Skip to main content

Full text of "The Globe dictionary of the English language"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book that was preserved for generations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's books discoverable online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose legal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia present in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journey from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing tliis resource, we liave taken steps to 
prevent abuse by commercial parties, including placing technical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use these files for 
personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do not send automated queries of any sort to Google's system: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character recognition or other areas where access to a large amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for these purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogXt "watermark" you see on each file is essential for in forming people about this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it legal Whatever your use, remember that you are responsible for ensuring that what you are doing is legal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countries. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can't offer guidance on whether any specific use of 
any specific book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps readers 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full text of this book on the web 

at |http: //books .google .com/I 

• f • • 








Cillins' Sttiti of Ifllnsiraltb §ii&mitneii. 











Until recent times the smaller English School Dictionaries were 
conflideied [sufficient if thej contained a tolerably full list of common 
words, with one or two definitions attached to each; and if, in addi- 
tion, the words were accented or marked so as to indicate in a loose 
and general way their proper pronimciation, they were pronounced by 
critics and reyiewers to be worthy of high praise. And as the lessons 
in acho<^ reading books were ordinarily extracts from the historians, 
divines, poets, and essayists of the last century, and chiefly of a narra- 
tive or didactic nature, they probably served their purpose fairly 
enoo^ But reading books now contain lessons from philosophical 
and scientific works ; to specify one class only, the study of natural 
science has introduced many new terms requiring explanation of their 
meaning; and the essayists of this age, not to speak of its poets, have 
a nomenclature, partly of classic, partly of continental origin, quite 
unknown to our fathers. Besides, the schoolmaster of the present 
day is not content with getting from his pupil a correct meaning for 
a word ; he asks also its derivation, and if at all competent for his 
work, will ask for, or at least will give, some account of its history, in 
the changes of form and signification which from time to time it may 
have experienced. A fuller vombvla/ryy therefore, a definite etymology y 
and a more copious and discriminating definition of words are required 
even in our small dictionaries, to answer the requirements of modem 
tpaching or learning. The Globe Dictionary is specially intended 
and adapted to satisfy these. 

The VocalmUvry has been considerably extended and enriched, 
so that few words will be found wanting which the scholar or ordinary 
reader may have to look for. Without pretending to give all the 


teclmical tenuB to be met with in tlie higher scientific and philosophi- 
cal treatises^ yet many, if not most, of these are contained in it; and 
numerous Additions have been made of terms colloquial and artistic 
which have latterly crept into our idiom. 

The DeJmitumB have been so framed as to give a full, clear, and 
accurate exposition of all the senses in which a word has been at 
different times employed. So far as possible, the historical develop- 
ment of the word has been designated, the disconnecting hyphens 
noting the different changes and shades of meaning, while every effort 
has been made to give precision and distinctiveness combined with 

The Etymology has been prepared with due consideration of the 
labours of former Lexicographers, and of the later philologists; and, 
as the origin of many of our words is still matter of dispute^ and the 
space at our command is limited, it was deemed right to concentrate 
the attention upon one root-form, seemingly the best out of several 
possible roots, to show how the word assumed its form, and acquired 
its primary meaning. 

The Prowwnciaiion of the words is clearly and unmistakably 
indicated by reprinting them in phonetic spelling, with distract 
syllabication, distributed accents, and marked vowel sounds. 

Nimierous Illustrations have been added of interesting objects in 
natural history, of mechanical contrivances, of scientific and artistic 
forms and productions, kc 

The form and character of the typography, the fulness of the 
matter, the simplicity of its arrangement, and the price at which it is 
offered, are such as cannot fail to make it generally acceptable, and 
secure a large and increasing circulation among all who are prose- 
cuting the study of the English languaga 

London, AprU, 1873. 



: . ▼ 

KjETTOIBBPllOVUirOEATIOV, ... • • • • Yui 




Lakguaqes, Alphabehcallt Arbanokd, with English Transla- 


AGLoesABTOvScxyrnsH WoBDs anbFhbases, . . . 711 

A CoKOBX Aooount of the Chief Deities, Heroes, etc., in the Greek 

AND BoMAjr Mttholoqt, • . . . . 724 




AsBBEviATioNs tJsxD nr WRinNa AND Printing, .... 745 



a stands for adjective. 

adv. . adverbi 

Amer. . American. 

A. . • Arabic 

Armor. . Amorican. 

A.-S. • Anglo-Saxon. 

Braz. Brazilian. 

CataL . Catalan. 

Celt. . Celtic. 

cf» . . confer (compare). 

C. . . Chaldee, 
Chin. . Chinese. 
comp. . comjparative. 
cor0. . conjunction. 
Copt. . Coptic. 

D. . . Dutch. 
Dan. . Danish, 
dim. . diminutiye. 

£ng. . English. 

e.ff,. . exernpft^m^ta (for example). 

fern. . feminine. 

P. . • French. - 

Gael. • Gaelic. 

Ger. . G^ermazL 

Go. . • Gothic. 

G. . . Greek. 

H. . • Hebrew. 

Hung. . Hungarian* 

IceL . Icelandic. 

t. p. . , id e«Mthat is). 

imp. . imperfect. 

interj. . intezjection. 

Ir. . . Irish. 

It. . . Italian. 

L. . . Latin. 

fiuuc . masculine. 

Malay . Malayan. 

n. standsfornoun. 


Norm. F. 

p. • 
p. a. 




q. V, 

A. • 


S. . 

BC . 

Sp. . 
Sw. . 


V, L 
V. t. 



Norman French. 


participle adjective, 






participle past.' 

participle present. 







quod vide ' which see). 


Roman Catholic. 


seHicet (being understood). 











verb intransitive. 

verb transitive. 



The consonants emploved in the Phonetic spelling, with the exception of jr, retain 
their name sounds, and the vowels, uidess marked, retain their short sounds. The 
diphtholig an or avo represents the sound of a» as heard in all ; ou or 010, that of otr, 
as in now; and 00 unmarked, as in book ; the short sound of od, as in mdon. The 
eharn sound of Oi is indicated bv common letters, as in thin ; the jlai sound by 
■man capital^ as in THen. The syllabic sound of hie, whether terminal or incidental, 
is represented by bl, and the termination hly by ble. By referring to the following 
kev, it will be seen that the notation of long and peculiar vowel sounds is remark 

[y simple :— 

Fftte, far; mS, h^r; mine; nOte; tone; m66n. 





1, TI10 flnt letter ol the alpliAbet in most lan- 
fuagM: — «]i« indefinite article, d^^n^f cne 
or oAjr, plaoed beiiore noons of the ringnlar num- 
ber denoting an indiTidual object, b^ore oolleo- 
tiTe nonne, and aleo before plnial noiuu when 
the aityeetiTe ftw or the phrue great many is 
intexpoeed. It ie a oontraetjon cS the Anglo- 
fiason oa, or one, one, and is sabstitnted for an 
befiare all wccrds beginning with a consonant 
sooad, eseept words beginning with the sound 
of 4 and having the accent on any other syllable 
tbaa the ftnt; as, a table, a woman, a year. A 
tkarp f A i X A mosieal tone between A and B. 
A/bt (A ^>, a tone between A and O. 
lanaie, (A-roo'ik) a. Pertaining to Aaron or 
to Us pKteatly office. 

' (a-bak^ adv. Baekwud, acainst the masts 
of the sails when pressed by the wind. 
(abVkos) n. [LlJ The npper plate upon 
the capital of a ool- 
a in- 
rar enecv* 
Ing flritfanketical cal- 
^t«*j.^« with slid' 

Abaft, (9rlaai^pnp, 

(A-bA'sans) n. Obeisance ; a bow. 
(ab-&l'yen-ftt) v. t. [L. abeUienare-l 
To tnuutfer the title of property to another. 
sk^«ui.— (»-ban'dnn) v. t. [F. aJbandonner.} To 
gire up fiinallr, or with a riew never to resume. 
ibinil— sd. (a-ban'dnnd) p. a. Given up entirely, 
u to a Tiee: [thing is abandoned. 

(a-ban'dnn-e) n. One to whom a 
(a-ban'dun-ment) n. Actofaban- 
antire desertion or reUnquishment. 
K.^A-bOsOv. t [F. abaiuer.} To bring low, 
ss te tba gnrand : to cast down. 
AhsaeoMSKt* (a-bae^ent) n. Act of bringing low. 
Alsoh, (a-bMhO v. (. (F. abaister.] To destroy 
ths aoif-poeaeBsion of, as by sudUeiily exciting a 
miisLlmisiiflSi of guilt, inferiority, or the like. 
(a-bAt^ 9.t if. abaUn,] Literally, to 
iown; to rednoe ftom a higher to a lower 
to dimJniflh; to lessen ;—v.i To dsoieuso; 
lees in strength or violence. 
(»-b«;f oient) n. Act of abating ; de- 
specifieaUy, a remitting, as of a tax; 
feifaBi^ as of a wiit ; removal, as of a nxilsanoa 

Towards the stem; Ikrther 


Abatia, (arba-t«7 n. fF.] A row of sharpened 
branches of trees turned outward for defence. 

Abattoir, (a-bat-tw&r^ a. [F.] A slaughterhouMk 

Abb, (ab) n. Among weavers, yam for the 

Abba, (aVba) n. A Syrlao word meaning fkther, 
used to denote a religious superior. 

Abbacy, (al/ba-se) n. The condition or privileges 
of an abbot. 

Abbe, (ab'ft) n. [F.] Onginally, an abbot; but 
now an eooleeiastic devoted to teaching, tftc. 

Abbess, (aVbes) n. The governess of a nunnery. 

Abbey, (aVbe) n. A residence of monks or nuns; 
•—a church attached to a monastery. 

Abbot, (abn>ot) n. pj. abba. ] UmuI of a com- 
munitv of monks ; superior of an abbey. 

Abbreviate, (ab-brd've-tlt) x.t [L. a6 and bre- 
viart. ] To bring within less space ; to reduce by 
contraction or omission. 

Abbreviati<m, (ab-brO-ve-ft'shun) n. The act of 
abbreviating;— the form to which a word is 
redOoed by contraction, as Qtn. for Qttieti». 

Abbreviator, (ab-brfi've-a-ter) n. One who abbre- 
viates or reduces to a smaller oomposa 

Abbreviature, (ab-bre^ve-a-tOr) n. An abbrevia- 
tion ;^-an abridgment or compend. 

A, B, 0, The flnt three letters of the alphabet, 
used for the whole alphabet 

Abdieant, (aVde-kant) n. One who abdicates. 

Abdieate, (ab'de-kftt) v. t. {Ix ahdieare.} To give 
up right or claim to ; to withdraw from ; — v.i. 
To reUnqulsh an office, right, power, trust. 

Abdication, (ab^e-kft'shun) n. The abandon- 
ment of a public offlo^or of a right or trust. 

Abdicative, (ab'de-ka-tiv) a. Causing, or im- 
plving abdication. 

Aboioator, ^ab-de-ka't«r) n. One who resiRna. 

Abdomen, (ab-dd'men) n. [Ll] The belly, ot 
that part of the body which lies between the 
thorax and the bottom of the pelvis. 

Abdominal, (ab-dom'in-al) n. A kind of fish, 
like salmon, &c., with 
venttml fins behind the 

Abdooe, (ab-dfis^ v- <• 
[Ll albdueere.'\ To draw 
away; to dn&w to a 
different port Abdominal. 

Abduot, (ab-duktO v. t. \U ahductu».\ To take 
away b? stealth or by unlawful force. 

Abduction, (ab-duk'shun) n. llie act of cany- 


Uig Awaj, mptdaHj of a pezion, by fraud or 

AbdaotOTi (ab-dok'ter) n. A penon guilty of ab- 
duction ;— a muaole which wrvet to draw a part 
ont or firom the median line of the body. 

Abeam, (a-b«mO adv. On the beam; at right 
anglee with the ehip'i keeL 

Abeoedaziaa, (a-be-ee-d&'re-an) n. One who 
teaches or who leama the letten of the alphabet. 

Abed, (a-bedO adv. In bed ; on the bed. 

Abehnoik, (atel-moek) n. The Syrian mallow. 

Abeltrae, (AOwl-tre) n. The white poplar. 

Aber, (AlMr) n. [Celtie.] The mouth of a river. 

Abexranoe, (ab-eiPam) n. [JL abtrrare.] Devia- 
tion from reotitode. 

Aberration, (abnar^a'ahun) n. Act of wandering ; 
deviation, especially from truth or moral recti- 
tude .-—alienation of mind;— a small periodical 
change of position in a star or heavenly body. 

Abet, (a-betO v. t. [OldF. abeter.] To encourage 
or incite by aid or countenance ;— to encour- 
age to commit a crime, or awist in a criminal 
act [comging: support 

Abetment, (a-befment) n* Act of abetting or en- 
Abettor, (a-befcr) n. One who abets, aids, or 
encourages : an instigator. 

Abeyaaoe, (a-ba'ans) n. [F. bayer.'l A state of 
suspension with the expectation of a revivaL 

Abhor, (ab-hoiO v. <• [u abkorrere,} To regard 
with horror or detestation ; — to hate extremely. 

Abhorrence, (ab-hor'rens) n. Detestation; hatred. 

Abhorrent, (ab-hor'rent) a. Abhorring; detesting: 
hating : struck with abhorrence ; — ^repugnant 

Ablb, (a'bib) n. The first month of the Jewish 

Abide, (a-bidO v. i To continue in a place ;— to 
continue firm or stable, as to abide by a oon- 
tract:— V. t To stand firm under; to endure 
without shrinking. 

AbiUty,(8rbirie-to)n. {L. habiliUu.] Quality, 
state, or condition of being able ; power to act, 
whether bodily, moral, intellectual, oonven- 
. tiontJ or legal. 

Abintestate, (ab-in-tM'Ut) a. Inheriting the 
estate of one who died without a wiU. 

Abirritetioii, (ab-ir-re-t&'shon) n. Want of 
strength ; debility. 

Abject, (ab'jekt) a. [L. abj€etut.'\ Sunk to a 
low condition ; despicablsk. 

Abject, (abMekt) n. One in a miserable state. 

Abieotioa, (ab-jek'ahun) n. Meanness of spirit. 

Abieetnen, (al/jekt-nes) n. State of being abject 

Abjudicate, (ab-J66'de-kftt) vX To give away in 
judgment [Judicating. 

Abjodioation, (ab-j66-de-kll'shun) n. Aotofab- 
Abjuratioa, (ab-JMr-il'shun) n. The act of re- 
nouncing under oath, or solemnly. 

Abjore, (ab-JMr^ v. (. [L. abjurare,}. To re- 
nounce under oath, or with great<solemnity. 

Ablaetation, <ab-lak-tA'ahun) n. [L. ab and lae.] 
A*weaning of a child :•— a method of grafting. 
Ablaqueato, (ab-UlcwMLt) v. t. To ligr bare or 
expcee, as the roots of a tree. 
AUaqneatioa, (ab-lA-kwC-ft'shun) n. [L. ablaque- 
atio.] Hie process of laying here the roots of 
Ablation, (ab-lA'sbun) n. A carrying away. 
Ablative, (abOa-tiv) a. [L. ablativut.] Taking 
away or removing ;— applied to the sixth case 
of Latin nouns. [nouns. 

Ablative, (al/la-tiv) n. The sixth case of Latin 
Ablaxe, (a-blAx') adv. On fire : in a blaze ;— in a 
■tato of aidoDt desin; highly excit«d. 


Able, (^^) a. [L. kabilU.] Having physical or 

mental power for the aooomplishment of some 

object; having property, skill, or the like. 

AUe-bodiad, (ra-bod-id) a. Having a sound, 

strong body: robnst; ngonms. 

Ablegate, (ablerg&t) «. C [L. a6 and Uaare.] To 

send abroad. [si^t; wiw^nAa* 

Ablepay, (ab^llp-se) n, [O. abUpsia.] Want of 
Abbint, (ab'ia'Ont) n. Something reputed to 

have the power of purifying the blood. 
Ablution, (ab-lu'shun) n. [L. ablutio.] Act of 

cleansing or washing ;— religious purification. 
Ably, (aiale) adv. In an able manner ; with skill 
Abnegate, (ab'ne-gU) v.t. [L. abnegare.] To 

reject [nuuciatiun. 

Abnegation, (ab-ne>gi'shun) n. Denial and ro- 
Abnormal, (ab-norm'al) a. [L. ab and norma.} 

Contrary to rule, law, or system ; irregular. 
Abaormi^, (ab-norm'e-te) }t. State or quality of 

being abnormal or irregular. 
Aboard, (a-b6rd') adv. On board : in a veauL 
Abode, (a-bodO n. Stete or place of rasidenoe. 
Abolish, (arbol'idi) v. t [L. aboUaeer*.] To do 

away with utterly : to put an end to ; to annuL 
AboUahmeat (a-bol'iah-ment) n. Act of abol- 
ishing : abolition. « 
Abolition, (ab^liah'im) n. Act of abolishing, or 

stete of being aboUshed; a doing away with 

finally— applied particularlv to slavery. 
Abolitionist, (ab-d-lish'un-lBt) n. One who favours 

abolition, especially the abolition of slavery. 
Abominable, (a-bom'ia-a-bl) a. Worthy of, or 

causing abhorrence; odious in the highest 

d^ree. [able manner; detestebly ; execrably. 
Abominably, (a-bom'in-a-ble) adv. In an aboniin- 
Abominate, ^a-bom'in-ftt) v. t. [L. abominare.] 

To hate in the highest degree. 
Abomination, (a-bom-in-&'shun) n. Act of a- 

bominating ; loathing ;— an oViect of hatred and 

disgust (tent. 

Aboriginal, (ab-0-rU'in-al) n. An original inhabi- 
Aborigines, (ab-A-riJ'in-t>z) n. pi. [L. €ib and 

origo. ] The original inhabitante of a oountiy. 
Abortion, (a-bor'ahun) n. [L. abortio.] The act of 

miscarrying;— anything which fiujs to come to 

maturity. [efiect 

Abortive, (a-bortlv) a. Immature: fkiling in its 
Abound, (a-bound') v. i. [L. abundare.] To be 

in great plenty ; — ^to be copiously supplied. 
About (a-DOUtO prep. [A-B. ccAufaa.] On ereiy 

side of : all over or around ;— near, in plaoe, time, 

ouantity, or the like. 
Above, (a-bttvO prep. rA.-S. abv^fan.] Higher 

in plaoB than ;— more in number, quantity, or 

degree than. 
Above, (a-buvO adv. Overhead : — ^before in order 

of plaoe ; — ^higher in rank or power. 
Abracadabra, (ab-ra-ka-dab'ra) n. A combinar 

tion of letters, in the form of an inverted cone. 
Abrade, (ab-rOd') v.t [L. abradere.] To wear 


Abraaion, (ab-ra'chun) n. A rubbing or scrap- 
ing off;— substance worn off by attrition. 
Abreast, (a-bresf) adv. Side by side : on a line 

Abridge, (a-br^') v. t [F. abriger.] To bring 

within leas siiaoe : to make shorter: — to deprive; 

— ^to reduce to a more simple exjumsion. 
Abridgment, (a-brij'ment) n. A cutting off or 

shortening ; — a work abridged or epitomised. 
Abroaoh, (a-brOch') ado. Broached; letting out 

liquor, or in a condition to do sa 
I Abr9«d, (a-brawdO adv. At iMge; without oon- 


xt witiun Btairoir limiti ;— «at of « hooM 
either indoiiiJi;«— ia favaign oounfcrie& 

(atM-glt) w.L [L. abrogare.] To an- 

nal bjr aa n^oritAtiTe aot; to aboluih hj 

Mthonij. (nting, «nnqUing» or Mtting aaida. 

(ab-rO-^'abim) m. The act of afaro- 

(ab-raptO a. [L. o^rupttu.] Brokan, 

eag/ji-^wUhaat notioe to prepan fiir 

tho «v«iit ; aodden :— Qnoonziected. 

AbroptiaB, (ab-iup^dknn) n. A nidden breaking 

cM', a Tioleni aeparaiUm of bodiaa. 

A baufflj , (ab-mptlo) odv. In an abrupt man- 

(ab-mpVnea) n. State of being 
: ate^meai; aoddenneM; great baate. 
(ab'Ma) m. [H abtcunu.] A ooUeo> 
of poa or poralent matter in an aooidantai 
KTitj at the hm. [off 

(ab^indO V. <^ [L. abteindtrt.) To out 
(ab-sa'a)!!. (Ik a6«eum«.] One of the 
elcaMDfia at refbrenoe by which . 
a point, aa of a eorre, ii 
nt e ind to » mtem id fixed 
raetiUneal eoOrmnate axec 
ibniwiwi. (ab«zh'an) iw (L. 
otanjftAl Act of catting off; — 
the atalo of beiiw eat off;— « oaAfaMlMa. 
figure ef apeech when a speaker atopa abruptly. 
^b-ekond') t.i. [L. abKonder.j To 

(abtena) a. (L. oftMniia.] A atate of bo- 
nis abeant or withdiawn ftom a place or fhnn 
f*wi>p>n***"**>'<p :— inattention to thingi prennt. 
fikaeat, (aVamt) a. Withdrawn froni, or not 
|iieitnt in. aplace;— inattentiTe to what U pan* 
mg; heedlea; — v.L To take or withdraw to 
Mch a diaiaDee as to preTont interoonne. 
iWataa, (ah«en-t^ a. One who abeenta him- 
ietf frona Aia conntiy, oflbe, poat, or duty. 
Akaathap (ahaiath') a. (L. obntUlUum.} A 
oocdial of bsaady tinotmed with wonnwood. 
AfcaalvKe, {abre6-lut) a. [Lu abaolutui.] Fteedor 
leoeed ficom kny limitation or condition ; un- 
oontroUad: vnamdltioDal ;— compJeto ; flniahed; 
total;— iioiitive : dear; certain; an- 
; ■all-exiatent ; eetf^nfflri ng. 
(ah'aS-lat-le) adv. In an abcoluto 
poaitiTaly : arbitrarily. 

<ab'efr-lAt*Baa)N. QnaUty of being 

ooppleteneai; arbitran^ power. 

, ^UHCfr-Urehnn)*. An acquittal, or 

deelaiiag an aoeuaad person innocent ; 

of idn nonounced by the Roman 

ia Ikvoor of one who makes 

rt or ita prindplea 
Abeoluto govem- 
(ab-«DliO *•(• [Ia- obiolvtn.} To set 
obligation^ debt, or 


(ahaorbO «.t [I<. abtorbere.} * To drink 
in: to andk up; to imbibe aa a sp<mge;— to 
eagraaa or engaga wholly. 
Aksscb«it» (ab-aori/ent) a. A substanoe or a 
bodily offgan which abaarba. 
ALeaipliaa, (ab-acrpUmn) n. Aot or process of 
bciag a lauib e d and made to diaappear by me* 
A^ni^mi meana;— -ptrooesBor act of being made 
!■■! rrlj to dissppear in some other subatanoe, 
thnagh molecolar or other inyisible meana; 
satire eagroasment or occupation of mind. 
fib«aiB, (ab-atlnO v. i. [Ll a6st»a<re.] To Ibr- 
basr, or reftain, ToloBtaiily, and espeoally from 
» jBdBlgiiw of the patioM ar appatttsa. 

Abatanlaoa, (ab^tS'me-ua) & [L. abtUmnu.] 
Sparing in diet; refraining from a finse uae ol 
food and strong drinks: temmsate; abstinent; 
— sparingly used, or used wi^ temperanoe. 
Ahatemimiaty, (ab-stfi'me-ua-le) aav. Tamper* 
ately: spanngly. 

AbatemionaBesa, (ab-stfi'me-us-nes) n. Quality of 

being abstemioua; a sparing uae of food or 

strong drink. [detergent. 

Abstergent, (ab-st^'ent) a. Serrlng to oleanae ; 

Abatineaee, (ab'ste-nens) a. The act or practioa 
of abstaining; voluntaxy ^^^rbftwranmt of any 
action; modnation. 

Abstinent, (al/ste-nent) a. Refraining from in- 
dulgence, especially in pie use of food and drink. 

Abateaet, <ab-straktO v. t [L. abitraeUu.} To 
draw from or separate ; — ^to draw ott, in re^peot 
to interest or attention ;— to ephoiniae or re- 
duce ; to take aecretly fhxm the property of an- 

Abstract, (aVstrakt) a. That which compriiea in 
itself the essential qualities of a larger thing, 
or of seTeial things ; an inventory or mxitome. 

Abstractedly, (ab-strakVed-le) adv. Bj itself; 
in a separate atate. [being abstracted. 

Abatraetedne8a,(ab-strakfed-nes)a. The state of 

Abatraetioa, (ab-etrak'shun) n. Actofabatnct- 
ing, or state of being aeparated;—- a rednae lifo ; 
—absence of mind; inattention to present 
objeoto; — the taking auneptitloualy the pro- 
perty of another. 

AbatraotiTe, (ab-atrskt'iv) a. Having the power 
of abstracting. [street. 

Abatrastneaa, (ab-strakf nes) a. State of b<dng ab- 

Abatruae, (ab-«tr6<W) a. [h. abttnuuM.] LiUtaUp, 
thrust away; hidden ; difficult to beundezatood. 

Abatniaely, (ab-strOteOe) adv. Not plainly. 

Abatraaeneaa, (ab^trdOa'nes) a. State or ^uidityof 
being abstruse. 

Abaard, (ab-surd') a. {JU abturdut.] Oppoeed to 
manifest truth : tnoonsistent with reason, or the 
plain dictates of common sense ; contradictozy. 

Abaardity, (ab-surdVte) a. The ouality of being 
absurd, or inconsistent with obTious Iznthi rea- 
son, or sound Judgment 

Abaurdneaa, (ab-aurd'nes) a. IneoDa&steDcy. 

Abundaaee, (a-bund'ans) a. [L. abundcuUia.) An 
OTwflowing AUness; ample sufliden^; plenty. 

Abundant, ^-bund'ant) a. Fullr anffldent 

Abuadaatlj, (a>band'ant-le) adv. FlentifiUly; 

Abusa, (arbnz^ «. 1 [L. oMimmlI To make aa 
improper use of; to use with bad motlTsa ;— to 
treat ruddy; to revile ;— to deodve ox impose on. 

^nae, (a-bfis^ a. Ill usage ; improper treatment 
or employment ; application to a wrong puzpoae; 
—rude or reproachiul language; contnmdy. 

AbpaiTO, (a-bfis'lT) a. Practiaing abuse; oniBKing 
huah words or ill treatment. 

AbnaiTeBeaa, (a-bus'iT-nes) n. Quality of bdng 
abuaiTe : ill ussgei 

Abut, (a-buf) v.L [F. abwiir.] Totenninato 
or border ; to be contiguous ; to meet 

Abutment, (a-buVment) a. Tbat on whldi a thing 
abute ; the aolid uart of a pier or wall, whidi 
reoeiTea the lateral pressure of an ardL 

Abysa, (a-fais^ n. [O. abimot.} A bottomleai 
dqyth ; a gulf: hence, anr deep. 

Aeaoia, (a-kft'she-a) a. [0. akakUk) A genua of 
legiiminoua treea and sluruba with thoraa. 

Academie, (ak*a^emlk) a. Belonging to the 
sdiooi or philosophy of Plato ;— bdonjpng to aa 
aosdemj or ot)kor ipitltntion 

;— peiongint 


hUnUH'.tA 9A 

Aoftdemidui, (ak-a-de-miah'»«ii) n, A msmber 
of a society for piromotiBg arts ajod sdeDoes. 

Aoadsmy, (a-kaioKe-me) n. A gazden or groTS 
near Athens, belonging originiJly to a person 
named Academns, where Flato and his rollow- 
ezs held their philosophioal OOnferenoes :— a 
school, or seminary, holding a rank between 
a univenity and a otnnmon school ;— a society 
of men united for the promotion of arts and 

JUaathna, (a-kaathns) n. [O. atanthoi.] A genus 
of herbaoeons pricUy plants;— an ornament 
used in the oapltaJs of the Corinthian and 
Composite ordera 

Aeataleotie, (a-kat-a-lek'tik) n. [G. akatalikto*.] 
A Terse which has the complete number of qrl- 
lables without defect or superfluity. 

Aooede, (sk-sBdO v.i. [L. aeeedere.] To sgree 
or assent to tezns proposed by another. 

Aooelerate, (ak-sercr-ftt) v. t [L. aceelerarf.] To 
cause to move foster : — ^to add to the natuiid or 
ordinaiy p rogression of. 

Aocelerati«B, (ak-sel-^r-ft'shun) n. The act of 
accelerating ; increase of motion or action. 

Aooent, (alrsent) n. [Ll aceentua.] A superior 
force of Toioe upon some particular syllable of a 
word ;— a mark used iiv writing to regulate the 
pronunciation ; — words, language, or expres- 
sions in general [mark with accent. 

Aooent, ^-sentO v. f. To pronounce, utter, or 

Accentual, (ak-senf d-al) a. Relating to accent. 

Aooentuate, (ak-senftl-ftt) v. t. To mark or pro- 
nounce with an aooent or accents. 

Aeoentnation, (ak-sent-u-ft'shun) n. Act of 
placing accents in writing, or in potmouncing. 

Aooept, (ak-septO v. t [u aeeeptare.] To re- 
oeire with a consenting mind ; — ^to admit and 
agree to ; — ^to reoeire as obligatory and promise 
to pay. 

AoceptaUa, (ak-sept'arbl) a. Capable, worthy, 
or sure of being accepted or received with 
pleasure. [of being aoceptable or sgiveabla 

Aoeeptablenais, (ak-sepra-bl-nes) n. The quality 

AeoeptaUj, (ak-eept'a-ble) adv. In an acceptable 

Aooeptaaoe, (ak-sepfans) n. The act of ac- 
cepting ; fitTOtirable reception ; — an engagement 
on a UU of exchange, to pay it when due ; the 
bill itself when accepted. 

Aoeeptation, (ak-sep-ta'ahun) n. Kind reception. 

AoMfttbUt (ak-sept'er) n. A person who aooeptB ; 
tpeeytcaUyf who accepts a bill of exchange. 

Aooeas,(ak-ses',ak'ses)n. [L. occottu.] A com- 
ing to, or near apfuroach: admittance;— addi- 

Aecesaary, (ak'ses-ser^) a. Additional ;— unit- 
ing in a crime. [being approachable. 

AeoaiBibility, (ak-«es-se-bil'e-te) n. Quality of 

Aooesaible, (ak-ses'e-bl) a. "Easy of approach. 

Aoeessioa, (ak-sssh'un) n. [L. aeee»nc.] Act of 
acceding and becoming Joined: — increase by 
■omethmf added ; — act of arriring at a throne. 

Aoeenoriaj, (ak s es s yre-al) a. Pertaining to an 
aoceswry. [some effect 

Aeoeaso r y, (ak^sss^er-e) a. Aiding in producing 

Aeee a soi iy , (ak'ses-ser-e) n. One guuty of a 
ftlonioas olbnos, thou^ not present at its pet^ 

Aeddanee, fak'sfr^ens) n. A small book contain- 
ing the accidents or rudiments of grammar. 

Aaeident, (ak'se-dent) n. [L. ad and eado.] An 
enrent which la not expected; casualty; con- 

AeeldeBtid, (ak-se-dent'al) a. Happening unex- 
pectedly ;--non-eaMntIal: not neoesBazfly be- 

Aoeidsntal, (ak-se-denVal) n. Any thing happen^ 
ingaoddentallY; a casualty. 

AoddaataUy, (ak-se-denVal-le) adv. By chance; 

Anolaini, (ak-klSm') v. t [L. aeelavuirt.] To 
honour or meet with applause ; — >to salute. 

Aeelaim, (ak-klamO n. A shout, exprassiTe of = 
assent, choice, or approbation. (applause. 

Aoelamatlwi, (ak-kla-ml.'shun) n.. A shout of 

Aeolimata, (ak-kli'mftt) v. U To haUtoate to a 
dimate not native. 

Acclimation, (ak-kli-mA'shun) n. The prooeaa 
of. becoming, or the state of being, aoelimated. 

Aoolimatiie, (ak-kli'ma-tiz) v. t. To acclimate. 

Anelftnstura, (ak-kli'ma-tfir) n. Act of acclimat- 


LvityV (sk-kUv'e-te) n. [L. aeeliviUxa.) A 
slope or inclination of the earth; rising ground; 

Aooommodata, (ak-kom'm6-dat) v. t [L. tteernn- 
modart.] To render fit; to adapt;— to fomiah 
with something desired, or convenient ; — to 
bring into Mroement 

Aoeommodatmg, (ak-kom'mO-dat-ing) a. Afford- 
ing or disposed to afford aooiMnmodation ; oblig- 

Aoeommodatioa, (ak-kom-m&-dil'ahun) n. The 
act of fitting, or tiie state of being fitted ; adap- 
tation;— an adjustment of differences ;— a loan 
of money ;•-« flstitious bill to raise money on. 

Aoeompaaimeat,' (ak-kum'pa-ne-ment) n. That 
which accompanies ; that attends as a drcum- 
stanoe, or is added by way of ornament or for 
symmetry; a part pezfoxmed by instruments 
aocompanving voices. 

Aooompanut, (sk-kum'pa-nist) n. Hie per- 
former in music who takes an accompanying 
part [to keep company with. 

Aeoompaay, (ak-kum'^ne) v.L To go with ; 

Aooomplioe, (ak-kom'plis) n. A oooperator or 
associate in general; a partaker in guilt 

AoeoD^Uah, (ak-kom'pliih) v. t [F. aecomplir.] 

To finish in time; to complete; — ^to bring to 

pass;— to ftimish with whatever may render 

complete, in. 
Aooompliaued, (sk-kom'^Usht) p. a. Complete 

and peifocted, as the result of training. 
AeoempHshmenti (ak-kom^>lish-menl) n. Act of 

aooomplJhhing;— excellence of mind or manners. 
Aoeord, (ak-koid') n. [Fhnn L. cor, eordiM,} 

Agreement ; oonient ; — ^harmony of soundsL 
Accord, (ak-koxd') v. t To make to agree or 

correspond; to adjust; — ^to concede; — v.i. To 

agree ; — ^to sgree in pitch and tone. 
Aooosdaaoa, (ak-kord'ans) n. Agreement: oon- 

foimity. [sonant: agreeable. 

Aeoordaat,(ak-kord'ant)a. Corresponding; oon- 
Aocordiag , (ak-kord'ing) p. a. In harmimy with ; 

suitable. [with; consequently. 

Aooording 1 J, (ak-kord'ing-le) adv. In aooordanoe 
Accordion, (ak-kordVun) n. A amall keyed 

iK-ind - instrument, whose 

tones are generated by 

the play ox wind upcm 

metaUio reeds. 
Aooort, (ak-kost} v. t. [L. 

od and eotfa.] Toaddreae; 

to speak first to. Acoordloeu 

Aooouohement (ak-k<yd8h-mongO **• [I^J De- 
livery in child-birth. 


r,{ak-fc6teh-iu0ik [F.] A man who 

iA diild-birUi : a man^midwiib. 

(ak-kooBtO n. A raokoniog :— a written 

frintwi atatonent of paooniazy tnnaactlona ; 

a ata^amwnt of reaaona; » ralation or d»- 

eatunata; — ^ixnportanoe; valaa. 

(ak-koontO v.t. (L. ad and «n»pu(ar«.] 

i; — to fa<i mata ;-~». i To render a r»- 

of pailicQlan or laaaona in a reckoning 

/, (ak-koant-arbil'e-te) n. The 

of baiiig aooountabla, or liable to pay lor 

inlvxj doBau [called to aoooanl 

fcimauMtalila, (ak-koant'»-bl) a. Uablato be 

iariaiataat, Cak-koonVant) n. One who keepa, 

or Sa akilled In, aoocmnta. 

(ak-konntliMk) n. A book and 

(2k-kA0fcr) v.t. [F. aeewirer.] To 
ftoBiab with draaa or aqnipmenta. [tiupinga. 
(ak-kM^tQr-mento) ti. pL Dreas; 
(ak-kndlt)v.L (U aecreditua.] To give 
to; to eredit ;— to aend with aredentiaia. 
(ak-kre^ahnn) n, [U aecntio.} An 
bj natual growth. 
(ak-kiM9v. u [F. aeeru«.] Toinoreaae; 
to ba added, aa pniftt, or damagB. 
liiiiykatiBB, (ak-kfl-ba'thon) «. A lying on a 
ccNsdiL, aa pnwtiaed brtheandenta at nieala. 
(ak-kwni>ent) a. Leaning or 

-kff!mQ-lAt) r. L [L. aecumulatut. ] 
up in a maas; to collect ;—i>.i. To 
to n groat aiza, number, or quantity; 

(ak-kfl-mii-lA'ahmi) n. Act of 
in^ting» or that which iB aoconralated. 

(ak-kfi'mn-lA-tiT) a. Ganaing ao- 
««. . ineraaaing greatly. 
r, (ak1cft-ifl-aa) n. State of being ac- 
f foMifimnity to truth or rule ; ezaotnen. 
(aklcfi-rftt) a. (L. aeairatut.] In 
ee nliiiuii ty to truUi, or to « standard; fne 
V, ot defecL [manner. 

r, (akOcu-rit-le) adv. In an aocnrate 
(ak-kntO v.L To imprecate eril or 

(ak-kun'ed) pp. or a. Doomed; do- 

(ak-kil-i&'ahttn) n. Act of aoooaing ; 
of which one la accoaed. 

Cak>k&E'at-iv) eu Fkodudng or oon- 

The fourth 


(ak-kaz'at-iT) n. 
Greek and lAtin nonaL 

, {ak-kOaO *• ^ [!«> otcumrt.) To charge 
n crime or fiuiK ; in lav, by pubUoprooeaa. 
r, (ak-kte'er) n. One who Vringa a charge, 
(ak-kua'tam) v. t To nuuM fbmiliar 
I ; to habituate or inure. [ary. 

/, (ak-kus'tam-A-re) a. tTeuaI;ordin- 
Aae, (ia) ». (L. a«.1 A aingle point on a card 
er die ; or tha card ao marked ;— a particle; an 

(a-aaFda-ma) n. [C. kkakd and 

.) A llaU novchaaed with the bribe which 

Jodaa took fiv Mtraying hia Maater— the Jltld 

^blood. [out a head. 

laighalBM, (a-asfal-ua) a. [O. alephalot.} With- 

iaaiWtf , i^^vi'hn-U) n. Soumaai, with a^ 

•tringenoT :— UttenMS or aarerity. 

Bt, (MB'ant) Ok (Lb aee»eetu.] Taming 
r; nadily beoomlng tart or add. 

Aoatata, (as'ae-tat) n. A aalt formed by aoetio 
add united to a baae. 

Aaetie, (a-aefik) a. [L. aeeticut.] Compoaed 
of four parte each of carbon, hydxogen, and 
oxygen; relating to auch an aaid, aa, aettie 

Aoetifleatioii, (»«et^lb-kA'ahun) m. The aet of 
making aoetoua or aour, or of making TinegB-r. 

Acetify, (a-aet'e-fi) v. t. or i. [L. aeetum and 
facere. ] To turn into add or Tinegar. 

Aoetimatar, faa-e-timVt^r) n. [L. acetum and 
metrum.] An inatrument for aaoertaining the 
strength of adds. 

Ache, (ak) v.i. [O. ackoi.] To auiTer pain; to 
hare, or be in, liain; to bo distreaed. 

Aehe, (Ik) n. Continued pain, in oppodtion to 
sadden twingee, or spaamodio pain. 

Adiaron, (ak'er-on) «. [O. ocAoTand roos.'i A 
ikbled rirer in the lower regions. [achiered. 

AohievmUe, (a-dieVa-bl) a. Capable of being 

Aohieva, (a^eV) v. t. [F. aehever.] To cany 
to a final doee; to bring into a pesfeoted 
state ; to aooomplish. 

Aehiarament, (a-diS^teent) n. Act of per- 
forming ;— a heroio deed ;— an eacutcheon. 

Aehromatio, (ak-rd-mat'ik) a. [O. aehrtmatoB.] 
Free from colour ; not ahowing colour. 

Aeioolar. (ansik'a-lar) a, [L aeicula,] Needle- 

Aoid, (aald) a. Sour ; baring the taste of vinegar. 

Aoid, (aa'id) n, [L. aeidu*.] A sour subatanoe ;-~ 
a substance oombining with alkaliea and alkaline 
oxides, and reddening most Uue Tegetabie ool- 
oun. usually with a strong, sharp taatei 

Aoidifler, (ardd'e-fi-er) m. A mnple or com- 
pound piindple necessary to produce addity. 

Acidify, (arddVfl) v. U To make add. 

Addi^, (a^d'e-te) n. Quality of bcdng acid or 
sour ; sharpness : soumeas. [acid. 

Aeidulnte, (a^d'Q-lftt) v. t. To make dlghtly 

Aeiduloua,(a«d'iZ-lus)a. [!'• o^idu/tu.] Sourish. 

AeknowMga, (ak-norej) v.t [Old B. ah- 
funeledge.] To arow, or confhas * knowledge 
of; to recognise as a truth :— to reoogniae in a 
particular diaiaeter ; — ^to own ^th gratitude. 

Aoknowledgmant, (ak*noreJ-ment) n. Act of 
acknowledging ; s om ething done in return for 
a Ikrour ;— a dedaration of one'a act, to give it 
validity. [highest point of a thing ; crisis. 

Aome, (ak'me) n. [O. aimi.] The hdght, top, or 

Aooljte, (ak'o-lit) n. [O. akolouthoi.] A com- 
panion ; an associate :— an attendant star. 

Abonita, (ak'o-nit) n. Wolf'a-bane, apoison. 

Aooni, (aicom) n. [A-S. meem.} l^e aeed or 

Aootyledon, (a-ko-til-^don) n. 
[G. a priv. and kotuUddn.] 
A plant in which the aeed- 
lobea are not prasent. Aoorl 

Aeonctio, (a-kous'tik) a. [O. akouBliJtoa.} Per- 
taining to the ears, to the senn of hearing, or to 
the sdenoe of sounds. [sounds. 

Aflonitioa, (a-kous'tiks) n. tinp. The adenoe of 

Aoqioaint, (ak-kwftnV) v.t [Old F. oeeotafrr, 
from L^ adeognit4ire.1 To make AxUy or in- 
timatelv known. 

Aeqaafatanea, (ak-kwftnt'ans) n. A state of be* 
Ing aoquainted ; Ikmiliar knowledge ;— « person 
well known. 

Aoquieaoe, (ak-kwfl^sO iK.i [Lb aequieteere.'] 
To rest satisfied: — ^to concur upon conviction. 

Aoqaieaoanea, (ak-kw«-es'eiis) n. A sUent assent 
or a submindon with apparent onnpUanosb 




AeqaieioMit, («k-kirfi««f'ant) 
dkpoMd to rabrnit. 


JLoqiiiimUa. (ak-kwir'a-l)!) a. Capable of being 

Aofiiin, (ak-kwirO v.t [u aegutrerf.] To gain, 
UBoaUj by one's own laixrar or exertions. 

lent, (ak-kwir'ment) n. The act of ac- 
», or that which is acquired, 
lueiit (ak-kwB-siah'an; Ik Act of aocjuir- 
ing ;— ti^e ttung gained. [aoquisitiooe. 

AetniritJy, (ak-kwix'it'iT) a. Diipoeed to make 

▲oqnhuti'ViBeM, (ak-kwlnt-iT-nee) n. State or 
qoalitjr of being aoquieitiTe ; — the organ which 
&■ rappoMd to giTe riae to thie deBira 

Aoqnit, (ak-kwitO v.t [F. ojcquititr.^ To aet 
free; to dieohazge from aa aocueation or sus- 
picion ; to xeleaae ftcfta, duty ; — to conduct one's 

AeqiiitoMBt, (ak-kwif ment) n. Act of acquitting. 

Aoquittal, (ak-kwif al) n. Delirerance from the 
ohane of an ofltooe. 

AequttaBoe, (ak-kwit^ans) n. The act of di>- 
dhaifing from debL or obligation ;— « writing 
in eridenoe of a diicharge; a reeeipt in AiU. 

Aaraao. (a-krftz^ «. t To make eruy : to impair. 

Aere, (ft^r) n. fA.-8. actr^ L. ager.^ A pieoe 
of land oontaining 160 equan rods or perches, 
or 4840 square yards, or 43,660 square feet 

AorMge, (ftlK^r-i^) n. A sum total of acres. 

Aorid, (arrid) a. [L. accr.] Of a bitihg taste ; 
■harp; pungent; hanh. 

AniuieM, (ar rid-nes) n. A sharp, harsh quality. 

Aorhnonioina, (ak-re*mO'ne-us) a. Abounding 
with acrimony ; ■ ■arcastia 

Acrimony, (ak're-mun-e) n. A quality which 
oorrodes, dissoWes, or destroys ;->-eharpneas of 
language or temper. 

Aoiitude,(ak'rB-tAd)fi. [] Biting heal 

Acrobat, (ak'ro-bat) n. [G. oXtm and baindn.] 
One who practises his^ yaulting, Ac. 

Aeropolia, (a-krop'o-lis) n. A citadel, and 
especially the dtadel of Athena 

Aonwpire, (ak'nvapir) n. [O. akrv and fpeira.] 
A sprout at the end of a seed. 

AcnNWt (a-kroeO prep. From side to aide, or in a 
direction oppoeed to the length of. 

Aoroatio, (a-kros'tik) n. [0. akroHichon.^ A 
oompotttioii in rvnt^ the first or last letters of 
the lines conjunctly form a name or sentence. 

Act, (akt) v.v [L. oertM.] Tb exert power; — 
to be in action or motion; — ^to behave or con- 
duct: — V. t. To perform on the stage;— to as- 
sume the oflSoe or diaraoter oC 

Aet) (akt) «. That which is done or doing * per- 
Honnattoe; deed;~the decision of a legislatiTe 
bodr, court, or magistrate ;— a record contain- 
ing lawa and determinations ;— one of the prind- 

jpai diTiaiona of a play. 

Antiniam, (ak'tin-ucm) n. A property in the 
solar rays which produces chemical changes, as 
in photonaphy. 

Aetfon, (arshun) n. Exertion of power or force ; 
motion produced;— an act or thing done: be- 
haTiour ;— gesture ; — a process in a court of jua> 
Uoe ;— an engagement between troops in war. 

Aetiwiabto, (arshun-a-bl) a. Admitting a suit, 
or the bringing of an action at law. 

Aetif*, (ak'uT) a. Having the power or quality 
of acting ; communicating action ;— energetic ; — 
produdng real effects— opposed to tpeeulaiive; — 
■Tjnwwlng the tranaition fkom agent to object^ 

In an aotiTe manner. 

Afltirdy, (akHiT-le) <ul«. 
AmAM^^ (ak-tiT'a-te) «. 

Aetor, (akt'er) fi. One who acta ; especially, one 

who repreeente characters on the stam. 
Aetual, (akf d-al) a. [L. cetucM$.] Existing in 

act— opposed to pouibU or Uuontieal; — exist- 
ing at the preeent time. [actnaL 
Aotaality, (akt-a-alVte) n. The sUte of being 
ActnaUie, (akfa-al-ix) v. t. To make actuaL 
Aotuallj, (akf Q-al-le) adv. In act or Iket ; really. 
Actuary, (akt'fl-a-re) n. A registrar or clerk ; 

— ^the manager cf an insurance company. 
Actuate, f akt'O-SLt) v. t. To put into action ; to 

move or indte to action. 
Aculeate, (a-kaie-Ht) a. Having sharp points. 
Acumen, (a-ku'men) «. [L. acutrt.] Quickness 

of peroeption ; penetration ; nice discrimination. 
Anuntinate, (a-ku'min-at) v. t. To render sharper 

keen ;— v. i. To end in, or come to, a shnrp 

point. [ing : termination in a sharp point. 

Aouiniaation, (a-kQ-mio-a'shun) n. A snju^ten- 
Aenpnnotorejjak-a-pungk'tar) n. [L. ociw, and 

Tpunctura,} The introduction of needles into the 

living tissues for remedial purjxMea. 
Aoute, (a-kutO a. Sharp at the end— oppoeed to 

blwiU ; — shrewd— opposed 

to dull; — ^high, or shrill — 

opposed to gravt at lew;-' 

attended with symptoms 

of severity, and coming Aeatasngla 

speedily to a crisis— opposed to chronic. 
Aoute-aaffled, (a-kut'aug-gld) a. Having sharp 

angles. [keenly. 

Acutely, (a-kCltle) adv. Sharply; shrewdly ; 
Aouteneaa, (a-kut'nes) n. Sharpnen of intellect. 
Adage, (ad'^J) n. [L. adagiuni] A saying which 

has obtained credit by long use. 
Adagio, (ad-A'je-o) n. [It] A piece of music 

in slow time. 
Ad a m a n t, (ad'a-mant) n. [0. adama*,} A name 

given to the diamond and other substances of 

extreme hardness ; — ^londstona 
Adamantine, (ad-a-mant'in) a. Made of, or hav- 
ing the qu^ties of, adamant 
Adamie, (ad'am-ik) a. Pertaining to AdanL 
Adam'a-appl0| (ad'ama-ap'pl) m. A spedee of 

dtron. [or suitable. 

Adapt, (a-dapt^ v. t. [L. adaptan.'\ To make fit. 
Adaptability, (a-dapt-a-bil'e-te) n. ()uaUty of 

suitableness. (adapted. 

Adq^ble, (a-dapfa-bl) a. Capable of being 
Adaptation, (a-dap-tft'shun) n. The act of fitting; 

Adapter, (a-dapfer) n. One who adapts:— a 

vessel with two necks between a xetcnrt and a 

Add, (ad) t>. t. [L. addtrt.^ To Join or unite one 

thing or sum to another, to form into one 

agsregate. [added ; an appendix. 

Adaandum, (ad-den'dum) n. [L.] A thing to be 
Adder, (ad'^r) n. [A.-S. aticr.] A venomous 

serpent; a viper. 
Adder'a-wort, (ad'crz-wert} 

91. Snakeweed, so named 

from its supposed virtue 

in curing the bite of 

■erpenta. \i 

Addiot, (ad-dikV) «.(. [L.'^ 

addictut.} To apply habit- 
ually : to devote. 

Addiotednaaa, (ad-dikf ed-neaVn. Devotedi 
Addition, (ad-dish'un) n. The act of adding 

two or more things together;— any thing added; 

inarease ; — the branch of arithmette whidi treats 

of adding numbers 



(■dr^iahfiui-al) a. Added; «anieiliiiig 


AUitimaDf, (id-dUh^ui-«l-Id) adv. By waj of 
(ad'dOo. [A.-& odq Haring lost the 
of derelopaient ; oormpi ; buren. 
(ad'dl} r. t To make oonnpft 

(ad-dreeO «. L {L. dirtetu$.'i To direct 

or djaeoone to:-^feo dinot in writing, ae 


(ad-dz«0 «> A ftmnal epnlioaiion or 

-nmoMBc ef apeaking;— daxkiritj; — 

of a letter. 
(ad-dfiOv-t (Xfc addntetrt.] ToafTer; 
to Iving forward by war of proof [duoed. 

Addacfga, (ad-dtt ■e-M) a. Gamble of Iwing ad- 
Aimft,iiiMplf}n. On« well akilled in any art^ 
Heft^ (a<d^«^ «. [I* adtptut.] Well rened 
or aMfiudBted with. [to; tdUj safficieot^ 

jaafnatab C^C-kwU) a. [L. adcbouatui.] Equal 
AdMtttalr, (adVkwfti>le) otfv. In proportion; 

iifhiaa, (wi-hfiO ^^ [^ odtorere.] To atick 
&sfc; to booomo united ;— to be attadied or de- 
[adhering; i t eady attachment. 
(ad-hei'enB) n. Qnality or state of 
(ad-hix'ent) a. United with or ta 
(ad-hei'ent) n. One who clearea to, 
' eu.|nmte aome peraon or oanae. [manner. 
hanntlj, (ad-bb'ent-le) adv. In an adherent 
(ad-hCahnn) n. The force with which 
boilfan adhere when Inought into oontad 
(ad-hraT)a. Sticky: tenaciooa. 
(ad-htfUv-le) adw. In an adheaiTe 
[etickixur or adhering^ 
(ad-hCaiT'nee) n. The qnality of 
ft (ad-boT'tA-to-rB) o. [L. ociAorfari.] 
' eoonael or wanimg. 

[P. d Dieu, to God.] Good- 

(a^dr)ii. Atkrewea 
«, (adVpte) a. [L. cuIipotiM.] Fatty. 
Aiiii, (adrtt) n. {U aditut.) A horizontal or 

inettnad antntnee into a mine ; a drift ; — aooesa. 
Adiaw7, (nd-ja'aen-ae) n. [L. adhere.] State 

cc bainf eentignoaa. 

IdlMcnt, (ad-J&'aent) a. Lying near, doae. 
Ai^MtffW. (ad>k-tiT) M. (L. adjeetiimm.'i A 

word wtaed with a nonn or aobatantiTe, to de- 

scribo it, or to denote aome property of il 
hiimiiU^j. (ad^ek-tir-le) adv. In tiie manner 

or an a4)«cUTeL 
A4i«iB. (ad-|oinO v. t [F. adjaindre.} To Join 

or vnite to;-H». t. To be contilgaoQa ; to oe in 


(ad'jnnO *• '• tP- ajounur.] To pint 
to anothaf day :— -ir. i. To aospend the aea- 
■MMi of n pnbMo body. 

Adjiuiiiinmit, (ad-Jnm'tawnt) n. The patting off 
to another day;-^e interral during which a 
pablie bod^ doCna baaineas. 
Xj^ndgc (ad-JqJ9 v.L [L. adjudieare.) To de- 
cree indiaally ;— to aentence ; to condemn. 
Adjnilenta, (pd-jM'do-lat) v. L To determine, 
aaneoBftb [aentence; dedaion. 

AdMUattti«a» (ad-M^de-ka'ahon) n. Judicial 
A4«dk«fear, (ad-Jbd'de-kn-tcr) n. Ono who do- 
liiiiiliw 111 aijlulliratna 

A^fvMt, (ad-JungktO n. (L. a4funehu.} Somo- 
lUEBg JaiiMd to another ; an appendage. 
(ad-JungktO & Added or united. 

(nd-jungk'ahun) n. The act of 

(ad-jnni^T) a. Hsviog the quality 

A^uration, (ad-JM-ra'ahun) n. A aolemn charg- 
ing on oath :^tho fonn of oath. 

Abjure, (ad-Jd6r^ v. t. [L. oc^rorr.] To chargo 
or entreat under oath. 

A4just, (ad-JuatO v. (. [L. oc^^uafore.] To mako 
exact ;— to reduce to order :— to aet right 

AdJuataUa, (ad-JuatVbl) & Capable of being 
amuated. [a4Juflta. 

A^fuater, (ad-juat'er) n. One who, or that which, 

A4)uatment, (ad-Juat^ent) n. Act of reducing 
to order ; anangement [Jutant. 

AdQutuioj, <ad'Jd6-tan-ae) n. Tb« office of an ad- 

Adjutant, ([ad'jM-tant) n. An officer who aacista 
the aupenor officen in the exo- 
cotion of ordera, conducting 
correepondence, Ac; — a Tery 
large apedea of atork, a naUTo 
of India. 

Admeaaare, (ad-meBh'Or) v.t 
[LkCutandfRCMUfare.] Totake 
the dimenaiana of ;-*to appor- 

AdmeMONBuat, (ad-mezh'Or- 
ment) n. Act of ascertaining Adjutant. 
the dimrniaiona ;— the dimenaiona aaoertaiued. 

AdmenauratioB, (ad-men-Bur-a'ahun) 11. Admeaa- 

Adndniater, (ad-min'ia-t^ v.t. (L. adminU' 
trare,] To conduct, aa amdra ;— to dispvntse, aa 
Justice ; to tender, aa an oath ;— to aettle, as the 
estate of one who dies without a wiU ;— v. i To 
bring idd. 

AdminiattntieB, (ad-min-ia-tra'ahun) n. The 
exeeutiTe part of goTcmment ;— distribution ;— 
management of the estate of an intestate. 

Adminiitrative, (ad-min'is-trat-iT) a. Adminis- 
tering; that by which a thing ia administered. 

Adndmatrater, (ad-min-ia-trftt'er) n. One who 
mana^ or diatMnaes laws and righta. 

Adnuniatratcrahip, (ad-min-ia-tr&t'er-ship) n. 
Office of administrator. [who administera. 

Adminiatratriz,(ad-min-iB-travrikB)fi. A woman 

Admirable, (ad'me-rarbl) a. Worthy of admira- 
tion, [manner. 

Admirably, (ad'me-xm-ble) adv. In an admirable 

Admiral, (ad'me-ral) n. [A. amIr-ai-MAr.j A 
naral officer of the higheat rank. 

Admiralahip, (ad'me-ral-ahip) n. The office cf 

Admiralty, fad'me-ral-te) n. The body of officers 
appointeid for the management of naTal affairs ; 
— ^the building where they sit. 

Admiration, (ad-me-ra'shun) n. Wonder; won- 
der mingled with Iotc or yeneratien. 

Admire, (ad-mlxO v.t. [L. admitxiri.'] To re- 
gard with wonder ;— to prize highly ;—v. i. To 
wonder; to marvel. 

Admirer, (ad-miz^cr) n. One who admires; n 
loTcr. [ty of being admissible. 

Admiitibility, (ad-mia^e-bU'e-te) n. The quaU- 

Admiaaible, (ad-mia'ae-bl) a. Capable or worthy 
of being admitted. 

A^'i^ffirHt (ad-miah'un) n. Act of admitting; 
—power to enter;— the granting of a point m 

Admit, (ad-mit^ v.t, [L. admittere.} To grant 
entrance to ; — ^to reodTc aa true. 

Admittanoe, (ad-mifans) n. Act of admitting; 
—permission to enter;— act of giving possession. 

Adndx, (ad-miks^ v.t. To mingle with some- 
thing else. [mixed. 

Admiztnre, (ad-mikat^Or) «. A mixing :— what ia 

Admir^'N (ad-mon'iah) v,L [U admanen.} 




Admoaither, Fad-moD'Uh-fr) n. 
Admonitioii, (ad-m5-niBh'aB) n. 

To reproT* gently ;— to ooirnMl nffanat irxoDg ; 

— to iostnict. 

A ropioTsr. 
I n. Gentto reproof; 

friendly adriee. (i«h«B. 

Admonitor, (ftd-monVter) n. One who admon- 
AdnaaocB t , (ad-naa'ent) a. [L. adnateeiu.] Grow- 
ing to or on aomething elie. [trouble. 
Ado, (a-dd(/) n, [FreftK a, to do.} Bustle: 
Adoleaoenoe, (ad-^lei'ena) n. Tonth ; the period 

between childhood and manhood. 
Adolesoent, (ad-6-]ee'ent) a. [L. cdoUteent.] 

Growing ; advanoing to manhood. 
Adopt (a-dopV) v. L [L. adoptiire.] To reeeire 

the child of another and treat it aa one'a own; 

to choose or select 

Adopter, (a-dopt'^) n. One who adopta. 
Adoption, (a-dop'shun) n,. The act of adop- 
ting, or state of being adopted. 
Adontble, (a-dOr'arbl) a. Worthy of adoration. 
Adorablenesi, (ard6r'a-bl-neB) n. The quality of 

being adorable. [worship. 

Adoraldy, (ardOr'apble) adv. With adoration or 
Adonttimi, (ad-5-r&'ahun) n. Worship paid to 

the DlTine Being ;— homage paid to one in high 

Adore, (a-dor^ v. t [L. adorare.'] To worship 

with rererenoe :— to love in tiie highest degree. 
Adorer, (a^idr'tr) n. A worshipper ; a lorer. 
Adorn, <a-domO v.L [L. adomare,] To render 

beautiful ; to decorate. 
Adornment, ^ardom'ment) n. Ornament. 
Adowni (ardoon') pr^. Down; toward the 

ground. (dom ; at large. 

Adrift, (a-drift') ec. or adv. Floating at ran- 
Adroit, (a-droif) a. [F. d droit.] Foaaaasing 

skill or dexterity; ready In invention. 
Adroitly, (a-droitle) adv. In an adroit manner. 
Adroitaeaa, (a-droifnes) n. Dexterity; xeadi- 

nesB of body or mind. 

Adiy, (andriO a. Thirsty ; in want of drink. 
Adacititioaa, (ad-ee-tish'us) a. [Ftom L. ed- 

Kiaeere.] Taken as supplemental ; additional 
Adulation, (ad-Q-l&'shuu) n. [L. adulaiio.} 

Servile flattery ; sycophancy. 
Adulatory, (ad'u-la-t&-re) a. Flatteting to exoeis. 
Adult, (a-dultO a. [L*. aduUus.] Having ma- 
ture yean, or tall abe and strength. 
Adult, (a^ult^ n. A person grown to maturity. 
Adulterant, (a-dnltfir^ant) n. A person or thing 

that adulterates. 
Adulterate, (a-dul't^r-ftt) v.t {h- advtUerare.] 

To make impure by admixture of baser materiala. 
Adulterate, (a-dul't^r-at) a. Tainted ; corrupted. 
Adulteration, (a-dul-tcr-a'shun) n. Act of a- 

dulteratlng, or state of being adulterated. 
Adulterer, fa-dul'tfr-er) n. [u adulter.} A man 

who is guilty of adultery. 
Adoltereaa, (a-dul'ter-es) n. A woman who has 

committed adultery. [adultery. 

Adulterine, (a-dul't^r-in) n. A chUd bom in 
Adulteroua, (ardul'tfir-os; a. Pertaining to, or 

guilty of, adultery. [marriage vow. 

Adultery, (ardul'ter-e) n. A violation of the 
Adultneaa, (a-duH'nes) n. The state of being an 

adult. [shadow. 

Adumbrant, (ad-um'brant) a. Giving a &int 
Adumbrate, (ad-nm'brilt) v.L [L. adumbrare.} 

To shadow fkintlv forth ; to typify. 
Adumbration, (ad-um-brft'shun) n. The act of 

shadowing forth ; — a faint rosemblancei 
Adnat, (a-dustO a. [h. admtu4.} Burnt or 

scorched; hot and fiery. 

Advaiiee, (ad-vaasO v. t [Old F. awmcer.) To 
bring forward ;— to raise to a higher rank ; — 
to offnr;— to supply beforehand ;—« i. To go 
forward :— to improve ; — ^to rise in rank. 

Advanoe, (ad-vansO «• Act of moving forward; 
—improvement;— additional price or profit;— 
a ftuniahing of aomething beforehand. 

Advance^ (ad-vansO a. Before in place, or in 

Advaaoement, (ad-vans'meint) n. Act of advanc- 
ing or state of being advanced ; nromotion. 

Advancer, (ad-vans'er) n. One wno advatioea. 

Advantage, (ad-Tanf^j) n. {?. avantoffi.] Bene- 
fit; profit. [mota 

Advantage, (ad-vanfaj) v.t. To benefit ; to pro- 

Advantageoua, (ad-van-ti^'ns) a. Being of ad- 
vantage ; furnishing opportunity to gam bene- 
fit ; profitable. [advantageous manner. 

AdvantageoQaly, (ad-Tan-ti^'na-le) adv. In an 

AdTeat, (ad'vont) n. [Lk adventtu.] A com- 
ing ; sp^iftcallfft the coming of Christ 

Adrentitums, (ad-ven-tish'us) a. [L. advcn- 
titius.] Addedextrlnaieally;aocldental;— outof 
the proi>er place. [adventitious manner. 

Adventitiooaly, (ad-ven-ti^'us-le) adv. In an 

Adventual, (ad-venVii-al) a. Pertaining to the 
season of advent 

Adventure, (ad-vent^fir) n. {L. adventttra.] 
Snterpriae; a bold undertaking. 

Adventure, (ad-venVtir) v. L To put at haiaxd ; 
to risk ; — v. i. To try the chances ; to dare. 

Adventurer, (ad-vent'ur-er) n. One who adven- 
tures; one who rellea on his good fortune. 

Adventor ou i, (ad-venViir-nB) a. Inclined to ad- 
venture; daring; enterprising. 

Adverb, (ad'vcrb) tk [lA.adverhium.} A word 
used to modify the sense of another. 

Adverbial, (ad-vfirbVal) a. Belating to or like 
an adverb. [An enemy. 

Adversary, (ad'vsr-aar-e) n. [L. adversarivii.} 

Adverse, (ad'v^rs) a. [L. advertui.} Acting in 
a contrary direction ; conflicting ; — calamitous. 

Adversely, (ad'vfiis-Ie) adv. With opposition; 

Adversity, (ad-vers^t-e) it. Adverse circum- 
stances; eevero triala or misfortunea 

Advert, (ad-veitO v.i. [L. advertere.} To turn 
the mind or attention. 

Advertenoe, (ad-vert'ens) n. Attention ; regard. 

Advertent, (ad-v{rt'ent) a. Attentive; heediU. 

Advertise, (ad-ver-tizO r. t. or i. [From L. ad- 
vertere.] To give notice to ; to inform ;— to make 
known through the prKs. 

Advertisement, (ad-v^r^tiz-ment) n. Informa- 
tion ; — public notioe throtigh the pices . 

Advertiser, (ad-vgr-tis'fir) n. One who advertisea. 

Advice, (ad-visO n. [F. avis.] An opinion 
offered; counsel; suggestion; — ^intelligencei 

Advisable, (ad-viz'a-bl) a. Fit to be dona 

Advisableness, (od-viz'a-bl-nes) ik Fitness to bo 
done; propriety; expediency. [wisely. 

Advisably, (ad-viz'a-ble) adv. With advice; 

Adviae, (ad-vizO v. t [L. advUart} To giro ad- 
vice to; — ^to give information to; — v.t. To 
deliberate. [ledge. 

Advisedly, (ad-vls'ed-le) adv. With full knpw- 

Adviaedness, (ad-vlz'ed-nea) n^ • Deliberation. 

Advisement (ad-viz'ment) n. CounraL 

Adviser, (ad-viz'er) n. One who gives advioe; a 
counsellor. [vise. 

Advisory, (ad-vi'zo-re) a. Having power to ad- 

Advocacy, (ad'vd-kil-ee) n. Act of pleading for 
defence; interceaiao. 

boKde mttid i—Hm nrooen of rapintion. 

Atrial, (4^xMd) a. F6rUiiiiiigtoth«air;~haT- 

mf(iiii»laceiiitli«ftir; loflj. 

▲ens, (9W) n. The nflst of an cogto, or other 

bird of fxej, [or similaritj to, air, as gaa 

Aeritem* (ii'<sr-a>fana) a. Harizig the form of, 

loify, (&'cr-»^ T.(. [Ll aer and faeert.] To 

claB0B into aa aorifoim stata 

(&'CT-6-lii> Ik [G. oA* and ZtOof.] A 
lUUnf iktxD the air. 

(&-Cr-oI'o-Je) n. [Q. o^r and loffo*.] 

Timt aeieBoe which treato of the air. 

fce iaBian ey, (ft'c^^nan-ee) it. [G. afr and vion- 

teia.} Dnrinjrtion hj meaneof the air. 

AovDMter, (&*«r-om'e-tcr) «. [G. air and iMfroa.] 

An inrtnunoit fur meaitiring the density of air 

[taining the balk of air. 
(a-fr-omVtre) n. The art of aecer- 
(ft't^^nawt) n. [G. air, air, and 
wavtiji, ■ailor.] An aerial narigator; a faaUooniet 
(a-fr-fr-nawtlk) a. Pertaining to 

OkSr-^nawtlkB) n. «iR(^ Thesdenoe 

or art of aailiog in the air. 

ftiieifit. (iTcr-o^tat) n. [G. air and ttatot.} 

A namo given to air baUoons. [narigation. 

AcfOif tig, (n CT ft ■tnt'flr) n Pertaining to aerial 

jftn urtif if ■. (A-cr-d-atat'lks) n. tinff. The edenoe 

tltat treala of the cqaHibriam of ehwtio fiaide, 

or of aerial narigation. 

Jbogiaeaa, (S-m'Jin'ne) a. [Ik aruffitumu.'} 
Pkrtainiiig to oopper-nui. 
fstketio* (ea-tbetik) a. Pertaining to the per- 
CKMfcon of tho beautiiUL 

JBrthgtioa. (ee-tbetfiks) n. tinff, [G. aittkan- 
mhai.} Tne aeianee of the beantifbi in natore 

(0-to-oI'o-Je) n. [G. aUMcffia^] That 
trhidk Is concerned with the cauees or 

a<f«. At a great distance: remote. 
r. (af'fik-biKe-te) n. The quality of being 
a&bia; readineastooonTene; ease of aooess. 

(affa-bl) a. pi affa/nlu.^ Beady to 

Afthly, (aflCfi'hie) adv. In an ailkble manner. 
Afiur, (af-OzO a. [L. ad and faeert.] Bnsinees 

of any kind; pnblio bosiness ;— an engagement 

ef troopa 
Afect (af-fektO v.t [L. affectartJ] To act npon ; 

—40 IftUTT"*** ;— to covet ; — ^to pat on a pretence 

oC [anoe; pretence. 

AiMtetiMy(af-ftk-ift'ihiu)ik Artifldal appear- 


(ad'To-Ut) Ik One who pleada 
(ad^vS-kAt) «.t [L. odvoeatujL] To 
in fiivoar of ; to maintain by arguments 
(ad-Tft-kftU&an) n. Act of pleading. 
(ad-Toa'xon) %. The right of pre- 
ktiag to a living in the dinrch. 

(pida) Ik A oarpentex'a tool for ohipping, 
~ with a thin axching 
blade, and ita edge at right 
aaglea tothe handle. 
JBdSaTCB^dn) a. [L. odUia] 
Aa oAcar in ancient Rome 
wbo had the care of pnbUo 
hnildtnga, te* 
3B^pm,^}im)n. [Q.aa^] A shield :->«ny thing 
Jhat pirotecta. 

fe-^ilo-an) a. Pertaining to the wind. 
(2'cr-ftt) V. C [L. a€r, G. air, air.] To 
ihine with carbonic acid:>-to supply with air. 
(ft^-A'shun) a. Act of comb^iing with 


Aifaotad, (af-fekt'ed) a. Aiwnming or pretend- 
ing what ia not natural or real. [manner. 
Aifeotedly, (af-fekf ed-le) adv. In an aflTected 
Affeetedneaa, (af-fekVed-nes) n. The quality of 
beint^ affected ; affectation. 
Affeetmg, (af-fekt'ing) a. Having power to 
excite the pasaiona or move the affections. 
Aifeotingly, (af-iiakf ing-le) adv. In an ai!eoting 

AffeetJoB, (af-fek'shnn) n. An attrlbnte, quality, 
or i>roperty;~a state of mind bent toward a 
particular ol(ject:— attachment:— disease; as, 
apolmonary i\ffeetion. [love. 

Ainotioaate. (af-fek'shun-&t) a. Having n«at 

AffeotioBately, (af-fek'ahan-ftt-le) adv. with 
affection: tenderly. 

Affeotioned, (af-felrshund) a. Inclined : dispoaed. 

Affeetive, (af-fek'tiv) a. Affecting or exciting 

AiBanoe, (af-fl'ana) n. [Old F.] Plighted liuth: 
the marriage contract ;— confidence. 

AiBanee, rar-fi'ans) vX To betroth; to pledge 
one's fldth in maniage ; — ^to trust. 

Affidavit, (aMe-dil'vit) tu \h. ad and /dea] A 
declaration made upon oath before a magistrate. 

Affiliate, (af-flFe-ftt) v, t. [U affiUart,] To ad(^ 
as a son : to receive into fellowship : to aUy. 

Affiliation, (af-fil-e-a'shun) n. Adoption. 

Affinity, (af-finVte) n. [L. affiniUu.} Belation- 
ship by maniage:— agreement 

Affirm, (of-fermQ v. (. \L. affimuire.] To assert 
positively;— v.i. To malce a solemn prcnuise, 
before a tribunal, to tell the truth. [affirmed. 

Affirm able, (af-fterm'a-bl) a. Capable of being 

Affirmance, (af-ferm'ans) n. Confirmation. 

Afiirmant, (af-fsim'ant) n. One who affirms or 

Affirmation, (af-ferm-ft'shun) n. Act of declar- 
ing ;— that which is SJBaerted ;— a declaration. 

Affirmative, (af-ffirm'srtiv) a. AfiLrming ;— ratify- 
ing, [assent, as yea 

Affirmative, (af-i^rm'a-tiv^ n. A word expressing 

Affizmatively, (af-f(Brm'a>tiv-le}adv. In on affinn- 
ative manner : positively. [dedarea 

Affinnar, (af-fcrm'cr) n. One who affirms or 

Affix, (af-fiksO V. t. [K affixua.] To add at the 
cloee ;— to connect ; — ^to Cnsten. 

Affix, (af flks) Ik A syllable or letter Joined to 
the end of a word. 

Affixture, (af-fiks'tur) n. That which is affixed. 

Afflation, (af-fl&'shun) w. [L. <u^lare.] A blowing 
or breathing on. [spiration. 

Afflatus, (af-fla'tns) n. A breath of wind:— in- 

Affliot, (af-fiiktO v. t. [L. aJjUictart,] To give 
pain ; to cause distress. [tresses. 

Affiioter, (af-flikt'er) tk One who affilcts or dia- 

AiBloting, (af-flikVing)i7. a. Caucing pain : griev- 
ous: distressing. 

Affliction, (af-mk'shun) n. Cause of pain of 
body or mind, aa aickneas, losses, ix. ;— a state 
of pain, distress, or griet 

Afflictive, (af-flikt1v) a. Giving naln. 

Affliotively, (af-flikt'iv-le) adv. In a manner to 
give pain. [anew of any thing. 

Afflneaee, (af flS-ens) ik [L. affiuert.] Abund- 

Afflnent, (af flu-ent) a. Wealthy: abundant. 

Affluent, (of flfi-ent) a. A stream flowing into a 
river or lake. [to : — ^that which flows to. 

Affluxion, (af-fluk'shun) ik The act of flowing 

Afford, (af-ft)rdO v. U [F. afforer-] To yield or 
produce ; — ^to give, or confer; — ^to ejqwna. 

Afflranohiae, (af-fran'chiz) v. C [F. cU^VtmcAir.] 
To make £ree ; to enfrannhiaa 




Affinty, (af-frftO n. [F. <frayer.] The fighting 
in a public place : — a tomultaooi aBsaolt. 

AflSreight, raf-ir&tO v. t [F. fiffriter^ to hira] 
To hire a ahip, for the tnuieportation of goods. 

AiBright, (af-frif) v.t. [A.-S. ix/jfrhtan.^ To 
impreiB with sadden fear. 

Afright, (af-fiit^ n. Sadden fear ; terror. 

▲flhmt, (af-firuntO n, A reproachful or con- 
temptuous act or word exciting resentment. 

Affiront, (af-finntO v.i. [From L. od and /ront.] 
To olTend by disnspeot, as by crossing a person 
or opposing his progress. 

Afflrontive, (af-fruntlT) a, OlTlng offence; 
aboslTe; insulting. 

AffUie, (af-fuzO v. t [L. affundere.'\ To pour oat 

Affiision, (af-fu'zhun) lu Act of pouxing upon; 
sprinkling In baptism. 

Afield, (a-fddO adv. To, in, or on, the field. 

Afire, (»-fiiO a- or adv. On fire. 

Afioat,(a-fl5t')adv. In a floating state; — at sea. 

Afoot, (a-f60tO odv. On foot; in a condition 
for action. 

Afore, (a-fSrO adv. or prep. Before. 

Afore^ing, (a-fSr'gO-ing) a. Going before; 

Aforehand, (a-f&rliandladv. Befbrehicnd; before. 

Aforementioned, (a-fDrmen-ehund) adv. Spoken 
of or named before. 

Aforethought, (a-f&i'thawt) a. Premeditated. 

Aforetime, (a-ffir'tun) adv. In time past ; of old. 

Afoul, (a-foul') a. or adv. Not free : entangled. 

Afraid, (a-frftd*) a. Struck with fear or appre- 

Afresh, (a-f^hO adv. Anew ; over again. 

Afront, (a-fimnf) vjdv. In front. 

Aft, (aft) adv. or a. Astern, or toward the 
stem of a ship or boat. 

After, (aft'er) prep. [A.-S. fxfUr."] Behind in 
place:— later in time; — in pursuit of:— in 
imitation of. [place. 

After, (aft'sr) adv. Subsequently In time or 

After-a^B, (after-i^-ez)n. •Later periods of time. 

After-buth, (afb'er-berth) n. The membrane 
inclosing the fetus. 

After-crop, (aft'^r-krop) n, A second crop. 

Afternoon, (aft'er-n66n) n. Time from noon to 
eyening. [after a play. 

Afterpiece, (afffe'cr-pfa) n. A piece performed 

After-thought, (aft'er-thawt) A. A later thought 
or expedient. [subsequently. 

Afterwards, (affer-wcrds) adv. In later time; 

Again, (argenO adv. [A-S. d^n.] Another time; 
once more;— in return; back. 

Against, (a-gensf) prep. [A-S. d^n.] Abreast 
of; — ^in opposition to; — ^in preparation for. 

Agape, (a-gapO adv. [Prefix a and ^ape.J Gap- 
ing, baring the mouth wide open. 

Agaric, (ag'a-rik) n. [G. agarikon.1 A large 
family of fungi ; touchwood. [stone. 

Agate, (ag'ftt) n. [G. achaili.'] A precions 

Agatine, (agVtin) a. Pertaining to, or re- 
sembling agate. 

AgaTe, (a-g&'TB) n. [G. agaui.l The American 
^oe, or centu^ plaht. 

Age, (itj) fi. [u atoi."] Whole duration of a 
being; — ^the latter part of life; — period when 
a person is enabled by law to act for himself; — 
a period of time in history ; — ^the people who 
lire at that period. 

Age, (e^) V. t. To grow old ; to become aged. 

Aged, (&'Jed) a. AdTanoed years :—haTing a 
certain age. 

Agedly, (ft'Jed-le) adv. like an aged pexaon. 

Agenoj, (A'Jen-ae)n. [L. agena.^ Quality of acting : 

instrumentality ;— oiBoe or dutiee of an agent 
Agent, (il'jent) n. A person who has the power 

to act :— one intrusted with the business of 

another ; — an active power or cause. 
Agglomerate, <ag-glom'er-ftt) v. U [L. ad and 

gloiMrartJ] To wind into a boll;— v.i. To 

ooUect into a mass. 
A^lomeration, (ag-glon-er-ft'shun) n. Act of 

gathering into a mass. 

Agglutinant, (ag-glM'tin-ant) a. Uniting, as glue. 
Agglutinate, (ag-glod'tin-ut) v. i. [L. aggluthi^ 

art.} To unite with glue or other viscous 

Agglutiaatien, (ag-glM-tln-a'shun) n. Act of 

uniting, or state of being united. 
Aggrandize, (ag'gran-diz) v.t {U ad and 

grandUf largei] To enlarge ;— to make great 
Aggrandiaement, (ag-gxan-dix'ment) «. The 

act or state of being made greater. 
Aggravate, (ag^gra-vat) v. t [L. ad and gravit, 

heavy.] 1*0 make worse: — ^to give an exag- 
gerated representation of :— to provoke. 
Aggravatioa, (og-gra-va'shun) n. Act of making 

worse : — ^provocation. 
Aggregate, rag'grB-gftt) v. t [L. aagregare.1 To 

bring together ; to collect into a sum or mass. 
Aggregate, (sg^gfrB-gilt) a. Formed by a collection 

of partieularB into a wholei 
i^gregate, (ag'gre-gat) n. A sum, or assemblage 

of particulars. 

Aggregation, (ag-grQ-j^'shun) n. Act of aggre- 
gating, or state of being aggregated. 
Aggression, (ag-gresh'un) n. [L. aggrfdi, to 

approach.] Ftnt act leading to war <n> con- 
Aggreauye, (ag-gree'iv) a. Tending to attack; 

prone to encroachment 
Aggreaaiveneaa, (og-greslT-nes) n. Quality or 

state of being aggressive. 
Aggreaser, (ag-gres'cr) n. The one who first 

makes an aggression. 

Aggrievanoe, (ag-gr6v'ans) it. Injury : grievance. 
Aggrieve, (i^-grfivO e. t [L. ad and gravU, 

heavy.] To give pain or sorrow to; to vex. 
Aggroup, (ag-gr06p7 v. t. To bring together : to 

groups [amazement. 

Aghast, fa-gaat^ a. or adv. Struck with 
Agile, (fljll) a. [L. cvere, to act] Quick of 

motion; nimble. 
Agilily, (a-jire-te) n. Quality of being agile ; 

quickness of motion. 
Agio, (&'je-0) n. [It agio.] Difference in 

value between metallic and paper money;— 

Agitate, (sjlt-ftt) v. t. [L. agitare.] To move 

with violent action; — to distract; — ^to discuss 

with earnestness. [mind; — discussion. 

Agitation, (aj-it-2'shan) «. Perturbation of 
Agitator, (aj'it-&t-er) n. One who agitatea; a 

(usturber. [nail; a whitlow. 

Agnail, (ag'nftl) n. An inflammation round the 
Agnate, (as'n&t) n. [L. agnatic] A xehition by 

the fitters sids. 

Agnate, (ag'ni&t) a. Belated on tiie father's side. 
Ago, (BrgoO adv. or a. [Old E. agone.} Past; 

in time post 
Agog, (a-gogO a« or adv. [Corrupted from a- 

going.] Highly excited toT'eagemeas aft«r an 

object [to po. 

Agoing, (a-gdlng) ppr. In motion; ready 
Agonist, (ag'o-mst)n. [G. o^^nut^a] One who 

contends for the prise in frabUo i 

, (ac^nt^ V. i [O. affdniMihL] To 

vTxtlie vith agonj ; to saff«r &ngniah ;— «. I. 

To tovtsML [tnuno utguiah. 

AgwdBBgly, (ac^nfidng-Ie) adv. Withex- 

Af«Bj, (ai'o-iie) n. [O. o^^nto.] Fain that 

writhing of tho bod j ; extrema diatreaa 

(m-gA'n-an) a. (L* from o^rn*, a 
field.] lUMkng or iandiof to aqual diTiaion of 

(argii'ra^n-icm) n. Equal divi- 
of IbiuI or propextjp or the principlea 
qf thoaa who ftronr anch a diTiaiOD. 
Agi«a» (a-grtO «.«. [L. a<i and {n'ohu.] To 
hannooiao in opinion, atatement, or action ^— 
to eomo to tenna;— to oorroapond in gender, 
nomber, or oaaa. fagreeaUe. 

A^mna jiilityt (arsr^^-htro-te) n. QnaUty of being 
(ft-gre^a-bl) a. Agreelog ex anit- 
. eontomity : — pleaaing. 

(*-gx«^a-bi-neB) n. The quality of 
f, (a-gre^a-ble) adv. In an agreeable 
maajwr;— oonformaUy. 

A fi e aiu i M t, (a-grSteent) «. A atate of agree- 
ing ;—eoDoonl of one word with another;>~ 
nnion in council or aetion ; a bargain. 
AgncBimnl, (ag-TO-knltSr-al) a. Relating to 

Agriesttnra, (ag'rfr-lml-tar) n. (L. afftr and 
cmitwm.} The art or icienoe of cnltiTating 
the gnmnd ; terming. 

AgxieattBriBt,(ag-rfr-kal'tixr-ist) fk Oneakilled 
in agiicaltore : fiurmer. 
Agi UB o n y, (ag^re-mnn-e) n, [I& affrimonia.] 
A gcnns of planta ; lirerwcnt. [stranded. 

(a-groond') adv. On the groond; 
(A'gu) n. Cfaillinen: — an intemittent 
ferer, attended by oold and hot flta. 
ayi.h, (ft'gu-iBh) a. Earing the aymptoma 
of aa agrnflL 

(a) inter). An eandamatlon ezpreaaive of 
9,Vitj, joy, Ac. 
(4-fa*0 tiU«r>. An ezdiiiDation expreaa- 
ukg triompli^ contempt, or aimple enrpriaa. 
Ahead, (»-lMir) adv. Farther lorwatd ; farther 
in fiont or in adranee : onward. 
Aid, {idyv.t, [Ll od and >tt varr.] Toanpport: 
toratioTeL (aide. 

Aid, {id) n. Help:«-tiie penon or thing that 
(ad'da-kang) n. [F.] An officer 
to aaiKt the Ueneial in hia military 

hiikmm, (ftdlM) a- Helpleai ; nnrapporfeed. 
Ail, (II) r. t (A.-8. eglan.} To aifect with pain; 
to troable ;— v. i. To feel pain : to be troubled. 
Afl, (U) n. Diunbr ; indispoaition ; pain, 
aiiii^^ (IFment) n. Morbid ailection of the 
body; rtlwiiao 

Aim. <Bm) v.i. ri<> tttUman.} To point with 

a Bnaailo weapon: to endeaTonr after;— «. t 

To dixvotto a parlioular object. 

Aim, (Am) n. Tho direction to a i»rticular 

et^eet; — the point to be hit, or object to be 

(Imltt) 0. Without aim or pnrpoee. 
(tr) m. (6. eOr.] The flnid which we 
»:-Hi atate of the atmcaphere ;— a light 
— « tone:-Hpeoaliar look, or carriage of 
i ;— ^ an affected manner. liate. 

Aii^ <U) V. & To expoM to the air; to renti- 

(Ir^th)A. An amngement fordiy- 

Air-bed, (ftrlwd) n. A caae Of India-mbber 
cloth, air-tight, and inflated through tnbee. 
Air»bladder, (ar1)lad-der) n. An organ in flaheai 
containing air. 

Air^ella, (Or'aek) n. pL Cella containing air. 
Air^^igine, (ftr-en'jin) n. An engine put in 
motion Inr heated air. 

Air-gun, (Bii'mmt n. A gun diflchaiged by air. 
Air-hole, (arhfil) n. An opening to admit or 
dJaoharge air. 

Airily, (ftx'e-le) adv. In an airy manner ; gayly. 
Airineaa, (fiT'e-nes) n. Openneas to the air;>« 

Ailing, (Arming) n. A short excnxaion. 
Air-p&pe, (ftr'pip) n, A pipe for dra%ring off air. 
Air-plant, (Ai'plant) n. A plant nonrished by air. 
Air-pump, (arpump) n. A machine for ex- 
hausting the air from a closed TesscL 
Air^ahAft (b'shaft) n. A 
passage for air into a mine. 
iOr-tight, (ar'tit) a. So 
tight aa not to admit air. 
Air-veasel, (ftr'Tcs-el) n. A 
▼esael in plants or animals 
which contains air. 
Airy, (ilx'e) a. Baring the 
nature or properties of air ; 
—exposed to the air;— 
unsuDstantial. Alr^nmp. 

Aisle, (il) ft. [L. ato, wing.] The wiug of a 
building ;— a passage in a cliurch. 
Ajar, (A-j&xf) adv. Partly open, aa a door. 
Akunbo, (a-kim'b6) a. With a crook ; bent. 
Akin, (a-kinO a. Related by blood ;— lUUed by 
nature ; partaking of the same properties. 
Alabaater, (alVbas-t(;r) n. [G. alaba8tron.1 
A rariety of sulphate of lime, or gypsum. 
Alack, (a-Iak') interj. An exclamation exprea- 
sire of sorrow. [readiness. 

Alacrity, (a-Iak're-te)n. [L. alaerittu.) Cheerfhl 
Alamode, (al-a-mOdO adv. According to the 

Alarm, (a-l&rmO n. [It. allarme.] A sum- 
mons toarms ; — information of approaching dan- 
ger ;—« contriranoe for awaking persons from 

Alarm, (a-UnnO v.t To call to arms; to disturb. 
Alarm-bell, (a-laimOMl) n. A bell that girea 
notice of danger. 

Alarm-clock, (a-l&rmlclok) n. A clock made 
to ring loudly at a particular hour. 
Alarmingly, (a-Iikrm'ing-le) adv. So as to alarm. 
Alarmiat, (a-l&rm'ist)n. One who intentionally 
excites alarm. 

Alann-watoh, (a-lirm'woch) n. A watch that 
atrikea at a particular hour. . 
Alaa, (a-laaO inttrj. [Fh>m L. Uufma.] An ex- 
clamation expresslre of sorrow, pity, &c. 
Alb, (alb) n. [L. a/6««, white.] An eoclesi- 
asticDl restment of white linen. 
Albata, (al-b&'ta) n. German silrer. 
Albatrosa, (al'ba-tros) n. [Corrupted from Sp. 
it Pg. alcatraz.] A very 
large, web-footed sea- 
bixd, found chiefly in 
the Southern Ocean. 
Albeit, (awl-bfilt) eonj. of 
adv. Although ; be it so ; 
Albigenaea, (al-be-Jen'sez) 
n. pL A party of Re- 
foraers who separated 
from the church of Rome Albatross. 



Id the twelftib oentuiy— «o called trcm Albi, in 

Albino, (al-bfno) n. [From L. albut, white.] A 

person of a preteinataral whiteneae of the skin 

and hair, and the eye of a peculiar pink colour. 
Alhom, (al'bttm)ift. [U albus.] A white tablet;— 

a lilaoJc book in which to insert autographs, tc 
Albumen, (al-bfi'men) n. [L. alfnu.] A viiooUB 

subetanoe, as the white of an egg: 
Alburnum, (al-bum'um) n. The softer part of 

wood next the bark. (Judge. 

Aloaide^ (al-kild') n. In Spain, a magistrate or 
Alchemist, (al'kem-ist)n. Oae skilled inalchemy. 
Alchemy, (al'ke-me) n. [A ol-klmiA,] Occult 

ohemititiy ; a soienoe which aimed to transmute 

metals into gold. 
Alcohol, (alQcd-hol) n. [A al-tohl.] Pure or 

highly rectified spirits ; ardent spirits in geueraL 
Alooholie, (al-k&-hol'ik) a. Behiting to alcohol 
Alcore, (al'kfiv) n. [A, al-ffubba,] A reoess. 
Alder, (awl'dsr) n. [A -& aUr.} A tree or shrub 

of the Alnus genua, 
Alderman, (awrdsr-man)n. [IlS. ealdor, older. 1 

A magistrate of a city next in rank to the 

Ale, (&1) n. [A. -8. tale.} A liquor made from malt 

by fermentation. [wind. 

Alee, (a-lsO adv. On the side opposite to the 
Ale-house, (ailxous) n. A house or place where 

ale is retailed or sold. 

Alembic, (a-lem'bik) n. {K al-ambtq.} A chemi- 
cal vessel, used in distillation. 
Alert, (a-l(rtO a. [From It. alV erta.] Watdhfid; 

upon the eUertf guarding against surprise. 
Alertly, (a-lfirtle) adv. Quickly ; nimbly. 
Alertness, (a-lert'nes) n. Watchful actiyity. 
Ale-wife, (al'wif) n. A woman who keeps an ale- 
house. [twelTe ^yUables, or six Iambic feet 
Alexandrine, (al-egz-an'drin) n. A Tene of 
Algebra, (al'Je-bra) n. [A gabara, to bind.] 

The method of computing by means of letten 

and sjinbols. 

Algebraio, (al-je-brft'ik)a. Pertaining to algebra. 
Algebraist, (al-Je>brft'ist) n. One skiUed in 

algebnk [weed. 

Algous, (al'gns) a. [L. alga.] Pertaining to sea- 
Alias, (&le-as) adv. [L. from alitis, another.] 

Otherwise;— a term in law, as Smith, aliat 

Alibi, (al'e-be) n. [L. aZtcuM, elsewhere.] When 

a person on trial shows that he was in another 

place at the time when the crime was com- 
mitted, he is said to prore an alibi. 
Alien, (Ol'yeu) a. [L. alienut.) Not belonging 

to the same country ;— different in nature. 
Alien, (U'yen) a. A foreigner. [alienated. 

Alienable, (ftfyen-a-bl) a. Capable of being 
Alienate, (&l'yen-ftt) v. t. [L. alienare.} To con- 
vey to another : — ^to estrange. 
Alienate, (ftl'yen-&t) a. Estranged ; stranger ta 
Alienation, (ftl-yen-a'shun) n. A trans^ of title, 

or conveyance of property :— estrangement. 
Aliform, (al'e-form) a. Having the shape of a 

wing. [to dismount ; — ^to foil upon. 

AU^t,(a-Ht7v.{. [A-S. (KUton.] To set down; 
Align, (a-linO 9. t. [Lu ad and linea, Une.] To 

adjust Vya line;— ir. i. To form in Une, as troops; 

— to lay out a road. 
Alignment, (a-Un'ment) n. The act of adjusting 

to a line; the line of adjustment 
Alike, (a-likO a. Having resemUanoe ; similar. 
Alike, (a-likO adv. In the same manner, form, 


Aliment, (al'e-ment) iv (L. alimenium.} That 
which feeds or supports. 

Alimentary, ((al-e-menVa-re) a. Pertaining to 
food ; nutritive; — ^Alimentary canal, the great 
intestine by which aliments are conveyed through 
the body. [gan of appetite for food or drink. 

Alimentivaies^ (al-e-ment'iv-nes) a. Iheor- 

Alimmiiona, (al-e-mo'ne-us) a. Affording food. 

Alimony, (al'e-mnn-e) n. [L. aUnumia.} A sep- 
arate allowance. 

Aliped, ^'e-ped) a. [L^ ala, a wing, and pei, 
foot] Wing-footed. 

' Not 

Aliquant, (aPe-kwant) a. (L. ali^arUu*.] 

dividing without a remainder. 
Aliquot, (alVkwot) a. [L. aliquot.} Dividing 

exactlv, or without remainder. 
Alive, (a-liv') a. Having life ; active ; susceptible. 
Alkalescent, (al-ka-lerent) ck Tending to the 

propertiee of an ■■iit»H . 
iak^Callca-hOn. [A al-^li.] One of a class 

of caustic bases, soda, {wtash, ammonia, and 

lithla, neutraUxing aoids. [into an alkali. 

Alkaliijr, (al-kalVn) v. t. To form or convert 
Alkalimeter, (al-ka-lim'e-ter) n. An instrument 

for ascertaining the strength of alkaliea. ' 
Alkaline, (allui-lin) a. Having the qualities 

of alkalL [ing in some vegetables. 

Alkaloid, (allca-laid) n. A salifiable base exist- 
Alkoran, (alOLo-ran) n. [A af, the, and korati, 

book.] The Mohammedan Bible. 
All, (awl) a. [A -8. ealL] Every one; the whole 

number, quantity, extent, or degree o£ 
All, (awl) adv. Wholly; completely. 
All, (awl) n. The aggregate. 
Allay, (al-laO v.t. [L. alUgarc ] To make quiet ; 

to ]Mdfy ;— to mitigate. 
Allayment, (al-l&'ment) n. Act of allaying ;— 

that which allaya 
iJlegation, (al-le-gS'shun) n. Positive aflOLrma- 

tion ; — ^that which is ssserted. 
All^e, (al-lejO v. t. [L. allegare.) To bring for- 
ward with positiveness;— to produce an argu- 
ment or excuse. [alleged. 
Allegeable, (al-lejVbl) n. Capable of being 
Allegianee, (al-1^ 'ans) n. The obligation which 

a su1](ject owes ; loyalty. 
Allegorical, (al-le-goi'iknal) a. In the manner 

of allegoxj: figurative. 

Allegorue, (alle-gO-riz) v. t To turn into alle- 
gory;— v. L To use allegory. 
Allegory, (alle-go-re) n. [O. alligoria.} A flgn- 

rative discourse in which the literal meaning is 

not the principal one ; aparabla 
AUegro, (al-le'grO) 0, [It] Quick; Uvely. 
AUegrOiCal-lC^)!!* Aspxjghtly strain or piece of 


Alleluiah, (al-le-l<«/ya) n. PraLw to Jehovah. 
Alleviate, (al-li've-ilt) v. t [L. aUeviare.} To 

make light ; — ^to remove in pert ; to assuage. 
Alleviation, (al-ld-ve-ft'shun) n. Act of making 

more light ; lessening. 
Alley, (al'lS) n. [F. aUde.} A walk in a garden; 

—a narrow passage. 
All-f ools'-daj, (awl-fodlz'dB.) n. The first of April, 

when it Is a custom to play tricks. 
All-fours, (awl-fOxzO **> A game at cards, with 

four chances, for each of which a point is scored. 
All-hail, (awl-haiO inter^. AU health. 
All-hallowmas, (awl-hal'o-mns) n. [A-S., haliff^ 

holy, moise, fieast] All-Sainta'-dii^, the first 

of Novembor. 
Alliance, (aMrans)n. [F. allier.] State of being 

allied ; union by marriage or treaty. 


UmU, t^nt*M)r.i To dirtrlbnte: to 

>arSi». (■I-IB-U'dmi) 

IIImiIIm. (il-M-U'ihon) >. [I. ad ud lojiii, 

^^Wdt^lta. rntaiBliittatUiidig 

[OU Ov. ol. mod 


^-U-pathU) a. Fcrtalnlsf to mllo 

(il-kif/k-tUit) H. On* vbo pncUHi 
|*J-)o|?lk-thi) n. {a aUsi. Dllnr. ud 

to iliowti: lawful. 

Aol of aUotUiis: 
.(. Tojidd;— t 

f (fi-tfia'^bU) IKIE. lU BU KUU1-BU1D 

n III <*I-Id<i'»>) «. Act of iiulliK :~ 
IMiii^iim tint oUdi ii lUowgd; • atilad 

■■iBtitr <~* '•d^^''^"- 

IJ^, ((t-kn ■■ <■ [F. otoi.) To ndqco Uw 

juiV Iv muiiio— to omnipL 

Ann, (if-U^ «■ Asrompcmndof IDsUk;— * 

1 >-■— •udwiUii&Dn'. 

(Ml-aiut^di) H. Tb* Bnt div 

twl-HCiefa'^) iL FBTTadmftT«7 
to Um Dinw Btlnc 
(nl-tall'di) ■. IluHOODddv 

■■Ml (nf K>W ■■ nsbaoTcftlwidmanto, 
, ._wa(^ Wat India. 

' *"-*- 1'' "" - - rL- oUiuI'W.I TDTBfBrlO 
L HBtfUuns no* dincoj "**"""***"; to hint b; 

iaB«,^MO*.t. Cr. Iflimr.] Tft dnw to; 
to tHapt I7 tMaflteoflovd. 
Il1wl.(il Ifliiimii)!! TlutwhliientiHA 

AOnia, (AMViliDn) n. Indinot nfOanw 
lUnkn, {nl-liTiiT) a. TUn.i^j it ; nterrlng to 
todit^r. [■Uowia. 

iOaritl, (nI-IirTHl) a. (L olluno.]' pHt^ 

Amtdum, (il-li)4*-iun) k. Itepoalt* of auth, 

snTsl, ud othir nuttu. (wudoDi. 

All-wlw, h-l-ota^ a. Fommi of iuflniu 
Allr, (nl-lO *' '- ^ al(imrc) To fimn a con- 

bBctlOD bj mairlj^ or hy tmtr. [wBCfl, 

AU7, (nl-lil H. Ona shu i> uultod; koonful- 
*1m» lUUi, (iTminii'ljc) B. [L.] Aoolloj. 

when CDS ii •duated. 
tlin»n«B| (awl'ma-nak) n. [A. nond, nuuun.] 

A jrsulr lalwiiltr ot d»>. woeb, ud moiithi. 
UaiAtiBm—, ((wl-mit'a-na) k. A powu to 

do 1^ thln^ ; omnipotancu, 
Alnilchtr,(iwl-infla)a. [A.-a al^.udniAII;, 

mlebtf.) All-powarnil ; oniDjpoUnt. 
Alnufhtr, (awl-mTta) «. God ; Ui* BnpnnM 

\jmi)n. [F. aguMb.] Tha 

Aloo, (>l'o)ii. lL.alot.j Agsnuofberbuson* 
pUnU ;— th> Joios of alog, nwl u ■ puitUite. 
foetid, (kl-fr4t'il() a. ParluninE to, or pulakinc 
>l tho vahtir -* -'-— 

t. (m-laKiadv. Onbigti;— atUum 

Ueaa, {b-IGd') adi 




tllk^^ailr. Mil 11^,1 At n dlMi 

(■-tur} FHc. At at to I 

Algmi<a-loDd')ii>lv. TCithsloar 
Alp. (alp) H. |0t Caltlo origin.] 

mountain; pi- t^ moontairia 0I 
Alpaea, (al-jAk'a) h. Aq aiUmn] 

' — 'onj, flna, woolly 

l;— a tblnkindof —-- 


Atok*M, (I 

[Q. alpAa, 

tan.] lirtlettanof alangniffajBtanffad Inordar. 




— -.=i 



f -i 




log to, or in the order of, thA alpbiibei. 
Alpine, (al'pin) a. Fertaining to the Alps, very 

Already, (awl-red'e) adv. Befirare this time ; now. 
ALm, (awrad) adv. or eonj. • In like manner; 

likewiae; farther; in addition to. 
Alt, (awlt) a. or n, [From L. aUiu, 

high.] The higher part of the Kcaiew 
Altar, (awl'tcr) a. [L altartA 

A tahle on which gifto and 

•acrifioee are offered. 
Altar-pieee, (awrter-pQa) 

n. A painting over the 

Alter, (awl'tcr) v.t. 

[L. aUerartJl To make 

a change; — to change 

materiaUy ; — v. i. To be 

different; to vary. 
Alterable, (awl'ter-a-bl) a. 

Capable of being altered. Altar. 

Alt«ntion, <awl-tcr^&'abun) n. Act of altering 

or state of being altered ; — the change made. 
Alterative, (awl'tcr-at-iv) a. HaTing power to 

alter. [indnoee a change. 

AlteratiTe, (awl'tcr-at-ir) n. A medidne which 
Altexeate, (al't^r-kat) v.t. [L. altereari.} To 

contend in words ; to wrangle. 
Altercation, (al-ttr-kiVshun) n. Warm conten- 
tion in words : oonti-oversy. 
Alternate, (al-tem'at) a. [H alttmai%iM.l Being 

by tarna ; reciprocal 
Alternate, (al-tcm'ilt) n. That which happens 

by turns; vicissitude. 
Alternate, (al-tcm'at) v. (. To perform or change 

by turns;—*, i To happen by torus. 
^temately, (al-tem'at-le) adv. In redprooal 

succession; by turns. 
Alternation, (al-tem-a'shun) n. Reciprocal suc- 
cession of things in time or place ; — interchange. 
Alteraative, (al-tf m'at-iv) a. Offering a choice. 
AltematiT*, (al-tcm'at-iT) a. A choice of two 

things^ [that; notwithstanding. 

Although, (awl-TBOO ewj. Grant all this; admit 
Altiloquenee, (al-til'o-kwens) n. Lofty speech. 
Altimeter, (al-tim'e-tcr)n. [u a«u« and TAetrttm.3 

An instrument for taking altitudes. 
Altiaonaat, (al-tis'on-ant) a, High-eounding. 
Altitade, (al'te-tud) n. [L. altitudo.} Space 

extended upward ; height; the eleration of an 

object above a given leveL [soprana 

Alto, (al'tft) n. The port between the tenor and 
Altojgether, (awl-too-genc'er) adv. With united 

action ; conjointly ; — completely. 
Alum, (al'um) n, [L. aluvMn.\ A double sul- 
{ phate of alumina and potassa. 
Alumina, (al-ti'min^) n. One of the eartha— two 

parts of aluminum and three of oxygen. 
Aluminous, (al-u'min-us) a. Pertaining to alum. 
AinTwinwTn, (al-u'mln-um) n. [L.] A light metal, 

with a bluish tinge, not easily oxidiaed. 
Alamnua, (a-Ium'nua) n. A pupiL 
Alveary, (alVe-ar-e) n. [L. aXvtaHuvL] A bee- 
hive ; —the hollow of the ear. 
Alviae, (al'vin) a. [L. aivut, belly.] Pertain- 
ing to the intestinea 

Always, Uwrwaz)cu2v. Fexpetually: through- 
out all time ; — invariably. 
Am, (am) The first person singular of the verb 

to 6«, indicative mood, present tense. 
AamiB, (a-mftn') adv. [Prefix a and Main.] 

Violentliy and suddenly. 

eompound of mercuxy with another metal . 
Amalgamate, (a-mal'gam-&t) v. t. To oompoiuul 

or mixmetala. 
Amalgamation, (a-mal-gam-&'shun) n. Act of 

compounding; separating gold and iilver ora 

by mixing; irith mercuxy. 
Amannenna, (a-man-Q-en'sis) n. [L. taanu*.] 

One who writes what another dictates, or oppiaa 

what another has written. 
Amaranth, (amVranth) n. [O. laarmaetm, to 

wither.] A genus of annwals with green, pux^ 

plish, or erlmson flowen in spiked doaters ; — ^a 

flower that never fadea. 
Amaranthine, (am-a-ranthin) a. Unfiiding. 
Amaaa, (a-mas') v. t. [Ik maua.} To collect 

into a heap ; to gather a quantity ot 
Amaaament, (a-mas'ment) n. A heap ; aocnma- 

Amateur, (am-a-tCUO n. [L. amatar.] Ozia 

who cultivates art from taste or attachmentb 
AmatiTe, (am'a-tiv) a. Full of love ; auioroua. 
Amativeneaa, (am'a-tiv-nes) n. Propensity to 


Amatory, (am'a-t&-re) a. Relating to love. 
Amaie, (a-mac^ v. L [A.-S. nulsaj To confound 

with surprise. 

Amaxe, (a-mazO ^ Astonishment. 
Amaxement, (a-ma^ment) Jk A feeling of sur- 
prise and perplexity. 
Amazing, (a-max'ing) a. WonderfiiL 
Amaaen, (am^a-snn) n. [6. maxoM.} One of » 

fabulous race of ftmale warriors ; a mascolini^ 

Ambaaaador, (am-bas'a-der) n. [F. amboMModeur.^ 

An envoy of Uie highest rank sent to a foreign 

government. [by fHctiou. 

Amber, ^amlacr) n. A yellowish ream electric 
Amber|;na, (amljer-grtis) n. A fragrant suhstaiua 

used m perfumery. 
Ambidexter, (om-be-deks'ttr) n. One who uses 

both hands with equal facility ; a double-dealer. 
Ambidexterity, (am-be-deks-tcr'e-te) n. The 

power of using both hands;— 4louble-desling. 
Ambient, (am'be-ent) a. Encompassing. 
Ambiguity, (am-be-gu'e-te) n. Quality of being 

ammguoiu; uncertainty of signification. 
Ambiguous, (am-big'u-us) a, [L. amdriffert.'i 

Doubtftil or uncertain : eqnivooaL 
Ambiguonaly, (am-big'a-ns^le) adv. 

biguous manner. 

An&t, (amlat) n. [L. ambitus.] 
Ambition, (am-bish'un) m. (L. ambitio.] 

inordinate desire of superiority or power. 
Ambitious, (am-bish'us) a. Possetaing 

tion;— aspixing; eager Ibr fhmei 
Amble, (am'bl) v.». [L. aiid>ulare.} To move, aa 

a horse ; — ^to move affectedly. [paoer. 

Ambler, (amldsr) n. A horse which amUas ; a 
Ambrosia, (am-brO'she-a) n. [O. a pxiv. and 

brotot. ] The fhblad food of the gods, which con- 
ferred eternal youth. 
Ambulance, (am'bii-Ians) n. [L. ambulare, to 

walk.] A flying hos- 
pital, so oxguiijBed 

as to follow an army 

in its movements, 

and intended to sno* 

cour the wounded 

as soon as poasifale. 
Ambulant, (am'bft- 

lant) a. Walking 

ftom place to phuMb 

In an am- 


Circuit or 


>osse£aing ambi- 

AJOUlAXUa ^16 

Mmkmh^Om^/m-tMjL'Aan) n, Tbe act of wbUl- 


,, (AinlMl-lA-tor-e) m. Any part of & 

\fni\Ai9t^int^<A^^ frtfwmifcing <itj aaadoisteror 

(ttn'biu-k&d) a. [It tin6o«car.] A 
for the purpose of attacking 
J ; — a pl%oa in wmch troops lie hid. 
(nnlwosh) ». Vid, Amhiisitadft. 

(a-m«l'jcr-&t) v. t [L. od and iMli- 

Tto makebeUer ; — ^v. i. To gztiw better. 

(a-mel-j^r-i'shon) a. Act of 

or atata of being ameliorated; 


(a-menO n. [6.] An expreaalon need 
at tba end d pzajers, meaning, So bt it;-^ 
It tha and of a creed, Soiti*. Vfhea it iutro- 
doess a deeiaiatioa, eqiiiTalent to truly, verily. 
imfaablt, (a-men'a-U) a. [F. amtner.] Liable 
to be bcoog^t to aoDonnt oar pnnithment; re- 

J (a-mandO v. t [Lu emendare."] To change 
forthebettar; — v.«. To grow better ; to improve 
■kocally. [amended. 

~ ibla» (a-BMod'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
I, (a-mongd^ a. [F.J A pecuniaty fine; 
^ (»-mend'ment) n. A change fbr the 
bett«r : rsfionoation of lift, 
iianniii. (a^mendz') n. sing. Is j»l. Compensation 
ftir a kiss or injury; aatis&otion. 
iBHsily, (erflMB'o-ta) a. [L. amamca] Quality 
at being plewsmit or sgreeaUe. 
AaMxae, (m-m^^ v.t. [L. merett, wages.] To 
poaisii lif a peeaniary penalty ;— to punish in 

(arm{i«^Daent)a. A fine. [fines. 
(a^mcra'cr) a. One who amerces or 
^BSfcr'e-kan) a. Pertaining to 
or to the United Btates. 

(a-mcr'e-kan-iim) n. A word or 
pecnliar to America. 

(a^nerVkan-is) v.t To render 

Isedvat. (am'e-thiat) n. [O. amethuMto$.} A 
atoaa of a bluish Tiolat ooloor. 
, (lrm»«-bil'e-te) n. Amiableneas; 
J of di* w i itioff T 

(iTma^^o. {L,amabilu.] Worthy 
of ]0«« ; dflssrring of affection. 

, (A'^na-a-bi-nes) a. The quality of 
lore: tfieeaUaneaa 

ble)adv. In an amiable manner. 

(am-a-ka-hU'a-te) a. Quality of 


(em^cKka-bl) a. [L. omare.] FMandly; 

; barmoniooein interoouise. 

, (am'e-ka>ble) aiv. In an amicable 

(ani'cB)*. [Ixitmicire.^ A loose garment 
like a daak ^— a place of linen like a hood or 

Andakifa, (a-mid'ihips) adv, Half^ray between 
tiMStsaa and the stem. 

>ABid,(a-midaiOprtp. Inthemiddle; 
by: among. 
, <a-ais') a. [ftauc a and miu.] Wrong ; 

ia^miO 'u'v. Wrongly; improperly. 
(am'e-te) a. [Ll amieut,] ^endahip 
IndiTidaals, aodetles, or nationa 
(MD-mgrne-a) ik A Tolatile alkali; 

Awmmiianal, (am-mo'na-ak-al) a. Ftotaining to 

Ammonite, (am'mon-it) n. A fossil ahell belong- 
ing to the tribe of Cephalopoda. 

AmmoBium, (am-mo'ne-um) n. The metallia 
base of ammonia;— a oomKination of hydrogen 
and nitrogen. 

Ammunitioa, (am-mu-nish'an) n. [L. munii^] 
Military stores or proTiaiona 

Aaneaty, (am'nes-te) n. A pardon of offoncei 
against government; proclamation of pardon. 

Amoair, (a-mungO prtp. [A-& aman^.j Mixed 
with ; — making part o£ 

Amorous, (am'or-ua) a. [L amor.] Inclined to 
love: having a propenaity to.aexual enjoy- 

Anunooaly, (am'or-na-le) adv. In an amorona 
manner; lovingly. [anioroua. 

Amorousneaa, (am'or-ua-nea) n. Quality of being 

Amorphona, (a-mor'fua) a. [O. mm-piii.] Having 
no determinate form : irregular. 

Amortixation, (a-mor-tia-a'shnn) n. Act or right 
of alienating lands to a coi:i>oration. 

Amartiae, (a>mor'tiz) v. t. [L. vwrs.] To alien- 
ate in mortmain. 

Amount (a-mountO v.i. [L. nunu.] To rise to 
by aooumnlation of sums or quantities; to com* 
poae in the aggregate. (effoct or result 

iunount (a-mounf) )i. The sum total;— the 

Amour, (a-mddrO n. [F.] A love intrigue. 

Amphibia, (am-fibVa) n. pi. [O. amphi, on 
both sides, tnos, life.] The class of reptiles 
which includes tiie sauxians, crooodilea, liauda, 
serpenta, trogt, turtles. [animal 

Amphibian, (am-fiVe-an) n. An amphibious 

Amphibioua, (am-flb^e-ua) a. Having the power 
of living in air and water. 

Am]phibtouBneaa, (am-fib^e-ua-nea) n. Quality of 
bemg amphibioua; ability to live in two ele- 
ments. ' 

Amphibdlogieal, (am-flb^loj'ik-al) a. Of doubt- 
ftil meaning ; ambiguous. 

Amphibology, (am-f^boro-Je) n. [O.] A phraaa 
or discourse auaoeptible uf two interpretations. 

Amphibrach, (am'fe-brak) n. [G.] A foot of thine 

SUablea, tb^ middle one long, the fixat and laat 
Amphiol70iBS,(am-flk'te-on2)n.pI. [O.] Anaa- 

aembly of depntiea from the aeveral atatea of 

Amphimaoor, (am-fim'a-sQr) n. [G.] A foot of 

three syllables, the middle one short and the 

others long. 

AmphiloflTf (&m-fil'o-Jo)a. [O.] Double speaking. 
Amphiscai, (am^fls'se-i) [G. mHo.] The 

inhabitants between the tropics, whose shadows 

in one part of the year are cagb north, and 

in the other south. 
Amphitheatre, (am-fe-the'a-ter) «. [G.] An 

oval or dxcular edifice, having rows of seats 

one above another, around an open apace, uaed 

for public sporta 

Ample, (am'pl) a. [L. amplus. ] Of laxga dimen- 
sions :— ftilly sufficient ;^diiltuive. 
Amplification, (am-ple-fa-k&'shun) n. Act of 

amplifying: enlargement;— diffuse narration. 
Amplifier, (am'ple-fi-cr) n. One who amplifies. 
Amplify, (am'ple-fi) v. t. [L. amptua and /ae«r#.] 

To render larger : — ^to treat oopioualy :~-^. i. To 

become large ; — ^to dilate. 
Amplitude, (am'ple-tod) n. State of being 

ample; largeness of dimensiona ;— extent of 

e^iaoi^, mcana, or i tao w paa 




ibnply, (am'ple) adv. JjBxgoij ; ftally; faffioieiitlr. 

Amputate, (am'pa-tAt) v. t [U putare.] To 
cat off. 

Amputatum, (am-pa-^'ahiiB) n. Act or opera- 
tion of catting off a limb. 

Amulet, (am'a-iet) n, [A. hafnala.} Something 
worn to prevent evil : a taliiiman. 

Amuee, (a-mOz^v. t [F. amujser.] ToentertlLin 
agreeably; to oooapy in a pleaeant manner. 

▲muaemait, (a-mtlx'menQ n. lliat whicii 
afforde pleMUTB. 

Amuser, (a-miii'^r) n. One who amuiwe. 

AmygdalatOi (a-mig'dal-at) n. An emoMon 
made of almonda 

Amygdaloid, <a-mig'da-loid) n. [G. amug- 
daton and eidot.] A trap-rock, with embedded 
almond-fthaped minerala 

An, (an) a. [A-S. an.] Thia ie an adjwtive, but 
commonly celled the indejinite article. It is 
used before nouns of the singolar number only, 
and aigniflee one or any. 

Ana, (a'na) A suffix to names of persons or 
places, used to denote a collection of memorable 
sayings ; a prefix to nouns of Greek origin. 

Anabaptist, (an-a-bap'tist)n. [G. ana^ and bap- 
titrin.] One who oenies the validity of infant 

Anachronism, (a-nak'ron-ism) n. [O. ana^ 
ehronat.] An error in chronology, by which 
events are misplaced. [the Boa iamily. 

Anaconda, (an-a-kon'da) n. A large snake of 

Anacreontic, (a-nak-ro-on'tik) a. Pertaining to 
the Greek poet Anacreon ; amatoiy ; oonviviaL 

Anacreontic, (a-nak-rS-on'tik) n. A poem in 

jpralBe of love and vrine. 

Anadem, (an'a-dem) n. [G. anadein, to tie upi] 
A garland or fillet; a ohaplet or wreath. 

Anaesthetic, (an-€s-thetlk) n. That which pro- 
duces insensibility, as chloroform, Ac 

Anafflyph, (an'a-glii) a. [G. glupluin.} An em- 
boesed or chased ornament, worked in relief, as 
a cameo. [mysticaL 

Anagogioal, (an-a-goj'ik-al) a. Mysterious; 

Anagram, (an'a-gram) n, [G. anOt and gramma.] 
A transposition of the letters of a word, by 
which a new word is formed. Thus, oitronomtrt 
mav be turned into moon-$tareri. 

Anal, (&'nal) a. Belonging to or near the onus. 

Analectie, (an-a-lektik) a. CoUeoting. 

Analects, (an'a>lekt8) [G. ana^ and Ifffein, 
to gather.] A collection of literary fhigmcnts. 

Analemma, (an-a<lem'ma)n. [G. analatabanein.] 
A projection of the s^ere on the piano of the 
meridian, orthographicslly made by straight 
lines, circles, and ellipses; — an instrument of 
wood or brass, on whicn this projection is mada 

Analeptic, (an-a-lei/tik) Ik Restorative medicine. 

Analorioal, (an-a-loj'ik-al) a. According to, or 
founded on, analogy. [analogy. 

Analogically, (an-a-loj'ik-al-le) adv. By way of 

Analogir.6, (an-al'o-Jiz) v. t. To explain by ana- 

Aaalegoiu. (a-nal'o-gus) a. Having analogy. 

Analogy, (Srnal'o-Je> n. An agreement or like- 
ness between things in eome circumstances or 
effects^ when the things themselves andifierent. 

Aaalysia, (a-nal'e-sb) n. [G. ana and {ie«tn.] A 
resolution of a thing into its original elements 
— « qrllabus, or table of the beads of a discouxse: 
^■^ methodical illustration of the principles of 
a science: — tlie tracing of things to their source, 
and the resolving of knowledge into its ori- 
ginal principles. 

Analyst, (an'a-Ust) n. One who analyses. 

Analytic, (an-a-lit'ik) a. Pertaining to analysis: 

AnalvtioaUy, (aa-»-lit1k-al-le) adv. Bv way of 
analysis. [of analyaia. 

Analytioi, (aa-a-lit'iks) n. ting. The science 

Analyze, (an'a-Iiz) v. t. To separate into the 
oomponent parts; to resolve into first princi- 
ples or elements. 

Anamorphosis, fan-a^nor'fb-sii) n. [G. anamor' 
phouTLj A distorted representation of an 
image on a plane or carved sur&ce;— « mor^ 
bid development of form. 

AnapsBst, (an'a-pest) n. [G. anapaiein.1 In Tern- 
flcation, a foot of three syllables, the fint two 
short, the last long ; as, dg-i-tdi. 

Anft-itniff^ (an-Ark'ik-al) a. Being vrithont 
government; lawless; confViaed. 

Anarchy, (an'&r-ke) n. [G. anarehot, without 
head.] Want of government in society; law- 
leaaness ;^KX)nf usion. 

Anasarcous, (an-a-s^k'us) a. DropdcaL 

Anastaais, (an-4-Btft'sis) n. [G. anistimi.] A ro- 
ooveiy; resurrection. 

Ana^emm, (a-nath'e-ma) n. [G. ana and 
titktnai.] An ofibring to scane deitv hung up 
in a temple; — a ouise pronounced by ecule>u- 
astical authority, and accompanied by exoom« 
munication. [nonnce with curses. 

Anathematize, (a-nath'fr-ma-tic) v. t To do- 
Anatomical, (an-a-tom'ik-al) a. Belonging to 
anatomy or dissection. [anatomy. 

Anatomist, (a-nat'6-mist) n. One skilled u\ 

Anatomisaticn, (a-na-t6-miz-ft'shun) n. Tho 
act of anatomizing. 

Anatomise, (a-nat'd-m!z) v. t To dissect ;~- 
to lay open the interior structure of parts, for 
the purpose of eramining each by itself. 

Anatomy, (a-nat'o-me) n. [G. temnein, to cut] 
Art of dissection ; — act of dividing a thing for 
the purpoee of examining its parts. 

Ancestor, (an'ses-tQr) n. One ftom whom a 
person is deecended, either by fiither or mother. 

iGioestral, (an-ses'tral) a. Relating to ancestors. 

Ancestry, (an'ses-tre) n. A series of progeniUas; 
— ^birth or honourable deecent. 

Anchor, (anglccr) n. An iron instrument 
holding a vessel at rest;— any 
contrivance to hold fiMt ; — ^that 
whidi gives stability. 

Anchor, (angler) «. (. [L. an- 
ehorat an anchor.] To place 
at anchor; — ^to fasten; to fix 
in a stable condition; — v.i. 
To cart anchor ; to come to an- 
chor ;— to fix or rest. 

ijidhorage, (ang'ker- SJ) n. A 
place where a ship can anchor ; 
—a duty imposed for anchor- 
ing in a harbour. 

Anchorite, (anglco-rit) n. [G. ehSrnn, to retira ] 
A hermit ; a recluse ; a monk. 

Anchovy, ran-chd've) n. [Blao. anchua.] A small 
sea-fish of the herring fiunUy. 

Anehylose, (ang^e-loz) v. t. [G. o^lrttlcttn.] To 
unite or fix immovably ; tostifl'en. 

Ancient, (an'shent) a. [F. ancien.] Old; ad- 
vanced in years. 

Anoieats, (On'shents) n. Those who lived in for- 
mer ages, opposed to faoetenu; — ting, the bearer 
of a flag — ^now called an emign. 

Anciently, (ftn'shent-le) adv. Inoldtimn. 

AnciUary, (an'sil-ar-o) a. [L. aneUla,] Sub- 
servient or subordinate, like a handmaid. 





(^-8.] A oeiUiUMMfla wUA 

Aftdttte. (hi Jiiilia) a. [It^ aiulam.] 
dcv: kM tea larpo, more tban alU^rc 
Acdixvi. («adi-ani) «. Avtanttl fixrsopportiiig 

B iiiri ■ fiifnilw 

ir 7 I hiri turiarif f»f Iwth ■rrm 

A biofnphioal incide&th 
**^'^-**'— «, <u-elt-dffi«lk-«I) a. FttteiBioc to 
(wmda, cr Atratttiaa on (b« ral^eet. 
(pn-^-flBofo-jo)!!. Tbo doctrine of 
(m-A-mofD'e-tcr) %, An initra- 
TL'Ct teaeamiiis theferoe and reloeity of the 
T-.^ [cnnrfooi funily : wind-flower. 

»)«. AfoniuKrfplnntoof the 
'o^lclSp)n. [Q. awCT>e t , wind, 
3.' 'i ik9p€im,%a view.] A wwlher-eook : a eon- 
tcTsue fag facinpinf down the inrilmtioiM of 
1 vmd-vaae to a dial below. 
Aaomd, teaVroid) n. (6. nAnot and eidoiO 
A portahla tamoaeter, diimed like a watch, dii- 
'-z^'iSig with the nae of qiuduilTer. 
i£.nrieB, ( aaffl-p am) «. (G.] A aoA tmnonr, 
~r,uzig tran the dustatioa or nxpftoie of an 

Aaew. (aHDft^ erfv. Kewlj ; over *^^ ; afreah. 
iafrtifaaiw, (aa-fkak'tt-iu) a. [U franffert.} 
Wjadinf ; ftd] of windinfi and tnminga. 
Aaffd. (an^ei) ik (O. a||i^r(oi.] A manaager :— a 
p;*;nt cmpic^ed l^ God to oomnninicate his will 
4 miirii4irrinf ■pirii;— en eril tpirit; 
ladeat ooia, wor& aboat tan ahllHnga. 
(«i)r>d) a. ITiwiiiMlug angaJi, or par- 
of tbflV nateie or d]|;nitj. 
(aB-JiTik) a. Bekncing to angeb. 
l&fcijeally, (ao-jertk-el-le) adw, like an angeL 
&£ier, img'wsr) m. TL. anf/cr.} A strong paa- 
mjja or ffiw4y*» of the mbid ezdted hy a raal 
t^ Mppend iaiuxy. [nraM to A t e a u t niuu l 

L&gar. {aat^gpiy «.t To excite to anger; to 
lafxafxvykj, (jia-je-og'ia-fe) n. (G. iippeioa, 
:d prayAd.) A dcaoiption of the Teiaak in 
-. -is huaiMi bo^. 

LrtgietaMj, (an*le«ot'o-me) n. (O. o^^non, 
- -•/.] A dJMWfiri nn of tha veMela ef the body, 
ir.ylr. (w^gl) a. [L. aii|ru<ii«, O. oiM'Wf a 
'-'<E::id J Tlfte point where two Unas meet or inter> 
*^t : n corner ;— the differanoe of directian of 
' «>> Uxkee in the mme plane that meet, or that 
*.ild mteet, if mfBrientlT extended ;— fishing 
uckle ; a hm, hook, and bolt, with or without 
ft rod. 

i. To fidi with line and hook; 
L^^^-ter. Owfgl'bAr) n. A roUed bar of iron. 
(aaf'i^) n. One who flabee ;— >a fiah 


(anffgie-fcan) a, [L. ^npli.] Engliah. 
_ fiie-kMny a. A member of the 

.VTCfa of 

raadgiO'kan-ixm) n. Attaoh- 
rrrnt to Kngiiah tmrtitnttona;— the prindplea 
''f tiie dmrcaof Bngland. 
la^we,(ang'gl»«)a(<e. [L.] InEngUah. 

(■lytleriTm) n. An Kngflah idiom 

Itglirifia, fang'gle^la) v. t To oontem to Sng- 

Lai or to iBnfUih aanlafiaa. 

Ufiflj, (■ag'gM^Je) ad9. In an aogiy maimer. 

_ ,, (ang'gra) e. Toochad with 
■bowing anger ;—ronaed. (of body or mind. 

Angniah, fang'gwWi) n. Extreme pain, either 

Aagnlar, (ang^gfi-ler) a. Haring an angle or 
Ibirminf an angle :— eharp and atiff in cbancter. 

Aanlanty, (ang^-lar'e-te) n. The qnaUty of 
being angolar ; 

AnheTafioB, (an-he-lA'ahnn) «. (L. anh€lart.} 
Shortneai of araath ; diffloult reapiration. 

AaH, (an'U) n. [A. am^mU.rnm 8kr. ntio, dark 
bine.) A ahmb from whoee leaTaa and stalJu 
indigo la made. [becilei 

Anile, (anil) a. [L. antu,] Old-womaniah : im- 

Anility, (a»nif»'te) n» Old age of a woman; 

Anlmadverrien, (an-e-mad-Tci^abnn) n. Be- 
maika by war of critieiam, oenaore, or reproot 

Aaimadrertf (an-e-mad>Tert') v.i. (L onimM, 
oderrtere.] To tun the mind to ; — ^to remark 
by^ way of Gritkiam or oenaore. 

Animal, (an'e-mal) n. [L. amma, Skr. aa.) 
An organiaed living being endowed with aenao* 
tion and the power of Tolontary motion. 

Animal, (anVmal) a. Of, or relating to, animala; 
— ^pertaining to tha aentient put aa distin- 
gniahed Irnn the intelleotnal;— oonaiating of 

AnimaJwle, (an-e-mal'kfll) n. (DiminntiTe of 
aninuU,] A little animal that lain- >j, 
▼iaible, or nearly ao, to the naked Y 
eyei "* 


AnhnalwiHat, (an-e-mallcfl-liat) a. ^u, ^ 
One vened in the knowledge o^^^. 

(aaVmal-flow'er) «. Ani-naiouias. 

A name ajqiUed to aeToral apedee of aoOphy tea. 
Aninudiam, (an'e-mal-ion) n. The atate of mere 

animala: brntiahneaa. 
Awimaliae, (an'e-mal-iz) v. L To glTO animal 

life to>-4o oonvert mto animal matter by 

aarimllatlon :— to regard aa merely animaL 

Aaimal-macnetixm, (an'e-mal-mag'net-ian) n. 

[L. animalt and mopiMt, loadatona.] An agent 

of myaterioaa natoro, which haa a powerful elTect 

on the individual, when acted on by contact, 

on the part of the operator. 

Animate, (an'e-m&t) v.L [L. anieia.] To give 

natural life to ;— to give powen to, or to heighten 

the effect of :— to give spirit or vigour to. 

Anhnata, (an'e-mit) a. Alive; poaseaaing animal 


(anVmAt-ed) p. a. Endowed with 
animal lifb :— ftJl of lUb ; apirited : lively. 

AnimiHiwii (an-e-niA'ahun) n. Act of animat- 
ing, or atate of being animated. 

Annnoaity, (an-e-nuafe-te) a. (L.] Violent hatred: 
active enmity. [purpoee ; apirit : temper. 

Aaimaa, (an'e-moa) n. [L. mind.] Intention; 

Aniae, (an'ia) n. [O. an^CAon.] A plant beaxing 
aromatic aeeda. 

Anker, (anglcer) n. [D.] A Dutch liquid 
meaanre, containing ten wine gallona 

Ankle, (angld) n. [A-& anke.) The Joint 
which oonnecta the foot with the leg. 

Annalist, (an'nal-ist) i«. A writer of annala. 

Annala, (an'nala) n. pL [L. onaiu.] A histoiy 
of eventa, each being reoordad under the vear 
in which it happened: the title of anch a 
Uatory ;— an annual publication of diaooveries, 
&a [year'a proAta of a apiritual proferment 

Annata, (an'nate) n. pL, (Za annM«.J The flnt 

An«i*^, (an-nfilO «. U [A-8. alan, to kindle.] 
To heat nearly to fluidity, and then cool alowly. 



im tbe parpoat of vandering leM brittle or to 

Aaaas, (an-ndnO v. t {L. ad, to, and nteUrt, 

to tto.] To unite «ttbe end; toiubjoin;— to 

Add a nuUer thing to » greater;— to oonneot ae 

a ooDMonenoe. 
A^wtrnwutX^m^ (an-nek»-&'ahim) n. Aot of uniting, 

or oonneoting ; addition. [nexsd. 

Annesamt, (an-neka'ment) n. The thing an- 
Ai.i.iiin>fcu, (an>n?hil-a-bl> a. Capable of being 

Annihilate, (an-ni'hU-ftt) v.t. (L. ad and 

nihil, nothing.] To rednoe to nothing: to 

oanae to oeaae to be :— to daitroy the form or 

peottliar propertiee at 
f""''*''**^^, (an-ni-hil-ft'shnn) n. Aot of ze- 

dudng or state of being reduoed to nothing. 
AnaiTeraarVj (an-ne-Tcnr'a^re) a. [L. annu$, 

vtnare.] Betoming with the year, at a itated 

tima [brated aa it retuma eaoh year. 

JjuiiTenazT, (an-ne-vcn'a-xn) n. A day oele- 
Annotate, (an'n&-tftt) v. i. [L od and notart.} 

To make oomments, or remarki. 
Annotation, (an-n6-t&'ahan) ». A remark, 

note, or oomment on aome punge of a book. 
Aanotator, (an'nfi-tiLt-cr) n. A writer of notee; 

aoommentator; aachouast 
Anaotto, (aa-not'to) n. A apeoiea of red or yel* 

lowiih-nd dyeing materiaL 
Annonnoe, (an^noona^ v.t [L. od and nuneiare.] 

To giro poDlio notice, or first notice of; to make 

known. [notioe; proclamation; dedaratum. 
Aanooneemeat, (an-noonateent) a. Aot of giving 
Annoy, (an-noyO v. i. [F. anoier, Ih. fieeeoj 

To distorb by ocmtinned or repeated aot& 
Annoyance, (an-noy'ana) n. Aot of annoying, 

or atate of being annoyed:— that which annoya 
Annoyer, (an-nc^'cr) n. One who diaturba. 
Anwnal, (an'n(l*al) a. Betoming or happening 

•reryyear: yearly ;— bleating one year. 
Annnal, (an'nfi^) n, A thine happening or re- 

toming yearly ;— a work pubuahed onoe a year : 

—a plant that liTee but ono year. 
Annually, (an'nfl-al-le) adv. Teariy. 
Annuitant, (an-nfifit-ant) n. A person who 

has an annuity. 
Annuity, (an>niiVte) n. [L. aniiKs, year.] A 

sum of money payable within the year. 
Annul, (an-nuO v.t. [L. od, and nullum.] To 

make Toid or of no eibot— used of lawa, dedaiona, 

usages, Aa 

Annular, (an'nil-ler) a. Pertaining to, or bar- 
ing the fonn of, a ring. 
Innnlated, (an'nu-lat«d) a. Haring rings or 

Annulet, (an^ii-let) n. [Jj. annulut.} A little 

ring ;— « small fillet [nulling. 

Annuhneat, (aa-nul'ment) n. The act of an- 
Annuloaa, (an'na-lte) a. Famished with rings. 
Annumerate, (an-nd'mcr-ftt) v.t (L. ad and 

numeronf, to number.] To add to a number. 
Annumeraoen, (an-nfi-mcr-ft'shnn) n. Addition 

to a former number. 
Annnnoiate, (an-nnn'se-ftt) v.'f. (L. annuneiar*,] 

To announce; to bring tidinga 
Annnnciatinn, (an-nun-ee-&'s!mn) n. Act of an- 
nouncing; — name of a fisstiTal In memory of the 

angel's announcement to the Virgin Haiy. 
AaMlyae, (aa'O-din) n. Any medicine whidi 

aUavB pain, aa an opiate or narootio. 
Ane<fyaa, (an'6-dln) a. [Q. a priv. and oditn^, 

pain.] Berring to assnage pain. 
i^MMt, (a-noint) «. (. (U to tfod nn^tn, to 

] To poor oil upon; to rub over with oil; 
—to conseorate by uncUon. 

Anointed, (a-noinved) n. The Messiah. 

Anointnunt, (a-noint'ment) Dv Tbeactofaaoii&t- 
ing; the state of being anointod. [nilob 

Anofnaliam, (a-nom'al-uan) n. A deviatioa frova 

Anemaloos, (a-nom'a-lna) eu [0. a priT. o7no«, 
same.] Deviating from general rule, mothod, 
or analogy; abncrmaL 

Anomalonaly, (a-nomVlna-Ie) adv. Irregularly. 

Anomaly, (a-nomVle) n. Deviation from tbe 
common rule or analogr: irregularity. 

Anon, (a-nonO adv. [Oil £ng.] Quickly: — aX, 
another time; again. 

AnonyBioaa, (a-non'e-mus) a. [G. a priv. and 
oaoMo.] Wanting a name; withoat the real 
name ;— frequently written Anon. [name. 

Anonymonaly, (a-nonVmus-le) odr. WiUiout a 

Another, (an-uxB'er) a. Not the same ; diiferent ; 
~^me more ;— any one else. [handl<SL 

Anaated« (an'aftt^ a. VL anta.} Having & 

Anaerine, (an'scr-in) a. (L. onjcr.] Pertaining 
to, or resembling, a gooae, or its sldn. 

Anawer, (an'sQr) v.t [A -8. and, against, and 
tiMf^^an, to aflmn.] Tospeak or write in return 
to a call, question, argument, Ac. ; — ^to respond 
satisfactonly; to refiito; to be opposite to; to 
laoe ; to act in accommodation, reliMbion, or pro- 
portion to :— V. t. To make response : — to make 
a satisfactory response: to write in reply to ; — • 
to be aooountable ; — ^to be or aot by wsy of oom- 
nlianoe, aatisfsction, or opposition ; to suit. 

Ancwsr, (an'scr) n. Something said or written 
in return to a call, question, argument, or the 
like;— done in return for, or in conseqnanoe of: 
the solution of a question. 

Anawemble, ^an'ser-a-bl) & Capable of boiim; 
answered ;— obliged to answer ; liable to pay, or 
make good; — oonformabla 

Anawerablaneee, (an'sQr-a-bl-ues) «. Qualitv of 
being answentUe. [sgreeauly. 

Answerably, (an's(r-a-ble) adv. Suitably; 

Anawerer, (an'aer-sr) n. One who repliea 

Ant, (ant) a. An emmet; a pismirs. 

Antaeid, (ant-as'id) n, [O. anii. L. oeidiM.] A 
remedy for acidity of the stomach. 

Antagoiilam, (an-tag'&-nizm) n. [G. anti^ and 
oif&H.] Oppoeition of action; contrariety of 
prindplai. [tenda with another in combat. 

Antaffoiiuatf (an-tag'O-nist) n. One who con- 

AntagonistM, (an-tag-O-nisfik) a. Opposing; 
acting in oppodtion. 

Antalgic, (an-tafjik) a. [G. anti, against, and 
algott pain.] Alleviating pain. 

Antsrohiam, (an-tArk'iam) n. [p. anti, atrAJ.] 
Oppodtion to regular government. 

Antaretio, (ant4rk'tik) a. [0. anti, arktot.} 
Oppodte to the north pola 

An animal that feeda 


Ant-eater, (anV6t-€r) 7». 

upon ante. 
Antecedence, (an-t6- 

sfid'ens) ii. Aot or 

state o/preceding in 

time : preoedenoe. 
Antecedent, (an-t6- 

sed'ent)a. (L, ante, 

before, and ceden, 

to go.] Going before 

in time. 
Antecedent, (an-tS- 

sed'ent) n. That Ant^sater. 

which goes before in time; — ^the noun to which 

• rdatiT9 vefoft;— tbe ^ |Murt of ^n «otbjr- 

«'. MHH^lJiigy'a^ 

■•^Uk [Unie :' pnrkailT. 

It. toMiifMrt-li) odiL BcfEnb 
« ta^l ftiim Nit) a. A ^V"****" 

- r-'im.] Btfan Iba dalnga. 

-^rt Itig Aid (Duidl itf Kia. 
lia™* (n-l«n'B»J «.pt [li. mi/BWO, Mfl- 

-■-.TftiHtl, ^D«-nAal) a. Seini beton 

h''JJ, tabccdaiit: — bflfcnlA J^BU. 

'''"«■ (utc-ria^ H. A itKm loimliif tbg 

^luimiatU, (u-lbel-miotil) ■. A iDodicins 
■ n [IcKiDn or apsla wonM ; ■ «niiitii([s. 

.yi rmuiJr. lib. 

^ l«i'*ti) ■. [O. a-illm.] Ttiil pirt 
-iM daa. [to MiliolDgj. 

Kii»««^ l«-Uio-lDdTk*l) a. Pcrtimlng 
'-*^, Oo-Uui-o-Ja) ■. |G. t^llui nod 
.'^^1 A cUioixin* oa flomn; — % eDlldotlou 

~-°*>r* In, (u'lon-ii Gr] n. Thi stnlpalu. 
i=J™«t (itfUTMit) B. ra. oiuJrutl A 
_-" J. oofDcact Tuiotj of cokl iuRhl/ cmrbu. '" 
a-ttua-pa-lorik-al} a. 

''T^ ( 


)Q. aiuArdj»i, nun, uit ntorW, roim.] B»- 

nRD n ktuibola. 
Ajthfapayto, (ui-tlir&-po|i'>-tb«) ■>. Ilia 

MCriptiDO of hmuii (esliutii uid mwttnni 

to tha anpnms Btlng. 
AnannjitaBC], (an-lhrO-pafi-jg iLJit. (a 

aJitkrOpiH wad. pLiffriiu] Man-catart : n a nnll» la' 
AnUi, tes'Uk) a. [7. anri^iii ' ' " ' 

Evitarac ; Inakznulj wild. 

Aatie, (ui'tik) h. A ba 

JTilirhTliT. (vi'ld-kiifft) t 

DiTooa ;-4dd darloa. 

li'u^ a. [O. rnitl. and 

oppcailB dlrvctioiu. 

Intuliiul, (uj'tfl-kli'zu]) n. nie cmt-tliie from 

_i.._i_ _,_.. ^p^ opDoiltfi direcLioia. 

u, (u-U-kDD-ti'J«-iu)a. Oppodig 

AitliMa, (Bii'to-dul) n. [G. anil, didoui, to 
glTfl.] ^ut which laodj to cuudtwact uij 

Aoti-apuecipal, {ui-tfr^piyWpal) 0. Oppoaad 
.tottaofflo, . xiUflof^bia^,^ 

'Ik-al) 0. C 


-lB-fo))'ril) o. Th»lh— -' ' 

tnuT to iDDiid doctrina. 


Antl-nlHtu, tui-te^ga-Ui'tJk) 

t hu thi qoilit; 
.'o-ja) n, (Q. ETiEl and bue^ 

ftpMch.] A WDiiauit-uoji m Letiog. 
ADtuzwDiai, (^LO'ta-mJ^na-aJ) 

AntuBQDf , (vi'te-mi 


nG-ms) n. [O. anit, ivmai, 

Aatipapal, ^-to-pA'pal) a. Oppoaiaf tLa papaoy 

Anti^uiL^^(iD-t»iiu-a-Iit'iJi)a. [Q. aallud 

iaiptltj, (aD-Iip'a-tiu) a. [O. aili a^ 
p<nchtin, to lofler.] An avuiioa fait at a pU' 
ticukar objac(;-'4 conUviatj^ in tha pioptrtiw 





Isii-padolMftict, Can-te-pe-dO-bapOirt) n. 

oppciaed to infant baptism. 
Aatiphloffiitio, (an-td-fl&-JLi'tik) n. Axnedidnfi 

or met whidi tends to cheok inflammation. 
Aatiplumy, (an-tifo-ne) n. [G. anti, phOni, 

■onnd.] An anthem lung alternately by a choir 

divided into two parti; areaponae. 
Antiphraaia, (an-tirrar«is) n, (G. anti, pkrazeiitf 

to ipeak.] Uae of words in a lenie opposite to 

thttr proper meaning. 
Antipodal, (an-Up'od-al) a. Pertaining to the 

antTpodes; diametrically opposed. 
Aatipodea, (an-tip'o4te) fi. pL [G. anti, pout, 

fbot] Those who UVe on opposite sides of the 

globe, and whose feet are, of coozse, qi^xwite ; 

—the opposite side. [vene to prelacy. 



AatipselatioaL (an-te-pre-lat'ik-al) a. Ad 
ABtiqaaxiaari>n-te-kwftTe-an) a. [L. aiUiquus. 


Pertaining to antiquity. 
Aatiquariaoiam, (an-te-kwa're-an-izm) m 

of antiquity. 
Antiquary, (ante-kwa-re) n. One versed in anti 

quities ;— a ooUeotor of andent things. 
Aatiquate, (an'te-kwat) «. (. To make old. 
Antiquated, (ante-lcwit-ed) p. a. Grown old, or 

out of fiudilon ; obeolete. 
Antique, (an-tekO a. [L. ante.] Old ;— of old 

ftsmon ;~made in imitation of antiquity. 
Antique, (an-tek') n. In general, any thing very 

old : in a limited sense, a remnant of antiquity : 

Antiquity, (an-tik'we-te) n. Ancient times; — 

great age ;—t><. the remains of ancient times. 
AntiaabDatBzian, (an-te-sab-ba>t&'re-an) n. One 

opposed to a strict observance of the Babfaath. 
Anturr**, (an-te'she-i) n. pL [G. anti, «lta, 

shadow.] The inhabitants of the earth living 

on diiEnent sides of the equator, whose shadows 

at noon are oast in contrarv directions. 
AntiaoQrimtie, (an-te^kar-bO'tik) a. [L. scor- 

6ittiM, sourvv.] Counteiacting the scurvy. 
Antiaeriptarai, (an-te-skxip'tur-al) a, Not ao- 

oordant with Scripture. 
Antiseptic, (an-te-eep'tik) n, A substance whidi 

resists or oorreots putreCsotion. [slavery. 

AntialaTsry, (an-teHdAv'cr*e) n. Opposition to 
Antifloeial, (an-te«(yshe«l) a. Averse to society 

or hostile to its existence. 
Antispaniodio, (an-te-spas-modlk) a. Opposing 

Antistrophe, (an-tii'tro-fe) n. [G. atUi, $trophi, 

a turning.] Repetition of words in an inverse 

order; — the turning of an advenary's plea 

against him; — a song or dance, performed by 

turning from left to right, in opposition to 

Antithsian, (an-te'thfi-iam) %. [G. anti, thw, 

God. ] Opposition to God, or belief in a God. 
Antithsaia, (an-tith'e-sis) n. [G. anti, thetia.] 

An qpq^tion of words or sentiments ; oontnst ; 

«->reveiae of tjfnthfrit. 
Antithstieal, (an-te-thet1k-sl) a. Pertaining 

to, or containing, antithesis. 
Antitriaitaxian, (an-te-trin-e-tfir'e-an) a. Oppos- 
ing the doctrine of the Trinity. 
Antitfpe, (an'te-ttp) n. [G. anti, tupos,] That 

wliioh is prefigured by the tyw; thus the 

paschal lamb wss a (yjM of which Christ is the 

AnUtypleal, (an-te-tapTik-al) o. Relating to an 

antitype ; explaining a type. 
Antler, (anVlcr) n. [F. antoiUier.] A start or 

blanch of a horn, as of the stag or moossb 

AnvU, (an'vil)ii. [A.-8. anJUL] An iron block, 
with a steel fMe, upon 
which metalsare hammered 
and shaped ; — to bt onths 
anvil, to be in a state of 

Anxiety, (ang-d'e-te) n. [L.] hhhk! \Bd ' . '' r 
Solicitude about some M^WU^ W ".' 
future or uncertain event. AnvlL 

Anxioua,(angk'shus)a. [L. onxiiu.] Greatly con- 
cerned respecting something future or un- 
known ; a c companied with anxiety. 
Anxiously, (angk'shua-le) adv. with anxiety 

or suUcitude. [tnde; anxiety. 

Anxionsaeaa, (angk'shus-nes) n. Great solid* 
Any, (en'ne) a. [A -8. on and ig.} One out 

of many;— some; an indefinite number or 


Any, (en'ne) adv. To any extent : at alL 
Anywise, (en'ne-wlz) adv. In any manner; at 

any rate. 
Aenst, (a'6-rist)7i. [G. a priv. and eros, limits] 

A Greek tense whiph enreases an action com- 
pleted, but, in respect of time, indeterminate. 
Aorta, (8rorfa) n. [G. aeirtin, to heava] The 

great artery from the heart. 
Aortal, (Srort'al) a. Pertaining to the aorta. 
Apaoe, (a-p&sO adv. Quickly ; nastily. 
Apart, (a-p4rtO adv. Separately, in regard to 

space or company; aside ; — asunder. 
Apartment, (a-p£rt'ment) n. [L. a and pan, 
jpart] A room in a building or house. 
ApaUi«tie,(ap4k*thefik)a. Void of feeUng. 
Apathy, (apa-the) n. [G. a priv. imd pathotL] 

want, or a low degree, of feeling; insensibility. 
Ape, (ap) n. [A. -8. apa, Skr. tapi. O. kfpot, 

keipo$?] A quadru- 

manous mammal hav- 
ing teeth of the same 

number and fbnn as in 

man, and | mt** "— *"g 

neither a tail nor 

dieek pouches; — one 

who imitates servU^. 
Ape, (&p) v.t To 

imitate servilely; to 

Aperienti (a-pS^re-ent) a. [L. apenre.] Having 

the quality of opening; laxative. 
Aperient, (a-pfi're-ent) n. A laxative medicine. 
Aperture, (ap'er-tfir) n. An opening, either 

natural or artiflaial ; a hole. 
Apex, (a'peks) n. The top or summit of a thing. 
Apheresis, (arf^e-slB) n. [G. apo, airein.] Tho 

taking of a letter or ^UaUe lro» the be- 
ginning of a word. 
Aphelien, (a-fi^e-un) n. [G. apo, from, and htliot, 

sun.] That point of a pluiet's orbit most distant 

irom the sun, the opposite being called peri- 

AphoBT, {af o-ne) n. [G. a prlT. and pk6ni, 

voice. J A loss of voice ; dumbness. 
Aphorism, (afor-ism) n. [G. aphorifein.} A 

principle expressed in few words ; a short sen- 
tence containing important truth. 
Aphorlstical, (ato-iaf ik-al) a. Having the Ibrm 

of an aphorism. fgoddeM of love. 

Aphrodite, (af-nvdi'te) «. [G.] Venua, the 
Apiarist, <&'pe-a-riBt)n. Onewbokeeps an apiary. 
Apiazy, (ft'pe-are) n. [L. apw.] A place where 

bees ore kept ; a bee-house. 
Apiece, (a-pes^ adv. To saeh ; to the share of 





AplA, (Isdiik) a. Having tho qnalStiM of aa 
«p0 : iiiaiaM to imiteto in a aerrilo manner. 
ApooaJ lij wi K la'pok'a-lipi) n. (O. opototitpteifi.] 
t : tte iMi book in the BiUa. 

(a-pok-a-lipTte-kal) a. Cantaining 
or pBtainiBc to zvrelation. 
JfBeiyfe^ (a-pok'o-pfti) v. t To oat off or diop 
tte jMt letter or qrUaUe of a ironL 
Afearpka, te-pak'x«-&) n. pL {Q.apo,ir%ptetn. 
to hida.] Booka whoee authentioity, ae inapina 
viitiiv, te aol admitted. 

(a^ok^e-fU) 0. NotcanonieaL 
(ap-w-diktik-ol) a. [G. opo, det- 
Bridentbejondoontndiction; india- 


If,.., imffo-^n. {Q. ape.pttia.] That point 
in ihm ortHoif thamoonift the greateet dietanoe 
ftom the earth— oppoeed to perigee. 
AmaO^^^pearki^iu A Qteekddtj;— thegodof 
the aaa. BKiiiie^ and poetrj. 

{mrpo^jaa) n. [G.] The daetrt^yer— 

(a>pdl'&-Jetlk-al) a. [O. apo, logo; 

iTmeatfiy ordeftoeiTeL 

.(arpol^Jetfik8)N.dR^. Tbat which 

the beripMiee^ and eete finth the 

of their anthoritj. 

(p^yol^Jiet) «. One who makee an 

(»«enhEs) V. i. . To make an apology. 
(apo>19g) fi. [O. opetoyot.] A moial 

(a^pol'M) n. [O. apo, from, and 
•eh.] Something eaid fxt written in 

jaetiftnatinn ;--an a^nowledgment 
of f9<B^ impropar remark or act. 
ijujlHtiii, ftp ^piy tlk) a. [G. apo, pitaeiji.] 
iTedMnaBed to apoplexy. 

~ rtCap^pM^-w))^ [O-] AdieeMecaoeed 
• on the brain. 

(»-poc*ta«^ n. [Q^ ape, «(Aui<, to 
.] Ade|)nrtaielxom€iM'eikith,prineip]eB, 

te-poe'tit) n. One who hee for- 
bia aith, prindpIeB, or party. 

(appoMt) a. FkUing from the frith. 
^^MW'ta-tb;) V. t. To abandon one^e 
^***»^ pajrtijff chnrch. or jmifeeitoii. 

(ap'oe-tem) n. [G. ooof (Altai] An 
a aovB filled with paralent matter. 
CaWti2)ik tF. apoteitZ*.] A marginal 
nele or nfrfeaee; a poetMaipt. 
Iieafle. (a-poeU) n. (G. apeedildn.] A penon 
dupniad to cseente bnitneai ; «pee<^eaUy, one of 
the tmmk9% oeni to pieaflh the goipel. 

(a-poaw-ehip) «. 'Stub oBk^ of an 

C^-oe-toTIk) a. PBteiDing to the 

_, , their timee. or eplxit;— the^pMColte 

tec, tbe inzledktion Of the Fopei 
J I ■ eh ■!! ■ , (a^wiTtro-fc) a. [G. apo, ttrepktMJ] 
AetaMaoKtha oomeeofaq^eedi; adiTenkm; 

a woid noted br * merk, ae. 

(a^pOi^tn>*fls) V. t. To addreee by 
-to eontraet by omitting a letter. 

/, (a^pothVkar-e) «. [G. avolhiU,) 

who ptapai ee and eeUi droge wr medi« 

(ap'o-tliem) n. [G. apo and 
jTtfi^^a.l A ehort^ pithy, and inetnutiTe 

(^-o^hi'S^b) a. [G. ape and nUea] 

Act of elsTatlng to the rank of the gode; deifl- 

Appal, (ap-pawlO v, t Hf. appalir, L. ad and 
palUo.} lb depzeas or disoonnge with feir. 

^manage, (ap'pan-M) n. [It , L. ad and patUa] 
The portion aMgned by a prince for the snbiiit* 
enoe of hie younger abne ;— austenanoe. 

AnparatoB, (ap-pa-ii'toe) n. [L. act and param] 
Thinge prorided ae meane to eome end ; etpeeu 
allpt a collection of implemente for p er forming 
experiments oi operationa. 

Apparel, (ep-par'el) a. [F. apporvil, L. paro.} 
Covering for the body. 

Apparel, (ap-pax'en v.t, To drees ; to attire; to 
adorn; toembelUeh. h 

Apparent, (ap-pb'ent) a. (L. apparere.] Cap- 
able of being eeen, or easily seen ;— beyond ques- 
tion or doubt;— appearing to the eyoi but not 
tmeor xeaL 

Apparently, (ap-ptar'ent-le) adv. Visibly; 
e^enUy: in appearance only. 

ApparitioB, (ap>pa-rish'un) ». Appearance; 
— avisiblsolijeot; a8^cet;aspeotre. 

Apparitor, (ap*partt^) n. A Roman officer; 
—a m e ei en gCT who serree the process of a 
spiritual court;— >the beadle who carries the 

Appeal, (ap-pao n. Bemotal of a suit from an 
iiWBrior to a superior court:— « summons to 
answer;— a call for proof, or to grant a frrour ; 
lesoit; recourse. 

Appeal, (ap*paOv<i [L.fromadandp«{lfre.] To 
xemore a cause from an inferior to a superior 
court ;— to refer to another fOT decision : to call 
on for aid;~v. t. to remove a cause iVom 
an inforior to a superior court. [appealed. 

Appealable, (aphofifa-bl) a. Capable of being 

Appealer, (ap-per«r) a. One who appeals. 

Appear, (ap-pbO v.t. [L. ad and porem] 
To oome in sight;— to stand in presence of ;— 
tobe obvious ;— to seem, in opposition to raali^. 

Appearanee, (ap-pCr'ans) a. Act of coming into 
aigfat^— a phenomenon; semblance;— ^peiBonal 
prseence; outward show;— introduction in a 
partloular eharaoter ;— the act by which a party 
plaeee himself before the court 

Appearer, (ap-per'tr) n. One who appears. 

A p peasa bl e, (ap-pia'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
appeased or quoted, 

Appeaae, (ap-pte^ v. t [F. apat<«r, from h. 
ad and pax, peace. ] To make quiet 

Appeaaer, (ap-pis'er) n. One who paoiflee. 

Appellant, (ap-perant) a. A pezaon who makes 

AppeOatioa, (ap-pd-i'shnn) a. The name by 
which a person or thing is caUed; title; addreas. 

Appellative, (ap-pel'a-tiv}a. [L. appc^larr.] Per- 
taining to a common namei 

AppeUative, (ap-peKartiv) n. A common, at 
doBtinguiBhed from a proper name. [appeaL 

Appellee, Cap-pel-8') a. The defendant in aa 

AppaUsr, (ap^pel'er) n. The penon alio hi- 
ratntee an appeal, or pneeontee for a crime. 

Append, (ap>pend') v. 1 [L. ad and pendtrt.} lb 
hanger attach:— to add,. as aa aooessocy totha 
principal thing; to annex. 

Appenuga, (ap-nead'lO) *•* ^"'""t^fng added as 
euDordinsAe or xnoidentaL 

J^n^daat, (ap-pend'aat) a. Hanging ; annexed. 

i^endix,<ap-pend'iks)a. Bcmething appended; 
~-tptei/UaUy, matter added to a book; a supp ia- 

Appartaiat (sp^pflrwtin) 9.1, {JL ad 



tinert.] To belong by natnre, right, or cas- 

AppetaiMj, (An'pe-teaHw) f?. Btrong natazal 
■ oeiire ; Miisual appetite ;— the dispoeition of or- 
ganiied bodies to aaoh portiona of matter ai 
nourish them. 

Appetite, (ap'pS-tit) n. [Ll appetere.] Desire of 
gxatifioation;— epec</(ca2Zyi a desire of food or 
drink. [petite. 

Appetise, (ap'pS-tiz) v. i. To oreate, or whet, an ap- 

Appland, Jap-plawd') v. t. or i [L. ad and plau- 
aere.] To praise by clapping 4he hands; to 

Applause, (ap-plawsO n. Act of applauding ; ap- 
probation pubUcly expressed; oommendation. 

ApplauiiTe, (ap-pUwCiv) a. Applauding ; con- 
taining applanae. 

Apple, (ap'pl) n. [A.-8. appel] A well-known 
tree and its fknit ;— the pupil <»r the eye. ^ 

Anpliaaee, (ap-plt'ans) n. Act of applying, or 
thing applied ; instrument or means. 

AppUoability, (ap-ple-ka-bU'e-te) n. Quality of 
being appUoable or suitable. 

Applioalue, (ap'ple-ka-bl) a. Ciq;>able of being, 
or fit to be. applied ; • suitable ; adapted. 

Applieaat, (ap'ple-kant) n. One who applies. 

Ayplieate- oraiwate, (ap'ple-kat-or'de-nfttj n. A 
right line applied at right 
angles to the axis of any 
oonic section, and bounded 
by the curve. 

AppUoatio&» (ap-ple-ka'- 
Miun ) n. Act of applying; 
•^the thing applied j^act 
of soliciting;— employment 
of meana;--«ot of fixing the 
mind: intenseness ofaaAppli«ateH>rdinate. 

Apply, (ap-pin 9.t [Lb od mdplieare.] To lay 
or place;— to employ for a purpose, or in a par- 
ticnlar ease ;— to aecJare sa suitable, or relative ; 
i^to employ diligently, or with attention; — v.i. 
To suit or agree ; — to hare recourse to. 

Appoint, (ap-pointO v.t [L. od and puncfum, 
a point] To fix with power or flrmnesa ; to 
preaciibe:— to allot, or set apart;— to provide 
with : to equip;— V. i. To determine ; to ordain. 

Appointnunt, (ap-point'ment) 11. Act of ap- 
pointing or state of being appointed ;— stipula- 
tion : airangement ;— a time fixed for meeting ; 
—an allowance or salary;— pL accoutrements 
or equipments. 

Apportioa, (ap-pOrUran) v.t [h. ad and por- 
tio.] To diTioe in Just proportion: to port out 

Apportioner, (ap-pOzCshun-cr) n, One who ap- 

Apportionment, (ap-pOr'shun-ment) n. Act of 

Appoaita, (ap'pO-iit) a. [L. od and poiure.] 
Vexy applicable : well adapted ; roIcTanl 

Appoaito^, (ap^p6-sii-le) adv. Properly; suitably. 

A^oaitsMM, (ap'pOnilt-nea) lu Fitneai; auit- 

Appeaitim, (ap-pO-iiah'nn) n. Act of adding: 
accretion;- the state of two nouns in the same 
without a oonneoting word. 

Appraise, <ap-pras^ v.t (L. ad and pretium.] 
To set a value on : to estimate the worth o£ 

(H^prU'meiit) n. Act of ap- 

Appraiaer, (ap'prSi'er) n. One who appraises; 
apsci/koUf , one appointed and avrani to fix tha 
Talne of goods and estatea. 

Appreciable, (ap-pre'she-a-bl) a. Capable of being 
estimated or appreciated. 

Appreoiata» (ap-prB'she-ftt) v. t To set a {ffice 
on; to estimate justly or truly ;— v. i. To rise , 
in Talue. (mate. 

Apprecia t ion, (ap-pre-ahe-ft'shun) n. A Just esti- 

Appreoiatire, (ap-prfi'she-at-iT) a. Having or 
implying appreciation. 

Ap^ehend, (ap-pr8-hend^ v, (. [L. ad and pre- 
hendere.] To seise or wy hold of ;— to under- 
stand;— to entertain sumiclon or fear of; — v. i. 
To be of opinion ; to beliera 

Apprehensible, (ap-pr&Jien'se-bl) a. Capable of 
being apprehended. 

Apprehension, (ap-pre-hen'ahnn) n. Act of seis- 
ing:- taking by legal proceas;— grasping an idea 
or argument :— the faculty by whidi ideas are 
oonceiTed^— distrust or fear at the praspeot ot 

Apprehenai^e, (ap-prO-han'siv) a. Pearful; sus- 
picious; peroq;>tiTe. 

Apprehenaively, (ap-pre-hen'rir-le) adv. In an 
apprehensive manner; sunriciously. 

Apprehenaiveneas, (ap-pr8-hen'siT-nes) n. The 
quaMty of being apprehenaiTe; fearftdneas. 

Apprentice, (ap-pren'tis) n. One bound to 
another to learn a trade or art. 

Apprentioe, (ap-prsn'tis) v. L To bind out ca 
an apprentiqe. 

Appren ti oeahi p , (ap-pren'tla-ahip) n. The con- 
dition of an ai^Nrentioe; the time for which ha 

Apprise, (ap-priO v. i. [F. apprUt.) To inform ; 
to give notice, Tcrbal or written ;— «. i. To set 
a value on. 

Ajpproach, (ap-proohO v.i. [L. ad and proptare.] 
To come or go near, in place or time^-^o ap- 
proximate : — V. t To cause to draw near. 

Approach, (ap-prOchO «. The act of drawing 
near : — access or opportunity;— a passage. 

ApproachaUa, (ap-pr6chVbl) a. Capable of 
being approached : aoceoBible. 

Approbaium, (ap-pr&-bft'shun) n. The act of ap- 
proving: consent; approval. 

Approbaiory, (ap'pro-M-tor-e) a. Approving; 
containing approbation. • 

Appropriable, ^ap-pryprft^-bl) a. Capable of 
being appropriated. 

Appropriate, fap-prO'prS-ftt) v. t. \Jj. ad and 
propriiM, one a own.] To aet apart for a pur- 
poee, or for one's self; to aaaign. 

Appropriate, (ap-prO'pr&-&t) a. Set apart for a 

jparticular use or person ; hence, peculiar. 

Appropriately, (ap-prfi'prS-at-le) adv. In an ap- 
propriate manner. 

ApprepriateaeM, (ap-prl/prS-ftt-nes) n. Suitablo- 
ness ; fitness. [setung apart for a pnrpoee. 

Appropriation, (ap-pr6-prB-a'«hun) «. Act of 

Approvablai (ap-prOov'a-bl) a. Worthy of appro- 
bation, [approbation. 

i^rpraval, (ap-prMv'al) n. Act of approving; 

Anproive, (ap-pr66v0 v.t [L. ad and probarc] 
To think well of ;— to prove ; — to make or ahow 
to be worthy ; to commend ; — to sanction. 

Approw, (ap-prMy^r) ik ^e who oonfesaes a 
cnme, and roveals his aocomplioea. 

Approximate, ^ap-prok'se-mftt) a. Near to;— 
nearly i^roaoning comotnesa 

Approximate, (ap-]^ok''se-mAt) v.t [L. ad and 
proariwuare.} To cany near; to cause to ap- 
proach ;^v. i To come near ; to approach. 

ApproKiination, (ap-prok-ee-mft'shun) n. An a|H 

jiroach : a coming near. [by a moving body. 

Appulaien, (ap-pul'ahun) n. A striking against 

wn boa Ml* BBtn:- 

-,, n qipaidan tplaiB. 

Arn«^>- ABM&«n*Di>idtoIbe 
t-TtO. IffirS) m. [U apnirc, to opcD] na 

ttnftli Biail tf tlH jmi, 
t^^m. &ym orVtavB) a. A Ontb, or pins 

of hittar, wrik oi U» fbn part of the bo^, 

^i*i^<V^fr^)a^. IP.J Tolbipntpai; 

JvtiMail;: iMiimtlr. 
ttmt.^^iMHL IS.] OuaflhtttropoitiUtli 

_ _™^_. _^ _. .^ ■ It and l«Mt di». 

poBd cofltaaaril* >— ndr ■ prompt. 
iflBtl, M^-J) X. [0. a pilT. md ^ 

UBitiM^: — iimIIiiim daeililr. 
Afar<(^«V>a^- Fnpslj: nadlh; wKtUr- 
AjCMK. (mrt^) >. QuUtrofnadincH. 
" 1. (l^kn) 


. {t*w lfn.vBi) n. [L.] An otlfleU] 

AnMa. (V>Mk) o. Tbi 

bwuMfl at the AnttenL ..i*.*^.^. 

An&a. (v-k-bDa. |I. nmn.] Rt (Or tUJage oi 
j>i^(liiB(: phMfticd. 
trwmm^ (v-a-DK'iiii) «. FtrlalBlng ta the 

dmv^DM rf Ann: iiwfjleadir totbtdrlu- 

raf tW Siro-etaWeic, 
MM, (tt'ba-ltT) «L {L.] A p*n« «■ 

»liiUd tijr putlg) In i 

_ (li-bt-trit) r. _ 

u uUtntot ; — to dstrrfDlna gquenlljr. 

AiWtntlin, (ir-bv-Irl'ihiiDJ i>. Tbs hearlnc uid 
d«tcrrmbiktldD of ft imamu bvtwvoa pftrt^s ib 

AtbiBmtor, {ir-b6-t»'tcr) n. A pnvli cAwm ij 

jertiv* tod«t«Tmii»Uieird]fl^Dmai:^ — anpirtL 
£lbeai. (irli^) n. A bona ; ■ Ht thaded bj 

tna ; — a rpindld or ai^ 
Atbanaont (tr-boT«'i!ot> a. [L. urteiwrrc.] 

RflKmbliiu ft ti«4 ; beooDilM ttw-Ukfl. 
Aibonl, Mr^iA-TTt) *. AiruU (»■; ft ihrnb. 
Aiteinlln, (ti-W-lt^l'ihiui) n. A tn»-lik* 

appcuim*, «>«dftllT iji mlnor^ or fnsllt. 
AA«it», (ir-MlO n. (L. arftor. J Tb» nniiib«i7> 

tree ; ft abmb of tlit tafftth Amllr. 
Am. (krt) «. [Ix ar- - • "— - 

tatioe of ft ciroltoT cvno 
«nftd*,(4i-liU']K. [Sp-ai 

— a wvUi ftirJvd ftboT* ; ■ /at, 

rftnn of ilinpi ftlont ftn ftttbtd pft>»^ 
Ainiiiiii, likr-bU'»«n) a. FntainJnclo Areadli, 

ft dlitrict In Fsloponiidai, Id Qnna. 

Imuiimi, (b-kft'DiuiiJ 1ft [li.] A Hcnt; (An^ 

rftUj pl.t mjitariv. 
Areli, (bch) a. [ProHoif cti^. riK, in art.} 

Coiuiliic or ftlr : mlBhteToni : ncnlih. 
*— ■■ <itrh)o. (O, a—'-- ' ■"-'-'-»■ J-i.-"— • 

Fftrt of tbo dmnn- 

(4i^i-[itii) n. [O. onU.] 

idiom ;— ftnUiinllj of KjU or m. 
. , (fak-in'Jftl) ■. Ad ftn^l of Ui. 
hixliHt ontDT, [rnatropMiUo. 

AnhUihip, (*Rh-liidi'Bpl n. A ctaitf bt^hop : ■ 
AnbWdinrig, (ireb-bkCi'np-nkJ n. llwjuiu- 
dioUoD of ftja ftRhblBhop. 

ArohdHHO, (tnii-dt'kiiW- AD ■aoltdHtlcKl dig- 
oilmrj boxt in rmnk boiov ft bilbop. 
Anhdoob', (Uiti-doch's) ■- Tb* tarrilocj ol 
Jnriidiatiba of vi BulbdDjlo. 

of tbo EaperoT of Anitrlft. 
Ainhar. j^'cr) h. Oh who iboota with ft 

Anbsy, (ftnh'tr-e) n. Ajtofihootingwltti bbw 

AnlwtTTftl, (UVe-tlp^) a. CoiuUtaUiig. .at 
pntainlng tOn ft tood*! : srfflnftL 
.^^l^t*! <*H"ft.Up) n fo. .rcM ftud (i.p«l 





The orfgiiial patlem o^ model from which a 

thing ie made. [to an arohbiihppL 

Azehiepisoopal, (Ar-k»«-piSlE5-pal) a. Belonging 

Axohimedeaa, (ir-ke-mS-dran) a. Pertaining to 

Arebimedae. Archim^' 

de^ tertw, an inftru- 

ment for raising water, 

formed by winding ac 

flexible tube round a 

qrlinder in the form of 

Archipelago, (Ar-ke-pel'- 

a-go) n. [Q. arehi and 

pd,i^fOit eea.] A body Axehimedeil' Sorev. 

of water intenperwd with islea 
Azehiteet, (Arlu-tekt) n. [O. arehi and tdd6n.} 

One who plane and superintends the oonstruo- 

tion of a building. (taining to, axcfaiteotnre. 
Arohiteetoial, (4r-ke-tek'tur*al) a. Of , or per- 
Arohiteetore, (ir-ke-tek'tur) n. The art or 

adenoe of building;— frame or atmotnzo ; work> 

Arehatrave, (Ar%e-trftT) n. [G. ordbt, L. trabt.] 

The lower diTision of an entablature, which 

rests on the column;— the moulding abore a door 

or window. 
ArehiTes, (4r1dTE) n. pU [0. arehi.] Place in 

which public reoovda are kept :— pubUo papers. 
Archly, (Archie) adv. With sly humour: 

shrewdly. [nesa; cunnioff. 

Ardluieaa, (4rch'nes) n. Sly humour: shnwd- 
Archway, (iroh'wa) n. A paaaage under an arah. 
Aretifl, (4rk'tik) a. [G. arktot.] Pertaining 

to the constellation called the JBeor; northern. 
Ardeaoy, (Ar^den^ee) n. Ardour: eagerness: seal 
Ardent, (Ar'dent) a. [L. ardere.} Hot or burn- 
ing :— passionate ; affectionate. 
Ardeatqr, (ar'dent-le) adv. With ardour. 
Ardour, (Ar'dcr) n. [L.] Heat, in a literal 

sense :—wanntii of passiioin or affection; eagar- 

Arduooa, (Ac'dfl-ns) a. [L. arduut.] Hifl^ or 

lofty :— attended with great labour : difficult. 
Arduonaaeaa, (4r'da-ua-nea) n. Great difficulty : 

Are, (ir). [Probablj from 8w. vara^ to be.] Pre- 

aent indie. pL of the subetantiye verb. 
Area, (ft^rfra.) n. [L.] Any plane surfsoe, as the 

floor of a room : — ^the site on which a building 

Btands; a sunken space around a building; — 

superficial contents. [act of drying; dryneaa 
AxefaotieB, (ar-^fiU:'shun)n. [I& artfaeert.] The 
Arena, (a-re'na) n. [L.] The area in whioh 

gladiatoia fimght;— any place of public oonteat 

or exertion. 

Arenaoeoua, (&r-<-na'ahe-ns) a. [L. arena.} Hav- 
ing the properties of sand: friable. 
Areopagite, (ar-9-op'a-git) n. A member of the 

Areopagus, (ar-C-op'a-gns) n. [0.] A tribunal 

at Athens, heUL on a hill namisd Axes, or 

MaxB' hill, where Paul preached. 
Ai^and Lamp, (ir'gana-lamp) n. 

Tented by Aiind Argandf in 

whioh a hoUow wick is sur- 
rounded by a glass chimney. 

thus producing a strong ami 

clear bght 
Aiyent, (ir'Jent) a. [K or- 

gerUum.] Silvery; bright like 

Argentine, (ir'Jent-in) n. A 

Tanety of carbonato of lime, Aisaad Lamp. 

having a silvery-whito lustre ;— white metal 

coated with silver. 

Argil, (Ar'JU) n. (G.I Clay or pottex'a earth. 
AzfiUaoeoaa, (&r-JU-la''ahe-UB) a. Partaking of 

the propertiea of clay. 
AzgiTe, (&<iiv) a. Pertaining to Axgoa in Greeoe» 

or to the Greeka generally. 
Argonaut, (Az'gd-nawt) n. [G. Arg<f and nauOs.'l 

One who aaiied with Jaaon, in the Azgo, in queat 

of the golden fleece. 

Azgoajt (4r'go^) n. A large ship, a galleon. 
Argue, (Ar'gCi) v. i [L. arguere.] To zeasun ; — 

to contend in argument; to disputo;—- v. f. To 

diaeuas ;— to prove or evinoa 
Argner, (ii'gfi-fir) n, A disputer; reasoner. 
Argument, (ir'gn-ment) n. [L. argumaUum.] A 

proof or means of proving ; a reason ;— prooee* 

of reasoning ;— the 8ul:geet of a discourse. 
Azfumentation, (Ar-ga-ment4L'shun) n. PAwen 

or act of reasoning. 
Argumentatxve, (tf -gn-menfa*tiv) a. Containixif^ 

azgument ;— addicted to aignmeni. 
Argua, (Ai'gua) n. A iiiibnlons being said to 

have a hundred eyes; a watchAU, rigihuit 


Azia, ja're-a) n. [It] Aaongortuneu 
Aziaaiam, ^ft're-an-izm) n. The doctrines of tK*^ 

Axians:--denial of the divinity of Christ 
Arid, (ar'id) a. [L. arert.] vrj; parched up 

with heat [diyneai. 

Aridneaa, (arld-nea) «. Abaenoe of moisturv; 
Ariea, (a're-es) n. The itam, a constellation of 

flxed stars, ih.9 first of the 

twelve signs in the Zodiac; 

— ^the battering ram. 
Arisht, (a-ritO adv. In due 

order; rightly; without 

Ariaa, (a-zisO v.i. [A.-S. 

ariMttn.] To get up to a 

higher position; tomount; 

—to oome into being, or notice;— to proceed; 

Ariatoeraey, (ar-is-tok'za-Be) n. [G. arwtoa, and. 

tratein.^ A government in which the power 

is vested in a privileged order;— the nobility cft> 

ohief pezsons in a state. 
Aristocrat (ar1s-to*kzat) n. One who fiivonxB 

axistooncy ;— a proud or haugjity penon. 
AziatetaliaB, (sr-is-to-tAlVan) n. A follower of 

Aristotle, the Peripatetic 
ArithmetiOjjra'rith'met-ik) «k [G. earithmot, and 

teehne.] The edence of numbers; the art of 

computation by figuzea 
Arit hm et i eal, (a*rith'met-ik'al) a, Aooording to 

Arithmetioian, (a-rith-me-tish'e-an) n. One 

skilled in arithmetia 
Ark, (Ark) n. [A.-8. erk] A small dose ohest 

which contained the tables of the covenant 

amonff the Jews;— the veawl in which Noah. 

and his Cunily were preserved. 
Arm, (4rm) n. [A.-e. arm, eann.] The limb 

which extends from the shoulder to the hand ; 

_the branch of a tree ;— the end of a yard; — 

part of an anchor:— an inlet of the sea: — « 

Dzanch of the militazy service ;— an instnuneikt 

of warfkre. 
Azm, (Azm) v. t To equip with weapons ; — ^to 

frirnish strength or efflioien(7^— «.i To be pro- 
vided with weapons, or means ; to take arms. 
Armada, (4r>mft'da) n. [8p.] A fleet of armed. 

ships; ^p$e\ft€aUf, the Spanish fleet, ^.ix 16S8. 



(Sp. dim. of anNodo, 

or oKwai tsKom eonipped tm war. 

^rM'cbiri «. A diair with anus to 

igaa^ of tlw ooan.ti7. Dbcdd. 

ATwftil, ^inB'fiAl} a. A» mach as tba aimt caa 
(aamlkU) «. Tho cavity nndar tlM 
;— « hoio ior tbe ann in a gsmitfak 

n, VU} Ono eatttiad to 

Irminary, <anBi^[^g>)g. [L. armiUa, Ixaoeloi] 



(ifvaiixiVan) «. 
▲ foilom «# Anniiuiu^ 
~ the doctnnea 

Jinafllaxy iphen^ 
[of the Anniniana 
{Aar'iain'o<«&>iflm) ». Tho tenets 
(faMnipC&^taot) a. (K arma and 
IVweiftd ia aims: mighty in battle. 
Cte«nl»-tia) fi. [L. arma and <tare.] 
of anD«;atraceL 
AzmLat^ (inttleCr) «. A onaU ann, aa of the eea ; 
— aki^of bBaoalet 
AxDMor, (inn'cr) «. [O. 
£b$. iiMfg .] DcAoaiTc 
araaa for the bo^y:— «hc 
•ceel or mm eorezinc of 
dvipe of war. Jtnalet. 

i I laem ai , <ta/sr-cr) n. A maker of axma. 
Aaaaiisl, f^-mVx^id) a. Belonging to annonr, 
or to flu eacatefaaoa of a ikmily. 

J, (ikraa'cT'*) t. A plaoe whera instra- 
of war are Tnanofactored or dopoaitad. 
Ifaarpit) n. The hoUow nndar the 

i«.pL CUarma.} Inatromania for 
ggjtting; the analgna annorial of a liunily. 
IfiliMg Oaai, (jcnn'atrang-gan) n. A breeob- 
^l^a^l^^^^;, wioo^t-ixoa. 


fem ita inventor. 
kimj, te^M) n. A 
body fif man aimed for 


.)«. (&.] Axnatrang Gon. 
qmUity in iribata or other mb- 

^'6-mailk) o. FbriainJsg to^ or 
*— '**H*iTg, aroma; flagrant; tj^. 
Aiwaatia, (ar-6'matlk) n. A plant, or drag 
baTiog a fragrant emell, and pungent taste. 
Aaiamliaa, <^r(/m*-tiz) ir.t To impregnate 

Aiamid, (a-nmndO prtp. On all ajdaa of; aboai; 

—from ono part to another o£ [aida. 

Around, (a-ronnd') adv. In a dnde: on efvtf 
Aranae, (a-nnu') v. (. To awaken aoddenljr. 
Arraek, (ir'ak) n. [A omgf.J A apirit obtained 

in the Eaat Indiaa from rice or ooooa-nat, Ac 
Arraign, (a-r&n') v.L [JL ad and rtUio.} To 

let a prisoner at the bw; — ^to call in qoaatlon, 

Airaifrnmimt, (a-rSn'moit) n. The act of ar- 
raigning ; aocnaation ; a calling in queation. 
Arnuga, (a-rftoJO v.t. [F. ad and raM<r.] 

To putk or dispoie. In proper order;— to aouort 

AzraagamflDt, (a-rS^fment) n. Act of patting 

in order: the atate of being arranged ;— regular 

elaaaiflcation :— adjustment ; — adiq;»tatlon. 
Azrant, (ar'ant) a. [From Eng. tmmt, wan- 
dering.] Very bad; notoiiona. 
Airaatij, (ar'ant-le) adv, Tnfamonaly; diagraoa> 

ftaUy; impudenllF. 
AiTaa,(ar'as)7k Taneatiy, made flcst at Anaa in 

theFxanch Netheuanda 
Array, (a-rftQ n. \F. arroL} Order; dinoai- 

tionin regular linea; a posture ior fighting; 

— orderly collection;— raiment 
Anav, (a-rftO v. t To phtoa in order, aa troopa 

for battle ; — ^to adorn with dresa 
Azxaara, (a-rdrO n. pL [F. arriert.] That 

which ia behind in payment, or remaioa 

luipaid, though dne. 
Axreat, (a-rastO v.t. [L. od and restore.} To 

check or hinder;— to take hj authority of law; 

— to seise on and fix. 
Axxaat, (a-rest') n. The taking of a person by law; 

— «ta^ of Judgment after verdict ;— any seiaure, 

phynoal or moraL 
Arrival, (a-riv'al) n. Act of reaching a place bj 

water or land ;— attainment of an ooject by 

effort or study ;— the penon or thing arriving. 
Arrive, (a-rivO v.i [L. ad and ripa.) Lit, to 

oome to the shore ; to come in pragrees by water, 

or by land;— to gain an object. 
Arrogaaoe, (ar'&ians) n. [L. ad and roffore.} 

Undue aaaumptlon of importance. 
Arrogant, (ax'Q-gant) a. Aaaumiog undue impor- 
tance or assumption. [proudly. 
Arrogantly, (ar'5-gani-le) adv. Haughtay; veiy 
AzTCfata, (ax'O-git) «. t To claim unduly; to 

as sum ei insolent pretenaiona. 

AnogatioB, (ar^V-^'shun) n^ The act of makiug 
Ammdiaameat, (ar-rong\lia-moD«^ n. [F.J A 

drcnit or division of country in France. 
Aoow, (ai^o) fi. [O. Eng. arwc] A pointed 

weapon to be shot from a bow. 
Anow-headed, (af d-hed-ed) a. Shaped like the 

head of an arrow. Arrov-headed eharacten^ 

strokes resembling arrow-heads or wedges, and 

abounding among the mine of Nineveh and 

Arrowroot, (ar'A-rMt) n. A tropical plant;-4he 

nutritions starch wnich it yields. 
Arrow]^ (ai'O-e) a. Condsting of anowa;— 

formed like an arrow. 
AraenaL (Ar'aA-nal) n. [A ddrnnaA.] A publlo 

eatablialunent for the maanfrctnza and storage 

of arms for land or naval service. 
Aneaio, (Ai'sen-ik) a. [O. arsnii^oikj A metal 

of a steel gray colour ; — a virulent poison. 
Arsenical, (&r-een'ik-al) a. Belonging to, com- 

poeed of, or containing, azsenie. 
i&aon, (&r'san)n. [L. ardcrv.] XalioUms burn- 
ing qH bnildingB, ships, te. 



Art, (4rt). [Sw. vara.] Second penon, indic 

mood, prM. tenae, of the verb to be. 
Art, (art) A. (L. ars,Q. arein.] Employment of 

knowledge, power, rules, or lawi, to practical 

purposes; — cunning; artifice. 
Arterial, (&r-te're-al} a. Pertaining to an artery. 
Arterialize, (&r-te^n-aX'iz) v.t. To communicate 

the (jualities of arterial blood to the Bystem. 
Arteriotomy, (4r-te-re-ot'o-me) n. [O. artiria and 

tmng.] The opening of an artery to let blood ; 

that part of anatomy which treats of the arteries. 
Artery, (Ar't^r-e) n. [G. airein.] One of the 

Teasels which convey the blood from the heart; 

— a oontinuoua ramified chaxmeL 
Artesian, (ar-te'ze au) a. [P. Artois.] Artesian 

veUi, weUs made by boring till the water from 

internal pressure flows up. 
ArtftU, (4rffMl) a. Made with art or skill;— 

practising stratagem. 

Artfully, (Art'fMMe) adv. With art ; ennningly. 
Artfiilneaa, (art'f601-nes) n. Art ; dexterity. 
Artidioke, (Ar'te-chfik)!!. [X. ardt ichauti.) An 

esculent plant somewhat reeembling a tUstle. 
Article, (irte-kl) n. [L. artvi^ a Joint] A sub- 
stance or commodity ; — a writing, or portion of 

a writing;— « clause in a contract ;— a concise 

statement ;— one of the words, a, an, (Ae, used 

before nouns. 

Artiole, (ar'te-kl) v. t To set forth in particu- 
lars ;— to bind by covenant; — v. i. To agree by 

articles: to stipulate. fjoints. 

Artioular, (&r-tik'a-lcr) a. Of or belonging to 
Articulate, (4r-tik'a-lat) a. Formed with joints; 

^-distinctly uttered ; clear. 
Articulate, (&r-tik'fl-lAt) t-. (. Ih. artiailare.] To 

Joint; to unite by means of a Joint;— v. i. To 

utter articulate sounds ; to enunciate. 
Artienlafeely, (&r-tik'Q-lat-le) adv. Distinctly; 

ArtioulatioB, (^r-tik-fi-lU'shun) n. Junction of 

the bones of a skeleton, or parts of a plant ; — 

utterance of language. 
Artifice, (irt'e-fls) n. [L. arSf Kndfactrt,] Artftxl 

contrivance : device. In a bad sense, trick or 

fraud. [man ;— one who constructs. 

Artifioer. (Ar-tif'e-scr) n. A skilftil work- 
Artifleiai, (ftrt-e-fishVal) a. Made by art;— 

feigned; fictitious. 
ArtifieiaUty, (ftrt-e-fish-e-alVte) n. The quality 

of being artificial [naturally. 

Artificially, (.irt-e-fishVal-le) adv. By art ; not 
Artillery, (ir-tU'{r-e) n. [P. artiUerit.] Offensive 

weapons of war ; — the science of gunnery. 
Artilleryittan, (ir-til'cr-e-man) n. One who 

manages a laijge gun;— one of a regiment of 

Artiaan, (art'e-zan) n. A person skilled in any 

mechanical art; a handicraftsman. 
Artist, (drt'ist) n. One who xAxifossea and 

practises one of the liberal or fine arts. 
Artiatio, (&r-tisf ik) a. Pertaining to, or made 

in the manner of an artist 
Artless, (Arties) a. Free from art, craft, or 8tra> 

tagem; simple; undesigned. 
Artieaaly, (4rt'les-le) adv. Without art; natu- 
rally : — without guila [artless. 
Artl es sn e aa, (Aitles-nes) tl The quality of being 
Art-union, (&rt-an'yun) n. An association for 

enoounging artists by the purchaae of their 

Aruspiey, (a-roa'pe-se) n. Prognostication by in- 

q>oction OT the entrails of beasts. 
Aa, (ai) adv. [A.-S. oh.] Like; aimjlar to; for 

example; — of the sane kind with; in tiM 
manner in which; — ^while; duxing;— in the 
nature or condition o£ 

Aa, (az) n. A Roman weight of 12 ot: 

Aabeatoa, (a»-bes'toa)n. [O. apriv. and46«niiumt.] 
A minenl of a white-grey colour; a fibrous 
variety of hornblende and pvrozene. 

Ascend, (as-send') v. t. [L. aa and wan<kre.] To 
move upward ; to mount ; — to rise, in a figura- 
tive sense; — v. ^ To move upward upon; to 

Ascendant, (aa-send'ant) a. Above the horizon ; 
— ^predominant; surpassing. 

Ascendant, (ss-send'ant) n. Buiwriority or com- 
manding influence; — the horoscope. 

Aaoendeney, (as-send'en-se) n. Baperior or oon' 
trolling influence. 

Aacenaion, (as-«en'shun) n. The act of rising: 
ipeeitlcaUp, the visible going up of our Saviour 
to heaven. 

Aacenaioa-day, (as-sen'shun-di) «. The day on 
which our Saviour's ascension is oommemoFated. 

Aaoeat, (as<eent9 n. The act of rising upward ; 
— the way by which one ascends;— an emi- 

Ascertain, (as-s^r-tftn') v.t. [L. ad and eertvm.} 
To make certain ; to establish ; — to find out by 
examination or experiment 

Ascertainable, (as-ser>tftn'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being asoartained. 

AsoertainiBent, (as-eer-taa'ment) n. A making 
or gaining certainty. 

Ascetic, (as-aetlk) n. One who pnctiMi rigoor 
or self-denial in religious thlnga. 

Asoetio, (as-set'ik) a. [Q. aakein.) Unduly 
rigid or self-denying in religious tilings. 

Asoetioiam, (as-set'e-sizm) n. The praetioe of 
ascetics. [ascribed. 

Aaeribable, (as-kribVbl) a. Capable of being 

Ascribe, (as-krlbO v. t. [L. ad teribere.} To at- 
tribute to : to impute ; to asrign. 

Aaeriptioa, (as-krip'shun) n. The act of ascribing; 
— ^the thing ascribed. [trees. 

Ash, (ash) n. [A.-S. tete.] A genus of foreert 

Aahanted, (a-shamd') a. AiTected by shame; 
confused by guilt, or oonsciousnees of wrong. 

Ashen, (aah'en) a. Made of ahh-wood;— of the 
colour of ashes ; ashy. 

Aahety, (aah'er*e) n. A place for puttlngashes. 

Ashes, (ash'ez) it. »{. [A.-S. asca.] The par- 
ticles remaining after oombustion ;— the remoirM 
of a dead body. 

Ashlar, (ashlar) n. Free-etones as they ocnne 
fhnn the qnany ;— hewn stones for fiicing. 

Ashore, (a-shorO adv. On or to ahore; on land. 

Aah-Weuneaday, (ash-weiufdA) n. The fliBt day 
of Lent 

AahT, (ash'e) a. Ash-coloQj«d ; like ashes. 

Aside, (a-sia') adv. On or to one side; out of 
the way ; apart 

Asinine (as^nin) o. [h. atinut.] Beloo^g 
to, or having the qualities of, an asa. 

Aak, (ask) v. t. [O. £n^. atehe.] To seek to 
obtain by words ; to petition l^-v. i. To request ) 
— to inquire. 

Aakance, (a-skansO adv. [D. srAuin.] ON 
liquely ; toward one corner of the ey& 

Aakew, (arekfiOodv. Sideways; askant; with * 
wry ora contemptuous look. 

Aslant, (a-slanf) adv. In a slanting sumser; 

Asleep, (ardep^ adv. In a state of sleep ;— dead. 

Aslope, (a-alftp*) adv. With a slope or dwoent* 




(•q>) «> [O. tttpis.) A imall poko&oas 
at Egjpt and libgfB, 

. _ (f-v;^Brfpu) n. A 
colinaiT cudca plantw 
J Mp u et , ImMlX) «. fL. <u2 and 
#pM(vc.J Xook of the £u»; 

; — position 
tnstion. f 

(aj^pen) «. [A-S. cespe.] 
A BpaciflB at poplar with tr«m- 

LqpcB, (aa'pcn) a. Pertaining to the aspen. 
Lspasulaa, (ae-pcr-Jilliu) n. The brash lued 
to sprinkle "half water on the congregation. 
iMpmdiw, (ae-p(r'e-te) %. [h. oiper.] Boogb- 
aeai of eai^hee, taste, or eonnd;— hatahnees of 
apait and laof^iage. 

Isymii. (aa-pcnf) v.t {L, ad tvarffen,'} To he- 
^Atter with fool veports:— to slander; TiUfy. 
(aa-psr^ahnn) a A sprinUingi—tbe 


Spreading of oiaxges: calomny. 

(aa-fidtO a. [O.] Jew's pitch, or oom- 
naftiTs bitumen. (taining, asphalt. 

(aa-Mtlk) a. Pertaining to, or oon- 
(■s'ld-dal) n. [Bkr. sphuL] A peran- 
um plattt^ aa king's spear, tc 

(a»-fiksVa) %, [Q. a pilr. and 

Appaz«nt death, or saspended ani- 

fdesiToas of rising. 

(aapir'ant) a. A8j)iiing; ardently 

(aa-pii'ant) *. One who aspires or 




(as[pa-rit} r. C [L. od and spirare, to 
To proooonoe with a AUl emiiwion of 

(tt^pa-iftt) «» A mark of aspiration (*) 
in Qraak ;—«soand produced bj the breatn 

[rou^ breathing. 
(a^^zlt) a. Pronounced with a 
„ , (sa-pe-ryshun) a. The pronuncia- 
tion of a letter with a full breath ;— act of 
ardeBtlj ifcrtring [breathing. 

AapiftMj, (aa-^i'a-tor-e) n. Pertaining to 
Ai^ira, (a^^pbO v. i. To desire with eagemeas; 
to paoil; — to ascend. [eamestlj. 

• 'iB'pir'er) a. One who aspires or seeks 

f, (as-pixlng-le) adv. In an aspiring 

[eye; obliquehr. 

Asq^uat* Ca-dcwintO cde. To the oomer of the 
Am, (amy n, [A. -8. ossa, L. annus.] A quadm- 
pei of the hotwo iSunily, patient, and slow bat 
tvre>i9oted ;— « stupid fellow. 
AsBBjO, faa-air) v. C [L. od talire*\ To fiJl on 
raddiBly, and with Tiolanoe;~to |4y with axga> 
iZi«!itB, motXTea, 4c 

■■BsilaWa, (as^ira-bl) <u Capable of being 

(aa-sZI'ant) n. One who attacks or 
(aa-sas'sin) %. [A *Kcuhi*kin.] One 
or attempts to kill by secret assault. 

(aa-eardn-ilt) «. t To murder by 
uilt or by sudden Tiolenoe. 

(as-aaaain-a'shun) n. The aet of 


. (afraawlO «. A Tiolent attack with 
Mows, weapons, ce. :-hui attack with arguments, 
mpp^^^ and the like. 

laanll; ju s a w It) v. t, [F. a«sauZ<er.] To attack 
with phyidcal Tkilaaoe or moral meana 
htmnmr, (aa-aawlf (r) n. One who assauUs or 

U ifu^0 1<> [!«• <* o^f^} Detanniattion 

of the quantity of a metal in an ore, or metaUio 
compound ; — a trial of weights and measures. 

Assay, (asHd') v. t To subject an ore or alloy to 
eheminl ezaminatlyn ; — v. i. To attempt. 

Asiayer, (as-sa'c^^ n. One who tries metals. 

Aaaajiag, (as-sa'ing) fu The chemical operation 
of deterznining the quantity of any metal in an 
ore or mixture. 

Aaaemblaga, (as-eem'bliVf) n. State of being as- 
sembled ;— a collection of individualaor things. 

Assemble, (as-sem'bl) v.t. [U ad nmuL] To 
bring or coil together; — v.u To meet or come 
togeUier; to oouYene. 

Assembly, (as-sem'ble) n. A company collected 
in one place, and usually for some common 
purpoaa [agreeing to anything. 

Assent, (sa-sentO n. The act of admitting, or 

Aasent, (ss-senf) V. t. [L. ad tmtire.) To admit 
as true; to expreai agreement or concession. 

Aasentatioa, (as-sent-a'shun) n. Assent by way 
of flattery or dissimulation. 

Aaaert, (ss-strtO v.U fXt-od and aerere.] To 
af&rm positively ;— to maintain by woids or 
measures; to Tindicate a claim. 

Aasertian, (as-ser'shun) n. The act of asserting; 
affirmation ; — vindication. 

Aasesa, (as-sesO v.t. [L. oMidere.] To charge 
a certain sum as a tax ;— to fix the raluo of 
property or income, fior the purpose of being 
taxed;— to estimate. [or taxed. 

Assessable, (ss-ses'a-bl) a. Liable to be aosessed 

Assessment, (as-ses'ment) n. Act of assessing; 
— Taluation for the purpose of taxation; — ^the 
sum charged ; fixing damages by a jury. 

Ass es sor, (ss-ses'er) n. One who sits by another, 
as an adviser ;— one appointed to assess. 

Assessorial, (as-ses-sorre-al) a. Pertaining to 

Assets, (as-aetO »> P^ (L. ad aatis.] Property 

in posMssion or due, ss opposed to liabilities ; 

the effects of an insolvent. 
Assererate, (asHMv'er-at) v.t [L. ad teveru^) 

To afi!rm with solemnity ; to aver. 
Asseveration, (as-sev-cr-a'ahun) n. Positive 

affirmation ; solemn averment 
Asaiduity, (aa-se-dii'e-te) n, Gose application 

or attention. 
Assiduous, (afr«d'a-us) a. [L. od and udire.] 

Clonstant in application or attention. 
Assiduously, (as-sid'fi-us-le) adv. Diligently; 

closely; attentively. 
Assign, (as-unO v.t [L. ad tiffnum.] To appoint; 

to apportion ;— to make over to another; — to 

Test, for the benefit of crediton. 
4asigB. (as-sinO a. A penon to whom property 

or an interest is transferred. [assigned. 

Assigaabls, (ss-sin'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
Assignation, (as-sig-n&'shun) a. Act of allotting ; 

— an appointment of time and place. 
Aaaignee, (as-ain-^ a. One to whom something 

is assigned. 

Assigner, (as-sTc'sr) n. One who assigns. 
Assignment, (as*sin'ment} n. An allotting to a 

particular person or uae ; — a tronsfiar of title or 

mterest;-Hthe writing by which property is 

Assimilate, (aailmUftt) v. t [L. ad, timilU] 

To cause to resemble; — ^to oonrert into a like 

substance ;—v. u To become similar ; to be con* 

verted into the substance of the body. 
Aasimilatien, (a»-sim-il-a'shun) n. Act of assimi- 
lating;— a state of TCsemblanoe^-oonTezHion 

of nutriment into the body. 



Attiat, (aA-flutO v. t [h. ad titterf.] To give 
support to ;— to saooour ; — v. i. To lend aid ;— 
to attend 

Aaaiatanoe, (aandat^ana) n. Help ; aid ; raUel 

Aaaiatant, (aa-eiBt'ant) a. Helping: lending 
aid or rapport. [aidi ; an auxiliary. 

Aairiatant, (aa-dsfant) n. One who aasistB or 

Aaalae, (aa-aizO n. [luod tedire. ] Lit. , a sitting ; 
— the periodical aeasion of the superior oonrta in 
Bngland ;— time or plaoe of holding the court 

Aaaize, (aa-aisO v. t. To fix the weight, measure, 
or price of; by authority. 

Anooiahle, (aa-ao'ahe-a-bl) a. Capable of being 
joined .'—companionable. 

Aasooiate, (aa-«o'8he-&t) v.t [L. adandsoctvA] 
To Join as a friend or confederate ;— to unite 
in the aame mass ;— «. i. To unite in company ; 
to keep company. 

Aaaooiate, (aa-so'she-At) a. Connected with, aa 
in interest, purpose, or oflSoe ;— connected by 
habit or sympathy. 

Aasociate, fas-so'she^t) n. ▲ companion;— « 
partner ia interest, or in budness. 

Aiuociation, (as-sd-ahe-&'shun) n. Ad of asso- 
ciating, or state of being aaaociated: connection; 
—union of persons for some partioular purpose. 

Aaaoii, (as-soil') v. (. [L. ab$olvo.} To release or 
set free. B<x>t, cusoiteic. 

Aasonanoe, (as'sd-nans) n. Resemblance of 
sounds ; — a kind of imperfect rhyme. 

Aasonant, (aa'sd-nant) a, [h. ad and wiutre.} 
Having a resemblance of sounds. 

Assort, (as-sortOv.C [L. od and sors.] To sepa- 
rate and distribute into classes ;— to ftimish with 
all sorts. 

Aaaortment, (as-eort'ment) n. Act of selecting 
and arranging ;— a nnmur of things adapted to 
various wants or purposes. 

Aaauafe, (aMw^O v. t. [L. ad and mavis.] To 
Boften : to allay, as pain or grief; to appease, as 
passion or tumult. [mitigation. 

Aaauagement, (as-swlj'ment) n. Abatement; 

Asauauve,(as-swft'Biv)a. Mitigating; softening. 

Aasnwie, (sa-sflm') v.t. [L. ad suniere.} To take, 
or take upon one's self; — to take for granted, or 
without iaoof:^to suppose;— «.i. lx> be arro- 
gant ; to claim unduly. 

Aaaumptionf raa-eum'shun) n. Act of taking to 
or upon one s self ;— act of taking forgianted ; — 
the taking up into heaven ; — a festivarin honour 
of the Virgin. 

Aasuranoe, (a8h««hMi<aoB) n. Act of assuring ; 
— ^the state of being assured; fiieedom from 
doubt;— firmness of mind; — ^boldness; — a con- 
tract for tiie payment of a sum on a person's 
death; — ^legal evidence of the conveyance of 

iLunre,(aah-ahMiOv*t \li-od$eeuru9.] To make 
sure or certain; to render confident; — to con- 
firm ; — to covenant to indemni^r for Ices. 

Aasuedly, (airii-ah66r'ed-le) adv. Certainly; 
without doubt [being assured ; certainty. 

Aaaurednesa, (aah-ehdOr'ed-nes) n. State of 

Assurer, (ash-shddr'fir) n. One who asrarea 

Aster, (asPter) n. [G. attir, star.] A plant with 
radiated compound fioweiB ; star-wort 

Asteriak, (as'tfir-iak) n. [Q. oitlr.} The maik 
[*] in printing and writing. 

Astern, (astern') adv. In, at, or toward the 
hinder part of a ship ;— behind it, at a distanoei 

Aateroid, (aa't^r-oid) n. [Q. atUhr, eidM.] One 
of the email planets. 

Afthma, (ast'ma) m. [Q; atin.] A diaoxder of 

respiration^ attended with cough and dilDcul^ 

of breathing. 

Aatir, (a-aUrO a. Stirring: active; lively. 
Astonidi (aa-ton'ish) v.t, [O. Eng. astone.} 

To strike with sudden wonder ; to amaxe. 
Aatoniahing, (aa-ton'ish-ing) <l Amaring ; mar- 

Aateniahment, (as-tonlsh-ment) n. Gcnftudon of 

mind from fear or surprise : amassment 
Astound, fao-tound') v. L [0. Eng.] To atriko 

dumb with amasement 
Astraddle^ (arstrad'dl) adv. With the legs aoioaa 

a thing, or on diflSsrsnt sides of it 
Astral, (as'tral) a. Belonging to the stars* starry. 
Astray, (a-strftO adv. Out of, or from the right 

way; wrong. 
Astnotioin, (as-trik'shun) n. The act et binding ; 

the stomiing of a flow of blood ;— constipation. 
Aatxide, (a-etrid') adv. With one 1^ on each aida; 

with the legs apart 
Astringe, (aa-trxiv}0 v.t [L. ad and ffnityere.] 

To bind fikit; to oonatriot; to conteaot 
Aatringeaoy, (aB-trii\J'en-M) n. Quality of being 


Astringent, (as-trii^'ent) a. Binding: strength- 
ening—opposed to laxative. 
Astrinigsnt, (aa-lrii^'ent) a. A medidne WHuring' 

contiaotion in the organic texturea. 
Asfrolabe, (aa'trfr-Ub) n. [Q. aitron, lamteiMan.] 

An instrument fisr taking 

the altitude of the aon or 

stars at aea. 
Aatrologer, (aa-troFo-Jex) n, 

[G. attrout logoi.] One 

who pretends to foretell 

events by the aqwcta of 

the stars. 
Astrology, (as-troro-Je) n. 

The adenoe of predicting 

events by the stars, 
Astanmomer, (aa-tron'o-mexO Astrolabe. 

n. [G. attron, nomot.] One versed in astro- 
Astronoimy, (aa-tnm'o-me) ik Tbia science of 

the heavenly bodies. 
Astute, (aa-tiit) a. [L. cufiM.] Critically 

discerning; subtle; crafty. 
Astatenes^(as-tfifnes)n. Shrewdness ; cunning; 
Asunder, (arsun'dfir) adv. Apart; separately: 

into two parte. 
Asylum, (a-«lum) n. [G. a priv. and suUL] A 

plaoe of refhge, where criminals and debtors 

found ahelter;— any place of retreat;— an insti- 
tution for the unfortunate. 
Amunetiy, fa-sim'me-tre) n. [G. iummetria.^ 

The want ox proportion between the parts of 

a thing. 
At, (at) prep. [A. -8. at, L. ad.] Primarily, this 

word expresses the relations of preamee. neanusB 

in place or timet ^ dirtetion toward. It denotes 

the relation of outward sitoaidon or drcuxa- 

Btance;— ofoonditionf action, degree, oooasiaa, 

or efRsot 
Athanasian, (ath-a-nS'se-an) a. Pertaining to 

Athanasius, exponent of the dootxine of Uio 

Trinity, and the supposed author of the cretd. 
Atheism, (tth9-ism) A. AdisbeUefinthebelnff 

Atheist, (a'the-iat) n. [G. a priv. ThtM.] O&o 

who denies the existence of a Supreme Bding. 
AthensBum, (ath-i-nS'um) ». [G.f A place where 

philosophers and poets dedaimed ;- 

tion of persons of literary or scienUflo tastes;— 


I • t-i"-*'"* wbB« ■ Utmy, ■lul nawiiKpan in 

I tthtt'". (k-thta'»u) 1. Parialning to Athau. 
' tOam, (HbptO >>■ Tbiii^:— biTliig ■ kegn 
da^nfer drink. 
Aaiifc (iUi-l«0 o- [0- <XUw] A oontaiidar 
la vTHttiiu IB othar lUDai. 
iaiH», ^t-U«t) n. Batomlngto vratUng 

IrtMil. (MbwrnnV) rrrp. ' Acna 1 Sram iKI* 

__ (»-*fiii'ioant) ' . 

— mtit^cOat or niantloc : ipH(j(caU)', 
aw mi»BflB of ilo bj Ui« obodionos «Dd ia«ar- 

AkBlfc(>-(oBlM*. i-wordttt.thnmma<tat. 
tim. te-tsn) wte. At or od ttu top ; abora. 

litt^&VBtb*tivaj)il.bDtiuitatt«L _ _ 
*tiini|J . (■-*■ 

V th :— «o Uka b^ t^d ■nthorlt; ;- 
to binl fa} moral iafliuixA 
'-'-■-1, (»tbMh'»-bl) a. 

Ona aMaflhed to the 

, <>t-ttai'a-bl) a 

AtUiBiar,((t-UB'dfr)iI. [f 
Mttm, which foUowi os ha 
act of attainting tai ' 

Capabla of bdfiff 

ent)ii. A«t ofaiTlTlng&tf 
vr oiHaumiB oj wMvt\ ;— that whkh la obtaiBfld. 

Att^t, <attiDlO 1. 1. To dbgnoa;— to am- 
nipt ;— to taint Uw cradlt of juora. 

Attaint, (at-tistO>. AipoE.arodiit^-awrit 
which U«a aflar jadcmsnt. 1o inqnira whatfaar 
a Inrr haa (itnn a Uv Tndlct. (attainted. 

Al&iBteant, (attlnfmact) n. Blata of bainj 

AUa»|W > (aVtam'pcr) r t. [L.a^aiid(tni>r}vrf.J 
To radnca bf mixtura ; — to moUiiy ;— to mil in 

Attempt, (it-tonio v. (TTl. ad aod tnCorr.] To 
makaao aflbrt; to make trial or mpailniant of; 

length;— •.(. 

AtWB«i«loa, (at-tan-a-yihiui) n. ActirfmaUDi 

AttanU, (aVtfT4t) v.t. [L <id and ttra.] ia 

wear away ; to poUlh b^ ttinlan. 
Attaat,(at-ta(t^t>.l. [L. odand lofii.] To liear 

vltDeii to;(oa0lnn; — to flTe proof of ; — to call 

Attaatattanl (al-tgat4'ihan) n. Tcatlmon;; 

Attla. (aftlkl a. [O. altttM.i Pertaining to 
Attica or Atbau ; i«ia ; alieaot : graoafoL 

Attia, (at'tik) ii> A alorj In the upper part of n 
hooae; thflj^arroL 

Altoa, {it-toO r. t [V. attirrr.: To dna; to 
adorn, capeeuilT with eplondid ^anaeDU, 

Attin, (A-tiO "■ Ciothea; -■■- — - 

(ifrt»tad'in-<i) r.i. To anama 

Attomvj, (at-tur'De)m. [L-adandtenuire.] Ooe 
kgally A|^>oint«d bj anothfr to trnnaact bnjdnnH 

bj whjcb a paraon autlunxea another to iiL-t 

AttanieT-ranaiat, (at.tu'DO-Jan'er^) ■. An 
oBlair of the (talo, empowendtoaotlnallcaHa 



Attoinafihip,: (ftt-tar'n»«hip) n. Oi&M of an 

Attxatt, (^tnktO v. 1 [I^ ad uid trdUnr, to 

draw.] Todiaw toward; to oaoM to adhere or 

oombine. [being attraotable. 

Attraetabiltty, (ai-tnkt-a-bUVte) n. QuaUtyof 
Attn«taU«, (at-tcakt'a-bl) o. Ch»Uo <tf l»uig 

Attraotioa, (at-tnk'dran) n. A power in natoxe 

acting between bodies or ultimate partiolei, 

tending to draw them together, or to prodnoe 

ooheeion ;— act of attracting:— power of allaring. 
AttraetiTO, (at-trakt'iv) a. HaTing the power of 

attracting; enticing. [of attracting. 

AttraetiWly, (at-tnJcViT-lB) adv. With the power 
Atti ae ti y en eee, (at-trakf ir-nee) n. The 4nality 

of being attzactiTO. (attziDnted. 

AttribotaUe, (at-tri Vo<ta-U) a. Cq^ble of being 
Attribate, (at-trib'ut) v.t. [L. ad and tributrc] 

To ooniider as belonging to ; to render aa dna ; 

to ascribe to, aa an effect to a cauflei 
Attribate, (attre-but) n. An inherent qnality; 

(diaracteziatio disnoaitlon ; rmnntinl or TMiremirT 

Attnbattoa, (at-tre-ba'sbnn) «. The act of attzi- 

bating: — the qnality attribnted. 
Attributivt, (at-trib'u-tiy) o. iUlating to aa 

attribate or quality. 
Attntien, (at-trieh'on) «. Act of waaring by 

friction:— «tate of being worn:— forced grief w 

penitence. [in tune :— to make aooordant. 

Attune, (at-tOnO v.t. [Ixvid and tomu.] To put 
Aubttm, (aw'bam) a. [H albumut.} Redniah 

Auction, (awk'ahon) n. [L. augire.} A pnblio 

aale of propertr to the hi^est bidder, by a 

peraon licensed for the purpose; a Tendae. 
Aootioneer, (awk-shun-fir) n. The jMiaoin who 

sells by aactioiL 
Attdaeioiia,(aw-dA'she-aa)a. [L. eiuto«] Bold; 

daring;— bold In wickedness ;— afflcontery <k 

contempt of law. [den^y. 

Andaei«aBl7,(aw-dJl'she-a>-le}a<iv. Boldly; impa- 
Audaoitj, (aw-das'e-te) n. Daring spirit; Ten- 

tureeomenesi :— contempt of law or moral 

restraint. [being heard ; load anough. 

Andihla, <awd'e-bl) a. [L. audire.] Capable of 
Audibly, (awdVhle) adv. In a manner to be 

heard. [ing ;— an assembly of heaven. 

Audieaoa, (awd'e-ens) n. Admittance to a hear- 
Audit, (awd'it) n. An esLamination of an 

aooount, with hearing of partiea, 1^ proper 

ofBoers; final account [accounts. 

Audit, (awd'it) v.t To examine and acUust 
Auditor, (awdlt^r) n. A hearer;—* pecKm 

authcxiaed to examine accounts. 
Auditory, (awd'it^r-e) a. Pertaining to the 

sense <n hearing. [ers ; an audienceL 

Auditory, (awd'it-€r«) «. An assembly of hear< 
Augar, (aVger) n. (A. -8. no^/'a, and ffar.} Acar- 

IMoter's tool to bore holes 

wiUi;— an instrument for 

boring or perforating soUa 

or rocJUL 
Aught, (awt) n. [A.-S. 

atiAC] Any thing: a Jot Auger. 

or tittle. 

Augment, (awg-menf) v. t. [L. augere.] To in- 
crease; to make bigger;— v. i. To grow larger. 
Augment, (awg'ment) n. Enlargement by addi- 
tion; a vyllable prefixed to a word. 
Augaentatioa, (awg-ment-a'shun) n. Act of 

augmenting;— tlve thing add«d* 

Angnr, (aw'ggr) n. pu avit; Cell pAr.] An 

officer who pietendea to foretell fiituxa events 

by birds; aaoothsayar. 
Angnr, (aVgir) v. i. To prognosticate by signs 

or omens ;— «. t To foreteU. 
Aogazal, (aw'gapral) a. Pertaining to angary. 
Angary, (aw'ga-re) n. Art of foretelling events 

by the actions of birds ;— an omen ; prediotion. 
Aoigaat, (aw-gustO a. [L. augertJ} Creating 

respect; imposing; mijestic. 
Auglnat, (aw'gust) n. [h. Auguttut.} The 

ai^th month of tiie vear. 

Angnatiu, (aw-gnsfan) a. Pertaining to Angna- 

tos or to his times. [royal court. 

Aulio, (awOik) a. [G. auli.] Pertsinlng to a 
Anat, (ant) n. [F. tanU, L. amita.] A lather's 

or mothers siiter. [gold. 

AaBatad,(aw^t-ed)a. (Uauratut.] Beeembling 
Aarecla, (aw're-51) n. [L. aureus.] The circle of 

laya, with which painters surround the head 

of Christ, saints, Ao. 
AnrialB, (aw're-kl) «. [L. aitm, ear.] The 

external ear ;— one of two moscular sacs situated 

at the base of the heart [roee ; bMt't ear. 

AnTicnIa, (aw-rik'd-U) «. A spades of prim- 
Anrioolar, (aw-rik'il-lcr) a. Pertaining to the 

ear ;— told in the ear. 

Aoriaalata, (aw-rik'ii-lAt) a. Shaped like an enr. 
Attrifsraiaa, (aw-iifer-us; a. [L. aurum, /erre,} 

Yielding or producing g^d. 
Anrifozm, (aw^rs-fium) tu tJL avrit, Jbrmeu} 

£ar^i^ea. [the ear. 

Aunat, (aw'rist) n. One skilled in distnders of 
Anrora, (aw-ro'xa) n. [L. aurea hora.] The 

goddeas of morning; the dawn of day. Aun/ra 

hcrea'lU, a meteoric phenomenon; nortAens 

lightt or atreamert. 
Aascaltatian, (awa-knl-ta'shon) n. Act of lia- 

tening:— « method of distinguishing disfaat^, 

particoJarly in the thorax, by a stethoscope. 
An^ioa, (aws'pis) n. [L. avis, and spicere.} Tlie 

omena of an undertaking, drawn froQ bixtitf ; 

auguiv; — ^protection; patronage. 
Anspiotona, (aw-^iish'as) a. Having omens of 

success :— prosperoua ;— propitious. 
Aaspioionafy, (aw-spish'us-Ie) adv. With ikvoor- 

able tokens; prosperously. 
AnanioiQiuanesa, (aw-spish'ps-nes) n. A state of 

gooa promise; prosperity. 
Aoatare, (aw-stef) a. [O. austSros.] Boat with 

astringency ;— severe in judging, liTiog, or 

acting: hanh. 

Anatarely, (aw-sterQe) adv. Severely ; sternly. 
Auaterity, (aw-ster^e-te) n. Severity of mauuexa 

or living; strictnees; roughness. 
Anatral,(aws'tnil)a. [h, auster.} Of or tending 

to the south : southern. 
Authentic, (aw-then'tik) a. [G. autheaHkos.} Of 

genuine origin ; reliable: genuiue. 
Authentically, (aw-then'tik-al-le) adv. With 

marira a| credibility. 
Anthantieata, (aw-then'te-kilt) v.t. To establish 

by proof ; to prove genuine. [authenticatiiig. 
AwthimticatieB, (aw-then-te-ka'shou) ». Act of 
Authenticity, (aw-thsn-tis'e-te) n. Quality of 

being authentic ; reliability : geuuinenoM. 
Aathar, (aw'ther) n. [L. aupere,] The begin- 
ner, or first mover : creator ;— one who composes 

a book; a writer in generaL 
Authoritative, (aw-thorlt-ftt-lv) a. Having 

authority ;— positive. 
Authoritativaiy, (aw-tho|:1t-&t-iv-le} adv, .Wit2x 

authority; ^oaitirely. 



> ^»4lMiVte) n. liBfiJ or xightftil 

^iiiflaeiioe of chAxactar, oiflke, 

Ul or vkonl taperiority ;-H)Acttl 

iniiikn, or aUtowwmt Ukeu aa a 

t; a book of auoh, or ita aatlMir;— jil. 

<a,v-tlior«-xa'ahiui) a. Eatab- 

^Mfthor-i^ V. t To dotba with 

«r lagal powvr;— 4o giva credit or 

L (baioc an aathor. 

Cicv4h$T'diip) ». Tfaa ctata of 

hk; (aw-4o-fatog'^e-fn) n. Onewlw 


/, (a.v-tA-bi-og'zBrfe) m [O. auto*, 
frMV, gr mp k n» J\ A mmaoir of a peaon written 

lataoinay, (aw-tok'xa-ae) a, ladependabt or adf- 

daiivad powar ; — nnlimitM aothoritif. 

iateemt, (awto-knt) n. [O. avto* and krutot,} 

Am afaaolnto aowraign : a title of tlia empenxm 

of Raaaa^ [A jpanoa'e own handwriting. 

, ^Bn^to-gnt} %. IQ. auiM, grapkfin.] 

% (aw-ioig')r»-fe) n. A piDOMa in litho- 

17 for tiiiirtaiipg writing. 

|pv-i&4nat'ik-al) & Pertaining 
to aa aBftonatan ; aalf-Aetuig. 
AafeBMliB, (aw-tomVton) «. fG. aifttoc and 
•aocMi.] A *pi*«"f moTod fay inTudble worka 
which imftatw tho actiooa of ntan or animals; 
aoy aalf-aoring machine^ 

r* (aw-ton'o-nie) n, [Q. mUoB, «omof.J 
x^l^t of aelf-govanunent. 
r, ^w'topaa) Mb (O. auto$ and 0pn$,} 
"•poat-mortam aTamina- 
[•aaaon of the year. 
(awtajB) «. [L. auoert.} The third 
(aw-tiun'iial) «. Of or belonging to 
(Heipittg; aidina; auhndiaxy. 
r, (awg-riiVar^e) a. [Lb auxUinauL} 
/, (awg-xif e-ar-e) «. A helper ;>-« Tarb 
'>*»r*'*g to fbtm the tenaaa of other Terba, Aa ; 
tioopa ia the aanrioa of a nation 

Avnil, (a-Yi^ v.C [L od and valerr.] To profit: 
to Matat; to pranote;— «. i. To be of uaa or 
a d i anta ja; to nnaww the poxpoae. 
Anul, (»-vtf) «. AdTantage ; nae ; benefit. 
AraflaMa, (»-T&IVhi) a. Capable of adraatage ; 
1;— having eflkacy tor the otgect; TaUd. 
(a-Til'a-blncs) n. State of being 
mnUmbks ; power of promoting the end in Tiew. 
(aT'a-lanrii) ». [P. jaafei*, toaUda] 
r-«Up; TBtt body of ioe aliding down a 
|»Y'»-ria)a. (UoHrt,} ExoeariTelova 

(aT-a-riah'us) o. Aetnated hj 
after wealth or gain. 
; (ar-*-riah'ua-Ie) odv. CoTetonaly. 
if^yHO i»f^ (D* Aoatd fatt.} Geaee ; 

(a-mwntO inUrj. fP. avani.] Begonei 
#pa Wall (a'TA-mA'ze) ik A prayer (o the 
Tii^ jfaiy, beginning Av€ Maria tHail, 

AaaiV*, Ct^^mvJO *• <^ (^ viadicorc] To take 
-^ tat i^Joxy; to influjt pain on the 

[takes Tengeance. 

Avaagar, (»-Tenj'sr) «. One who aTengea or 

Awaa, (ar'e-nn) a. [L. ad««n>r«.] An en- 

tnaea to n plaea; paange;— a walk in a paik 

or fudao, naoalfy ptanted with tre«fr 

Avar, (a-TCT^ v,L [L. od tvnu.] To dedan 

poaitiTely ; to aenrt with oonfldenoe. 
Average, (av'cr-lij) a. Medial; nnn»Ain«t^ f^ 

mean proportion. 
Avaniga, (av'cr-iy) n. [F. avoir.] A oontri- 

bation to a genenl looa ;— « mean proportion. 
Average, (avV-Ai) «•<• To reduce to a mean; 

toproportian ;~-^. i. To be or form a mediAl. 
Averaaeat, (a-v^i'ment) it. Affirmation ; poaitive 

aaaertion :— offer to jnatiiy or prove. 
Avaraa, (a^v^nO a. Tuned away ;— having r»- 

pognanoe or opposition: unwilling. 
Avanenaia, (i^vsn'nes) jk Quality or atate of 

Avaraion, (a>vex'8hnn) a. (L. arerrio, hatred.] 

Op p o si tio n or ropugnanoa of mind ; dislike ;~ 

the cauae of repugnance. [aude, or awav. 

Avert, (a-vert^ v. t [Lab veriert.] To turn oif, 
Aviaxy, (ft've-ar-e) n. [L. cvw, a bird.] A 

hooae or inclosure for keeping birds. 
Aviditj, (»>vid'e-te) n. [u avtre.] An intense 

desire; strong appetite ; ca^erxjess. 
AvooatioD, (av-6-ka'shuii) m. IL. ab, voeatt.} 

Act of calling: diverting from employment;— 

the bn linens that calls oS, 
Avoid, (a-voidO v. (. [L. cz, oat of, and ritart, 

to avoid.] To keep at a distanne faaa :^to 

evade, aa a plea;— v. t. To become vacant, as a 

benefice; to withdraw. [avoided. 

Avoidahla, <a-void'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
Avoidance, (a- void'ans) », The act of shunning ; 

— ^the state of being vacant, aa a benefice. 
Avoirdnpoia, (av-fr-du-poiz") n. or a. [F. avotr 

du poidM.} A weight for ordinary oommodities, 

in which a pound contains 16 ounces, or 7000 

Troy grains. [declare positively; to maintain. 
Avonch, <a-vouch') v.t, [L. ad vocarr.J To 
Avow. (»-VDW^ v,t [L. vovere.) To declare 

openly; to own;— to acknowledge and justify 

an act dona [avowed <x confessed. 

AvowaUe, (a-vow'a-U) a. Capable of being 
Avowal, (a-vow'al) n. An open or &ank dadaru- 

Avowedly, f»-vow'ed-le) adv. In an open manner. 
Avnlaian, (arvnl'shun) a. [L. ad velUrt,] A 

tearing asunder ;— a tegment torn ofll 
Avnneakr, (a^vunk'u-lir) a. [fj, avumeuluM»] 

Of or pertaining to an qp c l ft . 
Await, (a-watO v. L [F. guttUr.} To wait for ; 

— to be In store for; to be ready for. 
Awake, (a-w«k') v.U [A-& dwecean.} To rouse 

from sleep ;— to arouse Ikom death or inaction ; 

—V. i. To come out of sleep - and out of a state 

resembling sleep. [wakefulnesa or vigilanoe. 
Awake, (a-wakO a. Not sleeping ; in a state of 
Awaken, (a-w&k'n) v. t. A i [Avake, with iU 

A-Sl ixifinitive.] To rouse from sleep or toriwr. 
Award, (a-wawrdOv.<. [F. awarder.] Tofpveby 

judicial determination; to adjudge ;—v.K To 

detennine; to make an award. 
Award, (a-wawrd') n. A judgment or fixud de- 
cision ; tpeciJieaUp, the decision of arbitrators. 
Aware, (a-wS?) a. Watchfxil; oogniaant 
Away, (a-waO o^v. Afaeent; atadistanoe; as 

an exclamation, depart I 
Awe, (aw) n. [A.-B. aifft.] Fnrfband fear 

mingled with reverence :— dread : veneration. 
Awe, (aw) v. t. To strike with ftar and rever- 

enca. [the wind— opposed to alee. 

Aweather, (a-wero'cr) adv.. On tbe side toward 
Aweigh, (a-waO adv. Just drawn out of the 

ground, and hanging perp^fldiCTilarly w>i<i of 





Awftd, (aw'fMl) 0. Striking with awe; iUling 

with fsar and admiration. 
AwAilly, (awTMl-le) adv. In an awfU manner. 
Awliilnaaa, (aWfAbl-nea) ik Tbio anatity of 

■triking with awe. [short time. 

Awhile, (»-hwflO adv. A apaoe of time : for some 
Awkvwd, (awkVerd) a. [O. Eng. avk.] 

Wanting dezteritj ; bungling ;— ongraoeftil ; nn- 

fitTonrable. [gmoefol manner. 

Awkwardly, (awk'werd-le) adv. In an nn- 
Awkwardneaa, (awk'wfird-nea) n. The qnaUty of 

being awkward. 
Awl, (awl) n. [A.-B. csl.] A pointed instrument 

tat ma king small holes. (prcqwr respect. 

Awlesa, (awOes) a. Wanting rererenoe or 
Awn, (awn) n. [QiK ahana, Q. aekni.] The 

bristle or beard of barley, oats, grasses, Ac. 
Awning, (awnlna) n. [A.-S. htlan.] A ooTer 

of oanras, to shelter from the sun's rays ;— the 

poopHleck bey<md the bulk-head of the cabin. 
Awrj, (a-rf) a. at adv. Turned or twistol 

toward one side : asquint ;— aside from the line 

of truth, or right reason ; perrerae. 
AKe,(aks)n. [A-tL tax.} An instrument of 

iron, with a steel edge, for hewing, chopping, 

Axial, (aks'e-al) a. Pertaining to an axis. 
Axifenma, (aks-ifer-us) a. [L. oxu and /erre.] 

Plants o^d«ting of an asds only without leaves. 
Axifoim, (aice'e-finin) a. In the form of an axis. 
Axil, (aks'il) n. [L. axilla.] Ihe armpit;— the 

angle between the upper side of a branch or 

leaf, and the stem or branch. (pit 

Axillary, (aks'il-lcr-e) a. Pertaining to the arm- 
Axiom, (aks'e-um) n. [Q. axunin.} A self- 

erident truth or proposition;— an established 

principle in art or science. 
i&ioniatioal,(akB-e-um-aVik-al)a. Pertaining to 

an axiom. 
Ajda, (akfis) n. [L.] The straight line on which 


a body may revolTe; — the second Tertebra of 

the neck;— the central part of a plant; — a 

medial line. Wheel and axU, one of the six 

meehanical powers. 
Axle, (aks^) a. f A-S. cnr, eax.) A transversa 

bar connecting the opposite 

wheels of a carriage. 
Axle-tree, (aksl-tr6) n. An 

Ay, (i) adv. Tee; yea—an 

aJBrmatiTe answer to a 

i^, (i) n. An affirmative 

vote;— a voter in the affir- 
mative >-pL Ayes. 
Aye, (ft) adv. [A -8. aa, 

Q. aei.] Always; ever; 

Azalea, (a-a&n»«) n. [O. azaUoe, dry.] A genns 

of flowering planta 
Azimvth, (are-muth) n. [A ae-^amt.] 

of the horixon between the 

meridian of the place and 

a vertical drole passing 

throuj^ the centre of any 

object Atimuth compaM, 

a compass resembling the 

marinor's, but with a more 

accurate graduation and 

vertical sights. 
Anio, (arad'ik) a. [O.] Des- 
titute of animal or organic 

life. Aslmuih. 

Asote, (a^otO n- [Q. a Vtir. and tdi.] A gas 

unfit for respiration ; nitrogen. [nitrc^n. 

Asotlae, (ard-tis) v.t. To impregnate with 
Asure, (ft'zhur) a. [Per. IdjawmL] Oi a sky- 
blue; oemlean, 
Asure, (ft'ihur) n. The fine blue ooloar of the 

sky;— the blue yault above, 



B(be) It the aeoond letter, and the first con- 
sonant, in the English alphabet It is 
convertible with m, p, /, v, and v, letters having 
a dose organic afllnity to its own. In m,^uie^ B 
is the nominal of the seventh tone in C major, 
or of the second tone in A minor. 

Baa, (b&) n. The cry or bleating of sheepi 

Baa. (b4i v.i. To cry or bleat as sheep. 

Baal, (bft'al) n. [H. bafoL] The supreme 
divinity among the Phenidans ; image of the 

Babble, (baVU) v. i [It babbolare.} To utter 
imperfectly :— to make a murmuring noise, as a 
stream over rocks ; — v. t. To prate ; to chatter. 

Babble, (baVbl) n. Idle talk : senseless prate. 

Babbler, (babbler) n. An idle talker ; a tell- 
tale :— a thmah-hke bird, remarkable for chat- 
tering notes. [young child of either sex. 

Babe, (bftb) %. [W. baban.] An inCsnt; a 

Babel, (bATbel) n. [H. Sdbel, or bitkrbeL Bee 
Oen. xi.] A oonfrised combination of sounds ; 

Baboon, (ba-bMnO n. [0. Eng. 6a6>en.1 A 
monkey having a long Ikoe, Ugh muzzle, cheek- 
pouches, canine teeth, and caUositieB on the 

Baby, (ba'be) n. An in£uit ; a babe ;— a doU. 

Babyish, (b&l)e.iah) a. like a baby ; 6hndi4i. 
BaM'loaiili, (ba-be-lAnlsh) a. Pertaining to 

Baovlon; — ^mixed; oonAased. 
Babylonian, (ba-be-Un'e-an) n. An inhabitant 

of Babylonia :— an astrologer. 
Baccate, (baklcftt) a. [L. 6acea.] Having a 

pulpy nature, like a berry. 
Baeonaaal,(baknub-nal)ii. A devotee of Baoehoa; 

one who indulges in lurunken revels. 
Baoohanaliaw, (bak-ka-nftle-an> a. Revelling, 

pertaioing to intemperate drinking; riotoua. 
Baoohaaalta, (bak-ka-nftle-a) n.jA. Foaeta in 

honour of Bacchus; drunken feasts or revels. 
Baoofaua, (bak'kus) a. [G.] The god of wine 

and revelry. 
Baooiferona, (bak-aif'tr-us) a. [L. baeai,fenr.} 

Producing berries. 
Baoeivorona, (bak-siT'^-us) a. [L. bacca, vemre. ] 

Subsisting on beiriea. 
BaohekMbach'el-«r) n. [F. baehdier, W. hack,} 

A man who has not been married;— ^me wfaK> 

has taken a degree in arts ;— a young knight 
Baek,(bak)n. [D.bak.] A Urge tub into wbi<^ 

the wort, Ac, U drawn for cooling; stiainizig, 

&c. :— a broad, fiat boat 
Back, (bak) n. [A-S. (a«.1 The upper or 

hinder part of an animal; the rear .^—dia <mt» 


or «ppar p«rt» 90 opposed to tbd iimor or 
; — tAoptfioaiofdi^t. 
Cbafc) oi^ To a fianner stato, condition, 
BOO ^— «Raj from tba front; — iu retain. 
, (bok) «.l To get npon the beok (rf';— to 
flBpipart;^-lD ftaee lMekiranl;—to eodone: to 
Jwt m ftvoor of; — v. i. To move or go back. 

Cfcok'bit) v.t To speak eril of, or 
loafaeanL [ordetnctor. 

r, (tekliit-cs) Ik A seeiet oalnmniator 
(bakliain) n. The epine:— the seat 
AnnneM ; mond principle, 
(faak-gam'taian) n. [W. haeh^ 
.] A gano played Iv two penona with 

liikgiiwmi QieVamimil)!! Groandintherear; 
— aplaoeofobecozi^orifaade; a citoation little 
~ -^ — \, [a oolt f6r the saddle. 

r, (baJkfaf^ n. Hie operation of breaking 
be, (bak'ai^ ik Bade or Under pert of 
thxM : tiM lesr. [to apostatise. 

"~ (hak-sUd^V.i To fUl back or off; 
r« (bak-elid'^) «. One who Iklls from 

nd naetice of zeUgion. 

jL Long ropes eztend- 
thie topHDoat heads to both sides of a 
to aaaiat in sBpnorting the mast 

(bak'Wfiid) adv. [Back and ward.] 
Wish the bat^ in advance;— In past time;— 
to voiae;«-^in a xerenn direction; 

(bak'wfid) a. Unwilling;— dull of 

: — lataintima. 
, (bak^wfid-le) adv. In a leluctant 

Cbok'wgrd-nes) n. State of being 
rb&'taO »- [0. D. ba£C.] Hog's flesh salted 
aad dned, nsoaUj in smoke. 

(bad) a. (Par. 6ad.] Wanting good qnaU- 
phjnscal or moial; Tidoaa. 
_ i, (fa^ «. [A.-a 6«a^.] AdistinctiTe mark 
d^n worn on tlio person. 

'•(fa^Tcr) «» {Conupted from L. blada.} 

to the 

V (bi^'cr) v.L To 

up with great 

: topsstoror 

iF.^adiiur.} light 
or pls9ftil disDOuasL 

Isdisn Badger. 

^dtj.Khadle) adv. In a bad manner ; not well. 
Isiiiisa. (^irfiiii) r Stateof being bad; want 

cf good qnaJitisa^ natnxal or moxaL 
BaBe, (tmi'A) v. t. CFror. Ger. frt^m.] To check 

by shiftB and tarns ;— to elude by perplexing. 
Sag;Cbag>is. [A.-S. 6or{p.] A sack or pouch. 
Bmgt, Oag) «. t To pot into a bag ;— to entrap ;— 

ci. Ii(,aweIllikeafiiUbeg. 

, (bog-a-tei'> a. [F. da^M.] A trifle: a 
DO unporfeanoe;— a game played with 

(bag^a. [F. fto^ML] The tents and 
aasailes of an army :— luggsga 
•t, (bag1aig)a. The doth or materials Sat 

'net) fk An interwoTen net for 



CbaB^)a. [It. &apto, L. balneum.] A 
Sihing^cBie ; a brotheL 

Bagpipe, (bag'pip)!!. A mnsical Initnunent It 

consists of a leathern 

bag, which receives air 

by a tabe, which is 

stopped by a valve; 

and pipes, into which 

the air is pressed by 

the performer. 
Bail,(bal)v.^ [I^ 6a- 

julart.} To set free 

from custody on un- 
dertaking fl>r the ap* 

nearanoe of the person Bagpipe. 

coiled ;— to deliver upon contract. 
Bail, (bal) a. The persons who procure the 

xelesse of a prisoner, hy becoming surety for his 

appearance in court ;— the eeouxity given. 
BauaUe, (baiVbl) a. Capable of being admitted 

to bail ;— admitting of bail 
Bailiir, (bftnf) tu^A sherilTs deputy, appointed 

to make azrests, collect flnes^ summon Juries, 

BaiUwiok, (bal'e-wik) n. [F. baillU, A-S. 

vie.] The precincts in which a bailiff hrj 

saim, (bem) tk [A-S. beam.] A child. 
Bait, (b&t)a. Any substance used to catch fish, 

to. ;— any thing serving to allure; — refreabment 

taken on a journey. 
Bait, (bAt) V. t. [A-S. baton.] To put on a hook; 

—to give Ibod and drink to, upon the road ; 

— ^to provoke and harass, as bulls by dogs. 
Baiie, (bOz) n. A coarse woollen stulL 
Bake, (bak) v.t. [A-S. baean.] To heat; 

dry, and harden; apee^cally, to prepare food, 

in a dose nlaoe heated ;--eL<. To be baked. 
Baker, (b&k'fir) a. One whose occupation is to 

bake hraad, bisouit, Aa 
Baking, (bftk'ing) n. The quantity baked at onoa 
Balance, (bal'ans) n. [Lb bis, twice, and lanx, 

plate.] An apparatus 

for weighing bodies; a 

beam with two oppo- 
site scales;— act of com- 
paring; estimate; — a 
Just proportion, 
tialaaoe, (bal'ans) v.t 

To weigh in a baiauoe ; 

— ^to render equal in 

proportion, Ac; — to Letter Balance. 

estimate;— to adj^u^* ^ <ui account;— v. «. To 

be in equipoise :— to fluctuate between opposito 

motives; to hesitate. 
Balcony, (bal-kO'ne) n. [O. H. Ger. 6a2eAo.] A 

gallerv on the outside of a building. 
Bald, (bawld) a. [Bp. baldo.] Destitute of natu- 
ral covering, as of hair, foliage, d^;— un- 
adorned; mean. 
Bald n ess, (bawld'nes) a. State of being bald; 

meanniWB or ind^anoe of style. 
Baldric, (bawld'rik) n. [A-S. belL] A girdlo 

worn pendent across the breast ; a richly oma- 

mented scarfl 
Bale, (b&l) a. [O. H. Ger. balla.] A bundle of 

goods coxded or hooi)ed for transportation. 
Bale, (bal) v. L To make up in a bale; to lava 

watnr out of a boat. 

Bale, (bal)n. [A-S. beal.] Misery; calamity. 
Balaftd, (bal'fMl) a. Full of misery ;— wof ul. 
Balk, (bawk) n, [A-S. 6alc.] A great rafter ; 

a hindranoe or disappointment;— an unploughed 


9alk, (bawk) v.L To disappoint; to frustrate ; 


g kun nntoaoted la pko^ilnc;- 


globo'- — B bmiiiu' EVTui ' [(or rUnfitng 

SIlU, (btwl) «. [F. («L1 A nlil HHmb^ 
Bin, (t*wl) .. i To lljrm, » Bioir, lata UllM. 
Ballu. (ballid) n. [IL iaJ'iiiii.] A pi^nlu 

SiUut. OaJTut) n [W. baUuanX Any lam 
ntntuoa, Ao., pU»d in Uw IttU «r k tmhI, 

SiUuToKflBt) ■- 1 To kad with taDMt. 
SaU-Mitillc^ pml'Ur-trtJ) a. A suBldga 
fUDldiad Willi m teU. 
BaUrt, (ta-UI ■. fP. boL] A UHstiiisl d- 

hlbilJOB trtth >• — '-- ■•- 
| |.ii~m, (btl-U 

iola.1 iu« 

or otfadT light nvionu, 
ukd flllod wiEh hjdiccvQ 

to. H. a«. boUs.] AnjTt 
IT put of Iha bt'- "— ■ ■■ ■ 

tl-lMiO «■ [Ascm. Df 7. talk, Sp. 
•^ taofiilk 

of k plUar;— « iphulad H 

Allot, {t*11ot) >. [7- tal- ' 
iitt] OofinillJ, » »i»ll -; 

Toting ;— ^hol* vooont of v| 
Billot, (bftllot) •. i. To 

It:— MV UiiDg which 

i) a. UTlni Iha qi 

Mm&U Doltuim HHdto nppDJt tho nil of mit«ii< 

B*liutnAa.O»l'<u-tild)ii. Aniwof 
Buibse, rbiim-biMy) ■. pUlij. '^- 

troploBl punt of tho nod kiDd ; i 
Bu,(b*alii. IF.bH.) Apnuiuutlan:— ] 

noUDOoriiuniuoi prohibltloii ;— « onne 
Bu, (bwl >. t In unno ; to uecnU. 
Baawo, (bo-nl'Di) il. fff. U 

Uln-tno. ud Ita ikuit 
Bud, (bud) It. [A. -8. 

MadoH, to Und.) A> — ' 

tlo, or Dllat;— • mooli 

iDDunoii dolcn. iapad>Uj 

Bud, (tend) v.t. To bind 
or tla ; — to bnito in % oom' 
panj;— v.i. To oonlBd- 

Bcadnc*, (bud'an >>■ A flllat or ■with, nod 

Budagi, 0*nd'l)) «. 1. . .. 

BandlHE, (Ix&d'boki) ■. A ihght fiar boi far 

booDaU, or DUlor light utiols. 
Budit. (bao'dil) n. (It. toiidirf.] A Uwta 

.. 0>u'^) >■ 17- ioiHle'-l A clib boot 
■okfWK Butluitiiklncat^;— tlwpUr 

■udT, (bui'da) ■. I. To bait to nd fro. u a 
ball mpiulng; — to toot tbont; to agitata. 
BudfJinod, (bu-dfrlc^) a. HaTk«a»i>k>d 

B>w,{bin]m. [A.-S.&aiu.] A dauHypalmi:— 

Bo*^ (blintul) 0. EbTlsg pobctMiu qnali- 

Buf, (Isiig) >.t [loaL tavitl To twt, u 

wiA ■ dnb ; tu budla nogtUj. 
But, (tug) ■■ A blow, ■! with • dob; ■ 

BulA, (bulidi) *. I. IL bomiiK] To OOD- 

domb to oxUe ; — ta diira aw^ ; to upoL 
Tttiilihimit pianlah Tnninii A«te(tttalih]i«, 

Buiitoi, (ban'iMtt) a. A RippDit to tha nd 

Ba^a, (bui}a) >. (Comptton of tendon.] A 

ftrioged mnBcal lutmtnant. 
Buk, (tautk) ■. [A.-a lot] A bandi; a 

ridgeofwthi— aib«al;— tha iCdiota liver or 

rt If-.. 

r la dapiallKl ;- 

Bank, (baogkj .. _ __ ._ „_ „ 

ta ineloM ; — a. L To dopoilt moanj In a kajuc 
Bukar, (baogk'^ a. Oa* wbo kaapa ■ bank. 

Buk-iata, (bangk'nH} a. A froplai^ no) 
iBDed br a basUiig oooiiianj, pi/aUo o 

Baoknqit, (bantfiViipl) ■. [It baata nfto.] . 

tradoT who bnaki; an IniolTOBt.'^aDj ind 

•Uul miahla to puj hia daWa. 
BaokiBpt, (bangk'nipt) a. Unablo to pa; dcbti 
BaaknrtoT, (bangkwpt^a) a. StaUoacti 

beoomtiu naokmpt^ ailon in tnda 

Saanar, (ban^ 

aoilgn : (tanilud of a pdon « aula. 
°aiiquaC, (bang'kwat) a. IF.] A ft—' 

Burnet, (baog'kwtt] p. 

fiat SS toW 


tismatity of imdeslL 

■utaBtr. (WpMt'*^ ■. CondoM of utaF- 

-4* •dopt • fHaUn 

«Dd caa and dnM> Iba h*ii <K otlun 
fcr*[|M._ <liii'1wku) m. [Xla>«<iUiiii.| Ad 

»M.tH ^T^A-& tor.'tor.) Wi 
■^Kp*rt«i. Tnikr^ off Uwci 

I, (MiVrt) a. Wtth U 

Infill, tMfWrta. t adw. Wltb llw AM Un. 

* .(fc« rt>y)it. TlMil»«»<<bdBtli«»; 

B«llU,(b»-lUl»>. np.»arTiUa.J Ai 
plant from wldefa inda !■ pudt: — Hi 
_tmdBO«L .j_-.._ 

fa-bn, ft , - , 

-_._„ ; 1) B^ [O. lonu, ta«TT.J 

(b4rm) ■. [A-8. h 

BuB7, (UlDi'li) n. CoulalBiDg ta 
Bus, (Mni}i>. [A-a. tfraaadm 

fOr ikainf Enia, b»r, Ad. 
Bvnul*, (ta^Bk-kl) n. [Il fMnui.1 : 
(bb, Adhezliiff to rookit TiMeii , ' Ao. ;— « 

Ud abon • knl^t. 



8ai«Mto7,(bar'o*ii«t-fe)n. TheraakofabaraiMt 
BaroBial* (ba-r&'oe-ftl) a. Partainiiig to a faMtm. 
Banmy, (bax'o-ne) n. The honour or Cm of a 

Bmomm^, (bar'o-Bkdp) n. An inrtrament ihow* 

ing the ohuisea in the weight of the atmoephere. 
Baionohe, (ba-rddehO n. [L. 6m, twice, and 

rotat wheeL] A foar-wheeled caniage with a 


Bairaek, (baz'ak) n. [Bp. barra, bar.] A build- 
ing eet apart for ioldien: genexallj pL, the 

whole range of boildinga fbr oflloera and men. 
Barxaok-maater, fbar'ak-maa'ter) ti. The offioer 

who ■uperintends the banacke of eoldien. 
BaxTaeoon« (bu<a-k06n) n. [Barraek.] An in- 

clomire where alavee are quartered: a fart 
Banatry, (bar'a-tre) n. [L baratare.] Fraetlee 

dt encouraging lawmite; — a ftvodulent hraaoh 

of daty on the part of a masterttf a ahipi 
Barrel, (bar'el) n. [GaeL barra, bar.] A round 

bulgy oaak made of itaree and bound with 

hoops ; — a hollow cylinder or tube. 
Barrel, (bttKel) V. t ToDutorpaokinabaxnL 
Barrel-bulk, (tiar'el'bulk) ik A meaanre uted in 

eitimating capacity. • 

Barrel-organ, (bar'el'Ot'nn) %. The hand*otBan. 
Barren, (bar'en) CL [N.F. frareia.] Incapable of 

producing u£Etpring. whether anhnal or Tegeta- 

ble:— pn^noiDg nothing. 
Bairenneaa, (bar^en-nei) n. Sterility. 
Barrieade, (bar'e-k&d) n. &n, bmrica, cade] 

A dafentiye fortification made in haste;— any 

obetruotion or meane of defence. 
Banioade, (bax'e-kAd) v.L To fortify with any 

alight work : to atop up a 
Barrier, (bai^e-^r) n. [F. barre.} A kind of fence 

made to stop an enemy;— any obstruction;— a 

limit or boundary. 
BarriBtar,nxu<ia-tcr)i». [Fromdon] Aoounaellor 

at law, aomitted to pleiMl at the bar. 
Barrow, (bac'd) n. [A -8. btorant to bear.] A 

light, amail tmmt boarded on the bottom, for 

canning gooda 
Barrow, (bar'd) 9k [A.-S. beorg.} A mound of 

earth, intended as a lepositoxy of the dead. 
BaiHriiot, (b&r shot) a. Shot ogniiatlTig of a bar, 

with a half ball or round 

head at each end. 
Barter, (bar'tcr)v.t. [It.6a- 

rattare,] To traffic by ex- 

diangtng one commodity 

for another;— v.t. Toexcoange or give in ex- 
change, [moditiea. 
Barter, (b&r'tQr) n. Act of firnhanglng oom- 
Bartisan, (bor'te-zan) n. A email turfet» pvojeot- 

ing from a sqaare tower or parapet 
Barytone, (bax'e-tOn) n. A male Toioe, the 

compass of which lies between the baas and the 

tenor. [bazyta. 

Baiytnm, fba-rftnm) n. A metal, the base of 
Baaal, (b&W) a. Pertaining to, or oonsfeitut* 

ing, the base. 
Basalt, (ba-xawlf) n. [L. boioltes.] A rock of 

igneous origin, consist- 
ing chiefly of angite 

and feldspar. It is 

usually of a greenish- 
black colour ;— a kind 

of black porcelain. 
Basaltic, (ba-sawlt'ik) 

a. Pertaining to, or 

containing, bualt. 
Baat, (boa) a. [F. bos. 


L. baattu.} Of humUe Urth;— lUegitlBate;^ 

low in Talue or estimation ; — unwozthy ; mean 

in spirit 'f—dma or graTe in sound. 
Baae, (bSs) n. [0. 6asis, step.] The bottom ; the 

part of a thing on which it atanda or rests ; 

—the part of a column between the top of the 

pedeatal and bottom of the abaft :— the principal 

element of a compound. [F. 6(u, km.] Thb 

lowest part ; the graTest male voica 
Baae. (ras) V. t To put on a baaia; to found. 
Baaeleai, (bBalaa) a. Having no foundation or 

Baia-Hnft, (blalln) n. A main line taken as a 

baae of operations. 

Baaaly, (bBsle) adm In a baae manner. 
Baaement, (birment) n. The lower story of a 

building, whether aboTe or below the ground. 
Ba a ene a a, (bas'nes) n. The quality of being base. 
Baahftil, (baahY60l) a. Having a downoast look ; 

modest (manner. 

BaahftiUy, (baah'fMl-le) adv. In a bashful 
Baahftdaeaa. (baah'CMl-nes) n. [F. 6aitser.) The 

quali^ of bsing baahAil ; diflldence ; timidtiy. 
Baaify, (bas'e-^ v.l fL. baait and faeert.} 

To oouTert into a saHfiahUi base. 
Basil, (bia1])n. The angle io which the eattlng 

edge cf a tool la ground. ■ 
Badl, CMa) n. [O. boMiUkot.] A fragrant 

azomatlo pluit, one qtedea of which Ja muoh 

need in cookery. 
Baail, (bftiTil) a. [L. ftasaaiuai.] The akin of a 

aheep ***»«»^ 
Baailio, (ba-dlik) %, [O. batHihi.'i Oriffinaltv 

the palace of a king; a large hall or oonrt of 

Justioe;— a chttxoh or cathedral. 
Baailiooa, (ba-zil'e-kun) n. An ointanent 
BaaOiak, (b^U-iak) n. [G. baaUiMkot.] A 

fobuloua aetpent;~« genua of orBBted lixaxda; 

^Hk piece of ordnanoe. 
Baahi, (bi'ni) it. [F. baarin, Ger. btttou] A 

Teasel to hold water ;— any hollow place contain- 
ing water :— « vallmr drained tnr a zirer ; dock. 
Baaia, (bft'aia) n. [O. darn.] That on which a 

thing rests ;— the principal ingredient; ground- 

Baak, (baak)v.<. [Ger. baekem,] To lie i& 

warmth;—^, t To warn with genial heat 
Baakat, (baalcet) n. [W. baagawL] A veasel 

made of twigs or ruahea interwoTen; — tho 

Baaa,(bAs)«Lfin^. ApL [A.-S. baera,] A fish of 

several spedee, esteemed for food. 
Baaa, (b4B) ». [Boat.] The tiel-tiee, or its bark, 

which is used for ma^ dra. 
Baae, (bB^ ». The lowest part in a muaical 


Baaainet, (baa'e-net) n. A cradle. 
Baaaoen, (baa-aOOn') n. [It 6a«flo.] A wind in- 

Baaa4«lief,(b&'r81fif)n. Sculpture, whoae figures 

do not stand out for from the ground on which 

tb^y are formed. 
Bast, (bast) n. [A.-a battt,] Inner bark of tho 

lime-tzee; matting, cordage. 
Baatard, (bas'ttrd) n. [F.] An illegitimate 

ohild ;— an inferior quality of aoft augar. 
Bastard, (bas'terd) a. Illegitimate ;«-apnriotts; 

adulterate : counterfoit 
Baatardy, (baa'tflr^ie) n. iUegitimacj. 
Baste, (bast) v. t [IceL bepata.] To beat; to 

cudgel;— to drip butter or fot on meat in 

roasting ;--«.(. [O. H. Ger. baatan.] To 

ilightly, ^ with long ftitches.' 

f Itt. (ll^K 

Bank, (badilii. JA.-IL lacaa.'i Tb* qautltT 
•f land bdUd ■« m Ubh. 
fcU, (Mt) a. L [T. ftaUH, to bst.] To bmX 

fan^ (bu-AI !>■ C] AU(htlnt,kB(ln 

JS^^Syn. IA.-&»B(1L) AplutobUfaa 
i»: ■!< cf ■■gi wlai th» bodj, Cc, ts wiUr 

I iBa^fMn)*.*. TsnAbrI 
■ ■ tl M«>-». i. IN) b^ or IK In 
BukH, (Mthoa) •. [O. telku, d 
I JMiB t faiM >l» »toT»Wd to Uh mm, 

[ M?(tM!W)m. AKuDbatftirbat 
I akK tUa iKl cf lb* bnk, 

i, (M-tcaT) *• X Mt«iLl A 

Biiltl»«ih(liUl-aki)i(. Allan ftmadrnad 


— , — , , tndiQitod JHT- 

ptt:— anr nil ^Vtt opmingi or 

(liat'U) n. FF. teltn.] Act 

lu^ (l>w^r>. [It- hiAMa.) . 
A trUlnf pi«)s of flnory ; a g«w-gair. 
B«d, (IsiinU H. [Oa taJUi.) A psHD vha 

= /1 

Jij.JM n. IL. taaa.) Tbo lunl'tm : aoro* 

— ,. .Mm. A itsU of dafeiwa and daaalm 
Baj, (Ui «. <■ (F. afriiwr.] To Iwk, a> a il< 
Sanrd, (bt'tid) a. Pigparl; alar bnH, bi 

SayaDat. (M'an-M) n. [Bafonu.] A ibor 
pvLntod Inatniment of ^ „ ^^___ 

inn, Mtad to a gun. f^i^^^^^^^^^ 

Barenat, (bi-on-«) n. t .T~\ 
Td «tat> wlCli ■ bajo- QCI » 

Ba:r-*lB'>*i (UVln- kCa^^U^H 
-*" - • jncJaEtlin window tormtiig a i 

1 ot (ooda;— B ladla' i 

[A -a turn, Bkr. 

Baaah, (bich) *. I; To no nnm a b 
BaMMh (brW) n. [A-3. Wen.] 


bfoHH.] A alnial 
hUI top:— amarkarEoidato 

lailmia ;— • lirtit-bc — 
-jHan. (bftai) >. L To glTa Ugfat to, aa 
SmJ, (bW) n. [A-S. *«k(, 
doH.UpiHj AUtUaballi 

pnjara bj Roman CatboUn- 

amall ■lobolai' bodr ^-a '' ' 

■--■la, (Wdl) »■ [A-^t. 


_ _ _jni ufaj Bia an ooonUd on a 

Baa^, (be'll) H. [It. H Oaal. tMV, amalL] A 
■mall bound oled In hnntlnc hana. 
Raak, (Mkj s. [Gael *=, D. Mr.) Tba Wn « 
nib of a bird, Aa. >— any thing nubiff in a potnL 
~ -■^i4,(bllK)B. BailDt a baak; mdlnf ina 

k,Se^nT[A-fl^»ti»I Alaicapia>a<rf 


timber, long in proportioa to iti thifdcuflM;— > 
a main timber of a bnilding, ahip, or othn* 
atraetaie ;— the part of a bcuanoe fkom whioh 
the KalM hang;— th« pole of a oaniage;— a 
raj firom anj luminona body. 

Saam, (bem) «. C To aend forth light;— v. i 
To ahtne. fawamhling a beam ; maaiy. 

Beamy, (bfim'e) a. Bmitting Ught; radiant;— 

Bean, (ben) n. [A. -8. dean.] Aleguminoaaplant, 
and its aeod, of many Tarietiea. 

Bear, (bar) v. t [A.-S. beran. Go. bairan, L. 
/em, Q. phereln.] To aaatain;->4o lenofo: 
to have in mind;— to endnre; — ^toaoatainthe 
effect o^ or be anawerable for;— to exhibit; — 
to admit or be capable of ;— to bc^Te ^— to bring 
forth ; to gip birth to ;— v. i. To prodnoe, aa 
ihiit : to be ftnitltii ;- to endure ;^to lean upon; 
—to preas ;— to take etEsot^— to be aituated ;— to 
refer to. 

Bear, (bar) %. [A.-& ftera.] A wild quad- 
ruped of the genua £7r«u«. . ^^ 
Among the apedea are the v-^t^^^^ 
brown bear ot Europe, the ^^"^ ^^ 
white polar bear, the 

Sialy bear of the Rocky 
ountaina, the black bear 
of North Amerioa. One of 
two northern oonateUa- 
tiona the QrtoUr and 
Letter Bear. Blaok Bear. 

Bearable, (b&r'a-bl) a. Capable of being borne; 

Beard, (bSrd) n. [A.-8. beard, L. barba.} The 
hair that gxowa on the chin, and adjacent parte; 
— the long atiff hairs on a plant; the awn. 

Beard, (berd) v. t To pluok or pull the beaid 
of ;— to aet at defiance. 

Bearded, (bfird'ed) a. HaTing a beard ; priddy. 

Bearer, (bar'tr) n. One who, or that which 
auataina, or earxiea;— -one who holda an order 
for money ;— a figure by the aide of a ahield. 

Bearing, (b&r'ing) n. The manner in whioh a 
person bears hunaelf ;— aituafeion of an object, 
with respect to another;-Hact of giving birth ;— 
apan of a beam;— emblem in an esoutdieon. 

Beariah, (bAi'iah) a. Partaking of the qnalitiaa 
of a bear :— gruff ; unonltirated. 

Bear-akin, (bOr'akin) n. The akin of a bear ;— a 
ahaggy, woollen cloth. 

Beaat, (btet) n. [F. bite.} Any fonx-footed ani- 
mal, as oppoeed to man, an irrational animal 

Beaatlineaa, (beatle-nes) a. The state of being 
beaatly ; brutality. [natoxe ; brutal ; filthy. 

Beaatly, (bustle) a. Like a beaat in form and 

Beat, (bSt) v. t, [A.-8. beatan.] To atrike re- 
poatedly ; to puniah;— to pulveriae;— to hammer 
into form;— to range over ;— to overcome;— v. i. 
To throb ; — to come or act with violence. , 

Beat, (bSt) n, A atroke;— a recurring atroke; 
a puliBation ; — the riae or Call of the hand or 
foot, in regulating time^-a round or oourae 
frequently gone over. 

Beaton, (bsru) a. Made amooth, or worn by use. 

Beatifle, (l^-a-tifik) a. Imparting or oom- 

_pleting blissful enjoyment [manner. 

Beatifloally, (b«-a-tlfik-al-le) adv. In a happy 

Beatiflaation, (bfr«V«>fe>kA'8hun) «. Act of de- 
claring a penon beatified alter death. 

Beatify, (b&^tVfi) «. (. [L. beatua and faeere,] 
To make happy ;— to bless with celestial enjoy- 
ment;— to deokra that a peraon ia received into 

(bdtlsg) fk Aot of giving Uowa;^ 

nolntions— piocen of Mlliog agalasl the wind 

Beatitade,(b84kVe.tad)ii. [L.} FsUdly of the 
highest kind; heavenly bUsa;— the dedaration 
of bleasedneis by our Saviour. [suitor. 

Bean, (bO)ii. [P.] A fine, gay man; » lady's 

Bean Ideal, (bd-I-dfal) n. [P.] A conception 
of pexftot beauty. 

Bean-ueode, (bd-mongd') «. [F.] Tbo fiuihion- 
able worid ; people m rank and fashion. 

Beautaona, (bfi'te-ua) a. [P^om beauty,} Very 
fidr or handaome; beautifloL 

Beantifta, (bo'te-fMl) a. Having the qualiti« 
which eonatitnte beanly: lovely. 

BeantiftiUy, (btt'te-f<Ml-e) adv. In a beantiAd 


Beautifir, (bu'te-fl) «. C. To make or render 

beautiAil ;— v.i To become beantiAiL 
Beauty, (bfi'to) n. [F. beauU,] An aasemblaga 

of gtaoes or propertiea which pleaae the eye or 

the mind ; — a purticular gzaoe^ feature, or ezoel- 

lenoe;— a beautiful woman. 
Beaver, (be'ver)n. [A,-&. beqfer.} Anamphibi- 

ona, rodent quad- 
ruped; — the nr of 

the beaver ; — a hat 

made of the fixr;— a 

cloth used for over- 

coftts^ Ao. 
Beaver, (be'ver) n. [F. 

bavitre.] Fart of a 

helmet in ftont, ao 

constructed tiiat the 

weanr could raiae or lower 

it to eat and drink. 
Beealm, (bS-k&mO «. t (It. 

eotaia] To atul; to ap- 

peaae;— to keep tmm mo- 
tion by want of wind. 
Becanae, (be-kawz^ ccnj^ 

[O. Bug. firom by and 

ca«t«e.] By or for the 

cause that; on thiaaooonnt; 

for ttie reason. 
Beck, (bek) n. [A-a beenian.-] A 

nod or motion of the head or hand. 
Book, (bek) v.i. To nod, or make a aign ;— 

«.t TonotitybyAmotkmoftheheadorhand. 
Beokon, (bek'n) v. i. To make a aign to with 

hand or finger, te. ^— v. (. To make a signifi- 
cant sign to ; to summon. 
Beoeme, (be-kumO v. i [A-8. beeuman.] To 

enter into some new state, or to paaa fhim it to 

another ;— «. t To anit or be suiiaUe to. 
Beooming, (bMnun'iag) a. Appropeiate or fit ; 

graoefUL [orgraoafUl mannor. 

~ ', Cb8-kQm'ing-le)a«tv. After a proper 
Bed, (bed)' n. [A-S. bed, bedd, Ga badL} An 

article <tf fUmiture to aleep or take seat on :— 

bottom of a stream ;--a layer, seahi, or atiatum; 

— place on whioh any thing resta 
Beo, (bed) v. t. To place in a bed:— to plant 

and cover;— to put in;— v.i. To go to bad: to 


Bedaub, (be-dawbO «. U To aoil ; to daub over. 
Bedasde, (bS-dax'zl) «. I. To maka dim by too 

strong light (a bed. 

Bed-ehaBMr, (bed'ehftm-b^r) a. A chamber for 
BeddiUg, (bed'ing) n. Materiala of a bed» 

whether for man or beast ;— position of li^yera. 
Bedaek, (bS^ekO v. t To adorn. 
Bedevil, (blMevl) v. t. To throw into oon* 

fusion, aa if by evil apiiita^-4o daatroy. 

r, (bMaO«.l !romoist«iiuwithd«w. 
(bMttmO v.L To nuke dim ; to darken, 
(bsdina) M. [Corrapted from BetkU- 
.) A med^MMias ; — » pliuse of uproar, 
(bedlam-it) n, A madman, 
(bad'do-in) n. [A. beddvi.] One of a 
tribe ef noaadie Arabs liring in tent& 
Jlrf peit, (bed'paet) ». Thepoetof a bedetead. 
Biiimik, (be-dzenah') v. t To wet through ; 

lirfriiiien, (bedMl-n) a. Cooflnedtothebed bv 

•SB or inflxmi^. [bed. 

BcdraaH, (bed'iMm) «. An i^iartment for a 

l o ^uy , (b»<irof>0-r. t. To qurinkle with dropa. 

ledalead, fhed'atad) m A frame for aupporting 

abed. [bed. 

lid-tima, (bedtim) n. Ueual hoar of going to 

lea, (bS) H. [A.-S. 6eo.] A well-known four- 

wiagad ioaeet of 

aaay fm»m% and 

tptam; — flgnzatiTe- 

I7, an iaantziooa 

iteeft, (bioh) «. _ 

[A-d^ btee.] A Ivea « w 6 

flfthegaraa Amu. aQoeaiBee. b Woiklas Bee. 
leedMB, (bitim a. Conaiating oi, at pertain- 


lee-eatar, (bTet-er)*. A bird that Ibede on bees, 
leef. (bfif) n. [F. bem/.] The lleeh of an ox, 

boll, or eow, or of 

borioe animala 


a. One who eats 

beef; awsU-fsd per- 

of the 
ywoMB of the guard , 

BsefMaak, (biTstik) ^ 
>. A slice of beef '^ 
broiled, or ior broil- 

S,shakh>cpleee; S, 
(bSliiT) «. cbiM : < ribs: 8. olod; 6. 

cr box used fe?*^ '• *•"* h ^^ "ff * 
v-i5*^7I_ «I- loin; I, rump; 10, round; 

SB a b abi t a t lo p for ii,i^g7u, foSt; li, udder; 

be«. 14, slun; IS, dieek. 

Bee>laa, (birim)i«. The shoxtcst line fkmn one 

ptaee to another. 
Bear, (bfir) «. [A. -8. bcor, D. andOer. bier.] A 

fmaented liquor made from malted grain, 

Imb wai , (bCs'waks) n. The wax secreted 

bf bses, of which theur oella are constructed. 
Mst, (bet) «. [A-S. btte.] A succulent root 

a>sd for food, and for making sugar. 
Betde, (bTtl) «. [A-8. 6j|t(.) A mallet or 

vootei hammer;—* ooleoptarous insed 

(brtl)v.k (A-a bsoteJi.] To Jut ores- 

IciiU, (b«-Cnrr) v. 1 [Sax. b^orllan.] To happen 

to: tocoeor to;— «. i To oome to pass. 
Icit, (be'flt) V. 1 Tosnit; tobeoome. 
Bdsal, (be«6r) V- 1 To fool : to deoeire. 
Btfaca, (bi-CO P^TP- [A -8. 6<^oran.] In front 

of; pseeading m qiace, time, rank, right or 

vorth ;— 4a pteeenoe d 

Isi w e. <b«-w) ad9. On the front:-4n time 
jmoeding; aheady. 
■afar ahead, (bA-ftrliaiid) adv. In a state oi 

aatidpatiaa ; — bj way of prepaiation. 

(bt-fic'ttm) adv. Of old time; 

Beftvl, n>S-fbulO V. t. To make fouL [nances 

Befriena, (be-frendO v. (. To aid or counte- 

Befiringe, (M*fiii\jO t). t To fiimiah with a fringe. 

Beg, (b&) a. [Turk, beg, which la pron. 6ay.] 
The goremor of a town or district in Turkey; a 

Beg, (beg) v. t [A-S. btdoEan.] To aak earnestly; 
—to take for granted ; — v.i. To practise 

Beget, (be^et^ v. (. [Be and A-S. ffttan.] To 
procreate; to produce. 

Beggar, (beg'gcr) n. [From beg.] One who en- 
treats earnestly ; spec^cally, one who lives by 
begging ; a mendicant 

Beggar, (beg'gcr).v. t To imporeriah ;— to make 
deatitute; to exhaust. 

BeggarliaMa, (beg'gcr-le-nfls) n. State of being 
beggarly. [mean. 

Beggarly, (beg^gtr-le) a. Extremely indigent; 

Boggary, (beg^g^r-e) n. A state of indigence. 

Begging, (beg'ing) n. The act of asking, or the 
piaetioe of living on, alms. 

Begin, (bS-gu^') v- »• [A-8. beginnan.] To have 
origin or exlBtonoe; to take rise :— to do the 
flnt act ; to take the first step ;— v. t. To enter 
on; to commence. 

Beginning, (b6-gin'ing) n. The first cause, 
origin, source ; — that which is flnt ; commence- 
ment;— the rudiments, first ground, or mato- 

Begird, (bS-g{rdO v. t To bind with a band. 

Begloom, (b«-gl6dm0 v. t To wrap in dark- 
ness ; to cover with clouds. 

Begnaw, (be-naV) v. t To bite or gnaw. 

Begone, (be-gOi^O inter^. Go away ; depart 

B^prime, (be-grimO «. t To soil with dlri;. 

Begrudge, (be-gn^') v. t. To envy the poesee- 
sion of. 

Beguile, (be-gflO v. t To delude by artifice ; to 
impoee on ;^to evade. 

Beguilement (be-gil'ment) n. Act of deceiving. 

Behalf, (bfi-haf) n. [A -8. belujt] Advantage; 
internet ; support ; diBfence. 

Behave, (bfr-hAvO v.t [A. -8. behabban.] To 
cany ; to conduct; to manage;— v. i. To bear 
or cany one's self 

Behaviour, (bfi-hftv^y^r) tk Manner of behaving, 
whether good or bad; bearing or carriage. 

Behead, (be-hedO v. t. To sever the head from 
the bod V ; to decapitate. 

BehemoUif (bdlie-moth) n. [H.] An animal 
fiesoribed in the book of Job, xL 15-24, sup- 
poeed to be the hipQopotamua. 

Behest, a>S-heatO n. [A-S. bfhcu.] That which 
ia williad or ordered ; mandate : iiijnnction. 

Behind, (be-hindO prep. [A -8. behindan.] On 
the back of; on the other aide of; — left after; 
— left at a distance by, in progress of improve- 

Behind, (be-hindO adv. At the back part; in 
ths rear; — ^remaining; — ^backward in time or 
order: past 

Behindhand, fbS-hindliand) a. In arrear ;— in 
a state of bacKwardnees ; tardy; dilatory. 

Behold, (b»-h51dO v. t. [A -8. bealdan.] To fix 
the eyee upon ; to look at ; to see with atten- 
tion ; — V. i. To direct the mres to ; to look. 

Behdldea, (be-hdld'n) a. Obliged ; indebted. 

Behoof, (bd-hOdf) n. Need; necessity; advant^ 
age: profit; benefit 

Behoove, (b6-bO6v0 v. t [A-S. beftq/ton.] Ta 
be neceeaary for ; to be fit or meet for. 

, (b^ix^ fk £zistenoe in iaot' or in 




thought ;— that which exists;— a liTing spirit; 

an aulmal ; a cnatuve. 
Selaboor, (be-l£'ber) v. t To work diligently 

upon : — to beat toancUj. 
Belated, (bS-Ut'ed) & Benighted. 
Belay, (bS-l&l v. t. To block up :— to make ftst, 

as a rope, bjrtaking sereral tuma round a pin. 
Beloh, (oelsh) v. (. [A.-S. be€U(^n.] To throw 

up from the stomadi ; to eraot ;—«.{. To issue 

with Tlolenoe. 
Beldam, (bel'dam) n. [F. bOU-dame.] An old 

woman in general ; an ugly old woman ; a haff. 
Beleacaer, (be-le'gcr) v.t. [Ger. lagem,] To 

surround with an army; to blockade. 
Belfry, (bel'fre) n. [F. b^roy.] A. moTaUe 

tower for attack and defence; — a bell-tower. 
Belial, (bdle^) n. [H] An evil spirit; a 

wicked unprindpled pexeon. 
Belie, (b8-in v. t. [A.-8. lia. ] To give the lie to ; 

to show to be false;— >to gire a fiUae account of ; 

—to slander. 
Belief, (b§-lfif) n. An assent of mind to the 

truth;— the thing belieTed;— a creed;— eon- 

fldenoe ; reliance. [being belieTed. 

BelieTable, (bd-lcT'a-bl) a. Capable or worthy of 
Believe, (be-leO «• <• [Fteflz be and A.-8. M/'oa, 

Iv/an, to allow, x>ennit.] To be persoaded of 

the truth of; to regard as true; to place oonfldence 

in:-^v. i. Tb have a Arm penuasion;-'-to think; 

to suppose. 
Believer, (be-Ur'er) n. One who credits; €tpe- 

cially, a professor of Christian fUth. 
Bell, (bel) n. [A.-B. bellan,] A hoUow metallic 

▼essel which giTcs forth 

a clear, ringing sound on 

being struck;— anv thing 

in the form of a bell. 
Belladonna, (bel-la-don'na) 

91. [It] I>ead]y night- 

Belle, (bel) n, [L. Ullut,] 

A Toung lady of beauty, 

and mudi admired. 
BeUes-lettres, (bel-let'tr) 

n. pL [P.] Polite or elegant 


Bell-fovadcr, (bel'ftrand-fr) n. 
Belligerent, (bel-4i'cr-«&t) a, [L. beUum, ffereit.] 

Waging war : diniosed for war. 
BeUTgerent, (bel-l(j'fir-ent) n. A nation or state 

canying on war. 
Bell-metel, (bel'met^d) n. An alloy of copper 

and tin— used for my^iring ^^i«^ ^. 
Bellow, (bellO) v. i [aI-S.' btllan.] To make a 

hollow, loud noise, as a bull;— to clamour; to 


Bellow, (bel16) n. A loud outcry ; roar. 
Bellows, (belOos) n. ting. A pL [A.-S. balg.} 

An instxTiment for propelling air through a 

tube, for rarious purposes. 
Bell-nnger, (bel'ring-fir) ». One whose holiness 

is to ring a beU. 
Belly, (belle) n. [A.-S. bcdg, baUff.1 That 

part of the body which contain the bowels : the 

abdomen ;— any thing which resembles the beUy 

in protuberance or cavity. 
BbVIj, (belle) v. i. To swell and be protuberant 
BeUy-band, (belle-band) n. A band that en- 
compasses the belly of a horse ; a girth. 
Belong, (bS-longO «• i. [Prefix bt and O. Eng. 

tonyj To be the property, oonoem, or proper 

husinesB of ;— to be a part or quality of ;— to be 

uaUve to. 


One who casta 

BelflOffiag, (bd-long'ing) n. That which per- 
tains to one, as a quality or endowment 

Beloved, (b6-Iu vdO a. Greatly loved ; dear to the 

Below, (be-16') prep. [Be and Unf.] Under in 
place ; beneath ; — ^inferior to ; — unworthy oC 

Below, (bS-lOO adv. In a lower place ; beneath : 
— on the earth, as opposed to the heavens >*jn 
hell, or the regions of the dead. 

Belt, (belt) n. [A.-& belt, L. batUua.} That 
which engirdles a poson or thing: a band or 
girdle. [encompass. 

Belt, (belt) v. t To endrdle as with a belt; to 

Bcniire, (bi'mir^ v. t To drag, or soil, in the 
mire. [for I7 moaning; to lament 

Bemoan, (bS-mftnO v. t. To expresi deep grief 

Beaoh, (henah) n. (A.-& bene, W. bank.] A long 
seat;— a table at which mechanics work:— 
the Beat where Judges ait:- the judges: the court 

Beaoher, fbensh'er) n. One of the senior mem- 
bers of the inns of court. 

Bend, (bend) v. I. [A. -8. ftciutan.] To crook 
by straining; — to turn out of the direetooone; 
—to incline;— to subdue ;— to fiuten;— «. t. To 
be moved out of a stxaight line ;— to be inclined 
or directed; — to bow in prayer or in sub- 

Bend, (bend) n. A tun or deflection tvom a 
straight line; a curve ;— « knot 

BtneiUh, (bft-nethO vrep. [A.-S. bentodhan,1 
Lower in place, rank, or exoellenoe ; unworthy 
of; unbecoming, [b^w. 

Beneath, (be-nSth') adv. In a lower puaoe: — 

Benediction, (ben-e^k'shun) «. (ll bene, 
dicere.] Act of blessing; act of giving pratao 
or thanks; — ^invocation of good wishes; — ^the 
words of blessing, »jpee\fieall]f, at the olose of 

Benefaepcm,fben-d-AyBhun) n. [L. bene, /ocere.] 
Act of confoning a benefit ;— a benefit con- 
ferred on. (a benefit 

Benefaotor, (ben-€-fSsk't^r) n. One who oonfeis 

Benefootreaa, (ben-^fkk'tree) n. A woman who 
confers a benefit 

Benefice, (ben'd-fls) fi. Literally, a benefit or 
kindnees ;— an eoclesiastioal livtnc^ 

Beneficed, (ben'S-flst) a. Possessed of a ohnrch 

Beneftoenoe, (bfi-nef e-eens) n. The pxaetlee of 
doln^ good; active gondnass, kindnies, or 

Beneficent, (b8-nef e-eent) a. Doing good ; per^ 
forming aote of kindness and charity; bonntuaL 

Beneficial, (ben-frfish'e-al) a. Conlaning bene- 
fits; uaeftil; profitable;— -helpful; galnfnL 

Beneficially, (ben-^fish'^d-le) ode. In a ben*- 
fioial or advantageous manner. 

Benefieiaiy, (ben-^fish'e-ar-e) n. One who holds 
a benefios;— one who is maintained by charity. 

Benefit (ben'e-fit) n. [L. ben^aettaaik.} An 
act of kindness; a iSavoorconfofxed;— whatever 
contributes to p ro sp erl^, happlnat, orproperty ; 
— a perfoxmanoe at a theatre. 

Benefit, (ben'9-At) v.t. To do good to ; to ad« 
vanoe in health or prosperity; to be uaoftil to; 
—V. i. To gain advantage ; to proqier. 

Beaevoleaoe, (bd-nev'o-lans) n. [L. benevoUntituI 
Disposition to do good; charitableness;— «& act 
of Undness. 

Benevolent, (bS-nev^O-lent) a. [L. hent^ volo.] 
Having a diqMsition to do good ; charitablA. 

BensvoMutly, (b^nev'd-lent-le) adv. In a spirit 
of good will; dharltably. 

ItailM. (tin iiTn y f [A-& ntAt] ToiivrolTe 
XB ik](^:— to inirolvB ia monl darknaw or 

(bS-aiB^ a. [L. (cn^tULJ Of a Und 
or gmtlB diqMiitkm;— oiBiiStefinf gentloiMS, 

(bi-Big'iuuit) d. Kind; nactoot: 
(bfl^iilg'iiMit-lB) adv. With bo- 
ntgnl^: gtmcknaif. 

liii^irtj, <b»-njg'xio>to) il Qoodneat of nmtan 
ordi^MMitaoa: Idndnaw of hewt ; MAvity. 
Iwignly, OiA-Binle) adm, Fayooxably; 
Int. Aao*)ik 

State of being Inclined tnna a 
gtaa^% lina^-loaBiBg or bias; lacopenaity. 

(banrgnw) a. rA.-8. teon«.] A 
«f tba gHKoa ^irmlif;— aitalk of ooaxae 

(b^vaaO V- <^ ri^-& btMumai.] To 
of Mualioa; to naka toipid through 
(ban^iSIn)*. [Pex: tea4«adi] Onm 
a fkagnni raafnona aabstanoe^ ob- 
a tfM of JaTa» [axtraTagantly. 

(bS-prts^ v.L To pndM greatly or 
(bd-kviraO 9. t (A.-8. teevolAaa.] 
To gtra or kare bj will— nid of panonal pro- 
pertj;— 4d hand down ; to transmit. 
Bofaaat (bSJcweeO "^ Somotbing loft I7 wffl, 
um^^V ia tel j panonal profnrty; a lagaoj. 

(bS^evO «•<• U--8- to'«(|/la».] To 
I : to depclTe ;— to take away from. 
(b6>rtraeBt) n. State of being 

(bfii) «. (jl.-& fteorv, b€«Tk, hilL] A 

or moontain of lea. 

(bfn'a-mot) ik [Rrom the town of 

in Italy.} A apeoiee of oianse-tawe, 

intial oil ia eztzaoted;— the 

(bcflin) n, A foor-wheeled cuxiage, 

like a cfaaiiol 
Banndiaii, (bffhdae-dSa) n. One of an order of 

menka named after Bt Bernard. 
Beraeoaai (bei'afMa) n. A looee flowing manUei 
Beny, (b^ie) a. [A.-S. beria.) A pnlpy and 
Jokyfrait; coeof theaggKrfaflih. 
BeRT, (bcr^) *. i. To bear or produce berrlea. 
Berth, fbcrth)a. [From the root of bear.] The 

phoe whecea ihip liee at anchor, or at a wharf; 

— a pJaee in a ehlp to ele^ In ;— olBaial litaatian 

er emptoymanlk 
Bett,(b^rth)«. t TogiveanchongeyOraplaoe 

to Im at ;— to aOofc bertha to. 
Bcryl» (b^> n. [O. MnUlof.] A green or 

M«rti f,nMiii minaral of great hardnenL 
Tufinmi. (beakrin^ «. t. (Prafiz U and 

•ireea.) ^ oorar with a nreen ; to oonceal; to 



ef : tobeeome; 


t [Prefix fte aixl eedt] 
entreat; ropplieate. 
, yv^r^mauuiag-Ui) odv. In an en- 
orimportanato manner. 
<b»«tnO V. t To be fit for, or worthy 
to befit. [coming manner. 

(biHKm'ing-Ie) adv. In a be- 
(be-eetO t, t. (A.-& baettan.) To place 
in, or aroond ;— to waylay ; to blockade;— to 
aliaidaB; enanlck [ing or preesing. 
(be-eetlng) a. Habitually attend- 
fyvnjK [Bt and <u2<, by the eida] 
the' ode of ;— oat of the regular coone or 
erandahore; diitinctftom. 

Beeidaa, (b gri daQ adv. Koro than that; orer 

and above; moreoTer; in addition. 
Beeidea, (bi^daO mrp. Over and abore; aepa* 

xato tnm ; in addition to. 
Beaiege, (bs^^ v.L To lay elege to ;— to ma- 

round with armed Ibroee for the purpoee of 

compelling to eonender. 
Beaiegiag, (bfl'sej-ing) a. Sononnding a city 

or fbrtifioation in a noatile manner. 
Besmear, (bframer^ v. t. To smear with any 

viioous glutinouB matter ; to bedaub. 
Besom, (Mzam) n, [A-^S. besma.'^ A brash of 

twigs fin: swee^ng : a broom. 
Besort, (bd^ort') «. (. To sort oat or arrange 

in diflteent olasws or kinds; hence, to suit, fit, 

or become. 
Beaot, (bftaol^ v. t To make sottish by drink; 

hence, to make dull or stupid. 
Bespangle, (bd^pang'gl) v.t To adorn with 

spanglss;— to sprinkle with something glittering 

or qparkling. 
Bespattsr, (b»«paVtsr) v. t. To throw dhrtasd 

water on; to ISoul wltti slanders. 
Bemeak, (bd-spOO v. t. To order, or engage 

besnehand, or ftir a flitnro time;— to speak 

to ; to addras :— to betoken ; to show. 
B e s pe a king , (bS^pSk'ing) n. BpeoJdng Ibr, or 

ovdisiing beforehand. 

BeapotrO>«4pot^ v.L To mark with spots. 
Be^rsad, (bd^predO v.t. To spread or ooner 

over. [to scatter orer. 

BeapriakIa.(b»^iringOd)v. t To sprinkle over; 
Beat, (best) tutuperL [A.-S. buta.] Having 

good qualities in the highest dapee;— most 

advanosd; most conact or complete. 
Best, (best) «. Utmost ; higheet endeavour. 
Beat, Cbsst) adv. In the highest degree: be- 
yond all other;— to the most advantage; witii 

the most s n oo o ss, profit, or propriety. 
Bestead, (b^etedO v.L To be in the stead or 

place of; toassiat; toservei 
Bestial, (beef •«» a. PJ. freiMa, beasi] Belong. 

ing to beasts ;— having the qualities of a heart; 

Beatial Hy , (beet-a-ayp-te) n. The quality of a 

heart ;— nnnatuial cooneotion with a beeat 
Bestialiie, (bert'e-al-!z) v. L To make bestiaL 
Bestiek, (bS-stik^ v,L To stiek over, ss with 

sharp points. 
Bestow, (b<-stO^ v.L [Fkefix &« and A.-SL 

«tov, a fixed mansion.] To lay up in stmn ; to 

deposit fcr safe keeping ;— to apply ;— to confer 

or impart. [diqicssL 

Bestowal, (bfrato'al) n. Act of bestowing; 
BaBtadd]a,(b6-strad'dl)v.t Tobestiidei 
Bestrew, (bfr-stroO v.L T6 eoatter over; to be- 
sprinkle, [stand or sit aoroas. 
B e atAid a, (bS-stridO v.L To stride over; to 
Bestod, (bd-stod^ v.L To set or adorn with 

studs or bosses. 
Bet, (bet) n. [A.-S. bad, pledge.] A chanoe, 

staJce, or wager;— that which is staked or 

pledj^ in a contest. 
Bet, (bet) v.L To lay a bet; to stake or pledge 

upon the event of a oontert ; to wager. 
Betake, (b»-takO v. L To have recourse to; to 

apply; to resort. 
Beteem, ^tamO v. i. To bring forth ; to ahed; 

topanout; tosnJfer. [palm. 

Betal-nnt, (be'tel-nut) n. The nut of the aieca 
Bethel, (beth'el) a. [H. bitk-el, house of God.] 

A house ol woiahlp for seamen. 
Bethhik, (bi-thingk^ v. t To call to mind; to 




ncBU:—*.^. To lUiYa in icnMmlmDoe; to 

Bctfalflliflm, n)etti!]ie-bem) n. A TiUage of Jadaa, 

■ix milM ftom Jenualem, fhe place of oar 

Sarionr's btrth ;~-» hospital for huiatios :— cor- 

mptad to BadlasL 
Betida, (be-tidO 9.t [St: A.-S. tidan.] To 

happen to; to befkU;— -v. «. To oomo topaas; 

to happen. 
Batimaai (bS-t&nzO odv. In good tima; aeaaon- 

ably ; — ^in a abort tima ; aoon. 
Batokaa, (lA-Wkn) v. t. To ilgniiy; to denote; 

— ^to forasnow hj aigna ; to preiage. 
Betony, (btAf^n%) n. [L. betoniea.] A plant 

naed to dye wool d a dark-yeUow colour. 
Betray, (bfi-tri') v. t [Ftom be and P. tnthir.] 

To giro up toraafcheroualy or fkithleaBly;—- to 

▼iolate oonfldenoe; to deoeive hy traaohery; — 

to diaoloae a aecrot; — ^to mislead. 
Betrayal, (M-tzft'al) n. Act of betraying ; breach 

of triutk 

Betrim, (bS-trim') v. t To deck; to adorn. 
Betroth, (b&-trOiv) v.t To oontnaot in order 

Betrothal, (be-trora'al) «k A mntoal engage- 

mentbetween two partiea for a Aitore marriage 

between them. 

Betmat, (be-troatO v. t To oonflde ; to entnxst 
Better, (beftfir) a, c&mp. of good. [A>S. 6a(«, 

good] Haring good qnalitiea in a greater degree 

than another ;— preferable In rank, yalue, use, 

or other reepeot;— improTed in health. 
Better, (bet^tcr) n. Advantage or superiority ; — 

improTemeat; gxvater exoellenoe;— ^ anperiors; 

those who have a preoedence. 
Better, (bet'tQr) <id«., comp. of welt, In a more 

excellent manner ;--more ooneotly;— in a higher 

or greater degree; more. 
Better, (bet'tir) v.t. To increase the good 

qualitiea of :>-4mproTe. 
Bettor, (bet'sr) n. One who laya a wager. 
Between, (bfi-twdn') prep. [From prefix fr«, and 

twain, two.] In the space that separates two 

persons or things ; in an intermediate position ; 

shared I7 two ; having mntoal relation to two 

or mora; noting the difference of one thing 

from another. 
Betwixt, (bS-twikst^ prep. [From be and twyff."] 

In the intermediate space ; between. 
Bevel, (bev'el) n. [F. beveau.] A slant of a sor- 

ihoeat an angle greater or 

lesa than a right angle ;— an 

instrument of two limbs 

pointed by a pivot, fbr a^ust- 

ing the snrfiiceB of woik to 

the aame inclination. 
Bevel, (bev'el) a. Having the form of a bevel; 

slanting. [v. i. To sUnt or inoliqe off. 

Bevel, (bev'el) v. t. To out to a bevel angle :— 
Bevel-gear, (bev'el-ger) n. A spedes of wheel- 

work, in which the axis, 

or shaft of the leader or 

driver, forms an angle with 

the axis, or shaft of the fid- 

lower, or wheel driven. 
Beverage, (bev'fr-aj) n. [L. 

6i6ere.] LiQuor for drinking. 
Bevy, (beVe) n. [Arm. 6eva.] 

A Hook of birds, especially 

quails ;— «n assembly of ladte& 
Bewail, (b«-waiO v. t. To express deep sorrow 

fo r, as b y wailing ; to lament ;— i;. i To grieve 

or somw* 



Bawmre, (bS-wiiO «>^ i^* a^d ipore.} To goaxd 

one's self ;— to take ears ; to take heed. 
Bewilder, (bd-wil'dcr) «. t [Be and wild] To 

lead into perpEaxi^; to oonfound. 
Bewildenasnt, (b«-wil'dtr-m«nt) ik State of 

being bewildered. 
Bewitoh, (b»-wioh') v.t [A-a w^fcre.! 1^ 

charm ;— to please to sadi a d^ree as to take 

away the power of resistanoe;~to affect by 

soroexT. [nating or entidng manner. 

Bewitohingly, (bS-wioh'ing-le) adv. In a fiisei- 
Bsfwitehmsttt, (be-wioh'mant) n. Power «f 

duuming; iksdnation. 
Bewray, (M-rftO v. t [A.S. wrefftan.^ To dis- 

doee peradionaly ; to betray. 
Bey, (bft) ik A governor in the Tnrkish do- 
minions :— the same as bqf. 
Beymid, (bS-yondO prep. [A. -8. be and pamd.] 

On the farther side of; — before, In place or 

time;— out of reach of; past;— in a degree 

exceeding or suipsssing. 

Beyond, (M-yondO ad*. At a distance ; yonder. 
Basel, (besl) n. [C. betal.} The part of a ring 

whUb. encompasses and fostens the Btome. 
Biaa, (bTas) n. (F. biaU) A weight on the 

side of a bowl which turns it from a straight 

line ;— a leaning of the mind; indinaikm ; pro- 
Biaa, (of as) v.t To incline to one sido; to 

give a particular direction to; to prejudice. 
Bib, (bib) n. [L. bibtre.] A small pdeoe of cloth 

worn by children over the breast 
Bibasio, (bi-bas'ik) a. Capable of oombining 

with two parts or equivalents of a baaei 
Bibber, (bil/ber) n. A man given to drinking. 
Bible, (bfbl) n. [G. bibioe.} Tbb Booir; the 

volume that contains the Scriptures of the Old 

and New Testaments. 
Bible-soeiety, (bi'bl-sft-ia'e-te) «. A s oc i e ty for 

the distribution of the Bible throoghoat the 

world. [or to the sacrsd writinga. 

Biblical, (biblik-al) a. Pertaining to the Bible, 
Bibliographer, (blb-le^sg'xa-fer) n. [Q. biblion, 

granhein.] One who compiles the history of 

books, in. :— one versed in Oteraiy history. 
Bibliography, (bib-Ie-og'ra-fe) a. A history cr 

description of books and manuscripts. 
BiUiolatry, (bib-le^ra-tra) r- [O. biblum and 

UUreia.] Homage paid to books, enaeciaUy to 

the Bible. 
Bibliomaala, (bib-Ie-d-ma'n»«) n. [Q. bibfion 

and mania.} A rage for possessing rare and 

curious books. 
Bibliomaniao,(bib-le-(^ma'ne-ak)n. One who haa 

a rage for books, especially sucn as are curious 

BibUophiUft,(bib-le-orU-ist)a. [G. biblim tad 

philetny to love.] One who loves hooka. 
BiUiophobia, (bib-le^ff>'b«-a) n. [O. bibliam 

and phobeiithai.} A dread <rf books. 
Bibliopdist, (bib-le-op'ol-ist) n. [O. Hblion and 

pSlein.] A bookseller; one who deals in booksi 
Biblist, (bibOist)*!. One who makes tlie Scrip- 
tures the sole rale of fiuth ; — a biblical scholar; 

one oonvenant with tlu Bible. 
Bibulona, (bib^a-lus) a. [L. bibere.] Baring 

the quality of imbibing fluids or moistare; 

spongy; porous. 
Bioarbomate, (bi-k&r'bon-St) n. Bupercarbo&ate ; 

—a carbonate containing two equivalenta of 

carbonate to one of base. 
Bice, (bis) n. [F. it Pr. Ma] A pale bhia coUmr, 

prapared from blaeoarbonate of copper oraaoalt. 


Hsving twopnti 

of chxvaaeaad «•«■• of tlw 
Ka^ftai, (tMyi»«I) a. |Iiu M« and caput] 

TLxfimg tmo hsMb ;— dtriding Into two paite. 
Baeha^(iaMT.i. (W. Mera.] ToBkimiish: 

— •» owlBd fa potaluit altflrcatioa :~to more 

<{«icfttr; to be tofinmfcw, Uk* flcmeorvBtar. 
BiclDB',(lik'fr)flw A woodan bowl or diih. 
BiMliBsi, (bfr-kaK(rid) «. (L. 6i«. twioe^ and 

r«j«r, aotas.] Oftwoadonn. 
BianMSk (bS-knB'iu) a. [L. &m and eomtc] 
Hs«ii«twolMnB; ocaMbt-IOce. 

' (W'kac'pS-taOa. Having two bodlMi 
<bl-kzM'nl) a. [U 6u, twioe, nd 
envwt] HaTiag two kgik 
BuL(bid>«L(. (A.-&Aidda«,toadLl Tbaakor 
n qa ia i. ta cader or diraet^-to invHa;— 
to «flhr a flrioa >— to giro gzaetiiig, fuewdl. 

Vd,QM}m, ABaArofapvlaaataaetioiu. 

(biding a. Invitation; oommaiid; 

(bid) avi. [A.-a Wrfoa.] Tb dweQ per- 
KuaesQj: to inhaUt;— «.!. To endue; to 

l ident, (b Tdant) a. (L. biiMaddtns, tooth.] An 
ioatraBMiat vilb two proogi. 
Met, (ba^oT) «- (OaaL buiiadk.] A onall bone; 

> ^ 

article of 

'ik»aQ <L [Lk Mfattiwm.] Hap- 
talciag pliee, onoe in two yean; 


(b»«a^B»al) a. A plant that keU for 
sa, and then periehfla 
Ker,(faat>«. Afiameof woodfiiroonTejingthe 

)) a.^ [A-a&Mte.] The 
a eow after oalving>— aleo 

Cbi4'ko-«e) CL [L. bi$ and farL] 
Twirfbid ; in two rowe ; — pointing two ways. 
B^teeai. Cbi^T-oe) a. (L. 6u , twioe, and firre, 
to bear.) Bearing froit twice a year. 
BiteB, (bFionn) a. iL. M«, /orma.] Having 

^ed) a. [L. (it, twice, and 
.J Having two flronts. 
(tai-ftuOU^) a. [L. U«, fureaJ] 
/«ffced; divkied into two hranehne 

, (tai4n'4u'ahnn) a. A liarldng or 

Kg; (big) c (W. baieh, bordea.] "Balky or hnga 
aaae or magaitode ; gn at with yoang ; pr^- 
MM with eonaething portentooe; ready to pzo- 
twaiineai, importance, disten* 
t vbaOiar in a good or bad oenee. 
(big'a^Biet) «. One who hai com- 

_', (big'a4ne)a. (L. 6t«, O. 0aiito«.] The 
flf having two wiiree or hnabaadB at one 

Kggia, (bigUa) a. tP. biffuin.] Aehi]d*e oap 
9 hoodL COTBi^ hiff.} A boildiog;— asmaU 

Kite, (IM) n. (A-& 6hpo«, a bending.] A 
^^nd in the eaa coeit, fonning an open bay ; — 
tbs doable pert of a rope wlien folded; a round 

Btghr* (blgTe)' adv. In a eweliing, Unsteriag 

One obetinately and 
to a particular creed, 

IMga iw, (Ug^nes) a. Balk; aiae; Uogeneii of 

dimenrione or capacity. 
Bigot, (Ug^it) a. [r-J 

nnxeaeanafaly wedded 

pnetioe, or litoaL 
Booted, (big'at^d) a. Obetinately deroted to a 

iptem or party, and Illiberal towaid othenb 
Bigotry, (big'at-ra) a. Bnrvane attachment to 

a particular craea;— the practioe or teneti of a 

bigot. [or trinket 

Biloa,(b9-Kha67n. [F.] A liUle box;-<aJewel 
BQoatcy, (be^bM^tre) a. Small articlaB at 

verta, iewelzy, trinketa, Ao. 
Bihitanl, (bi-lat'cr^) a. [L. Mr, twice, and 

Eng. loterai.] Having two aidea. 
BiDMRX, (bil'bcr-ra) a. [Corrupied ftom fttae- 

beny.) A ahnab of the whortlebaTy fiunily. 
BObo, (biTbd) a. (from Jhlbca, in Spain, when 

they vrere ibtaricated.] A xapier or eword. 
Bile, (bU) a. [L. biU$.] A yellow, greenidi, 

bitter, Tinid fluid eecreted by the liver. 
Bila-dnot, (bO'dokt} a. [iNi« and L. d««f««.] 

A veaaelto convey bile. 
BUge, (W^) Ik [A dilTerent orthography of fntlffe.] 

The protnberant part of a caak ;— the bioadaat 

and natteat part of a ahtp'a bottom. 
Bilge, (bOj) 9.t. To aalTer a fracture in the 

Bilg^watar, (bU^'vraw-tfr) n. Water which 

enten a tUd^ and liea npon her bottom. 
Biliary, (bil'yax^) a. Pertaining to the biK 
BOia^udt (bi-ling'gwal) a. [L. bi$, twice, and 

Ka^va,. tongue.} Having two tonguee, or 

eneiilring two tangwagea. 
Bilieaa, (bil'yae) a. [L. bUU} Pertaining to 

the bile ; dinvdered in reapeot of bile. 
Bilittral, (bi-htrfr-al) a. [L. bit, twice, and 

litera^ letter.] Gonaiating of two lottexe. 
Bilk, (Ulk)r. t [Qo. biUUkan.] To diaappoint, 

deceive, or defraad, by non-folfilment of en* 


ffill,(bil)n. [JL'B.biU,] The beak of a fowL 
Bill, (bil) n. [A-fl. biU, 60.] A hook^ahaped 

catting inatrument, fitted with a handle; — an 

ancient battie-«xe. 
Bill, (bU) 71. [Ll bulla.} A note or written 

docnment;— a note of <diaxgea;»a atatement of 

goods aoId,-work done, aervioe rendersd with 

annexed prioea ;— a pafalio notice or advertiee- 

ment;--a meaanre projected, and propoaed to 

become law;— a written obligation to pay money, 

under the hand, or aeal of the grantor. 
Bill, (bU) v.L [From bill, a beak.] av> oarasa 

Bffl-bodk, (bU'bOdk) a. A book in which a penon 

keepa an aoooont of hia notes, billa of exohanKe, 

to. [the diaooant of billa. 

BiU-brekMr, (Ul-brftk'er) n. One who oegoUatee 
BiUet, (Ul^n. [F. bUU(] A amaU paper or 

note in writing 
Billet, (bU'et) v. t 1\> direct by a ticket or 

note; to quarter aoldien in private houaea 
BiUet-dooz, (bil*l»d6«^ a. [F. bUUt, note, and 

douxy awed] A love-note or letter. 
Bill-hook, (bmiMk) a. A amall hatchet vrith 

curved edge^ 
Billiards, (bil'vardz) a. pL [F. MOordL] A game 

placed with ivoiy balla and ooea or macea 
Billingagate, (bUlingz-gat) n. A llah market 

in London, notoriooa mr foul langoage; hence, 

foul or profane language; ribaldry. 
BUlion, (bil'yan) n. {L. bit, twice, and milU.} 

According to the French method of nomeiation 



« tihonind milUooi ; aooordittg to the Bof^kh 
method, ft million of miliioiUL 

F"»"»«", (bil'mftQ) «. One who rum ft bUL 

Billow, (bU'A) u. [Qer. bulge.] ▲ greftt ware 
or soxge of the aea. 

Billow, (bU'6> «. i. To twell ; to roll in waT««. 

Billowy. (bil'^M CL SweUiny into wftToa. 

BiU-ttioker, (bil'stik-fir) n. One who poite np 
billior pliioftrd*. 

Bilobod, (biadbd) a [L. bU, twice, and O. 
{0601.1 iMTided Into two lobee. 

Bileouar, (bMok'd-lcr) a. [L. W«, twioe, and 
loeut, place.] Divided into two oelli. 

Bimftna, Q>i-mft'na) n. Applied to the hic^heit 
order of Jlanunalia. 

Bimodial, ^bi-me'doHd) a. [L. bU, twice, and 
£ng. medtal.] When two linee oommensar- 
able only in power are added together, and the 
■um ie iuoommeneaiable in reepeot to either, 
the earn le called by Kuolld a bimedial line. 

Bin, (bin) It. [A.>& binn, crib.] A box or in- 
oloeed plaee, need ae a repodtoiy. [two. 

Binary, (bl^ia-re) a. [L. Oii»i J Compoanded of 

Bind, (bind) v. t [A-& Hndan.) To tie to- 
gether or oonflne with a oord, Ugatore, chain, 
«o. ;— to o(mflne or hold by phyaical ftnoe;— - 
to oonetrain or oblige by promiae;— to etrengthen 
by a baud or border ; — to sew or liuten together, 
and inoloee in a corver;— to place under legel 
oblisaUon to eerre ;— V. i. Tooontraot; to grow 
hara or ettfl ;— to be oUigatoiy. 

Binder, (bind'^r) n. A peraon who binds: one 
whoee trade ie to bind, ae books or eheaTee. 

Binding, (lund'ing) n. Act of faetionlng with a 
band. iCtnvobmlut. 

Bind-wetd, fblhdVid) n. A plant of the genne 

Biaaaele, (bin'a-kl) n. [L. JuSitaeulvm.} A box 
containing the oompaai of 
a ehip, and a light to ehow 
it at night 

Biaoole, (bin'o-U) n. [L. 
binif two and two, and oeu- 
iiM, eye.] A teleeoope fitted 
wiUi two tabee joining. 

Biaocolar, (bi-nok'a-lcr) a. 
Having two ayee ;— adapted 
to the nae of both qrea 

Binomial, <bi«nd me-al) n. (L, 
6u^ twice, and aoHMii, name.) R l im edt. 
Anexpreeiiijn ooarieting of two tarme oonneetad 
by the agn |du or mimu; aa, a •f fr, or 7->S. 

Biotcapher, (bi-og'ia-l^r) n. One who writes 
the life of a parttoalar penon. 

Biography, (bi^ra-fe) a. [Q. Mot, life, and 
grmpUiM, to write.) The hisfeoiy of tho lift 
and dtarsctar of a partioolar penon ;~faio- 
giuhioal writings in generaL 

BiolegiBal, (bi-&-li\ilk-al) a. iHfftaining to 

BioLogy, (bl-ol'o-Je) n. (O. bio$, lift, and logot, 
diaooozia.) The aidenes of life— analogoos to 
phyaiokigy ^— a theory that there is in the 
aamaa ftame a life-foroe, magnetfo and sym- 
pathetic, by the OSS of whi^ one man osn 
mow nod oontrol the mind and actions of 

Biparrirat, (bi-panh'snt) «. A Aamb« that 
divides ancsher into equal parts. 

BipaitiSa, (bi-p4rt1t) a. [L. bU, twice, and 
pvurt, to divide.] Having two «j o i r e sp ondent 
psrts, as a legal oontraot, one ftreaoh party. 

Bip ed, (bTped) a. CI* 6u, twioe, and JM^ fcot] 

or tha 


Bipadal, fU-pSd'aDo. Having two ftek, 
length of two feet. 

Bipiimatad, (bi-pea'ftt-ed) a. [L. Ma, 
sad Eng. jpemuiU.} Having two wings. 

Bipotaloiia,(bi-|»et'alHis)a. (Lufru, twice, and En& 
petalout.] Having two flower-Jeavos or petals. 

Bipiimats, <bi-pin'at) a. (K 6u. twioe, and 
Eng. jfumate.} Twice pinnate, cr having leaves 
on each aide of the petiole. 

Biqoadnta, (bi-kwodMt) n. [K bit, twice, and 
Eng, quadraU.} The fourth power, arisiag from 
the multiplication of a square numbsr at 
quaati^ by itielt [several apecdes. 

Birch, (bexoh) 11. (A-& bine.] A tras of 

Birah,(bfiich)«t.C To beat with Ureh xods ; to 

Sr4, (herd) n. (A-8. 6tiid, young, Eng. breed.] 
Fr^ierly, a chioken : the young of a fowl. 

Bird-oatehar, (b^-kich'cr) a. One whoaa trade 
is to oatch birds. [used to oatdl birds. 

Bird-Uma, (berdllin) a. A viscous aubetanoa 

Bird-of-paiaidiae, (bcrd-ov-par'ardii) n» A perch- 
ing bira cf aevaxal apecUB, 
found in New OuineiL 

Bird'a-eva, (bfirdi^a. Been 
at a iplanoe, or from a dis- 
tance :—henceL general ; not. 
entering into oetails. 

Bird'a^iest, (berds'nest) «. 

ThenaatinwhichabirdliVa M^K^mrV' 

Birr, (biT)v.i [A.-S. ftirra] 

To make a whirriog noisa 
Birth, (berth) a. [A-B. BintofiMadise. 

beordh, beoritn, to bear.] Act of oaaaing into 

lift, or of being bom ;— lineage ; extnotion. 
Birthday, fbfirth'dA) n. The dsj in which any 

ptrMmisDoim. [penanisbora. 

Buthplaae, (bcrth'pl&i) a. The place whe>« a 
Birthright, (bcrth'rit) a. Any right or pcivi- 

lege to which a penon ia entitled by birth. 
Bia or Bi, Cbis). [L.) A frequent prefix denoting 

twofold or doubb; in music, a repetition of tho 

iiaeuiL (biaUt) a. (F. pafix bU and cuit^ 

from u eo{iMr«. to cook.] A kind of unfar- 

mented bread baked hard. 
Biaeet, (bi-«ekV)«. t (L. 6u, twice, and Hcetrt, 

to cat. J To cut cr dirido into two^iarta 
Biaa0tiaa,(bi-«ek'ahun)a. Divirionintotwo parts. 
Biahep, Q>'ah'up) «. (A.-a Maeop, G. eyi^ 

over, and afcopaa, to view.] An 

one iriio haa a psstoaal charge;— a 

tendent ; one who ovaneea a 
Biali^ptaB,rbtah'niHfik)a. A dSooese: the district 

over whrnh tha Juxisdiotion of a bishop 

tends i'-ottos of bishopk 
BiaiBa^(biateuth)m. (Get: Masiaa.) 

of a taddiah-white 

rhombohedrona, whidi look nearly lika 

It ia aomewhat hsxdar than lead, 

brittla Bpedflo grarity, & 
BiaoB, (bPkun) n. (G. biaSm.] A quadruped 

habiting tha interin 

of North AnMEka, 

aaperiaHy about the 

Rocky Hountaina. 

Poptthkriy oaUed, but 

slightly difiiBring from, 


,.^-_, Am^iui hiTl^' 

tf naMnilgHillooiwaftlwIi 

Sit, CM * IA--S' *<«'. A<UB M(«, to tdU] 
Tb« IHH mttaiteiia of ■ bridK^ lo Blliidi 

Blt.(U[>i. {A.-& WK.] A mcntlifia: I 
••1 :— • (Biall faiitniiwBt fer baring. 

Kttk, (Meh) ■. IA.-3. Men,] Hh : 
•f lb* OBllH UBd. 

M»(M>*.I. IA.& W(nl TotTTuha 

bi^ (tt}ik. Alt of nUu wttli tlv taelli:- 

I lb* kiwiDf af ■ \\ 

■bkA naaini In all .U 
■AbUw alt li <bb- >fl 

Ml. (Uftrr-™; ». > 

or qnibUty ut buc Btttvn, 

M(M (bHtm) >L pi. A Uqsi 
— -■- Is akeh Uttar IvrtB 

UiOBM, (UT'ink) (. (. Ta mleb or ba on (uid. 
■•> vbel* umTi to *miudp witboat Usu or 
oornlnf. (sTSTT two wvAkA, 

Xl-«*a&, (U-irWla) K Ooauilng ouiia in 

Mum, (bi-iiO •!■ [P.] Odd Id muaar or 
■ppIHiuug; hntM>ii»L 

Blkb, (Uib) >,f [Oa. blaiin] To ipMk 

Bluk, (blAk) <L |A.^11k1 Durit; night- 
U]»;— dstltnla oTUght. 

laUr, u npntatioui— 

(faUkUk) >L A Inns liitd, th> 
lalUd ilio Uoct^^miM and Uu^ 

AiSMonwt, (bUk-bir'ut) >. A pidea 
fnlt, ued tor jalliai, )uu. Ac^ 
BIiwkM, (blmk'a) , ■ ~ • 

».*. S^BWblKk 

■luk-lih, (bUk'Adi) *. A tub of Hsu Epgluid. 
mmtk-att, OHMk^amg) n. Th<> Oh ot > pirmU. 
Blukcuid. (bUk'^^J n. [N. Mi^^Aurd.] A 

tQo ItUow; ono who 1UB £diU Luciuaa, ur 

OOBUBiU IMH Utloni. [lilulll linflUKS. 

Blukcurd, (bUk'ttnl)!. t. To mils Id wiii- 
llli«lnii«iillini (blAk'(inl-iim] b. Ctindnct or 

luniga of ft bnckstunL 
nil J I III (bUk'iui) a. A pnpaimtlan usd tat 

■boa, EcHrti, Ac, Tirionilr mfede. 
SUokub, (blik'ub) a. SlicbUjr blisk or ditk. 
XUtk-juk, (bUCJik) n. A mliunl on. tius- 

UhhIs:— • (pKHt of Mk i—< drinking cnp of 




nuk-lMUr. (hlmklotlir) 

Uab or modani Ooibio lotur- 

BU^lr, (tiUtni) atlE. Duklfi glaomlJf; 


■— ' " (bUk'inU) «. A nta of Dunoj, or 

tld to aMU* protKlJoa from piliicB. 

(Wtkfstm) M. Tba quality of belag 

btook, in a literal or flgozatiTe mom. 
Blaok-0ifinaBti (blak'iMg-ment) n. A Toxy fine 

lamp-olAck uiad in making printers' ink. 
Bladk-rod, (blak'rod) n. Tbe luher belonging 

to the order of the Garter:— the naher in pec- 


Blaoknut, (blak'raet) «. A diaeaae of wheat 
Blaekaaiui, (blak'emith) n. A Bmlth who works 

in iron, and makes iron atensUa. 
Btaek-aaake, (taUk'snak) n. A eerpent of a 

blaok ooloor, lometimeB Tenomons. 
BIaokth<ni&, (blak'thom) n. A apiny plant faeec- 

ing a email hlaok fruit 
Blaok-Tomiti (Uak'vom-it) n. A Tomiting of 

dark-oolonrad matter, or the satetanoe dia- 

Bladder, (blad'der) «. [A.-8. blaiwtn.} A hag or 

sack in animals, the reoeptade of secreted fluid; 

»« pustule fllliad with water or humour; — 

a dried membrane inflated wiUi air. 
Blade, (blfldj n. [A-S. bktd, O. piatua, broad.] 

Fxoperly, the leaf, or flat part of the leaf, of 

a plant;— the cutting part of an instrument ;— 
' the broad part of an oar ;— « dashing fellow ; a 

rake. [the shoulder. 

Blade-bone, (blld'b5n) n. The njyper bone in 
Blain, (blBn) n. [A-S. hUgtn.} An inflam- 
matory swelling or sore ; a pustule. 
Blake, (blflk) a. Yellow. [fianlty. 

Blamable, (bUm'a-bl) a. Desenring of censure ; 
Blamableneas, (bUm'arbl-nes) n. State of being 


Blamabbr, (blBm'a-ble) adv. Culpably. 
Blame, (bUm) v. t [F. blamer.] To censure; to 

find fitult with. 
Blame, (blSm) n. Bzpreasion of disapprobation: 

—hurt : cdfenoe. (iem ; guiltlesa. 

Blameleii. (blamles) a. Without Iknlt : stain- 
Blameleaaly, (blim'lee-le) adv. Innoomtly. 
BlameLeaaneaa, (hlamles-nes) n. Freedom from 

fimlt or blame. 
Blameworthy, fbUmSnir-THe) a. Deeerring 

blame; censurable; culpable. 
Blanoh, (bUnsh) v. t [F. bUinehir.] To whiten ; 

to take oat the colour of; to strip off the peel; 

— IT. i. To become white ; to remain Uank or 

empty ; to cTade or shift 
nand, (bland) a. {L. Uandut.] Producing a 

pleasing impression by soft or soothing qualities: 
^gentle; oonrteooa. 

Blandfloqnenoe, (bland-il'5-kwens) n. Fsir, flat- 
tering spee(dL 
Blandiah, (bland'iah) «.<. [L. blandiri.^ To 

flatter by kind wonls or aotioDs; to soften;— 

VLt. To act or apcak careeringlr. 
Blandiahment, (bland'ish-ment) n. Words or 

actions ezpressiTe of afDMstion or kindness. 
Blandneae, (blaad'nes) «k Mildness ; gentleaasB. 
Blank, (blangk)a. [Qer. bKnJbm.] Of a white 

orpalecolour;-— dcfjeoted;- Yoid;— pure; straight- 

Blank, (blan^) n. Anr void space: a space 

in a written or printed instrument ; a ticket 

in a lottery on wnioh no priae is indicated ;— 

the point of a target at which aim li taken: 

— « piece of metal prepared, but not stamped 

or finished. 
Blank, (blangk) v. t To make Toid; to damp 

tbe spirita. 
Blanket (blangk'et) n. [F. blanchet} A ooaTM» 

loosely woven eoTer, to protect from cold;— 

wooQm^thito lay between the tympana:— pear. 

BlaalEat, (blasgk'et) «.t To cover with « 
blanket;— to toss in a blanket 

B]aaketiBf,ndangk'et4ng)ffi. Gloihforblankete; 
—the puniuunent of toBBliur in a Uanket 

Blankly, (blangkle) adv. In a blank manner. 

BlankneiB, (Uani^nes) n. State of b^ng void. 

Bbure, (bUr) v. i. [G«r. blarren, L, plero.] To 
sound loudly; to roar. 

Blare, (blftr)«L Nojee ; loud sonad. 

Blarney, (bUr^ne) 4k [Ix; biadainaeM,j Smooth 
talk: fiatteiy. 

Blaspheme, (Uas-fBrn*) v.t [Q. hlapteiu to 
damage : pkimi, 1 speak.] To speak reproach- 
ftilly or impionsly ci, tm ot Qod, Christy or 
tbe Holy Spirit ;— to utter abuse;— «.<. To 
utter Uaapbemy. • 

BlaaphflBAooa, (blaa'fB-mus) a. ^V^Hnlng bla»- 
phemy ; impious : ineverent 

Waaphwy, (b]as'fe>me) n. [Q. UajpUmio.! 
An indignity offered to Ood bv reproacbfol, 
contemptuous, or irreverent wards or writing. 

Blast, (blaat) m. (A-S. bUuan.] A gust or sad- 
den puff of air; a pemietous wind;— a fordbla 
stream of sir firain an orifice; the blowing 
necessary to smelt ore in a ftunace;— eihauAt 
steam firom an engine:— the eonnd of a wind in- 
strument ;— an cxplosicn of gunpowder, or of 
inflammable air;— a blight 

Blaat (blast) v.<. Toixjurebya nosioDawixkd: 
to bllApbt;— to split by gunpowder. 

Blaatod, (Uasf ed) a. Confonnded ; 

Blaat-furnaoe, (blaBt'ftir^nie)n. 
smelting, in which the sup- 
ply of air is ftimished by a 
powerAil bellows, or other 
pneumatic apparatna. 

Blaating, (bbsf ing) n. A 
blast; ^explosion: brsaking 
up of rocks by gunpowder 
or other ageiu7. 

Blast-pipe, (blasVpIp) a. Tb» 
exhaust pipe ox a steam- 

Blatant, (biit'aat) a. Bel- 
lowing; noi^. 

Bhua, (blOx) n. [A-8. blcue.] 
stream of light and heat fkom a 
—a white spot on a honw or tree;— diffuaiou; 
extensive publication. 

Blaaa, (bias) v.i. To flame;— to send forth a 
bright light; — to be oonralcuoas ;— «l t To make 
public ;— to mark a tree oy chipping. 

Blaaon, (bl&'xn) v. t To displi^y cops pj c n oualy ; 
— 4o MnDollish. 

Blaaon, (bli'xn) n. [F. ft Sp. ftloson, fimm A.-a 
bUut, torch.] Art of drawing or explaining 
coats of arms ^-ostentatious display. 

Uaabeny, (blB'bcr-re) n. A plant having moall 
laavee like thoee of box, and little pux^ berriea 

Bleaoh, (blioh) V. t [A-S. fttooan.] To whiten; 
to take out the colour of; to make white by 
exposure to sun and air, or by chemical agency; 
-^. i. To grow white. [bleaching. 

Sleaehery, (blech'er-e) a. An eatablishment for 

Bleaohiag, (blSch'iug) n. Act or art of whitening, 
especially by cMmioal agents, fta 

Bleak, (bkk) a. [A-a 6ldcJ Without colour; 
pale ;— desolate and expoeed ;— cold; cheeriewt. 

Bleakly, (biekae) adv. Opeiily aa to ooki and 
wind; desolately. 

Bleakneas, (blelrnes) a. State of being bleak. 

Blear, (bl£r) a. Dan or sore with rheum— i^ 
pli«d to the t^ ;— oaiuiii(( dimn^ of si^htt 

A flame; the 
burning body; 




bUra, to tiHiikla] Ito 
the €jm witli watoy 
to vuloe dSB, M the iigbt 
(blei^ Ik A diraaio inflammatioii 
orUM^yvBdft. (dshtfld. 

~ (bliKV>a. HaTlag aon «yet; dim 
I) v. i [A.-8. btatask] To ocy M a 

fblH)*< TliaaiTornoiwofaahMik 
Slab, CMcb> n. A aiuJl tamonr or blister, 
aiaad, (MM) «.l (A-a U«daa.] T6 loM 

dia a Tiriant daatli:~to Iom up, 
ffiua, «riiiie8:~topajcrloM]aoiie^:-'fb C To 
take blood tnm ;— to axtnat at Jmoe^ eap, or 
gam ; t o diaw moniej froni. 
HrwHnff, (hlidliis:) a. A ramtog or ianing of 
Hftfnl • lattlttr blood, or azttaottuff lao. 

lliiib, (blernVh) v.t [F. Mmir.] Tomarii 
with lUrfJBiiil^; to ]narthebodjarmiad>— to 
; to doime. 

(blomlih)!!* Any mark of dafbnnlty, 
Ev pn vaical or mtwali 

(blaiuh) V. i. (F. MoncMr.) To abriak ; 
' backfJHPmladtof oonrageoriaioltttioii; 
to flindi ;— «. t. To baffle ; to binder. 
Bad, {bkmdy «. IL (A-S. bUuidan, Ger. Um^ 
dea, to blind.] To mix tofotber : to mingle ; 
to eooftmnd:— V. «. Tobomized; to be united. 
Bcada, (bleof^au [Qm. tltiuUm.} Anoreofsfno, 
fwhtinf of dne and mlphiir. 
^ r. (blan'ne) a. iaTUamaJl A fldi of 
eaUed flmn the ahining mnow 


(bke) 9. t. [A-a Uu^itaL] To 

a}— to lav(rfce a lilewlng on ; — to palie or 
for banefita ;— to aet apart or oonteorata. 
, (biased) c Happy: IbToared ivitb 
bkaia^i:— fmpartinf peaoa or feUd^;— bal- 
loted: bee^anqr. [tnnate mannwr. 
Keaeedly, (blai^ed-le) ada. In a bappj or fi»w 
(bimfcdrom) a. Happinem; dirina 

(bleelng) n» A meaoa of biwTHnwi ; 
j iMUOt e a pnepeiity and wdare ; a 

,(blaii)«L Made bapp7>— making bappy. 
Ibt. (bkt) Ik [F. Uette.] A deoijed apot on 

Bbgfat, (fact) a. Any tbiag nipping or blaii- 
,ai miktaworfkoet;--tbat whicbfriutxatee 
r's plane or witban one*a bopei;— a plant- 

KigM, (bfit) V. t. [O. Ger. hUek, pole, A-S. 
Mccaa.) To affect with blight ;— to atop the 
erowth of :— to fhntiate. 

ttad, (blind) a. (A-& Mtad] DeaUtnte of the 
mue «f eeeing: — nnable to nndsntand or 
judge ; moralhr depraTed :— indiaeenuble ; ont 
•f Ticw; hbklen . uialia m iilug ; nadiaBrimi- 

(faBnd) r,t To deprira at aigbi; to 

^rkea or obacore ;«-to daoaiTe i^to myatiiy. 
Kad, (bfiad) «. Bomethiag to hinder aight or 

fcsepootBat: a aorean >-« piatext. 
Bind tjeel, (MindTtdl) a. A coal which boma 

viihontMine or TW'^^fi 
ai;^««ij (bUnl'ISId) a. Having the eyaa 

oorerad: having the mental ^I* 

lUadloiA (bfind'flUd) r, t Tb oorer the eyaa 


of; to binder firom aeeing. 
BUaAy, (faBadle) od«i ^It 


(bllhdfnaa) a. State of being blind; 

— ^want of diaoemment or appreoiatifm. 

BHadpatda. (blind'aid) a. Side on whioh one Ja 

moat eaaily aaMUled. 

BUad-wann, fldlnd'winm) a. AxeptUe with- 
out &et—oaliedalao ilow-warvL 

Blink, (bllngk) v. i. [Ger. Miai«n.] To wink: 

to aae with the mrat hidf ahut :— 4o glimmer, aa 

a lamp :— v. t. To aTOid, or pozpoaayr evade. 

Blink, (blingk) n. A glimpae or glanoe:— 

daailing whiteneaa about the boriaon by r»> 


Blinker, (blingk'er) n. One who bjinka:— 

whaterer obatructa mghii-'-pL piaeea <tf leather 

ahading a bone'a eyea. 

Bliaa, (blia) n. (A^ blift,} The bigheat de- 
gree of bappineaiL 

nia8fU,(bUa'f<Ml)a. FUlofJc^andfeUdty. 
Bliaaftally, (bliaYdOl-le) odv. In a bliarfbl 


BUaaftilnaee, (bliatioai>naa) n, Fabtematjay. 
Blister, (blia't«r) n. IQw.bUue.} A thin watery 

bladder m the aUn^-a Teeioatory; a plaater 

to raiae a bliater. 
Blister, (bliater)«.f. To aiae Uiaten upon :^ 

V. i. To ziae in bUatexai 
Bliater-fly, (bUCtgi^fll) n. The Spanish fly, 

oaed in laisixig a blistsr. 
Blithe, (bliTH)a. [A-a 62fd&4j Gay; Joyous; 


Bfitheftal, (bUTH'fMl) 0. Gay: Jocund. 
Blithely, (bliTH^) adv. Inagay,JoylUlmanner. 
B lit h eaea a, (bUTB^nes) n, Sprightlineaa ; gaiety. 
Bhtheaema, (Utra'aum) a. Gay: many: oheeifta 
Bleat, (bl6t> «.(. [BUm, to aweaj 0^ aweU or 

maka tuxgid. as with water, air, iio. ;— to puff 

up ;— V. i. To grow tuxgid ; to dilate. 
Bloatar, (UAf «r) a. A dxied and amoked herring. 
Block, (blok) a. [Ger. Uoek, F. bloc} A aolid 

maai of wood, atone, to. ; 

— the wood on which crimi- 

nala are beheaded ; — the 

mould on which bate, Ao., 

axe abaped:~a maaa of 

buildinga :^a atapid fellow. 
Bloek, (blok) V. <. Toindoao 

or abut up:->-to obatruot;— > 

to aecuxe. Blocks. 

Bleekade, (blok-Ad') n. [It bfoeeato, F. bloeut.] 

A state of siege; guarding the approacbea to a 

town or garrison, or the mouth of rivers or 

harbours, so aa to prerent the entranoe or 

landing of nroviaiona, xa-inloroementa, &a, to 

Blockade, (blok-adO «. t Toahntnpby txoopsor 

ships; to beleaguer. [dolt. 

BloeVheed, (blokOied) a. A stupid fellow; a 
Bloek-bonse, (Uoklious) n. A place of deienoe 

made of loo, and pieraed Ibr musketry. 
Bloekiah, (btoklalOa. Like a blook; stupid; 


Blookiahaaaa, (bloklsh-nes) a. Stupidity. 
Blook'tin, fblok'tin) a. Tin in blocks or Jngoia. 
Blamaiy, (bk>m'ar-e) ti. [A-S. bl6va7k] The 

flxst forge through which ronpaans. 
Blende, (blond) a. [P. bhud,} A penon with 

ISsir ooiuplexion, light hair, and light blue eyes. 
Blonde, (blond) o. Of a iair complexion. 
Blend-laoe, (blondlfls) a. [F.J A fine kind of 

laoe made of silk* 
Blood, (blud) a. [A-a blddL] The fluid which 

oiicolatee through the arteries and reins of 

men and animaJa;— relation; consanguinity;— 




Witiiont blood- 

Act of letttng 

Uneiga;— hamper of mind; wwHiid tmUagi^ 

anumofflfliyspifit; anko. 
Skod, (Uad) V. t. To let blood from;— to ttein 

with blood :— to inure to Uood. 
Blood-foiUiBtM, (Und'gilt-a-nM) «. Hie orima 

of ■bedding blood. 

Blood-foiltjt (blnd'gili«) a. Onil^ofmiiidar. 
BIood-Kiftt, (blndltU) n. Haat equal to the 

tomiMrftture of blood. 
Sloo^hflna, (blndliori) n. A home dariTad 

ftom the porast etook. 
Blood-hot, (bladliot) a. Aa wann aa Uood. 
Blood-hooBd, (blndlioiind) n^ A farooioaa dof 

xamaAabLa for ita aoent, and 

omplOTed to ptuane men or 

animala bj tnMdng thair 

Bloodfnew, (Uvd'a-naa) n. 

State of bcdng blood7^- 

diapoaition to abed blood. 
Bloodleaa, (UudOea) a. With- 
out blood; dead ;— without 

ahedding of bloud {—without 


BfoodlaaalT, (Uudlaa-le) adv. 
Blood-lattmc, (blndlet-ing) n. 

blood by opening a Tein ; phlebotomj. 
Blood-relatmn, (blud^rfr-li-inun) n. One oon- 

neoted by blooa or daeoent. 
Bloodahau, (biud'abed) n. The spllliag of blood ; 

alaughter ; waato of uft. 
Blood-ahot, (blud'diot) a. Bed and inflamed 

hj a tuzgld atato of the blood-Teaaela. 
Blood-atone, (blnd'atdn) n. A graen aUiokma 

atone aprin^lad with red jaaper ; hemattte. 
Blood-aoekar, (blud'auk-tr) n. Any animal 

thatanoka blood; the leedi. 
BloodrtUntineaa, (Und'them-te-naa) %. Thizat 

for ahedding blood; amurderoua dinoeition. 
Blood-tfairaty, (blnd'thQia-to) a. I>eairou» to 

abed blood; mnidaroua. 
Bkod-vaaaal, (blnd'Tea-I) n. Any ▼oaaal in whioh 

blood oiroulatea; an arterr or rein. 
Blood-warm, (bludVawnn) a. Warm aa bkwd. 
Bloody, (blud'e) a. Stained with or containing 

blood ;— murderona ;— attended with bloodahed. 
Bloody-minded, (blud'e-mind-ed) a. Haying a 

cruel diapoaition; inolined to aned blood. 
Bloody-aweat, (blud'e-awet) n. A aweat aooom- 

panied by a diacharge of blood. 
Bloom, (bl6«m) n. [A.-8. blOvan.] A bloaaom ; 

— ^the opening of flowers ;-~an opening to higher 

perfectum; — ^tha powdeiy ooating ujKmoertain 

nuita [A-S. UOma.] A mam of omdo iron 

nudexgoing the flxvt liammering. 
Bloom, (blMm) v.i. To prodnoe Uoaaoma; to 

flower;— to be in a atato of youth, yigour, 

beauty, and freahneaa 

Bloomer, (blMm'er) n. A ooatume for ladiaa. 
Blooming, (bUMkm'mg) a. Fkmaiing^-ihriT- 

ing in beauty and yigonr. [bJooma 

Blooming, (blMm'ing) n. Tho prooaaa of making 
Bloomy, (blMm'e) a. Full of bloom ; flouxiahing. 
Bloaaom, (bbaTumXA. [A-S.6<dma.J Tho flower 

of a plant 
Bloaao m , (Uoa'um) v.i To put forth bloa* 

soma: to ilower;— to flomiah and proepar. 
Bloaaomiag, (bUMTum-ing) n, 13ia flowering of 
^planti; forth-putting of tender TBomiaa 
Bloaaomy, (bkia'um-«) a, FoUof bloaaoma; xioh 

with bloom. 
Blot, (blot) V. t aoal. bima.} To apoi or b»- 

ilpatter;— to dJaSgnre ;— to oblit«rat«i 

Blat, (blot) m. A apot oratain, aa of ink, oo. 
pautf;— obUtaration; diagnwa;blemiah. 
Bloteh, (btooh) ic [BloL) A puatulo on the akin. 
Blotah, (bkwfa) v.t lb mark with biota: to 

Blottarr (Uot'fir) «. Ono who, or that which, 

biota ;-"• waato>book. 
Blottinr-pi^ar, (bloring-pBrpcr) «. A kind of 

unaiara paper aarfing to j nt t rf UM^ ii^fc. 
Blouaa, (bloux)ii. ^ Uoum.} A Ught» loooo 

Blow, (bU) II. [O. H. Ger. pI«uAt]A bLoa- 
aom ; a flower ; a mam or bed of flowoca. 

Blow, (UA) n, [Go. bUgffvan.} Aot of atxiking: 
the atroka; — a audden calamity;— an egg die- 
poaitad fay a fly ;— « yiolent wind; agale. 

Blow, (bl&) at «. [A-8. 62d0aa.] To flower; to 
bloaaom ;— to oauae to blomom ;— ^. (. To throw 
a ontrent of air upon;— to aonnd aa a wind 
inatnunent;— to apread by report;— to depoait, 
aa aggi by fliea;— to fonn oy inflation; — to 
put out of breath. 

Biowar, (UO'er) ^ One who blowa; aonelter; 
-Hk contriyanoe for oreating a oon«nt of air 
in a chimney, Ac 

Blow^pipe, (blS'ph)) «. An inatnuKant by 
whioha ouxrant or air ia pro- 
pelled through the flame 
of a lamp, ao aa to oon- 
oentrato the heat on aome 

Bowy, (faJi^a) o.^ Windy; Bbw-pipa^ 

Blowiy, (bloua'e) a. Ooaiae and ruddy-fiusad. 
BUUnt, (blub'fir) n. Hie fot of whalea and other 

aea *"*"!^'*, from whioh oil ia obtainod ; — aea 

Blubber, (btaVflx) v.i [Ir. plvbA To ^eep 

noiaUy>-Hr. t w awall the fooe witti weeping. 
Blndgaan, (blmfjun) n. [Go. blaggwun,} A abort 

fttfl k witii one end Ipadad, 
Bhia, (bia) n. [A.-S. bUoh,] The odlonr of the 

dear aky; one of the aeyen pdmaiy oolooxa; 

— j)(. lowapizite: mehuioholy. 
Bfam,(Uik)a. Of aky-ooloured ; oemlean. 
Blue, (blQ) V. (. To dye bt a blue colour. 
Bbwbell, (blftlMl)!!. A plant irtdch bean blu* 

bell'^hi^ied flowan 

Blnabany, (Uft'ber-re)!!. A plant and ita fruit. 
Bl«»boolr, (UflOiMk) «. A padiamaDtaiy 
jpoblication, ao called from iti coyer. 
Bina-botlla, (blfllxyt-1) n. A plant which growa 

among com ; a fly with a laxge blue belly. 
Blue-devili, (Uvdey^l^ si.pL Lowneaa of 

■pixitB. [Atlantic 

nua-flah, (blflfflah) %. A fldi found in the 
Blna4iiM (blSlit) «» A oompoaition burning 

with a blua flame, naad aa a night aignal ia 

abipa, dec. 

BhMMaB,(blii'naB)ii. State of baing Uua^ 
Blna-pater, (blfl'p6-t«r) n. [Slue repeater.^ A 

Una flag with white in the centra; a aignal- 

*^mk Uae Tomnl ii to a^ 

Blu»*piU,(bld'pU)n. A pill of prepared mercoTy. 
Bhie-Btodanc,(blik'atok-ing) ii. A litmaxy lady; 

afomale pedants 
Blua-Titriol, (blifyit-re-ol) m. Sulphate of oop- 

per.— often olaa-aionfc 
Bbdi; (bfaif) a. (O. Eng. bUughtif,] Stoep; 

bold ; rude or ccane in manner or appearance:^ 

bluatering ;— outapokan. ' 

Blofl; (blul) Ik AateaporpiecipitoiQBftottt:^j 



•ooHtiiiai tt tin « Uakh Uiki 

mift a fcn |n^ ; to ^ thzm^ vi 

BiftOiluili. [6. aMbv.) HaiiPfiUuck 

Su (^ni4 r. f. Ta dull tb* tdga « pcdol 

b^. (Uun^HfK In ■ pliin « abntt 

BoBio, IMw^i^ikWut of idfB or poiiil: 
*TTrM tlHIUllM^ of AddmL 

Ikr, (htel *. Th^ whieb obvaiH viUumt 

(Iwr'ijli) 0. 

pL «>tH (Jlownl 

BsbctBji, (bofa'iU 

_._, .(bol/l«)''BrA"ihorri«iii;— Ihemhblo, 

BhUic, (bok'luE) ■. A kind oT bUu. 
^STcKm) 'J- IA--H. ioiiio'i.I^ojndlc 

IS pOTtflnd;— 

^ (boii'ii) n. SUfi : I 
L (Will) a. Iliivlng 
1*. (bods-la) a. lUiU 

— psUJniDg to Ibfl b«ly. 
B«£ly. (bndc-Ielailc. CDrpomllj: 

, bodi, 

[ Doaataiillana; 

t. boAy ; omponal ; 


ITOiigb 4 loop , — H pi 
die, (bail) n. An o: 
df, (bod's) n. [A. 

Iff.) "filt tnme Of I 
-t tM diatlSBUlthfld 

fluWtUHA tod atiQclan u dlBtiiiguiihed from 

oolieclivrij ; » oorponljon :— » number of lhiii(i I 

groaiiHl Icpithei ; > i^iUm :— ■ Kbd lObMuioi | 

— tbebulk;— realiWi coniittancy. 

Itdy, Cbod-t) v.(. To produM in dtOnlU , 

tbapa ; to iiobodjr j 
Bodr-ulour, (bod'frkal-tr) n. (Tolnu Uut bu 




Body-fnard, (bod'^isA^d) n. A goaid to protect 

the panon ;— any pexvoiutl defeuco. 
Body-natoher. (bod'e-aiach-«r) n. Ona who 

zoM gnTM of dead bodiea. 
Bootiaa, (b»-d'ahe-an) a. Pertaining to Boeotia, 

or to its mhabitanta ; thick : dull ; atopld. 
Bar. (bog) n. [Ix. A Gael.] A quagmire ; a 

niann: amoi 

Beg, (bog) «. t. To plunge, as in mnd and mire. 

Boggle, (bogl) V. i To exhibit hesitancy; to 

Boggy, (bog's) a. Containing boa; swampy. 

Bogle, (bo^l) n. [W. bvg.] A bogbear; a nnraeiy 

Mog-mtt (bog'dr) ». An ore of iron found in 
swampy land. 

Bog-trotter, (bog'trot^r) n. One who IItos 
in a boggy country;— applied to Irish peasants. 

Bo-hea, (bo-h^) n. [Chinese, Wu-i.] An in- 
ferior kind of black tea. 

Bohemian, (bo-he'me-an) a. Pertaining to Bohe- 
mia or its inhabitants;— pertaining to the 

Boi( (boU) V. t. [Ll bullire.'i To be agitated 
by heat or other caoae ; to effenresoe :— to be 
fenrid or excited ;— v. t. To agitate by heat :— 
to cook by boiling;— ^to Bul(ject to heat in a 
boiliog liquid. 

Boil, (boU) n. [A. -8. byU, biU, sore.] A bard, 
inflamed tumour which commonly suppurates. 

Boiler, (boil'er) n. One who boils ;— a vessel in 
which anything it boiled;— e strong metallio 
Teasel In which steam is generated. 

Boiling, (boU'ing) n. Agitation by heat ; ebulli- 
tion ;— act of subjecting to heat 

Boisterous, (bois'tcr-us) a. [O. Eng. bmstous.] 
lioud ; roaring ; — noisy; turbulent 

Boiateroualy, (bois'tcr-ns-le) adv. In a noisy, 
▼iolent manner. [noise or turbulence. 

Boisterousnesa, (bois'tcr-us-nes) n. Disorderly 

Bold, (b51d) a. rA.-a bald,] Daring: ready to 
meet danger ;— forward ; lacking modesty ur 
restraint; rude; — taking liberties in composi- 
tion or expression; — prominent: abrupt. 

Boldly, (bold'le) adv. In a bold manner. 

Boldness, (bdld'nes) n. The quality of being 
bold ; courage ; assurance. 

Bole, (bol) n. [Sw. bdl, Qm. boll] The body 
or stem of a tree ; — a measure of com. 

Bole, (bdl) n. [O. bdlos.] A fine, compact clay. 

BoU, (bol) n. The pod or capsule of a plant; 
a perioarp :— in Scotland, a measure in wheat 
and beans equal to four Winchester bushels ; of 
oats, barley, and potatoes, to six;— a boU of 
mauls 140 lbs. avoirdupois. 

BoU, (bOl) V. i. To form into a pericarp.' 

Bolster, (bdrster) n. [A.-S. bolster.] A long 
cushion — genexaUy laid under the pillows ; — 
a pod to hinder pressure ; a oompress;— «ny bag 
or support. 

Bolster, (bdl'st^r) v. t. To support with a bolster ; 
^to maintain— usually a false case, or falling 

Bolt, (bdlt) n. [A.-S. bolt,] An arrow ; a dart ; 
— a strong pin, used to iasten or hold something 
in place;— a abackle ;— twen^-oight eUs of 

Bolt, (bSlt) v.t. To secure with a bolt;— to 
restrain ; — ^to utter:— to swallow without chew- 
ing; — V. i. To start forth ; to move abruptly ; 
—to spring aside ;— to desert, as a party ;-h7. t, 
[F. bulter.] To sift ; to separate or puriiy. 

Bolt, (but) adv. With sudden ooUiaioD. 

' Bolter, (bolf er) n. One who, or that which, 

bolts ;— * sieve ; a net 
' Bolt-head, (boltlted) »i. A long glaai veasel for 
. cbemical distillations. [sifting meal 

Boltiag^min, (b61fing-mU) n. A machine for 
Bolt«opo, (bolfrop) n. A rope to whidi the 
I edgesof sails are sewed to strengthen them. 
Bohifl, (bdloa) ». [L.] A rounded mass of any 

thing medicinal; a large pilL 
Bomb, (bum) «. [O. 6osi6o<.] A noUow baU 

or i^eU of oast iron 

filled with explosive 

materials, to be dis- 
charged from a mortar. 
Bombaid, (bam-b4rd') 

v,t. To attack with 

Bombardier, (bnm-b&rd- Bomb. 

&0 ^ A person employed in throwing bombs ; 

an artiUery-man. 
Bombardment, (bum-b&rd'ment) n. An attack 

with bombs. 
Bombast, (bum'bast) n. [L. bombasium,] Cotton, 

or an^ soft mat(»ia], used as padding ;— high 

sounding language ; Aistian. 
Bombast, (bombast) a. Bombastic; high- 
sounding; inflated. 
Bombasine, (bum-ba-sbiO n. {L. 6embyz.] A 

twUled fkbrio, with a silk warp, and a wonted 

weft: — Bembaein. 
Bomb-vesael, (bnm'ves-1) n. A strong vessel, 

canying mortars to be used at sea. 
Bomb-proof, (bnm'pruOf) a. Secure against the 

force of bombs. 
Bomb-sheU, (bum'shel) ». A hoUow globe of 

iron filled with powder to be discharged from 

a mortar. 
Bombyoineus, (bum-bis'in-us) a. [L. hom.byx.'i 

Silken; of the colour of the silk-worm. 
Bona fide, (bo-na'fid-e) a. or adv. [L.] In good 

faith ;— without fraud or deception :— veritAblei 
Bonapartism, (b^'oa-p^ut-izm) n. The policy or 

manners of Bonaparte ; adherence to bis cause. 
Bon-bon, (bong'bong) %. [F.] Sugar ooofec* 

tioneiy; a sugar-plum. 
Bond, (bond) n. [A. -a bmd,] A band, tie, or 

link; — ^means of coimection or union; moral 

force or obligation :— a deed by which a petaoa 

engages to fdlfll conditions or pay moneys ; — pL 

chains; fetten; captivity. [tivity. 

Bond, (bond) a. In a state of servitude or cap- 
Bond, (bond) v. t. To give bond for; to secuzo 
Bondage, (bond'aj) n. State of being bound; — 

obligation ;— villansge (under a bond. 

Bond-debt, (bond'det) n. A debt contracted 
Bonded • warehouse, (bond'ed-wfirlious) «. A 

warehouse in whidi bonded goods are atored. 
Bondman, (bonds'man) n. A slave ;—«i surety; 

one who gives security for another. 
Bond-stone, (bond'stAn) n. A stone running 

through a waU from one &ce to another, to 

bind it 
Bond-timber, (bondtim-ber) n. Timber worked 

into a waU to strengthen it longitadinally. 
Bone, (bon)n. [A. -8. bdn, Qo. bain,] A firm, 

hard, whitish substance, composing ^e skaletoD 

in the higher orders of animals;— an integnkl 

portion of the skeleton ;— any thing made of 

bone, as castanets. [to put whale-bone into. 
Bone, (bou) v,t. To take out bones truat: — 
Bone-blaek, (bOn'blak)tk A blade oarbonaoeoua 

substance into which bones are converted. 



(bin'dHtl ». Pulverised boaai. 
(boo'ciili) n. Hie earthy xendnam 

(htelB^^ & WIthoai Iwiwt; wittkoat 



(bte'aM)*. A plant; tborooi^wQrl 

(kaYlr) Ik [O. Eng.] A tn made 
pobiie jojr Mid esnltetioii, or to 


(b6-nrt5) «. (Spi] A iUh of the 
kind, gmwiag tf> tAe length of 3 feet. 
(bamg-meryn. [F.] A witty repartee; 

(bon'nct) n. 

Ibr like bewl;— • hmi 
of m 

[F.] A Toond flat a^> 

amament worn by 

parapet eleTated to acreen 

the terre-pieiB:— «a addiUoD to a Mil >— a dome- 

tbtptd cauQig;— wwe netting orar a looomotive 

diiainnr. (protected by a bonnet. 

Benetad, (bgs'net-ed) a. Wearing a bonnet :• 

loaaiiy. (boo'ne-le) adv. Flrattily ; gayly. 

lasay, (han'oe) a. [P. 6<m, white.] Handaome ; 

; — plump; weU-fionned: — 

(bon'ten) n. A narrow woollen fiUme. 
lea Taa, (bo^toog) ik (F.] Th» height 

eftheCMhaoB: tehioaahle aoeiety. 
t»M , (byana) «. [K good.] An advantage : 

-< niiiMimn givwn lor a priTilegs ; an extra 

<!iTidaid paid oat at aocomolated praflta. 
ItB-Tsvaa^ (bdog-T€>TongO a. [F.] Alnxariooa 

brer; agMdfrUow. 
B«7. (bArne) a. Conaiating of bone: tail of 

boas ;— liariiu; large or prominent bonefc 
Bte», (b&a^m) n. [Japan, butto.} A ptieat 

of aaoy diflbraot Oriental Mctau 
B«ky. (b46lM) «. (F. boubie.} A waterfowl 

Al!«d to tita pelican, feond among the Bahama 

l^i. kc; — lAe brown gannet ;— a dunoe. 
99Qk. {bu6k) «. [A.-& 6de.] A ooUeotion of 

Aeeti Uank. written, w printed, bound to- 

pBtker ,— « literacy oonpoaUion:— a diriaioo of 

& wki—^ volame in which aeooonta axe kept. 
B«*k. (hMh) r. I. To enter in a book. 
^mk W»diTig, (bMk^iad-ing) n. Art or prao- 

nee ef biwwig booka. 
Bflok"€aae. (bMfeU^ «k A caae with ahelvoa 

Jbr faoldiag hooka. 
Iwk iakt, (bMk'det) n. A debt to gooda sold 

•ad dtatgad in the aaUai'a booka. 
Bo«kag« (Mklng) n. Act of entering dehta, 

aln^ or dkaiMa in a book. 
ttnkin "ffl««. (h66klng-of-fli) a. An ofBoe 

•Icre paaaaogns or paroela are booked, 
fcikiih, (b66k1ali) a, Qirnx to reading; told of 

Iwlr ketfinr* (bMk'kep-i&g) a. The art of 

nofding mercaDtile tzanaactioaa in a ayatomatic 

^aaaer ; tbe art of keeping aoomnta. 
T^iii ■akiiiy (b6dkinAk-fir) a. One who writea 

sad pahlidftea ;--a •yitcmatia better on hone 

(bMk'niak-ing) a. The practice 

^iMJ pohUihing hooka. 

(bAAk'flytfk) a. Something phuwd 

» % book to aaiat in todlng a page or place. 

iMkatUtr, (bdok'aal-cr) n. One who leUa booka. 

loektheU,(b66k'thelOi»- Aihelf toholdbooka. 

look-ehap, (bMk'ahop) a. A diop where booka 

tnsbid. [gale of hooka in the itreet*. 

(bdAkfatawl) «. A place to the 



n)dOk'wnxm) n. A worm or mite 

that eata holea in booka;— a atodent of booka. 
Been, (b6Am) n. [S. 6mm, D. boon.} A long 

apar oaed to extending the bottom of nila : — 

a hollow roar, aa of waToa or cannon ; the cry 

Boem, (bMm) v. u [W. bvmp.] To make a 

hoUow aooiu^ aa wairea or oannon : — to cry, aa 

the bittern :— to ocod, aa a ahip onder aaiL 
Boomeraag, (b6iOnn'er-ang) n. A mitaile weapon 

uaed by the nativoa ot Auatralia. 
Boom-ixona, (b66ml'Umz) n. pL Rfnga of iron 

attached to the yard, through which thettuddiug 

■ail boonu are projiscted. 
Been, (bo6n) a. [L. 6on««.] Gift ; grant ; pre- 

aent [A-& bin.] A prayer or petition. 
Boon, (bb6n) «. [F. 6011.] Gay ; many; Jorial ; 

— load; bountifuL 
Boor, (b60r) n. (A-S. (fAur.} A countryman; 

a peamnt ; a rude and illiterate pexaon. 
Beoriah, (bOOr'iah) a. Like a boor ; clowniah : 

Boonahneaa, (budr'iah-nea) n. Clowniahneas ; 

Boot, (bd6t) v.t. fA-8. bdt, lit] To profit; to 

adTantage : — to put boota on. 
Boot, (b66t) n. That which is given to make 

an exchange equal : profit; gain. 
Boot, (b66t) n. [V. bolU.] A oorering to the 

ibot aiid I^ :— a rack for Uie leg;— an apron to 

a carriage;— a box or receptacle in a coach. 
Beot-erimD, (bdofkrimp) n. A lait to drawing 

and ahaplng a hoot. 
Booth, (b66th) n. A ahed of boardi, or other 

alight matenala ; a tent at a fiur. 
Boot-jaek, (b66t^jak) a. An instrument for 

drawing ott boote. 

Beotleaa, (h66tlea) a. UnaTaiHng : unprofitable. 
Boet-laat, (bdbt'laat) a. An inatnuueut to 

stretch and widen the leg of a boot. 
Booty. OabHt'e) n. [F. butin.] 8poU taken la 

war, or by violence; plunder; pillage. 
Boose, (b66z) v.i. [W. 6ori.J To drink ex- 


Bo-peep, (bo-pSpO n. A play to amuse children. 
Bonoie, (bo-naik) a. Boracous; pertaining 

to, or produced fnm, borax. 
Borate, (bO'rftt) n. A aalt formed by the com- 

binatiou of boracic add with a baae^ 
Borax, (bd'raka) a. [A Mrao.] Biboimte of 

Boda : a aalt of borado add with aoda. 
Border, (bor'der) n. [A-8. bord.} The outer 

part or edge of- the limit of a place, district or 

oountiy ; rim ; ooundary. 
Border, (bor'dcr) v. t. To touch at the edge; 

to be a4jacent ; — v. t. To adorn with a border. 
Bore, (bOr) v. t [A-S. borian.] To perforate 

or penetrate; — ^to form a round hole in:— to 

weary by iteration ordulneaa ;— v. i. To pierce 

or enter by boring: — ^to be penetrated. 
Bore, (b5r) n. The hole made bji boring: the 

cavity (rf a firearm ;— one who, or that which, 

weanea by repetition or dulneaa. 
Bore, (bOr) n. [O. H. Ger. por.] A tidal flood of 

great height;— a audden influx of the tide. 
Boreal, (^re-al) a. [L. Bortaa-\ Northern; 

pertaining to tlie north wind. 
Bwr a a a, (b&'re-aa) a. A oold northerly wind ; 

the north wind. 

Borer, (bSr^cr) n. One who borea; an Instru- 
ment for bonng i^^-^k genua of woxma that pierce 

Boring, (b5rlng) n. The act of perforating: 



■pedficaUy tho act of piercinff the earUi for 
water or mineralB;— a hole made by piercing. 

Boron, (M'ron) n. An elementary subatanoe, 
nearly related to carbon. 

Borough, (bur's) n. [Ger. burg.] An incor- 
porated town : a town that aenda members to 

Borrow, (bor'6) r. t. [A.-S. borffian.] To take 
from another on trust or loan: — ^to take for 
one's own tise : to appropriate. 

Bort, (bort) n. Minute fragments of diamonds 
used for lapidanr work. 

Boscage, (bosk'ig) n. [Ger. btueh.} Wood ; under- 
wood; atliicket. 

Bosh, (bosh) n. [Ger. boMse,} Here show ; empty 
talk: noiuenae. 

Boak, (bosk) n. A thieket or small forest 

Bosky, (bosk'e) a. >Voody; bushy; ooTered 
with thickets or underwooJ. 

Bosom, (bOo'znm) il [A.-S. bdsum.] The 
breast of a human being: — ^the seat of the 
aifections ;— embrace ; — the part of the dress 
worn upon the breast 

Boaom, (bou'zum) v. t. To inclose in the bo- 
som ; to keep with caro ; — to hide from view. 

Bosphorus, (bos'fu-rus) n. A narrow strait or 
arm of the sea. 

Boss, (bus) n. [Ger. butz.] A protuberant 
onianient on any work; a stud, o knob; — 
any protuberant part 

Boss, (bos) V. t. To ornament with bosses ; to 

Bossy, (bos'se) a. Ck>ntaining bossee ; studded. 

Botanio, (bO-tan'ik) a. Pertaiuiug to plants, 
or to their study and culture. 

BotaaieaUy, (bd-toii'ik-al-le) adv. According 
to a system of reaiing or studying plants. 

Botanist, (bot'au-ist) 71. One skilled iu the 
knowledge or cultuiie of pUints. 

Botanize, (bot'an-iz) v.i. To study plants; 
speciflcadly, to seek out and search for parti- 
cular sjiecies. 

Botanv, (but'a-ne) n. [O. botane.] Tlie science 
whicu treats of the form structure, functions, 
and distribution of plants, and classifies ihem 

Botch, (bocb) n. [It bozzu.] A laige ulcerous 
affection ;^a patch of a garment ; — work done 
in a bungling manner. 

Botoh, (boch) V. t. To mend or i)erfonn in a 
bungling m&nucr :— to mark with botches. 

Bot-i^, (bot'tli) n. An insect of different specie 

Both, (both) a. & prfnu [A.-& bd.} The one and 
the other ; the two. 

Both, (both) coHj. As well as. 

Bother, (boTH'sr) r. t. To tease or perplex. 

Botheration, (boTH-sr-il'shuii) n. Annoyance: 
trouble. [servants. 

Bothy, (both'e) n. A hut or kitchen fur farm 

Bottle, (bot'l) n. [F. bauteilie.l A hollow 
Tessel with a narrow mouth for holding lit^uors : 
— tho contents uf a bottle ;— a bundle of hay. 

Bottle, (bot'i) V. t. To inclose in bottles. 

Bottle-giasa, (Ixitl-glas) n. A coarse green gloss. 

Bottling, (bottling) n, Tlie act of putting wine or 
other liquid into bottles. 

Bottom, (bot'nm)n. [A.-S. botm.] The lowest 

r-t of any thing :~that upon which a thing 
founded: foundation: base;— the keel of a 
vessel, the vessel itself ;— power of endurance; 
stamina :^4iegs or grounds. 
Bottom, (bof um) v. t To found or build ;—r. t. 
To be nised ; to rc^t upon. 

Bottom-^ade, (bof om-gUd) n. . A low glade ; a 

valley; a dale. 
Bottom-land, (bot'um-Uuid) n. Low land fonned 

by alluvial depoeita along a river. 
Botfcomleaa, (bot'nm-les) a. Without a bottom ; 

hence, fathomless. 
Bottonuy, (bofom-re) n. A oontract by which 

a ship IS bound as security for money adv&noed 

for its use. (room, usually a lady's. 

Boudoir, (bM'dw&r) n. [F.] A small private 
Bough, (bow) n, [A.-& boga.] An aim or 

large branch of a tree. 
Bought, (bawt) ti. A twist or knot : a bend. 
Bougie, (bOo'EhS) n. [F.] A long flexible 

instrument that is introduced Into the urethia, 

&C. (vegetables. 

Bouilli, OMYyt) n. [F.] Meat stewed with 
Bovaerard, (buOl'var) n. (P.] A rampart;— a 

street or promenade planted with trees. 
Bousee, (bonns) v.i. (D. 6onsm.) To leap 

or spring suddenly:— to beat or thump:— to 

boast or bully ;— r. t. To drive ogainst suddeo ly 

and violently; to Jerk. 
Bounce, (bouns) n. A sudden leap or boimd ; 

—a heavy, sudden, blow or thump. 
Bouncing, (bouns'iug) a. btout; plump and 

heslthy ; lusty. 
Bound, (bound) «i. (Arm. bonn.] External 

or limiting line of any object or space ; eonflue; 


Bound, (bound) n. A leap ; a spring : a Jump. 
Bound, (bound) v. t. To limit ; to terminate ; 

— to restrain ; to circumscribe ; — v. t. To leap: 

to Jump : — ^to rebound, as a ball. 
Bound, (bound) a. Destined; going, or intend- 
ing to go, d:c. 
Boundary, (bonnd'a-re) n. A border or limit ; 

— tlmt which indicates or fixes a limit: a 

visible mark ; a march line. 
Bonnden, (bound'en) «. (From bind.] Made 

obligatory; imposed as a duty ; binding. 
Boundless, (bound les) a. Without bo«inds or 

confines; infinite. 
Boundlessnesa, (boundTeo-nes) n. The state of 

being limitless. (f^reely ; generoua. 

Bounteous, (boun'te-ns) a. Disposed to give 
Bounteously, (boun'te-us-le) adv. LibenOly: 

generotisly. (munifi«enc9e. 

BounteouanesB, (boun'te-us-nes) n. Liberality; 
Bountiful, (boun'te-fOul) a. Free in giving^; 

munificent ; generous. (manner. 

Bountifully, (bouute-f06Me) <i(?v. In a bountiful 
Bounty, (bouu'te) n. [L. Oonn*.] Guodiiess ; — 

libemlity ; munificence ; — a premium offered or 

given to encourage some object 
Bouquet, (buu'kA)n. [P.] A nosegay: a bnnch 

of flowers ; — an agreeable periume or aromsktic 

Bourgeois, (bnr'Jois) n. A small kind of type. 

iu sixe between long primer and brevier. 

(BourgeoiB t}'pe.) 

Bourgeoia.(bddr'Ju6-wa)n. [F.] A master-trsules- 

man ; a French citizen. 
Bourgeon, (bui'jun) v.i. [P. 6ott»^onn<r.] To 

put fortli buds ; to shoot forth, as a branch. 
Bourn, (bOni, b06ni) n. (F. borne.] A bonnd : 

a limit;— a stream or rivtilet; a bum;— fl^rura.- 

lively, death. 

Bourse, (bOois) n. (F.] The exchange. 
Bout, (bout) n. A conflict; contest; trial :~,.^j« 

much of an action as is peiibnned at one time ; 

A turn. 

(bA^via) g, {U to*.] Ferteiniog to 

Oov) fX IA.-& Myan.) To Und; to 
«d or ouTcd ;— to indiuo tb« bead 
or bodj ;— I* aibdiM or aurii ; — v.*. To bend 
or iMJnt thraoch deference or respect}— to 
7icU t» Am :— to aink tuider pHware. 
Mm, (bam' u. An ineUnatiou of tlie bead, or 
bodj :— «h roonded part of a ship forward. 
Sfv, (W) m. Asy tbiDg bent, or in tana of a 
axr« :— >a veapon., lar means of wbkb an arrow 
u prvpdkd ;--a fiddle^Akk. 
Bgg-ftasm, (bydias tw) *•. Tlie gnns pointed 
from tb« bows of a diip of war. 
iff WW wmyawea. (bd'knm-posHiz) n. pL A pair 
nf namnaafs, mmiahrrt wiib a bow-pen. 
Bmr-UO. (bo'dill) n. A drill worked by a bow 

Bewd. (bow'el) «. (L. boUllut.] One of the 
iatertmes of an animal ; an entrail ; — the in- 
terior part .-^pL the seat of pity ; compaanon. 
Bevel, (bow'cl) r.a. To eviscerate. 
Bract, (bow cr) it. One who bows or b«ids ;— 
an aa^or carried at the bow. 
Bratr. (bow'fr) n. [A.-6. Mr.] A chamber — 
aooTcnd place in a yaden ; an arboor. 
Bewtiy, (bow^cr-e) e. Corering, as a bower : 
eontauuns bowers. 

Bewis-kjn6, (bdVnif) n. A peculiar kind of 
kaife. oaaed from Ita inrentor, CoL Bowie. 
Bewiaf, (bdlag) si. Inclination i^the ait of 
badliBf the bow. 

Bowl, (bol) a. (A.-S. botla.] A ooDcaTe Teasel 
to hokl liqoors :— the hollow part of any thing; 
—a ball asad ior rolling ^on a leTel sorface in 

Jevt (bol) 9. t. To Ton, MM a bowl ;— v. i. To 
Ji*j with bowfta ;— to moTe rapidly like a ball. 
BswUar, (border) n. A bu^e roandiah pebble : 
~« Biaaa of rock transported bj natoml agencies 
txtm its B«tive bed : ^Iso Beudar. 

(bdl«9d)a. HaviiiE crooked 1<^. 
(bfifc') *• One who playa at bowls ; — 
ne who detivera the balls at the 



(bfilin) n. A rope naed to keep the 
edge of the sail tight forward. 

r, (bdf ing-al-Ie) a. A covered place 
fcrjJayingat bowls. 

Bewfiag fi^win, (bofing-grCn) n. A lerel piece 
«f gnrand kept smooth lor bowling. 
Bewaaa, (bfr'mao) a. An archer. 
Bfv-«et, (bd'net) n. A eontxivance for catching 

(bow'dr) a. The oar naed by the bow- 
aua m a boat ;— one who rowa at the bow. 
Bow p e a , (bo pen) «. A metallic ruling-pen, 
W««d eat toward the middle. 
B ee u a w . (bowsaw) n, A saw with a narrow blade 
«^ for cnttang cnrved forms from wood. 
Bewse, (bows) v. t. lo poll with one accord. 
Bow^tet, (boafaot) a. The apace which an arrow 
Baj paaa when abot from a bow. 
BeWapiiH, (bO'spnt) n. A spar which prpjects 
over the stem of a Tcsael, to cany sail forward. 
Bee rtiiag^ (bd^string) a. The string of a bow ; 
—a strbif need hf ue Tnrks for strangling. 
(bo'string) v.r. To strangle, 
r, (bd win-do) n. A window pro* 
in a corred or roniided form. 

I) N. |A.-8. boz.] A small wooden 
ose er chest, naed to pack or preserve goods, 
te. i— the cDOtcata of the chest or case 

inctooed space with seats in a plaoe of amnae- 

ment ;— the driver's seat ;— a present. 
Bea^ (boks) n. A shnib flooriahing in diibreat 

parte of the globe. 
sea, (boks) a. (O. pux, fist.] A blow on the 

head or ear with the hand. 
Bos, (boks) v.t. To inclose in a box ;— to fur- 
nish with boxes ;— to strike with the hand or 

flBt ;— v.t. To fight with the fist 
Boxer, (boks'^r) n. One who fights with his 

fist :— « pugilist. 
Bozinff-daj, (boks'ing-d&) n. < The day after 

Christmas when gifts are given. [box. 

Box-tree, (boka'tre) n. The tree variety of the 
Box-wood, (boks'w66d) n. The wood of the 

box-tree, very hard and amooth. 
Boy, (boy) a. [Oer. Uube.] A male child, frotti 

birth to the age of puberty ; a lad. 
Boyhood, (boy'bAOd) a. State or a boy. 
Boyish, (boy'iah) a. Resembling a boy in 

mannera or opinions : childish; puerile. 
Boyishly, (boy^ish-le) adr. In a boyish manner. 
Boyishness, ibo/iah-neB) n. banners or be* 

havionr of a boy. 
Brace, (br&a) n. [L. brachtum.] A prop or 

aopport : that which holda any thing tightly 

or firmly;— a vertical curve utie connecting 

words or lines; — a pair; a couple;— a thiok 

strap;— a rope at the end of a yard, by whidi 

it is turned;— ;p^ straps that sustain pantaloons, 

Brace, (brSa) v.t To furaiali with braces; 

to anpport ; — to tighten ;— to move round by 

braceii ; — to nerve oue'a self. 
Bracdet, (brialet) n. An ornament for the 

wrist ;— a pieoe of defensive 

armour for the arm. 
Brach, (brak) n. {¥ braque.] 

A bitch of tne hound kind. 
Brachial, (brak'e-al) a. [L. 

brachium,,] BelongUig to the 

arm ; — of the nature of an Bracelet. 

arm. [of tension. 

Bradag, (brfiVing) n. Act of tightening ; atate 
Bracken, (brak'en) »«. A coarse species of fern. 
Bracket, (brak'et) a. [F. braquet.] A small 

projecting support fastened to a wall or other 

eurface ; one of two hooks [ ], used to indoae 

a reference, explanation, note, &c. 
Bracket (brak'et) v. (. To plaoe within or con- 
nect bjr brackeis. 
Bracketing, (brak'et-ing) n. A aeries of ribs or 

brackets for supporting cornices, iic. 
Brackish, (brak'i»h) a. |Ger. brack.] Saltish, or 

ealt in a moderate degree, aa water. 
Brackiahness, (bxak'iw-nea) n. Quality of being 

Bract, (brakt) n. [L. broctea.] A nuall leaf, 

from the axil of which a flower proceeds. 
Bracteal, 0>r>kt'e-a]) a. Forniahed with bracts. 
Brad, (brad) n. [Dan. braad, prick.] A nail 

without a head. 
Brar, (brag) r. i. [Ger. praehen.'^ To boast ; to 

praiae on^a aelf in an oetentatious manner. 
Brag, (brag) n. A bosst or bossting ;— the 

thing boasted of ;— a game at carda. 
Brsggut, (brag'art) n. Aboaater; a vain 


Biaggaxti (brag'art) o. Boastlbl ; ostentatious. 
Brahma, (br&'ma) n. [Skr.] The first person 

in the trinity of the Hindoos : the creator. 
Brahmin, (bra'min) n. A person of the upper or 

saoerdotai caste among the Hindoos. 




BnkBdDim, (bri'taitn-lzm) n. The religion or 
doctrines of the Brahmins. 

Braid, (brtd) v. t [A.-B. bredan.] To weate or 
entwine together ; to plat 

Bxaid, (brfid) n. A cord, band, or tape, formed 
by wearing together diiferent strands. 

Bzmilt (brfil) n. (L. braeea.] A piece of leather 
to bind up a hawk's wing ;— pf. ropes to haul 
np sails, for the more ready AirJing of tbem. 

Brail, (brSLl) v. t. To haul np by brails. 

Bnin, (bran) n. [A.-S. brupen.] The whitish 
soft mass which ooonpiee the upper cavity of 
the skull ;— the centre of sensation and per- 
ception;— the understsuding ; — the antcoior 
aanglion in ioTertebrates. 

Brain, (br&n) v. t. To dash out the brains of. 

Brain-fever, (br&n'fe-yfir) n. An inflammation 
of the brain. 

Brainless, (brftnles) a. Without understanding. 

Brain-siok, (brftn'sik) a. Disordered in the 

Braird, (br&rd) n. The first sprouting of grain. 

Brake, (brfik) h. [L. Ger. orakt.] A fern of 
diiforent genera ;— a place overgrown with 
shrubs : a thicket. 

Brake, (br&k) n. [From the root of break.] 
An instrument to break flax or hemp ; — the 
handle by which a pomp or flre-engine is 
worked ;— an indosure for norses ; — a curricle 
to train them ^-a harrow ; — the mechanism by 
which an engine is made to turn or stop. 

BriJcy, (brftk'e) a. Full of brakes; thorny. 

Btamsh-press, (bra'ma-pres) n. A hydrostatic 
machine for compressing goods and raising 

Bramble, (bram'bl) n. [A.-S. brimbtl.] A 
species of the genus Ruinu; a rough prickly 

ftamblr, (bram'ble) a. Full of brambles. . 

Bran, (bran) n. [F. A Sp. bren.} The husk or 
outer coat of the seed of wheat or other grain ; 
— refuse of flour or meal. 

Braaeh, (bransb) n. [F. branehe.] A limb ; a 
bough growing fhmi a stem, or ftom another 
bough :— a ramification ;— a section or sub- 
divisiou ;— a line of descent. 

Branoh, (bransk) v. i. To shoot or spread ; to 
ramify ;— to divide into parts ;— to cUTexge ; — 
V. t. To divide as into branches. 

Braaehial, (branglce-al) a. [0. braffcMon.] Per- 
taining to, or performed by gills, as of fishes. 

Branehiopoda, (brang^e-o-pods) n. pL [O. 
bmgehion, potu.] An order of Crustacea, 

£neially very minute. 
ladiless, (branah'les) o. Without branches 

or shoots : without product or offspring. 
Branchlet, (bnnshlet) n. A little branch. 
Branehy, (bransh'e) a. Full of branches. 
Brand, (brand) n. [A. -8. brand, beomanj] A 

burning or partly burned piece of wood ;— a I 

sword ;— an iron used for burning a mark on, 

as a cask, or a criminal:— quality; kind: stigica. 
Brand, (brand) r. t. To imprees with hot 

iron ^-to fix a stamp or mark on; to stigmatize^ 
Biand-foose, (brand'gdOs)ji. A wild goose. 
Braadied, (bran'did) a. Flavoured with brandy. 
Biaadinfiroa, (brand'ing-I-um) n. An iron 

used to brand with. 
Brandish, (brand'iah) v. (. [From brand.] To 

wave, as a weapon : to shake or flourish. 
Brandish, (brand'iah) a. A flourish as with a 

weapon, whip, tc 
^vadliag, (brandling) n. A small red worm. 

Brand-new, (hrand'nfl) a. (^uite new. 
B^uldria^ (bran'dxith) a. [F. btxmdir.} A 

rail or fence around a well. 
Brandy, (bran'de) n. [O. Eng. brondirvne.] 

An ardent spirit distilled from wine. 
BranrlA, (brang'g]) n. [Russ. bran.] A squabble. 
Braarie, (brang'gl) v. i. To wrangle ; to dispute. 
Brank, (brangk) n. [Probably of Celtic origin.] 

Buckwheat r— a bridle for scolds. 
Branlfa, (branlin) n. A fish of the salmon 

kind, called Jlngry, from several stripes on ito 

Brash, (bradi) a. [Qtt. baneh.] Hasty in 

temper ;— brittle. [boughs of trees. 

Bzaah, (brash) n. A rash or eruption ^^refnse 
Brass, (bras) n. [A.-S. bra«.1 A yellow alloy of 

copper and zinc ;~impndenoe ;—pl. articles 

made of brass ;~brBSs efiSgies cut on tombs. 
Braaae, (bras) n. [A. -8. bear*.] The pale spotted 

perch. [piece. 

Braaset, (bras'set) n. An iron or steel head- 
Braaa-foil, (braa'foil) n. Brass-leaf, formed by 

beating out plates of brass to great thinness. 
Braaqr, (bras'e) a. Pertaining to brass ; hard as 

brass ; the colour of brass ;— impudent. 
Brat, (brat) n. [A.-& bratt.] A child, so called 

in contempt. 
Bravado, (brsrvl'do) n. [Sp. bravada.] An 

arrogant boast or brag ;— a boasting fellow. 
Brave, (brSv) a. [F. brar^.] Courageous ; dar- 
ing;— uniting boldness with generosity and 

dignity ;— noble. 
Brave, (br&v) n. A brave person : an Indian 

warrior : — a boast or defiance. 
Brave, (brSv) vX To encounter with fortitude : 

to set at defiance ; to dare. 
Bravely, (brftvie) adv. Courageously ; gallantly. 
Braveiy, (brav'cr-e) n. Courage ; fearlesancA ; 

undaunted spirit ;— ostentation :— finery. 
Bravo, (bra'vo) n. A daring vUliau ; 

Bravo, (br&'vo) interj, Welldmiel expressive 

of applause. [florid graces. 

Bravura, (bra-vu6'ta) n. [It.] An air with 
Brawl, (brawl) v. t. [F. braiUer.] To quanel 

noisily;— to roar, as water. 
Brawl, (brawl) n. A noisy quarrel. * 

Brawn, (brawn) n. [0. H. Ger. brdto.] The 

flesh of a boar ; — ^fnll strong muscles ; muscular 

strength ;— pork salted and spioed. 
Brawny, (brawn'e) a. Having strong muscles. 
Bray, (bra) v. t. [F. brayer.] To pound or 

grind small ;— v. t. To utter a hanh cry, as an 

ass. [any grating sound. 

Bray, (bra) n. The harsh sound of an aas ; 
Brayer, (br&'cr) n. An instrument fur mixLug 

or spreading ink. 
Braae, (bras) v. (. [F. brasir.] To solder or 

oover with an alloy of brass and zinc. 
Brazen, (brft'zn) a. Pertaining to or made of 

brass ;— impudent. (defiant front. 

Brazen, (brft'zn) v. i. To fiice out ; to put on a 
Braiea-fiuwd, (brft'zn-filst) a. Impudent ; shaxuo- 

Biaziar, (bri'i^er) «. An artificer in brass ; 

— a pan to hold live coals :— aometlmes Braaicr. 
Braail-nut, (Inra-zil'nut) a. The nut of a Iat^o 

South American fruit-tree. 
Braiilwood, (brapzil'wdOd) n. [Pg. brasa.] A 

heavv tropiod wood, used for dyeing ted. 
Breaeh, (brCch) a. [F. bricht.] Act of breaking, 

or state of being broken; rupturej; — the gap 

made by breaking; chaim;— a violation of 

,'«. (WtklJ) ■. AbniUiw;-iuisllaw- 

fl- ihinci wbkfln Lb tAiiqHrtatioiL 

' L, tbnk'doiTD) n. Act dT tnakiiii 

1 11— > . OiTMrt) nf. Tomaet with Uh biwt; 

AuJaUj to omKVB or ■tevol* ^^iut. i 
.>■■■> I 111. (bnM'liiD) IL Ills bona to which 

(bi libi uvUtachad ; Iha •Urniini. 

IimK IH>, (tHnCdtp) n. A*highU,(FTIHdl- 

Tii Milii.'c II rliml I Tha cnmd cbiDDsl in 
t) H. A knot of ribboiu 

baiaf biwthivv ' 

baiaf biwl 

of Um bodjr :— tba ht 

(brtch) r, t To put in 


Ji l>n«hiiu. I 

ttich'u) K.pL IA--S. frr«.J Ag&r- | 

(bHch'intVn. Tbi hunw vhidi 
id the bnach of n hcrae ;— « rtroiie 

J breech '"****^ of bj tha 
IA.-8. Ar^drin.] To begat; to 

:;— to Inatract;— 

brim] AUghtwlBd;— 
of IhUdc ; ■ qunoL 
■a-Or, (bif ^Si) n. (A.-S-MoklI Aflfof 
oui ipecla ;— the EMl-flr : tha bot-K}. 

lalau. (bifzla) a. Bua : aim. 

Bnnj. (bto'a) n. FuDad with nnUawindi; | 
— aipo*«l to rrvquent chuigaa of lir. , 

BranI, (bianlji. A bnod-iDoae. 
Brent, (bnnt) & Burnt ;^-hlgh ; it«ap. 


(brert'mm-mer) n. A beam 
placed lH«ut-wiM to sapport a walL 

ttcdtfen, (broTH'rai) n. pi. In aolenm and 
•criptoral language naed in the place of brotkerg. 

Bi«ve, (farey) n. [L. 6rrvu, ahortj A note 
equTalent to two aemibreTes, or four minims 
C3 :— « brief ;— « mark l*^] to indicate the short 
quantity of a voweL 

3rt!9titf Oyn-yet) n. [F.] A royal warrant ; — 
a commission which entitles to an honuraiy 
xmuk. [upon. 

Breret, (bre-'vet') v. t. To confer rank or title 

Brariajry, (bri've-ar-e) it. (L. bmis.] A oom- 
pend; or summary;— a book containing the 
daily seirice of the Roman Cathohc and Greek 

Breriar, (bre-TCrO n« A printing type in size 
between bourgeois and minion. 

(Brevier type.) 

B i ev lp ed, (brev'e-ped) a. [L. brevh, pes.] Har- 
ing snort legs, as certain birds. 

Breripennate, (brsT'e-pen-at) a. [L. brevity 
penna.] Short- wingetL 

Breritr, (brev'e-te) n. [h. brerU] Shortness of 
duration :— conciseness in words. 

Brew, (br06) r. r. [A.S. brtovan.] To boil or 
seethe ; — to prepare a liquor from malt, hops, 
or other materials, by steeping, boiling, and 
fermentation : — to contrive ; to plot ; — v. i. To 
perform the business of brewing ; — ^to be in a 
state of preparation ; to be impending. 

Breir,(br6u) n. The liquid compound made by 
mingling and boiling. 

Brewery, (broOf'cr-c) n. The building and ap- 
paratus for brewing. 

Brewing, (brOu'ing) n. The process of preparing 
liquors from malt and hope, d(&:— the quantity 
brewed at once. 

Briarean, (bri-&'rB-an) 0. Pertaining to Briareus; 
many handed. 

Bribe, (brib) n. fP. brib(.] A gift, place, or 
favour offered or bestowed, with a view to in- 
fluence the judgment and conduct ; — allure- 

Bribe, (brib) r. f. To influence or corrupt by 
gifts :— to gain over by favours. 

Bribery, (brib'cr-e) n. Act of giving or receiving 
favours corruptly or illegally. 

Brick, (brik) »». (Armor. p»i, clay.] Clay and 
sand tempered with water, moulded into regu- 
lar forms, dried in the sun, and burnt ;--^ 
loaf shaped like a brick. 

Brick, (brik) v. t. To lay or pave with bricks. 

Brickbat, (briklnt) n. A piece of a brick. 

Briek-kihi, (briklcil) n. A kUn in which bricks 
are baked or burnt. C^ith bricks. 

Briok-layer, (brik'ia-fr) n. One who builds 

Brick-work, (brik'wurk) n. A structure of 

Briek-yard, (brik'yard) n. A place where bricks 
are made. 

Bridal, (brid'al) a. [Trom bride.] Belonging 
to a bride or to a wedding ; nui^tial. 

Bridal, (brid'al) n. Ohe nuptial festival; 

Bride, (brid) n. (A-S. bryd,] A woman m- 
oentlv married;— « woman contracted to be 

BridtHsaka, (bridliikk) n. Cake made for the 
guests at a wedding. 

"lambar, (brid'cham-bcr) n. The nuptial 

BzidegTOom, (brid'gr66m) n. [A-Sl bryd and 

ffuma.] A man newly married, or about to be 

Brid«a>maid, (bndz'mSd) n. A woman who 

attends on a bride at her wedding. 
Bridewell, (brid'wel) n. A house of correction. 
Bridge, (brij) n. [A. -8. brjtcff.] A structure 

erected over a water-comae, ravine, nilroad, or 

the like; — a support for the strings of a riolin; 

the bony part of the nose, Ac. 
Bridge, (br\J) v. t To build a bridge over; to 

connect : to lessen the distance between. 
Bridgang-joiat, (brjj'ing-Joist) n. A Joist sna- 

tained by transverse beams below— « bindtHg- 

Bridle, (brTdl) n. [A -8. bndel] An instru- 
ment with which a hone is governed; — a 

curb ; a check ; — part of a gun-lode ;— a short 

cable with a swiveL 
Bridle, (briMl) v. t. To put a bridle upon ;— to 

guide or govern; to curb or control; — r. f. 

To hold up the head, and draw in the diin, as 

in pride or resentment 
Bridoon, (bifdOun) n. [F. bridon.] The anaflle 

and rein of a military bridle. 
Brief, (bref) a. [L. 6rrvu.] Short in dura- 
tion :— short in expression ; concise. 
Brief, (bref) n. A ahort writing ; a statement 

in few wozxli ; — an abridgment of a client's case 

for instruction of counsel;— a writ 
Briefleaa, (brefles)a. Having no brief ; without 


BritBjt (brffle) etdv. Concisely ; in <ew words. 
Briefaeaa, (bref nes) n. Shortness ; oondseneai 

in discourse or writing. 
Brier, (bri'cr) n. [A-8. brcn*.] A prickly plant 

or shrub ;— the sweet-brier and the wild-brier, 

species of the rose :— «l80 Briar. 
Briery, (bri'cr-e) a. Full of briers ; thorny. 
Brig, (brig) n. (Abbreviation of brigantiiu.} A 

vessel with two masts, 

Brigade, (brig'ad) n. [F. 

iVom brigve, quarrel.] A 

division of troops com- 
manded by a genenl 

officer, and consisting pf 

a number of regiments or 


Brigade, (brigHd) r. t. To ibrm into a brigade. 
Biigadier-general, (brig'a-der-jen'cr-al) n. The* 

officer who commands a brigade, in rank next 

below a major-general :-HB;enendly Brigadier. 
Brigand, (brig'and)n. [Y. brigand.] A lawless 

fellow who Uves by plunder; a robber : a hi^- 


Brigandage, (brig'and-!^) it. Theft: plunder. 
Brigantme, (brig'an-tin) n. [F.] A light, two- 
masted vessel without a deck. 
Bright, (brit) a. {A-b. beorhU] Shining; s^iark- 

linR ;— transparent ; clear; evident or manifest; 

—illustrious ;— having mental activity ; quick : 

keen ;— cheerful ; radiant 
Brighten, (brit'n) r. (. To make bright or 

brighter;— to illumine;— to make dieerfti] ; — 

to make acute ; — v. i. To grow bright^ or moro 

bright ;— to clear up. 

Brightly, (britae) adt). Splendidly; rividlr. 
Bri|^htneaa, (brit'nes) n. The quality of being 

bright; — aeuteness; sharp orrndywit 
Brill, (bril) n. A fish like the Turbot, much 

esteemed as food. 
Bxfllianoy, (bril'yan-ie) fi. Great biightnees. 





Onr^iat) a. [P. hriUer.} 8put- 
laite : giittcnn9;--«|>lai]did: •h&ing. 
(kcO'^iat) «^ A diaDMnid oa^with 
the Ughi in a spnUlng nuuuMr. 
(teil>sat-lfe) adv. Spteadid^ : 

lna.(Wfli|jL fA.-& frrymaie.] Bimorlmder 
_of Aa/ thing; edge or nuugin. 

(HmB) V. A. To be fUl to the teim. 
a. Fall to the brim, 
r, (brijir'fir) 9. A cup ftill to the brim, 
(bnarln^ a. Full to the teim; 

(brim'ette) n. fA.-a &ry>M.} A 
, inflemmahln ■abetanoe, of a lemon 




a. {A,-S. bjfrnan.] 

etreeked; tabbj. 

, (brijKfld) a. Spotted; Tariegated. 
,(bite)m. (A.-Sl drjmc] Water impreg- 

aaied vith alt;— the oooaa or iea;— tears, ao 

«Blkd ftm their mltneii. 
Baae-pea er Briae-pit, (brin'paD) n. A pit 

fer fonB&Bg odt by ew ap oiation. 
Xriag. (tari^) «. C (A-S. frriN(ra«.] To cany; 

(o fei^: to ooavey from one pema or plaoe 

to soother; — todmwin; toinonoe. 
^■^'tIi, (b ffiulri i) 4e. Like brine; a^f^Th 
Inak, (briagk} n. [Bul] Bdge or margin of a 

««Bpplaoe,eeof apfedpioe: Terge. 
Idar, (brin'e) a. Pertaining to the sea ; aalt. 
^aak, (briek) «<. [W. frrya) FoU of liveUnen 

«ad aeCivi^: — Atll of qiint or lift:— effearTeaetng. 
Ifiikit, (bralCet) n. [F. briduL] The brawt 

«f«iiaaaBal,orthat part that lies next to the 

rJ«. [spirit 

SnaUy. (bnakla) adf. AetireW ; with life and 
BhiwaB^ (bridc'Des) «. liTeliiMas: Tivacity; 

>nstia, (btWal) i*. [ASl 6n«eL] A short. stilT, 
of swine;— a species of pabes- 

I'el) V. L To erect the briitles of; 

—to fix a taristie to ;— r. i To rise or stand 

«Kct, like bdstJes;— to raise the heed and 

Skaiij, (bria^) a. Thick aet with bristles, or 

*i«h Tiwighliair; Herosi 
Sctalal^baasd, (brie'tol-bdrd) n. A pasteboard 

with a aBkooth and sometimea j^aated surfhoa. 
Irf aa lh t ie k , (taria'tol-farik) n. A briok used 

BnrtBl a fM i i , (brfs'tot-stSn) n. Rock cxystal, or 
^gys taJaofgoagt^ fbond near BritM. 
BiJawaia latal, <bKe-taB'ne*»-met'al) i«. A 
Tm<afKr eu u iputt pd or alloy of tin. 
Irita— le, (bce-toDlk) a. Pertainlag to Britain, 
ia Its pccaent oee to Oraei Britain. 
&4tmh, (fariClah) a. Pertaining to Great Britain 
cr Its inhabitanta. (piMt Britain. 

(britTiab-Ii-iin) «. The emblem of 
, fbrxfon) a. An inhabitant of Britain. 
,(Mta) a. [A-a 6r«otoi(.] Eaaily broken; 
H<«tolKeak; tegUe. 
■rmlfeaa^ Qgitl-nq^ «. FogiUty. 
inaak, <btiocli) n. [F. 6rodk«.] Aspit :— a tool 
af aieri Ibreouvging holes in metal : — a brooch. 
Issa^ (farScb) v. f. To punos. as with a spit ; — 
to tap, ae a eaik ;~heao^ to let oat ; — Co open, 
t;— to make publie ; to give out. 
(himwd) a. [A-ll ^rtfd.) Wide; ex- 

tended from aide to side ;— dilRiaed ;— compre* 

houdTe; ooane; groaa 
BroadHUEe, (biawd'aka) n. An axe with a broad 

edge;— an ancient militaiy weapon. 
Broad-brim, (brawdOirim) it. A hat like thoea 

worn bj the FManda or Qoakera ;— a Quaker. 
Breadaaat, (bmwdluat) a. Diepexsed with the 

hand, aa aeed in aowing ;— widely apread or 

Broad Ghnreh, (teawd'chuTch) n. An in- 

flnential portion of the Church of England hold- 
ing liberal Tiewa of doetrine and fellowahip. 
Breaddoth, (brawdldoth) n. A fine woollen 

cloth tat men'a garmenta. 
Broaden, (brawiTn) v.t. To grow broad :~r.f. 

To make broad or oomprehenaiTe. 
Broad-cuage, (brawd'gih) n. A wide distanoe 

(nsnaUy 6 or 7 feet) between the rails on a 

railway. [atoly broad. 

Broadiah, (brawdlsh) a. Bather broad: moder- 
Broadly, Cbrawdae)0dv. Widely: generally. 
Broadness, (bmwd'ncs) n. Extent from side to 

side ; laige width. 
Broad-penaaatr (brawd'pen-ant) ». A oom- 

modors's flag. 
Broed-aeal, (brawd'sei) n. The public seal 

of a ooon^ or state. 
Broadside, (brawd'sid) «. The outer side of a 

ship abore the water;— a discharge of all the 

guns on one side of a ship at the same time ; 

— a paper printed on one side only. 
Broaoawora, (brawd's<^-d) n. A aword with a 

broad blade and a cutting edge: — Scot, clajf- 

Brocade, (brO-kOdO n. [It. luroccart.^ Silk 

stuff rariegated with gold, silrer, or flowezs, &c. 
Brocaded, (br6-kad'ed) a. Worked, as braoade ;— 

dreaaed in brocade. (of cauliflower. 

Broccoli, (brok'o-le) n. [It. frroeeoto.] A Tariety 
Broahnre, (ted-sh^Ox') n. [F. brocher.] 4 

printed and stitch«d work ; a pamphlet. 
Brook, (brok) n. [A -8. 6roc.l A badger. 
Brooket, (biok'ct) n. A red deer two years old. 
Brod, (brod) v. <. [IceL 6rodd.] To prick ; to 

probe; to spur; toindtei 
Brogue, (br6g) n. [Ir. k. Gael, hreg.] A stout, 

ooane shoe;— a corrupt dialect or prununciation. 
Broider, (broid'er) v. t. [F. broder.] To adorn 

with figured needle-work. 
Broil, (broil) n. [Celtic origin.] A noliy quarrel ; 

contention between individuals or in the state ; 

tumult; altercation. 
Broil, (broil) v. t. To drees or oook over coals 

or on a gridiron ;— v. i. To be subjected to 

heat ; to perspire through heat. 
Broke, (brdk) v.i. To transact busineas fbr 
Broken, (brOlm) a. [From break.] Vanitd by 

-violence ;— weak ; infinn:— subdued ; contrite. 
Broken-hearted, (br6-kn'hjft^) a. Cnuhed by 
grief or deapoir. [rupted nuuuier. 

Brokenly, (brftlm-le) adv. In a broken, intor- 
Braken-winded, (brdltn-wind-ed) o. Having 
short or discvdered respiration. 
Broker, (brdlc(r) n. [O. £ug- drocotir.] One 
who tiansaoto busineas for another. 
Brdunge, (br&lccx^iy) n. The business of a 
broker;— the tse or commission for acting as 

Bronia, (bro'ma) «. {G. drffma, food.] Aliment: 
— a ohoools4« preparation flrom cocoa. 
Bromide, (brymid) n. A compound of bromine 
with a metallic or combustible baask 




Brominef (brd'min) n. [O. br6mo$.] One of the 

elemento, related to chlorine and iodine. 
Bronchial, (bronglce-al) a. Belonging to a 

bronchia or the windpipe. 
Bronohitit, (brong-ki'tis) n. An inflammation 

of the bronchi or tubee which convey air to the 

Bronohotomj, (brong-kot'5-me) n. [G. brongehos 

and tomi.] An incision into the windpipe or 

larynx, v 
BroBie, (bronx) n. [It. brunOt brown.] An alloy 

of copiMr with tin or dnc ;~a statue, medal, 

or other woric of art cast in bronze;— a brown 

Bronze, (broni) v.t. To give the appearaaoe of 

bronze ; to make brown ;— to harden. 
Brooch, (brdch) n. An ornament in Taiious 

forms, with a pin or loop for attaching it to 

a garment. 
Brood, (brMd) v. t. [A -8. br6d.] To sit on and 

ooTor eggs or young, as a fowl ; — ^to remain 

in anxious thought; to muse;— v.t. To sit 

over and cherish. 
Brood, (brOOd) n. Offlpring; progeny ;—tiiat 

which is bred pr produced. 
Brook, (brMk) n. [A.-B. 61^.] A small natural 

stream or current : a rivulet. 
Brook, (brd6k) v. t. [A.-S. br&can,] To bear; 

to endure ; to suffer insult or injnty. 
Brooklet, (brMklet) n. A small brook. 
Brooky, (brdOk'e) a. Abounding with little 

streams or rivulets. , 
Broom, (bnMm) n. {A.-S. bi-dnt.] A genus of 

legumbious plants t— a besom or brush. 
Broomstick, (brOOm'stik) n. The handle of a 


Broomy, (br6dmlb) a. Full of broom. 
Brose, (br6z) n. A Scotch dish made by pouring 

a hot Uquid over oat meal or pease meaL 
Broth, (broth) n. {A.H.crwthA Water in which 

flesh luM been boiled with vegetables or herbs, 

and barley or rioe. [ill-&me. 

Brothel, (broTH'el) n. {V. bordel] A house of 
Brother, (bruTH'fir) n f A-S. brMhor^ L. /rater. 

The common plural is brothers; in solemn 

speech brethren te used.] He who is bom of 

the same &ther and mother with another ; — 

one united to another by tie or interest ;— one 

who resembles another in manner or character. 
Brotherhood, (brurii'i^r-buud) n. State of being 

a brother ; — an association : a fraternity ;— a 

class of the same profession or occupation. 
Brother-in-law, (bruTH'cr -in-law) n. The 

brother of a husband or wife ; — a sister's 

husband. [brotherly. 

Brotherlinets, (bnxTR'cr-le-nes) n. State of being 
Brotherly, (bruTH'£r-le) a. Fertaining to 

brotliera ; becoming brothers ; affiectionate. 
Brougham, (br66m) n. A kind of two-wheeled 

or four-wheeled carriage. 
Brow, (brow) «i. [A.-S. 

briiv.] The ridge over the 

eye, with the hair that 

covers it;— the forehead; — 

the edge of a steep place. 
Browbeat, (brow^t) v.t. 

To bear down with stem Brcmgham. 

looks or arrogant sssertions ; to bully. 
Browbeatuif, (brow-bet'ing) n. Overbearing or 

bullying with arrogant and violent language. 
Brown, (brown) n. A dark colour •inclining to 

red or yellow ; the mixture of red, black, and 


Brown, (brown) a. [A.S. beenuin.^ Of a dark 

or dusky colour, of various shades. 
Brown, (brown) v. L To make brown ; to give a 

brown colour ta 
Bro^pi-bread, (brown'bred) tt. A coarse wheaien 

bread made of unbolted meal. 
Brown-bill, (brownlsil) tt. An ancient weaxxni 

for foot soldiers. 

BrowB-ooal, (brownlcdl) n. Wood-ooal or lignite. 
Brownie, (brown'e) ti. A ftinr ; a sj^lrit aup- 

poeed to perform domestic services by night. 
Browniny, (browning) n. Process of imparting a 

brown colour to gun barrals, Ae. ;— a prooeas in 

oookery. [inclined to browm. 

Browniah, (brown'ish) a. Somewhat brown; 
BrownncM, (brown'nes) n. Quality of being 


Brown-QMr, (brown'sp&r) n. A magnesian car- 
bonate of Ihne, tinged by oxide of iron and 

Brcwn-atoat, (brown'stout) n. A superior kind 

of porter. ftion ; serious reverie. 

&:owa-«tady, (brownlstud-e)*!. Mental abotrac- 
Browie, (browz) v. t. To eat or nibble shrubs. 

Ac ;— V. i. To food on the tender ahoota of 

shrubs or trees ; to graze. 
Browse, (browz) n. [Armor, brttv^] The tender 

branches of trees and shrubs, fit for the food 

of cattle; succulent pastun. 
Bruin, (bhM/in) n. [D. 6nttn, fhmi his colour. ] 

A bear. 
Bruise, (brMyi) v. i. [A.*S. 6ryMn.] To ii\jnre 

or crush, as by collision of, or against, a solid 

body ;— to ixgure a part of ; to contuae ; to rv- 

duce to fragments;— to flght with the flats; 

to box. 
Bruise, (br06z) n. A hurt or ii^uxy to the 

flesh of animals, to plants, or other bodice; a 


Bruiser, (br6Az'^) n. A boxer. [frey* 

Bruise-wort, (bruOz'wnrt) ti. A plant ; the com- 
Bruiaing, (brOoz'ing) n. The act of crushing : — 

the art of boxing. 

Bruit, (br66t) 11. [F.] Report; rumour; Ihme. 
Bruit, (brMt) r. t. To report ; to noise abroatL 
Brumal, (brOO'mal) a. [L. bruma.} i3elonging 

to the winter. 
Brunette, (brdd-nef) 91. [F. hrun.] A woman 

with a brown or dark complexion. 
Brunt, (brunt) n. [A-S. bront.] The heat, or 

utmost violence, of an onset; — the force of 

a blow ; shook. 
Broth, (brush) n. [O. H. Oer. burwtaj] An 

instrument of bristles, &c., used for raoioving 

dust, toe. : — brush -wood ; a thicket of shrubs ; 

— a skirmish ;— the bushy tail of the fox. 
Bmah, (brash) v. t. To apply a brush to : — ^to 

remove, gather, or sweep away ;— r. i. To 

move nimbly ;— to skim over with alight con- 

Bruhing, (brosh'ingl a Light ; brisk. 
Bmsh-wneel, (brosh'hwSl) n. ' A wheel without 

teeth, used in Ught machinery for polishing 

metals, Ac. 
Bmah-wood, (brash' w6dd) n. A thlckot otf tives 

and shrubs;— -smftll branches cut fh>m treea. 
Brnal^t (brush's) cl Rough: shaggy. 
Brusque, (briisk) a. [¥.} Rude, abrupt in 

Brusaels-qntmta, (brus'8e]z-sprowts)n. pi. Small 

green heads sprouting from an a|night stem ; a 

species of caboega 
Brosttok (bnisl) v.i. [A.-a benCcM.] To 

XnUl, (liMUJ a. ftrUining to ol lit* ■ 

Iraift, (imJeflB-rt) r. 

Intuh. {btu^ii^ a. FicUiainc la 
bbi^ A tents ; fettKiofu ; ■g p ffi B i 

IiTxir. Ori'^k-iH) K. JO. >ru«n^.] . 
ctabmi jduila «( difltTsol ipnui. 
lt»k. Cw>l) M. ID. toMrt, L. I 

k, (baba> i.i. To riia in bobbin :— t 
la, (bnbltr) u. Out who diaU ;—■ 


>Hki>c. (bnkliii) f. Boshing gl^rtbet i 

BMUik, (bol^) a. Fotalnlng lo'i*' 

Smtl*. (bolrU) a. IL. frufc.) A m 
iifik. witb ■ l0iig(u or cmidi attadiv 

SiKU*,0»k-U)*.l. To bHaDoltlTsb 
-to pnpan for Bctlvfl : lo Ht atontly lo 

Biukl«r. Omk'Jci) «- A kind of ibield. 

SukimB, (bnli'nm) n. (F. Asu^iuJ Amuw 
linen cloui ilJIIeiiBd with glue. 

BnekiikiB, (buk'ikin) n. Tbe ikin of ■ bock : 
M. kind of lulhei .—pi. lunches miule of 
badukin. [niBJij tpaciaa. 

BnckflMm. (bnk'thoni) n. A gBDUi of plu1« of 
Biukwhnt, (buklmM} n. A plant mud ui 
edib1« gjun, tlu flour of whiob lAUjuch nied for 

Bualii, fba-kal-ik)i>. [G. iexMix,) B«la1iii< 
(bu.kol'ik) n. A paatDciU pono, re] 

Bad, (bnd)>'.i. To put fbtUi budi;_tab^ii 

Buddhlam, (bud'lim) <i. The doetiine tui 
b^ budiQui. »nd Adopted ae & reLgion by i 
greater pan of Aua mad tbe Indijm [lUnda- 

Buddiof , (bnd'dlng) n. Tbe ut oT patting lOj 
bnili; theutof uuartiagAbud. 

SoiUlt, (bod'dl) n. A equan taaa of Ijoaida 

Budge, (bnj) a. [L. buJffa,] I^mtskin fui. 

Budge, |,boj) a. Liiiod witb budge. 

Budget, (imi'et) n. [P.JmB'U'.] A bng ■ 

Budlet,(bud'lot)n. A little bud or ihcol. 
Buir.rbuf) n. IF. bav/. beef.l A leather pi 

ither;— a colour batwasn light pink at 

light 7 

Buff, (buO a. Had* 
Bnffale. (battL-iB) n.' [0. (oulofc 

ent;— applitd to am A 
geoui, and Cwiueully 1 
BuStla-nbo, OraCH-H-'fi 

hMHt.-cl tt 




Buffet, (buffet) n. [F. hvjft^ It. buffttto.] A 
blow with the hand ; a cuff ;— force, aa of winds 
and wares. 

Buffet, (buffet) v.t. To beat; to cuff;~to 
contend against ;— v. i To plaj at boxing : — to 
make way 1^ exertion or contention. 
Buffeting, (baf fet-ing) tu Striking, with the 
hand; opposition; contention. 

Buffo, (buffo) n. [It] An Italian eomic singer. 

Buffoon, (buf-f66nO n. [It Inrffa.] A man 
who amuses by tricks and antics ; a mimic 

Buffoonery, (baf-f6un'cr-e) n. The arts and 
practices of a buffoon; jests; vulgar tricks 
and postures. 

Bttffy, (buf e) a. Resembling buff on the blood ; 
—of the colour of buff. 

Bug, (bug) }k [W. 6ir^.] A hemipterous insect 
of thw genus Ctiiicx, haring a braked or suck- 
ing mouth. 

Bu|rbear, (bug^ar) «. [W. bu:p.\ Something 
fnghtftil, as a spectre; any thing imaginaiy 
that frightens. 

Bugn, (bug'e) n. A light one-horae ohaiae. 

Bugle, (ba'gl) n. [P. beugler.] A horn; a wind 
instrument used in hunting or in a military 
band :— an elongated glass bead. 

Bugle, (bu'gl) n. [F.] A deciduous herbaceous 
plant, used in medicine. 

tfuglosa, (bQ'glos) n. [G. hou$ and glduaJ] A 
plant used iu dyeing and colouring. 

Sohl, (bul) a. [Boule.\ Figure woric ;— un- 
bum*Bhed gold, brass, mother of pearl, &c, 
inlaid Into wood, tortoise shell, &o. 

Bunr-stone, (bur'stdn) n. [0. Eng. bur.1 A 
flinty quartz, Taluable for mill-stones. 

Build, (bUd) v.t. [A. -8. ftyWaji.) To frame, 
construct, and raise, as an edifice or fabric 
of any kind ; to shape into a particnlar mould 
or form ; — ^to raise on a foundation ; — to strength- 
en: to establish ; — r. i. To practise building. 

Build, (bild) t». Form or mode of construction; 
shane; figure. 

Building, (bildlng) n. Act of constructing, 
erecting, or establishing ; — arohitecturs ; — a 
thing built, as a house, church, &c. 

Bulb, (bulb) ru [L. bu.lbmtJ\ A round or 
spherical body, as the onion :— protuberance 
on a stem, as tlie bulb of a thermometer; a 

Bulbous, (bnlVus) a. Having bulbs* protu- 
berant ; knobby. [Persians. 

Bulbul, (burbnl) n. The nightingale of the 

Bulchin, (bOOl'shin) n. A youugmale calf. 

Bulge, (bu^) n. [A.-S. hdlg.] The protubenmt 
part of a cask ; — the bilge of a vessel 

Bulge, (bulj) 1'. i. To swell or jut out ; to 
be protuberant;— to bilge, as a ship. 

Bulk, ^bulk) n. [loeL balka.^ Magnitude of 
material substance ; dimensions ; mass ;— the 
largest or principal portion ;— the cargo of a 

Bulker, (bulk'^r) ». A person employed to as- 
certain the capacity of goods, so as to fix the 
freight or shore-dnes. 

Bulk-head, (bulkOied) n. A partition in a ship, 
made with boards, ba.^ to lorm compartments. 

BttUcineM, (bulk'e-nes) n. Greatness in bulk, 
sice, or stature. 

Bulky, (bulk'e) a. Of great dimensions; large. 

Bull, (b66l) n. [A.-S. bMn-n,] The male of a 
bovine quadruped ; the male of any large quad- 
ruped;— one of the twelve signs of the zodiac. 

Boll, (b66l) n. [L. frusta.] The seal appended 


to the brieft of the Pope ;— an edict of the pope : 
— a verbal blunder or contradiction. 

BuU-baitiag, (bOOl'b&t-ing) n. The practice of 
exciting bulls with dogs. 

BuU-beaf, (b66rbfif) n. The flesh of a bulL 

Bull-calf, (bOOllc&O ^ A male calf ;— a stnpid 

Bull-dog, (bMl'dog) ». A dog of remaxkable 
ferocity and courage— ao 
named firom being em- 
ployed in baiting bulls, or 
from the size of the head. 

Bullet, (b66net) n. (F. 
boult.] A small ball; 
especially one of lead for 
small fix«-arms. 

Bullfltai,(b6alle-tin)>t. [F. 
buXUtinJ] An official rqport; a military or 
medical report;— a brief statement issued by 
authority ;— a public announcement 

Bull-fight, (b66Vfit) n. A combat witli a bull 
—the favourite national pastime in Spain. 

Bull-flttoh, (bOol'flnsh) n. A singing-binl allitti 
to the groas-beak, having 
the brrast, cheeks, and 
throat of a crimson colour. 

Bull-irog, (b6ul'i^) n. A 
large species of fi^, found 
in Kortn America. 

Bull-head, (b6611ied) n. A 
fish of the genus CbMiu;— a 
stupid fellow ;— a water Insect Boll-flnch. 

BulBoB, (boor^un) n. [L. buXla.^ Uncoined 
gold or silver m the mass;— gold and silver coin. 

Bullock, (bdOllok) tL (A.-S. buUuca.] A 3'oung 
bull or male of Uie ox k.nd. 

Bull'a-eye, (bOOlzl) it. An oval wooden block 
without idieaves ; — a thick piece of glaat inserted 
in a deck, roof, ^c, to let in light ; — a police- 
man's lanteni ;— the centre of a taiget 

BuU-txvut, (bMl'trout) n. A trout larger than 
the common kind, and ascending riven periodi- 
cally to spAwn. 

Bullj, (bOOl'e) It. [O. Eng.] A noisy blus- 
tering fellow ; a quarrelsome person. 

Bully, (bMre) v.t To insult with noise and 
menace ;— v. t. To be noisy and quanvlsomeL 

Bulmah, (bMl'rush) n. A rush grovring in w«t 
land or water. 

Bulwark, (b60l'werk) n. [O. H. Oer. pol6n, 
and Ger. vn'k.] An outwork for de&nce ; a 
rampart ; — any means of defence : a screen ;— 
pi. the sides of a ship above the upper dock. 

Bum, (bum) r. i. To make a notse like a bee. 

Bumbailiff, (bum-bul'if) n. An under bailiff. 

Bumble-bee, (bum'bl-be) ti. [O. Eng. bv,9ibU and 
bf«.\ A large bee, called humble-btt, 

BumWat, (bnm'b6t) n. A clumsy boat, used ftc 
conveying provisions, fruit, &c., to Toaselt. 

Bumkia, (bum'kin) «i. [From bwni and I-.kY 
A timber projecting ttota the bow of a veaselj 
to haul the foretack to ;— a small outrigger. 

Bump, (bump) n. A thump; a heavy blow;: 
— a swelling or protuberance ;— pi. the natural | 
swellings on the skull, suppoeed to iiidiate 
the mental qualities and proi)ensities of thtj 
individual. I 

Bump, Hmmp) v.t. [Ger. bavMtiu] To strike 
as witn or against any thing huge or solid:—! 
to thump ; to beat ; — v.i. To make a heavy, or' 
hollow noise. 

Bumper, (bump'^r) ft A cop or gloM filled W 
the brim. 

[W. pwmp a MlnL] 

, [todoMnu. 

I umf, (boB^ ■>. I. Ta ^op til* oriSoa Id t cadi : 

U^tDHi;— llghtDHi or iiiirit; 

BnoTut, (bdj'uiil 0. noatlug; light: eUntc ; 
Xurkt, (burl»t) - "■ •—■-—' • '-•- 

, (bur-dn) B. [A.-8. ftynUru.] Thai 

ii bcRia « cuii«d i—tay thlnf gritvani 

ir ojipreitiia i— load ; weight ;— ttaa oiaclj' ol 

ngh, briatlTl 

111, (bu-rt) _ 

kilEHrtment of thc'publia Htiica:— Uh bad; 
otomcen ill noh deputmeDt 
TtiiiMiiniinr. (M-[d'Iiii-h) n. [F. turcaii and 
0. *nH«iu] A •J»t«in of goHrnmmil tamoj 
on ia dflputfuuit*, VKb uadei- tho cobtni vC k 

Bnrti Onus) I' (A.-B.J AfljrtJBiid imra. 
Baltic*, (boij'i)) 1. (Ii tKrini^iiw.1 A 

borough ;->« npipw n tii t i* 
Buifhar, {inrg'cT) ^ 

A fmiDUi of ■ bonngb : 
[Buiv and L. Intra.] Ob* 

Bnnl*rl«u, (burrll-n-ni) <>■ Pcrtalnlnc (■ 
hauMbnaktng u>d TobbH;. 
Biiri1>^, fbnnria-i*) n- ■ Tb* biwkinf an. 

) a. (1^ tvrvr- 


BiirpiB»t,'(biirg'o-utt) n. [F, beurgtiifrntU-i A 
Burnnll Ibnc-gwi') n. A kind of gnial mad* 

on K*id ibip. , , . . 

Bmsoidr, (bur'siin-da) * A lapmrn kind of 

wis* — wodliedtrotaJtUTffiiKdf. 
iBfial, (btr-Ml) h, Aot of bnijing; ruHnl 

Biiniil°sl^. '(bc'?«3-pllla) n. A plK* appw- 
priiilwltolh8d«d: a mTB-jiinl,-lh*i)n«lie 

Burin, lbu'tiii)ii. |0. U. Oar. bonLi An an- 
(«v*r\ lool;-^ gn'ar. 
Bnrk*, (huik) r. (. Tu moniar ■mtcIIj' and 

si^STbi"!) «!V"'^/.oii'rfl(LJ To drtia. u 
cJoth, hj fuUiag;— to uiclc knola, Uumli, ic, 

frDED, Eu flDiabLIlE clotlL 

Bvltnua, (bui-le^ o, (IL ftiirUaml Ttnii- 
Ing to sxcila Ikothtar br ludicnmi uua^aa; 
JoDOlar; firnirrl 



Bnrleeque, (bur-leskO n. A lodioroas representar 
tion: ft traroetid:-- ft clever imitation or 

BmiammBf (bor-lealO v. t To turn into ridicule ; 
to mftke ludiczous; to Uunpoon. 

BurlineM, (buiOe-ues) n. .Bulk; groflheaB; 

Bnrly, (burle) a. [O. Eng. boortly.] Of great 
balk; stout; lusty ;«-ooftne and rough. 

Bon, (bum) v. t. (A. -8. bymati.] To consume 
with fire;— to subject to the ftotion of fire; to 
hftxden : to bftke;— to injure by fire; to scorch ; 
to wither;— to inflmme;— to cauterize ;— v. t. 
To be on fire; to flame; to shine; — to be in- 

Bum, (burn) n. A rlTulet or brook. 

Boxn, ^bum) ». A hurt or ii^ury caused l^ flie; 
—the operation of baking, as bricks. 

Boner, (bum'cr) n. One who bums or sets on 
fire;— an appendage to a lamp or gas-fixture. 

Baming>glMi, (bum'ing-glas) n. A convex 
lens used for converging the sun's rays to a 

Burnish, (bura'irfi) v. t [F. brunir.] To polish 
l>y rabbing;— to render bright or resplendent; 
—-v. i. To grow bright, smooth, and glossy. 

Bunuah, (buru'ish) n. Oloas ; lustre ; polish. 

Burnisher, (burn'ish-er) n. One who burnishes; 
— a tool used in bumiabing books. 

Bumt-ear, (bumf Or) n. A disease in grain. 

Bumt-offeriBg, (bomfof-er-ing) n. Bomething 
burnt on an altar, as an atonement for sin. 

Burr, (bur) v. i. To pronounce with a burr. 

Burr, (bur) )t. A rough prickly covering of the 
seeds of certain plants ;- the lobe of the ear : — 
a ring of iron ;— a triangular chisel ;— a guttural 
pronunciation of the letter r ;— also Bur. 

^urel-fly, (biir'el-fli) n. The ox-fly or breeze. 

Buzroiw, (buT'6) n. [A-ti. beorff.] A hole in 
the ground made by rabbits. &c., for shelter and 
habitation ; a heap of rubbish. 

Burrow, (bur'd) v. i. To excavate a hole in the 
earth ; to lodge in the earth, as conies or rab- 
bits; — ^to hide ;—rto mine. 

Bnrry, (bur^e) a. Abounding in bnrra 

Bursar, (buiVer) n. (JL bursa.] A treasurer or 
cash-keeper ;— a student to whom a stipend is 
paid to aid him in his educational studies. 

Banwry, (burs'ft-re) n. The treasury of a college 
or monastery;— a charitable foundation in a 

Bmrae, (burs) n, [F. bourse.] A purse ;— « Aind 
for the maintenance of poor scholan ;— a college 
or hall in a university;— an exchange :— also 
written BeurMi 

Burst, (burst) v. i. [A-S. fryrtton.] To fly or 
breaift open with force ; — to make a sudden 
change from restraint, invisibility or the Uke, 
toadifferont state ; to escape by violent move- 
ment;— «. <. To break or rend by violence; 
to open suddenly. 

Burst, (burst) n. A sudden breaking forth: 
a disruption ; a violent rending ;— a spasmodic 

Burt, (burt) n. A flat fish of the turbot kind. 

Bury, (bcr'e) v. t. [A.-S. byrigan.] To conceal 
by oovering: — ^to cover out of sight, as in a 
grave, a tomb, or the ocean ; to inter. 

Borying-plaoe, (bcr'e-ing-pltts) n. A grave-yard. 

Bus, (bus) n. An omnibus ; a kiss. 

Baavy, (buSTie) n. A military cap of bear-ekin. 

Buah, (bMeh) n. [D. boaclu] A place abound- 
ing in trees or shrubs;— a thick shrub;— a 

branch of ivy hung out ftt vintnen* doors ; a 
tarem sign ;— a lining of metal, let into an 
orifice ;— the backwoods of Australia and Cape 

Bush, (b668h) v.i. To grow thick or bushy; 
•~v. t. To set bushes ;— to line, as a hole» with 

Buflh-bean, (bOAshlien) n. The garden-bean, ot 
two varieties, ttdnef^ttan and Frtineh'beuH. 

Bushel, (boosh'el) n. [Norman F. buiieL] A 
dry measure containing four pecks or ei^t 

Bushelftfe, (bMsh'el-ftj) n. A duty payable on 
commodities bv the liushel. 

Buah-hanrow, (bbOah'har-d) n. A hanow made 
of bushes for oovering seeds. 

Buahineaa, (lt)d6Bh'e-nes) n. State of being 
bushy or overgrown with bushes. 

Bushing, (boAsb'ing) n. A ring, tube, or lining 
placed in a hole, acting as a joumal-box. 

Bushman, (bdOsh'man) ik (D. botehjet-nan,] A 
woodsman; — a settler in the backwoods ;— one 
of a talbe of savages near the Cape of Good Bo|mu 

Bushy, (bOueh'e) a. Full of bushes. 

Busily, (biz'ze-le) adv. In a busy manner. ' ^ 

Business, (bia^nes) n. That which busies one ; 
— any occupation for a livelihood or gain: — 
traffic ;— concern ; right of action or interpo- 
sition ;—aflkir ; transaction. 

Buak, (busk) n. [F. buae.} A piece of metal, 
whale-bone, or wood, worn in women's coiwta. 

Busk, (busk) V. t. or v. i. To dress or attira 

Buskea, (buskt) a. Wearing a busk ; ready ; 

Buskin, (b^^'^) *>• [^> brotMequin.} A cover- 
ing for the foot and leg worn by hunten: — ^a 
high-eoled shoe worn by the ancient actors in 
trasedy ;— hence, tragedy ;— a high and lofty 

Buakined, (busklnd) a. Dressed in buskins; 
— ^pertaining to tragedy: tragiOL 

Buaky, (busk'e) a. Bushy ; wooded ; duded or 
overKTown with trees or shrubs: — generaUj 
written Bosky. 

Busa, (btu) fu [L. batium.} A kiss; a stolen 
or playAU kiss. [D. 6uu.] A small two-masted 
vessel, used in the herring fishery. ^ 

Buia, (bus) V. t. To kisa 

Bust, (bust) n. [QoT. bruit, breast, Go. bnuU ] 
llie trunk of the body ; the 
portion between the head 
and waist : — a piece of statu- 
ary, representmg the upper 
part of the human figure^ 
from head to waist inclu- 

Bustard, (boBt'&rd) n. [F. 
bistarde.] A bird of the 
Ostrich fiunily. The great 
bustard is the largest land 
bird in Europa 

Bustle, (bus'sl) V. 
quickly; to be very 

Bustle, (bus's!) n. Great 
stir ; hurried activity ; 

Bustle, (bus'sl) n. A 
cushion worn by ladies 
for the purpose of ex- 
panding the skirts. 

Busy, (biz'ze) a. [A-S. 

bytig.] To 


Oreat Bustard. 

by$ig.} Active and earoMtin work;— engaged 



jiid; — rBBtlflM:— ofBdou; 

BuTf, (bi^aB) r.l To maka or keep boi^; to 
emploj; tata^igB. 

Bvay-Mj, (tu^bod^) m. One who ofltdoadj 
konetf vitli the attun of othen; a 

Bvt.(bat;.pr7L4fiaiV'. (A.-S. 6v<an.] Except; 

baadH; aalai ;— aava that ; ware it not that ; 

—oaty; aovly :— not longer ago than ; nothing 

nun than :— jet : neTerthelew ; moreorer. 
Satebs. (bMch'^r) n. [F. boueher.] One 

w1a> ilHi|^t«n *»irn*\m for the market, or mUi 

^i^^ ieah :— ooe girea to elaiighter. 
latdMr. (bUch'cr) «. (. To kill, at animals, 

lor food or lot market ; — to mtudier in a hloodj 

or faoxbaroaa manner. 
le:elMr.hB4. (bMch'cr-bcrd) n. A bird of the 

r^^eias eaUed I«iuna;— the king bird; the 

lateiwriy, (bMd&'cr-le) a. Groedy cruel and bar- 

bu\Mu; bioodj; mmtieroiu. 
Iitfrhitr awat (bAdchV-met) n. Tbe fleth of 

aaimab aiaoghterad for the tablei 
Basebcry, (1^4^'sr-e) n. Great ilanghter; 

latt-ead, (baf end) ». The large or Uant end. 
latkr, (batl$r) «. (F. bouteiUier.] A mrrant 
who takaa efaax^ oC the liqnon, plate, Ao, 
Htierah^ (batl^-ahip) n. The odke of a 
baUer. (bottreei of an arch ; a tapport. 

Sstmeat, (bafmeat) n. [F. abouteaufa.} A 
An. (bat) a. [F. fraf. ahn, Gael huta, mark.] 
T)kd larger end of n thing; — a mark toboBhot 
u,— one at whom ridieole, jest*, or contempt 
*n (hraoted ; — a poah or thraat given in fSencing 
OT by the head oi an animal : — a large cask : — 
tbe thick^iat part of tanned ox-hides :— a kind 
of hia^ ; — a piece of land left unplonghed ; — 
tbe za^al ring at the end of a hose, 
last, (bat) V. u [7. bouter] To Join at the 
cad; to be boanded: to throst the head lor- 
wd ; — r. t. To atrike bj thrusting the head, 

Ba3sr, (bof tfr) n. [A-S. buter.]. An nnctnoos 

n^aUnoe obtained from cream by churning; 

—say sobstanoe resembling batter ;— soft, in- 

RCttstijiig apeech. [to flatter. 

Batter, (bat'ter) r. t. To spnaad with batter :— 

Battsr-eof, (baftsr-kup) n. A plant of the 

tas MMMMmculuMf haVing bright yellow flowers. 

/, (bat'tfr-ffi) a. A lepidopteroas insect 

«f tbe fgmiitj FapUio ; — an inconstant person. 

let Us la, (baf tcr-is) m. A steel inetrument, 

a«Bd for paring the hoof of a horse. 

(bnt'tsr-milk) n. The milk that 
after churning. 

(baft^-tri) n. A trojncal tree, the 
of whidk yield a ra^vtance resembling 

Btttterwart, (bof t^-wnii) «. A genus of her- 
baceoiis planta growing in bogs and marshes. 
Battsrj, (baf tcr-«) a. Having the qualities or 
appeaaace of batter. 

(bartcr-e) n. A room in colleges 
where refreshments are kept for the stadanta; a 
larder;— a cellar. 

Bntlook, (butTok) n. [FVom6w(t] The rump 
or protaberant part of the body behind. 

Button, (bufn) a. [F. bouton.] A small ball ; 
a knob ;— a catch used to CMten together the 
different parts of dress ;— a piece of wood or 
metal torning on a nail or acrew, to frtsten 
docn, Lc 

Button, (bof n) 1. 1 To Cssten with a button ; 
— r. t. To be ftstened by buttons. 

Button-hole, (bofn-hdl) a. The hole or loop in 
which a button is fastened. 

Button-hole, (bot'n-hul) v. i. To hold by the 
button; to detain in oonrersation ; to bore. 

Bnttreaa, (buf tree) n. (F. bouter.] A project- 
ing support to the exterior of 
a wall ; a prop ; a support. 

Buttreoa, (bnt'tres) v. (. To sup- 
port by a buttress ; to prop. 

Butta, (buts) a. A place where 
archers meet to snoot at a 
mark; — angular ridgea in a 
field ; — pieces of stout sole 

Bozcmi, (buks'um) a. [A.-S. 
boeaum.] Lively; brisk; finolic- 
some. Buttress. 

Buzomly, (buks'um-le) adv. In a gay, lively 
manner ; briskly. 

Buy, (bi) v.t. (A. -8. bycgan.] To purchase; 
to acquire by paying a price nr ; to procure for 
a consideration ; — ^to bribe ; to oomipt ; — v. i. 
To negotiate or treat about a pux^aae. 

Buyer, (bf^r) n. One who buys ; a pnrchaser. 

Bob, (duk) v. i. To make a low, humming 
sound, as bees ; — to speak with a low voice ; — 
V. t. To make known by whispers ; — to spread 

Buzx, (bu2) n. A continuous, humming noine, 
as of bees ;— a whisper; a report spread iiecretly. 

Buznrd, (buz'trd) n. [L. 6u(«o, hawk.] A bird 
of prey of the Falcon family ; — a dunoe. 

By, (bi) jjrep. [A.-4J. big.] In the neighbour- 
hood of : near to ; past :— through or with, de- 
noting the instrument, cause, way, and the like. 

By, fbi) adv. Near ; beside. 

By, (bi) a. Out of the common path ; aside. 

Bye, (M) n. An object by the way ; a dwelling ; 
—in certain games, a station aside. 

By-end, (bi'end) n. Private end or interest. 

Bj-fone, (bi'gon) a. Fast ; gone by. 

By-utw, (bnaw) ;i. (A-S. bilage.] A private 
law or recitation. 

By-name, (bi'n&m) n. A nickname. [way. 

By-path, (bi'P^^) ^- A private uath ; an obscure 

By-play, (lu'pli) n. A scene which is carried on 

Byre, (bir) n. A cow-hoose. 

By-stander, (bi'stand-(r) «. [Bp and $tander.] 
A looker-on : a spectator. 

By-word, (bi%uru) n. A common nying ; a 


CCi^ tbe third leHer in the English alphabet, 
and the second consonant, has two sounds, 
OM dcae, like K; the other a sibilant, pre- 
ciMij hke a. The digraph ck haa three sounds. 

t$h, aa in church; lA, as in chaise ; h, as in 
choru*. C after the clef is the mark of com- 
mon time. C is also the key note nu^or, and 
the third minor, of the natural scale. 

Cab, (lub) n. ICatrinlrf] A wtend carrUli 
Cib, (bib) n. [H. gaici.J A Hebnir dir id« 

OttwC (ki-bAJI n. [U. gObal-l A Diuabc 
of iMmni BQited to promoM ttieir •ism b 
ititiigue ;— »snl utlSiH. 

Onbal, (ks-bAl') i. <. To onupln. 

OktaU, . (k&h'ii-ls) fi. A mfRliiia InMrpnUtlD 

C»*»rtt.(lu.'bi-nit)K, [P.] AtaTmi. 
dabbles, (lub^i)*. (0. Eng. coiMiA.] Agu- 


Oabinat, <kab 

n-M) n. [Co*. 

■1. *™ 

Cabinet-eanaeil, (kab'ia-st-kann'al) n. Coa- 
fldflntial council of a piiacfl; — fflflednf of tba 
memben or ibe miniflrr, 

Oabijut-makBr, (kab'ln-flt-mok-qr) il A man 
vbo EDaiua oablneU, and woodati ftjmiturt. 

OibU, (la'bl) n. {U capvluni] A itrong lopa 



(i-bl)«.l. Toil.... .._ 

, riiab'mu) n. Tha diivn 

Iba galUv. 
GabrulaC, Oab^n-S-UO ». [F.J A oua-hoiaa 

plsuaro-canUga with ■ (Blub lop. 
Cuaa. (ku-kil'D) n. [Mai. caeaaaK.] Tlia cbo- 

Cachalot, (kach'a^lot) n. (Oar. iiucAalDt| Tha 

Oaohaiy, (ka-kaki'a) a. [O. i-nl-Di aod eiia] 
A darugBd ooQill^D of tha tyitam. 

^Tairbinnatiim, (kak'ln-&'abDD) n. [L. cofAJii- 
nan.J Loud or iDuuodanta las^btar. 

Oaakla, (kakl) v.i. [QKr. hUxla.) To make 
a DoiH liks a gooaa la ben :— to ciggla ;— to 
pratUa. [idle lalli ; ilUj ptattla. 

Caokla, (kakljH, ThabDiaauf agooasor^n- — 

Oaaefrapby, (ka-kog'ta-fa) ». [Q. kakoi, boil, 
and ffrafihi. writlnf.] Bad apalliiif or writing 

Oampbonr, (ka-kofo-iiE} n. (Q. iaioi nud 
able aonud of warda: — a 

Cadanroca, (ka-djiT'tr-iu) eg 

OWUy, (kad'de) ». ; [Oidi] A auU boa for 

Caide. (kid) n. [Q. hvbi.} A buni oc caak : 

Cadanea or Cadaasj, (kidana) a. [L. cador.) 
A (Ut of tba T«De in nading or apoaking: — 
a modulation ; — a doalng amballiabmant of ari 

rho brlnga butter. 

(among Iha Turko. 
(ka'da) n. The Jndgs at n town « vllli^ 

-liuBi, (kad'mo-uiul k. [L radvia.] A nieUl 

nlatad to dnc [a htnld'a ataff. 

Cadnenia, (kinlil'at •■■•-■ 
- ■ litj, (ttdO'ae 


CadnoitT, (ka-da'ae-tc) ■>. Tendet 
Cadoeaua, (kHluloa) a, [L. ro 
offijBlckly. "■-' 


ftS'tJI)". IL- rapfiti 

fMHa, (kl'tif) a. Ba» : deapioable. 

Cnjala. (ka-jsn n. t. [F. evjolvr.) To dtcoiro 

or daloda b/ BaCtaiT : to wbwdla. 
iMolary, <k»-J61'er^) It •-■—•■'--- ■-■ 

;alto, (kak) n. (U ci 

r, Ac, baked;— a m 

Lab, (kal'aO 

di) n. 

Tha (rultof 

10 gourd itaeir 

labaah-ttaa. (kal'a-baah-tT«) n. A tree pro- 
jcing a naLon-like fruit, witb a bard aheU. 
laubouTi (kal'am-bodr) n. A apeciEa of aJoc« 

Calamise, (Iml'a.iuln) n. [L mJuio.) 'lltr 




Calaaitavi* (karhmli-om) a. Saffering cala- 

mity.^prodttniigfihmttjr; crieTOOs; diiactroaa. 

Calamitamlj, 0»-iuBlt-ii»-ie) adv. Distra*- 

CaUau^, (kft-kmH-e) h. [L. eadamitat.] Aoj 

great miiArtaBe or caoM of miaety : duMtar. 
Caliww, (kalVffliu) ml [L.] The Indian oaoe, 

a piaat of the piim fiuuiiy ; — * pipe or pon 

Cdaah, (ka-JMbO «. [F. coZ^cAc] A light 

cani^ with lov wbeela, having a top that can 

be xajied orlowend; — a hood or top of a carriage. 
O i lrMw , <kal-ka're-aa) a. Pkrtalung of or 

eDOtjJnipg lifn* 

C«Wnlaria, (kal-«e-&-12're4) n. A genua of her- 
^aceoos planti pvodncing beaatifol yellow or 
piTpfe ftyvoa, ■ometimea intermixed. 
(Uafy, (kar».fi) t. i. [L. calx, lime, and 
.-3«'rt, to make.] To <^uuige into lime. 
r*lfnwtiM, (kal-ein'&'ahnn) n. The operation 
U cxpeilinf from a body its cementing principle, 
itxi ndneing it to powder. 
CiiaiM. (ka^ain') r. t. [h. ealx, lime.] To re- 
<iQce to powder by beat : — to oxidise, as a metal; 
— r i- To be eooTerted into a powder or 
fri&Ue nbrtanee. 

Caki^ (kal'ae-om) n. [U rats.] Themetallio 
taB* of lime. 

Oakegxaphy, (kal-kog'ra-fo) n. [O. eAaa-of, and 
P^pieiti.] Art of drawing and engraving in 
^o^ [aaeertained by calculation. 

CikalaUa, (kallcQ-U^bl) a. Capable of being 

CticBlary, ^afkn-U-re) a. {L. calcului.] Be- 
laxix^ to fltooe in the bladdar. 

Cilsalata, (kaTkfi-Ut) r. (. To oompate; to 
R^flo ;— to detenniiie by arithmetical or ma- 
thmmtifal praceaaaa: — to aacertain by reckon- 
im peeoJiaritiea or dxcamatanoea of ; — to fit or 
prvpan Iqr adaptirtion ;>-v. i. To make a cal- 

Ctinktim, (kal-ka-ITaban) n. The art, act, or 

Ksoh of eakolating : compatation. 
Calcsloaa, (kallm-liu) a. like atone ; gritty. 
Ctbaln. (karu-liia) «. [L.] A pebble uaed 

tn wnatiog or Toting ;— * concretion in the ex- 

erefaciry caaala ; — a bruich of mathematics. 
Cd4i«a, (kawrdras) n. [L. caiuiiUL] A large 

'E^tt^ or boiler of ooptMr or other metaL 
Ctkfariiwt, (kal'«-£i'abe^nt) n. A substance 

tiai eacitea warmth. 

C*!«<utv, (kal'»^Sftk:'t€r) n, A small stove. 
C»*fy, (kare-n) r. i. [U eale/aeerf.] To grow 

^>$ <jr warm : — r. L To make warm or hot. 
Ci^eaiar. (kaTen-dcr) it. [L. eoZentZarium, an 

tdociont book.] An orderly arrangement of the 

•tniMca of tinte, as daya, weeks, montlia, dux ; 

—ta slnianar ;— an enumeration of penons or 
J^i&9i :— a list of criminal eases. 
^•itaiar, (kaTen-dcr) 1. 1. To enter or write 

ia teakiMlar. 
Ct^eaicr. (kaTen-dcr) n. A hot press uaed to 

^»^ dotfas, pHwr, Aa, smooth and gloasy, or 

'•o |?T« them a wavy jqipearanoe ;— a dervise. 
rilm^ir^ (kal'en-dcr) v. (. To press between 

^^>^I«ri for the porpose of making glosay, and 


n t lfls ia. (kaTenda) «. vl, (L. caUnda.] The 

l^nt day of eaeh moota among the Romans. 
CaUaten, (kaTeD-tii) «. (L. calerr] A de- 

iihom esnsed by the heat of the sun at sea. 
Gslf. (kaf) «. LL-B. Ma^/*.] The young of the 

ctw >Ht stopidneiaon ;^the thick fleshy part 


Calf-skin, (kif akin) n. The hide or akin of the 

calf, used in binding hooka, ix. 
Calibre, (kal'a-b(r) u. [L. ^ua libra,] Weight 

of a bullet or other projectile :— diameter, as of 

a bullet or column ; — the quality or d^ree of 

tiie intellect. 
Calico, (kal'e-k5) n. iCalicuL] Fhun white 

cloth made from cotton. 
Calieo Printing, (kal'e-kd print'ing) n. Tlie 

art of printing cotton fltbrios with Hgures uuU 


Calid, (kal'id) a. (L. calidu*.] Hot ; burning. 
Oalicinoua, (ka-m^in-us) a. [L ea^iyoj AitecUxI 

witn darkness or dimness ; dark. 
Oaligraphy, (ka-lig'ra-fe) n. [G. knlot and ipa- 

pkeinA Fair or elegant penmanship. 
Calipaaa, (kaTe-paah) n. [F. curuixtee.) Tlie 

upper shell of a turtle, containing a groenieii 

gelatinoua aubstance. 
Cidipee, (kalVpe) n. The lower ahoU of a 

turtle, containing a gelatinoua aubatauce uf n 

light yellowish colour. 



(kal'o-pcrz) n. pi. Compassea 
cunod lega for measuring the 
calibre or diameter of round bodies. 

Caliph, (kal'iO n. [A. LhaU/uh.] 
Buoccsaor or vicar — a title given 
to the successors of Mohammoi :— 
alao Calif. 

Caliphate, (kal'if-at) n. Offico or 
government of a caliph. 

CaUatheniea, (kal-i»-then'ika) n. »iHcr. Calipen. 
[G. kaioi and ithenoi.] Art or practice of 
exerciae, to promote strength and graceful 
movement of the body. [of a fluwer. 

Caliz, (killika) n. A cup ; — the outer covering 

Calk, (kawk) r. t. [A. gaUi/a.] To drive oakuui 
into the aeama of a ship to prevent leuking ; 
— to ahoe with iron : — sometimes Caulk. 

Calk, (kawk) n, (A -8. ealc, hoof.] A point^l 
piece of iron on a shoe to prevent slipping on ice. 

Callcing-ixen, (kawk'ing-i-um) n. An instru- 
ment like a chiisel, use*! in calking ships. 

Call, (kawl) v. t. [G. kalein.] To give a namo 
to ; — to designate, as for office or employment ; 
— to utter in a loud voice :— to invite ; to uh- 
semble by onler; to appeal to or invoke; — 
V. i. To B|)eak in a loud voice ; to cry out ;— to 
make a brief visit. 

C^ (kawl) iu A vocal address of summons or 
invitation : — a requisition : — a divine sunuuonM: 
— authorized command ;— employment; — a Khort 
visit: — a note blown on a horn ;~a whistle. 

Callid, (kallid) a. [L. callidxu.] Crafty; cun- 
ning; artftiL 

Callinf , (Icawring) n. A summons or invita< 
tion ; — usual occupation or employment. 

(Salliope, (kal-li'd-pe) n. [6.] Tlie muKO thai 
nresides over eloquence and heroic poetry. 

0allona,(kal'lus)a. [L. callosu*.] Hardened; 
indurated ; — unfeeling. 

ChUloualy, (Icallus-le) adv. In a hardened or 
unfeeling manner. [sibility to suffering. 

CallouaBeas, (kallus-nes) n, Hardneat ;— in^u- 

Callow, (kalOo) a. (L. ealvui.] Destitute of 
feathers; unfledged. 

Calm, (kAm) a. Still: quiet; at rest;— undis- 
turbed by passion ; serene ; pladd. 

Calm, (kom) n. [O. tauma.] Freedom from 
motion or disturbance ; stillness ; quiet ; rc^xxM;. 

Cabn, (kkta) v. t. To render still or quiet, 
as the elements ;— to padiy and soothe, as the 
mind ;— to allay agitation or excitement 


aetofpiaein^ *n una eUkMus-se «f Moitt ;— the 

Qunk'nU'tX) r. I, To pAce vpfoa the 

m A catb<«iru or eoL««ia£e c&izrdi. 
ff Ow> '>•?•) **• '*'• ^"Oy'.'^fi^-i A eoffor- 
in^ <yTer » tbr<r#7>*i ''ir hed ; mti omazDcacUl p*o> 
jectioD, io tiks Cfotiiic ttyle, over doon, aiciMs. 

with & 


». [IL ciuuDaclta.] 

(^tta'dteJtik) a. TwJia mblwr. 

. CA-ii es/jic] A armaiag tar the 

top or ktgiiiMt fP* ^T^^ i 

Giv,(b^r.L Ti> o>v«r tte top or end of; — to 




-a {.Aah ur 

(lun'<Vpft) r. /. To 
(kA-iyf'nu) a. fL. 

Morneal; Kmndiiii^; looefaL 
Otat, (kAOt) ic (W. rf'^r] An 

iiu.IiriAtion frum a hurizo&tal line 

Cwit, (kant) f. ^ To pL'tee upon the eA^, as a 

cank : — to gire a m<wJen tarn t<>;— r. •. {L. 

furur^, to ung.] Tos|ieak m& nhiiuiij; tone; 

— to mak« pretenJiiuiH. 
Oaat, (kAfit) i«. (U tantvM, chant.] An affected 

modo of HpeakJng ; — whiniug (iretensioDs ; — the 
Jargon r>f ^gj\miem and tbM:v«9k 
(kuitv (kAHt) a. Affected, inelegant, or mlgar. 
Caa'tt (kaot) A or^tntction for cat tu>L 
Caatalm^e, (kau't»-lOu]i) a. A ribbed Tarietr of 

Caatato, (kan-ta'to) n. [It] A poem aet to 

rouaie ; a compooitiou for one Tuioe, with choral 

oooompaiiinieDta. (singer. 

(taatatiiea, (kAU-t*-trtehe) ». [It] A female 
OMitMn, (kan-t^n') n. [Hit. atntuia.] A ToaMl 

OMxl by aoldien for canying drink ; — a barrack 

taTem. [in a moderate gaUopi 

Oaater, (kan'tpr) v.L To more, aa a horse, 
OaatMw (kan'ter) n. A moderate gallop. 
OaaterinirT, (kan'ttr-ber-e) n. A wooden stand 

with divisions to hold mnaic, Ac 
Oantharia, (kau'tlia-ris) n. [L.] A ooleopteroiu 

insect nsed for blistering ; Upanish-fly. 
Oaatlal*, (kan'te-kl) n. [Ll camir.] A little 

song ;— The Song of Bongs, or Song of Solomon. 
Oaatillate, (kan'tU-at) r. f . [L. cantUlare.] To 

chant ; to recite with musical tones. 
Oaatle, (kan'tl) n. [DlminutiTo of cant] A 

oonier or edgo of any thing;— the hind-bow of 

a iaildle. 
Oaato, (kan'tC) n. [It] A diTision or part of 

a poem ; — > the soprano part ; the leading 

Oanton, (kan'tnn) n. [It canton^.] A small 

district of territory having a aoparato govem- 

meut i^-a part of a shield or painting 
Oanton, (kanUan) r. t. To divide into dia- 

Ulots, as territory ; — to qtuixter, as troops. 
Oaatonmant, (kan'tun-ment) n. A part of a 

town assigned to troops ;— separate quarters. 
Oaaty, (kan'to) a. Lively ; cnoerful ; merry. 
OauTaa, (kati'vas) }i. [L. eaniuUtu.] A coarse 

cloth niado uf homp or flax:— the sails of a vessel 
Oanvaas, (I^nnvan) v. t. To sift : to examine 

thottmnltly ; discuss ;— r. i. To solicit votes 

or iittei'iMit 
Oanvaaa, (kan'vas) n. Close inspection or sifting 

of a subject :— a seeking to obtain votes, Ac. ' 
Oany, (kftn'e) a. Coaalating of or aboonding 


(kl-pa-bde^ a. Bo««r, adapta- 
bility, or taoLxj in aaj^ nq«ized diieetioo. 

QspaklCy (k^P^cJ) «. [L. tapert.] Possesaing 
akt.l:tT, i^Tii^itntiun, or sntBrlenffy ; oompetent; 

Gr^aooaa, (ka-pa'thenis) a. [L. capojr.] Able 
to take ia. boid, or emUace much; — hagp ; 
cuc:ip^r:hextf..T ft. 

raparisasly. (ka^pl the aa Is) adr. In a widely 
xeoeptrre Banner or «lagiw. 

O i p a rit s ltv (ka-pas^vu> v. L To render cap- 
abk; toquatiiy; to enable. 

Cifasity, (ka-pas'e-to) ». (L. capacita*.] [Power 
of reeeirin^ or cotitaining; extent of room or 
i[ace ; — :i. Jity ; — aptituus or qnalificatioii : — 
M^udountenta. (foot. 

Cap a fie, (kap'a-pf) ccfr. [F.] Fmm bead tu 

Oapanaaa, (ka-por e-sun) a. (Sp. caj)or(UO)».J A 
covering laid over the saddle uf a hocae ; trap* 
pings ; — gay or rich clothins 

CWipaniOB, (ka-par'e-ean) r. (. To ouver with a 
deoorated cloth, as a hone. 

Cape, (kap) «4. [L. cajmt.] A headland : a neck 
of laind extending into the sea ; — a neck 
garment [in a sprightly manner. 

Gaper, (k^'p^) r. i. (L. caper.] To leap about 

Ci^er, (kaper) a. A firaJkaome leap or sitting; 
a skip. 

Caper, (ka'per) n. (O. tappari*.] The flower- 
bod of a low shrub, used lor pickling. 

Oapereailna, (ka-ptr-kAl'ae) n. The wood gronee. 

OapiHaniimt, (ka-pilla-ment) n, A filament *jt 
tine hair-like thread or fibre. 

Capillary, (kap'il-la-ie) a. [L. eapUlus.] Re- 
sembling a haur ; — ^pertaining to capiUaiy tubeit 

or veaaels. 

fine veasel con- 

OapiUaxy, (kap'il-la-xe) n. A 

neoting the arteries and veins. 
Capillazy-tabe, (kap'il-la-ro-tub) «. A tube 

inth a veiy small bore of vdudi the diameter is 

only the haU; the third, Aa, of a line. 
C^pillifonn, (kaiHille-fonn) a. (L. eapiUits and 

forwa. ] In the shape of a hair. 
Capital, (kap'it-al) a. (L. capv^L] Pertaining 

to the head ; — involving, the forteituzv of lilv ; 

— ^principal; leading. 
C^Htalf (kaplt-al) n. The uppermost part of 

aoolumn, pilaster, Ac: — 

the chief dty or town in a 

country; — a stock employ* 

ed in trade, manulkotures, 

Ac. : — ready money ;— the 

estimated value of a buai* 

neas, proi>erty, Ac. ; — a 

Urge tmnting type. 
Capitalist, (kap'it-al-ist) n. 

A man of large means ; ono 

who has much ready 

money or fiinded proper^. 
Gapitaliie, (kap'it^-Iz) v. t 

capital ;— to print in capital letters. 
Capitally, (kai/it-al-le) adv. Chiefly; princi- 
pally :—6XodUently ; fitly; nobly. 
OapitatioB, (kap-it-&'shun) n. (L. eajntatU.) 

A numbering of jpeisona ; a iwll-tax. 
Oi^tol, (kapltK)!} B. CL. cfljMCoititflk] The 

To oonvart 




(kaa'ffr-tre) «. The tree irom 
«hicU aaafitm is obsained. 
Cem-vlMel, (kanlivel) a. A wheel of irregnUr 
oQtUa«, to pndBoe « vadabie motjkm in la** 


Cmorwmi, (kamVood) ». A rod dye-wood. 
Caa, (kaa) a. (A.-& tanme.} A cup or TeiMl 

tar Imioob Bads of "» f**i, 
Caa. (kaa) ■; i. (A.-a ricaaaa.] To be able : to 

have pew, cHbar pbjiical or moxal;— «a 

aoziJiary rerh. 
CaasiSia, (kvnl'de-an) n. An inhabitant or 

Caaaifie. Aa-aalO a. [F.J The coazaeat jmrt of 

is«aJ;-4he rabble. 

Caaal, (ka-nal') u. (U raaaa, leed.] An arti- 
^c^ vatcr-ooorae ; — a doct in the body of an 
Qiaal [Idlea ;— a amaU tinging-bird. 

Caaazy. (karni're) u. Wine made in the Oanatpr 
Caaaatcr, (ka>oa«'t(r) a. A nuh baaket in which 
tobafOQo la packed in Soath America :~-a apedes 
«f cQttofaaoea 

Ciscel. (kanW) r /. CL. eancelli, lattiosL] To 
crm and defiue the iinea of; to blot oat;— 

Caaaei. (kaaael) a. The sappreaaion and reprint- 
ing of a pa^e or pari of a woric ;•>— the frnxt 

Cuecr« (kaa'fl^) n. (8. eanere.} The crab;^ 
A ofa itt the sDdiae de- 
Mun$ the northern limit 
of Uta aon'a eooxae in 
•aBUDar:~-« livid aeiiitioaa 
tiuboor, terminating in an 

rwwntti. (kan'asr-Zt) «. i 
To gnw into a eaaoar. 
Gkaoenaa, (kau'esr-na) a. Caaoer. 

Lik«. or eonabting o^ acaneer; albcted with 

flui^ilalaiiw, (kaa-de-Uk'bnun) n, [L. eandeUtt 

eaadi&J A tall atand 

cr apport tor a lamp ; 

— « bcaacbedand high- 

]j (ffnamented candle- 

Riek ;«-« ehanddler. 
Caada<(kaa'dMl)aL (L. 

('^n-itUut.] White; 

^ . open ; — ftee finom 

^ M : oapfejadioed. 
P"~«iJ^tT, (kaa^dOHlat) CSaadelabram. 

«■ (loe who aeeka, or who ia propoaed for an 

<-fie« or plaoe of trust ;— « oompHitor. 
CiB4idafcna, (kan'de-dtt-nr) m. State or poai- 

^■A <i bnng n candidate 

Caaiidlj, (kin'dja-le) a4fv. Without trick or 

^uwniae ; epeoly : upii^Uy, 
Colle, (kaaTdl) n. (A.-S. caiidtl.\ A cylindrical 

'MdyoT taikyiTp wax* Ao., incloain^ a wick of 

^-udrooMoa thxiada, need forgiving light; a 

''-mdliwai, (kaB'<ll-niaa) n. [A -8. ca»<f«?aurue.l 

A (eatiTal on tlieaecond day of February in 

hoBear of the poriflcation of the Virgin Mary, 
r, (kan'anr) n. [U can<^e.] Openiien ; 
i; franknaiB. 
CaaMly. (kan'de) 1. 1. To conaerre in angar:— 

( >. To be eovased with augair. 
(hBi7t (kan'de) «. (Per. I»ad] A conaerre 

or erAfection of aogar :~in Bombay a weight 

Caady't«ft,(kaB'de-taft)n. [From Candia.J An 

annnal niant cnltivatod in ardena. 

(k&n) ft. [L. caxnri.l A plant of aeroFal 
apecies, aa the bmuboo, rattan^ 
4fo. : the tugar-cune ;— « walk- 

Omm, (k&n) V. t To beat with 
a cane :— to puniah. 

Oaaebrake, (kAnOxrilk) i». A 
thicket of oanea. 

OaaMniU, (kan'mil) a. A mill 
for grinding aogar-cane. 

Oawiwila, (ka-nik'u-la) n. [L. 
cania.] The Dog-atar or Siriu». 

Oaaiae, (ka^nin*) a. (L. rania.] Having the 
propertiea or nature of a dog. 

Cuuuaf * (k&n'iDg) n. A beating with a cane. 

Gaaiatflr, (kau'ia-tcr) n. [G. kanuMtroit.] A 
small baaket of re<!ds or willow twiga, kc ; — a 
amall caae for holding tea, coffee, Sus. 

Canker, (kanglc^r) n. [U cunctr.] An ulcer ; 
— an^ thing which corrodes or destroys ;^a dia- 
eaae in treea or in the £wt of horses. 

Canker, (kanj^^r) t*. t. To corrode ;— to in- 
fect ; — V. i. To rust : to grow corrupt ; to decay. 

Cankered, (kangOccrd) ci. Having a crabbed, 
unkind, or malignant temper. [canker. 

Oankereua, (kang'kcr-us) a. Corroding like a 

Oankiar*irorm« (kaug'k^r-wurm) m. A worm 
destructive to trees and plants. 

Cankery, (kanglcsr-e) a. Crusty; anrly. 

CaaBd-eoal, (kan'nel-k61) n. [Candle-coal.] A 
hard black coal, burning with a clear iUme, 
without smoke. 

Cannibal, (kan'ne-bal) n. TSp. Caribalts.} A 
penon who eats human fleah. 

Caaaibaliam, (kan'ue-bal-ixm) tu, Act or prae<- 
tioe of eating human fleah by man. 

Cannon, (kim'un) it. [L. carina.] A lajge hollow 
metal cylinder cloeed 
at cote end, and vari- 
Dualy mounted, uaed 
for throwing bails by 
the force of gunpow- 
der :^a hollow cylin- 
drical piece through 
which a revolving 
ahaft paasea. Cannon. 

Cannonade, (kan-nn-iidO n. An attack with 
artillery ; a sustained fire of big guna. 

Cannonade, (kan-nn-fid) v. t. To attack with 
heavy artillery ;-^. i. To diKharge cannon. 

Cannon-ball, (kan'un-faawl) n. A ball made of 
caat ir(m, to be thrown from cannon. 

Cannonier, (kan-un-uCr') n. A man who man- 
ages cannon ; an artilleiyman. 

Cannon-shot, (kan'un-ehot) n. A ball for can- 
non ;— the diatance a cannon will throw balla. 

Oanaj. (kan'ne) a. Cautioua : waiy. 

Canoe, (ka-nw/) n. [F. eanot.] A boat formed 
of the trunk of a tree ex- 
cavated, or of bark or 

Canon, (kan'un) n. (L.] A 
law or rule in general;— au^ 
ecclesiastical rule of doc-' 
trine or discipline ; — ^the 
genuine books of the Scriptures ; —a catolo^e 
of saints ;— a continued fttgue ;— one who pos- 
seaMS a prebend for the perfonuanoe of divine 
service m a cathedral :— the lai-gost size of 
typo. [canon ; according to nile. 

Ganonieal. (kan-ou'lk-al) a. FertAining to a 

CaaenioaUy, (kan-on'ik-al-le) adv In a canonical 





Oinaniorii, (kan-on'ik-^lz) n. pL The ftill oflkjUl 

dreas of the clragy. 
Oaaonioityt (kan-on-iB'e-te) n. The aathoritgr 

belonging to the Scriptares u genuine. 
Oaaonist (kan'an-i«t) n. A profeesoir of eccle- 
siastical law. 
Oawmiation, (kan-on-ix-H'shim) n. Ceremony or 

act of placing in the catalogue of saints ; — the 

state of being sainted. jcatalogue of sainta 

Canoaise, (kan'un-iz) r. (. To place upon the 
Oanonihip or Oanonnr, (kan'un-ahip) n. A 

benefice in a cathedral or collegiate cnuroh. 
Oaiiop7f (kan'o-pe) i». [G. Idndpeion.] A oover- 

ing over a throuo or bed ;— an ornamental pro- 
jection, in ^o Gothic style, over doon, arches, 

4eg. [canopy. 

Oaaopy, (kan'd-pe) v.t. To oorer ^-ith a 
Gaaorous, (ka-no'ms) a. [L. cantre, to sing.] 

Musical; sounding: tuneAiL 
Oaat, (kant) n. [W. cant.] An angle :~«n 

inclination tcom a horizontal lino ;— a pttsh or 

Cant, (kant) r. t. To place upon the edge, as a 

cask ; — ^to give a sudden turn to ; — v. i. IL. 

cature, to sing.] To s^wak in a whining toue ; 

— ^to make pretensions. 
Oaat, (kant) n. [L. cantui, chant.] An afTocted 

mode of sjteaking ; — whining x>retensions ;— the 

jargon of gj'paies and thieves. 
Gant, (kant) a. Affected, inelegant, or vulgar. 
Can't, (kant) A oontractiou for eau lutt. 
Cantaloupe, (kau'ta-luOi)) n. A ribbed variety of 

Cantata, (kan-tiVta) iu [It] A poem set to 

music ; a composition for one voice, with choral 

accompaniments. [singer. 

Oaatatrioe, (kau-ta-trSch'e) u. [It.] A female 
Canteen, (kan-tCn') n. [Sp. mnfiua.] A vessel 

used by aoldien for carrying <lrink ;— a barrack 

tavern. [in a moderate gallop 

Canter, (kan't^r) r. i. To move, as a horae, 
Caates, (kau't^r) n. A moderate gallop. 
Canterbury, (kan't^r-bfir-e) n. A wooden stand 

with divisions to hold music, Ac 
Oanthaxia, (kan'tlia-ris) n. [L.] A coleopterous 

insect used for blistering ; tipanisli-fly. 
Cantlole, (kan'te-kl) n. [L. caneir.] A little 

song ;— The Song of Songs, or Song of Solomon. 
Caatillate, (kan'tU-&t) r. f. [L. cautUlare.] To 

chant ; to recite witli musical tones. 
Oaatle, (kan'U) n. [Diminutive of cant] A 

comer or edge of any thing ; — ^the hind-bow of 

a saddle. 
Oaato, (kan'tO) n. [It] A division or part of 

a poem ; — the soprano part ; the leading 

Canton, (kan'tnn) n. [It eantcnt.] A small 

district of territory having a separate govern- 
ment : — a part of a shield or painting. 
Canton, (kan'tan) v. t To divide into dis- 

tn'cts, as territory : — to quarter, as troops. 
Oaatonmeat, (kan'tun-ment) n. A peut of a 

town assigned to troops ;— separate quarten. 
Caaty, (kan'te) a. Lively ; cheerful ; mei-ry. 
Caavaa, (kan'vas) n. [L. cannabis.] A coarse 

cloth made of hemp or flax: — ^the sails of a vessel. 
Caavass, (kan'vas) v. t. To sift ; to examine 

thoroughly ; — to discuss ; — r. i. To solicit votes 

or interest 
Oaavasa, (kan'vas) n. Cloee inspection or sifting 

of a subject: — a seeking to obtidn votes, Ae. ' 
Caay, (Ic&n'e) o. Coniiiting of or aboooding 

with canes. 

To render cap- 

Gaaaoaet, (kan-zo-net^ n. [It eanzoiutUL] A 
little or short song. 

Caoutohooo, (kM'chuuk) n. India-rubber. 

Cap, (kap) n. [A-S. eappe.] A covering for the 
head ; — ^the top or highest point 

Cap, (kap) V. t. To cover the top or end of ;— to 
complete ; to consummate ; — to salute. 

Capability, (k&-pa-bil'e-te) n. Power, adapta- 
bility, or facility in any required direction. 

Cmble, (ka'pa-bl) a. [L. eapere.] Possessing 
aoility, quaafication, or sufficiency ; competent: 

Capadona, (ka-pa'she-us) a, [L. eapax.] Able 
to take in, hold, or embrace much;— large ; 

Capaeiooaly, (ka-p&'she-us-le) adv. In a widely 
receptive manner or degree. 

Capacitate, (ka-pas'it-ftt) v. t. 
able : to qualify ; to enable. 

Capaoi^, (Ka-pas^e-te) M. [h. capacita*.] [Power 
of receiving or containing ; extent of room or 
space; — ability ;— aptitude or qualification: — 
solid contents. (fuot 

Cap-arpie, (kap'a-pe) adv. [F.] From head to 

Caparison, (ka-par o-siui) ft. [Sp. ca}iara»o».\ A 
covering laid over the saddle of a horse; tzai»- 
pings ; — gay or rich clothing. 

Caparison, (ka-pax'e-suu) r. t. To cover witli a 
decorated cloth, as a horse. 

Cape, (kap) ». [L. eajmt.] A headland ; a neck 
of land extending into tiie sea; — a nock 
garment [in a stirightly manner. 

Caper, Hc&'pcr) v. t. [L. caper.) To le^ about 

Caper, (kap^'r) n. A firolicsome leap or spring; 
a skip. 

Caper, (ka'pcr) n. [G. lappariM.] The flower- 
bud of a low slirub, used for pickling. 

Capereaikle, (ka-per-kal'ze) n. llie wood grouse. 

CaidUameat, (ka-pilla-ment) n. A fllaoMut ur 
fine hair-like thread or fibre. 

Capillary, (kai/il-Iarre) a. [L. capilltu.] Re- 
sembling a hau- ; — pertaining to capillary tubes 
or vessels. 

^pillary, (kap'il-la-re) n. A fine vessel con- 
necting the arteries and veins. 

Capillazy-tube, flcap'il-la-re-tub) n. A tube 
with a very small bore of which the diameter is 
only the half, the third, ftci , of a line. 

CapillifornL (kap-il'le-form) a. [L. capiUua and 

/ortmt. ] in the shape of a hair. 

Capital, (kap'it-al) a. [L. caput] Pertaining 
to the head ; — involving, the forteiture of life ; 
—principal; leading. 

Capital, (kaplt-al> n. The uppermost part of 
aoolumn, pilaster, £c.; — 
the chief dty or town in a 
country; — a stock employ* 
ed in dade, manufaotures, 
Ac. : — ^ready money ; — ^the 
estimated value of a busi- 
ness, property, Ac; — a 
large printing type. 

Oapitaiist, (kap'ital-ist) n. 
A man of large means ; one 
who has much ready 
money or fhnded property. 

Capitalise, (kap'i^al-tz) v. f. 
capital ;— to print in capital letters. 

Capitslly, (kaplt-al-lej adv. Chiefly; prind- 
pally ;— excellently ; ntly: nobly. 

uikpitation, (kap-it-a'shun) n. [L. capitatio.] 
A numbering m persona ; a poll-tax. 

Gi^tol, (kaplt-gl) n. [U capitolwn.] The 


convert into 

Cutter {UR 

CvU-MwLl, (Uit^Unah) ■. 

oEtMirMM. (UlVda-TU-ir) n. (F.) Apbato- 
trm^ilx fotVmit on ■ TulLiDg oinl- 
; fluol, (UrW) «. (L,**arta.l 

CMiw, (Ufu-Uj) a. (L. c<>rt.l.«D.J A 
I sawUi ■hituh eUAis mliiluua ; griiUa. 
I C^nhjpiiM, (kv-te-min-iu) b. PoMiniDS 

' OoMa, (Ur-UAn') >. [P. inrton.] A dolfn 

ilnvB m OniDt papn- to ba paintHl In IM*ga ; 

I -timita te upHtiT, Ag>-« tiiiiiUd ikMeh 

bitMk. (Ur-UiMh'] TL (F. ] A ttblat in Uh 
t:rm of ■ nlij — k ahufa fur a lln^nn ;— a 

r i m M a t. (Ur'ttii) ■■ H^ •rAona, papo.) A 
BB « paper aontalniiu a ehariB for a bxhihl 

«to^y«pir. (klTtrif-p^ptr) n. BtoDt paper 
^■bj^artfldxaa aramada. 

(•rtitai, (lii^ifT-a) B. A n(l<4v or wootd, 

CBm.(kin) r.t. [/L-8. rwrftnl To cnt In 

Cenuf. t^arVing) a. Act or art or imtting 

. tizfi^i. (ka-ra-atld) a. [O. tiiniatida.] 
I taab t(iin lappartini Ir ~ — ' — 

Oaah, (kuh) a. [F. rauH 
ready inono7;ao7 paper ccn 

Oaah, (kadi) r. (. To uoliai] 

Oaah-bsak, (kaih'bMk) a. . 
kept a nfleter of money tri 

Oauler, (kaab-ey) il Ooa 
moDer in a bank, (a ; a a 

Oaahin, (kaefa-ErO v. (. [L. < 

In wblch la 

A rich and bchUj 

da^e, (ka-ir!^ it. [It.] A puUlc laloon foe 

danclnf or ilagitir^ 
Ca*k, (kiak) n. [P. cnifvEl A reaiEl fbr ann- 

uiniof Uqaoia made of itarca, beadingi. and 

hnpa ;— the qnaDtitr In a gaik. 
Caakat, (kaal/at) n. [Out.] AnuaU box &a 

SI or other artidaa 
I, (kaik) n. A hetmet 
, (kaab^a) a. |B. qaUi.] A goitu id 

Chaaimen, (fcuWmcT) n. '[8p. CcmxJnL] A 

thin twUied •ooUen cIoUi >-alu ttntf-am 
Cawina, (kia^^o) n. A gaina at tarda. 
Oaaaeak,0ui'ak)iu [F. rauaKc.) Acloae|ai> 

mant worn I7 cEor^ uDd«r Ihe nrpUca. 
Oaaaomryi (ui'iA-Ha-re} n. [HiiuloaC toiw- 

icari>.) A laifa bird 


aod. dkR h> It, Iha . 

lulfart U*lDff bird. -^ 
Oaat, <kan) c.i. (Dan. 

-~ta tnni aa Ilia ilgbt; ^■ 

Oaalava*, (kart'a-wa) a. An 1 

Oaatamr. (kut't^i) a. R«J»t>d : ueleK 
OaiW, (lourt) n. [F. cw».) An order or cli™ i— 

one of tlia four 1 Imi » Islo whiob losletr In 

Oaatallaled, (kutel-Utad) n. Adorned with 

Outv, (kaiVet) H. A phial or enist, ued to 
contain mndimaau al tha Uhla ;-~a luall wheal 
OD a orlTel on which nimitoi* ii rolled:— 

Oaatlfata. (kai^git) 
jmnuh bj iCHpH; to 
CuticatioB. (kaa-t«-ira'j 

Oaat£r. (kaaflng) a. Tha ai 
founding: — any thlnf Amued 
the tr^^T of ImprBHlona of 




box.] Tbe body ; the dead body of man or ani- 
mal; — ruiiu; remaina; — tiw Drama or main 
parte of a ibhkg ;— a vaHtl filled with oom- 

Olid, (kird) n. [I* charta.] A piac* of paata- 
boaid, ai addrev card, playing ourd, ire; 

Card, (iuod) v, i. To game 'f€. t. Tooomb or 
dlMntangle, aa wooL 

Card, (k4rd) n. [L. carduui,} An inatrumant 
tor oombiiig wool or flax. 

Gardiao, (k^rde-ak) n. A medicine which airaitee 
action in the stomach ; a oordiaL 

Cardinal, (kar'din-al) a. [L. cardiruUtM,] Pri- 
mary; — ^Aiudameutai or originating. 

flardinali (kar'din-al) m. One of the aeventy 
eorlftiiattinal princes who oonatitnte the p<^'s 
council :—a short cloak. 

Cardinalahip, (kir'din-al-ahip) n. Ihe oiBoe, 
rank, or dignity of a oardinaL 

Carding -maohine, (kard'ing-ma-ahen) n, A ma- 
chine for oombing wool or cotton. 

Care, (kur) n. (A -8. earn, L. euro,] Con- 
oeni or anxiety of mind ; — charge or ovenight ; 
— attention or heed ; — ^the ot^ect of aiteutiou or 
anxiety ; solicitude ; management 

Care, (icar) r.i. To be anxious, aoUeitoos, con- 
cenied, iucUnod. or diepoaed. 

Careen, (ka-rCnQ v.t. [O. Eng. cnrine.] To 
heave on one aide, as a ship, for calking, repair- 
ing, &c. ; — V. 1. To incline to one side. 

Career, (ka-rcy) n. [L. evrm*.] A course:— 
rapidity of motion ; a race;— general course 
of action ; procedure ; time of ser>-ioiaL 

Career, (ka-rCr') v. i. To move or run rapidly. 

CareAil, (kOr'fMl) a. Full of care or solicitude ; 
— attentive: anxious; provident. 

Carefull^r, (kar'fuul-le) adv. With care, anxiety, 
or solicitude. 

Carefohiesa, (kur'fuol-nes) n. Anxiety; soli- 
citude ; cautious and vigilant conduct* 

Careless, (kar'lea) a. llavuig no care;— fvee 
from anxiety: — ^thoughtless; reganilesa. 

Carelessly, (kur;ie8-le) udv. In an iuMdifferent 
or heedless manner. 

Carelesanesa, (k&r'lud-nes) n. Inattention ; negli- 
genos ; wont of caution. 

Caress, (ka-res') v.t. [F. caresm-.] To treat 
with affection or kindnoss ; to fondle. i 

Careaa, (ka-res') u. An act of endearment; 
embracins with affection. 

Caieaaingl^, (ka-ros'ing-le) adt\ In a loving 
and fondling luonuar. 

Caret, (kiVret) n. (L. camv.] A mark [▲] 
which sliows that somotluug omitted is in- 
serted in the maigin. [freight of a ship. 

Cargo, (kur'go) tu [Up. carfjar.j 'Ihe hiding or 

Carioature, (kAi^e-ka-tur) v. (It. eariealuru.] 
The exaggerated i-e^uiMwutAtion, pictorial or 
verbal, of that which is cluurocteiisuo ; — a ridi- 
culous figure or doscriptiou of a person, iic 

Carioature, (kar-e-ka-tur") v. t. Tu make a cari- 
caturo of; to burlesque. [bone. 

Caries, (karro-uz) ji, [L.] An uloeration of 

Carious, (ka're-us) a. Ulcerated or decayed. 

CarUne, (kot'Un) h. [F. carlmimf.] A timljer, 
ranging fore and afl, over tlie keel. ' 

Gantta, (kor'man) n. A man who drives a cart 

CarmeUte, (kir' w, A monk of an order 
established on Mount CarmeL 

CarmhiatiYe, (kAr-min'at-iv) 7i. [L. eanninare.] 
A medicine to remedy colio and llatulenoy. 

Oarmme, HtAr'min) *•, [L. eat^u4iHU*.l A 
pigment of a rich crimson cohmr. 

Carnage, (kar'naj) n. [L. euro.] The Cesh of 
slain ywiwi^if ;— elaoghter ; maasacn. 

Carnal, (kar'nal) a. (U earoij Pertaining to 
flesh ; fleshly ; — senaoal ; uuregeneiate. 

Caniality, (kar-nal'e-te) n. benauality; — groaa- 
neas of desire or appetata 

Oamaliwi (lur'nal-ia) v. (. To make oamaL 

Carnally, (kkx^nal-e) adv» Aoooxding to the ftesh. 

Camatian, (kar-nA'shnn) «» £F.J l-lesh-ooloiu- : 
— a species of dove-pink. [fleah. 

Canieena, (kar'ne-ns) a, [L.] Consiating of 

Canml, (kar'ne-Tal) n. [IL earHocaU.] A 
festival in Itoman Catholic countries held before 
Lent : — a time of reveliy and Ixolic. 

Caxaivora, (kar-niv'd-ra) lupl. (L. ear^ and 
vortire,} Animala which feed on flesh or de- 
vour othexa. 

Caraivoroua, (kar-niv'6-nu) cr. Feeding on fleelu 

Oareb, (kar'ob) n. [A khurrdb.] A leguminous 
evergreen tree, a native of Spain, Italy, and the 
lisvant. [for pleaBure^ 

Caroohe, (k^rosh') %, [It carozza,] A carriage 

Carol, (kar^ol) n. [L. carola.} A song of joy 
or mirth ; — a devotional eong. 

Carol, (kar'ol) v. t. To praise or oelcbtate in 
song; — I'.*. To warble. 

Carotid, (ka-rot'id) n. [G. I'ar6tid«i.] Alaige ar- 
tery convening the blood from the aorta tu the 

Carousal, (ka-rouz'al) n. A jovial feaat. 

Caroiue, (ka^rouz') v. i. [Ger. ^^araut,] To drink 
abundantly ; to drink in a jovial manner. 

Carouse, (ka-rouz') n. A drinking match. 

Carp, (kiiurp) r. i. [L. ear^x.] To oeneore, or 
fluid &ult without reason, or petulantly. 

Carp, (kari)} n. [L. carjto.] A fiunily of soft- 
flniied, fhwh-water fishes. - , 

Carpenter, (kar'pen-tcr) tt. [L. -— i. - ^ 
curj>€}UuM,l An artificer in " 

Carpentry, (kar'pen-tie) n. 
Art of cutting, framing, and f 
joining timber. 

Carpet, (kai'pet) n. [L. carpers. ] A heavy wool- 
len fifcbric, used as covering for floors, stairs, Lo. 

Cazpeti (kur'pet) v. (. To cover with carpet. 

Carpet-Mg, (kar'pet-bag) n. A travelling-bag. 

Carpeting, (kur'pet-ing) tt. JIateriala for carpet ; 
carpets in general. [ing ; eaviliui^'. 

Caipinff, (karp'ing) m. Unreasonable faolt-find- 

Carpiagly, (karp'iug-le) uUt\ Uaptiottsly. 

Carriage, (kar'rv}) n. Act of carrying ;— a vehicle 
for pleasure or for pusMngen;— demeanour; 

Cairier. (k4r're-^} n. One who is employed to 
carry goods ;— a species of pigeon. 

Carrion, (kar're-uu) n. [Li caro,] The dead 
and putrefying fleah of animals. 

Carrion, (kur're-un) o. Relating to dead and 
putrefying carcasses; — feeding on carrion. 

OarroDade, (kir'un-id) n. A ^ort cannon. 

Carrot, (kar'ut) n. [It. ekrota.] A plant hav- 
ing an esculent root of a reddish-yellow colour. 

Carroty, (kar'ut-e) a. Like a carrot in colour. 

Cany, (kuz're) v.L [F. eharria:] To convey 

' or transport ^— to ttmusfer, aa from one psgo 
to auotber ;— to effect;— -to obtain by fbroe ;— 
to conduct or demean ;— v. >. To oonrey or pro- 
pel ; to bear. 

Cwrae, (kAa) n. Low fbrtila land ttavexaed by a 

Cart, (kart)n. [Lucamu.] Atwo-wbeeled vehicle 
used in husbandry, orfur oanying heavy goods. 



Out, (Urt) *,t TDcuT7CiramT«r«ift 

Vntmf, {Uil^U)<L Ant tf oriTioi 1b i 

— tb« pno* pud lOr cartliw. 
OKM-bUuk^ (UifbUuh) n. |F.| A bluk 

GbrttMl^iUta, (Urt-da-Tli-lO H. [P.J Aphoto- 
fj^diio porlrut on a TijliiDgcud. 
OUM, (Urttl) ■. iLi ctorlo.] An urecDuut 

Bmr, O^Uffr) K. tlM mEO wbo dhiia i 
CBtibin (kar-U-m) m. [i^ tanilag 

- ■■■ ■ , (kU-M-Uiin-ni 
IF. « 

■tnms ^pflr Ui ba pAiDt«d in 

L (kir-toMil n. [F. ] A 
if li nil; — A ohargH fbr % 
— jn Ijmnb. 
C w ti% i. (Ui'M]) ■. iU eiarla 

<Wtn4f«», (kirtrtj-paytrl t 
« >UBb UBetrUfm ua isida. 
.1.— , (kir-ia-Hr-t) « 


>ctilH In K MM to b* didMifid boai euuHO. 

Gull, (kaib) K. [F. (DUH.) Cain 
nady nimcj; luij p>[«r DonisnibLi It 
Cub, dub) I. (. Td uuhugii [or nw 
"-- -^ '— ■- (^ttiilMki ■. A bouk 11 

luptainisUr o: 
Cauia, (kuh-er 

Ou^, au'iiii:) n. An D 
tCulns. (k(-u'a«) n. [11.] 
Ouk.. (kiik) It. f^. caiquf 
lluoin ;^-tb4 qtuutLU in a I 

. Bbicb li 
cborgfl of 


CwiDin. (k..'«-m&t «. (Sp, Caim.™,) 
IblD twHlad woolltn cloUi ' — alio liirir^iiiirt. 

Gauiiia, (ki»«i'itD} ■■ A ■mn* st anU. 

OhmA (k^'i'k)*- (F. eataaju.] AclcBgi 
nunt wAm bj cLeigT uidu toa mrpUcft 

ku'iO-wi-n) H. [HiudcaL Ina 

UifHt Utlnf tdrd. ^ 
lut, (kuC) r.' '"— ■-- 

— U toni u t^ diht: ■i: 

condssa bj liial' 1— ^ 
to fona br pcnuiiif liqnld m 

Cutuit. Oun^iwt) n. Two iiull co 
kbellt of irotj or wood, fkBtmtd to Uie Ui 
uid b«M with thfl iDiddla fljiB™- 

GiistainLT, (kAA^A-vi) ii- An abuidaiud pi 
■ nprobaU. 

Out>«^. (kirt'1-wi) a. R^Hted : OHln 

Cutap OlMt) II, IF. (oJ((,| An Older OP CU 

OaiUUftUd, (kv^l^i^^-*^) 1- Adorned 
OuMr. (liut'cr) n. A phiil 

Ubia : — a DuU wbeel 

Outfiif. (kHilBg) ■ 
Itoimdlni:— ciiT Uiii* mr 

tha UkiBg Df Impnnioii 




Gutor-oil FUat. 

OMt-iztm, (kaatfi-ura) n. Iron which haa been 

oMt into monldflw 

Gutle, (kwr'al) n. [L. ea«(«I7um.] A fortified n- 

•idenoe : a fortran ;— a piece und in ehen. 

Oasae-bailder, (luui'al-bild-cr) n. One who bailds 

cMtlds in tJie air; a Tisionary. 

Oast-oir, (kaaf of) a. Laid aaide. 

Castor, (kaa'ter) n. [L. ca«for.] 

Bubetance found in the beaver. 

Oaator-oil, (kas'tcr-oil) 

C<utus-oiL] The oU of 

a plant found in the 

WcMt Indies. (Palrna 

ChristL) It ia a mild 

Castrate, (kaa'trfiO v. U 

[L. cattrart.] To de- 
prive of the teaticlea ; 

to emaaculate;— to 

unrge or purify, aa a 

Castrated, (kaa-traf od) a. Purged ; purified. 
Castration, (kas-tr&'ahun) n. Act of depriving 

of the teaticlea. 
Caat-ateel, (kast'atel) n. Blistered ateel smelted, 

oast, and xoUed out into bara. 
Casual, (Itazh'u-al) a. [L. canuM.^ Happening 

without design ; occidental ; fortuitous ; occa- 
sional, [sllv ; occasionally. 
Casually, (1cazhTta1-le>a({r. By chance ; aocident- 
Casualty, (kash'u-al-te) n. An aoddent;— an 

accidental injury ; misfortune. 
Casuist, (kazb'u-iat) }k One who studies and 

resolves cases. [conscience. 

Casuistic, (kazh-u-istlk) a. ReUiting to caaea of 
Casuiatry, (kazh'ii-iBtiv) n. Science of deter- 
mining the right or wroug of acta and opinioDs, 

or of cases of conscience. 
Cat,(kat)». [A-S. ca<.] A well-known domestic 

auimjil ; — a strong tackle to draw an anchor up ; 

— a wliip. 
Catacomb, (kat'arkdm) n. [G. lata and itumM.] 

A cave used for the burial of the dead ;— a wine 

Catalensy, (katVlop-se) lu [G. latAlambanein.] 

A sudden suspension of the senses and of voli- 
tion, the body and limbe preserving a fixed 

Catalogue, (kat'a-log) n. 

A list of names, titles, 

Catalogue, (kaf a-Iog) v. t 
Catamaran, (kat-a-raar<»nO ». [Ceylou, eathd- 

ni&nin.] A raft consisting of three pieces of 

wood lashed together, and moved by a large sail. 
Cataplasm, (kat'a-ph«m)n. [G. katapUxMein.] A 




hnta and Ugein.^ 
artiolea arruiged 

To make a list of. 

kaia and halUinJ] 

Catapult, (kat'a-pult) n. 

An engine used by 

the Greeks and Ro- 
mans for throwing 

atones, arrows, &a 
Cataract, (kat'a-rakt) n. 

(U. katariffnxLnai.] A 

torrent ;— the flow of 

a large body of water, 

over a precipice ; — a 

disorder m the eye by 

which vision is marred. 
Catarrh, (ka-taiO *i- [G. kaiarrein^ to fiow down.] 

An infiammatoxy affection of the external organs 

of respiration. 
Catastrophe, (ka-tas'tr5-fe) iu [G. kata and 


ttrtpktin.'] Final event, usually of a disastrous 
nature ;— denouement. 

Catch, (kach) r. (. (A. -8. cmr, fetter.] Ta f<eise 
with the hand ; — to take, as in a anaie or net; 
— to take by infection ; — ^to come upon unex- 
pectedly;— to overtake ; — r. t. To arise and 
keep hold, aa a hook ; to grasp at ; — ^to B])tead 
by infecting. 

Cttteh, (kach) n. Act of seizing ; seizure ; — ^that 
which ia taken; sudden advantage: gain :— « 
play upon worda ; — a humoroua ronnd, in which 
the Bingera alternate the woida ;— the last word 
in a page reprinted at the top of the succeed- 
ing page. 

Catehup, (kaoh'up) n. [Chin. Jh'fjap.] A sauce 
made firom mushrooms, walnnts, &a 

Cataohstieal, (k&t-«-kef ik-al) a. Rehitiiig to or 
consisting in questions and answers 

Cataohetieallj, (kat^ket'ik-al-le) <uf V. By ques- 
tion and answer. 

Cateehiss, (kaf e-kf e) r. t \Q. kaUchizeinJ] To 
instruct by asking qneationa and correcting tlie 
answers ; — ^to interrogate. 

Cateehiam, (kat'6-kizm) it. An elementttty book 
containing a summary of ikcts or principles in 
the ibzm of questions and answers. 

Catsphist, (kat'e-kist) n. One who catechJaew, 

CateehuBMn, (kat-e-ku'men) n, [G. kaiichehu] 
One who is receiving mdimentaiy instruction 
in the doctrines of Christianity. 

Categorioal, (kat^e-gor'ik-al) a. Pertaiuiog to a 
cat^jtnry ;— absolute ; poeitiveL 

CategorioaUy, (kat-e-gor'ik-al-l^ odr. Abio- 
lutely ; directly ; positively. 

Category, (kat'e-gor-e) n. [G. kata^ down, vpt*- 
rtueiiu\ A daas or order of ideas or oonoep- 
tiona ;-<afiSrmatlon of acme quality or preoi- 
cate ; condition. ■ {iiect in a aeriea of links. 

Catenate, (katen-at) r. r. [L. caCfna.) To con- 
Cater, (kH'ter) r. i. IIj. capturt^ to take.] To 
buy or piocure proviaiooa ; to purvey. 

Caterer, (ka'tor-^r) n. One who provides luo- 
vision ; a purveyor in general. 

Caterpillar, (kat'fir-pil-l^r) w.* [O. £ng. enter- 

jjilln.] The lar\'Mi state of a lopidopcexous in- 
aect ; a grub. 

Caterwaul, (kat'er-wawl) v. i, [From eat aitd 
trail/.] To ciy aa cata in rutting time ; to yell. 

Catea, fk&ta) [F. acat. buying.] Food, 
e8peciail.v luxurioua food ; delicaciea ; dointioa. 

Catgut, (kafgut) n. A string or cord luAde 
from the intestines of animals, espedaliy of 


Cathsxtio, (ka-tliAr'tik>a. [G. il-a(Aaro«.] Cleans- 
ing the bowels ; pnrgativ& 

Cathartic, (ka-tbAr'tik) n. A medicine that (iro- 

motes alviue discharges ; a purgative. 

Cathedral, (ka-che'dial) n. The principal churdi 

in a diocese. 
Cathedral, (ka-the'dral) a. Pertaining to the 

head church of a diocese ;— authoritative. 
Catholio, (kath'ol-ik) a. [0. kata and oloc] 

Uufveraal or general ;— liberal ;— pertaining to 

or afi'ecting Roman Catholics. 
Catholio, (kath'ol-ik) n. A member of the 

Roman Catholic churoh. 
Catholicism, (ka-thore-sizm) n. The body of, 

or agreement with, the general doctrine, imty 

tice. and discipline of iiia church; — now the 

faith and practice of the Romish Chui^; 

CathoUeity, (ka-thol-is'it-e) n. Liberality of 

thougUi and sentiment, especially in religion. 

r«l>iill»w. <kk-tbol'e-kon) Ti. (O.) A mudr 

(or III dlHUH : > pUHH. 
' OatUw, (kalltiw) ■. A lilUs «t ;— « donble- 

■dfvi, ibup-pflutfld disnenibnlDg kuife> 
Hat n attt tiilf. &iit-0-iua'Ult) h. A wblp with 

dIhIhIh [brnRectioii. 

0Uavtrtel,(1at4I>trlk-a])R. RtUtingloTUDn 
Oata^toM, ^^-op^tiikij h. rinp. (O. faiUfHron.] 

Tlut put of opUa which opUru ths proper- 

tifla ud pbvDoiiHfu of nfl«ct«d light. 
CkTt-pkv. (kil^fikw} n. A light Bir ;— a dnps ^ 

ttM toed of uu>th«r. 
CmltiM, ftitlJu-pL re. m.uitalu.l DoBKwtio 

qiudrnpadi OQllKtiTilT, aipviiilljr thua of ttas 

inlrr. (luT'kl-n) u. Tn>on which h 
■lanDiwili, u dngooiu, light hoiK, Ac 
Cftn. Oil) ji [L, cavw.l A hollow pi 

Oan, (ktV) V. I. To miiks hollow ; to 

g th« lowei intMtliHi 

jiawtF.i A Tftrivtj of CAbb«n bi 
I udkcvil-Ukshaial, whii£k 

Owukl, Ouwi'il) 0. (li. tKHKlli.l Relitinsto, 

inplTiDg. at oonUinini, ■ ntsae or ouuh. 
CkBBaljty, (haWftrAl't-to) n. ^10 aftlKJ of h 

AOH -, — thv fiwqltj which dbovnu th« ntA- 

ticti betwesi caaiH uid offeou. 
"- **— . {hawi-a'ifaQa} IL Act of CUflillg -, — 

h4 or t*Bnx hy which an oifect f* prbdncoil 

■h [I^' caukl That whkh pro- 

liflo of a qiunua sponasd uid 

To prodBca : to b* tha «- 

M, (k«w.) 

f. (kftw^lAB) n. Uncaued : oiiglna] Id 

Cimiliily. (kuwilat-lB} arfr. Withont otOM, 

OuHwir- <kawi'wi) n. [O. Eng. ciIh^.) A 

Uutio, (hawiTtlk) a. (O. tuinn.) I>atnictjT( 

' UmlM, (kiwi'Uk) n. Aniiuhniii^ which oor 
mla iv dortrujt Uw t«Aun of ODiiiud nb- 

Qj, 0"»«'fi*-»J-l«) "*"■ In • hitwr oi 

r, (laWtq^iL [O. inicin.] A hot, ■ 

Miuwlw, (kawt^-U) r, 1. To (urn or tea 

lag. n«f morbid a(afa,bT allot iiDD, or bj 

Daitigb (tew'ihiiii) il [L firm] Fn 
in nffBiil to daagcr ; pTDrldcDi can; wai 
^•EcontT for ; bond- 

Outin, ^w'diou) (. f. ToflTC doUc* t* 

. iWliiMiJ (kiwVion-ar-«: 
I lion ; (iTan aa a jMf- 

'■hu) iL WuT ; walohl 

iTc ; — ^to avoid dAumr oi 

[warlJy ; p. 

r, (kaw-mha-i*- ■ ■ "■— ^ 


OanUonwiii, (kaw'tbo-na-Da) tl ihoagfatTiJ 
Tigilanoa ; WBtohfnlnoai ; proriduit can. 
DanlMdt, (kaT'al-kld) n. [L. raialiiit.i 

daTaliar, (kiT-a-IcO n. (i. culxiKvi.] A hi 
man : a kDlght ; — odb of tha court j^u-ly of Klug 

lanliar, (kAT-a-leiO i 
lanliB^, (kaT-a-lir 
or haughty numner. 

; — haoghtj. 


ir} A de«p, hollow 


ill ofcaxmu. 

bd ipaos^ — hoi 
rj ]ik» a crow 

tionaandfhvoloiiiobjectlci]*: ^r, 

OaviL (kiVIt) 11. A falK or friTolou objestion. 
OlTllllsr, (IcaT'll-liii) x. DinjutatloD : rrmuid- 

In objection. 
Oaiitr, (kar'e-M n. [L. canu.] A hollow; an 

apartiuv In an Incloai ' 

Caytnn F>pp«r, (kl-o/ptp-fr) k. [Fmm Aiii- 
tmir.) A .erj p^gaiit pmr" 

rtop (o ; to Ifflng to an end 
Oeaadiaa, (ua'lecl a. U'lthw 

JDceoant^ pcrpetnaL 
CuMleaaly, (■Ei'ln-lg) -Ir. 
Gadar, (el'dtri n. |0. tTdroi.] 

Bcii plural cedar of Lo-^ 

Oed>,(^)r. I. [L. ct-\ 
dm.] ToTleld; login 
Qp : to relinqulah » a: 

(Mlinc, (ul'lcg) M. 

" liJiiBt, iHl'an-dIa) n. | 
iw. ) A pl&nt of poppy fa 
labiate, (HfO-brit) i.f. 

praiH highly; ~"'' 


Kfiun.) A plut of tbi 
[L emt-am.] HuTml; 

Oalutlil, (^-lat'raJ) n. An Inhibitul at 

IM«tUU7, {(a-lMfjiI-l*) ndi. In > 

muiw. i«liB litllji or : 

OeLiu, (•«18«]0 a. [O. toUti.] FuMninf to 
0»libiwj. (iri'" " "■ ■- 

CUibaU, (•ol' 

a(lL(gel)n. [L. w^bT.J ADDnUuido 

tr-«) «. Th. 6iMv.lio 

Dt esUi « ooouiDini aU& 
Celt. (Kit) n. [I. ftftLl T 
tanU of tiu w«t of Eojope 

OelCie. (Hlfik) n. Fntalnli 

OsButatleo. (li-mEat-a'ihiiu) ». Ast ot cenunt- 

Ing i-whMon. 
Omularj, (HmVtci-«) n. [O. ^iin^leriBii.) A 

gi»*o-/iird: ■ diiirch-Tiird. 
Oiubit*. (Hii'g-bit) n. (a MnMmnd hiot.i On* 

OeaoUph. (»n'A-U()n. [O. tsi« uid luii/iiit.] 

Ouiiin, (Hiw'er) *. [L. « 

C Mi Mr i il, (nn-*a'r»-*l) a. QaLovinDiE to & cenior. 

Ouurinunn*, (Hn-tn'n-iu-na) n. QuliI]' of 
Oeiuanhlp, (miiei-ihip} n. Offio oi difuitj' 

•i (im'ahdAr-a-bl) a. Wnlkjr of «n- 
- MeinnrnhB-lbla 

a. <Bn'ibiMit4-bl-DM) H. Btata of 

ittr-inj) «. Tbe tamiBiMj fram- 
ing oD wnjcn uij Tuiiud woA i* oontrqcttfd. 

OcBtHtaul, (hh-Iu's-iiwI) a. (L. tmlMMiiLl 
Handndth: bjr the hundiei 

^Vntrrimnl. (■an't«c'»-iiul) " '^ hniuliwlth n^r* 

OtnOfTlAe, (Hn'to-grU) s 

ca^r^ -^ 

at gndiutM into . 

CmUpal.. ( 


oulitH, muj-lamted. 

InJ) .. [U 


lUkting K 


H. Bodiio- 


m'taJ-i.) ., 

. To (Urn 

utnl-la) <ui 


mJddl* poiD 


— lluimi<i.t, 
in 1 aut» ^ 

1. (■n'trik-al) n. Pluod it 


Ctntnpotiil, (•Hi-trip'o-Ul) a. (L. rrnlr 

' — ito-pl) a. [L.c«<lu»uid, 


OtntnrioB, ( , ,_. ... 

0mtai7. (Ha'til-n) h. IL, c(ii1>i>>>,1 A hun- 
dnd -, — & nrioil of A hnndTKl vha 
□aplialk. tii-U'ik) 0. IQ. lipl,aU.j ArtuniDg 

thick kiul dT 

Onta, (■t'riit) ■. [L. am.] A i 
olnbnent, umpond of wnx, oil, Ar 

Dm. ^) >. I. To wu, or »T>r r' 

OmwI, (M'r»«l) a. [1. tirrnlii.] 
■dibit gnin, u wbHt, rra, &o. 

Dind. (M'riral) k. Anr sdibli 
iniviiiE pLuit prodncini gnin. 

gmhdlt>B,(.r.iKb.l^>.. tL.» 

Omelrtb, (lirUotfa} ft. \h.a 

-'-lUmnnndwitbtDBltad — 

nnt. (■et'Buat) ■. IP. 

illod HU, lued foi amUl 




{f mt 9 mO'ne-al) a» Rolating tooeir»> 
jDoony, or external lite ; ritoAL 

' , (aer-dHDd'ne^) n. An oatwud fbfm 
i; — tiie prweribed mode of con* 

dutting a ntiffouM at aooial rite. 
D eumw i wHy , (asr-^inA'iM-al-to) ocCv. Aooord* 
ing to ritaa oad oanmoniei. 

(Mr-^mo'iM-aa) a. Conaistiiif of 
and ritw ;—aooonlliif to custom 
r,^«r-fr-nid'no-«t-le) ad V. Inacore- 
1 mannffr, 
rtifmt^h-md-tteijn, {L, etrinumia.] Fonn; 
rite: — node of showing leTereiiOB, iso> 
Oottaia, (■cr't^) «. [L. tertua,] Sun; real;— 
dateiviiDato ; — aomo or mors; ngalar ; oonatent. 
Cartaialy, (arr'tia-Ie) adv. Witboat doabt or 
qnoCioa ; withoat fidlnra. 
CetaiBtj, (mpc'tin-Ut) n. State of being oectain ; 
—a fiwi or touth eitebliafaied. 
CtffifJMta, (ifi^tif Vkit) m. A written teeti- 
BHiQj to the truth of a tiet, or to the diano- 
ter and qnaliflcatione of a penon. 

<aCT-te-fe-k£'dinn) n. The act of 
ring ; — a writtea deolarstion. 
r. (iei'««-f i) V. t. To ieaiiAr to in writing : 
information of or to. 
Cer:ita4«, (acr'te-tSd) «. (Li eertua.] Freedom 
tnna doabt : mwimiioe ; oertainty. 
Ctmlftan. (ee^rAle-an) a. (Lu canttraa:] Sky- 
blue : fight-Uneu [deer. 

(•er'Tin) a. [L. mrmt.} Pertaining to 
<fl«-<l'rft«a) a. Pertaining to Cmar ; 
applied to the operation of catting oat 
the ibetoa firom the womb. 

(ma) m. a land tax in Scotland. 

(•e»-fli'ehnn)«. [L. ceMore.] Stoppage 
or ending ; — daaoontinuanoe. 
Oeasien, (aaah'an) ». [L.€edere.) A yielding or 

rirrender, aa of property or rights. 
Ciieyeel, (Ms'p6dl) n. A carity eunk In the earth 
tu ntein tfaa aadiment contained in drains. 
Cartu, (aestos) )i. [G. i««(M» gixdlei] AgifxUe, 
particoiarly the gixdie of Venus ;-~ 
—a marriagB gmUe; — a loaded 
k«tbem ooTering for the hands of 

rutaoaowi, (sr tTshf tm) rr Pertain- 
i3xgU>iim wbala. 

Chafe, (eh&f) r. f. [h. cal^acercl To 
note pliyaioal heat by friction ; — 
to irritate : — to wear : — v.L To 

to frst; — to be worn by Oestos. 


(cfaal) n. Heat excited by friction. 
(cb»fct) «L [A.-S. etttfor.] An insect: 
called eoel'-ehnftr, or Maybvff, 
CkaC (dboO *•• i^-^- <va/.] The hosk of grains 
a»J fcisBiMS, 4se. ; — worthless matter. 
CksS; (chaf) 9. L To qni2 or jeer at ; to make 

ClttflBr, (chaf 1^) e. C fA.-S. €fnp<in, to bny.l To 

tnat about a fmrdkose ; to bargain ; to haggle ; 

— r. t. To bay : to exchange. 

CkaOacik, (dhaTfinsh) n. A bird of the finch 

family, said to deli|^t in eha£ 

Chaffy, (chafe) o. Containing chalT;— Ught or 

Ckagriv, (sfaa-gren') fu [F.] Ill-hnmoar or 

Tcxation ; fretrolnea ; spleen. 
Chagrin, ^dtargxCn^ v. t. To rex ; to mortify. 
Cham, (diAa) «. [L. cofmo.] A series of links or 

ziagi cQUiocted and fttted into one another ;— « 

&tter ;— a neck ornament ; — a range, as of moon* 
tsins ; — a succession of erents or ideas ; — £ line 
Ibr measuring land, being 100 links, equal to 

' 66 feet 

Chain, (eh&n) v. t. To fksten with a diain :~to 
enslare ;— to unite dceely and.strongly. 

Ohaia-bridge^ (ohAnlnriJ) n. A bridge suspended 
on chains ; a snspension bridge. 

Chain-cable, (ohin1ia»bl) n. A cable made of 
iron links. 

Chain-pomp, (ch&n'pnmp) n. A pump consist- 
ing ofan endless chain, curying backets throagh 
a wooden tube, and moving on two wheels. 

Ohaia-ahet, (chin'shot) n. Two balls, ko., oon- 
nected by a chain, and used to cut down 
maste, kc. 

Chair, (chftr) n. (L. cathedra.) A movable seat 
with a back ;•— an official seat, as of a Judge, 
proteasor, or president; the olBoa itself; — a 

Chair, (dhflr) r. t. To carry in trinmph. 

Chaixman, (ohii'man) n. The presiding officer of 
an assembly ; — one who carries a sedan. 

ChaiTmanahip, (char'man-ahip) u. The office of a 

Ghaiae, (shas)n. [F.cAaire.] A two-wheeled, one- 
hone carriage, with a calash ton^ 

COialoedony, (kal-eed'6-ne) n. [From Ckaleedm.] 
A variety of quarts; whito^gate. 

Chaldee, (kat'de) n. language of the Chaldeans. 

Chaldron, (chAl'dran) n. [CiUdrmi.] A messore 
for coals consisting of thirty-six bushels. 

Chalioe, (chal'ls) fi. {L. ealix.] A cup or bowl ; 
a communion-cup. 

Chalk, (cfaawk)n. [A.-S. eeo/c] A soft, opaque, 
white, earthy sabstance. 

Chalk, (chawk) v. t. To rub with chalk. 

Chalkinesa, (chawk'e-nes) n. State of being 

Chalky, (chawk'e) a. Consisting of, or resembling 

Challenge, (challei^) n. [Nor. eoUnffe.] A de- 
mand of any kind;— asummoos to single com bat. 

ChaUenge, (challenj) v.t. To defy;— to sum- 
mon to answer; — ^to claim; — ^to make objection 
to, as tojoron. 

ChaUeageahle, (challenj-a-bl) a. That may be ar- 
raigned or called to accoant. 

Chatybeato, (ka-lib'd-&t) a. [0. ekalwpt.} Im- 
pregnated with iron or steeL 

Gnalybeate, (ka-lib'e-at) n. Any water or liquor 
into which iron enten. 

Chamber, (chilm1l)9r) n. [L. cnmera.] A retired 
room used for lodging, privacy, or study;— a 
compartment oi* hollow closed space; — a place 
where an assembly meets, and the assembly 

Chamberlain, (di3m'btr-lan) n. [Ger. kammer 
and linff. ] An attendant who has chaige of the 
ohamberj ; — a treasurer of public money. 

Chameleon, (ka-mel'yun) n. [0. ehamaiMtn.] 
A liard-like reptile, .-^ — -— - »^ ^ 

about seven inches in 
length, with a tail 
four or five inches long, 
remarkable for the 
sudden changes of col- 
our which it assumes. 

Obamf^t, (cham'fret) 
n. A small gutter; a 

KDOve; — a slope or 
Chameia, (aham'waw) 




fHtk ffammziu] A 

ewM (/ Mtokm lifiot; on 

th« immnteui ' rid^M of 

y,nT'fV« y—nat^ Imther pr»- 
jAfM from ito dUn. 
Cuoip* (eluisp) V, t. fO. 

/////'i9, to gn«w.3 To bite 

M'ltb repotted action of tha 

tMth :>^. i To bit« frv- 

CluuBMifM, (■ham'pAn) «. 
A llgnt win« from ChunpagiM, in Frmnw. 

OhampnifB, (•hain^pfto) n. A list, open ooontiy. 

OhMDptifBt i»haxac\t&n) a, FUi or open, as a 
eminiry: leTeL 

Ohsmpien, (cluun'pe-nn) n. [L. eamjmi.] A oom- 
Imunt ; a hero ;— <»ie who figfaie fbr the came 
of fttiother ; — on^ ready to fight against all 
<yfrnem ^--^lefiBnder. (uig a diampion. 

OhampiflAship, (cham'pe-un-ship) n. ^tate of be- 

Obanes, (chanii) n. [F. checir.] A fbrtoitoos 
ovont ; — aodoent ; — opportunity ; — finrtnne, 
Ko(n1 or bad ;~tha poaiibilitj of an ooootrenos. 

Onaass, (ohans) v, i. To happen or anire with- 
out deilgn qr expectation. (fortnitoos. 

Ohaiiss,(ohans)a. Uappeningb9rchanos:oasaal; 

Ghaaoelt (cban'sel) n. [L. canedli.] That part 
of a chunh where the altar ii plaoed. 

Ohaaeellor, (cban'sel-lcr) n. A diief notary;— 
the highest oflloer, as in the state, nniTenity, 
iio., entitled to affix tha official seal to laws, 
(loOroe*. 4m. 

Ohaaoellonhlp, (chan'aol-ler-ship) n. The office 
of a olianooUor. 

Ohtaoe-msdley, (chans'med-le) n. The killing 
of another upon a sudden encounter, or by ac- 

Ohaaearr, (olian'ser-e) n. [L. eaneellariut.] A 
court of canity ; proceedings in equity. 

Ohanere. (siuiugk'cr) n. fF. ehaneif.] An nicer. 

OhaadeUer, (uliaiwlO-lC'r') ii. (L. eandda.] A 
fhvinn with brsnohes to hold lights. 

Ohandlsr, (chandler) ti. [F. ehanUelier.] Amann- 
fiicttirer of, or dealer iu, candles : — a dealer in 
other oommoditlM. [by a chandler. 

Ohandlery. (ohnnd'lcr-e) n. The commoditiee aold 

Change, (oh&t\]) I*. (. rF. ehautfer.] To alter; 
t(i NulMtitute ;— to quit a place or state for an- 
other :— to give or reoeiTe an equivalent for, 
nn tnonoy ;— r. i. To be altered ; to undergo 
VArlatlon in form, nature, iio. 

Change, (ohilitj) ii. Variation or alteration:— 
•ubsiltutlon ;~Himall ploocs of money given for 
Isrger piiKivs or notes : — the balance of money 
iMyoitd the price naid; — a public room for 
merooiitile traniHictious. 

OhangeabUt (ohatv)'a-bl) <f. Capable of or liable 
to oltanm ;— vorlAble: fickle : unsteady. 

OhaafitBlensia or OhaagMkoility, (ohtlnJ'a-bl- 
lion) II. Fickleness ; inooustan<nr ; mutabiUty. 

OhaagMbly, tchOui'a-ble) orfr. Variably. 

Ohaafsfteli (oniLi\J'f06l) a. Inoonstant ; mutable : 
variable. [fUl manner. 

OhaafefuUy, (ch&nJ'ftVM.le) cdr. In a diange- 

ChaagefUhieat, (chai\J'f06l-nes) m. Qusli^ of 
iHtlug ohangef\iL 

OkanMlsst, (chaiUIss) o. Without change; 
AtetV; c\>»stAnt: unwavering. 

Ohaageliat, (chanjling) n. A child left or taktn 
In tlie pliioe of onotlier :— one apt to change. 

Chaanel, (vhan'nel) n. [P. niNat] A water- 
Mmrss : the bml of a stream ;— a strait or nar- 
•^^w Boa ;— means of oommunieatioik ;— medium. 




t. To 



diants; — the 

. r.t 

to groove. 
Ghnt, (dmt) r. t 

iBsoag; — toial 
Chaat, (chant) fi. 

eal tooes ;— a pfeee 
Chaatir» (chanter) «. One who 

tenor or treble pipe in a bagpipe. 
Omnttetov, (efaanfe-Uir) n. [ChtnU and c/mv.] 

A cock, so called flram his oosring. 
Chantry, (diant^) il An endowed dmpet where 

maases for the aooJs of the donon are said. 
Gbaos, (kft'os) n. (G. clutot.] Empty, infinite 

space ;— onofganiaed matter before the creation : 

— a conlkieed or dJecsdered msw (ftieed. 

(Shaolie, (kArOt^) a. Resembling chaos: oon- 
Chap, (ciKm) v. f. [D. tappe*.] To cleaTe or 

open longitndinally ; to qilit; — r.t. To crack 

or open in long slits. 
Chanf (chap) n. A kmgitadinal dell or chink : 

— ^the Jaw, either of num or beast ;— « yonth. 
Ch^tl, (chap^el) n. (F. eapelte,] A prirate 

oratory : — a district church. 
Chaperen, (shai/a-rta) n. [F.] A hood or cap 

worn by knignta of the Garter ;— one who at- 
tends or escorts a lady in public places. 
Chapenm, (shap'e-rftn) v. t. To attend in public 

places as a gnide and protector. 
Ouaptter, (chap'it-cr) n. [L. caput, head.] The 

upper part of a idllar or column, 
flhsplain, (ch&plfln) n. (F. rhapelain,] An eocle- 

ftiastic who p erform s service in a chapel ; — a 

clererman attached to a ship of war, army, 

pnUic institntion, or ftmily. 
Cuaplainey or Chaplainahiii, (chq/ian-ae) ». Tlie 

office or station of a chaplain. 
Chaplet, (cbap'let) 31. [F. chapeUt.] A wreath 

for the head ; — a string of beads. 
Chapman, (chop'man) n, [A.-S. ceapnn.] One 

who buys or sells : a merchant. 
Chapter, (chap'tcr) tt. [L. caput.] A division 

of a book or treatise ;— a corporation in a cathe- 
dral or collegiate churdi; — an oxganised branch 

of some sodety. 
Chaptrel, (chap'trd) n. [From chapiter.] The 

capital of a pier or pilaster wliich 

I'eceivos on arch. 
Char, (char) n. [A.-S. cfrr.] 

Work done by the day ; a single 


>, (chAr) n. A fish of the same 

family as the salmon or trout. 
Char* (chAr) v. t. [Ir. eaor.] To 

reduce to cnaicoal ; to burn ^nr- 

CniariLoter,(kar'ak-t€r)n. [G.char- 

aMfin,] A letter or sign;— there- Choplwl. 

presentation, or estimate of a person or thing: 

reputation;— personal qualities :— the posseasur 

of individual qualities : on eccentric 
Charaoteriatie, (kar-ak-tfr-is'tik) a. Serving to 

constitute the character ; peculiar ; distinctive. 
Charaoteriatieal]7,(kar-«k-tcr-is'tik-al-le)odr. In 

a manner showing individual character. 
CharMtntw, (kar'ak-t^r-u) r. f. To maik 

with a stamp or figure.'— to express or depict 

the peculiar nature and qualities of. 
Charooal. (chArk&l) n. The residue of animal, 

vegetable, and mineral substances, when beated 

in cloee voskIs. 
Cham, (chAij) 11. (F. c?iarffe.] Care; tmst;— 

burden on property, any thing debited to one; 

— SMxmsatiou or imvutation ;— * Ibrmal addreai, 



as of » JvdfB <v biabop;— the foroo to wrve a 

iMllwif or £s9-^xxn. : — an ooiet or attack ; — the 

•BgDaL fior tXtatk. ; — •mblem oq an eacatcheoo. 

RuKtiB«, ithiaj} 9. L (F. cluu-ger.] To impose, as 

a luad, teak, or trnet ; — to exhort in an earnest 

or aatfiorilntive manner;— to phwe to the ao> 

caaskt of, as a debt: — to aoooae of; — to load as 

a gan or battery;— to nuh upon:~v. i. To 

Ceb4T/a^bI) a. CftpaUe of being Im- 
jpOBod or ixBpated ;— eerving to oraate expense, 
rnaijai, (dkaxj'cr) «. One who, or that which, 
chaises ; — a bugs dish ;— a hone naed in battle. 
rhaii^y, (dbar'd-le) adw. In a cuefh], waxy man- 
ner: caatfaiasljr. [or cautions, 
(c^kftx'e-nea) n. Qoality of being eharj 
(dUkx'e-nt) H. [F. ekar.) A war car; — 
a tottr- wheeled plea- 
»az« or state caRisge. 
gfc**'***^ (aukr'e-ta- 
fal) e. Foil of lore 
a£»] good will;— lib- 
eral to tha poor ;— dio- 
tated hy kixtdneai ; be- 

ta-bt-nes) m. Quality Oiariot. 

e^baixks citaritable. 

Chantablj, (ch4rVta-ble) adv. In a charitablo 
Ttvanpffr; goneroosly. 

Charily, (eate'e-te) n. [Li eariia*.] Lore; good 

will to mea ; — liberality to the poor ;— alms ; — 

libomlity in Jndging ;— a charitable in»titatiou. 

rbsiTaJBa. (ahdnna-tan) n. [It. eiarlare, to prate.] 

A qoack ; an empiric ; an impostor. 

(cbdum) n. [Ll earmen.'i Something 
occult power ;~a speHl ; — ^that which 
and attracts; tasdnation. 
(cfaarm) v. L To subdue by occult influ- 
;— to attract ; to please greatly. 

(cbinn'fir) a. One who channs, de- 
figtsti^ or enchants. 

Jkazasaoc* (diAnulng) p. a. Flessing in the 
highest dopee* fkadnatiug; deli^tftu. 
^anaaasljt (cfa4rmlng-]e) adv. In a chazm- 
ing aod deUg^ttal manner. 

(cfa^nel)a. [L. earo.] Containing the 
of dead men or animals. 

(chAr'nel-hous)tt. A place under 
a church where the bonea of the deed 
^eMrt) «. (L. ekarta, G. ckartis, a leaf of 
.] A sheet containing information in tabu- 
map of a portion, of sea, and the 
laal whkdi. it surxoonda. 

I&artar, (cfairff ) «. [L, cAarta, paper.] A 
writittg taealowing rights and privileges ; act of 
i a u u apuiatioo ;— the lettllig or hiring a reaael by 

r, (ehAifcr) v. t To eatabliah by charter ; 
^-to bare or tot br eharter, as a ahip. 

,(ohiM''erd-bangk)fi. Abankpos- 
a diarter of incorporation. 
tty, (chirf er-nlkr-te) n. [F. ekartrt 
parUt.} A o<mditi<maf agreement respecting 
thehifaofa rmel 

CakartUBt (eUftlzm) n. [F. eKarte, charter.] 
The pnaciples of a pcditioal party txpnmed in 
** the JIvo Mints of the Peopl/t eharter." 
Chaitiat, (emtrt^) a. A supporter or partiaan 
of dMrtana. 

Chary, (di&r'e) a. [A.-S. eearig.} Not indinad 
to be liberal; doee; cointioiUL 

(chAs) V. (. [Lb ccptiare.} To pnnue; 
to hunt; — to drive;— v. t. [JEncAoM.] To en- 
grave, as plate, with deoorative figures. 

Cnaae, (chas) n. [F. chaste.] Hunting as of an 
enemy or game; — that which is pursued or 
hunted;— ground to which game resorts. [L. 
eafim.l An iron frame to ooufino type; — a wide 
giVpre. [the head or stem of a Tessel. 

Ohaser, (chis'fir) n. One who chases ;— a gun at 

Ohaam, (kazm) n. [Q. ehasma.] A deep opening ; 
a cleft :— a gap or break. 

(Hiaste, (chAst) a. [L. caet%u.] Pure ; Tirtuous ; 
modest ; — simple in taste and style. 

Ghastely, (chastle) adv. In a chaste manner; 
with purity. 

Chasten, (chas^n) v.t. [L. eaatipare.] To cor- 
rect by putushment; to pain for the purpose 
of rBclaimlng ; — to puriiy. 

Ohaiteneas or Chastity, (ohfisVnes) n. Purity 
ftora unlawful sexual intercourse; — IVeedora 
fh>m ofaeeene or extravogaut thoughts or ex- 

Onastise, (choa-tuO v- 1. [L. eastiffare.] To in- 
flict pain upon for punishment or reformation ; 
— ^to f^ree from fkults or exoeeses. 

Chastisement, (ohas'tiz-ment) n. Fnin inflicteil 
ibr punishment and correction. 

Chasuble, (chos'u-bl) n. [L. eanda.] A vest- 
ment worn by the priest in saying maoL 

Chat, (chat) v. i. [A.-S. ettitdan.] To talk in a 
light and fkmiliar manner. 

Chat, (chat) n. light, familiar talk ; prate. 

Chateott, (shi-td') u. [F.] A castle ;— a country 
seat. [cat's ej/f. 

Chatoyant, (shA-toi'ant) n. A chalcedony colled 

Chattel, (chat'l) n. [F. ehatal.] Any kind of 
property, movable or immovable, except free- 
Chatter, (<Aiaf t^r) V. i. [D. koetertn.] To utter 
rapid and indistinct sounds; — to prato; — tu 
sound by rapid ooUiBion, as the teeth tnm 
cold, JKX [magpie; idle talk. 

Chatter, (chaft^r) n. Bounds like those of a 

Chatterer, (chafter^r) n. A prater; — a bird, so 
called fkom its loud and monotonous note. 

Chatty, (chafe) a. Talkative. 

Chana-medley, (shfid'med-le) n. [F. cfiaud and 
meter.] Homicide in ah ainay. 

Chaw, (chaw) v. t [A -8. e«oteaM.] To mosti- 
eate, as food; to chew, as the cud; — ^to consider. 

Cheap, (chep) a. [A-S. eeap.] Bearing a low 
price ;--of small value ; common. 

Cuieapen, (chep'n) r. t. [A -8. reapan.] To chafTer 
for ; — to beat down the price of. 

Cheaply, (chSple) adv. At a small price ; at a 
low rate. 

Cheapness, (chii/nes) n. Lowness in pric& 

Chess, (chet) v. (. To deceive and defraud in any 
way; to impose upon. 

Cheat, (chet) n. [A -8. eeat] An act of decep- 
tion ; a famd ; — a person who cheats. 

Chsek, (ohek) n. [F. ickee.] A restraint, physi- 
cal or moral ; a hindrance ;— a mark put against 
items, ftc, in going over a list;— an order for 
money at a bonk ;— any counter-register used 
as security ;— in chesa-playing a movement re- 
quiring the adversary to move or guard his king. 

(week, (chek) v.t. To put a audden or continued 
restraint upon ; — to rebuke ; — ^to make a mark 
against names, Ac, in going over a list; — ^to 
compare with a counterpart ; — v. i. To moke a 
stop; to pause ;— to clash or interflsre. 

Ohtwcr, (ohflk'sr) V. t To forminto little Bq.uares; 



—to diTcniiy with different qualities, •oenei, 
or tfventa : — alao Chequer. 

Oheoker, (cbek'cr) n. Work rarled olteniAtely 
as to its ooloan or materials. 

Oheokora, (chek'erz) fi. pL A game, called also 
drauffhu, plajed on a board of sixty -four 
squares of alternate ooloors. 

Gheekmate, (chek'mat) n. [Per. thah mdt.] The 
final muvomeut in chees; — oompleto defeat; 

Cheokmate, (chek'mat) v. t. To put in check, 
as tho king of an adyeTsary, so that it can 
neither be moved nor guarded;— to defeat. 

Oheek, (chek) n. [A.-S. ceac] Each side of the 
face below the eyes : — assumption. 

Cheep, (chep) v. i. To chirp, as a small hiid. 

Cheer, (cher) n. [G. kitra, head.] The oonn- 
tenance and its expression of joy ;— a state of 
gayety ;— provisions for a feast ; entertainment; 
— «pplauBo : enooun^emont. 

Cheer, (cher) v. t. To causa to rejoice; to ren- 
der cheerfnl ; — to infuse courage, hope, ^'a , 
into;— to urge or salute bv cheers; — v. i. To 
grow cheerful ; to become gladsome. 

Cheerful, (cher'fcMl) a. Having good Bi)irits; 
calmly joy Ail ; — willing ; lively. 

Cheerfully, (chCr'fMMe) adv. Heartily ; readily. 

Cheerfulness or Cheerineaa, (cher'fuul-nes) n. 
Good spirits ; moderate joy or gayety. 

Cheerily, (cher'e'le) adr. TVith cheerfblness ; 
with spirit [or comfort ; gloomy ; dreary. 

Cheerleas, (chernes) ri. Without joy, gladness, 

Oheerlesaneaa, (cher'les-nes) n. Absence of hope, 
oomfort, or joy. 

Cheery, (ohgr'e) a. In good spirits; lively; 
hearty ; — promoting cheerfulness. 

Cheese, (chez) n. (A. -8. ce»e, Lt. comus.] Curd of 
milk, separated from the whey and pressed. 

Oheeae-oake, (chCzlcak) n, A cake made of soft 
curds, sugar, and butter. 

Cheese-monger, (chuz'mung-gsr) n. One who 
deals in cheese. 

Cheeaeppress, (chez'pres) n. A press for expelling 
wh^ from curd in the making of cheese. 

Cheesy, (chCz'e) a. Having the nature, quali- 
ties, or form of cheese. (try. 

ChemioaL (kem'ik-al) a. Pertaining to chemis- 

Chemioally, (kem'ik-ai-le) atlv. According to 
chemical principles ; by chemical prooess. 

Choniae, (she-mSaO n. [F.] A shift or under- 
garment worn bv females. 

Chemiat, (kem'ist) n. A person Tetsed in chemis- 
try ;— a druggist 

Chemistry, (kem'ist-re) n. [F. chimie.] The 
science of matter in its elements, forms, and 

Cheque, (ohek) n. An order for money. 

Ohanah, (cher'ish) v. t. [F. chii-ir.] To treat 
tenderly and fondly ; to foster. 

Cherry, (Cher's) n. [L. eetxuui.'\ Tho fruit of 
a tree of which there are many varieties. 

Ohcnry, (oher'e) a. Red ; ruddy ; like a cherry. 

Chert, (chert) tt. [Jr. eeirthe.] An ittipaxe, mas- 
sive, flint*like quartz or homstone. 

Cherub, (chet^ub) n. [H. kerUb,] A celestial 
spirit : an angel ;~-a beautiftil child. 

Chemhical, (cfae-r66'bik-«l) a. Of or pertaining 
to cherubs; angelic. 

Cheaa, (chea) n. [Per. ahdh.] A game ph^ed 
by two persons on a board containing sixty-foor 
squares, with two different seta of pieces. 

Cheaa-board, (ohesl)ted) n. The boud wed in 

Chtia man, (chessman) n. A piece used in tho 

Suneof cImm. 
eat, (chest) n. [A.-S. cesC] A box or ooffei 
of wood or other material ;— the trunk of tho 
human body ; — ^the quantity a case oontaina. 

CheatBUt, (ohes^ut) n. [O. Ixiithiiion,] Tho nnt 
of a tree iMlonging to the genus Costaaea;— the 
tree itself, or its timber. 

Chestnut, (ches'nut) a. Of the colour of a chest- 
nut; reddish brown. 

Gheral-da-friM, (she'val-de-fres) n. (F. eheral 
and Frue.] A piece 
of timber txav«rsed 
with wooden spikes, 
pointed with iron, 
used for defence: — 
pi. Chovraz-da-Mae. Chevsl-da'frise. 

CheTalier, (shev-a-l£rO n. [P.] A horseman ; — a 
knight ; — a gallant young man. 

Chew, (ch60) r. t. [A.-S. eeotran.] To bite and 
grind with the teeth ; to masticate ;— r. i To 
ffrind with the teeth ; to champ. 

Chicane, (she'kOn) n. [F. j Axtinoe or stratagom ; 
— an artful subterfug^. [artifices. 

Chicane, (she'kan) r. t. To use shifts or mean 

Chicanery, (she-kaa'{r-«) n. Mean or unfair 

Chicory, (chik'o-re) n. [L. cichorium.} A plant 
used for adulterating coffee ; saoooiy. 

Cniioken, (chik'n) n. [A. -8 eietH,] The young of 
fowls, particularly of the hen :— « young person. 

Chieken-haartad, (chik'n-hart-od) a. Timid. 

Chidken-poz, (chik'n-poks) n. A mild eniptive 
disease, genetmlly attacking children only. 

Chidc-weied, (chik'wCd) tt.' A species of weeds 
of different genera ; a oosnmon food of birds. 

Chide, (clud)«.t. [A.-S. cidan.] To rebuke ; to re- 
proach :— r. t. To find fault ;— to make a clam- 
orous noise. 

(Hiief, (chui) a. [F. eW.] Highest in office or 
rank ;— most eminent ; taking the lead ; most 

Chief, (ch^ n. Head cr leader^<-princlpal per- 
son or thing ;— upper part. 

Chiefly, (ch&Tle) adr. In the first i^aoe : prin-> 
cipally ; above all ;— for the most part ; mostly. 

Chieftain, (chif tan) n. [L. cai>u(.j The head 
of a troop, army, or clan. 

Ohieftainahip, (chef t&n-ship) n. Rank, office, or 
quality of a chieftain. 

Chiffonier, (shif-fun-erO n. An ornamental cup- 
board, (hand or fbot produced by cold. 

ChilbUin, (chill>Un) n. A blain or sore on the 

(Hiild, (chiM) n. [A.nB. cild.] • A son or a daugh- 
ter ; ^e progeny of human parents i^-a young 
person of either aex i^'pL descendants, however 
remote. [ducing children. 

Child-beaxinf , (ddldlfir-ing) n. Act of ino- 

Childbed, (child'oed) n. The state of a woman in 
Utbour. [a child. 

Childbirth, (chnd'b(rth) n. Act of bringing forth 

Childhood, (chiklliuOd) n. The state of s child : 
the period from birth to jmberty. 

Childiah, (ohild'ish) a. Ot ot pertaining to a 
child; puerile. [of a child. 

(JhildisUy, (child'ish-Ie) adv. In the manner 

Childiahneaa, (child'ish-nes) n. State or quali- 
ties of a child ; -simplicity ; frivoUty. 

Childless, (ohildTes) a. Destitute of chUdren or 
oApring. [submissive; dutlfid; docile. 

ChUd-like, (chndOIk) a. Like or beooming a child ; 

Chiliad, (kele-ad)«. [Q,chUias,] A thousand; 
^specially a thoufliod yean 

OUIl. (cbil) a. [A.-8. E«(<.| Cold; tandliw 1 
I aUB ktalvoifDf ;— ccot in muuHr; dlsUbt ^- 
F dtapuiteiL 

7, (chim'riaj H. (O. tnmiiuH.; Tlw put- 
■^ Qtfna^ whicb the uiokB of a flit-plaaa^ 
Ac ii«krrudoir;— abiibe pland iibove jl UmpL 
—-- ■-^' -0)11. Th* oniit-iiDlug, 

It-li > uUn J 

et Atiim, Bnd vbto hll U 
■nmi la fana UuM to 
Ckia.(<ifaln)i>. (i-8.riii«.l 
Tfafi lawRaitmalljr of th* 

■ilfaioini parta tat caaunf. 
flknk. (chinik) ■. (A.-a. eiiu.l > 

CkLak, (diioffk) tp, i. Td cnek ^ U* vjjw , 

Oiik. (chlngk) H. TtM mnbcntlcm of 

aiak, (ctalDfli) k L To aaiind I? luUitli 
siiiii*,«(u:— r. >. TontU*: tajlocl*,!* 

OiAr, (<AiD|k'e) R. FUlotllinni: tip 
CUatt, <cUali) «. [Hlni. tMUIitt-t I 

ilotti printed irlth Somn ud oUwr dt 

In dlflkmrt calODn, 
CUf, (cUp) *. (. (H. 0«r. Hppn.] Toon 

•DuD piBw»;— to datAch or cot effi— n.i 

bnAk «)r f^ off In nukU pfooaa. 
Chip, (ehlp) H. A Blaiiaof nod, Ai., aspi 

traia > Ufai Vidr by an ana, Ao. ;— # 

OUrOfi^ta, (kfrlVgnfi «. |0. (*<jr ani| inii- 
ntfln.] A Isfal dncniiuiBt wrliuo in duiiUoila. 
vurac^qifaT. (ki-rog'n-fi:} n. Tba art uf wiit- 

OhiialaiT, (ki-m'o-ja) h. [Q. rkrir and lofFoi.1 
ConTsirliia hj maana of tlia hauJa aud dugan, 
aa bj tha anat and dmoK 

CLln^odiat.Oii-mi'al-IU)*. [0. et<i>and;»w) 

bat. [iboit, ahair aooDi), ■• a fowl or cricket. 
Ohir^ Ukfrp) >. i. (Qar. untirpni.] To uulu • 
QUrp, (cbfrp) ■, A ahort^ iharp nolo. 
Ohiinp, (dici'up) c. 1, To qniokan at uitoata 

by i3fairping ; — r. i To ohlrp. 
OUnugaaB, (ki-nu'Jau} n, 10. cAfir and nvfin.] 

, j,Qa-m'itr*)n. Battnrj. 
(chittlin. [F. ewnu.] An Initrnment 
mod to ■ cnttinn adn. tbi pariuii. hew- 

Chic, (ihjl) h'. [A.S 

thootidg of a plant; a irrout; 

abort note. ^alr; ; gBllajit ; 

Ohinlnoi, (ihlT'al-nu) a. rerti 

majiiier ; boldly : gallantly. 
OhlTalir, (ihlT'al-ra) n. [F. cirra 

hood i—ffailantiT ; beroiim : kjil 
Ohlaiata. (Ua'nt) lu A ult li>iu< 

of chloric add witli a baao. 
Ohlnrlo, {kliyrik) a. rflrtalntng 

CUorida, (klA'rlil) n. A oompou 

wltb anoUixr glcmant. 
Clhlarliia.(kl«'riii)N. (O. c. 

of gnaniah colour, niad ii 

OUaiita, (kU'rit) n. A silnanl of a ethd 

OUonfotBi, (klu'rd-fOrm) h. IFiom citlnnur and 
/aPBjil.J An Dilr volatita liquid uniiitiiig of 
carboD, titdrogen, and dilorlna. Itlaapowfii- 
fal anamietia afonL 

OUaiMia, (klS'i6^) iL (Q.| Tha fnan liek- 

In m baijnin, i: 
Hoot.} iliB fti 

^°^^ "kariii'S^ /"w^lm* 

nfoo; — tba beverage caade bj dlaaolTing choc^ 

late.paat* in boiiinir wat«r. 
dhaioa, (choli) n. (F.c«omr.1 Aot of cbooaing : 

— tbn power Df ohooeinf ; option; yivfarviuH; 

— thfl tbina chonan. 

Iholaa. (chsSt) a, Worthr of being choaon;—de- 

llbant*!}' clioeea ;— predmu; »», 
Oheil, (kwir) n. [O, cftaro*.] An orsaniaedoom- 

panj of atngan ;— Uut part of a obnrch appcS- 

prlatad to the ilii|ara >-tfae ohanocl. 
(&eke. (chok) .■, l. [^--a. iUt6r/an.i To atop 

- I biwMi; to etimnglo^— to oheok napintiou 
tbg wladplpe : lo luSowta :— to block up, aa 

, To hare the windpipe ilipad; — to ha 

. Carhonio add ga 

Oha^, (cbBk>> a. Bam 


Mpftowd to b0 Um MBtof UkepdMBoiu; ancer; 

Ohal«t», (kofcr-ft) «. A bUums diMue, ezhib- 

iUA in TiolMii paiyingf and Tomitingi, gzip- 

ioy paio, and •pMmodic action of tlic lunba 
Oh«Uiri«, (kot'^f'tk) a. Abounding witii cboler 

or Mto ;— inteiblo ^— fwari otiBta 
ChooM, {fAMM) 1. 1 UL-ti, etMOM.) To make 

cifAm of; -r, <, To maka a aeleetion; to pre- 

Ur i—Aa hav0 tfaa power of choioe. 
Chop, (ctio(f) V. t. (O. kolapUoA] To cut into 

pfooei ; to mines ;— to ierer by blows ;— ^. i. To 

vary or shift soddeolj, as wind. 
Chop, ^cbo(>) v.t. [A-H. ctapoM.] To barter; 

to ojuriuuige ;-«v. <. To dispute. < 
Chop, (clifip) n. Act of chopping; a stroke; — 

a pieoM chopped off; a slice of meat;— a crack 

or oloft 

Chop-ftUen, Tchop^fowln) a. Dejected : abashed. 
Oliop-honse, (choinious) n. An eating-house. 
Cliopia, (chop'in) n. [Oer. tchoppen..] A high 

patten ; — the Hootch quart in wine measure. 
Cnopptr, (chopper) n. Au instrument for cleaving 
Obooping , (c)ioi/ing) a. Stout or plump ; large ; 

— snifting Nuddonlj : clashing. 
Choral, <k(yRU)a. [G. choro$.] Belonging to a 

choir; sn ng in chorus. 
Choral, (kr/ral) n. A hymn-tune. 
Ohormlly, (k&'ral-le) ode. In the manner of a 


Chord, (kord) n. [Q. chordi.] String of a musi- 
cal instrument ;—- an liarmo- 

iiious combination of musical 

tones;— a right line nniting 

tho oxtremitios of the arc of a , 

circle. '^ 

Chord, (kord)v. t. To proyide 

with musical olionls or strings. 
Ohorist, (kO'rist) n. A singer 

in a choir. 
Chorister, (kor'ist-er) n. One of Chord. 

a oholr ; a singer in a concert. AC, AB, chords. 
Cherocraphj, (kd-rog'ra-fe) n. [G. eh6rot and 

ffrapMin.] Art of making a map of a country. 
Choroid, (kd'rold) n. [G. chorion, skin, andeido*, 

form.] The second coat of the ^e. 
Chorus, (ko'nis) n. [G. ehoroa.] A bond of 

singers and danoen :— a company of slngen ; 

—what is sung by the chorus ; — the part of a 

song in which tlie company Join tho singer. 
Chough, (clmf) n. [D. kauw.] A bird of the 

orow family ; a Jackdaw. 
ChottM, (ohous) V. (. [Turk. cAiooua] To cheat, 

trick, doAraua. 
Chouse, (ohous) n. One who is easily cheated ; 

a tool ; a gull :--a trick ; sham : imposition. 
Ohrostomathy, (kres-tomVtbe) n. [G. christos, 

useful, and iaa(A«in, to learn.] A selection of 

enssAget, with notes, &o., used in acquiring a 
Chrism, (kriim) n. [G. ehritin,] Holy oil;— 

oil used in baptism, oxdination, and extreme 


Chrismal, (kris'mal) a. Pertaining to chrism. 
Christ, (kriMt) n. (G. eAri«tn, to anoint.] The 

Anointkd ;~the Savlottr ; the Mbssiau. 
Christen, (kris'n) v. t. [A.-& ertitataii.] To bap- 

tixo ;-*-to give a name to. 
Christendom, (krit'n-dum) «. [A -8. cruUndonu] 

That {lortlon of tho world in which ChrisU- 

antty )irevaila :— the whole body of Christiana 
ChilstUtt, (krisf yan) n. [Q. cAnstiimoa] A fid- 

lower of Christ;— « beUerer;— a protesed ad- 
berent to the cfannh of Christ; — one bom 
within the pale of the dinrdi. 
Qbriatiaa, (kriefyan) a. Pertainii^ to Christ 
or his reUgian: — panfrwing Cliriiit; — eoelesi- 

Ohoatiaaitj, (kria-te«n'o-te) «. Hie xehgion of 
Christians : the doctrines taaghi bj Chrirt. 

Chriatianine, (kristyan-ix) r. t. To make Chris- 
tian ; to coovart to Christianity. 

dtriatleaa, (kristles) a. Having no &ith in 
Christ; without the spirit of Christ 

Chriatmaa, (kris'mas) h. [Ckrut and ma$»J] The 
fcctival of Christ's nativitr, observed annu- 
ally on the 26th day of December ;—Christ- 

Christmac-booi, (kris'mas-boks) n. A box in 
whidi uesents an pat at Christmas ;— a Christ- 
maa gift. 

Chriatology, (kria-tol'o-Je) n. [G. Ckrittcs and 
logot.] A discourse or treatise oonoemiug 

Chnmiate, Oa&taSii) n. A salt fiumed by the 
union of chromic acid with a base. 

Ohromatio, (kro-mat'ik) a. [G. ehrOma.] Relat- 
ing to colour; — proceeding by half-eteps or 
semitones of tlte scale. 

Ohromatios, (krO-hiat'iks) n. ting. The science 
of oolouia [<»' obtained from it 

Chromic, (kwymik) a. Pertaining to chrome, 

Chromium, (kr&'me-um) ft. [G. ckrHnuu] A hard 
brittle metal of a grayish-white colour. 

Chromo-lithography, (kro'mo-lith-og'xa-fe) n. 
Lithography adapted to printing in oil ooIouts. 

Chronic, (xron'ik) a. [G. chronot.] Relating to 
time '—continuing for a time ; inveterate. 

Chronude, (kron'e-kl) n. [L. ehroniea.] A re- 

ester of events in the cider of time i—^l. Two 
x>ks of the Old Testament;— annala 
Chroniole, (kron'e-ld) v. (. To record in histoxy ; 

to register. [oies ; an historiaji. 

Chromoler, (kron'o-kl^r) n. A writer ctf chroni- 
Chronelogar, (kro-noro-Jcr)n. Odo who artanges 

past events, and dates, In systematic order. 
Cnrondogioal, (kron-o-loj'ik-al) a. Relating to 

chronology; aooordtng to the order of Ume. 
Chronology, (kro-nol'o-je) n. [G. chronot and 

logos. ] The science of time ;— recording events 

under their proper datea and epochs;— a table 

of events and datea 
Chronometer, (luo-nom'e-t^r) n. [G. cArono« 

and metron.] A time-keeper : a poxiable watch 

or dock of superior oonstruction and accurapy. 
Chronometrioal, (kron-o-met'rik-al) o. Pertain- 
ing to or measured by a chronometer. 
Chj^aalid, (kris'arlid) a. Pertaining to or ro- 

aembling a chiysalis. 
Chrysalis, (krisVlis) n. [G. ehruMtUu, tram 

ehituos, gold.] The form or 

pupa state which larva of 

butterflies, moths, and other 

insects assume iMfora they 

reach their perfect form. 
Chrysolite, (kris'o-Ut) 9i. [G. Chirialia 

chnuot and lithot.} A greenish mineral, oom- 

poaed of silica, magnesia, and iron. 
OnryaopnuM, (kris'o-pruz) n. [G. ekrutos and 

praaon.] A kind of masaive quarts, of a gray- 
ish colour. 
Chub, (chub) n. [A-S. copp, head.] A Ireah- 

water fish of the carp fkadfy. 
Chubby, (chnb'e) a. Like a chub ; plump, ahdrt, 

and thick; Iht and florid in the oheeksL 





, (chak) T.i. To duck;— v. t. To call. 
M A hoi her chickena ; — to toach under the 
dun ; — ^to throw-, with quick motion. 
Chaak, (chok) n. The call of a hen ;— a sadden 
amall nobe ; — a alight blow under the chin. 
n>'^^^\»^ (ebuki) v. t. [From chuck.} To call, as 
a hen her diickens:--to fondle ;—v.i. To laugh 
in ft eappraaaed manner. 

fltwkle, (chukl) n. A diort, suppreoed Uugh 
of erultation or derinion. 

Chaoklinf, (chukling) n. Suppresaed laughter; 
i triumph or exultation. [ner. 

r, (chnf^le) adv. In a rough, surly man- 
r, (chufe) a. Fat or swelled out in the 
; anrly ; xnde ; downish. 
(chum) n, [A.-S. cuaio.] A ghamher- 
fdlow, espediallj in a college or university. 
Ckaretk^ (church) n. [A -8. ctir, Ger. kireke.} A 
jMitMiwj aet apart Ibr Christian worship ; — ^the 
wonhippers m it; — a denomination; — the 
whole oody of Christians, called catholic or uni- 
Texnl diurch :— the dezgy. 
Ohureh, (chuich) v. t. To unite with In return* 
ing thanks in church, as after childbirth. 
Ckmh-foer, (church'g&-€r) n. A r^ular at- 
taodu' at diurch. 

(church'taian) n. An Episcopalian. 
(church'rAt) iu A rate or tax for 
the sappoart of the Fisrish Churdi. 
C^vreb-vBrdea, (ehuxdi'wawr-den)n. An officer 
vboae dutiee respect the . pecuniary interests 
of a d&nxdi or pansh. 

Oarek-jard, (cnuxdi'yird) n. The ground ad- 
' ining to a chuxdi, in which the dead are 


Gfauil, (churl) M. [A.-S. ceorl} A rustic ;— a 
^nrly, ill-bred man ;— « niggard. 

(churl'ish) a. Kude; illiberal; un- 
unyielding; unbending. 
r, (chnrllsh-le) adv. Buddy ; roughly, 
(chnrrish-ues) n. Rudeness of 
mannen or temper. 

Ckara, (chum) m. A rmul in which cream is 
ntirpod and agitated to produoe butter. 
Cham, (chum) v. t [A 4}. ccman.] To agitate aa 
a«am in order to make butter ; — ^to shake. 
Ckomiaf , (chnm'ing) n. The operation of mak- 
ing hotter ; — ^the quantity made at one time. 
Chute, (ahd^t) n. [F. chuU ] A rapid desoent 
in A river. 
Chyle, (kil) r. [G. chuUa, Juice.] A milkr fluid 

limTed from chime, and oouTeyed into the dr- 

eulataon by the lacteal resaels. 
Chylifiartieai, (kil-e-fiik'shun) n. [0. ehulog, and 

L. /acKTcJ The process by which chyle is 

Chyme, (kim) n, [O. cAumot.] The pulp formed 

by the food after it has been mixed with the 

ostric secretions. 
QMda, (ee-ka'da) ik [L.] A hemipterous insect 

living on Ueee and ahrube ; — ^the tree-hopper. 
QeatriM* (aikU-tris) n. A scar, seam, or elera- 

tkm on the akin after a wound is healed. 
CieatriM, (sifc'ft-triz) v. t. To heal and induce 

the focmation of skin, as in wounded or ulcer- 
ated fleeh ;— «. i. To heal or be healed. 
CieowM, (che-che-rd'ne) n. [It] One who 

ibows stnuBgexs the curiodties of a place; a 

CiMrsaim, (sieHpr-o^na-an) a. Resembling Clcezo 

in style or action. 
Cider, (ifdcr) n. [F. eidre.} Adtink made.from 

tbe juioe of applei^ 

Oigar, (se-girO n, [Spi ciparro.] Tobacco leaf 
rolled into tubular form for smoking. 

Ciliary, (sil'yar-e) a. Belonging to the eyelashes : 
pertaining to hair-like appendages in animals 
or yegetablea. 

Gimeter, (sim'e-tsr) n. [Per. m:hiin»ckir.] A 
short sword with a recurrated point 

iSimmerian, (sim-me're-an) a. rertaining to the 
Cimmerii, said to have dwelt in darkness; — in- 
tensely dark. 

Oinohoaa, (sin-ko'na) n. A tree producing a 
medicinal bark known aa Peruvian bark, 4:c. ; 
—the bark itself. 

Cincture, (aingk'tOr) n. [L. cinffcre, to gird.] A 
belt, a girdle ;— incloeure. 

Cinder, (sin'dcr) n. [A.-S. rindfr, L. ctnir.) A 
small particle of matter remaining after com- 
bustion ; a portiaUy burnt ooal ; an ember. 

Cineraiy, (siu'cr-ar-e) a. Pertaining to ashes; 
containing ashes. 

Cinnabar, (sin'na-bAr) n. [O. linnabarU] Red 
sulpburet of mercury ; Termilion. 

danamon, (sin'no-mun) n. [G. kinnamon.} The 
inner bark of a tree 
growing in Ceylon. It 
is aromatic, of a mod- 
erately pungent taste. 

Cinque, (dngk) »• [L. 
ouinmu.] The num- 
ber fiTe upon dice or 

Cipher, (d'fer) n. [A. 
i\frun.] The charac- 
ter (0] which, stand- 
ing by itaelf, expresses ' dnnaxnon. 
nothing, but when placed at the right hand 
of a whole number, increases its value tenfold ; 
^-a peiaon of no character ; — a combination of 
letters, as a monogram; — a piivate alphabet 
for the tnnsmisdon of secrete ; the key to it. 

Cipher, (si'f(r) v.i. To practise arithmetic;— 
v.t. To write in occult charscters ; — to re- 

Clrde, (e^fkl) n. [Q. In'rl-o*.] A plane figure, 
bounded by a curve line, every part of which 
is equally distant irom the centre; — tiie lino 
that bounds such a figure; a circumference; 
— a round body; an orb; a ring ;— company 
gathering round a penon or place; — a never 
ending seriea. 

Cirde, (scrld) r. t. To move around ; — to sur- 
round ; — V. i. To move in a round or compass. 

Cirelet, (sci^let) n. A little drde :— an orb. 

Oirouit, (sci'kit) n. [L. cireuitus.] The act of 
moving around ; — ^the space inclosed within a 
fixed limit ;— that which incloses as a ring or 
crown ; — a periodical visitation of distrietA, as 
by judges, Ac. ;— the district visited ; — a round 
about mode of reasoning or speech. 

Cirouitous, (ser-kii'it-us) a. Going round in a 
circuit; indirect. 

Girouitottdy, (scr-kfi'it-us-le) adv. In a round 
about or indirect way. 

Circular, (sQi'kfl-ler) a. [L. eirculari*.] In the 
form of a drcle ; round :— 'inconclusive ;— end- 
ing in itself ;— addressed to petsons having a 
common interest. 

Circular, (scrlcu-lcr) n. An intimation sent out 
to friends, customers, or the public generally. 

Circularity, (ssr-ka-lar'e-te) n. State of being 
drcular. [manner. 

OHroularly, (sciOcii-ltT-le) adv. In a dreular 

Ciroutote, (sQi'kaiat) v.i. VL. circulait.} To 





move or pass round ; — ^to pass from place, per- 
son, or hand to ; — to flow in veuu, a« the blood ; 
— V. t. To cauae to pan from place or penon to. 
Ciroulation, (flcr-ku-la'ahnn) n. The act of circu- 
lating : motion in a dide ;— >rwular flow, as of 
blood; — currency of money, bills, dEc;— dif- 
Auion: dinemination. 

Oircnlatory, (B$rlcu-ia*tor-«) <l Circular ;—oir-' 
culating or going round. 

CirmunamUent, (a§r-kum-am'be-ent) a. [L. 
eircum and ambnrt.] Surrounding; inclosing; 

Oiraomambulate, ra(r-kum-am1>u-lllt) r.t. [L. 
eircum and ainbulait.'l To walk round about. 

Oiroumoiae, (8$r'kum->iz) r.t. [L. eircum^ 
around, and cttdere, to cut] To cut off the fore- 
idcin ;— to put away, as a ainful thought or 

Oircumciaion, . (8{r-kum-rizh^un) n. Act of cut- 
ting off the foreskin ;— rejection of the sins of 
the flesh ; spiritual purification. 

Oiroumference, (ssr-kum'f{r-ens) n. [L. eircum, 
around, and Jerre, to bear.] The line that 
goes round or encompasses a circular figure ; 
external surf&oe of a sphere or orb. 

Oiroumfereatial, (8§r-kum-fer-en'ahe-al) a. Per- 
taining to a circumference. 

Oironmferentor, (B§r-kum'fcr-en-tsr) ?u An in- 
strument used by sur- 
veyors for taking ho- 
rizontal angles and 

Ciroumflex, (s(r ' kum - 
fleks) n. [L. eircum^ 
around, and jUcttre, 
t* bend.] A wave of 
the voice; — a Greek 
accent [" or "], de- 
noting a sound be- 
tween acute and grave; 
in Latin marked ['']. 

Oiroumflez, (s^r'kum-fleks) v. t. To mark or pro- 
nounce with a circumflex. 

Oironmfluenti (s^r-kum'flu-ent) a. [L. eircum 
and^Mre.] Flowing around; surrounding, as 
a fluid. 

OircnmfhM, (s{r-kum-iuzO r. f. [L. cireum and 
fuiuUrt.'\ To pour round ; to spread round. 

Ciroumfiuion, (scr-kum-fu'diun) n. Act of pour- 
ing or spreading around. 

Oiroumnrnition, (ssr-kum-je r&'shun) n. [L. 
ctrcmn and gyrare.] The act of turning, rolling, 
oi- whirling round. 

Oironmjaoent, (scr-kum-Ja'sent) a. [L. eirtian^ 
around, and jacirt, to lie.] Lying around; 
bordering on every side. 

Oironmlooutioa, (s;r - kum -lo-ku' shun) n. [L. 
Arom eircum, around, and looui, to speak.] A 
circuit of words; — the use of indirect or round 
about expressions. 

Cireumlocutory, (8§r-kum-lok'u-tor^)a. Pertain- 
ing to circumlocution ; i)eriphrastic. 

Oironmnavigflte, (s^r-kum-nav'e-gilt) v. t. [L. eir- 
cum, around, and navigarc, to navigate.] To 
sail around; to pass round by water. 

Outramnavi^tion, (ssr-kum-nav-e-ga'shun) n. 
Act of sailing round — generally round the globe. 

Ciroumpolar, (scr-kum-pdl(r) o. [L. cireuyn, 
around, and Bug. polar. \ About the pole; sit- 
lUited near the pole. 

Oiroumrotary or Cireumrotatoiy, (sfir-kum-ro'ta- 
re) a. Turning, rolling, or whirling round. 

pirousiioribe, (sgracum-skrib) v. e, [L. eirexim, 


around, and tcribert, to write.] To inclose within 
a certain limit ; to hem in. 

Oironnueriptioa, (s^r-kum-skripUinn) n. Tbe 
exterior line of a body ; — limitation ; bound. 

Oircumspect, (scr^um-spekt) a. [L. cireum and 
tpieere.] Attentive to all the dvcumstances of 
a case ; cautious ; prudent ; watchfuL 

Girenmspection, (ssr-kum-spek'shun) n. Atten- 
tion to a case ; — caution ; watchfulness. 

(hremnapectly, (ser'kum-spekt-le) adv. Vigi- 
lantly; warily; cautiously. 

Circimispeotaeaa,(s(rl^um-spekt-nes)n. Caution; 
vigilance on evei7 side. 

Giivnmstaace, (s^rlium-stans) n, [L. eircum 
and $tare.] A particular fact, event, or caw; 
Incident; particular; adjunct; — pi. worldly 
estate ; pecuniary resouroos. 

Circumstantial, (ser-knm-stan'she-al) a. Acci- 
dental : not essential ; — incidental ; casual ; — 
inferred fSrom particulars ; indirect 

Oircumstaatials, (ser-kum-stan'she-alz) 
Things incidental to the main subject 

CireumstaatiaUy, (s^r-kum-stan'she-al-le) ad^r. 
According to circumstanoes ; — in every partic- 
ular ;— exactly ; minutely. 

OSroomatantiate, (s^r-kum-stan'she-at) v. t To 
place in particular circumstanoes;— to detail 
minutely ; — ^to prove by particulars. 

Gixonmvallatioa, (s^r-knm-val-lA'shun) n. Act 
of surrounding with a wall or rampart; — a 
line of field works round a camp. 

CirenmTent, (sQr-kum-venf) v. t. [L. eircum and 
venire.] To get round ; to deceive ; to delujle. 

Clreumventien, (sfr-kum-ven'shun) n. Decep- 
tion ; fraud ; imposture ; delusion. 

Oireumvolntum, (s^r-kum-vo-lu'shun) n. Act of 
rolling, or state of being rolled round. 

CironmToIvs, (esr-kum-volvO v. t (L. cirevm 
and volvere.] To roll round ; to cause to re- 
volve ;— V. t. To revolve ; to move in a dn^le. 

Circus, (serlcus) n. [O. kirkoi.] A circular xnece 
of ground for sports and games ; — an amphi- 
theatre for feats of horsemanship and dex- 
terity, [or tendril 

Cirrous, (ser'us) a. [L. etrru«.] Having a curl 

Cirrus, (ser us) n. [L.] A tendril ;— a thin fleecy 
cloud spreading like a feather. 

Cistern, fsis'tgm) n. [L. eista.] A leservoir or 
receptacle for water or other liquids. 

Citable, (sit'a-bl) o. That which may be dted 
or quoted. 

Citadel, (dfa^el) ti. [It eittadella.} A for- 
tress in a city, intended as a final j^tint of 

Citation, (sl-ta'shun) n. (L. citare.] An official 
call or notice to appear ; the paper containing 
such notice ;— quotation ; the words quoted. 

Cite, (sit) r. e. [L. citare,] To summon offidally; 
— to quote; — to call, in proof or confirma- 
tion o£ 

Citizen, (sitVzen) n, [P. eitoyen.] An inhabi- 
tant in iv city;— a fyeeman; a member of a state. 

Citizenship, (sitVzen-ship) ?]. State of being a 
citizen ; the freedom of a city. 

Citrate, (sit'rat) 71. [L. eitreum.] A salt formed 
by the union of citric acid and a base. 

Citric, (sit'rik) a. Of, or pertaining to, an acid 
which exists in the lemon and allied fruits. 

Citnm. (sit'run) n. [L. citrtum.] The fruit of 
the citron-tree, resembling a lemon. 

City, (site) n. [L. dviUu.] A laiige town ;~ 
a corporate town, which has beon tb^ seat of 
a bishop. 




[L. cepa. ] A ipecies of garlk 
zapciimi.] A snlwtaiioe 


Gives, (aiTz) n. ;>/. 

•rowing in tafta. 
Civvt (uT'at) M. (O. 

of a fttron;, moaky cxi- 

our, naed aa a per- 

fama ; — a camivor- 

oiu animal, ranking 

between tba weaaei 

and the tox. 
Civie, (aiT'ik) a. (L. 

ri*'is..'\ Relating to, or 

derired fhnn, a city or citizen. 
Cml, (air'il) a. [ll'ctrt/iA] Pertaining to a 

CI t J or itate ; — pertaining to a citizen aud hia 

ng^ta : — lay, lawfhl, or ijiteatine, aa opposed to 

«ccle«iaaticai, criminal, or foreign :—peaoeAil, 

mercantile, Ac, aa oppciaed to military ;— court- 

eooa; polite. 
Civiliaa, (ae-vii'jran) n. One akiUed in dril law ; 

—one i^oae poxsoita aie ciril, not military or 

clexicaL [pi. Acta of politeneaa. 

CiTiUtj, (aa-Til'e-te) n. Cooxteay of behariour : — 
CfariliBitien, (siY-il-iz-d'ahan) h. Act of civiliz- 
ing, or state of being driiized ; cnlture. 
Ctnliae, (air^-£z) r. t. To reclaim from a aaTage 

atate : to instmct in the arta of regular life. 
OtviloBBd, (airll-^ai) a. Reclaimed from aavage 

life and mannera; refined : ealtivated. 
Civilly, (atVil-le) adv. In a ooarteoua man- 
ner : poiitelr. 
Clack, (Uak) v. i To make a andden, aharp 

noiae, aa by striking ; — to talk rajiidly and oou- 

Clack, (klak) m. [W. etor.} A aharp, abmpt aonnd 

made by striking :>-continual talk ; prattle. 
Claiai, (klftm) v.t. [b. clamart.^ To call for; 

to challenge aa a right; to demand aa due; — 

r. i To be entitled to, aa a right. 
Oaim, (kl2m) a. A demand of a right or annpoaed 

right : — a title to iMaaeBaion ;— the thing claimed 

or demanded. (claimed. 

Claimahle, (kllm'a-bl) o. Capable of bemg 
Claimast, (klOm'ant) n. One who demanda. 
dua, (klam) ». [Clamp.^ A bivalve abeli-fiBh 

of didSerent genera; — pL Strong 

nincen tot drawing naila. 
Uaa, fklam)r.f. [A-S. elttmi' 

c.<i.\ To dog, aa wiUi viaoooa 

matter; — v. i. To be moiat or 

QaiBaat, (Uam'ant) a. Crying 

caraeatly ; clamorously beaeech- 

Clamber, (klam'bfr) r.i. [L. Cbun-ahelL 

Ger. il€T,ipfrit.] To climb with difllcnlty, or 

'vith hands and feel 
ClaauDiaest, (klam'e-nea) n» State of being 

clmuny or viaoooa ; ropineadw 
(Haaanj, (Uam'e) a. Boft and aticky. 
Claawrsaa, (klam'cr-ua) a. Noisy: vodferoua; 

kiod ; tnrbolent ; importunate. 
CLuaeur, (klam'or) M. [L. cUtmnrf.] Loudahont- 

iug ;— any loud and contmned noiae ; outcry. 
ClaBear, (klam'or) v. t. To about loudly ; — to 

make importunate demands. 
Gamp, (klamp) n. [D. Uamp.] A piece of 

timber or iron used to fiutten work together;— 

a heavy footstep, 
damp, (klamp) v. t. To aecnre or render firm 

\j a clamp :— r. t. To tread heavily. a 
Claa, (klau) a. {Ir. ctctan.] A race or fiunily ;~ 

& tribe united under a chieftain, 
fiaadettiaa, (kian-des'tin) a. [U clandettinu*.] 

Hidden ; aeci'et : kept from public view or no- 
tice — witli an evil design. 

Clandeatinely,,(klan*des'tin-le) adc. In a secret 

Clang, (klang) r. i. [L. clangert,} To strike io- 

SBtlbBr with a ringing Muud ; — r. i. To pro- 
uoe a sharp, shrill sound. 

Olaag, (khiug) k. A shai-p, ringing aonnd. like 
that made by metallic feubatanoea struck to- 
gether, [unpleasant sound. 

Olangoroua, (klang'ger-ua) a. Making a harsh 

Clank, (klangk) n. The loud, ringing aouud 
made by a colliaion of aouoroua bodies. 

Clank, (klangk) v. u To educe a sharp ringing 
sound ; — v. i. To make a sharp, ringing noise, 
as of pieces of metal struck together. 

Clanniah, rkhm'iah) u. Cloaely united, like a 
dan ; — aiding, oa membera of a party or cause. 

danniahly, (klau'i&h-le) adv. In a ftiAtiniHh or 
united manner. 

Clanaman, (klanz'man) n. One belonging to a 
particular clan. 

CUap, (klap) V. t. [A-S. dappan.] To strike 
one object againat another ; — to stiike quickly 
aud diarply ; to strike together, as tlie palms : 
to applaud ; — v. i. To come together suddenly 
with noiae ; — ^to enter with alacrity and briak* 

Clap, (klap) n. A loud noiae : — a atroke ;— a end- 
den exploeiuu ; a atriking of hands to expreaa 

Clapper, (klap'er) n. A penon who claps ;— that 
which atrikes' aa the tongue of a bell. 

Clan-trap, (klap'txap) n. A trick or device to 
gain applause. 

Clare-obicuxe, (klar^ob-akiir) n. [L. clarut and 
obtcuruM.] Light and ahade in painting. 

Claret, (klar'et) n. [V. cUiiret.] A red wine from 
Bordeaux and the Garrono of aeveral qualities. 

Clarifloation, (klar-e-fe-ka'shuu) n. Act of dear- 
ing or fining. 

Clarifv, (klax'e-fi) v. t. [L. claru* and facere.^ 
To clear ; to purify trcm feculent matter ; to 
fine ; — v. t. To become pure, as liqnora ;— to 
grow clear or bright. 

Clarion, (klar'e-un) n. [L, c/ar»«.] A kind of 
trumpet, whoee note la dear and shrill. 

Clarionet, (klar'e-o-net) n. [L. claru*.} A wind 
instrument of the reed kind. 

Clash, (klash) r.i. [Ger. llatuhtn.] To dash 
noisily togeUier; — ^to come in collision; to op- 
pose ; — V. t. To strike noisily against 

CQash, (kladi) n. A meeting with violence ; col- 
lision of bodies; — contradiction, as between 
contending intereats. kc 

Clashing, (khudi'ing) n. Collision of bodies;^ 
oppodtion, aa of claims or interests. 

Clasp, (kla^) n. A catch for fastening or hold- 
ing the paits of any thing ; — a dose embrace. 

Clasp, (kiasp) t*. t. [O. Eng. clapK.\ To shut 
or seisteu together with a clasp ;— to embrace ; 
to grasp. [clasps, as a tendril of the vine. 

(Hasper, (klasp'cr) n. One who, or that which, 

Cht^katfe, (khisp'nif^ n. A knife, the bhide of 
which folds or shuts into the handle. 

Class, (klas) n. [L. elauii,] An order or divi- 
sion of persons or things;— a division of stu- 
dents :— an order in natural histonr of beings 
or substances having btruoture, qualitiea, or at- 
tributes in common. 

Class, (klas) r. t. [F. tlanf^r.} To form into a 

class : to arrange in classes ; to rank ;— r. t. To 

be gi-ouped or claaaed. 




Olasaio, (klas'ik) n. A work of excellence anil 
authority : — one learned in the dasaics;— an 
author of acknowledged worth. 

OlMiioal, (klaB'ik-al) a. [L. elauis.] Of the 
first rank in literature or art ;— pure ; refined ; 
—pertaining to an uttembly, or to a Presby- 
terian assembly. 

daniflcation, (klas-e-fe-k&'shun) n. Act of form- 
ing into a class or classes. 

OUsaify, (klasVf!) r. t. [L. claxsth and facere.] 
To distribute into classes ; to systematize. 

Clatter, (klat'?r) r. i. [A-S. elatmmff.] To make 
rattling sounds; — to prattle with the tongue; 
— V. t. To rattle : to chatter. 

Olatter, (klat'er) n. A repeated rattling noise. 

Clauae, (klawz) n. [L. claudere.] A member of 
a sentence ; — ^a distinct portion of a document 
containing specific ii^junctions or stipulations. 

Glauitralf O^laws'tral) a. [L. claustruoi.} Relat- 
ing to a cloister, or religious house. 

Olaviole. (kla're-kl) n. The collar-bone. 

Olaw, (klaw) n. [A.-S. clavn, eld.] A sharp, 
hooked naU ; the foot of an animal armed with 
hooked claws ; — grasp ; clutch. 

Olaw, (klaw) v. t. To pull, tear, or scratch with 
claws or nails : — to grasp. 

day, (kla) m. fA.-S. cla^.\ Soft earth, consist- 
ing of alumina and silica, with water ; earth 
in general ; the human body ; — a corpse. 

COay, (kla) v. t. To manure with clay;— to pu- 
rify and whiten with clay, as sugar. 

Clay-cold, (kiaOcold) a. Cold as clay ; lifeless. 

Olayey, (klik'e) a. Consisting of, or like clay. 

Olaymore, (kla'mor) n. [Gael.] A huge two- 
handed sword used formerly by the idcottish 

Clean, (kien) a. [A.'9. ekene.] Free firom dirt or 
filth ; — without defect ; — adroit ; dexterous ; — 
free from restraint or limitation ; complete ; — 
free from moral defilement ; sinless ; pure. 

dean, (klen) adv. Quite ; perfectly ; wholly : en- 
tirely ;— dexterously. 

dean, (kl6n) v. f. To tree firom dirt ; to pu- 
rify : to cleanse. 

deanlineM, (klenle-nes) u. Freedom from dirt ; 
— neatness of person or dress ; purity. 

Cleanly, (klen'fe) a. [From clean.) Habitually 
clean ; carefully avoiding defilement ; — adroit. 

Gleanly, (klenle) adv. In a clean manner; 
neatly. (ing clean. 

deanneaa, (klCn'nes) n. State or quality of be- 

deaasable, (kleuz'a-bl) a, (Capable of being 

deanae, (klenz) r. t. [A.-S. elaiuja'A.] To ren- 
der clean;— to scour; to tree from defilement, 
bodily or spiritual. 

dear, (kler) a. (L. elaruM, clear] Bright ; open : 
tree from cloud, uncertainty, guilt, and the 
like : — acute : easily heard ; manifest ; pure ; 
'ibiin : perspicuous. 

Clear, (kler) adr. In a clear manner ; plainly ;— 
wholly ; quite ; entirely. 

Clear, (kler) v. t To make bright : to render 
evident ;— to f^^ee from obscurity, impediftient, 
and the like : — ^to lean over or pass by without 
touching;— to cleanse'; to puriiy; to tree from 
vunpicion or aocuaation ; — v. i. To become free 
from clouds or fog ; — to be disengaged. 

dearanoe, (kler'ans) n. The act of clearing ;— a 
certificate that a ship has been cleared at the 
custom-house ; net profit. 

dearinr, (kler'ing) n. A making clear :— a tract 
pf land cleared of wood for cultivation. 

Olearly, (kierle) adv. In a clear manner;— 
manifestly; obviously ; distinotiy. 

deameas, (klir'nes) n. The state of being dear ; 
plainness ; openness ; purity. 

Gua]>aif tatad, (klSr'sit-ed) a. Having acutenees 
of sight. [disoenunent. 

dear-aightodnesa, (kler 'ait >ed-nes) n. Acute 

deat, (klvt) V. [Ger. kUiden.] A piece of wood 
in joinery nailed on to strengtlien 
or fasten ; — a piece of wood with 
two projecting ends, round which 
ropes are belayed. 

deavaft, (klev'ilj) n. Act of cleav- 
ing;— quality of splitting or di- 

deave, (klev) r.t. rA.-S. elifan.} 
To adhere closely; to stick: — to 
be united in interest or affection;— 
to be adapted. 

deave, (klev) v.f. (A.-S. cUofan.] 




To part or 
divide by force ; to split or rive ; — v. i. Tu 
part; to open; to crack. 

GdeaTer, (kldv'$r) n. One who cleaves, or that 
which cleaves ;— a butcher's instrument for cat- 
ting up meatk 

def, (kleOn. {L. elavit, key, Q.klaU.] A char- 
acter in musical notetion 
placed at the beginning 
of the staff to determine 
the position and pitch of 
the scale. 

deit, (kJeft) n. An open- C Clef. F Clef, 
ing made by splitting :— chasm : fissure ; chink. 

deg, (kleg) n. [Dan. klatg.] The hone-fiy ; the 

Clematis, (klem-il'tis) n. • [G. llniia.} A genua 
of climbing plante of many species. 

demenoy, (klem'eu-se) n. [L. cUment.] Hild- 
ness : gentleness ;— mercifulness. 

dement, (klem'ent) a. Mild in temper and dis- 
position ; compassionate ; indulgent. 

Cflepaydia, (klep'se-dr4) n. [O. kUptudra,] A 
contrivance for measuring time by the drop- 
ping of water. 

Cllerg^, (kler'je) n. [G. kliroMf F. clergi.] Hen 
onuaned for the public service of God. 

dergyman, (kl^r^je-man) n. An ordained min- 
ister ; one of the clexgy. 

derioal, (klQT'ik-al) a. Pertaining to the clergy : 
— pertaining to a clerk or copyist. 

derk, (klark) n. [A.-S. cUrc.] A scribe ; a 
scholar; a clergyman; — a lay officer vsho leadd 
the responses m the Episcopalian church ser- 
vice;— one who writes and keeps accounts; — 
the secretary at a public board or court. 

Clerkship, (kl4rk'snip) n. Condition, office, or 
business of a clerk. 

dever, (klev'er^ a. [A..S. gUaw.] Talented: 
dexterous ; skilnil ;— quick in planning, or neat 
in executing ;— ahrewd ; witty. 

deverly, (klev'sr-le) adv. Skilfiilly; fiUy ; 
dexterously. [clever. 

devemess, (klev'er-nes) *i. Quality of beini; 

dew, (klu) n. [A.-S. cleow.] A ball of thrvad: 
— ^the corner of a sail. 

dew, (klu) V. t. To draw up to tlie yard, as a 
sail ; — ^to direct, as by a thread. 

Click, (klik) r. i. To make a small, sharp noise, 
as by a gentle striking ; to tick. 

(3Uok,^lik) n. A sm^ abarp sound ;— « small 
piece of iron falling into a notched wheel. 

Client, ncli'ent) n. [L. elieHt.] One who pate 
himself under the protection of a |iatrQu ;— a 

Ift. in vbich tomt gnaX cban^ ia «up- 
o take fita ia tfas comtitatiaii ;— u; 

(kli'mU)iL [O. tfiiui'>i.| A r^on or 
' thaflsTth;— amdJtUm of a pliooin n- 

cndation ^ — k fflgun oT 

■d di^tj ^p — Ota highst point ; jKmB. 

Bk, niloi) r. 1. or (. (JL-S. cliwban.] To 

eflod by fcuiiidt uul Toet ; to mount tkboriinuljr. 

Dw: togn|». 
C&Mb, (Uin^) It. Art or boldini (Ut. or ttant 

whicb Hnt* to bold bit ;-> kioll or knot. 

OGbs, (klini) i-. i. [A.-a. <Ij>i^i>.| To iilhan 
Oomlj: t^l»Id bit :-lo Kick lo, u n tikoui 

hction ;— r. L To auo to ixUien to. "^ 
GiMial, (kllalk-al) a. [G, Uiai.] PoHuoins 

Oimk, (klinik) (. (. [O. H. Ger. Ifin^iiii.] To 
. gukamihup, rinfing Kniirl ; tojinile. 
I Oiak, (kUn«k) ». A ihirp, ringin; nuiid mudo 
I b< Uw ooUi(ioa of Buiill •onorout bodjgt. 
' QBk«. (klln^tr) <. A iltiiflod biick;-*i»riiB 

GUa. (kU'O) ■>. [UJ Tb* mu> that preuJei 

CKj, (kUp) .. t tA.-& *(wipo>t.| To (iDbna; 
— to cnt o4F, ■■ witii A ttroko ;-*to curtuL ;— > 

nig. (klipl «. An imbiioo:— a patting i—piodUDt 
qc k abcAnnf ;— « itnikii with tha ^lAnd. 

Cliiflr, (klip'er) ■. Ooa who clipa ; apKiiHj 
nin 1— > ittup Wit, uil lut Blling leMeL 

Oiffltf, (kliiruia} n. Act of embncing -.—nA 
ofcaUiu off 1 — thmt which i* clipped olT- 

Oi^U. (Jik) ». [f.] A dnJe of pcnKm. ; ■ 

ClHk, <il6k)" "J'cIoco.'gm.I- tlnx.] A 1o<h, 
&ik. (klOk) f. i. Taco>erwiI)isduik; hanoe, 
ClHh. (kktk) K. [a'.-H. cfkciTT.) An InitniinaDt 

lich. ^. 1 

.. (klok'wiuk) iL TbB mHchlildrj of 
VK ,— zvgnlaritj of morn — ^' 
(k^) 1L [A.-a. find.] 
^ or clAji-'the groiujd. uiv i- 

'(kiodr''^'' --■■-- 

Innip of earth. 

Oltd-tnipar or Olodp^ ^lod' n. A lud*, 
niitio follow ; a biunpkin ; a pluughpiab. 
Olor. (liloe)c. f. [Boot cfoj.J To encombcr :— 

up;— r. i. TDlwimuti«d«loT«Dcimbcnd;— 

Clof. (king) n. EDRiinbnnn ; that which bin- 

ObiM<T.(kloiii't(r}>i. IL. cloulnoiL] Acunr- 

habit«d by monk« ai 
Ololitar. (kloiVIf r) v. 

Oloinnl, (kluli'tnl) 

naaa. (k^^l »' UDlon'of p»t>': juiictiani— 
conclmuun; and; — HErapplom wrnlliiw; — and 
ofiitninofniuiilc^ caJanca. 

niggJuiUj; pfnurlom; — adjuiniug; naai ;— in- 

Ohwg or OlsHlf, (kliit) odr. to a cloH manoir 

OloH-by. (kloi^T) adc. Within •bort dittann: 
Ooaa-fllted, (klaa'ast-Rl) n. >'i(g°rdlj ; iting^. 
tnoauiui. (klSa'nail n. Thaila(a Dfbaiug cloH. 

OtoMt'^kWat) n. IP.) A room lor latinimcnt 

CtaHt.(klDi'at)D.f. Toihut spin acloaet:— 

Clonra, (klBi-^ ». |[, clau-'t.T.) Art of 

Clst,(klot)«. AcoucntloD, eipacialJyuraion, 

(nat. (kloi) i>. i. To CDncnta or coagulita ^^lo be 

Cloth, (kloth) n. |A.-M. MM] A htnff of a 

of rech fabric :— a proftmon or tlio mcnjijon 

Olothi, (tSrH) r, I, [A.-S. cla^v"ii.i To pot 

— r. ^To^i^'dloUiti 

Cltthei, (kl^THz) n. CoTaiiuG fat the hutimn 
bwlj ;-covmng of a bed. 

fUlU cloth ;-an^outfltlar. 
Olathiu , (kloTH'iog) jl Qanueoti in geoeraL 
OlottT. plot's) a. Fnll of data, or amtl), conga- 

dflfid, (kload) V. t To orerapread with cloads ; 
— to render dark or obscure ; — to aadden ; to 
de£une ;— r.t. To grow doadj or obncure. 

doadilj, (kload'e-)e) adv. With clouds ; darkly ; 
obicnrely. [cloudy. 

doodineas, ndond'o-nes) n. The state of being 

Olottdlaaa, (kloudles) a. Being without a cloud ; 

doodr, (kloud'e) a. Orercast or obscured with 
clou^; — misty: hazy:— gloomy; sullen;— mark- 
ed with spots or veins, as marble. 

doach, (klnf) n. [A.-H. cUoj'an.] A narrow 
Talley between hills ;— a kind of sluice. 

Clont, (klont) n. f A.-S. dUt.] A piece of cloth, 
Ac. , used for a patch ; — old doth used for scour- 
ing, ix. : — the centre of the butt. [F. elotut.} 
A amoU nail ;-- a blow with the hand. 

Olaat, (klout) v. t [A.-H. cUttJati.] To patch ; 
— 4o Join in a clumsy manner ; — ^to guard with 
an iron nlate ;— to strike. 

OHore, (kl&T) n. [L. elavutf naiL] A pungent 
aromatic spice, the unezpanded flower-bud of 
the dove-tree. 

Olore-gillyllower orOlove-piok, (kldv'JU-e-flow'cr) 
n. A species of nink bearing a beautiful flower. 

Oloren- hoofed of Cloren- footed, (klov'n-ht'Mft, 
klOv'n-fOdt-ed ) a. Having the foot or hoof 
divided into two parts, as the ox. 

dover, (kKVvcr) n. [A.-S. cloi/er.] A genus of 
plants called trifolium or trefoil 

Clown, (klown) n. [L. eoloiiuM.] A husband- 
man ; a rustic ;— an ill-bred man ; — the fool or 
buffoon in a play, circus, d:c. 

Olowniah, (klown'lBb) a. Coarse, like a clown; 
vulgar; rough; awkward; rude. 

Clowniahly, (klown'ish-le) adv. Bndely; awk- 

Olowniahneu, (klown'ish-nes) n. Blanners of • 
down; rusticity; indvility; awkwaixlness. 

Cloy, flcloy) v.t. [P. clouer, to nail.] To glut or 
satisfy: to satiate ; to surfeit. 

Club, (klub) 71. [O. H. Gcr. chlofdn.] A heavy 
stair or piece of wood ;— one of the four suits of 
cards, having a figure resembling the clover- 
leaf [A-S. cleo/an, to split] An asociation 
for social converse, or for the promotion of some 
common object ; — the share of expense in sudL 

Club, (klub) V. i. To combine for some oom- 
mon object :— to pay a proportion of a com- 
mon expense ;— r. t. To raiso by a proportional 
assessment. [or crooked feet. 

Ciub-footod, (klub^fd6t-od) a. Having deformed 

Clnok, (kiuk) v. i. [A-S. cloecoji.] To make the 
noise of a brooding hen ; — v. t. To call as a 
hen does her chickens. 

Clue, (klu) M. A ball of thread ;^any thing serv- 
ing to guide or direct; — the lower comer of 

Clump, rklump) n. [loeL Ihimpr.l A shapoleas 
mass of wood or other substance ;— 4i cluster of 
trees or shrubs. 

Clumaily, (klum'te-le) adv. In a dumqr manner ; 
awkwardly. [clumsy. 

Chunaineaa, (klum'ae-nes) n. Quality of being 

Clnmay, (klum'se) (u [from cluinp.] Short and 
thick ;— ill-made ;— awkward : ungainly. 

Cluster, (klus^r) n. [A-S. cluster.} A bunch ; 
a number of things growing together; a knot : 
—a collection of individuals or things; aJbody; 
a crowd. 

Cluster, (klua't«T) v. i. To grow in clusters ; to 
gather or unite in a bunch or mass :— r. t. To 
collect into a bunch or dose bc<ly. 

Chateh, (kluch) v. t. [O. H. Gor. ckluppa.] To 
seiae, clasp, or gripe with the hand; — ^to dose 
tightly: to grasp. 

Clntdi, (kluch) n. A gripe ; grasp ;— a project- 
ing piece of machinery for 
connecting shafts ; — the 
cross-head of a piston-rod ; 
— j}l. the talons of a rapa- 
cious animal ; — the hands, 
a.<s instruments of cruelty 
or greed. 

Clutter, (kluV{r) n. [W. 
ctudeTy heap. ] A coniiised 
collection: disorder; fosa. 

(Sutter, (klut'(r) r. (. To crcwd together in dis- 
order ; to fill with things in confusion ; — v. i. 
To make disorderly noise. 

Clyster, (klis'tjr) u, [G. «m«/^j\] A liquid in- 
jected into the lower intestines by means of a 

(Toadi, (k5ch) n. A larige, close, fonr-whocled 
carriage, for purpoaes of state, for pleasnxo, and 
for travelling. 

(Soach, (kOch) r. f. To convey in a coach ;— to 
preuare a student for examination trials. 

(^acn-boz, (koch'boks) n. beat on which t)ie 
driver of a coaoh sits. 

Coach-hire, (kOchliir) n. Honey for the use of a 
coach. [aooach. 

(Joaohman, (kdch'man) n. The perron who drives 

Coaotion, (ko-ak'shun) n. [L. c<»i, and agtre^ to 
drive.] Force ; restraining or impelling ; united 
force. [sociate. 

Coadjutor, (k5-ad-jM't?r) n. An asc^istant : an as- 

Coa^jntrix, (kO-ad-joO'triks) >u A female assis- 
tant, [concreted or congealed. 

(Soagulable, (k5^u-1arbl) a, (^pable of being 

Coagulate, (ko-ag'u-lilt) v. t. [L. coo^/atr.] To 
change into a curd-like state — said of liquids ; 
— concrete. 

Coagulation, (kd-ag-Cl-Iil'i^un) n. Act of curd- 
ling ; — ^the mass of matter concreted. 

Coal, f^ol) n. [A-S. eoL] A black, solid, com- 
bustible substance, consisting mainly of carbon, 
used for f^eL 

Coal, (kOl) V. t. To bum to coal : to char ;— to 
supply with coal ;—v. i. To take in coaL 

Coalesce, (ko-a-leO v. i. [L. eo<*r.] To grow 
t<^ther ; to unite into one body or mass ; — to 
unite in society. 

CkMdescence, (ko-a-les'ens) n. Act of growing or 
uniting together ; concretion : union. 

Coal-field, (kdVlt^d) n. A district where cool 

Coal-gas, (ksrgas) n. CJarburetted hydrogen gas 
produced from coaL 

Cioal-heaver or Coal-vhipper, (kollxSv-tr) n. One 
who discharges coal from ships. 

(}oaUtion, (ko-a-lish'iin) n, [C coalitio.] Union 
in a body or mass ;— combination of persons, 
i)arties, or states ; league ; combination. 

Cfoal-mine or Coal-pit, (kol'mln) n, A pit Wfhere 
coal is dug. 

Coal-tar, (k5rt&r) n. A thick visdd snbetanee 
obtidned by the distillation of bitni];unous coaL 

(Toaly, (kdl'e) a. like coal ;'-abounding in coat 

Coarse, (kors) a. Thick ; gross ; — ^large in bulk, 
or composed of large parts; — not refined or 
nice; — rough; vulgar: indelicate. 

Coarsely, (k6rs0e)amr. Rudely; roughly; meanly. 

(3oarsenesB, (kOrs'nes) n. Largeness or thick- 
ness, as of fabric ; rudeness, as of speech. 
; Coaa^ (kost) n. [L. casta, rib.] 'nie border of 

' Caiit, (kml) t.'i. To uU &iaug or am to tha 
ibani — to ail batvmi porU in tfa« mmois 

Cut (km) ■. [P. rsftc] An oppei eumsiit of 
Imuki ; — A lima far vDUDv etul^^a ; — dnm 

, ^ ail |ii]i"o("l»r ;-» ■mill bout 

C^ (knk) r.I. To Ht up: U turn apmr 
I — u pito up hi; la Uu add :— to let tha tu 
Duf of 4 lua nfedj to ■thkft 

>, (kok-MI «. [F. CKonb.J A kiiot of 

Jock^tiiM. (kuk'a-trlt) 3 
.1, ,|F. cxalnci.j Tho g 
builiali ; a HTpent,^ 
im&giiwtl b> bo pro-^ 
diioeil fiom ■ OMk'*^ 

iookihifcr. OWJCchitf- i 

;»h-'on>w or Coek- 
onwliif, CkoklirA) <u 

Tb« top-lod ; tligUF 

CHk-BuKih, (kolCmKh) x. 
■ nck-flght. 
Caoknar, (kok'ne) n. [0. Eng. cot 

Oooknqriim. (kok'nc-lm;) n. Thii i 
CHk-pit, (kak^it) n. Jn am when 

Oaokuaiab, (kokikStn) A!^K\ /flVV 




Cod, (kdd) n. [Oer. gadde.] A iith of the gmiu 
Oadas, inhAbittng the 
nortbein Mas, and e»- 
pedatlj the Banks of 

Coddle, (kodl) v.f. [L. 
coquert.] To parboil; 
to keep warm ; — to 
nurse ; to fondle. 

Code, (kAd) n. [L. coder.] An oiderlj oolleo- 
tioD, system, or digest of laws. 

Codex, (kod'eks) n. A collection or compila- 
tion of manuscriptsL [will. 

Codicil, (kod'e-eili n. [L.] A supplement to a 

Codifloation, (kOa-e-fe-kft'shun) n. Act or pro- 
cess of reducing laws to a code or system. 

Codify, (kod'e-fO v. t. [L. cotUx and /Merc] To 
reduce to a code or digest, as laws. 

Codling, O^odling) n. Aji immature apple; a 
cooking apple ;— Uie young of the cod-fish. 

Cod-liTor OU, (kodliv-er-oTl) n. Oil obtained 
fh>m the lirer of the common cod. 

Co-efflcieney, (ko-ef-fish'e-en-se) n. Co-operation; 

Joint efficiency. 

Co-effioient, (k6-ef-flah'o-ent) a. Co-operating to 
the same end. 

Co-equal, (k6-Slnral) a. Equal with another 
person or thing ; of the same rank or power. 

Co-equality, (k5-d-kwal'e-te) n. Equality in rank, 
authority, or power. 

Coerce, (kd-^rsj v. t. [L. coereere.] To restrain 
by force ; to constrain ; to repress. 

Coercible, (kO-cr'se-bl) a. Capable of being co- 

Coercion, (k5-f r'shun) n. Compulsory force ; re- 
straint;— legal or authoritative power. 

Coercive, (ko-cr'slv) a. Com^euing or having 

jjMwer to compel ; compulsory. 

Co-eMential, (k6-es-sen^e-al) a. Partaking of 
the same essence. 

Coetaneotts, (ko-e-t&'ne-ns) a. [L. cocrtaHcug.] 
Of the same age ; begininiug to exist at the 
same time. 

Coeval, (kd-S'val) a. [!<• con and cevum.] Of 
the same age ; of equal age ;— contemponuy. 

Coeval, (kd-e'val) n. One of the same age. 

Co-ezeoutor, (k(>^gz-ek'u-tcr) n. A joint exec- 
utor of a will. 

Co-exeeutriz, (ko^gz-ek'a-triks) n. A Joint 
executrix of a will [time. 

Co-exiat, (kO-egz-isf) r. t. To exist at the same 

Co-«xiateat, (kd-egz-ist'ent) a. Existing at the 
same time with another. 

Co-extend, (kft-eks-tend') v. t To extend through 
the same time or space with another. 

Co-ezteuion, (ko-eks-ten'shun) n. Equal exten- 
sion, [sive : having equal extent 

Co-ext«naive, (ko-eks-ten'siv) a. Equally exten- 

Coffee, (koffS) n, [A ^a/iuoA, F. cafiS.] The 
berries of a tree growing 
in Arabia, Persia, &c. 
Each berry contains two 
kernels of coffee ; — a 
drink made from the 
n>asted beny by decoc- 

tt. A house where cof- 
fee and refreshments are < 
supplied ;— an inn. 

Coffee-room, (kof fe-r66ra) Cofbeiilani 

}i. The public room in an inn ; a public read 

GofliBr, (kofilp) n. [O. kopkinot.] A chest ; espe- 
cially one for moo^. 

CoAsr-dam, (kof fcr-dam) n. A wooden inclosur« 
sunk in tlM bed of a river, ^, made water 
ti^t, and then pumped dry, to lay the founda- 
tion of a pier, Ste. 

CoOa, (korfin) n. [L. eopkintu.] The case in 
which a dead human body Is incloMd for burial ; 
— a hollow pari 

Cottn, (koffln) r. t TV> put into or indose in a 
coffin : — to ocmflne. 

Cog, (kog) v.t. To wheedle; to deceive; — to 
thrust in by deception ;— v. i To cheat; to 

Cog, (kog) n. fVr. eoff.] A tooth or projection 
on a wheel by which it rBcetves or imparts mo- 
tion, [with oog«. 

Cog, (kog) V. t To fix a cog upon ; to fumiah 

Cog, (kog) n. [OaeL eoi^gan,] A wooden bowl 
or dish. [W. cvrA.] A boat; a fishing-boat. 

Cogency, ^(/Jen-ee) n. Power of oonstrainio^ 
or impeUing; uigoi^: force. 

Cogent, (ko'jent)a. [L. eogrre.] Having great 
force ; — pi es si ng on the mind : forcible ; nrgent. 

Cogently, (k^Jent-le) adv. With uigent foroe ; 

Cogitate, (koj'it-ftt) v. i [L. eotritarr.] To en- 
gage in continuous thought ; to reflect 

Clofitation, (koj-it-ft'shun) n. Act of thinking ; 
meditation; contemplation. 

Cogitative, (koj'it-&-ti v) a. Posnwng the power 
of thinking ;--given to thought: contemplativeL 

Gognae, (k6n'yak) n. French brandy of the beat 
quality, so called tnm the town. 

Cognate, (kog'nftt) a. [L. eon and neuei.] Allied 
by blood or birth; — ^kindred in origin, &c. 

Cognition, (kog-uish'un) n. [L. cognitio.] Know- 
ledge ; complete understanding or conviction ; — 
an object known. 

Cognisable, (kog'niz-a-bl) <t. Capable of being 
known or apprehended ;— fitted to be a subject 
of judicial investigation. 

Cognisaaoe, (kog'nix-ans) n. Knowledge ; per- 
ception; — judicial knowledge or jurisdictfon ; 
— a badge worn by a retainer. 

Cognizant, (kog'niz-ant) a. Having cognis- 
ance or knowledge of. [A surname. 

Cognomen, (kog-no'men) n. [L. eon and 7u»nen, 1 

Cog-wheel, (k<^wel) tt. A wheel with 
or teeth. 

Cohabit, (k5-haVit) v.t. 
[L. eon and habitare.] 
To dwell with; — to 
live together as hus- 
band and wife. 

(Cohabitation, (ko-hab- 
e-ta'shun) n. A 
dwelling together: — roff>wbeeL 

the state of living together as man and wife. 

Cohere, (ko-hBrO v. i. [L. con and harar.] To 

stick together;— to be connected; to follow to- 
gularly in the natural order. 

Coherenoe, (kd-h£r'ens) n. A cleaving together : 

— suitable Oonneotion ; oonsisteney. 

Coherent, (ko-hCr'ent) a. Sticking together;— 

connected by relation or agreement of form, 

order, &c ; oonnistent 

Coherently, (k&-h6r'ent-le) adv. With due oon- 

nection or agreement of parts. 

Cf^eaioB, (kS-hfi'zhun) n. Act of sticking to- 
gether ; the attraction by which the partioksa of 

nomogenooaa bodies unite; — a «tate of 





OolunT*, (kb-Wwir) a. Baring tho powor of 
rtiddDg or oahaing. 

CohMivntM, Ckd-be^dr-nm) n. Qwditj of b»- 
ing cobenre. 

Cohort, (kaiiort) n. [L. eoken.] A body of 
aboat fiTo or liz Lundxed loldien. 
Coif; (koif) «. [O. H. Ger. kuppa, mitre.] A 
eoTering far tha head : a cap or oowL 
Caiffot, rkotfOr) R. [P.] A head-dreH. 
C«i|B«, (luttn) n. A oomer or eKtemal aogle; 
— « oonier-atone ; — a wedge. 
Coil, (koil) V. t. [L. eoUifftn.] To wind in rings; 

Coil, (kod) M. The ring, or rings, into which a 
rope or other lika thing ia wound ;— a noise ; 

Coo, (koin) a. [L cuneus.] A corner or exter- 
ul angle ;-~-a wedge; — a piece of metal on 
vhicfa certain daaracten are stamped, making 
it l«gBl msmoj ; — that which serves for pay- 

Coin, (koin) v. t To stamp and conyert into 
iDoney ; to mint ; — to make or fabrioate. 
Caiaage, (koin'aD ^ Act or art of coining;— 
the moa^ coined ;— coins of a particular stamp 
or date ;— inTention : fkbrication. 
Ceiaeide, (k6-in-aid^ v. i. [L. eon, in and cadere.) 
To Call together ; to meet at the same point ; 
to ofree in poaitioa ; — ^to coiiespond. 
Ceiaadsnea, (kd-io'seKlens) n. Act or condi< 
tion of falling togetiier ; — agreement of facts 
or tdeaa ; conconieiioe of events. 
CoisfMeBt, (ko-in'se-dont) a. Falling on the 
■une point or line ;•— conesponding in tim& 
Cuasr, (koin'cr) n. One who mMEea coin;— « 
uaker of base monay :— an inventor. 
Coitioa, (kd-ish'on) n. {L. eoirt.] Sezoal in- 
tcnoone; copalation. 
Cair. (kwir) m. Cordage or rope made firom the 

fibns of the coooa-niat. 
Coka, (kok) n. [L. Ger. lott.) Mineral coal 

chaired, or deprived by Are of volatile matter. 
Coks, pcdk) V. L To convert into coke. 
C«>«Bder, (kol'an-der) n. [Lu eolum.} A sieve ; 

aroMei with a bottom 

peifonted with litUe 

wt«s for stxaixking 

Wi (koU) o. [A.S. 

r-'U] Destitate of, 

crddkieat in warmth. Colander. 

V^nical. moral, or intellectnal ; indifferent ; ro- 

«err«d : diaste. 

^id, (kold) n. Absence of wannth ;— the sensa- 

ti<m modoced by the escape of beat;— a catarrh. 

'Wlsoded, (koli'blod-ed) a. Having cold 

»^«j2r^^'*°^^ aensibility or feeling; hard- 

^^^luTt (kohlle) adv. In a cold manner; without 

.'yoth; iadiibrently. 

*^<UaMi, (kokfnes) n. Btote of being cold, in a 

phjSQil or n moral sense ; frigidity ; nnconcem. 
^^ (1^1) a. [U eoli», Q. kaulo; stalk.] A 
l^«^>rplento of the cabbage fiamily. 
***•!•<•«*■•, (kol-e-op'ter-ns) o. [0. koUop- 

7^1 Having winn covered with a case or 

^(Wik)ii. [Q.kWki.} An acata pain in 

tjoobdomen or bowels. 
f»*«i*or, (kol-lab^5-rat-€r) n. fl* coa and 

J^mnvrtl An associate in labour, especially 

wfcary or sientiflB; an aaoiatant. 
^«^PM,Ocol^pir)v.i. LUcon and /oM.] To 

fldl together suddenly;— to shrink up; te be- 
come prostrate. 

CoUanae, (kol-laptO n. A fidling together;— a 
audoen failing of the vital powere ; prostration ; 
— ^failure of a project, dEC 

OoUar, (kollfir) n. [U eof^um.] Something worn 
round the neck ;— a chain worn by officers of 
state, and knights ;— a ring or cincture. 

OoUar, (kollsr) v. i. To seixe by the collar:^ 
to put a collar on. 

Oollar>booa, (kon«r-b6n) n. The chivicle; a 
bone shaped like tiie nuurk [«» ]. 

CoUata, (kol-UtO v. U [L. cmiferre.^ To compara 
critically ; — to gather and place in order, as 
sheets for binding ;— to institute in a benefice. 

CaUateral, (kol-lat'^r-al) a. [L. eon and lalus.^ 
On the aide of; subordlnately connected :— de- 
scending from the same stock, but not direct, 
as Umal, 

CoUaterally, (kol-lat'tr-al-le) adv. Side by aide; 
— indirectly ; — ^not lineally. 

Oollatioa, (kuMa'sbun) n. Act of bringing to- 
gether and comparing ;— presentation to a bene- 
fice ; — a lanch. 

Oollator, (kol-lflt'er) n. One who compares manu- 
scripts or books;— one who preeenta to a benefice. 

OaUeagua, (kolleg) n. [L. colUga.] An associate 
or partner in duty, oflioe, or commiadon. 

CoUeaffue, (kollag) v. t or i To unite with in 
the same office. 

Golleot, (kol-lekt^ v. t. [L. eolliffert.] To gather 
into one body or place ; to assemble ; — ^to take 
up, as money debts or contributions;— to pat to- 
gether, as results of observation, dtc. ; to deduce; 
-^. i. To accumulate ; — ^to infer. 

OoUeet, (kollekt) n. A short oomxnehensive 

Golleoted, (kol-lekt'ed) a. Not diaooncerted ; 
self-poewsaed ; cool; composed. 

Colleotedaesa, (kol-lekt'ed-nes) n. A cool or 
self-possessed state of mind. 

CoUeetioa, (kol-lek'shun) li. Act of collecting ; — 
that which is gathered ; — a contribution ;— com- 
pilation; selection. 

Colleotive, (kol-lektiv) a. Formed by gatbering 
into a mass or body ;— deducing consequences ; 
—expressing a collection or aggregate. 

OktUeotively, (kol-lekt'iv-le) ade. In a mass or 
body; unitedly. 

Oelleotor, (kol-Iekt'§r) n. One who collects or 
gathers customs, duties, taxes, or toll. 

Oalleotoralup, (kol-lekt'cr-ship) n. Office or juris- 
diction of a collector. 

OoQege, (kol'c^) n. A collection ;— a political or 
ecdedastioal assembly, as of electors or car- 
dinals ; — a body of acientiflc or professional men, 
as of physicians, heralds, &c ; — an institution 
for teaching literature and science ; — ^the build- 
ina in wUcn such instruction is given. 

OoUagiaa, (koMS'Jo-an) n. A member of a col- 
lege ; a students 

Goueriate, (kol-le'je-at) a. Pertaining to, or re- 
sembling, a college. 

Collide, (kol-lidO v.i. [L. con and laderr, to 
strikal To strike or dash together. 

OoUia, (koiae) n. [OaeL eulU,] A shepherd's dog. 

OoUier, (kol'ycr) n. (From coal.) A digger of 
coal; —a coal merchant;— a vessel employed 
in the coal trade. 

Oolliery, (kol'ycr-e) n. Place where coal is dug. 

Oolliqueifaetion, (kol-lik-we-fak'shun) n. [L. 
wnliquirtKadJaeert.] A reduction of diiSBrent 
bodies into one mass by fusion. 

(kollfr-kU) T. t lU con u 
fJuil'-ia-lu'iliim)'n. Tlu ae 

ColiodioB, (kol-l . ... ._. , 

(ioD of giinHUttou ill ocher, uwd in ■urg«y ta 
photognphjr. [of mod 

Colleii, (kol'iip) n. [O. tofoiiAoi,! AmwUiUn 
"-"----■ " Di-l(lli»»*l) D. PttUaiine to, 


B, (kol-ia-kH^il-iiiii) ».. A wUoiiii*! 

Ci>U°t>iy< (Kol'lo-kwtj n. [I. con ud Jgfui.] 

eoog i dijiloguo. 
Oollalt, (kal-iad7 v.l. [L. dm ind ladm.} To 

(Mliuin, (kol-Ii'ihim) ■. Sacnt ignsmaot ud 

Celeoyntli. ^I'O-watb) n. [L. cclK^lliU.1 
liitloi ftppie of the iLupa : ■ atrolig cntbut 
Culoii, (ka'loa)>L [U. IdlOH.) llialuiaCt 

Ooloul, (kur'au) n. (V.] Ttis dueT^ou 

(kot-OD-ul') iL (L. mltimiia.] J 
OiIsbV, (koL'D-iM) II. (L, cnlonin.J A bod; o 

ColophtBi (kol'S-'ao) n. IG. lolaptiSn.] An in 
KlipUoa on > bsak, csoiiUialng Ihs pU» a 
yiu of publicsUon, priuter'i uuua, tie, 

0«Iouill,(ka-liK'al)ci. UreuDimouiBin^gifftultic 

< ^—r. I. To turn nd : Is blul 
I*, (kiil'tr*-li]) a. Utrnguei to cotv 
concoftl: ipodoiu; pJintible^ 
CalDU*U7. (kul'fl-ft-^ilBj adv. Withk ftll 
l4nui kppvumwe ; ^wcioualy ; pluuib]/. 

Ctlwtr-bllaiii iii , (fcnl'tr - blind - iiw) ik An im- 

Oslnind, (knt'crd) n. HuTing DOknu;— twviiig 

DaUmiBC, (kul'tr-iBg) n. Oa art of lijing mi 
ooloDjm, H in painbnff ; — » jpocioiu a,-pp^amaoo 

Colouriitt (kal'fr-lAt) n. A pklntv ttha emLa 

Oglsvilw*, (kni'tr-la) a. DaiUBta of oaloar. 
OolparU(<. (koi'pur-UJ ) n. I)libibu(i<jii of 
book*, (nct^T LCf by coJportaurt. 
Oolpartiar, (kol'por-lcO K, [F, eolpoiier.) Ono 

Ooikktin, (kom'bat'iT) a. Unpovd to 
OOMbUrraMl, (kim'bKl-iT-iisi h. UqioHIioe 
to ootitflnd ; — the OE^ut In iibmKilasr v^<:k 
indicnta ft diipoilUon to qiumL Ac 
CsablBftbU, (kom-bln'a-UJ a. Ci^AbU of ooni- 

— ioDotlon of pirtlclff : b 



L To unite together; to beoome 


Conmiante, _(kam'iDe-nut) v. t 

[L. eon and 
To reduce to minate particles; to 

Comminution, (kom-me-nii'abun) n. Act of re- 
ducing to BmaU particles; pnlTexisation ; — at- 

Commiserate, (kom-mis'erAt) v. (. [L. cw. and 
ndsa-ari.] To feel sorrow for ; to pity. 

Commiseration, (kom-mix-f r-i'shun) n. Conoem 
or tendemeas for another's pain; oompoaiion. 

Gommissarial, (kom-mis-sft're-al) a. Pertain- 
ing to a commiswiTy. 

Commissariit,(kom-mis-sa.'reHkt)ii. That depart- 
ment of the public service charged with the 
supply of provisions for an army. 

Commissary, (korn'mis-sfr-e) n. [L. con and 
mittere.^ A deputy ; a commisnoner ; — an officer 
having charge of a department, especially that 
of providing subsistence. • 

Commission, (kom-nush'un) n. [L. commimo.'] 
Act of intnistiug; — act of perpetrating;— a 
legal warrant to execute some office, trust, or 
duty; — the power under such warrant; — the 
document which contains it; — ^Uie thing to be 
done as agent for another ;— brokerage or allow- 
anoe made to a factor or agent 

Commission, (kom-mish'un) v. t. To give a 
oommisuon to; to delegate ; empower. 

Commit, (kom-mif) r. (. [L. com and ^nitUrt.'] 
To give iu tnist ; to delegate ; — to perpetrate ; — 
to pledge or bind ; — to send for triJd or con- 

Commitment, (kom-mit'ment) n. Act of com- 
mitting; particularly, committing to prison. 

Committal, (kom-mit'al) n. Act of committing ; 
— a pledge, actual or implied. 

Committee, rvom-mit'te) n. A select number 
of persons t Aiinted to attend to any particular 
business b> . legislative body, court, sooiety, Ac. 

Commix, (kom-mikt') v. (. or t. pj. com and tnta- 
ctrc] To mix or mingle ; to blend together. 

Commixture, (kom-mikst'ur) n. Act of mixing, <»r 
state of being mixed ;^«ompound. 

Commode, (kom-mod') n. [L. con anfl modus.] A 
head-dress formerly worn by ladies ; — a chest of 
drawers, with shelves and other conveniences. 

Commodious, (kom-mu'di-nii) a. [L. comuutdi- 
09XU.] Affording ease and convenience; — roomy; 
comfortable; usefuL [iently: comfortably. 

Commodiooaly, (kom-mo'de-us-le) adv. Conven- 

Commodiouaneea, (kom-mo'de-us-nes) ». Adapta- 
tion or suitableness for its purpose; o«. i venienoe. 

Commodit7i (kom-mod'e-te) u. [L. cmnmoditai.] 
Convenience; — ^that which affords advantage ; 
goods, waxes, merchandise, tc 

Commodore, (kom'o-dor) n. [It eorMindc.tort.} 
In the Royal Navy, the commander of a squad- 
rou ; — the senior captain in a fleet of mer- 
chantmen. • 

Common, (kom^in) a. [L. con and mwMu.'^ 
Belonging equally to more than one : public ; 
general; — usual; ftequent; — ^not distinguished 
by rank or character ; vulgar ; mean. 

Common, (kom'un) n. * An unindosed tract of 
ground belonging to the publia 
Common, (kom'un) v. t. To have a Joint right in 
ground ; — ^to eat at a table in common. 
Commonable, (kom'un-a-bl) a. Held in com- 
mon ; — allowed to pasture on common laud. 
Commonage, (kom'ttn-aj) n. Right of iMSturing 
on a common ; Joint right of using in oommon. 

CobbmbIt, (kom'nn-le) adv. Usually; geneimUy: 
ordinarily ; Ibr the most part. 

(kom'un-nes) p. lYeqnent oocor- 
renoe ; a state of being common or usuaL 

Oonaumplaoe, (kom'un-plas) a. OBmmon : or- 
dinary; trite ; hackneyed. 

Commonplaoe, (kom'un -pliU) n. A genenU 
idea applicable to different subjects;— « trite 

Ownmmii, (kom'unz) n.jtl. The mass of the 

people : the commonalty ; — ^the lower houae of 
Parliament; — ^provisions; fare at a oonunun 

OomauHnrMlth, (kom'on-welth) n. Popular gov- 
emment; rapublia 

Commotum, (kom-m&'shnn) «. [L. eomvMlio.\ 
I>istarbanoe;— violent action, as of the ele- 
ments ;— mental disorder;— public diaorder; 

Commune, (kom-mOn') r. «. [L. rommuntcore.] 
To converse together familiarly ; to confer. 

Commnnioabilil^ or OommnniftaWeneea, (kom- 
mQ-ne-ka-bU'e-te) n. Capability of being im- 

Oommunicftbla, ^om-^nfl'ne-ka-bl) a. Capable of 
being communicated or imparted. 

Comimmloaiit, Qcom-mii'ne-kant) n. One who 
partakes of the Lord's Supper; a church-member. 

Communioate, (kom-mfi'ne-kilt) v.t. (L. com- 
fRcUnu.] To impart lor Joint or common pos^ 
aesslon ; to bestow ; — ^to reveal, or give, aa 
information ; — r. i. To share or participate ;— 
to partake of the Lord's Supper. 

Coounnnioation, (kom-mCi-ne-ka'shun) m. The 
act of communioating; interooom by ktiera, 
or messages ; — the means of passing Dram phkoe 
to place ; — ^intelligence ; news. 

CoBunnnioatiTe, (kom-mu'ne-k&t-iv) a. In- 
clined or ready to impart to others : — ^unde- 
served, [parting kno^-Iedse. 

Coouaunioatory, (kom-mQ'ne-kat-or-e) cu Im- 

Oommnnion, (kom-mfin'ynn) a. Interoooxae b»> 
tween persona ;— union in religions fkith: — a 
body of Christians having one oosnmon &ith 
and discipline; — ^ihe celebration of the Iiord's 

Commnniam, Ckom'mun-lxm) n. [F. eommuR.] 
The doctrine of a oommunity of jnoperty among 
all the citizens of a state or society : aociaUsxu, 

Oommuniat, (kom'mun-ist) a. Au advocate of 

Community, (kom-mfi'ne-te) it. [L. comaiitntto«.] 
Common possession or eigoyment; — people 
having common rights; the public or people in 
generaL [of being oommutable. 

Commutabilitj, (kom>m&-ta-bil'e-te) n. Quality 

Commutable, (kom-mut'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being exchanged or given for something elsa 

C<»mitttation, (kom-mu-tft'shun) iu Alteration ; 
— exchange ; barter ; — substitution of one pen- 
alty for another ; — ^ransom. 

GoBUButatiTe, (kom-mCit'ftt-iv) o. RelatiTe to 
exchange; interdiangeable. 

Conmmto, (kom-muf) v. t. [L. eommidare.] To 
exchange ; — ^to put one thing in plaoeof another: 
to give one thing instead of another; — ^to sub- 

Compaot, (kom-paiktO a. [L. eomjMcctM.] Firm; 
soUd; — brief; sucoiuct. 

Compaet, fltom'pakt) n. An agreement; a oD%e- 
naut— either of individuals or nations. 

Compaot, (kom-p^f) v. I. To press doaelj- to- 
gether; to coDsolidata ;— to connect llimly. 


It> OMfD-iiiktla) ait. 
I ; dcHlji ; immlj, 
, I, (ksofikt'nn) n. Clns aulon oT 

a^rmmlMi, <luini-iaii'Tiui) ■. [F. nnipiviwiL] 

m-pMi'jan-i-blj n. A(rMbla 
'^ 'it pnd faUawihlp; 

3fDpand ; wortb/of wvpuiioiL 

■ ■ffMr, (koiD'pLr-i-hle) oilr. Inn .. 

■OTth J to b* comittnd. 
n^liiiliii. (kiioi<pViL-tiT) n. Enfiutcil by 

frsB of thut th* poilllvv- 
CIJMfitUnir. (kim-nto'i-tlT-M adv. In n oom- 

Ciitpin. (koiD-idiO '. t (L. eowpar, Uka.] Ts 

'— "i«nioto«l»I«Uoiiiof;— tolflwn;— lo 

i, Toholdannparlioaj toTie. 
(k<]iii-p>U'»«iD) n. Aot of (»ni]iu- 

I or thlDgi :-^«Q|iortl'jDat« eatinu 
[Hit, (bsa-pitt') 1. 1. |I^ em uid 

m-put-tiib'sn) H. Art of di- 
t, (kom-Wt'Dwit) n. On* of Uh 
■rpumla pBiti iDls which u;r thing ii diTldad ; 
— « diTiWcm or pArtiUan. 

— J, 3L«Hia:qiulittcifiiiibiDgarign«liiE. 

CwrMibta, (kniHMf >-bl) a. (L. <SHj>iilUifu.| 

CaulMuC ; lolubl* ; oooinuHU. 
OgmpatlUT, (koo-p^c-bl*) adv. nclr: nltihlr. 

oonatiT, [«qu1 ; ■ oompuilon ; ui uHoiAtfl. 
OoBpMC, (kom-peiO n. [L. on and par] An 
Omp*!, (kom-ftV) v. t [L. cmuiHUcrt.i Ta 

drivo or ur^ LrrHUtlblj ; to PB W iitate, 
fluDiitUklilt, (kom-pal'i-hlj a. Cipiibl* of biilac 

IL. tompiU 

im, (kom-Hl-U'(hni 
I at kddnH or i 
I'pend) II. (L. em and ptndi 

, Tkom-peud'a-iU'le) odr. Ui 

koiD'pBTidVmD) ti- Aji Abii 

Oamp«niat«, {kidd'peiu-jii) v. (. [L. eomi 

oqtuU TiUuB io : lo g;iT* u AialTtlMit for :— i 
To nuko unandi ; to mpplj ma oqnlTaleDt- 

CompatanH. (koni^Hiu) »■ [L 
Btua of bsing oocopetenb : tUitm 

OnipMa^ (tmi'pa'taDt) a. E 
dent ; — hhTlng lagKl iluidiiig en 
■ ittj, (kQiu'pS-tant-le) Oil! 

O fli pat M kB, (kom-pt-tljh'iui) n. Comman atdb 
forlhaHfOfl objMt; amDUtlob ; Tlvftlr^. 

UtrnfOlin, (kom-pM^lt'lTj a. RtlMiag to oom- 
petition; Tival ; omuJoua. 

OtMtlWr, (kDiii-pat;itrCtliL Ona Kba wck* ud 

(tanpiliitiiiii, (kom-pU-l'ahai]) n. Act Dr pTiieHa 
oFomi^llnEi—thtt which la oompilsd. 
OsnpUa, (kom-pU') >. L |L. touipilan] To 

an-H) 1. (Julet plaaaun; 

ioui; — ^ntiflod; ditplAyittg 
land ifttufted ouoner . 

•Uu.iKODi-pltll')'. 1. [L. can LUi plimfttr.i 
ripToH dutma, p&ln, or c«iuu» ;— - to bring 
■ccuatlon ; to mua a chiirgn. 
pUlB>)U.(kDtii-pUn'ut)iL Oos Rho mikia 
uuplftint; — apUinUV; ■proaacator 
plaut. (kou-plint') n. Eipnwan of griaf, 

Laonivr ; — a l l rptfln a of « doaigDKtod o0|uio& 



. __, Oam'tU^tam) it (P.J CiTiiity ; 

act of pleadBg ; obUgixig oompliaiioft, 
OoBpbuMBt, (kom'pl*-zaat) a. [F. camplaiMnL} 
Deuroos to pleaae ; kindly atteDtiTe. 
Comalaiaaiitly, (kom'plA-aait-la) cM<r. In a kind 
and ooorteoiu manner ; with ciTility. 
ComplaBato, (kom-plan'ftt) -r. I. [L. co» and 
planart. ] To maka lerel or eran. 
ComplcmeBt, (koiD'pl»>nient) n. [L, compU' 
taentum.] Folneai: the ftili niunber ; <— that 
which mppliaa a deficiency ; quantity or num- 
ber required to oompletaL 
Oomplniantal, (kom-ple-ment'al) a. Filling up ; 
— sttpplying a defidency : aabaidiary. 
GomptcBiantuyv (kom-ple-menVar-e) a. Serr- 
ing to complete. 

Oomplate, (kom-plSt^ a. Free from deficiency ; 
perfect; — ^finiahed: oondnded. 
Oooq^ete, (kom-plef) r. L [Li eomplere.} To fill 
np ; to perfect; to flniah ; to end. 
Oomplitaly, (kom-plet'le) adv. Fully; en- 
tirely ; perftctly. [oomulete. 
Oomplflteneaa. (kom-pISt'ncs) n, ' State of being 
Completien, (JLcan-pleshnn) n. Act of complet- 
ing, or state of bdng complete :—fiilfi]ment. 
ComplcGK, (kom'pleka) a. [h. con and pUctere.] 
CompoMd of two or more parte ; — ^iuvolTing 
man V intereetp, ideaa, kc : intiicate. 
CompleacioB, (kom-plek'ahuu) n. (L. ecmplexio.] 
Btate of being complex ; texture ;— hue of the 
akin, particularly (A the lace;— general appear- 
anoe. (manner. 

Oomplezly, (kom-plekale) adv. In a complex 

Cemplasncaa or Oemplezitj, (kom'pleka-nes) n. 
Intricacy; manilold or compound condition. 

Omnpliaaoe, (kom-jpli'ana) it. Gonoeasion; acqui- 
escence :— « q iqpoaitton to yield : submiauon. 

Compliant, (kom-pli'ant) a. Bending; — yield- 
ing to request or deure : obliging. 

Compliantiyi (kom-pli'ant-le)aifr. In a yielding 
manner. [complex or intricate 

OonipUeaoy, fkom'ple-lukee) n. State of being 

Oomplieate, (kom'pl»'kftt) v. t [L. complieart.] 
To fold or twist together; to interweave;— to 
inrolve ; — ^to entangle. 

Cemplieatien, <kom-ple-ka'ahun) n. Intricate or 
conftiaed btonding of parts : entanglement. 

Oomplioity, (kom-pIJve-te) u. Condition of 
being^ an accomplice. 

Oonpliaentf (kcwn'ple-ment) n, IL. eomplett.] 
An expression of civility, repud, or admiration; 
— a preBent or favour. 

Compliment, (kom-ple-mentO v. t. To flatter or 
nafify wiUi jiraises ; — to congratulate ; — v. t. 
To use or pass oomplimentSw 

Complimentary, (kom-ple-ment'ar-e) a. Expres- 
sive of civility,, legaid, or praise. 

Complot, (kom'plot) »u [h. comjdieatio.] A joint 
plot ; — a oonspiraoy ; a cabal. 

Complot, (kom-plof) r. t. & i. To plot together ; 
to conspire : to join in a secret design. 

Comply, (kom-pli') r. i. [L. eomplere.} To yield 
assent ; to accord, agree, or acquiesce. 

Component, (kom-p6n'ent) a. [L. eomponere.] 
berving or helping to form ; composing ; consti- 

Component, (kom-pon'ent) n. A constituent 
part; an ingredient. 

Comport, (kom-pOrf) r. i, [L. eon and porUxre.} 
To agree ; to accord ; to suit -.r-v. t To behave ; 
to conduct— with a reflexive pronoun. 

Oempoee, (kom-poz^ v. t. (L. eon and pcntre.) 
To form 1^ uniting word^ things, parta ;— to 

origiBate; to beeome the author of ^-to place 

in otdsr :— to est at rest ;— to set np types fur 
jnintiqg ;— to set wotds to mosic. 
Ceiiipeiel, (kom-pd2d)a. CRlm;quieL 
CenpoM^y, (kflu-pfic'edrle) ode. In'aoompoaed 

manner. [sedatenoM ; tranouUliU*. 

(kom-pdc'ed-nes) n. Calmneei« : 

', (kam-Tpo^^ m. One who composes ; 

an anthor, espedaUy of a piece of music. 
ConpoaiBf-gtiek, flcom-pte'ing<«tik) n. An in- 

stniment in whidi 


types are 

into words and lines. 

Compoaite, (kom'pOz-it) 
a. [L. coMpoHere.] 
Made up d distinct 
parts or elements 
— ^belonging to the 
fifth order of architec- 

Cwmpoaiticw, (kom-po- 
xiah'un]| n. Act of 
composing ; — inven- 
tion or combination 
of the parts of a liter- 
ary or artistic work ; — 
combination in due 
proportion ; — arrange- 
ment of type in print- 
ing ; — stiUe of oeing 
composed ; — adj ust- 
roentof* debt. 

Compositor, (kom*pox'- 
it-€r)». One who sets Composite Order, 
type and makes np pages and forms. 

Conpost, (kom'i)tet)n. (Lbcomponttcm.] A mix- 
ture for fertilixing land. 

Ce mp o aui e, (kom-pfl'zhur) n. Act of compoa- 
ing ; a compoaition; — a settled state ; calmueaa. 

Compota, (kom'pot) n. (F.J Fruit preserved in 

Compound, jTkom-pound') v. (. [L. eon and 
ponere.] To put togethet, as elements, or 
parts to form a whole, to combine or unite ;— to 
adjust by agreement :>-v. t. To settle by com* 
promise ; — to dischaige a debt by paying part. 

Compound, (kom'pound) a. Composed of de- 
ments, ingredients, or narta. 

Compound, (kom'pound) n. A masa com- 
pounded ; mixture of elements, ingredients, or 

Jomnrehend, (kom-pr6-hend0 «. t. (L. con and 

prehendere.] To hold within limits ; to include ; 

to imply ; — ^to take into the mind ; to under- 
C«mprdieBaibla,(kom-pre-hens'e-bI) a. GapaNe 

of being contained, included, or understood. 
Compreheniion, (kom-pre-henshun) i>. Act of 

comprehending ;>-peroeption. ] 

Oemioflhenaive, (kom-pr€-hens'iv)a. Including r 

much within narrow limits ; — large ; inclusive. 
Comprehenaively, (hom-pre-hens'iv-le) adv. With 

gnat extent of embrace ; with large extent of 

signification. [Quality of being oomprehensi vr. 
Comprehenaiwieas, (kom-i)r6-henriv-ues) u. 
Compreaa (kom-picO v. t, [L. con and prmure.] 

To press together ,'— to condense : contract. | 

Compxeas, (kom'pres) n. A folded piece of linen, 

oontrived to make due pressure on a^y port. 
Compreaaibility, (kom-pres-e-bilVte) »« The 

quality of being compressible. i 

CompreaaiUa, (kom-pres'e-bl) a. Capable of 

being forced into a nanvwer oomnaM. 




CovpfVMka, (k a uK p« T «h 'qn) n. The act of oom- 
preBiztg, or the aCsie d being oomp rc e a ed. 

dompTMBte, (koDi-frarlT) a. HaYing power to 
oomiveH. [oompxebendiiig. 

Cempriod, (km-pRtU) n. Act of eomprieuig or 
Coafnac, (km-fnO ^- <- V^ ccmprekendm.] 

Toooofi^tod: looootain. 
r-r-fT««fffT . (koB'pro-mxz) it. [L. etm and pro- 

^ioac] Adjaatznsat of differenoei by ooDoea- 

C ujiwi» , (kom'pro'mis) r. t. To a^jnat by 
xaatai] inaniMifiiH ; — to oommit one's aelf by 
vatd or deed ^-4o engage Hbo wonl or honour 

CmsfoimtKj, (kom-pnl'aa-iar-e) a. Conatnin- 
io; :-<»0catmg bj force ; compelling. 

CmiialaM, (kom- pal 'than) n. [K coia- 

}^Im.] Act of compeIli2>g : — et^te of being 

oompeUed. (oompel: fordng; constraining. 

CcBpalava, (kfRn-pafiiT) a. Haring power to 

CoBfakii^, (kom-poiciT-le) adv. By oom- 

paliiun ; by Covccl 
CoBpsIaeiy, (kom-pol'aor-e) a. Compelling ; 

CispsDBCtiaa, (kom-pangk'ahnn) n. [L. campnn- 

pfTc] Poignant fl^ief or xemone ptoceeding 

from a conacioasneM of guilt. 
CoapaactMus, (kom-pongk^ahe-na) a. Attended 

TUii exKnpanction. 
C flnpaigatia n, (kcnn-por-g&'ahun) n. [L. eon»- 

'rirgnTt.\ Act OT practice of Juatifyiog a man 

bj oath. [computed or numbered. 

fwijwiralila, (kom-pSf a'bl) a. Capable of being 
(kom-pQ-t&'abun) n. Act or pro- 

of cotDimting: caleoiation ; eatimate. 
CoBpetft, (£cMtt-put^ v.t. [L. emnpvLtare.} To 

esioat ; to aidd up, aa numbera or quantitiea ; 

—to *■»«*■«•♦■> ; to calculate. [Utor. 

r,XkiRn-pat'cr) u. A reckoner : a calcn- 

Ccnm'r^) a. [L. eanwra.] A mate, 

o^pamoo, or aaeociate. 
Coa. Quay, A Latin prefix, with the Tariona 

iA&tfUona of CO, coy, col, com, cor, conveying 

tiie idea of onion or oppoaition. 
Cob. (koo) ».t. [A-S. citNnan.] To know; to 

<t^y over ; to endeaTOur to fix on the mind. 
Ceacaltcaate, (kon-k&t'e-n&t) v.t. fL. eon and 

'i^fAo.] To link together; to unite in a aeries. 
Ceeataaataaa, (kon-kat-C-n&'ahun) n. A aeriea 

'4 linka united ; a a n cceaaive aeriea. 
Cleave, (conltaT) a. [L. eon and tawM.\ 

Hoi&(/w and earred or rounded— aaid of the 

i&teriar of any thing hemiqtherical or dome- 

Caease, punlc^T) n. A hollow; an arched 

C«e«ri^, (kon-kaVe-te) n. 

Ht^loviMBB; — the intcnmal 

Kirfaee of a hollatr itKinded 

^J. or the apaoe within 

C*»eeal. (kon^O r.f. [h. CoooafeLeM. 

(^«k and c<^/r.] To keep close or secret: — to 

withhold from utterance or declaration: dis- 
JP^^x ; sereeo, [concealed. 

(kccHriSfa-bl) o. Capable of being 
Oum-eerroeat) n. Keeping doee 

w Kcrei ; pciTscy ;— -place of hiding ;— tuppree- 

ki.« of the truth, 
^aesda, (kon-eedO v.U tlj. 'con and tedere.] 

7'> yield or suntiider : — to admit to bo true ; 

--*. i. To jriela or make oonceaaion. 
wwdt , (koo-iMO T^ P^ concepliM.] Coneep- 

tion ; notion ;— a quaint fancy ;— over estima- 
tion of one's aelf ; vanity. 

Conoeitad, (koD-aet'ed) a. Belf opiniouAted ; vain ; 
having a high opinion of one'a aelt 

Ooaoaitedly, (kon-alt'ed-le) adv. In a conceited 
manner. [being conceited. 

OenceitadBMi, (kon-agfed-nes) n. The aUte of 

GoaeaiTahU, (kon-aev'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
Imagined or understood. [auppoaably. 

OoaeeiTaUy, (kouHiflv' a-ble) adv. Int«Iligib]y ; 

Cenoeire, (kon-eevO v. L [h. con and captre.] 
To receive into the womb and breed ; — to form 
an idea in the mind ; to apprdiend ; — to ima- 
gine : to.deviae ; to project : — v. i. To becomo 
piegnant ; — to think. 

Cone entr e, (kon-aen'tcr) v. «. [L. con and cm- 
iruin. ] To oome to a point ; to meet in a centre. 

Coneentrata, (kon-aen'trilt) v. t. To faring to a 
common centre : to gather into one place, as 
stores, ix. ; — to bring to bear upon one point, as 
troopa. [centrating;— collection: compression. 

Goaeentratioa, (kon-aen-tni'«hun) it. Act of con- 

OeBMntratiTe, (kon-aen'trftt-iv) a. Serving to 
concentrate. [centre. 

Coooentrie, (kon-aen'trik) a. Having a common 

Coneeption, (kon-aep'ahun) n. Act of conceiv- 
ing : — ^the atate of being conceived ; — formation 
in the mind of an idea ; apprehenaion :— image 
or notion ; faculty of forming an idea. 

Concera, (kon-sfrn') r. t. [L. eon and ctmerf.] 
To relate or belong to; — to intereat; — ^to diatorb ; 
to make uneasy. 

Conbtra, (kon-ecm') lu That which relatea or 
belongs to one ; — ^interest in, or care for, any 
person or thing ; — a Arm and its business. 

Conoemadly, (kon-scm'ed-le) adv. With interest, 
care, or affection. 

Ckmoeming, (kon<acm'ing) prtp. Pertaining to ; 
regarding ; having relation to ; with respect to. 

Oonoeniment, (kon-scminent) n. A thing in 
which one la oonceined ; — aolicitude. 

Coneext, (kon-scrtO v. t. [L. con and eertart.] To 

5 Ian together; to deaign and aettle, as proce- 
ure ; to deviae ; — v. i. To act together. 
Cflocert, (kon'asrt) n. Agreement in a deaign or 

pbm : harmony ; — mnaical accordance or har- 
mony :— a public muaical entertainment. 
Conctrtina, (kon-acrt-£'na) n. A small muaical 

instrument of the accor- 

dion apeoiee. 
Concerto, (kon-chSr'to) ». 

[It] A compoaition for a 

aolo inatrument with or- 

chestial accompaniments. 
Conoaaaion, (kon-sesb'un) 

n. [L. eoncesno.] Act of 

granting or yielding ; — 

the thing yielded; a grant; 

a privilege ; — the granting 

of a point in argument. 
ConceaaiTe or Coneeasory, (kon-aes'iv) a. 

ing concession ; yielding ; penuisaive. 
Conch, (kongk) n. [G. loffche.] A marine ahell ; 

—the domed aemicircular or 

polygonal termination of the 

choir or aiale of a church ; 

Coaeheid, (konglcoid) n. [O. 

kogchi, ahell, and ddoa form.] 

A curve of the fourth order. 
Conohologiat, (kong-kol'o-Jiat) 

n. One verMd in the natural 






CfMhoUgT, (kong'kolVJe) n. (G. kopehi, ud 
(«2^/M.J Hcleuotf of ■belk and ttafe aninmlf tluU 
ibbAbft tbem : malacology. 
CoiieUiatt, (koo-nl'e'^tt) r. <. [Lu eoNciiiarr.] To 
win orer ; to gain ftom a atato of boatUity; — ^to 
r«OMfic)ie. (ciliatiug; reconciliation. 

OondUatioB, (kon-ail-^a'aban) n. Act of ooa- 
Coaeiliatory, ( kaU'Sil'e-a-tor-«) a. Tending to oon- 
ciliata; pacific. (thort; laconic ; snodnct. 

OoBdaa. (lumniiO <*> (I^ ^^'i' ^luL eadtre.] Brief ; 
OMMiaalj, (kon-au'la) adc. In fisw wonia ; oom- 
jiretiauslvaly. [ing or writing. 

Oonciaanaac, (kon-iin'nea) n. Brevity in apeak- 
ConoiaioB (kaU'Nizti'uu) ». [L. emteiitio.] A cat- 
ting off; adiviiiion ; a Mct ;— circumciaion. 
Oonel*T«| (kun'kUv) n. (L. eoti and elavU^ 
key. J AiMftment in which the cardinal* meet 
for the election of a pope ; the body of car- 

Oonolu4U« (kon-klOdO r. t [L. con and claudere.] 
'J'u bring to an end; — to cloae, aa an argu- 
ment, by in&iTing;— to dotenuiue: — v.i. To 
Miui9 to aii end; to tenninate; — to form a 
final Judgment. 

Conoluiion, (kon^klfl'shan) n. Last part of any 

thing; linal deolaion ; det«rmination:-«<x)Uife- 

quence or deduction dnwn from premiMS. 

Ooncluaive, (kon-kia'eiv) c:. Jiclongiug to a 

cliMe or termination. [definitively. 

Oonoluaively, (kon-kia'iilT-le) ode. Deoiaively; 

OonolusiveneH, (kou'klu'«iv*uee) n. Quality of 

boing uuncluNivo. 

Oonooot, (kou-kokf) v. i. [It. con and cooucre.] 
To digest, ai food ; — to ooni pound, as a buver- 
ogo :— to design, as a plan or plot. 

OonoootloB, (kon-kok'sbun) n. Uolution and di- 
guMtiuu of food ;— scheming ; contriving. 

Ooaoomitaaoy, (kon-kom'it-an-se) lu btate of 
aoovuiiNinying ; aooompauiment. 

Oondbmltant, (kon*kom'it-ant) a. [L. con and 
coiuvH,] Aocompauyiug or coi^oined with; at- 

Oonoomitant, (kon-kom'it-ant) u. A companion: 
one who or that which aooompauies. 

Oonoemitantly. (kou-kom'it-aut-le)tt(<i:>. In com- 
liany with oUiors. 

Oonoord, (kong'koid) n. [L. con and cor.] Agree- 
ment ; — union between persons, as in o{untous, 
(Vo.;— union between things: fitness;— the con- 
noi'tiuu between pai*ts of speech : harmony. 

Oonoordanoe, (kun-kord'aus) n. Agi-eeuient: — 
an Index to a book, in which tlie princi^ial 
wards are set down, with refenuices to the 
)Mvgi>« in which they occur. 

Coaoordant, (kon-kord'aut) a. [L. concordar<.] 
Agnvmg : correspondent ; harmonious. 

Oonoordantly« (kun-kuixlant-Ie) udv. In a oon- 
ixnxtnnt or htirmunious manner. 

OoncorporaM, (kuu-kor)H)r>ilLt) r. i. To unite in 
ttno muss or Unly. 

Ooaoouraa, (kongkiVrs) n. [h. roHcunfit.] A 
nuivin)>, flowing, or running together; — a 
niix>tiug ; a crowd. 

Concrete, (kou'krdt) a. [L. con and rrr«yre.] 
I'uttiHl funned by ciwUttiou of separate ivutidea 
into uue bud^ t^— ejusting in a subject; not ab- 

Concreta. (konlurvt) m. A coinpoand :-^ mass of 
litl>n<^ clupiiingis \wbbleR, 4:c., cemented. 

CoQCTYte, (kou-ktvt) v.). To unite w coalesce, 
H4 »««^«)i:-tkto )iarttv-les iiiio a ma^ by cobe«iott or 
t.i5»t»v prvvwM ;— r. t. To form inU> a mass. 

C«aex«UM, ^kott'kte'sUuu) m. Act of coaer«t- 

ing ; — tbe mass or aobd matter Canned by oon- 
geiation, or other lika prooeaa. [tion. 

Oo mai at if , (kon-kretlT) a. Fromoting conci-e- 
CoocnUaag*, (kon-kik'bin-&j) n. The oonabiting 
of a man and a woman noitkgnBy married, 
fiwinihinal, (kon-kti'bin-al) a. Pertaining to a 
ooncttbine or to ooncnfainageL 
CoBMilnna, (kODg%u-bin) h. (L. con and eubarr.] 
A woman who cohabitB witli a man without 
being his lawful wife. 

Coneapiaaeneet (kon-kiVpta-«ns) n. Unlawful or 
irregalar deuie, especially of carnal pleasure. 
Concupiaeeat, (kon-ku'pia-ent) a. [L. con and 
eupere.] Coretoua;— desiroos of unlawful plea- 

Coneur, (kon-kiuO v.i. [L. eoHcv.ri^if^] To 
meet in the same point :— to act jointly ; — to 
unite in of^ou ; to asseuL 
Oonouxraooe, (kon-kur'ens) n. A coming to- 
gether: — agreement in opinion: mutual oou- 
sent : — combination of circumstances. 
Concurrent, (kon-ktu^'ent) a. Acting in con- 
junction ; associate ;•— joint in claim or right. 
Concurrently, (kon-kur'ent-le) adv. With con- 
currence ; unitedly. 

Cononasion, (kou-kush'un) n. [L. conrv.Urt.l 
Act of shaking, es][)ecially by the impulse uf 
another body : — the state of being shaken ; 
shock. [or quality of shaking or agitating. 

Conouaaive, (kon-kus'iv) a. Having the i>ow«r 
Condemn, (kon-dem') v. t. [L. con and tiaiu- 
nare.] To Aad fault with: to censure; — to 
denounce aa guilty, heretical. Sic. ;— to give 
judicial sentence against;— to declare unfic 
for use or service. 

Oondemnable, (kon-dem'na-bl) a. Worthy of con- 
demnation: blameworthy: culpable. 
CondemaatioB, ( kon-dam-na ' shun ) n. Ac t of 
condemning; — state of being condeamed ; — 
cause or reason of a sentence. 
Condemnatory, (kon-dem'ua-tor-e) a. Bearing 
condemnation or censure ; condemning;. 
Condensable, (kon-dens'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being condensed. 

Condenaate, (kon-dens'ut) v. t. To c om pre ss into 

a closer form ;— v. i. To become more dense. 

Condensation, (kon-dens-a'shun) h. Act of 

making more dense or compact ; consolidation. 

Condenaative, (kon-dens'at-iv) a. Ilavin^ a 

power or tendency to condense. 

Condense, (kon-deiuO v* '• l^- ^^'^ *^^ denetis.} 
To make more compact or dense ; to nuite 
more closely, by attraction or mechanical 
power ; — r. i. To become more compact ; to 
grow thick or dense. 

Coadeicend, (kou-de-seud') t>. t. [L. con and </r> 
scemlere. ] To let one's self down ; to nBlinquisIi 
the privileges of superior rank; — to deigix. 
voucnsafe. [By way of oondeaoensinu. 

Oondeacendins:l7, (kon - de- send' ing -le) adv. 

Condeaoeaaioa, (kon -de - aen 'shun) n. Vohui- 
taxy descent ftom rank, dignity, or jast 
claims ;— « kindly bear'Pg towards inferiors : 

Condign, (kon-din') a. (L. eon and diffuvj^l 
Deserved ; merited ; suitable. 

Goadignly, (kon-din'ie) adt. According to merit. 

Condiment, (kon'de-ment) n. [L. toudire.} 
Bcmething to give relish to food ; sgawnning. 

Goad^OB, (kon-dish'un) m. [L. coudert.] A 
state or mode of existeaoe;— quality; property; 
means ; estate;— rank ^— temper ; dlspoattion ; — 
the terma of a oontncl; s^imtotion. 


I Cate.ft>A'<k()>. [FeniT. c 

Ucr.l A laiga 


I iw)a. TbflqvJitj of coa- 
<JcfiDC 4r t eD diag to funtaid. 
Catet, (kondokt) u. Act 

I imllin, (BidiBg, 1- - 

'crB-«<)H, A IcjifO** OAion 

tr-it) u 

(I. ™ . 

■eiunuJy; int«ivtiuigB i 
GonTambla, (kou-fgr'a-til) 
CoBftu, (kon-r™-) r, (. (L. ton MMl /o 

OiBfedinU, (ko ,_ _., .. .. , 

Ogaftduu, (kon-ftdiT-it) r.'l. To uiuM is ■ 
Ituua ; to lUjr ;— r. >. lu U iiJU«d. 
CofadustlOD, (koD-fal-cr-a'.huii) n. Actof 

Capablo of beiiig 

raL of A dobt or crinia : -- met uf 
□■ ta H u-i«4t ; — a rommJujr of 

(koU'Cwh'ua-Aj) lu Tlw Hat mhcm 

n. Ona Hbu 

ana wbo avo»e 

^mfldant or 
Mania, {kc 
ilauf) «. [F. 

CmU^fkan-rKllr.i. Ci>ii[aUai»L { 

il/oii:^B. [. Tointnut ;lo^«inth»r(ii,' 
d«iu«, (koii'iB-ttiinD) n. Act of cuuOdiui 

IhrnUat, (koflfD-dcDt) u. ilaiing fuU btUe 
tiuitftU :— eiuiciiUig Hlf-relinucc;— bukl; ihj 

3aiiMmtial,(koD-fe-dtn'>he-iJ}n. Enjo]riDgco 

ar.i.Hih)». (L^civ 

reBtraJiL bj moral pQ'*'"" ; — *, *. Tob 
OtmanEintiit, (koD-lin'nieut)n. RhDh: 
Uuuu : imptuonmuil ^~iistciiUaii b; 



CUwiftwn, (kon-fcim') v. t [L. con and firmart.} 
To make firm ; to give strength to : to render 
certain ;— to admit to the piiTil^fes of the 
Epiaoopalian church. 

Comflniiation, (kon-fcrm-H'shnn) n. Act of con- 
firming : — that which confirm! ; convincing 
proof :— A rite in the Episcopal church. 

Conflnnatory, (kon-f(rm'a-toi-e) a. iSerring to 
confirm ; corroborative. 

Oonflaeable, (kon-fis'ka-bl) a. Capable of being 
confiscated ; liable to forfeitui^e. 

Confiscate, (kon-fislcat) v. t. [L. eon and Jlwnu.] 
To appropriate, as a penalty, to the public use. 

Conflsoate, (kon-fis^at) a. Appropriated, as a 
penalty, to the public use. 

Confisoatton, (kon-fis-ka'shun) n. The act of 
appropriating, as a penalty, to the public use ; 
condemning, as forfeited. 

Confisoator, (kon'fis-kat-^r) n. One who confis- 
cates to the public use. 

Oonflsoatozy, (kon-fislcartor-c) a. Consigning 
to or promoting conflacation. [great scale. 

Gonflagration, (kun-fla-gra'shun) n. A fire on a 

Confliot, (kon'fllkt) n. Violent collision :~a striv- 
ing to oppose or overcome ; — struggle. 

Gonfiiotf (kon-flikf) r. i. [L. con and Jliffrre.] To 
strike or dash together ;— to engage in strife : — 
to differ or oppose. 

Oonfiuence, (kon'flu-ens) n. Tlie meeting or 
junction of streams;— concurrence ; a concourse. 

Confluent, (kon'flu-ent) a. [L. eon and naere.] 
Flowing together ;— meeting in a common cur- 
rent or basin ; united. 

Confiuz, (kon'fluks) n. A flowing together: a 
meeting of currents ; — a large assemblsge ; a 

Confoxm, (kon-form') v.t (L. con and for- 
viare.] To shape in aooordanoe with ; to bring 
into agreement with ; — v. i. To act in accord- 
ance : to complyt 

Conformable, (kon-form'a-bl) a.' Corresponding in 
form, character, opinions, kc ;— in proper form; 
—disposed to compliance or obedience. 

Conformably, (kon-form'a-ble) adv. With or in 
conformity ; suitably ; agreeably. 

Confozmataon, (kon-form-u'sliun) n. Act of con- 
forming ; agreement ;->the structure of a body; 

Oontormist, (kon-form'ist) n. One who complios 
with the doctrine and discipline of the e^tab- 
lislied church of England. 

Conformity, (kon-form'e-te) n. Likeness;— cor- 
respondence in character or manner ; — compli- 
ance witli. 

Confound, (kon-fonnd') v. t. [h, con and fun- 
dtre.] To mingle and blend; — to throw into 

Confraternity, (kon-&a-t{r'ne-te) n. [L. con and 
fraUrnitas.} A brotherhood ; — a body of men 
united by some common bond, often religious. 

Confront, (kon-frunt^ v. t. [L. con and fronx.] 
To stand facing or in tiont of; — to oppose; to 
bring together for comparison. 

Confronti^on, (kon-frunt-u'shnn) «i. Act of 
bhnging persons or things face to face for 
examination and elucidation of truth. 

Confuse, (kon-foxO «•<• (L. con/undcre.] To 
Jumbto together; to render indistinct or ob- 
scure ;— to throw into disorder ; to derange ; to 
cause to lose self-poeseesiou. [manner. 

Confusedly, (kou-fuz'ed-le) adv. In a confused 

Confusion, (kou-fl'zhun) n. Promiscuous mix- 
ture; disorder;— dLgtraotion;— overthrow; ruin. 

Confutable, (kcai-fDt'a-bl) a, CapaUe of being 
confuted or disproved. [ing or dimrovins. 

Oonfutatioa, (kon-At-ft'ahun) n Act of oonftit- 

Confdta, ( kon-f&t' ) v.t. [L. eon, /utart.] To 
prove to be fidse or defective ;~to convict of 
error. [leave ; fiuvwelL 

CoBge, (kong'Je) n. [F. conffi.] Act of takin^r 

Conge, (koxig'j^) r. i. To take leave with tho 
customai-v civilities ; to bow or courtesy. 

Congeal, (kon-jel') r. t [h. am and fftlu.] To 
freeze ; to stiffen with oold ; — to change from & 
fluid to a solid state ; — r. i. To grow hard or 
stiff. [oong«klod. 

Cottgtalable, (kon-jera-l>I) a. Capable of bcdu^; 

Congelation or Cflmgealment, (kon-J61-a'ahuu) »«. 
The process or act of congealing, or the state of 
being congealed ; concretion. 

Congener, (kon'jfin-cr) n. [L. con and ^miMs.] 
A thing of the same kind or nature. 

Congenial, ( kon-je'ne-al ) a. [h. con and 
genialif.] Partaking of the same nature; 
kindred; sympathetic; — ^naturally adapted or 

Congenially or Congenialneaa, (kon-Jfr-na-^Ke-te) 
n. Participation of the same nature or «iia- 
positiou ; natural alfinity ; suitablenesa 

Congenital, (kon-jen'it-al) a. [L. con and pi^ 
nere,] Begotten together;— dating from birth. 

CoBgw-eel, (kong'ger-el) n. [L. confer.} A 
large species of sea eel. 

Congeries, (kon-je'ro-ez) n. tinff. & pf. [L. ron- 
grirrt.] A collection of particles or bodies into 
one mass ; a heap; a combination. 

Congest, (kon-jesr) v. t. [L. congerere.] To col- 
lect into a mass ; to aggregate. 

Congestion, (kon-Jeet'yun) n. An unnatural 
accumulation of blood in any part of the body. 

Congestive, (kon-jestlv) a. indicating or at- 
tended by an accumulation of blood in some 
part of the body. 

Conglobate, (kon-gI5b'at) a. (Ij. con and fflobare.] 
Formed or gathered into a ball : globular. 

Conglobate, (kon-glOb'at) v. t. To collect or fbrm 
into a ball, or hard, round substance. 

Gonglob^on, (kon-glob-ft'shuu) n. Act of ibnn- 
ing into a ball ; a round body. [into a balL 

Conglobe, (kon-gldb') v. t To gather or form 

Conglobulate, (kon-glob'u-lat) r. i. To form into 
a little round mass or globule. 

Conglomerate, (kon-glom'cr-at) a, [L. con and 
glomuM.] Gathered in a mass or clustered toge- 
ther ;—compoeed of stones or fi^gmieuts uf 
rocks, cemented together. 

Conglomerate, (kon-glom'er-a^ r. t To gather or 
form into a bsdl or round body. 

Conglomerate, (kon-glom'er-at) n. CdUaction; 
accumulation ; — ^pudding stone. 

Conglomeratioa, (kon-glom-cr-a'shun)N. A gath- 
ering into a mass ; collection. 

Con^lutinant, (kon-gl66'tin-ant) a, Servin^p to 
umte closely ; noaliiig. 

Conglutinate, (kon-gloO'Un-Ilt) v. t. [L. een and 
ffluUn.] To glue together; — v.i. Toooaleaoe. 

Conglutination, (kon-gl6<>-tin-ft'shun) n. The 
act of gluing together ; union. 

Congoa, fkong'g^ n, [Chin. Lung-Zbo.] A spe- 
cies of black tea. 

Congratalate, (kon-graf n-Ut) v. L \h. eon and 
gratulari.] To wish Joy to on aocottut of some 
happy event. 

Oongratolation, (kon-grat-u-l&'shnn) n. Act of 
expressing pleasure and good wishes on the «ttc- 
of another. 




(kon-grat'tt-Ia-tor-e) a, Expres- 

UM9 of joy at'the good foitnne of another. 
CmgreKata, (koog'gre-g&t) v. t. [L. con and grez.] 

To collect into an afsemblj ;^v. i. To come 

together; toa»embld. 
CflBgTc^ation, (koDg-grS-gar'shnn) n. Act of con- 

gregatuig: — an aasambly of penona 
CvngtegtXioaMX, (kong-srS-gft'shan-al) a. Ter- 
jtainini; to a congr^ation ; — Independent. 

ioaaliam, (kong-gx^-ga'snun-al-ixm) «. 

A •jBtem of church government Tihich Tests 
eoclesiastical power in the aaaembled brother- 
hood of each local chorch. 

Conpesa, (kong^gree) u, (L. con and gradus.] 
A meeting ; — a formal assembly, as of deputies 
cr commiarionen: — ^the senators and repreaen- 
Utivea of the United States. 

s, (kong-gres'ir) a. Encoontering. 
(kong'groo-ens) n. [L. conffruat.] 
Snitahleneas of one thing to another. 

Caogrwtnt, (kong'giiiO-ent) a. Suitable; agree- 
ing ; c or reaponding : consistent. 

Caagnatj, (kong-ghk/it-e) n. Quality of being 
congraeat : fitness ; correspondence. 

Ceacmanaj (]u>ng'grd6-us)a. Accordant: suitable. 

Cencmcaabr, (kong'gruO-ua-le) adv. Suitably; 
aoDoniantfy; pertinently. 

OoBic* (koo'ik) oT [0. Idnil-oi.] Having the 
form of, or reeambling a cone :— pertaining to a 

Coaiea, (konlks) n. nnp. That port of geometiy 
which treats of the cone and its curves. 

Conifesvaa, (ko-nif cr-na) a. [L. contu and /emre,] 
Bearing ooaea, as the pine, fir, cypress, Ac. 

Coajeotaral, (kon-Jek'tur-al) a. Depending on 

Ceajaetnre, (kon-Jek'tUr) ti. A guess; forma- 
tion of an <^iinion on defisctive or presumptive 
evidaooe; surmise. 

Coajectaxe, ikon-jek'tur) v. t [L. con and jacere.} 
To infer firam slight evidence; — v. i. To sur- 
mise ; to gueasL 

Caijaia« (kon-joinO v.U (L. con and Jungert.} 
To join togetlier ; — to associate or connect;— v. i. 
To unite. [associated. 

Ce^joust, (kon-joint^ a. United; connected; 

Csnjeiatlj, (kon-jointle) adv. In a coqjolnt man- 
ner, ling or approiariate to the marriage state. 

CoB^lsfal, (kon'jo6-gal; a. [L. conjux.] Belong- 

Coajofata, (kon'j<io-g&i) v.t. [L. con and jugu Uk ] 
To unite ; to inflect, a« verbs. 

Ceajagatioa, (kon-ju6-ga'shun) a. Act of inflect- 
ia%j, as a verb ;— a class of verbe inflected. 

Ceajaaal^ (kon'jungkt) a. [L. conjungerc] 
Utiited ; oonjoicwd ; concurrent. 

Csajmictiim, (kon-Jnngk'shun) n. Union; asso- 
dation ; — a word nsed to join words and s^- 

CsBjunetivVt (kon-jnngk'tiv) a. Goeely united ; 
— aerving to unite. 

CoBJoaetij, (kon-jongktle) adv. In union; <K>n- 
jointly; unitedly. 

(kajnactara, (kon-jun^'tur) n. The act of join- 
ing, or the state of being joined ; combination ; 
— an oecaaion or crisis. 

CoBiaratiaa, (kon-j66r-a'shun) n. An earnest 
e&ticaty ; — invocation of divine power. 

Obajara, (Kon-j66t0 r. t. [L. eoHU\djurare.1 To 
esil on or summon ; to implore with solemnity ; 
— r. t. To practise magiou Arts. 

Cesijarar, <kiui'j<>ur-f r) n. One who coi^uree, oar 
eutreata ; — a practiaer of magic or legerdeipoin. 
K, (kon-nas'ens) n. [h. con and nawi.] 

The birth of two or more at the same time ?— act 
of growing togetlier. [same time. 

Connaioent, (kon-nas'ent) a. Produced at the 
Oonnate, (kon'nat) a. [L. con and natus.] Bom 
with another ; — united in origin. 
Connatural, (kon-nat'ur-al) a. [L. eon and Eng. 
natui-aL} Connected by nature ; inherent. 
Connect, (kon-nekf) v.t. [L. con and ntctei^e.] 
To knit or &steu together :—v. i. To unite ; to 
have close relation. 

Conneotien, (kon-nek'shun) n. [L. conn^xto.] The 
act of uniting, or the state of being united ; — 
the persons or things connected ;— one con- 
nected hy family ; — a religious community. 
Connective, (kon-nektlv) a. Having the power 
of connecting. 

ConneotiTe, (kon-nekt'iv) n. A particle that 
connects words or sentences ; a conjunction. 
CenniTonoe, (kon-niv'ans) n. Winking at;— 
voluntary blindness to a fault or crime ; con- 

Connive, (kon-nivO v. t. [L. con and niva'c] 
To wink at ; to overlook, as a fault. 
Connoiaseur, (kou'is-sur) n. [F.] Critical judge 
or master of the fine arts, as painting and 
sculpture. [taste of a connoisseur. 

Connoiaaeurahip, (kon'is-siir-ship) n. Skill or 
Connote, (kon-nof) v. t. [L. con and notare.] To 
mark out as having common mialities, &.c. 
Connubial, (kon-nu'be-al) a. [L. con and nu- 
hcrt.] Fertaining to the marriage state, nuptial. 
Conoid, (kOn'oid) n. [G. Lmios^ and eidos.] Any 
thing that has the form of a oone ; 
—a solid which is formed by the 
revolution of a conic seccion about 

Conoid or Oonoidio, (kfin'oid) a. Fer< 
taining to a conoid. ^'i!.'"j 

Conquer, ( kong' kf r ) v. t. [L. con 
and qucertrc.] To reduce by force ; Conoid, 
subdue:— to gain by force; — to overoorae by 
argument ; to surmount; — v. i. To gain the vic- 
tory ; to prevail. [gained or overcome. 
Conquerable, (konglctr-o-bl) a. Capable of being 
Conquest, (kouglcwest) n. Act of conquering, or 
overcoming by force ;^that which is conquered. 
Conaaiigiiineoua, (kon-san-gwin'e-us) a. [L. con 
and sangui*.] Of the some blood; related by 

Consannini^, (kon-san-gwin'e-te) n. There- 
lationuiip of persona by blood or birtli. 
Oonacienoe, (kon'she-ens) n. [L. con and icire.) 
Self-knowledge :— the moiid sense, the faculty 
which determines and enforces right, and pro- 
hibits and condemns wrong. 
Consoientiona, ^kon - she - en ' she - us) a. Gov- 
erned by the dictates of conscience. 
Consflientioualy, (kon-she-en'she-us-le) adv. In 
accordance with the dictates of conscience. 
Comaaientiouaneaa, (kon- she -en 'she -us -nee) n. 
A scrupulous regard to conscience ;—integi-ity 
of motives. 

Conscious, (kon'she-us) a. Knowing one's own 
thoughts or actions ;— having knowledge of ;— 
said or done with knowledge of 
Consciousness, (kon'shi-us-ues) n. The know- 
ledge of what poases in one's own mind;-> 
innate sense of guilt or innocence : — immediate 
knowledge. [Enrolled; written; registered. 
Conscript, (kon'skript) a. [L. con and acriUre.] 
Conscript (kon'skript) n. One taken by lot. 
Conscription, (kon-ekrip'shun) n. A compulsory 
enrolment fbr military or naval servioet 




Conaeorate, (kon'se-kr&t) v. t. [L. contaerare.] 
To make or declare to be sacxed ; to dedicate ; 
to cauonixe. 

Consecratioii, (kQii-«e-kr il'shun) n. A ct of Betting 
apart to a itacred use :— devotiou to the service 
of God :— cajioniKatiou. 

ConMontioB, (koa-ae-ku'shon) n. fL- ^o^ ^i^d 
stqui. ] A troiu of conseqaeuoea ;— chain of de- 

ConsecutiTe, ( kon-sek'u-tir ) a. Following as a 
oonsoquenoe : — Aucoeeding in the same order. 
CoaMcutively, (kon-sek'u-tiv-le) ml v. Bj way 
of snooessiou : in order, one after another. 
Conaaat, (kou-seut*) n. Act of yielding: — 
agroement in opinion or sentiment; — concur- 

Coaaait, (kon-sanf) v. L [L. can and $entirt.] 
To be of the same mind; to agroe with; — to yield 
to, as to force or argument; to admit; to allow. 

Conaentaneona, (kon-sent-a'ne-us) a. [L. conten- 
tatuut.] Consistent; agreeable or aooozdant; 

Conaentient, (kon-8en'ahe-ent)a. {L. eontentUn*.] 
Agreeing in mind . aooordant in opinion. 

Oonisequence, (kon'se-kwens) n. Etfoct :— a con- 
clusion from reason or argument ; inference ; 
importance: moment. 
I CoBsequent, (kon'se-kwent) a. [L. conseqitent.] 
I Following as a result or by inference. 
' Conaequent, (kon'se-kweut) n. That which fol- 
lows a cause : effect ; — a couclusion or inference. 

Conaequential, (kon-se-kweu'sbe-al) a. Following 
as a coiisequenoe or result : — ^pompous. 

Ccnaagnrnitially, (kon • se - kwen'she - al - le) adv. 
With assumed importance. 

Conaeqneiitly, (kon'se-kwent-Ie) adv. By conse- 
quence ; by logical seqneuoe. 

Coaaerrable, (kon-ssnr^-bl) a. Capable of being 
kept or preserved. 

Ooiiiierratio&, (kou-scrv-ii'shun) n. Act of pre- 
serving or protecting . keeping safe and entire. 

Conaervatiam, (kon-s^rv'a-tizm) n. Disposition 
to preserve what is established: opposition to 

ConaerYative, (kon-scrv'at-Iv) a. Having power 
to |>rescrve ; — disposed to maintain existing 

Conaemitive, (kon-sQrv'at-iv) n. One who, or 
that which, preaerves ; — a Torj'. 

Conaerratoire, (kon-s$z^va-twar) it. [F.] An aca- 
demy fur teaching music. 

Coaaorator, (koa-s^rv'at-^r) n. One who pre- 
serves from injury or innovation ; a keeper. 

Conaetratory, (kon-ssrv'a-tor-«) tt. A place for 
preserving things : — a greenhouse. 

Oonaerye, (kon-sgrv') r. t. [L. com and tfrvarf.l 
To preserve;— to preparo with sugar, &c., for 
preservation, airtruita, Ac. 

dimaenra (koii-scrv') n. A swoetmeat, fruit, &c., 
pre|>arod with aug;ir. 

Oonaider, (koii-sid'er) r. f. [L. con*iderart.1 To 
tliiuk on with caiv ; to take into view or ac- 
count:— to estimate :—r. a. To think seriously 
or carerully ; to dcliberato. 

Conaiderable, (kon-sid'er-a-bl) a. Worthy of re- 
gard or attention. [siiiorable d^ree. 

(Mnaidenbly, (kon-«id>r-a-b1e) aiti'. In a con- 

Oonaiderate, (kon-sid'^r-ut) a. Given to oon- 
sidoratiou ; mindful of the rights and feelings of 

Oonaiderateneaa, (kon-sid'(r-at-nos) n. The qual- 
ity of cxercuung consideration ; prudence. 
lOTBdwatia a, (koo-«id-sr.ft'shun) ♦«, The p^ pf 

considering : deliberation ;— ground of opinion 

or action;— compenaation. 
Conaicii, (kon-ain') v.t. [L. eonsiffnarf.] To 

transfer in a formal manner :— to intrust : — to 

give into the handa of an agent for sale, &c. 
CoaaignM, (kon-ein-^ n. [F. cousi^t^.] Chie to 

whom goods are debvered in trust. 
Oonaijgninitnt, (kon-stn'ment) n. The act of con- 
signing ;— the thing consigned : the goods sent 

or delivered to an agent for sale. 
Cimaiat, (kon-aisf) v. t. [L. con and M«frrr.] To 

stand tc^ther: to subsist :— to be oomprLsed in ; 

—to be compoaed of :— to agree. 
Conaiatanoe or Oonaiaten^, (kon-siat'ens) n. Con- 
dition of atanding together, or being in union ; 

a degree of denaity ;— agreement : oongmity. 
Conaiataat, (kon-siat'ent) a. Fixed: solid, as o;>- 

posed to fluid ; congruoos : compatible. 
CoBiiatenUy, (kon-aist'ent-le) adv. In a oon- 

aistent manner. 
(Vmaiatory, fkon-BiB'tor-«) a. [L. conrirtcrt.'] a 

oonncil ;— tne court of a diooeaan biahop ; — the 

college of cardinals. 
ConaoJaiatton, (kon-so-ahe-a'ahnn) fi. Intimate 

union ; alliance : association. [consolation. 

Oonaolabla, (kon-aol'a-bl) a. Capable of receiving 
CenaelatJom, (kon-s5-lil'shuu) n. Oomfort ;-^act of 

comforting, or the state of being comforted. 
Conaolatay, (kon-aol'a-tor-e) a. Tending to give 

Cooaole, (kon-aol') v.'t. [L. con and Molari.} To 

comfort : to cheer in dia- 

treas or depression. 
Cooaole, Hcon'sol) n. [L. 

ccn ana solidua.} A^ 

bracket or a projecting 

ornament on the key- 
atone of an arch. 
Conaolidate, (kon-aore-dftt) 

r.t. To make solid; to 
unite into one mass or 
body :— r. i. To grow Ann 

and hard : to unite. 
ConaolidatJon, (kon-«ol-e- Conaolei. 

da'shun) H. Act of making or becoming oom- 

pact and Arm ; concretion ; — combination, aa of 

les^ claims, moneyed interests, tie. 
CoiuMiLa, (kon'sok) Consolidated aanaities 
bearing an annual interest of three per cent. 
Conaooaaoe, (kon'so-nans) n. A pleasing aoooni 
of sounds; — agreement or congniity. 
Conaonaat, (kon'ao-nant) a. (L. con and mmarr.] 
Having agreement; oongruooa. 
Oonaooant, (kon'ao-nant) h. An artlcnlate aoond 
which in utterance is combined with a vowel ; a 
letter repreaenting auch a aoond. 
Copaort, (Kon'sort) n. [L. con and sort.) A com- 
panion or iNirtoer; a wife or husband ; — a ooni- 
I)anion ship. 

Oonaort (kon-aorf) v. i. To unite or to keep com- 
pany ; to associate. Ipartaenbi]!. 
Oooaoitahip, (kon'sort-ship) «. Fellowship: 
Ooaipeotaa, (kon-spek'tus) a. [1^] A general 
sketch or outline of a sul^ect , a synopsis ; an 

Conapiouoiia, (kon-apik'il-aa) a. [L- c^f» and 
gpicert.] Obvious to the eye; mauifeai;— dis- 
tinguished: prominent. [eminenUy. 
Oonajiiouoiudy, (kon-wik'u-ua-le) adr. Obvioiuly: 
Oooapieooiiaaeaa or uonapieailj, (kon-apik'u-«t»- 
nes) ti. State of being easily aeeu;- state uf 
being widely known ; eminence ; renown. 
Qmufjpxwy, (kon-apix'a-ae)!!. A com b i n ation of 




pefton»itt«mimabl7 for an eril purpoae ;>-« oon- 
cQiTcnoei as of caosM or dicnmatanoes to one 
erent. [spires; a plotter. 

Oaupirator, (koD-e{dr'at^r) n. One who oon- 

Cao^ire, ( kon -spiz') v. i. {L. con and spirart.] 
To plot togetber;— to coDcur to one end. i 

OsnstsWo. (knn'sta-bl) n. [F. eonnetable.] A high 
olfioer in the mooarchial establishments ofue 
middle ages :— an ofBcer of the peace : a public 
officer executing the warrants of judgies, magis- 
timtesL te. 

OoBslaoBlaiy, (kon-«tab'a-lar-e) a. Pertaining to 
ooDitebles; consisting of amstables. 

Castaaflj, (kon'stan-ee) u. Quality of being 
■tradfaat ; — ^fizedneis or firmness of mind. 

CoBStant, (kon'stant) a. [L. con. and stare.] 
Fixed; steadfast;— inrariable ; determined. 

Censtmiti (kon'stant) n. That which is not sub- 
ject to diange: — a fixed quantity in the problem. 

OBOJtentlj, (kon'stant-le) adv. With constancy ; 
firmly : st«adily ; continually. 

Csnatdttatieiii, (kon-etei-ia'shuo) n. [L. eon and 
slWia.] A cluster or group of fixed stars ;^an 
saemblage of splendours or excellences. 

Csnstwnaticn, (kan-st^r-u&'shun) n. [L. con and 
^nrntrt,] Amazement or terror which con- 
loonds the fiicnlties, and incapacitates for 
thof^^ht or action. 

OeostipatB, (kon'ste-pat) v. t. [L. con and stipare.] 
To stop, as a passage ; to render costive. 

GonaticpiitifBa, (kon-ste-pa'shun) w. Act of crowd- 
ing into leas compass: — stoppage of the bowels. 

Ceaititnfnoy» (kon-«tit'fi-eu-ee) n. The whole 
bodjr of oonstttaents. 

OoaatflaeBt, (kon'Stit'a-ent)a. Serving to form : 
oompaneni; elemental; — having the power of 

fiMiit i tiiTfft j (kon-stit'ii-ent) n. The person who 
establiBlies or constructs: — a component part: 
an efa ut ent ;— one who appoints to an office or 
employment ;— a voter for a member of Parlia- 

Ceastitato, (kon'ste-tfit) r. t. [L. eon and stat- 
v^rt.} To establish : to enact ;— to compoa|; to 
fofm :— to appoint or elect. 

Cooatitatiao, (kon-ste-tu'shun) n. Act of con- 
stitnting; formation ;— the natural oondition 
of body or mind, in respect of health, vigour, 
^ ; — established form of government ; sys- 
tem or body of laws; — a partieular law or usage. 

Censtitatiaaal, (kon-ste-tu'shnn-al) a. Belong- 
ing to, or inherent in, the constitution. 

CoaatitatiaBaliat, (kon-ste-tu'shun-al-ist) n. One 
«fao adheias to the existing order of things in a 

Ceaadtatiaoallj, (kon-ste-tii'shun-al-le} acZtr. In 
aeeordanoe with the constitution. 

'*'"»Tl M"^ ' ^^ (kon'ste-tu-tiv) a. Tending to oon- 
stitate ; — having power to enact or establish. 

rnasliain, (kon-strAn') v. t. [L. con and Mtringere.] 
To stiain or press; to compel; to force to action; 
—to eeeors by bonds ;— to hold back by force. 

r^waliiiiiahlii. (kon-striln'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being foroed or reprBssed. [strsint. 

Oaaalniaadljr, (kon-strftn'ed-Ie) <idt. By oon- 

Oasatzaia^ (kon-strftnt') n, Gcnnpelling force;— 
reatrainiiu force ; hindnmee ; oonfinement. 

CoBfltiieCr(Kon-sfariktr) r. t. [L. emutringere.] To 
draw toceUisr ; to contract : to cramp ; to bind. 

CoBabietwa,(kon-strik'shun)n. A contraction or 
drawing together. 

r,(kon-strikt'€r)n* That which draws 
or contracts ;— one of certain muscles 

which contract parts or organs of the body. 
Boa constrictor, a serpent which winds its fclda 
round its prey, and crushes it. 

0<mstrinfe, (kon-etri^j') v. i. [L. eonttringere.^ 
To draw together ; to contract. 

Constringent (kon-strinj'eut) a. Having the 
quality of contracting. 

Oonstraot, (kon-strukf) r. t. fL. con and itruert.] 
To form ; to build ; to put together the parts of; 
—to devise and put in order. 

Oonatruotion, ^on-struk'shun) n. Act of build- 
ing, or of devising ; fabrication ; oompoeition ;— 
structure; conformation; — sjrntactical arrange- 
ment; — ^understanding; interpretation. 

Oofistruotive, (kon-strukt'iv) o. Having ability 
to form ;— derived by interpretation ; inferred. 

Oooatmotivelyi (kon-strukt'iv-le) ad9. In a con- 
structive manner; bv interpretation or inference. 

Oonstrue, (kon'str66) v.t. [h. comiruert.] To 
arrange words in proper order ; to explain the 
connection of words in a clause or sentence ; — 
hence, to interpret ; to translate. 

Oenatuprate, (kon'stfl-prftt) v. t. [L. tivprum,] 
To violate the person of; to ravish. 

Oonstnpation, (kon-sta-pra'Bhun)n. The act of 
violating or debauching. 

Oonaubatantialf O^on-sub-stan'she-al) a. fL. con 
iavdi »ub$tantxali».] Having the some substauoe 
or essence ; — of the same nature. 

Oooaubstantiate, (kon-sub-stait'she-at) v.t. [L. 
eon and aubttantia.] To unite in one common 
substance or nature. 

Oonaubstantiation, (kon-sub-«tan-she-a'shim) n, 
Identi^ or union of substance ;— the raed pres- 
ence of the body of Christ in the bread and 
wine of the Lord s supper. 

Oonaul, (kon'sul) n. [L. consulere.'] One of the 
two chief magistrates of the Roman republic; — 
an officer appointed by government to protect 
the commercial and other interests of its citi- 
zens in a foreign countxy. 

Ooniralar, (kon'sQ-l^r) a. Pertaining to a consul 

Consulate, (kon'su-iat) n. Office and official resi- 
dence of a consul. 

Oonsnlship, (kon'sul-ship) n. The office of a 
consul ; — the term of office of a consul. 

Oounlt, (kon-sult^) v. t. [L. eonitwlere] To ttUce 
counsel ; to deliboate ; — v. t. To ask advice of ; 
to seek the opinion of ; — ^to contrive. 

OouidtatiOB, (kon-sult-ft'shun) n. Act of de- 
liberating ;— a i^eeting of persons, especially of 
lawyers or of physicians, to consult together. 

Oeniwnnable,(kon-siim'a-bl) a. Capable of being 

Consome, Qcon-siim') v.t. [L. fit>m emi and 
»umert.] To waste or destroy, as by decomposi- 
tion, use, or fire ; — v. i. To waste away slowly. 

CoBsammatei (kon-sum'ilt) v. t. [L. contumvwre.} 
To brii^ to completion ; to raise to the highest 
point or degree ; to perfect. 

CwuRmimate, (kon-sum'at) o. Carried to the 
utmost extent or degree ; complete ; perfect. 

Oftmummatiflii, (kon-sum-A'shun) n. Act of car- 
rying to the utmost extent or dagree; comple- 
tion : perfection ;— final end of all things. 

Oemmmptiott, (kon-sum'shun) n. [L. coiitumptio.] 
Act of consuming: — a disesse in the lungs, 
attended with fever, oough, dec. 

Ooasnmptxfe, (kon-sum'tiv^ a. Having the qual- 
ity of consuming or dissipating;— affected with 
or inclined tophthisis, or disease of the lungs. 

Cons ump t i va n esSr (kon-sum'tiv-nes) n. Tend- 
ency to consumption. 




CoBtMt, (kon'takt) it. [h. con and tanffert.] 
Tunch : » toochin^ or meeting of bodies. 

ContegioB, (kon'ti'jan) it. (L. contoffio.} A 
oommonicatjon of rtinrntn bj ooutact; — that 
which tends to tnoamit diseaie ;— act or means 
of spreading immoral and vicioas influence. 

CoDtafioua, (kon-taje-us) a. InCactious; oomr 
miuucable by contact : catching ; — ^pestilentiaL 

Contain, (kon-tdn') r. t. [L. eon and Uiure.] To 
hold within fixed limits: to oom|irehend: to 
oumpriae ;— to keep within boonds; to zectrain; 
— r. ». To live in contineuoe or chastity. 

ContainaUev (kon-tanVbl) a. C^nble of being 
contained. [being contaminated. 

Contajninable, (kon-tamln-a-bl) a. Capable of 

Contanunatc, (kon-tam'in-ut) r. (. [L. com and 
tuMinare.] lu soil, stain, or oompt by defiling 

Oontamiiiatimi, <kQn-tam-in-&'shim) n. Act of 
polluting; pollution: defilement: taint. 

Contoui, (kon-tem') v.t. (L. con and temnere.] To 
despise: to scorn; — to treat as unworthy of re- 
gard ; to reject with disdain. 

Ccntemper, (kon-tem'p$r) v. t. [L. eon and tern- 
jM'raiY.] To moderate ; to reduce by mixture. 

Contemplate, (kou - tern' plut) v.t. [L. contevi- 
j>lari,] To look at on all sides ; to regard with 
deliberate care; to meditate on : to study ;— to 
liave in view; to look forward to; — t*. a. To 
think studiously ; to meditate. 

Contemplation, (kon-tem-pU'shun) n. Medi- 
tation ; — serious reflection ; a holy exercise of 

CentemplatKre, (kon-tem'plHt-iv) a. Pertaining 
to, or addicted to, contemplation ; thoughtfid. 

Contemporaaeoua, (kon-tem-po-rttne-UR) a. [L. 
eon and tempta.] Living, acting, or happening 
at the same time. 

Contemponmooualy, ^on-tem-po-ra ne-us-le) adr. 
At the same time with some other event. 

C<mtanporar7, Qu>n-tem'po-xa-re) a. [L. con and 
tem2>u*.] Livmg, acting, or happening at the 
■omo time. 

Contemporazy, (kon-tem'po-ra-re) n. One who 
lives at the same time with another. 

Contempt, (kon*temt'))i. [L.] Act of despising ; 
tUsdain ; soom ; — the state of being detipised ; 
shame ; disgrace ;— disobedience of the rules of a 

Contemptible, (kon-tem'ie-bl) a. Worthv of con* 
temiJt: deaerving scorn;— despicable; vile; base. 

Contomptooua, (kon-temt'u-us3 a. Manifesting 
or expressing contempt or disdain ; — scornful. 

Contemptooujuy, ( kon-temta-us-le ) adv. lu a 
oontoniptuous manner ; soonifnlly. 

Contend, ( kon-tend') v. i. [L. con and Undere.l 
To fight or struggle with : to combat ; — to fight 
Against ; to oppose ;— to strive or make an efibrt 

Content, (kon-tent^ a. [L. con and tenn't.] Self- 
contained ; satisfied in desire ; happy in condi- 

Content, (kon-tenf) v. t To satisfy the mind 
of : to appease ;— to please or gratify. 

Content, (kon-tenf) n. Rest or satisfaction of 
the mind in one's present condition ; — pi. That 
whioli is contained ; the things held in any given 
s)Mioe, as a box, book, room, 6io. 

Contented, (kon-teut'ed) a. Content; easy in 
mind ; satisfied. 

Contentedly, ( kon-tent'edle ) adc. In a con- 
tented manner. 

Oento&tiea, ^kon-ten'shun) n, [L. contentio.] 

Stnfe;— a violent effort to obtain or to reaist ; — 

omtest in words ; controvert. 
Oontfutiflws, OLoQ-ten'sho-os) a. Apt to contend ; 

— relating to contention; wrangling ; litigious. 
Contwntionaly, (kon-ten'sh»-ns-le) adr. In a quax- 

xvlsome or utigioos manner. 
Contennmona. (kon-tyr'min-tts) a. (L. con and 

UnninK*.} Bordering upon; touching at the 

borders ur boundaries ; contiguous. 
Contest, (kon-test) r. C. [L. cou and tofari.] To 

make a subject of dispute ;— to strive eameatly 

to hold or maintain ; — to resist, a a claim by 

law;— r. L To ez^gage in dispute, strife, or emu- 
lation ; to contend. 
Contest, (kon'test) n. Earnest struggle for sai>e- 

riority, defence, or the like ; strife in arms ; — 

earnest dispute ; strife in argument. 
ContestaUe, (kou-te8t'a-bl)a. DisputaMe. 
Context, (kon'tekst) n. [L. conttxiM.\ The 

parts of a discourse which precede or follow a 

sentence quoted;— 4he passages of Scripturo 

which are near the text. 
Conteztnre, (kon-tekst'ur) n. The weaving c^ 

parts into one body ; fabric ; — constitution. 
Contiguity, (kon-te-gu'e-te)n. Touching of bodies; 

contact ; nearness In situation or place. 
Contiguous, (kon-tig'u-us) a. [L. con axxl toA- 

gn-t.\ In contact ; toudiing; adjacent. 
Centiguonaly, (kon-tig'u-us-lti) adc. In a man- 

ner to touch ; in cloee function. 
Contigoousness, (kon-tig ' u-us-ncs) n. State of 

contact : dose union. 
Continence, (kon'te-nens) n. Restraint put on 

desire and passion ; self-command ; chastity. 
Continent, (kon'te-nent) a. [L. con and Unert.} 

Exercising restraint of desiie or iiaauou; tem- 
perate; chaste. 
Continent, (kon'tc-neat) ti. One of the lax^ger 

bodies of land on the globe ; — the main land k4 

Europe, as distinguished fzum the British 

Continental, (kon-te-nent'al) a. Pertaining to a 
continent ; — pertaining to Europe. 

Contingency, (kon-tin'jen-se) ». State of being 
cara;u ;— an event which may occur ; poeribility. 

Contingent, (kon-tiu'jent) a. [L. coHtiufieft.\ 
Poesible or liable, but not certain ; — occideutal ; 
casual : conditional. 

Contingent, (kon-tin'Jent) n. A fortuitious 
event ; proper share ; proportion. 

Contingently, ^kon-tiujent-le ) adv. Without 
design or foresight; accidentally. 

Continoal, (kon-tiu'tt-al) a. Incessant ;—«ft«n 
repeated; ooitstant; unceasing. 

Continually, (kon-tin'u-ol-le) a. Without oeesa- 
tiun : unceasingly ; — constantly ; perpetually. 

Continuance, (kon-tin'u-atts) n. Laliting ; )ier- 
mauenoe, as of condition, habits, &c. ; — suc- 
cession ; renewal ; propagation. 

Continuation, (kon-tin-u-&'sliuu) n. Act of con- 
tinuing, or the state of being ooutiuuod ; exten- 
sion; prolongation; protraction. 

Continuator, (kon-tin'u-&t-tr) w. One who keeps 
up a series, succession, or work. 

Continue, (kon-tin'u) V. t. [L. coYifiHuarr] To 
remain in a given place or conditiou: — to 
endure ; to last ;— 9. i. To extend ; to pn>tract. 

Continuity, (kon-te-nu'e-te) n. State of being 
continuous ; connection ; close union of ports. 

Continuous, (kon-tin'u-us) a. [L. eoutiiittr.} 
Coi\joined or subsisting without break or inter- 
ruption, [tiuuous tnauiici . 

CooB&uouily, (kon-tin'a-us-le) ixdc. In a cxju- 




Contort, (kon-torf) v.t [L. eon And torqture.] 
To twist togvtlur ; to writhe. 
C<»ta>tiaB.(koB*tafr'cfa.un) ii. A twisting ; a writh- 
iug ; psrljji didocfttkni of a limb. 
Caataar, (kon-tooiO n. [F. can and tour.] 
fchape : figuiw ; oatune ; periphaiy. 
Coatzm, (koo'tra) prep, [u] Against; — a pre- 
fix to manj words, giving the sense of opposi- 
Lion orooDtasti. 

CoBtzaband, (kon'tia-band) a. Prohibited by 
Uw or ti«atj ; forbidden. 

Ccotr^aad, (kon'tra-band) n. [L. contraban- 
nt.-»,] Prohibited merchandise or traffic ; — ^the 
It^ prohibiticm of traffic. 
CoBtmet, (kon-tiakt^ v.t. (U eon and tra- 
f-'re.} To flraw together or nearer ; — ^to bargain 
<ir covenant for ; — to betroth: — ^to unite into a 
lung vowel or diphthong;— v. i. To bo drawn 
t4%'eiher ; to shrink; to bargain. 
Ceatraot* (kon'trakt) n, A compact, agreement, 
«r covenant ; — a formal writing of the act or 
the deed of betrothal. 

CoatzBOfead, (kcci4zakt'ed) p.a. Diawn together; 
narrow; mean. [traction. 

Ceatnstikle, (kon-trakt'e-bl)a. Capable of con- 

Cootractiaa, (kon-trak'ahim) n. Act of contract- 
ing or state of being oontiacted;— abbreviation; 
—the sfaoTiening of a word by the omission of a 
vowel or lyUable. 

Ceotraator, (kon-trakfer) n. [L.] A party to a 
largain :— 'One who undertakes to famish goods, 
«>r to execute work. 

Centiadist, (kon-tra<dikt f • ^- [L.c<m<m, and 
«'<«»*. J To o^NMe verbally; to deny; — to 

Contradiotian, (kon-tra-dik'shun) n. Verbal de- 
niid :— opposition or repugnancy ; contrariety. 

CentndiBlanljr, (kon-tza-dik'tQr-e-le) ode. In a 
cQDtiwIietoTy manner. 

Geateadieteey, (kon>tra-dik'tor«) a. Affirming 
theoootimry: — inocmsistent ; contrary. 

CeBtradiatiBetiaB, (kon-tra-dis-tingk'shun)!!. 
I distinction bj opposite qualities. 

CoattadiattaetKve,(kon>tra-dis-tingktlv)a. Dis- 
tingoishing by contrast. 

riwilnilirtUniiiiTi. (kon-tra-dis-ting'gwish) r. t. 
To disting;aish by contrast; — to designate by 
oiqioaiie qualities. 

Cot^ralto, Ckon'tral'to) ?^ [Tt. centra and alto.] 
Ihe park song by the highest male or lowest 
female Toloea; — the voice or singer performing 

CoatnipeattlflB, (kon*tia>pd-sish'un) n. A placing 
r.ver ^g^*"** ; opposite position. 

Ceotranei^, (kni-tra-ri^te) n. Opposition in 
wence, quality, or principle ; inconsistency. 

Centrai^ir, (kon'tia^re-le) adv. In a contrary 
manner ; inojppoeite ways. 

Ceotranwiae, (kon'^n^'^*^) <'^*- On the con- 
trary; on the other hand ;—oonvenely. 

C entiai y , (kon'tra-ie) a. [L. contra.] Oppoate; 
tTjyposins ; diffnnent ; contradictory. 

Cenferar, (kon'tta-re) n. A thing of opposite 
«|aalitiea ;— a propoettion contrary to another. 

Ceatrait, (kon-traatO v. i. [L. contra and Hare.] 
To be or stand in oppoeition ; to exhibit con- 
trast : — r. I. To set side by side, or in oppoei- 
tion, with a view to show the mperiority of one 
thing o^er another, or to make the one set off 
thts other. 

Caatraat, (kon'tzast) n. Exhibition of dissimi- 
larity: diffiiretttial comparison ;->Jaxtaposition 
of budiea, figures, or qualities, to set off each 

other, or to show their relative excellence; — 
the result of such comparison. 

Contravene, (kon-tra-ven^ v. t. [L. contra and 
vetiire.] To come sgainst,' — to obstruct; to baffie. 

Coiitraventioa,(kon-tra-ven'Bhttn) n. Opposition ; 

Coatribatary, (kon-trib'ut-ar-e) a. Paying tri- 
bute to the same sovereign ; auxiliary. 

Contribate, (kon-trib'ut) v. t. [L. con and tri- 
buere.] To give to a common stock or for a com- 
mon purpose ,—v. i. To give a part ; to famish 
a portion ; to lend assistance or aud. 

Contribution, (kon-tre-bu'shun) n. Act of giving 
money or lending aid ;— collection ;— imposition 
levied on a conquered place. 

Gontributive, (kon-trib'ut-iv) a. Tending to 
contribute ; lending aid or influence. 

Contzibator, (kon-trib'u-t^r) n. One who contri- 
butes ;— a writer in a periodical. 

Contributory, (kon-trib u-tor-e) a. C!ontributing 
to the same stock or parpose; promoting the 
same end. 

Contrite, (kon'trit) a. [L. eon. and terere.] 
Bruised; worn; — broken down with grief: 
broken-hearted for sin, and especially for sin, as 
against God. [ner ; penitently. 

Ccmtritely, (kon'trit*le) adv. In a contrite man- 

Contritiim, (kon - trish'un) >^ [L. eontritio.] 
Grinding or rubbing down;— the state of being 
contrite ; deep sorrow for sin ; compunction. 

Contrivable, (kon-triv'a-bl) a. Capaole of being 

Contrivaaoe, (kon-tri Vans) n. Act of contriving ; 
— the thing contrived ; — device ; invention. 

ContriTe, (kon-triv^ v. t. [F. eon and U-ouvtr.] 
To form by an exercise of ingenuity ; to devise ; 
— v.i. To make devices; to plan. 

Control, (kon-trol') n. [F. contre and HUe^ roll.] 
A register kept to check another;— that which 
servee to restrain or hinder ;— power or author- 
ity to check : restraining influence. 

Control, (kon-trol') v. t. To check, as by a regis- 
ter; — ^to have under command, as mechanical 
force ; — ^to regulate, aB passions;— to govern, as 

ControUaUa, (kon-trol'a-bl) a. Capable of bdng 

Omitravenial, (kon - txd - ▼{I'she - al) a. Relating 
to disputes ; disputatious ; polemical. 

Contreveraialiat, ( kon-tro-ver'she-al-ist ) n. One 
who carries on a oonto>versy. 

CpOtttrovaraially, (kon-trd-vcr8he-al-le)adtf. In a 
controversial manner. 

Cotttroveray, (kon'tro-vcr-se) n. [L. eon troversia . ] 
Contest in argument ; debate ;— a difference in 
opinion maintained by written discussion; — the 
point argued. 

Controvert, (kon'tro-vcrt) v.t. [L. cont}^ and 
vertere.] To oppose or <Uspute by argument : to 
contend sgainst in words or writings; to debate; 
to deny. 

CoDtrovertibla, (kon-tr5-v{rt'e-bl) a. Capable of 
being controverted ; disputable. 

Contrvvertibly, (kon-trd-vcrt'e*ble)adr. In a con- 
trovertible manner. 

CoBtumadoua, (kon-til-ma'she-us) a. Swelling 
sgainst ; rebellious ;— <iontemning authority : — 
disobedient to the summons or orders of a court. 

Oontamaoioualy. (kon-tft-m&'ahe-us-le) adv. In a 
perverse, haughty, or rebellious manner. 

Centumacy, (kon'tQ-ma-se) n. [L. eon and tuui- 
ert.] Persistent obstinacy; stubborn pervene- 
ness ;— contempt of lawful rules and orders. 




I ilium can' 

f koDHo-inHe'iM ) a. 

eontamdj; orerbesrin^T ouulcuipiiMMtf. 
OlMilmiiiilj. ( koa'ttt-me-I« ) ». [Lu r<m/tfn«f«a.] 

Inmli; indignity; ftfi<unt. 
OoBtuM, (kon-toO ^' ^ [L- '''^^ *»d fKp/^Ti'.] 

To beat, poand, ur famj trjgetlutr ; — to bniue or 

injure hy beating. 
Oomtunoii, (kcm-tazhnn) v. Act of beatinj^ anrl 

broiong ; — state of bttng bntiaed ; — a hart or 

ii^iiry to a body by a blunt instnuneni or by a 

Oooniidsiiai, (kfVnan'dmm) n. fO. Eng. eontu.] 

A liddto in which aome fftld rewmblanoe between 

thin^i qaite unlike in propoaed for diaooTcry. 
ConralMM, (kon-Ta-Ies) r. i. pL.. ron and ra/«»- 

crre.] To reoover health and ctnogth after 

CkmralMetnoe, (kon-Ta-lenVnn) n. Reoorery of 

health and strength after dineaee ; the state of a 

body renewing ita vigour after sicknem. 
OoanleaomA, (kon-va-lea'eut) a. BeooTeiing 

health and strength. 
OoBTallaria, (kon-val-lU're-a) n. 

vattium.] A genus of Britinh 

nlants. The lily of the valley 

Li one of the mt^t bcantifol 

and valuerl plants iu the Brit- 

ifth flora. 
Convene, (kon-vi'ti') r. t. fL. eon 

and vfttirr.] I'o oume together; 

to meet in tlie same ]>Lice; 

— v.t. To «ill tiigaiher; to 

convoke : — to suiuuion Judi- 

OoaTenar, (kon-vCii'cr) n. One ** Convallaiia. 

wlio convenes : — the president of a ootirt, oom- 

mittee. or club. 
Oonvenienoe, (kon'Ven'yena) n. 8tate of being 

ix)nvenlent ;~«uitablenesB ; — aocommodation. 
Oonvanient, (kon-vOn'yent) a. [L. conventre.] 

Fit : answering its object ; suitable;— handy; — 

affording ease or advantage ; roomy. 
OoaTeniently (kon-ven'yeut-le) adv. Fitly ; suit- 
ably ; oommoiiiously ; easily. 
Oonvant, (kon'vent) n. [L. conventutt.} A com- 
munity devotcil to a religious life; — a house 

occupied by moiikit or nuns. 
OoBventiole ( kon-ven'to-kl ) n. An assembly for 

worship ; — a diwienteni' meeting house. 
Oonvennon, (kou-ven'shun) n. [L. convetitioA 

Act of coming together ; ooalitiou ;— a formal 

assembly of delegates or representatives ;— a 

compact to siuiwnd hostilities pending negotia- 
tions, ibo. 
ConTMitional, (kon-ven'^hnn-al) a. Formed by 

agreement ; sanctioned byum^; customair. 
OonvantionaUam, ( kon-von'i«)iun-al-izm) n. That 

which is eatablishoil by common usage. 
Ooaveationality, (kon-veu-dnm-ftlVta) n. C'on- 

ventioiuU character or rule. 
OttQTerge, (kon-vfrj') r. i. [L. con and vtrfftrt.] 

IV) tend to oue )M)int : to incline. 
OttaTwgenoe, (kon-v^rj'eiif*) )«. Quality of oon- 

vondng: tondenoy t4> uno point. 
Oopveryont, (kdii-vcrj'unt) a. Tending to one 

iMiint ; approaching. 
OonTtnaluef (kon- vcra'a-bl) rr. Qualified for oon- 

voniatlon ;- disixieul to talk ; affable. 
Ooavanaat, (kon'vcn*-ant) a. Having firequent 

intercourse :— familiar with by use or study. 
OoiiTerMitio& ( kon-vfr-sa'shun) n. General 

onnduot; behaviotir; — ^intercourse : close ac- 

qnaintanoe ;— fiuniliar disoouxse ; inlbmud talk. 

, (kon-Tcr-ai'shim-al) a. Fartain- 
ing to ftmiliar talk; eoOoquiaL 
nsiiinwiiwii, (kop-vy sa t s e &rA) m. [It-l A 
party for eosivenatioii, partacolarly on literaty 


(JkoKt-Tfoiyr.i. (Ll am and rermH.] 
To keep eonpaDy ;— to talk fiuniliarly ; to cfaal 
Csuwiw, (kaafrfn) n. Familiarity ;—£sn]iliar 
d is e ooi ae;— • propoaitioii formed by inter- 
changing the Bubfect and predioata. 
CoBvene, (koo'vcrs) a. Opposite; reversed in 
order or relation ; redpnwal. 
O uu w eiaely , (kaafrcn-le) adv. With change of 
order ; in an oppoeito order; reciprocally. 
Oottvanka, (kion-vsr^shun) n. (L. couv«rno.1 
A taming ;— a diange from one side, party, car 
religion to another ;— redaction of the form of a 
pr oposition ;— a ndical diange of hearty chazsc- 
ter, and life. 

CoBVCXt, (kon-vtrtO r. t [L. «m and reriertJ} 
To change from one state to another ;— to alter 
the form of a proposition ; — ^to turn the heart 
and life from sin unto God ; — ^r. i. To be turned 
or changed. 

Convert, (kon'vtrt) m. One who turns from the 
power of sin to holiness. 

CoBTortibility or CoBTortililoDen, (kon-vcrt-e- 
bil'e-te) n. Conditiou or quality of being con> 

CooTcrtiblo, (kon-v^rf c-bl) a. Capable of being 
exchanged or interchanged ; redprocaL 
Convex, (kon'veks) a. [L. couvexus.] Rising or 
swelling on the exterior snrfiioe 
into a spherical or rounded 
form : gibbous. 

Convezi^ or Convomfloa (kon- 
vek8'e-to)n. State of being con- 
vex; — rounded or spherical 

Gonvexly, (kon'veks-le) adv. In a convex fonn. 
Convey, (kon-vfl') r. t. [F. co»»9ri«r.] To carry 
fh>m one place to another;— to transfer; to make 
over by deed ;— to impart or communicate. 
ConveyaUe, (kon-v&'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
conveyed or transferred. 

Conveyanoe, (kon-va^ans) n. Act of convey i ng ; 
tnmsmission; — ^the means of transit; — the trana- 
ferenoe of titles, estates, Ac. ; — ^the legal docu- 
ment by which titles, &c., are Ixansferred. 
Conveyaacer, (kon-v&'ans-^) n. One who draws 
up conveyances of property^ &c. 
Conveyaaoing, (kon-v&'ans-ing) n. The act or 
practice of drawing up oonveyanoes of paro- 
perty, &c. 

Convict, (kon-vikf) v. t. [L. eon and r»n<ynr.] 
To prove or find guilty of an offence or crime 
diaiged :— to show by proof. 
Convict, (kon'vikt) n. A person proved guilty of 
a crime alleged agninst him. 
Conviotioa, (kon-rik'shnn) n. Act of proving tn- 
B4judging guilty of an office; — act of oofa- 
vindng of error ; oonf^itetion ; — state of being 
convinced of sin, or condemned by oonadenee ; 
— strong belief ; assurance of a tnxth. 
Convinoo, (kon-vins') v. t. [L. fhim em and r»i<- 
cere.] To overcome by argument ; to sstiaiy by 
proof ;-^to subdue ^e opposition of the minid to 
truth. [victioo. 

Convindble, (kon-rins^o-bl) a. Capable of ood- 
Convivial, O^on-viv'e-al) a. Relating to a feast ; 
—festive ; jovial ; social. 

Conviviality, (kon-viv-»«IVte)it. The good hum- 
our or mirth indulged in upon festive oocaaionsL 

ri» T »wtlw . (kto-TO-kl'idian) n. Ant at uan 

of tfaM OBTgy CT of tha luKbii In a mJYDintT. 
Onnk^ (kiui-T^ (. I. [h. cmeotan.] Too 

0«MliB»(»OmilBt^(kon'Td-llli)n, [L.w 

-^Ct of Inllinr nr rif •- -« «— ^'-' 

Ooop. (k*4p) r, (. Td conflno In 

OmaUin, (kon- 

•Tul'ihnn) n. A Tialsnt Inml- 
_.. —---iQgoi™;— agitation. 
FrD*!iielug» or mt* 

C«r. aene)». [L. c^itul, 
qTudfiipad of tha goum 

Cta. (k<i6)r.i. [ftom 
fOQDd-J Td mi^a k 


(k«fc) r.(. If,. 
.] Totitiipuv, B«] 

Ctaik, (koDk) 1^ Om WHO 

jnfKfto CcpDd. Con/, 

fiilr'ny. (kA6k'CT-«) n. Art or pncUm of jhv- 
Hiiuy ffwd for ths tkb>«. 

C<^(ka61)a. [A.-H. cd.I Hodantol; coM ;— 
pndndD^ ooDlnot; — ^fro* frmi sicitomctit: 
et-mpusil ;— monirErtilll dilllks; EhilUnf; »> 

ChI. (koof 

-ri. To 

That which kbalo hott o 
rMil In whkh liqnon ar 

(koDl'iHa) iL State of boioj and: 
I oold;— want of nal or aOMion; 

Ckiom)n. fD. toam. P.fam4™i..J Rml 

vhotli. DT at (bi awnUi'af ui OTen. 
Chv, (koop) R. (D. tuip, L. eitpa.] Almrrtlor 
CBik ;— « fTttod b^ for koff[Ang inull ■"'■*'■'■, 

lU (k&flp'jr-at) >■. i. ' (L. coH Bnit o/ii^.l 
jointly with othcmi-to reucur ii> iin,' 

1, (ka-op-(ra'ihnn) n. Art of to- 

oporating; conCTirront eddn ; i<rint oiwratinn 
'M5™«.(k6jOi^e"i-ll.)o. Oi™iGr,fj„lni]y 
Oo-onUnato, (ka-or'dln-it) o. [L. ton and 

DTt/i'aai-f, to ivfnlats.) EquA] in rank or 

onlor; not aubordinnte. 
Os-oTiUii*to, (kO-or'diii-st) r.l. To makt oo- 

orflnato, or oqual in rank : to hannoniie. 
CQ-Dnii»to» (k&«r'dii]'at) n. A j«r»ncrtbinK 

.{kS-pirtntO Coot 

n. IProm to and ,wr(iwT.l A Joint partnsr ; 

CofnitBoakqi or OoianDS^, (ka-iiin^{r-ihi|i) ». 

)c^ (kop) n. (W. ceti. A.-tl. raptH.j A odtoT' 

Coptmieu, (ko-pci'ni'-kui) a. Partainlng t 

OspBf . (kop'ing) n. Tho bigbMt o 

"(iib'pi-'iu) u, [L. co^n. 
_ J qnanlily or amc 
aappliea ;.-*biindant ; plan 

Oapiou, (I 

Oonar. C 


. (kui/tr) r. I. Ill tuna VT 
u. (kujif") "■ ('J G"- 
— . >"iyr'?^t" ■, 

Ciil. (kujt) 
I^irptUii na, puing to Uh Qi|i(i. 

"— da, (kuii'lUi)o. [A. iri'.ff.l Bcluiitfingor r. 

^^.tio. {k«/tjk) Nr The la f ipiaga oT ILe tJopU. 

o™ii«. (koj/a-i.) ' ■■ 

CgpoUU, {kop-aiai) T. L (L. Vdj.u^rrf.) To nnit 
OvfuUtte. (k(ip4-U'itaui>) 11. Act uf euuiUint:- 

OhiMM, <ki-l(6t') B, (F, caj^rll. 

mir»Uon :-a flirt. 
OoqntMub, {ko-kist lih) a. rnstiii 

bllilig cuquetry J befilting n Foquct. 
Ounola, (koT'a-kl) I'. [W. conriil . 

autinf ot iHlliei; Inthe^. 
Cohuuer, (kor-fl-ui'd^r) q. [Tj. n 

pluit, tll« Kfiil* uf vrtiicl] are atXDngij uvouuc, 

■tomachic, and camiijiatita. 
CoTintfaiazi, (kDT-ln'th»«n) p. pBrlainiiic to 

tkinl, (kofal) n. 
t uOphytoa, c 

briilUu. (Itor'al- 

altting of ojTfll ; llkv cvnl. 
OanlUua. (kor'al-in) >i. A 

■iibmarliie, cslcareoua 

Cattail, (korli^ n. (H. 


. I, (kork'jak.€ 

Id uJiii a-imming. 
"atk-aenw, <kork'akr66)N. Aicnn 

Catkj. (kuik'e) cr. Contiiting at, oi 

■■— atingllkeomk. 





(kof^iDd-fant) n, 

gsntu ai web -footed 

bmii, of the pelican family, 

charactemsd oy gnat Tora- 

dty : — a' gltttton. 
Cam, (kom) n. [A.-S. com.] 

A anglo gnia ; — the rarioiu 

(xreal or flarmaoeons gnuna 

which grow iu ears, and are 

oaed for food, used collec- 

tirely: — the fJanta wluch 

jirodnce com. 
CSra, (kom) a^ [L. eomu.] A bard excresoenoe, 

or uiduration of the skia on the foot. 
Cata, (kom) v. t. To cure by aalting ;~to form 

into amall graina ; to granalate. 
(Sanstea, (kor^iia^) n. [L. comu.] The homy, 

tnuMparent niembnmo which forma the front 

part of the ball of the eye. 
(iecaeL, (kor'nel) n. A ahmb ; the dogwood. 
(SonieliaB, (kor-ndleHua) n. A preciona atone; a 

rariety cNf chalcedony at variooa colours. 
ConuMoa, (kor^nfr-iu) a. [L.comeus.] Uom-like; 

ooBcigtiDg of a homy sabetanoe. 
Caaett (kat'niT) n. [L. eoruu.] The point where 

two cotiYexguig linea meet ; — ^Uie apace between 

two ooarexging linea or walla: — ^an incloaed or 

retired plao> ; a nook ; a bit of; a part ;— an em- 

banaased poaitioD. 
CacBcr-ttOBM, (kor'ner-aton) n. The stone which 

li«a at the oonier of two walla, and ouitea them ; 

the chief atone. 
Goract, (lu>r'net)n. [F. conut, L. comu, hom.] 

A ^ledea of trumpet ;— the officer who carries 

the etaadaxd in a cavalry troop. 
GanMtej, (koi'nei-ee) n. The oommiaaion or rank 

uf a comet. 
Camirft, (kor'nia) m. [G. hfrdais.) A moulded 

|irt>jeetiian which crowns the capital or column ; 

any omanaental projection. 
Caraiah, (kom'ish) n. The dialect or the people 

of ComwalL 

(kora'iah) a. Pertaining to Cornwall, 
(kor-nu-ko'pe-a) n. [L. cuniu, and 

coj/iti.} The horn of plenty, 

frum which fruits and 

Sjwen proceed— an em- 

Lk m of abundance. 
Oarantad, (kor -nut'od) a. 

Grafted with horns; 

honiad ; hom-ahaped. 
Cwmf,(kom'ia)a. [Ccomu.] 

t&trucig, atiir, or hard like 

bom : roembling hom. 
CacB7, (kom'e) a. Froducing com or grain; — 

tmrting of malt. 
Coralla, (ko-xol'a) n. [L. corolla^ diminutive of 

K-M-^na, crown.] The inner cover- .^ 

ingot a flower, oompoaed of one or 

nnire leavea, called pttals. 
CaraQaij, (kor'ol-la-re) n. [L. co- 

mita.] Tbak which follows over 

and above a pro p oe i tion demon- 
aa iaferance. 
(kor-o'na) n. [L.] A Corolla. 

crown-Uke margin of the top of a flower;->« 

cirde aRHind a luminbus body. 
Cniwiiat, (kov'd-nal) a. Fartaining to the crown 

or top of the hoad. (—the frontal bone. 

Coraoalf (k(M<5-nal) n. A crown; wreath; garland; 
(teoaation, (kor-o-na'shun) n. Act, ceremony, or 

aolemnity of crowning a aovareign. 

, (koc'dHDicr) n. A legal officer appointed 




to hold inquest on caaea of violent, sudden, or 

suspicious death. 
OonuMt, (kor' o- net) n. [L. corona.] 

ferior crown worn by 

noblemen;— on ornamen- 
tal head-dress. 
Corporal, (kor'po-ral) n. [F. 

cajMraL] The lowest 

uou-commifisioued officer 

of a company or troop ; — 

an officer under the master 

at arms. 
Corporal, (kor'po-ral) a, [L. eorpu$.'\ 

or relating to the body ;— matexial. 
Corporality, (kor-po-ral'e-te) iu btate of bein? 

embodied : materiality— opposed to spirituality. 
Corporally, (kor'po-ral-le) adv. In or with tlie 

body; bodily. [tion or corporation. 

Corporate, (kor'po-rat) a. United in an aseociu- 
(Jotporately, (kox'po-rat-le) ade. In a corporate 

Coiporatiim, (kor-po-ra'shun) n. A municipal, 

legal, mercantile, or professional association, 

authorised to act, plead, or sue, as a single jwr- 

aon, governed by its own bye-laws, and electing 

its office-bearers from its own body. 
Corporeal, (kor-pd're-al) a. [L. corpusy body.] 

Having a material body or substanca 
Corporeality, (kor-pO-ru-al'e-te) iu Ilie state of 

being corporeal. [form or manner. 

Corporeally, (kor-po'rC-al-le) adv. In a bodily 
CcnBt (kor) n. 9ing. i^pL [¥.] A body of troops; 

a division of an army. 
Corpse, (korps) n. [U corpus.] The dead body 

of a human being ; come ; carcass. 
(Sorpuleaoy, (kor'pu-len-ae)n. Kxcessive fatness; 

fltthiness; obesity. 
Cozpulent, (kor'pu-lent) a. [L. corpus.} Fleaby: 

bX; — stout: pursy; obese. 
Corpuscle, (korpu»-l) n. A minute particle or 

physical atom ; — an animal oelL 
Ciorpucolar, (kor-pus'ku-ler) a. Pertaining to or 

composed of corpuscles or small particles. 
Correct, (kor-rekt') a. Conformable to truth, or 

to a just standard ; free froxa error or fault ; 

accurate; exact 
(^orxeot, (kor-rektO v. t. [L. eon and rtgere.] To 

make right ; to bring to the standard of truth, 

justice, or propriety; — to reprove or punish ; — 

to obviate or*reraove ; to change ; to amend. 
CorreotioB, (kor-rek'shun) n. Act of correctins : 

emendation of errors; amendment: — puuiali- 

ment; discipline; — counteraction of what in lu- 

convenient or hurtful. 
Oonreotional, (kor-rek'sbnn-al) a. Tending to, or 

intended finr, punishment or reformation. 
Oerrective, (kor-rekt'iv) a. Having the power 

to correct ; tending to obviate or rectify. 
Goixeetly, (kor-rsktle) adv. Accurately; exactly. 
Correctneaa, (kor-rakt'nes) n. btate of being 

correct^ exactness ; accuracy. 
Correlatian, (kor-re-la'shun) n. [L. con and 

rtlatio.] Bedprocal or mutual relation. 
Correlative, (kor-rel'at-iv) n. One who, or that 

which, stands in reciprocal relation — the ante- 
cedent of a pronoun. 
Corresp<md, (kor-re-spondO r. «. [L. con and ir- 

spondert.] To answer one to another;— to be 

adapted ;— to have intercourae or oomnmnica- 

tion, especially by letter. 
Correspondence, (kor-re-apond'ens) n. Afutiial 

adaptation of one thing to another ; congruity ; 

—friendly intercourse by letters . 




OorrMpoadoit. (kor-r6-ipoiid'ent) a. Suitable ; 

ooDgruooJi ; ooofonDabfe ; aaawemUe. 
Oorreipondent, (kor-re-epoDd'ent) n. One with 

whom intarooone is carried on by letten. 
Correspondently, (kor-re-epond'ent-le) adv. Con- 
formably ; answerably ; vuitably. 
Corridor, (kor're-ddr) ft. {F.J A gallery in a 

building, flanked by the doors of a^iartments. 
Corrigible, (kor're-je-bl) a. (L. eorrtffere.] Cap- 
able of being amended or reformed ; — ^worthy of 

being chastised ; punishable. 
Corrival, (k&-ri'vaf) n. A feUow-rival; a com- 

Corroborant, (kor-roVd-rant) a. Having the 

power or quality of giving strength; oonflnning. 
GtorroboraDt, (kor- rob ' 6 - rant) n. A medicine 

that strengthens the body ; a tonic. 
Oo r roberate, (kor-rob'O-hit) r. (. [L eon and 

roborare. J To make more strong; to strengthen ; 

— to make more certain ; to confirm by proof. 
Corroboration, (kor-rob-O-ra'shun) n. The act of 

strengthening ;— confirmation by pixxtf or evi- 
dence ; additional testimony. 
Corroborative, (kor-rob'd-rat-iy) a. Giving addi- 
tional strength or proof : confirmatory. 
Corrode, (kor-rod') r. f. [L. con audmfcre.] To 

eat away or consume by degrees. 
Corrodible, (kor-rod'e-bQ a. Capable of being 

corroded or eaten away. 
Corrosion, (kor-ro'zhun) n. lL,corrono.] Action 

of eating or wearing away; — state of being 

fretted or worn away. 
Corrosive, (kor-rd'siv) a. Having the power of 

wearing or impairing ; — ^f^tting or vexing. 
Corrugate, (korr06-gat) v. t. [L. con and ruga.] 

To form into wrinkles or folds ; to puxie up. 
Corrugation, (kor-r06-g&'shun) n. A contraction 

into wrinkles. 
Comigator, (kor'ru4>-gut-(r) n. A muscle which 

knits the forehead into wrinkles. 
Corrupt, (kor-ruptO v. L [L. con and rum2>tr€.] 

To chaiige from a sound to a putrid state ; — to 

cliange irom good to bad ;~to pervert; to vitiate; 

to deprave ; — v. i. To become putrid or tainted; 

— to become vitiated ; to lose purity. 
Corrupt, (kor-rupf) ri. Clianged tvom a sound to 

a putrid state ; tainted ;— changed to a worse 

state; depraved; perverted. 
Corrupter, (kur-rupt'cr) n. One yho vitiates or 

Corruptibility, (kor-rapt-e-bire-te) n. Poasibility 

of being corrupted, vitiated, or bribed. 
CorruptiDle, (kor-rupt'e-bi) a. Capable of being 

Corruptible, (kor-mpVe-bl) tu That which may 

decay and perish ; the human body. 
Corrupiibleness, (kor-rupt'e-bl-nes) n. Suscep- 
tibility of corruption. 
CorruptiblT, (kor-rupt'e-ble) adv. Bo as to be 

corrupted, debased, or bribed 
Corruption, (kor-rup'shun) n. Act of corrupting, 

or state of being corrupt ; — putrid matter ;— 

jwrversion of moral principles; — bribery; — 

taint; defilement; impurity. 
CormptiTe, (kor-rupt'iv) a. Having the quality 

of corrupting. [ner. 

Corruptly, (kor-mptle) adt*. In a corrupt man- 
Oonage, (kor'aJ]j) n. [F.] The waist or bodice 

of a lady's dress. 
Corsair, (kor'sar) n. [T. tonairt.] A pirate ;>- 

a piratical veasel. 
Corse, (kon) n, A oorpM ; tha dead body of a 

human being. 



CorMlet, (koxslet) n. [F. con.} A kind of light 
Imeastplate worn by pike- 

Corset, (kot'aet) a. [F.cors.] 
An article of dress worn by 
women to support the 
figure ; stays ; bodice. 
Cortege, (koi't&di) it. (F., 
It. cortfggio.] A train of 

Cortieal, (kox'tik-al) a. [L. 
eorttx.} Belonging to or 
resembling bark or lind ; 

OoniMilBt, (ko-ms'kant) a. Glittering. 
Coruscate, (ko-roslcU) v. i (L. conucare,] 
glitter ;— to throw off vivid flashes of light. 
CoraaoatioB, (ko-rus-k&'shun) tk. A sudden flash 
of light ;— a flash of intellectual brilliancy. 
Corvette, (kor-vef) n. [F.] A ahip of war, kas 
than a frigate, used to carry advices. 
Corvine, (koi'vin)a. [L. comc4.] Pertaining to 
the crow or raven. 

Coiybant, (kor'e-bant)}!. [Q.koruba*.] A priest 
of Cybele ; — a fiantio or frenried person. 
Corymb, (koi'im) n. [Q. korumbot.] A species of 
inflorescence, reeembling clnsten.' 
Corypheua, (kor-e-fe'ns) tt. [Q. koruphaiott.) Tiie 
conductor of the dramatic chorus ; any chief ur 

Co-aeeant, (kd-ee1cant)n. [L. eompUmenti secaiut. ] 
The secant of the comple- 
ment of an arc or angle :->- 
in the flgure, AD, which is 
the secant of the arc CE, is 
the CO secant of the comple- 
ment of tlukt arc, or BE. 
Ooaey, (kd'se) o. finog ; com- 

Co-sine, (ko'sln) n. [L. com' 
pUwenti sinuaj The sine of 
the complement of an arc or 
angle: — in the flgure, BF, 
which is the sine of the arc CF, 
is the co-sine of £F, the com- 
plement of that arc. 
Cosmetic, (koz-met'ik) a. [O. 
koamitikog.] Improving the A 
beauty of the skin or comr 
plexion. Conine. 

Goametio, (koz-met'ik) n. Any external applica- 
tion to improve the complexion. 
Coamioal, (Koz'me-kal) a. [O. koimikot.} Per- 
taining to the world; expressing the oztler in 
creation ;— rising or setting with the son. 
Coamioally, (kos'mik-al-le) adv. With the sun at 
rising or setting. 

CoamofODy, (kox-mog'on-e} m. [0. X-otmos and 
gignaihai.] The origin and formatioo of the 

Cosmography, (kos-mog'ra-fe) n. (G. l-osmoe and 
graphein.] A description of the world : — the 
form or flgun <tf the world, and the dii^toaitMn 
of its parts ;— the repreaentatioii of sach, on a 

Ooanolocy, (koK-mol'o-Je) n, JG. iosmoe. the 
world, and logoit diBoourta] llie aoieaoa of the 
world;— a treatise cm the constituent parts of 
the world, their structure and occnbination, the 
laws of motion, and the general order and 
course of nature. 

Coemepolitan, (koK-mo-poIVtan) «. (O. la*iH&» 
and polit,} A dtiaen of the world. 





(koC'iiio-tft'uui) n. [O. kotmoi and 
«raA.] An oatiaJ exhiUtion of diawinga or 

minMny oftAe worJd. 
rwM ,(ka^aai)n. (G. iomM.] ThenniTene: 

—the i^icB of kw and order in citation. 
fn t Mtt , (kn'ak) «, Tlio name of a militaiy 

peopie, gfcSftU w boaeman, in the UkiaiDe. 
Ceft, (kait) ». Amoont paid, or enlaced to be 

pud, fitf^aaj tltinc bought ; chaige ; expense : — 

vm<4*Bf kind : enffenng 't—jtL ExpeuBes in- 

cund is liti^xion. 
CMt, (CMt) T.u {U con and glare.] To require 

to ie ^r«n er laid oat for; — to ret^ttira to be 

^iont ; to eaoM to be aoffered. 
GMtai, (kasfaO o. (U fo«la, ribi] Pertaining 

to tiw ri de of the bodjr or the ribs. 
roitiiiKBgii, ( koeCcr-mang-gsi' )n. An itiner- 
az^tieUerofftiiit. *& 

fcitife, (ko«^r) a, fLuCimaodtftiNirf.] Bound 
ia the bowds ; eonstipated. 
Caiimaea, (koe'tiT-iia) »). Obetrnotion in the 
bv»«h;— prolonged detention of fecal matter. 
CotfKii ei ^ (Lwtl^nea) ». Great ooet or expenae. 
Coidf. (koetle) a. Of great ooet; of a high 
pno; dear; exiMosiTe. 

(wtniiff , (Wtam) m. (U eonnietudo.] An estab- 
^^"bed mode, or etjrie, espeeiaUy of drau;~ 
(2i«i peeohar or appan^nate, aa to a nation, 
i^ct or c^MJcactBT 

Cat, (koC) n. (A.-k «ol^ loeL tot.) A imaU 
l«iQtt ; a hot ; a ahad or incioeure for beasUL 
Ce-tttgeat, (ko-tan'jeot) *i. [Lb eompUinenti 
'-"-^i**.] The tangent of the „ 
(^apiemeot of an are or augle, 
-la the figune, DL, which is 
^ taagent of the arc DB, ia 
^ a>*taiigent of BA, the 
."■Cipiement of that arc 

or Coten] 

«(7«<so-teai-po-ra'n^iu, . 

^nog or being at the aame ^ 

tj&d. Co>tangentk 

CaiBiifittuj, ^0-t«m'p5-ia-re) n. OnewboiiYea 
u tae «in» time with anotiur. 
Moae, (kd^te-r6) n, [F.l Aaet or circle of 
Ji^nraM ; a friendly groap ;— a select looiety. 
«i-ti^ (U-iid'al) a. K'o and <tda/.] Harking 

« utihatiag aa equalitj in the tides. 

C«3aa, (ko-tU>aD> si. [P. coftl/on.] A brisk 

4iafiegfeig^tpcnons; aqnadriUe. 
C«3.(ko()a. [] A little bod. 
Mttiga, (^fuy) n. [Ftom eot.] A small, neat 

<^««ituLghoQaaofaoestor3r. [inahntorcottage. 
^«aKVorOettar,(kot'tlO-er)i». OnewhoUTes 
CCoa. (kof a) n. [A. fofon. ) A soft substance, 

* icsibting fine wool:-~cloth made of cotton. 
^>co-plsat, (kof n-plant) n. A plant of several 

•>«i'«, growing in worm 

' -J-M*, and producing 

^ cftton at commeroe. 
CriiKi-vood, (kot'n-w66d) 
A vee of the poplar 


tntsnjr, (kot'n-e) a. 
Wvaed with hairs or 
V^***ca»oe, like cuttou; 

C*t?Mtta, (kot-e-lS'don) ». 
«i. i9<i./^dtf«.j Tbe seed- 
'^'^^ which iackiaes and 
'jt uruhes the embryo 

^♦id^ (koodi) v.t, [F.* Cotton-plant 


eoiicAcr.] To lay down on a bed or resting-plaoe; 
— to compose to rast; — ^to fix, as a spear; — ^to 
express; to phrase; — to remove a cataract; — r. i. 
To lie down, as on a bed; to repose;— to he down 
for concealment ; to hide ;— to bend tbe body. 

Oonoh, (kouch) n. A bed ; a place for rest and 
sleep ; — ^tbe lair of a beast ; — a la^er or stnitum. 

OeoQiiiuit, (kouch'ant) a. Ijiug down with the 
head raiiMMl— said of a 
lion or other beast. 

Oouoher, (koudi'cr) n. 
One who coaches a 
cataract. [F.j Bed- 

Cougar, (kOd'g&r) n. A 
camivotvus feline 
quadruped: — called 
also puma and pan- 

Cough, (koO M. [M. H. Gcr b&th^n.] A violent 
effort of the lungs, to thruw off irritating matter; 
a violent sonorous expiration. 

Oongh, (koO v. i. To throw off irritating matter 
from, the throat or lungs ;— r. t. To expel from 
the lungs by a oougb; to expectotate, as phlegm. 

Conld, (kood) imp, ot can. Was able, caiiaUe, 
or susceptible. 

Coulter, (kol'tcr) n. [L. cuUtr.] A plough- 
share: the cutting part of a plough. 

Oounail, (koon'sil) iu [L. couciliHm.] An as- 
sembly summoned for consultation or advice : 
—the body nominated to advise the sovereign 
in matters of government;— the representatives 
elected for the municipal government of a city; 
an assembly of prelates and docton, represent- 
ing the church; congress ; convocation. [oil. 

Couneillor, (konu'sil-{r) n. A member of a coun- 

Cottaaal* (koun'sel) n. [L. C07i*ulere.] Advice, 
opinion, or instruction; — consultation; inter- 
change of opinions ;— deliberate purpose ; do- 
sign ; scheme ;— one who gives advice, especially 
in legal matters ; advocate. 

Connael, (koun'sel) r. (. To advise, admonish, 
or instruct ; — ^to recommend. 

Connsellahle, (koun'sel-a-bl) a. Willing to receive 
ooonsel ; disposed to follow advice. 

Conaaellor, ( koun'sel-^r ) n. One who counsels ; 
— a membo' ct a council ;— one who gives advice 
in questions of law ; a barrister. 

Connt,(kount) v.t. [P., L. eomputare.] To num- 
ber ; to sum up or reckon ; — to place to account; 
to regard; — to ascribe or chai^ge to another ; to 
impute ; — v. i. To be counted ; hence, to swell 
the number ; to add strength or influence ; — to 
depend ; to rely. 

Count, (kount) n. Act of numbering : reckoning; 
—a statement of a plaintiff's case in court ; — 
a chuge in an indictment. 

Count, (kount) n. [F. couite.] One holding a 
title of foreign nobility equivalent to that of an 
English earl. 

Omntenanoe, (konn'ten-ons) n. \J^. contfuancf.) 
Outline or external visage ; look : a£\)cct :— the 
fisoe ; the features ;— apiJroving asijcct; favour ; 

Countenanoe, (koun'ten-ans) v. t. To give bodily 
presence and support ; to look un with appruviug 
eye ; to aid by word and deed. 

Counter, (kotmt'cr) ft. One who counts, or keeps 
an account ; — a piece of metal, w^ood, &c., used 
in reckoning; — a table on whicli money u 
counted, and on which goods are laid for exami- 
nation by purchasers. 




GooBtar, (koant'cr) «• Oontnry: opposite. 

Counter, (koant'er) adv. [F. cotitre, L. ecnircL] 
Contnury ; in an opposite direction, 

CouBtermet, (kotm-tsr-akt} v. t. To act in op- 
position ; to hinder or mistntte by oontrary 

Ck)imteractioii, (konn-tcr-ok'ahnn) n. Action in 
opposition : oontnuy agency; hindrance. 

Countet^attraotion, (Icoun-tcr-sat-trak'shnn) n. 
Opposite attraction ;— allurement of a different 

Counterbalanee, (koun-tcr-bal'ans) V. f . To oppose 
with equal weight ; to act against with equal 
power or effect. 

Countet^balance, (koon-t^-barans) n. Equal 
weight : power or agency acting in opposition. 

CounterHJharge, (kumi'tsr-chaij) iu An opposite 

Oounter-ehazm, (koun't^r-ch&rm) n. That which 
has the power of dueolving or opposing the 
effect of a charm. [to check. 

CouBtercheok, ( koun'- t^r • chekO v. 1. To oppose ; 

Counter-eheck, (koun'tcr-chek) n. Check; stop; 

Oonnter-emreBtt (konn'ter-kur-ent)n. A oorrent 
running in an opposite direction from that of 
the main current. 

Counterfeit, (koun'tcr-fit)r.f. fF. eontrffaire.] 
To put on a semblance of; — to copy without 
right, and with a riew to defraud ; to forge ; — 
v. i. To dlBMmble : to feigu. 

Counterfeit, (koun'tfr-flt) a. Havi/ig a resem- 
blanoe to;— fabricated in imitation of; — spurious. 

Counterfeit, (koun't§r-fit) n. An impostor ; one 
who personates another; — one who obtains 
goods on false pretences ; — a forged imitation, 
as of handwriting, bank-note, 4zo. 

Counterfeiter, (koiin'tsr^fitHsr) iu One who coun- 
terfeits : a foiger. 

Counter-initatioB, (kotin't{r-ir-rit-&'8hun) tt. 
Irritation excited in one part of the body with 
the view of relieving irritation in another. 

Countermand, (koun-tcr-moiid') r. t. [F. contrt- 
viandrr.] To revoke a former command; — to 
contradict the orders of another. 

Countennand, (koun't{r-mand) n. Revocation 
of a former command ; a conti-ary order. 

Counter-mareh, (koun'tcr-m&rch) 71. A marching 
back ; — a change of the wings or Dace of a bat- 

Counter-mark, (koun't^-m&rk) n. An additional 
mark on goods ;— the mark of the goldsmiths' 
company placet! over the mark of the maker. 

Counter-mme, ( koun't^r-min ) )» A galleiy 
under ground, constructed to meet and surprise 
the mines of the enemy ;— any scheme to frus- 
trate the designs of an opponent 

Countermine, (koun-t^r-min') v. i. To make a 
counter-mme or counter-plot. 

Counter-motion, (kouu'tsr-md-shun) n. An op- 
pofsing motion. [bed. 

Coimtexpane, (koun'ter-p3n) n. A coverlet for a 

Counterpart, (konn'tfr-purt) rt Tlie corre- 
sponding part ; tlio part that answers, or agrees 
with another ; — a duplicate ; a copy. 

Countexplot, (koun-tcr-plof) r. f . To oppose one 
plot by another; to meet stratagem by stratagem. 

Counterplot, (koun'tcr>plot) n. A plot or arti- 
fice opposed to anotlier. 

Counterpoint, (koun't^r-polnt) n. An opposite 
point ;— musical notation, exhibiting the illa- 
tions of the difflerent ports or notes: hence, com- 
position of harmonious modulations to a melody. 

Goontarpoiae, (konn-t^r-poiz^ r. (. To counter- 
balanoe ;->to act against with oqiial power or 

Conntarpoiaa, (koun'tcr-poiz) n. A weight suflB- 
cient to balance anoUier ;— ^nal ixmer or force 
acting in oppodUon. [slope. 

Conntaraearp, (koun'ter<akarp) n. The exterior 

Oounteraign, (koun-t^r-aln') v. t. To sign iu 
addition to the signature of a superior, to attest 
the authenticity of a writing. 

Cottnteraign, (koun't^r-ein) n. The signatare of a 
secretary or subordinate to a writing signed by 
the principal or superior, to attest its authenti- 
city ; a military watchword. 

Gounteraink, (konn'tcr-singk) n. A cavity for 
receiving the head of a screw or bolt;— a tool for 
forming such. 

Counter-tenor, (koun't^r-tan'or) m. One of the 
middle parts between the tenor and the treble. 

CooAtervkil, (koun-tcr-valO * t [OintnUr and 
Ll valeit ] To act against with equal Ibroe or 

Countervail, (koun'ter-v&l) n. Equal wdglit, 
strength, or value ; compensation. 

Countei-weigh, (koun-t^r-wa') v.t. To weigh 
against; to oounterbalanoe. 

Counterwork, (koun-t^r-wurkO r. L To work in 
opposition to ; to oounteivct. 

Counteaa, (kount'es) n. [F. comUtte.] The con- 
sort of an earl or count, 

Conntleaa, ( kount^es ) a. InnnmeiaUe ; num- 
berless ; multitudinous. 

Country, (kun'tre) vi. [F. contr^e,] A district 
in the vicinity of a dty ; — any large tt»ct of 
land ; territory ; kingdom ; — the land of one's 
birth or residonce. 

Country, (kun'tre) a. Pertaining to the terri tory 
outside or distant Arom a city ; rural ; matic 

Countryman, (kun'tre-man) n. An inhabitant or 
native of a country ; one bom in the aante 
country; — one who dwells in the ocnuiliy; a 

Countv, (konn'te) n. [F. camtd, L. etnnitettux} 
The lands of a Count or Earl ; a shire ; one of 
the large districts or territorial diviaioaa of tbo 

Couple, (kupl) n. [L. copula.] ' Two things of 
the same kind connected or taken tqgeUi«r: 
— a betrothed or married pair ; bnoa. 

Couple, (kup!) r. (. To link or connect together; 
to Join ; — to unite as male and female ; — v. t. 
To come togetlier as male and female : to 
embrace. [lines of verse which rhyme. 

Couplet, (knplet) n. [F.] Two veisea ; t«io 

Coupling, (kup^ng) n. Act of bringing together ; 
connection ; — tliat which 
couples or connects one 
thing with anotlier, as a 
hooU, chain, or other con- 

Coupon, (k(')u'pong) n. [F. 
eovper.] An interest cer- 
tificate attached to a trans- 
ferable bond. 

Courage, (kur'Hj) n, fF.] 
Braverv; fearlessness; 
valour; daring. 

Courageous, (kur-a'je-us) a. 
intrepid; odvonturoua 

Courageously, (kur-ii'Je-us-le) adv. Boldly : 

Courant, (k6ur-ant') n. [F. eoiirir.] A pieoe uf 
music in triple Lim^ ;— a lively kind of dastoe ;— > 
a uowsj)aper. 


Bold ; daring ;— 




(^MTntr) «. [P. eourir.] A 

Iter ttoA til bMie wxtli datpfttebM, uoally on 

(Abbe t wi m w; Ml «z]ireM. 

Coma, (Un) & (F. covrK.] A moring tat- 

wud^or ptwiii ftmn one point to another:— 

y"m*y»^yn»: career;— 4lie line of progroM; 

Twk: dmeiMe r-tlie grofuid tnTened ; path ; 

waj; Wofftttnam: groond on which a race 

Mraa ;— tfce aaoner <rf )nogi e » ; aeries ; auc- 

■"■■«» . ^itoB of leetnnng or teaching : — ^way 

of ii£i i madoflt :— a aerrioe of diabea at a meal ; 

-^ooatiand larel range ot atonea in bailding : 

-K Iheaeutraalfluz:— thekmeraailaofa 

(WM, (kSa) r. f. To ma, hnnt, or chaae alter : 
zv ^mt :— (o ran through or orer ;— ^. i. To 
ruu ia a nee, or in hanting. 
Cnaer, ( kfiis'^ ) », One who conzaee or hnnta; 
-» iTift « qarited bocae. 
Coott, (kwt) s. [A -a. eurf.] An incloaed apace; 
I rvd «r ana :— the reeidenoe of a aoTereign or 
^UicrtligiutaTT;— penona oompoaingthe retinoe 
uf » M>verdgii;— attention to a peraon in power; 
ci'&dsa d^Bgned to gain fliYoor :--a legal tri- 
tuai . the jadgaa ;— the hall where juatice ia 

Cmt (kort) r.t. To endearonr to gain the 

^Tfloref; tottrire to pleaae:— to aeek ; to woa 

Cnitaiwa, (Inirtrs.«a)a. [From eeuW.] Polite; 

veil-fatal; of ooarVUke or elegpurt mannera : ez- 

i^tci eoorteaj; gentlenianly. (manner. 

(korf e-os-le) adv. In a oonrteooa 

. (kari^na-nea) n. Quality of eovtaoaa ; dnlity ; obliging oondesoen- 

t^ : oooplaiaaaee. (proatitnte ; a harlot 

Wena, nraTre>2an) ». (F. eourti$ane.] A 

CwtBiT, ^nit^^^y n. Elegance and polite- 

m ixmaaam :—tak act of cirility or reapect ; 

"hrmi ot indolganoe ; a geature of reapect or 

('■•.Ltj by women— a alight inclination of the 

Cnzt«iy, (knif a») v. i. To bow the body alightly, 
*» M» exprenon of ciriiity or nqwct 

^"vtrWaac, (kdiilKiaa) n. A honae in which 
'9'Ubaihed eouxta are held. 

«wtier. (iLflirf e^) 1*. [Vrom eaxirt.] One who 
^>'t«9Dta the eoorta of |irincea; —one who coorta 

^fvtiiaeai, gEdrt1e-nea> n. Qnality of being 
••^bved : elesanoe ; dignified deportment. 
^*atiy, (kortle) a. Relating to a ooort; coort- 

U(»; high-bwA 

^*^*^'**>tial, (kort-m4r'ahaI) n. A ooart of 

■■ "^ w naval oOoeca, for the trial of offeuoea 

<^v« military or naval lawa. 
^plaatcr, (kurt'p]as-t(r) u. Sticking-plaater 
^s»U i/f dlk. ( — aot of wooing to marriage. 

Jt^ti^tCkfOrfahip) n. Act of aollciting fiirour: 
"^^tyirt, (kfitfyird) n, A court or indoanro 

•'/i^iiig to a honae. 

««!, (knx'n) *. fF. e&wsin.} One ooUatemlly 
J* -^M : the aoa or dangfater of an nneie or nnnt. 
'^(Wv)m. [A.-H.c0ra.] A emaU inlet, creek, 

' *ar ; the arohed part of a vault. 
J^ fW») ». t To arch over. 
'*'«Mat, (knv'en-ttnt) a. [F. erniremfnt.^ A 

* '"^ agTOe ni e ut in writing and under aeal :— 

* vTitisf ooDtaioing the terma of agreement ; — 


'^'^Mt (knv'en-ant) v. i. To enter into a 

^^<B^*graemeut : to bind by oontrnet : bargain; 

jT! • to gnnt or promise by coTenant. 

^''••rtar, (kuyeo-aatHp*) «. Qne 


a oorenant ; one who anbacribed the Soottiah 
National Covenant in the reign of Charles 1. 
Corer, (knv'jr) v. t. [L. eon and oprrirr. J To 
overspread the aur&ce or body of ;— to broiod or 
ait on: — ^to hide fkom eight;— to place under 
abetter; to protect;— to be solBcient for; to 
inclnde ;— to dresab 

Gerer, (kuVsr) n. Any thing which is aet or 
apread over another ; a lid ;— any thing wliich 
veila or conoeala; acreen; diagiiise ; — shelter, 
defence ;— woods, underbrush, ice. wliich con- 
ceal game; [F. eoucertc] Table mruiture for 

Oorexing, (knv'^'r-ing) n. Any thing laid over 
another, whether for security or concealment. 
Coverlet, (kuv'cr-Iet) n. [F. coiicrir and /if.] 
The uppermoat cover of a bed ; quilt. 
Oorert, (kuv'crt) a. [F.J Covered oyer;— 
aheltered ; couoealed ; — ^under i)rotection, aa a 
married woman. 

Covert, (kuVcrt) n. A place which covera and 
protecta; a litelter ; a dbfeuce ; a hiding place ; 
a thicket. [private. 

Oorertly, (kuT 'trt-le) adtr. Secretly; closely; in 
Corertnra, (kuv'^rt-ur) n. Condition of a woman 
under the protection of her husband. 
Covet, (kuv'et) r. f. [F. conroittr.] To wish for 
with eagemeaa; — to wish for inordinately or un- 
lawfully; hanker after; lust after. 
Covetable, (kuVet-a-bl) a. Capable or worthy of 
being desired. 

Coretoua, (kuv'et-us) o. Very desirous ;— inor- 
dinately deairoua ; avaricioua for gain. 
Covetoaaly, (knv'et-ua-le) adc. With a strong or 

inordinate desire to poaseas ; avaricioiwly. 
Covetouaneaa, (kuv'et-ua-nea) n. Strong or inor- 
dinate deaire of obtidning some supposed good, 

especially richea ; avarice; greed. 
Covey, (kuv'e) 7». [F.couier.] An old bird with 

her brood ; a amall flock of birda. 
Cow, (kow)n. [A -8. eft, IceL liL.] The female 

of the bovine genus of animals. 
Cow, (kow) r. (. [IceL L-vt/a,] To depress with 

fear ; to sink the spirits : to intimidate. 
Coward, (kow'erd) n. [F. couanl.] One who 

lacks courage to meet danger; poltroon; dastard, 
(toward (kow'{rd) a. Destitute of courage: 

timid ; base. 
Cowardioe, (kovr'crd-is) n. Want of couaage to 

face danger ; timidity: pnsillantmity. 
Cowardlineaa, (kow'trd-le-uea) tt, \S ant of cour- 
age; cowardice. 
Cowardly, (koVtrd-le) a. Wanting courage ; — 

proceeding from f«»ar of danger ; dastardly ; 

mean ; base. [coward. 

Cowardly, (kow'frd-le) adv. In the manner of a 
Cower, (kow'cr) r. i. [W. etrrion.] To sink by 

bending the knees : to crouch through fear. 
Cowhera, (kow'hrrd) «. Quo who tends cows. 
Cowhide, (kowliid) n. Leather made of the hide 

of a cow; — a scourge or whip. 
Cowhide, (kowTiid) r. t. To beat or whip with a 

Cowl, (kowl) ». [A. -a evhle,] A monk's hood 

or habit :— a cap for the top of chimneys. 
Cowled, (kowld) a. Wearinj; a cowl ; hooded 
Cow-leeoh, (kow'lech) 7i. One who professes to 

heal the diseases of cows. 
Cow-pox, (kow'poks) II. A pustular eruption of 

the cow, which preserves from small pox. 
Cowalip, (kow'sljp) n. A speciea of primrose 

which appears early in the spring. 
Coxoomb, (kokalcdm) )i. [CocL'» comb.] A fool'a 




cap;— a superficial pretender to knowledge or 

Oozoonuny, (kokslioni-re) n. The mannexsofa 
coxcomb; foppuhneas. 

Coy, (koy) a. [R coy.^ Reser^'ed ; shy ;— shrink- 
ing £rum £ajniiiarity; modest. 

Ooyiah, (ko/ish) a. Bomewliat coy or reserved. 

Coyly, (ko/le) adv. With reserve ; shyly. 

Coyneis, (ko/nes) n. Reserve; shyness; back- 
wardness ; appearance or affectation of modesty. 

Ooaea, (kaz'n) v. t. [Oer. koienJ\ To cheat ; to 
defraud ; to beguile : to deceive. 

Oosenage, (kuz'n-20)n* The art or practice of 
cheating: artifice; trick; fraud. 

Oozily, (koz'e-le) adv. Snugly ; comfortably. 

Cosy, (k6z'e) a. [F. cauttr.l snug ; comfortable ; 
easy : — also Cosey. 

Crab, (kiab) n. [A.-S. 
animal having the 
body covered with a 
crust-like shell called 
the carapax. It has 
ten legs, tlie front pair 
of whidi terminate in 
chiws. [W.) A wild 
apple, :— a crane. 

Orabbed, (kraVed) a. 

eraJbba.l A crustaceous 



[From crab.^ Harsh ; contracted, as handwrit- 
ing ; sour ; testy : cross ; cynical. 
Orabbedly, f kxab'ed-le) adc. In a crabbed manner. 
Oraok, (ki-aic) v. t. [¥. emc] To break without 

entire sepai-ation of parts ; to fissure ; — to dia- 

order, as the brain ; — ^to sound abruptly and 

sharply ; — to utter smartly ; — v. i. To be ftuc- 

tured without separating ; to be ruined or im- 
paired ; — to utter a sliarp sudden sound. 
(Sraek, (krak) 7t. A chink or fissure; — a sharp 

noise ; — craEiness of intellect ; Insanitv. 
Cracker, (kitUc'er) n. One who or tliat which 

cracks;— A small firework; — p, kind of Imrd 

Crackle, (krakl) V. t. [Diminutive of cracJL.] To 

make small, abrupt, snapping noises. 
Cracknel, (krak'nel) n. A liard brittle biscuit. 
Cradle, (krii'dl) m. [A.-S. ctoaUI, W. cz-yt/.] A 

swinging or rocking bed for infants ; infiincy ; — 

a framework to support a vessel on the stocks ; 

—41 case for a broken bone. 
Cradle, (kra'dl) v. t. To lay in a cradle; to rock 

in a cradle ; — to nurse in iufsmcy ; — v. i. To lie 

in a cradle. 
Craft, (kraft) ji. [A.-S. rw/lt.] Art; ability; 

dexterity;— a trade ;— artifice ; guile ;— sailing 

vessels of any kind. 

Craftily, (kraft'e-le) <ulv. With craft or guile. 
Craftiness, (kraft'e-nrai) iu Cunning; artifice; 

stratagem; wUiness. 
Craftsman, (krafts'man) n. One skilled iu a 

manual occupation ; an artificer ; a mechania 
Crafty, (kraft'e) a. Cunning; frill of plots or 

wiles; artAU; subtle; shrewd. 
Crag, (krag) n. [W. a-aig.] A steep, rugged 

rock : — a bed of gravel mixed with shells ; — the 

Craggod, (krag'cd) a. Full of crags or broken 

Craggy, (krag'e) a. Full of crags; abotinding 

with broken rocka. 
Crake, (kriik) n. [IceL IrAlo, crow.] A species 

of rail found among grass, corn, broom, or frirze. 
Cram, (kram) v.t. [A.-S. aximiuianJ\ To stuff 

in ; to crowd ; to fill to superfluity ;— v. i. To 

eat greedily or beyond satiety. 



Cramp, (kramp) n. [D. ft Sw. lixtmp, Dan. 

kranipe.\ A restriction or restraint ;— an irun 

instrument serving to hold together tinaber, 

stones, &C. ;— a sixuunodio (X>ntrauti0n of mus- 
cles of the body. 

Cramp, (kramp) e. t. To hold tightly pressed, to- 
gether ; to restrain ; — to afliict with cramp. 
Cranberiy, (kran'bsr-e) n. A red, sour berry, 

much used for preserves. 
Crane, (kron) n. [A.-S. craA.'\ A wading bird, 

having a long straight bill, 

and long legs and neck : — 

a machhie for raising, low- 
ering, and moving neavy 

weights ; — a siphon, or 

bent pipe, ibr drawing 

liquors out of a cask. 
Cnuie, (kran) v. t. To raise 

by a crane ; — to stretch 
' the neck, and look forward 

before taking a leap In 

the hunting field. 
Cranial, (kra'ne-al) a, Be- 

lon^png to the cranium. 
Craniol^at, (kra-ne-oro- 

Jist) n. One vei'sed in the science of craololitgy : 

a phrenologist. 
Cnmiology, <kril-ne-oro-Je) n. [G. lranitM.\ 

The science of the sktul, and its relation to 

the fiujulties of the mind ;— a treatise ou the 

Craninm, (kra'neum) n. [L.] The aknll of an 

animal; the bones which inclose the braiu. 
Crank, (kranxk) ti. [Ger. kri^U:.^ A bend 

turn;— the bent por- 
tion of an axis, used 

to produce circular 

motion, to cliange a 

horizontal into a ver- 
tical motion, ftc. 
Crank, (krangk) cr. [D. 

& Ger. kraiJc] Liable 

to careen or be over- Cnnk. 

set, as a ship;— full of spirit; brisk; lively. 
Crankle, (krangkl) v.(L To break into bends 

or angles ; to crinkle. 
Crankle, (krangkl) n. A bend or turn. 
Crannied, (kran'id) a. Full of crauniaa; having; 

rents, chinks, or fissures. 
Crann^, (kran'e) n. [F. cran.] AflsauxOy crericwj 

or chink; — a secret place ; a hole. 
Crape, (krap) n, [¥. cHpt.^ A thin, tanansiMir^ 

ent staff, made of raw silk gummed and tvhn»u»i4 

used for mouming garments. 
Crapolenoe, (krap'fi-lens) n. Sicknev oocaaione^ 

by intemperance. 
Crash, (krash) v. f. [Ga lrimtan.'\ To break t4| 

pieces violently ,"— v. t. To make a loud, trLat! 

tering sound. 
Crash, (krash) n. The loud, mingled aoxixnl k-\ 

many things fidling and breaking at once. 
Craaia, (krifsis) }). [O. kratU,] Tlie heidtXij 

constitution of the blood in an animal bodv. 
Crass, (kras) a. Thick ; gross ; dense : — dulL 
Craasament, (kras'arment)*!, [L. cvtuttwauHtf * «.j 

The thick part of the blood ; a dot. 
Craaaitude, (kras'e-tQd) It. [h. crtuntudo.l Gcxja^ 

ness; ooaiveness: thickness. 
Crate, (krat) iu [L. atittA.] A hamper of ^wic^et 

work for the transportatiou of crockery^ g^A^H 

and similar ware. 
Crater, (krat'cr) M. [L., Q. Irater.} Tbe 

tuTe or u^otttU of a volcano. 




CruBch, <kx»B8h) r. L 
[b. tekrohMn.] To 
cnttb with the teeth : 
w chev aoiotj: to 

Cr««t, (bs-vat^ ». 
[F.cntf^u.] AiMck- 

rA^'<«.j IoMt;with 
e-ntoSfieH, sabiais- 
vtA, «r famifitj ;^ — to 
l>^£tf;— to xeqaize 


Ccma.^BiT's) ». One ^ho, being vanquished, 
.^ monrf kb life of hi« aittagoimt; a epirit- 
^ fidlov; oomard-: daataid. 
Cnvffl,(kxsyn)a. Cowardly ; spiritJeas. 
Cnv, (cimw) a. [D. tratfy.} TiiD crup cr lint 

Cr%v-£<h or Gray-flil!, (kmw'flab) n. [F. ^<rre- 
•«^.] A cnutaoeoas Miinial, rebembUug the 

Cawl (losvl) r. i. [D. iraW^/M.] To creep, as 
2 «4^ii&; or on th« hazub and knees, aa a hnman 
^^£^ :— to moTe in a alow manner. 

Cavl, (knvl) n. Tbe act or motion of crawl- 
'!^;:— a staked net for catching fish. 

C^zvier, (krawl'tr) at. One who ur tli&t wluxdi 
fnvJs;~acxeeper; •reptile. 

C^Tca, (loion) a. [L. c«'<t<i, chalk.] A piece of 
• Juk cr lead in the form of a cylinder, usixl in 
'^axixtg;—^ dxawins made with cniyuu. 

Cayca, (kri'oD) r. C. To aketch, aa with a 

taae, (laSi) r. t. [loeL iTousa.] To cnuh ;— 

'« .Lipair; — ^todo&Dge ; to render insauo. 
Crue t-r QnxiaeM, (kr^) «i. btate ut cniziuess; 

' \.&itT ;— * stcoug habitual desire or pasoion ; 

: ^>'.tdhaxkm. [manner, 

^'^y. (krizVIe) cde. In a crazy, deranged 
Cnzy, (krli'e) a. (From ci-oz^.] Characterized 

'^ VAkneai; <ify pv|Mt ;— <lyra-nggdi 

C!«ak, (kraE) r. I. [A modification of rreicl-.] To 

:-u<3 a hareb, grating sound, as by the friction 

"* xsid sofaataLcea ; — v. L To prodaoe a crcak- 

i^ wqmL [sound. 

Cn^ cr Crcakisif, (krek) tu A aharp, grating 

Craai, (krem) m. [JL c/tMor.] The unctuous 

'''^.aoce whidh forms a scum on the suiiifice 

' ixik ;— tha best |Mrt of m thing. 
Cnaa, (krtei) r. e. To tako off by skimming, 
;• cnam ;— to take off the best part of ; — v. i. 
^. > (•.-caoa cohered witli cream ; to irutk or 

Cftssy, (kran'tf) a. Follof cream ;— resembling 

"'^cd: awrtQuna. 
Cf«M, Quit) ft. [H. CSer. krauftf.] A lino or 

r^k. saade by folding or doubling ; a hollow 

"*^s*i; a groove. 
Cnue, (kxfia) v. L To make a czeaae or mark in, 

•^ '7 Mding or doaUing. 
^'=Me, (ki«-&tO T. t. [L. <rear< ] To form or 

■ ~ue ;— to form ont of nothing : to give exist- 

*'*f to;— to eooatitote; — ^to be the occasion of ; 

' irudaos;— to give a new form, character, or 

i.'Jr ; — to reomsstruet. 
CTtatMB, (kif-a^ahnn) n. Act of creating ; espe- 

«>-il7 s«t of bringing tlia world into existence ; 

-'K xQcde of creating; constitution; — any 

"' &g eieated : the world; creaturea :— &bric: 

^* f s ; invcatMO. 

Creative, (kr<l-&fiv) a. Having the power to 
create; productive. 

Creator, (kre-at>r) tu One who creates; irjirct- 
jicaUy, tlie Sui^reme Being. 

(Aeatore, (kre'tur)?). [L. civaeiovr.] Any tlung 
created; any being created with life; au animal; 
a man ; — a servile depenildut. 

Credence, (kre'dens) ». [L. cretUntlaA The act 
of believing ; — confideneo ; 1)elief ; — that which 
gives a claim to credit or aoocptatiou. 

Credential, (kro-dcn'slio-ol) «. Giving a title to 
crodit or beliejl 

Credential, (kru-den'she-al) iu That which gives 
credit or a title to confidtince; — pi. Teatiiuo- 
niuls that a person is entitled to crodit, or has a 
commission from a stato or court, ^ 

Credibility or Credibleness, (kred-e-bire-to) ii. 
The quality or the state of being credible. 

Credible, (kred'e-bl) a. [L. ci'tdiUdit.] Capable 
of being believed ; probable. 

Credit, (kred'it) fi. [L. creditwrnJ) Reliance on 
the truth of Bouietliing said or done ; belief ; — 
authority derivoil from character or reputation; 
•—trust given or received; — mcicantilo reputa- 
tion; — the side of an account on which ore en- 
tered all values received. 

Credit, (kred'it) v. t. To confide in the truth of; 
to believe ; — ^to enter upon the crtMlit side of an 
account ; — to set to the credit of. | 

Creditable, (kred'it-a-bl) a. Doeerving or pos- > 
seasing reputation or esteem. [crudit. ; 

Oreditidily. (kred'it-a-ble) tidr. Reputably; with 

Creditor, (kred'it-tr) n. One who gives credit in 
business ; one to wiiom money is due. 

Credulity, (kre-du'le-tc) n. A disposition to be- 
lieve on slight evidence ; — liability to deception. 

Credulous, (kred'u-lus) a. [L. creduluii.} Apt 
to believe on insufficient evidence ; easily im- 
posed u^mn. 

Credulously, (krad'u-Ius-lo) adv. With credulity. 

Credulouaness, (knxl'u-lus-ncB) n. Readiness to 
believe without sufllciout evidence. 

Creed, (kred) n. [L. crtdo^ I believe.] A brief 
summary of the articles of the Christian re- 
ligion ;— any solemn profesaiou of opinions or 

Creek, (kK'k) n. [A.-S. crecea.] A small inlet or 
cove in the shore of the soa or a river. 

Creel, (krCl) n. (Scot.) An osier basket. 

Creep, (kiC-p) r. t. [A-S. creopan.] To move na 
a worm or reptile ; to crawl ; — to move slowly or 
in a stealthy manner. 

(Sreeper, (krep'er) n. Any crecphig thing; — n 
creeping plant; — a small binl, aliiod to the 
wren ; — pi. An instrument with iron hooks 
for drugging a harbour, river, &c. 

(Tremona, (krfi-mo'na) n. A superior kind of 
violin, made at Cremonay in Italy. 

(^renated, (kre'n&t-ed) a. (L. craia, notch.] 
Having the edge cut or notched. 

Creole, (kreol) «. (Sp. criotlo.] One bom in 
tropical America, or tho adjacent islands, of 
Euroi)eau ancestors. 

CrttOMte, (kiC-'o-Bot) n. [G. hras and ttozein.) 
An antiseptic oily liquid, obtoinod from tho 
distillation of wood. [crackle ; to snap. 

Crepitate, (krep'it-at) r. t. [L. cnjAtare.] To 

Crepitation, (kreiMt-ii'shuu) n. The act of snap- 
ping or crackling. 

Crepuacolar, (kre-pns1ctil-f r) a. Pertaining to 
twilight; glimmering; imijerfoctly clear. 

(3rea<Mndo, (kre-shen'dd) n. A gradual increase 
in strength and fulness of tone. 

tlw oev moon, burr 
^4ha Tmkuh powi 

CMu,(krai)iL [A-f 
•pacit* uad H ft bI 

Onuat, (kiH'et) ». \ 
tiled with combii 
tarial, pUoed on 
lilbUWBH, IML, or < 

(&rti (ki»t) n. [A 

^a Ti\rkub ■toQiljm] ; 

^] A punt of Tuiooa 



on m balinet :— tbc Uip u( ii:a 
wai> ^-the iiiiumit. B 

(bHt, tkmti r. I. To fnn.uli 1 

Ccut-fallaD, (knM'&wl -n) a. Vf\ 
' it: diflplnt«J; daintfid; cowaL 
(k«-Ll'd.B-iu.)n. 11. c« 

Orib, (krlb)>i. [A.-8. ^7*6.] The 1 
■ itoll foe atlle ^— 11 Hiiall ioQliMci bi 

null dnaUing. 
Orii, (krib) n (. Toil.iitiimnMro*!: 

— ta pllfti or pniloiu. 
Olibtac*. (kiilAO) N. [Crib.] A gimi 
(MbU*. (kril/1) H. (L. <ii'bi-«m. ] Ac 

(MhUa, (falM) %. I. To Biiuo to pua 

ftActlou of tiw neck 4 
Oiiiiket, (krik'et) n. 
Kiln, to otilnvl An^ 

SBDIU Ut7lliu, 
t4riud b/ " " 

Jut, chaiac- -J^ -^^^ 

. ohiiyiug .^3^ 
■et)u.[A.-S. <y •' 

(Ms, (kn'cr) >h C 
Qriiu, (k rim) n. | 

OriiLuuti (luini'in'&]) 
erime ; culpable ; nickim. 
Orimliuj. (kiim'in-iU) n. A penon wh 

Ckiainili^, (kriTD-iDel'e-w) ^ [Lc, 
QmliV ociUts of being cnmlnil: gi 

Ortmlullj, (krini'lu>ftl'lv) lulc. la li 
law; iriakedlj'. 

OoiJtj ; — nlotiog to 

□rilBp, (krlinp) a. 
Orimp^ (knnii>) i', f , 

DruireT (tcriuj) t^r, 
—c.i. Todrawo 

'l;rin^m™.l To fcrm 

H. [A i/miitx.'] A deep- 
Lth blue ; nd In gen«tiiL 
Of a deap-nd colour. 

t' To heooiM red? to Wu-" 

Oriniti, (lirlti'il) n. [L 
BppeuUHig of ■ tuft of h 
OliBkle,{krlugkl)r,(. (1 

OriaDUae, (krln'{>-lln)v, [F. . 
eipandiug a bdjr^t akirt t^ 

Ori^, (ktiVl) I- [A-S. m. 

laoie pcnori; one duabLed In 
CTl|inla.(krlpl)r.f, To dopri 

lluiba ;— to dejaWe of ttreug 

Oiftl Hn.lng tbo 
itiff.] Toform iti<h ' 

Oiiip, (krWp) n. | 
Chip, (kriip) r. t 

Critnin, (kri-U> 

)U(J Formadintutt 

cnrl, !■ the hiir; 
-to wrinkle :— r, >, ■ 
ilntlone on ttia lur^i 

n«I into ringleta : fr 
break thort ; farittJe; 

- - I0.iri-<^1.] An. 

ire, f*cl or prindpla, by ojl 

Oiiti«], (kril'ik-ai) <; belonpm 

Dice; ofdcublful im 
Otltlaall*, (kril'ik-nl-: 
CriticiH, (krit'e-iLZ) 1 

Critieinn, (krit'e-Ai 

Jadglng: itiaoaraing :— 
t : cHitiDm ;— niBUng !> 

poto llteiTkrj omrtiHtiajDdgintiti 
or principle* on which Utenr? or ajtiHtlc ju 

Oritiqw, (krs-lek') N. [¥. eriliirur,] Tfaairtof' 

Draak. (krAk) v.i. [AS. mwiaal T( 
■ low.hcaiw nolH in the tbr«t, u a I 


IM, (kri'iU) 1 

l4 by ft uuftU 

(kri'iU) «. IF.] 

L kind of ofltUiig 

Euthanwan ; thhU 
tonaai at tiMj, bIuhI and hak*tl ; pocUiy. 

botk. (knii) ■>. (OHLcrsff.l 
CriikMy. (knA'tr-' " ""^ 

!■ inhUkiU tlM luis r 
A*iA, ud Uyv Hm m 

1. (ktdiifoi) 1 

■tfrni^tft^ud; aevioiu; i>e 
I flinliiil (knUk'ait-iia) > 

qiuUjt; at b«uf bent ; curf i^; dBfbmiitj. 
OnM, (kzMD) n. A Igw, oontiiiiud mnui ; i 
' piBiB, arUaH tDflinl;, 
' Inp, (krDfi) iL [A.-8. rnip,) Tha fint •tonucl 

(Uhaad ; frail ; hamA 
bgp. (knip) •. (. In cnl off Uia audi of: t 

biBck :^-tD mp tha produca of a OaM ; — r. 1 

» appea' abDTfl UtB lur^oa, aa a aaam. 
I Cnpftac, (kiDp'iag} n. Tfasact DtcntUngoff;' 

Iba niiin^otero^ IwlthballiaDilmallati 
I Onfaat,(kr&-luO'i- A guns placid d 

dutb of Chtitt; the Chr 
ChriataudDrp ; — asv thing ■ 
tr»a oaa'a patleaog; afflirtta 

•bmT (kmalHl) H. 

In Dppcaita cU' jm 
1, and sm each ^ 

(kmaTiS) 1. i 

ohai^B arrowi, form- ; 

ad by placing a bow v 

croamad on a itock. * 
Orau-hrMd, piTKa'biU) 

□aticni, (krcar'egE-ain-in-il'i 

Jnrty, by thfl oppo 
(ftoaalat. IkroTlst) i 
Onaalj. (kroa'tD) lu 

(krni'iiaj ■. FeeildiDHa ; fretfol- 

(kna'pur-pai) ii. A ooanUr or 

Onaa-lnaa, (kroa'CrSi) n. pi. Pieoaa of timber at 
tha Dppar auda of tha lowar maala and topmoata 

Oraaa-waj or Oraaa-roadt (kroa'wii) tk A waj that 

Oroia-wliid, (krea'wlDd) h. An nnfiivonniUa 

Oroaawiaa, (kroa'wii) orfi, la tha fonn of a 

Omtohat, (kroch'et) k. (F. crocAd.] A torkti 

aqoai In duratioa to half ^ 
a minim;— a bracket;— - 
a porrene taacy : a eapri- 
doDfl oylnlnti ; a vtum. 
Creteha^, (krocb'at-s) a. Qi 

OntsD4il, (krt'ton-ol!) n. 

Cniuh, (liroiuli)'!. >. [Fnm tract.} Tu bend 
down ; to vtoop or ha low ; — to band ■arrilvLy : 

Om.f, Ctoi/ip) n. lOa livpian.) An inBam- 
matc^ aA'oction of tha larynx aooompoiiliHl 
bi t, hoana ringing cou^ and diOcull reiiiira- 

Oi^itr, (kiM'p")". [F. [nwjw.l Ona nha 




Onlmiaate, (Iml'inin-it) v. t. [L. eulmen.) _To 
veaoh ihu hxfj^xeat altitude. 

Oolminatioxi, (kal-mm-a'Bhan) n. Attainmentof 
the highest pioint of altitude; passage across the 
meridian;— > arrival at the highest pitch of 
gloiy, power, and the like ; top or crown. 

Gnlpabiu^, (kulp-a-bil'e-te) tu Quality or con- 
dition of being culpable; blameworthiness; 

Oulpahle, (kulp'a-bl) a. [L. eulpart.] Deserriog 
censure ; worthy of blame. 

Oolpably, (kulp'a-ble) adv. In a culpable 
manner; blamably. 

Culprit, (ktU'prit) n. [O. Eng. culpit] One 
accused of a crime, as before a judge ; — one 
convicted of crime ; a criminal. 

Cultivable, (kul'te-va-bl) a. Capable of being 
cultivated or tilled. 

Cultivate, (kul'te-v2t)v.t. [L. colere.] To till; 
to improve land by drainage or manure; to 
fertilize ;— to foster a particular growth;— to 
improve by care and study ; to train in a spe- 
cial direction or for aspeoiol end; to refine ; to 

Cultivation, (kul-te-va'shun) n. Art of tilling 
land and producing crops ; husbandry ; — im- 
proving by labour, 'training, Ac; fostering 
care ;— the state of being cultivated ; mental or 
moral imtnovement ; refinement, &c. 

Culture, (kul'tnr) n. [L. euUura.] Tillagf; 
means of making land productive ;— process of 
efiecting mental or moiid growth: instruction ; 
training: — ^the result of such ; refinement, Ac. 

Culture, (kul'tur) v. t. To cultivate. 

Culver, (kul'vcr) n. [Sax. eulfer.] A wood- 

Culveritt, (kul'vgr-in) ». [L. eolubrintu.} Apiece 
of ordnance ornamented with caatings of snf^es. 

Culvert, (kul'vert) n. [F. convert] An arched 
drain for the xMMssage of water under a rood or 
canal, &a 

Cumber, (kura'bcr) r. t [P. eneombrer.] To 
hang or rest on as a weight ; to burden ; en- 
cumber; iierplez; embarrass. 

Oomberadme, (kum'bcr-Bum) a. Burdensome or 
hindering, as a weight or orag ; — ^unwieldy. 

Cumbranoe, (kum'brons) u. Encumbrance. 

Cumbrous, (kum^brus) a. Bulky: unwieldy; 
oppressive; embarrassing; troublesome. 

Ciunbroualy, (kum'brus-le) adv. In a cumbrous 

Cumin, (kum'in) n. [G. Iruminorul A dwarf 
umbolliferous iilant, cultivated for its aromatic 

Cumulate, (kum'ii-Ut) v. L [L. cumuiuSf a heap.] 
To heap together : to amass. 

Cumidation, (kum-u-U'shun) n. The act of heap- 
ing together ; a heap. 

Cumulative, (kCim'a-lat-iv) a. Formed in a mass; 
— augmenting : gaining or giving foice by sue- 
cenive additions, as evidence or proof. 

Cnneal or Ouneated, (ku'ne-ai) a. [U cunev$.] 
Having the form or shape of a wedge; cuneiform. 

Cuneifonn, (ka'ne-form) a. Pertaining to the 
wodge-shaped characters found in ancient Per- 
sian and Assyrian inscriptions. 

Cunning, (kun'ing) a. [A. -8. eunnan,'] Well- 
instructed ; knowing : — wrought with skill or 
craft; ingenious: — artlVil; wily; shrewd. 

Cunning, (kun'ing) n. The faculty or act of using 
stratagem to aooompUsh a purpose ; deceit ; art; 
craft: artifice. [manner; artruUy. 

Cvnaiaglyt (kun'ing-le) adv. In a cunning 

Cnp, (kup) n. [A.-S. cttpp.] A small vessdl used 

to drink out of; — ^the contents of such a renel ; 

—portion; lot.*— « cupping-glaa I'—jpl. Repeated 

potations; revelry. 
Cup, (kup) V. t To supply with cups ;— to bleed 

by means of scaiification and a cupping-glass. 
Cup-bearer, (kupHbiir-fr) n. An attendant at a 

feast who conveys wine or other liquors to thie 

guests : an officer of the king's household. 
Cupboard, (kub'burd) n. A small closet with. 

shelves for cups, plates, &c 
Cupel, (ku'pel) n. [L. cuptlla.] A small cnp or 

vessel used in refining precious metals. 
Cupd, (ku'pel) v.t. To separate by means of a 

cu^ ; to reihie, as the precious metals. 
Cupid, (ku'pid) n. In mythology the god of love 
Cupidity, (kfi-pid'e-te) n. [L. aipen.] Eager 

desire to possess, especially wealth; covetous- 

OupoU, (ku'po-la) n. [It] A spherical vault on 

the top of an edifice ; a 

dome ; — the round top of a 

Aimace, or the fiimace 

Cupping, (Irap^ing) «. 

Operation of drawing 

blood with a cupping-glass. 
Cuppisg^glaas, (kuplug- 

glas) n. A glass veswl like 

a cup, applied to the skin 

to draw blood by exhaust- 
ing the air in the glass. 
Cur, (kur) n. [Oer. koter.] Cuxwla. 

A worthless or mongrel dog; — a worthless, 

snarling fellow. [remedied. 

Curable, (kur'a-bl) a. Capable of bdng healed or 
Cunu7, (ku'ra-se) n. The office or employment 

of a curate. 
Curate, (ku'r!lt)n. [L. ctiratits.] One who baa 

the cure of souls; an assirtant to the roctor or 

Curative, (kfi'rat-iv) a. Relating to the euro of 

diseases ; tending to cure disease. 
Curator, (kii-raVcr) n. IL.ritni.] A superintend- 
ent of a musexim ; — a trustee ; a euaxdiaii. 
Curb, (kurb) n. A check or hindrance ; — a 

chain or strap attached to the bit of a bridl« ; — 

a wall designed to buttress a mass of ^arth. 
Curb, (kurb) f. t. [F. eourber.] To restiain : to 

confine ;— to furnish with a curb, as a wall ; to 

restrain by a curb. 
Curd, (kurd) n. [Scot cmd.} The coagulated or 

thickened part of milk, eaten as food. 
Curdle, fkurdl) r. t. [From curd.] To be 

agulated ;— to be congealed ; — v. t. To 

into cUrd ; — to oongeaL 
Curdy, (kuxd'e) a. Like curd ; toll of curd. 
Cure, (kur) n. [L. c«ra.] Act of healing ; — that 

which hoeds : remedy ; — restoration of health ; 

charge of souls ; spiritual charge. 
Cure, (kur) v. t. To heal ; to restore to healtli : — - 

to remedy ;— to preserve by drying, salting, &c. 
Cureless, (kfir^les) a. Incapable of cure. 
Curfew, (kur'fu) ». [F. cowre-frtu] The zinging 

of a bell at nightfiUl, or eight o'clock. 
Cbriosity, (ku-re-os'e-te) n. Exactness or accur- 
acy, as of mind ;— disposition to enquire and 

search; inquisftiveness;— a rarity; a novelty, A:c. 
Curious, (ku're-us) a. [h.-euriom*.] Bolidtotta ; 

scrupulous ;— desirous to see the novel and dis- 
cover the unknown; inquisitive ; prying-; — nice; 

fisstidious ;— wrought with skill and art; rare; 

fanciful ; singular. 






CinMai]y« (kQ'i»-iu>le) adv. Inaourioiuxnanner. 

Coil, (kurl) r. t. [IcoL krulla,] To form into 

xia^ieU; — to twist into ooil« ; — to niae in 

«»T«s or UTsdnlations ;— f . t. To bend in ting- 

kte;— to moTo in cnrrw, Bpinlfl, or undnlationfl. 
CNnl, (knrl) «. A ringlet of hair ;— «n nndolat- 
or earring tine in any snbstanoe. 
r, (knrlfi) n, [F. cwlieu.] An aqnatic, 

wading laid, with a long 

hill: xtaooloariediTersified 

with aah and black. Its 

ct7 is well expreieed in the 

Oarlv, (Inirle) a. HaTing 

ciuu ; tending to carL 
Carmadgton^ (knr-m^J'an) 

li. [O. Eng. eommttf/^'M.] 

An arariciociaf churlish fellow ; a miser ; a nig> 

Cnnuit, (kni'ant) w. [From Corinth.] A small 

dried grape, iktni the Lerant; — the fruit of a 

weU-known shrub of the genus Ribes. 
(^ZTcnej, (knr'en-se) n. State of being current ; 

circulation:— current ralue; general estimation; 
(kur'eut) a. [L. eutrrre, to run.] Rnn- 

niag or moving rapidly; — now passing in its 

progress;— drculatang; generally reoeired; 



(kur'ent) ». A flowing of water in a 

particnJar direction ; a stream ; — general course; 

ordinaxy procedure ; progreulTe and connected 


OuTTwaAjt (kux'ent-Ie) adv. In a current man- 
ner : coaimonly. 
Cvrriele. (kuz'e-kl) n. [L. eurrere.] A chaise 

drawn by two bones abt^east. 
Cvzienlnm, (kur-rik'u-luro) «i. [L.] A raoe- 

eoarae ; — a course of study, as in a university. 
Csxrier, (kur'e-fr) n. [From ettrry.] One who 

dr«aaae and colours leather after it is tanned. 
Csrriah, (kur'idi) o. Having the qualities of a 

ctir ; snarling ; quarrelsome ; bmtaL 
Cvny, (kor'c) r. I. [L. corium,] To dress leather; 

—to comb, rub, or cleanse the skin of a horse;— 

to cook with cony, as rice, &o 
Ourry, (kur'e) h. [Per. IhHixlt.] A stew of fowl, 

fish, Ac, cooked with cuny-powder. 
OaxTy-eosob, (kur'e-k5m) n. An instrument for 

combing and cleaning horses. 
Carrying, (kur're-ing) v. Rubbing down a horse; 

— the art of dnnug skins after they aro tanned. 
Cofxy'ponvdar, (kur'e-pow-dcr) n. An East India 

Curse, (kurs) r. f. [A -8. eurtian.'] To titter a 

wish cHf evil against ; to execrate ; — to bring 

pncat evil upon ; to torment ; — v. t. To use pith 

&ne language ; to swear. 
Cmiua, (kuxs) «. Imprecation of evil ; — sentence 

of divine Justice on sinners ;— severe affliction ; 

tonnent. [serving a curne. 

Ourssd, (kufS'ed) a. Blasted by a outse;— de- 
Cursive, (kur'siv) a. [L. currerf.] Running; 

rapid. [manner ; without attention. 

Curseriljy (kur'sor-e-le) adv. In a cnrsoiy 
CuissiT, (kui<sor-e) cr. Characterized by haste ; 

•uperndally performed ; perftuictory. 
Out, <kurt)<i. (L. evrtii*.} Characterized by 

brevity: short: concise ; abrupt. 
Ontail, (kur-tAlO r. t. [F. atrt and iaillrr.] To 

cut short : to abridge ; to diminish ; to retrench. 
Cartala, (knr'tin) ii, [L. cortina.] A movable 

cloth screen or covering intended to darken or 

conceal popart of the rampart between two 

Curtain, (kur'tin) v.t To inclose as with 

curtains ; to ftamish with curtains ; to oonoeaL 
Cmtiy, (kurtQe) nrfr. Briefly ; abruptly. 
Curtaeat, (kurf nes) n. Shortness ; condsenen. 
Ourrated, (kurv'at-ed) o. [L. curcarc] Bent in 

a regular form ; curved. 
Cunratioa, (kurv-a'shun) n. Act of bending or 

crooking ; — a ourred form. 
Curvature, (kuiVa-tilr) n. The continual bend- 
ing of a line or soriace from a rectilinear direc- 
tion, [angles; crooked ; curred. 
Curve, rkurv) a. [L. eumt^.] Bent without 
Curve, (kurv) n. A bending without angles; 

that which is bent ; a flexure ; 

— a line of which no three con- 
secutive points are in the Stuno 

direction. Curre. 

Curve, (kurv) r. t To bend; to crook; to turn 

in a slanting direction. 
Curvet, (kun'et) n. [F. courUtte.] A lean of a 

hone ;— a prank ; a frolic. 
Curvet, (kurv-etO v. u To make a curvet ;— to 

leap and frisk. 
Curviliaeal, (kurv-e-lin'C-al) a. [L. curra and 

i i Ma.] Consisting of curved lines ; bounded by 

curved lines. [dove or wood-pigeon. 

Cushat, (kush'at) vi. [A -8. eu$CfoU.] The ring- 
Cushion, (koosh'un) n. [F. eousnn.] A stufied 

bag used to sit or recline upon ; — any stufl^ed or 

padded surface used as a rest or protector. 
Cushion, (koosh'un) r. t. To seat on a cushion ; 

to itmiish wiUi cushions. 
Cusp, (kusp) ji. [L. cu9piM.] A projecting point 

in the ornamentation of arches, panels, &c. ;— 

the ix>int at which two curves meet. 
Custard, (kus'tcrd) n. [W. catet.] A dish of 

milk and eggs sweetened, and baked or boiled. 
Custard-apple, (kus'tf rd-ap-pl) ft. ApIati t grow- 

ing in the West Indies, 

whose fruit contains a yel- 
lowish eatable oulp. 
Custodial, (kiis4d'de-al) a. 

Relating to custody or 

Custodian or Custodier, 

(kus-to'de-an) n. [L. c««- 

tM. ] One who has core, as 

of some public building; a ^ 

keeper or superintendent ; a'giiard'iau.' 
Custody, (kus'to-de) n. A keeping or guarding ; 

_oonfinement ; imprisonment 
Custom, (kus'tum) n. [F. contvmf,] ' Way of 

acting ; habitual practice ; — ^business support ; 

patronage ;— long established practice or usa^e. 
Customable, (kus'tum-a-bl) a. Common ; linbi- 

tuol ; — subject to the payment of custom duties. 
Customarily, (kuVtum-ar-e-Ie) adv. Habitually; 

commonly ; ordinarily. 
Customary, ( kns'tum-ar-o ) a. According to 

custom ; ordinary ; — ; — held by 

Custom-dutiei, (kus'tnm-du-tiz) n. Taxes laid 

on imported or exported goods. 
Customer, (kus'tum-cr) n. One who frequents 

any place for buying what he wants. 
Custom-house, (kus'tum-hous) n. The building 

where customs are paid, and where vessels are 

entered or cleared. 
Cut, (kut) r. t. [Norm. P. cofu, cut] To make 

an incidiou in ; to divide ; to sever ; — to hew, 

as wood;— to mow, as corn;— to dock ; — to carve; 


]low; — a hat«ii 

lie, (Ml'tlil) n. I. 
i: theHuf-skln;- 


I-lct) D 

Pflrtkinln; ti 

Dntia, (ka'Us) n. 

ing simHd. n-iUi ons wig* : * tiannr. 
OllUn, (Kuller) iL [L. riifler, knife.1 Ona 
miiku orwhoduli in kuivu nnd ed^ lo 

-klo-pc'an) a. Portwiiing to tb 
i..iauj» ; uug« ; trigwilio ; yatt uid roagh 

Crelnpidia, (tT-klO-iif'de-a) r. |G. IhIIm six 
jntifriu.i Tlia drels oi conipiw of tbs arn bui 

Ojnlopedio, (ai-lila-pwllk) a. Belon^ng to th< 
ciicla of the •c\aDi«. or to ■ crclopedl*. 
^rd«p«,{>riiIo|)»).i..i(. [O. iTiilapi) Aftbnl 

ft'pirt, I 

sbttlyDrrolkr-IIke I 
■- "- 'Dngitudmal ■ 

Bection IB Dbloug ui 
Cylindrioal, (■il-iu'diik-al) n. 

when Htriick toother, a rIiiuii, 
I3p&, (llll'lk)V One of Ihe 

Cyniol. (un'ik-Bl) a. [O. 
the quhl^tiai of A butIjt Jo 

CfnioiUy, (lin'ik-al-le) ni 


^ [G. i"»i^^d! Thee 

Oypriu, (wp 

Cy«,(wrt)ii. [G, J-u««] Ap 
talnijig morbid miitt«r. 
CiRie, (liit'ik) n. Hsving the f 

Onteeele. <raiffiii.1) ■. [O, !■ 
Ir/^, tumoqr,) Ifernin of the u 

ClUf, {iii)n. [Itiiaa, (i.,rj. L. £1 
the emperor of Buaiu: — wiittei 

Ounia, (Btiv'iia) n. [Rusa. Ik 

Tlw title of the olden B 

) «. [RiutI trarfiritr. 




rnrioMlj.CHi'ni ni Ir) nrfr InacnzionsmAnQer. 

Cori, (knrl) r.l. fIceL l-mMa.] To fonn into 

Ti]i^^;~t» twut into ooUr;— to niM in 

v&Tw or K^daktaocM ;—*. i. To bend in ring- 

kto;— to more in eurv e«, Bpinli, or nndnlationfl. 
Cod, (kBtl) a. A ringlet of hair ;-«nundalM- 

IBS or oDin; line in anr mbetanoe. 
Oadnr. (terK) n. (F. eortmc] An aquatic, 

ndxar kM, vith a Joitf 

btQ: iticaknrisdivetaiBed 

vith kA and bieek. Ite 

crjiiindl eipnaaed in the 


Cbzjf, (km^) a. Having 
«ri;;teadtngtocQrL ^^ 

Gkraoy^soii, (knr-mnj'on) ▼ J: _ 
K [0. Eng.corRMvc/'ViM.) Curiew. 

Ifl tTukioas, ehnrltah feUow ; a miaer ; a nig- 

Cfenat, (kni'aat) a. [nom CortntA.] A email 
^»d gnpe, ihxa the LeTant:— the froit of a 
veU-knoini thrab of the genna Bibee. 

Oanuf, Onu'en-ee) a. State of being oorreot ; 
RKolatiao:— CQirent Taloe; general estimation; 
"^bmbct; coin. 

C«aMt'(lEiti'e&t) a. [L. cumn,iomn.] Ron- 
Biag or nwring npidly ;— now naeiing in its 
prapM:— cnmlatuig; generauy reoeived; 

Ctawt, (Irat'ent) a. A flofring of water in a 
pcrtk&Jar dixeotion ; a atream :— general oonTse; 
cnUaaay proeedoie : pragreuiTe and connected 


Cinaiflj, ( kui'ent-le ) adv. In a cnrrent man- 
ner ; coaunoBljr. 
Canide, (knz'e-kl) «. [L. currere.] A chaiae 

'lavn by two bonea abreast. 
^rriraloB, gcnr-rik'Q-lnm) a. [!•■] A rao^ 

i»!n« ;--« otmne of aindy, aa in a uuiTenity. 
Cimer, (kar'e-fr) a, [Prom eurry.] One who 

*in«n and cotoora leather after it ia tanned. 
Cmuh. (knr'iah) a. Haviag the qaalitiea of a 

*tT ; KBuiing ; quarrelsome ; brataf. 
Cany, (kafe) r. t. [U eoriuvt.] To drwe laather; 

-to comb, rub, or deanae the akin of a horse; — 

VioqiJe with WTXjt aa rice, &o 
CiBTy. (kai'e) a. [Per. i/alrdf .] A stew of fbwl, 

^ 4c, cooked with eoiry-powder. 
Ccay-eonh, (knr'O'kdm) a. An inatramont fin: 

^jaAntk% ami cleaning horaea. 
CvRTiag, (knr're-ing) ». Rnbfaing down a horse; 

-ibe art of dreadngakina after they are tanned. 
Casy-pewdar, (kni'e-pow-dcr) n. An East India 

Cbk, (knn) r. f. r-,\--S. c«rri«n.l To niter a 

«Jh of eril against; to execrate; — to bring 

pat eril apon ; to torment ;— r. t. To use pro- 

Uoi langiiagv ; to swear. 
CvM, (kais) a. Imprecation of eril ;>eentenoe 

'i diviiio juattoe on alnnexa ; — severe aflUction ; 

tf-naeat [serring a curse. 

<2nM< (kart'ed) a. Blaated by » cune;— de- 
CctiTO, (kni'siv) a. [L. e«rr«y.] Running; 

apd. [manner ; without attention. 

Craarily, (kur'sor-e-le) mU. In a cursory 
Cttwy, (kni'sor-e) o. Characterized by haste : 

eipertidally perlfyrmed ; perfunctory. 
Cart,(kwrt)a. (L. cvHwu] Characterized by 

irevit;; short: conciBe ; abruiit. 
Cwail, (kur-tar) r, f. [F. cnrt and Mi7[«-.l To 

e^t »hort : to a>jridge : to diminish ; to retrench. 
Curtsia, (knr'Un) «- [L, eortina.] A morable 

f^^ scnen or ooveriug intended to darken or 

conceal ;^-part of the rampart between two 

Owtaia, (kux'tin) r. t. To Incloae aa with 
onrtaina ; to fhmish with curtains ; to conoeaL 
Cntfly, (kurtOe) tule. Briefly ; abruptly. 
Cortaeaa, (kurrnes) n. Shortness ; conciaeneas. 
Cazratad, (kuiVat-ed) a. [L. carrctre.] Bent in 
a regular form ; curved. 

Onrratiom, (kurr-A'shun) n. Act of bending or 
crooking : — a curred form. 
Carratnra, (kurr'artOr) ft. The continual bend- 
ing of a line or auxiaoe from a rectilinear direc- 
tion, [anglee ; crooked : curred. 
Onrve, (knrr) a. [L. c«r»-t/*.) Boat without 
Curre, (kurv) n. A bending without anglea; 
that which ia bent : a flexure ; 
— a line of which no three oon- 
auctttiTe pointa are in the same 
direction. Curre. 
Curve, (kurv) v. f. To bend; to crook; to turn 
in a slanting direction. 

Cnrvet, (kurv'et) n. (F. courlcitt.^ A leap. of a 
horse ; — a pnmk ; a frolic. 
Gurvet, (kurv-etO v. t. To make a curvet ;— to 
leap and frisk. 

Cnrvilineal, (kurv-e-lln'C-al) a. [L. curra and 

Ihita.^ Conaiating of curved lines ; bounded by 

curved lines. [dove or wood-pigeon. 

Gni^ (kush'at) «i. [A. -8. cuKeoU.\ The ring- 

Onahionf (koosh'un) n. (F. eou«rta.] A stuffed 

bog used to sit or recline upon ;— any stuffed or 

padded surface uaed aa a rest or protector. 

Onahion, (koosh'un) r. t. To seat on a cushion ; 

to ftumish with cushions. 

Cusp, (kusp) »u [Ia eutpis.^ A projecting point 
in the ornamentation of arches, panels, Lc. ',— 
the point at which two curves meet. 
Custard, (kua'tcid) n. [W. caie$.^ A dish of 
milk and ^gs sweetened, and baked or boiled.^ 
Custard-apple, (kus't?rd-ap-pl) »*. JLplftnt grow 
ing in the West Indies, 
whoso flruit contains a yel- 
lowish eatable uolp. 
Custodial, (kns4d'de-a]) a. 
Relating to custody or 

Custodian or Custodier, 
(kua-to^do-an) n. [L. cm- 
(o«.] One who has care, as 

of some public building; a ^ 

keeper or superintendent ; a guardian. 
Custody, (kus'toKie) n. A keeping or guarding ; 
— conflnement; impriaonment. 
Custom, (kus'tum) n. [F. c<nt<tfm«.] ' Way of 
acting; habitual practice ;— business support; 
patronage ;— long eetablislied practice or usage. 
Customable, (kus'tum-a-bl) o. Common : habi- 
tual ;— subject to the payment of custom duties. 
Customarily, (kus'tum-ar-e-le) adv. Habitually; 
commonly ; ordinarily. 

Cuatomary, (kua'tum-ar-e ) o. According to 

custom ; ordinary ; — couvontional ; — noia Dy 

custom. . ^ _ , . , 

Custom-dntieB, (kxis'tum-dil-tlz) n. Taxes laid 

on imported or exported goods. 

Cnstomar, (kus'tum-«r) n. One who frequents 

any plaoe for buying what he wants. 

Cuatom-house, (kua'tum-hous) n. The building 
where customs are x>ald, and where vessels are 
entered or cleared. 

Cut, (kut) r. t. [Norm. P. coin, cut.] To make 
an incirtion in ; to divide ; to sever ;— to hew, 
as wood;— to mow, as com;— to dock ; — to carve; 




Sanoe, (dans) r. t. [F. danger.] To move with 
ineasural steps to music: to caper; — r. (. To 
cauM to dance ; to dandle. 

Dance, (dans) n. A lively motion, with set 
steps and poeturBs of the body, in time with 
measazed muaio : — a figure in which two or more 
move in concert. 

Dancer, (dans'cr) n. One who dances. 

Sandelkai, (dan-de-lTun) n. [P. d<nt de lionJ] 
A well-known plant, with yeUow compound 

Dandle, (danMl) v.(. [Ger. tandelnA To move 
np and down, as an iiiiant ; to fondle. 

Dandling, (d&nd'ling) n. Tlie act of fondling or 
dancing on the knee, as an infant. 

Dandy, (dan'de) n. (F. datuiuu] One who 
affects special finery in dress: a fop: a cox- 
comb, t^ressof a dandy ; foppishness. 

Dandyism, (dan'de-izm) n. The maimers and 

Danger, (dfln'jrr) n. [L. damnuuu) Exposure to 
injury, loss, inin, or other evil ; — ^peril ; hazard; 
risk ; jeopardy. 

Dangenras, (dan'jtr-us) a. [F. dnnfferrux.] 
Attended with danger: full of risk ; perilous. 

Daagenrasly, (d&n'j{r>us-le) adv. In a dangerous 

Dangle, (dang'gl) v. i. [Dan.' dinrtle.] To hang 
looeely, or with n swinging motion : to hang 
about er follow after : — v. t. To swing. 

Dangler, (dang'glcr) n. One who hangs about or 
follows others, especially women : trifler. 

Dank, (dangk) a. [Allied to cfainj>.J Damp: 
moist; humid: wet; raw. 

Dapper, (dap'cr) a- [G^t. Utpfrr.] Tittle and 
active ; lively ; neat in dress or appearance ; 

Dapple, (dapl) a. [Ger. dippeln.] Harked with 
spots of different colour ; siwtted ; variegnted. . 

Dapple, (dapl) v. t. To variegate with s^wts. 

Dare, (dar) v. i. [A.-S. dearr.] To have sufficient 
courage ; to bo bold enough : to veiltura ; — r. t. 
To challenge ; to defy ; to Drove. 

Daring, (dor'ing) n. A bold act : a hazardous 
attempt ; a ra^ venture. 

Dark, (dark) a. [A.-S. dtarc, Gael, t It. doreh.] 
Destitute of light : black;— ob<«cure ; mysteri- 
ous; concealed: hidden ;•— destitute of know- 
ledge: ignorant;— foreboding evil; gloomy,; 

Dark, (d&rk) n. Absence of light ; gloom ;— 
condition of ignorance; secrecy; unknown state. 

Darken, (diirk'n) r. (. To make dark ; to cloud ; 
— ^to render dim; to deprive of vision;— to 
render less clear or intelligible ; — to sully ; — r. i. 
To grow dark or darker. 

Darlush, (dArk'ish) a. Somewhat dark; dusky. 

Darkling, (darkling) a. In the dark or twilight. 

Darkly, (diirkle) adv. With imperfect light ; 
obscurely ; dimlv ; blindly ; uncertainly. 

Darkness, (dArk'nes) n. Absence of light ; ob- 
scurity; — ^want of clearness or perspicuity; — a 
state of privacy; secrecy ; — a state of ignorance 
or error : wickedness ; impurity ;— a state of 
distress ; calamity ; perplexity. 

Darksome, (dark ' sum) a. Somewhat darltf 

Dariing, (dar'ling) n. [A-S. dcorliitff.] One 
dearly beloved ; a lavourite. 

Darling, (dir'ling) a Dearly beloved ; regaided 
with especial kindness and tenderness ; favour- 

Dam, (d4m) 1. 1. [W. dt Arm. dam.] To mend 
a rent or hole, in a garment, stocking, drc., 
iftith thread, worsted, dio., of the same colour. 

Dam, (dam) n. A garment mended by darainc:. 
Darnel, (dar'nel) n. [Prov. Eng. drank.] A. 

plant of the genus LoUum; a species of grass. 
Darning, (darn'ing) n. The act of mendmg, as a 

hole m a garment; patching: — the picca 


Dart, (d&rt) n. [H. Ger. tart.] A jminted, mis- 
sile wea]x»n ;— <iny thing that pieroesL 
Dart, (d&rt) r. (. To throw with a sudden eifort: 

to hurl or launch ;— to emit : to shoot, as Tf.x* : 

— r. t. To start and run with velocity; to shoot 

Darter, (dart'cr) n. One who darts or tvho throws 

a dart ; — a bird of the pelican family. 
Dash, (daah)r. t. [Sw. ds Icel. daska.] To throw 

with violence or haste ; — to break by oollision : 

to abash ; — ^to throw in or on in a rapid manner; 

— to sketch carelessly ;— to erase by a stroke : 

to blot out or obliterate ;— r. t. To rush with 

violence through ; — ^to strike violently against. 
Dash, (dash) n. Violent striking of two bodiea ; 

collision; — a sudden check;— «n inltudon, or 

adulteration ; a partial over^reading ; — a rapid 

movement ; a sudden onset; — a show or ponule; 

— a mark [ — ], in writing or printing, denoting 

a sudden break or transition m a sentence. 
Dastard, (das'tcrd) n. [A.-S. adagtriffan.] One 

who meanly shrinks from danger ; a coward. 
Dastard, (das't^rd) a. Cowardly ; meanly shrink- 
ing from danger. 
Dastardly, (das't§rd-le) a. Cowardly ; meanly 

timid ; nase ; sneaking. 
Date, (dilt) n. [L. dare] Specification of liie 

time when a writing, coin, &c., was executed; 

— precise period; eixwh ; —duration ; continuaoce 
Date, (dilt) v. t. To note the time of writing: or 

executing;— to refer to as astarting point; — v. t. 

To bcs:in ; to reckon or count fhim. 
Date, (dut) 11 . [G. daitulos, a finger.] The fruit 

of the date-palm. 
Date-palm or Date-tree, (d^ljt'pAm) n. The genus 

of iKilras which Ijear dates'. 

Its stem shoots tip in one 

cylindrical column to the 

height of 50 or 60 feet, and >5ii^^p^kv»'»\ 

is crowned by luxuriant >3?3^^^K^ wrt 

foliiige. Its f^uit is perhaps 

the most nutritious of all 

Tc'setable prrxlucts. 
Dative, (diit'iv) n. [L. {si: 

d(t tic 11$.] Tlio ca«e of a --^_ 

noun to which anything is 

given, directed, orrefen-e<l. 
Dative, (dat'iv) n. Caiwble _ 

of being d i8ix>sed of at will Dat«-i«lm. 

'and plecisare ;— pertaining to the dativo. 
Datum, (da'tum) it. [L.] Something given or 

admitted ; a ground of inference or doductiou 

— cliiefly plural, data. 
Daub, (dawb) r. t. [Jr. dob.] To smear with soft 

Adhesive matter ; — to paint in a coane manner. 
Daub, (dawb) 7i. A viscous sticky application ;— 

a picture coarsely executed. 
Daughter, (daw'tcr) n. [A.-S. dohtor.] A fenxalo 

child or descendant ;— a female penitent. 
Daughter^in4aw, (daw'tcr-iii-law) ii. The wife of 

one s son. 

Daughterly, (daw'ter-Ie) a . Beooming a dangfa t<T. 
Daunt, (dant) r. f." [F. dmnpter.] To retntAi^ or 

subdue the courage of; intimidate; frighten. 
Dauntless, (duntltrs) a. Bold; fearless; intrtriiid: 

undaunted. (fearless mnniier. 

Dauntlessly, (duntles-le) adc. In a heroic zuid 




[F. j The eld* 


InploB, (^«Vn or do-fing^ n. 

eft m of ^0 IdBf of Ranoe. 
Bent, (diyit) M. A mr mad on hoard oi ihipi 

M % osM to faoot the 

flakn ortlteiBebr;— 

j»'. Fleooi «f timfaer or 

iKw fRMfllnf orer a 

ship'a MMrHem, Imt- 

is? tKftk to XBUB a 


S«v,(<hr)B. AUxdof 
»m,fAwa)r;t. iA.-S. 
'>-».,' To qsraul, as 
nu i^ ]%hft ',— to gnwr 
io«arii the light of mamias:;— to develop, as 
9oi«», bope, A& : — Co oome to the mind with a 

fitva,(<!JbvD)m. The break of day ; flntnipear- 
%^^ <tf lil^t in the momiog ; riae, as at hope, 

^j, (iti) a. [A.S. dceff.} The jieriod from 
naiise to naaet :~the period of the eazth's xe- 
Y- '.atum oa ito axis; —a specific tfane or period ; 
t3i« qf Itfe^-sDj perticcUar day, as Chxistmas 
jUj ;^diy of b&ttte ; ryetorr. 
S>^WA, (darb66k) N. A book in which are 
J^^''^ ^ s eeo ttn ts of the day in their order. 
%*^nik, (dSbrak) n. The first appearance of 
ri^b* in the momixig: dawn of day. 
WTteaai, (dl'dzem) a. A rain faxicj or speea- 
^.:icn;-« eastje in the air. 
»H^« (dam) «w One of a genua of inaeda 
•^t lite only one day— called Sj*hemera. 
wf-labesr, (dili^bcr) n. labour hired or done 
••: tie day. [ator. 

fcyiBiB ^ (diz'man) n. An umptiv ; a medi- 
^Jffmgt {di'mnug) n. The beginning of the 
saj . the dawn. 

«a. Mil) r. t. [A.-ii. dwaa, stopid. ] To orer- 
.'>«^ wilii li^t; honoe, to confuse: to be- 
•■1^ [brilliancy. 

J«^ (dart) r. f. To strike or surprise with 
5«««» («irkn) «, [O. rfiflioiiM.] Originally 
"^ appi«Bted to serre tables, or the care of the 
'"tf:— in the Bomish ohuich. an aaaiitant to 
'-' ;— in the English church, one licenced 
<• ^^^acfa, but not to administer ordinanoes ; — 
» tVaHjriarian churches, one charged with the 
, '^ t^ Utorch Property and Fnnda 
;!^*'*<cai,(de'kn-cs)a. A female deacon. 
«'- '^ * wnnhm , (delcn-ehip) n. The oflSoe or minis- 
^ ^ & «*faBon oc deaoofieai. 
-^ (^ed> a, fA.-a rfwrf, Go. ^u<Ai».] De- 
T ^f d or deatitoto of life ;— inanimate ; inac- 
'•'" —nDpflodnctiTe; — producing death ; — cold; 
J~^l«i;— gloomy; stul: spiritless; rapid. 
^^ (dcd) adv. To a degree resembling death ; 
t \u Iwt dugree ; completely ; wholly. 
"^^ (^idd) M. The state of the dead;— the most 
' .e: or death-like time i—pl. Those who are 
:''^:Um departed. 
^'^'Ja, (dsd'n) V. L To Im- 
Wr la foroe or sensibility : 
v> Unnob;— to retard ;— to 
*''-ke c{icritles8 ; — todepriTe 
J^U-lswl, (dedOer-el) n. 

91. A 

*n*,w to prerent water 

>>«^4ight. (dadHt) 
■••• .n^ ibQtter for a 


Deadly, (dedle) a. Capable of causing death; 
mortal; hostile. 

Deadly, (dedle) adr. Bo as to resemble death ; 
— mortsily ; — in an implacable manner. 

Beadly-nightahade, (dedle-nit'ahod) n. A pois- 
onous pluitof the genus Atropa ; belladonna. 

Dead-maroh, (ded^m^rch) a. A pieoe of solemn 
music at a ihneraL 

Daa d ne a s, (dadoes) n. The state of being dead ; 
^dalness; inertneas; languor; indifference. 

Dead-ahot, (ded'shot) n. An exact marksman. 

Dead-water, (dedVaw-ter) tu The eddy water 
that'cloaes behind a ship. 

Dead-weicht, (ded'w&t) ». A heavy or'opprea- 
siye burden. 

Deaf, (def)a. [A.-S. d4a/.] Wanting theaenae 
of hearing wholly or in i>art; — unwilling to 
listen ;— indistinctly heard. 

Deafen, (defn) r. t. To moke deaf; to stun ;— 
to render imperrions to sound, as a floor, wadl, 
&c. [and dumb. 

Deaf-mnte, (def mut) n. A penon who is deaf 

Deafineaa, (defnes) n. State of being deaf; — 
wantof heuing; — refusing to listener attend ta 

Deal, (del) v.t. [A. -8. dalan.] To divide; to 
distribute ; — v. i. To make distribution ;— to 
traffic ; to trade ; — ^to act between ;— to have 
^ranaactions with ; — to distribute cards. 

Deal, (del) n. [A.-S. cfe^.] A part or portion ; 
an indefinite quantity, or extent ;— distribu- 
tion of cards ; the porUon distributed ; — a pine 
or fir board. 

Dealer, (del'er) n. One who deals ; a trader. 

Dealisg. (del'ing) n. Tnteroourse in buying 
and selling; traffic ;— conduct in relation to 

Dean, (d§n)n. [L. decanu«.] A dignitary in 
cathedral and collegiate cliurches ; — the heoid of 
a college ; — ^president in an ecclesiastical court. 

Deanery, (den'{r-e) n. Office, revenue, real- 
denoe, or jurisdiction of a dean. 

Deanahip, (don'ship) n. The office of a dean. 

Dear, (dcr) a. [A.-S. deorf.] Bearing a high price; 
coetly; expensive; — hi^y valued; beloved; 

iMar, (der) ndr. Dearly ; at a high rate. 

Dear, (d^r) n. . One dearly beloved ; a darling. 

Dearly, (dcrle) adv. In a dear manner ; or at a 
dear rate. • [being dear. 

Daameaa, (dei<aei) ft. State or condition of 

Dearth, ^rth) n. That which makes dear ; de- 
flcienoy; scarcity; — waz^t; destitution. 

Death, (deth) n. [A.-S. deadh.^ Ce««ation or 
extinction of bodily Ufe ; decease ; dissolution ; 
— mode or manner of dying ; — cause or inrtru- 
ment of loss of life ; — the state of the dead ; — 
the emblem of mortality ; — 8ei)aration from the 
favour and fellowship of God. 

Death-bed, (deth'bed) n. The bed on wluch a 
person dies ; the closing hotirs of life. 

Deathless, (dethles) a. Not subject to death ; 
undying ; mmiortal, as the soul. 

Death-rattle, (deth'rat-1) n. A rattling in the 
throat of a djong person. 

Deafh's-door, (dethz'ddr) n. Brink of the grave ; 
— ^tiie near amiroach m death. 

Deadi'a-head. (dethslied) n. A figure represent- 
ing the head of a human akeleton ;— a species of 

Death-warrant, (deth'wor-ant) it. An order ft-om 
the proper authority for the execution of a cri- 

Debar, (de-baiO v. t. [From dt and bar. I To 




shut out or ezclttdo; to deny or reftue; to 

Debark, (de-b&rk') v. t. [F. dilmrquer.] To land 
from a ship or boat ; to disembark ; — r. i. To 
leiive a ship or bosit, and 'psuaa to the land. 

Sebarkationf (du-bdrk-a'shun) n. The act of dis- 

Debase, (de-b3«') v. t. [From de and ba»e.'\ To 
rodaoe from a higher to a lower state of worth, 
])urity, station, and the like; degrade; adul- 
ter.ito; dii^grace. 

Debasement, (de-b^Vment) n. Tlie act of debas- 
ing, or the state of being debased ; degradation. 

Debatable, (de-b&t'a-bl) a. Liable to bo debated ; 

Debate, (de-bilt') n. Contention in words or argu- 
ments : dispute; controversy; discussion. 

Debate, (de-baf) v. t. [F. dcbatlrt.] To contend 
for in words or arguments ; — v. i. To engage in 
strife ; to dispute ; argue. 

Debater, (de-but'^r) n. One who debates ; a dis- 

Debauch, (de-bawch*) v. t [F. dt'bnvcher.] To 
corrupt iji character or principles; to lead 
a4r.iy ; to seduce. 

Debauch, ((le-bawchO n. Excess in eating or 
drinking ; intemperance ; lewdness. 

Debauchee, (deb'0-shO) n. A sensual or dissi- 
inted person ; a rake : a libertine. 

Dobaucaery, (de-bawch'sr-e) n. Corruirtion ; se- 
duction from duty or virtue ; — excessive indul- 
gence : intern i)erance ; lewdness. 

Debenturtt, (de-bent'ur) n. [L. dtbcre.} A writ- , 
ing acknowledging a debt;— a custom-house 
certiftcato entitling an exporter of iniix)rted 
goods Ui a drawback ; — bonds and securities for 
money loans. 

DcbiUUtc. (de-bil'It-ut) v.t. [L. dcbilU.] To 
weaken: to impair; — to make feeble, faint, or 

Debility, (du-bil'e-te) iu The state of being feeble 
or weak ; want of strength ; weakness. 

Debit, (debit) n. [L. debitum, from debere, to 
owe.] A recoixlod item of debt ; the debtor bide 
of an account ; debt. 

Debit, (debit) v. t. To charge with debt ;— to 
enter on the debtor side of a book. 

Debomiair, (deb-6-nilrQ «. [F. dt^bonnalrf.] 
Bearing himself well ; pf good air or mien ;— 

Debouch, (jje-boosh*) v.i. [F. d^boiicJier.] To 
isoue or march out of a coniiued place, or from 

Debouchure, (de-bJ6-«hur^ n. [F.] The outwanl 
opening, as of a valley, river, and the like. 

DcDrifl, (dil-bre') n. [t\ brUtr.] Frugments de- 
tacher.! from a rock or mountain; — rubbish; 

Debt, (det) «. [F. dett€.] Thing owed ;— tliat 
whidi is due from one person to another, 
whutlicr money, gooils, or services ; obligation ; 
Liability ; — a fault ; a crime : a trespass. 

Debtor, (det'fr) n. [L. debitor, from deber<>, to 
owe.] Tlie ixjrson who owes another either 
niouey, gixnls, or services ; — the tside of an ac- 
count on which debts are entered. 

Debut, (da-boo') ». (F. fh)m bvt, aim.] A 
beginning; firat appearauoe of an actor or public 
eiHjakor, &c. 

Decade, (dek'ud) n. [0. dfl-a.] Tlie number or 
agp-rtgnte of ten ; a period of ten years. 

Deoadenoe, (dC-ki'dens) n. IL. de and cadox, to 
fall.] Decay ; fall ; deterioration. 

Deeaffcm, (dek'a-gon) n. [Q. deka and gonia,] 
A plane figure of ten ndes and ten angleou 

Deoahednm, (dek-a-he'dron) n. [G. deta and 
htilra.] A solid figure or body having teu sides. 

Decalopot, (dek-aTo-Jist) n. One who explains 
the decalogue. 

Decalogue, (dekVlog) n. [Q. deka, ten, and 
logos, speech.] The ten oommandmeats. 

Decamp, (de-kamp') v.i. [F. d^camper.l To 
move from a camping ground; to depart sud- 
denly ; to run awav with, as with money. 

Decampment, ^JC-Kamp'ment) n. D«|iiirtnre 
from a camp ; breaking up of a oarop; nuu-ching 
off. [ing to a dean or deanery. 

Decanal, (dek'an-al) a. (L. decantis.] Pertain- 

Decaadroua, (dek-an'dnu) a. [G. <Uka, ten, and 
anir, a male.] Having ten stamens. 

Decant, (de-kanf) v. t. [F. ddcanter.] To pour 
oflf gently, as liquor from its sediment ; ijouz 
from one vessel into another. 

Decanter, (de-kant'^r) n. A vessel nwd to 
decant liquors ;— a glass bottle for the table. 

Decapitate, fdd-kap'it-at) v.t. [L.d< and c<(/'<'f, 
head.] To oehead ; to decollate. 

Decapitation, (de-kap-it-a'shun) n. The Act of 
beheading ; — state of being beheaded. 

Decapod, (dek'a-pod) n. [G. deia and po*'^] 
A crustacean with ten feet or legs, as the cr%h, 
lolwt«r, &c. 

Deoarbcnization, (de-kar-bon-e-z^'shun) n. Tlie 
action or x>rocess of depriving a substance of 

Decarboniie, (dC-karlbon-iz) r. C. . [From de and 
carbonize.] To deprive of carbon. 

Deoay, ^du-ku') v. i. [L. de and cadnr^] To inss 
gradually fi-uni a sound, prosperous, or iwrftKt 
state to one of imperfection, weidcneas, or <IiaM>- 
lution ; to fail ; to decline ; — r. t. To impair ; to 
bring to a worse state. 

Decay, (de-ka') n. Gnidual failure of health, 
strength, soundness, prceperity, or any kiini of 
ex(»llence or perfection; — decline; deteriora- 
tion : rottenness. 

Decease, (dC'-8e8')iti, [L. decedere.] Departure, 
espeeiaUv dc)iarturB £rom life ; deatJi ; deminc. 

Deooase, (de-eesO v. i. To depart from tliitt life ; 
to die. 

Deceit, (dC-sef) n. [L. deciptre.] An att.ctni»t 
or disposition to deceive ; fraud ; imposition ; 
guile ; wile ; trick. 

Deceitful, (de-set'foul) a. Full of deceit ; ftauda- 
lent : deceptive. 

DeceitAilly, (de^et'fool-ie) adv. In a deceitful 

Deoeitfulnesi, (d(!-s?t'f6dl-nes) n. Disposition 
to deceive ; --quality of being Anandulent. 

Deoeivable, (de-e£v a-bl) a. Subject to deceit or 
impcvition ; liable to be misled, or imposed on. 

Deoeivably, (de-sSv'a-ble) adv. In a manner to 
produce deoeptiun ; artfully; plausibly. 

Deceive, (dO-s6\'> v.t. IL. d^ and capere.} To 
lead into eiTor ; to impose upon ; delude : be- 
guile; mislead; cheat. 

Deceiver, (de-sev'tr) n. One who deceivea 

December, (de-sem'bcr) n. The last month in 
the' year. 

Decemvir, (de-sem'vcr) n. [L. dnem and r<r.] 
One of ten magistrates who had absolute au- 
thority in ancient Rome lh>m 449 to 447 B. C 

Decemvirata, (dS-sem'ver-at) n. Offioe of de- 
cemvirs ;— a body of ten men in authori^. 

Decency, (de'sen^se) n. [L. deetntia.} State or 
quality of being decent; propriety in inter- 





(Wine, actaoBi cr diteonM; modesty :--that 
T hich a daont or beooming. 
BcoeanazT, (de-fln'ar-e) s. [L. drcem, teo, and 
" Mhoi. a ynr.] a period of ten yean. 
Decoaial, (dMe&'»^) a. Coiudstiiig of or oon* 
tinun; te to jma, or happeomg ereiy ten 

0«ec9t. (tf'iest) d. [L. deeeru.} Fitting or be- 
<^Qn^ r-Aee ftoa immodasty :— gx&oef nl : well- 
^Ttaed.-aoiuatalnX competeat; sufficient; 
^-cagjri y; iwnly. 

''BBBtl^, (tftmt-k) luiv. In s decent or be> 
jxttfl^a mw; with propriety. 
Ak^FCH. (df&sip'aluin) fi. [L. <{«oej9(io.] Act 
<^ detmiiig or misleading : — state of being 
LSdrai or miiled ;— that which decetres ; arti- 
i-i.tbtM: flnod; impontion! 
Oiesptxn or Oscsptiflos, (d»-eep'tiv) a. TentUng 
JjJ^^* ' P^^ioff & ta^ impmsRion : delusive. 
^^Ec^tRify. (dfrsep'txT-lB) adv. In a manner to 
cJusd or deadTe; 

^«^ <de-jpn') r. ». [L. rfe and eemertf to 
J^ost] 1V> pns a decree or judgment. 
Btduk, (d^^cfa-U) a. Capable of being do- 

Ifee* (de-AT) r. t [L. ck and f<»^i<r?.] To 

<:^rf!mine the resolt of : to settle : to conclude ; 

- t. To detarmine : to form a definite opin- 

•J|. togirededston. 
^«ied. (dS^tfed) a. Free fhrai ambiguity ; — 

^' frm doubt ; determined ; reeolote. 
Sioiaj, (d««d'ed-le) adv. In a decided man- 
^ cfeariy ; resolutely, 

«faiasas, (d£«d'u-us) a. [L. rfe and eadere.] 
^-^ off or away; liaUetofaU. 
OeeatI, (de^e^nal) a. [L. d^ctMiw.] Pertain- 
/: ? t>> the onmber tea ; counted by tens. 
S^osL (deiVnud) n. A number expreaaod in 
^ *^ of tens : a tenth part. 
wimHy ,- (daaVmal-le) adv. By means of ded- 
^'-^ ; l^tens. 
«tte, (drt'e-mat) r. /. fL. rfaimcTT.] To take 

'■> tajtb part of; — to select by lot and punish 

»•;». Asoh eveiy tenth man. 
'^^^^ 'MTtm . fdeike^mS'shnn) n. A selection of 
j^'-rt teDtb by lot» as for punishment, iui. 
*f=?W,<desrf?r)r./. {¥. dechiffrer.] To find 

'- - kr7 to a dpiier ; — ^to translate from a dplier; 

•«• (umrel ; to explain. 
^'^'i^Mnkle, (d&« fsr-arbl) a. Capable of being 

^«*sa, (dfi.«rii'nn) n. [L decUio.] Act of 
wtj:i( or terminating, aA a controversy, battle, 
^ c-.',:jt;— final opinion or Judgment: — the 
1 -^-tj at being decided; determination ; reeolu- 

^^''s. (de-d^riv) a. Having the i»wer or 
-.3^r of dedduig; — resolute; oondusive; 

r* (dfi-dlnv-le) adv. In a manner to 
^Ksiiberation, doubt, or contest; ooncludvely. 
^T^iiviBSSs. (d&si'dv-nes) n. Quality of ending 

ibiU, cao t rovgrs y , ftc. ; oondusiveneaa. 
«**. (d«k) v.t. lA-S. d«a».) To cover;— to 

^^"v ; to dotfw with elegance ; adorn ; — to fur- 
^:f *ith a deck, as a veswi. 
^^ ('iek)a. The floor-like covering or dividon 

*<k», (dek'er) «. One who, or that which 

«wi^ :— a veaad which has a deck or decks. 

''^-'iBt* (dsk^) a. Act of adorning ; that 


^^"■Wi (de-kttm^ 9.i. [L. de and clamare.] 

To speak rhetorically: to make a formal oration; 
to harangue ; — to speak ix>mix)usly ; to rant; — 
r. t. To utter in public ; to deliver in a rhetori- 
cal manner. 

Declamation, (dek-la-ma'shun) n. , [L. dtda- 
iiiatio.] Act or art of declaiming;— a set speech 
or harangue; — pretentions rhetorical display. 

Declamatory, (de-klamVtor-e) a. Pertaining to 
declamation ;— appealing to tne fcelingH. 

DeclaxaUe, (de-klOra-bl) a. Capable of declara- 
tion or proof. 

Declaration, (dek-la-r&'shun) n. Afflrmaf ion :— 
explicit assertion ; — the document by wliicb on 
aatiertion is authoritatively verified. 

Declarative or Deolaratonr, (de-kUz'a-tiv) a. 
Making declaration, proclamation, or publica- 
tion ; explanatory. 

Declare, (dS-klar^ r, t. [L. de and elararf.] To 
make kno%Mi publicly ; to proclaim ;— to aj^aert ; 
to affirm ;- to make full statement of ;—r. i. To 
make a declaration ; — to dedde in favour of. 

Deolendon, (de-kleu'shun) n. Declination ; de- 
scent ; slope ;— a falling off from excellence or 
perfection: deterioration ; decay ; — act of refus- 
ing; a declinature ; — inflection of a word accord- 
ing to grammatical forms. 

Declinable, ^de-kltn'a-bl) a. Admitting of de- 
clension or inflection ; capable of being declined. 

Declination, (dek-lin-i&'shim) n. Act or state of 
bending downward ; descent : inclination ; — act 
or state of Calling off from txcvUence or jxirfec- 
tion ; decay ; obliquity ; divergtuoe ;— angular 
distimce of any object from the celostial cc^uator ; 
— act of inflecting a word through its various 

Declinature, (de-klin'a-tilr) n. Act of putting 
away or refusing. 

Decline, (dS-klin') v. i. (L. declhtare.] To bend 
over or hang down, as fVom wenkness, wiviri- 
nesB, &c. ; — to tend or draw towards a cIoro; 
to fail ; to decay ; — to turn aside ; to deviate ; — 
to diminidi ; to fall in value;— p. t. To bend 
downward ; to depress : — to refuse ; to reject 
oonrteously ; to avoid ; — ^to change the termina- 
tions of a word in grammatical form ; to Inflect. 

Decline, (dS-kliu') n. A falling off; tendency to a 
worse state ; deterioration ; — a gradual sinking 
and wasting away ; consumption ; phthisiB. 

Declivity, (de-kliv^e-te) n. [L. decHciA.] Devia- 
tion from a horizontal line ; inclination down- 
waztl ;— a descending uurfaoe ; a slojie. 

Decoetf (dd-kokt) v. t. [L. de and co*iv(re.^ To 
preixire by boiling ; to make on infusion of ; — to 

Decoction, (de-kok'shun) n. Act of preparing fcr 
use by boiling ;— an extract iiropanxi by boiling 
something in water. 

Decoctive, (de-kokt'iv) a. That may bo casUy 
deoocted or digested. 

Decollate, (dt-koiat) T.t. [L. decoUarc] To 
sever the neck of ; to behcid . 

Decollation, (dg-kol-a'shun) n. The act of bo- 

Decolour, (dc-kul'er) r. «. [From cZ* and fo/o«r.] 
To deprive of colour ; to bleach. 

Decolouration, (de-kuHr-a'sfaun) it. The re- 
moval or absence of colotir. 

Decomposable, (de-kom-poz'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being decomposed. 

Decompose, («15-kom-pos0 v. t. [F. decomj)OKv.] 
To lexNirate tlie constituent parts of ; to set fVce 
from chemical combination: to resolve into 
original elements ;— v. i. To become resolved 



ftom *iyi«*ing oombinations : to trndexigo duao- 


Deoompoaition, (de-kom-po-aaah'un) n. Tho re- 
solution, either spontaneously or artificiallj, of 
a chemical body into its elements :— dissolution. 

Decompound, (de-kom-poundO v. t. [From de 
and compound.] To compound or mix with that 
which is already compound. 

Decompound, (de-kom-pound') a. Compound of 
a compound ;— several times divided, as a leaf 
or stem. 

DeeoTateCdek-o-ratOv. ^ (L. deearare.] To deck 
with that which is becoming, ornamental, or 
honorary; — ailom; embellish. 

Decoration, (dek-d-ril'»hun) n* Act of decorat- 
ing: — that which adorns or beautifies; — oma- 
niuiit. [adorning ; ornamental. 

DecoratiTe, (dek'd-rat-iy) a. Suited to ombclUsh; 

Deoorout, (dQ-ko'rus) a. [L. cUeu4.] Suitable to 
character or occasion ; becoming ; proper. 

Decorously, (de-kd'rua-le) adt;. In a decorous or 
becoming manner. 

Deoortloate, (de-kor'te-kat) v. t. [L. de and cor- 
tex, bark.] To take off the bivk ; to husk ; to 

Decorum, (de-ko'rom) n. [L.] Propriety of speech, 
nuumer, or conduct ; decency; — ^gravity. 

Decoy, (dS-koy*) v. t. [From de and cotf.] To en- 
tice into a snare ; to lead into danger by artifice; 
to entrap ;— allure. 

Decoy, (de-koyO ». Anything intended to lead 
into a snare ; trap ; bait ; allurement. 

Deoreaae, (de-krglo v. i. [L. de and crfgrtre.] 
To become less ; to be diminished gradually in 
extent, quantity, amount, quality, value, men- 
tal or moral excellence; — v.t. To lessen; to 
<liminish gradually. 

Deoreaae, (de-kres') n. A becoming less ; gradual 
diminution ; decay ;— wane, as of the moon. 

Deoreaaingly, (do-kreslng-le) ade. In a do- 
creasing manner. 

Deoree, (dfr-kre') n. [L. decernerf, to decide.] 
An order or decision made by a court or other 
oomjMstent authority; an established rule or 
law ',—pl. The predetermined purposes or plans 
of the Almighty. 

Decree, (de-kre') v. t. To determine judicially ; 
to order; to appoint; to establish by law ; — r. t. 
To decide autkoritatively; to determine deci- 
sively; to resolve. 

Decrement, (dek're-ment) n. [L. deertmentum.] 
State of becoming gradually less ;— qxiaoitity 
lost by diminution or waste. 

Decrepit, (de-krep'it) a. [L. de. and crtpereJ] 
Wasted or worn by the infirmities of old age ; 
broken down ; infirm. 

Decrepitate, (de-krep'it-at) v. t. [From de and cre- 
pitate.] To roost or calcine with continual 
crackling of the substance ; — t. i. To crackle, as 
salts when roosting. 

Decrepitation, (de-]a:ep-it-&''shnn) n. Act of cal- 
cining salts or other minerals In a cruciblo ; — 
the noise produced in calcination. 

Deorepitude, (de-krep'it-ud) n. The feeble or 
infirm state of the body produced by decay and 
the infirmitieB of age ; state of senility. 

Deoreeoendo, (de-kres-eeu'do) a. [U.J With de- 
creasing volume of sound — a 
direction to performers, either 
written upon the staff or indi- 
cated thus : — Decrssccndo. 

Deereseent, (de-kres'ent) a. Boooraing leas by 
gradual diminution ; decreasixiig. 

Decretal, (de-kret'al) a. [Ll decrttum.] Con- 
taining or appertaining to a decree. 

Deoretu, (dS-kret'ah 91. An authoritative order 
or decree ; especially, of the pope ;— a collection 
of the pope's decrees. 

Decretive, (de-kretlv) 'a. Having the force of a 
decree ; of the nature of a decree ; determining. 

Decretory, (dek're-tor-e) a. Betabliahod by a 
decree; Judicial; definitive; serving to deter- 

Decrial, (dg-kri'al) a. A cr3ring down ; a daiuor- 
ous censure ; condemnation by censure. 

Decry, (de-kri') r. t. [F. dierier.] To cry down : 
to censure as faulty, mean, or worthleas ; to rail 
or clamour against ; to bring into dinvpiiU) ; 
disparage; traduce. 

Decumbency, (du-kumnben-ee) n. Act, posture, 
or state of lying down. 

Decumbent, (de-kum'bent) a. [L. decumbcn*.] 
Bending or lying down ; prostrate. 

Decumboitly, (de-kum'bent-lo) culv. In a decum- 
bent posture. 

Decuple, (dek'u-pl) o. [G. dekaplou*, from Uclv, 
ten.] Tenfold ; multiplied by ten. 

Decuple, (dek'u-pl) n. A number ten times re- 
peated, [multiply by ten. 

DeeupLe, (dek'u-pl) v.t. To make tenfold; to 

Deounent or Deooniva, (d&lrar'ent) a. [L. de 
and eurrere.] Running down ; extending down- 
wturd, as the base of a leaf. 

Deousaata, (do-kua'&t) v. t. [L. dfcuatare,'^ To 
cross at an acute angle ; to intersect in the form 
of an X. 

Decuaaated, (de-kus'&t-ed) a. Grossed ; inter- 
sected ;— growing in pairs, at right anglesL 

Decnaaation, (de-kns-a'shun) h. Act of orosEang 
at an angle; an intersection in tbef<ain of an X. 

Dedicate, (ded'e-kat) v. t [L. de and dieeirc, ti> 
declare.] To set apart and oonsecraie for .m 
sacred purpose;— to devote or give earnestly 
up to :— to inscribe a book toa patron or IHend. 

Dedieatioa, (ded-e>-ka'shun) n. Act of setting 
apart to the Divine Being, or to a aata^ use : 
solemn appropriation ; — an inscription of at beck 
to a patron or friend. 

Dedicator, (ded'e-kat-cr) n. One who dedi^tes. 

Dedioatory, (ded'e-k&-tor-e) a. Compoaing a 
dedication ; complimentary ; adulatoxy. 

Dedition,(de-diBh'un)/t. [Udcditio.] Tho act of 
yielding or surrendering. 

Deduce, (de-dusO v. t. [L. de and dveerv.] Tv» 
draw from ; to collect : — ^to derive by li^i:&l 
process ; to infer ; to gather from premiaea. 

Dedueement, (de-dfis'raent) n. The act of deduc- 
ing : that which is deduced ; infemxoa. 

Deduoible, (d&dus'e-bl) a. Cajpable of btdng 
gathered or inferred. 

Deduct, (de-duktO v. t. [L. deducere.} Tb take 
away, in calculating ; to subtract. 

Deduction, (do-duk'shmi) h. Act or method of 
inferring, or concluding : — that whidi is de- 
duced ; an inference ; a conclusicn : — act of 
deducting or taking away ; — that «1^^ is de- 
ducted ; abatement ; subtnsction ; diaoount^ 

Deduotive, (d£-duktlv) a. Capable of being 
deduced from premises ; deduoioie. 

DeduetiTely, (de-dukf iv-le) adt. By pioooas of 
reasoning from premises ; by inference. 

Deed, (ded) n. (A.-S. dtfd.] That whlc^ i» 
done, acted, oreffected;— illustrious act ; exploit. 
— a written contract or agreement. 

Deedleaa, (dedles) a. Inactive ; indolent ; n<3t 
having pezfbrmed deeds or exploits. 

D«n lap) a. IA.-0. ditip,] EiUnding lU 
uLv ttw nibee :— lor in BtiuUon :— ait«> 
log br ; pierciDg » graLt wjtj : cttaudiDf 
iKkt— hxldai ■ '--- '-"-- 

ildHfiung ; — «bjact ; dvpraBB 

aim : K^emn :-— thick : blBck: 

luiM : tnn .-— boullalt ; adbqUlw. 
Jtttr. (Sip) lufr. To ■ emt dspth ; br d 
jiuftmniU* : dmii. 
n«^ (d^S "- Tbilt ahich il daop ; tho : 

l«ih«D4l : — th« moat quidt vr piufomid 

IlnpcB. (dip'n) T. I. To ni»kB d«p or in 
tbsiisiKh dT:— tomakeduiurar man inl 

KlaT* tn Ions .—r. L To ben>mo HOTB dee 
Dti^, (deple) arfe. At or u a gr»t dap 

dTiTMH. (d^nei) u. ttUta ur quilitj of being 
flecp ; depth ; profnnditj. 
Ihcr. (dir) IL ifBsr. 1^ |<l. [A.-S. tl: 

t, (ds'fii'tya 

IM^htTCiU-CU'CT) «. 

IH° fSi. {d«-fsfc'W) oiir!"^' 
SiUstl, (d*-bl'kal) F. 1. [L. 

vod chifldf <:tf man*T, Ao. 

I ilu&iiiatioa ; — u tbfttadiDn of 

I ffwd4i«Pt dafldeney. 

[ T>if«»«lnj. (di-fuii'B-bn4)"a. 

Cmattoii J iidnjiDU to zvpntotion ; cd 
DAb«, (d«-(W) >' <■ (Ld(and/<i 
Td dMtnn tha toud (una or repatM 
■pdAk CTil of ; uanJBT ; aLnmnlAte. 

: Btbalt (dt-AtwIf) B. '" ' ' 
_. .1 -^-ih ought to 1 

It, (d«-fit) ■. [P. d^AlK.) ^OTirtiiniw, 

itiu, (ddf-S-ki'ihun) iL Adt of npanUng 
impnntmiHlaaordngi; — act ot TotdJnK 
mKDt bum tlw bodj-. 

JWeotCdi-f^f)!!. [UdfUwre.I Wuitoftomij- 
"*"■ Ibr oompletenoH or peri«ctinn; 

tl«£«Un, (de-fek't'lr) D. 'Wnnting In mib- 
Htuin, qoAntity. or qiuditj ; incomplvte ; iuadfl- 

DefKliWj, (dl-felitlv-lo) oili'. In b defectirB 

numner ; imperfectlx. 
SttOuM, (da-fonan «• H^ ilrfaidrrr.i Act of 

defending, or itat* of 1»ing defended^ — that 

milltnij ekill ;— flioking worki or baetione ^— 
ndbunoa; oppotition; — vLndicatioD; jiuLiaM- 

OafanodM*, (ditauflaii d. ' DoUtuta of de- 
! or protflction : unprotected, 
d, {rfc-fendT B, (, [L. A/mltrTl To drive 
'(t; — to pjvhlbit ;— to protects — 

IMBUin. (dt-feni'iT) 
proper for defence ;- 

DcfDuin, {de-feni^>) n. That nhlch defenili: 
a ufegnard -— Aa-ta of dafoDca or roietanca. 

Defor, (de-ferO I. (. [L, rit and fmr.] To ™t 
off^ to puntpone to a future tliua, — to lay 

o yield to the viabeaof 

. Regard;— a yielding to 

, {def^fr-eu'ehe^al) a. Eiprewing 
'enmce ; accuatomed to dafer. 
anoe, rde-n'ana) n. [Y.dtfun 


tempt of danger oi uppoaitlo 
Daflaat. (d«-(rant) o. Full of 

r oppoaitloa ; c 

'^^■-™ (ilS-fii'ui 
nDtitrini noil or Toit 
iirtiliil^ the force or operation Of. 
, DcCiuain(dM(s'e-b1)B. Ciiia]>leDf belngabio- 
fatol. wuiiiUed, or nuale Toid. 

r Ihlequatd auplily ;— UDparfeot ; inauffi- 

(deTeHdOn. fL, d<jfKrr) Deflcienej in 
Lt orniuUitT ; balance on the trnnigaide. 
(de filo i:. I. [A, -a, A'n.'.l To ™d«- 
r dirty ;— to make Impure or tniMd ;— tn 
'tnlly^ to tamlab.aanputaUon, 4cc. ;— to 




r. i. [L. di« and Jtlum.^ To march off file by 
file ; to file off. 

Defile, (de-f il') n. A narrow way in which troope 
can march only in a file, or with a narrow front; 
any long narrow pass. • ^ 

Defilement, (de-f il'ment) n. Act of defiling, or 
state of being defiled, physically or moially. 

Definable, <de-f in'a-bl) a. Capable of being de- 
fined, limited, or explained. 

Define, (d6-fin') v. t, [L. tU and ftniit.] To ex- 
hibit the boundaries of; to mark the limits of; 
— to dutermine witli precision; to mark out 
with disliuctness;— to fix tlie precise meaning 
of ; to ex^flain. 

Definite, (d(5f'in-it) a. Having certain limits; 
determinate in extent or greatnoai ; — having 
certain limits in signification ; precise ; fixed ; 
exact >— serving to define or I'estrict. 

Definitely, def 'in-it-le) udv. In a definite man- 
ner : exactly ; precisely. 

Deflniteness, (def 'in-it-nes) n. The state of being 
definite ; certainty of meaning. 

Definition, (def-e-nish'im) 91. A deecription of a 
thing by its properties ; an explanation of the 
moaning of a word or term ; — an exact enuncia- 
tion of the oousUtuents which make up the 
e^enoe of a being or substance. 

Definitive, (do-fin it-ir) u. Limiting ; determin- 
ing ;— determinate ; positive ; final ; express. 

Definitive, (de-fiu'it-iv) v. Tliat which defljies ; 
a word used to define or limit the signification 
of a common uotui. 

Definitively, (de-fin'it-iv-le) adv. In a definitive 
manner : finally ; positively ; expressly. 

Defiagrate, (def la-grut) r. i. [L. de and flag- 
ixtrc] To bum witli a sudden and spaikliug 

combustion; — v. t. To cause to bum vdth sudden 

and sparkling combustion. 

Deflagration, (def-Ia-gra'shun) n. A sudden and 

sparkling combustion ; oousutuption by firo 


Deflagrator, (def la-grftt-^r) n. A form of the 

voltaic battery for producing rapid combustion. 
' Deflect, (de-fiekf) v. i. [L. de Biid,itecl<rc.] To 

turn aside ; to deviate from a right course or 

<lirectiou ; — v. t. To cause to turn aside ; to divert 

from a true course or right line. 
Deflection, (dG-fiek shiui) n. Act of turning aside 

from a right line or proper couive ; deviation. 
Defloration, (def-ld-rft'shun) n. [h. dejloratio.] 

Cutting of the flower ;— act of ravishing. 
D<^ur, (de-flour^) v. t. [L. de and Jlos, flower.] 

To dex)rive of flowere;— to roj) of the choicest 

ornament ; — to deprive of virginity. 
Defluzion, (de-fluk'shun) n. [L. dejtutre.] A dis- 

cbaige or flowing off of humours. 
Deforce, (de-fors') r. t. [F. de forcer.^ To keep 

from the lawful ixwseadon of the owner. 
Deforoement, (du-fdrs'ment) n. A wrongful with- 
holding, as of lands or tenements, to which 

another haa a right. 
Deform, (de-form) v. t. [L. de 9a\d fonnare.^ To 

mar or alter in form; to disfigure; — to render 

displeasing or ugly ; to dishonour. 
Deform, (du-form') a. [L. dtfornus.^ Disfigured; 

having a distorted shape ; ugly. 
Deformation, (de-form-H'shun) n. Act of disfigur- 
ing or defacing. 
DeformedaoM, (de-form'ed-nes) n. Uglinees; a 

distortiMl or ungainly form. 
Deformity, (dMormVte) n. State of being de- 
formed: want of symmetry; inegulaiity of shape 

or featonw;— any thing tliat destroys beauty. 

grace, or propriety : — deviation fiom order ; — 
disproportion ; — disfigurement ; blemish. 
Defi».tta, (du-frawd') r. t. [L. de and fratufarr.l 
To deprive of right by deception or artifiiH: ; ti» 
withhold wrongfully; to ii^jure by embeade- 
ment ;— cheat ; pilfer. 
Defray, (de-fHLO v. t. [F. d4 and firtU, expenao.] 
To meet the cost of ; to bear or \xxy the exiJeubo 
of; to discharge. 

DeDrayment, (dS-&&'ment) 71. Faymentofcharpes, 
Deft, (deft) a. [A. -8. daft, from da/a«, to bu tit.] 
Apt: fit; dexterous; neat; handy. 
Deltly, (deftle) ude. Aptly; dexterously; nctntly. 
Deftness, (deffnes) n. Uandaomencw; ueatiii^ ; 
• beauty ; skill or dexterity in work. 
Dtfimct, (dC-iVuigkf) a. [L. de and funfri.] 
Having finished tlie course of life ; having done 
duty ; dead ; deceased. 

Defunot, (dC-fuugkt') n. A dead person ; one 

Defy, (de-fT) r.t. fP. d^^fier.] To ronounoe faith 
or obligation with; to refuse; — to provoke to 
combat or strife ; to challenge ; to brave. 
Degamish, (dS-gar'uish) (r. t. [K di and paruir. ] 
To strip of, as of furmtura or apparatr«s : — to 
deprive of a garrison or troops necessary fur 

Degeneracy, (de-Jen'cr-a'«e) n. Act of becoming 
inferior; a growing wone; — state of having 
become d^encrato ; — decay ; deterioratiou : 
Degenerate, (dC-jen'$r-tlt) v. t. [L. de and grnvf, 
birth.] To be or grow worse than one's kiud ; — 
to decay in good or valuable qiuditi<» ; to 
deteriorate ;— to be inferior ; to bo degraded. 
Degenerate, (dC-jen'(r-tlt) a. Having become 
worse thiui one's kind ; doclined in worth ; 
deteriorated ; degraded ; mean ; Ijasa. 
Degenerately, (de-jcn'er-&t-le) adv. In a de- 
generate manner ; unworthily. 
Degeneration, (de-jcn-fr-u'shuu) 11. Aci<tfgrn-vr- 
ing worse, or tlie state of having beeome vr€*t^^ ; 
— a decline from former virtue and wortii ; a 
gradual deteriomtion in plants and aniniaU. 
Degenerative, (de-jeu'cr-at-iv) a. Taiding to tie- 

Deglutition, (deg-loo-tisli'nn) n. ri-*- <ff and ph'- 
tiix.] Act of swallowing;— power of swaUowiijg:. 
Degradati o n. (deg-ra-dA'shun) 91. (F. from I.. 
gradtu.] Act of reducing in rank, chainctcr, or 
reputation ; abasement ; humiliation : — state of 
being reduced; disgrace;— a gradual wenriug 
down or wasting; — deposition; decline ; diniinn* 
Degrade, (de-griUI') r. t. To reduce from a higher 
to a lower rank or degree ; to deprive of oflicti 4 .r 
dignity ;— to reduce in choi-acter, or reputation ; 
— to wear do^vn, as hills and mountains ; lower: 
Degraded, (dC-grOd'ed) p. a. Reduoed in nutk, 
character, intellect, or roputation; sunken; hau^. 
Degree, (de-gre') «. [F. d(g%-i.] A Bteji ; an Ad- 
vance in space or time ; a step upward or doxd- 
v.-ard, in quality, rank, and the like ; — ^jxiixxt I0 
which a person has arrived ; position : stfttion : 
extent ; — grade or rank to a coliege or univcx- 
sity : — a iitfOth part of the circunilercucs of a 
cirole :— a space, or interval, marked as an a 
thermometer or baromoter. 
Defaiflcmoe, (de-hii'ons)7i. \h.dihixertJ\ Act uf 
gapmg ; — the opening of ixmIs and of the crlU 
of anthers at maturity, for emitting aeedsi, jiol- 
len, ka. 



DdusMttt, (dS-huCeai) a. Opening, at the cup- 
sale of a plant. 

Bchflrtatacy, (dd-hoziVtor-e) a. Fitted or de- 
si^nad to dianiade or wani againit. 

Bocide, (di^«-tSd) n. [L. dtu$ and eadere.] Act 
of pattiiag to death a being poaaenaing a divine 
natare; — act of patting Jesna Christ to death : 
— on« ooDoemed in putting Chxiat to death. 

Driftfatinw, (de-if-ik-a'ahnn) n. Act of deifying ; 
the act of enrolling among the heathen deities. 

Bfifarm, (dS'e-fomi; a. [L. deiu, a god^ and /or- 
tua,] lake a gdd ; of a godlike form. 

IkUj, (de'e-fi) V. (. [L. dens and facere, make.] 
To make a god of; — to treat as an ol^ect of 
mpremo regud ; to render godlike. 

Se^B* (dJLn) v. i. [F. daiffner.] To think 
worthy ; to oondeuend ; — v. t. To condescend 
to gire to ; tojdre or bestow ; to allow. 

BcO, (del) fu The Scottish word for the devil. 

BdflB, (<Mlzm) n. [L. deus.] The being of Qod; 
— belief in the existence of Gk>d ; — belief that 
God is not known otherwise than by the works 
of ztamre ; natural religion apart ftom revela- 
tion : — belief in the unity of God. 

2ktat. (deist) n. One who believes in a God ; a 
proftsBor of deism. 

Doafeical, (d«-ist1k-al) a. Pertaining to deism 
or to deists: embracing or containing deism. 

Jhktv, (dETiir^) n. [L.deuM.] Godhead : divinity: 
— the infinite, self-existing Spirit ; — tiie nature 
and essBBjOe of God: — the qualities or attributes 
of God; — a &bulous sod or goddess:— their na- 
ture and ftinctions:— the protection or help they 
were sapposad to give. 

Bejcet, (dft-jekf) v.t. and Jaeere.] To 
cast down, as the countenance: — ^to cast down 
the spirits of ;— <Usbearten ; fJTik, 

SejeeteAy, (d«-Jekfed-le) adv. In a dq'ected 
manner; ssdly. 

fiejeoCloB, (dfr-jek'shun) m. liswness of snirits 
omeaioneri by grief or misfortune ; melancnoly. 

Digeaan', (d»'zhd6-n&') n. [F. from Ll c2u(|e- 
htnart.1 A brealdSut ;— an early lundieon. 
nelafii, (de-lfln') n. A thin figured muslin for 
ladies' dzesMS. 
I Belnaa^(d8-lapOv-i [L. d<and<afti] TofiOl 
or dide down ; — ^to pass down by inheritance. 

Ddate, (dfl-Ut^ v.t [L. delatiu.] To bear a 

I charge against : to aocuse : to Inform against. 

t May, (de-Ift") v.t. To put ott: to defer;— to 

detidn, or hinder, for a time : to retard the 

moticn of :— V. i To linger ; to tany. 

May, (dft-l&O n. [F. d^lai.] A putting off or 

I deferring : — a lingering ; detention ; hindrance. 

Otfe, (ddi«) V.L (L. d€Ure.] Enm : remove;— 

a diieetioa to cancel something which has been 

{ pot in type—). 

' Mabla, (del'^bl) a. [L. deWtilU.] Capable of 
' being blotted oat^ 

j UriiwhMa, (d«-lekt'a-bl) a. lU deleetare.1 

Highly nle^ng: afiording great Joy or pleasure. 

' IMMtabfy, (dsTektVble) adv. In a delectable 

manner: deUghtfhUy. [delight. 

SeleatatiOB, (dfr-lek-ta'shnn) n. Great pleasure ; 

IMcfKtt, (del'e-gat) v.L {h. de and legate.] 

To send as one's representative : to' depute:— to 

intmat to the care or management of another. 

Oclagate, (defS-g&t) n. One commissioned to 

act for another;— deputy : a representative; a 


BslMatad* (del'e-gat-ed) a. Deputed; sent 
with • oammissioa to act for another. 


ZMegatioa, (del-fi-ga'shun) n. Act of delegating; 
— commlBsion; deputation. 
Delenda, (de-len'da) n.pU [L. dclere.] Things 
to be erased or blotted out. 
Delete, (de-letO v. t. [L. dtlere.] To blot out ; to 
erase; to destroy. 
Seletezioua, (del-e-te're-ua) a. Having the qual- 
ity of destroying;— destructive ; pemidous ; in- 
jurious, [erasing. 

Oeletion, (dS-lS'shun) n. Act of blotting out or 

Delf, (delf) n. Earthenware covered wiUi white 
glazing in imitation of chinaware or porcelain ; 
delft ware. 

Deliberate, (de-lib'{r-&t) v. t [L. de and librare.] 
To weigh in the mind; to consider maturely ; to 
reflect upon ; to ponder ;—v. i. To take counsul 
with one's self; to weigh the arguments for and 
against a proposed course of action;— debate ; 

Dtiiberate, (du-liVer-at)a. (Circumspect ; cau- 
tious ;— weighing facts and arguments witli a 
view to a choice or decision; carefully oou- 
sideiing probable conaequenoes ;— formed with 
deliberation ; well advised or considered ; slow. 

Deliberately, (dg-liVcr-at-le) adv. With careful 
consideration: slowly; advisedly. 

Deliberateneaa, (dS-lib'£r-&t-nes) n. Quality of 
being deliberate. 

Deliberation, (d6-lib-cr-&'shun) n. Act of de^ 
liberating ; careful consideration ; — diacussiou ; 
consultation ; — coolness ; prudence. 

Deliberatiye, (de-lib'^r-ut-iv) a. Pertaining to 
deliberation ;— having power or right to discuss 
and determine. 

Delieaoy, (dere-kft-se) n. [F. d^licatessie.} State 
of being delicate ;— fineness of form, texture, or 
constitution ; frailty or weakness ; — propriety of 
manners or conduct; susceptibility or tenderness 
of feeling ; effeminacy ; — refined perception and 
discrimination ; critical niceness ; — something 
ideasant to the senses, upecialljf to the sense 
of taste ; a dainty. 

Delieate, (del'e-kat)'a. [L. dtlicatva, ftom de- 
licia:] Full of pleasure ; pleasing to the senses; 
dainty ; nice ;— lightly or softly tinted ; — ^fine or 
slender ; — sli^t or smooth ; light and yielding; 
— soft and fair;— refined; tender : requiring nice 
handling ; — zdoely discriminating ; — elegant ; 
gentle ; effeminate ; fastidious. 

Delicately, (del'e-kiit-le) adv. In a delicate 
manner : daintily ; tenderly. 

Delicateneas, (defe-knt-nos) n. State of being 

Deliciona, (de-lish'e-us) a. [L. delicia.] Afford- 
ing eixquisite pleasure ; most sweet or grateful 
to the senses, especially to the taste; charming. 

Delioionaly, (dS-lish'e-ua>le) adv. In a delicious 

DeHeienmeaa, (de-lish'e-us-nes) n. Quality of 
being very pleasing to the taste or mind. 

Delight, (dd-UtO n. A high degree of pleasure or 
happiness ; — that which affords delight 

Ddigfat, (dS-litO v.t [O. Eng. delite.] To 
afford Joy, great satisfaction, or sxipreme con- 

• tent ; — v. i. To have or take great pleasure. 

Ddighted, (de-llt'ed) p. a. Full of deliglit or 
pleasure; charmed; gratified ; JoyAil. 

Delightfhl, (de-lit'fddl) a. Affording great 
pleasure and satisfiiction ;— charming; enjoy- 
able, [delight; charmingly. 

DelightftiUy,(d»-liffMMe)adv. In a manner to 

Delightftdnesa, (dS-liffMl-nes) n. Quality of 
being delightfiil or yielding pleasure. 




Dulftfiflim. (dfl'Iitles) a. Aflbiding nopl w w mi i i . 

IMiiMat*, (d0-lin'«-at) v.t. (L. d€ »ad linean,] 
To *<*>ign«»^ 1)j linear drmwing; to skMefa ; to 
make a dnn^t of, ai a plan or m^ ; — to dzaw 
a Ukeneei oT; to portray ;— to ezpreM by Terbal 
deicTiption ; to exhibit, aa character, to. 

DeliaeatioB, (de-Un-«-ft'flhiin) n, [U ddineatio.] 
Act of portiaying, aa bj lines, diagnune, 
■ketches, Aa ;— repres e n t ati on bj langoage; 
Terbal description. [atea. 

]>elineator, (de-lin'd-ftt-cr) n. One whodeline- 

Delinqneney, (dfl-lin'kwen'Se) n. lUlnra or 
omiflsion of duty ; fkolt ; offence ; crime. 

Selinqaent* (de-Unlcwent) a. Fsiling in dntjr ; 
offending bT neglect of duty. 

Selinqaent, (de-linliwent) n. [L. de and linjuere. ] 
One who fitila to p erform his duty; one who 
commits a ikolt or crime. 

Deliaqaently, (dfi-lin^went-le) adv. In a ftolty 
or neglaetftil manner. 

l>eliquesce. (del-e-kweO *•*• \Jj- de and liqvLere.} 
To dissolre gradoally and become liqold by 
abiorbiog moisture ttova. the air. 

Deliqueacenoe, (del-e-kwes'eiis) n. Act or state 
of being deliquescent. 

Seliqaeaeent, (del-e-kwes'ent) a. Liquefying in 
the air; meltina ftom moisture. 

Selirioua, (d»-lix^us) a. Having delirium; wan- 
dering in mind ; lightheaded; insane. 

DelirioQaly, (dfi-lir'e-us-le) adv. In an insane or 
deliiiona manner. 

SelirionaneM, (dfi-lir'o-na-nes) n. State of being 
delirious; delirium. 

Deiihom, (dfi-lirVum) n. [L. (f« and 'lira.] A 
fever of the brain : a frenzied state of mind ; 
wandering of the mind, characterized by wild 
incoherent ideas, and strange or fearful Tisiona 

Delitetceaoe, (del-e-tes'ens) n. [L. de laUre.] 
Btate of being concealed; retirement; ob- 

SeUver, (dS-Uv'cT) v. t [F. d/livrer.] To free 
from restraint; to set at liberty ; to save from 
evil : — to give or transfer;— to communicate : — 
to discharge; — to relieve of a child in child- 
birth : — pronounce ; utter. 

X>eliTeraBoe, (de-liv'fir-ans) n. [F. ddlivranee.] 
Act of freeing ftt>m restnunt, peril, and the like; 
— ^state of being delivered ; freedom ; gift or 
transfer ;— act of bringing forth children ;— «ct 
of pronouncing ; utterance of opinion. 

Behverer, (de-liv'cr-tr) n. One who delivers. 

Bcliveiy, (dfi-liv'tr-e) n. Act of delivering; 
rescue : release ;^surrender; — ^utterance; pro- 
nunciation ; elocution ;— parturition :~«tate of 
being delivered ; freedom ; preservation. 

Sail, (del) n. [A. -8. (Uhle.) A smaU retired 
valley between two hills ;— a hollow place. 

Selphme, (del'fin) a. [L. delphimi$.] Per- 
taining to the dolphin, a genus of marine fishes. 

Delta, (derta) n. The Greek letter A: —the space 
between two mouths of a river, primarily 
applied to the space at the mouth of the Nile. 

Deltoid, (del'toid) a. [G. delta and eidos.] Ro- 
sembling the Greek A (delta) ; triangular. 

Deltoid, (del'toid) n. The muscle of the shoulder 
which moves the arm. 

Delude, (de-ludO v. t. (L. di and luden.) To 
lead from tmtii or into error ; to mislead the 
mind or Judgment of ; to disappoint ; to impose 
on : deceive ; beguile ; cheat. 

Delttdar, (dfi-iad'^r) n. One who deceives. 

DeluM, rderCM) «. [F. diluge.] An overflowing 
of the land by water ; an inundation ; a flood ; 

«specia{/y the great flood in the days of Noah : 
— any thing which orerwhelmi^ as a gxvat 

Daliift, (del'iy)r. t. To overflow, as with water : 
to inundate; to drown ; — to overwhelm or aink 
under a general or spreading calamity. 

DsliiiiflD, (dA-ltt'zhun) n. [L. deltuio.] The act 
of delndfng ; deception ; a wialeading of the 
mind ;— the state or being deludad ; false belief ; 
erroneous conception ; vain tBDcr. 

Dtfaiihre,(dS-ia'siv)a. Fitted t9 delude ; tending 
to mislead the mind ; deceptive ; beguiling. 

Deliiaocy, (dfi-la'sor-e)a. Ai& to delude; delusive; 

Dalva, (delv) r. t. [A.-S. del/an.} To dig : to open 
with a ^ade :— to penetrate ;^r. L To labour 
with the spade. 

Delver, (delv'cr) n. One who digs with a spade. 

Dema^ietize, ^fr-mag^net-is) v. t [Fh>m de and 
moffTuiize. ] To denri ve of magnetic polarity ; — 
to restore from a ueep-waking state. 

DemagOfoe, (dem'a-goe) n. [G. d^mo* and a^n.] 
A leader of the people ; a political orator who 
■ways or influences uie commonalty, usually by 
specious arts and to bad ends. 

Demand, (dfi-mand^ v. t. [L. de and mandare.} 
To ask or call for, as one who has a claim, right, 
or power ; to ms^e requisition of ;— to enquire 
earnestly or au^oritativelT ; to question ; — ^to 
require as necesaary or useful ; to be in need of. 

DeBaand, (dfimandO n. Act of demanding ; re- 
quisition; exaction;— eiimest inquiry; question ; 
—rightful claim ; due ; — the asking of a prico 
for goods ; or the price asked ; — ^the desire to 
purdiase, as goods, or the degree iix which they 
are desired ; great request. 

DcsnandaUe, (de-mana a-bl) a. Capable of being 

Damaadant, (de-mand'ant) n. One who demands; 
a plaintiff in a legal action. 

Demaroation, (do-mArk-ft'shun) n. [F. d4mar* 

Ser.] Act of marking a limit ^-« limit or 
und ascertained and fixed. 
Demean, (de-mSnO v.t. (F. demener, tnmrr.] 

To manage ; to conduct ; to treat ;— to behava 

one's selt [Fhmi de and in«an.] To debaae ; to 

Demaanom', (dS-men'er) n. Manner of behaving ; 

conduct ;— behaviour ; deportment: bearing. 
Dementia, (dS-men'she-a) n. [L.] Insanity; — a 

partial or incipient loss of reaaon : iktuity. 
Iiemerit, (de-mcr'it) n. [F. di and mirite.j That 

which deserres bhune; misconduct; fiiult; — iil- 

Demeraioa, (de-mcr'shun) M. Act of plunging 

into a fluid ; immersion. 
DtBUMmerisa, (de-mes'mer-iz) v.t. [Ptom de and 

metmerize,] To relieve from mesmeric influence. 
Doneane, (d6>m8n0 n. [O. Eng. demajmt.} A 

manor house, and the lands attached to it. 
Demi, (dem'e) ft. [F. from L. dimidium, half.} 

A prefix, signifying half, used only in compool. 

Demi-god, (dem'e-god) n. A fabulous hero, 

imagmed to be produced by the cohabitation of 

a deity with a mortaL (frtmt. 

Demi-lune, (dem'e-liin) n. A work oonstmoted in 
Demiiable, (dS-miz'a-bl) a. Capable of being 

demised or leased. 
Demise, (d&-mli0 n. [F. dimettre:] Trmiwmia. 

sion by formal act or will to an heir or suoceasor ; 

— transfer of the crown to a successor; benoe, 

death of a king; death in ganenl ; deoeaM. 



!>***<•% {d9-mbf)r.t. Totmumitbjtaooeiiloa 
or inbflritenos : to bequeath. 

SemiMmiqnaver, (dein'0'rail'e-kwft'T{T) n. A 
dKirt notB, eqnal in 
time to the half of a 
•eitti<iaaTer, or to the 
thirty eeeonii part of 
a whole note. 

Bcaiuian, (49-mUh'- 
un) u. [li. demwtio.] A letting down or low- 
ering : dopreerion : dBgradation ; hiunUiation ;— 
roiiznation of an office. , « , 

Demit, (dfi-mitO «. »• IL. <& and mttttrt.^ To let 
Ul ; to depxen ; to lay down, as an office ;— to 
Tiefci or anDmit . . _ , 

Deai-tint, (dem'e-tint) n. A gradation of oolonr 
>ietween poaitiTe light and poritiTe ihade. 

Demoexacj, (de-mornt'ie) n. [Q. dimoi and 
/ "itdn.} Republican goremment ; a form of 
grrTemmant in which the jMwer rasides in the 
L iljectivo body of the people ;— the principles 
bvlil by one of the two chief parties in the 
Uuitod Statea 

3>e3ioorat, (dern'o-bat) n. One who is an ad- 
Lervnt or promoter of democracy. 

Demecxatiflal, (dem-o-kratlk-al) a. Pertaining 
to dfmocracy; oonstracted upon the principle of 
pt/pulor goTemment;— fiiTouring popular righta 

DemoczAttoaX^, (demO-krafik-al-Ie) adv. In a 
d-^mocratical manner. 

Bemoliah, (de-morish) v.t [L. from de and 
.i»»/kr».] To throw or pull down; 'to pull to 

j.iooin ; to ruin ;— dismantle ; raze. 

Tmmrlitiffn, (dS-mo-Ush'un) n. [L. demolitio.] 
A-x vt polling down, or destroying a pile or 
friracture; ruin; destruction. 

Demon, (dd^mon) n. [O. daimOn.^ A spirit hold- 
j4^ a middle place between men and the gods ; — 
a departed soul : — an eril spirit : a deriL 

Deasooiae, (dB-md^ne^) a. [L. damoniaeu*.] 
I'ertAuung to, or resembling, demons ;— influ- 
enced or produced by demons or eyll spirits. 

Deaiosiiae, (de-md'ne-ak) n. A human being 

jKiabaBaed 1^ a demon or CTil spirit 

Demcstelatry, (d6-mon-ol'a-trB) n. [Q. daimon, 
demon, and latreia,] Woruiip of demons or 
of evil sfnrite. 

DeDMHsology, (d8^mon-oI'o-je) n. .[O. daimon and 
''>^^J A treatise on demons or eril spirits, and 
tbeir nature and agency. 

Deaanstrahle, (d6-mon'stra*bI) a. Capable of 
betas iibmanstrated ; admitting of decisiTe 

(dS-mon'stra-bl-nes) n. The 
q-aality of being demonstrable. 

DcaaensferaUj, (ol^mon'stra-ble) adv. In a mao- 
ser to prove or pnt beyond doubt. 

DesoAitzaie.(de-mon'strat) v.t [L. d« and mtm- 
itmrt.) To point out; to indicate; to mani- 
fe*^ ;•— to proTe or establish so as to exclude 
fifuh^ or denial. 

DecM&atnUiea, (dem-on-etrS'shun) n. Act of 
shoring or making clear ; exhibition of truth ; 
pri^Ting by eridenoe :— conclusive proof ;—«xlu- 
Ution and description of an anatomical sub- 
ject ;— di^lar of the feelings : pretence :— an 
«xhibitian of force, or movement of troops as 
if to attaok :— a publio ceremony iu fiivour of 
a lanee or party. 

DcmoBwtimtrre, (d8-mon'str:it-iv)a. Proving 
bv evidence; exhibitihg with deamess ;— «x- 
ireBstng or inclined to express one's feelings or 

DeoieiiBtntiTalj, (dS-mon'strftt-iv-Ie) adv. In 
a manner fitted to denumstrate; clearly; openly; 

BemoraliiatMB, (de-mor-al-ix-&'Bhnn) n. The 
act of corrupting morals ; the act of subverting 
discipline, courage, Ao. 

DemoralJxe, (de-mor'al-iz) v.t [F. ddmcraliier.] 
To destroy or undermine the moxals of ; to cor- 

Demotie, (d§-mofik) a. [0. dimo$, the peoplaj 
Pertaining to the people ; popular ; common. 

Demuloent, (de-mul'sent) a. [L. demulcere.] 
Softening: soothing; mollifying. 

Denmr, (d«-mar^ v. i. [P. dfmeurer.] To delay: 
to pause; to suspend proceedings; — ^to raise an 

Demur, (d6-mtii0 n. Stop ; pause ; hesitation as 
to proceeding: suspense of decision or action. 

Demure, (dfi-mur^ a. [F. de tnaurM.] Of sober 
or serious mien ;— modest in outward seeming ; 
making a show of gravity. 

Demtmuy, (de-murle) tfrf r. In a demure manner. 

Demttrsnesa, (dfi-mQi'nes) n. Gravity of coun- 
tenance ; soberness : modest manner. 

Demuzrage, (d5>mui'lV|) n. Detention of a vessel 
by the fireighter beyond the time allowed ; — 
payment made for such detention. 

iMDuzrer, (de-mur'sr) n. One who demurs :— a 
stop in an action; — an issue upon a point uf law. 

Demy, (de-mf) n. A size of paper between royal 
and crown, which measures 22| inches by 18 

Den, (den) n. [A.-S. dm.] A cave or hollow 
place in the earth ;— a place of resort ; a haunt; 
— the cave of a wild beast 

Denary, (den'ar-e) a. [L. denariu*.] Containing 
ten; tenfold. 

Denary, (den'ar^) n. The number ten. 

Denatumaliae, (de-nash'nn-al-Iz) v. t [From de 
and natiojialize.] To divest of national charac- 
ter or rights. 

Denaturalise, (dS-nafar-al-ls) v. t. [From de and 
naturalize.] To render unnatural ; to alienate 
from nature. 

Dendroid, (den'droid)a. [O. dendron^ and eidot.] 
Resembling a sltrub or tree in form. 

Dendrology, (den-droro-Je) n. [O. dendron and 
logos.] A tnatise on trees; the natural history 
of trees. 

Deniable, (de-nf a-bl) a. Capable of being con- 
tradicted or refkised. 

Denial, (de-nl'al) n. Negation ;— allegation of 
untruth ; contradiction ;— refhsal to graikt ; — 
refusal to acknowledge ; disowning of claims or 
tnterests* rejection of the truth or faith. 

Denier, (d6-ni'gr) «. One who denies, contra- 
dicts, or refuses. 

Denizen, (den'e-zn) n. (Norm. F. deinsrein.] A 
naturalized dtiaen: — an alien admitted U> resi- 
dence and certain rights in a country;— an in- 
habitant [to enfninchiiw. 

Denisen, (den'e-zn) v. t. To make a denizen ; 

Denominate, (de-nom'in-at) r. (. (li. de and 
nomen.] To give a name or epithet to; to 
charactetiae ; to designate. 

Denomination, (dS-nom-in-a'shun) w. [L. denomi- 
natio.] Act of naming;— that by which any 
thing is denominated; a name, efpecially, a 

gneral name indicating a class ;— a collection of 
dividuals called by the same name; a sect; 
division or body. 

Denominational, (dS-nom-in-a'shun-al) a. Re- 
nting to a distinctive body of the same class. 




DtnMBJaative, <d»-nom'iii-&MT) a. Oonfemng 
a nuna or title;— ponaMiDg a distinct dedg- 
Jhnoadnaiat, (dB-nom'in-ftt^) n. One who, or 
that which, s^vee a name;— that namher bebiNc 
the line in ynl^ir fiactions, which ahowi into 
manf parti the integer ie divided. 
]>eaalaue, rde-n5fa-bl) a. Capable of being 
marked or dgnided. 
Denote, (dd-nof) r. ^ \Jj. de and notare.) To 
indicate ; to noint out ; to marie ;— to signity; to 
betokcna: to intend. 
Denooement, (da-n6d-m&ngO *t. [F. de end nouer. ] 
The development at a plot, as in a play or 
novel : — the final iane or result 
Senounoe, (de-nouns') v. t. [L. de and nuneiare.] 
To give official notioe of: to declare; — to 
inform against; to accuse publicly; to stigma- 

Benonneement, (de-noans'ment)n. Notification 
or aunonnoement ; menace ; threat 
Sense, (dens) a. [L. deruus.] Having the con- 
stituent parts closely united ; cloee ; compact ; 
thick ; heavy ; opaque. 
Densely, (densle) adv. In a dense manner. 
Densi^, (dens'e-te) n. Quality of being close or 
thick; compactneM ;— the proportion in a body 
or mass of its weight to its bulk or volume. 
Dent, (dent) n. (F., U dens, a tooth.] The 
mark made by a blow ; indentation. 
Dent, (dent) v. t. To make a notch, hollow, or 
depression in ; to indent. 
Dental, (denVal) a, [L. detu.] Pertaining to 
the teeUi ; — ^formed by the aid of the teeth. 
Dental, (dent'al) n. An articulation or letter 
sounded by tlie teeth and the tongue. 
Dentatcd, (dent'at^) a. [L. dentattUf from 
deruA Toothed; sharply notched ; serrata 
Dentea, (dent'ed) a. Impxessed with little hol- 
Denticle, (denVe-kl) n. [L. denticulutf dim of 
dent.] A small tooth or projecting point 
Dentioulation, (den-tik-a-k'stiun) n The state 
of being set with small notches or teeth, as a 
saw. [ma.] Having the form of teeth. 

Dentiform, (dentVform) a. [L. den» and for- 
Dentifrioe, (denfe-fria) n. [L. dena And/rkai-e.] 

A powder used in cleaning the teetli. 
Dentist, (dent'ist) n. [L. dai*. ] One who cleans, 
eztinots, reiiaJri, or fills natural teeth, and 
inserts artifitial ones. 
Dentistry, (dent'ist-re) n. The art of a dentist. 
Dentition, (den-tish'un) a. [L. dentitio.] The 
natural formation and development of the 
teeth ; — the system uf teeth p^^uliar to an 

Denudation, (de-nu-da'shun) n. Act of strip- 
ping off covering ; a niakiiig bare. 
DBaude, (de-nudO v. t. [L. de and nudaPe.] 
To divest of covering : to make bai« or naked ; 
to strip. 

Dennnoiate, (de-nun'ae-Jlt) v. t, [L. denunciare.] 
To denounce; to threaten; to condemn publicly. 
Denunoiation, (de-nun-se-a'shuu) n. Act of de- 
nouncing ; solemn declaration ; formal accusa- 

Denunciator, (dS-nun'se-Ht-^r) n. One who de- 
nounces, threatens, or accuses another. 
DenunoiiUorjr, (du-nun'se-a-tor-e) a. Containing 
a denunciation ; minatory ; accuiiing. 
Deny, (do-nf) v. U [F. denier.] To contradict ; 
to gainsay : to declare not to be true ;— to refuse; 
to x^ect i~te withhold ;— to disown ; to abjure. 

DeohstraoBt, (dA^b'strdo-ant) n. A medicine 
which removes obstmctioDs and opens the 
natoxai passages of the body. 
Deodonsatioa, (dfi-o-dcr-is-a'ihun) n. Act of 
ivmoving foul air, or process by which it is 
neatraliwd. [odour or impurities. 

Deodariie, (dS-Vd^r-Is) v.L To depiive of 
Deontekgy, (d8-on-to1'o-Je) n. {Q. dton^ neces- 
aary, and logo*, disoouxsa] Hm sdenoe of 
positive duty or moxal obligation. 
Deoxidate, Deoxidise, or Deoxygenate, (de-oks'- 
id-at,) V. (. [From de and oxidate.] To deprive 
of oxygen or reduce from the state of an oxide. 
Dcoxidation, (d6oks-idH'shuu) n. Act or pro- 
cess of reducing from the state of an oxide. 
Depart, (de-p4zt^ v. «. [L. de and partiri.] To 
go forth or away : to separate from a place or 
person ;— to quit this world; to die .'— to deviate; 
to vary. 

Department, (de-p&rt'ment) li. [F. diparUmeni.] 
A division;— s part or porUon; — a distinct 
ooune of life, action, study, or the like;— sub- 
division of business or official duty ;— teiritorial 
division. [to a department 

Departmental, (d&-p&rt'ment-al) a. Pertaining 
Depaitore, (do-p&rt'or) n. Act of going away ; 
removal from a place ;— death ; decease ;— ^fe- 
viation or abandonment 
Depastore, (dfi-pas'tur) v. f. [L. de and pasci.] 
To eat up; to consume ; — v. t. To feed ; to graze. 
Depend, (d8-pend') v.i. (L. de and pendire.] To 
hang ; to be sustained by something above ; — to 
be in suspense ; — ^to rely for support ; to stand 
related to any thing, as an efficient cause or 
condition, Ac. ;— to rest with confidence ; u> 
confide ;— to be in a condition of service. 
Dependence or Dependanoe, (ds-pend'ens) n. [L. 
dependentia.] llie act or the state of depend- 
ing ;— suspension ttom a support ;— subjection 
to the action of a cause or law ; — ^muttud con- 
nection;— subjection to another; inability to 
help or provide for one's self ;— ocmfidence ; x^eli- 
ance ; trust 

Dependency or Depesdaney, (d6-pend'en-se) n. 
State of being dependent ; — a conseqitence, 
subordinate, satellite, or the like ; — a colony. 
Dependent, (de-pend'ent) a. Hanging down ; — 
relying on^ or subject to ; subordinate. 
Dependent, (dS-pend'ent) n. One who is sna- 
tained by. or wno relies on another; a retainer. 
Dependently, (de-pond'ent-le) adv. In a de- 
pendent manner. 
Depict, (de-pikf) v. t, [L. de and pingere.] To 
form a painting or picture of ; to portray ; — ^to 
represent in woxds : to describe. 
Depicture, (de-plkt'ilr) v.t. To represent in 
oolonrs or in words. 

Deidlatoxy, (dS-pil'O-tor-e) a. [L. depilare.] 
lEfaving power to remove the hair and nuike 
bolder bare. 
Depilatory, (de-pil'ft-tor^) n. An external appli- 
cation for removing hair. 

Delete, (de-plStO v. t. [L. cfe and plere.] To 
empty the vessels by Teneseotion ;— to eidLBODt 
the strength of. 

Depletion, (dS-pie'shun) n. Act of depleting or 
emptying ; — venesection ; blood-lettiug. 
Depletory, (d&-pl3'tor-e) a. Calculated to deplete, 
or reduce fulness of habit 

Deplorable, (dc-plor'a-bl) a. That which is to be 
deplored or lamented ;— that which causes ^ef 
or unavailing regret; — giievoos;— miserable; 




(di-plor'a-U-Bm) ffk Btetoof 
boing dopknable. 

D^lorably, (dd-pldr'a-ble) ocIp. In a manner to 
Iw d4plorai ; miwiiiiTiljr 

DtploB*, <d«-pLOiO «. t. [Ll df and j>;or(i9«.] To 
wnp oT«r ; to bewail ; to feel or expreee deep 
and poignant grief for ; to regret the loie of ; 

Deplaj, (d^ploT^ «. (. [F. ddployer.] To extend 

in a long or narrow line, aa troops ; — v. i. To 

open ; to extOMl in line. 

Deplaanatioa, (dep-lfi-m&'ahnn) n. The itrip> 

ping or fifJling oflT of pLumea or feathen; 

I, CdS-plflmO v.t, and pliima, 
.] To deprire of plumes or plumage ; — 
iolftybare; toezpoee. 

(dS-pol-fr-iZ'&'ahun) n. 

by which any sahstanoe loees its polarity. 
Pepalafi—, ((W-pof cr-is) v. L (From de and pol- 

umt, ] To defwi Te of polarity. 
Sefoae, (d£-pdn') v.t [L. de and ponne.] To 

lay dovm. aa a wager :— «. i. To teetliy upon 

oatb ; to depose ; — ^io niaka an aasertion ; to give 


(de-iwn'ent) a. [K devonenf.] HaT- 
iog a paasiTe form with an ActtT« meaning— 
■ud of onrtain Latin Terbs. 
Pspenent, (dd-pon'ent) n. One who gives testi- 
mony upon oath:— a witnees;— a deponent verb. 
DepopiJAte, (d«-po|/ai&t) v. t [L. f£fpopu(ari.] 
To dative of inliabitant*, to lay waste inha- 
bited oonntries ; — v. i. To become dispeopled. 
SepofsUaftMB (d8-pop-u-lA'shan) n. Act of de- 
stroying mankind ; navoc : laying waate. 
Depesi* (dfr-portO v.t. {L. de and portare,] 
To traaaport; to oany away; to exile; — ^to 
demean : to induct ; to behave. 
Depertatie«i, (de-p6Tt-&'flhun) n. Act of deport- 
ing at state of bdng deported. 
Ospin tuiaut, (d8>p6rrmeni) n. [F. deportement.] 
Conduct; managemisnt;— -oarriage ; behavionr. 
PtyeMahla, (de-pte'a-bl) a. Citable of being de- 
pusod. [vesting of office. 

Tiipeaal, (dS-pte'al) n. Aet of deposing, or di- 
Jspsasi (dft^dO v.t. [F. dipoier.) To Uy 
down : to let fall ;— to degrade : to divest of 
cOce ;— to bear written testimony to ; to aver 
apon oath .—v.t. To bear witnen ; to testify 
by depoaition ; to attest. 

Pepsait, (dd-pca'it) v.t. [L. deponere.] To Uy 
down : to plaoe ;— to lay np or aside ; to store ; 
— to commit to the enacody of another ; to place 
in a bank, aa a som of money ^->to let fall, aa a 

Hrpailr, (de-posfit) n. That which is laid or 

thrown down ; matter precipitated ftom a 

LqQid :— that which is intraatsd to theoare of 

another ;— money left with a banker ; a pledge 

givoo ia eecnrity ; earnest : pawn. 

SeMMteiy, (dfl-poa^it«r-e) n. A person with 

wkom any thing is left in tmat : a guardian. 

TlepwHiaii. (ilD jifi rinh'nn) n Act of depositing : 

precipitation ;— act of setting aside a pubUo 

sfllear ; removal;— matter laid or thrown down; 

sediment ; act of giving evidence ; testimony 

noder oath. [deposit. 

Dcpemtor, (dH»^^') **• ^* ^^^ makes a 

OeBo^tery* (d«-poc'e-tor-e) a. A plaoe where 

any thing is deposited for sale or safe keeping. 

Anat. (d6-pd7 a. [F. dipdt.] A plaoe of deposit; 

a atorahoMe ;— • military station where stores 

aiw kcpl» or whaxa reecuite are drilled j—tha 

headquarten of a regiment }—a goods station ; 
headquarters for rollmg stock. 
Depravation, (dep-ra-va'shun) n. Act of cor- 
rupting ; — stete of being depraved; corruption. 
Seimve, (d&-pravO v. t. [L. de and jrravuM.] 
To make bad or worse ;— vitiate ; contaminate ; 

Irapravity, (dS-praVe-to) n. \ and praritas.] 
The stete of being depraved or corrupted ; ex- 
treme wickedness ;— corruption ; vice. 
Depreeato, (dep're-k&t) v. t. [L. de and preeari.} 
To pray against ;— to seek to avert by praj er ; 
to pray for deliverance from ; to regret deeply ; 
to implore mercy of 

Depreoatioa, (dep-re-k&'shun) n. Act of depre- 
cating ; prayer that an evil may bo removed or 
prevented ; — entreaty for pardon. 
SepreNcatery or Depreeative, (dep're-ka-tor-e) a. 
Having the form of entreaty or prayer ; — ^tend- 
ing to remove or avert evil. 
Depreoiate, (de-prS'sbe-ftt) v. i. [L. de and pre- 
(ivm.] To put at a lower price: to lessen the 
value of;— to undervalue ;— v. t. To fall in 
value : to become of less worth. 
Depreoiation, (de-pre-she-ft'shun) n. Act of les- 
sening, price or value ; — running down of merit 
or character; — falling in value; reduction of 
SepreoiatiTeorBe^toiatoiy, (dS-pr§'Bhe-&t-.iv) a. 

Inclined to underrate ; tending to depreciate. 
Depredate, (dep'r^-dat) v. t. [L. de and %n<xdaH.'\ 
To subject to plunder and pillage; to despoil; 
to lav waate ; to devour. 
Depreoation, (dep-re-da'shnn) n. The act of 
plundering or laying waste ; the act of making 
Incundona or inroads on;— waste; spoil; con- 

Depredatory, (dep'rC-dll-tor-e) a. Plundering ; 
spoiling ; roving to pillage. 
Depresa, (de-pres') r. t. [L. de and premcrc.} 
To press down ; to cause to sink ;— to bring 
down or humble ; — to cast a gloom upon ; to 
dispirit; — ^to embarrass, as trade, &c. ;— to lessen 
the price of ; to cheapen. 

Draresaioa, (de-presh'un) n. [L. dtpreesio.'] Act 
of pressing, or stete of being pressed down ;— a 
hollow or cavity ;— a falling in or sinking of the 
surface ;— a low stete of the mind or spirits ; 
dejection; — hnmiliation; abasement; — a low 
stete of buainese or trade. [doprcfis. 

Depressive, (de-pree'iv) a. Able or tending to 
Deprivati<m, (dep-re-va'sbun) n. The act of 
depriving ; — the stete of bning dejirivcd ; loes ; 
bereavement , — deposition ; degradation. 
Deprive, (de-privQ r. t. [L. de and prxvait.'] To 
take away ; to remove ; — to divest ; — to disi)os- 
sess of dignity, especially of ecclesiastical dignity. 
Drath, (depth) n. [From d«ep.] Deepness; the 
distance or measure downwards ;— a deep jiLice; 
the sea ; the ocean : abyss ; a dark gulf ;— pro- 
fVindity ; unsearchableness; mystery ;— extent of 
penetration, as of understanding or knowledge ; 
—the middle or inner part of a thing. 
Deputation, (dep-tl-ta'shun) n. Act of deputing; 
—the person or persons oommissionod by an- 
other to act on his behalf. 
Depute, (de-pflf) v. t. [L. deputare.] To sefid 
with a special commission ;— to appoint as sub- 
stitute or agent ; to delegate. 
Deputy, (dep'fl-te) n. [P. d^puti.] One ap- 
pointed as the substitute of another, and 
empowered to act for him ;— representetive ; 
delegate : envoy ; agent ; ftctor. 



Derange, (de-r&i\j') v.t [F. diranger.] To put 
out of pmoe, order, or rank ; to throw into oon- 
f^on, embarmsament, or disorder;— to disturb 
in the action or function ;— to disorder the in- 
tellect ; to render insane. 

Derangement, (de-r&nj'ment) n. Act of derang- 
ing, or state of being deranged ; 4i'order ; 
eipeeially, mental disorder; oonfonon; die- 

Derelict, (dfir'e-Iikt) a. [L. de and relinquen.] 
ForsiUcen by the rightfid owner; abandoned. 

Derelict, (dsr'e-lik^ n. A thing voluntarily 
abandoned -r-pL Goods found at sea. 

Dereliction^ (dgr-fi-Iik'shun) n. Act of learing 
with an intention not to reclaim ; abandon- 
ment : — state of being abandoned. 

Deride, rdS-ridO v. i. [L. iU and ridirtJ] To 
laugh at with contempt; to make sport of; 
mock; taunt. [sion or mockery. 

Deiidingly, (d§-xid'lng-le) adv. By way of derl- 

Derision, (de-rizh'un) n. [L. derUw.] Act of 
deriding, or state of being derided ; mockexy ; 
an object of contempt ; a lau^ing-stook. 

Derisive, (de-risly) a. Expressing, or charao- 
teriied by, derision ; mocking ; ridionling. 

Derivable, (de-riVa-hl) a. Capable of being 
derived ; txamsmisalbla ; communicable ; deduo- 

Derivation, (der-e-vu'shun) n. The act of draw- 
ing or deducing ftom ;— lact of tracing origin or 
descent, as in grammar or genealogy ;— 4tate or 
method of being derived; — that whidi is de- 
rived : a derivative ; a deduction. 

Derivative, (de-riVftt-iv) a. Obtained l^ deriva- 
tion ; derived ; secondary. 

Derivative, (de-riv'at-iy) n. That which is de- 
rived, obtained, or deduced from; a word 
formed finom another word by a prefix or suffix. 

Derivatively, (de-riv'at-iv-le) adv. In a de- 
rivative manner ; by means of derivation. 

Derive, (dS-rivO v. i. [L. de and rivu».] To draw 
from ; to deduce ; — ^to receive, as from a source ; 
to obtain by transmission ; to trace the origin, 
descent, or derivation of; — v.i. To flow; to 
proceed ; to be deduced ;— trace ; infer. 

Deriver, (ds-riv'cr) ju One who derives, trans- 
mits, or deduces. 

Derm, (dgrm) n. [G. derein.] The natural 
te^ment or covering of an animal;' the true 
skin as distinguished tvova. the epidermis or 
scarf skin. 

Dermal, (derm'al) a. Pertaining to the ex- 
terior covering or skin of animals. 

Dermatology, (derm-a-toro-je) »i. [G. derma 
and logo».] The branch of physiology which 
treats of the structure of the ak^ ana ite dis 

Dernier, (dsr'ne-ur)a. [F. derrUre.] Last; final; 

ultimate, as a dernier resort. 
Derogate, (dgr'd-gat) v. t [L. de and roffare.) 

To annul in part ; to restrict ;— to detract from; 

to disparage ; to depreciate r^v. i. To lesaeui 

lu reputation. 
Derogation, (dgr-o-ga'ahun) n. The act of partly 

rei)ealing, or lessening in value; disparsge- 

mont : detraction ; depreciation. 
DeAgatorily, (de-rog'ft-tor-e-le) adv. In a dero- 
gatory manner. 
Derogatory, (dft-rog'll-tor-e) a. Tending to lessen 

iu value ; detracting ; disparaging ; ii\)nrious. 
Derrick, (der'ik) n. [Qer. dietrich.] A mast or 

si>ar supported at the top by stays or guyS| with 

suitable tackle for raising heavy weights. 


(der'vis) R. [Per. dersp^wA.] A Turkish 
or Fenian monk who professes extnrne poverty, 
and leads an austere fift. 

Deaoant, (deslcant) n. [F. detehanf] A tune 
oomposed in part* ; a variation of an air ;— a 
disooorse formed on a fheme ; a comment or 
series of oomments. 

Deaoant, (dea-kanf) v. i. To sing a variation of 
an air ; — to comment ; to diaoouxse with fdlness 
and piuiionlarity : to animadvert freely. 

Deaoand, (de-eendO v. i. fL. deteendere, trotn rfr 
and scanoere, to climb.] To jmsb from » higher 
to a lower plaoe ; to go down in any wsj, Ac ; 
to plunge ; to &U;— to make an attadc or incar- 
aion ;— to paas from the general or important 
to the norueular or trivial ;~-to be derived ; to 
prooeea by generation or 1^ transmlsaion : — ^to 
allin musical tone;-— v. (. To go down upon or 
along ; to pass from the top .to the bottom of. 

Dtaoendawt, (dS-wnd'ant) n. One who deaoends, 
as ofibpring, however remotely. 

DMoenofli&t, (de*«eBd'ettt) a, Desoendhig; pro* 
oeeding from an ancestor. 

DeacttdiUa, (dd-aend'e-bl) «. Admitting de- 
scent .'—capable of being transmitted by inherit- 

Deaoenaion, (de-s«n'shnn)M. (LdaeewtUK} Act of 
going downward ; fiJling or sinking; deelenf ion. 

DeaoanaioBal, (d&«an'shun-al) a. Pertaining to 
desoenaion or deeomt ; — tending downward. 

Daaoeat, (dfi-senf) n, [F. deteenU.) Act of de- 
scending ; inclination; declivity : — ^incuraion; 
sudden attack ; — ^progress downwaid, aa in sta- 
tion, virtue, or the like, fhim the more to the 
less important, from a higher to a lower tone, 
dbo.;— derivation, aa fh)m an ancestor : lineage ; 
— ofibpring; isBue ^-« generation ; degree. 

Describable, (de^krib'a-bl) a. Capable of beteg 

Describe, (dS-skril/) v. t. [L. de and smlt^rr.] 
To repgraMMit by lines, to trace out ; to sketch : 
— to eachibit aa a line, circle, or ourve by a body 
in motion ;— -to mark out by character or tny- 
pertiea; to define; — ^to set forth or aketcfa in 
oral or written langnage. 

Deamriptioa, (d»«krip'shun) n. Actof repnarat- 
ing by a ]dan ; the fignre delineated ;-^mct ci 
exhibiting in words ; definition ; aoooont; wonl- 
paittting ^— the qnalittee which belong to a cer- 
tain class or order: the persona or things having 
thes6 qualities ;— «ort : kind. 

Deaeriptive, (de-skrip'tiv)a. Tending to describe: 
re]»«aenting ; containing description. 

Deoenmtimly, (de^ekrip'tiv^la) adv. In a do- 
scripuve manner ; by description. 

Descry, (de-akiSO v. <. [Korra. F. deierier.) To 
discover by the ey^ as objects at a distance ; 

to detect t"— espy ; diacei-n. 

Deaeerate, (des'd-kxftt) «. t, (U de$tcrart.) <To 

divest of a saored character or office ; to divert 

itom a aaend nae ; to treat iu a aaerilegiooa 


DeaeemtiM, (des^krft'sfaun) n. KH of d« 
orating ; act of tnating aacnlegiainaly. 

Deaert, (dft-sert^ v. 1 [Lk de and srrfrr.) lb 
part fhnn; to qitlt; to abandon ^— to leave with- 
out permission ; to fonuke in violation of doty; 
'-v. i. To quit a aervioe without ptaaianoa z 
to run away. 

Deaert, (desert) 0. Wild: waste; soUtaxr; with- 
ont Ufa ormdtivatian;— unproduetiva; deeolata. 

Desert, (dex'^rt) n. An nnprodoctive rQgi<»i : 
a vast sandy plain ; a wildsmsaB ; a aolitttdfi. 




ftmmt, (4a-»ertr) I*.$erU.] TUt which ii 
damred-^uaaaUj iu a good aonae;— worth; 
♦xeaUenoa ; dm. 

J>aMitad, (de-iBErfad) a. Eniiraljr fonakan; 
whaUj ahwidonod ; Jeffc alono. 

Saoertar, (dO-sert'er) «. Ona who fonakes hia 
datj, party^ or finand ; apeeiaUly a soldier or 
wminin woo qnita tha aarrioa without parmia- 

bj aarnoa ; to ba antitlad to ;— to marit hj 

I aaevil act ; — v. i. To ba worthy of raoompanaa. 

1 Jaaimadly, (dfr-serv'ad-le) ado. AcoordiDfrto 

I deant^ whathar good or aril ; JuatlT. 

OaMmoffly, (d&-s6rr'ing-la) ad9. Maritoriously; 

vitli JiuA daaartk 

(daa-a^bi]') n. [F. dUshabUUr.} An 
; a looaa morning draat; a caralan toUak 
(dB-aik'ant) a. I>rjriQg or tanding to 

t, (dB^ik'ani) n. A madioina or appli- 
tlwt driaa a aoTBi 
. (d«-«ik'&i) V. (. [L. d« and sieeare.] 
To azbaast of moiatara : to drr. 
Oaaiocatioa, (da»*ik-ft'ahttn) n. Tha act of maUng 
drj, or tba alala of being dxiad. 
Paaitwatira. (de-atk'at-iT) ti. An apidJoation 
wlufsh tanda to dry up morbid or uloarooa aaoro* 

(d^aid'sr-at) v.t [L. deMidtrare.] 
To daain aarnestly; to faal tba want ctf; to miaa 
gratttlj; to lone for : to ragrak 
DaaHaiatiiiii, (dfraid-er-atam) n. [L. desid- 
erare.] A raqniramant; that which is daaired 
<v ia daafarablia ; a want felt and aoknowladgad. 
DaaigB, (dc-un') v.t [Ix de Bad siffnare,] To 
dxmw- tho outlioa of ; to dcatoh ; — ^to exhibit ; to 
appoint to a particular and or uaa; — to oontriTa; 
— «. i. To hara a pnrpoaa ; to intend. 
Hi ail, n. (da-nnO n. (P. destnn. } A sketch or ra- 
Draaantation : a delineation: a plan;— a pro- 
limiiiaiy conoaption; idea intended to ba worked 
oaz. or azpraaaad ; aim ; intent ;— oontxiranoa ; 
adi^tataon of means to end ;— iachama ; plot;— 
ambkmiatio or dacoiat&Ta figures, as of a madal, 
ibaidmry, Ac 

(da-dn'arbl) a. Capable of being 
or iliattnoUy marked out 
(das'ig-nat) v.U [L. detiffnare.] To 
cMit and make known ; to oaU by a dia- 
tinoti^w titlo ;— to ipaoify ;— to aat nigtii for a 
partacolar aaa» porpoaa, or duty. 
ffriigaatiiWi < dn-ig-na'shon ) n. Act of pointing 
oat; indication ; — i^ypointmant for a purpoaa ; — 
diathnntiTft title ; appellation ;— «igniflaatton. 
Daaipiaillj. (di^in'aa-la) adv* By design ; pnr< 
; intentionally. 

r, (de-Mu'cr) n. One who deaigns, or far- 
dwaigni^ aa for prints ;— a plotter; a 

, (de-ainlng) m. Tha art of drawing 
pattsaa, or illnatrations. 

(d«-sir'a>bl) a. Worthy of desire or 
; pleasing; agreeable. 

waaa, (dS-iira-bl-nes) n. .Quality of 

' being daairahla. [manner. 

PaBlialiijr» (de-zir'apbia) adv. In a desirable 

Bs«lra» {di-m^ «. t, (F. ditirtr.) To long for 

tba aqjoymottt or poaaassaon of ; to wish for;— 

to ajLpieas a wiah for : to entreat; to raqueat. 

fiwirat (d&«uO n. Natural eagamaas to obtain 

any oldest tcom which pleasure, sensuaL intel- 
lectual, or spiritual, is expected ;— igooddeBix«d; 
object of longing ; —an expressed wish ; a zo- 
queat; petition ;— craving; inclination. 

Dasiroua, (de-m'us) a. [F. ditireux.] Full of 
desire ; longing after ; wishing for ; solicitous ; 
ooTctous ; eager to obtain. 

Banst, (dft^ist) v.i. [h. de and iUtert.] To 
atand aside ; to cease to proceed or act ; to for- 
bear ; to atop ; to discontinue. 

Beak, (desk) n. [Sax. A IceL diae.] A table with 
a sloping top for reading or wzitiiig;— a portable 
writing case of wood orleather;'-i)artof a pulpit. 

IXaaolata, (des'6-lilt) V. t. [L. d« and sotore. J To 
deprive of inhabitants ; to make desert ;— to lay 
waste ; to ruin ; to ravage. 

Desolate, (dea'd-lilt) a. Destitute or deprived of 
inhabitants;^ laid waste: in a ruinous con- 
dition; — left alone; without a companion; 
aiflicted ; — ^lonely ; waste ; solitary. 

Baaolataly, (dea'o-lat-le) adif. In a desolate 

Saaolatanaas, (daa'o-lat-nas) «. State of being 
lonely and afflicted ; friendlessnaas. 

Paaala t iBn, ^daa-6-lft'ahun) n. Aat of desolating ; 
state of being desolated ;— a desolate place or 
country ; — havoc ; devastation ; ravage; sadness; 
destitution; melancholy. 

Saapair, (dCrsp&xO v. i. [F. ddMspirtr.] To bo 
without hope ; to give up all hope or expecta- 
tion; todeapond. 

Despair, (dC-apiirO iu Lose of ho^ ; the giving 
up of expectation; — ^that which u despaired of; 
—desperation; despondency; hopelessness. 

Deapauiagly, (dfiHBpir'ing-le) ode. In a despair- 
ing manner. 

Despatch, (de-spachO v.t [F. depeeker.] To 
aend off or away ; to aend in haste, or on a spe- 
cial errand ; — to send out of the way: to kill : — 

, to perform speedily, as businuas ; to oxecute : — 
alao Diapatoli. ^ 

Daapateh, (de-apach') n. Act of sending away; 
especially of aendiug a lettar or messenger ; — 
haste ; expedition; — speedy perfonnauoe ; dili- 
gent execution; — the letter or message sent; 
government or official letter. 

DaapatehfiiL (dS-spach'f06l) n. Bent on haste; 
inaicating haste ;— Dispatohfol. 

Da^erada, (dea-pcr-ft'do) n. [Sp. detperar.] A 
deaparata fallow ; a penon urged by furious 
paaiions, raganlleaa of law and penoiuil safety. 

iMsparata, (dea'pfir^&t) a. Beyona hope : despaired 
of ; past cure ; — proceeding from despair ; vio- 
lent ; headlong ; precipitate ; furious ; frantia 

Daapoat^, (des'pcr-at-le) adv. In a desperate 

DaiVeratiMi, (dea-pcr-ft'shun) n. Act of despair- 
ing ; a givhig up of hope;— state of deapair or 
hopelessness; abandonment of hoiw. 

Dai^ioabla, (des'pik-a-bl) a, [L. dapieari.] Fit 
or deserving to be despised: — contemptible; 
mean; paltry; aordid; base; degrading. 

Daapieab^, (dea'pik-a-ble) adv. In a deapioahle 
or mean manner. [mean ; unworthy. 

Daapiiabla, (de-spix'a-bl) a. Contemptible; low; 

Da^iaa, (da-sptx) v. t [L. despieere.] To look 
down upon with contempt; to have a low 
opinion of ;— contemn; scorn; disdain 

Daapiaar, (da-spix'er) n. Ona who daapiaes; a 
oontamner; aaoomer. 

Daraita, (de^f) n. [L. de^i>eelui.] Extreme 
malioa; malignity; angry hatred: — an act 
prompted by malioa or hatred ; act of dafianoai 





Bespita, (dfr«pitO prtf. In sptite of; notwith- 

■tuiding. [cioiu : malignuit> 

SetpiteftiL (d6-iplf fodl) a. Fall of despite ; mali- 

DespiteAiliy, (d6-6pit'f0dl-le) adv. In a dnpite- 
ful manner. 

Despoil, (de-spoilO v.t. [L. de and «po2tar«.] 
To take ftx>m by force ; to deprive ; to strip or 
divest, ss of olothing or arms. 

Sespondf (dS-spond') v.i. [It. dt and tipon- 
dire.\ To sink under by loss of hope ; to be 
cast doirn by iSiSlttre ; to be dispirited ; to give 
over or give up, as effort ; to fail in spirit or 

Daspondenoj, (dS-spon-d'en-se) n. State of de- 
sponding: abandonment of hope; permanent 
dejection arising from diicoaragement or want 
of hope. 

Despondent, (de-si>ond'ent) a. [L. dapondentJ] 
Sinking in spirit or losing conrsge ; depressed. 

DetpondiBgly, (de-spond'ing-le) adv. In a de- 
sponding manner. 

Despot, (des'pot) n. [G. deapotia.] One who 
possesses absolute power: an autocrat; a t^Tant; 
an oppressor. 

Despotic, (des-]1ot'ik) a. Hayinf? the character of, 
or pertaining to, a despot ; absolute in power ; 
tyrannical ; arbitrary. [manner. 

Despotioally, (des-potlk -al-le) adr. In a despotic 

Despotism, (des'pot-izm) n. Absolute power; 
the spirit or principles of a despot ; tyranny. 

Despnmate, fdos'pu-mat) r. i. [L.c^ and sjntmarf.J 
To throw off impurities ; to form scum. 

Dsspumatioa, (des-pa-ma' shun) n. Separation of 
the scum on the surface of liquor ; clarification. 

Desquamation, (des-kwaw -m&'shun) n. (L. de»- 
qtiamare.] Sepanttion of the cuticle in flakes 
or scales. 

Dessert, (des-z^rf) ru [P. fh)m dfMfrvir.] A 
serrice of pastnr, fruits, or sweetmeats. 

Destinate, (des'tin-at) v. t. To design : to fix tbe 
end or purpose of. 

Destination, (des-tin-a'shun) n. Act of destin- 
ing or appointing::-— prede termined end, object, 
or use; — place or point aimed at; end of a 


Destine, (des'tin) v.t. [L. destinare.] To set 
apart by design or intenti on; — to fix, as by an 
authoritative decree; to establish irrevocably; 
—ordain. [a fatslist. 

Destiaist, (dee'tin-ist) n. A believer in destiny ; 

Destiny, (des'tin-e) n. State or condition ap- 
pointed ; fkte : doom :— the power conceived of 
as determining the future ; divine decree ; in- 
vincible necessity ; IHtality 

Destitote, (des'tetut) a. [L. d€ and ttatunr] 
In want; deficient ; lacking ; needy ; poor ; indi- 

Destitation, (des-te-ta'shun) n. State of being 
needy, or without resources; deficiency; 

Destroy, (de-stroyQ v. t [L. de and itruere.] To 
pull down; to break up the structure and 
oTsanio existence of; — to bring to naught; to 
kill ; to extirpate ; to Liy waste ;— to eat and 
devour ; — ^to mar the beauty or form of; — ^to re- 
solve a body into its primitive elementa 

Destroyer, (de-stroy'er) n. One who destroys. 

DestniotibiUty, (de-struk-to-bil'e-te) n. The 
quaUfcy of being capable of destruction. 

DestrueUble, (de-struk't«-bl)<i. Liable to destruc- 
tion : capable of being destroyed. 

Dostnutioa, (de-struTshnn) ti. Act of deetit>y- 
ing or demolishing ; ruin by any means ;— state 

of being destroyed ;— destroying agency; csmsa 
of ruin or devastation; final rain of the wicked. 

Dostruetive, (dS-strukt'iv) a. [L. deMruetiruM.} 
Causing destruction; — ^taking pleasure in de- 
struction ; — ^mortal ; deadly ; fatal ; ruinous. 

DestrnotiTO, (de-stndct'i?) n. One who destroys ; 
—an epithet applied to political reformers. 

DestroctiTely, (dS-strukriv-le) adv. In a de- 
structive manner ; ruinously ; mischievously. 

Dettniotiveness, (de-strukfiv-nes) n. llio 
quality of destroying; — the phrenological fiumlty 
which impels to acts of destruction. 

Desndation, (des-Q-dA'shnn)n. [L. de and nidare.1 
A proftise penpiiation, followed by an eruption 

Desuetado, (des'we-tud) n. [L. detneuere.} Ces- 
sation of practice, custom, or fashion ; disnsei 

Desulphurate, (de-sul'fQ-rftt) v. (. [JPe and tvl- 
phvr.] To deprive of sulphur. 

liesultoiiness, (des'ul-tor^-nes) n. Quality of 
being desultoxy ; absence of order and method. 

Desnltacy, (des'ul-tor-e) a, [L. de and mlire.} 
Leaping from one thing or subject to another; 
without order or logical sequence ; immethod- 
ical; cursory. 

Detach, (de-tachO v. t [F. detacher.] To port ; 
to disunite; — to separate for a special object 
or use : — to select men or ships from a fleet, for 
special servioe. 

Detaohment, (de-tach'ment) it. Act of detach- 
ing or separating ;— state of being detached ; — 
detached ; a body of troops or part of a fleet 
detailed for special service. 

Detail, (de-talO v.t. [F. de and tailler.} To 
relate minutely ; to particularize ;— to appoint 
for aiNirticular service, usually naval or military. 

Detail, (de-tal') n. A minute portion ; item ; a 
particular— used chiefly in the plural;— selection 
for a particular servioe ; the person or company 

Detailed, (dS-t&ld') a. Related in partieulars: 
minutely gone over in all its bearings. 

Detain, (de-tanO v. t. [L. de and tenere.] To keep 
back or ttom ; to withhold ; to arrest ; to re- 

Detainer, fdS-tan'cr) n. One who detains ;— de- 
tention of what is anotber'a 

Detainment, (de-tSLn'ment) n. The act of de- 
taining: detention. 

Detect, (de-tektO r. t. [L. de and tegere, to cover. ] 
To uncover ; to find out ; to bring to light ; to 
discover ; to expose. 

Detectable, (de-tektVbl) a. That may be de- 
tected, [brings to I-ght. 

Deteoter, (de-tekl'cr) n. One who detects or 

Detection, (de-tek'shun) n. Act of detecting ; 
the discovery of what was ooncealed or hidden ; 
discovery of a fiiult, fhuid, or crime. 

DetaotiTe, (de-tekt'iv) a. Fitted, skilled, or em- 
ployed in detecting. 

Ileteation, (de-ten'shun) n. Act of keeping 
back : a withholding ;— state of being detained; 
confinement; restraint; delay. 

Deter, (dft-tcr) v. t. [L. de and trrmr.] To 
frighten from ; — ^to stop or prevent by o(ff»ider»- 
tions of danger, difficulty, dto. ;— to debar from 
action by prohibition or threat. 

Deterge, (de-tcij) v. t. [L. de and terfftre.} To 
cleanse ; to purge away. 

Datargent, (de-t{rj'ent) cr. Cleanring ; purging. 

Datargant, (de-tcij'ent) n. A medicine tluii 

deanses the Teasels or the akin frvm ottumre 





{dB-itrn^rki) v. t (L. delerior.^ 
To make wone : to hnpatr : to reduoo by mix- 
ing, aa inlbiior bigredianti or breed ; — r. i. To 
grow wone ; to be impaired iu quality ; to de- 

DetarlaratitfB, (dd-te-re-6-ra'«hTm) n. State of 
growing or of haTing grown woiml 

DeCarmant, (dB-t$r^ent) n. Aot of detening;-- 
thai which deters. 

BeteniinaUe, (dd-tfrmln-a-bl) a. Capable of 
being anded or decided with certainty. 

DeCanainata, (dS-tcTm'in-&t) a. [L. determina'^ 
t%B.} Haring defined limito ; fixed :~dedaiTe ; 

DetenBlafttelT, (dS-tcrmln-it-le) adw. Defi- 
nitely : diadnetly ; with fixed reeolT& 

DttcnifaMtiea, (dS-tcrm-in-A'shun) n. Act of 
deciding or «tata of being decided; — termina- 
tion ;— judicial decision :— fixed puzpoae; reeoln- 
tion ;-— direotion or tendency. 

liaAkive, rdd-tszm'in-ftt-ir) a. Having 
fodetennine; directing; conclnsiTeL 
(de-tcnn'in) v. e. [L. dt and ter- 
M«tuta] To fix the bonndariea of;— to aet 
boands to; to bring to an end ;— to fix the form 
or character of ; to elTect ;— to fix the oonrae of ; 
to direct ;*— to anien to ita true place in a sys- 
tem ; — to settle by antboritattTe or Jndidal 
senteaoe ;— 'to resolTO on;— to ascertain the 
qiuuitity or amount of; — v.i. To come to a 
deoaion ; to resolTe. 

DefeenniBadlj, (de-t^nn'ind-le) adv. In a deter- 
mined manner. 

BetoiiaB, (do-tcr'shan) n. The act cf cleaoaing, 

Detaralvai (dS-tct^siT) n. A medidne to deanae 
eorei or akers. 

D^nt, (de-test9 v.t. (L. flfe and testari.] To 
hate or dislike extremely ; to abhor ; — loathe. 

(dd-testVbl) a. Worthy of being d»- 
exuemely hateftU; odious; exeemble. 
Ut, (d8-lestVble) adv. Vety hateAilly ; 

(di-tesi-il'riinn) n. Aciofdetestinj^; 
hatied or dislike ; abhorrenoe ; loath- 

(dS-thronO v.t [F. d4tr6ntr.} To 
driTe from a throne ; to depoee ;— to dlTost of 
royml authority and dignity. 

BcttnMMB«ttt,(d»-thrdn'meiit)n. Bemoralfirom 
a iJ&rono ; deposition. 

DiitnnitB, (det o-nat) v. t. [L. de and tonare.] To 
explodo with a sudden report like tbnnder ; — 
V. c. To causa to explode. 

Ae(aaatiQn« (det-A-n&'shun) n. An explMon 
made I7 oeitain oombostible bodisB, as gun- 
powder, te. 

Mtsft, (M-tarV) 9. t [h. de and torquere.) To 
torn finom the original or plain meaning; to 
pervert; to wrest. 

Oetaor, (de-t6di') n. [F.] A cirouitons ixnite. 

Oetmet, (de-tnkt^ r. t. [L. de and trakert.] To 
remove apart; to subtract;— to take credit or 
reptttaiioi& from ;— disparage; depredate ; tra- 

, (de-trak'shun) n. Act of taking 

away fhnn reputation or worth ; aot of depre- 
dating firom envy or malice:— slander. 

Ear, (de-trakfsr) n. One who attempts to 
i the duuracter or good name of another. 
ff«^ (det're-ment) n. [Ll detrimentum.] 
That which injuies or OMsea damage; kas; hurt; 
" T; hann. 

Detrimentalf (det-re-ment'al) a. Causing leas or 

damage ; hurtfht or prqjudidal ; injurious ; 

Detrition, (dS-trish'un) n, (L. deterere.] A 

wearing oflT or away. 
Detritua, (de-triVns) n. Disintegnted parte or 

partides of nwks carried down by flood or river. 
Detrude, (de-trMdO v. t. [L. de and trvdere.] 

To thrust down ; to push down with feroe into 

a lower place. 
Detmnoote, rd«-trungk'at) v.t [L. de and trun- 

emt,] To shorten by cutting; to cut off; to lop. 
Detmneatien, (de^trangk-A'shun) n. Act of cut- 
ting ofi :— loss of a limb;— abridgment of a book. 
Detmsion, (d6-tr66'shun) n. [Ll detrueio.] Act 

of thrusting or driving down. 
Denoe, (dfis) n. [F. deux.] Two ; a card or a 

die wiUi two spots. 
Denoe, (dfl8)n. [Armor, tdlx.] An evil spirit; 

a demon. 
Denterogaaiet, (dfl-ter^a-nust) n. One who 

marries the second time. 
Deuterogamy, (da-ter-og'arme) n. [O. dfitteroe 

and ffamoe.) A second marriage, after the 

death of the first husband or wife. 
Deuteronomy, (da-tcr-on'6-me) n. fO. deuleroe 

and nomoM.] The fifth book of the Pentateuch, 

containing the second giving of the law by 

Devaetate, (deVas-tat) v.t (L. de and voMtare.] 
To lay waste ; to desolate ;— ravage ; pillage. 

Devastation, (dev-as-t&'shun) n. Act of devas- 
tating, or state of being devastated;— desol»* 
tion; ravage; havoo; destruction. 

Develop, (de-verup) v. t. [F. devf taper.] To dia- 
doae or make known; to unfbld gradually: to 
lay open by d^;rees ;— r. i. To go through a 
proc e s s of snooenive changea ftom a less perfect 
to a more perfoct or fimued itate ; — to become 
visible gradually .^— to expand to view. 

Derdopment, ^de-veFup-ment) n. Act of disclos- 
ing ; prooesB by which aiiy thing secret or un- 
known is revealed ; — unravelling of a plot .— 
the organic change in animal or vegetable bodies 
from an erabi^o to a perfect state ;—> full dis- 
dosure or exhibition. 

Deviate, (da^ve-At) v.i. [ and via.] To go 
out of the common way; to turn aside from the 
right course ; to diverge ; to stny from the path 
of du^ ;— swerve ; wander ; digress ; deflect 

Deviation, (de-ve-&'shnn) n. Going or tnrmng 
from the way; aberration ;— turning fh>m tne 
right course; wandering fh>m the p^ of duty; 
obliquity of conduct; want of conformity to 
the laws of God ;— variation from the ordinary 
form, or from common analogy. 

Devioe, (dfl-vis^ n. [L. dividere.] That which is 
formed by design ; a contrivance ; an expedient: 
a stratagem ;— an emblem or ensign borne on 
shidds ; a motto. 

DevU, (deVil) a. [A^-S. dtc^ol.] An evil spirit ; 
a Allien angd: Satan, the tempter and 
aocnser of men : the father of lies ; tne spirit ; 
or prindple of evil ; — a demon ; a false god ;— a 
wicked person ; a paadonate temper or dispod- 
tion ;— a p4eoe of fiedi highly spiced and broiled. 

Devilish, (deVil-ish) a. Resembling, or pertain* 
ing to, the devil ;-»infemal ; sotanic ; nendish. 

Devious, (dd've-us) a. [L. de and via.] Out of a 
steaight line; erring; going adde l^na rectitude 
or the divine precepts. 

Devieaaly, (de've-us-le) adv. In a devious 




DeviouaflM, (d8'vo-ii»-iiM)n. Deputare ftom a 
straight ooazae : tondeiu^ to wandsr ^m the 
path of duty. 

IieTitabla, (dS-Tic'a-bl) a. Gapable of beiiig oon« 
trived ;— capable of being bequeathed. 

Heriaa, (dft-TirO v. e. To inyent or oontriTe : to 
strike out by thought ; — to plan or Bcheme ; — 
project :— to giTe by will ;— r. «. To form a 
■cheme ; to lay a plan ; to oonteiTa. 

DoviM, (de-Ti^ n. Act of dispoeiiig of real 
estate by a will ;— a will or testament ;— pn>- 
perty given by will. 

Iwriaar, (d6-Tui'er)». One who deriaes; an in- 

Seviflor, (d^vis'^r) n. One who deTises or giras 
real estate by will ; a testator. 

Seveid, (de*ToidO a. Void ; empty ; vacant ;— 
destitute : not in possesrion. 

Devoir, (dev-waw*) n. [F.] Duly; service owed ; 
aetof dvilitv: due respect. 

BevolmtioB, (di-vo-lu'shun) n. [L. devolutio.1 
Act of rolling down. 

Berolve, (dc-volvO v. t. (L. de and w^vere.] To 
roll downward; — ^to tnoufer flt>m one penon to 
another ; to hand down to a sucoessor ; — r. «. 
To peas by transmission or snooeiaion ; to come 
upon as a duty, privilege, Ac 

iMvvta, (dd-vaf) V. (. [L. <U and vovere.] To 
give by vow ; to set apart by solemn act : to 
dedicate ; — to give as time or attention to a 
subject ; to attach, as to a cause or party :~to 
oonsign, as to the flames ; to doom, as to de- 
struction :— to give over to the spirit of evil ; to 

Davotodnati, (d»-vdt'ed-nes) %. Attachment to a 
cause, principle, or party ;— quality of being 

Devotee, (dev-o-te^ n. [F. dwot} One devoted 
to some form of reUgions faith or doty. 

Devotion, (de-vo'shun) n. State of being set 
apart or dedicated, especially to the worship 
or service of God ; — yielding of the heart to 
Ood: solemn and reverent spirit; pietv; — ardent 
attachment to any cause or principle ; volun- 
taiy addiction to Mid effort for ; — eamestneaa 

Devotional, (de-v5'shan-al) eu Fiertaaning to, 
used in, or suited to worsidp or service. 

Devour, (de-voni') v. t. [L. de and vorare.] To 
eat up with groediness ; to consume ravenously; 
— ^to enjoy with avidity ;— to destroy with ra- 
pidity, as fire ; to consume ; to ruin. 

Devout, (dS-vout^ a. iL. devottu.] Solemn and 
earnest in religious feelings and exerdaes; 
pious ; reverent ;— warmly devoted ; hearty. 

Ifeveatlv, (d<-vout1e) adv. In a devout manner; 
sincerely ; solemnly ; earnestly. 

Dew, (dfi) n. [A. -8. deate.] Aqueous vi^xrar 
condensed on the surface of bodies colder than 
the lower strata of the atmonphere. 

Dew, (du) r. t To wet with dew ; to bedew. 

Dew-orop, (dfi'drop) n. A drop of dew. 

DewinMS, <d&'e-nes) n. State of being dewy. 

Deirias, (du1ap)ii. [From dew and tap,] The 
flesh hanging from the throats of oxen, which 
laps or Ucks the dew in grazing. 

Dew-point, (dn'point) n. The point of the ther^ 
mometsr at which dew begins to form. 

Dew-wona, (da'wurm) n. A worm of the genus 
Lumb rim$: earthworm. 

Diwv, (dfi'e) a. Covered with dew ;— pertaining 
todew ;— fldling gently, like the dew. 

Dntsr, (deki(tQr) a. (U) Pertaining to, or 
-itnated on the light hand aide. 

Dazteritj, (deks-tcr'e-te) n. [L^ dexterita*.] 
Readiness and grace in physical activity ; — ac- 
tivity and expertnesB of the ndnd; adroitness; 
tact; clevemen; ftdlity; aptitude. 

Dexterous, (deks'tcr-us} a. [L. dexter.} Ready 
and expert ;—skilftil m oontrivance; quick at 
inventing expedients ;— done with dexterity;— 
adroit ; clever ; handy :— Dextrona. 

Dexterously, (ddcs'tfir-ua-le) adv. In a dexterous 
manner. (adroitness. 

DexteronsaMt, (deks'ter-na-nes) n. Dexterity; 

Day, (dft) n. fnuk. ddi.] The tiOe given to the 
former governors of Algien. 

Di, (di) [G. dig, or dieha.] A prefix to many 
words, signifyii^ difference, divenity, negation, 
twofold or manifold state. 

Dia, (dfa) [G.] A prefix to words taken from 
the Greek, aignilVing thoronghnesa, intensity, 
division, or divenity. 

Diabetes, (di-a-be'tes) n. stn^. it pL [6.] An 
exBessive discharge of urine. 

Diabetieal, ('H-«-bet'ik-al) a. Feiiaining to dia- 
betes ; afiUcted with diabetes. 

Diabltry, (dl-aVler-e) n. (F. DiabUrie,} Sor- 
cery ; diabolical deed ; mischief 

Diabolioa], (di-a-bol'ik-al) a. [6. dio^olmt.] Per- 
taining or appropriate to the devil ;— devilish; 
infernal ; impious ; atrocious ; ne&rious. 

DiaboUcallj, (di-a-bol'ik-al-le) adv. In a diaboU- 
cal manner. (taining to a deacon. 

Dianonal, (dl-ak'on-al) a, [L diaeonaU*,] Per- 

Diaooaato, (di-ak'on-at) a. IL. diacoaa^w*.] 
The olBce of a deacon ; deaoonahip. 

Diaoonatioa, (di<a-kous'tiks) n, ting. [G. dia and 
akoutin.'] That tomch of natural philosophy 
which treats of the properties of sonna re&acted 
by passing through different mediuma 

Diaaem, (di'a-dem) n. (G. diacf«s»a.] An orna- 

mental fillet ; a crown ;— royalty ; soventignty 

DiffureaiB, (di-e^re-ais) n. [G. dta and airtin.] 

The sepantion of one i^llable into two; — a 

mark ["] placed over two vowels to denote that 

they are to be pronounced as distinct letters, as 

aerial ^A-er^o^X 
Diagnoaia, (dl-sg-no'sis) n. [G. dia and {ri<Tn6- 

dcein.] Discriminating knowledge ;— the art of 

distinguishing one diaeeae from another. 
Diagnostic, (^-ag-nos'tik) n. The mark or 

^mptom by whidi a disfiswe is known i—pl. 

The rtudy of symptoms in disesse. 
Diagonal, (di-ag'on-al) n. A ri^t line drawn 

frtnm;one angle to another not|. 

a4Jaoent, of a figure of four or 

mora sides. 
Diagonal, (di-ag'on-al) a. (G. 

dia and ponia.] Joining two Dia6«iaL 

not adjacent angles of a quadrilateral or molti* 

lateral figure, and dividing it. 
DiagoaaUy, (di-og'on-al-le) adv. In a dingnnal 

Diagram, (dfa-gram) «. [G. diagramma.] A 

figure or drawing made to iUustratea statement, 

or facilitate a demonatiation. h 
Diagxaph, (dra-gral) n. (G. dioffraphein.} An 

instrument used in penpeotive drawing. 
Diid, (di'al) fi. [L. diaU*.} An instrument for 

showing the time of day from the shadow of a 

stile on a graduated surfiMw ;— the giaduated 

Ihoe of a tim^eoe on which the time cf day is 

shown by pointers or hands. 
Dialaot, (dIVlekt) a. [Q. dia»ndltgein.] Hode 

of expxesaing thou^ts; language ;^varietj^ or 



mbdiTMioo cfaUngnagB ;— loiml Ibcm; profin- 

(<li-ft4Bic'tU) a. Pntoiiiing to » form 
of a lanyiage ; — pertaining to dialeotios; logical. 
[WaUirtwuii, (di-ft-lek-td'she-an) n. One Tened 
in dialeetloi ; a logicun ; a Twaonar. 

(di-arlflk'tilu) n. ting. Sdenoo of 
that which toachet tho forms and 
of aigamentb 
(dFal-iit) «. A oonatructor of diala 
DiaflinCt idfal^ing) n. Tho aoienoe of meararing 
fagr dials; thuartof oonstnictiugdiala 
(di^al'o-Jist) n,. A speakor in a dia- 
a wiitor of dialogaoa. 
(dfa-log) n. [Q. dialogoB.] A oonrer- 
satioa between two or mon i a fonnal oonTer- 
•atioQ in thaatiical perfimnanoes^ or in aeho- 
iMtir oxHEdaes :— a written oonvenation. 
Dia^aifl, (di-are-ds) n. [Q. dialu$is.} A diie- 
nais ;— dBbUitx i—-^ Mdation of oontinnitj. 
TMamayustie, (di^a-mag-neffik) n. [G. dia and 
MOipuU*,] An J tabstanoe, which in a field of 
magnefin foioe is diifeKently sflected ftom ordi- 
narf magnetie bodies, 

PisMstai, (di-am'et^) n. [O. dia and metron.} 
A xi^it line through the oentrs of 
a Agvrs, as a oiTcle, sphere, cube, 
Ac, and tegnninatod by the opposite 
boundaries :—4ength of a stnigfat 
hne throogh the centre of an ob- 
ject fttxn nde to side. 
Hiamsfriwalor Siametrsl, (di-a-met^- 
rik-«l) a. Fsrtaining to a " 

diameter : — ^in the 
line or dinction of a diameter ; direct ; stnight 


J, (di-a-met'Tik-al-le) 
ad-e. In a diamethoal direction; 

(dFa-mond) a. [G. ada' 
.) A mineral anidgem remark- 
able far its hardness, as it scratches 
ail oiiMr minerals: CTystallised car- 
boa ;— « plajing card, stamped with the figore 
of a dianuMid ;— tiie smallest kind of type. 
_ , (MMMd tn».\ 
(di-ana) n. [L.] In mythology, the 
of fannting, of the moon, and of chas- 

IMagfiiM, fdi-a-pi'aon) n. [O.] The octave or 
intorvBl which inelodes all the times ;— oonoord, 
as of noitas an ooteve apart;— <one of the stops in 
the organ. 

Diapar, (dfa-p^r) «. [F. diapre^ disponed.] 
figured linen cloth used for towels, napkins, 
tc ; — a towel or napkin. 
Piapii, (df »-per) si C To Taiisgate or direniiy 
with %iuree or flowen, as doth. 

wea, (dinaf 'an-us) eu [Q. dia and phai' 
.| Haring power to transmit rays of light, | 
pellnc&i ; transparent. 
(di-tt-fon1ks) n. ting. [O. dia and 
.) TIm doctrine of reftnoted sound ; dia- 

(di-a-15-re'sui) n. [O. diajiJuireiii.\ 
Aagmeatatlon of the tnseiMible pexspiiiition, or 
an elimination of the hxunours of the body 
thnmg^ the nores of the skin. 

IHaphsiarte, (dI-arC>t«f ik) n. A medicine which 
pramfltea inamsfhle perspiration ; audorifla 

Iwaphiaaiii, (di'aFftam) n. (G. diaphragma.^ 
A diTlding membrane or thin partition ; — the 

]Msait,(dfa4lst)ii. Ons who keeps a diaiy. 

SianhMa, (di-a-rS'a) n. [G. dia and rettk] A 
morbidly finquent eracoation of the intestinea. 

Diary, (diVre) n. [L. diariwn.] A register of 
daily occurrences; a journal: a blank-book 
dated for the record of daily memoranda. 

Diatonio, (di-a>ton'ik> a. [G. dia and ttinein.'\ 
Pertaining to the natural moaioal acale of eight 

DlAtdbe, (di'a-trib) a. [G. dia and tribein.] A 
oontinoed diaoonrse or disputation ; — an iureo- 
tive harangue ; a strain of reviting. 

DibUe, (dit/1) n. A pointed hand Instmmeni 
und to make holes tax planting seeds, Ac. 

SibUs, (dibl) V. t To plant with a dibble ;— 
V. u To dip, aa in angling ; to make holes. 

IMee, MSb) n. pL at die. A game. 

INoe, (dis) v. i. To play with dice. 

Dichotomy, (dt-kot'o-me) m. [G. dieka and tern- 
nein.] A cutting in two;— diatribution of 
genera into two species ; — growth by pairs. 

Diohrmnatte, (dl-kr&-mat'ik) a. (G. dit and 
chroma.'] Haring or producing two colours. 

Dicker, (dik'fir) *>• [I^ deeuria.] The number 
or quantity of ten. 

Dxok^y, (dik'e) n. A seat behind a oanriage for 
servantB, 4ux ;—« aham ftont of a ahirL 

Dieo^yiedoB, (di-kot^le'don) n. [G. dit and 
kotulidHn.] A plant whose seeds divide into 
two lobes. 

Dtootyled<moai, (dl-kot-^-lSMo-nus) a. ^ving 
two seed-lobes or ootyledona 

Diotate, (dik'tat) v. t. (L. dietare.] To speak 
with authority ;— to deliver as an order or di- 
reotion ;— to Instmot what is to be written; to 
prescribe ;~-to urge or enforce, as by ooiksdenoe 
car sense of duty ;-^. i. To deliyer or commu- 
nicate commanda 

Diotatt, (dik'tat) n. An order delivered; com- 
mand ; — a rule, principle, or maxim. 

Diotation, (dik-ta'ehun) n. Act of preaoribing ; 
arbitrary power or habit of ordering or admou- 
iahing ;— a school ezerdse. 

Dictator, (dik-tftfer) n. One who dictates ;— one 
who lays down rules and maxims for the guid- 
aoce of others;— one invested with supreme 

Diotatorial, (dik-ta-to^rs-al) a. Pertaining to a 
dictator ;— abaolnte ; imperious ; overbeariug 

Dictatorahip, (dik-t&t'tr-stiip) n. The office of a 
dictator ; the term of a dictator's office. 

DictioBi (dilr'shun) n. [L. dictio.] Choice of 
words ; manner of expression ;— style ; phrase- 


Dienonary, (dik'shun-ar-e) n. [F. dictionnaire.] 
A \)ocik In which words are alphabetically ar- 
ranged and exiUained ; a lexicon; a vooabulary : 
a word-bodk. 

Dietnm, (dik'tum) n. (U dicerf, to aay.] An 
anthoritativeaayingor assertion;— an apothegm. 

Did, (did) imp. of do. 

Didaetie,(de-dak'tik)a. [Q. didatkein.] Fitted 
or inclined to teach ; auitable for instruction. 

Didaotioa, (de^lak'tiks) n. ting. The act or sci- 
ence of teaching. 

Didaotvlons, (di-dak'til-us) a. [G. dit and dak- 
twtof. J Having two toes. 

Didappar, (dl'dap-p^r) n. [From dib.] A bird of 
the genus Columbus that dives ; dab-chick 

Didst, (didst). Sfcond person imperfect of do. 

Die, (dO V. i. [Icel. deya.] To cease to live ; 
to expire ; to become extinct ;— to iiade away; 
to decay;— to recede, as light or sound; — 
to wither as a plant ;— to beoome vapid, as 




liqnon:— to become indUTeretit to ;— to periah 

Die, (di) n. [F. oM.] A mutll ctibe, marked on 
its laoee with epots, from one to liz, used in 
gaming ; haard ; chanoe ;— any small cubical 
body ; — ^the piece of metal on which la cut a 
device to be inipreaied by stamping, as on a 
coin, medal, paper, card, &c 

Diet, (di'et)n. [Q. diaita.] Habitual food: 
yiotuala -.—course of food selected with reference 
to health ;— cdlowanoe of provision. 

Diet, (dTet) v. C To feed ; to fiimiah proTision ; 
to board; to cause to eat and drink sparingly or 
by prescribed rules;— v.i To eat; to eat ao- 
oordiog to preecTibed roles. 

Diet, (di'et) n. [L. dittat tmm L. dte«, day.] A 
legialatiTe or administratiTtt assembly meeting 
from day to day; — in Scotland, the days in 
which parties in a proceas are cited ; assembly 
for public worship. (rules of diet. 

Dietary, (di'et-ar^) a. Pertaining to diet, or the 

Dietary, (di'et-ar-e) n. Kule of diet; allowance 
of food; especially in almshouses, Ac. 

Dietetio or Dietetioal, (di-et-et'ik) a. Pertain- 
ing to diet, or to the roles for regulating the 
kind and quantity of food to be eaten. i 

Dietetics, (dl-et-et'iks) n. »inif. That part of the 
medical or hygienic art which ralates to diet or 
food ; the science of detei-mining what is moat 
nutritiva and wholesome in articlee of food. 

Differ, (dif 'cr) r. i. [L. dU and /«rre. J To be or 
stand apart : to be unlike;— to disagree ; — ^to 
quarrel ; to be at variance. 

Differenoe, ^difcr-ens) n. Act of differing ; state 
of being discordant, or unlike;— disagreement ; 
disseu'don ; point in dispute; occasion of quar- 
rel; — that by which one thing differs from 
another; chaxaoteristio quality; — remainder 
after subtraction. 

Different, (dif'cr-ent) a. Distinct; separate; 
not the same ;— unlike ; dissimilar. 

Differential, (dif-cr-en'she-al) a. Creating a dif- 
ference; discriminating; specioL 

Differential, (dif-cr-en'she-al) n. An increment, 
usually indefinitely small, given to a variable 

Differential thttmometer, (dif-ff r-en'she-al th^r- 
mom'et-^r) n. A thermometer for measuring 
minute differences of the temperature. 

Differently, (dif'tr-ent-le) adv. hi a different 
manner; variously. 

DiAoult, (dif 'e-kult) a. [L. diffieilu.] Notea^ 
to do or perform ; hard to be executed ; aooom- 
pushed with pains and effort ;— hard to pleaae ; 
not eaaily managed : not yielding readily. 

Difflenltly, (dif 'e-kult-le) adv. With difficulty. 

Diificult^, (dif 'e-kul-te) n. [F. dificuM.] Btete 
or quality of requiting labour to make, perform, 
or deal with: — a thing hard to accomplish: 
olMtacle ; hindrance ; — toiisomeness, as of 
ascent ; perplexity, as of mind ; oljection, as 
to belief :*-«mbarraBsment, as in business : en- 
tanglement, as in conduct of aiEairs ; differenoe, 
as between parties ; — ^impediment, as in utter- 

DiAdenee, (dif 'e-dens) f%. Distrust ;— want of 
confidence; lack of self-reliance: modest reserve; 
— baahftilnees : modesty : timidity. 

Diffident, <dtf 'e-dent) a. [L. di0idefa.] Wanting 
oonfldence in others ; — wanting confidence in 
one's self :— timid : modest; bashliil. - 
Diffomity, fdif-for'me-te) n. Divenitj of 
form : iiregnWity : diaaimilitade. 

DIflbM, (dif -IIIO 9.t {L. dis and fundtre. } To 
pour out and sprsad, as a fluid ; to send oat in 
all direcUona ;— dnmlate ; dispone; pnhlisL ; 

DiAiae, (dif-fOs') a. Poured ont ; widely spread: 
copious ; verbose ; prolix. 

DiihiMdly, (dif-fOz'edle) adv. In a diAued 
manner ; with wide dispenion. 

Dii!uaedneM, (dif-fOz'ed-nes) fi. State of being 
widely spread. (verboeely. 

Diflhaely, (dif-fOs Oe) oife. In a difiVise manner : 

Diffuaeneaa, (dif-IIUi'nes) n. Quality of being 
diffuse : lack of conciseness ; verbosity. 

Diffusible, (dif-filc'e-bl) a. Capable of being dif- 
fused; that may flow or spread in all directions. 

Diffuaion, (dif-fa'chun) n. The flowing, aa of a 
liquid ; the expansion, as of light or air : the 
spreading abroad, aa of tnitn ; cireolation ; 
spread: propagation. 

Diiftaaive, (dif-fQs'iv) a. Having the quality of 
flowing or expanding ^->having power to 'cir- 

Diflnaivenan, (dif-fiis'iv-nes) «. (^ality or eteto 
of being difliisive or diffuse. 

DiiTf (dig) v-t- [A -8. dieian.] To tnni and 
throw up, as the earth; to loosen or remove 
with a spade or other instrament : to delve ; — 

' to excavate ; — to pierce ; to thraf>t in ; — w. a. To 
work with a spade or other like iostmment ; 

Di|^, (dig) n. A thrust ; a poke. 

Digest, (de-jestO v. t [L. di and fiererc, to bear, 
carry.] To distribute into classes, or under 
heads ^->to think over: to reflect upon;— to 
bear with patience: — ^to dissolve in the stomach, 
as food;— to prepare by heat for chemicai 
change ;— v. t. To undeigo digestion ;— to be 
prepeied by heat. 

Digeat, (dl'Jest) n. That whieb is classtfied and 
arranged ; — a collection of laws arranged under 
proper titles:«-any compilation of literary or 
legal materials ;— summary ; abridgment. 

Digested, (de-Jest'ed) a. Arranged in proper 
order ; concocted in the stomach. 

Digestibility, (de-jest-e-bU'o-to) n. (^ualitv of 
being digestible. [digeO^Hl 

Digestible, (de-Jest'e-bl) a. Capable of being 

Digestion, (de-jest'yun) n. [L. digewtio.] Act 
ok digeating: ciaasiflcation;— oonversion of food 
into chyme;— preparation by heat and moisture. 

DigaatiTe, (de-jeet'iv) a. Causing digestion ; per- 
tiuning to digestion. 

S^inWi (dig'er) n. One who digs : a delver. 

I^in^fft (dig'ing) n. Act or place of digging ;— 
pL Places where ore, espedally gold, is dug. 

IMgit, (dij'it) n. [L. digitus, a finger, the 16ih 
part of a Roman foot.] A fln^?— a finger's 
breadth, or three fonrths of an inch; — integer 
under ten ;— a 12th part of the diameter of the 
sun or moon. [or to digits. 

Digital. (di)'it-al) a. Pertaining to the fingrn 

DigitalU, (dij-it-al^) n. [L. dtpitv*.] A genus 
of plants used medicinally aa sedative, diuretic, 
ana narcotic : the fox-glove. 

Diffitatien, (di)-it.&'shun) n. A diviaion into 
finger-like processes. 

Digitigrade, (d^lt-e-grad) n. An animal that 
walks or steps on ita toes, as the lion, wolf. Arc 

Dignify, (dig'ne-fi) v.t. (L. dtpnusand/ttortr.] 
To invest with dignity ; to give distinction to ; 
to exalt; to honour; elevate : ennoble. 

Dignitaiy, fdig'ne-tar-e) fi. One who 
exalted lank, eipeoiaUy aoolialartiflal n 




Dicaitj, (dic'iwte) a. [L. diiHUa*.] State of 
bains warthj or honoozable ; noble chancter 
or dinoBtion: moral exoellonoo; higb tone 
of Cnluig : graTo and stataly mien or depori- 
moni; high rank or official station:— « dignitair. 

Pigiiie, (de-gree') v.i [L. di and gradi,] To 
tarn aside ;— 4o torn fhun the main tabject or 
couno of aKBoment;— to torn fTom<UM right 

M (de-grah'nn) n. Aot of digroBs- 
jug : a part of a dinonne doTiating tnaa the 

(de-gxeah'un-fll) a. Pertaining to, 
or coniiating in oigxeaBion. 

IHgnamf, ( d o gi e a 'iT) a. Departing from the 
n&ain sattject ; expatiating. 

S&ke, (dik)«. [A. -8. die.] A channel for water 
made by digging:— a moand thrown np to pre- 
Tcnt low fajDOB from being inundated :— « wall- 
liJca miM of mineral matter, filling up flatures 
in atimtified rocks. 

Bike, (dik) v. L To rarround or protect with a 
dilBB or bank ; — ^to drain by a dike or dikesw 

nOafOWste, (de-las^fir-at) v. t. (L. di and lacerare.] 
To mad asonder ; to tear : to separate by force. 

Dilaeerstien* (de-las-^r-a'sbun) }». Act of rend- 
ing asonder. 

JNlapidate, (de-W^dilt) «. t, [L. du and Zapw.] 
To soflSsr to fiUl into decay : — to diminish by 
waste and abuse; to squander ;— v. i. To get out 
o# fanair : to become decayed ; to go to ruin. 

BOuaiatiao, (de-lap-e^a'shnu) n. Aetofdilapi- 
daang, or state of being dilapidated: — decav of 
cfaovA nropefty. [being dilatable. 

Mata^my, (ds-Ut^bU'e-te) n. Quality of 

BOatebla, (de-UtVbl) a. Capable of expan- 
or extension ; expansiTe : elastia 

(dll-a-ta'ehun) n. [h. dilatatio.] 
Ad at dilating ; expansion ; the state of being 

lUlato, (de-latO v. (. [L. di and latui.} To enlaige 
or eoctMMd: to relate at large ; — v. i. To expand: 
to swell or extend in all directions ;— to speak 
largelj and copiously : to expatiate. 

BilfliH', (de-Ut'cr) n. That which widens or 
cxpamis : a muscle that dilates any part. 

IHlafedriljri (dUVtor-e-le) ade. With deUy: 
tardily. [of being dilatory. 

IKIatariaaaa, (dil'a-tor-e-nes) n. The quality 

Hilaiaij. (dira-tore) a. (Ll dilator.] Tardy: 
off-patting ; intended to makedelay ;— inactiTe ; 

DikasBa. (de-Iem'a) n. [O. di and Umma.} An 
argiiment which presents an antagonist with 
two altamattres, but is equaliy oonclusire 
ncr*'*'* l>im« whicherer he chooses ; — a perplex- 
iag state or altematire ; a difficult or douDtful 

JHlsttuta. (de*le>tant%) ti. [It.] An admirer of 

tlfte Una arts :— an amateur :— cue who dabbles 

ia art or seiaiioe fkom caprice or for amusement. 
IKligeaca, (dil'e-Jens) n. Willing and earnest 

•Ourt ; steady application ;— industry; aaiiduity: 

—attention : constancy . 
Biligaat, (dire-Jent) a. [L. dilipent.) Constant 

in work: laborious: penevenng ;— oadduous ; 

— awlufctiii : industrious. 
IMlifeBtly, (diTe-Jent-le) adv. In a diligent 

manner : with industry or sssiduity. 
DOl, i^y a. [A. -8. dil, diU.] An annual plants 

the seeds of which are pungent and aromatic. 
PiTait, (dU'd-ent) a. pL dilutrt.} Diluting; 

— -^^'-g thinner or weaker by admixture. 

IMlnflBti (dil'A-ent) «. That which dilutes, 
thins, or weakens any thing by mixture. 

Dilute, (de-lOtO v.t. [h. diluere.] To make 
thinner or more liquid by admixture :— to di- 
minish the strength, flaTonr, colour, die. of; to 
reduce ;—v. i. To become attenuated or thin. 

Dilation, (de»lu'«han) n. Aot of diluting or state 
of being diluted. 

Difanrial or Dilavian, (de-iaVe-al) a. [L. dilu- 
viwn. ] Pertaining to or produced by a deluge, 
more espedally by the deluge in Koeh's days. 

DUuTialist, (de-lu've-al-ist) n. One who explains 
geological phenomena as resulting from the 

DUuTium, (de-lii'Te-um) a. [L.] A deposit of 
superficial loom, sand, gravel, pebbles, &c., 
caused by former action of the sea or other 

Dim, (dim) a. [A-S. dun.] Not bright or dis- 
tinct; of obscure lustre or sound: — dusky: 
mysterious; tamiehed. 

Dim, (dim) v. t. To cloud ; to render obscure; to 
darken : — to dull ; to sully : to tarnish. 

Dimmnion, (de-meo'shun) n. [L. dinutiri.] The 
extent of a body :— measurement in a single 
direction, as length, breadth, height, or thick- 
ness; — definite extent or bulk;— reach; im- 

Dimidiate, (de-mid'e-fit) a. Divided into two 
equal parts ;— appearing as if halved. 

Diminisn, (de-min'ish) v. t. [L. diiainuere.] To 
make smaller; to leiaen tlie extent, strangth, 
Talue, or authority of; to weaken ; to reduce ; 
to impair ; — v. i. To become or appear less or 
smaller; to shrink; to contract. 

DiminiahaUe, (de-min'ish-«-bl) a. Capable of 
being diminished. 

Diminuendo, (dim-in-fi-en'dd) adv. [It.] In a 
gradually diminishing mamter;— a direetiou to 
decrease the Tolume ot sound. 

Diminntion, (dim-e-nfl'shun) n. [L. diminutio.] 
Act of diminishing, or state of being dimin- 
ished ; reduction in 8i2s, quantity, degree, or 
value. [miunto; little. 

Dimiautiiw, (de-min'il-tiv) a. Of small size : 

Diminutive, (ue-min'ii-tiv) n. Bomothing of very 
small sise or value ;— « derivative from a noun, 
denoting a small thing of the same kind, qual- 
ity, or nature. 

DindnutiTolj, (de-min'fi-tiv-le) adv. In a dimi- 
nutive manner. 

DimintttiTeness, (de-min'S-tiv-nes) n. Smallncstc 
littleness; minuteneas; want of bulk or im- 

Kmiieory, (dim'is-or-e) a. [L. dimittere.] Bond- 
ing away ; dismissing to another Jurisdictiuii. 

Dimitj, (dim'e-te) n. (G. dimitot.] A kind of 
stout, white, cotton cloth, ribbed or figured. 

Dimly, (dimie) adv. Inadim or obscure manner. 

Dimmuii, (dim'ish) a. Somewhat dim ; indis- 
tinct ; rather obscure, or of weak sight 

Dismess. (dim'nes) n. State of being dim : 
dulnem of aif^t or of apprehension ; iudistiuct- 

Dimorphism, (di^mor^fizm) n. [G. dl and ni6r- 
phi.] The property of crystallizing in dilTereot 

Dimorphou, (di-mor'Ais) a. Occurring under 
two rorms ;— crystallising under two forms. 

Simple, (dim'pl) n. A slight natural depression 
or cavity on the cheek or chin. 

Dimple, (dim'pl) v. i. To form dimples;— 4^. t 
To mark with dimplwfc 

va ; 

Bin, (din) s. (A.-S. dtpii.) Lund, itsnnini 

Sin, (din) v. c. To itrikn wllh ctmtlnasd a 
nanfliKid •onnd ; to iton irlth npixi 

Xina, (din) f. 1. [F. iHiifi', Ii dit «nd jfjimnrt 
to &it.] To ]Hrta]i4 of (be piinoipAl ia«J o 
the d»j : I" <*k« dinoor;— p, i. To girl a din 

JHm, (<iiiie)ip.i, [A.-8. Jln^B.] TotnltiwiU 

IHbc, (ding) H. A tliniap or atroka. 
Sinf-doiVf (ding'daiif) tt. The Aonnd of baUB 

JHfj. (din'ja; 
UKdlnth. fc 

Btuta of being dinsr- 


■. (BangilH.] A 

n Indlei;— a ulp'i I 

fiinrlneu, (din'Je-D( 

Blnite, (dtnrtl),n. a n»rn..r ui 

DiDiy, (dln'Je) a. [Allied to dii 

■"■ The priucipAl 


lo-tbyn-um) n. (0. d 

nuunndferm, found in ij! 

Mnitn of the tertiitr | ^ 

Diot, (dint) n. A blow; n I 

power exartod ; the ,^ W 

muk miide bf t Moir. ^ T 

oiTitj on. b)' ■ blow ur hf preun 
Siooens! (di oe'ei-ui) n.' A binho 
nioeau, iirb-mct) n. [0. ifim'tr 

Siopbinl. (di-optrlkul) a. [O. d 

! The lUi- 

Lha nfhictiiiii of 
That part of 

a, UiToqgh, and 

Bnd coloured b 
Dlaimmio. {dl-o-i 

Bip. (dip) N. Action of dipping :—[nclin.lioB 

^pelljSni, (di-poi's-ldl) n. fO. rfil, llonblo, 
■nd prialon, a leiiC) Ueiing two flower lesvu 


Si^theriL (dlf-tb?'ni-ji) n. fO. dipkUtm.l 

DIphthsBCCdifthBiig, dip^ODE)*. [0. diiuid 


phlkoffiit ] A union of two Towel •oasde pro- 
mnuHoJ iu one irllablt. 

SiBhtlieiB(*l, (dlf-thong^t, dlp-ttong'gil) a. 
Belonging to e diphthong. 

DiplAB^ (de-plo'niA) n. [G. dipldaui.] A wilt- 
ing or inatRiment coiLfnring eomo «nthoritj, 
pnTilege, or honour. 

lUplmAr, (de-pliyiiufli) n. (TYom tflplgmn.) 
Tha ert of condocting roletlone with (breign 
etatA ; proceai or forme of negotiation ; — doi- 
tedtT and ekill in negotiating : tact 

Siplnmat* or Siplouliet. (di^iir-mul) n. One 
wlio ii ikUlsd In diplotnnc;. 

Slplomiitici, (dlp-le-Dufike)!!. riiiir. Tlieedenoe 
of diptomu, or of rending amiant wrilingi, 
litsnij nod pablio decumnil', Ac ; paico- 

Sipper, (dip'gr) n. One who or thiit which ilipa: 

DipptDf* (dip'li]g)n. Act of plenglngor immen- 
ing in weter : — inclination downwaxd. 

Dippin^needla) (dip^g-Tift^) n, A nagnotic 
needle euipondod » — ■- -.?i=^ 

picuie, and Indla^nj 

oonOnnoddronkan- " 

pteraui orDipttnl. (< 
.r.u.) fl. flaring _ 

win^, ai among ineecta, THiiphig _ 
or wing.likB ptotohh, u In jonia ]>l4nt«. 

Dire, (dir)a. [L. dinit.] Evil in a great dcgtrie : 
dreadful : horrible : loTriblo. 

Siieiit, (da-i«ktO '■ V-- dimlui) Btni|;ht. 
leading to a point or end ;— etraigbtforwaj-l . 
■incera ; — immsdiate : unainblgnone : plain: cr- 
Vnjm-. abaoluCe ;.— In the line of deeoent: ql^i 

Dirtet (de-rektlr. (. (L.dfHjKK.l To point w 
aim at :^to ehow the right road : to gnuie : — L> 
preecribo a eoniao ;— to regolota ; to goiem ;— 

addiw npon ; — to enpencribe ; — f. i. To pia 

Sireetion, (de-nk'ihnn) «. Act ofaliniBf. ttt7\- 

■oriptjuu ;~«upenaiptlun : addiiea :— liiis or 
point of tendeniTj ;— a btntd of diraetArt ^r 

re, (de-re 
r. (ie-rek 

ikCli) a 



DireollT, (de-relitle) adr. In a itialght line; 

atndgbtfoTwardlj ; ei pmil; ; -~ atndgblhaf ; 

Immediatfllyi^u toon aa. 
Direotneaa, (de-rekt'nea) «. BCata or qnalil)' of 

tha affaire of ■ rvm- 


eulUid h 


Direotonite, (do-reVlfrflt) n. Tha bodf of direr- 
Dirwitgnhip, (de-nk'tf r-ahip) n. OOnoraiU- 

ti<^; inTtrncting; 




(dB-nk1feor<e} «. A guide or rnlft ;— 

» rale tor tbe floodact of wonhip ;'^-a book oon- 

XiiruDf the vaam and iwideDoea of the iaha- 

Utants flf a jibet :-« baard of directfKi. 

IKzhMx, (dMikCdki) n. A woman who gorerna 

or dirMte;--iB g a u m e ti i, the line or plane 

•long wfckh aeUier Imo « © 

wplAMii«lfondloinoTe * 

ia the fWMnUuL of > plane 

or sou <giii«:~« gtnigfat 

line n ritaneii with leapaet 

to a eone avtion thai the 

dtena ofaay point of the 
I (vrrafroaitlueaooiDstant' 

ncbtotbedktanoeofthe DUwtri^ 

, ■aepoiBt from the foeua ;— « line C D, drawn 
at ri(^ lagiaB to the axia A D, wh«n prodnoed 
totdiitaaoe D from the Tertex £, equal to the 
dttUDceertbe Tartez £ ftvm the focus A. 
BiRfU, (dhtoAJ) a. Dire ; dreadftil ; terribla 

^^mfoOy, (dir'fidlle) adv. OxeadAUly ; terriUj; 


^^' i^SiD ». A pieoe of muic of a moumfiil 
'^anOer ; a fimenU chant. 
'^bM^k. CSoot ijicri:.] A kind of dagger 

J>»rt. (<lpt) a; [ToeL ifril.] Any fbal or filthy 
mhttnm, aa excKment, eartii, mud. drtpt, Ae» 
^i^» (dcrt'e-le) adv. FUthily; aotdidly: 
^anly: bMely. 

«rtiaeii, (d^rfe-oei) n. State of being dirty ; 

^Alaew : bttenem ; aofdidneuw 

Krtr. (derlTe) a. Fool or filthy; defiled; 

0^7 ; ZDxxT;~faMe : groreUing ; mean ; low. 

«rtyT (dcrte) v. t. To fool: to aoil ;— to tar- 


Jwlilj, (di»arfaavte) n. [Ph)m dUa&?«.l 
•lot «f power or ability ;— want of intellec- 
^ Realty ^-^want of It^al standing or quali- 
*<3t»B ; ioeompetcncy. 

«nll», (dia-a'bl) v. f. To render unable or in- 
ajahte; to dsprire of phyncal or intellectual 
^««r: to nuke aoflt lor SBrrice ;— to deprire 

««feMe.(diK-ba*Or.«. [P. denlnuer.] Toftee 

&va auBiake ; to andeoeiTe ; to eet right 

Kn^natige, (dia-ad-ran'tlU) n. [F. daavan- 

^.^ ] Deprirxtioo of adTantage ;— that which 

'1'^*^ agalnat or hindera mooen ;— ii^uiy; 

^^»*<viate«e, (dia-ad'Tan't^ v. t. To ii\}nn 

•^i^tontofaay kind; toprejndicei 
^w^natefetM, (dia4id-Tan-tlO'S>tt«) «• At- 

'•'^^ with diaadTantage ; — nufkroorable to 
/*■''(• cr proepe rlty : ineonTooienl 
««iviitige0aalj, (diaad-vaa-t^e-tia-le) adv. 

K I doMlTaAtageocia manner, 
ftufcet, (dis-af-fekf) r. t. [L. di« and a#c<T^] 

ic^ilnnste the alBKtion of ; to fill with diacon- 

Vat .^to diilike. 

^«ftetGd,(di»«ffek'ted)a. Alienated ; diecon- 
^ted— Mid ci the eoemioi of the goremment. 
^'I'^SBBtieB, (di*«f-fak'Bhun) n. State of being 

-«&ded or onfHendly: want of good-will ;— 
^'^r: heetility. 
^^o^CdSaaf-fermlv.C [L. di« and c^mo.] 

i'j aim the oontniy ol ; eontntdici. 
*"«w^ (dia-a<r«r) w. f . fF. a^i«r, L. di# and 

'7'%.) To £dl to aoeord or agree; to be at yari- 
-^ :— to diAr In opinion ;— to be unsuited. 
^-••grenZda, (dfe^griTarbl) a. Not agreeable : 

SSmT*'^ ^ ^^ ^'''^ or aenaei;— nnplcMant; 

PliagieeabliBeii, (dia«-gTBr»-bl-nee) n. Un- 
■nitableneaa ;— oflbnaiTeneai to the tenaes ; nn- 
pleaaantneM to the mind. 

Inaagveeahly, (dii-»ipf€'a-b]e) adv. In a dlaa- 
greeable manner. 

Inaagreenunt, (dis^a-gre'nient) n. Act qf diea- 
greeing, or state of being diaagreed ;— differenoe 
of opinion ; — unsaitaUJenesB ; — Tari&noe ; dia- 
eenaton; dispute^ 

UaaUow, (dSe-al-lowO v.t. [L. di« and f, 
alUnur]. To refliae to permit, authorize, or 
sanction ; to disown and r4«ct :^v. i. To reftiae 
pexmiasion. [not to be suffered. 

Siaallowahle, (dis-al-loVa-U) a. Not allowable ; 

DisallowaBoe, fdis-gd-loVans) «. Act of disal- 
lowing; — pronibition; condemnation;' rejec- 
tion. [TOid: to nullify. 

BiaaBnnl, (dis-an-nul') v. f. To annul ; to pander 

Siamear, (dis-ap-pCrO v. i. [L. di* and appa- 
rere.] To Tanisn from the sight ; to withdraw 
from ohserration ;— to cease to be. 

Biaappearanoe, (dLMtp-pSr^ans) «. Act of dis- 

IMsappeint, (dis-ap-pointO *• '• (^ <2)« and ap- 
point] To deftat of expectation or hope ;— to 
hinderof result;— frustrate: balk. 

IMsappoiBtaent, (dis-ap-point'ment) n. Act of 
disappdnting, or state of being disappointed ; 
fkilure of expectation or hope ;— miaoairiage ; 

]>iaapprolM.tia&, (dis-ap-pro-b&'shnn) n. [L. dU 
ana approbart.'] Act of disapproring ; mental 
condemnation of what is Jtiaged wrong or in- 
expedient ; expression of blame or censnrCL 

IMsaranqpriation, (dis-ap-pru'pre-a-abun) n. Act 
of anenating church property. 

Disapproval, (di» ap-prOov^al) n. Disapproba- 
tion : act of finding ikult or objecting to. 

I)iaiqpprov«( (dis-ap-proor^ v. t. To pass unfii- 
Yourable Judgment upon: to censure: — to 
reftise oflBcIal sanction ; to disallow ; to reject. 

IHaappnmngly, (dia-ap-prdov'ing-le) adv. In a 
dinpproving manner. 

Biaarm, (dis-4rm') «. t. [L. dit and amm.} To 
deprive of arms or of the means of attack or 
defence :— to render liannless. 

Sisannamtaty (dis-Ann'a-myent) n. The act of 

Diaanaage, (di»«-rai^') v. t. [L. dU and F. 
arranger.] To unsetUe or disturb the older or 
due arrangement of. 

DiaoxraagemcDt, (dis-o-rSqJ'mont) n. Act of 
disarranging ; conftision : disorder. 

Disarray, (dis-a-r&O v. t. [L. dis and Nor. araie.] 
To throw into disorder : — ^to undress; to unrobe. 

XMaarrsT, (dis-o-raOtt. Want of array; disorder; 
confusion ;— undress : dishabille. 

Diaasaoeiate, rdis-as-sd'she-at) v. t. [L. dit and 
»ociu$.] To disunite ; to disconnect. 

Disaster, (diz-as'tsr) n. [F. ditattre.] Anunfor^ 
tnnate event ; a sudden misfortune ;— cala- 
mity ; mishap ; mischance. 

Diaaateona, (diz-as'tms) a. Unlucky; Ul-starred ; 
unpropitious ;-— unfortunate ; calamitous. 

Diflwtnaaly, (dia-as'trus-le) adv. In a disss- 
trons manner. 

Diaavoneh, (dis-o-vonoh') v. t. [L. dii and 
Nor. vctuher.] To disavow ; to disclam know- 
ledge ot 

Disavow, (dis-o-vowO v. t. [L. di» and F. a vowct*. ] 
To rtftue to own or acknowledge, to deigr 
responsibilitv, approbation, and ihe Uketi — 
disown; disMlow. 




BiflftTOWBl, (dis-ft-Tow'al) n. Act of diaaTowing . 

Bisbukd, (dis-bftiid') r. t. [L. dU and Sw. band. 
Sax. banda.] To disperBe : to break up military 
orgaDization; to diamin ftom aerrioe in general; 
— V. i To be broken up or acattered; to ^uit 
military Mrrioa [banding. 

Ditbandment, (dia-band'ment) n. The act of dis- 

Diabelief, (di»-be-lBf n. [L c2w and Sax. ^«/eq/; 
fff leaf an, to beliere.] Reftisal of credit ; denial 
of belief ;—aoeptici8m ; doubt ; unbelief. 

Sisbeliave. (dia-bd-lfiy) r. U Not to believe ; to 
hold not to be true or actual; to reftue credit to. 

Diabelietrer, (dis-bS-lgT^er) n. One who die- 
trufita or reftuea to believe ; a aoeptia 

Siaburdan, (dia-bui'dn) v. L [L. di* and Sax. 
bydtiit a burden.] To remove a burden from ; 
to diacharge of a weight or incumbrance ;— to 
relieve, aa the mind i-^. i. To empty or dia- 
charge ; to be relieved. 

Siaburaet (dJa-buia') v. t. [L. dia and F. houru.'] 
To pay out ; to expend. 

Dtaburaamentr (dia-oun'ment) n. Act oi diabura- 
ine or paying out ;— that which ii paid out. 

DiaDurtnen, (dia-bui^Tuen) v. i. To diabunlen. 

Disc, (diak) n. A flat circular plato or aurfiEice ; 
—the visible projection of a celeetial body: — 

' the width of tne aperture of a toleacope. 

Diaoard, (dis-k&ad') v. t. To tlirow out of the 
hand a« uaeleaa cazda ; — to diamisa as no longer 
of service :— diachaxge ; cashier. 

Siaoer&« (dla-acrn') v.t [L. dU and ctmere.} 
To behold aa aeparato; to note the distinctive 
character of;— to perceive and recognize; — ^to 
p(ux)eive with the mind ; to apprehend ; — o. i. 
To make distinction ; to discriminate. 

Diaoemer, (dia-acm'cr) n. One who or that which 

Siaoeroible, (dia-eem'e-bl) o. Capable of being 
discerned ;— perceptible : manifest. 

Biaoendbleneaa, (dia-ecm'e-bl-nea) n. Quality of 
being discernible. 

Diaeemibly, (dia-asm'e-ble) adv. In a manner 
to be discerned. 

Diaceming, (dis-ssm'iag) a. Having power to 
discern; diacriminating ; iMsetrating ; acute. 

Diaoomment, (dis-scm'ment^ n. Act of discern- 
ing ;— judgment ; penetration ; sagacity. 

Siaoharge, MLs-ch&HO v. t. [F. deeharper.] To 
unload a snip ; to disembark cargo ; — to fire off 
a gun ; to let fly a missile; to utter, as abusive 
language; — to pay a debt; to receipt an account; 
to give acquittance to a bankrupt ; — to absolve 
ftom an obligation ; — to diunisa trom service; — 
to clear trom an aocuaation :— to aet free ; to 
release ;-r-to execute, as a comnuaalon, trust, or 
function ;— to emit matter trom a aore ; — r. i. 
To throw off or deliver a load, cli&rge, or burden. 

Diacbaxge, (dia-chaxjO n. Act of discharging ; — 
release ; performanoe ; execution ; acquittance. 

Siaoiple, (dia-si'pl) v. t. To train; to bring up;— 
to convert ; to make foUowen or adherents. 

Siaoiple, (dis-st'pl) n. {Jt. ditctre.} One who re- 
ceives instruction from another;— echolar; pu pil; 
follower; adherent; partisan; supporter. 

Siaoipleahip, (dis^'p1<ship)n. The stete of being 
a disciple or follower. 

SiaoiphnaUe, (dia'ae-plin-a-bl) a. Capable of 
being disciplined ; — deserving to be disciplined. 

Siaoiplinaziaa, (dis-se-plin-a're-an) n. One who 
teaches or rules with great strictness ; a mar- 

fiisoiplinary, (di^se-pl!n-ar-e) a. Pertaining to 
discipline ; ixistruction or goverzunent. 

DiMipUne, (dia'ae-pUn) n. [L.dUciplina.} Ed- 
cation; training of the mind; formation of man- 
ners;— sul^ect matter of inatmction; course of 
atudy;— method of training ; rule; government ; 
penal infliction ; correction ; duitisement ; — 
military law or command ; — infliction of church 
censure ; — self-inflicted punishment ; mortiflca- 
tion of the fleah. 

Diaexpline, (dis'ae-plin) r. f. To educate; to de- 
velop by instruction and exercise;— to bring 
under control ; to drill;— to improve by correc- 
tive and penal methoda 

Diaelaim, (dis-klamO v.U [L. dij and clamare. ] 
To reject all claim to ; to deny ownership of, or 
responsibility for ; to disown ; to disavow. 

Siadainier, (dia-kl£m'cr) n. One who disowns, 
or renounces ; — a renunciation ; disavowal ; 

Diaoloaa, (dia-klfizO v. (. [L. dU and F. c7o«.] To 
bring to light ;- to make known, as a secret ; to 
reveal in words ; to impart ; — divulge. 

Diacloaure, fdia-kloz'ur) n. Act of diaclosing ; 
— that which la disclosed or revealed. 

Discolour, (dia-kul'er) v. t. [L. diteolorJl To 
alter the hue or colour of; to atoin ; to tinge ; 
— to alter the appearance oC 

Biaeoloaratioai, ^Ls-kul-fr-A'ahun) iu Act of 
discolouring; — diaoolourednwt; atain. 

Diaoomflt, (dia-kum'flt) v.t [L. du and amfieerf.^ 
To scatter in flght ; — to break up and frustrate 
the plana of ,"— disconcert ; defeat ; vanquish. 

Disoomflture, (dis-kura'flt-ur) n. Act of di»- 
oomflting: rout; defeat; overUirow; frustration. 

Diacomfoxt, (dis-kum'fcrt) n. [L. dt> and cmu.- 
fori.\ Want of comfort; uneasineas; disturbanoe 
of peace ; inquietude. 

Diaoomfoit, (dis-kum'fcrt} v. t. To disturb the 
peace, or happiness of ; to sadden ; to deject. 

Biaoommend, (dis-kom-mend') r. t. [L. dit and 
cemiMndare.l To mention with disapprobatiuu; 
to blame ; to censure. [Blame ; oenaoro. 

SiaeommendatioB, ( dia-kom-mend-a'shun ) n. 

Diaoommon, (dia-kom'un) v. t. To deprive of the 
right of common: to appropriate common land. 

Diaoompoaa, fdis-kom-p&r) r. (. [L. dU and com- 
pose.'] To oisarrange ; to throw into disorder : 
to destroy the equanimity of ;— diaconoert ; agi> 
tate ; ruffle ; vex. 

Diaoompoaed, (dis-kom-poasd^o. Unsettled; d!a- 
ozderod; agitated ; disturbed. 

DiaoompoBiire, (dift-kom-p6'zhflr) i;. 8tato of 
being disoompoaed; disorder; agitetiou; per- 

Disoonoert, (dia-kon-eQrf) v. t. (L. d{« and c<m- 
eert.\ To break up the harmonioua progreoe of ; 
to throw into disorder ;— to unsettle the mind ; 
— concise ; disturb; fiiistrate. 

Diaoonneot, (dis-kon-nekf) r. t. [L- <^^* and cf>n- 
neeUrt,^ To dinolve connection ; to aeparato : 
to sever. 

Diaeonaeotion, (dis-kon-nek'shun) %. Act of sepa- 
rating or stete df being sepaiated; disunion. 

Diaoonaolato, (dia-kon'so-l&t) a. [L. di» and 
eonttAari.^ Destitute of ooxnfort; deeply de- 
jected ; melancholy ;— eaddening ; cheerlen. 

SiscooDiolatdy, (dis-kon'sd-l^t-lejadr. InadiA* 
oonsolato manner. 

Diaoontent, (dia-kon-tenf) n. Want of content ; 
uneaaineaa and inquietude of mind ; dissatia&c- 

Diaoontent, (dla-kon-tenf) v. t. [L. dig and con- 
tent.] To deprive of content ; to make nneasj ; 




(diB-kon-tenVed) a. Uneaaj; cU«- 
,; ttnhapi>y; nuMnbie. 

" r* (di^-kon-tent'ed-le) adv. In a 
dLnootaDted naiiner or mood. 
DiaeoiatnitaBtati (di*-kon*teaVment) n. The state 
of iMiiig ditoontented ; unttumeai ; inquietude. 
DiaoootiBaaaM, (dia-kon-tin'fi-aiia) n. [L. di» aud 
eoAfiKKiu.] Act of diaoontinuing, or the state 
of being diaoointiaaed ;— ceaiatioii : iuterruptiou; 
•epaiatioa; disanion. 

Piamwitiiroalien, (dis-kon-tin-fl-3L'ahan) n. Breach 
at antoiTupiion of continuity ; intarmiasion. 
Diaeaatiaiia, (dis-kon-tin'u) r. t. [h. dii and 
ftUinuart.] To intermit, aa a nractioe or 
baJtxt ; to pat an end to ;^to break the oou- 
tiaoity of: to disunite : — 9. i To loaa continu- 
ity or cohesian of parts : —to be separated ; to 

laity, (dia-kon-tin^O'e-te) n. Want of 
ocntianity or cohesion ; disunion of parts. 
Diaaaatjaaooa, (dia-kon-tin'u-us) a. Not oon* 
nnix0aa ; interrupted ; broken up ; disrupted. 
Discord, (dia^rd) a. [L. dl» and cw. ] Want of 
omooid or agreement : Tarianoe leading to con- 
trTntikm and strife ;— oombination of discordant 

(dis-kord'ans) n. State of being dis- 
conlaai; disagreement; inconsistency. 

Biaaordaoty (dia-kord'ant) a. Being at Tarianoe ; 
f:a«h'»'g ; opposing ;— >not in harmony or must- 
cmI ooooonl ;— dissonant ; harsh ; jarring. 

lXaeaida::tf27, (dia^koid'aut-le) adi\ In a dis- 
axdant Banner. 

BiaeMDBty (discount) n. (Prefix dU kuCl couHt.'\ 
A warn zaftinded tn making a purchaae or uay* 
mcnt ; a tnulo allowanoe on settlement or ao- 
oowata ; — a deduction made for interest in 
adwrnttOMm money upon a biU not due. 

^rrr***^i (dia-kountO r. (. [Prefix di* and count.] 
Jo advaoce money on a bill or other security, 
dedooting the term interest at a certain raie per 
eeatw ;— «. i. To lend, or make a practise of 
**^*^«g money, abating the discount. 

Biasa II ■labia, (dis-kount'a-bl) a. Capable of 
being diaoonnted. 

7>iB(iimHtaiiami«. (dia-koun'ten-ans) v. t. [L. dU 
SLd eaujUenanet.] To put out of oounteuanoe ; 
to abash; — ^to refuse support or approval to : to 

Ihaeaotanaace, (dia-koun'ten-ans) n. Unfa- 
vo-axafala aspect; cold treatment ; disapproba- 

ThaniHinlni, (dia-kount'cr) a. Oue who dla- 
^oonts or advances money on bills, notes, dsc 

Aiaaoonig*, (dla-kur'I^) v. t. (L. dii and F. 
msrage.'] To deprive of confideiioe ;— to deter 
frna ; to disheartou with respect to;— discoun- 

(dis-kur'^J•ment) n. Act of 
divoacaging; or state of bein^ discouraged. 
Kaoomac (dia4eorO n. [h. diteurtui.} Mental 
|io«rer at reasoning ftom premises;— oral treat- 
aaat or exposition of a subject ; conTenation ; 
—a fbcmal dissertation or treatise ; a sermon. 
(dis-kors') v. i. To exercise reacon ; 
talk in a continuous or formal manner; — 
ti> traat of in writing : — v. t To utter or give 

[destitute of good manners. 
(dia-kurt'e-us) a. Uncivil ; rude ; 
I7, ( dia*kurt'e-UB-le ) adv. In a dis- 

, (dia-kurt'e-ae) n. Want of courtesy; 
of behaviour or language ; inciTillty. 

Biaeover, (dis-kuv'f r) v. t. [L. dii and F. eourrtr. 
To exix>se to view ;— to make known ; — ^to hav< 
the first sight of; to espy :— to obtain the fin 
knowledge of ; to find oat ; to detect. 

DiaeoTerable, (dis-kuv'er-apbl) a. Capable o 
being disooTered. 

SiaooTezy, (dia-kuv'cr-e) tu Acfof discovering 
disclosure; — rerelatiou; — that which is dis 

Biseredit, (dis-kred'it) n. Want of credit or re 
pntatlon; some dagree of dishonour or dis 
esteem ;— <listmst. 

Diaoredit, (dis-kred'it) v. t. [F. d4xrefUt€r.] T< 
disbelieve :— to deprive of credibility:— to de 
prive of good repute ; to bring reproach upon 

Biaereditable, (dis-kred'it-a-bl) a. Tending U 
injure credit; injurious to reputation ; disre 
putable. [creditable manner 

Siacreditahly, (diskredlt-a-ble) adv. In a dis 

]>iaere«t,(dia-kr«t')a. [L. </itere(uaj Possessec 
of discernment or discretion : wise in avoidiui 
error or evil, and in the adaptation of meaui 
to ends ; — sagacious : wary. 

BiaoxiMtly, (dia-kretle) adv. la. a discreet man 
ner; prudently. 

Biaerapaacy. (dia-krep'an-ee) n. DlSei^nce : con- 
trarietpr; disagreement: variance ; inconsistency. 

Biaoration, (dis-kresh'un) n. [L. diicrttio.] 
Prudence : wise management ; power of order- 
ing vrisely one's conduct or aflairs ;— liberty U 
act aooording to one's judgment. 

BiaoratioiiaUy, (dis-kresh'un-al-le) adv. At dis- 
cretion: according to discretion. 

Biaoietionary, (dls-kre8)i'un-ar-e)a. Left to dis- 
cretion : unrestrained except by discretion 01 

Judgment [iug. 

BiacretiTe, (dis-kret'iv) a. Disjunctive; separut 

BaaerimiBate, (dis-krim'in-at) v.t. [h. din 
eriminare. ] Toseparate; — to mark as different, 
to distinguish by a note or sign : — ^v. t. To make 
a diiftrenca or distinction ; to distinguish. 

Biaertmiaata, (dis-krim'in-at) a. Distinguished; 
having the difference marked. 

Biacriininataly, (dis-krim'in-&t-le) adv. Dis- 
tinctly : minutely ; particularly. 

Biaoximination, (dia-krim-in-a'sbun) n. Act oi 
discriminating ;— state of being discriminated. 

Biaoriminative, (dis-krim'in-at-iv) a. Harking 11 
difference ; distinctive ;— observing distinctlous. 

Biaerimiiiativaljt (dis-krim'in-&t-iv-le) <tdv. 
With discrimination or observance of due dis- 

BlaeuzaioB, (dia-knr'shun) n. [L. dii and currert.] 
Expatiation ; desultory talk ; — act of reasoning. 

Biaouraive, (dis-kurs'iv)a. Rational : proceodiiiij 
by process of argument, or fh>m premises tc 
conclusions :->deaultoTy ; rambling. 

Bisouraively, (dis-kuxs'iv-le) adv. In a diBcur- 
sive manner. 

Biaoua, (dislcus) n. A quoit :— a disk. 

Biacnaa, (dis-kuaO «• t- [u. dit and qtw iert. ] To 
break up ; to dispetse ; — to examine and debate 
a subject : to sift ; to ventilate ;— to partake of, 
as viands, dse. 

Biaeuaaian, (dis-kush'un) a. Act or process tA 
discussing ; examination by argument ; dol>ate. 

Bisoutieat, fdis-ku'she-ent) a. [h, divculkta.] 
Serving to oinMrse morbid matter. 

Biadain, (dis-dftn') v. t. [L. dii and dignari.] 
To consider unworthy of notice or regard, ^c. ; 
to look on with contemptuous indifi'ereuoe : to 
soom— said of others ;~to regard aa unworthy 




of one's own chantcter, ix. ;— r. i. To be filled 
with ooatemptaoiu anger. 

JMadaia, (dis-dfln') n. A feeling of contempt and 
ayenion: — eoom; ooiTtempt; arrogance. 

BiadainAil, (die-dan'fOAl) a. Fnll of disdain; 
expneaing oiedain ; aoomfol ; oontemptuoos. 

JMadainftilly, (dis-di&n'fuOl-le) adv. In a dia- 
dainfU manner. 

BifldaiBfolneia, (dia-danfuAl-nes) it. State of 
t>^iig diedainftaL 

DiaaaM, (dix-e^ m. [Prefix rfi« and tote,} Lack 
(tf ease ; uneaaineas ;— a morbid or nnhealthy 
condition of body; sickiiem— applied figura- 
Hrely to the mind, to institutions, &a; dis- 
order; malady. 

Biaeaae, (dt£-e£^ v. t. To afflict with a malady 
or sickneai ; to disorder ; to derange ; to infect 

Diaembazkf Qiia-em-bark') v. t. [F. df»embarqutr.\ 
To pat on Bhoro; to land ;— r. i. To go on land; 
to debark. 

Biaembarkatioa or Siaembarkment, (dis-em- 
b4rk-&'shan) n. Aot of disembarking. 

JNaembaaraas, (dia-em-bar'as) v. t, [Ij. dts and 
tmbarrau.\ To fkee ftom doubt or perplexity. 

Biaembarraumaat, (dis-em-bar'aa-ment) n. Act 
of diaembazzassing. 

BlaambeUiah, (dis-em-berish) r. t. To deprlTe 
of embellishment. 

IMaembitter, (dis-em-bit'tcr) r. t. To f^ from 
bitterness or acrimony. 

IMaambodied, (dls-em-bodld) a. Divested of the 
body: separated, as the soul fh>m the body. 

lUaambodyi (dia^m-bod'e) v. t. To divest of the 
body; — ^to discharge from mUitaxy ocganiaation. 

DiMmbogna, (dis-em-bogO v. t. To discharge at 
the mouth, aa a stream ; to vent ;— r. i. To get 
a vent or escape from. 

Diaambowel, (dis-em-bow'el) r. f.> To take out 
the bowels or entnils of; to gut 

Oiaambroil, (dis-em-broil') v. L To tree fh>m 
perplexity or conftision ; to disentangle. 

SisMudiaikt, (dis-en-chant^ v.(. To firee fnm 
enchantment or spells ;— to undeceive. 

Diaendiaatme&t, (dis-en-ohant'ment) n. Act of 
disenchanting, or state of being disenchanted. 

Biauomnbor, (dis-en-kum'bcr) v. t. To free tnm 
encumbrance, doss, or impedimenta. 

JHaanenmbraaoeiCdis-en-kumlnanB))*. Deliver- 
ance fhnn any thing burdensome or trouble- 

Diaanfaga, (dis-en-gflJO v.t. To separate; to 
dlsentane^; to clear from impediments, diffi- 
culties, and the like:— to withdraw, as the mind 
or affections from ; to wean ; — ^to i-elease ftom a 
promise or obligation; — r.i. To withdraw 
one's affections; to become free from engagement 
or obligation. 

Siaengaged, (dis^en-gi^Jd) a. Free from business 
or occupation; vacant; at leisure. 

Biaangagement, (dis-en-gi^'ment) it. Act of dis- 
' ig; exizication:— state of being disen- 
[;— freedom fhnn engrossing occupation; 

IMaaBaobla, (dis-en-nybl) r. f. To deprive of 

that whidi ennobles ; to degrade. 
Biaentangle, (dis-en-tang'gl) r. t To unravel ; 

— to separate things interwoven or commingled; 

— ^to extricate ; to free from peiplexity. 
IMaeiitaaglemeat, (dis-en-tang'gl-ment) n. Act 

of disentangling. 

Biaenthnme, (dl«-en-tbr5n^ v. t. To dethrone. 
"'* -«tltle. (difl-eu-ti'U) v. t. To deprive of title 

Siaentemb, (dia-en>tMmO v. t. To take out of a i 
tomb. [a tmnoe. 

Biaentranee, (dis-en-trans^ r. f . To awaken fWuu | 

Siaeatabliah, (dis-es-tablish) «. t. [IHm ami , 
eMtablish.] To deprive of the position and jmvi- 
leges of an Establishment. 

Diae sto em, (dis-es-ttai') n. [L. du and tUtmare.] \ 
Want of esteem ; disUke; dia&vonr. 

Diaestaam, (dis-es-tAn') v. t. To feel an absence 
of esteem for ; to regazd with disapproval ; to 

DiaestimatioB, (dis-es-tim«ft'shan) n, l>u- 
esteem; disfavour; bad repute. 

Sisfiivonr, (dis-fa'vcr) n. Want of fovour ; di»- 
esteem; disregard;— an unkindness; a disdblig- 
ing aot. 

Disfkvour, (dis-fS'ver) t. t To withdraw favour 
fh>m ; to disesteem ; to discountenance. 

IHafigure, (dis-fig'iir) v. e. To mar the figure or 
appearance of; to defiioe ; deform. 

Sisflgnrement or Diafigoration, (d&s-fie^-ment) 
n. Act of disfiguring, or state of being dis- 

DiafraaohiM, Mii-fran'ehTz} v.t (L. di» and F. 
Jranckiu.) To deprive ox a franchise or char- 
tered right; to uiBpossess of the rights of a 

IMafranchiaamant, (dis-fhin'chiz-ment) n. Act of 
diafranchiaing or state of being diafiranchised. 

Diagorge, (dia-gori^ v.t. [F. degorprr, the 
throat.] To cijeot fhmi the throat or month ; 
to vomit ; — ^to pour forth with violence, as from 
the mouth of a stream or volcano ;— to give up ; 
to make restitution. 

IMagorgamant, (dis-goxj'ment) it. Aot of dia- 
iprging; that which is disgraged. 

Biagraoe, (dis-gr&s') n. [L. du and gmtin,^ 
Lack or loss of fiivour >- that which bringa dia- 
honour; cause of shame ;— reproach ; discredit. 

Diagraea, (dis-grfisO t*. t. To deprive of fsvour ; 
— to bring reproach or ahame upon; to dis- 

Diagzaoaftd, (dis-gr&s'fodl) a. Bringing disgmoe 
or dishonour ; causing shame : infamous. 

BiagraoeftiUj, (dis-gr&i'fodl-le) odr. In a dia- 
grniceftil manner. [nesa ; ignominy. 

BiagraoeftilBeaa, Mis-gtfisYd61-nes) n. shameAii- 

Diaguiaa, (dis-gfar) v. t To change the appear- 
ance of; to conceal by an unusual dreai; — dia- 
semble ; mask ; connterfeil 

Biaguiaa, f dis-gis') n. A dress or exterior put on 
to couo^ or dteeive; — fidse appeanmce ; maak. 

Diaguat, (dis-gusf) n. [L. du and gu»lu*.'\ I>ia> 
reush; aversion to what is unpleasant to the 
organs of sense; loathing; dislike; repogniuioe. 

Biagnat, (dis-ffusf) v. t [L. d'u and gvHeirtJl 
To provoke disgust in; to'offend the taate of : to 
excite aversion. [to diagnat. 

IKagOBtiittly, (dis-gust^ing-le) o<{«. In a manner 

Dish, (dish) n. [A.-S. due, dtx.] A veasel vxMd 
for serving up food at the table; victuals served 
in a dish ; any particular kind of food. 

Dish, (dish) x. t. To put in a dish, ready for 
serving at table ; — to moke like a dish ; — to 
frustrate or disappoint. '' 

DishaUne, (dis-arbilO u. [F.] An undress; lix«a 
dress; deshabiUei 

Dishearten, (di»-h&rt'n) v. t [L. dit and Aevrrf . \ 
To deprive of heart, courage, or hope."— dispirit ; 
discourage ; d«!jeot. 

Diahevel, (de-she v'el) r. t. [F. dieheveler.\ To 
suffer to hang in a looee manner, as the bair ; 
to ravel 




(du-on'est) a. [L. dis and F. 

koneU.) Wanting in honesty : fraudulent ; .diii- 
to deoeiTo or cheat ; — uuchaate. 

(diMm'est-Ie) adv. In a dishonest 

IKahoBertj, (diA-on'ett-e) n. Want of honesty, 

probitj, or intcgri^ ;— diahonour ; uuduutity. 
SulMBoar, (dis-on'sr) n. Disgrace ; want of 

honour ;— ehame ; reproach ; opprobrium. 
Bialuaioiir, (dis-on'cr) v. t. [L. dis and fionor.] 

To deprive of honour ; to bring ahamo on ;— to 

tTGAt with indignity; — to violate the chastity 

of ;— to refuse to accept or pay— said of a dratt 

or acceptance. 
BiahoDocamble, (dis-on'cr-a-bl) a. Bringing dis^ 

hftnour ; shameful ; — wanting in honoui* : 

shameleB. [ourable manner. 

r, (di»«n'§r-a-ble) adv. In a dishon- 

»o, (dlB-in-kUu-a'shun) n. Btate of 

being disinclined ; want of propensity, desire, 

or alBictlon ;--unwil]ingneaB ; dislike ; avenion. 
Bwnidinft, (dis-in-klinO v. t To excite dislike or 

arenkio ; to make averse. 
SifliBooBrpaoEmte, (dis-in-koT'por-ftt) v.t. [L. dit 

and coTfna.} To deprive of coi^rate powers ; 

to disunite a corporate or established society. 
TMairMw ii p eratien, (di»-in-kor-por-&'shun) n. De- 

FriTaUon of the pririlages of a corporation. 
IHaiBCeett (dis-in-iekV) v. t. To cleanse fh>m in- 

/ecCion; — ^to irazity ftom contagious matter. 
IKsxafectant, (dis-in-Cakf ant) «. That which 

dudnfacta ;— agent used to disinfect, as chlorine. 
HJaaageawmM, (dis-in-Jen'u-us) a. Not noble or 

hi^-toned ; — ^wanting In candour or fhmkness. 
Binnhisitf (dis-in-hQi'it) v. t [L. dU and 

herrts.] To deprive of an inheritance. 
SiBakaiteaee, (dis-in-hsz^it-ans) ». Actofdia- 

OiaistaizaUe, (dis-in'te-gn-U) a. Capable of 

se^sratkm into ports. 
IKaataczmte, (dis-in'tS-grat) v.t. [L. dU and 

isLtf^mreS] To sqwrate into int^nnt ports^; — 

to destrojr tlie entirety or unity of. 
fli amt e gia tiim, (dis-iu-te-gra'shun) n. Act of 

disintegzstin^, or state of being disintegrated. 
BSalater, (dis-in-tcxO t?. t To take out of the 

ffare ; — to bring out to view; to resuscitate. 
^ ' * ' ■t'*. (dis-in'tsr-est-ed) a. [L. dia and 

F. iAtertMer.] Not influenced by refpird to 

pezBonal advantage ;— unbiassed : impaxtiAL 
Kntcrestedly, (dis-in'tfir-est-ed-le) adv. In a 

dwizifterBsted manner. 
IKsiiituwitwIiirM^ (dis-in'tfir-esi^-Des)n. Free- 

iijta fiom UaSyitr^udioe, or personal feeling : 

ixapartiality ;— diar^;ard of personal advantage 

orjooftt. [terring. 

Saaatsnnant. (dis-in-tcr'ment) n. Act of disin- 
Soiathnd, (dis-in-thrawl') v, t. To release from 

bondage, physical or mental ; to emancipate. 
JKsalkrBliBent, (dia-in-thrawl'ment) n. Enuui- 

diMStkni : libera^on from constraint of any kind. 
(dis-JoinO V. t. To part ; to disunite ; to 
; — ^r. i. To be separated ; to part. 
(di^-ioinf) V. t. To sever a Joint ;-^to 

teparate at junctores : to break in pieces;— to 

bi%ak the natural order and relations of : — v. i. 

To faU or break in pieoef. 
Diqoiatod« (d^joint'ed) a. Separated at the 

>>tnts ; put out. of Joint :— incoherent ; . uncon- 

Di^jesBtadMn, (dis-Joinf ed-nes) n. State of 
ffeparatioa or incoherence. 

(dis-Jungltshun) n. {h. dia and 

yufiffere.] Act of disjoining; disunion; sepa- 
ration. ' 

BiipunotiTe, (dis-jungk'tiv) a. T«iding to dis- 
join ; sex>arating ; disjoining. 

IKquBotive, (dis-Jungk'tiv) n. A disjunctive 
conjunction ;— a disjunctive proposition. 

Di^unotively, (dis-jungk'tiv-le) adv. In a dis- 
junctive manner. 

Biak, (disk) n. [Q.dUkon.] A flat circuLar plate; 
— a quoit ; — ^the face of a celestial body ;— the 
whole sur&oe of a leaf ; — the central part of a 
radiate compound flower. 

Dislike, (dislikO n. Want of liking or inclina- 
tion ; aversion ;— disrelish; distaste ; antipathy. 

Sialike, (dis-UkO v.4. To regard with aversion; 
to disapprove ;— to disrelish. 

Dialooata, (disld-kat) v.t [L. <fi« and loem^.] 
To displace ; to disjoint ; to put out of Joint. 

Pial o oation, (dis-lo-ka'shun) n. Act of displacing; 
—a diiBijointuig ; luxation ;— a bone or Joint dis- 

Sialodge, (dis-loJO r. t. To drive from a place of 
rest, hiding, onaefenoe; to ramove, as troojis, to 
other quarters : — v. i. To go from a xilaoe of 

Bialodgment, (dis-loj'ment) n. The act of dis- 
lodging, or the state of being dislodged. 

DialcmX, (dis-loy'al) o. [Di* and loyal.] Failing 
in allegianoe to the crown ; — fiUse in love ; — 
unfEdthAil to the marriage vow ;— x>erfldious ; 

ZKslejally, (dis-loy'al-le) adv. In a disloyal man- 
ner; treAcherously. 

Disloyalty, (dis-loy'alte) n. Want of loyalty ; 
lack of fldehty ;— unfiiithftilnMa in love. 

Diamal, (dii^mol) a. Gloomy ; sorrowful ;— dork; 
horrid ; direftd ; calamitous ; melancholy. 

DianaUy, (diz'mal-le) adv. In a dismal manner; 
gloomiiv; sorrowfhlly. 

Dimantie, (dis-man'tl) r. t. [Di» and mnnttf.] 
To deprive of dress; to strip; — to throw off, as a 
doak, — to deprive of apparatus, furniture, 
equipments, defences, fortificatious, rigging, <£c 

Diamaak, (dis-maskO i'*. t. To unmask. 

Diamast, (dis-masf ) v. t. To take out the masts 
trom a ship ; to break or carry away the masts. 

Daimay, (dis-m&Qv. t. [Sp. desmayar.] To de- 
prive of strength or courage ;— to fill with fear 
or apprehension ; to affright ; to appal 

DisBoay, (dis-maO ft. Loss of courage: sinking 
of the spirit;— a fear ; terror felt ; — state of 
alarm and consternation. 

Dismember, (dis-mem'ber) r. t. To divide limb 
from limb ; — to strip of its essential parts. 

Diimembennettt, (dis-mem'ber-ment) n. Act of 
dismembering, or state of being dismembered. 

Diamias, (die-mis') r. f. [L. dU and viittere.] To 
send away; to permit to go: — ^to remove from 
office or employment; to discharge;— to despatch ; 
— ^to discontinue ; — to re;]ect. 

Diimiasal, (dis-mis'al) n. Dismission; disehu^e. 

Diamission, (dis-mish'un) n. Act of diunissing; 
—removal from office ; discharge. 

Diamount, (dis-mountO v. i. To come down:— to 
alight fh>m a horse;— r. L To bring down from 
an elevation; — to throw fh>m a horse; — to 
throw or remove cannon fh>m carriages. 

Diaobedienoe, (dis-d-be'de-ens) n. [L. di» and 
i^}€dientui.] Neglect or reftisal to obey. 

Diaobedientf (dis-d-be'de-6nt) a. Neglecting or 
refhdng to obey. 

Disobedientily, (dis-o-be'de^nt-le) adv. 'In a dis- 
obedient manner. 




Diaobey, (dis-o-blO v. t. To neglect or reftue to 
oTmv; to break or tratuigreas the oommiuidB of. 
DitoDUc*, (dii-^-bliJ') r. t. [h. di$ and obligatio.^ 
To offend by an act of aukindueai or incivility; 
to be nnacoommodating to. 
DiiobUcingly, (dift^-bl^'ing-le) adv. In a dis- 
obliging manner. 

Disorder, (dis-or'dcr) n. \L. dU and ortlo.] 
Want of order; irregularity: confusion ;~ dis- 
til rtmiice of tbe bodily functions : indisposition ; 
— tli«turbauce of tbe mental Auctions ; dlscom- 
])0»ure : mental derangement; — violation of 
piiblio rule and law ; unsettled state ; tumult. 
Disorder, (dis-or^d^r) v. t. To disturb the order 
uf : to throw into confusioi^; — to make sick. 
Disorderly, (dui-or'd^r-lo) a. Conftised; irregu- 
lar ;—lawlen;—vioiouf: loose. 
Disorganixation, (dis-or-gan-e-xH'shun ) n. De- 
struction of organic form ur structure; subvert 
Mon of order or system. 

Disorganise, (dis-or'gon-Iz) v. f. [Ll dU and F. 
oi'paniiur.] To break tlie organic structure or 
HViittim of; to throw into disoitler. 
Disown, (dis-On') v. (. To refUse to own or ac- 
knowledge ; to renounce ;— disavow ; disclaim, 
disparage, (dis-par'iy) v.t. [Norm. F. de$j)a- 
raget'.] To unite uneaually; to lower in rank 
or ostimatiou; to undervalue ;— decry ; depre- 

Disparafsmeat, (dis-par'i^j-ment) n. Unequal 
nllianoe ;— unjust comparison ; unfair represou- 
tntion ;--<iepreciation : detraction. 
Disparity, (ais-])ar'e-te) )i. [L. di»par.] Inequal- 
ity in form, character, or degree ;— diOereuce in 
nge, rank, or oxoellenoe. 
Dispark, (dis-pdirk^ v. t. To throw open, as a 
IKirk :— to set at large. 

Dispart, (dis-pilrt') v. t. [L. dii and F. partir.) 
To iiart nsiinder ; to divide ; to split ; — ^v. t. To 
HeiMirate ; to open ; to cleave, 
^ispassioaats, (dis-pash'un-Ht) a. Free ftom 
l)ajMion : unmoved by feelings ; — ^impartial ; — 
i\K)I ; com))OBed ; serene : unniffleiL 
Dispasdonatsly, (dis-pash'un-at-le) adv, With- 
Dut i>assion ; calmly; coolly. 
Dispatch. See Sespatoh. 
Dispel, (dis-iMsl') v. t. [L. c^iji and pfVen.] To 
drive away : to scatter ; to dissipate : to banish ; 
- -r. t. To fly difiereut ways ; to be dispersed, as 
dust or clouds. 

Dispensable, (dis-pens'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
iH^petiflOil or disiwnsed with. 
DisiMmaaiy, (dis-|)ens'ar-o) n. An institution for 
supplying the iMor witli medical and surgical 
Htlvictf, and with medicines gratuitously ; — the 
!«hop or place in which medicines are prepared. 
Dispensation, (dis-iiens-iVsliun) ». Distribution ; 
net of giving or dealing out :— tbe dealings of 
(ivttl with his creatunw : general distribution of 
K\xhI or evil in tlto divine economy ; — the por- 
tion Ur mode or form of God's dealings, em- 
Uxliod in laws, rites, and promises : tlie Mosaic 
di<<iHM)sati(»n : tlie Chri»tian dispensation ;— in 
tlu< Komish dmrch, a licencd to do wliat is 
forbiddon, oi' omit what is commanded; ex- 

Dispensa^Uny, (dis-pens'a-tor-e) n, A book of di- 
itvtious for oompoundiug medicines ; a phar- 

Dispense, (tli««-pens^ r.L [L. di* and yioufert.] 
W* d^'al or divivio out in )iarts :— to apply, as 
1a\^ 9 tfO particular comjs ; — to make up a modi- 
i luo : — r. i. Tu excuse fhMU ; ta grant a dis- 1 

pensation, as fiom dutj, obligation, or tow; — ^to 
do without. 

DiK^Mnscr, (dis-pens'er) *»• One who distributes 
or administers ; a compounder of medicines. 

Dispeople, (dis-p6'pl) r. t. To empty of inhabi- 
tants by war, pesfblenoe, or expulsion. 

Disperse, (dis-pcts^ v. t. [L. dU and Mpnrf/ere.'] 
To scatter here and there; to distribute; to 
spread, as knowledge, light, drc ; — ^r. ». To 
separate ; to ^ in didisrent directions. 

Dispenionf (dis-ptr'shun) n. Act of scattering 
or dissipating^ ;— state of bdng scattered. 

DispersiTe, (dis-pcrs'iv) a. Tending to separate 
and scatter ; capable of dispersion. 

Dispirit; (dis-pir'it) v. t. To depress the spirits 
of;— dishearten; oiscourage; d^ect; damp. 

Displace, (dis-plfisOv. ^ [F. dephteer.] To chango 
the place of; to remove ; to put out of place ; — 
to disorder ;— derange ; dismiss ; discard. 

DiQdaoemeat, (dis-plas'ment) n. Act of displac- 
ing, or state of being displaced ; removal; dis- 
charge;— quantity of water displaced by a float- 
ing body, as by a ship. 

Displaat, (dis-iuantO v. t. To root up a plant ; — 
to remove from the natural or usual place. 

Dinlay, (dis-pULO v. t. [F. deploytr.] To un- 
fold ; to spread wide ; — ^to exhibit to the eyee or 
to the mind; to manifest: — ^to set in Tiew 
ostentatiously ;— V. i. To make a show, esxio- 
oially in talk. 

Display, (dis-pla') n. An unfolding; exhibi- 
tion ; manifestation ; — ostentatious show ; pa- 

Displease, (dis-plez') v.t. [L. dit taxd plnefrf.l 
To oifend ; to excite disapprobation or dislike; 
to make angry ; — ^to disgust, as the tasta. 

Diraleaaing, (dis-plec'ing) a. Disagreeable and 
offensive to the mind or the sensea 

Displsaaure, (dis-plezh'Or) n. The feeling of one 
who is displeased ; irritation ; — ^that which dis- 
pleases ; offence : — disapprobation ; diaUke. 

Inapliime, (dis-pldm') r. t. To strip of plum- 
age ;— to divest of badges of honour. 

Disport, ^dis-poi-t') n. Flay ; sport ; pastime. 

Di^rt, (dis-porf) r. t. [F. daportrr.] To play ; 
to move lightly and gayly ; — r. t. To divert or 

Disposable, (dis-pfiz'a-bl) a. Subject to dispoeal ; 
disengaged ; free to be bought or employed. 

Disposal, (dis-poc'al) n. Act of disposing ; orderly 
distribution ; — ^power or right of bestowing ; — 
dispensation ; arrangement. 

Dispose, (dis-poiO f . (. [L. da and ptmtrtJl To 
set in order ; to arrange ; to acQust ;— to assign 
to a service, object, or purpose; to adapt; tu 
Incline the mind of. 

Disposed, (dis-posdOa. Inclined: minded: ar- 
ranged; set in order. 

Dispoiition, (dis-po-rish'on) «. The act of dis- 
posing ; regulation ; — the state or manner of 
being disposed ; arrangement ; tendency ; pro- 
pensity ;— inherent or acquired Drame of mind ; 
inclination ; — distribution, as of estates ur 
goods; deed of gift 

Dispoaaesa, (dis-poz-xeO ^'^ ^ P°t ont of pos- 
senion ; to ^ject. 

DispoBseesion, (di8-poz-aeah*un) A. Act of putting 
out of possession: the state of being dispoesesaed 

Dispraise, (dis -pros') n. {J>i» and pixxi»e\ 
Blame; censure; reproach; dishonour; dis- 

Supnuae, (dis-prBiO tr. t. To withdraw pnuse 
firom; to osDsare; to blame. 



' ----- — ~^— .-..>■ .-^-- . 

-irfTBr»T-i r-<>iii-M 


', (di»-pr6af ) n. [L. dU and Sax. jiro- 
.fCan. ] A proving to be falw or erroneotia ; con- 
I 'ftataAion. 
BiapnportMm, (di<-pz6-por'«han) n. Wont of 
pfoporiion or of ByrnmetTy : — ^want of Biiitable- 
nev or adhsquacy ; disparity ; inequality. 
Diiproportxon, (dis-prd-i)QT'8iinn) v. t. [L. dis and 
yroportio.} To make unsuitable ; to Join unfitly. 
Oiapsopattional, (dis-pr^-pdr'shun-al) a. Not 
haTiog due propor t ion : unsuitable in form or 
quantity ; unequal ; inadequate. 
I D iapiw ciraMially, (dia-prft-por'shun-al-le) adv. 
I Unciutab^ ; inadequately. 
Di apnip a it i on a t e, (dia-pro-pdr^shun-at) a. Not 
proportioned ; nnaymmetrlcal ; unsuitabia 
3K sptwp < at ie nat«i1y , (dis-pr^-por'shun-at-Ie) adv. 
In a dssproportionate degree : unsuitably. 
BispniTaii, (dis-prMr'al) n. Act of disproving. 
Pi apf or e , rdiB-prddTO v- ^ [^ di*, prabait.] To 
' ptxyre to be &lae or erroneous ; to oonfute ; to 
' rafute. 

fiiapotaUe, (dis'pat-a-bl) a. Capable of being 
I disrated : liable to be called In question ; oou- 

IhqpoteDt, (di^pfit-ant) iu One who disputes; 
a eoatroveraiatist. 
1 Bi^atatioB, (dis-put-a'shun) n. Act of disput- 
ing; oontrorersy in words; — a college exerdse 
in argument and discussion. 
< Sispatattiinu, (dis-pflt-a'she-us) a. Inclined to 
dispnte : apt to cavil or oontrorert 
DiMgntm, (dia-puf) v, i. [L. dis and putare.1 To 
cootend in argument ; to argue a question for 
and against ; to discuss ; to debate ;— to strive 
in oppositioa to a competitor ; — v. t. To strive 

to maintain;— to oppose by argument; to call in 

Hispate, (dia-putO n* Verbal discucsion ; contest 
in wofdfl ana arguments. 

fiiaqoaliflaitioa, (dis-kwol-e-fe-kft'shun) n. Act 
of diaquaUfying or state of being disqualified ; 
disability; npeeiall^f^ legal dimbility. 

Diainmli^f (dis-kwore-f i) r. t. To render unfit ; 
toincapacitate; — ^to deprive of l^al capacity or 

Huralet; (dis-kwTet) n. Want of quiet or tran- 
quillity ; uneasiness ; anxiety. 

UaqpiMt, (dis-kwfet) 1. 1. [L. dis and quietui.] 
To render unquiet ; to make uneasy ; to dis- 
turb ; to harass ; to rex ; to fret 

]>iaq[a]«tiada, (dis-kwi'et-ud) n. Want of peace or 
*T Vwitiilli ty; nnnasiness; anxiety. 

Siaquaition, (dia-kwe-zish'un) n. [L. ilitquinlio.) 
A formal or systematic inquiry into, or discus- 
aon of, any sntirject ; a written treatisa 

UteMod, (dis-re-gardO v. t. [L. dU and F. re- 
ffardir, to look to.] To take no notice of; to 
otrorlook; to pay no heed to; to neglect; to 

Onngard, (dii-re-g&rd') ». The act of disregard- 
ing : omission to notice; indifierence. 

IKsnliiih, (difl-rerish) n. Want of relish; dis- 
taste; dislllce; antipetthy;— bad taste; uauseous- 

Biardiah, (dia-reVish) v. t. To dUlike the taste 

of; to ftel some disgust at. 
DiB^air, fdis'r&'p&r) it. State of being out of 

repair, or in bad condition. 
XKarepotablB, (dis-rep'ut-a-bl) a. [L. di* and lie- 

jmXatio. ] Not reputable ; tending to disesteem 

<«' discredit. 
SiBvpuiably, (dis-rap'&t-a-ble) adv. In a disrs- 

putanle manner. 

IMcrepatatioa or Disrepute, (dis-rep-fit-a'shun) n. 
Loss or want of reputation ;— discredit. 

Disrespect, (dis-re-spekf) n. Want of re- 
spect or reverence ; disesteem ; incivility; rude- 

Disrespect, (dis-re-spekf) v. t. [L. dii and rt- 
fpect.] To show disrespect to.' 

Diarespectftd, (dis-re-spekt'fool) a. Wanting in 
re8i)ect; uncivil ; unceremonious ; rude. 

DiarespectAally, (dis-re-spekt'fOol-Ie) adv. In a 
disre^iectful manner. 

Disrobe, (dis-robO v. t. [L. dis and F. robe.] To 
divest of a robe, or of that which dresses or 

Disroot, (dis-rMtO r. t. To tear up the roots of, 
or by the roots ; to extirpate : to undermine. 

Dian^tioB, (dis-rup'shun) n. The act of rending 
asunder; dilaceration; rent; breach. 

DissatiafaotioB, (dis-eat-is-fak'shun) n. State of 
being dissatisfied ; discontentment ; dislike. 

Diasatiafaotory, (dis-sat-is-fak'tor-e) a. Causing 
disefettisfiaction ; giving disoontent ; displeasing. 

Diasatiafy, (dis-safis-fi) r. t. [L. dis and satis- 
facerf.] To render unsatisfied or discontented; 
—to disappoint ; to displease. 

Diaaaot, (dis-sekf) r. t. [L. dis and secarf.] 
To cut up ; to cut in pieces ; to separate the 
parts of organized bodies in such a manner as 
to display their structure : to anatomize ; — to 
analyze into its constituent parts for the pur- 
pose of examination, as in science or criticism. 

Diaaectible, (dis-eekt'e-bl) a. Capable of being 

DisaeotioB, (dis-sek'shnn) n. Act of dissecting; 
anatomy;— acs of sepantting into constituent 
parts for the purpose of critical examination. 

IHaMetor, (dis-eekt'cr) n. One who dissects. 

Pianiae, (dis-sez^ v. t. [L. dis and F. saisir.] 
To deprive of actual seizin or possession ; to 
dispossess wrongfally. 

Dissemble, (dis-sema>l) v. t. [F. dissmbltr.] To 
hide under a fiilse appearance; to disguise; to 
mask ; — to make pretence of; to feign ; — v. i. To 
assume a false appearanoe ; to conceal the real 
foct or sentiments under some prttence. 

Disaeminate, (dis-eem'in-at) t*. (. [L. dis eund 
seminare.] To sow, as seed ; to scatter for 
growth and propagation ; — to difhise ; circulate. 

Xttflaemination, (auHsem-in-a'shun) n. Act of dis* 
seminating ; propagation; difl^ision ; dispersion. 

DiMension, (dis-sen'shun) n. [L. dissensio.] Vio- 
lent dissjpneement in opinion ; breach of Mend- 
ship and union; strife; qnarreL 

Disaent, (dis-senf) v. i [L. dis and sentitf.] To 
differ in opinion : to disagree ; — ^to differ fW>m 
the established church ;— to be of a contrary 

Dissent, (dtB-^enf) n. Act of dissenting; dif- 
ference of opinion ; disagreement ;— dedaiatioii 
of difference ;— separation from an established 

Diiae&ter, (dis-sent'cr) n. One who differs in 
opinion, and declares his difference ;— one who 
withdraws from the established church. 

Dissentient, (dis-sen'she-ent) a. Disagreeing; 
declaring dissent. 

THsifwitifmt, (dis-sen'she-ent) n. One who dissents. 

DisiiitBtian, (dis-«cr-til'shun) n. [L. ditsertatio.] 
A formal or elaborate discourse ; a disquisition ; 
an essay ; a written treatise. 

Diaserre, (dis^rvO v. t. To injure; to hurt; to 
harm. (chieC 

Diaaernee, (diB-tfirrls) n. Injury; harm ; mis- 

ohoy: W biBJi or tniiissMS "lo "'" 
BiMtlife, (ilia-a-Ht!) r, 1. (L. .(i. ill." 
Tn uffeiHl lir »n M' ",' ulJiliiduiMo ": 

Hiudcr, (iU>-or'afr) «. [L. rf^ i) 

InrlmuBof thoboililjfiinctiuii"; iml 
— lUitnrbmica of Uu nidiitul fuiictiuii 
noBiini; iiiBulal Utraiiscmont : — > i 
vublionilo nud Uw : v""'"' •^*"- 
ISHrdv, (dliHjr'dei) >. 

„™„, (Uli-ot-iki-le) c. Conflwxl, 
Igr ^Inwloa;— Tici"'"; 1™^ ., , 
THiitTI"''"""'! (illKn--g»n-ti-»|^ 

n <dui-i«ni) >-■- !■"","- ■■, 

To uliilo uiicnmll)^ ; to lowet ii. 
■ to uudoTT^uo j— dwry : 

t, (di.-ira'y-ninrt) n.. '"' 
alUan«.^-iaiO"t conimnwii ; uiJiur r> 1 
lation ;— dornicialion ; dulracUou. 
Diipiiritr, (di«-i«r-frU) "■ [L. .li«J«rl^l I 

Dup^'wis-iwrk-) t.(. To Uirow oi- 

DlfitlH CTl6ll 



■tien, (da-tinsk'shtm) n. [L. dittinctio.] 
tig oifr by risible ai^as ; aeparation ;— dis- 
tumg quality ;— estimation of differenoe ; 
t^icuoQB station : eleTaUon in rank or 
ft;— honorary mark or borlge. 
.e. (dis>tingktiv) a. Marking or ex- 
^ itidtinction or differenoe. 
:. (aiA-tin^ktle)a<{if. With distinctness; 

&s, (di»*th)gkVne8) n. The quality or 

-•ing distinct ; oleamess ; precision. 

.i>h, (dis'ting'gwish) v. U [L. dU and 

' To note the difference between ; to 

: .• characteriae ;— to discern critically : 

: ->to aepante by mark of prrferenoe or 

:■ < make eminent ; to exalt ; — v. i. To 

^iuctions ; to show the difference be- 

[of being distinguished. 

^UMble, (dia-UDg'gwl8h^bl)a. Ospable 

•^ je-tort") V. t. [h. dit and torquere.] To 

ffftiif imtural or regular diape; — to wiest 

true meaning. 

|di4-tor'shun) n. The act of twisting 
; — the state of being twisted out of 

ity ;— perrersion. 

trtiktO V. C (Lb du and trakere.] 

;— to divert ; — to draw toward 

ectft : — ^to perplex ; to conftase ;— to 

«; to craze—used in the XMist par- 

(dis-trak'shun) n. {L. distractio.] 

; stiporation;— oonAision of mind; 

the attention is disturbed by 

[acts or motiTes ; madness. 

flu') V. t. (L. distriuffere.] To 

trSn'er) n. One who distrains or 
debt or service. 

u. [F.detrene.l Extreme 

g of body or mind;->tbat which 

■u\g ;— a state of danger or neoe9- 

•ty ; misfortune ; — the act of dis- 

r. t To cause pain or anguish 
greatly ;— to seiae for debt, 
tresis a. Seveiely afflicted; snf- 
uue or calamity. 
tres'fdAl) a. Inflicting, indicat- 
ng from distreas; caJamitous. 
e, (dis-trib'Qtapbl) a. Capable of 

m, (diff>trib^at) v. t [L. tf m and tribuere.] 
« m ports or portions ;— to divide among 
I —to administer, as Justice;— to separate, 
l-Lsaes, orders, ko. : to give in oluuity; — 
I ' > make dirtributiou. 
.tum« (dis-tze-bfi'ahun) n. Act of distri- 
or dispensing ;— aim^vlng;— eeparation 
irts or classes ; arrangement 
atiiv*, (dia-trib'Qt-iv) a. Tending to dis- 
o: dealing to each his proper share ;>-ex- 
BpaxmtJon or division. 
J9, (di»-trib'ilt-iv) n, A word that 
g distiibntes a oollectlve number, as 

i2irtrikt)'n. [L. diatnetTU.} A limited 

m cooatiT; circuit; province;— a divi- 

narter of a ei'^* 

ia-truat^ v. t, [L. din and Dan. trotit.] 

r mmptcb; not to confide in or rely 

•tnist') n. Doubt of reality or «in- 
licion of evil designs; want of lUtiL 

Diatructftil, (dit-irust'f 661) a. Apt to distrust ; 
suspicions; — ^not confident; diffident. 

Distrustfully, (dis-trast'fOol-le) adv. In a dis- 
trustful manner ; with doubt or suspicion. 

Di airuatfu lnees, (dis-tru8tY6dl-nes) .n. Btato of 
being doubtful or suspicious. 

Disturb, (dis-turb^ v. t. [L. dit and turbare.] 
To stir; to discompose ;— interrupt ; interfere 
with ; — to throw into confusion; to disorder ;— 
to affect the mind ; to excite uneasineas ; to diis- 

Diatarbance, (dis-tnrVans) n. Derangement of 
the regular course of thingB;~oonftxsion of the 
mind ;— public commotion ;— tumult ; brawl ; 

Disunion, (dis-fin'yun) n. Disjunction : separa- 
tion ; state of diidsiou ; want of agraement 

IHannitai (dis-u-nlf) v.t. [L. du and It. ttiitre.] 
Tu destroy continuity or union ; — ^to break the 
concord of; — v. i. To part; to fidl asunder;— 

Disniage, (dis-Ciz'aj) n. Gradual ceasation of use, 
custom, exercise, or jnactioei 

Disuse, (die-US') ». Ceasation of use, practice, or 
exercise ;— desuetude. 

Disnaa, (dia^ux) v. t. [L. di$ and F. taer.] To 
cease to use or practise; to desLst firom employing. 

Diteh, (dich) m. (A.-S. die.] A trench in the 
earth, particularly for drcdnJng, Ac.;— a moat 
surrounding a fortress. 

Ditoh, (dich) v. t. To dig a ditch; to surround 
with ditches ; — v. t. To dig or make a ditch or 

Diftohisr, (dich'er) n. One who digs ditches. 

Dithyxambus, (dith-e-ramlras) n. [G. dtfAuram- 
(m>«.] An ode in honour of Bacchus or in praise 
of wine; — a wild, enthusiastic strain. 

Ditto, (diVo) n. [It. detto, contracted into do] 
That which has been said; the aforesaid thing; 
the same thing. 

Ditto, (dif 0) adv. As before ; in the same man- 
ner; iuao. 

Ditty, (dit'e)9i. [A.-S. diht.L. dictum.] A song; 
a lay ; a littie poem to be sung. 

Diuretie, (di-il-refik) a. Exciting the secretion 
and discharge of urine. 

Diurnal, (dl-um'al) a. [L diumv*.] Daily: 
recornng eveiy day ; performed in a day. 

DiuziuJ, (dl-um'al) n. A di^-book ;— a book con- 
taining the B<Mnan Catholic breviary. 

DiimaUT, (di-nm'al-le) adv. Daily : every day. 

Divan, Me-van')n. [Per. ditodn, A. daiw4n.] A 
Turkish counol of state ;— the council chamber ; 
— « kind of cushioned seat ;— a xniblic coffee- 
house for tobacco smokers. 

Divarioate, (de-var'e-kat) v. t. [L. dia and mri- 
cart.] To part into two branches ; to open; to 
fork -.—v. t. To divide into two branches. 

Divazieation, (de-var-e-kA'shun) n. A parting ; a 
forking;— a wide divergence;— intenection of 
fibres at difforent an^es. 

Dive, (div) v. i. [A.«S. dH^an.] To descend or 
plunge into water ;— to go deep into a subject, 
business, or oonditi<m, so as to be thoroughly 
engaged in it. 

Diver, (div'jr) n. One who dives .^—onc who goea 
deeply into a study or business ;— a bird of the 
genus Colymbidie, remarkable fbr their habit 
of diving. 

Diverge, (de-veij') i*. i. [L. di and rergfre.] To 
proceed from a point and extend ; to sprmd or 
shoot as rays ;— to deviate firom a given course, 
or from the truth. 




SisseveTf (diB-BeVfr) r. t. [L. tlU and teter.] To 
part in two ; to divide asunder ; to diauiiite: 

DiBMTeranoe or Diaoeveratioiif (dJJi-«ev'(r-auB) n. 
Act of diitsevering ; separation. 

Dissident, (dis'e-dent) a. [L. dimdtre.] Not 
agreeing ; disaenting. 

Biaaident, (dis'e-dent) ii. One who separates 
from the established religion ; a dissenter. 

Dissilienoe, (dis-siVe-eus) n. Act of leax>ing or 
stiirting asunder. 

Disttlieatf (dis-silo-ent) a. [h. di» and satire.] 
Starting asunder ; bursting %nth elastic force. 

Dissimilar, (dlB-aim'o-lar) a. [L. dU and Mmilis.] 
Unlike ; heterogeneous ; having no resemblance. 

Dissimilarly, (din-sim-e-lar'e-to) n. Want of re- 
sumblance ; mdikeueas ; dissimilitude. 

Dissimilitude, (dis-sim-il'e-t&d) u. Want of re- 
semblance ; uulikeuess ; — a comparison by con- 

Dissimnlatian, (dis-sim-u-l:Vshun)n. [L. dUthuu- 
Intio.] Act of diswmbling or feigning; fslse 
pretension; hypocrisy. 

Dissipate, (dis'se-pat) v.t. [L. diviixtre.] To 
suatter ; to spread on all sides ;— to spend, as 
money ; to squander ; — to divide, as the atten- 
tion ; to waste the mental powers ; — t*. t. To 
separate ; to waste away ; to vanish ; — to be ex- 
travagant or dissolute. 

Dissipation, (dis-se-pa'shun) n. Act of dissipat- 
ing : a state of dispersion ; — a dissolute oouiae 
of life ; — ^that which distracts the mind. 

Dissooiate, (dis-so'she-at) v. L [L. di* and $ocius.] 
To se^xarate ; to disunite : to part. 

Dissoouktion, (disHw-ahe-a'shun) n. Act of diaso 
elating ; a state of separation ; disunion. 

DissoluluUty, (dis-sol-il-bire-te) n. Capacity of 
being converted into a fluid by heat and 

Dissoluble, (dia'sol-u-bl) a. [L. diMolubilis,] 
Ca^Kible of being dissolved or liquefied ;— cap- 
able of being disunited. 

Dissolute, (dis'ol-ut) a. (L. disAolvtus.] Loose 
ill morals and conduct ; — ^vicious ; licentious ; 
iTikish : debauched. 

Diasoltttely, (dis'ol-ut-le) adv. In a loose or dis- 
solute manner. 

Dlssolatenasa, (dis'ol-ut-nes) n. State or qnaUty 
of bein^ dissolute ; debauchery; dinipatiou 

Disaolntien, ^di»-ol-u'shun) a. Act of dissolving; 
separating into oomiwueiit i)art« ; — state of 
being dissolved ; — change from a solid to a fluid 
state; — decomposition; — disiiersion of an as- 
Hembly ; the breaking up of a partnership ; — 
extinction of life; death. 

DissolTaUe, (diz-zolv'a-bl) a. Capable of being 

Dissolve, (dlz-zoIvO v. t. [Ti. din and solvere,] 
To separate into component parts ; — to disoon- 
)ioct : — to melt ; — to waste away : to consume ; 
— to terminate ;— to annul ; — v.i. To waste;— to 
be melted ; — to be decomposed ; — ^to break up: 
to be dismiimed. [melt. 

Diaaolveat, (diz-solv'ent) a. Having power to 

Dissolvent, (dis-zolv'ent) n. That whicn has the 
power of dissolving; a solvent. 

Diaaonaaee, (dis'so-nans) n. A mingling of dis- 
oordant sounds ; Jaxgon ; — ^want of agreement 

DiasoBaiit, (di^so-nant) a. [h. dia and aottart.] 
Discordant ; nnharmonions ^--inoongruous. 

Dissaade, <dis-swad') v. t. [L. dis and suadere.] 
To advise or exhort against 

Disanaaien, (dis-awa'zhan) n. Act of disfoad- 
ing ; exhortation agKiiut a thing* 

I, (dis-swa'aiv) c Tending to dissuade. 
Diasoaaive, (dis-sw&'siv) n. An argument or 

counsel employed to deter from a measure or 

Diaauaaively, (dis-swa'siv-le) adc. In a way to 

dissuade or Induce to refniiu from. 
DiaayUabie, (dis-eil-lab'ik) a. Consisting of two 

syllables only. 
IKaayllable, (dis-sUla-bl) n. \G. dis and siillabr.] 

A word consisting of two syllables. 
Diatair, (dis'taQ n. [A.-S. dista;/.] The stalT for 

holdiiig the flax, tow, or wool, in spinning. 
Diatain, (dis-tOn') V. (. [F. dis and teind re] To 

stain ; to discolour ; to sully ; to tarnish. 
Distance, (dis'tans) n. [L. distare.] The eytAce 

between two bodies ; the linear extent &x>m one 

place to another ;— a measure of division ;— p.'irt 

of a race course ; — a certain period of time ; — 

remoteness in succession or relation ; — ^reserve ; 

Distance, (dis'tans) v. t. To place at a distance ; 

— to leave behind in a race; to surpass or excel. 
Disfcaat, (dis'tant) a. Separate ; having a iii>n,ce 

or interval between ; — remote in phtoe, time, 

relation, or auccession;— indirect ; indistinct ;— 

cold in manner ; reserved. 
Distantiy, ^dis'tant-le) adv. At a distance ; re- 
motely; with reserve. < 
Diataate, (dis-tasf) n. [Dis and tastf.] Aversion 

of the taste ; dislike of food or drink. 
Diataate, (dis-tasf) r. t. To dislike the tasto of; 

to diuvliih ; to loatlie. 
Diataatefiil, (dis-tasffool) a. Unpleasant to the 

taste ; — displeasing to the feelings ; — oflensive. 
Diataatefnllj, (dis-tiUt'fooMe) udv. In a dhh 

Diataateftdneaa, (dis tOst'fooI-nes) n. Dislike; 

disagreeablenesB ; offensivcness. 
Distemper, (dis-tem'per) n. [L. disBiid t€ui\ur' 

are,] Disproportionate mixttire of ])arta ;- - 

predominance of some bad humour ; discatse, 

esxiecially in dogs ;^ill humour ; bad temper. 
Distemper, (dis-tem'ixer) v. t. To disorder ; to 

derange the functions of; — to disturb; tu luflle. 
Diatemperatore, (dis-tem'pgr-a-tur) n. Bad teiu- 

perature; — violent disturbance; outrageou&uc&s; 

mental uneasiness ; — indisposition. 
Distend, (dis-tend') r. t. [L. dU and Undtn.] To 

lengthen out; — ^to stretcii in all directions: — tit 

spread apart ; to divaricate ; — v. i. To bccuiue 

expanded or inflated. 
Distensible, (dis-ten'se-bl) a. Capable of bcin;; 

Distention, (dis-ten'shun) n. Act of distending : 

state of being distended ;— divarication. 
Diatioh, (dis'tik) n. [G. di and stichos,] A ooui>- 

let ; an enigram of two lines or verses. 
Diatioh, (ois'tik) a. Having two rows, or dis- 
posed in two rows ; two-ranked. 
Ifistil, (dis-tU) f. i. [L. d« and sfiUar^O To f^Ul 

in drops :^to flow gently;— to use a still ;— r. t. 

To let foil in drops;— to extract spirit fh>m ; to 

Distilktion, (dis-til-a'shnn) n. Act of falling in 

drops :— the operation of «>xtractin^ spirit by 

evaporation and condensation ; rectification ;— 

the substance extracted by distilling. 
Distaller, (dis-til'er) n. One who distils. 
DiatiUeiy. (dis-til'er-e) «t. Tlie building and 

works where distilling is carried on. 
Diadnct, (dls-tingkf) a. [L. disti^ictws,] Ilaring 

the difference marked; distinguished by visible 

algna ;— «lear ; maDifeat;— demiite; precise. 





, (du-tmgk'ahtm) n. [L. dittinctio,] 

Marking c^ by Tisi bla signs ; separation ; — dis- 
Ungaiahing quality ;— estimation of difference ; 
— ooDspicoouB station ; elevation in rank or 
diaracter; — ^honorary mark or bailge. 

(dii-tingkt'iv^ a. Marking or ex- 
dirtinction or difference. 
J, (die-tingktle}a(2i;. >Yith distinctness; 
clearly ; plainly. 

INfltimatneM, (di»*tingkf nes) n. The quality or 
state of being distinct ; clearness ; predsion. 

JMatxBgidah, (dis-ting'gwiili) v- 1. [L. di* and 
ttiuffnm,} To note the differaioe between ; to 
spedfr ; to characterise ;— to discern critically ; 
to juago ; — ^to separate by mark of preference or 
honour ; to make eminent ; to exalt ; — v. t. To 
make distincttonB ; to show the difference be- 
tween, [of being distingniBhed. 

Ih atia gi if a haWis (dia-ting'giriAh-a-bl) a. Capable 

Ihatort, (dis-tort^ v. U [L. dU and torquere.] To 
ivict out of natural or r^polar shape; — to wrest 
fktNn the true meaning. 

SutsctiaB, (dis-tor'shnn) tu The act of twisting 
oat of ahape ;->the state of being twisted out of 
sbape; drabrmity; — ^pnrrersioii. 

DutRMiti (dia-traktO v. t. {h. dU and irahere.] 
To dn.w apart ; — ^to divert ;— to draw toward 
diftsrsnt objeots ;— to perplex ; to atmfoBo ; — ^to 
tvnder insane ; to erase— naed in the past par- 

JMatnetifOq, (dis-trak'shan) iu (L. dlstracHo.] 
Dicawingapaft; separation;— ocmftision of mind; 
state in which the attention is disturbed by 
▼azietyofobjeete or motives; madness. 

(dis-tran') r. t. [L. dutrinffert.] To 
for debt. 

(dis-trftn'er) fk OnewhodLstraiosor 
goods for debt or service. 

(dia-tresO ««• (F. detime.] Extreme 
pain or aoAring of body or mind;— that which 
oocaaions sofbring ;— a state of danger or neces- 
sity : — calamity ; misfortune ;— the act of dis- 

Hiiliw , (dja-tm^ r. t. To cause pain or anguish 
to ; — to aflict groatly ;— to seize for debt. 

Biatiiiaawil, (dla'txest') <u Severely afflicted ; enf • 
faring nisnictaiie or calamity. 

D iaUwMfu l, (dis-tras'fMl) a. Inflicting, indicat- 
ing or proce e di n g trom distress; calamitous. 

ZNMribatahle, (dis-trib^fit-a^bl) a. Capable of 
beiiw distributed. 

Ihsbxbvta, (dxs-triVat) v. t. [L. dU and tribuere.] 
To gira in parts or portions ;— to divide among 
tewBal;— to administer, as Justice;— to separate, 
SB into daaasB, orders, ftc. ; to give in charity;— 
r.i. To make distribution. 

Biitribation, (dis-tre-ba'shun) n. Act of distri- 
batiD9 or dispensing ^-almsgiving;— separation 
into paita or classes ; arrangement 

9»lriWtif«, (dis-trib'at-iv) a. Tending to dis- 
txibate; dealing to each his proper share ;— ex- 
M I ■ling aepazatkm or divisicm. 
KaMbBttfV, (dis-trib'at-iv) n. A word that 
divides or dtotributes a collective number, as 
mdL etenft H<Aer. 

nateiBt,(dis'tzikt)ik [L. dUtrietm.} A limited 
of oountzr; obtuit; i>rovince;— a divi- 
or quarter or a dty . 

(dis-tmttOv. t. [L. di>and Dan. ir6ft.] 
To doubt or suspect : not to confide in or rely 

(dia-tmst^ «(• Doubt of rsality or sin- 
cerity ^-easpidon of evil designs; want of fidth. 

Distmstfal, (dut-trust'fdOl) a. Apt to distrust ; 
suspidous;— not confident; difBdeut. 

Distrustfiilly, (Ui»-trnst'f66Me) adv. In a dis- 
trustful manner : with doubt or suspidon. 

Distrustfulneaa, (dis-trusf f6dl-nes) ,n. State of 
being doubtful or suspicious. 

IMsturb, (dis-turV) v. t. [L. dis and turbare.} 
To stir ; to diaoompoae ;— interrupt ; interfere 
with:— to throw into oonfudon; to disorder ;— 
to affect the mind ; to exdte uneasiness ; to dUs- 

Sutnrbaaoe, (dis-tnrVans) n. Derangement of 
the I'egular course of things;— oonftuion of the 
mind;— public commotion ;— tumult ; brawl; 

Disunion^ (dis-fin'yun) n. Di^unotion ; separa- 
tion ; state of diiddon ; want of agreement. 

Disunite, (dis-u-nif) r.t. [L. di§ and It. unirt.] 
Tu destroy continuity or union ;— to break the 
oonoord of; — v. i. To part; to loll asunder;— 

Disasage, (dis-uz^) n. Gradual cessation of use, 
custom, exercise, or practice. 

Disuse, (dis-usO m. Cessation of use, practice, or 
exerdse ;— desuetude. 

Disuse, (dia-^ v. t. [L. dis and F. uter.] To 
cease to use or practise: to desist from employing. 

Ditoh, (dich) n, [A. -8. dCe.] A trench in the 
earth, particularly for draining, 4w.;— a moat 
surrounding a fortress. 

XHtoh, (dich) V. (. To dig a ditch; to surround 
with ditches ; — r. i. To dig or make a ditch or 

Dilohiar, (dich'er) n. One who digs ditches. 

Dithyrambus, (dith-e-ram'bus) n. [G. ditftvrani' 
&o«. J An ode in honour of Bacchus or in praise 
of wine; — a wild, enthusiastic strain. 

Ditto, (difo) n. [It. detto, contracted into do.} 
That winch has been said; the aforesaid thing; 
the same thing. 

Ditfee, (dit'O) adv. As before ; in the same man- 
ner ; also. 

Ditty, (diVe)». [A.-S. diht.Jj. diettnoL] A song; 
a lay : a little poem to be sung. 

Diuretie, (di-Q-ret'ik) a. Exdting the secretion 
and discharge of urine. 

Diurnal, (dl-um'al) a. [L. diumu*.'] Daily: 
recorring every day ; peiformed in a day. 

Dioraal, (di-um'al) n. A day-book ;— a book con- 
taining the Roman Catholic breviary. 

Divnaliy, (di-nm'al-le) adv. Daily ; every day. 

Div«B, (de-van') It. [Fer. ditodn, A. dainfdn.] A 
Turldsn oounol of state ; — the council chanil)er ; 
—a kind of cushioned seat ;— a public coffee-* 
house for tobacco smokers. 

Divaricate, (de-vai/e-k&t) v. i. [L. dis and rari- 
care.] To part into two branches ; to open ; to 
fork ;— V. (. To divide into two branches. 

Divarieation, (de-var-e-kft'shun) n. A parting ; a 
forking; — a wide divexgence; — intersection of 
fibres at different angles. 

Dive, (div) v. i. [A.-&. dili/an.1 To descend or 
plunge into water ;— to go deep into a subject, 
Dttsiness, or condition, so as to be thoroughly 
engaged in it. 

Diver, (div'cr) n. One who dives ;— one who goea 
deeidy into a study or business ;— a bird of the 
genus Colymbid», remarkable for their habit 
of diving. 

Diverge, (de-veij') v. i. [L. di and rfrgert.'] To 
proceed from a point and extend ; to sproid or 
shoot as lays ;— to deviate from a giwn course, 
or from the truth. 




DiMerer, (dis-sev^sr) v. t. [L. dis and Mver.] To 
part in two ; to divide aaimder ; to disunite. 

Siaaeveranott or Siaseveration, (di»«ov'sr-aus) n. 
Act of disMvering ; separation. 

Diaaident, (dis'e-dent) a. [L. dissidere.] Not 
agreeing; diasenting. 

Diaaident, (dis'e^eut) 91. One who separates 
from the established religion ; a dissenter. 

Piaailienoe, (dis-aire-eus) n. Act of leaping or 
starting asunder. 

Siaailient, (dis-sil'e-ent) a. [L. dU and tulire.] 
Htarting asander ; bursting with elastic force. 

Diaaimilar, (dis-aim'e-lar) a. [L. dis and siinUis.] 
Unlike : heterogeneous ; having no resemblance. 

Diaaimilari^, (dJs-sim-e-lar'e-te) n. Want of re- 
semblance ; unlikeness ; dissimilitnde. 

Diaaimilitude, (dis-sim-il'e-tfid) n. Want of re- 
Kemblance ; unlikeneas ;— a comparison by con- 

Siadmulation, (dis-sim-u-lil'ahan)n. [L. disaltntt- 
latio.] Act of dissembling or feigning; false 
pretension; hyjwcrisy. 

Siaaipate, (dis'se-pat) v,t [L. dim^tare.] To 
scatter ; to spread on all aides ;— to spend, as 
money : to squander ;— to divide, as the atten- 
tion ; to waste the mental powers ; — v. i. To 
separate ; to waste away ; to vanish ; — ^to be ex- 
tiuvagant or dissolute. 

Diaaipationf (dis-se-pa'shun) n. Act of diasipat- 
ing ; a state of dispersiou ; — a dissolute course 
of life ; — that which distracts the mind. 

Diaaooiate, (dls-so'she-at) v. t [L. dis and $ociiii.] 
To separate ; to disunite ; to part. 

DiaaoQiation, (di»«o-ahe-a'ahun) n. Act of diaso- 
ciaiing ; a state of separation ; diaauion. 

Diaaolobility, (dis-sol-u-bU'e-te) n. Capacity of 
being converted into a fluid by heat and 

ZUaaoluUe, (dia'sol-u-bl) a. [L. dUsoUibilU.] 
Capable of being dissolved or liquefied ;— cap- 
able of being disunited. 

Siaaolute, (dis'ol-at) a. [L. disgolvtiu.] Looae 
in morals and conduct ; — vicious ; licentious ; 
rakish: debauched. 

Diaaoltttely, (dis'ol-ut-le) adv. In a loose or dis- 
solute manner. 

Siaaolttteneaa, (dia'ol-ut-nos) n. State or quality 
of being dissolute ; debauchery; dissipation 

Diaaolntion, (dia-ol-u'shun) ». Act of dissolving; 
separating into component jjarts ; — state of 
being dissolved ;— change from a solid to a fluid 
state; — decomposition; — dispersiou of an aa- 
sembly ; tlie breaking up of a partnership ;— 
extinction of life; death. 

Diaaolvable, (diz-zolvVbl) a. Capable of being 

Siaaolve, (diz-aolvO v. t. [Ti. din and golrere,] 
To separate into component ^larts ;— to discon- 
nect ; — ^to melt ; — ^to waste away ; to consume ; 
— ^to terminate ;— -to annul ; — v.i. To waate;— to 
be melted ; — to be decomposed ;— to break up: 
to be diamined. [melt. 

Diaaolvant, (dia-xolv'ent) a. Having power to 

SiaaolTent, (dia-zolv'ent) n. That whi<^ baa the 

jjower of dissolving ; a solvent. 

Xiiaaonaaoe, (dis'so-nans) n. A mingling of dia- 
oordant sounds ; jaxgoa ;->-want of agreement. 

DiMonaat, (disCsd-iuuit) a. (it. dU and gojwre.] 
Discordant ; unharmonlona ; — ^iuoongruous. 

Diaanade, (dia-swad') r. t. [L. di* and stiad^re.] 
To advise or exhort against. 

Diaraaaion, (dis-awa'zhun) n. Act of diaauad- 
iog; oxhorfeation againat a thing. 

Dxaauaaive, (dis-sw&'siv) c. Tending to dissuade 
Diasuaaive, (dis-swa'aiv) n. An argument or 
counsel employed to deter from a measure or 

Diaauaaivaly, (dis-swa'siv-le) adv. In a way to 
dissuade or Induce to refrain from. 
SiaayUabio, (dis-ail-lab'ik) a. Consisting of two 
BvUablee only. 

Suayllable, (dia-aUla-bl) n. fG. dU and siUlab*-.] 
A word consisting of two syllables. 
Diataif, (dis'taO n. [A.-S. di$tc^.] The staff for 
holding the flax, tow, or wool, in spinning. 
Siatain, (dis-t&n')'v. t. [F. dia and teimhi.} Ta 
atain ; to discolour ; to sully ; to tarnish. 
Siatanoe, (dis'tans) n, [L. dittarr.] The i^juco 
between two bodies ; the linear extent from nue 
l)laoe to another ;— a measure of division ; — f Kirt 
of a race course ;— a certain period of time ; — 
remoteness in succession or relation ; — ^reaer'v o ; 

Diateace, (dis'tans) v. t. To place at a diatance ; 
— ^to leave behind in a race; to surpass or cxcvl. 

Diataat, (dis'tant) a. Separate ; having a sjiacu 
or interval between ; — remote in place, time, 
relation, or suocasaion; — ^indirect; indiatinct ; — 
cold in manner ; reserved. 

IMatantlyt (dis'tant-le) ade. At a distance ; re- 
motely: with reserve. 1 

XHataato, (dis-tiist') n. [Di$ and tasfe.} Avorsiun 
of the taste ; dislike of food or drink. 

Biataate, (dis-tSatO v. t. To dislike the tasto of ; 
to disrelish ; to loathe. 

Siataatofol, (dis-tastYool^ a. Unpleasant to iLa 
taste ;— displeasing to the feelings ;— offensi^ <-. 

SiataatefoUy, (dis-tust'fool-le) tulv. lu a iU^- 

Siataateftilneaa, (dis tnst'fool-nes) n. Dislike ; 
diaagreeableneas ; ofiensiveneaa. 

Siatemper, (dis-tem'per) n. (L. r/ is and U^u^^cr- 
ar€,] Diaproportlouate mixture of iiortM;-- 
predominance of some bad humour : didcn;5<f, 
especially in dogs ;~ill hiunour ; bad temijct. 

Diatampor, (dis-tem'per) v. t. To diaonlex ; to 
derange the functions of; — to disturb; to t ntflo. 

Diatemperature, (dis-tem'per-a-tur) n. Bad t<ri)- 
perature; — violent disturbance; oatra^eou&ucstf ; 
mental uneasiness ; — indisposition. 

Distend, (dis-tend') v. t, [L. di* and tfndfrr.1 Tt» 
lengthen out ;— to stretdi in all directiotts r — 1*> 
sjiread apart ; to divaricate ; — v. L To Uecx>Lu« 
expanded or inflated. 

Diatenaible, (dia-ten'se-bl) a. Capable of be in;; 

Sictoitioa, (dis-ten'shun) n. Act of distendiiij; : 
state of being distendea;— divarication. 

IKatioh, (dis'tik) n. [G. di and stiekos.} A cvniw 
lot ; an epigram of two lines or verses. 

Siatioh, (dis'tik) a. Having two ruwa, or dif 
poeed in two rows ; two-ranked. 

I)ifftil, (dis-tU) r. i. [L. d« and sXt/Iarf.] To f^Ol 
in drops:— to flow gently;— to use a stiJl ; — r. r. 
To let fidl in drops; — to extract sx)irit from : Im 

DiatOlation, (dis-tU-a'shun) n. Act of falling in 
drops ; — ^the operation of extracting spirit l*v- 
evaporation and condensation : rectifloatiou .-^ 
the substance extracted by distilling. 

SiatQler, (dis-til'er) n. One who distils. 

2)iatfllei7, (dia-tU'^r-e) n. Tlie building au<l 
works where diatiUlug is carried on. 

IMatinot, (diB-tingkf) a. [L. diatinrttit.l Having 
the difference marked ; diatinguished b^r visible 
aigna ;— dear ; manifest; — definite; preciae. 

^ , ■apliTikU'w 

P ut T. (dak'tf r) r. I. To ittand or tmt u ■ phj- 
Ecian:— ^to DukB m doctor;— f. i To pvBctbe 

i^tmtX. (dokttr-Al) a. RaUling to tho tiegete 

OooConM, (dak'i<r-it) K. Tbs digne, nnk, or 
(dnkVln-al) n. Partoin 1d( M 

;, (doki^innit} <!. n. tlKtitmnK.!^] 
rrorsps : — writtan inatmetkin ; — un ofl&oiAl 
pvivr omWnlnf instnLctioD. conTojing lofor 
nuliaii, or sUbUlhiDg tba lllmrinn of lUli 
mcoHriaJ ; cvrtiflcMoi AlBdaTlt : dood ; noord. 
Dm. iiwiliirT, (dot-a-mmtfo) n. pBrtKinlns k 

JitiMMM, (dS^l^i^on) n. [O, dM>hi ud 
pAhuo.) a nfolir flgun or polygon boundsd 
bf InlTo eqwl midm, *sd coDlilDlng tmlTo 

lfl»Mh"£l^ (dMat-t-bt'dran) h. (O-cIMiI-a, 
rwiJn. ud Antra. wiL] 

pUu .oUd oouluned 1 

■ twivo aqiul ind J\ ^ 

IT pontaf^oiiB- ■ joUd A\% J^^^k 

. (doj) r.,. IPmb- \r rW 
> madiftaUDD of V ^^ 

To lUn niimJj ' 


kHHB : to qoibblo ; — t. r. To oruu bf * md- 

Atda*. (<bu) H- ^ of •Tudiiic b* ikUfol laois- 

IMl. (dO'dO) H. iPf douJo J A Wni of Imigt 

Dm. (M) >l (A.-S. ifaj A 4»dni : lbs (onude 
of tba tUlow^lHir. [mlirr n/dn. 

amhfa. (dauin) i. Tbg ikia oC ttu dos :-> 
OTmpKt twillHl •roDllni doth. 
SiC(doO'.'- IFmnc'i uidnf] TopDtoff, 


Dac-brin, (dog1>rl-ci) h. Tils doj-roK. 
t>0K-«rt. (dog'Urti R. A ona-hoiM Tab 

BtfUbff.idn^nbieia. ChHpudog'ii 

Duglitnts Id UiQ lepnblict of Vcuics uid 

Ilogfiih, (jQg'arfi) ... A •pecin of Btark. 
Bmad, (dw'ed) a. [From ifD^T.] KuUlj ob- 

D^pdl)'. (ilog'sd-lij) Bde. In ■ donn] niiniwr; 

DoCfsdiau. (ticked nat) n. Snlhniwa; motiw- 
Doftar, (dOT'tr) n. [D } A twoniMtod finUuig 

veswl, uwd espccloU]' by tbs Dutch. 
Senanl. (ilortr-el) >•. |Fn>m doj/.] Low in 

Sonanl. (dc^er-el) h. Ueaii, uniUgaiflcil, and 

Sonuh. (dog-i^) a. lika ■ dog: chiutuh ; 

SaC-hHd, (doglud)n. Put o/igonlork. 
S^kmael, (liog-kan'nal) x. Au iDckaed lud 

or kannel wbara doca an kept. 
Deri*'*"- (dori»t-iil) a. Uaibarou Latin, 
SainK, (dog'nu) 1. [0. tram Motrin] Fom 111 

wElch tnith ia appiahtbdcd : opiiiion ; boJIcf : 

— fonnula ; mnoa ;— «UbUibsd principle or 

tonrt;— anlhortUtlta sipmiion t* trntb. 
SufBatial. (dag-mank^I) a. FartMoing to ■ 

dugns:— miigiMErial ;— poiiliTe ; utbDiiuliie, 
IhilMMlaUlT. ( dog 'lut'lk -alio) sclr. Kai- 

Uralj ; unauitl].. 
SafBUlln], (Wnut-iim) n. rodtltaurrtioai 

—podtlioiEB In oplnian or In diapulalion. 
I>o(autiM.<dog^utlM)H. OnawbodogRui 
DafDUiH, (dVmM-Ii) 

to ailnnes with H 
I>i>C-nwa, (doffrti) 

wlich bean Iba blp. 
Osc'hu. (doii^ir) ■, Tba arrnn of ■ lanf in 

abook tnniBddowD Uka tha sf of a dog. 
Dac-nu. (dog-iUr) It. eiiioa, a Mu- of the lint 

nugiutsde, wliuH tiling and lettiDg with U» 

ann gave name to the dog-dayi, 
I>ertH<h.{doi't6Mh)i.. Aabarp-pDintedhumiui 

looth, naambllng a dug'a ti»tl^-w.(«iM, 
Dac-mlah, (dog'wocb) ii. Ona of two wAlchn 

on biKRlihlpof two honneach, tbs fint bi;liig 

m tba labia with ftult and 

iptlco of aatliarltj. 

Deilr, (doils)* 

Itaib (doll) n. n 
(dni'cbi) DO 

I Saftly; nnUr. 
; charity : — blows da 

SaMtall*, (dfiffMl-ls) acfr. Id a dnlefol 
JMttalBtm, (dtffMi-ixa) n. Bemnt; 


il: BomnriU. 
puppator babyfiit 




SiTvqfenoe, (de-Tszj'onfl) n. A receding from 
each other in radiating lines; — a going further 

Diyezftnti (de-v^ij'ent) a. Deviating ttom a 
^iven point or diraction ; receding. 

Divert, (dfTcrz) a. [L. direraus.] Several ; 
sundry; more than one ; varioiu. 

IMverae, (driers) a. [L. divertu$.] Different in 
kind ; unlike ; dissimilar. 

IKvenwly, (di-rersle) adv. In different ways ; 
yariously ; — in different directions. 

BiTeraifloation, (de-vcn-e-fe-kA'shun) n. Act of 
changing forma or qualities ;-Hrtat« of being 

IHvanifled, (de-vcrs'e-f id) p. a. Distinguished by 
various forms, or by a variety of aspects. 

Diversify, (de-VQrs'e-fi) v. t. [L. diverguf, and 
/ac€re.] To make various in form or qualities ; 
—to exhibit in different lights. 

Diveraion, (de-VQi'shun) 71. Act of turning aside; 
— that which diverts; play: pastime; — act of 
drawing the attention and force of an enemy 
from the point the attack is to be made : alarm 
or feint. 

Divenity, (de-vgiVe-te) n. A state of difference; 
unlikeness ; dissimilitude;— variety. 

Divert, (de-vcrf) v. t. [L. di and vertere.) To 
turn aside ; to draw off. as the forces of on 
enemy :^to turn ftt>m business or study ; to 
amuse ; — v. t. To depart ft-om the main branch 
or design of an argument or subject. 

Divest, (de-vesf) r. (. [It. divatrie.] To strip, 
as of cloUies, arms, or equipage ;— to deprive. 

Divide, (de-vidO «. t. [L. dividere.] To separate ; 
— ^to cut into pieces : to deave ;— to keep apart^ 
as by a partition ; to separate, as by conflicting 
opinions or interests ;— to distribute, as profits, 
Ac. :^to distinguish or classify ; — ^to take the 
votes of a meeting or legislative assembly ; — v. i. 
To be separated ; to part ; to open ; — to vote. 

Dividend, (div'e-dond) n. A thing divided; 
share ;— interest on bank shares, public fUnds, 
or other stock, paid half-yearly ;— profit fh>m 
business or tnule divided annually among the 
partners ;— proportionate sum paid to a creditor 
out of the effects of a bankrupt ; — a sum that is 
to be divided. 

Divination, (div-in-a'shun) ti. Act or art of fore- 
teUing ftitura events; augniy: prediction. 

Divine, (de-vin') a. [L. divintu.] Belonging to 
God : godlike ;— proceeding fh>m God ;— appro- 
priated to God. or celebrating his praise;— 
superhuman ; heavenly ; holy. 

Divine, f de-vinO n. A piiest ; a clergyman ;— a 
man skilled in divinity ; a theologian. 

Divine, (de-vinO v. t. [L. divinare.] To foresee 
or foreknow ;— to conjec- 
ture : to guess ;— p. i. To 
practise divination. 

Divinelv, (de-viule) adv. 
In a divine manner ; —by 
the Bgeuoy of Ood :— <a- 
prsmely: ezoellently. 

ftvinar, (de-vin'{r) m. One 
who divines. 

Divinf-bell, (div'ing-bel) n. 
A hollow voesdl, somo- 
times bell-shaped, so con- 
trived OS to enable persons 
to descend Into deep water, 
and while under water UiTimg-bell. 
furnished with fresh air by means of a flexible 

Divinity, (de-vin'e-te) n. State of being diviti« ; 
Godhead;— the Deity; God;— a false god ;— 
science of divine things ; theology. 

Dxviiihility, (de-vis-e-bil'e-te) n. The q\iality of 
being divisible. [vided. 

Divisible, (de-viz'e-bl) a. Ci^iaUe of being <U- 

Diviaion, (de-vixh'nn^ n. [L. divisio.] Act of 
dividing ;— etate of oeing divided ;— that which 
divides ; dividing of a mass ;— differenoe in 
opinion or condition ; — separation of the mem- 
bers of a deliberative body to ascertain the 
vote;— process of finding how many times one 
number is contained in anothor^—jti. Parte 0/ 
adiscounw; heads. 

Diviaional, (de-vizh'un-ol) a. Marking or aoaking 
division ;— belonging to a district. 

Divisive, (de-vis'iv) u. Forming division or dis- 
tribution ; — creating division or discord. 

Diviaor, (de-viz'or) n. [L.] The number by 
whidi the dividend is divided. 

Divoroe, (de-vOrs') h. [L. dia and vertere.} A 
legal dissolution of the marriage contract ; — tiie 
decree bv which marriage is dissolved. 

Divoroe, (de-vors') r. f. To separate by divorce ; 
— to disunite; to sunder; to put away. 

Divoreement, (de-vors'ment) n. Act of dissolving 
the marriage tie. 

Divulge, (de-vu^O v. t. [L. di and vulgare.] To 
makepixblic; to reveal; todisdoae. 

Divulaion, (de-vul'shun) n. [h. dindaio.] Act 
oi pulling away ; a rending asunder. 

Diwinees, (dix'e-nes) n. Giddiness ; vertigo. 

Diicy, (diz'e) a. [A.-S. dyaig.] Having a eeiue- 
tion of vertigo ; giddy ; confused ; indistinct : — 
heedless ; thoughtless. (giddy; to oonftuv. 

Disiy, (die's) v. t. To whirl round ; to make 

Do, (do) ti. A syllable attached to the firbt 
tone of the nuyjor «>^^^ni« scale fur the purpose 

Do, (ddd) 91. A feat ; what one cftn perform ;— a 
cheat; a trick ; — contraction of ditto. 

De, (dd6) V. t. or avxiliary. [A. -8. d6n. Go. 
taugan.] To perform ; to execute ; to make :— 
to effect; — to finish ; to accomplish ;— to oook 
completely;— to translate ; — ^to decdve ; to |>la> 
a trick upon ; — v. i. To act or behave ; — to fare: 
to be in a state with regonl to health ; — to 
manage ; to answer an end. 

Doeile or Doeihle, (d&'sU) a. fL. docilia.] Teach- 
able ; ready to loom ; tractable. 

Doeilitj, (do-sil'e-te) 11. Teachableness ; readi- 
ness to learn ; aptness ; submissivenesa. 
Dock, (dok) n. [A.-S. tlocct.] A common weed. 

havhig a long top root and lange broad Jeaveai. 
Dook, (dok) r.t. To cut off, as the end of a thiu^; : 
to curtail; to dip;— to deduct froon. — ^to dtrfeat ; 

to bar ; — ^to place in dock, as a ship. 
Dock, (dok) n. [Icel. dockr.] The stump vf a 

tail, or the put left alter cutting or dipping. 
Dock, (dok) n. [O. doeAi.] An mdoeore lurtifi- 

dally constructed on the side of a harlMMir cr 

bank of a river, and closed by gates, for the 

reception of ships ?— the place where « crimin&l 

or accused penon stands in conrl 
Dockage, (dokl^) n. A diaige for the use of a 


Docket, (dok'et) n. fFrom docl.] A paper con- 
taining the heads of a written document ,— «i 

summary or digest ; — a label f'-tk list of causes 

ready for hearing or triaL 
Docket, (dok'et) r. t. To make an abstract of the 

heads of ;— to mark the contents on the beck <£ i 

papen;— to initial 

Dgmut, {dar'iiunt) 
I >j«vpiag : Dot la A 

I D^Biuit, {dor'nuut) II. The U^a btiaja ijiug 

I b-ir.) A wibctoir plaCAl TfitlcaJly ou tLa iu- 

cbiwd plADe of UiD ruoF of n lioiuu. 
' I>BMlitn«,(ilar'Iiw-liv>H. [L. I'lii-ii.iVr, lo sleep.) 

«HK ; A ■DporiOc. 

...) Qnan 

Daa, (<lu() r. 1. TofonD InlomilKbLii doHn:— I 

lCa!(ila>t). S«'oiu(itrKnj.««ntofi/o. 
Iktt.<dM)ii. [A.-!4. d^IImi.] A nsaU iiuint I 
-- -- — -■' "^-h ft poll uT vtLer pumlAd iuttn 

pan, V cf u baniiul. 
Bltt. (liat) r. I. [D. rinCni.) To hi 

BNer, (dIM'ti) >. Oh who dolou 
Didt, Mntk). Thin! pmm pmml of 
SNi^t*, Ut/Hng-U) adv. WlUi «t 
am ; ■■■dlj' ; a»«dnlf . 

DotMd, Jdofed) a. 

OoHni, (ilot/rel) n. (Fnim if 

IbuUi, (ilubl) a. 

iv^ kiiKlIf? Mctii] 
li«Ha ; TB^iUtia 
Saubla, (diib1)ii>l 

^ (dulrt) 11. 

Smblo-buo. (dubl-bis) x. Tlig liirgiiit and 

ibla-dulir, (dnVl-del'fr) n. Uua vliu'icti 

SiiDbla-dHlint, (diibl-dfllni) It. Artific^ ; dn- 
"—>■'- -toj. (duW-eu'tro) ». A ni«l« of liook- 

ebltof ODo mixouiit, »nd U.e crettit of 
, BO that tha l&J^r iliould oJirajv 

«. (dnVI-nu) n. SlndofbdiiKdfxil.Ja 

(diib'^T) H. Ons who, or tint nliicb, 

r, (dlib1.alnr) N 

Bmfckt.. (dulilet) ,i. [F.| Two ; ■ pnir ; « 

[>inula'tonned, (diib'l-tunpj) tt. aifBakinp ti'iT- 
fwtiiHy lUHiut a Uiiug ft6 liUTflnut tiiucn ; d«. 

DonUlBS. (dnbling)ii. Radupliation ; tnniliiK 
ur Kinding (o (hcbiw pariuit; iluftj quirk; Had' 

Boublim, fdiab-lt-jfo'ii. [8p. JirfJoB.l ASran- 
ibh and I'urtugUHo wib, doubla Uid viituu of 

Ihabi^, (dubla) nrfr. In twin Uia •inaatttj ; 
to Iniw the dognso. 

DobU, <dout) r. I. (P. ifiHiriT.] To be aiicer- 
tain ; to qnntiDii; — to bo luideUnDiueU ; Ui 

lubt, (dont) n. UnwHaiuty of mind ; fear: np- 

irrwAl 4JT urged f^ BulutJDU ; ' — uibeliis/ ; 

_ lobtn, (dout'ct) It. One who donbts. 
SaabCltil, (iloutfOot) a, Dufaiou: nnlclir- 
1; — UDbinoUB; cquivinl ; queitjoiubli^; 
— .iiiartala iatu«: nnaeddad ;— cnspivlvnB. 
Deubtfullr, (dant'fwl-lc) u>(r. In a doubtful 

(dontfoil-net) n A rtate of being 

r. T*W-, 

DIIZ, L, diilcii, I 




Dollar, (dol'lar) n. A ailTer coin of the United 
UtatM, Mexico, Ui>aiu, &c.— from 4«. 2cl. to 4«. 
IQd. [of lime. 

Solomita, (dord-mit) it. A magueeian rarbonate 

Boloroas, (du'l^r-UB) a. Full of grief :—oocauou- 
ing iiaiu ; sorrowfUl ; diatreaaiug. 

S^orooaly, (ddlgr-iu-le) adv. lu a duloroius 

Dolour, (doler) n. [L. dolere.] Fain; grief; 
difltrefls; augnisb. 

Dolphin, (dol'fiu) n. [L. ddjtkin, delpJibitts,] A 
certaoeouB mammal; — a fish 
of about 5 feet in length, 
celebrated for its surpris- 
iug changes of colour when 

Dolt, (dolt) n. [A.-S. dvol.) Dolphin. • 

A heavy, stnpid fellow ;— blockhead ; dance; 

Doltiah, (dolt'inh) <r. Dull in Intellect ; stupid. 

Doltiahness, (ddlt'ish-nes) n. Duluess; stupidity. 

Dom, (dum). A termination aigni^ing right, 
property or quality, Jurisdiction. 

Domain, (dolman'; iu [L. dominiuuu] Do- 
minion :— landed property ; estate ; enpecuill^. 
the land about the mansion-house of a lord, aud 
in his immediate occupant^. 

Dome, (dom) 91. [L. doMus.] A building ;>-a 
noble edifice; — a structure raised above the roof 
of an edifice, tisually hemispherical ; a cniMla. 

Domostio, ( d&-mes'tik ) a. [L. domiw.] Be- 
longing to the house or home ; pertaining to 
one's place of residence, and ficimily ; — ^pertain- 
ing to a nation considered as a &mily ; intes- 
tine : — remaining much at home ; devoted to 
home.; — living in or near the habitations of 
man ; tame ; — made in one's own honse, nation, 
or country. 

Domettio, (do-mas'tik) fu One who lives in the 
fkmily: a servant or hired attendant residing 
in the house ; — pL Newspaiwr paragraphs re- 
lating; to local matters. 

Domestiotlly, (dd-mes'tik-al-e) ode. In a do- 
mestic manner ; privately. 

Domestioate, (do-mes'tik-ilt) v. t To make do- 
mestic; to treat as one of the family; — ^to remain 
much at home ;— to tame. 

Domettioation, (do-mes-tik-a'shnn) n. The act 
of domesticating. 

Domioile, (dom'e-eil) n. \L. domicitivni.] An 
abode or mansion; place of permanent residence. 

Domicile or Domioiliate, (dom'o-sil) v. t. To 
establish in a fixed residence. 

Domiciliary, (dom-«4iire-ar-e) a. Pertaining to 
the residence of a person or fiunily;^intmding 
into a house for jHirposes of searching. 

Domiciliation, (dom-6-iil-e-&'shun)}i. Permanent 
residence. [ity ; rule. 

Dominance, (dom'in*ftns)n. 'Ascendancy; author- 

Sominant, (dom'in-ant) a. [L. dorniTuiri.] Knl- 
ing ; prevailing ; governing ; ascendant. 

Dominant, (domln-ant) n. The fifth tone of the 

Dominate, (dom'in-Ht) v. t. [L. dominari.] To 
predominate over ; to rule ; to govern. 

ZTomiiiatioa, (dom-in-&'shun) u. Exercise of 
power in ruling; government; authority; 

Domineer, (dom-in-«Ot'-i' (P. dominer.] To rule 
with insolence or arbitrary away ; to blaster. 

Domiaeoriairf (dom-in-ei^ng) cv. Ruling with in- 
solence ; arbitrary ; overbearing: tynuinicaL 

Dominioal, (dO-mm'ik-al) a. [L. dmniniau diet.] 

Indicating Lord's day or Sunday ;— relating to, 
or given by, our Lord. 

Dominican, (do-min'ik-an) n. One of the order 
of monks founded by Dominic de Guzman : — 
called also ^^redicanU, ptxachinff-ftHars, 
bim, and black-friars. 

Dominie, (dom'in*e) n. [L. dointntu, master, 
from douLU*, house.] A schoolmaster;— a imraon. 

Dominion, (do-min'yun) n. [L. domtninm.] 
Sovereign authority ; — predominance ; — tb« 
right to govern ; sovereignty ; — ^that whidi is 
governed ; territory; state; kingdom ; priuciiKil- 
ity ; subjects ; — possessions ; personal property; 
—pi. All order of angels. 

Domino, (dom'in-o) »i. [It. and Sp., from L. ito- 
viinttt, master.] A cape worn by priests ; — a 
mourning veil worn by women ; — a long, looee 
cloak, with a hood, used as a disguise ; — a ]>er- 
son wearing a domino ;—pl. A game playod 
with pieces of ivory. 

Don, (don)7u [Sp., Pg. dom.'] Sir; l^Ir. ; Signior 
— « title of courtesy in Spain ;— a grand iier- 
soiiage, or one making pretension to coiise- 
quence. [on ; to invest one's self with. 

Son, ^don) v. t. [To do otu] To dress ; to put 

Donation, (do-na'shun) iu Act of giving ; — a 
gift ; a gnmt of money to a charitable iKUixiee ; 
—gratuity: laigess. 

Donative, (don'a-tiv) n. [L. donare.] A gift ; a 
gratuity ; a present ; — a benefice conferred by 
the founder or patron, without presentation or 
induction by the ordinary. [donation. 

Donatiye, (don'a-tiv) tu Tested or Testinsf by 

Done, (dun) pp. of do. Performed ; executed : 
finished; — ^^ven out ; issued ; made public ; — 
word used 111 accepting an ofler, wager, or bet. 

Donee, (do-neO n. [F. domu?.] One to wlioni 
a gift or donation is made. 

Doiy'on, (don'Jon) n, A massive tower in 
ancient castles, regard- 
ed as the strongest port 
of the fortifications, 
and usually in the 
innermost court or 
ballium :— the kffp. 

Donkey, (dongOcG) n. - 
[Perhaps from dun 
and lin.] An ass or 
mule;— a stupid or ob- 
stinate and wrong- f^ 
headed fellow. 

Donna, (don'na) iu [It. 
donna, L. domiiuZf 
mistress.] A lady; 
madam ; mistress. 

Donor, (dd'nsr) v. [F. don}ienr.] One who givcsi 
or bestows gratuitously ; a benefisctor. 

Doom, (doom) t*. t. To pronounce Judgment on ; 
to condemn; — to ordain as penalty;— to desttur; 
to fix irrevocably the fiite of. 

Doom, (d66m) tu [A.-S. dom.] Judgment ; Jn- 
didal sentence ; penal decree ;— penalty ; fi&te : 
destruction ; final condemnation ; ruin. 

Doomsday, (doOmz'dA) n. A day of aentenoe; — 
the day of the final judgment 

Door, (dor) n. [A. -8. dora.] An opening in the 
walls of a iiouse for going in and out at ; — ^tho 
frame of boards by which an <qpaiing into or in 
a house is closed ;— means of approaohor accaa. 

Door* way, (ddr'wa) n. The passage by a door. 

Dor, (dor)n. [A. -8. dora, drone.] The black- 
beetle or the hedge-chafer. 

Dorado, (d&-rA'do) n. [Sp. dorado, gilt.J A 


lack.'j peiUJiiuig to tliD^ 
riiiiMi. [ilii' t [1-] Tbeiiil««ufi>] 

A (lU.) B. 


LB ubli^nl Iv Ijdto ; potlmj ; 

■(.ftliwt}. . 

>C (dot) H. |A.-i4. tJ^llu...| : 

pot DOMfl rlUi A pau ur uUic] 

ullivlDl or 

AMbL .<<U>*'*1) X- (L. Mol^. from ifcx doorj.; 

SMud, (dut'v') X' A mw HhoH itilsIlKt ii 
Jmpuna hj m^. — a rooJkhlv food felJov. 
'^-^•^— . td^U'ibnn) 11. |t diUiri.] Act ot 

.. (Tut) iM. [K cf< 
1 i^ip«iKd b7 iin ;- 
IT. (d4t-«) ■- . 

Sottsd, (dot'Kl} 

■b dot! or iiDkll 

(From do/r] A Madiiig 

^ble, (dnbl) n. |F. fnim L. Jm.] Koting 

two kinds ; Acting two imrt4: BUTlog tq'o pur- 

uuwt ^ rociUatiJag ; dnvitful. 
BnulilB, (dTib1)r.(... TwiM ; twofold. 
I)oBbli.(diibl>r. I. To multiply bj' two; to mska 

) K, Twice u t 

It: ananiftca;— n 

JJab-l-bii) a. T 

iVtoDcd iaatniDketit In thg 
" r. (UnVl-dei'ir) n. 
two diffumit parU. 
Ilonbl»-dM]iB(, (<lnVl-d«l'lng) n. , 
Omblo-mliT. {<luM«i'tni) ii. A m 
keeping in whlcb vrory lum or aui 
tothBdvbitof (tne luuoQiit, uid I 

DoubtuiIM, (dnbl ;n»)fl. Btateof belitgdinil 
IlonUer. (dab'ler) h. Ode who, or Uikt wbti 
Oouhle-ltu. (dabl-iUr} ii. Two ilan k i« 


rF.l Two; I )aii: b 
■toned, (dub'l-tiuigiL) n. M]«Akinc dif- 

Doubliu, (dubling) n. It«lii|}liaUoD ; tnrning 
or wiTiding to eKaju ponuit; ehiTt; quirk; Aait- 

DsuUhd, (diib-Kuiil'n. [Bp. ifo'i'sn.) A Hpui- 
iib uid FortuptcK coin, double Uio valuu of 

Denb^. (dublc) ndr. lu twice Uia qiumtitf ; 

Doubt, (dout) r.i. '[F. rfoKltr.l To be uncer- 
tain; to quation; — to be uj^determlned ; to 
bceilAle; — ut be »pi>TabcDBiTe; to eujpect. — •■. I- 

Sogbtl <iloat) n. t' ncerteintf of mind ; fcir: np- 

oLocd ;— unbiguom ; eqnivocej; qoatioiiablB^; 

mbtfallr, (dont'fc^l-kt) odr. ' lu % douliliul 

I, (dontfwl-not) it. A itate of being 
., ^oWonm^; unbtguiti; nncertniuly. 
if, (dout'lng-le) adi. Without j" 

ottSdoDoe; inepiiioiiily ; wwilr ; dnb 
— "' — (doutloe) ailr. Wilbeul 

,lon; qnqueetloiuhlj. 

, (doU) a. (F. doi!. 

L. dyltU, ewcet.] 




jT ^ :i i : 

r \» \» V V 

DoQoenr, (doo-sf O ^* [P- ^°^ cioux, iweet.] A 

present or gift; a bribe. 
Douohe, (dooeh) n. [F.] A Jet or current of 

water or vaponr directed upon some diseased 

part of tiie body, to benefit it medicinally. 
Dough, (do^ n. [A-S. dah.] A mass of flour or 

meal moustened and kneaded, but not yet 


Doughtily, fdow'te-le) adv. In a doughty man- 
ner; bravely; valorously. 
Doaghtiaess, (dow'te-nee) n. The quality of 

being doughty; valour; bravery. 
Dou^hly, (dow-te') a. [A.-S. dohtip.] Charao- 

terued by bravery ; valiant ; redoubtable. 
Doughy, (do'e) a. Like dough ; soft; yielding to 

pressure ; pliable ; pale ; weakly. 
DouM, (doiis) V. t. [G. dvein, to plunge into.] To 

plunge into water ; to dip ;— to strike, as a sail ; 

—to extinguish, as a light. 
Dove, (dttv) w. (A.-S. duva.} A bird of the 

pigeon family ; — a word or endearment. 
Dovelet, (duv'let) n. A young or little dove. 
Dovetail, (dnv'tiU) n. A joint or tenon made by 

letting one piece, in the 

form of a dove's tail spread, 

into a corresponding cav- 
ity in another, so that it 

can not be drawn out. 
DovetaU, (duv'tftl) v. t. To 

unite by a tenon;— to fit 

ingeniously. Dovetail. 

Dowager, (dow'a-Jcr) «. [F. doiiairiire.] A 

widow endowed, or having a jointure. 
Dowdy, (doVde) o. [Scot. dardU.] Awkward ; 

ill-dressed ; vulgar-lookihg ; slovenly. 
Dowdy, (dow'de) n. An awkward, ill-dressed, 

inelegant woman. 

Dowel, (dow'el) v. t To fkston by dowels. 
Dowel, (dow'el) n. A wooden or iron pin or 

tenon used in connecting two pieces of wood, 

as boards or felloes. 
Dower, (dow'gr) n, [F. douaire.] Endowment ; 

gift ; — the property with which a woman is 

endowed ; — that which a woman brings to her 

husband in marriaga 
Dowerleas, (dow'cr-les) a. Destitute of dower ; 

Dowlaa, (dowlas) n. [Probably trom PovllniM.] 

A kind of coarse linen clotk 
Down, (down) n. [IceL dttn.] Tlie fine soft 

feathers of birds ;— the pubescence of plants ; 

the pappus or fine hairy growth by which seeds 

are conveyed, as in the thistle. 
Down, (down) n. [A,-S. rffi/j.] A bank of sand 

thrown up by the sea;— a tract of suidy and 

barren land ;— a large open plain on elevated 

land -.—pi. A road for shipping in the English 

Down, (down) prep. fA.-S. adHn.] Along a 

descent; towards a lower place, station, or 

position ; — toward the mouth of a river. 
Down, (down) adv. In a descending direction ; 

tending from a higher to a lower place ;— below 

the horizon ; — in a low position or condition ; 

on the ground ; — in humility, disgrace, and the 


Down, (down) a. DowncaH ; dejected :— abso- 
lute ; positive ;— proceeding flrom the diief ter- 
minus. C>^ec^<Kl to tlie gi-onnd. 
Downeait, (downlcast) a. Cast downward ; di- 
Downfall, (dewn'fawl) n. A sudden descent 

fix>m rank, reputation, or the like ; destruction ; 


DowBlUlen, (down'lkwln) a. Fallen : rained. 

Downhearted, (downliArt-ed) a. Dejected in 

Downhill, (downliU) o. DeoUvoas: descending. 

Downright, (down'rit) adv. Btxaight down ; 
perpendieolarly:— in plain terms ; absolutely. 

Iiowniight, (down'rit) a. Plain ; unoeremoni- 
ous : blunt ;— undisguised ; absolute. 

Down-stairs, (down'stftnt) adv. Down the ataiiv : 
to a lower floor. 

Down-train, (down'tran) n. A railway train de- 
parting from the chief terminus. 

Downtrodden, (down'trod-n) a. Trodden down ; 
trampled under foot. 

Downward, (down'wcrd) a. Declivous:— moving 
flt>m a higher to a lower place ; tending toward 
the earth or its centre; — deooending from a head 
or source :^tending to a lower condition. 

Downwards, (down'wcrda) adv. [Fixnn f?o?rn 
and Tcard.] From a higher to a lower place; in 
a descending course ;— from a remote time. 

Downy, (down'e) a. Covered wtXh down; — made 
of or resembling down ; hence, soft ; soothing. 

Dowry, (dow're) n. A gift;— Uie estate whicli a 
woman brings to her husband in marriage; — the 
portion given with a wife : dower. 

SoxdogiMl, (doka-d-loj'ik-al) a. Pertaining to 
dozology: giving praise to Qo± 

Dosology, (doks-oro-je) n. [O. doxa and Uprin.l 
Act or form of giving ^ory to Ood ; etpeciallv, 
a short hymn ezpreming praise and honour io 

DoM, (doz) V. i. TDan. ddie.) To alnmber ; to 
sleep lightly: to be drowsy or half asleep ; — r. L 
To pass or spend time in drowsiness. 

Doie, (doz) n. A light sleep ; a slumber; a nap. 

Dozen, (duz'n) a. [F. douxaine.] A oolkction 
of twdve ; a set of twelve. 

Domesa, fdoz'e-nes) n. Drowsiness; heavineeo. 

DoKTi (dore) a. Drowqr ; heavy ; sleepy. 

Drab, (drab) n. [A.-H. drabbe.] A slut; a steruio- 
pet; a prostitute. 

Drab, (drab) ti. [F. <frap, doth.] A thick, 
woollen cloth of a dun or gray colour. 

Drab, fdrab) a. Of a dun colour, like the cloth 
BO called. [to wet and befouL 

Drabble, (drabl) V. f. [A. -8 drabbe.] To draggle: 

Draduna, (drak'ma) n. [O. drachtni.] Ancieut 
Greek silver coin of the avemge value of {^. ; 
— an andent Greek weight about 2 dwt. 7 grs. 

Draif, (dial) n. [A.-S. dralbe, draca] Refuse : 
wash given to swine ; reAise of nuut. 

Draiiy, (draf'e) a. Dreggy: waste ; worthieas. 

Draft, (draft) n. [Originally cfrau^Af.] Act of 
drawing ;— « selection of men ftnom a military 
company ^-4tn order directing the payment of 
money : — a deduction made fh>m thesrosii weight 
of goods;— a flguro described ; dcetim : outline ; 
— depth of water necessary to float a rtup ; — a 
current of air ;— first or rough copy <rf a com- 
position ; — n. pi. Game played on a ebeokex^od 

Draft, (draft) r. t To draw the outline of; to 
delineate ;— to compose and write :— to detach. 

Draftsman, (draftrman) n. One who draws 
designs or plans of buildings, &o. 

Dxag, (drag)i<. (. [A.-S. cfrai;an.] To draw alcqn;!* 
by main force ; to haul ;— to nass through with 
a drag or net, as a stream or harbour-bed ; — to 
pull roughly or ignominiously;— to pua* aa a 
weary time or condition :—v. i. To be drawn 
along, as a rope or dress, on the ground : — to 




Tp ]ab«io>iu]7, or ilowly onwurd ;— 
to llah with ft dng. 

9nc (dnf) *> -A. dimw-net used in deep sea 

: — a net or hook need to bring up nmken 

fttMBi the bottom of a river or harbour ; 

Low cart or car : a kind of carriage ; a heavy 

harrow ;— a clog : instrument &r stopping the 

* of a Tehide :— that which is drawn or 

— anj hindrance to success or prosperity. 

(dngl) r. t. [Dim. of drug.] To wet 

'dirty by dniwing on the ground or mud or 

on wet grass :— «. i To beoome wet or dirty. 

ftf g ' n t, (dnig'net) n. A net to be drawn along 

the boCtem for taking ilsh. 

JkmgamaMi (drag^o^man) «. [It. droffomanjio.] 

An interpreter attached to the Europesu oou- 

snlitae and embassies in the Levant. 

I Ongen, (diag'an) n, [O. draUn.] A fabulous 

winged asnaent or liaird, 

with created head and enor- 

I moos cUwB, regarded as 

i Tery powerfttl and Ibroci- 

OBS :— Satan or the devil ; 

— a floroe, violent pexion ; 

' — anorthamooDsteilation: 

— a genus of rsptUes in the 


P iag e—t, (dng^un-et) n. 
I A nltla dxagon ;— a genus 
I of- 

belunging to the Goby Ikmily. 

(dxag'un-fli) h. ^e popular name 
ot a gends of swift and powerAil insects. 

(dntf'ttnz-blud) n. A resinous 
ibsteooe obtained nom sevexal tropical trees. 
I, (dra«06nO «• (L. draco, oragon.] A 
toined to serve OD horseback or on foot 
(dra-goOn') v. t. To give a town or 
Tntry over to martial ]aw;^to compel sub- 
by violeni measures ; to discipline by 

(dis-cOoQ'ad) n. The abandoning 
of a plaee to the fury and rage of soldien. 

' * Brazilian 

t-bfad, (dra-gOdo'berd) 
fabd, having a lane, um- 
bnik^like exest of feathen 
above the bilL 

Ihaia, (drftn) v.t. [A.-S. 
dnktUffetuk.] To Alter; — 
to dxaw off by degrees ; to 
ahanst: to empty of 
wealth, resonroes, or the 
hke;— V. i. To Ikw off 
cHKioaEly: — ^to be emptied. 

InaiD, (drfln) n. A water- 

gradual or steady withdrawal, as of 
Ac. [drained. 

(drinVbl) a. Capable of being 
(drOniy) n. A draining ;— mode iu 
which the waten of a conntrv pass off by its 
Btname and riven :-^ystem of drains by which 
is removed from towns, &c. 
(drln'cr) n. One who, or that which, 
,^« stream i^m a lake or morses ;— a 
pofonied plate, nssd in the kitchen. 
Onka, ldrak)M. [Oer. drakt.] The male of the 
dock kind;— the drake>ily. [L. draco.] A 
snail niece of artiUeiy. 

Bna, (dxam) n. rCantracted tiom drachma.] A 
wcagfat of the eighth part of an ounce, or sixty 
grains ; — the sixteenth part of an ounce ; — as 
maeh s|rijitaotaa liquor as is drunlc at oaoe;-4i 
gisM of spirits, 

Drama, (dram'a dr&'ma) n. [O. drama.] A com-* 
position designed to be acted on the stage, repre- 
senting various phases of human life, grave or 
humorous;— -/f(^ra(tv«/y, a real series of eventa 
invested with dramatic unity and interest. 
Bramatie, (dram-at'ik) o. Pertaiuiug to the 
diaina ;— represented by action; theatrical; — 

Bramatically, (dram-at'ik-al-le) adr. By repra- 
sentatiou ; in tlie manner of the djrama. 
Dramatiat, <dram'at-ist) n. The author of a 
dramatic composition ; a writer of plays. 
Dramatise, (dram''at-u) r . t. To compose in the 
form of the drama ; to adapt for the stage. 
Drape, (drftp) r. (. [F. draper.] To cover or 
adorn with arapexy ; to clothe. 
Draper, (drap'c^ n. One who sells cloths ; a 
dealer in cloths. 

DrapeiT, (dxftp'cr-e) n. Occupation of a draper ; 
— cloth or woollen stuffs in general ; — luuigingM ; 
curtains ; tapestry ;— the clothing of the human 
figure in sciupture and painting. 
Drastio, (dras'tik) a. [Q. dra»tilo».] Acting 
with strength or violence ; powerful. 
Dnurtie, (dras'tik) n. A speedy and effective 
puxgative— generally used in the plural 
Drauht, (draft) n. [A. -8. dr&fit.] Act of mov- 
ing loads by drawing : — act of drawing a net ; — 
act of drinking ;— «ct of drawing men firom a 
military company; detacluneut :— that which is 
taken with a net;— quantity drawn in at once 
in drinking ;—a sketch, outline, or representa- 
tion : — an order for the payment of money ;— a 
current of air ;— a sink or drain ; — a mild vesi- 
catory;— the depth to which a ship sinks in 
water ;>-allowance on weighable goods to insure 
fhU weight ;—pl. A game played on a checkered 
board; chedLcn. 

Draught, (draft) a. Used for drawing ;— drawn 
direobly nom the barrel or other receptacle. 
Draught, (draft) v. t. To draw out; to call forth ; 
— to select ; to detach. 

Dxmw, (draw) v. t. [A.-S. & O. S. drapan.] To 
pull along; to haul ; to drag .—to pull up;— to 
attract, as a magnet; to allure, as Deauty;— to 
pull from a sheathe, as a weapon ;•— to extract ; 
to let out, as blood ;— to deduce from premises ; 
to derive ;— to take from a place uf deposit ;— to 
receive from a lottery; to remove the contents 
of, as a cask ;— to extract the bowels of, as a 
fbwl ;— to inhale, as breath ;— to produce, as a 
line, figure, or picture ;— to delineate ; to de- 
scribe ;— to write in due form ;— to require a 
depth of water for floating; — to dose or unclose, 
as curtains ; — ^to wrest or distort, as the words 
or meaning of a passage ; — v. i. To exert 
etxongtli, ss in drawing ; — to act, as a drag ;- to 
be contracted ; to shrink ;— to move towards ;— 
to act^ as a blister ; — to give vent to, as a cbim> 
ney ; — to unsheathe, as a sword ; — to be in- 
flated. OS a sail ;— to sketch ;— to write a cheque 
or bill for acceptance on. 

Draw, (draw) ti. Aot of drawing ; draught;— a 
lot or chance drawn. 
Diswbaek, (dnw'faak) n. Amount or sum paid 
bade ;— sum of duties remitted on exportation 
of goods;— discouragement; hindrance. 
Draw-bridge, (dmw'brij) ». A bridge made to bo 
raised up, let down, or drawn aside, to admit or 
hinder communicaUoa 
Drawer, (draWcr) n. One who, or that which, 
draws ; — a sliding box or receptacle in a case; — 
ft. A dose under gwmeat for the lower limbs. 




Dnwisff, (drawing) n. Act of polling, hauling, 
or attracting ; — representation by lines and 
shades, of the appearance of objects;— allocation 
of prizes and blanks in a lottery. 

Drawinif-master, (draw'ing-mas-tcr) n. One who 
teaches the art of drawing. 

Drawing-room, (draw'ing-room) n. A room to 
which company withdbraws from the dining- 
room :— a reception of company in it;— a formal 
reception by the sovereign on stated occasions. 

Ihra^, (drawl) r. t. [D. draelen.] To utter in a 
slow, lengthened tone;— r. t. To speak with 
slow and lingering utterance. 

Drawl, (drawl) n. A lengthened utterance. 

Draw-well, (draw'wel) n. A deep well fh>m 
which water is drawn by a windlass and bucket. 

Draj, (dra) n. [A.- 8. dnxgt.] A low cart on 
wheels, used for heavy burdens. 

Dread, (dred) n. Overwhelming terror;— reve- 
rential respectAU fear; awe;— object of fear. 

Dread, (dred) a. Bxciting great iota or appre- 
hension; awful: appalling. 

DrMd, (dred) v. t. To fear in a great degree ;~ 
v.i. To be in great fear. 

DreadAil, (dred'fool) a. Inspiring dread ; fearAil ; 
— ^inspiring awe or reverence ; venerable. 

Dreadnilly, (dred'fodl-le) adv. In a dreadful 
manner; awfUlIy. [being dreadfUL 

Dreadfolnest, (dred'fodl-nes) n. The quality of 

Dream, (drem) ». [O. Bax. drdm.] A thought, 
or series of thoughts, of a ])enon in sleep; a 
sleeping vision;— an idle fancy; a reverie ; a 

Dream, (drOm) v. i. To have ideas or images tn 
the mind in the state of slumber; — ^to think 
idly;— V. t. To imagine, or see as in a dream. 

Dreamer, (drem'$r) n. One who dreams or in- 
dulges in rrtverie ; a visionary. 

Dreamy, (drem'e) a. Full of dreams : appro- 
priate to dreams ; miaty ; fonciful ; shadowy ; 

Drear, (drSr) a. Dl*anal : gloomy. 

Drearily, (drer e-le) adc. Gloomily; dismally. * 

Dreariness, (drer'e-nes) n. Dismaluesa. 

Dreary, (drer'e) a. [A--S. dreorig.] Exciting 
cheerless sensations, feelings, or associations ; 
comfortless : dismal ; gloomy. 

Dred^, (drei) n. [A.-S. drafft.] Any instru- 
ment to gather or take by dragging; specially. 
a machine for taking np mud, &o., from the bed 
o£ a stream or harbour ; — a drag-not fbr taking 

Dredre, (drej) v. t To catch or deepen with a 
drec^ ;— to sprinkle flour on, as in culinary 
preparations. [dredge. 

Dreoger, (dr^j'^r) n. One who fiahes with a 

Dred|fing-hox, (droj'ing-boks) n. A box with 
holes in the cover for sprinkling flour. 

Dredgin^maohine, ( drej'ing-ma-shen ) n. An 
en^e to take up mud from ^e bottom of 
dockf, &o. 

Dregs, (dregs) n. j)/. [loeL dreffff, O. trux, lees.] 
Corrupt matter in a liquid; lees; grounds; 
sediment ;— the vilest of any thing. 

Dreggy, (dreg'ge) a. Containing dregs or lees ; 
conusting of dregs : foul ; feculent. 

Drench, (dronsh (v. t. [A.-S. drenrnn.] To cause 
to drink ; to put a potion down the throat of a 
horse ; — ^to wet thoroughly: to saturate. 

Drench, (drensh) n. A drink; a draught; a 
potion of medicme poured down the throat 

Dress, (dre8)r. t. [V. dret^r.] To make straight: 
—to adjust ; to trim :— to treat, as a sore ;~to 

prepare, as victuals ; to smooth or finish work; 
— ^to put clothes upon ; to attire i-^. i. To 
ammge in a line ; to pat on one's garments. 

Dreaa, (dres) n. Clothes; garments; habit; 
apparel ; — a lady's gown :— attention to apparel. 

DnMer, (dres'^r) u. One who drew e s. [K 
dreiuoir.] A table on which meat and other 
thin^ are prenared for nse ;— a cnpboanL 

Dresaing, (dreeing) n. Dress; attire;— an appli- 
cation to a sore or wound;— manure spread over 
land ; — stufling ;— an ornamental moulding. 

Dreaaing^gown, (drea'ing-gown) n. A light gown 
used by a person while dreasiog : a study gown. 

Dreaaing^room, (dreslng-rAdm) n. An apart- 
ment appropriated for dressing the penon. 

Dreaa-marer. ^dres'm&k-cr) n. A maker of 
gowns, or shnilar garments ; a mantua-maker. 

Dressy, (dres'e) a. Bhowy in dress; attentive to 
dress; food of dress. 

Dribble, (driVl) r. i. {Drip.} To faU In drops, 
or in a quick succession of drops; — to slaver ; — 
r. t. To throw down in drops. 

DriUet, (driblet) n. [From dribble.) A smoU 
piece or part ; a small sum. 

Imer, (dri'cr) n, [From dry.] One who, or 
that which, dries; a deaiocative. 

Drift, (drift) tt. [From drive.] That which is 
driven, forced, or tuged along; a mass of mat- 
ter driven together ; heap ; — a storm or shower, 
as of rain or snow ;— a dreve or flock;— oonrse or 
direction;— tendency of an act, argument, or the 
like; object aimed at or intended; import of 
words ;— direction of a cnmnt. 

Drift, (drift) v. i. To float or be driven along by 
a current of water ; — to aooomnlate in heaps;— 
V. t To drive into heaps. 

IMfty, (driffe) a. Full of drifts; tending to 
form drifts, as snow and the like. 

Drill, (dril) V. t. ID. & Oer. drUfm, A.-a thyr- 
linn.] To pierce or bore with a drill ; — to sow, 
as seeds, in rows ;— to trsin in tho military art : 
— r. i. To muster for militaiy or other exer- 
cise ; — to flow gently or slowly. 

Drill, (dril) n. A pointed steel instrument, 
used for boring holes, par* 
ticularly in motals and 
other hard substances ; — a 
f\irrow made in sowing ; — IhiU. 

act or exercise of trainmg soldiers. 

Drilling, (drillug) n. Act of piercing with a 
drill, or of using a drill in sowiue. [Gar. dril- 
lieh. ] A ooaxw cotton doth, used for trowsers, 

Drill-aergeant, (dril's&r-jent) n. A noi^oommis- 
sioned officer who instructs soldiers, and tiains 
them to military evolutions. 

Drink, (dringk) v. i. [A. -8. drinean,] To swal- 
low, as a liquid ;— to partake of wine or other 
stimulants ;— r. (. To swallow ; to imbibe : — 
to inhale ;— to suck up, as moisture ; to abaorb ; 
—to take in by any inlet. [swaIlowe«l. 

Drink, (dringk) fu Liquor of any kind to be 

Drinkable, (dringVa-bl) a. Capable of being 
drunk ; flt or suitable for drink. 

Drinker, (driugk'cr) «i. One who drinks, par- 
ticularly one who uses epdrituons liquors to 

Drink-offering, (dringk'of-ffr-ing) n. An offer- 
ing of wine, ^., in the Jewish temple aerviee. 

Drip, (drip) r.i. [A.-8. dripan.] To flOl in 
drops ;— r. t. To let fhll in drops. 

Drip, (drip)n. AfUlingin drops: that which 
drlpa or £Ml3 in drops;— tho edge of « tooC 

maobung tb« di6n&-bea. ^ 

Dnuib, |di«D'idi} 1. LJks a VW^ 

dims ; kUe ^ iliuglih ; lur. «UHMP 

Dmp, (drtjp) r.(. (A.-S. jnij' 

-wkorhiniitotaditptrittd. -^ ^^ ^ 

wa«v or nuji: hi b« duplrit4d. 

]li^(dn>p) ■, IA.-8. ifropa. Oer, Iraji/l>.) Ths 
quoUtr of Cidd which <kUB in on* iniill *phs- 

tMU ;— • dmr or plstfbrm cpening ilown»Mil ; 

Cof ■ g«llo*i;— « iDAoliiDA ibr lowerliiB 
J weight*:^* enrUjn in ^nt of the itAga 
o< ( thiurr, te. ; —pt. Undidna muiuiad b; 

or drop* ;— to lAt di 

■iiddealy : — to be depi^w 
Drtplrt. (droplet) iL A li 
Pmpikttl, (dnjp'W'Lal) a. 

I>Itipi<r. (ilrop'ee) n. [Q. hu 

UiKABsd V jtll dioptj ; 
mypartof thetoilj: 

SmkT, (dra^e) n. [Run. di 
roDT-ohKlnl WTiige, without i 

thronn off in emeltiue \-^<t}ii 

Drouj, (dim'o) n. CompoHd of, or peitainiiig 

to dniee ; Itupure ; v-orthLov. 
Dnmtht, (droQt) ;i. [A.-S. i/^pdj*.] DrvoM. 

of the weather :—wiuil of niu or mouture; 

Dronf htineH, (ditnitVirib) ii, A lUto of dtyivEu 
SniaChtf , (dront'e) a, Bulli; ; wuting n!n : 
Szuitth, (drowth) iL Diyiuae ^ want of niii or 
Dnn, (dr«T> n. |A.^ ilnVL] A lienl or 
uinudi drL^Ea <^lii motJ^— > m^^g crowd; 

iMtni, (diDwn)v. t, [A.-S, oi 
whelm in water; ta aubiuerg 

piling into "■"■^'i pleaaiut 
nx4ted in water or other flul 
Dnvu, (drowi) r. i. [A -H. i 
Imntfit'tlj or niBODudl; ; 

Jmnaij, <dtDwi'fr-ie) ads. li 
■Jovpilj; luiJj; alug^iihly. 
SmwaiEeaa, (droBie-iiea} n. Buta ot being 
drowey ; ■le«>inHa. 

,™k,.) Too 

ffnt. (drop) r. L To ponr < 

I ; letliAnic >-^nll ; 
Snb. (diub) X.I. \\ctl. dmZlM.i To L 
a Btlck ; cudgel ; thump ; bang. 
Disb, (drub) il A blow with a itiizk or 

DrabblBC. (dmb'ijig) n. Ciulgollmg: 
I)nid*«. (droj) V. I. (I>niTliidalEng. ilJ'" 
worE hard : lo labour in meao e&am 

Dradfe. (dmj) a. One wlko dradgos; i 

labonn with toil aud fiitigut. 
Drwlfory. (dnj'^r-e) n. Berrlle occ 

mfdUl or ij[110bl« IjhrtTiT - liHlkiintn work 

Drudfiqgly, (druj'' 
Bnij. (drug) 

Vith hanl aiid 




DniMet, (drug'et) iu [F. droffuel.] A coane, 
wooUen cloth, stamped on one side with figiiree, 
and generally need over carpet*. 

Bra^ift, (dmg'ut) n. One who deals in dmgs ; 
primarily, one who sells drags without oom- 
]x>unding or preparation; now apothecary or 

Druid, (droo'id) n. [O. c2ru«, oak.] A priest or 
minister of religion among the ancient Celtic 
nations. , 

SruidMs, (dr66'id-e8) lu A female druid. 

Sruidioal, (droo-id'ik-al) a. Pertaining to the 
Druids or their mannent, customs, and rites. 

Druidiim, (drdd'id-izm) n. The system of re- 
ligion, philosophy, and instruction reoeived azui 
taught by the Druids. 

Drum, (drum) iu [O. Sax. drom.] An instru- 
ment of military music;—* anudl cylindrical 
box in which figu, &c. are packed ; — ^the tym- 
ponimi or barrel of the ear : — a short cylinder 
revolving on an axis for the trausmissiou of 
motion ;— an evening assembly : a rout. 

Drum, (drum) v. i. To beat a drum ;— to beat 
with the fingers ; to beat, aa the heart : to 
throb ; — v. (. To execute on a drhnx : to exj)el 
with beat of drum : to assemble by beat of drum. 

Drum«head, (drumlied) n. The upper part of a 
drum;— Uie top of a capstan. 

Dmmly, (drum'ie) a. Turbid ; muddy. 

Drum-major, (dnun-ma'Jfir) n. The cldef drum- 
mer of a regiment. 

Drunkf (drungk) a. pprom di-unktn.] Overoomo 
by drinking ; intoxicated ; inebriated. 

Drunkard, (drungk'&rd) n. One given to excess 
in the use of stimulants ; one who is frequently 
or habitually drunk. 

Drunken, (dningk'n) a. Given to exoessi ve drink- 
ing ; intoxicated ; hiebriated; — ^pertaining to, or 
proceeding from, intoxication. 

Immkenneaa, (drnng^'n-nas) )i. Intoxication ; 
state of being overcome by spirituous liquors ; 
habit of being intoxicated :—« ftcndad disorder. 

Drupaceous, (droop-a'she-us) a. Produdng, or 
pertaining to drupes ; resembling a drupe. 

Drupe, (dr66p) h. [L. drupa.] A pulpy fruit, 
containing a nut or stone with a kemeL 

Dry, (dri)a. [A.-H. dvffp.] Free from moisture; 
arid ; — free from rain or mist :— free from Juices 
or sap; — without teaift; — tliiraty; craving drink; 
— barren ; plain ;— frigid ; cold ;— uninteresting; 
—sarcastic ;— hiu^d ; harsh. 

Dry, (dri) v. t. To free from water or from mois- 
ture : to wipe away ; to parch : to drain ; to ex- 
haust ;— V. 1. To grow dry ; to lose moisture ; — 
to evaporate wholly; to be exhaled. 

Dryad, (dri'ad) n. [h. drjfas.] A feuude deity or 
nymph of the woods. 

^Tlyi (drile) adv. In a dry manner. " 

Diyneaa, (drfnee) n. The state of being dry. 

Dry-nurse, (dri'nurs) n. A nurse who attends 
and feeds a child by hand. 

Drv-rot, (dri'rot) it. A rapid decay of timber, by 
which its substance is oonvertsd into a dry 

Dryaalter, (dri'sawlt-f r) n. A dealer in salted or 
cured meats, pickles, sauces, &c. 

Drysaltery, (dri'sawlt-^ r-e) ». The articles kept 
by a dryaalter ; — the business of a dxTsalter. 

Duad, (dfi'ad) n. [G. duoit from duo, two.] 
Union of two ; duality. 

Dual, (da'al)o. [Lk duo.l Expressing, or con- 
sisting of, two : belonging to twa 

Dualiam, (dil'al-izm)n. The dividing into two: 

two-fold state ; a belief in the existenoe of two 
dissimilar primitive principles in nature, or iu 
the constitution of man. 

Duality, (du-al'e-te) n . That which expresses two 
in number; — division: separation; — the stale 
or quali^ of being two. 

Dub, (dub) r. t. [A.-S. dvlftan.) To strike with 
a sword and make a knighf ;— to invest with 
an^diguitv; to entitle. 

DaUoaa, (du'be-us) a. [L. dubiui.] Doubtful : 
not settled in opinion;— occasioning doubt; — of 
uncertain event or issue; undetermined : aiu- 
biguous; equivocal; nnoertain: precarious. 

Dubioualj, (dd'bo-ua-le) adr. In a dubious man- 
ner; doubtfully: uncertainly. 

Dubionaneas, (du'be-us-nes) n. The state of being 
dubious : doubtfulness ; uncertainty. 

Duoal, (duluil) a. {L. diuc, leader.] Pertaining 
to a duke. 

Dneat, (duk'at) n. [F. dueat.] A coin current 
in several countries of Europe — the silver ducat 
is wortli about 4«. 8(2. ; the gold is twice tlutt 

DacheM, (duch'es) n. [F. dvchoM.] The con- 
sort or widow of a duke ; a lady who lja« a 
duchy in her own right. [duke; dukedonu 

Duchy, (duch'e) n. Territory or dominiona of a 

Duck, (duk) 91. [O. Sox. dok.] A siMcies of 
coarse clotli or light cauvaa, used lor small sails, 
sacking of beds, &c 

Duok, (duk) n. [From the verb to dvcl.] A 
well-known vrater-fowl, of the genus Ann*: — 
an inclination of the head;— a term of eudear- 

Duck , (duk) V. t. [D. duiken. ] To dip or plunge 
in water; — to nod^ as the head; to stoop or bend, 
aa the body; — v. i. To plunge into water : to 
dip: — to bow: to nod ; to stoop ; to cringe. 

Duckling, (dukling) n. A young duck. 

Duckweed, (duk'wed) n. A plant of the genua 
Leuma, of several species. 

Duet, (dukt) n. [L. dintuiJ] Any tube or canal 
by which a fluid or other substance is conducted 
or conveyed. 

Ductile, (duk'til) a. [L. duct'dl*.} TjuA\j led or 
drawn out; trectable: flexible; pliable; coiu- 
Tiliaut; obsequious. 

Ihiotility, (duk-til'e-te) n. Quality of being d uc- 
tile ; flexibility ; puableness ; the proxMsrty 
whdi metals have of being beaten out, aa in 
sheets, or drawn out, as in wire, without 

Dudgeon, (duj'un) n. [Ger. dtgeix.'l A small 
dagger ; the hilt of a dagger. 

DudJreoa, (duj'un) u. [W. difgm.\ Anger: resent- 
ment; malice: ill-will; discord. 

Due, (du) /I. [F. d<L.\ Owed : proper to be paid 
or done to another ; — suitable ; becoming : ap- 
propriate :— appointed; exact ;— owing to; occa- 
sioned by. 

Due, (du) adv. Directly ; exactly : dul v. 

Due, (du) n. Tliat which is owed ; that which 
custom, station, or law requires to be paid ; — 
right ; just title or claim. 

Duel, (du'el) n. [L. dMtHvm.\ A premeditated 
fight between two jwrsons ; — any ooutentioa ur 

Duel, (d&'el) r. i. To fight in single combat; to 
fight a duel ;— t*. ( To attack or fight singly. 

Duenna, (du-en'a) n. [Sp dutuaj] The chief 
huly in waiting on the queen of Spain: — an 

elderly lady in a Spanish frunily kept to goioU a 

younger ;— ft governess. 

ll)«. [A.-ado(.) 8t^pld;llowinoBda^- 
( >-liitliB : ilnggitli ;— iliw In heajing 
nemtf: nnnftdj; kwknrJ ; — ilBspj: dnw^r: 

^iteMi, (doEa'iiM) IL Tbt qiulit; or MMm of 

'^ rtcw, '(dnm'itiD) 'n. Qstoi* wiUwiit 

fcrtiwig. (dnn-ftnnd'fr) >. '. To itri^ 
^Bib; taoonhue; latUiptTy, to Btuii. 
'^■J. (dun's) IL Onaaho li dumb:— s ihun 
^i^^ in ■ ■hup :— tlM fbanh at upoaed hand 
J« i Uina pnoiii plij ■( vhitt. 
«■>, (damp) a. [I), (loinp.) A dnll glooinj 
"•!• of Ito mlDd; Bdn^ ; meludiolTi •omw. 
"^ut. (dmnp'tah) a. Dnll; (tupld; lad; 

TatUkMH, (d<impUl-B«) n. A Mats of 
'-i[ dniBplih. 

(diuopllD()fu [Eng. dumpy] Akind 

„ , j'.'.a-"' 

Dnnlrip,(dun-I6i>l». Aiwmt, rich kindof cheBBO 

maitein Arnliln. Sootlana. 
Ihumua, (dunlji ii, rCun] Picota i 

— •--S-i-of snjkind kid on -'- "■■ 

'---'~*n. [PVomcfitq.] OiweniplDTfld 


B'lih) a. 


IhwdMilmiLl. (da-a-Oe^e-m^i) a. [I. dvafrrini, 

DoodeoinuLa, (da-d-d«'e-nuu<) il fvf. A moltL- 

IbodHku, (<ia-A4lsi'c-ino) a. IL. iJii«i(ci'i>i.] 
Funned of ihwU foldnl hi H to nwka tHetn 

DnadHliM, (dil-S^H'o-ma) n. A book in 
■thJch ■ -'■— ■ '- '-'■■-' --•- • — '— ' 

Duodennm, (dd-S-den'nni) n. Tin, put of U 
iotHtiiul njul ne^t (o tba stoniAcn. 
Dope. (ddp^n. [F.] Ona wboiivuilTdnpad or 

Dupa. (ilflp) F. I. To daoain ; to trick ; to ml>- 

l«d bj linpocing an one't credatitjr 
Snpll. (da'pll n. |L.dupJu>.) Double 
Sopliisti, (dil'plo-k&t) a. [L. dniilualm, pp. of 

duplunrt, (0 floubla.] Doubla ; twofold. 
SiilAiiiUa, (dlplo-kll) n. That which enctl)' 

nHDbleaKmQtbingelH; a copy; a tranKiinti 
]>apUiiata,(dfl'pl<i-kat)r.t. Todonble; tofuMi 

to make a oopj or ttanaoiipt of; — to dlrldo into 

Ina by nltanU growUi. 
SnpUcstJgii, (dfl-plfr.kB'ihDn) n. Ths act of 

dimbtlni; multiplication b; two:— ulof told- 

&Bplieit7, <dll-pli*'«-t«)n. {L. ifiijilu-.] Theitats 
trf beinx donbla :— doutileneu df hcut, ejiewli. 
or DDDdnjil: — tha act of amanting one'i rval 

pedihable or ohangsble i abiding : p«T' 
L-bJ-nea) n. Powei of laitlog; 
^ni^'HdX'a-ble} adr. In a Untlng naiiDcr. 
impriaonment; cuauidy; reitnint. 



BnzBtian, (dur-a'ahun) n, ConUniaftnoe in time; 
— ^powerof oonUnaaooe; iMmuuienqr. 

Snnsft, (dur'es) n. [L. duru*.] Haidship; oon- 
■traint; impriaonment :—ieitraint of liberty. 

Snriag, (dOring) ppr. of dure.} Continuing; 
Iwtiag; in the time of; m long as the action or 
exiatenoe of— eommouly oaed aa a prepoaitioo. 

Ihuion, (du re-on) n. [Malay, dury,] TiM fruit 
of a large and lofty tree, Dv rto, 
growing in the Malayan Archi- 
pelago. It ia of the aize of a 
melon, ia indoaed in a prickly 
hiuk, and ia the faTOunte food 
of the natiTea. 

Durst, (dui-at) imp, of dart, 

Duak, (dnak) a. [Ger. duster.] 
Tending to darknoKa or black- 
neaa; darkiah. 

]huk« (dnak) m. Incipient ob- 
aoority ; atate between light and Ihuioii. 
darkneaa ; twilight ;— a colour partially black or 
dark. [darkly; dimly. 

Suakilyt (dnak'e-le) adv. In a duaky manner; 

Snakineia, (dusk'e-nea) n. The atate of being 
duaky: dimneaa. 

Onakiah, (duaic'iab) a. Moderately duaky; par- 
tially obacore. 

Duaky, (duak'e) a. Partially dark or obeoure;^ 
tending to black;— gloomy; aad. 

Suet, (duat) n. [A. -8. dust.] Very fine, dry par^ 
ticlea of earth or other matter ; fine aand ; — ^the 
earth aa the reating-plaoe of the dead; the 
grove ;— « low condition ; — gold duat ; hence, 
mouer ; caah ;^the pollen of the anther. 

Duat, (duat) v. t. To me trow duat:— to sprinkle 
with duat ; — to reduce to powder : to levigate. 

Duster, (dust'cr) n. One who dusts; a utensil for 
dusting:— a dredger. [dnsty. 

Dustiness, (dnst'e-nes) «t. The state of beinc 

Dusty, (dusf e) a. Filled, covered, or sprinkled 
with dust : — like dost ; of the colour of dust. 

Dutch, (duch) a. [D duiUeh.] Pertaining to 
Holland, to its inhabitants, or their language. 

Duteous, (dtt'tO-ua) a. [Fromdufy.] Performing 
that which ia due ; — obedient ; bbeequioua; 
dutiftil. [ner. 

Duteouslv. (da'ts>u*>le) adv. In a duteous man- 

DntifU, (dtt te-fOdl) a. Performing the duties or 
obligations required ;^)roceeding firom a sense 
of duty ; obedient ; reverential ; submissive ; 

Dutifiillv, (da'te-f66Me) adv. In a dutlAil man- 
ner: obediently: respectfully. 

Dtttiftilneas, (da'te-fool-nea) n. State of being 
dutiful : obedience, especially to parents. 

Duty, (dfl'te) n. [From due.] lliat which is 
proper, or enjoined ; obedience ; snbmisaion ; 
reverence; obligation;— military guard or ^atoh ; I 

; t(dl ; customs;— work; busineu; aerTica; 

Dwuf, (dwawrf) n. [A.-S. dieearg.] An ani- 
mal or plant much below the ordiuaiy size ; a 
diminutive man ; mannikio. 

Dwarf, (dwawrf) r. t To hinder from growing 
to the natural aise ; to stunt 

Dwaxilsh, (dwawrf lah) o. Like a dwarf; below 
the common stature or size; low ; petty. 

DwarflilulMs, (dwawrf 'iah-nes) jt. bmallness of 
stature; diniinutivenesa. 

Dwell, (dwel) v. i. [Icel. dvtl.] To abide in; to 
inhabit for a time ; to be attentive ; to hang oii 
with foudneas ; — to continue long ; to expatiate 

Dweller, (dwer^r) u. An inhabitant; a r^eideut. 

Dwelliag, (dwel'ing) n. Habitation; abode; 

Dwindle, (dwin'dl) r.i. [A.S. dvinan.] To 
diuiini^; to waate away : — ^r. (. To make leae; 
to bring low; — ^to break; to disperse. 

Dwt, (dwt.) 91. An abbreviation of pennyweight. 

Dye, (di) v. U [A. -8. deoffau.] To stain ; to 
colour ; to give a new and permanent colour to. 

l)f. (di) n. A colouring liquor ; stain ; tingo. 

Dyeing, (dfing) n. The art or practice of gi v ing 
new and permanent colour to. 

Dyer, (dt'cr) ». One whose occupation is to dye 
cloth, ^'0. 

Dying, (di'ing) a. Destined to death ; mortAl : 
—pertaining to death ; manifested in tlie hour 
of death. 

Dynamio, (di-namlk) a. [G. dunamU] Per- 
udning to strength or power, or to dynamics. ' 

Dhnmnuos, (di-iiam'iks) n. Hng. Doctrine of 
forces and powers; science of matter in motion, 
aa opposed to statics ;— that ^part of mechanics 
which traats of forces in action, as opposed to 
forces in equilibrium. 

Dynastie, (di-nast'ik) a, Belating to a dynasty 
or line of kings. 

Dynasty, (dfnas-te) n. [O. dunoMthai.] Sove- 
reignty; government : — ^rule in the same line or 
order :—« race or fiRmtiy of rulers or kings in a 
oountiy : — ^the epoch or period of their reign. 

DysentssiMl, (dis-en-tcr'ik-al) a. Pertaining to 
dysentery ;— afflicted with dysentery. 

Dyaentory, (dis^en-t^r-e) n. [G. dutenteria.] 
Inflammation of the rectum or colon, attended 
with griping pains, and discharge of mucus aitd 

D ysu e pay, (dis-pep'ae) n, [O. dut and pepttin,] 
Indigestion : chronic difficulty of digestion. 

Dyspeptie, (dis-pep'tik) a. Afflicted with, or con- 
sLsting in, dyspepsy or bad digestion. 

Dymeptio, (dis-pep'tik) n. A person afflicted 
wiUi dyspepsy. 

Dymy, (oisiir^) n, [G. du* and oiiron,] Diffi- 
culty in discharging the urine. 


E(e)i The seoona vowel and the fifth letter 
of the English alphabet It has a long 
sound, as in mi, hire; a short sound, as in asm, 
m«t; and a sound like a, as in (Acre, prtjf. As 
a prefix, it has a privative meaning, noting from 
or out of :— OS a numeral, it stands tor il60 ;— it 
is the third tone of the model diatonic scale ; 
Eb CE flat) is a tone tntennediate betiTNA D 

Bash, (eoh) a. [A. -8. aZic] Evoy cne of the 
two or more individuals eomposlng a whol^ 
considered separately ftom the rest 

Sagtr, (fi'gcr) a. [F^aiffre.] Ardent: vehement; 
impetuous:— inflamed by desire; strongly solid- 
tons to nursue, obtain, or perfonn;— sharp; 
keen ; biting. 

Bagtr^, (e'ger-le) adv. With grsai udcur of de- 
sin; Mvneitly; inpetaonejy;— kaanly; sbsi)4y« 




KiCtnaM^ (l^gfr-nm) n. Quality or state of 

bcnsMger; vdiemenoe; Jbr?ottr; aTidity. 
Ikflf, (e'gl) R. [L. aguila.] A rapadoiui bird 

of tlM &Ioon fiuniljr, ramarkabltf for itc strength, 

uxe, gnooftil figure, aod extroonlinary flight ;— ^ 

k ^old eoin of the United States, of the value or 

&rtj-two diillings. [eagle ; discerning. 

Bifl^cycd, rrgl-id) a. Sharp-sighted, as an 
IifK (%iet) a. A joong eagleu 
Ztr. (&r) Ik [A-S. eaiY.] The oxgan of hearing: 

-tlM mm of hearing ;— the power of distin- 

Soi^iiog soonds: mnsical Uste: — a fkvonrable 

iMiiof ; attention : heed. [X.-H. ear, Qo. ah*,] 

Tb« iptkfl of a pknt of oom or other grain, 
w, (er) 9. t. To form ears, as com ; to plough. 
Suae, (Ifnk) n. Acute pain from iuilam- 

Batkm in or about the ear. [ear. 

Itf-dnm, (fir'dram) ». The tympanum of the 
MRig, (er'ing) n. Ploughing ;— growing into 

«>n ;— a tvfo attached to the cringle of a sail 
^ ((ri) n. iA.-B. fori.] A British tiUe of no- 

bititjnoidag between a marquis and avisooant 
w&B, (^'dum) A. Seignioi'y, jurisdiction, or 

bri-nanhal, (crrmAr>shal) n. The eighth 

c-&cr of itate in Kngland who superintended 

Bilitarjr oeremonies or court solemnities. 
woek, (eraok) n. A curl of hair near the 


wi7. (ti^)a. [A.-8. ariic^] Prior in time; 

tmni; in advanoe ; timely ; opportune. 
wf, (^rle) «4r. Soon; in good season; betimes, 
w-oajt, (<>z'mark) v. t To mark, aa aheep, by 

cKipog or slitting the ear. 

•■r^sfk. (o^mdrk) m. A mark on the ear by 

■hkh a ibeep is known. 

wa, (cm) v.f. [A-S. eamian.] To merit or 
jkserre :— te acquire by serTioe or performance. 
Ivurt, (em'ost) a. [A-S. eoraMl.] Ardent in 

^ ptuioit of an object ; aaalous ;~iutont ;^ 

■^nott; eager; forvent. 

'■iiMt, tem'est) a. Serionaneas : reality ;— a 

pwfe of what is to come ; sum paid In hiring 


'■aestly, (txn'eat-le) adv. In an eazneat man- 

^ : wannly ; eagerly : intonaely. 

'^■OMtacaa, (fim'est-nea) n. State of being 


^'■iBffi (fixn'inc) n. That which la earned : 

3*! stipend; reward ;~ mostly pluial, 

«*tnag or Iir^fvp, (Sr'ring) n. An ornament 
J^Kodfld fkom the ear by a ring paaaing 

J^^ the k>be : a pendant. 

^•^ut, (ir'ahot) ». Reach of the ear: dis- 
Uaohti which words may be heard. 

*"*; («rth) n, [A -8. eordhe.] The globe we 
JUttbit : the world ;- the dnr land :-«oU of all 
nndi, indnding gravel, dav, loam, Ac. ;~a 
"w : a country ;— the people on the giobe ;— 
»]^ia the ground. 

■J*, (pth) V. I. To hide, or cause to hide, in 
»• «irth:~to cover with earth or mould ;— #. i. 
wnibrB under ground; to burrow. 

'*[^board,(§rth'bdnl)ii. Theboaidofanlough, 

^**tania over the earth; mould-board. 

^"JJ^Mn, (^rtblwim) a. Bom of the earth ; 

^*g. &aa : mortal ;— meanly bom : vulgar. 

g2*Sf (Ciih'n) a. Hadeof earth; made of day. 

^|[wnra,(Qrth'n-war>N. Household utenaila 

»zS ^ ^^y '• crockery; pottery. 

fafl^asa, (trth'e-ne^ «. QuaUty of being 

Earthliimaa, (erthle-nea) n. The atete of being 
attached to earthly things; worldliness; carnal- 
ly; sensuouauesa. 

BMthly, («rthle) a. Pertaining to the eariii; 
material; aenaual;— carnal; corporeal; mean; 
baae: grovelling. 

Earthly-minded, (crthle-mlnd-ed) a. Having a 
mind devoted to earthly things; worldly-minded. 

Sarth-nut, (erth'nut) n. The root of an imibel- 
liferona plan<^ whidi ia farinaneoua, aweet> and 
uouriahing ; pig-nuL 

TtarfrhgnaVe, (srthlEwak) n. A ahaldng, trem- 
bling, or oonvulnon of the earth. 

larth-work, (erth' wurk) n. The removal of largo 
maaaea of ewth in the consteuction of railways, 
and the like ;— any fortiflcation made by throw- 
ing up embankmente of earth. 

Sartik-wonn, (erth'wurm) a. The common worm 
found in the soil ;— a mean, sordid person. 

Earthy, (erth'e) a. Consisting of, or relating to^ 
earth ; terrestrial ;— gross ; unrefined. { 

Ear-trumpet, (Sr'tramp-et) n. An instrument 
applied to tiie ear to aid in hearing. 

Eu>-waZf (er'waki) n. The cerumen; a thick, 
viscous substance, secreted by the glands of the 

Earwjf, (er'wig) n. [A.-S. ear-mgga.1 An in- 
aect with very short wing-cases, which eats fruit 
and flower leavea— so called because supposed to 
creen into the human brain through the ear. 

Earwig, (6r^wig) v. L To whiiper in the ear ; to 
influence by oov^ statomente or insinuationa. 

flar-witnesa, (6r'wit-nea) ii. One who givea the 
teatimony of hearing aa to any matter. 

Eaae, (ez) n, [F. aiu.] Rest; quiet; — ^freedom 
from bodily effort or labour ; rolazation ;~ free- 
dom from anxiety or other mental diaquietude; 
—freedom from attffness or oonatiaint in man- 
ner;— fadlity in apeeoh or literary oompoaition. 

Ease, (ea)«.l. To quiet ; to calm ; to free from 
any thing that paina, diaquiete, or oppresses ;— 
to relieve;— to release l^rom preaaure or restraint; 
to ahift a little. 

Eaael, (ea'el) n. [Oer. ete2, aaa] A wooden frame 
with movable pega or 
a eliding rack, on 
which a painter plaoea 

Eaaement, (eB'ment)ib 
That which givea eaae; 
convenience ; aooom- 

Badlj, (CzVle) adv. 
With ease; without 
difiiculty ; readily ; 
nntly; smoothly. ~ SsaeL 

KaainMa, (e^e-nea) n. State or condition of 
being eai^ ;— act of moving with eaae. 

East, (est) n. [A-S. eoal] One of the four car- 
dinal pointe ;— the point in the heavena where 
the aun ia aeen to riae at the equinox;— the 
eastern part of a country ; the parte of Asia east 
of Europe and the Mediterranean. 

Salt, (Oat) a. Toward the riaing sun. 

Eaater, (ds'tsr) n. [A.-S. edHer, tdtiran.1 ' A 
festival commemorating Christ's resurrection, 
occurring on Sunday, the second day after Good 

Salter^, (esf (r-le) a. Coming from the east}— 
aituated, looking, or moving toward the east. 

Saatarly, (isf gr-le) adv. On, or in the direction 
of, the east. 

BMteim(«sfflni)o, BitnatodordwvUingiBthe 





eaat; oriental ;— going to or in th« direction of 

Saatwvd, (ert'wexd) adv. Toward the east 

Eaey, (Sz'e) a. At ease; firee from pain, anxiety, 
or constraint ; — affording rest ;— not difficult ; — 
causing ease ; — not straitened as to money niat- 
tera ; tranquil ; secure ; calm ; yielding ; com- 
pliant; ready. 

Eat, (et) V. t. [A.-S. etan.] To chew and swallow, 
as food ;— to corrode by rust; to consume gradu- 
ally, as a cancer: to waste or wear awav; — v. i. 
To tiJie food ; to feed ; to taste or relish ; to 

Eatable, (et'arbl) a. Capable of being eaten ; fit 
to be eaten ; proper for food ; esculent ; edible. 

EataUe, (3t'aHi>l) n. Any thing that may be 
eaten. [oon-odeB. 

Eater, (6t'fir) n. One who, or that which, eats or 

Saves, (cTz) n. p2. [A.S. efue.] The lower edges 
of the roof of a building which oyerhang &e 

Eavesdrop, (erzMTop) v. i. To stand under the 
eaves ox a house, to learn what is said within 
doors : to watch for opportunities of hearing the 
private conversation of others. 

Eavesdropper, (ovz'drop-cr) 7t, One who skulks 
about to hear the private conversation of 

Ebb, (eb) n. [A -6. ebbe ] The reflux of the tide; 
the return of tide-water toward the sea; — a 
fidling from a better to a worse state; decline; 

Ebb, (eb) v. i. To flow back; to return, as the 
water of a tide toward the ooean ;~to fkll tram 
a better to a worse state : to decline. 

Eblis, (eblis) n. An evil spirit or demon. 

Ebon, (eb'on) a. Consisting of ebony; like 
ebony;— bladk as ebonv. 

Ebony, (eb'on-e) n. [H. habnL] A hard, heavy, 
and durable wood, which admits of a fine polish 
or ffloas— the most frequent colour is black. 

Emel^, (S-bri'e>te) n. [L. ebriu*.] Intoxication; 

Ebnllienoe, (S-buTyena) n. A boUing over. 

Ebullient, (e-bul'yent) a. [L. ebuUire.] Boiling 
over, as a liquor; hence, exuberant; over- 

Ebullition, (e-bul-lish'un) n. The operation of 
boiling ;— effervescence from fermentation ;— 
outburst of excited feelings. 

Ecarte, (ek-ar'to) it. [F.] A game at cards. 

Eooe-homo, (ek'se-hd'mO) n. [L. behold the man.] 
A picture which represents the Saviour given up 
to the people by Fflate, and wearing a crown of 

Eooentrio, (ek-aen'trik) eu [L. centrum.) Depart- 
ing from the centre ; — not having the same 
centre; — departing from the usual course ; de- 
viating item stated Ibnns, meUiods, or laws; 
anomidous ; singular ; odd ; strange ; whimsical. 

Eooentrio, (ek-een'tiik) n. A ciroie not having 
the samecentre as another; 
— one wlio or that which 
deviates from regularity; — 
a wheel or disk having its 
axis of revolution out of its 
centre of figure. 

Eooentrioally, ( ek-sen'trik- 
al-le) adv. In an eccentric manner. 

Eooentrioity, (ek-een-tris'e-te) ». Deviation fhmi 
a oentee;— «tate of having! a centre different 
from that of another circle ;— distance of the 
centre of ft.pUuiet's orbit from the centre of the 


sun : — deviation from custom or establialied 

method ;irregalarity; singularity: oddity. 
SooleaiaatiDal, ('tik-al) o. [6. ektli- 

Ha.] Pertaining to the church or to its mgaiii- 

zation or government. 
Eodesiastio, (ek-kle-ze-as'tik) n. A person in 

orders; a clergyman ; a priest 
EodeaiaatioaUy, ('tik-al.Ie) adr. In 

an enclflsiastiaU manner; aoooidiug to eocleaiaa- 

tical rules. 
Eooleaiastioai, (ek-kle-ze-as'tik-ns) n. A book of 

the Apodypha. 
Eohinos, (filon-us) n. [L., O. eckinoi.] A hedge- 

hog ;— a sea-urchin ;— a prickly bead or top of a 

plant ;— A form of movilaing. 
Echo, (ek'd) n. [G. ich6, same as ichi, sound.] 

A sound reflected or reverberated from a solid 

body; renercusuon of sound. 
Echo, (drO) V. t. To reverberate or send back ; 

to return ; — to repeat with assent ; to adopt ; 

— V. i. To be echoed or reverberated. 
Eolairoiuement, (ek-lftrUs-mong) «i. [F.] The 

clearing up of any thing obwure or not easily 

EoUt, (S-kl&O n- rF] Splendour; show ; lustre; 

— renown ; approbation of success ; applaose. 
Eoleotio, (ek-lek'tik) a. [G. ekUgeiTu] Selecting; 

choonng at will. 
Edeotio, (ek-lek'tik) n. A selector: one who 

forms a system by selecting from the prindplea, 

opinions, or syst^ns of othezs; — a sect of aocient 

pniloeopheri ; a class of ancient physicians : a 

sect in the Christian church who combined ih» 

teaching of Plato with the doctrines of Saipturo. 
Edeetioajl J, (ek-lek'Uk-al-le) adv. In an edectie 

Edeotioiam, (ek-lek'te-sizm) n. The doctrine or 

practioe of an eclectic ; an eclectic system. 
Solipse, (e-klipO n. [Q. elUipris.] An inter- 
ception or ooscnration of 

the light of the sun or c " J '^ L, 

moon, or other luminous ■m^ijg' < ^^ 

body, as eclipse of the sun **^ — ^nv^r 

by the intervention of the 

moon between it and the Eellpae. 

earth, or eclipse of the moon hy the interposition 

of the earth between it and the 8un^— obsoora- 

Eclipse, (C-klipsO v. t. To darken or hide— said 

of a heavenly body; — ^to obscure ; to throw into 

Eoliptio, ^e-klip'tik) n. An imaginary great 

drde ot the spnere, which is the apparent path 

of the son, or the real path of the earth as seen 

from the sun ^— a great drde on the terrestrial 

globe, answering to the celestial ediptia 
Ediptio, (&-klip'tik) a. [Q. etleiptihu.] Per- 

taining to, or described by, the ediptie; — per- 
taining to an eclipse or to edipees. 
Sdogue, (ek'log) n. [O. tkl4^, selectioo.] A 

pastoral composition ; a bucolic ; an idyL 
Ssonomieal, (S-kon-om'ik-al) a. Pertaining to 

the household; domestio; — saving; prudent in 

expenditure ;— managed wi^ fhigality. 
Eoononioa]^, (S-kon-omlk-al-le) adr. With 

economy; frugaUy. f 

Eoonomios, (S-kon-om'iks) n. sing. The adence 

of domestic management. 
Eeimomist, (S-kon'om-ist) n. One who manages 

with frugality :— one who is oonveraaut with 

political economy. 
Eoonomiie, (6-kon'om-ii) v. t. To use with pn- 

dence;~to expend with fhigality ;•— v. i. To 




muiagv poeaiiiaiy coQcerns with frugality; to 
nakfl A pnident nao, as of money, time, 
laboar, Ac 

Imoamj, (C-kon^o-me) it. [0. oikotBnd nomog,] 
ttanagBment of the honee ; prudence and fru- 
gilitf in the nae of money and means: ananm- 
ment or diaporition ; eyttem, rules, or ragma- 
tioos by which thinn are dispoaed, as in nature, 
Um providence of Uod. iui. ; — ^poUtical govern- 
ment, sqieeiaUy with lefeience to national 
voslth and rasonroes ; frugality ; thrift. 

iMli^j, (cTsta^) n. [O. ekttasis.] A fixed 
itile : a timaoe ;— exoessiTe joy ; rapture ;— «n- 
ttnuiaBm ; exceeriye eloTation of the mind. 

XcMis, (ek-staVik) a. Arresting the mind; 
entnndng ; — ^transporting ; raptuxxnis. 

iNmneal, (ek-^-menlk-al) a. [G. oikos.] 
Relating to the whole world ; — general ; uni- 

Usoty, (Mas'e-te) n, Tandenoy to or habit of 
eating largely; glattony; greediness. 

X^, (sd'e) a. [A.-S. ed and ea.] A cnrrent of 
air Qrmter numing back or in a circular direo 
tfam; a whirlpool. 

Uiy, (ad'e) v. I. To move in a circolar diieo- 
t»a, is a whirlpool or cnrrent. 

Urn, (Pdeo) a. [H.] The garden where Adam 
ud Ere fhst dwelt ; a paradise. 

Uflstatt, (fr<lent'at) n. [L. e and dent.] An 

•aiaial of the sloth . - . 

and snnadillo tribes, 
vsoting Jbre teeth 

The thin cutting aide 
d the Usde of an in- 
■tnment ; -^ bender ; 
^■n&k; margin ; sharp Edentata 

VBsnow side: — that which cuts or wonnds; 
I^mt ;-4u6nne8s : — ^intensity ; sharpness ; acri- 

U|i, (4) 9. t. To Aimish with an edge ; to 
'btrpen ;— to fringe or border ;— to provoke ; to 
<iiq«nte ;— to move by little and little:— v. i. 
To nave sideways ; to more gradually ;— to sail 

Mfdssi, (ejles) a. Wanting edge ; blunt ; o\y 
^ : unfit to cut or pierce ; pointless. 
Uge-tBol, (e/tdOl) n. An instrument having a 
tiuzp edge, used in carpenter or joiner work, 
''(•vise, (cihviz) adv. In the direction of the 

•VBgt (^'ing) n. That which fonus an edge or 

border ; fringe ; trimming. 
S^ (edVU) a. [L. tdere, to eat] Fit to be 

etten as food ; esculent ; eatable. 
*^ (e^dikt) n. [L. e, ex, and dieert.^ That 

vbich is proclaimed by authcnity, as a rule of 

>^<ni ; a special oommand or prohibition ; 

rtatate ; decree ; ordinance ; manifesto. 
•Bfcation, (ed-e-ib-kft'shun) n. The act of edi- 
fying or Isdlding up, especially in a moral and 
jdigkras sense ; instmcUon ; improvement 
UiiM, (ed'e-fls) n, [L. m{i/frar«.] AbnUding; 

a itraetnre ; a Jkbtic— chiefiy applied to large 


««fy, (ed'e-fi) 1. 1. [L. ndt* and facere.] To 

Md :— to instruct and improve in knowledge 

fBiersUy, particularly in moral and religious 


U]«, {VM)n, [L. adilit.] A Roman magis- 

^te who had the care of buildings, highways, 


Xdileship, (e'dH-ship) n. The office of edile. 

£dit, (ed'it) v. t [L. etUre.] To superintend the 
publication of; t^ revise and correct; to prepare 
for publication. 

Editioa, (&<iiah'un) n. [L. editio.] The publi- 
cation of a literary work ; — repubUcation, often 
vrith corrections or additions ; — ^impression ; the 
number of copies printed at one publication. 

Editor, (ed'it-cr) n. A publisher of books ;— one 
who prepares, revises, and corrects a book, 
newspaper, or the like, for publication. 

Zditoruu, (ed-e-to're-al) a. Pertaining to, or 
written by, an editor. 

Bditorially, (ed-o-td'r»-al-Ie) adv. In the mAnner 
or character of an editor. 

Editorship, (od'it-cr-ship) n. BttsinesB or office 
of an editor. 

Educate, (ed'fi-kat) v. t. [Tj. educart.'i To bring 
up, as a child ; to cultivate and flisciplioe the 
▼arious powers of the mind; instruct; teach; 
train; rear; indoctrinate. 

Education, (ed-u-ka'shun) h. Act or process of 
educating; bringing up; training: formation of 
character or manners; cultivation; tuition; 
nurture; admonition. 

Edaoational, (ed-u-k&'shun-al) a. Feiiaining to 

Edueationlat, (ed-u-k&'shun-ist) n. One who is 
versed in, cr who promotes, education. 

Educe, (e-dusO v. t. [L. r and dwete.] To draw 
forth, as if from concealment; elicit; extract. 

Eduction, ^e-duk^shuu) n . Act of drawing out or 
bringing mto view. 

Eel, (@1) n. [A. -8. al, Ger. Al.] A species of 
soft-finned, snake-like fishes. 

Eel-pout, (erpout) n. The burbot, a firesh water 
fish somewhat resembling the eel. 

E'en, (en). A contraction for even. 

E'er, (ar). A contraction for eva\ 

Eflkoe, (ef-fas') r. t. [F. ^acer.] To erase or 
scratch out; to rub off*;— to remove from the 
mind, as an impresston ; to wear away. 

Effaoement, (ef-ras'ment) n. The act of effacing 
or expunging. 

Effect, (ef-fekt^ n. [L. rffleere.] That which is 
produMd by an agent or cause; result; conse- 
quence; event; impression; — purpose; general 
intention ;— profit; advantage ;— force ; validity ; 
efficiency ;— reality: actual fact;— pL Goods; 
movables ; personal estate. 

Effect, (ef-fekf) v.t. [L. ex and facere. ] To pro- 
duce, as a cause or agent ; to cause to be ;— to 
bring to pass ; to accomplish ; to perform ; 
achieve ; complete ; execute. 

EffeotiTe, (ef-fekt'iv) a. Suited or tending to 
produce effects; efficacious; effectual: ojierative; 
powerful; energetic. 

SEeotiTely, (ef-fekt'iy-le) adv. With effect; 
powerftilly. [being effective. 

EffeetiTeaeas, (ef-fekfiv-nes) n. The quality of 

Effeotoal, (ef-fekt'fi-al) a. Producing, or having 
power to produce, an intended effect: adequate. 

ffifectnally, (ef-fekt'u-al-le) adv. Efficaciously; 
thorongUy; completely. 

Effeetoate, ( ef-fekf fl-at) v.t. To bring to 
pass ; to achieve ; to accomplish ; to ftilfll. 

Sffoninacy, (ef-fem'in-a-se) n. Unmanly deli- 
cacy ; softness or weakness ; Tduptuousness. 

Effeminate, (ef-fem'in-ftt) a. [L. ^eminare.] 
Soft or delicate to an unmanly degree; weak ; — 
tender;— vol uptuous. 

Effaoinate, (ef-fem'in-at) v. t. To make woman- 
ish : to unman ; to weaken. ^ 




EffBoiiaAtely, (of-fein'in-&t-lo) adv. In a woman- 
iah mamiflr: waaklj; aofUj; delicately. 

Effeadi, (ef-ibn'de) n. [Turk.] Honorary title of a 
Tnrkidi state official and man of learning. 

Sfferveeoe, (ef-f^-yeeO v. i. [L. ez and fer vu e e rt . ] 
To grow hot : to eeoape ai air or gas, with a 
bubbUng and hiaeiug sound; — to boil over; 

' henoe, to be in a state of oommotion and on- 
controllable impulse. 

XBTenresotnoo, (ef-fler-Tes'eni) tk State of effer- 

ZlFanresoaat, <ef-fcr-Tes'ent)a. Gently boiling 
or babbling oy the disengagement of bm. 

ZiFete, (ef-fSf) a. [h. ex and/ottui.] No longer 
capAble of producing young; barren;— worn out 
with age or exoeaaiTe indulgenoe. 

Sffioaoiooa, (ef-lb-ka'she-ns) a. fL. <^eax.] Pro- 
duotire; producing the eflrectintended; effectual 

Xffloaoioiialy, (ef-fb-k&'sbe-us-le) adv. Effectually ; 
in such a manner as to produce the offset desired. 

EfBoaniwisness, (ef-fe-kfl'sh»>ns-nes) n. Quality 
of being efficacious. 

Xffloa^, (effe-k&-ee)ii. Power to pvoduoe effects; 

jproduetion of the effect intended; Ibroe; energy. 

B&oieney, (ef-flsh'e-en-se) n. The act of causing 
or produdng ; effectual agency ^-power of caus- 
ing or producing; competent power. 

Efficient, (ef-flsh'e-ent) a. [L. ^ffleiau.] Causing; 
producing; actively operatiTe; competent; able; 

Efficient, (ef-flsh'e-ent) n. The agent or cause 
which poduoes. [effeotiTaly. 

Effideatty. (ef-flsh'e-ent-le) ad0. With effiwt; 

Effigy, (erlb-Je) il [L. efflffit»,] Image or repre- 
sentation in sculpturo, painting, bas>ralief, or 

Effioreaoe, (ef-ilo-reO v.i. [L. » and Jtonaeere.] 
To form a mealy powder on the surflboe ;— to be 
ooTcred with the crust of eraporated salts. 

Xfflenaeenoe, (ef-fk>-xe8'ens) n. Time of flower- 
ing ;— eruption, as in rash, measles, Ac }— the 
formation of whitiih powder on the surfiboe of 
bodies, as salts, Ac 

Ei&areaoent, ( ef-flo-res'ent ) a. Showing, as 
flowers;— branching out in threads or white 

Effiuenee, (effla-ens) n. A flowing out ;-4hat 
which Issues from any body; issue; emanation. 

Effiuent, (ef'fia-ent) a. [L. er and^Ciierc] Flow- 
ing out, as a stream firom a lake. 

Sfflwrium, fef-flu'Te-um) n. Subtle emanation 
or exhalauon; apeeiaUy, noxious exhalation 
fhim diseased bodies or putrel^g animal or 
vegetable substances; miasma. 

Efflux or TMHuxiwn. (ef'fluks) n. [L. e^uerr.] 
Act or state of flowing out; effusion ;— that 
which flows out ; emanation. 

Effort, (ef'ISrt) n. [L. fortU.] An exertion of 
stnngth or power, whether physical or mental ; 
struggle ; attempt ; trial ; essay. 

Eflhmtery, (ef-fhmfcr-e) n. [L. c/fVoiu.] 
Exoearive assurance : ahamelessneas ; audacity ; 

SffUgenee, (ef-fhFJens) n. The state of being 
eiRugent; extreme brillia&<7; great lustre or 
briffhtneai: splendour. 

EffiiIgeat,ref-fol'Jent)o. [L. ^IM{fere.] Diffha- 
ing a flood of li^t; bright; splendid; luminous. 

Effoae, (ef-fOfO v. t, [L. ^andert.] To pour 
out^ as a fluid ; to spiU ; to shed;-^. i. To 
emanate ; to issue. 

Sfl^we, (ef-fils2<** Spreading ]ooady,di«ipated. 
Zflteion, (ef-m'zhun) n, (L ttfutio.] Act of 

ig out, aa a liqnid ;— act of ahedding, aa 
»lood : — lavish nse of words ; expatiation ; — 
bestowal of divine grace or influence. 

SffiiaiTe, (ef-fOs'iv) a. Pooling out; pouring 
ibrth laigely; disponing. 

SAiaiTelyi (ef-fOslv-le) adv. In aa etttuiTe 

Eft, (eft) A. tA.*S. </ef«.] A newl 

Egena, (e-J8Yfr«) n. An asteroid be t wee n the 
orbits of Mars and Jupiter ^->a goddeas wor- 
shipped by the andent Romans. 

Egg, (eg) n. [A. -8. ag, L. amtm, Q. Am.] A sphe- 
roldid body fonned in the ovaiy, containing the 
germ of a new individnal of the snecdes within a 
shell or visooua membrane ;— any thing UIm on 
egg in form. 

Bgf f iv) *' ^ To tuVB on ; to instigate ; to pxo- 
voke to action. 

Eglaatiae, (eglan-tln) n. [F. igtarUiMf Jm acus.] 
A qmaes of rose ; the sweet-brier. 

EgoiiDa, (e'go-izm) iu (L. ego, I.] Sul^ective 
idealism:— a philosophical system, which holds 
that thd only thing knowable and oertaln is tbo 
Sgo (I, me, the person thinking), his existonow, 
and the ideas and operations of his miod ^— an 
excessive love of self ; egotism. 

EgOftiaB, (S'got-lEm) n. The practice of too fre- 
quently usbg the word // self-praise; aelf-im- 

botiat, (fi'got-ist) n. One who repeats the wosd 
/very frequently in conversation or writing. 

Sgotiatioal, (d-got-ist'ik-al) o. Addicted to egot- 
ism ; vain ; self-important ; opinioikated. 

Bgotiie, <fi-got-is^ v. i. To talk or write much 
m one's self. 

Egregious, (g-gre^o-ns) a. [L. tgregiua.) Emi- 
nent ; remarkable ; extraordinary ;— enormous ; 

Egregiously, (e*gr6^e-ns-le) ade. Greatly: re- 
markably: enormously. 

Egress, (fibres) n. [L. egre$ni*.] Act of laming 
proceeaing ttook i—Bct of going out from 



leaving a place— usually a confined or besiegwi 
place; departura ;— right or liberty to derwrt. 

sgret, (Cgret) n. The lesser white heron : an 
elegant fowl of the genus Ardm., with a white 
body and a crest on the head ; — a heron's feather; 
—the feathery crown of seeds. 

^rette, (9-gietO n. [F. aigrette.] A tufi of 
feathera, diamonds, ftc. 

Sgyptiaa, (e-Jip'ahan) a. Pertaining to Sfrypt 
in Africa. [giW- 

(§-Jip'shan) n, A native of Egypt: — a 
^|?ft) interj. An exprosion of inquiry, doubt, 
or slieht surprise. 

Eider-duck, (i'der-dnk) 91. (8w. tjder, Dan. eder- 
/ugl, Ger. eiderpan$.] A species of sea<dnck 
about twice the sise of the domeatic duck, fre- 
quenting rocky shores and islands, and found 
in Orkney, the Shetlands, and especially in the 
Arotic regiona Its down has a high maricetahle 
value from its great lightne^ elasticity, and 

Eido|;ra|h, (Tdo-graO »* i^- ^^^i"* ^^ prarkein. ] 
An instrument for copying drawings ur designs. 

Eight, (at) n. [A-S. Cfhta.] A symbol repre- 
senting eight units, as 8 or viii 

Ei^hteea, (ftt'en) ti. A symbol Tspresenting 
eighteen units, as 18 or xviii. 

Eignteenmo, (ftt'611-md) n. A book is said to be 
in 18mo when the sheet is folded into eighteen 

Eighteenth, (iit'enth) o. Conaiattng of one of 



dgfateon 0qittl puis into whiidi U17 thing is 

Ii^rti^ (itHh) a. Gonaifltiiig of on« of eight 

•qoal purii Into whioh any thing is divided. 
Si^ltth, (fttth) n. One of eight equal parte: an 

eiriith part ;— the interval of an ootaTe. 
hftauA, (ftTe^ih) a. Conaeting of one of 

eigfatj equal parts into which any thing is 

B^bSj, (ife) «i. A symbol reprasenting eighty 

siuti, as SO or Izsx; 
Sttar, (af^raer, ftHer)a. or onm. [A.-S. dgdktr, 

Qer. >nkr.] One or the other— pnqwrly of two 

tiiiogs, but sometimes of more ;~each of two ; 

theons and the other. 
Btte, (enmr). Either ia a distribatiTe oon- 

jnwtton used to indieate the flnt of two or 

mors sHeniatiTes, and is answered by or, which 
jneedm the second or suhseaoent alternativeew 
iaodali, (S-Jak'fi-lJIt) v.t [L. e and jaeulari.] 

To throw oat, as an exclamation ;—r.<. Tontter 

l^oolatiia, (^Jak-ft-la'shim) n. Uttering of a 

nortaidunation or prayer; the prayer uttered, 
tjiffnlsliii J , (♦•Jara-la-tor-e) a. Casting or throw- 

iB| ofat ;>-iittered in short sentenoee. 
%<l, (e-jekt^ V. (. [L. ^Heere.) To throw oat; 

—to disolmge, aa ezorament ; — ^to dismiss with 

diiTve ; to banish;— to dispoasess of land or 

^tstim, (8-|ek'shan) n. The aet of easting out; 
opaUoa ;— djimieaion fh>m oflloe ;— dispoeses- 
aoi «f land, Ae. :'-di8ohaxge of excrement. 
^MtBSBit, (e-Jektrment) n. Bxpohdon; dispos- 
•wion :— « species of mixed action which lies for 
^ neovery of posaession of real property. 
lb, (ft) V. t. (A. -8. eaean.) To Increase:— to 
■dd or saj^ly what is deficient or scan^; to 


(8k) ttdf. [Derfrsd'fyom the preceding 
Teri».] IB addition; alio; likewlae. 

Bshwats, (e-lab^or4it) v, t. [L. « and laborare.} 
To produce with laboor;>-to perfect with pains- 
ttiog ; to impawre and hei|^ten by saoceasiTe 


wbonts, (^kb'or-At) a. Wrought with laboar; 
«x«Qtsd with exaotnen ; highly finished. 

SItbantdy, (S-htb'or-at-le) adv. With great 

JJboar or study. 

Ihbsittistt, (^lab-or-ft'shtm) n. Act or prooeas 
ofprodadng with laboor; — ^the natural proosss 
of tenation or assimilation perfonned oy the 

^Tiflf cfguM in animala and Tegetables. 

flails, (C-iik'in) n. [O. eiaia, olive tree, efaton, 

^v»«{L] The liquid principle of tdls and fhte. 

fliBMeiEuid) n. A species of clumsy antel<^ 

B^ (f-iape^e.i. *(li. e, out, and labL] To 
*iidfl, ilip, or ^de by ; to pass away silently, aa 

B>«s,(«.]ast'ik)<c. iO. etannein.] Springing 
lack; having the umpeitj of recorering ita for- 
BMr fipure or eonoition after being depressed or 

wiiUy, (e-laa-tis'e-te) n. Quality of being 
*^aitie; springlnees; rebound ;— power cf re- 
^nm to, or recovery £ram, depression or 

m. (i-IitO a. Lifted np; elevated by sacoen; 
Jpubsd or exalted with confidence. 
Bits, («-)&tr) e. f . [L, iffirrt, eiaiun.] To raise; 
to mMen >— to exalt the spirit of; to derate 
« ihuh with sooesai ; to puff np^ 

'(e-lft'shon) n. Inflation or elevation of 
mind ; vanity or pride resulting from suooees. 
Slbow, (ellw) n. [A.-H. elboga.] Tho joint con- 
necting the arm and forearm;— eny flexure or 
angle, espeoaUy if obtuse, as of a wall, and the 

Elbow, (el'bo) v. t. To push with the elbow ;— 
V. i. To Jut into an an^e; to project;— to piuh 
rudely along; to jostle. 

SUww^rooB, (el'bS-rddm) n. Room to extend 
the elbows on each aide ; room for motion or 

Bd, (dd) It. rA.-a aU, eaUL] Old age ;— old 
times; antiquity. 

Slder, (eld'cr)o. [A.-8. Mlder.] Older; more 
advanced in age; senior: prior, as in origin. 
Elder, (eld'er) n» One who i<i older ; a senior ;— 
an ancestor ;— one who is appointed to office on 
account of his age and presumable experience 
and wisdom;— presbyter;— « layman associated 
with the minister in the government and dis- 
dpline of the church. 

Slaer, (eld'er) n. [A.-S. ellam.] A genus of 
plante having broad nmbela of white flowers 
and dark-red berries. 

Slderiy, (eld'er-le) a. Bomewhat old ; bordering 
on old age. 

Eldership, (eld'erndiip) «. State of bdne older ; 
— ofllce of an elder ; order or body of euwrs. 
Eldest, (dd'est) a. [A.-a taldut.] Oldest; 
most advanced in age. 

Sleet, (S-lektO v.t, [h. eliffen.) To pick out; 
to cfaooee fhim ;— to amoint to office by vote ; — 
to make choice of, aa the subjects of divine grace; 
—to decide in fieivonr of; to prefer ; to select. 
Elect, (e-lektO a. Chosen ; taken by preference ; 
—set apart for eternal lift ;— chosen, but not 
invested with offioa 

Sleet, (§-lektO n. One choeen or set apart ;—;>{. 
Thoee who are choeen or separated for salvation. 
Election, (S-lek'shun) n. (L. e/«e(to.] Act of 
choosing ; dM>ice ;— the act of choosing to offloe 
or employment;— power of sdecting: preference; 
—discriminating choice ;— divine choice; pre- 
determination of God with regard to the sub- 
jecte of his -grace ;— thoee who are choeen ; — 
public choice of representatives ;— time or day 
of decting. 

Blectionear, (6-Iek-shnn-€rO v. i. To make inter- 
est, or use arts for the dection of a candidate. 
Sleetioneering, (S-lek-shun-ir'ing) n. The arts 
used for securing the choice of a penon to office. 
Sleotive, <S>lekt'iv) a. Exerting the power of 
choice ;-^ependent on choice. 
Elector, (e-lekt'er) n. One who elects or has the 
right to vote in favour of a candidate for office. 
Sleoteral, (S-lekt'fir-al) a. Pertaining to electors 
01 election. [tridty. 

Sleetrie, (e-lek'trih) n. A non-conductor of elec- 
Blecteioal, (e-ldc'trik-al) a. Pertaining to deo- 
tridty;— occadoned by, or derived from, dec 
tridlnr;— oontdning electricity. 
Sleotricallj, (e-lek'trik-al-le) adv. In the man- 
ner of eleetridty, or by meana of it. 
Sleotridan, (e-lek-tridi'e-an) n. One versed in 
the sdence of dectridty. 

Eleetridty, (e-lek-txis'e-te) n. [Q. elektron.] A 
subtle agent or power in nature, evolved in any 
disturbance of molecular equilibrium, whether 
from a chemical, ph^cal, or mechanical cause, 
and exhibiting itself in a variety of ways ;— the 
sdoioe which nnfolda the phenomena and lawa 




irrTgA^B TffA^. 

Eleetriilable, (S-lek'tre-f i-a-bl) a. Capable of r»- 
oeiving electridty, or of being charged with it 

Electrify, (S-lek'tre-f!) v.t. [L. tleeirum and 
ffietre.] To charge with eleetricitjr ;— to give an 
electric shock to ;— to ezdte suddenly ; to give a 
sudden shock, as of surprise, admiration, de- 
light, Ac. 

Eleotro-bioloflry, (e-lek'trG-bi-oro-Je) n. [G. 
eUktron^ amoar, and Eng. biology. '\ That phase 
of mesmerism in which the actions, feelings, Aa, 
of a mesmerized person are supposed to be con- 
trolled by the will of the operator ; — ^the science 
of the electrical correnta developed in living 

EleotroHjheiaistry, (e-Iek'tro-kem'is-tre) n. 
That sdencb whioh treats of the agenpy of elec- 
tricity in effecting chemical changes. 

Eleetro-filding, (e-lek'trG-gild'ins) n. The pro- 
cess of gilding copper. Ac, by voltaic electricity. 

Meotrolonr, (8-lek-trel'o-Je)n. [Q. elektron and 
logos.] That science which treats of the pheno- 
mena of electricity and its properties. 

Sleotrolysis, (e-lek-troro-sis) n. [Q. cleMroii and 
lutU.] The act or process of chemical decom- 
position by electricitv. 

Sleotro-magnetiam, (S-lek'trO-mag'net-izm) n. 
That science which treats of the development of 
magnetism by voltaic electricity. 

Electrometer, (e-lek-trom'e-t{r) n. [G. eUktron 
and fMtron.] An instrument for measuring the 
quantity or intensity of electricity. 

Electromotor, <e-lek-trom'o-tor) n. An instm- 
ment for generating a ouirent of electricity. 

Electro-plaiinf, (e-lek'tro-plat'ing) n. The pro- 
cess of silvering, as plate, spoons, Ac, by voltaio 

Eleotrot7P«f (fi-lek'trO-tTp) n. [G. electron and 
tupot.] A copy or stereotype taken by eleotro- 

Eleotroty^, (i-lek'tr&-tip) v.t To stereotype or 
take copies of by electrotypy. 

Eleotrotypy. (d-lek'tro-tip-e) n. The pooess of 
copying medals, engraving^, Ac , by electric de- 

Electaary, (Mekta-ar-e) n. [G. ekleickein.] A 
medicine composed of powders made up into a 

Eleemosynary, (el-S-mos'in-ar-e) a. [G. eUos.] 
BeUting to charity ;— giren in or founded by 
charity;— eupported by charity. 

Eleemosynary, (el-6-mosi'in-«T-e) n. One who 
Bubdats on charity. 

Elegance, (el'A-gans) n. State or quality of being 
elegant: beauty characterised by grace, pro- 
priety, delicacy, and refinement. 

Elegaat, (el'S-gant) a. [L. eligere.] Polished; 
refined ;— graceful, as manners ;— neat ; pure, as 
style;— uttered with ease, and grace, as speech: 
— eliapely; qrmmetrical, as a stracture;— nice; 
delicate, aa taste ;— ooeUy and decorated, as fhr- 
nitnre ; — beautiftal ; handsome. 

Elegantly, (el'6-gant-le) adv. In an elegant man- 
ner ; with elegance. 

Elegiao, (el-S'je-ak) a. Belonging to elegy or 
written in elegiacs ;— used in elites. 

Elegiao, (el-e'Je-ak) n. Blegiao verse. 

Elegy, (er&-Je) n. [G. elegoM.] A mouinfiil or 
plaintive poem : a ftmereal song. 

Elemrat, (el'e-ment) n. [L. elementumJ] The 
fint or constituent part of ; — ^the minutest part 
of : an atom ; an ingredient ;— the matter or 
Bubstanoe which composes the world ;— sphoe ; 
suitable position ;— moving csose or ptyiaiple; 

—A part of a system ;-Hik point to be taken into 
account ; an important part in a case ;— a sum 
or item in a calculation ;— -pt. The simidest or 
fundamental pcindpleB in philosophy, sdenoe, 
or art : rudiments ;--the brawl and wine used 
in the euohazist. 

Elemental, <ei-^menf al) a. Pertaining to fint 
prindples; rudimentary. 

Slemeatally, (d-6-ment'al-le) adv. According to 
elements; literally. 

Bementazy, (el-e-ment'ar-e) a. Primary; simple: 
—having <mly one oonstitumt part; — ^treating of 
first prindples ; rudimentaiy ; introduotoiy. 

Elephant, (el'£-&nt> n. (L. elephantut, O. eU- 
pfuu.] A quadruped of the tribe of paohydanns, 
of two living spedes, characterised by a pro- 
boscis and two large ivox^ tuaka. They are the 
largest quadrupeds eziating ;— the toak of the 
elephant; ivory. 

Elephantine, (el-e-fim'tin) a. Pertaining to, or 
resembling the elephant ; huge ; unwieldy. 

Elevate, (eri-vHt) v. i. [L. eUvare.) To llfl up ; 
to set on a higher level ; — to raise to a higher 
rank or station; — to animate or cheer; — ^to 
refine or purify ;~to elate ;— -to. increase the 
volume. • 

Elevation, (el-e-v&'shun> n. Act of raising from 
a lower pmoe to a higher ;— condition of being 
lifted or elevated i—va elevated pteoe ; rising 
ground ; hill ;— an elevated station ; dignity : 
pre-eminenoe ;— altitude of a heavenly body. 

Elevator, (el'&-vit-«r) n. One who, or that which, 
elevates ;—a meohanical contrivance for lifting 
grain, dec., to an upper floor ;— « muaole; part 
of the body. 

Eleven, (i-lev'n) n. [Go. aifdif.] Ten and one 
added ;— a aymbol r^resenting eleven units, as 

Eleventh, (e-lev'nth) a. Constituting one of 
elevmi j^iarts into whioh''a thing is divided. 

Elf, (elf)n. [A.-S. el/.} A wandering spirit ; a 
hobgoblin ; a diminutive fiiixy. 

Elfin, (elfin) n. A little elf or urchin. 

Elfish, (elfish) a. Elf-like; miaohievoua. 

Elidt, (e-Us'it) v. t. [L. elieere.] To draw out ; 
to bring to light ; to deduce ;— to extoit. 

Elide, (e-UdO v. t (L. Midert.] lb cut off or 
suppress, as a syllable. 

BigiUUty. (el-e-Je-bU'e-te)n. Capability of being 
elected ; lenl qualification ;-<-worthiness or fit- 
ness to be chosen. 

Eligihle, <el'e-Je-bl) a. Legally qualified to be 
chosen :— worthy to be obooen ; desirable ; pre- 

SligiUy, (d'e-je-ble) adv. In an eligtble manner; 

Taiminate, (&-Iim'in-at) v.t^ {L. eliminare.'] To 
put out of doors ;>-to set adde as unimportant : 
to leave out of oonsideration ; — to obtain by 
separating ; to deduce ; to infer. 

Elimination, (Mim-in-ft'shun) n. The act of ex- 
pelling or throwing off ;— deduction. 

sliaioa, (6-lizh'nn) n. [L. clitto.] The cutting 
off of a vowel or syllable, especially at the end 
of a word. 

Elite, (e-lef) fi. [F.] A choice or select body; 
the beet in sodety. 

ELbdr, (fi-liks'fir) n. [A. eUikHr, the philoKH 
pher's stone.] A compound tincture ; — refined 
spirit or quintessence }— any cordial or mb- 
stanoe whicn invigorates. 

Eliiahethtn, (e-)i^beth-an) a. FeKtaining to 
Queen Elizabeth or her tiniflB. 

. [A.-&. tltk-i A qudn^pMI of tha 

L..iM] A B«mn5 
af jiiftn mt imgUH in ¥ 

■Ml ohMf Cot dotb. <^ 

ad frcm tliB Hotlon of ft 

ilwibe. ffi J n^lottooi V V 
raultlixiiii. ^ —. 

Bli|(iMl, (al-Hp'tik-ftl) n. IG. IlMpliitoi.. 
*>uiDI lo or tHtHng th« fono of no ellipH ;~- 

EUftitBUT, (•l-Up'tik'ai-la) siJi. ' Aoxndiiw to 
<te turn (f u aQlEK ^with ■ pvt DmltM. 

BlqM^, (tl-Up-lirs-te) iL Dnlitioitfram Uh 
tag of ■ droit or qdun. 

b.(dll4>L [A.-& iIk, U uliiHU.] Aliwaf 
lbi|«nufniiu.Df whloh "i-**— " tptdenn 
tetrUad, If vhioh HU *» wUro. It&»ltuilf 
»>l nfUlr poiiliu Uh, and i> ptiisd lor Ita 

llwHw. (tl-^kil'illDii) H. [L. dofui.] Pr}- 

Tliiiilli«Mj, (■L-d-kfl'ihim-u4) 0. Putainlng 

H i iH iiii l , (al-^kVAoD-lM) n. Ona wba !• 
J"M li ttaaatioa ; ■ Uaotaar of alcoaUon. 
£*til^(S-tDi«'(it)a. Di««D ootnHangUi. 
■■nli, (*-lan/tkt) ».(. [U limvarc.] To 
J^^kB; toaztandi taitiatsh oat:— (,i. To 
J^vt bma; toncda. 
'^VOat, (Uaiig-cVihDD|ji. Aot of lanflh- 

i^iuoaof ■ pluwt ftnu Ito nn. 
■w(*-l9lOir-{. [A.-S.W«l/™,totap.l To 
fu mr « amapa pniattlr. 
"VJ^ (Uai^Bnt) fl. Frinto or anlkeiuad 


a)n. 1 

I 'CtiaTi 

■ and propriotj of * 
iDation of d«bT0T7 ; Tlrld a 


It (•f&'kirtnt) a. [L. ifaiTm 


(aro-kwaiit-li) lufK 

i> 0. * ;>m. [A.S. ilUt, othuwin] 

(o-liihVura) «. IL. jKiy.iuM.] In 
mythology, a dwcllinB plaoi uiixned 
ufip^ looli aflor dflatJi; any deUgLtTulitLoa. 
aalata. (i-ma'iba-al) v. i. [L. cmciiirr.j To 
« flaah gnduaUy: to woitt away Id fleah; — 
t To oaoaa to loia Boah gradoaJly. 

1, (S-mft4t»-tl'ghnii) n. Condition of 

b4ni') t.l. IP. rmbninur.) To 

"' tiody by ■romaUc t>lla or iploBa : 

in gnCafol romantbranoe. 

iDi-baogk') r. t. lS,i aiid OiiilL-.] Tu 

Ut a bauk ; to dafeod wilJi muundi or 

i, fam'bangk'ment) k- AcL of i 


iiii) V. f. [£ii lud bur^i.] Tu | 

(o enga^ In any Inuinva^ to I 

nn-birk^'«bnn)'n. Act of pnl- 

n bDardotaTtaael;that Kbidi it | 

-bir'».)H. [F. osiniTOHn-.I lu I 




hindar : to rendar intricate ;— 4o encumber with 
debt ; entangle ; diaoonoart 

Smbarranmeat, (em-bAi'aa-ment) n. A atate of 
liexplexLty, entanglement, or ooofUaion;— men- 
tal doubt or difficulty. 

&nbaa«7, (em'ba»«) n. [F. amboimde.) The 
public function of an anbaaiador ; —the person 
or penona aent aa arnbaaaaiilriiit ;~the dweUing 
or office of an ambaaHuior. 

BmbatUe, (em-batl) v. t To ananse in Ofdar of 
battle : to ann for battle ; to ftunuh with bat- 

Xmbattlement, (em-batl-ment) n. An indented 
parapet, used in deoorative aradteoture. 

Embay, (em-b&O v. (. To indoae in a baj or inlet; 
to hmdlouk. 

Bmbedf (em-bedO r. t. To lay, aa in a bed ; to 
bed in the aoiL 

Embedment, (em-bed'ment) n. The act of em- 
bedding: atate of being embedded. 

EmbeUiih, (em-bel'iah) v.L [R tMbeUir.] To 
make beautiful or elegant by omamenta ; dec- 
orate ; enrich ; grace ; iUnstmte. . 

SmbeUiahment, (em-bellah-ment) n. The aet of 
embelliahing ; that which adda beauty or ele- 
gance; ornament; decoration. 

Ember, (emlisr) n. [A.-S. ttmyrie.] A lighted 
coal amonldering amid aahee->uaed chieflv in 
the plural to signify mingled ooala and auiea ; 
cindera. Smber-dayi, certain days aet apart for 
foBtlng and prayer in each of tlie four aeaaona of 
the year. 

Embanle, (em-befl) v. t [Norm. F. tmbeatiler.] 
To appropriate fraudulently, aa that intniated 
to one 8 care. 

Embeidement, (em-bosl-ment) n. Froudnlent 
appropriation of what is intrusted to one's cars. 

Emblazon, (em-bla'sn) i*. (. To deck in Rlariog 
ooloun; ;— to adorn with flguraa of heraldury. 

Emblazenry, (em-bla'xn-re) n. Heraldic or oma- 
meutal decoration. 

Emblem, (omlilem) n. [O. emblima.] An object 
or the figure of an object, symboUjdng and 
suggesting some other object, quality, or the 
like ; type ; sign ; aymboL 

Emblematiotd, (em-blem-at'ik-al) d. Pertaining 
to, or comprising, an emblem ; using eroblema. 

BmMematinaHy, (em-blem-at^ik-al-le) adv. By 
way or meana of emblema. 

Embodiment, (om-bod'e-ment) n. Act of em- 
bodying ; atate of being embodied : — a com- 
plete aystem ; IhU ezpresaiou of an idea or plan. 

fimbodr, (em-bod'e) v. (. To form into a body ; 
to make corporeal ;— to ooUeot into a whole ; to 

Embogue, (em-bogO v.i. To discharge, aa a 
river, its waters into the sea or into another 

Smboldan, (em-b51d'n) v. e. To give boldnees or 
courage to; to encourage. 

EmbonDoint, (ong'bonff-pwang) n. [P.^en bon 
jwi nt.j Plumpness of person ; a dogne of Btout> 
neaa (bonier. 

Emborder, (em-bor'der) v.t To adorn with a 

Embeaa, (em-bos') v. t To cover with boaaes or 
protuberanoea ; to ornament in relied 

Twnbeaament, (em-boe'taent) n. Actofemboeaing, 
or atate of bcnng embossed ; raised work. 

Embottohnre, (ong-bod-ahooiO n. [F.] A month 
or opening, aa or a river, cannon« and the like. 

Embowel, (em-bow'el) v.t To remove the 
bowels of ;'to eviacerate ;— to hide in the Inward 

Bnbom, (am-bow'er) «.(. To cover with m 

bower ; to ahelter with traea. 
Embimoe, (em-brftO v.r. [F. enibnu$er.] To 

dasp or indoae in the anna; to preM to iho 

bosom ;— to cherish with aflSsction ,"— to aunonnd ; 

—to include ;— to aeixe eayariy ; to wekxirae ; — 

to have aexual interoonxae ^-«. i. To Join in 

an embrace. 
Embraee, (em-bribOn. Ckiaa cndidinvinth the 

arma ; preasure to the boaom : ehwp ; hug. 
Smbraaure, (em-brft'ihfir) n. [F. tnm tmbroMr. ] 

An opening in a wall or parapet through whidi 

cannon are pointed and disdMiged. 
Embrocate, (emOno-kilt) v. i. [O. ^mbncAKit.] 

To moiaten and rub, aa a diaaeaed part^ with a 

liouid, aa apirit, oil, Ae. 
EmVroMtion, ^em-hrS-kalahiin) a. Ant of molat- 

ening and ruobing a diaeaaed part ;-^the lotion 

with which an aflbetod part ia rubbed or washed. 
Embroider, (em-broid'cr) v. t. To border or oover 

with ornamental needle-work or flgntea. 
Anhroidny, (em-hroid'er^) «. Variegated 

needle-work ;—otnamflntal deoonition of any 

kind • 

Embroil, (em-brail') v. t [F. cmfrrotiUfer.] To 

throw into perplexity, oontentiao, or trouble ; 

eutanale ; distract ; diaorder. 
EmbratlmtBt, (em-broU'ment) n, A atate of con- 
tention, petvlezity, or oonftuion ; diatarbanca. 
Embryo, (eml>re^ n. (O. em and frrueiii.] The 

fizat rudimenta or an organiied animal or plant; 

—an indpient or ondoveloped ateta. 
Embiyo, (em'bio-d) a. Pertaining to any thing 

in ita llrat rudimenta or nndevdqped atate. 
EmandatiOB, (^meod^A'ahun) a. [L. cmciulaCial 

Act of altering for the better ; correction. 
Emendater, (9-mend'ftt-«r) n. One who amends 

by removing Ihulte or erroia. 
Emeadatny, (O-niend'a-tor^) a. Fiertainiag to 

Emerald, (cm'er-ald) a. [F. 4mtraude.] A pf«- 

ciooa stone of a rich green colour ;— a type in 

aixe between minion and nonpareiL 

(Emerald type.) 

Emerge, (e-m«ij^ «. i [li. e and mtrgtrt,] To 
riae out of a fluid : toapilng up;— to oome forth 
ftom obacuity; to teappear ^— to proceed ftom ; 

a u e » ie n ey. (<-m«iJ'an<ae) n. Act of xiaing out 
of a fluid; aodden upriaal or appearance ;— a 
audden occasion ;-~preaBing neoeasity : exigancy. 

Emergent, (^mcxj'ent) a. JUiaing oat of a fluid 
or any thing that ooveia or conoeala : iaraing : — 
calling fbr prompt aotlon; urgent: preaaing. 

Emeroida, (em'er-oida) «. pL (Oompled trata 
k€nwrrho%dA.\ Hemorrfaoida ; pilea. 

Emendon, (e-mcr'8han)tt. [L. enurgertJ] Actot 
liaing out of or coming forth ttaok any envelop- 
ing or over ahadowing anbatanoe or body. 

finery, (em'cr*«) ft. [O. tmvri*.\ Ocrandnm 
blended with oxide of iron, used in the arte for 
grinding and paUahing metala, haxd stonea, and 
glaaa. [to vomit.] Indudng vomit. 

fiaetie, («-metlk) a. (O. eme(U-et, ihxn tnein, 

Emetie, (ft-motTik) a. A medidne whkh oaoses 

Emeote, (e-mutO a. fF. fh>m Ii. eiMvtn, to atir 
up.] A aeditioua commotion or mob; a xioL 

Emignuit, (em'ei^rant) o. Pertaining to an ami- 
grant ;— removing fkom one country to another. 

ani^mat, (em'e-giant) n. One ytho qnita one 
countiy or region to aetUa in another. 




(amVsrSt) v.i, (L « and migrare.] 

To rmaom team oae oimiitEy or stale to another 

for tha parpoie of xwridOToa 
lBifnlMB,(em<»igxft'ihiiii)n. Remormlof inha> 

UUaU tram one oonntxy or itato to another tot 

ihfl paxpon of zeddenca. 
^mam^ (emVnene) «. BleTatkm .* height;— « 

nine groond : highest part ; nunmit ;— «n ele- 

ntod ilation aniongmen:raiik: oflldal dknlty; 

ftBM ; oeleMty ;— » title giren to oaidinala 
biiMt, (emVsMit) a. [L. mtMiu.] High: 

Mtj: towering ^— exalted in xank; diatingiiiahed: 

nnaritabje: oompkmoaa. 
ThiidU, (emVneaV>]e) adv. In an eminent 

Sair, (iTmir) n. fA. emir, amtr.] An Arabian 

fnaob : a title giTen in Toxkqr to the deaoen- 

toto of Mohammed (agent ; a apj. 

tiiM i r j, (amTa-ato-e) ii> [Ii. <i»i((ere.] Aaeerat 
Wiiiaijr, (em1»eAr<e) a. Bn>loring : spying. 
UaiaBtrs-miah'nn)!!. Act or sending or tluow- 

infoat; jsne;— «h»t whidii ia sent oat, or poi 

in ditolatioii at ono time, 
fawife, (d-mialT) a. Bending ont : emitting. 
Ut, (e-ai«7 9. 1. [L.eiiuf<ere,tosendoat,ftom 

t. out, sad mittert, to send.] To send ibrth ;— 

(•U fly ; to disenaige ;-~to iaroe fbrtii, aa an 

«tder er dsone ; to ettd into oinmUtion, ae 

MUi. [uzt or pismiie. 

anast, (am'et) «.' [A.-& ceme<, Ger. omeue.] An 
laiOiBts, (•^noTe-At) v. I. [L. cmofiira.] To 

KAea; to render eflhminatft 

oMDiait, («-mol'o-«nt) a. Softening; making 

wHsBt (9-more-ent) n. An external appUoa- 
tioQ to allajr irritation, aoreneai, awelling, and 

■ti fe^noKd-ment) n. (L, emolumn^ 
t'».] Pkoit arising tram ofllee or emploj- 
BKitt :-|{siii in genend : profit ; adrantage. 
'■"Hsu, (0-n4waii) n. [L. e and movtre, to 
iwve.) A moving of the mind or eool; a state 
^f adtsd ftellng ; agitation : trepidation; tr»- 
■w; pasrion. 

wnal, (S-md'ahon-al) o. Pertaining to emo- 
teQ; indicating eome aflbotion of tlie mind. 
^al«. (em-pll') V. (. [F. empaler.] To fence 
^ ttikfls; to ahat in ;— to pat to death by 

^■puoHBt, (em-polteeot) n, A fencing or 
ndoung with BtidMs:— a witting to death bj 
,grMtin g a stake into the body. 
™P«"f (•m'por-er) n. [P. empereur.] The 
tor«nigii of an empiro ; the highest title giTen 

y^»^ (em1fk«ia) a. [O. empkoMU.] Stnas 
vattenuweor of Toioe given to words or parte 
<* a diMmne ; foiee or meaning given by the 
^<>ttiuiQstion;— signifloanoe ofapartlealar ez- 
P'*>ioa:~wdght or valneof athoaght in a 
^^Boalsr connection. 

^iM i in , <em'lk4is) v. L Tk> ntter or pro* 
iMaet with a partioolar atrasB of voice. 
>>fkitis, (am-ftrik) a. Uttend with emnha- 
(■: foieible ; moraentona ;— etriking ; deoiaed ; 
OilwwriTe ; energetia 

^MaaOy, (em-flitlk-al'le) ado. Strongly; 
^<n^:-pQBKively: decidedly. 
'■VBs. (sm'pir) N, [Ia imptrium.) Imperial 
f'**r: doaniion : sovereign oommand ;— ooono 
U7 0T« which dominion ia extended ; king^ 
«<>"»; itata 

(fn*piklk) «. An sKperimentir ; 

who ralies upon experiment and obeervation ; 
— a quack doctor ; a charlatan. 

Sa^piric, (em-pirlk) a. [Q. empeirilcog.] Per- 
taining to, or founded upon, experiment or ex- 
perience ;— in a bad sense, depending upon per- 
eonal experienoe or observation alonei 

Sn^ixieaUy, (em-pir^ik^al-le) adv. By expert- 
ment or eaq;Mrienoe ^>in the manner Of quaoka. 

Smpiziciam, (sm-pir'eHdim) n. Method or prac- 
ties of an empirio ;— charlataniy ; qoackeiy. 

Hmghft (em-plqy7 v. t. (F. employer.) To keep 
in service ; to use ; to exendse ;— to use as an 
Instnunent means or materials ^— to use aa an 
agent, servant, or representative ; to engage ; 
to hire ;— to oocnpy : to devote to. 

Bavley, (em-ployQ n. Employment: basiness; 
oocaiMtion ^— paluic office : agency ; eervice. 

Smploye, (ong-ploy'ft) n. [F. pp. of emplofer.} 
One who is employed. [engages another. 

Smplejer, (em^idoy'fiT) n. One who employs or 

BrnplogroMBt, (em-pk^ment) a. The act of em- 
ploving or using; the state of being employed; 
—that which engagse; aervioe; agenogr; occupa- 

Xmpoiaott,(em-poi'zn)v. & [F. Aapouenncr.] To 
administer pdaon ; to taint with venom ; to 
embittmr ; to destroy. 

SmpeshnD, (em-jpO'rs-am) n. [O. emperion.) A 
nlaoe of extensive oommerM or trade ; a marl 

Sttpowar, (em-pow'cr) v. t. To give legal or 
moral power ; to authorise ;^to enable. 

Smpreaa, (em'pres) n. [Emperem.] The con- 
sort of an emperor ; — a woman who governs 
an empire. 

Smptineaa, femp'to-nes) n. Btato of being 
emjpty; voia space or vacuum; — want of so- 
lidity or substance ; vacaity;^>-want of know- 
ledge or sense. 

Smp^, (emp'to) a. [A.-S. emtiff.} Containing 
nothing; void; — nnfUmiahed, as a room;— 
wanting fbree or meaning, as words >— nnsnb- 
stantial; nnxeal. as dreams ;— hollow; unsntis- 
ftujtoiy, as worldly pleasnie ;— waste : desolate, 
as a country:— nungiy; — ignorant ; lacking 
ideas, said of the head : — without cargo ; in 
ballast, aa a ship. 

imptjt (emp'te) v. t. To exhaust : to deprive of 
the oontento ; to waste : to dssoUto :—v. i Ta 
pour or flow out ; to dischaige itaelf ;— to be- 
come empty. 

Xmp^fjiur, (emi/te-ing) k. ' Act of making empty; 
—pi. Emptyings, the lees of beer, dder, fto. 

Emp ur ple, (em-pur'pl) v. t. To tinge or dye of a 
purple colour. 

gi np yroal or Empyrean, (em-pir'&«]) a. Fbrmed 
of pure fire or light ; refined b^ond aSrial sub- 
stance ; heavenly ; ethereal. 

Empyrean, (em-pe-r6'an) u, [L., O. fmpttfot.1 
The highest heaven, where the purs element ox 
fire was supposed by the ancients to subaist, 

Emn, (e'ma) n, A bird of very latge sine, toand 
in Australia, related 
to the oaasowary and 
the ostricdi. 

Emulate, (em'u-lat) v.t. 
(L.amulut.] To strive 
to equal or excel in. 
quolitieeor actions; to: 
vie with ; to rival. 

Emnlation» (em-fi-la'- 
shnn ) n. Rivalry ; 
dedn'of snpeiiority, 
attended with eflRnt Ebo, 




to attain it ;--oompetition ; oontention ; oon- 
tost : strife. 

SmulatiTttt (Am'Q-l&t-ir) a. Inclined to emula- 
tion ; disposed to competition ; riraUing. 

•pjmniirw, (em'a-los) a. Ambitiously desirons of 

like excellence with another ; — en^iged in com- 
petition ; riyalling ;— fkotious ; contentious. 

Kmnloniily, (em'a-lus-le) adv. With desire of 
equiUling or excelling another. 

Emolnonf (fi-mul'shun) n. [L. emulffcre.] A soft, 
liquid remedy, resembUnar milk, prepaized ttom 
oily substances, as almonds. 

Emulaive, (e-mul'siy) a. Softening ;--'prodaoing 
a milk-like substance. 

Enable, (en-alil) v. (. [Sn and able.] To gire 
strength or ability to ;— to supply wi^ suffi- 
cient power, phy4cal, moral, or legal; to em- 

Kiaot, (en-akf) v. t. To decroe ; to make into a 
law ;— to perform ; to act the part of ; to play. 

SnaotiTe, (en-akt'iv) a. HaTing power to enact 
as a law. 

Enaetment* (en-akt'ment) n. The passing of a 
bill into a law ;— a decree ; a law. 

Ensilage, (en-alla-je) n. [G. enallagf.] A sub- 
stituuon of one gender, number, case, tense, 
or voice, for another. 

Enamel, (en-am'el) n. [P. email.] A substance 
of the nature of glass, but mors ftisible and 
nearly opaque; — ^that which is enamelled; — ^the 
smooth, nara substance which oorers a tooth. 

Enamel, (en-am'el) v. t. To inlay colours, as in 
gold or silver ;<— to paint in enamel ; — ^to form 
a glossy surface like enamel upon; — v.t. To 
practiie the art of enamelling. 

Kiamour, (en-am'{r) v.t. [F. en and amour.] 
To inflame with lore ; to charm ; to captivate. 

Ibieage, (en-lu^') v. U To shut up in a cage. 

Encamp, (en-kamp') v. i. To pitch tents as an 
army; to occupy as a temporaxy resting place ; 
— ^to pitch tents for a siege ; to besiege; — v. t. 
To form into a camp. 

Enoampment, fen-kamp'men^ n. Act of pitch- 
ing tents or forming huts tor temporary lodg- 
ing or rest ;— the place where an army or com- 
pany is encamped ; a camp. 

Sneaustio, (en-kawtf'tik) a. [G. epkaiein.] Per- 
taining to the art of burning in colours— ap- 
plied to a species of painting in wax Uquefled 
by heat ; also, to painting on glass, porcelain, 
earthenware, or any other style where coloun 
are fixed by heat. 

Enoanitio, (en-kaws'tik) n. The method of paint- 
ing in heated wax or in any way where heat is 
used to fix the coloun. 

SnoeiBta, (ang-«antO a. [F. pp. of eneeindrc] 
Pregnant ; with child. 

Enohain, (en-chtln') v. t. To chain ; to futen 
with a chain; — to restrain; — to connect; to 
link together. 

Enchainment, (en-chSn'ment) n. Act of enchain- 
ine, or state of being enchained. 

Enchant, (en-chanf) v.t. [L. ineantart.] To 
charm by aoroery; — to delight in a high de- 
gree : to fiudnate ; to bewitch. 

Kiohanter, (en-chant'cr) n. One who enchants ; 
a sorcerer or magician. 

Enchantment, (en-chanfmeot) n. Act of en- 
chanting; use of magic arts or charms; — Ir- 
resistible influence or delight ; ftaoination ; 

Eneh a nt resa, (en-chant'res) n. A woman who en* 
chants, aa by magic spells^ benty, and the like. 

Enobue, (en^chaa') v. t. [F. enehd»$er.] To in« 
case in a border or rim ;— to adorn with em- 
bossed or engraved woik. 

Snoirdle, (en-SQi'kl) v. t. To form a circle about : 
to embiaoe ; to go round ; inoloae. 

Enolitio, (en-klitlk) a. [O. effklitUoi.] Sub- 
Joined ; throwing the accent back on the foro* 

_going syllable. 

Kielitie, (en-klitTik) %. A woid subloined to 
another; a suffix ;— « particle which thn>w« tha 
accent or emphasis on the previous qrUabl^ 

Eneloae, (en-Uda^ v. f . To indoss. 

Enoloaure, (en-klds'ur) n. Indosuze. 

Bnoemiaat, (en-kd'me-ast) n. [O. e^rMmiiMe^Al 
One addicted to praise ; a pansgyxiit ; a eulo- 


loomiastfe, (en-k5-me-asfik) a. Bestowing 
praise; praising: eulogistic; laudatory. 

fiioomiua, (en-ko'me-um) n. [O. ^fk6mxon.] 
Formal pnuae; commendation: eulogy; pane- 

Sooompaaa, (en-knm^Ma) v.t. To describe a 
cirde about ; to surround ; inclose ; invest. 

Eneomnaaament, (en-knm'paa-ment) a. The 
act or sunounding, or the state of being sur- 

Snoore, (ang-kSr^ adr. [F.] Once more;— « 
call for a lepetition of a particolar part of a 
play, ftc. 

Kioore, (&ng-kOr^ v. t. To call fiir a repetition ef. 

Encounter, (en-koun'ter) n. [P. enconlre.l A 
meeting ; an unexpected meeting ;— accosting ; 
casual address ; — ^meettoc of hostUe troops ; en- 
gagement; oonJUct; — *«T^i**h «ii«wti—<rtn » trial 
of wits. 

Saoouatar, (en-kountcr) v.t. To meet face to 
face; to meet unexpectedly ; — ^to meet in a hoe- 
tile manner ; to rush against in oomfliot ; — to 
meet in debate or oontrDveny; — to meet with 
oppceition or difficulties; to oppcse; to op- 
pugn ; — V. t. To oonfh>nt; to conflict; to flgnt 
with ; to engage. 

EnooQimge, (en-kuz^) v. t. [En and couraffe.] 
To give courage to; to inspire with spirit or 
hope ; animate ; cheer ; stimulate ; countenance. 

Enoonrafemeat, (cn-kur'flj-ment) n. The act of 
giving courage or conildence; incentive ;— that 
wliieh aerves to support, promote, or advance. 

Enoouraginr, (en-lmz'flj-ing) a. Fumiahiiig 
ground to hope for anooess ; fkvouring. 

Kteeuraginyly, (en-kur'iy-ing-le) adv. In a man- 
ner to give courage or hope d aucceaa. 

EaorimMm, (en-kxim'an) v. t, Tb give a crimson 
colour or hue. 

S^erinite, (enluin-it) n. [G. en and itrinon.] A 
foessil animal of the star-fish fiunlly. 

Eaoroaoh, <en-kri5oh0 v. i. [F. (uaroeher.] To 
pasa the bounds; to trespass ;— to invade the 
rights and pnasassiona of another ; infringe. 

Eaeroadhmrat, (en-kr5ch'ment) n. Act of en- 
tering gradually on the rights or pcsaessiona 
of another;^thatwhichis taken byenooaohing. 

Sbaeumber, (en-kumlier) v. t. [F. eneombnr,] To 
load; to burden; — to impede the motion or ac- 
tion of, aa with a buidan;— to load vrith debts 
or other legal daims. 

Eaemnhranoe, (en-kum'brans) n. A burden ; a 
load ;-H>log ; impediment ; — that whidx euenm- 
bexa an estate, as a debt or legal daim. 

Saeydieal, (en-aiklik'al) a. [O. en and kukto*.] 
Sent to many persons or places ; oinmlar. 

Saqyelopedia, (en-al-kl5-ped»«) n. (Q. epknt- 
Uoi.} A geoanl ^jitun of leaniiAg or know> 




■Jii.iL-i ,•:<. 

ladf»; a work in which the Tsrioiu tanmehea of 
■cimnwi or art we diaooated aepanKtelj, and lua- 
ally in alphabetical order. 

Sacydapedie, (en-ai-klo-p«d'ik) a. Pertaining 
to an encToIoiiedia ; univenal in knowledge. 

Iftacyalopcdiit, (en-el-klo-pfid'iet) n. The com> 

_pi]cr Off an encyclopedia. 

bqjstod, (en-eiet'ed) a. [Prefix en and cytt.] 
Ineloaed in a cjret, beg, bladder, or reeide. 

^d, (and) n. [A.-S. ende.) The extrsmlty of a 
linOp tfanad, or other body extended length- 
wiae: — (he laat nart in general ; termination of 
an action ; oonoiiuion of a book or chapter ; — 
final detennination ; iasue of debate or deliber- 
ation ;— doee of life; death : fkte ; ocwation in 
time; period : — oonaequence ; iame ; reanlt : — 
thing aumed at ; intention ; deaign ;~fhigment; 

(and) V. t To bring to an end or condn- 
akm ; — to deitroy; to put to death i—v. i. To 
be flni^hM : to come to a oloae; to oeaae : to 


', (en-dan^fir) «. t. To pnt to haaard ; 
B to kM8 or iojwrr ; to peril. 
, (en-d&O V. (. To nuJce dear or more 

(en-dir'ment) n. That which ex- 
dtea tandor affection ;-<atate of being loved; 
(bod regaitl. 

Pndiynnrr. (en-deVcr) n. [F. en devoir.] An 
attempt or trial : eflbrt ; exertion : eany. 
FiHdoaMWii, (en-dcT'sr) v.i. To exert phyaioal 
•trength or intellectoal power for the aooom- 
pUahment of an ol^eot ;— i^. (. To attempt to 
Bin : to try: atriTC ; itroggle: eauy; aim. 
ffiiilw arnn, (en-dek'a-gon) n. [Q. en, deta, and 
fSmia-} A plane figore of elcTen aidea and 

(en-demlk) a. [Q. en, In, and dimoef 
the people.! Pecoliar to a pecmle or nation. 
Ihding-. (eno'ing) %. Tennination; reealt; coo- 
dnaion; — the terminating ayUaUe or letter of 
a word. 

hiiia, (en'diT) a. rF] A apedea of the genua 
CiekaTiwn or aaocozy— need aa a aalad. 
fiiUlfiaa, (endlea) a. Withoat end ; hairing no 
coDcliulon ; — perpetually reoorring ; eyerlast- 
inoeaaant; nnintenrupted; oontinnal. 

(endlea-Ie) adv. In an endleaa man- 
continually; perpetoally. 
(endlee-nea) n. The atate of being 

A plant which in- 

(en'd5-Jen) a. 
in aiae by internal 
growtli and elongation at 
the soBunit, inatead of ex- 
tenially, aa the raton, tiie 

e. "(O. endion and gig- 
luttkai.] Inoraaaing by in- 
ternal growth and ekmga- 
Uon at the aommit 

(en-donO v. t. To 

r, (eU'dow^ v. t, (Norm. F. emdouer.] To 
make pecuniary pioTlaion for ; to ftimiah with 
dower: to aattie on, aa an hoapital, Ac. ;--to 
earkh with any gift, quality, or ttealty: to 

BadowaaBt, (en-dow'ment) n. The act of aettl- 
inga flmd. or permanent proTiaion for the aop- 
poi I cf;— property, ftmd, or roTenoa penna]»- 

ently appropriated to any object; — gift of 
uatore ; talenta ; natural capacity. 

EndnraUe, (en-dfu'a-bl) a. Capable of being 
endured or home ; tolerable. 

Eadorahlenaaa, (en-dOr'a-bl-nea) tu State ot be- 
ing endurable ; tolerableneaa 

Saditrahly, (en-dflr'a-ble) adv. In an endurable 

Xadoianoe, (en-dOr'ans) m. A state of lasting or 
duration ; continuance :— act of bearing pain or 
distreas without sinking; patience ; fortitude. 

Bndure, (en-durO v. t. [L. in and ditrare.] To 
remain firm under; to sustain ; to brook ; to 
undergo;— to bear with patience; to bear up 
under; — v.i. To continue in the same state; 
to abide; to last ;— to remain firm under trial ; 
to sustain sufTering with self-command. 

Snduringly, (en-diir'ing-le) adv. Lastingly; un- 

Sndwiae, (end'wis) adv. On the end ; erectly ; 
— ^with the end forward. 

Snema, (e-n6^a) n. [O. eniimi.] An iujec- 
tion or clyster thrown into the rectum. 

Baemy, (en'9-me) n. [F. enntmi.] A foe ; an 
adyenary ; one who hatea or dialikee ; — ^the op- 
posing army ;— Satan. 

Eaargetlo, (en-er-jet<ik) a. Exerting foroe ; oper- 
atiye; acttye; — exhibiting energy: powerftil; 
yigoroua ; effeotiye. [ergetic manner. 

Snergetioally, (en-f r-Jet'ik-al-le) adv. In an en- 

BneiviM, (en'cr-Jlz) v. i. To act with force or 
yigonr ; — v. t. To giye atrength or force to. 

^"tTt (enV-J«) n> [C^* «n toid ergon.] Inter- 
nal or inherent power ; — ^power exerted ; effec- 
tual operation; efficacy;— strength of expreaaion; 
emphada ;— capadty for performing work ; ylg- 
our ; strength ; spirit ; omdency. 

Snerrate, (<S-nfir'yftt) a. Weeikened; without 
strength or force. 

Snerrate, (S-ner'yftt) v.t. (L. enervare.] To 
depriye of nerve, strength, or oourage ; — ^to eu- 
leeble; debilitate. 

Enerratioo, (en-fr-y&'shun) n. Act of weaken- 
ing ;— state of being weakened ; effeminacy. 

Sttzeable, (en-fVbl) v. t. To render feeble ; to de- 
priye of strength ; to reduce the foroe of. 

StfeaUmant, (en-131>l-ment) n. Enervation : 

Enfeoff (en-ftf) v.t. [L. infeoffare.] To give 
a feud to; to invest with a fee. 

Enfeofbaeat, (en-f)lfment) n. The art of giving 
the fee-simple of an estate;— the deed which 
oonvevB the fee. 

Enfllade, (en-fe-iadO n. [F., L. fllum.] A line 
or atrai^t passage .'— narrow line, as of troops 

Enfilade, (en-fo-lSdO v. t. [From the noun.] To 
rake witn shot through the whole length of, 
aa a work or line of troops. 

Eaforoe, («n-f&rO v- 1. [En and force.] To give 
strength to ; to invigorate ; — to instigate : to 
animate; — ^to compel ; to constrain ;— to pnt in 
force; to give effect to, aa laws;— to impress 
on the mind ; to evince. 

Snforoement, (en-fSra^ent) n. Act of enfordng; 
compulsion ; restraint ; — sanction ; — putting 
into execution, as laws or penalties. 

Bafraadhiae, (en-ftran'chia) v.t. [F. en and 
franeke.] Xo set free ;— to make trte of a dty, 
corporation, or state. 

Ensaaehiaemeat, (en-ftan'chiz-ment) n. Act of 
releasing from slavery or custody; — ^admiasion 
to the freedom of a corporation or state. 



I, (en-«i^') V. t. [F. en and po^.] To 
make liable for a debt: to pledge:— to win 
over, aa adherents : to attach :— to fix, aa the 
attention ;— to bespeak the service of : — ^to em- 
bark in an affair:— to bind by contract or pro- 
mise : — to meet in contest ; to enoouuter :—9. i. 
To become bound ; to warrant ; — ^to embark : 
to taJce a port ;— to enter,into conflict 

Sngaged, (en-i^d') a. Fledged; promised in 
marriage : betrothed :— interested ; attached. 

^gagement, ^en-gi\j'ment ) n. Act of ensag- 
lug :— state of being engaged ;— obligation by 
contract ;— adherence to a cause or party :— em- 
i>loyment of one's time; occupation;^ fight; 
battle ;— agreement to marry. 

Engagingly, (en-gi^'ing-lo) adv. In a manner 
to win or attract. 

Sngender, (en-jen'dcr) v.t. [F. tngendrer.] To 
form in embryo; to procreate; — to produce; 
to sow the seeds of ;— v.i. To be caused or pro- 

SnginAf (en'Jin) n. [L. ingeniutn.] An instm- 
ment or tool in general ; — any mechanical con- 
trivance for producing and oonveyisg motive 
power; — specifically, the mechaniml apparatus 
Dy which steam power is conceutrated and con- 
veyed ;— a military missile machine ;— an insun- 
ment of torture ; the nude ;— o species of pump 
to play water upon a fire ; — any means used to 
effect or compass an ol^ject ;— «a agent for an- 

Sngiaeer, (en-Jin-er^ «l A constructor of en- 
gines ;— one who manages a steam engine ; — a 
person skilled in the principles and practice of 
engineering, either civil or military. 

Zngineering, (en-jiu-er'ing) n. The business 
of an engineer ; — the art of constructing ma- 
chines and other mechanical contrivances; espe- 
cially, the art of constructing defensive aiid 
offensive works — called wiUtarp enginterinp: 
or of constructing roads, bridges, canals, drain- 
age^ dsc , civil entnneering. [to encompass. 

Engird, (en-gsrd') v. U To encircle; to surround ; 

English, (incpglish) a. [From i'ngU.] Belong- 
ing to England, or to its inhabitants, or to the 
language spoken by them. 

English, (Ing'glisb) n. The people of England; 
— ^tho language of England. 

SngraiB, (en-grOnO v. t. To dye in grain, or in 
the raw material :-~to dye deep. 

Engrave, (en-grflvO v. t. To carve flguiet, let- 
ters, or devices upon;— to form or represent 
by means of incisions upon wood, stone, metal, 
or the like ;— to Impress deeply; to infix. 

Ettgnver, (en-grav'er) n. One who engraves. 

Engraving, (en-gr&v'ing) n . Act or art of cutting 
metals, wood, Ac., and representing thereon 
figures, characters, and devices;— an engraved 
plate :— an impression from an engraved plate , 
a print. 

Engroas, (en-gros^ v.t. To enlarge ;->-to copy 
in a largo, &ir hand ; — to occupy wholly ; to 
absorb ; — ^to take in undue quantity or degree. 

Engrossing, (en-gros'ing) n. The copying of a 
writing in round legible characters. 

Sngrosament, (en-gros'm«nt) «t. Act of engross- 
ing ; — that which has been engrossed. 

Sn^olf, (en-gulf) r. t. To absorb or swallow up, 
as in a gulC 

Enhance, (en-bans') v.t. [Nmrm. F. fnhavn- 
cfr.] To raise to a higher point ; to advance 
Hi value or worth ; — ^to increase ; to aggravate ; 

,^^.u TobeiiUsedttp;togrDwlaiBei', 

it, (en-hans'ment) n. Act of incrsM* 
ing or state of being increased ; aggravation. 

Enigma, (d-nig'ma) n. [L. anigma,] An ob- 
scure question or saying ; a puxsle ; a riddle : — 
an action which can not be satia&ctorily ex- 

Biigmatiflal, (e-nig-maf ik-«l) a. Belating to, 
or resembling an enigma : obscure ; ambiguoua. 

Enigmatieally, (d-nig-matik-al-le) adv. In an 
obscure manner. 

Enigmatiat, (d-nig'mat-ist) n. .One who makes 
or talks in enigmas. 

Eqjein, (en-Join') v. t. [F. e^^oindre.} To pat 
an injunction on ; to direct with authority ; to 

Enjex, (en-ioyO v.t. [F. a» and jme.] To foel 
or perMive with pJeaeuro;— to have, possess, and 
use with satisfaction ; — to obtain possession of. 

B^jeyaUe, (en-JoyVbl) a, Oipable uf being en- 


SmoyaMnt, (en-Joy'meat) n. Condition of en- 
joying: pleasure; — cause of joy or gratifica- 
tion; Iniition: happineas; ideasure. 

Enkindle, (en-kin'dl) v.t To set on fire ; to in- 
fiame ;— to excite ; to rouse into action. 

Enlarge, (en-laxj') v. t. [F. tnlarger.] To make 
larger;— to incrmse ; to dilate,'— to expand ; to 
amplify ;— to set firee ; to release ; — v. i. To 
grow lo^ or larger; to expaud;'»to be dif- 
fuse : to expatiate. 

Enlar^ementi (en-Uij'ment) n. Act of increas- 
ing in aiae 9r bulk ; state of being iuonaased : 
—expansion or extension ; — lekaae Arom oon- 
finement, Ac. ; — diflhaiveness of speech or 

Enlighten, (en-liVn) v.t. (A.-a. mlihttin.] To 
supply with light ; to illuminate ; — to make 
clear to the intellect or conscience; to instruct. 

EnlightBBBient, (en-lit'n-ment) n. Act of en- 
lightening, or the state of being enlightened. 

Enlist, (en-liff) v. f . To enter on a list : to en- 
rol ;— to engage in public service, as soldier* : 
— ^to unite firmly to a cause ; — r. t. To engage 
in public service by enrolling one's same ; — to 
enter heartllv into a oausei 

Enlistaeat, (en-Uat'ment) tu Act of enlisting 
or state of being enlisted; — the writing by 
which a soldier is bound. 

EaUven, (en-liv'n) v. t. To give spirit or viva* 
city to ; to exhilaimte : inspirit ; invigorate. 

Enai^, (en'hie-te) n. [F. tuamme.] The qual> 
ity oz being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly 
dfipoaition ;— a state of opposition:— hatred ; 

Ennoble, (en-ndl>l) v. t. To make noble: to dig- 
nity ;— to give titular rank to; exalt ; elevate. 

Ennoblement, (en-nd'U-ment) n. The act of en- 
nobling;— exaltation ; elevation ; digaitv. 

Easui, (ong-we') n. [F. fh>m L. tii cdio.] A 
feeling of weariness and diegust; listlessuess; 

Encrmity, (e-nor'me-te) n. State or quality of 
being immoderate, monstrous, or outrageous; 
— atrooions dime : flagitious villainy. 

Enermoua, (8-nor'mus) a. (L. e and norma.] De- 
viating from, or exceeding, the usual rale or 
measure ;— exceaaive ;— exceedingly wu^ed; a- 
tfodoua. (uze: exoeaaively. 

EnonMoalj, (S-nor'mus-le) adv. Beyond meas- 

Enongh, (8-nuf *) a. [A. -8. gendh^ genCg.] Batts- 
fying desire ; adequate ; anffloient 

EMnffh, (a-nuf') adv. SufiSoieiitly ; * fUly : 
quite ;— iu « tolemUe degree. 



(»-wif *) «. A wifflfiomy i a quaniiky 
rhieb aatiiAM danie ; — that which is equal to 
oe'a powon or wishM. 
BDac«i, (oD-r^ v. t. To flU with >«£» ; to pro- 
Toka : inoMiM : inflame ; oxasparate. 

(fln-np'iita) v. /. To tiaosport with 
I ; to doUslit exooMiTely. 
(eo-avlah) «. I. To transport with 
dtdiAt : to enchant ; to throw into ecstanr. 
ftonln, (ea-ridk') v.t. To make rich with any 
kind of wealth ; to adorn : to fertilixe;— to atore 
with fcsovledga ; to inetroct. ^ 
SanafaBMat, (en-nch'ment) n. Act of making 
ncfa, or that whieh enriohea ; embeliuhmaut. 
bm, (en-iol') V. t To write in a roll ; tu re- 
eotd; to enlist ;'-to envelop ; to enwrap. 

(on-rol'ment) n. Act of enrolling; 

(em-eampQ) n. An example: pattern, 
(en-eang'gwin) v. t. To sti^u with 

(en-ekonO v- <• To coyer, u» with a 
or fort : to protect ; to hide ■eourely. 
iteng<e4m'bl) n. [F. from L. , in and 
t^Mrfi.] The whole; all the parts taken to- 

in a 


(en-ahxin') v.t To incloae 

ahrime or chest ; henoo, to cherish, 
baigv, f en'sin) m> (F. eiueifpu.] The 

vhich *«i*titi|piiahi*^ A oom- 

paaj, anaXf <» vevel ; a mark 

uf diatioedoD ; emUem ; — a 

eommiflrioiiad ofieer who car- 
ries the fl^ of a regiment. 
Iwigii^, (en'sin-ae) )i. Tho 

lank or office of an ensign : Ensien. 
Junior iientenantship. 
balcve, (en-BlftvO v. t. To reduce to slavery;^ 

to nbjat^ as to habits or evil paasiona. 
iBslavcaent, (en-elaT'ment) n. Act of reducing 

t» aiavoy: bondage; aerritudei 
**^ir. (oo-stamp') V. L To impress as with a 

stamp; to impreas deeply. 
lasae, («»«&') v. (. [Norm. F. eimter.] To £61- 

hum : to patsne ;->.«.»« To follow or come 

after; to su cce ed . 
blsUttCva, (en-tablaptfir) 

b»fa.} Thai part of an 

Older which u orer tho 

mfamns^ tnclnding the ar- 

chitntTS^ fHexB, and cor- 


InCail, (en-tilO n. [P. «» 
sad taUUr,} An estate or 
fm eatailed ;— the rule by 
vhidi the descent is fixed 

Xstsi], feo-til') v,L To 
settle taa desosnt of an 
estate, ao that ii cannot be sold or bequeathed 
hy MDT sabaeqnent possessor ; — to bestow in- 
alienaoty on a person and his heirs or sue- 
eanors ;— to tmnsmit or devolve evil. 

*■»«**■—*. (en-tAl'ment) n. The act of entail- 
ing ; — tha ccmdition of being entailed. 

bftugla, {en-tang'gl) v.t To twist or inter* 
vBsva in saeh a manner as not to be easily 
sspaxmtad;^to inTolve;~to perplex; to em- 

(en-toDg'gl-ment) n. The state of 
bsing entanclad ; intrioaoy ; perTdcxity. 
&Bt», (eater) v.t. [P. tntrtr.] To come or go 
imos to peneiratev— W eDgec" in;— -to attain; 

to readi;~to insert ;— to inscribe ; to record ;— 
to take actual poeseesiou of; — v. t. To go or 
come in ; to engage in; — to get within ;— to form 
or constitute a part; — ^to penetrate deeply. 
Snterpriee, (en'ter-priz) n. [F. entre, jn-endre.] 
That which is undertaken ; a bold attempt ; 
an adventure. 

Enterprise, (ea'tcr-piiz) v. t To undertake ; to 
venture upon. 

Enterprising, (en'tcr-priz-ing) a. Bold or for- 
ward to undertake. 

Entertain, (en-ter-tanO v. t. [F. entretenir.] To 
maintain ; to support ; — ^to show hospitality to: 
to receive as host ; — to engage agreeably the 
attention of; to divert*— to receive and take 
into consideration ; — ^to harbour ; to cherish ;•— 
T. i. To receive guests. 

Entertaining, (en-ter-ttin'ing) a. AfTording en- 
tertainment : pleasing ; amusing : diverting. 

Entertainment, (eu-tgr-tan'ment) n. Act of re- 
ceiving as host, or of amusing, admitting, or 
cherishing; a hospitable repast; a feast; «JU ver- 
sion : recreation ; pastime. 

Enthrone, (en-thron') v. t. To place on a throne; 
to invest with sovereign authority;— to induct 
or install, as a bishoix 

Enthronement, {en-thron'ment) n. The act of 
entlironing or the state of being enthroned. 

Snthreniiation, (en-thrOu-iz-u'iibuu) n. The 
placing of a bishop in his throne, in his 

Enthusiasm, fen-thu'zenazm) n. [Q. enihoutiat- 
mot.] Boliof in a special personal revelation 
from God ; — heated mioginatiou ; — paasionate 
excitement in punuit of on object; ardent ztiol. 

Enthusiast, (en-thu'ze-ast) n. [0. enthousiagte^,] 
One who is actuated by enthusiasm ;— one de- 
votedly attached to a cause or object ;— a per- 
son of ardent feelings and worm imagination ; 
^^ne who is excessively earnest and zealous. 

Enthusiastio, (en-thu-ze-as'tik) a. FiUed with 
enthusiasm: zealous; vehemently attacliod. 

Entioe, (en-Us^ >'•<• [Norm. F. entieer.] To 
draw on or instigate by excitmg hope or de- 
sire : to lead astray: to tempt ; seduce. 

Entlceable, (en-tis'a-bl) a. Capable of being en- 
ticed or led away. 

Enticement, ^en-tis'ment) n. Act or pxactioo of 
enticing ;— alluring object; attraction. 

Entire, (en-tirO a. [F. tHtitr.] Complete in all 
parts ;-~'Whole ; single; — ^full; comprising all in 
itself; complete; — without mixture ; pure ; — 
without irregularity or defect ; perfect. 

Entirely, (en-tirle) adv. In an entire manner ; 
wholly; completely; fUlly. 

Bntireneaa, (en-^'ues) n. State or condition of 
being entire ; oompleteneas ; fulness : totality. 

Entitle, (en-tTtl) v.t. [Norm. F. cntitUr.] To 
give a title to; hence, to dignify by an hon- 
orary designation; — ^to denominate ; to call ; — 
to give a claim to ; to qualify ; designate ; 

Entity, (en'te-te) n. [L. en<ifa«, from r,u, etUit, 
thing.] A real being ; easeuoa ; existence. 

Entomb, (en-t<>6mO r. t. To deposit in a tomb ; 
to buy : to inter; to inhume. 

Sntomolegieal, (en-tom*o-loj'ik-al) a. Pertain- 
ing to the science of entomology. 

Sntomolonst, <en-tom-oro-jist) n. One versed 
in the science of entomology. 

Entomology, (en-tom-ol'o-jeTn. [G. entomon and 
logot.] llie science which treats of the struc- 


ture, habits, and distribution of iusecU. 



Entomoitoxnata, (en-tom-d-stoxn'a-ta) n, [Q. 

entomos and Mtoma.) la 

zoology, a family of Mol- 

loflca, mostly marine. 
Entocoon, ( en-to-2d'on ) n, 

[G. entos, and zdon.] An 

intestinxU. worm. 
SntimiU, (en'tralz) n.pL 

[F. entrailles.] The bowels; 

— the interiud ports, as of 

the earth. 
Entrance, fen'trans) n. Act 

of ^ing into ; the act of Entomostomata. 

taking possession ; — permiaaion or power to 

enter ; access ; — the door or paasa^ ; — act of 

beginning ; commencement. 
Entrance, (en-trans') v. t. [Sn and twtnee.] To 

pnt into a trance ; — to rariah with delight or 


Entranoemeat, (en- trans 'ment) n. Act of en- 
trancing ; state of trance or ecstasy. 
Entrap, (en-trap') v. t. To catch aa f n a trap ; 

to inauare; to involve in difflcaltios; to entangle. 
Entreat, (en-tref) v. t. To treat ; to deal with ; 

to manage ; — to ask earnestly : to sn^iplicate ; 

to importune ; to prevail with by solicitation. 
Entreaty, (en-tret'e) n. The act of beseeching; 

request ; supplication ^petition. 
Ento>ee, (ong-ttaT) n. [r. from entrer.] Entry; 

permission or right to enter; — a course of dishes, 
^tremeta, (ong-tr-mO,') n. [F. entre and nutit.] 

Bmall or dainty dishes set on between the 

principal dishes at table. 
Satry, (Qn'tre) n. [F. enMe.] Act of entering ; 

ingress; beginning or first attempt; — act of 

entering a record ;— that by which entrance is 

made ; a passage ;— the actual taking possession 

of lands or tenements, 
Entwine, (en-twin^ v. t. To twist together. 
Entwiat, (en-twiBtO 

[L. « and nume- 
to recount ; to 

V. t To twist or wreathe 

Enumerate, (d-nu'mer-ilt) v. t. 
rare.] To count; to number 

Enumeration, (S-nil-m§r-a'8hun) n. Act of enu- 
merating:— a detailed account; Btatement of 
particulars ; — ^recapitulation. 

EnumeratiTe, (g-nu'msr-ftt-iT) n. Counting, or 
reckoning up, one by one. 

Enunciate, (e-nun'se-ftt) v. e. [h. enuneiare.] To 
announce ; to proclaim ; — to make distinctly 
audible; to pronounce. 

Enondation, (e-nun-se-R'shun) ». Act of an- 
nouncing ; — mode of utterance or pronuncia- 
tion;— declaration; public proclamation. 

E&nnoiatory, (O-nun'se-a-tor-e) a. Pertaining to 
enunciation or utterance. 

Envelop, (en -Tel 'up) v. f. \T. envelopper.} To 
ooveroy folding or wrapping; to enwrap; — to 
cover on all sides ; to oonceaL 

Envelope, (ang'vel-dp) n. A cover ; a wrapper ; 
an integument ;— paper or paper-cloth cover. 

Envelopment, (en-vel'up-meut) tk Act of enve- 
loping; an incloadng or covering on all sides. 

Envenom, (en-ven'um) v. t. To impregnate with 
venom or any substance noxious to life ; to 
poison :— to taint with bitterness or malice. 

Siviable, (en've-a-bl) a. Fitted to eocoite envy ; 

Snvioua, (on've-us) a. [F. envieux.} Feeling or 
harbouring envy ; exhibiting envy ; directed by 
envy ; repining or pained by the ezoeUeooe, 
prosperity, or happineei of anotirar. 

Enviooflly, (en've-ui-le) adv. In an envious 

EaviouanaM, (en've-us-nea) n. The quality or 
state of being envloua. 

Environ, (en-vi'mn) v. t. [F. environ.] To aor- 
round : to encircle ;— to invert ; to beriegeu 

Environment, (en-vi'mn-ment) n. Act of envi- 
roning : state of being nuToanded. 

Environa, (en-vfmna) n. jA. Places which sur- 
round another place or lie in its neighbourhood. 

Envoy, (en'voy) n. [F. ciiMycr.] One despatched 
upon an errand or mission ; etMcwUfy, a persou 
deputed to transact special business with a 
foreign prince or government. 

Eavoyshsp, (en'voy-ship) n. The offioe or rank 
of an envoy. 

Env^, (en've) v. t. To feel uneasiness, mortifi- 
cation, or discontent by the sight of another's 
superiority ;— to grieve or repine with oovetooa- 
ness ;— to withhold malidotuly : to grudge ; — 
V. i. To be filled with envious feelings 

Env^. (en've) n. [F. envie.] Fain or disoontont 
excited by the sight of another's supoiority 
or success; — emulation; rivalry; — malioe ; 
malignity r—object of desire. 

Envyixif , (en've-ing) n. Mortifksation at tho 
happiness and prosperity of another; ill-feeliug 
to others on account of supposed superiority. 

Eolian, (e-dle-an) a. Pertaining to .£olns, the 
god of the winds ; and hence to the wind. 

Eolisn-haxp, (e-dl»-an-harp)n. A musieal stringed 
instrument, the chords of which vibnte under 
the simple action of the wind, swelling or sub- 
dued according to the strength of tbe brsese. 

Sp, em, (ep, ep'e). [G. epi.] A prefix whieh 
signifies addition ; something applied to ; on. ; 
upon ; to ; over; near. 

Epaot, (e'pakt) n. [G. epi and offeinJ] The ex- 
cess of the solar year or month beyond the 

Epaulet, (ep'awl-et) n. [F. 4paulette.] A badge 
worn on the shoulder by military and naval 

Epergna, (d-pem') n. [F. eparffiu.] An or- 
namental stand with branches for the centre of 
a table. 

Ephahi (e'fo)n. [H. iphdh.^ A Hebrsw messare 
eoual to one bushel and four-ninths. 

Epnemera, (ef-em'er-a) n. [G. epKhnero»,'\ A 
fever of one day's continuanoe: — the day-fly 
or May-fly; strictly, a fly that lives one day 
only ; but the wora is apidied also to insects 
that are venr ^ort-Uved. 

Ephemeral, (ef-fem'cr-al) a. Bssinning and 
ending in a day; diurnal ;— shoit-uved ; tran- 

Ephemaria, fef-em'cr-is) n. [G. ephimeroi.l A 
Journal: a diazy ;— an astronomical almansr. 

Aphod, (efod) n. fH. dpfuad.] A girdle worn 
by the Jewish priests. There were two sorts, 
one of plain linen, the other embrcridered for 
the high priest. On the fttmt two iirecion» 
stones were set, engraved with the nunes of the 
twelve tribes, and a kind at breast-plate waa 
attached to it. 

Epie, (ep'ik) a. [Q. epot.] Containing narratiovi 
•"-decagnating a herdo poem. 

Epio, (epik) n. An epic or heroic poem. 

Spioene, (ep'e-s6n) a. or n. [G. epf and Jbotsox.^ 
Common to both sexes— applied to such noona 
as have but one form and gender for both aexo». 

Eptonre, (en'e-kfir) n. A foUower of Bpionnia, s^ 
Greek philosopher who aasomad plesMoe to bo 




tba highaslfDod : lienoe, one addloted to BeouoAl 

aigojrmentB : Toluptaaxy : aensttaliat. 
l^neiBeaii, (ep-e-ku-rS'aii) a. Pertainio^ to Epi- 

cunu, or fbuowing his yhiloeopbj ;— giyen to 

ZBimM, (ep^a-«i-kn n. [Q. epi^ and kutlos, 

eutae.'i A dxdib wnoee oentre moves round in 

the ciTcumlBrenoe of a graator oiide caUed the 

l^ieyvioid, (ep-fr«ldoid) n, [Q, epikuklo», and 

eifdos, fono.] A cnrre 

fHUo^tad l^ a point 

in the cjicmnfarence 

of a movable dxvle, 

wluah roUb on the 

inale or ouiude of 

the ciraiunftreDoe of a 

fixed cixole, ae bj the 

point a in the drdtf 

*r*^— ^*, (ep-e-dem'ik) 

a. (G. €pid£mos.) Com- Epkydold. 

nwo to or affecting a whole people or oommnnity ; 

—generally pieTailing. 
IfvUtimktt (ep-e-dem'ik) n» An in&ctiona dieeaae 

vhich aflecta nnmben of penona at the aame 

(ep^-dfir'miB) n. [Q. «i>i and denna.] 
eaticle or inrf-akin of animalw ;— the ex- 
tanal layer of the bark of a plant. 

T^iiaUittie, (eo-e-glofis) n. [G. epi and glOUa.} 
A leaf-eluped cartilage to preTent food or drink 
from, emtering the larynx and obctmcting the 
fareatli while eating. 

^tgnoB, (ept'e-gfam) n. [G. epi and graphein.] 
A abort poem or eentenee deaoriptive of one 
penoa or anbject, or containing one Uiought or 
Mtca^ ending with an ingenioua point or witty 

fep-e-gram-mafik) a. Writing 

cpjgnune; — belonging to epJgrama; cundae; 

pointed; poignant. 
MgxanoDatieaDy, fep-e-gnm-mat'ik-al-le) adv. 

fu the way of ej^gnm ; in an epigrammatic 

•tvle. [oompoaes enigrama 

%Nfzaauttatiat, ^ep-e-^ram'mat-iat) n. One who 
f>it,iaiiiBeHn, (ep-e-gram''mai'is) v. t. To write 

an epigram on;'--to deicribe pointedly and 

XfBgn^ht (ep'a-graf) n* [G. epigraphi.} An 

'-^— on a bnilding, &o.;— a motto. 

JaOMftft (ep'e-lep-M) n. [G. tpilipiia.] The 
fiklUng dftkneai — characteriaed bV clonic spaama, 
rioieot moscalar agitation, and Ion of sensation 
and consdoosneo. 

SpQeptie, <ep-«-lep'tik) a. Pertaining to, or 
aJec^ed with, epilepsy: consisting of epilepsy. 

TtpiT eg n e, (ep'e-log) n. [G. epilogot.] A speech 
Of short poem addreased to the spectaton by 
one of the actors, at the conclusion of a play ; 
—the dosing part of a diaooorse ; peroration. 

Itpfkasajt ^f-^a-ne) n. [G. epipfuineia.] A 
Banitatation;— the gloriousappetuing of Christ; 
—a duuish festiTal celebrated on the sixth day 
of lanoary, fn commemoration of the appear- 
saoe cf oar Sarionr to the wise men. 

TtjBSpepaey, (S-pis'kO-pej-e) n. [G. fjH and 
A^cpcia. ] GoTemment of the charoh by bishops ; 
—escabliahed raligion in Ihigland. 

Ipssepal, (S-pisTcd-pal) a. Governed by bishops ; 
— behnudng to, or vested in, bishops. 

J^isemuian, (A-pia-kd-p&lft-an) a. Pertaining 
to epHoopaoj ; episooj^ 

Epiaoopaliaa. ( 8-pii-kd-pale-an ) n. One who 

adheres te the episcopal ibrm of church govern- 
ment. [Episcopacy. 

Episcopalianiam, (6-pis-k3-p!l'le-an-izm) n. 
Epiaoopate, (e-pis1cd-pat) n. A bishopric; the 

office and dignity of a bishop; — ^the collectire 

body of bidiops. 
Bpiiode, (ep'e-sod) n. [G. epi and eiiodof.'\ An 

inddental narrative, or digresaiou, naturally 

arisini; fhrni the main subject. 
Spitodioal, (ep-e-e6d'ik-al) a. , Pertaining to, or 

contained in, an episode, 
^istle, (S-pis'l) n. [Q. epistolf.} A writing 

directed or sent to a person ; a letter. 
Epistolary, (e-pis'td-hu'-e) a. Pertaining to 

letters ; suitable to or contained in letters. 
Epitaph, (ep'e-tal) n. [G. epi and taphot.] An 

inscnption on a monument in honour or in 

memory of the dead. 
Epithaluniom, (ep-e-thal-ft'me-um) n. fL., G. 

epi and thalavios.] A nuptial song or poem in 

praise of the bride and bridegroom, 
^thet, (ep'e-thet) n. [G. epithetot.} A title : 

aesifnoation ; — an acyectlve expressing a quality, 

attribute, or characteristic, appropriate to the 

person 6t thing described. 
Iqiitome, (&-piV6-me) )i. [G. epitomi.] A brief 

summary; compendium; abstract. 
Epitomiat, (6-ni1rd-miat) n. One who makes an 

epitome or abridgment. 
Epnomiie, (9-pit'd-miz) v. t. To abridge as a 

writing or discourse ; — ^to abstract ; to condense. 
Epitomuer, (S-pit'd-miz-fir) n. One who abridgea 
Epooh, (d'pOk) fi. [G. epoehi.] A fixed point 

of time from which succeeding years are num- 
bered ; a remarkable period ; era ; date. 
Epode, (9M) n, [G. eppdo9.] The third or hst 

part or the ode ; — a lyric poem in which a long 

verse is ibUowed by a short. 
EpO|pee, (ep-o-pe^ n, [G. epos and poiein.] An 

emc poem ; — the action or fhble which makes 

toe subject of an epic poem. 
Epsom Bait, (ep'som-sawlt) n. Sulphate of mag- 
nesia having cathartic qualities— firom Epsom, 

E^nahili^, (6-kwa-bil'e-te) n. Quality or con- 
dition of bdng equable ; evcQness or uniformity 

of mind and temper. 
Eqiiahle, (dlcwa-bl) a. [L. aequut.] Equal at 

duTereut times;— uniform in action or intensity: 

even; smooth; — unrufflrd. 
Equablenaia, (dlcwa-bl-nes) n. The state of being 

eqnable. [evenly. 

Eq^bly, ^Icwa-ble) adv. In an equable xmimi er ; 
Equal, (Oxwal) a. [L. aquus.] Having tlie 

same magnitude, dimensions, value, degree, or 

the like ; — having competent power, abilities, 

or means; fit; adequate; — equable ; — fair ; 

Equal, (Sirwal) n. One not inferior or superior 

to another; one of the same age, rank, taleuts, 

Equal, (eVwal) r. t. To be or become equal to ; to 

be oommensurate with ; — Ut recompense Ailly ; 

— ^tomakeeqtud; to compare or regard as equaLt; 

to rival. 
Equality, (6-kwal'e-te) n. Condition or quality of 

being equal; — exact agreement between two 

with respect to quantity or value. 
Equalization, (ft-kwal-e-za'ahnn) n. The act of 

equalizing, or the stato of being equalized. 
Equalize, (d1cwal-iz) v. t. To make equal ;— to 

pronounce equal ; to compare as equal. 





Squally, (elcwal-Ie) adv. In the ufme degree 
with ano^er ; alike ;— in eqnal proportions ; — 
with eq^ual justice ; impartially ;—eTenly ; uni- 

Squalneu« (elcwal-nes) n. Equality. 

Equanimity, (tt-kwa-nim'e-te) n. [L. <tquu» and 
tmimus,] Evenness of mind ; composure ; calm- 
ness. . [equal ; to reduce to an average. 

Equate, (e-kw*5t') v.t. [h. ariitare.] To make 

Equation, (e-kwa'shun) n. A making eqnal, or 
an equal division ; — an ex2)re88ion of the 
condition of equality between two algebraio 
quantities:— the difference between apparent 
and mean time. 

Equator, (e-kw&'tgr) n. A great circle on the 
ioorth's surface, every where equally distant 
from the two poles ; the line. [eqtiator. 

Equatorial, (e-kwa-to're-al) a. Pertaining to the 

Equany, (ek'we-re) n. [F.icurit.] A laige stable 
for horses; — an oflBlcer of nobles or princes 
charged with the care of their horses. 

Equestrian, ^e-kwes'tre^in) a. [L. fqu£»,] Per- 
taining to norMs; — riding on horseback; — 
representing a x>erson on horseback. 

Equestrian, (e-kwes'tre-an) ti. A horseman ; a 
nder. [or having equal angles. 

Equianrnlar, (e-kwe-ang'gii-lar) a. Consisting of 

Equidifferent, (e-kw^e-dlff§r-ent) a. [L. tequu* 
and different.] Having equal differences ; arith- 
metically proportional. 

Equidistant, (e-kwe^lis'tant) a. [L. ceqnus and 
distam.] Being at an equal distanoft £h>m the 
same point or thing. 

Equilateral, (S-kwe-lat'er-al) a [L. aqum and 
lotus.] Having all the sides 
equal, as an equilateral tri- 

Equilibrate, (e-kwe-irbrJlt) v. t. 
[L. ivquuM and librare.] To 
balance equally two scales, 
sides, or ends ; to keex) ' in 

Equihbriuni,(e-kwe-lib're-um) n. fiqailatenl 
[L. (tguug axid libra.] Equality triangle, 
of weight or force;— a Just {wise or balance in 
respect to an object, so that it remains firm ; 
— equal balancing of the mind between motives 
or reasons : — state of indecision or doubt. 

Equimnltiple, (e-kwe-mul'te-pl) a. [L. (pquttn 
and multiplex.] Multiplied by the same num- 
ber or quantity. 

Equinal, (e-kwin'al) a. [L. equiti.] Pertaining 
to or resembling a horse. 

Eoninoctial, (fi-kwe-nok'she-al) a. Pertaining to 
tne equinoxes, to the equinoctial line, or to 
the time when the sun enters the equinoctial, 

Equinoctial, (e-kwe-nok'she-al) n. The celratial 
equator— so called, because when the sun is on 
it the nights and days are of equal length. 

Equinox, (e'kwe-noks) n. [L. mjuus and nor.] 
The precise time when the sun enters one of the 
equinoctial points. 

Equip, (©-kwip9 v. t. [P. dquipcr.] To fit a ship 
for sea ;— to furnish with arms or munitiouii of 
war; to provide tor service of any kind; to 
accoutre ; to array. 

Equipage, (ekVo-pi^)) n. Fumitttre ; the tar- 
niture and supplies of a vessel, army, a body 
of troops, boiaeman, or single soldier, including 
whatever is necessary for efficient service ;— 
accoutrements ; habilhnents ;— <arriage of state; 
1-Hittendanoe ; retinue. 

Equipment, (6-kwip^ment) n. Act of equipping 
or state of oeing equipped ; — any thing used in 
equipping : Aimiture ; — apparatus ; necessaries. 

Equipoue, (SlEwe-poia) n. [L. (eqnu», equal, and 
Eng. poise.] iSquaiity ot weight or force; 
equilibrium ;— a state in which the two cndn 
or udes of a thing are balanced. 

Equipollenoe, (S-kwe-poHens) n. Equality of 
power, force, or application ;— oquivalencc' 

SquijpoueBt, (S-kwe-porient) a. [L. ttqvvit and 
polUns.] Having equal force;— ha\'iDg eqni%-a- 
lent signification and reach. 

Equiponderanoe, (i-kwe-pon'dsr-ans} n. Eqnality 
of weight; eqiiipoise. 

Eouiponaerant, (^kwe-pon'dsr-ant) a. Having 
tne same weight. 

Sqniponderata, (e-kwe-pon'd^r-at) v. i. [Tj. fq-^t v « 
and ponderare.] To oe equal in weight ;— ti> 

EquxtaUe, (ek'we-ta-bl) a. Possessing or exhibit, 
ing equity ; giving each his due ; — fair ; reason- 
able; right; honest; impartial. 

Eqnitableneu, (ekVe-ta-bl-n«s) n. Quality of 
being equitaUe. [manner. 

Equitably, (ek'we-ta-ble) adr. In an equitable 

Equity, (ek'we-te) it. [Lu cpquus.] Evenness : 
uniformity;— equal adjustment or distribution ; 
— system of Jurisprudence differing ftx>m justice, 
as not being based on positive statute ; — a Iaw 
court to decide cases by regard to moral, sn^ 
distinguished firom legal, right or claim : im}iar- 
tiality: &imees ; uprightness. 

Equivalenee, (e-kwiv'a-lens) n. Equal worth or 
value; — equal power or force. 

Equivalent, (6-Kwiv'a-lent) a. [L. (rquus and 
valere.] Equal in value, worth, force, i»wer, 
effect, import, and the like. 

Equivalent, ( e-kwiv'a-leut ) n. That which 'u 
equal in v^ue, weight, dignity, or force. 

Ecraivocal, (e-kwiVd-kal) a. [L. (rquiui and m r. j 
Having diflbrent aignificatious equally appro- 
priate or plausible ; ambiguous ; uncertain : — 
capable of being ascribed to diilbrent motives. 

Equivocally, (e-kwiv^d-kal-le) adv. In an equi- 
vocal manner. 

Equivocate, (e-kwlv^kSt) v. i. [L. fquifoefA.] 
To use worcU of ambiguous or doubtf^il signifi- 
cation with a view to mislead ; juievaricate : 

Equivocation, (e-kwiv-d-kH'shun) n. Amhiguity 
ox speech ; shufiUng : evasion ; quibbling. 

£r, ((r). The termination of many Englif^L 
wonls, and the Teutonic form of the Latin or .- 
it is indiscriminately applied to men or things, 
as a farmer, ffrattr; at the end of names of 
places, it signifies a penon belonging to the 
place, as a Londoner. 

Bra, (e'ra) n. [L. ara, F. fre.] A fixed point 
of time from which a seiies of years is reckoned ; 
—epoch ; date ; period ; age. 

Eradicate, (e-rade-kiit) v. ^ [L. e and mdlr.] 
To pxill up by the roots; to extirpate; U> 
destroy; to exterminate. 

Eradication, (e-rad-e-ka'shun) n. Act of plucking 
up bv the roots ; extirpation. 

Eraaahle, (fi-ras'a-bl) a. Capable of being erased. 

Erase, (e-rOs') v. t. [L. eradtre.] To rub or acrap« 
out; to efface;— to obliterate, as. ideas in the 
mind or memoiy. 

Erased, (e-rOstO a. Rubbed out ; defaced ;— in 
heraldic, torn off, jagged, and uneven. 

Erasement, (e-r3s'ment) n. Act of erasing; 
obUtex-ation ; dsetructlon. 



>, (^rflx'er) n. One who, or tbAt which, 
; a iharp inttnuftent uaed to enue 

(d-nafe-an) n. A follower of Thomas 
who nuunUdned that the choich is 
•abjoet to the state in all mattexs of doctrine 
and discipline, as well as in its oinl rights. 
Sraaara. (^ift'shfir) n. Act of erasing : part or 
wocd of a writing that has been erased, 
be i»r)adv. [A.-S. «0r, G«r. 4r, loeL dr. Go. 
*Ur.} Befiire ; sooner than. 
Sn, (ilr) prtp. Before in lespeci to time. 
Brsekv (e-rektO a. [L. ereelut.} Upright, or in 
a pcspeodioolar postoxe ;— niaed ; uplifted ^— 
innly established; bold: inteUectoalty acttTe: 

Ireet, (^rektf) v. t [L. erigere.] To aet qpri|^t: 
— 4o raise, as a building ; — to give loftineM or 
high tono to; — to cheer; to animate; — to 
fwrtaMidi ; iband. 

(e-rektU) a. Capable of being erected. 
t (S-relraiiin) n. Act of erecting: — 
state of being ereoted ;— any thing erected ; a 
building ; fannstion ; establishment :— «leTa- 
tiao ; essMataon ; — diiAension or extension. 

r, (a-raktOe) ado. In an ereot manner or 

% (Arlong) adv. Soon ; before long. 

(^r^mit) M. One who lires in a wilder- 
or la retxiement; a hermit: an anchoret, 
r, (Ir'now) adv. Before this tima 
) (si^fo) <k'<^* [I^] TherefSoTB ; consequently. 
(ffriik) a. Ireland. 

(ei'min) w. [P. hermine.] An animal 
of the ganus MuMtUi^ allied to the weaseL In 
winter, the fUr is white, but the tip of the 
tsal is black thron^out the year ;— the ftir of 
tike erraiBO ;— the dignity of Judges and magis- 
tntoB, whose state robes, lined with ennine, 
8» emblsmatie of parity. 
Inda, (A-rfidO r. t. [L. t and rodere.} To eat 
iflto or away : to ooirode. 
bansB, (9-ro^iui) n. [L. <ro«io.] Aet of eating 
away : — the state of being eaten sway ; canker, 
bstia, <S-roCik) a. [O. crd*.] Pertaining to or 
wompied by Ioto; amatoxy ; prurient. 
grpstaUgy, (cr-pe-tol'o-je) n. That part of 
■atoral hiato^ which treats of reptiles. 
ftr, (C) V- ^* [^ errare.] To wander ftom the 
Tij^ way; to go astray;— to do wrong;— to fail 
in jadgment or opinion : to mistake. 
Baaad, (fi'and) n. [A.*S. iMretuii.] A special 
buanaBB intrusted to a meaaenger ; a menage ; 
I imiiiniaaifln 
&aDit, (er'ant) a. [L. trrart.] Deriating ftom 
«a aiqiointed oouxae ; wandering ; roving ; itun- 
_Uing :-~wiJd. 

r, (cr'ant-re) n. A wandering or 
about; the employment of a knight- 

(cr-atlk) a. [L. trraHcui.\ Roring 

about; eeoantrie;— not fixed or stationary; — 

aotable; irregular. [irregularly. 

bntieaUy, <$r-atlk-al-le) adv. Witliout rule; 

ftratom, (cr-&'tiun) n, [L. errart.} An error or 

mitrfake ia writing or fluting. 

Ikivaaoaa, (cr-ryne>a8) a. Deriating from a 

rif^t oouae ; notconiotmed to truth or juatice; 

— eoutaittiug error; liable to mialead; flJae; 

miatakwn. [not rightly ; fUaely. 

(tr-rd^ne-ua-le) adv. By mtotake; 

(^(r) n. [L. trror.^ A wandering or 

from tl|a ri^t comae or staodftrd ;— 

want of truth: inaooonu^ ;— violation of law 
or duty ; — blunder ; mistake ; tianagreaaion ; 
iniquity; finill 

Ene, ({IB) n. [O. Sng. lriAe.1 - The Ungnage 
of ^e deaoendants of the Oada or Celts in the 
Highlands of Scotland. 

ISat, (gat) adv. [A.-fi. (Brett.] Fixat; at first ; 
—once; formerly; long ago ;— hitherto. 

Eru b eacenoe , (cr-a-bea'ena) n. Aot of becoming 
red ; rednesa ; a bluahing. 

BrabMcantt (cr-u-bee'ent) a, (L. erubeaeenJt, 
fixun rtcfter, red.] Red or reddiih : bluahing. 

Smot, (S-rukf) v.t [L. e and ruetare.] To 
^oct, aa wind frrom the stomach; to belch. 

Xrnetation, (er-uk-t&'shun) 3k Aot of belching 
wind from the stomach;— a riolent faction, 
aa of wind or other matter from the earth. 

indite, fer'li-ftit) a. [L. e and rttdia.] Charac- 
terized by extenaiTe reading or knowledge; 
learned. [learning. 

Smditelj, (er'fi-dit'le) adv. With erudition or 

Sruditioii, (er-ii-diih'uu) «. State of being 
learned ; knowledge gained by extenaire reading 
or atudy ;— intimate aoquaintanoe with litera- 
ture aa distinct from the adanoea ; acholaiahip ; 

Smgiaoua, (S-rfi'Jin-ua) a. [L. tBruffo.} Par- 
taking of copper or the rust ot copper; reaem* 

Eruption, (e-rup'shun) n. [L. eruptio.} Act of 
breaking or banting forth ; that which bunts 
forth ;— the breaking out of a cutaneous diseaae. 

Smptive, (S-rup'tiT) a. Breaking or bunting 
forth ;— produced bv eruptioa, 

Bryaipelaa, (er*ei^pel-as) n. [O. eruthiyM and 
pella.] St Anthcniy's fire ; the rose ;— inflam- 
mation of the skin, especially that on the fnoe. 

Efysipalous, (^r-e-sip'el-us) a. Resembling eiy- 
sipelas, or partaking of its natura 

Esoalfde, (ea-ka-lOdO n. [F. , It. tealata, h. acala.] 
An attack by troops on a fortified place, in 
which ladden are used to mount a rampart. 

•Rsoalade, (es-ka-lod') v. t. To scale ; to mount 
and enter \n ladden. 

Saealop, (es-kal'up) n. [D. uikulp.] A bivalve 
shell, marked with ribe;— a regular curving 
indenture in the margin of any thing. 

Eaealoped, (es-kal'upt) a. Cut or nuurked in the 
form of an eecalop. 

Eaeapada, (ea-ka-pftdO n. [F., Sp. t»eapadja.] 
Fling or kudc of a horn ;— on impropriety of 
apeeoh or behaviour of which one ia unoou- 
sdous ;— a wild fr«ak ; an inconsiderate adven- 

Escape, (es-kftpO V. <. (F. iekapper.] To flee from; 
to shun ; — to avoid the notice of ; to evade :— 
V. i. To hasten away; to avoid danger or injury ; 
— ^to be paand without harm. 

Baoape, (es-kftp^ n. Act of getting out of danger; 
fli^t ;— state of being paned by 
without ii^uiy ;— evaskm ; sub- 
terfVige; — freedom from legal 
restraint or custody. 

Esoapemant, (ea-kAp'ment) «i. 
Act of escaping; — the contri- 
ranee in a tune-piece which con- 
nects the wheel-work with the 
pendulum or the balance, giring 
to the latter the impulse by 
which they are kept in vibration. 

Esearp, (ea-kArp^M. [F. acarpe.] 
The exterior slope of a finiifled Raeapenieiit. 
vrork ;— the ai4e gf tho ditch next the panpet 





if (fl»>Un/) V. t. [F. aearper.] To make 
into,~or fDznUk with, a iteep slope. 

B e c ar pment, (ee-kArp'iuent) n. A steep descent 
or deeUvity. 

Xaohalot, (esh'a-loi) n. [V. 4dMloite.] A species 
of small onion or garlic. 

Ssdhar, (6s1c4r) n. [O. ««cAara.] A dry slough, 
crust, or scab, produced by bums or caiutics. 

Saoheat, (es-Gher) n. [O. Eng. etehele. L. cadere.] 
The lererting of lands to the lozd of the fee 
or to the state by fkilure of persons legally 
entitled to hold the same ;— a reversion. 

Xaohaat, fes-chef) v. i. To revert, as land, to the 
lord of the manor by (kiluxe of the tenant's 
right;— to (kll to the state by forfeiture or lack 
of heira. 

XMhew, (ea-eh6A0 v. t [O. Eng. eKheve, Ger. 
$ek€uen.} To flee firom : to shun ; to seek to 

Xaoort, (eslcort) n. [F. fncorU.] A guard ; a 
convoy ;— a body of armed men sent along with, 
as protection or defence ;— a train or rutinue ; 
— ect of pcotecting on the road. 

Xacmi, (ee-korf) v. t. To attend with a view to 
guard and protect ; to convov. 

ficritoire, (es-kre-twor') n. [F. from ea-ire.] A 
writing-desk, either portable or fixed. 

Baenlman, (es-ku>la'pe-au) a. Pertaining to 
JEscuUpius, the god of the healing art ; hence, 
medicinal ; curative. 

Esculent, (eslca-lent) a. [L. eacuUntu*.] Suit- 
able to be used by man for food : eatable. 

Saouleat, (eska-ient) n. Any thing that is 
edible and proper for food. 

Xiettteheon, (es-kuch'un) n. [F. ieusion.] The 
field or ground on which a ocat 
of arms is represented ; also, 
the shield of a family. The 
two sides of an escutcheon are 
designated a« dexter and sinis- 
ter, as in the cut, and the 
difl'erent points by the follow- 
ing names: A, dexter chief 
]Mint ; B, middle chief ; C, 
sinister chief; D, honour or £scntcheoD(ff«r.) 
ooUar ; E, fesse or heart : F, nombril or navel ; 
G, dexter base ; U, middle base ; I, sinister base. 

XicphagUB, (o-sof 'a-gns) n. [O. oi9oj>ftaffo$.] The 
passage through which food aitd drink jMun to 
the stomach ; the gullet :— also (Esophagus. 

Saoteiio, (es-o-t^r'ik) a. [G. e^ottroi.] Secret ; 

Eivate; designed for, and understood by the 
itiated alone. 

Saoterios, (es-S-tsr'iks) n. pi. Secret and 
mysterious knowledge ; — doctrine taught by 
ancient phUoeouhers to their diBciples, but 
concealed from tJie public generally. 

Snalier, (es-pal'yQr) vi. [F. ^paule.] A row 
or trees trained up to a lattice ;— a lattice-work 
to train fruit-trees and OMiamental shnifas on. 

Bspeoial, (es-peah'e-al) au [L. »pecies.] Distin- 
guished among othen of the same class or kind ; 

jparticular; juincitiaL 

Sspaeially, (es-pesVe-al-le) adv. Principally; 
chiefly; uncommonly. 

Snial, (es-pral) n. Act of espying; notice; 
oDeerration ; discovery ; a spy. 

Sapionage, (es'pe-on-aj) n. [F. eMpionnapf.} Prac- 
tice or employment of spies; secret watcliiii?. 

Enlanade, (es-pla-nild') n. [F., L. plnnwi.] The 
glacis ; — a clear epBce between a citadel and 
tba first houses ox the town ; — ^any clear space 
used for public walka or drivea. 





spousal, (es-pouz'al) n. [F. ipou*ailUs.} Act 

of espousing or betrothing ; enptcially, in the 

plural, betrothal or marriage ceremony ;-> 

adoption; protection. 
Ei^onae, (es-pou20 v. t [F. epou$er,] To giro 

as spouse ; to aflianoe ; — to take as spouse ; to 

wed ;— to take up the cause of ; to adopt 
Saprit, (es-preO n. [¥., L. spirittu.] Spirit; 

animation. Bsprit de corp$, the spirit uf the 
body, class, or society to which one belongs; 

attachment and feUow feeling in a particular 

pursuit or profession. 

"Enjt (es-pr) v. t. [F. tpier.] To catch eight 
of; to see at a distance :— -to inspect ; to ktxjp 
watch upon ;—v. i. To look uairowly; to luok 
about ; to watch. 

Esqnimaiit (eslce-mo) n. An Indian of any of 
the tribes inhabiting the north western parts 
of arctic America; — a rough and hardy ikig 
found in arctic America and Greenland, &c., 
used for drawing aledgea and other works of 

Saquire. (es-kwirO n- [F. titeut now ieu, shield.] 
A shield-bearer ; an attendant on a kniglit ; 
hence a title of dignity next in degree below a 
knight; — common form of supersctiptiou or 
address bv way of compliment, used in place 
of Mr. ;-4)quire. 

Eaqiiire, (es-kwuO v. t. To wait on ; to attend. 

Eaaay, (es-aa') v. t. To try ; to attempt ; to en- 
deavour; — to make experiment or trial of; to 

Eaaay, (et^sl) n. [Norm. F. tuai.] A trial : 
attempt; ondeaTour;— a literaiy comjiositiun 
shorter and less methodical than * treatise; — 

Saiayiat, (es'sA-ist) n. A writer of essays. 

Staence, (es'sens) it. [L. ettentia.] Existence ; 
Bubaistenoe ;— formal cause of being ; substance ; 
— constituent part ; necessary element ; — a 
being ; an existent penon ;— cluef or predomin- 
ant quality in any substance ; volatile oil ex- 
tracted frt>m a aubstance;— perfume; odour; 

Essence, (es'sens} v. t. To perfume ; to scent. 

Easene, (es-sCn') n. [G.€«$gHoi.] One of a Jewish 
sect remarkable for strictness and abstinence. 

Essential, (ee-seii'she-al) a. Belonging to tlio 
essence ; necessary to the being or oonalitutJon 
of ;— important in the lughest degree ; vital ; — 
rectified; pure. 

Esawitial, (es-sen'she-al) n. First or constituent 
principle ; that which is most important 

EiMMntiality or Esaentialnasi, (es-Ben-she-arc-t«) 
VI. State or quality of being inherent iu or 
necessary to the existence of. 

Esaentialiy, ^es-sen'she-al-lo ) ade. Really ; in 
the nature of ; by constitution ; — neoeasarily. 

Estobliah, (establish) v.t. [F. ttablir.} To 
make stable or firm ; to settle ; — to enact Ity 
auUiority; to ordain ;— to uphold;— to fuunil : 
to institute ; to fulfil ; to uutke good ;— to act 
up in business. 

Satablishmenti (es-tab'lish-ment) n. Act of 
establishing; — state of being estabLifihed : — 
settlement ; fixed state ; — confirmation; mti- 
fication ; — ordinance ; regulation ; — military 
force or garrison;— commercial agency ; place i>r 
business; depot ;— stated income ; fixed allow- 
ance ; stylo of living :— in England, the Epis- 
copalian form of religion; — in Scotland, the 
Presbyterian chiuxih sanctioned by the state. 

Sftote, (ea'tat) n. [F. dUnt,] Fixed condition 




of any thing or panon ; rank ; stata : position ; 
quality: means: circumftances ; fortune; — ^pro- 
perty in land : also, property of all kinds to be 
divided at death ;— one of Ute ranlu or elBsaes 
of men oanetitnting the state ;— i)olitical body : 

Bafeean, (es-tCm') r. t. \h. astivtnre.] To set 
a TaJne on ; to estimate ; — to set a high Talae 
on ; to regard with respect or affection ; to 
priae : — to hold in opinion ; to think ; to repnte. 

btacB^ (es-tim') n. High Talue or regard; 
&Toai«ble opinion. 

Bittiilisi, Ces-thef iks) n. rinff. The science of 
the beaatind, or the theory of taste :—aHh€tieii. 

Bitimbla, (es'tim-a-bl) a, [L, attimabilui.] 
Captibia of being rained :— worthy of esteem or 
honoorable ; praiseworthy, [manner. 
r, (es'tim-a-ble) adv. In an estimable 
1^ 6»^tim-At) V. <: [L. coftimart.] To 
sate ; to Taln« ; — to form ah opinion of the ralne 
of, withoat actoally measuring or weighing ; to 

Eelmala, (es'tim-at) n. Valoation; Judgment 
farmed of the quantity, extent, worth, exiwnse, 
tci eomputation ; calculation; ralue ; — pi, 
OfBcial statements of the probable expense in 
any goTemmental department;— offers of a oon- 
trsfctor to exacnto woik, or tarnish goods, &a, 
far a fized sum, or at a specified rate. 

btUBKlios, (es-tim-a'shun) n. i&ct of estimat- 
ing; — frTDurable opinion; esttem;— calculation: 

_oainpatatioo : appiaisement. 

(as-topO T. t [F. etouper.] To impede 
to tiap the propess of. 
(aa-trftdO n. [F.J A teachox's bench 
in a Bobool-room. 

TfshiBts, (es-trb^') r. f. [F. ttrattfffr.] To 
diveit ftom ita original use or possessor ; to 
sUottta; — ^to withdraw the affections or con- 
Uenoe of; to withhold. 

B rtiaug s m it, (es-trOixJ'ment) n. Act of 
tKtn^png; alienation; remoTal; Toluntaxy 

r, (est'a-ar-e) n. [L. astuare.] A narrow 
as the mouth of a rirer or lake, where 
the tide meeta the current ; an arm of the sea ; 

Ssonant, fB-sS're-ent) a. [L. fmrierui, trom tdert, 
to eat.] Inclined to eat ; appetixed ; hungry. 

Ste.. or at e^ara, (et-setV-A) **• U^A l^e rest ; 
oUbietB of the same kind ; aud so on ; so forth. 

Iteh, (ech) V. r. [Ger. dtzeiu] To produce, as 
flgorea or designs, by drawing linos with a 
needle through a coat of TamiBh spread on the 
eortaoe of a steel or copper plate, and deepening 
them with aquafortis ;— to sketch or delineate 
with pen and ink ; — v. i. To practise etching. 

BtehiBg, (ech'ing) n. Act, art, or practice of 
ctcfasTig : — the impression taken fh>m an etched 
plate ; — a pen ana ink sketch. 

Iliii nal. (^4fm'al) a. [F. Hernel, L. <rtemwf.] 
▼Hhont beginning or end of existence :— ever- 
kMrttng; immortal; — perpetual: ceaseless; — 

Itcma], (B-tcmlU) n. That which is without 
beginning or end ; the Deity ; God. 

Itsnalljt (d-tfm'al-le) adv. In an eternal 
manner, without beginning or end; perpetually ; 
Tmohaageab^: at au times. 

nscai^, (t-tcrn'o-te) a. (L. <etemitaa.y Con- 
dition or quality of being eternal; duration 
wttbooi bfginntng or end ;— Aiture state ; oon* 
ditioa «r tiae aflar death. 

Stamixe, (e-tcmls) 1. 1. To make eternal or 
endless ; to i)erpetuate ;— to immortalise. 

Ether, (either) li. [O. aithir.] A subtle fluid 
supposed to pervade all once, and to be the 
medium of transnUssion or light and heat ; — a 
volatile and inflammable fluid, produced by 
the distillation of alcohol with acid. 

Stharaal, («-the'r»-al) a. Pertaining to the 
ether : celestial ;— consisting of ether ; light or 
airy ; tenuous; volatile. 

Etheraalise, (^thS'ie-al-Is) v. f . To convert into 
ether ;— to render ethereal or spirit-like. 

Ethereally, («-the're>al-le) adv. In an ethereal, 
celestial, or heavenly manner. 

Ethioal, (eth'ik-al) a. [O. »Aof.] Relating to 
manners or morals; treating of the moral 
feelings or duties. 

EthioaUv, (eth'ik-al-le) adv. According to ethics. 

Ethios, (eth'iks) n. sinff. Doctrine of morality ; 
that philosopny which treats of human duties, 
their grounds and obligations: — system of 

Ethiopian, (S-th»^p'e-an) n. A native or inha- 
bitant of Ethiopia. 

Ethiopie, (d-the-op'ik) a. Belonging, or relating, 
to Ethiopia. 

Ethiopie, (e-the-op'ik) n. The language of 

Ethnical, (eth'nik-al) a. [Q. ethnU-M,] Belong- 
ing to noes ; based on distinctions of race ; — 
heathen ; pagan. 

Ethnography, (eth-nog^n-fb) n. [O. ethnog and 

ffraphtin,] A description of the different raoee 

of men, with their characteristics, manners, &c. 

Ethnological, (eth-no-loj'ik-al) a. Pertaining to 


Ethnology, (eth-noro-Je) n. [G. ethnog and loffog.] 

The sdenoe which treats of the division of man 

into races, their origin, relations, and differences. 
EthdMy, (eth-oro-je) n. [G. ithot and logoa.) 

That branch of ethics which treats of character 

as influenced or moulded by position, circum- 
stances, Ac. 
Etiolate, (e'te-o-Ut) v.i. [F. itioler.] To be 

blanched by excluding the light of the sun, as 

plants;— to become pale through disease or 

absence of light ; — v. t. To whiten. 
Etiolation, ( e - te - 6 -1ft 'shun ) n. Operation of 

blanching so as to render plants wnite, crisp, 

and tender. 
EtiologT, (e-to-ol'o-je) If. (G. aitia and lo^os.] 

That branch of meoical science which treats of 

the causes of disease. 
Etiquette, (et^kef) n. [F.] System of artificial 

rules and observances for behaviour in society ; 

conventional decorum ; studied ceremony. 
Etoi, (a-tw6^ A. [F. etvi.) A lady's reticule or 

work-box ; a case for small instruments, 
^vmolegioal, (et-e-m5-loj'ik*al) a. Pertaining 

fiS etsrmolory. 

EtymologioaUy. (et-e-mo-lqj'ik-al-le) adv. Ac- 
cording to, or \>y means iji, etymology. 
Etymologist, (et^nioro-jist) n. One versed in 

Slymolt^T, ( et-e-mol'o-je ) ru [0. eiumon antf 

{oi7o«.] That part of philology which explains 

the origin and derivation of words ;— that part 

of grammar which relates to the changes in the 

forms <tf words in a language. 
Etymon, (et'e-mon) n. ^.etumon.] An original 

form : primitive word ; root 
So. A prefix tnm the Greek, signitying wsU; 

eaqr; advantageous ; entirt ; and the like. 




SneliAiirt, (ulcir-faitt) n. [O. eueharutia.] The 
sacnunent of the Lord's sapper: the commnniou. 

Snoharistie, (u-kir-ist'ik) a. Pertaininj^ to the 
Lord's sapper ;—«xpreniDg thanlu or thanks- 

Elioh«log7, (a-koro-Je) n. [G. tuchdogion.] A 
formola^ of prayeza ; a litnigy. 

Enohrei OllEcrt n. A game atoards. 

Sndiomenr, (ti-deH>m'et-er) n. [Q. eudios and 
metron.] An instroment for ascer- 
taining the parity of the air, or its 
quantity of oxygen. 

Xalogiit, (ulo-Jist) n. One trho 

Snlogmm, (u-ld'Je-um) n. [L. from 
O. eulogicu] A formial eulogy. 

EnlogiM, (aio-Jiz) v.f. To speak 
or write in oommendatiou of an- 
other ; to praise ; to extol. 

Eulogy, (aio-Je) n. [O. eulogia.] 
A speeoh or writii^ in oommenda- 
tion of the character or eenrices 
of a pexaon; enoomlum ; panegyrio : 

Amuoh, (O'nak) n. [G. tuni and 
male of the human species castrated, often em- 
ployed as a chamberlain. feonuch. 

Bonaehiam, (a'nuk-izm) u. The state of being a 

Enpathy, (&'path<e) n. [G. eu and pathos.] 
Right feeling :— good or kindly feeling. 

Xnpennr, (u-pep'se) 91. [G. eu and itepUin.] 
Good digestian— opposed to dtftpep*^. 

Bi^eptio, (9-pep'tilO a. Haviiig fgooA. digestion, 
(tf beins eai^ of digestion. 

Snphenum, (ftYem-izm) n. [G. ett and plicmi.] 
A delicate word or expression used for one that 
is harsh or indeUoatei 

Aqphenian, M'fim-ixm) n. An ogreeable sound 
or oombinAtion of eoonds ; euphony. 

SnphooT, (a,'i5-ne) n. [G. eu and phOni.\ An 
agreeaUe sound ; an easy, smooth enunciation 
of sounds. 

Zaphuiam, (u'fQ-izm) n. [G. ttiphuis.] Affecta- 
tion of exoeasiTe elQganoe and refinemmt of 

ecAfin.] A 


_ iniat, (Q'fa-ist) it. One who affects exoessiye 

refinement and elemnoe of language. 
Snroelydoai ( Q-rokle-don ) n. [G. turon and 

klvMn,.\ A tempestuous easterly wind in the 

Meditenanean ; a leranter. 
Sorope, (u'rSp) n. One of the four quarters of 

the world, lying between the Atlantic and Asia. 
Snropeaa, (a-r&-pe'an) a. Pertaining to Europe. 

or to its inhabitants. [bitant of Europe^ 

Eanpeaa, (a-r6-pS^au) n. A native or an iuha- 
Sorythmar, (il'iith-me) ii, [G. eu and ruthmoB,] 

Just or hannonious proportion or movement. 
Euterpe, ^u-ter'pe) m. la mytholofftf, the muse 

who prended over wind instruments and music : 

—on asteroid between the orbits of Mars lAd 

Entlianaaia, (a-than-&'eh»«) n. [G. eu and than- 

atot.) An easy death ; a mode of dying to be 

EotyeUan, (fl-tik'e-an) n. A foUower of 

Eutyohiua. who held that the divine and human 

natures of Christ formed hut one; a mono- 
J^Tvite. [cathartic. 

Evaewttt, (8-vak'fl-ant) ik A purgative or 
*»»W*ei («>vak'a-ftt) v.t, [L. « and vacuus.] 

To make empty:— to remove: to^tect; to die- 

goMgei—to withdraw fcom, as a fort and the 

like ;>-tD make void. 

EvMoatioA, (e-vak-il4l'shun) n. Act of evaca&t- 
ing, emptyijDg, or clearing :— withdrawal, aa of 

a garrison fh)m a place ;— a discharge by stool 

or other natural means. 
Evade, (e-vfid^) v.t. [L. e and vadtreJ] To avoid 

by dexterity; to escape by artifice or stxatagem ; 

to elude ;—r. i. To slip away from or by ; to 

use pleas or quibbles in order to elude or deoeiva. 
EvaMaoe, (e-van-esO «'•*'• H^ ^ aud ratitJicrr^L] 

To vanish ; to become disaiiMitifid and diaa|>pcar 

like vapour. 
Evaneaoenoe, (ev-an-es'ens) v. Act of vaniahi ng : 

state of vanishing or of being vanished ; diaai^ 

Evaneaoent, (ev-an-es'ent) a. [L. e and roncacrrr.] 

Vanishing: fleecing:— imperceptible. 
Evaneaoently, (ev-an-es'eut-le) ode. In a fleeting 

and vanishmg manner. 
Evangel, (e-van'jel) n. [G. euaffffelion.] Good 

news ; glad tidings : the gospeL 
Evaagehoal, (d-van-jel'ik-al) a. [O. cuapjjeiii-vw.l 

Contained in or relating to tiie four Guapels: 

—consonant with or contained in the gQa|>el ;— 

earnest for the truth taught in the gi.«|Kl: 

sound ; orthodox. 
Evangelioally, (fr-van-Jellk-al-le) oc/r. In an 

evangelical manner ; according to tha goapeL 
Evangdioiam. (e-van-jel'e-sixm) h. Kvan- 

gelioBl principlea. 
Bvaagahati (e^van'jel-ist) n. One of the writer* 

of the gospel history;—* pn»cher of the soFpel ; 

a missionary ; an itinerant preacher. 
Erangeliitio, (fi-van-Jel-ist'ik) a. Designod or 

fitted to evangelise : evangelicaL 
Evaoigdiae, (e-van'jel-iz) r. (. To convert to a 

belief of the goi^ ; — v. i. To preach the go*ji«L 
Evaaiah, (e-van'ish) v. i. To disappear ; to vaAi«di. 
Evaniahment, (e-van'ish-ment) u. A vauiahing ; 

a disappearanoa. 
Evaponude, (e-vap'cr^t-bl) a. Capable of being 

dissipated by evaporation. 
Evaporate, (e-vap'er-At) v.i, [L. e and veporarf.] 

To paas off in vapour, as a fluid >— to be dissi- 
pated; to be wasted; — v.t. To dissipate in 

vapour or fames. 

Sn^porate, (d-vap'cr-at) a. Dispersed in Tapoum 
Evaporation, (C-vap-^r-ft'shun) n. Act or pnxa^ 

of tnmiiw into or passing off in vapour. 
Evasion, (e-vft'shun) n. Act of avoiding (^r 

escaping from an argmnen^ chaigev intcm>- 

gation, Ac ; shift ; subterttage ; equivooation. 
Evasive, (e-vft'si v) a. Tending to evade or marked 

by evasion ; elusive ; slippeiy; eopbisticaL 
Eimaivdv, (^va'siv-le) adv. By evasion. 
Eva, (ev) n. latter part or close of the da\ ; 

evening: — ^the evening preceding 80«u« part.!- 

oular day; the period preoediiig some impurtaut 

Eve, (fiv) n. The wife of Adam and mother cf 

the human race. 
Even, (S'vn) a. [A.-S. fJhL] Level; smcx^th; 

equal in suzftoe; uniform in motion or action : ' 

— calm ; not eaiily ruffled ;— equally balanced : : 

axyosted ; fair ; equitable ; — capable of diribioa | 

by g esid at numbers. 
Even, Ofm) v. t To make own : to levd ; to 

smootn ;— to equaUae ;— to balance aooounta. 
Even, (fi'vn) adv. In an eqaal manner ; Ukewiw ; 

exactly: eouaUy:— at the Toy time;— ao mock 

as;— indeed; verily. (lial. 

Even-handed, (S'vn-hand-ed) a. Fur or impai* 
Evening, (fi^-ing) n. The latter part and cioM 

of the day, and the btigfnning of darkntfiai «e 




nj^fc : — ^the Utter portioii, aa qf life ; the do- 
clining period. 
Evolj, <d'ni4e) adv. With a level or amooth 
■orflMB; ■•qtufcUy; uniformly; — impartially. 
SveaaaM, (pm-om) n. State of being even, 
toral, or nndistorbed ; amoothnea ; equanimity. 
SvoBt, («-Tent7 n. [lue and vtnire.] That which 
happens ; oocorrenoe ; incident good or bad ;— 
condeqnenoe ; issue ; result. 
Svattal, (e-rent'fw>l) a. Full of. or distinguished 
by erents or inoidents ;— producuig numerous 
or important changes or results. (eyening. 

Xvan^teda* (e'vurtid) n. EvenUig ; the time of 
Svmtaal, (6-Tent'u-al) a. Hap^ning as a con- 
■equenoe or result : consequential ;— ultimate. 
BfeatnaUy* (e-Tent'ti-al-le) ad0. In an eventual 
manner; finally; ultimately. 
Evfer, (ev'or) <^v. [A.-S. d/tr.] At any time, 
past or flitore ; — at all times ; always ; continu- 
ally ; — in any degree. 

If si n^i a i t (ev'g^gren) «. Always green ; verdant 
throughout the year. 

SvBsracn, (aVfrogren) n. A plant that retains 
its veriors throughout all the seasons. 
Svedaating, (ev-^r-last'ing) a. TiMting or endur- 
ing 6>r ever ; immortal ; eternal ; — ^perpetual ; 
endless ; nnceasing. 

SfcriaatiBg, (ev-f r-lssfing) n. Eternal dnntion, 
past and fntura ; eternity ; — the everliring God : 
— a plant whose flowers dxy without losing their 
form or colour. 
IwiilaaHiialy, (ev-fr-lastlng-le) adv. Eternally ; 
perpetaa4y ; continually. 
Bwtauamt (ev'er^mOr) adc. During eternity ; 
slwsys; eternally; — for an indefinite fiiture 

Srory, (av'cr^) a. [A.-S. (^fre and die] Each 
one ; toe individuals which constitute a whole, 
npuded one by one. 

Sv«K7>d«gr« (ev'cr-^-dil) a. Used or fit fur every 
day ; eommon : usual ; custemary. 
Swyvhtre, (ev cr-e-hw&r) ad». In every place ; 
in all places. 

(e-viktO V. t. [Ia < and vincere.} To dis- 
fay a judicial prooaas ; — to take away, 
(d-vik'shun) n. Dispoeaession or da- 
uivation by Judicial sentence. 
Sridcnoo, (ev'e-dena) n. Btete of being evident ; 
deameas; testimony derired from our own 
peneptiona, from the witneas of othera, or from 
inference and deduction ;— one who can testify 
to a fkct ; a witneas : — any inatrument or ^-riting 
which oonvoja prool 

EriJanna, (ev'e-dana) v. t To render evident or 
to prove ; to evince ; to manifest, 
(ev'e-dimt) a. [L. e and xidtrt.] Clear 
to the vision ; >~ open ; plain: clear to tiie 
andantanding; maniCaat; obvious; apparent. 
Ividaatial, (ev-e-den'sheHtl) a. Relatu^ to or 
fomiahing avidenoa ; olearly proving. 
Sndantulqr« (ev-e<len'sluMd-le) adv. In a clear 
and oonviiieing manner. 

Xndaatlj, <ev'e-dent-le) adv. Clearly; ob- 
viooaly ; plainly ;— so as to evince ; certainly : 

Sril,(d'vU)a. [A.-a</r2.] Having bad natuzHl 
qnalitias: miaoUevanB: hurtful ;~having bad 
monJ qualitiea; corrupt; wicked; — unfortn- 
Bate ; clTaaatirnis 

Xvil, (^vil) )b III; wrong; ain:->that which 
c ana ea pain, aQlTeiing, or other distrBas ; mis- 
fin tu na ; miaehief ; -~ wickedncM ; depravity ; 
aiafU disposition. 

ABC, EToIute. 

Evil, (e'vil) adv. In an evil manner ; unjustly ; 
injuriously; iU. 

Evu-eye, (6'vil-i)«. A supposed power of 
bewitehing, or injuring by the eyes. 

Evil-one, (e'vil-wun) n. The great enemy of 
man: Satan. 

EvU-apeaking, (e'vU-spek'ing) tt. Slaudor; do- 
fomation : ^umny ; consoriousnoss. 

Evince, <e-vins^ v. t. [L. < and rrnc«Y.] To 
prove beyond any reasonable doubt ; to make 

Evincible, (fi-vina'e-bl) a. Capable of being 
DTOvod; dcmonMtrable. 

Evinoibly, (e>vins'o-ble) adv. In a manner to 
force oonvictioiL 

Eviaoerate, (C-vis'ser-iit) v. t [L. tvuctrare.] To 
teke out the entrails of : to gut [cerating. 

EviseeraUon, (C-vis-aer-a'shuu) n. Act of evi«- 

Evoke, (&-v6k') r. t. (L. t and vocaix.] To call 
out; to summon forth; — ^to call away. 

Evolnte, (or'Wut) n. [L. e and xolrerc'\ A 
curve from which another 
curve, called the involute or 
evolvent, is described by the 
end of a thread gradually 
wound upon the former or 
unwound from it. 

Evolution, (ev - 5 - Ifi ' shun) n. 
Act of unfolding or unroll- 
ing; hence the process of 
growth ; development ; — the extraction of arith- 
metical or algebiaio roote; — series of movemciiUi 
in attack or defence of a body of troops, or of a 
vessel or fleet. 

Evolutionary, (ev^o-ia'abun-ar-e) a. Pertaining 
to evolution. 

Evolve, (e-volv') r. t [h. evotverc] To unfold 
or unroU ; to develop ; — to tlirow out ; to emit ; 
— V. t. To become open, diacloflcd, or dovclujied. 

Evulsion, (e-vurshuu) n. [L. evuUio.} Act of 
plucking or puUing out by force. 

Ewe, (u) 11, [A.-S. eowi'.f L. ovii, Q. ot«, Gael. 
aL] A female sheep. 

Ewer, (a'er) n, [O. Eng. eure.} A pitcher with 
a wide spout t-^a stoneware jug uaou in the bed- 

Ex (eksX A Latin prsiXMition or prefix, Greek 
ex or ekf signifjring out of, out, proosediug Irom, 
of frequent use in compoeitiou. 

EzaoerMte, (egs-as'er-bat) v.t. [L. ex and 
accrbus. ] To render more violent or bitter ; to 
irriteto ; to exasperate ; to increaao tho viuleuoo 
of a disease. 

Exacerbation, (egz-as-cr-bii'shun) n. Act of 
rendering more violent or bitter ; — a ^jeriudical 
increase of violence in a disease. 

Szaot, (egMkf) a. [L. exact m.] Precisely 
agreeing with a standard, a fact, or the truth ; 
— ^formal ; methodical ; punctual :>-etrict ; cor- 
rect; precise. 

Exact, (egz-akf) v. (. To demand authoritatively 
or of right ; to eufbroe ;~-v. ». To practise ex- 

Exaotion, (egz-ak'sbnn) f. Authoritative de- 
mand : extortion ;~tribute ; ux\)ust demand. 

Exactly, (egz-aktle) adv. In an exact manner ; 
ureoiBely; accurately; strictly. 

&actneae, (egs-akt'ues) «. Quality of being 
exact : accuracy : nicety; regularity; punctuality. 

Ssagfwato, (egx-iyi'er-ikt) v.t. [L. ex and 
agffcrare.] To increase or amplify ; to represent 
as greater than truth or justice will warrant; 
—to heighten in colouring or design. 




SKftg^eivtion, (egz-aJ-^r-a'shuD) n. Amplifica- 
tion ; — a repreMntaUon beyond ihe truth ; 

Exut, (egz-awlV) r. t [L. er and altiit.} To raiae 
high :— to elevate in rank, power, or the like ; 
—to magnify ; to extol ;--to lift «p with joy, 
pride, or sacoesB ; to elate ; — to elevate the tone 
of: — to render pure or refined. 

Exaltation, (^z-awlt^'shun) }i. Act of exalting 
or rairing high ; elevation;— refinement or inb- 
tilization of bodies. 

Examinable, (egz-am'in-a-bl) a. Capable of 
investigation or Judicial inquiiy. 

Examination, (egz-am-in-ft'shun) n. The act of 
examining, or the btate of being examined ; a 
careful search, investigation, or inquiry ;— a 
process fbr testing qualification ; — atrial by a law 
or standard ; judicial inquiry ; interrogation of 

Examine, (egzsBimln) v.t. [L. examinart.] To 
try and assay by the appropriate methods or 
tests: — ^to inquire into and determine; to in- 
vestigate the fact, reasons, or claims of: to 
consider the arguments for or the merits of ;— 
to try, as an offendei- ; to test the attainments 
of, as a scholar; to question, as a witness. 

Example, (egz-am'pl) n. [L. exemplum.] A 
Xmrtion taken to show the character of the 
whole ; a sample ; — a pattern or copy ; a model ; 
— ^a warning; a caution; — a precedenl; — an 

Exaq>erate, ( egz - as'per • ftt ) v.t. [L. ez Kad 
€i«perare.] To irritate itf a high degree; to 
enrage ; — to embitter. 

ExaaperatiOB, (egz-as-per-ft'shnn) tt. Act of 
exasperating, or state of being exasperated; 
irritation ; provocation ; violent passion ; rage. 

Exeandeaoenoe, (eks-kan-des'sena) n. A white 
or glowing heat ; heat of passion ; violent anger. 

Excavate, (ekslca-vat) v.t. [L. er, out, and 
cavare.] To hoUow out; to form a cavity or 
hole in. 

ExoaTatioOf (eks-ka-v&'shun) n. Act of excavat- 
ing ; — a hollow formed by removing the interior. 

Exceed, (ek-sSd') v. t. [L. ex and cetlere.] To 
pass or go beyond ; — ^to surpass ; to excel ; — ^i». t. 
To go too far ; to pass the proper bounds ; — ^to 
be more or laner. 

Exoeedini^ or ^ceeedingly, (ek-s8d'ing) adv. Tn 
a very great degree ; imusually; surniBftingly. 

Excel, (ek-sel') v.t. [L. excellerc] To exceed: 
to surpass, especially in good qualities or laud- 
able deeds ; — v. i. To have good qualities in an 
unusual dc^pree ; to surpass others. 

Exoellenoe, (ek'sel-lens) n. [Ij. txcelleniia.^ State 
or auaUty of being excellent ; superiority ; 
worth ; goodness ; purity ; greatness : — an excel- 
lent or valuable qtudity ; — a title of honour. 

Exoellenoy, (ek'sel-len-ee) -n. Valuable qtiality; 
excellence ;— a title of honour given to the 
highest dignitaries of a court or state. 

Exoelleot, (ek'sel-Ient) a. Excellmg or turpaas- 
ing others in virtue, worth, dignity, attain- 
ments, or the like; of great value or use; 
remarkable; distinguished for superior attain- 
ments ;— consummate ; complete. 

Excellently, (ek'sel-lent-le) adv. In an excellent 
manner: exceedingly; transoendently. 

Except, (ek-septO «• ^- [!>> et and capert.\ To 
leave out of any number spedfled ; to exolode ; 
--V. i. To take exception to ; to object. 

Except, (ek-aept') pnp. With exduaion of; 
leaving out; excepting; all bat 

Except, (ek-eepf) conj. Unless ; without that ; 
if it be not ao that ; but that. 
Ezoeptinr, (ek-aept'ing) prtp., bat properly a 
Tparticipit. Witn exception of ; exdnding ; 

Exoeption, (ek-aep'ehun) n. Act of leaving <mt 
fh>m a spedfled number or class; exdoaion 
from the terms of a general nile or podtion ; 
— an ol^ection ; cavil ; — olfenee taken ; resent- 
ment ;— a stop or bar to legal actiaii. 

ExoeptionaUe, (ek-eep'shun-€fc-bl) a. Uable to 
objection; objectionable. 

Exceptional, ( ek-eep'shun-«l ) a. Fanning an 
exception ; giving a case or instance of exemp- 
tion; single; solitary. 

fixoeptive, (^-aept'iv) a. Inclndlng an excep- 
tion; making or being an exception: exoeptioiml. 

Sxoeipt, (ek-SQrpf) v. t. ["L. ex and carper*.] 
To xnake extnicte fhnn; to select ; to eztiact ; 
to cite or dte from. 

Sxoeipt, (ek-a^rpf) ». An extract; a paeaage 
aelected from an author. 

Excess, (ek-aea') ?i. [L. excedere.) Btate of 
surpaasing or going beyond ; auperfluity ; auper- 
abnndance ; — ^transgression of due limits : in- 
dulgence of pasdon or appetite ; videnoe ; 
intemperance ; diadpation ;--aegree or amcmut 
by which one thing or number exoeeda another : 
remainder after subtraction. 

Exoeadve, (ek-aes'iv) a. Marked with, or ex- 
hibiting, exoeaa ; — extreme ; extravagant. 

Exceadvdy, (ek-eeslv-le) adv. In an extreme 

"Rrcnange, (eka-diSi^') r. f. [F. tehantger.} To 
give or take in return for ; to baiter ; — to part 
with for a substitute ;— to interchange ; to give 
and receive redprocolly :—v. i. To be changed 
or recdved in exchange for. 

Exchange, (eks-di&nj') a. Act of giving or taUns 
as an equivalent ; barter ; the act of giving and 
recdving redprocally;— the thing given or re- 
cdved bi return ; ->- the process of aetUin^ 
accounts or debts by drafts, called bilU of 
tTxhangt: — a rule in arithmetic to detennine 
the proportional value of money in dijfcrent 
countries; — the place where the mercbamta. 
broken, and bankers of a dty meet to transact 
business at certain hours. 

Exchangeability, (eks-ch&nj-a-bil'e-te) n. The 
quality or state of bdng exchangeable. 

Exohaafoable, (eka-chai\j'a-bl) a. Otpable of 
being exchanged ; fit or proper to be exchanged. 

Exchequer, (elu-chek'cr)n. [Norm. F. eaeAe^t^.) 
One of the superior oonria of law-- ao called 
from a checkered cloth which formeiiy ooveml 
the table ^— the public treaaory. 

ScoheqiMr, ^eka-ohek'cr) v. t To instltete a 
prooeaa againat a penon in the Ooort of C^> 
chequer. (exciae. 

ExdaaUe, (ek-eue^a^bl) a. Uable, or snl^ect, to 

Sxoiae, (ek-nO ^ SX*- ** ^nd ervdfre.} An in* 
land duty on articles produced 4nd c<msiin»«(i 
in a country;— a tax on Uoenaea to pursue cer> 
tain trades. 

Exoiae, (ek-siz^ v. (. To lay an exdse upon. 

Exdaemaa, fek-aii^man) n. An offloer who ia 
ehaxipd wita oollecting the exdae ; a ganger. 

SxoiaioB, (ek-aiali'un) a. Act of oatting off; 
extirpation ; deatruction ; — exoammutiioatiaa. 

fixoitabOity, (ek-dt4i-UlVteJ n. QoaUty i^ 
being readily exdted ;— ixritability. 

ExdtaMe, (ek-slfa-bl) a. Oapabie of beins 
exdted or rooaed into action. 



lidtiat, (ak-alt'uii) ». A stimnlant. 
hgjtitiwi. («k-«i-tft dxTin) n. Act of roiuliig or 

awakening;— «ct of nroducing excitement. 
lititsti?e, (ek'dt'ftt-iv) a. Having power to 

excite ; tending or nrring to excite. 
Iidte, (ek-«t') v.L To roiue; to call into 

Mtion;— to atimabkta^ as the Tital organe ; — ^to 

uUmate, a* the •pints;— to inflame, as the 


udtOMat, (ek<Blf mant) n . The act of exciting, 

or the itato of betog excited ; agitation ;— that 

^ich exdtei or xotisea. 

Euitiiig, (ek-«t1ng) a. CaUing or roosing into 

ictioQ ; prododng exdtemeut ; stimulating. 
Ixotia^, (ek-siting-le) ado. In an exciting 

SxdBB, (flka-UamO *•*• [L^ <x and elamart.] 

To ei7 oQt from earnestness or passion ; to vod- 

fe»to; to declare loadljr. 
ZxeliastioB, (eks-Uam-A'shnn) n. Act of ex- 

uimiog or making an outcry; — an uttered 

nprasion of sorpnse, joy, and the like ;— on 

iataijaetion :~« mark by which emphatioal 

ntteruue is marked, thus [ ! ]. 
hriiMitofy, (eks-klnm'a-tor-e) a. Containing, 

opnadng, or using exclamation. 

Sxdsds, (eks-klQd') v,L [L. ex and elaudere.} 

To thrast oat or ^eot ; — to hinder from entrance 

or sdmisiioa; to debar firom participatiou or 

t<V9yiiMnt:>-to except. • 

utiuiaa, (eks-klO'shun) n. Act of excluding 

orof timurtingont. 

nrHiBWiirt. (eks-klQ^xhnn-ist) u. Onawho 

vcQld ezdude another from some prlTilege. 
udsivs, (eks-klQ'siT) a. Having the power 

ei forUdiing entianoe ; denying admission :— 

^s^nning th)m partSci^tion : — possessed or 

a>>>7«d, ss a pxiriloge denied to othen; — 

'^ct: ftstidioua 

uibiifs^ (eks-kl&'siv) n. One of a coterie who 

netBos othexs ; an exdusionist. 

tt^BTsly, (ek»-Ua'siT-le) adv. InU manner 

to exdaoA. [quality of being exdusive. 

^ctanvmu, ( eks • Ua'dr - neO n. Htate or 
flNfitils, (sk».koJlt-&t) V. (. (U ex and cogi- 

'xr»l To think oat: to disoover by thinking: 
JacQotriTe; to invent. 

''cpptatisa* ( eks-koj-it-n'shun ) n. Act of de- 
J[*|^ in the thoughts: oootrivanoe; discovery, 
'^'"unuiieats, (eks-kom-ma'ne-kat) v.t. [L. 

^ *aA commnnicare.] To expd from the com- 

timm. of the dmxoh by an ecclesiastical 

•artmee ; to deprive of spiritual privileges. 
"gsimnTrieate, (eks-kom-mQ'ne-kat) a. Cut off 

racommunion witn the churob. 
'TWiiiwiieation, (eks-kom-mCi-ne-k&'shnn) n. 

Act of exdusion frxmi the fellowship of the 

(fcvcfa;— ^odesiastical interdict of two kinds— 

"'^ exoommuxiication, debarring frt>m tlie 

^^iciwist ; gnater, total exdsion from the 

tttiudi; anathema. 

^["viate, (eka-kd're*&t) v.t (L, ex and eoritim.] 

To strip or wear off the akin of; to abrade ; to 

all: to flay. 
^'viitisa, (eka-ko-re-i'shnn) n. The act o 

Saying: the state of being stripped of the skin. 
'"nnu^ (eksloC-ment) n, [L. er and ceinere. ] 

^Mtgrowth from the snrfiice of the body, as 

^ bur and nails ; — matter excreted and 

*l^^ ; alvhM diKhaiges. 

''^mmM, (ekB-ki«-ment'aI) a. Pertaining 

1^ or of the natare of excrement ; ejected f^m 



(eks-kre-men-tish'e-us) a. Per- 
taining to or containing excrement. 

Exoreaoenoe, (eks-kres'ens) ». An outgrowth ; — 
a protubeianoe growing on any part of the 
body, as a wart; — an unnatural enlai^gement 
of a plant ; — any preternatural production ; — a 
supenluous and troublesome pai-t. 

Bxioeaoent, (eks-kres'ent) a. [U ex and cregcere.] 
Growing out in a preternatural or morbid 

Bxerete, (eka-krSt') v. t. To discharge fhmi tha 
body aa useless ; to ^ect. 

ExozvtiMi, (eks-kre'ahun) n. The act of throwing 
off effete matter from the animal system ;— 
that which is excreted : excrement. 

Excretive or Excretory, (eks-krut'iv) a. Having 
the quality of excreting or throwing off excrs- 
mentitious matter. 

Excretory, (eks'ki6-tor-e) n. A duct or vessel that 
serves to receive secreted matter and eject it. 

Exomdate, (>ks-kT60'she-at) v.t. (L. ex and 
cruciare.] To inflict most severe pain upon; 
to torture : to torment. -^ 

Excruciation, (eks-krod-she-a'sbun) n. Act of 
inflicting extreme pain ; torture ; torment 

Exculpate, (dcs-kul^at) v. t. [L. ex and cK//xr,] 
To dear from the charge or imputation of fault 
or guilt ; exonerate : absolve ; justify. 

Exculpation, (eks-kul-pa'ahuu) h. The act of 

Exonlpatozy, (eks-kul'pa-torH)) a. Able to dear 
from the diarge of fault or guilt ; excusing. 

Excursion, (eks-kur'shun) ik [L. excur»io.] A 
setting out from some pdut : on expedition ; — 
a trip for pleasure or health i—a wanderiug 
from a subject : digression. • 

Exouraionist, (eks-kur'shiiu-ist) ». One who 
goes on an excursion. 

Kcouraive, (eks-kur'siv) a. Prone to make 
excursions; wandering; rambling; exploiing. 

Ezcuraivdy, (eks-kiir'siv-le) adv. In an excursive 
manner: at random. 

Exoursiveaeaa, (cks-kur'siv-nes) n. A disposi- 
tion to wander or pass the usuaI limit*. 

Excusable, (eks-kuz'a-bl) a. Capable of bdng 
excused; pardonable;— admitting of justiflca- 
tion. [manner ; pai^nablv. 

ExoosaUy, (eks-kfis'a-ble) adv. In an excnsable 

Excusatory, (eks-kflz'a-tor-e) a. Making excuse ; 
containing or admitting excuse or apology. 

Exottse, (eks-k&z^ t*. t. [L. ex and eaumri.] To 
tmo from accusation, fault, or blame ; to ])udoo, 
as a Ikult; — to regard with indulgence; to 
overlook ; — to free from obligation or duty ; 
to remit :— to ask pardon or iudulgence for -.-^ 
to vindicate. * 

Excuse, (eks-kiisO n. Act of excusing, ap>l<>- 
cizing, releasing, and the like ;— a plea offered 
in extenuation of a fault ; apolc^y. 

Execrable, (eks'e-kra-bn a. Deserving to be 
execrated; veiy hatefiil: detestable; abomin- 
able. r<lotestably ; abominably. 

Execrably, (eks'e-kra-ble) adv. Cursedly; 

Exeorate, (eks'd-kriLt) v. t. [L. ex and sacer.] To 
denounce evil against ; to imprecate evil upon ; 
— to abhor; to abominate. 

Execration, (eks-e-kr&'shun) n. ^ Act of cursing ; 
a curse pronounced ; imprecation of eviL 

Exeeute, (eks'e-kllt) v.t. [L. ex and sequi.] To 
follow through to the end ; to carry into efiect ; 
to finidi ;— to complete a deed ;— to give effect 
to ; — ^to inflict capital punishment on ; — ^to per- 
form, as a piece of muac ; — r. i. To perform an 




olfioe or duty; to pioduoe an effect;— to plaj 
ou a luusic&l inatniment. 

ExeoutioOf (eka-e-kfl'ehan) n. The act of 
executing ; performanoe ; aocompliahment ; — act 
of carrying out the sentence of a court ; legal 
distraint for debt, Ac. ;— death inilicted by 
law ;— act of signing and sealing a legzil instm- 
meut ; — I^al warrant;— destnictiou ; slaughter; 
— style of jierformanoe in music and other works 
of art. 

Exeontionar, (oks-e-kQ'shnn-er) n. One who 
executes ; en pedal! y^ one who carries Into effect 
a sentence of doatlL. 

Executive, (egz-ek'ut-iT) a. Having power to 
execute or perform ; active ;— putting the laws 
iu force ; carrying into execution. 

Executive, (egz-elnit-iv) iu The officer, whether 
king, president, or other magistTate, who 
8ui)erintouds the execution of the laws;— the 

Exeeotar, (egs-ek'dt-fr) n. [L.] Onewhoexe- 
outei or performs ; — ^tbe ])or8ou apix>inted by a 
testator to execute his will or to see it carried 
into effect after his decease. 

Executonhipf (egs-ek'dt-cr-ehip) n. The office of 
an executor. 

Exeoutoxy, (egz«ek'a-tor-e) a. Performing 
official duties; — designed to be carried into 

Executrix, (egz-ek'fl-triks) n. A female appointed 
by a testator to execute his will. 

Exegesis, (eks-e-Jo'sis) it. [Q. from exSgeifthai.] 
Exposition: explanation; interpretation, <;«- 
fy^ciatly, of the Iloly fjcriptures. 

Exegetioal, (eks-e-Jot'ik-al) <i. Pertaining to 
exegesis ; explanatory ; expository. 

Exemplar, (egz-em'pUr) «u [L.] A model, 
urigiual, or pattern, to be copied or imitated. 

Exemplarily, (egz*em'pla-re-le) adc. By way 
of example. 

Exemplary, (egz-em'pla-rs) a, [L. exemplar.] 
Acting as an exemplar ; serving as a i)attem or 
model; commendable; corsiyIououb. 

Exemplifloatioa, (egz-em-ple-fe-kil'sbun) n. 
Act of exemplifying ; — a copy ; a transoript ; — an 
instance ; a case in point 

Exemplify, (egz-em'pleofi) v. f. [L. eremplum 
and facere.\ To show or illustrate by example ; 
— to copy. 

Exempt, (egz-emf) v. t. [L. eximerej] To take 
out or ftom; to release; to grant immunity 
from ; to privilege. 

Exempt, (egt-waX) a. Takeii out ; not included; 
clear ; — tree from ; not subject to ; privileged. 

Exemption, (egz-em'shun) n. Act of exempting ; 
state of being exempt. 

Exequy. (eka'e-kwa) n. \L. exnrquu'\ A funeral 
rite ; the oeiemonies of burial : — generally pi. 

Exennae, (eks'cr-elz) n. [L. «x, and arctrc] Act 
of exorcising ; labour ; work ; activity ;— con- 
tinued exertion ; employment ; application ; 
use :— habitual exertion ; performance* prac- 
tice; — bodily exertion for tne sake of health ; 
— trial : training ; discipline ;— mental applica- 
tioa ; task ; lesson ;— <lischarge of official trust 
or duty ; employment of official power ;— public 
or private act of divine worship. 

Exercise, (eks'f rniiz) v. t. To put in motion ; to 
exert ; to engage ; to use or employ, as power or 
authority ; — to practise ; to discipline ; —-to 
occupy : to task ;— to vex ; to afflict :— ir. t. To 
take exerciM ; to use action or exertion. 

Exert, (egz-erf) v.U [L. er and sercre.] To put 
forth, as strength or ability ; to bring into active 
operation ;— to strain ; to strive. 

Exertion, (egz-cr'shuu) ». Act <tf exerting; effort; 

Exfobata, (ekfr-fble-at) v. u {L. ex and folittin,'\ 
To separate and oome off in aoaies , to beoomtt 
converted into scales at the surface, as minende. 

Exfoliation, (eks-f&-le-il'shun) ». The scaling off 
of a bone, a rock, or a mineraL 

Exhalation, (eks-hal-iTshun) «. The act or pro- 
cess of exhaling ; evaporation :— that which is 
exhaled ; ftune or steam ; efttuvium ;— meteoric 

Exhale, (egz-hilO v. t [h. ex and halare.] To 
emit, as vapour ; to send out, as an odour :— 
to evaporate ;-Hy. i. To rise or be given off, aa 

Ezhanst, (egz-hausf) v.U [L. ex Uid haurirr.] 
To draw out completely ;— to empty by drawing 
out;— to use, employ, or. expend antiiely; to 
consume; to wear out; to weary. 

Exhanst, (^x-hausf) a. Drained : exhausted ; 
having expended or lost its energy. 

Sxhanstibls, (egx-hanst'e-bl) «. GapaUo of 
being exhausted. 

B^Kfiif^imt, (sgz.haust'yun) n. The act of draw- 
ing off or emptying ; creation of a vacauni ;— 
the state of neing drained or emptied; — ^lassi- 
tude*; weariness. 

Sxhaiutlve, (egx-hanstiv) a. Serving or tend- 
ing to exhaust [hausted ; ineiuiausiible. 

Ezhaasttess, (egz-hanstlee) a. Not .to be ex- 

Exhibit, (egx-hib'it) v. t. [L. ex and habere.) To 
hold forth or present to view ; to show ; to dis- 
play ;--to present in a public or offloial man- 
ner ;— to administer Is a remedy. 

Exhibit, (egz-hib'it) n. Anv paper prodnoed or 
presented as a voucher, or in proof of ftcta. 

&Lhibition, (eks-he-bish'un) n. Aet of exhibit- 
ing; manifestatiou ;-— production of titles or 
other legal documents in evidence ; — any public 
displsy, as of works of art, Ac ; 8ho*w of fetite 
or dexterity ; — ^benefiution for the maintenance 
of scholars at a university ;~tlie act of ad- 
ministering a remedy. 

Exhibitioner, (eks-he-bish'un-er) n. In English 
universities one who has a pension or allowance. 

Exhfbttoiy, (e^-hife-tor-e) a. 8hois-ing; dis- 
pla^ng ; setting out to view. 

Ty^hi'niitt, (egz-hil'ai^at) v. t. [L. ex and hUariK') 
To make cheerftxl or merry : to enliven : to in- 
spire ; to animate ; — v. t. To become choerfnl 
or joyous. 

Exhilaratioa, (egz-hil-ar-a'shun) n. Aet of 
enlivening the spirits or of making ghtd or 
cU^rf ul ;— JoyfUlue» : gladness; cheerfUluts>s ; 

£dkoit, (egx-hortO v. t (L. ex and kortarL] To 
incite by words or advice : to advise, warn, i«r 
caution ;— v. i. To deliver exhortation. 

EaJiortation, (eks-hort-fl'shun) n. Act or pnio 
tice of exhorting; incitement ;—l&ngaage in- 
tended to incite and encourage; advice; oounwL 

ExhortatiTe or Exhcitatory, (eg<-hort1kt-iv) *.. 
Containing, or serving for, exnortation ; horta- 

•Rrliinw^t^*?", (eks-hil-mft'shun) n. Act of ex- 
huming ; the disintenneut of a oorpse. 

Exhume, (eks-hOm') v. f. [L. ex and Avinv' ] 
To dig up, as from a grave ; to dlahiter ; to 

Szigenoe or Esigfney, (eks'e-Jens) n, Btate of 


riuii,) Eaipijinf: diprtTntion: dMtilntikiiL 
ll«.(i,I-i«lr.i. ([,. iz ud liiEn^l Tob«; 
uktnieiulbaiDg mUeiul or ipiiltiul :— to 

I^MM (•(»Mr«u) R. Bedng: entltT^-itate 

fcilM. ((^-iit'nit) 0. HkTliig buing or 
ba<iki1t) Ik (Ixerindirr.l Agoingoat: 

[0. tit ind gtntiliai,] 


I'V. tiUMa) n. 
i [iut knuig diatl 
•ni luk, ud irith, t 
'«■! tnoim ■ Unr I 
"•■ tiiTiSir t<n>, K 

"MiWra. or bl«me MttlngoB OB 
W I1.IBU17 or rspon^UUtT. 

, , ^ . . , . , .. ..ct of ftMing 

™ » eliun or impntMion:— tho M ' 

'■H^JborimJ or ftved rrom iduirge. 

■unUsm, («-Dr'd 
Bflginiiing of uij 

uid GompteiuDdod 
oppoHd w fwfmr. 
Kutu, (.giHiMli) 0. [G. frtf.t™.) lutrodiicsl 

ImB". <eBH)«li) II. 'Any thing' rf"f^ian 
origin, u ■ plut, a votU, n nasloni, tt. 

Sipud, (elu-iWHl') r. I. |L. lu: luiil pninfrrr.] 
To lay opsn ; to iprtod ; — to uiak4 larger ; 10 

dilfttfl; todittaiid; Iafi\t«iid; (odiflbK; r. i. 

Tv booorue opeiied, diHt^ndnl, or eiUarged 

ZxpoH, (alu-piini') R. ThBlwhlthweipnndHl; 
» wide extent of ipoc* or body; tho flrmnment. 

being expanded. 
Siriuuibfe, (ekt-puu'e-bll 

(eln-iifm^bmi) 11. Act of e 
ion of bsiiig eipondfll 1 d 
(el»-p»n»'lY) n. Sarving It 

^W.a«fatagmoT«JbT mtn 

_. — /.<egi-orliit*ii>)ii. .A 

|™l>>e)OTdtk«utul limits ti«ice,anDniolt7; 
™~ m : dninllon (ram nils or right 

' — ^s^j;- £l — 

Hhat,^; h»Tin„ ^_..., „ „ 

^^Huinneu, {elu-puu'iV'nBa} h. Qiuditj td 

SxpattUa. (ek>-t«'ihs-fit) ci. [L. n and 

$paiitaK.\ ToinoTeatJ«igo:Kiwand«wltl»ut 

ratniot ;— lo •nlarji la diacoam or nriliiig ; 

todetcant. (eipatiatiD:. 

BxpMlMlai, (ski-pil-tfas-a'ihiiti) N. Act of 
Xxiatriato. (olie-patre-at) r. r. (L mtid ymrn'u 

OttJwmJ.] To baniifa ; nBoilTslj, lo recpova 

(eki-pa-tra-t'ehnn) n. Tbe Kt, of 

SxpHt, (elu-pekf) r. 

upHtaaey. (Bki-pflkt'&i^-K) il Act m 

teki-pelit'ant) n. One wbo ir 

d^ndlDg uiion the bappeiung of Bonia iin 

SipMnaL (ek^peVto-nnt) a. Tmding 
pnimole diachnrgra fyom the Innm or tliioal 
Sapefllnnat, {eka-pek'lo-ni 

XnHtotatln, (aka^k-to-iA'ihoD) n. Tlia id 
of eipectoniting,— that which ia eipecioratai, 
■apMtsratJn, <eV-pgk'U-iit-li)n. HaringUia 




Snedieiiej, (eki-pe'de-en-ae) n. State or quality 

of being expedient : — fitneas or eoitablenen ; — 
propriety in tiie particalar oircumstanoes ; — 
urgency; baste. 

Expedient, (eks-pB'de-ent) «. [L. expedirc] 
Hastening forward ; tending to further a pn>' 
poeed object ; eoiteble ; proper under the cir- 
cnmatanoos; profitable; useful. 

Expedient, (eks-pe de-ent) n. Suitable means to 
aooompUsh an end ; — ^means devised or emplopred 
in an exifauoy ; oontrivanoe : resource : deTioe. 

Sxpedientty, (eks-pe'd»-ent-le) adv. With ex- 
peidience; suitably. 

Expedite, (eks'pd-dit) v.t. {L. expfdire.] Tb 
free from nindranoe or obstabde ; to quicken ; — 
to send forth with haste ; to push or hurry on, 
as an official messenger or warlike expedition. 

Expedition, (eks-pe-dish'un) n. Efficient prompt- 
ness ; haste ; speed ;— an enterprise or under- 
taking ;— the despatch of an army or fleet with 
hostile intent ; — the daspatoh of a body of men 
with needftil aids for exploration, scientific 
discovery, ^ ; the veasels or men sent forUi for 
such purposes. 

Sxpeditiona, (eks-I)e-dish'e-us) a. Speedy; hasty; 
quickly done; — ^nimble: active: ready; alert. 

Expeditiottsly, (eks-pe-diah'e-ua-le) adv. With 
celerity or despatch. 

Expel, (eks-per) v.t. [L. ex and pellere.] To 
dnve out ; to eject ; — to banish ; — to keep out ; 
to exclude. 

Expend, (eks-pend') v.L [L. ex and vendere,] 
To lay out; to disburse; to consume; to oinipateL 

Expenditure, (eks-pend'e-tur) n. Act of expend- 
ing ; disbursement ;— that which is expended ; 
expense; cost; outlay. 

Expense, (eks-pens^ n. Act of expending; dis- 
biirsement ; outlay :~that which is expended ; 
cost; charge. 

Expanaive, ^eks-pens^iv) a. Oooasioning ex- 
pense ; costly ; dear ;— given to expense ; very 
liberal ; lavish ; extravagant ' 

Expensively, (eks-pens'iv-le) adv. With great 
expense. [being expensive. 

Expenaivenesa, (eka-pens'iv-nes) n. Quality of 

Eacperienoe, (eks-pe'n»-ens) ti, [L. experin.] Act 
of proving; frequent experiment: — personal 
proof or trial ; — ^knowledge gained by trial or 
practice;— iMrsonal suffering of ; endiuanoei 

Experience, (eks-p6'ro-ens) v.t. To try; to 
prove ; — ^to know by personal trial ; — ^to suffer. 

KEparienoed, (eks-pd're<eust) a. Taught by expe- 
rience, or by practice or repeated observationa 

Experiment, (eks-pcr'e-ment) 11. [L. erperi- 
vuHtuM.] A trial deliberately instituted ; prac- 
tical test : proof. 

Entriment, (eks-pQr'e-ment) v. t. To make trial 
of; — to test ; to prove by trial or test 

Experimental, (eks-i)Qr-e-ment'al) a. Pertaining 
to experiment ; founded, derived from, or 
affording expariment;— tauj^t by experience;— 
known by personal trial. 

Sneiimentaliat, (eks-per-e-ment'al-ist) n. One