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Full text of "Srpsko ucheno drustvo, Belgrad. Glasnik"

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C A A P S A J. 



Crpana 

1. RjiHMaTOJiorRia *- BjiaARMRpa loBaHOBRka 1 

2' KpaTRR nper^eA Xerjiose <^Hjoco«iiie — A* Bacajbeenha. 183 

3' O BeniTRHaHa — A, MavRha *. . . 281 

4. O BaciTRTaihy y AHepRifR no Jla6yji«-y — M. MflJiHheBHha. 30t 

5. 4Ba cTapa pyKonHca 3t5 

6. HcBeniTai o paAR^R Apy^'^'B^ cp6cBe cJioBecROCTR sa 
1862. roA 318 

7. HeapojiosH 329 



ATMOC*EPH H nPOMEHAMA y AtMOC*EPH, 
H O (bHXOBOM 3HAHAiy 3A PACTHtbE. 



y n o X 

S HOfft^ o caeraey u otcueory pMxrufha 
(b« XVL cb. FjiacRHKa^ erp. 48 — ^106) Ktsaro 
ie^ 4a paci'Hibe nnie HHtura Apyrdji seh npo- 
uaeod eiedufhefha eenurux npareapaud y useec- 
HUM OKOAUHOMa^ Da 16 ^3 TO HanoineHyTO, da 
en QTMOcjpepa u sbjium pacruthy nai^AUOiQe 
auQAuue. 

Ca4 ie 3a4aTaK Ham , 4a npoMOTpHMO Te 

OKOJIHHe. 

Mh 04no^Rii>eiMo Tal 3a4aTaR tipoMarpa- 
ibeM aTMoc^epSj nao iedne od uaiSAtiOicHx ono- 
Auna pacTUfha. 



BA7KA 

o 

ATMOC*EPIl H UPOMEHAMA Y ATM0C4»EPH. 
H O H»'H>^0B0M aiHAMAiy 3A PACTHlfcE. 

§. 1. 

Ba3/^yx , koIh csy/^ ynaoKO^o aeMjby oKpymasa, 
HasHsa ce arMocfepa y o^ rpwe penn arjnoc (napa) 
H cifiepa (oKpye). 

. ATMi^c^dpa ie cmeca- o/^.paaiiHX rlicoBa. Oua ee 
HeujHpn 6ed Kpala, 9^h io «»eHa AHeHim cpa*iyfbeHa, 
no HettHMa h^ 5 /|o tl| no ^pytJiiia v|o 13iil5 beo- 
rpa«i>HCKHx MHjba. Cboiom i^eaHHOM aTMoe4>epa npu- 
THCKyie Ha aent.'by, Kao uiro h cboIkm ropibHM Cioie- 
BHMa npHTHCKyie Ha ceoie HHme cjioiese. HainoCiXe, 
CTdAe aTMOCifrepe HHie sa^^a te/^waKO, Beh ce y aT- 
Mpc4>epH ^ora^aiy npoMene, h. np. cbct^oct it nomp- 
HHHa, Tonaora h AdL^Ho\\9ky THuiHHa h aexap, ae^pHna 
H 'o({^asHHa, cyiiia h KHuia h t. ^. 

H TaKo MH l^eMo npoMaTpaTH : 

/. CacTa^ oTMoc^epe^ 
11. ilpojHeue y arMoc^epu, 
III, KoAUKo aaeucu pacruthe od arMOC^epe u od 
npoMenn y oTMOc^epu. 



I. 

CACfAB ATMOC<I>EPE. 

§. S. 

AvMoe^epa ie cmeea o^ pa3HHX racosa. IloHe*- 
KHx o^ THx racosa HMaoamo Aiajio y aTMOc^epH , a 
HeKHMa ce Mepa Bpjio MecTO Mc&a, xaKO ^a ee cacraB 
atKioc«epe <;bo^h o6hmho na paaMepy caivio ohhx ra- 
cova, koIh ce Ha.»a3e y SHarHHioi h ^ocra crajiHOi 
MepM y Bas^yxy. 

Kao eAa4HU cacTdBHH ^eAonn aTMOC4>epe cma- 
Tpaiy ce : 

Z) HUCHUK^ 

3) eodena napa^ 
4} yexeuuuHu nucejmud. 
Ys ibBx ce Hajiaae Kao cAt/Hainu ^ejioBH ax- 
Moc^epe: 

5) ajtONuioKy 

6) yeA^O'SodnuuHu eac (cie^HH>eif>e yrvbeuHKa ca 
bo/^hhkom) , 

7) cyjHnopo-eodnuHHU ^ac* (cie^Hibeibe cyMnopa ca 
bo^hhkom), 

S) ffioc^opo-BodnunKu eac (cie^Hifceii>e «oc«opa 
ca bo^hhkom), 

9) Curne opeanuHKe^ nao u desopeanuuKe creapu, 

Ilo^nyiio HHCT H cya sas^yx cbctoih ce ynpaao 
b3 aaoTa ii HucHuua, Ta ^aa raca cmemaHa cy y osoi 
pasMepH : y 100 ^e^oaa saa^yxa no Tea&HHH, h. np. 

!♦ 



y 100 oKa, HMa 77 okh fiaora a 23 oice KHrHHKa ; 
a no npocTopHiH y 100 ^eaosa eaa^yxa panyna ce 
79 ^eaosa aaova a 21 ^eo icHCHHKa. Ta pasMepa 
aaoTa h icHCHHica y cacxaB^ aTMOc^epe HHr^e ce iie- 
MeH>a, Kaicea ie Ha ie^HOw mecxy TaKsa ie ceyr^e. 

Bodena napa H3hock y cpe/^ity pyny I.4 no npo- 
CTopniH 5 a I.03 no TemHHH , y 100 ^ejioea Bao/^yxa. 
Ho xa iwepa Meiba ce no mecxy h epeweHy, Kao mro 
heiwo TO BH^eTH Ha CBOM iwecTy. 

i(eA>eHUHHa Kuce^uua Hauocii, y cpe^iby pyi(y» 0.^ 
110 npocTQpi^iH y a 0»|o no TemHHH , y 100 /^ejioea 
«a3^yxa, 

^^onuiaK(i^ Kao H.jf^jua-eodHUHKoe^ cyjnnopo-sod" 
HUHKoe H ,ffioc{popO''$oduuHHoa eaca HMa caMO nomajio 
y axMoc^epH. y ocxa.iOM Mepa fbHxoaa xaKO ie npo- 
MeHtHsa, ;^a ce oua, 6ap ^oca/\>, HHie Mor.ia cpa- 
nynaxH. 

Mepa opaauuHKUx h 6e3opeauuHKux ereapu xaKofee 
ie Bp.10 Heanaxna h o^yHaina. Te cxsapH no/^HH«y ce 
ca racoBHMa h napoM , uah > Bexponi ca aeMvte y ax- 
Moc^epy. Heise o^ ii»«x HMoy hh o^ icaiSBe uixexe, a 
Heice cy 110 ceCw onacne .la ikhbox. OnHMa uixo HHcy 
o^ mxexe npHna/^aiy : i^eeruu npaman h paane JMune* 
paAChe creapu; a onacHHMa npHna;^aiy TaKOHa3B. Mfi^ 
iasMe H KouTaeuie , Koie ce npaBe naponnxo no 6.1a- 
THMiw H MOHapHHM MecxHAia , npM xpy^eiby opranHSKHX 
xeaa, na ce oxy^ no axiwocoepH paanoce. 



Paajiepa aaoxa , KKOJiHKa h jrjbCHHvue KHce^Hne y 
cacraRjr aTMOC<i>cpe cMaxpa ce ^axjie ieAHiio sao cra^iiia. 
Ako no paq^H^ jVlapinaHoeoM ysMCMO ^ /^a yBjnRfi axMOc- 
«i>epa H3HOCH coera s^tOsets^QOOOoq^ooctooo RHJiorpaiia^') : 
onf^ HMa y a,tNac4»epii ciTiera: 



^) 1 RH^OrpaN H3HOCH O.782I ^^^' 



5 



asoTa . . 

■NjCHHKa ■ 
yPACB. SRCe.lflHe 



-T- 



4^49611 
•969 



' i ""i . > i 1 1 



5^163623 6H^Houa KH^orpaiHa. 



§.3. 



,0^ cacTaBHHx ^^ejOBa arMOc^epej jiejbeHUHKB. ku* 
cejiunn^ eodeua n^pa h ajHonuiaK Hwaiy cyuiTacTBeHW 
auasai aa paaBHTaic pacTHiba. To cy rjiaBHH uaBopH, 
H3 Koiiix pacTHNbe ij^pne cBoiy oprauHMKy rpafey. 
(b. §§. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. y y^nayt^vi o cd^craey u atcu- 
Bory pacTUfba^ y XVI. CBeaKH r.«acHHKa.) Ob^c ie 
nHTaH>e : Ka^ pacTHibe HenpecraHO qpne CBoiy opra- 
HHHKy rpaby h3 aTMOC4>epe, ^a-Jiw ce h o^ny^ HaKHa- 
byie aTMOc*epH to, iuto ioi pacTiiibe o^ysHiwa. 

ITpowarpaHH iipupo^^e o^^roBapaiy ita to nHTaibe 
OBaKo : y npHpo^ii Heuia HHwa^ MHpa , seh ie bcihth 
o6pT npaTBapaica, seiHTa yaaiMHOcr M3Meby opraHHH- 
Kor H 6e3opraHH4Kor cBera. H. np. pacTHibe y.^Hcasa 
ye.henuHKy KuceAuwy m3 aTMOC*epe , a na^HcaBa ihct 
KiicnuK y itcTo Bpenie mHBOTiiiba y^HcaBa hhct ku- 
ctiun H3 aTMOc^epe, a H3^HcaBa y aTMOc*epy yeA.e" 
HUHKy KuceAuuy, IUto pacTiiibe y ce6e npHMa, to ^a- 
ftjie aKHBOTHiifl H3 ce6e o^jiynyie ; mro pacTHibe h3 
oeCe o/^jyjyie, to MciiBOTHiba y ce6e npHiwa. Ho ne- 
caMO npH otcueoTUfhCKojn ducathy^ Beh h npn epethyy npH 
eopefhy^ ceopeeathy^ TpyAethy h pacnadathy opeauuHKUoj 
re^a yotSuire, y3HMa ce kuchuk m3 aTMOc*epe , a h3- 
;^aie yejhenuHKn KUccAuna y aTMOC*epy. — C APyr« 
CTpane, aTMOc*epcKH oMouuiaK ciysKU uao paua pa- 
CTMifey, a pacTHibe ie pana h€hbothh.h , ho npn Tpy- 
jbeii>y HdAieTaica o^ ;KHBe mifBOTHtfce (h. Hp. MOKpahe), 
uao H ocTaTawa o^ niprBe ;KHBOTHii>e riocTaie oneT 





aMOHHiaK, H rai HSBerpaBa y aTHoc«epy. H raso ee 
MO«e pehM : ^MiOHiiiaK npe^asH us aTMOc^epe y pa* 
CTHibe , H3 pacTHiba y mHBOTHiby, a h3 xaBOTaibe 
oner y amioe^epy. HaMpaxKO nope^ seHHTor oCpra 
nparaapaKa, nope^ yaaiiiiHOCTH it3Mel>y pacTHiba ■ hch- 
BOTHfbe, H H3Meby opraHH4Kor CBera h 6e3opraHKH- 
Kor, aTMOc<^epa ie HeHci^pnHBa y CBome cacraBy yo0- 
lUTe, OHB ie Ba3^a OHaKa, Kaxa Tpe6a ^a ie , na ;^a 
y ifcoi Mome o((cTaTH opraHHSKH cBer nope^ 6e3op- 
raHHHKor H y opraHHHKOM pacTHibe nope^ mKBOTHibe, 
u SKHBOTHiba nope^ pacTHiba. 



II. 

nPOMEHE y ATMOC*EPH. 

§. 4. 

ripOMeHe y armbc^epH CBo^\e ce iior.iaeHTo Ha 
ose noiase: 

B. Berap. 

r. HfiKynjLame sodene nnpe u theno raj^o^ncef^e. 
^ jivMoe^BpCKU npuTucaK* 
K. EJienrpuHa u MetengruHa, 
Hi, Barpene noia&e. 



I. 6. 



Cbb npoMene y axviQc<^pii HaaHsaiy ce ynynuo 

HJUiMa* 

Hayifia o thm npomeHaMa h o npHpo^HHM 3aKO- 
HMina no KolHiia one ffHsaiy, HaauBa ce KAUMnroAo- 
euia , H.iif MereopoAoeuia (o^ rp^Ke pe4H jnereopoc^ 
Kola y CBOiif npeauiibeM 3Ha*ieifcy ofiyxeaTa cee uito 
lio aTMoc^epH ae((^H , raKo ^a cy h aTMOc*epci«e 
iipoMene naaBaHe Mereopu). -^ 

KjiHMaTO.iorHia Kao uayKa )Mi3BHiia ce rek y ho- 
Buie Bpeme, ua QCHOBy xejHuie h. ^u^uue* Kao r.iaBHH 
ocBOBaTejb Te nay ice cmaTpa ce ^. XffMHoAt^ a.iii ^o^e 
ie npBH cBecTpaHQ h i^eaociaBHO (cMCTeMaTUHHo) 



8 

npe^CTdBHo KaHMaToaorHiy. Ho NbeHOM pasBHTKy npH- 
noMor^H cy h BaAendepe h Ulay; ^s^ajbe CQCup^ ^euaftdoA^ 
•/Taeoasuiey PaiJlyaaK^ A^^^'i /f«-«To«, EeproAer^ A^jna^ 
Iliu6Aepy •/Tu6uei BycumoA^KeMi^ JKyHi^eR KeTAe h ;g(p. 



§.6. 

Heica^a ce mhcjiimo, ^a cy HCKe o^ nanpe^ cno- 
iieHyTHX lioiaBa, a HiiieHO : ceeTAocT, TonAOTa^ eJienrpuKa 
u MaeneTUKa neiuTO H3BaH CTBapH. ^auac ie cicopo 
o5iuTe ysepeibe , ^a ce cBa xeMucua ii.4s»H3H«jifa pa- 
^H.a cacTOiH y novperafhy ^ na ;^a h T0n.9OTk u cbct- 
aocT H e.ieKTpHKa h MarneTHKa Hiicy .iiHxufa Apyro 
Beh aaoeSua "crofha reaeetioe noKpernf^a. 

IIoKpeTaifce ocHHsa ce* na nprnJianefhy , i. npn- 
Baaneibe ie ie^HO o^ oSihthx cBoicma. Teaa. — 

Ha ocHOBy ydaiMuor npHBaa^eiba, cie^H^asaiy ce 
QTojHu (HaicHTHHia, HaiiipocTHia Te.ii^a, Koia ceHeMory 
/^ajbe CHTHHTH, HaH ce Cap y *h3hkh h xeMHiH ioiu He- 
anaiy cpe^CTBa 3aifcHXOBy^ejbHBOCT).Cie/^HibeHHy iwa- 
ae roMHjiHi^e aTOMH ce HasHBaiy MOAenyAu hah cAootcenu 
ftrownrtt. MoaefcyariTMa^ Mit caosReHMM aTOMiiMa, nptina^a 
onex cBoicTBO. /^a ce y3aiMHO npHBaase h cie^HifrHBaiy 
y ciuanoBe; KaKBH Ham ce qpgfl^T^BAaiy y BehKi\^ cao^ 
otcenujn reAUMa, Ua h cjiQiKensi xeaa npHBaa^e ie^HO 
^pyro. To. ie ^sppifi lujp ce, ^pa«e y CBe3H Kaico ca- 
cTdBKH ^^eao,BH ^eaHKiix. He6ecKHx xea^ y CBoioi ne- 
aHHH, TaKQ H cawa HeCecKa xeaa ,weby. 5.'o0om.. 

HpHB.iaHeifae H3Mefey i^dHjanuip arojna nosuaxo ie 
no^ HMeHOM : Koxeauia. 

RpMBJianeibe ifSKfety pnanux aroAta HasHBa ce 
we-MucKo npuBAOHe^e.* ' » 

npHBASiHeH*^ HBMchy MOiieKyjia (caoMceHHx aTOMa) 
no3HaTO ie no^ iimefiOM : adxtauin. • 



Ka^ '6vL tua CBery 6ho cftMo fedan xftieuir 'aroM: 
va^a Ke^H (Shjo npuBJiaieiba ^ na ^aujie hh tiOKpe-* 
Taiba. Ajih hhm ce yn^my d^uwron^k op(HB nocraie 
nprnManefte, <h ycjie^ Tora noRpoTafte. y cn^Ty o^ 
HelSpoieiin BTOMli n ttiisiosiffx eie^iimeii>a , BaiRM nao 
uaiolSaiTHitt aaKOM HOKpevaii^i. obo: ku^ le^aB arom 
(iMfi veiAo) ycBOM noKpeTaa»y naiff^e na APyx aTOM 
(b^mi TajK)) itiTO HHie y iioKpeTaH>y : ra^a ouai arom 
(njm wsAoyj^ KiTO le neh y noKpexsiAy, HeiMogkeiipoiyi^irrR 
i(po3. He^oicpeiiyTH btom (mjm rmM>}^ iep ie Henpf>Sov 
ia»CBaNH aTOw^MjiB jTejio) ; ajiM noneM yspoic noitpe^ 
Taiba vpaie:- to noiflpeHyTif aTOM npHoSuiipaBa cBoie 
eTa»e (uoKpeTOfibe) h OBOtt Apyroni aTomy (fi^ir ve*iy) 
uiTO HcCeuie y noKpery, xe ee» ca;^ h oh ttoNp^e. 

H xaiso noKpeTaH>e , nocraBme na ocHOsy npii- 
Baa^eifca, npHofiuiTaea ce o^ aTOMa aroMy, o^ Tejia 
Tc.iy. * % ♦ ' 

IIo ce^H ce paayMe , ^a ce cn^a npHajianeifca 
Mopa cse ^Sijbe npocTupan^H^ iuto ie BHiue aroiua yie 
AHfi>eHo Te aaie^Ho pa^e. C Tora ce h rpaeHraqHia, 
Kao* yie4Hib^ff»a iip»iB;ia'4ifa cu^a hef^oieniix aroma, 
apocfrnTpe-^BJi^e urero^aJ^xeSHla ,*'^y Koioi pa^e nrfioTo 
Maifce aToma; a aA^e3Hia npocTHpece A^:«>e uero 'i?o- 
xedRia if.tM xeMUCKO- vpa^WBO, -f ^^ P*A^ como ^h^octh 
aroMfi , Te ce 35or ibHxoBe.MaJieiiiHOCTM h' amkobb 
pa4»a*(npfiB«ia4(sn^) cawo Ma HeaHaiwy AajbBay npo- 

CTH^TH MOBCe* 

<Oa ie/|iiaKa-iaimx , ajin n^oTHSHO-ynpaBAeHitx 
npuB^iasefta h miKpeTaH^a noetaie paBMoweatcnf Httti 
Jtatp^ T>. iv CTaibe npoTHBno noKpeTWiBy '^— «enoBpe*- 

'^aBpmenu. (tiCc^ayrtiu) jtup^ H6%n neSn jspeA^^a*- 
BAao ciio«e«yTy paBKOTeafty, Morao-^ •ce-'^aMticjiivrH 
CBMO na^'^H 6Hi9t le^dm ie^mi9t ^vou na ^cBewy^ k^o 



«0 



lUTO- Hnupevst; nanoMeHycMo } 

o^ma nocTaje npHBaaieifce h yoie^ TOra nojqpeiaib^. 

To lUTO CMO ^OB^e o noKpeTaiby uaaa^iH, or.«e^a 
c^ uao 06111TH. aaKOH h y CBeraocTH h jr TanjioTH h 
y ekieHTpHKH h y marMeTHiui. 

A na^ ce yame-Ha ym, ^a nonperaibe noeraie 
HecaMO na ocHosy npMB^aMeiba, veti h npaofiiuT^Ba* 
ibeM, a ^di OHO7 Ma saKO necTa^o^ MOjxe Ciith pasAu* 
HHo (H3Mehy ie^HaHHx aToma, nsMel^y pasHHK aroMai 
MBMeby cAomeHHX aToma , ifsme^y eehMx eao»c«iiiix 
TeM), M Maiflocte^ ua^ ce noniHcjui^ ^a BMuie BR^^^Ba 
noKpeTaiba y ie^Ho hcto speMe Mory pa^nTH Ha ue- 
noftpeHyxo Te.«o, on^a ie abko paaymerH o^ny^ o«a* 
KBa pi|aHOGTpy«iNOCTb noKperffta , Raima naM ce 
yiiaayie y cmer^ocru^ ronjuoru^ eAenrpuHu v MoeueruHu^ 
o NoiHAia ie OB^e pef . 



A. CseTaocT. 

«. 7. 

CeBtJ^oOT ce CAiaTpa Kao rpeneTaijfhe nouperafhe 
aroM^^ o^ KOr ^oaaan iacHoka n MOryfeHocr ^ ^a bh-* 
^HMO ceer oko ce6e« 

CBeraocT noeraie npH cBanoi MexanuHHoi h xe^ 
MueHoi ptt&HM y npHpo^^H. 

TaKO ce csexJiocT ynaayie , nik) ce or^apu iedn^ 
o dpyey rapy uau ydapaiy, H. np. cynnaMn oeerAOcr 
nocTaie- no csrvi. npkjHi^H o;^ xpeiba cyKnaue aTMOc- 
«iepe o- cBeTciai BaaiAyx. To ce olSiacii>aBa osaKO : 
Cyuiie ce oMarpa Rao TaB«o reao , woie HMa cBoiy 
coCcTBCHy axMOc^epy, h Koie ce (aaie^Ho ca cboiom 
aTMOc^epom) ofipfce o«t> ceCe (aa 25'/^ ^^wa no ie- 
^j^aiinyT.) IloieM »e«ia ;^OKaaa^ a® <*© ^hcth oaa^yx He*- 
npocTMpe H HaBaM iiauie arMOc^^epe ^ h ^a oh icao 



II 



TAioQSB. cseTCKfi ina^yx HeAmiHpe ^ocyii^afieaT^ioc- 
«epe : to ce inoxce seposaTH, ^a ce cyH^iaKt aTMCK)- 
«epa y oDOMe o6pTaifcy (ya oCpraibe cyHi^a) rapeo cbct- 
CKH Ba9Ay3^« Ha cBaKoiTOMKH, r^e cyH^aHa atmoc^^epa 
/(o/^Hpa cBeivKH Baa^yx nocraie ono tpeneraiylie no- 
KpeTBAe, Koie ce y npaMemmia 04 spaKoaa isao ceer- 
jioer HTOfiAOTM ^ajhe npno6mTaBa h oeeha. — .Cderaocr 
lUTo ce yRaayi« npR Kpeca»y , Koaaiby , paaCHiatty 
M TyivaB»y tbp^hx xe^iB) (icpeMBHa, uiekepa, eoan ht. 4.) 
;^ojia3H raKO^e o^ rapeiba HiXH y^apaiba i^e^a o re^to. 
OcBM' Tora, cBBTiiocT ce padBHia h rouAOroM h ejten- 
rpuKOJt^ KBO UJTO K^eiiio to tra cbom Mecty KaaaTit. -^ 
Ifi|TO ee THMe xejUHCKC pa^H^ey cBerjiocr nocraie na 
ocHOBy npm$Jt6m€iha u cieduHa§nfMi pnanux npfrteapaKit, 
Tana cBorjbeibe ii*oc«opa y MpaMy (4»oc4>opecitOBaibe) 
^ojiaaH o^ cie^HibaBaifra ^oc4»opd ca riichmrom. Cse^ 
T*%eH»e H3BecHHX 6y(kii^a (HHceNra) kbo h pacTHiba 
cmaTpa ce raHofce Kao thxo cieAHAAvaibe paaHiix itpa- 
TBapawa ca xfictiHKoiii. Ila b ohb CBerjiocT luto ee 
yKaayie xao njiaMeu npn ropeny rejia, 40M3H oa 
cie/^H»aBaM»a iCHCHHKa ea yrjbeiiHNoii a bo^hiikom ua 
cacraaa ropehHx CTBapB ; h t. 4. 

S-8. 

O4 cBBHe TOHKBi H^ Koioi le^HOH CBeT.iocT no- 
CTaHe , ttpMo6uiTaBa ce cbbijioct na cBe cTpaMe. 
Kao CBBKO noKperaifce , tbko h CBer^iocT Mome ce 
pacopocTHpaTH caMo apHo6iuTaBaH»eM o«/^ aroita aro- 
ny H 04 veaa re^y. npocTopaia aTOMB hjir Te»ia,. 
Rpoa Koiy ce cbbimoct npHo6tuTaBaH»eM pacnpocTRpe 
naaBBB ce cpedttua. 

PacnpocTHpaifee caeTJiocTH bmb cBOiy meHy^ nbo 
lUTO R cpe/^HHe Kpoa Roie ce cbotjoct npRoCiuTasa 
HMaiy CBoiy npocTopaiy. 



le 



Dpasai^ paanpopmpaAa cBm>jiooTH saBMcii o^ «a- 
•KBQha ope^HHe* 

Kpoa cpe^HHy y iioioi cy avoHH^ ie/^KBKo iiap«- 
kskHu^ CJIQT40CT ce CBav^a HecnpeiHOy y upaBoi jiHBmH 
pacnpocTHpe. CsaKa npasa jiirnHia , koiom ce caerr,- 
^ocT o^ ie^He caeT^eh^ -TO^iKe necnpeHHo /^aAe pao- 
npoGTHpe, naaHBA. ce ^pan c^er^ocru. ]Ipobe*JUi ceeT- 
•ioct Kpoa ie^iiy ^peA^^ay a ^o^e-jiii ooa v^o '^pyre 
cpe/^HHej y aoioi cy .btomh ^pyraMHie ctOBseuBE.: OR^a 
C6 ana na meha. asiieby A^^ HQie^^HaKe epeA«He ^^n^ 
TaaOyAa c^ .ie^aH ^»q a^en oner spaba y crapy cpe^ 
AHHy, a A9JVH. ce apHOiSuiYaBa Kpoa Hoay cpeAitHy. 
llpaa A^^ caeTviooTH (uito ie uQapatieHy cvapy cpe- 
AHHyj u/dOA c^ uiiaA ua ^Bore : leA^a rpaiia Aena 
oaia (npHofiivTaaa ce)' aa cat) CTpane o^ one tohk^, 
OA Koie ce ua Mt^ba. wttieby ABeiy HeieA^^K^*^ cpe- 
ABHa, caeTaoco' Bpakay a- Taaa ra Tcviaa nocraie bh«- 
Aua; la APy^^ rpaua OA^uia ce {upMOSinTasa ce) oa 
noBpiuaia Mel>e cse ieA'^iiiii haBecHHM apaBueiB h a<^ 
iHipe AO ^^'^'d npoAtaTpf^^a , aao Aa 6u ce oua rovKa 
OAuyA "CBeTtiOkCT HaaHpe aaUtcxa y- tori npastiy Ha- 
•laaHjia, raico a^ ^^ •>< oCwiHK.'f'e tohko y tom npae^y 
BHAH. TaKBO OACHiaibe cBeT.iocTii ona^ica ce npaBH.i* 
HO Ha CBaKOM pasHOM (raaTKOiM) iiOBpuiHiy h nasHBa 
ce oeAedaH»e viMi pe^AeKt^uia, H. np. or^ieAa^io (Kao 
paBHO noBpiiiHle) OA^Hia cbct^oct, isoia my oa npeA- 
Mera AO^^aaa, n noKaayie o6«ihk trk npeA^erar 6aui 
Kao Aa ftfOHK y caiMQM oraeAa.iy (Sh;3h.-— ^pym ^eo 
cBCT^ocTH luto ce npMofiujTaBa itpoa ttOBy cpeAMMy 
noAvieatu OBaRBOw aaKOity : ' Ako' ie CBer^iocr aoiol 
fai 'A^'^ npMiiaAa fiiauiAa hpaii^e ' (oABecHo)' a^ 
MiH)e cnoMeayTM* epeA"t«a-: OHAa nctn a<^o saAp^aaa 
CBoi crapH npaBai; h y hoboi cpt*AWHii, Ano-jiH ie 
cBeT,w>cT A^uTiia Kooona iweHy naineHy A^^iy HeicAHa- 
KHX cpeABNa : OHAa ibeH a^^ koui ce npHo6iiiTaaa 
Kpo3 HOBy cpeAMHy npaBHjiiiO' OAcryna ©a ohof npaa- 



13 



i^^.ttoiiiMiee y cvapoii epie^ifHM paoopoerrHflajia onev*^ 
^09v. To. .o^CTjriiaiike^ m^aiisa .ee- mpes^oMafhe e^jprjfooru. 
MypyfeHOcr ie^ne cpQ^vHe* (Hiiu- tcjiq), ^a npoiiheite 
vpaoaq c«9V40cth> Koia ««; - koc'i) jipocvHpe ^o Te 
opQ^Hne^ HaanBa^.ce jr^ejrAKoc^r, rrpM^^waMOi- npeyia- 
MaH>«* eiiefr«tniDTjE HJtif npoMene ibenor npasqa hpir 
npe«i4iaty ic3 ie^e cpe^uiie .yVlpyi^y^ cBe" i^ SfiaTHiiie, 
mro KOQM^e fiBeTt^ooT. /^o^asir na M«>f^yH9Nieby ^hk' 
ape^^fuiaiaV na^ csenviocT odseh k0oo ^o^asH' /^o •ciiOMe-> 
HyTe Mete : ofi/|a .ee 'OHe iiiHet^eJia 9itme ratio , ^ 
ievMW ^o ifaea iqioluffie y ^yry cpe^Hwy, «eh <?e o«a 
Ta^d caa Hatpii^od6uia (pe^jtenrjfiB) OHaico, aao fUfOi 
ce o^Cflia' o^ . p^Hor pospisiiia (orae^a^a). -^-^I^ena- 
H»e CQeTiaocvM na /^aa* /^ejia^ o/^>>'i90tifx oe ie^aif oner 
nafpar ojifimka^ a ^pyrH -npet/iaMa^ - $NB>a na ^caaira^f 
Hpe.ifi3y H3 i^^tte ope/VH"«^ y Apyy^ '^^^ '^ npii'^Ba** 
KOi npoH6^it HaMiuia -h. npaeifa Kpifnr cy ^jumiveHK 
airoMB y ie^Hol Horoi cpe^HHu. Ila h np«biOMjbeua eeeT-* 
jiof^T, ^HiAi /v^K^ne /^ :HOBe. -MeHe, lioiia ce i^ena' vapcoy 
/|a o€h ie^aa rpafta ibeaa looer 'Ha^rpar ovapoi MebH-o^* 
fiHia^ a^pyra h iqpeMO nose wbH^ HpoeTHpe. Yr obow 
cay^iaiy OHa CBeT^ocr, iutq ce- o;^ noBe Me^ 4)i»eT 
cTapoi mcHh o^6Hia, npocTHpe ce HaTpar ohhm hcthm 
npaBi;eM, koIhm ie ^ouiaa, h na^ A^He Ha cxapy Me^y 
oiia ce Ty npeaama xaiwi, ^a ce h Kpo3 cxapy cpe- 
^HHy oner cTapHM npaBi^em Bpaha. 



... §,..-9.. 

flocae Tora, iiito cmo o 6/^6H?aiby (pe*.ieKTO- 
Baiby) H npeUawaiby cbctjiocth icaaa^H, ./laKO ie cxsa- 
THTH cae/^ehe : y cbOmc npHo5mTaBaii>y Kpo3 xe^a 
(cpe^HHc) 5 y KolHMa cy aTOMH y ^asHiiM npaBi^HMa 
HapebaHH h HacjiaraHH, cbctjioct Mopa ce.o^ csaKor 
HOBOr caoia h^h roMHjiHi^e aroMa hciuto naTpar o^- 



CiiiaTH. H sainenta ^OBe/^e-jiH ee CBeraocr h. np. y 
f&aicBy MpaMHy co6y, iia RaiSBO /^eCeJio h ^yranno era- 
Kjio : OH^a ce to craHao MSHyTpa cKopo no CBMRia 
T04KaMa ocBeTjiH. To ie /^OKaa, ^a ce CBerjiocr, Moia 
ie y oraKao npo^paa, o^ CBaxe HOBe roMHJiHi\e h^h 
c^oia aTQMa noHeuiTO navpar o^Cnia. TaKBHM o/(6h- 
iaibeH CBeTJiocT ce caa^R, h to napaBHo cBe SHaTHH- 
ie, uiTO ie Ay^H ny*'* K<>iH oHa npojiasH npoa Taxsy 
cpe^BHy , y Hoiol cy aTOMH y pa3HHM npasi^HMa h 
pe/^OBHMa cAoaneHii. C ix>ra ce hcto o/^CHiarbe, Kao 
caaCeibe cseTJiocTH y caMoi yHyTpaiuibocTH rejia, 
naaMBa eyrnn^^ eeer^ocru , ujih a6cop6t^uia ceerjtocru, 
' Ka^ CBeTJiocT^.M noiiiTO npo^ Kpo3 neao rejio, 
HMa ioui TOJiHKo iaMHHe, /^a ie oko occth^ m /^a ce 
9pei4weT, o/^ Kor ona ^ojiaaH , bm^h y cBome o6jiHKy 
H CBoioi Coih: Ta;|a.ce KaaKe, ^a ie to Teao npoaw- 
&iiomjkHnpo8paHMo^ (da nponyutta c^erjuH^r). A Otta Tejia, 
y KoiHMa ce CBeraocr tojihko caa^H ^ /^a ce khmb, 
Ka^ OHB CToie Hame^y TOMKe o^ my^ cbctjioct ^o- 
Jiaau H ona npomaTpaHeBor , cnpesyie BHbeibe m 
acBeTjb^H>e ^^pyrHX npe^meTa : HaaHaaiy ce uenpoeudna 
H.iv uenpospoHHa (ona Henponywraiy ceerAOcr)^ 



§. 10. 

Cbctjioct ce o6h4ho pacnpocTHpe y npaMCHHnia, 
koIh ce cacToie ua cie^HibeHHX apaicoBa. IIpojuaTpa- 
H>eM caanajio ce, ^a ce csaKH npaMeu ceeTjiocTH npn 
npejiaMaiby pa3H.iaH>yie Ha paane apaKe , o^ KoiHx 
ceaKH aa ce6e npe/^CTaBjba /^pyraHHiy 6oiy. F^h ce 
npHKyne cbh apai^H o^ ie^^Hor npamcHa cBeraocTH, 
Ty ce OHH ynopefeyiy Tano , \?^a ce ceaKH y cBoioi 
6oiH yKa)Ke obhm pe^OM : 

ifpeeua 6oia. 

Boia Kao y noMopaniie, 



w 



BAedo^amyra *6via. 
Sejiena 6oia. 

JbyikiHacra 6oia. \ 

Th apai^H paaue 6oie HeiipejieMoij oe can ie^** 
HaKo, Ka^ na ie^ne cpe^Hae y ^^y^y ^pof^^y^ seh ce 
OHH H y TOMe paa^HKyiy. Spei^H^jbyfiNHSlcTe 6oie Hai- 
anaTHHie ce npeiAamaiy; a 3pai|M. i|pB<)He 6oie nai- 
marbe. Cie^HHe-^H ce cbh th apaifu oner y ie/^aH 
npameH, oH^a Tui npameH a»^e.€e^y cseT^ocT. O^- 
yame-^H ce ie^aH apaic (ie^iiHa fioia) h,ih cacBHM hjih 
y Beftoi MepH : oH^a aaocTasiuH apat^ii HS^^aiy ueKy 
cMecy Coia) Moiao^iiui nocTane 6ejia,. hhm ce o/^yae- 
I'M apaK onef ocTa^AMMa npaaycTM. TaKO h. np. 
aKO ce ie^HOM npameHy csex^ocTH o/^yame cas onai 
apaK lUTO H9/^aie i^paeny 6oly, Kao m caa OHai, uito 
aa^aie 6oiy Kao y nonopaHye, na. uainocjie a caa 
OHai ^y6Hf acTe (Toie : OH^a aaocTaaiuH apai^a^ a 
HMeHo: ae^eH , acyT h n^iaa, aa^aiy yKynHo ae^e- 
Hy 6oiy. 

IIo»ieiit cy. y MpaKy caa xe^ia (Ses 6oie, .H-caao 
notttTO ce ocaeTJie^ OMa aa/^iiy .fioiy. :.to ee entfaTpa, 
/^ 6oia re^a •^oaaaa- o/| caerji^cTH uito ce 41^ imix 
o^(aia jH /^oitape ^o oaanpaniaTpaMa. H xaao xejia^ 
Koia cae apaae paaae 6oie y le^naKoi aepn aaxpar 
OA^aiaiy, aa^iy ((ejiy 6oiy. Hanpoxaa vema aoia 
apaKe aaaeeae fiqie aapo^iiiTo aavpar o^^Hiaiy, a oae 
ocxa^e noHaiaHuie ryxaiy (aScopfiyiy), va^aiy 6oiy 
oaax. apaKoaa , Koie OHa naposHTO ^rpar o^fiaiaiy. 
Oaa xejia Koia ai^ue apaxoea paaae 5oie aaxpar o^* 
fiaiaiy, Ha/^aiy oaaxay 6oiy^ aaaay aa/^ale cmeca xax 
apaKoaa. 



16 

§11 

Thmb f lUTO CMO ^OB^e o cBeTAocTM KasajiH, 
/^aiy ce oSiacnuTN cse. noiaee iuto o^ caeTiXOCTH 
^ojiaae , h uito Ham ce xaKO Meero npe/^ omh craB- 
jbaiy. Mh heMO OB^^e HanoMenyTH HaioCiuTHie o^ thx 
noiaaa, a HMeno : . 

1) CaeTJi9€r dantu 
3) nAa§eTHUAa He€a. 
. 3) Pyj$eM aope u eenepeu 
' 4y CyMpoMOK. 

5) Tpeaeraitfke mepan^e ^eeada, 

6) OeaedoHB jf 9iBadyapg, 

OKO Meoet^af tiAU oho eseada. 



CBBtJlOCT AAHA. 
§. 12. 

'CeeTJioer A^«a otfiaoi^aBa ce oaano ?• 
Amoo^epcKM Ba3/(yx no ceCii ie BpAO npoapa*- 
^a«, TaKO ^a MOHfemo BH^^erH cae npe^meTe, >o/^ ko* 
lux cBeTJiocfT Kpo3< iberB ^onHpe ^o iiauiHK o*f my. 
A.IH oneT Tai saa^yx Henponyiura caspuieHO apane 
CBeT^ocTH iipo3 cete. Bell ce tm apax^H y CBaKom 
HOBcm CiAoiy aaa^yxa o^6iiiaiy h npe^Aaiiiaiy, npeM/ia 
y Heaaavifoi mepH, m ory^ ce nocjie aa cse crpaae 
paonpocTapy, TaKO CHsa h ca cyHHaaom cBerJiocTH, 
Koia csaiur ^aa aTMOC«^y nppiXaoiL Camo ie/^aa ^eo 
o^ re CBeTjiocTK ^onitpe ^o nonpniHia aeM^e ; a 
APyrH /^eo aeiuTO ce o/^Caia aaxpar o^ cioiesa aaa- 
^yxa, Koia cy no npaaaay cae rymfca uito cy aaaia^ 



17 

a ioui Bume o;^ bo^hhx meypuha ii3 koIhx ce maraa h 
o().iai^ii cacToie, a neiuTO ce caMHM Baa^yxoM a6cop- 
Cyie. Ho h o^ thx narpar o/^6HleHHx spaKOsa Miioni 
^ocnesaiy ^o seM^e , nia ^a Me^yTHM h no ^^sanyx, 
na II BHuie nyxa, 6HBaiy Harpar o^ShUluh (pe^iJieK- 
TOBaHH). IIlTa BHiue H ie^an ^eo o,^ apaicosa koIh 
Ha seMJby na^aiy, na hx senjba. Harpar o;^6Hia, unaK 
ce o^^Hia o^ axmoc^epe wa aeiw^y. Ha ocHOBy Tor 
o^fimaifca cBexjiocTH o^ aTMOc<i>epe Ha CBe cxpane, 
nocraie csa axwoc^epa xaKO ocBeTjbena, /\a naw cBex- 
^ocT o^-CBy/\a ^ojiasH. Y xano 0601x6*1 ocBexjbeH.y 
axMOc*epe, ocHOBaHom na CBoicxBy ibeHOM ;^a cyn- 
nane apaKe na cse cxpane o^^Hia, cacxoin ce /^anae 
ceeTAOCT dnua, 

Iloieif ce CBCTJiocT na cbom nyxy Kpo3 axMoc^epj 
OA cBAKor HOBor c4oia neiuTo naxpar ofifinx^ h thm cjia- 
6h : to ce h one tomkc o^ Koinx CBexjocT ji^oxd^zn cse 
c4a6Rie BH;^e uito Ay^" nyx CBer.iocT o^ HiHx na Rpoa 
aTMoe<»ep^ npo«ia3H. Otja Ao<*a3h to, uito HaM ocscT^e- 
MB npeAMexB ieABaRe Be4H4flHe h jieAHO Rcxa A<>6a a^^"^ 
Hsr^eAaiy cse HeiaeiiHiHy uito ry a^^^^ <>A Hac , Taso a^ 
iix Ha iiSBecHoi a^*^hbh nainocjie BRKaso Biiuie HeBHAu- 
MO. — flpoapaqHocT aTNoc^epe HecToiii cbc ua ieAHoi 
MepBy Beit ce oua MeH>a Boy^^HOM napoM, Mar^oM, iipaiuu- 
HdM^ AHifOM H AP>i*HM croapHiia , Koie ce ca 3eM.i>e 
noAHSBy H no aTM0C4»epH paaMOce^ Kao uito Ha» le to h3 
CBBRBA^"*^^ HCsycTBa no3uaTO. 



nJlABETHH.AO HBBA. 

§. 13. 

y njaBexHH^y He6a HeBH^Hnip HHiuxa ^pyro, 
Beh .6oiy camor Baa^yxa, KOiwe npHua/^d cboIcxbo, 

r^acHHs XVII. 2 



18 



/\a Haxpar o/^ChIb napoMHTO naase 3paKe OBeTJiocTH. 
Ha Toue cBoicTsy Ba^^^yxa ociiHBa ce h oho njiaBe- 
TiiHjio 6perOBa, luy^a h ;^pyrH\ npe/^meTa, liiTO Ham 
re npe/\cTaBjba Ka/\ Te npe/^Mexe hj /^ajieica r.ie^aMO, 
ocoShto Ka/\ ie Ba3/^y\ luaibe npoBH^aii. 

n^aeeTHH.io Hc6a iiiiie ooarAa (eAuaKo, neK ie ne- 
sa^ iacHHie , iieKa^ aaracHTuie y iieKa^ ic oneT 6e^H- 
qacTO, a qecTo cacBHM 6ejio. Te npoMCHe He6ecKOr 
njaseTHH.fa /^o^aae iiorJaBHTo OA boahhx MejpHlia j 
BasAJxy. BoAHii MCjpnfiH (ua Koinx ce Marja h o64ai;H 
oacToie) unaiy cBoicTBo, ^^ oA^nlaiy iiaTpar 6e^j cseT- 
4oeT. UIto ie Buuie^ /^aR^e^ TasBiix Me^pnha y Baa^jxy^ 
THM 6jie^e nocTaie n^aeeTHUJO He6a, ii Hainoc.ie Ka^ ^e 
HaroMH.ia Bpjio mhoto thx Me^rpuha y saajiyxy, fie66 h3- 
rje^a 6ejo CKopo Kao M^eKo, hjh Kao a^ ^h KasoM neHS- 
HOM 6ejoM aaBeooM MaBjMeHo 6h4o. H o6paTHO, iuto ie 
4HCTHie H060 OA cnomeHyTHX boahhx MeypHha : tiim ie 
lacHHie H aaraciiTHle n.iaBeTHH.io He6a. 



PyiHEH 30PB H BRHKPA. 

§ 14 

PymcH 3ope h Benepa npejiHsa ce HSmehy 3.iaTo- 
H^yxe, iacHoi^pBene h aaracHTOupBeHe 6oie. Ta pyMCH 
o6iacibaBa ce obbko : ica^ ie. cyHne Ha BH^e^y 
(isao lUTO ie csar/^a npn aajiaseiby h npn pabaii>y) : 
Ta/\a H>eroBH 3pai^H iuto ^o Hae /^onnpy npo^iase a^^" 
aeKH nyT Kpo3 aTMoc*epy. Ha tom AaaeKom nyxy o^- 
Cnia ce narpar (npenia cyni^y) Be.iHKH ^<&o naaBHx 
3paKOBa, a a^ naiuer orsa ^owwpy nor.iaBHTO caMO 
3i«yTit H i^pseHH 3pai^H, xe Haiw CBe oko Hac h3- 
rJieAa ocBexjbeHO cBexaomhy noMopaH^HHe 6oie. Tome 



19 



npHnoMasKe ioui uito ce h BO^ena napa HajiasH y 
aTMOc«epH. lep H Ta napa npH HaaecHoi niepH CBoie 
rycTHHe Hnia cboIctbo ^a naxpar o^CHia noraaaHTO 
spaKe noMopaHi^HHe 6oie. Benepiba pymeH oGhhho ie 
nsHBjba o^ iyxpeibe pymeHii. To ^oaslsh oxy/^a, iiito 
ce 66jiai^H npe^ aa^iaaaK cyHi^a cnyiuTaiy HHme h pa- 
cnaiaiy xaKo, ^a ce bo/\hhm MeypHfiUMa, koih o^ h.hx 
^oaaae, noBehasa Benepiba pysieH. HanpoTHB ripe^ h3- 
aaaaifi cyHi^a, Ha Be^poin apeMCHy, crajiomH ce mhofo 
nape Kao poca, xe ce yTO.iHKO ocjia6H pyMen aope. 

064ai^H^ KOiH ce aaxeKy npu aaviasKy cynqa, m3- 
rae^aiy TaKofee pymeHH. Ila ce xaKO pyweae m to^h 
BpxOBH njidHHHa, Te uarjie^aiy necTO nao ycuiaHH. 



Cy BA^ AHMi. 



§. 15, 

IfouiTo cyHne ca xopH3oiiTa (BH^ejia) aa^e, oho 
HeMOH^e BHuie ocBeTjbHBaxH npe/^Mere na BH^ejiy. 
AaH axMOc^epcKH saa/^yx uito ie na^ xopHaoHTom 
ocBexjbyie ce cyHManoM cbctjiocth iom aa hcko 
BpeMe H nocie aaxo^a cyHna. O^ ocBexjbene axmoc- 
«»epe npocxHpe ce CBexaocx h c oae cxpane xopH- 
30Hxa. Ho mxo xopii30Hx ^ajbe H3MHMe o^ cyni^a, xp 
ie H xa CBexjiocx ciaSuia, /^oKJie ie iiainocjie cacBHM 
Hecxane. H xano aa cyHManoM cbcxjiocxh HHKa^ h^^o- 
aaau Hanpenai^ MpaK , seh cBe maao-no-Maao ; Kao 
uixo H o6paxHO : aa MpaKOM csexaocx ae^oaaaH iia- 
TAO Beh H3XHxa. TaKdB npejias o^ csexjiocxH MpaKy 
nasHBa ce cyjnpaHaK eenepthu , a o^ MpaKa csexjiocxH, 
cympaHau iyropthu (ceurathe). 



to 

TpEnETaiyAB nrpaibB 3bb34a. 

§.16. 

Ilofl TpeneTaiyhHM HrpaiiieM 3Be3^a pasyMesa ce 
otia QoiaBa, npH Koioi bh^hmo , ^a aeea/^e y xpene- 
xaifcy cBoie iwecro ocTaBCj na ce oner 6p3o iiaxpar 
Bpare ; npHToM ce onantaiy h npoMene y iaHHHii 
CBeT.iocTJf, na noHeKa/\ h y cawoi CoIm. To ^^ojiasH 
ory^a, lUTO ce cBexjiocx y pa3.iHHHHM c.ioieBHMa Ba3- 
^yxa pas^HHiio npejiama , na Haw ce o^ faice Meiie 
(iieie^naKOCTii) npe.iaitfaiba CBeraoCTW mhhh, ^a 3Be3)^e 
y Tpeneraiby Hrpaiy (w^y ^ ie^Hor Biecra Ha rtpyro 
H onex Haxpar). 

OrjiE!4Ai!>E! y BA3AVxy, 

§. 17. 

Ha Heie^HaKocxH npe.iaMaii>a CBexjiocxH y pa3HHM 
caoieBHina sas/^yxa ocHHoa ce h xaHOHa3B. oeAedntne 
y ensdyxy.^ npn MCiwy bh/^hmo jiuicoBe ^ajbHHX npe^- 
mexH y axMOc*epcKOM sas^yxy Kao y orae/^a^y. TaisBH 
•iHKOBii nasHBaiy ce eaadyumu jiuKoeu, Ohh ce BH^aiy 
HapoHHxo Ha.niHpoKHM necKOBHXHM paBHui^aMa. Ka/( 
ce xy cyBa 3eM;ba cyii^aHoiw coexaocxH laKO 3arpeie5 
on/^a ce ii>OMQ sarpesa h o6.uiH;ibi[ Ba3/^yx. 3arpe- 
iann Bas^yx icao pebn h jiaKiun H^e y bhc, a na H>e- 
roBo iwecxo ^o.ia3H aa/^HHiH, ryiuhn Bas^^yx h3 oko- 
.iHHe. ycjie/^ xora Hauyne ce oico aarpeiane ae- 
Mjb"e xaKBH caoicBH Bas/^yxa, koih cy, noHHityhH o/^ no- 
Bpnikia acMjbe na ;^o Heice ii3BecHe, o6h^ho Bpao ne- 
3HaxHe, BHCHHe, cBe rymliH, aaxHM ie ibHxoBa rycxHHa 
/^oueK.ie CBe ie^HaKa,a ory^ na BHuie cbc pe^a, icao 
mxo ie o6h«iho y axMOc^epn Bas^yx CBe pebn, uixo 



«1 

ie ^ajBU o;^ vo^iuHia semjbe. Ka|^ ee ^^njte ua Toi 
TpBBHHVfH H iiptf TSHjioM GTaiby aTMoo»epe na^asH icanaB 
npoiii0Tpa«r, nil 6aii(u nor^e/^ h. np. ua itfaRBO ^pso Hsa 
Rdr ee bh^h ie^an ^eo neSa : ra/^a oh bh^h npBO 
npaBH jiHK Tor /\pi3eTa , * tcao lUxo ce t^i ;ihk ocBeT^- 
^yie omiM apaquMa, roih ce ynpaBO o^ csaice ronne 
ApeeTa o^^iaiy; ajiH on bh^h y hcto Bpenie h /ipyrH', 
erpuroi^aaBtseH ^hk Tor Apsera, oiq>y3ReH iiaBpHyTHiii 
aHKOM QHor ^e.ia ueSa inTO ie H»a cnomeHyTor ^p*- 
aexa, onaifio , nao luxo ce h y fiHcxpoi bh^h CTpiwo- 
r.iaBi^e Bii^e jihkobh npe^MCTa. TaiCBO orjie^aii»e npe^- 
Mexa y Baa^yxy oCiacibaQa cer osaKo : spai^H cbctjio- 
CTH pacHnaiy ce o;^ csaice tomkc ocBerjbeHor ^psexa 
Ha CBe CTpane; ohh koIh npo/^npy Kpo3 caoieBe saa- 
;^yxa paaue rycxHue ,npe;^diiidiy ce Ha CBauoi Mebu, h 
yc.ie^ Tor npe.iaMaif>a ysHMaiy cue kochIh npaaai^ h 
cse^cy ciaCniir, xano ;^a nainocae Heniory ^ajbe npo- 
^Hparir, BeK ce 04 Haaecnor cjtoia Bas.^yxa na^nyao 
Baxpar o^Sniaiy (pe^.ieKxyiy). O^ Tor o/^6iiiaifca ^o- 
•lasH ;^aK.ie to, nixo npoMarpaH nope/^ npasor Anxa 
^ipsera, mf^ii ti oaai ^pyrir, Bas^yuiuH .tHH iberoB. 

H^t'ieuiko C6 onaxfi^iy Ras^yuiati ^iikobh y A0Jbif»eH 
firnntyv M^ ^J npOcrpaRo pilBRHiie ifenperei]^aue norAB- 
VAO ra MaaiiM 6peiiRy,'bU^nM9, na RoliiNa cy noA^r^syra ee.ra, 
pa^H caMjBaHi:! oa non^aee Hn.ia. lyxpOM 11 Be*iepoii bhac 
re TH iipeAMOTii y cbom o6hmhom jiokj; a.iH k^a cyimaHH 
apai^H semjby npHneaj^ a Berpa bh oAKjAa HCMa, HaeiraHe 
or.ieAau>e y saaAJxy. flpoiuaTpaM 113 A^*'t>i<HC BiiAii ceaa h 
noA ibHiia HiHxoB aaaAy't*" ^iir-^ a fieRiiA'R seM^bj na ko- 
loi ey ; oiia ny ce npeACTaB^aiy Kao ocrpoBa? OKpysKBHa 
ueRHN ne^HRHM ieaepoM 'f'HxoM cTp}ioM Meujaiy ce Be- 
leAHaKO anrpeianii cMoicBii BasAyxa ua acM.i>B , n to re 
iipcACTaB.t>a npouaxpaMy t^Ro, Kao a^ b"ab 9 A^. ^^ boK 
B T'Maca noBpiijnie ieaepa* Ajuh iuto <>JH^e npoBarpaq 
i*e.iy AOAaym, obb A«'^i/be HiiiB.HB ieaepo; A^h^*'^¥ b a^ 



e^noT ce.ia, oh miaii A^ tj H«iMBor ieaepii iie«a ; bjih apj^o 
y^^jb^Bo ce4o DpeA<^Ta««^a My ce Ofup^ym^Hi^ ieaepoii, aao 
H OHO npeo BdA ra ie HS^ajieRa rJOAao. ffpenoHOAa ce, 
Aa ie THM na^iRHOM yMopua a moARa Bolcxa 4»paH^y^Ra 
«iecTO 6uA9^ o6u9viyTSi y Rrnnrj* ve ie Tp<tajia aa boa<»m, 
Roia ioi ce HSAajeaa DpeAcraB.iyajia oro ceja h apJ^hk 
npeAMOTa, ho rba ie Aouija ao thx MecTa sRAOJia te j^tk 
Taao MOMa nnRaRee eoAe. -^ BasAyuiHH jihrobh BBl>aijr ce 
B Ha Mopjr Ha epjo thxom BpeMeny. 



4 y r A. 

/fifea ce onawa, Ka^ npoMaTpas hmb npe^ co6om 
KHUiHH o^aaK, a 3a co6om cyni^e. y tom cayiaiy cyn- 
HaHH apai^H o^CHiaiy ce (pe*aeKTyiy ce) Hecamo q^ 
noBpuiHia KHUiHHX uaniA>Ht;a j neb h y H»HxoBoi yny- 
rpaiuHiOCTH. H 04 OHHX 3paKOBa uiTO y rante iCHiuHe 
KanjbHi^e npo^npy , na ce xy npeaaiiiaiy h qnex Ha- 
Tpar o^Sniaiy , nocraie Ay^a Kao uiapa , y Koioi ce 
npejiHsaiy CBe 6oie CBeTaocTH y npyrama, oa kqIhx 
ie jby6H«iacTa oa^o, a i^paeHa oaro. 



CbET.^H BEHAI]l, H.^H ROJIO OKO CyHI^A, OKO 
MBCEl^A H OKO dBEa4A, 

KaA iea6via*iHo Bpeme BHAe ce noHCKaA oko cyHi^a 
H^iH OKO Merei^a, Kao h oko noHemix SBesA^? seta^u u^u 
Ko^a. y KOiitx cp npe^HBaiy onaKse 6oie Kao y f^yve. 



23 



HiMXOB nocTidHaK ocHasa ce hb npe^amaiby cBeT.«ocTH 
y CHTUHM BO^^eHHM AieypHhHMa Han .te^eiiHij^HMa, jjito 
no aTMOC4^epH ae6/(e. 



B. T (» n .1 o T a, 

§. «o. 

ToFMora ce o^iacibaBa nao noeuweuo nonperathe 
aroMo (naicHTHHiux cacTaBHHx ^eaosa) y CTBapn. 
Kao TaKBo noKpeTaH>e TOJijioTa ce yKasyie : 

1) Ha ocHoey xeMucuaa npuBAanetha^ ica^ ce pa- 
3ne npaTBapice cie^HitaBaiy. Oxy^ ^oaaaH h. np. to- 
naora y opraHH^Kom xeay (y kom ce xeMucise npa- 
TBapKe jienpecraHO cle^i&aBaiy), isao h Ton^ipxa Koia 
ce paaBHia npn ropeity reaa (na^ ce kmchmk c yrjber 

HHKOM H BO^^HHKOM Cie^HlbaBa), H T. JI. 

2) Had ce creapu iedna o dpyey ropy uau ydapaiy, 
TaKo CMO Hanpe^ BH^ejiH^ isaKo Ton.iora (isao h csex- 
aocx) nocxaie 04 xpeiba cynsaHe aTMOC*epe o cbcx- 
cim Baa^yx; tano ;^hb,^hi^h xapeibeM aP^b o aP^^ 
npase Baxpy ; xano ce KOBanieiii, BpxeiBejM, ^ymeibeiii 
H X. 4. npaBH xonaoxa. 

3) Touaoxa ce paasHia h ya ceeTJiocr^ a ya cac- 
HTpuHy^ H yo5uixe npu CBaKoi MexanuHKoi h xejHUHKoi 
pa^ftH, Kao H CBexaocx. 

4) Ha ocHoey npouawafha, Ka^ ce ie;^Ha xoHica 
Haw ie^Ha cxpaua cxsapK 3arpeie: OH^a ce cxaite xo- 
naoxe o^ xe aarpeiane xoHKe, wa^ cxpane, npoHocii 
Kpo3 cBy cxaap , ^oKae cse ibeiie xo4Ke Henocxany 
ie^^Haifio xonae. TaKo ucxo h Ka/^ ie^^^iia cxsap, Koia 
ce Beh uaaasH y. xonaoxa,. (aa uoiy ce name , ;^a ie 
TOfiAo) ;^ote y . v^o^iip ca ^'^pyrom cxsapn uoia iiiiie 
xon^ia : OH^a ce cxaii^e xonae cxaapu npoHOcn h Kpo3 



24 



APyry CTBap, CBe o^ tomkc ^o TOiKe. ^oR.te c6 o5e 
Te cTBapH Heii3ie^HaHe y toh^oth. lla h • nsi^ ^bc 
cTBapH Heie^HaKe Tonaore ^ofey y ^o^^np, ra^^a ce o^ 
one niTO ie ronauia npouocii BiiiiiaK xon^OTe npoa 
APyry CTBap, ^OK.ie ce o6e y xon-ioTH HeHaie^naHe. 

TIpoiiamaH>e ronjioTe nma cBoiy Meby, Kao mro 
H CTBapii icpoa Koie ce ronaoTa npoHocH uMaiy cBoiy 
npocTopniy. 

y cBOMe nponauiaiby Rpo3 pasna Te.ia Ton.tora 
no^aeM€H npoMeHama icao h CBeTJiocT. 

Kpo3 reaa, y icotHMacy aTOMR y ie^HOM npaBi^y 
HapebaHH, xonjioTa ce pacnpocTHpe y DpaBHM ^huh- 
iaMd, Koie ce aoBy apat^u TonJiore ^ h Koie no^aeMce 
HCTHM aaKOHHMa KoiHMa no^^ieHce h spai^H cBeraocTH; 
a Kpo3 Teaa y KoiHMa cy aroMH y pasHHM npaBi^HMa 
iiacjiaraHH, cHjia xon^ioxe c.ia()H ce CBaKOni hobomfo- 
MH^Hi^OM H^H caoieM axoMa^ Kao luxo CMO xo icaBa^H 

H 3a CBCXJIOCX y §§. 8. H 9. 



§. 21. 

Ma KaKo xon^ioxa nocxajia, ona noKasyie ie^?^Ha- 
Ke 3HaKe. O^ xhx 3HaROBa HaiBHuie na^a y omh pa- 
creaaihe creapu. To y!^oaa3H oxy^a, mxo ce xonaoxa 
cacxoiH y noBHuieHom noiipexaifcy axoMa (naicHxiiH- 
inx cacxaBHHx ;^ejioBa y cxBapH). ^a ce xh axoMit hh 
y oChmhom cxaifcy cxBapH He^o^npyiy ^ BeJi ^a cy y 
iieKOM o^cxoiaiby ie^an 04 ^pyror , xo ce ^OKasyie 
OBHM : mxo ce cxBapn Mory 36iiiaxH ua Maity npo- 
cxopniy ; mxo ce paane xchhocxh, hb^ ce ciwemaiy, 
ysaiMHO npo^uiaiy ; mxo xBp/^a xeaa ynaiaiy xe*iHo- 
cxH H racoBe. IIocxaBH-aH ce ^aiMe ie^na cxBap y 
xonjio cxaite, x. i. nacxaHe-jiH noBHrneno nonpexaibe 
ifceHHX axoMa : OH^^a ce obh pasiwii^iy ^a^e ie/^an o^ 
^pyror, h cse ;^ajbe, mxb ie snaxKHie HiHxobo noKpe- 



25 

Tdibe. A lUTO ce ^a^e axoMH y iefliioi CTsapH ie/^an 
04 ^pyrof pasMii^ry, thm 'sHaTHitie ce Mopa pacreaaTH 
npocTopnia xe cTBapH, thm aaSaBitia nocxaie h ceeaa 
axoMa , Roia ce ocHHBa na hihxobom cBoicTBy ^a tie 
yaaiMHo npaaiiaMe (noMeiw ce to npneaa^eibe 3(Jor 
Ma.ieiUHOCTH aTOMa camo na HesHarHy ^a^bHHy npo- 
cTHpe). H saiHCTa mii BH^HMo/^a ce cTBapH cbc 3Ha- 
THHie pacTCHcy iuto cy Tron.ime, h ^a ce thw pacxe- 
saibeM CBe SRaTHiiie .laCasH ibHxoB cruair , Tano , ^a 
ce Hainocie (HSBecHOM mepoM TOit^oTc) h came cxsa- 
pH npoMeny, hah pa3ope. t. i. TBp^e cxaapH vlau ce 
npeae/^y y TenHocTw, a tc^ihoctm y racose (h. n. Ae^ 
y BO^y , a BO^a y napy), hah ce one xcmhckm pa- 
CTBope. - 

§. iz: 

PacTeaaite CTBapH uito ^o.iaan 04 Ton.ioTe, c.iy- 
Hui icao cpe^CTBO aa mepefte TonaoTe. 

Ha TOM ocHOBy y^emaBa ce TaKOHaaBaniT repjno' 
jnerap (rorutoMep), 

Haio^HHHHlH cy repMOMerpu en oicueoM. 

TaKBH TepMOMCTpH cacToie ce h3 ie^^He cTaK.iene 
i^eBH, Koia ie o^HHtio oico 6 — 10 najiai^a ^yrasicji, 11 rcoioi 
ie ynyTpainiba iiiynj»iiHa y3aHa Kao HrJia, ajH ie cbom 
^ymuHOM i;eBH Ha cBHMa Mecrniita le/^HaKe mnpHHe* 
Ta neB Ha^ynaHd ie Ha le^iiOM icpaiy y Kyr.iHuy (TaKO 
^a HMa 06.1HK HaTerHne). HcTa Kyrjinqa nanyHH ce 
MHCTOM 3KHBOM, na oii/^a ce sarpeie. Sarpeiana suHBa 
pacTCHce ce Kpo3 csy neB, a Ka^ /^OTcpa 40 OTBopenor 
Kpaia i;eBH : i\eB ce na tom Kpaiy 3aTonH Tano, ^a 
y ttoi ocTJane caMa mHBa 6e3 Baa^yxa. TIouito ce raiio 
aaTonjbeiia nen nocTaBH na otfliHHy xonaOTy, »mBa ce 
y iboi oneTCBe^ena Maibe npocTopnie, n.np. nsl Tpe!i«Hy 
H.iH leTBpTiiHy uiynjbHHe i^eBu. none!ia-jiH ceTOii.iOTa 
na Mecry, r^e ce ie^aH Tanas fepMOMCTap Hd^asH, 



t6 



OB^ HfiiiBa.y i^BH oner, y buc H^e; nonycry-^iH to- 
n;iOTa, ona ce ouqt ^o.ie cAeme^ cnyiuba. Ka^ ce skhssl 
y TepittoneTpy pacraMce, y bhc neme: OH^a ce Kame: 
Tonuora pacru ; a Ka^^ ce. oiia CKyn^a^ Hiime cjiense : 
oir^a ce KaaKe : ronAora nada. — ^a (Sh ce pacreaaibe 
H cicyiuban^e, no^ii3aif>e h caeraibe SKHse y Tepmo- 
Merpy h SpoieH o3Ha*iirrH MOrjio, no^^e.iH ce TepiMO- 
MerepcKa ^^ee na iednane dcAoee — creneue* To no^e- 
jheihe HaaHBa ce cnaAa (jnepuAo) h y^eiuasa ce oBaKo : 

1) JleA ce TonH CBar^a ua ie;^itaKoi toiuioth. 
Ka^ ce A^Kae TepMOMCTap rypu y jie^ koih ce 04- 
icpaa^yie, OH^a ce rnuBa y qeBH caeBfie, ^QKae Heaa- 
eraiie na ie/^Hoi tohkh, 04 voie HHme Hen^e, Ta tohrb 
o3Ha4ti ce ie^HOM nepTHu^oM, isao roHua odKpaeA^ueatha 
Jtedoj HAu Kao roHKa cjie^ueatha (iep ce Bo^a CMpaaBa 
Ha HCToi TOSBH^ o^ koIb ce jie^ o^Kpasjbyie). 

1^) II04 ie^fiaKHM npBTHCKOM Baa^yxa h y ie^na- 
ju>u cy^y BO^a BJbyna . csar^a ua ie^Hoi hctoI Mepn 
Ton.iOTe. Ka^ ce ^aujie y. napy 04 icjby»iaiyhe BO^e 
Typw rep/^QMeTap xaKO , ^a iberoBa Kyr^nu^a ^o^Hpa 
noBpiiinie BO^e , a ocra^H le ^eo y napH^ KOta ie 
icao H Kjby^aiylia ao^a apejia ; 0114a ce ^bbb neibe 
40 Heue TO'jKe, na ry aacraHe, Ta TO*iKa o3Ha4H ce 
raKobe MepTHHOM, uao t^qhk($ Kj,yyafha {uyeat^a). 

IIouiTo ce re A^e xoMice HaanaMe ,. OH^a ohh 
cxen^HM lUTo CToie na^ toikom c.iebHBaiba, iiaaHBaiy 
ce crenenu TonAore h oaHanyiy ce obhm anaKOM : + 5 ^ 
ohh cxeneHH uito cy ncno^ re TO»iKe, aoBy ce ere- 
neuu Aadnohe h o3Ha*fyiy ce obhm anaKOM: — . 

ao4e.ibeH»e TepiiOMeTpa Hwie CBjr^e ieAuaKo. — y 
HeMaMKoi naiotfiimiHiii cy xepMOHeTpH PeoAtupoeu. y thx 
TepMOMerpa ooAe.beuo le mocto Hanel^^ touko c*ie]^BRaH>a 
H K.t>3r4aH>a na 80 pasHHiL 40.10 aa. Toxica (Me^iiBaH>a oana- 
seHa le <^a O, TO«ii(a KAJ*iau>a (Spoleai 80 ; a i^es re ^ean 
H Ha 4a.be creaeHe, saKu Hcno4 O ras') m npeito. 80. — 



w 

V it^»«i|jr4SKoi H HTajmiR , biio h . j najviiiiii nocjiesjHui, 
yooTpe^A^rle oe HaUeuiiie- ifejisuycoe («jiii.AecevMaii) 
TepMOMerap. Ty ie MecTO naiie^j tomko 04e^«»aif»a r 
TOMce uAyntobA oo^e.^eno iia 100 ieAHaanx Aejioaa; To«iaa 
K»t»y<iaiba oanaiesa ie tfpoieN 100, a tohm^ cjie^Msafba 
ea O. Ae.t»eifoe repNOiieTepcKe mesn sa creneHe npoAJ- 
acaaa re laao rcpoa O, raao ■ opeao 100. — • y Hnr^e- 
cKoi cjyme ce nonalBiiuie ^apeHxair-oBUM TepMOMerpoM. 
^apeiixaiTOBO noAe.t»eibe paa^najte ce oa irpeAiiA}^**^ 
noAe^eusa THMe, tare Ha To«iBii cjie(HiBaH>a ctoh 6poi tt» 
a iia TO«tK« B4>j«taiba 6poi M -f~ ^^ {= Sl^)- 

CreDeHii von^oTe ii.ih .laAiiolie osHa^iyiy ee : no 
PeoMupoeoM T^pttOHerpy ca R (P) : no tfeJisuyr^oBoja 
Tepnoiierpy ca C (U); a noOapeirxaiTOBo« T^pMOMerpy 
ca F (^). 

IIpeBOAeH>e crenena leAnor TOpMOMeTpa j cTenene 
/ipjror TcpnoHeTpa 6MBa osano: 

HoBR 6poi PeoMupoeuap (yreneaa niyeaoAN ee ; y 
ifejisuffcoee npenene, saA ra noBifoacH no ra |; a y ^a*- 
peHxaiTOBPf ano ra novHoacnno ca f na onAa a^A<h><> ^« 

U,ejt3uycoeu creneHB npoHOAe ce y PeoMupoBe^ aBo 
ce A^"" 6^i^\ noMHoacH ca | ; a y ^apeuxairoee , axo ce 
Aa.MH 6poi noHHoasH ca | na oba* ^^ A^Aa Sftii 

^apenxat'TOBu oveneHn npenoAe ce y PeoMupoee^ 
BaA ce OA A*"er 6poia oajsmj 32 , na ce ocTaraa no- 
iiHoacn ca I ; ay ileAmtfcoBe , aso ce oa a*"®i* 6pola 
OAyany S2, na ce ocTaTas noMnoaea ca |. — 

3a CBo iHiBOA^Me npeeoAe H>e yAetucnn cy obm 
ol^paaata: 

Ma Boia 6pot cTenena, Aa peMHCMO n, 6«lie : 
I) «« /r = * H* C= ^|. H» + %tY F 
II) mo e = I H*" A = \\ n« 4- a«) P 
III) H* f* = f {Mfi ~ at) fl = I (h« ~ at)« C. 

Tlo^en ce atRsa na ~~ 4o<> C aa.iel^aea : to re aa 
nepeibe A^*f>"x cTeneua JiaAiioKe ynorpedA^ly TepnuMe- 
Tpa, y Boima na mocto amee paAV iipBepB lunapHTyc 



■v 



tH 



iv»n.tove' dpcrtif TO<i«e fia Botoi ]«iiBa v^iiy-iB, ojjAii piacve^ 
BAifee BBSAJXB* — lo^ui cc pa^Hjio, ^B c^ ita ooBOBj pacre^ 
aaiba TspAifx cTnapfiy nipo«iflTO M^jmaa, opeApyrotoe vep'- 
MOMovpH , aj« ee y TOBe Aoea^ naU BBoro jeiie.fo. 

§.23. 

GreneHit TonaoTe.M Jia^nohe Haaneaiy ce yicy* 
aao : rMtneparffp^L* CBa> paa.tHRa ii3Me(^y TonAOTe .11 
aa^HoKe eacroH ce -y paaoaUHMoi Mepu noicpeTeiba 
aroiia.y crnapH. Kao iuto cmo Kaaajui^ ^a iexonJiOTa 
aoBumeno noKperafte : .raifio womeuo pehu, j^a ie Ai^- 
f^Hoha. enyiureHa^ uah HeBaarHa m€^ noRperaiBa thx 
aTOMa. H auo ce Tonaora, Kao noBHuieno noilpeTaibe 
aroMa, iicnoAaaa paereaaibeM cTBapii: .la^iiohat, nao 
cnymreno noKperafhe aroma^ HcnoAaBB oe o^yn,%m^tM 
(36uiafheM ua mamy apocropuij^} cTBapH. ^ocTaaOM^TO- 
naoTa h aa^^Hoha npe^ieraBAaiy ^se hpothbhocth, Koie 
CAMO mHBi^HMii ocehdTH MOJKetto, a HeMoaKeMO hx to* 

MHO HCItaaQTH. 

Oa^e ie'BBCTOAa 6jatme o^i^cHnuo pmereant^e creapm 
TonAOTOM u 36uiaHe tbuaBoeo AndaohoM, 

y §• ti. RBvajiH^Mo, Aa paoreaaibe TeB^RB evaapB 
AO*ia3M ory^ay iuto oe btomb bb y o<^qHOB craiby crraapB 
HeAO^apjiy , a iiOBHueBBM noBpevaibeM (Ton.tiDlfox) obb 
ce cb« Aa*t>e ^^aoMBMy le^an oa Apyrv<** Ajh le nBTatbe : 
oAByA Aoaaan to, a^ btobii, koIb cc y^aiMiio DpBR4i|«e» 
cToie y rTBapBBa y bbbociiom OACTOiaH>y a Ae^OAiip^^iy ce? 
4aBac ie o6tuTe BH^.f»eiiie, a^ ^^ arroMR y exnapiiBa ya- 
Apwaaaiy oa Mefeyc6(>Hor 'A<>A"P^> AP«e J BseecHol Aa- 
•iiiiHH i'*AaH OA fi^y^o^^ patfHorejtcoJH (uenoKpirHotahy) ^ 
Koia no4*Taie oa Mhmko i axux aaw npoTueno-yfipa^Jbehux 
npfiBJia^ietha, A aaao ce np»Bai; BpRaaaMetba Meiba, pai- 
HH« pe^aifoea b c.iaraii»eB aTOiua y roBBae, to 4e Raaavo 



- r 



y, %^ a.Ccvi). a. 9. n i«.). CnonjOH^Td paaaoTesisa axona 
c,.ao.<ieTRa ie c^a^uai t. i. ona ce M^H>a 004 npHTRCKOM, 
pd^B«iaHeu>eM , jfopTaiueafy « yo6u^e ooaeKuHHM noKpera^ 
ifc^H, aJMi HVMiionjCTii T.a«BQ HOKpeTaibe, OHa ce noBpaba 
y apap (C/rai^. Hn Toiie. ce pCHQi^a eJiacTUHUocr (pacTe- 
3aii>e H oner CKja^afbe) CTaapH. Ho Ta ejacTHqiiOQT Hua 
OBQij wl^yp.ii icaA uHaRBA nospeTaifeie , KaKBiiif ce neiba 
«Taibe paBiipTeH^e aTQMa, npenauiH t> Me^y: pa8H0Te»a 
ocTal^ y u^i^enyyo^ CT^ibj^t.T. L axoMH oci^aij 6jiHase 
adiiieiiH iMH A^^cs pa^MS^Kii^Tii :^.Te4j, Te k obo nocxaie 
CKj'CU^j^o vju pacTerBjTo. Ale^jTuii ■ to HSMeajrTQ cTatbe 
paaHpTefiie,. ^pycaHiUHip . pe^aM>eM. aToua nocTale. o^vmfko 
oaeT cTa.iHo» IfaiaocJie h iiaMeHjTp cxaibe paBROTe»se 
H|ia> cBoljF MQ^^y fia xaA QHasBo iiQBpe.TaH<ea KaMHK ce 
CTatbe paRiioTeaie Meifaa, b tj iiel^y rnpenfatfiu: oH/^a ce 
paBHOTeffia aTOMa eacBHM nopeMefaaBa 11 tojo ce pjujii. 
CTaibe paBHOTOxse^ hjih yaaiMHor b^cToiaiba RaicRTUBiBx 
cacTaBHHx A^jiOBa y cTRapHMa (aTOMa), cbo,|H ce na oay 
Tpoiaiioov : T§pdoiiA^ TennmcT h Hic (n^tp^). Ra^ ie hcth 
6poi.aTOiia sftniea^ iia aatbe npoeropHle, WkVxoBa ie m^^ 
JiBHa qBptiiJia (ryuifca), nero miiA ie Tai 'dpol ovowa Ba 
BHiBe npocTopiiie paaMaKB^T. y repdoM cfrsapsMa aroMii 
cy ryiuhe sGiiieHH nero y TeHUocTUMOy a y TennocTRMa 
ryuihe Hero y aacoeujna Baro h iecy xapAo CTsapH 
uepcte u eycje^ tohhocth cy otcuruer a racoRH pednu, y 
TBpARN CTRapHMa^ axoMH ce iane npHB«ia<ie^ iep cy ohh 
xy 6AHmH ie^an Apyroue ; y TeMHocTBua npHRjaqe ce ohh 
C4a((T]ie, fl y racoBHMa Haic«ia6Hie, noMCM cy orb y tc- 
qnocTRHa i^SiJbn^ a y racoBRMa ioin Aa.f>H leAau o^ APJ' 
ror* C Tora ce h y ia«ioi cseart Ap»e' aTOMH y TBpARH, 
a y ^a6aBBioi y TeqHHRr, h y Haija5aBBtol y racoRRTnw 
cTBapHNa. 

Caa Ta CTaiba paBHoreMce, bjih yaalMHor oACToiaiba 
aTOMa orjcAaly ce na TorsAUJH h AadnuM cTRapHMa. To- 
h.tOTOM, Rao noRRiueHRM noRpeTaibev, paRHOTexca aTOva 
cae ce SHaTHRie noxpeca r Meiba ; dTOMN ce CRe A^-^^ 



so 



paaMNHj ie^an oa Apyror, Te h khkobo jaalMHo npRBja- 
■leibe nocrale cse CMa6Hie, a c ruu n ffcuxosa jaalHHa 
eseast cae uaiSaftHia. Taio ce TonjoroM vap^e cveapH 
Rainpe paeresKy^ na sainocjie aa Top^or y Teiitfo, a aa 
Te<iNor y racoaaTO CTaB>e npcao^e. H o($paTBO paaJia- 
^aaaifaea, itao nonyuiTau>eM nOBaiuenor noepeTaiiia, ra- 
ooBB re crycEfaaaaiy y reqaocTa, TequocTa ce 35aiaij y 
TBpAe CTBapa (cjie^yly ce), a pacxerayxe xap^e cxaapa 
oner ce cKynj>aly (aderaaaiy). Taao ce [xanjioTa npe^- 
craaviia sao pacreaatbe, aca^eibe a pe^eif>e, a ^a^aoha aao 
CKyn.f>aii>ey a5aiaifoe a crycEbaaaube craapa. Ho xa^ TonjioTa, 
aao noaaiiieHO noapeTaibey npeaauia aepy y aoioi ce pa* 
aao Toaca aroaa aeH>a : paaHOTeasa ce Ta cacaaa nopeae- 
^aaa. H Tasti aa aa^aMO , ^a ce CTaapa Ton.iOTOM aal- 
nocj^e cna.f^yly -i- pacraapaly. 

§. 84. 

TonAOTa Koiy na aeMj^H ocetiaMO ^ojiaan 04 
Tpeiba cyHHaiie aTMOc«epe ca caeTcaMM saa^yxoM, Kao 
lUTQ eMO aanpe^ HanoMeHy.tH, h ory^ ce spoa Hauiy 
aTMOc^epy pacnpocTHpe y npaueaHMa o^ apaaoBa 

TIo OHome , iuto cmo nanpe/^ Kaa^an o npona- 
uiai&y H pacnpocTHpaiby dpaKoaa , Tonjtora ce Jtopa 
eee iane oceAaru, utro ujta euute spauoea u utro dyjtce 
6e3 npecTOHKa oeu rpaiy. 

Ha ocHoay TOMe aaico le oCfiacHHTH : sntuTo ce 
Tejnneparypa arjnoc^epe necajno npeno eoduue , eeh u 
npeno dan' jnetha; uao u saturo ie ona na paauuM toh- 
Knjna aejtj^e pasAUHHo. 

§. 25. 

Ilpe csera .laa ce , KaKO ce aeMjba o6phe oao 
ceCe u OKO cyana. 



31 

y o6pTaif>y OKO cede 3eMJt»a csaKOM csoioM to«i- 
KOH ii3Jia3ii iia cyHne, na onex ce o/^npefce o^ ibera; 

'^ H.IH Kao iQTO ce y oChhhom HSHBory icasKe : cyHne re 

Ha cBaKol TOf KH 3^MJbe paHa h 3dJia3H. Bpeme sa Koie 
ce cynqe nenpeKH^HO na neCy bm^h ca \e^H\>t Hcre 

*' TOSKe 3eM.<>e, HasHBa ce dan , a speiwe 3a Koie ie xa 

$ TOHKa o^ cyiii^a o^HpeHyTa, 30Be ce nok. 4^iby ce 

\ yKdaKe cynqe Hainpe HHme , na OH/^a ce cse BMiue 

neibe /^OKJie ne^ocne ^o ie^HC HaiBHiue TO*fKe , ca 
Koie oneT CHaasH cbc HHHce /^oK.ie Hdinocjie He3aH^. 
Ka/\ ce cyHne y KdMce, Be^Hnf o ;^a ie iyrpo : ica^ ie 
OHO na HaiBHiiioi tomkh, uasKeiifO fifl. ie nodne; a isa/^ 

f> 3ajia3H^ roBopHMO ^a ie eene, 

IIIto ie HHHse cyHi^e npeMSt Koioi tomkii 3eMjbe: 
THM KOCHie H^^y 3pai^H o^ ibera Ha ry TOMKy ; uito 
ie OHO BHiue hh^ hckom tohkom , thm npaBnie H/^y 

!^ 3pai^H o^ Ibera na xy xOMKy. IUto npasHie 3pai^H na 

Koiy TOHisy /^ojiase : thm ce ciaCnie omh o^GHtaiy h 

> npeaaMaiy , xe hx ce bhuic hA xy xosny cKynjba , a 

mxo ie BHine spaKosa na ie^^Hoi xomkh : xhm iana xy 
H xonaoxa Mopa 6hxh. H oSpax'rib, iiixo Kocnie spai^H 

t ofl cyni^a na Koiy xoMKy ;^ojia3e: thm ce iane ohh 

npewiaMaiy h o/^ffniaiy (b. §. 8.) h yxo.iHKO hx ce MaH»e 
Ha xy T04Ky CKyn^a; a yKo,»ifKO hx MaH>e r/\e Hwa, 

) yrojiHKO ie xy HapasHO h xonjioxa Mai&a. 

^ .Ca,>^ ie jiaifio o6iacHHXH , 3aiuxo ce xaKonasBana 

cyHHana xonjioxa npewo ^an MeH>a. lyxpoM h BeHeposf, 

^ Ka/\ cyHne HH»fie cxoh, M/\y BpJio i«oco spai^H ofl H.era 

Ha 3eMjby ; y no/^ne ;^ojia3e"'OHH cKopo npasi^e (o^- 
BccHo) : c Tora ie, no npasH^y, m xon,ioxa o^aCiiia 

' iyxpoM H BesepoMy a iasa y no^ne. 

y 



I 



> 

^ 



26. 



i y CBOMe oSpxaiby oko cym^a^ 3eiiijba HenpecxaHo 

^ MeH>a CBoie mecxo cnpaM cynqa. Ha xoi npoMCHH 



3? 



ocHHBa ce OBo: iiito Ha H3BecHOi tohkh seMJbe uucy 
^aHH H HohH Baa^a ie/\HaKif. seh cse /^yntaiy hah upa- 
naiy, uaKO Ka^ 3eMJba cnpaM cyima ^o.ia3H; h iiito 
H Ha ie^uy ucry ro^ny aemjbe nena^ npaBuie, a Me- 
i«a^ KOCHie w^y apai^H o^ cyHi^a , nao iuto ce Ta 
TOHKa /\OMHHe cyHi\y h.ih o^Muie o/^ H>era. Ha Heie^^ua- 
KocTH /^ana H Ha neie^HaKOCTu npani^a KoinM /^o.iaae 
3pai)H o^ cjHi^a y paana speMena, ocHHBaiy ce ko^ 
Hac rjiaBHe npoMene xeMnepaxype npeno fo/^hhc , a 
HMeno : npoAehe^ JierOj iecen h aujna. 

Ta Heie^naKOCT TeMiiepaxype o6iaciLaBa ce OBa- 
KO : IIIto ie Koia To^na acMjbe /^a^a o^ cynna: thm 
HecaMO lUTO npaBHie H,^y 3pa^H o^ cynr^a na xy 
TO^iffiy, Beh XHM cy xy h ^aHH ^ymn^ a hoJih npahe ; 
H oCpaxHO. 

Hanpe^ cmo BH^ean, ko^hko ie iana xonJioxa 
OHfle, r^e 3paitH o^ cyHna npaBHie ^oaa3e. Ocxaie 
nam iom ^a bh/^hmo, Katcas noc^e^aK Hitia /^yacHna ^ana. 

3eM;ba fie3a^p3KaBa cxajino xon.ioxy5 luxo ioi ce 
npHo6uixaBa spai^Hnia o^ cyHij;a, Beh ie, no sanony 
npoHamafta, npuoSfiixaBa Bas^yxy, isoiu ie, itao pba- 
BHiH TonaoHoma , Ba3^a .la^HHin o^ noBpiunia H>e- 
Hor. ycAe^^ xora $ xonaoxa ce Mosne pa3BHiaTK 
Ha 3eM;bH caMO ^oxae , ^oicae ioi. npH^oaa3e spai^H 
o^ cynqa. MefeyxHw, Hohy 3eMJE>a camo ryCu ony xo- 
naoxy Koiy npewo ^an npHMH, a He/^oCnia hh o/^Ky^ 
Hauna^y saxo. H aancxa mu onaasaMO, ^a ie xon^ioxa 
cse HHSKa o^ 3aaa3Ka na ^o H3aa3Ka cyHi;a. 

^aujie, mxo cy ^yaise nohn a icpaJiH ^ann Ha ie- 
^Hoi xosKM 3eMjbe : xhm ie na xoi xohkh o^hocuo 
MaH>e npHMaH>e a aehe H3^aBaHie xonjioxe ; mxo cy 
/^ysKu ^aHH, a icpahe hoIih : xhm ie Behe npHMau>e a 
Maihe Ha^aBaH>e xon.ioxe. C xora ie y npBOM cjiynaiy 
xeivinepaxypa cBe HHHca, a y noc^e^fteiw cjiynaiy cne 
BHina. y Hac cy h. np. aexH ^ann ^yH«H, h 3pai4H o^'^ 
cynqa H/^y npasHie ; a 3hmh cy ^ann npahii h apai^n 



33 

o^ cyHi^a kochIh; na ie y nac h TeMfneparypa ^exu 

§. 27. 

Ilope/^ Tora, iuto ce 3Ha , ^a ee aeiwjba o(JpJie 
OKO ce6e m oko cyni^a, no3HaTO ie ioiu h obo : /^a 
ie OHa oKpi/eAa^ a na nOAycuMa n^taro drufhena^ h ^a 
ie Ha cBoioi erasH oko cyHi^a koco noAooiceHa. 

36or raKor o6jHKa h no^o»iaia 3eMJbe, Heiwory 
CB© iLeHe TOHKe y hcto apeMe ie/^naKO cnpam cyni^a 
CTaiaxH ; neh cy ie^iie 6*iH»{e cyHny, a APy^^ ^y A^^- 
jbe OA ibera , ie^He cy ^y^^ iiaaoweHe iienpeRHAHOM 
yTHf^aiy .-ipaKOsa o^ eyima, a Ha^ APyrHwa ce cynne 
3a iipahe Bpeme yKaayie. 3aTO h one npoMene y ^y^inxi' 
HH AANa H y npaai^y spaROBa o^ cyni^a HHcy ie^HaKe ua 
cBuma TO^fRAMa seMjbe, aeh cy paa.iHHHe na pa3HHM 
niecTHMa. 

ycae^ CBera naBeAeiior cyHsana Tonjiora neie- 
AHaKO ie no^eAeHa na noBpiUHiy sewjbC, raRO p^^ ce 
Ha Tome pa34HKyiy noraaaHTO obhx nex npyroaa: 

iedau atcapuu noiac^ 
dea yMepeua noiaca^ u 
dea Aadna noiaca> 

IIoMeN ce aeN.i>a oio €e6e o^pkc, to ce aaMoiifjba 
Kpoa HseH^r cpeAHHj ie^Ha npaaa ^attHia aao ocoaitaa, oko 
Koie TO o6pTaibe dasa. Ta 3aMHui.f»e8a .iHHiiia Haaana 
ce aeMj»uua ocoewia. Kpalac Tonne aaMHia.i>ette acM.4>H- 
ae ocoaaae aaaaaaiy ce noaycu (ceeepmt u iyatcan no- 
Aye), loiu ce 3aMNui.4>aiy obo noepiuHia oap^rje 3ea.f>e 
cae caae jiMHHie lao apyfoaa. HaliuHpa apyr aoia ona- 
c}ie 8ea.bj no vf^ef^uwu -^ y ieAaavoi Aa*«>aaa oa o6aAa>iy 
nojjca — Ha3Haa ce paeuureA* (eK^arop) , l«p ce ibaaQ 

rjiacHHR XVII. 3 



34 



^ejiH 3eif.4>a ha jn,Be pABite nojosnue: aa lyatcuy una ce- 
eepny nojioHuuy, — PaBHHTe.i> ce A^-*" ua aeo ie^uasHK 
Aejioea, koIh cc naaHBai^^ crenenu, CeaKH Tai CTcneH na- 
HOPH 13 MHjba. HaMe^y cBaxa ^aa CTenena 3aMHiu.i>a ce 
no ie^an xpyr, npoRyweii Rpo3 o6a nojiyca , xaKo a^ ^'^ 
3eM.i>a onacvie thm RpyroBHMa ys^ym, Kao o6pyHHMa koIh ii^y 
yHaspcT paBH«Te.i>y. Th Kpyroaa, RoinHa ce Tasopehn 
jHaitpcT npeceua paBHHTe.i> h roIh ce npoBJiawe Rpoa 
nciyce, nasHBaiy ce JHepuduinnu* H>jix una caera 1§0, 
noneii ce ohh 3aiiHUi.i>aiy uaiie^y caaRa A^a cTeaena pa- 
BHHTe4>a, a paBiiHTe^b uMa Rao uito peRO£?iio 360 crenena. 
Bpoieibe MepHAHiaHa Nopa ce o^i^o^ieTH Ha aeRoi onpe- 
A^.^eiioi TOHRH. TaRO ey rpMRH ^eorpa4>B^ aamflUJ^ba^H np- 
m jnepuduiau npeRo ^eppo-a , ieAuor oa RaiiapcRMx 
QCTpoBa Ha ar^aHTjCROM Nopy , na saoaAVOM n{)BMopiy 
A4>pHRe, iia cy oTyA pocjie 6poiHaB Aa.t»e MepRAHidne. 
To cy rpHRH ^eorpa«H qamMn c Tora , uiTo ey m«cjihjih^ 
Aa ie ocTpoao 4>eppo 6Hao Rpaitba Tousa CBeTa. Ajih a^* 
HaiuH»H ]^eorpa4»H 3aMHUj.i>aiy caoi npan MepHAHian npeRO 
raaBue TOHRe opouaTpaiba y CBoioi 3eM.i>Hi Ha np. y Hr- 
raecRoi 3aMRiu.t>a ce npBH NepBAHiaH npeRO FpHHyHMa ; 
y <E»paHi;ycRoi npeRO IIap«9a ; y AMepiii^B npeRo yauiBHr- 
Tona H T. A* Crh cy MepnAHiaHB, iiapaBHO, leAnaRe Be.iH- 
MHHe OACT0iaH>e icAHor McpHAHlaHa oa fl3a5paHor npRor 
MepHAHiana Haaiiaa ce H>eroBa Ay>KRHa. Ta aj^hh^ c.i>h;h 
aa 03HaMeH>e no.ioataia leAHor mecTa Ha noapuiHiy 3eM.be* 
A.1H TOM Ay^HHOM caMO ce o3HaMaBa oACToiaH>e oa npaor 
MepflAHiaHa a He h OACToiaH>e oa paaHHTe.ba. 3a Mepy 
OAOToiaif>8 OA paRHBTe.fi>a cayacn noAe.beifee npnor Mepa- 
AHiaua na.ao paaHHx A6**OBa ca o6e CTpane paBHRTCba^ 
T.. ie» Ha GBaaoi hojoonhh aeM^be.^ Th a^-^obh naaBuaiy 
ce crenBHU. mupuue. Vizne^iy TaRSHx CT^nena uiHpHHe aa- 
M«in./baly ce Rpyrosn , Koia nopnAeJino (nnnopedo) ca 
pa»HHT8.i>eM onacyiy aew.by. Th npyroBH HasHiiaiy ce na- 
paACAHu (aanopeAHfl) a/7ya(70z/ (a morjiH 6h ce saaTH n 
nonpeHHU^ aa paajaay oa MepHAHlaaa Rao Rpyroaa ysdyotcy 



3ft 



IlApa;ie4HH BpyronH aapasnooiie cy jMm uito cj 6^HysR 
nojiyoy, a cBe uinpfl. uito oy Cjuhmh pasHHTe.i^, — >Oacto- 
iaibe 04 p»RHiiTej>a vaaHsa ce ^eoepa^uena utupuua. ^ep- 
rpa^Hoia uiRpHHO fliiBAn ce Ha iyo§cfiy u ua ceeepny, Kao 
UITO ee n 3eM4>a a<)««h HaiywHy h iia ceeepny nojiORHHy.-^ 
Oiiai noiae a«if»i>e , uito o6yxBaTa caNor panHHTeAa^ na 
ee npeKo Tora h ca iyasne h ca ceaepiie cxpaHO npo« 
CTHpe Ao taV^ CTenoiia , Haanaa ce ofcapnu (rponucKu) 
noiaOf ^a HtapaHii noiacou ^o^aae dea yMepiua aoiaca^ 
04 Bo'iHx ce CBa«H, ieAdH iia iyasHoi a APJrii na ceeepBoi 
QoaoaiiHB 3eii.f>e, mnpn OA t^% fia a^^^Vs CTenena. 
& yMepeHBM ooiacRiia h,qa9a^ uaiaoojie a^a JUkdna no* 
inua 9 leAaa na lyaBHoi, a APy^H ha coBepiiol noJiOMiiiii 
aeji.4xe; h cbbkb ce npocTspe oa 6g'/^ CTonena na a<^ no- 
•lyca. ysynna ujRpvBa Kapisor noiaca hshocb s., jifi«iHOHa 
BBaAPSTBHx MB.i>a; uiHpBBa o6aABaiyx yuepeiiflx Boiaca 
B3HOCB yKynBO 4.g BBi^BOHa BB. M.; a uiHpHita odaABsly 
^aAHBx uolaea bshocb o.^ MBjiBOBa kb. MB.ba. 



§.28. 

HaA caaKHiii MtecTOM oteapuoa naiaca bhah ce cyHu^e 
y noAHe no ^na nyTa npeKO ro^HHe na senury (hba 
Teiiieiioiif cToietier sOBeKa) xaKo, ^st xafla na tori me- 
cry cyHHaHH dpa^H npasi^ei (oAeecno) Ha senijby na- 
Aaiy. Caino na rpaHHi^ama mapKor noiaca bm^h ce 
cyn^e Ha aeHMTy ieABH nyxy roAHHH. y ocra^OM no^O'- 
mai xsapKor noiaca npewa cyui^y hukba ^^ neiieiba 
TOJiHKO , A^ cyHMaHH apaqH He6H npasi^e iaam cuopo 
npBBi^e HB Tai noiac naA^aH ; kbo uh tojihko, a^ ^^ 
ry MOVAO 6hth, BNaTHniKx npomena y AysKHHH ^^hsl. 
Taifio HB paBiifiTejby xpaie a®" npewo ufiAe roA^Be 
110 12 caxaxa^ na to«/ihho xpaie tbmo h Hoh. Dpena 
yMepeHHM noiacHnia nonaByiy ce nex^ npoMene y 
AyaKHHH ^aw9L^ ajiH cy one tbho HeaMaxHe a9 ^^ ^^ 

3* 



3d 



caMoi rpaiiHi^H »6apKor noia<*a Hai^ynin ^an Herpftie 
BHiiie f}^ 13 oaxara. H raKo ce mapKH noiac o^h- 
isyie iaKOM CTBer^ocTH h bhcokom TeMneparypoM Koia 
ce y xenaiy ra/^ifne spao HeawafHo Meiba. Tamo oe 
pa3.iHrtyiy oajno ^Ba ro/^Kuii&a upeivieHa : cymno uau 
jicnpno^ K Kumoeuro eoSutifHke epejne, KHuiOBifTO Bpeiwe 
iiacraie npe/^uiTO he ce cyHne y no/^we na seHMry 
BH/^eTH H o^BecHH 3pai^it 3arpo3KTH /^a ciiajie cBen' 
pacTHiba. Khuiobhto speMe rpaie no HeiiCYHKo Me*- 
ceivH, a*iM H y tow BpeMeny KHuia npecraie no itoiM 
caxar, na h no iieKo.iHiso /^aua. y KituiOBifro Bpeiwe 
HasyKy ce wa iieCo rycrn, ii[pHH o6aai^ir, h3 koIhx, ce 
fiHiua (nasBana rponucna nuuia) r«ao h3 iiafi^a HSjiHsa; 
ocuM Tora, h ojiyie h opnaHH cifjiHO Cecne, xe cBe to 
yniacasa ^y^^ « ;KirBOTHH>y, Ajih Kfto ^a ce ismnoBii- 
THM BpemefiOM no^M.iabyi6 npnpo^a. iep Him OHonpo^e. 
o^Ma 09KHBH no nojby Cyiiio h rycro pacTHii>e. 

y yjnepeuuM noiacujna cyHne ce Hiir/^a iim iia/^ ie- 
;^HHM MecTOM HeBH/^u Ha caMOM 3ennTy . a.iii ce oho 
OKO noaoBHHe ie^Hor otipe/^ejbeHOr ^ana y to/^hkh 
THM ^ajbe o/^\faKiie o^ deniTTa ie/^Hor mecxa . iuto ie 
TO itiecTO o/^ paBHHTejba /^ajbe. ^yHuina ^ana pacTH 
Ha ceBepHOw yjnepenoM noiacy o/v 21. (9.) IVlapTa, ita/^ 
ie /\y»mHa /^ana paBHa ^yniMHH Hohu. na /^o 21. (9.) ly- 
HHia, Ka^ ie ^an nai^yncH. Ilocae rora , /^aH ie CBe 
KpahH, 21. (9.) CenxeMBpa no T^pyrn wyt Ie ^ysKHna 
^aHa paBua ^ysKHHH HohH, a 21. (9.) /^eKeM6pa ^aH ie 
HaiKpahH.- Ha iyauiiOM yiviepenoM noiaoy pacTH ^yauHHa 
/^aHa y o«o ppewe , Ka^ oiia na cesepHOM yMepenow 
noiacy ona/^a. — lIpoMene ,y /^yHmnK /^ana na ywepe- 
HHM noiacHiiia CBe cy snaTHHie^ hito ie Koie Mec*ro o^ 
paBHHTeAa /^ajbe. Taiso Ha rpaiiHi^i yniepeHnx noiaca 
npeiua ncapKOM noiacy ^ xa npoiviena h3hocu caMO ue- 



37 



uiTo BHUie o^ le^j^Hor caKara ; a Ha rpaHHi^H yMepe- 
HHX noiaca npenia aa^HHM noiacHMa rpaie nai* 
^y^ui ^aH 2A eaxara , Kao uito raMO to.ihko xpaie h 
Nai^yMca hx^L Ha ocTaJiHM- mecTHMa yMepeHHK noia* 
ca Hai/^ymH ^au, Kao ii Hai^yaca uoYt rpaie niaibe o;^ 
24. a ^yme o/i, 13 caxara. yc.ie/| SHarHux npOMena y 
^^yHswtiH /^aHa. npOAieHa y bhchhh cyiix^a h y npasi^y 
apaKosa iuto o^ cyHna H^y : aiiaTHO ce Meii»a y yiwe- 
peiiHH noiacHMa h xeMneparypa. Ha ocHOsy cnoMe- 
HyTHX npoMena paaaHKyiy ce y yMepeHHM noiaceBHiva 
MBTHpH ro/|Hmf&a BpeMeHa : npojteAe, Aero. iea^HHSHMa, 
y lyMHOM yMepeHOM noiacy nacraie npoaehe OH^a, 
Ka^ y ceBepHOM ieceH o^no^Hibe^ a .lero OH^a, hb^ y 
ceBepHOM 3HHa HacTaie. E^nay sKapKor noiaea TeM^ 
neparypa ce ioiu neaHaTHO Mena, c Tora ie raMO aii^ 
ma Bpao KpaTisa h ynpaso ce Tamo » neana hh aa 
Kai€By cypOBy SHiwy, Beh ce ana cawo aa raKee ^ane, 
KaKBH cy Ko^ H»c o6h4ho y npo.iefie ii y iecew 5 a.iH 
iUTO ce ^ajbe o^ wapicor noiaca (04 paBHHTOJba) H^e, 
GBe oe aHaTHHie meHba xeMneparypa, CBe ie^yaca auMa, 
H cBe ce iacHHie paa.iHHyiy ^textrpH ro^'^Huiiba BpeiweHa, 
B.tRay .la^HHX noiaca ^exo ie Bp.io KpaxKO, h xeit 
3&or ^^ywHHe ^awa pasBHia ce vsmo ioiic Heua xo- 
n.ioxa, nope^ Koie caMO newo pacxHH>e ycneaaxH mo- 
3Ke. — y yiwepeft^iw noiacHMa /^e.iH ce ro,^HHa no 
npoMenaMa xemnepaxype xauo , ,^a Haixon.iHin Mecei:^ 
^^oaasH ycpe^^ aexa. a Hai^a^HHin ycpe/^ aniie. Ha ce- 
aepHOM ymepeBOin noiacy, r/^e k mii mihbhmo, aniHa 
o^yxBaxa : /fene^tfap^ Lnuyap 11 0e6pyap; npo.iehe: 
HiapT^ ^npujiu h Mai; Jiexo : ^ywi/, by mi h A^eycr ; 
ieceH : CcnreAi&ap^ QKTo6ap h HoeeM^ap. O/^ noAasune 
Lanyapa xewnepaxypa caMO ce naxHxa noBHcyie ; y 
AnpusMy M Maiy noBHcyie ce ona narao. ^oK.ie y ly^tniy 
CBoiy HaiBHiiiy Mepy He^ocxHrne ; aaxHiw ona onex 
na^a ^o Z\\ lanyapa , Ka^ CBoiy HainMHcy wepy ^o- 

CTMJKe. — . . 



38 

$.80. 

y jjodnuM n oiacuMa na/^ cbbkhm mecTOM bh^h 
ce cynqe Ha He5y y speMe ceoie HaisHaTHiiie BHCHHe 
^yme o^ £4 caxara; iuto ce 6aHaKe noAycHMa ^oaa- 
3H, OHO ce cBe «^y3Ke 6e3 npecraHRa ua neCy bh^h, 
TaKO ^a Ha HeKHM MecTHnia no HeROAUKo ne^eXa ne- 
aaaasH , na neKHMa Heaa^asH oho no HexoaHKO Me~ 
ceiJ^H, a Ha caMHM nojiycHMa cnia oho Henpecrano sa 
uiecT Mecei^H ; npeM^a h aa cBy APyy no.ioBHHy ro- 
^irae TaMO Henpecrano rpaie Roh. Ho nope^ ceer 
^yror 'i|>aiaH>a cBor, apai^H ofl, cyHi^a HeiMory pasBHTH 
3HaTHy Tonaory y aa^HiiM noiacHina , a to c Tora, 
uiTO OHH Bpao Koco na^aiy, Kao K04 hbc ua H3MaKy 
ieceHH H y 3HMy, na ce ioiu h necTOM wiar^OM h ry* 
CTHM aa/^HHM Ba3/^yxoM cjiaCe^ rauo ^a cBa Ton^iora 
Koia 04 H>Hx v^oaasH ie/^aa ^ocrnaKe h 3a cbmo upa- 
BJbeifce jie^a. ycae^ rora y aa/^HHM noiacHMa pas- 
aHRyiy ce caMO /^sa ro^Huiiba speMena : epjio omrpa 
u dyeoTpaina aujna^ y Roioi ce na ae^enoM Mopy na* 
roMH«»HBaiy ^irraBa 6p;^a o^ ae^^a , h Kpamo abto en 
HesuaTHOjH TonaoTOjfi^ nope^ Roie ce caMO 6.iH3y ynie- 
peHHX noiaca noneKO pacTHH>e paaBHTH MoaKe. 

§ 31. 

I. 

Ka^ TonaoTa aevHor noBpuinia aaaHCH o^ npasi^a 
3paROBa Roin o;^ cyHi.^a n^^y h 04 ^yiRHHe ^ana : OR^^a 
6h Tpe6aao da cee rouKe uaiedManoi ^eoepa^ucnoi mu- 
puHU UMaiy iednaKy ronjiory^ iep. cy Ha TaRBHM TOMica* 
MB no/^nyHo le^naRe npoMene h y npasi^y peMennx 
3paHOBa H y ^ymHHii ^aua. A.ir h na le^naRoi ^eo« 
rpa4MicRoi iuhphhh noKasyie ce y crsapH aeaHKa pas- 
aaRB y TeMneparypn pasHnx To^aHa. Tbro ie h. np. 
na ceBepHoi nojiosHHH acMJbe yoCiiiTe Tonawie, Hero 
HB iyjRHoi; na ROHTHHCHTy (cTaanoi cysoi aenubn) 



30 



oeBepue no^psHHe- Tonanie le y hctohhhm aeimbaiia 
Hero y sana^HHui Ha ie^uaKoi H6oq>a«HCKoi iuhphhm 
H T. 4. 

O^xy^ Ta paa^HKa ? 

PasJiHHHocT TemnepaType Ha pasHHM TOHxaMa 
ie^He Hcre ^eorpa4»HCRe lUHpHue o6iaciiftaBa ce yspo- 
t^ujta mecrn^ a HMeno : 

1) iUro omcTae u e&JtUK eyse sejNA>e Uuie ceyeie 

2J iifro npocTopuia eode u npocTopuia cy9& ae- 
Mv%e nuey csyede iednauo paaMsp^ue. 

3y IUto u Mopcne orpyie uMaiy yTu^aia ua tbm* 
neparypy. 

4) Ulro cee roMue iednane ^eoepa^ucne utupun^ 
necToie u na ieduau^i aucuHU Had MopcKUM no^pmuiem, 

6) Itiro Ha pasHUjn rouHaJta iednaue j^eoppa^ucne 
mupuHe paaAUHttH eetnp dyea, 

6) Wto cycebua uAUJna Huia ceyade iedHiiua, — 

Mh hemo cBe Te yapoire H36jiHiire npoMoxpHTH. 

§. 38. 

1) HeiedHaKocT cacraea u o6AUHa cyee aeMJ^e. 

Hanpe/^ cwo Kaaa.m, KdKO cea xe.ia HenpoHOce 
ie^Harto Ton^iory , Beh ce y tom nor.ie^y paa.iHKyiy 
^o6pe H pbaae tonaoHome. 

Ta paa.iiiKa orae^^a ce h na cacxaey sewjbe, koih 
KBo uiTO ie noanaTO, Hwie csyr^e le^naK. Taico h. np. 
t^pHut^n^ aenijba y Koioi nwa MHort) tpy.iefeHX opra- 
HHMKHX ocraraKa, aaito ce h 5p30 aarpesa. flecKyma 
H crenoBura aeitf.ika TaKo^e ce 6p30 aarpcBaiy, Ha h 
ttpenoeura aeiifjba aaKO npHMa h npoHOCH Tomiory. C 
Tora ce TaKeaew^be, nao 6ojbe Ton.iOHome A^H»y 5p3o 
H iaKO aarpesaiy, a.iii ce h Hohy gpao h laKO paa.ia- 
tyiy. fiAoeana ce aarpeea reme, Hero cnoiweHyTe 3e- 



40 

Mjbe. yo6arre usMpejhena aen^ba 6pme ce h iane aa* 
rpeBa, Hero nepera Ae^una h«ih seMjba ca KpyoHHM 
6yceHHMa. Ila oii^a y nodeodny seMJby, r^e ce ao^a 
ycTaiaaa h neo/^TH^e ^ajbe, Tonaora MHoro reme npo- 
;^Hpe (b. §. 33.) Hero y oi^dury aeiMjby. Uainocvie, 
senjhe t^pue 6oie npHMaiy 6ojbe ronaory, Hero aenube 
ceeTAe 6oie. To ie nojbonpHape^^HHi^Hiia h3 ncKycTBa 
noanaro. Taxo h. up. 6aiuTOBaHH anaiy , kbko npna 
re.ia HMaiy CBoiy 6oiy ory^ uito no^^nyHnie npHMaiy 
apaKe, na noennaiy npaxoM o^ yr^ena aeinjby, hb ko- 
ioi Heryiy ouaKBO pacTHibe , KOMe Tpe6a ^ocra to- 
n.iore (h. np. Coctbh) ; h.ih npaae ^psene u i^pHe 
nacjiOHe, xe ya ibhx npyHsaiy h npnaeayiy rpaue o^ h3- 
BecHHX BoKana , KoiHuia TBKobB Tpe6a /^ocra Ton.iOTe 
(h. up. rpane o^ KaicHia h 6pecaKa). 

MoryhMocT 3eMa»e ^a ce aarpeie aaBMCu MHoro 
H o^ Tora : ^bmh ie ohb hb cbom noBpiuniy uaea^ 
viJiVL ie pacTUfheM noupueena. Ha roay aenuby ^^o.iaae 
apai^H o;^ cyni^a uenocpe^HO, re ie ia^e aarpesaiy h 
Hacyiiiyiy. ^pyraMnie ie r^e ie aenijba ypab^ua h ry- 
CTHM pacTHibeM aacrpra. Ty apai^H 04 cyHi^a He/\o- 
aaae nenocpe/^Ho na aeMjby, iep ie pacTUH>e aaceibaBa. 
OcHM Tora, pacTHibe ca CBoinM auiulieRr npaBH Miioro 
Behe noBpiuHie , Hero onai ^eo roae aeiwjbe uito ie 
no^ H.HM5 xe ce oho yxoaHKO iane piaaaafeyie, noHe>i 
y /^o^Hpy ca aa^HHiuiii saa^yxoM npHO^iuTaBB tomb 
Toiijiory Ha caanoi tohkh cbof noBpuinia. ^ajbe h3 
muBor pacTHH>a nenpecTano Hcnapaaa a.iara npoa 
uiynAHKe aniuha. (b. §.65. Hayne o cacraey u otcueory 
pacTutha y XVI. FaacHHKy.) Tniwe ce okojihhh CRia- 
H»yie TonaoTB. noneiw ce Ha HcnapasaHie , aaare who- 
ro Tonjioxe rpoiJiH. Hainoc*ie xawie , luxo Kpoa 
CBoie aHiiihe m ae-ieue ^eaoae nenpecxano yaaa'iu y 
ceCe BO^eny iiapy h3 aaa^yxa (b. §. 45. npe^ciiOMe- 
Hyxe HayKe y XVI Ta.) , pacxHifce aa^pwaBa h cry- 
CH>aBa o5aa.Ke, h yiemhaBa Kuiuy, na xHMe h Bo^eHe 



41 



HdBope y oHo.tHBH cMaiKH* yc*ie4 cBera iiaBe4^Hor 
pacTNfffre cmaibyie rewnepatypy Mecra. A.tK c Apy^e 
cTpaHe OHO H cnpenyie nar.io paaaabeibe aemjbe, no- 
Mem CBoiHW noepmnieM o^fiHia onex na nenjby 3Ha- 
Tan ^eo o^ one Ton.ioxe , noiy aeMJba (nO' nawoHV 
npHO^fUTaBafta) Ha^aie , m noHem oiio (iiapoMHTo y 
BH^y uiywa) aaiuTHhyife npoTHBv paaaa^yiyl^HX Be- 
rposa. H rawo ce iwome KasaxH joiSaire, 4a ce pa- 
cTHibeM ymepasa Tonaoxa npeuo .'^an ii npeRX> .lexa, 
a y^aaucaaa Jia^Holia npeico noli h y .la^HHia ro^ir- 
iiifba Bpemeim ; ^ajbe pacxHtbo cnpeMyie iiar.10 Hcna- 
paBbfte KHiuHHi^e h ocra^e B.tare (yBaa^eliif te y ee0e 
CBOiHM KopenoM R aHifiheM). Ho mxo cMaii»yte xonjoxy, . 
pacTHibe ie o,\ uopHcxii aa xon^HW npe^eae . -a o^ 
lUTexe aa jia^iiHie npe^ e.te ; a mxo aa^^pniasa oCaane 
H B«iary, paexHH>e ie CaarocoB s^a n.iaHUHci«^ npe^eae 
(y KoiifMa OHO iotu H 5yiHo o^xHi^aifce iimunHi^e cnpe- 
Myie) , i«ao h aa mapne (11. np. A^pHuaHctie) 3eM.%e : * 
aaM He n aa ^ojbitiie h pasHni^e ca MHOro Bo^e. — 
yxHi^ai pacxHH.a na xeiwiiepaxypy HapoHMxo ie ocBe-, 
^OHCH Kp*ieu>eM luywa na ii3BeciiiiM iwerxHwa. Tai«o ce 
y fpuKoi H lUnnucKoi HCxpe6jbeH>eM iiiyma Ha neUHM 
uaaHHHaMa ysHHH.io, xe cy xaMo ocMaSnaH h.ih h ca- 
CBBM ycBHyaH Bo^eHH HSBOpKy a nacxajia ie Beha xo- 
iiaoxa H cyiiia , icao h anaxHuia 11 narauia npoMena 
H3Meby ^HCBHe H HohHe xemnepaxype, 3<5or nera ie h 
onaMOuiifca aeMa^a nenao^na nocxaaa. A h K04 nac, y 
Cp6uiu. r^e cy neKa^ uiywe HSHOcuae cKopo ^bc xper 
hHwe npe^eaHe npoexopHie, onawaiy ce 'leuuhe h ita- 
raHie npomeHe y KaHMH, o^KaKo cy H3ce*ieHji 3HaxHHiH 
/leaoBH luyiMB . a roaa aeniAa Hnie y o^roBapaiyKoi 
MepH paoxHH»eM iipHHOBaieHa. 

fiainocae moryhHOcx 3eMHor noBpuniia 4a ce aa- 
rpi^ie aaBHcii m o,^ H»eroBor o5aHKa x% i. o^ xora, 4a- 
an ie ot^o pasno hah ie 6peifO«HTo , h ai(o ie 6peio* 
BHTO, wauaB iipaBai^ ({perosK HMaiy, h ie-*€;y an ohh 



ui>^MOia o^pacjiu. y HauiHM npe^ejiHMa na^ cyHi^ci nai- 
BHiue ctoIh (9. lyHHia) ^y apai^H o^ ibera Kociiie Ha 
paBHui^e, Hero Ha IvmHe o^Koce naaHHHa, TaKonaaa. 
npucoie (ua Koie apai^H cKopo jipaau^e ^o^iaae) ; c Tora 
ce npHcoiH m iane aarpesaiy (tb cy u 3a oHHorpa^e 
6o;bii) Hero pasHHi^e. Ha cesepHe O/^uoce n^auaHd, 
TaKOHaas. acoief H^y cyH^iaHH spai^H ioui Kornie, Hero 
Ha paBHHu^e; aaro ie Ha ocoiHMa h Tonaora yofiuire 
maiba. 3a cyce^na vecTa (y obhm nperT^eaHiia) Ka^ ce lua* 
HtfHe o^ aana^a cesepy h ucTOKy npocTHpy, one caywe 
uao aanaoH npoTHBy cry^eHnx BerpoBa n THMe aHamo 
no/^noMamy Ton-iory ua 3aK.iOH»eHHM inecTHnia. IIpo* 
CTHpy.iH ce o^ HCTOKB iyry h aana^^y, OHe npase 
aa/\aBHHy m cmaibyiy Ton^iory. Kskfl, cy uryMOM h 
ocTa.iHM pacTHHieM aacrpre , n.iBHHHe npHB.iane bo* 
^eny napy h ^onoce KHiuy : ho Hihmb ce necTO ofijiai^H 
aa^pHtaBaiy tbho, ^a ce ie/\Hoi crpaHH cyce^CTBa ' o/^- 
HOCH KHiua , /\oK.ie ce xa /i^pyroi ^ohoch.-— O yrw- 
i^aiy DiAaHHHa. napoMHTo itao BHCHua , ua CTaH>e xeM- 
nepaxype^ roBopHhemo HHXce. 

§. 33. 

2) HeiednnKa paajnepa eode u cyee aejnjbe, 

Bo^a ie p^bbhIh Tonaonouia Hero aeiwjba. Ona 
CBOiHM paBHHM noBpiuuleM (or.ie^aaonr, BO^opaBH>eiif) 
o/^6Hia (pe«i>aeKTyie) BHuie ^ a npHnia MaH>e apaKdBa 
Tonaore koIh ^oaaae o^\ cyni^a, «ero aoM^a. A.ih cbo- 
iHM paBiiHM noBpuuiieni Bo^a y paBMoi Mepn oreui- 
naBa h Ha^asaibe Tonaoxe. na toimhimx ^y6jhix\ cjio- 
leBa y .ia,^HHiH oupyrnHH aaa^^yx. H tqko Bo^^a ce 
cBar/^a ciiopnie h reme aarpeBa, Hero aeM.i^a ; h no- 
lUTo ce ie/^HOM aarpeie, OHa ce h cnopnie h rewe 
paa.iabyie, nero aeniiff>a. Ochw rora Bo,^a ce na cbow 
noBpiuHiy HenpecxaHo npexsapa y iiapy ; a hohcm 
ce aa nanapaBaibe Bo^^e nancKyie aHaxHHia xonaora, 
Koioi usBop Mopa 6hxh napaBrto ' y Hai6.iHMCoi 



4S 

oKoamiH (to iecT y camoM noBpuiHom c«ioiy Bo;|e 
H y Bas^xy mro ie y ^o^npy € thm c^oieii): to ce 
THM HGnapasaibeM ycRopaaa paaaabnaaibe re oKCKmne. 
Pa3,ia;^M*.iH ce Ha Tai Ha^HH ie^i^aH noBpuiHH c.ioi 
BO^e , OH^a OB nocTaHe ryiuhn ii yToaiiKO TeMCK, Te 
Ha/|a ^y6^e, a Ha ii»eroBO mbcto neiiie ce HnaKH caoi 
tob^hIo Bo/^e. 'A«iH y /^o^Hpy ca .ia;\HHiiiH Baa^i^yxoM, 
M ycie^ /^ajber HcnapaBaii»a ao^e, pas^a^n ce Haciiopo 
H Tai c«ioi, na h oh, aocTasiuH rymhH h TesKH, na;^a 
^y6jhe] a na H9eroBo iiecxo no/^uHce ce oneT TonaHia 
cjioi Bo^e, KoiH ie ^y6jbe .leacao. TaKo ce BO^a hc- 
npecTano na cbom noBpiuHiy npeTsapa y napy m THwe 
pasjiabyie ; ii9eHH pa.iaabt^HH caoieBH nenpecTaHO ce 
ca noepuiHia cnyuiraiy ^o^e , a hb aiixobo MecTO 
^o^aae ToujiiiiH c.ioiean H3 /^yfijbHne. Ton^Hiii cjio- 
ieBH, ^o^iasehn na ^yfijbHHe na noBpm«ie HenpecTa«o 
npHotffUTBBaiy neuiTO o^ BHiuKa caoie Ton.iOTe *ia- 
^HMieM Baa^yxy Ha/^ co^om. — Ycac^ Tora Hohy k aii- 
Mii Tou^oTa Baa/^yxa hb^ bo^^om aY^^^ Tpaie, aero to- 
naoTB Baa^yxa ua^ cyaoM aeniAoin, Tauo ^a Ba^^yx 
ca Bo;^e Kao TonaniH, h yTo.iHKO pe^H (paererHyTHiH), 
na Ctffe^OBBTe.iHo h .laKUiif/HenpecTaHo ce no^HBsey 
BHCHHy npena cyaoi aeMjbH , a .la^HHiH , h yro.iHBO 
ryuihH H TeB(H, Baa^yx ca cyse aemjbe HenpecTBHo 
CTpyin oa^^o npema bo^i^h ;^a nonynN mbcto ohot to- 
nattier aaa^yxa iuto ce OTy^ yanc no^Hrao. O Toi 
CTpyitt aaa^yxa, Roia nocTaie na ocnoay ireie^Haico* 
CTH ifceroBe hb paaHHM cyce^HHM TOHifaMa, mm hewo 
roBopMTH H HMMce, ica^ Cy^'^eMo o6iacH>aBaAM RdKo Be- 
Tap nocraie. 

§. 34. 

CnyiiiTBibe paaaa^eHe ao^e ca noRpiiiHia y ^'^y- 
fijbHHy H ya^Baane TonaHie ao^e h3 ;^y6jftHHe na no* 
apuiHie, MOBce TpaiaTH caMo ^OTae^ ^ORae ao^a ue^o* 
CTBrHe HaiBehy wepy caoie rycTHHe, t. i. ^ORae ce 
ona Hepaaaa^ii ^o 3^ Jt. TaHBOM aa^HolfioM ao^a ca 



m 



nperrBapa y .te^ — CMpsaea* ce. «^e,i^ ce XBara iiaiiip® 
Ha noBpuiHiy.BO^e, a laro aa^^noha ^yme Tpaie , cm 
ce cBe <^y6jbe npocTHpe^ Ho to iio/^e6.ibHBaii»e ^e^a 
6HBa Bp.io cnopo, iep ie ^le^ Kao h Bo^a Bp.io pbaB 
Ton joiicMiia, na uao iiito Toiiaory cno^a yHyrpa .laKO 
HenpHMa, raito ie hh h3 c.ioieBa Hcno^^ ce6e iienpo- 
Bocff .laifio iiano;be. C rora ce ^yfione b xiixe BO^e 
cBMo noc^e Ay^^ h ouirpe .Ya^Holie Mory sBAe^miM^ 
iep Tpefiia Miioro speMena^ na ,^a ee mhoto BO^^e cae/^e 
«a iiaiaefey wepy rycTMHe. 

§. 35. 

Ha ocHOBy rora juto HBiipe^'^ cnoMeHyiMo . KaHMa 
OHHX aeuajta Koie vy 6.iH3y Be.iHi(iix Bo^^a Mopa 6hth 
^^pyraMHia wero uito ie HJHMa omhx aeMajba. Koie vy 
.^a.ieHO o^ Be»iHifinx BO^a. A iiweiif) : jSor enopwier h 
Tomer aarpeBaiba . a.iii h cnop«ier h renter pa^^ia^H- 
Baiba, H ycie^ HcnapaBaiba Bo^e, HHr/^e y cyce/^cTBy 
Be.iH>KH\ BO^a ne.Ma oiiaKO Har.inx ii 3HaTHiix nponieHa 
yTeMneparypM. uaKBux Hwa y npe^'^e.iiiwa hoik cy ^a- 
jteiio o^ Be^iiiKiix BO/^a. y npe^^eaiima Cuiay Be.iiiKHx 
BOf^a . Ha ocTpoBHMa u y iipmiopiaMa . ,'^an»y h .lerii 
iviaiba ie rapaamepiio Tonjiora , a iiohy « awMir Maff>a 
ie .ia,^Ho}ia ; HanpoTHB y npe^^e.iH!\ia ^a.iei«o o^v '*^'^"" 
Kiix flo^^a eapa3Meptio ie Beha it iiaraiiia paa.iiiKa y 
TeinnepaTypn ^ana k Hohii h y TeMneparypii aera h 
3B]He. CnoMOHyToi paBnoiwepiiocTH ^iieBfie ii HohHe, 
.leribe h 3Miiiifce Teninepaxype y npe,^e.iHivia 6.iii3y Be- 
•iiiKHx BO,;a npiinoMajise ioiii if obo : uito ce BeniiKHM 
Bo^^aMa II mapiiii ii cTy/^eiiii BorpoBH ymepasaiy , h 
UITO oHH Ka^ ^'^yBaiy npeiso ao/^e o^iioce ca coSom y 
cyce^He cyBoaeiwiie npe^e.ie h Bo^\eny iiapy. re ory^^ 
H y aTiiioc4>epn thx iipe/^eaa Hina Bume BO^eHe nape 
H o6.iaK0 5 a UITO ie aniue nape h oSaaisa y armoc- 
*epH,' THM Bfiuie ce ibOMe cnpeMyie Hohy ii 3hmh pas- 



•labe&e aeiiJbe, a.^^my h jicth (LiaMui npiuieKa;./^py- 
FHM pe^Hnia THM he ie/^HanHia 6kth Mepa "ronaoTe y 
paana a<^.^ ro^Hiie. .... 

§,36. 

JlpeMa onHcaHol paaaHj^u, KjiHMa.oHKx aeiMavba, 
Koie cy./^a.ieKo o^ Be^H^HX boa^j h Koia cyn^-io- 
jKeiie BeaHisHM u iiaraHM npoinenaMa TeMnepaxype^ iia- 
3Hii^a ce .ehet^eeuena (nae^a) ^ ^*ih KpuruneHTCKu (hqh- 
TuueHT iia3HBa ce, cTajiiia- cysa 3eMt/i«a 3a paa^HKy q^ 
ooTpoBa); a K.iHMa y iipe^e.iHiiia 0^H3y Be^HKHx ao- 
^a, Ha ocTpoBHMa H y np.HMopi£|i^a, HaaHpa ce MopcKn 
If aa QCTpoepua %UuMfu , 

IIoHeii ie Eepoiia Hcnpecei^s^Ha .MQpeivf h Mop?, 
OKHM 3a.iHBHMa , TO ie H ifaeHa K.iHMa yoCiiiTe BHiiie 

MOpOKB Hero KOHTHHeilTCKa. 

3^ MopcKe crpyie. 

OcHM HaBe/^eHH\ CBoicT^aaa BejiHiti^ x BO/|a , HMaiy 
yxHivaiB u^ cyce/\Hy B^Miiiy ioui h Mopcne crpyie^ Koie 
6iiBaiy oaaKo: 

Ka^ ce lyiope y aHapKOAf.noiacy aarpeie, oho re 
pacTerne. nao iuto c^ h CBaKo tcao tooviotom pac- 
Teiwe. y TOM pacTeaatfcy , Mope ce y HcapKOM noiacy 
no^HSKe y Btfc anaTHHie , Hero y cyceAHHM aa^Hninn 
iioiacHMa. Ho iwope Heiiowe ocraTH ys^HrHyrro na ie* 
AHOw Mecry, Befc ce oho, np 3aKo«y xeHHOCTH, Mopsi 
patiaHBaTH npeMa MecTMKia r^e HiuKe .ctoIh. H Taiu> 
BO^a Ha noBpiUHiy Mopa xene nenpecTano o^ H^^pKor 
Hoiaca (o^ paBHifTejiia) npe^a ^a^^muif noiacHMa 
(KaKo npeiia ceBepHOw xaKo h npema iymnoM noay^. 
li^y^ ^ H xai TOK mopa HasHaa Cie eKt^ai^QpcHa Mopc^a 
cxpyi/t. . . . 



4t 

Ho ica^ ce BO^a^ ca aarpeiBHOr npe/^ejia nopa 
cjiMBa y jia/^HHie npe^eAe: xa^a ce y obhm nocvbe^- 
ibH^ii noseliaBa npHTiicaK koIh ^o^aaii o^ ropibux cjo- 
ieaa na HHHce. Ha xai hslhhh y .la/^HHiHM noiacHMa rop- 
ifcH cjioieBH MopcKH KoluMa npH/^ojta3H Bo^a o^ sKapKor 
noiaca, noTHCKyiy ^ojbHe cjioieBe y xonaHiH npe^e-i 
Mopa r^e ie eKBaropcKOM crpyiOM ciHaibeH npHTucaic 
ofl fopibHX cjioiesa. H TaKO y ^yfijbHHH Mopa xene 
^pyra cxpyia, y npaBqy oj\ nojiyca npeMa paBHHxejby, 
(npoxMBHo npBoi cxpyiw mxo H^^e noBpiUHieM o^ pa- 
BAHxejbd noaycHwa) m xa ;^pyra cxpyia naaifBa ce no- 
ay&Ka Mopcna crpyin. 

ERBaxopcna cxpyia , Koia xene oj^ ncapicor no- 
iaca npewa noaycHMa , /^ohock ca coCoiw h Behy xo- 
n^ory y jia^HHie npe/^eae. 

§. 38. 

OcHM cnOMenyxHx cxpyia , cxpyiw Mope Ha cbo- 
ioi noBpmHHH ioiu h iia ocHOBy 6p3iiHe, ca KoioM ce 
3eMjba OKO ce6e o6p}ie. Kao luxo ie noanaxo, aeivijba 
ce aa 24 caxara no ie/^an nyx oko ce6e oCpHe, h xo 
npasr^eM t^^ sana^^a npeivia ncxoKy. Y xoiw o^pxaiby 
cBaKa xoHKa iia noBpiiiHiy 3eM^e npasii cBoi Kpyr. 
O^ CBHiy THX RpyroBB HaiBehH ie OHai wa paBHHxejty, 
a ocxa^H iipyroBH cBe cy iwaibH, mxo cy ^ajbe o/^ pa- 
BHRxe^ba xoHue, Koie hx npaee. A.111 cbh xh KpyroBH 
saBpniyiy ce sa ie;^HaKO BpeMe, x. i. cBaKH 3a 24 ca- 
xaxa. ycae^ xora xoMKe na paBHHxejby Mopaiy ce wai- 
6p9Ke noKpexaxH, a CBe p^'Ajb^ xoswe xhwi cnopHie, 111x0 
cy /^ajbe o^ paBHHxe^^a. Ha w wopcna Bo^a y wapKom 
noiacy mopa ce oCpxaxii 5pme o^ sana^a npeivia hcxo- 
Ky, Hero y ceBepHHiw npe/|eaHi«fa. Ho noMew Mope ca 
SKapKor noiaca h. np. na cesepnoi hojiobkhh 3eMAe 
cxpyin ceBepnoM noaycy : xo oho xeJKir yie/^Ho, /\a ce 
H npeiMa Hcxony nowpeJie onauo 6p3o , nao luxo ce 



4ft 

(y oCpxaiby aeMjbe oko ee6e) iiOKpehy TO»iKe nosp- 
iiiHia y jKapKOM noiacy. Ta Temiba aaocTaie y Mop- 
cKoi Bo^H H noiuTO owa ^'^ocne na sehy ^eorpa^HCKy 
lUHpHHy, Tano. ^a ce ona h ry 6pdKe noKpehe HCTOKy 
Hero BO^a hoI« ce ^ai^^K^a wa cftiHoi toi mitpHHH. 
Ha TOT 6psKer HOKpeTaiua npeMa HcroKy , m OHor 
erpyieiba npeiAa eesepy nocraie cpedtha cTpyin^ 
Koia »^e H&inpe ceBepo-HCTOKy , sarHM ce na Behoi 
heorpa«i>HCKoi uiHpHHH (r/^e ie eeha pasjiima y ^psHHH* 
o6pTaii>a) ynpaBjbd BMiiie cawow ucroKy. Ha tux ya- 
poKa noc-raie TawoHaaB. eojitficna' crpyia Ha axaaMTH- 
cKOi«r Mopy. • 

roa*cHow cTpyioM /^obo;^h ce Ton.ia Mopcica Bo^a 
o/^ Baxaivre (y aana/i^Hoi Hh/^rih) na npeitta o^aaaiiia 
Aip^an/^CKe h HopBerHie. 3ar<> ce xe seMJbe h o/^aH- 
Kyiy 5aamoM 'shiiiom , iuto h aa ocrajty EBpony flo- 
SpoTBOpHe nocae/^Hne wwa. 

§. S9. 

Hainocae Hiwa oco^HTor sHanaia aa cyce^ny 
K^Hivfy H ceBepHO jie/vcHo mope. Ka^ ce na cesepy y 
npojiehe Kpene ae/^ ca pewa , Koie yxH^y y jie^eno 
cesepHo Mope, uao h Jle/^ uito ce xsaxa ya o6ajie 
Mopcue : xa^a cnoMenyTO i\iope HaanBa CBoiy jia/\HHiy 
BO^y y HHMie iipe^e.ie npcMa iyry. Tow CTpyioM o6apa 
(?e TCMneparypa ceBepoHCTO^Hor '/^eaa AiwepHKe , na 
ce aa/^HO^a uito oxy^ /^oaaan if y caivioi EnponH oce- 
ha 5 Ka/^ ce .la^HHM ceBepo-aana^HHM BeTpoBHina iipd- 
•leKe H noHCTaK .icTia ycTywHy. — 

yocTajioivf, MOpcKe CTpyie , Koie ce ocHHBaiy na 
pa3;iiiMH0CTH feMnepaType*, Meitaiy ce MHorocTpyMHO 
y CBoivi npaBri[y, hciuto oCjihkom h npaBi^CM iwopcKifx 
odaaa, HeiiiTO ^pyrnur CTpyiaiwa , Koie ce ocHHBaiy h 
Ha paa.iHi^H y ryctnHH MOpcue BO^e y pasHHw iipe- 
^e^Hn^a. ' 



48 

4) Bucuua Had MopcKUM naspmuiejn. 

IUto c6 BHUie Ha^ MopciSHM noBpuiHieM y bhc 
neihe , cee ie hu9K9 Temneparypa. To re o^i^cibaBa 
osaKO : Kaa p^aa TonjOHOiua aaa^yx yo6uiTe sp.io 
onopo H xeaKKo npoiiocii, Ton^oTy Kpo3 caoiy j^ejiaHy, 
u TO cae Tease h cnopaie , ijito ie pe^H h mhctmI^. 
Ho iiito ie bhuih, aaa^yx ie no npaBH,iy cae pe^a a 
MHCTHiH, a iiiTO Ie naafa oh ie cae ryiuha h AiyTHHia, 
noseM :i6or iipaB^iaMHe caae 3eMji>e ropa^H cjioieBH 
H>eroaM npaTacKyiy ^ojbVhe caoieae a Tame ax 36h- 
iaiy. H Taao uito ie HuiuH.aa^^yx iia/^ MopcKHia no- 
apjuaieM, rae ie Maa>a xon^oxa a>eroBa. Aaa aa ae* 
hoi BHcaiia aaa^J'^ Mopa Chth .la/^aaia h c xora, niTO 
re OH nor.iaBHTO aarpeaa ohhm apai^HMa iron.ioTe. 
Koia ee o^ aeMHor noapuiaia o^Cniaiy a npaofiuiTa- 
aaiy, a cawo neuiTO nenocpe^nHM spai^HMa o^ cyHna: 
na ie npapo^no, /^a oh , aao pbaa TonjioHoiiia , 6y^e 
cae Tonaniii uito ie Saaaiii raaaHOM aaaopy oaoie to- 
naoTe, T. i. aeMHoni noapiuaiy, a cae via^Haia iuto ie 
/^ajbH o^ Tor a3Bopa, 

§41. 

Kao UITO ie no3iiaTO^ ;ja ce aarpeiana Ba3/^yx 
isao peba a •lainiiH y bhc neaie , a ^a .la^Haia aao 
ryiu^H H TeaiH Haa^e w^e : Taao 6m re iworao uomh- 
(MHTM, /^a aaa^nyx Mopa 6hth cae TonaHiu uito ie aaiua. 
Aaa, ujTo ce sauie no^aase Tonaa aaa/^yx, thm ie no/^ 
MaH>ai\i npHTHCKOM o^ ropM>ax caoieaa, a uito ie Maa^a 
npaTHcaa, tmm ce anaTHaie mapa Ba3^'^yx ; a iiainocae. 
UITO ce 3HaTHHie uiifpa Ba3^yx , thm aauie TonaoTe 
TpeCa My a3 aai^.iHHie oaoauHe. H xaao , aa MecTO 
/^a y3aaiueHitiaM caoieaaMa aehy Ton.iOTy npa/\a. aa- 



rpeian saa^yx Ra^ ee oa/^o y bhc luHpn , vtome hm 
CMatfcRBavH TonjiOTy. 

§42. 

Ha M canio noBpiuRie semjhe Hnia cBe Hiimy Teitt- 
neparypy, iuto ie oho yaBHuieHHie Ha^ MopcKHwi no* 
BpmnieM. To ^ojiaan ory/^a: u*to ie aTwoc^^epa na 
ysBHiiieHHiffM MecTHnia peba, a noHaiBHiiie k HHCTHia, 
ira Rao taRBa ona npHMa h ^ajbe npoHocH cRopo cBy 
Tonjiory Roiy aeMAa Henpecrawo iia^aie , h CRopo 
HrtuiTa o/^ Te Ton.«OTe Harpar HeoA^Hia; ^oR««e ce y 
^o^iHRaiwa, r^2^e ie aTMOc*epa rymha h oCjiaYHHta^o^* 
6Hia o^ Hcre ohbt Ha sewAy aHaraii ^eo one TOHjiOTe 
HiTO o;^ aenfjbe /^ojiaaH. Hainocjie^ ano ce ysBHiueHHie 
TOHKe aeMjbe n aarpeiy : Baa^yx, Roin c ihHmh Ha ie- 
AHaRoi BHCHHH CToiH , Kdo pl)aBHiH Ton;AOHouia RKra 
HMRty Tewnepaxypy. na iwy one, no aaRony npHodt- 
mTaBae>a Tonjioire, tta^^iy CBoiy Tonjiory. TaRO ry 
nocxaie Baa^yuina crpyia (Berap) , RoioM aarpeiann 
Baa^yx ca yaBHiiieHHiMX xosana aeujbe H^e y aa/^Hkie 
ORoaHHe, H Ha iberOBO wecxo ^ojiaaH jia^HHiH cyce^HH 
Baa^yx , Roin ce onex jia^HHiHiu cyce^HHiw Baa^yxoiw 
aaMeH>yie nomxo ce aarpeie h x. ^. TaRBa cxpyia 
Baa^yxa na yaBHnieHHiMM xoHRama aeiw^e tpaie ne- 
npecxano . h xo ie yapoR HHHCoi xewnepaxypH xhx 
necxa. 

§. 43. 

rio Heie^naRocTH xemnepaxype na ^HeieflHaHoi: 
BHCHHH na^ MopcRHM noBpniHieM , paa^HRyie ce h do-^ 
AUHCKa HAUMa o^ KAUjne nJiaHUHCKe, 

y yMepeHHM noiacHMa r^e mh ^hbhmo, xemnepa-. 
xypa Har.iHie h auaTHHie ona^a ua n^aHHHaMa , nero 
y ^oaHHawa. Paa^HRa Hameby ^neBae h Hohne xo- 
naoxe uapaBHo ie cae aHaxHMia , iiixo ie aeha niia^ 

tjiacHHK XVII. 4 



HHH^. Eper hoIh ce ycanubeHO y bhc no^naKe, ueMOaKe 
ce HHKa^ Ha CBoioi bhchhh 3HaTHO aarpeiaTv, noHen 
ra ca CBHiy crpaiia aKpywyle Baa^yx, na my xai Kao 
pbaBHin Tonaoiioma HenpecTano Tonaoxy cMaii>yie. 
AaH njiaHHHa Koia ce npocTHpe h umpH Kao yaBH- 
laena pasHHua , mome ce muoro lane aarpelaTH , no- 
Hem ce npBO ua sehe noBpiuHie h BHuie apaKOsa 
Ton^oxe o^ cyHij^a npHKynjbaiy ,. a APy^^ ^^ Behom 
npocTopHioiii aeiij^e h BehH ^eo Ba3Ayxa ctovh y ^o* 
^Hpy, Te HH Baa^ymHe cxpyie HHcy xy uarjie onaKO, 
icao Ha ycaiMJbeHHM 6perOBiHMa , na^ KOiHiwa ce CBaKH 
nac sarpeiaHH saa^y^ Apy^^^ aa^HHlMM 3aMeH>yie. Ho 
Ha fiaauHHaMa yo6iuxe , 36or peber naa/^yxa k ma 
Mber Baa/^yiiiHor npnxKCKa , acMjba ua^aie xonaoxy 
Haraiiie , Hero y ^oviHHaMa. C xora ce hh njiaHUHaum 
xennepaxypa cnycxji nohy tojiiiko, ^a Miioro pacxHibe, 
Koie ie.AaH>y iom KpenKO Hsrjie^ajio, ocsane cacBHfti 
ysejio , na h ycesH ua n.;iaHHHaMa Bpao secxo cxpa- 
;vaiy o^ aa/^HO^ie. HapoHHxo y Be^pHni uofeuMa y npo- 
•tebe H y iecen. 

§.44. 

dj ffrut^ai eerpa ua KAUjty Me era, 

H o^ laHHHe H npaBi^a Bexpa mhofo aasHCM 
KJiHMa ie/^Hor iwecxa. lanHM BexpoBHMa h mccxhivi oay- 
iHHaMa pa3.iabyie ce saa^yx ; iymHrni n iyroaana^HHM 
BeTpoBHMa roniHaaiy ce y name npe^eae BO/^eua na- 
pa H o6jiai;H, HHMe ce y aexo caafie 3paqH xonaoxe 
koIh o^ cyHr^a na 3eMa.y H/^y , a y anmy nanpoxHB 
cnpe^yie ce h>hxobo o/^Cniaibe o^ 'jeM^be h pa3.iabH- 
Ba4fae iwecxa. CeBepoHCXOHHH h 3ana/^HH BexpoBH cy- 
niHH cy, ibHMa ce pasBe^paBa neSo. hhmc ce y .lero 
no/^noMa)Ke BeanKa npHneita , a y sHwy BeaHrta Jia^- 



51 

nofca. Ho oyi^qaiy serpa na nfomeuy TeiiniefaType 
HH hseMO npocrpauHie irotBOpHTH y o^ejiny .o sevpy. 

■ *§. 45/ / ' 

^^ Cycedua kaujuu, 

Tonjiora Koia ce wa ie</^HOitt wecTy padsnie, npo- 
HOCH ce Kpo3 noBpiUHie 3eMjbe h y jia/^HHie cyce</t- 
CTBO. Taifio Mecxa ymepeHHx noiaca. iuto jie^Ke 6aH3y 
SKapKor noiaca , npniwaiy neiiiTO TOnjiOTe h q^ xor 
cyce^H or noiaca ; a ona Mecxa yiwepeHMX noiaca, Kola 
•leHce 6.iH3y aa^HHx noiaca , npHO^imaBaiy neuiTO 
CBoie xonjiore .la^nnieM cyce^cTBy. Ochm Tora , yxH- 
i\flx cyce/^HC Kjittme nocpe/^yie ce k Ba3^ymHHW cxpy- 
iaiwa, X. 1 BexpoBHMa, noneivi ce ibiTMa h. np. sarpeiaii 
Ba3/^yx y aa«^HHie, h^h aa^MHiH Bas^yx y xon.ime cy- 
ceflCxBo npenocH. ^ ' 

IIo^EJiEHiE T0n«40TK HA nOBPUIHiy 3EMAE. 

- %'^' ... 
H3 y3po«a Koie OHIO uanpe^ no6poia,«ir, xon^iora 
ce ueMeiiFa ie^iiaKo na CBHMa xonitaMa te/^Ba«e ^e- 
orpa^HCKB lUHpHue , aeK pasjiH^mo na ^aaniiM TOHxa. 
Ma. TaKO jiHHHia Koia cie/^HHiaBa Haixonjmie xoHwe 
Ha aeMiiOM noBprnniy , ca cpe/^if>OM ro^HuiibOM xeMne- 
pavypoM =r;: -^ 28^ C^ H Koia ce naaHBa paeumreJb to- 
TiAOTe^ H^no/^y^apa ce no^yHO ca paBfiHrejbeM aeMjbe^ 
BeK o^eTyna oj^ iiaera ^ noHatBiiiiie ceBepuo. 4py>'^ 
onex .iHHHia , Koia cie/^iiii>aBa xoHKe ca cpe^-ibOM ro- 
^HiuifaOM xcMnepaxypoM = + 15® C H^e npcKO hobb 
Ka^H^opHHie npeMa AsopHMa , ^o/^npa Espony na 
mcHh UlnaHCKe h IlypxyraacKe. oxy;^ ce npywa npena 
pHMCKe o6aacxH npeMa KacnncKOM Mopy, /^a.>be ce cny- 



lUTa npeMa iyry h apA^P^ hctohho npHMopie Asiiie 
Ko/i ocTpoBa HH^ona. Tpefea jiHHiiia ca cpe^»OM ro- 
^HuiftoiH TeMriepafypoM = -f- 10* C npyaua cfe o/^ aana- 
^iber npHMopia AmepHKe y hobh A.^5hoh iipema ho- 
BOM lopRy (41* ceB. luiqp.), OTy^ ce no^Hace ceaepHO 
H ^ocTH»se Haiaehy lunpHHy ko^ Jlon/^OHa (52^ c. lu.); 
/^ajbe ce noB.«aHH nope/^ 4>paHK4>ypTa (50^ c. lu.) h 
Eena (48* c. in.) npewa AcrpaxaHy (46* c. m.) h ^o- 
cTMHce y nycTHHiH UlaMO (42® c. ui.) caoi HaiiymuHia 
aeHHT. — 

Taaae anHHie , Koie cieAHibaBaiy To«fKe ca ie- 
^HaKOM ro/^HiuaoM TemnepaTypoM , naaHBaiy ce (no 
XymCojiTy) uaQX£pMfi. 

Cfiaua H30TepMa npe^craa^a upaay aHUHiy h 
CBBKa HMa /^Ba cesepna h /^sa iysKna aeHHra. Hihxobh 
cesepHH 3eHHTM oauaHyiy ce aana^HHM npHMopiaua 
Eapone h AmepaKe, a ii>mxobm iyaiHH aeHHTH jiease y 
HCTOHHo-ceBepHoi AmepHKH h y yHyrpauiibOCTH Aaaie. 
H TaKO cy Espona h aana^Ha AiMepHKa no npaanjiy 
MHoro TonjiHie Ha le/^HaKoi beorpa^HCKoi uiapaHH, 
Hero HCTOMHa AmepHKa _h ocoChto yHyToaiuHiOCT 
Aaaie. ^aKjie hh y cxapom hm y hobom caexy ona- 
/^aifce Temnepaxype Heo^roaapa pacxei^y beorpa*HCKe 
ujHpHHe.; urra sHuie^ no XyMfiojiTy, Hameby ^ h 50® 
ceB. lUHp. Temneparypa mhofo anaTHHie ona/^a, irero 
iyacHaie, fianay paBHHxejba , h ceaepHaie , npeMa no* 

•lyCHMB. 

•iHaaie sole npe)(CTaBa>aiy to<ik0 ca ieARaioM epe* 
XHkOn .iCTifeOM TeMiiepaTypoMy BasaBaly ce uaoTtpt; a jin- 
Hnie oa iey|HaROM cpe^iboif shmhom TeMnepaTjpoM aasH- 
ealj ce uaoamMene, 



S3 

KaKO CB MBIbA ATMCK^^^KFCKA TSMnBPATyPA yOB- 
niTE, no 40CA4AIUH>H1II HCRyCTBHMA. 

§.47. 
: BptfmjbHBifM npoMarpaifceM TeMneparype Ha mro- 

THM MeCTHMa H Hp03 MHOrO rO^HHa, ^OSHaJIO Ce OBO : 

1) Csaicor ^aiia onasKa ce .Hexa nnivuma h ntsfta 
HtmitMfca Teufneparyp^. HacoBH, na/^ noBHuieHa tcm- 
neparypa no*fii»e ona^aTM , h HHSKa no^HaaTii; ce^ 
meifcaiy ce oKopo csaKM ^au. — lid npasHay, HaiHiuKa 
ie TeMneparypa npe^iuxo he ce cyHi^e po^HTH (na 
^OiMHHyTa npe Haaaana cyHi^a); a uaiBHUia ie nono^iie 
HSMehy 12 H 1 3UJHu^ a ifsmeby 1^ h 3 caxara Aeru. 

2) Cpe^iba Meua TemnepaType npeno ^an nal- 
maiba ie y ^efieM6py» a HaiaHaTitHia y AnpHjiy ; ona 
pacTH iifiKAe o^ ^eneMfipa ^o AnpH^.a ^ a o;^ Tor ^o6a 
oneT na^a. — Ha CHibeM Mopy Maibe ce Me»a reiii- 
neparypa npeKO ^au, nero ua eyaoi 3eMJbH. 

V 3) Cpe^ifca ro^Hiuifca TCMnepaTypa cicopo ce hh- 
F/^e Heneiba ; iep ibeHa npoMCHa y paaue ro^HHe ne- 
naiiocH BHuie o^ \ ^o 29 R. 

i) y yMcpeHOM ceBepHOM noiacy, r^e h mh xcm- 
BHMO , oChhho ie HaironjiHiH mecei^ lyaH , a Baiaa/^- 
hhIh laHyapH. 

5) O^ BpeMCHa naiBehe aa^Holie HenoBHUiaBa 
ce H3 /^aHa y /lan cpe^iba TeUfneparypa vt^fia , Beh 
OHa Heiuhe nonaayie ycryK m.*h aacranaK. 

0)> SHaTHe ikieHe o6vtHVke roAftuiibe TeMnepa-re pac* 
npocTHpy ce coar/^a Ha anarHe npocTopnie;, ajiH NMKa^ 
npeKO ie^He j^e.ie noaOBHne aenijbe. 

1) Sna^iaiHO ie , iuto ce na cesepnoi hojiobhhh 
3eMj>e npaBi^eM o^ cesepa npenia iyry paajiHKyiy ^«e 
nojioBHHe, na KoiHMa ce y ie^no mcto spenie yuaayiy 
HpoTHBHe MeHe oShmhc ro^Hmfte Tonjiore. TaKO ce 
no npasMjiy y Efiponv h Aaniii ie^^Hauo weiba o^uHua 



u 



ro/|ifui|fcft' r0940Ta 3 a y An^epsucfi :npoTHBiiO.% il9 TOt 
noiaea 3aK4>y4yie ce^ ^di ie csane ro^ime y, ie^HO 
MCTO Bpeme h Tonaoxa ie^Hana ; camo ie OHa na 3e- 
HHoi noBpiiiHHH Heie/^HaKO no^^e^beua. 

8) llpOMene xeMnepaxype na iyMiHoi noAOBHHii 
aeMJbe cjiaCo' cy iiosHaTe. Ho yofituTe ce ana, /^a ie 
iymua noaOBHHa aeMjbe ja^HHia Hero cesepHa. lep 
Kd iysKHoi nojiOBUHH Mope iia^Mauia cysy aeMjby, a^~ 
Kjie ita ceBepHoi cyBa aemjba naAnama mope; a no- 
anaTO ie, KaKO ce cyBa seMjba aarpesa .^aKiHe; h iane^ 
Hero mope. Ha ceBepnoi hojiobhhh irpocTHpe ce jie^ 
9 CTeneHH o;^ noayca ; - a na iysKHoi 18 /^o 20^, na 
ioui H ^a^e na HeKHM MecTHMa. 

t Haieefey TOfMOTj f^o Aanac npoMaTpao Ie BypKxapd 
y i*opH>eii ErnnTj, r/^e ie xepifoiiieTap nosaaHBao -^ki^^R^ 
a Haiaehy jiaAHohj iiaiuao ie Ban y cesep. AmepuRH^ r^e 
ie TepMOMexep BOsasHBao -— 56^ /f. — « ITo Afedjtep-osoM 
pa'ijfHy ocitoeaHOH na HcaycTBaMa , Koia cy apo^ no to- 
/^HHa y paaHHM HecTHMa Eapoae npRxyn^baRa — 'i ualTo- 
ujiHie ie fl,o6B ro^HH-e o^ 16. (4.) ly^aia ^o lo. Aerycra 
(t9. lyjiaia) ; — 3p. (l8.) ly.iHla HaiTonantH ie f^an („Cb. 
Ii4HHcxe BDjKHHe!*)^ a 6. laHy»pa (t5. 4^KeM6pa) uai- 
•laAHnitf. O^ 19* (l.) A^ 28« (l^) laByapa o6hhho ie ioui 
Be^nxa aaAHoha. Cpe;^H>a luepa ro;^HUiH>e TonaoTe na/^a y 
AnpRJiy R' y OxToOpy (nonainHuie s4. (it.) Anpif^a h 
ti. (9,) OKTo6pa). — CpeAH>a TeMnepaT>pa OHaKea ie it. 
Mapxa (noejbeAH»er Oefipyapa) , aaKsa ie h 4. Mapxa 
(so — ti. ^e^pyapa). ^bk y AnpHjy Hacvaie 6p30 pacTeibe 
TonjiOTe. Kao Hai^BaHaiRHiH RsyaexaK cmaTpa ce jia/^Hoka 
ofl, 9 — 12. Maia (04 tl. fl,o ao. AnpB^a), r to ey naiona- 
CHBiB-A<^*<" 3^ iyittHo pacTRtfae. -*^ y 100 ro^HBa u$j^aAa ie 
TOMnepaTypa 70 ti^Ta asMe^y 9. h it. Maia, a nooHiuaRa.ie 
ce caMO 40 nyxa. Ta aa^HoKa ocHRsa ce (no Me^aep-y) 
Ha oAHps^.bHBatby Jie^a ua cesepy, ocrm Tora iiaroMHaaea. 
ce i'^tu H orpoMHii euer no no.f>HMa. Ha Ty .la^Hohy oft, 



» 



Roen ee B«»f»Aa h natui napoAHa iipa'ta o nMiipTy ■ 6^^" 
6«H«M iapuhHifa.'^ -^-^ 

CpBdHta rejHneparypa iednoe dana patfjna ce oBai^ : 
npoMaTpa ce h aanacyle crai&e TepMOMeTpa cuasor ca** 
xaTa. Hocjie ce aanHCice csniy naeoBa oa6epj , Tai c6rp 
no^ejiH ce ca z^ (iso4aKO ie caxaTa y le^HOM Aauj^ , na 
Ko^uquHR, uiTO ee Taiso Ao6»ie^ apeACTasjba cpedfhy rejtt- 
naparypy dana. Ho HCKycTROH ce AOKasa^o, a^ ee epe- 
AH>a TeMnepaTjpa v^aua moskc h spabHM n^TCii npouabB, a 
TO osaso : opojiatpa ce a aaojiejrle cvatb« vepMOMeTpa 
caMo J HOse <iaeoB« , saaHcauB 6poieBB* (cTeiuBflB.) no- 
MBoase ce 6poieM, Boia noRaa^ie kojibko ie eaxara opo- 
TeKJU>9 04 ie^HB AO AP3^re aasBCKe; Ta«o Ao6B6eHa npo- 
BBBOAB eadepj ce , na ce ibBXOB d6Bp noAeja ca b4, b 
TBAa KO.IB4BIIK QOKaBjie cpoA^J ahbbbj T«BoepaT3rpjr. 
Ujib, Balnocjie, opoHorpB ee b aaDBUie cvaiiie repBOMe- 
Tpa y BBiue odeBMapaiyhuJC qacpBa: Hai5ovbe 7 4'B 10 
cax^TB ope QOAiie, b y 4 b 10 caxaxa y Be<ie^ im ce oa 
TAX aanBcaaa jrsMe opeAifaB 6poi. KaA ce cpeAH>e Tevae- 
parype cbbIj A^Ba y ieABOM veceiiy ca6epy , na ce Tai 
cj5bp paaAe«iB 6poieM A^Ba (bojbko bx y Bepea^^r bmb), 
opeACTaB.i»a re y Ro.ii<iflBRy cpedf^/i rejuneparypa r^en 
jHecetia, — A rba ce cpeAH>e TenaepaTjpe cBviy Beeei^B 
ca6epy, na ee Tai c^Hp paaAe«iB ca it (6poieB Heoeqii y 
roAHBfl) : OHAa ce y rojibmhrr^ DpeACTaB.«»a cped^a r^^i- 
aeparypQ iedne eodune. -^ 

PaAB ToiBor onpeA®*^>>^v>a aTMoo^epcae TonjiOTe Ba.f>a 
oe npe cBera nodpBB^TB aa Bat^asay uoyaAaHor TepvoMe- 
Tpa. TepMOMeTAp Ba.«»a nocTaBBrn ua MecTO, aoie ie aa*- 
R4PH>eB0 OA B«Tpa H OA RHuie, H y ROB ie saaA^x «bvt; 
a Rao UITO ie oBTatbe .cbbo o ATMO€<»ep€Roi TenaepaTjpB, 

TBRO ce TOpMOBeTiip BeCMC naaOBKBTB BB CBJIB BpaROBS 

OA cjBi^a^ Bek ie Bai6ojbe o6eeBTji rarHa cesepB^r cxpaN^r 
B TO noAa^o oa CBavor sba** oar^va ^^ Ton^jOTa eA^aia, 
a Ba BBCBBB OA ^ — 19 CTOua^ RaKo tte6B iiBajia >Tnuaia 
Ba BCTB oaa Ton«ioTa, uito a^^^^sb oa sarpeiaue aeM^e. 



S6 



Hninoc^ie Ha T«piioMeTpy c« iia^oii sj^rjvi^oii m ca Teonon 
i^eBiiy Mopaiy ce 6p3o saniicaBaTB CTenea«» Kasoce ii«te 
TenaoTOM> uiTo A^^'JiASN 113 TOJia <ipoifaTpa<ia 9< dobbciijio 
GTaifae. TepMOMerpa. 

TonJlOTA y 3EMAH, H TOH^OTA H3B0PA. 

§48. 

npoMarpafte yifyTpaiuirocTR semjbe »p^o ie xew- 
Ro, H ica^ ce ysne hb ym , Kaiio ce no^ynpennHK 3e- 
Mjbe panyna Ha 86D ^eorpa4>: Mu.%a , a ^oca^ ce Kuie 
npo^pjio y senAjby fl^y6jbe o^ /^ MHjbe Hcno^ aeiwHor 
noBpiuHia, Hau o/^ V^, «• vcno^ MopcKor noBpiuHia : 
Mopa ce npHSHaTH 4a ie to aaucTa jspao uesnaTHO. 
MehyTMM, spe/^HO ie , ^a ce *iyie, lura ce ^oauaao o 
rouAOTH A y TaaHKei ^y6jbUHH aeMjbe. 

3pai^H Tonaaxe uito H^y o^ cynu^ npHofiuira- 
saiy ce upos noBpiiiJiie aeMAe canio Heturo y ^y6- 
jbHHy HbeHy h to spao cuopo, iep ie seMjba p^as to* 
naoHouua Ha h ^neBifa ro^uuiiba Mena TemnepaType, 
UITO ua noBpuuiiy 3eMa»e 6HBa, npModiuTaBa ce camo 
y He3HaTHy ^yf^^nny, Tano ^a ie oiia cBe HeSHaTHHia, 
lUTO ce ^y6jbe y 3ei«ia»y H^e, na y HSBecBoi ^yC^^HHH 
H cacBHM npecTaie. Ona TO^ua y senjbft^ o^Koie ce 
TonaoTa cno^^a ^y6a.e HenpocTHpe, HaauBa ce roHKa 
HenpaMBfhuse ronAort. O^ Te Tonue na ^y6jhe^ hobh- 
luasa ce TonwioTa y cpe^ifcy pyity ca 1® C na cBane 
92 CTOiie napHCRe ; h Ta TonaoTa cMaxpa ce nao yuy- 
rpauttta aejnaJhcHa ronAora y 3a Koiy ce MHcaH, ;^a Hnia 
cBoi H3Bop y camoi cpe^KHH aenijbe. 

IIoHeM 3pai\H cnoa>aiuibe TOnaoTe cnopo npo- 
A"Py y 3eM.%y : to ce hh BpeMe HaiBHiue u HaiHHHce 
TewnepaType y 3eM.i»u (^OKae /^onnpe Meua cnoa.a- 
mue TonaoTe) Heno^y^apa ca BpemeHOM HaiBHiue h 
HaiHHstfie TeMnepaType na noBpiuuiy aem^iie, Beh ie y 



57 



aemjbH uaiBefca ronaora ren y HoBeM^py, Han y ^e- 
KeM^py, a Haieeha aa/^uoha y Maly hjih y lyHniy. KaKO 
ce cnopo^ Tonaora ca noBpiuHta aeMJbe y ^yfijbHHy 
npHo6uiTaBa bh^h ce Halfio^e ory^Si , iuto lupaa 3a- 
ocTaie ioui ^yro y aeMjbH h iiouito ce yie/^ na noBp- 
uiuiy iheHOM o^KpaBH. ^y^^bHiia,, y uoioi ae^a.TOHKa 
.HenpoMei&HBe TOHAore Huie cByr^e ie^uaica; OHa aa- 
BHcH o^ MCHe TO^uxuHie aTMOc*epctte xeMnepaxype. 
Ha paauHTewby upecTaie CBana Mieua xeMneparype y 
^y6jbMHH 04 ly^ ' , ay Bauunn MecTHMa npo^upe laeua 
ro^iiiuii»e Tej^mepaxype ^o 55 — ^60 ' ^yCoKo. Ha Towe 
uiTO Mena cnojbauiibe TeMnepaxype npecxaie y. h3- 
Beciioi 4y6jbHHH seMAe ocHusa ce xo , luxo ce h y 
^yfioKHM . ao^pyMMMa xeunepaxypa npeKO ro/^Hue ue* 
anaxHO ivieifca. ^Hesne npoMeue xemnepaxype caMO ce 
n^HXKo y aeMVby npecabyiy: V/t A<> 3.' . 

Bo^a Koia Hasupe hb one .^y6jbHHe iiem^be r^e 
ce Haaaau xo4Ka HenpoMeibHBe xoiuioxe , Hua y csa- 
Ko ^o6a ro/^HHe ie^Hatty ireMnepaxypy, Koia ce o/vnpH- 
jiKue no^^pa ca cpe^^iboni xemnepaxypoM laecxa, r^^ 
ie ii3Bop. HsBopH, Koiu. ^pviaae ua BHiiier caoia ae- 
HJbe^ Hwaiy xewiiepaxypy BHxuy 04 cpe^ube xewnepa- 
xype laecxa, aaa. ie ibHxoBa xeAinepaxypa npomeibUBa, 
npem^a ie xa npomeHa ueaHaxna y ^yCjbHHu npeico 
20'. HasopH icoiH Hcxii4y Hcno^ xoiue nenpoivieibHBe 
Ton^QTej Q^aHKyiy ce ^uuioii HenpoMeibUBOii xeiiMie- 
paxypoM, uao luxo ce xo y mhofum apxeaHCBHM j5y- 
HapMMd ona»ia ; u xemnepaxypa xmx nsBopa cbc ie 
PHiua, uiXQ ie auaxHHia f^6jhHH9i ns uoie ohu Mcxuny. 



B. Berap. 

§. 49. 

Berap ce cacToiH y noicpeTaiby (xajiacaiby) ar- 
MOc*epe. Oh noCTaie yoCniTei, ua/^ ce nopemeTH pa- 
BHOTen^a aTMOc*epe5 t. i. ita^ ce aTMOc^epa na ie- 
;^HOM mecTy Ma koihm yspoKOM ia*re pacTerne h.ih 
iane sfiHie (crycHe) , raiso ^a pebH Bd3^yx crpyiH 
npeiwa ryuiheM, ^oiMe ce oner nenocTaBH paBHOTejKa 

y HiHXOBOi ryCTHHH. 

AtMOc^epcica paBHOreiKa nopeMeliaBa ce noma- 
BHTO npoAienoM Tewnepaxype na pa3HHiMi MecTHMa Ka;!^ 
ce Baa^yx na ie^HOM mecry aarpeie , oh ce pacrerne, 
nocTane pe^H h ^aKiuH , na on/^a ce y bmc no/^Hme 
H niHpH na^ okojihhm ;ia^HHiHM (rymJiHui) Baa/^yxoM. 
Thmc ce OBai norncKyie re h oh ca CBniy CTpan^ 
03^0 cxpyiH ;?^a nonyHH mccto aarpeiaHor nas^yxa. 
H Tano ce npOMenoiir ronaoxe npasH ^BOiaica cxpyia : 
npeo^ aarpeiaHH Baa/^yx nop^ume ce y bho h mnpH ce 
npeiMa aaAHHiifM necxHMa ; dpyao^ via^HmH saa^yx ca 
XHX Mecxa iypn oa^^^o na iipasHO Mecxo aarpeianor 
Bas^a^yxa. 

AxMOc^epcira pasHoxema iiopeuehaBa ce ioiu m 
crycH>aBaH>eM BO^^ene nape, Roia ce HajiasH y cacxaBy 
axMOC*epe. T. i. na^ ce BO^ena napa crycne, na ce 
Kao KHuia Ha aeMjby uajiHie: xa^a ce na mecxy, r;^e 
ie xa napa 6Haa, paape/^H axMoc^epa, xano ^a o6.ih- 
»(H>H rymKn naa^yx narao cxpyin na xo mecxo. 

§.50. 

npasaq KoiHivf ce aarpeiauH naa^yx rspehe npeivia 
•la/^HHieM mecxy , h npaBaq aa^HHier Baa/^yxa npema 
xonaHieivi mecxy , mory ce npeHua^HXH paaiium erne- 



90 

tAaMTd, TiaKO wapoMHfO neAnKHHt njiminiaMa. — Har^a 
CTpyia ryiufcet fias^yxa npewa iwe^ty pe^r Bas^yxa, 
ycae^ crycHett»a BO/^ene nape, no^nowawe ce m thmBj 
uiTO re hpH nperfiapaiby BO^ene nape y Kimiy paa- 
Bwla H3 Te nape anaTHa ronjiora. Tom TonjiOTOM z^- 
K.ie 3arpeBa ce o^AuwiUbH n^^^fx , xe ie m oTpyia 
jiaj^HHier H ryiuher BB3/^yxa m3 <;yre^CTBR yTO.tHHe 
naraRia , m lecro tbko hbimb ,^a y o^iyiHHy npebe. 

. CIh.«A 3KTPA,. 

■§• 5>.- ../ 

' BerpoBa CH.ia panyna ce no ^^aAiHnu Mecra, mro 
sexap npobe y ie^Hoi eekyn^tt\ partite no B^TpoBoi 
6p3HHH, a BerpoBa 6p3HHa onpe/^ejbyie ce no iaHHHH 
ca KoioM Bexap nonpehe ^pyra it3uia. TaKo ce icasKe^ 
^Si ie He3naTHe 6p3HHe Berap , koIh noRpehe caMo 
•iHiuKe Ha ^pBHMa; o^ Tor Bexpa 6p;KH ie OHai Be- 
rap , Koiii noKpehe h rpaH^HL^ej ioiu ie 6fHm Be- 
xap KoiH noKpete h BeauKe rpaiiej a' HaiSpmii 
ie Bexap, koih Hecamo noHpehe Beh h KpiiiH cry6oBe, 
na H caiwa ^pBa H3Ba;byie. — BexpoBH HesHaxHHie 6p- 
3HHe npoby no 12 ^o 15 cxona sa ie^Hy ceicyH^y; 
a 6pmii H iiai^pmH BexpoBH lipofey 3a ie^ny ceisyH^y 
no 32, na h no 150 cxoiia. 

BexpoBfi uixo Henpo.iase BHuie o/^ it ^o 15 cxona 
da ie/^Hry cewyH^'^y, HasKBaiy ce: serpuhunyMepenu ee- 
tpoeu ; a ohh, uixo no 32 na h ^o 150 oxona aa oet 
wy"r\y npoby? naaHBaiy ce o^yie h opumnu. 

TTo MexanHRH (na^RU o aatfoBRna noRpeTaifaa), iavima 
<*a RolOM'te^Ho noicpeH^'Fo Te^o j^apa o Apyro xe^o, re 
.H fbera noapeke^ aaBHcn o^ ^paiiHe tioR^eTaH»a u xewnii^ 
(nace) v^A9 Roie y cbom noKpexaifay yA^pa ^ Apyo xajio. 
A^R.ie H ia'iHua 3r^apa Roin aerap , aao noRpeHjTH Baa* 



60 



A3^x^.^aA«tei ohmom ij^jiJi iu>le. ^a nyTj CToin .(naKBiiai ce 
jAapoM. M..ap. nospebjr Jia^e ca BeTpmumf, B<?TpeH>aHe 

H T» A')> MOpa a^BHCHTH OA KOJHIBHe (T63KBiie) poKpeH^- 

Tor Ba345fxa b 04 $paBHe HieroBor noKp«TaH>a, Ha ochobj 
TOMe^ mepB ce cB^a Berpa o6b*iho oBaxo : b3jio9kb re Be- 
vpjr KaKaB TiepeT , na oBAa ce HarnepB BBCBBa« ao vole 
sexap Tai TepeT noABxte, t. i. iasHBa ca roIom ra ob 110- 
Kpeke ; uAnee h3aowuu eerpy Ioabq Anibe eeTpBWio » oa 
ce paqjfHa 6p3BBa Berpa no 6po\y kojibko ce njta to 
BeTpBjo aa B3Becito Bpene o6pHe. — 3a mepeibe cHjie 
Rerpa BanpaB.i>eHa ie b rtapb<iBTa cnpasa, xaKOBaaB. aneMO;- 
jterap (eerpojnep) ; ho noqeM Ta cnpaBa loui hbIc Hal- 
noyaA^HHia : to ce BerpoBa 6p3HHa b CBJia o6HqHo OAnpa- 
^HK« paqjHa, h. np* 00 uoxpeTaiby JlHuiha^ rpana b t. a- 
K8Q. ,uiTO CMO uaiipeA cnoMeiijJiH. 

IIPABAIll BETPA. 

Tta raaBHHM CTpaHaitia caexa paaaiiKyiy ce ue- 
Tupu eAaenn npaet^a e'erpa^ h cBaKit o^ h>hx HasHBa ce 
no iiMeny crpane OAi«yA ^y^a, xaKO : 

1. ceeepHU eerdpy UAU ceeepai^ (^naf^apai^J, 

Z* UCTOHHU „ « UCTOK (KOUiaBa), 

3. iyoicHu „ „ iye. 

4, aanaduu „ ^ sanad (6ejbaK). 

Tm npaBi^H Berpa oanaiyiy ce o€h4ho npBHM 
nHCMeHHua »Me«a cBor, osaKO : C; H; J; 3. 

riopeA 'I'K^ raaBHHX Bexposa paaannyiy ce ioui 
HCTupu cnopedua eerpa^ koih AyB^iy cpeAHHOM H3weby 
r.iaBHHX CTpaua CBera. CsaKOM cnopeAHOM serpy ca" 
craBAa ce HAte h3 HMeiia ohhx ^B«iy r.iaBHHx cxpana, 
H^mehy Koinx o« lAyaa , a.iH cesep h iyr HaAwauiyiy 
Apyre CTpane. H taxo ce Menipii cnopeAH^ Berpa 
HaaHBaiy: 



61 



S:, c€§epo'UCTO*iUu €4rnpy uau ce^epi^ucrou : 
6;, ceBepo*9iinndnu n n cesepoaannd i 
T., iyeo-ucr&HHu „ „ ' ij^eoucroK;^ 

'8., iyeQ-aanudnu ^ w iifeoaanad; 

Ohw ce osHa^jriy Kpafee OBano: Cff; C3 ; 
JH: J3, 

-Ila H cBaifia o^ ocam cxpaHa CBexa, woie a^b;^^ 
cnoMenycMO, ^ejiHoe na ^Boie, Tano /^a Hua cBera 16 
pasHHX BexpoBBx npaBaqa. O/^THXceoHBx ocam Koie 
ioui HHCMO HMeHOBajiH, osHanyiy xaKobe no HMeHy 
cTpatia H3Meby koIhx ^y^^\y , no TaKo ^a r.iasHa 
CTpafla cBar^a Na^maiua ; h. np. 

seTap B3Mehy O h C*/^ oaHanaBa ce : CCH: 
CH H H „ „ HCH; 

„ „ H jii Jff „ ^ HJff; 

\, JH nJ „ „ ./J//.- 

„ „ J H J3 „ „ JJ^; 

JS H & „ „ ^^.?; 

3 vi C3 „ „ 3C3; 

C3 H C „ „ CC3, 

3a onp«Ae.i»eif>e npaeqa , o^kja aerap AXBa, c^jxcii 
TasoHaaB. eerpoea pyotca. Ona ce racToiu h3 ieAHor ko- 
Tjpa, noAe.i>eHor na 8 — 16, hjih h Ha as leAHaKa o^e^ia, 
-OA Roiux le cBaiH oauaseH HMenoM ie^He CTpane ceera. 
Tai ROTjp oojioxen ie Taio, a^ ceaRH iberoB oAeA>aK 
ctoIh ynpaBO npeiia ohoI CTpaRH caeTa, oa Roie RMe hoch 
(a TasaB noaoHcai KOTjpa. ja^ui^b^ ce HarReTCiOM nraoif 
Koia noRaayie npaBai; ceaepa h iyra, RaA ce nocTaBH na 
cpeAHRj ROTjpa). Ha cpeA"HH Rorjpa naMeuiTeu ie leAan 
6apiaMHh Roin ce no seTpy oRpehe , n no oRpeTauj Tor 
6aplaqHha AOSHaie ce npasai^ sexpa. — BeTpoBe pj»e 
Mory cjiyaKHTH aa ooyaAano 03Haqeit>e BexpoBor npaai^a 
caMO OBAa, RaA ce oue naaaae na OTBope'HOM M«cTy , rra 
cy A^-iCBO ^^ CBaRor aacoRor npeAiieTa, roIrm 6h ce npa- 
aa^ aerpa npeaHaiHTa Morao. C Tora ce acTpoae pjr»e 



nocTa&'i^aij Ha spoaose brcokux ftyka^ na spxoB^ bhco- 
RHx nyjtA u T. n. — y ocTajou BeTpoeoii p^jkom oanaMyle 
ce npasai^ cano aiiaKHx Berpoea , a He h ohhx bhookhx 
aTMOC4»epcBiix CTp^ia, KoiHiia re o6Aai|B noBpeby (iioAai^). 
IToAej>eH>e »evpoBe pysae np^Ma CTpanaiia €B<!Ta 
MOHie ce npeACTaBRTH obhm o6pa3i^eji : 




•» 



Tpjli^nbK BB'PPOBA. 

§. 53. 

no Tpaiamy veTpoBit ce pa3;«HKyiy yofiuiire : 
1) KJio craAHti eerpoeUy 
Z) Kao .noBpejmeHu (aepuo&mwiu) €erpo4U , 
3) Kao npoMefhusu eerpoeu. 

1) Ctoahu eerppeu. 

CvaAHHM BerpoBiriifa npHna^aiy. 
zl) CpeosBJiHU u JftopcKU eerap: 
0) HacaTCKU Merpoeu. 

CyB0 3eMHH H MOpCKH B 6 T a p. 

Kao lUTO CMO Hanpe/^ cnoiweHyjiH, cyna acnrvba 
aarpeBa ce cyHHaHnnf apai^HMd' ^pme h iane / iiero 
mope. Sdor re Heie^RaKocm aarpetraf&a paa,«HKyte ce 
H Tenmeparypa Bas^yxa na^ cyBOM 3eMA»oii oy^ tom- 
neparypa Baa^yxa na^ MOpenr. Oko Ocaxara npe no- 
^He TentnepaTypa cyBOseniHor 'saa/^yxa ria^nl^e (Haifl- 
bhch) TeMfneparypy mopcRor Baa/^yxa ; na OH^a ce aa- 
rpeiaHH cyBoaeMHH Ba^^yx pacTeme h no^Hme y B#* 
CHHy , a jia^an • Bas^yx ca iwopa crpyin 03^0 nTpem^ 
cyBoi aeiM^bH. Ta crpyia HasiiBa ce jHapenu eerap* 
MopcKH Berap onanca ce c no^eTRa camo 6^H3y o6ajie 
H Bpjio ie c«ia6 , a^iH into ce iane aarpesa cysa ae- 
Mjba H OH ie GBe ianH h cbo ce ^a;be (na Mopy^'irpeM^a 
cBar^a caMO iteROjiHRo niH^ba) paonpooTi&pe. HsMe^y 
S H 3 caxara nocjie no^ne cysa »eMjF>a Haiiane ie aa-^ 
rpeiana, na h MopcKH aerap ^ocTHme ra/^a CBoiy nai- 
Behy cHJiy. Ilocjie xora^ ona/^a xeMneparypa na cae 
cTpaae. To ona^aibe 6HBa gpwe na cyaoi 3eMA»H aero 
Ha Mopy. ycjie/^ Tora h neie^naKOCT H3Meby cyaoae- 
MHe H MopcKe TemnepaType • nocTaie CBematfta, jpfyKjte 
ce aainocjie^ npH aa^aaKy cyaij^a , o6e TewnepaType 
H3paBHaiy, re h MopcKK Berap Ta^a npecraHe, 



rioMieM cyBoaeHHa TempepaTypsi h no sajiSisny 
cyHi^a 6paite h 3HaTHHie ona^a , Hero mopcica TCMne- 
parypa : to ce h Hohy y Kaayie paajiHKa hsm efey cyao- 
3eMHe H Mopcise TeMneparype ; caiio uito xa/^a mop- 
cKa Tenrneparypa , ycjie^ cnopHier ona^a^a , Ha^- 
maiiia (na^Biicyie) cyBoaeinHy TemnepaTypy. H xaKO 
Hohy CTpyiH paa.iabeHH cyeoaeMHH saa^yx npema mo- 
Vy 9 ^i^A koIhm ce Ton^niH eaa^yx y bhc no/^HXce. Ta 
CTpyia cyBoaeMHor saa^yxa npema mopy naaHaa ce 
cyeoseJHHU eerap. CyBoaeMHH Berap BaiiaiHiH ie npe/^ 
HSjiasaR cynqa , isa^ ie TemnepaTypa na cyaoi ze^ajbin 
HaiHHHca ; aarHM ie cBe cjia^HiH t ^onjie ce uainoc^ie 
OKO 8 caxara npe no^He no^nyno CTHuia. 

Paa^HKa iiaMe^y cyBoaeiiHe h MopcKe teMnepaType 
naHOCH BaiBHUie i — %^ H. ^asjic MopcKH h cjBoaeMna Be* 
Tap nenory no .ce6H 6bth Bpjo iaiB ; c Tora mx MopcRH. 
6poAapji H Baauaaly eerpu^u^ — CjBoaejiHB h piopcKM Be- 
Tap AJB^y npaBH.iHO caiio QHAe , r^e neMa j^pyvux aeuH- 
KHXBexpoBa, Taso a. np.y IlTa^Hlii, na BehHN leaepNiia ■ t. a. 
A r^e ce oo^^hskj ch^ibh BeTpoBH, Ty ce H>HMa mome npe* 
luia'iHTH H npasai; h ia«iHHa cysoaeMHor h MopcKor aeTpa. 
TaiQ ce H. np« nctohhiim acTpoM , roIh j^yma na uinpoROM 
CBexcRoai Mopy (oKeiaay) 6^Hay pa0HHTe»4>a^ oiaqaea Mop* 
CKH u cAat^H cyaoaeNHH aerap y aerofiHOH npoMopiy, a 
y aanaAQOM apuMopiy ($HBa cacBHM npoTUBHo. — H^me^y 
njiaHHHCKOc H AojHHCRor Baa^yxs vecro ce oiiaasaiy ORaxBe 
iicre .otpyie, sao h naiMe^y MopcBor a cyaoaeMBor Baa- 
Ayxa^ HapaBHo na leAHasor yapoxa. 

na-ca.TCKu BexpoBH. 

§. M. 

nacaTCKH aexpoBH nocxaiy , Ka^ ce aarpeiaHH 
aaa^yx Ha paBHHxejby ^Hrne y bhc, a o/| noayca aa/^- 
HHiH Baa^yx noiypH npema paBUHTejby. 



06 

Kao luTO .la^HHiH Baii^yx ca nojiyca crpyiii npema 
pasHHT.ejby oado j a aarpeiaiiH aaa/^yx ca paoiiHTejfaa 
iipeMa noaycifitta oseef taro cy h nacarcKH BeTpoRH 
/^BoiaKii: dojbthu (nojiycKu) h eof^f^u (eKBaxopeKH). 

06pTaiiveM aeiHJbe Meii»a ce npaaai; nacaTCKHM 
BerpoBHua raKO, fl,a ^ojuhh naeaTCHu BexpoBH (roIh 
H^y o^ no4yca paBHiiTCj^y) ^ysaiy oae HCTc>HHHie. 
iiiTO GAHHie paRMHTejby ^oaaae. /\ois,ie Hainoc^e OHai 
nacaTCKH nerap iiito /^ojiasH ca cesepHor nojiyoa 
Heyaiwe ceeepoucroHan.^ a OHai, uito ^Oi^aaH ca iya&Hor 
no.iyca , iyeoucTonau npasaiv UIto ^^ TH^ie ropiuix 
nacaxcKHx BeTpoaa (koIii H/^y o^ paBiiHTe^a noaycH* 
M.a), HiiixoB ie npaBai^ cBe aaiia^HHiif. uito cy /^ajbe 
o/\ paBHHTe^ba. /^OK.ie Hainocae OHai Ha iyxcHOi no- 
•lOBHHH 3eMJbe iieyane iy^osanaiaH^ a osai iia cQBep- 
Hoi noaoBHiiM cesepoaanadan ifpaaai^. H Tauo do.hueM 
ceaepoucTOHHOM h ^ojinejn i^soucroHttojn nacarcma^n ee^ 
rpy^ o^roaapaiy eopthu iyeo^anadnu ii jsopnti ceBeposa- 
nndnu naaarcKu eerap. 

^o.bUB nacaTCKH BCTpOBU HaKua^yiy paBHHTe.4>j oiiai 
sasA^x, ^iTo ny ropH>ii nacaTCKii BCTposH OA^raNnaiy, vao 
UITO H o6paTHO, ropH»ii nacaTCKu RCTposH H4KHa^ji^ no- 
•i^CHMa OHai. bosajx, uito rh ce OA>3RMa AO»i>ii>HV qacaT- 
CKHM BeipoBiiMa. -*- KaA ^» ce opaaau nacaTCKHX BeTpova 
ocHH&ao cauo na HcieAHaKoiiTH TCMiiepaT^pe : OH^a 6&k ce 
Aoa»HH ni»caTCKH aeTpoBH (uito ^yi^SLiy 04 nojiyca npeMa 
paBHHTe.f>>) HaaHBaau : ha ccBepeoi no.iOBNHH ceeepnu 
eerap (uivo ^ojasH 04 ccBcpa) » h na iysHoi noaoBRHH 
iyjtcHu sernp^ (ijjto ^o^aau c iyra) ; a ropibH oa^^aTCKH 
BerpoBN (koIh ce iioAHwy o^ paBHBTe»f»a npcMa noj^cHMa) 
naaBBdJiH 6r ce na oeBepitoi nojOBinii iysmnu serap (iuto 
^ojia3H OA paBHHTO.ba -^ oanocho ijra), h na ij^iioi n.ojio* 
Hwnn cseepHu serap (iuto A^^jiasH o;^ paBfiMTej>a — - 'OA- 
HooHo ceBfpa). Ajh Kao uivo e iroaHaro, aeMa^a ce o5p^ 
Ke oro ce6e h o«o cjhi^ oa aanaA* npeva hctoij. 

r^acHHR XVII. 5 



66 



ATMOO^epa o6pfee ce aale^iio ca seWb^OM , sola ie npn- 
Bjia<ifl. H ooqeii re noBpiiinie aeif.4be na paBHHTe.iky mii- 
6p»e, a npeMa nojijcBMa cne cnopBie o6pke: to le h 6p* 
3HHa aTMOc«»epcRpr (KSpraiba seKa na paBHBTc^y ^ nevo 
Ha nojjcuna. IIo oiSiuTen cboIctb^ .i»eif»BBO0TB 9 rBasn 
noRpeHjTB /|e«iBh amop^epe Texifi a^ ocTane j oroh rra. 
H>7y y Roie.le nocraB^en, to 4a aa^p^H h npRM.4»e8R itpa'^ 
0/tf< H 6psuHy, fi,9t%Jie n ona aTiioc«»epcKa crpyta uito 
OA no;iyea npena paBHBTe.4>7 "A^ (40jbHB nacaTOKB Be* 
TpoBw) Te»ii Aa Baa^a aaApiRn ony 6p3RBj , ca koIom ce 
3oif;ba o6pfce na ner^y. oAan^e ce ona noKpeRyja ; t© ce 
o»a If y MecTHMa 6jBaie cKBaropa noapeiie npeMa HfTOKy 
cnoptile, Hero ra neera* ycjie^ Tora oiioiieHy*ra crpyla 
3ao«taie y 6p3BifH CBe BHtne, uito ry (S.iH»e hctorj iie- 
rfa, Kpo3 Koia ohb npojiasir, afior «iera ce h *iiihb, a» t© 
H»eH npanaii cbc 3aitaAHHlB , Rao ^^ Ob ce TaRopehH c 
HCYORa noRpeTaja. H raKO, na ornoRy pasjHRe y tCMne- 
parypB na no^ycHMn n na paRHtfTe.f»y b na ocitoBy pas- 
^BRe y 5p3BHR o6pTaHia 3eM.i>e na paanoi ^eorpa4»RCRol 
lURpRHH, HMaiy ^ojb^w nacarcRR RerposR na ceRepnoi no- 
jiORBHR aeM.be ceBeponCToqan , a na Ijacnoi lyroBCToqan 
npaBaa, Rao uito cmo Hanpe^ Raaajn. — ToptbH tiacaTCRH 
BeTpoRH (iiiTO R^y OA paBHTejba npewa no^ycRMa) aajip* 
xsanaiy Befty (SpsRny o6pTaH>a b k*a 6.m3Ke nojycRMa A^^i^y? 
r^e ie o6pTaH*e cnopnte; c Tora ce oh« (SpRse npeMa 
RCTORy noRpehy , a ocraB^baly SftnaARo aa co6om Mecra, 
npeRO HolBx npciaae. Ha ' ocROny Tora RMaly ropibn fta- 
carcRR BeTpORM Ra ceRepnoi ndJiOBHRH ipeosnnndoH^ a na 
iysRHoi c^eej^SArtndaH npasaq. -i- ■ 

4o.i>HR iit^ef^ucTOHHH nnnatcKU BCTap npoeTRpe 
ce y aT;taHTCRQM oReany a<> M r aovCTenen^i, a y bojih- 
H0«i o^eany ca»a f^fi Zh, cr. ceR. niRpRHe. Trm nerpoM 
ne«a^y ce 6poAapif, Rolii nyTyiy h3 Rnpone y AMepRRy. 
OifR OA MaAeinpe noae iyacno a^ nacaTCRor Rerpa, na 
onx^ Tai Berap Tepa (SpoA nenpecTRRO aanaAy R thmc 
3*uiTe^yie R03apHMa MHoro noejia, — 4<^«.ie xe AO-^^f>' (y* 



87 



eoueroHHu nncareKU eerdp npocTHpe , nnie tq<]ho no- 
anaTOy yo6iuTe ce paqjtia, ^a oh Aon"pe AO <l CTen. ly- 
xs»e lUHpHHe. — Kao iuto /^ojbnn ceBepoHCTOMHn h A^JbHii 
lyroflCToqRH nacaTORH BCTap A^Baij mpothbhbm npaBqeii 
(leAan /ipyroM y cyKo6), a MMaij leAnasy iaHBfly : Taso ce 
OHH (yKOJHBO ce ocHHBaljr na HeieAHanocTH TeiinepaTjpe 
Ha paBHMTe.i>y u TeMnepaTjrpe na no^ycHMa) nao le/tnaKe 
a npoTHBCTaa.iieHe CH.ie yaalMHo noTBpy y npeAe^BMa r;^e 
06 cyepexaij, re tj nocTaie caxo oho noKpeTaifce saa- 
Ajxa, Rpie ce ocHHBa Ha paa^BRH 6paHHe , ca ko{om ce 
oOphe acMjba Ha iiecTBMa o^kj^ hcth BexpoBH x^A^L^e h 
na MecTBwa r^e ce ohh cyopexaly. To noRpeTaue Baa- 
Ajxa ynpaB^eno ie fipBBHAHO ox nCTOBa aana^y , h TaKo 
ce RaaKe, a* J MecTNnia, r^e ce cnoMeHjTif nacarcRH Be- 
TpoBH cycpevaiy, nocTaie o^ ifcBx rctohrh seTap. Tal 
HCTOHRH Berap cja6o ce oceha , ie^HO c TOra , iuto ce 
HieroB npaBau anaTflo cmauiyie ohhm Baa^yxoM , roIh ce 
na aeM^H aarpena^ ua ce y bhc no^BSKe; a APyro c Tora, 
IUTO ce Tai Berap na ohhm ToqRaMa aenjbe, sole ce 5pxce 
odpKy, Xy^e aaApsKaBa^ tc h Ta 0p3BHa Tor o6pTaH>a cbc 
BHuie 3Ha<teH>a aa hcth seTap HMa, xano ^a oh cne MaH>e 
upeMa aana^y aaocraiey hjih ^pyrHM peqHMa: a^ ^^ hcto- 
MHH Bexap cBe cjia6HiH. Onal iipeAea aemjbe , r^e BJia^a 
Tai c.ia6H BCTap , koIh ce <iecTO h neoceha, naanBa ce 
npe^eji Tumuue hjih eerpoeoa noKoia, Tai npe^e^ aa- 
xBara o^npHjiHRe 6 ct. uinpHne , a^H HicroBa cpeAHna 
HHie 6aiii Ha paBnHTe.f>y, Beh ie ccBcpHO o^ paBHHTC.ba. 
— Me^yTHM BerpoB noKoi y hctom npe^ejiy noqecTo ce 
npesHAa BHiopHMa, o.iyiflHOM n opKaHRiia; roih HiirAe HHcy 
xaRO CHJIOBHTH, Rao y TOM TpotiRCROM npcAOjy. — Ha OHAa, 
Me^a AO.i>iiHx riaratCRux BerpoBa h H>HXOB0r noRoia, Meiba 
ce y Te'iaiy toamhc , Rao iuto ce M€H>a no.i03Kai aeMJbe 
npoMa cyHi^y. TaRO ce noMepa Ta Me^a y aeTO hcko^hro 
cTeneHa ceBepHflie, a y auMy HeRojuKo CTenena iyHCHnie. 
Me^yTRM , TO ijroMepaH>e HeBanocn HHRaA bhuic ox 3 — 4 
CTenena. •— 

6* 



68 

Fapfhu nacarcKU eerpoeu nocjaiy cee .laARHlH, . 
II iTo Ad.be OA paBHHTejba H3MH4y. ^cMeA Tor pa3«ial^HBati>a 
oHii oe Ha Bekoi ^eorpa^ucKoi lUHpHHH cae HHase npema 
3eM.f>H cnyuiTaiy. H TaKO th aeTpoBH noBHiuaRaiy tom- 
neparypy y yiuepeiiiJM h aaAHHM noiaeuMa, HOcaNO 
Tiiue, lUTO HM 4OH0ce toiuihIh TponHCKH aasA^'Xy aeh h 
THMe y^ uiTO Tai Baa^jx oa rBoimi en>LUTaH>eM npeMa 
aeiM.hH DOA^iesKe ('Be Bcbe»i npuTHCBy aTMoc<frepe, Te ee 
CBC anaTHHie er^iuhaaa , a o thm h eae BBUie Ton^ore 
cBoioi ofcojHHH HSAate. 

TlacaTCKii seTpoBH yo6uiTe nopeMekaBaij e« j oBOMe 
ripaBi^y u y cboIoI iaHHHii paaHUM ^spoi^HMa sao B^xpo- 
BRMa Koin uocTaiy a^or iieieAHaKorTH aarpeaaiha ii paa- 
.ia^HBaH>a cjpe 9eM.i>e h iiopa ; ,^jbe npaBi;e>i r noao- 
HcaieM npHMopia , bhcokhm njaHBUaiia, KdRAoHoM e^rse aer 
m;EiC h t. a* 

IIOBPEMEHH BRTPOBH. 
§. 55. 

BerpoBM, Koui npaeHjiio HanaMeHi^e .^yaaiy. Ha- 
3iiBaiy ce noBpeMetiif BerpoBH. 

TauBii BerpoBii nocxaiy nor.iaBHxo wa ocuoey 
neie,^Maiior aarpeBaiba h padjiabuBaiba cyse aewAe h 
Mopa. OiiH ry uo.iiiaTH ynpaBO cawo na hh/^hckom 
oKeaiiy, no^^ iiMeiiOM : Myconu. MycoHH oe ooiiHBaiy 
iia Heie;]^iiaKOCTH reunepaType a-iMiaxcHe ryBe seMJbe 
If ryce^^Hor HH^iicuor OKeaiia. Ohii c« Meibaiy xauo 
npaBif^Ho 5 ^T^a iia cesepnoi CTpaHH iiH/^itcKor oueaHa 
3a iiiecT MecenH (o^^ Anpu.ta ^^o OKToSpa) ^sa ne- 
npecTaHO iyro;iana^^, a aa /^pyrHx iiiecT inecenH /^ysa 
HenpecxaHO ceBepoacxoK. — Ilpeaaa ^^ ie/^wor My- 
roiia ^^pyroMe nocpe^^vie re iipoMeH>ii.BHAi BexpoBiiAia, 
xHiiiHHOM 11 opicaHifMa. — H iia i^pBeiiOM h ria jiepcH- 
CKO-!\fopci;o!\f 3a.iHB3' 5 i;ao it iia hcxomiiom npHMopiy 



60 



A^pttKe fi iyncne AuepHKe, HMavnospeMeNHx serpoBa, 
a.m OHir iiiicy oiiaRO npaBHJtnii nao MycoHif. neh caMO 
3a HCKo BpeMe (cBane ro^^nwe) ^^yBaiy ic^^hhw npaB- 
HeM. a 3a ocra.io speiwe hjih ysiinialy npoxHeaH npa- 

Bai^* »MH Cj IIpOMeifaHBII. 

Ho iioBpeiweHH serpoBM iiocTaiy h na ochobt 
Heie;^HaKor sarpeBaiba ii pa3jab«Ban»a ^o.iHHa h bh- 
tHHa, uao M pa3aH4HHx seAUbiiiitra. Taico ce n«CKo- 
BHTa iiycTHiba Caxapa rpaHiiHii iymuo ie^^HOM bhco- 
KOM paBHHHOM. ^aK.te yc.ie/^ Heie/^HaKOCTW 3arpeBHif>a 
H pa3^abHBarfca Bas/^yxa na^ nycrrtHiOM Caxapom h 
Ba3;^yxa wa^ cyce^How ySBHiueMoivt paBHiiifOM, Kao h 
ycAe^ Tora , ijito ce necau A^*y iiar.io h iauo 3a- 
rp«Ba , a uohy narao ii iano pa3w!aHyie: npase ce y 
nycTHHiH CaxapH noapeMeHH BerpOBH, raKo ^a rawb 
no npaBH.iy no.iais ro,^HHe ^^ysa iyroHcro^HH, a no- 
.laK ro,^HHe ceBepoHCTOHUH Berap. 

IIPOMEfbHBH BETPOBH. 

§. 56. 

ripojicthueu eerpoHu Meftaiy cBaiuf Mac CBoiy ia- 
MHHy H.iH ()p3niiy. isao If CBoi npaBai^: omi iioHeica^^ 
^^ysaiy no mhtbb /^aii . a Hohy re catBHii CTHmaiy : 
noiieiia,^ oner rpaiy h BHuie .^aria h BHUie iie/^e;i>a. 
na ioHi It ,^y>iie, iiapoMHTo y npo-iehe. ii meifcaiy cBai^H 
.'^an, na m Biiuie nyra npeito ^'^aii , cBoiy iaMimy ii 
cBoi npasai^. 

ITpoMeibiiBH BerpOBH onajwaiy oe cunpo y csa- 
Koi 3eMjbH. Oiiii ce ocHiiBaiy wa saceSiiHM y3ponHMa 
Mecra. Tauo yc.ie/\ Heie^^HaKor sarpesarba Bas.'^yxa 
Ha pasHHM wecTHwa nocraiy CBaisM nac sas^yuiHe 
crpyie — BerpoBH. Kao iuto ie no3HaTO; Tewnepa- 
rypa ce Meita y csauo rV>^a ;^aiia it y ie/^How hctom 
noiacy 3eM./be (na ie^^HaKoi bec>rpa4»iiCKoi luiipHHii), 



70 



na Ha ocHoay re Heie^HaKOCTH Temneparype nenpe- 
cTaHo ce pacrem^^ u y bhc no^HMe aarpeiauH saa^yx 
ua TonAHiHiM TOiicaMa , a ua mccto H>erOBO crpyiu 
ryiuhH cyce^^Hti eaa^yx ca jia^HHinx Mecra. Ha ueKUM 
MecTHMa cnpenyiy ce o6./iai^HMa apai^H xon^OTe iuto 
H^y o^ cyHi^a, Te h TeMnepaTypa nocTaie ry iinma 
aero na ohhm mecTUMa , Koia HHcy o6.f aKom aaceifceua. 
^aKae H .la/^HHiH aas^yx h3 o6^a«iiiH\ mecTa CTpyin 
npeMa ae/^pHM MecTHMa (r^e apaqii o;^ cyai^a aecnpe- 
HHO H^y). Taicsa cxpyia saa^yxa noKaayie ce h no- 
pe^ Maae o6«iaHHHe, a.iH oaa ie iiaioceTHaia oH^a, 
Ka^.ce iiaayKy oSaai^H h3 koImx RHiiia na^a , iep ce 
KHiiiOM aaa^yx aiiaTHO paaaabyie. EjiH3y seaMKHx h 
HapoHHTO cHewHux njiaHHHa nocTaiy Bp«io necTO iaKH 
BBTpoBH, TaKo^e 36or Heie^uaKor sarpeBana aaa^yxa 
Ha BHCHHaua u y ^o^tHHaMa. HaicparKo , npoMeibHBH 
BerpoBH nocTaiy Ha ocHOsy CBuiy ohhx yapoita, ico- 
iHMa ce iipaBH Heie^naKOCT y TemnepaTypH cyce^- 
HHx Mecra. 

Bbtpoba meha. 

§. 57. 

rio ^^oca^^amifceM upoMarpaiby , aa ceaepHoi no- 
ao^HHH 3eMJbe HaWemhe ^ysa aanaduu , ua OH^^a ce* 
eepoucTOHHu eerap, 06a xa Bcxpa Mory y ie^HO hcto 
speiue ^yBaxii ; h wa,^ ohh y ie/^HO Bpejiie ^ysaiy, xa^a 

ce H3 IbHXOBHX npOXHBHMX npaBdl^a H3BO^e BexpoBH 

cBaKoiaifior npaai^a. /^oee ie npouaiuao, ^a xo h3bo- 
Aeibe ie^or aexpa H3 ^pyror, haw jneun eerpa ^asa 
OBHM pe^OM: Bexap ce Me»a aa ceBepaoi no.iOBHHH 
aeiijbe (r^e h mh ikhbiimo) no npaeuAy npaBi^em o^ 
iyea^ na npeMa aanady^ c^^^py ^ ucrony ^ n oxy^ onex 
iy^y» ^ aa iyMCiiol noaoBHua 3eNa>e cacauM npoxHBHo, 
X. i. 04 *y^«j na npema ucroKy, ceeepy^ sanady, u oxy^ 



71 

oner iyey^ — H Tanoca bqjihrom aeponaTHoiuhy mo* 
Hfe»0 Ha OBoi noJiOBHHH aemjbe ifocae aana^^iber Ba* 
Tpa (koUi o(3fii4uo BaaatHo upeMe ^ohocii) o^eKUBaTH 
/^a ce Tai seTap npasii^efti cesepa npoMene y ceBepo- 
HCTOHHJi QeTap (koik no npaBH;iy ^ohoch se^po, cyBO 
Bpeme). 3a ceBepoHCTOiHHM aefpoM ^oa^l^h no npa- 
BH*iy HCtOHHH J »a HcroMHHM 5 ly FOHCTOK z daTHM lyr, 
iyroaana^, aana^ " cesepoaana^ ; h nainocAe ceBep ; 
na OH/^a ouex cesepokcTOK h t. ^. 

BeTPOBE nOCJlBAHI^E. 

§. 58. 

CaaitH Berap o^auKyie ce Mepoivi reMnepaType 
H BaamfiocTH, no fuecry o/^icy/^^ojiaaH. H Tai«o caa- 
KOM Berpy Ha H3BecHOi\i Mt^cTy 3i>iH.i>e o^rosapa HCKa 
onpe^^ea>eHa cpedma TemnepaTVpa (repMoMeTepcna ee- 
rpoea pyoica), MefeyTBM , y paaiiiiw /\o6HMa ro/^HHe 
TeMnepaxypa HSBecHor mecra pa3aH*im> ca Bexpoii 
meifaa. ^y^^^P^^^""'^ npOMaTpaffaeM Ha Bmue Mecra 
^03Haao ee yofijuxe ^ A^ ce y EsponH y aero iyro- 
aana^HiiM , sanaAHiiM u ceB^poaanaAHiiM BerpoBitMa 
TeianepaTypa Hauane o6apa. lep tii BerpoBM ^OHoce 
HCTHHB Tona.i, a.iM Bo^eiiOM xiapoM o^HaHo iianyiben 
Baa^yx. C Tora ohh, isa^ ce na aefioi ^em'pa^iicRai 
ujHpHHH pa3aaA<3, npaoe o6aaise, na koIhx necTO kh- 
uia na^a-; xHMe ce decile. cxpaHe cupe^iyiy apamH xo- 
naoxe, koim H^y 04 cyHqa iia 3eMa>y; a c ^"^yv^ cxpaiie 
ucnapaBaifceM KHuiHHi^e 3HaxHO ce cwaibyie xonaoxa 
Mecxa. — • CeaepoHcxo^jiiH m hcxosuh sexpoBu , Koia 
^oaase ca cyBe'3ei\ia>e, Aouoce cys Bas^yx. ii pa3Be- 
/^paBaly ,Ha6o Ohm ^^Kae nOAnoMa»«y HecnpeHHo h 
^yro 3arpeBaii*e seMaie o^ spaiiosa koIh ^^aase o^ 
cyHJc^a, xe ce xaito xeMoepaxypa dnaxHO noBHiuaBa. 
AaH y 3UMy hcxu sexpoBu npase HaiBehy aa^Hohy, 



n 



no^eitt piasBe^paBaibeni no^noiiaHty H3^^aBaii.e roiiJOTe, 
Koiy aeiiijba y Ayt'Hw sHfAunn HoliHMa npHo6iiiTaBa 
oae nar.iHie h y eeJsoi weptt, iiito ie Be^^pnie He6o. 
— lysKHH 5 iyro3anav\nH h aanaAHu eeTpoBH ;\OHOce 
3HMH MHoro CHcra , a.iH MecTO H iyroBHHy. lep ohii 
;^o.ia3e 113 TonaHiiix wecxa, h HaB.iane o6.«aKe, koIh- 
wa ce cnpeMyie hoKho pas-iabHsaifee sew^be. BeTpoBH, 
lUTO ce no^mny ca a^pHKauCKe cyse sewjbe , hobh- 
cyiy 3HaTHO rewneparypy y ohbm MecTHnia Espone, 
^^O KOIKX ^oiiHpy. 

BerpoBH, koIh ^nysaiy ca bmcokhx cHeHtHHx n.ia- 
HHHa, 3HaTHo oSapaly reMneparypy y Ton-^imeiw ^66y 
ro/^HHe. — BerpoBH. koih /^ysaiy ripewo necKOBHTii\ 
II BcapKiix nycTHiba . nocTaiy npaiibe HecHOciiH h ;^o- 
ca^Rfi 36or CBoie bhcokc reMneparype ii cyiie. Ta- 
KBH BerpoBit HaicH.iHHiH cy y asHiaTCKHM ii a4>pHicaH- 
cRHiH nycTBibaMa , r;^e ce ohh y pa3iiHi\i npeAe.iiiMa h 
pa3aHHHO Hastisaiy. TaKo ce ohh y nalBHuie iwecra 
30By CfMi^M (t. i. oxpoBHii -BeTap); y Esunry 30By 
MX XajiisuH (t. i. ne^^eceTaw, iep ^yBaiy 3a 30; ^aha : 
oChiho o^ 29. AnpK^a ^o 18. lyHHia) : a na 3ana/\NOM 
Kpaiy Caxape HasHBaiy were BCTpose XapjnarnH. — 
na H y EBponii HAia SKapKiix BerpoBa. Tawo y AH^^a- 
aycKHM paBHHi\ai\fa ^ysa noneKa/^ Berap CoAano^ koIh 
/^oaaaH ca iyroiicTOKa nMn ca iyra , ii koih cBoion 
mapKoliOAi Jhy^G y necBecT Sai^a. y HraaHiii , iiapo- 
MHTO y CiinH.icKoi , y Hanojhciioi ii ua Ma.iTH ^yBa 
Bpeo iyHinri serap , CupoKKo, Ha iiycTapawa iyanie 
PycHie ^ysaiy y ly.iHiy rawobe Bpe.iii iyMCHH BerpoBii. 

Cpe^iba TeMnepaTypa Berpa npe^cTaR.ba ce kojh- 
^HHKoii , KoiH ce f^o6^\^, %9fl, ce ca6epe cpe^tba Teniie- 
pax^'pa cBHly A^na, sa Kole npeRO ro/^nHe ie^^au iicth ee- 
Tap AyBa, na ce rat 36Hp 6poieiif thx /^ana rio^e.iH. — 

O oiiacHHM epe^NM BerpoBHiia (ih.io ie CBaKoiaKHx 
npHMu. Ho BypKxnpdr , koIh ie ftaiTOMHiiie npow.MTpao 



93 



i^ytTttihe y npetioBe^a ' o vpejiHM. BeTpoBRura oBaiio : ohn 
HHoy oTpOBHH^ lep HeAOK^ice HHKanBy OBBeiij cMery. Tla 
HHle HCTHHa , HH ^a ce ifaRMa Jhyfl,H nenocpeAHo ydfliai^r. 
Csa onacHocT, uito ^ojaan o^ Rpe«iHx BerpoBa y OBOMe 
ie : OBM cBoioM HcapKohoM h rjBoKom nar.ib npexBapaly 
BOAy y napy , xaKo 4a anol ca MoneHHier TC.ia sa tm^m 
HaoaK nocTane napa h H^BeTpH, xoaisa h He^u^a oc^uie re, 
H AncaH»e nocTaue TexiKo. yc^efl, Tora siopa ee Bo^a cBaKH 
qac DBTH, a.iB H Hbe 6p4io HecTaue, DoneM h una na Bpe- 
JOM HeTpy Har.io HcaapaBa Kpos uJ}n.4>Hi^e (nope) mb- 
mnHa, y KoiBMa oe ^pxsH. IIopeA TaKse ocKy^^Bi^e y BOAHf 
•laKO ie 06UCHHTH , Kaiso y njCTHiiiaMa npoqaAaty »hyA*}f 
H »»HBOTBib9, H HBTaae KapaBane. — ; C oMtiJU ie A^raAaH 
iouj H 3(Sor oH.ieeTBa rnTiior nenKa h ripauiiiHe , xoiy y 
aTMoe4»ep3r uoABHie, Taico A^ ^^ <>A '^^ apaiiiiitie HanpaRB 
rjrvH o6jaK ^ vpoa KoiH c^Hi;e caMO c.ta6y i^pBeHBKacTy 
cBeT.ioeT B3Aaie« y to Bpenie aeaeHa Apna Har^e^aiy np- 
jbaB^ n^asa , a aTBi](e h oi^ra^a »;HBUTHH>a y.iHeiiHpe ^'a^ 
V ueyiiopHo .i^Taiy no Do.«»y , rrpaxseliB r^e he ce caKpu- 
TH. II>TUH]4H aamoTaBaiy .iBij^e napsiMaua, Aa^(>B omb , h<>c 
« jCTa caHjBajiH oa CH-tHe npaiuHHe, Roiy canyii hoch. 
ApanoKH aacTBpM o6«i^x;y TeJo 6.ia¥0My a^^ ^h K02By ra- 
^yB9i^vi oa nar.ior HOoapaBaifca h Nenyij(aBaifaa. Ha bc tof 
japoaa mnxy HerpB CBoie tcjio u ^oieM, xe c rora h na- 
aBBaiy, OHii jav Bierap 2^££«aTaii (t. i. »ioiaHHK). — Dpe- 
Tepaue iviaeoBe o onacHOCTB BpeJHX Bexpoea y nyrxH- 
u>aMa, Bane^B vy hciuto Be^yiBHB, a ueiUTo TproBi^H, na 
caMOHiBBOi'THy A^ 6b aPJ^© oa6h.iu oa xproBaHKor h;»a- 
MeTaH>a (KOHKypeni^Rie). — Ilo K, Furepy^ KaA HacxaHc 
BiapjcB BQxap y nycxBifeaNa hobhoh ce xeMnepaxypa y ja- 
Aobbhh npsKO 30^ Ao 42® li \ a na BHcoKoi paBHRUH Ko5n 
xo.iHRa ie y to Bpeme xoa.ioTa , a^ <^^ ibOMe ^yA" oHe- 
cBeuihyiy. — ' TaRO bcto Co.iaHO y AnAa.iyrKBM paBHH- 
Baua OBoioM xsapKohoM OBeoBeuuiiyie Jhy^e. CupoHKo y 
Hxa^BiB iiOAMSKe xeMiiepaTypy ao 36® ^ , 11 .i>yAe i^ko 
pa<Ma<5.f>yle. — BpejiR sexpoBB, uito A>Rai>' no iiycxap;'- 



74 



■a lysKHe Pycnie, Taxo cy JKapKH, xao a^ nsjiaae hs Kniae 
nekii; oiib o6«paiy OBi^e sao ii3rBe. 

B H i O P H. 

§. 59. 

Buiopu nocxaiy y bhiuhm MecTHMa aTiiioc*epe, 
Ka^^ ce serpoBH h.ih ojyiHHe npoTHSHor npasi^a cy- 
Ko6e 5 na cbc uito ie noKperiio y Bpr.ior erase m 
;^a./be Hoce. TaKBH BHiopH onaMcaiy ce y Maiboi Mepn 
H Ha THxoM BpcMeny, HapoMHTO npe^ naiCBy ciyiwHy, 
Ka^ npaiiiHHy y Baa^yx noce. Ajih ohh cy HaisHarHHiH 
Ha Mopy Kao eodenvi epTAoau , a na cysy Kao necKo* 
euTU euiopu. Ohh Hdrjie^aiy nena^ icao nHpaniH^a, ko*- 
loi 3a TeMejb c.ty»;H HaroMH.iaiiH o6.iaK, a Bpiuaic ioi 
ie cTpMor-iaBue oSpHyx; a Heica/^ wao crpiwa nHpa- 
MH/^a Koia HMa cBoiy ocHOBy na sevubvi^ a Bpuian ioi 
y BHC H^e — BniopH ce Mecro Bpjio 6p3o oSpJ^y oko 
ceCe, na ce y hcto Bpeivie h nanpe^ nowMiy npaB- 
i\eM B.ia^aiyher Berpa , h npe^y Hona^Ka^ no 7 — 8 
MH^a 3a ie^an caxar; u nena^ ohh oneT Bp.io cnopo 
nanpe^ H^y. laKHM sHiopHMa oCapaiy ce ;^pBa h3 ho- 
pena, c6ai;yiy ce KpoBOBH c Kyha , Ba^baiy ce xemKH 
Sa^iBauH no neKo.iHKo croTHna crona ^a^eiu) m t, n. 



r. BoA^Ha napa b ibeno Ta«io»(eii>e. 

§. 60. 

y §§. ISl. H 33. KaaajiHCMO; KdRo ce Bo^^a Ton^o- 
TOM nperaapa y napy. 

To Hcnapasaibe so^e CHsa na ceaKoi tohkh H*e- 
Hor noBpuiHia re ie h cee sHaTHHie iuto ie seha 
npocTopma eo^Hor noapuiuia (niro ie sHiiie tohkh 
3a Hcnapasaibe) ; ockm Tora, oho ie cee »suBjbe, iuto 
ie Beha Ton^OTa, h ijito ce oho (HcnapaBaii»e) maibe 
cnpeHyie npuTHCKOM o^ HanpaB4»eHe peh Jiape , Kao 
H npHTHCKOM yoGiue. 

IIoMeitt aTMoc^epa ctoih y nenpeKHAHOM ^j^o^npy 
ca noBpiiiHieM Biopa , ieaepa , pena , nOTOKa h t. /^. 
o^Hy^ BO/^a HenpecTaae Hcnapaaa : to ce Hapaeuo h 
BO^ena napa, uao apjio jiaKa, no/|HiKe y aTMOC4>epy, u 
Ty ie Baa^a iiMa. Me^yTHM MuoasHHa BO/^eHe. nape y 
aTMOc^epH Bp.io ce MeH»a , nao niTO oe meftaiy a 
ycioBH 04 Koiux aaBHCH HcnapaBa»e. yofiiiiTe ao/^a 
HcnapaBa y ariHoc^epy anaTHHie y Ton^Hiam, Hero y 
aa^HHiHM MecTHMa h BpeMeHHiia ; SHaTMHie y aexo h 
y ^aH , Hero y 3H»iy ft y ho!>; auaTHMle y peHoi (ca 
MaibHM npHTHCKoiw), Hero y ryiuhoi (ca iaHHM npnTH- 
crom) aTMOc«epH; anaTHHie Ka^ ce HanpaB.&eHa napa 
ca Ba^eHor nOBpiuHia fipao paanoca (BeTpom) , Hero 
Ka^ ce ona y sehoi fombjin na^ khm Haicyn^ba h ory^ 
cnopo y^ajbasa. ya to noaowai mecTa, RauBoha aeMJbe, 
KaKBoha cyce/^cTBa , €aH3Hiia Be.«HKHx ao/^a (mopa), 
npaaai; serpa a Afy^^ yapoi^H , o^ koihx aasacH a 
TemnepaTypa MecTa , Hnne, ^sl ce MHOMcnaa ao^eae 
nape y aTMOc^epH Tana MHorocTpy«iHo MeH»a , ^a ce 
ynpaao neMome hh roaopHTH o Tone , rojihko awa 
Bo^eue nape y i^eaoi arMOc^epa., aeh caao o Tome, 



76 



Ko.iHKO le HMB J onpe^^e^eiiOM Merry h onpe,?\ejbe- 
HOM BpeMeny. 

Hexe TeqHocTH HcnapaBaiy }KHB.i>e, nero Bo^a. One 
Te4HoCTHp Koie Har^o HcnstpaBaiy Haanaalj^ ce usserpuae 
reuHocTU, TaKO iiy HaseTpHBH u. np. eTepcRH aeiTHHH h 
uinapHTJc ({1 H3BeTpHBa vy h HQRa T^pAa Te.ia , h. np. 
ioy\ H KaH4>op). ^nea HcnapaBa Ha caoioi noapuiHHH ue- 
upecjaHQ, Kao H BOAa. 

TaJIOH(|£H>E BO^BHe nAPE. 
§. 61. 

Ka;^ re BO^'^etia napa , Koia ce y aTMo<M»epy no- 
;\H3Ke H no roi iiiMpn, Ma koihm yspoKow orycHe: ona 
oner npe.iaaii y KaiijbMHaRO reHiio craifce. 

Kao yaponH Koiunia ce Bo^eHa napa y arwoo 
*epH crycnaBa, nosHaxH cy: 

1) HmoMUJtano npuuaeA^ihe eocene nape y atMoC'- 
0epu, HoBOM napoM Koia npH^o^ia^if cBe ce ia^e 
36ma crapa napa , v^oK.ie ce Bainoc.ie HecrycHe ^o 
i&anjbHsaBor cTaifca. 

Z) OinHasathe npuTUcna. H oia^iaHHM iiphthckom 
aGMiace h crycitaBa BO^^ena napa . T^OK.ie Halnoe.ie 
Henocxatte o/^ Kbe ican^biriaBa reHHOCT. — - 

3) FasAuf^efhe aTMoctfiepe, T^e ce aTMOc*epa paa- 
•la^^u, Ty ce h BO.^eHa napa crycne. lep isao juto ce 
reaa tohjotom pacremy, xauo ce owa paa.iabHBaifceM 
aOeraBaiy^ CKyn^taiy, t. i. ibiixoBit fraicHTHHiii ^^e.iHKn. 
KOiH cy TonaoTOM ^ajbe paanfaKiryrH ie/^an oy^ ^\pyror, 
ca HonyuiTaifceM Tonaore . <*a paa.ia^HBaibeM oner ce 
36aHmyiy ii 36fiiaiy. To c6a«a«aBaii»e yKaayie ce icao 
crycHeifce, Hoiimi ce BO^eua napa iiainocie y KaiiJbH- 
saBO craifce npeBo^ii. 

Craifce reMneparype npn kow BO^^ena napa npe- 
aaaH y iian^bii^BBy Te^iiocT. NaaHBa ce povna reMne- 
ptirypa^ ti;iH poena tohkh. 



n 

••§. 6». . : .• 

HoiAuno una ao^^ene jiape y arMOCi^epH ie/^nor 
»f€^CTa , H*iH Jtepa. aTOtocffiepcfte eMi»e ^ panyHa ce ho 
•laK^KK* oa^ KoLoM ce uapa npereapa y KanjbHsaBO 
cTaibe. Ta jaK^ha aanHcii o^ npHfiwiHMseiba nape oHoi 
Mepif CBOr iHHpeiba^ ^o Koie OHa Hope^ nocTO^ieKe 
Tt^ineparype HaiBHine /^ocnexH MOHse. LUto ie 6^H»ie 
cTaibe nape pocHoi tomnm : thm niaibe .^3Aabeiba 
II4H crycibeifca T^l>a 7 sa ^ Hapa HocTaae KanAM-* 
Haaa reniiocT. . 

. KaA ce y axMoc^^epH naKynH to.ihko jiape^ ico- 
.iHKo ee y iboi iiope^ nocToieke TeMneparype Hai' 
BHiue iiaKyBitvrii MOMte : ra^a ce name . ^a ie avMO- 
c^epa napoMiaaeii^eHa. y ton ^Taiby h itaiu&.iHa'PWHie 
paa^iaheibe; ii iiaic^afiHiH apHTiicaK, u aaiiviaibH npn- 
HOBais nape 'iiihh, ^a ce BO^eiia napa cTaaoMSH y Ra« 
njbHHaBy tcmhoct. Ho to ra^OHieifce cbc ie Har.fHie 
M oSH.iHiiie: niTO ie SHaTiiHie paa^abeibe , niTO ie 
laHii upifTHcaK} Half ni'i>o ie .luaTHHiH ppMifoaaK nape. 
Ka^ ie axMOc^^epa napoit a^CHkeHa ; ican^e ce, 
eaadyx ie epAo eAajtcan, Ka^ ce axMOc^epa npHdii- 
jKyie Tqwe aacuf^eiby, uame ce y^MO: saadyx ie ejiaatcan. 
A i«a/\ y aTMOc*epH iiivia mhopo Maibe nape , Hero 
lUTO f>i* ie oiia nope/^ oooroieKe renfnepavype- npii- 
MfiTii Mop^ia , Kd/^ ie ,- ^^an.ie , aTMOo^epa* ^ajie>KO o/^ 
TOHHe 3acH^eH>a «€a napoM: va^^a ce iBame, naadyx iv 
rye. Ovyj\, ce o5iacii»aiia . nai^o y ^anapKO jieTi^e ;^o(ki 
Baa^yx mmKe-6nvn Ma&KiiHiM. fiero y :)HMit^e ^o6a. — ^ 
Tlo^^nyiio cys Baa;iyx Morao 5m 6hth canre on/^a. na/i 
y ifcCMy Hiniaao nape neSit 6hao. " • 

.. MHOi:/e CTBapH nprtiuaHo :Br>4eHy napy, sa^ e iboji 
y A^Awp Ao^y. Taxae cy ctb»ph Hi np. «4«HHa> oo , ^ja- 
Re, pH6H>a KOCT (a>HuidaiH) . €pi|e hb nepa , -fiHi^e <v^ 
i^peaa, H t. a- ^^A ^e A<*'ae aTM004«p9 • npii6jiirBiH 



w 



cBove aacakeibj ca napoM: oB^a re ■ HalaeaaaTHN- 
iii« rrycMeH»eii» na ocnoaj npNBja<ieiba TaKsnx CTsapH, 
nperaapa napa j Haa^N^^. yiiiitaif>eii •mx «anwi^Ni|a , pe- 
«fc«e CTsapii naiBai^eee ii cnojba u msnyrf^, re norfany 
JTOJHBO Tejve, a iiecTo h seKe. IUtu le BjaasHnln aaa- 
Ajm: TNM re rse BHuie KanANi|a BaK>nAa y re CTBapn, 
na TB«e ce b h»nxob BsrjieA > luixoBa TeacHHa CBe sBa^ 
THBie BeH>a« C Tora ee oBe aaaBBaiy ^JtmeoMepcka (itu- 
epocuancKm) re^a , u cjyaee aa caanaBaifceT^MOJiHKo le 
Bjaacaa Baa^jx* Cbbbob BpoiieBOB BejiB^BBe ieABor sjia- 
roBepcKor rejia : Boaee ce Apjro tcjio, Roie oe c h»b« j 
cBea J noeTaBB , noKp«BjTB vaso , ^a ce tbb nospeTOB 
osBaHaaa BpoBeaa BejiB^BBe npBor, a tbmo h aepa bbs- 
A^fuiHe BjasNOCTB f no*ieB o;^ Te aepe aaBWCB cBOBeM3pTa 
npaveHa* TasBB sjiaroBepB (xBrpoBerpB) ynoTpe6.«»aBaB« 
cy •leoTO y npe^auube apeae; ho obb nucy (iani aai- 
Deja^aHBia. 

y CBOMe raJiOBceiby Bo^eHa napa aTMOc««pcKa 
nocTdie : pocn. cjona^ offjtaHj Mmjfa^ nutua h cnee. 

P O C A. 

Kao uiTO ce Ton^ora na csaKor Te^a HenpecTano 
^ajbe npoMocH ^ raKO je^NO t^ao MOBse ocTaTH y ie- 
^HaKoi Ton40Ttt canto ^OTJie^ AOK.«e oho o^ CBoie 
OKOjiHHe y CBBKOM TpeHyhy npHMa ohojihko Ton^ore, 

K0.1BK0 H OHO Tol ORO.UIHH npHOSlUTasa. O^ MBCB, 

icaA ie^HO re-io o/^noMne ry^HTH BHUie ToniAOTe, aero 
iiiTO ie npHina : nocraie oho eae aa^HHie. 

TaKO H TeJia , Koia no^ Be/^puM uefioM CToie, 
npHoSuiTaaaiy Ton^OTy ua cse crpaae. yc«ie^ nrora, 
H noHeM ce ftHma y ee^pHM HohHwia too^iotb hh o;^- 
Ky/^ nenpH^ie: nocTaie ABxoBa remnepaTypa Hohy 
cne HHRca, ^oiMe ce cyvrn^ HanoBO neyKame. Hohno 



pB3Aah^fbe Te.ia aitaTHHie ie napanrro R04 j\o(fpiiX 
TonjiOHoma, Hero ko^ pHasinr. C i^r^ <?© <« pacTHibe h 
^pyra T^p^a tejia pas^aijyiy Ho^y iase, Hera armoc- 
4»epoKH Baa/^yx^ 

Ka^ ce /^aK^e y se^pHM Ho)iiiiia pactnae h ^pyra 
TBp^a Te^ia tOjimko paa^a^e , ^a^e oj\ mH% » wai* 
6jih»€h Bas^yx h Bo^ena napa, uito ie y ibeiny, paa- 
jia/^H H Cry'cue y KanjbHt^e , rsoie cfe nyne oko pa- 
cTH^ffra • H TBp^Hx TB^ra : raKae Kait^bitqe HflsHBaiy 
ce poca. ' 

y ponn fiMa csopo oBdr^a neiiiTO ffMewn^%e mce- 
jiKHe ; a fijiasy ejannx BO^a (iiopa), Hua y h>oI h cojih. — 

0a>|afbe poce MOSKe o/^fionetn oAna no aajiassj cylii^a, 
a na oooinMa h paaiiie. Ono rpate no cay ro^^ it H^t^ita* 
TB«ie io npeAUJTa lie oe oyni^e poAiiTM, sa^ ie n reiine-^ 
parypa paoTHH>a n craJiHHX Tejia itatHH»a. -^ 

§.^64. " ' . 

IIIto ie Belia pa3.iHKa H3i»fel^y Temneparype pa- 
cmf^a H fBp.'^ifx Te^a n TewnepaType aTMoe*epcicor 
aaa^yxa^ t. i. uito aa ^yt^e Bpeme pacxHibe if Tsp^a 
TCi^a iipHo6iiiTaBaiy a nenpiiMaiy TOU.ioTy, mro cy 
6oAe Ton.iOHouie xa re^a. Ii ihto ie B.idsKHHiH iias- 
^yx r THiM 3HaTHHia poca stopa ftacxH. 

T^Ko te B^lsa poca y npoviefce w y ieceir, Hero 
y jiero. lep cy y npd^efie h y iecen flywe eohir, re 
ce ra^a 11 Temnepatypa pacTHifca h tbp/^hx rejia ciry- 
iLira RRttKe, HeroyKpaTKH* ^terifcHM noKrtiwa. A^h Ka^ 
ie Ba.i^yx nyii B.iare, oii^a m y Jiero Mome nacTw se- 
.iiiKa poca 5 ft TdKBa poca cwarpa ce nao npexe^ia 
RHiue. — Ha roaoi seMJbH MaH>a ie poca. Hero na oe- 
iwjbi^5 Koia ie paerfiH»ein odpacjia; xano irexo <>na ie m 
iia MBpcxoi 3eMAH Maii>a, Hero na /^poflhot n necKO* 
BHXoi aeinAVi. lep xejio i^a cBaitoi TO'^rtn CBor noap- 



luuia-Hs^aie TOii^iOTy , na ce .cBe 6p»Ke h .iHaTHHie 
p/aaaa^yie iuto My i^ SHaTHHia nonpiiiHita (iiito hh9, 
BHiue Tosaua .^^a ua/^aBa&e Tonjiore); inebyTHM^ aeMvba, 
pacTMffaeM o6pacjia npe^cTasjba oneBH^HO aehe noBp- 
ijiHie iia ie^Hauoi npocTapiiiH uero roaa aeMJba; uao 
IUTO a ^po^iia H necKOBiira aenijba, Hiuaiy oneBH/^HO 
HepaBHHiy (ca BHiue Tonaiia .la H.i/^aBaibe Tonaore) 
iip9pui.HHy H.ero ^Bpcxa (sCHiena) aem^a^. y mocthm^ 
6;4U3y ae^HKHx BO^a, Hapo^HTO y npiii^iopiaMa »6ap- 
KHx aeiviajba. r^e ie aas/^yx BjaHtaH h nyH nape, na/^a 
Bpjio Be.iHKa poca. Tom pocoM 3aMeH>yie ce Kpoa Be- 
•iiiKU^^eo ro^iiiie Kuuia y mapimM ae^u^aiiia. ii H>OMe 
ce CHa»iH pacTHH^e h yfiaamaBa npeKo /^aii ae^iirKa 
npuneKa (ooMeM ce HcnapasaibeM poce cMai^yie to- 
n^OTa Hai6jiu»&0) okojihhh). HanpoTHB y nycrifibaMa 
H y cyBiiM iipe^eaHitia, r^e iwa^io nape y saa^yxy HMd, 
poca MJiif HHisaKo Hena^a, h.ih ie oHa ly Bp^o pe/^na 
M HeaHaTiia. — 

rio^ o6»ia4HifM HefioM HeMo;i«e 6htii BeaHite paa- 
.iHKe ii3Mehy rewnepaType pacTHH>a ii tbp^hx re^a h 
TeiwnepaType aas/^yxa; iep oCf.iai^H o/^6Hiaiy -onex 
^^oae oae apawe Ton^oxe, Koiw o^ aew^e uj^y ; ochw 
Tora, ua/^ ce BO/\eHa napa crycibBBa y ofi.iaK, h ra/^a 
ce aHaxaii ^^eo xon^oxe a^ivubn npiio5iuxaBa. 3aTO h 
iiena/\a poca i«a/\ ie o6.iaHiio . neh na^ ie ae^po. — 
TaKo Hcxo Hena/\a poca hh na aexpy, uaii bko ie 
npe Bexpa naaa, o^Ma ie HecxaHe, •♦iiw aexap Ay"^- 
Iep Bexap npuBO^^H xbp^hm xeaHMa cae hobh aan/^yx 
H Joapy, xe mm ce onex HaKiiabyie H3ry6.i>eifa xonjioxa, 
xaiso, ^a ce ii>iixoBa xeninepaxypa HeMoa«e ciiycxHxa 
Hcno^ xeiuiiepaxype saa^yxa. JTa on^a. sexpow ce 
yljpaaaa ucnapaBaifce, xe h ohhx pocnnx KaiiJbHi^a, Ko'.e 
cy najie, 6p3o wecxaie, — Ha ocHoey xora h y /^oam- 
iiaua iviopa na^^axu Beha poca, Hero Ha BHCHHama. Iep 
HHw ce na iihchhh o/^ pa3.iabeHHx xbp^hx xeaa h 
oQjinuiibH Baa^^^yXv pa3^a/(H . o/^Ma ce xai aaa/^yx cry- 



»1 



CHe, oreHsa h cnycTH y ^ffAimy] a na iberoBO MecTO 
;^o^e HOB HepasJia^eHH naa/^yx , koIh Kao Toni^Hin y- 
i^itOjiHRO' HaHNffbyte H3ty6jbewy Toii^OTy tbp^hm re- 
Amnaij c Koiii*»ie 'y 7^o•/^Hpy. H xaiso Hja- BHciiHif hs- 
Jiefey TC^ntiepai^ype rBp^HX te^a iif emiiepaTypeoKOU- 
uoT Baa^yxa HemosHe Shth oaoaHiie paa^itRe,^ nao y 
^oji^HH 5 r^e Te^tf Ha thxow ■ ap^w evy <!Be. ca 'hctha 
aas^yxoM y '/^o^Hpy ci'oie. THue c e- o6iaeib9«a saiiiTa 
w Ha HuGitfHM ^TBapHMd , H.:,np: Ha"rpaBH ^npe h BHiue 
poc^ Hjua*, Hiero Ha'SHcoi^ifM cfrsapiiMa (m »p> /^patma). 
— Hd cTBaptt, MOie c*» na^aae y tiaKjioMy 'i'aKc^e^ He- 
tttoitoe wacT* ^i^aiMa-poea. lep it>njioTa. Koiy aaiwo* 
ibeHa rejia ud/^aiy, b^0«ia um i^eoiieT trarpar^/^ h>h«' 
xt^iifM* 3aiMOHa. C Tdra, it iia onx^ 6it%e , iuto ee »a* 
AVtsk no^ Bi»cofffrHM TtpRHMa* (ir. np. y liiyitaiia). MaH>e 
poce' na^a :, fier^ ;Ha tfifjbe y >(?*io0d^hom H04>y; koo 
Mrro H y 6^im^s^^s^Ma , 'Orparb<eifHM bh«^(M6«im sir^ovBMa, 
Maif>e poce HM^^'nero Ha'CMoSo'/^mtm aiecTHMa. 

§. 65; 

• : CiipciHyTa poca HaauBa c^ cuatia. 

.. Poca ceempsato.) isa^, ce (>Ha tbp/^£^ iTie-ia , wa 
Koia^ona nav^a , pa».iaA<) Rcno^.ToniioiwepoKQ iiy»ie 
(Tosse oMp^aBaifra).. 'V cnoue OMpataBaiby , poca ce 
npei^Bapa y ae^eHc . Hr.iHi^e , «oie ce cacTaB^a.iy na 
yrjioee. (c aoiieitKa o^lSOf*)^ xe H3^iy ap^Q .^ene- 
o6aifiie. 

CaeiliiTo ijOBf^liaBa pm.mny wmehy remnefiAfype 
T«p^x - T^wia < H veunepaType oiu>«iHor saay/^yxa ^ cb4» 
TO noAnOMa;Ke c.iany ; a cbg iuto CMaibyie Tir.^pa^r. 
jHicy, cbc to cnpenyle cjiany. 



raacHHK XVII. 



y npojehe h y ieceu, na^ ^y ^a»H Kpahn, a uokii 
/i^yHie, TewnepaTypa, TBpAHx re.ia no/^Maise oe y y^an 
caMK^ iieKo^uiKO CTeneiiii Ha^ tohvom cMpBaBaifaa, na 
ce.y ^jTiism iiohiiita JiaKo cnymxa iirno^ re TO*iK«. 
y- TOM ciynaiy ponie.KanAMne , iiiro na^iiy Ha paa- 
4abeHa Tsp^a xejia. CMpsaaaiy ce , h otv,;^ nocTaie 
ciana. — Tawo iirxo y Be^poi if thxoI uoKh . nao. m 
iia DHCiiiiaMa , iaie oe paa^abyiy Tap^a xe.ia , na u 
c.iaiia aainiie BocTaie, iiero y nporHBHOM cayiaiy, — 
llainoc.ie ciaiia nocTaie, ir ua^ norue ^^y»^. aa^u^^Ke 
iiacTaiie lonfia ii it.iasKaH neirap. lep Ka^\ y tom cay- 
^laiy Bn/^ella napa ^ofee y ^o^Hp ra tiip/^hm re^HMa, 
Koia ry aa^pHfiaaa cnoiy np(»bauii{>y ^a/^HoKy . oiia ce 
cryrfbana y nan^i^ii^e Hoie ee h cMpaaeaiy : /^oicae ce 
u^iflaca^ TonauiKH ; aas^^yxoM iieaarpeiy h rap^a 
reaa, Koia ce iia.iaae no cao6o,^iiOM noa>y. 



Mafjia h ob««ak. 

$. ««. 

MaeAfi II o6AnK cacToie ce ii3 BeauKe rOMMae 
HaicHTiminx BO,\eHHx McypuKa. koih no saa/^yxy naoBe 
H npoBii.j^HOcf H.eroBy cwaityiy. Oim nocTaiy Ka^ ce 
B^fa^ffsaH Ba3,;\yx na- CBe crpaHe pa.iaa/^K raKO , ^a ce 
no CBeniy H>eMy BO/^eHa napa y iiaicwTHHie meypHlie 
crycwe. PaaaHRa ii.iMeby Marae ii o6aaKa caiwo ie y 
OBOiwe : Maraa ce rOMMaa iia noBpuiniy 3eM.i»e : 
a ofiaan ce BHie BitcoKo no aTMOc<i>epif/ Hfra*^ie, h3- 
iw^ty , narae h o5aaKa iieMa^ HifKaiCBe cyniTacxBeHe 
paaaHKc. ■ ' ■ 

iVIbr^o 6h ce peiiM : Maraa ie o6AaK na sbma^u ; HaH 
06.1 aK ie Maejin na eucuna. 



Ma9k^n Tpiaie., ^i>Kae .ce y c^9PH^llf Kanjbana na 
3eMJby ibecaenif; hah ^i^uae ce toimhuih saaAyxoM — 
noHiTO ce cyHne po^H — .oner y napy HespteTsopH^ 
HjiH ce rsao o6*iaK ysHc. Hena/^HrHe. Y aeTO Mar^^a 
ce. aaKa-pa3iija3«f . a«iit y iecieff h y awiy jieAiory ie 
3pai;H Tonjiore uoiii /^oaaae o^ cyHi^a caar^a na^sjia- 
/^aTH , B^h nf>u««a^^ oiiia xpajle . no "^j^Taa /^aa^t^na h 
^y»«e, • . , . • , . . . , . . 

, Ka^ qe Haraa. na ^^M.h^ cjierHe ;, 9hA^ •'^ iboii^ Sfia- 
Taa eMaH«H ^aaAyuma BAamaocT , Ta. re aioxcono naAdTH 
aeiij(kM BpeNeH>[; aJia.KaA oe. ona ,3(a«c iioAiilvH<».:. ,«haj^ ca 

ii»QUO Mar/ OCTa.|H O^JMI^H VQ^HKP. €ff>C|i>TH $ A9i aa. lf>HX 

RMiua naAf^. , t 

§. 68. 

06Aai^u Me^y co6oh paaaHHyiy 4;'e no oCiiHKyy. 
iio BHCHiiif H no 6oia. 

054HK o6aai;a .laait^^if o^ Mepe h aaHHiia iiaro- 
Mftuiaiba BO^^fHx KanatUMa^ h.i aoiav ce oh eacraiH. y 
TOUT nor^^e^y paaaHKyiy. ce OBHn-oeJweuru, mdoeu:^ 

1) ilepiaeiu o0aa^u (uoie i\iiQpttapH fia:ianaiy Ma*, 
yuiu pen). Ohu ce yKaayiy nacae Ayror aenor »pe- 
Moaa, IWI.O neiKHe 6e4^ wpyi'e iia naa»OM aeCy V ?«*^^' ^y^ 

KOHHa^TH U^ll KOBp'iaCT% MdC 6H>iea»ttH H.Ui n^pidSH,. 

sac OMex. Mp^macTO upenat^TeaH it yiipuiveHa; a osa- 
r^a ce Bp.io aiii^OKo BHiy. — lia^ cynepiaau oCjiai^H 
fia ie^aoM npaiy ppxaTH.,. ^ iia ^pyroM hy6acTi| : ohh. 
ce HaaHBaiy eerpu^^Lue ^ iep h>iixob ap^. o6hsho noKa- 
ayie o^wy/v s^tap^aa. 

2) r^jOTU {naeo^ujumu^ 36uienu} o6Aat^ (Aeri^a 
o(UaHUHa^ naMynuu dffhKQ^u Mao iuto hx MopuapH ;)o*> 
By)- OH*f uocxaiy iiapo»iHTo y TOn^o ^ojJa ro^HHe m 
y HQ/^He^ Ka^ aoAd. aarao iicnapaBa, h ua/^ ce Tonaa 

6* 



M 



Baa^yx iiar^o y bhc no/^mKe; h Hsrae/^aiy pcao no- 
jiyKpysKHH CperoBH, h^h, Ka^ Hxcym^e ocseT^iH, npe^- 
eraB^aij t ce y roiiiH.Aa!^a isao -cfieMiHe n^iaimife. 

3) OAactnB agU/m fi3r;ie^ Kao piLSumpenet Ma« 
r^a, HViH HBO !iiar;ia cpy^jbena h c ie^He h c^pyre 
cTpaiie, Koia ce y Be^e cjteme nsi .iHBa^e h Ha BO^y, 
a Haiyrpa, noiiiTO ee cyitue po^it, oner ce pa»H^a3H. 

• Ka^ <'e rrppiaiu o6Aa%U Jitdxsy y fipyr^Ma Btiiue na^ 
roiiH.iaHHM^ Hero sa cc6e aA^JbeuHM : snaR ie , a^ ^^ ^'^* 
]uoc«i>epa B^aiKHa , hjh a^ ha OHoi biichhh , r^e cy th 
o6jai;H^ A7nd' B^ias^aH Baa^jx^ ^^ re h xnmH uaAat^ mo- 
;(:eMii. •>— '/^^c?rtr.i7 oCAnna Hsrientiie nira-j nalrorf^iHitf ^o^ 
AdHa, aaTHM nx-ciie lyRdie* wecTaie, 'A^'itJie ce okq 3aja3Ra 
oyn^a fie<So cacnnM 'Heiiaae^^pii ; ff6<ieM re ryctif o6.iai^fi 
enjoTC J TonJHle ojoieae Ba34jxa , na ce ry onet y 
napy npeTRope. ^osje po^.^th o6^a]^H tiMaiy no.ijKf)jx<aH 
BHA» neTpe5a ce 6oiaTii Knuie; ohh cy CBar^a 3HaK caMO 
Ht^3iiaTiior noRpeTaUti- naa^yxa. -^ - ' ' • 



' Ocmi' f<nt>MeiryTifx iMasHifx o^^^BKa, pa3*im«yiy ce 
no o6.iHKy ioiu n- o^i^'^nopednu Wd6BU\\noxn cy »ji» 
npeaaa ie^Hor rAavHpr ofi.i'arta y /^pym ; h^i* dy cie- 
^^H^»€»e r,iaBHH% o6.ia'na) : 

-1) flepi/tt^o-^f^rti oiUatfiiyHoiH npefl,e*rViBjbViiy npe- 
•laa^n^piattor oS^aua y rycxH o6aaK. Own ce cacroie 
H3 MHOrHK OKpyPi^dCTHx it BffcoKMx o6jtSLHHhay Mom ce 
30By if oBUut^,' y jieTtte seiepfi, naicasyly ce ^ecro' 
rip^io Be.iitifu, H ca cBniy ctpana Jieiio cpySjbenw nep- 
iaeo-rycTH oS.iai^H. • « 

5) nepiaeo-rtAacTaeu o6Aaii,u o^aHKviy. ce CBO- 
iHw /^a^eKiiM paiiiitpeii»eM . cboiow HesHaTHOAt rjxTM- 
HOW; Ka/^ ce ynaiKy y^aeiiHTy-, npe^^eraajbaiy ie^a« 
n;iacf, ca^^enyT o^ mhochk cfttHHx o6.iaHn!ia; ajiii na^v 
cy Ha Kpaiy BH/^Hor He5a (na xopHSOHry) ^ na hw ce 



» 



caMO nonpeMHa cvpaiia nu^n: narae/^aiy nao HeKa 
rycva,: ^aaeico iipyatf4$Ha 6pa8Aa* ^ecTO ee h cbo iieCo 
HBBy^e nepidBO-n.iacTaBHM o5jiaHOM , ifaio ' KaKwa* 
GejHM 3acTHpoM, ROiH ce cae BHfue crymhaBa, ^okac 
ce uauaocAe iie34uie y* chbii odan ca KOHHecTim 
aispaiii^iiMa , ^tb y ^ajbiiuif uarae^a nao Fy<:;Ta Marjia. 
H3 Tor o&iaifa na/|a khiub , aCor nera. ce oh H.Ha- 
3»iia nuuiuu. o^^a.K. ->— Oiiii QCjianH, luro .iiaii e« ua 
aaaa^Ky cyHi^^a. ^e^ATO. yicaayiy y oiioi BBJiHnaca^iaer 
Hoi Colli 9 opHoa^aiy. oShsho .iiepiaBO-njiacTapHM 
o6^ajoHva« , - . ■ - 

^aiy nap caQxaBJii.eHii h3 rycriix h n^acTaBiH)^' ogjia*- 
na, a^iH ce ,MOiry. cipaTpaTH » xao. npeaa^ rycTax 
o6«ia«a y i&timH^ ofiAaK, ; • .:..'. 

, nepiaao-^eycTU od^aHU, pM^rpaiy .cft .ooogia Aywier 
aJa]KiV»r Bpenena.vao ^aana ifoao4»HHie ,110m i -^ J^.um^- 
UiHoe iy^aifOina^a q6h<ujio^, THia VAiu^r 'oia A^ro. rp^t^ 11 
uaAA-i^no 4;j^ opacTHpe (npe4e^,Ha ^t^iujij^' Ty »jiuij|.,AOr 
HOCH o6hmbo Ton^H B.iaa:HH BeTap (ijr)..Tai.4y»a c np* 
qerna no bbciihh, npaBetan nepiaBe o5;iaKe, koIh ce noc^e 
c BeTpoM cBe BRBce cnjrm'^aly/ pi,o^,\e ce aainoc^e Heca- 
onaBe ^ o6.mTH Rmuiiii oXi^px. / .• i 

§. 70. 

Ho BHciaitf, Ha.:isoioi ceffa4a3e, o.CLiau^i ce: ap^io 
pas^HKyiy. ,Kao utxo ce ^oc^/^ ojaaanBaao : 

1) HaiBHiue ce iio^^iNfy nepiaaH .<^6.1a^H. .Ubu* 
xoBa jiHcaaia pasyna- ce ycpe^^iby pyay oko* 20.000. 
CTona Ha/v 3eM4»OM; a..OHH. ce Mory yaBHCHTM h ^o 
ie^Hy MHjby. ...» . . 

*) HuMce ce BBiy rycxH oS.iaqH. H»uxoBa cpe^iba 
BBcnna cbo^h ce na 500 CTona. y .lexo no^^nmy ce 
OHM Ha,^ cyaoM acMjbOM o^ 3000 ,^0 10.000 cxoria bh- 
coKO, a Ha;^ CBercKiiM Mopeiw o^ 2700 /^o 4200 crona. 



m 



' 9) O611MHO oe Bpao rhcro bhij UHuiNti h yoSuiTe 
tt.tamRK o6i^ai^ir. H>HxoBa BHCHna Mei^a ce Bdiwebj 
15©^ H 5000 cTona. 

IfoMeM Ha BKCHBH ncplasHK ~o5.iaKa Tentnepar^pa ar- 
ii6cv»«rpe BfMo MMCvo (HenoA Hjr.ie) cT6iH : to ie tBh npH^ 
.i'HKa, A^ ^6 I'M o5jiai^ii oacTole 113 chthhx ^e^eiiHi^a ; iuto 
ce noTBpi^>f ie h 6^eiUTeKo« 5e.io1iOM it>iixoBo«i. — KhiIirIi 
H BJis^miiH o5.iai^H, nouiTO nar^^e neiuTO o^ CBoie B^are, 
re tt0crB»y pe^n, noj^nmy ce » na bcKj sAcHHy. 

Kao iiiTO cy y .lero, 36or ieAHBMnier noft,e.'beth\i to- 
n.W)te, BerpoBii ca crpaHa c»ia5HtH Hero y ocxa^a ro^H- 
iiiH>a B|>«*eHa: tbko ce y jeTo Ton.ie CTpyle BaaAjxa a 
>8 u>hA h' b04ai^H Hecnpe<iliHte m A^jbe y bhc rtoABiKj, 
Hero y 3hmj, y xtapKOM nolacy o6^ai;H ce n3 Hcr6r ys- 
poKa bhIj no Beboi BHCHBHy iiero ko^ Bac. IIo Xyjn6oATy 
BHiy ce 'cf((:fauif y HcapiOM nofacy oko 9 — la fi^ba^a cToria 
b'Acoito, y IIlBaii^apCKOi o^jHtfttaty rycTk o6.iai](H Bpxoise 
n.iaRHba BeK na bhcbhh 04 5ooo CTona. IIIto te A^.tiH 
odjiail: on uaraeAa cse MdH*^ Kao h cBdva AP>^d CTBap, 
RaA ie y A^-t^HBH, 

§• 71- , ..- .. 

Boia o5.iaKa aaBHCH o;^ H>H\oBor no.ioRcaia cnpdM 
ryHna h cnpaiti oHora , ko hx r.ie^a; Kao h o^ h.h- 
xoBe rycTHHe. 

rycTB o^jiai^H wyne *y <3e6e apaxe cBeT.iocTH, 
re HSr^e^aiy MpaMHR : pe/^ifiii aS-iaqft Trponyiirraiy re 
apaue, re H3r»ie;\aty <Je.iK*racTi4. 

O/^ OHrtx o[5.iaKa' iiito cy «a i«paiy Brt^nor Hetfa 
(Ha xopiiaoHfy) MOane nam cawo c.ia^a*ii(a cBeT.iocT 
^^ohn; c Tora ohh narae^^aiy xasHU. 



«7 
Khiiia H CHKr. 

- §. 72. 

Kuma nocTarie ira ofi^aRa . nn^ onai Haiibe ua 
Baa^yx Koitr ie saaroM aacnheir, na ce iberaaH mey- 
pHha crycHy y sehe Ka njbe, icoie Ha seMjby na^aiy m 
yanyT cb« npy nuHie nocraty. 

3^r aaa^^ymHor o^nopa cHTfie KniuK« waiiAe 
Heinory spao Cpao Ha aoMJby na/^arN. Ai^h Ka^ na^aiy 
ca aaaTHe BHCHne* oue ce iia ocnoBy in^yeifcavafi&a 
B^awHor Baa^yxa yanyr noaeliaiy , na narao na ae- 
Mjby na^aiy (y TponHcnMM npe^ejiHiaa raito aarjio, /^a 
ee^ocelia y^ap o^ khx na roaoi HOBeMiiioi koskh)^ " 

Kpyiiifa HHiua , »ola spao narao < — SyiHO na^a', 
Haaiffsa ee nAjfoau (nAaxotura nmtifty 6yiu^a). A Ka^ Kff- 
uta H3 ofiaaica y MJiaaeBHtwa, nao y noTOLtmna . u ca 
crpaxOBirroH CpaHHOM na 9«MAy iypii: to ce aose 
npoBOAm aiUaua. 

KHiuay Roia y cbtuhIum Kan^ibama h cnopo ua ae* 
M^by na^a , uaauBa ce Tua?a Kuwa. A aa Ruuiy , Roia 
BpAO cnopo H y Bpjo chthhm KanAiiifaMa na^a, Raace 
ce /|a cunu, poMUthm rjih pocu, 

KHiuibe vaa^e c no<ieTia vy TaRO cirrHe, a^ owe a 
He^tecoy 40 zenjhe , aeh ce y voojiNiew 4o.i>H»eM HaaAyx^ 
one-p y napy opeTaope, a«o can© Tal aa^Ayx HHie aacn- 
tkOH aaAeHOM' napoa. Ho aico le ao.^hii Baa^yx aacaheH 
HOAenoM BapoM : on^a ee RRUiHe ican.bifi^e noa <3kaaaij> 
npOiiaaeka Kpoa Tasaa aaaAyx* lep noMea oae 4o«iaa6 ea 
BMirnHe r^e ie 4a4aai6 : fo ce h ao^eHa napa ansKer, to- 
it.iMier^ aaaAjxa aopa oaa tbax T».ioa;ntii aao a oko caa- 
Hor .laAHor To.ta, a Taae ax ifOBefciaaaTii. To noBefcaeaiite 
6alie Hapaaao cae 3iravitM4e (aHUfa cBe KpynRHiii) , uito 
Ayaee aauilie aaiKiie xpoa TOnjinla ajiaasHH aaa^yx up'OA*^^, 
n uiToie Tat aaa^yx nyaaiH BO^eae nape. Taxo vy aauiHe 



88 



Kan.i»e na BHroRHM 6j)^^QBi|ya yi^yni CHTHnle, nero y ao- 
jiHHaMa ; -raKo c^r oue y jexo, oco5hto y noseTKy Bnuie, 
MHoro BpynHHi"*, nero j ^^AHHie Ao6a roAHue, KaA ueiia 
eejiHHe paa^nse nsMe^j xeiinepaType ropiher h Tewnepa- 
Tjpe. AO«i»H>ar aasAyj^a; xau uito cy u y av^pj^on fioiacy 
KHUUie Ka«.i>e HHorot KpyuMfile (hvuxob upemiiiK. qearo t 
na^ftil tt3HocH)> Hero aa SHaTHHlov ^eorpa^i'HCKiOi uinpHMH, 
Hs BCTor yapoKa r naacoeure nume naAaiy Meuihe y Tpo'^ 
iiBCftaii opeA^-AHMay a caMO y jexo j.yii^peHHM nalacHMa. 
T— Tacofi^dB^ npoeaaa o6AaKa aooT«ie oSflnaa > r»a ce 
saaaA hhckh. o6jak aayOTasH Ka«BOM ji^aHBHoa , Taso Aa 
c*e iie«o»e. Aa-i>e. RpeTarA. ^'TOH c«tyqaiy boa^hh aeypii&H 
odaaRa 36niy ce y: HRjuiie . Rao^e, Koie ce qecro cjihIj y 
M^aaeae, Te nao noToiJ(H aarjo aa aeajby ijpe. Ho npo- 
npoaa^a. io5i;«aRa <Aora1^a ce <iecv4)t a aa paaaiai^ajva, RaA 
ABa aerpfa pporaBHor npaai^a RaRaa o6jiaa npaTaeaj. < — - 
IIoB6RaA cei'.BeTpoii patnecy a aa bjmo aaaxay an- 
OBfly noAH|*«iy OHTne opraflHqae ^^Taapa ) a. np. ^aeraa 
npauiaR b t. a- Te cTBapn noMeiuaty ea mbcto ca rh- 
uiBHM Ran<^a^aMa , Teaa 6oiy npaAaiy , TaKo a^ Rama 
RSfijeAa .aayva, vjh/ utpaeaa a t. a H sa Tauay aamy Raw 
ace npoorai eaeT , ^a- ie vyMaopona «jih npeasa nuutn. 
laRRM aeTpoBHaa aory ee a RpyaaHie- OTaapa y aefaoi ro* 
, MBaa ca aea.'be y bbc noAHKa, na oxyA RHuioa onex Ao.ie 
eaeva. -^ A aacaaao ce a^ a -aeRa caTaa aKaaovatba ca 
RNHiOM. naAAi Ho lo'MfMUJheme aocxaao ie aapoHirro OTy* 
Aa, lUTO ce onaaaAo , a* <"» CHTHe aia6a^e Hiacvie Rauie 
aa cae CTpaiie yRaayiy. Mel^yTHa ana ee^ rbro vejHa6aiii^ 
H^DBAaiy* y rbuih , aeb jioase »a ae«4>H, o6a9Ho y npa- 
lUHay .aatipeTauey na RaA nocjie A^aae. cyiae RHUja oaAae^ 
oae ee npo<5yAe a roMa«iaaa aa bha^^o aaal^y. Baa « ae* 
HasBBx aBuieaa^ iuto ce nooaeiaaiue ao« aovby yRaayiy. 
Aja ndaHaxe aaicaTaal(3«.acaBOTiiifcai^e (HHi»y3opaie), xaKo 
ey aafse , aa ^^ aaiaoarao aoAeaoa- napoa aocy y aac 
OAaeTa , aa Tea c Ratumi aa seikMiy cbbtb. < — Y ocrrajioa 
RBuiaai^a aa asa cc6e aate noAayao nacra aoAa, »et> y tbot 



•wa' bBiK<i4acii!x CTpapH; Ksor-xpeqa; Hajini^, pboih^ii^ hbh- 
ranay co.tB , oyjioopese KSicejiHHe ^ yvj^^mmHrne . KB^^jkmme^^ 
•MOMpiaBa ii;Ti;4# H Te ot^apH* n^j^/amy oe^y. ariiAo^epj 
ca»aeM.i>e mah , Berpoii , imb y» napy, y^'AiH^K b «*, ou ; 
npeiiAa e« avoHBiaa h j^rjbBBBHsa! RBoe^BBa y • oa«7aB> 
aiiBoc*epe opa^MiJHo Ha4a9e , Te ce ot^A/ i^HuipM aa ae« 

.. - §. 71. ^ • ...■■■. 

.,. , Cue^, juocTaie ^ ua^. ce . BO^ena. qapa wa .imci^ai 
TemnepaTypH y rajioHceNby CMpaasa. 

Kao uiTO ie noauaTo^ oCjiau^H ce noHaiBHiiie sniy 
no BHCHHU , r/^e ie xewnepaTypa xaKO HHcna , ^a ce 
xy no^eHir meypnnhH, 'hs Roiftxxe'O&iaa' cacxoiirf,' mory 
eme/^HXH y'iCHxive- RpHcxajiHlie. Tokm RpucTa.iHiiH fia3H«- 
Baiy ce cMee. Oiih nocxaiy CBe KpynflHiw y cBom« 
na^aifcy na aeitfjby , nao ii KHuiiie KanjbHii^e , ka^ ie 
canfD H y '^o^ibiii^eM Boa^yxy xewHepaxypa HH^Ka. 

CueMiHH KpHcxaaH^iH pa3aHHiio MSiMe^aiy, a no- 
HaiBiiineHMaiy oGjuui iiiecxoapaMHe 3Be3^^Mne. — ^ 
H>iiMa HMa V\i^tTa Baa^yxa. *to le yapOK . rnxo cHer 
apaifie ' CBexjiocTH Harpar o/^^Hia, xe H3/^aie OHiaKci aa- 
ceibaBaiyhy Cejiohy. 

JIoHeifaA K y cHery Mjwp pacxHtb^i^iix cTBapifj 
ifoie !Vy npH^aiy ^^p^ejiy 6oij, 

KaA ie a<)«^hh sas^yx xonaji , xa^a ce y ibeuy W9nh 
cHeNiHfl BpHOva.i«lhBy BOB ^ojiaae Na -jiaAHor ropii>0r Bas- 
A93ia,.n y; x#Mfe»iy«]aiy.A00D6Baljf('0HH: saa vniiiHe Raii;«»e 
Ha. seM^y. MO.tyAa> o^ o<>laGibasac aauixo - y I^aho hcto 
BpeMe. Ha'paBWRH^H^BBOfla, a na^ bvcokbii n.ranrHHSiMa:<Mer 
naAa ; xao B.ivy 'un9 y xohvibm necTRUa h y xoiMa ape** 
Meaa Miner HeifdAa^ '«aKo«c*e o45jiai)B'BRly<fio bb^hhh, rAe 
ie- Teafnefpavypa Bfijo 'mioiBa (acnoA re^vKe-'cup^aBflH^a') -^ 



cMeiKiifi spncTMiiibii nemory a« ce nQ^^ojrHo oAnpase y 
AO.f>ibeM BaaTAyxy ^ sek ce cjiveaiy y MenpoBHAHa apiia ■ 
caAaly Ha seM^fij xao TaKouaaB. npyna (t^ueanu). A qervo 
c« imtUHe lan.fkRi^ey naAatyhH h3 o6jiaia y tea y A^-^t^^* 
(.taAitoa) BasAyxy capaey y CHTRa tienponiiAHa ^hs. To 
6BBa aapoMHTO 3hmh , rha noejie xyve JiaAHofce Ayne y 
ropifaoi aTMOc^epH iyacRH Berap , koIh RMiuy hoch, Te ce 
TaKO BHuiue Kan.be y JiaANBiev ao*^^<)* BasAyxy cMpaa- 
Baty; bo to 6BBa h laA ce lyasHB aerap , Koin ie VHiuy 
AOHeo uanpevai; saiieHH jiaAiinit ceaepuHM BeTpoB , Roiii 
HBCRO AJBa. 

§. 74. ' 

no ^^oca^aiuAUM iicKycTBHiia ^ skijiw^ ce yofiiure 
uaaaTM : r^e Muta MHoro B»iare y aTMOC4»epM : ry Hiia 
H MHoro luiuie h enera. 

H rauo : . 

1) Baara h3 aTMOc^epe cse ce y sehoi mepn 
Kao BO^a (KHLUHHqa H cHeacHiii^a) Ha aenijby ciHsa, 
uiTO ie Koie wecxo 6*inHie paeMH-re^y h.im mopy. 

2) Ho Mepa xe B.iare Huie iih iia ie/^Hoin hctom 
Mecxy caaKe ro^^MHe ie^H^ua . Beh ce ona no ro^^M- 
nania Menia. 

3) ycicA Tora ro,|HmH>a mepa cnoiaenyTe B.iare 
MOiiie ce panyHaTH cawo y epedn»y pyKt/: t. i. ohb ce 
npoMarpa 3a BHiiie ro/^HHa, na ce yawe cpe^\H.H 6poi 
H3 6poieBa, koIh npe^CTaB.baiy mepe B.iare o^ 3ace- 
($HHK ro/:^HHa. 

4) roAiiuiH>a Mepa B.iare . CTaaoBtene U3 btmoc- 
«»epe iia 3eM./by, pas^fitsHO ie no^^e^ieHa wa pasna ro- 
^HiiiH>a BpeMeua (napasHO Ha vehoi ^eorpa«f*HCKoi 
iUHpuHH . r/^e Hiua paaHHx ro^^Kjit»M\ BpeMeiia) . h tb 
paa.iHKa HHie ie^^itaKa ua cHmia MecTiima. 

5) Fo^^HiuHba Mepa cTa.iojKette B^tare ir.i aTWoc- 
«epe HeaaBiiCH cawo o^i^ 6poia B.ia9iiMH\ ^^aua y ro« 



91 



;^HNM , ^Beh H o^ TMHOsitHHe Biiare ihto ce y cBauoM 
raaory H3Anm • 

6) Ha ocHOBy mecTHnx ot/^HOuiaia, ro^vuiiba Mepa 
era^oaRene B.«are moace Her^e 6hth mmoto anaTHHia, 
ni$ro iHTO 0H nf) Heorpa^BCHoi luiipHHH (>ii.ia-; a MOiwe 
tiuTH H MHoro HeaaaTHHia , Rao uiro ce Moate ^oro- 
^HTH, H TO, /\a aTMdc4>ep€Ka B.iara ttiiKaao ii iiena^a 
Ha 3^M«>y« 

§.75. 

^aaae y acapicoiif noiary yotfiure arMOc^^epeita 
B.iara cAMaa ce na aeMjby y HaiBehoi Mepa. Ty KHuia 
na^^a noBpemeHo, raKO ^a ce ry paa.iaRyly humna h 
cymna epejiena^ aaif icao iuto Hn^HiaHir iia OpHiiOicy 
Kaacy : cyuHava ti off^ayna epejveHa. — HsMeby 4® h 9® 
c. lunpHHe iroBt/ia'iH ce ie^an noiaciih oko seyijbe , y 
KOM CROpo HenpecraHO RHuia na/^a. — y yMepeaHw 
noiacesHMa na/^a Kama Kpoa caa ro^iiiuiba apeMeaa, 
HO cdMO Heie^iiaKO y paaiia ro^Hiuiba Bpenieiia, h to 
aena^ y ie^ao, a neaa^ y APy**^ ^oCa ro^Hiie Haieii- 
uie. y CpCaiii cy oCh'iho y iecea h y npo.iehe iiai- 
sehe KHiue. E.iii3y !«opa ii ae^iifKHx eo^a , /^aa.ie y 
npuMopiaMa ii aa ocTpoaiiMa no iipaaaay aehe cy 
KHiiie , aero y wecT«i«ia y^ajbeHHM o^ Mopa a o^^ ae- 
•iRKifx BO,^a. TaKo ce ii. np. Haui^o , ^a ce Mepa hh 
uiHifne y aiir.iecKHM npaiHopiaMa paii.ufKjie o^ Mepe 
KHiuiiHi^e y HeMaMiniM paaiiai^aMa icao 21 : IZ, — LUto 
ce TH»ie 6poia iiIiiuhhx ,^aiia n inaoaaiHe aacefaax 
Ta.iora, y oSuiTe'ce aaa : ,?\a ie BHiiie KHiiiitax ^aHa. 
,^a Heiuhe aatua na^a OH^\e^ v^e ce TewnepaTypa Me- 
iiilie II aaaTHaie MeR>a: a y ie^ao hcto ape^e a:).iHRa 
ce BHiJie RHiLie aa ^\y6jhni(ii MecTHMa, aero na bhiiium* 
noHeia ce aiimae aani^aiJie cBe aaaTaHie HOBekaaaiy, 
]iiTO»>Baaie na^^aiy. Bpoi- KHMiaMX.* ^aaa aa ceaeptMii 
nowiarBMaa seMjbo cBe ie Befen o^^ ivFa npena cesepy. 



» 



TaKO( ce' y cpe^tuy pyuy pa«iy.Ha : y i,y«sHoi*EBpo)iii 
120 5 y cpeAftoi Ee^pojiii 146 , a y ceBepnol 180- im- 
iuffHx v^aita. . To ce- npitttiioyie. tomb , iuto , -ce Hpema 
ceitepy if TeniiiepaTypa cue 'leoilve h 3HaTHHle mema^* 
AuH'na iyry ce- ofiaanw BHiy Bmiw?, a Ha ceeepy Hwate, 
na cy h nmuHe fianjbu^e (h .CKexmH RpneTaaHfiH) Kpy- 
mftfiH Ha iyry Hero ■ Ha- ceaepy.'- C rora ce* na iyry h 
caHBa aTMOc^epcKa B.iara y Behoi mepa. nero -Ha cd«- 
Bcpy 5 HaKO ie 6poi khuihhx /^ana na cesepy Behn 
Taico ce Ha paBHUTejby aa 78 fsnuiHHX ^ana na^inie 
KHiiiHHi^e y cpe^iby pyisy 88 na^ai^a (^yCoKo) : a y 
neT|>o6ypry y (PycHia) aa 168 KHiufuix ^ana Hsjinie 
ce:«a QfeM^y y epe^Kiy pyKy- cawo 17 jislj^hhq aTMOc- 
it>epcK« B^are- — i « 



y Beorpa/^^ 6hjo le y ro^HUH 

1853 H 



1854. 



r • .. 


nil- 

IUH«X 

Aaua 


iiepa BHUJHHiv? 


AaHa 


u^epa EHUiHHue 


3a cBy roA. 


>35 


521.2, nap. JiHH. 


124 
S6 ' 


421.^ qap, JHH. 


y Bnuy. 


31 


T5», D „ , 


t03.^ r .» 


y ri{>o.iehe 


45'. 


141.3 ,; „ 


29 


'45.^ ■ „ 1, • 


y aeTo' 


26 


113^ « 


35 


184-4 ^ „ 


^ ieccH. 


26 


.. 9^» « P 


.25 


126.3 „ „ 



. , (B. ^A^ip^ABonHC Cep6Hie,** nanHcao h nd^ao B^a- 
^HA^Hp (asuiHh^ ,9pBa e.Be3,Ka 1855. cxp. 44 a 46.) 



O sace^Nitiir Mecmirm o^HOiiiaiifMa Bna* ce- obo* 
aifHO']: y MecTHMa^ Kma'cyimicoiiiiM ii«iaHHHai»a''3ai»;io* 
neffa npOTiiBy aerpoBa ; 3ana/^a.'4yroaana/\a imh ce^ 



9» 



Bepoaana^a, cjHtsa c# •Qtiioc«^]ieK& BJiara npeKO ro- 
^HHe y MBiboi Mepn; nsL ry ie indifeH h 6p6i khiuhhx 
^aHa. lep Ka^ th B.iamHK BerpoBH ^o^y ^o bhcokhx 
n.iaHHHa : OH^a ce iia njianHHCKHM BpxoBtiMa paiiaa^H 
It o^jiaK 5 i^ ce ty H HaMehir ^eo iteroB y r^Aory 
Ha.iHie, taKO V\^ ce caiho iwaji'o «aate MOme npeneTh 
y rtrta nifec^Tii, Koia Aeme B^CroHnbo^ nAaMHfie. ^— 'ITa 
H Uiyiwe ' Miiiaiy Be.iHKH yTHnai ifi MHoH«iTrty BjiancHtix 
afMOC*i»epcKHX* tajiDra r lep ce AiymaMk cie^Hfe trpa- 
110 no^^rioMasKe ' ci^yCttaBaibe ^Tiwroc4>'epcKe irajie a c 
^pyt*^ t'lpaire npaBttaiiHle'ce npmiyttllbaiy &tHicyc*e* 
p<:^KH( taao3H ifi*6H*eM luymcita sr^jn^a'y'BejiHiJoi »l^p'it 
yniria B^ary ,' n^ ' ie 3a^p;kaBd KO.iriKo tp^Ca-'pit- 
OTHifcy J a cyBtdii'dn ce ika^HBa ua nb^rioiiriy ff^etia'y 
HdBbpe , lii '^hx efe pa^.iifBa ^ noTOHHfce . bBHiwa "oe 
oner v^ai>a' ne'MJba ttaniio^aBa , k omh ^ecro \'Vitf«*y y 
Beise' peKe; h t. fl^. HeCpcVieiia' ntKycxBa CB'eXfl**^^ , ?ta 
<ie MCT^peC^etteM tiiyiwa ,' MOHte HaHfexM cylusf ie;?^ridk 
AlecT^n „HctpetJ^ehbeM uiyMe , koiom cy aacirp'rH ^p-^ 
xbBK'HCTp^ne h^ankitla, cnpema ce Sy^yfcitM iiapaiii+a* 
iKMa oBa XBolaudt ueBd^a :' ocKy^'iiijia y roprfBy ii diiky-' 
^iii^a y Bo^^H," Be.iu Xyw^oaT. --^* Ila bii^a, r^e *y 
rie/vocraTKy BO^e (peua', leaepa k t. XO Majio 'Hnia' BO- 
^Vene nape y lano aarpeiaiitW sab^^yky , raKd 5*^a ce 
xy iieAiOsue isHina HanpaBiiTH. *)iu Ka^ ce tewn^^pa- 
rypa hiIckO cityCTM, ' imh r;^e oe reMnepaxj^pa Bp.io' 
tie3Haxiii) Meiia , liaii Mainocae , r/^e ce o5.t^itH cy- 
BHM BeVpoBiiwa pa^xepyiy :' ry cy ii.iii neawaxHn 
xaabsH BoXeii^ nape," iijih ilk Uukako h ^leMa.'TaKO 
[ia 'KaHapcimM bc^OBiiM^ HWni^^^He icfniia *ie<;xo uh 3la' 
^Be ro^ifiie ; iieuii npe^ean lIIiiaiicKe xaicofee cy cKopo 
cacBHM 6e3 Kiime ; isao mro ^iiema BMiue hb y .^hmh ; 
MH y HeKHM a^pHKaiiCKiiM , a3HiaxcKHM H iyroamepH- 
r«aiiQiiHM 'iiycvrapaMa- w iiycxHttiawai'R;ix. • i^. ^ • t. .. m 

. - .V ;»...,..» ,. ... * .».♦,•.». .. » •»;,.. . »i i.l J ...1 .;.i 



KmnottKi'. 

/{umojfffiJ^QMjSpOTdieTa^ HaaHBa cq cqpdBa, KoioM 
ce Mepu KOJiHKo ie KHiMe na,iQ. HainpocTHiH KHiiro- 
luep cacToin ce h3 ie^Hor B.aybKacTor ey^a o;^ TeneKKe, 
y .Koiii ie yr^ae-'beH ^pjrH cj;^ ie^iiaue QeaH*^HHe. ^^h 
ca ^aHOM HSBe^eiiHH Kao, .leBaic. Y OBav ropibH cy^ 
na^a Ki^ii^a ii^npoaaau Kp03 jieBaK y /^ojbibH cy/^. y 
^^04>Hpe»^ cy^y HameniTeHa ie c ie^iie crpane h H3Be- 
/j^^eua y bhc npaBS^ cxaK^eHa ij^esa^ Koia ie lio^e^^ena 
iia na«u(e h Jimnie , TaKO a^ y Toi ^e^H KmuHHi^a 
CToiK c^ar/^a na oiioi acToi bhchhh na Koioi cToin h 
y ;^q^H>eM f^y^xy.j c KoiHM ie Hcxa nes, y CBesH. Kay^ 
ce ^Krie, Hacne iieiUTO BO^e y xaKBy cnpasy h Ha- 
3HaMif ^HCHfia Te BO^e y craKjieHoi nejBH, na ce oii/^a 
cnpaBf^ were Ha nojhe iio/\ iieCo . ^aaeKO o^^ AP^^ ** 
^pyrHX npe^weTa. o^ KoiHx 6n ce BO/^a y ity caHBaxH 
MOivta : MoaKe ce nocjie CBaKe Kuiue 3iiaTH , kojihko 
ie BHCHHa BO^e y craK^enoi i;eBii Hana^anoivi khiijiih- 
j\ow npHHOB^beHa* IIo roiwe ce pa^yna , ko.ihko 6k 
naaaij^ ii^it aHHuia H3KOCHvia BHCHii.a KHiuHHii^e 9 na^x 
6h oii^ na^a na rsaKBy caBpuieiiy paBiiHHy, na 611 ce 
iia Toi paBHHiiH o/^p;i;a.ta , a He6H nppisanaaa y 3e- 
njbyj iiHTH (Sh ce npeTBopnaa y napy. Ta B»CHHa^ ar- 
iiiHifi^e noMiiOHiena ca 6poieM i«Bajy2?Tl'lI^'<CTOiia oiior 
iviecra. iia Koie ie KHiuli navi'aj o^HaHaBa wepy khiuhh- 
i^e^ uAki flpyrHM peHH»ia, ,6poi KBa^p^Timv cxoiia BO/^e. 
i«oie 6h ce iiaKynHjo Ha xo j\iecxo o^^ na^aiylie KHiue. 



§. 78. 

^ KoaHKO ie KHJicaifi^e 3a Mecei| hah 3a ro/^Hiiy 

Hana/^aAo 4c>3Haie ce cBar^a , ua/^ ce KuiaoiviepoM 
onpe^^ewiH. ko.ihko 6h ce 3e.>iJba Ha/^KpH«ia bo/^om h3- 



95 

jiMBeHOM y KHuiH . Koia ie naaa aa ie^M mec^fi; hak 
aa ie;^Hy ro^HHy, ica^ 6h ce OHa cayr/^e onaKo HdKy- 
niMa , Kao y KmiiOMepy. IIoMeM RO/\a Hcnapasa na 
noBptiiHiy CTaK.ieHe'r^eBH: ro^Re'Ve r^HHiiie onpe* 
/\ejiuTH Ko.iifKo ie isiimiiifi^e na.io na ie/\aii Mecei^ 
H T. 4. 5 ai;o ce CTaHbe Bo^^e y iniUioMepy h3 ^ana y 
/^aH npoMaTpa ^ HaanaHyie. Ho KHuipMep nec^e Shth 
BpAO Ha«iH) /^a ee iiel^H npepyHi|/)..KHuiNiiHOii^- 



§.78. 

Mj>a npH^jiaHH 'atMO(>»epy.* ,lep to np^nsjia^eiire «iHitir 
/^a aTMOc^^epa, Rao h csaKH cacTasHH ^eanh ibeH. xeHCH 
3eMjbH, ^a Hwa ceoiy reaicHHy : na tom TeHtHiiOBi iipuTH- 
cisyie OHa o;\ 03ro na ^oae. lIpiiTHcais ariwoc^epe 
CBe ie HesnaTHHiH o^ tohko ^o to^kc (HaimsKe). To 
ie no ce^H iacHo : CBaKti ;^ejiHh axwoc^epe hocii xe- 
per OHOr ^eanha, hito ie na/^ HiHm, ^aKJie ie h Maibe 
oCrepeheH, re yroanKO h Maifaii npHTHcaK mhhh, iuto 
ie iia Behoi bhchiih y i^e^HHtf arMOc^epcKoi (x. i. 
iiiTO maibe na/^ co6om, a BHiiie no^'^ ro5oM cacxaBHHx 
^^e.iHha o^ axMOc*epe HMa). 

flpHxifoaK axMOc^epe ocBe/^osaBa oe osaito: 
ysMe ce cxais.ieHa neB, Koia ie ^yrasna 30 i\oah 
(naaaL^a), h Koioi ie yuyxpauiifta niynjbMiia niupa o^ 
1 aHHiiie. Ta neB .laxonn ce iia ie/^iiow npaiy if na- 
nyHH HHcxoM }KHBOM. 3axHM ce oxBopt^HH Kpai naa- 
i\iiM aanyiiiii , na ce u^cb ofipne h aanbypii y ie^aii 
3KHBOM HanyifaeiiH cy^ xauo, ^a rope ^obe aaxonAeim 
a /\o.ie uaai^eiw aanyiuenH ispai ifceii. H xo ce cBe 
xaiso naHCJbHBo cBpniH , ^a iiHiviaao aaa/^yxa y neB 
Heybe. Iloiuxo ce naaneiw aanymeHH icpai hcbh .3a- 
ribypH y MciiBy, y cnoiweiiyxoM cy^y : iiajiai^ ce MSByse 
Hcno^ i^eBH. Ta^a ce mHsa y neBM cnycxii xoanuo, 
^^a oiia o^npii.iHKe ocxaiie 28 no.iii bmcoko na^ no- 
spiuHieM 9KHBe y oxBopeHOw cy^y. Ta BHciiHa H€HBe 
y neBH iia/^ noBpniHieiH WMBe y cy^y . ciywrn ^aicjie 
Kao Mepa 3a npHXHcais axMoc*epe. lep axMOC*epa 
npiixHCKyie h Ha nospruMie mHse y neBii Koioi rop- 
H.H Kpai HHie oxBopeH, seh ie 3aTonjbeH. Ka/^ axiwo- 



99 



e«epa HeCf| npnniieKHBaAa na no«pHiHie mnine y otbo- 
peHOM cy^y: Hc«iBa 6h ce y i^e«H (noiiiro ce H3MaKfle 
naaai; «cno^ ^o^Hor Kpaia r^eBu) mopaaa cnycTHTH 
TOjiMKO^ /^a &eifo noBpmirie 6y;(e na ieA«iaKoi brchhh 
ca noBpittHHOMf mHBe y cy^y, Aah nope^ npfifHCKa 
aTMOC4»epe Ha nospmHie- ntiiBe y OTBopeiiOM ey^y, 
aMHBa y i^esH Mopa ce /^pasaTH ua cxfoi bhciihr ^o 
Koie ce noTKCKyie thm npuTHCKOM. H xaso Ka^ ce y 
HaBe^eHOM cay*iaiy mHBa y i^eBu ^yra^Hoi 3ft v^OAm^ 
cnycTH caMO aa^^ i;o.ta : OH^a ie OHa npasHHHa y 
ropH>eM Kpaiy li^esH 5e3Ba3^yiuua, a oaai hckbhh cryS, 
KOiH CTaiii 28 J40.iH.Biicoifio Ha^ noBpuiHieM iKHBe y 
OTBopenoM cy^y , .^piKu pasHOTeaiiy aTMoe<»eplt, t. i* 
Bberaaa BucHHa o^rosapa ianHHu aTMOCi^epcRor npH* 

TBCIfia. 

§. 79. 

Kao uiTO ie craifce aTMQc^epe npoiieiMiBo, Taxo 
ce Meiba h ii>eu npHTHcaK. Ca csaKOM npomeHOM aT** 
Moe4>epcKar npuTHCKa me^a ce h BHCHaa 3u«BHHor 
cTyCa y cnoiweHyToi i^eBH, Pa^H onpe^eAeii»a thx 
npomeHa HawecTH ce c^ cTpane y hctuI i|eBM ie^fia 
mepa (cKa^a) q^ MeTaJia > uo^ejbeiia Ha noaoBe h aa 
jiuHHie. Ha toI Mepu ^ajiasH ce h ie^na cKaaa^^bKa, 
Ha3B.aua Homdyc^ KoioM ce mory inepuTH Iqhx u^ece- 
THHe ie^ue aHuaie.. Yz to ^e h i^no cy^SL^ y Kow.ce 
i^es Ha,iia3H, noicpeTjbHBO Taico^ ^a ce noBpuiHua sfCHse 
y '^fOM cy4^ MOace csar^a ^OBecTH iio^ TOHuy , o^ 
Koie ce mepa noMHH>e. (Ka;^ ie peieuiA cy^i^ O^ cva- 
Kaa, OH^a xy xo'iny — ny^y — npe^cxas^a Bpuiaic ie- 
/VHe craKwieHe nyrjiHue, HaMeuiTene na saK.ioiiny ey- 
^a ; a no^HsaibeM h.ih cnyiuTafbent cy^Hheaor /^Ha, 
noMohy le^Hor luaiTOBa, MO»se ce xai spuiSiK ^ore-^ 
pHBaxH ^o sHHBHHor noBpiuHia.) 

TaisBa cnpaBa 3a iviepeibe axwoc^epcKor npaxn- 
cKa naaHoa ce SapoMerap (mepa 3a axMOC*epcKB npn- 

r^acHHH xvii. • 7 



THcaK). B^cHna muBiiuor cryfia y 6apoMeT^pcKoi ifesH 
Ha3HBa ce yo6iiiTe 6apoMeTapcKO crathe. 

BHCHiia JKHBHHor^CT^6a y 6apoiieTapoKoi i^esii ■ox:e 
ce no^ysMHTM neeaMO oiaHRHOM aTMor^epcSHM npiiTiicKoify 
eeh H noaekaHOM toh.iotom aoiax ee caaKO Te.iO par- 
Tease. C Tora ce npa npOMaTpaH>j 6apoiieTpa Mopa jaem 
Ha yM H yTHi^ai TOnjioTer Hckjctbom ee aosi'^-'o » A^ ^^ 
ua ceaKH CTebeii Tonjiore (no PeoMapoROM TepMouerpJ^) 
noA3^»aBa acHBHH CTy6 y 6apoMeTap(*Koi i^eaa ca -~^ one 
A3r»BHe, Roiy noaaa^ie ua TeiinepaTypH r=: 0^. H raao re 
npe caera npoua^e CTatbe 6apOMeTpa nope^ Teameparype 
= 0<^. Iloctie KBA roA ce npoMaTpa cvafbe 6apoMetpa : Oa^a 
ce Bsl^eHa Mepa BHCHHe miiBBHor crySa no^e^a ca 4140, 
na ce ko^h'ihhk noMiioasH ca MepOM ((SpoieiM cxenena) 
asHBHHe TCMnepaType y apeme Tora npOMaTpaH>a. Ako ie 
TeunepaTypa y Bpeiue npoMaTpaH>a iia^ 0®; oiiAa ce a^' 
CaaeHH npoHiBOA oAyaNe oa BHl^en^ mepe aacHHe msrbh- 
Hor CTjda, na rai ocTaTaa noKaayie dapaueTapciso CTaibe, 
cBe^eno wa TCMfiepaTypy = 0**; aKo-.iH le y apCMe npo- 
MarpaFba xeMnepaTypa bciioa aj*ie, ou^a ce Ao6HBeBH npo- 
N3B0A ca6epe ca bh^ciiom uepoa bhchhc asHRtiiior cTjda, 
na Tai 36np noKa3}ie 6apOMeTapcBo CTafbe cneAeiio na 
TennepaTypy =: 0®. TaKBo pa^yneH^e HasHiia ce ceodeme 
(pebymtpathe) dnpoJierapcKoe cmfha na reMneparypy 
= 0®. Ako npeAnocTaaHMO ^a ie Bii^eaa Mepa bhchhc skh- 
RHHor cTy6a = « : a 6poi CTeiieaa TeMnepaxype y Bpewe 
npOMaTpaH>a =r 6\ oHAa to CBOAeite MoaceMO npeAcraviHTH 
orhm o6pa3i^NMa : 

/. Kad ie TeMneparypa^ y epejue npcMarpathn. und 
uyAOM 7~~~ 



(4^X^) = « 



a6 
4440 ' 



//. /tad ie reMneparypa , y epejne npojaarpafha^ 
ucnod uyAe : 

«+(r^X<^) = ^ + ^. — A paAH loiii TO- 



iHBier ODpeAe.f»eH>a j5«|ioiieTapc«or CTaiba , aaAaao .6« 
ysetH Ha yu u pacTe3aif»e Neva^He eiajie , yCiieA aa-, 
rpeaaH^a. 

§.80. 

noieiH ;i&HBHH cryfi ^yranan . 28 ivoau a y uih- 
piiHH ie^Hor KBa^paTHor i^oaa, HMa 16 ^E^yiiTH TeaKuue: 
TO H npuTHcaK aTiitoc4>epe h3hogh na caaim KBa^pa-^ 
THH i\OA 16 *yHTH;. a iia cBaisy KBa^paTuy cxony 23 
u^eiiTe. Kao iuto ce y ie^ioi beorpa«Hcuoi MUJbH pa* 
^yuaiy 521,800.000 napncKHX kb. .CTona; xaiid .aTMO* 
c^epcKu npHTiicaK HaiiocH iia CBaKy Kpa^paTHy uujby 
23 X 521,800.000 i^eHTH , t. i. npeno 12.000 MHJiHOha 

l^eUTH. 

tlOBpujHiia aeM.i>e panyna ce o5h4ho npeRO 9 mhjih- 
oHa RBaApaTMHx iiu.i>a. IIo ropibeai paH^ny Mopa arao- 
r4»epa npHTHCKfiBaxM Ha roAHuy noepiuHHj TeaisHHOM 
npeio 100.000 ($H.iHOHa i^chth ; hjih. do Aiaptuan-y 
5,«636S3,oooooo,oooooo KH.iorpaMa. — ^IIpHTiicaK;aTifoe4>«- 
pa na' Tejio ieABor OApacHor HoaeKa , h3boch BHuie oa 
40.000 <t>j'BTHy icp Tejio oApacflor MOBexa h3hooh. opeKO 
to KBaAp. cTOoa. A.ih caaica xossa axuoc^epe npnTHCKjie 
i:a Apyre Toqse u oaro h oaAo » h c je»a h c aj^ch^ ie- 
AHaBOM oBJOMy Kao u TO TOHRe Ha H>y. ycJCA Tora aT- 
M0C4»eprKH iipBTucaK leAuoK ie ra cbhij crpana ; a naneM 
y rauoM Te.i> HOBeHHieu Hsia BasA^xo ii noveM ie xal yi^y- 
TpauiH>H Ba.3Ayx y c.io6oabom o6pTjr ca cnoJbaiuHt'iiM aaa- 
AjxoM : TO npHTiicaK cnoxeHjTor naaAy^^ y ve^iy <ioBe- 
*iBieH Apai^B paauoTCiKy npuTBcay oHor saaAJxa iUTO cno.fca 
ua Tejo npiiTHCK^ie, a u.a to! paanoTexiii ocui^Ba re no- 
ryhnocT asiiBor Hoaeisa , a^ HaApiKH to.ihrh Tepex oa ar^ 
M004»epe. Ho aRO naKB^ aHHBOTRH>jr craaaMO hqa TaaoHa- 
aaaa^r aaaA^KUHj upnajbBj^, ua tom . Hpna^aoa Hciipnaao 
Ba3A>x isoiu pe«ie:iy acaaoTaiby OBpjrasaaa, na tmmo h Ibe- 
roD npHTBcaK oA^Hleao : TaA^ yiiyTpauiibH BaaA^ acTiiHa 

7» 



ick) 



neuome 6pHo caB hs reia 4a HSH^e, a.m ee oh na cse 
ofpane no reAj tunpH, h tioHeM Heiia npHTiicia o^ cno- 
jbauiH>era BaaAJxa : to ee ca^ onaxca CH.ia npHTiicsa o^ 
Tor jHjTpauiH>er eaaAyxa. Thh npHTiieiOM »HBOTHH>a oe 
jrrjriuH H HaAj^sa, Taao Aa ioi »fi.ie nonyi;aiy. — Ha bh- 
roKNiM 6peroBHMa nonyuiTa TaRo^e npiiTnoaK oa ono.i>a- 
uiiber BasAjx'a (i^OMem te Tat BasAJX ese pel^H, uit6 te 
y.^BHuieBBin naA iwopCKHif TiOBpuiHtem) ; a nyTHRt;ii npeiio- 
BeAaiy , Rano rm ie na biicokhii ($peroBHMa T^KjiSi BpR h.i 
yuiHiy HHoea, HapaBHo ycACfl^ npcxaifoa HesKUHX aMi«iBi^a 
fta o^^HdBjr iaMer , npHrncRa oa BadAJxa roIb ce Ha^aaH 
y T6.I3'. 

MeH4 GAPOMETAPCKOr CTAH>A. 
§. 81. 

BapoMeTBpcKo craifce MeA>a ce kdo iuto ce h 
craifce axMoc^epe Meii»a. Ta Mena y rjiaBiioMe ie ^bo- 
iana : npaeu^na h HenpaeuAHa, ilpaeuAua jneua 6apojne- 
TapCKoe crnfha h.ih npneuAun 6apojneTapcKa jneua 06- 
iiaejba ce noepejueno (nepuoduHuo) y Tesaiy ie/^Hor 
;^aHa, uao h y reMuiy ie^iie rO/^Hne, re ce c Tora Ha- 
3ifBa H noepejnena 6apoMerapcKn Ateua. Ona CToirt y 
CBe3H ca npOMeHaMa TewnepaType , Koie saeKce o^'^ 
no.iOMcaia :ieM^e cnpaM cyHi^a , h MOH;e ce nai- 
•lainue casnarH na Meci'iiiwa. r/^e cy npoweHe remne- 
parype noriaiiipaBif.iHHie , Kao 11. np. iia paBHHxejby 
(eKBaropy). UIto ce ^ajbe H^^e o,'^ paBiiHTejba . thw 
ce CBe 3iiaTHHie onaaca npaBHjina niena TeMjieparype. 
na ie h npaBH^iie dapo^ferapcKe Mene CBe reafie onpe- 
;\e4HTH. ffenpaeuAfia Jteua 6apoAieTapcKoe cratha h.ih 
uenpaeuAHa dapoAierapcKfi Atetta ^OAasu o^ iipoMena 
Tewneparype, Koie aaniice o^ caysaiHHx yapoua Mccra. 

y fiapoMerapcKoi mchh yo€iiiTe pa^yna ce iia- 
pOHHTO H/tieuwe cran^e (MrtKCumyAi) , 6apoAierpa . h.ih 
eraiLe o^ Kor mHBa y hcbh no'nfH.e oneT HHa«e na- 



m 

^aTH ; H; MaiHu^ce cr,aHe (jnwfUJHyjn) . fi^pojnerpa 9. nAH 
CTaiire.04 Rpr iKHBa noHH»e qu^t y bhc ]^M»aTH ce. 
Ho ioiu ie 3Ha4aiHiive xaROHaaB. cpedth^ ^poAter^pcHo 
crat^e^ hum 6apoMevapoKa cpeduna. 

IIpH npasHaHoi 6apoMeTapcKoi neun onpe^e^a- 
aa ce SapoMerapc^a cpeduna ie^Noa dana^ aiio ce 6a- 
poueipapcKo cTaifee ceaKor saca HaanavH, na ce aCiip 
CBuly TaHO HaauaHenHx 6poieBa no^^e^^H ca 24 (Spo*- 
ieiff- caxaTa y ie/t^OM ^any): ifoaH«iHHK noKaayie 6a* 
poMet\apcKy. cpe^Huy ^aiia. Ho HCKycrBy fiappmexap- 
cKo eTaibe y no^He A^cxa ce no^y^apa ca Capowexap' 
ciiOM cpeAHHOM ^aiia. A iom ce TOHiiHle no^y^apa ca 
TOM cpe^HHOM OHO cTdfte GapomeTpa, Koie HajiaaHHQ, 
Ka^ HftaHaMHMo OapoMexapcKo cxaibe y 9 caiEaxa yiyrpy , 
y 1& caxaxa. y no^He , y 3 caxaxa aoc^e no^ne h y 
9 caxaxa y Bene, na a^Hp thx Ha3Ha*ieH»a noAeaHMo 
ca 4. BapoM9TapcKa cpeduua iednoa jnecetia HapasyibaBa 
ce, Ha;^ ce a^Hp 6apoiiieTapcKHx cpe^Ha cBHiy ^ana 
y •MeceHy no^eau ca 30 (Cpoien thx ^^uai) ; Kao iuto 
ce H 6apQMfiTapcKa cpeduna iedue eo&une^ H3Haaa3H, 
Ka4 ce aSup fiapoMexapcKiix cpe^Hua CBBiy Mecei]^ y 
ro^HUH no^eaH ca 12 (6poieM thx iiecej^H). 

IIpH HenpaBHaHoi Meau CapoMeTapcicor cTa&a, 
Koia ie uaposHTO y yMepQuiw 11 aaAHHM noiacAMa 
dHanaiHa, panyHa ce paaanKa HdMeby HaiBHuie n nai- 
HBiKe ;^HeBHe 6apoMeTapcKe cpe^Hne y ie^iiOM Mecei^y, 
nao cpe^i^a 6apoMeTappKa meNa Tor mec^i^a , la cpe** 
;^iba Mepa 04 eBHvy ^aaHaiecT cpe^ibHx fiapoM^TapcHHX 
Mif^Ha npe^oraBi^a cpedf^y CApoMerapcutf MfHj/i. 

Cbe3a bapom etapcke mehe ca mehom bpemeha. 

§.82. 

MeHa fiapoMevapcKor cTa»a ctoih y CBeau -ca 
MeHOM BpeMe«a. IIo ^Q09t^si»em HCKycTBy, 6pao h >Ha? 



MO na^ai&e »HBe y Uapowefpy oaHa^iaea, ;^a ce SHa- 
Ttfo nopenteTHVia paBHOTema arMOc^epe, h cMaxpa ce 
itao nperena 6ypie. Mophapn Bp^o 6pifaKJbRBO MOrpe 
6apoMeTap , Te ce no HieMy dapana cnpemaiy itpo- 
THBy (Jypie. Aah »CRBa y fiapoMerpy Mome Hari^o na- 
^aTH H KSi^ ce aTMOc*epcKa napa laKO CTaaomn. C 
Tora ce rano na^aiiie cMarpa h nao nperesa saaHCHor 
BpeiweHa. — Tlpasaq Berpa HMa oco^hth yrtft^ai Ha 
Meny 6apoMeTapcKor craiba. TaKO iyeo-aana^uu eerup^ 
Kao noBpaTHH nacar, rona.i ie; a^ kbo ihto ^o.iaau 
npeKO oKeiana oh ie h B.iainaH. Ca HacrynaibeM Tor 
Berpa na^a MiHsa y CapoweTpy h o(Jhhho nacraie 
KHina. Ceeepo-ucTOHuu eerap ^o.iasH h3 jia^^uHX npe- 
f^ejia npeRO Cn^Hpa h PycHie, xe ie i^ia^an h eye. 
IbfiMe ce no^HHce mnBa y CapoMerpy h o6hsho paase^ 
;^pdBa B^eftfe. Ilette-aH ce ^anjie HCHBa y Capom^Tpy: 
OH/^a ie TO yoCiiiTe anaK ceBepnor Berpa h Be.^por 
BpeMeua ; na.'^a-aH ona : OH^a ie to snaK iyroBor Be- 
rpa H BJiaHEHOT BpeivieHa. Ho o^ rora nwa necfo h3- 
yaeraKa. Lyeo-danaduu eerap ua/^ ^7"^ nocae ^ror 
rpaiaifca ceeepo-ucroHtiosf eerpa, He/^6HOCif o^iwa KHUiy, 
a KoaHKO fee Bpemena npofen na ^a 6y^e KHuie , ro 
3aBHCH o^ rora , kojihko BO^ene nape rai Berap ca 
C060M flOHOCH, a KOAHKO ve Ha mecry aarHHe. Y 3HMy 
iyroaana^HH Berap HaaasH no ^npaBnay iwaao nape y 
Bas^yxy, a^H oh sarpesa Baa^yx h npasH ra cnoco- 
()HHiMM 3a npirmaibe nape, h raKO necro npoby h no 
rpH ^^ana , ^OK.ie oh npH4HHH Kumy. y .lero yKance 
ce rai Berap CBar^a nainpe y naiBHUiHM cvoieBHina 
Ba3^yxa , 3arpeie re c.ioieBe h npasH hx rnoco^HH- 
iHM 3a npHMaH>e so^ene nape. Thm nasHHOM oh h3- 
nainpe pa3Be^paBa He6o, noncM CBa napa U3 ^ojbHHx 
c.ioicBa Ba3^yxa 04.ia3H y ropH>e; ajin nacKopo no- 
crany h3 re nape o6aai^H h3 koxhx Kuma na/^a. Ce- 
eepo-ucroHuu Berap ^ysaHHwe, oh pas^ia^yie aas/^yx, 
iipaBH ra MaH>e cnoco^HHiif ara npHMaH>e BO^ene nape; 



103 



H Ka^ ie y ifcemy MHOro nape oh no^noMame Tajio- 
Hceibe H»eHO. To ra^iOHcefee mbme ^a 5y^e c no^ieTKa 
6yiHO, a.iH oho uhhb^ AX^^ nerpaie (^aiBHiiie 3 ^ana). 
3aTiiM ce He66 pasBe/^paBa. H Tatto Tai Borap cre- 
pyie BO^eiiy napy A^ae, na OH^a /^ohoch jieno BpeMe. 
y 3HMy ^OHOCH OH Bpao Heero CHer , na aa thm Be- 
;^pHHy H iany aa^^Hofey ; a y Jiero Kuiuy, na on^a Be- 
^po H Ton.io BpeMe. Ho ceBepo-HCTO«iHH seTap ^ohoch 
MecTO o^Ma c noseTKa ^hcto Bpeue, HapoHirro Ka^ y 
sas^yxy If eiia hhoto nape. OKpene-AH re oh h9l ceee- 
po'3anad: OH^a naM ^oaaaii aa^an h BaamaM , 8hiiih 
;^oiiQcif c«er HaH3MeHi;e, a jieTH KHumi^y. CBaicoiaKo 
ce ;^aK^e bii^h, ^a ie caiuo no nOi^omaiy Espone-TO- 
n«ur iyro3ana/^HH Berap yie^HO h Bjiancan , a jia^HH 
ceBepoifCTOHHH aerap yie^Ho h cya. ^ajbe ce HCRy* 
CTBOM noTBp^MJio, ^a 6apoMeTap osuanaBa npe csera 
npasaif aerpa , aan ^a pacTeH>e HcuBe y 6apoiiieTpy 
HeoanasaBa csar^a .leno Bpenie.'Ho bko h /|0^e MHuia 
ca ceBepo-HCTOMHMM BerpoM , sa ii»om ^o4a3R ae^po 
BpeMe , H yofiuire nope^ bhcokof cTaH»a SapoMerpa 
HeMoafte oe pa^ynaTH aa ceBepo-aana^HH, seK na ceee- 
poHCTO«iHHBeTap.HatnoGJiena/^i|ifcemHBe y ^apoMerpy 
o3Ha*]aBa HcrnHa MecTO, a^H ne eaar^a, Kiiuiy, h ra 
KHUia He^o.iaaH npe » Hero uitq cnoMeHyTO na^aibe 
npecraHe. 



E# EaeKTpHKa h marneTHKa. 

§. «. 

Kao ejtetsrpuHHe noiaee CMa'fpaiy ce r 
1} ojiffia; 

S) jhyfhe ca epMj,a$ufWM u apoMo%uMa: - 
^) Tt/na; 

4) JtaeneTUHa; 

5) nojiycua cb^taoct, 

Mhcih ce , ^a cae Te xioiaBe /^o^iase o^ raso* 
nasB. ejunrpune, 

Ho^ €JieKTpuKOjn pasyMeMO mh uaejio u cujum no* 
nperane n npuBAanefhe, 

EjteKTpHKa ce H3BO^H, KaO H CBBKO DOKpeTaifce, 
MexaHHHKHM H XCMHCRHM pa/^H>aMa ; TdKO : TapiH^M^ 

npurucKOM , ydapoMj dodupoM ueieduaKUic rejia: ^dijke 
T^nj^oTOM , tseTAomhy h MaeueTUKOjn , nao uito ce 
o6paTHo H OBH BK/^OBji noKpeTatba (TonaoTa , oae* 
Taotyn M MarneTHKa) ejieHrpHKOM ftSBO^e. A»ih eaeK- 
rpHua fwia h cBoie oco5htocth. Te ocoChtocth Hai- 
jianiue ce nponarpaiy, lea^ ce ie^na luHnita i^pBenor 
BOCHa (fie^ara) npovpe ByBeHOiir h^ih cBH.ieHOM Kp- 
noM. Ta^a ce onama cie^^ehe r ^ 

1) npcrpTM ii^psettH BOcaic npuB^aMH sefe h3 Bene 
^aAHHe aaue CTBapH (h. np.) CHTny napna^: 04 ap- 
THie, o^ 30BHHe cpaKH 5 o^ nepa h t n.), ^oKjie ce c 
ibHMa He^o^Hpne, a nouiTO Tai 40/^Hp 6y^e, aaRC CTBapn 
oner o^^na^aiy o^ cnoMeHyxor BOCKa. 

Z) Ka^ ce i](pBeHH bocbk y domphkhh iane xape, 
OH H3^aie CBeT.iai:^e. 

3) y HCTo BpeMe oh H3^aie h mnpnc OHaKaa, ua- 
KaB ce oceha ua^ *oc*op ropn. 

4) Ka^ ce npoTpTOM i^pBeHOM Bocny npHKy^H 
npcT, OH H36Hia npaiuTehe cBeraai^e. 

5) IIpHHeceMO-afi iwy pyuy naH .iHi;e , oh npn- 
BJiaHH CHTHe ^aaHHi;e c thx ^eaoBa Te,«a, h to npn- 



MS 



Biane^e npoHSsa^v y Kama Hem Tpaeae , nem no- 
vpec* 

To cy anai^H ejieRTpHxe; TaRsM anai^ii aabeHH 
cy nainpe (na 600 ro^Hua npe XpHCTa) aa -nporpTosi 
ha^Hfiapy, koIh ee rpHaa aoae ejttnrpoH^ oa ie ory/^ 
y^eTO HMe eAeurpuna, 

?• **• 
' Ka/i ce Ha hckom xciy yaamy dHdi^H eaeKrpHKe, 
Kaace ce ^a ie to xeao eAenrpuHHo , h4h y eAenrpu- 
HHOM craH^tf. 

EACHTpuHHo cTam0 Teaa HaiaaKuie ce pa3no3Haie 
no npuB^aHeny . h od6uiaH»y. Th aHaiyi onaaiaiy ce 
HHN HacTaae h uaiHesHaTHHie eaemrpHsiio craite. O- 
cTa«iii eaeirrpHHMH auai^H yRaayiy ce cawo npu aaa- 
THHieiii eaeicTpH^iiiOM craiby. 

§.85. 

EaeRTpH4Ho Teao npHo^uiTasa caoie e^ieicrpHMHo 
craifce h ^pyrHM reaHiua. To npHof^mTasaibe HHie 
CByr^e ie^Hano. Heica re.ia npHMaiy h ^ajbe npoHoco 
ejeKTpHSiiocT aaKiiie \u\\t ^pme; APy^^^ oner Teme 
H.tif cnopnie. Tejia, icoia eaexTpHMHO crane 6p3o npH- 
Maiy H Kp03 t|e.iHffy ceoiy npoHOce , na ra H'6p3o 
/-^ajbe npHoCuiTattaiy, Ha»iniaiy ce d0&p>u ejienrponomB : 
oHa xeja , Koia tcwko h oaopo itpHliiaty ejeKTpiiHMo 
craifce, a noMiTo ra te^wOM npame , oiia ra ynopiio y 
ce5M <2^pase , soay ce p$a4tf eJt^Krp&H&tne. TaKo cy n. 
np. MBTnAu (noHaiBNiiie), yeA^en (Hoin ie ^offpo cro- 
peo), dvriftfO pnttOf^e h afcn€forUH»a^ ejia^MCNa aem^a^ nu- 
cejtUNe^ coAUj ^eHHocrm n eodena nnpn f^n€\m ) a cmoao^ 
cr^tmAO^ (TmiJta^ ^t^an&j mtpH^ ry^ emAyw H t. n. pl^asn 
eaeKTpoBoiue. 

le^HHIIf e.ieKTpHHHHN TeilOM MOlKe ce Be!i H3 /^a- 

jbune fipofiy^HTH e^ietrrpHMHO cFaibe y ^oCpoM ie./ieK- 
TpoHOMiH. yTH€\m e.ieKTpiiMHor Te^a na /i;o6for eaen- 
TpoHoiuy cae ie cjiafiaiH, uito ie qho ^ai^e^ rano ^a 



IM 



rai yvHi^ai na itaaecHoi ^a^Muiu cacaHM n]^ecTaie. ^a- 
jbHHa ^o Koie ce npocxHpe yxHuai eaeKTpHHHor.Te,ia 
na Ao6por e.«eKTpoHomy . aaaacH o^ ia^HHe (cHae) 
eiieKTpHHHor craiba. 

y ;^a5poM ejieKTpOHOiJiii Mome ce eaeHTpanao 
crarbo 04 ^ajber nptfo6iiiTaBaiba ya^pmaxH, ano ce oh 
orpa^H KaKBHM cacBUM phaBHn e^iercTpoHomoM , t. i. 
aKO ce OHO ycaniH, usoAupa, o^ ^o5pH\ eaeKxpoHouia. 

$.38. 

Onama ce, ^a ce Hewa ewteurpH^iHa xeaa yaaiMHO 
npHBaane , a ^pyra ysaiiviHO o,2^6ifiaiy. Oxy^ ce h3- 
no^i^H, ^a ie e.ieKxpHiHo cxaite ^BoiaKO, h yaHina ce, 
;:^a ce yaaiwHo o/^Sniaiy xe;ia , uoia cy y ie(?^HaKOM 
eaeKxpMMHOM cxaay , a ysaiMHO ce npuBJiane xe.ia, 
Koia cy y iieie^HaisoM e^ekxpir^iHOM cxaifcy. /^BoiaKOcx 
ejieKxpiriiior craiba pnanca ce HecaMO lueby pa3HHi\i 
xe.iHwa, Beh h y ie^HOM hcxow xeay. Ako 06a eaen- 
xpH4Ha cxaifca, cie/^HH>eua y ie/^HOM hctom xeay, Hwaiy 
le^HaKy cii.iy : OH^na ce OHa yaaiiwHO noxnpy, hjih, nao 
luxo ce y Hayi^H isame, He^TfiaAUiat/. 

§.87. 

Ceyr/^e r^\e ce eaeKxpuKa paaame . ynaMcy ce 
o6a eaeKxpH^Hia eraiiia, h Oi6a y xanoM o^Hoiuaiy, ^a 
ce OHa cie/^ifH»aibeM noxupy. 

Ka^ ce e.ieKxpHK^ ie^^oE* xeaa cie^HibaBa ca He- 
le/^HaKOM eaeKxpHUou u3 HaidwtHXce oKO^HHe : xa^a ce 
xo cie4HH»aBaH>e upecabyie CBe o^ xowe ^^ xo'iue. 
TaKO npecahHBaH>e naaHsa ce eAenrpuHHa crp^ia, El^ieu- 
xpHHHa cxpyia Hen^e Meby cBBMa xeaHwa ca ie^«aKOM 
iiaKcfhoiif' II 6p3HHOM, BeK paaauHHo^ Kao uixo ie paa- 
•iHian H cacxaB y pasHHX xeaa. 

% 88. 

Ilocae'xora, mxo cmo icaaaaH o eaenxpHKH yo6- 
uixe MOMcemo npe^iif na 3ace(>He e.ieKxpHHHe notaBe, 
Koie Hanpe^ cnomeHyciwo. 



107 



Cse Te noiaBe ^dubfle^ c4 o^ eji^KrpHRe aTMo- 
C4>epe H aenfjbe. Kao raaBun HSBop toi e.ieKTpnKH 
cMBTpa ce Tapeibe cyuMane aTMOc«epe o cBercKH saa- 
^yx, Kao uiTO cmo Rasaaii, ;^a ie to raasHH Kasop o 
fonaoTH H cBer^ocTWi (b. §» 7). Bo pa^sviaibe eaeis- 
TpHice y aTMOC4»epH ^obo^h ce y caeay iom n ca 

OBHlir HSBOpHMd I 

1) Oho 7^o.iaaH h o^ luebyoofiHor rapeifca bo^hhx 
meypHha , hs- koikx ce o6abh u Mar^a cacroie , iuto 
6HBa Hapo'iHro OH/^a. xe^ ce orh BerpoM nonpehy. 

Z) B^eKTpfifsa ce pasBHia h npir Hcnapasafty BO^e, 
y Koioi cy pacnoieHe pasHe CTsapH, HapoMHTO co.ih. 

3) Ona ce npiiifaBjba tt paaBHTKOM pacTHii»a. E.ieK- 
TpHica, Koia ce y oBom c^ynaiy paaaHia, yHocw ce ca 
KHCHHifiOM (koIh r3 pacTNifca HenpecTBiio R.iaa3H) y 
aTwoc*epy. 

4) H npH ropeny opraifH^KRX e*rBapM pasRUta ce 
eaeKTpHRa h nponoca ca yr^enHMMoin RHce.iiflHOftr y 
aTMoc*epy. 

5) Biime itHx npoMarpana Ham*iH cy, ^a ce e^ew- 
TpHKa pasBHia a Ka^ ce so/^eaa napa Ta«ioacR , tbro 
isa;^ nocTaie poca, Ran maraa, h.«h oCjibr, Kuuia u t. ^\. 
H to ce ^OKaayie TRwe, iuto ie cbbkh wo^^hh Meypnfi y 
Mar.iR H o6«iaKy ejtettf pR^ian, Rao iiito ie eaeKTpM«iHa h 
ctfaRa Ran.%iti^a poee, hjih Kiitae icoia-Ha ofi.taRa ira^a. 

A no cBoi npHj)<Hi^, rmb ii ^pyrHX ifasopa aa e.ieR* 
TpkRy armoc^epe,* cbmo imto ohh iom Hircy nooHaTH. 

Ha RaaeAeaora Jtaxo ie oOIagrrth y m*ro ce eJieR- 
Tprnca MOpa »RB.i>e passHiaTR .lexn, aero 8Mmr. y jero 
ce 6ytHHie paaanta paeraHie, aaaTHNie Mcnapaaaly ao^e, 
ryuilia ie ao^ena napa y ^asjkjxy , n Hetafce Ta^oaietb^ 
ifaeHo, na ie Taj^a n e.iONTpHtta y aTRbc^epn saaTnaia. 
Tfliie ce oiHacHiaBa , aaiiiTo rh y Hauma ape^eaaMa aa* 
^aMo aaa^cHe eAeaTpanae noiaae o6«<iiio caa^ y ^levo, a 
ap^ peA«o y aaiij. 



m 

§.89, 
EaeKTp«is« aTitoc4epcKa iiaicH4HNie ce paaaiiia 

Jlofl, naiuHM He6oM ^Hme ce ojiyia Hainreuilie y 
Aero. Ta/^a ona nocraie o5hhhq oaaKO : Ka^ cy ax- 
Moci&epa H aem^d y s^aiiHiOM craa^y. a apeMa ie ne- 
/^po H THxo,- Sea aexpa: .'leiii.i^ ce iaKo aarpeie. O^ 
aeM^be npoHocH ce:Ton«ioTa y HaiSjiaate cjoieBe saa- 
^yxa. IIouiTO. ce, tm cioieBH aaa^yxa aarpeiy neiby 
ce oHh aaraoy bhc, a y» ibH\ ce n ao^eua napa ya- 
/^HHce ca noapuuiia 3e»Uie y .la^uHie ropa^e npe^eae 
BM^yxa, ^^oonenuiH y Te Jia^a^ npe^eae so^eaa napa 
crycfbasa ce y BO^eiie Meypnhe , o^ koihx ce npaae 
oCtai^H. A OHH aarpeiaHH c^oieait aaa^yxa. ys Koie ce 
BO^eaa napa y bhc no<^HHce, type raao Har.io, ^a ce 
ya^Hrny MHoro ^ajbe, Hero ijito 6h TpeCaao na ^a ce 
^loffce oChobhth paBHOTema y aTMOc^epif. JTcjie^ to- 
ra, y ropifaa Mecxa npoa Koia th c^QieBH saa^yxa 
iype - npo^^npe ca crpane h APyi*^* aa/^HHiH sa^^yx, 
H vai, HBO ryuuKH iiHwe na^a. Ka^ ce npo^Hpaibe Tor 
aa^'^MHieF Baa/^yxa ca crpane AO^noMBiKe ioixi u KBr 
KBiMi iaKHM BerpoM, Koiu ^yaa y ropAHM npA^^e^ifiiia 
aaa^^yxa , . Ta/\a ce tbI .la^ffHiM aaaAy^^ ^^^ nfLrAuie 
c^ueme* H o^ tmx. ^a^HHrinx caoieaa Baa^y^a , uitq 
o3ro ^o.te iype ^oaasH oho iuto ce aoae OAyia 

y OAym Ay^^ caar/^a ch^bh aerap. Thm B?TpoM 
fipauiiiHa ce. y BpT«ior craiB^a k y bhc no^Hme , ar- 
MOG^epaee noMpanyie , noaeuaA ce h aP^^ H3 ko- 
pena Hasa^yiy, na h Kpoaoisu c nyka cKHAaiy* Ochm 
Tora , cnoMeuyTift jbahhih caoieau saa^yxa cnyuiTa- 
lyiiH ce oaro. uarao, npaae SyiuH n.;bycaK hjih meka- 
my , KBo H Ty«iy., ya iutq ce h eaeKTpuua y auaTuoi 
MepH paaBHia u yKaayie ca Mythajnavk, epoJHifeujHcu 



m 



OSji&ti nd Ror tterap npK 6^yltt ^yBa, 'tiaakiBa ce 
oAytUH odAaK. Oh ie c no^eTRa Maiden , a^if ce 6pdo 
pauinpiT H nocTanfe rycr, xe Hs^^^ie upwy floiy; ofti- 
MHO ie ot«pypa6 h hocii ►ce hmcko', aan iteKa^ tt no 
HeKO»iHito XM^a^a CTOila'BMcorto. y o^yiHHom oCaaKy 
onaasa (3e aKMB6 noKperaiiie, neRH MaibH a6jiaHH)iH x^a 
cTpaHe jiere, ;^a'ce c rbmn cnoie; a /^pyrrf, offtfHHO 
HKHCH, o^i^aiaiy ce 04 ibera. y^triiia ce/^a ie oayinn 
O^AaK' cBe eJieiiTpHiHHiH, ihto ie ryuiJiH; 

' Tnniiitni'. >' aTriOC<»epR, BjiMmocT sasAyxa h 8eB.i>e 
ciinTpaiy ce Kao ueaGxoAHif ycjiosn ojyte. To oco6H'ro 
CTatfee afM0C4>ep^ npeA oajiy BoakiaTO ie y ^bto sao j^- 
napti, H^cHocHa BpjfhfiHa uiTo ce npn aanapH ocehay-40- 
•taaif HeiBTO orj^^a, itlTO ie Ta^a atiiK»c<»epa npospaHHiiia, 
TO cjTHqaHii apai^H ca aehoM chjom ua seMjby na^aiy , a 
iieiuTO OTj^a, UITO 36or B^aafSHocTH aaa^yxa h y hb^o- 
CTaxKy BOTpa^ n^M'ak^ ^z Cf^ail- netibpitfBH ^iroi* ca nauier 
Tejia, Te ueMa h'h oHor ^o^pOTBopuor paa^a^eiba , KavBO 
ie HyxiHO Ha BpyfcHHHy H KaKBO 6HBa Ba^ liMa Bexpa, Ma h 
HainaTfoer, h va^' ie aas^jx cyi^. Hem miC^e , a^ aanapa 
AO.iiraH loiij n oTj^a y ttiTo -ie npefl, oj}ly 'Ba^^y^ Bpjo 
eJeitTpH«iaH, na Ya e^eKTpMmocT nMa ocoGhtii ^THi^ai na 
•lOBemiie jRHBi^e. -^ O^yla ee nitiqeiiHie Abra^a o^Ma wo 
BOAHe. To ce o6iaribaBa osaso : no noAiie KZji, ie iiai. 
Beha TonjOTd , TaA^ bbA y AO.i>u>eB saa^yxy naiBHitte so- 
Aene nape,' TaAace M Tai 'BaSAyx naf^pSKe y bhc neH>e, 
na TaAa 11 Ojiyia ca n.i>ycKOM irai6p)Ke nocraie. — y aKap- 
KOM TponncROM noiacy o^yia ce noAnxee r3 A^"^ J A^h^ 
^OKJe Tpaie khwobrto BpeMe^; i<y oiia nocTaie^ s6or 
ifar;ior neii>iiH>a ji,oAM»et BasAyxa. y cKJonoBNiia n^a- 
HHRa ojyia nbcTatey xaA ce cfnat Bas/fjx, iuto ce Ra 
afarpeiattHx A<>-iHHa y bhc neii>e , BoAHrRe hba nja- 
HttHCxy kony, na ce ty ca kaKBiiM jaANRM BexpOM ryuaf^H. 
A y n^aHunaMa (lOAiixce ce ojiyia r ' OHAa , RdA ce KaKBHM 
laKHM BCTpoM noTHCHc y BHc TOBJH BadAyx na noAUolkHiy 



no 



oaaQiiae. 3a ojjioii xoAaum o6h4ho BeApo apeM9 , ho 
o^^U ce «iecTO Kpo3 BHiue A^i^a o6Haii«4i«. II^joaK no- 
cTaie npB o^jiii hhm aaAHHlH Baa^^]^ Harao npo^pe y 3a- 
rpeiauH saaji^x* — y jcto iipaBH ce o«ijia aoaesaA h 
uarjoM MeHOM, aeTpoBa, koIh cy apao aeieAHaKe TeMnepa- 
Tjpe. — 4^ BeJUBa TODJOTa HBie Heo6xoAHH ^c^ob aa 
QOCTaHak oj^ie, bb^h ce ory^, uito oji^ia a shmb HecTO 
6uBa. 3HBHe oAyie aoA^my ce uapovHTo y. npe^ejiHMa, 
PAe y BasA^xy aaa MHoro B.Aarc , TaBO Hapo4HTO y npH- 
Mopiy. Ako i^ aajo nape y aTMOc^epu , aoHce smmh 
caao aa iaKea Berpy 6aTa aarae a iase o.ijie, ca Mjrifea- 
aaa rpa.i»aBHaQa a oa «eli«8oa a«ia D.f»jCBOa ; npeaAa 
TB o.ijla aaie aaiaA oi^ojaKa kojhko ie y aero. yocTaaoa 
Odij^ia ie aa paaaaa aecTHaa h y paaJasaa apeMena tbko 
aeteABaRa , Aa ioui A^ro Tpe5a RpoaarpaTH ie , oa a^ c^. 
oaa noyaA^Huie o6iaGBHTa monie. 

My&B H rPOMOBH — VPMAkBHHA. 

§. 90. 

A§yH*a ie eaeaTpHHHH cseraai^ , koIm ce yaaayie 
t;a^ ce e^eaTpnaa ie/^uor oSaaaa cieAHAaBa i(po3 
aasAyx. ca eaeaTpHUOM iKfyvov o6aaua aaa aemube. 
Mya>a ie CApyaceaa ca npacaoM. Say a uito oa Te 
npacae ^yieiHO, aaauBa ce epojt, W^o^yHi^nVL-Avi ce 
cieAHa>aaaa>e aeieAaaaHX eaearpuaa aaiHe^y oCjiaaa : 
OH^a nocTaie epjH^aeuna, Y rpM.^aBHHii Ma ae^yieiao 
caiao aeya aoi^ Mya>y npara , aeh ^yienio a H>eroa 
OAieu (exo) , t. i. a oaai saya aoia ce a^iuTO pA 
Apyrax o6aaua,. aeuiTO oa iipeAMera aa aeMJba paa- 
Aen^e (o^Caia) , na s6ov Ay»«^r nyxa aoia npojiaaa, 
AOqaaie Aonape ^o yea. Taao y naaaaaaiMa^r rAe aiaa 
iiiaoro xaaaax npeAiaeTa , oa aoiax ce aeya paaaease 
(oA^aia), rpow ie maoro paaaaia a B.eroB aaya Ay^"*^ 
ce Hjie , aero y paaaau^aMa, r^e aema xojiaao npe^- 
Mera 3a OA^aiai^e say a a. . 



Ill 



HChboct Myifoe m ia^HHa rpoMa aasifce o^ mho- 
snHHe" eacKxpHKa, Koie ce cie^HiBaBaiy. 

■ Myiba H rpoM nocraiiy CBar^a y ie/^HO Bpenie, 
aaM MyH»a ce mhofo npe bh^h wero luxo ce rpoM Myie. 
To ;^oaa3H oxy/va. luro ce CBex.iocx npoiiocH mhofo 
5p;Ke 6^ .iByKa. 3a ie/^Hy cenyH^y npobe CBexaocx 
no BHiiie o/\, 40 xHjba^a MHjba , xaiso ^a CBexaocx 
MyH»e ^oHHpe ^o onai y hcxh xpenyxaK , wa/^ h no- 
cxaHe; a 3ByK npofee aa ie^wy ceKyw^y xck 1050 cxo- 
na , xaiso ^a ce nyie cBar/^a nosHHie. Hero mxo ce 
BH^H Myii>a, c KoioM ie y HcxoBpeiwe nocxao. 

^a.'bHHa H3 Kole Myii>a h rpoM ^oaase « Mo;Ke ce 
/^owyHHXH, Ka^ ce 6poi ceityH^a. Koiii npoxeuy H3Me- 
Hy Myfbe h rpoMa. noMHoa«H ca lOSO. 

MyAa H rpoM t uao h e^ieKxpuKa yo^iure . ynn^ 
maty ynen nyx HaiHednaxHriier o^nopa. Onit H^^y 3a 
Hai6ojbHM eaenxpoiiouiaMa. Tauo ce Myiboiif h rponKiiw 
rafeaiy,, xoire h pasHoce iMerajiH , wao Bp.io /^o6pe 
e.ieKxpoBOiiie, otfapaiy y iiecBecT 6ai^aiy h yCHiaiy 
.«y/^H H sKHBoxHiba , ' Kao ;^o6pe eaerrrpoHouie. PbaBR 
eaeifiTpOHome, Koie Myif»a iia cboivi iiyxy cpexa, Kpiae 
ce H pyiitfe. iiAK ce aanajbyiy. 

Ka/^ AiyH»a h rpOM v^o 3e;irjbe ;^oeny, ohh ce liiHpe 
no noBpuiHiy sewjbe , r^e ie xo nOBpmnie ^o6dp 
eaeKxpoHoma. F^e ie noBpumie senijbe pbaB eaeK- 
xpoHOiua, ajiu ie y ^y6jbHmt KatcaB /^66ap e.ieKxpo- 
Honia: xy Myiba h rpoM npoCniaiy y ^yC^HHy 3a ^o- 
ffpHM eaeKxpOHomow, xonefcit h cna;byiyhH xcia, Kpo3 
noia npo/^Hpy. 

y necKjr ce qeexo na^aacj oraapH > Koie cy mytbOTtx 
N rpOMOM- CTon.i>0iie J Mesn^ TaKe rvBapir noanaTQ cy 
KOj^ nae no^ nm^hom e^ojnoea crpeMt^n. hviu crpejutm»- 



lis 

CesepoaMepHKaHaif ^paHUAun , koIh ie iipsH y 
1752. ^oK.aaao, ^a y aTiiioc«epH eaeKxpHite hm^ h ^a 
cy Mjiba H rpOM eaeKTpHHHe noiase, npoHaiiiao ie h 
cpe^cTBO, KOiHM 06 eacKipHKa MOSKe ceecTH H3 ofi^aua 
yupaso y sevLjby^ a ^st ce nsGerue oaacHOCT. Ta cpe^- 
cTBa cacToie ce h3 Hdi6oA>Hx e^ieKTpoHoiiia , koIh ce 
nocTaBe ua HaiBHiua mecTa KaKBOr a^aHnia, Tarco, ^a 
ra OHH ca HeKO.AHKO CTOiia «a/(BHce , h ^a ce eaefC- 
rpHKa H3 o6aaKa Kpoa ii>hx , ^ea npeKH^aiba h nai- 
KpahuM nyrem, ynpaso y aeiujby cbo/^h. 

Cpe/^CTsa 3a cBO^eibe e^ieiSTpHKe h3 o5.iaKa y 
3^MA>y no3iiaTa cy i^o^ uac no^ HMeiioM ^Jtaeneru'^ 
HJiH r,epojnoeoie,^ T*e rpoMOBote cacroie ce 

I) H3 iedne iaue uiurtKe od eeoatc^a sa npusjiaue^e 
ppojHa, Ta lUHnifia HMa Hecro BHiue Bpxosa , koIh cy 
H^H no3jiakeHu , h«ih cy o^ naarHHe uanpaBJbeiui , ^a 
He6H aaxpbaau. Oua ie no } 40 4 CTone yaBuuieHa 
Ha^ Haii|HuuiAf ^eaoBa a^aHuia. 

.2) H3 iedue eeoadene^Qfcut^e ,aa ceodethe eAenrpuKe 
y aejuAy. Ta ^Kiiqa ^e^eaa ie 9a no^iaK naai^a. Oua 
ce cnyiuTa o^ npe^cnoMeuyTe . rBoa^eue lunnKe h 
BO^ HaiupahiiM nyreM y uaKBO B^aaKiio jnecTo y se- 
Mjbif. Ha Meci'o rB03/>eue )KHHe Sojbe ie ynorpeCHTU 
»Hjj(y o^ ^a^apa, KoaHKo c Tora u&to ie Saisap 6ojb\i 
eaeKTpoKOuia iiero iBOSK^e, to^hkq h c Tora ^iio 
on H Maifce .laxpbasa iiero rBoa&be. 

Cnaa raKBor rpoMOso^e npocrupe ce caMO ua 
H3BecTaH Kpyr. IloaynpesHHK toi* Kpyra pa^iyna ce 
Ha ocHOBy HCKycTBa, ^anyx oiiowiiiko, koviuko hsho- 
CH BHCHHa .one lunnifie iuro eay»m 3a jipnaJiaHeibe 
e^CKxpHKe. H3HOCH .iH BMCHria xe iiiHnKe h. np. 12 
cxoua : OH^a ce ibONe aaiuTHKyiy . caMO 24 cxone npo- 
cTopaie yuaQKo^o. Ha apa^i seaMKHM crpaA^Ma, Mopa 
ce 4aK«te HaMecxuxK BHuie rpoMOBO^a^ na /^a ce one 



lis 

caHysaiy o^ rpoma. Y ton ttJij^aiy yca^e ce na paaue 
HaiBHTiie TOHKe crpa/^e BHiue uiHnKH aa npHB^a^eibe 
eaeKTpHKe , h cse re lUHnne skiii^om ce nie^y co6om 
cie^Hue. Ha csaKe ^se lUHnne pa^yua ce no ie/^na 
aaie^HH^Ka asm^a aa CBO^eibe e^teirrpHRe y aeiiuby. 

Ha RpoBOSHMA OA Mera^ia BeTp«6ai3r uiattKe^ ueh ey 
AOB0 jkBe m csiu^ viui\e sa-cao^eifav ejeKvpHse ■• ofijiasa 
y 3eM.f»3r. Te iKHi^e uaiiecTe ce no iipoBj h cnycTa otjtji 
y aeMjby Taao^ a^ c^ ibSMa ipoB n aeMJba nocTaae. y ne- 
apentABy h Haidjiaiay caesy* T^e oe< aajiaaa 6>iup y 6<iH'' 
anHM , xy ie Bat6o;4»e cnyCTRra asni^y y 6yH9ip. HeMa.-ja 
HHKaia BQAe ya aAaaHle, OHAa oe ami^ aopa appsjiaiaTH 
apos OAyfue 'yrjbenom Ban^ifaeBe, A^s^e ce BeAoaeAe A^ 
aaaaa* BjaasBa Mecxa.* — Aao cpeACvaa , aoia cJjBse aa 
cBOAeH>e rpOMa aa odjiaaa y aea Ay , HMcy yf^ememsi aao 
uiTo rpetfa , i^Biia ce nocTaB.4>a aAaaaU caao y aeky 
oaacwoeTy aotea oaa npBB4a«ie ajiby b ppea, a aaey aro* 
Awa B A^ "x <(esooacBBB y<iBBe. HpeaBBe-^a ce xBi^a aa 
Rov Me^Ty , OBAa .te oaacaoct a^ ^^ ^^ ■> '^^^ aecxy 
npBajr«i«Ba ejearpaaa cicABHiaBaTB ca BeleABaaoa e^ea- 
xpaaoM iiai64Ba(BX npeA«6Ta , u i^si he ee t4iho aaaajBTB 
aaropaae eraapBi Boie ce ry ^ece, 

OnacBOCT OAr rpoaa B86eraBa ce yo^ture OBaae>: no^ 
aeay Ba.4>» naaaTH^ A<t npH rpB.i»aBBnB aeCjAe raao, tAe 
5b «mi i*«olHM TeaOM BaAaamao BMeaBy o6AH»ii>ifx tipeA'' 
aera ; ajia y Bcxe ' speae Meaa^iia cvaiava hb 6j|Bay aai- 
BBuier npeAaeTa, u. np.6iiaey aaaaor Bp.io Baceaor Apaera, 
6Attsy apjio ft;o6por cjeaTpoBOUie, b. np. 6jimy aeTaJiaax 
o^yia Ba apouoauaa, nja 6aBay asoaa, 6jiB9y raoaAeBBX 
npeojicTa aa opqaopaaa, 6.ui3y nefca n AHaH>aKa ujto ce 
nyuie, nonempty aytfaa n rpea BaUaxide ra^aiy ; tialao- 
cie Besa^ika npM rpMAaaHBa ' na 0p3O rp^iaTB a^ii BOaaxa 
ce, iep ce raae noa<e1iaaa BcaapaaaH»e , a napa te a^^^P 
eje«TpeBOfua.> 

rjiacBHK XVII. 8 



lU 

TXHA. 

§. 9*. 

Mitr^H re, ^a h ry^a nocTale ch^om e^empfise, 
iia ce H OHa panyHa mefey e.icKTpHHHe noiaBe. Mehy- 
THM; nocraHaK Tyne ioiii Hiiie paaiaeHieH , caMO ce 
3Ha : A^ '*?** na^aiby ryne aTMOc^tepcRa eaeiiTpMiea 
noitaayie. snaTiiy iannHy. 

Ty<9a ce cacroiH m3 .le^^HHX apua. Ta spna oCm* 
HHO ey KCMiiKO .46itiibHi|[H, MeoTO cy H CHTiiHia*; :aiiia 
OHa MOry €htii h ispynHuia o^^ jimnibiirsa ,• mory 6iiTff 
Kpynna Kao opacH, aa ii isao KOKOiiiHra iaii^a. Y cBOiiie 
o6.iHKy. , apna TyiHHa h^h cy liiHJbaTa^ hah cy Kao 
Kpyiu4Hi^e. Tyia iia^a o6m4iio npe Kuiue^ a noHieisa^ 
H Tyia H KHiiia aaie^uQ na^^aiy ; ho uHKa^ rysa ne- 
nB/^a nouiTO KHJua eeti npecTdne^ na/(aH>e Tyi^ Tpaie 
noHaittHJuie caiuo.iieKQjiHKQ MiiiiyTa, ho noHena^ h aa 
y^ caxara.. 3a to Kpao^Ko. BpeMe iiana^a Hecxo toahuiq 
ryne^ ^a.ce H»OMe ^o HjianaKa iioupHie seM^a. lIpt^A 
iiiTO. K« TyMa na^aTH , Hyi« ce o4k4ho iieica xyKa< 
Ta xyifia . npasH ce iieuixo y^apafbeai apna TyiHMH^ 
ie^Hor o ^pyro, a hcuito o;^ o^yie, uoia csar^a npH 
naA^iby ryse 6uiia. 05.iaH h3 kof ryna na^a paaan- 
Kyie.ce o^\ ^pyrnx oS«Aaiia cboIom ocoChtom nenoAH- 
BOM H.in ^abaBOM ()oioM. Oh u^e uoHaiBHUie hhcko. 
MecTO ce ^a.ieKO mupn • h Mopa ^a ie Bpao ^eCeo, 
iep' noMpanyie Mecxo na^ «oie re iiaByne. 

§. 95. 

noiier;^o ce ynoTp(^Ayiy cpe^cTsa aa pacxepn- 
pMBaa^e xyse, Kao h npoxHB rpona. Cpe/^cxBa aa pa- 
cxep^B$|H>e xysie cacxoie cena ie^ne ^yranwe iwoxKe, 
Koia HMa Bpx o/^ Mexaaa. O/^ spxa xe MoxKe bo^h y 
3eu;by ie^ua rymea 6,;^ c.iaMe. Mhc^ihjo ce, ^a ce th^i 



U5 



cpe^CTBOM »!OJKe CBCCTM y ae.Mjby ejieiCTpHKa h3 ar- 
MOc^epe, Koia ce CMarpa isao r^asuH yapoK tjhh 
A.IH TdKBa cpe^CTBa ocx^aa cy csyr^e 6e3 ycnexa. 
lufMa ce no^a h BHHorpa;!^H HHr^^e Heca^yBauie o;!^ 
xyne. 

Mathethka. 

§.96. 

AfaeueTUKa ie oco^MTa CTpyi«a e^euTpuKc, Ona. ce 
npe/^CTa^jba y CBoicTBy H3BecHHx py^a , ^^ rBOHcb^ 
npHB.iase ii ^a hx rBOH^be npHB^anii. TaKBe rBOSflene 
py^e fiaaBane cy Mmueru (o^\ sapoiuH Afaeneauie y 
JlH/^Hifi, r^^e cy one npeii nyx Habeiie). 

Cu.ia ManiercKor npuBJianeiba , ii.m inarHeTHKe, 
HHie ie^Harca hc| cbom noBpiiiHiy Mariiexa, Beh ie ona 
Haiiana na /^BaMa npoTHBHO-noaoHseHiiM KpaieBHMa^ 
KOiH ce Ha3HBaiy MaeneTCKu noAycu. ^ cpe/^HHH if3- 
lueby A^^i'J noayca Marne'^cKo iipHB.iaHeff>e ie naicAa- 
Sme 5 oiia ce HaaifBa MmnercHu pa^nurejh (enearop)^ 
a jiUHHia Koia no.iyce cie^HibaBa 30Be ce jnaaneTCKa 
ocoeuua, 

CfloicTBO MarirexcKor npuBJianeiiia Mowe ce tbohc- 
Hy If MejiHKy h neiiiTaHisH npHoCiiiTHTH. Tar^o ce ^o- 
6Hiaiy Hanpne.^eHu (eeturaHKu) MneueTU, T. i j3Me ce 
rB03;^eHa imh ^e^iHHiia iiiHnHiii^a , na ce ona npeca- 
BHie Kao noTKOBHi;a h HeKO.?iHico nyx^ , no CBar^a 
ie^HHM HCTHM npaBqeM, npeByne KaKBum MarueTCKHjii 
rio.iycoM (HaMariieTHiiie ce) , if Taj?\a ce na ibeiiHM 
KpaieBHM.a yKasuy cBoicTBa MarneTCKHx noayca. 

Ka/^ ce isafiBa npaBa Me^HHna lUHnHitna BeiuTa- 
MKH HamarHeTHiue , na ioi ce na cpe^HHH HafipaBH 

'8» 



116 



Ma.ia KanHi^a if Ta ce Kanni^a naraKHe na KanaB y- 
cnpaBJbeHH k^hh^ihK raKO, ^a ce naMarAeTHcaHa uinn- 
HHi^a c.iciffo^HO Ha CBe crpane oKpehe: oii/^a ce xa 
uiHiiHHqa Ha3HBa MaaneTCKa tie^a, 

MarHercua iir.ia ySHMa (^sar^a raKas npaeai;, 4a 
ioi ce ie^aii nojiyc vnpaBH ceaepy a V^pyrw iyey, Otva 
ce npBH no^yc iia^ifsa' deeepan.^ a ^pyrH iyotcau. Ka;^ 
ce ie^HOM no.iycy iieKor Marnera npHKyjn iednanu 
no^yc Apyror Marifexa : oh ra CBar^a o^^^Hia ; a Ka/^ 
my ce npiiKysii npoTHsaii iioayc ^pyror AiarHera, on ra 
CBar^a npHs^aMn. 

Ilo CBOAfe ripaBL^y MariieTCisa iir.ia cjiyMiii 3a 
rt3HaneH>e crpaiia CBera y iieno3HaTHM iipe^eaHMa. 
H. np. Ha cHH,eM MOpy , y eeaHKHM ry^ypama 5 y ^y- 
ffoKHM Mai^aHHMa, y fie.iiiKoi noMpHHHir h t. 4. 3^ tom 
c^iyiaiy MarHercKa Hr.ia , Hassaua HoMnnc ^ nOKa»te 
caaio hpaBaq cesepa h iyra, lia Oh/\A ie'JiaifiO iioro- 
;\HTii ^ajbH nyx. 



ManieTCKa arjia ysHivia pa3jiu4aH no.iOMsai y pa- 
3HHM npe^e^HMa seMJbe. Ory^'^ ce h3bo^h . ^a ie h 
caMa 3eM.i>a Be.iHicH MarneT ca iyHCHHM h cesepHMM 
no.iycoM ripuBaaMeH^e, Koie ^oaa3H o^ 'iwarHeTCKMx 
noayca seMjbe ManieTCKoi HraH, pasHO ie na MarneT- 
CKOM paBHHTejby seMjbe. h ry iviarHercKa Hr^a pcraie 
y npasoi aHiuuH'no.iajKeiia. A.iH Ka/\ ce c tom nr.iOM 
npHff^HHfiyie ManiercKOM cesepHOM h.im lyMSHOM no- 
^lycy 3eAixe ; m. iir.ia Heocxaie ynpaBO noaoncena, aeh 
ce navH^a cae anaTiiHie^ iuto ce CiMwe ^ciasH kom 
o^ cnoMeHyTHx noaycia. Tanas iiarHC nasHBa ce Ma- 
anercKU Hmu6 (uHK^UHat{uia), Oh ie ynpaajben iyMCHO, 
aKo ce H/\e iynniOM no^ycy , a cesepHO , aKO ce H^e 
ceBepnoM no.iycy ; h c.iy;KH nao ^oKa3, /^a MarHercrcH 
nOwiycH aeMjbe iieaejke ynpaso na TOMuaiwa , na koih- 
wa ce Ha^a3e b^orp'a^iiCKH noaycn, na ^a ce hh na- 



117 



rnercKH pasHUTe^b aeni^e fieno^y^^p.a ,ca ^eorpa^H- 
CKHM paBHHTe^enf. 

lloHeM ce ie/^naKH no^ycH o^f>Hiaiy^ a npoTHBHH 
npHB.iase : Mopa jce, crporo yaeeiuu, HaaHsaTH iyotcan 
noAt/c OHai Kpai niarueTCKe urjie , ifioiii ce ynpaejba 
ceBepHOM nojiycy seM^be ; a ceeepan no^yc y Manier- 
cKe Hr^e OHai ie Kpat theii, Koiu ce ynpasjba iymnoif 
noaycy aen^be. 

OcHM Tora, iipaBai; MarneTCKe nr.;ie neno^y/^apa 
ce XByr^e tomho ca beorpa^HCKHin iyroM h c^eepow, 
Beh y HeRHM npe^^eaHMa , h. np. y EBpoim , o^CTyna 
HeiiiTO o^ Tor npasi^a. To o^cxynafbe 30Be ce Ma- 
eueTCKO odcrynaT^e (deKJtUHat^uiaj. Kpyr aaMKuiJbeii 
OKO aemjbe y npasx^y niarHeTCKe urae , 30Be ce Ma' 
euercKu Mepuduiau, tfaume ce npeceij^a MepH^mau vier 
cTa npoMaxpaita y yray , h Tai yra«i noKaayie ko- 
aKKO npaQaq ManiexcKe htac o^cxyna (^eK^iiHyie) 
o^^ MHCTO ceBepuor h iy>HHor npasqa. 

^a MarHeTiiRa nnie HHUiTa Apyrp , nero oco6HTa 
cTp^'Ka ejieRTpHRe^ ocBO^OMaBa c^ Hai6o.i>e THiies iuto ce 
y HatnoBHie speme nponaiujio , ^a ce rBOM'.ibe h H04iik 
e^eKTpnHUHif CTpjiaMa qocTaB.«»aiy y nanicTCKo CTaif>e, 
Rao IUTO ce n o(^paTHo naraeTHROM BSBOAe eje«Tpii*uie 
cxpyie* -^ 4^ i® " ^^"^ aeii^a warBeXy AORaayle ce ocbm 
ooHca^or npaBi\a HarnexcRe iir^e > ioui h obbm: Ra^ ce 
RaRBa lufinf a iieRQr rBoml^a noApaia iieRo Bpeiie y noao- 
sKaiy MaruexcRor Harji6a. oaa.n caMa nocxane nariiex^ xaco 
^a ioi i}H»eH Rpai noRa^yie ie^aa a rhuib APJ^a no»iy€« Tq 
MarnexcRQ craibe ^aKae Bopa a^ ^^ npHO^uixaBa cqpMe* 
H^xoi uiHRRH OA cdNc ^eniAB.. Cbj^Iiim HaiHOBBiHM npona- 
xpaibevi fpapadai ie AORyMuo , a^ e^eRxpo-MarHexBHRp 
cxaifae^ ^eii^be pjojkuzm oa cjuiiia (Rao h cboxjiqct b xo-* 
n^oxa); H xo AORaayie xHMe , uixo Bean , a^ MaraeTBR^ 
8eM4»e nOAaessH neRoi roAHiuifaol Meiin, cola aasHca oa 
OAHocHor (peaaXiBBHOf?) po40)KaU cyHi;a Ji 3eM4>e. 4»apa* 



118 



4dl ie ^'oKasao ;^a^e//^a ce rmchhr Rao h rBOH;l^e MarueT- 
CRH ynpaB.t>a npeMa no^jfciiMa, a to A<)jia.iH oTy^a ^ ujto 
rhchrr' o6^RBa 3eii.i>y, na ce o^ ibe marueTHuie. 



Ilo^yCKA CBBT^OCT. 
§.99. 

Cne lUTO cy ^oca/^'o noAycKoi ceerjtocTU pa3HH 
npoMarpaMif T^osna^H, luome ce cbccth iia obo : 

no.;iycKa cBetaocx yKaayie ce y MecTHMa npema 
no-iycHMajH Ha ceBepnoi h na iysKHoi no.iOBHHH 3eM.^e. 
Ona 6iiBa yoSuiTe obhm pe^^oM : Hainpe ce no^^Hrne 
Aiar^a na xopiiaoHTy. Ta Maraa ie TaKO pe/^na , ^a ce 
Kpo3 H»y 3Be3^e BH^^e, a 6oia ioi ie i^pna h*ih saracHTo 
cifBa H npeaiiBa ce y Mpny hjh jbySHHacry. Flocie ne- 
Kor BpemeHa HanpaBif ce oko re Mar.ie le^aii nojiyKpyr 
(nao CBO/^) o^y, iacne cbctviocth, Koia ie c no^exKa 5e- 
•lia, a ^oi^HHie neiuTO njiaBn»iacTa. H cnomeiiyTa Mar.ia 
H CBexaeliH nciyKpyr oko ite HenpecTano cy y nonpe- 
Ty, HenpecTaHo ce cnyuiTaiy h y3^H3Ky5 h TdMO h aiwo 
noB^ane; any ibiixobom odaKy onantaiy ce narjie 
HSMene. TaKo to rpaie BHuie caxaxa, lia on/^a o^^noniiy 
jKHBo B36^iiiaTH 3pai;ii II y3^HrHe ce ca 5p3HHOM Myite 
ie^an ciy6 o^ CBexjiocxH h3 OHor CBexaeher no^y- 
Kpyra. Tai cxyC cBexaocxH ^eCeo ie Kao nyn iwecei; ; 
on K^e ynpaso y bhc, h ^onHpe iiOHeKa^ ^o 3eHHxa, 
nenaiy!iH ce npema spxy Ha Bwiiie npaMena o^ 3pa- 
KOBa. HecTO tiao ^a ie rai BaxpenH cxyfi noMemaH 
H ca HeifiiiM rycxHM ^hmom. H oh ce ys^HJue h city- 
njba, H Rpehe ce thxo npema HcxOKy hah sana^^y, Kao 
Ka^ 6h ra sexap hocho , ^OKae ra nainoc^e cacBMnr 
necxane. Ca^ ce y ie^^no hcxo speiwe yKa«y BHiue 
BaxpeHHx cxyCoea, na Hainocae 3anjaMxe raitBH 
cxy^BH H3 cBHiy TOsaKB cBex^efeer nojyKpyra, Kao 



no 



H H3 MHOfriiX npoTHBHBfx "ro^jaKaxdpHaoHta. Be^iHMaw- 
CTBCHH o6aiUz tmx BarpeHHX cTy(5oBa 5 iiao iiito ose* 
BH/^i^if yBepatiaiy, ne^n ce onucarH. Omm ce no^n^«y 
;^o aeiiHxa, ry6b ce h Onet* ce 5p3o ywadyi^ , raKd 
Kao /^H 6ii CBO He6o oCyseau 6yKTe)tH n^ameHH , ko- 
iima ce 6oie, noMHii>y!iii o^ n^aBii'iacro-Sejie na Kpo3 
CBe crpyue npejiHsaly y ae.ieHH.io h nypnypno np- 
BeHHJio. Cbh ti! cryCoBH HenpecTano' cy y noRpery 
H HenpeciaHo ce Meitaiy ; a;iii na neCy 6ji«3y aeHHra 
HMa ie^HO MecTO r^e ce iieBM/^n HHKaKO noKpexaiLe 
iiH M'eHa, BeK ie iienpeeraHa THiuiraa. Oko xor mecxa 
h-ao ^a ce CKynjbaiy cbh BarpeHH crySoBH , ho Mnie- 
^^an Henpo^^Hpe y nbefa; Taifo, ^a neCo Hsrae^a irao 
ciaiaH cbo^ ira cBeTaehiiM cryCoBHwa pa sue 6oie , a 
BpiuaK Toiwe CBO^y npe^CTasjba oiio wecro na nedyj 
r^e ie no/^nyira THiriHHa' h o^ijy/f 6^ara CBeTJiocr 
cHia. ToitfecTO Ha3HBa ce ftpyna. CBer^ocT, Koia ce y 
TBI Max icao noaycisa cbctjioct paciipocTHpe, ireuiro ie 
iaMB o^ cBeTaocTH HOBOr Mecei^a. Ilo.iycKa cbct^oct 
pe^Ko ee pasBnia ^6 cBole icpyHe. aviH Ka^ ce ie^How 
40T^e paBBHie , ry ie BpiuaK Be^iMMaHCTBeMOCTw ifce- 
HOi. Iloc^ie TOra 3pa^H cy ioi CBe cjiafiHiM, CTydoBit 
CBe KpaliH H oHrf CBe 3HaTHiiie ry6e cBoiy 6oiy , ^o- 
HAe nainoc^e Heocrane hhiutb Btiiue. ocHn cbmo neKa 
(J.ie^a cBetMO'CT , mHpOKO aan neiipaBHaHO no ne6y 
pacyra ; na h re CBeT^ocTii Hecrane npe-. Hero niro 
ce orta rycra MiTr^a pa3Hbe , a mccto HeoeraHe nai- 
nocae o/\ ise onHcane BeaHHaHCTBenocTH HHuira bh* 
lue, ocHM CBMO iej^an caa^an o6«iaMH)i. — 

UoAycKA cBCT.iocT BH^aua Ie lecxe y Ibaho hcto 
Bpene y NecTBMa uola C3r BpAo AaJieso ie/^HO o^ APJ''**^, 
H. np. y HTajHiH h y Xrhh , y HiirjiecRoi n y reaepHol 
AMepRi^n Ha ceRepuoi H iymnoi no^OBUHH aen^ite. y shmj 
ro/^. IBS I. BR^eila Ie le^Ha HCTa noj^rcKa caeT^ocT no 
cBoi eeBepHoi h cpe^ifcol EsponH , na h no ceBepHoi 



ito 



Anepsqa*. — 9^ fleniiM DpeA0Ji9ii« vosasjie re nojiycsa cse- 
TJOCT J oco($ffToi BejiB«iaHeT«eHOCTa h ep^o veCTo ; a j 
J ii€RHM MecTHMa cesepNtt AvepHfte, xao a jr HcjaaAjr h 
TpeHJiaaay jRasj^ie oe oua caopo caaae hoKr. 

$. 100. 

Bo€TnuaH no»iycKe cseT^AocTH ioui Hflie paaia- 
cii»eH. y Hayi^H ce 3Ha caiao obo.ihko: 

1) IIo^ycKa CBeT.iocT yaasyie ce y axnoc^epH. 

2) IIpe^tUTo fee noaycKa caexaocr yaaaaTH ce, 
onaiaa ce Heico aenpaeHJiHo KpeTaH>e MarneTCKe nrae. 
To ce CMarpa nao 3HaK , ^a ce pasHOTeaca y no^e- 
jbefty aeMajbcae warHerHKe Ma koIhih aaHHNOM nope- 
HeTHTH iiopaaa. 

3) Tai nopemefeai Tpaie h aa Bpene no.iycKe 
caeraocTH. MebyTHM MaraeTHaa aen^e paaama aai- 
Befey CH«iy npe/^uro fee ce yaaaaTH DoaycKa csex* 
jiocT, a noiiiTO xa caeraocT HacTane : oaa ie caa5Hia 
H cse cjia^Hia uito ie a^HBJbd nojiycaa caeT^ocT, raao 
^a ce aainocae cse^e hb oChhhv Mepy. 

4) CTytfoBH noaycKe cbotjiocth mnofo naaHMe 
Ha eiAeKTpH«iHy caeTaocT. 

Ha caera Tora h3bo^h ce, 4a noaycaa cBeTaocT 
MOpa 6hth Maraetv^Ka noiaaaf hjih KaoiuTO XfiM^oJidr 
Beaa MaeneTUHua noeoda^ Koia CToia y caean ca o^aa* 
BAaflbeM nopemefeeue paaaOTeace y no;^ea>eH>y eaea- 
Tpaae* 

Batpehe nolABE. 

§. 101. 

y- pe^ BarpeHHX noiaBa ^o.iaae : 0Ayd9h4i oeer* 
AocT^ jierehe SBesde^ Barpene nysAe h.ih 3Jtaieeu^ oa JVtf- 
reopcHUM KaMetheM, 



Ul 



J . Bj$ffieAm eeerjiooT onaaica ee naiseuilie y Jiero h e 
no*ieTKa i^ceHH, h to nohy h no 6apeBHTHM mecTHMa, 
r^e yie^HO h .leiii^BH o^ aKHBoniaia TpyHy. Ona naane 
HAc na ie^MOM , nac na ^pyroii Mecry , nac y B^hen^ 
Mac y MaibBM njiBMBHy ; na oa^a , nac y ie^noM , sac 
y Muie n^aMeaa y tomh^h. lloner/^e Ciy^efaa cser- 
aocT Ha^aie n«iaueH bhcoh ^o E xsara , ii rai oe rh 
iHiiHOii HH seTpoM yracHTH HeMO.»e. — O nocraHRv 
Cjiy^ehe caeT-aocTu ioui ce uiiuiTa noya/^ano Heaif.a, 
HO wscMi ce, Aa ce oaa cacroiu h» «o€«>opq*-boahhm* 
Kor raca^ koIh HMa cboIctbo, ^a ce aana^H hbm ^oHe 
y A^^^P ca^aTiuoc«epcittiii aas^yxoM. Y iiuibothiiiCrmm 
aeitteBimia , HapoHiiTO y rocthmb ima «oc«opa ; npH 
TpyjieAy thx aemesa ^asAe) ^aito ce Moxfe hs hoi* 
xoBHx cacT9iBaKa HanpasHTH ^oc^opoBO^HHiKurac, 
roIh ee Q»aKO jaico aanajbyie. 

Ha Be^pHM MecTHna neCa Buliaiy ee necro notiy 
CBCTJielia f eaa, icoia ce Naiipe*fai| yKUKy^ h skhbo ce 
Kpefcy, *iac KOCOM, nac apaaoM , a sac daoKpyBfieaoM 
cTaaoM, ^OKdie iix noc^e HeHoaHiio Tpeaylia oner ne* 
eraHe ca BH^ejia. Ta xejia paaJtHnae cy se^iHtimaj 
noHaiRMtne Hartie^aiy i&ao ases^e , h tb/^b ce iiaau* 
saiy AereAe aeesde ; ho oaa secro HS^aiy ioiu »i^HBi%y 
CBeT40CT , a Harjie^aiy Beha o^^ n^ei;^ , if xa^a ce 
HaaHsaiy tarpene Kyejte nAn Jterehu sjioiemi. 

3a HeiftitM Jiere/kUM aeeadojia ayie ce uao HeifH 
peir^ Koin Ha^^ie .caa6y CBeTjioer. IIoBe«a;^ h tot 
pena HecraHe o^nia , mhm HecraHe ^erehe aaea/ie ; a 
noHeKB^ ce oh bh/^h Ioui aa HeKoaHKo MHHyTa h ao- 
Ciie Tora. Barpeue k^^^ml rjih sMoiesu yHawyce^HecTO 
c noseTKa caiHO kbo CBeraehe xoHKe, ho xe TOfK« 
6p30 pocraHy Be3HKe ; BoneHa^ ce sn^e ■ caerjie 
npyre , na h3 thx npyra ^ii^Oi^Hiiie oocTBHe BBTpeBa 
Kyr.ia. j^OHAe ce BBTpeiie Ryrjie noKpehy , kb h>hx 
HdCnia UtiBMeH, ceaaiy aapHM^e h nyuiH ce a^m. H aa 
H>HMa ce o6h*iho ayne kbo h^hh pen, «oiif ce ya cany 



1st 



nycAyi cacroiH'HQ iKiasfeKa; ai^a^e o^ RyrJh^ h3 ^Hnia 
H nape. 

t^erehe aseade u emTpene Kj/eAe Ofiamaiy ce csyr^e 
IT y paana ^o6a. O ii>Hx<)BOn nocraHKy y HayniH ce 
iom HMiiixa noys^auo jie3Ha. Ho noHeii ce •lecTO bh- 
ba^io: ^a ce Barpene KyiMe ywaayiy ca^eTehHM svea^ 
f^aivia 3a!e/|HO. y ie^Ho hcto Bpeme k y ie^Hoi tomrjib, 
Kao poieBH, ii ^a ce it ie^He H^pyre oa ie^ffanoM 
6p3MBOM noKpefey : TO ce mhc^h, ^a b BarpeHe nyp^e 
H .leTehe 3Be3^e ie/^HaRO iiocTaiy b caiwo ce Be.iH'iB- 
BOM pasjiHKyiy ie^ne o^^^p^rBX. C AP^^® CTpa«e no- 
TBp^yie ce, /^a yKa3nBaH»e BarpeBBx nyra/ia b ueTe^ 
hax 3Be3/^a BesaBBCH .bb o^ iciBMaTBHKBx o^Bomaia, 
HR o/^ o^pTaH>a seMjbe oro ce5e : ocrm rora ^ OBe ce 
OBaKOHC/TO 6p30 noBpetiy ' Kao n miaBere, a H>BXODe 
roMB^e o^HaBjbaiy ce noBpeMeHo (nepRO^BHHo): na 
ce «3 cBera TOra rsbo^b : ^a jieTehe 3ce3,\e b sa- 
TpeBe Ryr.ie npBiia^aiy Ramoi n^aBercRoi cBCTeaiB. 
Rao B n^awere b mo were , ^a ce b one y CBercRoi 
npocTop«iB ORO cyiiqa ORpehy , na hbm cey cbom 
noxperafty seM^B npBfiABme^, 3(iMJba bx npBB^iaMic b 
Ka^ A^fey y M»eBy aTMOc<>epy , oiie ce Ty 3arpeiy b 
ycBiaiy , b ra/^a b^b 6e3 csaicor ^ajber npeBHaMeH>a 
Bpo3 aTMOc*epy B^y, b^b ce pacny, necro ca laRotw 
npacROM, na re pa3Becy y ^bm b^b ce Bawpse sa- bc- 
6poiaHa RaMeiiacTa nap^era, RoiBMa ce lecro sBxaBo 
no^be noKpBie a Roia ce Ba3BBaiy jtereopcHo Haju^fhe 

ifpOAUTU}, 

,. ; ' , . . . - I. . . 

'fi^jyuHUL npo«afTp»B»eM a^^h^'^o ^^ sa Mei*edpcKO 'ftft-* 
MeH>e :oBO': 

t) Oho ce Hajiaanjio j ^^cuiaHonieTatby, tioBena/^ b j 
i€B.i>H 1 40 1'/^ xnanra /iy6oiio , tlouiTO ce bs BaTpeaBX 
Ryr^ja pacj^o. 

z) Oho ie na/^ajo h A^^^y ca iaRHM inymom BS^ii^p- 
Bor o6jiaKa, voiB c^ 6p30 itpeTao. 



123 



3) ^y lj4iiiy I8tt. BHAHJO ce roa Anrepca y ^paH- 
iiycRoi, A^ I® "3 leAHe ^lerehe SBea^e nao Ma sem.hy 
ieAan MexeopcRH xaMeH. Otja ce hsbo^h, Aa ce r ^ereke 
3868^6 Rao H BaTpeHe Rjrjie Mopai^ pacRnaTii ua OHTiia 
oapieTa^ na h Ha cdsiy npauinny, TaRonaas. MereopcKy 
npn^i^H|^, •« A« 'Tl' 0ap«ieTf» pa* ae«.f»j iMAaly, a^R c^ 3($or 
cBoie cBTHoKe ueiiorjr BHAeTB. 

4) Hya o^jMaia A^ ie MeTeopcRO RaiieH>e ca rpMe- 
hoM xjROM naAajio ua scmaj, b OH/\a, Ra^ ce hhcj BB^e^e 
HH BarpeHe Rjr^e , hh jieTeiie asesAe , hii RaRas oS^ajc 
Ha Herty. 

5) MexeopcRO RaMeH>e jo6ujTe HMa cno.i>a hcrj i^pny 
ROpy, ROla ie noMeRaA cscTja Kao CMo^a, n^n rms ioiu h 
npyre. IIoa toit KOpov^ A^^^'^tOB aa % juHnle, Hajiaau ce 
CBeTJia RJiB TdBHO-rKBa RaMeHacta cpeAnHa. ITo cBOne xe- 
MircROM eaoraBjy carrotii ce veTCopcRO RasieH>e yo0mre : 
H3 fBoasl^'y BRRejia , RO<$ajTa, MaRrana, xpoRa» 6airapa, 
(*if«raRa B ii^RRa ; aa*^^? "3 Ra^Hia, HaTpoHa, neuiTO Rpe^ia, 
TajiRR n HJioaaMe ; nalnoc.te na ur.fkjHRRa, ryMDopa, 4>oc«» 
♦opanjrAeHa: a^"**® CBe iia ohirbiix CTsapii, rbrbo ce h 
y ae«.i>R Hajiaae, caMO uito (^y re cxBapii y MeTCOpcRO"!!! Ra- 
MeH>y oeo6HTHH H-anHROn cieARHieRe. — Ha xora, ijuto re 
y MereoprRoM RaReiby na.iaae xaRBe ncxe cxBapR b3 sa- 
RRRX ee R aeM.ba cacroiR, horr cy R3Boah-ih» A^ neTeop- 
cRo RBMeHie no xaie y aeMa.<t>CRoi aTiioc4>epH , crmo uito 
MR loui BeauaHO haKO oho nocraie. f^yt^ oner Be^e a^ 
ce cna reja uaiue n.iaHCTCRe cBCTeRe oacrole Ra leANaRe 
rpa^e, h no *oMe a^ ie y CBaROM norjieAy BepoBaxBo, Aa 
MereopcRO RaReibe npeAcxaB.ba Majia xejia CBexcRa , ROla 
cno.«>a AO-fd3c 7 Raniy axMoc*epy. Halnocje lieRH cy mm- 
CJIRJIR, A^ MexeopcRo RaMeu^e HRie RRiuxa Apyi*<> "^^ "s- 
iiiex ByjiRRHa y Meceii^y ; ro ooo MRai.beii>e RRle ce a<^ 
AaRac otipatBAa^o. 



III. 

KOJIHRO 3ABHCH PACTHIbB O^ ATMOC*EPE 
H nPOMEHA y AtMOC*EPH. 

S. 102. 

A. K0.1HK0 sasHCH pacTHHte oa cacTasHH^ ^ejioaa 
aTiiioea>e|>e. 

CacTaBHH A^^ioBH aTMoc^epe npeaaae hjlm ue* 
nocpe^HO H.1U nocpe^^Ho y cacTaB paoTuiba. 

TaKo ie uuchuk npea norpeCa pacxHi^a. Bea 
KtfCHHKa HemojKe ^a K4Hia HHKoie cene. 3aKO»aiMo 
ceiie y ^yCjbHHy 3«iiAe, ^o icoie He^onupe saa^yx ca 
KHCHHKom, na to. cene uehe ry npoKaHiaTH. y ^ajbam 
paasHTuy pacTHii»a pa3.iH4HH ^eaoBH paa^uKyiy ce 
npeiia KHCHHisy. Cbmo nopeu iipHMa khchhk isao yc.iOB 
3a a&UBOT caera pacTHH>cKor re.ia ; a;iM a^iuhe a ae- 
•leHH ;\eaoBH pacTHifaa jipamaiy ra caMO Hohy ii Ta/\a 
ie OH o^ lUTere aa pacTiiibe , a ua CBerjiocTH oner 
ra o^^y^yiy Ha ce6e. Ho ua^ pacTHH>e ^o i^BeTa&a 
/^ocne, t^eehe HeMoau^ ^a ce paaanie 6e3 arJHov^ep^ 
vKoe KucHHKa ; oho ra itpuMa aa cbo Bpeme caor paa* 
BHTua, H napoiHTO y Bpeme .i^BeTuor uan.'io.HeH»a. 
Heapeao Bohe (iuio^obh) ynpaajba ce npena axMO" 
c^epcKOM KucHHKy, Kao H aHiuhe H ocTaaii ae.i«Hii 
;\e*i6BH pacTHHba; aan kb^ ce oho npa6«iHMiH cBoioi 
ape^QCTH., OHO TB^a npHMB y oe6e aTMoc^epcRu pcH- 
chhk, kbo uiTO .ra JipuMaly x^aeiie h KopeH. — Tbko 
aasHCH o^ BTMOc^epcKor RHCHHua xaKOHaaQ, mme pa^ 
CTUthe* Aau HUJfceM pacruthy BTMOC^epciCH khchhk no- 
Tpefian ie aa cbo Bpeme pacreiba ohbko, uao ixito ie 
OH noTpe6aH BHuiem pacTHH>y aa Bpeme KauiaHia. 



Its 



aTMOc^epe, raKoHe i^ -cyiuTacTBeHH yc^os sa hchbot 
pacTHiba. Be3 ibe ce hh Koie pacrHibe o^rainTH iie- 
Mo»e. Ta tmce^Hna npo^Kpe Hd racraBa axMOc^epe 
y pacTHibe icpoa .iHiahe h craC^iiKe ; OHa ie pacno- 
ieHa H y Kanjbaua KHiue h poce Koie Ha pacTuibe na* 
flaiy, bwa npoflUpe y •rat B.«arir h y aesr^y, re ce m 
ory^ KopeHOM .^aKO/^H y cactaB pacTHtta. ^rji»eivH4Ha 
KHce^lHua c:iy3itH pacTMity aa pany iia isoie ce npne 
cymracTBCMa rpa^a H>erOBa. 

H eodena nttpa^ Koia npimaAa CdCTaay dTMOc^^pe, 
nnra cymracTBeHH snaMai aa padBttTBR pacTttt&a. Oaa 
na^d Hao Knuia. ciiei^ i4 poca h npo^Bpe y aeiMjby a ae- 
Mjba ie H Henoc'peAHO ita t^a^yxa ytiiiia. y cBattb«t 
c^iynaiy, pacTHji»e cboihm impeHOM npffti^ y teCe cth- 
jiometiy BO^eHy napy us aeMjbe. Oci^m rora, pdCTHibe 
npiMa H irenocpeA^o iis BBs^yxa Bjiary , h to ohhm 
noBpluBieM cboihm, noie \^ Baa^yxy HSjioiKeHO : npeniAa 
ie TO nefio(^pe^tro ripanralEbe Bp.io neaHatuo. B^ara 
Koiy pacTHibe y ce6e npHMa, cjiyB^n iwy h caMa icao 
pana , m Kao oCuiTa pacnaiaMiti^a ocTa,ie pawe.' 

Hainoc.ie h aTMOC«i'epci»i aaor h r/^o«t/i/iK ' Hiwaiy 
3HaHeft>a aa pacTHH.e. Aaor ie cyuiTacTBeHa rpaba 
pat^Titii>a. A^ornpHma pacTHi{>e ueiiiTO Heiiocpe^iio na 
aTMoc*i^pe 5 a^AR noraaBHTo y aMOnui^Ky. 3iiaTan 
^eb aMOHHiana , kbiH ciiyB«i pacraiby aa party choch 
ce H3 aTMOc4>epe y KHiixit, 'pocu h ybOiHte rtpH Ta- 
jiomeH>y Bo^^eiie nape y aewjby, o^auae I'a pacTHfte 
nor^aBHTo KOpenoM y ce6e npHMd. Ho le^au ^eb aMO- 
HHiaica npo^iipe k nenbcpe^HOH^ aTMOC*epe y pacTH- 
ibe, Kpoa jiHiiiiie h aaie/^iio cayrjbeHH^iubiki KyceaHftom. 

IIpbcTpaHHie pa3iacif>ek>e b lipejiaay 'cacTaaRNx' ^e- 
jioea aTM0C4»epe y eacTae pactiifea b. y XVf. cb. T^a- 
CHHKa §§. \t.y 43, 44., 4'5.'h 46 : Hji^Re 6 cacTa'sy h hch- 

BOTJ paCTHH>a. ' .. . .• 



1«9 



S. . Kpjimiso 9aAiicm imcTMHiie oa niN^jii^iia' j 
aTiiioe«a»epH* 

I) ffrutfai ceeTAocTU na pacruH^^. . 

§. 103. 
CecTAocT ie Heo^ovbKBa noxpeSa 3a paasHT^^K 
pfiCTHiba. Cs^Taouiliy ce no^nosiaaKe paiieibe h yo6- 
ufxe xeMucva pa^^^a pacTmba. 3a npsH pasBHTdK 
K./iHqe, iiao H ^oi^HHie aa no^aeMHH ^eo pacTHiba (ko- 
peH) caeTJiocT HCTUHa Huie Hymua ; a4H aa ^a^ptH ;kh- 
BQT H pasBHTaK .pacTHii>a . itapoHHTo aa it^roB na^^ 
aeMHH ^eo, CBex^ocx ie Heo6xo^HO ii^fHsua. IIo^ yxM- 
lA^ieM CBex.iocxH npnMa pacxH&e cboIhm yiHuiheii h 
cboIhm .ae^BHHM T^e^osHMa yr^enii^Ky KHce./iHHy m3 
Baa^yxa u .p^cxBapa xaKo, ^a ften.yrjbeHHK aapcxaie 
yifc^Hy. a KHCHHH H3BexpaBa Manage. Ca xom noxpe- 
gpi^ ppex^ocxii cxqIh y cBean .cboicxbq . dUiuiha , ^a 
pBOie; rop^be noBpuiHie ia^oi csexjiocxH o6pke h hc- 
pocpPA"^^^ cyHHaHHM apa^Hiua Haaaaie xaKo, Kano ohh 
iiixo npaBHie (o/^BecH^iej ua iJberoBo noBpuHie ^o- 
jiaauTH Mory. 4hctopo aeaeHH.io (xjopo*H^) iiQcxaie 
caitfo Ha cBex.tQcxB. ^OK^e ie K4Hi;a y acMJbif Hi^euu 
cy anexuhu 6a^JK^ ^ hhiw oua h3 aeMJbe hji cbcxjiocx 
npofime/o^a iqi ce h^hcxhKh aaaeaene. Ila h vmiuhe 
y nynojbKy-Hewa OHaKO aejieae fJoie , wao Ka^. ^obe 
Ha caex^ocx, npmxo ce nyi]0;%aK pa3BHie. yofiuixe 
OHii ^e^iOBH pacxHH>a Ha ' Koie CBQxaoex necnpeiHO 
^onapej mns^b^ ce aeaeue , Hero, ^eaoBH .Koin cy aa- 
K.ioif>eHH o/^ cBexaocxH. H ocxajie 6oie pacxiiH>a cae 
cy iacHHie 114x0 csexaocx i^^e h ^ysK^e na h»hx pa^if^ 
H. np. 6oia i^Beha HCHBjba ie na iacHoi cBexJiocxH, 
Hero r^e CBexapcTH iviaff>e Hiwa ; pyiweHH.io Boha no- 
cxaie CBar^^a ,Ha oiioi cxpaHH nao^a o/^ny^ ra cbcx- 
viocx oSaciasa. O4 cBex.iocTH aaBHcii cyuixacxBeno 
H i:^BexHo HanjobaBBibe h pabaii>e h caapesaHie nao- 



tST 



^a. Ha^ Bohne. pacry y aaK^cyuy ^' 'Ofie ^oHOoe Mat^e 
i^Belia M HiiO^a , Hero sdA cy Ha iacHol ciieTjiocTM* 
Cauo itf Ma^o, h to HaiHHM^er pacTHiba, Koie pacTH y 
y TdMH.. rio npasH*iy pacTHibe ce 6ea CBevJiocTiu ««-» 
Mome no^nyno paaeHTH. HapoMiiro ie .iHaMaina cbot- 
.locT 3a BMuie pacTHfte. Ka/^ ie sCHieHo ie^HO ya 
^pyro, pacTHi^epacTH BHiue.y BHeuny^ nm ce necTO 
H HepaarpaibaBa y iuupH«y.* To^.Kao h iuto pacTHibe 
y ofiuiTe y bhc pacTH, ^OKaa ie ^ ouo H^e sa cbct- 
•loiuhy. yK.ioiiH-^H ce ie^na ^H^na aa iieKo^iHKO ^aua 
ca CBei^ioc.'fif, x)ua.^4,^;^M.H:Beijew ^^^Hfice-.iir ce onex 
Ha caex.iocT, OHa naHOBO ^oCnie caoiy WHay seAeny 
6oiy u cBoiy CBCMtocT. Hma 5Hj^a uOMe ie aiiuihe 
iyxpoM (ca o^noMHifcaiiytiM cBexi«ocTH) Kiicejio, Hohy 
(y He^ocraxKy cnexjiocxn) ropKo , a AaHfy (na caex- 
^ocxh) HeMa anyca. Mhofo aohe isuceiiHie ie iyxpoM 
Hero Be*iepoM. Hma ^ajbe 6iijba icoie 4ioc xaie cae f ea- 
yKycHHie uixo ie BHuie cBeT«fQCTif u3Jion(eu<^. H mhoto 
Bohe nocxaie iieauiHie h caabe , jKa^. ce aaK^OHH o^ 
Henocpe^Hor yTHnaia caexjiocTH. H^ko i^Befse o;rBapa 
cBoiy ifpyHH^y cyfi'iaHHiu npai^HMa , a APJi'i^ ^^ ^^' 
xKapa. HeKO 6Hjbe MapHiue caMO /^aH>y (na cbct.iocth), 
a HoKy ie Sea MHpnca ; APy^ onex eacBHM ofipaxHO. 

§ 104. 

HoxpeCa CBexjiocxn. Hiiie ie^Haisa ko^ caaKor 
pacxHiba. HeKOM pacxHity xpe6a BHiiie, a ^pyrow Ma- 
lice CBexMOCTu. PacxuiLe Konie MaHte CBexjiocxii Tpe6a 
pacnoanaie ce o6iihho no rycxHtpii viHuiha HrpaEia* 
iep. IUTO My iiaibe cBeTaocxii xpefia ^ xhm aMaxAHie h 
HpenHhie mohic oho y aaceHKy cxapHtHK * rpana^ h 
aiiuiha Hoae rpaue w hobo .iHtiilie paciiiitiaxH y xa-^ 
KBor paeiiHH»a hobb Ha^AHr^H h M^xa/^Hi^e BeHy h rtmy 
aKO ee <^e!T.iocTii Henorpe^HO ^Hajtome ; c*rora oe oaa 
raie>y aace«isy ji y necxn. -HanpoxiiB pacTHii»e komo 



ttt 

Tpe5a luvo sHuie cseTjiocTH cse ie. fianpe/iHiiie iuto 
I'd; oKexAOCT iacvHie ofiaciasa. Oho ce Beh m y Mai* 
paii4iioi M.ia/^ocTH. cBoioi Mopa RO^ny<HO ii3ftiociiifTH 
cmerAOCTU. Y aacetiRy h necTH one HeuOMce ^jro 

Henaii Xaiep ynope^^ie ..saoe<S«e erpyse Apaa ,• aa 
ibMiOBOl noTpe^H CBeTJOOTM^ •Baso : 

i) Ma*, lejia. . . 

«) BjttBB* L^pHii 6op. 
3) .iMtta. Opa. ITHToim KerreH. rp."6. 
. 4) Pa^*r. 
5) laceH« 
e) lasop. Bohire. Ioobmh^i. 

a) Bop* . . 

a) Bpe^*^. 

10) fipeslr. lacfiRa. 

11) Cifpe«a. 

y TOM ynope^eH>y Ao.ia8e nainpe ^paa KolHMa naiiie 
cBeT.iocTH Tpe6a, a aa H>nBa AP^^ KoiHMa cee enuie ceeT- 
^ocTH Tpe6a , Taao f^z ona aoia cy y ti. pe^y HalaHiue 
CBeXJldCTH HSRCK^iy. 

SJ ffrui^ai reMneparype ua pacruH^e, 

§.105. 

yTHi^ai TeMnepaxype -^ ronjtoT^ u aadMohe ^^ na 
pacTHffae oGuire ie iiosHaT. 

T^njkOTQM npe9io jnepe h Jiaduohojt racH ce hihbot 
H npaBH nycTOui y cBexy pacTHiba. IIpeKOiiiepHOM to* 
n^jOTQM y5pi3a0a oe aarjio HcnapaBaibe .Bjiare h h3. 
cyuiyie 3eAM>a^ a •la^Hohom cMpaaaaceAaara seniajb- 
CHa: M y o6a eay«iaia npej<H/^a ce cBeaaiiame^y pa* 
CTHiba a aeHjbe, «oia cdvo kb^ ie BjiaBcna pacTHiby 



paiiy A^ie. Ila OH^^a, npeKomepHa Tonaora hhhh h ^a 
coK H3 pacTHna Har.io Hcnapasa h Hainoc.ie npecy* 
iiiH, a AH^nofiSL crycibaBa h da.ie^yie cok y pacxHiby: 
H y o6a civHata npenif^a ce HCHROTHa pa;i(f!>a h pa- 
3opaBa cacraB pacriiiba. 

BAaeoM TonAOTOM npo6yhyie ce mchbot h CHa»<H 
pasBHTaK paoTHHra. Hbowe ce pacrejKy he^Hi^e h ocra^H 
opraHH pacTHiba, m rano yso^H h cvanuiaBa xeMHcxa 
pa^H>a H caB skhbothh noKper. nocranaK iiiehepa, 
lUTHpna, erepcKHx seiTHHa, 6oia h orrajie rpa^e pa- 
rTHri>d ; HaitpaTKo R^iHiaibe ii paaBtfraK, pdHeibe, Hcna- 
pasaibe Kpoa .iHujIie n ca thm neii^aifce h npepa^Msa- 
ibe coKa y pacTHiby : cse to aaBHCii o,^ Tonaoxe. 
OcHw cBera , Ton^iorow oe iio^iioiuaBfif^ i^Beraitie m 
i^seTHO Han;ioHaBaii>e , Kao ii pa^ane h caapeBaibe 
n^o^a. 3a pa^BHraR i^Bera rpeCaiy ryiiiliH (Koiii^eif- 
TpHcaiiHiH) conoBir y pacTHtty . a cokobh iwory 6hth 
TBRBH caifo nope^"^ aiiarHme Ton^tore. Oxy^ ^oaaau 
TO 5 lUTO ie/^iio HCTO pacTHAe pacTii ii y TonjininM h 
y jia^iiHUfM iipe/^e-^fTMa, ^jih caMO y Ton.miHM ^ocneBa 
^o nBCTa. 

HChbo pacTHif>e ii camo ie H3Bop Ton.iOTe , tb 
ce pasBHia y i!>eMy xeMHCKOM pa^ihOM (napoHHTO y 
Bpeiwei nBeTaifca). Ajih tb yHyTpaiiiH>a toh^otb pa- 
cTHiba BesHBTBa ie npeMa onoi Mepir Ton^oTe , Roia 
re u3H0Ryie 3a }rhbot h pa3BHTaR pacTKH>a. Obb ue- 
pa BBjba ^a ce nocTHrHe Tonaoxoiw cnojba , t. i. to- 
n^oTOM MecTa r^e ce pacTHH>e HajiasH. 

§. 106. 

ilpaeuAan renai reMneparype ocoChto ie yrofifiLH 
pacTHH.y. Har^iHM pacTeibem hjih ona^atbew Teiwnepa- 
Type pacTHibe ce HiiiTefiyie, a necTO h cacBHwf ynpo- 
naiiihyie. 3a.iHiMO, n. np. cTy/^eiioii bo^om sarpeiarto 
u^Behe (/^a peKHeMO y no^iie y jiexo), na Ke oho o^^ira 

rjacHHK XVII. 9 



130 

K.ioHyTM H BCHyTH* To ie .laijo o6iacHHTH. SarpeiaHO 
pacTHB>e n^HO ie coua. ^a 6h ce cae xai cok npe- 
TBopHO y rpahy pacraifca . Mopa ce oh niaaa-no-Ma.io 
iipepa^HBaTH. Pa3*ia^ii-jH ce ^aK.ie pacTHii>e Hanpe- 
Maiil : OH^^a ce it u>eroBO itcnapasaibe nar^o o6ycTaBM 
H CBO ijpepahHBaifae coica nopeiweTM. Vcas^ TOra pa- 
pacTHibe nocTaie 6o.ieciio , Kp»caBH , hau h cacBHM 
npona^a. Tauo hcto pacxHibe npona^a h Ka^ ce Mipas 
H iyroBHHa nar^o ie/^Ho 3a /^pyrHH Mefbaly, na^ uito 
TO 6HBa noHeica^ y Hac no3HO y npoAeY^e fnosMu jnpa- 
$eeu) 5 iMH y ieceii ripe Hero iiito cner sew^by iio- 
Kpnie Y/7/IMK jnpas^eBu). TaKHM MpasesHMa 3a.iebyiy ce 
coKOBH y pacTHn>y ii iiiHpeff>eivi vie/^a pacnpcuaBaiy 
Ce He»KHe i^esKe it KaHa.iHhH, oco.6hto y M^a^om pa* 
CTHfby.Hainpc.ie noanaro ie, Kawo ce pacriiibe wHO* 
iiapaaa,^ kb/^ ra noc^ie iaisor HoKnor pa3.iabeH>a npsH 
3paifH Toii^ioxe o^ cyni^a nanpeMai^ no/^yswy, n.ih 
i^a^ ce OHO CMp3HyTO nenocpe^HO thm spai^Hina o^- 
upaB^byie ; a kba ^^ oho. sau^oiiu o^ npsHx h ueno* 
cpe^HHx spaKpsa.Ton.iOTe , na ce cbc H3TH\a 3arpe- 
Ba : OHO ce »iecTo h noc.ie sHaTHHier pas^abeifca onex 
y HuiBOT noBpara. 

TaAH ca'ijBaiba o^ paHux hjh iio3Hhx MpaaeBa, no- 
wbonpHBpe/iHHiiu navpHeaiy M.iaAo h hcxsho pacTHibe, hjih 
ra o6B«iuiy p^asiiM TOBjonomaMa^ Kao : CAaMOM^ cyeujH 
Auuihejn, poaoaoM ^ aeypoM^ uiu6A»ejn ^ rptheAt ^ jnaosu^ 
HOM H T. n. llo.f>a ca yrcRHna Mory ce o^ no3NHX h pa- 
HHX ftipaaeaa yHeKo^iiKO caHysaTu, aKo oe BeuiTaMRii ope- 
ojijie OA c^BHuiHe B.iarc , Kao h aKO ce y leoen Heeely 
Bp.io noiHo, HH y npojehe ap^o pano. 3a caq^HaH>e bii- 
Borpa4a npenopyvyie ce najbosHHa ob^^kbhx cisapH, Koie 
ce laRO ^HMC, Te cboihii a>^!mom Rao o6.ia!iOM aaiuTHhyi}' 
BBHOvpaA. — IVt^a^o Apsehe Koie Mpas HiuTeTH onopaB.i>a 
ce ooaKQ: o^ Mpasa npoae^a noHaiRiiuje n ^a^a .uiKa m 
H Ta^a OHa Ao(SHia ajyro iwpKe nere hjh npcTeHBe. Hhm 



m 

ce TO onasH OAMa ce rpane ; hjih h cTa6^o H02iseM napa, 
HJM xe It jrsKe liipyre Ht^eiiaiy y RopH ^o 4HKe. Thmc ce 
JHKa Haao^H, /^a h3 Kpalif>HX oaoieBa npaoR H4Mie lie^HMB 
H HitHHa aonyuaaea ripaaHHHe. 

§.107. 

yocrajiOM 5 yTHi^ai xonaore HHie le^^HaK 'vHOa 
paauor pacTHii»a. Hua pacTH&a KOiue xp^fia piaseefia 
mepa roifiiOTe aa i^eroB paaeHTaK, TaKo ^a quo ttp** 
sKaBH H^iff H npona^a, hhm ce xeiunepaTypa hcilq^i^ re 
mepe c^yerH nan npeKO ite noBHCH. OBaMO npHsa^ 
H. np\ Haiaeliif ^eo pacTHiba iuto pacTH y sRapRHli 
noiacHnta aeMjba ; Kao h pacTHi^e Koie pacTH no Bpe-* 
jHM HSBOpHMa. HMa ^eijbe^ pacTHiba Koie ycnesa ^af 
KoHe caMO nope/^ nBBeqae niepe Tonaore , a^H . Koi» 
HenponaA^ seh caMO o^ycraBjba cBoi paasHTaK , H^A 
ite TeMnepaxypa cnycru Hcno^ xe iwepe. Tanao ie 
iiOHaiBHuie pacTBibe y.ynfepeHHM noiacH^a^ h. np. 
y Hac |io3Haxo ie xoaHRO pacTHii»a. Koie ce cbmo 
y^ xonaim a^Shm^ ro^MHe paasHia , a mum ^ififa; hsi^ 
cxaiie, OHO ofiycxaBU cboI 5khbox. HoHeKO o^ ipar 
pacxHiba MOKfe ^a no^Heee h HaisKeiii^iy 3HMy, h Halt 
iaHH Mpa3 ; II. up. cmpeKa Hci^p^pHiH y CHfiupy .ia«^ 
,'^Hofcy H o^ 35® ^o 40<> Aa^HoKe ! Hainocte HMa m xa- 
KBor pacxuiba. Koie HUKa^ HepacxH OH^e, r^e ce xew- 
nepaxypa no^HHse npeiio xoMKe CMp.3aBaH>a , seK pa- 
cxH cBMO y npe^e^HMa BeMHxiiM chcfom npKpifiaeHHM, 
H Ha3HBa ce cneafCHo pacTutte, 

Ha ocHOBj cboIhx iipoMaTpaifaa y KopAHuepima, 
BycumoA ie racTasHo nperjie^ liaieiiiije h ifaiaiDKe xeM- 
neparype, nopeA Koie pasno pacTuuie i^ocneBa a<> iJ^c- 
iieifaaBaHia h spejiocxH ceMena. Mh naBOAHMO aa npuMep 
HainosHaxBie pacxHiLe h3 tot nperJieAa : 



9* 



nt 





HaiBRBia 


HaiuHiKa 




TeiiBepaTypa: 


Teano^arypa 


KaRfto (apbo) 


t8« 


23^ 


Hhbht (hhahfo) 


— 


22. 


lIIeliepHa Tpcxa 


— 


22. 


KoK^c-najiMa 


— . . 


25., 


IIa.ilia 


— 


25., 


AyaaH 


— . : 


m.. 


naMjK (pacTiiH»e) . 


— 


*».5 


KyKjpya 


■ — 


15. . 


riacyyb 


■— 


15. 


IlHpMHaM 


-— 


2*. 


AnaHac 


— . . 


20. 


fiOCTaH 


— : . 


20. 


BaHH^e 


— . ' . 


25. 


BHVOBa ^o.ia 


«6.5 


, 23. 


Kaaa (apbo) 


t6 


19. 


Okaia (aHMc) 


25 


23. 


riiiieMHua 


«H?) . 


15. 


leqaM . 





11. 


KpounnpH 


2«l(?) . 


^5 


lieTen . 


23 


15. 


la6yKa 


22 


15. 


PacT' . 


19 


16. 



§. 108. 



noHCM cBaKOM pacTHH»y xpeCa naceSna mepa to- 
H.iore, a ron^ora iiHie ie^uano pa-iMepeua Ha noep- 
iiiiiiy aewjbe : to csaKo pacxHibe MOH<e ycneuaTH caiwo 
y H3BecffOM npe/\e.iy. yoffiare ce 3iia. ^a ie cee mho- 
rocTpyMiiHiH If Be.iH^faiicTBeiiHiif cbct pacTHita , iiito 
re 6^H9Ke paBiiHTe.;hy (ewBaTopy) /\o.ia3H. To ie Aj/Jt* 
(fojtT OB^Ko HCKasao : ,,iiele^HaKO ie oxKan i^botohochh 
aacTHp, KoiHM ie TiOKpHseHa ro^a seiwjba : ryniYie oh- 
^e, r^e cyHi^e ctoIh Biiiue Ba/\ aemjbOM ; pel)e Ha 



jr&OHeHHM nojiycHMay tac ce paaBHT.uynojbaK ynecxa- 
HHiM^ MpaaoM, 6p3o yC.Hia 5 a y.apesai^^hH nao^' 6p3o 
padapasa.'^ y ocTajoai, Kao iuto ce Toqaoxa ua bq- 
spiuuiy aeMjbe a^*^" «a noiace . xaKO ce paawiHicyljr 
Ha sPM^bH H noiacH o^ koihx csaKH HMa cBoie oco- 
6hto pacTHibe. 

§.!(». 

Tawo no beorpa^HCKol uinpuHH (^a^fiHHH o^ pa- 
BHHTejba) paa.iHKyiy ce oeaKBH noiacH 3a pacTHibe: 

1) iKapnu noiac, Me^a ie tom noiacy 30* ceiiepHe 
lunpHHe. Ty HeMa HHRdKBe onacHe weHe H3Mehy .lexa 
H 3uMe 5 Beh ce cawo Mei&aiy cyiuno h KHiuOBifTo 
Bpene ; h xy ycnesa noraaBHxo oho pacxHAe , Koie 
ce pa^H ceMena rain. 

2) ffjnepeHu noiac, OBai ce npocxHpe o^ 30® p^o 
65° c. lu. Ty pacxy Hai^eaiiui nao^oBii , MacanHKe, 
BHHOBa ao3a ca rpom^eM, cxpaina iKHxa, pana 3a cxo- 
Ky, ae;ieH>aBa h xpaBa yoCuixe. Osai nolac ie sa nac 
HaisaditHHiH, i^p y ibeiwy h mh AmBirMO. Oh ce no cbo- 
ioi BajbanocxH aa pa^Ho pacxH»ie a^-^h oaaKo : 

a) Ton^uiu noiac^ o^ 30® p^o 45<^ c. m. , y kom 
..iHMyH ioiu 6e3 Here ycnesa. Ty HcxuHa y SHiwffce 
^oCia Hwa nipaaeBa , CHera h ^e^a , a.iH cuer h .le^ y 
paBHHi^ania no npaBH^y onex ce 6p3o KpaBe. 

6) Cpedfhu noiac ^ o^ 45® ^o 50<> c. m., y kom c^ 
BHHOBa •163a ca Kopmiihy HeroaaxH Mo^ie, Ty npeKO 
Hejie 3HMe Mpa3 h iyroBHHa HaHSMenne CnBaiy. — ■ He- 
luxo y OBOM, a noraaBKxo y npeAcnomeHyxoM xon^H- 
iew noiacy »ieHCH Cp6uia, 

e) Jaduuiu noiac ^ 04 50® 40 60® c. m., y kom bo- 
hapcxBO iom nanpe^yie. Ty ie sew-Ba CKopo Kpo3 
CBy 3Hiiiy CHeroM noKpuBena. 

e) *^adaH noiac o^ 60® ^^ ^^ ^' ^^-5 koIh cawo 
Heinxo ro.Qe Hera pacxHH»a. 



1^ 



3) ^edenu noiac. OBat iiolac npocTHpe ce on, 
65** c. ui. na ;^ajbe. Ty ie^Ba ycnesa pacTHn»e irito 
ce pa^H'-Kopena Heryie, h.ik nHme Cajbe Koie no ae- 
injbH riyaiii 

§. no. 

IIo Xjiy6eHy ^ pacTHiiie Koie Heryiy iiojbCKH npH- 
Bpe^HHi^H pacnpociHpe ce npeMa beorpa^RCKoi iuh- 
piiHii oBano: 



Ao 45^ b. 


ui. ycncBaiy. 


mehepua rpcna^ . 

najtyn. 

HueuT (unbueo)^ 
CMOKee^ 
MaCAune h 




'■ 


uoeoceaaHdcKU heren. 


40 47** \), ui. ycnesa 


: Kecreu, 


„ W 


w w w 


euHoea Aoaa: 


„ 58*> 


?> » w 


dyeoH 


« 60« 


n n » 


nmenuna h 
Haieume dpeeha. 


AO 62" V 


UI. ycneaaiy : 


KpyruKe h ' 






dydoeu. 


. 6r „ 


n n 


rpemfhe. 


• . «3%- 


w » 


ia€yKe h 
ui,%uee. 


. 6T „ 


w »» 


paofc H 

dpeehe canto KpntaBO. 



136 



4''^ ''^* fe- "^- ycneeaiy: ieuaM, 

ttpojnnup^ 

pena^ 

Kynyc^ 

6pesa^ 

ioovuua^ 

TonoAa^ 

sp6a H 

jnaoeuna. 

§. 111. 

Ila H no ^uauHKOM noAooicaiy (yaBHiuerby Ha;^ 
MopcKHM nOBpuiHieM) paa^HKyly ce ocoChth nolacn 
pacTHH>a; xaKO ^a neibyhii ce o^ xoiMe ^o.ihhc na 
;\o BHCHHe Be*iHTim CHeroM iiOKpHBeiie, HaaasHMO na 
CBaKoi ^ajboi bhchhu cBe ^pyra*jiiie' pacxiiffce. To ce 
fiai6ojbe onama na n^aHHiiaMa S.iiisy panHHxe.'ba. ^ 
cBaicoi cxeHH y pe^y K.iHMaxa koih ce nao aecTBime 
le/^aH Ha/^ ^pynifti iio^Hcy, y^^y6wi»eiiH cy .laKOHH ona* 
^au>a xon^oxe ii •beorpa4>HCKor pacjipocxHpaiba cxpyKa 
o^ pacTHiba/^ Be.iH XyM6oAT. 

IIo ySBHiueiby Ha^ mopcKHivi noBpiumeM Meiba ce 
pacxHibe y cboIhm o6.^iii^HMa h Hecxaie ra cKopo ca- 
CBHM npema Mel)H Bennxor cHera , cKopo oiiano hcxo 
Kao mxo ce oho Meif*a h ry6n li npcMa JieAenHM no- 
,iyc«Ma : m3 ie^Hor Hcxor yapoKa y oSawa c^y^iainwa^ 
a HMCHo : aSor ona^aifca xonaoxe. 

BHCMHa, Koia npe^cxae^a niefey BesHxor cnera 
paaaHHHa i^ iia pasHoi beorp. ruHpHHii. Ha n.iaHiiHaMa 
CjiH3y paBHHxejba wefea BeMHxor ciiera .lesKH miioro 
HHiue, Hero y eBponcKiiM njiaHUHaina : na ce h pa- 
cxHifae npocTHpe Ha npBiiMa nhofo ^^a^be, nero na no- 
cjbe/^H>HMa. TaKo no Eycumoa-y^ na uaanMHaMa S.iHsy 
paBHHvejM Hiiia pacTuiba ioui h na buchhh 04 6W)0 



136 

MeTpa'^), a Ha eBponcKHM naa^Hu^Ma «^tme uaiBH- 
me pacTMiba Befe iia bhchhh o^ 2000 Merapa. Ha Ah- 
^WASL {6AHsy paBHHxejba) ycncBa Ky<«ypy3 spao ^o6po 
Ha BHCHHH o^ 2500 Mcxapa, a y ceBepnoi IIlBaii;ap- 
cKoi ie^Ba eaapeea oh h na bhckhh o;^ 870 Mexapa. H 
xaKO pacnpocTpaH>eH>e pacTHH>a no y3BHiueH»y na^ 
MopcKHM noBpiiJHieM HewoHte ce cBecrn na o6mTe 
noiace, Beh ce oho y CBaKOM npe/^e-iy /^pyra^Hie ^'^e^H- 

no Xjiy6eKy : no^ 23^ ces. iiinp. ycneea Kyuypys ua bii- 

'T CBHH 04 8680 CTOna, 

„ ^o^ „; ^ ycneeai^^ CTpMua oKUra 
Ha BHCHHH o;^ 8000 CTona (ue ^ i^xiHoi 

EBpOHH), 

no^ 45^ — 4l^ ceB. lUHp. j^cncBaiy vrpMHn 
ofcura Ha bbchhh oa 6000 CTona (y <&paH- 

lyrcKoi) , 
a Ha BHCiiHH OA 4000 cTona (j THpo^cKoi 

H njBali^apcRoi). 

y nieaiUfapCKoi : no^ 45* — 47® ceB. u/np. ycncBaij' : 

suHona Jtoan 9a bhchhh o^ i 700 CTona, 

^y^ypy^ » « »» 2«oo »» 

oauMuVfa yt ^ n 2700 „ 

eohue nn n 3000 „ 

wyjna „ ' « „ 4ooo ,, 

6pesa " " " ^^^^ « 

y Ulsait^apcKoi jcneBaiy : ueAunaea dpea (leja , 6op^ 
CMpeKa H T. n.) na bhchrh oa 5500 cTOna, 
aAuucKo it6yH^e „ w « sboo —7000 c. 
QAnucKa nonama ^ „ 5000 — 700o ^ 
Hp-Mcaeo dp€ehe n yloAHo 
cH€;HCHa JHe^a = 7000 — 8000 ^ 



*) 1 tterap naiiocil 3'i«35 tfe^Ke crone, a 3.07844 napiicRe cTone. 



tST 



Umep A6**H ceeepo-lilBl'o^Hy TRpoJiCKy Ha oee no- 
lace pacTHifca, nO pacnpocTiipaH>y y BHCHny ua^ HopcRHU 
noBpixmieM : 

i) ilpfide^ ^emjhe noia ce epaf^yie. Oeai ce np.ocxnpe 
OA Ton^e /(ojuiie na a^ Nc^e n^euo Koie opaeu neycne- 
Balj^ R^H ^o S7O0 cTona napMCKHX. CTpMHar mrra ycne* 
Baty torn h na oeoiy (eeBepiiOM oaxocj). Tor npe^ejia ; a 
Ka npHcoly (npeita xyry) mory qhb ycneMTR loin n ea 
suatHHioi BHCBHH : Ao 3764 a. CTOne. 

t) fopthu njianuHCKU np^ie^^ 40 iie^e npeio Koi« 
6yHBn HeycneBfiy n^a 40 4ooo cTona. ^o xe BircHfie 6y- 
KBa ioui Ao9po ycaoBa. IUto ce f^zjhe j bhc MeHve, oua 
ie cse KpxoaBnia, aa4i Kaa i|6jibe A<>ii"P6 o^^ o&opo a® 
Ao 4806'. — y Top»|>eM n^aHBHCKaB npeAe^y aPba ce iralt- 
OyiHBle paasHiaiy^ Hapo«iHTO y ocoty, a npnool ao^^P i® 
aa ibirite n jiHBaAe. 

3) nodoAnucfsu npedeA , p,o mefye npexo Kote ^op 
neycneaa, fi.iii ao 5 too evoxi9. Me^a rAe 64>p ioui caaio 

HftO Q(tyH paCTH, DpO(*TRpe CO H3Me^y^998 ii 52Z3 TTOBe. 

Ha BHrniiB iipeKO 4&00 ciH>na 'Heiia myue- nerro hb «a 
HBH6BM AjinvNa. 

A) iipedeA rtjnucnoB iji6ythn^ oa 5000 4,0 7000 cTon«, 

.*>) Fopthu OAnucKu npedeA npocTBpe «6 npexo 7000 
CTOna na a^^^o* ^ cefiepo-HCTo<iHoi TBpojcHoi caMo le 
Ma.io n^aHHHfi , Roie ce nOAHMcy Ao xe bbchho, a A^ t*^- 
AocTHffiy Me^y r^mrtof cuera. IIo ropfbem iuhhckom tipe^ 
Ae.iy pacTH caMO KpiRaaa rpasa h MaoBiiii9. 

AiHoro pacwi^a npocvupe ce h3 teAH6r. npeAe.«a 
" y Apyrw, aJiH 01*^ TaAa noAJie»M oco6htrm npotieH2i«fa 
y cBttMa rae^aniiHM f^^Jkon^ut^ cBoiBU, IUto ee a^*^^ y ^^^ 
pacnpoc«riipe, oho ie cse spsKaBHie h pel^e, a<>k^<^ ^^ ^^i* 
nar^ie eaeBHM kecrraf^e; TaRB& opoMeHe oii03Kafy ce y «ia- 
jone R Ra njiaHHRCROM ocoly h np»coiy, Kao ■ y Ay^^* 
fCRM i^pyraMa h t. a- H. np^ita oc^iy njiaHiiHe ieA'O Hcrb 
pacTHH>e BHhe le (rii<{Rtiie ie) , h *ry RMa HexsuHlR n co- 
qHUln oacTaB r RpahH bcr Bero y npneoiy n*iaiffBiia« -^ 



18S 

§. Itt. 

npoMaTpaffaeM aa kojihko ce BpeMeuau no^ Ka<* 
RBOM TeMneparypoM Koie pacTHH>e r^e h hb^ pa'JBH- 
ia : ;^03Ha^o ce, ^a ikhbot pacTitHia h iberoBO Tpa* 
iaibe aaBHCH o^ reJHneparype Hecamo mecTa Hero u 
BpeMeHa; Y HcapniiM iioiacHMa reMnepatypa csattor 
aace^Hor ^aua y cTBapH ce ivia^o paaauRyie o^ TeH'^ 
neparyp^ sHTase ro/^Mne. C Tora xaMO h pacTHihe 
iiocraie ^ masH h oSuaBJba ce cuopo nape^ ie^Haue 
Tonaoxe, rano ^a ie ^ocra cadHaiH cawio cpedn^y reM- 
nepnrypy eoduMe .^ na ^a ce npec^^H no^ ko^hkom ce 
TeMneparypoM pacTHibe paasma. A.iii ie cacBHM Apy- 
raHHie y noiacHMa , ^/^e ce iaciio paajinnyiy Aadua h 
TonAa roAHiiiMia speMeiia. Os/ie ie pacTHH»e aa speme 
cBor paasHTua HajiomeHO iiaipaaaHH^mHM npoAteHaiua 
TeMneparype , na oe re npoMene Mopaiy aHarn Kao 
lUTO ce one or.ie^aiy y paauHM /^o6«Ma pacxHibCKor 
paaBHTRa, t. i. Mopa ce caaHaTM cpe^iha TeMnepaxypa 
CBaxor mecer^a h csaKor ro^^Huiiber speMeiia ; m^h 
cpedtha TeAtneparypa epejnena aa Koie ce otcu^oT pncTUfha 
odnoHUH»e u eepwaea^ na ^a ce onpe^ean Koie ce pa- 
CTHibe r^e paaBHTH MOHce. 

y TOM noFiie^y EycumoA ie miihho iiaiBasKHHia 
npoMarpaHba. ynope^HBUiH cpe^ibe xewnepaType, no^ 
KOiHMa ce ie^naKO pacxHibe y Eaponu h AMepHKH 
Heryie, oh ie /^ocneo ^o OBor aaKjbyseiba : 

^Bpoi ^aiia, Koin ^CAe nonexaK pacTHH>CKOr hch- 
Boxa o^ CBpuiexKa iberoBor, cBe ie seliH, uixo ie HHaKa 
cpe^iba xeMnepaxypa no^ Koiom ce pacxHfbe paaBaia. 
Pa3BHTai€ pacxHiba xpaie ie/^HBKO r^ero/^ h kb/^fo^ ie 
xa xeMnepaxypa ie^HaKa*, ma ko^hko ce yocxaaom 
paa^iHHosajia K.iHMa ; xo xpaiauae SHhe xo^hko upaKe 
H.iH ^"^yHfie , KOwiifKo ie BHiiia wavi iiHma cnoiweHyxa 
cpe^fbB xeMnepaxypa. /^pyrHM pe'iHAia : xpaiaH>e paa« 
BHXKB pacxMfbCKor Kao ^a cxoiH y ofipxnow o^HOiuaiy 



cnpaiif cpe^me reMhepai^ype, teko fla ce ^o6Hiy cKopo 
ie^uaKH 6poieBii , a«o ce cpe^fba remnepaTypa no* 
MHomH ca 6poieM ^aua 3a ko^hko ce ie^Ho hcto pa- 
CTHibe y pa3HHM npe^ejtuivia (K^HMaTHMa) pasBHia.^ 

„Ta HCTHHa," eejiH ^ajte ^ycumoA^ ^BasKHa ie 
HecaMO c Tora, iuto re ibOMe ^OKaayie : ^a pacTHifce 
aa Bpewe csar paaBHiaifca HSHCKyie ie^HaKy Mepy 
(Ko.iHMHHy) Ton.ioxe Ha CBaKoi b^orpa^HCKoi luHpuHH 
H na CBBKoi BHCHHii ita^ laopcKiiif noBpiuHieiM ; seh h 
c Tora IUTO ce Ha ociiOBy re ncTHHe Mome ynanpe^ 
cy^KTH .' ,MOiK.e-.iH , ce hcko pacTnae h3 ie^Hor npe- 
^eaa npeneTH y APy** npe^e4, Home ce cpe^^ita Te?i- 
neparypa o;^ CBaicor Mecei^a ana." T. i. ua^ ce ana 
cpe^^iba TemuepaTypa Mecra Koie ie iipHpo^na nocxoi- 
6HHa HeKOM pacTHifiy, h BpenteHa aa sole ce to pa- 
cTHibe padBHia, na ce caana h cpe^ifca TemnepaTypa 
MecenH y ^pyrow wecTy, r^e hcto pacTHH>e cawo o^^ 
cefie (na' n p Hp o;?^H) neparm: on^a ce na ocHoey yno- 
pe^eH»a thx cpe^nnx TemnepaTypa MOH«e cy^HTH : 
^a-an 6h to pacTHtbe u.y obom Apyrow npe/^e.iy Hiwa- 
•lo OHoaHKO TOHiiOTe , KO^HKo wy Tpe6a ^a ce paa- 
BHie H caape. — 

no 3BaHHHHOM H3BetUTai^ O RJHMaTHHHIlM OAHOUia- 

iHNA Gp6Hie, no^eTOM MHHHCTapcTBj ♦HBaHCHie J isat.y 
R3HOCH cpedfha Mecenna Tejnneparypa y Cp6hIb pa 1856. 
Ao iBBt. : 

0»»^ ^' J 4eKcii6py. 
o.„* C. y laHy»py. 
«.,/ C. y 4re6pyapy. 
6.^/ C. y MapTy. 
**»i** C. y AnpH.iy. 
16.^,^ 3. y Maly. 

20 10^ C- y lyHBiy, 

2i.^^€. y lyjHiy. 
«l.^^* C. y Aary.cTj 



^•84^ C,- J^ Hoaeii6pjr. 

Cpedfha rejnnepQrypa eodutafhux npejnena oa l«56. 
— I86t. OBaKsa ie: 

"•«i^ J np<Me|»e. 

U.4,".3^ leceH. 
Cpedfha reMnepdrypa eoduuifha aa cnoMen^^To epeiie 

(OA 1856 AO I66e) II3RO0H 11.^2- 

IIj^erjieA pasHHi opomaTpaiba: 

(no BycuHeoAj/,) 



% 

X ■■ 


IVI e c T o 


z 

1 




S«-2.S 






EAcav 




153 


.«.,» 


S550 




AA€i 


• 


135 


**.,'• 


3#64 


CO 


KuHCTOH (> ceoepHoi 










>% 


AMepHKH) 


o 


122 


*t.» 


2684 


fiu 


MnedaAencKa peua 


T 








M 


{y iymioi Anepuim) 




^ 9t 


"/ 


2530 




.9ynuia {y I Aiiep.) 

EoeoTu (BHCoKa pa- 
BiiHi](a y i^rxsHoi Aue- 


o 


131 


«••." 


2887 




pHKH) 




183 


15.« 


2145 



14i 



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9) 

i 

g 

« - 


M e e T o 


S 

X 

o 
U 


«8 • C8 

Hi 

Sea- 

III 


f r a> 

^<B ■ a. 

V ° ■ ■ 


SB a < 4) P 


? 

09 
O 


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o 

B- 

sr 


137 
160 


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f05i^ 
2161 


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!*.,<> 


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a 


HUHCTOH 





\%% 


IV 


2098 


s 


AiuAxaysen (yTHpHH- 

EAcac 

KuHcroH 


■ 

B 


176 
J31 
ld6 


to." 


1960 
2969 
2120 


X 


IfuHt^UNaru (y Auep.) 
TypMepo j )^ Bene* 




137 
92 


t5.,» 


2151 
2208 


ta 


Tpt/KcuHo 1 i;ye.iH 




. 100 


*«•" 


2230 




BAcac 




ise 


14.« 


17^8 




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131 


13.,» 


170^^ 


s 


MuAxay^BH 


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X 


114 


IV 


1799 




Epunnr (na o(Ta.iaiia 


9: 








o • 


HHJia) 




90 


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*-* • 


HuMcroH . 

KyM(iaA (Hcno;^ pa- 


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1738 




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168 


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1^96 



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in 


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IS-.2.2 


BB ■ e* £S 

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lit! 


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AUpudn (hb KopAHje- 

pHMa, 6.IH3y paBHHT.) 


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Ha ocHOsy TaKSHx. npoNaTpaffaa BycumoA H3bo/^h 
OBO : n.y aKapKHN DoiacHMa, r^e cy AaiiH n hoKh ioAHaRM, 
o^^novHffaO pacTHifae eooi pasBHTaK h caapesa nope^ to- 
iMOTe, Koia 3a ceo RpeNO pacTHffaCKor , paasHTKa CKopo 
Ha Uahom HCtoM CTOiienj ocTate^ y Eaponii 11 cesep- 
Hoi ANepHKH pasBHla ce pacTHH>e no^, oeaKoiaKiiM opo- 
Meuaiia TOnnepaType. H. tip. crpMua ofcura XJiBiaiy no- 
poA 6^ fifi 8^ Ton^OTO ; HiHXobo pacreibe npexHAa ee 3n- 
nouy oxsHBOTBopaBa ce oner y npojefce, r R^acie AOcnoBa 
Ao cBoie dpe^oCTH y oho ^,062^ roAHuiH^e xaA ce Teiine- 
paTyp^ noAHiKO najio-no-Majo ao 84^ hjiii 85^ KpoMnup 
caAH ce y EeponM nopcA 3^ ao 18*^, a^H oh caapesa ca- 
MO nocjie BejinRe Ton«iOTe y ly^niy h Aerycry. KwiHiaH>e h 
pasBHTaK OHHx oprana , ca KoiHMa pacTBH>e y seMJbH xao 
H y BSkafl,y\y nsBpuiyie CBoiy acHBOTny paAH>y, ^Hsaiy no- 
pcA TennepaType oa 0® 40 4o^ h^h 45^ ; ajin HatBa»HHie 
Ao5a pacTHibCKor M:H80Ta, oa3peBaH>e, CBpinasa ce yo6uiTe 
y MHoro TeuiHbMM Me^ana, h no THMa ce peuiana : kowIhko 
Ba.i>a KJHMa 3a nery pacTHH>a. Taro bhhobh Joaa pacTH 
y CBoi cBesKOCTH H cffarH ioiii h oh^o^ tao rpoxcl^e HHRa^ 



143 



aec^spcBa. A^ ce Ao6mie ontko brbo, naRCRjie BHHorpaA 
MeraMO A*>OTa too^o abvo n leceu^ boK themy Tpe6a hobo 
Bpeiie 9 B TO DOuiTO rpoaR^^ po4K (notuTO ce apna o^ 
rpoas^a saueT^r h yKaw^) HBTas Mecei^ , xoMe cc cpeAtba 
TennepaTjpa necn^iiiTa hcho^ 19^. — Ha ^a.i>iiN uiBpa- 
HaMa NOHse yraB^ke Heaor A^roTpainor pacTHiba (Kole 
Tpaie A>>*6 OA o^e ro^HHe) aaBHCHTB rojrko oa JaAHohe 
3RRe: TojHKo OA Naii>Ka jexibe TonAOie,"^ 

Bycuneoji le apoRaTpao. pasBHTas paoi*Hif>a h j la- 
ABOM HCTON RecTj, a.iR jT pasHRR roARHaMa» a HJNeRo : y 
Epuchy (y BejrHlN) oa I84l. Ao 1844» r Haiuao l0 
CwieAelke : 

f. 

Od pnaeuTHn npeoa Jiucra na do noerathn 

laftyaa Ph6h8jh .Ihqo BRHoee jioae 
npoTeRjoleA^Hd* 



1841 


rOA. 


31 


8 


51 


62 


1842 


w 


28 


19 


56 


S3 


1843 


i> 


25 


5 


14 


75 


1844 


» 


15 


8 


12 


64 



Od pnseuTkn t^eera nn do caspetha njioda 





Pii 


[6R3»1H 




B«HOBe J03e 


n p o 


T t 


K .1 


I 


e A 


ana: 


1341 roA. 




•J5 






r^- 


I84t „ 




74 









1843 „ 




80 






87 


1844 „ 




62 






129 



III. 

Od paseuTKa na do onadatha ^umha od 

la6^Ka Ph6h34h .^Hne BRifOBe .loae 

npoTes^io ie A^na: 

1841 rOA. 226 — 119 — 

1842 n 223 239 211 — 
184.1 ^ 226 231 201 202 
18V4 <• 218 > 220 201 196 



144 



H» Tora ce bm^r , /|a meerome aiiMe iu>ie neTpai.v 
f^yro Mafike yenofMiBaij paasiiTaK pacTHtba, nero aime loie 
Ajrro Tpaiy^ na «a ose n neuaTO :6^a»e ^a le. 

§. 113. - 

Pa^H ca^yBdHba o^'^ norpeiuana . npii BycumoAo- 
eoM naHHHy onpe^e^aBaifea cpe/^H.e TeMnepaxype no^ 
KoioM ce pacTHfct^ paasHia, sa^ba HMaxH na yiviy iuto 
/f^Knndoji y iroM rior^e^y Kasne. a HMeno : 
' * 1) f^^Ba ce i^owe cacBHiw noy3/^aHO onpe^dHTH, 
Ra/^ o/(tioHitii>e a f(a^ ce CBpiuaBa Roie Bpeiue pacTHH>- 
CKor pasBiiTKa. 

2) loin Bajba naaiiTH CBar^a h na Tewneparypy 
3eMw!be. 

3) Tewiiepaxypa Hcno^ (iiy.ie) cacBUM ie 6e3- 
n.io^Ha. C Tora ce npw cpaiyfi>aBaiby Tewneparype 
3a 3HMH»e yceBe Mory .laifio no^icpacTH norpeiiiKe, no- 
Hem ce II. up. 3a osHMHt^y niueHMny Koia BeK c ie- 
ceHH npoKjtfiia (^iioiepa^), na TaKo iia h>hbh npe3HMH, 
HeMOMce intriaKo H3Ha}iH npasa iviepa Ton.iOTe-, auo ce 

4) Tewneparypa Hcno^ 0. uao Be.iii^Hiia cny- 
iuTaH>a TonaoTe (HeraTUBna Be.iHHiiHa) ca osHaseifeeM 
Heyswe xaitobe y pasyii. 

5) Hainoc.ie, Baj^a tohho uasHTH h ua to, ^a-an 
pacTHibe pacTii y saceyy h^h iia CBexjiocTH. 

§. 114. 

KeTJie onpe/^ejbaBa Mepy Ton.iore, noxpeCHe 3a 
pasBHTaK pacTHH.a j ^pyranHie , Hero BycumoA, Oh 
Hey3HMa itao EycumoA cCnp cpe^K>e xeMneparype o;^ 
cBHiy ^"^ana, 3a KoaHKO xpaie pa3BHxaK pacxHH>a, Beh 
y3HMa 36hp o^ KBa^paxa (npoH3Bo^a o^ 6poieBa no- 
MHOHseHHx coCoM caMHM) cpo/^Bbe xeninepaxypc. OBai 
Kerjiae HaHHH no^y/^apa ce 6o.«.e ca hcxhhom , nero 
Bycum^Aoe ; a^H ce HenpeiwieHO ofiHcxHibaBaiy h one 



146 

piaa^iiKe y Bff^uHeouoeujH panynHMa. PasauRa y to- 
n.iOTH HHie ie^HHK yspou yciiopeiiiy tiJitf saRocneUiy 
pacTHUiCKor pa3BHTKa. O^HOiiiaiH TeMneparype h pa- 
CTHibCKor'pasBHTKa D^ iipe^H^ylie rb/^Hife HHiaiy xa- 
Ko^e fleniTo yrHij^aia Ha hchbot pacTkiiba y noTotbem 
aery. Ila h 04 xpaiaiba ^ana 11 ciwe cBeTjiocTii cy- 
uiracTBeHO sankcn pasBHiaibe pacriifba. C Tora- h. np. 
Ha aa^HHiuM beorpa^. iHapifHaMa h HeaaROcttaBft i;Be- 
Taifee H caspeBaifce pacrnii^a ca ona^aibeM TeMnepa- 
Type oneKo Harjio iiao na TonaHiifM beorpa<f». uiHpH- 
Hama ; na hh 6poi ^itHa , aa ko.ihko ce pacTH»e paa- 
Buia) Hifie raiRO OHoaHRH^ moahhh 6h HMao 6hth no" 
pe^ came nniKe reninepaType^ Ha AB^nom ceBepy 
naRHabyi^ ce raRop^KK ^^ymim ^eicTBOiu cBeT.iocTH 
ie^aH ^eo TonaOTe Roia Tpe6a pacTHfty. 



3) ffrut^ai e^aee na pacTUfhP. 
§. 115. 

. B.iara, Roia ce h3 aTMOc^epe Ta.iomH Ha aemjby 
Rao poca, RHiua h t. /^., cyuuTacTBeHH ie ycviOB aa 
aKHBOT pacTHii>a. Ton^ova cawo nope^ B.iare nocraie 
^ofipoTBopHa 3a pacTHifce. B.iara ciymn pacTHH»y m 
caMa 3a paiiy h oneT 3a pacnaiaibe h yuauiaifce 
ocxa.ie paHC. Ocmw rora ftome ce pa3.'iahyiy Bas^yx 
H aeiMijba , h xHwe y^aamdBa npeKoniepHa xon^ora^ 
npeM^a h noBe^iasa jia/\H(>!ia. 

3« CBdHo pacTHHke HakcKyle ce ocO^Hxa mepa 
'B.iare. Ilo BCKyexBHMa- Sneepa , aHaTiiHioni MHOdKiiHOM 
BJiare aoAnoMame ce pacxeibe luynia h pacxH»a ca 
xanRHM .iHiutieM ; a HaibOM MepoM. naare no^aoMame 
ce paaBHxaR pacruiba ca cyBHiu ^eacOHHHM wiHUiKeM, 
^ajbe pasBHxaR 6HAa (Tea >iHtuha. IloRpeMeHe RHuie 
mapRMx noiaca /^o5pe cy aa 6yiHB paaBUxaR pacxniba. 

TjiacHHK XVII. 10 



146 

a Mdjie HjiH neiuhe khuio ymepeuHX noiaca no^noMa* 
my HapoMHTo pacreibe iiesKiie MaoBHue. 

/ie-HandoA* cacraBHO ie Ioahj vapTjr ^^paai^jrcBe^ 
na Koioi cj oanaHeHa rpn aace^na npe^e^a pacTHifaa (ochm 
njiaHBHa), a imeRO : 

I. flpe^ej pacTHH»a y iyroaaaaAHoi ^paHuyoRoi; 

If. ripeAej paoTHH»a y cpe^Hioi 4»paHiucKoi ; 

III. npe^eji pacTHifoa y iymwA Poncioi aojirhh. 

KaA ce Ta Tpn npeA<34a, ca Ta«io»eH>eii Bo^eHe nape 
na aTiiO€<»epe y ii>H«a ^ jnopeAe i^A^R ^ Apy>*"": A^^^l- 
ayfe ce, a> ^c h parTtiibe y HCT«Ma paajiaBjie nor^aaiiTO 
no pa3JH«iuoi rojih4hiih CTajioseae PoAeRe nape h3 ar- 
iioc<»epe. T. I. y ^exo naAa RHUja y npaoM npeAejiy le- 
rTo, y APyroH pel)e, a y Tpeheii ioui pe^e. Tavaax hgtrjl 
AORaaa niia n aa HTa.iiiiy. 

§. 116. 

PacTHiby Tpe6a HasecHa ico^iHHHHa s^iare y hs- 
BecHHM ^o6HMa iberoBor paasuTKa. 

3Ha ce, ^a cBa ona pana, Koiy pacTHibe cboihm 
KopeHOM H3 aeia.'be npHnia, Mome yiiu y pacTHibe caMo 
Ka^ ie y B^iarH pacnoiena. H Tauo Ka^ HMa saare y 
aeiwjbH, Ta^a h Ta pana h3 seiw^be npo^npe Kpo3 ko- 
peH y pacTHibe; Hnane ne. Ho BJiara ca koIom ce 
pana h3 3eMjbe y pacTHibe yHocH , ncnapaea nenpe- 
crauo Kpo3 .iHiufie h 3eaeHe ^eaose pacTHiba, a paua 
Koia ie y Hboi 6ujia pacnoiena , aaocraie y cacxasy 
pacTHiba. HcnapasaifoeM ie^ne B.iare h3 pacTHiba npasH 
ce MecTo HOBoi BaarH ca hobom paHom h3 3eM;be. Ha 
rai HaHHH, Ka^ y npBOM ^o^y pacTHibCKor pasBHTKa, 
ROA Hdc H. np. y Anpuj^y h y no^exKy Maia HMa ^o- 
cra B^are y aenjbH: HarOMHJia ce y pacTHifce tojihko 
pane h3 aem^e , ko.ihho My Monce 6hth A^^^^a a^ ^^ 
noAnyHo paaanie. y tom caysaiy pa3BirTaK pacTHtba 



147 

Heo(TycTaBJba ce , Ma ;^a 5h ^oi^HHie iiacTaaa h cyiua 
re 6h nonycTH^o h*ir 3acTa.iQ npH^o.iaaeibe Hone 
BJiare ca hobom paiioM h3 aaiiJbe y pacTHibe. H pacTHH>e 
he CBC (Jojbe ycneBarH h Hanpe^OBaxM iuto ce BHUie 
noTpe<jHe pane HaroMii^a y ibera y npBOM ^o6y ibe- 
roBor pasBHTKa. Ory^ ce o6iacH.aBa , iuto ce m ko/^ 
Hac iffpi>eecKe ti enncoecKe imiiie cwaTpaiy icao npasH 
^.larocoB. HiHMa^ce Harana acMjba y Bpeiwe Hai3Ha- 
MaiHHie no p2|CTirH>e, t. i. Cam y npBo /^otJa iteroBor 
pasBHTRa. 

HapaBHO. pacTHii>y xpeCa B.iare y cBunra /^of^HMa 
i«>eroBor pasBiiTKa, na ii y .lero. A.iii no npasH-iy y 
.lero HMa BHme fto^eiie nape y Baa^yxy h poce cy 
3HaTHme , xe pacxiiH»e h oxy/^ npne B.iary uito my 
tpeffa 3a ;^ajbH pasBuxaR , xauo v^a ce oho npenKo 
pasBHia lia^ ce canto y npsOM ^o(Jy iberoBor pasBHx- 
ica iiaiiynH y H»era ^ocxa pane h3 aewjbe. 

yoftuxe ce moxce isasaxH 3a OBe npe^e.ie , ;\a 
pasBUTttK pacTUfha aaeucu od eoduwthe koauhuhc eAdee 
CTaAootceue us aTMoc^epe ua 3eMJhy\ u udpoHuro od 
node Aretha re KOJiunune ua saceffun eoduwfha epeMeHa, 

ITo dsaHHHHOM Haeeuixaiy, no/^HexoM MHHHCTapexBj 
4»MiiaHCHie o RJiHMaTHqRHM oAHOmaiHHa Cp^nie y ro^. 1862., 
liaHOcii cpedfha jnepa e^hee (naTMOC4>epoRHx xaaora: KHuie 
R cuera") y Cp6uiu oa 1856. ao I86S. : 303.,^ nap. jhr, 
eodutufhe, a MecenHo : ^ 

««m7 AeKeni6py. 

20.,^ y laHyapy. 

15-01 y ^e6pyapy. 

2\„ J Mapxy. 

i» M y AnpRjy. 

32.„ y Malj. 

3«-88 y IjHHly. 

213. i» y lyJHij. 

3o; y Aarjcxy. 

10* 



146 

t6.44 J Centem6py. 
> t6.,, y OKTotfpy. 

t9. y HoBeM5py. 

$. in. 

y np^KOJiepHoi MuomuHu eaara ie ySHTaiHa ^a 
pacTHibe. npeupMepHOM B^aroM cnpenyie ce npo^ii- 
pai^e Baa^yxa y acMJby , m aeiajba ce paaaabyie- H 
TaKo npeRioMepHOM Bi«ai:oM o^ycxaB^ba ce cropeBaibe 
H pacna^aH^e feySpera, h3 icor ce AoSnia pana 3a pa- 
cTHH>e , ijOHeM TO cropf»Baibe h pacna/^aite aasHCit 
o^ yjnepene saare , o^ yiwepeHe Tonaoxe h 04 ae- 
cnpesHor npoBeiasaifca aTwoc^epcKor Ba3^xa , ^ 
TO ce cBe npeKOwepHow B,;iaroM nopeMehaaa, Dpe- 
KOMepuoM B^arom KBapn ce cewe h Kopeite xaKO, 
;^a Hainqcae y TpyaeM« iipe4a3ii. Hainocae npe- 
KOMepuoM BaaroM itao aTiiioc*epcKHM xaiioroM, nc- 
pijiasyie ce pacTHACKa pana h3 Bas^yxa u ^eiwjbe. 
IIIto ce TauoM Bjiaront Hcnaa^re Bas^yxa Ha ie- 
;^HOM Mecxy , to ce HCTiiiia BexpoM HaKHahyie b3 
^pyror npe^eaa ; a.iH mxo ce 6yiHHM xof€OM B.iare 
o^Hece ie^HOM Koua^y seiiijbe, to My ce HeHaKHabyie 
^aKO. Tauo ce fiyiHi^ow pacxHiby necxo o/^ysHiwa pana 
H3 3eM^e y Koioi ie, Ha Mecxo ^^a ce xa pana pacnoiu 
xauo KaKo ie pacxHite y ceCe npHMHra Moaite. Ty na- 
paBHO MHorp cxoiH H ^o xora KauBO ie Koie Mecxo 
H aeMJba. noHena /^oaHua nanao^H ce necxo ohhm 
uixo gyiaqa ca BHCHHa cnece. C APJ*'^ cxpane, h3- 
BecHHM /^ojbdMa ie necxo o^BHUie h oho^hko BJiare, 
ca KOJiMKo ce ie/\Ba yMepeuo naKBace BHuia h oi^e^it- 
xma Mecxa: ochm xora, liixo ce y H>H!Ma nar^HM cih- 
BaH>eM BJiare h HanocoM H>eHHM ryiuH h npexpnaaa 
6Hi/be. 

§. 118. 

^ofipOXBOpHOCX H.1H lUtCXHOCX B.iare 3aBHCH 

MHoro M o^ xora. y KaKBOM ie cxaiby ona. 



Jlerjhi»pon0^ nao h ruxa y-eera Ktma ^fi^wa»9m^\y 
y cuSh ^oSpoTsopcTBo ymepeiie BJiare ; nope^ lOra 
HiTo ce HapoMHTO KHiiiOM awoHHiaiE II yrJbBHHHKa nu- 
ceaHHa cHOce y sem^y , o^Ky/^ hx pacTiiiiie c«k oct^- 
40M pa^OM y 4;e5e npMnia. 

Laxa » 4yet)TpaiHa p^uma ^ ca 6yiHi\OH\ BHjue ie 
Q^ uixexe Hero o^ KopHCTn, nao luxo c^o y.npeH^y- 
heiM §y 3a npeKomepiiy B,«ary yofiiuTe naaa^H. 

CVie^ Ka^ na^He y CBoie Bpenre, nao ptaB Tonjio- 
Hoixia noicpHBa h sauiTuhaBa SHMibe ycese (oaHMHify) 
o^ 6ypHHx npOMena TeMnepaxype h aa^^uohe, Koie cy 
HM onacne. Ochm xora, cner ce cacToiH h3 hcthx ca- 
CTaBHHX ^ejiosa nao h KHiiia, h nouiTO ce o^KpaBH, 
HbHiae ce h rnoiH ii iiaKBaiuaBa 3eMJi>a. Baara o^ oro- 
njbeHOr cnera npo/^Hpe HSTHxa y sesi.'by h Harana 
dBaiCH ttOMa^Hh aeMjbe no^iiyHHie uero imuia. C rora 
ce nojbonpMBpe^Hifj^H npase^iio pa^yiy na^ y 3MMy 
^octSl h 3a/^yro cuera Hiita , CMaxpaiyliH to icao anaK 
/^a he 6hth ^o6pa HiexBa , Kao h ^a he aohe ^o6po 
po^HTH. Cner koih na^a y HeBpewe , no3HO y npo- 
i^ehe 5 o^ iiiTere ie 36or cBoie ^a^iiohe . naposMTO 
ica^ ie 3eM^Ba o^BHuie B^aHciia, Ila OH/^a, cboihiii iia- 
roMHjbaBaibeM h xepexOM CHer necro o/^Ba;byie rpane, 
Ha Koie ce Hauynjba ; a y n^aHHHCKHin npe^e.iHMa 
cboIhm croMHaaBaH>eM hh3 crpntHHe cner rii*e4H a Kp- 
111H pacTHibe, H H3Bajbyie APBa h3 Kopena. 

4) ffTui{ai eerpa na pacruHe* 

§. 119. 

yTHi^ai sfiTpa Ha pacTHibe h^h ie o^ lUTere h^h 
o;^ KopMCTH. Bexap ie o^ iiixexe wa^ ie iaw, h aJ^O" 
xpaian , xe oCaia i^sex h po^ , lepuiH rpane h H3Ba- 
.byie H3 Kopena pacxHite. Ochm xora , Bexap ie o^ 
mxexe Ka^ ie cxy^en h na/^ /^ohoch .la^HO Bpenie ko- 



150 

iifm ce ycnopasa h HiiiTehaBa paasHTaK i^acTHifaa. Hai- 
nocjie 5 Berap ie o^ -lUTeTe ^ Ka^ y cyiuHo Bpenie 
;^yro rpaie . xe npHnowawe ^a ce 3eMA>a hito ia*ie 
ii3€yiuif. C APy^ crpaHe Bexap ie o^ uopHCTH. TaKo 
ie OH o^ KopMCTH inTo no^KpeTaftem aTM0C4^epe c we-* 
( ra iia iwecTO ^ohoch pacTH»y cae hob Baa^yx ca iio- 
Bonf pawoM. na oH/^a TonjiftiHM BerpoM ^oHOce ce 
o6«iai^H €8' HHifiOM H^if iyroBHHa. . 

d) ffrut^ai eAenrpuKe na pacrufhe. 

§. 120, 

yxHqai e.icKTpHKe na pacTHH.e ibiii hhic pasia- 
CH»eH. 3iia ce oaiwo, ^a e^eKrpHKa .laiHCxa Hwa yxii,- 
naia Ha pasBHTais pacTHiba, a.ia itaKO, to ce ioiu He- 
ana. Onaanao ce 5 A^^y ro^HHe ca ojyiaMa h eacK- 
TpHiHHM noiakaMa iiaoAHHie , nero 6e3 h>hx ; ^^Ka- 
aaao ce ^^ ceiwe ffpnce K.iHia Ka^ ce e.ieKTpHuie, 
Hero HHa*ie ; nam.io ce , a^ ce iiynojbi^H y spcMe 
ojyie paaBHiaiy fipate. nero 6e3 o.iyie * ho h ^a P^" 
CTHH.e HeAO.ia3H ^o po^a, ano ce f^ecn oayia y Bpewe 
K^Bexaiba iberoBor : ana h3 cBera xora ioui ce HHie 
jtforjo A^KyMHTM , Kano ynpaao e.ieKrpHKa pa^H na 
pacTHH>e. 

MebyTHM, o^eBM^Ha ie lurera o^ ryne (Koia xa- 
Kol>e npHna^a eaeifiTpMSHHiw noiasaMa). Tynow ce 
ofinia HesKiia Kopa, i^ser h po^ oj\ pacTHH>a. /^a 3a- 
pacTy pane , uoie ryia pacTiiHby 3aAa , H3HCKyie ce 
MHoro coKa , a thmc ce cjiaCn caaa HSHBora pacTHH.- 
cKor. UIto ie ispynHnia Tyna^ a M.ia^e h HeH«HMie pa- 
CTHH.e Ha Koie ona na^a, cBe ie seha uiTera. 



151 



6) SaieiHUHKU j^rutiai aTMOCffiepcKUx npomena ua pa- 
cTut^e u npoMorpafke oeux. 

§. 121. 

Hh cBeraocT, hh ToniioTa , hh B^iara , hh HRoia 
noiasa y aTnioc^epH Heuonte cama aa ce6e npo6y- 
;^HTH H ynanpe^HTH skhbot pacTHiba , Be)i cee one 
yKynHO h aaie^HMHtcn pa^^e, TaKO ^a h ok^ubot u pac- 
npocTpafhefhe pacTUHaaaeucu od yhynnoa crathn avMo- 
e^epe ^ hjih iuto to hcto anaHH o^ ttaKBohe kj^ums 
(epeMBua), 

TA\C CMO BH^eaH naiipe^ , KaKo K.iifMa (yuynHO 
era fee aTMOC*epe) uHie ifk no BpeiweHy hh no wecry 
CTa^^na , seh ce oiia MeH>a o^ BpeiMeiia Ha Bpeme , o^ 
ro^HHe Ha rO/^Huy, h na f^y^e BpeMe, na h na cBar^a, 
Kao uiTO ce Tweifcaiy yapoi^w o/^ koIhx ona aaBHCH. 
Paa^H^iHa KJiHma iiua /^aK^ie h paajinnaH yTuqai na 
pacTHH>e. Pa^H nperae^a Kauo ce paaaHiia K^HMe 
orae^a y pan.iHKaMa pacTHtta, ^. XyM6oAT npe^aoacHO 
ie , ^a ce onpe^e^ie noiaceBH o^ ycnesaiba paaHor 
pacTHKa 5 TaKO , ^a ce Mecra. ^o koihx ioiu obo hjih 
oHO pacTHfee ycneBa cie^HHe viHHHiaMa. Ha rai na- 
HHH ^offniaiy ce aa EBpony obh noiaceBH: 

1) npedeA na^MU^ ^ 



2) 


» 


aoMopan^u^ 


.3) 


» 


MacAuna^ 


4) 


»♦ * 


Kearetia^ 


6) 


» 


euHoee-Aosei 


6) 


» 


6yKaea^ 


7) 


« 


pacToaa,^ 


8) 


» 


•okaua^ 


») 


W 


ieAa, 


10) 


w 


6Qpoeaj 


H) 


.»♦ 


^pesa, 


18) 


w ^ 


HpOMnupd, 



1S3 



Hapasno ^ th aoiacn mopj ee j .csaRot aeii ah mho* 
rocTpjMHO yispiUTATH. H. np. ^paiiiijcKa Hua y Tyaon- 
CKOM npHMopijr noMopauyuHy RjiHMy, y .AsiHrefl^ony h IIpo- 
Banry Mac^HiiOKy K^fiMy, y ocTa^iiM npe^c^HMa , ca nay- 
aeTKOM ceeepiie BpexaHie h i^e^e HopiiaH^^Hie, KJUHy 
BHuoBe joae ; me^yTHM oeBepo-aana^^ua 6peTaH>a iipH^iaAa 
aeMjbaMa, y Koiima pe^^KO cuer na^a, h r^e vecTeibe ycncBa. 

y Cp6uiH Mor.io 6n re vMaTpaTH , ^a ce yKpmraly 
cnoMenyTH noiaoH DOHHH>ybH o;^ secrena Qa ^o KpoiinHpa 
(o;^ 4. na Ao *2. npe;^e.ta 3aM.i>y«iHo). — 

HaiBaaKHHia luyKa , Roiy nauiH npaKTHMHH nojbonpn- 
Bpe^ltnHqii uory iiSBecTH ory^a 9 iuto paa^iisHH R^HuaTU 
(npe^e.iHc RjiHiie) Hsiaiy paaaH'ian 3Tni^ai na pacTHibe, 
aancTa ie OBa : MOJbCKa npHspe^a iieMO»»e 6HTii oByrAe 
Ic^^iiaRa, na h ona DpaBH.ia Roia Ba)Ke h. np. aa iinr^ecRy, 
H,iii Heua'iRy, h ua^apcRy npeBpe^y Hwcy 6e3yc^omo ao- 
6pa H aa cp6rRy npuBpoAy. 

§. «l. 

noHem ce iMUAia paa.iHisyie h no dnj^unu od pa- 
enure jha.^ to oe h onpe^ejbaBaiy noiacu pacTU9ha, Tano 
ce 3a cBO noBpiuitie aeMJbe ^o5iiiaiy obhk 8 nolaca ; 

1) FaHuureAiCHU (enenropcKu) noiac , koIh ce m 
c ie/^iie H c Apyre crpawe paBiiHTe^a npocTHpe ^o \h 
creneiia iiiupHHe. Cp^^N^ ro/^Hiiiif>a TeMiiepaTypa pa- 
HyHa ce 20 — 22® P, Obo ce CAiarpa wao noiac naAMu 
u 6nnana. Ty Haio^H^uHie h iiaipaa^MMHHie pacTHite 
pacTH, If Ty ie oho cosHwie . iberOBO .iHiiihe CBeme, 
H iberoBo cTaC^o ia«ie. 

2) TponucKu noiac ^ «oiH ce npocTiipe o^ 15® f^o 
23" I7. III. Cpe/^H.a ro^. TewnepaTypa pa^yiia ce 18 — 
20** P, y oBOw noiacy iia.ia.'^H ce cKopo cbo oho pacTH- 
tte, Koie ce Ha^a.iH h y npBOM noiacy, a^H ce TponH- 
CKH noiac CMaTpa norjiaBHTO iidiO^ noiac nanparn (bh- 
COKMX Kao niyMCKa AP^^) H cMonaea, 



3) ftodrponucKu noiac , o;^ tS® ^o S4P.' Cpe;^iba 
ro;^. TOiijiOTa hshoch 13 — 16* /*. H t^B^e pacTH mhofo 
tpOHHCKO pacTHifce, H TO fee Kpo3 CBy ro^Hiiy -aeineHH ; 
a^H ie OBai noiac nor.iaeHTO noiac Mupru n Aopdepa, 

" 4) TonJiuiu yjnepetiu noiac ^ o^ 84 /^o 46®. Cpe^iba 
ro/^. TeMnepaTypa h3hoch 10 — 15^ Oeai noiac cMarpa 
ce Kao npasa nbcToiCHna eunone Aoae, 

5) Jladnuiu yjHepeuu noiac^ OA 45 ^o 68®. Cpe^Aa 
ro;(. TemnepaTypa hshoch 6 — 9® P. Oft^e HepacTH pa- 
cTHibe OHaRO 6yiHO Kdo y npe^if ^yhHM nola<^iiMa ; ajiH 
ie OBai noiac (Jorar ca i^CyifceM h uiH6.^ai^HMa. 
CeBepna mefea OBor noiaca oChhho ie b meba C^kbc 
H iAHBa^apcTBa* OsHi noiac nasHBa ce noiac eepon* 
CKU.X dpea. 

6. Cy6apHTucKu noiac o^ 58 ^o 66®. Cpe^ifca Tem- 
nepaTypa ie 3 — 5® F. Obo ie nor^aBHTO noiac 'dopo- 
eufie u noname. Ila h naiiOBUHa vySvi ce Ty cse ^irnie 
H BHuie, a^H iejia, iacHua, 5pe3a, iaceu h BeH>a na- 
^aae ce MeiuJie. Ctpmhhx uiHTa maao Hnia. 

7) ^pHTUCKu noirtc^ o^ 66 ^o 7S*. Cpe^ifea TeM- 
neparypa h3hoch naisHkue \.^ P. O^ pacTHiBa Ha^aaii 
ee norjia.BHTO 6p€^a , aaTiiiif Maw h Cop , ienaM 
ycnesa cawo ^o 70® b. in. ; Kynye , pena , fcpoMnvp, 
cnanali h <!aaaTa ycneaaiy iom h Ha 71®. 

4) floAycKu npedcA o^ 72® na ^a.'be. JleTO Tpaie 
caino 4 — 6 He^ejba. Obo ie noiac a^nucKoe pacrufha, 
PacTHi&e ie KpinaBO h pe^no. 



§. 183. 

Ho K4ifjiia.ce paa^HKyie bo eucutiu nad jnopcKUM 
n^epwuicM na ce h npeua TQHe noiacn pacxBiba .^e^e 
oaAffro : 

l\ IJpedeA noAMu u Canana^ liOHiiH»e o^ uopcRor 
noBpniHia h HpocTiipe ce ^o lOOO.CTona Bvcoiu). 



m 

Z) iJfi^deu naapara u cMonoea^ npocTiipe ce o^ 
1900 i^o 3800 CTona bhcoko. 

3) OpedeA Mupru u Aopdepa npocTHpe ce o/^ 
3800 AO 5^00 cTona. 

4) IlpedeA ceaeda aeAenux dpna 9 ^^onnpe ^o 7600 

CTOna BHCOKO. 

5) DpedeA Aucrneux dpea , ^onupe ^o 0500 CTona 

BHCQKO. 

6) iJpedeA ueAunaeux dpea ^ (5opa, ie.ia H t. n.), 
^ODHpe.^^o II.0OO CTona y BHCHuy. 

7) npedeA aAnucuux pyotca^ ^onHpe ^o 13.300 

CTOna BHCOKO. 

8) ilpedeA oAnucKoe 6uA»a ^ /^onHpe. 40 CHexcHe 
rpaHHi^e, r^e cacBHM npecraie hcubot pacruiba. 

npoMaTpaifaeM AAnucKux naanNHa 6paka UlAaeuHT" 
taiT'U (^doAffi u XepAiau) aok^hhjih cj , a^ o^ paa^Hi^e 
y BHCHBH uaA MopcKHn jiOBpuiHieji Ao^ase osase npoMene 
y cBcty pacTHHta : 

1) BpeMe aa sole ce paeTiiH>e paasiiia rpaiD cbc 
ipabe uiTO ce Aa4ie y bbc hac. H.iMc^j 1000 11 8000 
CTona B3Hocn ouo caMO 95 A^na ; na Kpalfboi mb^h ^a^ 
ueporancKor (iineTjrKer) pacTBtfaa, ua bbcbhb apeio io«eoo 
cTona ) CBOAH ce oho OAnpnUnKe na 1 Mecei^, tbko aa 
TO HaiBBuie pacTHH>e y HesroAHBM roA«HaMa ocTaie aa 
CBO AeTO eneroM noKpHBOHO. 

t) Bpene , Koie .npoTe*ie oa celaiba na a<> aveTBe 
3UMif>er xsHTa (osHUHi^e) , CBe ie Ay^KO , iuto le auaTHnia 
BHCHHa. Ha KpaiifcQi mbI^h ctpmbhx aiHTa , na bhchhh oa 
50000 AC 5S00 CTona, Tpaie oro noueKaA nyuy roAwny 
Aaua. 

3) PaaBBTdB pacTBiba jo6u[iTe ce sa BpeMe i^BeTaiLa 
y6noj>aBa MaH>e , Hero 3a BpeMe caspoBaifca njOAa. To 
ycnopeuie (3aKoeHeH>e) nsuoch na AjinHMa na csaMHx 
1000 CTOna no 10 A^nat aa Bpene i^BeTa»i»a 9 a no it^s 
Aana aa spOMe catipeaaifoa , h.ih y cpefl,iby pyuy 1 1 Aa«a 



iii 



sa €BO Bpeae pasiiHt«H>a. IIopeA ieAHiMe pasjiHie j en* 
oRiiB citaifcjle ee 3ro6uiTe ea t^ C cpeAH>a TeniiepaTjrpa, 
oco6rto OHor BpeMena, n»ji, ce pacTMifre panaifia. 

4) TeMtieparjpa npH soioi HaaecHa noi^ea HacTaie, 
Rao A» 7 npojiehe na paaniiM BiiCNiiaMa yo6iUTe ocTaie 
AOCTB ieAiraRa ; a^iB oneT iia aHaTHiiinM BHCRMana cner ce 
OAnoNHHie RpaRntH h aiHBor pacTRKia 6y/^UTU nope/( ne- 
iHTO TonuHie reiinepaTjrpe. HanpoTHB iacno re ona»a» 
AaBp'eue spejioctH nJOA* ua anaTHAH BRcnuana Bacraie 
nopeA HeaHaTBiiie cpeAH>e TeMncpaTjpe /^afla. Ko^ noHe- 
Ror paofBiba ap^o oy anaTHe paajiRxe y Tone. Oae na- 
Hoce H. np. ROA Tpeuiaiba o^npn^RRe 5^ ao 6® Cy. roa 
paiRn eaHMHi^e caopo s'*, Ra^ te naiBNiua cTauRua Tor 
pacTHtba jnope^H o a 110411 oat ateM Ajina , rjr ea paaHH- 
i^ana Heaasae. 

5) IIpoMOTpH.iB ce a^Hp TeauepaType oa paanHX 
Ao($a paeriiiiiCRor pasaaTKa: oiiAa ce hhhh, ^a mhoto pa* 
OTRfbe na cBOian H;tiBniijnM ue^aMa ua A^nuMa fi^o6Hlai tisi 
HCTe cTcneae paaaaTKa uskthe TonjioTe Hero y paaani^aMa- 
To ce oooOhto onaasa ko^ CTpauHx acRTa. 

e) KoA ce yiiopeA« sarctfua Mecra A.ina , noaaa^^ie 
ce, A^ neaa oACT^naiba 3^ apeMeAjr paCTHH»a aaaace oa 
Tora RSRa ie TeunepaTjpa y rom Meceujr n^n y fotij apa- 
liHM BpeMeHHMa. ToMRe 6a leAHaKe BBCHue h cpeAH>e ro- 
Anii]H>e TeMnepaTj^pe, roIhx ce KJiHMa aauie y apaiHocTUHa 
npeACTaB.i>a cTOie y paaaaTKy pacraiba csarAa npeA 
OHHM TOMRaaa. ua aoiaMa vy npoMene TenftiepaTjrpe Maite 
pa3jiR«iiie. 

1) flpnuoc y 3pHy oa CTpMiiiix atHTa , aao n rojih. 
•iHHa njio^oaa h paamepa ibaxoaa cnpaii cjaiie, cae cy 
MaHiH lUTo ie anaTHiila aacRHa. IIpHHoc y apny oa paacn 
odHMRi^e II iemna na HalaBUioi MeJ^n , oa 50oo ao 5aoo 
otona, Mai&H te 1, na 3 h 5 n>Ta oa cpeAH>er npHROca 
y i6o.i>HM roABsaMa. noBehaiioii Ton^OTOM aa Bpeue paa- 
BBlaH>a pacTBUia noAnoMaace ce cocbrm npaBHJuo hpRHOC 
Ha aHdTHol BHCBHH ; a THM ce ylcAHO jcROpaBaly h AO^a 



}M 



pacTiiif>c|(or paamiviia. C vora'ce Ta«o aaoy^omiTe roAHHd 
noA^A^paijr ca eodunaMa y RoiHMa «hto caapeaa aeuiTo 
paHHie Hero y cpeAHij py %y. 

§.124. 

CnOMeHyTO pacTHAe Huie TdKO Beaauo aa onpe- 
^ejbeiiy KjiHMy h noiac 3eM4>e, ;^a ce oho HHKa/^ /^av^e 
pacnpocTHpaTH HeMOHce. HaiBetiH 6poi noTpeCuor pa- 
cTUB»a TaKBor le cacTasa , ;^a oho h Bau npse no- 
0Toi5HHe CBoie mome ycnesaTH, h to cByr^e r/i^e cy 
K.iHMa (napoMHTO mro ce THHe cpeAH>e TeMjiepaType) 
u 3eAM»a OHdKBe Kao iuto cy K.iHMa h aeni^iia npae 
nocToiCfuHe, h«iii cy 0ap iia4nK aa re. 3a oho pacTHH>e 
Koie ce npuBHRjio ua K^Hiay Koia ie v^pyrasHia o^ 
K^HMe y iberoBoi npaBoi jiocToi^HHH , a^n ie Hqan 
TaKBB, ^a OHO y iboi ycneaa, Kaane ce ^a ce noKAu- 
jHUAo (npenHTOMHao). HaiBHiue coocoChocth aa no- 
KaHntefte uoKaayie oho pacTHii>e, Koie ce y yMepenuM 
noiacMMa c no'iexKa Kao ;\HBJbe ua.ia3H. TaKO BeAn* 
KOM 6poiy nauiHX Bohaua , luyMCKHx ;^pBa , ctpmhhx 
HftHTa H 6Hjba lUTo cjymu ctokh aa pauy npuna/^a y 
Be^uKoi mepH cboIctbo, 4a ce uoKanMe ; a y Haimaiboi 
MepH upana^^a to cboictbo pacTHiby, isoMe ie auapKH 
H pacTHH>y KOMe ie jiaAHH noiac npapo^ua uocToi- 
6HHa. Ha ocHOsy CBoicTaa ^a ce noKJiHMH, npecabyie 
ce pacTHHie na npe^ejia y npe^ea paaHHM ua'iHHOM* 
TaKO ce aerpoM h bo^^om hoch ceiue 04 pacTHiba a 
ceie /^ajbe 04 crape nocToiCHne. Ila h nrai^e y 

KJbyHOBHMa Kao H OCTaaa »€HBOTHM>a CBOinM Ha- 

HHHOM npeuocii ceMe 04 pacTHiba iia ie^^Hor mecTa 
y ^pyro. A^h pacupocTpaHeH>y pacTHiba sau npae 
nocToi^HHe naposHTO ie npanomorao ^oaeK. TaKO 
cy o^ cTpjHHUx otcuTu npeneTH y Espony : paoic 
TeK y cpe^if>eM Beny h3 Moiiro^cKe , oeac aa ce- 
Bepne Aanie, npyna (niiieHHi^a) aa IlepcHle , ie- 
HQM Ha ApiweHCKe, curua npoia Ha Aam^, ntipu- 



I5» 

uan 113 MCTOMNe Hfi^iiie , "^yngpys^ na AMepnite , e^da 
«3 XHNe. O^ €apuea npeHerH cy y Evpony : ppaUMK 
H3 Eeurtra^ cohuso h3 Aanie, nacyjh us ApaacKe, rti^ 
Kee^ docTGH ff Kpmera0t^n ii3 CirpKie. O^ eohana npe- 
NeTH cy y Espony : wjkuee h3 Taypuie , 6adejn h3 
FeoprHie, Specnea m3 HCTOHue HH^^iiie, opaeu h- cjuo- 
Kee H3 FeoprHie, eyfta ca Kaeiiasa. 

y HOBHle BpcMe cacrae^aiy ee TaRoiiaaB. auAUjna'- 
ru0Ha dpffwtea h npase mKjmjnnTuene 6awTe sa patnipo- 
CTpaibanaifoe noTpc6iior pacTiiiba xao r asHSOTHibe. Ko* 
jtiKO cy Ao6poTBoptta raiCBa Apyu>TBa n 6aujTe, iioxse re 
bhahth h3 H3BeiuTaia x> „aKJiujKaru4fiOjN dpywrey y Ha^ 
puiy,^ Koie csm cao6uiTHo j „cp(kfHUJN Hoeuna^a^ aa 
1898 (n» Gp. to. OA 15. 4»e6p. ii 6p. tt. oa to 4»e6|>.) 

§. 1«5. 

Ka^ pacTHifce sasHCH o^ KJiHue ratio , ;^a csaKa 
npoMeiia ic.iHMe npasH npoMCHe y pacTHiby : OH^a ie 
3a no.i>CKe iipiiBpe^^HifKe, noiu ce fiase tterom pdcTH* 
if>a, npeua iioTpe^a, ^a npoMarpaiy : vaiisa ie K.iiiMa 
no/^ KolcMH OHH pB^e , MHMe ce OHa mefta , y icaKeoi 
cy cBe3H ifceHe iipoweiie Mcfey co6om h KaicaR vTH^ai 
HMaiy one iia pacTHibe. H raicBa npoMaTpai^a HHiie 
ce o^Buo n ysejuno no nanpe^HOM cneTy. IfoHnia 
ee ^onyHHAOy /^a iioweite K.iHMaTMHf«e npoMOHe K^iifMa 
ce cyiiiTacTBeHO nena nojbcica npHspe^a ^o.iase 04 
oiiaKBHx yspoKa Koie mobck Cap yHei«o.iMifo y cbo- 
ioi B^acTH HmaTH h »iiMa ce isopitcTM'rH ii*ih ce o/^ 
ifaRXOBe uiTexe raMyaaTH moaie. Bpe^HO i-e ^au^ie^jt^ 
H KiH 6aH»e ca3HaMO hbshh h npaBaiv TaKOHasa. 
rtoj»aKO''npttepedHoe KAUJiaruHHoe npoMarpaf^a, 

y TOM npoMaTpanty nasH ce: 

1) KaKBO ie yoCiure apeme. 

1^) Kanaa ie Ka^^ npuTHcaK 04 saa^yxa. 



m 

3) le-aH Be/^po, H.1H ie o^aaiHO, h Ka^ ie o6.ia* 

UHO , K^KBH Cy O^.UIf^H , H KaKO Ce OHH HOCe (nBO- 

i) KaKae ie eerap m o^ny^ oh ^ysa. 

5) Kaifo ce TeMnepaTypa Meiba. 

6) Ko.iHKO Kttiiie. na/\a, h. KaKsa ie ana. 

7) le-.iM MaraoBHTO. 

8) naau ce ua oayiy, Ty*iy h APy*^® nosHare 
Aiereope. 

0) Ka^ Hacraiy h npecraiy ciana h MpaaesH y 
npoaehe H y ifecea? 

10) Ka^ o^iioHiiiiie cuer na^aTit , ^oHAe ce oh 
ua 3eiiia>ii ^pmH h k»^ ce upaBH? — 

4^*^^ ^^ naaH : ^ 

11) Ka^ ce y npoaehe npo^yHyie bchbot ko^ 
^HBjber pacTHiba. 

12) Ka^ ce ceie oaHMMna, a ica;^ aernHa. 

13) Ka^ ij^Bexaiy h caapeBaiy (npHcnesaiy) : 
aj noa»cifi ycesH, oaHMHx^a ii aernna, 

if) Bohne, 

e) BHHOBa ao3a (sHHorpa/^H) 

a) myniCKO v^psehe. 

14) KaKsa ie yotfiure ro^'^HHa, nao^na na nenao* 
^na, H T. A. 

Hainocae yaHiiia ^e hb ym h 

15) KaKO ce orae^aiy npomeHe KaHnte Ha aiiiBO- 
THH>H, Ka^ ^oaeliy h o^aetiy nTHi|e h3 cTpanor cBera, 
Ka^ ce ykaayiy rycennqe h ocraae 6y6e h tfy^ni^e 
Koie cy o^ lUTere, h t. a. 

Kao noMohHa cpe^cTBa aa Haae/^eMa npoma- 
Tpaifca cayaie : 6apoMeTap, TepmoMeTap, xHrpomerap, 
Berpoaa pyma h ocxaae MeTeopoaorncKe cnpase Koie 
CMO HanoMeHyaH y nayi^H o npojneHama y aTMOC4»epH. 
Ys TO ce cnpeiMH h napoHHTO KH»Hraj y KOiy ce 
aanncyie CBe ^aH no ^bh Han nac no ^ac Ka^ ce 
uiTO npomarpa. H np. aanHcyle ce KaReo ie Ka^ 



MO 



craibe ^apoMerpa, TepmoMeTpa h XHrpoMerpa , Ka- 
Kas ie KaA npasai^, a Kaxsa iaiuHa Berpa, icao mro 
CMO TO Hanpe,'^ xsaaaaH (§§. tZ,j 51. ,> 5Z. h 54). Be/^puHa h 
o6«iaHHHa oanaMyiy ce SpoieBHina Taico, ^a 3iiaMii 
;^a ie 6hao cacBiiM ee^^po^ a 1. 2, 3 h 4 03Haiyiy ie- 
4«o 3a ^^pyrHM cxeneHe oda^iHHe. KHiiia, cner, caaHa, 
mar.ia h t. ^. o3Ha^yiy ce npBHni caoBHina cBor HMe- 
Ha. Hainoc.ie osHanyiy ce uapoMHTO h BaHpe^Hu k^h- 
MaTiiMRtt noiaBK, Kao h pe^ pa3BHTKa pacTH»>a h npo- 
Me.He y xowe. UIto ce xHse Bpeniena npoMarpaiba, 
r»i9BHO ie ^a c^ npoMarpaiba hbhc npaBH^iio, y onpe* 
;^eJbeHe *iacoBe CBaKor ^ana. OChhho ce npomaTpa y 
9 caxaxa y iyTpy, y Z caxara nocie no^He, Ka^ reiw- 
nepaxypa natBHiue ctoIh, h y 9 caxara y B.e*ie ; a^H 
ce HapaBiio h 4pyrii nacoBH H3a6paTii Mory. Fla ^o* 
era ie h ^a ce cBaitor ;^aHa camo no ie^annyr npo- 
Marpa, npem^a ie npoMarpaifee CBe noyd^auHie , uito 
ce seiu)\e hhhh. Hecra npoMarpaiba HapoHiiro ce h3- 
HCKyiy 3a TOHHHie 03Ha*ieii.e xeMiieparype ii KHUie 
lUTO ie 3a nojbctey npHBpe^y HaisarnHHie. 

. Pa^H npHMepa , mh cTaB4>aMO oB«^e h oSpaaai^ 
KibHre 3a noACKO-npHBpe^Ha KaHsiaTHHiia ilpoMa- 
Tpaiba : 



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161 



TemiepaTjrpa no PeoainpoBOtt TepMOMerpjr 



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rjiacHHK XVIL 



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16t 

§. K6. 

B11.AO 6h HeH3MepHo ^oCppTBopcTBo . Kd^ 5h ce 
npoMaTpaifceM idHMaruHKHX o/^HOiiiaia nocTHr.ia mo- 
ryhjHOOTj^a ce yiianpe^ casHa KauBO he Ka^ r^e 
BpeMe Chth. To 6h c^ymH.io Kao BOfl^Hjbua aa nojb- 
cue npHBpe^HHKe y h>hxobom Hsfiopy 5 Koie he pa- 
CTHH»e Ka^ reiaxH u uamo he ra HerOBaxH. A^h /^a- 
namita nayna o uaHniH (K.iHMaTO.aorma , Mereopo-io- 
ruia) lofii ie /^aaeKO o^^ MoryfeiiocTH npe^cKa3HBaii»a 
BpeineHa. ^OKyiyiy ce yapoqH o^ koIhx ;\o.ia3e npo- 
weHe y aTMoc<i>epH; ^oKy4yie ce Kaiso nocTaiy h uaKo 
ce npoHOce h pacnpocxHpy cBex-iocx xon^oxa 11 e.ieK- 
xpHKa ; na OH/^a ^oKyiyie ce isaKO nocxaie m ^yaa 
Bexap, KaKO HcnapaBa BO^a , naKO ce uinpH Bo^ena 
napa, nsmo ce oHa xa^ioHsu, h uoaiiiio ic.iHMa aaBHcn: 
o^ BHCHHe Hay^ MopcKHM BO^opaBibeM, o^ yapoKa Me- 
cxa H X. ^, ; Hainoc.ie ^OKyMyie ce , /^a cy ceBepna 
A4>pHKa, cpeAHaewHo mope, aana^Ha HH^nia, cbcxcko 
Mope, no^iapHO iwope 11 orpoMna npocxopHia cyse se- 
nile y AaHiif, /^a cy xo oribiiiuxa Ha KoiHMa ce npapn 
K.iHMa Koia Ma.ioi EBponif ^o6pe h.ih phase mexBe 
V^ohoch. Ho KaKO ce y onpe^^ejbeHo Bpeiwe h y onpe- 
^ejbeHOM Mecxy yaaiMHO H3«o^e ^ cycxHHiy cnowe- 
Hyxe noiaBe , aaiuxo ie ueKa^ aexo .la^HO , 3aiuxo 
/^pyrH nyx HeKoaHKO ro^HHa ie/VHO 3a ^pyrnw cyiiiy 
;^OHOce H X. ;^. xo ioiii hhko iieyiwe ^a Kame. Mefey- 
XHM , HayKa o kvihmh iom ie hob^ , OHa ie HaiM^aHa 
rpaua npHpo/^Hiix HayKa, h ynpaso xeK ie o^^ 30 no- 
cjbe^^ibHx lo^HHa npe/^y3€xo ochobho h npasHaHo 
npoMBxpaibe K.iHnie na BHiue xonana Ha noBpiiiHiy 
3eMjbe , na ce neniOHce pehn /^a ie xoi nayi^H cacBHM 
HemorjhHo oho , 111x0 ce 3a xaKO npaxKO Bpeme nnie 
Mor.io /^oKyHHTH. C APJ*'*^ cxpaHc. Ka^^ iioi'vie^awo Ha 
pa^ H Hanpe/^au K.iHMaxo.iorHCKHx cxannu^a Koie cy 
HHr.ie3H, PycH, CeBepoaNepHKaHu^u. <f>paHL\y3H h ^py- 



163 



rx uanpe/^NH Hapo^u no^HtviH h HenpecTanb hx no- 
^HjKjr : Moncemo ce ca ochobom Ha^arH , ^a fye nayKa 
fcoioi ie XyM6oAv rentejb no^oMtiio h uoly ie ^oae y 
HOBHie Bpeme paasHo HMaTo aamnHX no<*^e^aKa aa 

npaKTHMIIH mUROT. 

H y Cp6aiii apeAJ80TO Ie ocHMBaibe B^tHMaTO^orn^ 
cvNx cxaBHi^a. Ha ma^ocTy re CTauBi^etoui hbcj to.ibbo 
aojinjae b Toqae , i^ak ce iioxce pa<ijiiaTB Ba BcnpasHocT 
ifoHXOBBX npoBarpaiba, BjiaAa ie fl^ymusi ^a ^^ 6pBite o 
HiBxoBOM 6o^eM ype^effaj, Kao luro TaRSj (SpHry Bo^e ii 
cBe ocTa^e teanpeAiie BjiaAe. Me^^TBM sac^jra ie r. B. 
laKiiiB4a» CTapor npo^ecepa jiHiiieicRor, a oa^diber Ha«ie.i- 
HB«a y MiiHBCT. <i>Huattcie^ oito cj b y Cp($HiB OAnoMe'ra 
BJiBMaToaorBCRa npOMarpafba, caMO 6n no iiauieM MRiujie- 
u>j r. lasuinh CTeRa<^ ioui Beby aacjijrj , saA 6n cey 
^yAy^^ *ijliao Aa neitpopoKyte Ba^ Ke 6ttTfl non^aae, no- 
nem ya tbkbo npopoRCHiaibe y tiay^n ueMa ocBOsa, a ioiu 
HaH»e MOBie 6rtr 'vaSBor ocnOBa jr ieAHOCTpaHoii h apaT- 
ROBpeiieiioR npo«RTpatf>y. 

§. 186. 

Ho aKO ce y Hayi^H ioui neaHa nir aa KdKBe 
cra.YHe m noya^BHe ochobc, no KolHiwa (Jh ce apewe 
npe^cKaauBaao : HHia neKojiHKO aHauosa aa Koie hc- 
KycTBO TOBOpH ^^a npe^xo^e osaKOM h^h oaaKow 
crafty anwoc^epe. RtaBttHie o;^ thx aHanoaa mh tiemo 
OB/^e noCpoiaTM, caMo ^a ^^ ^y^Y^ ^•^*' HHRano ney- 
3HMO Ha ceCe, /^a ieMHHMO aa ibiixoBy aepHOCT. 

TaKo ce Bpeme npe^CKaayie no npaat^y eerpa. 
BerpoBH KoiH /^o^iaae na .ia/\HHX h ncapnax npe;^e.ia 
(nojiycKB II pasHHTejbCKH BerpoBii) Te»«e y nauxHiii 
ymepeHHiii npe^e^tHMa ;^a ie;\aii ^pyror Ha^B^ia^a. 
Ha^^avia;^a-.iH no.iycKH aerap cTa.mo aa cay ro^HHy: 
on^a he 6irrH mapKO aero, a »efcTOKa aiima. HaAaaa^a- 

11* 



im 



•iH eKBaropCKH sexap : «ieTo Ke 6hth Jia/^no h BaaniRo 
a 3|fMa 0«iara h ca ^octa cuera. OShhho th BefrpoBH 
HaH3iiieHL|e saa^aiy , Taico /^a aa jicapKHM *ieToi» ^o- 
•ia3H 6aara 3HMa, a 3a wia^HHM .leTciM ^ojia3H nc€Hrro- 
Ka 3HMa. 

Ka/^ ie awwa Caara, xa/^a ce o^ npoaexibe to- 
naore HeTpoiuH MHoro ua o^KpasaiHBaibe ' ae^a , no- 
Hen y 6aaroi shmh xora Hsie Morao 6itTH y BeaHKoi 
Mepii , HHTH ie Mpa3 Morao ^y6ono y semjhy sa^R. 
y TOM cay^aiy ^anae seMJba h Baa^yx o^ma ce c 
no^exKa npoaeha 3arpeiy 4f pacxiiibe ce pano- paa- 
bhIc;. Ho auo ie y kom cyce^HOM npe^eay 6Hao me- 
cxoKe SHftie na ce xy HanpaBiiao Miioro ae/^a h mpad 
ce ^ySoKO y 3eMa.y cnycxHo; oa^a xy y npoaeke 
xpQ^a ^ocxa xonaoxe, ^onae ce y^aaace nocae^Hi^e 
04 cypoBe 3HMe, Tauo ^a ce xamo saa^yx y to Bpe- 
me HemoMce aano 3arpeiaxH. ycae^Toraiipami ce y 
lipoaehe cse SHaxniiia paaaHKa Hameb'y xennepaxype 
OBOr npe^a^eaa ca cypoBOM 3hmom h xennepaxype oRor 
npe^eaa ca 6aaroM 3hmom. Ha ocHOBy xe paaaHKe, 
cxpyiH Baa^yx h3 xonanier npe^^eaa y aa/^HniH, h h3 
aa^HHier y xpnaniH. SarpeiaHHM Ba3/^yxoM h3 xonau- 
ier iipe^eaa 6.ia9KH ce cypoBocx waHwe y Aa^HHienn 
npe^eay, aaii cxy/^eitUM Baa^yxoM ua .la^MHier npe- 
^eaa paaaahyie ce Baa^yx y xonaaieM npe^eay h 
xHMe ce iiaHOcu uixexa pacxuiby. TaKO aa fiaaroM an- 
mpM ^oaaaH ^ec^xo h aa^HO npoaehe, b oco6hxo aa 
fiaaroM 3hiiiom h xoDfiHM nonexKOH npoaeha Hacxaie 
lecxo /^yroxpaiHa aa^uoha y noxoH»eM A^6y npoaeka. 
TaKBa no3Ha aa^uoha yCaxasHa ie 3a yceBe, a «>e 
HMa uaiBHiue y npe/^eaHMa Koin Hucy saisaoHreiiM o^ 
ceBepa h ucxona. 

Ka^ le *e6pyap Bpao cxy^en. na tck y Mapxy 
HacxauecyuiHo h xonao Bpewe: xa/^a ce Bas^y^ aft- 
rpesa y Bpene h HMa ^ocxa xonaoxe aa HaHia»e ce- 
nena* Y xom cay*iaiy HeAoaa3H 6p3o hm aa^HH noay- 



lis 



cttH RQTap. H raKO ce cyuiajiUlapT cuarpa Kao no« 
90jbaH anaK sa nojbeny npHspe^y. — 

Ovperaibe aerpa . o^ cqaepa iyry 6HBa o6hmho 
6e3 KHiiie ; awiH OKpeTaH>eM serpa o^ iyra cesepo-' 
aana^y npase ce seaHKe KHiue. B.ia»sHH {jhsiim h iy- 
roaana^HM BerpoBH ^onoce nouaiBiime npoMeH>HBO 
Bpeme; y Jiexo oayiy, y SHuiy •lecro iyroBHHy. 3ana- 
^HH H cesepoaana/^HH BerpoBu ^ecro H3Be^paBaiy 
HeCfo, a.iH Ta Be^pMna pe^KO /^yro rpaie. CeBepHH m 
ceuepoHCTOHHH gerpoBH no npaBH^y npase ^yto^ 
Tpaiuy BeApMHy ; kb^ Ayw® ceBepoHcrou RacTaie y 
jieTO BHiue mapRO cyso Bpenie, a y 3)iMy necTO-SKe^ 
CTOKB .ia^Hoha. HcTO*iifu seTpoBH /^OHOce oSimno 
cyao M Be/ipo, y Aevo Tonjio, y auMy jt&^HO BpeMe. 
HanpoTHB iyroHCTOH npasn Biiiiie Kmiiy, ho mocto 
Tpaie jieno speMe ioiu iiersojiHKO ^ana noniTO or kb- 
craue. Ka/^ Tai aerap ^y^e nacTaie , npe Hero iuto 
ce Bpeme npoiieHH ., y ;ieTO naiBelia npHnexa , a y 
3HMy o/|no4Hiiie nOHeKa^ ca thm BerpoM iyroBHua. 
Ha/( ce caaKM nac MQAa npaaatf Berpa , finhe o^iyie. 

§ iw- 

4^jbe, BpeMe ce npeACKaayie h noiaBBMa cserAo- 
CTU. Taiso KOJia ouo c^Ht^a u ouo jnecet^a siiane no-* 
uaiBHuie ^a he 6mth KHuie. Ako ce Jteeen t^peenu: 
6uhe sexpa; bko ie (fAed : finbe UHuie; axo ie ceetoA^ 
6Hhe Be/^po H jieno apeMe. Ka/^ ce KpaieaH mecesia 
iteBH/^e iacHO, ica^ Mecei^ kbo xpoa marjiy anpH , kb^ 
aeeade HHcy oaaKO ciaiue nan oShhho y cbbkom tom 
ciynaiy npe^citasyie ce K«iua ^ hjih ojiyia. Ua^ ca 
cyune paba Myrno ca TaBHHM oCjia^Hiia, mhc^h ce, 
^a he 6hth nniue, Han, na^ Hnia ^ocra Tonjiore, 6iike 
ojiyie. Taico^ hcto Cnhe VHiue : h uaA ce cyHi^e Gae^o 
H cesaiyhu po^u , na ra HacKopo o6aai|4i aoKpHiy, 
Kao H KB^. ce OHo y i^pBCHnacTOM oCaaKy pal^a, a aa 



xasaH, rycT otf.iax aa^asM; Ka^ ce cyH^e hhcto pa- 
i7a H aaaaaif, oGhhho ie Jieno speMe. BarpeHa pyjnen 
aope yofiniTe anaHH ^ /^a he BO^ena napa y ^ojbHUM 
caoiesMMa axmoc^epe CKopo craaojKfiTH ce y Mar,iyj 
H3 Koie ce iwory uo^\i)nin ii o6A9a\vi ca khujom. £?^e- 
doha aope ^ i&ao h MSHsa jP'y^i^M eentpu ^ riviaTpaiy ce 
Kao opeTCHe aeaor Bpeweua. Ho seMepiba pyweif 
npe^cKaayie aeiio .speMe caMO OH^a, Ka^ ce npH aa* 
xojiy cyHqa 6ae^a pyatH^ua py^eu npeansa y CBer.iy 
MHcry 6eaoliy. IIoKaaKe-aH ce ^on^HNie y cMpKiba«afi>y 
Haxas 6eo o6aa'iHh y Hai^y6./beM 3a«feji»y ceaepoaa* 
na;^: OH^a ce Mome pafyuaTH Ha no^vme cyso m 
TOUJM) Bpewe y vieTO^ mjih na .la^Hci^y y aamy. Ano-Jia 
ce npa 3axo/\y cyHi^a bh/^n aaracNTO i^pBeH, MpK hah 
SaKApHe 6oie oSaaK ca ifpH«M npyraMa o/^ oesepo- 
aana^a npema iyroHcroKy : OH^a npe^cxoiH khuio- 
BHTO, HjiH 6ap npomeibHBO BpeMe. To hcto BaacH. h 
ifa/^ ce -cacBHii atyxe hjih CBeT.«o aeAewe npyre yica- 
sKy Ha cesepoaana^y , noiuro cyni^e aa^e; h.ih tta^ 
i^pH o^Jia^H^i npn nacratiKy HohH na roi crpaiiH npo- 
iypH. Ha cesepoaana^y xosHHie ce npe^v^nasyie spe- 
Me, iiero Ha ma Koioi ;^pyroi cxpaiin He6a. C xora ce 
Be.iH, ^T^a cBaKH n.ianHHCKH npe^ea HMa na cesepoaa- 
na;^y c^fixyxyKutuny injity, JKyxe h iacHon^iaae npyre 
y Bene, uameuiaHe meHy cofiom, npe^cwaayiy iais Be- 
xap; "t^yTe n i^pne npyre xyiwaHe ce na KHiuy; jKyxe 
H BaxpeHO-i^pseHe npyre. ie/\Ha nope/i ^^pyre, siiaMe. 
^a Ke ce nai^a^e aa 2 ^ana HaneHyxH apente. o^ kh- 
iiiOBHxor ua cyuTHO hah o6paxHO. Ka^ ce o6.iaqH Kao 
Baxpa sKyxe h.ih i^paeHe y BH/^y iipvoBa o^ cxeiia, 
xBp/^Hii>a, BHcoRMx CperoBd, xopoiba h x. ^ . na ce y 
ae^e o^ sana^a'^ npema iyry Hoce ; cMaxpaiy ce Kao 
3Hai)H oayie. Ka^ ce pymea 3ope y pyHtHMHO-pyMenHw 
HAH SejiHM npyrama npe cynqa, y y.iKHM cBO/^oBHMa, 
BHcoKO Ha BH^e^y (?LopHaoHxy) noBJiase^ xo npe/^- 
CKaayie y aero oayiy. Ka^ ce iyxpen»a pymeH npn 



tea 



iuiH ao HaaaidKy oyHi^ upejHea y aarociiTo i^p^ 
Bene, Mpise, i^pue, h^h CHraee npyre, na ce nainocae 
uiHpH Kao cacBiiM aKyxa h^h ae^eHKacTa aaueca: Ha- 
craie miiiia oShmho seh a^ 9 caxara npe. no^ne. — 
Ho CBH TH aiiai^H Mory ce mefiOM serpa paHHie h*ih 
noauHie uaMeiiyTH. — Ka/^ y^ajbeim npe^ueTii , oco- 
Smth naauHHe H3rae/^aiy 5*tH3Ke h HeofiH^HO ce iaciio 

BHA^ • ^Hhe CKOpO KHUie. uapOSMTO dKO lOUI H lyHCflH 

Bexap o^noMHibe ^yBarH. — . Ka^ ce dyan yi^aaice 
no no^ue h^h npe^ se^ie : ra^e ce wecTO khiuobhto 
Bpenie Meii»a na 6ojhe . qcoChto ano aana/^im serap 
npe.iaaH y cesepaH. yuaime-AH ce ^yra y iyxpy hjih 
npe no^He : OH/^a na^a kmiub o5hhho ioui kctof ^a* 
Ha. To ce rywaHH oBauo : y EsponH ^oiioce nnuiy 
aana^iiH serpoBH; ho Be«jepH*a ^yrsk yicaayie ce na 
HCTony 'na^a ie na aana/^y se^po, h Taxo ohb He^aie 
Hsrae^a 3a KHiuy; a iyxpeiiia ^yra onasna ce cajuo 
Ka^ HMa of .laKa na aana^y j h tbiso ie ohb 3HaK /^a 
Ke 6hth KHiiie. 

§. 128. 

H noinee sodene nape u theuux ra^oea c^iynse i«ao 
3Haij^H no HoitiMa ce speMe npe^CKaayie. Ka^ ce 
onaan , ^a ce uaiaeibe , c6, rBOHsb^ h t. n. aHoin f^a 
ce BO^^ena napa na hihx ra.ioacH): OH^a ie to 3Hai;, 
^a ie y saa^yxy mhofo Baare h /^a cKopo Monse 6hth 
iSHuie. To HCTO 3Ha4u , H Ka/\ 6ape, Kaji. rpy.iehe 
cTBapH, byCpe > iipoxo^H iane cmp^e nero oSiimho. 
ua^ Baxpa Meuihe npacna^ H.Ka4 <"^ ^a KaKdB iiiyM, 
H. np. raac aaona^ B€}6op Bo^e h pana 2KHBOTiiii>e, 
Hyie iaciiHie h isflj^e^ Hero o6mhho. — Kafl ce na pba- 
BOM BpeweHy yicance jnaejia^ o5iimmo ce speme Ma.ien- 
ujBBa* Taiso hcto marjie Koie ce hhcko Hoce h na^ 
^oaHHanta lunpe. h napo^HTO aKO ce one na acMjby 
ciewy, ^OHOce aeno apenie. Aan na^ iwaraa na aenoni 
speMCHy na/^He. na ce wao o6.iaK y bhc neH>e: Cahe 



KHifie. Ka^ ce oko saceCHHx bmcokhx 0p^a roiHHjiaiy 
Mar«ia H oC^ai^H, a He6o ie HHai<e ioiii se^po: Cnhe 
cKopo KHiiie. TaKo hcto iSnhe KHuie, h Ka^ oiB h 6p^a 
H uiywe nyme. — laica poca iia Be^poM BpemeHy, 
3Ha'JH ^a he ce .leno Bpeme npo^ymuTH ; neMa-jiH 
poce, H HHie-^H nohy aa^HHie , hah na^He-aif uf^e ca 
Mar.ioM : oii/^a ie to 3HdK /^a he HacTaxH Myrno , kh- 
iiiOBHTO H Hen/^paBo BpeiMe. — Ka/^ ce yname c^Uan 
Koiw nocTaie cee Beiiu; Man Ka/^ ce na BHCHiin yi«aace 
oSaaK Kao HCKa raHKa aaseca, Kp03 Koiy ce cyni^e 
BH^H, a /^oae ce noKa3»ie y hcto Bpeivie ^e^jLH o6jiaic; 
i«a^ c« iwajiH oi«pyr.iacTH o6.iai](H y Bene o/\ aana^a 
HCTOKy, a y iyTpy o/^ HctoKa 3ana/^y noce, hjih Kao 
uiTO ce y oChhhom roBopy Bean, Ka^?^ OBiap r^pne 
>Ke^fie OBi^e fohh ; iiainoc.ie Ka/^ ce iyTpom h Bene- 
pOM HCKpesaHH o5*iaL^H o 6peroBe ^eiuy: cBe ie to 
SHdR ^a he cKopo icHuie 6hth. C APy^^ CTpane na- 
CTaie 6p30 Be^po Bpenie * na/^ ce rycTH o6.iaqH paa- 
Haa3e y TaHKe ofiaaMBhe. yifiajKy-^H ce chtwh (nep- 
iaBM) o6.iaHiihH y cacBMM Be^po Bpenie : snau ie , /^a 
he ce Bpe:\ie npoMenyTiii. IlpaBe-JiH ce nepiaBH o5aa 
MHhH caMO y iiesfiaTHoi ivieptf, h iecy-.iH oim 3a ce6e 
o^ejbCHH : OH^a hx oChhiio 6p30 oncT HeCTaie h jieno 
BpeMe ioiii /^yro Tpaie. Ako-^h cy ohh Maii>e 3a ceCe 
o^ejLewH H aico nocTaiy cBe BehK h TaBrrniif: ohh ce 
Ta^a MHHte cnyuiTaiy m oShhho icy siiau pbasor Bpe- 
Mena OiiasH-jiH ce na se^poivt Bpeivfeiiy ca pacTyhow 
TonjiOTOM /^awa , /^a n3THxa nocTaiy /^eCe^H oCaat^H, 
noHaiBHiLie 6eAH h ca iacHHM icpaieBHMa, /^a hx no 
no/^He caMO niaao HMa , aak ce npe/\ sese oneT ywa- 
3yiy ' OH^a ce to civtarpa Kao 3HaK ^yroTpalne Be- 
;\pHHe. rioKaMty-jiH ce j^e^eAH o5aar^H Beh noc.ie ne- 
KO.IHKO caxaTa no H3.ia3Ky cyiina y 3HaTHHioi roiwH- 
•iH , Koia no no;^ne nocTaie ioui Beha h cbc Beha, 
HMaiy-jiH OHH Mpisy fioiy, Koia ce na upHo-CHBy npe- 
^HBa ; H cnoiasaiy-JiH ce ohh y BejiHKH jie^HiteH 



MO 

otijratt : ou^a ie aiiaH , ^^ ^® (imm B.iaiKHHK raaora 
Ma aTMOC*qpe; secro y tom cjiynaiy ((Haa h ojyia 
ca RHiuoM' yKaiKy*.AH ce ii»cjiaraHH ofi/iai^H xao 
ittsirjie 5 Koie y /^o^HJiama AJ^Ke aaocraiy , ^ORjie 
cy GperoAH mhcth o^ ^hx , c«ie»yMH ce ohh Ma^o^ 
no-MdiSO nao Mar^e ^OAe, k nocraie-JiH npa mixobom 
paawaaaeifcy cawrxi- HeKojiHRo rycTHx saoeCnHx o63aRa, 
a speme ie HHa^e s^^po: to ie oCh^ho aaan ^yrO'* 
Tpainor jienor speweua. Ajh ie H3r««e/^ aa iMfiiiy, hb^ 
KACJiaraHK o6jiai^M iipejiaae y ryuifee o6«iaKe, KoUf'ce 
BKfue iiiHpe H yie/iNftasaiy. Ka/^ ce nepiaBO^Hacaara- 
HHM o6jiai^»!iia BejiHKH ^eo iieCa hah cbo neCo aa* 
crpe : CuKe KHiue , a y Tonania apeMe h ojiyie. A « 
na^ ce rycTH o6jiaf|H nao Kyjie HaroatiiAaBaiy : 6MBa 
nonaiBiime icHiue, ho rex oocjie 2-^3 ^ana. Ka^ ce va- 
KBii ofijiar^M y Aero npjio 6p30 r cse bhiu^ roMHaaiy, 
H ocoChto kb^ ohh y Berpy nocvany na ce Berap 
cTnuia : aiiBR ie ^a he cRopo Rsiue 6mTm. yofiiure, 
Harjie^ ^a Ke ioiii rpaiarH hjim Jie cRopo npecTBTM 
^yrotpaina rhiub ^ ocHuiia ce irartiaBHTO na Ae&bHHM 
H rycTHMH oS^BKa. IIIto ie pe^H ■ TdbH o6.«aR cae. 
ie MaH»e Mar^e^a aa Hiuuy a bhiii^ iiarwieAa aa no- 
jtenmaifee Bpew ena ; iiito ie ryinfeH h ^e6jbH o^jibk 
CB6 ie BHuie' iiaryieAa.^a amjiy. — Ka^ ce otfaa^fi 
nocjie RHiiie cnycTe 6aH3y aenube: uacTJalie Jieno 
Bpeue. — tyrpeiBa uum^ oChhho neTpaie Af^^ 9 i^P 
ce o6A2i^n ^a^y Hemro amaniHioii to]ia0tom, aeuiTo 
BerpoM paaCaiaiy. BenepAe RHiue rpaiy o6M*ivo Ay* 
ro, iep ce HohHHM paajia^RBaoieM noAnoMdive tmo- 
Hceii>e BTMOc^epcne nape. -^ Mpa3 Roin ^oh^ ca ce-* 
Bepo*HCTOHRRM BeTpoM TpBie o6hhho ^yro H nocTaie 
Bp<«o iaK. 

§.120. 

IIo pacTurhff, Rao h no ^duMa % aftneoTtmu ra- 
Kobe ce npe^CKaayie Bpeiwe. Ka^ doeen upepacrm 



LM 



AHiiihe paaaifie, cmaTpa ce ^a he jieTo iMaacHO 6hth ; 
a Ka^ pacT npe iaceua ^ncra , fiaiia o6mH9io cyuiHO 
•leTO. K»A 6oia io^oenne nar^e^a CBeT.iHia uero o- 
6V1HO CuKe jid^Moha h upas: a na/^ ie owei raiMiHia, finhe 
iyrasHHa. Ka/^ 6pe3a iaKO MHpHiue , fiuhe KHuie. — 
llpe^ o^yiy vbjr^ o6hhho ocebaiy ueoCaHuy aaoapy. 
cyjuopHH cy ii aoMHH. Ilpe^ Meuy BpeweHa ocehaee 
604 y crapHM m aepaeaiiM panai^a. Ilpe^ KHiuy yo6* 
Hire npe^ ra^oaKeAe B«iare h3 aT»0€«epe cspiSe »y- 
jbesH, H OHM KOiH HMaiy Co^y y 3rjaai|HMa HexiOBOjiJio 
ee ocehaiy. — iKueorum^m ioiii Bituie h wHoro Hspaiuiie 
oceha meiiy BpeneHa. Ka^ itTifi^e , * Koie ce npeee^a- 
aaiy na ;^a;«>HHx npe^e^va, poHo ^ojietiy : 3»a^H, ^h he 
iipo«ieKe pBHO MacraTM h Aeito Chth. Ka^ ciiTHe £^y0e 
(HMceKTH), Myae , oSa^M , Koxapi^H h t. 4. Mupyiy o/| 
ocraae mnfiovHH^e a o^ AyA" ? "a^ TNi^e neaoiKe pa* 
A«^RO i^Bpicyhy N neBaiy, Ka^ c^asyi fieMeii>a< BpeMe 
MM raac neBa»a ; um^ cra^ osai^ liapuo xo^e apa 
yxepHBaffcy a HCTepHsaiby y craii. it Hefo/^y ce ; aa^ 
6apcue 11 BO^Me nvHife Heuajaae nao o6hhho hs 6apa, 
iiiauia H rpcite. kba ce one Be^yiy kbo o6H*fNo, bhtm 
ce y BO^y ribype k na BO^y ii^«a*iy ; na^ Miese bh- 
eoKO, nsejie ^slabho^ a A^BJi^e rycxe, po^e h «Apa*tii 
y pe^y Aere ; kb^ ce y Maiy, JyHHiy , Jy^Hiy m Ab- 
rycry nyie ie^Haiu) ^yiane. KdKBe Mj'iie HeKCMMKO 
CTona Ha^ aewjbOM : cae ie to SHaa ^ynyrpaino Ae<- 
nor BpemeHa. Ka^ iiTHiie <{eraiy na^ npoBoae k y o« 
CHTdJiHuiTa, Ka^ ce Bpa«e y cejiy yBaacy : anais ie 
ojiyie. Knuie he 6mth : wa^ 6y6e, h, np. Kouapqu *ieTe 
no HaiHHSKHM cjioieBHMa Baa^yxa Kao cysAHM h to- 
n«iiiiHM, na ce h fiacre, Koi^ ce pa»e thm 6y6aMa, 3a 
OBHiua iiHCKo cnyiiiraiy , rauo ^a na^ ASTe aa^ bo<- 
AOM. one KpaieBiiiua cboIhx Kpiiaa j\,o^Hpyiy noBpiiiHie 
BO^e; A^jbe, na/^ ce spaue y iaxaMa no no^y pe^aiy 
K «AyTaiy, Ka^ ce fiapcue m BO^He nxHi^e Ha caoCo^He 
BO^e y roMBjiania cKyn^baiy, Ka^ one hhcuq Aere^ ne* 



17* 



CTO ce y BO/^y rH>ype , ita^ ce h>hxob r^c BHiue h 
iaw iiero iiHa«ie nyie ; Ka/^ ce yofluite nrHiiie necTo 
Mynaiy hah no neeisy h npaiUHNH jienpinaly ; Ka^ 
MpasH xHTifo TdMo H awo Tp«fe; tta^ nneAe oco(Shto 
npu^etKHo H fi,o camor ee^epa pa^e h o^ cnoinx koiii- 
HH^Si ^aACKo HeH^y ; rsa^ ce npn cpa^KBaifcy seujbe 
iiHiore rjiHcre yuaayiy : Ka/( cK^KaBi^if h aetfe necTo 
x^Bpifiyfiy H nesaiy 5 hb^ e^asyi «Boiy oSn^ny neciwy 
HSOCTaBjba na BHiue Tyxsno 3Bii3K^yKa j isa^ RyKaBki^a 
6,«H»y KyKe icyRa ; ua^ KpfHffa ^eiuKe nero oChhho Ha 
craay y^apa ; na/^ ce '^erjiefca cToka y pa/^ff»if .laicuie 
f[ BHiue 3HoiH «ero 061IH110 ; Ra^ roBe^a raasy neuihe 
no^HiRy M B03/^yx ibyiue , ii Ka^ ce oiia ca HeofiirH' 
HOM puKOfti ca nonaure Bpahaiy; Ka^ OBqe rreMRpniiie 
nocraiy ; ica^ marapai^ yiiiMMa MHoro pasiuaxyie ; Ka^ 
CBuiba iaKO pHie h cjiaiMy h ceNo pactypyie ;»Ka/^ nac 
TpaBy nace, h Ka/^ ce ojieibif m necTO y aemjby rpetfe 
H Kona ; na^'^ ce MaM«e RHiue uero aGn^no AH^y h 
r^a^e („y]iiHBaiy**) 5 n^^ niimeBH neiiiJie i;HMe ; Ka/^ 
nerjiH o^ma no saxony cyHi^a noiy (nyKypeMy) ; wa/^ 
KOKOuiRe HeMHpHO opamwify pacneiipKaBaiy^ ua^ tiaTKe 
II rycKe aexe ca Heo(J«MHOiif RpeKOM y BO^y ; na^ ce 
ro.iyfioBif MecT© Kynaiy h nmoro nodiiHie y iaTHina 
narpar v^ojiehy ; Ka^ xnne neBOiKe fcyre ir aeibHse cy ; 
isa^ raBpaiiH rany^ BpaHe ispeiteKy h MopcKe rokouih 
Rpese BHuie iiero oCicmho ; Ra/^ ce rjiac o;^ coByjbare 
H naytia Hofey Bp.io mccto ^yie ; Ra^ as^pajiH h /^h- 
ftjbe rycRe sp^^o pactypeHO no aaa^yxy .lere ; Ra^ 
SKa6e Meuike RpeRe!iy ; Ka/^ pnCe nAuhe y bo^h njiose, 
H Hecro Ha BO^y HCRany ; Ra^ r,iBc^^e Memfee Hero 
o6hhho Hft BH/^ejio HS.iaae; ica;\ Mpasit cBoia iaii^a h 
naype Meiute Hocaiy ; kb^ Myae , ROuapi^H h ^fyve 
CHTHe 6y6e iaRO Rojby ; Ra<?^ paqH Memhe h3 Bo^e ii3- 
.lase. — A^R Hainoynf/^aHiiie npe^CKasyiy Bpeme oae 
atHBOTHi^e : 



178 

1) HuiaMt^e ttoie ce APnce y CTdK^y. Ha Be/ipom 
H aenoM epemeHj nHlasiu^e ce yvoType h ^ewe MHpHO 
Ha /^Hy cxaKJia. Ka^ KHiiia na/^a , one acnyae Ha Bpx 
CTaK«ia, H Ty ocraiy ^OK4e ' Bpema neiiocTaue CTajiiio. 
Ilpe^ Berap nmaBH^^e ce ca ocoGhtom GpaHHonc no 
BO^H BHTaaiy , h pe^KO ce yMHpe ^^^OKae Berap ne- 
^yne. Hp^A o^iyiy , rpiujbaBiiHy hah KHiuy, nHiaBviie 
H3MHjie H3 BO/^e HeuojiHKo ^aua ynanpe^ m rpneBHTO 
ce npeBuiaiy. Ka^ ie Mpas, one Kao h na jienoM «ieT- 
ibem Bpemeuy «ieaKe MupHO Ha A"y ? ^a^ i^ cuer, oue 
ce 6aBe Ha apxy cxaKJia Kao H.Ka^ ie KHuia. 

Z) nneju:, Ka^ ua a^nOM Bpemeuy n*ie««e sSyffceHO 
H ayraiyhH aexe , Kao ^a nemory ;^a noxpeBe oxBop 
Kpo3 Koiu H3 KOLUHHi^e H3jiehy u ouex Haxpar y«ieky: 
6Hhe KHiiie sa 24 caxaxa. Ako ie Ma.io nse^ia ^ isoie 
xano 36yii>eHO aexe : naiiia he 6p3o npohH ; HMa aH 
ax Buiiie: KHuia.he ^y^^^ xpaiaxH; (^oi^naiy-aii H^e- 
py-jiH KOiuHHi^y nneae , o6aexaiy-4H one cxpaiu;bHBO 
OKo KOijiHHLie npe nero luxo yaere: 3HaK ie j\9^ he 
BwiamHo epeftie Ayi*<> xpaiaxH. Ka;^ n4ejie aeofiHHHO 
pano y aeno apeiiie noBOJby CBoie xpyxoBe (MyauaKe) : 
xo ie 3HaK aeaHKe h ^roxpaiue BJiare. 

3) Ppeeu. Qea pii6a nna ia^a nepaia na aebuMa. 
y XHM nepaiaua uaaaaH ce cBar^a no3HO y ieceu 
ie^Ha npna Cejiera (^aena), Roia y xenaiy BpeweHa 
wetta CBoie mecxo, ueHa^ ie pcxpar y nepainwa npema 
peny, neua^ nanpe^ npenia raaaH^ nena^ y cpe^HUH. 
Ka^ ie xa 6eaera ocxpar , 3HaK ie ^a he 6hxh 6aara 
3Hiiia : Ka;^ ie ohb aanpe^ , SHhe mecxoKa 3Hiiia ; u Ka^ 
ie OHa BHiue y cpe^H , 3HMa ie o6hmho npoMeibHaa. 

4) llayK. lllxo pauuie iiayn CBoiy nayiHHy na- 
nojby npaBH, xhm panHie nacxaie aeno Bpeme , oco- 
6hxo rca^ oh uinpHny ii>eHy npeMa cesepy ujin 3anaAy 
Hcnpe/^a. Ka^ nayic xHxa h ype^no nayMBny Hcnpe^a: 
xo ie 3HaK /^yroxpainor aenor BpeMena ; Ka/v oh no- 
Kasyie neny HXH.y h ceoiy pa^H>y xauo pehn cmoxaaa : 



ITS 

3HaM ie ^d Jieno speMe Hfefce Ayro Tpaiarn. Ka^ nayK 
6jmmAfHBO cBoiy naysHHy mhctm : Gnhe cvbo , tiixo, 
Bpeivie H aanapa ; a.iH ica^ oh Bnme HCHi^a ys^iaMH. 
Kao Aft 6h npOBeiasao naysHHy: iJMhe nexpa , h to 
iom HCTOF ^Siua , aito nayn htiio paAif. Mnpyie-aii 
nayK y cpeA^HH cBoie Mpeme ca CK^^njbeiiifM Horama: 
3HaK ie, j\Sk he jieno spene aX^^ TpaiaxH ; ocTaie-^ii 
OH rauo H KaA KHiiia naAne : anaic ie a^ ^^ ^^ Bpeme 
oner 6p3o HSseApHTH. Ako an nayn HeApxm Hore 
cKyn^bene 5 Beh iipyH«eHe Kao a^ ^^ CKaKaxH: Cnhe 
npnneKe h oayie , aan aaKpaxKo. OcraBH^jiH nayK 
lUHpnMy nay»iHHe h cMecTif-.iif ce y HaRBOM yray rjias- 
iHfx sKMi^a, If aifio ie naysMHa paape^eHa k nonerAe 
pasApxa : fiuKe ojyie ca mecroKOM KHinon. BpaxH-aH 
oe nayK oner a^ onpasAa cBoiy nay inay : anax ie 
Aa he 6mth iinue BeApwx '^ana. Paseinnthe-AU nayK 
BHuie NipeHca y neKoui OAcroiaifcy ieAMe oa APy^^? ^ 
y paBHHM npaBi^HMa : TdA^ ee no npemeiiiTaifey nayxa 
Ma ieAHe Mpenie y Apy^y Mowe npeACKasaru OAKyA 
he KaKBO Bpeme nacTaTH. —* KaA co6fhu nnyu y sumy 
cBoiy nayHHuy oner Ha crapOM meivry HcnpeAa : ne- 
MOiKe ce OMeKUBaTH BHuie 6aaro Bpeme. Pa3anHffi>e«.i« 
OH CBoiy nay«iH«y HOAaaeKO oa nehu : finhe ioui iaxe 
SHMe ; ynyxH-iiH ce oh npena npoaopy : Gnhe iyro«> 
BHHe. Ako ce oh noano y iecen y CBoioi nay«iHHH 
oKpene iyry : .laARoha he ioni rpaiaxH. HecTaHe-jiH 
Hanpe^ai^ mui^a, Koie cy npeA npasoM ctamhi^om H»e- 
roBOM HSMpemaHe : uacxahe cKopo Jieno Bpeme. O- 
Kpeue-an nayK y caoioi CTaHiti|H raasy uanoAe : sHaic 
ie A^ i^ pbdBO apeme ioui Aaaeso, m thm A^jbe, tuTO 
ie BH&ue Hanoa>y nayxoaa r^aBd. Ako-^h ce nayK y 
cBoiy cTaHUHH yuyxpa oKpeuyo, a HeTpoiuH HHKaKas 
njbCH : aiihe KHUie h cyposux jibahmx v^^Ha. TaKo «cto 
6Mhe KMuie : a koa ce naaaae MHore myae noxsaxane 
H cnpeMAieue 3a GyAyhH noxpoiuaK , a.m cy iom He* 
naiexe. 



174 

5) SeAtHo; a$ca6utia^ Ka^ ce Apw« y "O^m y craB^iy, 
y KOMe ce na.iaae Ma.ie ^paeHe .leoTBHi^e. Ilpe^^ ^eno 
Bpeme ^ iKaSHi^a ce neibe bhcoko ya niep^esHHe : a 
npe/^ KHuiy h y Bpeme Kiiuie oaa ce (Sa«H y bo^h h 
Hejiihe KpeKehe. — 

§.130. 

Hnia H eemra^Mua; epederaea , aa npe^cKasHBaifce 
BpeiieHa^ raKOiiaaB. 6apocKona, H. np. ysme ce 6 Ta* 
•loaa KaMf^opa^ 1 raji utaAurpe a 1 raa nutuadepn^ m 
cBe ce TO y uuiupHry pacnoiif , na on^a ce thm pa" 
cnoioM KaKBO CTaic^eHi^e ca yaanHM rpjiBhem Manyuif, 
fiaiH fifi caMor rp«iHka. 3aTHM ce to cTauao aa^eiiM h 
saneMaTH Taxo, ^a saa^yx HeMO»e yuyTpa nposeia- 
BBTH, na ce o5ecH m ocTaaw ua c.ioCo^hom Boa^^yxy, 
IIIto ie 6H€TpHiH pacnoi y tom cTaK.iy , tiim ie Be- 
^PhIh Baa^yx. UIto ce Buiue h ie^Ha^iHie ynpHcraviH* 
caaa oh na ^Hy cTaK.«a : thm he Beha .la^noha 6iith. 
Ka^ ce neH>y h rope Beinaiy SKHi^e y pacnoiy: 5R!ie 
BeTpa y ropibiiM npe^e«iHMa aas^yxa. CHTHe 6otfHi^e 
no- pacnoiy : npe^cnaayiy KHuiy^ marjiy h^h CHer. Ako 
ie pacnoi MyTaH u ca aaea/iRi^aMa HsiuapaH: 6friie oayie 
H luTO ^yme inyTHoha tpaie thm he paHuie HacraTH 
TO Bpene. Bejinne no pacnoiy 'n^iosehe tKHaHi^e npe^^ 
cKaayiy o€aa*iKHy. Ka^ ce y 3HMy npH cyirsaHoi cbct- 
•locTH noieasyiy 3B<$9^e y cTauay : 6Hhe cwera. Ka^ 
craK.io cacBHM cioSo^ho cToin, na ce nonasKy ReHcae 
H ^yryjbacTe KpHcra.iHe ro.MHaHi^e, Kao o6aaHnhH : 
anaK ie ^a he 6hth Berpa oia, one crpane . na Koioi 
ce to yitaayie. Hia aenow Bpeweny tcmhoct ie CncTpa, 
Ha pbaBOM BpeweHy MyTH ce ona, iia wyTHOW BpeweMy 
OHB ce yroMR^iasa, a ha iaKOM mpaay cie^aaa ce oHa 
Ha noBpuiHiy. — H KnceAO MJietio ciyusH Kao 6apo- 
cKOn. 3a Ty qe.i oho ce ^^pmit y aoHu^y, h.ih y ;^pyro!ii 
cy^^y 04 aeMJbe. IUto ce 6e./be h MacHHie crpyuia.io 



175 



MJieKo ropte ap«h.: rmu le craaHHie BpeMe; o^nosHe^jiH 
OHO Aoae cieraTH ce a cypyrna rope H3»iaaHTH : CirJie 
HHuie. IIIto re BHUie cypyTKa na/^ maeKOM paaaHsa, 
THM he BHuie KHiiie 6hth h Ayme he ona rpaiaTH, n o* 
6paTNo. — 

§. ISl. 

ffpedcKosu^aHe epejtena no 6apoMerpy (raKoHe 
BeuiTft'iHOM cpe^cTBy). Ka^ JKHBa y ffapoMerapcKoi 
i^eBH iiaiMO pacTii Han na^a : npoMeHyhe ce apeMe 
6p30 , aan ae aa ^yro ; pacTe-aa aaH na^a^aa 
oaa H3THxa : Bpeiwe he ce npoMeayTH ^oi^Nnie aaa 
^^yrorpaiao. Ka^ ce acaaa y na^^aiby aaa pacretty Ro- 
ae6a h Cpao Meiba : to ie aaaa npoMeii>HBor Bpemeaa. 
HEuBa y Capomerpy croiit bhcoro no npaBaay : aa^^ 
ie apeme se^po a craano. aa^ Ay^ft hctor aaa eese* 
poHCTOK (aerap) , ua^ ie aa/^aoha a mpaa , a nocve 
BeaaHHX Sypaax Berpoaa. Oaa croia aacKO noaaiamne 
na^ ie tbxo Bpeiae a aa^ ce oao aauui aaoaa , .aa^i 
^yaa acecroK serap h 5e3 RHuie , a aa^ Ay^^Xy iyr 
a iyraana^. Haiaehe pasaaae y Baeaaa CapoiweTap- 
cae acaae noaaayiy ce iipena noaycama, a aaiaeaaar- 
aaie fiaiiay paBaaTejba, r^e ie ra sacaaa eaopo ae- 
upomeAHaa ; na oa^a , aehe cy paaaaae y cnoweay- 
Toi aacaau (y cTa»y Caponferpa) aa^ ie ae^po a na^^ 
^ysaiy ceaepaa aerpoaa, a Maa»e aa^ ie Myrao a aa^ 
;^yBaiy iyama aerpoBa ; aainocae oae cy aehe y aamy 
a MaB>e y aero. Haiaetioya^auaia cy 3tfai\H 6apoMe- 
Tpa y Bpeme aaie^aaMefba ^aaa a aoha y iipoaehe a 
y ie( ea. Pacrette a na/^atbe acase y (fapoMerpy Moa<e 
ce caecTM aa oaa acaycraa : Pacre^e ataae aaaii ie 
yotfuire aenor, ae^por a cyaor BpeiNeaa. Aao acaaa 
y iyTpy y 9 caxara croia aaiBaiiie, oao no^ae aeuixo 
na^a, a yse^ie oneT croia nao a y iyrpy : saaa ie 
^a he aeno apeue aa^rraTa a /^yro rpaiara. Aao o^^nrai 
saM ce maaa o^nonae nea>aTa, aacraae aeno apeMe: 



176 



oue HeKe Ay^^ rpaiaxK. Ka^ MtnBd ueRojii^rRo ^aua 
HeopecTaHo pacTK5 na Tew noe.ie 2 m^h 3 /^aHa (no- 
utit) ie o^no4e^o pacxeibe muse) fiacraife jieiio speMe i 
OHO fee Ay*'^ TpaiaTH. Ka^ Ha p!>aBOM Bpenfeiiy n^Hsa 
iaifio II BHcoKO paCTH H TO fia Z — 3 /^aiia npe nero uito 
ce H3Be^pH: 3naK ie ^yroTpainor jieiior BpeMeiia. Ka/^ 
HmBa noc.ie KMiiie Bp^o Harjio pacxn : Ciifee 3a HeKo- 
•lAKO ^ana ioui BUiiie rcHiiie, uaMOHHTo Ka^ Ay^a iyr. 
Ako vocAe MHore KHJiie aiiiBa canio naao h ii3Hxa^ 
pacTH : MOHte ce ua^aTH aenoiH speMeHy^ na ma h iyr 
^yaao. Ka/i no npecxaHKy Kinite h noiuTO ce hsbb* 
/^pu, aiHsa pacTH , a Bexap ce BHiue cesepy o6pfee: 
Mome ce ^ocxa noy3/^a«o .o*fei£HBaTu jieno BpeM<$, 
Ka/\ Ha *ienoM speMeHy h nope^ cesepHor Bexpa sRHsa 
BHCOKO CToiH H uenpecxaHo pacxH : xa^a iie^e 6hxh 
HHiue npe. Hero inxo ce Bcxap onex iyry ofipne. 3a 
iyrOBOM khujom pe/^KO uacxaie cxaauo .leno spem^ 
npe^ Hero uixo sKMBa bhcoko pacxM h B«xap npeRO 
sana/^a ceeepy npe^. Ako ce sa speiite kmiuc sexap 
t>A i^yra sana^y h^h oesepy oSpfee , a xcHsa nao o- 
6h4mo pacxHTM o^nosHffce : KHuia fee cKOpo npecraxH. 
Ka^ y 3UMy muBa pacxn : pacxnfee li .la/^Hofea. Ka/^ no- 
peA Ay'^^^'i^P^^Hor Mpasa muaa pacxH : na/^afee cner. 
Ka^ y Mapxy Hcuaa Heo5H4HO bhcoko pacxH : ^HBa o- 
6inHHo cyiuHo .lexo, hjih 6ap cyuiHO npo,»efee. -— /y«- 
daf^e 6apoMexapcKe muae yo5uiTe, 3HaK ie MyxRor, 
B«iaJKHor H 6ypHor BpemeHa. Ka^ SKHsa ^^tby pacxH, 
a Hofey u iyxpoM na^a : Sufee npOiueifeHBO BpeMe. Ako 
o^Ma HHM o^noHue mHsa na^axH, Hacxaue KHuia : osa 
Hefee Ay^^ xpaiaxH. Ka^ KHuia HeKO»iuKO ^aua na/^a, 
na xeK noc»ie 2 h.ih 3 ^ana (nomro ie na^aibe o^* 
noMeao) HacxaHe KHuia : OBa he Ay^^^ xpaiaxn. Ka^ 
«a jienoM Bpemeuy HiHsa Bp.to hhcko cxoin h xaKo 
ocxane Z h.ih 3 Aana npe Kume : anaK ie /^a fee 6hxh 
iUHoro Baare h wccxokhx Bexposa. Ka^ y ^exo na 
3anapM mHBa 6p3o na^a^ a sexap ca iyra ^yBSL : 5Hfee 



177 

eifiopo rpwjbasHHe ca ifSypeM h khiuqm. Aico y 3HMy ua 
jia^Hohn »ABa imiaa: nacvaie o5iiffto tyroBHHa. Ka^ 
BoaiiQ y leoeH na De;^{N>M DpenreHy , nope^ tyacuor 
Berpa h y jra^^HO iyrpo SKMea na^a : fiahe cHopo Kiluie' 
H4M cHera. Ka^ Berap ynpaao o^ iyra ^yea , a sKMBa 
na^a : Cnhe KHiue. Kd^ nope^ ceBepuor Berpa aHHB$i 
na^a : Cnhe KHuie. Ka;^ ie y iyrpy He6o Bp*io i^poeHO, 
na OH^a ce naoCjiaHH h mHaa na/^a : CH^ie KHiue hjih 
CHera, MOHce Chth ioux hctof /^ana. Ka/^ ima koao oko 
Mecei^a a ncHBa na^a : dnhe KMiue njm ciiera. . Ks^ y 
Bpeme poce 6e3 KHUie 3khbs^ P^A^? ^ B^xlbp ee o/^ ce* 
Bepa Heiuto iyry ofiphe : 6m he B.iare h ToiiJie marjie. 
Ka;^ »€HBa laKO na/\a, a Heiiac.Taie pbaso speMe : mopa 
6hth /^a ie y to ^o6a iia ^pyrnm ^ocra y^a^beHHM 
mecTHMa pbaBO apeue. 

§. ise, 

npeACKanrfrBafi>e BpemeHa no Menu Mecet^a. Iloa- 
MBTO ie OAaBfit) , ^a ie mecei; yapoK o/^jiHsy m npH- 
jiHBy Mopa, K fla ce to noBpenteiio jbyjbj|ibe wopa y- 
npasjba no no;io»aiy mecei^a; r)iio ie Beke kb^ le 
Mecei; HOB H nyH HeroKS^ ie'Ha BH^eay rapsa h no- 
cjbe^fba seTBpT H^erosa , aehe kb^ ie iwectn 6aHHie 
aeMJBH, Heio Ka;\ ie oh ^a;be o^ ibe. Hoj /^a-.iH o^ 
MeHe Mecena it wewa apeMena aaBHcn raKo i«ao CTB^e 
«[opa : o TOMe ce iom paaUii^fHd cy^w. IlpfcaHato ie/ 
^a ce npHB^a^eiiif! o^ Meceu^a ^OTHne BTwoc^epe ae- 
MB^bCKe, aaM ie Td npHBaaneH^e apjio HeanaTHO, tbko 
^a ce OHO ^pyrHM iasHM npHBJiaMeH.HMa y aTMOc*epH 
ofiopo csar^a injTHpe. CBanotaKO ie uen^BecHOy ^Sk-AH 
H na.iHKO mena BpemeMa o/^ neee^a aaBHCn. MefeyrBM 
JeputeA ie nocraaiio oiia apaiB«.^a : lllro ce 6jMme 
OHO nOHoKM, H WTO ce ope noe^e ooHoha mecei; y cbo- 
ioi meNM, "lerBpTHMa Rnyvoi cwtjiocth ywpayie: rmi 

rjiacHHK XVII. 12 



17S 



.lemiie ie speMe y Jtero. IUto ie MeHa Meceti^a ^^j^9l 
•j- o^\ noHotiH M 6jHaKa hoaobhhh ^acia : timi ie rope 
speMe, To hoto BaanH h 3a an my, camo oe Ta/^a ioiu 
BHiue Ha3H Ha aerap. 



Hactaje-Ati 


.M^//^ 6uhe 


Bpejte 


M^eu,n 






uaJie^y 


y ^^ro 


y ^tiMf/ 


Z — 4 oaxara 
6^8 „ 


HpOlUefblTBO npOMeHlf.HBO 

nocie 




eeeepO'3aaad\ Ka^ AVBa r^«e- 




KliniOBIlTO, 


aKO pO'UCTOH; KH- 




^yaa/y^; 


lUOBHTO H CHe- 

MfiHO, KaA Ayaa 
jyeoaannd'y 


8—10 c. 




t> 


n 


10-12 ^ 




iieno ; 


ae/^po H Mpa3 ; 


18- 2 . 


fi 


« 


Mpaa, ocHM aKO 








^yBaJ[y^; 


«^ 4 . 


3 
. a- 


.la^^Ho ca KHfuoM ; 


CHewHO H (lypHo; 


4-6 „ 


KHUIOBHTO ; 


w 


6- 8 „ 




BerpOBHTO H KH- 
UIOBHTO ; 


6ypHo; 


8--10 „ 




iipoMea>HBO ; 


KHUIOBHTO Ka^ 

^yaa sanad j 


10-12 . 




HeCTO KHUIOBHTO ; 


oHeacHo, Ka/^ AJBa 






iyeosanadi aa^HO h 








aeTpOBHTO. 



HoKH Bopyly ^a Mena Merei^a tufta ffTUi^aia h ub 
pacTUfhe. y HOBHie ap^Me ^oisaayie ce, ^a ie vai yTiir- 
i^ai KOJiHKo HeH3Be(^au, tojihko rnope^aH. Mebyi'ffni 
onaasa ca oao: ^pBa Koia ce o6ope y Bpewe nynor 
Mecei^a , nyqaiy h rpy^ie Mfioro «^aKijie h yoSmte 



119 

Mdibe Bajbaiy aa y]ioTpeffjbe»e h rpaVevHuy , Hero 
;\pBa Koia ce o/^ceKy y APy*'^ BpeMena. -r- PacTHibe woie 
y He^ocTaTKy cBeT^ocTH ocxaire 6Ae/^o, nocT^ie na Me- 
ceHHHH oneT .le^eiio. — Bohne m n^io^OBH ca.'ipeBaiy 
pankie , aKO cy MeceMHHH H3aoM«eHH, — HsBecHO pa- 
CTHite yciiesa fiojbe Ka^ ce noceie y Bpenie pacreiba 
Mecei^a 5 iiero isa/^ ce noceie y speMe ona/\aii>a ae- 
roea. Tai:o cae iuto pacTH y bhc , y ae.ieii , .iHiiiJie 
H cxaCio, icao : ca^iara, nynyc 11 t. ^, eajba ceiaxH y 
BpeJ^te H3Mehy ito^or mecena h rtpne MerBpTii ; aKo- 
.iH ce TO ceie /^buae xpaie cxapn Mecen, iano lie 
xpyaHxii. Cfie mxo i^sexa^ Hao: KpHii^ pymy, Kapan^Hjb, 
aa.iy h ocxajio j^sehe , Bajba ceiaxH y speMje ii^Me^y 
npBe MexBpxM ii nyiiora wecena. Ta^a noceiaiio n^Behe 
HBexa iio3iiHie ii.iii ^ysKe. Cse iiixo iiocii ceiwe m 
n.iOA, uao: iapui^y niueimi^y, ie^aM, cohhbOj isouqnjby, 
H x.'^. Bajba ceiaxH ua^ iwecen ona/^a. CBe mxo y 
Kop^eH pfacTH, rtao: peiiy,^ potKBy, MpicBy, .lyifi h x. /^. 
aa^a ceiaxM y Bpeiwe Hantefey noojbe/\«.e sexBpxK h 
HOBor Mecei^a. Ka.iaM^i>eH>e ^pBeiia Bdjba jipe/^ysiiMdxrt 
cawo ica^ meren pacxH. KpacraBi^ff m .^ytJeHHf^e bko 
ce.ceiy Ka^ H^.Q^^ pfK"rH ^ ^yro i^aexaiy ^ daH Ma^o 
UAO^dL ^OHOoe. 

§. 13S. 

loui ocxaie. ^a cnoMeHeiMO 11 |ic>3HaxHi6 no#>cKO' 
npHBpe^iie nocaoBui\e , Koie ce o^Hor^ ua apein^^ ^a^ 
ocHHBaiy ce iia cbcxckhm HCKycxBHwa. Te cy: . 

1) Ko paHO ceie 5 Hwa Bpeiwe npe/^ co5om ; no 
no3no ceie, nma Bpewe 3a co(Jom. 

8) PaHO ceiwe pe/^KO OMaufa, a iiosno Hecxo. 

3) Ko ceie y 3Hwy pe/^BO a y ^exo rycxo , xai 
HexpeCa ^a noiunpyie cBoie mnxiiHue. 

12* 



180 

4) Ka^ HCRTO o BpaTO^ojHuiy caapeaa , HeTpetfa 

MTdTH Ca OaMMHUOM. 

5) Cei rpaiudR rsa^^ i^Beraiy ^HBjbe pysxe, oaac 
tta^\ 6jRBe i^Beraiy, le»iaiii Ka/^ pacr jiHcra. 

6) Ko ceie iendM m pam y ripaiiiHHy , OBac y- 
tf jaxo, niiieHifHy y 6yceH : xai he HMaxH cBera ^ocxa, 

7) HChto , Koie ie tuxo h noano caapesa^io^ h 

H««ie CIlOpO H TMXO. 

: 8) Eojbe ie neKO^HKO /v^ua npe, aero HeKO*iMKO 
^aaa nocae s^ibeTM. 

9) Kafl pa»€ y Maiy pe^RO CToiH^ 6«he CKyna. 

10) y n«ety pam He-rpnH AB^nohy. 

11) Ka^ 0peaa pece H3^a, apeme le ^a ce ie- 
MaM ceie. 

12) CHTHa npola HeMapH aa HHuiy ua^ Maca. 

13) BiifiOBOi aoaic, nacy^ty h Kyisypyay Huie ¥ii- 
Ka^ o^aeh toiuio (caMO na^ HRie cyma^ iepTonaoTa 
6e3 aAare Henomame). 

14) B^ara npa«H Tpasy. 

15) AnpNa Tp^Ua /^a^a^e Maiy no30B«rrry rpaae; 

16) BpeMe ce noanaie no Berpy, (oxan ^^ A^- 
xery, rocno^ap no cjiyrH). 

17) Cei o^ caera no^teuiro, iep cae nenpona^a 
y HCTO Bpeme. 

18) Ka^ i« y lawyapy wa^o so^e , CHhe mhofo 
BiiHa. Ka^ ie laiiyap rona^, Hen ie Bor MHaocTRB. 

19) CHia-^H cyiine na CpereaHie ; gnhe ^oCpa 
atexBa. Ka^ ie *e6pyap xona^, ycKpc ie jia^aH. 

20) Ako 3Hiiia ycxai^^ Heyie^e, oiuaHyKe panom. 

21) Mapxoaa npaiuHHa ^ohoch xpasy h jamhe. 
Mapx ApiHH n.iyr aa pynnqy; aaxaivi ^oaaaH AnpMji, 
Ha ra onex hb- cxpawy bcTaBJ>a. 

22) 3a cyniaii AnpM.i Heiviape cej^anH ; a jh anpa^- 



m 



CKa KHUia ifcHMa ie no soubH. Cb. 'fiypa^ h ftlapKo 
lecTO ce npoaae 

23) KaA Mai HHie hh Bp.io .la^^aH hu, «p4p aaa- 
maH, 6Hhe nyHH h mHTHui^e h no^pyiuH. 

24) Ceaepaiv (Berap) y lyHHiy cBeiasa »hto y 
seMJby. 

25) CyiuaH lyan hocm /^o6po bhho. 

26) Ako ie noMcraK Aarycxa Jen, CnKe mhofo h 
^oSpa BHHa. KaitaB ie Kpai Asrycra, TaKsa he rsa ie- 
ceH 6hth. 

27) CenTewfiapcKa KHuia ^o6pa ie aa yceae h 
aoay. Ako nrHi^e hs cTpaunx .scMa^ia Heo^aexe npe 
]MHioj>a*4He: 3HMa he noana 5hth. 

28) K»^ 'ie MHoro Marae y Owroffpy, fiHhe mhofo 
cHera y 3H»iy. Ka^ aiiuiKe y OKToSpy nehe ^a o^na- 
^ne : ^Hhe H^yhe ro/^Hne mhofo ryceHHu^a a Maao Boha. 

29) FpniJbaBHHa y HoBaM6py SHdHu , ^a he Shth 
MHoro HCHTa. Ka^ ce o cb. Mparn cycKe no ae^y to- 
i^H^baiy, Mopaiy OHe o Comnhy no C.iaxy rasHTH. 

30) Beo 6oH€Hh, aejien ycispc. 3eaeH fioHCHh, 6eo 
ycKpc. 

31) Bor Te caiyBao se^^pa Boiimha. 

32) Bojbe ie BosKuh KyjKdH, nero iya«aH. 

33) 47"*^ iynce no BoHwhy nerej 
Hexaaaa tm kb^ 6y^e ^esere (He^e^ve). 

34) Ako aero He^a;\e, ieceH iicmb neca. 

35) Berap kba xohe /^a npecTane, oH^a BaisehMa 
Aynie. 

36) Ope/^ 3opy ce Mpaue. 

37) Fpa^ (ryia) ie kb' h BoicKa. 

38) HenocToiaH; kbo MapT mecei;. 



. 89) CaeTif •ly na^ cner aaxyKa. . • \ 

40) CeeTif Mpara, cner aa spara 

41) Cbcth ToMa repa n.^iaHHfiKe ^om. 

42) 3HMHoi Be/^pHHH H riexiboi oSaasHiiH Hnie Be- 
poBarif. 

43) Bpeme BpeMenoM Baj[>a ^a npo^e. 



HSPA^HO 

p»AOBHH HA»m cp6cjtor ^^pyiuTsa aa Hayit}', npiMp. 
npo^acop seiAMne uibovi« y BeorpaAy. 



KPATKff IIPENE4 XEr^OBE <»HJ[OCO«HJE. 



^anac ie aeh to nocrajo oniUTHM yeepeifceiii, ^a 
ce HH ie^ua Hayisa neMome o5pal^HBaTif Kao Hayica, 
aKo ce y iby Heyiieoe «mi#iooo*c!Kh e.ieMeKT, t. i. aKo 
ce nHcaii; iieyaBiicHHa ereneH oSuirev *H*ioco*HCKor 
npoMaTpaiba oiiora npe/^mera o icoivie nuiue. C rora 
ie ^aiiac «friMoco4>rKo o6pa30Baif>e nocxa^io iieo6xo/^HO 
caaKOM KiKuHteBiiiiKy , Koiii xohe ,7^a nocBerif ce6e 
o6pahHBaH>y Ma Koie HayKe. A.iii npii cBeu tom, iijto 
^e ^aHac Taico npH^nara norpefia *i!40co«i>iiie , HiiaK 
oua MMa CBoiii.v HpoTHsuHKa J icao uito hv ie ^yseu 
HMa.ia. Tana ie Mv^i^Ha cy^(5HHa re iiayice! Hiiie^^noM 
HayiiOM HHcy ce Jby^ii pa/^iiie 3aHHMa*tH , a webyTHM 
HH Ha ie^^Hy imcy BHiiie BHKa.iH Hero Ma *H.ioco*Hiy, 
Hapaeiio , ^a to oCa^Boie caynfiH caMo Ha «iacT Toi 
Hayi^H. Mh OB^^e Hefcewo, a HHie hh iiorpeCe , paa.ia- 
raxM MHiujbeH>e CBHiy npoTHBRHKa 4^H.fOco*Hie5 cawo 
hemo o6paTHTH nasKHiy na HOBHie. ^a ce bh/^w o^ wa- 
KBe cy Hay^ue Bpe^nocTH ibHxoBH pasjioSH. 

HeMH r^aHao nopH»iy *H;ioco*iiiy , nao HavKy, 
c TOM ne.ni . »uTO 3Hejie no/^Hliif- BaMSHOcr cTpyHHom 
BOH cnenHia.iMOJn 3Hau>y. Oh» MHc.ie ;^a ce ;^OT.ie He- 
MO»<e rO/^hKh BajKHOcT crpy^tBOM 3HaH>y, ^ok ce He- 
Bo6Hie sajKHOtrr oniuTeM «HiAOco«»cKOM anai^y. Orpa- 
HMseHOCT Tora MHiii^i>eH>a .laKo le ciiaaHTH h na npBR 
Hor.ie^ ; iep hhth cTpysHO anaibe caiio no ceCw, hhth 



184 



KPATKH nPErJIE^ 



«H«ioco«cKo caiuo no ce6H MO}Ke oScxaTH , hah 6ap 
HMaTii icaKBe iiavHHe Bpe^nocTH. IlpBo hcSh ce HHKa/\ 
Mor.ia y3BifciiTii iia cxeiieH iiayne 6e^ ^pyrora, a 
;\pyro oner ue6n HMa^io y ceSw iiHuita TewejbHor 6e3 
npBora. IIo Towe na^ ce no6fiia nasKHOCT ie/^Home. 
OH^a ce y hcto Bpeiwe nofiHia BamHOCT h /^pyrome. 
Ha«pa«i&o : unie/^iia ce ti^yfia He^eme JiopiiCTfirH ith- 
Me; luto he Caiara oSapaxH ^pyre iiayice ; lep CBaica 
HayKa o^^rosapa npasoi noTpeSn noBeica, a cBe cnyna 
ctyace no^.'^nyHOM pa.iBHTKy iberoBa ;iuiBOTa. 

^pyrH oner naiia^aiy Ha *iMoco4»Hiy y mmc v^a- 
Hauijfcer MaTepHia^HSMa , MNcjieliH ;^a ie marepuiaaii- 
3aM n^o^ caBpemeiior ycnexa iipHpo^nfix nayRft. Ko 
.laKo MHC»fH , Tai Hepaayiwe hm iiixa ie *i!aoco*i<u 
yonuixe, hh luxa ie MaTepHia.iH3aM aaceCHO, iep ma- 
xepHia»iH3aM HHie HHiiixa ^pyro, nero ie^aH mevo;^ n 
TO HiimH »ieTo^ caMe ^Haoco>Miie. Ilo xoMe ocyHn- 
BaxH *H^oco*Hiy yonuixe , a xaa^HTH ie^aii haikh 
Mexo^ ibCH. xo ie 6e3CMHC.«Hqa. Illxo ie v^aHac waxe- 
pHis^iif3a'M y4UHHO Heim ycnex , xo HesaBHCH HHMa^io 
o^ pa36HXKa npHpo/^HBx iiayKa , Beh xo ie cacB<^ '- 
cayMaiua cXBap. y ^^aHaiuibe ^o69i ^ ao6r 6op6e t' • » 
pMX H HOBHx Ha*ie,ia mffBoxa , os^a^ao ie ko;^ npu- 
cra^Hi^a cxapHx Ha'ieaa ««kh cxpax o^ mnBor xowa 
Vy^eie, na ce cxapaiy a^ cas ^pyuixBeHH hchbox craBe 
y 4>opMe mexauusMa ; iep hm ie ^anuie ii3ahH na Kpai 
ca MpxBiiM npoi^ecoM mexaHiiaMa, Hero ca xchbhm npo- 
i^ecoM MHcaH. Ila Kauo ie ko/^ xhx npucraaHL^a cxa- 
pHx Ha*ie.ia ioui totobo CBa MaxepniaviHa cnara y 
pynaMa, xo h MaxepHia<«H3aM , Kora cy ohh sacxyn- 
HHii^H, iioKa^o ie Hetui bphbh^^hh ycnex. A.ih ma Ra- 
KaB 6ho ycnex MaxepHia.iif8Ma, oh neMOMce cnpe»mxM 
. JKifBU xoit H^eie, hhxh Mox&e ^y^ oficxaxH ; iep per 
ay.trax tberOBor paasHTRa iecxe CKenrut^saM , roih 
nopHHe CBaRV naynyi 



XKTAOftE 4>MaO0€H^HlE. 



185 



. lia«ocjieA<<y rpehii iipa<Jai4yiy «H.ioco^HiH to, 
vVi tiKHa Hewa fiaiarH cboi^ npe/^iwera. ^Cne HayKe, 
aeae imih, HMsiy caoi npe^iiieT , a uito ie npe^MeT 
♦H«ioeo4>Hie?^ Taito necro miraiy iipoTifB»«mM *h- 
jioco<»Hie, Kao ^^apaaeHTais caecxH MoaeNariCKe HHie 
^ocToiaii npe^Mex iiayiie. Suaibe. hhIc HHiiira ;^pyro, 
aeh eaBaabHsaifce npoTHBHOCTH nsMehy npe/^meTa n 
«iHmA>eHba. To caeaaHnBaibe iecre npot^ec yma, a rai 
npoij^ee ywa ii iecre npe^^wer ^H-ioco^iiie, w-iii 6o;be 
pffKn cama «iMoco4*Hia. IIo TOme ko nopii'ie «mjio- 
co^Hiy, rai nopH*ie yii; ko ce o/^itaayie o^^ ^naoco- 
^Hie, rai ce o^Raayie o^ ywa. 

IIo OBome lUTO cmo ^ovb/\ icaaa^H , Mory neYi 
MnTaoi^n npecy^yiTH o^ KaKse. cy BamHocTit paaaoaH 
^^aHauiifciix npoTHBHHKa 4>if.ioco«]tHie. C rora ce mh 
aekemo BHiiie oko rora 6auHTii : camo Keiwo nanbwe- 
HyTH iouj TO, ^a ie ^aiiac cjneiuHO nopHi^aTH h nai- 
MaibH noias y aKMBory BacejteHe , a. Ramo-.iH ie^ny 
Hayny , Koia ie y«iHHHjia naiBehy yciyry paaBiirifiy 
HOBeuiTfia, pyiiieliH CTOjkerne npe^pary^e if Kp^eliH 
nyTCBBMa nay Kama. 

Hanocjie;|Hy 6uj^o icaxoMy ^paro, Teic CBaidf he 
npHSHaTM xy HCTHay, v^a ie^an aapo^, ano ^oHcra 
TesKH no/^nyHOM paailHTKy; rpeCa ^a noaaaie caspe- 
n^ffo CT»ibe cBHiy HsyKa ; iep cae Haywe, xeK y cnyny 
CBome iipe/^ci'aB4>aiy no^nyiiii h cBeexpatiH paasitxaK 
HOBeiiiTBa. rio Towe KO,iMKO Ie noxpeCHO iiapo^y ira- 
lueiH noaaaxH caBpemeiio cxaifee Aipyi^Hx uayica, xojtttKO 
My ie HCTo noxpeCHo • aiio ae BNiue, iioaHaxa h ca- 
bpeiieHo cxaAe «iMOco4>Hie. CaaHasaiyhM xy noxpetfy, 
MH i'Mo HayMnaif ^ npe^cxasHMo iiauieM MHxaiyheM 
cBexy peay^ixaxe, ^o teomx i& ^^biujia y aOBHie /^o6a 
'«>H,ioro4&CKa Hayua. C xow i^e.iu mm <5iiio npe csera 
o6paxH.iM nasKiby iia ^Haoco*Hiy Xer.ioay ; iep oaa 
ie Hai6ojbH npe^cxaaaHK ^aHaiuiber cxaiba «h.ioco- 
4>Hie. Kaao noAnyaHM paasifXHOM cboihx Hane.ia, Koia 



180 KPikTHK VPISr.l£A 

cy npoHHK^a npoa cse rpaHe . Ha^^Hiior auHMKrb , ra- 
KQ H caapmeHCTBOM cBoiiix ;^(i«BHMi^iiia , (onp«^- 
;beHa) 6e3 koihx ce neMoace ^auac o5Hhif roroao nw- 
ie^^Ha iia> ica , a Hapo*iHTo cboIhm KayiHHM MeTo/^on, 
OHa ie iiMaaa Tanae orpojiaii yn.iHB iia iiayicy ii yon- 
lUTO raBpeneHy o^paaosaHocT^ /\a 6e3 :iiiaiba re ch- 
crewe, h.im 6ap ochobhiix iiaM4*.ia ibeuHX, niiie Moryhe 
o^roBopifTH uaito najba iia Miiora aaxreBaiba ^aHaiiiH>e 
Hayne, hiitu paayiueTH Miiore noiaae caapeMeiie o6pa- 
30Haiio Tu. A luebyTHM U04 Hac e»ia6o ie ko iioattaT 
ca TOM ciicTeiiOM, ua 6aiu 11 ohh, koih ce rrporo 3a- 
iiHMaiy HayKOM. Hapasuo, ;\a roMe Hiiie yapoK HCMap- 
«ocT npeiua ^uaot'o^uiii n *H.ioro*ci«oiii o6pa30Baii>y, 
Teh TO, uiTO Jby^^u Hiicy iiMa.iii npuaiiue ;^a yiHwe to 
no3HaiicTBO. C Tora cmo yaepeHK, ^a oaai uaiu npe- 
r.ie^ Xer.ioBe «Haoco4>iiie aefee 6htii cyBiiuiaH y 
Hauioi HifciDueBiiorTM. 

ripe iiero uito nosueMO iiaJiaraTu Xer.ioay cit- 
CTejiiy MopaMO npiiMeTUTH neiuTO o Tome , iuto cy 
HeKH HSBMisa^tH, A^ Ie Xerja Teuiico, 11.111 roToao He- 
Moryhe pasyweTii. Xer.ioBa ciicTeiia npe^craajba ie- 
^Hy ^HBHy i^eauiiy y Koioi cae iioie^iiiiocTH Tauo 
aoniMHo ie^^iia ua APy*'*^ Hsaupy 11 ie^^tia Apyy oCia- 
cf{>aBaiy , ^a <'e ie^iia 6e3 ;^pyre hh pa3yMeTH ae^a, 
Beh rawo y j^e^HHu. C xora ie Xer»ia y aoie^MHO- 
cTHAia reiJjKO H roTOBO iieiioryhe paayjweT*! ; ajia y 
i^e«iHHH OH ie iacaa u pa3yM4>HB. Hapa^uo iiu ie^uy 
«ay«y HemoM^e 'pasyiMeTH Kano Tpe6a onai • Koin hh- 
»a.io HHie aaro cnpaiviaa, t. i. uoih aitie iio3HaT ea J 

paaaHTKom Te HayKe, MebyTMM mm cmo ce cTapaviH 
V^a y OBOM nper.ie^y cBOiie ape^cTaBimo oeaoBaa 
na^eaa Xer.ioa^ *Haoco*Hie, iuto ie ro^ Mtoiyhe ia- 
CHBie. Ko.iHtto. CHO y Towe yonean , Hena jipecy^e 
^y^H, MoiH Tdi iKKao paayweiy. 



' Xeraoea ie' 4»iiaocO'i^Hia n.104 HOBHier noKp^a, 
roIr ie /^ar ^^uaoco^-HiH, KanroM^ ^fmarreioM n HieAun^ 
e'QM. KaHT ie ^OKasHnao /^a ie ryniTHna cTBiipM He- 
npHCTynna nauieM 3HaM>3', iep HeuaMo riaMiiiia» itolHm 
(Jit ie MQnoaHarii nior.iii. Kareropiiie yiwa Mory ce 
cawo npimeHiiTii Ha nciiaae craapH, uoie h noartaieMO, 
a iiHicaKo HCMory h iia ibHxoBy cyiiiTiiHy. Ka;^ ce npH- 
weHe »a cyiuTiiHy , oii^a ce na^a y npoTHBociOBAe, 
Koie ce ite^a HH*iHivf pasMpciirif. TdKHM HaMHHoni Kaar 
ie pa3/\e.iuo CTBap lia ^^Boie: na noine h ryutruHy^ na 
iia»e /^a ie/^Ho noSHaiemo , a Apy« "<? , icao ^a ce 
CTBap iiio«e ^^pyr*iHie iaB^arii . iiero uito ie owa no 
cBoioi cyiUTHfiH. Ho 6hjio to Kano mv /^paro, e.ie h3 
Tor HBMejia KaiiTOBor : ,5\a mii MO^ueMO 3HaTM camo no- 
iaae cTBapn , a ne h inixoBy cyiiiTiiiiy . noiiiiK.ia ie 
H^^eia.iHCTiiMKa ciicTema *HXTeioBa. 

Ka/^ MM neMoa«eMO aiiaTif cyiiiTHny cTBapH , b^\\ 
canio TO KaKO ce cnia iiaMa ianjha 11.111 npe^craa^a: 
TO anaMH, ma snaMO o cTsapii caiuo to. hito caMH o 
H»oi BiHc.iHMO, 3fiaMo Haiiie MHiuji>eH.e. Ka/^ ;^aK.ie le- 
4Ha iio.iOBHMa NnuToee crenpu t. i, iteii noiae^ nnie 
HHiUTa ;^pyro. iiero Hauie MMuijfceibe. oii^\a ie .tawo 
5h^io ^^oliH ^o Tor aoKjbV'ieiba. ^'^a 11 ,^pyra iio.ioBiiHa 
CTBapH 5 T. i. ii>eHa ef/wTuna , HHie Tai5o1)e HHiiiTa 
r^P3 ro , Beh ttauie MMiu^eifee . ^a h cyiiiTHHa CTBapa 
HenocTOiM 3a re6e, Hero h H»y no.iaiKe Haiue mh- 
iiijbeifce, Kao uito ie iia to 3aK^yMeH>e h ,^oiuao <1>h- 
XTe. Huutra dpyeo doner n nenocroiu , ocum namee mu- 
mjhefha^ uatace ia. To ie ochobho Hane.io <[»Haoco*cKe 
CMCTeme *MXTeioBe. Ho Ta cncTewa, 110 CBoioi leAHO- 
CTpanocTH, HHie Hivia^a Be.iHKor ycnexa : MHoro ie 
BeltH ycnex HMa.ia cHCTema llIe;rHHroBa , icoia ie Ta- 
RO^e pasBHieHa M3 nomeHyTor Hane.ia KainoBor. 

I\iaBHa Mwcao *H.ioco*Hie llle.iHHroBe obo ie: 
cee ffiop^e (hihn^ Katto udeiaAUoe rnno u MnrepuiaAude 
nptdcraeA^aiy cnjno deoiftHU paaeuraK iedupe uaHe^a. m 



up HFATflil ,^Wr4X4 

To,ie ^»6c0^rHa «c7o#«ritf ocr (System— Identitttt). KdHT ie 
pa<:Kmyo ceeay naMet^y uauie iiosHaBaiyfee cimcofco- 
cxH H nacroieKifx iipe^MeTa, a Ule^'iiiHr ce. erdpao 4a 
ympAH ry CBe3y iia ocHOBy aCcoayTHe HCToseTiiocTH. 
HoMO^&eMo nope^H BeaM*iHity UleaHiiroBe mh> 
c*iu, KQiy oil Ty Hcisaayie ; aan npHMeTHTit MopaMo, 
4a a ii»eroBa anQOA^Tua ucToeernocr , iia Koioioi on 
Mittc^AH yTBp/^HTii xapMOHHiy HaMeby MHui.iieii>a h niaTe- 
paie, cama Hema ^oBOJbHor ochobb. y Mecro ;^a TpasKa 
car.iacHOCT mmehy MHiiijbeii>a h iipe^^MeTa y iacHOCTH 
H paaroaeTHOCTii cavor MHuiJbeifaa iep otio ie ie^HHa 
uyT) KoiuM ce Ta carjiaoHOcr nocTuhii Moaise ; oh xpamH 
y HeKoi ^pyroi ciiocoShocth, Koiy aaGHBa yjHHUjn bj^^ 
dafhCM. rioTOMe o« HiiKano Huie Morao Haie^^^tiaMHTit 
cyuiTHHy cTBapii ca Mifiu^^eifeeM , iep c nolMOM o atf- 

COjyTHOi HCTOBCTHOCTM, KftO He4er.f OIIOAHOM , H3BaH 

siHiiiifieiiia , oyuiTiina cTBapif morwia ie yseu ocrarH 
fteuiTO Bitiiie, Hero iiito ce yMiiHH okom oH^^erH ^aie* 
A ya TO lUeaiiiir Huie Biorao /^aru hh iipaBii.iHor me- 
TO^^a, iep iieaiia ce uaicBncy iiaMHHH. no3HaBaif>a Te 
HOBe cnocoCHocTii yMHor rae;^aH»a. IlonpaBHrH Te 
ue^^ocTdTHe Hayite lUeaHiiroBe u 6u.ia ie i^ea . 4^hjio- 
co^aie Xer^oae. FjidBHa Mkcao ^iMoco<i>ifi« Xer.toBe 
oaa ie HCTa iiito h ko^ lUevHiHra , a to ie : /^a ce 

MOH(C n03iiaTH CyUlTHHa CTSapU , ^AfH HCTUlia , caMO 

Tpe6a yacTH npaBH iiyT, k<hh Toue bo^h. H^eia a5- 
co^yTiie MCTOBeTiiocTH, i«ao upe^MeT ymiior r^e/^aH»a, 
aaie uMajia y tow iMe^^aiby Taise ^opiie, y Koioi (Jh 
ce npe^MeT iiO/iy^a|>ao c ifcOM. IIoTOMe Xer.i no«a- 
ayie y camoM Kperaifcy MHUj;beif>a ^opne, Koie ce no^- 
nyao no/\y^apaiy ca nocToiebuM npe^ueTiiMa. a KaKo 
ce nocToieliH ape^MetH no^y^^apaiy ca MHui^eibeM, 
OH^a OHH H iecy to. caMO Kpere^be MHUi^eiba. TaxiiM 
HasHHOH ocHOBHa RtHCdo Xer^oBa obo ie : cywTuuy 
CTBapn HecoMo da ie jnoeyhe nosnaru^ ueeo ee ona iom u 
nodnyno nodydapa cm MumA»e9heM. 



Ca^ 6h iieh oj^msi fKotAU /^a hoHHeno Ha.iaraxH 
CMCTemy Xer^osy, a^H )ieMO ce ioui Ma^o .laSasHTH 
ca (fieHOAtenoAoeuioM dyxa , Koia ynpaao CAyafiH 391 
yBO^ iberoBoi «H.ioco«»HiH. 

«^«iveiiieifoaoriija aJ^a* 

4»6NoiieHo^orHia ^y^^ nasH caMo Hano ce «auta 
CB€Krr nocreneflo paaeiiia cawa €o6pM ^ no yayTpam*- 
HbeM nol^yb^ifry; KdKo ce nocTencHo y^yC^asa yiipo* 
THBDOJiomHe iboi npe^Mere, /^a »Hiiia OBJia/^a a caaaa 
CBoiy HCTOBeruocT c iui«a y «apMH smiHjbeAa. Ka^ 
^yxT^ohe ^o Tor creneHa paaaMTica ^ OH/|a npecraie 
«^HOiiienoAorHia /^yxa m Haiyraie /iyx . aicojiyrfHi, csp- 
luaaace npyr HyBCTBeaor 3HaiE»a u yacTaie Kpyr irc'- 
THHe, Kao no3HaHCTBo npe^Mera ca caMHM coCom y 
4»opMH MHuijbeiba, Kao auaft^ yva o caiMOM ceCa, hjih 
cneKyAaruena ^uAoco^uia, Saro ce h 3086 «>eHOMe- 
HO^orHia' aJ^^? uito pasCMatpa ^yx y iberoBMiii jnoia- 
BHma, H.1H 6o^e pelifi orpaHkieHy caecT HOBeKa, Kao 
He caBpiueiiy ^opiwy aCcoviyxHor /\yxa. Tpa cy cre- 
neHa, Kola npo.fa3H coecx hjih ^enoMeHOjorHiKH^^yx 
AOK fii,o\fe ^o HCTHHe Haa aficojiyxHor flyxa : 1. ceeer'y 
2, eoMoceecT ; h 3. yjn hah HolaM Ay^^* 

1) Cbkct. 

npBrt noias caecTM roie fyBcxBena HftBeCHOCT 
(sinnltcbe Gevissheit). Oiia ce pasjiHKyie ofl ona- 
sKaAa TNnie, iii^ro npH onamaiby a dKo ie npeAweT 
pas.iH^aH OA OHora uito onania, oner ry paaaaisy treno- 
.laaee cyffieirr cdniKM aKTom onamaii>a : nanporaB y 
lyBCTBeHoi HsaecnoerH cyCieKT nojiawe xy pasjiirRy 
H cBeeraii ie o ibol. f^^ym bhuin creneH caecrH le- 
ere CMcnpnphe^ a Tpeka cy^fhe. 



^0(]( /KFATKH aP£rA£4 

. a) yy$CTe^9ia.u3ee€HocT. 

npe^MeTH HyBcTBeHe HSBeciiocTH nocToie y o^- 
pebeiiOM npocTOpy h Bpemeny ^oede^. ^cad^, HV) CBaiiH 
npe^MCT Te MyBCTBene H3BeciiocTH npn CBeiw tom iuto 
ie oiipe^e^eH npocTopow h BpeivieHOM . oiiei' ie He- 
nocToiaif H^CBeie^HaKo mpe^aaity ji^iMtco oiiiiiTe. Oc- 
HOB. no KOMe onpe^ejbCHO „oede^ ^cad^ npe^aaH y 
Hecmpe^eJbeHO „oede^^ ncad^, iiaaasH ce y HcroBeT- 
Hoai^iti omaree h noiedunoe KaHO y iipe^^MerHMa MyB- 
CTBe#ie HaBecuocTM^ TBHO H y CBe^TH. Cbm upe^MeTH 
iecy itv^HiiitHHH no y hcto BpeAie.; oiih cy h oiiiiiTer 
CBoicTBa> Ta 6o.iecT, iianpHMep, Kao ie/^HHHHHa no^dt^ 
iecTe y hcto BpeMe h h©uito onmre, nao (fo^iecTH u 
MBQroiiJM^HO Kao : r.f9Bo6o.i>a, Kocro6o.f>a h t. ^. Ta 
MUQHCfUia ffaHHHx npe^BKaTa iiap«se ibeHy ie^HHHMHOCT. 

CMaTpaH>e iie3a^^OBoj>aBa ce Bii^eibeM ii mnpHca- 
fbBM ie^HHMHHHX npe^Mera, Beh biio crapa ce caaaaTH 
Hx y CBesH, y u»/^HncTBy. HyBt'^BeHa M-iaecTHOCT Moane 
isaaam /^a iieuno ()HBa , no KaaaiH ^\a Heiuro CwBa 
Heo6xo/^MO iipn n3BeciiHM ycaoBHwa, MO^iie caivio ciwa. 
xpaibe : noxoiwe iiito mh y obom noc.ie/^ibew cayHaiy 
Heo6xo/\Ho cKynjbaiwo sinore noiaBe y iiefiiTO jiito ie 
ie;^HO H CTaB./i>aMO hx no/j KduaB ouiuth aauon. Ha 
Tora ce bh^h ^a CMaTpaibe npno nna nocao ca cTBapn, 
Kap cKynoM ie^uHH^HMX auanoBa, o^boi^jhhx Q^'Apy- 
rax iio/^of)iiHx . ouynoBa. Iloiaivi o cTKapH npa cAia- 
Tpaifry ^oCnia ce onHCHBaH>eM , t. \. nofipoiaBaiteM 
cymxecTBeMMX w o^.iy'iaBaibeM HecyuixecTBeHMx ;iHa- 
KOBa. PeayaTax CMaxpaifia iecxe onur^ uao npe^cxaB- 
HHK naieaa onmree , Koie ca/\p»(H y cefin: ftiHO^iuny 
ie^^HHui^a. Ho y xoiw cnaiaH»y iioie^HHor ii oiiuixer 
Heiwa ioiii npanor ie^HHCxBa : iep xy ie uoie/^HHo ioui 
npoxHBcxaBji>eHO onuixem. Oxy^a npoxHByc-iOB;be5 pa- 



XErJlOBE <»MJIO€O^MIE. 



1^ 



^H H9p4i»Hafba Rora cbbct npeaasH o^ CMarpa&a Ha 
BHttiH CTeneH, a Toie s cy^eihe. 

Cy^eH»e Han cyj^eha cBecT. 

Cyb«H»e cTapa ce HapaeiiaTH ' npe^xo^eha lipo- 
THBycaoBAa ; oho npiianaie ^a ie iipe^wex caiwo no- 
ias, a CBeoiiuiTa. yHyTpauiHia crpaHa npe^wera epe^- 
cpe^^a Tora noiaea , h^h iberoB 0/\6aecaK (pe*;ieK- 
cma).. yHyfpamifce m eBet)nuiTe c ie^ne crpaHe , a 
cTiojbBuiihe H noie^^HHO c ^pyre / nefi ho npoTHBy- 
cioBe ie^fid 4pyroiif y cy^eAv. k^o y cwaTpafby. T- 
HyTpauiAB ctpaHd iipe^iwera ko/^ oyfee'ifca hhic HHiura 
^pyro^ H«ro yHwuiTena iwMordBii^HocT HynciBeHe crpa- 

. He H TaKHM Ha*iHHOM cBMO o^ay^uia (aCcrpaKTHa) hc- 
TOBCTHorx upe^iwera ; a^H-y xoi HCxOBeTHOCTH cy- 
beibe iio^a>Ke aa ochob paa^wicy, Koia ie yBeK ceCn 

*paBHa H iiocxolaHa y iipoMeuH noiaaa. 0^ax.ie ce 
paba noiaM o ch.ih; iep cHVia ie neuixo yHyTpai|iH>e* 

' mro ce nenpecxaiio iicKaayie y paauHM iioiaBuwa k 
y cBHMa XHM noiasHMa pasHa ie ce6H. yHyxpiauiu>e 
ie/^HHCTBo HSMeby o^ayiHe BCTOnexHOCxH npttAn^ra 
H H>H^OBH\ noiasa u3paa&aBa ce noiMOin danoua. G 
HoiMOM o saKonyy i«ao. HeneM xanoM, y MeiHy, ce no* 
^y/^apa yHyxpaiiJH>e c;^ cno^aun^HM , CBecx n^jiaaH 
•Ha ^pyrH cxenen pa9BHXKa. Koiif Xera Ha3Bpa caMO* 
ceecT '^ iep xaico ie^HHCxBO MOHce Shxh caMO y nameM 
MHiiiybeiby, Koie cbmo y cein ca^P^Htf mBorOBu^HOCT. 
cBoinx uoiasa. Haiua caecx o ce6H xaxo ie rnoiewa. 
ca iipe^MexoM h iberOBOM MHoroBH^HOiuhy , ^a ra 
ynocN y ce6e h nocxaie c ahm i^^^HO. 

t) Camocbkct. 

CaMoesecr, rtaoQ^ay^fifa HcTOBetHocT , no^Bpi*- 
Hyra ie xa«o^ ^BoiHoexH , wao uixo ie 6ujket y no- 



10fc KPATim arEMi:^ 

HCTKy HyurvpeMa iiaBecHQCT, caMo uiro i# <imi a^o^- 
HocT ApyisMia o^ oue npse. Csecr Wi^a ie vj^A 
eo6oM npoTHBHOCT pa3HHx crpana npe^meTa, a caMo- 
oeecT HAia npe^ co6om caMO MHOMCHHy npe/^mera, KOie 
npoTHBycTaiu>a ce6H h TensH ^a ^ose^e y ie^HHCTBO 
lie pasHopo^He npe^MeTe , aeh cuoiy eyCieKTHBHy 
CTpaHy ca o6ieKTHBHOM. 

aj Teateiha, 

Temiba noiaBJba ce Hainpe y tomb, iiito cj6i9T 
nopaie HeKe crpaHe npe^eTa, Koie xsejiH yTpoiJutTM, 
na OH^a yHHuiraBa h ifceroBy aaceSaoCT y c/be^ nera 
cyCieKT seh npe.iaaH rpaaat^y cBoie Henoep^e^HOCTa 
H npaaaaie eeCe aa ie/iHHHi^y, t« i. pjsk ie oh leAao, 

6) JeduHUHHOCT id HeieduuuHHocT ^ uau npuanafhe 

ieduHUHHocTu Kod dpjfaux, • 

npaao ci'apaifce o ce0H npe^nocraaAa npoTHs^ , 
ncMoacaocT HeeaMO cfrojbHifx npe^Mera ^ Beha ^pyre 
ie^iiHnt\e. Ka^ ce cperiteiMo c ^pyrom ie^HHHHi^oM 
(./ihhhoctm), mh ce 0<ipHMO c ibOM /^cvrae 5 /^oK.ie ae- 
npHaaaMO' ^a cy ^ibena npasa paaHa HauiHM. TaKHM 
Htt^fHifOM yHHiUTaaa ce nieby ie^HHRi^aiMa HH^HBH^y- 
a.H»a piaBjiHKa h ua ntecro ii»e ^djiaaH paaeHCTBO, ie^- 
naao Mnutjhetkeiej^HO o ^pyrom. hah npHsnaibe ie/^Ho 
Apyro aa le^HHMny (jihhhoct). Jf^a^ canocaecT ^ofee 
^OTor np«i9iiaifta, oir/ja ona npejiaan aa creiiea cae- 
ooufTe camorwecTR. 

CaeoniiiTa caMocaecT-Toie aaiiibe o caoioi ie/^a- 
HMsaocTH y ApyrHM le^riNHi^aiiia, roie, Taao peha, cae- 
onjxiTu ,p/(ieK Miforkx i^^^mai^a AfY^ *^ APyy* Ha cre- 
aeuy t«. caeoouiTe eainocB.ecTtf, cBditH - awiBif coy«HM 



/ 



%J 



XEVAO^^ ^H^Ca^HIE. 198 

yeepeibf^M o oe(5n u y mcto apeme c yBej^a^^m 4a ra 
K /ipyrH npHSK^iy 39 to, aaiUTO on cam ceCe npHSuala. 
Ha cBeoaiUToi caNOcaecTH ocHUBa ce 6H}ie «aMM4Hia, 
oras^Kue^ 4P^d^^ » .^ySasH , npHiare^bCTsa h t. 4. 
TaKHM fia^HHOM CBeonuixa canocBecT iecre ie^uH*- 
CTBO eaiiiocBecTM h cbccth. Ka/^ ;^obeMO 40 caeon- 
uire cBMOCBecTH, mh iipH3Haiei>i<) y ceffii to hcto, iuto 
H BBH ce6e. Ty ce laBjbaly CBe ie/^HHHT^e y ie^no, a 
no TOMe M MecTaie iwe^y ftiiiMa paa.iiiKe. To ocTsa- 
peno ie/^HHCTBo iiameHy cyCl^KTa h oCieifiTa , ra ie/^- 
HBHOCT no/^ Koiy ce /^OBO^e CBe ie/^nnHr^e h iecxe y^. 

3) yiM. 

Cbcct Ha npBOM crencHy cBOue ^^oiiiaa ie ;^o 
Tor ySebei^a^ ^a ape^uttTHH CBer uvie Nwuita ^pyro, 
Hero CB^^T HAeiajiHH, iep aanou ie Ii^^^ho hcto, uito k 
noiaB. Ha cTeneny cawocaecTH yHHiiiTaBa ce Tai npii* 
3paK, Ta ceHKa, 4a ie Caiarn cyuiTnna ^pyr& ^yxoBfie 
ii^/^Hiiiii^e pa».iH*]Ha o,^ Hauie. Taruni Ha'uiHOM nouiro 
cy cy6iei«T h oCieuT oc*io6o^^h,ih ce o/^ caera ^ uito 
KM II Hie cBoicTBeno . noiuTO cy o6e cTpaiie , xaiso 
pehH, iipeiiuie ie/^na y APyry. oii^a ie h cBane npo- 

THBHOCTH Mel>y IbHMa HOCTfiM). HaMe.lO MHCJIHhe H^H 

cyCiewT ^oiiiJio ie ijocTeneno ^o Tor y5eHeH>a , 4a 
H»ero^ MHC-ui. MMaiy ofiieKTHBHH anaf ai, uAa wcTHny ; 
^pyniM pe^ma : a^ npeAwerH y CBuna cBQiiwi onpe- 
Ae^i»eii»u!wa (bt^stimungeD) Hiwaiy Hcxy ca^P^iiHuys Koiy 
M cBecT y cBoimi caMoonpe^ejbeifcMHa. . Hob^is yaim- 
luava ce iia CTeiien cBeonuixe cnecxw o aace^teHoi Mj 
xaup pel»H, lOBOpH ioi: ^j'^u cuja, ajn vaj$ tu: ja cmo 
u TU jeduo ucTo''. Tom yMHomhy 11 cbcouuitom CBeiuKy 
cBpiuana .ce *eHOMeHO,iarH*jj«H ^yx. Ha wecTO ^hhhof 
yfie^eH^a^ mm ca^ hmbmo HCTHwy cBeonuixy , 6oMfiaH- 
exBeHy. Hpoa xpn cxenewa, uoia npo^iasH yw: ^epy^ 
nf^gceery u aScQAyruo uJiu ca$pmeHiO duathe . pasBuia ce 
laaoBRR XVII. 13 



194 ' iti-ATitk Apfii*;iE^ 

fcawo ocHOBiRa wHcao ywa, a ro' ieiieduucrio u^Me^y 
dtio^Oy HOju nosunje u npedjnera^ tuTO ce ucnosHtiea. lid* 
c.ie^iibii H BHiuH ci*eHeH mhcjih lecte caepmeno 3Haii>e 
li.iif HdyKd, iep ry ie *opMa m' ca^^pmnna ie^rro ncro- 
CdBpnieiio 3iiaif>e iecre 3HaHie o ce6H cUiviom. 

Ha Te *eHOMeiiaapriiie ^yxa , . uao ypo/^a y *H7 
piocQ^cKy. Haywy, paba ce h sa^^arau <»H.ioco^Hie, ^ 
XQ. ie,; nqnaaaTU Kano ce rni ^esycAoeHu y^j Koiujt ce 
cspumea paaeuTOK ceecru^ nocren^xio opeanuaupa u^u 
ocTsapaea y eaceAenoi. Ha ocHOBy Tor yny rpaiQifcer 
nponeca ie^He hctc H^eie, ^HJioco^cica nayna ^e.iH 
ce Ha xpH /^e.ia. Th ^e^OBH iecy obh: 

1. Jloeuna^ h.iu uayna o H^eiH isauBa ie OHd y 
ce6H H 3a ce.6e. 

t., ^ujt0€oeuia npitpod^^ H;ict nayica o M^eiH KaxBa 
ie OHa y /^pyroM Snliy ^ h.ih na^ cdSHaie ce6e san 
ce6e. 

3, ^uAoso^uja dyxa^ h^ih Hayica o H^^eiii KaiSBa 
ie OHa ica/^ ce Bpaha h3 ^pyror fiMKe ceCn caMoi, t. . 
i. Ka/^ caanaie ^a ie ona ie/^na HCTa h y ce6i» h 
Ban ce6e. 

I. •iorHKa. 

ITpe^iiieT Aorvme Xer.ioBe HHie ^opwa^HO mhui* 
jbeH»e, Koie naxo/^M y ceCw rorotte *opMe h aaicoHe, 
Befe MHcra H/^eia, Koia cboihm paasTiTKOM caiwa ;\aie 
ce^H *opRie H 3aKOHe, imm 6ojbe pehn : npe^iwet ;io- 
THKe Xer.ioBe iecre pa3MHnijbaBaH>e o HeseMv. Paa- 
MHurjbaBaH>e ^aie to iicto tuto h MHm^eif-.e . ysero 
Kao cnocoCnocT ^y\ii , t. i. ^aie HeuiTo CBeonuiTe, 
camo lUTo OB^'^e to caeonrtiTe wiwa Apyrw Kapanrep ; 
OMOTy iipe^CTaBJba oho uito ie cyuiTecTBeno, npe^- 
cTaBjba cyuiTHHy npe^MCTa, h.ih oho, iuto ie y ifceiiiy 
kcTiiHHTo 5 iep iicTHHa we /^a ie ce iiaieT^annyT , Beh 



XEtJiOBE ♦H.tOCO*HU\ 195 

Haihpe Mopaiwo pasMMclmtH o ripe^Mery,' ^ok HabeMO 
Aeroay ,cymTHHy. ^dKJie camo 'iiOMohy paaMHUijbenii 
nocTi[3ai3aMO npaoH duana npe/^nfera, hah raico Ha^- 
eany HCTHHy oCieKTHBHy, Heda^OBO^asaiyliH ce mcth- 
HOM cy6ie«TMBnoM5 T. i. THMe, iiiTo ce cawo Haiwa hmhh 
;^e'ie ireTifiiHro. T^vo^ HanpHM[iBp, ''aaisofi, no h^m ce 
ynpaBibaiy cBexH^a He6ex;Ka, RHie fi»9i HanncaH ne- 
ifoepe^^Ho Ha He6y, nero cmo mopa^H Haiiipe paaMKiu- 
j^atoaTM ^OK CMO ra no^Haaa. . Tai i^kor, Koim cmo 
Taittiii uaHimoM lioanajiB, t* {«^ nyxeM paainHuubaBaK^a 
H ieexe o6ieKTHBHa HCTHHa. Ka^ ie ^aiivie TaKO, t. i. 
Ka^ MH nOMOliy pasMHuijbaBaiba nocTiiaaBaMO aaKOH, 
cyuiTHHy npe^inera, to 3NaMfi ,^a pasMirm^aBaibe meiba 
Heaocpe^Hy *0pMy npe^iwexaj woiy iiaw ^aie oce)iaibe, 
CMarpaiCie h npe/^CTasa h cawo noiwbliy xe npoMene 
npaaa cyuiTHna npe^ijiera nocraie DpMCTyuna^ iiaiueM 
noaiiaBaj^y. Ta npoMena (SifBa y xowe , iiixo j^u p.aa- 
MHiujbaBaibeM no^HHcemo noie^Hne npe^ :xaBi; y i<oie 
^o^HiaMO Hy BCXBOM5 ha cxeneii OBeoniiixera, r/^e one 
HHey Bfnue aa nac noie^Hwe. Kei^ he- TaKiini Ha^HHOM 
npilBa npiipo^a ape^meTa caMO nofOMe npHcvynHa 
MOMe 3Haii»y, iuto mb H>y hmR yn^Hna Moi ^yx , . xo 
offi^^a ry npBBy npapo^y cxBapft rpe6a CMaxpaxw aa 
npoHdBo^'^ MOra ^yxa. m.im moie c^Co^/^ne pa^tf>e. ^py- 
THM peHHia: pa3MHut;bliBdfi>e iecx^ h cySieKTHBHa pa^Aa 
if.iM cno^'offifocx v^yxa h oSi^Rt^iaifa pa^^nia, x. i. raKk 
X^B^l^A^ Koie ie peay^tax offleHTHentA ncrnna, 

H» OBpta mxo cmo /loca;^ KaaaAii o MHEu^etby, 
iMiHo ie, fla ce JlontKa no^j^/^apa ca MeTa*H3HKOM, 
tia^Koiii o npe;^w^exy 5 • KiifiH ce ca^^pacii y MH*ujb€*ifc5r, 
«oie *M' iecxe npasa cyiii<rHiia exsapH ir ^a cy "siopMe 
i&umsh^fb^ *faiio aero cBoicTBeHe npe^wexy, aao a ca-^ 
fti<sm lAnnftjfteii^yj Ka^'Mii trctariy -^o^RtaiifO ca^o ^a^a^bui 
-iMatijfcjeifca, xo 'dffa^nf) ^'^a mc^hhiI it Haie'Nfrnixa APy^^9 
ti^ipo upo^l^e (pa^^HTBR) 4t)TO caiaoF mHOijbeHia, ca,ta)( 
n^^^trwe ^paf?^»e, Mebyi'itw wtrorH Apyr^»i^ cxaafcaiy 

13* 



J9P KfATKM ap^r.W4 

TRi o;\Hoiiiai Haweby iwHiiubetba m jnp.e^wer;^, h 04 t^ 
pas^iHKe iipoH34a3e paaue Teop^ie o^hocho iweTO^^ 
^A^ H^MiTHa ' noaHaeaiba HCTHHe, nao : jnerod doejna- 
TUHHu ^ BMnupuHHU, KpuTUHKU u M€Tod uenocpeduoe 

IIoe>ie Tora Xera noTaHKo nperpeca rBexeivfe" 
ra^e m iOiipoBpraBa us, t. i. ^osaayie ji|a cy to Buncn 
«eT0^9 n9k 0H^Sii H^wiaaice esoi^ Koiif ei>oiH y opeani 
ea OMifMb} xuktoihe MMipe^ peHeiio o MHujAeH>y. Tpu 
.cy QTeneua^ ^po3 ifoia Xerji npoBO^^H CBoi jioriv^KH 
iieTO^« a Ha awe: 

1. OdJiyHaeatha u^u pacff^t4$ct9^a,\ 

3. Cneh-yA^TueHU uau noauTueno-y^Hu. 
'* '"To I^MCy ^'^^.lOBH, HO CaittO yByTpauTHiH MOMCHTH 

B ocHOBHH (BaeMeriTH MHiii;beH>a , t. i. CBaKOr noiMa, 
caatee Hcri^H'e. 

1, Ha npBOM CTf^tiewy AoruHWor MHiujbefiia , t. "i. 
«i|i OAwiyiifOM,- €B« iiiTp wHuu'beibe ycaaia HMa K^pjix^ 
Tfbjp. (lape^ejbeifH, np kqh cq oiio pasi^fiKyu^ o/^ oBera 
4pyrop:a. Ilpe^i^a ce b xy rpaBCH Qnwrey a*AH to oi|uit%; 
if^^a k>iu ifiap^i&T^pd Hi^TBBp piuBTer* Ha tom • ct^t^ 
ji^#iy !>iHriiJ^eii>0 caMo ■ o^ayjaaa . oifiuTe h /^pa&H ra, 
4;.^. npe;^craBy po^a o^BoienQr o^ BH^ond, uoiB iom 
HBcy o^^Boieim^ ^.\^ Heyire npo#tahH ibuxoily ynyTpa- 
ixij^y TBf^3y« ^(a^KA^ TO ie ouHiTe raico npaTitffCToiHo 
oBoiHH vQi«4BHQCTifMa,; Bpie. ge Bo/i n^HM BBJiaae. isaa 
141TO . cy sre mQiiQ^ffHOCi\H npoT|f Bcrowie ie^Ha APy- 
roi. fiio ce ofiycTaBU aa to«i cTeneHy |iHiu4»0Hia ,. Tai 
40^i9i3K ^%o peay^TaTB^ Koin jr^ae pyme kpko y mcbbot*^ 
:i?aK<^ B y aayHH. Icip leaaapi hctbbb^ CBaBon spasiMy, 

^O CJi^H TOA* 0/|JiyHUOf >fBUlJI»eH>9 ; JIIOSHe C^.-npOTUBr 

cTaBBTB Apyra ibemy. pa^«o, a ne/^aii^ ce ry MUKaBBe 

NOryKBOCTHi^ ^f^- ce B^I^SKA^ CI^BaTBTBr npaOH, HOTHBBT«i 



ii&HXoe O^tioiiial. fto h 6es xor O/^ayinor' MHiujbeiba 
lieraame Shth] (Sie3 teera hcCh tftijo HHiiixa TeMejbrior 
If 'onpeflejbehor hr y Hayi^M , hh y iicKycTByj hii y 

SKHBOTy. 

8. ^py*^" cTeneii'AorHHKor Miiiifjbeiha iecTe'<)tti/i- 
AteKTUUuu HAti fieearueHO'^MUU, Ha tom ereneny .ibrHHRO 
MumjbeH>e , HMaiytiii y bh^ peay-iraxe npe^xo;^HO^ 
cteneiia , ^oaa3H ^o xora',' ^o *iera o6hmho /^obo^h 
ie^HOcrpahoct, t. i. nopune xe ie^HOcxpanocxH. a no 
xome H peay.ixax ie iberoB odpui^arejiuu hah Heearueuu. 
Ho xo ^Hia.^eifiXH^KO MHiii^eH>e xpeSa paa^tincoBaxK 
o^ ;\Hia.ffeKXHMKe BeuixHHe MeiuaxH noiMe ti /^oKaan- 
Bam, ^a le peayaxax o^.iy^iHor MHiujbeH>a oawo ceiiua; 
/^HlajieKXHKa nnie BemxHua urpaxH ce ca penMa. 

3. Tpehu H BHuiH cxeneH .loruMKor MHiir;beH>a 
iecxe cneKyAarneuu h.ih noauTUBHo-vMHU. Ka^ ie no 
cMHCiy ^HiaaeuxHHiKor MHuijbeH>a', cboicxbo csera, 
uiTO hocxoIh. xaKO. ^a ce ie^iio nopHMe HeniiMi, ^py- 
r«M M ^a u%^no npeja3H y V^pyP.? ^9 3"^^" ^^ o6e 
npoxuBHOcxH HMaly Heutixo ie/^naKO. ^e^y coPom h a* 
ce Mory cnoinxH ii cacxasHXH neiiixo rpehe^ Koie HHie 
Heuixo 0/\Boitixo o^ ii>hx: Hanppxnp xo rpehe Ha.ia3H 
ce y HCHBoi cBesH ca xhm ^senia npoxHBHOCXHMa h y 
ifceiiiy ce orae^a xo, iuxq xe ^bc npoxHBHOcxw HKiaiy 
ie^^uaKO h uixo hm ^aie Moryhnocx npejiasHXH ie^HO 
y /vpyro.^^^u^^ cj^^Kya^^nmHOMHuubeibf^ n^e ^i^M>e o^ 
^HiajieKxiiHifim* , QHO ooTdBAa • sa JcafioM nocTaB.;baiba 
4^ia^^KTM«^to^' n^\^Jk^fh9^ f no ne HayauMa hx cfiemw^ 
i^ep perfyaxax ci]^)HyaaTiiBHo«* nifiuiiiit^kiba Mm^ iftewKro 
o^boIhxo o^ h»hx 5 HO xQ . HCTQ^. J4ixo ce . Kpeha iWl 
XHM i^p)iMa cxi^fie^Hjir^ »|HU]^($Hba.. UcxMiHa) i|eaa Ker.i, 
H iecxe xo. cawo^p^xaifif^ j^iitfubeiba> Kppa vpaexer 
qeiia. .^') ., . - . ..»..,- 



^) Bh/^h Riioicleped. crp. I5t* 



198 K.PATKH QPErJIEA 

y JlorHi^H )>a3BHiaiy ce c^eonuiTH poiniH . o 
CTBapMd, KOiM ce tiaiiocae/^Ky ^^oeo^e y. ie^Hy CBe- 
oniiixy ne.iHHy imh ii/\eiy. V. tom paa^HTKy Hiwa rpn 
cTeiieHa: ^. Euhe ] B. CyuiTuua; B. iJoiajK ud^ie* , 

Haneao o^ nora noHiiibe Aornn^ h yonuire caa 
4»Haoeo^Hia, Mopa 6nrM. epao ooKy^HO no cBoioi ca- 
^p»(MHH ; iep HH y MifiujbeH>y , hh Ban ii>cMa Hema ro- 
TOBOr^ ^j^aror iipe/^ivieTa. Ifpe^weT h^h HCTMiia. iiocth- 
3aBa oe iioneneHo KperaibeM ii.iii pa3BifTKOM caiMor 
MHiiijbeiba. y cBaKOM noMCTKy npe^meT canio iecre^ 
c iioMexKa MR cawo to snaMO o iipe^wexy ^a oh i>- 
cTe. Ka^ 6h y ramoM iioneTKy npe^iwer 6ho HeuiTO 
BHiiie , OH^'^a TO He6fi (Sho MO'ieTaK. fTo tome npau 
noiaM, c Kora no»iHH>e .iofhmko MHUivbeibe , iecxe no- 
iam o 6uhy, 

A. HayKa o BHiiy. 

Mmcih) diihe - — TO ie HHCTa, hhihh neHrnyibeHa, 
MHcao o 6Hhy. /l*o Gnhe ima Tpn cxeneHa : 1. Kannoha: , 
t. koAuHoha: 3. Mepa. " 

1. K A KB O ffc A. 

a) Buhe. 

} HifCTO ^HKe, Haouiro em^ ftHUie Bir/^e^n', ieere 
voHexaK) DO Towe iuto* ie to (firfie Heofrpe^fejbefHa, 
u«ii90f<petf^Ha iiMioao, a iio*feTait yBeit nihpa 6ilTu HeoiTO 
iieo«ip>e^ejftefrio, Henoiipe^ffo. BaAe^ nao Has^jio c&era 
HOcroielierj €9H9it^AA iei' Eae arena tanoAa,'^ 

•4\a/^ ;|o6p«>np^MO^i^o 'to ^Sittie Bit;^e heMo, /(a 
ie Olio •iH0ra{r>^jiy*iH<^tf»Memi^ afeojyffto lieraTifBi^o;' 
a aScojyrHo HerarHBiio — ro ie CBeie,\HO luro h numra 



^) Bhah Eneirl. §. 86. 



Ka^-^ 'HmafSi to ifcr^, mio tt ^i^A^*, OH^^a gnaHif, 
;^« H€|Ma Hir ie^HOr fiH Apy**^*'? «^^ tiMa H^^iirrd tpehe, 
Kao flbHxoa «3pa3 , i&Hxoi^a HCTHHa , Hemro xaifio, y 
Hemy ee ovAe^a w le/^no n Jtpy^o. To Tpefce bhiUp ii 
ieCTe-ftM^wfc^ HfciKpaft^iwe (Viefd^n). .y ftewy to, no 
peHMa Xeijia 5 or^e^a ofW, nifb iima HCTHimTor y 
guAff n nt^hy ii waft itera ohh cy eamo^ ie^ah npa- 
3pa«, ceiiHa. Eneap^e HMa ftsa HiomeHTa. Ka^^^e nniuTa 
i^jiM HeCnKe 3ai«iefifH ca finlieiw 5 to ie oH^a pafeaite ; 
iwf^ ee «aic^»i*ie saineHH ca ttcealieM. to ie iin^^ cm'pT, 
yumfrreibe. To Me»aa.e 6kka h nefiHha iecre rovf, <fti- 

. 6J CyuiTecfeoeafhe (Daaetnjj. \ 

Ho H oawo 0nBaH.e, no cbOioI Mecra-iHocTii, Hoei^ 
y"cte(5h ceme aOBor npOTMhycJio^jba. Koie ce MRpH-na 
BHUfeiii eteheny.' IT ^utsnt^y fliitie a iieOHhe pe^ow aa- 
meifc^Hy i^a"^ APy^^ " nocpe^CTBOw tc aaMewe ^ojiaae^ 
y ieAHHcrfeo, y Koiwe MCHeaaaa H>HXOBa nponranocr. 
Taaai^t HaMHHOHi peayaraT €HBart.aiecTe cywr&ere^eai^tf 
y wcMtf ie OHO,' mro Ie' hoamoHio, cnoieno ca rtHHw, 
uiTO ie ueraTHBHO, 6iifce<jarfe5ii)i«iii. IHto cyiiiTeeTaylie, 
to» oymrecTByie edeeodn nnd^od n ca « eKHW • cpeA- 
ct^lhmw, a fte My^a » eBarfla, — ^atrjie yseK catieMiiiif 
orpaHa*tei4eM. JKoieA TOrti caaic^ cyttfrecrBOBaifre h#ch 
y oe6li eeiii6' oaor^' ynauixevba. ^aa cacraaifa ejie-* 
Hfretrra-^fiaKe H nefciKe — ^neibyiyhii ie^HO APy*^ ^ 
TO«i nfoiif«NOM fiapancaqiiiyhH eyfaT<H^Taoaaflf.e, ^aiy 



*^7. BHAH.JKppicl. §. 8a./CTp..ri6. 



eoo 



HpikrHvi n^ttjit:^ 



my fBSBUnn h y «eTO upeMe lioMsicy My rpanHqe. 
/^aiy My cmpr. CyniTecTBonaifce HMa tAe/^et,e m)MenTe 

n) CjfMr&er^o^aH^e — w ie onpe^ejbeRO CHfee. a 
iienocpe^Ha. cyiuTecf ayiyfea Otipef^ejhenoct Ibct^ to, 
lUTO MH soAeMO KnudQha. T^vuiM HanuHOM caaKH rym' 
TecTByiyhii npe^^ieT iecT f^€«iro 6iihe ycacHHM ipaH«- 
nawa; xe rpaHH^e u A^iywy esse — onpe^^jbeaocT, 
y TOH cMHcay oho ie cxaap (res, A\ng\ h^wtq petMHo, 
Ho Toi KaTeropaiHySory nopa^iy caano orpanHHeibe 
H 3QBy ra:.Eiis realissiiniMQ. 

ffj UpoJteHfi. Bnuie cmq sH^e^iH. ^ q>aHHi^a ^a 
ie cvaapH gahe , a o CTsapH y HieafiM rpaaHi^Ma 
ueMOMcece HHuiTa Bituie Kaaara, Hera cawo to, ^a 
oaa iecTp. /(a^ae to newy ce OHa npoTH^ic/raBJba 
B^nocpe^HO cnoieHo ie q i^om pyuieliH .H>eHO SHfce. 
IloTOMe caaKa ie CTBap: 1. KouanNn; 2. npoMeajbHaa. 
OTy^a ce paba : 

ej BesKoUn^Hn npoM€Ua. Cxfiap, iiocTaBuiii spea 
npoMeuy neuiTo f^pyvo. ona i^ sbto oner iiefUTO h 
noTOAie onex ie iio^^BprHyxa npoMena. TaKUM aaHMHOM 
uoHaiuo ^offaia ()e3Koua'iim pa.iauTaicKoHasHo, xaKo 
pel^a, yuHibe ce /^a uocxaHe 6e:iKOBaHHO, no uenocTM- 
3aaa npaay 6e3Kona4HocT, Tew 4uto ce oxpece ie^- 
iitt^ ottoaa. OHO aaaada celhi Apyre. To ie npapaAHSI 
6e3KoiiaiHqcT, a ne npaaa* Otia ce y MaxeiiaTtt^K 
30BiB: prog-resauai in infitiUuin. 

Hq mxa TO ^iiaMH, seMy xeasa xa j^eaHoaasHa 
nponeaa? Ka^ newro iedao cxaue npeMa utnejntf dpif^ 
aoM^ OH^a H OHO npBo u^iuto vdwr^ xano^e i^pyro iipeMa 
OBOM ApyroM, Kao ujxo ie ^pyro iipema npaoM. TauHM 
HaMH>*OM caaiso to neptro upejiaseKa y dpyeo cyepexa ce 
caMO ra cofioM. Taio^HouiaiopeMa eefiHcaMOM, KoiH ce 
HCKasyie npeaa30\i y ^pyro, h iecxe npaea^ ucTUHura 
^esKouaHuocT. Ty ce Cahe uanoBO nocxaBjba, ho ca ^py 

THM BHTUHM CBOicXBOM. KaO llOpHqaibe CftMOf^ TiopHi^aiba 

H iecxe fTHhe 3a ce6e'(f{ir «ich «ein). /^pyruM peMMa : 



fo Apyr^^j ^^^^ iiO(*raW*5e3i{oiia4Ho y npoMettH, nuie 
Ban treaitmia*iMor, n^h y tbemy caMdM h iecire ynpaao 
OHO fccTo; T^aKJie npeaa.iehH k ffenewy 6e3KOHaHH0 eye- 
pera ce caMo ca /?Oi^o^. lloTo.iie h ^JeskoHaMHO, Kao 
luTO ra ysKwa o^^yiHO MHiii^beifie; t. i. Kao npotHB^ 
nojioiftCHOcT KonaHHOM, iecre xaitofee KOuaHHO, no^em 
ce cycpeTd ca hchum dpyeuM , iuto ra orpaHH^aea* 
Flpasa fie^KOHasHdcT iecre caivto H/^eia.iHOCT KOHa^Hor. 

e) Suhe 3a ce6e, 

Buhfi ^n ceffe, t. =i. y tOm c»4ncjiy Kand omS 
CTOJH npeMa ceCn ^anroM, iecx^ nenoepednoctr m ys- 
TO TaKar ireiiocpe^riorr, KiVia cama 3a ce6e nocroiH h 
HsiysHMa cBe inrro ie ^pyro. Bufee aa ce6e imJe nemro 
ueonpe^ejbewo, a^it it tberosa dnpe^ejbenOi^T a*ne y 
fOMe, iu*ro ^tfo paaaHKyie itetuTO ie^HO o;| H^*»«ra 
^pyrot, ^e^^-onpe^ej^etlDc^ tfedKcym^fia, noi* ytfinu^AM* 
y ee^H cnatsy pa3^ii«y ie^ii^ir o/^ ^pyrorr Buhe &« 
ceife iM'^a (»h)}« ^$e»KOHa^HO, a^H ce t>Ho ffetaa^aaif 
aaH KOHa4Hor, Bail iieW«ra ^tpyror, Bek y tom ^(pyroiil. 
y 90M R4$fiiarifN>iif na-^asH cimio - ce6e. 3a npamep 
faROV'0M^» MOiKeno yj^TH aauie — I'rt. --* 

5^ ^A^ ^rt oeSe, rpeSa paaa»ffOBat^ ob*> : a} aS^^ 
inji¥^ tedmtdreo. Ka^ (Jithe ^a«e6e wcitaayte Henoepe/^H» 
H iieraTHBitH o^HOuiai iipeua ccCm HK^^y Spyeoi^t %m& 
CTOiH camo npema cetJH, to 0414a oho mopa 6hth y 
ie^HHiiH ca C060M, Mopa 6hth ieduuui^oM hah aesHM 
Taimif, iiiTO^ ie 6e9pa3;iiiH«i» no oe5tf, urro nayaHMa 
cBe^ ifrro* ie APy^^* Taitav ie novA^fl, Ha 6e9yr;ioBuo 
i8f»A K«eaTc«e iiiKo^e h y 4ai0HitK(ii o Bory, wao b^^- 
MOBiiioi Hi^iiiaAii. 

6J tettAHy ,M^90o§twiy. flopnij^fto, iisyaHiiiaibe vt^'* 
fN9r>A<>BOAR A^ paajMiifOBBiMi TOP i^Bor o^ M^^^va^ 
^p)^r#t*. Hi^ TO 4ii»^«^*Nitte oit««r i^eiuTO paann^iio o^ 
iedHof^ w^%* Hiwoweftm^c msn^} lap B«im*o. cacMi^ 



^jro 6h40. 6n 6e3 yapoua^ a am CeaiiOHaHiia HeMory 
6HTif. U TdKO y nopHJAaii»y ii caMOpaa^iiKoaaiby ie4ii- 
Huqe, Giiea, TaKo pehu, ibeiHO pacna^faaaifae; A^ny- 

IilTeH>e MHOrHX ie^HUHl^^l, haul MHOSKHHe, y KOioi CIUIKO 

^pyro iecTe ie^uHHi^. Y MHo»utHK neMa HftKaKae 
CTsapHe pasaHise o^ ie^HHuii^e: MHoaKHj^a i^ (S»e3iiOHa- 
MHO pat^aii>e ie^Hunqa. TaKo ie CMaTpao o^Homai ie- 
AffHiii^a npeua mhomchhh flpoKaec. A •leBi(Hii H^eMOT 
KpHT CMarpajiH cy MHOWHHy, nao HeiiiTO o^BoiHTO o^ 
ie^HHuqe. Ta Mucao . cAymuA^ ie aa ochob ibHxoBOiii 
yneihy o axONHMa h.ih nparBapisaMa. Ty ncry Mueao 
ya^o ie Pyco aa ochob CBOra yiei^a o /^pxcaBu h 
^diCiHiiM CBora y^eita o BaceAeHoi. 

. d^ .C^eHOAUHQCT (cee), ^jmhqh(hhh CBaKO i>^wo to 
ie ^pTo niTO v dpufo ie^io^ a to aaanii^ ^ayueraTii- 
9HO]«i.PAVOUiaiy ie^HHUi^ ca/^paKii ce h iwixob .noau- 
Tiumii o^Hoiuaii T. i. 4a HMa me^y iftHsia h (Cfii^pe, no 
i(9iPii ce o^e upHA^ane ie^ia.Apyx'oi m nocivaiy ne- 
liiTO ie^HO. To ie/^ftuiCTBO MHomiuie h iecre ceeiKOAu- 
K^cT, Ta eee^^'^uKooTy Kao Jtieantia yKynwa, a ne H/^e- 
ia^Ha,, iecTe ocao«HO aa^ieao ffoMTeiucTa. 

y HCTOBeTHocTH iipHBaaHe«<»a u pacMH^HaaiM mah 
pacnapnaBaifca, .^ttAtf sa oe6^^ TaKO peliH, npecxaie h 
ia&^a ce i&ao neiuTO, iuto ie Ceapaaausiio. Ka^ xaKO 
6uhe 9u cede nocTaiie Ceapaa.iHSHO. OH^d Han^oha ix{>e- 
4a3H y Ho^uKoAy, « 

Z. KoJtHKOfiA. 

t a) NiuuHohn w ^hcto fiiiiie, a^H iweiia on^eA^"" 
AenocT ueiia yHyTpaiiiifre cii<)3a ca tfvhei^. Befc.oma ie 
itj^Ma fbeAiy ..6e3p^3«iiiHiia. y .nane^hu oope^^i^HO^^^ 
ie yseis HCToaeTHa ca ibeuHjn CHhem, raico /^a Ka^ My 
yHHfHTMMO OApe^e^beMO cboictro .cmmpu, oit^a he He- 
eiunrH-if caMe emapii^ H^u^wnknxf.n0^uHQhn ce uoHte 
MfiMbaTii, a ^ ce HenpoMeHH uHNaisao cBoicToK cT^apu* 
Ka^ ce y nMUHoi^u oC^vh naaiiMi mb no^ayiiq pa* 



iiji»Mc«lio MHOrifjc ie/|iiHifi|a. noieeacnrBiMMFiy KOJHUcohy, 
OH^si ce ^o^Hia noidiw o npoTerRjrfrt^i bbjiuhuhu. fiJV^* 
ca. n^K ^<;'lMly^JtlBO o^paTV.. «i»ii6ifca Ha re licre ieAH- 
atui^, Kao MM ^paHil^>^^ ft<MHKOi^, pha^ ce /^ofinia f'^'^ 

cTHrHe p^a«iiii^a Ha^ni^eb^ Henp^KH^aocTiii H..paaM^«iA#f-. 
Ba4?9?H, OH^a ee AoGaia poiajif o yo^«i<^tiMf« Qfipe^e^et 
aoi ii^H nf jiHHHi^ii (das Quaatum)- 

.. 6J liojkHHHH^ o^pa^e^^ena (das Quanitun) fiiHia 
cMi^a^ Ka^ ce nm^Ta Kp^H^oha jipa^cTaBii otpsiwaw^ 
VQiHr Taio^ HaiHHOM Be^M'tniia y onuire ifianace Har 
HHOre ,;»€Uir^aHe 4< .CBai«^ q^ Hihx np^iua APyi^i ii^cre 
ie^HfiGTBO, a npt^Ma /^awa aii^H. iaore i»itaiaiuiHa.>y xom 
QHJHciy ^e4M.44Mfa ie ^^fiot. Ifo Ma Kaiio mu ci«a/rpdMtt 
««^iivii«y,. Qiia ce .yseii iipe/^craaAa, . h4h icao aenpe*" 
VH4|iio ie^^HCTRo, lAJiift Kao cnyn ia;i|ii«Hi|a^ y mom one 
€TQiile ie^Ha na npai APyr e. 

«> Uo 6yA)^})H ie cpalfiHHa ota^e^i/^jbewe: mmammmmt 
HjiH B^^^mua cnoieMa ca ju^^^hhoii oaiie BejiM^Mme,. 
TO BeaHMHHa ^ raKo pehu , cKyiiJba ce caMa. y c^6e h 
nocxaie ae^H^miia uaap^eHf/ra hah crenen, y creneHy 
KOjiBKoha CTyna y cseay ca KaKBoKoM. KaKBOha i^a^ 
ie onpe^e^BeHa KoaHKoKoM, na ce cjy»cH ii>OM ^a ce6c 
noKame, oii^^a ie to jnepa, 

3. Mepa. 

», • ? .? 

3iepa ie ie^HHCTBO KaKBOhe h KOjiuKohe. Cbb 
Hiiat ^oiy Mepy. 9 y .i^panrv^aMii ' co^ie uMBp^ ^^AP~ 
iRBBa CBoiy^npMpoAj^. .,♦...•• 

0) G noHerifB KanBOiia « KO^HitaKa nppA^^&tt* 
jiaiy <>B y. tfeipocpeAaoi c^esif ie^Ha^' e'Apyroiii ; ry-ce 
•ue peiio SfH' vy6e itt^HB' y* ^pyr^l : ' MfHsohst rkpit^a 
uace .Kaipi^Krrep '6e3paajvfi«iif6 -noANtiote ; a noAHt^lftst 
wapaicr^p OHpeAaibeHiii nait^olie.' Tc^ ^^' einaHfa ira 
OHttnf Bpe^M9^frHm» »a «[me ie ^6ftfn 4rji^ i^^S^ peko'Cii 



caeie^liio. .TftKiL i!^y CBH upe^uevu. urro japHii9A^i>y 
upifpo^H HeopramtHKiMi. 

'^y Ho 06e eaenfeHTa-RdKBoKa h iio.utRoto HCKa- 
ayiy cimfi eo6o«i' n csoiy paQ««HHy M.MOfy ce raico 
pelMi o^^^MTif ie^fio o^ ^pyror. C ndHeTTKa KaiiBolira 
ctMfptf ifOitadyie'ce paBHcv^yuiHa npewia npomeHM irpa- 
iffifi^e y ROjiiiRotiH , HO 'Tft paBHO/^ytiiiiOCT oflwa npe- 
(*Taie, RaRo ce npeRopa^iH HSBecna jnepa. npe^amiba 
ROttBoha noc^eoeHO, h^r n^ie^aimyT np«^Mii y APyi'y* 
Tai«o^ HaiipHwep, e^JHUJta apna, Mavio^nonajio upecraKe 
S«»rH ^ommAa^ a«o mr oraireiio f^yro OAyamiiaTR 'ieA^o 
no ie^ffo dp«a. ^aHjie RaRBoKa cTsapR o6AP»»aira ee 

R3Bec1lOlR ffceROU ROJtHKOhOM. a RBRO CB T^ fttepB Ttpe*^ 

Ropa*iR , oitpfi crBap a^h^^ APy(*y itdRBohy » tbro 
MOfie HhH AO 663RORia4HOCTH. 3a npHMep raRor Rpe- 

T^H»Si'JHBp9 ^O KBBROHa«1»OCTH , niOBCemO naBeCTR BJf9 

TcfHoea ; ohh ce mory 6e3RORai«o noBHiiiaBa'TH mA« 
noH«sa««TH, cawo |iro ce tfy^e yMH^BiaBao ii.ih yiua- 
jbwmo\6^i noTpeca, roui iipo«»BOAe aayROBe. * 

y BH^y xaKe Mepe — y aCco^yTHOw sHanaiy 
npe^CTaB^ao ie cefn cbo Cnlie IIIe.iHHr. Oh ie mh- 
cjitr). A^ ce CTBapH pasjiHKyiy iwefey co(Jom no ko^h- 
Hol^H, si He kaRBO^H, nai ie c rora cniaTpao Bace.ieHy? 
Kao paBHOTemy ^yxoBne h MarepHia^iHe CTpane. 

B. CyuiTHHa. 

CyuiTiMia d^ysHHB qpe^iHHy meby tinheiii » noii 
MOM H cjiyaiH aa npejiaa ie^HO ^j^yti^u, ^o ca^ ewa 
BHA^uit, l\dL .ie |?iihe.c»e ieAHBRO npejaaiijio y paaue 
o^paAeji»eHOCTH,.R(ai^ cy HaysuNatie ie^Ha ftfij^y- ,^^ 
y M^p^ 9 y PBiirA^i|i«r0M ie^HHCVBy noHoiB ca co6o.« 
caiw^quii, cpe re oupRA^^^^MOerit^ jioie cy nopvi^aae oii«' 
iUiTe 6h|^7 H4MiOB0^ce DopHiy « xaRO peiH ry^e.ce 
y 011^^ l^jui. Q^^a^^ y Heiurro tbro^ mro ie yaeK 



xEr««o«r • »iiiioao««iiE. mm 

ie^j^mm^o. l?e innx) ie yaeic iis^^iio iipos cto'iipmiaKe^ 
Kpas CMS' i«p,pc^;^eA««ocTH h i&cre eymrnunm. T^mmm 
iiaHHHOM cffuiTuna ie BHirie o^ iHCTor , •fienocp«A<K>c 
5fiha, iep ca^pMH y eefa noBe.onpe/^e^eitocTH^ noie 
cy aopMi^aJiB ontuTe ^HKe n nopu^aa^e /ms.. caniii^^ 
aflpe^ejb^MOCTH. FaaBna ie pa3«tHMi'H3tieiby oymtuHg 
H tfM^« xa. lUTO cyuiTHHa HOCH y ce6H> M neiam. o^r 
HOusAta H p««4eNca, t. I. mho^w ce. TaNO, Kano ona 
<cvoiit- npema Henewy /ipyrOM » K9^a ce ortie/^a y wm 
Vipy^oti* ^H<^e cyiuTHHa ie 6Hhe, Koie c« cawo y ii«i/^ 
i^r^e^ci' CymmMft WMa rpa cven^^d : 1. ojfwwUH^, h0P 
ocHoe cymrecTBfhBmba/ 2. figuiTuna^ u<iQ nmne; f-^ffm- 

1. CyiHTHHA KAO OCHOB CyinTECTBOBAIIiA. ' 

Ha Tora, usro cmo ^ ca^ o 6H\ty xaaaviH, itof^^n 
ce ^ cyiJiTiiaa HaaasH h3 (Hha ; no y cyiuTHHa^ (hthe, 
iiocpe^^cTBOM iio(>Hqaii>a ce^, spafaa ce^ Tano peKit. 
eaMio <'e6H. noTHMie cymxHHa miie rtHuira ^pyro, Hero 
o^HOiuai 6afca k cefin y tou CAnMCtiy^ iuto TaLo^MOi- 
JiJdi K re6a ieere y imro apem^ h o/^tiouial k ;ipy- 
roiie. ^eaiio 11ITO ie rai o^^tiouiai nenocpe/^an . iep ra 
jioaame caina oyuiTHHa. Biihe ^pea csoiy ^?^jrijuieK» 
THKy^ T. i. y CBOMB paaBHTity, rj^fia ^ey Heneiiy APy^ 
roH, H0 ti uenocToiH ^P^y^^iHie , aelt vao eyiuriiH*, 
»oia ie napa? .oA»oui0ia k celSH camoi. I|:i. toi^ o« 
Bii>^ii ^.-Aa ^he, no cvaioi ieAaocrpaHoerM, t. i. n<i 
cuoioi HesocpeAHOCTH, ao-*^^*' y '(9'''^r(»p»iR. cyiuvnwe 
4J^o Ne^era 9 uif o ra nopn^ie^ t. i. Aoaasii ao ^Mim^a. 
^pyrHii pe*iMa : $yAyKi|[ A^ neaocpe^ocT Sfihf^ He- 
MQiKe 6ht« npaBVM noiwoM h eauio no retfa Hpejaaii 
y noiaM cyniTane^ hau yoA«oi|iai. k ceCfi caMon;. to 
3Ha«iH, Aft caua-HenocpeAuocT aaie HHu|va aHiiie«ero 
naiafi^ HeniTP^ HararHHiiO; ape^ia eyiut«HK» ^'^•la cyiu- 
armia ie (fahe, 'cawo mxo to Satie ^hhi^ :BNiii4t.4iefiO: 



■•xo- OHO ieexe , Keno ce orjve^a y< /f^yroMe «- 0^11 
^jTOfa y ceCn. 1 . ... 

FoBopetiH o cyiuTHRH^ Naifsa ie ona caraa y cetfir, 
X'era naxo^i^ y moi-cjie^eke Moweifre n^a creireHe-: 
n) aerveenwor hjm- orae^aihe eetfe y cbCh; tf) poj- 
jiunuhf 0) 0VH09, 

' o^ CyuiTiiwa, Cyflyha caiwa c(»6h pftaiia y pasHo 
crM noiaaa', c no*i€TKa ce notiaayie Kao o^»iy*irta h^- 
h:t>aeTHOCT cBniy c^'sapa. 4p^^^k ^*® "^^^ ie^HOcrpa- 
ifor noma o HCTOBeTHocTH, MHora MHCAe /^a ie eyui- 
Tftfia Eomaia afiooayTaa HCTOBerHocT. 

6) Ho TO ie caiwo o^^yma hjih 4>opMa;iHa hcto- 
BeriiocT. A 6y/^yhii ^a npaBC HCTOBexHOcxH y cyiu- 
THHH itOHie 6hth caMO up cpe^vcTBOM , He^era ^pjror, 
lUTO ie H3y3HMa : to SHa'iH, ^a ona HMa y ceCa hciuto 
y Htmy ce orae^a, Hufa neHCTOB€T«oiCT , hah pasau- 
HVi€l Ho TO pna^u^uie iieynocH ce y cyniTHMy o^ ae- 
ay^ ca cxpaiie ; cyiuTHaa ie to . iiito cawo ceCe y 
ceSa pa3jinKyie> To pa3.«ii*iaie, Koie yBea CToia y 
npocTOTH cyiJiTifHe. nopa^a ibeiio yHyTpamfee upo- 
THBOcaoB^&e, Koie oaa xohe ^a no6e^a. OoTOwe paa- 
iioeTif, Moie re Na^taae y cyjuTaaa aacy iieiiixo cawo- 
cTaaao, iiito Heaasaca ie^iio o^ ^pyrora. aeh h^hxob 
ie o^aoiuai cacauM ^pyrHHia-: caaaa Ta paaaocT ae- 
MOSKO ce o^aocara k ceCa, a /^a <?e y hcto apeMe- ae- 
o,^aocM a /ipyrowe. Ka^ ie taro, oa/^a cyiu^recTBeaa 
paaaaaa, ieere pastiaa'a ae^era , - iuto oaMO no oe6a 
Tffrie pa3««Hfao a ittTo npe^cTaa^ia HCToaeraO€*i (aatip. 
^^aa* noayca. ^Hh eaeaTpat^HTera). TaaHM aa^anoM 
cytuTaaa" ce onpe^ej^aaa . 'aao BeiUTO mro c?e _oa- 
awa CdMO K ceflh . ifiTo* aoca y 'ceC* ie^af) a ApyfO,. 
ce6e M'^^pyro. C Taia ortpeA<iajea;eM uiTa ie cyiuTBHa 
y c^$a, ^^oSaia'ce ro, uitomh aOBewo dirwdw. 

«r; €V#«#>^' (Oniild) Bwie aaittra ^pyro ; aero 'ie- 
^^ftaeiTBO ' MCToW^aoci^ a pa3;4at«^.' y otaoay O^e 



ti({otHi^n6 jid»iKOCTH cacraf^^baiy i^etinny (Totatitll()f'; 
noTOMe iuto ochob Kwie HHuira APy^^ j Herd oho*, 
niTO Oh iecre y onoMe , ilito ce na ttemy ocHffBa • 

OCHOB HeCTOlH OV^BOiwTO M, TdKO peliH, 3a Jl^H^^ O- 

Hora, iiiTO ce na fteniy ocHHBa. Ty i^e.iHHy, /^o Koie 
;^ojia»H OCHOB, Momemo HaasaTU <^^ufreer«o«AMe^ (Exi- 
stens). Ta HCTOBeniocr ocHOBa h oHora, iuto ce ha 
ti>eMy ocHHBa , 6Haa ie ooHOBiia lUHcao ko^ Neon An* 
TomtKa, Kn6aAucrn n ^fiujiona, 

6) CytuTecT to Bathe, 

Cy^tnetTBo^afhe to ie Meno)q^/v*<<^ ie^HBOTBO ltd- 
Meby OHora, iuto ce or«ie;^a y ce^H h niiopa, lurace 
orae^^a y /^pyrome ^). Ilo^ HMeHOM cyiUTecTjiloBaiba 
Tpe6a paayMCTH yHynHocr cauiy cxBapii, 04 rouix cy 
HBRe caMocTa.iHe h HeaaBifce ie^Na o^ APy^ 9 * 
^pyre cy aasHCHe h ^oSniaiy cboi mkbot ca cTpane. 
Cse HiTo nocToiH to, h.ih ie ocrob, H.tii ie oho ihto 
ce na ifcewy ocHHRa. 

0) Crsnp, 

Cae iuto cyiirrecTByie no ce6tt HMa y cefJw 11 
cBoi OCHOB , a TO iuto ce na H>eiiiy ocRHBa iecTe 
CTBap : lep cTaap ie no^nynn pasBHTaK caniy cboihx 
ocHoaa H cyiMTecTBOBaif>a. Mr oChmho roBopHmo, ^a 
H3BecHa cBoicTBa CTBapR npoHCTu^iy hs AeHor oc- 
Hoaa ; ho Sy^^yhw 6h CTBap 6e3 CBoiiix caoicTaa npe- 
cTa.ia 6hth to uito ie h npeoCpRTRjid fin ce y rteuito, 
iuTo ie npa3Ho, (?e3 'ca^pstcHiiH : to h oCpaTHO moaceiwo 
peliH, e^a cy CBoicTaa cTBa^RH'fbeiiH ochobh. Tat^B 
pe4 ocHoaa, Koiw y no^iiyn^i i^ejilfHH cBoioi npoifs- 
Bo^^e cyiu*recTBOBaii»e npe;^>ieTa h^h cTsapR, aoaV ce 
ycAoeu. Kk^ cy cbh j'c;ioBii, OR^^'a ce npe^nieT ocTBd- 



*) Encicl. $, 150. 



pana^ ;P<Ho HeaiTO, juto ,ie jcaoa/beHO, ft y canoi 
QT»apti npe^Max cam ^o•l^HiQ cee re y.c.ioae. Wo^^^^Mi 
K aiio je cTsap, Kao mxo. eeaa KaHT, Heuiro jj c^6h, 
OHa HjiaK iecre ca«io to . jiito ie no vapaay caor;at 
o^Houiaia npc^Ma /^pynnt cxaapitta; juto !(;; no cBoioi 
caean c ftHMa. Mh ropopuitio cTaap hih^. paoiy i£au- 
Bohy, T. i. luia xaice onpe4t^.fceiiocTH , ,npKoiMua ona 
Heocxaie Heiiixo aasaieHo y ceCn, aeK ce o/jhoch h 
Heneiwy ^^pyrome. HaKpaxKO : cxaap ie i^ejUHd,, ifan 
ie/\HHcxBO ocHosa h cymxecTBOBaH>a , u^ii o^Hoiiiaia 
K ceCii M o^Homaie k iie^ieiwy ^pyrowe. Jlo cBome 
o^HOifiaiy k He^iewy ^pyrowe, cxaap Hnia y ce(jH paa- 
HQCTM^ no KoiiiMa OM a nocxaie KoiiKperva h.ih onpe- 
•^«jbeHa ernap. 

Henocpe/^HO ie^HHCXBO cyiiixecTBOBarba to ia 
Martpnia , Hoia y TOMe MHciy yaera Mopa 6hth pa* 
SHO/^ynifla npeiia ceaKOM onpe/^ejbeiby , Han ^pyruM 
pe*iiiia; cbh mr^oBii MaTepme, h3 koIhx ce caexaBJba 
cTsap , npe^cxaajbaiy ie/\Hy HCTy maxepMiy. PaaHe 
onpe/^ejbeiiocTM h o^iiomai [f>H\oB Mel^y co^om , isoie 
OHe UAtaiy y cxaapH , cxoie xano pehe npoxNa iwaxe- 
paie H o^Boinxo o^ ibe. Te onpe^ejbCHOcxH h cacxa- 
j^jbdiy ^opwy. Heonpe^ejbeBa , CeaKoua^iHa MaxepHia 
iecx^ xo Hcxo, laxo h cxaap y ccCh. cawo mx.o OBa 
iioc^e/^ii>a iecxe ueiiixo o^jyiHo^ 6e3 caeae ca ohm^i 
^uxo nocxoiH cxaapiio , a MaxepHia hmb Mecxa Kao 
HeiuTO nocxoiehe He cawo npeua ce6H, ho h npema 
4pyro.ne, npewa *opMH. ^'') C xora hhxm no^ie 6hxh 
ca»|ocxajiHe Maxepaie, ti^BoiHxe o^ .^opwe,. hhxh ♦op- 
ne ^e3 waxepMie. Ho cxaap. npa caew tom , Kao i^e- 
•uiHa, uao no^^iyuH ji^paa MaxepHie a <»opMe. hoch y 
ceCi^ npoTHBor.iOB^e. C ie^ae cxpaae . no <:bom 
HeraxHBHOM ie^^HHciBy, cxBap ie 4>opMd, y Koioi 
ie AtaxepKia onpe^eubena h CBe/^eua ua cxeneu 



*') Encicl. §. i5t. 



cBoicTjBa; c ^pyre oner erpaue, ra woTa CTsap ca- 
craBjbena ie u9 MaTepaie h raKO peKn. yTeMejbasa Oe 
na MaT^pmif , Roia , no CH.itt o/^nouiaia CTBapH 
npeMa ce^H camoi, Mopa 6iith h caMOcrajiHa h ueca- 
MOcTaaHa, T. i. Mopa 6hth npoMeH^bHsa. MaTepnia h 
CBoicraa to jTspbyiy ce y CTBapu , to nopMny ce. 
Ha ocHOBy Tor npoTUByc^OBJba, cxsap ie xako ^Hhe, 
Koie Henocpe^HO norspbyie h nopHse ce6e, k^m ^fy- 
rHM pc^Hiia : CTsap ie noiae. 

Ha norpeiunor cxBaKaua o/\iiouiaia Haueby no-> 
pnt^aiba h DOTBp^HBa»a MaTepiiie y cTBapH, npnsHaTO 
ie y €>H3HKH ie/^Ho cBoicTBO MarepHie, Kora ona Heua, 
a TO ie : utgnAUKaeoor (Porasitas). 

2. n O i A B. 

GyuiTHHa Mopa ce lasjhaTH ; owa HeMowe ocTarii 
Ha TOMe 5 /^a ce cania y ce^n orae^a (Reflexion in 
sich). To laBJbaibe cyiiiTHne Hcuaayie ce y tomc, 
iiiTO OHO HaH3MeHi^e nopHse to ie/^ny, to APy^y CBoiy 
cTpany : to cBoiy oja^Ay-^^wy HCi'OBeTHOCT, to pasHOBH/^- 
npcT cBoie ^opme, ^aeaiyhH hm HansMeHne RapdKTep 
nenocpe/^HOCTH 5 cdMOCTajiHOCTH. Ka^ ^aKae ie^na 
HCTa CBap TO noTBphyie 5 to noprine ie^ny ua woiy 
cBoiy cTpany — uaTepHiy hjih *opMy h npu/^aie wa- 
fl[3Mejii;e TO iej^Hoi, to f^^yroi itapaRTep camocTaji- 
HOCTH. H Ra^ Tai npe.ia3 MaTepHie y *opMy h 4>opMe 
y Marepniy iecre to, iuto ce 30Be iaBjbaibe : on^^a 
BHa^H, ^a cyuiTfitna HeHaviaan ^e H3Ban noiasa , Hero 
ie ona y Towe camoM noiaBy. 

IIpeM^a ie y noiasy caMa cyiuTHHa , oneT sbto 
noiae Hema y ceSn cantOM CBora Haneaa , Befe ie to 
HBMejio y HeneMy ^pyrom. ^anjie noias HHie to hcto, 
lUTO H npH3paR, ceHKa^ IIoiaB ie ripaaa Hendcpe^HOCT 
Cuha , c Hoier oh cRH^a npuBir^Hy caMoeraanocT h 
C0O/|H na CTcneH npocre cyuiTHHe. 

raacHHK XVII. 14 



210 KPATKH nP£rJI£A 

IUto noiaa «iMa xapaiiT^p Henocpe^HOcm h peiso 
Ch uecToiH HH npeMa neMy /^pyroM, to ie ^^eAO Sea- 
KouaMHe (aarocTH, Koia noieAHRHM MomeKrHMa caora 
pe4»jieKca hjh caMOor^e^aaa, ^a ie MoryhHOcr cyui- 
TecTBoaaTH iienocpe/^HO h ocefiaTH pa^ocT fiaha. Ho 
6y Ay^H ie Saarocr ^ejio GyuiTiiite , a cyinTHna ^j^h 
Ha eefia noiaae, to ie ON^a Toi cyuiTiiHu. ochm 6^a<* 
r OCT If, CBoicTBeHO H MoryhcTBO na^ noiaBHMa. Hano- 
c.ie^Ky ifcoi ie CBoicTaeHa ioui if npaa^a, iep hha ce 
ro^ ^oro^^H isaxaB npeapaT y noiasHMa 9 oiia jaeii 
noKaayie, 4a cy to cbmo noiaaa, a «e iuto Henocpe- 
4HO7 caMOCTa.iHO. 

KauT ie npaif o6paTHO naaKiby na 3iia4ai noiasa 
H ioiu BHTue noKaaao paaaHKe Hsmeby €>Hjioco«OKor 
H ofiHHiior nor.ie^a na iioiase. Ho oh ie y Towe OTao 
Ha nojia nyTa , CMaTpaiyhn noiase oa oySieKTHSHor 
rwie^uiiiTa h paayMesaiyliii t?yjjiTHify noA aineHOM 
nCT€ap y ce€u^^ bbh noiaaa. Ory^a ie ko^ H>era npo- 
Haaui^o /^BoicTBO (^ya.iuaaM). C ie^ne cTpane yM- 
cTBeHOCT, a c Apyre uyBcxBeHOCT ; c ie^^ne cTpaiie 
Bor, a c APyr^ cser. HpucTaiyhH ya KaHra. v\^ no* 
iaBHMa (^eHOMeHHMa) HHie CBoicxBeHa pea^HOct, h.«h 
caMOCTajHfi 3HaMai , Xera ^o^aie , /^^ nope^ csera 
TOra, cyiuTWHa acuaayie ce h noauaie caMo y noia- 
BHMa H A9k ie noiaa Heo6xo^uo cboictbo cyuiTHne. 

HoiaB uMa TpH cacTaBHa /^eaa^ a) oh npe^CTa- 
Bjba i^eaHHy caera iuto mh bh^iimo, i^eo caeT. Ho ^y« 
/^yha ^a CBe to . ihto mh bh^hmo Mopa HiiaTH caoi 
ocHOB : TO &) OTy^a nocToiy , Taao pehH , ^aa 
CBeTB : ie^an cseT cno;bHMX noiaaa^ — APy*^ yHyTpa- 
Hfibe •i-opMe aauoHa noiasa. 9) ^a^e tb ^aa caera 
crynaiy y o^Honiai, no ch.ih Kora Hcisaayie ce h.h- 
xoaa HCToaeTHocT. 

a) Ceer nqiaea, Hoiaa hmb CBoiy camocTa.iHOCT ; 
OH ie canto ie^an MOMeuT ^-opme, Koia npHMa y ce6e 
MBTepHiy J Kao ie^ay o^ csoiax onpe/^ejbeHOCTH , bo 



xErAOBK «HAOco«iiie. Sll 

H va ocHO0Ha <^opMa Taitobe ie HSsecHa onpe^ejbe- 
HOCT9 raKo ^Si noiaB imie HHtuTa ^pyro, Hero nenpe- 
KN^HO, 5eaKoaaHHO nocpe/^oaau>e HSMe^y.ryiixTecTiio- 
eaiba, Koie awa onpe^ejbeHy ^oputy n cyuiTecTBO- 
aaiba ^ itoie HeaanHCH o^ <&opMe. Caa 0611M TaKHx 
uoiaaa cacraajba co$om oaai bh^iimh KoiiaHiiH caeT, 
y fsoM ce craapH ysaiMHO ie^iia y ^pyroi orae^aiy. 

^J CadpMcai u ^opjua. Ha Tora, ijito cmo BMiite 
Ka3a.iH , BH^H ce , ^a cacrao oBor bh^hmOf eseTa. 
Kora ce ^^e^OBit ie/^aH y ^^pyroM or-se^aiy, iecre ne- 
•iHHa no^ayuo aaapiueHa, a o^aoiuai iben rfpeitia ce(^H 
caMoi cacraBJba ibeay ca^pHCaHy. O/^iiouiai ie «eHO« 
iteaa cacBHM onpe^ei^efl ; oh HMa <i»opMy y ce(>H ea- 
MOM H y cjbe^ Te iicTOBeTHOCTH , 4>opMa cacTBBJba y 
ifceMy cyiiiTeoTBeHy ocHoay, no^nopy. TauHM Hann- 
uoM id^opMa nocraie ca^pacHHOM^ ay pasBHTOM onpe- 
^ejbeHOH pa/^y aaaoHOM noiaBa. C Tora hhth Moxse 
6hth ca^pacHHe 6e3 <i>op]iie, hhth ^opMe 6e:) ca/^p- 
auiue. Mome ce ioui, aeaa Xer.i; o^boIhth ca^pmaaa 
04 4^opMe, roBopeha ; na npHMep.: ca^^^paiuaa Heae 
KH^are ^oSpa, ho ^opMa Hesajba ; aaM to HesaasH 
^a HH»Hra neMa ^opwe, aero ^a KibHra Heaa npaaHaHe 
«opMe , Kola 6h o^rOBapa.ia ope/^MeTy. A npaBK.iaa 
4»opMa 'Ta ie , Koia hhhh ca^^pa&HHy onaaoM Kaaa ie^ 
Ho npa CBeM tom ie/^iiux^'tHy ca^paKHae h «opMe, no- 
iaB, Kao onpe^ejbeno cyiUTecTBOaaHte, ^a ie onpe- 
wbeaocT H ic/^HOM a /^pyrOM h no Towe hx pasAHKyie 
ie^HO 04 ^pyror , na pa^a HapaBaaiba Te paa^HKe, 
^OBO^M HX fl,o isaTeropaie odnowaia ^ y aoMe o6e Te 
cTpane ^oSaiaiy onpe/^ejbeaa napaKTep. 

6) OdnowaL O^HOuiai ie onpe^e^bena , ouuith 
aapaKTep caaaor noiaaa. HaiuTa, HecymTecTayie caMO 
no ceCa , o/^.ivhho , aeh cyuiTecTByie y o^Homaiy 
npeMa aeneMy /^pyrowe a Caiii Tai o^aoaiai iecre, do 
pe«iMa Xer.ia , acTHHa imaaor cyiuTecTBOBatta. t. i.. 
no cwjiH TOT o^ouiaia caaao cy[iiTecTBoaa»e no«- 

14» 



212 KfATRH npfirjic^ 

craie to. uito oro iecTe. Ho cee , iuto croiw y O^- 
Homaiy, Mopa ce o^hochth He cauo r ne^teiiij APY* 
rOMe, HO H K ce6H eamOM. lIoxoMe o;?^noniai HMa cjhe* 
fl,ehe CTeneHe: ^^ 

aj Odnomai i^eAoea u n^eeo^ux^ de^oea. llpBH mf^ 
o^Hoiuaia — to ie o;^iio.iiai i^ejiora h iberoBHx ^ejiOBa. 
y TOM o^NOiiiaij ca^p^KHHa ie caiwa i^e^Hua, Koia ce 
ofi^pmaBa cboihm /^e«?io0itMa , Koiit cy ioi npoTBBno- 
•lolKRH. ^eaoBH ce pasjiHKyiy niehy co6om n CBaicR ie 
3a eeCe hciuto caMOCTaviHO : Me^yTHM , c ^pyre oner 
crpane, ^bjiobh Mory 5hth to , niTO cy caMO y hcto- 
BeTOBeTHOM o^HOJiiaiy ie^an ^pyroMe, h.ih y cacTasy 
CBoie i;e4HHe, a Taie i^e^Hua HeiUTo npoTHBnojioHfHO 
^eaOBUMa, HemTo uito hx nopHse. 

TaKHM HaHHHOM y o/^Homaiy ne.iora h iberOBHx: 
^CiioBa na^asH ce npoTHBOCjiOBjbe, a to noRaayie ^a 
Tai o^Houiai HHie npasH, t. i. ^a y CTSBpH nme to, 
UITO ce nowaayie ^aie y h^cih. IIo H^ein i^ejio ie to, 
urro iriiia cBoie ^idAOBe^ ho na^ mh y CTsapH xotiento 
/^a uoKaMeMo Te ^eaoae,- OH^a yHHiuTHMO i^e^o. 3a 
npHMep ^a ysMewo car : to ie hcuito i^e^io , iep hmb 
y ce^H UHoro /^e^OBa, ho na^ urn y CTsapH noKaHfieMO 
Te ^e^oBe, t. i. o^BoiRMO CBaKH aa ceCe, OH/^a neiNa 
BHuie cnra^ i^e.iora BecTaie. 

^a 6h ce HaNHpHJia ra npoTHBHOOT. o^Hoiuai M^^^e 
^ajbe H laB^a ce y ^pyroi bhuioi ^-opniH. HapasHO h 
Tai o^HOuiai Moaiie 6hth HeHCTHHHT , aan ueHCTHHRTO 
HHie TO, IUTO HenocToin , Beh to uito Heo^roBapa 
CBoioi H^eiH, CBoioi npnpo^H h noTome hoch y ceCit 
aaMCTan yHHiuTOiba. 

6) Odnowai cuab u fteuoa noiaejLueafha* 

KaTeropHia o^iiouiaia ne ncHaayie ce caa y o^- 
Houiaiy i^ejior h iberoBnx ^ejiOBa, Befe oHa npejiasit 
Ha BHiuH cveneH, a to ie : o^nouiai cif.ie h ibeHor 



AMaBJ^iiBaHia. y ten Q^uomaAy^ i^eAo ocTate h npH- 
cpoiHM npaBHM ^eaoBHMa h ofipavHO ^baobh cToie h 
npH cBoioi npaaoi v^eAHHH. Ko^ ctM^ caaKa To*iKa 
MOCH y ce6H KapaiSTep i^e«iora h y tom i^e^ioni otf^p^ 
aKaaa csoiy paaaHKy. Cti«i/i nopHse cBoie Guhe y cetfu 
pa^H A^yrov 6iiha, t. i. pa^u ouora, uito ce noias- 
jiryie; a to AJfyvo CHhe, to iuto ce noiaB^yie, no- 
pii^e oner y ceCn CBoie 6Hhe paA^ caae. Ta ^sa 
aKTa CBauor TpeuyTKa cnoieHa cy y ch^ih, a noTOJue 
ie ttoi, uao Kpyry» cBoicTseHa 6e3uouaiHOCT, nopas* 
«aH>Q c OAHOiuaiem qeaora h iberOBHx /^ejiosa. 

Ho H o^Hoiuai CH.ie a fbeuor noiaB,f>HBaiba Ta- 
Kobe ie orpaHH*ieH^ npeMAa y ^pyroM CMMC^y, a He y 
ouoM, y KOM ie orpaint^en o/^Hoiuai uejiora u Ae.iOBa. 
T9 orpauHieHocT o^Homaia ciue h B»eiior iioiaB./fia- 
BaH>a BOKa3yie ce y TOMe , iuto cuaa Tpamn iio0y- 
b^eiba 3a CBoiy pa^ii^y ca cTpane, sau ce5e (ria np. 
marHexHsaM xpaHSH rBomb^? uoie HMa caoia CBoicTisa 
Kao: TencHHy, 6oiy H T. 4. .Koia cy paBHO^iuna iipeMa 
wariieTHdMy). Ho Toi orpaHHHefiocTa cuae h fbenor 
noiaBAiiBaii>a Bory HeAOJiBKyie npe^MBaT Tuise caae. 
Cuaa ie HH»ie u^eaH, Koia caMa ce6e ojipeAevbaea. C 
Tora ce H roBopti ciua ie caeaa Caenoha ibeHa no* 
Kaay ce y Toi pa3.tHKu Hsiiieby noiasjbHBdAa cnae h 
ibeuor no6ybeii>a ; OHa ueaa y ce6ti noSybeiba, hhth 
3ua 3a a>era, c Tora ie caena ^*). 

06h*iho ce roBopji , ^a ce He3Ha uixa ie CHaa 
Beh 3iia ce utxa ie ifceuo^eicTBO) ifceno ooiaBj^HBaaie ; 
HO TO ie uorpeiuRO , iep CHae h Henia saii CBora 
^evcTBa uan noiaajbUBaiba. Cbmb cuaa unie ueuiTo 
HeH3BeGHo, aeh HOHSBecHo ie ie^HCTBO H>eHe caAp- 
BftHHe, Koia no caoioi orpaHaHeuocTa ^o6H\a onpe- 
Ae«^b^HOCT ca CTpaue ^^). Caaa ie Taaa i^eaaHaj ku^ 



*) Knciel. §. 136. 
^^) Encici. §, UK. 



IT4 RFATKM nvi^rAEfl, 

toi ie CBoicTBeH neraTimNH o^noniai npeMB cetfir caikoi, 
H.1H Koiot ie CBoicTseHO noiaBA»HBa8»e noMohy o^Ba- 
iaiba, pacKH^aBarba ce6e came Hriii rora. iiiro cey iboi 
HaaasH. Ho 6yfl,yyin ,^a or-ie^aibe ce^e y cefiH cbmom 
(Reflexion in sich) iecxe y kcto Bpeme ii orJie^aifce y 
T^pyroMe (Reflexion in anderes), to noiaB^^iiBaifce HHie 
iiifiuTa ^pyro Hero cpe^ftH TepMHH, nocpe/^cTeoM Kora 
eH.ia liocrale ch^om. HieiiHni noiaBjbHsaibeM nopnie 
ce ^^BolHHa crpana, t. i. npH^aie ce ie^nHCTBO ibenoi 
ca^pmHHH. TartHM HaMiiHOM o^iiomai cii.ie h KeHor 
noiaBji>HBaH>a yaBHinasa ce na CTenen ynyrpawihee h 

6) SHyrpawthocT — to ie orjie^an>e ceCe y ce6H5 
a cno^auifhocT — to ie orae^aibe ce5e y ^pyrowe. 
4aK.ie o6e Te cTpaHe iecy ie^no hcto ; h>hxcbo ie- 
^^HHCTBO HCKa3yie ce y uperaiby caiwe cHjie, nao ie- 
^HHCTBy or^e^auia y cefiH h y ^^pyrome. OTy^a ^o- 
ABn^m npBO TO : ^a cnojhatuthocr no ca^psKKHH cBoioi 
lecTe TO HCTO5 JUTO h ynyrpawH^ocT^ ^a noias Hnia y 
cetfn caMO to, uito nwa y cyuiTHHH h ^a y cyuiTHHH 
nema HHiuTa iuto ce He6H HCRanaao y noiaBy. ^Pyo, 
;^a ie Ta npoTHsno^iomHOCT mefey H>HMa cawo y cmh- 
c*iy o^aynaBaifca HCTOBeTHOCTH h pa3.iHKe, a y cawoi 
CTBapH ynyrpaw^e h cnoj^amtbe — to cy iwomeHTti ie- 
he MCTe *op]iie it nOToiwe wa/^ mii HeuiTO npHdriamo 
3a yHyrpmafbe . oho ee o^iua npeTBopu y cno4>auiii>e 
H o6paTHo. ^eTe ie pasyniHO caiuo yHyTpauiibe, 
t. i. no MoryliMocTif : ^^aujie oho ie pacyMHO cno- 
Akomne. Oho pa^H iuto ie Heo(Jxo/^Ho , Hepaayme- 
^aiyliif CMHc.ia Toria ueto pa^H. aeh o(?aBeuiTaB a 
ce o TOMe o^ ;^pyrHx , ^^aK.ne cno.*a. Ka;^ ce Te o;^- 
.lyMHocTH yHyTpauifber h cnoj^auifber yHRiuTaBaiy 
npe.iasoM ie^^^Hor y ;^py^OJ to cy one oH^a y caoioi 
o^e.iHTOCTH caMo ceHKa cyuiTHHe , a y caiwoi craapH 
H>HxoBH ie ca/^psKHHa cawa H>HxoBa mctobcthoct h npw- 
tom hctobcthoct Henocpe^Ha. Taica HCTOseTHOCT yny- 



xi:r««OBC <i'H.«oco«iiiE. CIS 

Tpatiobar h onoAdttiifcer iecre to, uito ce aoee dei^ 
eT0UTe4HocT, T, i. TO , lUTO y cavoi CTnapH nocToiii 
— ineHQcr. . . , 

3. 4EiCTBHTE.IH0CT HJIH IaBHOCT. 

^eicTBUTejiHocT — TO ie ie^miCTso cyiHTHae h 
noiasa , yHyTpauiiber h exioj^aiuBier. noiaBAHBaiiie 
^eicTBHTe^HocTH TaKo^e ie ^eicTBMTe.iHo h t:i ^ei- 
cTBHTejiuocT o6^pjKaBa cBoi KapaKTep , csoiy cyiii- 
THHy^ camo no^ ycjOBOM cno^Hor eyiiiTecTBOBaif»a. 
^eicTBHTeauocT h.I4i eneprHia 6H.ia ie ocHOBua Mucao 
ApucTOTeAeBe . «»iijioco«uie. 

Ilorpeiiiiio «iHHe oiih, Be.iH Xera . Koiif paa^sa- 
iaiy MHcao h ^e^o h npoTMBnoaamy ie^\MO ^pyrow, 
na roBOpe : „Ta ie h ra MHcao 40 Spa , ho oua ce 
iieMome ocTBapHTM." Ko Tawo rOBopu ca yCebeiteM 
^^a roBopu HCTHiiy, Tai iiepaayMe iih uira ie MHcao, 
HM JUTd ie ^eAO , t. i. Heana npaeor 3iiaf aia ibHxo- 
Bor. H/^eia hjih MHcao iienocToiii camo y uaiiioi r.taBit 
H npHTOM OHa HHie TaRo 6e;)CHa9Kifa, /\a onenyie caoie 
cyiuTecTBOBaibe o^ hbc , ^a.iH hei^io mh ^onycTHTM 
^a OHa cyuiTecTByie , h.ih ne. HanpoTHB, if/^eia h.ih 
MHcao Beh ie cama no ce6H CH.ia ; ona ie ^eicTBii- 
Te.iHocT. C <?^pyre oneT cTpane h tb ^^eicTBHTe^iHOCT 
ii,^eie HHie tbiso HenpiicrynHa h Hepaaynubiina 9 isao 
UITO o5hhho MHCJte HeRii npaKTut^u, 

^eicTBHTe^HOOT, KBO KOHKpeTHo ie^HHCTBO yny- 
Tpaiiifber H cHO^atuH>er paasnia y ce^H ibiixoBa cBoi* 
CTBB noie^HHi^e, ofljiynHO, ^'^OTae, /^OKJie mx Hecie^HHH 
y BHuieM cacTaBv. ^Py^***' penwa ; npeii^a ie /^eicTBii- 
reJiHOOT caiaa cyiiiTHHa, Koia ce MCKaayie y noiasHMa, 
oner saTO mh MomeMO r.ie;^aTH na yHyTpauin.y cTpany 
n>eHy, Kao na neoiTO, iuto ie camocTaaHo , o;^BO^HTO 
ie^HO o^ ^^pyrora , h tb/^b y tom npyry /^eicTBHTca- 
HOCTH, MH Ha.ia3HMo HOBe cTeneHe, noee noime, paa- 
^poC^aBaiyliM Hainpe ^eicTBHre.iHocT na ftCHe /^e* 



216 KPATKH JIPCTJIIV^ 

•lOBe, a. nocae HSpaBHaeaiyKH re paa^poCjbeae ^e- 
.lOBe Ha BHiuem irreneuy 6Hha. 

Ka^ ce yiiyTpauiifea cxpana ^eicTBiiTCinocTH y8Me 
o/^boIhto o^ cno./baiiiiLe, OH/^a ce ^o6iiia to, oito ce 
30Be MoeyhnacT. OxV/^a ce o6iacH»aBa noiaw o mory- 
Khocth^ nao Heneiii TanoM, iuto npe/^nocrasjba CBoie 
cyuiTeCTBOsaifce caiwo npii cyiiiTecTBOBaiby Henera 
^pyror. 

Ka^ ce oneT cno^aiufba cxpana ^eicTBHTe-iHOCTw 
y3Mfe o^BOiHTo o^ yHyTpamibe, OH^^a ce /^o6Hia npe^- 
CTdBa ojiyHainocTu , Kao Henera Taitor , iuto MoiKe 
611TH H He6HTH, H4H IUTO Hwie CyiUTeCTBeHO. 

Ho Cy/^yhn ^a ce cbc caynaiHOCTH yaaiwHO ochh- 
Baiy ie/^Ha Ha /^pyroi, to y caivio cTBapa newa HHiuTa 
^pyro, ocHM ie^HC ^elcTBHTe^HOCTH, Koia noKaayle 
CBoiy cyuiTHHy y noiaBHMa. Ta ynyTpauiHia CBeaa 
no/^nyHe ^eicTBHTdnocTH , uoia o^yBaTa co^oiw cbo 
pasHOBH/^HO Cnhe, Koie ce y cboihm ^^eaoBHivia npe^^- 
cTaBJba, Kao neuiTO o^eawTO \ cawocta.iHO , lecTe to, 
uiTO ce 30Be neo6xodHocT, 

Ho 6y^yhH ^a ce neo6xodnocT neryCn y TOMe, 
uiTO ce noKaayie wao ciysainocT , peh yHHuiTasa ce 
H>erOBa caMOCTa.iHOCT : to ana^m /^a o6e cTpane — 
ynyTpaiuiLa ^i cno;bauiH.a Ha.iaae ce y nepaa^e.'bHBOM 
ie^HHCTBy. Ee3KOHa4iin pe/^ caynaiHOCTH Huie HnuiTa 
4pyro Hero U3pa3 , h.ih nocTeneno ocTBapaBa»>e ie- 
^^Hor ynyTpaiuiber hctobcthof naneaa , h.ih MoryKuo- 
CTH ; a yHyTpaiiiH.a Moryhnocr HHie oiieT HHuiTa Ap^'^'^j 
nero pe^ thx ciyiaiHOCTH, Koie y3aiwHO ie^na flpyry 
ycaoB-i>aBaiy. 

HeoCxo^HO na^ie.io , i«oie hoch y ceSa cBe Te 
ciy^aiHOcrH , iecTe to uito ce soae cy6cTaui^uia^ a 

CwiyiaiHOCTH H3ry$HBIUH, UpH HOBOM cyScTaHUHia^HOM 

OAHOuiaiy , caoiy cawocTaanocT npeTBapaiy ce y to, 
UITO ce 30Be npojnena (modus). HpoMena hhtr ie 



!MTO cawocrajiHo, HeaaBHCHO; hhth mito c^j^'iaiHo, nek 
TO^ ifiTO npOH3B04if cama cy^craut^uia, 

Kb^ ^aKJie CBe npoiireHe nwcy Hiiiura /^pyro nero 
caiira eyCcTaHnwia , Koia ce y ibHMa ocTBapaBa, OH^a 
cBdRa' -ra noic.^Hiia npowcwa ^offHia bh^ cyffcTaHUHie, 
camo HenoaiiTHBHe, Beh iieraTHBiie. Oxy/^a 6HBa no- 
iai*! yspend n Mcren, O/^ thx A^^^y crpaiia, Koie ce 
fieoCxo/^HOiuliy ^OBO/^ey o^Houiai, ie/^na ie /^e^aTe-ma 
cyfJcraHUMia hjih yspOK , a Apyra ie nacHBHa m.^h 
^eicTBo. ^ 

Hs noiwa o ^eicTBy h yapoisy 6HBa lioiaM o 
yaaiiMHOM ^eicTBOBaiby. CsaKO ^eicxBO hma CBoie ^el* 
ctbO h cbbbh yapoK nwa caoi yspoK. ^hii,\e cBBKif 
yapoR y tom pe^y iecte ^eicxBO h CBaico /^eicxBo ie- 
cxe yapoij. Y pe/^y xor yaaiMiior ^eicTBOBaH>a ii 
yaaiwHe aaBHCHMOCTH cxBapw, npecxaie muxoBa ca- 
MOcxa-iHOcx, na ^aitjie h MHOHCHfia ryCcxaHi^ftia. Cbmo 
ie ie^Ha cyficTaHHifia h.ih aeaojiyruo^ Koie cboIhm ^ei- 
CTBOM nopiiMe ce6e wao cyCcxaiinwiy (x. i. y cBmnnf 
npoiweHaMa) h xhm aKxowi nopHqaiba nocxaajba ce6e. 

Ako ie /^an.ie ie/^Ha cyCcxann ia , xo ona cyui- 
xecxByie iie camo y ceCii , ho h pa^w ce6e , x. i. y 
cBCMy luxo xa cyGcxaH^Hia nocxasAa, iiao cnoie npo- 
Mene, i«ao neiuxo pa3.iii*iiio o,\ ite , ' ona inia y v^^^y 
caMO ce6e h y cBewy, ui o ie pa3,iH'iHo o^ ite, ona 
pasBHia caMo ceCe. To atia^H ^a Heofixo/^HOcx cy6- 
cxaHi^Hie npe^a3H BeJi y cjio6ody noiJta: iep noiaw ie 
xo . lUTo o($^^p?KaBa pasHOBB^Hoci* y le^HHCxBy pa.^H 
ce6e. *) 

fl o j a M. 

Ha xora iirro cmo ;\oca/\ Kaaa.iH bh/^ii cej^^a 
Xer.i no^ noxMOM nepaa^'we npoti3Bo;^ Haiuer iwrtiii- 
jbeH>a , Beh yonmre ym , Ha»ie.to cxsapaiyhe i«aKO y 



^) Enrich §. 143. 



tl9 NPATiiii nPvrAw:^ 

npe^MtrrMMa raKO m y Hana. Haaparffo: noiajt ie t^^uml 
i;e.iHHa, y aoioi caaKH MOnceHT koh iecTe h no^nyaa 
npe^cTaBHHK ibeH. Hayica o cyuiTHHu ^oiuaa ie ^o 
yaaiiNHor pa^a, y aoiie ie cae h yapoic h ^ei tbo; y 
icoioi cae noie/^HHOCTH ca^pace y ceCa HCToaerHOCT 
y i^eaoMe. 

Ho xai peay.iraT ^o icor ie /^ouiao paaBUTaa 
cyjiiTHiie MHie BHiiie CBoicraeH cyiUTHHH ; to npeaaaa 
if>eiie rpaHHi^e h cryna iia bbiuh cTeneu aora^Ke 
M/^eie. CaoicTBO KaTeropaie fiatia , h^h a^eie y H>e- 
Hoi iieno(.*pe4iiocTH , coeroia ee y tomb , iuto csaaa 
H^eHa npoMeua ^oCaia onpe^ejbeHH ^ aapaaTep , 6e3 
or.ie^aifca y ^pyroMe ; ry cae 6HBa aenocpe^HO a csa 
r^itia.ieKTHKa cacToia ce y rome, uito ie/^ao npeaaau 
y /ipj^ro. CaoicTBO npoiaeaa eyuiTHiie /vpyi^'^Hie ie : 
re npoMeae He;\o6aiaiy CBoi aapaaTep aenocpe/^ao, 
Befe Mpe3 orae^aibe y tteHeay-^pyroiiie ; 6e3 Tor orae- 
;\aBiSi y a>eMeMy ^ipyrome Hefia ce morjia cyuiTaaa 
orae^aTa hh y camoi cefiii, no'ie^ ie oiia Heuiro, ujto 
ie caitto y refiii adTBopeiio. CboIctbo noiiua h H»ero- 
BOr ^Hia.ieKTHHKor apeTaa^a hhtb ie y npeaaay le^- 
Hor y ^pyro, aao ao^ ^uAa, hmtii ie y orjie/^aiby ce6e 
y o^HOiuaiy a iieneMy ^pyrowe aao ko,^ cymruue^ Beh 
y /^eicTBHTeaHOM nocTaBJbaa>y aaa ce6e Tora, iuto ie 
y cefiif, y laoryhaocra. CyiiiTiiHH ie CBoicTBeno orae* 
;^aB»e (reflexion), a noimy ie CBoicTBen paaaaTaa *). 
Taao ie, uanp. apeTafbe ^pBera, aoie pacre iiii rsora 
ceneHB. y paaBaxRy caoMe noiam HeHaaaaa us ce^e 
H He npeaaaa y aeiUTO ^^pyro, aeli npe/^CTaBa>a ie^ay 
HCTV ca;^pmifHy, <*aMO y ^pyrom Ba;ny. IIoTOMe npa- 
^^CB (npe;^HKaT) noiMa iecre cAo6oda **) ; aa H>era 
HeiHa HuiuTa APy^j VL\t^ 6H6Hao paaaasHO o^^ ibera. To 



*) Ennel. §. 153. 
*) Eneicl. §. 159. 



mnHM v^pyrMM, sell oaniHM oo(fOM. Hajic* o noiMy ifw« 
T|Mi ;^ejia H.iH crenewa: a} noiajm cy^itHTU^nu; §)no^ 
ieM o^ieitru§Hu njtn HpedMer ; •) udeia, Kao ie^HitCTBO 
cyiJieKra h ofiieKxa, 

a) tioiaM cy&ieHTu§Hu. 

IIoA viiM MMenOM Xera paaynie to, iuto ce o^hhho 
y JlomKaiia sobc uoiaM , caiio o^boIhto o^ npe^- 
iMBTa, o^ oaApjKaia. CySieKTiiBHH noiaii ofiyxBara i^e.io 
name paayiueBaite , ofiyxeaTa TpoiaKy pa^iby Kao : 
noifiJHf pascydy saK^ynethB yma ^). 

IIpBH creneu noima iecre noiaw y tbchom cmh- 
c««y Te pe^iH, h^h aaiaM cyifiehrusHy^ ffiopMaAMU, Oh 
KMa TpH crpane mjih MomeHta: ceeonmre ^ aareCno h 
iedUHUHuo, 

Oseonmre ie hucto Cuhe, Koie yseis ctchh cawo 
flpeMa ce6H, yseK caiiio ee^H pasHO, caMO ca ca6oM 
HCTOBeTHo, apii cBHMa CBoiiiM oiipe;^e^eiiQCTHMa u no- 
ie^HHOcTHiua. OifO ie to hcto, ujto ii Name ia aaiua 
CBecT^ — -y CMucay o/^boihtom 04 csaKor ibeHOr onpe- 
^ejbeaor CTavia. IloTOMe caeonmre iie3Ha*iM to , uito 
MHomiiNa) cKyji MHorHx cfioicTsa) — y TanoM CMucay 
OHO 611 6h*«o caMO ije^Ha npaaaa o^.tysHOi^T ; ceeonmTe 
w. cyiiiTecTBeua erpaaa caera, lUToro^ muBH. Cmhcbo 
Tora cBeoHiuTer aua, uanpHMep , saKoiio^^aBHa B«iacT 
y Pycco-a (Volontc g^cneral. a iie volonte de loiis), 
HOseK M Bor y cBexy XpncTHiaHeKOM — npoTMiino- 
iAoaKMO cBCTy iasHsecKOM '^'^). , 

Uo Sy^yhH 4a c»«oniuTe HeMosKe octbth csmo 
y.cfd6vk^ HO CB04H y ce$H HeiuTO . ;ipyro k iiCToaeT- 



^') Tpe6a npHMeTiiTH, asi Xera r axo sasKc cy6ieiiTU»Hu 

noiaN, oner aaro Taj je nujan n y tipeAv^THMa h 

ne caiifu ^a jecxe , Beh n eacTas.ba ibHXOR skhbut. 

^opsia ooiMa to ie oiipAe.4>eH>e a^voAyrnoe — Boea, 

^^) EnciVl. §.161. 



iio«Tji : TO ^HA^N, A^ ^^ ^'i^ pasBHit^ y paauocFH 
HMa y ceCn iteiiiTO s€we^o. Ta aaeeSHoer , Koiy hm^ 
ofnure, monce ce o/^boihth h npoxMBei^BHTa ibeMy, Ka^ 
ce TO, uiTO ie aacefino o^eAH o^ oaora, iuto ie onr 
urre y caMoi CTBapH, OH^a 6HBa HecaoCpasHocT .iHi^a 
ca HberoBHU Ha3Ha'ieii>e.if9 aam y »HBOTy iberoBOM. 

Ho icao lUTO sacetffioe Heivia bbh onmree , hhth 
OfiiitTer BBH 3ace<SHor, to snaMH ^a oiih Mopaiy 6hth 
y ie/^HHCT.By. To ie^HHCTBO ahxobo iecTe ieduitUHHocr^ 
udueud^ajiHocr, Ka^ i^akab cseonuiTe ii saceCno ue^ 
nocToie 16^410 sau ^pyror, iiero y ie;|HHCTBy. a itH- 
xoBO ie^HHCTBO ieCTe houito i;eao. ie^HHHSHO : to ce 
oii^a Mome pehH, ^a cseonuiTe nocTHsaBa CBoiy ^ei- 

CTbHTie,IHO<3T CdMO y le/^HHHlHOCTH H y IbCMy CC CBUlO 

eie/(HPbaBa ca 9ace6HHiif. TaRo, Hanpimep , hhth Htiia 
o^Aynue ncTOBCTHOCTH i«, hhth naK Hiwa cnoeo(5»o** 
CTM, cK^iOHocTH, Hcejbe, Hao 3ace6HOCTH 5 6e3 onpe- 
^ejbeiba ie^KHH^me jiuhhoi'th. ^pyrnni pes ma : uhtr 
HMa cseonuiTe paayMue sojbe, hhth H»eHe sacefinocTtt 
Batrofia, fiea ie^HHH^iuocTH, ^/^e ce one ie/^na y flpy- 
roi orae^aiy, t. i. 6e3 dpo^case, — 

y noimy, nao HeseM Tanoiw, iuto Hiua jKMBOTa, 
CBH cy TH AfOMeHTH y ie^HO h HdJiase ce ie/^uo yAPy- 
roMe. JI^SiUAii camo ie noiitiy^ Kao hchbom ie^HHCTBy tb 

TpH MOMeHTB, CBOiCTBeHa HOHUpeTHOCT ^*). Ho y TH- 

KOM a6i oayTHOM cMHCiy KOHisperaH ie cbmo /^yx ; iep 
OH ie^an CBe npoHH4e coCom. Cae ocTa^o KOHKpeTHo 
ie caMO o^hocho. Ceeonutre^ ancedno h iedunuHuo . Ra^ 
ce y3My o^^ysHo, OH^a cy to hcto, uito uvfoeeTH^eT^ 
pasjiUKa H ooHoe. dseonTiiTe HCTOBexHO ie y tom cmh- 
o.?iy , uiTO ca^psKH y ceCn h 3ace6uo h ie^HnHiHO ; 
3ace6Ho ie pasanKa y tom cmhcjiv, iuto ie oho yie^HO 
H cBeoniiiTe n ieAHHHMHO ; Hanocae^wy ieAHHHiHo ie 



**) Eiieicl. § 10^. 



X£rjl6«IS' ^I^HMKH^HIK. SSI 

^emom y tom^ emc<xy , urro obo o6j%BaT9L y ceCit- h 

■ JJ^'pyrtt'CTenen cyAeirrHBHor /^yxa ieore fHtacff^a 
BjiVL pnaotfl^u^athe^ Y nolMy-, Rao teAHHcrey , €bh cy 
ntOMefTTH : oHuiTe, aaeeSfio h ie^HHHHHo cnoieNR imji 
c<iHbeHH. Ka;^ 6h' notaM ocrao Ha tom creneHy Caiu* 
BeHOCTH, oH^a 6h cBe 6hjio cbmo y ie^Hoi moryhKO- 
CTB/ Ho noiaiM ntne tbro HeMoKan , Be^n Xer.i , /^a 
ocrawe caiwo lipw Toiwe, na ^a €y^ paBHo/^ytiiaR npema 
cboIhm MOMenTHMa ^ Be)) oh nocvaB^a « c ie^HAaoa 
re nfOMeHxe y caiHOM ^e^y. yRyrpaiufiM^ Heofivo^HOcr, 
no ROioi ce ^e*'*^ itfO^eHTH nOiMa h xiocraBAaty i»ao 
paanocTii , naviaaH ce y wom^Hiy ieAHHRsHdcTH hjm 
HR^^HBif^yaaHOCTH. PaajiaraHte • hjih o^^eaiaibe Tora^ 
lUTO Hwa 3ace6Hor ro^ noiMa h iecre p(w^da ihaih 
pmcgiuwtthe (Urtheil) **). 

^a 6m CO MOMeHTH aoiMa MoraH npeAcraBHTJi 
e^^BOiHTO^ »a noc^e a^ ^^ ^^ uor^H oaer chouith, 
3a Toie noT^e6HO pm3cyiiH$a9^e : paacyl)HBaHie camiM 
pa^oin cBoiHui nocxaBjba MOMetfTe Kao paauooTH h 
paanocTH nao jnomeuTe. 

Xbh npe^ftieTH ca^pwe y cefia , y CBoiol hh^h^ 
BH^yaaHOCTH: ontare h ^aceffuo.. IIoTOMe RapaKxep 
pacy^HBaiba cspicTBeH ie cano csexy KOHa^iHOM. Y 
fbemyce Mome csar/ia o^eaRTR , o^boihth ^amre o^ 
aaceihioe , aanpHMep : awBOT o/| opraRitaiia , po^ oa 
■H^HBii/^yiaa. 

46o6a paey^a ko/^ Xeraa neocHHBa ce na ^aa- 
AHBaiiby HiHmoBHx BH^OBB , bbK Hd RpoTaiby csuMa pa- 
ey^e npoMa caoioi i^jut , csoiai ii/^eiH. Y tom Rpe*- 
TaH>y pacy^a Mopa xeafiMtH « TOMe, ^a cie^iiHa .i>/ii«ra, 
saceifMo H UduHUHHo, Ta TpH RiQiieHTa, ROiM Qy ce no- 
itaaaaM. o^eauTo^ ito nycBoioi o^eaMTOOTH HonaaaaH 



'^) EroicI. §. IRS. 



ZSS: KPATKM nPEra£A 

eiMOHOCT K.ie^HHCTBy. A ^a 6h mx i^aey^a npase^ui. 
Tome ie^HiiCTBy, noTpeGHO ie /^a cyCieiST, Kao HeiuTO 
uMduBudyaJiHo\ iedunuHuo noKame y caHoi «opMy.iH 
pacybtiaaiba to, uira ama y cefiii 6ntute h $ac€ifMo; a 
HpH^eB Han npe/^HRar 9 uao aeuiTO o/tutre^ no«a»e 
TO',^ lura MMa y ce6u saceffna h iedunuHuo. IIIto ro/v 
BHiue pacy/^a 6y^e paalBMiavia y cboIhm /^e^OBHMa to 
ie^HCTBO, T. i. lUTO To^ Gy^e Buute o6€jio^aii*HBa«ia 
TpoiaKO cBoicTBO cBaKOr o^ thx /^eaoBa , to he cse 
caspuieHHiH 6hth bh^ came pacy/^e , to he ohb cae 
BHiue npH^wiMHcaBaTM ce anHjhynefhy yMa ^ Kao no^- 
HyMo pasBHToi pacy^H. ^^Kjie bh/^obh pacy^e ochm- 
Bake ce na KpeTauio AoriisMe H^eie, uoia y CBOnre 
paaBHTRy noiiaayie, Tai&o peKn , caMa ce6e. TaK»x 
cToneHa y paaBHTKy aom^Ke M^eie hmb Tpn: (hihe^ 
cymruna h noiajn. IlpeMa Towe n pary^a filfhe TpoiaK ie; 
fsareropHiM fiHha o^rOBapa a) pncydn nauBohe; nare- 
ropmu oyuiTHHe o/^rosapa 6) pacy&a odMomaiaH Heo6- 
xodnocTU] KaTeropHiH noima o/^rosa «) pnct/dn noima, 

a) y KaTeropmii finha ^ornsKa H^eia np«iifa 
onpe^ejbeHOCTH nenocpe^HO, wao ^a cy one Ban fte- 
ra , na OHa caMO npeaasH o^ e^ue k ^pyroi , aanpu- 
mep: (fuhe y Humra'UeiSuhe*^ npeo y dpyeo b t. ^^. TaBa 
HCTO 6HBa H c pacy/^aMB KaKBohe: npH/\eB yTByteyte 
ce njiH nopHse y cyfiieKTy Henocpe/^HO y toi camoi 
pacy^H, HenoKaayiyhH cbmom ^-opniH pacy^e. ^a cy- 
6ieKT ;(oHCTa Hnia hjii neiwa CBoicTsa — sacetfNoe h 
ceeonmrve , a npH^ea CBoicTBa — ceeonwree h iedu- 
HUHUoe^ HenoKaayie ce hh to, ^a cy ohh cie^MibeHH 
no CBoioi cyuiTHHH y cbmom rnHBory , Man Hao iiiTO 
XertA Kance y camoi hcthhh. TaKa ie, na npHniep, pa- 
cyda : „Ta ie 6oia n.iaBa^. „to ie Teao cjia6o." 

6) y KaTeropHiH eyuiTHHe cBBKa onpe^dhaocf- 
H;^eie fiHBa y ycjhe^ o^Hoiuaia ifceHor npema sewy 
^pyroM. llo Towe h y pacy/^ama o^HOuiaia ^2i ie ce 
cyiSieKTy npH^cB caMO Ha ocHOsy H»eroBOr o/^uouiaia 



xEraOBE *Hjioco«Hi£. t23 

K ue^yeiMy /^pyroin. IIpif^eB y raKoi pacy^H noKaayie 
KHKBOtiy cyfiieKTa. a^H Me KaRBoliy Henocpe^ny, seli 
Tany, Koia ce pafea iia o^nomaia cyCieKTa k ^pyniM 
npe/^meTHMa. 

Tana e pacyda\ ^Osa ie tfttJbKa no^tesHa, jieKo- 
BHTa.** onuiTe 5 no^ i«oie ce ^obo^h ieduMUHSo , HMa 
caMO pa3aH4aii KapaKrep , a to aiia^H , ^a ie cBeaa 
Meby cySieKTOM h npii^\eBOM caiMO i^no^Ha , o/^iiocBa, 
no KOioi npif^es Mome npu^iH^HTH , a moHce He npii- 
aiiHHTH cyfiieKTy. 

^pypH BHiuH po^ pacy;^e o/^iiouiaia 6HBa oii^a, 
ua/^ ie cyfiieifiT , no aua^ato cBO^e ; pasH npH^^eBy. 
TaKHM HaMHHORi HB TOM BHuieii ci^eneHy pacy^e o/\«o- 
LLiaia, cseaa HSMe^y cyfileKTa h npn^eaa HHie o/^hoc- 
iia, Beh iieo5xo^iia. Tane pacy^e 30By ce pacyde ue- 
oCxodue. TaKO ie Ha npniuep oaa pacyda : „3jiaTO ie 
MeTa.i." 

Pacyde iieoCxo^^HocTH Tpoiane cy : KareeopuHHrn 
ycAo^na u paadejLuua, y OBoi nocjie^iboi no^nyno ce 
HCKaayiy CBa rpn luoMeHTa , t. i. ceeonuire.^ 3ace6Ho h 
ieduMUHHo, Tana ie pacyda , na npiimep , OBa : ^noieT- 

CKk npOH:lB6/\M H.IM cy JIHpHCKH , HJIH enCKH , IMH 

^^paMCKH,** Ty cy o6e CTpane HCTOBeTHe ; pad ie y 
i^ejHHH ludoea , a i^ejiHHa ie eudoea pod. Tbko ie- 
^HHCTBO ceeonmree h aaceffnoe ieCTe noiaM. h no to- 
Me ^ajbe /^oaasH pacyda noijna , h.ih Taisa pacyda , y 
Koioi cy Beh caa TpH MOmeHTa noima ieduMUHHo , aa^ 
eetUio H ceeonuire *). 

y pacydu notjna ca^pmHua ie can noiaM ^ i;eviH- 
Ha y ibeHoi ie^itu'iuoi «opMH . hjih ceeonture y no;^* 
nyHOM CBOM onpe^ejbeifcy. 

y cBMOM no*ieTKy Te Teopuie o pacy^ama , mh 
cRio BM/^eaH , /^a caapmeHCTBO hjh paaBHTBK pacyde 
aasHCH o^:^ Tora . y KBKoi ce MepK noKaaiie y H>HMa 



^) EnHH. §. 115. 



Zi^ NPATKH np£ryiC4 

ie;|aHCTBO ona vpu MOueHTa. y cyiuTHHH cbh cy ohh 
cacTaBJbaaH ie/iau noiaii h caaKu ie 04 ibHJi ca^pma- 
Bao y ce6u octajie. Taico h y caBpaeHoi pacy^H cBa- 
KH MOMCHT Mopa ca^^pucaBaTH y ce6u cae ocrajie, a 
no TOMe H ifcuxoBy yuyTpauiiby, HepacKHA.bHBy ^aeay. 

ITpBH BH^ pacy^e noiMa iecre xai, y komc npn- 
;^eB cMyjKM cy6ieKy o/^nouiaieM ancednoe n onmrejn^ 
H noKaayie H>iixoBy car^acHOCT h»ih Hecar.iaciiocr. 
TaKa ie, na npHMep, pacyda OBa: „To ie ^e.io /^o- 
6po." Ty ie noKaaar o^Homai h.ih caesa 3ace6uo8% 
HJiH dejia ca onmrujn h.im do6poM\ a.iH HHie noKaaaro no 
Meny ra caeaa o/j^Homaia ontaree h aacedMoa , Mopa 
6nTH y TOM cyCieitTy, t. i. iinie noKaaaro ^a cyCieKT 
ra^psKH y ceCn aacednocT-To deAo, TaKd pacyda aoBe 
ce: accepTopuHKojH ^ a Kao mxo y iboi CBeaa HSMeHy 
cy6ieKTa h o^Honiaia 3ace6Hoe h onmre^ HHie y npH- 
^eay Heo6xo;\iia : to ie OH/^a : pacyda npo6AejnaTUHKd. 
tlocjie^HiH bh;\ pacy/\e noima iecxe HaicaBpmeiiHia 
pacyda h caysKH npe^aaoM k ciMorHawy. y Toi pa- 
cyflM , cy6ieKTy ce Tawolje ^^\e 3ace6Ho ^ Koie ie no- 
raaBHTO cboIctbo iherOBor 6nl»a, a yie/^HO HMa yny- 
TpauiH>y CBeay ca po^oiw h cacxae^ba CBoicxeo npn- 
^esa. Taua ie pacyda cjbeAeha : ^Ta Kyha (ie/^HHHH- 
110) Ha Tai naiHH carpabeiia (po^), npeupacHa ie ^^«- 
ceduo),*^ Tana pacy/^a aose ce: anoduKTUHKOjn, 

y Toi pacy/|H cy6ieKT h npH^es ca^pace y cefia 
i;eao pacy^HBaifce. Tyce nojiaace ie^HHcrso cy6ieKTa 
H npH^esa , hjih cam noiamr , koIh ^onyibaBa co6om 
npeHauiifay npocTy eaeay, HapaBeeHy raaro.iOM ^ieeren^ 
Ka^ caaKH o^ thx MOMeaxa pacy^e , — ^ o^iiouiai aa^ 
ve6noa k o6uiTejH h iednuuHuoa k 8ace€H0M^ ^oSaie 
onpe^ejbewi paasaTafc h na^ ua xai Ha^aa CBeaano- 
CTaiie iaBHOM (^eicTBHTeaHpm) , a He ^i^opMajiaoM cae-* 
30M ie^HHHHHor ca ouiuthm nocpe^cxBOM aacefiHor, 
OH^a ce paaroaexHO noKaayiy xpH MOMeBxa: iiojua: 



XEraoBE «Haoco««iE. ££5 

^eduHUHHoi. onmre h aacBdno h sfixopa caeaa, — ;i pa^ 

Tpehn cTeneu noifia iecTe aaKA^ynefhe jf^a. 

SaK^yneiby yma (y o^Hoiuaiy) CBoicTBeHO ie ^a 
saK^'bysasa o^ noaiidror aacetSnoe MHorHx ieAHHH'iHHx 
npe/(MeTa k TdKoi aacetfuocru cBHiy thx npe^Mera k 
iMiOBOM ontureM. Ocuob tom aaKjhyuefhy yma iecTe 
uH6yKV,uia h anaAoeuia. Ho nano Tai ocuob Hide yseis 
curypaH , — npHSnaie 3a ontare niHOSKHHy, — to h 
aaiCi/byMeibe ynia CBeaa ie^HHHHHor ca ohiuthm Huie 
cacBHM no^nyfia. 

IIpaBO as^K^ynei&e yua jecre saKJbyieibe Heo6-i 
xo^HOCTH. y TOM yiwoaaKjbyMeifcy cyCicKTy ce /laie 
TaMBB npHAeti , ^pK KoieM newory 6mth APJrH npn^e-:^ 
BH , T. i, TdKas npH^eB , koIh ie HCTOBeTan ca cy5- 
ieKTOM. Ty ie cy5ieKT, Tano pebn, HCTOBeTan cam 
ca CO.60M. Csa AHiajieKTHKB , uau paasHTaK ymoaa. 
KJbyneifca , nona^yie npBo to , ^a ie CBaKH moiiieHT 
yMoa^ifiaiyieifca , ^'y^y^iVL ^eaHii yMoaaKjby^ieaeM ^ hc^ 
BeraH ca oiiiuthm MomeHTHMa; ^^pyro, ^acySieKTCBe 
BRuje H BHUie iiaiev^Haf asaiyhH ce ca cBoiiiM npu/^e- 
BOAf , HanocaeyZ^Ky nocraie c h>hm ie/^no h TaioiM iia^ 
HHMOitf cy^ienr cie^HitaBaiyhH ce ca CBoiuM npn^eBOM, 
OH ce cie^^HAaaa ca coCon cbmbm. Tbko ocTBapeibe 
(pea«iift3vpaifre) noiMa , hjih Taicas CTenen iberosor 
pa3Bii.TKa, Ha kom ce onmre iaajba Rao ie^na i^eaHHa, 
Koie cy h came paaiiocxH Tauoba i^eaHiie , — Ta.Ko., 
BeaHii ) ocTBapeibe noiMa, uocxaie ie^HHCTBO , . ap- 
SHia Benocpe^HOCT, Koia ie cBoicTBena fiiihy. Ta ne" 
aHHB^ y VOM BH^y , iecxe to, uito pe aoae: npedjn^r 
(o$ieKT). f 

npe^Mar (ofiieKT) ie Henocpe^HO 6Hhe, na aa to ie 
OH paBROAyutaB npema cvumvi cBoiHii paaHoetVMa h 



r^acHHB XVII. 15 



826 KPATKH ni>£rji£A 

ftHxOBOM le^ffHCTRy. Ha ocHosy r^ (TeapaajiH^itocTH, 
Te paBHO^^yiiiiiocTif , npe^mer ce pacna^^a Ha paaiio* 
CTH, o;^ Koinx cBaKa MoaKe Cmtii Heurro i^ejio. Oxy/^a 
npoTHByc^OB^e udMeby caniocTa.iHOCTM h HecaMOcraa- 
nocTM THx pasMOCTH. MoHce ce pehn ^a ie camo ie;\aH 
npe;\i«eT h to ie: (fesyc^osno-Bo^ h ^a ie wHOro tipe^« 
wexa — eas ceer h iberoBH /^ejiOBH. BesffCJioeHo , Kao 
npe^mer, rMarpao ie AsliChw^, Ako ie MOHadn, MNoro 
TO o^Ky^a ibiixoBO ie^HiicTBO, na^ one Hewaiy yaaim- 
Hor o^Honiiiia? Ako noiaM rpefiyie /^a to ie^HrtcvBo^ 
Cy^e, OH^a Mopa 6hth ie/^na Mouada. O^fxyAd nocjie 
iLHxoBa MMoaRHHa? Taico ie npOTiiByc^OB^e y .laiff- 
HHi^oBoi «K^oco«Hiir. npe^CTaajbaifceBor^, KBonpe/^^ 
MeT, BO^H , no peHMa Xer^^, cyieBepmy h potfcnoiii 
cTpaxy. Ty ie <faiu pa3.iHKa Hsiieby iasiTHKor it 
xpHCTHiancrcor yneiba o Bory. IIpeflweT mjk oCieWTHB* 
hoct HMa TpH CTenena pa3BiiTKa : n) MexaHusaM 6) 
oceMuaam h •) t^iBJiucsnodHocT, Tm creneHH ocwiBaiy ce 
nd irspaBHaAy npoTHByc^OB.ba , Koie ie CBoiCTsetto 
npe/^MCTy. 

a) npe^meT (oCieKT) MexatiuHKu onpe^e^en ie 
OR^a, Ra/^ ra cMaTpanio, Kao neuiTo Menocpe^HO, paB* 
Ho^yuiHO. Ta^a ie AeroBO yHyTpaiuibe ieflWHcrBO camo 
ie^iia cAooicnocT\ a o^Homai ^pyrHni npe/^MexHwa eno* 
xatufhu, Tai MexanHHKH o^noiuai npe^MCTa Xer^i Ha- 
3HBa ^opMOAHUM. TaKdB 16 HorjreA na cxsapir nai- 
ftH3KK. HiRiife HHie Moryhe o6iacHHTH CBe npe^Mere; 
HO H OH HMa CBoie mecTo h ne camo y npiipoAH He* 
opranrtHRoi, Beh k y opranitHKOi, na h caiioiM , hobw^ 
Ky, napoHHTO KaAi'd HS^aiy fterose cir.»e; nanpHiiepi 
y 6oaecTH npH c-taSoM CTOmaKy oceha ce neKir refpet 
y meayAi^y; npH ynf't^huivb^M aepacnojioiKeH»y ^y^^ 
ocelia ce t'epoT y H^ianomMa rejia h t. ^. 

Ho ocHm Tor HHiKer xnrxaBH^iior o^cnuaia ifeliy 
npe^MeTHua , Xer.i npe/^cxaB^a ioui ^aa BHiiia BHAa 
MexaHHSMB , a TO ie : du^epeuTWU « MtoJkyvHu:, V tom 



XEMOBK «lfJK)Cb4»1lle. C29 

iiufi%p9nTH<^M MexaHM^My ie^^fi npe/^Mei« ^eie^^e^ na 
ApyrH , Kao cpe^tpeA*' ha itOBptamiy , hckh ^£t ^(^4* 
epe/^a , Oi^ cAdie crpau^^ TSito^e aaBHCn '^ APy*^* 
ope^cpe^e If fGituM ifa«H«ioM a«&jba ee iiriforo 'aAH04}« 
HO'CaMocraciHMk ti o/^iioeiio-HedaMOCTa^iii^x- npe^Mera. 
y «$t.oepAyrH6M M^xainiaMy ^eiorsyie ca»ocTa%«na 
cpe^ii^p^Ad "^ HecaiiiocTajiM re^ia^ ORO.ittHe. 

^^ y aCcQ^yTHOMT MexaHHomy iiedaBHciiocT mho* 
mx ferpe^MeTa Beh ce yryioyie yaainiHiiM io^Haniaieiit 
ibuxoBHM MeHy coCoM H 06111TOM cpf^^epe^OM; TaniiM 
Ha^iitioN RpHH ee nyr hobom BH^y npe/^Mera h^. ho<* 
0O111 jfrHxoBOM OAHoniaiy,' a TO \^ cieMuHHoM. y aaje/f^ 
Mirmioi pa/^ii>H npe;|itfeiMi, Kao cpe/^cpe^a » nOBptmnia 
(nepH4^iria) csaKH 04 imix ^lofiHia CBOiy ohpe^eijbe- 
Noci; OA Apyror np^e^aptfera. - Ho MaRo y xeniifeicow itpo- 
j^e^y cno^amifcit o^HOiurai onfe^a ce y ytiy^paniibo^ 
CTTH npe^meva 4 Ta«Q xenHvcRii OAKOiuai nonce ce na^ 
Manf: if^HikMttH^uM ifait yHyippauMtiM« Cttftitii iipe4«> 
Met*) ffCB0 qeji.H noiaju ca^^pam y ce0u ^pyfH npe^nref 
It o4H(ycH ce K ibeiiiy; no onery no MOxairti^ifiOM o^ho* 
maiy Cy^yhif paBMOAyiiMiir ^ to obh itpoTUBcvaB^baly 
leABH Apyron ^voie paaiioci^H ; a^B no^reii ie CBatiH 
i^e^H noiaiii, to ohh Teme npel^H ie^aa y /(pyrB. Ca^* 
cnttB^aiyliH ^ae KpaiHocTH te TatKi^e, npeAMetH cy- 
(^peraly ce y itetiOKpei'Hoi cpe^Ai|H5'fioia MM'/^aie M<»ryh^ 
MOOT 4a ieABH flpypof npOHlmy,. IIpoiidBO^ He pQAn^ 
lecre nej^pajiHocr npovBBBMX cTp»M y cpe^HHir (-^ 
of). Ho iiQyvpaanocT ^ aayaffMaiyha cpeAHay we^y 
^^fBfenia itpaiHOCTHMa (Ranp«M. y jmRfiiM narwivrHoi), 
K90 t^e^iH noiaw ctpIh iont .npoTae , hvib ; bbb tmx 
ttpe^Mera fi3 roikx ie npoHSHUiAa , a norowe ona ne- 
<>4ro*apa nqiMy. Iloia^ , Kao y«yTp.aiii»e ie^BHeTBO, 
mopa tiaTH Cdio|So/|aH o^ to cnoAafunoorH , Koia ie 
cboi<^TBeiia H^yvpajiHocvH. C Tora ie nopflne, Kao o^«> 
boIhth npe^MeT h nosHi^e cyiuTecTBOBaTH p^AH. Q&- 
6e, npHMB CBoicTBa cjioCo^nor , .i^^ircx^^Hpr pe^a 

J5» 



tl8 HPATUH UPKVAIEA 

CTBapH HAM. npcTaie j^q^, QoiaM ocTBapasa ce no^o 
nyuHit^ y n^i^A^^Tuma^ Hpiii aocToie c i^e^H, Hero 
TaMO, r>^B<ia4ii MexaHHHKH o^ouiai. OcTpape^a no* 
iaM cao^paaao c i^ejiif , cacTaRjba aeh npeaaa k H^ein. 

#^ lieauea^odfiocT, l^ea ie^ no Xerjy, noiaM, koIh 
ie nocpe^CTBOM nopHi^aiba iienocpe/^uocTH npe^mera', 
^oiuao Beh f\o cjiofioAe) uawl ce6e caMor a crao cyiu* 
TecTBOBaTH He caMO y ce6a ho h pa^a ce5e. IIolaM 
aao i^ea , t. u aa^ ie c./io6o^aH 04 csera cnojbnor, 
HonocpeAHor, HMa KapaKxep cy6leKTHBHM; oh ie iieiuTo 
o^ysHO, a npe^MeT ie ueiuTO npoTManojioffCHO aeMy 
II cjio6oAHe OA Aera. C APyi*^ oneT crpane, xa yaai- 
naa npoippBnojioaKHOcT iieby hoimom , Kao cy6ieHTOii 
HAH M\BAH H npeAMeTOM , HeMa Mecra j nOTome iuto 
cyCieKTaBHOCT iecre cbmq i^^aa crpaua noinia h npena 
jcanoM noiMy y oh ca^paia caai y cefia csy peaaaocT 
{e^eonmrej sace^uo h ie^MHUHH^)^ a np^^ver, aoiu oe 
npe^nocTBBjba^ hmb peaauocT caiiio HA^iaaHy n.caiiiie 
no ce6a HauiTaaaa* .OTy^a ce paba np.OTHByiC^iQBAe 
Neby HCTOBeTHOuihy voiiia ca caniHM co6oh. ul Meby 
upe^MeTOM, KoiH My ce.npoTHBCTaa^a. Pa^iba noiiiay 
KOiOM ce yHHuirasa to npoTHBcao^Ae, iecTe to, iuto 
€e 30Be ocT$apaeaf6e ^eAU. 

nocpe^CT^oM Te pa;|Kie noiau aaa i^ea npoaa-» 
-BO^a y caMOM ce6u paauoet (a<«H CBoi npe^neT) h 
yie^HO yK»HutTaBa xy paaaocT TemehH k camoM ce6H ^). 
-Tom HCTOBeTHOuuhy noHevKa h Kpaia o/^AMnyie ce 
KOHaHHH yapoK o^ yapona ^e^iaTeaHor , y komc ra 
MCTOBOTiiocT .HenocToiH. Hai^jiHHSHM npHMepoM qeAR- 
CKO/vae pa^Kie , h^h noiMa. y npe/^weTy , Mome CAyr 
mwTK CBHKO no6ybeH>e, caaKH hucthrt. no6ybeH»e toI^ 
npoTHBycaoBibe y JKHBeheM npe^MeTy a pa^^a, aoioM 
ce TO npoTHByciOBJbe yHaniTaaa npoMenoM ie^nocrpar 
-hoctm o6a^Beiy cxpana cyCieicTa u npe^MeTa. f^OHAe 



*): Encicl §: to4. 



XEMOtix *ifjiocd4>»iiE. ttO 

roA MH ffy^eiio anTpa.iii r^eA y tnwcAy nenocpeAHOM 
(t. i. h6 y npe/^Mery, Beh ^es npe^weT)5flOTJie fcece ona 
Hania npeAcraBJbaTH Kao neiUTO choaho, a cam noiaM 
leao HeiifTO npoTHBnojiomno /^aToni upe^iaery. CMa- 
TpaiyhH c ror rae^HuiTa npe/^MerH noKaayiy nsm ce 
y TOM BHAy^ A^ BBMaiy i^e^H y ceCu ^ Beft Ban ce5e. 
OTyAa Teo^Hneia, Koia nponoBe^a ysaiiuHy KopHCT 
apeAMera , hjih »ifxoBy isopHCT ^ HoseKa *). Ho 
iipaBir ie cuiHcao ^e^mcxo^MocTU aPT^"- U^ejiHcxo^- 
HOCT ie ffMosaKA^yHeHte y caMHM npe^MeTHMa, KOra ee 
«i^aMOBH Hepaena^aiy na saceCim cyCietiT , aace^HH 
o(^ieRT H aaceCify paA»»y, Rao iia <»opitfa;iHy camo no- 
cpeAHHT^y Meby ibHiHa^ Be)i ohh cy caMim skhbotom, c 
ie/^HHieuH y ie^no i^e^AO k npoiiHRHyTH ie^HO ^py^MM. 
CytKeKTie c ie^ae cvpane npe^er, a c Apy^© CTpaae 
OH ce c le^ufbaBSL c HesHM cpe^fbiiiti — pa^^oM, a to 
ie i4e.iHoxoAHa pa^fta caMor cy6ieKTa h^h npe^mer, 
Koin ce aoboah no/i w^eiy ive.ia ^'*). 

Hb yapona xaiie orpyraocTir, xaRe no^nyHOCTM 
Tor yMoaai{jby^eB>a, cbbkb hjibh meroa iecre yieflao 
onmre^ aace^no u iedunuHuo. To KpeTaH>e , Rao npe- 
aa3 ij(ejiii y H^eiy, hmb xpn creneaa: aa) Hba cySien-^ 
ruena/'tfff) f^e^ Koia ee ocreapasn] 9b) t^eJi not a ie 
oerenpeHit, 

aa) y cy(SieRTHBHoi jfejiH , Rao no^nyHOM yMO* 
^RHJhynemy f moMeiiTH : onmre ^ aare6H0 n' ieduHimno 
cacTaajkaiy ie^aH noiam , noTOMe uito MH^HBHAyyM 
HJiir leAHHUHNo, npeo : onpeAe^aBaiyiiH ct%5e, ^e^n cetfe) 
T. i A^ i^ ceCK Rao neneM oniuTein onpe^^Aetiy ca? 
ApiRHHy H HsaecHy i^e^^jHy hcto Bperae ynocH y cc6e 
npoTHBiioaomHOCT cyi5ieRTa h npe^Mera ; &ppBo : otfpa* 
haiyKH ce r ce6H h BH^ehH ^ei nuie ^^CTa camo ie^He 
cy6ieRTHBHOCTH noiina , y cpaaneiby ca yHyTpauiifaOM 



*) Encicl. §. t05. 
**) Encicl. §. 206. 



8M n^Armm spskjiva > 

ii(e^HHQcvii OBoioii, H Taftvtf iiatiifiOM tomh « nenemy 
cnojbHOw, CTapaiyhH ce ^a Tmne /^onyHM ce€e ^). 

(fdlj T^ pa^fba, Koia ie Tano ovpeayTa k cboa- 
HOif-CQeTy, nao ie^HHifMHOCT oahock ca HeiiocpeAico 
K npe^mery k caBJb«Hyi« ii»HMe xao cpe^craoM. 4a"«^^ 
cpeAHHa H4I1 cpe^ibH repMHH re i^eaaexo/^HOCTH caj^- 
cvaajba yHyTpainnry c«ay iioiMa , iberoBy pa^^y^ ^ 
n#ioM Iq itenocpeAHo cle^HibeH npeAnev Kao ep«i^ 
CTBO. TaiED, HanpHMep, Ay^i^ B^a^a ve^OM h itcnaayitt 
ce y ifc«My''). 

««> Ule.iHCxoAHa pa/^iba iom ie cae oKpeiiyTa n 
cnoJbitOM CBeTy, noTOne uiro i|ea ioiii HHi<5 HcroBerua 
ca npe^meTOiii* Tai npe^Met ioiu ie camo Marepipia^) 
noiv Tpetfa cie^HiiHTH c qejiv. Kpyr tof cnoAHor iia« 
Tepiiiaaa cacraajba npox^ec uexanHMRH. u xenH^HB. *^ 
OcTsapeua j\eA to ie ie^HHCTBO Haiieby cyCieaTa h 
olSieRTa, npemAa y tom ie/^HHCTfiy cy6ieKT b o6ieRT 
caMO ce HeyrpajiiiaHpaiy, OA-ty^aaaiy o;^ caoiux aa/* 
Qe6HHx CBoicTBa , a s^ea Kap CiVofio/^aa noiaii yBeic 
ocraie y npe/^Hery ; iep noian ca^pmaeaiyhB y ce^: 
omnre^ sacedno h iedunuHHo eacTdBjba ie^any k i^Hrjiy 
ca^pBtHHy i^aaHCXo^He pa^sie '). 

Ho y KOHaiHMiH, orpaHHHeHHBf o^oiiiaiHMa y -bab 
orpaHHMeHoi i^e.iHCXo/^HOCTH, i^eji ie h nocie octbb* 
peiba CBOra paa^aoieHa, aao iuto i^ ^M^a h ^o ocTsa- 
peiba, y H3BecHOM MaTepaiai^y. ocTBapaea ee eano oa 
onoiba iio3HTHBiia ^opHB^ Koia ie, a(^Qr'orpauiiHeHi» 
caApa<>BBe csOia y {lyjuire c»iy«iaiHa. C T(n*a h oorsaH 
peaa ne,t 04 caoie crpaae nocraieoaMO npe^HeTonr 
B cpe/(CTBQM. Ory^a 6uBa 6e3iGOHaHHa npoMeHa cpe^** 
or#a H H^jifl .*). 



*) Eneicl. §. 201. 

*) Eneicl. §. t08. 

») Eneicl. §. sii. 

*) Eneicl. §. %\t. 



Ho apa CBem tom , uiTo.ce ^^j no^nyHO ne 
opTi^apaBa y orpajiHiiioi ^e^iiicxo^Hoi .paAH>H , camuM 
yHHiuT^H>eM le^HOCTpaHe cy6ieKi*HBHOCTH h npHBif^He 
caiuocTaaflocTH npe/^Mera , ocTBapaBace noiaM , uao 
yHyrpaujibSi ^ caispHBeiia cymTHua npe^RieTa , h 36or 
Tor yHHiuTasai^a CBora, npe^Mer, Kao HeiiiTO cTpano 
H.CfioCfo^o o^ noiMa^ oaQBHM ie HaiuTaBan h HemohaH. 
A, Ka^ ie Ta«o , on^a npoTHsnc^ioaKHOCTH Hsuel^y 
>opMe H ca^pHCHHe cacBHRi Hecxaie. Tai csmh uoianf, 
BOiM .ie.i;e«i h ^opMa^ua . ifau ^opMupaiyha pa^iba, ca* 
ctaBJba cam ce6H h ca^paHUHy. Tunt npoqecoM noiaia) 
i^^j Kao ie^BHCTBQ cy6ie«T«B«e h Q^ieKTiiBHe CTpaHe, 
SuBiUH 40T1I6 cai«« y cq6h, Hacxaie n&h <;a/| cyxuxe- 
cTBOBaTtf H pa^H cQ6e, hah ocToapaBace cava u^eia: 

OrpaiiHHeHoci' hah KonaHHOCT u^e^H noKasyia ce 
y TOMe, uiTO MaTepnia^H, koih ce ynoTpe6ji»yiy . aa 
cpe^cTBO ocTBapaBaH>a, npcTdiy caMO npuBH^Ho i^evi^- 
cxoA^m^ a,ycymTHHH (y ce^H) ohu cy noiaii, (bIh ie, 
uao ^e^J ocxBapea y npeAMtJTy, oH^a to amaiH, ^a 
ie npeAwe? aOKa3ao CBoiy npaBy yHyTpaiuifcy up.«r 
po^y. flpe^MeTHH cBer-Toie, xaiio pehH, aaBeca, no^ 
i£oioM cy caupHBeHH noinm. Y oi^pauHseHOM y KOHa^i- 
BOM pe^y CTBapH BemoHce ce xpaaKuxB no^nyHor ocxbb- 
peH»a i^eAH. A.iii xo HeSuBa c xora, luxo ce caMaj^eJi 
ne^a nocxHha , Beh xo Cbbb oj\ aamer norae^a aa 
caex, o^ HBuie yiacxBene norpeiuKe-04 HJiySHie* Tatna 
ie ocxaapeifaa i^eyiii y ie^HHCXBy, y nopKu^aiby xa 
Hjiy3Hie *). 

^OB^e ie XerjK Huiao 3a pasBHXKOM noiMa u iipe^^- 
Mexa o^BoiHxO) na ie h ie^na h ^yra cxpaHKa cama 9a 
ce6e noKaaaaa ce ueno^yHOM, nouaaajia ce via ne- 
o^roBapa no^nyao hcxhhb.. HcxBua ie y ce6u h pa^H 



^) Eneicl. §. ti3. 



tS2 itPATKH nptitAmfl, ' 

ceCe, CeaycaOBHO ie^HHCTBO naiina h npe^Mera, a to 
ie: ndeia. Crpatfa, Koia o^rosapsi noiMy, hjih u>eroBa 
H^eiajina caApHfiHwa cacToiH ce y caiuOM noitiy h ae- 
roBHM onpe^ejbenocTHMa, a oho iuto ie peajiHo, h.«u 
ea^psRHHa peajiiia cacToin ce y tom caMOM paaBHTiry, 
Koi^ OHO ^aie ce^Jw y *opMH cno^Hor Cttlia *). 

Onpe;^e;beHse fiesycJiOBHor, komb ce ^o ca^ hujjio 
pasBHTKOM i^eAe Aovnue^ camo ie Tanobe CeaycaoBHo; 
iep H^eia hhth ce k HeMy o^hoch , hmth ce c mh* 
cpaBHiasa. H^eia ie caua HCTHHa, a ncTHna ie caiMac- 
HOCT cnojbHHx npe^Mera ca npe^craBaMa. H^eia ie 
cyficxaHi^Hia h y hcto Bpeme cyCient, /^yx, iep OHa 
cBe TO, tUTO H3 ce6e h3bo^h, np^Bo^H onex ic ceCH* 
Flo CBoioi /^Boianoi pa/^ibH , ona ie CMatpaifce ce0e 
caMe, OHa ie noiam Koin y ce6H bh/^h CBoi npe^mex 
M c /^pyre , crpane oaa ie npe^meT , KoiH caiw ce6e 
npnanaie aa i^eji h npe^Mex i;ejiH. 

H^eiH, no cyiuTHHH H>eHoi, cBoicTBCHO ie Kpe- 
TaH»e (npoqec) , iep ona Kao CeaycjiOBHO nopHi^atbe 
Mwa y cefiM ^Hia.ieKTHfRo CBoicTBO. Kperaibe to ca- 
cToin ce y xowe uito itoiaM, Kao onmxe h nao ie^H- 
flH4HO cam ^aie ceCn npe^weT h npoTHBycraBjba ce6e 
TOM npe^weTy . ^a^e cacxoiH ce iom h y Tome, iirxo 
H/^eia, Kao cyCcTaHijjHia , npHBO/^n cBoiy cnojbHOcx k 

CBOioi CyCieKTHBHOCTH. 

Ka^ ie ^attJie H^eia KpexaH>e (npou^ec), on^aiboi 
HHie cBOtcTBeno ^a Cy^e camo ie/^nncxBO KOHanHor h 
6e3KOHaMHor, MHui^eiba h Snha ; iep ie/^HHCxBO ie ne- 
iiiTo o^ayiHO, Hemxo mxo Henia y ceCn HCHBOxa. ^a^be, 
nafl, ie ir^eia cyfiieKXHBHOcx, OH/^a ioi onex nnie CBoi- 
CTBCHO TO ie^HHCTBO J iep y TOM CMHciy H^eia 6h 
6H^a caMo cyCcTaHi^nia, fin^a caMo nenoKpeTHH ochob; 
yaaiMHa car^acHOcx MHui^ei&a h Cwha , KonaMHor h 
({eaifiOHaHHor, cBpmaBajia 6h ce neyTpajiHcaibeM. 



^) Encicl. §. 2 14. 



xEmoBB «H;ioce4iiiiE. ttS 

Me^yrm y H/^eiH, 96or H>eHor neraTHBHor ie^ne* 
cTsa, 6e3KOHa^RO, cytfienTHSjiocT vt Mmxijb^ne, npe;^^ 
cTdBj^aiy coffoM KonaMHO^ npe^Mer, <(r}>«. HAeia nao 
npoi;ec, xao nenpecTaHO npOHSBoHeibe n caB.«abHBaffie 
npe^ineTa) npoaaan rpu crenena: aj atttteor] S/iUa^^e, 
nocjie *iera ona ce nonaayie Rao: «) ifesye^o^tia udtia. 
a) J9Cu§or. H^eia y iienotpe^noM, r. i. HecB^CHom 
BH^ify, iecre hchbot : noiaM, ttoiw le ocTBapen y re^y, 
y BH^y Ay^6 (® "<* AJ^^)* HpeMQ c?no^Hot**H re^jia, 
noian HJiH Ayi'i^? Iecre iienocpeAHa cBeomiiTOcr. IIo- 
iaM Aaie m' sacef^HOcr fejiy, iep 6«o iieMa Apjte paa- 
BocTH , ocMH Te , Roia HCTine R3 noima h cacraBAB 
fi>eroBy onpeAejbeHocr ; RBHOC^eAKy y noiMy rho 
fiesycaoBHOM nopHi;an9y csera iuto ie /^pyo, cBApRtH 
ce ieAiuiH^HOCT. IIoiaM cam a^^^ paaBHTart (AitiaaeK- 
THRy) cBOMe npcAMeTy (hjih rejiy); a*^-^^^** fterOBR 
npeMAa ce npeACTaa^aiy aaoeSno, a^H y cbmoI. oTsapR 
OHM npHOBARiy leAMOM cyCieTny. ^e^oan TCJia y ca* 
Moi oTBapH cay me h rbo i^ea h rbo cpeACVBO ieAHO 
ApyroM. 36oT re HenocpeAHOCTR RAeie y rnHBory ona 
y3HMa BHA cyuiTecTea iuto ntHBR) iuto ce ReAeJiR h 
uiTO ie aaceCuo. Oa re HenocpeAnoci^H HAeie y mu* 
Bory, Haii oa Tora , uito ieARRCTBO notMa r npe^^ 
Mera HHie noAuyRO, HecAanaie ce6e TaRHM, HenocToiH 
paAH ceffe, CiiBa ROHaHNOcr mRBOTa, hah Sftaa to, a^ 
ce-^yuia H Teao uory OAe^HXR ieARO oa APy>'0^^- ^^ 
ofl^eAevhe iecxe cmpr. Ho reR nocae cmpTH ofie CTpaae 
AoSniaiy siiaMai A^-^osa; ^SLHjie npasH cuRcao Ay^^ ■ 
«eao Huaiy OHAa, rba cy y caeaHi — 

SKhbO' oyuirecTBO iecre tbro aaitAy4ene yMB, 
icora cacxaBfiH a^^^obm iecy Taaol^e encxeMe h 3aitjby«» 
Meiba yna ^) h cacxaBAaiy ieAdtr paaBHTdn (npdi^ec). 
y xOH pasBHTKy HUB xpM oxeneB.^ : aa)^ oceAnhiecr^ 
HAH paAiba, Koia ce oRpehe yiiyxpaiuiboetH canor 



*) Eiicicieped. §• ei5— ^IB. 



tS# . «rjiTnii nPBMXA - 

ofiUTecTBa, T« i* pa^iba Keia ce spaha yayTpaiUBiOCTH 

Koia iiorpeoa cae ^^aoiie aciuior cyiinvecraa a ya6y« 
^yie HX TO yaaiMaa ^eUvayiy ie^ao aa Apyro ; #«>, 
pofffMPiaeap^e hah pabaure, aao.peayjiTaT.ABeiy npe« 
Yo^ehax cxpaaa ^)« 

Oaai TpeliH opoqec cacroui ce* y TOne, uito 
muuQ €^iuT6f[!V80. otf Apaftftsa coCoMpoA- ^reiir apoi^ecy 
po/ia iKa^orHO ie poA y <^^a hjih cyfioraai^HiajiHo 
cueomufre; aacafinocr Tora caeoaiiiTera iecre oaho* 
utai iti^Hora cyCieKra npema Apyr<Mne y cbom« po/^y; 
paeyhHsaiiie (Urtlieil) cacroin ce y-^o/^amuaiy . poi^a 
nptanta tum iipoTHBiUMoacaocTnMa:-, ie^HHa*iiiocniMa -*r 
paaaaaa no4a. 

Ho aao urro ie acHBOT Henoope^aa «opMa v^eie) 
raao apOHaao^- po/^ooor npoi^eca pacna^a oe Ha ^ae 
erpaae : c ie^ae cvpaiie — aKHBO cymTecvao, iioie 6h 
Tpe6a-M> /^a 6yAc K^noqpe^Ho, iaajbace aao aeiuTO no-* 
ope/iHO, no CTpe^cTBOM poHeiMi ; c ^pyre oiieiv XTrpane 
-^ OHO5 a(Jor Te came iienocpe/|HOCTn a HeraTHBUor o^^*- 
HOBKaia npena caeomuTeM, npeMa po^y, Hcieaaaa y 
wemy.le^HBHHBOCt hah He^e.nmio nocraie a nao^ h 
Hcpraa po/^a ; O^ Aera my ao«»i^3*i h 3Khbot h cMpr. 
yTOHCj HiTor BtHBo cyiiiTecTBo lecTc po^ y cetfa m 
nOTOMo aa ce6e aenocpe^ao nocroiit, nao He/^ejiawo, 
ie^HBH^HO, aaaaaa ce a»eroBO yayTpaiuffce npoTiiBy* 
oiOBJbe, aoie ce Mopa yaiNiiTHtH. H/^eiayHauiTaaa to 
npoTHBye^iOBjae cMpfcy vs^h^h^^hx h npeviaaH aa bhiuh 
crenen Cafia, aa KOMe h po^ hah CBeo«iUTe HMa Apy^i^ 
o^HOUfoi npe«a cy#ieKTy. yaHfUTHBiuH aeiioepe^HocT 
eaora iaBjbaifaa, y aow ie a^^eincBoicTBaiio Sava eaMO 
y ce^H H^eia sootinauaa' cai^a oe6e^ oaa aacraie cy-* 
iHTecTBOBaTtf aao po^, noiaM we cawo y cefia ,• ho h 
paA* cetfe — y $aa«y. 



^) Enoici. §. S18, ei9 a tlt#. 



Hao: xapaa APyv^i" cTai.eKa nt^eie , ^a/t oira itocToiK 
3« ceSe, iecvft pa/|iMi jma, noiow : ce^ y«Hiii*afta npo* 
THBHOCT- Hsmebj oyfiieRra « t>6iciit>rQ, ^a ce' aa^a^ojbit 
5edyo4OBHO>.jrBepji$«»0:H/|6ie} *;ia ie cittMbHR-c^ftehr wCTd* 
nwm Q fiiOML HaKpavKo, pa^na ywa /> ca6ua^iiBa«y 
UfU^ ynHiMrapa^y.TQ ^upOTiififiaeTH h iecTe oiiarte '^) . 
JHo vo 9H(i»p,. Koie^.cQ ^d&iia nyirem y.iHinmft^ 
miiM ]2^T;iiBiio^oHfi^oc7H.<H8Meby cjdevra II otieKTa^ 
ufiie f&Q^ iipwHi^efby X^r^a nQ^nytto^ Ta* uenofftiy^ocr 
uoKdayie .,ce ^^0^^ y Tome , am^ dsan^ «a ^roM ere- 
netiy no^^^e ie^HoevpanocT cy6ieKTiiBKoerB h ytrocH 
y^np^^CTatte 1»- vHifLrBOKe. np^iM^fre cno^nor capita 
H crapa ce sa^OBO^bHTH o^^y^no ynepeme ciioa«om 
c9AP9HH«OM'; .dpye^ nditaayie ce y oSparrHoi paAibH, 
T. i. y tone, mro nopitMjd ieAdQCTpattoor-oSieKfMBtio* 
c^ei?a, jfiOMe ) us^o, cxyny cAy^iaitt«x nQiaaa n BwraTa^ 
oHnx: . «»opuH J yHyrpftuiHia eTpaiia Hao. ie/^HHo Horifr 
BHxa H.CTBapHa A^t^ OA cede. .HaaecHO onpeAeabeise. 
IIpBO 6BBa y paAHMfr Teopexw^Hoi m ieere aaaifce 
y iipaBom. QiiK4^4y, .a.ARy*'^ y pa^Mi opa^TH^Noi u 

8H[aH>e y niMMioir cftnie««y» 

KofiaHHOCT aaaifrd, Hao iuto cmo BHute Bu/ieiAH, 
noH^syi^ cq y ton^^ xuto iiAjsia AOiuaBuuf no epe>|^ 
CTPOM ciupTif AQ caMe iM)6e, paonanaee caiia y C19611, 
i^AH paa^^HKyie y ce^n po^y CBeonmve ■ oyfiieirr, na 
oiiy^a no CH4H "voj? CiaMor pA34iftcoiiatiM, aiia OA«&Huyie 
^€t6e o^ tfnqjbHPr cawa> itoca gHheiioiHi. caiio HpsoA'- 
uo^TdB^ia. CBe.cacTaBHe.cTp^e ha^^c "^ tqh.^ct^^t 
Wiy ^^ii»a anp^A^j^^aaiy c^ QA^ouiaieM, a Be, noi- 



*') Encicl. §. 
*^) Encicl. §. 



*) Encicl. §. t«3. 



MOM. Ma^epHia uj^a ape^HeT^ Roui ce nocTaBjba noana- 
iiaiylioif CHJionf , Mopa 6hth no^vprHy.T npoqecy cpaBHH« 
Baa>a, a ^ehyvHrn Tai npoi^ec 3a/|OBpjbaBa ce cana 
THme, uiTO yHocH ca^pmHHy, vac neuiTO onojbHO, y 
^opMjd noiMa, Koie ce xaKo^e npe/^CTa«jbaiy nao He« 
lUTO cnoiAtHO npeva Toi npHAUbenoi ca^psKHiiH. Tana 
pa^ifca QBoicTBena ia pasymry. Iberoea ie RCTH«a orpa-* 
uAineiia, BonaMHa; a ^idsnoHaHtm noiam ctoIm npenia 
tbemy aer^e aa Apyroi crpaHH, na ce Me^a noctnhH* 
KoHaHuper rora auaiba nonasyie ce y roniie, mTo cy- 
CieKT yno/^o6AaBa ce6e ikctoi Ta6.iM KOia cbmo npMMa 
roToae i^ii^pe, mito ce ca cTpane ua.iby mehy. ^MJie 
o^HOuiai cyfiieTa npema npe/jwexy (ofiieuTy) Ty ie 
nacBBaH (cxpaAaTeaaH). 

To 3Hane i^o6ma ce ^BoiattHM nyxeM: npsn ie 
nyr H4H HaiHH xai, na^ cyfiieirr npH^tame caoiy «op^ 
najmy h tipasHy ncTOBeTHOCT pasRHM npe^nfeTifMa npn* 
po^e -*• H ra^a ie to Mexo^ aHajtumyHu, Yrbn cay^faiy 
H«uf ee roTOB npe/iMer, nao veuiTO KOHitpeTHo, pac 
Haaibaea h iLerosHM cBoicTBHuia nanp: paayMHOCTH, 
cjio^o^H, v^a ie vapaicTep caeoniuTOCTH; h.im ce ocTa- 
B.iia KOHKpeTHO KBo ocHos if ooNiohy oA^yiaaaibd He- 
cyiuTecTBeHHx SHaKosa, cacTaejba KOHKperHO, onuiTe 
— po^, iianp : naiaM >a oham.^ SaKoay h. t. ^. '^'). 

4pyrH ie nyr npoTHEnoaomaH npsome. Ty ce 
CBeoauireM, Roie ienpe ca»io 6h;io HeisoM ^opMajiHom 
HCT^BeTBOiuKy, ^aie Onpe^^e^/benocr. Ty noanaBaiyi^a 
cnoco(MiOCT 6ojbe nosnaie cBoicTBO noima h cacraBne 
crpane iberoBC, npem^a mi to no3Ra6afte iinie ioiu 
no/|nyHO« Tai hbhich ii«ih MeTO/^ ii03HaBaii>a iecTe Me- 
TO^ euHTtruHPm, Tai Meto^ no«iHii>e CBoiy parity o^ 
roTOBe, BeJi ^axe caeoniuTOCTM, ho tb CBeomuTocT 
wwi^ O'^aynira, Sea ca^^pntHae, aeh oria vma y ceCit 
H3BecHy onpe/^ejbenocT caiMOr noima. MoMCHTy CBe- 



*) Enciel. §. 227—231. 



onrntocTH yTom mefo^y o/^rdsapa onpedejueiie\ MOMeHxy 
3aee(jHOCTH — pasdeA^efhi'^ fnouei^ry' ieflitHH*iHOCTit — i 
reopejHe^ y ROMMa MeTo;!( cMHTeTitMHH pacMarpa ontnre^ 
Roie ife 5hjio ii3paxeerff> y onpe^e/beiby, y iberOBHM 
o^HomaiifMa caarfaBaiy^H xe o/^womaie Kao KcrOBetHe. 
llecySxo^HOCT THx o^rtouiafa noKaayte ce y ^(OKaaffiiia) 
y KOHMa cBar^a Hina norpeffy reopeiwa. *) TaKHiu Ha- 
•iiTHOM 3Haiii« y ^6f{a3HMa ^o.iasH nocreneHo /^o y0e^ 
i^eHra o cyCieuxy h xo xaKOM y5e^eii.y , KOie ie npo- 
xMBHo oMosie, KaKO ie y no^exKy (Sifjo. ^oxae ie 
cy6lei«t oananaBao iiemxo oniiixe, o^jiynHo , mxo ce 
^onyibaBajio h onpe^ejbaBa^o ca cxpaHe, (fnojba; irc 
y A^KadHMa cyCie^Kx can t^hpe^^^aBa a&xh cnoAtm 
hpeflniex, tep oh tBM y ceffM xpaHcn ociiob h cymxBiiy 
npe^Mexa. npH3HaB'aiy})H y A^Ka^RMa nedCxo/^nocif 
Heiera, cy6ieitx ^o^asH 40 xora, inro ie onpe^^e^eHO 
caMO y cefiH h pliflK ceCe, mxo hhIc ^axo o^ nerty^ 
ca cirpaHe. Be)i npeffHsa y ibemy caMOM. Oir Beli BHiue 
ik^xesKfi xonre, fla ^oiiyitH rt'Hsrjia^K cBoiy ieflHOcxpii* 
hocx , no3aiM.T>yiylin npe^wexe " 6/^ CBeta cnojbwor, 
bCieirrfiBiiolr, mo o0>[^axHO xeBcii ^a cboiom cyffieitxHB^ 
HOiiihy /(oiiyHH h H3r.ia^H ie^HOCxpairocY csexa ofJiew- 
XHBHor. y xoiH npaBi;y 3ifaf!>e npexBapa ce y eoA^y. ^\ 
' ' BoAa. VA^l^^o tid^eji6 / Kdie nokpeJie Bdjty ie- 
cxe 6Aaeo: a €-taro iecxe cyCieKXHBHa * n/jfeia , woia 
MHle onpe^ejbe^a cndjbHUiii, cyffleKXHBHhM csexoni, Keh 
ttocH cawa y cefJii cBoie onpe;^ejfcen.e 5 r. I. y h»oi Id 
H no^yherbe li i^ea xora , mxo np'oH3Jia3H h3 BO^e 
Ona xea«H caiiio xoine , )^a ciaiwa ceCk ^a onpe^eJbeiik' 
pa3BHxaK , a xo 3Ha*fH, ^a nocxHrne ie^HHCXBo xeo- 
pexHHHe H npaKXHHHe H^^eie. ') 



Bhav EJncicL §« t^%. 
BiiA>* <E:iijDicl.,§» .233. 
Bhah Encicl. §. 234. 



T^lciiM Ha«f aaoM Jipi^^a .qh^cro ^oiiipa dusvoui ca 

y Tfl^M^) UITO OHO CSeCllO. flOpTaBAH Ce(e, .KAO ic^HH- 

CTAO ifA^i^ Tec^eTiniHe H.jppaKTHHne , ihtq y cj^exy 
olSieiCrTiiBHOM NAQia ae camo aocToiH y ceOii k pa^H 
cfsfieyjcero ioiu ocTB^pava ce6e itao qe,i. Tai se^iHii 
T^fi^oTy Bpatia^Ka ce k ce(SM nyxeM paa^BaiaiM h ko«- 
HavHor 3i|aiM) waaoT, noiii ie aocrao HCTOpexaH c 
QoiiiPOM nonohy pa^^^ caMor noii\iai iecre cnaKgfAa-^ 

EesycAoaiia h4h ^Sco^yTaa v^l^ia, Rao ie^iwcicao 
cy6ieHTHBHe h ofiieHTHBiM^ M/^eie, iecTe soiaii|.iff4eie. 
Ppe^eT .fteroB iecre ii^ia ea, CBHMa caoiHii iip«A~ 
q^o^^tiHii 9iipeAe^e»HMa (Be^tioiuitto^n). To i^^R^ 
CTiQ.ieqT^ |5aayc4qwa nCTiiaa., .nA^ia oaiaa : o . cei^ir 
i^j^cieba H TO qaMO ^acjielia, ju>y*M«iHa. ^) ■ 

Ho (yA7^H A<l 7 a^ojiytiiioi M^e^H seMa aMuixai 
Wio pie^H.fiiMO s^Ha cuoiHaa) HQ^a H^i^^iie oji^e^er 
^eHOCTH 9 iM^y . oua h^Ch npOHHifa««a eotfoH : to ie 
QH^ OHa jHiicri^ «opMa n^ima, Rpia ma y ce6ii caoiy 
cMP9Kiiuy* Ta ie . ^a^auiHa y CHcreMH JlorHRe \^ ^ 
d^pipa i0 y HeTOAy , y oupeACAeHOM anaiby BAeie o 
3;jyiaHaiy. cBoiux MoneBxa. . 
.' moHieHTH CHj^KyjQTi^jiBor iieT9/^ ieqy <^u: 

a/ /loveraK^ (y upera^ hjh poa9UT^K $) npai. y 
qBa.KOM o^ THx Noi^p^HTa., cie^^wB^aiy ce a5a ie^HO- 
cxpaaa Mexp^a BO^taHftpr 3BaR>a^ t. i. aHaaHTHMvn k 
qBfvrexHVHa h cacxl^B^aiy ieA^H a^cM^rHu Merod '*'). 

IIoHexaK ie oho^ urro ii^eia Hampe nocxaBjba 
Aa oiia iecxe. A Kao uixo xai no^exaK uiiie ueiuxo 



- \ "" \ ' ' 

*) fincicl. §. xaiio. 

**) Enciel. '§. tS8. 

IIpaME^BA : Ka^ te seb Aoui*!^ P^*( A^ d e a y cjoBiie 
n^eie Moxce so noMHC^Hxiiy Aa Ke c^ ca^ xes Aa xavce, 
uifa ie Ta H/^eia ; ho OHa no liet^Aj HiiU tiftu^ra Mpyi'o, 
Hero onai npoi^ec caMOonpeAeJbeVba , iilit«i "l^ on/^ocaA 
npoiu««a. .1 , J . I . • ■ ' 



FiiTCNmy ca prpa«e jesetHOU) Befnie j> cambi «^hi no 
ca OH KeMoiHe /^pyrMie MpaaAaim ujih .^^Masava^ 
OC01II paaBHraoM oaMe^ H^eie^ Ka^ M^ia .eqoiaii paa- 
BwrrwoH ^nmsyie oho ^ lavo ie ohi(: Cjiua y uo^ismnyj 
TO 'SnaiK /^a :o»a eBQiaii pasBairKoaf ^laaadii ^o oaora^ 
o^. Mera ie noMObia m no toho . /^a ie petty aTar ib^ 
HOT paaBMasRa oho hcto 9 uito ie oaa Caaaj ho^ot^ 
Ky; ^pyrHJir pe«iMa : ^a ie apai ibeHor paaaania pa^ 
Dan noMVTKy. 

IIoqaTaK.ie H^eie ^ncro 6afae , a pesy^rafr ie 
Taiftcri^e 6ahe^ ho oeo ie fiahe mpitpadm ^). 

. . • . . .. • ■ . . .1 

JIpe^M^T ^nui^co^aie iipnpo^. iecxo. ii/^fsia y 
«opMH ;^py^o^ 6Hha , t. i m4 o««^ c*?i*ai^ ce<^e ^a« 
ce6e. Hq Kao iuto uAeia y npupo^H cyuixecfByie y 
cnOAHOM oAHomaiy npema ce<H, »o ie npHpo^H caoi- 
CTjaena ci^oji^hoct a ^le caMO npeitia n/^eiif h ^euoii 
cy6ieKTMQHO]ii cyiuTecTBOBa^iy yHjama^ HO,H.npaMa 
canoi ce6u, Cifp^ocri^cyuiTecTj^eiio cboictbo ppa- 
pp^e ^^'*). yapoa qpejiaana jiora'iKe H/veie . 7 pQiaii; 
Qpnpo^^e, Ha4a94i ce y canipi iv\eu. Ka^ ie uA^i^^^o-; 
uiin AHia^^KxaiiciEif paaBKTKOji .ca^ua^d ceCe^ aao 6e- 
3ycaaaHy. QdAPfKHay fBaaor €11^9 ou^a no tom ca* 
3Ha»!y QHa aaie ^p^uie gtora'iKa.^^^, aeK no/^i^yH^ 
4eicTp4irejiiiO€T. . Ta A©M>TflsweaHOCT. hjih jAPJ^o fiiihe^ 
BpoH.MaaeKa H^.:aAeie » Cy^yM :*<>*»® npoHMKnyTO^ 
cacraiMia xaKO pe^a wxuhMy cjmuy a^eie. UpHpoAa^ 
aao aapaa KAeie« /eaApa^ y ce^i^ x^ acxe 9ppe^e^er 
HocTv, xe neve iCTenefie 9 aoi^.c^^o R|^epUf.,y hhctqj\i 
MHiifAe&y , e TQM Qano pa334««oiifi^ .wvp y ^oriiHKpi^ 
HMMiiimemy xe 4>iipeAej%eape:w i^iM^ cy caiio n^eiikAHU 



*♦) Encicl. $. t45, t46. 



MA UFATHii opfirasA- 

cvenesK VAi^ie , a j npapo^iK ene re onpa^^ettoem 
c«rr«BAOijr coftiM sa eeCe aaec^HO cyutTecvBOsaibe. 

Ha japoaa aace6HOCTH h cnoAiiooTH caoiaK 
onpeAeJbe»a, upapo/ia aarjeAa aao 04y*iaiiia h aaofi* 
xo^HO tfaKe ; iep tmcao ie caMO yHyrpaiuiaa . csesa 
npnpo/^e, a paaue CTpaae ibene^ noie a^eia nocTa«» 
BJba y ysataMHH o/iHOuiai, yaea ce floaaayiy leao ae» 
iiH?o oaHOcva^HO y Me^yco6iiaai o^iioiuaiy.' IIocTene* 
HOCT cBHiy rpana npapo^e cacroia ce yvOMe, ujto 
noiaM cattJifbyie cnojbHcicr. npapo/^e, ^afifl aanocae^- 
ay BocnocTaBHO ce^aaaoBoiy aoveBeTHOcr, aoia ie 
Hapyuieaa y npapo^a. 

Ha CAQAcoMMBwoeTii. ^HMa onpe^j^eada aaa cre- 
neua , aoie MHuubefte Ha«ia3a y npapo^a , ocuHsa ce 
^eotfa ^H.ioco«Hie npapo^e aa vpa ^qab ; a/ mexa-^ 
uuna^ 6) ffiuBHK^ n %) opeanuKa. 

a) M^xctHUKa*^ 

MexaHHKa pacMarpa npapo^y , aao ocTaapeiiy 
H^eiy y iiaisetioi cnajbHOcra, yaa/^y mexaHasMa. Me- 
xaHHKa MMa TpH CTenena : a) Hainpe oua cMarpa Me- 
xdHHHKy npHpo^y no K>eHoi aojiaaofkH , a««a ne aao 
CTBapHo, MaTepHia^Ro ^Saha^ Belt aao a^eia^uy cnojb- 
HOCT, Roia Tea luro ie Haam««a aa nacre a^eie-^ na 
ioui HOCH aapaarep a/^eia^uH. To ie t'aao peha, Ma- 
Teina^H^iHa npapo^^a. Ko^ H.e ie a wenpeaaflHOcT, ae- 
paa^ejbHBOCT , iuto ie t^BOicTaeao a^eia r CiioacHOCT 
HJiH paaaardibe, iiixO Ie ctboIctb^ho npapOAa. Ta 
crpaHa npnpo^e iecre npocrop; i^ ie cawa a^eia y 
c^Hi^a nenocpe^Hor tfaha; iep npocxop ie acTerfer- 
HOCT y c&iitot acToaeraocTH , aoia aenocrom y iaa« 
c^a, Beh y caaoM caevy. y npoeropy > caaaar mipe^e* 
Jbeaa roMaa „od4e*"il o/^aoieaa Ie o|^ €icni«|ix voHaa 
H HCTOBeTHa ie c naiaa. Paa^ajbaBOCT tohiui. y mji-s 
CTOM npocTOpy iecre yie;^HO a AHXdaa HenpeaaAHOcr 
(ie^HHcrao). - 



xEraoBG «irjiocoiiiHiE. S4l 

Pa^fleAHBocT npocropa iecre, raKO pehH, ciio- 
pe^HO CBOic^PBo , iep y ny^cropy Bd^B.iabyie Menpe^* 
MHAHOCT (i^^ffRCTBO). Obb h*ih OBe TOHHe H BeMB y 
iipocvopyr Tie t'Of Ae /^aie npoeTOpy Bpeme. Ho h Bpe- 
me, Koie noevaBAa re t^nne (nyBKre) , caMo nx yBH* 
iiiTasa, noTOMe iuto y BpeiweHy xe xoMKe He nocroie 
Mupno ie^iia noKpai ^"pyve , Beh ce HOcTeno cjiHBaiy 
ie/^Ha y /^pyiy. 

6) Hperafhe. Ka^ ce yie^nHH npocrop n Bpenie 
OHAH <HBa nperaibe , pa3BirTaR. Y Rperaifcy cae ie^* 
HaKO ee nocTaB^a ie^HRCTBO b npoTHanoaiosKRocT 
^Beiy crpana evpaaa (moineHTa) neroaux --^ npocro- 
pa H BpemeHa. Kao iuto y .Aorni^H peayarar Caha 
(werden) iecre cym*ecTBOB«i*e (Daeein) , tbko h 
peayarar KpeTan>a Hdia BH^iiMor yie^HH>eH»a npocro* 
pa H Bpemoaa , iecre juar^puia. y aieB<ei ^yspcroliH 
or^e^a ce HenpeKB^NocT npocropa , a y cjiOMcaocrH 
*^ pas/tejbHBOCT BpetieHa. CaaRa rouxay csaKO ^oe&e^ 
y daerasy , no JieoCxo^ROM rpetfoaaKiy noina , o^ho* 
<>■ ce y^pyiKii ro^KU ^ ^pyroif ^0460^ : to ie mporee. A 
HO cMjiH ^apcTolie) ie;^iiai tohrb nayaRMa Apy'*y ^^ *^^ 

MttOBeinia le^miHj^a Beirpecrano reace ^a y npo- 
Tery caevaae jl»difo ; a4a npH caoi roi TeacibH oae 
ocvaiy ie/|Ra sdH Apyt"^* ^^ Henpeeraaa resKAa ieA"<- 
nmia r ie^RNerBy, a Me^yraw ibHxoB^ Henpecraaa ea«- 
MO€ina.iHOor «— 'ieore rej/cun^a. V reotcunu no/^nyRo ce 
oc^Bapaaa noiam ^^nrtpoie, Cfiaita roHita Mareprfie 
npHTHeicyie /^pyryivcBe reace, tbro peKa, ao lie npe 
^9opera no t^eHrpa reMHiie^ a.«B yaeK ocraiy ie/^na 
nam ^yre *). 

nmia bwih ro^Ra (aroiil) A^icrayie n OACaiaiyliR it 
hpHB^a^efca a eefiii APy^^ ie^HUBiie) to owa 110- 



^) BqcicL $. 

raacHiB 3LVII. id 



t4S ffPATKH nVRrjkE:^' 

cTaie epe/(cpeyi(a niixoBa h o^^i^Mia <>v^ cefie APy^® '''®" 
Ke epc^ep^^^e ieAaiiiii^a , Kao €Boiy rpatinilty. Ha ^qm 
ocuoey Atarepvia HHie ie^Ha o^iynajm tiacai, Reii ofipa^' 
.lyie MHoro aacefiitHX Maca h^h. Te.ta. Tai- MQMeHT.aa"* 
ce^HOCTH y DpMpo^n ofi^psKaaa ee aatfionoM vexa- 

HH1KHM. 

Ho s6oT oBoie cnovbHOcra h paBiio/^yuiHiia ie^ne 
npema ^pyroi, xe mace noifiaayiy y ceCii oauo KauoH' 
Hu jnexuHusnM^ t. i* Kpetaibe. h craiaibe CBMor Te.ia 
dasiietf o/l ^pyitn* TCiia, a OBOra o^ xpeiiera ii t^ A* 
^o 6e3KOHaHiiooTH ; a iio^inyHor h yie/imbeHor Kpe-^ 
Taiba y i^ejioi cnoreMH Te««a , neMa ioui y obom K0r 
HdHHOM iiexaHH3My. 

KpeTa»e Ty ce yseic o6iaoifcaBa cooaiibm yapo-^ 
KOM, a Taao hcto h oraia^e npe^craajba ce sao no-» 
cjM/^Hj^a HeaoKpeT^ocTH ifavtepHie. Osa reyia c.ie^ae 
Grpaae npHTHCicyiy ie/^no Apyi>) a, no csoioi neno-* 
Np^THOCTfi, o/v^aiaiy ie/^aO APy>^9 c ^pyre oaeTiCrpa* 
ne oaa raace y ita^afby nocTRha ie^iiHCVBO ca xBoiHia 
^6co^yTaHiii'.(c^Bpiu6HUAi) i](«ftTpo.ii Te»HBe. Kaomvo 
CNO BHuie BH^ejiH RpeTaifce ie ie^NHOTBO BpeMeaa h 
npocTopa: ^aKae Kperaibe ie noMHomeibe apeMena ca 
caiiHM o&^om; ^pyriiM pentia: npoerop, koim npb^asH 
nav^aiyte Te.io Mepa oo Ksa/^paTHMa apeMeaa, a^€p»- 
aaaa na^iylier Teaa y ibetoBon .Toay, niepa ce. Kea^ 
ApaTwaa npocTopa. y 6afi^aH>y oie^m^aBa ce y^yap c 
na^aibaM, — oQ*«eTaKC apai^N, a^a to ^aaa e«iyHai« 
h6 H no TQNe , aifo T0aa , aoia cy «a' rai aa^iiHi no* 
Kpeayra y npaaoi AHiiHia^ yaaHaiy apaay «»Hiifiiy na* 
pa0o;iy, oner oaa itenory y,€mon icperaifcy <npe^CT|fcMi*> 
TH Kpyray ^HHuiy , y Koioi 6h ce noiexaa c Kpaien 
no^ityjif^ €^Ta.Bao. Kpry^r^y aaNaiy aao HMcaig^uieHHie 
Npeoiaito^ nocTaaasaiy tafia y AScoj^noi Mtwauum. 

V . d^oAyTHa JteivaHUua pacnaTpa yaaiiiiHH o^aouuii 
Tejia, Koia cacTaa^aiy no/^nyay cacxeMy, y Koioi ce 
caspmeHo ocTBapasa noiaiti KpeTaH>a, uao i^^aacTBO 



M^HT npHQJiaMeiba: tj ie ie^no Tejio. cai^^CTa^no , a 
^jryro HecaiiiocT^.iHo h caMo ce.oy^HocH k ^pjroM Ter 
ay. MoMCHT o^CHiaiba iia^Baafejie ^y cHcxeniH y cji- 
CTQMH nenoBpeTHHX asea/^a. A x^e ce Ta ^Ba moMeii- 
xa — npHB.iaHeibe h o^5ifiaH>e — najiaae y caBpuie^i 
ifoi (a^coviyxHoi) hcxobcxhocxh , xamo ce xio^nyiio 
ocxBapaBa noiaiti Kpexaifca , a xo Cusa y cyfisauoi 
cHCxeMH. Ty ie CBaito xeao, Kao ^eo neae chcxcmc, 
H i^enxap h noBpiuHHa^ — i^eHxap eaMO y ce6H , a 
nepH^epnla npema CBome raasHOMe i^enxpy. Tbrhm 
H^HHHOM cyHMBiia ie cucxeMa iiaicaBpmeHHie yMOaa- 
KAjHeibe , KaKo cawo Moate 6hxh y coepa MexaHWKp. 
Kao luxp ie no^ aorHice iiaicaBpiueHiiie oho ymoaa* 
K^byneibe , y KOMe CBaisH xepMHH hjih Moueiix B^eroB^ 
HMa y ce6H CBe ocxaae moMeifxe (csenuixe , aaceCHO 

H ie^HHHHHO), xaKO HCXO H KOfl cyHiBHe CHCxeMe CBa 

xejia HMaiy y cej^H m npHBaaneibe u o^CHiao^e. h xeme- 
bn K cyHny, nocpe^yiy ie^ao.^pyroM y xoi xeii&HbH. — *) 

6) 0usMHa. 

A6coAyTua MexauuKa cupoBO^H Bac ;^o <^B3HKe 
IIpe^Mex ie xe mexanHKe , isao mxo cmo Bu^eaH, xa- 
KdB KO.iHHHH p^HOuiai xe^a I y KOMe CBauo o^ h^hk 
Cy^yhH 3ace5HHM.ij(eHxpoM ii ;^BifaKy)iii ce oko CBO^e. 
ocoBHHe, y HCXO BpeMe anpe/^ejbaBa ce OAHOuiaiejip k 
onuixeM nenxpy, h i^eHxpajina xe^ia nowaayiy CBoiy 
pay^iby caMO noiiioKy o^noiuaia k xeaBMa uoBpiuiMie^ 
TaKBHM BdMUHOM BQuixecxBO Henouasyie ce ^BHnip pap- 
HO/^yuiuo ie^HO npema ;^pyroM y CBoiHiu ^eaoBHina, 
Bch Kao ^►opma xapMonH*iHor yaaiwHor o^nouiaia neii- 
xpa H liOBpiiiHHe. Cuaa neHxpa ]\w^t'sy\^ Ha ci^aKy 
xoHKy nOBpiuHHe , ajiH xo ^eicxBO ycaoBJbBBa ce aaceC- 



'^) Bhah Encicl. §, tio, . . 

16* 



t44 RPATinr npcr^t:^ 

HHM Sflfcen noBpuiHRe; CBaxo oner (iHlie ttOBptnirfie 
iKifBM BnceSnwm wrbotom b y hcto Bpeue obo Mome off- 
CTBTB caMO npn resKibn ic i;eNTpy. BenrrecTBo , (^f. 
^y^n npoHHRiiyTo raROiif 4»opM0M, ocraBAa B«ti csoi- 
CTBB KoJiBKohe B npBKa Race cBoicTBa. KaRBOhe, b.ih 
npe.ta3R y c^epy 4>if3HKe. 

y mexaHHKR npesjiabyie RBTeropBia ffBi^a, a y 
«H3BRH RareropHia cyiuTHiie. *) 

4^H3HKA 4E^H CE HA TPH ^KJIA : 

fi) ^usuua onuite uHdueudyajuocru (He^ejiRMOCTH) 
roBopR nainpe o ceeTAocru^ Rao nierepHiH, ROia ie hc- 
TOaeTRa ca coffom cdMOM, r o OHOme iiiro npe^ci^B- 
A»a caerjiocT , rbo : cynny , aeeadoMn , uojternjta , Me- 
ceqy b Hanocf^e^^Ry o seMjbR c AeHHUi e.ieMeHTBiiia 
fl MereopOiiorHHRHM noiaBRMa. 

ffj ^usuxa noieduue unduBvdyaJiuocTU rOBOpR o 
6op6H BR^^BBH^yajiiiocTB 6 TencBHOM. SeMAa rbo cRyn 
«opMH, ca^^psRB y ce5H MarepRiy csHiy <i»opMH. Do- 
Tome Ha H.oi reuiRo HeopraRRHHO aeiuTecTBo cryna y 
OAHOiuai c«opM6M, Koioi ie CBoicTBeHO ^aaaTR onpe- 
;^ejbeRH nn^ Reonpe;^ejbeMoi MaTepRtR. 

4'opMa onpe^exaea MarepHiy rpoiaRHM Ra^HHOMr 

a) y o;\HOCHot TeaRRHH Tejia, <i>opMa onpe^eia- 
BB Hiacy; iep ry ie pa3jiHMa» cduo o^iiomai o6tmB. 
npenia TeBSHHR. 

6J y MexdHRMROM o^Boniaiy ^na Tejia Me^y co- 
6oiir, «tiopiira TaKo^e cacTasjba ocrob ftRxbae pasjin" 
Re. HapcToha re^a b H>eroB o^nop 4pyroMe xejiy, 
noRa3yie ce Rao ro^h^hh oacraB, roIh ^ojiaaa 04 r3- 
secHe RBRBohe. y camoM nonyiuraiby MBpcxohe Te^a 
H cacTBBy ie/\Hora c ^pyrHM, uito Crbb hb pastiRRa- 



*) Bhah Encicl. §. tio— til. 



XEFJIOBE «H^OCO«sHiE. 849 

MHH ua^ ce paapyuiH xe^o, onaasa ce &eroB yHyrp^uH 
ibH cacTas; Tai ce cacTas ocHH^a Ha KaK&ohH. /(pyr«? 
HHie ce pyiuH ispTO, ^^pyrMHie Koie ie cacTdB^eHo iia 
jiHimia , a ^pyr»iHie onex oho , noi^ ce cacxoiH h3 
caoieea* 

e) Hanocae^Ky xejio ^oCaia ua hobo CBoiy 4K>p« 
ny H nocJie Mexaninttor A^icTsa na ft^ra APyror xer 
jia5 H^ocHosy ejiacxHMHocxH. Cnoybuii Hspaa xe «op* 
Me H iaBAaibe ce6e y noxpecHina cy^apaiyher ce Bd3« 
^yxa, iecxe ^^yn. Hanocjie/^Ky caBpiueHO pa3pyuie<t 
ibe maxepHie h 6e3ycaOBHO nonyuixaibe AeHO «op« 

e) 0u3UKa aodnjfue undtteudyaAuocru noHaayie 
isaKo ce Maxepuia, uoia ie no^Bpryxa <>opMH, ye^^e* 
pH HeopraHH*iKe ^H3HKe , onpe^ejbasa iihuo aaRona 
xe^Kune. HnuHxe^bu npu xaKOM oiipeAeAaBas>y ft^H 
fl>o.piiiHp^u>y xeji9, iecy; JHaeueru^aJt^. eA^HrpuaoM h 

Ho M xo onpeAeji»eH»e ioui naie caBpiueno , iep 
xy le yBeu OHO, uixo ie Qnpe^ejbeHo , neuixo ^y- 
ro, iipaNa ohom uixo ra onpe/^ejbaBa ; aao ce ueno* 
ic^3yie Kao cpe^cpe^a i^eae paAfi>e ie^uor icy6ieifi- 
xA, Be|i 4cao no^e^^ibe xe pa^ibe na MHOre cj^Cieie* 
xe. Ka^ ce onpe^ejbeibe ii paaaoJKeibe cspuiaBa y 
v^Ahou cy6iei$xy, xaao ^a ou cbm ceCu ciyjKH aa 
u^A ^ VLAVk Aaie oh can h iioierav h cpe^iiHa h Kpai^ 
OH^a ce iasAa opranHiKH npouaao^ npHpo^e , kah 
hchbox h «H3HKa npei«a3H y opeanuny, ^) 

•) OpeauuKa 

OpranH^fkii jrhbot ima xpH cxenena: 
a) IIpBH cxenen cacxaBJia eeoAoeuHnu opennusaM. 
y xoM opraHH3My cyCioKx m iberos nppqec Hajfa3e 



^) filiAli ElHJUl. g« f 1t^-*A3^ 



C46 icpATKH npErjix:/^ 

ce ie^HO bAh ^tpyrora ; iep npoi^ec npe^cf asjbd ne- 
niTo luTo le npofjijio , a caMw cySjeKx npe/^CTaejba 
bcTaraK TOra npoi^eca. — 

6) ApytH creneH cactaexa opeauuaam pacrufha^ 
y KOMe CBaim /^eo , ceaKH nynfcr npe/^CTaB;;ba i^eak 
opraHHaam. ycBome pasBHTRy (pacTy) pacTRibe npo- 
H3BO/^H Hoae HH/^HBH/^yyitfe (He^ejiBwe ieflHHHue) C to- 
ra Ko;^ ibera neiira no^nyHO pasBHTOr ie;^HffCTB4; urn- 
BOT AerOB yseK ciToin, tbro pelku, Ban tbera. HaTdM 
ocWOBy npoi^ec ]K>Aa npe^tcraBjba je^^^uo hcto, m*o li 
npoij^ec BH^a h^h HR/^HBH^ya.mor ncHBOTd *) • 

e) Tpeha CTenen opraHuirce npHpo^e cdcraajbtt 
mrueoTHu op^aftusaM. y tbemy ce noA"9Re xchbot h3 
npaxa (pacnaAnyKa) npe^xo^eher CTenena , pa^ii ie- 
AifucTBa , T. i. Bpalia ce ie^HHHt^H itoia nocroiii pa^it 
eefie h npoi^ec po/^ft o^Baia ce Ofl^ Rn^HBii/^ya^nor 
iKimoTa. Ho nao iuto y »mbotrom HH/^tiBH/^yyary, nptt 
o^evbeiby HH^HBH/^yaanor npou^eca o^ npoqeca po^a, 
HeMa iom npaBe HCToaeTHOCTii ie/^nora c ^pyrifM, to 
Hfi/|aBH4ifyyM neo^roBapa no^^nyHO cBome po^y n 
RsaaHBa npoTUB ce5e aero ay pyineliy cnay. no*fe* 
TBK Tora ^^elcTBB iecTe ^oaecr^ a Kpai — cMpT*. y 
6oaecTM noisaayie ce ^a Hh^HBH/^yytn y caiioi ctbH'- 
pH Heo^rdBapa cBO^e po^y , na cwphy yHHrnraBa Ta 
iiecopaaMepHOCT r BiifBorHH HH^MBH^yyiii npeaaaik y 
HA'eiy po^a, yiieiiiTO onmi^e, M^eiaaHO. CMpTienpe'- 
4ia» iecracTBa K^yxy. *) 

III. *HJlOCO*HlA ^yXA.') 

CBeonnixe (po^) nombtiy cmpTH nocTuaaBa hc- 
TOBexHocT ca C06011, aan xa ie iicTOBeTHOQT o^ayn- 



1) Enricl. §. 3*3— ^4;».. 

*) Encicl. §. 350—376. 

*) IIphiiieaba: Ca obhm xpefcan AeaoM Xeraoae ♦Haoco- 
♦Hle Mor.iH cy ce noaHavn ^HvaoiiH F^iaeitHBa no ohon 



aa ; y tbox te ona npor^BnoaomeiiocT mmehy neno* 

xoBOr po^a j yHHuiTaBa camo no ^opMii , t. i. ue pa- 
^H Tora camor cy6ieKTa, koIh ymupe. To noicaayie 
^a noianf Henaaaati CeSn no^myuov napaaa y qapcxey 
mHBOTHiba. noimy , icao juto B^au Xera^ cBoictBeHo 
ie ie^HiiCTBO OHora luro ie onuiTe h OHora iiito ie 
3ace5Ho h to y te/^now hctom cyCicKTy. CamO y cy- 
6ieRTy c TakHiu ie/\HHCTBOM noiau nocTHaasa ceSe. 

Tawafi cyfiieKT iecxe (Jy.r. y ^yxy aoth^ksl n^e- 
ia . Koia ce HapasHaa y npHpo^H , Bpaf^a ce k ceSu 
caiMoi; yapoK cmiiy npHpo^HHx npoM€'Ha H/^eiaHaaasH 
camo y ceSa m to , iuto ie ^o ca^ 6hao npe^MCT, 
ca^ CB npeoCpaha y cyPiwHT, nolaM. flyx ie HCTOBeT- 
HOCT ca coffoM : HCTOseTHOCT OHora , uito ce nenpe- 
CTaao iasjia y iipupo^n, ca ohhm iuto npe^nsa y ce- 
6h. ,^yxy ie CBoicTiena' cAo6dda^ Mera nfeMaynpHpb- 
^it. lloTonie c6e caaKe, Koie ySHwa na ce'^yx, iteHa- 
aaae ce ie/^n^ Bau /^pyre Haa nope^ flpyre , seh cae 
cRyiia cacT^iBJbaiy i'e^aa npoi^ec ^yxa , koih npoaaaa 
TC caaae pe/i^ojii , /^oiiae iiecTBopii no/^nyao te>HXOBO 
ie^HiicTBO y cefiia — aa Bameiii CTeneiiy cBora' h3- 
paaa 

Ilo cao6o/ia , Koid ie CBoicxBena ^y^ny , oa aaie 
aeiuTO aenocpe^BO, totobo a npe^nocTaajteao , aeh 
oa cam Mopa aainpe ad4aaaTa ceiSe Tame, iuTo oa iecTe. 
(!J Tora /^yx no^aibe CBoipaaaaTaK d^aooiaieM'ttnpa- 
po^a fl cseaoM e H>oiiie, flaie moaue nocTeneao caaaa- 
TH , aao cBoie npeAnocTaBa»eH>e a ySBacaTa ce ^o 
CBoie cyCcTaanaie — aa cTenea aficoayTaor ^y%2L. 
y TOM RpttTBHiy ^yk" npoaaSH Tpa exeneaa : a) CTe- 



caorasy r..^. ^aTiiba.: ^pai?Ka np^rae^ ocTOpmsaor 
paasHtKa aa^eaa , npasa , aopajia h ^pxsiBe*^ iuto ie 
lUTaMnaa y III. Kii»H3H. y ton cacTasy orae^^a ce fl^jx 
Xeraose ♦R.iono^nie. ... i : { 



t48 , HPATHH nP£r»1£A' 

nes cy6ieKru9iioe dyxa^ aanftM 6) o^^HTumoe h Hano- 
cjMs^Ky 0^ aScojigTuo^ ^ xao ieAHHCTBd cy6ieKTa h o5- 
ieKTa. 

n^ Cy6i$KTneHU dyx^ 

^yx yonuire HHie HHUixa APy^o , Hero HCTHHa 
npHpo^^e. UpoHSJiaaehH h3 npHpo^e y ^x casnale na- 
nocae^^Ky, ^a ie npiipo^y npe/^nocxaBHO oh cam, ^a 
ie npupo^^a fterOBO npe^\nocTaB.«:ieH.ey ho ^o xoraca- 
3HaEba OH /\oaa3H caiwo nocreneno' ^yx, uao cyfiieK- 
thbhoct, npeM^a c ie^ne cxpane ca^^pacH yce6H H^e- 
iaanocT CBHiy onpe/^ejbeii>a (Bestimmung'en) nao Ay^^ 
CBCTa, y Koioi ie ycpe^cpeben acHisoT npHpo^e; ho c 
/^pyre oner crpane h oh caw , nab ^y'^^ HH^HBiifly- 
aana, onpe^^-^aBa ce iieiHiu ^pyrHw. — 

TaKO ie ouuixe CBoicxBO cySieicxHEHor ^yxa. 
HaiyKa b cyfiicKxHBHOM v^iyxy flCt^H ce TaKob^ na 
xpH ^e.ia: 

npeu'^uTponoJioeuia pacmaxpa cyCieKXHBHH /^yx, 
KanaB ie oh caw y ce6H^ y cbom nenocpe^HOM BH^y, 
— H.IH /^OK ie OH ioui xaKO pefcn cjiKBen c npHpo^oiii 
H o/^ Hie aaBHCH. 

^pyeu ' ^enoMeuojioeuia dyxa pacmaxpa cyCieK- 
XHBHH ^yx y aeroBOM (jHhy aa ce6e c^^BoiaKom cbc- 
luhy. u^iH Ka/^ OH noiiaayie ^bc cxpane cBecxH. 

ITpe^a^wex rpehee deAa-fJcuxoAoeuie iecxe ^yuia^ 
Koia cama ce6e onpeflejsaBa h noiwohy CBecxH ^^oSnia 
MOryhnocx ^a nocxane cySiewx. *) 

a) ^HTpottQJitQeufa. 

AnxponoaoTHia pacMaxpa uenpecxanH xok ohhx 
npOMena m^h onpe^e^eH>a , Koie ;^oC^ia ^/^yx o^ npH- 



'^) Bh^h Enciel. §. 387. 



fo^e y cBC^e Tewiy. By^y^'* aavitcliH ^ o^ npicpoA^ h 
O)!^ &e AO0«iaiyKii caoiy onpeAejbenocT-, ^yx iioc*rbi« 
Nainpe Rao Ayi|ia. /(a 6« /^oiuao f^o eeoie c^otfo^e^ 
4yx noiHifce osoi pasakTait o^ raito^ oraiba, koit fiuie 
cjiQ6oi^no. ... 

XliiBot ^yifiQ, Aoft ie y wpH^y npifpoAe ^ kohh- 
Ae ce iberoBHM npasHM it p<»ifiO 6h Heapometi^HBHM 
cBoicTBttMa, Koia -My upapo^a ^ale. • 

Ta cBotcTBa iecy oauira h aacetfna. Otimra cy 
ona, Koia Miuiee d^ ffmaoira ntSLcejiene. noJK)fstiai ae* 
sfjue y C9ICT0MII n^aHeriroi ii]peaMrytiCT0eiio no/tiioMa- 
ttfe oyiuTec?rBOBaibe Ay^^- Ho ae«i^a ie MOpajia npe^ 
Tpnern Mnore n^fespare ^ ^oit ie no<Tra4a A^^'r^i*^*' 
xpawoRi Ayxa. noc^be^Kt^ 'tax npespara iecre ^y%\ 
MO y caiMoi craapH om ie ycvda flyta , iwh ^yx i>e 
npe/|nocTaB.%eH csmHtd /^yxom. 

^^ OOHM THX OIltilTHX CUOicTBCl , /^yX HMa iouf M 

aaceCna CBaicTBa, Koia daBa<'6-0A noie^Rifiix cBoicnriva 
HaaeoRor n;teMeHa, Mec*ra , aapo/^a k aatioejie^tfy 6^ 
paaaaxe nojia -^ iiiyxuKaif»a h xceMdtHi^a. 

ej Banoc^ie^Ky oniiiTa h aacetfua evpaaa Ay^% 
cieviuifaaBaiy ce h iaaj^aiy y onpe/^e^beaoi ie^HHR^uoi 
«opiiH HH^HBH/iyMa (aMHHOmi), y R»erOBHM HarotniMa, 
xaMnepameHTy,* Taaeirry, aKeimiy a t /^. 

tfi(fy Hu^HRif/^yM (jH^ROCT fia/^eaHMOc^) iecre qe- 
jimia) Roia y celS« ca^pacu CBoicTBa njieiioRa, uapo^a^ 
TeMnepameaTa « no*va. Ha tom ocnoiiy 4Rhho€T miie 
Beaana- sa ie^wo cboictbo , nch Mome npefiaairrR a^ 
ie^HHx K ^pyruBfa. -^ Ta npea Jiy«ia tMo^Jo^e noRa«> 
ayie ce y npomeHaMa > Koie npo^asH /^yuia to aa;^ 
3KHBO cyiuxecTBO pacre , to kr^ oiio cnaaa imii ce 
aa.ia3H y Cy^aow craiby. ... > 

Cnaaaifce a SyfiUQ .as^i^^ ,.t;vr. cy Tf^n iipiiPV^P 
acoBora, y KoiHMa ce HenpecTano Meifcaiy h tbko peha 
6ope y Hoaeay ^se CTpaae: iecrecTAoaa it ^ysBoaaa. 
05e re crpaae caHsaiy ce a npouHny/^d catitTif y 



iKHBory ,^ RoiH.Xer&i ua3liBa MaptnuvM. .-Cb^ !>s"^^9 
«bie Hac Be»y ca npHpo^OM m Koie cy pacraBAeHe 
Ha MoiieHTa Bpeflnenaf cnoieHe: cy y tom MarHiHOM 
€TaiH>yf :Ty coa^a ; np^^ooe&0i6e^ MaenermaM h ^yidv^o. 
CreneHH TaKor CTaiba aasHce o;^ Tora , y KaicBoi ie 
MopH. ie^HHi) <^^CY paa^^jb^Ha ira ^Boie. Y crafty ma- 
jPHeTH9iia iecipecTaeHH a«pBOT riWiiiocvH tnouf ^aKo 
pehH npHKOaaH k ciiQCTii ^yrora JiHUflL^ TaiiHM natir- 
yoM.ie^ifOi Jiime peKo 6h ^e-ia ce Ha ^Boie, bo nai- 
aeha vi^mHitocT aoKasyij^ ce y iiraiby ay^iuia. 

iNiy Ka^ ^BoUiOEC'e ^MiMiiOjpTii. ^o^e a<) HaiBHiueir 
cyreBetia, on/ta ce OBpiJia^ npe^om. y ^aKlfBOTy, jioc.«e 
Mora AOJiaafi . ce 40 ie^iufCTBa , ^ojiaaii ;^o no^^^ 
^yxa HB^ npupQ^OM. H. ^Q iipaBor yT^[)l7efta ^yxa ca 
W^BHCTBOM. CBwr« y Te4y. Ta^a ^x npoHii^e co6oii 
TCJio H npHcycTByie y ibeBy, nao y CBOMe opraay. 
To yie^MRiefbe ^'X9i H xe^a : y.TBpfeyie ce : n) thmc, 
uifo. 4yx KaBHBaBa ^c^iyBtBTH ^ie cBOiHRi oprailHiia; 
iry TBMe, uira ;^yx BO^nyHO u cyiutrecTBeno xipoBHHe 
CBO Tejio , uao rnxo to oDHcyie *H3HorHOMBKa; b) 
pa^ftoii, ifoiy hhhh ^ynx^ y Kperatty ve^a* Ka^ Ay^^ 
caap^ y Te.iy h no^uie Baa/varB HOfne, on^a ce opvio* 
Gobaaa o/^ .npBaui»er craiMi cBora, Koie ie onpeA-e- 
jbeno 6Hao Te^OM , h uo«]Bu»e o/|hochtm ce b coCh^ 
KBO €Jio6o;|na ' CBBoniuTOOT , . KBo ia^ o^jyiBBaiyhB 
oefie OA esera cnojbBor. Tana yByipaiuaa /iboIboct 
N ie^HBCTBO Ayxa y ccSb h o^aHKOBBHie ce6e 04 caera 
uiTQ ie npejua fl>eMy, kbo caeoniuTOCTH, cno^ao , ie^ 
ere caecT *— npe^Mer OfeBOiiieHOJiorBie. *) ' - 

4>eHOMeHoaorHia ^yxa aaysBMa cpe^HHy H3Meliy 
AHTponoaOTBie h IleHxofjiorHie. **) 



*) Enrich §. dB7 — 4 it. 
'*'*) Encicl. §. 41*. 



XETJiovf: i»k«iooo«HiE. tn 

C^ecT , nao q>e4fbK TepwHH MeHy AiiTpODoaoritf- 
ioM N ncNXO^prnioM, npo^aan rpH'cveneaa: 

a«^ Ceecr nao CBecT) t. i aao Henocpe/^aocT, y 
ftcoioi c^ Hainpe iaajba ^yeoreeua HseecmccT^ ^aniM 
cMarpathe h Hanoc^eflay pncyhueaf^e. 

6€) CaMoeeeer^ *oia lirpadHaBaiyl^H ^pyre aif^iao^ 
CTH H eaeonfiTpy caecr ysBifiuaBa ce aa cretfea ymav 

»6) Ka/^ HoseK no^iohy i^Beonmre' camocaecM 
^o^e ^o TOr yCeheiia, ^a cae to, mro pocroiM saa 
ifrera^ aeaa y ceCa Hmuia Baiue, ^o oho into an HRia 
y ce6H H tHTOoa onpe^e^baaa obqu>m cySieaTHaHOu^j;, 
oH^a TB cy6ieKTHBHOCT caMocBecTH , TO 6ii!ie caecm- 
iiiTera y ^pyrome pa^a ce6e , iecre yfi, ujh y cetfa 
H. p^/^a ce6e Be.iHonocxoie^a acTHua. 

CaMOcaecT, aoia ie seh npoHaKiiyTa yaepe^ejii, 
^a cy caa H>eHa onpe^eybeaia (Besiknmutigen) CTBapiia 
j/k cymTecTBeaa ie^aao aaroj ihto cy xa onpe;^eJbeiba 
ifceiie mhc4h; Taaa caiwocBecT iecxe iicTHna, aoia ca- 
3Haie ce0e, aaa ;^yx; noxowe iiixo xa cawbcaecx hmb 
yBepeH»e y CBoioi 6e3KOHa*iHoi caeoiiuixocxM, y cao- 
ioi cnoco^HOcxa onpe^ejbaBaxH CBe cbohm , BQiiaoM, 
aao CBoioM yHyxpaiuibOM <&opHO!ii. *) 

4/ ncuQcOfAoeuia, 

IIpe^Mex ncnxoaoraie iecxe flyx, a ^yx aao ca- 
aaasaiyha ce6e qe.iaHa, aao no^nyHocx caaiy Heuo- 
cpe^HHx CBoicxaa ^yme, iecxe ie^aacxBO h^h Hcxana 
^lue k CBecxH. 

KpexBEbe /^yxa iecxe pasBHxaa, iep ^yx ie, aao 
cadHaaaiyiia ceCe Hcxnaa, cam y cefiia onpe/^e^eu k 
y ce5e HMd caofy *i;e^, ^aaae y cbom iperaiby aenpe- 
jiaaa y aeuixo Apyi*^^ ''<' tsUfO tio ^opurif npeAaaa y 
iaaaocT, aaa a y iasaocxa ocxaie yaea npa ce^^a. 



^) Eacicl. §. 414—439* 



Taiio np^rai^e iecre in^ uitomh aoeeiio pasuttjOK ^). 
4yx, Kaa caanaBaiyha ce(^e HCTHna, onpaa^aa ie^HH* 
tTBO CBoie H^^eiaaHOCTii, hjih cy^ieHTHBHOcm ca npe^- 
MeroM /^BOlaRHN HaMHttoiM: HjiH npe/^iieT iidJiasH y ceCii 
H ^pHcn ra Kao CBoiy coficTBeHocr, uao Heiuxo juto 
y meny nocroin, hah ra QAo6oj^HOfA pa/^ibOM nocra- 
BJiba Baa ce6e, icao HeuiTO, uito ie H>eroB CTsopi iuto 
lie o/( »era npoMsaiu^o. ^ npBom cMHcay pa^^&a ^yxa 
aose oe reaperuHua^ a y ;^pyroM npaKtuuna.''^) 

y T6dp6TR4iK>i pa^iiiM ^yx nainpe npama iipe/^«- 
Misfe npifpo^te ^yMctm>vi nbo h6iiito< ie^HHiMHO ae^e^ 

JIMMO; 

Ho flyx no npHfio^H cBoioi iecre cBeoliiiiTOcf, 
na aaxo oh h ie^HfiH^He npe^^meTe uo^vltrb y c*epy 
CBeoniuTocTH, HeyHUiUTaBaty^iH lue^yTHM ftuxoBy m^b- 
CTBeny ca^pjuuKy. Ta pa^iba flyxa Iecre yoOpaweiBei 

Hanoeae^Ky ica^ ce MyBCTseHa crpana npe^Mera 
cacBHM yKJiOHH li Ay^y npe;\CTaHe caMO yHy*rpauiB>a 
cTpana npe/^iwexa, nao iLerosa cymTHHa, OH^a to ie 
Mifui4»eH>e. 

Ha TOM cxeneny pa^ibe/^yxa, caeoniuTa cyiiiTHHa 
CTBapH iecre npoasBO^ SHaifca. Ty Beh ji;y\ npoHM^e 
CHpo3 cae TO, uirp My ce npe iaajbajio nao Heuiro 
APyro; ca^ oh y rowe ^pyrow bh^h caMOra ceCe h 
npusHaie A^ce oh y raoioi reoperMiKoi pa/^»>H onpe- 
^ejbaea caM coffont, h^h ^pyrHM pe^Md : ^a ^oaasH ^o 
CAo6dde\ — . 

Ka^ MHuiJbeH>e caana, ^a ie oho cyCcraHi^Hia 

ctaapH, ii3BOp ^eicrBBTeaHOCTH, OH^a ie oho BOjba, 

M^H^x npaKTuuHu — npe^Me'r ^pyror/^e^a Hcaxo^sorHie. 

Kao, lUTo ia y reoperH^iKoi pa^ibii ^y^^ jio^ierau 

6ho 9A ^lyacTBa) . Taiu> u y npaKTu^iHoi po^eraK ie o^ 



*) Encicl. §. 440—442. 
**) Encicl. §. 443—444. 



XEfJtOBC #lfJlO€0«tliE. tSS^ 

iiOAMti{)MT«. o»y H^x Oiiy iiorptt^jr. 

3a THH ^yx. ttc>«a aj^ie ]ipoii9BO.i , no KOite oh 
Caipa day HJm CHiy norpefijr ^ ie Hamipii.. 

Ho HM y npBoi, mi y ^yror paA"*" npaRTnvnop 
^yxa, T. i. vji y TemibH no^MiHpwnf passe .nofrpafieyaa 
y H36opy Tiix norpeCa, He»a ioni Hpdae ejotfo^e. 
y Toi pa^v><*H Ay^ ioax aaBifCH 04 ^pMpo^rax aarona 
H i^4H vexirro APy^^v * ^^ oefiQ. IIpaBeejiotfoAa iw 
Kaayie ^e h.ih nocraie va^, ita^ ;iyx y saMol veMibit 
aseUa aa aaroti^ He npa^MeT, aeh cviQ^o^y , t. ie 
me^H HCKaaaTH caMora ce6e, mejia. pasaHvaa csqr^ 
cymxecTBa. Ta cjio6o^a, aoia »ejiH camo cao6o^y, 
iecre o6ieKTHBHH ^%j hjui ocTaapeaa cjiofio^a ^yxa 
y caMOM npe/^inery. *) 

y Toi paAv^a ^yx ae reoKH npe^Nrevy^aai^ neMeMy 
mto ce pasijniifiyie ovt Bbeni, Beh rea&a f^ aap^aa ee0e, 
Aa ocraa^ cmm ym y Qpe^iieryj.. 

6) 06ieKTUMu dgx. 

CJioCo^ai Jtce^etbe c^otfo^^ I'oie^ o6ieitt*if BVif Ayl: 
Koiit irana pehn ^paayie^ optfauaaapa na ee0e v^p** 
et«Q y Nwfe Tora yna, rora ynicwieHat' Hai^Jka, nm^ 
cacTaB^a cyiuTHHy ^yxa. H^h ^pyrHin peMMa : C.id49^^aa 
BOAa, Roia eaiita y oefla Hwia-OBdteyiryrpauiAeenpe- 
^^ejBena h i|6^, 'Haaoca cede, y etto<«iio<T — liocroteiia 
tBet^ Kora caeraaifff /^eaoaa ieay? tioie^Hae aatpo*- 
tiojiot>HHae iioTpe^e, chovm* ^tip^^iiieYH npapo^^ ^ 
ysaiimiH o^aoiuai ie^HHMnax BO.»a, aoie 'aiiaiy ro, ^^ 
ey padJia«iHe. Ho npejiaaeha y rat cnogbaa caet, cjio^ 
6o;^aa aojiia Hery€ifce y »e!iiy. Hiial}^if i^eji ci46iy y 
be5H cBMol H (Ty^yha c^ofJo^naiii iioiiKm , hji^ 'I'eaeeliH 
;^a yaea ^y^e aa ce6e, ona nocTeneuo npeoCpasaaaa 



*") Eiicicl, §. 469 — 481. 



99% iQf AV«ii aP£rji«A 

HenocTane TdKae, /^% noAiiyHO o^voMopii notmy y^B^ 
TaRHM tia^iiaiOMr y 'TOm yetpoiattaAf i^aperita yma, 
KonasHH /^yx noMiiAe siajio^^ noMa,Ki> oc;to(^baaaTi« 
oe-:eA oBoie uoHmnaocnm^ cBoie cyfiieHTKBHocTR, Kao 
NeHera^ urro «iiie eajsocre^HO^ ii npHS^axaaa ce 06* 
A9^H B«MHor^ o6coayTAor Ay^* 

'Q6ie«THs«H ^yx aayaima cpe^Miiy aaMe^y Konan 
HHOr H a€c«>jiyvHOP ^yxa. TpK cy cvai^wa^ soia.Bjpox 
jiaaa oSv&nTunuK /iffx y Gsowe paasarKy : a/'Opaw-rr^ 
oAjtt^HHo: 4} Mm^aji; €) if>apmet$eHoeT hjik n^aBCTseav 
^yjKTaeHB aiMBpT. ^) 

BoAAy y iio*ieTKy cBoie.TeMCfte aa c^of o^m, iecTe 
90Aa Heuaop^Ha^ ieAHHH«i»a, h^n ^t|«9 Koi& HayavMa 
cBe lUTO ie Apyro npavi^ fte«py, HaysMMa c«aKO aPF^^ 
ieAHHHHHO jiHqe. HenpHKOCHoeecT xaKOr Jinqa iecre 
ffiopjnaAHo VLAVL odJiffHMo npa$o. 

Ho Ta HenocpeAHa BOJ»a f^^Xe h HSpaay CBOMe 
i^aacpeAHOcri Koia ie if^eua concTBeHOcr, HiiKOMe 
H/eisfHCTynHa, mo h «iiu|e. npe^iiteT co6cTBeNOCT« 
Maafe (^tii- cam^ teTvap, hiih to y noMy Hewa hh ywa 

^ Hepocpe^AHolf enQ^ferfioM napaay CBOine i^aa 
BQ4»a AO.ia3H y. AOAHP e Apyron. Ho Cy^yl^H cy o6e 
Tie BOyi>e ie^H^KQ ii^enpHK^oiioaeHe^ vq h rpaiuifJie ^arai 
HenocpaAHPr .wapaaa vopaiy. cy onpe^e^iHTH yaainHHN 
carjiacHien naliocp^HiiK bo^uh m»ih npoHaao^Aa^ : To 
(biaa y ^oreaopy. IIpeAMer AOf OBopa if^ace Crti^ cano 
To^'mro aaBHCB 04 npoaaaojia^ a. ue cama paayMaai 
BOJb^ij 41.U1 Tai^aa Ikp^AMeT, koih cyniTecraeHO i|pHnaAS| 

*bOW 



*) Encicl. §. 48e. 



XEVfKOBn «fIJMMO«aiE. UB 

y B0.1.H paayiMHoi h cAo6o^^»oi h moronne mome caRja-i 
uiaBai^K ee c h»qm. tbujcoao car««aeiiii9 h.«h iieisarjia- 
^i« — ^'o ie cacBHM c^jr^iaLiMi orpap; ii^p jvfOH^maA 
nema npanif jioe . h cBeeue.aopftiea^ CBoiy pa^pby. 3lfor, 
re cAysainocTH par^a^Hia a necaraacaia ieAiraHHHQ 
BO^e ca BOjbOB pa3y»aoj^ Moa^e Shth aespaii/^e h to 
pa3iiiiv. BiiAOBa HenpaB^e, koIh ^aiy 90904 cyno^y 11 

6op^H npOH3BO^a IM^ ie^HHH^HHT^ BOM^-r ' • .(^ 

a/ffe9UMa Hei^m&Aa Cmbb OB^a^ ub^ ce ii3Meby 
RmorHx npa&ifttK ochobb yame ie^iam, oa oe on cMavpa 
9a npaBH^aH) r. i enirpB ce aa; wyao o no eefiHJ a 
(!Bit ocTBaii ocBomr mvpny ce, imo aeBBro urro naie 
no ceffH xipamo. (To ie no XerAj Hpoero iwraTflBHO 

4f/np0B$$fM IhinB offA^y ita'A ^^.9 nptfaaaie onmTe 
npaBO, npH3iiaie ce h ohuith npe^HKaT jihhhoctH) KOiii 
ie cBoicTsen ^pyrome JiHify } bhm ce cbmo HenpasHaie, 
Han HOpiine noie^MHH H3pa3H Tora npe^HKara, (To ie 
Seaisotta^ni^ tic«OBeTBO cy^ei^e nwbe a Apy<^^ fuyjbH). 

e) /tpecryn ffH^a OH^a, kb^ le^an npoii3BOa, hjik 
le^HHHMHa Bojba ne caiwo ^a cbo^h ^pyry ie^iiHK^itiy 
BOjby no^ noie/^HHH H3pa3 caofio^e, eeft y onuiTC ah- 
uiasa ra iipe/^HKaTa cjioCo^e, naH npaaa, Koie ie Ae- 
My CBOiCTBeHo. (To ie HeraTHBHo-tfeaKOHanHo cybeae 
BOjbe y A^-^y)- *) 

Ito TaKHM HaHHHOM HapyuiH npaeo Apy^^'" JiHqa 
caiMHM npecrynoM cboIhim, xai, kbo cj^mxecTBO »e 
Jieke a MHcaehe , ^obo^h ce<Je cboIhm onpe^e^eHHiif 
Ae^OM, Kao cpe/^HbHM TepiMHuoM, no^ neuiTO onuiTe. 
IberoBO flejio , kbo HecarjiacHo c tHM oduithm ocho- 
BOM, ca cao^o^OM, no ch.«h Koie npecTynuHK h moHce 
ce npe/^aTH Kd3HH, — iberoBO ^eao , cbmo no ceffii 



*) Enciel. §. 488—501. 



CM K9 AT1M RPErjre/^ 

nmirrastto ie ^ono 1e ^an eymTiiffe u iiOTbiii€f ie caMo 
t^^fi npHspaic, le^Ha cenvsa. 

KdA ^^ cantiM 4e.iOM soke ^a irdtcame ifnmvaB^ 
now Ttya tipeci7njbett>a,' tttA ce oiid y i^aMcn cTBapw 
AOBO/^n no;^ rpe'tk>BaH»e npaiia, oHAa ie to oceera. 
Ohs ftfoa He ^;^ cy^a, icoiH le onyiroMdkeH, sait^Hoiii, 
Be!i o;^ rave Here le/^irnHMire Bojbe, na saTO rh owa 
fieiM caMa y ceCH npasa h bo^h aa coffOM noey 
ocBexy H TaKO p^6 ffesRoliaHHOCTH. 

TaittiM fiaMiiiioiii npaeo iotu mpie^ouijio ^o CBora 
cqtujMior Hspaaa \ 041,0 ie xy ioiii npaao ynyTpauiibe, 
Koie necTOAH <Qaaiio y CBeoTH4 Ann jipv ooaeTM o€p^ 
ayie (ce noian o (roue ^^ *io«|efC' mame h a^ i^ Ay^naH 
noevyDOBH no Qmoiiy., a^ ^^ ^^ cy5ije«T h aa hmb 
cnoco(^HOcT Ad caM cetfe onpeAeAasa , a ho no cao* 
AanobeM juaaffsaiby. Ty. OAviyMHO opaao npe«ta3M y 

^ Mopajt, 

'4^odA i^ HOBOfc paAHo Hao iiHi^e n^niiayiyliii 
CBoie npaBO na CTps^p . h csoie cnaiaibe ca cfraapH, 
HO caA noHHH»e paAHxa Kao cyCicKT, hjih icao cyfiicK- 
THBHa Bojba, Koia yaHba .paswiHKy ^zi^e\^ csora yny- 
Tpam^er on|).eAe.Jbe«»ft h ocTBdpei&a CBoie caoSoAe 
y cHQjbHHMi npcAM^THMa. Cy6ieKTHBifa BQ.jba iecre 
npeAHKax Mopajia^ 

HoBeK y Mopa.ifloiii nocrynaifcy CBOMe HMa -npaBO 
npH3HaBaTM a^ i^ Hspaa ii»eroBe caoCo^e camo to, 
lUTO ie npe 61M.0 y ibeiny , 6h.io y iberbaoi HamepH. 
OryAa 6HBa to a^ ce-MOBeK Monte cy^HTH no n»ero- 
BHM AeaHMd, HaH as My ce a^-^^ MOry ypanyibaBaTif. 
Ty ie a^-*o MoseKa no ^opiuH noAnyuo capiueiio, 
iep BHiue 4>opMe nero iuto ie Ta, t. i. uito ie ^^JiO 
H3 cjio6oAe npOH3aiiiao, hiith HMa hhth Mome (hth. 



^) Encicl. §. 501— 50S. 



XEr.YOBE O^IUOCQ^HIE. 257 

Ho Ooilii toamepe ko^ a^^^ Mopa 6im Ufm h uieji^ 
HAn naiiepa BdUTecTBeNa. Pa^»a xohe ce6ii narpaAy> 
xa HOrpeAa ieere €ji«Art.') 

TaitttM ManifROM iiopa.iHQ n npnano nocrj^natb^ 
jiaso HOdHe aoKh y cyKO^> y npomBOcaoBjbe. 
' ' Cpeha uenra Tora . ohioTef f^ocToinHctBB^ KOte ie 
cBolcTBdHO npjemy, • a npaao oner HeMa y BM^y onpe- 
f^QAeifot npeAiBera H-qeaiiy iuto nx Hwa cpeka. Ilpaao, 
y crporoM CMkc^y mome HapyuiaBaTH i^ejiu cpehe. 
06e cTpaHe luory 6hth noinHpeHe Ta^a, na^ ce Mopa^ 
3 3BHCH ^o HAei^ fiaara^ nao onuiTe aacejieHCKe i^ejiH, 
y Koioi ie npaao ynyTpaujiiia i^e^, Koia h3 cy5ieKTa 
HSiiaaH, a-iK Hety6m CBoi o^eKTHBHH, oiuutm aHanai. 
To fijiaro miie iiHuira Apy^^j Hero ie^RHCTBO , xap« 
HOHJiia naueby ^HtHor nofiybe^a, ahhub mejbe h yma. 
Ho TO nompipeibe, Ta coraacuocfr npana u cpeke y 
HA^ui 64«ra, H«iie iieuiTo cranio.*) 

IIpBH CTei^en /re carjiacMOCTii iacve doCSpodereA^ to 
i4i fienocpe^ua xapuouuia Ham^by na6y(r*eifca k ywia — 
sMTua cpeAHaa, 

Ho QoSylrei&e MoaKie nporuBOCiiOBHTa yny. TaRMM 
naMUHOu Tpe6a pa^HTu HpoTiiB noSy^na < — no Ay^Kr* 
iiocth; ho y paAH»H, Koia 6HBa no ieAHoi caiio OA-'iy*- 
HHoi Ay^HOCTM, iieMa caeae vaMe^y onmre norpeCe 
H A^^c'^ByiyhMx ^Hi^a, a to aaaHH ^a aeiiia Ci^rocraiba. 
^a 6h to 5jarocTaH>e 6hjio ry Morylie, Tpe6a Ay''^*' 
iiocT A9 Hua H caApaKHHy y a jie cano ieA"y <»opNy, 
Tpefia ce BpaxHTM oner notfybeiby h na tbemy ce oc* 
iiuBaTH. Ilo^ybeaie ie cpeAibH TepMHH, hjih nocpeA- 
HHK H3Meby ^iOBeKa, xao iqavhi^^ h onuiTera, xao 
aaaona ^). . 

Ho nofiybeiiie Mome 6hth HenocpeAHO a^^P^ ^ 
HenocpeAHO — ajio, — h npaaH^no pemeibe.Koie ie oa 

*) Enricl. §. 5o4~506. 
*) Rnrii^l. §. 5Q1— 5oa. 
') Enoicl. §. 505, 506, 501, 50a. 

rjiacHHB XVII- n 



25S kfatkh ffp£r«ic^ 

ifcMX caraacHOO y»OMy a Roie nnie, saBHCH y Mopajiy 
ieAHHO OA caBi»CTif. j^BHAe 6ABro Mopa^HO, HBO cy6* 
leKTOBHOCT, Kao neiiiTO iuto aaBHcn camo o^ casecrK, 
Mome npekii k y a.io. 4^ (w oho orrajio craano, /^a 
6h ^o6nAO ofiieimiBHy no^^nopy, oho Mopa ocHKBarK 
ce Ha y6ebeH»«i«ia h npaeHiia, idto cy onmra rBHma 
jby^MB^ Koiii TKHBe y ^ipyuiray. Ha nrai crenen pa^ne 
cryna npaKTH^im ^yx y uapaBCTBeno - /(pyiuTBeaoii 
»HBOTy '). 

e) HnpaBCTBeHO'dpymTMHu a»u$ot. 

HapaBCVBCHO - ApyinrBeHH ar&HBOT.iecre eae^a mno^* 
mx Nu^HBH^yyjiia (jihhhoctm), Koia ce yTBpbyi« to 
cnojfcHOM Neo6xo/^nomky, to ynyTpaiuibtiii y^eHei&eii 
caMfix jiHi^a. y cK^ony HapaBCTBeuo ^pytuTBenor Mn*' 
Bora, ^Hi;e iecre neiiiTO ie^HHHHHO, c««o6oaho h y ie- 
;iHo iecTe ha^h acHBor frapaBCTBeRor Te;ia *). . 

npMu creneH napaBeiPiieiio - i^pynrTBenor sttHtiota 
iecre ^aMUAUia. CH.ia OBor ^pyiUTBCHor caiyda oc- 
HHBa ce TO na npHpo^HBM ycjiOBinfa, to nft cy6ieK- 
THBHOM HVBCTBy ^- jbyfiami . CnojbHH rtspa? te caeae 
iecy ^ei^a '). 

^pyen crenen iecTe ^pyiuTBO PpRJ^aHctta^ynoMe 
csaKii pa/|H aa ce6e, ao pa/^ehH na ce6e r^yacn h 4py- 
rHMA. Ba tom CTeiieny s«fauoBii .^pyuiT^a ry6e hck 
npe^ osHiy onuiTy neji; ona ocrQie ko^ ifewx HecBec- 
HOM caeaoM, uito hx cie^HihaBa ^). 

HauocjbexKy y ^^/^Jiira^ -^yA^ ^o^aae flo ttaiBH* 
lu^r creneaa /^pyiUTaeBOr mKBOxa. Ty cbb Te«e ie* 
/^Hoi oniiiToi — paayMuoi 1^6^x11 — cyCcTaHi^HiaaHOM mn- 



*) Encicl. §. 512. 

*) Eneicl. §. 613 — 51 3. 

*) Encitl. §. Its — 120. ' : . I 

*) Enricl. '§. 523— 5»4l • - '. 



XEr40BH ^HaoqQ€>Ili£. ^$9 

BOT^ /(pHcape, H y T.o.i.jqe,ii| bh^^ ^ai^ipcTaaMH pCcxa- 
Hau cBora jwiiior. jKHBOja .')^ 

npoifecov cBqoimiTe , vcropHie, y paavfiTKy ^p- 
wasa M /^yxa Hapo^a,. ooTBap^Bace i^^^'OAyjuu ^^^y 
koIh ce HenpecTauo orjie^a y npiipo^ u. ^pBeicy. 

tftf^ ^6coj^yTnu dyx, 

AficoJiyTiiH ^yx y pasBHTuy csecTH o CBoioincT- 
anetTHOGTii o MOBcr*pauoK4iM M.IH i€OHaf HHH <)jrx«4i^ npo- 
j|a3H TpK CTeneua. Oh caaiiaie ce4(e: 

a:^ y «opMH eno^i^if y €»aiiTa3|iiii, H.iH craapai- 
iyhoi seuiTa^Jifioi cnocotfnocTH y eeturuHti. 

dj y ^opmii yHyTpaiuifcoi, y HpocraBaiia h pe* 
^MrHoaHOM.Hy^cTBy — p04uaiu. 

«y Ha nor^eAy y ffifi^osoffiuiu^ ifap.poc^eAii^eMif 
na^BuuieM npecrapiiuny •Ayxa oCcojiyTHor, i$oia ofiyx- 
3ara o6a upe^xoA^Ka moaAeHr^, t. i. h o^iQUniBHOcT 
B4:(uiTHiia If cy 6ieKTHB4iocT pe.«iirHie '). ( 

flfl^ BeWTUue, 

y QeiUTMHama aScoAyniK ^yx iasjba ce lorn y 
nywcTAeum i^opniM, y ^(^mif cjfise. AffcajiyrHa H;(^ia', 
rtao ie^HrtcTBO itoima m iipe^Mera, ry ce ne Hcnaaryie 
y o;^jfy*iMcn ^u>rifHHoi 4>opMH, Beh y c^mcanfa. ByAyf^n 
^a ce BfeiuTHiie aaHHMBiy pasBHTKOiii w^^ete jienoTe, 
Koia ie imp^3 aCco^jTHor ^y^a, a it^eie jienore, nao 
M I^BaKB H^ela y omiiTe. HMa-Tpti trpane 'eeeomary^ 
smtwditff^ H iedwiUHHffi to h y ^eaiTHMMa H^^eia jienoTe 
ocrsapaBa ce xpmaKO, h^h npojiaaii rpii cTenena, a^iy 
y CBaNom cvreneHy Hcisaayie ca qajia H/ieia no^yno. '): 

lipea onuixa crpana a^stnoxe "tecTe caiia n^eia 
^enove, KQia ie v^o^jg onpeAevbenH bha :HA»ia.ia. 



*) Encich §. 535 — 558. 

») Enricl §. 555. 

*) EncicL §. 556. . / 

17» 



tSO itPATiCH npErac^ 

4P9^ff cacToiii ce y pa3jiHii(H Hj^eiajia setUTHHe. 

Tpeha npecraBAa ie^HHCTBO A^ely npeAxo^eliHK 
crpaua. Ilpe^Mer fteH cacraBAaij o^eanrH bh/^obh ae- 
mTMHay noMohy kohx vAeia ^enore ocTBapasa ce y 
onpe^ejbeHOM HyBCTBeHOm MarepHia^y. *). 

a) Hdeia ^enort, 

H^eia y ontnTe iecre ieAHncTBO nolMa m cTBapir, 
T. i. H^eia Heca^^pnm y cedw camo ie^^ny cytfieirrHB- 
MOCT noiMB) nxa ^pyrHM pe«iiiia oaMO ie^Hy 4»opMy 
jiorHHHor uoima, Beh ^a^piKH y hctoI MepH h o6ieKTHir- 
HOCT, T. i. camy cvaap, raMo /^a CTBap y v;^ei» BecroiH 
na rynpoT noimy, Beh cie^^nibaBa ce c ibHM y ie^ny 
f^e^HHy. noiaif y H^^eiH iecre to hcto, iuto k caua 
^eicTBMTe^HOCT; u^^ela cawa ceCe imaaatf y ^eicTBH- 

Te^tHOCTK H, TBKO pekH, WHBH y IfcOi. To HCTO CBOi*- 

CTBO MMB H^eia .leiiore. [lOTOiire npto^ •leftora h mc^ 
TKHB c ie/^He CTpaiie iecy ie^^HO hcto, iep kbko ie- 
/^Ho TBKO H APy^^ tecTe ie^fiHCTBO noima h ^eicTBH- 
Te.iiiocTH. 4pyr^ aenora ie ii^npHCTyoHa .paay^u h 
HOHa*iiioi BQAif ; BenpHCTynua pacyAH.noTOne, imto c^e 
OHa yneK saycraBJba ua ie^iiocTpaaocTH h upoTaanp- 
•I02KH0CTU. a aanoTa ie ie^HucTBo; pacyv^a HeHSuiasH 
H3 Kpyra RO«a4aocTH, a JieaoTa ie cao^o^iia h 6e3- 
KOHBHua; iienpHCTyiiHa ie KOifaiHoi bo4>h noTOMe, uitp 
KouaHHa BOjba. hhb ioiii y Bu^y qe«i Ban re^e, i^ea 
HenocTHrHyTy, N«ocTBapeiiy; otia ce o/^hoch iipe^wevy 
y TOjiMNO, y BOJiHifo ra we^H noTpoiuKTB : naiipoTHB, 
y ^enoTii, MHcao kjih i^e.i Be)i ie noerarHyra « o 
CToapeHa y cBptueHoi «op«iH. C Torct mh MOHsemo 
caMO Hacja^BB'^H oe ^enoronf, no iieMOMceMo ie no* 
TpouiHTH Kao ie^o HjiH HHhe , BKO r.ie/^aMO hb ae- 



^) BiiAH XerjioB Estet. 



XEC.IOBK 4>M«|OCQ«ipiE. 86t 

nory, nao mro Tpe({a, a ue okom Kouawe Bonbej ko-* 

pHCTH H T. ^. — 

Kao lUTO npupo^a, no Xer.iy, npe;\CTaBjba npsH 
CTeneH ocTBapene H^i^eie, a ^enora iecxe H^eia : to 
.lenoxy k xpef a xpawHTH npe caera ^ dpHpo^tf. Ho 
y npHpo^H H^eia Jienore ne/^ojiaaH ^o no;^nyHor caora 
cyuiTecTBOBatta '). 

CreneHH cyuirecTBOBaiba n^eie y npHpoA« iecy 
obh: 

Hatitpe noiam ry6H ce y npe^^meTHMa ^yBCT^eHUM 
fi,o Tora, 4a ce Be^i h neBH/^H iiA^ia^Ro te^HiicxBo thx 
npe^Mera. CpeAcpe^a, itbioi reate cbh ^^ejiosn, Kao 
niiaiiOBfi ie^Ht) i;eaifRe, onpe^^e^asa ce iiiexariH-MtHM 
eicjKmoiH, a ie^^flncTBO otAe^a ce caiff o y leARdRoi na- 
f«Bo)iH cBoicTBa. HapaBHO ;^a ry HemoHcenro rpaJKHTK 
rienoxe, 

j^auhe y fipupoAH na^aae Ha cpe^y o^<ihto cBe 
pa3uocTH ooi»ia« IIoiaH, Kao ie^uHCTBO cileonuiver^ 
3iice6Hor h ieA^HHsnor^ y npe/^MeTiiHa npHpo^e, Hao 
^a ce pacua^a Ha A^ose. Oniuxe Hocxaie cpe^i^esAa 
i^ewiora, a ocTaaa xeaa %eiroBH i^eJiOBn. Tbkq ie^wii- 
CTBO noiMa H ^eicTBiiTe^iHOCTH HMa. MecTa y cyusa* 
kqI CHcreMH. J^SiKAe h ry cq noiAnyHO u^ncK^ayie H^eia 
jienoTe, iep cpe^cpeAa, nao Ha^ejio ieAHHoraa, nocrotH 
o^ejiHTO, a nepa^epifia, hah oeraiia re^a cyu^iane cho* 
T^Me raKO^e nocroie o^eaH«;o 04 cpe^cpeAHOr Te^a ')« 

y TpehaM Kpyry 6uba BetuTecTBeHor^ a hb Mine 
y 9KUBo.Ty9 6(Mta n caspjiMeaBie nJipaataBa ce H^eia. 
y atHBOTy onuire, h«ih Ta cpe^cpe^a mttBOTa^ tbico in 
Te.Ho cBeaana c ^e^OBHAia, h^h ohhm uito ie aaceSHO, 
y ie^HOM HH^HBH^yyAiy, ^a ie/vHO Heno^^TOiH bbh /^py- 
rora.^eaoBH, .i^ciora nopuiy ce Kao ^ejiOBH u-nocTaty 
i.iaHOBH. Ho H y cbhimb ^opBama skhbotb jby^cKOr, 



1) Encirl. 558—559. 
*) Encicl. 560. 



9SS iKPkTUn ^^£^.1E/^ ''* 

reAecsrtot, ird]paBCTB*Hor, iiflela lienoxe n^ocTBapaba 
ce no^^nyiio. 

^yiua sKHBor cyiurecTBa, Kdo noiaM, ocTaie canio 
Kao iieuiTo ;)^H)rTpauiH>e, neHapamaea ce cao6o^ho^ 
caMOCTaaHo. Oua loui ueBjia^i^a no^^nyHa cboIhm re^oM^ 
xeAo npesjiabyie h aaiMarba ie co6om. Ty yHyrpaiuibe 
ocxaie yuyTpauiibiijif , a cnojbauiae — ciio.iiaiiiif>HA|. ^yx 
ioiu' HenpoHH«ie cKpo3 Ha cbc crpaHe. *). 

Te40 i<? lOBeifa sHuie, a^iH ce h y H>^My: ^^eia 
4ei;o.T.e HeHCicaayie . np^^nyiio; iep ueuu cy ^040 bh 
Teaa cacBHiif HayaexH. H^np^ ynjuiBa ^yusej nanpHiMep; 
iHe^yA^H} yuiH H x« ^. a y jpy^eui •ieiioi?e c^a.cqaji»* 

HOCT 910p<^ ^HTH apOHUKHyTa pa^yMHOM, CAOlSO^HOm CH- 

40]ii.4yxa !). . 

Tai ie hcth He^ocTaraK h y ^yxoBHOM h^m na- 
paBCTBBHOM opraHiiBMy — ' ^AMH^HiH, rpabaHCTBy H ;^p- 
mamu.'^^^y 'fl^pynmr camo noie^iiHe ^H4no€TH jKejie, 
MHcue, a caMH fljx ^pymtBar h iieBH^M ce. y Hapas^ 
CTBeHOM 3ifiHBOTy^^oiie« ifCKdayie ceCe rawo^e noie*- 
/^Hitife, a He no^ttynb. ^a '6n ce Mor^a caaftar^ y^y^ 
Tpauiit»a HapaBc'TBena cyiuTMwa noBeua , rpeCa ee 
onoMHn^atH na paBHe nocrynne iLeroBe h npHBo^^MTH 
tix nofl leflHy HAeiy. Apy**** He/^bCTaraK npiipo^He jie- 
nore lecre aa^BHcHOct ii>eHa o^ ciiojbAor fiMha. 7" 
cjiery Henocpe^KHK noiaBa CBe orpaniiMaBa ie^no 
flpyro. -TaMO, hb npHiwept sKHBOTHibe ^o;^Bp^fIyTe cy 
cBMMa cayMaikiO€<riiMa pane, KaRMe, Bpemetia; one ca^ 
•riipy ie^MO ^pyro '). 

y TaKoi aaBiicHOCTH o^ npHpo^e Hajiaau ce u 
Tiejio HOBena. y HapaBCTBeiiow a«HBOTy HOBeiia nona- 
Bjba ce TO HCTO , cawo y )^pyroiii BH^y, Hobck y o6h- 



*) Eiicici: §. 561. 
*) Eslet. XerjioB 
*) Eslel. I. Theil. 



>iiiOM ^HHBOTjc HeHCif9dyi0;.ce no^yno; ok ie .C]i[e3a» 
o^H'iaiHMa, CTpacTHMa, cyMitOM.- *}i . . 

•Hanocae^icy y 4»opMK Henocpe^Nor 6iiha h ry ie 
H^eia .lenoxe orpaHK^eiia^.noTOMe iuto ie o/^Beh pa* 
a^poSjbefia. CsaKH oppaiiHsaii aicHBOTHH npimeaaH ie 
3a naBeciTH pa^ H..HMa ^opmy, miia My w no neoC*^ 
Ko^^HOCTH ^ara npHpo^oii , a ne cjioSo^om , ue yny-* 
Tp^auwHvi catioonpeAeAefteM. 

. Cae T.O Mesne ea o^HeTH h aa rejio -lOBeRa, ca«o 
IUTO Olio ocH!|[ THX ^opMH; liOie npHMd . o^ npHpo^e, 
orpaiiawiio . ie iom n crpacTHMa, Koie ^eicTsyiy mh* 
MQ cvio^o^y^yxa.' H^eia .lenoTe^ Mao M^eia, caMa 
ito cefia .ie caMOcraaHa .h fiesnoMaMna, a npifpo^a 
Mohe Ha ;»y okobo iieofo/oi^HocTM h aoBaMHOcnf. ^) 

IIoVOMe ^eSHOH^MIHOCT H CaMOCTQaifOCT H^ie 

MOMce ce H3pa3HTu CBMO y Tanoi cnojbHoi ♦opMH, 
Koia 6a no^nyno npsuHJia y qe6e H/ieiy ^ a QHnrra 
He5u yiioaMa y ny o^ ce6e, iuto. Hide cpo/^no H^eiui 
^o vor J09usf^eHCTBZ,.Temn ^ohir p^eia jienore^y 
eeuiTHHana n ^oabsm. ^o ^iheva npe csera y H^eiaay 
BeiuTaHKOM, nppjia3e})H ifpoa ^yx MOBenecKH , ipoia 
MMa y ce6ii-o5a cBoicxBa H^eie : 6e3ROHaMBOCT ir.caf 

MOCTaaHOCT. *) 

y flpyroM paa^eAuy onuixer /^e«ia EcrerHKe, 
Xer-i paa^ame y Me»y re cacroin H^eiaji. 

H^eia aQnore Mopa xewirrH tbhom napaay, koim 
6h 6mo ti ii>oM y iio^nyHo* ieAHacray k ^oabsh f^o 
ranor Hspaaa y ;^yxy , i^ome ie npHcrynHa hcthmb, 
uaio it^^tm^BaHie '<^Bera y nnew m H^eie y cBBMy. *) 

y BeuxTHuaMa ^yx HOBOiia j no/^Hwyfcit noiase 
^o itoiMa, jHAafS»B''c Moi»aa oae to, iuto aeo^rOBapa 



*) Tano. 

») TaMo. 

') Eslet. II. Theil. 

*) TaMo. 



noiny h thmc caMHM irepa»aBa n^eiy Aenorey ^^^epmn 
c^HKe , Koia joi noj^nymj o^roaapa. 

ydBHCHTn cnojbuo 6Hke na crenen /^yxoeiior 
Taco, ;ia Ta choahoct HapasRaaa caiwo ie^tty MHcao 
H 4a aena HHiuxa urro niiie cpo^na toi mmcjih — to 
ie eyurnma n^eiaaa. Ho ra pa/^if»a, to ysBRmasaibe, 
He<HBa y ^opnia HHcror nHiu^efta ^ o^^ysoRor o^ 
CBaae «iy bctbchocth , seh 6MBa y caryfatnocTir oCa*- 
^Beiy CTpaHa csera : yHyTpauiAe m cnoj|>aiaHie y y 
cnoieiby ahxcbom y i^V^ny ife.fHuy. IIOiOAi^ fi,anAe 
H^e\9kA iecre AeiovBHTeaRocT, hjih mHsa ifn^fllsiiAy^^<* 
BOCT , iep y tboi cie/^Htbasa oe onux^e n aadeCuo, 
ynyTpauiibe 11 cnojbaiutbe y HH^HBH^yajiHom ^nay. ^) 

OcBOBHa «opMa n^eiavia iecre jihiboct MOBe* 
HBucaa. HoaeR, wao jiHu^e, c ie^iie crpane HaaasH ce 
y c4o(oABOM OAHOuiaiy npsMa cBeom^THM cnaaMa, 
Koie pa^ y caaTy HapaBCTBevom h nao wnu^e npuiia 
Hx y oetfe a flaie hm o^ ce6e onpe/^ejb^HH wihk ; ♦ c 
Apyre CTpaae ^^Bi^e paaBHia&e h oitpe^iO^iaBaibe h;^^ 
iaaa, dHBa y saie^HH^Koi pa^tbu, y noiy cvyna ca^ 
0o/|Ha JIM4HOCT HOBena ca HeoSxo^imM tokom npn- 
po^^e 4^iiaHMHe H BapaBCTBeue. T^e aKHHOCT Hosei^a 
Hnia BHiue npocTopa pa^HTii camocTaaHD h npe^crda- 
jbaTH caeoiiiUTii .ibkob h tor craapH , tbimo a^eiaa 
/^ofiHia npaBuaHHin h caBpiueHHui Hspaa : HdnpoTHB^ 
r^e a»MHOCT 'lOBeRa pa^H MexauHiKH, npRMa cbq cno- 
»'ba, TBMO u^eiaji seiuTaHKH aeitta mecTa. Ha opRoay 
Tora aaKona cTapM rpHKH iyHai^ii MMaiy y ce({H oHUie 
ecreTRHKe jienoTe, h 6jiHme oy HA^ia^iy) njero^H iyr 
Bau^u Hoaaiera ^oCa. ^) .. . ^ 

lyHaK TexfH /^a ce HCKaa&e y chq^iHQCth, ^a Jbowe 
caaaa^a h ^a ie cnpoa npobe ; a.in ie ochob iberoB 
y B/^ein. 



') TaMo. 

*) Estel. II. Theil. 



y H^eiaJiy , Rao uito cmo BH^^ean, H^eia reian 
^a npoHHRHe co5oiii cnojbHocr. Ila qa^ o^ Tora , y 
KaKoi ie mepu Ta choahoct npoHHKHyTa H^^eiom, h.ih 
o^ HaHHiia., Koi^i^ ce H^^eia, cie^HHHJia c MdTep.H>ajioM, 
Ciifiia paa.iima caiMu^ H/veia.ia, h^h Beuixa^iifiix «opMH- 
To ie npe^wet ^pyror 'm*ih. aaceCnor ^eaa *h^oco- 
*Hie seuiTHHa. 

aaj if cujneoJtuHKOM udeiaAtf eeuiTuna jaiiMa iom 
max aeiuTecTBO. Mucao y ibeiiy Hapamasa ce xaMuo 
H TaRo pehH ca ycHjbaBaii>eiii. IIoTOMe HAeia^ ce iie.- 
ifCKaay ie iacno h onpe^e^beno y BeiUTHHH cawBOVbH- 
HKoi. ^a^H cas^a/^aaa seiuTecTBOM, MHcao Mopa iom, 
xaico pehH, chjiom njpo5HiaTH ce npoa aera u pasKH- 
^axH ra h noKpexaxu y 6e3KOHa*iHOcx *). 

Ra xOM ocHOBy uapaifixep ie iberoB epauduosHocri 
xy cna/^aiy nupaMH^e) CeaKOHaMne Enoneie HH/^HCise. 
HH/^HCKe, napo6o.ie, npHxne h x. fl. ' 

(T^f/ y *opMH K^acMHecKHx BemxiiHa^ h^h luacH- 
MecKOM H/^eia•lyJ Mdcao ie Ha CKpoa npoHHiuia More- 
pniaa xaKO ^a MHcao peuo diH npoBupyie Kpo3.CBaify 
cKBamHHy maxepHia^a. 36or xaue paBHOxeuee, xawe 
xapMOHHie, uapaicxep KjiacH^Kor H^eiaaa nnie ysBH- 
menocx, Beh Kpacora, 

ee) ilocAe KAacuHue «opMe HCKycxBa ;\o.ia3H po* 
MauTUHKa, y H»oi ^y\ npcB^abyie na/^ BeuixecxBOWi 
OHO caymn cbmo Kao anaK, icao naiaBa, h npeMA<) i^ 
npoHHKHyxo MHCJiH, onex naaaiiBa BHUie nyacxaa, Bume 
npe/jcxaae, nero luxo Ie xo y i^^My HapaiReno Heuo- 
cpe^^Ho. XapiAOHHia mhcih h K>eHor uspaaa , uixo ce 
xpamH«ta y cHMBo.iHHKoi BeiinHHHHiuxo ce Haui.ia y 
KaacHMKoi, ca^ y poManxH^Koi xano pehn npeicopa- 
^lasa rpaniu^e h uaHOj^o ce Hapyxuava. Ty ce onex- 



^) Encicl. §. 56t ; Estet. 



S99 K^ATUn BPKrAC^ 

iaejba yaBHuieiiacT? r]xauAHO0HOOT, 9 itpacoTB ^^oCuia 
KapaKTep jnuMue. ^y 

e) Cucrejna UAU ped eemruna, 

Kaxo paane *opMe BeuiTHKa nocxaiy y tf6p5H 
H^eieca niaTepHia^ioM, Kan'o p^*3^Hi€a semTHHa aaBH- 
cu o^ paa.iHiie caiwor MaTepiiiaaa j y kow ce ocTjsa- 
paea H/^eia , hphmkbiuh na ce xy vaw^pyry ^opw^', 
Tai H.iH ;\pyrH H^i^elaji BeiiiTauKii , cae to cna^a y 
Tpe)iH ^eo *ii.ioco*iiie BeiuTifH'a. y onpe^ejbeHOJu'^e- 
Ay H.iu npoH3Bo;^y bae hah one BeiuriiHe, if^eia •le- 
iiOTe ^oJiaaH ;^o nb^iiyHor cBor uapaaa. 

Ka/^ MaTepHiaji aa jienory h.ih H^eiaji , ^ale cawa 
iipHpo^^a H TO CBoiiiM cnojbHHiH npocTopoM, OH^a no- 
CTaiy BeiUTirne cAUKapcne h«ih o6pa3oeaTeJiHe. ffyeo o^ 
THx BCuiTHHa, y KOMe npcBaaJiyie BeuiTecTBO, a ^yx 
ce iaB.i>a cano y BH^y CHMeTpnie, ieere ^pxuTeKrtf- 
pa. IIpeM^a ApxHTeKfypa Hwia KapaKTep cif]iiBO.«H«iKii, 
oneT 3aTO ona, Kao m ^py*'^ BeiuxHHe, ca^pxtH y ce- 
6h i^eaHHy CBBiy 4>opiiiM ^ Han cBiiiy n^eia«ia Bemxii- 
ne. ErnnexcKa 11 Mif^ifCKa ApxHTCKxypa iecxe no 
npeHiwyhcxBy ciiMBOjiii^Kai ') 

KjiocuHKa ApxuTBHTypa o^rosapa Ra^CHSKom H^^e- 
iajry. . 

FoTUHKa^ no uiapH h qao6o^h CBoie .*opiiiej Ofl- 
rpBapa H^eiaay poiuaHXHSKOM. • 

^pyaa caHKapcKa semxHua iecxe WKyjiTypa (pe- 
3aii»e). y xoi BeuixHHH Maxepniaji ie seh' no^nyHO 
npoHHKiiyx H/^eloM. Maxepniaa uiKyaxype npH6.iiima- 



^) Xerji npe4CTaBa»a caMO TpH rjiaena MOMeHTa Beuixli- 

na : cujteoAUHKU , kmcuhku h poMauTUHKu / a.iH 

'UuA\oi%x^X^9k: nceysAo-KAacu^KU\ luto ie lipeAxuAn'o 

poMaHTHqRoM H uaiHOBBiH , koIh ce MOHce HaaseTH : 

0U3UOAOeUHKUM. A. B. 

*) E3lcl- III. Theil. 



Bft ce' «opiiH^Ayx9i; on ce laBJbft y- '4(e;iOH MHermi 
Hepmepj) wow ie napeaan na ♦opHty HoaeKa^ 

Fpi^Au CTeneH c^HKapcne Beairave aayanma ax^u- 
eonuc. y mHBOnncy npesjia^yle poMaHTH'iica ^opiua 
BeuiTiiHe. C Tora ie Tai po^ aeuiTiiHe naiCojbe ua- 
npe^OBao y cpe^ibeM Beicy. y HCHBonHcy Marepuiaji 
(?noco62lH ie caMo^BoiaKoi Mepn ; ^an.ie ry aeiiiTe- 
CTBO ^aie Biiiiie mecra mho^h.' Cii0.4>H0CT SKiiBonHC^ 
Hiua camo npHdpaK, ceiiicy Te;i^CHOr CBera: 

BaTpeHo oRo, nao Ha^caBpiueHHin MyscTBeHH ii3- 
paa ^yuiCy nova Henia lUKyjirypa h Koie ce.iaBjbaca. 
MO y HSHBOnHcy , ^aie npeuMyliCTBO iKHBonHcy Ha^ 
uiifiyaTypoM. IIpe^MeT mHBonHca aiiie camo naacTHM- 
liro caBpuieHCTBO opraHHamas seh h one, Hey^jioBite 
aaee^HocTH , noie ce cKpiiBaiy y ^04>hhii cpi^a. ^) 

Jfyautut neh ce cacBHM oc4o6obaBa o^ cuoAHor 
QpopTopa; ca^pwHffa H>eHa iecTe cbmo yMytpaui»a 
MyBCTBo; y iboi ce cbb ^yx ircKaayle pa^li ce6^, He 
y cnojbHHM noiaBHiua , Beh Kao neiuTO ynyTpaiuibe. 
CH.ia MyaHKe Heo6H*iaino le ae^Hita; iep ^yx, na koiii 
ona ;^eicTByie cnocofiaii ie iia CBamra, *) 

. y noiesMtu , Kao BeuiTmiH cjioaecHoi , MMa' ^pe 
CTpaHe: wutcao h th^n itapaa ry sefc necToie o^^BQiHTo 
ie^BO npena APyi'ORi , Kao y ocra^HW BeiuTifHaMa. 
EaeneBT y kom oe .Hpffianyie tb BeuiTUBa iecve ier 
avK, K,ao cucTeMa anavoaa , - RoiH o^roBapaiy hbuium 
jip^^craBaMa. Ho a ieaHK , aao i^aT^pnia^ , iecxe cs^* 
uo cp^ACTgQ H aaaK, a jipasH Hapaa BemTaHKM, iecT« 
4HK J Mera^opa , cpanifcHBaifce. u ju t. ^. -^ IIoieaflVH, 
a^or ^yxou^ocTH n HearfiaBiv*feHO!CTM i^eHor Maie.pH'- 
ia^a, npHcyaHB ie. csa o5«iacT BpeAoraaai iuto neH 
BBie KOA ocrajuix BejUTiiHa. IIoieaHia iecie^ecrp^- 
He aace^Ha BeiuvHHa, hoU QToin ifaaopeAP ca ^py* 



1) Estet. TaMO. 
>) Eslel. III. The il. 



1(08 KPJITKH UPEMBA 

rvma ^ a c Apyre onierr crpaite oiia nOHaaJba y cetfa 
cse HaMHae Hiaxoaor napasa. . H nps0 y bh^j Ekte%9 
noieaaie ^ie caApaiHua caoioi 4^op|iy o(^ieKTuaif(>cTH; 
iep npe^iXeT aeH Hale caMO aaiCBO ^^e^io ^ aeh cy^Sa 
noie^HHHx jinqa a napo^a , no^ yn^HBom cno^HH?^ 
cKjia. *) 

Apy^o y BH^y AupuHHe noieaHie Hapaasaaa ce yny- 
TpauiKia i^ejiHiia ^\a. Ty ce ioiu yaaMa aa opy^^aie 
luysHKa, ^a 6n ce iane ^eicTBoaajio aa .^yiuy. ysaa- 
uieHO CTaH.e Ayuie noiera aacxyna y aHpaawy iiecTO 
^oraHaia iiito ie npe/^mex Enoca. 

Tpehe: aa^ yHyTpauiH.e craibe H3BecHor.«Hna c;iy- 
asH 3a ociioB i^eaoM pe^y ^i^orabaia a pa/^R>e, Taao ;^a cae*- 
onuiTC, ffoH«aiiCTBeiio aa^eao enoca npeoffpaha ce y 
yHyTpaiiiiba iiaroc, na aa;^ Tai naroc, a ne cnovbHa ch- 
jia ynpaBJba torom ^orabaia, oa^a fiaaa dpajna , a;iH 
^pamcaa noieaaia. f^njie ^paiia ie aaicaaputeiiaiH 
ea^ noieaaie , iep y iboi ce cie^Habaaaiy t>6a npe^- 
SLO^eha BH^a, t. i. n enoc a Aupuna. -*** 

6) PeMieuia, 

Kao uiTo ie y aeiUTHHaMa 6e3ycA04uo trenoepe;^- 
ao cie^affcaaaao ce ca caeiuhy «iOBeaa y BeiuTaHuoM 
cMaTpaa>y a y aeufraHaaiif CTBopoBama , Taao aero y 
pe^iHrHia to 6e^yejif>%no iasjba ce aao aetiiTO aeno- 
cpeAHO, aaa lUTo ce aa^iaaa aaa npapo^e ii Moae^a 
*^ aa Apyoi CTpaaa luxo ie noTome npefliaeT cawo 
npe^craBe a HyBcraa. Ho ^yj^y\\fi pfi, cae to , mto 
npe^cTaaa /^e^a aa ^ae cTpane , mopa ce cie^aaHta y 
4MCTOM MHriijbea»y , TO arnpoi^ece pejHfraie cactoiace 
y TOMe, m»ro oh cae ie^aako reaia ^a yaiiiilTif ry liporaB- 
nonoaiHOCT, ry ^aoiaay crpaiia. Ofi^aor pejiaraie rtpo- 
crape ce flOTjie 5 ^oKJie aeaacfaae noAnytio ie^aa- 
crao ca^pacaae pejiarHie m HwcTe «Qp»f>B iiiaiiijbeH»a) 

*) TaMo. 



isoia o^^rOBapa. toi ca^psRHHii. To ie^H^tf^BO ea]^»fii«^ 
He pejiHrHie hah Ceayc^osHOr ca cy6ieirroMvno«»np* 
aaaavce OAHoeiio y 4fAaeoHecTuiy ^) 

Hp9u Hwnmm A^^nm&rmu H^m^\y Bora h ^o»eiia ^ 
HiiMHH noiH ia CBoieTseii npa^CTara jmji pejunmiir ^ 
iecnre HenoqpeAiM , hawl ccrecTBemi. AffcojiyTBii ^yx 
onama c« y KOHaiBiiM erBapHat daceffne •opiie^ 
iijiH cTeneHH'iecTeeTBeHe pejinrme, y noiwua oe^iaB* 
ix^a atfeOiiyTHii ^y^) i^^y O"''^ 

. ^<9V PeiAKTHia «ieTHiuii3Ma n Bdaiu^SerBa. Up. 
B0M ue CBbicTJiaHO upe^ci^BiiiaTH a^^oayrno y npe/^* 
weTHna HyBCTBeBiiM, yaQTHM noHAOOoC; a y ^p^iroM^^ r. 
i. peAHimK B(MMie((cTBft9 1QQ^fc caafiaie, npen^ ioiu 
TAMHO- H MeiaieHo , npenyhcvBo oaoie yHyTp£iuiH>« ch^ 
««0. HaA npeAMa^TMita MyBGT«()HHM; i^o ta cnaa iom 
ce HHia laBHJia y (jaecTB > kao CearpaHH^na CH^ia hb^ 
•iH^iHHM ^Hhein HOBe«a. Y UlaMaiiy ne 6or , .eeh can 
UlaMaH ynpaB.^ba iipAqirOAaJii. ') 

66) Ho HoseK Ma«AO-no»tsi4io y^y6jb9iB9i ee y oa- 
mar ce^Q H QQHBifae caaBt^pavB^ ^ va.a^eroea ynyTpaui- 
iiia€H./i^iecT« BeJUTO q(!Iouthbho^ iJBeoqtuTe, iuto Me 
^jaoHCM 04 ibera, h op^^CTamAa ie deSu nan HeraTHBHo, 
KAO Ht^Gidte, iiao BJiiuTa^ h^u hosiithbho . hbo ie^ny 
cyuiTHBy, Koia i^ paawmaeHacocBMnia ^^eaoBUMa cBe« 



*) TIpifMlilTBA: HOBCK, KdO AyXOBUO Te^eCHO. r^lUTCCTBO, 

MOffie 3RaVH cdMO TO9 IUTO ie noAo6tto tbemy: Ho T0116 
OH HHTH M03Re noAiijHO cxaTHTH tuTd io Ajx 9 Kao 
A-jrXy HBTa uiTB ia aaTepnia, aao Matepaia^ neli aoMce 
paayaeTH h ieiJio a Apyro» a v^A cy Ohh y ie^r 
HiiHH , T. i. Ba;^ ;^yx npoHiiKne MaTepniN h nocTaH>e c 
H>0)i icAiio HCTO. Ta TencHia qoBexa b caRpuieHOM SHa- 
H>y, Koie re rtocTHsaiia npH ieAnncTBy AJ^a " »aT6- 
pale, orjieAa c^ a y pjajarwia. Ta vestba nponaaejia ie 
paauo BHAoae ecTecTBeae pciHrBie , Koie OBAe Xerj 
Ha6poiaBa. A. B. 

*) Encicl. §. 564., Vohrles, 



tm&utfuu nanremaqM. ^) . . 

66) TpehH ereneH iecTecTseHe ye^Hmle ieere 
aerpmjMocm^ rjim nepevAQKQ«Be34(mbBji9Kei^«. Vnep- 
cw^cfltoi pajun^KfV' ie^HfiCTVo. ieovecTseHe ' pejinmie 
iipQ./iasir y aboIhoct (^jrajiaaaM) , iif)OTaBnoM)H(fiocT 
cBerJMicTH H MpaKa^ a THMe cawaM «e!i ce yasamaaa 
ma^vo iia/i ieeTecTsOM^ feep no^ CBeTjiomKy paayme ee 
He camo ^o6po h aao , no h 1*0 , pfik ^oSpo no^SHyte 
agio, y PeaffraiH erunercKm crpora dyoAmsoM nep- 
cv/^^HH ^^aia ^pyra BHiuif auq^ai. ¥ toI peaHrtiiw 
Bar HMa aao — neraTHBiio ((ahe n« saa cegej aeh jr 
ee^y aao momoht caora- cyiHi^cTBiyaaiba. Osapac ita 
CBMO ^^aie <(eSKOMa«itio hoshvh^mo- aa'9^%10 acBBcwa, 
BeK yie^ao iecre a aeraTaaajor aa^«.m) y, 4. oa-ito* 
paneeeCe, ymape' a Tame* a<>aaayie j\a ^m noput^aAe 
e^e^ ^a capr, iecre neo^xo/^na monteHT Keroaor-6a- 
ha; nocie as Tor nopai^ai&a 'a^aa^ra) m3 fe aoaa^i^ 
n^tTt J ON ^«ia9a. NaaOBO a (^eda eaaoa ^ ifa cmprM 
nacapiaaaa y acaaor a. ^oc^ai^ i^]p y i^aperBy aa^- 
HyecraeHOM. TaaitfM aa^aaoM Bory £rmii^Tcaol peAM^- 
raia iecre apaaa 6e3aoaa*iRa JiawiotST, cyKieKir, aoia 
AO^iasa ^ no^ayne oaeeM o cefe Tame, mro nop«M« 
eeCe aao oape/^ejb^na Tipe^meT. To caaaOjiaHao cle^- 
^Hiieibe noaaTHBiior a HeraTasHor naieja y ie/^HOMf 
cyCieKTy cacraajba ^BOCMHc.ieiia i^apaaTep pejHraiH 
EraneTCttoi y aoia .hq . ro^iie a iecre peaaraia aaro- 
ae.TKe» *) , ...... 

^pyra aanaa ie^aaoTBa asiae^y Bcyra a Maaeaa. 
tfjia ^pyra creiieif pejiariHe, xecre pe-iHl-aia flyxoBiie 
aMHiiocTH. y iecTecTBiioi pejiiiriiiH, iia HaieauieM cre- 
iieay a>eiioiii , Bor caeaaie ceoe um cyCcraHnaiy, aao 
cySieMT, a npapo^ ape^^cvaajba' poA«>y ^e eySeraiiHie. 



*) Tawo. 

*) EneiH. §. 56t, 



xEra^^fe ^nAocO'9'Vivt. til 

fleno^pe^^tia ttocjbe^iri^a ranffv utoiMa iecre craecr o 
ife^iHCKOAHOCTH Curha H<J4iaHiiop. Bor iasjba ce y CBCfi 
CTH Mao THopaq npeikiyflpoir pe^^a CTBftpif. Ba tom ctc- 
neiiy paasKTRa p^^Aviruie Sor iaB^a' ce npeoj ftao ie- 
^ifHH affcdJiyTHM cyCiewt, dpy^o ^ Raoy^iryrpainiba iife- 
oCxo^HOCT, rpehe J icao ciiojbaiiifba freoBxo^HOcr h^m 
Hecxo^^HocT.*) 

TIpBH iHomeHT, y'rto^e ce fior'iaBjba, uao leflii- 
Hit aCco.fyTHir cyffieKr, npe^craBjba pejiHrma yaBHute- 
HOCTH 5 peaurHia iy^eicira, Tldcjie^K^HM peayjiTardAk 
if^crecTBeHe pejiHraie Guao ie to nocTaB.'i>efte, ^a ie 
aCcc^ymo cyffieu^; npao iuto ie y CBecxH Te a6co- 
tiyTMe 3i<HHocTrf lecxe to ', Aa ie ohb o^jiyMHO ie^kH- 
CTBo; camo ie Eor tipdBo (Tirtie, a cbc ocTajiO, npo- 
Tli«no.fo»<nb iBenty cbmo' no ckOtt npOMeHJbHBO ie ic 
ciyMatwo-; Bor ie i^iir^o Ayiohno cyuiTecTBO ; ort i<^ 
le^dH R HeTpnif"noicpki ce6e kHiDTa'y'uiTO 6bi HMa./i6 
nperehaRiy ifa ca^iocTa^nocr — • Herpnu Apyre. Oii 
ItJ H^wy^poW' — To' ie nlerOBO c?anloo^peAe^elbe! Oh 
ie no3HTifBno Shfiie y ceffw, y HAeiH/'ajm nopn^e ce- 
ceCfe* y CBeTy p^eic^Bkrejtnbn ' -^ crsapa cseT 113 hh- 
Mera." H(% Tfll caeT, iutO' ie lia HH«iera CTBOpeii , caw 
lie" no ce^H Hniin^aBlrn ,- tJHfte MecaniocrajiBro , y Tonre 
ce iaBJba 6o;i«Mie npaBOCyfee , iiiTo ie^^o cBe-fy raRO 
6H)ie RaKaB' ie oh cvm y ceffn. Cfiefia'BJb^ fccJ iipoaa- 
ipmiiM, yrteiwy eaMOM neiita Bora, tor iecTecTBeimx 
noiasa Heo^robapa 6o)RHioi Bo:;bn ; oir MeH>4 Tai' tor 
My^HHiit noiaBiHira * cBoi^a - MOryKcTBa. yomuTe Bor y 
Toi pe^iinriiiH ydBffiiiaBa ce Ha^^iioiitiii H3pa30M y j^Be- 
Ty, Mao upoTHBitOAOMRHM H.eToBoi cyuiTyMif. I](e^ ie 
H»erOBa y i&eMy caMOHr k oh ie hOcTRaaaa y leAHonk 
ifaCpaHOM Hapo^y, roxr oner HMa'ry le^ny i\eA ^a 
cji^HH letOBy cjiyioaiyhti tb^roB daftoa:^) 



^) Encicl. §. 56e. 
*) Rncicl. $• 56t. 



179 KPATKH nPEMEA 

y peaMrKiH iyAeicnai 9 6e8KOwasiiH cy6iauft ys- 
BHuiasa ce ua;^. KOflfiHUHn , Koie ie np^ina HueMy hh- 
iuTasHQ, Hp H90 lUTO 3ace0HO npHna^a cBeonuiTeMt 
TSKo H KonaHHo lecTe Heofxo^HM MomeHT y 6iihy a5« 
co^iyTiior ^yxa 9 koih ca»fo npMohy Tor» HOHaHHora 
iaajba ce Xoncra y ctb^ph, ^) 

TaKHM HaHHHOM OHO lUTO ie iecTecTBeifO , KOHannQ 
oaapaBa ce ^yxoM^ Kome oho cjiyiuH nao anaK h ca- 
nto Kao 3RaK; a cbmo no cefin oneT iecTe APy^^ CTpa- 
Ha y aCcoayTHOM Ayxy» Tano cymxecBOBaibe afico- 
ayxHor 4yxa t. i, y CBecTB HOBeisa , iecxe upacora. 
/^a 6h nocTHrao aCcojiyTHy ij\eji ^^ uoctbjio afico- 
ayTHH ^yx 9 fiomecTBO cryna y CBeay ca KonaHH^M 
jiHHHOCTHsi^ (xao Ko^^ He3Ha6ou^Kiix napo/^a) H idB- 
A»dk\ ce y ibHMa ; camo npu ocTBapaaaii^y tvx noiey^i*- 
HHX i^eaH , Koie nniaiy muore ^eicTByiyKe ^hsuoctii, 
MOBce <;e qcTBapHTu i^ea fi^aycaoBBa^ Ho hb^ npe* 

HB) fiea^yuiHa cnaa cy^Se. Tau^Bie CM^cao pejmvHie 
crapiix TpKB 1 Kdia nspasHaBa K^ym woxieHT paapuT* 
KB aficojiyxHor ^y^^ 9 kbo ^'xoaae auHHOCTH. To ie 
peaHruia cy((i|eKTBBua , Bau peaHrnia aii4HpCTB ^) 

ee) A.1U Ha3iiaiea»e piipr, iuto ie sace^uo raBBB 
ie; ^a 0H.0 yt.e y cacTdB OHpra, uito ie ceeQfituTe^iio 
npe Hero uito to BaeeSno. yasucH ce iia cxenen cae- 
o6uiTera , oho cbmq ce6e nocTaB.iia sa caeoniuTe. 
HapaBHO ^a to cseonuiTe neya ioui npaaor ci^Hcaa 
CBeoiiuxTOCTB #^ CBeonuiTOc^M noiMB. ; . to ie camo 
HyBCTBeaa ifaH euriHpjHHKB cBeonuirocx. Quo fiiipa 
CBMO ie^an napo^ 11 y H»eMy luupB if yxspbyie CBoiy 
BAii^y ^ jfnHtuTSiBaiyhH naH nporyraBaiybu OBe noie* 
^HHe neaH aPK«5^ Hapo/\a. To ie peaHraia Phuumi- 
HB y Koiol aScoayTHu ^yx ia^a^ba ce y npe^CTaaH, 



*) Encicl. §. 563—1. 
*) Encicl. §• 563 — 5. 



XEIMOBE «H,lO€04^Hi£. £73 

MO cyBonapna o^ajhuoct , a ue nao mHsoTBopiia 

CBeCNSIIITQCT. *) 

IJ^e^i ie PH>\tAaHa xa ^a A^hy /to CTBapHor ro- 
eno/^apcTsa ua^ esHiiia uapo^HMa ; a Bor PHMjbBHa^ 
HOW noMame hm y nocTHacei^y h.ih ocTBapeii>y re 
i^eaH, iecTe o^y^Ha CH^a , Koia HeAonyuira HUKaisBe 
i^eaH Ban ce6e. 

Tai ie Bor fortuna publica, Koioi cjiyxce cbh 
6oroBH pa^H pacnpocTpaHefba h yTBp^eaa PHMCRor 
rocno^apcTBa.' CaexHiba hah SoatecTBO ro^ PnnubaHa 
TaRo^e. racnO|!\apH , aanoBe^a h sanoBe^aiyhH Phm 
laBJba ce nao ^Jupiter Capitolinus.^ .Jhhiioct ry^H 
ce y TOM onuiTen rocno^apcTsy. PimcRa pe^iHrnia 
He^onyuiTa pasBuraK aKHsora noie^iiHHx iiapp^a ; Ta 
pejpHmia noTaMibaea CMUcao npe^xo^eliux pejiHrnia. 
Kao npe^cTasHHR cseoniuTe cnae^ Phm cey^a. pac- 
npoi THpe 6e^e h Heeojbe, — ceeoniUTy h CeaROHaiHy 
Tyi^y. Ho re ^e^e h ueBoj>e Su^e cy MyRe wpw pa- 
baiby lipase, HCTUHHTe pe«iHrHie u^h ApucTuiaticrea ^) 

Tehu CTeneu peaurnie u iaBjbaitia AJ^^ aScoayT* 
uor y npa/j^cTauH, iecre pe^iHriiia aficojiyTua (HaicaBp- 
lueHHia). nocreneuHM yiiHuiTaBa&eM RonaMHOra Ay^^? 
uao 3ace6Hor npe^MeTa h nopMu^ibeN c^era luro ie 
OBAauiibe} aScojiyTHH ^yx ^oaasn ao ieARHCTBa ca co- 
(JoH caMHM, AOJiaaii ^a caauaiba ce6e y Ay^y "^OBe-* 
saHcuoM. Ha TOM cTOjieHy noian peaHrMie Aoaa3K ao 
noAHyHor paasHTRa cBora. UAeia Bora Huie BHuie 
HeiuTO, lUTo ce Haaaaif c APy^^ crpaue npeMa npn- 
poAH H HOBeRy, uiTO ie canpHBeHO, Beh iasaiace, oa- 
RpHBa cefie HOseRy OHaico Rao into ie, h OARpnea ce 
He caMO y ucTopaiH, ho h y caMoi.CBecTH Tbrum na- 
MBHOM aficojiyTHa peanrMia iecre pejiHrHia odnpoeen^a 
Bomnia , Roie ie npefAMex h.ih caApsRHna ona caMa, 



*) Encicl. §. 
^) Encicl. §. I ft*. 

r.iacHHK XVII. 18 



274 HPikTHH npBraB^ 

noTome iuto ie y iboi.KOHa^iHo it tfesKOifaMifO nonni-^ 
pcHO II cie^nH»eHO; Bor ie o^Kpno ceCe, Rao «pefl- 
Ater, taKHM y caecTH HOQ^Ka, isatiaB ie oh earn y ce6H, 
H HOseK casHaie y cbomo aV^Y Bora fartwM, KaiiaB 
OM iecre. j^pyrafa peima: Bor ie i^^iiHCTBO ROHa^HOF 
H 6e3KOHaMHor; na na^ ce iaBJfaa y cBecTH ^oBexa 
noiam o tom ie^HHCTBy, t. i. o ie^wHCTBy cetfe c Bo- 
rom, TO OH^a aiianH, ^a ie Bor no^nyuo o^KpHO ce6e 
^iOBeuy, — • H pejiMPHia nocTaie odnpo^Hojn. Ha CBima 
apel^aiuiiiHM CTeneHuna pejiHmie Bor ce npe^CTasibao 
cse ioui, BHiue HaH MaB>e, y^ajbeHHM oji^ MOBeRa. ^a- 
KJie o^KpoaeSke Bora to ie , no Xeray, caiw Bor ! V 
Qjhe^ Tora, iuto ie pacuuHyTa nperpa^a H3Meby Bora 
H HOseKa, cKHHyxo ie ca MoseNa orpaHH^eibe ft oh 
ie nocTao cyiuTecxBOM cao6o^^HiiM. IIoTOiiie aScojiyTHa 
pejiHrnia. Han peaHruia XpucTHiaficua, iecre peanrHia 
ttCTune H c^otfode. *). 

Ilo^nyHH yHyTpaiuibH Rpoi;ec, Roiu ie CBoicTBeH 
a6coayTHOM H Roin ce cacToin.y TOMe, ihto oh octbb- 
pasa ce6e y aeHewy /^pyrow a oner spaha ce r ccCh 
nyTem cbccth o cefiH y tom ^pyroiw, t. i. caaiiafiaiyf^H 
ce6e y tom ^pyrom *). 

Bor cam y ce6H iecre npe CBera HHcra cseon- 
iiitoct, qapcTBO MHcan ^ocTBopeiba csera — Bor OTB^^ 
Ho Bor paaaiiRyie ce6e y ce6n camoM, Rao caanaBa- 
iyfca cefie cHaa n nao iipe^i«eT caora ca3HaBafu>a *). 



*) Encicl. §. 161. 

*) Encicl. §. 568. 

') Ophmc^ba : ^a 6n tacHule npeACTasB^H ooy MHCao 
Xerjia j^n jBmeuo aa npHMep caMora qoaeKa : «iOBeR 
HMa cnoco5aocT no»itaB«u>a, t. i. HNa cnocodHOCT 4a 
cxBaTH OHO I IUTO upeMa H»eMy ctoIb. A>fH xa caMM 
cnoco6HOcT no3HaBaH>a , Roia h3 qoBCKa BSjaan if 
Te'iKH ^a cxBaTH oho, uiTo ce iaajba theuy , iuo»ce 
ce o6pHyTH canol ce6H h yaeTH cany ce6e ad iipe4- 
MeT CBora noanaBaiba. TaKHM Ha^nHOM hobck Rnxce 



XEtjmim «HJioco«iiiE. t95 

To e4rjiapfio 6ithe , iipie ce ct(ii«Aa fB^nao^odi^ 
Bdiba, 0ttfce Ban ce6e. Apyro 'Cnfee, y K<me ce ie^KH# 
CTBO H^eie 'pucna/^a na MHommij noie;|MHHX neHnx 
onpe^ejbeiba^ to i](apevBo H^eia, KoieL ce ocTeapaeaij 
y ^eicTBHTeiWHOM 6Hhy cBen^a, — iecre Chh Bowii. Y 
CMuy ce BoaKecTBO iasAa, nao ueiuTO sacefino, Kao 
»euiTO A9y^^ npeMa camoiii cefiif , uo Sy^yhn ^a to 
3ace6HQ Hjiie iiHiuTa Apyvo^ seh tq, uito o^^upHBa c^^ 
T. i. cam fior, to uoanaBaibeM ce6e y tom aaceSHOn^ 
Man /^pyroM fior e^ ci^/^H»aBa ca co6om caMKM. Cbcct 
o TOM ie^HHcrpy 6orfi ca co6om canvifM , iecxe ^yx 
cBeTw, iecte i^apcTBO ^y^Sk^ 0- I^^khm HaiHiioM Bor 
i« aficoaytna AnHHOcT^ y Kpipi, nope^ CBe xpoicTBe- 

HOCTH AH^2Lf ioCTe CBMO le^HSi aHHHOCT) ie^dH cyCieKT, 

KoiH cBM ce6e caanaie. '). 

y leAHHctBy aCcojiyTiioi: Ay^® 5 ca^pacHoe h *b^' 
roBO aScoayTHO paa/^ewbeibe iiaii pacy^ibB ') ^ Apy* 
FHAi pesMa : nao uiro ie iso«fepeT|ia ^eaii na nouia toiu 
y liOHeTKy cboW OA<«y hhocth 9a3(TeBaaa pa3A€|Aeii>e » 



. .6bth y ieAHo ucto speMe u onal^ sob noauala 11 onu, 
uiTo Tpe6a no3HaTH — Moate 6hth h cyOloKT^ h 06- 
leKT. Tj ce HoseK, xaKo pehn, ^BotH n CTAB.f>a ce6e 
npe/^ace pa^H caanatb^ ce6e. Ka^ le rako E»or CTd- 
BHo ce6e npeAaoe pa^" casBaifca ce6e j 'to le f^uf^Si, 
no Xeray, CTBopeifce CBera. A« B. 
') I1PHME4Pii : AoraaT o cb. Tpoai^a. iecre HaiaAuiB b 

HaiTaBHCTBeHBiu A^TBaT XpHCTHUflCTBay RQIb . Qe |LO- 

cTHsasa cauo sepoB. Ho Ka^ ce Ob xohe Aa o6lacH>aBa 

B Aa ce JHHHB, ROJBKO' TOJIBRO , npBCTjnHHN SHSilby, 

oHj^n ce HeBOMse 5o.f»e it paa^MBHie 66lacHtiTA, nero 
uiTO ra le Ty Xew o6iacBBO. A. B. • . / . . 

«> Encicl. §. 5d». ' 

') IIphmkaba : KoA Xeraa :. paadejhueathe n poc^u-^ 
ehfhe,^ 'snaqB le^Bo bcto; ajH Ba BauieN leaBK^ to 
peqil BOBapa^Kaaaiy leAaii hcth nocao , npenAa le y 
cTBapa TO le^aB nocao. Koa BeBai^a B caBe Te 
pe4B BapaxcaBaly leAHO, lep : ^ift>Ueit<' ab eiflBo- 
aoTBlB oanaiaea dejhe^te. * ' 

18* 



tl9 HFATHH nPBFtlE^ 

iiira BHEue ca^pMcaBiLia ray cefiti/ raao a a6eO*iyTHH 
^yx nocraB^ba ceoie coficTBaiio 6Hhe y ,/ipyroM fiaky, 
He eamo aao yiiiHH ever a^eia^ ho h kao eBer a^ela, 
Koie ce ocTBapaBaiy y ^^eicTBHTe^HoeTH , .t, i. aao 
cTBapao Apyro 6nhe npemd cediH. 

To nocraa^batbe ce6e y ^eicTBHTeaHocra , aao 
flpyro (Jafee npeMa cetja, iecre Be*iHO cteapafhe ceera. 
CrBapatteiif CBera , t. i. npapo^e a aoHa^Hior ^yxa, 
aCco^iyTiiH ^yx npeaaaa aa iHcre Mac;ia y npe^dhaay 
HOBeKa. IIpBM noiaB csecra Hoseaa o Bory , iecre 
npe^cxaejbaibd : c ie^ae cxpane Bora, a c Apyre ce6e, 
aao aaceCne •irf^rHOCTH. To ie oho. ijIto io Moaea o^- 
nao o^ Bora ; to ie np6TaB(iTaB;baH.e caoie aaceCae 
aHMHOCTB a6cojiyTHOi jiHHHOcra HJiH Bory. Ho MOBea 
o^pHse ce CBoie aHMHOcxa a npaanaie, /^a ie a^erOBa 
oyiiiTHHa cam Bor, y tomc ce cacToia npaaapefte 
HoaeKa c Boroa, a,«B >,ac«:y/i.*^M«" lOBeaa *). 

Kao uiTo ce CTBopeH»e caefa a rpexona^eaie ho^ 
aeaa npe^craBjba , aao ^aa o^ejara ^^aara ; raao 
oneT ucKynAjethe yie^afteHO ie a npe^CTaBAeao y aa- 
ce^Hoi HCTopaia ie^ne aanHOCTa , aoia ie c netfa aa 
aona Bo^KHier cauiaa aa aeM.'by a o^aTJie Bparaaa ce 
na He6o. To, iiito ce y xoi npe^cTaaa noCTasjba, aao 
HeiiiTO leAHOspeaeHo , iecre aenna BowecTaeaa ac- 
Topaia, Koia ce noaaBJba y caaaoi jiaHHorra ; aocaiwo 
npeaa Moseay ona nocroia Kao npowAocr a €ydghH0CT\ 
y npoiifjiocTH H>eMy re o^Kpasa CTB0peH.e caexa a 
H.eroBO na^eHye , a y Cy^yliHOCTa yHamxeibe OBOr 
csexa a yTBpbeH>e x^apcTsa Boasaier^ y aoiea he Bor 
6aTH y caaaa *). 

05a xa MOMeHxa — ■ npoiujiocx a (Jy^yhaocT eie- 
/^aa>aBaiy ce aa MoseKa y ie^ny no^nyny; ca^pacany 
y cadaiufhocr y BQaoaoHurafhy mah ^AaeoHecTuiy \ Caeiify 



^) fincicl. §. 570. 
*) Eneicl. §. 571. 



ie TOMe cpe/^cpeAa t^apereo 6aaeod»Tu^ Koie caeraBAa 
ibero^Bj" ynyTpamiifcy ca^pmHHy : cBano ne/^eaHMO, ^Hqe 
ne^a, nao iuto ie itao A^am k tbho mcto ynHpe h 
BacBpmaBa, Rao mve ie^ ynrpito h sai^Kpcao Xpucroc 
I^pKBa XpHcririaHCKa nonas^ba y^oseKy CBy HCTOpniy 
uenynjbepk^t ^BoiiiKifiif naiKHOM : y KpuiTenky ynocH 
ona y HOBOHa RiiMeao doxsecTBeRO : -^ oh pa^a ce o^ 
Bora H iaBJba no npupo^H cBoioi ie^no c BoroM ; y 
npipt0tnity a6cogiyTHp yiMnpe y kOHaMii om , a nocae 
BacKpiuaBa h ocBHBa y ifcemy CBoie oCHTaaHuire, 
y cjbe/t Hera cbm ^yxoBH nocraiy ie^aH ^yx. l^^tio 
cpqe fcyxi^a y ifejtOM oprautiBMy qpRse , csecT x^eae 
t^pKBe 5 CBecT o ie^HHCTBy HOBeica c Boron — iecTe 
/^yxBoiKH, Koifi ce) nao ^yx qpKse. iaB.Ba h caaHaie 
ce<$e y eBuma meHtfM *i»?aHOBHMd. ^) 

e) ^uAoco^uia, 

Tpehu creneH h^h, ^opMa aCcoay riior Ay^^9 iecTe 
ffiuAoeo^itt. y peanrHUf Bor ie CBe iom cnojbHM 
npe^Mev^^ npema csecTH ; iep ranio ie^RUM ie^HHCTBOM 
^ra it HOBeKa, iom ce ao^nyno iieo6iacH»aBa uita 
ie Bor h kbko oh cefie o^Rpffsa. C ^pyre oner crpane 
y* pejiBrHiM Bor oieAHnaBa ce ea ORHnta, Roin ra hc- 
noBe^aiy nyscTBOM h npe^CTaBOiii ; bjih *iyBC*Bo n 
npe^cvaaa Rvcy iK>iu HaieHiae h RaicaBpfueHHie ^opme 
ynyTpaifiHiocTH naiuer ^yxa , hhth ey RaicaBpuieHme 
4opMe a<$co.iyTHor, H^H Bora. Hai^HerHia h naicasp" 
uieHHia «opMa Hamer Ayxa h y hcto Bpenfe ^opnta 
a6cojiyTHor^ hah Bora, iecre 4>opMa snafha^ caofio^uo 
camocTaviHO MHiij.^efbe , noxoiwe mro y tom hhctom 
MHiuAeiby RpexaAe Han npoi^ec npe^Mera aoftaayie 
ee /^a ie ie^HO hcto ca npoqecoM camor noiaia , ham 
nHUujbeiba, H ofipaTHO. ^) 



*) EncicL §. 570—571. 

*) Encicl. §. 572—573- 



tK U9kTUH llP£rA£4 

no^iHKyhH ^o Te ^M>piie ca^pmiinj BOiUTfiHa m 
pe.iurme, ^iuoco^ma. veh vmme cjimiisi cie^^ttfibava y 
ee6u R BeiuvHHy h peAuruiy. HyBCTs^na o^iejrrHB- 
jiocT i^QfuTHHa ocvaie nao oQiaisTfisfracr h y ^ 9«««q* 
e<H^i¥^ HO ocaogo^aiia ce oa ^Boie ^yBeTBedooTUj ii 
vaiciiM Ha*itfHOM npeo6paka . ce y vieierBHTeaiiocT sttt- 
cau, a i^y^ieKTUBHocT peanrHle oinuitiSiRa ce. h npe- 
i)6pa»fraBa y eygtei^THaHoor MHiUi«>eiM. MipuAeiM c 
ie^ua crpaue iecre hqiuto yHyTpaimbe , npBBB cgr^^ 
ieKTHBHOt^x , a c ^tpyre oner npaso MHiuAea^^ ^ -t. u 
H/^ei4, uao cyiuTecTBena^ ^eieTBHTeiiiia cb^oi|iu7Qct^ 
Boia caMo. y MHuiJbei&y bh^k cofiei y ^ofMUK., aoia 
iai no/^nyHO o^roBapa.^) . . 

y a^cOiiyTHOM ^yny y nao casHaaaiyheM a^ yny 
HMa OBO ^Boie , HAH 6ojhe pehii cie^vibeHa ie obb 
^Boiana pa^iba : npeo to, ^a npupo^a CTBapw, (06- 
ieuTHBHocT) , Koia ce ispehe m paaauia , iecre caMH 
BoiaM ; dpyeoy ^ to oasto npevaaie iecTe yie^vo ^e- 
ji^TeAHOCT (Koia ce y Haflta capmaBa) SHafte^ h«ih ^at 
Beiiia,.caMa y cb6h Hooroiefca H^eia, BeMvo- c^/fe 
opTBapajaa, npOHSBo^H h Hacftabaaa ce thmo, b^o aC* 
coayTUB ^yx. *) 

^HVN1^0.«»BiOM, ttao HaiBBttlHM H BOCJbe^HHM. CTe* 

neHOM paaBHTiia a$co»iyTHor A^xa, cBpuiAsa ee. ^aia- 
4eiiTBH«a ciiCTeMa Xeraoaa. y tom eapuiJeTKy hah pe* 
ay^Taxy 40 isoier ie ona ^ouua , ca^psKH ce h hbI- 
Ay^jhif. ochob H»eH. 4^iMe ry ce nmSojbe orae^aiy 
B.^oQToiaBCTBa H He^ocTBTifH TO ^Huioco^^Be cacTMe* 



^Obo ie 7 KpavKo i^eaHHa XerAOBe «Haoco4^Hie, 
Koia ffpe^TaB^a y ce6n cbo pa9«io<^py4H<i fohe, 
KaKo ^H3H4Ke , TdKo M HapaBCTBeHQ BpHpO/ie^ Kao 

») Encicl. §. ' 

*) Encicl. §. ... 



ie^ny M^AHuy.y aiiAy aCoo^yTHCi n^eie. CdB CMHcao 
Te cifCTeiii^ jWii^^a CI? y. xoii pe^yjiTary, ^a nov io 
ana ^ouua y CBdme paasHTKy , a peayjiTaT vai obo 
ie: CeB fi^uouudne ^opjue 6uha nuoy nuwra dpjf^o^ neeo 
paMHU cr^aenif paeemrna uau pdauu JH-OMenru coMoompe* 
i^eMPui>:iedH0 mifooj^TMe udeie^ naia ce eenna oereefpaea 
ff4M op^^Husmpa y $aee^enoi. HoxoMe ^N.i« y oaoi ch* 
CTQMM Xev^OBoi HBua joM rpara o^ o»e aboIhoctk 
CAya<tii««a), Koia ie ^orjie urpajia BamHy pa«fy n y 
uayHa«faifymiiBOTy-^'; viboIhoctm HJnvet^y ^yxa h ma- 
TepniQi! .H3i«eby« ttoiia^iior k. 6esKOfia«iHor ; iep no 
cMiic^y 'ce ^racreHe-H ^yx h imiTepHia ^ h KOita^HO K 
fieaiiquliHUo TOr cy canio pasHii MomeHTii (daMOonpe^e- 
jbeiba ie^^He a^ojiyTiie H^eie, — MONfeifTif , iioie ova 
npOi«a3H y csoaie paseHTRy. To ie^uHCTBO /^yxa h 
MavepKie, noie ie HapameHO y circTeMH XeiMO^oi, 
nocjiyvcif ao io sa ocsob ftOBHioM MavepHiajinawy, KOi^a 
pasBHTaii MH kemo npe/^craBHTs ^pyroM npiraHifOHi. A 
aaca^ capuiyiyhH o«ai nperae^ XorrjiQae cHGreife 
bubmo ^o^bth ioaa obo ^Boie: 

Opiw, y osoM jqparKOM M^aHisy, Koia ie HaMe-* 
ibeH aa ^yiuTBOHii r^acitiiK) mh ce hucmo ]iior.iH yity-' 
lUTfiiT* y npocrpaHo iiaaaraifte ife^e «if««o3o«Hie Xer- 
aoBe, iep TO 6h uac o^sejio spao ^a^eHo; c ^pyre 
oneT crpaue hhcmo morjiH Hiiiura hh nponycTHTH, iuto 
6h cmeTajio, ^a ce Ta «uji030<E>cKa cftcreiiia CxaaxH y 
i^eauHH. C Tora MopaaiicMO Ghth o^se^ KpaTKH. Ha- 
paBHO, npa /^aHaiuiiieM pasMHO^Keiby Haynnor luaTepH- 
ia^a, Belia ie icopHCT 3a HHraoi^e, Ka^ hm ce npe^- 
cTaae cano^ h^tii peayjiraxH Koie Hayue, nero h cas 
npoi^ec, KoiHii ce ^ouijia f^o thx peayjiTara, camo mh 
ce 6oiHMO, ^a hhIo uaiiia upaxKOCT 6H.ia ua lUTery 
iacHocTH ^e.ia, Koie h OHano, no CBoioi npupo^H, HHie 
Cam CBdKOMe npiiCTynno. Mhofh yKopasaiy Xeraa, 
3aTO, lUTO H>eroBa CHCTOMa Hiiie csaKonie npHcrynna, 
ajH xa TeuiKoha pasyiwexH er^a ory^a ie, uito Xoh 



280 KPATRM nPEr«IE4 

wejiehH oCyxBaTHTif ie^iiOM mhcjih cBy, raRO peiiH, 6es^ 
KonaMHy paanoBii^HOcT Gn^k h npe/^craBirrH ie y ie^HR- 
CTBy, y i^ejtHHH, c^jacHO ce •lecTO ca cbhui noBHRi rep- 
MHHHMia. Apyre TeinRolie Heua, oghm re, Koia ie esoi- 
cTBena CBaicoi Be«iHKoi mhc^h; iep hit ie^iia BejiHua 
MHcao He ^aie ce jiaKo. Y cBaicoM c^yialy hk ie c 
ropera npHynaBaxH h naiiiy nyCjiHKy. ^ HHra Tana 
^eJia, npH RoiHiwa rpeCa ro^hro — roaHRO paaMinu- 
jbaBdTH: lUTo ce jiaRo ^o€Hia, to jiaRo h npo^aaH. 
Apy^o. Mhcho OB^e y RpaxRO najiara^M ocHose 
Xerjioae «H.ioccKi»Hie OHaRo, Rao uito cy, fied Rva- 
Rse RpHTUHRe OEi^eRe^ t. i. hh cmo- noRasajin hr /^o^ 
cToiaHCTBa hh nev^ocTaTRe Te 4»Hjioco«4iie. A^m to 
CMC TaRO HHHH^k c Tora, lUTO mejiHMO cRopiiM npe^-- 
CTdBHTH pe3y.tTaTe h ocTa.iux lURoaa Rosnie 4»h^o* 
coa>Hie, uapoHirro uiRo^e maTepHajiHCTHHRe. Ila Ra;^ 
npe^CTaBHMO ocHOse CBHiy .^>«^oco«crhx iHRO^ia, 
^ iloie y HOBHie Bpeme nocToie, OH^a hento tcr y o^bo-* 
iHTOM HaaHRy Cai^RTH RpHTMMRH norae^^ na CBy ho- 
BHiy ^H^oco^Hiy, on^a )ie TaRa RpuTHRa Shth o^ 
sehe HopHCTH 3a one, hoih ceacejie noauaTH oa nair- 
hobhIhii pecyjiTBTHMa, ;^o roIhx ie ^^omaa ^HJioao^- 
cHa HayRa, uero uito 6h moraa RopHcruTH o^^^oiHTa 
RpHTHRa noieAHHHx ijiRoaa. 

y Beorpii^y. 
Ha Cb. AHApeiy 1863. 



A. BAGH.&RBHK, 

peAOBHH v^an ^pyiuTBa cpiScKe c^oBecaocvM. 



• toRUBrmiiAiiiA. 

(JIo MoJBViipy.) 



CfcaoHocT OHOwe uito ie AenOj to iecr norpefia 
Hettot* pe^d, Henig xapMoiime y cTsapHMa Kole ^Hpdly 
Hama Hyscrfta h ^jx uaitf omHBjbaBaiy, itao y 3ByKy, 
y 6oiir, y <f>opArn , y Kperaibyi — xa cKaOHdcx npo- 
H3Be.ia ie geatruue. 

KaA tJiSimeMO h ypefeyieaio ssyKe, *opMe, (Joie, 
Kperaibe, Taiso, a^ tfcHxoBCKaaA tSyA^ npHiaraH aa MyB« 
CTBa H^H sa Ayx , to ie aa/faran CBnpa^a , i«io;iepa, 
apxHTeicTa , iificy^topa (icoih HCrecaBa nAti ca;iHBa 
cjiHKe), noiere 5 urpasa , h^h ^a ce nocjiyncHMO o(S- 

UITHM (HayHHHM) H3padOM, BOUITaKa H^H ymeTHifKa. 

HeiTH cny^aBaiy o6>hm BeiuTHHa CBO^eliH hx camo 
na ma^aifce , uiKy,«Typy , apXHTeKxypy h Ha- MysHwy. 
Illra BHiue ifeKH sosy eeuiruuoM caMO no^pa»€aBaH>e 
naiaHUie aenore, npHpo^ne H.iif K/^ea^He, y cBMina ibe- 
HHM 4>op|iiaMa, H to MeRaHUHKim cpe^cTBHnra. To ie 
OHO uiTO neMf^H aony nAacruna. Oaa peH offHiia camo 
atfup BeciitHHa tcoie ce TH*iy i^praAa, wajiaiba, iuKy.t- 
type, apXHt^eicvype cd ^y6A»eihem {ype^nn^^em) h iiiio- 
aaiHKOM. 

Ho OBO oiipe^e-iefbe seo^ ie cKynefio. lep, Ka^ 
cBupaM HjiH nrpa^ npoffy^H y MOBewy ocef^aibe OHora 
lUTO ie aeno, npan x^pMOnHtcKHM, y^ecmiM nb^kaa- 
BbeN H cnyuiTaibeM raaea , Apy^ yniH^HHui n hchbhm 
Kpeirai^eiif^ HHcy Ah to BeurraqH no- obom mctom oc- 



282 O BEIIITHHAMA. 

HOBy Rao H lUKyjiToip H apxHTeRT ? HeMapH ' HHuira 
uiTO ie ^pyisHHia MarepHia h opybe KoiHua eeiiiTaK 
^jyecTBa ^npa h novpeca , camo Ka^ yciie 4a soseKa 
yaSy^^H. BeiuTHHe iiior,ie 6h ce ^aide HCRasaTH 06- 
lUTif M uai HHOM : Rao ynoTpe6Aerhe rpyda Hoe^Huiee da 
npouaeede oho mro ie AcnOn 

BeiuTHiia Hai^oA^M^ '^^A ^"^^V ««apo^a, na u ko^ 
caHHx Bapsapa ; caMO iuto cy oHe BHuie hjih maibe 
pa3BiiieHe, Bume h^r Mranbe caBpmeHe^ npemia CTaiby 
o6pa30BaHOCTH H npema cnoco^HOCTHMa cBaRora iia- 
po^a. 

Fpi^R Raa 4a cy HMa,«H HaiBiuue cRJiouoeTH OHoue 
uiTO ie JienOy a u nyaRue cnocoCuocTH ^a y^osoi/be 
Toi yaBHUieHoi norpedii MyBCTaa h ^yxa. Tauo ie 
FpsRa 6iLia aa^yro ^hbho pa^H^iiuiTe^ r^e oy ce sio* 
jiepH, iiiRy.iTopH , apxHTeRTH, CBHpa^H, noi^Te Ha^- 
Meia-iH y pa^y ^a no^cxH^iy B^aA^iyKy cxpacr Ha- 
p.o^a, JbyCekev BeuiTHHe, Ha npoTUB, APy^*< hghh ua- 
po^H, H. np. MeKCifRanqH, Rao ^a h Heuaiy ocehaiba 
aa ouQ UiTO ie jieno. Ko«mRo cy aene •^opiie uiTa-» 
Tya H cnoMeHHua rp^RHx, to^hiu) cy pymne Ra uiTa- 
Tyaiua h cnoMeiiai^HMa MeRCHRaiiCRHiif* 

BeuiTHHe Ao6Hiaiy nojier ro^ Hapo^a Ten oii^a 
nouiTo cy HaMiip.e4ie i^eroBe npae noTpeSe. Kao ^a 
ce Hainpe noiaB4»yie MyauRa h Hrpa^e* -BeuiTHiia 
yMexHaiRor an^aiba u HCTecHBaiba iuh ca.i«BaH>a cjuuKa 
Henoipce ^a ce paasiii^ npe, Hero luvo ie seK erao* 
peiia B yae/^eHa paAK>a npocTor au^aiba h vecaaia Ka*- 
nieiia; aau ^a arpa h cBnpRa nocraiie , .^ocxa ie ^a 
HoaeR camo MH*te Horama m ^^ rjiacoM no^^aiiH^ie, hjih 
^a ^yaa y TpcRy! 

^doM Cmug roBopH o nocxaHRy MyaifHe^ tt*pe h 
iioieame , u o iia^uHy vaRo cy ce apaH. Hanpi»Ai|ii 
OBHX fi^xuTUMa noRaaa^iH, OBdRo: 

nlloci^ p^^l^ocTH a npHiaTHOCTH Roie ^Q^aae o^ 
iia.vHj^eMujc H^^aax iiOTpe(^a, HfnaTa nuie HoaeRy ^pM- 



O BBniTHHAMA. C6S 

po^KHie Her© CBRpica h Hrpa. JT nocTeneHom pa3- 
BHTKjr o^]Mi30BaHoetii K seio^riifia , oiia ey sa/^oBOjb* 
cma, Moaie Gmm^ npsa urro te MOBen usyMeo : iep ce 
MeMoaue pehif ^a oii Hdynftssa h oho iuto nenocpe^no 
aaBHCH o^ vi^erOBHX Te^ecHHx norpeffa. loni ce Huie 
uauiao BH ie^BH aapo^ tbuo HaaB/^aii y oCpasoBdiro* 
c^K, ^a &t €ho cacBiiM 063 cBBpRe H iirpe. Illfa Bkuie, 
pevao 6bx -^ cy ko^ napo/^a HaiAHBAaMKntHt Te Beui- 
THHO' nauieiuhe h RAio6ir«]HHie. O^b ce ^h^h ko/^ a^* 
puKaBCKBx i^pMaqa m no^ aMepKRaHCHHX ;!|HBjbffX n;^e- 
Meua. Ko^ ofipai^oBauHX Hapo^a, hhhch pe^oBH Heitfaiy 
na^, B BHiuH pe^ioBH MMaiy MJiora ;^pyrMx aa^OBOjb- 
CTBB, TQ NH ie^HH NH ^pyrH HeMaiy. ^OBOJbHO BpeMeua 
aa Hrpy m 3^ Mydimy. Koa /^BBJbifx napo/^a BHine nnia 
^oKOJiBu^, T» npocTH jby^H ie^BB H anaiy aa APy^"^ 
aa^OBOjbCVBB., a h cava npapo^a no3HBa nx ^a ce 
RBftaBwe THMe saOaBJbBiy. Oao iirro (^T.apii ^oisypttrMa^ 
H OBQ utTio iHH 30«eMo epejHc H Mepu^ ocHOB ie cBese 
HBnieby ose /^bb BeuiTiqie. CsHpHB ie cveiienHTOct »3- 
aecRBx r«iacoBa, a Hrpa le creneRRTOCT Hopatra, mh- 
ifaiba H HpeTaAB, RBMepeRRx BpemeHonf h npocropoM, 
H TORO cBe^etiHx y ie^fia i^e^io r^h y cRCTemy. To ie 
iUTO ce y CBHpRH 30Be ^pRia, a y HipR npoMai;. Bpeme 
RjiH Nepa Hrpe no^y^apace. c BpemenoM' h.ih Aiepom 
apRie^ no Roioi ce firrpa. 

Tpwio HOBeiHie, Koie ie yflecHHie o;\ caaKor ^j^py 
ror opyka aa cBRpRy , aar^e^o ie h iiaicrapHie o^ 
cBHiy QBRpBHRRx opyt^B. Ka/^ ce r^tae no/^Rrao ^o 
necMB, HriR Ha^ ie ^ap aORyiuao ^a aapa^R noae an- 
ij^RTe, Mbfrao i^ HapaBRQ to «itfHHTH ma rbkbrm pe< 
MHina, HBroBapaiyliH rx no Bpemeny h no Mepn h^ 
yotfmre, f^bcom y^eeRRiRM tiero iuto ie npH o<5h*i- 
R<WR paaroBopy. Te peMR c uoHerRa , na CBoi npw- 
•iHiJ^Hy HHcy HMBJie CMHcaB. Be3 cyniHte OH.e cy 6H.ie 
KBo OHH c4oroBH, Koin ce iiQBTopaBaiy wa Kpaiy r^e- 
KOHx necBMB. One. cy i^MO icjiyaHHtiB rRacy/iB mipaaH 



S84 O BEUITHHAMA. 

3ByKope hpHdHH^e sa mejio^^tfie h hoiih ce Morjr npo* 
^ysAHTH njiis cKpaTHTH no BpaineHy h no MefKi apnie. 
Tal rpy5if Ha*iHii Boxaaiie ntyaiiKe iecr HainpocfniiH 
H uaManuiH h Mopa 0hth ^a ie h npsH h HaiApeBfiHiH. 
BpeManoM Mopaao ce upHMeTHTH y /|a ie re ue^ 
paaCopRTe p^*iu ^ Koie 6h ce Morjie My3H*iRHM naa- 
BaTH| Jia^o 61U10 aaniefiHTit v^pyrm, Roie HMaiy uetcor 
cuHc^ia, H ^a Httie 6h40 neMoryhe HsroBopaifee thx 
pe^K ciodKHTH ca BpeMeiioiif r MepoM apilie, nao h ro/^ 
juysHHRHx peuH. OxyA cy nocTajiH ctrxobh h ho* 

JKHBonnc, HCTecuBaifce caHna^ a oco6hto rpaHe- 
BUHa, Moraa ce paasMTH caino nomohy pa^Huiaor 
yMeiuTBa, 06ii*iho, npocxo , SH^aibe Mopajio ie 6hth 
npe apxHTCRType. Osa ynvi Raao ^a ce CBaRoi rpa- 
beBUHH ^a 4enoTa npena MecTy h npeMa OHon^i^My 
ie Hameifca. y ap^HTeKrypii, Kao h y wiHTepaTypfc, Re* 
no^ocH. ie/^aH uth4 aa cse noc«io«e. ApXHreKT Mopa 
^axH, ua npHMep, i^pKBu bh^ pe^HrHioaiiH 9 a T^avpy 
KaH ^BopaHH 3a nrpaibe bh^ CBeTCRM* KaTO^HHKH 
norjie^ iiaaaBH ^a ie totcrm lUTJia HaiDpH4HMHHiH sa 
HsiaBy no6o^Hor ocehaiba. BHCuHa CBO^OBa m mh- 
CTH^Ra nOiiy cBeT,AocT , sejie, ab yaaKuiaBa iio6ohs* 
HOCT. lecT ^Hsafi h aaiipevi^aH norjie^ h. n. lIlTpac- 
GypuiKe i^pRBe. Ho uac npaaocaaBHe BeKua norpeca 
BiiaaHTHCKH lUTHa. Ko ie BH^ieo CBery Co^aiy y l^a- 
purpa/^y^ Cxy^eiiHi^y, JKany, MaHacHJy h v^pyremouy- 
meHTaJine ocxarRe cpScKe.cjiaBe h BeAH^iKHe '^), siiahe 
Haifiojbe^ uauo ce ue^a aaCopaBHTH iiixo ie ie^^aunyT 
BH^eo o^ OBHx 6oa(HiHx xpamoBa. O TOMe mOBceMo 
cy^itTK u no OBoi juajioi xfpRBH, Roia Ie ca^ oba^ y 
Eeorpa^ caaH^aiia npeua RacapuH^ no HaHuuy Ma- 
HacificKe u Cftie^epeBCKe i^pRae. Ko4hko ie npHiarHiiie 



^) la can -ce o TOMe ysepHO r npn hoh 4eToiuif>eM ny- 
TOBaH>y y CryAeRRiU « y ^"^y. 



nor^e^TH ita.ibefiiix neT m^AWk^ apoeriix aytfeva^ itera 
Ha fu^HHy^ fiopaTO yttyaiiieHy aaonapy aaiue oafiopm 
i;pKBe. 

flpHpo/^fia HaKaoHOCT HapoAa M^oro ie.npifHeaa 
pasBHTity .lenHX aeuiTHiia. Pe^Hruoaiiif h Mejianiio- 
«iHHKH Hapo/^ nponamao ie rorcKy apxHxeKTypy. y 
rpMKoi apxHTeKrypn uaxo^HMO <^HHohy,. Koia ie oaua- 
naea^a cBe o5H4aie Kao h cbb vv^Jia lejiHHcpsor nae- 
Aiena. A hy^jbHSH ofiH^aiH XHueaa orAc^^iy ce h na 

IfoHXOBOi apXHTeKTypH H Ha IbHXOBpi HQIUIfcH. 

Paa^HKe HJiH^e h seaiuhe ysuHHAe cy maoto. ,^ 
(Jy^c paajiHHHHx BpcTH apxHTeKxype, a secTO cy y 
tome o^pebHsajie n cbm KapaKxep apxHteRType. H 
/^pyre norpetfe npRuei^e cy pa3BifTKy apxttteKrype 
Kao H ^pyrMx ymerHOCTH. 

Joiu o^ HaicvapHiBx Bpemeaa npUMernAo c^, na- 
Ko BeuiTHHe A^pBiiy epqe h ^yx OBCHBAasaiy , 0a cy 
HeKH K rae^aaH ^a ceTHue RopHCTe^ Sa^yro catBTpa- 
jiH cyaene aeiuTHHe uaoopy^e B.«aAe,.Kao cpe/tCTBO 
^a ce aapoA *iera n.iauiM hah /^a xora nomiiyifa* OrpoM- 
He rpabeBB^e Acupi^Ha h MnqHpaiia ) Bom kqphcth 
/^anac KeMO Sa^aaa TpaaciiTH, nosce fiiiTB^aHBcy una* 
ae ApyrQr aa^aTua. Obh cno^uB aHai^H m>iM h cud^-^ 
re, 6h.ih cy. oh^sl .HyB&BB ^a opHKaoBe TBAaiuHi^ rb* 
po^^e, KoiH cyioui y/veTBH»CTBy 6haHj /^a npinie neo- 
rpBHHHeHy B.ia^ Bor naemeHB h^b Roie Kacre.. Tpe- 
(Saao ie /^a ce ohh^ Roiu cy ce aaaaB npe^cTBBHBi^ii 
6o3KaHCTBa Ha seMjbu, iioBamy jby^uMa Kao ^seKay 
cseMy OHOM iuto Harae^a Kao cnara hjih BeaBsan- 
CTBO. BeuiTHHe 6uAe cy ^aRae Ofy npeKe noxpeCe, 
^a Bauecy hb ^b^bb ftHXOBy mob. HiBMa ie Tpefiaao rpa- 
4UTH. xpamoBei /^Bopoee^ rbihxhhtmtm, ^ihbhth cbbt- 
ROBBBe, BavHtiubBBBTB oeCii Q/^Bjio B opyB^flie. Apxif* 
TeRTBy NOJiepH, .BittKyaTopH, CBHpBHB, notBTB, vpe6a« 

JIB cy HM BBO B BOiBHI^B ^B O^pBUIBBiy BepeTBSHy 

TpouiHy arpa/(y B>BxoBe toaa^e. O'^y^ ce bbah, aamro 



taS O SftdimilAlliA; 

Tiuie, M ^a XX c mmocoM aaicpwbyiy, ttai&Mttie naBe- 
•iHKy uiTery ;^pyrHX rpana pa^HHocTH. 

110 cpefiHj ma A^cy npe aeuiTHHe 5Hjie iaKe no* 
itlohHHi^e iiojiHTHKe H pejiHFHie , iuto cy ce Hapo/|H 
BH1116 MOpa^HO pasBHia^H, iuto ie npocBera ko/^ ibiix 
sehMa Hanpe^oBajia h ocehaifca hm ce npoMHtuf^aBajia 
H y3BHiitaBa^a, thm cy BeiiiTHne m yiMeuiTsa cse bh- 
me M BHuie ry6Hi«a aHanai ho^htkhkh h pejiHrHioaiiH. 
Ckjiohoct oHOMe uiTo ie jieno, ra naemeHRTa Tenciba 
Ayxa , npecTaaa ie ^a caymM BjiacHHqHMa KaobpyHe. 

111 TO ce Tune BeuiTHHa^ euouoMiic'i'e nocTaBiiJiH 
cy A^^ raaaua nuTaiba: ^^ Jiucy BeuiTHue SoraTCTBo 
aa Hapo^e , h ^a 4h Tpe6a ^^a hx B^^a no^noiiaiKe? 

4^ an JipoMaBOAB BeuiTBna yii.«omaBaiy (tbrax- 

CTBO? 

IIIto ce THie npoHdao^a rpa^esHHa, mitBOiinca 
It tuRyarypp, naTaibe neMOwe 6iith no^ cymAOiur. Tpa- 
heBBHe, mrarye HCJiMxe iecyiiraTepHia.«HO 0oraTcTBo, 
ivora M^oiKeibe noBehaBa saHCTa xanHTaji napo^a. Ajih 
Mome AH ce TdRO pe^n m aa cBHpity h iirpy? Mosne 
•IB ce Kdo nponaBo^an cmaTpaTH ^ap cBBpa^a h Hrpa- 
mb? ^dtkjk Cmuc BeaH pfi RemoBce, tK, S. Cei b 4^uo^ 
ate meM^ ^a noate, 

II0 Hayi^H CMHCOBoi , oho Hncy npoHaeo^^He 
CTBapB , Koie ce noi'pouie y hcth TpeiiyTaK na^ py h 
iiocTa;ie. 

Ha TO o^roBopa 3K. B. Cei obbko: 

iiKa^ ie pe<i o CTBfBpBina Roie ey camo sa ^a^o- 
BOACTBO, HeMOBce Ce o^petiH ^a < n HaBrpaBaibe ^o* 
6por Teaxopa ue^aie 3a/to«ojbCTB6 ombbo hcI'o crsap- 

HO BaO BBB^' HOBeif 10/^6 CaaTBBIBB, UAH r^e^B Rd- 
BBB BaTpOflf€T) « asO ie HO CMBCOBot Bayi^B /7pOttd- 

uodnt^. Ja Heifaxo^HH ^a ce naMerao .MOafie .pekH , ^a 



01 fiEltltlftlA^MA. 89^ 

HHie^ ^') 

Hoy Md Aa 4$p p.^ Cei vpudfi^ie ;^^ i^ A^p cbh- 
pa^a aipouaBOA^H, 9l^ oneT HeyaHMa a^ iMropu npo^ 

H3BOAH yWAOHiUBSiiy HapOAUH UaOHTa^. EbO HHHe OH 

no^KpenAaBa Ty cjioiy MHcao: 

nllpofiaBOAity koIh HBcy MaTepniaaiiH h4h cxB^p- 
Hu, Be«ui OH^ HeMory ce ifaroMHaaBaTH, n^ tano iieMp- 
ry HH M.I03I&HTH uapoAHH KanHTa^.. Hapo^, kqa Kora 
6h 6hjio AQ^Ta CBHpa^a, aaaBH^ittiusa , morao 6h $htm 
eeceo h ^o6po ynpaB;baH. Ho iberoB KaoHxaa , obhm 
pa^OM THX Jby^H, ne6H nenocpeAHO nopactao , iep 6m 
ce n»niityBn npoiraBOAH noTponinjiH o^Md Ka^ cy h no-t 

CTa-^H.*" **^) 

Ajih ory^a , iuto* ce npoHSBo^ MaTepnlajiati hak 
HeaiaTepnia^^aH novpouiH o^Ma *>hm ie nocrao , aap 
AO^a3H'Ad OH HeMaomH RanHfaji Hapo^a? HemoHce Avt 
Oh noBehaTH aico ire RaiiHTaji cnojbaiuibH, a oho 6ap 
KanHTOii yHyTpauiibH, ^^ ce iroc^tyxtiiMO Hdpaaoir 
TUropxay itanHTaji aeroBHx cnoco6HOCTir«ii3HSKHX, 
AytueBHHX H Mopa.iHnx? Jep napo^ koih Hema aBdHH- 
MHHKB, noiera, CBHpaia, napo^, no^ Kora neSii 0fijia 
oSpaaoBanoctH no.iHTM«YRe h BeiJUTa*»Ke, 6h ah 6ho h 
Bancuo Kfto onai napo^ , now ^oboj^ho ^ma xane 
BeriiTaiKe ycjiyre? MoseK, koih ce yie^HO cmarpa 11 
Kao KanHTd^i h Kao opran aa npoH3Bol^eii>e , He6if jih 
y Toine Maibe bbskho wero y HMemy ^pyroM. / 

y CBoioi KILH3U de la liberte du travail \o cao- 
Co^H nocvia) lUapA ^uHoaie AOKa3ao ie, a^ Tpoiueae 
BeiiiTaHKHX npoHaBO^a, 6nAO warrepitiajiniix 6isAb ne- 
Mare^piiiaAHHx^ pasBniay ^oaexy naiRHe i^nocofiBOcrir^ 
Oryvia ^oabmh ^ fi^& ce yiiMtHnnw^i nponnno^nocr ^ (Jh- 



^*) J.-B. Say , Traits d*^conoitiie poKCique , kh>. I. 

w. XIII. 
^^) Ha RasaaoM Mecry noMenyre Ktbure* 



jia cMia ji^i9>epiiiiUAH|i KM Hej»aTepfwia«M^.ii0ifO9Ke 3r3e- 
TH Kao Hen.flo/^Ha. 

' ^ Ho /^a npekHMemo obo A^KasHBaibe ^a cy seui- 
uiTMhe npoR3Bd/^He , ie/^HHM npocfuM naao^^oiii. Pei^ir- 
m6j ;^a KO o^yame HrajiHiu ii>eHe neeane h cBHpaMe; 
na aap ioi thmc hoCh yaeaH HeniTO (JoraTCTBa , ma- 
Rap re BeiuTHHe saMeHH^inf i^fHaRHiit tfpoieM pa;\HH- 
na , ft. tip. ^pBO^ejba , KOBasa h t. n.? Hra^ima HMa 
RofpHcnr o^ pHv^a bBoixx neaa^fa h cBupa^ia itcro OHa- 
Ro Rao H o^ pa^a Tema^Ror n aaHar^ilHCRor. 

IIpBO, pna cajna noTpouxu ie/^au ^eo pavia. cboIhx 
iieBa^a n canpa^a, h osai noTpoiuaK npMHOcH ojSpa* 
soBanocTH Ta^iHlancRor Hapo^a , paaBHialyhH »eroBy 
^pocBeTy j H ySjiaaRaBaiyhii h yr«iaHyiyKH 8»eroBy 
napas n o6aiaie. Ilocae , APJ^f* A^^ nponaao^a ^e- 
HHx, BeuiTHna, KOiKMa ie Hra^Hia orifciiuiTe , eeaRe 
ro^ae h3bo^h ce b3 aeM^e. Hrajiuia cH^id^eBSt cbo- 
laM Ka]ifno3HTopiiMa , cbqihm CBiipaiaMa h HrpanHMa 
Kfwioro cTpaHHX TeaTopa. A y npomeiiy aa re ueiia- 
Tepaiaane npoHaao^e , obh yMeTanqH ^oSmsiy APy* 
re jipoii3BO^e hhcto MaTepBiajiHe, o^ nera ie^au ^eo 
;|OHoee .x)6uhho y CBoiy /^OMoaiiHy. Kqin 611 pa^e- 
HH^ 9 na npHnep ^ Ra^ap 6ho oaoaHRO aacwiysKHTH h 
THwe npHHeTH ^oraTCTsy HTaaBie, ro,ihho ie Pocuuu 
npHHe? Kola uiBajba^ ma RaHO Beiura, Bpe^Ha h iiey- 
MOpHa, Moraa 6h ce y npHBpe;v^ cnope^HTH ca Kara- 
^anoM naH nacroMl IIoHaBO^H /^aisae aennx sei^THna 
HHcy Henao/^HH aa HTa^Hiy. 

flo TOMe, jieae BeuiTtiiie Mory Henocpe/|HO y.M«AO« 
aKaaaTH uapo/^HM nanHTaa, ^h^o KaoMTa.! MaTepHiaji- 
HH^ BoiHce otOHHBa aa aeMjbn, Cm^o RanuTaji aeMare- 
pHiajiHH y Roin ce cbctoih y cnocoCiHOCTHMa *h3mm- 
RHM H MopaaiHiM Ror HBpo^a BeiuTHHe. cy Aaicae 
npoH3BO^He OHO^HRo H OHaRO HCTo RBo ft 086 4pyre 
rpane pa;^a Jby ^cKOr. 



H BeHiTaHMO npoHSBO^eiba hhhh ce Kao h csa* 
KO A^yrO'f nOMofcy npe^^xo^ne TeKOBiuie^ noMOhy ita* 
HHTa^a H pa/^a.; y tom norjie^y , aeiuTa^KO npoHs* 
Bpi^eaie ueua iiHiuTa HeofiHHHo, ochm luvo neuihe ue- 
ro KaKAB AP^i'H P^A) A^^^A*! ^pupadne Mouona^e. 3a 
BeaHKe yMeTHnne nocTolH npiipoAaH MOHonoa , a6or 
Tora, uiTO uaAMeTaibe (KOHKypeuiiuia), Koie CiiBa Me- 
by ifcHina, hhI^ AOBo;bH0 a^ o6opH £|eHy H»HxoBOr paA^ 

0H04HK0, K04MKO 6h. ftBHia HQ CaMHM TpOUlKOBHMa HOA* 

HOCKAp. nosHara neaaMHi^a HSeuu Jtuud HMa npapoA* 
HH. MOHOaoA, iep narpaAa Koia ioi ce a^^^ aCor.peA- 
KOCTH ft^Ha rjiaca , maoro ie Beha, Hero iuto 6h ioi 
Aocxa 6U40 a^ Bfome nesaTH. To ioi aohoch npnxoA 
Bao roA H A^ 6h ^^ BMaaa oa senAe. 4^ ^y BeiuTH- 
He H npBpoAa yMecTU ieAne JKchb -IbhA) cTBopHJie 
XH*«taAy OBBKHx Kao UITO ie OHa, BSBecno ie<. a^ "O" 
Hono.i ouai , Koin ona ya&iiBa, h^h hc^b nocroiao bah 
6h MAoro MaifcH 6bo. A da CAaane MOAepe, uiKyATO- 
pe H apxHTeuxe nocToia ioiu sehH mobohoa , iep oh 
He CBBO A^ c^ ueryfiH liero o^hhuo ioui BeKma pa- 
cxe nocAe bBxaae ciupTH. BpeAHOcr Tor mohodoab aa- 
BHCH OA aacAyra seuiTaKa h oa 6poia iberOBBX npo- 
HBBOAa. IIpeMB TOMe, KBKO ie AeAO Kanor iiOAepa bah 
luayATopa BHUie bah Maoie SHaMeHHTO, b i^eua ie paa* 
HBX eraeMnjiapa seha hah maiba. Kba ie ieAHana Ba»c* 
uocT , C4HRe BAH lUTdxye H MaH»e haoanhx BeiuraKa 
npoAaiy ce CKynA^e Hero cAHne bah luraTye Bemra* 
Ka, Koiax npoH3BOAa na Cpoiy sHuie hmb. TaKO , Ha 
npHMep) o6h4ro paA xo.iaHACKor MOAepa Xo€eMa pe- 
AOBHO CKyjube ce npoAaie nero o6hmhh Py6eHCoe mvL* 
Bonac) npeHAa Xo6eMa y BeuiTHBH cToia BBBie oa 
Py6eHca\ iep npBora Hiiia cbmo inaAO A^*^^ ? ^ Nf3^^ 
MX ie iMuioro octbbbo. Tbbobbx npHiiepa mofab 6b b 
BHuie HaaecTH. 

BpcAHO ie caanaTB xe padABKe yiJ^eHH Beuixan* 
bhx p^fdASi u RaKO ce oae Metbaiy^ ocoChto naA oaex^ 

TjiacHHK xyii. 19 



t90 O BElB^iniAlllA. 

J MO^y yh^ itaKirB na^i hh^ hjih uithji, nrnvt - le 6ho sa- 
6aMeH. To flam noKasyie, ko^ihko o,^ nouyde a vpa,Mctbe 
3aBHCH i:feHa 0ei£iTaMRiiM nocjioBHMa. H y i;oMe naxo- 
/^HMO BaiKHe no^avKe: KaKO nocxaiy, fcano ce.pasBH* 
iaiy n KaKO Ha f^yvo BpeMe npecraiiy' npHpo^WB mo- 

ROnOJlH. 

no^eia CMO yirpaTKO npexpecjiH nHvante o npo- 
w3B<MuocTH BeiUTHHa, o nemy ce BeK o^aBiio rOBopn 
H nniiie, iour hbm ocxaie ^a bsbh^hmo: ^a ^»h y Beiii- 
TaiK^e nocjioee Tpe6a B^a/^a ^a ce meiua, h<«h ie 6a- 
jbe ^a ce to ocraBH c-*0/^Hoi pa^ibH noie^^nnnx ;by- 
flH, Hao H cBaKH ^pyrw nocao? 

Caitia CTBap cBe^^oMH, ^a h y crapo Rao h y ho- 
BHie Bpeme, BJiay^HHO ryxopCTBO Ha^ BeiUTHitdnta HHr^^a 
Hnie 6hjio o^ BejiHKe RopHcrH. Hai^HBHnlH CTvopOBit 
BeiiiraMKH nocTaan cy cjioCo^hom pa/^ibOM tioie^riRx 
jby^H. 

MHCHpi^H K CROpO CBH CTdpH BapO^H OCy^RBa.llt 

cy Ba poCcTBO CBoie 3apo6jf>eHHKe a Ra^^na^ b HRxaBe 
Happ^e, Roie cy noRopaBa«iH. Thih poCjbeur cAyminAin 
cy ce ^a SB^aiy oBoie cnoMeHiiHe. Sntiiiio noHiweHne 
^a ie eapeicRR Hapo^ pa^no Ra/^ cy ce SB^^ajie nn- 
paMH^e. Ho MMCBpcRH cnoMeHMi^H BHUie cy nyBetiB 
no CBoioi rp/^Hoi Be^iHHHHH nero no ^enOTH. Bn^HCe 
^a ie Hapo^^, h^h 6o;be pe^if Racra. Roia ie re cno- 
meHHRe no/^H3a«ia, TRMe HanfepaBajia r.ie/^aoi^a BHuie 
aaCeaeRnyTH, Hero my ^yx npiiiaxHo nOTpecTH. 

y TpHRoi BemTBHRa ^e.ia Huaiy cacBHiw APy"**** 
3HaHal. A ocBM Tora ohb Hoce na ceCn ncMar c^o- 
So^e. H /^OHCTB, yMeTHocT Fp^Ra hbic 6if.ia octbb* 

JbCHB B./ta/^H B^H ROioi RBCTR. FpHRB CnOtaeHBqB HO^' 

HaiBHine SB^aHB cy noMohy ^o^OBOJbHHX npnjiora. 
TaRO Ha npHMep, HyeeHH xpam /fuianuH caaB^dH ie 
npHiff03HMa peny6^HRa u npajbesa asiiicRHX, o^ nprt- 
^HRc onaRO Rao uito ie i^pRsa ceeror Tlerpa y PHMy 
y He^eM no/^HrHyra HO^api^HMa xpHniliaHCfBa. Ka^ 



o beihthrima. idl 

ie Wjffocrpar noidenyrvi xpfaw j netieO npeo'6psiTRo, 
^naa icfTiOBa hHcaiiiiia ^a ce oneT ocnyie. Cbh e*e9KH 
rpdbaHH ^psttaair cy ^a hat oGpaa neno^HOcii ^^ TOiice 
HenpHnoMOrHy. A mene cy sKpTBoeajte Hcebie aP^" 
i^oi^eirocTir. *). H y /^eA^y oSihtrm TpoiuKOM Caan- 
^ajiH cy xpaw Ka^ le Hsropeo. Kophhtckh ap^HTeuT 
CnauTOp no;(BaT(ro ce 4a ta clspiirH sa SOO rajianaTa **). 
4Be rpehuHe rora ^aae cy rpsne BapoiiiH , a ocra- 
raK HCHTejbH /^eji^'CKH, itoiM cy nynHJiH npH.i6re h no- 
Hai^ajbHM MecTHMa , ^a ^onyHe iuto ie He^ocTalajio. 
HeKa ArHHCKa nopo^uqa ^o^dJia ie o cbom Tpoiuny 
yKpac, Koin Hirie 6«o y miaHy. H& yKpac xpaMa lipH- 
Jia^a^e cy noie^iiHe BapoiUH rpHKe mjih noie^HriH 
rpai)aHif. ATHB>aHift cy noKjiOHHJiir xpHHaicT lUTarya 
ROW ie H3pa^no ^udute, 

O^ ie^Hor ^ejia /^oxo^ana rpnuHx xpaMOea H3^p- 
SRatojiH cy ce cBeiureHHi^B^ a o^ APJ''^^ o/^pmaBaaa 
cy ce « yaenmaBajia a^anHia. CBeiiiTenHnk mhhh^h 
cy ndiBefee ^ispTBe camo ^6 yitpace oSnTa^aiiiTe 60- 
roBa, H reatpTBe pexKO cy ocxaiajie Hcnjio^He , iep 
H-y Fp^iKoi, OHBMa cy (JorOBHwa naiBHiue japH^iaraan, 
ROin cy 6yijiK y ^ai^enuiHM Drpa^ana. H Ha^wieTaifeeM 
Ma.^fix ^psRaBa , na Koie ie rpsKa seMJba 'Cnaa no^e- 
Jb^wa, raiBjie cy ce BeuiTHne. CBaua ie ^p^Kasa rae- 
Aa.ta /^a Biwa Hai^enitie xpaMOse . nai^enuie cirowe- 
HMKe H HaiJienme c^nise, Thm Ha/^ivieTaibeM hiujio ce 
fto KpaiHOCTM 5 xe ie ChJio Mjiora 3JioynoTpe6.iefta- 
TaKD cy nocjie para c IlepcirioM yrBp^K.iH Me1)y co- 
(Jrwtf, ^a ce o^ Tor /^offa y rpMuoi npHpeaow oC^uith 
TpoiuKOBR no^Mfipyiy, a AxHifeaHti 4a thmc pyRyiy- 
HtpUKAec HMie rae^ao na to, Kaico ie yroBopeno, nerd 



^) Bh;^h BapxejeMOBo iijTOBau>€ mta^or AuaxapaBca^ 
I. Kifo. cxp. 480. 
^^) leAaH TajiaHx'H3R0CH o^ npH^HKe 5.4oo jHspa 4>paB. 
i;jr3sor ROBi^a. 

19* 



202 O Bi:UlTHfUMA. 

ie re «on;\OBe noHaiBHUie ofipahao na y.ienuiaibe 
Athhg. l^eaa FpHKa noBHuaaa ie sCor xora ua Ath- 
ifeaHe; na ii to ie 6mo ie^aii ofl, r^aBHuiiix yapoKa 
nejionoHecKOM paxy. — 

PHMjbaHH, Koiii cy BemTHiiania 6h;ih Mau>e o^auH 
aero rpi^ii, iiHcy mhhh.ih OHdKO BejHKe HipxBe aa npo- 
i^BBxaibe ywexHocrii. H y PHMy, Kao h y MucHpy, Beiii* 
xiiHe cy nor^aBHxo ynoxpe6;baBa^H ;^a noSe^enHM Ha- 
po/^HMa noKdHiy CBoiy ciiay u BeaH^ancxBO. 3H/^aii»e 
BeiuxaMKHX cnoMeHHica npeAy^HMaxo ie ko^ PiiMjbaua 
aaxo, 4a ce H>H.KOBe Boicne pa^y iiaBHKaBaiy h pp^obh 
^a Hw 6yAy y nociy, y obom npe^y3u!«iaK>y waie Cujia 
o^ BaatHocxH ckjiohoct npe>ia ohom nixo ie t^eno, na 
HapaBHO ^a ce xo h na BeiuTHHaMa noKaaa^o. IlpH 
CBew xoM 5 no;^ ABrycxoiw, BeuixHue cy nose^e iano 
Hanpe^OBaxif , ho xo ie 6hjio c xora , iiixo ce oxbo- 
pHO cao6pa^ai Hsiweby FuJta u FpHKe^ na ce BH^eao 
KaKO ie y FpsKoi. Aeeycr ie casH^ao Ohraeuiee nop^ 
TUKy xpaM Mapca ffATopa , xpaM AnoAOHot , HOBy hvL" 
ia^y H ioin Buiiie /^pyrHx cnoivieHUKa o^^ Ma&e Ba^K- 
HOcxH. IberOBH npHiaxejbu , A. Kopnuffiut^uie y Asuuui^ 
IJoAUOHy MapUfUie ^UAun^ Kopnejiuie BaA6a h aex ffce- 
rOB Aepuna no^iiran cy xanol^e, o cbom xpouiKy, BHUie 
cnomeiiHKa. Asrycx, Koia ie ceCu npucBaiao CBy aa* 
cjiyry luxo cy ce no^ iberoBOM saa^OM Bemxiiue uo- 
Kpenyjie, na hcko Bpeme npe/^ cBoiy cwpx peKao ie: 
„npHMHO caM Phm y g^axy, a movhih noxoMi^Hna ocxa- 
B^baw ra y mepniepy. H y PHwy, wao h y Tp^Koi, mxa- 
xyawa HHie 6h^o 6poia. M.ioih aiiaxHH rpabauH no/^u- 
aa^iH cy ccCh mxaxye o cbom xpouiKy. U^eriaopH xpy- 
^h;ih cy ce ,?\a hm o^yawy xo aa^OBOJbcxBO, xe cy bm 
aa^paibHBajH no/^HaaxH y pHiwy mxaxye 603 i^HxoBor 
^^onymxeaa. Ho OBa 3a6paiia riHie ce npocxHpa.ia h 
Ha nojbCKe Ky!ie, xe cy CoraxH rpabaiiH yKpamaBa^n 
CBoiHM caHKama Coraxe nojbCKe ^BopoBe. 

Ka^ ie iipona.io pHMCKO i^apcxBO, Bapsapu cy ca 



6 BEUITHHAMA. 293 

AHBjbimi ^ecHiiAOM. nopyiuasa.iH HainaeMeHHTHie yp- 
Heice CTapor yiweiriTBa. Hecrajio ic seuiTHHa Ka;^ ie 
o6pa30BeHOCT noTaeHeaa. Ho one cy HaHOBO noHH- 
KJie^ Ka/^ cy ce noCoiKHa ocehaiba ySBHCiiaa h Ra^ cy 
b5iiiTHHe nocTajie caoCo^He, IIIto ce roTHina Beiu- 
THRa noiaBifaa h iiito ie Hanpe^OBaaa, HMa ce sax- 
BajiHTH pasBHTKy xpiimfcaHCKor ocehaiba y oc.1060- 
^eHHM oCtnTHHaMa cpe^iber Bexa. Mjiore BejiR^ian- 
CTBene i^pwBe Koie Kpace aana^ne BapoiuH h rpa^oae, 
iio^Hrjie cy ce /^oCpoBOjbHHM npHaoaiiMa mecTKHx jkh- 
Tejba, njieiMHfia, rpabana, a h npocTHx TencaKa. HHiuTa 
HHie Tatfio saRHMjbRBO, H c npHBpe^Hor norae^a, nao 
HCTopuia ;^ir!BHHx cnoMeHHKa rOTHHRe BeuiTHne. y 
Olio ;^o0a Ra^ ie cBy^a 6nAO CHpomaufTBO, Ges pe^H- 
rnioaHor o;^yi[ieBjieH>a aeCn Hapo^H morjiH no^nerH 
HcpTBe, Koie cy HywHe 3a no/^H3aH>e onaRHx rpafee- 
BHHa. Ho H HHiflra ce HHi« nponyxuxaao /^a ce to 
o^yiueB^eae npoHsse^e h ^a ce o/^pmaBa. Bjia^HRe 
H npocTH CBetureRHi^H nponQse^a^H cy npHMepoM, 
HjpTByiyiiH no Roin ^eo CBoinx ^oxo/^ORa y nomofe ^a 
ce no^HrHe Roia ^pRBa. CBaiUTa ce offetiasa^to oHHMa 
RoiH 6h npHHejiH iuto cbctoiw ^eAy^ 6hao CBoiunf pa- 
^^OM, (JH.to HOBneM. Aro ce r^e HHie niorao ^pyRMnie 
a OHH cy H'RaRBHM RaMeuiTeRHM H^^OM CR^aibaaH na- 
po^ ^ei npH.iaate. Ka^ 6h sarjie^a^H y HCropRiy nai* 
3HaMeHHTiAHX xpanfOBa y 3ana;^Roi esponR, yBepHJH 
6u ce, fl,a ie ynope^ yweTRH^fRor ^apa Tpe6aao h ^h- 
iiaomaTHHRe BeuiTHHe^ na ^a ce ra Be;iHRa pejinrH- 
io3Ha npe^ysefca CBpme. TaRO, Ha npHwep, y Op.ieaRy 
B.ia^HRa Eeepr nosHe SH^arR npBy upRBy y ^leTBp- 
TOM BeRy. Oh ie roBopwo ^a iwy ie aH^eo nORaaiao 
H MecTO r^e TpeCa no^Hhu xpani 6oiRHiH. Ka;^ cy ro- 
na.iH TeMej>, nor«ieRHijH naby saRonano bcihro 6aaro, 
a na caM ^au, ica^ ie B^a^RRa ocBeuiTaBao i;pRBy, 
(npHHaiy) na^a ce ofijiaMdR Ra^ H>erQBOM raasoM h 
H3 ffaera ce noHOHte pyRa, Koia xpHnyT ^aarocaosR 



ZSA O BElJJTHBAMii^ 

xpanf, cBemxeBCTBQ h Hapo;^ cnyn^^HH. To My^o yna- 
HHAO ie, re ce ce/^am xHAa^A /^y^^ no^pcTU40 h op- 
4eaHCKa HpKaa B3H^e ua r^ac. 

y IIlapTpy, Bi^a/^HKa ^uu6ep oApe^H a^inpe cBoi 
npHxo^V 04 "^P^ ro^H»« Ha SH^a&e iq>KBe ; to ie 0H;io 
1220 ro^HHe ; noc«ie aaseiuTa sejiuKy cyny 4a ce pa^ 
npo/(y»H. Marujida^ a&eua BHjbOHa aaBoieaaxejiiai opa- 
^pymH ce tom A^-^X? " noMorue ^^a 9e D^pKBa o^obom 
noKpuie, Tano ie Cbao a ^pyrnx aHaxHiix npHjioaK* 
HHKa. Ohh koIh cy aceaeaa npHnoMOiiH, a HHcy ujuaaxi 
HOBana, pa^H^u cy nao capaopa. roMii.ie no(?oaKHar 
cBexa AO,«a3HJie cy ua pa^ h3 Aaaena. PaAeaHHH 6h- 
pajiH cy ce^H aauoBe^HiiKa ^ koIh tie CBaKOMe nocao 
oy^pebHBS^TH, Ty ce pa/^Hjio ca CMepHOiuhy ; Nofey cy 
iia.iH.iu H aafiaA^aB caehe no KOJHMa oko iipKae u 
^pMcaaH cy (S^eHaia, neBaiyitH CoHsaacKe necaie. 

y Illrpac^ypry cy Mufteua ae^Htta o^eha^a sep^ 
HHiia, kqIh 6ii noMoraH ^a ce TamoiuBia Beaaaa sypaBa 
no^arHe, u noKJiOHu craay ;vo-ta3HTH ca cBHiy crpaaa. 
Ho ooeT ie 3»/\aibe ror BejiH^aHCxaeaor xpaMa xpa- 
va«io ^yate o^ Mexupa aeaa. rfo^exo ie c vi^BaHaicxam 
BeaoM , a CBpiueno xea c nexHdlcxMM. .Sa^^f^i^e xe 
i\pKBe H3H^aQ ie ^a raac uixpaoCypmne xeca^e Ka- 
MeHSi, OBH^paAHHiJ^K cacxaBJba.|H cy , ioui.y bepvaH* 
QKOM i^apcxBy, ecaa^ sa ce^e , OABoieao o^ AP^^^ 
3Ki^dpa H u3 ibii;x cy Ha««a3H.uf ifaisetiK apxaxenxH 
OHor ^peveaa. |^o ^pau^yane peBoay^uie oh« cy 
6uAao6ae3aaaAd6AP3KaBaiy mxpa<'6ypmKy i^paay. . — 

H cxape cp6cKe . da^nK^nae no^uraa cy .noaai- 
BHtiie noj5omHH aauxa BAa^aoi^a a 6oraxa noie^aaH 
jbV^H. Taao CT^euumf ocHoaao ienpeu Be^aHkC^ iKuny^ 
Cretan UpMoeeun^auu u cb&th: Caaa^ /f£vaHe,Kpa^ C^e* 
0aH ^^HUHQKUy U^ap 4yia«« maHacxHp y Ilpaapeay, no-j 
cse^ea Apxaurejiy Maxaujiy a raspway *), Pa^anuHt^ 

■*^) BuflH noaej^y AyiuaiiOBy j XV. csesKH FAacHHRa 
APJ^'^Ba Cp6eRe CjioseciiocifH, oxpa^na sa'^-^atf . 



O BEIIlTilflA»A. 89S 

KHe9 Jn^apt^ Jby6oGinn>y u^apHi^a MnjiHu^a^ Ka.ieHah, 
Mamtcmiy n BKiue .^^pyrax naitacTHpa caan/^ao ie Bu* 
00 Km Cre^an^ Tano »y 4>pyiuKoi Fopa cse iraiiieMa- 
«aoT»pe no^arjui ej icaii nqie^HM noQuaTH B«ia^aoi;« 
cp6cKa- H BJia^apKe Kao ocHOBaTe;bH, Hiia BHiue mnx 

. Ha oBora iirro ie Kasaro, Ba^a ce , ;(a ie aai- 
Beha /^eo naiBamuHiax h HatiopHrHaaaHRiax cnoHe- 
liBKa caaif/iada nodoHSHOCTH peaHOCT y aepa noie^a- 
UHX ^yA^? A 1*^16 TOMB HyaKHa daaa pyica aaa^^* Henia 
eyi[ii>e ^a ie xa pesHocT y aepa Gaaa no^cTHiii^aHa 
pa3HHM aa^HHOM. Maoro nyxa BJia^ao^H , rpa^afm h 
B^iuTai;Hy.H3 capeBHoaa&a npeMa ApyrHMa, rae^a^H cy 
^a cTBope uxTO- aenme h aefee cnoMenaKe, Kaao ^a 
HH y Kora 6ojbe neiifa, xe ^a ce iwory noHOCHTu. H 
xaKO cy ce m40»chjih BemxaMKH ypaei^H h y apenie 
CHpoMdiuxBa M CBaKoiafce neBOJbe. 

HapofHxo y HxajiHiH oae maore majie peny6i«H- 
ae iauo cy noMorjie ^a ce paaBaiy aene aemxa- 
ae. Ha^wieJiyhH ce y xprOBHaa, xajimaHcae penyfijia- 
Ke xaao cy HaaH^e h y BemximaMa. Boraxa xproB- 
HH 'Be aye 5 Ilaae, ^PjiopeHnaie a Maexaaa ^pacajia 
cy ^a Hihxob noaoc aiuxe ^a aaapicaB aemTaae a 
^a HO^Hray ycBoiHM mecTJiMa BejiH*iaacTB6He cnoMe^ 
aHRev Tai ^ys eapesaosaAa noioaaifBao ce a ho^ 
nana. . Pmi h. 4>jiopeRqaria • npenapaviH cy ce o mexu- 
laaiMt sl9iiixa«(ai(ta HxaiAHie* .IIoHHy no/^aaaxa Baaa^aR 
CBeTOrTIevpa; ho noneM o6hhhh a.'iBopH xanaatt. aa** 
cy CTtisa^H ^ ee to arpoMHO npe^yae^e ^ospuiH^ 
noiay /^aaaxa onpoiuxai rpexoaa aa aoau^e; aaa Ka^ 
ie.TOCBaKy iiepy npeBpiuajio , y MAOaeaAi xpaiuhaa- 
CBHM aeni^aMa . xprae ce CBf»x o^ o^KymbKBattiSi rpe* 
xosa. H xaao orpoinHa BaaaaaK aemorae ce Apsp- 
lUHXH. — ..... 

Ca noaaxa*]HaAi a xproBa^KHii na^aateM peny- 
64aKa , Koie cy aao Mpeaca xa^ifiaaeay 3e^A$y yap- 



CM O BBIIIT0BAWA. 

CTVjie , CTaay j Hra^HiH onaxaTii h Atne BeiHTiaie. 
Otfo^^pasaibe /^ecaoiiHie aHr^a niiie vorao oCiiobbth 
ciaiBOCT, Roioiw cy Aene BeiuTHne CBerjiBjie y Bpene 
oCuiTHHCRn penytfjiBBa cpe^Ker seBa b tbro BBBBa** 
Hor npepobeRia. 

y 4»paHi;y3Koi , JiydeuK XIV. ^^pmao ie ^a rpeffa 
;^a noMaace aeuiTBHe. Ilpa o;^y meBi^eAy ror Beaa- 
KOr Rpajba. KoA6ep ocHvie JKndeMuiy aennx BeiuTRHa. 
.Vy/^BHR XIV noTpouiHO ie rp/^HC cywe aa Rpa^bes- 
cRe najare. IIoa fberOBom B^a/^oni HCRa^to ce o;^ bb- 
po;^a HOBdi^a bb Hue seiuTHHa, a o^aMO to ie fiB^to 
aa noTpe6e para. 

npopaHynaTO ie ^a ie ^y^^BiiR XIV. noTpoiuBo 
Ha rpabesHHe , Ha narpa/^e h oCo^paBaHie Beuii'aRa, 
^o 165 MHauioHa Ta^amner Hoai^a *.) 

Ha CBM Beprajb , na iberOBe ynpace h cae uito 
ya B>era H^e, othui^b ie cyma npeKO 116,000.000 

aBBpH. 

Ha CeH nCepMeH npeRO 6,000.000. 

Ha 4>OHTeH6AO npeKO 2.000000. 

Ha Ta/^amH>H Jlyap h Tnaepifie opeao 10,000.000. 

Ho CBH OBR rp/^HH TpOlUROBB HHCy yHBnpe/^HjiH 

aeuiTHHe. IIo^ ^y^BHRom XIV. one cy tfHjie cano o6- 
HBBjbaAe cnoMeaa aP^bhoctb , bjib npepobeibe ae- 
uiTB«a. A y 18«oit aeay oiTRa , orobbb HeBameibeflHM 
npBBBjiBMa njiaheHRx aiia^eMBia, cse ce aehMia h 
Behma Raapao. PeBoaytiaia ie Tea ^i^Brjia pyae ca 
BeiuTHHa. Ho oner y to spetie eTBjio ce no^pa- 
xsaBaTH aacHOBRMB B o^H^aiBtia rpHRBM b pbmcrbm. 
Ka^ ^o^e I- HanoaeoH , a or Hanoao yse^e aaa* 
HBHHo TyTopoBafiie «a/^ BetuTHHaMa. ^la xo)iy« , tb^ 



^) Brah histoire de la vie et de radcninislration de 
Colbert par M. Pierre Cl(§meiit. (HcTopnia skhbotb 
H jDpBBe Ko46epa.) 



O B£ttrrHHAMA« 297 

KO te* HHcao C60M MMHttctpy yHyTpauiibHx noc^iosa, 
rpo*y Kpere , „^a BeiuTHHe i^Bare y wom i^apcTBy." 
Ho BetnTHHe HenoCiXyuiaiue aanoBecx ueorpaHH^eHor 
BJia^a^f^a , h y Bpetie npBe i^ap^BiiHe BeiuTHHe He- 
npoi^BaTHiue. H o^ Tor ^o6a nncy qpeora^K y 4>pari> 
i^ycKoi SBaHHMHO MeuiaxH ce y seuiTHiie* O .Tonte ^^Be-^ 
40HH .^y^er ^paHi^yaKe, koIh noKaayie 6poiKy npeno 
HeivpK MH4HioHa ^pauaKa aa ro^HUKbp Ha/^pmdBaibe 
ana^eMHia, Hapo«iHTHK lUKoaa sa BeiuTHHe^ na HBpo^- 
He Myaeie, na yi<pace> iaBHHx rpa^eBHHa^ Ha na^aBKy 
caHRa 3a luyaei y 4yBpy, na o^o^pa^ibd h iioma* 
raibe BeiuraKa 9 na noMoh Hapo^BHM TearopHMa h 
T. SL H T. n. 

Ho H ocHM o6h4hhx 6yi?eTa secTo ce y *paH- 
i^yaKoi o^o6paBaiy Kpe^HTH na rpabeibe h^h ^oBpuieibe 

XaKO HaSBaHHX HapO^HHX S^aHHia , 6h.10 TpOIIlKOM ^p- 

maBHHMT, 6hjio noie^HHHx o6iiiTHHa. Tano Hameby 
ocTaaor, ^aTO ie na naaary ^pmaBHor caBeTa 11 mhjiu- 
ioHa H 500 xHjba^a 4»paiiaKa, na IMa^aencKy i^pKBy 13 
MHjiuioHa H 400 xHjba^a, na SH^aifae ^epae 7 idflaHioHa h 
600 xHj>aAa *paHaKa; ho aBa nocie^fta cyiwano^MH- 
peua ie Hapo^iiiTHM npifpeaoii , hoih ie y^apeu na 
IIapH3Ky TproBHHy. 

4»paHi](y3Ka aaa^a sKpTsyie ^anae ;^BOJbHO na 
BeuiTHHe, a THine cpaamepHo Heynanpel^aBa hx^ iep h y 
<i>paH[;y3Koi , icao h no cbhm ^pyrHM ^^pHcaBama , ua- 
iipe/^BK BeiUTHHa noKaayie ce mhmo Baa^HHor Kpyra 
H crapaflba. A TOme ce Hiiie hh ny^HTH, iep CTapaH>e 
Btia^HHo 6iiBa DpeKo AorwHuor AiiuiacTpa > ,a OBai h 
npa ^ofipHM ciioco6HocTMMa Hemopa HinaTH npHpo/^- 
ne CK*iOHOCTH aa BeiurnHe ; a ochim Tora o^Tepehen 
te y CBOM Kpyry h flpyrnni nocaoBHua, na iwy, nnpic 
Hai6ojboi bo^ih^ o^hhho neocxaie BpcMena ^a ce ;|o- 
Bovbflo 6aBa- -oko xora , a ksa ^^ ociohm na maa^e, 
noHem oiih Hucy o/^rOBopiiu , Monie ce ^oto^hth ^a 



tSl9 O BEIUTBH^IU 

ce /^paKasua noMok Heo6paba ouai^o who ce ^ej^ejio, 
na ce HenocTMrne iih i^e^, aa Koij ce TaKBH Tpoiu- 
KOBH H HipTBe HaMciByi^. Caopo CB/Aa onaasa«io ce 4a 
ie OBaKO, na a^or Tora ie a OBaa/iajio tbko HHui^eSie. 

Hawa B^a;|a, no 6y^eTy sa paM^ueRy I863-hy 
ro^Hiiy xpouiH^a ie rOAHfOHie; 

rpanra nopes. 

1. Ha napov^HH Myaei — — — 9000 

Z Ha iftaNeHopesHNi^y h ua^BBNy 
aaara 30 jiiiTorpa«Biy — — — '—* 11.400 

3. Ha a^BTj npo^ecopa i^praaia y 
(feorpa^cr&oi rHMaaaHiH m TprpaaHKoi 

lUKOJIH ^) — — — — — — — 7.t00 

4. MuHHCTepcTBO rpabesHua ca cbh- 
Ma rpabeBHiiama, HHi,iHHHpHMa h apxHTeK- 

THuia cxaie ceera — — — — — 809.472 

Csera A^Kje h3 ^pHcaaHe Kace na- 
^aie ce hb Ha^poiaue norpeCe, Koie ce 
BHiue H^M MaHbe THsy seuiTBHa y Koie 
Hac OB^e 3a6aBJbaiy — — — — — 891.072 
rpouia nopesKHX. — 

. . HaaecHo ie ^aHUKaaaB nauoaoA Hirie npoSHra- 
MBH HH aa BeuiTHHe HCTo OHaKo KBo HH aa^pyrypa* 

^HHOCT HJIH XprOBHHy, 



*) no HOBOM 6yi;Lery aa isHpa^HCKy toahh^j oea ey- 
Ma njiahahe ce hs r.iaB0or 4»oHAa uiRO.iCRor , sao 
mTO ie yo6iuve tiape^eRO , A^ B3Ap»:siBaH»e ri^MHa- 
staia, vprosaqK^^ loRdJie ■ OaracjioBHie Hedj^e aauie 
o Tpoiiwy ApvaBinc aace aero ^oha* uiaoAcior^ 
Koin lie, opeina ton,hobom aape^euiy, ca cjaoa no- 
Tpe<5H0M, aa n.iahaH>e yHHTe.i>a ochobuhx uiRO.ia| 
opeRO 36.000 AJR^Ta hecapCRHX roABuiH,er naASTRa 
BuaTB. 

3»R0B oycrpoiCTBy TOr «»obaii Hirl« ay osaiti 
< aaAAtav oApeAao. . 



loMiH TO j0^,ejifi A^Aft«2iw*lfr^.p%a3o»aHQc;|' HHi^^iia- 
KvipHd H^npe^oBafity B^^iuTima* j\a ce.To aap^ej^p^iii 
Hano^eceaanpHMepEHrjieBKu AinepHiiaHj^H, aa, ttoie, 
Ma^a .cy ua j?pxy paAHH'iK;© ogpiiaonaHocTii, ^^^iy,^^ 
HH3KQ cTQie lUTO ce Ta,4e BeiuTMHa. Ho /pmi Koiuva* 
Ko roBope, cweKy c yiwa, ^^^ cbh napo^H HHcy o/^ape- 

UH CBHM Cn0C06H0CTHMa, KaO UITO HH CBe seMJbe He- 

Mory 6hth 3a CBaiuxa uao/^ne. HeKu ceBepHH na- 
po^H HMaiy A^pa aa pa^HHocr , nao iiito oner hckh 
lyHfiHH Hapo^H HMaiy cnocofiHOcxH aa BeuiTHHe. Heice 
semJbe 6Hjie cy 3a aY^^ Bpeme Be-iHica pa^HjiHuira 
BeiuTHHa, a/^pyre oneT pa^HJiHJuxa daHaraHCKHx npo- 

H3BO^a. 

IIIto -Hapo^H Meby co6om BHuie npoiwefey CBoia 
^o6pa , THMe u ^eo6a nocaoBa seiia 6HBa h cBe bh- 
lue H BHuie ynanpebaBalie ce aene BeuiTHHe hgto ohbho 
Kao H aaEiaTjiHCKe. PaasHTaK BeuiTHna ycKopHhe ce paa- 
npocTpaneibeM Saarocxaiba , iep he ce OH^a h seiu- 
inTa*]KH npoH3B04H BHuie xpaa&HTH , a yuanpe^eibeM 
pa^HHocTH H HOBe MdTepHie h caBpiueHHia opy^a 6h- 
he hm o^ Behe noMohn. Mome 6hth ^a he ce bh^slth 
MaH>e ^BopoBa h ^a he ce mafte Hero npe ma^iaTH, 
a,iH he ce rpa^HXH HsejbesHHLte h najiare sa pa^HH»i- 
Ke H3jiore. 

C APyre CTpane , ynoTpe6jieu>eM rBomba h cra- 
Rjia cB^ cy Moryha BeuiTaiKa cMHiujbaiba, 3a Koia 
crapH HHcy 3HaaH. 

ynoTpe6jien.e hobhx opyba , pa/\HHomhy npona- 
beHHx H4M ycaepiuaHHx , CTBopnhe APy^^ uanpe^Ke: 
exo yMHOH&eiiieM CBHpa^KHX opyfea Hnie jih ce ynnHHO 

BejIHKH KOpaK y HHlUXpyMenxCKOi CBHpKH? 

y BeuixHHaMa , Kao h y CBemy ^pyroM , Hosa 
o6pa30BaHocT, no cboi upH^HqH, ynyhewa ie ^a na^^- 
mauiH cxapy r^HBHaHsai^niy. Ho ita^ ie ■ o^npe na- 
npe/^aK BeuixHua naiBHiue sasHCHO o^ c4o6o/^e y h 



300 O BfilllTHHAMA. 

o;^cd;^ fefe 04 ibe aaBtiCHTR. Kao k cse Apyre rpane 
npoH3Bol)eH>a h pbahhocth, xaKo h BeiiiTHHe, y oho- 
jiHKO fei5 6ojhe Hanpe/^OBaTH, y ro«iiiko iim ce 3a pa3- 
BMTaK BBiue c^o6o^e ocTaaH Saro ce one o6HHUd 
nope^ HiueHa nJiene^ aoay h ^cjio4fodue*^ BeuiTHne. 



OBor* noAupeAC^A"** ApyinTsa cp6cHe cjiosecHOCTH* 



BACnWTABABfh T AUCEPHIPL ') 

(IIo r. Jla6yjio-y) 



A iieeepyeMTs ^a Huixa hmb y HCTopin, iuto 6bi 
ce Mor.io ycnope^HTH cb rp^HHiu-b pacTenKitfi* Cae^H- 
hKhu ^pmasa y AmepHivH^ hjih ^a HMa nosopn, Koe 
6bi BHuie noCybHBaao Kib pa3MHiii;iflBauio. ^ea ca.MO 
BeKa HaHHiiHiue o^-b uiaKe naceaKHHica Hapo/^'b o^ii 
^Ba/^eceTii ti hcthph MHJiiona a^^^^ ''9 "<^ ymepeHO- 
me panyHy, Cuhe raiio^ nefee hh nex^eceTij ro^Hna 
npoliH, BHuie oi?^* cto MHjiioHa .110^111 o^T* e^HOra e3H- 
Ka H e^Hora n^ieMena, y toS ^pH&aBH, raKO peJiH lOMe 
po^eHoif *). Fo^HHe 1780, AiviepHKa xeKT* 6euie e^Ha 
no6yHkHa naceoCHHa, koh, Cea-b noBai^a, 663X1 jiaba, 
6e3i> npHxo^a, moafliue <I>paiii^y3CKy ^a ion y HyiK^H 
noMorHe ; ^anacb e, eno , rj\e a cynapHwqa Enr^ec- 
noh Ha ^sa OReaua , a cyTpa to nehe Cmth /^pHcaBa, 
TO he SfciTH e^aHii hobii CBeTi cnpohy CTapora CBera. 

Hh to Hie cse ; osaii Hapo^i), Kora cpeha na- 
aH^fH Ha KanaB-b poMani* , 3khbh ^pyroa^ie nero Mbi. 



') Orations and Speeches, bj Everett; t cbos. in — 8. 
Boslon, t850. — Die Kirohe und Schule^ in Nxird 
Amerikay von Dr. Hermann Wimmer; 1. ca. in — 
8. Leipzig", 1853. 

^) r. Kjieii paqyaa ce ^a na obomi> 6e3rpaBBqHOM'& npo- 
CTopy oonyjiaqiR yABOH sa caaRe Ana/^ecer'h abb ro- 
AHBe, R Aa e Taiio Ohjio 1862. rpH/^ec^r'b n "iempii 
MH.iHioBa aiHTejfl; 1884. A^te hx 6nTH ineiyrAecfeT'b • 
ocan MBjiioaa; 1908. ero xpiiA^^'eT'fc ■ uiecxii mhjih- 
ioHa; 19S8. ABQ CTOTBBe ceAanAecex'b a xpn mbuhio* 
Ha. HonHCb oa'b i860. roAHHe noRaaao e 31. 616. 2i7. 
»HTejia. HeB-lopKi, rob e 1850. HMao 51 5 5'17. xch- 
xejiH, HMao Bx e i860. 814.2*71, Bepa«iyHaiolkH y 
TO H BpyRJBHT* (Brooklyn) rob e TeR% baho npeA** 
rpa.^^f voe eaBO aa ce6e A8Baci» 6poR 21s. %t5. RtBxe^Ji. 



302 



To 6 ^eMOKpaTiA, TO e penygjiHKa, to €ctt>, Hena *op' 
wa ^pyiuTBa h sjia^e, koio cy Phm-b h TpHKa no/^ny- 
HO nosnasstjm, aJiH roio ey y l^nponn TO.wrno ocyfeif- 
sa^iH Kao HenpaKTH*iKy n ximiepifHKy. 4>paHKaHRx> AP"- 
hytiH no3/^paBafli£ie qbv Hoey no^HXHKy , koh ce ne 
nQ3ffBa HH Ha SomaHCKO npaBO hh Ha CH.iy , u koh 
Henpnanae HilifaKBO flpyro na^eao ^opasyMb. Oht* ce 
MOjifliiie Bory ^a saK.iOHK ycxasij , epi* oceliame ^a 
he My HCKycTBO ^axH aa npaso, a aKO ueSy^e HCKy- 
cTBa, OH/^a &b 6orOM'i> caofiOAHa npaBHre^iBCTBa IBon. 
6 ntroBy MO-iHTBy ycanmao ^ojBMa Hero iuto ce oht. 
na^ao. 6AHHa aeiviafl, y koioh e, o^Tj 1789. ro^HHe, 
Hiirao CBe SesTi noTpeca, r^e "e ^pymxBO WHBeao fieai. 
6yHa, H r^e ce nncy HenpecTaHi;e ineHfl^a naneaa h 
H^e«3 ecTe. AwepHKa. Cxapa Efipona, aa koh) ce mh- 
c;iH.io ^a e xaKO flo6po y^emeHa^ norpecaaa ce to- 
^HKO nyxa HaiiTeMejH; luoHapxiH, ^aaropo^CTBo/no- 
BaacTHii[e, CBe ce pymnao : ycxaBH h cKynniTHHe hh- 
cy 6f»iae ^yro'TpafiHie, h y cpe/^-b 6e36poHHbi npo5a 
H 3aaa Mbi CMO BHine nyxa iiOHceaeaH Mnpa u cxa-«- 
flocxH one ^emoKpaxie, koio yBeKi. wy^e ^a e nccxaji- 
Ha H 6y HHa J a hqh ce exo Hie iiponteHii^ia o/^-^ lue.cx- 
^ecexT. ro^HHa na osaMO. 

O^'^aKwve u3B^pe cxa.«H0CTJb oBora ypeJie»if? Ko 
Aa USLWh o^Kpia ^afiny nl^OBe TpaHiutiarxH? To e 
na»Be)iiil 3a/^axaRfy nosie nrojiitTHKe ; ho y EBponn ce 
neonama ^a cy ^pmaBiim\fi xpancHJiH peiueHa xojwe 
aa/jaixKy. HaKxon.iiH npiaxe,^i»H c,^o6o;\e h AiwepHKe 
HAicy yBi^Ki* OHu Jiio^ny kou cy liaK^Q^ik noHMH^iH obo 
^BQ« ; xaKO Mecxo hiIh B31> CTpaxa^ hjih bo HedHanio, 
Hfcitf H3iy aaBHCTH x^e^a ce ^oKa3axH /(a ' Cae^^nnhHe 
^pAcase CToe cacBBRfb /^pyroa^ie nerd flpyra ' oCpaso- 
Bana ^pyiMXBa ; ohe ce ^a ^OKaace ^a xaMO 6f>iBa ne- 
uaKBQ.'jyAO^ fies-b nocvte^H^a vlah HpHMene aa cxa- 
pfiiM cBer-hm TaKO ,ce. uanpe^OBaH^b Caioaa^ ofiacfi aBa 
H^CTb ^eMOiipaxcrfHM'B RapaKxepoAfB ycTditOBa^ ^^aci* 



3f» 



Se3rpaHH*rHoiufiy aeiwat, oxBopeHe pa^RBH h Bpe^^uo- 
ftn CBaHioif, Hacbjt nafinocae, pe^Komhy napo^a iiiTO 
MHHH BeaHKy Ha^HHX^y h ne^onyuiTa ^a'ce hslmaoshh 
CHpoTHHfl. HeMa cyiwHli ;\a cy oao Be^Hise ^oChth; 
a^H He fpeSa v^yro nyxoBarH xe BH^eru cxape uina- 
HBoacKe HaceofiHHe, xaKO npocTpane a ioui'b y ffo- 
A^my no;io»€aio Hero Cae^^Hnbue /J^pmase, c-b Manh 
napo^a a Hent^H'h /^eMOKpaTcne, aKO ce roBopn canio 
o ycTanaBaiwa, na xe Haceo6HHe Maine 6e^HO Caiut*' 
OH/^e r^e Caioai i^Bexa^ To 6, rOBopn ce A^aK, hobi* 
napo/^'b, a penyS^HKa e npocxii Ha^HH'B B^a^e, koh 
H ecxii y^ecaH-b sa HOBa ^pyuiXBa : ^BOJina norpeui- 
ita; epii y AinepHipr, aKo e nOBd 3eMafl, Hie hobi> na- 
po^ib ; 3a5opaBaa ce yBeK^, ^a cy AmepHKaHi]^ Eh- 
raesH, ROH BO^e cbos cao6o^e o^ii BejiHKe Xapxia 
(ycxaBa) ; a mxo ce penyC^Hke xHHe xaKBe , KaKBa 
ce paayMe onaMo , xo ype^enk, KO'e cxaBa» B^acxB 
y Mace H SHHH, ^a ce mace totobo BO^iBko nonopa- 
Baio, ecxjb BeoMa xeffCKO, h xaRBO ypebenL MO>Ke ce rro- 
;^ecHXH caMo cb aio^Ma, koh HMaio, He He^ocxaxKe nero 
^oSpo/^exejiBH npocsexe, HHBHansanie. 0a6/^HHl)He ^p- 
H^aBe 3KHBe o^i* cAo6o^e a MexH^a ymnpe ca cao- 
6o;^e. Ilaeiiie^ Ka^y, oCncHaBa xe paa^H^Hxe cpefee; 
rpehno petuenK! ko6 cxaB^H peHB na mecxo mhcah; 
ep-b ynpaBO h ecxe nHXan-fe : KaKBO 6 xo anrjio-caR- 
coHCKo njieMe, o^ny/^a My eHepria, koh My y OBOM-b 
peuiHxe^HOM'b MarHOBeHH), o6e36ehye BJia^y na^xi cae- 
xoM-b oxBopaH)kH HtMy caMOMi) HOBe KOHXHHeHxe, /^a- 
loJiH My Aycxpajiiio, Rao ^a My e MaJia AMepHKa! 

TaJhiy cBoe BeaHMKHe 3HaK> AMepHRani^H o^bb- 
HO, ep-b cy 6 o»H ^OHe^H ca co5omt> hsti EnrjiecRe. 
Hwa xoiwe ^na Bena o/^RaKO cy ohh Hcf paHcyiohH naB- 
npocxie h Raiinony.iapHie «OpMe noanxHSRe HnaRi* 
xoMe ;\aBaAH xeR-b ^pyrora pe^a ^ bbbchocxb snaiohH 
^o6po ^a CAoGo^a sbbhqh iBHiue o/^ts ^y^^ rpa^ana 
Hero o;^* cHCxeMeB^a^e. 0^*b BpeMena Jly^BHRa XIV 



304 



OHH cy flCHO BH^eAH OHO, ufTo CMO Mu TCKit Harab^- 
AHj TO ecTTi, /^a cAoSo^a me HHuiTa BHiue uero e/^ua 
cHjia, KOfl w^e fia sao Kao h Ha 4o6po* Ako e npu- 
Ternemi), ona 6yKHe, a aKO e ocTaBHiii-b caniOH ce6H 
OHa onycTOmaBa h.ih onaobasa npeMa pyi^H , Koa e 
ynpaBJifl h kob ce HBome caymH. npaBauii osa^i Ha- 
uiaH cy AiMepHKaHi^H ioui'b OHora fisma^ Ka/^a cy noM- 
MHAH ^a cb Hapo/^onfb 6uBa TO HCTO xiiTO H cb noe- 
^nHHAfb HOBeKOnfb, H ^a no4HTHHKy caoCofly Tpe()a 
CMaTpaxH uao cio^o^y npHpo^ny, noneMi* 6 to e^^na 
HCTB CAo6o^a, Ako ce ^anAe ohe ^^a ^OBeKi* x&mbh 
noiuTeuo, on^a Hie ^ocxa HsaomHTH 3a ulvra y kb- 
KBOH KHBH3«i npBBHaa 3a Qaa^aHl^ , Hero My bbah y 
cpue yjiHTH MopaaHO npasHao, ^o KOMe ce Hnia ynpa- 
BAHTH. DnMaao Hie ^pyronnie y MeKaHH3My npaBH- 
TeaBCTBB : y Ayiuy rpabaHHHa Baaa craBHTH hojih- 
TH4KO npaBHao. Qamo yHyxpaiUHBiH Bobi* Moane Hani'b 
npenpeHHTi^ ^i^a Hey3aonoTpe6LHiiio caoCo^vX ** A* ^® 
HeynponacTHMO ohhmi»^ ulto 6bi Tpe6aao ^a Haci> 
cnace. 

OBorii yHyTpauiHkrii Boba /^aaa 6 Bepa QpBHM-b 
HaceahHHi^HMa. ^oi^Hie, Ka;^i> ce npocBeTapasiuHpH- 
aa, Ka^'b cy BeuiTHue yBeaHKO yiuae y aKHBOTi» na- 
po^a, H KB^ii e T^pyuiTBO caMO nocTaao BHOie cpe- 
TOBHO (laTque) : OH^a ce BacnnTaBanL o^Bonao o^* 
Bepe, aan ne ^a Ioh ce craBH y cynpox-b; Hero Ha- 
npoTHBi) ^^a 6 no/^noMame HOBuma cpe^CTBHMa. H 
TdKO e OBHiifb ;^BOMa : Bepn h BacnHxaBaHio npe- 
;^aTO HyBapcTBO na^ii caofio^OMii y AMepHL\H. Hh- 
KO Tamo HecyiMHH o tomti : Cea-b sepe h 6e3T> bbchh- 
xaBBHA HeHMa MoryhHOCTH 3a caofifo^y ; to e npsa 
aucioMa noanTHKe. Sna ce itoaHKo cmo ^aaH maxa 
OBBMii ^BeMa cuaaMB mu y uaiuHMi* noKyiuaHMa npa- 
BHTeabCTsa. 

Kbrbo Roao nrpa Bepa y Ca6^HH]>HHMi> ^paKasa- 
ma, KBKBo MecTO 3ay3HMa pna y ^pymTsy h nanawb 



305 



yTfuiaif HMa OHd. Ha npasH h aaicoHe, noKaaao Ham-b 6 
r. ToKBfiaB, H me HHiuta npeTepao. Ca^a 6ece^e r. 
Esepexa h CraTHcriiKa ^P^* BHMepa Kasyio HaM7> 
lUTa e BaciiHTaBaHb y AinepHt^ii, h ro^hko h penb h 
CTsapb HMa paa^HSHoauaneHk o^ib onora y EsponH. 
KOf^'b Hacb, y Eeponii, Bac^nHTaBanii 6 HanHH'b , /^a 
ce AMy A^i^^i^y aHauB, koh he my Suth noTpeCua, 
^a uerca/^a Morne 6faiTH Beuir-b ua^HHsapTi , ocBeuiheHTi 
aeMtibo^ejiai^ii ; a tbmo, y AMepni^H , to e yCiAOsie 
»€HBOTa H cutpTH 3a npasHTe^bCTBO H aa ^pyiuTBo. 
nociyuiaiflMO r. Esepera ; nhroee peHH Cufie^a^eKO 
npeTemBie nero mO€ : 

^HecMehnuo cb yMa, se^H out*, ;\a onacHOCTH^ KouMa 
604a HSJioaceHa, He^OMae cse oai* caMOsoaiJiie BJia- 
CTH. Pa3SopHTOCT& H naneTi*, ko« cy Hysic^He iiapo- 
^ ^a 6bi Morao CTehH cJo6o/^y , ioui-h cy wy Hyii«;!^"^ 
Hio 4a o^KJiOHM nepe^-b, aHapxiio. y OBOMe u ecr-b 
roaema npo6a aa iiapo^ib kow aaejiyncys cAa6oj\y. 

no^li HeKHM'b OT^HHCkHM1> AecnOTH3MO»l'f> , P^A'*' ^^ 

ojS^pmaBa y ^pa&aBH h HWHOr'b h HMaiib datMOHKun 
cy CHaBCHOM'b MHiuMHOM'b. H^eKiu ^eo CAo6oi\e^ -paay- 
MeMit 6MCTBQ npoTHB-b CBaue npoTHBysaKorie cnae, 

nO/^filUHeHb 6 npHCyCTBOMT) OHB BO&HHHKe B^aCTH) Koa 

fl cBMB BeaiiKO ppybe no^HHHBBaHB. A^H y 0^10604- 
Hame npaBBxeabCTBy, eyvHiia csecxb Hapo/\iia Hyaap-b 
« Hapo/^Hora cnoKOMCTBa h MHpa. Pe^ii sajia ^a ce 

06/lpm.H , BflH Ue BOilllHSKOAfb nOAHIi^lOMTi , HerO ca« 

cBifMn BoabBHnfb npHCraHHOMb Hapo^a ocBemJiefiora 
tt TBp^o HayMuora jie^onycrHTH ^a My BHapxiii cpyiuH 
npaaa^ hob e oii-b H3B06Bao o^tt ^eciiOTHaMa. H. isao 
ro^'b lUTo 6 6o,iecTb y HemuoM'b y caaKasKOjirb Tejiy 
^aaeiio onaciiifl» mcto 6u tbho 6bi.io ^h cru iiaMB ano 
6bi MKa^a AonycTu.iH ^a ce norpe Haieao Hauiera 
npaBHTevibCTBa : y raKOMii cay^iaio hmb^h 6bi cmo ^e 
Ha^aTH oaycTouieHbHMa , cBHpencTBHMa h paapyuie- 
HbHMB HeBH^eHHMa /^OT^e. Obo 6 cTBapb q/^i> HeM3- 



306 



mepne BaHSHocTH aa Cae^nHKiie ^pmaBe. Ox^ no- 
crauH CBera 40 ca/^a Henpa napo^a, koh $m 6uo npu* 
Mio To^iHKo (SaarocjiaBa h noBi«acTHi^a ; Hewia napo^a, 
KOH 6bt rano 6610 yHHnKH'b MyBapoMi> cboh npasa; 
aKo 6hi ocTaBfi.tH /^a iiponaAne OBaJi Bf;.«ifK>tioNyiiiaH 
cjioCo^e, yreweatbHe na paaymy, a OH^a HesHaiirb hh 
r^e HH Ra^a Momere ra no Tonrb Hahn Ha sewABH.'^ 
BacnHTaBaH'K y Hosoii EHrjiecKoii (obo e aeM.tn^ 
na Kom ce yrje^aio CBe APy**^) pasjiHKye ce napo- 
MHTO oflt> Raiiiera y npBOMii crenewy. ^a HoroHO- 
pHMi» o majiHurb uiKo.iaMa, Koe »ene ^pme , iuto ^o- 
iiyuiTa saiioseTH mvioro panie odysaBaHfe /^ei^e, oCeo- 
6eHyiohH HnaRT> BRiue nere h erapaBH jo ^equ, iuko- 
ae BBHe H 6e3n.iaTHe (common schools), Koe o^ro- 
Bapaio HamitM'b ochobhhmii mno^iana , raico ey ype- 
beite H ycaspiuene /^a ce hhko HeyaTeme c^arH cbo« 
^ere y hbh. TaRunrb naMHROMii aanoHnH-h ce npBHRrb 
^aHOMB OHafi caioats wetjy rpabaHHnra, koh BBani* x€h-> 
BOTb if cpeha /(pmaBe aaxreBaio. Ty no,»HTHM«y npe* 
nopyKy Mawa cy ocTaBu^H CTapH, a;iH cmo e mu ema- 
TpajiH Rao xHMepy , a AnepHRaHiiH « npeTBopHiue y 
HCTHHy. ^a (Jw BBHO BacnHTananh yHHHHJiH raRoca- 
BpmeHo HHcy HHUira nOHcaaH^H, hhth hjhi* e h luxa 
6bijio cKyno. IIo peHMa flORTopa BnMepa Cyyerii 
BBHora BacoHTaBaiffl y Macauiycery H3»ocio e 1850. 
no e/^anir ^ojiap-b *) o/^b r.iaBe cBaRora mHteAB ; a 
CB Apyre crpaHe HaHO^^tHMHiH ^pxcapHHi^H yAiviepiu^H 
no^nyHO ce o^aio OBome naTpioTCKome pa/\y. y Bo- 
CTowy r. XopaL^ie Maifb^ocTaBaff, Rpo3t> /^eoerb ro- 
/^una, nojiHTH«iRiii xcHBOTh na ce o/\ae hb ynpaBJiBHt^ 
lUKo^a J y KoHeRTHRyry , y Po^eHCJiaH/^y oae-rik. r, 
Xeiipa Bapiiap^ii ycaBpuiaBa npe/^aBanh, ko« ee aeh-b 
ttOHfie Hcnope^HTH ca npe^aBaHKiM'b y repManiH. Oea 



1) fl,<tAap'h e TO HCTO IUTO H HaiU'b TaJlNpi a TOJIRRO 
HBpeAH. 



34» 

/^Ba npiATejifl napo^a - h caoCoA^ nyryto no Eeponu 
Aa Tpaaxe h BH^e Co^l? MOTO/ie, no^HSKy ocnoBHe 
iiiRo^e, CBO^e y uaMejio eeiuTHHy HyBaHH a^paBJia, 
yma, h xapaKTepa hobu noacoBa, h CBeTO HHHe ohh 
cb y^BBAttBAtohofU'b peBiioiiiliy^ h sojubOM'b. Bjiaror 
^apehH Hi>ioBHMT> Tpy^HMa HoBa-EHr^ecRa moiKe cjiy- 
aKHTH aa ytjie^'b EsponH y 06011% cr^neny npsora, 
ocHOBHora BacnnTaBaHH. 

3apii Hie TO maoro : HMaTH o^^H^He lURoae, y 
Koe caB'b .Hapo^'b H^e 6e3i> uarona ; Mid Cu 6uaH 
o/^Beh'b rpeliHH, na/^'b 6a cbb CHpoTHHBCKa ^eqa 40- 
cnesajta 6ap% fl^o OBor-b opBori* creneua oCyHaaaHa. 
y AnfepHi^H Tepaio MJioro /^a^K ; xaMo BacnaTaBaHiv 
Tpae yaeKit h aa pa^HHKa Biiiiie Hero aa ^OROHiiKa. 
Kat^ii ce pa^Hun-h npecTane ysHTH, Ra^ii My natieTb 
HM yHenhM-b aafiaBJihua, OH^a ce niiroBep^aBecKao- 
HOCTH nOBBJi^oM) ; TO « ea^a rpaVaaHHi*, koh mosko 
^ nocTaiie onacauii ; ho Apyui'i'BO neKe ^a ra octb- 
BH ifeH fy^Hora TpeayTKa. Hafiinpe ra AP^^e ue^ejibue 
lUKOdie ^o ^BSi^eceT-b npae ro^Hne, Y thhi* uiROjia- 
nia, no r. EaepeTy, xuAn^y neTii ctotrhb y^iKTeja 
/lofipoBOJiBHO o6yHaBaio jMHJiioH'b H neri) ctothub xh- 
AB^a yneHHRa, h oCyMasaio iM/^yncHocTHMa, Koe MMaio 
Rao xpifCTi»HH H Rao rpabauH. Oir^e ce noHHuh ne- 
Ra nponaraH^a , ro<i aHaMaif Mbi hhcmo HHRd^a caa- 
Tfljiii. MH^ioHHina paacHnaio ce iiajie RHBHXCHi^e o^t^ 
cBBiie BpcTe, Roe ^i^aio apaRe BH^eaa h y HauMaHK 
Roae^i4.e h TaRO napo^ti noynasapo h yxapbyvo y 
^oSpoine Mopaay. Koa'b uacb a aeoma Mecxo lUTaMna 
6ujia noaKapit, na aaTo mu h HesHauo ro^hro roae- 

MO A06pO HHdM OBOH RpCTOBOIURlM pBTli, ROB O/^li CBy- 

^a H3roHH HeaHaHlvH ^BBJiiiHuocTb, ^ hor-b Me, ^a 
y Ca«/^itH'hHHM'b ^psRBBaMa* Rao h y EurAecRoii , hmb 
Apyra luxaMna, noaHTHSRa , atecTORa h cTpacTua, m 
Hlkua, OHO y BHRa H ^onupe hbr'b ^o nacb;^ a^i^ no- 
pe/^ti TiH HOBHira HanyakHbiB ^oCpoMii h 340mx>9 Hjiia 

20^ 



308 

HCKa npeTera (conlre-poids) , Koa nnna^'h ^o Hac% 
ne^^^oHHpe ; a ra np«rera e osa ^oSpoTsopHa, no- 
6oHCfia H ripe^ana mraaiiia, KOfi roBopn liapo^y njie^ 
MeniiToiirb Gece^omii , koh ocBeT^inBa H'feroB% paaynrb, 
k6h yTHiiiaBB pHaee My ciuohocth h Kort reuieKH ys- 
BHuiaBa ra. 

Kaxo ce HHuira HeMOHce ycnope^MXH ch skhbomii 
6ece^owi> aio/^CKom'b , oco6«to Ka^ii ce CorarH h 
cpe^HH Mo^n 6pHRy h aayanMaio sa one, KOHMa 
ce me cpeha ociwexfiy^ia : tamo ce yMJiomasaio 
y^pyasHBaHB, cacTaHu^ii, «iHTaHfl HBiiai csy^a ce rpa- 
H€H H cTBapa npHjiHKa fl,a ce Hapo^i* ocBerjiH ; Hali- 
0/i(.iH4nin yMOBii, ;iio^h, koh ynsHBaio HaJtCojiBiii rjiaci* 
y flBiioMe mhKhIio, cmaTpaio aa ^ymuocTi* h sa sacTb 
roBopHTH Hapo^y o HcropiH, o •mrepaTypif , o no.AH- 

THHKOJi eKOIIOMiH, a HapOMHTO O BeaHHHHK K ^OCTO- 

BHCTBy iihroBe npHpo^e. Tawo iiito nao/^H ce y Eh- 
raecRoffi ; ^a HenoMHHJHMO BHiiie Hero caino e^aui* 
npHitiep'b: naeMeHHTbift .top^-b, rpo^ii Kap.iHCJii>, npa- 
se/^HO 6 HSHuiao Ha rjiacb ca cbohxii 5ece/^a u cBoca 
sHxaHfl na^HHsapHMa y loKuinpy ^). HeMa nHraua, 
itpeAT* kohmtj 6tA raiuo xxejiH yama^iH ; xawo ce hbho 
nperpecaH) cxBapir, y icoe Mbi necMeMO ^a raiCHeMo: 
Ha npH«i:HKy, npHpo/^a npasa coScTBenocTH, h^h npa- 
Ba KanHtajia h pa^a. Tamo ce He6oe o^f* coi;ia«iH3- 
Kta, Hero o^^it HeanaHa, Roe 3a/\a6 CBaicy onacnocTc 
O/^-b coj^iajiHSMa. Tamo noHHMaio Bpao V\oSpo uoauKa 
e Mohb onm hBHu HHTaHH na saro ce HHMaao Herpe- 
tfa Hy^HTH riiTO « n.ieMeHHTbitf rpabaHHHi» y Bocto- 
Hy, I^oH-b AoBe^-b, ocraaio mh jiioH-b h /^Becra xH^H/^a 
4>paHaKa Bapoum y koioh ce po^io, na yHjiomeHH 
OBora cpe/^CTBa oSynaBaim. Eto tbko ce y ^emo- 
KpaTfH yTeMeviM)K) m oS^pmaBaio recne CBeae mehy 



i) Lectures und Adresses in aid of popular education, 
by the ri^lit honorable the carl of Carlisle. London, tast. 






309 



pa3.iHHifTHMi> pa3pe;;^HMa /ipyiUTsa ; h^h ^i^a KasKeMii 
jienuie, raKo ce 6pHUiy cee padJiHKe ne^y HbHua h 
e^HaKOCTb ce CBy^^a paaiAHsa. Ka^i* oe «iOBeKi> pas* 
MMc^H o TOMe o/^ma onasxa ;^a 6 HapoMHro sacnHTa- 
H'K TO, uiTO iifo^e o^.iHRy6. ^'aHaci> e HeBHank e^H- 
Ha npenara, kor ^ean ^pyuiTso na ABa craHa. To « 
ioiui> noc.ie/|Hfl noB-iacriii^a (privilege) Koa ocTa€ 
^a ce cpytUH; reK'b caMO , nao uito e Bp^o ^otfpo 
noHMHaa AMepHKa, osa meji^Ha r/^uaROCTB Mome ce 
nocTHKH He noHHrnaBauKMib SoraTora Hero no^naa* 
nhMii yiMHora h MopajiHora eranii cnpoMaxa. 

Meby aio^Ma, noif cy naiiCoJi'h ocehaaH KoauKO 
e BeJiMKO H Bamno ^eao ocaeTaHBaTH oaano napo/^ii, 
H HOH cy cb HafiBehoM'b npe^aHoniliy HaspiaHBaaH 
OBO cBero nocaancTBO, HeMa, a ^pmnMit, hh e^HOra, 
KOH ce pe«iHTOui!iy h Adponrb MOJKe ncnopeAHTK ca 
r. E^yap^oiTb EBepeTOMii ; a ohii iotui* Mome eay- 
9KHTH aa ^oRaaii rbro ce cBOHM'b paAom-b y OBOH/^e- 
MORpaTiH, Roio RpHBe ^a « neff^aro^apHa, Mome cre- 
hH H casyaaTH aaROHHra nooyaapnocTB. 

r. E^yapA''' EsepeT'b, pobenit y Macamycery 
1791, cjUHB a n^Horb nouiTOBanora CBeiuTenHRa. Ohi* 
e paMo OCTBO cnpose h Cesb HiwaHfl: yiio ce y 6^- 

HOii OA'b HBHU UIKOiia, ROHMd 6 OHl* yBeR'b ({hO HO- 

Hocb. yHHTe^B H pyROBobi* 0UO My 6 r. 3K. C. ByR- 
MHHCTepi*, Rora HMe me syaeNo y EsponH, a.iH roh 
6 ocraaio npeRpacaHB cnoMenii y BocTony. Y ^e- 
neTHaecTOH fo^hhh nocrao a CBeiuTeHHR'b yuHTap- 
cRe u^pRBe a y ABaAecerrpelioii npo^tecopi rpMHe jim- 
Teparype na caeyHMJiHuiTy HeM6pni|CROM'b. Oa^e ohi* 
oceTH iiOTpe6y ^a OTH^e h nayiH crapHHy hb wecxy, 
H Aa noTpasKH y Hsr^eAV mecxa h paaaaJtHua, y aen- 
Hoii CBeT.iocTH FpMRe, one aeRi^ie a noyae » Roe ce 
Henao^e hh y RaHBoil rhbhsh. MerMpH ro^HHee ny- 
TOaao no EsponH, h tbro e crenao oho Hcayc^TBo, 
Roe ce Ao€ia Ra^b HOBeKi oikmb bh^h CTsapu h jih)- 



310 

Ae y cBHMa seuAana. Kao ^npevropy ^NortheAme- 
rieanRevie w,** Kao o^jifiMHOMe tfece^nilKy , irk- 
My Cevae HameHtHO na-b panie niecTO y KOBrpeey; uy- 
^a ra AOHcra h nociauie hKfoiih cyrpal^aHH I8S5. y 
KOwrpecy 6 ocrao flecerii ro^Hna Kao ^jiaais a npe^- 
ce^HHKij o^Copa aa cii<Mi>Hb noCiioBe , npeM;g;a ra e 
nbroBa cKpoMHOCTB MecTo ocTasaa^ia y MaHBHHH. Oa* 
1836 — 18S7. 6mo 6 y Tpn maxa e/^HO 3a ^pyraurb as* 
({apaa'b aa ryaepnepa y Macamyce'Ty ; noc^aHH rrb y 
EarjecKofi, aaaSpan'b € Haiinoejie npe^ce^HHRourb 4>aji- 
MopeMT> ^a aameHH F. BeScrepa aao ^pmasHbift ce- 
Bpexap-b. Kao mro ce bh^h, F. Esepetii « MOBeKT> 
noH ce CBOHM'b jiHHHHRfb sacayrania iouiii h3i> pana 
yaBHcio y npaufi pe^'b h Tamo ce yBeK% o^pHcao. 
OiTb e, y HCTO Bpeiie, mobckti ocoChto o6pabeHi>, 
Kao nacaoi^Ti Hano6HT> e crapHHOMi); roh) 6 TaRo /^o- 
Cpo HOHMio H ycBoio ^a cy ra crora napoMHTO aa- 
3Ba.iH R^acHKOMii (classical Everett). 

3aHHM.«BHBO e npaTHTH aBaHi) skhbotb OBaKora 

HOBeKa, H TO 6 ;iaKO yMHHMTH y ^Be BBJIHUe KHBHre, 

RaKse Mju HMaMO npe^-b coSohtb. Ty Hena hh KHBHrne- 
BHM ^ejia, HHTH noJiaTHHRH tfece^a, BetiB cauo oho, 
uiTo 6 o/^B TpH^ecerb ro^Haa F. EaeperB rosopio 
csaKOMB npa^HROMB, Ra^t* « HMao nocva ca caoHiirB 
carpabauHnia. HapaaHo ^a cy craapH y thmb roBopn- 
MH fBSAnHHve a^H 6 MHcao yBeRB e^HB HCra ; cae ce 
CBO^Hy a^Hy roHHy: yniiio, Mopaaao a iiaxpiorcRO aac- 
nHTaBanl^ napo^a. 6/^HHHa e y Gece^a aao h y mavo^ 
Ty ayRTopa. 

Ilocjie KaHHHra, a HenoaaaeniB HHKora, ror 6vi 
BMao npaain a yaBHiueaiH noaMB o BacnHTaBanro, « 
ROM 6i»i ce 6oAh o Towe Hapaaio, aero F. Eaepen^. 
Hfcroae Cece^e o eaatcHocru eacnuraeaun y peny€AU%i^Hf 
o KopucrUy KOfO ffuen^ ujta an HodHuuapef o 0€noenujn% 
mKOAajHa^ ecy yaopa nameTa a aaaaa. Heaa ce o Tome 
cyflii no HferOBOfi 6ecedu o eaofCHoctu annnM. 



Sll 



y uiyiiH pacTOBB, oRHheue xnafl^aiia HSHpoaa. 04i» 
CBiio TtH MBJiu BiHpHlia HBMa HH e^Hora, KOH He6H Hocio 
y ce0H saMexaK-b qo o^nora caBpuienora rpua, Taxo 
rop^ora h Tauo BeaMHaHCTaeHora Kao mro a h ukroBO 
OTHHHCKO ctbCjio; cBaiUH o^i) HbH saMeTaK^b 6 pacra, 
ifiOH iie nycTHTH cBoa rpaHe y BMCHuy h o/^ynHpaTU ce 
^ypaiua 0,^% rpH ctothh<$ auiia. 3a obo HCTpeCa NHiuTa 
APyro AO o^aHXi rpyMeHi» aeM.ili koh Cu noRpuaa mnpi^f 
Ka^it Ha aeM^io naAue, iiia.10 B«iare noh he ra pauHTH, 
H HeiuTO aaxaoHa /lonae oinb Heyeartt mH^e. CaMo My 
rpeCa to, hah My to Tpe6a iieoCxo^HO, cp'b) H^y/^e 

JIH Te, HCTHHa He^HBTHe, nOMOhH HH e^SiH'b O/^l* OBbl 

H^5poi[Hu mnpoBB aemoaKe nocTaTu aP^o. 

nlloFae^jiTe ca^a rpa^OBe, BapoiuH, naaaHKe h 
cejia y Haiuoti ^paroH OTantfuHM, noMHCJtMTe kg caHH* 
uBsa Tail napo/^'b cKyoabHii y HeHQ^HKo mecra, m koh 
pacre tbko 6pao cay^a. HapoA hhc roMHaa bcubh mb- 
uf Hua Hero e to CKyn paayMHH cTBopenn. Me^y obmm'b 
XHaBv!|aMa .uo^iH koh nane uaiuy peny5«iHKy, Hema hk 
ff^He naMeTH, kob He5u ffu^ia Ka^pa Hanpe^OBBTM y 
ofiHYHHM'b 3Ha»HMa, H HUKO fleMOB&e RaaBTH H4H orpa- 
H^MHTH ffpoii OHu, KOM cy o(F^peHH TauBiiMT> cno€o6- 
hocthmb, ^a 6u Rior.«H ynuHHTH HauBaatiiie HauaaacKe 
Cbh obh aiO^H HMBH) DO npHpo;vH OHe HCTe cuocofi- 
HOCTH KBKBe Cy HUaaH KaxaBl*, HB npH^HKy, HeBTOH-b 
KaRBB'b 4>paHRai|tt'i», KaKaBB ^^yaTOU-b. j\9i iB OHH 

BiiaH) y OHoaHKOH M epH, a HeBejiRMi*, bah ko cme pahH 

4a HX% OHH HeMBK) HH y KOaHROH MepH ? IIB, /^B 6bi 

ce npo6y^HAa CBBiia o4i> oBhi caocofiHOCTui, ^a 6u ioii 
ce Aaao caaHaHb cboa Hy^ecHe Moha, u pfi. fiu ce ouh 
o^HRaH CAymuru ve tom-b CBoioMi> cuaroMi), spao e 
maaa cTBapB uoTpefiHa. Aan obb e Maaa ^xBapb neoCf- 
xo^hb. KoaHRO 6 oRo cBBpiueHie opyhe 041* Teae- 
cKooa ! Borii naM'b e ^ao oih aav ca^i* Tpe6a ^a Ham* 
BeMiTHHB /\a TeaecKon'b, ep-b ^yr4e ny/^eca He(!a 



sie 

ocTSkAaHbi HaMii ^^oseica Henosnara . IIIto aefcH ^eo 
•tio^^CKe nameTH yrnHe np« Hero uito ee paaaie, to e 
KpHBtfi^a c.ia6« homoHh, koio 6u cpe^icraa jiio/^cKa 
aano Morjia ynHUHTH OBofi Hy;^ecifOJi cnoootfaocrir y- 
caBpuiasaHfi, ypoHeHoli soaeKy. Ka^ii mapi* na^Me Ha 
HetiOBCibHy aeni.iK), na ry npona^He, mh snaMO csy 
Be^HHHHy ry0HTRa Hlvroaora. To e ry6iiTaKi> OHo.m- 
Kora rpma, cb KO.iHRora 6 aKHpt» nao. A^h Har^i* yiiii> 
icaKBorti paayMHorb cTBopena yrHHe aSorB Heo({- 

^Vh^aHfl, H TBKO He O^rOBOpH BeaHKHMYi I^eiAHHia, pa^Yi 

KOHxi 6 caa^aH-brTO « ou^a ry({HTaK'b roh hkro HeMokfie 
npopaiyHHTH, to 6 rytfRTaRb y speMeHy h y Be*iHo- 

CTH** 

Ys'h ome caaere, OBano .veno HCRaaaHe, Tpe0a 
yaera hcho oGy4aBaH-K, «o€ 6 y offuMaio y cjioSo^*- 
uHH'b aeMaama, h y ROMe te o^^AHuye t. EBepen*, Oa/^e 
paaymeBaM'b oHe naTpHorcaeCece^e, Roe caaae ro^H- 
jiiHbHqe RaRBora auaTiiora A^^fA^aa hah npHaaRosi% 
CMpTH RaRBora OA.tH«fHorb «¥OBeRa, ofiyHraaaio Rapo^'c* 
;\a Boan h noHarye OHe, roh cy nociyatHaa ^pmaBy 
cBOBMip caBeTHjna. h«hi 'catfabOMi», a yaHBaio my oHy 
naTpHOTcay pesHOCT-b, OHy /^oSpo^eTe^ib , roio Moh- 
TecRie, CTaB^fl aa Haneao peny6«iHRa. Cae^aHlvHe 
^pmaae cpehae cy iuto hmbio npoiuaocrrb 6e3- 
npeRopny ; y HbHMB hh« 6f>i.to hh paToaa aa sepy, 
HH rpa^ancRH paToaa, hh v^ecnoTnaiia huth pesoay- 
i\\n. KpacaHb 6 to npHMep'b, aaa aaao ce raino o5/^p- 
acaaaro oae caaaue ycnoMeae, ro*ihro ce 6pHre no.«ame 
^a ce HenaryfiH HHuiTa o^-b OBora aejiHRora HacJie/^- 
cTsa^ RBRO ce Tdmo npoiu.tocrb ya»Ma aao nayaa aa 
5y/^yhHocTb! I^eaa Hcropia Hose - EnraecRe y 6ece- 
^aiia 6 r. EaepeTa. Ty cy ohh noRjiOHHi^n, roh sapTBo- 
Bduie cae aa Bepy cboio, h roh BO.ieuie ocTaaHTH 
CBoio nocTo)i0HHy Hero ce o^pekn cjioCo^e casecTH. 
Ty cy jiio^H o^tj ro^Hne 1776., roh pacapcTHiue cb 
EnraecROMby e^Home nHraHio o npaay, a roh craBHuie 



313 

npe na KOi^Hy cffoe 0*iarocTaH'h na h canti hchbottt, 
iiero ;^a naare e^aini jiani* ^aHaRi*, ajiH ^^aHaKi* npo- 
THBv aaKOHa. TyeBapenii, npsuft BoiiHHirb h npebifi 
myMeHHK-b sa HeaaBHcnocTB; xy 6 n.ieiueHirTbift h lOHa- 
MKiii XaHKOKi>. Ty e CaiiryH.io A^^amch, nocie^^Hbiii 
o^ti IlypHTaHa. ') Ty cy ^sa crapi^a, koh, oSpemeHfiHa 
ro^vinnjdik H O/^jiHKOBaHKmii, yMiipy no cpe^^i* 6.iaro- 
c^OBa AMepHice y canibiii ;^aii-b n«T;^eceToro4HiniiBiine 
6/^i» oC^BBe HeaaBifCHocTii : to cy : IJe^epcoHi* koh e 
cacraBio auaKieHHTii aKTii ') h IJoH-b A^aMCb, koh ra « 
iio^psKBo. Ty 6 BaiiJHHrTOHT> , HaffrMenieiiHTifl Ay^"^ 
KBKBy CBeris naniTH, narpioTB, koh 6 Spanio c;io6o;^y 
CB06 oraMCHHe o^'h HenpiflTe.in H3Hytpa OHaKO hcto 
Rao H o^'^'b HenpiHTe.tH cno.m; ^pMcaBHHK-b, koh 6 yaeKb 
HMao (^A^y Bcry sKe^H): npBB^y ; Haiino€jie soHeKii, 
Kora 6 My;iipocT£> H cTBOpH.fa CaioaYi, h koh Hai ^y- 
6jf»HHe CBora rpo5a aaKJiaHB ra ioui-b cnoiueHOMit h 
upHMepoMi CBOH /^oSpo^eTeaBiii. 

Cae oae lOHaKe oTanGHHe^ r. EBepeTB aarKp- 
uiaaa h craB.tH \ti sa yrae/^i* Hapo^y, roh ra cAyma 
ch ocoShthmt* yaCyHf^HfewTi. Ho MebyTHnfb r. EaeperB 
caMO 6 (h to ce Moace hb ctaay Cae/^HHhHu^pacaBa 
pehH) npButi meby roMiMonfb tfece^HHKa. koh ciK^yio 
sa NBiiMii' OBHifb narpHOTCKHM'b nyTeM-b. Hcmb nfi^-b 
HetfoMi* aeMJili, y koioh 6bi ce seiuhe roaopHjio 
uapo^y, H.iH r^e 6bi ce SpHmabHBie neroBajia oaa 
34paBa arflTai^in, kob ya^pBcaBa ^pyiUTso o^'b Kaapa, 
oaali CBeiuTeHfaiH n.iaMeHi> koh h hhc HHUiTa APy**^^ 
Hero cBMbiti 3KHBOTB Hapo^B. IlpeAiiieTb e yaeK-b e^aniA 
HCTbiH : AoCpo^eTe.iB, oranCHHa, BacnHTaBBH'^ h c*io- 
Co^a ; ho HapOAi) ce hhkba'b HeymopH caymaH'KM'B, 

epis CBaKHMI) A^^IO!^!*^ OHl) FB CBe 6oAh nOHHMB H 



') BepoiieiioeeAHa eexTa, kob ce oABOHJia o^'b Ahf^h- 

KiiHCKe i;pRBe 1566 ro^- 
') „06HBa HeaaBHciiocTH^ 0^1* %• lO.iia 1716. 



314 

yittMBa cb npaBe^HOMi ropAOuihj OBacKynoqena tf^ara. 
na;V^ y OHH liiTo BaJi6o, naAJ> ce xpy^ifluie ^a paafiy^H 
naTpioTHsaAi-b HTajiiaHCKiK a as^ cn{>eMii paaCybeHls 
cioCTo^e, roBopauie HxaAiH oaauo ucto, nao r. Ene- 
pex-b AmepHi^ii: ^B.y^HMo ^^oCpo^eTe^tBHH ocBer-fttHH 
roBopaiue ohii, na hamo o^Ma 6hth cjioSoahh*^! H 
Hiuao 6 npaBo ; cjioGo^a ce pa^a h oG^pacaBa e^vtuM'b 
HCTHM'b yapoxfHMa; Ba^fio e Hauiao TaiiHy jioah- 
THHKe HeaaBHCHOCTH, aAHA^6bi Morao yHHHHTu HTa- 
jiiio cnocoGiiy, /^a ya^Hsa oey HeaaBHCHOCT^, xpe^ajia 
My 6 uiTauna, koa 6vi penu Hbrose Ha ^ajieKO paa- 
HOCHjia, u Hapo^-b, BacnHTaubMi^ cnpeMaHi*, ^a npu- 
MH OBa n.io4Ha ceMeHa. Baaro OHHina, koh H&HBe y 
raKBO Bpeme h y xaKBOii ^eitfJibH , r^e mifcao HHr^e 
Hie cnpe*ieHa, r^e uapo/^-b TpaasH h naaasH BH/iejio, u 
r^e e, HaHnoq^e, e^na Hcxa CTBapb: .iio5uth cao- 
Co^y H aio^HTH OTanCHHy. 

9. Okt. 1863. 



M. X* !BIC0jutLeBHki» 

|>«/|OBilH nA»H Ap^lUTBa Cp6cKe C.IOBeCHOCTH. 



BAinic xp>HoroFCKor bjiaahbe 

I. 



nuHeui; n BKaAHKa JI^annao a^ ce ^ns kako T«f Re ri(A- 
rNACMO ns^Meliv naci, fA*f«3^* rojM*V3- npRO ka^a mc oakv- 
nHUie Hs^i noAropniie ; CKsnHCMO ce n6koahko tkaba^axi 

qpNOrOpCKHCXl V MATAS^HNI^ NA CTANTeBHfce, H TS MR AAA0IH6 
RTepV AA <>6 TVpRe H^MCfcV Cene HI^ATHATR, HAAfcCHMi; V^A- 
pRTH HA STeAe IIORAAAe, A AOrOBOpi YRNIACMO NA NHNOAAANl 

npe^i BOSRRfcb; aah i|pNoropi|H iipcBApHnie, na tbpk6 Re v- 
ApHHe; RAAA n to BRfcexi^ , T oneTA ce crvrhcmo ra aob- 

fcCNl, K RSHfNRI|R UANACTNpCKB ORO fcvptieRA ANC ; H TV CG 

AoroBopHMO, AA NMb »A|^HM0 V rdcnofcRRC nocTc; ro rocno- 

liHHe nOCTR AOliOH6 H HpoliOHe A T«pi|H 0CTAA0H6 %ApSifiO; 
H TOHTl C6 HOY6B6 MNOS^RRM TRpVHf H CpC HjCl MRfcAUIC RAHA 

m^ik HOAropRifc ; raaa n BHiiexi, a^ ifpRorepifH RecMCN) TVp- 

IfftMA VAORiHTb lA T0 OCTABHMl CTOKITH A^ RefcCAt CBCTHCtl^ 
OTAI|A;(b , A V HCTR RCtiCAW VVCM^ y tie rOBOpN RAp^A^^ A^ 
Ofce TRpqH CRARAApHNCRH ROGAATR RCROARRO AWAHXI^, A^ Me 

s^ATe :(A TO oiTo CAUb bvnTo i|pRoropi|e AA CBOe TRpRe HO- 
bTw, raro a TO vseub , noniAtui; s^a bvra bopraobhIia, h 

YCTRpH BpATA MApTHROBHliA , R CBC HbRMA RAXeMli RARO 

H HTO e, R peveui nu\ aro nefce Tvpne hokhth ror cv 
MeliR RHUA, AA ^vce M MAtib Rs^b qpNCfope ; ORR OAroBope AA 

neCMRN) VAORSHTH ; ORAA M VI^UeMb HON) CABAN) R A^Ml C BO- 
pHA0RRli9,A OHRCUA veTBOpRqH, CAHOMC tiRpAR%, ApvrOMC ARNC 

RVHiReneqRecpeBpNe; Tpefceuv uieHHiANH9(HonnHRORR)Be:;eRV 

CpeSpOMl, A TeTRfTOMe A^Cetb AVRATAX%> AAH ORR no CBOMV 



316 



TOMC U6N6 I^CKMIC, J^^ Mie NHMOHTO HTO HUl HI HcliHAa- 
TN Mee illOAN AA HdYHV, € C< EOMjCH H ONN J^Ui tf^^H% APS- 

rofA Ne Ni^AAN) , ONAA H AOs^OBeuk iVYNA Ntrvoia cTamiMV 

K€.l€CT0KI|a II MflpKA AVHIfAMIIHIIB , II peVCM^ NIIMa A' ^MH 
nofcV CI NIIMil H AS ONII HIIIN ROVNS SNTII T8|IKC ; H TAKO 

neliOH« HA fioxnii^ nfebe s^ofc. h eocvuc TVfiic, ifCTimcue 

M lieNANI|K€; KON N€Kli6n6 AOil AA C6 ROKflCTN HOAI^ H6N6 H 
TV Ce lion MOliAKi; CTANHMA K<1I€€T0KAI|!L f Ann , aah ^aha 

Eord|ioANi|ii, ne en mv niihta, Here rn ONa cavvba, a Btoie 

rA SBHAA nVOIKA nO Cptf^'k H^CHXI^, H HOMk HOCtKA 110 OENe 
* pW€. H EVAN CAAKA KA BON^ EOFK NON NAC% YSBA OA^ HACK 
BtfC AMNN%. 

Oeali aanHCb sbpHo e chhmio ca opKrHHajia 
ynHcanoris Ha KpaHHhm-b .moTy e^ue i^pKosne KHBHre, 
nao^ehe. ce y rocn. ra^auiHhr'b apxHMan^pHTa , a ca- 
^^auinhr'b B.ia/^HKe i^pHoropcKor'b H.iapioua , rocno^. 
HifKoaa Mycy.iHH-b, FoiuHpai^'b, Ta^a y*iHTe.ib Ha I^e- 
THHio , (ro^. 1861. ^. 25. Mapra) a ca^i* ynHTeai* y 
Be.iHKOM'b Tpa^HiuTy y CpSin. 

(BM* GHMHaM 1.) 



IIhcmo cptfoKH KnesoBa TasH^KHM Typis;BMSL 
OA roAHHe 1804. 



CHue H ttTi u€Ne noiSiiON N A€ao H ii€no no^ApAiTiie- 
nT€ OTi M6ai€ AiiM f «iTik ue KlicoRft T mr% utue NTNeAC 

KlIjBICA rpkBOKHiA T6B€ XxUH I^AHM AfA. HcnpAINO CMO 
llpNMNAII OTIk KapA OCUANA 600 ftVKATA , TO CCTl 5400 
rpOWA H CAOIOUl «6AHUl neT% TtHAMAA H «ieTH|in CTOTHHC 

rikOWA oTi XaRNHKorA nopei^A. Sofamh Xam? ata o tofa 

N6MA UNipA , UH CUO MNCAHAN H BAf^AAN CMO CAMOFA B6- 
liH|l nAWH ;A IRIIIC nA|l6 , (leKAN euro AOlillli£ MAU ttTl 
Xl|&IIJ)6 €€j|AM46C<T1i OCAIIACClCTIi tieCA ; A ntj^€ ftolie CAMO 
TOAHKO NOCAIfA , A MN C6 ^A^«ANCtfO I|IA SN ttTIk lACl, 
RH CT€ RNCAAH XavT S€rS ^A A^A^ O^f^e MH nf^NUAMO^ 
CKOFA HAIHAAVNA, TO 6 CB€ 6AN0 CCABOMl NMeAII, I^MfO CB€ 
MM RAAiAMe A^ l|IA NMAMO f^SiKMn , CAMO NCMOHTC €6 MA- 
AHTM , NOBIfC l|IA B^€ MOSBCTe , l^AlflO «^IA]irA N Af^VI*** nO- 
f^ei\ MN ORACBAIOliH, !(ltAlli All NA CBAKU A^NI^ "A^ ^^ A^^^Tl 
ieCA Tf^OMIAKIk 8 rpAftV, 10 AANA 100 fi6CA , A BH N€S;NAM1» 
l|IA MNtAHTC :;Apl CAMOMl BAWOH |^AH EHJIO ^(BAVMA A 00 
NAMN 1IH6 6HA0; TO € €B€ CJ^NO, CAMO nA|l^ fACAAHTC, NC- 

NrpAiiTe ce, kofahh Bute «»t% nacii cnuccta, ha ie T <»ti 

BACl rof>6. 

V Ton^ttAcpH 1804 ,.j „ . run./ »* 



(M. n.) (M. n.) 



INKO 



GCHTCMBpA 21.ro KdTHlil. 

Oho nHCMO nauiao e y oparHHajy, npH H3ce- 

jieHio Typaua hsi* ysKHi^a, y TaiiiouiHhMTi rpa^y 1862 
ro^MH^, IIpoToapeH F. lIonoBHhi>. 

(Ha iieMary ctoih oko npaa : KInko KATHi, a y 

epP/^HHH MOHOrpaMT* HCHCHO H3THCIiyT1>.) 
(Bh^H CHMMaK 2.) 



HSBEinTAJ 
o padfhu dpjfwrea cp6cKe cAosecHocru an aoduuy 1863. 

^HTao Ha rjiaBHoH cacraBRy 13. lanyapa 1863. ro;^. Cesperap 
4pyniTaa leerHMBie AspaMOBRh. 



Ilope^ noanaTHX spom^oro/iHiuibHx neMHpa, roih 
aa HenOAKKO Mecei^H noTpecoine naiuy OTanCaHy, ^py- 
iiiTBO ie Hnax noRaaajio parity ceoiy Ha^^aauiH Ha ceex 
XIV -Ty H XV -Ty csecxy caora r^ftciuiKa. 

y npao cnoMenyToi caecKH ^^pyiuTseHor oprana 
HacTaBJb^Ho ie oduapoAOBane aaaiuiHX cnoiieHHRa h3 
apxHBe Mjiera^Ke Koie ie no^npece^HHK ^Py^'^o^ ^~ 
^p. la. lUa^apHK y MaeTKaMa csyauo h aepHo npe- 
Diicao. CroTHHa OBasHx enOMeHHsa aayaeiue cnopo 
neTHaiecT nenaTfbHx rafiaua h no xpoHOJiorH«iKOM pe- 
^y npocTHpy ce ohh o^ 1430 ^o ^^^ ro^Hiie O ea- 
sKHocTfi ibHxoBoi ad HcTopiy Cp5ifior napo^a roBope- 
HO ie BHiue nyTa na ^pyroM Mecry, na sbto MHcaHM 
^a uie noxpeCno ^ajbe uito o tom roBopHTM. Ilocjie 
OBHX cnoMeHHKa ^ojiasH noBecT KoMnena IIpoRaa Mo- 
Haxa o pa3HHM ^ecnoTHMa Enupa h Tupany Tomh , /^e- 
cnory h KoMHeny, icao h o npejb.y6y, BejiHwamy I^a- 
pa CpCcKor Cre^aHa ^yiuana. 

Oay FpHKy xpoHHRy, Roia HMa sRarHy sawHOCT aa 
HCTopiy Cp6a, npenucao ife naiu noandTH h aactyaRHH 
crapHHap Cre^aH BepROBH^ , h3 opHrHHaiXiior pyRO- 
HHca, ROiH ce HyBa yiwonacTHpy caexor llaHTe^eHm- 
oHa na ocrpoBy ieaepa y iaibHHH. Ilope/^ opHrHRaiX. 
Hor rp^Ror xeRCTa nenaxair ie h npeao^ cp6cRH, Roin 



319 

ie Ha n.o3HB ^pymTsa irapa^RO r. lee. ABpanroBiifi, ibe- 
roB pe/^OBHH H^aH. 

3a OBOM KpoHHicoM neHaxaHH cy^ ^P^^bohhchh 
no^aTL^K uiKOjicKH saBe^eifaa y KiBaaKeBCTBy cpCcKom 
o^ 185% ^o 185% lUKOjicKe ro^wHe , cacraBJbeHH o^ 
pe^i^OBHor HjiaHa r. MHJiosaHa CnacHha. Y obom cacra- 
By ^aie r. Cnacnh flocra TOsaH nper.ie^ CBniy npoc- 
BCTHH\ 3aBe/^eii>a y oTaHCuHH Haiuoi vt noKasyie y tfpo- 
iesHMd iBHXOBO Hanpe^OBaii>e. 

y XV -TOM r^aciiHKyneHaTaHO ie y pe^y iia np- 
BOM Mecry ^ejio pe^OBHor M.iaHa r. MHjioBana lanKo- 
BH:^a„ By KBap sa crapo h MJia^o. TioyBepeiby T. r. H^a- 
HOBd, KoiH cy OBy RAHry nperjie^a^H, moskc ce ona 
cMarpaTH nao npoua^aaaK y nayqH h Cuhe 6^ Bei^if- 
Ke nopHCTM CpCHMa,. iep ie xaiso y ^ecHo HanHcaHa, 
^a Moane ciysKHTH 3a ochob Bapo^HOM o6pa30Baiby ii 
Re«ffHKy oaaicuiHi^y npBor h ocHOBiior HacTaBjbeaa. 

3a THM ^ojta3e cnoMeHHi^H , roih ce o/^noce iia 
cp6cKy HCTopfliy, cHynjbeiiH h npenHcaiiH y apxHBH 
MjieTa^Koi o/\ pe^osnor HjiaHa h ^ocaAamner nof^- 
npecQ^NMKa OBor v^pyuiTBa r. la. lUa^apHKa, c RoiuM 
ee 3a ca^ OBa 3HaTHa cCupRa HcropHCRe rpabe h cBp- 
ujyie; ho r. UIa<frapHR o6ehaBa na CBpinerKy pfl. he 
Hspa^HTH ioju H asCyHBH. noHaaaTejh CBHiy ^mhhhx h 
co6cTBefiH\ HMena, Koia ce y obhm aRTaMa najiaae, 
a THMe he ce h ibnxoBa y norpeCHTejiHOCr 3a mcto- 
pHCRa HC1 paBOfBaRia 3HaTHo y seharH. 

O^ r. ^HMHTpnia MaTHha RparaR nperjie^ o Tone, 
y RaKBoi cBe3H cxoie MeHy. co6om HayRe h kbro ie^Ha 
•13 APyre HCTHsy; uira hhhh HH^yeiTJiria h nHBHjm3a- 
i^Hia. 

Ii3a Tora ^ojiasM npennc ie^nor nHcma o^ 29. 
OKTOM^pa 1705 VOX' nHcanor o^ crpane cp6cRor na- 
Tptfiapxa ApceHHia HapHoieBaha To^opy AjteRciiieBH- 
fey FojiOBBHy h npenncH ^pyra ^Ba nMCuia cpCcRor ^e- 
cnora ^opHa BpaHHOBHha , nncaHH napy pycROM Fie* 



329 

rpy ee.iHUOM. le^HO a/^ obhx oHcaMa nifcao ie y Be- 
My 19. *e6pyapa 1702. ro/^. a APyro y lerpH 29. Ce- 
UTeM^pa 1715. ro^. Oseie ^OKyiHeHxe r. M . IleTpoHH- 
ieauK npHaHKOM nyTOsaiba no PyciK y Mockbh y ap- 
XHBU MHHHcrepcTBa HHOCTpaHii ^ejia npenncao h ^py- 
uiTBy npe^aoi 

SaTHKi HenoaHBTa a^^^A XpHCOBy^a I](apa Cre- 
4»aHa ^yiiiaHa , koIom osai cp6cKH B^xaAaoi^ ocHHea 
ManacTMp CB. Apxaurejia Mnxaitjia h raspH.ia y IlpH- 
apeny; a nOKpai Tora h ieAHO jiHTorpa<i>HcaHo ^aucM- 
MHjie. Oaa uaiBeha Hstmeh cBHiy A^caA noanaTHx cp6- 
cuHX xpncaByjbSi uocAymnhe uao 5oraT h Ba;KaH Hssop 

CBMMa OHHMa , KoIh Ce Cp6cKHM ieSHKOM H HCTOpHiOM 

.3aHHMaiy, nao into ie to r. lIIa«f>apHK y npHMeA^^Ma 
cboIhm jioKaaao, KoltiMa ie oaai npeBamHH cp6cKH cno' 
ivieHHK nponpaTHO. 

Ha nocieAKy ^OAStse ueispojioaH 3a yMp^e naa- 
Hose: AHApHiy CTaMeHKOBHha , Casy , ApxHinaHApHra 
MoHacTupa cb. PoMana y loBana CTe^aHOButia — PHaiinha 
H laisoBa JKHBaHOBHha. 

^Z^pyTBO uMajio ie npoiii.ie, roAHHe A^^ex peAo- 
BHHX H leAdH rjiasiiH cacxaHaK. Epoi peA.OBHHX cacxa- 
Hana maibu ie ho o6hhho, iep ie y lynHiy, lyjiaiy Aery- 
cxy H CenxemCpy iweceny "P* ^oa. 6h^o y wac aaH- 
peAHO cxaibe. 

Ha raaBHon cacTaHKy npoui^e rOAHHe H3a6pajo 
ie /^pymxBO oeAaM peAOBHHx , nexpHaiecx aohhc'hhx 
M ieAHor noHacxuor ^jaana* 

y npouu.ioi roAHHH APyiWTBO ie H3ry5ii^o CBor 
AonacHor Hjiaua AAaMa ^parocaB^eBitha, koih ce 16- 
lyHHia np. r. npecxaBHO y OnaxaBi^y, Bpahaiy)iH ce 
H3 ByKOBapa, TAe ie 6ho hb cKyniuxHHH sapMeHcKot, 
fcao nocjiauHK o6iiixHHe ce^a rH^opai^a, y Koioi ie 
icao Haxapoiii cjymno. Hoibbuih ^parocaajbeeuh 6ho 
^e BHiiie roAHua y UlHAy Hoxapom, na ie noc^e xy 
cjiy««6y ocxasHO h nocxao ynpaaHxe^b uiKOJia y hc- 



321 



TOM mecTy. TIokoihhk ie nociao ^pyufTBy.^ee csea* 
Ke cBora rnHBOronHca , a HacTaBaK h cBpmeraK one-^ 
KHBao ce flOi^Hkie, no HHie ^pyiuray /^oca^a /^ocTas- 
jben. le/j^an o^ naaHOBa /^pyiuTBa , Koiif.ie noKoinHRa 
H36jiH3Ke nodHdBao 9 nncao ie npe ^bq.' Mecei^a ibero* 
BOM CHHy y lUit/^. /^a noTpaacif h noui^e ^pyuixBy 
cBpmeTaK atHBOTonHca OHHHor, kbico 6h My ce iieKpo- 
;iQr 3a FaacBMB HasHHHO, a^H na obo hhcmo Hpiie no- 
cjiao HHKaifiaB o^roBop, ua neMy ie CTsap h ocrajia. 



O^ T^ejia, Koia cy sjiauoBH /^pyiuTBa Hspav^uyiH, 
a HHcy loiu iaiiHOCTH npe^ana , cnOMHAeMO OB^e ^Ha^ 
y.Ky o cacTaBy h mHBory pacTHita^ o^ pe/^osHor ^^a- 
na r. B. loBaHOBHha. 

Ofl, r. loBaiia T^parameBuha „HeiiiTO o cpCcKOM 
iesHKy." 

0/\ r. locH^a IlaHSHha „mHBH necais y Cp^Hiii 
H Ciube uiTO na ibCMy pacxe." 

O^ r. Ah. loBaHOBHha Gece^y loBana lyroBHha, 
6uBuier cefcpeTapa cosera, HaroBopeHy y Hapo^Hoi 
CKyniuTHHH 24. *e6pyapa 1810. ro^HHe. 

-OcHM Tora ^pyuiTBO ie peuiHjio na^aTH y oco- 
6HToi KibHHSHi^H Kopecno^eHqHiy. Baa^HKe Kpa.;beBHha 
G BaacTHMa ^aaMaTuHCKHM o Bepu^ Koie ie nanupe 
npe/^ao ^pymxBy iberoB nonacHH mjibh r. Aaesca 

ClIMKh. 

Pe^OB. Mjian r. Ioch* IlaHHHh npoHauiao ie y 
OKOJiHHH Beorpa^a ie^ny pacxBapaiyhy MnnepaaHy bo- 
^y, o Koipi ie h nncao OB/^auiH>oi oCiuthbh,^ ^a ce 
ona no6pHHe, KaKO 6u xa aeKOBHxa BO/^a nocxaaa 
npHCxynna wapo^y. lejiH bCiuxHua luxo 7^0 ca^ oko 
Tora pa^Haa^ J^pyui^^^y "Hie noauaxo. 



lioAnpece^BHR r. la. IIIa^apHK ynecxByiyhH bh- 
uie ro4""^ T nocjiOBHMa /^pyuixBa to kbo h-ibh , to 
rjiaciiRB XVII. 21 



3tt 

Rao noAnpece^HHX i^eroB, npoHHKao ie noTpel^e, 
npeMa KouMa 6h nocaoBH ^pyui^aa HanpeAHaui (a^ii, 
H Kao peayaraT iberoBor osCajbuor paamnujbaAa o 
nonoCoAiuafty ^fymTseuor pa^ay npe^jioaKHO ie aa 
r^asHOM cacTauKy npoiu. ro^. c^be^ehe Mepe. 

1) 4^ ce no^npeceAHKH , cexperap a aaanaMei 
Sapaiy aa aauie ro^HHa. CeapeTap ^a Cy^e cxajian, 
a no^apeceAHaR a Kaana^ei ^a ce (apaiy caaae rpa 
roAaae. 

S. ^a ce ycTauoBH a^jioboahh o^^op, roIh 6h 
OAnpaa^ao cae xeRyhe nocioae rai 6h ce o^i^op ca- 
craBHO H3 peAOBHBx H^aaoBa, roh 0h ce ffapa^ia aa 
rjiBBHOM cacraaRy. 

3) 4^ ^pyuiTBO OApebyie Sojbe narpaAe aa rah* 
aceBHe noc^AOBe a 

4) 4^ ^® HeorpanHHaaa yffpoiy csoax *ijiaHOBa. 
4pyuiTBO ieaa npsoM peAQBHOM cacraaRy ycso- 

HJio nocjie^^SL ^aa npeA«iora, a aa npaa nsa peiua- 
AO ie ^a QCTdae no cTapom HanaHy. 



npoui.ie roAHHe ho6hao ie J^pyuiTso SeanjiarHR 
CTBR y MaHacrapcTBy ITpocBeTe, ca Merany ie yRH- 
HyTO ISO rajiapa roAauiae iuto My ie y noMofc aa 
n.iahati>e Rapaie A^BaHo. 

9Rei«e]iH cTynarH y ^yxoBRy cseay ca 6pa)iOM 
CaoBeHu^HMa, ^Py^'^^^ ^® "^ npe^^or ie^aor cBor 
Mi^aaa, peuiaao nocAara no ie^aa eaaeMnjiap o^cbh. 
iy cBoax Ribara (^aS^HOTeRaMa rMMHaaaie MapaCopcRe 
•byC^aacRe , rpa^aMKe, TpcrenaMRe; Haraoaai^aiiia 
•bySjbaHCRoi, MapHfiopcRoi , CeMaaapaia ropaHRot a 
eKOHOMHOM J^pyuiTsy y •bySjbana. 

Ha MOJi6y raMaaaacKe Mi^aAeaca y CereAaay, 
noMeiAO my ie f^pyuiTBO cjibth cBoie RAare. 



HcTO TBRO nocTa«ia ie ono no ie^aa eacewniAap 
CBoax Rftara Moaaerapy Xa^ea^apy y caeroi ropa^ 



m 

y npouMOJi rOAHHii npunuAo ie J^pymrAo Ha 

Oa r. H. ARcaHOBa „« CepSaw nocaaaie ad Moc* 
KBK «AavnifHr ISM.** h ^eib o^ 11 — 30. Gpoia. 

O;^ r. lose Haffha Aerono ^eAo nCpCcna nNcnie- 
HHi;a<* yrpH KouaAa. 

lIpeKO i;apcKO-PycRor noncyjiaTa npHAUbeaecy 
RftHre: mypua^i MHHHCTepcTBa napo^Hor npocBieu^ne- 
Huie. C. nerepSypr 1860 ro^. — IlpoeRT npeoSpaao- 
Bannia MOpcRHx yneHMx aaBeAeHuia ,c yipeaK/^euHeM 
HOBoi THMHaaHiH. A^ntrpBAOM Tpa^oM liyrlaTHHHM. C. 
Ilereptfypr 1800. — HSBiecTiiie HmnepaTopcRoi ARa- 
^eifHiH sayR. C. netepfiypr 1861, ro^Hne, 

Oa r. locH4>a Beceaniia : Kratka ubavest o ure- 
dbah poljskih, U Zagrebu 1846.— kratki naukoduci- 
panjakozah kravjih po Mihoilu Neustaedteru U Zagre- 
bu.— Uputjenje od murvah uredjena i sviluih biibah. U 
Budimu 18S3. — X)er (omotodtrAeSaufierrind. Seipjlg 1821.— > 
SIovo prig'odom stogodiSnjice na slavu narodnog'a hr- 
vatskoga pjesnika Andrije Kacida MiloSii^a. U Zagrebu 
1860. M iom 4 npoiuHseHa npHJiora. 

O4 ITpoTe Sa^apcKor r. ^op^a HHKoaaieBHha 
iberoBO ^BAO MaraaHH Cp6cKO-^a.AMaTHHCKa aa 1861 
rort: y Bony 1861. ro^HHe. 

O4 Kp. IIpycRe ARB^eMHie HayRa «9RonqM' 
Seriate*' aa 1861. roA* Bepaini 286S. ro^* 

On HHuiTHTyTa MjbeTaiRor iberos opran aa ua- 
yRy, R&RaReBHOCT h seuiTHHy 6. 7. 8. h 9. ^eo. 

Oa MaTHi^e Op6cRe : „Cp(ScRH ^beronHc aa 1860. 
Aeo II. u aa 1861. a^o I. y ByARMy 1861. h 1868. rOA- 

Oa r. /I[pa. ^paH. JIba- Piirepa iberoBO a^*^^'^ 
Slovnik naucny , oa 25. ^o 27. csecse. 

Oa r. Csengery Antala Budapest! szemle oa 41« 
AO St. esecRe Hcror cBHca. 

Oa r. Byie Rapra XepiferosHne u I^pae Tope. 

21» 



8S4 



O;^ i^apvKO-^^pant^ycKor ^pyuiTsa aa npHpo^^ne 
HdyKe y lUepfiypry iberoeo ^e.io: ^Memoires'* ji^ea 
VUI. y napaay h IliepCy pry 1861. 

O^ iJtapcKO-pycKor nocjiaHCToa y Besy „naMHT^ 
HHKH ^HnaoMaTiiHecKHx cHOuieHui ^peBuen Poccih cb 
/^epnsaBaMu HHOcxpaHHiwH." CaHifiT-IIeTepCypr 1862. 

Q^ r. Hrfbaxa BacHha nponre ./loaHHiuor, npenuc 
ie^Hor cpScKor .beTonHca. 

O^ r. npo4>eoopa KaieraHa KocoBuHa „Savili*i 
piahabarati episodium," nenaTaHO Ha caHCKpHTCKom 
ie3HKy y nexepCypry 1861 ro^. 

O,^ rocnoie Kypeaai; y 3arpe(5y ^Flumjnensio 
ill koje cega etc. po Fraiiu Kurelzu.^ y 3arpe6y 1862. 

O4 ynpaBe aa^apcKe FHiiiHaaHie nporpam ncxe 
THMHaaHie. y Sa^py 1868, ro^HHe. 

O4 Ilexpa ACenilia, KHi»H3Kapa 3a/^apcKor y nnie 
c);\6opa wVcnoMeHy 3a cxoro;\HmH»y cBexKOBHHy Ah- 
^pHie KaHHha MHioiuHlia : senai; ya/^apia HapoflHora* 

O^ ropifco.iy>KHMk6r ^pyiuxBa aa Hayne n>eroBO 
^QAO : 7,9?eued Saufitiifc^ed SRadQ^tn, 39 h 40 ^eo npee 
no^iOBHHe H 39 ^eo ^pyre no^OBHHe. y Fep^nqy 1862. 

O^ r. ^MHxpHia MaxHlia KibHry : ApHCXH^ h Ha- 
xaaHia o^ A. CxoiKOBuha. ITepBa HacxHua. Bi* By^H- 
Mb 1801. ro^. H ie/^aH cxapH cpeSpn phmckk noBai^. 

O^ r. Me^a Ilyi^Hha : Delia poesia popolare Sla- 
va, di Giuseppe Bodjanski versione dal russo di va- 
sato Porra. Zara 1861. ro/v* 

O^ r. FHjb4>ep^HHra iberoBO ^eao : ^Bop6a Caa- 
BHH-b ds HIkMuaiiiH na 6a«;iTHCKOiii> nomopK bi* cpe^- 
Hie BbRa. C. nexep6ypri> 1861. ro/^HHe. 

O/^ napcKO-PycKor KaaaHCKor ynHBepcHxexa: yne- 
HiiiH aanHCKHy Ha^aBaeMua HMnepaxopcuHM'b uaaan- 
cKHM yHHBepcHTexoM-b I860. KaaaHb 1860. i, II, HI, 
IV. cBecKa, 

Ajire5paH4ecKiH ana^iHaii : Teopia •mcaeHHK'b 
ypaBHeuiH. KaaanB 1860. 



3tS 

f 

." 0(f03{>'l»fliie npesDOvS^aBditii 8% MkiiiepaTOpcKO-Ra- 
aaiieiioiili yHunepcirwdTh^ KosaHB ISW.- ro^. 

O^ r. ^aMifcaHa nae.iOBHhaifceFOBe' ^se Secede 
o^ Koiax ie ie^Ka roBop.eila - o CTorOv|«uiibH j;h Caee 
TeneaHie, a /^pyra Ha rpafiy nafKi^iioc BoiBO/|e 3a- 
pme loBaHOBHha Hime. 

O^ r. JosaHa 'Bopb^BJtfea nPa^iba fi^aroBeuireH- 
cKOr co6opa liapQAa cpjScnor y cpejucitHM KapaoBi^H- 
Aia 1861. ro/^. aaie^uo c nanoM. . 

O^T Mi'TtH^^ H^HpcK^ Htfmo nepHOAHMHo fla^aiiHie: 
^Bbsanski pr^ateli. €las<^is sadrziavajiici poirebite, 
koristne i zabavne stvari. Svezak ill. IJZagrebu 1861. 

O^ Ebt.. ABpaMbBnhd iiienos, upeso^ c eanacRor 
„llK0H0MHia'04 IiceHO;^oiiTa. y ^E^qrpa^y 186& 

Ofl, r. ^pa. MduufHa.iecice soBpeMeiiie. AuctOBe: 
Kvfity, Vcela, Prazk6 noviny aa 1847. ro^ Natodni 
noviny no^nyno, kvety 3a noaa ro^UHQ^ Vcela 'Ho/^- 
uyn^iSA 1848. ro^* PraikKJio.vkiy aa noAa 1846. ro^. 
6e3 4 u 6 6poia. JEMarodni noviu^ aa 1840. noiHHa^4>a- 
AH ll^oi.114. 143. 175. 176. 189. Xa obo npHMj&eu ie 
H v^erni Ui»C, KOi»e «>ajiM 6poi, 1, I^^.S^ 4 h S^4. 

Oa r. JWlHaaHa t). MiiwtHheBffha iberoBO a^ao : Be«> 
aeacKe ya nyx Kpo3 ner oitpymHia.'^ 

Oj^ qapcKe AKaAemiiie y Be^y ! 

„®ttjundd6e«i4(e^ph1IosdpHisch^hi«iarischeCla6se 
Band 37. Heft 1. Z. 3. 4. Band 38. Heft 1. 

@it}undd6eri(6te bee mot^emotircO ^ naturtoiflrenrcfeaftncten 
SfafTe Band 4. 1860. J^ ^9. Band 43. 1861. Jl^ 6. 7. 8 
bcr erfren fLbH^tiluttQ ; Band 43. 1861. Af 4—9. Dec II. 
Slbt^etlund. 

Register .^ 4. fret motf^emottrc^ « naturbifrorift&en 
eiafle. 

O4 MayapcKe AKa/^eMHie nayKa : 

1. Erkfinyv I. 40 VIII. IX. h 04 X. 1. 2. 3. 5. 

2. Ertesit5 nyelvtudomany I. cb. 1. 2 3. 4. 
ErtesitO tortenettudomany I. cb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 



St0 

l^rteaita termessettudomany I. gb. 1. 2. 3. 4. 
4. ManumentA hungariae historica I. Diploma- 
taria kh. I. ^o 7. 
II. Scriptores rk. I. flp 6. u 9. 

4. T&rt^nelmisar ra. I. ^o YIII. 

5. Magyar Leveies Tar rhi. L 

6. Erdy viaszos tabUk t. 

7. Kiss. Hunjadi utolso hadjarata 1. 

8. Knaur: orsz^gos tanacs 1. 

0. Archaelogia k&zlemeiiyek I. 1. 8; II. 1. 

10. Statifttikai kdzlemenyek ha. I. cb« 1. 2. k&. 

iir CB 1. 

11, Gegd moldvai magyar telepek 1. 
18. Magyar Laszlo levelei afrikabol 1. 

13. Magyar Laszlo utazasa afrikabol 1. 

14. Magyar nyelvrendszere 1. 

15. Puhanyok 1. 

O^ r. A. BacHjfceBHha HberoBO f,eAOi ^ysxrejb 
PycRorB iesHRa,^ y Eeorpa^y 186t. 

Oa r. ^pa. J. naRHRha : Plantae serbiae rari- 
ores aut novae, a pot. Roberto de Yisiani et proL 
losepho Pan£i6, descriptae et a conibus illustratae. 

Decas I. Yenetiis 1868. 

O^ i;. R. reorpa4>CRor ^pyiuTBa y Beny AeroBO 
^6.10 nueta roAHBa, y fieny 1861. ro^. 



H3BEIIITAJ 

t80S. eoduny. 

^BTao Ha rjiasBOH cacTaasy 13* laayapa 1863* loBT«»Bi« 
AspawoaRk, aasaaioi APJwaa- 



rpoma irap« 

Ha CBpmeTRy 1861. ro^* Haiii.io ce 

y RacH TOBHue 7;903 16. 

flpHNijfceHo ie o/^ flpaBHreacTBa no 6y- 
ijieTj aa 186C. ro^. Kao noMoli fl^^ynvt^y . . 12.480. 

O;^ npo^aTHx KifcHra yseToie 1.104. 

Oa A<>nHCHor M^aHd r. ^oaona, xao no- 

Mok sa Ha^aBaibe KibHra 6. Xt i;ecap 336. 

3a ie^aH npo^aTH acTaji 70. 

CBera ie npHM.>beHO aa 186S. ro^. . • 21.893 16. 

Oa oae cyMe noTpomeHO ie : 

Ha njiary ceicpevapa 2.400. 

Ha njiary (MymHTeaa 1.104. 

Ha Kytny RHpHiy 1.440. 

OpeAara ie «HHaHCHiH yuiTebeHa Y% 

roA- RMpnia y 1.440. 

CnHcaTejbHHa y ame narpaAe HaAaro ie: 1.572 20* 

3a neMaraibe AHn.«OMa 804. 

HoRaoH cjiarany XIV. Rib. r.iacHHRa 56. 

3a noBe a RibHra 662. 

Ha nouiTapHHy 112 14. 



328 

Ha noiuHjbaibe KftHra 7B6. 

Ha cei^eibe 790. 

Ha neiarariia 2. Ta6«iHqe ^aKcuMHJie 130. 

Ha pa3He flpyve norpeSe 74. 

Ceera ie noTpoiueuo aa 1862. ro^. 11.396 34. 

Ka^ ee TpouiaK o/^ Dpuxo^a o^fiHie noasa^yie ce, 

^a HMa y KacH roroBUHe na oBpiuericy 1862. ro^. 
10.496 rpouia 22. nape napuiHCRe. 



HEKFOJlOSn. 



4pyiiiTBO cpCcKe Ci^oBecHOCTH H3ry6Hao ie one 
ro^HHe seTHpH H.iaiia CBoia: ie^Hor pe^OBHor, ^^ea ^o- 
nHcna h ie/^Hor noHacHOr. To cy : 1. HHKO^a HoBauo- 
BHli, uiTo ie 6ao ceKperrap y MKHHcrapcTBy npocseTe 
Z. IleTap TIpoTHh, Ha'ia.iHifK TexHiiiKor o^ejierba y mh- 
HHcrapcTBy BoieHOM; 3. ^opbe CToiaKOBHh, ^^BopcisH 
caBeTHHK y Beny npH yHrapcKoi KOHi^ejiapHiH h 4. Ila- 
BJie CraHHiuHh, Mjian Haiuer ^P^RdBHor caBera. Ha/^a- 
MO ce ^a lie npniaTe^bH obhx noKoinHKa, koih h36^h- 
me no3Haiy muBOT ibHxoB, cnpeMHTH aa n^yhn r.fa- 

CHHK npOCTpaHHlH HfiHBOTOnHC BiHXOB. 



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