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§IASSW0RKE| 

AMAL.GL'ASS WORKERS INT. ASSN. 



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THE 

GLASS WORKER 

OFFICIAL ORGAN 

AMAL GLASS WORKERS INT. ASS^N. 

Sintered September 16> 1902, at Cliioago,Dl. as aeoond-olasa matter, under Act of July 16,1894 



Volume 4 



JUNE 1907 



No. 46 



A NEW DEVELOPMENT IN THE 
MOYER-HAYWOOD CASE. 




The 
Borah 



impeachment of Senator W. B. 
by the Federal Grand Jury, on 
account of fraud, is an Interesting inci- 
dent in connection with the Moyer-Hay- 
wood case. Borah is one of the attorneys 
for the prosecution. Steunenberg, the 
murdered man, was mixed up with Borah 
in the fraud with which he Is charged. 
It seems, then, that this Steunenberg, 
who has been held up to the public as a 
citizen of unimpeachable virtue, was in 
reality a land grabber who probably had 
enemies enough on his own account, and 
who might easily have been murdered 
by men he had defrauded, or even by ac- 
complices in his. crime. 

It is a significant fact that United 
States District Attorney Beatty, in whose 
court the investigation of Borah has pro- 
ceeded, has been supplanted by an attox^ 
ney connected with the Oregon Shortline 
Railway, Attorney T. J. Dietrich. This 
man is one of Roosevelt's personal ap- 
pointees. It ia thought that if Borah's 
case is taken before Dietrich it will be 
with the understanding that it is to be 
dismissed. For one thing, too many 
people are said to be mixed up in the 
fraud, and his trial would probably lead 
to disclosures implicating Governor Good- 
ing and other high> officials. 

During the Moyer-Haywood meeting in 
this city one of the speakers, N. L#. Griest, 
who was familiar with the conditions in 
Idaho, made the statement that he 
thought it probable that Steunenberg had 
been murdered by some of the many 
enemies he had made as a sheep-raiser, 
or in connection with land stealing. 
There is war between the sheep-raisers 
and the cattle-raisers in that country, 
and the feud is exceedingly bitter. Re- 
cent disclosures seem to point In the 





same direction. It is said that Borah has StXML 
petitioned that his case be postponed un-fQ^NQES 
til after the Moyer-Haywood trial. It 
will be interesting if Roosevelt com- 
mands that the indictment against Borah 
be Quashed, or that hJs trial be delayed 
in order that he may help to prosecute 
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone. He is 
said to ber an attorney of unusuai ability 
and the mainstay of the prosecution. 

Boise City is the home of Governor 
Gooding, Senator Borah and many other 
wealthy land thieves — ^known land 
thieves, outside this recent indictment of 
the Grand Jury. Governor Gooding was 
generally known to be an accomplice in 
a steal of thousands of acres of land ftom 
the people of Idaho. This band of un- 
scrupulous and powerful men, controlling 
the Republican political machine in their 
state, look with contemptuous indiffer- 
ence upon the popular demonstrations in 
favor of the prisoners. .They have the 
militia at their disposal, the Federal 
troops at call. They control the public 
press of the state, so that the truth with 
regard to Borah or with regard to the 
accused men, does not reach the public. 
These conditions, combined with the out- 
spoken approval of the prosecution by 
the President of the United States, who 
stands as the spokesman for the control- 
ling political machine, these conditions 
make a dark outlook for the three ac- 
cused men. 

Borah's indictment was the result of a 
Quarrel among the land thieves them- 
selves, and the betrayal of their frauds 
by one of their own number; although to 
mislead the Idaho public, the press there 
Is claiming that his indictment results 
from a plot of the Western Federation of 
Miners, in spite of the improbability that 



M884789 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



that body could influence the Federal 
Court, the stronghold of the mine owner 
and the wealthy, governing class. Con- 
sidering the nature of the revelations 
that are being made, the kidnapping of 
Moyer, Haywood and Pettibone does not 
seem so surprising as it first appeared. 
These are high-handed criminals with 
whom we are dealing, men who have 
broken the lawB in more than one direc- 
tion before; this kidnaping business was 
only characteristic. 

The acquittal of the three accused men 
would mean a serious defeat of the capi- 
talist class not only in Colorado and 
Idaho, but in the United States. Organ- 
ized capital is facing organized labor, and 
the struggle is a desperate one. The 



trust, and the political party, recognize 
the situation much better than the union 
man. The claim made by the prosecu- 
tion, that it is not fighting unionism, is 
flimsy. If these men were common mur- 
derers, if they were not the officers of 
unions no such fight would be made. The 
employing class knows that there cannot 
be two masters in the industrial field; 
that either it must rule the situation or 
that the union will eventually rule it, and 
with the industrial field the political 
field also, for the two go together. If 
these men are convicted, unionism will 
receive a blow intended to disable it, but 
what the result of that blow will be it is 
too early to say. — San Jose <Cal.) Union 
Label. 



THE TRIAL IS ON. 



After Over One Years Imprisonment the Trial Commences Against W. D. 

Haywood, et. al. 



The jury to try Wm. D. Haywood, Sec'y 
of the •Western Federation of Miners, for 
the murder of ex-Gov; Steunenberg was 
finally completed June 3. The following 
statement was made by Messrs. Darrow 
and Richardson, council for the defense, 
after the Jury was impaneled. 

"The Haywood jury consists of nine 
farmers, one real estate agent, one bufld- 
ing contractor and one foreman of fence 
construction on a railroad. There is no 
man on the jury who works for wages or 
who has ever belonged to a iabor organ- 
ization, excepting Burns, who was a mem- 
ber of the carpenters* union fourteen 
years ago, or who has ever been a stu- 
dent of trade unionism or the labor ques- 
tion. In the two hundred odd jurors 
drawn, not more than three trade union- 
ists were placed in the panel, and these 
were excused for conscientious objections 
to capital punishment and fixed opinions. 
The jurors drawn have been mainly 
farmers,, interspersed with a large num- 
ber of bankers and some business men. 

"The jurors appear to be men of honest 
purposes, determined to give the defend- 
ant a fair trial, but it is uniformly made 
up of a class to which none of the de- 
fendants has ever belonged, and which 
has no natural kinship to labor organiza- 
tions. In addition to this, they are drawn 
from a small county, almost wholly agri- 
cultural, and each member for a year and 
a half has read little about the case ex- 
cept what has been contained in the 



Boise daily papers, and this has uniform- 
ly been hostile to the defendants. Nearly 
all of them admitted that they had form- 
ed opinions and impressions from what 
they read, and, necessarily, these must 
have been against the defendant." 

The trial commenced June 4. Mr. 
Hawley, for the prosecution, commenced 
his address to the jury<v saying that the 
prosecution expects to prove that the 
ofiicers and executive committee of the 
Western Federation of Miners were re- 
sponsible, not only for the death of 
Steunenberg, but scores of others. 

He briefly went over the events imme- 
diately preceding the * death of ex-Gov. 
Steunenberg and described the latter's 
assassination and the arrest of Orchard. 

He said he would prove that the West- 
em 'Federation of Miners "left a trail of 
blood — ^traded in blood, hired paid assas- 
sins, and collected huge sums of money 
which they used and squandered to carry 
out the objects of the few men of the 
•Inner circle.'" He said that Harry 
Orchard, who is said to have confessed to 
placing the bomb which blew up and 
killed ex-Gov. Steunenberg, was also a 
member of the Western Federation of 
Miners, as was Jack Slmpklns, who has 
not been apprehended. 

Mr. Hawley said, that while Haywood, 
Pettibone and Moyer are specifically 
charged in the indictment with having 
thrown or exploded the bomb, it is not 
the purpose of the prosecution to prove 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



that they were in the State of Idaho at 
the time of the crime. Under the laws 
of this state, however, accessories before 
the fact are not recognized as such, but 
must be charged with the crime as prin- 
cipals. Those who aid, advise^ abet, or 
assist in crime are recognized under the 
laws of Idaho, whether present or not, 
as principals in the crime. 

*'It is our purpose," he said, "to show 
that the death of Steunenberg was the 
result of a conspiracy, an understanding, 
and collusion between the leaders of the 
Western Federation of Miners and other 
persons. • 

"We claim that the leaders of this 
union are responsible for this outrage, 
and It will be our purpose to prove them 
so." 

surrounded by deputy sheriffs and 
guarded by special detectives, Harry Or- 
chard, the star witness for the prosecu- 
tion in the trial took the witness st^nd 
on June 5. Seldom, If ever, has a more 
revolting and blood curdling story of 
crime been related in the court room or 
out of it than that which the witness, who 
said his real name is Albert E. Horsely, 
unfolded before the jury. 

His wanderings over the western coun- 
-try at the expense of the organization to 
*'bump off" men who had opposed the 
union were related in detail in a more or 
less connected narrative. These wander- 
ings took him from Colorado to San 
Francisco and through Wyoming, Vtbh 
and Montana. 

Sometimes he accomplished his bloody 
work and at other times his mission fail- 
ed, but throughout the long narrative one 
point was always in evidence, that he 
needed money and was willing to under- 
. take any kind of murderous work to 
secure it. 

The witness showed some familiarity 
with the workings of the Western Federa- 
tion of Miners, and gave the impression 
that there is some truth in his story, al- 
though the defense will attempt to show 
that it is wholly a fabrication. 

Orchard confessed that as a member 
of the mob that wrecked the Bunker Sill 
and Sullivan mill in the Coeur d'Alenes 
he lighted one of the fuses that carried 
fire to the giant powder explosion. 

Confessed that he set the death trap in 
the Vindicator mine at Cripple Creek that 
lilew out the lives of Supt. McCormlck 
and Foreman Beck. 

Confessed that because he had not 
heen paid for his first attempt at violence 
In the Vindicator mine he had been 
treacherous to his associates by warning 



the managers of the Florence & Cripple 
Creek railway that there was a plot to 
blow up th^ir trains. From his story it 
appeared that the attempt to wreck the 
train- was made after the Vindicator ex- 
plosion, while the developments showed 
that it occurred before the explosion. 

Confessed that he cruelly fired three 
charges of buckshot into the body of 
Detective Lyte Gregory, of Denver, kill- 
ing him instantly. 

Confessed that for days he stalked Gov. 
Peabody, of Colorado, about Denver, wait- 
ing a chance to kill him. 

Confessed l\e and Steve Adams set and 
discharged the mine under the station at 
Independence that killed 14 men. 

Confessed that, failing in an attempt 
to poison Fred Bradley, of San Francisco, 
he blew him and his house up with a 
bomb of gelatin powder. The court In- 
vestigation in that case found that the 
explosion was caused by escaping gas 
and damages were paid to the owner of 
the building. ^ 

On June 6 Orchard renewed his evi- 
dence and told how with a great bomb 
he killed former Gov. Steunenberg. 

Among the spectators was Mrs. Croth- 
ers, mother of Haywood, who arrived 
from Salt Lake City; Mrs. Haywood and 
his half sister. His daughters were not 
present. 

At the other side of the court room 
were Mrs. Pettibone and Mrs. Steve 
Adams, whose husband Is said by Or- 
chard to be his personal assistant assas- 
sinator. 

Of course It goes without saying that 
every one of these dastardly deeds Or- 
chard brings into it that he was instigat- 
ed to do so by Messrs. Moyer, Haywood 
and Pettibone. The defense will try to 
show that he is a liar and they may also 
prove that he is a Pinkerton spy. In the 
employ of the Pinkerton Agency. 

It is expected thai the case will last 
till August since the prosecution have 
taken such a wide- range, implicating 
every murder that was committed In the 
western country for the last decade to 
the Western Federation of Miners. 



ORCHARD A PINKERTON. 



H. V. S. Groesbeck, a former Judge of 
the Supreme Court of Wyoming, deliver- 
ed a speech at Laramie, W3ro., under the 
auspices of the Young Men's Literary 
Club, in which he made the sensational 
statement that Harry Moore or Harry 
Orchard, under which name he is more 
familiarly known, the self-confessed as- 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. L A. 



aassin of former Governor Frank Steun- 
enberg of Idaho, was a Pinkerton spy, 
who enrolled as a member of the Western 
Federation of Miners for the sole purpose 
of bringing Uiat organization into disre- 
pute through connivance with and carry- 
ing out the dastardly plots of the Mine 
Owners' Association. "I have positive In- 
formation in my possession/' said Judge 
Greosbeck, "which brands Orchard as a 
Pinkerton spy." 

The Judge made the further claim that 
the troubles in the Cripple Creek district. 
in the Coeur d'Alene, and in other places 
In the mining country, were instigated by 
the Mine Owners' Association. Small and 
Insignificant differences were in this way 
magnified, he intimated, until they as- 
sumed most seriqus proportions, result- 
ing finally in the open breach and the 
calling out of the militia. Speaking of 
the motive behind the assassination of 
Steunenberg, Judge Groesbeck said: "The 
assassination was the most illogical thing 
that any union or federation could con- 
ceive of, and from which no possible 
benefit could accrue to the instigators. 
There was no use for any union to mur- 
der Steunenberg. He was a dead horse 
politically and the trouble in Idaho was 
ended." 



Western Federation of Miners will hold 
their annual convention In Denver, be- 
ginning next Monday. Various plans 
will be considered to meet the attacks of 
the operators and give them all the fight 
they want. Despite the war of extermi- 
nation begun five years ago by the pluto- 
crats, politicians and Pinkerton pimps, 
the W. F. of M. has steadily increased In 
members and influence and will continue 
to fight against the would-be slave-drivers 
Indefinitely. 



JUSTIFICATIONS OF STRIKES. 



The question of justification of strikes 
is brought forward by the fact that the 
strike is the important centripetal force 
of the organization of labor. In so de- 
scribing it— and to avoid the commpn 
error that strikes are associated as a 
function of labor organizations only — let 
It be understood that the power to ef- 
fectively strike is the centripetal force of 
all organizations, whether labor, reli- 
gious, social, political or capital. Every 
organization, of whatever character, is 
formed and held together for the one 
purpose of resisting or striking against 
some real or anticipated menace or con- 
dition that Is commonly threatening or 



objectionable to those attracted to mem^ 
bership. Thus, we cannot well associate 
a labor union with all strikes and boy- 
cotts. There are social, religious, po- 
litical and capitalistic strikes and boy- 
cotts as Incessant as the ebb and flow 
of the ocean tide. 

What the strike of one social element 
of the civilized human family against 
another may have for justification I do 
not undertake to discuss. Its benefits, 
in some measure, may come from the ex- 
amples, good or bad, of the lives of the 
members peculiar to the various social 
classes, ap Infiuenced by the purposes of 
the respective society in which they class 
themselves. 

Capital organizes into trusts, compa- 
nies, corporations and combine to ac- 
quire more effective strike power. What 
Is the justification. Tet all these strikes 
are Incessantly active. 

This article purposes to say of the 
justification of labor strikes, but lest an 
advantage in reasoning be given to the 
justification of capitalistic strikes, just 
enoungh space to ask the purpose of 
capital may be taken. We are told, and 
by an array of most forceful exploiters, 
that the combination and centralization 
of capital Into private control is a public 
benefit. It would be too unpardonable 
to take space here for a discussion of 
that question. But that Its purpose Is to 
benefit the public appears contradicted 
when we ask ourselves, What prompts 
investment In stocks of these combina- 
tions?" If you have $100, or from that 
amount to $10,000, or more, which you 
wish to Invest, may you conclude to pur- 
chase certain railway stocks for the pur- 
pose of benefiting the public? Or may 
you more likely be influenced by the 
private benefit you expect from such in- 
vestment? As you make the investment, 
do you contemplate inviting another com- 
bination to build a competing railway 
which will be an advantage, perhaps, to 
your community, but reduce the income 
upon your investment? Or are you de- 
termined to fight loyally with your asso- 
ciate stock holders to defeat the possibil- 
ity of such competition, regardless of the 
public benefit? Then you engage to sup- 
port a perpetual strike of the capital In 
which you are Interested, and justifica- 
tion cannot be based upon public interest 

No matter what varied arguments are 
arranged against the organization of la- 
bor, it Is the strike power that excites 
the argument. The strike provides the 
only method by which- labor can rebel 
against oppressive measures and condi- 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



tlons_ of employment. The strike Is the 
force by which the labor union* asserts 
existence. It is that by which the em- 
ployer is forced to consider a wage scale 
proposed by employes themselves. It Is 
the power to strike that causes the legis- 
lator to listen to labor's appeal for laws. 
It Is the power to strike that Influences 
the otherwise indifferent merchant to 
carry union labeled goods in his business 
— ^the boycott being a form of strike. 
It is the influence of the power to strike 
that causes the appeal to arbitration, 
and the intercession of outside citizens 
in labor controversies. 

True, there are multitudes of illustra- 
tions of agreeable relations between em- 
ploying managements and organized la- 
bor. It would be ungenerous to assume 
that all such Illustrations exist from 
fear on part of the employer. There are 
employers and managers of employing 
concerns who are voluntarily fair to la- 
bor, from an honest purpose, and accede 
to labor the very best that circumstances 
will permit Such employers have no 
fear of strikes, nor are they actuated by 
such fear in their dealings with labor 
anions. Tet^ were it not for the strike 
power, there would be no labor union 
with which such employers could deal. 

The strike power of organized labor 
appeals to the fair-minded element of 
citizenship in proportion to the confi- 
dence that the average citizen has in 
the intelligence of the membership of the 
organization. The strike power of or-: 
ganized capital, or employing corpora- 
tions, appeals to the fair-minded element 
of citizenship in proportion to the con- 
fidence of the average citizen in the ab- 
stract of capital from selfish ends. As 
capital is feelingless, and selfish accumu- 
altion fi*om Its nature. Its strike power 
Is without outside sympathy, and com- 
mans only to the extent of fear it may 
Instill. It is as repulsive to sympathy 
as intelligende Is inviting. 

No labor strike occurs without a cause 
— ^there is no effect without a cause. 
Eliminate the cause prior to the strike 
and there would no strike follow. Then 
the justification of the strike depends 
upon the justification of the contention 
In defense of the cause, to the extent of 
the strike, and the Justification of the 
neglect or refusal to remove the cause by 
those in authority to do so. 

Cause of labor strikes have been veri- 
ous, but all may be traced in anticipated 
or real. Intolerable or unacceptable con- 
ditions of employment. Let us take up 
a few of the abstract causes. 

First, a collectively employed body 



of men conclude to organize Into a labor 
union. Of course, there Is a cause for 
reaching such a conclusion, but discus- 
sion of that Is unnecessary here. If the 
men have a right to organize such a 
union, the cause is of little consequence. 
But the employer objects. The employes 
insist, and organize. The employer dis- 
charges the ofilcers of the organization 
and others, whose disposal is for the pur^ 
pose of destroying the organization. 
Others are "told that if they want em- 
ployment they must withdraw and re- 
main non-union. The terms are objec- 
tionable. The employes take the man- 
ager at his word and they all quit. They 
not only quit work, but they tell other 
employes that the employer restricts the 
rights of men in employment. The strike 
is on. It is an incident In the com- 
munity. It attracts attention, and the 
natural sentiment of the public toward 
the unfair employer Is the same as that 
toward the holdup man or the midnight 
burglar. He Is attempting to take from 
men that which naturally belongs to 
them. Society does not stand for that. 
Society protects all men in their rights. 
Some ask, "Why don't the men seek 
work elsewhere?" "Why don't society 
let the employer alone?" The men have 
a right not to seek work elsewhere. They 
may remain idle so long as they are not 
vagrants. Society lets the employer 
alon& In a business way, but as an ob» 
jectionable member, society seeks him 
as it does ,the burglar, until he is locked 
up, as it were, or becomes good. If it 
is right that the recognized rights of 
. citizens shall be respected and protected, 
the strike is justlficable. If It Is right 
that society should protect men in their 
rights, if civilization means anything In 
the way of security of equal rights, the 
strike is justifiable. Employment of one 
by another embraces an agreement ex- 
pressed or Implied. But no agreement 
can be made or implied as containing 
conditions that take away the rights of 
men. The employment of a man to la- 
bor Implies or expresses that certain . 
labor shall be performed by the employe, 
but it cannot imnly that such employe 
shall commit s^iiclde during his term of 
service. Even if such should be an ex- 
pressed condition, it would not be legal. 
Neither Is an agreement legal which con- 
ditions that the employe shall not Join 
a labor organization. 

Another case is inability on part of 
employer and employe to reach an ac- 
ceptable agreement upon terms of em- 
ployment. An emploving corporation is 
In business for profit. The magnitude 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



of profit depends much upon the econ- 
omy with which the business is conduct* 
ed. Profit cannot accrue unless the eX' 
pense is less than the Income — real or 
prospective. An item of expense is la- 
bor. A certain amount of labor is re- 
quired, and the less paid for it the great- 
er the profit. Then it is important to 
the purpose of the ^ business to pay the 
least possible for the required labor. It 
is equally Important to the purpose of 
the wage earner that the highest rate 
obtainable from the business shall be 
paid for labor. This purpose is common 
to all wage earners collectively employed. 
They get together and fix the price and 
conditions acceptable. The employer, or 
management, fix upon a lower rate and 
more exacting conditions — th^ very low- 
est at which it may be hoped to obtain 
the desired labor. So long as both par- 
ties . maintain their positions, no agree- 
ment can be reached. It may be the 
honest opinion of the employes that by 
suspending the supply of labor, the em- 
ployer will buy it at the price fixed by 
the employe. They suspend work, and 
the strike is on. But some ask, "Why 
not permit the employer to employ other 
wage earners at his own price?" He is 
permitted to do so, providing he can 
get them. But the strikers have a right 
to Illustrate their position to others who 
might take. the positions. Their purpose 
in selling their labor is the same as the 
purpQse of the strikers. They join the 
strikers, and refuse to sell their labor 
at the under, price. The man who ac- 
cepts the employment works against an 
effort to promote his own interest. He . 
is looked upon as a degenerate, not com- 
petent to understand the common Inter- 
est of wage earners, or, that he is of 
a mercenary disposition not consistent 
in a good disciple of civilization. Now, 
if such a strike is so confined in its 
effect that it offers no interference with 
the general affairs of society, under the 
* present code of ethics both employer 
and strikers are within their rights. But 
, should the affairs of society be menaced 
or interfered with, society has a right 
to interfere. Such interference pooular- 
ly demands arbitrations. So predicated 
is the public demand for arbitration, 
that rejection of arbitration on part of 
a labor union, in agreement controvers- 
ies, reflects upon the justification of the 
strike. So, rejection of arbitration on 
part of the employer destroys justifi- 
cation of his contention against the wage 
rate and conditions asked by the fetrik- 
ers. Thus, the strike of the employes 



is justified by the public, from the very 
unfalmees of the employer or manage- 
ment. , 

But few strikes occur from other than 
the two causes mentioned. The first 
embraces attempts of employers to an- 
nul the natural and legal rights of em- 
ployes. The second embraces the refusal 
of employers to grant acceptable terms 
of employment or submit such disagree- 
ments to arbitration. There is not a 
doubt as to the justification of such 
strikes. The employer, or employing cor- 
poration, has the power to remove the 
cause before the strike is declared. Cor- 
sequently. the employer is responsible 
for all disagreeable features and char* 
acteristlcs attending the strike. 

The very purposes for which labor or- 
ganizes justifies its existence. But its 
existence is the . existence of a strike 
power. Then the strike, when neces- 
sary to the promotion of the purposes 
of organized labor, is justifiable. 

But the uninitiated asks, "What are 
the purposes of organized labor, that 
they are justifiable?" The purposes of 
orgonized labor are best exposed by pro- 
gress and accomplishments. The pro- 
gress of organized labor comes of the 
associated intelligence of the member- 
ship. The culmination of the progress 
of labor organizations is an aspersion of 
the Intelligence of the membership. Ac- 
complishments are results of the constant 
anplication of associated intelligence of 
the membership. Perhaps an accom- 
plishment comes as an immediate resnlt 
of a strike. Yet it is a product of the 
application of the associated Intellig'^nce 
of the employes composing the union. 
The exercise of the strike power is in 
the hands of the associated intelligence. 
The strike is declared by the associated 
intelligence of the employes. It is g^iid- 
ed and directed by that same intelli- 
gence. It is the same Intelligence that 
the employer engages to apnly the labor 
he buys. As employes the employer 
lauds their intelligence in so far as his 
own interest lies in so doing. As strik- 
ers, he condemns it. in so far as his own 
interest lies in so doing. 

The expressions of employers are not 
safe to be acreoted upon the justification 
of strikes. The labor organization and 
its strike principle Is as necessary to 
the health and welfare of wage-earners 
as Is the government with its police 
regulation to society. The strike is as 
justifiable as the apprehension of piracy. 
Investigation will discover a cause for 
every strike for whlcji the employer Is 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 7 



wholly, or in part, at fault— generally 
wholly at fault. 

When strikes are apparently lost to 
the organization, some criticise the strik- 
ers, or strike directors^ some ridicule the 
effort. But no strike was ever lost. It 
is justifiable in its nature as a.resistence 
against oppression, and leaves its in- 
fluence for good behind. — The Quarry 
Workers Journal. 



GLASS SUBJECT TO DECAY. 



Mediaeval glass decays in a very 
characteristic manner. Very commonly 
the glass becomes covered with little pits, 
for all the world like the worm-holes one 
often sees in an old oak cabinet. 

The process of decay in glas Is un- 
doubtedly a parallel on a small scale to 
the change produced on a large scale by 
the action of time and weather on geolo- 
gical formations, such as chalk and sand- 
stone — a combination of corrosion and In- 
ternal change. 

Corrosion of the surface of glass is 
produced by the long-continued action of 
moisture, which gradually extracts the 
soluble silicates, leaving the insoluble 
silica in a thin film, the glass thereby 
becoming iridescent. Owing to the large 
proportion of lime it contains, however, 
mediaeval glass does not become Iride- 
scent as the result of corrofion. On the 
extraction of the alkali by water this 
lime is left behind witn the silica, and 
forms with it a hard, insoluble silicate of 
lime, "which adheres to the corroded sur- 
face of 'the glass, forming an opaque 
scum or patina. In some cases this is so 
marked that the glass appears to be cov- 
ered with a coat of cement. 

The peculiar pitting of old stained 
glass is not, however, due to corrosion at 
all, but to a change in the constitution 
of the glass. 

Wliat happens is this: In the first 
place, molecules of the sap^e kind tend 
to separate out from the homogeneous 
mixture and collect round a point, form- 
ing a centre of decomnosition. Proceed- 
ing from this centre the glass is found 
decomposing into definite cora'iounds in 
an ever-enlarging circle until It reaches 
a point at which the strain set up in the 
glass by this molecular movement results 
in a crack forming around the area of 
decomposition, and then the whole mass 
comes away, leaving behind it a little 
hole or pit in the s'jrface of tha glass. 

Such are the two forces at work on the 
decay of glairs — corrosion without and 
decomposition within — and, of course. 



they act simultaneously. As the pits are 
formed they are extended by corrosion, 
forming a resting place, in fact, for the 
water, until eventually the whole fabric 
of the glass is destroyed. 

According to varying circumstances — 
the position of the window as effecting 
its degree of exposure, the climate in 
which it is placed, differences in composi- 
tion and mechanical state of the glass — 
we get all sorts of variations in the pre- 
cise effect of decay in particular in- 
stances. 

It is a well recognized fact that glass 
containing a large proportion 'of earths, 
that is, lime, magnesia, and alumina. Is 
especially liable to become crystalline. 
If, then, one is correct in thinking that 
the peculiar pitting of Gothic glass is due 
to a similar change of constitution, one 
would expect to find it excessively rich 
in these constituents, and this is, in fact, 
the case. 

On the other hand, glass containing 
excess of alkali has an equally recog- 
nized tendency to go "blind,** that is, to 
become covered with a film, due to cor- 
rosion. 

Finally, glass with a high content of 
silica, with earth and alkali equally bal- 
anced, may be looked upon as highly re- 
sistant in both directions. It is such 
glasses which decay slowly and with 
little tendency to devlrtification, the sur- 
face being merely etched by corrosion, 
leaving the large proportion of silica in 
a coherent thin film, producing gorgeous 
effects of iridescence. 

After going thoroughly Into the evi- 
dence afforded by those medieoval pay- 
rolls which have been preserved, dealing 
with the execution of stained-glass win- 
dows, the conclusion that the enamel in 
ouestion was prepared by makin^f a fus- 
ible opaque black glass, technically 
known as "geet," probably because it re- 
sembled jet in appearance (the word jet 
being in writings of the period variously 
spelt jeat, ieat, geat, geet) : this material 
would be used as a flux, and mixed with* 
the oxides of iron and copper to make 
the paint. — New York Journal. 



JUST TO GET BACK AT THE OTHER 
FELLOWS. 



One of the great drawbacks to the ad- 
vancement of the trade union movementv 
and one that brings it into contempt so 
often with the public generally, and gives 
ammunition to those who are continually 
seeking the downfall of organized labor» 



8 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



is the fact that in its affairs there is such 
a constant question of authority and dis- 
cipline, and so much bickering among 
indlTidual members. The trouble seems 
to be owing to so much jealousy and 
selfishness being injected into union af- 
fairs, and these two causes, we believe, 
are responsible for many of the un- 
pleasant conditions that so "many unions 
and executive committees of our inter- 
national union are confronted with. 

From experience we can safely assert, 
without fear of contradiction, that per- 
sonal animosities simply go on and on, 
until the unions and individuals thereof 
opposing each other can see no good 
whatever in any measure that may be in- 
troduced, and usually conditions become 
such that the chain of brotherhood, 
which should bind all together, Is broken 
in two, and no matter what the other fel- 
low or union suggests, whether there is 
merit In it or not, it is knocked on gen- 
eral principles, Just to get back at brother 
So and So, who in turn, does his knocking 
wiien the "opportunity presents itself, and 
there you are. Truly it is a pitiful con- 
dition. 

We want bigger hearts, bigger and 
broader minds, and a truer conception of 
our duty toward one another. The ethics 
of our movement, which we regret to say, 
are very often overlooked, teach higher 
priciples. We are under a moral obliga- 
tion to secure for ourselves and posterity 
the greatest of blessings and happiness 
that is possible to attain in this world; 
to be kincler and more tolerant of one an- 
other; to agree and disagree, and to re- 
cognize and support even those whom we 
consider our bitterest enemies in the 
views and measures which they may pre- 
sent for the advancement of our cause, 
when we can clearly see merit in them, 
in place of that blind, selfish spirit that 
knocks just for the sake of knocking, and 
for fear the other fellow. will reap some 
advantage or glory. In the trade union 
movement there is. glory enough for all. 
If we would be up and doing we must get 
rid of our personal prejudices and keep 
down that ever overabundance of selfish- 
ness with which we are all more or less 
endowed* Let us each be constructive 
and not sit idly back waiting to pounce 
on the other fellow because he may be 
(in our opinion) a little too active and 
trying to lord it over others, as it were. 
It may be that that is only his way, and 
that after all the interest of the unions 
generally is what is uppermost In his 
mind. — Idaho Unionist. 



ITALY'S QLAS8WORKER8 ON STRIKE 



A c(Mnmunication from Ercole Mariani, 
Secretary ot the Federazione Vetraria 
Italiano, Milan, Italy» states that the glass 
workers of above organization have a 
movements on foot to obtain an equal 
wage scale in the glass works of Italy. 
They request the glass workers of this 
country not to pay any attention to ad- 
vertisements or agents who desire to give 
persons employment in Italy and use 
them as strike breakers. 

The impression of their letter is to the 
effect that a great strike is unavoidable 
and to them it seems that the Italian em- 
ployers will go so far as to Import strike 
breakers, hence their request to warn all 
organized labor to not accept a position 
In Italy. It is the wish that none of our 
Italian members will be lead astray by 
inducements to obtain good jobs in their 
mother country. 



CANNOT STOP LABOR FROM 
ORGANIZING. 



The principle of the strength of union 
dictates and dominates the organization 
of workingmen into unions. It is logical, 
necessary, effective; it is beneflcient, 
benevolent, improving. The principle is 
recognized and understood, approved and 
applauded. The employing Individual or 
the employing corporation that opposes 
operation of this principle, refuses to re- 
cognize it or deal with it, obstructs his 
own welfare, blockades industrial pro- 
gress and menaces society with disturb- 
ance. The man who declines to deal with 
his employes as an organized body stand- 
ing together for the good of each other 
will not for the same reason decline to 
enter into business relations with a cor- 
poration. He cannot. And he must not 
get high and mighty with a labor union. 
Besides, it doesn't pay. 



We do not assert that the trades anion 
movement can land us In heaven or make 
us all millionaires, but we do say it is 
the best form of organization so far de- 
vised by the wisdom of man to better 
the condition of the working class, and 
Tor that reason and by that system of or- 
ganization we stand pat. 



The fundamental principles of the 
trades unionism being right and its ne- 
cessity a demonstrated fact, it seems 
foolish to fear that its enemies can ever 
prevent its growth let alone destroy it. 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. L A. 



The Glass Worker. 



Pnblifllied Montlily by the Amalgamated 

Olaesworken' Xntemational.AoK)- 

dation of America. 

SnIisQKlptoa Bates — One Year, Fifty Centi. 
Six Months, TweDt7-fl76 Cents. Always In 
advance. 

Bdltovtel Aanomieaniant — Comfflanicatlona 
mast reach the office before the 6th day of 
the month preceding the leaue they are to 
appear. The fact that a sterned article is 
published does not commit the Joamal to all 
opinions expressed therein. ContrRmtlOQs 
and items of news concerning the craft and 
the labor movement are requested from our 
readers. Every contribution must be accom- 
panied by the name of the writer — not neces- 
sarily for publication, but as an evidence of 
good faith. 

Send all contributions to . 
WM. FIGOLAH, 55 North Cl^lc Street, 
Chicago, III. 



173 




OENESAL EXECUTIVE BOARD. 



WALTER WEST General President 

108 East 91st Street, New York, N. Y. 

ALFRED PRINCE ..First Vice-President 

22 iHorton Street, Philadelphia, Pa. 

SDW. O. SKINNER..... Second Vice-President 

140 Walton Ave., Cleveland, O. 

BDW. A. MASON Third Vice-President 

44t$ Quincy Street, Dorchester, Mass. 

WM. SWAIN Fourth Vice-President 

457 togtM Avenue. Toronto, Canada 



COMBINE TO FIGHT UNIONS. 



The daily press gives the report that 
the National Association of Maniifao- 
turers. who were in session at the Wal- 
dorf Hotel, New York City, that their 
President, Mr. Jas, W. Van Cleave, ap- 
pointed a committee of thirty-five to con- 
sider ways and means to raise $500,000 
a year for three years or $1,500,000, to 
fight organized labor with, to enforce the 
open shop policy, to oppose boycotts, 
limitation of apprentices and limitation 



of output and oppose the dictation by 
labor unions. 

He also declared that the manufactur- . 
ers must combat the newer issue caused 
by the determination of labor union lead- 
ers to terrorize the president, congress. 
Judges and juries. 

Mr. Van Cleave added: 

"We want to federate the manufac- 
turers of this country to eftectlvely fight 
the industrial oppression. We should 
provide ways and meaius to federate the 
employers of the ooontr^ and to educate 
our manufactiirers to a proper sense of 
their own duty, patriotism and self- 
interests." 

An old saying has it "we learn from 
others" and certainly all trades unionists 
who read the report should take cog- 
nizance of the fact and do likewise in 
the unions. 

There is no further use to preach "har- 
mony of interest, that laborers and 
capitalist are brothers, etc., rot; the 
gauntlet is thrown at us unionists, so let 
us prepare and meet the conditions. He 
wants the manufacturers to dig down 
their pockets and turn over some of that 
surplus wealth, which is produced by the 
worker and turned into dividends, so that 
he and his associates may effectively 
federate the manufacturers, to educate 
them to the proper sense and duty for 
self-interest. What does that self-interest 
nfean. The self-interest of the employers 
mean, since they own the shop, factory, 
mine, mill, means of transportation and 
communication, the land, etc., own the 
products produced by the workers, that 
they, bein« the owners, desire to crush 
all forces which hampers them in the 
least from securing all they possibly can 
squeeze out of the business, which in 
other words means that they want to buy 
labor, (which is the costliest commodity 
in the manufacture of any article), as 
cheap as they possibly can. 

In order to do so they must burst labor 
organizations, for they well know that in 
unions they have an obstacle in their 
path, unions are organized to protect 
the workingman's interest If there were 
no unions, the employing class would 
work men, women and children dread- 
fully, long hours, at a rapid rate, which 
would destroy our health and humanity, 
the working class being the most numer- 
ical, would decline instead of advancing 
towards better conditions. If unions 
were out of existance the employers will 
have an easy time to get, or rather may 
compel, the workers to work for the 
price he set. He knows that by the men 



10 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



having a union that he dare not get to 
smart for they, the workers, may rebel 
and cause strikes. The employers know, 
if they could break up the unions (which 
they never will), they would pick up one 
indlvidiial, should he have courage to 
kick at the conditions of the shop, and 
punish him. He, the employer, knows 
that a union is like a large bundle of 
twigs tied together in one solid bundle; 
he knows he can't break the bundle at 
once, so he wants to establish a condition 
by which he can take one twig at a time 
and this is the open shop. 

How funny it seems — on one hand they 
want to break up the unions, which are 
against their interest, calling jinions a 
gang of conspirators, undesirable people, 
etc., and on the other hand they want to 
federate the manufacturers. Funny, but 
it's true and it Is self-interest. Yon bet 
your life the employers know a good 
thing when it is to their interest. The 
workingroen should only do the same. 
Get together in your unions, stand shoul- 
der to sho'Uder with your fellow workers; 
dig Into your pockets bv paying j-onr 
dues and assessments regularly, remem- 
ber that money invested in the union is 
for your interest. Never mind the 
bosses' intere?Jt — liist watch him. follow 
his example, die: into yo'ir pockets again 
and again, so that organizers mav be put 
into the field to ed^ioate the worker, to 
organize them and then act in unison. 

Certainly. I or vou were not born to do 
nothing but work for Fonie emnloyer to 
make him rioh. Certiinly the phort life 
we live on this planet Fhonld not bp SDent 
to give otb<^rs tbo bpnefit to live in 
luxury, while yci and your wife and 
children am dooT^Pd to o life of drnq;erv. 
Wake up. yon woHvers. wp can mni:e life 
much riloasa'ntor to pij of ns if we only 
get to£?ether n.nd think of o^^r iTit^rest. if 
we a^t together ?nd votp toQ:pth'^r. 

Ah! vote together. What has voting 
got to do with ns ppttin?: o"r l^rearl and 
butter? Evprythins:. You don't believe 
it? What did Vrn Cleane siy to this— 
"the manufacti^rers mn<it combat the 
newer issue cn'i^*^d by the detonuinatlon 
of libor union l^^d?r«? to tprrori^e the 
president, oonsro'-js. .1i^d2:es. and iuries." 
That sounds ns if th^:' were afraid of 
something. What is it? Nothins: more 
than the workineiTien poing to the polls 
and vote for their clnss interest. Yes. 
sir, that is the n^w^r Iss^e. And thev 
have n right to be shocked at the work- 
ingman doing this "uncrateful" act. 

The trade unionists have found out by 
past experience that the political power 



is in the hands of the capitalist class. 
The many strikes in which labor had to 
contend with police, militia and regular 
soldiers, the judge and his injunction, 
and at court were the judges hand the 
unionists a large lemon, all these things 
have, and are bringing labor to think and 
reflect. They see clearer and clearer 
each day the two forces, employers and 
the laborers, organizing ta protect their 
respective interests, and should the 
workers once become conscious of tlieir 
own power, in their unions and at the 
ballot box, capitalism will see the end 
of their finish of ruling society in its 
interest, and in Its place a government 
will be organized, a society based on the 
fundamental principle — to the toilers be- 
long the products of their labor. Em- 
ployers' associations and all other agen- 
cies to uphold the present system of ex- 
ploitation cannot prevent the winning of 
a new order of society. All that is re- 
quired from the workers is to educate 
themselves to their own interest and 
grasp the powers they possess, and one 
of the first steps is to organize. Join the 
union and be an active worker. 



OUR JUDICIARY. 



Again a case has presented itself in 
which the judiciary has assisted the em- 
ploying class to crush organized labor. 
Judge Anderson has issued a permanent 
injunction, upon the request of the Pope 
Motor Car Co.. against the machinists' 
union of Indianapolis, Ind. The injunc- 
tion is a drastic one and among other 
things embodied in the injunction, the 
court charged the machinists' union with 
the costs in the case. The order further 
read that should the defendants fail to 
pay such costs within the time specified, 
an order shall be i«sued to the marshall, 
directing him to levy s'lch costs on the 
property of the defendants, or either, or 
anv of them, subject to execution. 

The court levied on the property of 
one of the members of the machinists* 
union to meet the costs of the injunction. 

If the action of the court is permitted 
to stand, it places in the bands of the 
employers, not only a method whereby 
it would be possible to deplete the treas- 
uries of the unions, but would make it 
possible for unscrupulous employers to 
wreak vengeance upon individual mem- 
bers. Under the ruling of the court no 
man's property would be safe. In other 
words the company asked for an injunc- 
tion, was granted and the men against 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



11 



whom it was issued are compelled to pay 
for it. 

Is not this a funny state of affairs? 
Men go out on strike, knowing that they 
ought to receive a larger share of the 
products of 'their .toil, and because they 
demand this increase in a body, it is 
called conspiracy to obstruct or stop busi- 
ness of an employer. According to this 
ruling, men, in unions, practically are 
prohibited to strike for better conditions. 
It practically means that the strike is 
unlawful and punishable by fines and im- 
prisonment. It means that we, freeborn 
American citizens, have no right to come 
together In peaceful assemblage, we have 
no right to act in unison to secure better 
conditions for ourselves and families, but 
that we must, in order to be peaceable, 
law abiding citizen, accept the terms and 
conditions granted by our masters. 

The aim of the emplojring class is to 
crush the union. Their motto is, "Divide 
and conquer," and to divide the workers, 
they seek the assistance o^ judges that 
are elected 'by the people. The employ- 
ing class have the law on their side be^ 
cause they are in power. When will the 
workers realize to elect their represen- 
, tatives in the law making bodies, when 
will they elect judges to Interpret the 
law to their interest? When, oh, when 
will they do this? 

Of all the prosecution that organized 
labor has met at the hands of the em- 
ploying class and their representatives 
on the bench, it ought to dawn upon the 
minds of the workers that they them- 
selves ought to, elect their representa- 
tives who will interpret the law in their 
interest. 

For the last ten years or imore the con- 
flicts between organized labor and their 
employers has shown that the employers 
shift this conflict over onto the political 
field where organized labor Is weak and 
in fact it has nc show there whatever. 
When the courts can tie up the union's 
funds, when they can levy on the pro- 
perty of individual members, when they 
can put men to jail, because they paid 
strike benefit to members, when an in- 
junction says they can't; it Is high time 
that the trade union movement fortifies 
itself, strengthens itself In the legislative 
and judiciary bodies. 

The organized workers can no longer 
afford to be whipped into submission by 
the courts of this country, and the only 
salvation is that the trade unionists sup- 
port a political party whose platform and 
principles are such that will emancipate 
the working class. The emancipation of 



the working class through trades and 
labor unions alone is impossible, hence 
their need of a political party to support 
the union movement and a union move- 
ment to support a workingman's political 
party. There is no 'other conclusion to 
arrive at. If you don't believe it, just 
place yourself in the position, of this 
machinist, whose property has been 
seized to pay the costs of the Injunction, 
an energetic worker for the cause, must 
pay the penalty, by the court going to 
sell his property to pay the costs of court. 
If this goes through, many small property 
owners will refrain from taking an active 
part in the organization. 



SOME INFORMATION. 



The conditions the Chicago unions have 
to confront is a very hard one to over- 
come, and to overcome it we must and 
we can. if the glass workers of the coun- 
try assist us, by simply keeping away. 

As you well know, the strike that the 
men went through was one of the fiercest 
fought by organized labor. The glass 
manufacturers were backed by the Chi- 
cago Mfr's Ass-n, and employed a Com- 
missioner Webster. The strike practical- 
ly said is off. but the members of the 
mirror workers, art glass workers, and 
sand blast workers decided not to go to 
work for these struck firms, who are now 
on the unfair list. 

The employer retained in their employ 
this Commissioner Webster, and any per- 
son desiring work must go to him to get 
employment. To this no union man wlH 
consent, because when applying for work 
he asks you your pedigree, which a re- 
cord Is kept of; you must renounce your 
aflaiiation with any labor union. He is 
so to say the boss of bosses, as far as 
hiring men are concerned, and it is for 
this reason that no glass worker should 
come and try to obtain work. It Is for 
this reason, that over 100 glass workers 
are mostly working at other callings." 
Below is given an application, which a 
person must fill out before he gets a job. 

Appilcation for Employment. 

Date 

Trade 

Worked last for 

Reason for leaving 

Worked before for ^ 

"Worked before for *. 

Worked before for 

Where you ever discharged by any em- 
ployer 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



If so, why?. 

Name 

Address.. .. 



Employment Card. 
— 1 

Employed by 

Age. ...... Height Weight 

Complexion Nationality 

Married or single . . •. Special Re- 
marks Beard , 

Moustache 

Record. 



Class of Work Wages On Off 



The employers have the workings 
"down pat." You are not a free man 
when hiring out to this commissioner, in 
fact you are a slave, with not chance or 
t>pportunity to work where or for whom 
you please. Should one get work through 
him you are designated where he wants 
you to work; you cannot quit and go to 
any other association shop, without his 
consent, or that of the firm. You are tied 
down to him and your only chance to 
escape him Is to leave town. Should the 
employers of the country bo united In 
such a move, you are a doomed man, 
your skill and ability as a mechanic Is 
nothing to you. So you are compelled. If 
you wish to be a free man, to seek pther 
emplojrment This Is the system the 
members of Chicago are confronting and 
this is the system the men desire to 
break. If It can be broke here, other 
unions in our Int. Ass'n may not have to 
go through a similar experience. 

It is this principle Chicago members 
are still flghJLing; it is they, that although 
the strike is over, refuse to become 
slaves to a master. Assist them by keep- 
ing away from Chicago and especially 
the following unfair firms: 

UNFAIR FIRMS. 



The following firms are unfair to our 
International Association, and members 
are requested not to seek employment 
from them. No firm will be put on this 
unfair list except it has received the 
sanction of the General Executive Board. 
Art Glass Firms: 

Clinton Glass Co. (also beveling), Chi- 
cago, 111! 

Colonial Art Glass Co., Chicago, 111. 

H. Eberhardt & Co., (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 



W. O. Ebert, Chicago, III. 

Flannagan & Bledenweg, (also bevel- 
ing), Chicago, 111. 

uianninl & Hilgart, Chicago, 111., 

W.C. Harder, (also beveling), Chicago, 
111. 

W. H, Helmerich & Co., (also bevel- 
ing), Chicago, 111. 

W. H. Lau & Co., Chicago, 111. 

Linden Glass C^o., (I!hicago, 111. 

Schuler & Mueller, (also beveling), 
Chicago, III. 

Temple Art Glass Co., (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 

Western Sand Blast Co., (also bevel' 
ing and sign work), Chicago, III. 

H. Raphael Co., Los Angeles, Cal. 

Gorham Mfg. Co., New York, N. Y. 

Century Art Glass Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

J. J. Klnsella Glass Co., Chicago, 111., 
and Holland, Mich. 

Mirror and Beveling Firms: 

G. H. Anderson & Co., Chicago, 111. 

Chicago Mirror & Art Glass Co., Chl- 
cg^go, 111. 

French Mirror & Glass Beveling Co., 
Allegan, Mich. 

Galloway Gli^ Co., Chicago, III. 

Herroy & Marriner. Chioago, III. 

J. J. Klnsella Glass Co., Chicago, 111., 
and Holland, Mich. 

Rubin Bro's. Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 

Tyler & Hoppach, Chicago, 111. 



SAME OLD STORY; THE SAME 
ENDING. 



Echoes of the brewery strike of 1903, 
in Columbus, O., are hesfrd in Judge Rath- 
mell's court In the case of Valentine 
$10,000. damages because of an alleged 
Spohn, who is suing Nicholas Schlee for 
breach of contract to give him employ- 
ment for life. 

Spohn sets up the claim that he was a 
a union man when the strike came on 
April 1, 1903, but that, at the solicitation 
of Mr. Schlee and upon his promise to 
work for life, he refused to go out with 
the others, but remained at work in the 
brewery. He was discharged on February 
9, 1905, after the troubles between the 
brewers and their employes had been 
settled. — Columbus Press-Post. 



The impressions of childhood do much 
to shape the thought and course of ma- 
tured life, therefore, teach your children 
the truth and as they grow up they will 
know that it is easier to secure justice 
through combination than single handed. 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



13 





CORRESPONDENCE 


eomm«Bie«tlOBa for th« JOURNAL nMt !»• rm^lrm4 BWPOHB 
th« 8th off tiM month to Inovr* ^«hllGotloo. All eommvnleo- 
tlono ffor th« ,f OURN AL mast bo oeeom^anlod hy tho nomo 
off tbo o«B«lor» and writton only on ono oldo off tho ^nt»«r. 

* : r-, -;-..■ .. ■ •; — r- . -xj^i — -j 



LOCAL No. 2, XKRON, O. 

The strike at the Oohrtng Mfg. Co., 
branch of the Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., 
Is still on. Most of the strikers were 
compelled through financial circumstan- 
ces to seek work out of the business 
which leaves the carryin'g on of the 
strike duties, such as picketing, etc., to 
a very few. Those on picket are doing 
good work by taking the men away as 
fast as the company hires them. Mr. 
Graves, manager of the concern, is tired 
of hiring help which the pickets get out 
so he is after foreigners, having none 
but Hungarians, whom it is hard to 
make understand that they are being 
used as strike-breakers. The company is 
paying them nine dollars a week. If the 
company does not make a success with 
these men there is nothing left but give 
the union men tfieir Just demand. 

The union hereby expresses Its sincere 
thanks to those sister unions that have 
assisted us financially. The following 
dre the locals with the amount received: 
Central Labor TTnlon of Akron, O., $25.00; 
Local No. 20, Kansas City. Mo.. $5.00; 
Local No. 19; Minneapolis, Minn.. Bevel- 
ers. $5.00; Local No. 36, New York, N. Y., 
$5.00; Local No. 60, Ottawa. Ont., $7.00; 
Local No. 15, Bvansvllle. Ind., $2.00; 
Local No, 59. Winnepeg. Man.. $5.00; and 
Local. No. 35, Buffalo, N. Y.. $25.00. 

O. H., LOCAL No. 2. 



FROM KANSAS CITY. 



After one and ope-half days strike of 
the employes of the Kansas City Stained 
Glass Works to re-instate a brother mem- 
ber, who was discharged without notice 
or any reason, the firm came to the con- 
clusion that they were In the wrong. 

This is the first trouble that Local No. 
20 has ever had, which prompted them 
to call the men out of the shop. It was 
some of the men's first experience and 
every man came out on the call, showing ' 
the men are right. 

Everything is now running smoothly. 
There is an' opening for a beveler and a 
metal glazier, address T. J. Poggott, Mt. 
Washington. Mo. 



The union has submitted to the Gen. 
Ehcecutlve Board a set of by-laws, and 
when they are adopted we believe to live 
up to them to the letter. 



The art glass workers of Chicago have 
organized a local of their own, receiving 
the sanction of Lociil No. 1 to do so. 
This move was prompted as conditions 
were such that it was the best policy to 
pursue. All glass workcfrs are requested 
to keep away from Chicago^ as there are 
over 100 members out of the trade at the 
present time. 



Did the glass workers of Cleveland 
attend the open meeting of local No. 29. 
The organizer of the A. F. of L. addressed 
the meeting, showing why you should 
Join the union of your craft Did you 
bring at least one of those that are 
distant to us to the meeting? By so do- 
ing they will be in a position to place 
themselves on a level with other cities. 
Remember, that you, yourselves, make 
the union what it is and not the officers. 
Attend the meetings and make it a grand 
union. 



The members of Local No. 33, Detroit, 
Mich., should get out of that stupor they 
seem to be in. It seems that one man is 
afraid df the other, afraid if they Join a 
union that they would get discharged. 
As long as men are afraid, the employer 
will be to the men as you would be to 
a dog you take a kick at; should he run 
you like to take several kicks, but should 
the dog turn around and show his teeth 
you will make no more passes at him. 
The same Is true of an employer— if you 
show you are a man, the employer will 
treat you as one. and if not your lot will 
get worse. Be men, not like the dog that 
"skidoos," with his tail between his legs. 
Join the union and attend the meetings. 



The Baltimore union No. 37 seems to 
have lost all their ginger, reports show 
that the men are becoming indifferent. 
This IndlfTerence should never come to 
men and especially to those that class 
themselves good union men. The move- 
ment has shown that there are ups and 



14 



THE GLASS WORKER^ Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



downs, but generally speaking it has al- 
ways been advanced. Help push the 
cause along; give at least one or two 
nights to further your Interest, which Is 
that of all other workmen. 



Local No. 45 needs to get hustled up a 
little.' A city like Jackson, Mich., onght 
to be much better than reports indicate. 
Some one ought to get to work and 
arouse some interest or do all the mem- 
bers at Jackson, Mich., think they have 
located their paradise? Every member, 
no matter where situated, should get 
busy and make hay while the sun shines. 



The above is written with good inten* 
tlons and those that have our union's wel- 
fare at heart should try to do all they 
possibly can to agitate the cause for 
which we are organized. Standing still is 
like going backwards, so keep the good 
work moving. All other locals are doing 
good, with few exceptions. 



The financial secretaries are requested 
to not forget to inform members that the 
sinking fund assessments are 25 cents 
every three months, and collect same if 
in arrears to them before crediting pay- 
ments for dues. 



LOCAL No. 44 PROGRESSING. 



Local No. 44. at Toledo, Ohio, is pro- 
gressing and in the future will be heard 
from more often. At the last meeting we 
had election of officers and voted on the 
questions submitted to us from head- 
quarters. The following officers were 
elected for the ensuing term: R. J. 
Howard, Prest: Chas. King, Vice Prest.; 
Fred Boehler, Treas., and Jno. J. Halpin, 
Sec'y. 

Local unions desiring duplicate due 
book must inform the Gen. Sec'y-Treas. 
for whom and the due book number such 
duplicate books are to replace. No due 
book can be sent out unless the fact is 
given. To new initiated members, 50 
cents must accompany each applicant be- 
fore due books are issued. Financial 
secretaries are requested to take note of 
this. 



Read the "Pinkerton Labor Spy," and 
you will then learn how easy it is for 
the manufacturers to get wise to the 
actions of unions and union men, and at 
the same time learn how the mine 
owners and the labor spies worked hand 
in hand* scheming to disrupt the Western 



Federation of Miners; many of the 
"plots" accredited to the W. F. of M. may 
have been the work of the labor spies. 
The book is worth reading, buy it. 



AN EULOGY. 



For the past 12 years we have had in 
our field one Edward G. Skinner, now 
president and treasurer of the E. G. 
Skinner & Co.. glass beveling and silver- 
ing works, Norfolk, Va., who has put 
forth every effort to organize the glass 
workers in Cleveland and in fact every 
place he chanced to be. where men of 
our craft are employed ; in fact, so ardent 
were his eftorts, that he has twice been 
blacklisted and each time was forced to 
seek employment elsewhere, first at a 
machine shop, then for 18 months with a 
dancing master, where he wrestled the 
heavy weights of that art to gain a liveli- 
hood for the three who depended upon 
him. During all this time his every 
thought were with the glass workers, on 
committees or looking after the delin- 
quents (of which we always have some), 
to keep them in line. 

We regret to think he's no more in our 
midst to hold up the banner of justice 
against the greedy slave drivers, but re- 
joice and are glad to know he has risen 
to a higher sphere, where he is employer 
and not an employe. May his aspirations 
of the past be ever fresh in his memory, 
and at all times see the man he employs 
is right with his fellow wofkman; to the 
wealth producer belongs the product of 
his toil or an equivalent thereof. 

But can we wonder that such are his 
every thoughts as his helpmate is ever 
ready to fight for right and always de- 
mands the label on goods she buys. 

In person he is not with us, but his 
facsimile occupies a conspicuous place, to 
keep him fresh in our memory. We all 
join and wish him the highest degree of 
success. 

LOCAL No. 29.— J. F. B. 



WHAT THE "MARKET RATE^ MEANS. 



Capital insists upon its rights to hire 
labor at the market rate. We all know 
what this means. The "market rate'* is 
always below the rate at which men are 
holding their jobs, no matter how low 
that rate may be, so long as there are 
men out of employment. This Is not a 
theory: it is a condition. If it be granted 
that every man has a right to work 
where, when and for what wages he will, 
without restraint, it is easy to see where 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



15 



the laboring man would come out. At 
the present time the condition of unaffi- 
liated labor is not so noticeable, because 
trades unions have set up a standard of 
wages and the non-union man benefits 
thereby. — Michigan Union Advocate. 



ists, and there is nothing they cannot 
attain. 



THE AMERICAN BUREAU OF INDUS- 
TRIAL RESEARCH. 



The American Bureau of Industrial Re- 
search, under the direction of Professors 
Richard T. Ely and John R. Commons of 
the University of Wisconsin, is now at 
work upon a careful history of industrial 
democracy in America. The University 
of Wisconsin and the Historical Library 
. are co-operating in this undertaking. The 
Library has furnished accommodations in 
its large, modem, strictly fire-proof build- 
ing, where all material is catalogued and 
stored in such manner as to be available 
for students and investigators at all 
times. The Bureau desires to secure the 
following missing numbers of The Glass 
Worker, Vol. I, entire; Vol. 11, numbers 
2, 3, 7, and 8. 

Anyone having in his possession, or 
knowing of these, or any other material 
bearing upon the subject, is requested to 
communicate with the American Bureau 
of Industrial Research, Madison, Wis. 

The readers of this Journal are remind- 
ed of the frequent loss, by fire and other 
causes, of valuable records and publica- 
tions when kept in thef ordinary dwelling 
house. The American Bureau of Indus- 
trial Research is doing a valuable service 
to the country in thus providing for 
systematic preservation of labor materi- 
al. Co-operation in this work on the part 
of all interested In the labor movement 
cannot be too strongly urged. 



William Lonergan and seven other 
members of the Electrotypers* Union of 
Brooklyn. N. Y., defendants in an action 
by the Star Exchange Company to re- 
cover $4,000 damages on an alleged 
breach of agreement in leaving its em- 
ployment to engage in a strike, have won 
the appeal taken by the company to the 
Supreme Court of that state, which de- 
cided that the agreement of the union 
was not binding upon its members and 
could not be enforced. 



Three busy, conscientious union men 
in any local are better than a hundred 
drones who are lazy, apathetic and care- 
less. Give us the whole hundred of them 
busy, conscientious and true trade union- 



Who ever heard of a union "busting 
up" from the opposition which it met 
from the outside? No one. Every union 
which has ceased to exist did so because 
the members on the inside willed it, not 
intentionally perhaps, but their failure to 
do their part was the primary and the 
principal cause. As long as a union is 
strong within itself no power on earth 
can break It. Defeats without number 
may beset them, but when strong within 
themselves they have no effect. When 
weakness asserts itself, however, the end 
is only a matter of time and Its demise Is 
sure to follow. 



'PITTSBURG" DUPLICITY. 



It is quite evident that the Pittsburg 
Plate Glass Co. is an enemy to organized 
labor and constantly at war with its em- 
ployes. 

The fine Italian hand of its Gen*l Mana- 
ger, C. W. Brown, can be distinguished 
quite readily by giving instructions to 
his local managers of a deceitful nature, 
to pretend to be friendly to the union and 
secretly to knife it in the back by advis- 
ing its employes to keep out of the union. 
This kind of double dealing may work 
well for a limited time, but eventually 
their tricks are discovered and exposed. 
By false promises we have waited nine 
months (since last September) for this 
Pittsburg concern to sign the agreement 
which all other firms have done except 
the Pittsburg. 

The undesirable reputation that this 
firm is getting troughout the building 
trades is hardly to be desired for future 
business and fair dealing. It may pay 
the Pittsburg Plate Glass Co. to consider 
whether this kind of management is to 
their best interest or otherwise. 

A loss of business and reputation may 
more than equal a fair wage scale to em- 
ployes. 

EXPERT. 



HELP WANTED. 

Wanted one Rougher, one Smoother and 
one all around Beyeler must be A No.l men 
Good Pay and Steady Work. 
None but Union men need apply. Address : 

Oakland Kirror & Glass Beveling Works 

368 6th Street. Oakland, Cal. 



16 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



LEAVE THEM OUTSIE>E. 

By Ella Wheeler Wilcox. 

Don't bring them into the lodge room. 

Anger and spite and pride; 
Drop at the gate of the temple 

The strife of the world outside. 
Forget all your cares and trials, 

Forget every selfish sorrow, 
And remember the cause you met for, 

And haste ye the glad to-morrow. 

Drop at the gate of the temple 

E3nyy and spite and gld6m; 
Don't bring personal quarrels 

And discord into the room. 
Forget the slights of a sister, 

Forget the wrongs of a brother, 
And remember the new commandment, 

That ye love one another. 

Bring your heart into the lodge room, 

But leave yourself outside — 
That is, your personal feelings. 

Ambition, vanity, pride. 
Center each thought and power 

On the cause for which you assemble; 
Fetter the demon Discord 

'And iziake ye the monster tremble. 

Ah, to fetter and chain him. 

And cast him under your feet. 
That is the end we aim at. 

The object for which we meet. 
Then don't bring into the lodge room 

Envy or strife or pride, 
Or aught that will mar our union, 

But leave them all outside. 



TO ORGANIZED LABOR. 



The members of this union, 155 in num- 
ber, 80 per cent of whom are girls and 
women, asked their employers to grant 
them the eight-hour day, to go into effect 
on May 1st. This request was ignored, 
as was also an invitation to a conference. 
The in em hers then went on strike, and 
with the exception of five, who have 
violated their obligation and deserted us, 
are still gallantly holding out. 

A regular system of picketing is main- 
tained, in watches of four hours each, all 
of whom are doing effective work. Not a 
harsh word has been spoken to the few 
who have taken our places, while, on the 
other hand the strike-breakers and the 
BAKXi snofsvooo snojamna no sjoXoidmo 
applied opprobrious and vile epithets to 
our members in order to provoke a dis- 
turbance if possible, so that they might 



have an excuse to apply for an injunc- 
tion. This, owing to the cool judgment 
of our pickets, they have so far been un- 
able to do. The strike-breakers, some of 
whom are young girls, are debauched 
with liquor so that at times they go 
staggering along; the street. These are 
only a few of the hardships that our 
devoted band has to contend with, yet 
they are loyally doing their best from 
day to day to win their fight. 

In the meantime two of the members 
have bought a small laundry that, by 
running three shifts, will give employ- 
ment to about one-third of those on 
strike. But the most significant fact is 
that a co-operative movement has been 
started to establish a plant of their own, 
to be known as "The Eight-Hour Union 
Laundry Association." These enterprises 
have been 'Very successful in other cities, 
and can be made so here. Trade union- 
ists all over the city are taking as much 
stock ^s they can afford. It is expected 
that the new plant will be in operation 
in about ninety days. In the meantime 
our treasury is running low. Suitable 
work for these girls is not always easily 
secured. The pickets must be maintain- 
ed. This requires some money, as many 
of you from experience already know. 
Can you afford to assist these girls to 
continue their valiant and noble fight? 
They are not asking for any more wages. 
They are only asking for the eight-hour 
day. Is not anyone (particularly a wo- 
man) who stands over a hot machine In 
a hot climate for that length of time 
entitled to a rest? If you can donate 
something from your treasury in behalf 
of these girls who are doing all that they 
can to help themselves, we feel sure that 
you will have given it to a good cause. 
With high hopes for ultimate success and 
best wishes for the great movement in 
which we are all engaged we are. 
Fraternally yours, 
SHIRT WAIST AND LAUNDRY 
WORKERS UNION, 

Jenny M. Tryon, Sec'y. 
Sacramento, Cal. 

Endorsed by Fedel'ated Trades Council, 
Building Trades Council and California 
State Federation of Labor. 



Don't be ashamed of being a member 
of your union. Members of congress and 
of many professions at all opportune 
times proudly boast of their connection 
with some union in the past, while those 
who were scabs discreetly hang their 
heads. 



ROSTER OF SECRETARIES OF LOCAL UNIONS. 



We call special attention of all Secretarlea 
to their reepectlve Locals. pablUhed herewltli. 
and should th^re be any errors in same we will 
consider It a favor if you will notify headquar- 
ters at once, so that it may be published cor- 
rectly in the next issue. 



Local No. 1, Chicago. 111.— Chris. Gertsch 
55 N. Clark Street, Meets every Friday at 
55 North Clark street. 



Local No. 2, Akron, O. — J. Bollinger, 
731 Yale St. 



Local No. 4.— ( 'hicago, 111.— (Art Glass) 
Meets 2nd and 4th Friday, 55 N. Clark St., 
F. B. Meyr, 626 W. Slst PI. 

Local No. e, St. LoiiiB, Mo.— F. Y. 
Schmidt, 3149 Morgan Ford road« 



Local No. 7, Richmond, Va. — Max 
Goetze. 312 So. Harrison St. 



Local No. 8, Minneapolis, Minn.— D. E. 
Bushy, 1426 2oth Ave. No. 

Local No. 9 (Art Glass), Cincinnati, O. — 
Edw. Riordan. 7th & Park Ave., Newport, 
Ky. 

Local No. lO, Grand Rapids, Mich.— 
R. A. Conner, 271 So. Front St. 



Local No. 11, Montreal. Canada, (Art. 
QIass)S. Dandy. 950 Bern bt. 

Local No. 12, Paterscn, N. J.— H. D. 
Simonton, 250 Straight 8t 



Local No. 14, Rockford, 111.— A. Person, 
512 7th Street. 



Local No. 15, EvansTiUe, Ind. (BctcI- 
ers), — Peter Dewes, Jr., 421 Florence St. 

Local No. 17, Los Angeles, Cal. — ^Enoch 
Neerman, P. O. Station P. 



Loca No. 19, Minneapolis, Minn., (Bevel- 
ers)— A. Sinionson, 3018 28rd Ave. So. 



Local No. 20, Kansas City, Mo. — Thos. 
J. Piggott, Mt. Washington, Mo. 



Local No. 21, Toronto, Canada.— W. G. 
Parker, 68 Sunamerhill Aye. 



Local No. 25. New York, N. Y., (Bevelers) 
8 Baxter St. 



Local No. 26, Philadelphia, Fa. (B«Tel- 
ers).— All Prince, 221 Horton St. 



Local No. 27, Davenport, loWa. — L. 
Kellerman, 614 Scott St. 



Local No. 28, Boston, Mass. (Art Qlaii). 



Local No. 29, Cleveland, O.— Ed. Skinner, 
3010 Walton Ave. 



Local No. 33, Detroit, Mich. — Chas. 
Tyrrell, 762 15th St. 



Local No. 35, Buffalo, N. Y.— S. ViUigan. 
80 Lathrop Street. 



Local No. 36, New York, N. Y. (Art 
Glass).— W. H. Crothers, 221 E. Slst St. 



Local No. 37, Baltimore, Md.— J. Michel* 
man, 413 North Lnzeme street. 



Local No. 41, Philadelphia, Pa. (Art 
Glass).— Chas. Roome Jr., 1268 So. 27th St. 



Local 44, Toledo. Ohio— J. J. Halpin, 
584 Oliver St. 



Local No. 45, Jackson, Mich. — J. Murta, 
113 W.CarrSt. 



Local No. 47, Rochester, N. Y.— Geo. 
Woods, 31 Delaware St. 



Local No. 53, Denver, Col.— J. E. Carlin, 
8129 W. 25th St. 



Local No. 56, New Orleans, La.— E. 
Buhler. 410 Bourbon St. 



Local No. 58, Saginaw, Mich. — H. 
Vollmar, 1913 W. Genesee St. 



Local No. 59, Winnepeg. Manitoba,— 
A. Dodd. Weldon Blk. 



Local No. 60. Ottawa, Ont., Canada.— 
G. A. Reid, 658 Gihnully St. 



Local No. 61, Norfolk, Va.— F. H. Wood, 
Pochantos Ave. 







THE. 

(ilASS WORKER 

OirrCMLORGAAT 

]AMAL.GL7\SS WORKERS INT. ASSN. 







• •• M. mk Cf9 



GLASS WORKER 

OFFICIAL ORGAN 

AMAL. GLASS WORKERS INT. ASS'N. 

Entered September 16, 1902. at Chicago, Dl. as aeoond-olaaa matter, qnder Act of July 16, 1894 



Volume 4 



AUGUST 1907 



No. 48 



BENEFIT OF ORGANIZATION. 



What It Has Done — More Could Be Accomplished if Members Were More Active. 



By E. P. Marsh. 

This is an age of looking forward. With 
faces ever scanning the horizon of the 
future, longing for that tomorrow which 
shall hring our bark safe to port laden 
with the good things of life, we have 
scant time to delve into the dim and 
misty past. But the deeds of yesterday 
brought forth the events of the present, 
and our actions now will be the history 
of tomorrow; so if you will with- me 
throw back in fancy the doors which seal 
the past, we may find something which 
will strengthen our courage in the pre- 
sent day fight for the betterment of the 
workers. 

What has mankind been doing In all 
ages to lighten the curde of hard manual 
toil without due recompense, which has 
been its portion since Adam received his 
sentence away back there in the garden 
of Eden, "In the sweat of thy brow shalt 
thou eat bread?" The struggle for exist- 
ence of the many, while surrounded by 
the opulence and oppressiveness of the 
few, has been the dark blot on the page 
of history since the days of primeval 
man. There has always existed an aris- 
tocracy which fattened on the toil of 
their brothers, who were created in a like 
image, but destined to live a far distant 
life. There has always been a "common 
people" who "labored that they might 
eat, tasted the bitter but not the sweet." 
This has been life's tragedy — one toiling, 
another loafing. 

There is an adage that "there is noth- 
ing new under the sun/' and so long ago 
it was borne into the minds of the work- 
ers that organization was their only hope 
of self betterment, and so in those far off 
days came labor unions. Now I hear 
some critic jumping up to dispute this 



assertion. All right, friend, what is a 
labor union? It doesn't require a college 
education to define it. A banding to- 
gether of working men and women into 
an organization having for its object the 
part of which they produce which shall 
enable them to live decently and comfort- 
ably, and to attain this end by lawful and 
moral means. 

The children of Israel under the bond- 
age of Pharoah formed one of the earliest 
labor unions. Moses was the great "labor 
agitator'* of that day. and you may be 
sure was most cordially hated by the 
Egyptian aristocracy, who lived in luxury 
from the blood money of the Israelites. 
These people were in the most abject 
servitude when the great "law giver" 
came among them and convinced his 
people that by united action they might 
be freed. The day came when they were 
delivered and you may put a pin h«re, 
they stuck together as one man. Th^^re 
were no renegades or scabs among the^e 
people. 

Both sacred and profane history ma'^^e 
mention of the workers employed on 
Solomon's Temple. This was possibly tho 
most notable and most beautiful struct^'^-p 
ever erected in ancient times. Ma*^" 
years were spent in Its construction S'^^ 
the then known world was searched '-*'* 
the most beautiful woods and granl* " 
and the most skilled artisans. His^ "" 
tells us that these workmen were tb -^ 
oughly organized, and the Masonic or 
of today points back with pride to f 
origin of their grand order — the hum' 
builders of Solomon's Temple. 

Coming down to what is known 
history as the beginning of the "Christ 
Era." we find Palestine with a multit* 
of carpenters' guilds — labor unions — p 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



Christ, the great commoner, who stood at 
the carpenter's bench from mom till 
nl^t, was doubtless an enthusiastic 
member of one of the guilds, for his 
every act and word was in favor of the 
common people as against the domineer- 
ing plutocrats of that age. "Is not the 
laborer worthy of his hire," came from 
the lips of the lowly Nazarene, pregnant 
with meaning. 

So we find that in every age and every 
clime, the working people have felt the 
necessity of banding together for mutual 
protection. Whether the means used 
were labor unions, or not, the principle 
actuating them was the same — organiza- 
tion. They learned the lesson early, that 
a unit accomplishes little, but that a 
banding together of several units be- 
comes a power that is not to be despised. 

In early English history, we find King 
John and his baroaa and nobles in ab- 
solute possession of all the land of that 
kingdom. The common people were in 
serfdom and unable to obtain a foot of 
earth for their own. from which they 
might wring a subsistence. They felt the 
clanking of the chains of poverty and 
misery as they were drawn ever tighter 
upon them by these lords of the soil. 
Then began an agitation among these 
poor serfs,* a drawing together of the 
working people, which grew from a 
simple murmur of discontent Mnto an 
angry roar of protest, which finally reach- 
ed the ears of the haughty king upon the 
throne and shook the English nobility to 
the very centre. The result: Under the 
Charter Oak was signed the Magna 
Charta which changed the whole current 
of the world, and gave the land back to 
th^ men to whom It rightfully belonged, 
and by creating a body of free holders 
paved the way for Ehi gland's greatness. 
United action. Very possibly there were 
at that period some men who refused to 
join this popular agitation for fear they 
would "lose their jobs" but who led the 
procession in the wild scramble for land 
when the trick was turned. It is reason- 
able to suppose, human nature always 
being the same, that such cattle existed 
then as now. 

Coming up to oiu* own time let us look 
for a few moments at the conditions of 
terror, the French Commune. France for 
years had been drained of her life blood, 
her lands despoiled and her people beg- 
gared, that the nobility might live a life 
of Idleness and luxury. A reign of profli- 
gacy existed among these aristocrats, 
which ancient' Rome in her worst days 
never surpassed. The peasantry and 



workers of France were treated «s so 
many vermin, their homes destroyed, 
their women debauched, while the ruling 
class in their Paris mansions revelled In 
every known vice. But the germ of 
organization took root among these 
ground down masses. They came to- 
gether into one compact . mass of men 
made desperate by their wrongs and 
ready for vengeance. The frivolous gang 
that polluted France with their camlTal 
of brutal revelry, failed to hear the mat- 
terings of the coming storm, and aw<^e 
one morning to pay the penalty for their 
heartless crimes, and for many a day the 
torch, the sword, the prison and the guil- 
lotine bore testimony to the wrongs the 
common people had so long endured. The 
secret of this uprising was organization, 
and from its irresistable force, French 
monarchy went into oblivion. We cannot 
but deplore the violence of these days, 
and we hope their like may never come 
again, but it emphasizes what a wronged 
and desperate people can do, and what 
a power there is in a compact mass, look- 
ing towards a common goal with a com- 
mon impulse. . 

I might fill this paper with stories of 
the sufferings of a bygone people, and 
how through organization they bettered 
their condition. The secret of all popular 
movements of earth's toilers has been a 
unity of purpose and a hanging together. 
Organization is not new but is as old as 
history. The lesson for us to learn today 
is that only in united action and a unity 
of purpose can we in . our day achieve 
industrial independence. We are simply 
finding out what they learned when the 
world was young, thafr there is strength 
in numbers. You can take a single twig 
In your hands and break it with very 
little effort. But put a score of them to- 
gether and they will resist your utmost 
strength. A single strand of hemp may 
be snapped asunder like the bursting of a 
bubble, but several strands woven into a 
rope become possessed of mighty power. 
So it is with us. but there must be no 
weak strands. To accomplish anything 
we must work together. There may be a 
hundred of us in a union. Ninety-nine 
may stand together solid as a rock, but 
let the other one man begin to pull back- 
wark, kick and grumble, and in a little 
while others become affected and the 
seed of discontent will grow until what 
was once a compact mass, becomes a 
crumbling, disintegrating body of malcon- 
tents, and our xK>wer is gone. 

So at the risk of becoming tiresome. I 
want to reiterate this warning, stick to> 



THE GLASS WO^UQSR, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



£:ether. Only in that way have th^ com- 
mon people in the past history accom- 
plished anything. So get Into the move- 
ment. Don't he an off-ox. You haven't 
done your whole duty when you have 
paid your dues. Not by a long shot. 
You have said to the world when you 
took, out a union card that you believed 
in organization. Prove it. Live it. Are 
things going wrong in the union? Get in 
and set them right. Are you discouraged 
over the outlook? Get busy then to help 
those who are trying to lighten your 
burden, and you will find the discourage- 
ment will vanish in your zeal as you get 



interested in the work. Don't leave all 
the work to your officers. Don't stand on 
the comer and discourse eloquently on 
how the union should be run, but come 
down to the meeting and demonstrate 
your theories and your officers will bo 
grateful for your suggestion. 

The employers are organized to protect 
their interests, and are they wiser than 
we? They are alert and watchful, shall 
we sleep? So take the lesson of self- 
protection home, and get into the organ- 
ization that protects your interests and 
make one of the great army of intelligent, 
loyal workmen. 



W. D. HAYWOOD ACQUITTED. 



The Verdict Comes On Sunday Morning. — Moyer Out On Bail. 



W. D. Haywood is a free man. After, 
eighteen months in Jail and eleven weeks 
of nerve racking legal inquisitions, he 
walks out as a free man, July 28. 

His vindication came from twelve plain 
Idaho farmers, all over 50 years of age 
except one, after twenty-one hours of 
deliberation. The verdict was — "we. the 
jury, find the defendent. W. D. Haywood, 
not guilty." 

It came as a surprise to all. Many 
thought that a disagreement was the best 
that could be expected. Haywood's first 
thought, after the hand-shaking with his 
lawyers and the jurors, was of his mother 
who suffered a complete nervous break- 
down. From there he proceeded to his 
wife's and daughter's place of abode, and 
thence to visit, at the hospital, one of the 
W. F. of M.'s attorneys, a Mr. John 
Murphy, who cannot live much longer; 
he being afflicted with consumption. 

The sight in the court room was very 
touching. The jurors and lawyers, and 
Haywood himself had tears in their eyes 
for joy that he again is a free man. Hay- 
wood will take up his duties as Gen. 
Sec'y-Treas. of the. organization which 
the mine owners would like to destroy, 
and they thought by implicating the offi- 
cials with cpnspiracy to murder was the 
best way to do it. In this they have been 
foiled. 

Pres. Moyer, whom the prosecuting 
attorneys admit they have the least case 
against, was let out on $25,000 cash bond 
furnished by one of the affiliated unions 
at Butte, Montana. This local thought it 
an honor to do so; they having at least 
from $125,000 to $140,000 in their treas- 
ury. Pettlbone, the other member, was 



refused bail and his trial set for Oct. 1. 

This is how some of the jury men felt: 

S. F. Russell, No. 1 — Haywood was not 
shown to be guilty. If the defense had, 
not put in any evidence the verdict would 
have been the same; it was impossible 
under the instructions to connect Hay- 
wood with the conspiracy alleged by the 
state. 

Thomas B. Gess, Foreman — I thought 
at first that it was possible to convict un- 
der the court's instructions, but I became 
convinced by further study of them that 
it was impossible. 

I, A. Robertson, No. 9 — No man here 
knew or loved Frank Steunenberg better 
than I, but you can't hang a man on that 
evidence, and I would never vote for it. 

Flnley M'Bean, No. 2—The judge's 
charge had a good deal to do with our 
decision. Unquestionably it came near 
deciding us. 

Samuel D. Oilman, No. 3— It was not 
any particular part of the instructions 
that influenced the jurors, but their gen- 
eral tone as a whole which convinced 
the jury that they ought to acquit. 

O. V. Sebern, No. 6 — I would not hang 
the devil on the testimony of Harry 
Orchard. 

The attorneys expressed themselves as 
follows: 

Clarence Darrow — "The trial has been 
fair, the judge impartial, and counsel con- 
siderate. We have no complaint to make. 
I do not desire to be understood as wish- 
ing to reflect upon the integrity of the 
state or the people of Idaho. Had I been 
governor at the time Steunenberg was 
murdered and had the evldei^ce been 
brought to me that was brought to the 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Orea? of A. G. W. I. A. 



governor of this state. I would h&ve done 
probably Just what Gov. Gooding has 
done. 

"Senator Borah has conducted his part 
of the case with marked fairness and 
with ability unsurpassed by counsel In 
any great murder trial in this country. 

"I am naturally glad that Haywood has 
been acquitted and I am glad that the 
cause of labor has been advanced." 

Atfy F. S. Richardson — "We have had 
a fair trial. We have had an impartial 
and conscientious Judge and an impartial 
and conscientious Judge. 

"We have had the most vigorous and 
effective counsel opposed to us that it has 
ever been my fortune to meet. They have 
at all times been fair. 

"The defendant has no complaint to 
make, nor have his counsel. Idaho has 
fulfill, and when it was decided to cloce 
covered herself with glory." 

Senator Borah, attorney for the prose- 
cution — "I have no comment to make 
other than twelve good men and true men 
of the state of Idaho have passed upon 
the case, and that disposes of it so far as 
the state of Idaho and Haywood are con- 
cerned. 

"The prosecution of the other men in- 
dicted will be pushed vigorously and with- 
out any reference to the Haywood trial." 

W. D. Haywood expresses his thanks as 
follows: 

"I appreciate the support of the work- 
ing class extended to us by workingmen 
throughout the country. I hope to be 
able during the coming year to personally 
express that appreciation. I have no 
feel nor ill will toward any person; I am 
charitable toward all. ^y intention is to 
go back to Denver and take up my work 
where I left off when I was placed under 
arrest. 

"I do appreciate the kindness and con- 
sideration with which my family has been 
treated by the people of Boise. I do ap- 
preciate, and in so stating, express the 
sentiments of my companions in Jail, the 
courtesies extended to us by Sheriff Hod- 
gins, former Sheriff Moseley. and his 
deputies. 



"As to the outcome of the trial, I have 
never had any fear, and would have ex- 
pressed yesterday the same belief I ex- 
pressed when first arrested; that, is. that 
with* a fair trial and an impartial jury the 
verdict would be such as has been given 
to the country. 

"Senator Borah treated me most fairly, 
and I appreciate it. Judge Wood was 
eminently fair to me, and I have extended 
to him my thanks for his treatment of me 
during the ordeal of this trial. I do not 
in any way blame Gov. Gooding for the 
position he took. 

"In closing I wish to express apprecia- 
tion of the wonderful support given to 
me by the presence in the courtroom 
during the trial of the representatives of 
labor, industrial, and political organiza- 
Uons." 

Orchard, the self-confessed murderer, 
bigamist, wife-deserter, fraud, cheat and 
Pinkerton spy, has this to say: 

"I have nothing to reproach myself 
with. I have told the truth in the inter- 
est of justice, and that is all there was 
for me to do. But I am tired of the strain 
and suspense, and 1 hope my trial will be 
set quickly. I am anxious to have it 
over with and am ready to meet the 
penalty for what I have done." 
• • • 

It is believed, since Haywood is set 
free, that the cases against Moyer and 
Pettibone may not come up for trial. It 
seems that the mine owners, the politi- 
cians, and the Pinkerton agency liave re- 
ceived a body blow which they will not 
get over for some time. 

The speech of Clarence Darrow is well 
worth reading, and the Journal may print 
his speech which practically gives a 
history of the case and which ought to 
throw a great light upon the machination 
of the employers' association to destroy 
labor unions. 

The acquittal of Haywood is a victory 
for organized labor,. and a defeat for Par- 
ryism. Van Cleaveism, Pinkertonism, and 
Ehnployers' Association anti-unionism. 



Fire Marshal Horan, of Chicago, has 
Issr.ed an order forbidding men of his 
department from wearing union buttons 
while on duty. This was done at the 
direction of Mayor Busse. who was elect- 
ed as a "worklngmen's friend," and who 
is also attempting to destroy the Teach- 
er's Federation at the best of the big 
capitalists. 



Workingmen who read glowing adver- 
tisements in the newspapers of high 
wages paid in Western states should he 
careful about imigrating before making: 
investigations. In places that are adver- 
tised as paying $3 a day men have been 
offered $1.85 when they arrived. * 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



STRIKES AND LOCKOUTS IN THE 
UNITED STATES, 1881 TO 1905. 



The industries of the United States suf- 
fered less from strikes during the year 
1905 than In any year since 1892, if the 
number of strikes and the duration of 
the strikes "be taken as a measure. In 
that year 221.686 employees were thrown 
out of work by 2,077 strikes undertaken 
by 176,337 strikers in 8.292 establish- 
ments, and lasting an average of 23.1 
days in each establishment involved. 

These favorable industrial conditions 
as regards strikes during 1905 were ap- 
parently exceptional, and can not be as- 
sumed to indicate any lasting tendency 
toward industrial peace, for the preceding 
period of six years (1899 to 1904) was a 
period of extraordinary Industrial strife, 
and the number of employees thrown out 
of work by strikes in each of the four 
years (1901 to 1904) exceeded the number 
thrown out of work in any year on record 
save 1894. 

The year 1894 stands out in the history 
of the cotmtry as the year most notable 
for the great number of workers thrown 
out of work by strikes, over 660,000 em- 
ployees being thrown out of work by 
1,349 strikes undertaken by 505,049 strik- 
ers in 8.196 establishments, and lasting 
an average of 32.4 days in each establish- 
ment involved. In both 1902 and 1903 
the number of employees thrown out of 
work by strikes was slightly less and the 
average duration somewhat shorter, al- 
though the number of establishments in- 
volved in. 1903 was 6,000 greater than 
ever before, reaching 20,248. 

These facts are brought out in the 
Twenty-first Annual Report of the Bureau 
of Labor of the Department of Commerce 
and Labor, devoted to strikes and lock- 
outs in the United States during the 
twentv-flve year period 1881 to 1905, Just 
Issued. 

The total number of strikes in the 
Vnited States during this period of 
twentv-five years was 36,757 and of lock- 
outs 1.546, or 38,303 labor disturbances of 
both kinds. Strikes occurred in 181,407 
establishments and lockouts in 18,547 
establishments, making a total of 199,954 
establishments in which these interrup- 
tions of work occurred. 

The total number of persons who went 
out on strike during the twenty-five years 
was 6,728.048. and the number of persons 
locked out was 716,231. making a total of 
7.444,279 employees striking and locked 
out. 



Employees Thrown Out of Work. 

Because of the dependence of one oc- 
cupation upon another in the same estab- 
lishment, the stopping of work by strikers 
and employees locked out in one or more 
occupations often makes it impossible for 
fellow-employees in other occupations to 
continue work. The total number of em- 
ployees, Including strikers, thrown out 
of work by strikes was 8,703.824, and the 
number thrown out of work by lockouts 
was 825,610, or a total of 9,529,434 em- 
ployees thrown out of work in the estab- 
lishments immediately involved in strikes 
and lockouts. These figures do not in- 
clude any employees thrown out of work 
in the many establishments not imme- 
diately involved in the strikes and lock- 
outs, but dependent in one way or an- 
other on the establishments involves, as 
for material, power, etc. 

Over 90 per cent of all those thrown 
out of work by strikes were males and 
only 9.43 per cent females. In lockouts 
84.18 per cent of the employees thrown 
out of work were males and 15.82 per 
cent females. 

Duration of Strikes. 

The average duration of strikes per 
establishment was 25.4 days and of lock- 
outs 84.6 days. The strike or lockout 
does not, of course, always result in the 
closiftg of the establishments involved, 
but 61.38 per cent of all establishments 
involved, or 111,343, were closed an aver- 
age of 20.1 davs. In lockouts 68.25 per 
cent of all establishments involved, or 
12,658, were closed an average of 40.4 
days. 

industries Mo?t Affected. 

The greatest number of strikes in any 
one industry was in the building trades, 
which had 26.02 per cent of all strikes 
and 38.53 per cent of all the establish- 
ments involved in strikes. In the coal 
and coke industry were 9.08 per cent of 
all strikes and 9.39 per cent of all estab- 
lishments involved in strikes. This lat- 
ter industry had more strikers and more 
employees thrown out of work by strikes 
than any other industry. The building 
trades were second in order in both these 
respects, with the men's clothing and 
iron and steel industries next. In lock- 
outs the building trades led all other 
Industries, having 16.49 per cent of all 
lockouts, more than one-half of all the 
establishments involved, and about 30 
per cent of all the employees locked out 
and of persons thrown out of work. 
States Most Affected. 

Employees and employers who are con- 
centrated in the great industrial States 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. L A. 



are more prone to engage in atrikes and 
lockoats than those throughout the coun- 
try generally. Thus the Are states — New 
York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Massachu- 
setts and Ohio— had 63.46 per cent of all 
strikes and69.44 per cent of all strikes 
and 69.44 per cent of all establishments 
involved in strikes, 56.22 per cent of all 
lockouts and 77.99 per cent of all estab- 
lishments involved in lockouts, although 
these five states had only 45 per cent of 
all the manufacturing establishments of 
the country in 1900. 

Strikes of Organized Labor. 

The importance of the part that organ- 
ized labor plays in strikes is indicated 
by the fact that of the total number of 
strikes in twenty-five years 68.99 per cent 
were ordered by labor organizations, and 
the strikes so ordered Included 90.34 per 
cent of all establishments involved in 
strikes, 79.69 per cent of all strikers, and 
77.45 per cent of all employees thrown 
out of work in establishments involved 
in strikes. 

More Strikes Succeed Than Faii. 

Employees who went on strike suc- 
ceeded more often than they failed. They 
succeeded in winning all the demands 
for which strikes were undertakn in 47.94 
per cent of the establishments, succeeded 
partly in 15.28 per cent, and in only 36.78 
per cent of the establishments did they 
fail entirely to win any of their demands. 
On the other hand, the employers, when 
they took the Initiative and locked out 
their employees, succeeded more often 
than they failed. Lockouts resulted whol- 
ly in favor of employers in 57.20 per cent 
of the establishments involved, succeeded 
partly in 10.71 per cent, and failed en- 
tirely in 32.09 per cent of the establish- 
ments. 

Strikes' of Organized Labor Most 
Succet?ful. 

The strikes which were ordered by la 
bor organizations wpre much more gener- 
ally successful than those not so ordered 
Thus, strikes ordered by labor organiza- 
tions were wholly successful in 49.48 per 
cent of the establishments involved, part 
ly successful in 15.87 ner cent, and failed 
entirely In only 34.65 per cent of the 
establishments. On the other hand 
strikes not ordered by labor organizations 
were wholly successful in but 33.86 per 
cent of the establishments involved, part- 
ly successful in 9.83 per cent, and failed 
entirely in 56.31 per cent of the estab- 
lishments. 

Leading Causes. 

During the twenty-five year period cov- 
ered by the investigation of the Bureau 



of Labor 40.72 per cent of all strikes 
were undertaken for increase of wages, 
either alone or in combination with some 
other cause, and 32.24 per cent were tor 
increase of wages alone. Disputes con> 
cerning the recognition of union and 
union rules, either alone or in combina- 
tion with some other cause, produced 
23.35 per cent of all strikes and were 
the sole cause of 18.84 per cenL A 
reduction of wages was the cause, wholly 
or in part, of 11.90 per cent of the strikes, 
and 9.78 per cent were to enforce de- 
mands for a reduction of hours. Only 
3.74 per cent of tiie strikes were sym- 
pathetic. 

Of the total number of establishments 
involved in strikes 57.91 per cent were 
involved in strikes undertaken wholly or 
in part to enforce demands for increase 
of wages. 

The most important cause of lockouts 
was disputes concerning recognition of 
union and union rules and employers' 
organization, which alone and combined 
with other causes produced nearly one- 
half of all lockouts and included more 
than one-half of all establishments in- 
volved in lockouts. 

The percentage of strikes for each of 
the leading causes has varied largely 
from year to year, but In every year save 
1884 and 1904 strikes for increase of 
wages have outnumbered those for any 
other one cause. In 1884 a greater num- 
ber (38.15 per cent) were undertaken 
wholly or in part against reduction of 
wages, and in 1904 38.9^ per cent wefe 
for recognition of union and union rules. 
In recent years the percentage of strikes 
against reduction of wages has shown a 
notable decrease, as Is of course natural 
in a period of advancing wages. On the 
other hand, the percentage of strikes 
concerning recognition of union and union 
rules has shown a remarkable increase, 
for while they constituted less than 9 per 
cent of all strikes between 1^81 and 1885. 
and never reached 20 per cent in any 
single year prior to 1896, yet during the 
five-year period 1901 to 1905 they con- 
stituted more than one third of all strikes. 
The sympathetic strike, which in the 
early eighties was comparatively rare, 
but between 1889 and 1894 became of 
considerable importance, since 1894 has 
not constituted as much as 3 per cent of 
all strikes in any year except 1904. 

Strikes for increase of wages have been 
more successful than those, for any other 
cause, having entirely failed in only 31.36 
per cent of the establishments in volved 
in strikes for that cause, while the next 



THE GLASS WOREBR, Ottdal Organ of A. 6. W. L A. 



most Buecessfnl, those against increase 
of hours, entirely teiled in 37.09 per cent 
of the establishments InYolved. Strikes 
ooneeming recognition of union and 
union roles eatiTelr fWed in 42.88 p^ 
cent of the establishments inrolved, and 
sjrmpatiietic strikes, the most unsuccess- 
ful of all, entirely failed in 76.53 per cent 
of the establishments involved. 
Settlement of Strikes. 
Within recent years the effort to bring 
about the settlement of strikes and lock- 
outs by Joint agreement of organizations 
representing the parties or by arbitration 
by a disinterested third party has been 
attended with considerable success. Dur- 
ing the flve-year period 1901 to 1905, 
5.75 per cent of all strikes and 12.20 per 
cent of all lockouts Vere settled by joint 
agreement and 1.60 per cent of the 
strikes and 2.03 per cent of the lockouts 
were settled by arbitration. These meth- 
ods of settlement have been thus far 
largely confined to a few industries, prac- 
tically one-half of the strikes and two- 
thirds of the lockouts settled by joint 
agreement being in the building trades, 
and about 14 per cent in the coal and 
coke industry. Of the strikes settled by 
arbitration more than one fourth were in 
the building trades and 13 per cent in 
the coal and coke industry. These figures 
do not fully represent the progress of 
these methods of settlement of disputes 
between employer and employee, for both 
methods are being used to a large and 
increasing extent to settle dis^iutes be- 
fore a stoppage of work occurs. 
•• 

A CONSUMPTION CATECHISM. 



A Consumption Catechism for School 
Children is the subject of a pamphlet be- 
ing printed by the Department of Health 
of the City of New York for distribution 
in the schools of the City. 

In a series of 32 questions and answers 
the catechism briefly and simply tells 
what consumption is, how it is conveyed 
from person to person, "how you can 
keep from getting it/' "how you can keep 
others from giving it to you," and how it 
is cured. Added to the catechism is a 
list of the associated snecial tuberculosis 
dispensaries and a map of the city show- 
ing the district allotted to each one of 
these. 

Although the pamphlet is primarily 
designed for school children it contains 
much material which will be of help to 
their parents and older brothers. Such 
an answer as that given to the question. 
''What are the first signs of the disease?" 



will warn many an nasasyeHtaic person 
that an examination by a competent phy- 
sician should not be pnt off. "boss of 
strength, cough, fevm- in the afternoon 
and loss of weight, sometimes bleeding 
or hemorrhage of the lungs and' the 
coughing up of sputum or irfilegm" are 
the first signs that the unwary are now 
told to look for. After describing how 
one person infects another through the 
germs which are contained in the spit of 
the consumptive or in the invisible drop- 
lets sprayed out when Consumptives 
cou^ or sneeze it is stated that those 
who are sickly or run down from disease, 
overwork or intemperance and whose 
systems cannot^fight the bacilli are those 
most likely to *get consumption, just as 
the ordinary cold or cough if neglected is 
the most common sickness that develops 
into consumption. Thorough cleaning 
and disinfection of houses or rooms new- 
ly moved into are urged as one essential 
safeguard against the consumption germs 
which a careless consumptive may have 
left in rooms occupied by him. 

"Even if the tubercle bacilli get into 
the lungs of a healthy person they are 
usually killed there'* it is stated, and so 
the lesson is plain that the first great 
rule to keep from getting consumption is 
simply, "keep as well as possible." To 
do this four things are recommended: 
fresh air, proper food, cleanliness and 
temperance in all things. If a cough lasts 
more than two weeks an examination of 
the lungs by a competent doctor or at a 
soeclal tuberculosis dispensary is ad- 
vised. A minimum program for cleanli- 
ness is set forth in two warm baths a 
week and in cleaning house with damp 
brooms and cloths while for air it is 
stated that every study and living room 
should be aired several times a day and . 
one window in the bed room kept full 
half open all night. 

The catechism in answer to the ques- 
tion "Is It dangerous to live or work with 
a consumptive?" answers "no. not if he 
is careful and clean; careful to destroy 
all the sputum he coughs up and never 
to spit on the floor or streets." It is 
said that consumption can be cured if 
treatment is begun early by good food, 
fresh air and rest and such medicines as 
the doctor may prescribe. If a consump- 
tive cannot go to a country sanatorium 
he is advised to go to a doctor or a dis- 
pensary, to keep out in the fresh air .ind 
sunlight as much as possible, to keep his 
windows open day and night and not to 
waste time or money- on patent medicines 
or advertised cures. 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



THE UNION DRONE8. 



There are in every union naen who 
think that the price they pay for dues 
is money wasted, money which goes into 
the coffers of the officers. This same 
class believe that the price of a labor 
paper is money wasted, donated to a 
bnnch of sharks. They view the union 
and its influence as an institution in- 
vented for the sole purpose of compelling 
them to contribute to the support of a 
few worthless bums who are too lazy to 
work for a livelihood. They are the 
drones of society, who hope to partake 
of all the good things in life without pay- 
ing their part. They hope to beat the 
game even though they are forced to 
scab in order to do so. — Ex. 



CaOPERATIVES IN GREAT BRITAIN. 



There were in existence In Great 
Britain in 1906 1,596 co-operative socie- 
ties, eighteen fewer than in the year be- 
fore, and the 1.58S societies which have 
made returns had 2,332,754 members 
against 2,259,479 members in the 1,609 
societies which made returns in the pre- 
vious year. 

The shares of the societies were valued 
at $151,289,045. The sales for 1906 were 
$489,668,785 and the profits $54,879,975. 

By far the greater number of the socie- 
ties are distributive, and of these the 
retail societies have a turnover exceeding 
$300,000,000 annually, making profits 
which amount to about $50,000,000 per 
annum. The wholesale societies have 
sales approaching $150,000,000. but their 
share capital is comparatively small. The 
productive societies are much less numer- 
ous than the distributive, and the figures 
regarding them as to membership, shares, 
sales and profits all show a decline on 
the year. 

♦ 

STRIKES AND BENEFITS. 



John B. Lennon, treasurer of the Amer- 
ican f<^deration and also secretary-treas- 
urer of the Journevmen Tailors' Union 
of America, has just placed before the 
members of the latter organization some 
interesting opinions on the questions of 
strikes and benefits. 

Mr. Lennon has been secretary-treas- 
urer of the tailors' organization for 
twenty-five years, and his opportunities 
for observation at close range have been 
unlimited, writes Joseph R. Buchanan in 
the New York Journal. 



In cases of strikes or lockouts involv- 
ing but one store or only a few journey- 
men, Mr. Lennon says, it is a mistake to 
permit the displaced workmen to take 
employment in other stores in the town 
or to go to other towns. 

Where a union has had the power the 
the courage to say, "No, you cannot leave 
our city, nor can you accept work in any 
other store until this contest is settled, 
they have in nearly all cases won," ac- 
cording to Mr. Lennon. But if the strik- 
ers leave town or accept work in <^er 
stores, the result is almost as bad as if 
they went scabbing, he says, and under 
such circumstances succes is practically 
impossible. 

Mr. Lennon also thinks It is a mistake 
for local unions to pay or attempt to pay 
strike benefits. He holds that the benefit 
paid by the national union is suflicient. 
He says that the members who strike 
because they are guaranteed the com* 
bined benefits of national and local organ- 
izations do not make good strikers. When 
the local treasuries are exhausted, which 
sometimes is an early result of the spe- 
cial demands mad^ upon them, such strik- 
ers become disgruntled and weak kneed. 

To clinch the point under both of these 
heads, Mr. Lennon suggests that if any 
one doubts his assertions he should study 
the history of the world's labor struggles. 

"They will discover that the greatest 
battles of labor haVe been made by those 
who had scarcely enough from day to 
day to keep them alive." 



The Finsch DistilHng Co.. of Pittsburg. 
Pa., producers of "Golden Wedding 
Whisky," have been declared unfair by 
the Ameriean Federation of Labor. The 
action was taken at the request of the 
Coopers International Union because the 
firm uses non-union made barrels and 
fiaunts its opposition to union labor in 
the face of the unions. The coopers are 
appealing to the conscience of the trade 
unionists for support in the matter and 
as a result Finscb's products and the 
saloons in which they are handled are 
becoming very unpopular. 



New York lamplighters have won an 
increase in wages of five dollars a month 
and a general strike is thus averted. The 
lamplighters, even with the increase, 
only get $35 a month. They have only 
recently formed a union. 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



The Glass Worker. 



Foblidied Monthly by fhe Amalgamatod 

Olaasworkers* Intenuktlonal Afl0O> 

dation of America. 

SnbseHpton BatM— One Year, Flftr Cents. 
Six Months, Twetfty-flve Cents. Always In 
advance. 

Bditoxlml Aimoiuc«Biwit — Communications 
must reach the office before the 6th day of 
the month preceding the Issue they are to 
appear. The fact that a signed article is 
pnUMied does not commit the Joamal to all 
opinions expressed therein. Contributions 
and items of news concerning the craft and 
the labor movement are requested from oar 
readers. Every contribution must lie accom- 
panied by the name of the writer— not neces- 
sarily for publication, but as an eridenee of 
good faith. 

Send all contributions to 

WM. FIQOIiAH, 65 North Clark Street, 

Chicago, III. 



173 



^OlfiANIZCO AII6.29. 1900., 

6iASS WORKERS 

INT. ASSN. 

SHOP^ DIST.» 



OENEBAL EXEOUnVE BOARD. 



WALTER WBSt General President 

108 East 9l8t Street, New York, N. Y. 

F. FOSLER Chilrmto 

H. LEONARD, Vlce-Presldeni 

MORRIS McDonnell Vlce-Pre»Ident 

AUG. KRAEMER Vice-Pre»ldeoi 

CHAS. SCHOELLRR «^ecretiry 

SPEND MONEYS JUDICIOUSLY. 



Within the last twenty years trades 
unionists have paraded on Labor Day, to 
show the strength of their unions, and 
at the same time it was an advertisement 
to spread the gospel of unionism to those 
that claimed that In this country there 
■was no room for a labor organization, 
that men need not organize to secure 
better conditions, as the opportunities 
were abundant to become some day, if 
not wealthy, a fairly well paid mechanic. 

These Labor Day demonstrations had 
their effect. T^ie times are changing. To- 



day trades union and labor papers are 
doing the work more effectively, spread- 
ing the cause for labors* emancipation 
than all the parades on that day. A 
better work for the unionists would be 
to get subscribers for the labor press. 
The day that our forefathers used to ride 
in stage coaches from town to town is 
over, our mile a minute railroads have 
taken its place, and so has the labor 
press taken the place to promulgate the 
doctrine of unionism. 

When the question of finance is studied, 
close to one million dollars of hard 
earned cash is spent in imiforms, badges 
and bands. It goes without saying that 
such methods of propaganda are very 
expensive. Is It not much better that 
this one million dollars stays in the treas- 
ury of the unions? Or if such is raised 
in assessments that this assessment be 
placed in the strong box of the union 
and used for a better purpose — the pro- 
tection of our union. 

The aggressiveness of employers asso- 
ciations, and citizens' alliances to break 
up our unions through many schemes 
such as spies In our unions who may 
induce uncalled for str}^es. Is not this 
money better spent to secure Just de- 
mands? A large treasury in nine Umes 
out of ten prevents strikes. What earthly 
good is it to make a show? When trouble 
comes the hard earned dollar is what 
counts — save them instead of spending 
them by parading. Put your dollar or 
two assessment, which a uniform* would 
cost, into the union's treasury to create 
a large defense fund; this fund can never 
be too large. Yes, we aught to create 
twice as large a fund as Van Cleave of 
the Employers* Association has created 
to counteract his moves to break up labor 
unions. 

There is nothing in a "show-off** ; there 
is nothing to howl about unless you have 
the "junk,** the spirit of manhood to be 
more than merely a cog in the wheel. 
All forces of anti-unionism are against 
us so let us save our money to build up 
a treasury, to assist us in getting a bet- 
ter living for our^elvec, wives and chil- 
dren. Labor Day parades will gradually 
cease. There may come others by which 
the working people may express their 
views and convictions, but the old labor 
day parade is stale. The cause for which 
it was intended is lost sight of. 



SPIES WITHIN OUR ORGANIZATION. 



There should be no doubt but that earn- 
est efforts are made by employers or 



10 



THE GLASS WOttSBRt Offldal Qrtaa a A. Q. W. L Mu 



rather through their asBociatlonB, to get 
spies urithln our ranks.. During the strike 
at Chicago repeated efforts were made to 
get several of our members to accept the 
}ob as a detective with a salary of $90 a 
month, to g^e the proceedings and other 
useful ittformatiota to the bosses. Many 
of the loyal members inquired for such a 
job and reported back to Local No. 1, and 
there is no doubt that two at least are 
spies in Local No. 1 — at least we have 
suspicion of there being such. These 
men are still under our surveillance and 
we trust them no further than we can 
see them. To date we have not caught 
them with the goods. 

Last month a report came from a small 
union to the same effect that there were 
one or two suspicious characters, and 
they are being watched. The last report 
of spies or rather an attempt to secure 
members of our local union to act as 
spies, came from St. Louis, Mo. It seems 
that the Pittsburg Plate Glass -Co. of St. 
IjOuIb is endeavoring to get members of 
our union for this purpose and send them 
to Kansas City, Mo., where the Pittsburg 
Plate Glass Co. employees are on strike. 
As In a majority of cases our members 
are tnie to our ca^ise and revealed the 
conversation had with a J. W. O'Neil. 

From the above facts our local unions 
and in fact the members must be very 
carefuL They should scrutinize each 
member, watch his acts and character 
closely to ascertain if any undesirable 
character is among our ranks. 

It seems to be that members are ap- 
proached to act as spies and if one is 
found he is sent to another city, where 
he must stoop so low and do his dirty 
work, tin ion H accepting members on 
clearance c?»rd3 pho^ild watch whether 
such members are allright. It is the hope 
that traveling members will not take this 
uo as an Injustice done them, but we 
must preserve our oreanization ; we must 
expose such men that try to inflict us 
an injury. 

Local unions must take heed of men 
who have not been tested ?.nd desire to 
cause strikes, who hnwl and make radical 
speeches to aronse the members to acts 
uncalled for. Each union ought to elect 
an executive committee of only trust- 
worthy men — ^men you know are as true 
to the cause as you yourself. This is a 
note of warning and It mnst be accepted 
now. not when It Is too late. 

To those members that take an active 
part in our organizatim^>Xhat take pride 
in the work already accomplished, there 
is nothing better for them to read than 



the litUe book by Max Friedman entitled 
"The Pinkorton Labor Spy." By reading 
this book it will give much information 
regarding the spies in the union. The 
book can be had from Headpuarters for 
25 cents. Yon will never regret read- 
ing It. 



KNOWLEDGE lift ^OWER. 



No truer saying was ever spoken than 
"Knowledge is Power." The very fact 
that the working people are such as they 
are. llTing from hand to mouth, dwelling 
in hovels, abused and kicked aronnd as 
they are traveling from one city to an- 
other looking for a master that will Rive 
him work, satisfied by receiving only one- 
fifth of the product of his toil according 
to United States statistics is because of 
their stupidity of their own interests. 
They may be wise in all other matters, 
but in regards to themselves they are 
not ' 

Can any sane man or woman say that 
the life they are living is the best possi- 
ble? We are not sr^eaking of individuals 
but as a class of wase earners. No one 
can say that we are. for if we were, the 
misery that exists, the cri^ies that are 
committed, the shame, fraud and vice 
that exists would be eliminated. These 
exist because the Intelligence for a better 
Foclety is lacklne in the working popula- 
tion. It is onr icnorance that they exist. 
No one person nor a. set of persons, no. 
not even an organization can bring about 
a change. It rests entlrelv upon the in- 
telligence 6t society as a whoie. 

For sixty years or more working peoole 
have tried and are still trying to bring 
about better conditions through trades 
unions, and the work thev have done is 
to be proud of. but misery still exists in 
its maT>v phases. The trade and labor 
unions have been and ?.re today a school, 
teaching one another the lessons we must 
learn to bring abo^it the emancipation of 
the workers from all species of injustice. 

The unions as st«».ted have done good 
work, but there seems to be a lack of 
teachers within the unions to carry on 
the work nf in^^tn^ction. That lack seems 
to be the lark of knowledge due to being 
either too lazv to read or reading the 
wrong kind of books or paoers. The 
rninnist should read more books dealing 
with live questions of the day. books that 
deal with their own material Interests. 

There is no one that can deny that self- 
interest, not as individual but as a class 
is the guiding spirit nowadays: the work- 
ing people who have made progress in 



THE GLASS WORKSR* Ottcld Organ of A. G. W. L A. 



It 



everything but their own self. They are 
still at the bottom of the ladder and they 
will be so long as they themselves neglect 
to think eind act for their own material 
interest, •^Knowledge is, power, and it is 
stronger than the capitalists' maxim 
"Might is right." 

Read more, think more for your own 
preservation, give all your thought and 
energy to elevating your class to a hlgjier 
state of society. By doing so you elevate 
yourself. 



WHY WORKING WOMEN MUST 

ORGANIZE. 

The Problem. 

The government report of the census 
for 1900 shows that more than five mil- 
lion women are engaged in gainful occu- 
pations in the United States during that 
year. This report further shows that the 
average wage for these women was leas 
than $270 a year, and that, more than 50 
per cent or over two million five hundred 
thousand women workers were under 24 
years of age. This extraordinary condi- 
tion marks a revolution in industry and 
is steadily increasing. 

For so many centuries women have 
worked as individuals in their own homes 
that they enter industry unorganized. 
They have no standard of hours, wages 
or working conditions. They take what 
is given and work as they are told. The 
first social effect of women in Industry is 
to lower the standard of wages and living 
for all laborers in related trades. This 
not only places the particular women un- 
der conditions of long hours and short 
pay, but it adds to the difficulties of 
those who are seeking to maintain fair 
hours, fair wages and American stand- 
ards for home life in every trade. The 
wives and children of the men competing 
with women suffer the heaviest costs of 
this competition. Further, it is matter of 
common knowledge that wrong physical 
conditions react upon the women workers 
with most terrible significance. The con- 
ditions of work in many of the trades 
into which women have entered put such 
a strain upon the physical organization 
that a brief service precludes the pos- 
sibility of motherhood. This two-fold 
attack upon the homes of the working 
world indicates a loss to the Common- 
wealth which is far-reaching and almost 
incalculable. 

Organization the First Step. 

Trades Unions anjong women have re- 
cognized these^ facts and faced them 
squarely. Women are not willingly nor 
gladly the underbidders in the labor mar- 
ket and the competitor against the home. 



They know that trade union organization 
gives them their chance to stand as fel- 
low workers with the men in the fight 
for the protection of the home. 

In the Industrial Exhibit which was 
held in Chicago last March under the 
division of "Women in Industry" the four 
remedies suggested for improving the 
standard of wages and hours were "edu- 
cation, legislation, organization and the 
ballot.'* It is true that education is need- 
ed and that the skilled worker has the 
advantage over the unskilled, but it must 
not be forgotten that some of the most 
miserable wages today are paid the 
skilled worker in the sewing trades. Edu- 
cation alone is unable to meet the diffi- 
culties that confront us and in America 
legislation has remained an ineffective 
factor in the struggle. No doubt the 
ballot in the hands of the working women 
will be one of the most decisive methods 
by which she can command a hearing, 
but the greatest immediate opportunity 
and one within her reach is trade union 
organization. 

This is the strongest factor helping to 
bring about fair wages, shorter hours and 
decent working conditions. These three 
demands constitute what may be termed 
a "living wage." Stated briefly and for 
the individual working woman this means 
that a girl who is putting her strength 
and her ability into her work whether 
that be at a skilled trade or as an un- 
skilled worker, should be entitled to earn 
a sufficient wage to make the following 
conditions possible: 

A room to herself; food to produce 
healthful living and efficient work; 
simple clothing; a chance for rest and 
recreation after the day's work and on 
Sundays; time and opportunity for friend- 
ships; a two-weeks' vacation into the 
country and a possibility to save for 
emergencies by putting aside a certain 
sum each week. How large the wage 
must be to meet these conditions depends 
in a measure on the cost of living and the 
following estimate is based on present 
conditions in Chicago. - 

The Weelc's Expenses. 

Rent for room. . . , $2.00 

Carfare 60 

Breakfasts 1.05 

Lunches 70 

Dinners 2.10 

Laundry 50 

Clothing 2.00 

Savings 25 

Dues 10 

Vacation fund 40 



$9.70 



12 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. L A. 



This estimate does not include Inci- 
dentals like soap» medicine, daily paper, 
mendings, etc., nor possible emergencies 
like sickness. Neither does it take into 
account church affiliations, the privilege 
of giving to some friend in need, the 
Tight of recreation in books, the right to 
an additional carfare on Sundays or even- 
ings, a visit to the theater, etc. It should 
also be remembered that the laundry 
Item will be very much larger than fifty 
cents a week during the summer months, 
when shirt waists must be worn and a 
clean one is almost a necessity every day 
In the week. It is very true that many 
girls wash and Iron their own shirt waists 
as well as other clothing, but this means 
that they take the time evenings and on 
Sundays: the latter day being also gener- 
ally used for the week's mending. . It is 
not tolerable to consider life Isolated 
from family obligations and from joy In 
Tellowship with others. 

Organization Requires Co-operation. 

Women can be organized. It is neces- 
sary, however, to remember that a cer- 
tain amount of vitality is indispensable to 
making a fight for better conditions. Wo- 
men who by virtue of their "freedom of . 
contract" work in the sewing trades for 
18 hours a day at a dollar and four cents 
a week have not enough strength left 
after such a struggle for bread to organ- 
ize themselves for protective purposes. 
The skilled working women owe it to 
their fellow workers to make such condi- 
tions impossible. The new form of asso- 
ciation, recognized by nearly all organ- 
ized workers of bringing within their 
union every "unskilled member affiliated 
with the trade, is not only the soundest 
economic position to maintain, but the 
only moral position possible. 

The girl who holds herself aloof from 
the trade union movement because her 
own skill can command a decent wage is 
as resoonsible for the miserable lives of 
women and children in the sweated 
trades as Is the "daughter of privilege" 
who refuses to recognize her kinship and 
obligation with the working poor. 

For more than thirty years the Brittish 
Women's Trade Union League has called 
into active co-operation not only the 
skilled union women to help organize 
their nnskllled fellow workers, but wo- 
men of privilege as well whose leisure 
and strength has been placed at the ser- 
vice of those women to whom have been 
denied the elementary conditions of right 
living. 

Following this successful English pre- 
cedent the National Women's Trade 



Union League of America, organilsed in 
1903, has sought to concentrate the efforts 
of union women and their allies on this 
same problem. Every thoughtful, e.ducat- 
ed woman realises that she shares the 
responsibility with the community not 
only fbr existing vicious conditions, but 
for the necessary leadership and resource 
required to secure Just working condi- 
tions and a better home life for the work- 
ing women of America. All right think- 
ing people everywhere unite in recogniz- 
ing the moral and social welfare behind 
the demand for an eight-hour day and a 
living wage for all working women in 
every trade. When these demands are 
realized a permanent foundation is laid 
and a genuine opportutity given, for ex- 
pression of the finer spiritual issues in 
the lives of working women with power 
to work out every gift of nature and to 
live out every resource of body, mind and 
heart. — Margaret Dreler Robins. 



LIMERICKIAL. 



There was a young fellow named Jones, 
Who exclaimed in the loudest of tones: 

*'Vm for unions, you bet, 

And I never forget 

I am union clear through to my bones." 
Now Jones seized all chances to toot 
For unions and closed shop to boot, 
But each time that he spoke 
It was through the foul smoke 

He drew from a scab cigaroot. 

Jones promptly came up with his dues 

And swore he's no manner of use 

For the man who was slack 

In paying his "whack," 

But he walked in a pair of scab shoes. 
On Labor Day Jones seized the chance 
Behind a big banner to prance; 

But he made his display 

On labor's great day 

In a pair of the scabbiest pants. 
Every day Jones' strident voice rolls 
Condemning non-union men's souls. 

He swelled up his chest 

Till it burst his scab vest. 

But he voted for scabs at the polls. 
There are Joneses a plenty, you know. 
You will meet them wherever you go. 

They shoot off hot air 

And claim to be fair, 
But don't give the label a show. 

— ^The Wage Worker, 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



13 



CORRESPONDENCE 



CeninvnlCMtion* Tor tb^ JOURNAL wnumt b^ r^e^iT^d BEFORE 
tbtt 8tb off tbo nontb to Insar^ pnblfoatloo. All 60ininanlca« 
tfono for tbtt JOURNAL innst b^ accompanfttd by tb^ nam^ 
off tbo oondorv and wrltton only on ono oldo off ttao papor. 



FROM LOCAL No. 26. 



We have lost through death Bro. Geo. 
Bartelmew, lately from Richmond, Va. 
Bro. Bartelmerw has been sick at Rich- 
mond for quite a while. He returned to 
Camden» N. J., where his sickness turned 
worse, dying July 1. 

He had no relatives, but belonged to a 
cremating society which took care of the 
body.. In honor to his memory Local No. 
26 resolved to drape the charter in 
mourning for thirty days. 



FROM LOCAL No. 59. 



The newly elected officers of Local No. 
59, Winnepeg, Manitoba, are: Alf. Dodd, 
Pres.; B. L. Tacher, Vice Pres.; W. Price, 
Fin. Sec'y; C. J. Berger, Rec. Sec'y; 
W. Collin, Treas., and P. Rosasco, Guard. 
Business is poor in this part of the coun- 
try and it would be well not to come to 

this town. 

« 

LOCAL No. 6, ST. LOUIS, MO. 



At the recent election of officers. Local 
No. 6 has elected the following: Wm. 
Worely, Pres. ; Henry Durban, Vice Pres. ; 
J. B. Meyer, Pin. Sec'y; Frank Springer, 
Rec. Sec*y, and Thos. Carey, Treas. Busi- 
ness is fair and the strike at the Century 
Art Glass Co. is still on. 

• 

FROM LOCAL No. 29. 



We had a good attendance at our last 
two meetings, about half our membership 
being present both times. Were you 
there? If not. why not? It's your place 
to be there every meeting night. It helps 
out, your officers and puts more ginger in 
all of you when you see a good crowd up 
there. It makes you feel as though you 
have to try and get an application filled 
out by the fellow that works next to you. 
Have you ever tried it? Try it once and 
after that it will come natural to you. 

We got three applications last month, 
we hope to get six this month and keep 
on doubling them every month till we get 
all the glass workers in town that didn't 
sign a life agreement to be a slave for a 



greedy, labor-hater. It's too bad these 
few "stiffs" didn't live in Lincoln's times. 
They might have learned something. 

We decided to march in the Labor Day 
parade and want to see you all turn out. 
Don't show your white feather and leave 
the boss laugh at you for not showing 
your rights when you have a chance. 

Ask all glass setters for a card and 
you'll oblige. 

Press Com. Local No. 29. 



UNFAIR FIRMS. 



The following firms are unfair to our 
International Association, and members 
are requested not to seek employment 
from them. No firm will be put on this 
unfair list except it has received the 
sanction of the General Elxecutive Board. 
Art Glass Firms: 

Clinton Glass Co., (also beveling-, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

Colonial Art Glass Co., Chicago, 111. 

H. Bberhardt & Co. (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 

Flanagan & Biedenweg (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 

Giannini & Hilgart, Chicago, 111. 

W. C. Harder (also beveling), Chicago, 
111. 

W. H. Helmerich & Co. (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 

W. H. Lau & Co.. Chicago. 111. 

Linden Glass Co., Chicago. 111. 

Schuler & Mueller (also beveling), Chi- 
cago, III. 

Temple Art Glass Co. (also beveling), 
Chicago, 111. 

H. Raphael Co.. Los Angeles. Cal. 

Gorham Mfg. Co., New York. N. Y. 

Century Art Glass Co., St. Louis, Mo. 

J. J. Kinsella Glass Co.. Chicago 111., 
and Holland, Mich. 

Mirror and Beveling Firms: 

G. H. Anderson & Co., Chicago, 111. 

Chicago Mirror & Art Glass Co., Chi- 
cago, 111. 

French Mirror & Glass Beveling Co., 
Allegan, Mich. 

Galloway Glass Co., Chicago, 111. 

Herroy & Marriner, Chicago, 111. 

J. J. Kinsella Glass Co., Chicago 111., 
and Holland, Mich. 



14 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A« 6. W. L A. 



Rubin Bro's. Mfg. Co., Chicago, 111. 
Tyler & Hoppach, Chicago, 111. 
Pittsburgh Plate Glass Co., Kansas City, 
Mo. 

♦ 

IT BENEFITS ALL. 



The labor movement cannot be selfish. 

It cannot benefit unionists without 
benefiting "outsiders." 

It can not raise wages or shorten hours 
or improve labor conditiona without ex- 
tending these gains to all laborers. 

Moreover, is not unionism open to the 
"outsiders?'.* 

Is not every union maintaining a force 
of organizers for the express purpose of 
helping the non-union men to better their 
conditions? — Samuel Qompers. 



The Michigan Supreme Court recently 
gave the following decision of importance 
to all trades unions: "Worklngmen have 
the right to fix a price upon their labor 
and refuse tp work unless that price is 
obtained. Singly or in combination, they 
have this right. They may use persuasion 
to induce men to poln their organization 
to induce men to join their organization 
or refuse to work except for an estab- 
lished wage. They may present their 
cause to the public in the newspapers or 
circulars, in a peaceable way and with no 
attempt at coercion. If the effect in such 
a case is ruin to the employer It is 
damnum absque injuria, for they have 
only exercised their legal rights." 
« 

FROM CHICAGO, ILL. 



Work in this city is rather dull and 
prospects are not very encouraging. The 
unfair shops have lost their trade and 
can't keep the few non-union men they 
have employed. Several of these are try- 
ing to break into the union shops. 

This month we can take two of the un- 
fatr shops ofC the unfair list. One shop, 
W. O, Ebert's, was closed on account of 
the- death of the proprietor, and The 
•Western Sand Blast Co. gave up the busi- 
ness on account of no profits in the busi- 
ness. The proprietor of this concern, 
although a milUonair, didn't feel like los- 
ing any more money. The shop was the 
best ventilated, cleanest and best laid out 
shop in this city. It used to employ 
about 45 to 50 meh. but since the strike 
a dozen is all that worked there. It is 
said that the. firm had about $2,700 worth 
of orders which no doubt they could not 
fulfill, and when it was decided to close 
up the shop, the proprietor, Mr. A. Brown, 



sought to let his work to others. He 
asked 10 per. cent and then was satisfied 
with 5 per cent, but the union firm could 
not handle the work for the prices he 
received for them. This goes to show 
how cheap they quote prices to get the 
work. 

♦ 

A new local has been organized by an 
A. F. of L. organizer at Salt Lake City, 
Utah, with 14 members working at the 
difTerent trades of the glass Industry. 
The union bids to fairly well. It will be 
known as Local No. 34. 



Local No. 9 is about to present a new 
agreement to their employers to take 
efTect Sept. 1. 



There were cast at the recent election 
not quite two-fifths of the entire vote. 
Locals No 27 and 28 did not vote at all. 



The quarterly sinking fund assessment 
for July, August' and September are now 
due. Financial secretaries should see to 
it that the members pay same. Local 
unions are requested to write for the 
Journal some interesting news, which 
gives the entire membership an idea how 
and what each union is doing. 



Local No. 35, of Buffalo, has decided 
not to present an agreement to their em- 
ployers. The conditions are fair. All 
the bevelers are organized; three-fourths 
of the art glass workers and a few putty 
glaziers. 

♦ 

Some of the readers may think, what 
seems to be the matter with Local No. 8. 
Minneapolis. Minn. We are still alive. 
The local election resulted In the elec- 
tion of Bro. Chas. Raymond, Pres.; Fred. 
Whistle, Fin. Sec'y, and D. E. Bushy, 
Rec. Sec'y. 

» 

Local No. 1 made things lively Aug. 2. 
On that date a smoker was given, which 
proved a social success, besides bringing 
together the somewhat scattered mem- 
bership. The same spirit prevailed among 
the men as that before the strike. One 
would hardly recognize that the men 
went through an eighteen months strug- 
gle, for they are Just the same as they 
were — ^unlon men to the core. Besides 
singing,' comic recitation and a general 
merry-making, speeches were made by 
Bro's. F. Fosler, Chas. Schoeller and Wm. 
Figolah. 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. 6. W. I. A. 



15 



OUR INVISIBLE AMERICAN KING, 
HIS SPIES AND INFORMERS. 



By Parker H. Sercombe. 



(A Review.) 

There is probably nothing in current 
revolutionary literature more fearlessly 
argued or more constructively destructive 
than this 16-page booklet by the editor 
of "To-Morrow Magazine/* 

The work philosophical throughout is 
divided under four headings— Our Invis- 
ible King, Criminal Capitalism, Crimes in 
Their Order, and The Philosophy of Free- 
dom. 

The author takes up the scientific evo- 
lution of our economic and political 
forms, c^emonies, courts, punishments 
and systems of control and shows their 
origin, wow they naturally grew up 
around European kings, who, of course, 
always adopted the methods and systems 
best suited to perpetuate despotism and 
kingcraft, and as it is seen that we in 
America have simply taken over in toto 
the entire modus operandi of European 
monarchies, we look about us and dis- 
cover that we also have an Invisible King 
in the form of the network of interests 
between banks, railroad and traction com- 
panies, department stores, newspapers, 
manufacturing and insurance companies, 
etc., all of which are owned by the same 
network of stockholders. 

The author points out the difference 
between the workingman's standard of 
right and wrong and the capitalist's 
standard of right and wrong, and not only 
shows that It is utterly foolish and de- 
grading for the masses to longer permit 
themselves to be tried by the capitalist 
courts and the capitalist standards of 
this country, but he calls upon every 
toiler, all who do not belong to the sys- 
tem of trusts to unite and overthrow the 
control of the money power and establish 
our political, Judicial and economic re- 
gimes in accordance with the standard 
of those who work and produce the 
wealth of the woidd. 

Price of booklet 10 cents per copy. |6 
per 100. Send order to Headquarters. 



WANTED — Address of first class Glass 
Sand Blaster. One able to cut Its per- 
forated • patterns, etc. Address, O. S., 
care of The Glass Worker. 



ANOTHER OPINION. 

From the results of the votes on the 
amendments, we find that part of the 
voting will have to l>e gone over again* 
but whether we have a scattered execut- 
ive board or one composed of members 
from locals, located at seat of head- 
quarters, we will have sections in our 
constitutioh that will be altogether out 
of place. For instance, if we have an 
executive board from seat of head- 
quarters, what good is proposition 15, 
which was carried and which reads, 
"The Gen. Pros, shall preside over all 
sessions of the G. B. B." — 

Now as Sec. 129 of our Constitution 
is not to be stricken out. an executive 
board from seat of headquarters is sup- 
posed to meet once a month, or when- 
ever called by the G. S. T., it would be 
very expensive to have our G. P. attend 
those sessions, therefore propositions 15 
should be kept out of our Constitution 
if we are to have an Executive Board 
from seat of headquarters. The same 
can be said of propositions 16, 18, 20, 23, 
which were carried and which are good 
only in case of a scattered Executive 
Board. 

It is plainly seen that the ballot from 
the results of the votes was not studied 
with care, for with a little study it is 
plainly seen prop. 11, 13. and 14, which 
were voted NO, should have been YES, 
in order not to conflict with prop. 9, 15, 
16, 18, 20, and 23. To my idea another 
ballot should be taken as to which 
Executive Board we are to have, and 
also such Sections, that would be the 
proper laws for them. For a scattered 
Executive Board you will notice that 
proposition 23 reads, "The salary of the 
G. E. B. when employed by the Int. Ass'n, 
shall be $3.00 per day and $2.00 per day 
for expenses, in addition to mileage," 
said proposition was carried and no use 
to an Executive Board from headquarters 
as it conflicts with Ses. 130 of our Con- 
stitution, which is to stay in force, said 
prop. 23 is meant for a scattered board 
ut I think a very expensive one. For 
instance if such a board was to meet for 
a week the salary of same with expenses 
would be $90, not counting the G. S. T.'s 
expenses, adding the mileage and rent of 
meeting hall for said board, and in.cid- 
ental expenses, it would cost the Inter- 
national over $200 a meeting every 6 
months, while an Executive Board from 
the seat of the Headquarters would be 
much cheaper according to Sec. 129 and 
130, and should have been in force since 



16 



THE GLASS WORKER, Official Organ of A. G. W. I. A. 



last revised Constitution went Into effect. 
I have looked over our Constitution 
and was unable to see a line or word 
where there was anything adopted to 
have our €ren. Pres.. and the 1st. 3rd and 
4th Vice-Pres. to compose our Executive 
Board, of course they were working un- 
der the laws of our Constitution previous 
to the New York convention, but as 
Constitution revised at said convention 
went into effect in 1906, then all sections 
pertaining to the Executive Board should 
have went in force, also the City for the 
Board of Appeals a vote should have 
been taken for the same.* As our G. S. 
T. stated in April Journal, to strike Ses. 
128, 129, 130, was condeming an act, 
which they have never tried to find out 
whether it is a good plan or not. 

I also notice that if Sec. 115 is changed 
according to the amendments, then Sec. 
141 will be of no use in our Constitution, 
as all the affairs of our International 
Association are put in the hands of the 
G. B. 13. through. Propositions 18 and 20. 
Proposition 18 reads, " — that the G. E. 
B. shall decide all points arising under 
ifye Jurisdiction of the Int. Ass'n. also 
all grievances and appeals, subject to the 
decision of the General Assembly." 
therefore, if a Local got a decision not 
to their liking and wishing to appeal on 
the same, they would only have the same 
body that give them their decision to 
appeal to, or wait until a General As- 
sembly. Proposition 18 and 20. which 
particularly gives an Executive Board all 
the affairs of our Association, we would 
have no need of City for the Board of 
Appeals, as such a body would not be 
necessary, in that case it is better to 
have an Executive Board from seat of 
Headquarters to work according to Con- 
stitution adopted in 1905. Therefore, as 
we will be compelled to vote over again 
on the G. E. B. and their duties, I hope 
the brothers in general will take their 
Constitution in hand and study their 
ballots, and vote for propositions that 
will be to their interest and economical 
to our Int. Ass'n. 

As the seat for the Board of Appeals 
will have to go to a 2nd ballot, and 
Philadelphia and New York being the 
opposing cities, the writer being in Phila- 
delphia must say that if this cit^'' is 
chosen for the Board of Appeals, I can 
assure the brothfsrs that between Locals 
26 and 41, there are members who are 
well able to fill positions and give Justice 
on any decision that would come to 
their notice. 



It is my hope that an her ballot be 
sent out, and that the brothers have 
another chance to decide on the Exe- 
cutive Board, and all sections pertaining 
to their duties.** To my notion a Gen- 
eral Executive Board from seat of Head- 
quarters is the most econominal and can 
give quicker results. (See Article called 
"An Opinion*' in April Journal.) 

Hoping that brothers in general will 
see clearly on the matter and do their 
best on the 2nd ballot. 

Yours fraternaly 

Peter Van Dort. 



• The writer is not aware of the fact 
that the New York convention decided 
that the constitution accepted in New 
York was not to go into effect as to the 
Gen. officers till July 1907. also the seat 
of Headquarters and Board of Appeals. 



•♦ There is no doubt but that within a 
few weeks the members will hear on this 
proposition from the Gen. Bxe. Bd. now 
composed of members from seat of Head- 
quarters. A little time and patience will 
be necessary to bring matters straight 

Editor. 



It is said arrangements are being^ com- 
pleted between the American Federation 
of Labor and national trade unions of 
England, Scotland, Germany. Denmark, 
Austria. Belgium, Norway, Netherlands, 
and other foreign countries, to inter- 
change union cards between imlone of 
kindred crafts and callings. In addition 
to this worldwide movement between the 
organized wage workers of the world, the 
American Federation of Labor and the 
American society of Equity (the farmer's 
unions of the United States) have formed 
an alliance. The vast armies of the or- 
ganized wage workers of the world re- 
present more than 50,000,000 people. The 
more advanced leaders propose an inter- 
national convention of all craft unions. 



Acting Secretary Kirwan, of the West- 
em Federation of Miners, walked into a 
convention of Wyoming coal miners, affil- 
iated with the United Mine W^orkers, 
asked for the floor and informed the 
delegates that two of their members were 
Pinkerton detectives and were making 
reports to that agency for more than a 
year. The two skunks were promptly ex- 
pelled and admitted their perfidy. There 
is a movement growing in the West to 
throw open the doors of local union meet- 
ings in order to rob the spies and thugs 
of their graft. 



ROSTER OF SECRETARIES OF LOCAL UNIONS. 



We call Bpeclal attention of all SecretarlM 
to tbelr respectlTe Locals, publlihed berewltta. 
ind should there be any errors In same we will 
consider It a faTor If you will notify headquar- 
ins at once, to that It may be publlBhed cor* 
rectlj in the next issue. 



Local No. 1, Chicago, 111.— L Coleman, 
S ; N. Paulina St. Meets Ist and 3d Friday 
ar bo N. Clark St. 



Local No. 3, Akron, O. — J. Bollinger, 
:ai Yale St. 



Local No. 4. — (-hicago. III.— (Art Glass) 
MHet8 2nd and 4th Friday. 65 N. Clark St., 
li Hanizeski, 8062 Ridge Ave. 



Locol No. 6, St. Louis, Mo.— F. Springer, 
-'"37 Clark Ave. 



Local No. 7, Biehmond, Va. — Max 

Goetze, 312 So. Harrison St. 



Local No. 8, Minneapolis, Minn. — D. E. 
Biishy, 1426 2oth Ave. No. 



Local No. ft (Art Olass), Cincinnati, O. — 

Al Hichter, 924 Monroe St., Newport, Ky. 



Local No. 10, Grand Rapids, Mioh. — 
f L. Muinford, Jr., 175 Cedar St. 



Local No. 11, Montreal, Canada, (Art. 
Glass)S. Danby, 950 Berri bt. 

Local No. 12, Paterscn, N J.— H. D. 

Sinionton, 250 Straight St 



Local No. 14, Rockford, 111. — A. Person, 
"JI^ 7th Street. 



Local No. 15, Evansville, Ind. (Bevel- 

^rs).— J. c. Haug, 17 E. Missouri St. 

Local No. 17, LoB Angelas, Gal. — Enoch 
^'eerman, P. O. Station P. 



Loca No. 19, Minneapolis, Minn., (Bevel- 
^^••s)— A. Simonson, 3018 23rd Ave. So. 



Local No. 20, Kansas City, Mo. — Thos. 
^- Piggott, Mt. Wiisliington, Mo. 



Local No. 21, Toronto, Canada.— W. G. 
t^arker, 68 Smnmerhill Ave. 



Local No. 25. New York. N. Y., (Bevelers) 
"axter St. 



Local No. 26, Philadelphia, Pa. (B«Tel- 
ers).— Peter Van Gort, 532 Rex Place, 
Camden. N. J. 



Local No. 27, Davenport, Iowa. — L. 
Kellerman, 514 Scott St. 



Local No. 28, Boston, Mass. (Art Qlass). 



Local No. 29, Cleveland, O.— Geo. J. 
Bohnert, 4905 Train St. 



Local No. 33, Detroit, Mich. — Chas. 
Tyrrell, 762 15th St. 



Local No. 34, Salt Lake City, Utah.— S. 
A. I^^aver, 38 N. l.st West St. 



LocaI No. 35, Buffalo, N. Y.— E. Krupp, 
826 Monroe St. 



Local No. 36, New York, N. T. (Art 
Glass).— H. G. Dietz, 224 Grove St.. Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 



Local No. 37, Baltimore, Md.— J. Miehel- 
man, 413 North Luzerne street. 



Local No. 41, Philadelphia, Pa. (Art 
Glass).— Chas. Roorae Jr.. 1268 So. 27th St. 



Local 44, Toledo, Ohio— J. J. Halpin, 
534 Oliver St. 



Local No. 45, Jackson, Mich. — J. Murta, 
113 W. CarrSt. 



Local No. 47. Rochester, N. Y.— F. D. 
Perkins, 16 Anderson Ave. 



Local No. 53. Denver. Col.— J. E. Carlin. 
3129 W. 25th St. 



Local No. 56, New Orleans, La.— E. 
Buhler, 410 Bourbon St. 



Local No. 58, Saginaw, Mich. — H. 
Hobuss, 305 Van Buren St. 



Local No. 59, Winnepeg, Manitoba, — 
C. J. Berger, 123 Smith St. 

Local No. CO, Ottawa, Ont., Canada, — 
G. A. Reid, 658 Gihiiour St. 



Local No. 61, Norfolk, Va.— F. H. Wood, 
PochanU»s Ave. 



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