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ig^^3.^ -(S^.f^-in^. 

I^ailiarti College l^t&rars 



Widow of Col. Jamrs Warren Sever, 
(OlA«« of \%Vt\ 

h» ^ 




Notes and Queries. 

VOL. V. 






Notes and Queries, 

An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the 
History and Antiquities of Gloucestershire. 

Vires acquirit eundo. 

Volume V. 1 891- 1893. 



London : SiMPKiiv, MARSHALL, Hamilton, Kent, & Co., Limited. 

Bristol : William GEOkOR's Sons and J. Fawn k Son. 

Gloucester: Davies & Son. Stroud: John White. 

Chelienham: Gastrell & Son. Cirencester: Bailrt & Son. 

Dursley : Whitmorr & Son. Tewkesbury: North. 




THE fifth volume of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries extend- 
ing, like its predecessors, over a period of three years, is 
now completed. Fifteen years have passed by since the late 
Mr. Blacker commenced the work in the Stroud Journal^ and 
Gloucestershire antiquaries owe not a little to his industry and 
foresight in providing them with a magazine which has preserved 
for future use much that is of real value in the history of this 

The intended "slight changes" referred to by Mr. Blacker 
in his last preface were introduced with the commencement of 
this volume, and the Editor hopes the improved style of type 
and the free use of illustrations have, in Mr. Blacker's words, 
" tended to the increased value and improved appearance of the 
volume and to the convenience of the reader." 

The assistance given by those supporters of the magazine who 
have contributed either "notes," "queries," or "replies" to its 
pages must be gratefully acknowledged. Special thanks, too, are 
due to Mr. Ralph Neville and Mr. B. C. Dexter for the 
illustrations which they have from time to time supplied. 

For the sixth volume the Editor will be glad to receive the 
names of fresh contributors, and he would also add of fresh 
subscribers. Thereon rests much of the future success of the 

124, Chancery Lane, W. P. W. P. 




In Memoriam, 

Rev. Beaver H. Blacker, M. A. i 

The Camps of Ostorious . 4 

Notes about Uley ... 6 
Place Rimes . . .12 
The Robins Family . .13 

Sundial Mottoes • I3 

Notes on the Trotman Family . 14 

Notes about Dursley ... 28 

The Father of Robert Fitzharding 31 

An old Tobacco Song . 32 
Notes about Westbury-on-Sevem 

Centenarians • • • • 33 

The Great Storm of 1703 . . 34 
The Sheriff of Gloucestershirep 

'644-5 36 

General Sir H. E. Longden . 37 

The Gloucestershire Shakesperes 39 
Anglo-Saxon Charters, A.D. 947- 

966 40 

John Smyth's House at Nibley . 41 

Morality Plays at Gloucester . 42 

Gloucestershire Wills . . 44 

Frocester Chapel ... 47 

Beverston Church ... 50 
Crnmhall Church, Nicholas Hicks* 

Monument • S^ 
Queries and Replies, 

Window Family . . • 5 1 

Bristol Corporation . . 52 

The Lloyds of Gloucester . 52 

Somers Family • • • 53 

Uley 53 

Washbom Family ... 54 

Coin with Seal • • • 54 

The Smytti Manascripts. . 54 

Holy Wells, etc. ... 54 
Book Notices. 

Frocester Chapel ... 59 

Star Chamber Proceedings . 60 

Extracts from Uley Registers . 64 

Chained Books .... 67 

Gloucestershire Seals . . 68 

Stroud Vestry Minute Book . 69 

Nonconformity at Cam . . 71 


The Earldom of Berkeley . . 72 
Notes on the Trotman Family . 76 
Ream's C!(^lections ... 84 
Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls . 85 
The Gloucestershire Shakesperes 89 
Extracts from the Hawkesbury 

Registers .... 90 
The Family of Williams of Wotton- 

under-eage .... 92 
Excerpts from Old Magazines . 96 
Gloucestershire Wills. . . 98 
Bailiffs of Dursley . . .102 
Uley Old Church . . .103 
The Merrett Family ... 106 
Merchants* Marks • . .107 

Queries and Replies, 

Sir Orlando Bridgeman . . 109 
John Castle .... 109 
Britton or Breton . . 109 

Gloucestershire Beacons. . 11 o 

Westbury-on-Sevem . .110 

The Arundel Family .110 

Sir Francis Popham . .111 

The Washbom Family . . in 

On the Origin of the Surname of 

Stiff 113 

Notes on the Trotman Family 

f Continued f . . . - 1 23 
Military Ajssessment on the 

Gloucestershire Clergy . .126 
Noies on the Parish Registers of 

Kempsford . . • 132 

The Deightons of Gloucester . 135 
South Ceraey Church . . 1 36 
Notes about Lemington . '137 
Gloucestershire Justices of the 

Peace 142 

The Browning Family . .146 
Merestone at Dursley. . • 147 
Gloucestershire Wills . • '47 
Cam Independent Chapel . .156 
A Gloucestershire Superstition . 157 

Queries and Replies, 

The Oliver Family . . .158 
Grumbald*s Ash Hundred . 160 
Castle i6c 



The Lloyds of Gloucester 
An Old Tobacco Song 
Riots in Dean Forest 
Gloucester Cathedral 
The Window Family 
Durslev Parish Register 
The Rudhall Family 
Oliver Family 
Book Notices. 





House at Chipping Sodbury 

The Decrease in the Rural Popu- 
lation 172 

The Seal of Langley Hundred . 

Musical Epitaphs 

The Earldom of Berkeley . 

Banners in Hawkesbury Church. 

Old Tombstone at Alraondsbury 

The Origin of the Surname of 
Stiff (Continued) . 

Gloucestershire Deeds 

The Burial Place of Robert, 
Duke of Normandy 

Aston Subedge 

The Highest Point in Gloucester- 

Gloucestershire Church Res- 
torations .... 

Old Stained Glass in (iloucester- 

Memorandum from an Old Prayer 

A Uley Anecdote 

Notes on the Trotman Family 
f Continued) .... 

Ashelworth Clergy and their 
Families .... 

The Manor of Uley . 

Queries and Replies, 

An Old Tobacco Song . .212 
Chester and Howard . .214 

Book Notices. . . .214 

Uley Barrow or Hetty Peglcr's 
Tump 219 

Will or Richard Clutterbuck of 
Eastington, A.D., 1583 . . 229 

The Family of Longden . . 230 

Notes on the Trotman Family 

(Continued) . . 234 

The Family of Dimock, of Rand- 
wick and Stonehouse . 240 

The Origin of the Surname of 
Stiff rConduded) . . .249 

The Colchester Family . .251 

The Jenkinson Monuments in 
Hawkesbury Church . . 252 








Queries and Replies, 
The Highest Point in Gloucester- 
shire 260 

Rev. John Pincke, Chaplain 

of New College . . . 260 
Chad well . . . .261 

Player 261 

Crowley Family . . . «6i 
George of Baunton. . . 262 
Book Notices. 

House at Chipping Sodbury . 266 
Remains of Hawkesbury Manor 

House . . . ' . . 267 
The Pauncefote Family . . 268 
Magazine Excerpts . . . 269 
The Dimocks of Gloucester . 269 
Gloucestershire Wills. . -271 
Abraham Rudhall, of Gloucester 272 
The Medieval Stiffs of Hawkes- 
bury 273 

Notes on the Trotman Family 

(Continued) .... 283 

Lawlessness on the River Severn 301 

Queries and Replies, 

Hodges of Shipton Moyne . 305 

Churchman of Aust . . 305 
King Stanley Stocks, Owlpen 

Stocks . . . .306 

Yea mans of Bristol . . 307 

Gloucester Return, 1 278. . 308 

Cirencester M.P.'s, 1640-53 . 308 

Infant Baptism . . .310 

Book Notices . . . .311 

The Story of Gloucestershire .313 
Report on the Public Records, 

1801 319 

Longevity at Sandhurst, . •321 
1 he Stage in Gloucestershire . 321 
The Oliver Family . . 322 

Tewkesbury Abbey . . -325 
Remarkable Epitaphs . . 327 
Sacrilege in Gloucester Cathedral, 

1798 327 

American Searches in England . 328 

Will of Robert Clutterbuck, 1 563 329 
Gloucestershire Wills . -331 

Notes on the Trotman Family . 334 

Newington Bagpath Church . 345 

Gloucestershire Deeds . . 346 

Queries and Replies, 

Hodges Family . . •35' 
Whitney P'amily . . . 352 
Church Sundials . . . 352 
Stubbs 352 





Cottle Family . . . 352 
Atkyns' Gloucestershire . -352 
Hanis of Uley . . . 354 
Bristol and Carmarthen . '354 
Tax on Registers . . . 354 
John Bull and Gloucestershire 355 
The Highest Point in Gloucester- 
shire 355 

Cam Long Down . . . 355 

Se3rmour, of Frampton Cotterel 356 

Glass Making in Gloucestershire 357 

Book Notices. . . .357 

Brief Notes on Nympsfield 

Rectory 361 

Gloucestershire Wills (Continued) 365 
Frocester Marriage Registers, 

1559-1800 . . . .368 
The Family of Clotterbuck . 379 
Coaley Parish Registers . . 393 

Queries and Replies, 

I. each and us, . . . 397 

Vizard 398 

Book Notices. . . . 399 

Uley Old Church . . .401 
Frocester Marriage Registers . 404 
Slander at Hawkesbury . .412 
The General Election of 1892 .412 
White Hart, Uley . . .413 
Gloucester City Wall . . 413 

Leonard Stanley Bells . -415 
A Bristol Beggar of the last 

Century 416 

Gloucestershire Wills. .416 

Communication between London 

and Gloucestershire in 1 8 10 . 418 
The Smvths of Nibley . . 420 
A Jewish Tragedy at Gloucester 423 
The Family of Clutterbuck . 426 
Report on the Public Records . 428 
Gloucestershire Marriages, 1774- 

1776 . ^ . ,• • . • 429 

The Moustache and Beard m 

Gloucestershire . . . 430 

Yeaman's Family . . .431 

The Family of Arrowsmith . 432 
Tetbury in 1779 and 1820 . 
Old Magazine Extracts 

Queries and Replies, 
Southam Family . . . 440 
Chamberlayne of Oddington . 440 
The Saxons in Gloucestershire 441 
Sundials . . -441 

Green Surname . . '441 
Window Family . . .442 

' 438 


Ludlow of Chipping Sodbury 443 

Stubbs or Stubbes . . . 445 

Clifford and Gibbes . . 446 

Book Notices. . . . 446 

Inscriptions in Leckhampton 
Churchyard .... 

Fragments of Old Gloucester 

The Family of Clutterbuck 

A Worked Flint Weapon . 

The Thome Grammar School . 

The Medieval Stiffs of Hawkes- 

Maisemore Bells 

Frocester Marriage Registers . 

Oldbury-OD -Severn Church Font 

The Barony of Berkeley . 

Church Restorations (Continued) 

Queries and Replies 

Portraits of the Stephens Family 
Theyer Family 

Stephens of Frocester and 

Eastington .... 

The Trotmans of Winchcombe 

Book Notices. 





Hawkesbury Church . . . 499 
County Record Offices . .501 
The Divided Parishes. . . 504 
Recollections of Cooper's Hill 

Wake 506 

Tewkesbury Politics in 1753 . 509 
Family of Clutterbuck (Continued) ^i i 
Church Restorations (Continued) 513 
Coaley Register Extracts 

(Concluded J . . . .517 
Discovery of a Roman Camp . 518 
The Strange Disappearance of 

Benjamin Bathurst . . . 519 
The Barony of Hawkesbury . 524 

Avening 526 

An Early Dursley Deed . . 526 
Archaeological Discovery in 

Gloucester .... 530 

Queries and Replies 

The Lloyds of Gloucester . 532 
Painswick .... 533 

Book Notices. . . .533 

Brasses at St. John's Gloucester 537 
Beverstone .... 545 

Family of Clutterbuck (Continued) 547 
Gloucestershiie Wills. . , 561 
The Divided Parishes. . . 566 
Book Notices. . . . 570 



Rev. Beaver H. Blacker Front 

Uley Bury 7 

Nasse Court, Cam 17 

Longden Arms 37 

Frocester Chapel 58 

Uley Church 103 

^Merchants Marks 105-109 

Merestone at Dur^ey 147 

House at Chipping Sodbury 1 70 

The Seal of Langley Hundred 174 

Seal of Edward Trotman 208 

Hetty Pegler's Tump 219 

House at Chipping Sodbury 266 

Remains of Hawkesbuiy Manor House . .266 

The Steps, Lower Cam 299 

The Stocks, King Stanley and Owlpen . . . .306 

Bookplate of Samuel Trotman .... to face 335 

Portrait of Canon Trotman 340 

Portrait of John Trotman .... to face 342 

Syston Court in 1709 to face 338 

Clolh mark of Clutterbuck 381 

The Court House, King Stanley ... to face 383 

Townsend, Leonard Stanley .... to face 383 

Uley old Church 401 

White Hart, Uley 4,3 

Parish Chest, King Stanley 456 

Oldbury Font • . . . 487 

Hawkesbury Church, interior 498 

Hawkesbury Church to face 500 

Hawkesbury Church qoi 

Seal of Thomas Davis 529 

Brass at St. John's, Gloucester 538 

...... 545 


Care must be taken to fix the detached plates opposite their 

proper pages as in the preceding list. 


Page I o, line 1 8, for wife read dau. 

„ 95, line 38, for Dubley read Dudley. 

„ III, line 38, for Charles read Amedee Fran9ois 

,, 168, line (i^ for 1782 read 1872. 

„ 184, line 15, for Siifinc read Stifinc. 

„ 184, line 18, /2>rsuch r(fa(/ which. 

„ 281, line 1 2, for 1460 read 1469. 

,, 283, line i9,yi>red read eX. 

„ 343, line 31, for 1808 read 181 3, also alter date 
1808 in Portrait to 1813. 

„ 343, line 37, for Portman read Porter. 

„ 356, line i^yfor Ceymour read Seymour. 

„ 389, line 34, for Buffe read Cuffe. 

,, 434, last line for Pidd read Ridd. 

„ 435, lines 3 and i^^for Pidd read Ridd. 

„ 493, line 15, for Registry read Register. 

„ 527, line 39, for Prjxe read Pacye. 


Aiii- r, IP,-. 

Vol. v.. 

Pari I. 


Notes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the 
History and Antiquities of Gloucestershire. 


W. p. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

" We do save and reco^'er somewhat from the deluge of time*' 



In Memoriatn. 
Beaver H. Blacker, M.A. 

The Camps of Ostorius, 
Notes about Uley, 
Place Rimes, 
The Robins Family, 
Sundial Mottoes, 
Notes on the Trotman Family, 
Notes about Dursley, 
The Father of Robert Fitzharding, 
An old Tobacco Song, 
The Great Storm of 1703, 
General Sir H. E. Longden, 
The Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1644-5, 
Notes about Weethnrv.nn-Sevem 

Anglo-Saton Charters, A.D. 947-9O6, 
John Smyth's House at Nibley, 
Morality Plays at Gloucester, 
Gloucestershire Wills, 
Frocester Chapel, 
Beverston Church, 
Cromhall Monuments, 


Window Family. 
The Lloyds of Gloucester, 
Somers Family, 

Washbom Family, 
Cr)in with Seal, 
The Smylh Manuscripts, 
Holy Wells, etc., 
Book Notices. 

i/.~ «-, HAMrLTON. Kent & Co., Limited, 

23. Paternoster Row, E.C. 
.«/» , ., .^^.«M George's Sons, and J. Fawv & Son. 
_._»riEs & Son. Stroud: John White. Cheltenham : Gastrell & Son. 
. T>..,,, tf- o. ~ f^^ . Whitmork & Son. Tewkesbury: North. 

Subscription^ 5^. dd, post free. 


In issuing the first number of the New Serifs, the Editor wishes to apologise to 
the reader for the unavoidable delav which has taken place in its publication. 

It will be observed that several improvements and modifications have been adopted, 
notably in the use of new type and the introduction of illustrations. Many of the 
changes now made were contemplated by Mr. Blacker, and discussed by him with the 
present Editor, who ventures to hope that past supporters of the magazine will approve 
of them, and that new ones will thereby be induced to add their names to the list of 

The next part of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries will be ready in May. 

SUBSCRIPTIONS for 1891 are now due, and the amount, 5s. 6d., should be at 
once remitted to the Editor, 124, Chancery Lane, London, by means of a postal order 
payable at Chancery Lane. 

Q^o^icee to Correeponiente anb ^uBecriBere. 

CONTRIBUTIONS relating to the district, whether literary or artistic, are 
invited from all who are interested in Gloucestershire. The Editor will welcome any 
notes, queries, or replies, and any photographs and sketches relating to the district. 

Contributions should, as far as possible, consist of original matter only. 

All communications should be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. 
The signatures of contributors are appended, unless a wish to the contrary may have 
been expressed. 

Correspondents are requested not to make use of any contractions in their tran- 
scripts except when such occur in the originals, and to write only on one side of the 
paper. Names of persons and places should be very distinctly written. 

REVIEWS. — Books, pamphlets, etc., bearing on the district, or subjects con- 
nected therewith, sent for review, will receive due attention. 

LOCAL SOCIETIES. — Secretaries of local literary and scientific societies will 
obli{;e by sending notices of their doings during the quarter. Such notices should reach 
the Editor at least a fortnight before the end ol each quarter. 

BINDING. — The binder is requested, in arranging the illustrations of Vol. I., 10 
attend to the directions given for his guidance, p. xvi. *' Bishop John Talbot's Monu< 
ment**will be found in Part VI., and the "Map of the County of Gloucester*' and 
" Over Bridge " in Part XI. 

Special covers for the volumes have not been provided, the matter of binding being 
left to the taste of each subscriber. 

BACK PARTS. — Vol. I. being out of print, copies can be supplied only as they 
may turn up for sale from time to time, and then only to purchasers of the second 
volume. Some odd parts, however, are still on hand. Vol. II., comprising Parts XIII.- 
XXIV., can be procured from the Editor until further notice, price i8s., or by post, 
i8s. 6d. Vol. III., comprising Parts XXV-XXXVI., price 15s., or by post, 155. 6d. 
Three shillings offered for copies of Parts II., VII., and IX., and full price for Parts 
XIV. -XVII. and XXII. , if fit for binding. A liberal price will be paid for copies 
of Vol. I. 


W. M, Harvey, Esq., Goldington Hall, Bedford. 

John Mullings, Esq., Cirencester. 

J. C. Gwynn, Esq., Thombury. 

Rev. W. BagnalUOakeley, Newland. 

E. Dening, Esq., Stow-on -Wold. 

Kev. W. J. Blathwayt, Dyrham Rectory. 

Major-General Vizard, Enderby House, Dursley. 

Mrs. Dent, Sudeley Castle, Winchcombe. 

Miss Rolt, Rockstowes, Uley. 

Rev. L. P. Williams, Bourton-on-the-Water. 

E. W. Kendall, Esq., Bourton-on-the-Water. 

E. G. Hamilton, Esq., Mickleton Manor, Caropden. 

R. V. Vassar-Smith, Esq., Cheltenham, 

R. Denison Jones, Esq., The Grange, Leonard Stanley. 

G. H. A. Beard, Stonehouse, Glos. 

T. Wintcrbotham, Esq., Bagshott, Cheltenham. 



( AUG 6 1891 ) 


Notes and Queries 

Jn QVUmoriani. 

JlX weeks after the issue of the last part of the 
Ghucesiershire Notes and Queries, a severe loss, in 
relation to that periodical, was sustained through the 
death of the Rev. Beaver Henry Blacker, M.A., its 
originator^ editor, and proprietor, which occurred at 26, Meridian 
Place, Clifton, Bristol, where he had resided for ten years. His 
kindly disposition, and genial and unaffected manner caused him 
to be esteemed by all who had the privilege of his acquaintance. 
He was a zealous, cautious, and painstaking antiquary, and one 
who felt as much pleasure in communicating as in gathering 

Mr. Blacker was bom in Dublin, May 31, 1821. He was the 
eldest son of Mr. Latham Blacker, and a grandson of the 
Rev. George Miller, D. D., author of ** Modern History 
Philosophically Illustrated " (4 vols. 8vo, 1832). He was educated 
at Trinity College, Dublin, where he thrice gained the Vice- 
Chancellor's prize for English Prose, and took his B.A. degree 
in 1843, ^'^^ M.A. in 1846. He was curate-in-charge of 
Donnybrook, CO. Dublin, from 1845 to 1856. In 1857 ^^ was 
appointed to the vicarage of Booterstown, co. Dublin, and to 
the rural deanery of South Dublin in 1862, both of which he 
resigned in 1874, when he retired to England. During his 
incumbency, extensive additions were made to Booterstown 
Church, including a transept, chancel, robing room, and porch. 
Several theological pamphlets by Mr. Blacker, were published 

VOL. V. B 


2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

between 1847 ^^^ '8S4> ^^^ ^^s first topographical work was 
** Brief Sketches of Booterstown and Donnybrook, in the County 
of Dublin, with Notes and Annals," Dublin, 1874. It is a thick 
small 8vo, and was issued in four parts; the first in i860, and 
the last in 1874. The Annals of the Parishes, appended to the 
descriptions of their four churches, extend from a.d. 1173 to 
1873, and fill 186 pages, with exact references to his authorities, 
which be was always scrupulous in giving. 

"Your work," John Gough Nichols wrote in 1873 to the 
author, "I find wonderfully stored with a vast amount of 
interesting biographical and genealogical information, within a 
small compass." And the Rev. Dr. Urwick pronounced the 
book to be "a manual of research and industry;" adding, 
** Ireland would be rich in annals, etc., were similar records of 
all her parishes forthcoming." — f Biographic Sketches of James 
Digges La TouchCfp, 221. J 

Mr. Blacker was curate-in-charge of Charlton Kings, 
Gloucestershire, in 1875-76, and senior curate of Cheltenham, 
in 1876-78. From Stroud, where he resided three years, he, in 
1 88 1, removed tc Clifton, and devoted his time to gleaning for 
and editing Gloucestershire Notes and Queries^ collecting materials 
for a bibliography of Gloucestershire, copying monumental 
inscriptions in the churches in his neighbourhood, and, more 
recently, in contributing to the "Dictionary of National 
Biography," for which he wrote more than sixty articles. 

Gloucestershire Notes and Queries originally appeared in the 
columns of the Stroud Journal, So much interest did they 
evoke, that Mr. Blacker was induced to reprint them, and 
Part I. was published in April, 1879, and Part XLVIII. in 
October, 1890. 

In the preface issued with Part XLVIII., which completed 
the fourth volume, save the index, the Editor asks for further 
support to enable him to carry on what had long been, not a 
"profitable speculation," but a "labour of love" in the wide field 
of archaeology ; adding, that in editing the publication he was 
" ready, for his part, as he had heretofore been, to give his time 
and labour." This was written on October ist; but before the 
end of that month his health began to fail, and for the first time 
in his life he had to consult a physician, who attended him till 
his much regretted death, which happened rather suddenly on 
the nth of November, 1890. His remains were interred in 
Dean's Grange Cemetery, co. Dublin, on the 19th of the same 
month. His age was sixty-nine. 

Rev, Beaver H, Blacker. 3 

In a review of the 4th volume of the Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries, by Sir John Maclean, F.S.A., that veteran antiquary 
says : — 

*• The work still maintains its position as the best of this class 
of publications, now, we are glad to say, so growing in popularity, 
that there are few counties without its representative. The 
bulky volume now before us extends to nearly 700 pages. The 
Editor announces that in the future volumes some slight changes 
will be made which will tend to the increased value, and will 
improve the appearance of the work. We think, however, that 
in appearance, it is already all that can be desired in a work of 
this kind. There are many notes in the present volume of 
considerable interest and value." — Transactions of the Bristol and 
Gloucestershire Archceological Society, xiv. (1890), p. 329. 

The four volumes contain 1965 articles. The first volume is 
now out of print. 

Mr. Blacker was also the author of i — ** Monumental 
Inscriptions in the Parish Church of Charlton Kings, Gloucester- 
shire, with Extracts from the Parish Registers, and some Church- 
yard Inscriptions." Privately printed. London, 1876. 4to. 
2 — " Monumental Inscriptions in the Parish Church of Chelten- 
ham, Gloucestershire." Privately printed. London, 1877. 
4to. 3 — "Two Sermons on the Duty of National Humiliation," 
1847, ^^^ several other theological pamphlets. 

His articles in Notes and Queries, to which he contributed from 
1853 to 1890, are signed " Abhba." William Gkorge. 


My first acquaintance with Mr. Blacker commenced through 
sending a contribution to part XIIL of Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries. Though our correspondence on antiquarian subjects 
became tolerably frequent, it was not until very shortly before 
his regretted death that we met. He came to London to consult 
a physician, taking the chance of renewing his old acquaintance 
with legal haunts with which he was once familiar, having either 
entered as a bar student, or having contemplated doing so, and 
then called upon me, when we spent a considerable time in 
discussing subjects of mutual interest, especially Gloucestershire 
Notes and Queries, and the improvements he thought of making 
in the new volume. His genial and kindly manner much 
impressed me, and when he left, I found myself looking forward 

4 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

to a promised renewal of the visit. Such, alas, was not to be. 
Though then seemingly in fair health, the end came soon after 
his return home. The name of this unassuming student will be, 
as it deserves, long remembered, for the substantial service 
which for fifteen years he did in the byepaths of Gloucestershire 

The portrait of Mr. Blacker which we are able to give will be 
appreciated by the many readers and contributors to this 
magazine. It is taken from a photograph by Mr. Cox of Clifton. 

W. P. W. P. 


The Camps of Ostorius. 

IN Hartshorne's Salopia Aniiqua^ 1 841, is a paper entitled "The 
chain of camps erected by Ostorius considered." From 
this we extract the portion which relates to Gloucestershire. 

"We are therefore driven to inspect the remains existing 
between the Lower Avon and the Severn and the indications 
presented in this quarter tend to show pretty evidently that it 
was in this district that Ostorius fortified. 

"The Avon rises at Tetbury, in Gloucestershire, and afterwards 
flows southward in a parallel direction with the Severn, till it 
reaches Bath, when it bends to the north west. In the country 
lying between these two rivers there are numerous encampments, 
some of them of considerable magnitude. The principal one 
lies most northerly, and from this point we will trace them 

"The first position that comes under our notice is Uley Bury, 
an unusually large camp in the shape of a parallelogram, 
double ditched, a mile east of Dursley. Drakestone camp on 
Stinchcomb hill, and Blackenbury ditches, a small triangular 
work on an eminence, north of Wooton Under Edge, come next 
in the group. Nine miles due south of Uley Bury on a high 
ridge of land communicating with the preceding, is a small 
semi-elliptical work known under the title of Horton castle. A 
mile still more southward on the same elevated line, we find a 
spacious double ditched quadrangular encampment at Little 
Sodbury. This and Uley Bury are the chief fortresses in the 
range. The eastern side of this ridge as far as Langridge, a 
distance of nineteen miles, is comparatively a plain country, 
but the western side is for the most part very steep. The chief 

The Camps of Ostoritis. 5 

of the works along it are as considerable as any met with in 
other parts of the kingdom, and from these facts it may be 
inferred without dispute to be the ground Ostorius chose for his 
defensive chain. 

••Three miles and a half south of Little Sodbury camp the 
turnpike road from Pucklechurch to Nettleton passes through 
an irregular semi-circular camp on the top of Hinton hill, and 
two miles east we meet with a very small quadrangular 
epaulement on Hebdown down. 

** Five miles southward inclining a little to the east, we come 
upon the most extreme link of the chain at the irregular 
triangular single ditched fortress upon Little Salisbury hill, 
scarcely a mile from the Avon, and not two from the city of 
Bath ; making a distance from due north to south of upwards of 
twenty miles, where are found eight fortresses, which lying 
between the Avon and the Severn, completely agree with the 
narrative of Tacitus. 

** Approaching the latter river, numerous vestiges of military 
occupancy occur, but whether assignable to the same period, I 
will not venture to assert, though I should be inclined to 
consider they were. It is not unlikely their object was to check 
any irruption which the Silures might make from the opposite 
shores of Monmouthshire and Glamorganshire. Be this, how- 
ever, how it may, we find the following, which may additionally 
tend to prove that this was the expected seat of war. 

** The first defensive work, commencing at the mouth of the 
Avon, and journeying northwards, is Mere Bank, a high vallum 
running parallel with this river from the banks of the Severn till 
it nearly joins a circular entrenchment close to Henbury. West 
of the Avon, opposite to Clifton, are two large semi-circular 
camps, known under the titles of Stoke Leigh Camp and Bower 
or Borough Walls. Groing from hence westwards on Stoke 
Leigh Down, are two small circular earthworks ; and two miles 
still farther to the west, are appearances of three inconsiderable 
circumvallations, which lie on the direct road to the spacious 
oval fortress of Cadbury Camp, close to Tickenham. As we 
travel northwards from this point, the first indication of entrench- 
ments is seen at Vineyard Break, north of Olveston. There are 
slight remains perceptible at Oldbury-on-Severn, whilst a large 
pentagonal camp, in a very perfect state, double ditched, lies a 
little to the north. This is the last stronghold of the western 
range we have been tracing. 


6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

"Besides the works on the two barriers hitherto mentioned, a 
few are here and there visible in the intervening country. They 
are comparatively undeserving of notice, and ought not to be 
contrasted with those already described. Uncertain remains are 
distinguishable at Bitton. There is a small oval camp on Bury 
Hill, south of Winterboum: a small irregular single-ditched 
camp, called the Castle, near Titherington ; another at Bury 
House, south of Doynton ; a ring, entitled Bury Camp, a mile 
east of Marshfield, and vestiges of another work a little to the 
west of it. 

'' While this sheet is passing through the press, I find in Lysons' 
'Account of the Roman Antiquities discovered at Woodchester,' 
the following confirmation of my own views : — * It is extremely 
probable,* says he, 'that the entrenchments at Uley Bury and 
on Painswick Hill, and perhaps those also on Broadridge Green 
and at Little Sodbury are remains of those garrisons (Roman 
nnder Ostorius), or at least of their Castra exploratoria. A great 
number of Roman coins, both of the higher and lower empire, 
have been found within the entrenchments of Uley Bury and 
Painswick Hill Camps.* " 

Notes about Uley. 

The Visitation of 1682. In the Visitation of the county of 
Gloucester, taken by the heralds in 1682 and 1883, only two 
persons from Uley entered their pedigrees and arms; these 
were : — ^William Basset and Matthew Pointz. Those persons in 
this parish who " disclaimed " any right to bear coat armour, 
and consequently did not enter any pedigree, were Giles Austin, 
Edward Domey, William Heart, clerk, and Henry Pegler. 

Uley Bury Tumulus. It may be well to reproduce the 
following cotemporary account of the re-opening of the 
tumulus on Uley Bury which appeared in the *• Builder," 12 
August, 1854. 

*' This Tumulus, after a lapse of 34 years, has been re-opened 
by permission of Colonel Kingscote. It was first opened by 
the Revd. W. L. Baker, of Uley, father of T. B. L. Baker, of 
Hardwick Court. Among those present at the opening were 
the Revd. John Earl, professor of Anglo-Saxon in the 
University of Oxford, Mr* T. B. L. Baker and family, and the 

Notes about Uley. ^ 

Revd. S. LjsonSy nephew of the antiquary. Mr. Freeman, who 
was also present, delivered a short speech in which he expressed 
his persuasion of its very high antiquity, stating that it was no 
doubt far anterior to the Roman invasion, and belonged to what 
antiquarians designated the stone period. Dr. Thumam laid 
before the meeting a ground plan of the building. He gave 
the dimensions as follows: — ^length 22 feet, height 5 feet. 
There are two chambers in a straight line from the entrance 
and also two smaller ones on the left. It is supposed there 
were formerly two corresponding small chambers on the right, 
thus giving the erection the form of a double cross. Over the 
entrance was placed a very large stone (a correspondent of the 
Gloucestershire Chronicle thinks the stone weighed six tons). 
Dr. Thurman believed that the whole had been opened by 
several races for the purpose of depositing their dead. In this 
way it has been divested of its architectural features. It was 
evidently built before edge-tools were in use. It could not be 
less ancient he maintained than 700 or 1000 years before 
Christ" Vide Thumam^ in N9. 44, Archaohgical Journal. 

Vky Bury Camp, — This famous fortress, according to old 
village tradition, was known as the '* maiden" hill; it being 
said that it was never taken by besiegers. Of the upper foss 
and vallum, the rough sketch given below, showing its south- 
east angle, will afford those who have never seen it some idea 
of its character. In the entrenchment round the hill, a carriage 
can easily be driven. The top of the bank on the right would 
of course be protected by fences or palisades, as doubtless also 
the second entrenchment some thirty or forty feet lower down 

the bill. So steep is the hill, that it is hard to think it could be 

8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

captured by a hostile attack, unless it were taken unawares at 
the entrance in the narrow neck which unites it with high lands 
to the east. The wall shewn on the left hand side is merely a 
modem dry stone erection, enclosing the large arable field which 
now forms the site of the ancient encampment. 

The Parish Registers. — The earliest register book at Uley 
begins in the year 1668. A list of the bishop's transcripts for 
Uley has already been given in Vol. III., p. 651. The books 
are fairly kept, ailthough in a few places the entries are rather 
irregular. The following extracts comprise all the entries 
relating to the prinicipal Uley families of Bassett, Holbrow, 
Morse, Bayley, Poyntz, Austen alias Carver, Small, Gyde, and 
Rudder, besides those relating to the families of the various 
rectors, with a few other items of general interest. Those 
concerning Domey have already been printed in Vol. III., p. 440. 
The title-page is as follows : — 

The Register of & belonging 

to the Parish of Uley, in the 

Diocess of Glocest., concer. 

Marriages, Christ' & Bur' 

celebrat. there since ye 

William i8th of Nouembr., Heart, Rect*. 

de Anno Domj Uley Ar : M. 

Coll: B: M: Mag: 1668. Quond: D: So: 

James, ye sonn of Thomas Dancy, Cbristd. Novemb. iQth, 

William, ye sonn of John Witchell, Chr. Decer. 5. 
Henry, ye sonn of Nicholas Hurcomb, Chr. Deer. 6. 
Mary, ye daughtr. of William Bassett, Esq., Chr. Febr. 3rd. 
William, ye sonn of Thomas Baggiand, Chr. Dec. 6. 
William, ye sonn of Joseph Parsloe, Chr. Feb. 7. 
Katherine, ye daughter of Mr. Edward Domey, Chr. Feb. 14. 
Thomas, ye sonn of Thomas Hancoke, Chr. Feb. 28. 
Hester, ye daughter of William Adye, bur. March 2j. 

Incipt Anno Do. 1669. William Heart, Rector 

Regist. de Uley. 

The above comprises all the entries from Nov. 18, 1668, to 
March 21, i66q. 

Uley Registers, 

Samuel, s. of Samuel Went C Dec. 2, 

Robert Webb B Aug. 9, 

Edward Morse, Attorney at Law ) nyr x 

HannaFord } ^ J^"' 3, 

William Alliffe, ye sonn oflf William Heart, ( C Jan. 16, \ 

Rector of Uley, and of Agnes his wife ( B Jan. 19, J 

John, s. of John Mdach-Philemore •••• B June 23, 

Nicholas, s. of Edward Morse • C Nov. 1 1, 

Edward Wiggins, Taylor B Feb. 30, 

Martha Pointes, gentlew., d. of Thomas 

Pointes B May 3, 

Edward, s. of Edward Domey, gent C May 4, 

Dionisia, d. of William Basset, Esq C May 29, 

John, s. of James Lord C Jan. 4. 

John, s. of Samuel Went C Jan. 3, 

John-Alliffe, s. of William Heart, Rector 

of Uley, and Aggnes his wife • C July 30, 

Thomas, 's. of Thomas Parsloe C Oct. 20, 

William Harper, widower B Mar. 14, 

Matthew Pointzs, gentl B Apr. 25, 

Thomas Bayley • B May 1 2, 

Nicholas Webb , . . • ) t^ vt^„ 

Elizabeth Browninge } ^^ iNov. —, 

William Manninge, father of Samuel 

Manninge B Jan. 1 2, 

Joanne Lews, single woman • • • B Feb. 14, 

A. • • ., d. of William Basset, Esq B Nov. 19, 

Alis, ye wife of Richard French, was burd. 

in ye church-yrd. of Uley, bye consent 

of Minister and Churchwards B Jan. i, 

James, s. of John Maack Philemore • . • • B 8 May, 

Ea?h^Ld;^-::::::-:::::::::::::iM njune, 

Thomas Bayly •••••.••• )»yr . 

Katherine Maack-Philemore ] " ^^'' 

William, s. of Henry Bayley C 19 Mar., 

John, 8. of Thomas Bayley « C ? 27 Aug., 

Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Giles Austen, alias 

Carver •••.. C 13 July, 

James Knight, of Uley \ 

SaiahKedwell,oftheparishofWoolepune I M 25 Dec, 

(? Owlpen) ) 

Mary, d. of Henry Bajly C 26 Oct., 

















lo Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

a"htMn;.'.:T: 1 b-^h of Uley.. M .6 Dec. .68,. 

George, s. of Richard Eugly C 6 Jan., i68j. 

Margaret Tony, widdow and alms woman B - 3 Feb., 1 68 J. 

Ann, d. of Giles Austen, alias Carver, Generos C 25 Mar., 1 682. 
William, s. of George Small, gen. and 

clothier C 13 July, 1 682. 

Isabella, d. of John Ruther C 13 Oct., 1 682. 

William, s. of George Small, generos and 

clothier B 8 Mar., i68|. 

Joseph Parsloe, ye sheaphard B 21 Mar., 1 683. 

Katherine, w. of Thomas Bayly B 12 May, 1 683. 

John, s. of Timothy Gide, ye clothier . . C 5 June, 1683. 
Daniell, s. of George Small, gentl. and 

clothier C 23 July, 1683. 

Mary, wife of Mr. William Holbrow .... B 14 Sept., 1683. 

Elizabeth, wife of John and Sarah Ruther C 10 Sept., 1684. 
Allis, w. of Edward Evans, Practitioner 

in ye faculty of Chyrurgery B 10 June, 1 685. 

Richard French, Practitioner of ye art of 

Mus B 28 June, 1685. 

John, s. of George Small, gent., and 

Elianor, his w C 25 Dec, 1685. 

Sarah, d. of William and Sarah Holborow C 22 May, 1686. 

Thomas, s. of John Pumell, and Mary, his w. B 30 July, 1 692. 

John Pumell, Cloth worker .••••• B 10 May, 1693. 

Ann, d. of Anthony Holbrow [....?].. C 16 Feb., it<)\. 
Thomas, s. of Thomas Gyde, and Hester, 

his w • , • C 15 May, 1 695. 

William Jacob, of Minchinhampton ) ^^ * #: - 

Mary Holbrow, of Kingscote ) ' ' ^ '5 Aug., 1095. 

Richard Workman, of North Nibly ) -kk ^ -ki^ c ^ 

Elizabeth Bludord, of Uly j * * ^ '+ ^°''- '^'5- 

Daniel, s. of John Rutter C 22 Dec, 1 695. 

William, s. of John and Alis Pemall. • • • B 30 Nov., 1695. 

Mr. Joseph Poyns B 7 April, 1 696. 

Sarah, wife of John Rutter B 6 May, 1696. 

Sarah, dafter of Timothy and Hester Gyde C 13 May, 1696. 

William Smith bayly B 5 Nov., 1696. 

Ann, d. of Anthony and Elizabeth 

Holbrow , B 7 Sept., 1697. 

Ann, d. of Anthony Holborough, and 

Elizabeth, his w ...•• C 17 Feb., 1697. 

Ann Basset, gentlewoman • B 13 Sep., 1 698. 

Uley Registers. 1 1 

John Fisher 
Sarah ~ 

James Bamfield, clothworker ( both of ) n» ^ *_ .^ 

kaiy Till Adams 1 Dursley. } ** ' * ^P'- ' ^W- 

A Sonn of Thomas Wilkins, a professed 

Quaker B on or about 27 May, 1 700. 

Rachel, d. of George Small, gentleman, 

and Ann, his w C 15 June, 1 700. 

Lapparah Aylor, widow B 22 Feb., 1700. 

William, s. of John Heart and Mary, his w. C 3 Mar., 1 700. 

Inhabitury of Kinges Standley. 

Mary Heart, w. of the aforesaid John . . B 10 Mar., 1700. 
Josiah, son of Josiah Darby, alias 

Talboyes, and Elizabeth, his w B 2 June, 1700. 

Thomas Cooper, Woolcomber, of Tedbury ) w ^, r ^ .- ^ 

SarahLord.. .{^ 24 June, 1700. 

Anthony, s. of Anthony Holborough and 

Elizabeth, his w • C 27 Aug., 1 700. 

Thomas, s. of Michaell Bayley, and 

Elizabeth, his wife, fifty pounds per 

annum C 10 Sep., 1700. 

William, s. of Timothy Gide, and of 

Hester, his w., fifty pounds per annum B 22 Feb., 1700. 
A daughter of John Giles, a dissenting 

Preacher Bom 23 Mar., 170^. 

&!LTa.°"?!: r!r.T"!"!!': Tt \ ^-^-^ ^7 juiy. .70. 

Elizabeth, d. of John Westcumb, Attorney, 

and Joanna, his w C 30 Aug., 1 702. 

Daniell, s. of Anthony Holborough, and 

of Elizabeth, his w C 30 Jan., 170J. 

John, s. of Timothy Gide, clothier • B — — 

Timothy, s. of Timothy Gide, clothier, 

fifty pounds per annu • B 10 June, 1703. 

SS.X°SoS&:::::;::::::::;:::::::!« ■rj.....,.^. 

Mary, d. of Anthony Holborough, clothier, 

and Elizabeth, his w C 2 Feb., 170} 

Jonathan Forde, of St. Dunstanes, London ) 
Hope ?] d. of Mr. Timothy Gide, of Uley, } M 21 Mar., 1 7of 

Clothier ) 

Thomas Hancocke, parish clerk in 1705 

William Basset, generosus • • . B i Feb,, 1 70^ 

Susannah, w. of Wm. Bayly B 3 Mar., 1 70^^ 

1 2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In different ink is added, **A child of ye said Wm., borne 

sometime before and buried." 
A daughter childe of Francis Danniell, 

of Cowley B 5 May, 1706. 

Joseph, s. of John Rutter, and Hester, 

his w C 15 May, 1706. 

Abraham, s. of Humphrey and Elizabeth 

Terret, Dissenters from ye Church of 

England. C. by Mr. Twimlow, a Dissent- 
ing Teacher in Cam's Meeting House, 

as they say C 25 Nov., 17 12. 

William Hart fsic.J Rector of this Parish B 4 June, 1709. 
(To be continued. J 

Place Rimes. — As a collection of rimes on the names of 
Gloucestershire towns and villages might help to preserve some 
curious traditions, I send two as a commencement : — 

" Mincing Hampton, Painswick proud, 
Beggarly Bisley, strutting Stroud."* 

I do not know how old this couplet may be ; but it has been 
said that it hits ofif exactly the characteristics of the four districts 
named. Even now the lines have not altogether lost their point. 
Hampton, as most people know, is the name often used for 

My second specimen is from another part of the county : — 

" Stow-on-the-Wold, 
Where the wind blows cold : 
Where the frogs croak harsh : 
That's next door to Slaughter." 

In this case, too, whatever the opinion of the inhabitants of 
the villages named, their neighbours would probably admit the 
force of the description. 

T. R. 

* An alternative form in which this rime has always been famQiar to the 
present editor is : — 

Minchinhampton miserable, Painswick proud. 
Beggarly Bisley, and strutting Stroud. 

Robins : Sundial Mottoes, 1 3 

Besides the above, the following, not intended to be compli- 
mentaiy to the places named, were once current, and perhaps 
some of them may be still known. Uley moggies, 1'.^., calves, 
Coaley dumps. Cam ewes, and Cam crows, and 
** The Dursley baboon 
As yet his pap without a spoon." 

Charles Hillier the ancient Corunna veteran who died at Uley 
some years ago, aged upwards of 90, added to the above list : — 
"Nimpsfield heg pegs," which the old man explained were 
" things " which grew in the hedges. Ed. 

The Robins Family. — I have to-day seen the inscription 
given below in the yard of Mr. H. C. Frith, sculptor. Barton 
Street, Gloucester. Upon enquiry, I was informed that it was 
found '* as the hearth stone " of a farm house not far from 
Matson Church. That portion of the monument which was 
dilapidated has been restored. It will be replaced in the church. 

Sept. 4, 1890. H. Y. J. T. 

In memory of Anne the wife of | John Robins of the manor 
of Matson | in the parish of Upton St Leonards | in the County 
of Glouc Esq | She was the daughter of William Stratford | of 
Fanncote in the County of Glouc | Esq she was interred the 1 1 
day of May | Anno Domini 1663 | also in memory of | Dorothy 
the wife of William Robins of | Matson aforesaid Gent grandson 
of ye above named John and Anne Robins | Dorothy was the 
daughter of Thojmas Bacon of Manselle in ye Counjty of 
Somerset Esq a Gentleman of an Ancient good Family and | in 
the commission of the peace for { that County to ye time of his 
death | She departed this life the 26th day of May 1732 aged 32 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ 

Sundial Mottoes. — Continued from No. 1772, Vol. IV., p. 
397. — ^The following is transcribed from Mount Tahor by 
R. W[illis], in 1639. 

" Upon theDialloftiu Clock in the Colledge Church of Gloucester. 
— In the horologue, or dyall of that Clock, in the foure Angles 
of that square, which lye without those circles (wherein the 
houres are distinguished), are pourtraied four Angels, each of 


14 Gloucestershire Notes and Qtieries. 

them seeming to say something to those that looke up to see 
what a clocke it is, the whole matter being two old Latine verses 
made up in rythme in this manner : — 

\. An labor, an requies^ 

2. Sic transit gloria mundi: 

3. Praterit iste dies, 

4. Nescitur origo secundi; 

which may be thus englished — 

Whether we rest, or labour; work or play. 
The world and glory of it passe away. 
This day is past, or neere its period grown ; 
The next succeeding is to us unknown^* 

Salterton, Devon. T. N. Brushfield, M.D. 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 

FROM time to time it is proposed to give in these pages, 
collections of notes respecting some of the better-known 
Gloucestershire families, which will prove of service in 
compiling genealogies of them. They will consist of abstracts of 
wills, deeds, and other documents, extracts from parish registers, 
marriage licences, tombstone inscriptions, etc. They will be 
essentially miscellaneous, and strict classification therefore must 
not be looked for. 

A commencement is made in the present part with the 
Trotman family. 

In the " Description of the Hundred of Berkeley," by John 
Smyth, of Nibley, lately for the first time published under the 
auspices of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological 
Society, are numerous references to the family. As they are 
scattered, it will be a convenience to collect them together, and 
they will form a suitable introduction to the abstracts of original 
documents which will follow. 

Came, " Heere also is another ancient messuage and two yard 
land- called Nasse Court, the inheritance of John Trotman, 
comonly called of the knapp, according to the situacon of the 
said messuage; which John Trotman is sonne of Nicholas 

The Trotman Family, 15 

Trotman who died 19 Eliz., sonne of John Trotman who dyed 
about 20 hours before the said Nicholas, sonne of Thomas 
Trotman, who in i et 2 Ph. et Mar*, purchased the said messuage 
and lands of John Berkeley of Beverston Castle, then esquire, 
after knight, thereby severinge it from his manor of Wood- 
mancote in the parish of Dursley, whereof it was parcell, and 
till then held by copy of Court Roll accordinge to the custome 
of that manor, as by the copy thereof amongst the evidences of 

the said which I have seene, appeareth ; and the said 

Thomas Trotman the purchaser of this land died in A° $ et 6 
Ph. et Mar*., and was sonne of Henry Trotman who died in 18 

Henry 8, sonne of John Trotman who dyed in , sonne 

of Elias Trotman who died in , sonne of Robert 

Trotman who died in 5 Hen. 5, brother and heire of Walter, 
sonnes of John Trotman, son of Richard, who lived in the time 
of King E. 2. For which purchase made by the said Thomas 

Trotman of John Berkeley in Trin. terme 5 Mar 

de ten. in Came et Slimbridge And is holden of 

George lord Berkeley by knight service, sute to his hundred 
court of Berkeley from 3 weekes to 3 weekes, and by the yearly 
rent of lox. And of 6^. more paid for other lands which longe 
have beene occupied therwith : Some part of which lands, viz. a 
messuage and one acre and a quarter of ground, are now the 
inheritance of Nicholas Trotman, sonne of Edward Trotman 
of Came, called of the Stepps, As by an Inquisicon found in 
the last year of A® 14 R.' Car.*, 1638, after the death of the 
said Edward, appeareth ; and which hee the said Edward, by 
Deed dated 20 Junij. anno 12 R' A Jacobi, purchased of John 
Trotman his eldest brother, as the said Inquisicon sheweth: 
And for which the said John hath 40^. p' ann' paid to him as a 
rent charge out of the same," p. 1 30. 

"This Nasse Court with other lands the said John Trotman 
hath by his deed dated 6 M'ij A** 14 R' Jacobi, settled after the 
death of himself, upon Henry his eldest sonne and the heires 
males of his body with Remainder over, the Remainder to the 
heires of the said John." p. 131. 

" By an inq. in 24 Eliz. Edward Woolworth ah, Webb is found 
to dye seised of 34 acres of land in Came, holden by sute of Court, 
and the yearly rent of 2</. ob . . . . [which] shortly after [viz., after 24 
Eliz.] came by purchase to Edward Trotman, of Came, who, with 
Edwardj his sonne and heire, after aliened the same to William 
Hardinge and others. P- i33* 

1 6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

" In 35 H. 8., the said Richard Brayne conveyed to Thomas 
Trotman and his heires, all those two messuages, with their 
appurtenants called Longfords ; and one other messuage, and 
half a yard land in Whetenhurst, which (with release also) is 
inrolled with the clarke of the peace of this county ; and in i 
E. 6, a fine was levied of theis lands betweene Thomas Trotman, 
q., and Richard Brayne, and Elizabeth Ashby, widowe, defts., by 
the name of 3 mess, and 180 acres, &c., in Came and Wheten- 

From which Thomas Trotman this land came to Richard his 
second sonne and his heires, against whom a title to theis lands 
was pretended by George Goffe, in right of Mary his wife, Jone 
ap Roberts, widowe, and Thomas James, as coheires to Mary 
Catchmay [of the family of an earlier owner], after wife of 
William Warren, which being ended by arbitrement, a fine 
(amongst other assurances) was levied in Trinity terme, 20 Eliz., 
betweene Richard Trotman, pit., and George Goffe and Mary 
his wife, Thomas James, and Jone ap Roberts, widowe, co-heirs 
of Mary Catchmay, defts., by the names of 3 mess, and 180 
acres, &c., in Came ; the Indenture leadinge the use to the said 
Richard Trotman and his heires, and the Arbitrement, That the 
question was for Woodends house in Came, and one yard land 
and an halfe therto belonginge ; and for another house and half 
a yarde land thereto belonginge in Came also, called Lampland. 
Touching which Lampland, all I have found is that 24^ Augusti 
3 Edw. 6, the King granted 2j. rent p. ann. to William Saule 
and William Bridges and their heires, who 1 8 Octobr. the same 
yeare granted the same to Thomas Trotman and his heires, 
goinge out of a certaine tenement in Came called Longfords 
house, ad sustentandum unum lampadem in Ecclesia de Came. 

The said Thomas Trotman dyed 5 and 6 Ph. & Mar., leaving 
this land in Came to Richard his 2nd son aforesaid, who built a 
faire house therupon, and after died in 35 Eliz., whereby it 
descended to Edward his eldest sonne who vpon maryage of 
Edward his eldest sonne with the widow of John Aylway, 
conveyed the revertion after his own life in fee or fee tayle to 
the said Edward his sonne, since a Reader in Court, and bencher 
in the Inner Temple, yet livinge. Who after sundry mortgages 
therof, and of other lands to Henry Prat of London, made by 
him and Edward his sonne and heire apparent, and to William 
Hill of Tuexbury, and John Wakeman, Samuell Trotman and 
Throgmorton Trotman, his brothers and kinsmen, upon loans of 


1 8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

monies, and for their indemnification from debts as sureties for 
him the said Edward, they all by fine, Recovery, and Deeds in lo 
Regis Caroli, conveyed the same to the use of Francis Webb 
aforesaid, and his hdres.... The Epitaph of which Edward 
Trotman the father is in .Came Church in these words — ** Heere 
^yeth the body of Mr. Edward Trotman the elder, late of 
Estwood, son of Mr. Richard Trotman of Poole Court in 
Worcestershire, by Katherine his wife, daughter of Edward 
Tindall, Esquire. Hee was borne the 5th day of October A* 
Dni. 1545, and comfortably departed this life the 6th day of 
June, 1633." Thus his tombe. P- '35* 

'' Heere also is a messuage, watermill and lands, comonly 
called Mabson's lands, now or late the inheritance of John 
Trotman, holden of this Manor of Came by knight service 
sute of Court, and the yearly rent of 13J. 4^/., which John is son 
of Nicholas, who dyed 19 Eliz., son of John, who dyed also 19 
Eliz., son of Thomas, who dyed 5 et 6 Pn. et Mar., son of 
Henry Trotman, who died 18 H. 8, having by deed dated 
17 Apl., a^ 3 Hen. 8, purchased the same of Henry Mabson, 
and which before were the lands of William Mabson, who was 
in ward for the same; From whose seisin and other of 
their ancestors the name of Mabson's land still continueth; now 
the inheritance of Henry Trotman, sonne of John." p. 137. 

''Heere also is a messuage and 36 acres of land, late the 
Inheritance of Edward Trotman, called of the Stepps, from the 
greesings or staires of stone leading out of the street vp into 
.the said messuage ; and also 7 acres of land, late James Kings* 
and also one close called Sparkhill, cont. 8 acres, which hee by 
deed dated the first of July, a* 9 Jacobi, purchased in fee farm 
of Henry, lord Berkeley. . . , Which Edward dyed 9 Maij a* 14 
Caroli Rs. as an inquisition after his death a^. 14 Rs. Car. 
sheweth; and the said lands remained in fee tayle generall 
to Nicholas his sonne by a second wife ; and not to Richard 
Sonne of William, eldest sonne of the said Edward Trotman 
by his first wife." p. 138. 

"Heere also in Came, and likewise in Cowley, are divers 
lands and tenements comonly called Taylor's lands, now 
the severall inheritances of John Trotman of Came, called of 
the Knapp, John Browninge of Cowley, Edward Hill, William 
Essington, Nicholas, son of Edward Trotman of the Stepps* 
which the said Edward purchased of Griffith Trotman." p. 139. 

'' Heere also in the little hamblet of this parish of Came called 

The Trotfnan Family. 19 

Vpthorpe, that is the upper or higher part of the townshipp, is a 
messuage and 46 acres of ground thereto belonginge, the 
inheritance of Heniy Trotman, an attumey at the Counsell in 
the Marches of Wales, which hee had with some other lands by 
conveyance from John Trotman his father, yet livinge, dated 6 
M*cij 14 R. Jac. ; and hee the said John as heire to Nicholas 
his father, eldest son of John Trotman, whose third brother 
(called also John Trotman) purchased this messuage and land of 

, and left it for life to Katherine his wife, daughter of 

William Trotman of Wotton ; and by the death of the said John 
Trotman (called of Vpthorp), without issue, the same descended 
to the said John Trotman as his next heire, who conveyed it to 
the said Heniy his sonne, upon his marriage as aforesaid. And 
was before the land of . See for this the Co. rolls of 

Came 44 £liz., when the said Katherine died*" p. 140. 

In Cawiey. — "Richard Selewine^ 29 £liz., sold a [moiety 
of Maddensails] to Thomas Trotman of Dursley, who died 
in 4 Jac, and left it to Nicholas Trotman his 2d. son, who in — 
Car. Rs. sold the same to Richard Partridge. . • • Also the said 
Thomas Trotman left to the said Nicholas his sonne a messuage 
and 1 1 acres of land in Cowley, which hee in 3 Jacobi purchased 
of Richard Bridges rent 2^." p. 155.^ 

**WiQiam Millard, in the beginning of Kinge James sold 
a part of [Wilkins' lands late Macies] to Edward Trotman 
th* elder of Came, who died 9 Car., which, Edward Trotman of 
the Inner Temple, his son and heir, not long after sold to 
William Essington of Cowley that now is.'* p. 157, 

*'Also in this parish of Cowley are divers lands and 
tenements containing about 16 acres, now the inheritance of 
Richard Partridge, who in 2 Car purchased the same of Nicholas 
Trotman, a younger son of Thomas Trotman, to whom the said 
Thomas at his death in — Jacobi left the ^une in fee, who did 
in 43 Eliz. purchase the same of Richard Badges and Richard 
Rawlyns o/r. Compton." P* i59- 

Godngton. — ** Richard Spicer, of London, Doctor of phisicke, 
purchased of Edward Trotman, of the Inner Temple, London, 
Esq., and hee of me \i.e. of John SmythJ by deed 30 apl., 1 6 
Jac., inroUed in chancery, and after by my other deed dated it 
May following, granted, released, and confirmed to him and his 
trustees, i close called Olden, containing 8 acres, one parcell 
of arrable cont. 20 acres, and \ close therto adjoining called 


20 Gloucestershire Notes ayid Queries, 

Ncwe leycs, cont. 12 acres, and 4 fields of pasture cont. 18 acres 
then in the tenure of Richard Trotman for 3 lives. 

Edward Trotman of the Stepps in Came, to whom by deed 
dated 12 Mch., 15 Jac, I sold i close of pasture called 
Grovelands, cont. 8 acres in the parish of Slimbridge, now, 
1639, the inheritance of Nicholas Trotman, his eldest son by a 
2d. wife." p. 204. 

Rivers Lands in Hurst. — " Thomas Cooke in — Eliz. sold his part 
of Rivers lands to Richard Trotman who died — ^Jacobi, and was 
father of Edward Trotman, by whose death, 16 Jac, his son 
Richard Trotman, who yet liveth, became in ward for the same 
to Lady Eliz. Berkeley, widow, who then had the manors of 
Hurst and Slimbridge in joincture." p. 240/ 

"Inq. 16 R. Car. pt. mortem Joh'is Trotman, filij Mauricij, 
fil. jun. WilFi Trotman, filij jun J oh* is Trotman, per servic. 
militare." p. 244. 

"Inq. 16 R. Car. pt. mortem Ric4 Trotman apud Tetbury; 
Wardship and 2 heriots, ut antea." p. 245. 

" Richard Trotman, now in ward, 1 640, son of Richard, son of 
Edward, son of Richard, holdeth a messuage in Kingston in 
the parish of Slimbridge, with 40 acres of land thereto belonging, 
mentioned in an office after the death of Richard Trotman, 
the father, found virtute officij in 16 Rs. Caroli ; shewing how 
hee bequeathed pte. of his lands to 4 of his younger sons," p. 245. 

" William Trotman, 2d. son of Richard Trotman, son of Edward, 
holdeth, by the last will and testament of the said Richard, his 
father, dated 7 July, 16 Car., 1640, one messuage, cottage, and an 
orchard adjoining, called Berrymeads house, and 2 closes called 
Berrymead leies, containing about 6 acres, in Slimbridge, in the 
tenure of Richard Pegler, which was devised to him in fee. 

John Trotman, 3d. son of Richard Trotman, also holds, 
devised to him in fee, as above, i tenement or cottage, with an 
orchard and parcel of pasture-ground adjoining, called Dekins 
house, in Slimbridge, now in the tenure of John Nason. 

Thomas Trotman, 4th son of Richard Trotman, also holds, 
devised to him in fee, 1 tenement or cottage, with orchard 
adjoining, called Aden's house, and a sellion or rudge of pasture 
ground, and one sellion or rudge of arable land, in Slimbridge, 
now in the tenure of Simon Longe. 

Also I acre of meadow called Squire acre in Little Moore 
in Slimbridge in the tenure of Stephen Symonds. 

Samuel Trotman, 5th son of said Richard Trotman, holdeth. 


The Trotman Famiiy. 21 

devised to him in fee simple, 1 parcel of meadow or pasture 
ground called Thoroughbridge, containing about i acre, in 

For the above see an Inquisition, 22 Sept., 16 Car., taken by 
the Eschetor at Tetbury, virtute officii sui." p. 250. 

" Hurst, — Samuell Trotman, brother and heire of John, 
sonnes of Maurice Trotman of Bradston, holdeth i close of 
meadowe called the breach, containing 4 acres, in Slimbridge, 
which the said Maurice by deed dated 6 July, 1 7 Jac, purchased 
of the said William Hanis and Thomas his son ; for which see 
an Inq. virtute officii, found after the death of the said Maurice, 
Q Apl., 16 Jac." p. 248. 

" SelewitCs Lands in Hurst, aliened by Thomas Selewine, • . . • 
now, 1639, the several inheritances of divers freeholders, 
whereof Edward Trotman of the Middle Temple, a Reader of 
Court, late held a Messuage and 1 8 acres of the said land in 
Hurst." p. 248. 

Gylmins Land. — "Also i acre of this land was aliened by 
Richard Selewine to John Trotman of Vpthorp in Came, lying 
by Maimer's lane in Came ; late the land of William, son of 
William Trotman of Wotton, by the last will of Katherine, his 
sister, to whom her husband, the said John Trotman, by will 
devised the same in fee." p. 249. 

Nibley. — " William Trotman of Stancombe holdeth i acre and 
an half in Ruckcombe close, which he purchased of Anthony 
Hungerford." p. 274. 

" William Trotman of Stancombe, in right of his wife the 
widow of Robert Purnell, the revertion in fee to Robert 
Pumell, son of the said Robert, holds one close in Elfoulds. 

Samuel Trotman holdeth i close called Goodmead, and 4 acres 
of land in Westfield." p. 282. 

Samuel Trotman, of Stancombe, mentioned. p. 295. 

" Henry, Lord Berkeley, by deed dated 1 3 Nov., 8 Jac, granted 
to Thomas Trotman of Nibley, and his heires, 3 messuages and 
loi acres of lands in Nybley. One only of which messuages in 
Forthey in Nibley, with 42 acres, sometime in the tenure of 
Robert Richards, remaineth at this day to the said Thomas 
Trotman, and John his eldest son, under a yearly rent of 33^. 4^?." 

p. 297. 

" Ralph Willet of Wotton, an Attorney at law, holdeth certain 
enclosed grounds, whereon a house of late built called Binley, 
cont. 7 acres, which he purchased of John Trotman, eldest son 


22 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries* 

of the said Thomas Trotman, to whom upon his marriage with 
the sister of the said Ralph Willet, he conveyed the same, and 
were parcell of his messuaj^e at Forthay aforesaid. p. 298. 

Slimbridge. — "It appeareth by a decree in Chancery, dated 12 
Nov., 32 H. 8, wherein Thomas Woodward and other inhabit- 
ants of Slimbridge and Frampton were pits., against Edward 
Trotman and John fiower* defts^ upon the examination of very 
many witnesses : — ^That noe man havinge any estate within those 
Townships of Slimbridge and Frampton might put any beast or 
ftheepe to comon in the Warth unless hee lived himself within 
one of those townships.*' p. 354. 

Stinchcombe. — "Thomas, lord Wentworth, by several deed* 
enrolled in Court of Common Pleasy Mich. Term^ 3 and 4 Eliz., 
conveyed this manor to Trotman [and others,] and in the year 
1639 it is the inheritance of 26 freeholders, among whom are — 
John Trotman, in right of his wife Maiy, daughter and heir of 
John Hickes ; Samuel Trotman." p. 348. 

'* Nelmes lands, an ancient messuage and 40 acres, purchased 
by Nicholas Nelme, 4 £liz.» of John Trotman and others, 
and they of Thomas, Lord Wentworth, with the rest of the manor 
aforesaid. Here also is a messuage and divers lands, now in the 
occupation of William Trotman the elder, lying in Stancombe, 
and wherein the said William, now dwelleth: which William 
Trotman the younger, son and heire apparent of the aforesaid 
William Trotman the elder, called of Blacke burton, purchased 
of Anthony Hungerford, Lord of Pitcourt in Nibley." p. 359. 

Stone. — ** Nicholas Morse, by deed inroUed dated 20 May, 1 642, 
purchased of Samuel Trotman, of the Inner Temple, Esq., one 
messuage, &c., which the said Samuel by his indenture of 30 
Sept., 1 1 Car*, demised to Hugh Street for 99 years, if John, 
Robert, and Daniel, his sons, or any of them, should so longe live 
. .which lands were purchased by Hugh Smyth of Long Aston, 
Esq., and were by him, by Indenture of 18 Sept, 34 Eliz., sold 
unto Henry Parmiter, of Tockington, who by his indenture of 
20 May, 12 Jac, sold the same to Richard Trotman, of Qiffords 
Inn, Gent., and he, by his Indenture, 3 Oct., 19 Jac, unto 
Edward Trotman the elder, gent., Edward and Samuel his. sons; 
which Edward the father and Edward the sonne, by deed bearing 
date 5 June, 9 Car., released unto Samuel, who sold as before." 

p. 367. 

Woodmancoie. — " John Trotman of Came, who holds the house 
called Nasse Court, wherein he dwelleth, — Nicholas Trotman, 

The Troiman Family. 23 

son of Edwacrd Trotman of the Steps in Came, — and John 
Trotman, son of William Trotman, called of Trollies house, — 
fire freeholders of portions of the Manor of Woodmancote. 

p. 88 and 391. 
Among the " Persons charged to find horses for the trayned 
band nnder Sir Gabriel Lowe» Knt., the Captain, 1626, in this 
hundred,*' — Dragwmes, John Trotman of Came, gent., and 
Thomas Tyndall of Stinchcombe, gen., between them. John 
Trotman of Stinchcombe, gen. p. 409.. 

Entries m Cam Registers. 

The first volume of the parish registers of Cam commences in 
the year 1569, and ends in 1708. The entries relating to the 
members of the Trotman family were extracted in 1883, and are 
here printed. 

Baptisms, 1569-1708?. 

Dorothy, daughter of Morrice Trotman; 
Ursilla, daughter of Thomas Trotman. 
Maryan, daughter of Thomas Trotman. 
Alice, daughter of Morris Trotman. 
William, son of Thomas Trotman. 
Nicholas, son of Thomas Trotman. 
Ursilla^ daughter of Griffith Trotman. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
John, son of Richard Trotman. 
Richard, son of Griffith Trotman. 
Margret, daughter of Richard Trotman* 
Cicily, daughter of John Trotman. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Sarah, daughter of Griffith Trotman. 
Mary, daughter of John Trotman. 
Thomas, son of Edward Trotman. 
Agnes, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Elinor, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Maurice, son of Edward Trotman. 
ELatherine, son of Richard Trotman. 
Mary, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Martha, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Throgmarton, son of Edward Trotman. 
Joseph, son of John Trotman. 
Katherine, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Katherine, daughter of John Trotman. 
Cicily, daughter of Edward Trotman. 
Robert, son of Richard Trotman. 
Anne, daughter of John Trotman. 


July 16- 


Aug. 5. 


Sep. 25. 


May 14. 


Me^ 20. 


Dee. I. 


Feb. 26. 


Feb. 15. 


June 13. 


Aug. 19. 


Oct. 21. 


Jime 10. 
Sep. 25. 



Jan. 29. 
July 27. 



Aug. 30. 


Apr. 17. 


Apr. 4. 


June 19. 


July 24. 


Dec. 24. 


Feb. 5. 


July 21. 




May I. 


an. 12. 
^ov. 7. 



Apr. 15. 


Aug. 14. 

^4 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries* 

1599. Sep. 27. Susan, daughter of John Trotman. 

„ Feb. 17. Samuel, son of Edward Trotman. 

1608. Feb. 26. Elizabeth, d. of Richard Trotman, taylor^ 

j'6o9. July 2. Anne, daughter of Thomas Trotman. 

1610. Dec. 23. Richard, son of William Trotman. 

161 2. Sep. 19. William, son of Richard Trotman, taylon 

,, Sep. 20. Silvester, daughter of Maurice Trotman. 

„ Jan. 9. Edward, son of William Trotman. 

1614. Jan. 9. Anne, daughter of Maurice Trotman* 
„ Feb. 5. John, son of William Trotman. 

„ Feb. 21. John, son of John Trotman, jun* 

161 5. June 15. Anne, daughter of Maurice Trotman^ 

1617. Oct. 20. Anne, daughter of Richard Trotman, taylor* 

1 61 8. Feb. 21. Elizabeth, daughter of Maurice Trotman. 

1 619. July II. Alice, daughter of William Trotman. 

„ Oct. 3. Margret, daughter of Richard Trotman. 

„ Feb. 13, Nicholas, s. of Edward Trotman, of the Steps- 

1 62 1. May 13. Alice, daughter of Maurice Trotman. 

1 62 1 . Aug. 1 1 . Joane, daughter of Richard Trotman, taylor.- 

1622. Aug. 30. Margret, daughter of William Trotman. 

1623. Feb. 8. Thomas, son of Mr. Henry Trotman. 
1625. May 7, Ellin, daughter of Richard Trottman. 

„ June 7. Anthony, son of Henry Trottman. 

1627. June I. Daniel, son of Henry Trottman. 

1627. Sep. 22. Sarah, daughter of Robert Trottman. 

1629. Dec. 5. Anne, daughter of Robert Trotman. 

1632. Aug. 25. Hester, daughter of Robert Trotman. 

1634. Feb. 7. Thomas, son of John Trottman. 

„ Feb. 28. Daniel, son of Robert Trottman. 

[Here the Register begins to be badly kept.] 

1640. Dec. 17. Robert, son of Robert Trottman. 

1649. Jan. I. Hester, daughter of Edward Trotman. 

1 65 1. Jan. 2. Charles, son of Mr. Nicholas Trottman, of 

the Steps. 

1652. Mar. 30. Daniell, son of Edward Trotman. 

[Jan. 17 to 22. An erasure.] 

1653. Nov. 30. Anne, daughter of Mr. Nicholas Trotman. 
1655. Aug. 31. Edw. s. of Nicholas Trotman, of the Steps, 
1657. ^®^- ^^* Margarite, daughter of Nicholas Trotman, 

of the Steps. 

1 660. June 8. Hester, d. of Nicholas Trotman, of the Steps. 

1 662. Aug, 24. Elinor, d. of Nicholas Trotman, of the Steps- 

1 668. Oct. I o. Elizabeth, d. of William and Sarah Trotman, 

of Stinchcombe. 

1672. Sep. 27. John, s. of John and Susannah Trotman. 

1673. Mar. 10. Richard, s. of Robert and Judith Trotman* 
1675. June II. Mary, dau. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 

The Trotman Family, 



July I. 
Oct. 8. 
June 23. 
July 28. 
Jan. 13. 
Feb. 23. 

Feb. 8. 
Apr. 23. 
Nov. 13. 
Nov. 13. 
Apr. 12. 
Feb. II. 
Nov. 25. 
Mar. 30. 

uly 26. 
July 10. 

^ay 9. 

uly 7. 

an. 13. 
Sep. 6. 
July 28. 
June 13. 
1689-90. Jan. 3. 
Jan. 18. 
Jan. 15. 
Feb. 26. 
Mar. 18. 
Mar. 9. 
Sep. 9. 
July 18. 
Aug. 21. 
Feb. 16. 







1575- Oct. 17. 


Mar. 3. 


May 10. 


Oct. 26. 


May 14. 


May 12. 



June 9. 
Nov. 28. 



Sep. 26. 


Dec. 17. 


Aug. 11. 

Wm., s. of Jno. Trotman, gent., <S^ Susanna. 
Anne, d. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Judith, d. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
John, s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Mary, d. of Robert and Hannah Trotman. 
Mary, d. of William & Sarah Trotman, of 

Esther, d. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Tho., s. of Jno. T., gent., and Susanna. 
Daniel, son of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Sarah, d. of Robert and Hannah Trotman. 
Eliz., dau. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Robt., s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Edw., s. of Robert and Ann Trotman. 
Susannah, d. of John T., gent., & Susannah. 
Charles, s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Sarah, dau. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Richard, son of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Anne, d. of Robert and Hannah Trotman. 
Robert, s. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Richard, s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Sarah, d. of Robert and Judith Trotman. 
Daniel, s. of Robert and Hannah Trotman^ 

t Thomas .^] s. of Thomas & Anne Trotman^ 
lary, d. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
John, son of Thomas and Anne Trotman. 
William, s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman. 
Robert, s. of Robert and Hannah Trotman. 
Thomas, s. of Robert and Hannah Trotman^ 
John, son of Robert and Hannah Trotman, 
Samuel, son of Charles and Mary Trotman. 
John, son of Edward and Ruth Trotman. 
Sarah, d. of Edward and Ruth Trotman^ 

Weddings, 1575-1708. 

Thomas Narme, of Snowshill and Edith 

Lodwick Trotman and Mary Trotman. 
Griffith Trotman and Catherine Trotman. 
Richard Sellwin and Edith Trotman. 
John Sebron,fl/j. Plomer and Alice Trotman^ 
JefFery Lyppiat and Dorothy Trotman. 
Gyles Hytchings and Alice Trotman. 
Richard Haines and Catherine Trottman. 
Richard Harding and Margaret Trotman. 
John Somers and Ursilla Trotman. 
Thomas Dorney and Joane Trotman. 
Daniel Harding and Elinor Trotman. 


56 Gloucestershire Noies and Queries* 

William Trotman and Agnes Trotman^ 
Maurice Trotmani and Mary Trotman. 
Lawrence Sommer^, sen., and Catherine 
Trotman, widcTw* 

John Hollister and Alice Trotznan. 
ISchxAM HBPfef and Anne Trotiflan. 
Mr. Isaac Bfomwich and Mris Anne 

Robert Trotttnan and Hester Watkins. 
Edward Trotman and Mary Thayre. 
[The Rerister now begins to be irregular.] 
John Hidces and Ailn Trattman. 
No marriages recorded from 1640 to 1649.} 

William Trotman and Elizabeth Creed« 
Edward Nelme and Alice Trotman. 

[Blank to 1655.I 
John Baglan and Mary Trotman^ 
John Maynard and Anna Trotman. 
Williaffl Howell and Hester Trottoan. 
Joseph Hulong (?) and Anne Trotman. 
Charles Bendall and Elizabeth Trotman, of 

William Trotman and Sarah Bendal, both 

of Stinchcombe. 
John Hampton, of Kingswood, and Maty 

Trotman, of Cam. 
John Hickes and Sarah Trotman, both of 

William Simmons, of Cam, and Elizabeth 

Trotman, of Slimbridge. 
Matthew Crew, of Wotton-under-Edge, and 

Esther Trotman, of Cam. 
Robert Trotman and Judith Trotman, both 

of Cam. 
Thomas Nicola and Mary Trotman. 
Thomas Trotman and Ann Allie* 

Burials, 1570-1708* 

Joane Reinoles, servant of Richard Trotman^ 
Ursilla, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Alice, wife of John Trotman. 

John Trotman the elder. 
Nicholas Trotman his son. 
Maryan, daughter of Richard Trotman. 
Catherine Powell, servant of Richard 

Trotman, jun. 
Richard, son of Maurice Trotman. 
Maurice Trotman. 


Sep. 12. 
Apr. 27. 
June II. 



Aug. 23. 
Nov. 3a. 
Jtme I. 





Sep. 18. 
Nov. 5. 

[The Ri 
, uly 16. 

[No mar 
April 19. 
June 17. 



Sep. 30r 
Dec. ij. 
Dec. 15. 
Nov. 24. 
Nov. 6. 


Oct. 26. 


Mar. 5. 


Mar. 25. 


Nov. 21. 


Dec. 13. 


June 19. 


Dec. 8. 
July 5- 



Jan. 13. 
Feb. 7. 
May 17. 
July 29. 


June 8. 
Aug. 19. 


Jan. II. 
Aug. 19. 



July 29. 
Mar. 14. 


Apr. 2.|4 


June i6« 


Oct. 20. 

1 601. 

Nov. 1 1 . 


Mar. 26. 


Feb. 8. 


Apr. 7. 


Sept. 8. 


Feb. 17. 


Oct. 30. 


Apr. 13. 


The Trotman Family. l^ 

J' 59'- June 15. Katherine, wife of Richard Trotman. 
„ „ Katherine, daughter of Richard Trotman^ 

John Trotmati the eWer/ 
Richard Trotman/ 
Agnes Trotman. 
GriflSth Trotman. 

Susan' daughter of John Trotman. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Richard Trotmari. 
Catherine Trotman, of Upthrop, widow. 
Alice, wife of Edward Trotman, of y* Courte. 
George Lewis, servant of Edward Trotman* 
Mary, wife of Richard Trotman, of Lower 

Alice, wife of Edward Trotman. 
Sylvester, daughter of Maurice Trotman. 
lUchard, son of John Trotman. 
Edward Trotman, of the Court House. 
[Here follows a serious gap, for the burials from 161 5 to 1639 

are wholely wanting.] 
1641. Peb« 7« John Trotman, of Nasse Court, gent., aged 
80 years. 
[No other entry this year.] 
f 643. May 2. Margaret, daughter of Katem Trottman. 
[No entries in the years 1645-6-7, and the register is much 
neglected up to 1649. J 

1649. Sep# I. Agnice Trotman, widow, of Cowlye's MilL 
1 650^1 « Jan. 24* Mrs. Margaret Trotman, widow, of y* Knap, 
aged 90 years. 

1652. Apr. 14. Mary, wife of Robert Trotman. 

1653. Dec. 27. Elizabeth, wife of Nicholas Trotman, of 

[No other entry this year. J 
1 66 1 -2. Jan. 28. Mr. Henry Trotman. 

1662. Dec. 14. Hester, daughter of Nicholas Trotman, of 

y* Steps. 
„ Mar. II. Mrs. Anne Trotman, widow. 

1663. Apr. 23. Elizabeth Trotman. 
„ Oct. 10. Edward Trotman. 

„ Oct. 28. Mrs. Margaret Trotman, of the Stepps, 
widow, aged above 80 years. 

1664. Nov. 30. Robert Trotman. 

1666. Sep. 8« Nicholas Trotman of Upthrop. 

1668. Oct. 7. Elizabeth, d. of Richard and Jane Trotman. 
„ Nov. 20. Mary Trotman, widow. 

1671. Sep. 26. Mary Trotman. 

1675. May 3. Richard Trotman. 

1 68 1. June 18. Joan Trotman, widow. Affidavit of burial 
in sheepswool only, sworn June 22 by 
Susanna Bendall and Judith Trotman. 


June 10 
Dec. 23 



July 5- 

Apr. 14. 
Dec. 8. 

28 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

i68i-2.Mar. 16. Charles, son of Mr. Nicholas Trotman. 
Affidavit of burial in sheepswool only, 
sworn March 17 by Hester Pumell and 
Elizabeth Atwood before, Mr. Edward 
Towgood, minister of Dursley. 

1682. Sep. I. Deborah Trotman. Affidavit of burial in 

sheepswool by Susannah Bendall and 
Frances Harding. 

1683. June 17. Mary Trotman, widow. Affidavit of burial 

in sheepswool sworn June 22 by Winifrid 
Clarke and Margaret Dangerfield, before 
Charles Stock, rector of Stanley Regis. 
1685. July 12. Sarah, daughter of Robert and Judith 
Trotman, buried in wool only. 
John Trotman. 
Elizabeth Trotman. 

Daniel Trotman, churchwarden, [? buried]. 
John son of Robert and Hannah Trotman. 
Mris Anne, daughter of Mr. Nicholas 

'705- J"Iy 2- Mrs. Anne, wife of Mr. Nicholas Trotman. 
1706-7 Jan. 22. Mr. Nicholas Trotman. 

[End of first volume of the register.] 

Notes about Durslejr. 

ACCORDING to the return of Endowed Charities issued 
by the House of Commons in 1868, there is at Dursley 
a charity consisting of tenements and stock producing together 
;^23 : 16 : 3, which is known by the name of "Finnimore and 
Hevens." Mr. Blunt, in his Dursley, further refers to it, and states 
that it was the gift of Richard Fynnimore and Thomas Heven, 
that the original deed was lost in the seventeenth centur}^ but 
that a new one of Charles the Second's reign was preserved in the 
parish chest. There is no doubt that this statement in a 
material particular is incorrect. Fynnimore and Heven were 
not the donors, but merely the surviving trustees, who on the 
4th September, 27 Henry VI H., 1536, conveyed the property, 
a certain messuage in Silver Street, Dursley, to new feoffees. 
They, in conjunction with others, had obtained the property by 
a feofment dated 20th June, 10 Henry VIII., 1495, from Richard 
Yate and Thomas Withyford. We are at present unable to say 


Avtes about Durslcy, 29 

if Yate and Withyford were the original donors ; j)robal)ly like 
Fynnimore and Heven, they were merely the surviving feofl'ecs 
or trustees. 

The appointment of new feoffees by Fynnimore and Ileven 
is still extant, and by the kindness of Messrs. Vizard, Wenden 
& Son, we are able to give a copy of this deed. As giving the 
boundaries of the property, and as supplying the names of some 
of the leading inhabitants of Dursley in the reign of Henry 
VIII., it will be of some interest to the reader. 

Christi fidelibus ad quos presens scriptura pervenerit Ricardus 
Fynymore et Thomas Hevyn de Duisley in comitatu Glouccstrie 
clothiers Salutem Sciatis quod nos prefatos Ricardum Fynymore 
et Thomara He\7n tradidisse feoffasse et hoc prescnti scripto 
nostro liberasse et dimisisse Thome Presy Ballivo ce Durseley 
predicta Augustino Fynch Thome Smallwoode Johanni Hoskyns 
senioriEdmundoWulworthe Johanni Dery Willelmo Hevyn Thome 
Hyll seniori Nicholao Galon Willelmo Attwoode Thome Fynche 
Thome Polle Johanni Hyll Thome Hyll juniori Robert Fy*more 
Thomas F/mor* Johanni Sraalwoode Ricardo Dery Nicholao 
Trottman Johanni Lewys Willelmo Dery Thome Attwoode 
Willelmo Thomas Johanni Hoskyns juniori Nicholao Davyes 
Augustino Davyes Thome Wulworth Johanni Fynch et Johanni 
Watkyns unum Burgagium situatum in Burgo ville de Durseley 
predicta in comitatu predicto cum Gardino eidem adjacenti 
prout ibidem in quodam vico ducenti versus Woodmancoote in 
longitudini inter tenementum Nicholai Wykys armigeri ex una 
parte et tenementum in quo Johannes Heysooke modo in habitat 
ex altera parte Quod latitudine extendit se a predicto vico 
anterius versus cimiterium ecclesie parochiane ibidem posterius 
quod quidem tenementum sive burgagium et gardinum cum 
omnibus suis pertinentiis nos prefati Ricardus Fynymore et 
Thomas Hevyn simul cum Georgio Dav>'es Johanne Davyes filio 
Willelmi Davyes Thoma Davys juniori, Thoma Austeyn, Thoma 
Trolley, Ricardo Sprott, Johanne Lewys, Willelmo Austeyn, 
Willelmo Sprott, Ricardo Samforde, Johanne Sherman, Johanne 
Harmer, Helia Trottman, Willelmo Parker, Johanne Stynchcombe, 
Roberto Bertelet, Johanni Payne, Thoma Stynchcombe, Edmundo 
Gybbys, Johanne Sprott, Roberto Pacy, Johanne Gennyver et 
David Williams modo defunctis inter alia nuper habuimus 
ex dono et feoffamento Ricardi Yate et Thome Withyford 
generosorum prout per quandam cartam eorum nobis inde 


30 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

confectam cujus datum est apud Durseley predictam vicesimo 
die junii anno regni regis Henrici Septimo post conquestutn 
decimo plenius appareat Habendum et Tenendum predictum 
Burgagium et Gardinum cum omnibas suis pertinentiis prefatis 
Thome Presye Augustine Fynch Thome Smallwoode Johanni 
Hoskyns Edo' Wulworth Johanni Dery Willelmo Hevyn Thome 

Hyll Galon Willelmo Attwoode Thome Fynch Thome Polle 

Johanni Hyll Thome Hyll Roberto F/moi' Thome Fynymoi* 
Johanni Smalwood Ricardo Dery Nicholao Trottman Johanni 
Lewys Willelmo Dery Thome Attwoode Wilielmo Thomas 
Johanni Hoskyns Nicholao Davyes Augustino Davyes Thome 
Wolworth Johanni Fynch et Thome Watkyns heredibus et 
assignatis suis imperpetuum Reddendo inde annuatim capitalibus 
dominis feodi illius duodecim denarios argenteos et tolecestriam 
servicium ibidum vocatum Tolleale secundum consuetudinem Burgi 
predicti tollecestriam servicie ecclesiastice vocatam the churchalle 
omnimodo exceptis et reservatis pro omni servicio exactionibus 
et demandis Sciatis insuper nos predicti Ricardus Fynymot' et 
Thomas Hevyn attomasse et in loco nostro posuisse dilectos 
nobis in Christo Robertum Thomas et Thomam Mayhowe de 
Durseley predicta nostro veros et legitimes attomatos conjunctim 
et divisim ad intrandum vice et nomine nobis in predictum 
Burgagium cum pertinentiis ad possessionem inde Capiendam 
ct post possessionem sic inde captam et habitam deinde plenam 
et pacificam possessionem et seisinam eorundem predictis Thome 
Presye Augustino Fynch Thome Smalwoode Johanni Hoskyns 
Edo' Walworth Johanni Dery Willelmo Herrym Thome Hyll. . . . 
Galon Willelmo Atwoode Thome Fynch Thome Polle Johanni Hyll 
Thome Hyll Roberto F/mor' Thome Fynymor' Johanni 
Smalwood Ricardo Dery Nicholao Trottman Johanni Lewys 
Willelmo Thomas Johanni Hoskyns Nicholao Davyes Augustino 
Davys Thome Wulworth Johanni Fynch et Thome Watkyns vel 
eonim unum in hac parte secundum vim formam et effectum hujus 
prcsentis carte nostre inde confecte ratifacte et grate habentes et 
habituri totum et quicquid iidem attomati nostri fecerint sea 
alter eorum fecerit in premissis vel aliquo premissonim In cujus 
rei testimonium huic present! carte nostre Sigilla nostra appos- 
uimus Datum quarto die Septembris anno regni regis Henrici 
Octavi vicesimo septimo. 
Note. — Two seajs have been appended, but both are now lost. 


The Father of Robert Fitz Harding. 

We reprint from Notes and Queries^ 5th series, xii., 362, the 
following article on the ancestry of the Berkeley family. 

Robert fitz Harding of Bristol was one of those pre-eminent 
local men who leave behind them a name which will deservedly 
last as long as the town they benefited. Moreover, Robert was 
the founder of the only baronial family of the middle ages 
which has preserved its direct main line down to the present 
day without one instance of reversion to a distant collateral. 
From Robert downwards very few families have been so minutely 
and accurately recorded, but about Robert's father, Harding, 
everything seems uiK:ertain. The canons of the abbey, founded 
by Robert, discovered long after that Harding was " son of a 
king of Denmark," a statement as vague as it is improbable. 
Smythy the family historian, says Harding died Nov. 5, about 
1 115, and that his wife. Robertas mother, bore the unusual name 
of lividia. Smyth, and more minutely, Seyer (Memoirs of Bristol^ 
vol. L ch. iv.), investigated the question of bis identity with 
"Harding, son of Ednoth the staller," and Harding, son of 
Elnod, presumed to be the same, which Dr. Freeman admits 
Norm. Cong,, iv. p. 757). According to Smyth, Harding was 
provost of Bristow, and had other sons besides Robert, named 
Nicholas, £lias, Maurice, and Jordan. About Nicholas he 
apparently knew nothing. Yet it seems clear to me he was 
the Nicholas fitz Harding, who besides holding a knight's 
fee of the old feoffment of the honour of Gloucester, in 1 166 held 
two knights' fees in capitt in Somerset, and describes in his 
return the subfeofiments made in the reign of Henry I. by his 
lather, whose son and heir he, of course, was. No one has yet 
attempted to identify him or his lands, but he certainly was the 
ancestor of the family of de Meriet, and as certainly his father 
was the " Harding, son of Alnod," who at the date of Domes- 
day Book (1086), was holding Meriet, Lopen, and four other 
manors in Somerset. When, in 11 66, Nicholas made the return 
concerning his military tenure, he must have been about seventy- 
six, which would accord very well with his being the eldest 
brother of Robert of Bristol. Robert named one of his sons 
Nicholas, and that Alnod or Elnod was also Robert's grand- 
father there is this interesting confirmation. Some of Alnod's 
lands in Dorsetshire had been acquired by Hugh, Earl of 

32 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Chester, among them Fifehide (Magdalen), which, long after 
Robert fitz Harding and his suzerain Ranulf, Earl of Chester, 
gave to the abbey of St. Augustine at Bristol. Earl Hugh had 
also in Dorset three manors which had been Elnod's, but I think 
— the reasons are too long to give here — that Harding, son of 
Ednoth, was rather uncle of "Harding, son of Alnod," than 
one and the same, being a generation earlier, having held lands 
in Somerset even in the reign of Edward the Confessor, 

Elias, son of Harding, was probably the Elias de Bevington 
in Berkeley who had a son Maurice. Maurice, son of Harding, 
was the first of this favourite Christian name with the Berkeleys, 
and may have been a godson of the Bishop of London. Jordan, 
another brother of Robert fitz Harding, mentioned by Smyth, 
was in all likelihood the father of those three brothers called 
** de la Warr," viz., Jordan, David (of Bristol), and Arthur, who 
witnessed, as nephews, charters of their uncle Robert. I think 
it very probable their father got his name from living in that 
vicus or street at Bristol called ** the Weir," from its proximity 
to the dam of the mills on the river Frome immediately beneath 
the castle walls. He was undoubtedly progenitor of the baronial 
family of " De la Warr," though it is not certain whether he was 
brother or brother-in-law of Robert fitz Harding. 


An old Tobacco Song^. — ^The following quaint verses — 
traditional in our parish — may perhaps be deemed worthy of 
preservation. I first heard them at the choir supper on New 
Year's Eve, 1888, from the lips of the late Mr. Joseph Grindon, 
"cordwainer" of this place. He was for 46 years parish clerk, 
and one of the last survivals of the ancient style of that order. 
As sung in all seriousness to a weird sort of chant by our good 
old friend, long ** churchwarden clay" in hand, and with 
appropriate gesture, this seemed to be nothing less than an ideal 
song for a man of his calling. 

The not obscure allusion to the doctrine of Purgatory in verse 
4 would appear to demand for this composition at least a 
respectable antiquity. 

Tobacco is an Indian weed : 

( J rows up i' the morn, cut down at eve ; 

Then it shews our decay, that we first came from clay; 

Think of this when you're smoking o* tobacco. 

An old Tobacco Song. 33 

The pipe that is so lily white, 

Wherein most men take great delight, 

O, it's broke with a touch — and men's lives are as such : 

Think of this when you're smoking o' tobacco. 

The smoke that from the pipe doth fly, 

It shews we're nought but vanity ; 

For its gone with a puff — and men's lives are as such : 

Think of this when you're smoking o' tobacco. 

The pipe that is so foul within, 

It shews men's souls are stained with sin ; 

Such as this do require to be cleansed by the fire : 

Think of this when you're smoking o' tobacco. 

The dust that from the pipe doth fall. 

It shews we're nought but dust at all ; 

For we came from the dust — and to dust return we must : 

Think of this when you're smoking o' tobacco. 

Westbniy-on-Sevem Vicarage. LEONARD WILKINSON. 

Notes about Westbury-on-Severn Centenarians.— 

I am much of opinion that the attainment of the great age of 
100 years is — in modem times at any rate — by no means so rare 
a feat as is popularly supposed. In this connection one cannot 
but regret that it so seldom seems to have occurred to the parish 
priests of days gone by to record the ages of the persons they 
buried. In our case this was not regularly done until the year 
1792; nevertheless, I have been able to cull from the burial 
Registers of the parish a considerable number of Centenarians, 
most of whom belong to the last fifty years. 

Oct. I, 1750, Mary Bayce, aged "above 100." 
June 6, 1 819, Hannah Cooke, aged 100 years. 
Nov. 23, 1843, Hester Sier, in her 100*** year. 
Mar. 23, 1844, Sarah Hopkins, aged 103 years. 
June 16, 1848, Thomas Woodhouse, in his 100*^ year. 
Mar. 28, 1865, Mary Dangerfield in her 100"* year. . 
April 6, 1866, John Hartland, in his 100*^ year. 
Feb. 18, 1867, Mary Daunter, aged 104 years. 

Westbory-on-Sevem Vicarage. LEONARD WILKINSON. 

VOL. V. D 

34 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

The Great Storm of 1703. 

IN addition to the account of the damage done in Gloucester- 
shire recorded in Nos. 918 and 1042, we give the 
following contemporary letter from the Rev. Thomas Chest, of 
Chepstow, which is extracted from Defoe's History of this 
terrible tempest. It is taken from an old copy, without date, 
entitled — -'A | Collection | of the most remarkable | Casualties 
and Disasters | which happen'd in the late dreadful | Tempest I 
both by I Sea and Land | on Friday, the twenty-sixth of 
November, | Seventeen Hundred and Three. 

"Sir — Upon the evening of Friday, Nov. 26, 1703, the wind 
was very high ; but about midnight it broke out with a more 
than wonted Violence, and so continued till near break of day. 
It ended a N. W. Wind, tho* about 3 in the Morning it was at 
S. W. The loudest cracks I observed of it, were somewhat 
before 4 of the Clock ; we had here the common Calamity of 
Houses shattered and Trees thrown down. 

But the Wind throwing the Tyde very strongly into the Severn, 
and so into the Wye on which Chepstow is situated. And the 
Fresh in Wye meeting with a Rampant tide, overflowed the 
lower part of our Town. It came into several Houses about 4 
foot high, rather more ; the greatest damage sustained in Houses 
was by the makers of Salt, perhaps their loss might amount to 
near /'200. 

But the Bridge was a strange sight; it stands partly in 
Monmouthshire and partly in Gloucestershire, and is built 
mostly of Wood, with a Stone Peer in the midst, the Center of 
which divides the two counties ; there are also Stone Platforms 
in the bottom of the River to bear the wood-work. I doubt not 
but those Stone Platforms were covered then by the great Fresh 
that came down the River. But over these there are Wooden 
Standards fram'd into Peers 42 Feet high ; besides Groundsils, 
Cap-heads, Sleepers, Planks, and (on each side of the Bridge) 
Rails which may make about 6 foot more, the Tyde came over 
them all. The length of the Wooden part of the Bridge in 
Monmouthshire is 60 yards exactly, and thereabout in Gloucester- 
shire; the Gloucestershire side suffered but little, but in 
Monmouthshire side the Planks were most of them carried away, 
the Sleepers (about a Tun by measure each) were many of them 
carried away, and several removed, and 'tis not doubted but the 
great Wooden Peers would have gone too ; but it was so, that 


The Great Storm of /70J. 35 

the outward Sleepers on each side of the Bridge were Pinn'd or 
Bolted to the Cap-heads, and so kept them in their places. All 
the level Land on the South part of Monmouthshire, called the 
Moors, was overflowed ; it is a tract of Land about 20 miles long, 
all Level, save 2 little points of High-land, or 3 ; the Breadth of 
it is not all of one size, the broadest part is about 2 miles and ^. 
This Tyde came 5 Tydes before the top of the Spring, according 
to the usual run, which surprized the People very much. Many 
of their Cattle got to shore, and some d/d after they were 
landed. It is thought by a . Moderate Computation they might 
lose in Hay and Cattle between 3 and 4000;^. I cannot hear of 
any persons drowned, save only one Servant Man that ventured 
in quest of his Master's Cattle. The People were carried off, 
some by Boats, some otherways, the days following; the last 
that came off (that I can hear of) were on Tuesday Evening, to 
be sure they were uneasy and astonished in that Interval. There 
are several reports about the height of this Tyde in the Moors, 
comparing it with that in Jan., 1606. But the account that 
seems likeliest to me, is, that the former Tyde ran somewhat 
higher than this. 'Tis thought most of their Land will be worth 
but little this 2 or 3 years, and 'tis known that the repairing the 
Sea Walls will be very chargeable. 

Gloucestershire, too, that borders upon Seveme, hath suffered 
deeply on the Forest of Deane side, but nothing in comparison 
of the other shore ; from about Harlingham down to the mouth 
of Bristol River Avon, particularly from Aust Cliff to the Rivers 
Mouth (about 8 miles) all that Flat, called the Marsh, was 
drowned. They lost many Sheep and Cattle. About 70 Seamen 
were drown'd out of the Canterbury Storeship, and other Ships 
that were Stranded or Wreck' d. The Arundel Man of War, 
Suffolk and Canterbury Storeships, a French Prize, and a Dane 
were driven ashore and damnified; but the Arundel and the 
Danish Ships are got off, the rest remain on Ground. The 
Richard and John of about 500 Tun, newly come into King- 
road from Virginia, was Staved. The Shoram rode it out in 
King-road ; but I suppose you may have a perfecter account of 
these things from Bristol. But one thing yet is to be 
remembered, one Nelms of that Coimtry, as I hear his Name, 
was carried away with his Wife and 4 children, and House and 
all, and were all lost, save only one Girl who caught hold of a 
Bough, and was preserved. There was another unfortunate 
Accident yet in these parts, one Mr. Churchman, that keeps the 
Inns at Betesley, a passage over the Severn, and had a share in 


36 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the passing Boats, seeing a single Man tossed in a Wood-buss off 
in the River, prevailed with some belonging to the Customs, to 
dany himself and one of his Sons, and 2 Servants aboard the 
Boat, which they did, and the officers desired Mr. Churchman to 
take out. the Man, and come ashore with them in their Pinnace. 
But he willing to save the Boat as well as the Man, tarried 
aboard, and sometime after hoisting Sail, the Boat overset, and 
they were all drowned, viz., the Man in the Boat, Mr. Churchman, 
his Son, and 2 Servants, and much lamented, especially 
Mr. Churchman and his Son, who were persons very useful in 
their neighbourhood. This happened on Saturday, about 1 1 of 
the Clock. 

Your humble Servant, 

Tho. Chest. 

The above account was from the Reverend Mr. Tho. Chest, 
Minister of Chepstow, whose Ingenious Account being given in 
his own Words, gives the best Acknowledgement for his 
forwarding and approving this design. 


The Sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1644-4S— The follow- 
ing from the Common^ Journals may be worth inserting in 
Gloucestershire Notes and Queries : — 

"Sept. 4, 1645. — The Ordinance for continuing of Thomas 
Stephens, Esq., to be High Sheriff for the County of Gloucester 
was read, and was in hcBc verba, * Whereas Thomas Stephens, 
Esquire, was, by Letters Patent, made High Sheriff of the County 
of Gloucester, quam diu nobis placuerit, upon a former Ordinance, 
made by the Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled; 
and took his oath for executing the said office in the month of 
June, 1644. It is therefore now Ordered and Ordained by the 
Lords and Commons in Parliament assembled, that the said 
Thomas -Stephens shall continue to execute the said office until 
a writ of discharge shall be to him delivered, or other order 
taken by this present Parliament ; and shall be saved harmless 
and indemnified in all Acts and Things by him done, in execution 
of the said office, from all Penalties and Damages whatsoever, 
by authority of this present Parliament.' " 

I am not clear as to the identity of this Sheriff; but assume 


The Sheriff of Gloucestershire in i6if^-6^. 37 

that he was Sir Thomas Stephens, of Sodbury, the eldest son of 
Edward Stephens, of Little Sodbury, by Anne, daughter pf 
Thonias Crewe (Vis. Glouc, 1682-3, p. 176). He married 
Catherine, daughter and co-heir of William Combs, of Stratford- 
upon-Avon, and received KLnighthood at the hands of Charles II. 
after the Restoration, on the i ith July, 1660. 

Leigh, Lancashire. W. D. PiNK 

General Sir Henry Errington Longden, K.C.B., C.S.L 

The following obituary notice of this gentleman, who was 
member of an old Gloucestershire family, appeared in the 
"Times" of i Feb., 1890:— 

** General Sir Henry Errington Longden, K.C.B., C.S.I., who 
died on Wednesday last [at Bournemouth, January 29], was the 
second son of Mr. Thomas Hayter Longden, D.L. and J. P., of 
Ennismore Gardens [see Glouc. N. & Q., Vol. III., p. 215, 245], 

38 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

and was educated at Eton and Sandhurst. After taking high 
honours in the senior department of the Royal Military College, 
he was commissioned to the loth Foot, and served with his 
regiment in the Sutlej campaign of 1845 ^^^ 1846, and was 
present at the Battle of Sobraon, for which he received a medal. 
He served under the Punjaub campaign of 1848-9, and was 
present during the whole of the siege operations before Mooltan 
— including the affair of the 9th of September — storming the 
enemy's strongly entrenched position on the 12th. In the course 
of this action he was buried under a portion of the fortifications, 
and after lying there some hours he was dug out unhurt. He 
took part in the Battle of Soorjkoond, carrying the heights on 
the 27th of December in command of his regiment, and receiving 
the surrender of the fortress as field-engineer. He was after- 
wards present at the surrender of the fort and garrison of 
Cheniote, and after a march of 60 miles, the day before Goojerat, 
he took a distinguished part in that final victory of the war. For 
these services he was made a brevet-major, received a medal and 
two clasps, and was mentioned in the despatches published in 
the London Gazette of March 7, 1849. Immediately after this 
he was selected by the Governor-General of India, Lord 
Dalhousie, to make a survey of the forests of the Himalayas, 
and he spent three years in this work, sending in a report that 
altered in a material manner the whole of the administration of 
this department. When affairs were going badly in the Crimea, 
he was one of the officers strongly pointed out by The Times as 
competent for high command [in the paper of 21 Nov., 1855], 
but he was left still in India, and was engaged with the Lawrences 
and Lord Napier in the early settlement of the Punjaub. He 
was home on leave when the Indian Mutiny broke out, and was 
ordered at once to join his regiment at Dinapore. He arrived 
just after the outbreak there, and the havoc made in his own 
regiment in the attempt to follow the mutineers ; and, with the 
command of a field force, he was sent after them, finding and 
utterly dispersing them. He commanded a field force again in 
the Azimghur and Joonpore districts, and captured the fort of 
Atrowlea. He then commanded an advanced guard of picked 
marksmen and guns of Frank's force in its march to Lucknow, 
and was engaged in the actions of Chanda, Umeerpore, and 
Sultanpore, and the attack upon the Fort of Dooraha. He was 
English officer of advice to the Goorkha Brigade at the siege 
and capture of Lucknow, and took part in the storming of the 


Gen. Sir H. Errington Longden. 39 

Begum's house and serai, the storming of the Emaumbara and 
Kaiserbagh, and the attack on the Moolvie, in Abassodowlah's 
Kumballah. He was present with a wing of the 13th Light 
Infantry at the first relief of Azimghur, and was then appointed 
Chief of the Staff to Lugard's force. In this capacity he was 
present at the passage of Touse, the second relief of Azinghur, 
the capture of Jugdespore, and several skirmishes in its vicinity. 
He was mentioned in despatches published in the London Gauiie 
on the 25th of May, the 17th of July, the loth and 31st of 
August, 1858, and the 24th of March, 1859. He received the 
Indian Medal and two clasps, with the brevet of colonel, and 
was made a C.B. for distinguished conduct under fire. After 
commanding his regiment at home, he was appointed Adjutant- 
General of India in 1865, and in 1869 he was made a C.S.I. 
He became major-general in i868, lieutenant-general in 1877, 
and hon. general in 1881. In 1883, he received the colonelcy 
of the 2nd Battalion of the Hampshire Regiment, and, on the 
promotion of the Prince of Saxe-Weimar in 1888, he became 
colonel of his old regiment, the loth. In 1886, he was created 

Sir Henry was laid to rest on Saturday, Feb. ist, in Brompton 
Cemetery in the same grave as his father and mother. Several 
old comrades were present, as well as his brother, General Charles 
Longden, and others of the family. A gratifying testimony has just 
come to hand in the last report of the Colonial and Continental 
Church Society, who say "The Samaden Chaplaincy has 
sustained a severe loss in the death of General Sir Henry Longden. 
He had been a regular visitor at Samaden every year for eighteen 
years. He often acted as churchwarden ; frequently read the 
lessons in church ; and was a liberal contributor to the Society. 
He was pleasant and genial to all, and will be much missed by 
all his friends, and not least, in the Engadine." 


The Gloucestershire Shakespeares.— The will of John 
Shakespeare, of Newton Bagpath, cooke, is dated 24 December, 
1623. The testator desired to be buried in the parish church of 
Newton Bagpath, and bequeathed all his goods and chattells to 
Margerye, his wife, whom he made sole executrix. The 
witnesses were Edward Selwin and Jane Selwin. The will was 
proved at Gloucester in 1624. 


40 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Anglo-Saxon Charters, A.D. 947-966. 

(Continued from No. 146 1, Vol. III., p. 604.) 

The undermentioned charters have reference, more or less, to 
Gloucestershire, and are to be found in Vol. iii. of Cartularium 
Saxonicum : a Collection of Charters relating to Anglo-Saxon 
History, A,D, g^S, by Walter de Gray Birch, F.S.A., etc., London, 
1890: — 

No. 882. Grant by King Eadred to Wulfric, " miles," of land 
at Burgtune, on the river Wenris, or Bourton-on- 
the- Water, on the river Windrush, A.D. 949.* 

* This charter is apparently alliterative or poetical. 

„ 887. Grant by King Eadred to Glastonbury Abbey, of 
land at Pucklechurch. A.D. 950. 

„ 927. Grant by King iEdwie, or Eadwi, to Wulfgar, 
Abbot of Bath, of land at Dyddenham, i>., 
Tidenham, or Tiddenham, near Chepstow, 
between the rivers Severn and Wye. A.D. 956. 

„ 928. Survey and Customs of TiTlenham. 

„ 929. Lease for life by the Convent of Bath to Archbishop 
Stigand, of the land at Tidenham. A.D. 1052- 

„ 936. Grant by King Eadwig to the Church of St. Peter 
at Bath, of lands at i^lvestun and iEsctun, or 
Alveston and Cold Ashton. About A.D. 955- 

„ 986. Grant by King Eadwig to his relative Byrhtelm, 
Bishop-elect of Wells, of land at Stowe [on-the- 
Wold ?] A.D. 956. 

„ 1089. Lease for three lives by Oswold, Bishop of 
Worcester, to Ealhferth, a "levita," of land at 
Cumtun, or Compton, in Henbury. A.D. 962. 

„ 1090. Another form of No. 1089. 

„ 1 09 1. Grant for life by Oswald, Bishop of Worcester, to 
the King^s thegn Alfwold, of Icind at Cungle, or 
Coin, with reversion to the mother of the grantee. 
A.D. 962. 

„ 1 105. Lease for three lives by Oswold, Bishop of 
Worcester, to the thegn iEthelnoth, of land at 
Heortford, or Harford, in Naunton, near 
Winchcomb. A.D. 963. 

„ 1 181. Lease for three lives by Oswold, Bishop of 
Worcester, to his thegn Wihtelm, of land at 
Cliflford-Chambers. A.D. 966. 3 jj g^ 


yohn SmytKs House at Nibley^ 


John Smyth's House at Nibley.— The residence at North 
Nibley of this famous Gloucestershire antiquary has long since 
been razed to the ground, though the entrance gateway still stands, 
or did, but a few years ago. Over it is inscribed the following : — 













A.D. 1807. 

These letters, doubtless inscribed by direction of Smyth 
himself, have puzzled many. They are initials of a Latin rime. 

Nunc mei, mox hujus ; 
Sed postea nescio cujus. 

We may venture to freely translate it thus : — 

To-day, 'tis mine, 
To-morrow, thine ; 
But whose next day, 
I cannot say. 

The house continued in Smyth's possession a third of a centuiy 
after the date of the above epigram, which was quite in accord- 
ance with his manner and feeling, as his histories clearly show. 
For long it remained in the possession of his descendants, sed 
postea^ as the second inscription shows, it passed away to the 
unknown successor. Still, though but the shadow of Smyth 
remains in the village he settled in, the histories of the Berkeleys 
and of the Hundred of Berkeley will keep alive the memory of 
a veiy remarkable and able man. y^ p ^ p 

VOL. V. E 


42 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Morality Plays at Gloucester. 

THE following appeared on the title-page of a small and 
very rare work, published in 1639, which is unnoticed in 
the leading bibliographical dictionaries : — 

** Mount Tabor, Or private exercises of a penitent Sinner, Serving 
for a daily Practice of the life of Faith, Reduced to 
special heads, comprehending the chiefe comforts and 
refreshings of true Christians: Also Certain occasional 
Observations and Meditations profitably applyed. Written 
in the time of a voluntary retrait from secular affaires. 
By R. W. Esquire. Published in the year of his age 75. 
Anno Dom. 1639. The Contents of the booke are 
prefixed. London. Printed by R. B. for P. Stephens and 
C. Meredith, at the gilded Lion in St. Paul's Churchyard, 
1639." i6mo. 3 Is. pp. 227. 

The name of the author is not recorded in Halbett & Laing's 
Dictionary. Fortunately the copy of this work in the British 
Museum Library supplies the information. On one of the fly- 
leaves is this M.S. entry : — " The author's name was Willis, as 
appeared from a writing on the back of the vellum cover in 
which it was originally bound. He was born in 1564." This 
agrees with the statement on the title-page as to his age. 
It is signed "Edm. Malone" (perhaps the Shakespearian 
commentator). The work itself affords us no clue to the actual 
birthplace of the writer, but from various passages in it, it is 
most probable he was a native of Gloucestershire. We have his 
own declaration (at p. 97) that he was educated " in the free 
Grammar Schoole, called Christ's Schoole in the City of 
Gloucester \'^ and his statement that he was taught there by 
"a new schoolemaster brought thither, one Master Gregory 
Dcwnhale, of Fsmbroke Hall^ in Cambridge^ after I had lost some 
time under his predecessor." One of the incidents of his child- 
hood, to be now narrated, relates to this City, where his 
father evidently dwelt. 

The title of Willis's work would scarcely lend any one to 
expect that it contained a remarkable description of a stage play 
acted in the city during the sixteenth century, and witnessed 
by the author. Such, however, is the fact, as the following 
transcript (pp. iio-i 14) will demonstrate : — 

Morctlity Plays at Gloucester^ 43 

" Vpon a Stage-Play which I saw when I was a child** 
In the City of Gloucester the manner is, (as I think it is in other 
like corporations,) that when Players of Enterludes come to towne, 
they first attend the mayor to enforme him what noble-man's 
servants they are, and so to get licence for their publicke playing; 
and if the Mayor like the Actors, or would show respect to their 
Lord and Master, he appoints them to play their first playe 
before himselfe, and the Aldermen and common-Counsell of the 
City ; and that is called the Mayor's play, where every one that 
will, comes in without money, the Mayor giving the players a 
reward as hee thinks fit, to shew respect unto them. At such a 
play, my father tooke me with him, and made me stand betweene 
his leggs, as he sate upon one of the benches, where we saw 
and heard very well. The play was called The Cradle of Security, 
wherein was personated a King, or some great Prince, with his 
Courtiers of severall kinds, amongst which three ladies were in 
speciall grace with him ; and they, keeping him in delights and 
pleasures, drew him from his graver Counsellors, hearing of 
sermons, and listning to good counsell admonitions, that in the 
end they got him to lye downe in a cradle upon the stage, where 
these three ladies, joyning in a sweet song, rocked him asleepe, 
that he snorted againe, and in the meane time closely conveyed 
under the cloaks where withall he was covered, a vizard like a 
swine's snout upon his face, with three wire chaines fastened there- 
unto, the other end whereof being hoi den severally by those 
three ladies who fall to singing again, and then discovered his 
face, that the spectators might see how they had transformed 
him, going on with their singing. Whilst all this was acting 
there came forth by the other door at the farthest end of the 
stage, two old men, the one in blew with a serjeant-at-armes, 
and his mace on his shoulders ; the other in red with a drawn 
sword in his hand, and leaning with the other hand upon the 
other's shoulder; and so they two went along in a soft pace 
round about by the skirt of the stage, till at last they came to 
the Cradle, where all the Court was in greatest jollity, and then 
the foremost old man with his Mace stroke a fearfull blow upon 
the Cradle ; whereat all the Courtiers with the three Ladies and 
the vizard all vanished ; and the desolate Prince starting up bare- 
faced, and finding himselfe thus sent for to judgement, made a 
lamentable complaint of his miserable case, and so was carried 
away by wicked spirits. This Prince did personate in the morall, 
the wicked of the world ; the three Ladies, Pride, Covetousnesse, 

^4 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

and Luxury ; the two old men, the end of the world and the 
last judgement. This sight tooke such impression on me, that 
when I came towards man's estate it was as fresh in my memory 
as if I had seen it newly acted. From whence I observe out of 
my owne experience, what great care should bee had in the 
education of children, to keepe them from seeing of spectacles 
of ill examples, and hearing of lascivious or scurrilous words ; 
for that their young memories are like faire writing tables, 
wherein if the faire sentences or lessons of grace bee written, 
they may, by God's blessing, keepe them from many vicious 
blots of life, where withall they may otherwise bee tainted; 
especially considering the generall corruption of our nature; 
whose very memories are after to receive evill then good ; and 
that the well-seasoning of the new Caske at the first, keepes it 
the better and sweeter ever after ; and withall wee may observe 
how farre unlike the Plaies and harmlesse morals of former times 
are to those which have succeeded, many of which, by report of 
others, may be termed schoolmasters of vice, and provocations 
to corruptions, which our deprived \sic\ nature is too prove unto : 
nature and grace being contraries." 

Copies of the above, containing important variations, will be 
found in European MagazitUy IX. (1786) 395-6; in Collier's 
Histofy of English Dramatic Poetry ^ II., 273 ; and of the larger 
portion of it in Baker's Biographia Dramatica (1812) II., 140. 
In the latter it is termed an interlude ; but perhaps its more 
correct name would be a morality play, the successor of the 
religious play performed by trade guilds at an earlier period. 
The same work assigns the date of its composition to some year 
between 1560 and 1570. Its representation was witnessed by 
Willis probably about 1575. No copy of this play is known to 
exist either in print or manuscript. It is mentioned in "A 
Tragedy on the History of Sir Thomas More" in Harl. M.S. 
7368. Also in the following passage copied from "The 
Pleasant Comedy of Patient Grissel," written by Dekker, &c., in 
1599, and published in 1603 : — 

Enter Bahulo with a Cradle, 

" Come, where be the infidels ? here's the Cradle of Security.*' 
(ed. of 1 84 1, p. 61). As a notice possibly of the earliest 
reference to the performance of a stage play in Gloucester the 
foregoing is of much interest. T. N. Brushfield, M.D. 

Salterton, Devon. 


Gloucestershire VTiUs. 

FROM time to time we shall give short abstracts of miscell- 
aneous Wills of Gloucestershire persons. The value of these 
to genealogists and local antiquaries is happily now well known, 
and doubtless they will be welcomed by many readers who have 
no opportunity of making searches themselves in the Probate 
Registries at Gloucester and Somerset House. F. L. M. R. 

John Trye^ of dinger, gentleman. Will dated 4 July, 1681, 
appoints his wife Lydia, executrix, and directs his heir-at-law 
to pay his daughter Lydia Trye £loo^^,^\ years of age. 

Witnesses — Hen. Weston, Chr. Hanby, sen., the mark of 
Daniell Bendall. Proved at Gloucester. 

Timothie Steevens^ of Chavening, Horsley, Glouc, bachilor. 
19 Sept., 1638. — To be buried in the churchyard of Tetbuiy; 
to my aunt Margaret Steevens, of Charlton, ;^io; to my aunt 
Katherine Masters, of Charlton, ;^io ; Toby Pegler and his son 
William Pegler; to five of my uncle Dockett's children, /"so ; 
residuary legatee and executor, William Dockett the younger, of 
Woodchester ; overseers : Thomas Miller and Jonathan Wickes. 
Signed, the mark X of Thomas Steevens, Jonathan Wickes, the 
mark X of William Webb. Proved 24 October, 1638. 

P.C.C., Lee 128. 

Maty Estcouri^ of Lashborowe, widow. 23 May, 1643. Directs 
my cousin Charles Estcourt, clerk, son of my cousin Edmund 
Estcourt, Esq., to preach my funeral sermon ; my cousin Thomas 
Estcourt, of Shipton Moigne, Esq., by the name of T. E., of 
Lincoln's Inn, Esq., is bound in ;^iooo to be paid at the Tolsey 
House, Tedbury, upon the 183rd day after my death ; names his 
brother Edmund ; bequest to William Savage, now living with 
me, son of my cousin Francis Savage, of Tedbury, when of age, 
remainder to the other children of Francis Savage ; bequest to 
Anne Master, now living with me, daughter of Sir William Master, 
of Cirencester, at the day of her marriage or 1 8, with remainder 
amongst my god-children, Thomas, George, and Mary Master, 
the three other children of Sir William Master; my god-daughter, 
Mary Sperte, now living with me, daughter of Robert Sperte, 
gent., deceased ; the poor of Dursley, Cirencester, and Newton- 
Bagpath; gives legacies to servants, specific bequests- to the 

46 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Master family ; names also, besides other legatees, cousin John 
Savage, son of Anthony Savage, Esq., deceased ; cousin Charles 
Savage, Esq., of Ted bury, deceased; Mary Savage, daughter of 
my brother Giles Savage ; my sister Savage, of Elmley ; brother 
George Savage ; cousin Mary Daston ; cousin Edward Hungerford, 
Esq., of Cadnam ; co usin Francis Savage, of Tedbury ; cousin 
John Savage, now 1 iving with me ; cousin Sir Giles Estcourt, 
Knt. ; cousin Thomas Savage, son of my brother Giles Savage ; 
cousin John Shepphard, of Tedbiuy ; cousin Thomas Estcourt, 
of Shipton Moigne, and his brother Edmund; cousin dame 
Alice, wife of Sir William Master, Knt. ; cousin Edmund Estcourt, 
of Newton-Bagpath. Proved 14 Nov., 1646. P.C.C. Huisse, i6j. 

Sir John Bridgeman of Prinknash, Knight, chief justice of 
Chester. Dated 5 February, 1637. Lady Frances, my wife; 
my son, George Bridgeman ; John Bridgeman, son of my son 
George ; my son, John Bridgeman ; my daughter Mary ; my 
cousin, Anne Catchnay. Proved at Gloucester, 23 March, 1637. 

i^/i-iianf ^a//, of Beverston, clerk, i January, 1637. To be 
buried in the chancel of the parish church of Beverston. Wife, 
Elizabeth Hall, was sole executrix. Witnesses, Henry Bolde, 
Lucy Hyde, Thomas Woodroflfe, clerk, Thomas Hyde. 

On the seal are three. . . .heads erased between 9 roundels. 

Mr. Hall died 30 June, 1638, and his will was proved at 

For particulars of this rector of Beverston, see Blunt's Dunley 
and Us Ndghbourhood, p. 156. 

Joane Pumell^ of North Nibley, widow. 16 January, 161 7. 
Names my son, Thomas Pumell ; son, Francis Pumell ; daughters, 
Elizabeth Milwater, Mary Cole, Agnes Marten, Joane Flower, 
and son-in-law, Robert Flower, and son-in-law, Morris Andros ; 
five of my daughters, Mary Cole, Ellinor Andros, Edith James, 
Jane James, and Joane Flower; to the Poor, 20s.; Elizabeth 
Milwater, daughter of Thomas Milwater; Margaret Cole and 
Alice Cole, daughters of Thomas Cole ; Mary, daughter of George 
James ; Rebecca, daughter of Jane James ; and the rest of my 
children's children; Mary, daughter of Thomas Milwater; Elinor, 
daughter of Thomas Andros : god-children, Joan Hoskins and her 
daughter Joan, Elizabeth Cole, and Robert Jobbins; Edith 
Androes ; Joan Trotman, late wife of my son, Robert Pumell. 

Gloucestershire Wills. 47 

Executor, son, Thomas Purnell ; overseers, sons, Thomas and 
Francis ; witnesses, Ambrose Doninge, John Robertes, Frauncis 
Phelps, Margerie Purnell, Elizabeth Fowler. 

Proved 5 June, 1619, by Thomas Purnell, the son. 

P.C.C. Parker, sS* 

John Shakespeare, of the parish of Newington Bagpath, cooke. 
24 December, 1623, bequeaths all his goods and chattells to his 
wife Margeiye Shakespeare, and appoints her sole executrix. 
Signed, John Shakespeare, x his mark. Witnesses, Edward 
Selwin, Jane Selwin, x her mark. Proved at Gloucester. 


Frocester ChapeL 

THE reader will be glad to learn that at length steps have 
been taken to place the old chapel at Frocester in a 
proper state of repair. In replj to some inquiries made 
respecting it, a correspondent in Frocester, who has taken much 
interest in the matter, has supplied the following account of the 
chapel. It is from the pen of the present vicar of Frocester, 
the Rev. William Symonds, M.A. It will be seen that further 
money is required to complete the repairs to the building. 
Subscriptions for this purpose may be sent to the vicar of 
Frocester. Editor. 

In 1883, in the January number of Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries, vol. II., p. 283, attention was called to the neglected 
and decayed state of the interesting old Jacobean Chapel at 
Frocester. This building has lately been repaired, some work 
having been taken in hand in December, 1888, and continued at 
various intervals until January, 1891, and the building is now in 
regular use for divine service. Frocester Chapel was erected on 
its present site between 1676 and 1691, the year 1680 being the 
probable date. The materials of which it was constructed were 
brought from Frocester Court on the demolition of the private 
chapel there, being given by the executors of Viscount Downe, 
Sir William Ducie, Bart, K.B., whose niece and heiress, Elizabeth 
Ducie, brought the estates of Woodchester, Frocester Court, 
etc., to the Moretons. The arms of this old family of Ducie, 
of Frocester Court, are displayed on the oak ceiling of the 
chancel of the Chapel, upon the second boss from the east end 
{pr^ a fessezwr between three cinquefoils gules). 

48 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

An interesting question arises ; when was this private chapel 
at Frocester Court built? (i)Was it in existence before the 
dissolution of the abbey of Gloucester, when the Abbot of 
Gloucester, as lord of the manor of Frocester, held his manor 
courts at the Court House? Or (2), was it built by John 
Huntley, who bought Frocester Court of the Court of Augment- 
ations in 1554, and rebuilt the house (Bigland, I., 606) prior to 
the visit of Queen Elizabeth ? Or (3), was it an addition made 
by Sir Robert Ducie, when he acquired the property in 1628? 
On the cornice of the oak ceiling in the nave, occurs the date 
1637, followed by the initials E. W., which lends support to the 
last theory. On the whole it seems probable that the bell-gable 
and a small single-light window in the north wall of the existing 
building, which appear to belong to the Tudor style, are parts of 
an older chapel at Frocester Court, and that the oak ceilings of 
the nave and chancel which respectively bear the date 1637 ^^^ 
the Ducie arms are an enrichment added by Sir Robert Ducie 
some nine years after he purchased the property. Portions of 
old oak panelling, which had been worked up into pews, and 
are now set against the walls, are very similar in character to the 
existing panelling at Frocester Court, and doubtless came from 
there, having been erected in the private Chapel at the same 
time as the ceiling. The following would appear to be a fair 
summary of the history of the building : — 

Erected at Frocester Court in the Tudor period. 

Ceiled with oak, and otherwise enriched by Sir Robert Ducie 

in 1637 (E. W. being perhaps the carver). 
Given to the parish by the executors of Viscount Downe : and 

re-erected about 1680 on a site given by Lady Brooke 

near the cross roads. 
Repaired and much altered, 181 2. 
In course of restoration, 1891. 

A print of the chapel as it appeared before the alterations of 
1812 occurs in Bigland's Gloucestershire. The view there given 
shews an east window of 3 lights, with trefoiled heads, a small 
single light window in the south chancel wall, and stone copings 
on the ridge of each gable. These features disappeared after 
the alterations of 1 812, and the exterior was further disfigured 
by four massive but clumsy buttresses erected at that period to 
resist the thrust of the heavy roof, which had begun to spread, 

Froc ester Chapel. 49 

and moved the wall plate to a dangerous extent. To increase 
the accommodation, the chancel was lengthened by several feet 
eastwards, and in the new east wall a window was inserted, with 
wooden mullions, in the worst style of carpenter's gothic. The 
present unsightly chancel arch, with roughly constructed brick- 
work, was substituted for the older work under the bell-gable, 
probably to secure greater openness ; the chancel was filled with 
high pews, in elm, lined with green baize ; a western gallery was 
put up, and the pulpit erected in the form of a "two-decked" 
over the reading-desk in the north window of the nave, and a 
poor west window was inserted to match that in the east wall of 
the church. The altar was put upon a new platform, with rails 
and some seats inserted in the walls on the north and south of 
it for the poor people. 

During the recent repairs, the stone copings on the east wall 
of the nave and of the chancel, destroyed in 181 2, have been 
restored, that on the east gable of the chancel being surmounted 
by a cross. A stone mullioned east window, Tudor in character, 
of three lights, has been substituted for the carpenters' work of 
181 2. The little north chancel window, which had been built 
up and plastered, has been re-opened, and has received internally 
a new stone face, where it had been destroyed. The south 
window of the nave has been repaired in a conservative manner, 
the western gallery removed, and the stone tiling on nave and 
chancel relaid, the latter on felt and boards. The old oak 
panelling has been experimentally placed against the side walls, 
which have been roughly pointed internally, and the font, which 
was broken, re-erected near the door. During the repairs, part 
of an old stone piscina was found in the masonry of the sill of 
the north window of the chancel ; it is now lying just outside 
the principal entrance. Another discovery was a wall decoration, 
consisting of texts, in good bold black-letter type, with a border 
of conventional roses. From various indications of paint, it 
appears that the whole of the nave was thus decorated. 
Unfortunately the plaster had been almost entirely removed 
before this decoration was found; and what was left, mostly 
flaked olOf on any attempt to remove the various coats of white- 
wash and yellow-wash with which it had been coated; but a 
specimen has been left just over the font. We may imagine that 
there cannot be much decoration of this period extant, so this 
example is almost unique ; and though rude, it is certainly inter- 
esting. About ;^250 has been lately raised and spent upon ^e 


50 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

repair and furniture of the Chapel. Work remaining to be done 
includes coping on west gable, west window, chancel arch, south 
chancel window, north chancel wall (repair), restoration of 
ceiling, &c., &c. Altogether, not less than ;^20o is required. 
The Chapel is always open by day, and visitors are most welcome 
to see it. 


Beverston Church.— The following account of this Church 
is compiled from notes taken fifteen years ago. 

Beverston Church stands at some little distance from the 
village on the north side of the Castle, and is surrounded by a 
somewhat spacious churchyard. The church is dedicated to 
St. Mary. In plan the building consists of a nave with aisle on 
the south side ; a chapel belonging to the lord of the manor, 
now used as a vestr}' ; a chancel and a tower at the west end. 
In the chancel is a piscina occupying the angle which is identical 
in design with the one in the large chapel in Beverston Castle. 
The credence shelf, however, has disappeared. There is a 
priest's door on the south side of the chancel now, however, 
unused. There are several floorstones and tablets in the chancel, 
most of which are described in Mr. Blunfs History of Beverston. 
In the Berkeley chapel, on the north side of the nave, is a 
curious "skew" passage in the south-east comer, which evidently 
led into the chancel, though it is now blocked up at one end. 
In the nave the most notable object is an extremely fine pulpit 
of Edwardian date. It is of carved stone, but stands upon a 
modern base ; a portion of the old one, however, is still preserved 
in the tower. The south aisle is separated from the nave by a 
very fine arcade supported by pillars, having some good capitals 
and bases; the latter being apparently left untouched in the 
restoration. Nor must we omit to notice a splendid window of 
large size in this aisle in the late decorated style. There is also 
a south doorway with porch, and on the opposite side the north 
doorway, now blocked up. It may be noted that the custom 
of separating the sexes at divine service was still retained here 
in the time of the late rector ; the men sitting on the south side, 
and the women on the north. Outside the church, high above 
this northern door, several sepuchral slabs, incised with crosses of 
very good design, may be seen worked up amongst the masonry. 
The tower is a plain, uninteresting erection, plastered upon the 
outside, and surmounted by battlements. The lower stage seems 


Beverston Chvrck, 51 

to be the earliest part of the church, and bears traces of Norman 
work; but the upper part is of Edwardian date. The windows 
of the belfry are of two lights, pointed and cusped exteriorly, 
but they are divided by a plain, square mullion inside, with the 
heads filled up by an equally plain tympanum. The lower 
windows are small round-headed ones, very deeply splayed. 
Somewhat curiously, there is no arch between the tower and the 
nave, nor does there ever appear to have been one. There was, 
however, until the late restoration, a doorway connecting it with 
the church. At present, the entrance to the power is by a door 
at the south side. F. L. M. R. 

Cromhall Church: Nicholas Hickes' Monument— 

(See No. 1941, Vol. IV., p. 644.) I send you an inscription I 
lately copied in Cromhall Church, to supplement those given by 

Chanctly south side. 

Memoriae sacrum Domini admodum venerabilis Nicholai 
Hickes, in sacrosancta Theologia Baccalaurei, olim diu Sanctae 
Mariae Magdalenae CoUegii Oxoniae Socii, deinde ecclesiae 
Cathedralis Cicestrensis Prebendarii, necnon de Charfield in 
agro Glocestrensi Rectoris, qui postquam in sacris apprime et 
indefesse elaboravit, in Christo placide obdormivit pridie Idus 
Septembres, anno Redemptionis 17 10, et aetatis suae 75. 

Draycot Vicazage, Cheddar. T. H. F. HiCKES. 

Through some mistake the above inscription was not inserted 
in its proper place, with the eleven others which are in the 
church. The mistake is the more unaccountable, the monument 
having been duly mentioned in No. 1190, vol. iii., p. 212. 

B. H. B. 

Ou«rie0 an5 ({Upfke* 

Window Family.— On the north wall of the chancel of the 
Church of S. Nicholas, Gloucester, is a mural monument in 
memory of William Window, who died in the year 1669. I 
should be glad if any of your correspondents were able to tell 
me anything more of him or of his progenitors. 

Hanow-on-the-HiU. W. D. BuSHELL. 


52 Gloticestershire Notes and Queries. 

Bristol Corporation.— The Commons Journals give the 
following: — ** i Nov. 1645— An Ordinance for Restitution of 
Richard Aid worth to be one of the Aldermen of the City of Bristol, 
and of Richard Vickris and Luke Hodges, late Sheriffs there, 
to be of the Common Council of the said City; also for 
Removing of Francis Creswick, now Mayor there, from the 
Place of Mayor of the said City, and for admitting and swearing 
of John Gunning to be Mayor in his Place, and for the appoint- 
ing of John Herrington, Esquire, to be one of the Committee 
of Bristoll, was this day read the first and second time upon the 
Question, passed, and ordered to be sent unto the Lords for 
their Concurrence." 

Richard Aldworth and Luke Hodges were elected M.P.'s for 
Bristol in January, 1646. Aldworth was Sheriflf in 1627, and 
Mayor in 1 642, and must have been removed by the King when 
the Royalists held the city. When was he first appointed an 
Alderman ? also what was the year of Luke Hodges' Shrievalty, 
and did he ever attain to the Mayoralty ? 

Ldgh, Lancashire. W. D. PiNK. 


The Lloyds of Gloucester.— Mr. Wiiliam Harris, of Oakfield, 
Pontyberem, Llanelly, writes : — " I desire to obtain a history of the 
Lloyds of Gloucester, which would throw light on the family 
connection of the following names who are parties to an indenture 
made in 1 690 : — 

Walter Lloyd, Newparke, in the County of Gloucester. 
Francis Lloyd, of Gra/s Inn, Middlesex. 
William Powell, of Lincoln's Inn, Middlesex. 

The deed relates to landed properties in the counties of 
Carmarthen and Cardigan, and has come to me among many 
other deeds of the Lloyds of Priscedwin, a very ancient family 
in the county of Glamorgan, among whom the christian names 
of Walter and Griffith were prominent." 

Can any reader assist Mr. Harris in his inquiry for particulars 
of this family of Lloyd. Editor. 


Samers Family. 53 

Somers Family. — ^The following abstract of a will proved at 
Gloucester may be of service to Mr. Allen, who asks for 
information respecting the ancestry of Comwell Somers who 
was buried in Cam Church in 1699. 

Lawrence SammerSj of Cam, yeoman, 25 July, 1620, mentions 
lands at Slimbridge, purchased from William Harris ; to William, 
now the third son of my son John Somers, an annuity of 40J. ; 
to John, second son of said son John, all the said lands ; to the 
three daughters of Richard Hathaway, my son-in-law, being a 
widow or married, 22^.; to the other four daughters being 
unmarried, / 6 1 3^. 41/. each at 2 1 or marriage ; the eldest son 
of the said Richard Hathaway and his three younger sons; 
Katherine, my wife ; to my brother, John Sommers, is. 6d, per 
week ; to Thomas Sommers, son of Lawrence Sommers ; 
Samuel, Elizabeth, and Katherine, children of my son John, at 
21 or marriage; George Pegler, my son-in-law, Lawrence 
Sommers, my godson ; residuary legatee, and executor, my son 
John; overseers, Mr. John Trotman, gentleman, William Smith, 

Proved at Gloucester, 4 October, 1620. 

W. P. W. P. 


Uley. — Over the front door of a house in Uley Street is the 
following coat of arms : — ^Ermine on a canton, a muUett of five 
points. Can any of your readers identify the family to whom 
it belongs? The house from its style was erected about a 
hundred years ago, and is locally said to have been built by a 
Mr. Millard or Milward. It is now known as Ryland Farm. 

J. N. E. 

These arms are evidently those of the family of Bassett, of 
Uley, who were possessed of the reputed manor of Bassett's 
Court in this parish, the site of which is now unknown to village 
tradition. Perhaps this house may occupy the site of Bassett's 
Court, and the person who erected it may have sculptured their 
arms over the door as a compliment to the old Bassett family. 
They are certainly not the arms of any family of Millard or 
Milward. The Bassett property was sold about 1760, or a little 
earlier, so we are told by Rudder, who adds that only a portion 
of the old manor house remained in his day. Editor. 

54 Gloucestershia e Notes and Queries. 

Washborn Family.— I have recently obtained an old "grand- 
father " clock, -which was in its late owner's family at least three 
generations. The clockmaker's name, John Washbom, is 
engraved on the brass dial, and I am anxious to identify him, so 
as to ascertain, approximately, the date of the clock. It should 
be mentioned that the clock was obtained from a village in the 
neighbourhood of Dursley. It possesses an hour hand only, 
and the dial is marked to indicate the quarter hours, but not 
minutes. One weight, which is suspended on a chain, serves to 
drive both the hour hand and the striking gear. The style of 
it would lead one to suppose that it may be of seventeenth 
century date. J. P. 


Coin with Seal. — Grant, dated 23 January, 36 Elizabeth, of 
certain lands in Dursley, by Richard Thackeham, of Dursley, 
yeoman, to Samuel Ben. This deed is remarkable for the seal, 
which consisted of wax, with a shilling impressed upon it, 
the wax and the shilling both being wrapped in a linen bag. 
Is this usual? R. M. L. F. 

The Smyth Manuscripts. — Some three or four years ago, 
large bundles of manuscript, forming part of the collections of 
John Smyth, of Nibley, which had come to his descendants, the 
Cholmondeleys of Condover in Shropshire, were sold at public 
auction by Messss. Puttick & Simpson. These would doubtless 
be of considerable value in illustrating the history of the Hundred 
of Berkeley, and it would be an advantage to put on record their 
present place of deposit. Possibly their present owner might 
be willing to give some particulars in these pages respecting 
them. QuERENS. 


Holy Wells, etc. — I shall be very grateful for any legend 
or tradition connected with Holy Wells, Rivers, or Lakes, your 
readers may be cognisant of, if they would kindly send me such, 
particularly of any in Gloucestershire. 

Communications addressed to me direct will greatly oblige. 

Albion Crescent, Scarbrough, R. S. HoPE, F.S.A. 


Qgfooft Qto^icee. 

A Glossary of Dialect and Archaic Words used in the County of 
Gloucester, Collected and compiled by f. Drummond Robertson^ 
M.A. Edited by Lord Moreton. London: published for the 
English Dialect Society by Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & 
Co. 1890. Printed by White, Stroud. 

This work, the compiler tells us, is the outcome of eight years' 
residence in the County, and though he has not had the 
advantage of being to the language born, he has produced a 
work which will be very serviceable to those who desire to study 
more fully the distinctive speech of Gloucestershire. It contains 
a summary of the various word-books and other works in which 
dialectic words are found. With it has been incorporated a 
mass of fresh matter collected by Mr. Robertson and others, 
whose help he duly records. We cannot but share his regret 
that the amount of assistance obtained for the task should 
have been so small. A reasonably perfect word-book must of 
necessity depend upon the co-operation of many workers in this 
comer of lingual knowledge, for obviously no one student can 
hope to become thoroughly acquainted with the rural speech of 
such a district as Gloucestershire. The publication of this 
volume ought to stir up many to study and to note down the 
local forms of speech which, from an antiquarian point of view, 
are only too rapidly becoming extinct. The book is very well 
printed, and there is ample room for the student's annotations. 
Though it is, perhaps, unfair to judge an author other than by 
his aims, we may yet express regret that Mr. Robertson was 
unable to essay an account of the grammar of the County. 
Some day we hope to see a word-book and grammar for 
Gloucestershire, as full as Miss Jackson's excellent volume on 
the speech of Shropshire; and we hope that either Lord 
Moreton or Mr. Robertson will some day see their way to under- 
take the task. 

Mr. Robertson was unable through leaving Europe to, himself, 
complete the work, and see it through the press. This duty 
'was undertaken by Lord Moreton, who contributed much 
information from the Tortworth district, and has performed his 
task with care. 

At the end of the book the Editor has added a useful sketch- 
map, showing eight divisions of Gloucestershire. More 
appropriately it would have appeared at the beginning of the 
book, and the same remark may be made of the table of 

56 Glaucestersktre Notes and Queries. 

Lord Moreton has done well to reprint the early collection of 
" Phrases of Speech " made neariy three hundred years ago by 
that acute observer John Sm}th. It is probably unique, and 
should encourage local philologists to further efforts. 

Handhuch fur den Deutschen AdeL Hand und Adressbuch der 
Genealogen und Heraldiker Europa' s mtt Ausnakme von Deutschland 
und Deutsch-Oesierreich. Ahthelung /., ZweiUHdlfte. Bear- 
beitet von Botho Freiherm von Eberstein. Berlin, 1890, 
Verlag von Mitscher & Rostell. 8vo. pp. 394. 

This work is a directory of those persons in Europe who may 
be considered to be authorities on all subjects connected with 
heraldry and genealogy ; and in these cosmopolitan days there 
can be no doubt that it will prove an extremely useful book of 
reference to those who have to seek their ancestry in foreign 
lands. Dependent, as the author, must necessarily be upon 
foreign help, there must be some omissions, while the entries of 
some individuals are as short as others are unduly long. This, 
however, is a defect which in future additions of the handbook 
will doubtless be amended. The work was originally projected 
by the late Alfred von Eberstein, but in consequence of his 
death, has been completed by his brother, whose name appears 
on the title-page. The first portion of the "address book," 
which has not reached us, was, it appears, devoted to Germany 
and Austria ; the part before us deals with the rest of Europe, 
with the exception of Portugal, and it need hardly be said, 
Turkey. The entries are arranged alphabetically under each 
country, as a rule in the language of that country, and give the 
address, often the date of birth, and the various works each 
individual has written. There is a good index nominum and an 
index locorum, which of course considerably enhance the value 
of the book for purposes of reference. 

The ** adressbuch " should find room in every library which 
devotes any special attention to genealogy and heraldry. 

As a rough guide to the interest taken in heraldry and 
genealogy, we may mention that 62 pages are devoted to Holland 
and Belgium, 45 to republican France, 37 to England, 31 to 
Switzerland, and 27 to Italy. Even Finland makes a fair show. 
Under " verschiedene Lander" we find America, Greece, Spain, 
and Russia, the latter country contributing only a single name. 



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CONTRIBUTIONS relating to the district, whether literary or artistic, are 
invited from all who are interested in Gloucestershire. The Editor will welcome any 
notes, queries, or replies, and any photographs and sketches relating to the district. 

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the Editor at least a fortnight before the end of each quarter. 

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»* Over Bridge " in Part XI. 

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left to the taste of each subscriber. 

BACK PARTS.— Vol. I. being out of print, copies can be supplied only as they 
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price will be paid for copies of Vol. I. Vol II., comprising Parts XIII. -XXIV., can be 
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AUG 6 1891 


Notes and Queries, 

Frocester Chapel. 

WE are enabled to place before the deader an engraving of 
the old chapel taken about twelve months ago, which 
shows its delapidated appearance previous to the recent repairs 
described by Mr. Symonds on page 49 ante. It may be noted 
that the brick plaster and wood " leanto," erected against the bell- 
turret to make the roof watertight, which appears in the engraving 
has been removed. For the photograph from which this view has 
been taken we are indebted to Dr. D. W. Eshelby, of Frocester, 
who has also kindly supplied a copy of an inscription on a 
tablet affixed to the north wall of the nave of Frocester Chapel. 
It is to the following effect : — 

This sacred monument records the mortality of 

W- Mills, Esq' 

(late of Calcutta in the province of Bengal), 

who exchanged worlds the 3rd day of Dec', 1809, 

Aged 49, 

and was interred within a vault 

in the North Aisle of Frocester Church. 

f Consider thine own mortality, 
Reader j ^^^ prepare to meet thy God. 

VOL. V » 


6o Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Star Chamber Proceedings. 

WE give some extracts and notes thereon from the Star 
Chamber Proceedings relating to Gloucestershire, which 
have been contributed by D. T. 

The bill of complaint of Davy vabe Thlewelyn* and Margery 
his wife alleges as follows :— 

That wher the seyd Margery being In her owne Dwellyng 

house at Twekysbury in the countie of Gloucestre the day 

of , in the xxvi*** yer of the reyng of our sou'eng lord 

Kyng Henry the eight [1534-5] one Elizabeth, wiff unto one 
Thomas Arkell, of the seiyd Towne of Twekysbury of her 

malycous and cruell mynde the seiyd day of , with 

force and armes assaulted the seyd Margery with a knyff, 
entendyng to have murdered and slayne the seyd Margery, 

had she not been letted by one , and afterwards 

the seyd Elizabeth, not yet contented, thinking to fulfil 

her seyd evil entent on the day of , repayred and 

cam' in the nyght in to the house of the seyd Davy, and then 
and ther assaulted and sore wounded the seyd Margery on her 
hedd, so y* she was in dyspeir of her liff, to the grete hurt, costs, 
and expenses of the seyd Davy and Margery. . . . [Prayer 
for redress follows in the usual form.] 

Henry VIIL, Bundle 18, No. gi. 

In the 7th year of Henry VIII. [15 15-16], one Thomas 
Thompson, of Stroudwater, yeoman, was suspected of having 
murdered a certain person, not named, at Stroud. An inquest 
was held on the body, and the jury appear to have returned 
an open verdict. At aJl events, they did not find that any guilt 
could be laid against Thompson. This must have given 
dissatisfaction, for proceedings were instituted in the Star 
Chamber to enquire, inter alia, how the jury had arrived at their 

* There was a considerable, not to say large, Welsh element in the 
population of the county of Gloucester down to the end of the Tudor period, 
which had not adopted the English custom of a fixed and transmissible family 
surname. Many examples of the use of the « Ap " might be found, not only 
where the county borders on Monmouthshire, but also on the other side of the 
Severn, and in particular in and near Dursley. " Vabe " is synonymous with 
*<Ap," and is the softened form of «Mab" (son), used in the living 

Star Chamber Proceedings. 6 1 

verdict, and what influence had besn brought to bear upon them. 
Certain interrogatories were administered, ii July in the year 
before mentioned, to ten of the jurymen, beginning with the 

John Darstyn, of Dumbleton, co. Gloucester, gent., whose 
deposition in substance runs as follows : — 

"That there was no evidence offered on the inquest 
concerning the said murder supposed to be done by 
the said Tompson." [That is, as I take it, that no 
evidence was given, implicating Thompson in the 

" That deponent dwelleth from Strode Water, where the 
said murder is supposed to be done, by the space of 
XX myles, and never came within the said town to his 

" That he is not servant, nor any way appertaijming lo 
the said William Compton, Kn' " [who was supposed 
(i) to have instigated the murder, and (2) to have 
used undue influence with the jury]. 

" That oon Stratford and oon Bame be and were of the 
same Tyme of the Hundred where the murder was 
supposed to be committed, and that they be all of 
sufficient free holde to his knowledge." 

"That no manner of person never laboured hym, nor 
noon of his company to his knowledge to acquyte 
the seid Compton of the seid murder." 

The other deponents, in the main, merely confirm what the 
foreman has stated. It will not be necessary to give more than 
their names, except in the case of the two last, who introduce 
some personal matters into their depositions. 

Stephen Coton^ of Twexbury, gent. 
Nicholas Sempyty of Twexbury. 
GyUs Brodewey, of Porslyp, gent. 
Richard Gyiber/, of Hassell, husbandman. 
Richard Boucher, of Twexbury, marchant. 
John Busshe, of Twexbury, tanner. 
Roger Ful/on, of Corslaunde, husbandman. 
Wi/liam Bame, of Packenell, in parish of Strode, husbandman, 

"That he dwelleth in the same parish where the 

62 Gloucestershire Nates and Queries. 

murder was committed, but that at the time of the 
murdrcy he was seke and yn his bed, and that the 
comen voyce there-abowt ys that oon James Saunde- 
forde, which is fled out of the counti}', but whether 
he know* not, comytted the seid murdre." 
Richard Stratford^ of Pakenell aforesaid, husbandman, 
" Agreeth yn effect with the seid Barne, and saith that 
at the tyme of the murdre done, he was at home yn 
his owne house yn his bedde.'^ 

Henry VIIL, Bundle i8, No. g8. 

" Misbehavings commytted, sethens the Free pardon agents 
the Kyngs peace and lawes in the Shire of Gloucester, expedyent 
to be repriued." 

** That the Wensday afor palmesonday last, S' John a Bruggs^ 
Knyght, Thomas Bruggis, his brother, Gilis Cassye, gentilman 
[and many others named], were at the Sessions of assisiz at gaole 
del/er at Glouc*, w* the foreseid p'sons and other to the Number 
of 2Ci sind moo, and at the same sessions he and the seid 
Giles Cassye labored the acquittal of ij errant theves and 
Robbers by the Kyngs hye wheys, as Maister Newport, Justice 
of Assise there, can report, if he be called thcrto, and yn 
contynent after the dep'tyng of the seid Justice from Gloucest' 
afiray was made betwen the seid Gilis Casscys s'unts and 
adherents and John Goderugh and his sonnes, at the which 
affray on Owen was hurt on the hand, and w***in xiiij nyght aftw*' 
he dyed, by the reason of the which affray the peace was soo 
disto'bed that the comyn bell was rong, and ther was like to 
have byn great manslaught' and mischif don, sauyng hit was 
pacefyed by S' Moreys Berkeley, Sherff, and the Meyre of the 
seid towne and other Justices of the peace. And wher' Edmond 
Tame, esquier, custos Rotlor* ther by thavyce of the seid Sherif 
• . • gave unto the seid S' John in the Kyngs name an iniunction 
to keep the kyngs peace upon peyn of an C"* the seid S' John 
therw*** sore displeased, called the seid Edmond Tame moreyn' 
horeson chorle, with other wylde words toward hym and the 
other Justices, dispysjTig and settyng them at Nought, then 
p'sent S' Alexander Beynam, S' Edward Wadden, S' Christofer 
Beynam, knyghts, Thomas Poyntz, Will'm Deqyse, Will'm 
Rudhall, Rob* Wye, John Walshe, Will'm Tracye, John 
Whityngton, Roger Porter, Thom*s Matston, Justices of the 
peace, and as it was seid that the seid Thom's Bruggs, after the 
seid affray peased, w*,his swerde drawen rant at Edward Skydmo' 

Star Chamber Proceedings. 63 

gentilman, in S' John a Brugg's chamber in the Newe Inne, and 
by meanys of other p'sons was putt a part." 

" Also wher on Wodcok, of Wylshire, was Robbyd by dyu*rs 
p'sons, and som of theym fiede to Sentuary, and some of theym 
were put in execuc'on, hit is seid that John Quynton the younger, 
of Brynkeworth, in Wilshire, which y% endited and nye outlawed 
for the same Rob*ye, ys dayly mayntenyd w* S' John a Bniggs 
as his honshold s'uant." 

" Also yt ys seid that in contynent after that on Robert Spencer, 
of Cheltenham, hadde put on Reynford, gentilman, p'ter to the 
byshop of hereford, in danger of his life, flede to S' John a 
Bruggs, and was ther kept for mayntenance of misrule.'* 
Several other charges of a like nature, but of less interest 
than the foregoing, against Sir John a Bruggs and others, 

Appended to the document are two lists of names, one of the 
persons charged with the misdemeanours mentioned, the otherthe 
certificate of the bailiff or other oflScer of serving of the prrocess 
of the court upon each individual. The lists are in effect the 
same, but the names do not appear in the same order. The list 
which follows is that accompanying the indictment. Those 
persons distinguished by an asterisk beside their names appear 
in the second list in a separate classification as " Servants of 
S'John Bruggs." 

Sir John Bruggs, knight, *George Fawkener, 

♦Thomas Bruggs, i^^^ Dauys, 

Gyles Cassye, gent. Richard Chunchey, 

*John Quynton, Thom's Brasington, 

Thomas Browne, *John Tejmton. 

Howey. John Whight, 

♦Thomas Grey, John Butt, 

Walter Wynston, Thomas Butt, 

William Bysseley, *John Parker, 

Thom's Wroughton, Nicholas Barne. 

Henry Stylfelde, p*don. Richard Castyll, 

Richard Rede, gent., *Henry Huntt, 

♦Will'm Fker, *Edward Wyks, 

Robert Spencer, John Smarte. 

♦John Challon', jf^^^y VIIL, Bundle 22, No. 43, 

64 Gloucestershire Notes and Qtteries. 

Uley Parish Reg^ister extracts (continued). 

This part of the Register was begun by me, John Jackson^ 
Rector of Uley, December 4th, 1709. 

Mary, w. of William Ved, of Simon's Hall, 
in the parish of Wooton-under-edge, was 

bu. in this parish church • B 17 Feb., 

Mrs. Elizabeth Bassett, widow B 14 July, 

Ann, d. of Robert and Elizabeth Small .... C zo June, 

William, s. of William Holbrow, jun Bio Sep., 

CO^-tt'":::::! ^"°'^' 

Thomas Bayly B 5 Mar., 

Timothy, s« of John and Elizabeth Thomas C 9 April, 
Catherine, d. of Anthony and Elizabeth 

Holbrow C 20 May, 

Margaret, d. of William and Philadelphia 

Bassett C 6Dec., 

Mary, d. of William and Mary Holbrow . . C 25 Feb., 
Charles, s. of John and Hester Rudder. ... C 10 Sep., 
Margaret, d. of William and Philadelphia 

Bassett B ig Dec, 

Rose, d. of Thomas and Mary Bailey .... C 1 Mar., 
William, s. of Daniel and Sarah Ady, laid in ) 

the ground, and would not stay for the > B 10 Mar., 

minister • ) 

William, s. of William and Philadelphia ( Born 6 May, 

Bassett • (C 9 May, 

Hester, dafter of Anthony and Elizabeth 

Holbrow • C 21 Aug., 

Elizabeth, d. of William and Marrey Holbrow C 1 7 Nov., 











Begun here by me, Thos. Gwynn, Curate of Uley, March y* 28***, 


Elizabeth, d. of William and Philadelphia 

Bassett •.... C iSjune, 1714. 

Daniel Rutter B 22 Jan., 171I. 

Elizabeth, d. of William Holborough .... B 27 May, 1715. 

Mary, d. of Thomas and Mary Bayly C 17 July, 1715. 

Elizabeth Heart, widow B 27 Dec, 1714. 

Uley Parish Register extracts* 65 

Inciptt Registrum pro Anno 17 19, Rice Williams, Rector. 

Hester, d. of Mr. Thomas and Anne Gyde B 4 Dec, 17 18. 
Catherine, d« of Anthony and Elizabeth | Bom 26 Aug., 17 19* 

Holbrow i C 14 Sep., 1719' 

Margaret, d. of Mr« William and Philadelphia 

Bassett B jojan., 1718. 

Thomas, s. of Thomas and Mary Bayley • . C 24 Mar., 1718. 
Elizabeth, d« of William and Rosoman 

Holbrow C 6Sep., 1719. 

Timothy, s. of Mr. Thomas and Anne Gyde C 13 Jan., i7i9* 

Hester, d. of Thomas and Anne Gyde .... B 8 Aug., 1721, 

Marey, d. of William and Rose Holbrow . . C 21 Oct., 1720. 

Hester, d. of Thomas and Anne Gyde .... C 25 July, 1721* 

Elizabeth, d. of William and Ann Holbrow C 5 Aug., 1721, 

Elizabeth, d. of Mr. Thomas and Ann Gyde C 28 Mar., 1721, 

The Second Register book is stated to commence from 25 
March, 1722, but the first entry is made by Thomas TwiselU 
Curate, 25 April, 1723. 

Samuel, s. of Roger and Lidia Rutter • . . • C 5 Dec, 1726, 
Abraham, s. of Thomas and Hester Rutter C 29 Jan., i72fr 
Germanicus, s. of Samuel and Ann Holbrow C 2 1 Jan., 1 73!^ 

N.B. — In 1726, there were two families of Holbrows in Uley : 
William and Ann Holbrow, and Samuel and Ann Holbrow : but 
the baptisms relating to them for the following 23 years have 
not been all abstracted. 

John Hogis, Curet, appears in 1733 

Mary, d. of Mr. John and Elizabeth Hoges C 31 May, 1735* 

Allinton, s. of Mr. John and Elizabeth 
Hodges • • • C 16 Sept., 1736, 

John Hodgis, curet, 1737 

Thos. Gregory, M.A. curate 17!^ 

Troilus, s. of Mr. Samuel and Ann Holborow C 14 Oct., 1 748, 

Thomas, s. of Mr. John Foyle Small and ( C 26 Dec, 1748, 
Maiy his w • • ( B 29 Dec, 1 749* 

Thomas Gregory, Rector 174$ • • • 

The Burials from 21 June, 1723, follow the Baptisms for 1749. 

Mr. Thomas Small. B 16 June, 1724. 

Mr. William Basset, gent B 1 6 Nov., 1 724* 

Daniel, s. of John and Hester Rutter. ... B 29 Jan., 172! . 

John Rutter, broadweaver B 1 3 April, 1 729. 

Mr. Anthony Holbrow, clothier B 21 May, 1729, 

66 Gloucestershire Azotes and Queries. 

John Holbrow, clothier B*3 May, 1 730. 

William Holbrow of Lurginshall, gent .... B 26 Feb., 1730. 
William Holbrow, Esq., High Sheriflf for this 

County B 8 July, 1743. 

Mary, w. of the Rev. Mr. Thomas Gregory B 13 Mar., 174^. 

William Holbrow, gent B 17 May, 1748. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Holbrow, widow B 13 Feb., 1754. 

The Marriages from 6 March, 1 7 2 1 , follow upon the Burials for 1 75 5 . 

Sa«hRutte7"*^^°*°f*^«P"i«^ •••• M 23 May. ,723. 
Rev. Mr. Thomas Gregory, Rector of this ) 

parish • • | M i Nov., 1748. 

Mrs. Susannah Thomas, of the same ) 

Robert Bailey, Sojourner j M 1 8 Feb., 1 7^^. 

John Lyn, of Ringwood, Hants \ M 29 Aug. 1 753. 

Hester Elliots, of this parish 
John Lyn, of Ringwoo( 
Ann Holbrow, of Uley 

The Baptisms from 1750 follow the Marriages for 1754. 

Mary, d. of Rev. Thomas Gregory, and ) 

Susannah his w ) C 20 Nov., 1751. 

Thomas, s. of ditto . • • . • C 3 Jan., 1 754. 

The Third volume of the Register begins in 1758. 
On the fly leaf are the following memoranda — 
April 26th, 1778. Mr. Edward Domey of this parish was 
excommunicated : John Gregory, Rector. 

April 3rd, 1785. Sarah Talboys, of this parish, was excom- 
municated : John Gregory, Rector. 

Sarah Talboys's sentence of excommimication was revoked by 
me, Ralph Lockey, curate. 

Susannah, d. of Rev. Thomas and Susannah X^ ^ t?^u o 

Gregory /^ 2 Feb., 1758. 

William, s. of Rev. Thomas Gregory { g ^/^ Jf^'^ j'g; 

Lucina, d. of Cavendish and Grace Austin C 15 Jan., 1764. 

John, s. of Bennett and Ann Austin C 27 Mar., 1764. 

[Charles?] s. of Charles and Elizabeth j 

Whittard, by the dissenting minister of > C 28 Nov., 1764. 

Nailsworth • ) 

Ann, d. of Mr. John and Catherine Holbrow ( S 't ^^^1' '770- 
■' ( u 10 April, 1770. 

William, s. of ditto j^ 7J"ly. >77'- 

(B2S Aug., 1771. 

Uley Parish Register extracts. 67 

Jane Barnes, d. of Rev. John and Elizabeth I r- tvt o 
Gregory [ C 30 Mar., 7841. 

Paphroditus, s. of James and Ann Vizard C i Feb., 1789. 

Ralph Lockey, A.M., curate, 1793* 

Tryphena, d. of Richard and Lohurama ) ^ ^ i.^ , ,c^^ 

Cowley ;^ ^^^^'^^ '^^7- 

Henry Morland, \ s. of Joseph and Mary 

Jeans C 14 June, 1807. 

The Burials from 1756 begin at the end of the Third Volume. 

Mr. Anthony Holbrow B 12 May, 1768. 

Mrs. Ann Holbrow B26 July, 1 768. 

Roger Rudder B 3 Aug. 1771. 

Katherine, w. of John Holbrow, Esq B 1 1 Sept. 178 ? 

Mrs. Elizabeth Maule, relict of the Rev. Mr. 

Maule, vicar of Ringwood, Hants B 17 Nov., 1784. 

Mrs. Susannah, relict of the Rev. Thomas 

Gregory B 2 Oct., 1 789. 

Mary Barnes, d. of the Rev. John and 

Elizabeth Gregory B 1 5 July, 1789. 

Elizabeth, d. of ditto B i Jan., 1790. 

Troilus Holbrow , B 8 Mar., 1798. 


Chained Books. — We have here at Westbuiy-on-Severn a 
chained copy of Foxe's " Book of Martyrs," which used to be 
kept in the church, and from which the school children were in 
the habit of tearing out and carrying away the woodcuts. The 
heavy binding, enriched with brass bosses, is stamped with the 
following inscription : — " The Gift of Thomas Man, of London, 
Stationer, to the Parish Church of Wesbery, Glocestershier." 

Green, in his " Short History of the English people" (p. 399), 
states that copies of this book were, by Royal order, set up in 
churches for public reading. Can any reader give me the date 
of this order, and say how long it remained in force. 

Our copy is much mutilated, but I should like to know of 
what edition it is. It is printed partly in black letter, and partly 
in the type now in use, and it concludes with the mention of 
Gunpowder plot (1605), in an addition by one Bulklcy addressed 
to the "Christian Reader." Nnmber of pages is 1952, exclusive 

of the index. Leonard Wilkinson. 

Wcstbniy-on -Severn "Vicarage. 

• Heseeras to have continued curate up to 1812, and afterwards became 
rector of Lanwaroe in Herefordshire. 

t Father of the eminent engraver, the late Charles H. Jeens. 

68 Gloucestershire Notes and Qturies. 

Gloucestershire Seals. — The following list of Gloucester- 
shire Seals is taken from the "Catalogue of Seals in the 
Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, vol. i., 1887. 

Royal Sbals "Pro Recognitione Debitorum." 
Bristol, 1066, 1067, 1068. 
Gloucester \^k.T>. 1590], 1073, 1074. 
Ecclesiastical — Diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. 
Bishops. No Seals. 
Chancellor, 1597 [A.D. 1641], Francis Baker, 1598, ditto. 

Monastic, &c. 
Bristol, 2718 [13*** Cent.], Austin Canons' Priory of St. 
Augustine, 2719 [h*** Cent.], ditto, 2720 [12*** Cent], 
John Abbat (.'), of same. 2721. William de Bradeston, 
A.D. i234-i242« or William Long, A.D. 1 242-1 264, 
Abbat, of same. 

2722 [A.D. i486]. Benedictine Priory of S* James, John 
Aston, Prior. 

2723 [15*** Cent.]. Leper Hospital of S' John Baptist. 

2724 [15*** Cent.]. Ditto of S* Maiy Magdalene, near Britbow 
(sic). 2725. Ditto. 

2726 [14*^ Cent.]. Hospital of S* Catharine. 

2727 [13*^ Cent.]. An uncertain Religious House. 

2728 L15**' Cent.]. Church of S' Stephen. 2729. ditto. 
2730 [1566]. Church of S* Thomas. 

Cirencester. 2959 [14^ Cent.]. Mitred Abbey of Austin 

Canons of S* Mary. 
Flexley. (sic,) 3154 [A.D. 1256]. Cistercian Abbey of 

S* Mary. 3155 [late 13*^ Cent.], ditto. 
Gloucester. 3192 [early 12*** Cent.]. 3193, ditto. 3194, ditto. 

3'95L'5***^^^^-]»^^^^0' 3196, ditto. Benedictine Mitred 

Abbey of S* Peter. 
3197 [A.D. 1538], ditto. Perhaps Seal of William Malvern, 

al. Parker, Abbat. 
3198. Thomas Carbonel, Abbat, A.D. 11 78-1 2 12. 3199. 

Adam de Stauntone, Abbat, A.D. 1337- 1356. Z'^^^i ditto. 

3201 [late 14"* Cent.]. Privy Seal of the Abbats. 3202 

[15**" Cent.], ditto. 

Gloucestershire Seals. 69 

3203 [i2*** Cent.]. Austin Canons' Priory of St. Oswald. 

3204, ditto. 
3205 [i3**» Cent.]. Prioi's Seal, Hospital or Priory of S* 

Bartholomew, near the West Gate. 
3207. House or College of Black, or Preaching Friars, 

founded A.D. 1 239. 3208, ditto. 
Hayles. 3261 [15"* Cent.]. Cistercian Mitred Abbey of 

S* Mary. 3262, ditto. 
Hanley or Horkesley, 3297 [15*** Cent.]. Alien Benedictine 

Priory. William Car*, Prior. 
Lanthony, 3413 [12*^ Cent.]. Austin Canons' Abbey or 

Priory of S* Mary. 3414, ditto. 341 5 [15*** Cent.], ditto. 

3416 [after A.D. 1137], Prior's Seal. 3417 [i2**'-i3*^ 

Cent.], Gilbert, Prior. 
Longbn'dge. 3573 [i 2**^-13*** Cent.]. Hospital of the Holy 

Trinity. 3574 [i 2***-i 3*** Cent.], ditto. 
Tewkesbury, 4H7- [Late 12* Cent.]. Benedictine Abbey of 

S*Maiy. First Seal. 4148, ditto. [i5**» Cent.]. Second 

Seal. 4149-41 5 1, ditto. 4152 [late 12*** Cent.], , 

Abbat. 4153 [A.D. 1522], Henry Beoly, Abbat. 
Westbury. 4297 [15**^ Cent.], Collegiate Church of S* Mary. 

4298 [is'** Cent.], ditto. 
Winchdcombe or Winchcombe, 4340 [15*** Cent.], Benedictine 

Abbey of SS. Mary and Kenelm. 

Guilds, Chaktriss, and Fraternities. 
Bradstone. Chantry in Winterboume. 4454 [16*** Cent.]. A 
doubtful Seal. Cecil T. Davis. 


Stroud Vestry Minute Book. 

UNDER date of 25 October, 1890, Mr. Daniel Hipwell, of 
34, Myddleton Square, Clerkenwell, wrote to Mr. Blacker 
to say that he had become possessed of the original Vestry 
minute book of Stroud, dating from 12 April, 1762, to 30 
October, 1783, but stating that the only obstacle to returning it 
to its lawful custodians was the re-payment of the sum of money 
originally given by him for its acquisition. In this connection 
the question put by Querist, No. 1939, Vol. IV. becomes of 

70 Gloticestershhe Notes and Queries. 

importance. " Parish registers, when they happen to go astray, 
cannot legally be withheld from their proper custodians. Does 
the same law apply to churchwardens' accounts ? " Though an 
actual legal decision has not been obtained, so far as the Editor 
is aware, there can be no doubt whatever that parish authorities 
are entitled to the return, without payment, of such of their 
muniments as have strayed into unlawful custody. Quite recently 
the churchwardens' accounts of Andover, Hampshire, were 
advertised for sale by auction by a leading firm of literary 
auctioneers in London. A formal tlaim to them, however, was 
put forward by the vicar and churchwardens of that town, and 
the auctioneers at once returned the volume without payment. 

At the same time, it is not unreasonable for a person who has 
bona fide acquired such a document to ask, as Mr. Hipwell does, 
the parish authorities to reimburse him the sum of money 
expended for its purchase. It is to be hoped that means will be 
found to ensure the return of this record to the Stroud parish 

Mr. Hipwell sends a transcript of a list of the churchwardens 
for the years 1756-83, which appears on a fly leaf of the minute 
book in question, and is printed below. 

Churchwardens for the sev* years hereafter mentioned as 

follows, viz. : — 

M' Rich"* Cooke and M' Sam* Colborae for 1756. 

G. Gardner, Esq', and Mr. Fream Arundel! '757« 

tCox, Esq', and M' Tho' Griffin 1758. 

. Wyatt, Esq', and M' Ja' Winchcombe 1759. 

J. Stephens, Esq', and Mr. Leversage 1760. 

G. Gardner, Esq', and Mr. Fream Arundell 1761. 

T. Gryffin, Gent., and Mr. [Peter] Leversage 1762. 

G. Gardner, Esq', and M' Sam* Baylis '763. 

in*' Coxe, Esq', and H. Wyatt, Esq' [y* elder] 1764. 

L Wyatt, Esq', and T. Gryffin, Gent. 1765. 

Do. do. 1766. 

M' Leversage and M' Jn** Colbome 1767. 

Do. do. 1768. 

Coxe, Esq', and M' Fream Arundell 1769. 

Jn** Stephens, Esq', and M' Robert Ellis 1770. 

Knight, Esq', and M' Rich"* Aldridge 1771. 

\\, Wyatt, Esq', and M' Leversage ^11'^* 

M' Tho' White and M' Sam* Baylis 1773. 

Tho' Gryffin, Esq', and M' Peter Leversage 1774. 

M' Tho" Baylis and M' Robert Ellis 1775. 

Henry Wyatt and Fream Arundell, Esq'* 1776, 



Stroud Vestry Minute Book. 7 1 

Tho" Grj-flSn, Esq', and M' Jn*' Allaway 1777. 

Heniy Wyatt and Thomas Baylis, Esq" 1778. 

M' Tho' Baylis and Peter Leversage, Jun' 1779. 

Do. do. 1780. 

M' Tho- Baylis and M' W» Clutterbuck 1 7 8 1 . 

Ar Tho' Baylis and M' W- Clutterbuck 1782. 

Fream Arundell, Esq', and M' Sam* Baylis 1783. 

Nonconformity at Cam. — Like many other manufacturing 
districts, the Jjarish of Cam has long been inclined to dissent ; 
and it still possesses a meeting house, which has probably existed 
for at least a couple of centuries, thus giving to the noncon- 
formity of Cam, a very respectable antiquity, when we bear in 
mind that most probably all modem forms of dissent have 
sprung into existence during the last three hundred years. At 
one time in the earlier part of this century, it appears in 
this district to have surpassed the church in public estimation, 
and if the former has lost much ground in our day, it is due, 
doubtless, to dissent being no longer needful as a means for 
protesting against the lack of energy, scanty enthusiasm, and 
other shortcomings of the church. 

" Cam's dissenting church " is worthy of the attention of the 
antiquary for the very interesting registers still in use there, 
which not only give much information useful to the genealogist, 
but also throw light on the management of dissenting con- 
gregations in the eighteenth century. Unlike other non- 
conformist registers, these documents have not been removed 
to Somerset House, but still remain in the custody of the minister. 

The meeting-house or chapel is but a few yards from the 
church. It has probably been devoted to its present use for a 
very long period, but we have no means of ascertaining its 
exact age, though we can hardly doubt that the building belongs 
to the seventeenth century. It is built of the ordinary stone of 
the district, and covered with Tetbury stone tiles. The interior 
was remodeled some 50 or 60 years since. There are a few 
mural tablets inside, but all of modern date, for the dissenters 
of an earlier age always buried at the church, although they 
were baptised by their own minister. There are several grave- 
stones in front of the chapel, and recently a considerable piece 
of ground has been added as a grave-yard. The present 


72 Glotuesterskire Notes and Queries. 

Registers commence in the year 1702, and are continued down 
to the present time. They begin as follows : — " The names of 
all the children baptized by me, Joseph Twemlow, since my 
settlement at Cam." 

Joseph Twemlow was a member of the ancient Cheshire 
family of Twemlow of Arclyd, formerly of Twemlow, and we 
are inclined to think that originally he was a clergyman of the 
Church of England. His name appears in the printed pedigrees 
of the family. 

Mr. Twemlow was buried in Cam churchyard. The in- 
scription on his mural tablet, which does not appear to be in 
existence outside of the church, is preserved by Bigland. 

Near this place lieth the body of 

Mr. Joseph Twemlow, of Dursley, 

Minister of the Gospel, who departed 

this life the 22"* of August, 1740, aged 67. 

Mrs. Mary Twemlow, relict of 

the above Mr. Joseph Twemlow, 

died March 24, 1759, aged 89. 

The following names appear in the register of baptisms after 
Mr. Twemlow's, as officiating here, and are doubtless the 
ministers who succeeded him : — 

/. Hodge occurs in 1744. 
T. Jlomdiawer occurs in 1747- 1762. 
William Billingsley occurs in 1772. 
**Rev. Mr. Moffat*' occurs in 1777. 
John Thomas occurs in 1777. 
Thomas Griffiths occurs in 1820. 
Charles Thomas, 

Andrew Gazard was for many years assistant 
minister, and then in sole charge till his death. 
Janus Williams, the present minister. 


The Earldom of Berkeley. 

ONCE more the question of the descent of the Earldom 
of Berkeley and the accompanying peerages has come 
before the House of Lords. Mr. Randal M. T. Berkeley has 
presented a petition to the Queen, claiming thereby to be 
entitled to a summons to the House of Lords as Earl of Berkely, 

The Earldom of Berkeley. 73 

a title which has been in abeyance since 1810. This is opposed 
by the present head of the family. Lord Fitzharding, who also 
claims the like dignity. So much interest, especially for 
Gloucestershire people, attaches to this important peerage case, 
that our readers will be glad to have the facts summarized, and 
the questions involved shortly defined. On the following page 
is given an outline pedigree which will enable them to follow 
this remarkable case. From this it will be seen that Augustus, 
the fourth Earl of Berkeley, left two surviving sons, Frederick 
Augustus, who succeeded as fifth earl, and Sir George Cranfield 
Berkeley, the great grandfather of Mr. Randal Berkeley the 
present claimant. All the questions involved in the case, as is 
well known, centre round the marriage of Frederick Augustus, 
the fifth Earl, with Mary Cole of Gloucester. The Earl and 
Countess alleged that they were married at Berkeley in 1785, 
and it is universally admitted that they were married at Lambeth 
in 1 796. They had a large family, but it is needful to name five 
sons only in the accompanying pedigree. Two of these. Col. 
Berkeley, afterwards Earl Fitzharding, and Sir Maurice Berkeley, 
afterwards Lord Fitzharding, were born before the 1796 marriage. 
It is obvious if the alleged marriage of 1785 could be proved, 
that Col. Berkeley and his brother. Sir Maurice, would have 
succeeded in turn to the earldom which would have descended 
to Lord Fitzharding as eighth Earl of Berkeley. If it can be 
known that this 1785 marriage was never celebrated, then the 
late Hon. Thomas Berkeley was de jure sixth Earl of Berkeley, 
and on his death in 1882, the earldom passed to his first cousin, 
once removed, Mr. George Berkeley, grandson of Sir George 
Berkeley, the brother of Frederick Augustus, the fourth Earl, and 
father of the petitioner, Mr. Randal Berkeley, who thus would 
be, de jure^ eighth Earl of Berkeley. As it is (apart from the 
questions circling round the marriages of 1785 and 1796), only 
two lives, the present Lord Fitzharding's and his brother's, 
intervene between him and the sought-for dignity, which 
therefore, in the ordinary course of events, must devolve upon 
him, as his, by undoubted right. The effect then of his petition, 
if successful, can only be to anticipate somewhat the march 
of time. 

Col. Berkeley, after the death of his father in 18 10, claimed 
the family honours, but was unable to prove the 1735 marriage 
to the satisfaction of the Peers, who decided that he had 
not made out his claim. Consequently it has been assumed by 

VOL. V. G 


Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 














4> OO 




I 5 s 

If ^ ^9g 


The Earldom of Berkeley. 75 

many that the title descended to the Hon. Thomas Berkeley, who 
was bom in the year 1 796. That gentleman steadily declined in 
any way to question the legitimacy of his elder brothers, and 
accepted his parents* statement that they were married in 1785, 
and honourably preferred, for nearly three quarters of a century, 
to content himself with the position of a younger son. For the 
present claimant to show a right to the Earldom, it may be 
presumed that he has now to undertake the difficult task of 
proving a negative, viz., that the marriage of 1785 did not take 
place. Whether this be feasible or not at the present time, nearly a 
century after its occurrence, is the question, as it seems to us, 
now placed before the House of Lords for their decision. It 
may be that, as in 181 1, the Peers will content themselves with 
declaring that the claimants to the Earldom, viz., Lord Fitzharding 
and Mr. Randal Berkeley, have neither of them made out their 
case, in which event the matters must remain in statu quo. If, 
however, it be decided, that the marriage of 1785 did not take 
place, then Mr. Randal Berkeley will become Earl of Berkeley, 
and a further point may arise as to the devolution of the ancient 
barony of Berkeley, a dignity, the origin of which is so remote, 
that its existence may be best accounted for by saying that it 
grew. It may be remembered that in 1858 Sir Maurice Berkeley, 
first Lord Fitzharding, claimed this ancient dignity as owner of 
the castle and honour of Berkeley, with which he alleged it 
descended. The claim, however, was disallowed by the House 
of Lords. If the title of Lord of Berkeley exists apart from 
the Earldom, it is thought by some that it must descend to the 
heir general of the Hon. Thomas Berkeley, />., Mrs. Milman, 
daughter of the late Hon. Craven Berkeley. Before, however, 
she could make good her claim, it would be needful for her to 
disprove the marriage of 1785, unless this should have already 
been done by the present action of Mr. Randal Berkeley. Had 
this been a Scotch peerage, these intricate questions could not 
have arisen, as in Scotland the civil law doctrine of legitimation 
of children per subsequms matrimonium obtains, and it would 
have been unnecessary to discuss whether the marriage of 1785 
ever took place. The elder line would succeed on proof of the 
marriage of 1796. The status of the late William Fitzharding 
Berkeley, and his brother. Sir Maurice, cannot be so hastily 
settled as some people may think. The law of the church, that 
is the canon law, is the same as the civil law, and allows an 
after-marriage to legitimate the children born previous to its 


76 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

•celebration. We are therefore inclined to think that the late 
Earl Fitzbarding, and his brother, Lord Fitzharding, were, 
in any event strictly speaking, legitimate, subject only to the 
disability that at common law they could not succeed to property 
or to any hereditary titles. The famous saying of the barons 
of England, ^'Nolumus leges Angliae mutare," was in reply 
to the canonists who in 1260 proposed that the common 
law should be assimilated to the civil law, and that children 
bom before their parents' marriage, should nevertheless be 
permitted to succeed to their parents' property. It is not a little 
remarkable that amongst the barons who refused the proposal 
and gave the answer " we will not alter the laws of England " 
was the then Lord of Berkeley. 

Notes on the Trotman Family (c9nHnued), 
Cam Registers: Volumes II. and III., 1708-1812. 

1708. Aug. 12. Daniel, s. of Edward and Ruth Trotman, 

Mary Trotman, bur. 

Mary, w. of Robert T., broadweaver, bur. 
Mary, w. of Thomas Trotman, bur. 
Daniel, s. of Edward and Ruth T., bapt 
Daniel, s. of Edward and Ruth T., bur. 
Thos. Trotman and Hester Dudley, mar. 
William, s. of Edward and Ruth T., bapt 
Joseph, s. of Thomas Tratman, bur. 
Hester, w. of William Trotman, bur. 
Charles, s. of Daniel Tratman, bur. 
Jane Tratman, widow, bur. 
Robert Trotman, clothier, bur. 
Nathaniel Pope and Mary Trotman, mar. 
Jos., s. of Edw. & Ruth Trotman, bapt. 
John T., of Slimbridge, & Eliz. Bendad, mar. 
Robert, s. of Edward Trotman, bapt. 
Edward Tratman, gent., bur. 
John How, Dursley, & Ester Tratman, 

Berkeley, mar. 
Eleanor Trotman, maid, and gent., bur. 
Jane, d. of Daniel and Jane Trotman, bur. 
Jane, wife of Robert Trotman, bur. 


Feb. 19. 


Oct 17. 


Mar. 30. 


Aug. 27. 


Aug. 29. 


Mar. 29. 


Oct 19. 


July 4. 


Oct 13. 


Feb. 2. 


J.Feb. 2. 


Feb. 9. 


Tune. 28. 
Nov. 21. 



Dec. 24. 


May 28. 


Apr. 26. 




Dec. 28. 


Feb. 13. 


Dec. 14. 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 77 

1735. Feb, 25. Samuel, s. of Thomas and Esther T., bur, 

„ Mar. 31. Charles T. and Mary Damsell, of Dursley. 

1734. Apr. 19. James Rudge and Mary Trotman, mar. 

1735. Sep, 20. Hannah, wife of Robert Trotman, bur. 
1736-7. Feb. 17. Robert Trotman, bur. 

1737. Apr. 12. Hester, wife of Daniell Trotman, bur. 

1740. Nov. 16. John Trotman, bur. 

1744. June 21. Daniel Trotman, bur. 

1744-5. Feb. 9. Richard Trotman, bur. 

1 746-7. Feb. 12. Margaret Trotman, bur. 

1747. Apr. 24. Daniel Trotman, bur. 

„ June 15. Daniel Trotman and Jane Creed, mar, 
1747-8. Jan II. Robert Trotman, bur. 

1748. Apr. 6. Edward Trotman, bur. 

„ Sep. 6. Daniel, s. of Daniel and Jane Trotman,. bur. 

1748-9. Mar. 23. Ruth Trotman, bur. 

1 75 1. June 16. Judith Trotman, widow, bur. 

1752. Jan. 9. Samuel NichoUs and Ann Trotman, mar. 

1753. Nov. 18. Robert, s. of Robert and Jane Trotman. 

1754. May 30. Samuel T., bach., and Mary Harding, mar. 
1756. July 28. Samuel, s. of Samuel and Mary T. [bapt. }\ 

1758. Sep. 14. William, s. of Daniel and Ann Trotman. 

1759. Oct. 21. Betty, d. of Sam, and Mary Trotman, bur. 
„ Oct. 25. Robert Trotman, bur. 

1 76 1. May II. Charles, son of Daniel and Ann Trotman. 

1765. June 20. John Trotman, bur. 

1766. Mar. 19. John, son of Josiah and Edith Trotmaiu 

[Register very irregular to 1769. J 

1772. Aug. 31. Joseph Trotman^ bur. 

„ Nov. 15. Esther Trotman, widow, bur. 

1773. Mar. 30. Daniel [or ? John] Tyndall, widower, and 

Mary Trotman, of Berkeley, mar. by 
special licence. 
,,. Aug. J 6. Daniel Trotman, bur. 
1778. Mar. 25. Charles Trotman, bur. 

1781. Dec. 2 1 . Richard Trotman, bur. 

1782. Feb. II. Daniel Trotman, of St. James', Middlesex,, 

and Susannah Smith, of this parish, mar., 
by special licence; witnesses, William 
Turner, John Trotman, and Samuel 
1789. Feb. 2. Thomas Trotman, of this parish, bachelor, 
and Ursula Underwood, of th& same, 
spinster, mar., banns. 

1 789. Dec. 5. Daniel, s. of Daniel & Susannah Trotman, bu. 

1790. July 24. Thomas Bird, of Dursley, bachelor, and 

Elizabeth Trotman, of Cam, spinster, mar. 
1790. July 24. Thomas Barnfield, bachelor, and Ann 
Trotman, of Cam, spinster, mar. 


78 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1794. Mar. 7. — Trotman, widow, bur. 

'794- July 27. John Baglin, of Cam, bachelor, and 
Elizabeth Trotman, of Cam, spinster, 

'795- Jan. 23. Samuel Trotman, bur. 

1795. Sep. 17. Josiah Malpas, of Uley, and Mary Trotman, 

of this parish ; witnesses, Samuel Trotman 

and Ann Barnfield. 
1797. Jan. 21. Mrs. Betty Trotman. 
1799. Aug. 18. Robert Trotman. 

1801. Dec. 28. Samuel Trotman and Hester Workman, mar. 
1807. Oct. 13. Stephen Trotman and Dinah Butcher, mar. 

Burials, 18 13-1825. 

1 81 5. May 1. Susannah Trotman, spinster, Cam, aged 63* 

1817. Dec. 13. Mary Ann Trotman, Dursley, aged 11. 

1823. Mar. 5. Frederick Trotman, Dursley, aged 1. 

1824. July i"^. William Trotman, Cam, aged 67. 

1825. Mar. 2. Susannah Trotman, Cam, aged 72. 
„ Oct. ,4. John Trotman, Dursley, aged 43. 

Entries in Dursley Registers, 1646- 1701. 

Volume I, 1939-1695. 

1646. May 25. John, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
1646. Oct. 16. Isabella Trotman, baptized. 
1648. May 25. Sarah, d. of Thomas Tratman, baptized. 
1648. Aug. 8. John, son of John Tratman, baptized. 
1648. Nov. I. John, son of John Tratman, buried. 
1649-50. Mar. 9. Robert, son of Thomas Trotman, baptized. 
1653-4 Mar. 3. William, son of Thomas and Sarah Trottman, 

baptized, (bom 16 Jan.). 
1656. Aug. 2. Mary, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 

Trottman, (bom 24 July). 
1665. May I. Isabell Trotman, buried.* 
1665. July 8. Mary, daughter of Thomas and Sarah 

Trotman, baptized. 
1665-6. Jan. 2. Thomas Adeane & Sarah Trotman, married. 
1 670- 1. Feb. 26. John Dean and Isbell Trotman, married. 
1672. July 3. [.f^Aug.] Joan, daughter of Samuel and Joan 

Trotman, baptized. 

1681. Mar. 29. Martha, d. of — Trotman & Anne, baptized. 

1682. Aug. 24. Sarah, daughter of William Tratman, Sher- 

man, and Elizabeth, baptized. 

1682-3. Jan. 28. Robert, son of John Trotman, scribbler, 
and Anne, baptized. 

1683-4. Mar. 24. Sarah, daughter of William Trotman, Sher- 
man, and Elizabeth, baptized. 

1685. Sept. I. Thomas, s. of John & Ann Trotman, bapt. 


une 27. 



r. Jan. 2. 


July 31. 


Aug. 1. 

X 688-9 

I.Jan. 22. 
Sept. 20. 



Nov. 17. 

Note$ on the Trotman Family. 79 

1686. May 30. Nathaniel, s. of Charles and Mary Trotman, 

1686. Nov. 29. Hannah, son of W" & Eliz*^ Trotman, bapt* 

Samuel Trotman and Sarah Webb, married. 

Nathaniell, sou of Charles Tratman, buried^ 

Martha, d. of John and Ann Trotman, bur. 

Mary, d. of Charles & Mary Trotman, bapt. 

Martha^ d. of John & Anne Trotman, bapt. 

Sam. son of William & £liz. Trotman, bapt. 

Samvell, son of John and Anne T., bapt. 
, ^ J^^^ Trotman, bur. 

1689-90. Jan. 18. Sarah* d. of Charles & Mary Trotman, bapt. 
1690. April 7. Samvell, s. of Sam. & Sarah Trotman, bapt. 

1690. May 23. Samvell, s. of Sam. & Sarah Trotman, bur. 

1 69 1. Aug. 25. Samvel, s. of Sam. & Sarah Trotman, bapt. 
1691-2. Feb. 3. Nathaniel, s. of Chas. & Mary Trotman, bapt. 

1692. Sept. 27. John Trotman, of Slimbridge, and Elizabeth 

Curtis, married. 

1692-3. Feb. 28. Throgmorton, s. of William & Eliz. T., bapt. 

1^93-4- J^uu 24. Martha,, daughter of Chas. & Mary T., bapt. 

1694. Sept. 23. Eliz., d. of Sam. & Sarah. Trotman, bapt. 

1 694. Dec^ 26v Anne, d, of Thos. & Anne Trotman, bapt. 
1694-5. Mar. 16. Martha, d, of John & Anne Trotman, bur.. 

1695. May 19. Sam. son of Joha and Anne Trotman, bur., 
1695. June 6. Hannah, d. of William & Elizabeth T., bur.. 

1695. ^^8^* 29- Sarah, wife of Samuel Trotman, buried.. 

Volume H., Begins 1696. 

1696. Apr. 25. John, son of Charles & Mary Trotman, bapt. 
1696-7. Feb. 6. Sarah Trotman, widow, buried. 

1697-8. Feb. 27. Charles, son of William & Eliz. T., bur. 

1698-9. Feb. 19. Sam. Trotman and Esther Harold, married. 

1699. April 19. Chas., son of Chas. & Mary Trotman, bapt. 

1700.. Nov. 9. Eliz., d. of Thomas & Anne Trotman, bapt. 

1 70 1. June II. Anne, d. of Sam, & Esther Trotman, bapt. 

1701. July 18. Chas., somof Chas. & Mary Trotman, bapt. 

i^ai.. Aug.. 10.. Elizabeth Trotman, widow, buried. 

Wotton-uni>er-Edge Registers, 1595-1683. 

Volume I.,. 1571^1659. 

'575- Jone 19. Kateren, dau. of Wm. Tx'atman, baptized. 

1578. Jan. 6. Maud, daughter of William Tratman. 

„ Feb. 22^ Maud Tratman, buried. 

'579- Jaii- '7* Robert, son of William Tratman. 

„ Jan. 5. Richard Tratman & Margaret Hale, married. 

1 581. Mar. 10. Agnes, daughter of William Tratman, bapt.. 

1582. April 15. [Alice?] Tratman, buried. 

8o Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

[From 1586 to 1599 there are no entries, with the exception 
of one in 1597]. 
1599. June 17. Richard, son of Richard Trotman, buried. 
[In 1600- 1 60 1, no entries]. 

Dorothy, daughter of John Tratman, buried. 
Margaret, daughter of Richard T., [bapt. ?] 
Robert Tratman & Isabel! Wallington, mar. 
[Nov. ?] 29. Henry Lowe and Agnes Tratman, married. 
Hellen, daughter of Robert Tratman, bapt. 
Richard, son of John Tratman, bapt. 
William, son of Robert TratiAan, baptized. 
Richard Tratman, buried. 
[Mary, daughter of] John Tratman, baptized. 
Tymothe, son of [John Tratman], baptized. 
William, son of Richard Tratman, baptized. 
William Tratman, buried. 
I Edith, daughter] of Richard Tratman, bapt. 
rEllen]Tratman, buried. 
Agnes Tratman, buried. 
Richard T. and Margaret Taylor, married. 
Edward Tratman, buried. 
Edward, son of Robert Tratman, baptized. 
Katherine, dau. of William Tratman, bapt. 
Ellen Tratman, buried. 
Joane Tratman, buried. 
Richard, son of Robert Tratman, baptized. 
Mary, daughter of William Tratman, bapt. 
Thos. Trotman and Joane Seabume, mar. 

{ohn Tratman, buried, 
fary, daughter of Robert Tratman, bapt. 
John Tratman and Elizabeth Gayner, mar. 
Elizabeth, dau. of William Tratman, bapt. 
Elin, daughter of John Tratman, baptized. 
Thomas, son of Robert Tratman, bapt. 
John, son of John Tratman, bapt. 
Richard, son of John Tratman, baptized. 

John, son of William Tratman, baptized. 
Margaret Tratman, buried. 
Elizabeth Tratman, buried. 
William, son of John Tratman, baptized. 
William, son of William Tratman, baptized. 
Alice, daughter of John Tratman, baptized. 
Pearce and Ellinor Tratman, married. 

[The entries for 1626 have been torn out. In the bishop's 
transcripts for this year there are 12 marriages, 48 burials, and 
63 baptisms recorded.] 

1627. Nov. 16. John, son of John Tratman, baptized. 


July 18. 
Feb. 19. 



Oct. 25. 


[Nov. ?] 29 


Dec. 16. 


Mar. 31. 


Sep. 21. 


Oct. 24. 


Feb. 28. 


Feb. 28. 


May 6. 


Mar. 13. 


June 19. 


May 3. 


Aug. 7. 


Oct. 6. 


: )ec. 28. 


an. 3. 
'an. 23. 



Oct. 20. 


May 18. 


July 3. 



May 16. 


Jan. 29. 
Feb. 2. 



Sep. 14. 


July 15. 

July 17. 



Aug. 20. 


Aug. 20. 


Feb. 20. 


May 27. 


Nov. II. 


Dec. 29. 


Apr. 14. 


Nov. 21. 


Dec. 4. 


Nov. 28. 

The Trotman Family. 8i 

1627. [Oct. ?] 6. Simon Tratman and Joane Waighte, married. 

1629. July 17. Susanna, daughter of William Tratman, bap. 

1630. July 16. Elizabeth, daughter of John Tratman, bapt. 
[In 1 63 1 there is a gap in the baptisms and burials from 25 

April to 3 July.] 

Susanna, daughter of John Trotman, bapt. 

Margret Trotman, buried. 

Susanna Tratman, buried. 

William Trotman, buried. 

Giles, son of John Trotman, bapt. 

Joane Trotman, buried, 
dargery, daughter of John Trattman. 
Richard Trotman, buried. 
Hester, daughter of Thomas Trotman, bapt. 
Richard T. and Margaret Fowler, married. 
Alee, wife of Richard Trotman. 
Mary, daughter of Ely Trotman, bapt. 

daughter of Thomas Trotman, bapt. 

Thomas Trotman, buried. 
Francis Trotman and Margaret Shepheard. 
William, son of Francis Trotman, baptized. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Ely Trotman, bapt. 
Elizabeth, daughter ofTohn Trotman. 
William, son of John Trotman. 
Thomas, son of Ely Trotman, bapt. 
William, son of Francis Trotman. 
Mary, daughter of John Trotman. 
[No marriages entered for 1651.] 
Christian, daughter of Ely Trotman, bapt. 
Richard Trotman, buried. 

John, son of Francis Trotman, baptized, 
ohn, son of Francis Trotman, buried. 
Annis, daughter of William Trotman, bapt.. 
Sarah, daughter of Ely Tratman, bapt. 
Elizabeth, daughter of John Tratman. 
Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. Tratman.. 
Margaret, daughter of Ely Trotman. 
John, son of John Trotman, baptized. 
Charles, son of John Trotman, baptizedl 
John, son of John Trotman, buried. 

Volume II., 1659-1747. 

Joan, daughter of John Trotman, baptized.. 

John, son of John Trotman, baptized. 

Giles Trotman, buried. 

William, son of William T., of Nibley, bapt. 

John, son of Eli Trotman, buried. 

Joane Trotman, buried. 

Elizabeth Trotman, buried. 


Dec. 28. 


May 30. 

Aug. 6. 


Sept. 11. 


Aug. 21. 


Apr. 12. 

1 641. 

Feb. 6. 


May 16. 


Oct. 28. 


Mar. 23. 


Mar. 3. 


May 9. 


Sept. 15. 


Jan. 22. 


Aug. 31. 


May I. 


Mar. 5. 


May 24. 


Dec. II. 


Oct. 13. 


Dec. 13. 


Sep. 20. 


Oct. II. 


May 21. 



June 19. 




Tune 24. 
Nov. II. 



Aug. 17. 


May 31. 




Oct. 20. 


Nov. I. 


May 15. 


Sep. 12. 


Feb. 6. 


June 22. 


Apr. I. 


Aug. 19. 


Dec. 27, 

1 666. 

Feb. 27. 


Aug. 18. 


May 26. 

1 67 1. 

June 24. 


Aug. I. 


July 9. 


Aug. 10. 


Sept. 21. 


Nov. 25. 


Apr. 21. 


Apr. 26. 
May 12. 



Mar. 31. 


Dec. 19. 


Mar 9. 


Mar. 29. 


April 26. 


Aug. 12. 


Mar. 17. 


Mar. 10. 


July 15. 

82 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

John Trottman, buried. 
Sarah, dau. of Christopher Trotman, bapt. 
William Trotman and Elizabeth Web, mar. 
John, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
John, son of William Trotman, buried. 
William, son of Christopher Trotman, bapt. 

iohn, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
Lichard Tunley and Anne Trotman, married. 
John, son of William Trotman, buried, 
licholas, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
Nicholas, son of William Trotman, buried. 
William, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
John, son of William Trotman, baptized. 
Andrew Twyford & Margaret Trotman, mar. 
Elizabeth, wife of William Trotman, buried, 
Margaret Trotman, widow, buried. 
John, son of Charles Trotman, baptized. 
William White and Christian Trotman, mar. 
Joan, wife of John Trotman, buried. 
John George and Sarah Trotman, married. 
John, son of William Trotman, buried. 
1683. [Aug.?]28. Margaret Trotman, widow, buried. 
„ Sep. II. Mary, wife of Elias Trotman, buried. 

St. Nicholas, Gloucester. 

1732. June 6. Edward Trotman and Elizabeth Smith, 
both of Bisley, married. 

S. Mary le Crypt, Gloucester. 

1674. April 17. Timothy Trotman and Alice Attwoode, of 

Barckley, married. 
Robert T. and Hana Hicks, of Cam, mar. 
Samuel Trotman, of Stinchcombe, & Hester 

Wallington, Wotton-under-Edge, mar. 
William Trotman and Sarah Peacock, both 

of S. Michael, married. 
William Trotman, of Dursley, and Hester 

Hollister, of Cam, married by license. 
Charles Trotman and Olive Cole, both of 

Berkeley, married by license. 

ScHOLiE RsGiiE Glocestriensis Liber Cbnsualis, siys 
Matricula Alumnorum, etc., A.D. 1685. 

John, son of John Trotman, gen., of Cam, admitted to this 
ool, 19 Jan., 1685-6. 

Apprentice Books, Bristol. 

William, son of Thomas Trotman, of Sadbury, Co. Glouc, 
yeoman, to William Barnes, weaver, and Susanna, for 7 years. 
I July, 1648. 





u Jan. 








The Trotman Family, 83 

Thomas, son of John Trotman, of Tortworth, clothier, to* 
John Knowles, pewterer, and Mary; 7 years. 21 Aug., 1650. 

John, son of William Trotman, late of Bristol, weaver, dec**^ 
to Joseph Ivy, weaver, and Hester; 7 years, 22 Jan., 1682-3 ; on 
4 Mafch, 1 686, turned over by consent to Mary Trotman, widow,, 
his mother. 

Samuel, son of William Trotman, late of Bristol, weaver, dec*> 
to John Hooper, feltmaker, and Anne ; 7 years, 1 6 Aug., 1 686. 

William, son of Robert Trotman, late of Tortworth, clothier^ 
deceased, to Thomas Clements, shippwright, 27 Nov., 1702. 

Richard, son of Daniel Trotman, late of Camm, yeoman, dec**,, 
to Thomas Clements, shippwright, i Oct., 1703. 

John, son of Robert Trotman, of SS. Philip and James,, 
staff-maker, to Samuel Tipton, barber surgeon, and Martha» 
18 May, 1733. /20. 

Edward, son of John Trotman, of Bristol, Tidewater, deceased, 
to Slade Baker, linen draper, 1 6 Jan., 1744- 

James, son of John Trotman, late of Bristol, deceased, saddle- 
treemaker, to Edward Jones, glazier, 22 April, 1745. 

John, son of William Tratman, of Stinchcombe, yeoman, to 
Richard Tames, joiner and cabinet-maker, and Ann, 2 1 Nov., 

Robert, son of Daniel Trotman, of Camm, clothwarker, to 
John Kidson, cabinet-maker, and Elizabeth ; 7 years, 9 March, 

Charles^ son of Daniel Trotman, of Camm, malster, deceased, 
to Abraham Houlson and Zipporah, 17 April, 1776. ;^io : 10 : o 

Book op Freedom, Bristol. 

Charles Trotman, feltmaker, apprenticed to John Hooper, 
admitted to freedom 18 Aug., 1693. 45- 6d. 

William Trotman, shipwright, apprenticed to Thomas Clement, 
esq. 8 Feb., 1709-10. 4s. 6d. 

Joseph Trotman, sadler, apprenticed to William Thomhill, 
3 Jan., 1726-7. 4s. 6d. 

William Trotman, hosier, for that he married Hanah, widow 
of Nathaniel Warren, clothier. 40/- fine. 3 Jan., 1732-3. 
i;2 : 4 : 6. 

Robert Tratman, stuffmaker, for that he married Mary, widow 
of John Chapman. 40/- fine. 14 May, 1734. ;^2 : 4 : 6 

John Trotman, saddletreemaker, for that he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Richard Wilcox, miller, deceased, 17 Oct., 1734. 4/6 

Charles Trotman, labourer, for that he married Susannah, dau. 
of Samuel Newman, hooper, 7 Nov., 1739. 4/6 

John Tratman, barber surgeon, apprenticed to Samuel Tipton, 
2 June, 1740. 4/6 

Registers op the Society of Friends. 
Richard, son of John and Elizabeth Tratman, born near the 
Ware, Bristol, 2735, 2, 16. 


84 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

William, son of John and Elizabeth Trotman, bom ditto, 
1736, 6. 20. 
Elizabeth, daughter of ditto, born at Bristol, 1737-8, 12, 9. 
Richard, son of ditto, bom in Philips parish, Bristol, 1738, i, 15. 
Elizabeth, daughter of ditto, bom at ditto, 1740, 12, 19. 


Heame's Collections. — ^Three volumes of the diaries of 
Thomas Hearne, the Oxford antiquary, have been issued by the 
Oxford Historical Society. From these we take the following^ 
items : — 

171 1, July II. There was lately found at Cirencester, under 
ground, an old Roman Pavimentum Tessalatum, intire, and 
now in the possession of Mr. Masters (a very honest worthy 
Gentleman of y* place), in whose House (I think) 'twas 
discovered. "?" 

171 1, Aug. 15, Wed. Writing to Mr. Fothergill, of Pontifract, 
Hearne says: — Not long agoe, a whole Room, adomed with 
such sort of Pavement was discovered at Cirencester, in 
Gloucestershire, w** is Antoninus's Durocomovium. And Leland 
mentions such Discovery to have been made at the same Place 
in his time. 

1712, Aug. 4, Mon. Four Roman Coyns of Brass said to 
have been found at Cirencester, where there certainly have been 
taken up vast Numbers. Constantinus pf. avg. Const. M. 
Litterae detritae. Fig. Mil. stans in duo signa mil. — Alius 
Nummus ejusd. Imp. constantinus. In parte aversa Gloria 
EXECUTUS Duo Milites inter duo signa mil. — Constantinus pf. 
AVG. Constantij Constantine M. Fil. Caput. Rev. felicitas 
TEMPORUM Miles alienum militem gladio petens. — alius ejusdem 
generis, cum eadem figura in parte postica. 

1 71 2, July 1 1, Fri. This day was shewed me A Topographical 
Description of Glocestershire^ containing a compendious account of 
Its Dimensions y Bounds ^ Air^ Soil^.and Commodities. Its Towns and 
Villages, with their Churches, Schools, Hospitals, Markets, and 
Fairs. Its Rivers and Castles, Nohlemeris and Gentlemen* s Seats, 
Roman Camps, Coins, and Stations. With a short History of its 
Religious Houses, describing their Order, Founders, Dedication, the 
time of their Foundation, and yearly Revenue. Printed in the year 
1J12. Price Twopence. In a single sheet. Neither the Author's 


Heamis Collechans. 85 

nor Printer's name added. But I guess 'twas printed at Oxford, 
by Lichfield. Tis a silly trivial paper * (The Author was one 
Lewis, formerly of Edmund Hall, when he took his degree of 
Bach, of Arts, and afterwards was a schoolmaster, a man very 

1712, Jan. 13, Sun. About a fortnight since died Dr. Fowler, 
who upon the Revolution succeeded Dr. Frampton (a most 
conscientious good man), in the see of Gloucester, Dr. Frampton 
being then deprived for not taking the Oaths of Allegiance and 
Supremacy to K. W. 3d, and Q. Mary the II*. As for Fowler, 
he was a man of no integrity, nor much learning, and had but 
a bad character in his Diocese. 


Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls. 

IN Vol. iv., p. 27, Mr. Charles Scott, of Berkeley, gave a 
careful account of a court leet, held at Berkeley in the present 
day. We now give an abstract of the proceedings at one of these 
courts, held in the days of Henry VJIL, nearly three hundred 
and fifty years ago. 

As is well known by reason of the demise of William, Marquis 
of Nottingham, the great estates of the Berkeleys came into the 
hands of the crown in the year 1495, and so remained until the 
death of King Edward VI., in 1553. Consequently, the Court 
Rolls of the hundred of Berkeley for that period are now to be 
found at the Public Record Ofl&ce. An abstract in English of 
the court roll, for the hundred of Berkeley and Wotton Foreign 
follows. The entries relating to each place are occupied with 
presentments, made by the respective decennarii or tithing men, 
and appointments of the new constables and the tithing men. 
In this abstract, only the names of the officers appointed are 
given, with a few presentments, enough however, to indicate 
the nature of the business transacted. The official reference to 
this document is " Exchequer. Court of Augmentations : court 
rolls, portf. 2, No. 93." 

* A copy of this tract has descended to me and is now in my possession. 
Hearne was scarcely just to the author who has fairly summarized the 
information he professes to give. The tract was well worth the price fixed 
for it—Ed. 


86 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

BERKELEY HUNDRED. View of Frankpledge held Monday 
after the feast of Simon and Jude. 35 Henry VHI. 
[»S4-3] before Anthony Kingston, knight, chief steward. 

EssoiGNS. Hugh Tanner, Thomas Robyns, John Booke. 

Jurors For the lord the king ; Thomas Butler, gent., John 
Herny, gent., Richard Tyndall, Walter Wodward, 
Thomas Bayly, Edward Mallett, William Bere, Thomas 
•Hume, Robert Towche, Richard Jobyns, Richard Walker, 
Richard Griffith. 

Hamsie. The tithing men, with all the tithing present, that 
John a Barnysdale (8**), Thomas Warante (8*), Thomas 
Machine (8**), hold a water com mill, and take toll, and 

are therefore amerced That Richard Phelippes 

committed an assault upon William Mallett, with a stick 
of no value, against the peace of the lord the king; 
he is amerced 12*. That Robert Smyth committed an 
assault upon Margaret Heme, with a stick, etc. That 
Richard ^myth assaulted William Willis with his fist, etc. 
That Morgan Griffyn assaulted John Evans with a stick. 
That William Mallet assaulted Richard Philipps with his 
fist. Officers elected : Thomas Warante, Richard James, 
constables ; Thomas Wynter, Thomas Cole, tithingmen. 

Stone. [Presentments]. Ofl&cer elected : Thomas Tanner, 

AULKYNTON. [Presentments, assaults, etc.]. Officers elected : 
John Cole, constable ; John Fremon, tithingman. 

Hynton. The tythingmen present that John Smyth brewed 
and broke the assize. Officers elected : John Fryer, James 
Hume, constables ; James Towrche, tithingman. 

Hamfallow in Hynton's Side. [Presentments]. Ofl&cer elected : 
William Baker, constable. 

Kyngescott. [Presentments]. OflScers elected : John Marten, 
tithingman ; Thomas Hatheway, constable. 

HuRSTE. [Presentments, including one as to John Selwyn]. 
Officers, elected: William Webbe, tithingman; Thomas 
Harmys, constable. 

Slymbrigge. [Long presentment]. Ofl&cers elected: John 
Gordeler, tithingman ; Richard Tomrell, constable. 

Nymesfeld. Oflficer elected : John Mylls, tithingman. 

Stynchecombe. Oflficer elected ; Thomas Duiyarde, tithingman ; 
Richard Duiyard, constable. 

Berkeley Hundred Court Rolls. 87 

Fylton and Haye. No oflScers elected. 

B&ADSTON. [Presentments.] Ofl&cers elected: John Cowley, sen., 

constable ; John Browne, tithingman. 
General Verdict by all the twelve jurors concludes- the 

business of the court. 

WOTTON FORINE. View of Frankpledge, etc., and same 
date, etc., as previously abstracted view of Frankpledge of 

EssoiGNS. None. 

Jurors for the Lord the King : John Fryer, Thomas Domey, 
Giles Clayfield, James a Bamesdale, James Dunnyng, 
William Rye, John Hardyng, Anthony Mabbott, John 
Fordes, John Browninge, William Fordis, Walter Fryer. 

Cahmb. The tithing men with the whole tithing, summoned 

and sworn, come and present. 

Amerdamenis. That Richard Tyndall holds a water commill, 

and takes excessive toll to the common damage of the 

lieges of the lord the king; therefore he is amerced M. 

Pains pending 

Pains imposed. That Edmund Derratt, John Walkeley, and 
John Turner do not suflSciently amend a certain way 
leading from le hyde to hyde mede. Pain imposed, dr. %d. 
That Edmund Derrett has inclosed and stopped up a 
certain public way leading from le hyde clyffe to the 
common, damage, etc. ; and he is ordered to throw open 
the same as it was used of old time, before the feast of 
St. Katherine next, under a penalty of 3^. 4^. 

Officers elected, William Nye, tithingman of Upper Camme ; 
Edmund Deryett, tithing man, of Lower Camme ; John 
Oswald, constable of Upper Camme; Heniy Mayle, 
constable of Lower Camme. 
OwLPBK. The tithingmen, etc., present, that all the inhabitants 
within the tithing sufficiently cut and lop all branches of 
trees hanging over a certain lane called Bowestrete lane, 
before the feast of Easter next, under a penalty of 6x. %d, 
each. And that they make up their hedges round a field 
called the Woodcote filde before the feast of St. Katherine 
the Virgin. Also that Agnes Daunte, widow, William 
Hancocke, and Thomas Adye, make up their hedges 
between Lampenis wood and Lurgishaler field before 

88 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Christmas next, under a penalty of 31. \d, [Name of 
tithingman elected not given], 

HuNTiNGFORD. Presentment, " that all things are well." 

Uley. [Presentments] The tithingmen present that Roger Redyng 
holds a water commill, and takes toll to the common 
damage of the lieges ; amerced %d. That John Davy brewed 
and broke the assize thereof to the common damage, etc. 
That William Bassett do sufficien;ly scour the ditches 
about a garden called le Courte garden before the feast 
of the purification next ensuing, under a penalty of 6j. 8^., 
and that he also sufficiently scour the ditch in a lane called 
Tyberlays lane. That Giles Dymock do sufficiently scour 
the ditches in Shybelay*s lane before the feast of St. 
Katherine next ensuing, and make up the hedge round a 
field called le Whete field in Shybley. Also that the said 
William Bassett do sufficiently scour the ditches next the 
Cliffe, called Fowley's Cliflfe. Also the tithingmen do 
provide one net called le Chassenett, for taking crows, 
under a penalty of i o</. Officers elected, John Brounyng 
Giles Dauncdy, tithingmen. 

Cromehall. [Presentments]. Officer elected : Philip Hyckes, 

Arltngham. [Presentments]. Officers elected : Walter Rowyls, 
William Arnold, constables. 

Warren's tenants. No tithingmen named. 

Symmonshall and Combe. [Presentments]. Officer elected : 
Roger Come, tithingman. 

Wortley. [Presentments]. Officer elected : Robert Hopkyns, 

CowBLEY. [Presentments]. Officers elected : Richard Peglar, 
constable ; William Oliver, tithingman. 

WoDMANCOTE. [Presentments only]. 

Nybley. The tithingman presents, inter alia, that Thomas 
Pumell holds a water com mill, and takes toll to the 
common damage, etc. Officers elected : Robert Jobbyns, 
constable ; Robert Dawe, tithingman. 

General Verdict by all the twelve jurors concludes the 
business of the court. 


Gloucestershire Skakespeares. 89 

The Gloucestershire Shakespeares. — The following 
fourteen extracts occur in the parish registers of Dursley. We 
have included five entries, here marked with an asterisk, which 
we are inclined to believe, notwithstanding the variations in 
spelling, belong to the same family. They were apparently 
persons in a humble rank of life. 

Extracts from the Dursley Registers relating to the Shakespeares. 

1 "Thomas Sheakspeare & Joane Turner mairred'' 3 

March 1678 \i,e. i6J|.] 

2 "Edw. the son' of Tho' Shakspear weav* & Joane his 

wifeBapt." i July 1681. 

3 " Mary daft' of Tho : Shakspear weav' & Joane his wife 

bapt." 28 Aug. 1682. 

4 " thomas the sonn of thomas Sheekspeare and Joan his 

wife bap**.** i March 1686 [query error for i68|.] 

5 ♦"Jno son of Tho: & Joan Shakesbury bapt." 4 Sept. 


6 *" Thomas y* sonn of Thomas Shaftsbury & Joan his Wife 

Sep.*' 8 Aug. 1688. 

7 ♦" Abra*" son of Tho : Shafsbury and Jone his Wife bapt." 

18 Oct. 1689. 

8 " Mary Daughter of Tho : Sheakspear and Joan his wife 

bapt." 27 Dec. 1691. 

9 "Joan ye wife of Thomas Shakespear sepult.'* 16 July 


10 "Thomas Shakspear Brodweever sepult." 5 Dec. 1702. 

1 1 " Will" Son of John and £liz. Shakespear bapt." 6 May 

12 *" Ursula Dau' of John & Eliz. Shakesberry sepult." 1 

May 1735. . 

13 *" William son of John and Eliz. Shakesberry sepult." 

18 May 1735. 

14 "William Combey and Elizabeth Shakespearf married." 

30 Oct. 1755. 


t She signed as " Shazpear," and was entered in the Bishop's Transcript, 

VOL. Y. H 

QO Gloucestershire Notes and Qiieries. 

Extracts from the Hawkesbury Registers. 

The following notes have been contributed by Mr. Cecil G.^ 
Savile Foljambe, M.P., F.S.A. 

The parish registers of Hawkesbury, consist of 13 volumes. 

Vol. I. — Baptisms, marriages, and burials, 1603 to 1642. 

„ 11. — ditto ditto 1642 to 1683. 

„ III. — ditto ditto 1695 to '7*9- 

„ IV. — Baptisms and burials, 1730 to 18 12. 

„ V. — Marriages, 1754 to 1798. 

„ VI.— ditto 1798 to 18 1 2. 

„ VII. — Baptisms, 181 2 to 1844. 

„ VIII.— ditto 1 844 to 1866. 

„ IX. — ditto 1867 to present time. 

„ X. — Marriages, 181 2 to 1837. 

„ XI. — ditto 1837 to present time. 

„ XII.— Burials, 1 8 12 to 1884. 

„ XIII. — „ 1884 to present time. 

Extracts from the Registers. 

1630. Gyles Wodrofe, buried September 16. 

1635. Willyam Jenkins and Dorothy Easmed, May the 25. 

1654. Birth — Mary Jenkins, d. of Stephen Jenkins, Sept. 9. 

1666. Sarah Woodroofe, daughter of John Woodroofe, bapt. 
Jan. 30. 

1668. Arthur Woodruffe and Mary Bennet, maryed, Sept. 2. 

1669. William Woodruffe, sonne of Arthur Woodruff, bapt. 

August 29. 
1670I Ideth Woodruffe, buryed Aug. 10. 
1672. Sarah Woodruffe, daughter of Arthur Woodruffe, bapt., 

June 16. 
167}. William Jenkins and Jone Rodway, maryed Jan. 26. 
1679. Maiy, daughter of Giles Woodroffe, buried June 15. 

1679 Henry Stephens signs as Vicar. 

1685. Isaak Fairfax, buried Oct. 6. 

1687. James Woodroff and Rechel Urrin [almost illigible], 

married July 3. 
1697. Buried — Isa^ Jenkins, Dec. 14. 
1702. Thos. Jenkins and^Mary Mowray, mar. Dec. 23. 
171 J- Mr. Ballard, Minister of the Parish, deceased, Jan. y* 

j8*** in y* year 1711, and was buried att Worcester. 
171 2. Mary Fairfax, widow, buried April y* 12***. 

The Hawkesbury Registers. 91 

1713. Baptized — Thomas, s. of Thomas Jenkins, and Mary, 

his wife, Mar. 20. 
1715. Baptized — John, son of Rob* Codrington, and Anne, 

his wife, Jan. 16. 

1717. Baptized — Hannah, dau. of Thomas Jenkins, Dec. 13. 

1 7 18. Buried a child of Thomas Jenkins, Aug. y* 15. (No 

af[fidavit, ue.y of burial in woollen], Oct. 21). 
1724. Rob* Colins and Sarah Jenkins, both of this parish, 

married by banns Nov. y* 30. 
1 727. Buried — Mary Jenkins, widow, August 29. 
1734. Buried — Mary Jenkins, Nov. 13. 
1747. Buried — John Jenkins, June y* 1 1. 
„ Esther Jenkins, buried June y* 17. 
1767. William Jenkins, of this parish, and Mary Manning, 

of St. James, Bath, married by license, Jan. 27. 
1802. Rev. J. Potter Cole, Vicar, March 28, buried. 

Entries relating to the Jenkinson Faaiily. 

1 74|. Jan. — . Penelope, the daughter of William Blathwayt, 
Esq., and Penelope, his wife, y* 3i**. 

1755. Penelope, y* daughter of William Blathwayte and 
Penelope, his wife, July }'• 2i**. 


1742. Thomas Oatley, Esq**, of Pitchford (Salop), and Miss 

Catherine Jenkinson, of this Parish, by License, 

Feb. y* 22. P. Cole, Vicar. 
1747. William Blathwayt, of Dirham, Esq., and Penelope 

Jenkinson, of this Parish, by Lycence, Oct. y* 9. 

P. Cole, Vicar. 


i74f. Penelope Blathwayte, Feb'' y* i'*. 
1766. S' Robert Jenkinson, Barronet, Aug* 12. 

1770. Amelia Jenkinson, wife of y* Right Honorable Charles 

Jenkinson, Esq', July 20. 

1 77 1. Thomas Jenkinson, Esq'*, Mar. 15. 
1780. Dame Chatherine Jenkinson, March 24. 
1790. Sir Banks Jenkinson, Bart., July 29. 

1808. The Right Honorable Charles Jenkinson, Earl of 
Liverpool, Decem' 30**** H. J. Randolph, Vicar. 

92 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

1 82 1. The Right Hon"' Louisa Theodosia, Countess of 
Liverpool, Fife House, Westminster, buried 22 
June, aged 53 years. H. J. Randolph, Vicar. 

1828. The Right Hon^^ Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of 
Liverpool, Fife House, Westminster, buried 18*^ 
Decem', aged 58. H. J. Randolph, Vicar. 

1855, Katherine Jenkinson [in margin — Lady Jenkinson 
from Paris — ] buried Feb^ 14**", aged 75. 

W. H. Boothby, Vicar. 

1855. [Sir] Charles Jenkinson, Bart., from Paris, buried 
March 15***, aged 76. W. H. Boothby, Vicar. 

The Family of Williams of Wotton-under-edge. 

IN the ** Maine Historical and Genealogical Recorder" for 
January, 1891, which is published at Portland, Me., U.S.A., 
is a portrait with biographical notice of the Hon. Joseph Hartnell 
Williams, late governor of the State of Maine. Accompanying it 
is a genealogical note of his ancestry by Mr. Williams himself. 
The "Note" shows how valuable the enquiries of our American 
cousins often are to English genealogists, and as Governor 
Williams traces his ancestry to more than one Gloucestershire 
family, we have no hesitation in reproducing with some slight 
alterations and some omissions the result of his searches : — 

The genealogy of this family of Williams was given in 1 870, by 
the historian of Augusta, the Hon. J. W. North, but he could not 
trace the lineage farther back than Richard Williams, who came 
to New England about 1636-7, and settled in Taunton, Mass., 
in 1637. 

Efforts have been made by his descendants to ascertain his 
ancestry, but till lately they have been obliged to rest content 
with certain old traditions which have survived the lapse of 
almost two centuries. The Rev. S. H. Emery in his '* Ministiy of 
Taunton, Mass. (1853)," on the authority of "a MS. of 
considerable antiquity," stated that "Richard Williams was 
descended from a family of that name in Glamorganshire, 
Wales, and found a wife in Gloucestershire." Savage, in his 
Genealogical Dictionary (1869), discredited the statement that 
the immigrant ancestor found a wife in Gloucestershire, but 
recent researches have confirmed its truth. 

The Family of Williams. 93 

Another statement not yet verified is that " Richard Williams 
was bom as early as 1599, and was related by blood to Oliver 

These recent researches have resulted in discovering the 
parentage and family of Richard Williams, and of his wife, 
Frances Deighton. 

The first advance towards this result was the discovery by 
Mr. H. F. Waters, M.A., of two wills in England, abstracts of which 
are given in the New England Historical and Geanealogical 
Register, Vol. 37. 

The first was that of Jane Williams, of Whetenhurst, 
Gloucestershire, spinster, dated 31 May, 1650, and proved 30 
June, 1655. It mentions her brother Samuel Williams; her 
brother Richard Williams and her sister Elizabeth Williams, 
" that are in New England ; " Benjamin Williams and Nathaniel 
Williams, " the two sons of my brother Samuel Williams ; " and 
John Hall the younger, " my sister's eldest son," and Samuel, 
Daniel and Susanna, "the other three children of my brother-in- 
law John Hall." 

The second will was that of Benjamin Williams, of Stoke, 
near Guldeford, Surrey, schoolmaster, dated 2 July, 1698, proved 
22 Sept., 1698. It mentions his brother Nathaniel Williams; 
his cousins, Susanna Hall, John, Samuel and Daniel Hall, now 

or late of Whetenhurst, "my cousins," Samuel, Thomas 

and Benjamin Williams, of New England; "my cousin 
Elizabeth Bird, of Dorchester, in New England;" the eldest 
child of " my cousin " [Nathaniel] Williams, of New England, 
deceased; the eldest child of "my cousin Joseph Williams, 
deceased," and also the eldest child of " my cousin " Hannah 

A comparison of these two wills shows that the maker of the 
second will was the Benjamin named in the first. The 
" cousins " in New England bore the same names as the children 
of Richard Williams, and even the married names of his two 
daughters, Elizabeth (giving her residence) and Hannah. 
Further he speaks of Nathaniel, Joseph and Hannah, as 
" deceased." The two children of Richard Williams, Nathaniel 
and Joseph, died in 1692, and Hannah died in 1693, while the 
will was dated 1695, and the other children of Richard, viz.: 
Samuel, Thomas, Benjamin and Elizabeth Bird, were then 

94 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Soon after the publication of the abstracts of these wills, 
it was universally conceded that Jane, the maker of the first will, 
was the sister of Richard Williams, of Taunton, Massachusetts, 
and the maker of the second will was his nephew, and that we 
had obtained thereby the names of the following members of 
her father's family, viz. : Samuel, Richard, Jane, Elizabeth (in 
New England), and Mrs. John Hall, of Whetenhurst. Further, 
the bequest in the will of Benjamin, " to the poor of the parish 
of Whetenhurst," *'any poor people of my father* s kindred 
principally recommended^' was held to indicate that the family 
must have been in Gloucestershire more than one generation, 
and that, therefore, Richard must have been bom there. 

Governor Williams thereupon undertook to prosecute thic 
investigation by correspondence, and the results are now given. 

In the Gloucester Probate Registry was found the will of 
Samuel Williams, dated 26 Sept., 1668, and proved in 1669. He 
was apparently a clergyman, for he gave to his son Benjamin his 
"Book of Marters" and ''Perkins Works" [undoubtedly the 
works of William Perkins, the learned Calvinist divine 1558- 
1602], and to his son Nathaniel, his "Written Sermons." He 
also mention his [wife's] "brother" James Adams, his brother 
Richard Williams, and his sister Elizabeth Williams, and his 
" cousins," «>., nephews and nieces, the four Halls. 

Next was discovered the will of William Williams, of Synwell, 
Wotton-under-edge, dated 26 Sept., 1618, and proved in the 
same year. He names sons Samuel and Richard ; daughters Ann, 
Elizabeth, and Jane. These are the same names as in the other 
wills, with the addition that Mrs. Hall's christian name is found 
to be Ann. The executor was Richard Tyndall, of North Nibley ; 
and the witnesses were William Martin, Robert Trotman, and 
Francis Wright, the two former being the overseers. 

The parish register of Wotton-under-edge brought to light 
the baptisms of the following children of William Williams : 
"An,** daughter, 2 Dec. 1599. 
Richard, son, 28 Jan., 1606. 
Jane, daughter, 19 Mar., 1608. 

There is also the record of the burial of William Williams, 29 
Sept., 1 61 8, and of Elizabeth Williams, 19 Nov., 1630. It was 
at first supposed that this Elizabeth might have been the mother 
of Richard, but as no wife is mentioned in the will of William, 
this is scarcely probable. ' Susanna Williams was buried 1 1 Jan., 
if) 10. and she may have been the wife of William. It is hoped 

The Family of Williams. 95 

that further investigations, now being prosecuted, will lead to 
the discovery of the mother's name. 

The records show that Samuel Williams married Alice Knight, 
a widow, in 1637; that their son Saihuel was baptized in 1638, 
their daughter Hannah in 1640 (died in 1645), and their son 
Nathaniel in 1645 ; that the mother died in 1661, and the father 
in 1669. Samuel Williams, jun., died young, and the record of 
Benjamin's baptism has not yet been found. 

But these more recent discoveries have not been confined to 
the paternal family of Richard Williams. " The Gloucestershire 
wife," doubted by Savage, has been established. It was known 
that the wife of Richard was Frances Dighton, sister of 
Katherine, the wife of Gov. Thomas Dudley, but the discovery 
of their family had baflSed the efforts of all investigators. Early 
in 1889 the record was discovered which shows that on 11 Feb., 
1632, Richard Williams was married at Witcombe Magna, to 
Frances Deighton, of Gloucester. 

The will of John Deighton, dated 31 Jan., 1639, proved 21 
May, 1640, mentions his eldest son, John, his eldest daughter, 
Jane, his daughter Frances Williams, his daughter Katherine 
Haighburne, at that date wife or widow of Samuel Haighbume, 
and his daughter Damaris, who was residuary legatee and 
executrix. All these names have been used among the 
descendants of Richard Williams to the present day. 

Among the inscriptions in St. Nicholas' church at Gloucester, 
Bigland gives the following : 

" Here lie interred the bodies of John Deighton, of this city, 
gent., and Jane, his wife, daughter to Edward Bassett, of Uley, 
by whom he had issue, three sons and four daughters. He spent 
all his time in the study of chirurgery, and attained to great 
knowledge therein. He died 16 May, i6[4o], and she the 23 
April, 1634." 

The registers of the same church show the christening of 
Frances and ELatharine, daughters of John Deighton : 
Frances, bap. 1 March, 1611. 
Katharine, bap. 16 Jan., 1614. 

The accounts of Katharine make her, when she married Gov. 
Dubley (14 April, 1644), the widow of Samuel Hackbume, The 
name in some records is Haighbume ; in her father's will it is 
Hayhume. The pronunciation of Haighbume is not known. 
The name " Haigh," at the present time is variously pronounced 


96 Gloucestershife Notes and Queries . 

— Hay, Hague, Hake, etc. The transformation of ** Haighbume '* 
lo " Hackbume," therefore, is not surprising.* 

We now return to the Williams family. 

Richard Williams, the son of William Williams of Sinwell, 
baptized as already mentioned at Wotton-under-edge, 28 Jan., 
1606 [not in 1599], died in Taunton, Mass., in 1693. He 
married Frances, daughter of John and Jane [Bassett] Deighton, 
who was baptized at Gloucester, 11 v. March, 1611. She died at 
Taunton, Mass., in 1706. Her mother being one of the Bassetts 
of Uley, was a descendant of the ancient Berkeley family. The 
record of the marriage is : 

" Richard Williams, of the parishe of St. Johns, in Glouc', and 
Frances Deighton of the parishe of St. Nicholas, in Glouc' 
aforesaid, were marryed the Xlth day of February, at Witcombe 
Magna, by Mr. Stubbs, [t]eacher, 1632." 

II. Children, bom in Gloucester, England : 

1 John Williams, bap. 37 March, 1634 ; died young. 

2 £l]2abeth, bap. 7 Febmaiy, 1635-6; died young. 
Children, bom in Taunton, Mass. : 

3 Samuel Williams, b. about 1639. 

4 Nathaniel Williams, bap. 7 February, 1641. 

5 Joseph l^niliams. 

6 Thomas Williams. 

7 Elizabeth, b. 1647. 

8 Hannah. 

9 Benjamin Williams, who died in 1701, from whom Gov. Williams 

traces his descent. 
While Govemor Williams has sought the parentage of Richard 
and Frances [Dighton] Williams, their descendants to the fifth 
generation have been inquired for by one of their number, Hon. 
H. Dmmmond of Portland, Maine. A compilation of more 
than twelve hundred names in the male and female lines, has 
already been made, and Mr. Drummond expects to complete it 
at an early day. 

Excerpts from Old Magazines.— April, 1791. Died at 
Dursley, in Gloucestershire, Mr. Bendal, aged 76, famous in 
1731 for riding one thousand miles in one thousand hours, on 
the same horse on Stinchcombe Hill. European Magazine. 

* No doubt the pronunication of Haighbume varied considerably. Veiy 
probably in Gloucestershire the ** gh " in this name was sounded, as it still is 
in "height," by those who speak the dialect of the county.— Editor. 

Excerpts from Old Magazines. 97 

Aug. I St, 1750. Bristol Bank opened. Isaac Elton, Harford 

Lloyd, Will Miller, Thomas Know, and Hall, Directors. 

Such large sums of money daily offer, that the tellers and clerks 
meet with difficulty to dispatch the discompts fast enough. 

European Magazine, Aug., ^750- 

Verses at the entry of the Green Dragon Inn, at Cross Lawn, 
between Upton and Gloucester. 

Oh I what a hurly-burly, noise, and splutter, 

When Wantley's Dragon eat the bread and butter ; 

Till Moorhall's Knight avenged the evil done — 

A Knight more famed than Knights Peg Nicholson ; 

But this great Dragon's always Idnd and civil. 

And drives away all self-created evil ; 

So, should that Devil, Care, your peace confound 

Old Partes the Knight to cicatrize the woimd. 

His potent Drops expel each latent ill 

And Sorrow's Ebon Throne with joyous transport fill. 

European Magazine, August, ijSg. 

Gloucestershire Feast, ii"* Sept', 1786, at fhe Taylor's Hall, 
to proceed to St. James's Church to hear divine service, and 
will afterwards dine at the Assembly Rooms in Prince's SS 
Lord Apsley in the Chair. The Great Expenses which have for 
several years past accrued by giving away the Tickets, obliged 
the Committee last year to adopt the convenient mode of selling 
them at 5/-. Tickets may be had of Mr. Dyer. 

t:3r A proper number of waiters will atttend the feast; 
Gentlemen are requested not to bring their servants. 

Adveriizement in British Gazette, 

^Bristol Pottery^ Joseph King advertized in the Bristol 
Gazette of 11*** Jan*^, 1787, that he had established a factory of 
Queen's and other earthenware which he would sell cheap. 

At the Gloucester Assizes held March, 1779, ten criminals 
were capitally convicted... .but the judge, before he left the 
town, reprieved all of them except Stephen Walker, one of two 
men who robbed Capf" Morgan, at Newnham. 

iS. Jameis Chronicle, tSth March, I'/'/Q. 


gS Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Gloucestershire Wills (continued), 

John Wallingtony of Woodmancott, Dursley, clothworker, will 
nuncupative dated 12 October, 16 19, bequeathes all his goods 
to his wife Margery, subject to the payment of £io to his son 

Witnesses--(Signum) Elizabethe " E." Wallington, 
„ Margeriae " M." Wallington. 

Proved at Gloucester, 14 October, 1619. 

John PumeU of Dursley, clothyer, desires " that there be not 
strife amongst my children " — to son Joseph Purnell ;^8o, and 
one half of my clothworking tools to be delivered presently 
after my decease — ^to son John Purnell the other half of my 
clothworking tools — to daughter Elizabeth £%o — ^to daughter 
Mary ;^8i — to daughters Anne and Sarah £%o each, at 18 years 
of age — to daughter Margaret Singer £^^y and to her son 
Thomas ;^5, at 14 years of age, towards placing him apprentice — 
to daughter Joan Nash £%o — residue to Margaret my wife whom 
I make executrix. Overseers — my friends and kinsmen, Richard 
Tippetts and John Purnell, of the Greenehouse. Dated 16 May, 
1692. Witnesses — ^John Purnell, Jun% Abraham Stiffe and 
Edward Morse. 

Proved 15 June, 1692, by Margaret Purnell the relict. 

P.C.C, Fane 116. 

Maty Purnell of Woodmancote, Dursley, widow, 3 June, i6i8, 
to Margaret my sister/' 100, which my father bequeathed me by 
his will. To every of my brothers and sisters /'20. Margery, my 
brother John Purnell's daughter, Thomas Sandford's three 
children, bom of my sister Katherine, his late wife, £^ each, 
viz. Thomas, John, and Katherine. To every child of sister 
Anne, wife of Wiliam Trotman, 6/8. Anne, my mother, to be 
executrix, and to have residue. Overseers — my uncles William 
Harding and Nicholas Smith. Witnesses — ^Thomas Purnell, 
Robert Purnell, and Henrie Mathewe. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 April, 1619. 

Peter Hardwtcke^ of the Borough of Chipping Sodbuiy, co. 
Gloucester, tanner, 28 Jan., 1729-30. To my eldest son Peter, 
Eastcroft. My son James Hardwicke, and his children. 
To my son Joseph Hardwick the void ground lying between the 
malting house of Benjamin and his own ; also the bark kiln. 
Peter, son of Joseph Hard^vicke. My son George Hardwicke 

Gt&ucesterskire Wills. gg 

deceased, and his children George and Rachel (also called 
Rebeccah). To my son Benjamin Hardwicke the remaining 
part of my cellar, under his malt house for ever. Peter and 
Mary children of Benjamin. My daughter Rachel, wife of 
Stellard. My grandson Samuel Hardwicke. To my grandson 
Robert Hardwicke the farmhouse in Chipping Sodbury, for life, 
aAer the death of Hannah Jenkins and Hester Davis. My sons 
Peter and James, executors. 

Proved in P.CC. 25 Feb., 1729-30, by Peter Hardwicke, M.D., 
and James Hardwicke. 

James Hardwicke of the city of Bristol, a Christian, 1 1 Nov., 
1733. My brother Peter Hardwicke, Doctor of Physick. My 
only son James Hardwicke. My daughter Katherine an annuity 
of ;^2o for life, chargeable on my interest in the navigation of 
the river Avon. My daughter Mary ;^i6 a year, while under 16, 
and after that, £t$ a year, till she is 21 years, and then, ;^iooo. 
My daughter Elizabeth (as Mary). My brother Peter and my 
kinsman, the honourable Gilbert Fleming, Esq., surviving trustees 
named in my marriage articles, in relation to my tythes, renewing 
in Shirehampton (except the tythes of Rush Parrock), and the farm 
called Upper Field, co. Hereford, estates in Newland and Bicknor. 
To my wife ;^ioo, and all the household goods. She to be sole 
executrix if my son be under 21 at the time of my death. 
Proved 15 Feb., 1736-7, by his son James Hardwicke. P.CC. 

Gentleman's Magazine, 2 Feb., 1737. Died James Hardwick, 
Esq., of an apoplectick fit at the 3 Tun Tavern, Bristol. 

Samuel Hardwicke o{ Bristol, apothecary, 19 Feb, 1762. John 
Hardwick and Peter Hardwick, sons of my uncle Joseph 
Hardwick. The three daughters of my uncle Benjamin Hardwick. 
My sister-in-law Ann Webb. ** My present wife " Mary mentioned 
in codicil only. My son Henry Hardwick, deceased. My 
kinswoman Betty Hardwick sister of Mrs. Gould. In codicil 
;^5o for a monument to my deceased son Henry. 

Proved 30 March, 1765, in P.C.C. 

Edward Hardwicke of Chipping Sodbury, nuncupative will 
was proved at Gloucester, 1 709. 344 : 5 : o. 

Sarah Hardwicky of Chipping Sodbury, Adm'on of goods, was 
committed to Joseph Hardwick, her husband, 24 Jan, 1746-7 


lOO Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Mary Hardwick^ of Chipping Sodbury, widow and executrix of 
the last will of Benjamin Hardwick of the same, maltster, i6 
Mar., 1758. My brother Brice Fisher, esq., Robert Willington 
of Bitton, gent., and Jeremiah Russell of Yate, gent., trustees 
and executors, to sell house, etc. My sons James and Peter. 
My husband's brother, Peter Hardwick, M.D. My son John, 
and two daughters, Rachael and Mary. 

Proved at Gloucester by all the executors, 2 and 14 July, 1758. 

JeJyan Knowlys. — 2, July 7, Edward VI. [1553], to be buried 
in the churchyard of Uley — names Gylys Bande, my daughter's 
son ; gives the residue of her property to Margaret my daughter ; 
she is to be sole executrix. Witnesses— John Baker, curet, 
Thomas Domey, Robert Tove, and Wyllyam Domey. 

Proved at Gloucester, last day of February, 1553. 

Endorsed— T. Juliane KnoUes. 

Ny colas Bande of the parish of Uley, 13 Aug., 1553, to be 
buried in the churchyard of Uley — to Thomas my son, the 
indenture of my house — William my son — Margaret my wife, to 
have the residue, and to be sole executrix — ^John Bande to be 
overseer. Witnesses — John Baker, curet, Rycharde Band, 
Rycharde Cadell, Wyllya' Bande, Wyllya' Domey, and others. 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 Feb., 1553. 

Thomas Payne, of the parish of Vley, yeoman ; will dated 
12 April, 1606: to be buried in the churchyard of Uley; to 
daughter Rebecca, and grandchild Launcelot Whitchwell, 22 ewes 
of Austen's breed ; my daughter Sarah, wife of William Cole; my 
grandchild Thomas Payne, son of Thos. Payne; to Thos. Daunsey, 
my great grandchild, son of Henry Daunsey, 6j. %d. ; to every of my 
grandchildren and my great grandchildren " which are as I now 
remember just Ixxvj. I give twelve pence apiece ; " to John Payne 
my grandchild, son of George Payne, my broad loom, after the 
death of my wife ; to Martha my daughter, wife of John Webbe, 
als. Wilkens, my messuage in Ewley, now in the tenure of 
Elizabeth Nicholls, subject to a rent charge of 5^. ; Geoi;ge 
Payne my son, Margery Smyth my daughter, Julian Whitchwell 
my daughter, deceased, and Christopher her son and heir, and 
Mr. George Birch, parson of Ewley, were trustees of testator^s 
conveyances ; to George Payne, lands on West Hill ; executors, 
eldest son John Payne, son Thomas Payne, and wife Alice 
Payne ; overseers, William Fourdes of Cowley and Mr. Benedict 

Gloucestershire Wills. lOi 

Austen of Uley : Mr. John Smith of Nibley to expound anything 
doubtful herein ; witnesses, Jo. Smythe, William Smith, John 
Payne, Launcelot Wichwell, George Payne, Thomas Payne, John 
Tovey, Martha Webbe, Alice Payne. 

The testator and three last witnesses signed with a mark. 

Will proved at Gloucester 6 August, 1606. 

It is not unreasonable to suppose that this will was prepared 
by John Smyth of Nibley, the antiquary. Note that the testator 
is careful to give the exact number of his descendants. 

John Darney of Uley, 29 June, 1657, "my body to be buried 
where it shall please my friends to lay it " — to my son-in-law 
George Pinckett, one half of my ground called Lincen, with the 
half of the profits for the remainder of the terms as in the lease 
— ^the other half to my daughter Elizabeth — to my son 
Augustine, is. as also all my wearing apparel, and the bed which he 
now lieth on — ^to my wife my best bed, &c., and to go after her 
death to my executrixes — residue to my two daughters, Elizabeth 
and Sarah, whom I appoint executrixes. Witnesses — ^William 
Ashmeade, John Parsley. 

Proved, 28 June, 1658, by the daughters. P.CC, Wotton, 4J8, 

Edward Basseii of Uley, gentleman, to be buried in the chapel 
of Uley church — my lands, etc., to Izabell Bassett, my wife, 
with remainder after her death, to my sons, Bamaby, Edward, and 
Giles, in equal shares — ^to my three daughters, Margaret, Susana, 
and Jane, 100 marks apiece — executrix my wife. Overseers — 
Edward Bassett and Thomas Poyntz. 

Proved, 5 November, 1602, by Anthony Calton, notary-public 
for Isabel Bassett the relict. P.CC, Montague 77. 

Isabel Bassett, by Smyth of Nibley, is called Elizabeth, and 
was a daughter of Sir Arnold Ligon. Smyth also mentions a 
fourth Elizabeth, who apparently was the eldest. 

Bamaht Bassett^ devises to Robert Bassett, my youngest son, 
my messuage and land in Uley, called Banchwell, now in the 
occupation of Gyles Taylor, which was bought of Gyles 
Browning, with remainder to Edward Bassett, my eldest son — 
to Hester, my daughter, ;^i5, and the house and orchard in 
Uley, in the occupation of Nicholas Webb, smith, for 21 years 
after my deceased — ^to Jane, my daughter, £1 to be paid her 
within tJiree years after my decease — to Elizabeth Russe, widow, 
my kinswoman, all debts, etc., to me owing. The gifts and 
devises above mentioned were expressed by Bamabi Bassett of 


I04 Uley Old Church. 


tower reminds one, in its general proportions, of the towers of 
Nimpsfield and Kingscote churches, and no doubt was of much 
the same date. 

From a very rough sketch in the Editor's possession, there 
were but two windows on the south side of the nave, which was 
much disfigured by two outside staircases leading to the galleries 
or private pews. The only decorative feature of the nave, if 
such it can be termed, was a plain buttress. Two plain pointed 
windows and doorway of the churchwarden order of gothic are 
shown on the south side of the chancel, which, like the nave, 
was also disfigured by a private staircase. Two of these were 
of the present century, and respecting them, records are to be 
found in the churchwardens' accounts. 

At a parish meeting held on the i^ of June, 1820, the necessity 
of providing accomodation for Mr. Edward Shepherd, Mr. 
William Hinton, and Mr. Richard Blagden was considered, and 
it agreed that they should be allowed to obtain a faculty for 
erecting three pews adjoining the organ gallery. A sketch plan 
of the pews was given. At apparently a latter date, a faculty 
was granted when Mr. Timbrell was archdeacon, to the Rev. 
William Lloyd Baker, to enlarge the chancel on the south, and to 

UUy Old Church, 105 

erect a gallery in the south-west comer of the enlargement, with 
staircase on the outside, to serve as a pew for Mr. Baker, his 
family, and servants, and all future occupiers of Stoutshill. 

This alteration, it may be noted, necessitated the removal of 
an east window, presumably the east window of the aisle. As 
far as we can judge from the photograph, the east window of 
the chancel was one of good proportion. But the most interesting 
feature of the church was the north chapel. This, no doubt, 
was Bassett*s chapel, the burying place of that ancient family. 
Here, according to Sir Robert Atkyns, existed in his time, f .^•, 
about 1709, the monument of Robert Bassett, Esq., who died 
in 1572. The inscription does not appear to have been preserved, 
nor does there appear to be any record of other monuments to 
the Bassett family, and it is certainly remarkable that the church 
does not possess a single memorial of this once important 
Gloucestershire family. Even their burial-place was wholely 
swept away at the rebuilding of the church. It is worthy of 
remark that Bassett's chapel possessed a somewhat rare dedication, 
for we learn from the will of Robert Bassett, Esq., who died in 
1492, that he directed that he should be buried in the Chapel 
of St. Godbold the Abbott. We are unable, however, to give 
any further particulars of this little-known saint, and should 
welcome information on the point. 

The old church, with the high pitched roof of the nave, the 
well-proportioned tower, and its pointed roof, and the chancel 
with the adjacent chapel of St. Godbold, as seen from the 
village green, must have formed a very picturesque composition. 

In the peculiar position of the church, situated on the side of 
the hill, the low height of the tower must certainly have been 
an advantage, as it could hardly have been seen on approaching 
the church from the west by the road from Dursley, thu« 
avoiding the not altogether pleasing effect of the present tower 
as it appears rising just behind the ridge of the nave roof. 

The only relic of the old church besides the monuments 
appears to be a large and very fine-toned tenor bell, which 
bears the following inscription : — 


There is ample room in the bell -chamber, and it certainly 
seems a pity that Uley church, which in every way is so 
admirably situated for the purpose, should be without a good 
ring of bells. 

VOL. V. I 

io6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

The Merrett Family. 

IN St. Peter's Church, Winchcombe, may be seen two brass 
plates, bearing inscriptions to the Merrett family, of which 
through the kindness of the Rev. Canon W. Cook, F.S.A., we 
are able to give exact copies below. The Inquisition post- 
mortem of Christopher Merrett, yeoman, was taken 15 June, 
1625, and a full abstract of this document has just been printed 
in Gloucestershire Inquisitiones post-mortem. He lived at the 
Crown Inn in Winchcombe, and seems to have been possessed of 
a considerable amount of property. The " Crown " he devised 
to his wife Adriana, or Awdery, as she was stiled on the 
monument, for life, or during her widowhood, with remainder to 
his eldest son Richard. The second son George Merrett was to 
have the shop adjoining the " Crown," provided he follow the 
** art or trade of a mercer." Richard Merrett, ** of his piety," it 
will be seen erected this monimient to his parents, and his nephew 
Christopher, in due course '' added " an inscription as a mark of 
gratitude towards his uncle. It will be seen that Richard 
Merrett is described as a bachelor, and a special stress is laid 
upon this fact, which is a little amusing, since the monument 
goes on to say that he was of a " fatherly disposition," unless, 
indeed, we may take it that '' animi paterni " alludes to Richard 
Merrett's reverence towards his own parents. F. L. M. R. 

Here lyeth y* body of Christopher 
Merrett interred y* 9™ of Ianvary 
1624 & OF Awdery his wife (re- 
married TO Thomas Hawkins) bvried 
Y* 7™ OF September 1654 

Hoc posvrr piktatis ergo Richarovs Merrett 
ChRISTOP. & ADRIANiS Primogenitvs 


Svos Animi paterni • • 

MDCCLXX. • • -ffiTATIS LXIV • • 

Honoris Gratitudinisqj cavsa hoc 

• • addidit • • 

Christophervs Merrett nepos. 


Merchants* Marks. 

AS is well known to antiquaries, it was customary for traders 
in the middle ages to adopt certain personal emblems, 
not armorial, as their marks, which seem to be arbitrary in their 
character, though there is a family resemblance between them 
all. In later times, at any rate, they were used by families who 
were entitled to coats of arms. The figure 4, or the figure 4 
reversed, formed in perhaps most merchants' marks the main 
feature of the design, in which also usually appeared the owner's 
initials. By some it is said to symbolize the mast and sail of a 
ship. We give below some notes with rough sketches of 
Gloucestershire merchants' marks extending through three 
centuries, from 1442 to 1731. 

Our first example is the mark of Reginald Spycer, a merchant 
in Cirencester, who died in 1442. It is taken from the brass in 
Cirencester Church, which commemorates him and his four 
wives. It will be observed that in this one the figure | 
4 is absent, and its place is supplied by a cross. On 
the right hand are two wavy lines, not of infrequent 1 
occurrence in these marks, which some say represent 
streamers or banners. 

The next we engrave belongs to the well-known 
Gloucestershire family of Hicks, and is the seal of^ 
one John Hicks, of Tortworth, as attached to a 
deed dated in the 35 year of King Henry VIII. 

The Trotman mark occurs on the seal attached to the will of 
Edward Trotman, of Cam, which was proved 
at Gloucester in 161 2, and will be printed 
subsequently amongst the "Notes on the 
Trotman Family." It is of simple design, and 
as will be seen, the figure 4 is prominent, and 
on either side are the owner's initials. 

The next example we have, the Phillimore 
merchants' mark, which belongs to the next 
century, also conspicuously exhibits the figure 4, but in this case 
the owner's initials form an integral part of the design. It 
occurs on a comer stone of a building, anciently used for 
weaving, added no doubt in 1706 to the Vennings, an old house 
in Lower Cam, which John Phillimore had purchased from 


Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 


William Hopton in 1689. This John 
Phillimore, who died in 171 1, was the 
son of John Phillimore or Phinimore 
who died in 1680, aged 91. Unfortun- 
ately, the stone on which this mark is 
incised is now flaking away. 

The Selwyn mark is taken from the spandril of the doorway 
of the Selwyn house at King's Stanley, erected as the date in the 
corresponding spandril shows in 1583. No doubt this was the 


mark of William Selwyn, who died in 1586, and was buried at 
King's Stanley. He was the eldest son of Richard Selwyn, and 
was the direct ancestor of the Matson Selwyns, of whom 
Mr. Bazley gave a full pedigree in the second volume of the 
Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archceological 
Society. But it should be noted that that pedigree was in error 
as to William Selwyn's wife Catherine. She was a daughter of 
Thomas fnot John) Clutterbuck, of Leonard Stanley. The old 
King's Stanley residence of the Selwyns is now occupied as 
cottages. It is of some architectural interest, and though 
dilapidated, it still retains both inside and out, many of its 
original features. 

The last example, and the latest in date with which we are 
acquainted, is that of John Eyles, a clothier living at Wresden, 
in the adjacent parish of Uley, whose great niece, Elizabeth 
Bayly, married Jonathan Phillimore, the grandson of John 
Phillimore, who died in 171 1* It occurs on the tablet in 




Merchants^ Afarks. 109 

Uley Charchi erected to John Eyles' memor>' in 
1731, and is remarkable for consisting as it 
were of a double 4. An old Uley weaver once 
stated that he believed it to represent a swift, 
or reel for winding yam upon, but this 
explanation is one that is open to doubt« 

There must have been many such of these 
merchants' marks in Gloucestershire, besides 
the few instances now given, on seals, brasses, 
houses, etc., and we shall be very pleased to receive particulars 
of any, and to give engravings of them from time to time. 

F. L. M. R. 

Sir Orlando Bridgeman, 174s— The following entry 
occurs in the Registers of St. Nicholas', Gloucester. 

1745. Sir Orlando Bridgeman, K. B*, buried 5 December. 

Who was this person? According to Burke's "Extinct 
Baronetage " the last Sir Orlando Bridgeman was missing for 
some weeks in 1738, when at length his body was found in the 
Thames, in the June of that year. Sir Francis Bridgeman, his 
son, died in 1740, unmarried* W. C. Heanb. 


John Castle, 1620-50. — ^Any information would be accept' 
able with reference to John Castle, living in Bristol from about 
1620 to 1650, and believed to have been a clerk in holy orders. 
As his name does not appear in Barrett's History of Bristol, 
amongst the beneficed clergy of the city, it is possible he held 
a lectureship or curacy, and there is some reason to suppose 
that he was connected with Redcliffe or Bedminster. F. P. 

Britton or Breton, of Bitton.— Wanted, any early data as 
to this family, more particularly as to its first settlement at Bitton, 
and whence it came. 

The Subsidy Roll, 14 and 15 Hen. VHI., contains the names 
"Thomas Breten" and "John Breten," and is the earliest 
record of the name at or in the neighbourhood of Bitton known 
to your enquirer. Brito. 


no Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Gloucestershire Beacons. — With reference to certain 
"Instructions for beacons in Gloucestershire," A. B, S. remarks 
** There is no date given, and therefore the period this circular 
was issued remains undecided ; but some Gloucestershire 
parochial record may throw additional light on the 'Beacon' 
or 'Alarm' which the 'Instructions' bound the 'Towne' to have 
in readiness to blaze forth. 

It may be right to state that certain churchwardens' accounts 
relating to this parish Anno 1667, contain the following : — 
"Item paid towards repaier of the beacon £0 -, 12 : 6." 

Pepys writes in his Diary, April 27th, 1667, "Certain news of 
the Dutch being abroad on our coast with twenty-four great 

I should be glad to know what was the probable location of 
the beacon to the repair of which Westbury folks contributed 
1 2/6. [See also No. CCCC, Vol. JI.] 

Westbury-on-Severn Vicarage. LEONARD WiLKINSON, B.A. 

Westbury-on-Sevem. — Will someone who has access to 
Mr. W. de Gray Birch's " Cariularium Saxonicum^^ Vol. I., have 
the kindness to inform me whether the " Westbury " mentioned 
in Nos. 274 and 379 is Westbury-on-Sevem or not. 

Our marriage register, under date Jan. 25, 1544, contains the 
following entry : — 

"John Fryer, pawthie, of Arlingham, and Marion Fare of 
this parishe." What does " pawthie " mean ? 

Westbury-on-Sevem Vicarage. LEONARD WiLKINSON, B.A. 

The Arundel Family. — The following abstracts of three 
wills of members of the Arundel family have been contributed 
by Mr. W. C. Heane, of Cinderford. 

Mary Arundel^ of the parish of Stroud, widow. Dated 17 
August, 1660; proved at Gloucester, 24 April, 1660. Names — 
eldest son John Arundell; daughter Mary Wright, living at 
Tetbury; grandchild Mary Hodges; eldest daughter Sarah 
Harris ; third daughter Elizabeth Hodges ; son Samuel Arundell ; 
daughters Anna and Rebecca Arundell, who are to be joint 
executrixes. Witnesses — Samuel Hatton and Julian Hatton. 

The Arundel Fainily. 1 1 1 

Elnor ArundelL Will dated 25 March, 1656; proved at 
Gloucester, 24 June, 1663. Names — son Jaraes Arundel I ; 
daughter Elizabeth ; son Samuel Arundell ; son Jasper Arandell ; 
Jasper, son of my son Thomas Arundell ; daughter Hester 
Clarke; daughters Margery and Elizabeth ; Sarah and Elizabeth, 
daughters of my son Edward Arundell ; Ann, daughter of my 
son James Arundell ; John Clarke and Giles Clarke ; residue to 
daughter Margery. 

Witnesses — John Petat and Henry Arundell. 

John Arundell^ the elder, of Overlyppiatt, clothier. Will dated 
6 December, 1659 ; proved at Gloucester, 16 July, 1666. Names 
— Hannah, my now wife ; daughter Sarah Launder, wife of 
James Launder, of Stroud, mercer ; son Thomas Arundell ; son 
John Arundell ; to poor of Stroud, £1 ; to poor of Randwick, 
4ar. ; residue to son John Arundell, who is appointed sole 
executor; Nathaniel Gardner, of Stroud, mercer, and John 
Chadwell, of the same, clothier, to be overseers. 

Witnesses — Samuel Hatton and Julian Hatton. 

In the Freemen's Roll of the City of Gloucester occurs the 
following entry : — 

1808, September 19. Samuel Arundel, of Dursley, in the 
county of Gloucester, gentleman, son of Richard Arundel, late 
of Painswick, in the same county, soap boiler, deceased, is 
admitted by his father's copy. 

Can any reader help us to connect these Arundels of Painswick 
and Dursley with others of the name in Gloucester and else- 
where. The foregoing wills shew that the Arundels settled in the 
neighbourhood of Painswick in the sixteenth century. Richard 
Arundel, of Painswick, according to tradition, emigrated to 
America, but was lost with the ship on the passage over, leaving 
his widow and child Samuel Arundel in this country. Samuel 
Arundel, about the year 1809, married Adariana Mary, younger 
daughter of William Stiflf, of Uley, and died about 1 840. His 
only son, Ferdinand Leopold Arundel, died a bachelor a year or 
two ago, and with him the male line of this family of Arundel 
has become extinct. It is, however, still represented in the 
female line by Mr. Charles de S61incourt, of Cannon Street, 
London, who is the only son of the late Mr. Charles de 
S61incourt of Paris, who married Adriana, the eldest of the 
three daughters of Samuel Arundel. F. L. M. R. 


1 1 2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Sir Francis Popham. — May I invoke the aid of some of the 
readers of " Gloucestershire Notes and Queries " in solving a query 
that I have already asked in London " Notes and Queries," and 
which has some little connection with Gloucestershire. Who 
was the Sir Francis Popham, who, as stated in Barrett's History 
of Bristol (p. 349), died on the 16 March, 1646 [/.^., 1646-7], 
and was buried in the Mayor's Chapel there ? So far as appears, 
there was but one Sir Francis Popham of that era, namely. Sir 
Francis, of Littlecott, eldest son of Chief Justice Sir John 
Popham, and M.P. for Minehead in the Long Parliament. Sir 
Francis, the M.P., was certainly dead before 25 Oct., 1645, when 
a new writ was ordered for Minehead to fill his place. A Sir 
Francis Popham, doubtless the M.P., was buried at Stoke 
Newington, London, 15 Aug., 1644. 

The late Rev. B. H. Blacker, writing to me upon the appearance 
of my query in "Notes and Queries" said, "I cannot see any 
difficulty in the matter. The M.P. was, as you write, certainly 
dead before Oct., 1645, and Sir Francis Popham, as stated in 
Barrett, died 16 March, 1646, and was buried in the Mayor^s 
Chapel. Therefore, if so, there must have been two of the 
name. Knights were as thick as midges." This would seem to 
be the common-sense view : but then, who was the second man ? 
The late Colonel Chester and the late Rev. F. W. Brown, both 
gave no little attention to the point, and failed to solve the 
difficulty. Neither could find any trace of a second Sir Francis 

Popham. W. D. Pink. 

Leigh, Lancashire. 

The Washbom Family.— On page 54, ante, J. P. enquires 
about an old clock in his possession, made by John Washbom, 
which he supposes to be of 1 7*** century work. 

Although I cannot identify this John Washborn, it may be 
worth while to record that Mr. George Washbom, who was a 
watch and clock maker, purchased the stock and trade of 
Mr. James, in 1774, who lived in and conducted his business in 
the house I now occupy at the Cross, Gloucester. Mr. James 
(whose stock Geo. Washbom had purchased, and to whose 
business he had succeeded), was the successor to Mr. Veyion. 
Mr. Peyton had probably carried on his business in this house 
nearly half a century before 1774. The Washboms, the clock 
makers, made excellent clocks, and their clocks are still to be 
found in many old farm houses, in the county of Gloucester. 

The Cross. Gloucester, W. C. ManN. 


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Notes and Queries. 


On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 

THE surname of Stiff has been associated with the county 
of Gloucester for close upon five hundred years at least, 
and though at present we have no evidence of its existence in 
Gloucestershire at an earlier period than the commencement of 
the fifteenth century, there is documentary proof that persons 
of the name were living in the adjoining county of Wilts some 
two or three hundred years before that date, thus carrying it 
back to a time not very long after Domesday Book. 

Although the Stiffs have never taken any prominent position 
in Gloucestershire, it still may be of interest if we attempt to 
trace the origin of the family and derivation of this surname, 
for there is some reason to believe that it belongs to the very 
oldest class of English family names, those which are patronymic 
in their character, and are derived from the ancient personal 
names brought over from the continent by the early Teutonic 
invaders of Britain, most of which, however, fell into disuse in 
consequence of the Norman conquest. To this conclusion we 
are drawn by the fact that all instances of the name, however 
early may be their date, are without the prefix of any particle, 

VOL. V. K 


114 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

like "le," "at," or "de," such as are usually found associated with 
those names which are derived from the occupation or place of 
origin of those who first acquired them. 

The etymology of the family nomenclature of England is a 
science still in its infancy, being indeed, to a very great extent, 
little more than guess work, and it must remain so until surnames 
are individually traced back to their respective localities and, 
through the changing forms which occur in records, to the 
earliest periods at which they can be found. 

In attempting then to ascertain the origin and early history 
of a surname, the principal questions to be considered are the 
various forms it may take, the early recorded examples, and the 
localities in which it is found, and in the case of a patronymic 
the origin of the personal name upon which it is based. 
This we shall seek to do with the surname with which we are 
now concerned. A name consisting only of a single syllable, 
like Stiff, obviously does not admit of much variation of form, a 
fact which, of course from the view of the genealogist, is no small 

The surname of Stiff is one of a group of three now existing 
names which are probably identical in their origin. These are 
Stiff, Steff, and Staff. The first seems to be the form mostly in 
use in the West of England, and the two latter in East Anglia. 
Steff, at present a very rare name, is apparently becoming 
extinct through absorption in the ranks of either the Stiffs or 
the Staffs. There are other forms, no longer extant, depending 
upon the alteration in the vowel, the change of " f " into " v," 
and the addition of the letter "t." That these variants are 
interchangeable forms, there is in most cases ample documentary 
evidence. They may be arranged as in the following table — 

Stuf and Stuph. Stefe. Stiff, Styffe, Steff. Staff. 

Stive. Steefe. and Stiffe. Steffe. 

Stife. *Stift, Stifit, 

Stief. Styfite, and 

Styfe. Steyfte- 

With the exception of Stuf, Stuph, Stive, Steff, and Staff, all 
these variant forms occur in the parish registers, wills, and other 

* Stilt or Stifit does not now exist as a surname in England, and only 
appears occasionally in parish registers and the like. It, however, is founa 
on the continent, and occurs in Austria where, according to *< Rietstap," 
there is a family of barons of this name. As a slight confirmation of the 
identity of Stiff and Stift, it may be noted that a recent edition of Kelly's 
London Suburban Directory enters a lady named Stiff under the spelling 
Stift. We may also compare the names Ciiffe and Clift. 


On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 115 

records relating to the Gloucestershire Stiffs in the fifleenth, 
sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries. That Stiff and Steflf are 
identical is shown by the registers of St. Magnus, London 
Bridge, the wills of the Northamptonshire Stiffs and Steffs, 
and records relating to the Steffs and Stiffs of Drinkstone in 
Suffolk. We have at present no documentary evidence to show 
the identity of Steflf with Staff, and Stiff with Stuf, but that 
they are etjmiologically the same there can be no doubt.* 

Locally the families which bear the name of Stiff, if we 
except comparatively modem settlements in great trading centres 
such as London and Birmingham, seem to be almost wholely 
confined to a zone or district extending something like five and 
twenty miles on either side of a line drawn from. Bristol to 
I^owestoft. Within this zone, several families of Stiff and Steff 
have been settled, between whom for the last three or four 
centuries no kinship can be traced, although of course it is 
by no means improbable, when we consider how few families 
of the name there are, and how very localized it is, that at some 
early period they may have branched off from one common 
stock, and that an agnatic blood relationship exists, though 
remotely, between most of those who bear the name. Whether 
this be so or not, is, however, a point we cannot hope to 
determine. The counties in which the name is chiefly found 
during the last three or four centuries, are Gloucestershire, 
Berkshire, and Hampshire, Northamptonshire and Suffolk. 

The Gloucestershire Stiffs appear at Hawkesbury as early as 
the year 1419, and they are found in the register of that parish 
down to the year 1826. Branches of this family settled in 
Kingswood, Wotton-under-Edge, Dursley, Cam, and Uley, and 
with one or other of these places they are still connected. 
One line, presumably an offshoot of the Hawkesbury Stiffs, has 
existed in the neighbouring village of Iron Acton for a very 
considerable period. To this latter family belong the Stiffs of 
Dover, who settled there in the beginning of this century. 
Others were settled at Chipping Sodbury, Wickwar, and North 

In Berkshire the name appears at least as early as 1584, 
and persons bearing it were living in the county early in the 

* See below where the etymology of Stiff in the various Teutonic languages 
is touched upon. It may be wortii while noticing that in Scotland, where 
they say "wull" for "will," English people named Stiff are sometimes 
addressed as Stuff. Compare also Clutterbuck and Clitterbooke, Brunnesley 
and Brinsley, Dudcot and Didcot. 


1 1 6 Gloucestershire Notes and Qturies. 

present century. The districts with which the Stiffs were 
associated are in Mid Berkshire round about Lara bourne, 
and on the southern edge of the county adjoining Hampshire^ 
in the northern part of which county they appear as early as 1509. 
We find them at Sherborne, Pamber, Bramley, Strath field say e, 
and Silchester, at which last place they still own property. 

In Northamptonshire^ the subsidy rolls show a Robert Steffe 
at Norton, in 1524-5. The will of Robert Styffe, of Norton, was 
proved 1548-61, and that of Richard Steffe, of Norton, in 1556-7. 
Other Northamptonshire places with which they were connected 
were Whilton, Braunston, Rotherthorpe, and Floore. The 
will of William Stiffe, of Glendon, was proved in 1724. 

In Bedfordshire we find the will of Eusebius Stiff, of Elstow, 
which was proved in 1723. 

In Suffolk there is, at the present day, quite a numerous clan of 
Stiffs. Some few of them seem to have been emigrants from 
other districts, but the majority are doubtless indigenous to 
the county, that is to say they can be traced in the early part 
of the sixteenth century. Anciently, the more usual spelling 
followed in East Anglia seems to have been Steff, a form which 
has been almost wholely superseded by Stiff. 

The will of Simon Steffe, of Woolpit, was proved in 1529-38, and 
with that village and the neighbouring ones of Drinkston, Norton, 
and Rougham, the Stiffs are still connected. 

Anne Steffe of Drinkstone, in 1585, married John Stevens, 
alias Cator. James Steffe of Drinkeston, youngest son of John 
Steffe of the same place, in 1668 filed a bill in chancery against 
his brother John Steffe, claiming certain copyholds by virtue of 
the custom of borough English. In his brother's reply, however, 
the name is throughout spelt Stiffe, thus forming an interesting 
proof of the identity of the two surnames. 

There was a family of Steffe settled at Tuddenham at the 
end of the sixteenth century, several of whom were educated at 
Emanuel College, Cambridge, and became clergymen. John Steff 
graduated at Clare College in 1672, and George Steff in 
1675, and the former may be the Rev. John Steff, rector of 
Wrentham, who died in 1723. and whose son the Rev. Thomas 
Steff, of Taunton, published a volume of sermons in 1743. 
Whether the Steffs of Tuddenham and Wrentham were one 
and the same family, or whether they were connected with the 
Steffs or Stiffs of Woolpit and Drinkstone, we are unable to say. 

On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 1 1 7 

The general result then is this: we find that in the sixteenth 
century there existed some five or six different groups of the 
name, extremely localized, and apparently not then related to 
each other. These were — 
Gloucestershire. Stiff, Stefe, Hawkesbury, Cam, 

andStift. Dursley, Iron Acton, from 1419. 
Hampshire and 

South Berks. Stiff. Silchester. „ 1509. 

Mid Berkshire. Stiff. Lamboume. „ 1584. 

Northampton. Steff or Stiff. Norton, Glendon. „ 1524. 
Suffolk. Steff or Stiff. Woolpit, Drinkston. „ 1529. 

Steff. Tuddenham. „ 1598. 

Leisure has not permitted the taking of an accurate census of 
the name, though that of course is possible, since 1837, through 
the records of the Registrar-General's office. But a study of 
the birth registers for the period of five years ending 1 88 1 leads 
to the conclusion that there were nearly two thousand Stiffs, 
Steffs or Staffs, living at that date. This calculation is based 
on the supposition that the rate of births in families bearing 
these names is a normal one. The exact figures are shown in 
the following table : — 

Staff births in 1877-81, 132. Total living 1881, 773 
Steff „ „ 24. „ „ „ 140 

Stiff „ „ 177. „ „ ,* 1037 


Staff and Steff are mainly East Anglian forms, and all the 
'names seem now commoner there than in the West of England, 
though we have but few notes about the Staffs. There is, 
however, some reason to believe that this is due to an abnormal 
increase amongst the Suffolk Steffs and Stiffs during the last 
hundred and fifty years. 

According to Sharon Turner, the population of England at 
the time of Domesday was not less than two millions, in other 
words about a thirteenth of what it was at the census of 1881. 
Consequently if the various families of Staffs, Steffs, and Stiffs 
have increased at the normal ratio during the last eight hundred 
years, their number in the year 1086 could not have exceeded 140 
or 150 persons, about ten of whom would represent the modem 
Steffs, about sixty the Staffs, and about eighty the Stiffs. As 

^ As a contrast it may be mentioned that the Smiths living at the same 
date numbered not less than 356,915 persons. 


1 1 8 Gloucestershire Notes afid Qturies. 

every one can probably number amongst his recognized kindred 
some fourteen or fifteen who bear the same surname as himself, 
there would be about ten families only to represent the 
Domesday progenitors of the modem Staffs, Steffs, and Stiffs. 
Since the name, so far as researches go, is common only to the 
Teutonic population of England and the continent, we venture 
to suggest that its bearers are of Saxon descent, and that their 
remote ancestors may be sought for amongst the invaders of 
Britain in the fifth and sixth centuries. Emigrants into a new 
country, if they would hold their . own, must increase far more 
rapidly than the normal ratio of settled lands and therefore a 
small clan consisting of ten or a dozen families in the time of 
William the Conqueror may very well have descended from a 
single common ancestor or stockfather, living four or five 
hundred years earlier.* 

Amongst the Teutonic settlers in England in the first half of 
the sixth century, was a Jutish chieftain named Stuf, who 
landed in the Isle of Wight in the year 514. Cerdic, the first 
King of the West Saxons, was his uncle, and he himself was 
the founder of a family which, three centuries later, still occupied 
a very prominent position, since we are told that one of his 
descendants was Oslas, the "famous" Chief Butler of King 
Ethelwulf. The king indeed married his daughter Osburgh, 
who became the mother of Alfred the Great. The chronicler 
in recording these facts, deems it needful to inform us that 
Queen Osburgh was noble, not only by disposition, but also by 
descent from the Goths and Jutes, being "of the race of Stuf 
et Wightgar." King Alfred was bom at Wantage, a fact which 
renders it not unlikely that the race of Stuf may have migrated 
northwards, and settled in Berkshire. And the place-names in 
the neighbourhood of Wantage, as we shall presently see, lend 
support to the suggestion that a clan of Stifingas, the 
descendants of Stuf, lived thereabouts. If this be so, it is a 
remarkable coincidence that for centuries we should find the 
name Stiff existing in the county. Though the suggestion may 
seem a bold one to make, it is possible that the modem Stiffs in 

* Names which remain comparatively rare in the mother countij, may become 
of frequent occurrence in a colony, as the experience of America during the 
last three hundxi^d years amply demonstrates. There are in the United 
States, many families, now quite numerous, who trace their lineage from one 
common ancestor who settled in New England a couple of centuries back. 
The same process doubtless often happened with the families of Teutonic 
settlers in England in th€ fifth and sixth centuries. 


On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 119 

England may be directly descended from the Jutish chieftain Stuf, 
who flourished more than thirteen centuries ago. 

But this suggestion is only possible on the assumption that 
many modem Englishmen derive their surnames from the 
ancient personal names in use before the days of the Norman 

This suggestion compels us to digress spmewhat, and to 
consider somewhat the Anglo-Saxon system of personal names, 
and its effect upon our modem family nomenclature. Too little 
attention has been paid to the subject, and writers on surnames 
usually assume that such did not become hereditary until some 
time after the Norman Conquest, a view which there seems some 
reason to believe is an erroneous one. 

Undoubtedly there must have been a large number of families 
who readily changed their surnames, perhaps every generation, 
just as was the Welsh custom until lately, if indeed the practice 
be even now extinct. But Domesday book affords us unmistakable 
evidence about family or hereditary nomenclature, for its pages 
show us that the ancestors of such families as Poyntz, Byron, 
Berkeley, etc., in the eleventh century, used the same surnames 
as do their descendants in the nineteenth, and Sharon Turner 
quotes some charters of the tenth century, showing the existence 
then of a family bearing the surname of Hatte, a name which 
stiU exists amongst our family nomenclature. 

That we so rarely meet with sumames in Anglo Saxon charters 
may be due to the fact that a man's baptismal designation was 
par excellence his name, and therefore the only one which ought 
to be recorded in a legal document. 

Of the vast number of Saxon personal names, only a very few 
indeed are still used in baptism. The rest are utterly extinct 
and forgotten, or exist only embedded amongst our family 
sumames. From them have originated a class of early patronymic 
sumames derived from the personal appellation of some remote 
forefather, just as in later centuries arose the names of Williamson 
and Williamis, Watson and Watts, Richards, Thomas, etc. 
The latter we may appropriately style the ^^-patronymics : 
the fomier are the /a/?(7-patronymics. 

Mr. E. A. Freeman in his History of the Norman Conquest, 
has pointed out that if we could trace when Knott came into 
use as a sumame, we should have a clue to the period when 
Enutt ceased to be a personal name. And the converse of 


Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

course would indicate the latest date to which we could assign 
the adoption of Knott or Nutt as an hereditary surname. 

That many of the Anglo Saxon personal names must have 
been adopted as the distinctive hereditary surnames of families, 
tribes, or clans, seems to be indicated by the frequency with 
which they occur with the addition of the particle ing, a syllable 
having the primary meaning of " young man," and being also 
indicative of "son" or "descendants." Thus "Skiolding" is the 
son of Skiol, while the Pendingas are the descendants of Penda, 
and the Doddings or Dodingas are the family or tribe who own for 
their ancestor one Dodda. Doubtless the members of the clan 
used their ancestor's name either alone or with the addition of 
" ing," thus accounting for such forms as Brown and Browning. 
And as the Doddings gave name to the village of Doddington, 
so in turn it would give name to the family of Doddington. 

Thus these early personal names have had a double influence 
on our family nomenclature, to which it will be seen they 
contribute both directly and indirectly In the one class are 
the Dodds and the Doddings, and in the other class are the 
Doddingtons, who derive their name from the place. It is 
obvious, therefore, that the antiquity of the name Dodd and 
Dodding is to be measured by the date at which Dodda fell into 
disuse as a personal name, while the Doddingtons probably 
acquired their surname sometime in the middle ages by reason 
of their ancestor's connection with Doddington. The Dodds 
may have a descent by blood from Dodda, but not so probably 
the Doddingtons. 

A table of some early Anglo Saxon names, chiefly those 
which are monosyllables, will make plainer the effect they have 
had upon the local and family nomenclature of England. In 
the first column are given in capitals the original Saxon personal 
names ; in the second and third, those modem English surnames 
derived directly from them ; in the fourth, the placenames ; and 
in the last column, the surnames derived from the places. 







DoMAR. Dummer. 








On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 121 



• • • t 


• • • • 



• • • • 






• • • t 


• • • • 

• • • • 

t • • • 



• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • • 


• • • t 







• • • 


• • • • 



• • • t 







• • • t 


• • t • 



• • • • 


• • • t 



• . • • 





• • • • 


t • • • 








• • • • 














• • • t 





• • • • 





• • • • 




• • • • 



t • • • 

Fin or 


• • • • 







• « • • 




• • •. t 




• • • • 

• • • • 

• • • • 

* In a charter dated 796 we find that Sighere filius Sigheri was an attesting 

t King Hardi Canute, the son of Knat» is a familiar character, and he 
would certainly appear to be an example of the way in which patronymic 
somames arise. 

{ Why the Browns are so numerous is a puzzle which is yet unsolved. 
Many of them doubtless derive their name from some Anglo Saxon Brun, but 
it would be unwise to conclude that they all have the same origin. If they 
were, we might have expected to find the Brownings at least as numerous, 
and this notoriously is not so. It is worth while observing that in Domesday 
Jbook we are told that Bnm held property in Brunnesleia, the modem Briusley, 
/which gave its name to the Nottinghamshire family of Brinsley. 

I •According to Lower, one Osgod Clapa possessed the Surrey Clapham 
before the Conquest, and this certainly looks like an instance of a surname. 

\ At the time of Domesday, one Gamel held land at Gamelston, now 
Gamston, near Nottingham, and Gamble is still found as a surname in that town. 

VOL. V. L 

122 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

Ella. .... . . . • Elton, Elton. 

[Bill].* Bill. Billings. Billingsley. Billingsley. 

WiTTA. Witty. Whiting. Whittington. Whittington. 

Brand. Brand. .... Brantingham, .... 

Of course the foregoing must be viewed as an experimental 
list only. Some of the names may have other origins than the 
ones suggested. Thus places called Fenton may be derived from 
the personal name Fen or Fin, or from the physical characteristics 
of the locality. The Wilfords may derive either from the village 
Wilford, or the patronymic Wilfrid ; and so with the Dummers. 

Most of the names in the first column are taken from the 
pedigrees of the Anglo Saxon kings. Some of these early 
appellations must have been of frequent occurrence, or their 
owners must have had large possessions. Thus there are at least 
seven places apparently derived from Bod, and the suggested form 
Bill supplies us with Billingsley, Bilton, Billington, Bilborough, 
Billingborough, etc. 

We are inclined to suggest that there may be an important 
distinction in the significance of place names with s and those 
without it. Billingsley would be the ley belonging to one 
Billing or to the Billing family, being literally Billing's ley. 
Billington on the other hand would be the town which was 
principally peopled by a clan of Billings, or by persons bearing 
that name. A similar difference of meaning may exist in 
Bilston and Bilton, or in Wigston and Wigton. But it must be 
remembered that the way in which the letter s is added to, or 
dropped from, words appears to be somewhat anomalous so 
that this suggestion must be received with caution. 

It is perhaps needless to remark that to deal satisfactorily with 
the origin of the surnames in the foregoing list, it would be 
requisite to institute a very minute investigation into their early 
family history, and to their localities of occurrence, such as our 
space here would not permit of. 

fTo be continued J. 


* It should be noted that we have not met with any actual instance of this 
name in Anglo Saxon records. It may be the origin of the surname Bell, 


Notes on the Trotman Family (continued). 
Entries in Syston Registers. 


172 1. Samuel, son of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 

1725. Anne, dau. of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 

1726. Thomas, son of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 
1728. Thomas, son of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth, 
1738. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 
1 75 1. Thomas, son of Samuel and Esther Trotman. 

1753. Thomas, son of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 

1754. Mary, dau. of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 
1760. Edward, son of Rev. Samuel and Mary Trotman. 

1787. Dorothea, daughter of Fiennes and Hester Trotman. 

1 8 1 8. Emmeline, dau. of Fiennes Trotman, esq., and Harriet. 

1820. Harriet, dau. of Fiennes Trotman, esq., and Harriet. 

1 82 1. Harriet Elizabeth, daughter of Fiennes Trotman, esq., 

and Harriet. 

1 82 1. John Fiennes, son of Fiennes Trotman, esq., and 


1822. Laurence Fiennes, son of Fiennes Trotman, esq., 

and Harriet. 
1830. Hester Louisa, daughter of Fiennes and Elizabeth 
Ann Trotman. 


1689. Richard Holford and Susanna Trotman. 

1712. Samuel Trotman, of Bucknell, and Dorothea Trotman, 

only dau. of Samuel Trotman, esq., of Syston Court. 
1805. Philip Thomas Wykeham, of Thawe Park, and Hester 

Louisa Trotman. 


1725. Anne, dau. of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 

1726. Thomas, son of Thomas Trotman, esq., and Elizabeth. 
1728. Thomas, son of Thomas Trotman, esq. and Elizabeth. 
1732 [.'^42]. Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Trotman, esq., 

and Elizabeth. 

1756. Samuel Trotman . 

1760. Thomas, son of Samuel and Esther Trotman. 

1 78 1 . Thomas Trotman. 

„ Mary Trotman. 

1788. Samuel, eldest son of Fiennes and Hesther Trotman. 
1792. Samuel Trotman. 

1 80 1 . Jane Trotman. 

124 Glatuestershire Notes and Queries. 

1823. Emmeline Trotman, aged 4 years. 

„ Harriet, wife of Fiennes Trotman, Jun., esq. 

„ Lawrence Fiennes Trotman. 

„ Fiennes Trotman, esq. 

1824. John Fiennes Trotman. 
1833. Hesther Trotman. 

1835. Adelaide Agnes Trotman. 

„ Fiennes Trotman. 
1838. Mary Trotman. 

1875. Harriet Elizabeth Dickenson, daughter of Fiennes 
Trotman, esq., and Harriet. 

Marriage Allegations at Gloucester. 

The following extracts are taken from the collections of the 
late Mr. T. W. Cattell, of King Stanley, who has left a memorandum 
that his searches did not include the periods 23 May, 1 691, to 
1695, and , 1696, to 8 Aug., 1702 : — 

1 664. Nov. 29. William Trotman, of Thombury, gent., 
aged 25, and Hannah Hayward, of 
Thombury, single, aged 25. 

1667. Jan. 18. Richard Trotman, of Berkeley, widower, 
mercer, and Anne Walker, of Oldbury- 
on-Seaverne, in the parish of Thomebury, 
single, aged 24. 

1669. July 19. William Saniger, of parish of Barkley, 

widower, and Elizabeth Trotman of the 
same, single, aged 40. 

1670. May 12. William Hynton, of Frampton-on-Seaveme, 

carpenter, widower, and Lydia Trotman, 
of Cam, single, aged 26. 

1 67 1. Oct. 21. Daniel Trotman, of Cam, yeoman, aged 19, 

and Mary Derriatt, of Stinchcombe, single, 
aged 26. 

1 67 1. Dec. 4. John Trotman, of Cam, clothier, aged 23, 

and Susanna Keynes, of Rodbome, in 
Malmesbury, co. Wilts, single, aged 24. 

1672. May 7. Daniel Trotman, of Cam, yeoman, aged 36, 

and Jane Nelme, of Stinchcombe, single, 
aged 24. 
1 674. Apr. 1 8. Timothy Trotman, of the parish of Berkeley, 
yeoman, aged 30, and Alice Atwood of 
the same, single, aged 21. 

1674. June 20. Nicholas Trotman, of Nibley, yeoman, 

aged 40, and Mary Harding, of the parish 
of Hawksbury, aged 30. 

1675. May 24. Robert Trotman, of Cam, clothworker, aged 

23, and Hannah Hicks, of Cam, single, 
aged 21. 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 125 

1675. 'July 28. William Hopton, of Strowde, gent., aged 23, 
and Anna Trotman, of Painswick, single, 
aged 22. 

1678. Sept. 23. Morrise lies, of Hawkesbury, laborer, aged 

24, and Susannah Trotman, of Hawkes- 
bury, single, aged 24. 

1679. Aug. 30. Robert Trotman, of Tortworth, yeoman, 

aged 27, and Mary Francombe, of Tort- 
worth, single, aged 25, — at Tortworth, 
Charfield, or Cromhall. 

1 68 1. May 10. John Batten, of Charlton Kings, alleged 
that Linnett Pate, of Charlton Kings, 
gent., and Katherine Trotman, of Charlton 
Kings, single, aged 24, — at Charlton, 
Cubberley, or Presbury. 

1 68 1. June 25. Timothy Trotman, of Berkeley, yeoman, 
and Mary Smith, of Berkeley, widow, — 
at Berkeley or the Colledge. 
„ July 21. Nicholas Trotman, of Coaley, tailor, aged 
23, and Sarah Wood, of Coaley, single, 
aged 18, — at Coaley, Hawkesbury, 
Didmarton, or Beverstone. 
„ Aug. I. Charles Trotman, of Wotton-sub-Edge, 
clothier, aged 30, and Mary Wallis, of 
Wotton-sub-Edge, single, 25, — at Wotton- 
sub-Edge, or the Colledge. 

1690. Sep. 23. Charles Trotman, of Wotton-sub-Edge, and 

Joanna • of Cranham. 

„ 'Feb. 16. Richard Trotman, of Wotton-sub-Edge, 
bachelor, aged 23, and Christian Smith, 
of Wotton-sub-Edge, spinster, aged 21. 

1696. Apr. 14. Samuel Stiff, of Minchin Hampton, bachelor, 
aged 23, and Mary Trotman, of Stinch- 
combe, spinster, aged 24. 

1703. May Charles Smith, of Slimbridge, bachelor, 

aged 22, and Judith Trotman, of Cam, 
spinster, aged 21. 

(To he continued J 

¥t *** ¥t 

Military Assessment on the Gloucestershire Clergy. 

THE following: copy of an assessment made upon the 
clergy will prove of interest to many. It has been 
transcribed from the Lansdowne M SS. in the British Museum 
by our correspondent A. B. S. for Gloucestershire Notts and 
Queries, [see Vol. I., p. 84.] 
J/ Martijy 1613, 

A VIEW of the horse armour and other warlike furniture 
assessed upon the Clergy w**in the Dioces of Glouc*, taken by 
The Reverend Father in God, Miles, Lo** Bishop of the same 
Diocese, Anno 161 3. 

The Deane and Chapter, two light horses fuH. 
The Chancellor, a light horse fuH. 
The Arch Deacon, a light horse fur^. 

Glouc« Decant. 
Henry Childe, Vicar, a Calliu** fur. 
Richard Vaughan, p'bend., a pike, fur. 
W°* Hawke, Vicar, a muskett, fur. 

{Francis Yate, Vicar, ) ^ ,. , . k^.«^ a,, 
Tho. Woodcock, Vicar, \ * ^'«^^ ^"««' ^' 
Robert Haines, vicker, a calliver fur. 
Rudgewell, Vicar, a muskett w**" 

Morton Valence 

Painswick & 



flaske and touch box. 






James Luffingham, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Rich. Smith, Vicar, a Holbert, Sword, Dagger, 

and Belt. 
Tho. Loyd, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Lewis Evans, Rector, a Calliu^ fur. 
John Loyde, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 






a horseman. 

a muskett flaske and 

tuch Box. 
' a holbert, sword, dag- 
ger, and belt. 


Rich. Gladwin, Vicar, ) CcAWu^ fnr^ 
W» Lambert, Vicar, ] ^ ^^^^^ ' '"'^• 
W"" Baldwin, Rector, a Muskett, fuH. 

* A *< Caliver " is a kind of hand gun, musket or arquebuse. 



Gloucestershire Clergy Military Assessment. 127 

Shiptoe Olliff. 








Will. Stedman, Vicar, a Muskett, fur. 
George Mate, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Thomas Bannister, Vicar, a Muskett, ftur. 
Edward Sprint, Vicar, a Calliu', fur*. 
Rich. Coppock, Vicar, a Calliu', fui^. 
Hen. Williams, Rector, a pike, fur*. 
Samuell Clinton, Rector, a muskett, fur. 
Charles Hurst, Rector, a muskett, fur. 
Timothy Gates, Rector, two light horses, 
Tho. Knowles, Rector, a light horse, fur. 
John Crowder, a pike, furnished. 
Robert Roof, a Calliu', fur. 
Rich. Taylor, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
— ^— a pike, fur., vacat. vicar. 
James Clifford, a sword, dagger, belt, head- 


Miles Gloucester. 


/ a Sword, 

p'cUs P^K^^' 

Belt, and 
\ Head-peece. 


Deane Magna. 










&c. Lancant. 


S* Breuill. 



Bricknor Anglia. 



Forest Decanat. 

Thomas Rudge, Vicar, a sword, dagger, belt, 

Hugh Greffith, Rector, \ 

Thomas Cooke, Rector / 
John Stock, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Nathaniel Dad, Vicar, a Cor., fur. 
Walter Cowsley, Vicar, ) « ^-^ r • i. j 
John Roberts. Reto'. | ^ ^°^' f'»nushed. 

Thom. Philpott, a Muskett, fur. 

I Edmund Arrundell, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 

Hen. Loyd, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
Rich. Wargent, Curatt, a head-piece. 
Tho. Lancett, Vicar, a head-peece and Pike, 
Anthoney Stirry, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
Hump. Smart, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
Nico. Dene, Vicar, I « r-^ «^* r • i.^ 
John Craddock, Vicar, J ^ ^°'^^' f"™'s^»*- 


Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 




Musketts, 2 

Tho. Williams, Rector, a head-peece, sword, 

dagger, and belt. 
Hen. Bradford, Vicar, a Cor*, fur. 

Rectoriae Vacat, a Musket, fur. 

Vicariae Vacat, a Pike, fur. 

a sword, dag', belt, head-peece. 
a head-peece, sword, dagger, 
■ and holberts. 

p'clls - 

^ a head-peece and pike. 




• Weston-sup-Avon. 



Stan way. 


Weston Subage. 


Hinton Sup Ver. 

Aston Som'field. 

Wilford& Clifford. 














Cambden Decanat. 

John Jening, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 

Francis Webber, Vicar, a Pike, fur. 

Hen. Hornby, Vicar, a sword, dagger, & belt. 

Steven Hall, Vicar, a holbert, beaver, and 

Will. Blackwell, Vicar, a Muskett, fur. 
Hughes, Vicar, a Marrion, sword, 

dagger, and belt. 
W" Crompe, Vicar, a head-peece. 
Job Becke, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
John Rutter, Rector, a Calliu% fur. 
Nicho. Edwards, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Hen. Hunt, Rector, a pike, fur. 
John Roper, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Anthoney Hund, Rector, a light horseman, fur. 
. Edw. Vernon, Rector, a Muskett, fur. 
John Pardridge, Rector, a Pike, fur. 
Oliver Dislon, Rect., a light horse and 

saddle, fur. 
Laurence Huslock, Rector, a light horse and 

saddle, fur. 
John Ssoanes, (?) Recto., a light horseman, 

Laurence Banks, Recto', a horseman, furnish^ 
John Maultby, Reef, a Muskett, fur. 
W" Fisher, Recto', a light horseman, fumisht. 
Thos. Petifer, Rector, a pike fumisht. 
Tho. Faucett, Reef, a pike, fumisht. 
Tho. Giles, a Call., flaske, and touch box. 
Edw. Pearse, Vicar, a Muskett, fur. 
James Becke, Reef, a Corslett, furnisht. 
Xoper Cragg, Rector, a Muskett, furnisht. 

Gloucestershire Clergy Military Assessment. 1 29 




Risssington p'va. 

Auston Blank. 



. Notgrove. 




Barington p'va. 


Battisford. Henry Cooke, a Calliu', furnisht. 

Horses, 3 \ /a holbert, and head-peece. 

MilaGhmesler^'^^^^'l p'cells. * '"""°"' ^*°"^' ^^»K' ^^^ 

Pikes, 5 / \ a horseman. 

Stow Dbcanat. 

William Busteed, Rector, a light horse and 

saddle, fur. 
Thomas Gamond, Rector, a Corslett, fur. 
John Tidmarsh, Rector, a horseman, fur. 
Henry Serven, Recto, a Calliu', furnisht. 
Jasp. Merrick, Rector, a pike, fur. 
Rich. Stone, Rect., a Calliu', fur. 
Rodolphe Coolton, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Rissington magna. Tho. Whittington, Rector, a light horse, fur. 
Burton sup aquae. Henry Hurst, Recto'. 

Ambrose Hurst, Rec, a Calliu', fur. 
Nathaniell Hurst, Recto', a Calliu., fur. 
Joseph Hakesman, Rector, a horseman, fur. 
Tho. Preston, Rect., a Pike, fur. • 
John Beedle, Vicar, a Calliu'. fur., flaske and 

Gilbert Hudson, Vicar, a sword, belt, dagger, 

Thomas Burbadge, Rector, 
Foulke Joanes, Rector, 
W" Jackson, Vicar, 
Barrington magna. John Hicks, Vicar, a Calliu', 
touch box. 
Horses, 2 
Pikes, 4 
Musketts, 6 
Calliu', 7 

Miles Gloucester, 


a Calliu', fur. 
flaske, and 

a Calliu', Flaske, 
and Touch-box. 
a horseman. 





Colne Deene. 

North Cemy. 

Dunsbome mi**". 

Dunsbom Abb*. 


Edward Mascall, Vicar, ^ Calliu', fur. 
William Ashefeild, Rector, a Muskett, fur. 
Edward Mascall, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 
Tho. Broade, Rector, a Muskett, fur. 
Robert Hyett, Rector, a Muskett, fur. 
Philip Prichard, Rector, a Pike, fur. 
Richard Woodward, Rector, a Calle', fur. 
Giles Dimock, Rector, a sword, dagger, pike, 
and belt. 


a pike, fur. 


130 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Daglingworth. Richard Sanders, Rector, a Call', furnished. 
Stratton. David Powell, Rector, a Call', fur. 

Badginton. Richard Burton, Reef, a Cair, fur. 
Colne Rogers. John Smith, Reef, a sword, dag — belt, and 
Coates. Wm. Masters, Rector, a Calliv*, fur. 

Drifeild. Hon. Hall, Vicar, 

Ampney Crucis John Hann, Rector, . 
Hen. Bishop, Vicar, \ 
Siddington Marye. John Spurrett, Rector, a pike, fur. 
Preston. Robert Harding, Vicar, \ 

South Cerney. Henry Charrington, Vicar, > a pike, fur. 
Siddington Peter. Walter Flewelin, Vicar, ) 

Bamsley. Nathainell Aldisworth, Rector, a light horse 

and saddle, furnished. 
Bybury. Nicholas Jennings, Vicar, a Coslett, fur. 

Pikes, 5 \ /a swotd, dager, belt, 
•hjr'i r>i 4 Musketts, 2 f ] and pike, 
Mtks G&«c«/^calliv, 7 a sword, dagger, belt, and pike. 

Horses, i j v a light horse and sadle, 

Fairford Decanat. 
Fairford. Edmond James, Vicar, a pike, fur. 

Hampton Meysey. Sebastian Benfeild, Rector, a pike, fur. 
Letchlade. Hen. Gabbett, Vicar, a pike, fur. 

Hatherepe. Robert Weareing, Rect., a pike, fur. 
Down Ampney. Robert Alford, Vicar, a sword, dagger, and 
Sherebome. Allexander Ready, a corslett, furnished. 
Kempsford. Hen. Blackbome, Vicar, a corslett, furnished. 
Quenington. Tho. Skinner, Rector, a corslett and head 
Eastletch | Xoper Nocholson, Rector, a corslett and head 
Martin. ) peece. 

Miles Gloucester Pikes, 8 jp'cells, j ^ Seit."^^^^^'' ^^'' ^"^ 

Hawksbury Decanat. 
Hawksbury. Thomas Coup, Vicar, a Call', fur. 

Yate. Thomas Beineham, Rector, two musketts, fur. 

^Seton.* ) J^^^ ^^^^'' ^ ^'^^^ ^"""^^^ ^^'• 

Puckle Church. George Edwardes, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 
Alderley. Wm. Hiron, Rector, a Calliu% fur. 

Frene Acton. Robert Hoop, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 


Gloucestershire Clergy Military Assessment, 131 

Oldbury sup. mo'. Wm. Leigh, Rector, a Cair, fur. 
Marshfeild. John Meredith, Vicar, a Call', fur. 
Derham. John Hall, Rector, a Corslett, fumisht. 

Coldaston. John Tayler, Rector, a muskett, fur. 
Wickwar. Henry Bishop, Rector, a Call', fur. 

Bitton. Henry Evans, Vicar, a Call', fur. 

Chipping Sodbury. Marmaduke Chapman, a muskett, fur. 








Weston Birt. 



Even Powell, Rector, a pike, fur. 

Wm. Jones, Vicar, a Calliu', fur. 

John Hole, Rector, a muskett, fur. 

John Wilmot, Rector, a Call', fur. 

Robert Woodrose, Rect, a pike, fur. 

Andrew Thomas, Reef, a muskett, fur. 

Hugh Clun, Rector, a Calliu, fur. 

Xoper Leigh, Rector, a Call', fur. 

John Hem borne. Rector, a Call', flaske, tuch 

box, and head peece. 
Wm. Capel, Vicar, a sword, dagger, and belt. 

John Mustra, Vicar, a sword, dagger, and 
head peece. 
Horses, i \ /a sword, dagger. 

Miles Gloucester ^J^^ j p'cells. ^,^ ^^^^ p^^^^ 

Calliu', 12; \ 


Berkeley. Edw. Green, Vicar, a light horse, furnished. 

Mey. Jacobus Dalton, a Calle', fur. 

Rockhampton. Hugh Stoddard, Rector, a sword, dagger, 
belt, head peece. 
Bagpath. William Fry, Rector, a Calliu', fur. 

Frempton. John Sanak'e, Vicar, a Call', fur. 
Thombury. John Sprint, Vicar, a muskett, furnished. 
Oselworth. Wm. Pilesworth, Rector, a Call', fur. 

Horses i ( I Horses, 18 

Miles Ghucesier Muskett, i < the totall number of ) Pikes, 39 

Call', 4 ( ) Musketts, 25 

\ CalliV, 67 


Notes on the Parish Registers of Kempsford. 

THE earliest register is a narrow folio parchment, with sheets 
loose and unbound, and a few margins worn and defectivei 
but generally in good condition. The sheets appear to have been 
folded in sixes, and the first sheet of six leaves, or twelve pages, 
containing the records of almost 45 years, is missing. The entries 
begin at the top of the page, thus : — " Bapt. A.Do. 1573. Anna 
Fildman filia Johiies Fildman, bapt. decimo nono, die Aprilis." 
After this, the entries are in English, and the years are reckoned 
from March to March. The third entry reminds us of the 
classics in the rather unusual christfan name of " Virgill." The 
baptisms in this year are eighteen, of which two are marked 
" spuria." There is one marriage, but no burial. After this, the 
baptisms vary from six to nineteen in a year. The highest number 
of marriages was seven in 1594. The highest number of deaths 
in 1583, 1590, and 1591, when there were 10, 9 and 9 respectively. 
In 1574 and 1597, there were no deaths and no marriage. In 
1575 there were 6 baptisms only, all girls, one of whom was 
**spuria." The first death recorded, was Walter Wilks* in 1575. 
In 1 58 1 "John Chamberlayne, Gent., and Elizab. Thinne" were 
married. The commonest surnames are Cove, Peart, Richins, 
Adams, Costard. The christian names are chiefly William, 
Anne, Robert, Humphrey, Katherine, Joan, John. In 1598, a 
confusion of pages occurs, and many entries are repeated. In 
1599 begins " interred " instead of "was buried." A different 
handwriting comes in here. The previous entries have been 
copied by a scribe from the early paper register books, and the 
writing is neat, even, and of good style. After the interments 
for 1 60 1, at the bottom of the page, is signed, H. Blackbome, 
clerk, Rob. Gynner, Thos Hewer, John Beyton, Churchwardens. 
After the entries for 1603 : " From y* aforesaid year of our Lord, 
1602, untill y* year 1618, y' Register is defective." Same 
repeated on another page with "through negligence" added. 
On the next page, "Henry Blackbume, Vicar; Churchwardens, 
William Gynner and William Hewer." From 161 8 to 1639 the 
entries are well and consecutively kept. In 1637, " Epaphroditus 
Munden was bapt." In the years 1639 to 1642 inclusive, 

* The oldest legible tombstone in the charchyard in May, 1888, is ** Here 
lyeth the | body of Francis | Wilkes, who was | buried ye xxii | day of March I 
An. Dom. 1634." 

Parish Registers of Kempsford. 133 

confusion and omission is the feature observable in the register 
book; 1643 to 53 is regular and orderly; the following memo, 
will explain why : "Memorand: that Edward Hitchman, Minister 
and Batchellour of Law, was inducted into the vicaridge of 
Kemsford (by Mr. Christopher Nicholoson of Faireford) upon 
the 21** Day of March, Anno Dom. 1642." 

This vicar entered all the burials by themselves, and also the 
baptisms^ There are no marriages entered. No entries were 
made in this register from 1653 till the restoration of Charles II. 
in 1660, when the record goes on again as regularly as before. 
There is no note or memorandum either about the year 1 649 or 
1660. The burial of the vicar, Edward Hitchman, is noted 
23"*, Aug., 1672. A fresh hand begins the entries for 1673, and 
the succeeding years are not so neatly kept as those before. 
The loose leaves of this No. I. Register Book end with the 
burial of "Sir Henry Frederick Thjune, Kt. and Bart, (forfiture 
paid) March 17*^, 1679." The afl&davitsare noted for the years 
1678-79. The baronet not being buried in woollen, a fine of 
£^ had to be paid. Only one reference to the civil war occurs 
thus: John the Soldier was buried 27*** June, 1647." 

The government of Oliver Cromwell, having abolished the 
book of common prayer, took from all incumbents the right 
to keep the parish records. A layman was appointed by the 
parish to keep the registers. As this Cromwellian book was 
often destroyed, it is a matter for congratulation that the parish 
of Kempsford has preserved its register of this period. It is 
a small 4to parchment book, well-bound in parchment, having 
many leaves cut out in the middle, but matter of great interest 
in the end : — 

Page I. February the 16***, 1653. 

" Walter Couling, of Kempsford, being | chosen Register of 
the parish of Kempsford | aforesaid, and approved on according 
to the I Statute, was swome the day and yeare | above written, 
to keep a true register | and fairly enter in writing in this book, | 
all publications, marriages, births of | children, and burialls of 
all sorts of persons, | and the names of every of them, and | the 
days of the month, and yeare | of publications, marriages, births, 
and I burialls, and the parents', guardians', and | overseers' 
names, before me." John Gearing, 

Leonard Cowling, appointed registrar, 20 Jan., 1655. 
Then follow the births for 1653-54-55-56-57-58. 



Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

There is only one loose leaf of " publications " and marriages, 
of which the first is "Thomas Haynes and Mary Gillot were 
published 3 lordes days, beginning the 12*^ of March, 1653, ^^^ 
were married the 29"* of March, 1 654." The average of these 
"Publications" is three per year to 1657, when a gap occurs. 
Then follow what seems to be the clerk's memorandum of 
burials, baptisms, and marriages, from 1695 to 1700. The back 
of the book is filled with a list of the briefs sent into the parish. 
A page or two is wanting, but the list is perfect from 1694 to 
1744. They deal mostly with fires, and are appeals from 
Great Britain and the Continent. The amounts collected are 
various, from nothing to ;^2 : i : o; but 2/- to 2/6 is the 
commoner amount. "Buscof'fire, an appeal close to home, 
resulted in 00 : 00 : 00. So did many others. The amounts 
" in all " are returned to Cirencester by the churchwardens. 

The second register is a thick folio parchment volume from 
1686 to 1774: adorned with a most flourished title page — 
"Kempsford Register, began by Mr. Huntington, Anno Dom. 
1 686." The " christenings " come first, and are of the usual 
character. The "marriages" are singular, in respect of so many 
strangers and non-residents. They average about 3 per year. From 
1686 to 1700, out of the total of 22, there were 13 non residents. 
The first entry in the "burials" is John Scott, Vicar, 1686. 

" Sojourners" were buried, and suicides were interred without 
Christian burial in 1754, &c., and in "1750, Maiy Pert, dying 
excommunicate, was buried w**'out ye office of Xtian burial. May 
28." At the end of this Registrar are some interesting notes : as 
*' Persons of this Parish Excommunicated : Mary Orchard, July 
26th, 1743". Also "An account of the Vicars, since 1555," 
apparently began and written by Sam. Clark, A.M., Aug. 6, 1735, 
and continued by the succeeding vicars, until the present time. 
There are notes about population, thus : — 

People •• 

In the baptismal register for 1813-40 there are many interesting 
parish memoranda by the Rev. Thomas Huntingford, Vicar ; and 
a very complete account of the opening of the Church in 1858, 
after its restoration by the Rev. J. R. Woodford. 

Adin Williams. 

1732 I8IO 














The Deigbtons of Gloucester 

AS some reference to the Deightons occurs in the article on 
the Williams family, p. 112, ante, the following details 
may be of interest to the reader. 

John Deighton, of S* Nicholas, Gloucester, chirurgeon, sheriff 
of the city 1620 and 1624, had 3 sons: John born in 1605, who 
died in infancy ; another of the same name bom in 1 607, and 
Thomas; and five daughters: Jane,* Frances, Katherine,* 
Mary, and Damaris, so that the inscription in S* Nicholas 
church, copied by Bigland, is not quite accurate. A letter is 
extant in the Harleian MSS. which John Deighton wrote about 
1636 to the editors of Foxes'i4r/x and Monuments Xo correct dji 
error of Foxe's, respecting the martyrdom of Home at Newent. 
In it he says he knew Foxe who died in 1587. This letter has 
been published in Narratives of the Days of the Reformation, 
edited by NichoUs (Camden Society). 

In his will made 31 Jan., 1639, and proved 21 May, 1640, 
John Deighton leaves to his daughter Damaris and her heirs 
several houses in Westgate Street, some pieces of ground and 
leaseholds, and appoints her sole executrix. To Richard 
Deighton he leaves a pair of gloves, and appoints him one of 
the overseers of his will. Two of the witnesses are Nathaniel 
and Samuel Deighton. The parentage of John, Richard, 
Nathaniel, and Samuel Deighton is not known, and there is 
nothing in the will but the coincidence of an uncommon name 
to show that they were relatives. John Deighton's arms on his 
tombstone were, according to Bigland, Argent^ a lion passant 
between three crosses crosslet fitche6 gules, the same as those 
borne by Robert Dighton, of Sturton, Lincolnshire, illegitimate 
son of Christopher Dighton, fourth in descent in the Lincoln- 
shire pedigree of the family. 

Richard Deighton was also a chirargeon of St. Nicholas', 
Gloucester. He had a son Richard baptized in 1623, and two 
daughters. In 1636, he married secondly Elizabeth Whithorne, 
a widow with one son. By his will, dated 26 Dec, 1936, he 
bequeathed to his wife ;^20, and to his son Richard Deighton, 

* Jane married John Lugg, who came of a very numerous and influential 
dvic family in Gloucester. Katherine married Samuel Hagboume at 
St. Nicholas Church, 26 Dec., 1633. The three sisters, Jane, Frances, and 
Katharine, with their respective spouses, sailed for New England, 1636-7, 
where descendants of the two first named live at the present. 

136 Glotuesterskiie Notes and Queries. 

"a bed with th* appurtenance." His two daughters were to 
have all his "household stuffe," and after the settlement of an 
account between him, his wife, and her son, the residue of his 
estate was to be equally divided, " with his studdie of books " 
among his four children. His " servant mayd " Joyce was to 
have 20 shillings for attending him in his sickness, and his son 
Richard Deighton was appointed executor. The testator died 
in the following year. 

The second John Deighton, of Gloucester, was like his father, 
a medical man. He is called "Practitioner in Physic and 
Chirurgery" on his tombstone in St. Nicholas* Church, and in 
Dr. Munk's recently published Roll of the Royal College of 
Physicians, London, he is mentioned as practising in Bristol in 
1665. He married Mary, daughter of Edmond Arislye, of 
Brooking House, Chasilton, Oxfordshire. In his will, dated 
14 July, 1676, he leaves 10/- each to his son John, his " beloved 
aunt Mrs. Elizabeth Brown," and his "beloved kinswoman 
Katharine Walker," to buy memorial rings. His real property 
goes to his son, and his personal property to his wife, who is 
appointed sole executrix. 

Another member of this family, probably son to the forgoing, 
1642, July 7th, John, the sonne of Mr John Deighton (Baptisms), 
St. Nich. Parish Register, was John Deighton, minor canon and 
vicar of St. Mary de Lode in 1675. His wife was Anne, 
daughter of Francis Urutt, of Herefordshire, according to the 
inscription on their tomb in the cathedral, given by Bigland. 
He died in 1695, aged 53, and she in 1722, aged 78. They had 
a son John who died young, and a daughter Anne married to a 
gentleman named William Walter. To conclude this long list 
of John Deightons, there was another John Deighton, of 
Gloucester, who died on the 27 Jan., 1755, aged 61, and was 
buried at St. Mary de Crypt. Conway Dighton. 

St. Julia's, Cheltenham. 

South Ccraey Church,^The vicar of South Cemey has 
issued an appeal for ;^2oo to rebuild the spire of that church. 
We print below what Mr. Hadow says concerning it. 

This most interesting church consists of a nave with north 
and south aisles, a central tower, and chancel. The north and 
south doors, as well as the tower, are of the late Norman period. 


Notes about Lemington. 1*37 

The diancel and nave are of the 14*^ century. A spire of the 
same date was formerly on the tower, but was struck by lightning 
in 1857, and as the parishioners thought it endangered the 
safety of the church, they pulled it down, and all the stones are 
now lying on the north side of the churchyard. 

Atkyns and Rudder both speak of its being "a handsome 
spire," and it was a landmark to the whole country round. It 
seems therefore sad that so ornamental a feature should be 
missing for want of the ;^2oo which is the estimated cost of 
replacing it. 

The architect, J. P. St. Aubyn, Esq., has most generously 
volunteered his services free, and it is a great wish of the present 
incumbent, the Rev. W. E. Hadow, to see the work carried out; 
but as the church is otherwise in excellent repair, he cannot 
feel justified in appealing to the parish and outside friends on 
any than archeological grounds. 

Subscriptions may be sent to the vicar, or may be paid to 
the "South Cemey Spire Account" at the Capital and Counties 
Bank, Cirencester. 

« « 4^ « « 

Notes about Lemington. 

THIS rectory was appropriated to the Abbey of Tewkesbury. 
The date of the appropriation is not known ; but, as it was 
made prior to the passing of the Vicar's Endowment Act, 15 
Richard II., c. 6, there was no parliamentary authority for the 
endowment of a vicarage out of the rectory, and consequently 
none appears to have been ordained. 

Lemington is not rated in the King^s Books as a benefice, but 
is only stated to be part of the possessions of the Abbey of 
Tewkesbury, and worth in tithes,. &c., £1^, John Pedmer is 
stated to be the farmer or lessee of the rectory. 

In the Ministers* accounts of the abbey of Tewkesbury 
(No. I, infra\ 32 Henry VIII., it appears that Palmer had taken 
a lease of the rectory, 24 Henry VIII., for a term of thirty-six 
years, at a rent of £1^^ and with the obligation of finding a 
chaplain to perform divine service. 

On the termination of the conventual lease, the crown released 
the manor and rectory, 9 Elizabeth (No. II.), to William Palmer 
for forty years, at a rent of ;^i3 4s., and with the obligation to 
find a sufficient chaplain to perform divine service. But this 

VOL. V. M 

138 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

obligation to find a chaplain appears to have been restricted to 
the payment of his stipend, as the crown expressly reserved the 
advowson of the chapel. 

When this second lease expired, the crown granted the rectory 
to Sir Henry Fanshaw, John Osbom, and Francis Goston, in 
fee (No. III.), but on the express condition that they and their 
assigns should for ever pay the chaplain and ail expenses 
connected with the chapel. 

There is no evidence to show what sum was paid under either 
lease to the chaplain, except for the period between 1 563 and 
1603. During that time, as appears from a certificate of the 
Bishop of Gloucester in the Harleian Manuscripts (No. IV.), the 
curate's stipend was £1^ and the rectory was worth 100 marks. 

In 1707, the Bishop of Gloucester certified to the Govemers 
of Queen Anne's Bounty that the curate's stipend was £10^ 
though the date at which it was raised to that amount is not 
known. The payment still remains at ;^io. 

The rectory was granted on condition that the grantee would 
pay and support a chaplain. 

This chapelry was augmented by Queen Anne's Bounty in 
1737, which has made the chaplain a corporation sole under the 
I George I.« c. 10, sec. 4, so that the curacy is no longer merely a 
stipendiary one, nor the curate removable at the will of the 

All the tithes of the rectory have merged under the Tithe Act, 6 
and 7, William IV., c. 71, but by the 71st section of that act, any 
charge created on tithes before the passing of the statute remains 
in force. 

In the baptismal register are entered the following notes : — In 
181 5, the Right Honourable Lord Redesdale gave to Lemington 
Church a silver cup and a silver plate, for the administration of 
the Holy Sacrament, upon each of which is engraved " Lemington 
Church " ; Lady Redesdale at the same time gave a cloth and two 
Damask Napkins all marked ''Lemington Church" for the 
Communion Table. 

In 1 839, the Rt. Hon^^ Lord Redesdale son of the above, 
beautified the Chancel by the gift of Communion Rails. At the 
same time, a new Communion Table corresponding with the 
Rails was added by the Parish. In 1844, the Rev. Thomas 
Bowstead, Curate of Lemington, presented a Communion Cloth 
for the above Table. 

Toddcnham Rectory. AUGUSTIN WiLLIAMS. 


Notes aiout JLeming/on. 139 

Abstract No. L 
Exchequer: Ministers' Accounts. 32-3 Hen. VIII., No. 67. 

Manor of Lemyngton, with tithes of the Chapel there. 

Account of John Palmer, fanner of the King there for the 
time aforesaid. 

The answers account {infer alia J for the Farm of all fruits and 
every the tithes and all mortuaries arising from the tenants of 
the said late Abbey [Tewkesbury], and the inhabitants and occu- 
piers in Netherleminton, with all lands and tenements to the 
chapel there appertaining, and all and every the tithes, as well 
real as personal, within the lordship and manor aforesaid, so 
demised to John Palmer, Esq., by indenture dated 4 Jan., 24, 
Hen. VIII., for term of thirty-six years, rendering therefor 
annually £1 3 at the feasts of the annunciation of the Blessed 
Mary the Virgin, and St. Michael the Archangel equally. Also 
XT- for the pittance of the convent of the said late Monastery, at 
the feast of St. Michael the Archangel only. Also the repairs of 
the entire lordship or manor aforesaid and all houses and 
tenements within the same lordship or manor, &c. The said 
John Palmer was to find one sufficient chaplain for the celebration 
of divine service in the chapel of Lymington aforesaid, and to 
make all repairs of the chancel of the said chapel, and of the 
houses to the said chapel appertaining, during the said term, and 
also to pay and support all other charges, ordinary and extra- 
ordinary, to the said lordship belonging, and to the said chapel 
appertaining or belonging, and thereof to exonerate the said late 
Abbey and convent and their successors during the said term. 
And for sufficient security in all and every the conditions aforesaid, 
&c., the said John Palmer entered upon his obligation of ;^2o, 
as by his deed, and also by the said indenture is shown and fully 
contained, namely, as well as of /' 13 above received, as well as 
of 2s. for common fine, and 2j- for pittance to the convent. 

Abstract No. II. 

Patent Roll : g Eliz., part 3, m. 7. 

Grant by the Queen to William Palmer, Esq., of the manor of 
Netherlemington in co. Glouc. And all fruits and tithes, as 
well real as personal, within the manor. And all mortuaries 
arising from the tenants, inhabitants, or occupiers in Nether- 
lemington aforesaid. And all the lands and tenements to the 
chapel there appertaining. 

140 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

The Crown reserves all trees, &c., and the advowsons of 
churches and chapels within the limits of the manor. 

To have and to hold the same for term of forty years, paying 
yearly;^! 3 :4J. 

The said William Palmer is also to provide one good and 
sufficient chaplain or priest for the celebration of divine service 
in the chapel of Netherlemington, and all expenses connected 
with the same, also to pay and support all charges appertaining 
to the said chapel for the time aforesaid. The Crown exonerates 
him from the care of the chancel of the chapel and all houses 
to the same belonging. Liberty to cut timber to and for the 
use of the repairs of the chancel aforesaid. 

Westminster, March 24, by Writ of Privy Seal. 

Abstract No. III. 
Patent Roll : 6 James I., pt. 3. 

Grant by the King to his subjects, Henry Fanshawe, Knt., and 
John Osborne and Francis Goston, Esquires, of inter alia. 

And all and every those our tithes and fruits, as well real as 
personal, annually and from time to time increasing, growing, 
renewing or emerging within the lordship or manor of Nether- 
limington, alias Netherlemington, in our County of Gloucester. 
And all mortuaries arising from all the tenants, inhabitants, or 
occupiers in Netherlimington, alias Netherlemington, aforesaid, 
and all our lands and tenements to our chapel of Netherlimington, 
alias Netherlemington, in the same county of Gloucester, 
appertaining or belonging, now or late in the tenure or occupation 
of John Palmer or his assigns, by particular thereof, the annual 
rent or value amounted to 9/. : ts, : 8^., and formerly parcell of 
the possessions of the late monastery of Tewkesbury. 

And also and singular messuages, mills, houses, buildings, 
structures, bams, stables, dovehouses, orchards, gardens, lands, 
tenements, meadows, pastures, feedings, commons, demesne 
lands, glebe lands, ways, passages, lanes, wastes, diggings, heaths, 
moors, marshes, woods, underwoods, and trees, tithes of sheaves, 
blades of com, and hay, wool, linen, canvas, and lambs, and all 
other tithes whatsoever, as well great as small, also oblations, 
obventions, fruits, profits, waters, fishi ngs, sac and soc, military, 
warrens, mines, quarries, rents, reversions, and services, fee 
farms knight's fees, wards and marriages, escheats, reliefs, 
heriots, fines, amerci aments, courts leet, view of frankpledge, 
court and leet perquisites, and profits, and all to court leet and 


Notes about Lemingttm. 14^ 

View of frank pledge belonging, chattels, waifs, strays, natives, 
male and female, and villains with their sequels, estovers and 
common of estover, fairs, markets, tolls, customs, rights, juris- 
dictions, franchises, privileges,. profits, commodities, advantages, 
emoluments, and hereditaments whatsoever, with every their 
appurtenances, &c., which to the above-named premises in any 
manner appertain, &c. To hold of us our heirs and successors 
of our manor of East Greenwich, in co. Kent, by fealty only 
in free socage, and not in chief nor by knight's service. And 
rendering and paying annually to us our heirs and successors of 
and for the premises in Netherlimington aforesaid, with the 
appurtenances, 9/. ts. $d. 

And the aforesaid Henry Fanshawe, John Osborne, and 
Francis Goston, for them, their heirs, executors, and assigns, 
aj^ree with us, our heirs and successors, that they the said 
Henry Fanshawe their heirs and assigns, etc., will pay all charges, 
as well ordinary as extraordinary, of the chapel of Nether- 
limington aforesaid from time to time for ever; paying and 
supporting one sufficient chaplain or priest for the celebration 
of divine service in the chapel of Netherlemington aforesaid, 
and all just expences for the same ; and thereof they will acquit, 
exonerate, and save harmless us, and our heirs and successors for 

Westminster, August 10, by Writ of Privy Seal. 

Abstract No. IV. 
Harl. M.S., No. 594, fo. 225. (1563-1603). 

A traecertificate of a letter concerning the estate of ecclesiastical 
livings late sent from the Lord Archbishop of Canterbur>' his 
Grace, unto the Rev. Father the Lord Bishop of Gloucester as 
foUoweth, viz. : — 


Folio 246. — ^The Parsonage of Lemington is impropriate, and 
the L'* Henry Windsor is proprietary or farmer thereof, with 100 
marks a year. There ys a Vicerridge endowed, but not presented 

The Curate's Stipend is £s P^"* annum. 

Communicants, 60. 

No recusants of any sort. 


Gloucestershire Justices of the Peace* 

FROM the Collections by Henry Powle, which have already 
supplied the readers of "Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries " with much interesting information, I extract the list» of 
Justices, for the County of Gloucester, in the first years of the 
reigns of Richard III., Henry VII., Henry VIII., Mary, and in the 
2oth year of Charles IL The increase in their numbers as time 
flowed on is a fair index to the advance of the County population. 

Nomine Justiciar' Ad pacem in Comitatu 
Gloucestre anno j* Rich. 3^. [1483.] 
J. Eptis Wigomiensis, Humphr. Starkey, mil. 

Th. Epiis Hereford, 
Jo. Dux Norfolcie, 
Wills. Comes Arundell, 
Edw. Vicecomes Lisle, 
Rich. Abbas Cirencester, 
*q Rich. Beauchampe de 

Beanchampe, mil, 
Walt. Deuvreux de Ferrers, mil, 
Ric. Ratcliife, mil, 

Nomina Justiciar' Ad pacem Comix. 
Gloucestre ab^no j** Henr. f. [1485.] 

Tho. Tremayle, 

Wills: Catesby Armiger 

Corpor (sic), 
Jo. Twynho, 
Tho. Lymericke, 
Tho. Brigge, 
Tho. Whittington, 
Tho. Baynham, 
Egid. Brigge. 


Th. Archiepus Eborum, 
J. Eptis Wigom, 
Th* Epiis Hereford, 
Jasper dux Bedford, 
Wills. Comes Arundell, 
Wills. Com. Nottingham, 
Edward Grey Vicecomes Lisle, 
Ricus. Abbas Cirencistre, 
Johes Abbas Winchcomb, 
Ricus Beauchampe de 

q Thomas Tremayle, 
Johes Syntlowe mil, 
Tho. Cockesey mil. 
Will Tyler mil, 
Tho. Crofte, 
q Will. Weynell, 
q Tho. Morton, 
q Tho. Whittington, 
q Johes Walshe, 
q Tho. Baynham, 
q Will. Baynham. 

q Humphr. Starkey mil, 

Nomina Justiciar* Ad pacem in Comitatu 
Gloucestre anno j® H. 8. [1509.] 
W. Epus Lincoln, q Walter Rowdon, 

* Perhaps this q may signify quorum. 

GhtuesUrskire yustices of the Peace, 143 

Edward dux Buckingham, 
Tho. Com. Arundell, ; 
Johes Abbas Cirencestre, 
Robert Bmdenell, 
Wills Gwuyll, 
Gilbert Talbott mill, 
Tho. Inglefield mil, 
WiUs Vdale mil, 
Robert Poyns mil, 
Egidius Brigge mil, 
Alexander Baynham mil, 
Mauritius Berkeley mil, 
Petrus Newton, 
q WiUs Rudhall, 
Tho. Poyns, 

Nomina Justiciar' Ad 
Gloucbstrb anno j 
Edward Dux Somersett, 
q Wills Paulett dns St. John, 
John Russell mil dns Russell, 
Jo. Com Warwicke magnus 

Camerar Anglie, 
qTho. Seymour mil dns Seymour 
q Riciis Epiis Coventr and 

p Ro. Epus Assauensis,* 
q J. Epus Gloucestre, 
Walter dns Ferrars, 
Edw. dns Powye, 
q Rad. Sadler mil, 
Rob. Townsende mil, 
Edmund Menyn mil, 
Tho. Bromley mil, 
q Wills Portman mil, 
Ric, Devereux, 
q Antho. Kingston mil, 
q Edw. Came mil, 
q Jo. Bridges mil, 

Johes Whittington, 
q Tho. Godman, 
Edmumd Tame. 
Edmund Wykes, 
Will Dennys, 
Ricus Polie, 
Johes Butler, 
Wills Kingston, 
Chr. Baynham, 
q Jo. Brooke, 
Wills Tracy, 
q Wills Freme, 
q Roger Porter, 
q Robert Wye. 

pacbm in Comitatu 
i«ED.6J. [1547]- 

q Daniel Brooke Serviens 
ad legem, 

Ric. Morgan Serviensad legem, 

Hugo Cowen. 

q Geo. Throckmorton, 

q Ric. Hassell, 

q Arthur Porter, 

Nich. Arnold, 

Hu. Dennys, 

q Geo. Willoughby, 

q Ric. Jemiyn, 

q Jo. Palmer, 

q Ric. Colton,. 

q Tho. Throckmorton, 

Tho. Smith,. 

Jo. Trye,t 

Tho. Haraold, 

Wills Lyggen, 

Ric. Brayne, 

Antho. Boucher, 

Rad. Norwood, 

• Bishop of St. Asaph, Robert Warton, or Parfew, Abbot of Bermondsey, 
elected 8th June, 1536. Translated to Hereford, 1554. 

t Probably of the Leckhampton family now (1891) represented by 
Rey. R. £. Ttye, Rector of Leckhampton. 


Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

q Antho. Hungerford mil, 
Walt. Dennys mil, 
q Jo. Seyntlowe mil, 
q Jo. Packinton mil, 
Rad. Lyggen mil, 
Walt. Buckler mil, 
Manr. Dennys mil, 
Jo. Price mil,* 
Adam Mytton, 

Ed. Bridges, 
q Ric. Tracy, 
Egid. Pole, 
Hugo. Westwood, 
q Jo. Wameford, 
Tho. Baskeriield, 
Jo. Georges* 
q Ric. Pate. 

Nomina Justiciar' Ad pacem in Comit. 

Gloucestre ahno j* Mar. 

q Nicol. Wigom Eptts dns Pneses Concilij Sui infra Principalitat 

Suam Wall. 

Wills Co Wigom, 

Wills Com Pembroch, 

Walter Vice Com Hereford, 

Rob. Epros Assavensis* 

q Tho. Bromley mil, 

q Ric. Morgan mil, 

q David Brooke mil, 

q Rob. Townsend mil. 

Wills Portman mi], 

Jo. Whiddon Justiciar ad 

Georg. Herbert mil, 
Ricus. Maunsell mil, 
£dw. Came mil, 
Tho. Jones mil, 
Tho. Stradling mil, 
Andr. Corbett mil, 
Jo. Wogan mil, 
q Jo. Price mil, 
Adam Mitton mil, 
q Jo. Bridges mil, 
Antho. Kingston mil, 
q Rob. Morton mil, 
Egid. Poole mil, 
Edm. Bridges mil. 

Tho. Bill mil, 

q Jo. Pollard, 

q Ricas Hassell, 

q Jo. Welshe, 

q Griffin Leyson, legnm Dr, 

q Hugo Cown, legum Dr, 

q Jo. Scudamour, 

q Wills Symonds, 

q Reginald Corbett, 

q Ed. Plowden, 

Ric. Germyn, 

Chr. Baynam, 

Tho. Baskervyle, 

Wills Rede sen. 

Wills Rede iun, 

Ric. Pauncefoot, 

q Arthur Porter, 

q Wills Lyggen, 

Hugo Dennye, 

q Ricus Colton, 

Tho. Throckmorton, 

q Hugo Westwood, 

R. Brayne, 

q W. Bridgeman, 

Geo. Huntley. 

* Qaery if employed in surveying the monasteries doomed to destmction. 
Oh. about 1553. 

Glotuestershire yvstices of the Peace, 145 

Nomina Justiciar' Ad pacem in Com. Glouc. 
22 Caroli Secundj * 

q Orlando Bridgeman mil and Baron, Gustos sigillj.f 

John L"* Roberts, Gustos priuat sigille. 

q Geo. D. of Buckingham magister equor. 

q James D. of Ormond Seneschal hospitij. 

q Heniy Marquis of Worcester. 

q Robt. £. of Lynsey Magnus Gamerar Angl. 

q Edward E of Manchester Gamer hospitij. 

q Richard E of Garbery Prseses Wall. 

q Lyonell E of Middlesex. 

q James E. of Newborough + Wm Bp of Ghucesier. 

q Geo. L. Berkly. 

q Matthew Hale Gapital Baro Scaccar. 

q Tho. Twysden Justiciar Banci reg. 

q Will. Wyld Justiciar Banc. Gomm. 

q Will. Morton Justic. B.G. 

q Job. Gharlton Gapital Justiciar Gestr. 

q S' Francis Fane mil Bain. 

q S' Baynham Throckmorton mil and Bar. 

q S' Hen. Frederik Thynne.\ 

q S' Will Ducy. 

q S' Edw. Bathurst. 

q S' Jo. Newton. 

q S' Will. Juxon. + . . , 

q S' Ghr. Gyse. + . • . . , 

q S' Rich. Gox. 

q S' Rob. Atkyns mil Bain sbllicitat Regin. 

q S' Edmunde Bray. 

q S' Tho. Overbury. 

q S' Tho. Stevens. 

S' Gabr. Lowe. 

S' Tho. Howe+ Humphry Hooke. 

q Euan Seye Servient ad legem, 
q Will. Dutton. 
q Tho. Marriott, 
q Jo. George, 
q Edw. Rich. 

• "The names that are Croat were left out of Commission of the peacer 
Ang., 1670, and the names on the side [here printed in italicl were then 

t Lord Keeper, Aug. 31, 1667. 


Jokes Tracy. 



146 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, \ 

q Jo. Howe, 
q Tho. Master, 
q Laur. Bathurst. 
q Jo. Codryngton. 
q Rich. Atkyns. 
q Siluan Wood. + 
q Jo. Stevens. + 
q Jo. Smith. 
Will. Stratford, 
q Will. Selwyn. + 
q Fleetwood Dormer. 

Hen. Powle. + Thomas Smith* 

Tho. Estcourt. 
q Will. Morgan, 
q Rich. DowdswelL 
Rich. Daston. 
q Rich. Baugh. 
q Tho. Rich. 
Edw. Cooke, 
q Dun. Colchester. 

q Tho. Rawlyns. + • • , John Srmvning. 

q Phil. Sheppeard. + Henry Milhorm. 

H. Browne John Holmes, 

Mich. Rutter Henry Norwood, 

Jo. Gyse William Cooke. 

Jo. Meredyth. + 

Hen. Syme. + Henry Denny. 

The Browning Family.— The inquisition taken in the foartfa 
year of Charles I., after the death of John Browninge, late of 
Cowley, !>., Coaley, gent., states that he was seized, inter alia of 
four acres of meadow in a common meadow called Whitney, and 
in one meadow called Moremead, containing four acres in 
Cowley and Uley, late parcel of the manor or capital messuage 
called White Court, in Uley, that they were held of George, Lord 
Berkeley, as of the Castle of Berkeley, and suit of his Hundred 
Court of Berkeley from three weeks to three weeks, and are worth 
in all outgoings beyond reprizes three shillings and fourpence ; that 
John Browning, his son and heir, was aged 23 years at the time 


The Browning Family, 


of his father's death ; and Christian, his relict, is »till livings at 
Cowley. John Browning died at Cowley the 7th of August last. 

The following note, we believe, is taken from one of Smyth's 
unpublished manuscripts, but we have not been supplied with 
the exact reference. 

Thomas Browninge, ofE wley, sonne of Giles, holdeth of the castle 
of Berkeley, by knight service, one messuage with th'afpp^tenance 
and divers lands, meadow, and pasture, thereto belongmg, 
commonly called one quarter yard land, containing by estimation 
XX. acres, now in the tenure of the said Thomas, late parcel of 
the said manor of Ewley, and which the said Giles purchased of 
Sir Richard Berkeley aforesaid. 

Mere Stone at Dursley. 

WE give here a sketch taken 
in 1868 of an old boundary 
stone which marks the limits of the 
parish of Dursley from Cam, and is, 
we believe, still in existence. It is 
situated at the Sandpits, on the road 
from Dursley to Berkeley, at the 
corner of a narrow bridle path 
which leads up to Stinchcombe 
hill; It is remarkable that this 
stone in so exposed a situation 
should have remained thus perfect 
for so many years. 

We shall be glad to receive 
particulars of other ancient parish 
boundary stones in Gloucestershire. 


Gloucestershire Wills ( continued ). 

Henry Acton, of Longhope and Upton St., Leonards, gent., 
8 May, 1631. To be buried in the church of Longhope; names 
son William Acton, gent., gives to him, furniture in my house at 

148 Gloucestershire Notes afid Queries. 

Snedham, in the parish of Upton St. Leonards; daughter 
Elizabeth, wife of William Tyler; daughter Alice, wife of 
Thomas Nurse; daughter Avice, wife of John Woodward; 
Johanne, daughter of said John Woodward, my god-daughter ; 
grandchild Henry, son of William ; grandchild Henry Tyler ; 
grandchild Henry Nurse ; servant Anne Woodward ; residue to 
daughter Anne Woodward, sole executrix ; William Acton, • my 
Sonne and heire *, and John Woodward, * my sonne in law, * to 
be overseers ; Witnesses — ^Thomas Nurse, William Acton, John 
Woodward and Richard Hill, scripsit. 
Proved at Gloucester, ,..1631. 

John Castdly the elder, of Southam, in the parish of Bishops 
Cleve, Gloucestershire, yeoman, by will dated 17 May, 161 8, 
desires to be buried in the churchyard of Bishops Cleve ; to 
his four daughters, Ann, Abigail, Margaret and Elizabeth, if they 
marry with the consent of the executrix, £zo each ; to son John 
Castle, (sic) £zo ; to son Richard Castle, £%o when of age ; 
mentions his father-in-law, Thomas Pearse, of Budsaye ; residue 
to wife, Johane, who is to be sole executrix. 

Proved, 6 October, 1620, by Johane Castell, the relict. 

P.C.C, 9<7, Soane. 

John Castle, of Sowtham, (sic J co. Glo'ster, yeoman; will 
dated 10 June, 1672 ; leaves to brother Richard Castle, ;^20 and 
two acres of land at Sowtham ; to sister Sarah Castle, ;^20 ; 
residue to brother Robert Castle and sister Mary Castle, who are 
to be executors. 

Proved, 27 Nov, 1675, by the said executors. 

P.C.C, zog. Dyer. 

Richard CasUlU of Morton Henmarsh [Moreton in the Marsh], 
CO. Glo'ster, yeoman, leaves to his daughter Susanna all his goods, 
houses and lands ; if the said daughter shall die without issue, 
the property to pass to the overseers of the poor of the towns 
of Morton Henmarsh and Cowhonyboume, co. Glo'ster, in trust 
to pay to William Castell and Richard Castell, sons of 
testator's brother, Benjamin Castell, ;^2o each when of age, 
and ;^2o to Job Greening, of Bourton on the Hill, mercer, to 
be equally divided amongst his children ; the income from the 
residue of the property to be used by the said overseers, in 
apprenticing poor childipn.2/3*^ to town of Morton and 1/3** to 


Gloucestershire Wills. 149 

Cowhonybourae ; daughter Susanna, to be sole executrix ; will 
dated 14 May, 1687. 

Proved, 20 Sep. 1687, by the said daughter Susanna Castell. 

P.C.C., Z13, Foot, 

Edward Barnard, of Flaxley, gentleman ; will 25 March, 1570. 
To daughters Anne and Wynyfride Barnard, my lease of Flaxley, 
all oxen, shepe, &c. ; to my cousin Anthony Kingston, all such 
lands, lordshippes, woodes, royalties, right and interest, which I 
had of my brother Edmund Kingstone and my sister Anne 
Kingstone, they discharging my executors and assigns of all such 
summes of money as I am bound to pay to each of his brothers 
and sisters and to his father, and one annuity I am bound to pay 
to my brother Nycholas ; my brother Jerome Bemarde to have 
immediately on my death, the assignment of the bailywicke of 
the King's Barton and Dudston, which I had of John Wymarde, 
which bailjrwick, I have sold to him ; sister Kingston to have 
the bringing up of my two daughters ; I acknowledge that my 
brother Jerome Bemarde, at the hour of making hereof, oweth 
me nothing, but that he hath fully satisfied and contented me ; 
to cousin Marie Buston, at the birthe of her next childe, two 
oxen, forty shepe, and threescore lambs, or else ;^2o in money ; 
to brother Nicholas Barnard, ;^20 ; cousin Anthony Kmgston, 
my brother Jerome, my brother Nicolas, Mr. Grelis (?) Payne 
and Thomas LlewUn, to open all my coffers and other chambers ; 
to Mrs. Payne and Llewlln, 20J. a pece ; to Thomas Bassett, for 
his true service, ;^20, and I further discharge him of all accompts 
and reckonnynges between us ; all other goods not bequeathed, 
my debts and funeral expenses being paid, I give and bequeath 
to my cousin Anthony Kingstone, and my brother Nicholas, 
whom I make executors. ; to Harry and Anthony Elingstone, 
during their lyves, to each of them 40J. by yeare ; witnesses — 
John Hampton, William Asfowle, William Boucher, Jerome 
Barnard, Anthony Kingston, Stephane Barston, Nicholas Barnard, 
and Thomas Bassette. . 

Proved at Gloucester, 13 April, 1570. 

George Barron, of Frocester, will, 28 Aug., 1706. I, George 
Barron, of Frocester, gent. ; to grand-daughter Ann Astill, wife 
of Abraham Astill, of Little Deane, gent., the messuage I now 
dwell in, and lands in Frocester, for the term of one year and six 
months after my decease ; to grand-daughter Elizabeth Haven, 

150 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

wife of William Haven, the said messuage and land, at the 
expiration of the said one year and six months, if she be alive ; 
to grand-daughter Mary, wife of John King, a tenement and 
lands in Frocester, called Shepton's, now in the tenure of Daniel 
Rennet ; grand-daughter Margaret, wife of John Smith ; to 
grand-son William Barrow, land called Maries; grand-son 
Nicholas Barrow, Ann Astill, residuary, legatee and sole 
executrix. Witnesses — John Well, Richard Haven, and John 

Proved at Gloucester, 19 July, 1708. 

George Barron, of Little Deane, will, i August, 1707. 
Names— brother Nicholas Barron, of Frocester, yeoman; to 
William Haven, John Smith, and Thomas Vaughan, of English 
Bicknor, yeoman, the messuage called Crowles or Cowles, upon 
trust; wife Ann Barron; eldest son Hubert Barron; second 
son George Barron, £\l^ at 22 ; daughter Ann Barron, ;^ioo at 
22 ; daughter Mary Barron, ;^ioo at 22 ; daughter Hester Barron, 
;^ 1 00 at 22. Witnesses — James Graie, Phillip Penn, and Is. Trigg. 

Proved at Gloucester, 11 July, 1708. 

Thomas Baynham, clarke, parson of Yate, will, 25 August, 
1622 ; I, Thomas Baynham, of Yate, to be buried in the chancel 
of Yate church ; names — son Henry, son Edward, son Robert, 
of Bristol ; to the poor of Yate, los, ; to servant Katherine, zos. ; 
to grand-child John Baynham, book, &c. ; residue to son Addam 
Baynham. Witnesses — Thomas Hughes, Elnor Neale and 
Katherine Whitte. 

Proved at Gloucester, December, 1622. 

John BerroWy of Baddam*s Field, in the parish of Newland, 
gent. ; to eldest son John Berrow, the messuage, tenement, lands, 
&c., situated in Breime, in the parish of Newland, and also one 
tenement in Aylberton, in co. Gloucester ; to second son James 
Berrow, two tenements in Rockhampton, now in the tenure of 
William Lucke, which I purchased of Edward and John Madocke; 
to third son Richard Berrow, one tenement or tanhouse in 
Alvington in the tenure of Richard Allen, tanner; to eldest 
daughter Martha, a tenement called the Swan, in Blakney, in the 
possession of William Browne ; to daughter Mary, messuage, 
gardens, &c., which I have in Blakney, not already disposed of, 
adjoining to the house and backside of John Bucke, sometime 
in the possession of Jane Hodges, on the one side, and the 


Gloucestershire Wills. 151 

messuage and backside of. William White, weaver, on the other 
side ; to youngest daughter Susan Allvey, the messuage, &c., in 
HuelsflSeld ; to daughters Martha and Mary, the messuage, &c., 
called Baddam's field, now in my own occupation, which I bought 
of Mr. Kedgwin, for four score and nineteen years, if I myself 
and James Gough, or either of us shall so long live ; should the 
said lease determine before the said term expires, then my said 
daughters to have the messuage tenement in Newnham, otherwise 
the tenement in Newnham, to go to son John ; residue to wife and 
children ; Mary my wife, and John Berrowe, of Awre, esquire, 
and George Kenn, of Field Court, to be executors. Witnesses — 
Henry Gaynsforde, William Tregnewe, and John Butler; will 
dated, 4 November, 16. • 

Proved at Gloucester, 21 November, 1645. 

Sir Georgt Beynhatfiy of Clorewall, Knt. Dated 9 June, 1546. 
*' I, George Beynam, of Clorwell, in the County of Gloucester, 
Knight, &c." "My bodie to be buried in p'ishe church of 
Nulonde." To the Cathedral Church of the Trinity at 
Gloucester, 4*. **A11 my lands and tenements in Gloucester, 
Hereford, Wilts, Monmouth, or elsewhere, to be divided into 
three parts : the first part to the use of Christopher, my sonne 
and heir apparent, whom I recognysshe to be the King's 
highness warde yf he be within age at the tyme of deathe.'* 
" The second part to my well beloved wife, Cecely," for her life, 
and after her death to son Christopher and his heirs, viz* : — the 
Manors of Habynhall (Abenhall), Michell Deane, Lytill Deane, 
Netherley, and Hathways in Ruardeane, with their appurt's in 
the County of Gloucester, " the manor of Bykyrton, Putley, and 
King's Capull, in the countie of Hereford, and all lands, &c., 
lyinge in the towne of Chepstow and Hardwick, in the countie 
of Monmouth." The third part to said wife, ** my well beloved 
father-in-lawe Sir John Gage, Knight, Anthony Welch and 
Walter Apbt (?), esquires, my brethren-in-lawe," and William 
Wyrall, of Bycknor, gent., in trust, out of the rents to reserve 
;^iooo, viz. : — "the manor of Hathaways, lying within the p'ishe 
of Sant Breuells, with all my lands and tenements in Stowe, the 
manor Harthille, in p'ishe of Huellisfielde, in the County of 
Gloucester, the lordshippe of Astin Ingen, in the Countie of 
Hereforde ; also two parts of the manor of Wroughton, in the 
Countie of Wiltes," to pay the said ;^iooo to "my daughters 
Joane, Dorothy, Mary, Anne, Phillip, and Allice," viz. : — £too to 

152 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

each on marriage, if with consent of mother and trustees. Wife 
to have use of my indenture lands, Caldowe (? Callowe), and a 
pasture called the Ruddings, until said son Christopher is 22. 

William Webb, of Wroughton, to have one year's rent of the 
parsonage of Wesbury, also the com there growing, he being 
owed by me four score pounds ; after the expiration of the year, 
the profits to be set aside for the use of the child my wife goeth 
with. If she has no child, or it die, then the monies to be 
divided between the younger sons, and at the expiration of the 
nine years, the said parsonage to son and heire. Wife and son 
and heire to have the profits for ten years of the ffishinge which 
I have in farme of the Kinges Majestie in Monmouth water,'' 
to revert at the end of ten years to son and heir, wife to provide 
during that time, the younger sons with meat, drink, &c., each 
of them then to receive £61 13:4 a year out of my manor of 
Wrongton, payable quarterly. To son Christopher, chain of 
gold of 14 oz., and certain apparel named ; the residue of cloths 
amongst the younger sons. Residue of goods to wife and son 
and heir. To son Christopher, " my Pavilion and tent, with all 
my Fvey Cottes and other hames, with other hames, and 
necessaries belonging to the Warres." To son Christopher, a 
colte of dune color and three mares, one grey, and the other 
two in Tewkesbury Park. To son Richard, a grey colte. To 
son John, a colte. To niece Joane Welch, ;^40, being her 
grandmother's bequest for her to have at marriage. To servant 
Edward Hall, the parsonage bam of Newlands, for the term of 
six years, except the tithe, he to pay the King's priest's wages. 
To servant Henry Houghton, 13s. 4d. To servant Richard 
Dyxson, 2 heifers. To each other servant 6s. 8d., including 
butler and cook. To bailiff Symons, a discharge of the rent 
for three years of the house of the lordship of Aston. To my 
kynsman and servant Phillipe Beynam, a white gelding, which 
was late my ladie my mother's. To five women servants each 
6s. 8d. The £'] due from Phillip Hardman, for the grove called 
Bromc Hill is bequeathed to Joane Farnold, and also to her the 
proceeds of the wood in Aston called Aston Wood, which is 
adjoining Newents Wood. Wife and overseers to sell the grove 
in the manor of Pliddislowe [Blidislow], called Pyrchin grove, 
the money to be paid to Roger Heynes in recompense of his 
money. The inventory of plate recites — ^two basins with 
ewers of silver, three great silver pots, two small silver pots, 
two great gilt salts, one with cover, two small ones, two pair of 


Gloucestershire Wills. 153 

silver salts, parcel-gilt, two great gilt bowls, two gilt standing 
cups with covers, four gilt goblets, two flat silver pieces, two 
gilt ale cups and covers, one dozen gilt spoons, one dozen and 
a half white spoons, two silver candlesticks. ** Alsoe here doth 
infolowe of such plate and other ornaments as are of the 
Chappell s'vice of Clorewell," Imprimis two silver candlesticks, 
a cross of silver, a paxe of silver and gilt, two cruetts, two 
chalyses, two peyre of vestments, one of crymson velvet, three 
other pa}T of vestments. All which plate abovenamed, and 
ornaments of the Chappell, for the meyntenance jof s*vice of 
God there, I will devise and give to my son and heir, reserving 
to wife Cecily the use of part of the said plate to the value of 
100 marks sterling for the term of her natural life. Debts 
oweing by Sir George Beynam. To my son Henry Jernyngham, 
esquire, £111 \ John Bryddeman, of Michael Deane, / 20 ; 
Henry Brayne, of London, £26 ; Edward James, £io ; Margaret 
Bayley, for rent of seven acres, £\ \ ^: o\ nephew Francis 
Welch owes six score pounds for his wardship; to my well- 
beloved father-in-law Sir John Gage, Knight, a Cassall of 
goshawk ; the same to cousin Thomas Abridges ; to brother-in- 
law Anthony Welch, a hand gun; to brother Walter Apbt, a 
little cross-bow; the same to brother-in-law Thomas Myll. 
* Residue to wife Cecely, who with Sir John Gage and Thomas 
Abriges are executors. Overseers — Anthony Welch, Walter 
Apbt, and William Wyrall. William Wyrall to have a fair young 
breeding mare. Witnesses — ^Thomas Mille, Roger Ford, William 
Wyrall, and John Williams, vicar of Trinity, Gloucester, also 
eleven witnesses to the fishing of Monmouth, and all the residue 
of the will. P.CC, Populwell, zg. 

Proved, 4 Dec, 1548. 

William Pumell, of Dursley, clothier, 1 Jan., 1649; to be 
buried in the chancel of Dursley Church ; my wife Jane ; brother 
Thomas Pumell; children, John, my eldest son and his wife, 
Thomas, Edward, Robert, Anne, and William ; seven acres of 
wood, and wood ground in Uley, which I purchased of George 
Marten, to son Thomas ; also lands in North Nibley, which I 
purchased of my brother Thomas Pumell and William Hopton, 
and the house by me lately built upon part of the said land, 
also lands bought of Nathaniel Dyrryott, Martha his wife, 
and Nathaniel their son, also mention of Thomas their son ; to son 
Thomas, messuage at Tilsdovoie, Cam, which I lately purchased 

VOL. V. N 

1 54 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

of Henry Trotman, gentleman, and Anne his wife, and John 
Trotman their son. clerk, heir apparent of the said Henry, by 
deed of feofment, dated 27 April, 1648; also to son Robert, 
two meadows in Slimbridge, called Sparkmead and Fillymore, 
which I have purchased of my said brother Thomas Pumell and 
William Hopton ; also 4 acres of arable land lying at Norman's 
Hill, Cam, which I hold by lease of Robert Webbe ; also I give 
him 1 1 acres of land, in the west field, which I lately bought of 
William Fillimoore, for all the years I have therein to come, also 
8 acres in the Westfield, which I bought of John Tillardan ; to 
son Edward, a meadow in Halmerfield, Cowley; to daughter 
Anne Pumell, ;^4oo ; she is to marry Joseph Prickman ; to my 
eldest son John Pumell, a ring, etc. ; Edward Morse and Mary 
my grand children, my wyne licence to go to my wife in 
lieu of jointure. Overseers — Mr. William Orchard, of Nibley, 
brother Thomas Pumell, and son John ; to Archard, 3 yards of 
my best cloth ; to my brother, 6 yards of the same ; mention 
made of the Wyron well. Witnesses — William Purnell, John 
Pumell, and William Purnell, and William Stevens Scrivener. 

Proved, 16 May, 1650. P,C.C.t Pembroke, 18. 

John Tqyer, of Thombnry, gent. Freehold lands in Thombury, 
to Henry Weare, of Bristol, gent., and W" Raymond, of 
Thombury, gent., in trust for my mother arid brother Edward, 
and sisters Sarah, Elizabeth, and Esther ; my brother Thomas 
Tayer; friends. Miles Phillipson, esq.. Sir Thomas Nevill, bart., 
and John Dimmery. Witnesses — Nic. Veele, Andrew Whitfield; 
Catherine Tyler, and John Dimery. 

Proved, 26 Nov., 1703. P.CC, Begge, 202. 

William Winlle, of Ardens, Westbury, gent., 6 Sept. ; 1638, to 
be buried in the parish church of Westbury ; George Wintle, my 
son and heir, and William Wintle, his son and heir ; William 
Wintle, son of Samuel Wintle and Sarah his wife; William 
Bellamey, son of William and Elizabeth Bellamey; William 
Bellamy, son of Joseph and Mary Bellamy ; . to the three 
children of Nicholas and Dorothy Nelme ; my four daughters, 
Mary Bellamy, Elizabeth Bellamy, Dorothy Nelme, and Sarah 
Wintle before named ; Sylvester and Mary, daughters of my son 
William Wintle ; residuary legatee and executors, Mary my wife, 
and Joseph my son. Witnesses — William Wintle, Thomas 
Watts, and Ellinor Mabson. P.CC, Campbell, 11, 


Gloucestershire Wills. 155 

Robert Wtlloughbv, of Maismore, gent., Master of Arts, and 
Practiconer of Phisicke, 11 March, 1638. To my daughter 
Ellinor Banister, 20/-; to daughters Rodagon and Katharine 
Willoughby, 40/-; to the poor of Maismore, where I have a 
copyhold, 10/-; residue to Margaret my wife, whom I appoint 
my executrix. Witnesses — Thomas Hayes, Henry Wooddeson. 

Proved, 15 Feb., 1641, by the relict. P.CC, Campbellj 10. 

Edward Basseii^ of Uley, gentleman, 20 Jan., 1 659. Overseers — 
my honoured cousin Jeffery Daniel, Esq., and honoured friend 
Abraham Knightscot, sic. Esq. ; to my son, if he be not married to 
one Dina Shipton, all my lands and houses that I have, and if 
it shall happen that he is married, or is ever married to her, 
then it shall not be lawful for him to challenge any of my land 
leases or houses ; but I freely give him my house and tenement 
called Muttrell, now in the hand of John Cooper, tenant ; if he 
shall not be married to her, then he is to have all my lands, but 
if otherwise, my daughter Frances Bassett to have all my lands 
she is have a portion of ;^5oo. 

Proved by William Bassett, executor according to the tenor, 
the last day of Feb., 1662. P.C.C.Juxon, 14. 

Elizabeth Bassett ^ of Uley, widow, 8 April, 17 10. To be 
decently buried; "I hereby order [my executors] to put a 
large marble tombstone on my late husband and myself, in our 
chapel, in the church of Uley aforesaid, such a one as there 
now lies on the late sepu' of Robert Bassett, gent., deceased " ; 
to my grand daughter Elizabeth Westcombe, i 40, to be added 
to the £%i left in my hands by my late husband's will, and to 
be paid her at the age of 21, or marriage, with remainder to her 
three brothers now living, with remainder to any other children 
of my daughter Joanne Westcombe ; to my grandson Edward 
Bassett Westcombe, £i, in addition to the £1 left him by my 
husband, to bind him apprentice; to my daughter Mary 
Bassett, /80; to my daughter Joanne, wife of Mr. John 
Westcombe, £\o\ to my daughter Dionisia, £\o\ to George 
Dansey, son of Morris Dansey, £% ; to the two eldest of my 
daughter Jackson's children, £1 apiece; to my daughter 
Dionisia, a broad pin of gold ; John Olanvill, esq., Mr. Robert 
Kellowe, and Mrs. Eyres ; to John Adye, Morris Dansey, Joseph 
Hill, and James Lord, a guinea each; to my son William 
Bassett, gent., my great silver tankard, that on which is engraved 

156 Ghucesterskite Notes and Queries. 

the Bassett arms, and the furnaces in the kitchin, in our house 
in Uley, and all the timber and stone about the house, and the 
furniture about the bed in the chamber I now lye in, etc. ; to 
my daughter Mary, my wooden bowl, etc. ; my daughter Joanna 
Westcombe, my silver pottenger; my daughter Mary, all my 
small pieces or utensils of brass ; tables in the parlour to son 
William, to remain as standards in the house ; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Saunders; residuary legatees and executors, son Williadi and 
daughter Mary; my kinsman Gyles Estcourt, of Nimpsfleld, 
gent., and John Jackson, clerk, now minister of Uley, to be 
overseers. Witnesses — ^John Clarke, Jane Hill, and Elizabeth 
Proved by both executors, 7 Aug., 1710. 

P.C.C, Smith, tys' 

Cam Independent ChapeL — On the first page of the 
registers at the independent chapel at Upper Cam are entered 
the following resolutions, which will be of interest as illustrating 
the management of a dissenting congregation in the early years 
of the last century : 

AT the Meeting House in Cam Nov^' 8*** 1704 
The following Resolutions were there agreed to by such of 
y* chief Members of y* Congregation as were then present. 
It is agreed 
i"* That there shall be made at y* doors of our assembly four 
quarterly Collections in a Vear for pious and charitable uses. 

2 That the Money which has been and shall be so collected 
shal be deposited in the hands of Daniel Fowler. 

3 That Joseph Twemlow, John Phillimore, senior, Richard 
Hickes, William Hickes, Thomas Small, Michael Bayley, Daniel 
Fowler, Daniel Phillimore, John Phillimore, Junior, Sam" Oliver, 
Thomas Pope, John Pope, John Baker, & George Minett shal 
have an equal & jo3mt right to dispose of this Charity money. 

4 That no particular person shall dispose of any of this money, 
but when any Case is offer'd notice shal be given on y* Lord's 
day before, for such as are concerned to meet, & a majority of 
them y* appear at y* time shal have a right to determine y* Case 
either not to give any thing to it, or to fix y* sum to be given. 

5 That the several sums so agreed to be given, shal be disburst 
by Daniel Fowler out of y* money y* is in his hands to y* Persons 
&. for y* uses agreed upon. 

Cam IndepencUnt ChapeL 157 

6 That a distinct Acc^ be kept in this Book of the particular 
sums put into Daniel Fowler's hands, of every Collection, & of 
y* several sums paid out by him pursuant to y* fore specifyed 

Decern**' 13*** 1704 

It is agreed 

I** That two shillings & six pence by Quarter shal be paid to 
Eliz. Purchase for cleaning y' Meeting house, the first payment 
to commence at Christmas next 

2 That one shilling and two pence shall be the stated sum to 
be given to every Brief and if it be thought necessary to allow 
more, notice shall be given on the Lord's day for the members 
to meet that they may determine what shal be given. 

3 That the Money collected at every sacram^ shall be deposited 
in the hands of J : Phillimore ; that the next Lecture day after 
y* Sacram^ y* Members shall meet to determine what poor 
Members of y* Congregation shal share in that Charity & what 
shall be given to each of them & that a distinct Account of this 
matter shal be kept in this Book. 

In another part of the volume we find : 

Memorandum there is always allowed to the Woman that 
fetches the Elements, threepence for Bread, and sixpence for 
her Trouble in making the £lem^ ready by cutting the bread, 
and for washing the Table-Cloth. 


A Gloucestershire Superstition. — An old Peninsular 
veteran who lived at Uley, and had lost his leg while on service, 
and was present at Corunna, told me when he was a little 
over 90, that he could just recollect a skeleton being found 
in a ditch near his home. It was believed to be that of a 
Scotch pedlar who had been lost sight of, and probably murdered 
some time before, and he added " It was taken up to the church, 
and laid in the porch three Sundays." "Why," I asked. 
" Because," he ssdd, " if the man as murdered him came by, it 
would bleed. A. M. B. 

"The Oliver Family. 

^Reply to No, ig64, VoL iv., p. 672], 

I. John Oliver, of Bristol, ironmonger, owned lands in 

Bedminster. Will proved P.C.C. in 17 13. By Hannah, 

his wife, he had issue : — 
i. Thomas Oliver, of Bristol, cheesemonger. Will proved 

P.C.C. 1739, married Margaret, and had issue a daughter, 

Dorothy, wife of John Watts, 
ii. Janus Oliver. 
iii. Joseph Oliver, living 1750, married Dioness, daughter 

of Thomas Warren, and had issue — 

1 . John Oliver, married Mary, daughter of 

2. Joseph Oliver, of Christ Church, Oxford, matricu- 

lated 20 April, 1761, «t. 19, B.A. 1765, died 
at Bristol, 30 Sep., 1765. Will dated 26 July, 


3. Thomas Oliver, a linendraper. 

4. 5, 6. Dioness, Hannah, wife of Thomas Young, 

and Mary. 
iv. William Oliver, died 1746, act. 52, M.I. Will proved 
P.C.C. 1746. Owned lands at Bisport in Bedminster, and 
by Sarah, his wife, daughter of Bridget Jones, who died 
1741, act. 45, had issue; — 

I. Sarah, married Ferdinand Pennington, she died 
25 Feb., 1790, act. 67, M.I. 
V. John Oliver, died a bachelor. Will proved 28 June, 

1 75 1 [185 Busby], 
vi. Edward Oliver, of whom below, II. 
vii. Elizabeth, married Job Charlton. 

II. Edward Oliver, of Bristol, ironmonger, owned lands at 

Musbury, Devon. Will dated 8 Dec, 1744; proved 
2 June, 1746 [187 Edmunds]. Married Jane, daughter 
of Thomas Hungerford, of Yatton, co, Somerset. Her 
will proved 1772, P.C.C, [375 Tavemer,] and had issue : — 

i. Hungerford Olivet, his successor, of whom below. III. 

ii. Jane, married John Powell. 

iii. Ann, 

iv. Katherine, married Henry Morgan. 


The Oliver Family. 159 

III. HuNGERFORD OLIVER, of Old Swinford Grange, co. 

Worcester, aet. 21 on 12 Feb., 1761 ; died 22 Sep., 1807 ; 

married Prudence, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas 

Milward, of Wollescote Manor, and of the Inner Temple, 

and had issue, besides four other daughters who died 

unmarried : — 
i. Edward Milward Oliver^ his successor, of whom below, 
ii. Thomas Milward Oliver, of Burslem, surgeon, 
iii. Jane, married Henry Burbach, of co. Leicester, 
iv. Prudence, married Rev. Matthew Booker, Vicar of 

Hitchen, co. Bucks. He died 20 May, 1817, at Lye, 

near Stourbridge. 

IV. Edward Milward Oliver, of Wollescote, m. at St. 

George's, Hanover Square, 30 March, 1787, Ann, daughter 

of Joseph Harper, of Calthorpe, co. Leicester. She died 

at the Heath, Stourbridge, 2 Nov., 1843, ast. 82. They 

had issue : — 
i. Edward Milward Oliver, of Wollescote House, and later 

of the Brake, Hagley, in 1874. 
ii. Thomas Milward, Capt. 58"* RegS bachelor, died 

before 1874. 
iii. Maria Anne, married, 1 823, William Davis, of Grimsend, 

CO. Worcester. 

A portion of the above pedigree is from the Herald and 
Genealogist, p. 516, vol. VIII. Engraved on a silver snuff-box 
was "Thomas Oliver, 1695, and the Arms: Ermine, on a chief 
Sa., 3 lions rampant Arg. ; Crest, a demi-Hon rampant Gu. ; 
Motto," Dieu est mon appin." 

On a mural tablet in the tower of St. Paul's, Bristol, is the 
following inscription : — 

" Sacred to the memory of | THOMAS OLIVER, Esq., | 
the last Governor of the States of Massachusetts, | North 
America. | On the independence of that country, | he relinquished 
considerable estates | from attachment to his Sovereign, | and 
died in this City, | the 29*** of November, 1815, | aged 83 years. | 
Also HARRIETT, his wife, | who died the 16**' of July, i8o8. | 
aged 50 years." 

Above, on a shield, are his arms — Ermine, on a chief Sable, 
3 lions rampant Argent. Governor Oliver, bom at Antigua, 
5 Jan., 1733-4, was i'* son of Robert Oliver of that island, who 
emigrated to Dorchester, Mass., where he died in 176a.. This 

i6o Gloucestershire N'otes and Queries. 

Robert Oliver was son of Col. Richard Oliver, Speaker of 
Antigiia, in 1704, later of H.M. Council, who died in 1716, 
leaving large plantations in Antigua and Virginia. His brother, 
Robert Oliver, died 1705; his sister, Joan, married in 1702, 
Cap* James Porter, surveyor-general of Antigua. Another sister, 
Mary, was wife of Mr. Cheshire. Others of the family were 
William Oliver and Margery, his wife, parties to a deed of sale 
1689 (he was also granted 100 acres in 1679), and Thomas Oliver, 
party to a deed of 1673. 

I have reason to think that this family emigrated from Bristol, 
and shall be thankful for any information on the subject. 

Richard Oliver, of Bristol, merchant, in his will dated 1676, 
gives 300/. to his wife Susannah, and 800/. each to his only son, 
Richard, at 21, and to his daughter, Susanna, at 19, and names 
Richard and Edith, children of his brother, Thomas Oliver, of 
Lee, CO. Wilts, and Edward, Richard, Robert, Mary, Elizabeth, 
and Johanna, the children of his brother, Edward Oliver, of 
Bristol. He particularly requests that the Court of Orphans, of 
Bristol, shall have no cognizance of his will. [P.C.C, 185 
North]. Recorded also at Bristol. 

1628. March 25. James Oliver, of Bristoll, merchant, servant 
to the Hon"' Company of the English now trading to the East 
India, and cheefe of the English in the factory of Mocho. The 
President of Surratt to let out my goods for my wife and 4 
children, and to give security, otherwise, all sums to remain in 
the hands of the fathers of the Orphans of the City of Bristol. 
Letters of administration to Frances, the relict of testator, who 
died in the parts beyond the seas, 6 August, 1629. Endorsed 
St. Stevens. Recorded at Bristol. 

I shall be glad of any additions or corrections to these notes. 

Siumier Grange, Sanninghil]* V. L. OLIVER. 

Grumbalcrs Ash hundred— [Vol. IV., No. 1964!. In reply 
to R. S. T. as to the derivation of the name of this hundred, it 
seems probable that it originated from the hundred court 
having been held near some noted ash tree called after one 
Grimbald or Grumbald. A prominent tree was often a land- 
mark in early time, just as the Tortworth chestnut is at the 
present day. In Domesday Book the hundred was known as 


GrumbalcTs Ash hundred. i6l 

Grimboldestowe, but a couple of centuries later the hundred 
rolls supply us with the form Grimbaldesesse. Possibly, the 
earliest name is merely Grimbald's hoe, or Grimbald's stowe. 

It would be interesting to learn if there be any local tradition 
as to the exact locality in which the court of this hundred was 
held. Grimbald may yet survive in the name of some obscure 
farm or field. Hundreds and wapentakes were often, but by no 
means invariably so, named after the principal place in the 
district where of course the court was usually held. In other 
cases it was held as probably in this instance, at some spot, the 
natural features of which gave rise to the designation of the 
hundred. F. L. M. R. 


Castle. — Foster's Alumni Oxanienses states that Richard 
Castle, son of William Castle of Clanfield, Oxfordshire, matric- 
ulated at Alban Hall 1677, at the age of 17, took a B.A. degree 
in 1 68 1, and subsequently was vicar of Lechlade from 1689 to 
1737. Any further information about this person or his family 
would be acceptable. F. P. 

The Lloyds of Gloucester [p. 52].— "Francis Lloyd of 
Grays Inn, Middlesex," was admitted to that Inn 6 Nov., 1677. 
He is described as "of Prode co. Carmarthen, gent.," but 
unfortunately, his parentage is not given in the Admission 
Register. It is clear, however, that he was one of the 
Carmarthen family of Lloyd, several of whom are entered in 
the Grays Inn Register. A " Griffith Lloyd, son and heir of 
William Lloyd, late of Lanarthney, co. Carmarthen, Esq., 
deceased, was admitted 11 April, 1661, and "George Lloyd, son 
and heir of John Lloyd of Holirood Ampney, co. Gloucester," 
on 2 Feb., 1629-30. This last is the only Lloyd identified 
with Gloucestershire, entered in Foster's Grays Inn Register. 

W. D. Pink. 

In answer to this query, I write to say that I have in my 
possession a sermon " Preached at the Interrment fsic) of that 
excellently accomplisht gentleman, Tho. Lloyd, Esq., late 
of Wheaten-Hurst, in the county of Gloucester, upon Tuesday 
the 22th fsic J of December, 1668, by Tho. Woolnough, rector 
of the parish of St. Michael, in the city of Gloucester." Printed 
by James Collins, 1669, 


1 62 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

I presume Mr. Harris is aware of the pedigree of the Lloyd 
family, in the visitations of Gloucestershire. They are to be 
found in the Visitation taken 1623 (Edited by Sir John Macham 
and W. C. Heane, 1885), at pp. 104, 105, and in the Visitation 
taken in 1682-3 (Edited, by T. F. Fenwick and W. C. Metcalfe, 
1884), at pp. 1 16, 1 17. F. A. Hyett. 


An Old Tobacco Song. — Mr. Wilkinson's theory of the 
antiquity of the old Tobacco Song printed at p. 32 ante, based 
on a supposed reference to purgatory, will not bear investigation. 
The poem printed is an incorrect rendering of a ** Meditation on 
Smoking," which was reprinted in "Notes and Queries for 
Worcestershire," by Mr. John Noakes, from a " forgotten book 
of Gospel Sonnets by Ralph Erskine, a Presbyterian clergyman, 
whose object was to imprbve whatever subject he touched upon." 
The first verse does not appear in Erskine's lines, but he gives 
an additional one between the third and fourth. Verse 4, 
mentioned by Mr. Wilkinson, thus appears in the original — 
" And when the pipe grows foul within. 
Think on thy soul defiled with sin ; 
For then the fire 
It does require. 
Thus think and smoke Tobacco." 
In a recent notice in the " Gloucester Journal," which we are 
glad to find speaks favourably-of the new series of " Gloucester- 
shire Notes and Queries," the reviewer states that this song 
can be obtained, set to music, from the musical publishers, 
Messrs. Boosey & Co. F. L. M. R. 

» #«« » 

Riot in Dean Forest in 1659.— The Commons' Journals 
report the following : — 

Wednesday, May iiih, ibsg. — Colonel White reports from the 
Committee of Inspection, the Information of Major Wade: 
That upon the third day of this instant month, divers rude 
people, in tumultuous way, in the Forest of Deane, did break 
down the Fences, and cut and carry away the Gates of certain 
Coppices, inclosed for the Preservation of Timber, turned in 
their Cattle, and set divers Places of the said Forest on Fire 
to the great Destruction of the young growing Wood. 


Riot in Dearu Forest in i6^g. 163 

Ordered. — That it be referred to the Sheriff and Justices of 
Peace of the County of Gloucester, to take especial care to 
suppress and prevent all Tumults and riotous Meetings within 
the Forest of Deane. And that the publick Peace be preserved 
according to law. 

A Committee, consisting of 22 Members of the House, was 
appointed ** to take care of the Preservation of the Timber and 
Woods of the Commonwealth in the Forest of Deane, and all 
other Forests of the Commonwealth." w. D. Pink. 

» » 4^ « » 

Gloucester Cathedral — The following appears in the 
Commons* Journals, temp, the Commonwealth : — 
Tuesday, the i8th Nov., 1656, 

** A Bill for settling the late Cathedral Churqh of Gloucester 
upon the Mayor and Burgesses of the city of Gloucester and 
their successors, was this day read the first time." 
Saturday, the 22nd of Nov., j6^6, 

"An Act for settling the Cathedral or College Church of 
Gloucester upon the Mayor and Burgesses of the City of 
Gloucester, was this day read the second time, and upon the 
Question committed. [Committee named]. 
Wednesday, the 26th Nov., 16^6, 

" Bill reported by the Jury, and ordered to be engrossed. 
Friday, the sih of Dec., 16^6. 

" A Bill for settling the late Cathedral Church of Gloucester 
upon the Mayor and Burgesses of the City of Gloucester and 
their Successors, for publick, religious, a^d charitable uses, was 
this day read the third time, and upon the Question passed — 
" Ordered— T\k2X the Lord Protector's Consent be desired to the 

Tuesday, gth June, id^J. 

" His Highness gave his Consent this day." 

It is to be assumed that this Act was carried out till the 
Restoration. What were the " publick, religious, and charitable 
uses" to which, for the three years 1657-60, the revenue of the 
Cathedral Church of Gloucester were devoted ? \^^ jy^ Pink. 



1 64 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

Pyrke Family. — There was formerly in Little Deane 
church, a monument to Thomas Pyrke, Esquire, who died 19 
April, 1702, but which was entirely demolished when Bigland 
wrote his history — (Vol. i., p. 452). The monument was erected 
by the eldest son of Thomas Pyrke, Nathaniel Pyrke, who died 
1715. It must therefore have been erected between 1702 and 
17 1 5, and it seems strange that it should have been demolished 
by the time Bigland wrote, about 1780. 

On it were the arms of Pyrke impaling — a cross, and in the 
dexter chief point a rose. 

Thomas Pyrke married thrice. His first wife was Deborah. 
What her family name was I have not been able to discover, 
but the impalement on the monument would lead one to suppose 
that it was Hort. She died in 1662. Early in 1663, he married 
Mary, daughter of William Hopton, of Okeley, in the parish of 
Berkeley. She died in 1668. He married his third wife, Anne 
Lane, atDeerhurst, 6 December, 1688. 

I am anxious to identify the following persons : — 

Joane Perke, widow, buried at Fretherne, 20 July, 16 17. 

Roger Perkes, buried at Norton, 24 July, 1616. 

Robert Perk, of Deane, buried at St. Nicholas*, Gloucester, 
r5 December, 1625. 

Thomas Perke, buried at Hasfield, 5 March, 1626. 

Thomas Walwyn, of Mycheldeane, and Elizabeth Perk, of the 
same, married at Huntley, 8 June, 1587. 

The name does not appear in the Heralds' Visitation of 1623 ; 
nor is any pedigree recorded in that of 1682, although Richard 
Pyrke, gent., of Micheldeane, and Thomas Pyrke, gent., of 
Little Deane, were summoned by the Heralds at that visitation 
The arms borne by the family are. Argent on a fesse sable, three 
mullets of the field, a canton ermine. 

I should be glad to know when these arms were granted, and 
also to receive any other information about the family. 

Cinderford, Gloucestershire. W. C. HsANE. 

The Window Family.— These entries of the Window 
family, which I copied some years ago from the parish register 
of Ashelworth, will I hope be of interest to your correspondent 
Mr. W. D. Bushell. 

1589. Johan, daughter of Richard Wyndowe, baptised, loth 


The Window Family. 165 

1598. Isable Wyndowe, wyfe of Richard Wyndowe, buried^ 
3 September. 

1598. Richard Windowe and John Telfe, maryed the fifth 
daye of October, p. me Robtum Haunys, vicar, ibid ; Richard 
Telfe X ye signe, Edward Hancock x ye signe. 

'599« John, ye sonne of Ricfhard Window, baptized, 5 Sept. 

1620. John Window and Elizabeth Neede married, 9 Oct. 

1 63 1. Joane Wyndow, widow, buried, 20 March. 

St. Julia's, ChdteDham. CoNWAY DiGHTON. 

Dursley Parish Register.— In the History of Parish 
Registers by J. S. Burn, it is stated, p. 40, " that the first register 
[of Dursley], beginning in 1556, has been destroyed ; the earliest 
entry now is in 1640." 

I shall be glad to know what authority there is for this state- 
ment, and when the early register was last heard of. 

The present Vol. I. of the register begins in 1636, not in 
1640 as stated by Bum. F. L. M. R. 

The RudhaU Family.— (ra^ Part XLIIL, No. 1767.)— The 
Ashleworth Parish Register contains the following entries : — 

17 1 6. Mary, daughter of Edmund and Elizanna Rudhall, 
baptised 25 March. 

17 1 8. James, son of Edmund and Elizanna Rudhall, baptised 
26 January. 

1719. James, son of Edmund and Elizanna Rudhall, buried 
12 May. 

1720. Elizanna, daughter of Edmund and Elizanna Rudhall, 
buried 19 March. 

1728. Edward Rudhall, clarke of ye p'ish, buried 19 March. 

St. Julia's, CheltenhaiD. CONWAY DiGHTON. 



1 66 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

Oliver Family. — I have in my possession a mourning ring 
bearing the following inscription : — 

Mary Oliver, Ob: 13 Nov. 1757. 

It has descended to me through Gloucestershire relatives. 
Can any reader help me to identify this lady ? F. L. M. R. 

Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archceological Society 
for i88g-go. Vol. XIV., Part ii. Edited by Sir John Maclean, 
F.S.A., etc. Bristol: printed by JefFeries & Sons. [1890]. 
8vo., pp. viii., 189-414. 

This, the concluding part of the volume, contains the report 
of the council for 1888-9, from which we are glad to observe 
that the society's membership roll has increased since the last 
report and now is 474. The fourteenth annual meeting at 
which this report was read took place at Cheltenham, July, 
1889, when Mr. Agg Gardner, the president, delivered his 
inaugural address, which dealt merely with general antiquities. 
Notes of the society's excursions then follow, and views of 
Ozleworth, Stoke Orchard, and Postlip Church are given. Some 
sixty pages of this volume are occupied with a transcript by 
Mr. John Latimer, of the Gloucestershire notes made by the 
famous antiquary, John Leland, sometime before the middle of 
the sixteenth century. They will be appreciated by many, for 
lleame's edition of Leland's Itinerary has now become a rare 
book. Sir Henry Barkley contributes remarks on the Liber Niger 
of the Exchequer. It is a critical paper, and a most valuable 
contribution to the territorial history of Gloucestershiie in the 
twelfth century, and the society is fortunate in possessing a 
member willing and able to deal with the records of that 
neglected period. Mr. Melland Hall's paper on Sevenhampton, 
of which he was formerly vicar, gives much interesting matter 
respecting that place, and there is a good engraving of a brass 
in Sevenhampton Church to John Camber, with the lately 
discovered inscription, showing that he died in 1497. Sir John 
Maclean prints as his contribution a perambulation of the 
Forest of Dene in 128 1-2. We gather from his prefatory 
remarks that it forms a portion of some uncompleted collections 
he has made towards the history of the Forest, and we trust 
that he will yet furnish us with many more such valuable records, 



Book Notices, 167 

A Catalogue of Seal Engraving, London: Thomas Moring, 
High Holbom. 1891. 

Though only a trade catalogue, this little work deserves notice, 
not merely for its general information, but for the beautiful 
photographic plates of seals which accompany it. Some of 
them are very fine specimens of the engraver's art. But why 
is it that seal engravers think it requisite, as a rule, to use an 
almost illegible ctyle of mediaeval lettering for the inscriptions. 
If by chance they adopt legible roman capitals, they generally 
seem to fix upon the most tasteless shapes obtainable. 

Frocester Court: an original Ballad by Rev, R, W. Huntley, M.A^ 
describing the visit of Queen Elizabeth to Frocester, in the year 
IS74' Stroud: William Collins, 1890, 8% pp. 32, 

This " ballad " was written, we believe, some years ago, and 
is in that pseudo antique style which was somewhat in vogue 
a generation or two ago. We may quote the first verse as a 
specimen of the whole : — 

** O may I walk the abbot's hall, 
May seat me in his chair. 
May hunt throughout his woodlands all, 
His meads and pastures fair ! ** 

It is difficult to imagine anyone taking the trouble to write 
the three hundred and odd verses thus printed, and still harder 
to fancy anyone reading through them. Fortunately, the fashion 
of writing these sham ballads appears to have died out. The 
incidents narrated in this spun out manner are of some local 
interest, and though it is impossible to commend it, we cannot but 
hope that it met with a financial success, seing that it was 
printed for sale at a bazaar held to raise funds for repairing 
Frocester Chapel. 

Memories of the College School, Gloucester, during iS^g-iSdy, with 
historical sketch and notes of the ** Evans dynasty" by Frederic 
Hannam-Clark. Gloucester : Mrs. Packer, 4, College Court, 
1890, cl. sm. 8vo., pp. viii. 124. 

This little work is sure to be appreciated by old boys of the 
college school, and doubtless in due course by many of the 
present boys as well. Mr. Hannam-Clark has been successful 
in collecting together a great many notes respecting the school 
and house, and has wisely not confined himself to the period with 
which he was personally familiar. A short historical sketch of 
the foundation of the school is given with lists of the masters 
and ushers as complete as the author has been able to make it. 
The titles in the school register which the masters gave them- 


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1 68 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

selves were various, sometimes it was simply "magister" and 
** submagister," then again it was ** praeses," but the favourites 
were evidently " archididascalus " and ** hypodidascalus." The 
most notable of the masters of this school, at any rate from an 
antiquarian point of view, was the Rev. Herbert Haines, who 
died in 1782, the learned author of "A Manual of Monumental 
Brasses" which he issued in 1862. A special chapter is devoted 
to the " Evans Dynasty "^ which ruled for no less than 77 years, 
during 57 of which Mr. Arthur Benoni Evans was head-master. 
Part III., which deals with Mr. Hannann-Clark's own recollections 
and experiences, occupies of course the largest part of the book. 
Herein he records particulars of the various masters he knew, 
the school course, the amusements of the boys, etc. Of course 
there is a mass of trivial detail, even the school shoeblack, Giles 
Cambridge, comes in for a chapter, but it will doubtless interest 
past members of the school, and will serve to recall memories 
of pleasant hours spent tlrere, and possibly to judge from 
certain chapters, some unpleasant moments also. 

Mr. Hannam-Clark's task has evidently been a labour of love, 
and he has spared no pains in compiling his notes about the old 
school and its alumni. The book is illustrated with plans of the 
school and the school grounds and portraits of the Rev. Hugh 
Fowler and the Rev. H. Haines. We learn on page 8 that the 
school register, the "liber censualis," begins in 1684, and 
contains more than 4000 names. Mr. Hannam-Clark gives a 
list of many well-known Gloucestershire families whose names 
occur therein, and we heartily wish that he would undertake to 
print this register. By so doing he would confer a great boon 
upon Gloucestershire genealogists. 

Gloucester and her Governor during the Great Civil War, A 
lecture delivered by F. A. Hyett, B.A., before the Gloucester 
Literary and Scientific Association, March 10, 1891. John 
Bellows, Gloucester, MDCCCXCI. 

In this pamphlet, Mr. Hyett has given a careful and impartial 
account of the siege of Gloucester. Though to students of 
standard local historical works there may be as the author admits 
little that is new, yet it is undoubtedly an advantage to have the 
facts gathered together in a succinct form. Mr. Hyett gives a short 
resum^ of the causes, political and theological, which led to the 
great rebellion, and then divides his lecture under the following 
heads : — Before the siege. The siege of Gloucester, The blockade 
of Gloucester, Massey. We wish that, in addition to the chapter 
on Col. Massey, the writer had also given us an account of 
Mr. Townclerk Dorney, whose pen was so active on the 
parliamentary side. 

Mr. Hyett writes in a clear and lucid style, and we look to see 
further contributions from him on Gloucestershire history. 



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Vol. v.. Part IV. §u\a ^tm%. 

Dec.y iSgi. 

Notes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the 
History and Antiquities of Gloucestershire. 

edited by 


** We do save and recover somewhat f torn the deluge of timer 

House at Chipping Sodbury, 

The Decrease of the Rural Population, 

The Seal of Langley Hundred, 

Musical Epitaphs, 

The Earldom of Berkeley, 

Banners in Hawkesbury Church, 

Old Tombstone at Almondsbury. 

The Origin of the Surname of Stiff, 

Gloucestershire Deeds, 

The Burial Place of Robert, Duke of 

, Normandy, 


The Highest Point in Gloucestershire, 

Gloucestershire Church Restorations, 

Old Stained (ilass in Gloucestershire, 

Memoranda from an Old Prayer Book, 

A Uley Anecdote, 

Notes on the Trotraan Family, 

Ashelworth Clergy and their Families, 

The Manor of Uley, 

An .Old Tobacco Song, 

Chester and Howard. 

Book Notices. ' 

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The sketch of a house at Chipping Sodbury, which forms the frontispiece to the 
present number, is from a drawing kincSy supplied by Mr. Kalph Neville, A. R.I. B. A., 
who has in the press an illustrated work on the old Domestic Architecture of the 
neighbourhood of Stroud. 

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Charles de Sclincourt, Esq., Eversley, Bedford Hill, Balham. 

J. Rawlins, Esq., Bank House, Cirencester. 

Lancelot Croome, Esq., Cerney House, Cirencester. 

J. Y. T. Matzudaira, Esq., 2, Silver Street, Cirencester. 

Thomas Watts, Fsq., Redholm. Cambridge Road, Bournemouth. 

W. B. Bridgett, Esq., 12, Baskerville Road, Wandsworth Common. 

J. Watts Grimes, Knnpton Hall, North Walsham. 


Notes and Queries. 


The Decrease of the Rural Population. 

THE decline in the numbers of the people in the country 
districts has now been recognized for some years past. How 
real it is, the census returns only too plainly show, and in all 
probability, rural life as compared with town life is at a greater 
disadvantage than it was in the days of Queen Elizabeth. For 
the last half century, the abler part of the country population 
has been constantly drifting towards the towns, to the dis- 
advantage certainly of rural life, though whether it be a benefit 
to the nation, is a point which no one probably at the present 
time can pronounce any reliable judgment upon. We must be 
satisfied with chronicling the facts, possibly some of the reasons 
for this decline, and leave it for others in the fiiture to decide as 
to the merits of the change. The tenth census has just been 
taken, and we are now in the position to compare the numbers 
of the population at two periods, ninety years apart. We have 
selected for the comparison, Dursley, and five neighbouriug 
parishes, and of these we give a table to show the population in 
each decade of this century. Of these places, Dursley is a 
small country market town ; it was, and indeed still is to a limited 
VOL. V. o 

172 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

extent, a manufacturing town. Uley and Owlpen were once 
manufacturing villages,as Cam is at the present time. Coaley and 
Nimpsfield are agricultural villages. The district taken may 
therefore be considered a fairly representative one. In only one 
instance, that of Cam, is the population larger than it was at the 
commencement of this century, and yet the inhabitants of 
Cam even are less than they were sixty years ago. 

In 1 80 1, the total population of the district was 6899, or 
excluding Cam, 5614. In 1891, it was 5973, or again omitting 
Cam, 4197, showing a decrease of 926. Yet sixty years ago it 
numbered 9771, or without Cam, 7700, a remarkable contrast to 
the present day when it has dwindled down to 5973 and 4191 
respectively. From the commencement of this century to the 
year 1831, there was a rapid increase in the population, 
amounting indeed to nearly 50 per cent. Since then, the 
decline has been steady, though not quite so rapid as the 
previous increase. The increase in the first thirty years of the 
century was doubtless in great measure due to the general 
improvement in the coaching system, and the increased facilities 
for the transport of merchandise by means of the canals. 

Coaches and canals of sixty years ago, though a vast 
improvement on the older methods of transit available, were not 
sufficiently rapid to induce that development of long distance 
traffic which in our day, by the railway system, has rendered it 
possible for great cities to draw within their boundaries so large 
a proportion of the rural population. It is at any rate a 
remarkable fact that the depopulation of the country set in with 
the advent of the railway system. 

The increase at first was very rapid, being 1 284 in the first 
decade, and 1922 in the second. Between 1821 and 1831, the 
rate of increase received a considerable check, the total addition 
being only 234. This was due to Dursley and the four villages 
of Uley, Owlpen, Nimpsfield, and Coaley, being practically 
stationary; their united increase was but 41. Undoubtedly, the 
main cause of this must have been the heavy failures in the 
cloth manufacture which throw so very many people out of employ- 
ment in the decade 1 821 -31. But the disastrous effi^cts were 
not fully seen until the following census, when it appeared that 
not merely the rate of increase was lessened, but that the actual 
number had diminished from 9771 to 7984, thus showing a 
difference of no less than 1787. Uley, once so prosperous, has 
suffered most. Numbering 1724 in 1 801, it increased to 2655, in 

The Decrease of the Rural Population. 1 73 

the year 1821 being hardly inferior in population to Dursley. 
The next census showed a decline of 14, and in each succeeding 
one the same story has been repeated until it stands at 929, as 
a contrast to the 2655 of seventy years back. The clothing 
trade has long since deserted it, and with exception of the little 
trade carried in one or two saw mills which have replaced the 
various cloth mills here, the parish is wholely dependant on 
agricultural pursuits. Cam is the only exception to the general 
story of this decline in numbers. It shared in the general 
prosperity of the district for the first thirty years of this 
century; in the next thirty it decreased twenty-five per cent., 
whilst in the thirty years just past, owing undoubtedly to the large 
clothing business still carried on, its numbers have risen to 1782, 
though it is nearly 300 short of the population there some sixty 
years ago. F. L. M. R. 

Table of Census Returns, 1801-1891. 

1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 

Dursley* 2379 2580 3186 3226 2931 

Cam 1285 '50' '885 2071 1851 

Uley 1724 1912 2655 2641 1713 

Owlpen 188 181 232 255 94 

Nimpsfield . . . . 523 532 462 454 466 

Coaley 800 909 1 1 1 7 1 1 24 979 

Total.. 6899 7615 9537 9771 7984 

1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 

Dursley* 2752 2477 2413 2344 2269 

Cam 1640 1500 1667 1758 1782 

Uley 1327 1230 1 156 1043 929 

Owlpen 82 91 105 no 108 

Nimpsfield .. .. 417 373 275 269 23s 

Coaley 788 777 780 735 654 

Total . . 7006 6448 6396 6259 5973 

♦ ♦♦♦♦♦ 

* The population of Dursley includes the inmates of the workhouse. 



The Seal of Langley Hundred. 

IN the Antiquary for August last, is a very interesting paper 
by the Editor, the Rev. J. Charles Cox, LL.D., upon the 
recently discovered seal of Langley Hundred. 

We now reproduce what Dr. Cox says respecting it, merely 
omitting some small portions of his valuable paper which are not 
of local interest. 

In the autumn of i8qo. Lord Scarsdale noticed among the 
odds and ends of a small curiosity shop at Bath, a quaintly 
lettered circular seal of a mediaeval type. It attracted his attention 
as there was no device on the seal, but it was engraved in black 
letter, both round the verge and in the centre. It is now the 
property of Lord Scarsdale. When the seal was first submitted to 
me, the lettering was so choked with dirt that a clear impression 
was impossible. After it had been carefully cleaned of the dirt, 
as well as of many particles of thick yellow wax that betokened 
its past frequent use, the design came out well and boldly. It 
proved to be the seal of the Hundred of Langley, in the county 
of Gloucester. 

Dr. Cox goes on to give us an account of the statute of 
Z(2^rrtff7 passed in 1388 (12 Richard, cap. 3), by which it was 
provided that all persons quitting the service in which they were 
bound, should produce a pass, sealed with the King's seal, and the 

The Seal of Langley Hundred, 175 

act further directed each hundred, rape, wapentake, city, or 
borough, should provide a seal having the name of the 
county round it, and the name of the jurisdiction athwart it. 

There was some delay in carrying out this statute, and the 
local authorities had to be reminded of their statutory duties by 
means of writs addressed to the sheriffs of counties in 1391. 

Of the seals that were the result of this statute, only seven or 
eight have hitherto been known to be extant. 

These are : — 

1, Wangford hundred, Suffolk. 

2, South Erpingham hundred, Suffolk. 

3, Staplowe hundred, Cambridge. 

4, Hurstington hundred, probably an unused seal as the 

engraver described the county as "Cambridgeshire" 
instead of Huntingdonshire, in which county that hundred 
is situate. 

5, Walshcrofl hundred, Lincolnshire. 

6, Edmonton Hundred, Middlesex. 

7, Flaxwell hundred, Lincolnshire, 
and perhaps also 

8, Flegg hundred, Norfolk. 

The Gloucestershire example here engraved is on the whole, 
save for the absence of the crown, the most artistic and best 
finished instance of this class of seals that has come down to 
our day. They are all of nearly exactly the same size, the 
impression almost exactly corresponding to the halfpenny of 
our bronze coinage. Details need not be given of the 
measurements, as Mr. Binley's drawings are exactly full size. 
This is we believe the only instance that the handle and whole seal 
of an example of this kind and date has been engraved. The 
design of the handle has no particular merit, save the general 
one of being suited for its purpose : through the holes would 
doubtless be passed thongs or silken strings that secured it to the 
girdle of the person or official of the hundred appointed to use 
it. It will be noted that in the engraving of this seal as in other 
examples, the order of the statute is observed, Stgillu : Gloucesiru 
being round the verge, and Hundr. Longehy " over thwart," or in 
the centre of the design. The metal of the seal in accordance 
with the order of the sheriffs' visit is auricalcum, that is yellow 
copper^ or brass. 

Musical Epitaphs. 

Occasionally, lines of music appear engraved upon tombstones. 
As they are we believe somewhat uncommon, it may be worth 
while to place upon record one which exists in Uley churchyard. 
It is engraved on a brass plate, which is affixed to a substantial 
altar tomb, on the south side of the churchyard. It is as 
follows : — 

Sacred to the Memory 

of Thomas A/hmead, Sen', Clerk of this 

parish, who departed this life 

February 3rd, 18 J i, aged 76 years. 

^^^^ Psalm the 100*^. 






-g— ct= 





All people that on earth do dwell, finy to the Lord with cheerlnl voioB ; 













him ferve with fear, his praise forth tell, come ye before him and rejoice. 

Baf s, 




AU people that on earth do dwell, flag to the Lord with cheerfol voice ; 












him tcne with fear, his praise forth tell, come ye before him and rejoice. 

Alfo Betty, wife of the above Thomas A/hmead, 
departed this life May 8th, ijgj, aged 64 years. 


The Earldom of Berkeley. — ^This case has now been 
finally decided. The committee of privileges of the house of 
lords has found that the alleged marriage of the fifth earl with 
Mary Cole, in 1785, was never solemnized, and that Mr. Randal 
Berkeley has consequently sustained his claim to succeed to the 
Earldom of Berkeley, which title has been in abeyance since the 
death of the fifth earl in 1810. This decision it must be noted 
does not settle the devolution of the barony of Berkeley ; that 
question was not even incidentally dealt with in the case which 
has been just determined. 

Banners in Hawkesbury Church. 

THE following Banners, &c., of the Earls of Liverpool, are 
in the chancel of Hawkesbury church : — 

1. Banner^ with the arms of Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, 
impaling those of Hervey, gules on a bend argent, three trefoils, 
slipped vert, fixed above the eastern lancet on the north side of 
the chancel. This banner has perished from the effects of 

2. Large Banner midway between the two lancets on the 
north side of the chanceL The field is sable, and in the centre 
are two oval shields ; the dexter one surrounded by the Garter, 
and being the arms of Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, azure a 
fesse wavy argent, charged with a cross patted gules, in chief two 
estoiles or, and, as an honourable augmentation, upon a chief 
wavy of the second, a cormorant sable beaked and legged of the 
third, holding in his beak a branch of seaweed called laver 
inverted vert, being the arms of Liverpool. The sinister one 
bears the same arms in the centre, between two impalements, on 
the dexter side Hervey, the arms of the 2nd Lord Liverpool's 
ist wife, and on the sinister side, Bagot, the arms of his 2nd 

The supporters of the shields are two hawk's wings, elevated 
and inverted, ppr. beaked, legged, and belled, or, charged on the 
breast with a cross patted gules. 

The motto is Palma non sine pulvere, and above is an earl's 
coronet surmonted by the Jenkinson crest, on a wreath argent, 
and a horse assurgent or, maned azure, supporting a cross patted 

3. A Banner immediately below the last, of which the field 
is also sable, and in the centre is the Jenkinson crest as before- 
mentioned, within the Garter, surmounted by an earl's coronet. 

4. A Banner, with the arms of Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, 
as before-mentioned, impaling Bagot, ermine two chevrons azure, 
the arms of the 2nd Lord Liverpool's 2nd wife, is fixed over the 
western lancet, on the north side of the chancel. 

There were also four small pendants or pennoncels, with St. 
George's cross at their heads, one of which hung near each of 
the banners, but these have perished with age. 

On the eastern side of the eastern lancet on the north side 
of the chancel are three iron supports, which have held banners 
at some time, but these have long disappeared. 

Cecil G. Savile Foljambe. 

VOL. V. N 

Old Tomb stone at Almondsbury. 

THIS stone stands now in the south transept, evidently not 
its original position. The plate from which the lettering 
is copied is numbered 46, and probably belongs to some history 
of Gloucestershire. 












The letters are in lombardic capitals, but those enclosed in 
brackets I have supplied. I venture to translate it thus : — 

Aldhan de Gihenham, 6*** Rector of Almondsbury, lies here. 
God on his soul have mercy. 

The plate in Bigland's history gives a view of the church from 
the north side, and though this book describes, every other 
monument and inscription in the church and churchyard, it does 
not mention this stone. It is probable that in 1780, this stone 
was concealed under the flooring of a pew. At present, one side 
is built into the wall of the tower. As the church was restored 
early in 1800, and as both Bigland and plate 46 give views of the 
church before its restoration, it would be very helpful to find out 
the date of my plate, and the work whence it was taken. It 
belonged originally to the Rev. H. Gray, and passed to me 
through the kindness of his daughters, and farther information 
as to this stone would be welcomed. It has in its upper surface 
a head in relief, and a straight pastoral staff down the centre of 
the body ; it looks as if parts had been filled in with plaster. 

C. O. Miles. 

The Origin of the Surname of S6S (continued.) 

THESE names seem to be more prevalent in the middle 
than the upper classes of society,* and we shall probably 
be not far wrong if we infer that they might afford to a careful 

* The family nomenclature of the axistocracy in the middle ages was 
affected by feudal ideas, being mainly territorial in its character; and 
doubtless those families- who were allowed to retain their property under 
the conqueror in very many instances found it expedient or more fashionable 
to adopt territorial family names. 

On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 179 

inquirer some guide to the ethnological origin of the families 
who bear them. 

Our concern now is with the modem surname of Stiff which 
we have already suggested, belongs to this class of paleo- 
patronymics, and therefore must originate from a period anterior 
to the Norman Conquest. 

It is proverbially dangerous to hazard surmises upon the 
origin of names and surnames and speculations of this character, 
in perhaps the majority of cases, must be received with a certain 
amount of caution. Writers on patronymics have suggested two 
origins for this name, deriving it either from the christian name 
Stephen, or from a nickname acquired by its first bearer. For 
the first theory no evidence whatever has been adduced, and we 
may at once dismiss it from further consideration. For the latter 
theory which associates the name with the personal qualities of 
the bearer there is more to be said, but it is open to doubt 
whether it can be properly called a nickname. A nickname may 
be defined as an additional name, not alwa3rs complimentary, 
acquired in later life by one who is already possessed of a 
personal name. Such for instance is Longshanks, which was 
applied to Edward the First, and many nicknames of this class 
no doubt became crystalized into surnames proper. If however 
Stiff really belongs to the paleopatronymic class, it can scarcely 
be included amongst the nicknames, although it may have 
reference to the qualities or supposed qualities of its first bearer. 

If this was originally a purely personal one, it must have been 
given to its first owner for complimentary reasons, since children 
usually receive names such as are complimentary in their 
character, or intended so to be. This suggestion, seems to be 
borne out by the original significance of the word. 

In modem English the adjective "stiff" has become very much 

narrowed in meaning, but in Anglo-Saxon or middle English, it 

connoted valour and strength, not merely the idea of rigidity, 

being equivalent to the latin, ♦rigidus, fortis, robustus, so that used 

as a personal name, it would be regarded as a compliment. With 

slightly varying spelling and pronunciation,! the word rans 

through the various teutonic languages, but the meaning is 

* That at a very early date, a surname did exist which predicated the idea of 
rigidity, is shown by the fact that in the I2th century we find mention in 
Normandy of one Radulphus Rigidus, which it is not unfair to assume, was 
the medieval latin for Ralph Stifi". 

t As we have already shown above, the surname Stiff, if we may judge from 
the spelling found in parish registers and the like, must sometimes have been 
pronounced long, quite late in the seventeenth century, thus according with 
the ancient pronunciation of the adjective. 

1 80 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

practically identical in all. Thus in Low German we have Stief, 
in Frisian Stef^ in Dutch Styf^ in German Steif^ in Danish Stiv 
and Stiiv^ in Icelandic Styfe^ and in Swedish Styf* Modern 
German supplies the form Stif, In Anglo-Saxon, the form was 
Stify* signifying stiffs valiant or strong. From it came various 
derivative forms : the plural *j/zw, the superlative ^stroisty the 
adverbial form was ^stifliche^ i,e, valiantly or strongly, and the 
substantive ^stifnesse,, stiffness. 

The prevailing idea of rigidity is of course apparent in the 
modem English word staff, the Anglo-Saxon siaef, staf, the old 
Frisian stef, and modem Dutch staf. Hence the straight rigid 
appearance of the letters of the alphabet caused this word to be 
applied to them so that staff means also a letter, and, by a slight 
extension of meaning, a word, Stefcraft, in old English 
staefcraeft, or as we should probably say, had the expression 
survived to our day, stiffcraft, signifies the science of grammar, 
and stefitez is the alphabet. Consequently, staflie means what 
is literal or exact. Staf also entered into composition with other 
words as candehtaf, cartstaf, hocstaf, distaff, none of which, 
except the last, have been handed down to modern days. 

The verbal form is Stiften, with the meaning to erect, build, 
or found, and Stifter is the builder or founder. 

Thus it will be seen that all these varying forms are based on 
a root wordt in which the idea of firmness and strength prevails, 
and so to our Anglo-Saxon ancestors, a man who was called 
Stiff, doubtless meant one who was valiant and brave, or exhibited 
firmness of character. Such an appellation would be a suitable 
one for a Saxon chieftain to give to his son, and we therefore 
cannot be surprised to find it occurring at a very early date. 

For the first evidence of any name approximating in form to 
Stiff, t we must, as we have already intimated, go back almost 

* The vowel was pronounced long as in life. 

t This root word is sta, which appears to be very widely spread. It is the 
basis of the Sanskrit stha, the Greek iVrD/tAi the Latin sto, the English stand, 
and many kindred and derivative words in various languages. 

J There are several places, the names of which are evidently based on one 
or other forms of this word ; of these may be mentioned Stafford, Stifford in 
Essex, Stiffkey in Norfolk, anciently Stivecai or Stivekeia, and Staffield in 
Cumberland. In Herefordshire, we meet with a Stivingeurdin, of which the 
modem form would be Stiffingwardine. The island of Staffa, in the Western 
Hebrides, we can hardly doubt, owes its name to the rigid columns or staffs 
of basalt, in the famous Fingal's Cave. Steventon in Berkshire appears in 
an early date as Stivetune, and as Stiventon and Stiviton in Edward the 
First's time. It is important to note that an Anglo-Saxon charter dated in 
762, supplies us with the place name Stifincweg, and another, a couple of 
centuries later, mentions Stifingchaem. Both these seem to have been in 
Berkshire not very far away indeed from the modern Steventon. 

On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 1 8 1 

fourteen centuries to the Saxon invasion of Britain at the 
be^nning of the sixth century. In the year 5 14, the West Saxons 
came to Britain with their ships, " at the place which is called 
Cerdic's Ora,* and Stuf and Wihtgar fought against the Britons 
and put them to flight." 

Sixteen years later in 530, Cerdic and Cynric his son conquered 
the Isle of Wight, and slew many men at Wiht-garas-byrg. 
Cerdic's death happened in 534, but he and his son are stated by 
the chronicle to have bestowed the whole island upon " their two 
nephews Stuf and Wihtgar." Ten years later in 544, Wihtgar 
died, "and they buried him at Wiht-garas-byrg.f 

There is the further striking point that though Stuf, when ever 
his name occurs, is always mentioned in connection with Wihtgar, 
no reference to his death is to be found, though that of 
Wihtgar is duly recorded. Perhaps the true explanation may be 
found in the suggestion that Stuf and Wihtgar are in truth but 
one and the same, and that Wihtgar may be merely a surname 
or title acquired by Stuf, pointing to his position in the island 
of which he was governor. 

It is easy to see that a chronicler at a period when single names 
were usual, might well be puzzled by the tradition of Stuf 
Wihtgar who slew the Britons and became chieftain of the 
Isle of Wight. If this be so, then the statement of Asser and 
other writers that Stuf and Wihtgar were brothers, is a mere 
gloss interpolated as an explanation of Stufs surname or title. 

The only other reference to Wihtgar in the Anglo Saxon 

Chronicle is under the date 796, when we are told that the 

council of Cloveshoo, summoned by Archbishop Athelhard, 

confirmed "all the things concerning God's ministers which were 

appointed in Wihtgar's days and other Kings' days." 

* The locality of Cerdic's Ora is disputed; some believe that it is the 
modem Southampton; others consider that it is Yarmouth in the Isle of 
Wight. As the West Saxons are not mentioned in connection with the Isle 
of Wight until 530, we are inclined to think that the former is the more correct. 

t Wihtgarasbyrg, the fortress of the Wihtgar, is identified with the 
modem Carisbrooke. Still, to the present day, there survives the distinct office 
of governor of the Isle of Wight, now held by Prince Henry of Battenberg^ 
whose official head-quarters are at Carisbrooke Castle. 

In considering these scanty facts in the history of the Isle of Wight, by 
Mr. Lockhart, doubt is thrown upon the theory that Carisbrooke t^es its 
name from the Jutish chieftain Wihtgar, and that writer says that Wihtgaras- 
byrg is nothing more than the burg of the men of Wight. If this be the 
sigmfiance of Wihtgara it would seem to confirm the theory that Wihtgar is 
but the surname acquired by Stuf or perhaps rather a title of office — that he 
was indeed the Wihtgar or man of Wight, and that Carisbrooke is simply 
the Wihtgar's fortress. It seems more probable that it would be called auer 
the governor than after the inhabitants of the island. 

1 82 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

From the latin chroniclers, as Asser of Monmouth and Simeon 
of Durham, we infer that the race of Stuf * must have long 
continued in importance for his descendant Oslas, described as 
** famous," held the important office of butler to King Ethelwolf. 
The king indeed married his daughter Osburgh, and as is well 
known their son was Alfred the Great, who was born at the 
Berkshire town of Wantage. It is not a little remarkable, and 
seems to point to the importance of the family that the 
chroniclers should think it requisite to tell us something of his 
family history. " Oslas was a Goth by descent, being of the 
stock of Stuf and Wihtgar, two brothers who obtained the 
sovereignty over the isle of Wight from King Cerdic, their uncle» 
and Cynric his son, their cousin," or consobrinus. 

We therefore scarcely can doubt that in Stuf* the Wihtgar, we 
have an extremely early instance of a Saxon personal name which 
for the last six or seven centuries can be traced as existing as 
a surname in the kingdom of Wessex. 

In the 1 2th century, we find an instance at Swindon, probably 
the Swindon in Wiltshire, of the name Stive clearly used as a 
surname. Humfrey Stive possessed a considerable holding of 
land in that place which his father had held before him in the 
days of King Henry, i>., between i loo and 1 1 35 ; and in a bull of 
Pope Honorius III., who occupied the pontifical chair from 1216 
to 1227, we find a reference to the fee of Richard Stive m 

In the following century, in the time of Edward L, 1274, 
amongst the jurors summoned upon an inquisition held at 
Marlborough, only a few miles south of Swindon, we find the 
names of Robert Stife and John Stife for Blackmore hundred, 
and Roger Stive for Thorhulle hundred. In all these instances. 
Stive and Stife are clearly used as surnames in accordance with 
modern usage, being handed down from father to son, a practice 
which at that early period was comparatively rare. 

Then a man was known by his baptismal name of John or 
Robert as the case might be, and was distinguished from other 
Johns and Roberts by his residence, his occupation, his father's 
name, or even by a nickname. Thus we get John at Well, John 
Atwood, John de Swindon, John Fitz William, or John Williamson, 
John Smith, John le Cooper, and so forth. 

* Of the name spelt with u in modem times, only one instance can be 
adduced. Adminstration of the goods of John Stuff, a seaman, was granted 
in 1748 to his cousin german, Piero SteUa, a name which suggests that 
John Stuff was a foreigner. 

On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 183 

These constitute the only direct proofs we possess of the 
existence of this name in the West of England at an earlier 
period than the fifteenth century. 

Let us then briefly summarize the evidence in favour of the 
theory that the modem Stiffs and StefFs may be descended from 
the Saxon chieftain Stuf. First, there is the etymological 
identity of the names — Stiff, Steff, Staff, Stuf; then there is the 
possibility that a modem group of families always numerically 
few, may be derived from a single immigrant living thirteen or 
fourteen centuries ago. It may be properly objected that there 
may have been other immigrants of the name than the one of 
whom we have historical evidence, and a distinct origin may be 
suggested for the East Anglian Stiffs and Steffs.* 

If this be the case, then the case in favour of the Saxon 
descent of the Stiffs of the West of England is greatly 
strengthened, since they are very few in number, and always 
seem to have been so far back as we can trace them. Indeed, it 
is open to question whether they are now more numerous than 
they were three or four centuries ago. 

It is clear that in the ninth century, a family of very high 
position existed, one of whose claims to distinction rested on 
the fact of their descent from Stuf, the Saxon "king" of the 
Isle of Wight, who landed in this country in the year 514. 

It is important also to note that the place names in the 
neighbourhood of Wantage, the birth place of King Alfred, 
who through his mother, was of the race of Stuf, the nephew 
of Cerdic, seem to support this suggestion of an early Berkshire 
settlement of the descendants of Stuf. We have first the 
village of Steoenton, within five miles of Wantage anciently 
Wantinge. In the time of Edward I., f>., about 1274, it appears 
as Stivinton and Stiventon ; in Doomsday book it is entered as 
Stivetune. It is important to note that both Steventon and 
Wantage adjoin Hendred, which though now but a small country 
village, was a thousand years ago, a famous place, " locus celeber.** 
Now Kemble prints a charter of King Edgar, under date, 964, in 
which he grants to the monastery of Abingdon, ten hides of the 
best land in " Hennaride," Hendred, and sets out the boundaries 
in great detail. 

* Mr. Rye, a well-known authority upon East Anglian genealogy, states 
that the name is very scarce, and that its first occurence is in 1272, when 
Hugh Stive was one of the Norwich citizens condemned for the riot in which 
the cathedral was burnt. The form Stive occurs as late as 1585, in the 
registers of Michell Marsham. 

184 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

Amongst them are Wanlinge wega, Stifingehaeme gemaera, 
Riscbere and Lacyngbroc. These we may reasonably identify 
with Wantage way, or the high road leading to that town; 
Lacyngbroc is doubtless the brook that runs from the modem 
Lockinge, through Hendred and Steventon, to the Thames; 
Stifingehaeme gemaera may be the mere or boundary which 
separates Hendred from Steventon, for we are inclined to think 
that in the tenth century, the formation of the name of the 
present village of Steventon was still in progress, and that it 
was then uncertain whether the form Stiffing^axw or Steven/0» 
would ultimately be adopted. A charter of King Hardacnut, 
dated 1042, grants ten mansae at Feombeorgan, to the Church 
at Abbendune, and in describing part of the boundaries* 
mentions Standitan weg and Stanmeringa gemaere, and *' then 
they lead forth from the small way to the full way called Stifinc 
wegt that is Catmeringa gemaere.'* 

Kemble also prints a charter of King Eadred, dated 948, 
granting land at Stanmere to his servant Wulfric, such 
mentions Sitfigweges Catbeorh, and Bedenweg. 

Now we can identify most of these places. Stanmere is the 
modem Stanmore, Catmeringa gemaere must be the mere or 
boundary of Catmore. Bedenweg is evidently Beedon way, and 
Feombeargen is Farnborough; all four places, Farnborough, 
Catmore, Stanmore and Beedon, lie a little to the south of 
Wantage and Hendred, being separated from them by the 
Ridgeway ; Stifigweg and Stifincweg, the " fulanweg " of one of 
one of the charters, we are inclined to think must be the great 
highroad from Newbury to Abingdon, which passes close by 
Beedon and through Steventon. 

It seems therefore reasonable to suppose that the descendants 
of Stuf, who we know were connected with this district in the 
ninth century, must be identified with the Stifingas who gave 
name to Steventon, and to the Stifincweg and Stifinghaeme of the 
Saxon charters. 

Now in view of these facts, it certainly seems something more 
than a mere coincidence that families named Stiff, should in after 
centuries be found settled in Berkshire and Hampshire within 
five and twenty miles of Wantage, and the reasonable inference 
seems to be that they may be the direct descendants of the 
Stifingas of Saxon days. Search amongst the early records of 
Berkshire might show their existence in the county at an earlier 
date than we now meet with them, but until our early records, 


On the Origin of the Surname of Stij^. 185 

such as subsidy rolls, plea rolls, and the like, are rendered 
generally accessible by means of the printing press, it is hopeless 
for us to expect to trace the mediaeval history of middle class 

We shall now place before the reader the documentary 
evidence upon which are based the preceding arguments in favour 
of the suggestion that the modem Stiffs may be the direct 
descendants of Stuf, the nephew of Cerdic. 
(To be continued,) 

# « « # # 

Gloucestershire Deeds. 

WE propose from time to time to give abstracts of deeds 
relating to Gloucestershire. As these are mostly in 
private hands, and not usually accessible, they will be specially 
valuable to the topographer and genealogist. 

Indenture dated 20 July, 29 Charles IL, 1677, between 
Henry Pegler of Uley, gent, and Hester, his wife (i), and 
William Heart, of Uley, clerk (2). Sale for £(^^ of one acre of 
arable land, called the Headland, in Uley, in the west field near 
to the messuage there, in the occupation of Giles Taylor, called 
Wresden, alias the Cold Harbour, adjoining land of John 
Wheeler, on the south, land of John Woodward, on the north, 
abutting on the hedge westward, and shooting on the land of 
the said William, on the east. 

Livery of seizin endorsed and attested by William Hancock, 
his " W *' mark, and Nich. Morse. 

Bond of same date given by H. Pegler in the penal sum of 
;^20 to observe covenants in this indenture. 

Indenture of exchange dated 20 April, 16 Charles II., 1664, 
between Robert French, of Uley, clothier (i), and James 
Daunsye, of Uley, broad-weaver (2). 

French grants to Daunsye, all that his hedge, and two foot 
of ground without the hedge, shooting from Shibley field's 
shard, down to John Parslowe's land, and lying between Shibley 
field and Nebrooke lane, which leadeth into Westfield ; and a 
plot of ground in the said lane at the lower end of the said 
hedge, containing one lugge of ground, already marked out; 
and one half acre of arable land situate in Bircombe field, having 
Bircombe's lease on the south side, and the land of William 
Payne on the north side. 

VOL. V. O 

1 86 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Daunsye grants to French, one half acre of land with the 
mere on the lower side, in Bircombe field, having the land of 
the said R. French at both ends on the north side. 

Witnesses: Giles Parslow, "G.P.," his mark, John Gainer, 
Edw** Morse. 

Indenture dated 24 Jan., 36 Charles II. between William Wall, 
of Uley, broadweaver (i), and William Heart, of Uley, clerk, (2). 

In consideration of /^i8, Wall grants to Heart, a parcel of 
arable land in the west field, containing 2 acres, having the 
glebe land of Cam On the north-east side, and the land of 
Thomas Pearce on the south-west side, abutting downward on 
Cam Brook, and upwards to John Wheelei's hedge, now in 
the tenure of the said Wall, and purchased by him from 
Samuel Went. 

Witnesses: Giles Estcourt, ICathren Estcourt, her mark, 
Bridgett Manning. 

Indenture, dated 31 October, 32 Charles II., 1671, between 
William Selwyn, of Gloucester, esq., and Edward Selwyn, gent., 
his son and heir (i), and William Heart, of Uley, clerk (2). 

In consideration of £ig^ the Selwyns grant to Heart, a 
parcel of arable land, containing two acres, in the west field, in 
a place there called the Churchway, having the highway and 
land of John Wheeler on the east and west sides, and land of 
John Parslow on the east side; a parcel of arable land, 
containing one acre in Hidefield, having land of the said 
John Parsloe on the south side, and land in the possession of 
Peter French on the north side: a parcel of arable land, 
containing i\ acres in Burcombe Field, having land of Robert 
French on the west and the land of William Bassett, gent., on 
the north side. Covenants for assurance by William Selwyn 
and Margaret, his wife, and Edward Selwyn and Joanna, his wife. 

Indenture dated 20 Nov., 23 Charles II., 1671, between 
Robert French, of Wotton-under-Edge, clothier (i), William 
Heart, of Uley, clerk (2). 

Recites that Richard Browneing, late of Dursley, gent., by 
indenture of lease dated 7 Nov., 3 Charles I., demised to 
Thomas Parslow, then of Uley, yeoman, since deceased, for a 
term of 500 years, two parcels of land, in the field called 
Burcombe, shooting upon land of Edward Bassett eastward, 
and upon land of Thomas French westward, containing i^ 
acres ; also a pared of land in the west field adjoining south- 


Gloucestershire Deeds. 187 

ward to the hedge there, and abutting on land of William 
French, of Cam, yeoman, northward, containg half an acre. 
That Thomas Parslow, by will dated 8 March, 17 year of the 
late king, bequeathed his interest therein to John Parslow. 
That John Parslow, by indenture, 4 Oct., 1655, assigned the 
same to Robert French. 

French, for £\i^ assigns same to Heart. 

Witnesses: Ra: Willett, Si: Michaell. 

The Burial Place of Robert, Duke of Normandy.— 

Leland states that several persons of great eminence were buried 
in the chapter-house at Gloucester, and mentions the names of 
six, painted in black-letter on the walls. During restorations 
which were effected there in 1858, some interesting antiquarian 
discoveries came to light. " On the north wall, in one of the 
niches, by the removal of the calcareous crust, there could be 
traced, though very faintly, the following inscriptions: 'Hie 
jacet Rogerus Comes de Hereford.' On the south wall in a panel 
or niche, * Hie jacet Bamardus de Novo Mercato. Hie jacet 
Paganus de Cadurcis.' In the adjoining panel, *Hic jacet 
Robart Cortus. Hie jacet Adam de Cadurcis.' Of these five 
inscriptions, only three are to be found in the old records, but 
the additional ones contain the most interesting name of all — 
that of Robert Cortus, most likely a contraction for Robert 
Curthose, or Robert, Duke of Normandy, son of William the 
Conqueror. Tradition is uncertain as to the place of burial." — 
GUmctstenhirt Chronicle^ Oct, iSjS. 

J. H. F. 


Aston Subedge. — In the church of Great Missenden 
Buckingham, is a monument to Rev. Thomas Lloyd, of Peterley 
House, rector of Aston Subedge, Gloucestershire, who died in 


1 88 Gloucestershire Azotes and Qiicries. 

The Highest Point in Gloucestershire.— Mr. George 
Robinson, of Woodmancote, Dnrsley, writes to the Bristol Times, 
under date, 30 July, 1891, as follows : — 

In your edition of the 27th inst., " E. S/' asks for information 
which I can supply. Neither Petty France, Nibley Knoll, nor 
Selsley-hill is the highest point in Gloucestershire. In a pasture 
field on the right hand side of the main road leading from 
Wotton - under - edge to Kingscote, in the occupation of 
Mr. John Daniels, of Symonds-hall Farm, rather over three 
miles from the above town, and about 1 20 yards from the road, 
a flagstaff was erected in 1849 or 1850, by a company of 
Ordnance Surveyors, and it stood there for many years. I 
farmed to some extent the adjoining farm, and on one occasion 
I asked an officer why the staff was put there. He said because 
it was the highest point in the county. The staff was nailed in 
a large ash tree, and the pole was 20ft. above. Their camp 
was on Stinchcombe-hill, withm a quarter of a mile of the 
Ridge-house, the property of Mr. J. C. Bengough. 


Gloucestershire Church Restorations. 

Campden Church. — ^The parish church of Chipping Campden 
was re-opened on Thursday, 28 Aug., 1884, after having been 
closed for about four months, for the restoration of the interior. 
The exterior of the sacred edifice, which is one of the most 
conspicuous objects on the summit of the north Cotswolds, was 
renovated a few years ago, and a little over £1000 has now been 
spent in levelling and renewing the floor, providing new 
seats and choir stalls, removing and improving the organ, 
and other work. The church which is in the perpendicular 
style of architecture, contains some beautiful brasses, and the 
Hicks memorials occupying a chapel on the south-side of the 
remarkably fine examples of monumental sculpture. At the 
chancel are re-opening services a surpliced choir appeared in 
the church for the first time, and the seats were unappropiated, 
both these changes having been practically unanimously resolved 
upon at recent vestry meetings. The preacher in the morning 
•was the Rev. Canon Smith, rector of Crayford, Kent, and in the 
evening, the Rev. C. L. Kennaway, rector of Garboldisham, 
Norfolk. The present restoration was carried out from the 
designs of Messrs. Waller, Son, and Wood, of Gloucester. 

Gloucestershire Church Restoratioyis. 189 

Newent Church. — This church, which had been in course of 
restoration for several months, was re-opened on Thursday, 
4 December, 1884. The cost of the improvements amounted to 
nearly ;^i2oo. The building is one of peculiar interest, the 
chancel being of fine thirteenth-century work, the south aisle 
probably of fourteeneth centur}% and the nave of seventeenth 
century, and an example of the best work of that period. The 
fine chancel was thoroughly restored some time ago. The chief 
work now effected includes the removal of the plaster from the 
interior walls. These have been pointed and left rough, thereby 
securing in that condition a handsome and appropriate 
appearance, similar to that seen in many old churches, notably 
in Dymock, Hartpury, and Standish. The old oak seats have 
been made uniform, and the doors removed. The lath-and- 
plaster ceiling of the nave has been taken away and replaced 
by a panelled wood ceiling. The fine old chapel in the south 
aisle has been thoroughly restored. In the wall an old piscina 
was discovered. The work carried out has been one of entire 
conservation, all the three distinct architectural styles above 
referred to having been fully retained. The architect was 
Mr. Middleton, F.R.I. B. A., of Cheltenham, who deserves credit 
for the way in which he has restored the church without in any 
destroying its special characteristics. 

Hauokesbury Church. — On Tuesday, 9 April, 1885, the ancient 
church of Hawkesbury, near Badminton, was re-opened after 
restoration. The Bishop preached the sermon. He commended 
the important work which had been carried out, and 
observed that only ;^ 1 20 remained to be raised to complete it. 
At a luncheon after the service, the vicar, the Rev. W. H. 
Boothby, referred to the difficulty which has been experienced 
in raising the amount necessary to carry out the work of 
restoration, about ;^2ooo. Churchmen and Dissenters alike 
had consented to pay a voluntary rate of is. in the pound 
for the restoration of the roof, and then it was found that the 
other work was bound to be carried out. Some particulars of 
this church, with a plan, appear in the " Transactions " of the 
Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. 

Leigh Church. — The ancient church of Leigh, dedicated to St.. 
Catherine, after undergoing extensive internal restoration, was 
re-opened on Thursday, 29 October, 1885. There were three 
services held during the day ; the Rev. Arthur C. Gabell, vicar 
of the parish, being the preacher in the morning, the Bishop of 

IQO Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the diocese in the afternoon, and the Archdeacon of Cloucester 
in the evening. Those who knew the unsightly and inconvenient 
condition of this church prior to restoration, must approve of its 
altered aspect and arangements. The high pews have been swept 
away, and replaced by open seats. The gallery that cut the 
tower arch, and blocked the view of the west window, has been 
removed, and a beautifully-carved screen, with cathedral glass, 
now separates the tower from the nave. Several other alterations 
have been made, perhaps one of the happiest being the removal 
of the hideous plaster ceiling that had so long hidden the oak 
timber roof. As a beginning to the re-furnishing, the vicar has 
given a polished brass memorial lectern. 

Salperton Church. — ^The ancient church at Salperton, having 
been restored, was re-opened on Friday, 30 October, 1885. It 
should be mentioned that Mr. John C. P. Higgs, of the firm of 
Higgs and Rudkin, kindly gave his services as architect, and 
that, curiously enough, the masonry had been carried out by the 
descendants of a family who rebuilt the tower of the church 
some 200 years ago, for the strictly moderate and modest sum of 
;^40. After morning prayer, the Bishop of the diocese was the 
preacher, and before dealing with the subject matter of the text, 
said — I am very thankful my dear friends — for the moment 
addressing myself more particularly to those of this parish — that 
I have found an opportunity of coming among you, and of sharing 
in your Christian joy in the fact of the restoration of this ancient 
church being now almost completed. We shall all see with 
interest the work that has been done. Most of us may observe 
that we are in a very old building, a building many hundreds of 
years old, and a building that, for a long time, I am told, has 
been in a state unfitted for the reverent worship of Almighty 
God. But now, by the energy of your good vicar, and by the 
efforts you have all made, this house of prayer is restored to a 
state in every degree befitting its sacred character. So far as I 
can observe, the work has been done faithfully and well. There 
is much difficulty in dealing with a church which is very ancient 
and out of repair ; great skill is needed in adapting the new to 
the old, and I venture to think that that skill has certainly been 
shown on this occasion. Both the chancel and the nave have 
been restored with due regard to what the church was in days 
long gone by. 


Old Stained Glass in Gloucestershire. 

In Tlhe Buiidert June 1 1 and 1 8, 1 870, are two articles entitled, 
"Old Stained Glass in English Churches/' in which the following 
references are made to Gloucestershire churches : — 

The stained glass Icnown to be now existing in this country, 
of date earlier than the year 1800, may be divided into seven 
groups, each containing the production of a century. 

Glass of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries. 

None recorded in this county. 

Glass of the Fourteenth Century. 

The east window of Bristol Cathedral is filled with painted 
glass of the date 1320 (restored in 1847), representing a tree of 
Jesse. The lower lights contain figures of the Virgin and infant 
Jesus, prophets, and kings; in the upper tracery lights is a 
display of heraldry. Four side windows in the chancel are 
filled with coloured glass of the same date. 

The great east window of the choir of Gloucester Cathedral 
is filled with the finest stained glass of this period in England. 
It represents a long series of saints, prophets, and Jewish 
kings, larger than life. Date 1345. The side windows of the 
clerestory retain much of their original glass, of the same date 
with the east window. 

In the choir of Tewkesbury Abbey are several figure and 
canopy windows, containing full-length figures of kings, knights, 
and saints. Date 13 20- 1327. 

Glass of the Fifteenth Century. 

The series of five windows representing scriptural subjects, 
apostles, prophets, Roman emperors, &c., in Fairford parish 
church, were taken in the year 1492 on board a Flemish vessel. 
Some have attributed the workmanship to Albert Diirer. 

In the lady chapel of Gloucester Cathedral the headings of 
the window lights have retained their original glass. The east 
window is also filled with fifteenth century glass; white and 
yellow being much employed. 

Glass of the Sixteenth Century. 

Some Flemish and German glass of 15 37- 1543 is in the 
windows of the Mayor's Chapel of St. Mark, Bristol. 

Glass of the Seventeenth Century. 
The windows of the aisles of the choir in Bristol Cathedral 
are filled with enamelled glass of the seventeenth century. The 

192 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

subjects are, on the north side, Jonah escaping from the whale, 
the Ascension, the Agony in the Garden, the Ascension of 
Elijah, and the sacrifice of Abraham ; those on the south are 
the Expulsion of the Money-changers, Jacob's Dream, the 
Tribute Money, Melchisedec and Abraham, and Gideon and the 
Fleece. Much of the original glass has been replaced by 
" pot glass." The jumble of subjects is unprecedented. 

Glass of the Eighteenth Century, 
Bristol Cathedral exhibits in its west window inferior stained 
glass, dating 1710. Cecil T. Davis. 


Memoranda from an Old Prayer Book. 

THE annexed manuscript notes, which mostly, if not wholly, 
relate to Gloucestershire families, are found on the fly- 
leaves of a copy of * Litvrgia seu Liber Precum Communium, et 
Administrationis Sacramentorum, aliorumque Rituum & 
Ceremoniarum in Ecclesia Anglicana receptus. Londini: 
MDCCXIII." 8*. The Dedication to Sir William Dawes, Bart. 
Bishop of Chester, is signed *Tho. Parsell Dabam, k Schola 
Mercat. Sciss. Londini, Kalendis April 171 3." The title-page 
of the volume bears the autograph signature of ' Edward Packer, 
Anno 17 1 5.* It now finds a place in the library of Merchant 
Taylors' School. 

Daniel Hipwell. 
17, Hilldrop Crescent, Camden Road, London. 

1702. Elizabeth y* daughter of Mr. John Surman & 
Elizabeth his wife, was bom, April y* 30th, bap. May 
y* 22**. 
Jan. y* 27th, 1726. Mary Agge was born. 
April y' 19th, 1726. William, son of William Cook, Gleazier, 

was born. 
May y* 31st, 1727. John Beal was bom. 
May 29, 1728. Mrs. Anne Surman. of Treddington 

Sepulta fuit. 
Febr. 15th, 172I. Eliz. Agge, bapt. 
April y* i6th, 1729. Mary Parkes, bapt. 
May 7th, 1729- Rev. Mr. Samuel Rogers, Sepu. 
Nov. I St. 1729. Chr. Caple born. 
Dec. 6th, 1729. Eliza. Long born. 
Oct. 29, 1731- Eliz. Caruthers, was bapt. 

Memoranda J rom an Old Prayer Book, 195 

May 18, 1732. 

March 27th, 1733. 
April y" 4th, 1733. 

Sept. I St, 
May 1 8th, 
July 24, 
Aug. 10, 


Nov. 20th, 1734. 
April 5th, 1735. 
April y* nth, 1735. 

Feb. 7th, 
Ap. zf 
June y* 26, 
Aug. 20th, 
Nov. 19th, 


Nov. 20th, [1736.] 

Feb. 22** 1737- 

July 3^ 1737. 

Sept. 30th, 1737. 

Nov. 27th, 1737. 

Nov. 30th, 1737. 

Dec. 2S 1737. 

Feb. 14th, 1738. 

March 27th, 1739. 

Julyy* nth, 1739. 

Oct. 30th, 1739. 

Nov. 13th, 1739- 

Marchy'ioth, 1740. 

May 17th, 1740. 

May y* 27th, 1740. 



1 741. 
1 741. 

June z8, ^74i< 

larch 4th, 1742. 

May y* 20th, 1742. 

Oct. 25th, 1742. 

Nov. 5th, 1742. 

May 14th, 1743. 

May 22, 1743- 

May 23s 1743. 

William Ussel, natus. 
Will. Clifford, natus. 
John Hayward, bapt. 
r. Beal, bapt. y* same day. 
Tho. Nettleshipp, natus, bapt. 4ih. 
Tho. Hayward was born. 
Rev. Tho. Morgan, obiit. 
Rev. Mr. Tho. Norwood, of Leck- 
hampton, ob. 

James Malpas, bapt**. 
ohn Dark, of Alstone, natus. 
Mary Long was baptized. 
John Hayward, born and bapt. 1 8th day. 
Tho. Buckle, of Jioddington, born. 
John Cobbe was born. 
Mary Nettleshipp, bapt*^. 
Mary Butt, bapt. 
Mrs. Martha Blackwell, obiit. 
Eliza : Surman, nata. 
William Long, born and bapt. y* same day 
R. Stratford Beal, natus. 
Eliza Hayward, nata fuit. 
Henry Nettleshipp, bapt. 
W", son of Jacob Ashley, was born. 
Eliz. Cox, of y* Park, born. 
William Beal, bapt. 
W" Cook, of Overton, born. 
Thomas Arkell, of Walley, bapt. 
Mrs. Waddington, delivered of a son — 

died unbapt. the same week. 
William Hayward, Painswick, natus. Jan. 

17th following, obiit. 
The Rev. Mr. John Chester, Rector of 

Hinton, was buried. 
Mr. Capel, of Prestbury, was buried the 

same day. 
The Rev. ]\Ir. Edmund Meyrick, curate 

of Cheltenham, (?) obiit. 
Mary Ussell, nata. 
Ann Surman, nata — i6th, obiit, 18th,. 

Dorothy Gayner, bapt. 
John Fluck, natus. 

^lary Dark, of Alstone, was baptized. 
Mary Morgan, nata fuit. 
Tho. Hamblin, natus, bapt- 13. 
Rev. Mr. Prinn, Sep. 
Rev. Mr. Philips, obiit. 
Tho. Clifford, natus fuit. 

194 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

June y' 7th, 1743. Maiy Weston, was born. 

Sept. 29, 1743. Anna Maria Field, nata fuit. 

Oct. 13th, 1743. William Dark, of Alstone, natus. 

Nov. 6, 1743. John Surman, natus, bapt. 29th. 

Dec. 19th, 1743. Tho. Morgan, Baptizatus. 

May I St, 1744. Mary Roberts de Leigh, nata, bapt. 

June 6*\ 
May 29, 1 744. William Waddington, natus, bapt. Fryday, 

June 8th. 
July 29, 1744. Mary Fluck, bapt. 

Sept. 14, 1744. Sarah Ussell, bapt. 
Dec. I St, ? 1744. Richard Hamblin, bapt. 
March 16th, 1745. Daniel Field, bapt. 
Apr. 5th, 1745. Joseph Hayward, of Painswidk, natus. 
""une y* 7th, 1745. Thomas Morgan, bapt. 

une 18th, 1745. Thomas Hale, of Stoke, baptiz. 

ulyy'23, 1745. Eliza: Roberts, of y* Leigh, Baptizatus, 
June 24, nata. 
Aug. 19, 1745- Anne Weston, nata. 

Sept. 15, 1745. Sam. Clifford, bapt. 
Nov. 22, 1745. Jane Stock, bapt. 

ian. 16, 1746. Mary Trowton, bapt., mater eodem sep. 

larch 21, 1746. Samuel Hamblin, bapt. 
June 18***, 1746. Rev. Mr. Brassington de Gorthampton, 

Aug. 3, 1746. Sarah Fluck, bapti. 

Sept. I, 1746. Edward Morgan, bapt. 

Oct. 4, 1746. John Roberts, natus. 

Oct. 13, 1746. Rev. Hen. Mease, obiit. 

Oct. 25, 1746. Rev. Tho. Clement, obiit. 

Nov. II. 1 746. Rev. Mr. Parkes, Rec*., de Pershore sepult. 
Nov. 17**, 1746. William Surman, of Swindon, natus; 

Dec. 30, bapt. 
Nov. 17***, 1746. Anthony Ussel, nat. 
Jan. 16 (circa), 1747. Rev. Robert Lawrence, of Sevenhampton, 

Ap. 20, 1747. Rev. George White, of Rendcomb, ob. 

Ap. 29, 1747. Rev. Mr. Williams, Uckington, ob. 

July 31, 1747. Will. Stayte, nat. 

Aug. 2, '747' Margret Stock, nata. 

Sept. 4, 1747. The Rev. Mr. Sevill, ob. 

Dec. 1 5, 1 747. Anne & Elizabeth, daughters of Mr. Dark, 

of Alston, were bom. 
Apr. 23, 1 748. John Waddington, of Prestbury, was bapt. 

May iQ, 1748. Rev. Mr. Jarvis, sep. 

Jan. 4*^, 1749. Kath. Packer, ob. 

une 18, 1749. Eliz. Hayward, ob. 

Aug. 12, '749- Rev. Mr. Dun, ob. 

A Uley Anecdote. 

The parishes in the Vale of Berkeley are remarkable for the 
large number of place-names which they contain, for almost every 
farm house has its own distinctive appellation ; many of them as 
ancient, probably as the names of the villages themselves. In 
no parish perhaps is this feature more noticeable than in Uley, 
where the place-names and field-names are so numerous, that they 
form quite a study. A story, told me in Uley, will serve to 
illustrate this : — 

Years ago, the inn on Uley Green called the Old Crown or 
Upper Crown, to distinguish it from another of the same name 
lower down the street, was kept by one Feribee, who never lost 
an opportunity of advancing his business as this anecdote plainly 
shows. One dark evening, a stranger rode up to the door, and 
after duly refreshing himself, anxiously enquired how far it was 
to the manor house at Owlpen. " Surely, Sir, you do not think of 
going there such a dreary night as this," replied old Feribee, 
** Indeed I do, for business presses," answered the traveller, " but 
how far, pray, is it, and which way must I turn ?" " Why," was the 
answer, "you must go along the green and down the hill by 
Fiery lane until you come to Cuckoo brook, then a little further 
on you will pass Horn Knep, after which you will go by Dragon's 
Den, next you go through Potlid Green, after that, is Marling's 
End and that will bring you straight into Owlpen, but you must 
take care not to miss the road." " If it be so long and troublesome 
a way to find, why then, landlord, I think, if you have a bed, I 
will stay till the morning." So Feribee gained himself a guest 
for the night, and the traveller saved himself a long and wearisome 
journey of not more than ten minutes 1 

F. L. M. R. 

Notes on the Trotman Family (continued). 
Students Admitted to the Inner Temple, 1547- 1660. 
1598. Nov. Edward Trotman, Cam, Gloucestershire. 

1624. Nov. Edward Trotman, son and heir of Edward 

Trotman, a bencher, called to the bar 

1626. Nov. Daniel Trotman, Gloucester, at request of 

Edward Trotman, Autumn reader, called 

to the bar 1635. 
1654. Nov. Arthur Trotman, Bishopstone, Wilts. 

196 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

Trotman Wills. 
We now give these abstracts of wills of various members of 
the Trotman family which have been from time to time proved 
at Gloucester, or in the Prerogative Court of Canterbur}'. They 
comprise the majority of wills of testators of the name, but 
some, such as the Wiltshire Trotmans, whose connection with 
the Gloucestershire Trotmans is still unascertained, have been 
omitted as well as a few others of which as yet we have been 
unable to obtain abstracts. These wills have been collected 
together by several persons in searches extending over some 
years, and hence the abstracts are of varying brevity. It is 
believed, however, that nothing of genealogical importance 
has been omitted. 

Thomas Trotman^ of Dursley, 14 Jan., 1552. Thomas, my 
eldest son ; my son Nycolas, under age ; Thomas Trotman, of 
Cam, and William Thomas, of Nybley ; William Trotman ; my 
son Morishe ; Eleanor, my wife, executrix. Witnesses — ^John 
Spencer the smith, William Trotman, Raynold Lane, Curatt, 
with other. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1553. 

Edward Trafmarty of Slymbrigge, i Jan., 1552. To Nicholas 
Tratman, my best cote and best cappe, &c. Agnes, my wife, to 
be executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 17 June, 1553. 

William Trottman^ of Dursley, 14 September, 155-. To be 
buried in Dursley churchyard ; to Richard Everett, 40/-, in the 
hands of George Davys ; to Thomas, my cousin, a broad loom 
with his harness; to Janne, my wife, the house now in the 
occupation of Richard Everett ; to Elnor Tratman, my mother, 
land in Dursley ; remainder to Alis Everett, my sister, then to 
Thomas and John, her sons ; residuary legatee and executrix, 
Elnor Trottman. Overseers — Edward Trottman and William 
Bery. Witnesses — Edward Trottman and William Bery, Anselm 
Talor and Thomas Philips. Debts named. 

Recorded at Gloucester, but no proof of will. Entered in 
the calendar under 1557. 

Thomas Trollman^ of Came, clothyer, 8 Sept., 1558. To my 
wife, 150 marks, &c. Nicholas Trottman, the son of myne eldest 
Sonne, John Trottman ; Thomas Trottman, brother to the said 
Nicholas ; William Trottman, another brother to the said 
Nicholas* Richard Trottman, another brother to the said 

The Trotman Family. k^^j 

Nicholas (all under i8 years); the children of my sonne 
Richard Trotman ; John Trottman thong', my sonne. Residue 
to my sonnes John Trotman theld', Richard Trotman, and John 
Trotman, jun' ; they to be executors. As to my mesey londs, 
&c., in the counteys of Gloucester and Worcester I devise to 
John Trotman, myne eldest sonne and to his heyrs for ev', all my 
mesys-Iands, ten'ts, mylls, rents, &c., which to me dyscendyd by 
inheritance after and by the death of Henry Trotman, ray father, 
and which my said father purchased to him and to his heyrs of 
Henry Mabson, of Kynton in Thornbury ; to Agnes my wyfe, 
two measis named long forde house, of the yearly value of 4 
marks, and holden of the Castell of Barkeley by socage, and after 
her death, to my son Richard ; to Richard, my lands in Gusseley, 
CO. Wore. To my third sonne John Trottman thong', lands in 
Upthruppe in Came, for his life, remainder to Katherine his wife, 
remainder to the heirs of John Trottman, lawfully begotten, &c. 
Proved at Gloucester, 10 Dec, 1558. 

Agnes Trotman, of Came, 22 Sept., 1558, wedowe, late the 
wife of Thomas Trottman, of Came, deceased ; Henry Mayle, 
my servant ; John Cumock, my servant ; Thomas Woodward ; 
To every of my sonne, John Trottman, the elder's chyldren, fFyve 
marks a pece; to every of my sonne Richard Trottman's 
chyldren, the same legacy ; to Kateren Trottman, the wife of 
John Trottman thong', five marks. Residue to my sonns, John 
Trottman theld', Richard Trottman, and John Trottman thong', 
my executors. Witnesses, John Bristowe, Phillipe Poole, Nicholas 
Trottman, &c. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 Dec, 1558. 

John Tratman, vrsher, Wotton-under-egge, 5 Nov., 1560, to be 
buried in Wotton church ; to my uncle Richard Tratman, all my 
books, saving an Elyot called a dicoonarie, my testament and a 
cronicle which I bequeath to Robert Torason ; also to my uncle 
all my glasses of watters, saving one glass of watters for the sight 
which I give to my cosen John Tratman ; my cosen Thomas 
Tratman, of Stancumbe ; John Harvey ; my sister Margaret ; my 
uncle Richard, and cosen John Tratman ; my wife Elyn Tratman 
to be executrix ; my uncle Richard Tratman, and cosen John 
Tratman, to be overseers ; my brother Morrys Tratman ; my sister 
Alys Farr ; my sister Margaret ; my cosen John Tratman's son. 

Proved at Gloucester, 25 February, 1562. 

Edward Tratman, of Slymbrigg, 22 Feb., ix. Eliz., [1569]. 

198 Gloucestershire Notes a7id Queries. 

My four youngest daughters, Johan, Margery, Anne, and 
Margaret; Rychard Tratman my son; my eldest daughter 
Margaret, and my youngest daughter Margaret ; Morys Tratman, 
my eldest sonne; Edward Tratman, eldest son of Anthony 
Tratman, my son ; William Richards, my son-in-law. 
Proved at Gloucester, 22 Aug., 1567. 

John Trotmatty of Slymbrydge, 3 Oct., 1571. To Edward 
Trotman and Mare Trotman, the chylde of Antone Trottman, 
40s. a pece at 21; Elizabeth Longe; Gryne Hoodynge; 
Thomassin Wood; Thomas Shephard, my brother; Jone 
Shepharde, my goddafter ; William Tayler, of Coome. 

Proved at Gloucester, 8 Oct., 1571. 

Elisabeth Trotman^ of Stinchcombe, widow, 12 May, 1574. To 
be buried in the churchyard there; all my goods to Richard 
Tratman, of Came, Roger HoUister, of Stinchcombe, and 
Thomas Trotman, of Stynchcombe, my sons, whom I make my 
executors, of truste to devide my sayd goodes to my syxe children 
unmarried. Witnesses — ^William Trotman, John Trotman, 
Richard Trotman, Lewdowick Trotman, Elizabeth Hollister, with 
others more. 

Proved at Gloucester, 7 May, 1575. 

Elyn^ Trotman^ of Dursley, 19 Feb., 1575 ; Thomas Envode, 
John Envode; Jane Envode; Alse Hutchings; residue to 
Richard Envode, of Dursley, my son-in-law, he to be executor. 

Proved at Gloucester, 16 Dec, 1575. 

Richard Tm/man, of Wooton-under-Edge, yeoman, 29 June, 
1579 ; my son John ; my daughter Mary ; Edward Tratman, my 
Sonne; William Tratman, the elder, my sonne; William Tratman, 
the younger, my sonne ; Isabell, my wife. 

Proved at Gloucester, 7 Feb., 1583. 

/ohn Trotman^ of Pinwell, in Wootton-under-edge, weaver, 4 
Feb., 1582, 32, Eliz. ; my daughter Relthia, (?) ; my wife Ellen. 
Proved at Gloucester, 19 Sept., 1590. 

John Tratman^ the elder, of Came, clothier; to be buried 
withen Christian burial ; to the poor people of Came, 40/- ; of 
Dursley, 20/- ; To GrifFeth Tratman, son of Richard Tratman, 
my brother, and to Katherine his wife, 100 maii^s; to 
Francis Tratman, son of Richard Tratman, of Wotton-under- 
Edge, ;^2o; to Thomas Tratman, of Dursley, ;fio; to Marie 
* She is called < Eleanor ' in the calendar. 


Tlu Trot man Family, 199 

Plomer, daughter of Christopher Plomer, deceased, £10 \ to 
John Plomer, son of Christopher, £^ ; to Katherine Tratman, 
daughter of Edward Tratman, of Eastwood, £% ; all three under 
21. Residue unto Katherine, my wife, she to be executrix. As 
to messuages, lands, tenements, commons, hereditaments in Came 
or elsewhere ; all messuages, lands, etc. in Upthrup, Came, which 
sometime were the land of Sir John Butler, knt., and of Hugh 
Partridge, gent., all lands, tenements, meadows, leasows, pastures, 
commons, and appurtenances, in Nether Came, sometime the 
land of Florence Barston, of Dymocke, one close called Nether 
Orchard, in Came, sometime the land of John Berkeley, of 
Beverston, esq'*; two acres in Came Field, next the meadow 
called Hynam Meade, sometime the land of Thomas Fraunsame 
and Thomas Warrante ; to have the same for her life, 1./., my 
wife's, after her death, the lands in Upthrup, shall remain to — 
{sic). Said Katherine to keep deeds, after her death same to be 
delivered to — {sic). To the said Katherine, all my lands in Over 
Cam, which I purchased of Henry Daunte, gent., to hold the 
same unto her and her heirs for ever. I devise unto the said 
Griffith Trotman, son of the said Richard, my brother, lands, etc., 
in Lower Came, sometime the land of Florence Barston, of 
Dymocke, and one close, called Nether Orchard, sometime the 
land of John Berkeley, esq. ; also 2 acres in Came t*ield, next 
to the meade called Hynam, after decease of my wife ; deeds to 
be delivered to the said Griffith Tratman. Overseers — Richard 
Tratman, of Came, my brother, and Thomas Tratman, of 
Tortworth, my brother-in-law ; to each of them for their pains, 

Signed "by me John Tratman," 9 Aug., 1592. 

Proved at Gloucester, 9 Aug., 1592, by Katherine the relict. 

Elizabeth Trotman^ of Wickware, widow, 21 March, 32 Eliz., 
[1590.] My son-in-law Griffithe Trotman ; to the poor of Wotton- 
under-edge, 4s.; my daughter Katherine Trotman; her two 
daughters, Ursula and Sara Trotman; my daughter, Marye 
Trotman; Richard, son to Griffithe Trotman; my daughter, 
Alice Mabbott ; my son, John Dangerfeilde ; Joane Jeifreis, my 
daughter; residue to my three daughters, Joane, Alice, and 
Marye; Francis Trotman, my son; John Trotman, my son; 
William Trotman, my son; Thomas Dangerfield, my son, he 
sole executor; Edward Trotman, and Thomas Graill, of 
Huntingford, overseers. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 June, 1590, 

200 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Maurice Traiman, of Cam, yeoman, i6 August, 32 Elizabeth, 
■[1590]. To be buried in the churchyard of Cam; Elizabeth, 
my wife to be executrix ; to Dorothy, my daughter, £zo to be 
paid her at Lady day, 1592, by Hugh Watkins, thelder; to Alee, 
my daughter, lease from Thomas Hopton and Richard Browning, 
of Cowley ; Moris, son of Edward fratman ; Richard Tratman, 
of Slimbridge, my brother and John Woodwarde, of Stinchcombe, 
to be overseers. Witnesses — Richard Tratman, of Slimbridge, 
and Edward Tratman. 

Proved at Gloucester, 15 April, 1591. 

Richard Trotman, the elder, of Came, yeoman, 8 Oct., 
1592, sickly in body, etc. To the poor of Came, 20/-; to 
Richard Trotman, son of Griffith Trotman, one silver-gilt salt, 
being the worst ; to Griffith Trotman, my son, 4 oxen, of the 
best, 5 kine of the best, one bull, and one black mare, also 6 
store pigs and one sow, and half the bacon in the house at the 
time of my decease, also one com wain ; one dung wain, 2 
stringes, one mustard mill, one riding saddle, one pack saddle, 
half of the plough timber, whatsoever in and about my house, &c. ; 
to Katherine Trotman, daughter of Edward Trotman, half a dozen 
silver spoons ; to Lodwicke Trotman, my son-in-law, £%o ; to 
Ursula Trotman, daughter of Griffith Trotman, half a dozen silver 
spoons ; to Mary Trotman, wife of Lodwicke Trotman, one little 
cup, silver gilt, 3 pairs of sheets, half a dozen table napkins ; to 
Katherine Trotman, wife of Griffith Trotman, one silver cup, 
called the Turne, being parcel gift, also one jug of stone, fitted 
aud covered with silver and gilt, being the worst in the house ; 
to Edith Warne, wife of Thomas Warne, my daughter, one jug, 
fitted and covered with silver and gilt, being the best ; to 
Griffith Trotman, 40 sheep, also half of my corn, he to have 
the straw in and about my house, bams, etc.; to Griffith 
Trotman, one chest, standing at the high chamber door, also half 
of my bedding linen, pewter, brass and treen ware, except the 
bed in the high chamber ; to Griffith Trotman, 2 brooches, 2 pot 
hangyns, one pot-hook, etc., also 3 arras quishuons, 3 wainscote 
chairs, and 3 joined stools; to Sara Trotman, the daughter 
of Griffith Trotman, 2 silver spoons; to Joan Greene, one 
'chilver lamb, one brass pot, being the least saving three, one 
flock bed in Griffith's chamber, one pair blankets, one bolster, 
•one pair of hempen sheets, one brass candlestick, with the flower 
.broken off*, one white covering; residue to Edward Trotman, 

The Trotman Family. 201 

my son, he to be executor. Overseers — loving son-in-law and 
friend George Leonard and Thomas Warne, John Trotman, 
Wm. Higgyn and Thos. Morse, to each of them 5/- ; to Monice 
Vsold (sic)^ 4 lambs; to Richard Trotman, son of Griffith 
Trotman, one colt; to Lodwicke Trotman, 6 lambs; signed 
" Richard Trotman's marke." Witnesses — ^John Trotman, Griffith 
Trotman, Lodwicke Trotman, and William Higgyn, John 
Lonedale, Morris Vsould. 

Proved at Gloucester, 27 Apr., 1593, by Edward Trotman, the 
son and executor. 

Griffithe Trotman, of Came, yeoman, 10 June, 1598; to my 
daughter Ursula, £^o at 21 years, or at marriage with the consent 
of Katherin, my wife ; to Sara my daughter, the same legacy ; 
Richard Trotman, my son ; Katherine, my wife, to be executrix ; 
my brother Edward Trotman, my cosen John Trotman, and 
Edward Trotman his brother, to be overseers. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 Jany., 1598. 

Nicholas Tratman, of Bradstone, Barkeley, Gloucester, yeoman, 
28 July, 1577. To Anne my wife, 400 marks; to the poor of 
Barkeley, 5 marks ; to Newport, 20/- ; of Durseley, 40/- ; of 
Slimbridge, 20/- ; of Cam, 26/- ; James Holder, Rychard Peryn, 
Thomas Haywarde, and Isabel Cowley, 6/8 each; to Jone 
Bridge and her brother, 13/4; Elizabeth, my daughter, 200 
marks ; Alice, my daughter, 200 marks ; Thomas, my son, ;f 200 ; 
to John, Edward, and Thomas, my 3 sons, all my leases. I 
make Rychard Tratman, John Tratman, of Came, Thomas 
Machin, William Tratman, and Wm. Bower, my executors. 
Witnesses — ^Anthony Webbe, Anne Tratman, with divers others. 

Proved, 10 Aug., 1577, ^7 William Tratman and William 

30 Nov., 1577. Com. to Thomas Machin, present, John 
Tratman and Richard Tratman, by Wm. Babham proctor. 


John Tratman, the elder, of Cam, cloatheman, 24 July, 19 
Eliz. [1577]. To the poor of Cam, 20/-; to the poor of 
Dourslie, 40/-; of Barkeley, 40/-; Slimbridge, 20/-; to the 
mending of the Hiewaie between Lydegrene and Lawrinch 
Bridge, 5 marks ; to Thomas Tratman, my son, messuages, etc., in 
Slimbridge and Thornbury, which I purchased of Sir John 
Barckley, knt., Thomas Taylor and Wm. Kinge; to Wm. 
Tratman, my son, messuages, etc., in Bradstone and Barkeley, 

VOL. V. p 

202 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

which I bought of the Lord Wentworth, Sir Thomas Throgmorton, 
and Sir John Thinne; to Richard Tratman, my son, my 
meadows and pastures called Hengaston, which I bought of 
Wm. Bucher ; Nicholas Tratman, my son, a cup, covered with 
silver, etc.; to William Tratman, my son, certain implements 
that I left with my son Nicholas at Bredston ; to son William, 
;f 200, and cup that Youghan Skill gave me ; two dozen of silver 
spoons to my 4 sons equally ; to Johan, my wife, a dozen silver 
spoons, etc. ; William Davie, Katherine Dassine, two spoons and 
money bequeathed to my said wife and her said 2 children, John 
Baston and Harrie Dole, before the time of our marriage. 
John Tratman, son of Nicholas Tratman, 4 oxen, etc. ; Elizabeth 
Tratman, daughter of said Nicholas ; to the other 3 of my said 
son Nicholas' children, viz., Edward, Thomas, and Alice'; to son 
Thomas' children, 20 nobles a piece; to son William's children, 
20 nobles a piece ; to Katherine, daughter of Richard Tratman, 
of Wotton, ;^5. Residue to sons Thomas and Richard, they to 
be executors. Witnessed by Rychard Smith, clerk, Richard 
Tratman, John Tratman, the younger, William Fynimore, 
Wm. Wakeman, William Buchar, James Hushold, Rychard 
with others. 

Proved by George Harris, n.p., procter of Thomas and 
Richard Tratman, 3 Oct., 1577. P.C.C. Daughiry, 38. 

Katherine Troitman^ of Came, widow, 9 March, 44 Eliz., 
[1602.] To the poor of Came, 40/-; to the poor of Wotton, 
40/- ; to the poor of Dursley, 20/- ; the money to the poor of 
Cam to be distributed by the discretion of John Trotman, my 
cousin, of Lower Cam ; to the poor of Wotton, by my brother 
Wm. Trotman, of Wotton; to the poor of Dursley, by my 
cousin John Plomer, of Dursley ; to my cousin, John Plomer, of 
Dursley, £\o\ Catherine, his daughter, £10 \ Nicholas and 
Christopher his sons, 50/- each; to Thomas Trotman, son of 
Nicholas Trotman, of Breadstone, deceased, /'lo; Katherine 
Trotman, daughter of said Thomas, when of age, etc.; to 
Richard Woodward and John Woodward, children of John 
Woodward, £% a piece ; to his other 6 children which he hath 
by Marie his now wife, 40/- a piece, when of age, etc. ; to John 
Trotman, son of my cousin Richard Trotman, of Over Cam, 
50/-; to his daughter, Elline Trotman, 50/-, when of age; 
Katherine Corner, daughter of Thomas Gomer, £\o, when of 
age; Alice Corner, sister of Katherine, when of age; to 
Througmorton Trotman, £10^ when of age ; Katherine Trotman, 

The Trotman Family. 203 

daughter of my cousin John Trotman, of Lower Cam, when 
of age ; Alice Hewes, my sister, £^ ; Samuel Plomer, her son, 
£$ ; Thomas Hewes, her son, £s ; Sarah Plomer, her daughter, 
£S ; Richard Trotman, son of GriflBth Trotman, deceased, £1 ; 
Ursula, sister of said Richard, £$ ; Sara, sister of said Ursula, 
40/-, when of age ; my brother, John Trotman, of Stinchcombe, 
£$ ; John Trotman, son of said John, £1, when of age ; Mary 
Chaneler, my sister, £$ ; Mawde Gower, my sister, £is\ Marie 
Tucker, daughter of said Mawde, £s ; Thomas Trottman, my 
brother, /'lo ; Katherine Hickes, daughter of Arthur Hicks, ;^io, 
when of age; Katherine Stocke, /lo; Katherine Stocke, her 
daughter, ;^io, when of age ; Robert Trotman, son of my brother 
William Trotman, £^0 ; Anne Trotman, daughter of said William, 
£^0 ; William, Walter, and John, sons of Wm. Trotman, my brother, 
;^2o a piece, when of age ; my men servants and maid servants, 
20/- a piece ; William Trotman, son of my brother William, of 
Wotton, my housen and garden or gardens in Over Cam which 
my husband, deceased, purchased of Harry Vawcut, gent., 
deceased ; to my cousin John Trotman, of Lower Cam, all my 
house, etc., in Upthrip, with the land, meadows, and pastures, 
orchard and garden, which my late husband's father purchased ; 
to Richard Trotman, son of Griffith Trotman, deceased, land in 
Lower Cam, according to my husband's last will. Residue 
unto my brother William Trotman, he to be executor. Overseers 
— Edward Trotman, of the Coorte, and Richard Fynymore ; to 
them, 40/- a piece, for their pains ; to Thomas Peratts, one 
ewe ; to John Fynymore, son of Richard Fynnymore, one sheep. 
Witnessed by Richard Phinimore*, Edward Trotman, of Cam, 
and Thomas Stydman. 

Proved in London, 20 May, 1602, by William Trotman, brother 
of the deceased, and executor. P.C.C. Montague^ j&. 

Lodwyck Trafman, of Bucko ver, yeoman, 9 March, 1606. 
John Tratman, son of my brother John Tratman, deceased ; to 
William, brother of the said John, now apprenticed to Richard 
Coke; to Joan and Ann, the two daughters of my brother 
Edward Trotman, of Eastwood ; Anne Heynes and Joan Collins, 
my granddaughters ; to the poor of the tithing of Morton ; to 
Richard Coke, my best pair of hose; my wife Mary to be 

* In his own will, proved in 1615, Rychard Phinimore mentions ** Edward 
Trotman my brother-m-law." 

204 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries, 

residuary legatee and executrix. Witnesses — Edward Trotman, 
Richard Haynes, Richard Grove, Richard CoUe, and John Pope. 

Proved at Gloucester, 7 May, 1606. 

Inventory : £%^ : 4 : 8. 

Thomas Tratman, of Cromhall, yeoman, 1608. My daughter 
Elizabeth, and her husband Arthur Hicks ; he to be executor ; 
their children, Thomas, Morgan, Arthur, John, Agnes, Edith, 
Katherine, Elizabeth ; my sisters, Mawde Gore, Alice (Hayes ?) 
Katherine Tratman, and Mary Chandler; Mary Tratman and 
the rest of the servants in the house; my kinsmen, Samuel 
Neale, Edmund Tucker, and Morgan Hickes, the elder ; god- 
children, John Stocke, John Tratman, and Margaret Webb ; my 
brothers, Edward Tratman, William Tratman, Francis Tratman, 
John Tratman, and Edward, son of John. Bequests to the poor 
of Cromhall, Wotton, Thombury, Wickwar, Tortworth^ and 

Proved at Gloucester, 13 July, 1608. 

Amye Trotman, of [Titherington ?] widow, 26 March, 1 608. My 
daughters, Mary Hixe, and Amie, to be executrixes ; my sons, 
John, William, and Richard. Witnesses — ^William Jones, clerk, 
and Morgan Hixe, my son-in-law. 

Proved at Gloucester, 24 June, 1612. 

William Tratman, of Rodborough, in the parish of Hampton, 
Glos., " sick in bed," 20 Feb., 1 609. To the poor of Rodborough, 
20s. ; to Samuel Tratman, Morris Tratman, John Thayers, and 
Giles Adys, ;^4o that William Mayes doth owe me, equally to be 
divided between them, " if they can recover it ; " to Elizabeth 
Hampton, ;^5. Residuary legatee and executrix, my wife 
Johane. Overseers — Thomas Clotterbooke and John Hickes. 
Signed, By me William Tratman. Witnesses, By me Richard 
Webb, Jasper Cole. 

Proved by Joan Tratman, the relict, 11 May, 1610. 

P.C.C. Wingfield,si> 

Edward Trotman, of Winterbome, Bristol, yeoman, will 
nuncupative, dated Thursday, feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 
1 6 14. All I have I give to my sister, Elizabeth Trottman ; 
attested, 9 October, 1614, by John Marshall, John Dogg, 
William Grymes. 

Letters of administration granted, 8 May, 161 5. 

Sentence in suit concerning validity of will between Oliver 

The Trotman Family. 205 

Trotman, Nicholas Trotman, Edith Prowte, Arthur Prowte, and 
Margaret Neale, consangainei, against the legatee, Elizabeth 
Trotman, in which the former were ordered to pay the costs. 

P.C.C. Rudd, 21. 

Alexander Traiman, of Dursley, tucker. My son, William 
Trotman ; my wife, Elizabeth Trotman, to have the residue ; my 
daughter, Elizabeth Trotman, under 21; my wife to be executriz : 
my brother, William Trotman and others to be overseers. 

Proved at Gloucester, 22 April, 161 5. 

This will is much decayed. 

Edward Tro/man, of Slymbridge, yeoman, 11 May, 161 8. To 
Marie Tratman, my eldest daughter, ^60, under 2 1 ; my daughter, 
Alse; younger daughter, Alice, £4.0, under 21. Residue to 
Richard Trotman, my son and heir. He to be executor. 
Overseers — Thomas Davies and Richard Trotman, my brother 
and brother-in-law. To my son, Edward, my right in a lease, 
dated, 12 Oct., 2 Edward VI. Witnesses — ^John Wilkins, 
Thomas Wilkins, and William England. 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 June, 161 8. 

Edward Tratman^ of Hawkesbury, yeoman, 15 Sept., 161 8. 
To Olive Tratman, my son, ;f 10 ; to Rychard, son of Nycholas 
Tratman, £^0, out of my mills at Kilcot, at the age of 18. 
Similar legacies to Thomas, Edward, and Nycholas, sons of 
Nycholas Tratman; my son, Nicholas Tratman, senior, to be 
executor. Overseers — my brother William Tratman, and Arthur 
Ismeat. Witnesses — ^Jo. Cooper, William Tratman, and Arthur 

Proved at Gloucester, 9 July, 161 8. 

Ann Trotman^ of Wanswell, Berkeley, widow. To Thomas 
Trotman, son of my son George Trotman, £60, in the hands of 
my son, William Trotman, (Thomas Trotman under age); to 
the son of my son William Trotman, and to Thomas Morse, 
IPS. each ; the children of my son-in-law, Richard Browninge, 
and the children of my son-in-law, John Sergeaunt, under age ; 
my son, Nicholas, owes me £^0j and he is to pay to each of his 
two children, £s ; to my son, George Trotman, £20 ; to my son, 
William, silver salt, etc.; my daughters, Marrian Browning, 
Ann Calow, Mary Morse, and Ursula ; to Ursula, my wedding 
ring ; Anne Trotman, wife of my son, William ; Richard Smyth, 
son of my son-in-law, Matthew Smyth at Wanswell; Sarah 
Smyth, wife of Thomas Smyth; to the poor of Dursley and 

2o6 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

Berkeley, 20s. each ; my son-in-law, Matthew, to be executor. 
Overseers^— my cousins, Thomas Tyndall, of Stinchcombe, and 
John Trotman, of Upper Cam. Witnesses — ^William Trotman, 
George Trotman, Ursula Smyth, Thomas Smyth. 
Proved at Gloucester, 16 Dec, 161 8. 

William Tra/man, of Dursley, clothier, 10 Dec, 1619. To my 
daughter, Margerye Tratman, £$0 at 16, or at marriage ; my son, 
John Tratman ; my father, William Tratman, now living ; to my 
son, John, the house I bought of my father William ; to the 
poor of Dursley, los. ; Mr. Hallowes; my wife, Margaret 
Trotman, to be executrix and residuary legatee. John Tyler, 
my father-in-law, John Harding, John Tratman, and Richard 
Merrick, to be overseers. Witnesses — Samuel Hallowes, and 
Richard Burton. 

Proved at Gloucester, 25 March, 1620. 

William Trotman, of Wotton-under-edge, yeoman, made his 
will, nuncupative, 10 April, 1620. To William Trotman, his son, 
he said, " Sonne, I have stayed until your return from London." 
He delivered his box of writings, etc., to him, and told him he 
would be worth, after payment of his debts, ten or twenty 
pounds. Witnesses — Robert Trotman, his son, Arthur Hixe, 
and Walter Griffin. 

Proved at Gloucester, 26 August, 1620. 

William Trotman, of Woodmancott, Dursley, clothier, 17 
May, 1620. Having passed the age of three score and fifteen 
years. To the poor of Dursley, los. ; to my sons, Richard, 
Thomas, and James, and my daughters, Joan and Edith, £'^s a 
piece; Cicily, my now wife, shall have the education of my 
children. She to be sole executrix. Overseers — Richard 
Tyler, of Kingswood, and Richard Tippetts, of Dursley, 
clothier. Debts owing to me, Richard Tippetts, £ii, William 
Harding, £1$, James Attwood, £(>. 

Proved at Gloucester, 6 Dec, 1621. 

Richard Trotman, of Slimbridge, yeoman, 6 Feb., 1619. 
Daughter, Alis Tratman, land which I bought of Richard 
Horrowde, remainder to Edward Trotman and his heir; son 
Edward ; son John ; daughter Edith ; wife Elizabeth, executor. 
Overseers — Mr. Lawrence, preacher, Thomas Davies, of 
Slimbridge; Witnesses — Thomas Davies, James Child, James 
Warner, Annis Horrowde, Mary Trotman, John Summers, 
Richard Robert Gassard. 

Proved at Gloucester, 6 August, 1622. 

The Trotman Family. 207 

Richard Trotman^ of Cam, clothier, 29 June, 2 Chas., 1626. 
40s. to the poor of Cam; 40s. to the poor of Dursley; my 
daughter Martha ; my daughter Catherine ; residue to my son 
Robert, he to be executor. My son John Trotman and Daniel 
Harding my son-in-law, to be overseers. Signed with the 
mark of Richard Trotman. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 Aug., 1650. 

Anne Trotman^ of Cam, widow, 21 Oct., 1635. Samuel 
Trotman, gent., my son, about to start for London; my grand- 
child, Anne Haynes and her mother, the wife of Richard 
Haynes, and her sister, Margaret Luffingham ; my grandchild, 
Sibill Trotman; my grandchild, Charles Trotman; my god- 
children, Anne and John Trotman ; my daughter, Ann Harvy ; 
my daughter, Sicely Haywood ; my daughter, Joane Trotman ; 
Mr. Daniel Watts, my brother, and his daughter, Susan Watts ; 
Edward Trotman, my son Richard's son ; my sons, Edward and 
Throckmorton ; my grandchild, Edward, son of Edward Trotman ; 
the poor of Cam and Dursley ; Mrs. . Margaret Trotman, my 
sister; my daughter-in-law, Anne Sellwyn; my son, Thomas 
Trotman's wife. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1635. 

Susanna Truffman, of Hawkesbury, widow, s Nov., 1 1 Chas., 
1635. To my sister, Elizabeth Bence, my best smock; my 
brother, Julian Longden ; my sister-in-law, Elizabeth Longden ; 
my daughter, Margaret Davis; Thomas Davis, the younger; 
Sara Longden, daughter* of Julian ; Richard Bence, the younger ; 
Margaret Bence; my son, Edward Tratman; my daughter-in- 
law, Ann Tratman; Henry Trattman, son of Edward; Sara, 
daughter of Edward; my son-in-law, Richard Trattman; my 
daughter-in-law, Martha Trattman; Nicholas and Thomas' 
Trattman, sons of Richard ; my son-in-law, Thomas Venn ; my 
daughter-in-law, Katherine Venn; my son-in-law, Thomas 
Trattman ; my daughter-in-law, Margaret Trattman : my kins- 
woman, Elizabeth Domey; my kinswoman, Mary Androw^s. 
Residue to my son, Nicholas Trattman. He to be executor. 

Proved at Gloucester, 12 Jan., 1635. 

George Trotman^ of Berkeley, yeoman, 22 July> 1636. Legacy 
to the poor of Berkeley borough ; Thomas Trotman, my son ; 
William Thomas, my son-in-law; to my son, Thomas, my 
books, except Bible, which I bequeath to my daughter Anne ; 
my said son is beyond seas, in a merchant's voyage. Trustee 

2o8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

for him meantime, my kinsman, Thomas Smyth, of Wanswell, 
gent. If he die before he return — to my daughter ; I have two 
silver spoons, given him at his baptism ; to my daughter, Anne, 
house, &c., in Berkeley, bought of George Thorp, Esq., deceased, 
Matthew Smyth, gent., Thomas Smyth, his son, and John 
Phelpes, or some of them, and my household goods which I 
had before my last marriage, by inventory, 2 April, 1633, she under 
age ; my daughter-in-law, Mary Thomas ; Anne, my wife, to be 
executrix and residuary legatee, and to prove within three 
months ; if not, she is to have only goods belonging to her in 
widowhood ; my loving friends, Thomas Smyth and John Smyth> 
of Nyble, clothiers, to be overseers. [Witnesses torn off.] 
Proved at Gloucester, 3 Oct., 1636. 

Edward Trohnany of Cam. My wife, Margaret ; Nicholas, our 
son, lands in Came and Slimbridge. Recites deed of feoffment 
indented, dated 26 Aug., i Chas., [1625], between me and 
Thomas Trotman, of North Nibley, clothier, my brother, 
of the one part, and Thomas Tayloe, of Stroud, yeoman, 
and Maurice Trotman, of Brodstone, in the parish of 
Barkley, yeoman, of the other part, in trust for Margaret, my 
wife, and Nicholas, our son, as therein mentioned. Samud 
Trotman^ Esq., my kinsman, Thomas Trotman, Samuel Webb> 
my brother-in-law, and John Pumell, to be overseers; my 
kinswoman, Susanna Harbone. Witnesses — Edward Trotman, 
the marke "R" of Richard Parke, William 

The date of the will and the probate is lost, 
but the will, which is at Gloucester, is calendared 
in 1638. The testator's seal, showing his 
merchant's mark, remains, and of it we give a 

John Trotman^ of Bradston, yeoman, 5 May, 1631. John 
Champneys, son of my sister, Elizabeth Champnies ; Elizabeth, 
her daughter; my sister, Katherine Morrall; my sister, Sarah 
Hathway; my sister, Mary Trotman; to John George, of the 
Grove, in Eckington, Isabel, his wife, and Mary, their daughter, 
rings, with the motto, ** Remember thie end;** Joane, daughter of 
John George ; this bequest to pay for testator's stopping at his 
house about three weeks; Catherine Thayer, my aunt; my 
executors, my loving friends and kinsmen, Samuel Smith, of 
Wanswell, gent., John Baker, of Clapton, yeoman, and Arthur 


The Trotman Family. 2og 

Champnyes, of Hill ; to be for the benefit of Samuel, my brother, 
until! he is 21. He is then to be executor. Recites the will of 
Maurice Trotman, my late father, deceased ; John Trotman, of 
Stinchcombe, and Samuel Trotman, of Stancombe, gent., 
Overseers. Witnesses — Richard Pope, Tobias Hathway, Samuel 

Proved at Gloucester, 25 July, 1639. 

Maurice Trotman^ of Bredstone, in the parish of Barkley, 13 
Oct., 1638. To Samuel, my son, lands at Swanley, and at 
Littleham ; my daughters, Katherine, Sara, and Mary ; to my 
brother Samuel, and John Trotman, my kinsman, both of 
Stinchcombe, lands in Slimbridge, which I purchased of William 
Adey, in trust to raise portions for daughters; my daughter, 
Elizabeth Champneys; other five of my children; Signed 
Maurice Trotman, "M," his mark. Witnesses — Edward Trye, 
Thomas Bayly, Thomas Morse, John Wilkes. 

Proved at Gloucester, 28 July, 1639. 

Edward Trotman^ of Cam, fuller, 26 June, 1638. Memorandum, 
that I give to Agnes Trottman, my mother, for her motherly love, 
care, diligence, and expense upon me for physick, &c., in this- 
my great and languishing sickness, £\o\ also the legacy to me 
in the last will of my deceased grandfather, Edward Trottman. 

Proved at Gloucester, 22 June, 1641. 

John Trotmatiy the elder, of Cam, 18 March, 1640. My 
daughter, Johan, wife of Thomas Domey ; my daughter, Cicely, 
wife of John Shewell; my godson, John, son of Thomas 
Domey ; Anne Trotman, wife of my son, Henry Trotman, and 
her daughter, Margaret ; John Trotman, my godson, eldest son 
of my said son, Henry Trotman ; Margaret, my now wife, to be 
executrix ; my two youngest daughters, Katherine Tomlinson 
and Anne Hickes; Henry Trotman, Thomas Domey, and 
John Dorney, his son, to be overseers 

Proved at Gloucester, i Feb., 1641. 


Ashelworth clergy and their families.— This information 
relating to the vicars of Ashelworth and their families during the 
period 1595 to 1770, is gathered from the parish register: — 

1595. — ^The seventh day of June, was Roberte Hannis inducted 
vicar vnto the church of Ashelworth, anno 1595. 

210 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1619. — Roberte, sonne of Thomas Hann3rs, bapt. i April, bar. 

25 May. 
1619. — Ann, daughter of Thomas Hannys, bapt. 29 March. 
1622. — Robert Hanis, vicar, bur. 15 March. 
1598. — ^Thomas Meakins, clerke (late vicar of Ashelworth), 

bur. 23 June. 
161 1. — Thomas Whopper, clerke, bur. 24 March. 
1630. — Abraham, son of Abraham Haghe, bapt. i February. 
1633. — Isaac, son of Abraham Haige, cler., bapt. 18 October. 
1635. — ^Jacob, son of Abraham Haige, cler., 13 October. 
1638. — Abraham Hage, bur. 2 January. 
1638, — ^The third day of November, was Richard Tomson 

inducted vicar into the church of Ashelworth, and to 

all the rights therevnto belonging by me Edm. 

Attwood, rurall deane of the deanery of Gloucester. 
1639. — Mary, daughter of Richard and Mary Tomson, bapt. 

15 September. 
1 641 . — Richarde Tomson, sonne of Richard and Mary Tomson, 

bapt. II April. 
1643. — Maiy, daughter of Mr. Richard Tomson, vicar, bur. 

2 December. 
1643. — ^Thomas, sonn of Mr. Richard Thomson, vicar, bur. 

20 October. 

1643. — Matthew, sonn of Mr. Richard Tomson, vicar, bapt. 

28 January. 
1645. — George, sonne of Richard and Mary Tomson, bapt. 

21 October. 

1648. — ^Elizabeth Tompson, daughter of Richard Tompson, 
vicar of Ashelworth, bapt. 14 August. 

1648. — Memorandum, that Richard Tompson, of Ashelworth, 
in the county of Glocester, came before mee and 
tooke the oathe for keeping the Register of the parish 
aforesayd, and did shew mee a certificate of being 
chosen by a generall consent of the parish, which 
oathe was taken the twenty-first day of November, 
1653, by mee, 

Markb Geines. 

William Surman, One of the Justices of the Peace, 

yeoman, junior. 

1657.— Ann, daughter of Richard Tompson, bur. 20 May. 
1 67 1. — Richard Tompson, clerke, vicar of this p'ish, bur. 7 


Ashelworth Clergy. 2\\ 

1 6^2. — Matthew Tomson and Jane Wight, married 28 January. 
1 5y J . — ^Vicessimo sexto, die Decembris, an'o dom 1 67 1 , indnctus 

fuit Edwardus Fidkin, clericus, vicariam et ecclesiam 

parochialem de Ashelworth, dioce. Glouc. 
1 71 6. — ^August 3, John Harper, was inducted vicar of 

1724. — ^Joseph Gegg, inducted vicar 25 January, by the Rev. 

Mr. Whinfield. 
1770. — ^James Edwards, clerk, B.A., was inducted vicar of 

Ashelworth, June 8, 1770, by the Rev. Dr. Josiah 

Tucker, dean of Gloucester. 
St. Julia's, Cheltenham. CONWAY DiGHTON. 

The manor of Uley. 

A serious misstatement occurs in the last edition (1889) of 
Kelly's " Gloucestershire Directory," which it may be as well 
to take occasion to correct. It is there stated: — "There are 
two manors in this parish, of which Lord Fitzharding, F.S.A., 
and Mrs. Stoughton, of Owlpen, are respectively Lord and Lady." 

The statement is wholely incorrect, for neither Lord Fitzharding 
nor Mrs. Stoughton, have ever owned any manorial rights in any 
Uley manor, and, as a matter of fact, no manor exists in the 
parish. Anciently, that is as long ago as the time of Queen 
Elizabeth, there were two reputed manors in the parish, 
respectively known as White Court, and Bassett's Court, though 
whether they held any courts, or exercised any manorial functions, 
is a matter of doubt. We suspect that they fell into desuetude at 
an earlier date. 

In 1566, Richard Berkeley, of Stoke Giifard, who owned White 
Court, which was probably the principal manor, parcelled out 
the whole of it amongst thirteen feoffees, reserving to himself a 
chief rent from each, and appointing as a bailiff or reve to 
collect the rents, Giles Browning, feoffee of Wresden. It is 
important to observe that he granted to this Giles Browning, " as 
much of the lordship of Uley as doth belong to a farundel of 
ground," and no doubt he made similar grants in proportion to 
their holdings to the other feoffees. By this action on his part, 
he practically destroyed the manor of Uley, at any rate he 

212 Glotccestershire Notes and Queries. 

divested himself of his manorial rights. These chief rents, which 
he reserved, with the exception of 15s. conveyed to Thomas 
Dancey, of Uley, his grandson, Richard Berkeley, sold to John 
Pumell, of Woodmancote, and the latter's son, William Pumell, 
sold these chief rents to Thomas Daunt, of Owlpen. Bat the 
Daunts to whose possessions in Uley, Mrs. Stoughton, of Owlpen, 
has succeeded, it will be observed, never possessed any manorial 
rights in Uley. Such manorial rights as do exist, are vested in 
the numerous representatives of the thirteen freeholders, who 
purchased from Richard Berkeley in 1566. They, and not Mrs. 
Stoughton, are the real successors of the " Lord of the Manor of 

Bassett's Court arose in the time of Henry III., and was the 
dowry of Margaret Berkeley, a daughter of Thomas Lord Berkeley, 
who married Sir Anselm Bassett. It continued in the 
possession of the Bassett family about five hundred years, 
until in the middle of the last century it was parcelled out, and 
its very site is now unknown, and indeed the name no longer 
exists in the parish. 

It will thus be seen that all manorial rights in Uley have long 
since disappeared. Some years ago, a dispute arose about 
the public user of the " washpool," a place in Uley, where the 
sheep were washed, and some of the exponents of public rights 
in the parish, appealed to Lord Fitzharding to intervene as lord 
of the manor. This he did not do, for the very suflScient reason 
that he possessed no manorial rights in the place. At that date, 
the late Mr. J. H. Cooke, F.S.A., was Lord Fitzharding's land 
agent, and we may rest assured that that skilled antiquary would 
not have allowed the exercise of any such manorial rights on the 
part of Lord Fitzharding to become obsolete, had any such existed. 

F. L. M. R. 

An Old Tobacco Song. — A full account of this old song is 
given in Fairholt's Tobacco : its History and Associations^ and it may 
interest the readers of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries to have 
an abridgment of it. [see also pp. 32 and 162 ante,'\ 

Mr. Chappell, in his Popular Music of the Olden Time^ says that 
the earliest copy of this song which he had seen was in a 

An old Tobacco Song. 213 

manuscript volume of poetry, transcribed during the reign of 
James L, and kindly lent to him by Mr. Payne Collier. The 
song which bore the initals G.W., supposed to refer to the poet 
George Wither, is as follows : — 

Why should we so much despise 
So good and wholesome an exercise ? 
As, early and late to meditate, 
Thus thmk, and drink tobacco. 

The earthen pipe, so lily white, 
Shows that tnou art a mortal wight ; 
Even such — and gone with a sm^ touch, 
Thus think, and drink tobacco. 

And when the smoke ascends on high. 
Think on the worldly vanity. 
Of worldly stuff— tis gone with a puff. 
Thus think, and drink tobacco. 

And when the pipe is foul within. 
Think how the soul's defiled with sin ; 
To purge with fire it doth require. 
Thus think, and drink tobacco. 

Lastly, the ashes left behind. 
May daily shew to tnove the mind ; 
That to ashes and dust, return we must : 
Thus think, and drink tobacco. 

What we now call smoking^ was in the reigns of Elizabeth and 
James, generally termed drinking tobacco, from the habit copied 
from the Indians of inhaling the vapour, and then allowing it to 
escape by the nose. 

Several copies of Wither's song, with the first stanza changed, 
and other variations, bear the date 1670. In Merry Drollery 
Complete^ (1670) it commences "Tobacco that is withered quite." 
On broadsides, dated the same year, and having the tune at the 
top, the first line is "The Indian Weed withered quite." In 
1666, it appeared in its present form in Pills lo purge Melancholy , 
commencing thus : 

Tobacco's but an Indian weed, 

Grows green at mom, cut down at eve ; 

It shows our decay, we are but clay. 

Think of this when you smoke tobacco, &c., &c. 

Afler the Pills, it was printed with alterations, and the addition 
of a very inferior second part, by the Rev. Ralph Erskine, a 
presbyterian minister, in his Gospel Sonnets. His version is still 
in print among the ballad-vendors of Seven-Dials, and a copy 
of it is contained in Songs and Ballads of the Peasantry of England 
by J. H. Dixon. In the Rev. James Plumptre's Collection of Songs 

2 14 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(1805), Tobacco is an Indian weed, was adapted to a tune by Dr. 
Hague, and about 1830, the late Samuel Wesley again re-set the 
words to music of his own composition. 

St. Julia's, Cheltenham. CONWAY DiGHTON. 

Chester and Howard. — (See vol. iv., pp. 5, 7). Thomas 
Chester and I-ady Henrietta Howard were married at Henbury. 
Under the heading "Weddings in y* yeare 1721," in the register 
of that parish is this entry: — "Tho. Chester, Esq., and y* Lady 
Henrietta Howard, mar. Sep. 26." Lady Henrietta's brother, 
Charles William Howard, seventh Earl of Suffolk, and 2nd Earl 
of Bindon, married Arabella, daughter and co-heir of Sir Samuel 
Astry, of Henbury, Knight, and died at his seat there in Feb., 
1722, aged 25. {^HisioriccU Register, 1722, vol. ii., p. 12). 

In March following. Lady Henrietta Chester died, " setatis suae 
19 years," and was buried in Almondsbury Church.* 

Thomas Chester, who died in 1763, was the last descendant in 
the male line of the Chesters of Bristol, Almondsbury, and Barton 
Regis, who were descended from Henry Chester, merchant of 
Bristol, and sheriflf of that city in 1470-71. The present repre- 
sentative of the family is Colonel Chester Master, of The Abbey, 

Redland. WiLLIAM GeORGE. 

The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, edited by 
John Ward Dean, M.A. Boston, Mass., U.S.A., published by 
the New England Historic Genealogical Society. Vol. XLV., 
Oct. 1890. 8vo. 

This excellent periodical continues to bear evidence of the 
keen interest taken by Americans in the pursuit of family history. 
In each part is the portrait and biography of some eminent 
member of the New England Historic Genealogical Society. 
This time is given a finely engraved portrait of Hon. Dr. Frederick 
Billings, who claimed descent from the Northamptonshire family 

* The mistake in the year of death, "1732," in vol. iv., p. 7, has been 
corrected in the " Corrigenda'* of the vol. 

Book Notices. 215 

of that name. The bulk of this work of course is purely 
American, but some articles will interest English readers. Our 
own readers will be interested in a copy of the will of Charles 
Hoare, of Gloucester, which is annotated by the Hon. G. F. Hoare, 
LL.D. Charles Hoare's son Leonard was president of Harvard 
College, and many of this family seem to have taken a prominent 
position in America. It may be well to note that Winchcombe 
in the annotation is misspelt Windscombe. Mr. H. F. Waters 
continues his genealogical gleanings in England, which in this 
present number have an interest for Gloucestershire readers, on 
account of the wills he prints relative to the Tryes of Breadstone. 
In a tabular pedigree, Mr. Merrill, of Haverill, Mass., traces his 
ancestors for seven generations, and has adopted a novel method 
of arrangement, parents and children being placed in horizontal 
lines, while husbands and wives are placed in vertical columns, 
and the remoter ancestors are placed to the left hand. It is 
well worth careful study, for we are inclined to think that with 
some slight modifications, it may, for recording ascendants, be a 
more workable form than that usually adopted. It is really 
unnecessary to commend this New England Register, and it says 
much for the thoroughness with which Americans pursue their 
genealogical studies that in England, we so far do not possess 
any periodical which will bear comparison ¥dth it. 

Report of the sixth annual reunion of the Eaton family associatum^ 
held at Boston, August igth, i8go, 8vo., pp. 36. New Haven : 
Tuttle, Morehouse & Taylor, printers, 1891. 

The family association is exclusively an American institution, 
at least we are not aware of any similar one in this country. These 
associations are partly social and partly historical in their objects, 
and appear to meet with much favour. At this sixth annual 
meeting of the Eatons, no less than 1 54 persons were present. 
The appendix contains a valuable report on the Eatons of Dover, 
England, by professor Daniel C. Eaton, and a genealogy of the 
first four generations of the descendants of the emigrants John 
and Anne Eaton, of Salisbury, Mass. The pamphlet is nicely 
printed, but we miss the convenience of chart key pedigrees. 

Tht Gentleman* s Magazine Library: being a classified collection 
of the chief contents of the Gentleman* s Magazine from ly^i to 
1868, English topography. Edited by G. L. Gomme, F.S.A. 
London: Elliot Stock, 1891, 8vo., pp. viii., 372. 

It was a happy idea which led to this series being issued, and 
the editor and publisher alike deserve well of the antiquarian 
world. It is impossible to exaggerate the convenience of having 
the contents of the Gentleman's Magazine placed ready to hand 
in this convenient form. The volume now before us is an 
excellent specimen of the scheme. It deals with the three counties 
of Bedfordshire, Berkshire, and Buckinghamshire, and comprises 

2 16 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

all the topographical articles which are of any value. Of course 
everything which Sylvanus Urban admitted to his pages was not 
worth reprinting, but omissions in the text are always indicated, 
and articles wholly omitted are mentioned at the end of each 
county, but these are not many, being but fourteen for the three 
counties. We can cordially recommend the volume, which is 
very nicely printed, and we shall look forward, as will our readers, 
to the one containing Gloucestershire. 

WE have received from time to time various local magazines 
having similar objects to our own. Amongst these are : — 
Leicestershire and Rutland Notes and Queries^ now in its second 
volume. It is well printed, and contains some very good 
illustrations. We must especially commend the views of Seaton 
and Manton churches, which alone should ensure a good local 
circulation: — Bygones^ which relates to Wales and the border 
counties. It is evidently from a local paper, and though it 
contains much valuable antiquarian matter, there is too much of 
current topics which, though right enough in a newspaper, 
should be omitted in such a reprint as this. An obituary notice 
of Earl Granville, and the fact that Lord Penrhyn's keeper 
trapped some otters last March, is mere " padding. There is 
so much really valuable information in * Bygones^ that it is a pity 
to see it thus disfigured. We are also inclined to think that the 
rough paper adopted, does not improve the appearance of the 
newspaper type from which it is printed : — Mr. Horsefall Turner 
has done well to amalgamate his four Yorkshire magazines into 
one, but the title Yorkshire County Magazine is a grotesk one ; 
why the surplusage of * County } ' surely " Yorkshire magazine *' 
would have been better ? As the magazine is a cheap one, and 
contains much valuable matter, it should be sufficiently supported 
by Yorkshiremen to allow the editor to improve the typographical 
appearance of the magazine which is scarcely good enough for 
so important a district as Yorkshire: — Northamptonshire Notes 
and Queries, under the editorship of Mr. C. A. Markham, still 
maintains its past reputation ; it is nicely printed and illustrated, 
but we wish the editor would date each issue, and that the 
binder would not spoil each number by his barbaric method of 
stitching the sheets: — Lincolnshire Notes and Queries has just 
completed its second volume, and with the next part, will enter 
its fifth year ; the typography is most tasteful, and does credit to 
the local printer whose work may well serve as a pattern to other 
magazines. We regret to observe that Mr. Grange retires from 
the post of co-editor with Mr. Hudson, a partnership which has 
existed since the commencement of the magazine; his place 
will be taken by Dr. Mansel Sympson. 



An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the local history and antiquities of the 
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Edited by W. P. W. Phillimork, M.A., B.C.L. 

Part IV. ready shortly, price 2s. Annual Subscription, 5s. 6d. post free. 

London: Elliot Stock. 62, Paternoster Row, E.C. 


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Notes and Queries, 


Uley Barrow or Hetty Pegler's Tump. 

AMONG the many objects of pre-historic interest in 
Gloucestershire, the long barrow at Uley, known locally 
as Hetty Pegler's tump, is one of the most important ; it has 
been the subject of controversy between the older archeologists 
who looked with distrust upon any relics of antiquity much 
earlier than the Roman period, and the modern school whose 
investigations have placed beyond the region of doubt, the fact 
that man has inhabited this country ages before the archeologists 
who wrote at the early part of this century would have even 
dreamt of admitting; since then, the evidence, geological, 
archeological, and philological, has accumulated to such an extent 
that we may now look back through the long vista of the past, 
and observe, if not the earliest traces of man's existence, at 
least the gradual steps of human progress, though with • many 
apparent pauses and even recessions, as mankind in this country 
advanced from a condition of savagery to barbarism, until in 
the fullness of time, the higher civilization of the present was 

VOL. V. Q 

220 Gloucestershire Notes and Qturies. 

When the mass of facts had been brought together for the 
purposes of study as a whole, there was still need of 
generalisation and classification before their true significance 
could be realised. It is due to the Danish savants, Nilsson and 
others, that it was demonstrated that before, but how long 
before we do not know, the invasion of Caesar (when his legions, 
as well as the British hosts were armed with iron weapons), there 
was a period when the tribes inhabiting Great Britain, and in 
fact North Western Europe generally, had not discovered that 
such a metal as iron could be procured from the rocks, but 
employed bronze, a mixture of copper, with a small quantity 
(about one tenth) of tin, for the manufacture of weapons and 
tools. Herodotus, it is true, had written, that in his time, the 
Massagetae, a northern barbarous people, worshippers of the 
Sun and addicted to human sacrifice, used bronze for their battle 
axes and spear heads, &c., but the recognition of a distinct 
bronze age had not been admitted ; still less had it been believed 
that for countless ages, and at a period still more remote all 
over the world, stone, whether as flint or some other rock, was 
the only material used, save wood, bone, and horn or teeth, for 
the fabrication of implements of warfare and of the chase, of 
which men were as much in need at that time as they are to-day. 
After the recognition of this fact, there came the division of the 
stone age into the neolithic age, when the relics of man's handy 
work are found associated with the remains of animals still living in 
historic times, and those far more ancient stone implements, 
which are found in company, and sometimes actually in contact 
with the bones of animals, which have either become extinct, or 
have migrated mostly to the more northern regions, and to 
which the term paleolithic is applied; with this earliest 
condition of savagery, we need not here concern ourselves, for 
it is in relation to the neolithic period that the old burial mound 
at Uley is of importance to archeologists ; we have there, as 
shown by Dr. Thumam, whose deductions are now accepted by 
all our leading archeologists a chambered barrow, or place of 
interment of the newer stone age. 

The barrow at Uley is of the long, almost heart shaped form, 
being much longer in its major axis than across; it may 
perhaps more strictly be described as pear-shaped in plan, and in 
general character it assimilates to such chambered long 
barrows in this county as those at Rodmarton, Charlton Abbot, 
Nympsfield, and others, which last is within a mile of it. It 

Uley Barrow or Hetty Pegler^s Tump. 221 

has been after careful investigation classified with the similar long 
chambered barrows of West Kennett, Stoney Littleton, and 
others, with interior walls and chambers, in adjoining counties ; 
and it is probably of the same age as the long unchambered 
barrows, such as Tilshead and others in Wilts and Somerset, in 
many of which implements of stone have been discovered. 
The long barrow at Uley is situated on high ground, as are 
almost all the sepulchral mounds of this class ; they were almost 
always placed on the summits of hills or promontories, from 
which an extended view of the country could be obtained in 
every direction ; son\e of them, like the Uley barrow as will be seen 
ifrom the appended plans, are orientated east and west. The great 
stone circles and monuments at Stonehenge and other so- 
called Druidical relics, are now supposed to be temples or places 
for the worship of the sun, for they are always placed in such 
positions as to obtain a full view of the great luminary in his 
course. Can it be that the builders of these ancient tombs 
had advanced into a similar worship to that of the bronze using 
people ? who, from the fire and solar symbols which have been 
found on pottery, &c., which have been carefully studied by 
M. Chantre, are believed by him and others to have been devotees 
of a fire and solar cult. Even as late as Canute, there was a 
statute forbidding the adoration of the sun and moon, fire, 
fountains, stones, trees and woods, and the councils of the early 
church, A.D. 600 and 700, were strong in their condemnation of 
such kinds of worship. The long barrow at Uley was excavated 
by Dr. Thumam, who with Sir R. C. Hoare, Mr. Cunnington, 
Dr. Bateman, &c., have done so much in the careful opening and 
investigation of the tumuli in the West of England in the same 
way as Canon Greenwell has served the cause of archeology in 
exploring the barrows of Yorkshire. 

* The position of Hetty Pegler^s tump is undoabtedly a striking one. It 
is close to the precipitous edge of the hill, from which may be gained as fine a 
view as can be wished for. The whole valley of the Severn, from the 
Malvern Hills to Bristol, lies before the spectator, and standing on the summit 
of the mound, he may see the distant horizon whichever way he turns, for the 
field in which the tumulus lies is high groimd, much more elevated than the 
neighbouring camp at Uley. It ut in every sense one of the " high places," 
and was doubtless selected for the additional reason of the extended horizon to 
be gained at every point. The tump, perhaps, as Mr. Allen Brown suggests, 
may be connected with solar worship, for it is placed east and west, with the 
entrance to the tomb looking directly towards the rising sun. From its 
conspicuous position being on the very ridge of this hiU, this great barrow can 
readuy be distinguished many miles away down in the vale of Severn, 
standmg out against the sky. — £d. 

222 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In the interior of the sepulchral mound at Uley, as in most 
other long-chambered barrows, is a low wall of stone, laid in 
horizontal courses, faced on the outside ; this wall rarely exceeds 
four feet in any of the long barrows, and is generally from two 
to three feet ; such supporting walls and boundaries to tombs 
are found to occur in the construction of earthen tumuli, even 
almost into historic times ; thus in the Iliad [xxii. 255] we read 
that in rearing a memorial to Patrochus and Achilles : — 

They marked the boundary of the tomb with stones, 
Then filled the enclosure hastily with earth. 

The wall in this case is of an elongated heart shape, with two 
segments or partitions on each side of the entrance leading to 
the chambers at the broad end, the outer wall curving inward to 
the doorway, as seen in the sketch plan while at the other or 
narrower termination, there are three such divisions. In 
common with all long-chambered barrows, the sepulchral 
chambers of the Uley tumulus are at the wide end — two being 
on each side of the way between, which appears to form another 
as it continues beyond the two lateral chambers. The interior 
of the Uley barrow has much in common with, though not exactly 
like, the Park Cwn tumulus in the peninsula of Gower, which con- 
tains a medial way, with two chambers on each side, but the 
latter is wanting in the other interior wall divisions which are 
found at Uley. The entrance is of the same form as the one at 
Gower, Stoney Littleton, and others; the opening or door is 
situated at the broad end, and is formed of two standing 
stones, and one horizontal, which three trilithons are for the 
most part of larger and more massive proportions than any 
others entering into the structure of the chambers. 

" This doorway is found several feet within the skirt or general 
base line of the tumulus, and fills up the bottom of the doubly- 
recurved, heart-shaped, dry walling already described. The 
entrance, varying from 2 J to 4 feet in height, was closed by a 
large stone on the outside," which could be rolled away as 
required, and was itself covered with rubble stone and earth, of 
which the barrow is formed. This is Dr. Thurnam*s description, 
who excavated the barrow, and published a series of papers in 
the ArchsBologia and other publications upon the results of his 

The Uley tumulus was. however, first opened by the Rev. 
William Baker, of Stoutshill in 1822, by permission of Mrs. 

Uky Barrow or Hetty PegUf^s Tump. 223 

Pumell who then owned this property, which, in 1826, she 
devised away from her relatives, together with the neighbouring 
camp at Uley Bury to the Kingscote family. Dr. Thumam's 
papers are, however, of the most importance, not only from his 
more careful examination of the interior, but from his observations 
upon the human remains found therein ; his comparison 
between the skulls of the race he found at Uley, and other long 
chambered barrows, with the human remains found in the [round 
or bowl-shaped barrows which are now generally believed to be of 
the bronze age, being of the greatest importance to the anthro- 
pologist. More often than not, the people of the bronze age 
cremated their dead ; but such skeletons as are met with, are 
found extended ; the latter custom being also in vogue in the 
early iron age. 

At the period when Uley, Rodmarton, West Kennett, and 
many more tumuli were raised, the usual position in which the 
dead were deposited, is squatting or sitting on their haunches ; 
the position in which they probably died. The squatting position 
of rest is the characteristic of all savages and low types of race 
in whatever part of the world they are met with. 

The human remains found in the chambers at Uley barrow, 
had been disturbed since they were placed there ; but, at least 
in one instance, the body had been placed in the same squatting 
or crouched position, as were the six skeletons which were 
diiscovered in the long chambered tumulus at West Kennett in 
the neighbouring county of Wilts, which county has furnished 
the archeologist with many examples of the like form, all 
being of the neolithic age. Neither at Uley barrow, nor at that at 
West Kennett, had the bones been subjected to fire. The six 
skeletons found at the latter place had never been disturbed 
since their deposit : two of them had had their skulls fractured 
during life-time, and Dr. Thumam accounts for this by suggesting 
that they were probably slaves, who in accordance with a practice 
still existing amongst some of the savages of the present day, 
were sacrificed at the funeral of their masters to attend them in 
the spirit world. 

In considering the period when the Uley barrow was made 
and used for sepulchural purposes, it is necessary to bring into 
evidence the contents of other long-chambered tumuli, and to 
review a whole group of barrows which by their characteristic 
form, and the relics found within them, are no doubt of the 
same epoch. These long barrows are, for most part, immense 

22^ Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

mounds, ranging from one hundred to two or three hundred, 
sometimes even nearly four hundred feet in length, with a breadth 
generally of thirty or forty feet,* and from three to twelve feet 
in elevation ; the long chambered barrow of West Kennett being 
not less than three hundred and fifty feet in length, nearly 
equalling in dimensions the unchambered long barrow at 
Tilshead. Some of those which are unchambered have a lateral 
ditch, which is but slightly developed in the chambered mounds, 
and appears to be wanting in the Uley tumulus. Others, like 
the one at West Kennett, were surrounded by large upright 
blocks of stone placed at intervals, forming a peristyle similar to 
those surrounding the topes of India. Dr. Thumam alludes to 
the fact recorded by Aristotle, that the Iberian people which, as 
will be seen later, he supposes to be the dominant race in Britain 
in the neolithic age, were in the habit of placing as many 
upright stones round the tomb of the dead warrior, as he had 
slain enemies. 

Thumam, in the course of his investigations into the long 
barrows of which the one at Uley is so marked an example, met 
with cleft skulls which he believed, as already mentioned, to be 
those of persons who had been sacrificed at the tomb of the 
buried chief. That human sacrifice lingered in Britain to a 
later date than the long barrow period is known, as, according 
to Caesar and Mela, it was in vogue among the Gauls. 

There appears to be no doubt that at the period of the 
long barrows like the one at Uley, funeral feasts were held, 
perhaps inside the chambers, as besides the remains of oxen 
(generally the short-horn Bos longifrons) there are sometimes found 
the bones of the wild boar, the red deer, the roebuck, the goat, the 
horse, and the dog. Thumam says fewer of the bones of 
the ox and the roebuck are found in the chambered than in the 
unchambered long barrows, while those of the wild boar (Sus 
scrofa, ferns) are more abundant. Such bones are met with 
either in the chambers or at the foot of the standing stones at 
the broad end or entrance. Sometimes, however, they are found 
scattered to a considerable depth in the mound itself. 

At the entrance to the chambers at Uley barrow, the lower 
jaws of several wild boars were discovered, together with some 
tusks of great size ; among them was a fragment of tusk which 
"had been cut and perforated for suspension, perhaps as an 
implement, or a trophy, or amulet.'* The bones of a small ox 

* The long batrow at West Kennett is as much as serenty-five feet across. 

Uley Barrow or Hetty PegUt^s Tump. 225 

were found at Uley and Nympsfield among others, though in 
small numbers. It seems clear that domestic animals were 
slaughtered in honour of the dead. At the long barrow at 
Tilshead, two skulls of the Celtic short-horn were found nearly 
perfect ; and in another barrow, part of the skull and the bones 
of the feet, apparently ** as offerings to the manes and other 

Perhaps one of the most interesting results of the exploration 
of the barrow at Uley, was the discovery of some flint implements, 
apparently arrow-heads, and two stone axes, oiie being of flint, 
and the other of polished greenstone. The latter measured 
four inches in length, by two in breadth, and were formerly in the 
museum at Guy's Hospital. They were found near the entrance 
in such a position as to have hardly belonged to any other person 
than the builder of the barrow. Two pieces of very coarse pottery 
were found in the neighbouring barrow at Nympsfield ; one of 
which was scored with impressed marks. 

Taken together, it may be said that the long barrows have 
been found to contain stone objects such as leaf-shaped arrow- 
heads, knives and scrapers, and flakes, all of flint, as well as 
large globular nodules of flint, which have obviously been 
utilized in some way. In one case there was a sort of natural 
bludgeon or club of flint, from one end of which flakes had 
been detached to form the handle. It is worth recording that a 
similar flint club was found near the Stone (or Druidical) Circle, 
near Keswick, and is now in the museum of that town; but 
such flint clubs are not of frequent occurrence. 

The West Kennett barrow was particularly rich in objects of 
stone ; more than 300 flints, chipped by human agency, were 
found, with a beautiful ovoidal knife of flint, ground at the edge, 
3 J^in. in length ; a flint saw with serrated edge ; and ten or twelve 
scrapers or flints, chipped in a curved form at the blade; some 
being tapered at the butts as if for hailing. Other flint imple- 
ments were also found, including a globular flint, chipped all 
over, and flint cores ; also a large sarsen hammer-stone, which 
was probably used in the fabrication of the instruments, with a 
whetstone for grinding ; a few small objects in bone, and a rude 
bead of Kimmeridge shale. No objects bf metal were discovered 
at West Kennett. 

Such a collection as this, serves to illustrate the state of 
human art at the period when the Uley barrow was constructed,, 
as it belongs to the same epoch as the one at West Kennett. 

226 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

rn the long-chambered tumuli at Rodmarton and Walker's 
Hill, very beautifully chipped leaf-shaped arrow-heads were 

The most important part of Dr. Thumam's investigations in 
British barrows, has reference to the forms of the skulls he found in 
them ; indicating the difference of the races who raised the short 
bell or bowl-shaped tumuli, and the long barrows, both chambered 
and unchambered. In the former, speaking generally, bronze im- 
plements, or bronze and iron instruments, are the prevailing objects 
found associated with short broad skulls (brachycephalic), 
the 'remains of a people who generally cremated the 
dead. The latter, or long barrows, were found to contain 
only the remains of a long narrower - headed race (doli- 
chocepalic),* a race of apparently lower type than the former, 
as shown by him, by comparison with numerous skulls of 
savage and more civilized races. Dr. Thumam tells us 
that though he examined more than 20 long barrows, he did not 
find a single brachycephalic skull. It may be generally accepted 
that long barrows are associated with long or dolichocephalic 
skulls, and the round or short tumuli with short, broad, or 
brachycephalic skulls. The skulls found in the Uley barrow 
were in accordance with this determination; they were the 
crania of a long narrow-headed race. 

The investigations of Thurnam, Prof. Wilson, Davis, Busk, 
and others, into the physical character of the people of 
the neolithic age, who have left their relics in the long tumuli, 
as well as in peat mosses, old lake beds, and elsewhere, show 
that the population which used only stone for the manufacture 
of such weapons and tools as required a very hard material, and 
who were unacquainted with metal of any kind, was in the 
remote past, spread all over the British Isles. According to Dr. 
Thurnam, and others, they were small in stature, averaging 5 feet 
5 inches in height, but into other and finer distinctions between 
the crania of the pre-historic people, it is here unnecessary to 
enter. It is enough to show that the skulls of the people who 
erected the mortuary tumulus at Uley were those of a race very 
low in civilization ; a probably savage people, which even down 
to the dawn of the historic period inhabited the Northern and 
Western part of Britain. 

The relative priority or greater antiquity of dolichocephalic 
skulls, over even the lower forms of the brachycephalic skulls, 
• Called kambecepalic or boat-shaped, by Professor Wilson. 


Uley Barrow or Hetty Pegler^s Tump. 227 

OT Otherwise, has been in the past a bone of contention to 
anthropologists, which is not yet ended ; it is, however, generally 
accepted that a long narrow skull, with high superciliary ridges 
and prognathous lower jaw, is the lowest type of human cranium 
yet discovered. The skulls of the long barrows are somewhat 
of that type, but do not reach the lowest part of the series. 
Dr. Thumam, like Prof. Wilson, holds with others, that the 
earliest race of which we have any evidence were dolichocephalic, 
and that the long barrows and many other stone monuments 
were raised in their time, while the brachy cephalic people were 
invaders and more civilized, and this has now been generally 
admitted. Professor Boyd Dawkins and others have identified 
the long narrow-headed race with the Iberic or pre-Aryan race, 
which no doubt before the hordes of Indo-European people 
made their way slowly, wave on wave, were in possession of 
Europe. They were there when the Aryan advanced guard of 
Kelts made their appearance, perhaps armed with better weapons 
of bronze than the Iberic neolithic people, and so drove the 
Iberic tribes, further and further westward and into various comers 
of Europe, where, from geographical position, they have remained 
less intermixed in blood with Kelt, Teuton, Greek, and other 
Aryan people who dispossessed them, than those of their race 
who became absorbed in the conquering hordes. Of these Iberic 
people, the Basques are, and the ancient Aquitani, and Vascones 
were, among others the remnants, in historic times. This retreat 
to the west of the ante- Aryan, or Iberic population of Britain before 
the Kelts, is supported by the fact that Tacitus identifies the 
Silures, a swarthy dark-haired people, with the Iberians. In my 
belief, says Professor Boyd Dawkins, the Iberians of France, and 
Spain, the Silures of Wales, the Ligures, &c., and the small dark 
Etruscans, are to be looked upon as ethnological islands, isolated 
by successive invasions, and he points out that if we could go deep 
enough in past time, we should find that the whole of Europe was 
inhabited by a swarthy non-aryan population, a people to which is 
referred the erection of the long chambered barrows such as Uley, 
and others in Gloucestershire, Wilts, Somerset, and elsewhere, who 
were then in the newer stone age or neolithic state of culture. 

There are abundant reasons for believing that Egypt and 
Assyria were powerful civilised states, with a high culture, and 
using bronze for weapons and tools, and that the people of the 
Mediterranean were far advanced in civilisation when the Iberic 
or other tribes were fighting with stone weapons, and before 

228 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

metal of any kind had come into use in Britain. It is to such a 
period that the long chambered barrow at Uley and others of 
allied form must be assigned. The neolithic age of the long 
barrows, which is now generally admitted, has been disputed by 
a few writers as alluded to at the commencement of this article. 
Ferguson in particular has refused to assign the longchambered 
and unchambered barrows of Gloucester, Wilts, and Somerset, 
a higher antiquity than the Roman period, and he bases his 
objections on the relics of the Roman occupation which have 
been found there. He says that the "tumuli, like Uley, 
Rodmarton, and Stoney Littleton, are all chambered tumuli of 
one age ; all too are close to Roman stations, and surrounded 
by evidences of Roman occupation," to which period he assigns 
them. That there have been secondary interments at Uley, and 
in some of the other long barrows, is certain. Near the 
summit of the Uley mound over the most eastern chamber, there 
has been another interment which may have been of the Roman 
or post Roman period, and beside the osseous remains were 
found some brass coins of Constantine the Great, together with 
broken pottery ; but it is now well known that the original inter- 
ment had been disturbed as already mentioned, and the fact that 
some people entered the chambers, and left objects of later date, 
and that there was another burial at the top of the mound does 
not in any way militate against the far greater antiquity of the 
original mound builders, who deposited their dead there in the 
contracted or squatting position, an attitude in which the human 
remains are never found in the round or bowl barrows where the 
relics of the dead are either cremated or extended, as in modem 
times. It is not surprising, considering the great age of the 
long mounds, that secondary interments should have taken place, 
or that they should have been entered and despoiled, or at least 
the remains disturbed, when we consider the changes in religion 
and customs which have since arisen ; and this argument does 
not lose force, but rather gains it when it is known that 
most of the oldest tumuli have also been found to contain 
secondary interments and objects, accidentally left by succeeding 
races or people. The battle of the flints is well nigh over now, 
and archeologists have long since accepted the classification of 
the past into the stone, bronze, and iron epochs, of which the 
stone age taken in its full sense, carries us back into a remote 
past, where at present we can find no beginning. 

Jno. Allen Brown, F.G.S., F.R.G.S., etc. 

Will of Richard Clutterbuck, of Eastington, A.D. 1583. 

December 17, 1583. I, Richard Clooterbook, of the parish 
of Estington, and in the Countie and Diocese of Gloucester, 
although sick of body» y\ praised be God, of good and perfect 
memory, do make my will in forme following : — 

Unto my son Edward I give one square table boorde, a dry 
boorde, and one bed steede. I bequeath unto my son Richard 
my best broade loome, and half the apparel of the same, and 
my greatest crocke. Item unto my daughter Susanna, I give one 
cowe, and a coffer with a barbed locke. Item I give unto my 
daughter Joane, xl' and a brazen panne. Item unto my son 
John. I give mine other loome, and the other half of the apparel 
with his brother equally to be divided. Item unto my daughter 
Elizabeth, I give xl' and a brasse pan. Item I give unto my 
kinsman, John Haynes the elder, my hackney sadle, my bootes, 
and one long shere pick, and one stale of bees. Item I give 
unto John Haines the younger, mine arrows. Item I give unto 
my brother Walter Clooterbook, my best doublett, and the 
money which he oweth me. Item I give unto Edward Blainche, 
my second doublett, one hatte, a p^ of breeches, and a pair of 
shoes. Item unto John Hobbes, I give one shepe. Item I give 
unto William Hancox, a sworde. Item I give unto Thomas 
Miles my prentice, one shepe. Provided further, and my will is 
that these my legacies bequeathed to be delivered within two 
years next after the day of my decease, except the coffers and 
the brasse pannes, which may at any time be delivered at the 
discretion of mine overseers. Item, if it chance that any of my 
sayed children dye before the time of the deliverance of the 
legacies before mentioned. Then my will is that their parte, or 
the parte of any of them that shall be deceased, be equally 
divided amongst the rest remaininge to live. Item my will is 
that these legacyes unto my children, before bequeathed, after 
the time of deliverance before mentioned, be at the discretion 
of mine overseers bestowed and employed to the best behalf 
and comoditye of my said children until such time that they of 
themselves shall have discretion to use them. All the rest of 
my goods and cattell, moveable and unmoveable, and unbe- 
queathed, my detts and funeral expenses discharged. I give and 

230 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

bequeath unto Margaret my wife, whom I constitute, make, and 
ordayne whole executrix. Item I make and appoint John 
Hobbes, of Pucklechurch, the elder, and William Hancocke, of 
Yate, overseers. Inprimis I owe unto George Chamber x", unto 
Mr. Ball iij' x^ 

No signature. 
Owed unto me, George Harroll, v' x*. 

Witnesses — Hugh Watkins, 
John Haynes, 
John Hay ward. 

Proved at Gloucester, 14th Jan,, ^5^4t fy ^^ executrix. 

The Family of Longden. 

SOME notes on the family of Longden have already appeared 
in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries (see Vol. I., p. 460, 
Vol. n., p. 127, Vol. HI., pp. 36, 214, *44» Vol. V., 37). We 
now give some additional information respecting this surname. 
The name Longden is ancient. In King Beortulfs charter of 
the year 852, Longden is mentioned as a boundary fChronicon 
Monast. de Abingdon /., j/^. Longden Dale is one of the 
Cheshire dales, near Stockport, and on the borders of Derby- 
shire. Did the Derbyshire Longdens (of Ashbourne) spring 
from here? There are also four villages of the name, (i) a 
small village near Shrewsbury, where a very ancient family, 
possibly Saxon, named 'de Longden,* held lands from the 
Conquest to the end of the fourteenth century (see Eyt<nCs 
Antiquities of Shropshire, Vol. VII., 49, 124, 156-171, IX., 51, 94. 
XL, 358); (2) Longden-upon-Tem, also in Shropshire; (3) 
Longden, Staffordshire ; (4) Longden, Worcestershire, about five 
miles from Tewkesbury, and twelve miles north of Gloucester. 

In the year 1482, John Don, mercer, leaves "to Reginald 
Longdon, girdler, certain tenements and shops in Hosyerlane in 
S. Mary-le-Bow for life." Husting Wills, London, II., 583. 

The following Wills and Administrations are at Gloucester. 

Hawkesbury, 1685, Sept. 23. Will of Giles Longden, proved 
by Anne, the widow. 
„ 1686, Jan. 15. Adm. of goods of William 

Longden, granted to widow Elizabeth. 

The Family of Longden. 231 

Hawkesbury, 1730, May 6. Will of Richard Longden, proved 
by Judith, widow. 

Hillesley, 1735, Aug. 3. Will of Judith Longden, proved by 
John Longden. 

Rockhampton, 1744, Oct. 23. Adm. of Wm. Longden, to 
Margaret, widow. 

Lydney, 1745, Nov. 19. Adm. of goods of William Longden, 
to widow, Elizabeth. 

Ozleworth, 1696, Nov. 30. Will of Samuel Longden, proved 
by son, Samuel. 

Gloucester, 1685, Dec. lo. Will of Robert Longden, proved 
by Thomas, his son ; mentions his sons, 
Thomas and John, Thomas's son, Robert, 
John's sons, Robert, John, and Sampson. 
Will dated 19 Nov., 1684. 
„ 1689. Adm. of goods of John Longden, to 

Susannah, his widow. 
„ 1725, April 27. Will of Anne, relict of Thomas 

Longden; mentions son Robert, daugh- 
ters Elizabeth and Mary, friend Thomas 
Webb, brother George Gwinnett. Wit- 
nessed by Richard Gwinnett and Jane 
Crawford. The will is dated 12 April, 
1 71 2; the codicil 30 August, 171 2. 
Between the two dates, the daughter 
Elizabeth married, but the husband's 
name is at present unknown. Seal — 
Arms — 2l chevron between three spears' 
heads. Crest — a horse's head couped, 
holding in the mouth a spear in bend. 
„ 1725. Will of Robert Longden, dated 25 Aug., 

1724. Lucy, the widow, renounced 7 
July, 1725. Witnesses — ^Thomas Crawley 
Boevey, Edward James, and John Weston. 
Seal — ^Arms — on a lozenge, ermine, a 
saltire gules — Lloyd. 
„ 1730, Feb. 3. Adm. of goods of Lucy Longden, 

widow, granted to William Lloyd. 

Chancery Proceedings^ temp. Queen Elizabeth, Vol, II,, p, 168. 
John Longden and Ellen Heaven, executors of Thomas 
Heaven, appear as plaintiffs against the parson of 
Oldbuqr, respecting tithes. 

Notes on the Trotman Family (continued). 

Richard Trotman^ of Slimbridge, yeoman, 17 July, 1640. 
William Trotman, my son; John Trotman, my son; Samuel 
Trotman, my son ; Thomas Trotman, my son ; Edith Trotman, 
my daughter ; Mary, my wife. 

Proved at Gloucester, 12 April, 1641. 

Thomas Trotman, the elder, of North Nibley, clothier, 1 8 Sept., 
1 644. My wife, Susanna, to be executrix and residuary legatee : my 
son, John ; to my three daughters, Elizabeth, Sarah, and Ursula, 
/loo each; to daughter Katherine, £yzo\ to the poor of 
North Nibley, 40/- ; John Smyth, the elder, of North Nibley, 
and William Purnell, now of Nibley, clothier. Witnesses — 
Thomas Hill and Tobias Hathway. 

Proved at Gloucester, 27 Nov., 1644. 

A transcript of this will, certified by Edward Goodman was 
proved in the P.C.C, 17 Nov., 1645. izg Rivers, 

Charles Trotman, of London, i Oct., 1647. To wife, Anne 
Trotman, /^8oo, etc. ; to brother, Edward Trotman, and his 
wife, 40/-, and to the child ; sister, Sible Trotman ; sister, Anne 
Selwyn; my father-in-law, Mr. Richard Sellyn; my uncle, 
Throckmorton Trotman, £$ ; my uncle, Samuel Trotman, to buy 
him a ring ; to my uncle, Thomas Trotman, and his wife, ;^2o ; 
to my aunts, Joane Trotman and Cissly Haywood, 20/- each to 
buy rings; to my cousin, Thomas Trotman, hosier, ;^io; to 
Margaret Trotman, his sister, £s ; to my cousin, Edward 
Trotman, souldier, £^ ; to Sibly Lloyd, 40/-, for a ring ; to 
Humphrey Holman, the debt he oweth me ; my nurse, Webb, 
20/-, to buy a ring ; to the family of William Drew, in or about 
Saul, ;^4o, amongst his wife and children ; " to the poor woman, 
Mrs. Warren's acquaintance, I sometimes give 6d. at a time to, 
;^5" ; to Richard Terrell ; to cousins, English and Packer, and the 
4 sisters, 20/-, to buy rings ; Mr. George Bennett ; Mr. Abraham 
Poore; Mr. Walter Mitchell; Mr. Jasper Selwyn's child in 
Bedford ; Mr. William Jodeyll's sister in the country ; I forgive 
Mr. Andrews and Mr. Drewe, apothecary, all they owe me; 
Mr. John Anthony and his wife, 40/-, to buy rings; Mrs. 
Warren; my mother, "though last, yet very dear to me;" "to 
the man at Andover, whose house was burnt down, I promised my 
cousin Packe to gather for him, I give him 20/- ; " to my man, 
Thomas, my wife, a charge to look him a master, or else give 
him the money I had with him again ; to Thomas, Mr. Mitchel's 
man, 20/-, for a ring, and to Giles and Richard Warren, 20/- 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 235 

each, and to Giles, 20/- more, also to William and George 
Cooper; £1 to old cousin Bawser; to the poor of Dursley, 
£\o\ of Cam, £1, and of Cripplegate, 40/-; to be buried in 
Lothbury Church next my aunt Harvey ; Mr. Thomas Sprigg to 
have 40/- for his pains; my uncle, Throckmorton Trotman, 
overseer ; my wife executrix. Provisions in case his estate fall 
short of estimated value, and abatements to creditors named. 

Proved, 13 Nov., 1647, by Anne the relict. 

P,C,C,y 2^s Fienms. 

William Trotman^ of Buckover, Thombury, yeoman, 17 March, 
1652. To Susanna, my now wife, ;^io; to William Trotman, 
my eldest son, my table board and frame in the parlour, and the 
benches; to William Trotman, Thomas his son, los., at 21 
years of age; to William Trotman, son of John, los., at 21 
years of age ; to Philip Aram, my daughter Katherine's husband, 
IDS.; to Sarah Bissie, wife of John Bissie, 20s.; to his two 
children, los. a piece ; to Elizabeth, my daughter, which married 
without my consent, 20s. ; to the poor people of Thornbury, and 
the tithings of Knighton, Morton and Falfield, 40s. ; residuary 
legatee and executrix, Samuel Trotman, my son. Overseer, my 
well-beloved friend, Guy Lawrence, of Morton, gentleman. 

Proved, 10 April, 1656, by Samuel Trotman, the son. 


Henry Trotman^ late of Cam, gent., 24 Jan., 1661. To my 
wife, Ann, 20s., " to buy she a ring with a death's head upon it ; " 
my daughter, Margaret ; my daughter, Elizabeth ; my son, John 
Trotman's son John, and his daughter; to the poor of Cam, 
I OS. ; names — ^Thomas Porter, Elizabeth, wife of John Parker, 
William Warner, Stephen Davis, Isaack Skillin, and Edward 
Jenkin ; Nicholas Trotman, my son, to be my whole executors. 

Proved at Gloucester, 20 , 1661. 

Samuel Traiman, of Stancombe, 10 May, 1658. My daughter, 
Mary Tratman ; my son, William Tratman ; my daughter, Sarah 
Tratman, under 21 ; to Samuel Tratman, my youngest son, 
under 24, my loom, and lands in Stinchcombe and Nibley ; my 
daughter, Sarah Smith ; my wife to be sole executrix ; my son- 
in-law, Thomas Smith, and his son-in-law, Mr. Quinton, and his 
sonnes my cozens, Samuell and Thomas Smith, to be overseers ; 
my youngest daughter, Sarah, under 21. Witnesses— John 


236 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Nelme, senr., Thos. Tyndall, Thos. Horratt, Wm. Trotman, 
Saml. Trotman. 
Proved at Gloucester, 27 March, r66f. 

Susannah Traiman^ of Pedington, Berkley, widow, 8 May, 
1662. Martha Young and Sarah Young, my grandchildren, 
under 21; Mary Cam; Sarah Nurse (or Nurde?); grand- 
children Lapleys; Clement Lapley, senior, and James, Mary, 
Sarah, Hannah, Deborah, Abigail, and Rachel. Residue to my 
son, Clement Lapley. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1663. 

Edward Trotman^ of Cam, clothier, 3 Oct, 1663. To my 
daughter, Hannah, £i\o\ to daughter, Mary, £1:^0 ;* to daughter, 
Hester, £iso\ and to son, Daniel, £iS0y to be paid them when 
they attain 21 years of age; to my mother, Isabell Trotman, 
;^3o ; £iQ to be paid her on 25 March, 1664, ;^io on 25 March, 
1665, and £10 on 25 March, 1666; the residue to Mary, my 
wife. Overseers, my well-beloved friend, William Nelme, 
Thomas Daniell, and Edward Trotman. Witnesses — ^John 
HoUister and Thomas Daniell. 

Proved, 13 January, 1663. 

Throckmerion Trotman^ of London, merchant, 30 Oct., 1663* 
15 Car. IL My cousin, Edmund Trotman, his daughter in 
vergena (sic), and her mother ; my cousin, Margaret Luffingam, 
and her children; my cousin, Anna Hayns, her children, she 
being dead ; my cousin, Edward Trotman, secondary, and his 
children, by cousin Watts, excepting Edward the eldest; my 
cousin, Sarah Page, and her children; my sister-in-law, Anna 
Selwin ; my sister-in-law, Susan Trotman ; my olde cousin, Sarah 
Poop, wido, of Stinchcombe, and her children; my cousin, 
Sibble Hunt, and her children ; my cousin, Nathaniell Hill, son 
of John Hill, deceased ; my cousin, Edward Mayners, lately, my 
cousin, Edward Trotman, his servant, and his mother ; Thomas 
Hayns, Grosser, of Bristol ; Margaret Blulos, wid., and her son, 
Richard ; Matthew Tindall, of London, Trader in cloth ; Judith 
Golde, wid., sister Trotman's sister ; my sister, Selwin's daughter^ 
Ann Trower; Richard Trotman, of Cam, clothier, the grand- 
childe of Edward Trotman, of the Steips, of Cam; John 
Archer, once my servant; Mr. James Baker, my fackter, att 
Hamburge; Mr. Thomas Goodyeare, one (sic J my Lady 
Moulson's servant ; Miss Abigel Loid, my tenant, her two 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 237 

daughters, Abigail and Sarah; to the campain of merchant 
adventurers of England, ;^6oo, to be used for loans ; the church- 
wardens of Mary Bothaw, London, £'^0 ; to Chints Hospital in 
London, ;^5o ; Thomas Orvard, silke weaver in Little Morfields ; 
my cousin, Joesepe Domey, son of Thos. Domey, of Uly, 
deceased ; ray cousin, Margaret Trotman, sister to my cousin, 
Thomas Trotman, hosier ; Mr. John Dogett, merchant in Bush 
Lane; to the company of Habadashers, London, whereof I 
sholde have bin free if I had taken my freedom; ;f20oo to 
purchase land to the yearly value of ;£^ioo, of which ;^20 a year 
for maintaining a Lecture to be preached every Lord's, day for 
ever, at six o'clock in the morning, in the parish church of St. 
Gyles, Cripelgate, and £io for a Lecture on Thursdays, in the 
afternoon, and 40/- a piece to the clerk and sexton yearly, " for 
theyre paines and attendence the Lecture," &c., &c. ; £^0 for 
ever for the poor of the parish of Cam, where I was bom, yearly, 
towards building an almshouse. ;^5oo to nine ministers: 
Mr. Joseph Churil, Mr. Slater, late of Waping, Mr. Anthony 
Palmer, Mr. Helmes, dwelling in Moorfields, Mr. Thomas 
Brooks, formerly at Fish St. Hill, Mr. Baker, also of Fish St. 
Hill, Mr. Vening, formerly at St. Tueliss (?), Mr. Cocking, 
preacher near Soeper Lane, and Mr. Carter, who used to 
exercise at Great All Hallowes sometymes, alsoe a Schoole 
Master, — in trust for poor ministers put by theyre implojonent. 
To these fore named nyne minesters, or lately were soe, I give 
the inheritance of the house I now dwell in, ten houses I bought 
of Anthony Selfe, for educating poor scholars at the Universities, 
to fit them for the ministry, and " if they cannot be employed in 
England, to send them, if they be good to preach, beyond seas." 
To the company of Habadashers in London, £ 2000, to purchase 
for ever, ;^ioo per ann. ; £1$ per ann., for a Lecture on the 
market day at Durslie, and if ther be a Lecture by sundrie men 
exercised ther allredie, I give it to them for ther incorejment ; 
and/*8o per ann., for a Free school for the youths of Cripelgate, 
and £s for the poor of the company of Habardashers, &c., &c. 
As to residue, two-thirds to my brother, Samuel Trotman, and 
one-third to my cousin, Edward Trotman, sonn of Edward 
Trotman, my brother's sonn the secondarie. Exors., the said 
Samuel Trotman, and my said cousin, Edward the younger, if 
cousin, Edward Trotman, sonn of the said Edw. Trotman, be 
not of age, my cousin, Thomas Trotman, the hosier, to be his 

238 Gloucestershire Azotes and Queries. 

The above abstract is taken from "a copy of the original will, 
and examined therewith, 5 Oct., 1664." It is endorsed, "Testm 
Throgmorton Trotman, gen., p'ochiar de Cam," and " my cozen, 
Throgmorton Trotman's will." 

The copy is now in the possession of the Rev. C. H. Mayo. 

Edward Trotman, of Slymbridge, crodwener, 10 Dec, 1663. 
My son, Richard Trotman; my son, Samuell Trotman; my 
daughter, Mary Trotman ; my daughter, Elizabeth Trotman ; my 
son, John Trotman ; my son. Edward Trotman ; my son, William 
Trotman ; my son, Stephen Trotman ; my son, Daniel Trotman, 
my daughter, Hester Trotman ; my wife, Edith Trotman, to be 
sole executrix; to the child that my son, Richard Trotman's 
wife is with child withal, be it son or dafter, 40s., to be paid by 
my executrix, on the 3rd of May next, if the child doe live. 

Proved at Gloucester, 29 Oct., 1 664. 

Robert Trotman, of Cam, yeoman, 10 Oct., 1664. Sarah, my 
eldest daughter; Robert, my son; Mary, my daughter; Lidia, 
my daughter; residue to my son Daniel; he to be executor; 
Elizabeth Maynard, my grandchild ; my kinsmen, Wm. Nelme, 
Joseph Essington, and Nicolas Trotman, to be overseers. 
Witnesses — Nicolas Trotman, John Essington, Wm. Howet. 

Proved at Gloucester, 9 Dec, 1665 [or 4]- 

Isabella Trotman, widow of Robert Trotman, late of Dursley. 
Sarah Tratman, my daughter. Recites the will of Edward 
Trotman, of Cam, my son, deceased. Elnor, William, Maiy, 
Thomas, Elizabeth, other five of my children. Residue to 
Sarah ; she to be executrix ; Arthur Crewe* and Thomas Russell 
executors ; Saml. Lodge, John Fetwood. 

Proved at Gloucester, 19 June, 1665. 

Nicholas Trotman, citizen and fishmonger, of London, 28 
August, 1665, to be buried in St. Sepulchre's, London, whereof 
I am now a parishioner, (i) I give to Mrs. Elizabeth 6endish» 
daughter of Sir Thomas Bendish, of Bunstone, Essex, Bt., 
;^ioo, to buy a ring with a posy. "-4 remembrance of a real 
friendy' as a remembrance of my true love for her, which I 
desire her to accept and wear ; (2) to my brother, John Trotman, 
of Wotton-sub-edge, clothier, ;^io; to every of his children, 
;^5 each; (3) to my sister, Mary Webb, widow, late wife of 
Nicholas Webb, of Wotton, clothier, £10, etc.; to each of her 
children, £$ ; (4) to Mary, daughter of my brother, Richard 


Notes an the Trotman Family. 239 

Hyett, late of Wotton, clothier, ;^5 ; (5) to my nephew, Richard 
Hyett, son of said brother, of Wotton, clothier, ;^5 ; (6) to 
children of my sister, Katherine Hodges, als. Newark, £$ ; (7) 
to my sister, Mary Freind, wife of Richard Freind, of Dursley. 
;^2o, her husband to have no share in it, and her daughters, 
except Elizabeth ; (8) to said Elizabeth Freind, £so ; (9) to my 
sister, Elizabeth Thurston, £10 \ her daughter, my niece 

Gowland, £10 \ my nephew, her husband, ;^ro, and to 

Thurston, alias eldest daughter of my said sister; (10) 

to my god-son, Nicholas Trotman, son of my brother, William 
Trotman, of Nible, ;^2oo, to be laid out in lands of the yearly 
value o( £10, he now under 21 ; (11) to ray brother, William 
Trotman's other children, ;^ioo each at 21 ; (12) to Mrs. Ellinor 
Fust, daughter of Sir Edward Fust, Bait, of Hill, ;^io, 
"desiring her therewith to buy a ring, and to wear it as a 
testimony of my thanks to her and that family for their kindness 
to me;" (13) to my servants, Ezechiel Neale, and Jarvis 
Wilcocks, ;^io a piece ; (14) to Mr. Jenkins, my button maker, 
;^5, and to Mr. Hull, Mr. Greene, Mr. Wordner, Mr. Sharrock, 
and Mr. Duplett, 40/- apiece; (15) to the children of my 
brother, John Hiett, of Dursley, ;^5 apiece at 21 ; (16) to the 
poor of St. Sepulchre's, London, ;^io ; to be given to loo poor 
people at the discretion of Mr. Bell, churchwarden, and my 
exor., on next St. Thomas' Day; (17) to the poor of Wotton- 
sub-edge "where I was bom," ;^io, to 50 poor people on next 
St. Thomas' Day — "my kindred, if fit objects to receive my 
charity, to be preferred;" (18) "to my very loving friend, 
Mr. Richard Payne, citizen and clothworker, ;^io, to buy him a 
ring, as a grateful acknowledgement to him for the trouble I 
have put him to by these presents ; " (19) to Mr. Bell, our vicar, 
if he shall preach, 50/- ; (20) unto my brother stewards of the 
Gloucestershire feast, my proportion of the expenses thereof, if 
they make the said feast, all except £$, which I have already 
paid Mr. Cooper, as I have his name, our present treasurer ; to 
the parishioners of St. Sepulchre's, 40/-, if they proceed to 
build the watchhouse intended for the constable and watch of 
the said parish. My exors. to pay all the moneys I have in hand 
collected to my partner Staples, within one week after my 
decease. Residuary legatee, my brother, William Trotman, of 
Nibley, clothier. Executors, my brother, William Trotman, and 
loving friend, Mr. Richard Payne. To be buried without funeral 
pomp or blacks for mourning ; persons to be named to be at my 

240 Gloucestershire Kotes and Queries, 


funeral ; to each of them a ring of 10/-, and a sprig of rosemary. 
Witnesses — ^Joseph Weare, Tho. Turner, and Hugh Evans. 
Proved, 28 Sept., 1665, by William Evans and Richard Paine. 

P.C.C, 105 Hyde. 

John Troiman, of Cam, gent., aged, 25 Feb., 1662. My wife 
Elizabeth to be executrix; John, Thomas, Anna, and Mary, 
children of my daughter, Elizabeth; Nathaniel, John, and 
Elizabeth, children of my daughter, Deborah, deceased ; William, 
Thomas, John, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, Mary, and Lydia, children 
of my daughter, Lydia; legacies to the poor of Cam and 
Stinchcombe ; Overseers, my kinsmen, Mr. Wm. Harding, vicar 
of Cam, and Richard Harding, of the same. Witnesses — 
Wm. Harding and Jane Chidwell. Codicil, 18 Jan., 1663. My 
daughter, Lydia, wife of Wm. Pumell. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1667. 

This will is in the handwriting of the vicar of Cam. 

Elizabeth Troiman, late of Cam, now of Dursley, widow. 
3 March, 1667. 

To the poor of Cam and Dursley ; my son-in-law, William 
Purnell, of Dursley, clothier ; my friends and kinsmen, William 
Nelme, of Cam, and Richard Harding, yeomen, to be executors- 
Proved at Gloucester, 1669. 

The Family of Dimock, of Randwick and Stonehouse. 

THE family of Dimock is of some antiquity in the County 
of Gloucester, and no doubt originally took its name 
from the village of Dymock. In the Gloucestershire Subsidy 
Roll of I Edward HL, 1327, printed by Sir Thomas Phillipps, is 

the entry : — •* Villa Glouc, Warda Australis De Hugon. de 

D}'mmok, viijd." 

The name of John Dymmok occurs in a pleading, 1380. 
(Placita de Banco, E. T. 3 Rich. II., rot. 312; Cart. Mon. 
S. Pet., Glouc, Rolls Series, vol. III.) Roger Dimmock, circa 
1390, a learned Dominican Friar, and styled the invincible 
victor of the Wickliffites, is said to be a native of Dymock. 
John Dymoke occurs in 1553 as a copyholder on the Berkeley 
estate, at Cam : he became tenant on 20 August, 13 Hen. VIII. 
In 1630, Thomas Dymmock and Elizabeth his wife were plaintiffs 


The Family of DimocL i4 1 

in an Exchequer suit concerning lands in Stowe and Risington, 
&c. (Exch. Dep. by Coram., Glouc, 6 Car. I. Mich. 36.) In 
the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, members of this family 
were settled at Sisson, Tewkesbury, Uley, Toddington, Standishe, 
Hanna, Gloucester, Pucklechurch, Doynton, Stroud, Stonehouse, 
Randwick, Almondsbury, Bitton, Horfylde, and elsewhere in the 
county ; as appears by wills proved at Gloucester, Bristol, and 
Worcester,and by parish registers and manor court rolls. 

In Archdeacon Furne/s MSS., in the Bodleian Library, 
amongst the "Arms of Gloucestershire Gentry," the arms of 
Dymock of Dymock are given as : — " Argent, a sword erected in 
pale, sable." (Vol. III., fo. 26b., and Vol. IV., fo. 243b.) There 
is no proof however that the family located at Randwick and 
Stonehouse was entitled to armorial bearings. An incomplete 
pedigree of this family may be found in The Genealogist^ II., 181 ; 
the pedigree here given is more complete and accurate. Extracts 
from the Randwick, Stonehouse, and other parish registers, 
appear in the Genealogist^ vols. II., 213, III., 326, and IV., 98. 
The Randwick registers commence in 1662, but are missing from 
1693 to 1725. The gaps, however, are partially supplied by the 
transcripts at Gloucester, which commence in 1607. The earliest 
entry in these registers and transcripts is the baptism of Edward, 
son of Thomas Demock, on 4 November, 1621. 

The first of the family with whom we commence the pedigree 

I. Giles Dimocky of Randwick, Gloucestershire, who was 

living there in 1639, and by Martha his wife, had issue, 

{i) Giles Dimock, of Randwick; Churchwarden of 
Randwick in 1661 ; bur. there 20 Oct., 1680; 
by Sara his wife, who was bur., there 4 Sept., 
1667, he had issue a son, Giles Dimock, bapt. at 
Randwick, 12 Aug., 1661, and bur. there 
20 May, 1666. 

{z) John Dimocky bapt. at Randwick, 2 Feb., 1639. 

(3) Francis Dimocky of whom next. 

(4) Reheckay mar. at Randwick, 6 Aug., 1677, to 

Joseph Millsy and had issue. 

II. Francis Dimock, of Randwick; Churchwarden of 
Randwick in 1682; bur. there 23 March, 1710-11; by 
Mary his wife, who was bur. there 2 Feb., 1705, he had 

( I ) Giles Dimocky of whom next. 


242 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(2) John Dimock, of Randwick, clothier; Church- 

warden of Randwick, 1700 and 1701 ; bapt. at 
Randwick, 9 Feb., 1674; bur. there 29 April, 
1712 ; by his will, dated 2 Apr., 1712, and proved 
at Gloucester, 10 June, 1712, by Rebecca 
Dimraock, widow of Giles Dimmock, brother of 
the deceased, he bequeaths to his brother Giles 
Dimock's wife and her five grandchildren equally 
his personalty, and appoints them joint executors. 

III. Giles Dimock, of Stonehouse, Gloucestershire ; bapt. at 
Randwick, 31 July, 1673; bur. there 18 May, 1711; 
admon. granted by Gloucester Registry, 14 July, 171 1, to 
Rebecca Dimock, his widow; inventory appraised 6, 
and exhibited 14 July, 171 1 ; bond signed by " Rebekah 
Dimmock," of Stonehouse, widow, Tho' Clements, and 
" Jo" Dimmock," of Randwick. He mar. at Stonehouse 
10 April, 1696, Rebecca Jenner, of Stonehouse, and by 
her, who was buried at Stonehouse, 2 Aug., 1726, he had 
issue five children, 

( I ) Giles Dimock f of whom next. 

{z) John Dimocky of Stonehouse ; bapt. there 24 Feb , 
1701 ; by Elizabeth his wife, who was bur. at 
Stonehouse in 1 744, he had issue, 

i. Mary^ bapt. there 19 Oct., 1728, and 
ii. Sarah, bapt. there 4 Feb., 1732. 

(3) (4) and (5) Three children, names unknown, 
legatees under the will of their uncle John 
Dimock in 1 7 1 2. Francis Dimock, of Randwick, 
whose will was proved at Gloucester 18 Nov., 
1752, was probably one of them; and Thomas 
Dimock, of Stroud, who was buried at Randwick, 
8 Dec, 1 749, was probably another. See note 
at end of this pedigree. 

IV. Giles Dimock, of Stonehouse; bapt. there 25 Feb., 
1697 ; bur. there 4 Sept., 1768, m.i., " In Memory of Giles 
Dimock, of this Parish, who died Sept'. — , 1768, aged 71 
years." He mar. at Stonehouse, 3 May, i7r9, Sarah 
Alldrichy and by her, who was bur. there 16 Aug., 1779 ; 
he had issue nine children, 

(1) Mary, bapt. at Stonehouse i Feb., 1719-20; mar. 

there 8 Dec, 1760 to Edward Hogg, 

(2) Giles Dimock, bapt. at Stonehouse, and iMir. theie„ 

aet. 4 days, in 1720. 

The Family of Dimock. 243 

(3) Sarah, bapt. at Stonehouse 1721. 

(4) GtUs Dtmock, of Stroud; bapt. at Stonehouse 
1723; bur. there 7 Feb., 1767; mar. there 24 
Sept., 1749, Mary Hitch, of Stonehouse. and by 
her, who was bur. there 26 June, 1789, he had 
issue eight children, all baptised at Stonehouse. 

i. 5'aniA,bapt. 13 Aug., 1750, and bur. 12 Apr., 1771. 

ii. Betty, bapt. 22 July, 1753, and mar. 16 Oct., 1777, 
to iVilliam Carruthers, 

iii. Maria, bapt. 11 Aug., 1755, and bur. 9 Nov., 

iv. GiUs Dimock, bapt. 12 Dec, 1756, and bur. 29 

Feb., 1783. 

V. Mary, bapt. 3 Dec, 1758. 
vi. Rebecca, bapt. 1765, and bur. 4 May, 1766. 
vii. yohn Dimock, bapt. ii Sept., 1763. 
viii. Hester, bur. 27 Feb., 1773. 

{$) Betty, bapt. at Stonehouse 16 Feb., 1725; mar. 
there in 1748 to William Hitch. 

{d) John Dimock, bapt. at Stonehouse 7 Dec, 1727, 
and bur. there, aet. 1 2 hours. 

(7) Margaret, bapt. at Stonehouse 21 Sept., 1728, and 

bur. there, aet. 1 1 days. 

(8) John Dimock, of whom next. 

(9) William Dimock, oiR^Xid^xck; bapt. at Stonehouse 

10 March, 1731 ; bur. there 18 Dec, 1775; 
admon. granted by Gloucester Registry 6 Jan., 
1776, to Sarah Dimock, his widow. He mar. 
by licence at Stonehouse 30 Oct., 1759, Sarah 
Apperly, of Stonehouse, and by her, who was 
bur. there 9 Aug., 1 779, he had issue, a son, 

i. John Dimock, bapt. at Stonehouse 29 Aug., 1760. 
V. John Dimock, of Bridgend House, Stonehouse, clothier; 
bapt. at Stonehouse 11 March 1729 ; died 21, and bur. 26 
Oct., 1808, at Stonehouse, m.i. He mar. ist Sarah, dau. 
of Thomas Webb, of the Hill, Painswick ; she died 29 
May, 1759, aet. 45, m.i. at Stonehouse. He mar. 2ndlyat 
Stonehouse, 14 June, 1764, Betty, dau. of Nathaniel Cole, 
of CoUiwell, Stroud, by Sarah Andrews, his wife,* and by 
her, who died 17 May, 1822, aet. 90, m.i. at Stonehouse ; 
he had issue four children, 

* Nathaniel Cole and Mrs. Sarah Andrews were married at Stonehouse 15 
Apr., 1725. At Stonehouse are inscriptions to — ^John Andrews, died 8 July, 
1720, aet. 52; Elizabeth, his wife, died 25 June, 1727, set. 58; John Andrews, 
esq., J.P. for Gloucestershire, died 13 June, 1778, set. 76. 


244 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

( 1 ) Nathaniel Dimock^ of whom next. 

(2) Sarah, b. 29 July, and bapt. 8 Aug., 1768, at 
Stonehouse ; died 1 8 Nov., 1 847, bur. at Leonard 
Stanley, m.i. ; mar. at Stonehouse, 24 Aug., 1 786, 
to Samuel Holhraw, of Leonard Stanley, clothier, 
and had issue. He died 14 Apr., 1814, aet. 55. 
[Arms of Holbrow: Azure, a bend ermine, 
between six mullets argent.] 

(3) EHzaheih^ of Berryfield Cottage, Stonehouse; 
b. 18, and bapt. 28 Aug., 1770, at Stonehouse; 
died unm. 12 Dec, 1853, ni.i. at Stonehouse; 
will dated 17 Sept., 1845, proved P.C.C., Jan., 

(4) John Giles Dimock, of whom hereafter. 

YL Nathaniel Dimocky of Bridgend House, Stonehouse ; 
b. 9 Feb., and bapt. 16 March, 1766, at Stonehouse; 
died 22, and bur. 27 April, 1809, at Stonehouse, m.i. He 
mar. ist at Stonehouse, 18 Apr., 1786, Priscilla, dau. of 
Nathaniel Watts, of Stroud, and by her, who died 7, and 
was bur. 13 Oct., 1796, aet. 32, he had issue four children, 

(i) Elizabeth, a Hebrew scholar and authoress, b. 28 
July, and bapt. 21 Aug. 1787, at Stonehouse; 
died in May, 1872; mar. in 1818, to the 
Rev. Walter Birch, B.D., of Magd. Coll. Oxon, 
rector of Stanway, Essex, and of Stanton St. 
Bernard, Wilts, and had issue ; he was bom at 
Thoresby, 1774, and died Dec., 1829. 

(2) Maria, b. 28 Jan., and bapt. 3 March, 1789, at 
Stonehouse; died in Feb., 1841 ; mar. to the 
Rev. Robert McFarlane, B.A., Ball. Coll. Oxford, 
curate of Oakham, Rutland (son of the Right 
Rev. Andrew Macfarlane, Bishop of Ross and 
Argyle, 1769, and of Moray, 1787). He was 
born at Inverness, 1789, died 18, and was bur. 
24 Ap., 1 82 1, at Uppingham, m.i. They had 
issue two daus., Lucy and Jessie^ who died inf. 
and unm. 

{;i) John Dimock, of whom next. 

(4) William Dimock, bapt. at Stonehouse, 5 Ap., 

1793 ; died 31 Jan., 1796, and bur. there, 4 Feb., 


Nathaniel Dimock mar. 2ndly, at Painswick, Ann, dau. of 

William Carruthers, of Brown's Hill, Painswick, and by 

her, who died 7 March, 18 12, aged 37, and was bur. at 

Stonehouse, nLi., he had issue two children. 

The Family of Dimock. 245 

(5) Esther, mar. to the Rev. Charles James, rector of 

Evenlode, and had issue a dau. Anne, who died 
young. She died circa 1836. He died March, 

(6) William Dimock, bapt. at Stonehouse, 16 Feb., 
1802; died at Harrow, 3 Sept., 1819, bur. at 
Stonehouse, m.i. 

VII. John Dimocky of Bridgend, Stonehouse, esq., and after- 
wards of the Rylands, Randwick; b. *at Stonehouse, 
179 1 ; died at Wandsworth, 8 Sept., 1861, aged 70, m.i. 
at Stonehouse ; mar. Emma Rook, dau. of John Parkinson, 
M.D., of Horton, and by her, who died 28 Aug., 1867, 
aged 79, he had issue four children, 

(i) Emma Parkinson Wails Keys, bom Nov. 1821 ; 
mar. by licence at Randwick, 6 May, 1843, to 
Edward Brown, of Croydon, and afterwards of 
Wandswoith, esq., and has issue. He died 

(2) Mary Birch, died 20 April, 1841, aged 18. 

{i)John Keys Dimock, died 18 April, 1839, aged 15. 

(4) Nathaniel Dimock, of whom next. 

VIIL Nathaniel Dimock, M.A., St. John's Coll. Oxford, 
rector of Wymynswold, Kent, 1872; vicar of St. Paul's, 
Maidstone, 1876; and now of 40, Upperton Gardens, 
Eastbourne, Sussex; bom at Stonehouse, 1825; mar. 
Ge§rgiana, dau. of John Alfred Wigan, of Clare House, 
East Mailing, Kent, who died s.p. 14 July, 1853. 
Mr. Dimock is the author of numerous theological works. 
He is the present representative of this family of Dimock. 

We revert now to the fourth child of John Dimock (V.) and 
Betty Cole:— 

VI. John Gfles Dimock, M.A., University Coll., Oxford, 
aad before of Pembroke Coll.; Curate of Brighton, 
Leonard Stanley, and Stonehouse; Vicar of Clanfield, 
Oxfordshire, 1800 to 1823; Rector of Uppingham, 
Rutland, 181 7 until his death; had lands at Stonehouse, 
at Gretton, Rutland, and at Wymondham, Leicestershire ; 
ordained Deacon 24 Sept., 1797, and Priest 5 Oct., 1800, 
by the Bishop of Gloucester; bom 21 March, and bapt. 
at Stonehouse 16 Apr., 1773; died 15, and bur. at 
Uppingham 21 Dec, 1858; will dated 11 Jan., 1856, 
proved with four codicils at Leicester 15 Feb., 1859; he 


246 Gloticesterskire Notes and Qturies. 

mar. at St. James, Westminster, 19 Apr., 1808, Sarahs 
dau. of William Humphries, of Baldock, co. Herts, and 
Sarah his wife (marriage settlement dated 14 April, 1808), 
and by her, who died 19, and was bur. at Uppingham 24. 
Apr., 1 85 1, aged 69, he had issue eight children, 

(i) Anne Jane, bapt. at Leonard Stanley, 1809 ; died 
at Folkestone, 19 Aug., 1879, and bur. in the 
Cemetery there, m.i. ; will proved at Canterbury, 
27 Sept., 1879; mar. at Uppingham, i Jan., 

1839, to the Rev. William George Parker, M.A., 
St. John's Coll., Camb., vicar of Bulkington, 
Warwickshire, who died i, and was bur. at Epsom 
7 March, 1854; will proved P.C.C., 23 March, 
1854. They had issue three children, 

i. Ann Elizabetk Hargreave, 

ii. William George Gaskin Parker^ of Oriel Coll., 
Oxford, and Guy's Hospital ; now of Folkestone. 

iii. Mary EthelburgOy a nan. 

(2) James Francis Dimock, of whom next. 

(3) Maria Jane, b. at Stonehouse ; mar. at Upping- 

ham, I Jan., 1839, to the Rev. William Henry 
Flowers, B.A., Jesus Coll., Camb., vicar of 
Ulceby, co. Lincoln (marr. settlement dated 
I Jan., 1839), and had issue a son, William 
Dimock Flowers, bapt. 24 Oct., and bur. 2 Nov., 

1840, at Uppingham ; she died 21, and was bur. 
at Uppingham 27 Oct., 1840. Mr. Flowers died 
17 Sept., 1875, aged 67, and was bur. at 
IJlceby, m.i. 

(4) William Robert Dimock, a Surgeon in the Hon. 
E. I. Co.*s Service, Bombay Presidency ; bapt. 
at Stonehouse ; died about 1 849 ; mar. the widow 
of Colonel Williams, and had issue — 

i. William James Dimock, a surveyor and architect, 
who went to Natal ; mar. Miss Scohle, and had 
issue three children. 

ii. Jane, who died nnm. 23 Nov. 1872, bur. at 
Witton Cemeteiy, Birmingham^ 

(5) George Ambrose Dimock, B.A., Sidney Sussex 
Coll., Camb. ; Master of Wymondham School, 
1842; born at Stonehouse, 18 16; died s,p. 17, 
and bur. at Uppingham, 22 Feb., 1851; mar. 
Mary Elizabeth, dau. of Campbell Morris, of 
Loddington Hall, esq., Major 6^ Inniskilling 
Dragoons. She was b. 25, and bapt. at 
Loddington 26 Oct., 1817, and bur. at Upping- 


The Family of DimocL 247 

ham, 15 May, 1861. [See pedigree of Morris 
in Nichols's Leicestershire, iv., 401, and in 
Fletcher's Leicestershire Pedigrees and Royal 
Descents, 177. Arms: Sable, a lion passant or 
between three scaling ladders sable.] 

(6) Martha Elizahethy bapt. at Uppingham, 1 1 Aug., 

1 819, and mar. there 19 April, 1842, to Charles 
y antes Herbert^ of Bedworth. Warwickshire, 
surgeon, and had issue six children. 

(7) Elizabeth Sarah^ b. 19 Aug., and bapt. at Upping- 

ham, I Sept., 1821 ; mar. 20 June, 1844, to the 
Rev. yohn Waltham Fletcher, M.A., Brasenose 
Coll., Oxford, now residing at Ashleigh, Derby, 
and has issue. [See Pedigree of Fletcher in 
Coll. Arms MSS., Norfolk 9. 21, 13 D. 14. 153, 
and 20 D. 14. 70-74; in Burke's Commoners, 
and Landed Gentry; in Misc, Gen. et Her., 
N. S., iv., 214; and in Leicestershire Pedigrees 
and Royal Descents, 163. Arms: Argent, a 
cross engrailed sable, between four pellets, each 
charged with a pheon or, on a canton azure a 
ducal crown gold.] 

(8) Mary Anne, bapt. at Uppingham, 13 Sept., 1823, 

d. unm., and bur. there 7 August, 1845. 

Vll. James Francis Dimock, M.A., St. John's College, 
Camb., Rector of Barmburgh, Yorks., and Prebendary of 
Lincoln; a learned antiquary, and ripe and devoted 
scholar; author of "History of Southwell Minster," 
** Vita Magna S. Hugonis," " Giraldus Cambrensis," &:c., 
and of numerous archeological papers ; bom at Stone- 
house, 22 November, 1810, and bapt. there 10 Feb., 181 1 ; 
died 22 Apr., 1876, and bur. 26 at Barmburgh; admon. 
granted by Wakefield Registry, 11 May, 1876; he mar. at 
Moulton, 1 841, Caroline^ dau. of John Tatam, esq,, of 
Moulton, Lincolnshire, and by her who died 24 Jan., 
1890, had issue, 

(i) Elizabeth Sarah, mar. at St. George the Martyr, 
Holbom, 28 May, 1889, to the Rev. John George 
Curry, B.A., London, rector of Holy Trinity, 
Southwark, London. 

(2) /ohn George Dimock, of whom next. 

(3) Caroline Frances, died 1865 ; bur. at Barmburgh. 

(4) William Alfred Henry James Dimock, went to New 
York ; mar. and has issue. 

248 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(5) Mary Charlotte^ died inf. 

(6) yames Francis Dimocky died 1870; bur. at 

(7) Henry Hodgkin Turner Dimock, Civil Service; died 

unm. 20 Feb., 1884, bur. at Canterbury Cemetery. 

(8) Arthur Dimock, B.A., Trin. Coll. Dublin ; curate 

of St. John's, Nottinghill ; mar. at Smalbridge, 
27 July, 1889, Annie, dau. of Rev. Thomas 
Berry, vicar of St. Werburgh's, Derby. 

(9) Robert Woodhause Dimock. 

(10) Maria Editha. 
{11) Alice Frances, 

(12) Edward Freeman Dimock, 
{is) Mary. 

(14) Hugh Pervival Dimock, of Pipestone, Minnesota, 


VIII. John George Dimock, of East Retford, solicitor; 
bom at Stilton, 13 June, 1843; mar. at Christ Church, 
Patricroft, Manchester, 11 May, 1886, Lucy Ann, dau. of 
Joseph Douglas, of Babworth, Retford, and has issue, 
(i) Barbara Maty, bom 7 April. 1887. 

(2) yohn Francis Douglas Dimock, bom 20 July, 1888. 

(3) yames Douglas Dimock, bom 9 Oct., 1890. 

Note. — ^The exact position in the pedigree of the two 
following remains yet to be ascertained, but it seems desirable 
to include them in this account of the family. 

Francis Dimock, of Randwick, was probably one of the 
^ve children of (III.) Giles and Rebecca. His will, which 
was dated 30 Sept., 1 747, was proved at Gloucester, 1 8 Nov., 
r752. By his wife Elizabeth, who was bur. at Randwick, 
10 Sept., 1763, he had issue seven children. 

(i) William Dimock, bapt. at Randwick, 16 June, 

(2) Thomas Dimock, bapt. at Randwick, 2 Ap., 1728 ; 
died 6, and bur. there 13 Sept. 1750, m.i. 

(3) Sarah, bapt. at Randwick, 17 Oct., 1729; d. 29 

, 1757, and bur. there, m.i. 

(4) Francis, bapt. at Randwick, 12 Aug., and bur. 
there 11 Sept., 1731. 


The Family of Dimock. 249 

(5) Elizabeth, bapt. at Randwick, 22 May, 1734; d. 

22, and bur. there 25 Nov., 1758, m.i. 

(6) Mary, bapt. at Randwick, 22 Feb., 1735. 

(7) Francis Dimock, bapt. at Randwick, 14 July, 1738 ; 

bur. there 15 Dec, 1747. 

Thomas Dimock, of Stroud, was probably also one of the 
five children of (III.) Giles and Rebecca ; he was bur. at 
Randwick, 8 Dec, 1749. Admon. granted by the 
Gloucester Registry, 13 June, 1751 ; by Rebecca his wife, 
who was bur. at Randwick, 23 March, 1755, he had issue, 
(i) Charles^ bapt. at Randwick, 17 July, 171 3. 

(2) Susannah, bapt. at Randwick, 17 Feb., 1718. 

(3) yohn, bapt. at Randwick, 8 Sept., 1726; bur. 
there 19 May, 1737. 

(4) Francis, bur. at Randwick, 8 March, 1747. 

W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A., F.S.A. 
St. Michael's Vicarage, Shrewsbury. 


The Origin of the Surname of Stiff. Continued, 

We now give the early proofs already referred to above. 

The Anglo Saxon Chronicle. 

Anno 5 1 4. This year, the West Saxons came to Britain with 
three ships at the place which is called Cerdic's ore, and Stuf 
and Wihtgar fought against the Britons, and put them to flight. 

Anno 530. This year, Cerdic and Cynric conquered the 
island of Wight, and slew many men at Wiht-garas-byrg. 

Anno 534. This year, Cerdic, the first king of the West 
Saxons, died, and Cynric his son succeeded to the Kingdom, and 
reigned from that time twenty-six years ; and they gave the whole 
island of Wight to their two nephews, Stuf and Wihtgar. 

Anno 544. This year, Wihtgar died, and they buried him in 

Anno 796. And Athelhard, archbishop of Canterbury, 
appointed a synod [the council of Cloveshoo held in 803] and 
confirmed and ratified by command of Pope Leo, all the things 
concerning God's ministers which were appointed in Wihtgar's 
days and other kings' days. 

Annales Rerum Gestarum Aelfredi Magni: auctore 
AssERio Menevensi. 

Mater quoque ejusdem [Aelfredi] Osburgh nominabatur, 
religiosa nimium femina, nobilis ingenio, nobilis et genere; 

VOL. V. R 


250 Gloucestershire Notes and Qiuries. 

quae erat filia Oslas famosi pincernae Aethelwulphi regis, qui 
Oslas Gothus erat natione, ortus enim erat de Gothis et Jutis ; de 
semine Stuf et Wightgar [Wihtgarl* duorum fratrum et etiam 
comitum qui, accepta potestate Wectae insulae ab avunculo 
suo Cerdic rege, et Cyric [Cynrico]* filio suo, consobrino eorum, 
paucos Britones ejusdem insulae accolas quos in ea invenire 
potuerunt in loco qui dicitur Gwihtgaraburgh [Wightgarabirig^J* 
occiderunt ; caeteri enim accolae ejusdem insulae ante aut occisi 
erant aut exules aufugerant. 


The mother of King Alfred was named Osburgh, a very pious 
woman, who was noble by disposition as well as by descent. She 
was the daughter of Oslas, King Ethelwulfs famous butler, who 
by nationality, was a Goth, for he sprang from the Goths and Jutes, 
of the race of Stuf and Wightgar, two brothers, companions in 
arms, who received lordship over the Isle of Wight from their 
uncle, King Cerdic, and Cynric his son, their cousin, and who 
slew there, in a place called G wight garaburgh, the few Britons 
who they found dwelling in that islands The rest of the 
inhabitants of the island had either been previously killed or had 
fled from it as exiles. 

Simeon of Durham also in his History, refers to the descent of 
Osburh in much the same terms as does Asser, and gives a very 
vivid picture of the battle of Certicesore in which the Britons 
were exterminated by the invading Jutes. 

Kemblb's Chartae Anglosaxonicae. 

Hardacnut "rex Anglorum et Danorum," in the year 1 042, grants 
ten mansae of land at Femebeorgan to the monks of Abbendun 
in Berkshire. The boundaries are set out, and we extract the 
following : — thonne forth siththan suth on thone Stanchtan weg of 
Stanmeringa gemaere ; thonne forth on thone smalan weg to tham 
fulan wege se hatte Stifincwegy thaet is catmeringa gemaere and 
thaes landes to Feombeorgen. No. DCCCXII. 

Charter of Eadgar, King of the English, granting x mansae 
of the best land " in loco qui Henneride nuncupatur vocabulo " to 
the church of St. Mary, Abbendun, to the use of the monks there. 
The boundaries commence from Hennaride i.e., Hendred: — 
amongst them occurs the following passage : — 

" Of tham mere on Wanetinge brog ; and lang broces thaet hit 
cymth to thaere die to Stifingehaeme gemaera, and lang anheafdan 
estward thaet hit cymth to thaes ealdormonnes gemaera." 


Eadred "Anglorum rex" 945 to 948, grants to his servant 
Wulfric, land at Stanmere. The boundaries of the property are 
set out, inter alia, as follows : — 

* According to Florence, of Worcester. 


On the Origin of the Surname of Stiff. 25 1- 

" Aerest of than cnindelun thaer to Straete ; and land Stra^te 
to athulfes thorne; to thonner Fydhammas and StifigwegeSy 
thonon on catbeorh." No. MCLIV, 

Register of Malmesbury Abbey. 

In this work, recently issued, in the "Master of the Rolls" 
series, is recorded the following charter : — 

Sciant presentes futuri quod ego Osbertus Abbas Malmesburiae 
et conventus, concessimus Unfrido Stive tenementum nostrum de 
Swindone scilicet duas hydas quas pater suus tenuit tempore regis 
Henrici sicut jus suum tenendas de nobis in feudo et hereditate, 
reddendo camerario nostro per annum xl sol pro omni servitio, 
salvo regali servitio. Hiis testibus. Reg. Malm. CXLL 

Know all men present and future, that I, Osbert, Abbot of 
Malmesbury, and the convent, have granted to Humphrey Stive, 
our tenement of Swindone, namely, the two hydes which his 
father held in the time of King Henry [1.^., 1100-1135] as his 
right, to be h olden of us in fee and inheritance, by paying to our 
chamberlain every year forty shillings for all service, saving the 
service due to the king. These being witnesses. 

A Bull of Pope Honorius, 1 216 to 1227, touching a complaint 
by Malmesbury Abbey, against G., rector of Swindone is recited 
in award of the Priors of St. James and St. Augustin, Bristol, 
relating to a dispute about the small tithes [minutis decimis] 
arising from the fee of Richard Stive in Swindon, which by 
agreement was compounded by G., the rector, agreeing to pay 
two pounds of wax annually to the monastery. 

Reg. Malm., CLV. 

From the two last records, it seems clear that the Stive family 
were considerable landowners in Swindon shortly after the date 
of Domesday, and so continued at least a hundred years later. 

The Colchester Family. 

The following extracts are taken from the parish registers of 
Ashelworth :-^ 

1686. Joshua Colchester and Elizabeth Allord, both of this 
parish, married 30 November. 

1687. Joshua, son of Joshua and Elizabeth Colchester, bap. 
9 Feb. 

1 69 1. William, son of Joshua and Elizabeth Colchester, 
bom 13 August, bap. 7 September. 

1697. Stephen, son of Joshua Coulch,,,, and Elizabeth, 
his wife, bap. 14 December. 

252 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1699. Memorandum that Sarah Coulchester was from Ashel- 
worth, and inter'd in ye Quaker's graveyard at Corse, on ye 26 
of March an'o pres. 

1708. Joshua Colchester, bur. 3 Oct. 

1 710. Joshua Colchester and Mary Magdalene Barksdale, 
married by banns, 4 March. 

171 J. William, son of Joshua Colchester, and Mary 
Magdalene, his wife, bap. 14 June. 

17 12. Joshua Charlton, son of Joshua Colchester, and Mary 
Magdalene, his wife, bap. 25 Sep. 

17 14. William Colchester and Anne Eldridge, both of the 
p'ish, were married the 17*'' of May, by a lisans. 

Joshua Charlton Colchester, son of Josh. Colchester by Mary 
Magdalene, his wife, bur. 25 May. 

Eliza Magdalena, d' of Joshua Colchester, and Mary Magdalene, 
his wife, bap. 18 July, 

17 15. Elizabeth, daughter of W" and Anne Colchester, bap. 
f 9 March. 

1717. Mary Magdalene, wife of Josh. Colchester, bur. 4 Oct. 

1 7 1 7. Maynard, son of W" and Anne Colchester, bap. 29 July. 

1718. Joshua Colchester and Agnes Bams, daughter of 
George Bams, of Henley p'ish in co. Wore, married July 1 2. 
(Corse Parish Register.) 

1 7 1 9. Elizabeth, d' of W* and Anne Colchester, bur. 1 7 April. 

1 72 1. Richard, son of W"* and Anne Colchester, bap. 9 May. 

1722. Agnes, wife of Josh. Colchester, bur. 30 flov. 

1723. Joshua Colchester and Betty Wormington, married 4 July. 

1 724. Duncomb, son. of Josh, and Agnes Colchester, bur. 3 Sep. 
1729. Richard, son of W" and Anne Colchester, bur. 27 June. 
1733. Joshua, son of Josh, and Eliz. Colchester, bur. 23 Dec. 
1737. Eliza Magdalena Colchester, bur. 19 Oct. 

1746. Stephen Colchester, gent., bur. 4 Nov. 
1754. Joshua, son of W" and Sarah Colchester, bap. 5 Nov. 
1 757. Stephen, son of W" and Sarah Colchester, bap. 2 March. 
1 761. William Colchester, bur. 15 Nov. 
St. Julia's, Cheltenham. CONWAY DiGHTON. 

The Jenkinson Monuments m Hawkesbury Church. 

THE entries in the Hawkesbury parish registers which relate 
to the well-known Gloucestershire family of Jenkinson, 
have been given at p. 91, antty and the banners of the Earls of 
Liverpool were described at p. 177. We now print the 
descriptions of the six Jenkinson monuments in the Chancel of 
Hawkesbury Church, with accurate copies of the inscriptions as 

yenkinson Monuments. 253 

they now exist. One of these is given in Bigland's Gloucester- 
shire, but it seems desirable to reproduce it here, not only for 
the sake of completeness, but also to correct some errors which 
occur in the transcript printed in that work. 

1. On a flat blue stone on the chancel floor, on the north 
side and near the altar steps is this inscription : — 


Robert Jbnkinson, 





2. On a plain stone next to this and immediately west of it 
in the chancel floor : — 

H. S. E 

M" Amelia Jenkinson, 

Late Wife of 

the Moft Honourable 

Charles Jenkinson Efq'. 

3. On a large monument of white and yellow marbles on the 
north wall of the chancel near to the two slabs just mentioned 
are the arms of Jenkinson : — Azure on a fesse wavy argent, a 
cross patted gules, and, in chief, two estoiles or, on a dexter 
canton the Ulster badge of a baronet. 

Crest I — on a wreath or and azure, a sea horse assurgent or 
maned azure, holding in his forefeet a cross patted gules. 
Beneath the arms is this inscription : — 

In Memory of S' Robert Jenkjnson, Bar{ 

Who departed this Life Augft. 8th, in the Tear of our Lord 1 766, and in the 46th of his Age. 

He was the eldeft Son of Sr. Robert Banks Jenkinson, Bart., by Catharine his wife, 

Third Daughter of Sr. Robert Dashwood, oi Nortkbrook, in the County of Oxford Bari* 

He married Mart, the Daughter of Sr. Jonathan Cope, Bart., 

But left no Ifsue. 

Yet let his Name be preferred to Pofterity, 

For his filial Piety, his conjugal Love, and fraternal Affection ; 

And all those Virtues which best adorn the honeft English Gentleman, & sincere ChriBtian, 

Fortified with thefe he bore with patience a long & painfiil Blnefs, 

Till he ref ign'd his Soul, with Faith & Confidence into the Hand of his Creator. 

Disdain not Reader ; 

What, from too high a Veneration for more glaring & oflentatious Characters, 

Thou mayft be taught to think a very humble Encomium ; 

For, remember that Purity of Life, and integrity of Manners, 

Will receive the truefl Praise, at the laft Day, 

From Him who is the fiipreme Judge of all Virtue and Merit, 

And who alone can afsign them their due Reward. 



256 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

5. A mural tablet of white marble mounted on black marble, 
at the top of which are sculptured the arms with supporters, 
crest and motto of the second Earl of Liverpool. This is 
against the north wall of the chancel, over the door, and west 
of the large monument (No. 3), to Sir Robert Jenkinson, Bart. 
AfjMs : — Azure on a fesse wavy argent, a cross patt6e gules, and 
in chief, two estoiles or, and as an honourable augmentation 
granted to the Earl and his descendants, on a chief also wavy 
argent the arms of Liverpool, a cormorant sable, beaked and 
legged gules, holding in his beak a piece of seaweed, called laver 
inverted vert, f/he Baromfs Ulster badge has been omitted in the arms. J 
Supporters : — Two hawks, wings elevated and inverted ppr., each 
charged on the breast with a cross patt6e. Crest on a wreath, 
a sea-horse assurgent. Motto, Palma non sine pulvere. Under- 
neath is the following inscription : — 

In memory 07 

Sir Robert Bankes Jenkinson, K.G. 

Second Earl of Liverpool. 

BORN June 8th 1770. 

this eminent minister entered the public service early in life, 

and was, during the lifetime of ul'\ father, 

Summoned to the House of Lords, as Baron Hawkssbvry, 


appointed Prims Minister, which office he held for a long and 

Glorious period without interruption, until 1827, 

when by a paralytic seizure the country was deprived of his services. 

he died WFTHOUT issue in DECEMBER 1 828 ; 



Bishop of Derry, 4TH Earl of Bristol; she died in 1821 ; 




Sir Charles Cecil Cope Jenkinson, 3rd Earl of LrvSRPooL, 


WHEN THE Earldom became extinct and the baronetcy passed to his coixsin* 
Sir Charles Jenkinson, ioth. baronet, he died withotTt issue male in march 1855, 





* The name of Lord Liverpool's ist wife is spelt as above on the 
monument, bat it is an error of the sculptor, and should be Lady Louisa 
Theodosia Hervey. She was buried here, but there is no monument to her 
memory. The second wife was buried in the north west comer of the Church- 
yaid of Kingston-on-Thames parish church. Sir Charles Jenkinson, tenth 
baronet, and his wife, are also buried at Hawkesbury, put there is no 
monument to their memory. 


Jenkinson Monuments. 257 

The name of the Sculptor is carved at the foot : — 


6. On a brass plate about Z4 inches by 15 inches in size, 
mounted on black marble and fixed to the south wall of the 
chancel, eastward of the monument (No. 4), to the first Earl of 
Liverpool, is this inscription : — 

In memory of thbir Ancrstors buried in this Chancel, and op LOUISA BLANCHE 

7 Oct ; 187 1 ; AGED 29 ; AND is laid with her 2ND SON, IN THE VAULT AT SCOFTOM. THIS BRASS 

OF CHARLES CECIL COPE, 3RD and last EARL of LIVERPOOL, who died 3 Oct. 1851, aged 67,, 



OF whom the eldest died without issue, and the second is SELINA charlotte, 
VISCOUNTESS MILTON, the mother of the above mentioned CECIL G. S. FOLJAMBE^ 

Upon this brass are six following shields of arms : — 

1. In the centre at the top: — Foljambe, quartering, 2 
Thomhagh, 3 Savile, 4 Jenkinson, Earl of Liverpool, 5 Ottley 
of Pitchford, 6 Shuckburgh, 7 Evelyn, 8 Medley, and impaling 
Howard, (Eatl of Carlisle,) quarterly of six. i Howard, 2 
Brotherton, 3 Warren, 4 Mowbray, 5 Dacre, 6 Greystoke. 

2. The left hand (dexter) upper shield is Howard, quarterly 
of six as before, for Mrs. Foljambe' s father. 

3. The left hand lower shield is Howard, impaling Lambton 
for Mrs. Foljambe's grandfather and his wife; he was the 
Hon"* Fred' Howard, Major 10*^ Hussars, who was killed at 
Waterloo, the "young gsdlant Howard," of Byron^s Childe 
Harold, canto, iii., stanza 29. 

4. The right hand (sinister) upper shield is Cavendish, 
quarterly of 6. i Cavendish, 2 Hardwick, 3 Boyle (Earl of 
Burlington), 4 Clifford (Earl of Cumberland), 5 Savile (Marquis of 
Halifax), 6 Compton (Earl of Northampton), for Mrs. Foljunbe's 
mother, daughter of W* Cavendish, and only sister of William 
seventh Duke of Devonshire. 

5. The right hand lower shield is Cavendish, impalingr 
O'Callaghan for Mrs. Foljambe's maternal grandfather and 

6. The middle lower shield is Jenkinson and quarterings, i< 
Jenkinson (Earl of Liverpool), 2 Jenkinson (ancient), 3 Lee, 
4 Bankes, 5 Tomlins, 6 Cornwall, 7 Bisshopp, 8 Ottley, 9^ 
Jenkinson {as No. 2). 

258 Gloivcester shire Notes and Queries. 

Whilst these lines were being written, the news has come of 
the death of Sir George Samuel Jenkinson, eleventh bart., which 
took place at Eastwood Park, at 6 o'clock on Tuesday morning, 
19 January, 1892, aged 74 years. 

He was only taken ill on the previous Friday, when he caught a 
slight cold, which developed into influenza the following 
morning, and pneumonia setting in, he became rapidly worse, 
and died on Tuesday morning, as already mentioned. He was the 
eldest surviving son of the R* Rev** John Bankes Jenkinson, D.D., 
Bishop of St. Davids, and Frances Augusta his wife, 3rd daughter 
of Augustus Pechell, Esq., and was bom 27 Sept., 1817, was 
educated at Winchester, and entering the army, served success- 
ively in the Rifle Brigade, nth Hussars, and 8th Hussars. He 
succeeded to the baronetcy and family estates at Hawkesbury 
and Falfield, Gloucestershire and at Leigh, near Cricklade, in 
Wiltshire, on the death without issue male of his uncle 
Sir Charles Jenkinson, tenth baronet, who died at Paris, 6 March, 
1855. aged 76, and on coming into possession, at once devoted 
himself to the improvement of the property, and built the 
church, vicarage, and school, at Falfield. He also built the 
house at Eastwood, near Falfield, where he lived for the 
remainder of his life, having first pulled down a portion of a 
house which the second Lord Liverpool had begun, but never 
completed, owing to the pressure of public business throughout 
his long career. 

Sir Greorge was a deputy lieutenant of Gloucestershire, and a 
magistrate for this county and for Wilts, was chairman of the 
Thornbury bench, and served as High Sheriff of Gloucester- 
shire in 1862. He was a strong conservative, and contested 
North Wilts unsuccessfully in 1865, and Nottingham in 1866, 
but was returned for North Wills at the general election in 18W, 
and sat for that constituency till April, 1880, when he resigned 
owing to ill-health. He married, 31 July, 1845. Emily Sophia, 
eldest daughter of Anthony L. Lyster, of Stillorgan Park, co. 
Dublin, by whom he had two sons and three daughters. His 
younger son predeceased him, and the second daughter died 
young. His younger daughter is the widow of the late 
Viscount Maidstone, and the elder daughter is unmarried. His 
only surviving son Greorge Bankes Jenkinson, of the Elms, 
Stone, near Falfield, succeeds him as twelfth bart., was formerly 
Captain in the 4*** Battalion Gloucestershire Regiment, and is a 
Magistrate for Gloucestershire. He married at Berkeley parish 

Jenkinwn Monuments. 259 

church on Tuesday, 10 August, 1880, Madeline Holme, daughter 
of Arthur Holme Sumner, of Rose Villa, Hugh-Pittville, 
Cheltenham, and has issue two sons and one daughter. 

Sir George Samuel Jenkinson was buried in his new vault at 
the west end of Falfield churchyard at 2.30 p.m., on Saturday 
afternoon 23 January, 1892. The only previous burial in it was 
that of his second son Robert Anthony Banks, who died from the 
result of an accident on Wednesday, 21 June, 1882, in his 22 
year. The parliamentary service of this family is worthy of 
notice ; all the baronets with the exception of the fifth and sixth 
have sat in the House of Commons. The first four barts. 
successively represented Oxfordshire ; the first in four Parlia- 
ments, from 1654 to his death in 1677; the second in 
nine Parliaments, from 1688 to his death in Jan., 1709-10; the 
third in four Parliaments, from 1709 to his death in 1717; the 
fourth in two Parliaments, from 1717 to 1727, and they 
championed successfully the cause of the country party against 
the powerful influence of the great Duke of Marlborough and 
the Court party. The fifth bart. was an unsuccessful candidate, 
and the sixth also never sat in Parliament, but his successor, the 
seventh baronet, before he was raised to the peerage, sat for 
Cockermouth, 1761-67, for Appleby, 1767-72, Harwich, 1772-74, 
Hastings, 1774-80, and Saltash, 1780-86. His son, the second 
Earl and eighth baronet, had sat for Appleby in 1 790, for Rye, 
1790 to 1803, when he was called up to the House of Lords in his 
father*s barony of Hawkesbury. His brother and successor the 
third Earl and ninth bart., had sat for Sandwich, from 1807-12, 
for Bridgnorth, 1812-18, and for East Grinstead, 1818-28. The 
tenth bart. represented Dover from 1806 to 181 8, and the 
eleventh bart. just deceased sat for North Wiltshire from 1868 to 
1880, as above mentioned. His grandfather, Colonel John 
Jenkinson, had represented Corfe Castle, in two parliaments, 

Whilst correcting the proof of the above lines for the press, 
the announcement has come of the death of the dowager Lady 
Jenkinson, widow of Sir George. She died at Eastwood Park, 
on Tuesday, 23 February, 1892, aged 65 years, having only 
survived her husband five weeks, and was laid by the side of her 
husband in the family vault in Falfield churchyard at 2.30 p.m 
on Saturday afternoon, 27 February, 1892, exactly ^\^ weeks 
after Sir George's funeral there. 

26o Gloucestershire Notes afid Queries. 

It is somewhat curious that Sir George's predecessor in the- 
l)aronetcy (Sir Charles) and his wife also died within a few- 
weeks of one another, she in February, and he in March, 1855,. 
when they were buried in the vault at Hawkesbury as has been 
already mentioned. Cecil G. S. Foljambb. 


The Highest Point in Gloucestershire.— At page 188 
there is an extract from a letter addressed to the " Bristol Time» 
and Mirror," by Mr. George Robinson, of Woodmancote* 
Dursley, giving on the authority of an officer of the Ordnance 
Survey some years since, a field in the occupation of Mr. John 
Daniels, of Symonds-hall Farm. Mr. Robinson must have 
misunderstood his informant, as the highest point is on the 
south side of Cleeve Common, above Cheltenham, and is 1083 
feet. From the recent ordnance survey I am able to give the 
elevation at the two places near the one mentioned by Mr. 
Robinson, (i) At the Firs at the junction of the road from 
Dursley to Wotton-under-edge, and opposite to the road to- 
Symonds-Hall Farm, which is 814 feet, (2) at the Ridge Lodge 
which is 81 3 feet. There are four other points in Gloucestershire 
as Leckhampton, Birdlip, Painswick Beacon, and May Hill, on 
the west of the Severn, which are considerably over 900 feet. 

Brookthorpe, doncester. W. C. LuCY. 


Rev. John Pincke, Chaplain of New College.— In th& 
Oxford Matriculation Register occurs the following : — 

"i6z3, July 4.— John Pincke, aged 15, son of John Pincke, 
' Pleb,' of the City of Gloucester, New College." In the will of 
the well known Dr. Robert Pincke, Warden of New College^ 
and Vice Chancellor of Oxford, dated 22 May, 1 647, and proved 
II Feb., 1647-8, is the following bequest: — 

" To Mr. John Pincke, one of our Chapleins of Newe CoUedge, 
the bedd, beddage, and Trunck, which I heretofore lent him." 

It cannot be doubted but that this last named Mr. John Pincke 
is identical with the John Pincke, of Gloucester, who matriculated 
in 1623. May I ask if anything further is known of him ? I ami 
desirous of ascertaining his relationship to Dr. Robert Pincke, and 
shall be grateful to any correspondent of Gloucestershire Notes 
and Queries, who may have access to Gloucester Wills, for any 
reference to the name. W. D. Pink. 

Leigh, Lancashire. 


Queries and Replies. 261 

Chadirell. — William Chadwell, junr., of Bradwell, co. 
•Gloucester, on Nov. 17, 1646,** begs to compound on Oxford Articles 
for delinquency on adhering to the King. His father is living 
and in displeasure with him for his delinquency." On Jan. 7, 
1647, his Fine was fixed at yV> £3^' (Calendar of Committee 
for compounding, Vol. II., 1565). What further is known of 
this family ? William Chadwell, junr., was a Barrister of Lincoln's 
Jnn, and represented the Borough of St. Michael, in Cornwall, in 
both Parliaments of 1640, until disabled in January, 1644 for 
joining the King at Oxford. He was one of the Royalist 
members who sat in the Oxford Assembly. What afterwards 
ibecame of him ? 

ieigh, Lancashire. W. D. PiNK. 


Player. — Can any one give me information which may help 
ime to trace the ancestry of one Henry Player, of Keevil House, 
dn the parish of Heverstoke, Hants, who died in 171 1, and was 
buried at Heverstoke. Will proved in P.C.C. I think there 
may be a connection thro' Simon Player, citizen and homer, 
.of London, who married Ellinor Freinds about 1665, leaving a 
son Thomas, with the Players of Gloucestershire, of Marshfield* 
.and Cirencester. The registers of the latter place are full of 
family Christian names. Simon Player was the elder brother of 
Sir Thomas Player, Kt. of Hackney, Chamberlain of the City of 
JLondon, who was buried at Hackney, 1672; his son also, Sir 
Thomas, Kt., and Chamberlain of the City, is the "Railing 
Rabsheka" of Dryden's satire, of "AbJfelom and Achitophel." 
He died, i68|^. The arms and crest are alike. Reply may be 
sent to me direct. 

.14, Castlewood Road, L. PlaybR Fbdden. 

Stamford Hill, 

London, N. 

Crowley Family, — In the earliest register of the parish of 
•Oddington, occur the following entries : — 

1 65 1. May 24. Nathaniel, son of Nathaniel Crawley, bapt.. 

.1653. Apr. 10. Mary, dau. of Nathanael Crawley, bapt. 

1657. Aug. 18. John, son of Nathaniel Croli was born. 

J 665. Bee. 20. Elizabeth, dau. of Nathanuel Cralie, bapt. 

J 667. Dec. 26. Abgel, dau. of Nath. Cralie, bapt. 

262 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1669. Sep. 18. Robert, son of Nathanual Craly, bapt. 
1675. May 8. Isriel, dau. of Nathanuel Crallie, bapt. 

The descendants of the above John, have for a long time spelt 
their name Crmvley, Any information as to the above family, 
and as to the parentage and birthplace of Nathaniel, the elder, 
will be gratefully welcomed. 

Milton, Evercreech, Somerset. F. W. WEAVER. 

« *«« « 

George, of Baunton,— The very interesting Inq. Post 
Mortem of Robert George, junior, esq., printed in Glouc. Inq. 
P.M. p. 29 (Index Library, part 40), refers to a Robert George, 
senior, of Cirencester, gentleman, upon whom, on decease of 
Robert George, junior, the mUnor of Baunton or Bawdington, 
was entailed by deed, dated 31 Jan., 1622, made with the view 
of *' settling of the said premises in the name and blood of the 
said Robert." What was the precise relationship between the 
two Roberts? If, as might be assumed, Robert senior was 
uncle to Robert junior, he must have been somewhat advanced 
in years before succeeding to the estate. Christopher George, 
father of Robert junior, died about the year 1597, and his eldest 
son Richard was a married man ten years before. Robert senior 
was father of the well-known John George, M.P. for Cirencester 
in the Long Parliament, who died in 1677, ^^ ^^^ ^Z^ ^^ ^5- 
The pedigree of George, of Baunton, in the Visitation of 
Gloucester, 1682-3, is silent as to Christopher George and his 
sons, commencing with John George, father of Robert senior. 

Leigh, Lancashire. W. D. PiNK. 

Hie Virginia Historical Magazine : a monthly publication devoted 
to Virginia history and genealogy ; edited and published by 
Jefferson Wallace, Richmond, Va., U.S.A. 

This is a new candidate for support, and should be appreciated 
by the Virginians, for the contents are well put together, and it 
is nicely printed. The second number which is now before us, 
contains the Clayton Family, Virginia Revolutionary soldiers, 


Book Notices. 263 

York County Records, Virginia Land Patents, and " Notes and 
Queries" which department is edited by Dr. Brock and 
Mr. Stanard. A good deal of the information contained in this 
magazine will also interest English readers. 

V Intermidiart des chercheurs ei curieux. Edited and published by 
Lucien Faucon, 13, Rue Cujas, Paris. Royal 8vo. 

This periodical is the French equivalent of Notes & Queries, 
but does not give " Notes " confining its work to queries and 
replies, though with the first number of the new year the editor 
has started, with a separate pagination, *' Us Nouvelles de Pinter- 
midiare. The information contained in Tlnterm^diare is of the 
usual miscellaneous order. The magazine appears to be well 
edited, but we are surprized to observe the very inferior paper 
upon which it is printed, although the price of the magazine is 
in excess of its London contemporary. L*Interm6diare was 
founded in 1864, and is issued thrice a month. It may be of 
service to those English genealogists who are interested in 
families of French descent. 

The Story of Wherwell Abbey, by the Rev. R. H. Clutterbuck. 
Parts L and IL Sm. 4to. "Hampshire Observer" Office, 

This little tract will be read with interest by Hampshire 
people. It succinctly relates the history of the once noted 
abbey, and shews evidence of original research on the part of 
the author, who has supplied a useful plan of the conventual 

WE continue our notices of local magazines. The East 
Anglian is one of the few which are issued monthly, 
and though unpretending in style, it is clearly printed, 
and is well edited. The calendar of Suffolk wills in the Ipswich 
registry, when completed, will prove very interesting, though its 
progress is slower than we could wish. It is very tantalizing that 
Mr. White gives us such small instalments at a time, and we 
cannot help thinking that space is lost by his printing the 
original latin calendars as they stand. Dr. Barber's list of East 
Anglian surnames, with their possible derivations, is worthy of 
careful study. There cannot be any doubt that many English 
surnames, more than is usually believed to be the case, are 
derived from pre-Norman personal names of Teutonic origin. 

Notes and Queries for Somerset and Dorset maintains its position 
under the editorship of Messrs. Weaver and Mayo; heraldic 
students will be interested by the paper on the Salter armorials, 
which is illustrated by a plate showing the practice of " cadency." 

Bedfordshire Notes and Queries is tastefully printed and carefully 
edited. The October part contains some interesting deeds 

264 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

relating to John Bunyan*s family. Gleanings from parish 
registers, monumental inscriptions, and abstracts of wills and 
charters, form a feature in this periodical. 

Fenland Notes and Queries has just completed its first volume, 
and we regret to observe that Mr. Bernard Saunders now retires 
from the post of editor, which he has filled with credit for three 
years. His place will be filled by Mr. Sweeting, already 
known as former editor of "Northamptonshire Notes and 
Queries," and we do not suppose that this periodical will suffer 
in his hands. The volume is a good one; there are several 
illustrations, and it is nicely printed, though the paper used is 
too rough to be pleasant. Mr. Saunders deserves our thanks for 
supplying three very full indexes. 

Salopian Shreds and Patches^ we regret to observe, has come to 
an end in the middle of Vol. X. A complete set will be highly 
prized, we doubt not, by Shropshire antiquaries, for the material 
which the editor has brought together. The useful practice has 
been adopted of reprinting miscellaneous bits in other contem- 
porary periodicals, which otherwise are as a rule lost to those 
who would be most interested in them. Being merely a reprint 
from a newspaper, it does not present a finished appearance, 
though as regards matter, it compares favourably with many 
magazines which are better got up. . 

The Western Antiquary continues as of old to print much 
valuable matter relating to Devon and Cornwall. There is no 
falling off in the quantity, and it is quite evident that Mr. Wright 
is well supported both by his contributors and subscribers. Mr. 
W. H. H. Rogers contributes a very interesting paper upon Sir 
Isaac Heard and his ancestor, the famous Garter King of arms, 
who died in 1822. It shows considerable research, though, as the 
writer states " where Sir Isaac was buried does not appear," while 
the tablet of white marble to his memory at Windsor is thus 
inscribed: — "Hunc juxta parietem depositae sunt mortales 

exuviae Isaaci Heard," we can only conclude that Mr. 

Rogers does not understand latin, or that the inscription is 
untrue. We can cordially commend Dr. Brushfield*s papers on 
Extinct Devonshire Periodicals, as well as Mr. Windealt's notes 
on the Mayors of Totnes. The Editor would have done well to 
•exclude the paper on Sheriffs' expenses in Cornwall, 181 6-1 866 ; 
it is uninteresting, and the latter portion which deals with the 
hangman's wages is objectionable. The type used is good, but 
the rough paper used does not add to its clearness. The binder 
still continues to use wire stitching to the detriment of the 


One Guinea will be paid for each of the following MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES 
by the Advertiser : — 

1. Jasper and Joan BRITTON, whose eldest son was baptized at BITTON in 1576, 

2. John BRITTON, whose eldest son was baptized at BITTON' in 1605. 

3. Morris and Margaret BRITTON. whose eldest son was baptized at BITTON in 
1668. ^ 

4. Stephen (bom 1718), and Elizabeth BRITTON married before 1744. 

The marriages probably took place in South Gloucestershire or North Somerset, or at 
Bath or BristoL 

Address — 


51, Lincoln*s Inn Fields, 



An Illustrated Qiiarteriy Magazine devoted to the local history and antiquities of the' 
Cities of London and Westminster and the County of Middlesex. 

Edited by W. P. W. Philumorr, M.A., BX.L. 

Part V. ready shortly, price 2s. Annual Subscription, $s. 6d. post free. 

London: Elliot Stock. 62, Paternostkr Row, E.C. 


"Gloucestershire Notes and Queries" is a good medium for literary and other 
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Scale of charges: — page (same sire as circular), £1 ; half-page, 12s ; quarter 
page, 6s. 6s. ; inch, 5s. ; half-inch, 2s. 6d.— in good legible type, well displayed, an(f 
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How to Write the History of a Family. 

By W. p. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

4Qr Now Ready, in Crown 8vo, price 4s. 6d. post free. 

Second Edition Revisrd. 

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House at Chipping Sodbury. 


im>^^r^ ' 

Remains of Hawkesbury Manor House. 


Notes and Queries. 

Hawkesbury Manor House. 

OME years ago I was told by an inhabitant of Hawkesbury 
that the Manor House there, which was long one of the 
homes of the Jenkinsons, baronets of Walcot and of Hawkes- 
bury, was abandoned as a residence, and eventually pulled down 
in consequence of two tragic family events. The first of these 
was, that owing to an attachment having sprung up between one 
of the daughters of the then baronet, and a son of the neigh- 
bouring family of Paston, of Horton, who were adherents of 
the ancient faith, the young Paston was forbidden the house by 
Sir Robert Jenkinson, who was a staunch Protestant. He was 
allowed, however, to come and bid farewell, and as he was 
leaving, the young lady, in leaning too far out of the oriel 
window to wave a last farewell as he rode away, overbalanced 
herself, and falling to the ground, was killed, or died very shortly 
afterwards from the accident. 

The house was not afterwards inhabited by the family. The 
second sad event was, when the 6*** baronet lent the house in 
1770 to his cousin Charles (afterwards i'*Earl of Liverpool), to 
bring his young wife Amelia there from London for a change of 
air, she died en route to the place, and was only brought there 
to be buried. My informant, thought it was lent in view 
of the approaching birth of her first and only child, the 
future prime minister, and that he was bom and his mother died 
on the way down from London, but his birth is said to have place 
intheparishof S. Margeret, Westminster 7 June, 1770, so I imagine 
it was after that event that she was travelling down for country air 
to recover her strength when she died under such sad circumstances 

VOL. V. s 

268 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

at the early age of 19 years. The house, which stood just across 
the road to the north of the church, was soon afterwards pulled 
down, and all that now remains is the wall and arched doorway 
which formed the entrance to the courtyard of the house which 
was built as three sides of a square ; a small portion of the found- 
ations, with part of a cellar or basement window of the eastern 
wing, was also in existence, as well as part of the stables in 1888. 
Perhaps some of your readers can identify the persons connected 
with the first event, and also name the place between London 
and Hawkesbuiy, where Amelia, first wife of Charles Jenkinson, 
afterwards Earl of Liverpool, and mother of Robert Banks 
Jenkinson, 2~* Earl of Liverpool, prime minister from 181 2 to 
1827, died in July, 1770. cecil G. S. Foljambb. 


The Pauncefote Family. 

The following entries are taken from the parish register of 
Ashelworth : — 

1585. Gyles the sonne of John Pancefoote, was baptised the 
XX*** daye of Auguste. 

1605. Ales, daughter of John Pauncefoote, gent, bap. 14 

1608. Dorethie, daughter of John Paunceffoote, gent, was 
buryed 5 Feb. 

1 61 3. Ales, daughter of John Pauncefoote, gent., bur. 16 

16 15. Sofronia, the wyefe of John Pauncefoote, gent., bur. 
30 August. 

1615. John Clarke, gent, and Mary, the daughter of John 
Paunceffoote, gent., married 2 October. 

1 61 7. Thomas, the sonne of John Clarke, gent, bap. 22 Jan. 

1623. John Pauncefoote, gentilman, and Johane Gelfe, were 
maryed the 3 1 daye of March. 

1624. Ales, the daughter of Mr. John Pansfotte, was baptised 
ye ix of May. 

1626. Sephroniah, daughter of John Pauncefoote, gent'man, 
bap. 7 May. 

1631. Joane Pauncefoote, was buried Oct. 26. 

1632. Johanes Pauncefoote et Elizabetha Allerd nupti fuere 
secundo die Julij. 


t Pauncefote Family. 269 

1633. John, sonn of John Pauncefoote, bap. 28 April. 
1635. Nathaniel, sonn of John Pauncefoote, gent., and 
Elizabeth, his wife, bap. 18 April. 

1643. Jo^^ Pauncefoot, gent., bur. 10 Sep. 
1649. Elizabeth Paunsfoote, bur. 26 November. 
1659. Jone Pancefoote, bur. 24 July. 
St. Julia's, Cheltenham. CONWAY DiGHTON. 

Magazine Excerpts. — The following announcements in 
the Tcfwn and Country Magazine for the year 1760 relate to 

Marriages. — March 13. — Rev. Richard Rogers, of Wither- 
ington, Gloucestershire, to Miss Hetty Curtis, of David's-Well. 

March 19. — Edward Bearcroft, esq., of Droitwich, Worcester- 
shire, to Miss Compton,* sister of Sir Walter Compton, bart. 

Deaths. — February 26. — Rev. Mr. Dighton,t rector of East- 
ington, Gloucestershire. 

March 14. — Lady Clinton, at Ebrington, Gloucestershire, 
sister to the late Earl of Clinton, from whom she held the 
barony ; and dying without issue, the title of baron of Clinton 
is held in abeyance. Conway Dighton. 


The DimockSy of Gloucester. 

A branch of the Gloucestershire Dimocks emanated from the 
city of Gloucester, and Fosbrooke mentions several monuments 
to this family as being in the church of St. Mary de Crypt there. 
The first of the family at present known to us is : — 

I. Cressy Dimock, of Gloucester, mercer; he was buried 
at St. Mary de Crypt, 16 May, 1680. Susannah^ his 
widow, was buried there, 25 November, 1708. By her 
will, dated i April, 17Q8, and proved at Gloucester, 13 

* This was Catherine Compton, sister of the fifth and last baronet of 
Abbot's Place, Hartpory, near Gloucester. 

t This was William Dighton, or Deighton^ as he usually signed himself in 
his register. I owe two entries relating to him to the kindness of the Rev. 
F. T. Vine — (Burials) ** Hannah, wife of William Dighton, Minister, Dec. 16, 
1738.'' "William Deighton, rector of Eastington, Feb. 23, 1760.*' He was 
rector of the parish from 17 12 to the time of ms death. 

270 Gloucestershire Nates and Queries. 

January, 1708*9, as Susannah Dymocke, of the city of 
Gloucester, widow, she bequeaths legacies to her son, 
Charles Dymocke, her daughter, Hester Dymocke, her 
daughter, Susannah, the wife of Francis Ashmead, and 
four of their children, and appoints her son and daughter, 
Charles and Hester, her executors. Cressy and Susannah 
had issue, 

(i) Charles JDimocky of whom next. 

(2) Hester. 

(3) Susannah, married to Francis Ashmead, and had 

issue, — Maty, John, Francis, and Susannah 

(4) (5) (6) Maty, Mary, and John, all buried at St. 

Maiy de Crypt, Gloucester. 

II. Charles Dimock, of Gloucester, mercer; bom 1676, 
died 19 March, 1737-8, aged 61 ; bur. at St. Maiy de 
Crypt, m.i. ; will proved at Gloucester, 17 Nov., 1738, by 
Mary Dimock, John Bennett, and Giles Mills,* the 
executors. His first wife, Ann, died 3 July, I7i9> aged 
34, and was bur. at St. Maiy de Crypt, m.i. The will of 
his second wife. Maty Dimock, was proved at Gloucester, 
25 May, 1739, by Edward Bennett and Giles Mills the 
executors. By his second wife he left issue, 

(i) Susannah. 

(2) Charles Dimock. 

(3) William Dimock. Perhaps the sheriff of Gloucester 
in 1751. (See Bigland, pp. 159, 210.) 

(4) Edward Dimock. 

(5) Henty Dimock, of whom next. 

III. Henry Dimock, M.A., of Pembroke College, Oxford, 
(matriculated, 27 March, 1745, aged 15, B.A. 1748; M.A. 
1 751); vicar of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire, 1759 to 
1784; afterwards rector of St. Edmund the King and St. 
Nicholas Aeons, London, and of Blackmanstone, Kent; 
and chaplain and librarian to the archbishop of Canterbury 
(Dr. J. Moore) ; he was a distinguished Hebrew scholar, 
and published several volumes of "Notes, critical and 

• Joseph MiU and Rebecca Dimock were married at Randwick, 6 Angast, 
1677; and Giles Mill, their eldest son, was baptized at Rand wick, 11 May, 
1679. Several children of Giles Mills were baptized at Randwick. Qoerj, 
was he .the same person as the ezecntor ? 


Dimocks of Gloucester. 271 

explanatory," on the Old Testament (Genesis, Exodus, 
Psalms and Proverbs, and the Prophets) ; he was bom at 
Gloucester in 1729, and died 13, and was buried at Great 
Mongeham, Kent, 20 Sept., 18 10, aged 81, m.i. He 
left issue, 

(i) Henty Dimock, of Pembroke College, Oxford, 
(matriculated, 18 June, 1781, aged 16); after- 
wards admitted to Corpus Christi College, 9 
Feb., 1782; fellow and B.A., 1785; M.A. and 
chaplain, 1789; rector of Monks Risborough, 
Bucks, 181 1 to 1839; bom 7 Nov., 1764, at 
Chipping Norton; died 3 Oct., 1839; m.i. in 
the cloisters of Corpus Christi College, Oxford. 

(2) Charles Dimock^ of whom next. 

IV. Charles Dimock, M.A., of Oriel College, Oxford 
(matriculated, 19 Jan., 1788, aged 18; B.A. 1792; M.A. 
1794); rector of Great Mongeham, Kent, 1802 to 1849; 
bom at Chipping Norton in 1769; died at Great 
Mongeham, 3, and bur. there, 9 Feb., 1849, aged 78, 
m.i.; he married in April, 1805, Miss Elizabeth Honeys 
wood J of Sibton, Kent; she died 11, and was bur. at 
Great Mongeham, 17 July, 1807, aged 29, m.i. there. 

W. G. DiMOCK Fletcher. 

« « 4b « « 

Gloucestershire Wills f continued). 

William Pumelly of Dursley, yeoman, 30 December, 1617. 
Joan Tratman, daughter of my son-in-law, William Tratman ; 
Edyth Tratman, another daughter; to William Lewes, my 
daughter Anne's eldest son, my house where I dwell, called 
Amees plot, within the town of Dursley ; remainder successively 
to his brothers, John, James, George ; my daughter, Anne, their 
mother, to have the house for life ; household goods to children 
of said Anne, they being under age ; exor., son-in-law, William 
Lewes. Overseers, loving friends, John Phillips, als. Tyler, and 
Nycholas Smyth. 

Proved at Gloucester, 10 July, 161 8. 

Dorothye Pumell^ of Yatte, widow, 22 Dec, 1609. To be 
buried in the churchyard of Yatte. Frauncess Pumell, my son,, 
sole legatee and exor. 

Proved at Gloucester, 17 Sept., 1610* 

272 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Richard Smithy of South Ceraey, husbandman, 4 January, 
1637. To be buried at South Cemey; brother, John Smith; 
William Smith, my brother John's son ; Richard Carter ; cousin, 
John Cooke ; John Fowales children. Margery, my wife, to be 

Proved, 13 Feb., 1637. P.CC, Lee 18. 

Margaret Smithy of South Cemey, widow, 21 September, 1638. 
My neighbour, William Morris ; sister, Alice Walldron, wife of 
Thomas Walldron ; William, his son ; John Francis, one of my 
sister's sons ; sons of said John Francis ; William, brother of 
said John ; Joan Dowsewell, wife of Robert Dowsewell, and her 
two daughters ; Edward, son of said Joan, unlawfully begotten ; 
John, William, and Elizabeth, sons and daughter of Richard 
Carter; Katherine, wife of Richard Carter; the four children of 
John Carter; John, son of John Walden; Henry (Weg?); 
Thomas, Alice, Robert, and Mary ; Katharine Carter and Jane 
Dowsewell ; residue to John Waldren, my sister's son. Exor., 
Humfrey Jasper, vicar of South Cemey; neighbour, William 
Morris, overseer. 

Proved, 27 October, 1638. P.C.C, Lee zzg. 

Richard Smith, alderman of Gloucester, to be buried at St. 
John's, Gloucester, near my first wife, Sarah ; my dau., Hester 
Webley ; dau., Anne Smith ; son, Henry Englei, and daughter, 
Sara, his wife, and their children under 2 1 : son, Robert Perkes, 
and dau., Joan, his wife, and their children under 21 ; grand- 
child, Edward Perkes; brother, Toby Bullock, and sister, 
Christian Bullock, his wife ; son, Richard Smith. 

Proved, 22 Febraary, 1636. P.CC, Lee 2y, 


Abraham Rudhall of Gloucester. 

The first member of the Rudhall family who had a Bell 
Foundry in Gloucester, was Abraham, who died on 25 January, 
1736, and was buried in the cathedral there. His bells, like 
himself, bore an excellent character. Believing that anything 
relating to him will be welcome to campanologists, I send the 
following transcripts of two advertisements of his that appeared 
in The Postman newspaper, the first of 30 Dec, 1708, the second 
of 19 Dec, 1710. 


Rvdhall of Gloucester. 273 

** Abraham Rudhall, of the city of Gloucester, Bell Founder, 
being desired to give account of the Bells cast by him into Peals 
since the year 1684, to this time, is as follows, viz. : — entire 
Peals, one ring of 10 Bells at Warwick, 14 rings of 8 Bells, 44 
rings of 6 Bells, 32 rings of 5 Bells, besides rings of 4 Bells, 
and Bells cast into Peals, to the Number of 746. The Bells 
above mentioned have been cast for the use of 7 Cities, 47 
Market Towns, 225 Parishes, in 18 several Counties; he hath 
cast since Febraary last, entire Peals as follows, viz. :— for 
Cardiff, 6 ; Ramsbury, 6 ; Windrudg, 6 ; Bardisley, 5 ; Hampton, 

5 ; and other Bells into Peals, to the number of 42, to the great 
satisfaction of them that understand ringing, and good Bells." 

" Abraham Rudhall, of the city of Gloucester, Bell Founder, 
being desired to give an account of the Bells cast by him into 
Peals since the year 1684, to this time, is as follows, viz. :— 
Intire Peals, 2 rings of 10 Bells, 16 rings of 8 Bells, 47 rings of 

6 Bells, 43 rings of 5 Bells, besides rings of 4 Bells, and Bells 
cast into Peals, to the number of 867. The Bells above 
mentioned have been cast for the use of 7 Cities, 51 Market 
Towns, 259 Parishes, in 21 several counties. He hath cast since 
Christmas last entire Peals as follows, viz. : — In Shropshire, at 
Acham, 6 Bells ; in Herefordshire, at Garaway, 5 Bells ; and at 
Abbydore, 4 Bells; Gloucestershire, at Cam, 5 Bells; in 
Worcestershire, at Suckley, 5 Bells ; and at Bushley, 5 Bells ; 
and now a ring of 10 Bells cast for St. Bride's, in London, 
besides odd Bells cast into Peals, to the number of 51, to the 
great satisfaction of those that understand Musick, Ringing, 
and good Bells." 

These point out that 1 684 was the year in which he commenced 
to cast bells, and it is noteworthy that the Rev. H. T. Ellacombe, 
in his Church Bells of Gloucestershire^ p. 5, records having found 
at Oddington, a bell of his, bearing that date. 

Salterton, Devon. T. N. BrushfieLD, M.D. 

Hie Medieval Stiffs of Hawkesbury. 

FROM the time that the records known as the Hundred 
Rolls were compiled, that is, from a date not later than 
1274 until the year 1419, a period of nearly a century and a half, 
we are at present without a single instance of the occurrence of 
any form of the name of Stiff. 


Gloucestershire Notes and Qturies. 

Probably as more of the records of the thirteenth and 
fourteenth centuries for the counties of Wilts, Berks, Hants, 
and Gloucester, become accessible, we may expect to trace some 
of the medieval settlements of the Stiffs, and thus bridge over 
the present existing gap in their history. 

A family of Stiffs was living at Hawkesbury in Gloucestershire, 
from the last mentioned date, 141 9, and remained associated 
with that place till a few years ago. From this family all the 
modem Gloucestershire Stiffs seem to be descended. 

The important parish of Hawkesbury with which they were 
so long connected lies in Grumbald's Ash Hundred, in the 
southern part of the county, adjoining Badminton, and only 
three miles from the Wiltshire border. It is but five and twenty 
miles from Swindon, and a little over the same distance from 
Marlborough, with both of which places it will be remembered we 
find settlements of the name early in the twelfth and thirteenth 
centuries. About ten miles from Swindon and Marlborough is 
Lamboume, and some fifteen miles further is Silchester, with 
which or with the adjoining villages of Pamber, Sherfield, and 
Sherborn St. John, a family of Stiff has been connected since 
1509 or earlier, while Wantage, associated with the descendants 
of Stuf in the latter part of the eighth century, is only fourteen 
miles east of Swindon. The sketch plan below will render 
clearer the relative positions of the various places, and will make 
it easier to understand the various migrations which have 
probably taken place. The distances it may be observed are 
given in miles as the crow flies. 

Diagram showing the settlements of the Stiffs. 




CAM . 







X 2^ miles X 14 m. X 5 »i. 




Kilcot & Ingleston 








boro 1 


22 miles from Wantage 
and Lamboum, 
Pamber and Sherborne. 


Medieval Stiffs of Hawkesbury. 275 

Hawkesbury, the oldest known settlement of the Stiffs in 
Gloucestershire, is an extensive parish some thirty-five miles in 
circumference, and anciently was known as the mother of seven 
daughters, for as many distinct tithings or hamlets lay within its 
bounds. These were : — Hillesley, Tresham, Kilcot, Saddlewood 
or the Waste, Hawkesbury Upton, Ingleston, and Little 
Badminton. The mother church of St. Mary lies at the foot of 
the hill, on which, about half a century ago, was erected the 
monument to Lord Arthur Somerset, so familiar to railway 
travellers between Gloucester and Bristol. As a parish church, 
it is well worth a visit on account of its many interesting 
architectural features, not the least noticeable being the fine 
stone pulpit from which the successive vicars of Hawkesbury 
have preached for the last five or six centuries. 

The chancel was the burial placeof the Jenkinson family, and 
here still hang many of the banners of the Earls of Liverpool, 
while in the chapel, at the end of the south aisle, are various 
inscriptions to the old Gloucestershire family of Stinchcombe, 
who are still numerous in the parish, though no longer holding 
the position they once did. The only mention of the Stiffs to 
be found in the church is of one who is mentioned as a church- 
warden in the last century, on an old benefaction table. Bigland 
however records some inscriptions to the family in the graveyard. 

The parish church is situated at what was anciently known as 
Stoke Hawkesbury, or simply as Stoke, but this distinctive name 
has long been extinct, and is scarcely mentioned even in the 
county histories, though it is as we shall see of frequent 
occurence in the manorial rolls. On the top of the hill, behind 
the church, is the village, most appropriately known as Hawkesbury 
Upton, whilst a mile away in the deep combe, at the end of the 
hills, which spur off on the other side, is the hamlet of Kilcote 
one of the seven tithings of Hawkesbury already referred to, 
It is a picturesk spot, with its farmhouses, cottages, and mills along 
side the stream which runs down the narrow valley, on its way 
towards Severn. The hamlet is a straggling place about a mile 
in length, the one end of it being known* as Upper Kilcote, and 
the other as Lower Kilcote. Though the Stiffs have long since 
ceased to live here, there is yet a field in Kilcote which goes by 
the name of " Stiff's close." John Styffe was a copy holder here 
as early as 1422, and many of the family remained associated 
with the place quite late in the seventeenth century. 

276 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Inglesiofiy another hamlet of Hawkesbury, about a mile north 
of the church, gives its name to the still unenclosed Ingleston 
Common, and when we look at the old-fashioned farmhouses, 
and the thatched cottages which fringe the common, we realize 
how little it can have changed in appearance during the last two 
or three hundred years. This hamlet, like Kilcote, was a 
favourite residence of the Stiffs, as we shall observe when we 
come to deal with their history in the seventeenth and eighteenth 

It is almost unnecessary to remark that we find offshoots at 
different times settled in the neighbouring places, such as 
Wickwar, Chipping Sodbury, Oldbury-on-the-Hill, etc. Specially 
we may mention Iron Acton^ some five miles south-west of 
Hawkesbury, where there is still a settlement of Stiffs. One 
branch of this line migrated to Dover in the early part of this 
century, and is now resident there. In the early part of the 
seventeenth century a still existing branch of the Kilcote Stiffs 
settled at Woiion-under-Edge, and later on, removed to Dursley, 

Another branch, the descendants of Anthony Stiff, of Kilcote, 
who died in 1607, migrated in the seventeenth century to Cam^ 
eight miles north of Hawkesbury, and were landowners in that 
parish as late as 1837, being at the present time, freeholders in 
adjoining parish of Uley, 

There was also an eighteenth century settlement of Stiffs at 
North Nihleyy who almost certainly sprang from the Ingleston 

Hawkesbury formed part of the the possessions of the Abbey 
Church of St. Mary at Pershore in Worcestershire, and of course, 
at the dissolution of the monasteries, came into the hands of the 
crown.* It is doubtless due to this fact, that there are still 
preserved in the Public Record Office, many of the early court 
rolls of the manor of Hawkesbury. This circumstance is a 
fortunate one, for it enables us to show the continued existence 
of the Stiffs in the parish from the early part of the fifteenth 
century onwards. 

As the name is not found in any of the extant rolls before 
141 9, we are inclined to think that that date approximately 

* The manor of Hawkesbury alicLS Stoke Hawkesbuiy, was granted at the 
dissolution to Sir John Boteler, knight, who was also possessed of the manor 
of Upton, alids Hawkesbury, but the lordship of Stoke Hawkesbury, 
ultimately passed to the Jenkinson family, in whom it is still vested. 


Mediemil Stiffs of Hawkesbury. 277 

indicates the period when the Stiffs first settled in Gloucestershire, 
though unfortunately too many of the early rolls are missing 
to enable us to affirm this with certainty. Probably they were 
immigrants from the neighbouring county of Wilts* It is not 
a little singular that at present we are without any trace of the 
name throughout the whole of the fourteenth century, and 
indeed for some years before. For the medieval history of a 
family like this, always few in number, leading an uneventful 
career, and rarely rising above the yeoman class, it is almost 
useless to search patent rolls, inquisitions, and the like. What 
we have to rely upon, are early wills, deeds, and charters, assize 
rolls and subsidy rolls, and above all, manor rolls, which contain 
records of the small land-owners such as the Stiffs in Gloucester- 
shire, always appear to have been as far back as we can trace 
them. Most of these records are practically sealed books, but 
happily as the early manor rolls of Hawkesbury are in the Public 
Record Office, it has been found possible to make a careful 
examination of them. 

It will be convenient to give a list of those which are at present 
known to be e2ctant, together with the official reference number. 


14 to 21 Edward I., 1286 to 1293 Port. 14, No. 53. 

No mention of the Stiffs. 

[Gap, 1294-1406.] 

8 to ID Henry IV., 1406-1408 Port. 14, No. 54. 

No mention of the Stiffs. 
[Gap, 1408-1417.] 

5. Henry V., 1418 

6. Henry V., 1419 

7. Henry V., 1420 

8. Henry V., 1421 

9. Henry V., 1422 • . 

10. Henry V., r423 

4, Henry VI., 1425 

5, Henry VI., r426. 

6, Henry VI., 1427 

36, Henry'v^I?'4j8.'::tf.? \^ort. .^ No. 56. 

37, Henry VI., 1459. 

38, Henry VI., 1460. 

39, Henry VI., 1461. 

'Port. 14, No. 55. 

[Gap, 1462-1479.] 

rv., 1470. . 

9, Edward IV., 1470. 

12, Edward IV., 1473 .- [ Port. 14, No. 57. 

13, Edward IV., 1474. 

278 Gloucestershire Notes a7id Queries. 

14, Edward IV., 1475 Port. 39, No. 64. 

[Gap, 1476-1530.] 

16, Henry Vll., 1501 Port. 14, No. 58. 

[Gap, 1502-1511.] 

3, Henry VIII., 1512 ) 

[Gap, 1513-1528.] > Port. 14, No. 59. 

20, Henry VIIL, 1529 ) 

[Gap, 1530-1534] 

26, Henry VIIL, 1535 Port. 31, No. 51, 

Here the manorial rolls of Hawkesbury cease, so far as the 
Public Record Office is concerned.* 
We may now give the results of a perusal of these records : — 
At the view of Frankpledge held for Stoke, t,e,, Stoke Hawkes- 
bury, at Martinmas, 6 Henry V., 1419, the jury presented John 
Styffe for breaking the assize of ale, and he was therefore 
amerced in the sum of sixpence. 

Johannes Styffe. .. .brasiavit et fregit assisam; ideo in 
At the same court in a suit, Thomas Sturgys, v, Richard 
Maynard, the " plegii de lege," or sureties were Robert Ka and 
John Styffe, the latter being doubtless the individual previously 
fined for breaking the assize of ale, and as entries lower down 
describe him as "Johannes Styffe, Wodeward;" in 1422 and 1426 we 
conclude, that to him fell the task of supervizing the woods of the 
Abbot of Pershore. How necessary such an officer was, the 
numerous entries relating to trespassers in the lord's woods very 
clearly shows. 

As we have already intimated, these entries are the earliest 
records of the name in Gloucestershire, which at present we 
have met with. 

At the Martinmas court, 9 Henry V., 1421, John Styffe is again 
presented for breaking the assize of ale, and is fined as before, 
6d., which appears to have been the usual amount for this 
very common offence. 

At the last mentioned court he obtained a grant of the 
reversion of a messuage in Kilcote then held by Alice Trode, for 
the lives of himself, his wife Margaret and Edith, their 
daughter, for which he gave the lord a fine of 6s. 8d, as well 

« In reply to an inauiry, Sir George B. Jenkinson states that he possesses 
no manor rolls for Hawkesbory. Possibly they have strayed from their proper 
custody, for it seems unlikely that all the court rolls since the time of Henry 
VIII., can have been destroyed. 

Since writing the above more of the Hawkesbury Court rolls have come to light 
in the Public Record office, viz. 12-16 Henry VI, and 27-31 Henry VI. The 
references in them to John Styffe must be dealt with later. 

Medieval Stiffs of Havukesbury. 279 

as the grant of a house and meadow in Kilcote, on the like 
terms after the death of Juliana, the wife of Thomas Harrys, 
but the amount of the fine for the latter is not now legible. 
The grants further provided thai they should render to the lord 
the same dues as did Alice Trode and Juliana Harrys, but these 
unfortunately are not specified. The grants are thus recorded : — • 

Ad istam [curiam] Dominus concessit Johanni Styffe et 

Margarete uxori ejus et Edithe filie eorum j 

messuagium cum pertinentiis in Kylcote quod Alicia 
Trode modo tenet post decessum eorum [sic] Tenendum 
Johanni Margarete uxori ejus et Edithe ad terminum 
vite eorum secundum consuetudinem ejus manerii 
per rotulum curie Reddendum ind6 [domino prefato] 
in omnibus sicut predicta Alicia inde prius reddere et 
facere consuevit Et dat Domino de fine vj" viij* Et fecit 
domino fidelitatem. 

Item concessit predicto Johanni StyfFe et Margarete et 

Edithe j domum cum j prati in Kylcote post 

decessum Juliane uxoris Thome Harrys cum acciderit 
Tenendum eisdem Johanni et Margarete et Edithe ad 
terminum vite eorum per rotulum curie Reddendum 
inde domino prefato in omnibus sicut predicta Juliana 
Et fecit domino fidelitatem Et dat [domino de fine] j. . . 

As the previous entries relating to John Stiff are under Stoke, 
the present Hawkesbury, these two grants may indicate the date 
at which the Stiffs were first settled at Kilcote. 

John StyfFe is again referred to as the "woodward" under 
Woodcrofte, at the Hockday court, held 10 Henry V., 1422. 

WoodcrofU £. Attachi' Johannis Styf wodeward ibidem 
prout paret in [extracta ?] eidem deliberata. 

At the Martinmas court, held 4 Henry VI., 1425, for Kyllecote, 
John Styffe is again amerced in the sum of sixpence, for 
breaking the assize of ale, and we are therefore infer 
that sometime between 1421 and 1425, he had removed from 
Hawkesbury to Kilcote. 

At the view of frankpledge held at Martinmas, 5 Henry VI., 
1426, for Kylcote, John Styff was ordered to repair his tenement. 
At the view of Frankpledge held Hockday, 6 Henry VI., 

ue 1428, mention seems to be made of a John Styff, under 

Badmynton, probably Badminton Parva, a village near to 
Hawkesbury, and indeed one of the seven hamlets appurtenant 
to it, but the roll is too faded to fully decypher the entry. 

Unfortunately, a gap of thirty years occurs in these manor 

28o Gloucesk^hire Notes and Queries. 

rolls, but in the next one which is extant, that of the Hockday 
court, 36 Henry VI. we first find mention of a Nicholas Styfe, as 
a pledge. 

The death of John Styffe was presented at a view of frank- 
pledge, held at Martinmas, 37 Henry VI., 1458. From this we 
•gather that he held a cottage in Kilcot, at the rental of 9s. 4d. 
a year, and that there accrued to the lord as a heriot, an ox, of 
the value of 8s. The cottage itself descended to his son, 
Nicholas Styflf. In the absence of the court rolls for 1427 to 
1457, it is of course not possible to decide whether these 
premises are identical with either of these granted to John Styff, 
thirty seven years before, or indeed whether the John Styff of 
1419 and 1422, may be identified with the one whose death is 
now noted, although such may very possibly be the case. 

At the Hockday court in the following year, 38 Henry VI., 
1460, Nicholas Styff was admitted tenant of a messuage in 
Kilcote, lately in the occupation of John Hewys. This house 
Nicholas Stiff obtained for the term of his own life and that of 
his wife, Agnes, at the annual rent of eight shillings, payable 
quarterly, and subject to a heriot at his death or departure. 

The record of these transactions runs thus : — 

Hawkesbury. View of Frankpledge, St. Martin, 37 
Henry VI. [1458]. 

Kylcote. Item presentant quod Johannes Styffe diem suum 
clausit extremum qui de domino tenuit unum cotagium 
cum pertinentiis sub redditu per annum ix" iiij'* unde 
accidit domino de herietto unus bos pretii viij". Et 
cotagium predictum cum pertinentiis remanet NichoUao 
filio dicti Johannis ut patet per copiam suam per 
dominum inde sibi concessum. 

Hawkesbury. View of Frankpledge, Hockday, 38 
Henry VI. [1460]. 

Stolu. Ad istam venit Nicholaus Styffe et cepit de domino 
unum messuagium cum pertinentiis in Kylcote nuper in 
tenura Johannis Hewys viij" per annum et omnia 
cervicia inde prius debita et de jure consueta Habendum 
et tenendum totum predictum messuagium cum 
pertinentiis predicto Nicholao et Agneti uxori ejus ad 
terminum vite sue suxessive; reditu viij" ad quatuor 
terminos ; Heriot at death or departure " bidens pretii 
12*" No fine because he repairs and maintains **i 
ormeum de duobus spaciis." Nicholas Styff is then 
admitted and does fejEdty. 

Medieval Stiffs of Hawhsbury. 281 

Hawkesbury: View of Frankpledge, 39 Henry VI, 

Stoke, Nicholas Styffe is presented and fined i]^ for 
allowing his beasts to trespass on the sown fields 
^* campos seminales " at Bagulaye. 
A gap of seven years now occurs in the rolls, and the next 
mention of the name is in 1470 when the tithingman presented 
Thomas Stiffe, who together with others, had broken the assize 
of ale, and had permitted the common way at Copjmes hende to 
fall into disrepair. 

Hawkesbury: View of Frankpledge, 9 Edward IV., 

Stoke, Decennarius ibidem cum decennia Item 

presentat quod Robertus Forde, viS Thomas Styffe^ y'\\ 

Thomas Byke, viS et Willielmus vi*, brasiaverunt 

etfregeruntassisam ; ideoipsiinmisericordia Item 

presentat quod communis via apud Copynes hende jacet 

in fund. • . .in defalto Thome Wymbolde, Thome Styffe^ 

Willielmi BuUesdone [etc and order was made for them 

to amend the same.] 

At the Hockday court for Stoke, 12 Edward IV., 1472, 

presentment is made of an estray which, it is stated, is in the 

possession of Thomas StyfT, and lower down on the same 

membrane is another entry respecting him, but now too faded 

to be read. Thomas Styffe was a juror at the Hockday cpurt 

for Stoke in the following year 1474. He was amerced sixpence 

for breaking the assize of ale, and is again mentioned in 

connection with an estray. 

At the Martinmas court, 13 Edward IV., 1473, under Kylcote, 
Nicholas Styffe is recorded as breaking the assize of ale, thus 
again incurring a fine of sixpence, and a further presentment is 
made, that the gate at Elyottys lane lies broken, through the 
default of John Wyrlicke, Edith Gumey, and Nicholas Styffe, 
and they were ordered to repair it by the following Sunday. 

At the Hockday court in 14 Edward IV., 1474. Nicholas 
Styffe appears as a juror, and under Kylcote he is presented for 
not making up his portion of a hedge called Hewyns hegge in 
accordance with an order of the preceding court. He and two 
others were fined a shilling each, but this it appears, was subse- 
quently remitted. 
The entry in the roll is to the following effect : — 

Kylcote. Homagium ibidem venit et presentat quod 
Nicholaus Styffe^ Willelmus Langedon et Editha Gomney 
non fecerunt purpartes illius sepis vocati hewyns hegge 
sicut habuerunt in presepto in curia presedente ; ideo 

VOL. V. T 

282 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

incurrunt penam habendam in curia procedente, viz. 

quilibet coram xij** et postea dominus p'c* afferatores 

penam predictam pardonavit. 

An entry made at the same court, shows that Thomas Styffe of 

Stoke [Hawkesbury] was again in possession of an estray, a 

small dun coloured horse, worth three shillings. 

Stoke : Item, presentant unum parvum equum coloris "dun'' 
precii iij' provenientem in extrahuria citra festum Sancti 
Johannis et remanet in custodia Thome Styffe £t 
preceptum est quod proclamatur per curiam. 
Another unfortunate gap ensues, this time of five and twenty 
years, and then we find a Nicholas Styffe acting as a juror at the 
Martinmas court in i6 Henry VII., 1500. It is scarcely likely 
that he is to be identified with his namesake, the son of John 
Styffe, who was a copyholder at Kilcote some years before, more 
likely he is the Nicholas Stiffe, who was tenant of two messuages 
at Kilcot ih 151 2. From 1501 to 1512 is again another gap, and 
we find in the latter year, both John Stiff and William Stiff 
acting as jurors at the court, the precise date of which we cannot 
decypher. At the same court one Clement Fenne was granted 
the reversion of two messuages in Kilcote, known as Stiff's and 
Webbe'si after the death of Nicholas Stiff, or sooner deter- 
mination of his interest in them. 

The entry on the roll last referred to is this : — 

Hawkesbury : View of Frankpledge ; feast of 

3 Henry VIII. 

Kylcote : Captio reversionis. 

Ad banc curiam venit Clemens Fenne et cepit de domino 
reversionem duoram messiagiorum unius cotlandi et 
dimidie virgate terre cum suis pertinentiis in Kilcote 
vocati Styffes et Webbes modo in tenura Nicholai Styff 
immediate et quam [cito cum] accident post decessum 
sue discessum sursum-redditum seu foris facturam 
ejusdem Nicholai Stiff tenendum sibi pro termino vite 
sue secundum consuetudinem manerii pro redditibus 
consuetudinibus et serviciis inde prius debitis et 
consuetis, secta curie et heriettum cum acciderit. £t 

dat domino de fine pro statu inde pro reversione 

predicta sic habendum x* £t sic admissus est £t fidelitas 
respectuata quousque etc. 
Whether Nicholas Stiff was then an old man, we of course 
cannot say, though it seems very probable. 

Only two subsequent court rolls are known to be extant, and 
they do not enable us to add to the pedigree. The lay subsidy 
roll of 14-15, Henry VIII., 1523, shows both William Stiff and 
Joyce Styffe, paying 6s. apiece upon £i% "in bonis;" the latter 


Medieval Stiffs of Hawkesbury. 283 

Joyce or Jecosa StyfFe may have been the widow of either John or 
Nicholas. At the Hockday court in 20 Henry VIII., 1529, the 
tithing of Stoke presented William Styffe and others for allowing 
their pigs to ramble at large, and fined them each twopence, and 
Joyce StyfFe, produced a "copy," dated 17 April, 17 Henry VIII., 
1526, relating to the subletting of premises in the tithing of 
Stoke and a croft in Upton. The last reference in the court rolls 
is Hockday, 26 Henry VIII., 1535, when William StyfF served 
on the jury. The entries relating to Joyce Styffe and William 
Siyffe follow : — 

lecosa Styffe exibuit unam copiam gerentem datum xvii die 
Aprilis, Anno regni Regis Henrici octavi xvij facere et 
habere subtenentem sive subtenentes de et in uno 
messuagio et in j pastura vocata Alseley infra decenniam 
de Stoke. Et de una crofta vocata West bame in 
Upton, etc. 
Hawkesbury. View of Frankpledge, Tuesday in feast 
of Hockday, 20 Henry VIII., 1529. 

Stoke \ Decennia et homagium presentat Ed quod 

Thomas Pytcher, ij**, Willelmus Brownyng, ij'* Willelmus 
Styffe^ ij**, Nicholaus Prowte, ij'*, et Johannes Pen, ij**, non 
ambulandos porcos habuerunt in precepto ideo ipsi in 

(To he continued,) 


Notes on the Trotman Family (continued). 

Richard Trotman^ of Berkley, mercer. 2 l^'eb., 1672. My 
wife Anne. My son. My children. My daughter Mary, under 
21. My [wife's ?] sister Susannah. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1672. 

Samuel Trotman^ of Bucknell, Oxon, and of the Inner Temple, 
barrister-at-law, 24 May, 1684, ** being aged," to be buried in the 
parish church of Bucknall in the grave of Mary, my late wife, 
within three days of my decease. Recites marriage of son 
Samuel with Dorothy, dau. of Robert Dring, Esq., and indentures 
of 5 and 6 Dec, 1677, whereby he settled the lordship and 
manor of Shelswell and Newton-Purcell, with the advowson of 
the church or chapel thereof; and the manor house or site of 
the manor of Syston with the advowson of the church and lands 
in Hill, upon his said son in tail male : mentions, that a great 
mistake was made in the said settlement by the omission of the 
word " male " in the limitation to son Samuel, which he hopes 
to rectify in his lifetime, otherwise his son Samuel is to apply to 

284 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Chancery or Parliament to rectify the same ; recites marriage, of 
Lenthall Trotman with Mary, his wife, and settlement of lands 
in Bucknall on said Lenthall in tail male, with remainder to 
Samuel, and settlement of the manor of Bucknall on son 
Lenthall : recites indenture of 22 May inst., and conveyance of 
Old Lodge, etc., to son Samuel, and also grant of chattels, etc., 
to son-in-law Robert Wadman, Esq., and John Grodfrey, gent., 
with trusts for daughters Susan and Sarah : to Susan, a special 
legacy of ;^Soo for " her special care and pains with me in my 
great weakness;" daughter, Hannah Wadman; son-in-law, 
Richard Osborne, barrister-at-law, and my daughter Mary, his 
wife, who died within three years without issue ; cousin Joseph 
Haynes, of Frampton ; to cousin Joseph Lufl5ngham, / 20, to 
encourage him in his vocation as a minister of the gospel; 
executor not to demand the 20 marks, my share of ;^2o lent him 
by me and my cousin, Edward Trotman, until he is willing and 
able to pay the same: cousin Sibell Hunt; cousin Edward 
Trotman, Secondary of the Poulter Counter ; my friend, 
Mr. John Godfrey, the elder; Mr. Evans, parson of Heath; 
;^20 for further stock for the poor of Bucknall ; to son Lenthall, 
my implements of husbandry. Residuary legatee and executor, 
son Samuel. 

Proved 30 Jan., 1684-5. 

Edward Trotman, of Berkeley, administration, 1685. Computus 
super administrationem bonorum Edwardi Trotman de Berkeley, 
redditus per Timotheum Trotman, fratrem, 20 May, 1685. 
Restat, ;^io : 8 : o. 

Proved at Gloucester. 

John Trotman, of Combe, in the parish of Wotton-under-edge, 
broadweaver, 10 Dec, 1687. My sister, Susannah Bennet, of 
Wotton; my son, John; my cousin, Richard Trotman, now 
living in Wotton with Mr. Rouse " tumey ; " my cousin, Sarah 
Ball ; my cousin, Ann Watkins, of Kingswood, Wilts ; Elizabeth 
Baker, of Berkeley. My wife to be sole executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 27 April, 1688, by Ann Trotman, widow, 
;^48 : 5 : o. 

Thomas Tratman, of Littell Grenn, in the parish of North 
Nibley, broad weaver, 6 Feb., 1691. My eldest son, Thomas 
Tratman ; my son, Samuell Tratman ; my son, Daniell Tratman ; 
my sons, Joseph Tratman and John Tratman. My wife, Judith 
Tratman, to be executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 4 May, 1692, ;^8 : 2 : o. 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 285 

Edith Tratman, widow, and relict of Samuel Tratman, of 
Stancomb, in the parish of Stinchcombe, clothyer, deceased, 19 
Aug., 1 68 1. To be buried in the churchyard of Stinchcombe, 
near my deceased husband. My daughter, Sarah Trotman, to 
be sole executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 April, 1693, £1^ : 2 : 4. 

Daniel Trotman^ of Cam, yeoman, 21 July, 1693. I am jointly 
seized and entitled with my brother, Robert Trotman, (after the 
decease of Lydia and Sarah, my sisters,) of and in the remainder 
and inheritance of lands, &c., in Littleton upon Seaveme. My 
brother agrees to relinquish his right of survivorship ; Jane, my 
wife ; my messuage in Dursley ; my children to be bred up, and 
my sons apprenticed; my brother, Robert Trotman, and my 
cozen, John Phillimore,* to be overseers. Witnesses — Susanna 
Trotman, Robert Trotman, and others. 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 April, 1694, ;^2*4 '.0:0. 

Ann Trotman^ of Wotton-under-edge, widow, aged, 15 April, 
1695, 7 Wm. III. Samuell James, his wife; Thomas Phillips. 
I have a bill of Sir Grabrill Low hande for ;^20. My will is 
that his dafter, Lidyah, should have one half of it of her father, 
and the other halfe to my executrix I doe leafe. Christian 
Phillimore's son. Abraham Cornell. Residue to Mary Witcholl, 
daughter of Jonathan Witcholl, my executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 July, 1695, by Mary Witchell, 
£l\ : II : o. 

Mary Tratman^ of Wotton-under-edge, widow, 12 Feb., i6g6. 
My son, William Tratman; my kinsman, William Tratman; 
my daughter, Mary Rorleh (?) ; my daughter, Ann Trinly ; my 
son, Charles Wallengun's children : my brother, Richard Tether. 
Charles Tratman and Ann Trinley, to be executors. 

Proved at Gloucester, 11 Sept., 1697, by Charles Tratman, 
£1^ : 2 : o. 

William Trotman^ of Slimbridge. Administration granted at 
Gloucester, to his brother, Joseph (? John) Trotman, 19 May. 
i^37 : 4 : 7- 

Stephen Trotman^ of Slymbridge, taylor, 20 Oct., 3 Anne, 1705. 
My son-in-law, Edmund Workman ; my daughter, Mary Work- 
man ; my grandchildren, John, Edmund, and Elizabeth Workman. 

* In what way the Trotmans were related to the Pbillimores I am unable 
to say, nor can I identify this John Phillimore. — W. P. W. P. 

286 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

My wife, Elizabeth, to be executrix. John Essington, Esq., of 
Slimbridge, George Perkins, baker, Gloucester, and Edward 
White, of Slimbridge, to be Tristys, i,e,, trustees. 
Proved at Gloucester, 8 July, 1707, ;^i5o. 

John Traiman, of Slimbridge, 28 April, 1708. My son, John, 
under age ; my daughter, Mary, ** my broad loom and tooles ; " 
my son, Charles Tratman, under age; my daughter, Hannah 
Tratman. My wife, Elizabeth, to be executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 6 May, 1708, ;^io. 

Sarah Troiman, of Stancomb, 4 Oct., 1702. William 
Trotman, my eldest brother, to be executor ; my brother, Samuell 
Trotman; my kinswoman, Anne Tippin, and her daughters, 
Elizabeth and Mary Tipin ; my sister, Mary Packer ; my kins- 
women, Katherine Pinford and Mary White, to be overseers. 

Proved at Gloucester, 17 April, 1711. 

Samuel Troimatty of Wotton-under-edge. Administration 
granted at Gloucester to Sarah, his widow, ii Dec, 1712. £i(>* 

Mary Trotman^ of Bucknoll, widow, 24 April, 17 10. To be 
buried in parish church of Bucknoll, near my dear husband. 
Poor of Bucknall ; eldest son, Samuel Trotman ; second son, 
Thomas Trotman; third son, Edward Trotman; brother, 
Mr. Thos. Phillipps, of Ickford; my sister, Phillipps; my 
brother's eldest son, Thos. Phillipps; my good friends, 
Mrs. Cross, of Bledlow; Mrs Coxed; Mrs. Davenport, now 
wife of [?] Davenport ; goddaughter. Miss Judith Bush ; Sarah 
Williams and Betty King, late my maids; Mrs. Elizabeth 
Dawson ; cousin, Mary Quarterman ; son, Thomas Trotman, to 
be executor. Witnesses— Eliz*** Dawson, Winifred Skittlethorp, 
Edyth Turner. Codicil^ 4 Apl., 171 2. Thos. Phillipps, eldest 
son of brother Phillipps, ;^ 100 at 21. Nephew, John Phillipps. 

Proved, 13 May, 1715. -P.CC, /oj Fagge. 

William Trotman, of Stancombe, yeoman, 30 Nov., 1711. My 
brother, Samuel Trotman, and his son, William Trotman, my 
godson, the messuage where I now live, and other lands, &c., 
in Stinchcombe and North Nibley ; my brother, Samuel Trotman's 
two daughters, Mary and Sarah ; my sister, Mary Packer, and 
her son, John Packer, of Bristol, and her daughter, Mary Cooke, 
and her daughter, Anne Tipping, and her two children ; the two 
sons of Daniel Packer, son of said sister Mary; the said 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 287 

William Trotman to be executor. Edward Smith, of Froster, 
Gierke, Thomas Tyndall, and John Pinfold, of Stinchcombe, 
gent., to be overseers. 

Proved at Gloucester, 28 Sept., 1715, by William Trotman^ 
nephew of deceased. £i^ : 16:0. 

Daniel Trotman^ of Horsley, broad-weaver, 5 Dec, 1715. My 
son, John Trotman ; my three daughters^ Mary, Hannah, and 
Jane. My wife, Jane, to be executrix. 

Proved at Gloucester, 30 Nov., 17 16, by Jane Trotman, widow- 

William Trotman^ junr., of North Nibley, clothworker, 10 
June, 171 6. To be buried there. My daughter, Mary Trotman. 
My wife, Mary Trotman, to be co-executrix. My father^ 
Nicholas Trotman, of North Nibley, to be overseer. 

Proved at Gloucester, 15 Oct., 1717- 

Samuel Trolman, of the tithing of Alkington, Berkley, 
yeoman, 25 Jan., 17 16-7. George Trotman, my brother, and his 
son, George Trotman (and his four daughters, Mary, Anne, 
Sarah, and Elizabeth Trotman, under 18), William Trotman, my 
nephew, and John Trotman, his brother. 

Proved at Gloucester, 15 Oct., 171 7, by William and Mary 
Trotman, the executors. 

Jane Trotman^ of Cam, 22 Jan., 1721-2. My son, John 
Trotman ; my son, Charles, deceased ; my son, Daniel Trotman ; 
my son, Robert Trotman; my son, Richard Trotman; my 
daughter, Mary Trotman ; my five children, John, Daniel, Robert, 
Richard, and Mary Trotman. My brother, Nathaniel Hickes, 
and my friend, John Phillimore, the elder, to be overseers. My 
children, Daniel, Richard, and Mary, to be executors. 

Proved at Gloucester, 25 June, 1722, by the said executors, 

Robert Troimany of Cam, gent., 28 May, 1747. My sister, 
Hester, wife of Joseph Coats ; my sister, Sarah, wife of Richard 
Jeffeiys; my niece, Millesent Davies, now in London; my 
nephews, Robert Coats and Charles Smith, and my three nieces, 
daughters of my said sister, Sarah Jeffeiys. Residue to my 
wife, Betty. She to be executrix. Witnesses — ^John Flower, 
William Jones. 

Proved, 7 Nov., 1759. Probate in the possession of Rev. 
C. H. Mayo. P.C.C., Arran 337, 

288 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Margaret Trotman of Cam, spinster, s April, 1745. All my 
freehold messuages, land, &c., not already settled to uses, upon 
the trusts named in certain Indentures, quadripartite, of 1 6 Dec, 
1727, between me and my late sister Eleanor Trotman, of the 
ist part, my late dec*^ kinsman Richard Trotman and Robert 
Trotman, his brother, of the 2nd part, Thos. Rous of Wotton 
nnderedge, esq., since deceased, and Thos. Rous the younger, 
his son, of the 3rd part, and Wm. Fowler, late of Cam, deceased, 
and Richard Oliver, the younger of Dursley, clothier, of the 4th 
part, touching the messuages, lands, &c., thereby settled, from 
and after my decease to the said Robert Trotman and his heirs 
male. A rent charge ofjfio, issuing out of my capital messuage 
at Cam is not to be applied to provide a dame to teach children 
to read, sew, or work, &c., as expressed in the said indentures, 
but £6 to be given to six poor widows of Cam, on S. Thomas* 
Day yearly, and £4. in bread to the poor, on the same day. 
Sarah, wife of Richard Jeflferys, of Wotton-under-edge, and 
Hester, wife of Joseph Cape [Coats], of the same place, both 
sisters of the said Robert Trotman. Charles Smith, son of 
Judith Smith, late of Slimbridge, dec**; my kinsman, John 
Tyler, of Bristol; my godson, John, son of Richard Tyler; 
Rachel Skey, youngest daughter of my cousin, Thos. Skey; 
my cousin, Joan Skey, daughter of my late cousin, Eliz*^ Skey, 
formerly Eliz*** Tyler, the s** Rachel Skey, her niece ; Eliz"*, the 
wife of Robert Trotman (formerly Eliz*^ Hancock). Residue to 
my kinsman, Robert Trotman, he to be sole exor. Witnesses 
— ^Thos. Cam, W" Cam, Will. Jones. Codicil, 25 June, 1745. 
Witness — ^Will. Jones. 

Proved, P.C.C, April, 1747, by Robt, Trotman. 

Probate in possession of Rev. C. H. Mayo. 

Beiiy Trotman of Chipping Sodbury, widow, 20 Sept., 1792. 
To be buried at Cam, in the same vault with my late husband, 
and my name and age to be engraved on his monument ; my 
man and maid servant, Samuel Isaacs and Ann Trotman; to 
my nephew, Robert Trotman Coates, of Nettleton, Wilts, clerk, 
my freehold lands which I bought at Westbury upon Trim ; his 
two sisters, Betty Hardwicke and Mary Dyer ; my silver tankard 
engraved with the late Mr. Trotman's coat of arms; Harriot 
Hardwicke, daughter of the said Betty Hardwicke; Sarah 
Stafford ; Mrs. Rolph, of Thombury, widow of my late cousin, 
Mr. George Rolph, deceased ; Elizabeth, daughter of Richard 
Bayly, of Wotton-under-edge, and her brother, Robert Bayly ; 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 289 

Thomas Woolwright, of Berkeley, and his children by his first 
wife; Betty Chandler; Mary Collins, Ann Hancock, George 
Rolph, and Rachel, dau. of Joseph Rolph ; the children of ■ 

Orchard, deceased, at 21, to be paid to the hands of their uncle- 
in-law, William Bence Hancock, of Sodbury; my tenant, 
Edward Painter ; my kinsman, Mr. Georjfe Rolph, of Thombury ; 
Hannah Rolph, of Nibley, in the parish of Westerleigh ; the 
daughters of my late cousin, Mr. George Rolph, deceased, and 
their brother, Mr. George Rolph ; my late sister, Collins ; 
George Rolph, of Rodford; Hannah Hancock, of Sodbury; 
the 7 daus. of Mr. Geo. Rolph, deceased, viz. ; — Betty, Sarah* 
Amelia, Susanna, Hester, Ann, and Mary; the children of 
James Orchard, by his late wife, deceased ; Betty, wife of my 
tenant, Edward Painter; Mary, wife of Thos. Hath way, of 
Westerleigh ; Hannah, daughter of said Mary Collins ; George 
Rolph and his brother, Mr. Thomas Rolph, and the daughters 
of his late deceased father; Hannah Collins, of Chipping 
Sodbury, daughter of John and Mary Collins. Mary Dyer, sole 
executrix. Witnesses — ^Thos. Brooke, Fitzherbert Brooke, Jn® 
Marsh. Codicil^ 10 May, 1793. Witnesses — Richard Goodman, 
of Lidney, and Thos. Brooke; second codicil, 19 Apl., 1795. 
Witnesses — ^Jas White, Elizabeth Roach, Thos. Brooke. 

Proved, P.C.C., 14 March, 1797, by Mary, wife of Robert 
Dyer, sole ex. 

Probate in the possession of Rev. C. H. Mayo. 

monumbntal inscriptions. 

Iron Acton. 

In memory of | John Trotman, gent, who | was here interred, 
August iS**", I A.D. 1727, in the 36 year of his age. 


Here lieth the Body of | Mrs. Dorothy Trotman, widow | of 
Mr. Edmund Trotman, of Witney, | in Oxfordshire, who was 
buried June 28, 1729, aged 34 years. « 


Richard Tratman, of Berkely, buried 5 Feb., 1672. 
Ann, his wife, buried 15 April, 1675. 
John, their son, buried 11 March, 1670. 


290 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

George Trotman, of Lower Wick in this parish, died 15 Feb., 
1745, aged 80. 
Ann, his wife, died 15 Sept., 1749, aged 80. 

John Tratman, of Breadstone, died 20 Jan., 1727, aged 38. 

Ann, daughter of Charles Tratman, of Breadstone, died 13 
Sept., 1776, aged 30. 

Hester, wife of Charles Tratman, of Breadstone, died 25 May, 
1766, aged 64. 


William Trotman died 29 April, 1772, aged 46. 

Maiy, wife of Thomas Trotman, died 30 Oct., 1781, aged 55. 


The quaint epitaph on the tomb of Mr. Edward Trotman, 
who died in 1633, has already been given on p. 18. It is only 
necessary to add here that this tomb is not in the church, as 
stated by Smyth, but on the north side of the churchyard, and 
that on the end are sculptured the arms of Trotman quartering 

On a tablet against the north wall of the nave surmounted by 
the arms of Trotman. 

In memory of | Edward Trotman of the Steps, in y? | Parish, 
Gent., and Margaret his wife. | He was Buried y* 10*** day of 
May, I 1638, in y* Churchyard near this Ifle, | and covered with a 
Tomb Stone, | And she was Buried is this Ifle the | 22"* day of 
October, 1663. | Alfo in Memory of Nicholas Trotman, | Gent., 
(son of y* aforesaid Edw. Trotman) | & Ann his wife, whofe 
Remains were in | y* Isle depofited. His, January 22**, 1707 ; | 
Her's, July 2**, 1705. | Alfo in Memory of Charles, Edward,. 
Esther, Ann, | aiid Elianor Trotman, immediate Descendants. | 
From the said Nicholas and Ann | 

i Charles, \ /March 6th, 1681. 

Edward, / . . \ April 6th, 1726. 

Esther, inrdlpofited. S^"' l^l^^ '^^^' 
Ann, \ ^ / Dec' 8th, 1702. 

Elianor, / V Dec' 24th, 1728. 

Margaret Trotman, deceaf'd, Feb' 8**", 1746; | Robert 
Trotman, Gent., Deceafed, | October the 20***, 1759, Aged 75 
years; | Also of Betty, his Relict, who died | Feb' 13***, 1792^ 
aged 81 years. 


Notes 071 the Trotman Family. 291 

Formerly on flat stones — Here resteth the Body of ] Nicholas 
Trotman, of this parish, Gent., | who departed this life the 
20*** Day of | January, Anno Dom. 1706. | 

Ann, his wife, died June 30, Anno Dom. 1705. 

Ann, daughter of Nicholas Trotman, Gent., | died the 3"* 
Day of December, 1702. 

Robert Trotman, gent., died Oct. 20, 1759, aged 73. 

Formerly on tombs in the churchyard — Anne, the wife of 
Edward Trotman, | daughter of Richard Wats, | of Stroud, 
by Mary, his Wife, | Daughter of John Hall, of | Woodchester 
Court. 1 She was born the 28th of April, 1557, | married the 20th 
of Jan., 1575, I and of her good Life made | a godly End the 
4*^ of Nov., 1635. 

Edward Trotman, the younger, son of Nicholas Trotman, 
and Cisley, his wife, of Breadstone, died May 9, 1638, aged 72. 

Daniel Trotman, died July 25, 1769, aged 59. 

On upright stones in the Churchyard — Sacred to the memory j 
of John Trotman, of this Parish, | who departed this life, July 
21'*, 1808, I aged 60 years; Also of Ann, his wife, who died, | 
June 26***, 1783, aged 33 years. | Robert Trotman, of this Parish, | 
died August 24"*, 1798, aged 40 years, | Mary Ann, daughter of 
John and | Arabella Trotman of Dursley, | died Dec' 9***, 1817, 
aged II years. 

In Memory of | Daniel Trotman, of this parish, | who died 
August 11"* 1773, I in the 50*** year of his age, | Also of Ann 
his Relict, who died | Feb. 27***, 1794, aged 70 years. | Jane 
Harfield died j July ig***, 1769, aged 45 years. | Esther Creed 
died I Sep. 24*^, 1794, aged 89 years. 

On an Altar Tomb, 
In Memory of | JOHN TROTMAN, Linen Dra^ | late of 
Dursley, who died Sept'. 30***, | 1825, aged 43 years. | ELIZA, third 
daughter of JOHN | and ARABELLA TROTMAN, | died March 
12^ I 1852, aged 20 years. | FRANCES TROTMAN, died | July 
9«» 1 841, aged 16 years | ALPHONSO JAMES TROTMAN, 
died Jan. 9***, 1844, | aged 20 years. | ARABELLA, | widow of 
JOHN TROTMAN, | died Dec' 4th, 1867, | aged 82 years. 


2§2 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

On upright stones— D. T., 1748; R. T., 1753; C. T., 1778; 
R.T., 1 781; E.T., 1794. 
. D. T., 1773; A. T., 1794; I. H., 1769; E. C, 1794. 

John Trotman, 1808, Ann Trotman, 1783, Robert Trotman, 
1798, Mary Ann Trotman, 181 7. 

In Memory of | Fredrick, 3"* son of John & | Arabella 
Trotman, | died 2"** March, 1822, aged 14 months, j Also Daniel, 
Eld** son of John | & Arabella Trotman, | died 8"* Oct', 
1825, I aged 17 years. | Also Rossa Honiball, 9*** Dau. | of John 
and Arabella Trotman, | died 24*^ June, 1826, | aged 14 
weeks. | Arabella Honiball Trotman, | died Sept' 7*^, 1836, | 
aged 21 years. | Mary Ann, daughter of | John and Arabella 
Trotman, | died Dec' 9***, 181 7, | aged 11 years. 


Elizabeth Trotman, d. 3 July, 1763, aged 24. 


Chancel: flat stones — ^Elizabeth, wife of William Tratman, 
Gent., and daughter of Robert Rowden, buried 16 May, 1683. 
Thomas Tratman, gent., buried 7 Dec, 1693. 


Formerly in the churchyard — Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel 
Trotman, daughter of Richard and Sarah Merrick, died 16 
March, 1771, aged 63. 

Timothy Trotman, Baker, died 12 Sep., 1773, aged 60. 
Mary, his wife, died 23 Oct., 1773, aged 61. 

William Trotman, died 9 July, 1729, aged 32. 

On Tablets in the "Tabernacle" at Dursley. — In the Old 
Tabernacle lie the Remains of | John Trotman, of this 
town. Card Board maker, | who Died March 2nd, 1839, aged 74 
years. | He was a member of this Christian Church | near half 
a century. | Also Ann, his Wife, who Died September 14*^, 1836, | 
Aged 73 years. | Them which sleep in Jesus, will God bring with 

Richard Trotman, Baker, of this town, died 24th Jan., 18 10, 
aged 66. He chose for his funeral text, 2 Cor. xiii. 2. Bilia, 
wife of Richard Trotman, died 7*** Jan., 1802, aged 71. 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 293 


Elizabeth, wife of William Trotman, died Sep., 20 1771, aged 
40. Three of their children died infants. 
John Trotman, died 7 May, 1747, aged 52. 

Newton Purcell. 

On south wall of nave of Newton Purcell Church, Oxford- 
shire. — In a Vault near this place | are deposited the Bodies of | 
Edward Trotman, Esq., | youngest son of Lenthall Trotman, 
Esq., of Bucknell, and of Mary his wife, | Daughter and Co- 
heiress of Thomas Filmer, Esq., of Amwell | Berry in Hertford- 
shire, by Susannah his wife, Daughter of the | Honorable John 
Fiennes, by whom he had Five | Children, Maiy, Fiennes, 
Susannah, Samuel, and Edward. | 

He Died Sept' 21, 1743, Aged 55. I She Died Aug* 18, 1743. | 

In the same Vault is also deposited the Body of | their Son, 
the Rev* Samuel Trotman, A.M., Rector | of this Parish, who 
married Mary, Daughter of Thomas | Newsam, Esq', of Botelar's 
Marston, Warwickshire, by I whom he had four Children, | Mary, 
Samuel, Fiennes, and Edward. | 

He Died November 28, 1773, | Aged 49. | 

This Monument was Erected by Fiennes Trotman, Esq', | of 
Shelswell, 1777. | 

[Arms and Crest of Trotman."] 

On north wall of nave. — In a Vault near this Place rest the 
Remains of | Fiennes Trotman, of Shelswell, \ in the County 
of Oxford, Esq', | who departed this Life, the ^^ of December, 
1782, I in the 60*** Year of his Age. | He was the Eldest Son of 
Edward Trotman, Esq', by Mary, Daughter and Co-heiress 
of I THOBiAs Filmer, of Amwellbury, | in Hertfordshire, Esq', 
who married Susannah, Daughter of the Honorable John 

[The arms are obliterated, but the Crest, ' A Garb or between 
two feathers' (one broken) remains.] 


On the north wall of the nave of Bucknell Church, Oxford- 
shire. — Neare this place lye y* bodyes of | Samuel Trotman, 
Esq., I who was borne February 10, 1599, | and departed 

294 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

this life, January i8, | 1684, \ And alsoe of Mary, his wife, 
who I departed this life, April 15, 1667. | They had issue 
three sons, Samuel, | Joseph, and Lenthall, and five | 
Daughters, Mary, Hannah, Susannah, | Elizabeth, and 
Sarah. | They lived in y* faith and dyed in | hope of a Resur- 
rection to Glory, j 

Samuel, their eldest son, caused this \ to he erected to their Memory. 

Arms of Trotman^ impaling Sable, three covered cups argent. 

To the north of the chancel arch, on East wall of the Nave — 
Near this place | lies the Body of | Samuel Trotman, Esq% 1 of 
Siston, in County Gloucester, | eldest Son of Samuel Trotman, 
of this parish, Esq., | Who by his first wife, Dorothea, one of 
y* daughters, | and Coheirs of Robert Dring, of Isleworth, 
in the | County Middlesex, Esq., had one daughter, | Dorothea, 
married Samuel Trotman, of this parish, | Esq., who died without 
issue and is buried in this | Church | By his second wife 
Elizabeth, sole daughter and | Heir of the Hon^** William 
Montague, Esq., Lord | Chief Baron of the Exchequer, and 
widow of S' I William Drake, of Shardelois, in County of | 
Bucks, K"* ; he had one daughter, Frances, who died | in her 
Infancy. | He departed this life y* 6*^ day of February, 1719, 
aged 70. 

Arms nearly obliterated. 

On North wall of the nave — Near this place | Lieth the Body 
of Lenthall | Trotman, Esq', (Son of Samuel | Trotman, 
Esq'), who married | Mary, only Daughter of Thomas | 
Phillips, of Ickford, in the | County of Bucks, Gent., By | 
whom he had Issue, Samuel, | Thomas, and Edward. He | 
departed this Life Jan' 22, Ano. | Dom. 1709, iEtat 50. | 

Arms of Trotman impaling, a lion rampant, a chief erm. 

On the South wall of the Nave — Near this place lyes the | Body 
of Samuel Trotman, Esq', | of this Parish, who | departed this 
Life the 2nd | Day of Feb^ 1748, Aged 64. | He was Eldest Son 
of I Lenthall Trotman, Esq', by Mary, | his Wife, who departed | 
this Life the 19*** Day of | Nov^', 1714, In the 52"^* Year | of Her 
Age And was also | Buried in this Church. 

Arms nearly obliterated. 

On South wall of the Nave — Near this Place lieth the | Body 
of Thomas Trotman, Esq', z^ Son | of Lenthall Trotman, Esq'. 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 295 

He Married Elizabeth, | the Daughter of Richard Haynes, Esq% 
of Wick I in Gloucestershire, by whom he had Several | Children, 
who died in their Infancy, and one | Son, Samuel, who Survived 
him. I He died May 26, 175 1, Aged 65. | 

Samuel Trotman, Esq', his Son, | Married Ann, the Daughter 
of Arthur | Plomer, Merchant of Bristol, who died | June 10*** 
1763, and is interred in this | Church. He afterwards married | 
Mary, the Daughter of lohn Stanton, Esq', | of Longbridge, near 
Warwick, who | Survived him. He died without Issue, | Jan'^ 1 3, 
1775, Aged 54, I and is here buried with his Ancestors. | 

This Monument was Erected by | Fiennes Trotman, Esq', of 
Shelswell, | 1777. | 
Arms of Trotman, and crest, a garb between two feathers. 

Stones on the floor of the Nave — Here lieth the Body of 
MARY I TROTMAN, Widow, late Wife of | LENTHAL 
TROTMAN, Esq', | deceased; She departed this life | Nov. 19, 
1 7 14, Aged 52 years. | 

On a lozenge, Trotman impaling a lion rampant. 


Arms of Trotman impaling : — ^a lion rampant, on a chief five 
ermine spots. 

An. Do. 1667, I Hie Jacet Maria Trotman, filia (?) | Samvelis 

Warcup I Samvelis Trotman [The rest almost 


Arms of Trotman impaling three covered cups. 

Here lieth the Body of Dorothea | Trotman, who departed this 
life I May i"*, 1720, in the 41'* year of | her age. | 
Arms obliterated. 

Here lieth the Body of Samuel { Trotman, Esq., who departed 
this I life Feb. 6***, 17^, in the 70*** year | of his Age. | 

Arms obliterated. 

There are two other stones on the chancel floor, partly covered 
by the seats. 


296 Gloucestershire Notes and Qturies. 

Entries from the Bucknell parish register. 
165}. March 12, Joseph, son of Samuell Trotman, Esquire 

(bom 12 Feb.). 
'65 J. Jan' 21, Susanna, daughter of Samuel Trotman, Esq., 

and Mary, his wife (bom 1 7 Jan'), 
'^sl* Jan' 30, Lenthall, son of Samuel Trotman, Esq., and 

Mary, his wife (bom 24 Jan'). 
i66f. Feb. 27, Elizabeth, daughter of Samuell Trotman, 

Esq. (bom 3 Feb.). 
1667. J^y 2^> Sarah, daughter of Samuell Trotman, Esq., 

and Mary, his wife (bom 6 July). 
i68j>. March 9, Samuel, son of Lenthall Trotman, Esq., and 

Mary, his wife (bom 7 March). 
1686. Aug. 4, Thomas, son of Lenthall Trotman, Esq., and 

Mary, his wife (born 3 Aug.). 
1688. June 25, Edward, son of ditto (bom 11 June). 


i66|^. Feb. 4, Elizebeth Tratman. 
1667. Sept. 9, Mary, wyfe of Samuel Trotman, Esq. 
170^. Jan' 26, Lenthall Trotman, Esq. (dyed 22 Jan'). 
1714, Nov. 23, Mrs. Mary Trotman, widow (died 19 Nov.). 
I7tJ. Feb. 9, Mary, daughter of Mr. Edward Trotman (died 

7 Feb.) 
17JJ. Feb. 16, Samuel Trotman, of Siseton, in Glocestershire, 

Esq., died at London Feb. the 6th or 7th, and was 

buried at Bucknel, Feb. 16. 
1720. May 4, Mrs. Dorothea Trotman, wife of Samuel 

Trotman, Esquire (died 1 May). 
174I. Feb. 9, Samuel Trotman, Esq. (died 2 Feb.). 
1751. June I, Thomas Trotman, Esq. (died 26 May). 
1763. June 18, Mrs. Ann Trotman, wife of Samuel Trotman, 

Esq. (died 10 June). 
1775. Jan' 18, Samuel Trotman, Esq. (died 13 Jan'). 

Entries in the Newton Purcell parish register, 
Mary, the Daughter of Mr. Edward & Mrs. Mary Trotman 
was bom Aug. 28th, 1728, and baptized the same day. 

Edward, the son of Mr. Edward and Mrs. Mary Trotman, was 
bom Thursday, March ye i ith, and baptized March ye 12*, 172^ . 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 297 

Samuel, the son of Mr. Edward and Mrs. Mary Trotman, was 
bom Wednesday, March ye i8'\ i72f. 

1733. March 30, Mary, the Daughter of Mr. Edward and 
Mrs. Mary Trotman, was buried ; affid* April 4***. 

1773. The Rev. Mr. Samuel Trotman, Rector of this Parish, 
was buried there the i** day of December, 1773. 

1782. Fiennes Trotman, Esq", was buried the \o^ December, 


On hatchments — i. Argent a cross gules between four roses of 
the second seeded or, barbed vert, Trotman^ impaling Argent 
on a fess sable, between 3 Demi lions couped azure 3 bezants. 

2. Trotman^ as before, with Crest. — A garb erect or banded 
argent and azure, between 2 Ostrich's feathers of the first, quilled 
of the second. 

In the chancel, on a small monument, against the north wall : 

Sacred to the memory of | Samuel, the eldest son of | Fiennes 
and Hester Trotman. I He died in Mortimer Street \ Cavendish 
Square^ May 23rd, | 1788, aged 7 years and a half. | He was a 
child engaging in his manners, { amiable in his disposition, and | 
promising beyond his years. | His remains are deposited in | this 

In the Nave on a flat stone. — Here lieth the Body of | Anne, 
the daughter of | Thomas Trotman, Esq.j and | Elizabeth, his 
wife, I who departed this life | February 12, 1725, aged 7 months, | 
and also Thomas, their son, | who died August 2, 1726, j aged 
14 dayes. 

In the Chancel, against the North wall. — Sacred to the memory 
of I Fiennes Trotman, Esq., of Siston Court in this County, | 
and of Bucknell, in the County of Oxon^ \ only son of Fiennes 
Trotman Esq., | and Elizabeth, his wife, | daughter of | Saunderson 
Miller Esq., | of Radway, in the County of Warwick. | He died 
I ith Sept,^ 1 835, 1 in the 5 ist year of his age, | leaving behind him 
two daughters, | and his afflicted widow, | Elizabeth Anne, only 
daughter of | Thomas Dean, Esq., | of Winchester. | 

During a life well spent, and | without reproach, he discharged 
all the relative | Duties of Society, | with Zeal, Fidelity, and 
fervent Piety. | He served the office of High | Sheriff of this 

VOL. V. u 

298 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

County, I and was for many years | an efficient deputy lieutenant, | 
and an active, just, and | impartial magistrate. | In him the poor, 
to whom he | was ever a willing and generous | benefactor, | and 
his servants, to whom | he was an excellent master, I lost a 
constant and indulgent friend ; { filial affection, domestic virtues, ! 
sincere friendship, and public worth | demand from his discon- 
solate widow I this Tribute to perpetuate the memory of the pious 
son, I the kind Brother | the tender husband, { the affectionate 
Parent, | the warm friend, j the upright Magistrate, | and the 
Christian gentleman. | 

Mr. Daniel Gould, servant to Fiennes Trotman, Esq., of Siston 
Court, died Nov. 23, 1813, in his 79th year. He beheld four 
generations. | Buried in Puckle church. 

H.S.E. j Henrietta, Fiennis Trotman, | Armigeri uxor perquam 
dilecta, | Francisci Litchfield de Northampton | Arm. Filia | pia, 
pudica, prudens | sanctissimis moribus et Virtutis quam semper 
coluit I splendore omatissima | animam Deo reddidit | Pridie Non-* 
Maii I Anno Salutis 1823, Aetatis 31 1 Etiam Fiennis et Henriettae | 
Liberi Ires, | Emmelina Aetatis 4 Salut 1823 | Laurentius Fiennes 
Aetatis i S. 1823. | Johannis Fiennes Aetatis Salut, 1825. | Deus 
dedit. Deus sibimet resumpsit. | Laudetur Dei Nomen. | 

Wm. Brice, servant to Fiennes Trotman, Esq., Oct. 22, 1791, 
aged 23. 

On a headstone in the churchyard. 

John Trotman, j«i., 5 Feb., 1755, aged 58. 
Mary his wife, 15 March, 1742, aged 40. 

Tkotbian Pedigrees. 

The Trotmans have become a very numerous class, and it 
would be manifestly impossible to place them all upon record in 
these pages. The principal line, albeit descended from a younger 
branch, was the family of Trotman, of Syston Court, Gloucester- 
shire, and of Bucknell, in Oxfordshire. There were also the 
Trotmans of Nasse Court, Cam, and the Trotmans of the 
Steps, Cam, both of which families entered their pedigrees in the 
Gloucestershire Visitations. See Visitation of Gloucestershire, 
1623, published by the Harleian Society; and the Visitation of 
Gloucestershire, 1682, edited by Messrs. Fenwick & Metcalfe, 
in 1883. 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 


The Trotmans of the Steps died out in the male line in the 
last century, and the property was purchased by William Turner, 
the ancestor of the present owner Mr. William Turner Turner. 
The Steps had for many years been occupied merely as a farm 
house, but under Mr. Turner's appreciative care this ancient 
mansion has been placed in thorough order, and he has for some 
years past made it his residence. From this family of Trotman 
descends in the female line the Rev. C. H. Mayo, M.A., vicar 
of Long Burton, in Dorsetshire, to whom the reader is indebted 
for many notes respecting the Trotmans 


The Trotmans of Nasse Court or the Knapp entered their 
pedigree at the Visitation of 1682, but their Cam property of 
Nasse Court, which as we have seen was purchased by Thomas 
Trotman in the year 1554, was alienated on the 2 Oct., 1693, 
by John Trotman, the elder, of Camme, gentleman, Susanna, 
his wife, and John Trotman, the younger, his son and heir 
apparent, to Daniel Fowler, of Stonehouse, clothier. The 
purchase money was £\\^\^ and the property was described as 
''all that capital messuage, formerly called Nasse Court, now 

300 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

called the Knapp."* The conveyance is sealed with the arms of 
John Trotman, who impaled the arms of his wife Susanna Keynes. 

The Nasse Court Trotmans appear to have left many descend- 
ants, but the pedigree has not been traced subsequent to the 
entries in the Visitation pedigree. There seems however some 
reason for surmising that Mr. John Trotman, of Trotman Anchor 
fame, may be a descendant from this Nasse Court line. 

The Syston Court line of Trotman, although undoubtedly the 
most influential family of this name, is not entered in the 
Visitations. Incomplete pedigrees of them appear in Fosbroke's 
Gloucestershire, and also as an addition by Sir Thomas Phillipps, 
to the pedigrees in the Visitation of 1682. 

Besides these families there were two other families, both 
probably descended out of Gloucestershire, who seem to have 
held a good position for some generations, but are now apparently 
extinct in the male line. One of these was the family of 
Trotman, of Bishopston in Wiltshire, who fined for knighthood 
in the time of Charles I., and the other was the family of 
Trotman, of Ipswich, whose pedigree may be found in Davy's 
Suffolk Collections, now in the British Museum. 

It is unnecessary to reprint here the pedigrees of Trotman, 
of Nasse Court and of the Steps, but it seems desirable to give 
an account of Trotman, of Syston Court, one of the principal 
county families of Gloucestershire, and also of the pedigree of 
Mr. John Trotman, whose invention of the Trotman anchor has 
rendered this name so well known in naval circles. 

fTo he continued. J 

* The Knapp did not long remain in possession of the Fowlers, thongfa 
singularly enough, the only inscriptions on the place are the initials D. F., on 
one of the chimneys, of Daniel Fowler, who evidently did considerable repairs 
to the place. Daniel Fowler*s son, William Fowler, married in 175A Elizabeth 
Phillimore, of Cam, and on his early death it became vested in nis widow, 
who afterwards re-married the Rev. Nicholas Martyn. She died in 1740, and 
left the property to her own fdntaiy the PhiUimores. John Phillimore, of 
S)pionds hall, in 1825 devised it to his godson and kinsman John Phillimore 
Hicks, but shortly after it was alienated to the grandfather of the present 
owner, Mr. J. Pick, of North Nibley, to whom I am indebted for showmg me 
the various title deeds of Nasse Court and other Cam properties. As will 
have been seen from the wills, there was in early times some connection 
between the families of Trotman and Phillimore, but the precise links have not 
been traced. 

Lawlessness on the River Severn. 301 

Lawlessness on the River Severn, Z429-Z50S 

SOME interesting particulars, concerning the perils which 
beset traders on the River Severn in the fifteenth century 
and later, are to be found in the Statutes of the Realm, Vol. 11.^ 
portions of which are appended. 

The town of Tewkesbury had been a great sufferer by the 
lawlessness which prevailed, and consequently the Bailiffs, 
Burgesses, and Commonalty sought a remedy for these evils, 
and the punishment of robberies and injuries committed by 
rovers of the Forest of Dean and others. 

S Hen. VL, c. 27. 
** Forasmuch as the Commons of the Realm of England being 
in the same Parliament, at the instance and especial Request of 
the faithful liege People of our Sovereign Lord the King, the 
Bailiffs, Burgesses, and Commonalty of the Town of Tewkesbury, 
within the County of Gloucester, have made to our Sovereign 
Lord the King, a very grievous complaint in the same Parliament: 
That whereas the said Town of Tewkesbury is adjoining to the 
River of Severn, within the said County of Gloucester, which 
River is common to all the liege People of our Sovereign Lord 
the King, to carry and bring within the Stream of the said 
River in Boats, Trowes, and otherwise, all Manner of Merchandise 
and other Goods and Chattels, to Bristol and to every part 
adjoining to the same River ; in which River divers Persons of 
the said Town of Tewkesbury, oftentimes and now of late, have 
charged their proper Vessels and Trowes with Wheat, Rye, and 
other Com and Goods, to the value of Five Hundred Pounds ; 
and so the same Vessels and prowes, so charged, have conveyed 
in the same river towards the said Town of Bristol by the 
Coasts of the Forest of Dean, within the said County of 
Gloucester, joining to the said River; there have commonly 
great Multitude of People and Riots of the Commons of the 
same Forest, and of the Hundreds of Bledistow and Westbury, 
with great Riot and Force in Manner of War, as enemies of a 
strange Land, and with force, have spoiled the same Persons of 
the said Vessels, and taken of them all their Com and Goods 
within the same Vessels, and the same Persons have menaced 
and threatened to put to death, if they made any Resistance, or 
any Suit, Quarrel, or Complaint for the same, to the great 
Hindrance, Loss, and Impoverishment of the said Persons, and 
Oppression of all the Country there adjoining ; and afterward 


302 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

the same Our Sovereign Lord the King, by the Advice and 
Agent of his Council, sent his Letters of Privy Seal, directed 
to various Persons of the said Forest, to make open Proclamation 
that no man of the said Forest should be so hardy to inquiet 
or disturb his People to pass by the River with all manner of 
Com, Goods, and Chattels, or any other Merchandise, upon 
the Pain of Treason; after which Proclamation, so made, 
the said trespassers came to the said River with more greater 
Routs and Riots than ever they did before: not esteeming 
nor regarding the said Letters of Privy Seal, and there 
spoiled at divers Times, Eight Trowes of Wheat, Rye Flouer, 
and divers other Goods and Chattels, and the People of 
the same TroweE, did throw over the Board, and divers of 
them drowned; and the Stems of the said Trowes did 
cut away, and did threaten the Owners of the said Goods and 
Chattels, and also the People of the said Trowes, that they 
should not be so hardy to carry no manner of Victual 
by the said Stream, much nor little, for Lord nor for Lady, and 
that they would hew all to pieces the said Boats, if they came 
another Time by the Coasts of the said Forest of Dean. For 
the which Riot and Rebellion no Person of the said Town of 
Tewkesbury, nor of the Country adjoining, dare not carry any 
Com, nor other Goods, nor Chattels in the said River; nor 
pursue to remedy for such Oppressions and Griefs to them done, 
forasmuch as the said Forest of Dean and Hundreds be very 
large, and the People inhabiting and resident in the same, very 
wild, and nigh adjoining to the Country pf Wales, and all the 
Commons of the same Forest and Hundreds of one Affinity and 
Confederacy in Malice and Riot, not pondering nor regarding 
the Law, nor the Officers and Ministers of the same, nor caring 
for the Process, nor the Punishment of the Law of the Land, 
insomuch that they will not obey, but at their own risk, any 
Minister of the King's Laws, nor Execution of the same ; nor 
the Officers, nor Ministers of the Law of the said County, dare 
not in any wise come into the said Forest, to execute any Matter 
or Process of the Law against the Will and Intent of the 
Commons of the Forest and Hundreds aforesaid : our Sovereign 
Lord the King, having tender respect and consideration of the 
said Mischiefs, and also considering the Inconveniences which 
be like to ensue and follow upon the same; and upon that 
willing to resist the Malice of such Transgressors and Offenders, 
and to provide hasty and covenable Remedy for his said faithful 


Lawlessness on the River Severn, 303 

liege People, so grieved in^ this Behalf, by the Advice and 
Assent of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, being in this 
present Pariiament, and at the special Request of the said 
Commons there assembled, hath ordained by authority of the 
same Parliament, that in every such Case hereafter to come, or 
else had or chanced this last year past, the Sheriff of the said 
Country, or the Bailiffs of the Town of Gloucester for the Time 
being, or one of them, upon Pain of Forfeiture of Twenty 
Pounds to be levied of their Lands, Goods, and Chattels, to 
the use of our Sovereign Lord King, make Proclamation at the 
said Town of Gloucester within Four days next after Notification 
made to them, or to any of them by the Persons so endamaged 
or by any other in their Names, of such Injuries and Trespasses 
done, and that the said Trespassers and Offenders shall restore 
in the same Town of Gloucester within Fifteen days after the 
said Proclamation, to the said Persons so endamaged, their said 
Com and Merchandise, Goods and Chattels so taken, or the 
very value of the same, to the Parties so grieved in the Form 
aforesaid, with reasonable Amends for their Damages ; nor that 
the said Tresspassers be not brought to the King's Prison, to 
the Castle of Gloucester for the said Trespasses, by the Officers 
of the said Forests and Hundreds, or by the Commonalties of 
the same to be demeaned in such case by the King and his 
Council, that then by Consideration of the Statute of Winchester, 
put for the Robbery of any Person which giveth an Action for 
him which is robbed against the Hundred within which the 
same Robbery is done, after the Form of the said Statute the 
said Commonalties shall be charged of the same Corn and 
Merchandises, Goods and Chattels so taken, or of the very 
Value of the same to the Parties so grieved, to satisfy them of 
their Damages for the same taking ; and that the said Parties 
so endamaged and grieved, may have their general Actions of 
Debt against the said commonalties of the said Forest and 
Hundred of the sum of Money to which the Value of the 
Com, Merchandises, Goods, and Chattels so taken do extend; 
and although the said commonalties be no Commonalties 
Corporate, yet they shall have Process in such Actions of 
Debt by Summons, Attachments and Distress, as if he were 
to have an Action of Debt at the Common Law, so that if 
the said Commonalties make Default at the Second Distress 
in such Actions, that then the Party which shall have Judgement 
to recover his Debt against the said Commonalties after the 

304 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Supposal of their Goods in the Form aforesaid with his 
reasonable Damages and Expenses; and whatsoever Issue 
triable by Inquest in the said Forest and Hundreds shall 
happen to be taken in such Actions, it shall be tried by Inquest 
of the body of the said County, out of the same Forest and 
Hundreds, &c., &c." 

Again, in 9 Hen. VI., c. 5, 1430- 1, provision is made for free 
passage in the River Severn with goods, etc. : — 

"Item, Because the River of Severn is common to all the 
King's liege People, to carry and re-carry within the Stream of 
the said River, to Bristol, Gloucester, and Worcester, and other 
Places joining to the said River, all manner of Merchandises 
and other Goods and Chattels, as well in Trowes and Boats as 
in Flotes, commonly called Drags, in every Part joining to 
the said river, within which River many Welshmen and other 
Persons dwelling in divers joining to the said River, have now 
late assembled in great number, arrayed in manner of War, and 
taken such Flotes, otherwise called Drags, and them have 
hewed in Pieces, and with Force and Arms beaten the People 
which were in such Drags, to the Intent that they should hire 
of the said Welshmen and other Persons, for great Sums of 
Money, Boats, and other Vessels for Carriage of such Mer- 
chandises and other Goods and Chattels, to an evil Example 
and great Impoverishment of the^said liege People, if Remedy 
be not hastily provided. It is ordained by Authority of this 
Parliament, that the said liege People of the King may have and 
enjoy their free Passage in the said River, with Flotes and 
Drags, and all manner of Merchandise, and other Goods and 
Chattels at their Will, without Disturbance of any ; and if any 
be disturbed of his free Passage in the said River, the Party 
grieved shall have his Action according to the Course of the 
Common Law." 

This Statute was amended by 19 Hen. vii. c. 18 (1509-4), 
" De Fluvio Sabrini," in which, after recital of its provisions for 
preventing such interruption, it is stated : " And the premysses 
notwithstanding dyvers persons late and now beyng your OflScers, 
of and in your Cite of Worcestre or Towne of Gloucestre and 
odtT places adjoyning to your seid Ryver and Water, will not 
suffer eny Bote, Trowe, or oder Vessel to passe thorough and 
uppon your seid Ryver and Water without dyvers imposicions 
by them thereupon set, and by theym levyed, gadered, and 
reyred uppon the Marchauntis and Owners of the said goodis 


Queries and Replies. 305 

and merchandises by the seid Ryver and Water passyhg, in 
manifest contempt of your seid Lawes and breche of your land 
bill custome afore time remembred." 

Penalty on all Persons taking any Impositions for Trowes, 
Bouts, or Vessels, passing on the Severn, or letting, vexing, or 
interrupting the same, /"20 recoverable by action of Debt. 

Trials for offences in Worcester or Gloucester shall be by 
Juries of the Counties at large. 

Proviso for Damages to owners of lands by Towing Paths, 
''reasonable recompense and satisfaction of every person or 
persons goying upon the seid Londes or Medes, and halyng 
or drawyng such Trowes, &c." 

It is also provided that titles to any dues or impositions for 
any manner of boats or merchandise on the said river, shall 
be proved before the Lords of the King^s honourable Council 
in the Star Chamber at Westminster, before the Feast of 
Ascension in the year 1505. j. Melland Hall. 

HodgeSi of Shipton Mo]rne. — This Pedigree in the 
Visitation of Gloucester, 1682-3, commences with "Thomas 
Hodges, of Shipton Moyne, ob. circa ann., 1670." The same 
uncertain date, "circa, 1670," is also given as the time of the 
decease of his eldest son, Thomas, who married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Sir John Young, of CuUeton, Devon. The actual 
dates of decease of these two gentlemen — more especially of 
the younger Thomas — will greatly oblige. 

From the matriculation entry of William Hodges in 1632, a 
younger son of Thomas, senior, I gather that the father was a 
clergyman; a circumstance that does not appear in the Visitation. 
( Vide Foster's Alumni OxoniensesJ. W. D. Pink. 

Churchman^ of Aust — ^A family of this name resided at 
Aust in this county. 

Sir Robert Cann, the last baronet of that name, married 
Anne, the daughter of Henry Churchman. 

Bigland mentions an achievement erected in Aust church at 
ber death, bearing the arms of Cann, impaling two bars, and on 


Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

a chief, two palets, for Churchman. These arms were also on 
a tomb in the churchyard. 

I shall be glad if any of the readers of Gloucestershire Notes 
and Queries would supply the tinctures. 

Mr. Churchman was summoned by the Heralds at the 
Visitation of 1682-3, but no pedigree is recorded, nor does the 
name appear. amongst the disclaimers. 

A family of the same name was settled at Brachly in the 
parish of Tidenham on the opposite side of the Severn, as early 
as 1603, and a Francis Churchman, gent., was buried there 
23 July, 175'- 

I shall be glad of any notes about this family, but more 
especially about the arms. ^y^ q Heane. 

Cinderford, Gloucestershire. 


King Stanley Stocks. Part of Owlpen Stocks. 

The Stocks. In almost every village, the stocks, as is well 
known, once were a familiar mode of punishment for minor 
rural delinquencies, but for half of a century, their use has been 
obsolete. We give above an engraving from a sketch taken in 
June, 1868, of the stocks at King Stanley, which are fixed on 
the green, in the centre of the village, near to where four roads 
meet, and conveniently near the inns. Since 1868, the upper or 
movable board of the stocks has been removed, and they now 
present an exceedingly dilapidated appearance. It may be noted 
that the holes for the feet were, in the King Stanley example, of 

Queries and Replies, 307 

different sizes. On either side of the upright post were iron 
clasps for confining the hands of prisoners. A similar arrange- 
ment appeared in the upright post of the Owlpen stocks, and of 
this we also give a sketch. The Owlpen stocks which stood 
near the pinfold, in the road leading from the manor house to 
Owlpen farm, were removed some few years ago. The stocks 
at Uley stood upon the green, but were taken down very many 
years ago. 

We shall be obliged if our readers will send particulars of 
stocks still existing in the Gloucestershire villages. F. L. M. R. 

Yeamans of Bristol. — Alderman Robert Yeamans, who 
served as Sheriff in 1642, and was hanged in Vine Street, 
30 May, 1643, ^or corresponding with the King, is stated to 
have had two sons, John and Robert, who were both created 
baronets on 12 Jan., 1664, and 31 Dec, 1666, respectively. 
Can any proof be offered of this accepted statement of 
parentage ? 

Sir Robert Yeamans, Kt. and Bart., was buried in St. Mary's, 
Redcliffe, which fact is thus quaintly entered in the parish 
register : — " 1686, Feb. 7, Sir Robert Yemanes, night and Barron 
night. Bured In the Curch." The inscription, on a flat-stone, 
which presumably covers his vault, is worn away and cannot 
be deciphered, but the name Yeamans can be traced. An 
inscription, however, on a wooden frame hanging on the adjoin- 
ing wall, informs us that he served as Mayor in 1669, and was 
•' borne in this Parish, 161 7." In his will dated 1686, he names 
Robert, son of his brother, Sir John Yeaman, deceased, also 
John, Robert, and George, the ist, 2nd, and 3rd sons of his 
brother, Joseph Yeamans, deceased. 

John Yeamans, of St. Mary, Redcliffe, brewer, in his will of 
1645, mentions, among other issue, his three sons : — 

John, baptized 28 Feb., 161 1 1 
Robert, „ 19 April, 161 7 > at St. Mary, Redcliffe. 
Joseph, „ 27 Sept., 1619 ) 
It appears likely that John and Robert were afterwards 
Baronets. Joseph, the youngest of the three brothers, married 
and left issue, 3 sons: John, Robert, and George, whom I 
believe to be identical with the three nephews of Sir Robert 
Yeamans, mentioned above. 

Sir John Yeamans, the elder baronet, removed to Barbados^ 
where his male descendants died out last century. 

308 Gloucestershire Notes afid Qturies. 

A junior branch of the family removed to London, and then 
emigrated to Antigua, of which island John Yeamans was 
Deputy Governor temp. Jac. II. Others of the name settled in 
New England. 

Perhaps one of your Bristol correspondents can clear up the 
question by contributing the dates of baptism of the children 
of Alderman and Sheriff, Robert Yeamans. y l Oliver. 


Gloucester Return, 1278. — Samuel Simpson, in his 
"Agreeable Historian" (1746), states that Walter de Stukeley, 
Sheriff of Gloucester, circ. 1278, made a return of all the 
Cities, Villages, and Towns of this Shire. Is this return now 
extant ? If so, where may it be consulted ? 

Leonard Wilkinson. 

Cirencester M.P.'S, 1640-53.— May I ask the aid of the 
correspondents of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries in solving 
one or two points arising out of the elections for Cirencester 
to the Long Parliament ? 

The members returned at the general election in Oct., 1640, 
were Theobald Gorges, Esq., of Ashley, and John George, Esq., 
of Bawnton. From the following reference in the Commons 
Journals^ it would seem that this election was contested by a 
certain Thomas Rich : — Nov. 27, 1 640. Ordered that Mr. George, 
a member of this House, have time granted him till to-morrow 
morning to make answer to the particulars of the petition 
against him by Thomas Rich, Esq.'' Nothing further is found 
respecting this petition, which most likely was allowed to 

Who was this Thomas Rich ? Theobald Gorges was one of 
the Members who took the Protestation on May 3, 1641, upon 
which occasion he is described as a knight, so that it is obvious 
that he received knighthood between Oct., 1640, and that date. 
Is the exact date known ? I do not find him included in 
Metcalfs Book of Knights, Both members for Cirencester were 
Royalists, and sat in the King^s Anti-Parliament at Oxford, 
being, in consequence, disabled at Westminister. This is 
evidenced by the writ issued Nov. 3, 1646, to supply the places 
of " Sir Theobald Gorges and John George, Esq., disabled." 
Gorges was one of the batch disabled in Jan., 1644, "for 
deserting the service of the House, and being in the King's 

Queries and Replies. 309 

Quarters ; " but I have failed to trace the exact date when John 
George was declared incapable of sitting at Westminster. 

Sir Theobald Gorges was, as well known, the next brother of 
Edward Gorges, first Baron of Dundalk. He was born in 1583, 
and was twice married ; first, to Ann, daughter of Sir John Gage. 
He died about 1667, and was buried at Ashley, leaving, it is 
said, three daughters his co-heirs. This last fact is confirmed 
by the Pedigree of " Lloid, of Wheatenhurst," in the Visitation 
of Gloucestershire^ 1682-3, where we read that "Thomas Lloid, 
of Whitminster, married to Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of 
Sir Theobald Gorges, of Ashley, co. Wilts, and died s,p. circa 
1668, aet. 48." But from the following reference to Sir Theobald 
Gorges, in the Calendar of the Committee for Compounding, it is 
certain that the knight had also a son. 

4 Dec, 1645. Begs to compound for going to Oxford, being 
compelled by the King's superiority in the county ; never took 
arms, executed commission, contributed voluntarily, or concurred 
in any vote dishonourable to Parliament, in whose service he 
set forth his son at great expense; came into their quarters 
before Oct., 1 644, when he was required to go to London, where 
he has been 14 months imprisoned, till released by order of 
this House." His fine was ultimately passed at ;^52o. The 
son, mentioned in the Petition, probably died before his father. 
So far as I have ascertained, he nowhere appears in the Gorges' 

John George, of Bawnton, died in December, 1677, ^8^®^ 
85. He inherited Bawnton, as kinsman and heir-male, upon 
the death of his cousin, Robert George, of Bawnton, in 1623. 
( Vide Inq. P. M. of Robert George in Index Library, part 40). 
From this we gather that the father of the M.P. is incorrectly 
described as " of Bawnton," in the Visitation of Gloucestershire, 
1682-3. He was "of Cirencester." Has the identity of the 
wife been established ? In the Visitation she is somewhat 

dubiously given as "Elizabeth, daughter of Tirrell, of 

CO. Bucks." 

The members elected for Cirencester in the place of Sir 
Theobald Gorges and John George, were Sir Thomas Fairfax, 
the celebrated Parliamentary Comihander-in-chief, and Colonel 
Nathaniel Rich. The election took place on the 28 January, 
1646-7. But a rival return being made of John Gifford and 
Isaac Bromwich, the whole matter was referred to the Committee 

3 10 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

of Privileges, and lost sight of for more than two years. 
Eventually a report wais made on 9 Feb., 1648-9, and the election 
of Sir Thomas Fairfax and Col. Rich declared to be good. 
Thenceforward until 1653, the latter, at least, was an active 
member of the House. 

Was Colonel Nathaniel Rich related in any way to the 
Thomas Rich, who contested the general election of Oct., 1640.^ 
The identity of the Parliamentary Colonel with Nathaniel Rich, 
of Stondon, Essex, who is said to have died so lately as 1701, 
has always appeared to me to be open to suspicion. A branch 
of the Rich family, derived from Thomas Rich, Master in 
Chancery, who died in 1647, was located at North Cemey in 
Gloucestershire (vide Vtsiiaiion of 1682-3, p. 143), and it is not 
improbable that the parentage of the M.P. for Cirencester is to 
be sought for in that source. y^ j) Pj^k. 

Leigh, Lancashire. 

Infant Baptism. — Was it customary in the seventeenth and 
eighteenth centuries, in the case of a woman dying in child- 
birth, for the funeral and baptism to be on the same day ? I 
have heard of a Welsh custom of baptising the infant over the 
mother's bier. Here are two cases in point from the Maisemore 
Parish Register : 

1890. Katharina filia Willielmi Pembruge generosi et 
Katharinae vxoris ejus baptizata fuit Junij quinto 
decimo. Et eodem die sepulta fuit vxor chara 
Willielmi et Katharinae mater in Collegio Glouces- 
1722. Joh'es filius Gulielmi Fletcher et Catherine, uxoris 
ejus bapt. fuit vicessimo primo die mensis Septembris. 
Catherina uxor Gulielmi Fletcher, junior, sepulta (bit 
vicessimi primo die mensis Septembris. (See anie 
part 42, page 281). 
Another instance occurs in Memoranda from an Old Prayer 
Book in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries for December, 1891 : 
Jan. x6, 1746. — MaryTrowton, bapt., mater eodem sep. 

Conway Dightok. 



Book Notices. 3 1 1 

Annates dt ta soctete cTarctiiotogie de Bruxeltes : Memoires^ Rapports 
et Documents, Tome ctnquiSme, annee^ iSgi, Secretariat general : 
63, Rue.des Palais, Bruxelles. Roy. 8vo, pp. 560. 

This handsome volume is admirably printed and well 
illustrated, and shows that our Belgium friends are in no wise 
behind us in antiquarian studies. The contents of the volume 
are very varied, ranging from an illustrated account of flint 
implements, to a dissertation upon ancient musical notation. 
English readers will be interested by an admirable series of 
papers by M. Saintenoy, on the classification of Fonts. The 
examples selected are not confined to Belgium, for a good 
many are taken from our own country; indeed, the first engraving 
in the book is of a font in Forfarshire. There is also a report 
of a lecture by M. Saintenoy, comparing the architectural 
style of England and France. Curiously enough all the 
illustrations given, some very good, are from English examples. 
Biography and genealogy are not neglected, though, of course, 
they form a subsidiary feature. An account of a barrow at 
Lennick St. Quentin in Belgium, mentions that it was converted 
into bricks to repair the church. 

How wide is the field which this Society covers will be gathered 
from the fact that it includes a paper on the pre-historic remains 
of America, and an account of Hissarlik by Dr. Schliemann. 

Ttte Goodwins of Hartford^ Connecticut^ descendants of Wiltiam and 
Ozias Goodwin : compiled for James Junius Goodwin, Hartford, 
Conn. Brown & Gross. 1891. 8vo pp. xij., 798. 

This handsome volume is the outcome, as the title-page 
indicates, of the enthusiasm of Mr. J. J. Goodwin, of Hartford, 
well-known for the interest he takes in genealogy. It is the 
history of the descendants of Ozias Goodwin, wno was born 
about the year 1596, and before 1640 was settled in Hartford. 
Of the place of origin of Ozias, we are still in the dark, though 
the evidence adduced in the report on English investigations 
by Mr. H. F. Waters, whose services Mr. Goodwin has been 
fortunate enough to secure, seem distinctly to point to an East 
Anglian origin. That it must be a disappointment to Mr. 
Goodwin, that clear proof of the emigrant's connection with the 
old country is wanting, we cannot doubt, but he has much to 
be proud of in this history of his ancestry and kindred, which 
exhibits an honourable record for more than two hundred and 

312 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

fifty years. It is not always an easy task, even in England, to 
trace a pedigree like this. A large proportion of these Goodwins 
seem to have occupied leading positions, and would appear to 
merit commemoration in such a volume as this, which ought to 
be prized by those members of the race who are fortunate 
enough to possess a copy. The number of facts it contains are 
of course, enormous, and indicates a vast amount of careful and 
diligent enquiry. The American portion was compiled by 
Mr. F. F. Starr, and it also includes a number of monographs 
on prominent Goodwins by various writers, which remove from 
the volume the reproach of dryness too often with much justice 
charged against genealogical works. The book is plentifully 
illustrated with chart pedigrees having cross references to the 
text. This feature, which is somewhat unusual in American 
genealogies, adds greatly to the clearer comprehension of the 
text. It is a practice which might with advantage be followed 
by others. But it would, we think, have been better to have 
given a few dates in the table pedigrees, and it is not very clear 
why Mr. Starr so often gives the dignity of a separate paragraph 
to individuals about whom he has nothing fresh to record. 
The practice only serves to confuse the text. The American 
portion of the work is preceded by two monographs on the 
Goodwins of East Anglia, and a report on English investigations 
by the Rev. Dr. Jessopp and Mr. H. F. Waters respectively. 
Of the former it is enough to say that the writer's name is a 
guarantee that there is much of interest in his account of the 
various Goodwin families in that part of England, and the story 
is told in Dr. Tessopp's usual attractive style. 

Mr. Waters account of his English enquiries deserve a care- 
ful study, and though, as we have intimated,- he has not succeeded 
in tracking home the emigrant, Ozias, he has been fortunate 
.enough in identifying Mary, the wife of Ozias, as the daughter 
•of a certain Robert Woodward, of Braintree, who died in 1 640. 
'We cannot but hope that these investigations will be further 
•continued in the future, since even Mr. Waters* diligent enquiries 
have not exhausted the field of search. The book is well 
printed, and besides the tabular pedigrees, contains a dozen 
full-page portraits of past and present leading Goodwins, 
amongst lAdbom must be included Mr. J. J. Goodwin himself, 
who must certainly be congratulated upon the completion of 
this family history. 




One Guinea will be paid for each of the following MARRIAGE CERTIFICATES 
by the Advertiser : — 

1. Jasper and Joan BRITTOX, whose eldest son was baptized at BITTON in 1576. 

2. John BKI ITON, whose eldest son was baptized at BITTOX in 1605. 

3. Morris and Marjjaret BRI'lTON, whose eldest son was baptized at BITTON in 

4. Stephen (born 1718), and Elizabeth BRITTON married before 1744. 

The marriafjes probably took place in South Gloucestershire or North Somerset, or at 
Baih or Bristol. 

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Notes and Queries. 

The Story of Gloucestershire. 

A SERIES of articles, entitled *'The Story of the English 
Shires," from the pen of the Rev. Canon Creighton, 
Professor of Ecclesiastical History in the University of 
Cambridge, appeared in the Leisure Hour, and the part for 
February, 1888, contained the article on Gloucestershire. The 
following paragraphs are extracted from the paper, which is 
illustrated by Mr. Edward Whymper, with views of Tewkesbury 
Abbey, Cirencester Church tower, the gateway of Berkeley Castle, 
and the tomb of Robert, Duke of Normandy, in Gloucester 
Cathedral : — 

Few parts of England are more full of interest to one who 
searches for relics of the past than is the lower valley of the 
Severn and the downs of the Cotswold range, which make up 
the county which has Gloucester for its capital. In the earliest 
times that we can trace, the folks who lived in Britain saw the 
advantages of this reach of high-lying country, which looked 
on one side to the valley where flowed the Severn, fast broadening 
into the sea, and on the other side looked over the rich valley 
in which the Thames was beginning its course. There the 
Britoiis made their settlements, and thither the Romans followed 
them. When the Romans withdrew, the dwellers in their towns 
enjoyed greater peace than fell to the lot of the rest of the 
Britons. But the West Saxons came and conquered in the 
south till they pressed upward from Wiltshire, 577, and on the 

VOL. V. X 

314 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

little hill of Deorham (Dyrham) fought the battle in which the 
Britons were defeated, and the Severn valley was opened to the 
new comers. There they settled and took the name of Hwiccas, 
so that the old Hwiccian land contained the modem shires of 
Gloucester, Worcester, and the southern part of Warwick. 
They were too few to remain, and fell before the rising power 
of the Mercians on the north, and before 650, the land of the 
Hwiccas formed part of the Mercian kingdom. The land of 
the Hwiccas long held together in its ecclesiastical organisation, 
though for its civil organisation, the land which gathered round 
the town of Gloucester was divided from that which gathered 
round the town of Worcester. Gloucester could not rank with 
Worcester in early times, though its importance rapidly increased; 
and in the reign of Edward the Confessor we find it a place 
whither the king summoned his wise men to counsel. 

Gloucestershire seems to have submitted willingly to William 
the Conqueror, and Gloucester grew in importance under him 
and his sons. Its position, commanding the Severn valley, 
made it a centre for the Norman barons who were engaged in 
making settlements in South Wales. A castle was built, and 
Gloucester counted as one of the three places in England where 
the king held royal state on the great festivals of the Church, 
wearing his crown at Gloucester on Christmas, and at Winchester 
and Westminster at Easter and Pentecost. It was at Gloucester 
that William Rufus was seized with sickness in 1093, ^^^ ^^J ^ 
the point of death. Wishing to make amends before he died 
for his evil deed in keeping vacant the archbishopric of 
Canterbury and seizing its revenues, he sent for Anselm, abbot 
of the Norman monastery of Bee, who was in England on a 
visit, and named him archbishop. Anselm vainly refused the 
office. The lords who stood by, seized the old man, forced a 
pastoral staff into his reluctant hands, and with shouts of joy, 
bore him off, with tears streaming down his cheeks, to the abbey 
church, that they might give thanks for haying an archbishop. 

Gloucestershire was so closely associated with the political 
life of England that Heniy I. conferred upon his natiual son, 
Robert, the earldom of Gloucester. Robert rebuilt the castle 
of Bristol, and was one of the most powerful of English lords. 
On Henry I.'s death, Robert espoused the cause of his sister 
Matilda against Stephen; and, a^ a consequence, Gloucestershire 
bore the brunt of the civil war that followed. Milo, the governor 
of Gloucester Castle, was equally vigorous with Robert in 

The Story of Gloucestershire. 315 

upholding Matilda's cause ; and to Gloucester Matilda fled for 
refuge when all seemed to go against her in 1141. Gloucester 
and Bristol alike suffered siege ; though it may be doubted if, 
after all, Gloucestershire had more misery to record than the 
rest of England. 

The civilisation of Gloucestershire was chiefly baronial. The 
county was dependent on its earl and the Earl of Hereford, 
who held much land within its bounds. Next to those in 
importance were the Lords of Berkeley, whose castle, dating in 
part from the twelfth century, still stands as a rare instance of a 
baronial fortress which has been adapted to the needs of modern 
life, and is still inhabited. But, besides the barons, the monks 
were also busy. It was from the monasteries on the borders of 
the counties of Worcester and Gloucester that the first signs of 
of the monastic revival of the eleventh century had gone forth. 
From Evesham and Winchcombe went the three brethren who 
did so much for monasticism in Northern England. As 
they read the pages of Bede's history, they grieved that the 
places where he had lived and taught should lie in the ruins to 
which the heathen Dane had reduced them. So putting all 
their worldly goods on the back of a donkey, they went forth 
on a pilgrimage which had for its object the rebuilding of the 
monasteries of Jarrow and Wearmouth. What was thus given 
was also received. The abbeys of Gloucestershire flourished 
and waxed great, especially that of Gloucester, which grew with 
the importance of the town till the Abbot of Gloucester ranked 
as one of the chief political personages in England. King 
Henry I. founded a house of Austin canons at Cirencester, 
and Roger, Earl of Hereford, set up the Cistercians at Hanley, 
on the spot where his brother had been killed by an arrow while 
hunting. Curious also is the histor}' of the priory of New 
Llanthony, which stood on what is now a suburb of Gloucester. 
Its site was given by Milo, Earl of Hereford, as a place of 
refuge to the monks of Llanthony in the vale of Ewias, at a 
time when the lawless peasantry were constantly plundering 
their possessions, so that it was difficult to be sure of food. 
The place of refuge proved more attractive than the original 
settlement, and the greater part of the brethren moved away 
from their old home till, in the fifteenth century, the priory of 
New Llanthony was united to the abbey of Gloucester, which 
undertook to maintain a prior and four others in the old seat of 
the order in Wales. 

3 1 6 Glaucestershtre Notes and Queries. 

Gloucestershire took part in the renewal of prosperity which 
came with the accession of Henry II., and Bristol in particular 
received an accession to its commerce. John's death left 
England plunged in civil war; and those of the barons who 
were in favour of preserving the existing dynasty, assembled 
hastily at Gloucester for the coronation of the young King, 
Henry III. He was but a child of nine years old, and the royal 
crown could not be brought from Westminster for the ceremony. 
A plain circlet of gold was prepared, and the Bishop of 
Worcester set it on the boy's head. The cause of Henry III, 
prevailed owing to the wisdom and prudence of William Marshall, 
Earl of Pembroke, who acted as his representative. When he 
grew up and governed for himself, Henry III. loved Gloucester, 
and often took up his abode there. For some years it was his 
necessary headquarters in a war against the son of his early 
friend, William Marshall, who rebelled against the feeble King, 
and gave him much trouble on the Welsh Marches. But there 
were worse troubles in store for a King who promised and was 
too feeble to keep his word ; who swore to the provisions of the 
Great Charter of England's liberties, and then held not to his 
oath. His barons long endured his doings, for they had no 
leader till a man of alien birth, Simon de Montfort, Earl of 
Leicester, set an example of constitutional resistance. In this 
he was followed by Richard de Clare, Earl of Gloucester, who 
shared with Earl Simon the leadership of the baronial party, 
which strove to mend the misgovemment of Henry III. But 
Earl Richard withdrew from the task before it was finished, and 
Earl Simon left England till Richard's death in 1262. The 
young Earl of Gloucester joined Simon heart and soul, and 
fought at Lewes ; but he, too, like his father, quarrelled with 
Simon, and by his quarrel broke up the baronial party. Gloucester, 
which was garrisoned for Earl Simon, was taken by Edward, 
the King's son, who, by the help of the Earl of Gloucester, 
escaped from his captivity. The loss of Gloucester made it 
impossible for Simon to put down the rising against him, and 
led to his fall in the battle of Evesham. 

The dealings of Edward I. with Gloucestershire mark the 
progress of those reforms by which he slowly accepted the 
principles of the English Constitution, and expressed them in 
his administrative work. At Gloucester he held a Parliament 
in 1278, which passed a statute for enquiring into the powers 
exercised by the great lords within their lands. Moreover, he 


The Story of Gloucestershire. 317 

increased the importance of Bristol by committing to its ships 
the care of the Irish Channel. 

The fifteenth century saw Gloucestershire generally in a very 
prosperous condition, owing to the natural advantages of its 
soil. The high-l3dng land of the Cotswolds was well fitted for 
pasturing, and no trade in England was more profitable than 
the wool trade, which went on developing throughout the 
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Trade, in the modem sense, 
has now left the once thriving towns which nestle on the edge 
of the Cotswolds, but the traces of ancient prosperity still lend 
them a singular interest. At Fairford is a fine Perpendicular 
Church, rebuilt in 1500 by a wealthy merchant, John Tame, 
that it might contain the stained glass which he had brought 
back from his trading voyages to the Netherlands. The twenty- 
eight windows which he then set up remain amongst the finest 
examples of stained glass in England. In like manner the 
little town of Chipping Campden contains in its splendid church 
the brasses which mark the tombs of its great merchants of the 
fifteenth century. It is strange to read in that quiet spot of 
William Grevel, who died in 1407, and was ''flos mercatorum 
lanarum totius Angliae" (the flower of wool merchants in all 
England). Scarcely less prosperous, though in another way» 
was the region which lay on the other bank of the Severn, the 
Forest of Dean. There the Romans had worked iron, and 
their work was resumed as times became more settled. The 
steward of the Forest had his castle at St. Briavels, overlooking 
the windings of the Wye. Grants were made of the right to 
erect a forge, sometimes stationary, sometimes moveable, and 
the dues to be paid to the King were regulated. A mining 
population sprang up, with manners and customs of its own, 
who were known as the Free-miners of the Forest. The central 
part of Gloucestershire, the valley of the Severn, was renowned 
for its com and its fruit, its cheese and its cider. The shire 
was renowned through England for its fertility, and was envied 
for its facilities of transport. 

Men engaged in commerce wish for order and strong govem- 
ment. So it was that in the Wars of the Roses the burghers 
of Bristol favoured the House of York, and helped to bring 
about the accession of Edward IV. When an attempt was 
made to renew the war, it was the attachment of Gloucester to 
the Yorkist cause which barred the passage of the Sevem and 
cut ofif Queen Margaret from her friends in Wales. So it was 

3 1 8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

that Edward IV. came upon the Queen's forces at Tewkesbury, 
and there, in the meadow between the abbey and the river, was 
fought the bloodiest battle that was ever fought on English soil, 
the battle that decided the fortunes of the House of Lancaster. 
The young son of Edward the VI. was taken in the fiay, and 
when Edward asked him what brought him to England, answered, 
"To preserve my fathers crown and my own inheritance.*' 
Edward brutally struck the defenceless lad in the face with his 
gauntlet, and the Dukes of Clarence and Gloucester dispatched 
him with their swords. It was a barbarous ending of the male 
line of the Lancastrian House. 

The great change which passed over England in the sixteenth 
century caused less discontent in Gloucester than in most parts 
of England ; for Gloucestershire was a centre of the prosperous 
middle class, who were the chief gainers by the spoiling of the 
Church. Gloucestershire, moreover, affords an example of the 
original intentions of Henry VIII., when the disssolution of the 
monasteries was begun. The great abbey church of Gloucester 
was made the seat of a bishop, and a new diocese was framed 
for the shire, which was severed from the see of Worcester. 
Further, the church of the house of the Augustinian canons at 
Bristol was made the seat of another bishopric, which took in 
the counties of Bristol and Dorset. It is a striking testimony 
to the importance of this part of England in that age, that two 
of the six sees which were then erected should have fallen to 
its share. Its promise of increasing importance was not 
fulfilled. Trade has migrated to the northern counties, and in 
1836 the dioceses of Gloucester and Bristol were united under 
one bishop. 

Gloucestershire suffered severely in the Civil War. Bristol 
was fired in three places before it was surrendered, and all the 
suburbs of Gloucester were burned down during the seige. 
After the Restoration, Charles II. ordered Gloucester to be 
dismantled and its castle destroyed. But to the chief port of 
England, as Bristol was, prosperity rapidly returned. The 
merchants of Bristol, in their eagerness to grow rich, did not 
much heed the source from which their wealth came ; and trade 
with the West Indies revived the old habit of kidnapping men 
and sending them away to slavery. This was so notorious that 
the cruel Judge Jefferies, in his " Bloody Assize " of 1685, ^^^ 
one act that was creditable. He ordered the Mayor of Bristol 
to leave the bench from where he was sitting, and take his 


The Story of Glatiuster shire. 319 

place in the dock ; there he poured forth upon the astonished 
magistrate a torrent of coarse eloquence, in which he denounced 
the iniquity of the Bristol traffic in the bodies of men. It is 
noticeable how the old associations lingered. When the move- 
ment for the abolition of the slave trade was set afloat, Bristol 
was the centre of the most determined opposition to that act 
of national morality. 

The end of the eighteenth century saw the comparative 
decline in the greatness of Gloucestershire as the centre of 
English commerce and industry. The woollen manufacture 
migrated northward to Yorkshire. The Forest of Dean lost its 
monoply of iron working. The general direction of trade 
shifted northwards. Gloucestershire has actually increased in 
all its trade and manufactures during the last century and a 
half; it has only comparatively declined. This fact gives it it^ 
special interest among the shires of England. None tells so 
well the history of the continuous growth and progress of 
England's industries. Gloucestershire keeps the record of 
England's normal growth, and enables us to judge what England 
would have been without the great invention of machinery and 
means of transport which have given a new turn to modem 
industrial and social life. There are those who, nowadays, as 
they ramble along the Cotswold hills and drop down upon the 
stately old towns that fringe their base, linger over the memories 
of the lessor England of the past, and wonder if things are 
always great in proportion to their size, or if life is always useful 
in proportion to its bustle. 


Report on the Public Records, x8ox. 

The following entries, relative to the county of Gloucester^ 
appear in this volume : — 
Page 270. Returns of the Clerk of the Peace for the County of 
Gloucester, being public records, rolls, instruments, and 
M.S. books and papers in his custody. 
I. Certain M.S. Folio Books or Entries of Orders, Adjudi- 
cations, and other proceedings of the several Courts 
of Quarter Sessions from 1681, except an interval, 

320 Glotuestershire Notes afid Queries. 

2. Separate Registers of Deeds enrolled at Quarter Sessions, 

or deposited with the Clerk of the Peace from 1723. 

3. Papists' names and estates from 17 17. 

4. Rolls of Indictments preferred at Law Sessions from 


5. Rolls of Recognizances and Convictions had before 

private justices, and returned to Quarter Sessions from 
about 1730. 

6. Original orders of removals of paupers and various other 

instruments and papers. 

7. Rolls of Registries of Grants and Annuities made pursuant 

to act for preventing fraudulent votes at the elections 
of members. 

8. Qualifications of Militia Officers and Deputy Lieutenants. 

9. Certificates exempting from various offices. 

10. Rules or Articles of Friendly Societies. 

11. Victuallers' recognizances. 

12. Registries of the taking of oaths of allegiance and 

supremacy, &c. 

There is a correct catalogue of all deeds enrolled and deposited, 
and of Friendly Societies' Articles and registers and indexes 
of indictments preferred of late years. 

Page. 319. Return from the Deputy Registrar of the ZHocese of 


An account of the Records, Books, Deeds, Papers, and 

Writing in the Registrars' office of the Consistory Court 

of the Diocese of Gloucester. 

I. A volume of Index of Wills entitled "Index sive tabula 

Testamentorum et Ultimarum Voluntatum ab erectione 

sedis Episcopalis Gloucestriae .probatorum" 

from the year 1541 to 1649 inclusive. 

2. A volume of Acts of Administration .... 1604 to 1614 


3. A volume entitled "Testamenta probata tempore vener- 

abilis viri Richardi Parsons vicarii in 

spiritualibus generalis & incipien. 26*^ Martii Anno 
Domini 1677." Other entries of Commissions, Marriage 
Licences and Administrations granted. Also Institutions 
to benefices are contained in this volume, from 1658 to 


Report on the Public Records. 321 

4. A volume containing copies of letters patent granted by 

William, Lord Bishop of Gloucester, to Owen Brigstock, 
principle Registrar of the Bishop of Gloucester, dated 
29^ January, 1660. Also surrender of that patent by 
the said Owen Brigstocke, and thereupon Mr. Richard 
Fowler was accepted as principal Registrar and sworn. 
Also copies of Wills proved in the said office, and 
copies of Bonds taken on delivery of original wills 
from the year 1661 to the year 1683 inclusive. 

5. A volume, being an index to Wills and Administrations 

from 1660 to 1676 inclusive; including an index of 
dispersed wills from 1549 to 1697 inclusive. 

6. A volume, being an index to wills beginning in the year 

1677, ^^^ ending in the year 1701. 
Lambeth Palace Libraty. 
P. 410. Parliamentary Surveys of the county of Gloucester, 
Vol. IX. 

Longevity at Sandhurst 

In the last 50 years, ending Nov. 30, 1891, 1 find in our burial 
register, 68 persons between 80 and 90 years, and 16 between 90 
and 100 years. Of these, 32 were 85 years and upwards, and 8 
were 95 years and upwards. Of the 8, one was 99, and one 100 
years old. The centenarian was Hannah Hancock, who died in 
1859 ; the one in her looth year was Mary Bick, who died Feb. 
25, 1 89 1. Of the 16 nonagenarians, 12 were females. The 
population of Sandhurst in 1871 was 602; in 1881 it was 462; 
and in 1 89 1 it was 438. Thomas Holbrow. 

Sandhurst Vicarage. 


The Stage in Gloucestershire. 

The "Brighton Gazette" of 25 February, 1892, contains a 
paragraph which will be of interest to Gloucestershire people 
as showing the position of actors in the county some sixty years 
ago, and we therefore reprint it here : — 

The other week we referred to the death of an old inhabitant, 
namely, Mr. S. H. Betts, who may be remembered as an artist 

322 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

and photographer of considerable talent. Mr. W. H. Speer, a 
Brighton journalist, is now in possession of many valuable papers 

and curios left him by Mr. Betts. « The late Mr. Betts' 

father, it may be added, was connected with the stage, though 
the time in which he flourished can hardly be styled the '' good 
old times" for the actor. Those were the days of travellin^^ 
companies, when, too, they were thought so hardly of, that on 
entering a town for the purpose of establishing their entertain- 
ment, they found it necessary to apply to the Chief Magistrate 
of the place for a certificate or testimonial of respectability. A 
curious and interesting document of this kind has been left by 
Mr. S. H. Betts, given under the hand of the Mayor of Berkeley 
close upon sixty years ago. It is as follows : — 

" I, John Speer, the present Mayor of the Borough Town of 
Berkeley, in the County of Gloucester, do hereby certify that 
Samuel Betts, now of Wickham, in the said County of Gloucester, 
Comedian (together with other Comedians belonging to his 
Company), did, during the months of February and March last 
past, with my consent and approbation, perform in the Town 
Hall in Berkeley, various lawful Tragedies, Plays, and Comedies, 
apparently with general satisfaction to the inhabitants of Berkeley 
aforesaid, and with much credit to themselves. And I do here- 
by further certify that the said Samuel Betts (the Manager) and 
Company, during the period aforesaid, conducted themselves 
with proper decorum and in a peaceable and quiet manner. 
Dated this 25th day of April, 1829. 

(Signed), John Spber, Mayor." 


The Oliver Family. 

AS there are some inaccuracies in the account given in 
Vol. v., p. 158, et seqy of that branch of the above family 
which became of Wollescote, near Stourbridge, by marriage 
with the heiress of Milward, I send the following correct 
narrative : — 

Hungerford Oliver^ son of Edward, of Bristol, described in 
his marriage articles, dated 29 April, 1761, as "late of the city 
of Bristol, and now of Old Swinford, gentleman,*' married at 
Old Swinford, 3 April, 1761, Prudence, daughter, and in her issue, 
sole heiress of Thomas Milward, Esq., of Wollescote, in the 


The Oliver Family. 323 

parish of Old Swinford. The Grange House, which is close to 
Wollescote House, and was formeriy called " Percote Grange," 
was settled by Mr. Milward, with other property, upon his 
daughter ; and Mr. Oliver agreed to expend a certain sum in 
enlarging the house. Mr. Oliver died on 22, and was buried 
at Old Swinford on 29 Aug., 1807, aged 68. By the said Prudence, 
his wife, who was baptized at Old Swinford, i April, 1732, and 
buried there 26 Nov., 1794, aged 62, he had issue: — 

1. Edward \yiOXYsdi'^. Milward'l Oliver^ bap. 2 Feb., 1763, 

of whom next. 

2. Prudence^ bom 2 April, and bapt. 3 June, 1764; married 

to Rev. Matthew Booker^ and died f ./. 

3. Jane^ bom 31 May, and bapt. 20 Sept., 1765 ; mar. to 

Henry Wood [not Henry Burhach\ of Burbage, co Leic. 

4. Thomas Milward Oliver^ bom 25 Dec, 1766; bapt. 

22 Jan., 1767. 
$. Catherine^ bom 16 Jan., and bapt. 22 Feb., 1768. 

6. Elizabeth^ bom 24 Feb., and bapt. 28 March, 1769. 

7. Ann^ bom 2 Jan., and bapt. 28 April, 1771. All 

three died unmarried. 

8. Maty^ bora 3 June, and bapt. 3 Sept., 1775 ; died un- 

married at Stourbridge, 25 March, 1863, aged 88. 
Edward Oliver succeeded to Wollescote, the estate of his 
matemal ancestors. His wife, Anne^ was the daughter of 
Joseph Harpur [not Harper], Esq., then residing at Caldwall 
Hall, Kidderminster. He sold the estate, and died at Stourbridge 
in embarrassed circumstances, having for some years resided in 
the Isle of Man. He had issue : 

1. Edward Milward Oliver^ bapt. 23 Jan., 1788 ; bur. 

31 Dec, 1791. 

2. John Harpur Oliver, bapt. 4 Feb., 1789 ; bur. 2 Jan., 1792. 

3. Thomas Milward Oliver, bom 18, and bapt. 23 July, 1790; 

an Officer in the Army ; died unmarried. 

4. Mary Harpur, bom 23, and bapt. 31 Aug., 1791 ; mar. 

at Oldswinford, 25 Nov., 1828, to William Orme, a 
vridower, then of the parish of St. Mary Newington, 
but had no issue. 

5. Harriet Ann, bapt. 9 Feb., 1793 (died unmarried ?). 

6. Edward Milward Oliver, bapt. i May, 1795, of whom 


7. John Powell, bapt. 9 Aug., and bur. i Nov., 1798. 

8. Mona Anne [xioi Maria] married, circa 1823, to William 

324 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Davis^ of Grimsend House, Alfrick» co. Worcester. 
9. Anne Harpur died unmarried. 

Edward Mihoard Oliver succeeded to the representation of 
the family on the death of his elder brother, Thomas. He was 
never *' of Wollescote/' but he owned and resided at the Brake 
farm at Hagley, a small property left to him by his kinsman* 
the Rev. Milward Southall. He married Ann^ daughter of 
William Bqyntany and died 26 Oct., 1874, aged 79, leaving a 
widow and eleven children. 

The silver snuff-box of which Mr. V. L. Oliver speaks, and 
which is referred to by me in the " Herald and Genealogist," 
was the property of old Miss Mary Oliver, who died 1863, aged 
88. There is no motto upon it. In fact, "Dieu mon appui" 
is the motto of the Hungerford family, and was suggested by me. 

Jane Hungerford was the second wife of Edward Oliver, of 
Bristol. This appears from his will in which he bequeaths 
f inter aliaj the pictures " of my late wife and [? her] younger 
sister, to "my brother-in-law, Nathaniel Grundy, Esq/' He 
mentions his " loving wife, Jane," and his children, " Hungerford, 
Jane, Anne, and Catherine.'* He gives his estate at Musbuiy 
to his " sister-in-law, Susannah Rogers," and makes his good 
friends, John Oliver and William Hayle, grocers, and James 
Gully, ironmonger, all of Bristol, executors and trustees. 

The will of Tho' Hungerford Oliver (father of Jane Oliver) 
is dated 5 Dec, 1739. He was seised in fee of an estate at 
Yatton, and also had a lease-hold estate there. He also 
possessed South Sea Stock, Bank Stock, and other personal 
securities, which he gives to his sons-in-law, Richard Bayley, 
Esq., Amberson fsicj Tyte, and Edward Oliver, and to G€K>rge 
Tyte, his grandson, all of Bristol, upon certain trusts. To his 
daughter, Rebecca Tyte, ;^i 000; to his daughter, Jane, "now 
wife of the said Edward Oliver," ;^9oo. To his sons, daughters, 
sons-in-law, and daughters-in-law, living at his decease, jf 10 
for mourning. To his grand-children, "other than to my 
grand-child, Ann Hungerford," £s each for mourning. To the 
said Ann Hungerford, ;^ioo. "To each of my three daughters* 
Ann Bayley, Rebecca Tyte, and Jane Oliver, their respective 
pictures that now hang in my parlour" and ;^ioo. His son, 
Thomas Hungerford, to be sole executor, and he gives his 
residue to him for life and then to his children. But if his said 
son should die without issue, to survive to the age of 25, then 
to his (testator's) two daughters, Rebecca Tyte and Jane Oliver 


The Oliver Family. 325. 

equally. To his said daughter, Rebecca, the further sum of ;^3oo. 
He also mentions his grand-children, Mary Tyte and Rebecca 
Tyte, and his " late son-in-law, Thomas Rishton." If his said 
son, Thomas, should marry,* power is given him to make a 
jointure of the estate at Yatton, subject to legacies, &c., and 
his said son to have liberty to grant to Edward Creed what 
further lives he may want to put into Oldfields in Yatton Marsh. 
(From a copypertes late E. M. Oliver).. 

Mr. V. L. Oliver is no doubt better acquainted with the 
earlier history of this family than I am, but I have always 
supposed that the Thomas Oliver, owner of the snuflf-box, 1695,. 
was the father of Edward, of Bristol. 

Grove Park, Chiswick. H. SYDNEY GrAZEBROOK. 

Tewkesbury Abbey- 

The following entry which lately appeared in a London book- 
seller's catalogue seems worthy of a permanent note in our 
pages, and will doubtless be of interest to the reader. Such a 
manuscript should find a resting place in the county. 

** Chronica de Fundatoribus et de Fundatione Ecclesia^ 
Theokusburie, quae fundata fuit primo anno gratise Domini 
DCCXV. per Duces Merciorum." 

Manuscript upon vellum, executed in the middle of the XV**^ 
century by an English scribe upon 46 leaves (9J x 7 inches), 
illustrated with portraits and coats-of-arms. 4to, bound in brown 
morocco by Hayday, 84/. 

A most interesting and valuable manuscript, being a History 
of the Founders and Benefactors of Tewkesbury Abbey, co. 
Gloucester, illustrated with their portraits drawn and coloured, 
and their coats-of-arms. 

The list of founders, &c., is as follows : — 

1. William, Earl of Gloucester, fol. 6. 

2. Oddo and Doddo, Dukes of Mercia, fol. 83. 

3. Hugh, Duke of the Mercians, fol. 10. 

4. Haywardus Meaw, and Algiva his wife, fol. io3. 

5. Robert, son of Haimo, who married his own sister 

Sibiila, fol. 13. 

* Who then was the father of testator's grandchild, Ann Hungerford ? 
Perhaps, however, Thomas was a widower. 

326 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

6. Robert Candos, fol. 14. 

7. Robert Consul and Mabilia his wife, fol. 15. 

8. William, Earl of Gloucester, and Hawysa his wife, fol. 15. 

9. John, son of Henry II., fol. i6b. 

10. Richard de Clare I., Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 

fol. 173. 

11. His son Gilbert I., Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, 

fol. 18. 

12. Richard de Clare II., Earl of Hereford and Gloucester, 

fol. 18^. 

13. Gilbert II., Earl of Hereford and Gloucester, fol. 18^. 

14. Gilbert III., Earl of Hertford and Gloucester, fol. 20. 
1$. Hugh II. le Despensere, Earl of Gloucester, fol. 21. 

16. Hugh III. le Dispensere, fol. 22^. 

17. Edward le Despensere, fol. 24. 

18. Thomas le Despenser, fol. 25^. 

19. Isabella le Despenser, fol. 27. 

20. Richardus de Bello Campo, fol. 27^. 

21. Richard de Becham, Earl of Warwick, fol. 28^. 

22. Domina Isabella le Despenser, fol. 31. 

23. Henricus I., Dux Warwicie, fol. 32. 

24. Richard Nevel, Earl of Warwick, fol. 36^. 

25. George, Duke of Clarence, and Isabel his wife, fol. 38. 

26. Richard, Duke of Gloucester, and Anne his wife, fol. 38. 

27. Dominus Edward, Prince, son of Henry VI., fol. 38^. 

28. George, Duke of Clarence, and Edward his son, fol. 41. 

Of the above Founders there are full-length portraits to the 
first twenty-four, with their coats-of-arms, all executed in colours; 
the portraits of ** Oddo and Doddo," and " Robert, son of 
Haimo," upon folios 83 and 13, are the full size of the page; the 
others vary from three to five inches in height. The history of 
the Founders is followed on folio 42^ by an account of the 
removal of the monks of Cranborne to the monastery of 
Tewkesbury under the direction of Giraldus, Abbot, in 1102. 
This last piece is written by another hand, although of the 
same period as the rest of the manuscript. 

Memoranda on the fly-leaves of the MS. state that former 
owners were Robert, Lord Spencer of Wormleighton, co. 
Warwick, Mary, Baroness Le Despencer, daughter and heiress 
of Henry, Baron Abergavenny (in the i6th century), and Edward 
Grevell. During the present century it has been in the possession 
of the Earls of Westmoreland. 


Tewkesbury Abbey. 327 

Some portion of this Chronicle is printed by Dngdale in his 
" Monasticon Anglicanum ; " it is» however, not taken from this 
MS., of the existence of which he was doubtless miaware, but 
from a i6th century transcript upon paper, without the drawing 
or coats-of-arms, which is now in the British Museum (Cotton 
MSS., Cleopatra, C. III.)» c^nd forms a portion of a thick 4to 


Epitaphs. — In my father's common-place book I find the 
following note of two very remarkable epitaphs which are 
probably still to be seen in Berkeley Churchyard. They were on 
two altar tombs on the right-hand of the pathway leading from 
the north gate of the churchyard to the west end of the church. 

F. L. M. R. 
" Beneath this tomb lie the remains of Thomas Waight, late 
of Pinnell's End Farm in the parish of Coaley, who died 23 
January, 1834, aged 59 years. 

The opinion of the deceased was — 

That God shows the greatest kindness 

To all mortals with few frowns ; 
It must be determined blindness, 
That this sacred truth disowns." 
" I remember the farmer well ; a prodigy of stoutness, fond of 
garlic and of gruff demeanor, who formerly lived at Old Hurst 
Farm, Slimbridge. 

The following still more curious epitaph to his daughter, 
whom I also remember, is in the same churchyard." 
" Farewell affiction, grief, and pain ; 

Welcome, eternal bliss ; 
Thank God I I ne'er shall live again 
In such a world as this." 


Sacrilege in Gloucester Cathedral^ 1798.— Herewith I 
send an extract from an old note book in my possession : — 

" 1798. Whereas a quantity of Fainted Glass has been lately 
stolen from the East Window of the Cathedral, Ordered that a 
reward of 50 guineas be offered for the discovery and conviction 
of the offenders. Advertised three times in the Gloucester 

328 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

In accordance with the above, we find in the Gloucester Jmimal 
the following in the issue of July 2, 1798 : — 

** Whereas some evil-minded and wicked persons have of late 
years stolen the painted glass from the windows of the Cathedral 
Church of Gloucester, and particularly within the two months 
last past, several painted heads have been taken from the East 
Window. It is ordered by the Dean and Chapter that the sum 
of Fifty Guineas shall be paid to any person who will give 
information against the oflfender or offenders, so that he or they 
may be convicted of the same." Samuel Whitcombe, 

Chapter Clerk. 

"An accomplice giving information will be entitled to the 
same reward, and interest made to obtain his pardon." 

Was the perpetrator or perpetrators of this grave crime ever 

discovered? G. Armstrong Howitt. 


American Searches in England. •— The " Genealogical 
Gleanings in England" by H. F. Waters, A.M., printed in 
the New England Register, January, 1892, which is published 
at Boston, Mass., contains the following notes : — 

Abstract of the will of John Best, son of Rowland Best, of 
Twining, Glos., dated 18 June, 1666, and proved in P.C.C., 
4 May, 1677, Can 58. 

Extract from deed dated 11 Feb., 17 13-14, and recorded in 
Registry of Deeds of Bristol County, Mass., which relates to the 
family of Lugg, who lived near the city of Gloucester. The 
grantor was Easter Marshall, aged 80, nSe Hester Lugg, who 
gives all her rights in the estate of her honoured father and 
mother, John Lugg and Jane Lugg, to her son-in-law, John Hall. 
The Editor of the New England Register suggests that Jane 
Lugg was a daughter of John Deighton, and sister of Frances 
Williams and Katberine Hagbume. He also refers to the 
articles on William, of Wotton-under-Edge, page 92, ante^ and 
to Mr. Deighton's paper on the Deightons on p. 135 ante. 

Also the wills of 
John Guyse, Elmore, gent, pr. 24 Oct., 16 14. P.C.C. Lawe 98. 

William Guise, of Gloucester, Esq., proved 31 May, 1641. 
P.C.C. Evelyn 60. 

William Gyse, Elmore, Esq., pr. 14 Sep., 1 653. P.C.C. Brent 14. 
John Woodward, of Quinton, Gloucester, gent., proved 
13 May, 1612. P.C.C. Fenner42. 


Will of Robert Cluttcrbuck, 1563. 

Robert Cloterbooke, whose will is given below, was the son 
of Thomas Cloterbooke, of Leonard Stanley, who died 1551. 
and Agnes, his wife, who died 1572. His brothers, who are 
named in this testament, each founded families of which the 
descents are traced — Richard, at King Stanley, William, at 
Eastington, John, at Leonard Stanley ; but the testator, Robert 
Cloterbooke, whose will was proved by his relict, left no issue. 
This document is interesting not only for the valuable corrobor- 
ation of genealogical facts it contains, but aLso on account of 
the bequests of arms and clothing. It would be too hazardous 
to risk a conjecture as to the identity of the mill, although there 
is one which might seem very likely ; but even if this testator 
(fid not live there, the descendants of his brother John certainly 
inhabited a house in Leonard Stanley called Downton. 

R. H. C. 

In the name of God, Amen« the xxv^ dale of October in 
the year of our Lord God, 1562; I, Robert Cloterbooke^ of Stanley 
Leonard^ in the countie and diocese of Glouc', being in good 
And perfecte memorie and justement in spirite and conscience. 
But sycke and deceased in my bodie doe devise, ordayne, and 
make, and cause to be written, this my last will and testament 
jas foUoweth: First, I yealde upp, give, and bequeath to 
Almightie God, my soule, besechinge hym to take and receave 
it to his mercie, and my bodie I bequeathe to the buriall as the 
Christianes, in hope of a joyfull resurrection to lyfe everlastynge. 
Item I gyye to the boxe and use of the poore people of the 
parish of the saide Leonarde Stanley, xx**. Item I bequeathe^ 
;gyve, and assigne oyere unto Jane Cloterbooke, my wife, all my 
interest, tytle, clayme, rights, and termes of yeares that I have, 
shall, maye, or oughte to have in the one halfe pte and moyetie 
of une Tucke myll with ray tytle and halfe p'fitts in a gryste 
fuyll, thereto belonging, lying, and beinge in Kyng Stanley, and 
holden by lease of John Harmer, with all the comodities and 

VOL. y> y 

330 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

profittes to the said halfe Tucke mill belonging or appertaininge 
as it appeare the more plainlye by the saied lease or in^lenture to 
have and to hold the same to the saied Jane Cloterbooke, and 
to her assignes from the feaste of St. Michaell Thearckangell, 
next ensuinge to the ende and expiration of the saied lease, 
which is xxxi yeres. Also I give to the saied Jane, my wife, one 
Lease or Indenture with all the claime, tytle, term of yeres, and 
right, that I have or may have in one meadowe called the mere 
medowe by virtue of the said leasse which I boueghte of John 
Harmer of King Stanley, to have and to hold the same to the 
said Jane during tne yeres and tearme of the saied lease. Itena 
I give to Thomas Cloterbooke, my brother, Richarde Cloterbooke's 
eldest son, my best coate. Also I give to Thomas Cloterbooke, 
my brother, John, his eldest son, my sworde, my dager, with my 
purse and my girdals. Also I give to Richard Cloterbooke, my 
brother, John, his sonne, my seconde best coate. Also I give 
to William Cloterbooke, my brother, my best satten doblett. 
Also I give to William Nicolsonne, my servaunte, my shotinge 
bowe and xij shafles, which shafts or arrowes be in the custodie 
of Richard Donne, a flecher in Glouc'. Also I give to Richard 
Thomas, curate of Stroude, my chambelet Jacket. Also I gi^e 
to Fernando Cloterbooke, my brother's sonne, my lether Jerkine. 
The rest and residue of all my goodes, cattells, and detts, 
moveable and immoveable, after my legacies fulfilled and my 
detts paid, I give and bequethe to Jane, my wiffe, whom I 
appointe, nominate, and make my sole and whole executrix, and 
Also I nominate and choose my two brothers, Richard 
Cloterbooke, of Stanley, and William Cloterbooke, of Estingtonne, 
overseers to and of this my testament, to ayde and assyste my 
saied executrixe, and see this my will proved; and I gyvQ to 
eyther of them towardes theire paynes in token of my goodwill, x\ 

These bearinge wittnes : 


William Sellwine, 


Edmunde Coxe, 

Auncelme Itheridge. 

•" This will is written on parchment, not signed by testator** 

Endorsed: ^* Proved at Gloucester on June xxv., an. 1563." 


Gloucestershire Wills. 331 

Gloucestershire Wills {continued). 

James Macye, of Cam, 1610, mentions the poor of Cam and 
Slimbridge ; my three daughters, unmarried, Ursula, Anne, and 
Deborah ; wife, Anne, to be executrix ; lands entailed on son 
John; daughter, Elizabeth Essington; to daughter, Joane Nelme's 
children, 100 m.; son-in-law, Richard Nelme. Overseers: Robert 
Essington and Joseph Harding. 

Proved at Gloucester. 

William Nelme, of Woodford, Berkeley, husbandman, 17 April, 
I bio; mentions his son, William Nelme, and daughters, Martha 
Elizadeth and Mary ; his brother, Thomas Nelme, to be executor. 
Proved at Gloucester. 

Thomas Nealme, of the town and parish of Berkeley, husband- 
man, 28 May, 1606; son, John; residuary legatee and executrix, 
Agnes, my lawful wife. 

Proved at Gloucester, 4 Dec, 1606. 

John Nelme, of Sanigar, yeoman, 14 October, 161 1 ; daughter, 
Gillian; sons, Thomas, John, William, and Nicolas; cousin, 
Mary Nelme ; brother, Thomas Nelme, and kinsman, John Hall, 
overseers; witnesse*s, Charles Erneley, clerk, John Saull, Thomas 
Nelme, Jerremy Nelme, George Lewis. 

Proved at Gloucester, 30 January, 161 1 -12. 

Robert Pumelly of North Nibley, yeoman, 4 February, 16 15; 
my wife, Jane, executrix ; daughter, Marie ; eldest son, Robert 
Purnell, executor ; to second son, John Purnell, a broad loom ; 
youngest son, Francis Purnell, under 16; brothers, John Purnell, 
Thomas Purnell, and Francis Purnell; and brother-in-law, 
Maurice Androwes, overseers. Signed by testator's mark, "R.P." 
witnesess : Francis Purnell, Xfer Turner, Henrv Exall and John 

Proved at Gloucester, 3 Jan. 161 6. 

Walttr Purnell, of Hull, alias Hill, yeoman, 24 May, 13 
Charles ; to be buried in Barkley Churchyard ; William Purnell, 
my brother ; I owe Thomas Freeman, £1 ; my sister, Jane 
Higgs; Giles Higgs* children; Mary Purnell, my wife, to be 
residuary legatee and executrix ; overseers, Henrie Dymerie and 
EUrett Foxle, yeomen ; debts named ; witnesses— Nicholas 
Neales and Henry Heathfield. 

Proved at Gloucester, 7 June, 1637. 

Francis Purnell, of North Nibley, broad-weaver, 28 December, 
1664; Joane, my wife; daughter, Joane, under 21 ; daughter. 


332 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 

Mary ; daughter, Sara, to have lease of house at Stancombe ; 
Sara and Elizabeth, daughters of Nicholas Trotman, of Stinch- 
combe. Witnesses — brother, Robert Purnell, brother-in-law, 
Thomas May, brother-in-law, Walter May, and William Trotman. 

Thomas Bushe, of Bristol, grocer, 16 February, 1637 ; to be 
buried at All Saints', Bristol, next to my children ; to Mr. George 
Williamson, for a sermon; recites settlement on daughters, 
Elizabeth, Mary, Martha, and Anne ; sons, Moses, John, and 
daughter, Elizabeth ; Cicellie, my wife ; mentions Christopher 
Cooke, alias Large, of Bristol, gent., and Susan, his wife; 
daughter, Elizabeth, wife of Vincent Boys ; my brother, Rice 
Bushe ; Mr. Richard Towgood and Mr. Robert Prichard ; 
Mr. Stanford, minister, of Christ Church ; Mr. Robert Pownall ; 
brothers, Edward Bushe and William Bushe ; sisters, Elizabeth 
Bushe, Martha Lyne, Johane Millard ; brother-in-law, Hugh 
Jones and John Jones ; sister-in-law, Margaret Banne and 
Wilmot Jones ; son-in-law, Vincent Bayes ; bequests to servants 
and to the poor. 

Proved, 14 May, 1637. P.CC, Lee 24. 

Anthony TryCy Passenham, Northants, clerk, land at Newent, 
which he holds for lives of Paul Foley, esq., called Nell Fields, 
to wife Judith for life; remainder to dau. Judith Sheppard; to 
son-in-law, Thomas Sheppard, /"200; recites agreement after 
death of son, Anthony Trye, with dau. -in-law, Elizabeth Tiye, 
to have use of /"300 for life, which after her death is to go to 
grandchildren, Judith Sheppard, John Sheppard, and James 
Sheppard ; lands in Stinchcombe, after death of Elizabeth 
Trye, and wife, Judith, to son-in-law, Thomas Sheppard, then 
to my daughter, Judith Sheppard, then to son, Thomas Sheppard, 
son of Thomas Sheppard, in tail ; remainder to John Sheppard, 
another son ; remainder to James, another son ; books in studdy, 
to son-in-law, Thomas Sheppard; residue to wife, the sole 
executrix: dated 3 Aug., 1700. 

Witnesses : Richard Townsend, John Joseph, Edmund Jackson. 

Proved in P.C.C, 27 Nov., 1701, by Judith, the relict. 

Daniel Trye, of Gloucester, gent., " in a weak state of health : " 
to mother, Mrs. Elizabeth Trye, 3 messuages, in parish of St. John 
Baptist, Gloucester ; messuage and cottage, in Stinchcombe and 
Cam ; also pasture ground near Nubbishash Turnpike, in Cam 
or Berkeley. Residuary legatee and executrix my mother. 
Dated 2 Nov., 1767. 

Witnesses : Samuel Cripps, Samuel Cripps, jun., and Edward 
Driver. No note of probate on copy examined. 

A Gloucestershire Prodigy. 

Giraldus Cambrensis in his "Gemma Ecclesiastica," cap. 
XXXV. "De cruce in Anglia volatum faciente," records an 
incident which doubtless caused much excitement in our county 
in the twelfth century : — 

"There is also the instance which happened in the year of 
the Martyrdom of the blessed Thomas, Archbishop of Canterbury, 
in the bishopric of Worcester, in a village Stanewic* by name, 
and distant about two miles from the Monastery of Winchelcumbe, 
for when the parish priest, whose name was Roger, was 
celebrating the Vigil of the Ascension, and pronouncing the 
words " Qui pridie*" &c., a certain cross exhibiting the face and 
figure of the Crucified (and somewhat larger than that carried 
in processions), though firmly fixed to the woodwork, which 
stretched from wall to wall behind the altar, suddenly tore itself 
away, and raising itself, as if in flight, from the sharp ledge of 
wood, which lay under the feet of the Crucified, touched with 
its lower and very sharp point the head and crown (tonsure) of 
the priest. 

And when it had reached the middle of the presbytery, turning 
itself towards the altar, it fell backward to the earth, with a great 
crash — the head being towards the entrance of the presbytery, 
and the feet stretched out towards the Altar. After Mass, 
the deacon raised the cross, and restored it to its place. 

The priest, however, immediately betaking himself to Roger, 
the bishop (of good memory), son of the Earl of Gloucester, 
rehearsed what had happened ; and he, in order that by the 
testimony of very many, he might have fuller information 
concerning this, sent to this Church certain of his attendants, 
one of whom was said to be Master Silvester. And the truth of 
the matter having been enquired into, they learnt by the testimony 
of the whole parish that it was true. 

The Priest and Deacon further testified that on the third 
night afler this event, they had^ again come to the church at 
day-break, and had found the cross prostrate in the same place. 

Yet what this should have portended is indeed known unto 
God, but so far it has remained unknown to men — except 
perhaps that it occurred a little while before the Martyrdom of 
the blessed Thomas, bishop of Canterbury, [December 29, 1 170,] 
and that this cross, by its flight, had miraculously declared so 
great a contumely impending over the Church of Christ and the 
dishonour of the Crucified." T. Melland Hall. 

• This is probably the modem " Stanway." 

334 Glotuesterskire Notes and Queries. 

Notes on the Trotman Family (concluded), 
Trotman of Syston. 
We now give a pedigree of the Trotman s of Syston Court, who 
were settled there from 1651 until it passed to the female line on 
the death of Mr. Fiennes Trotman in 1835. A fine engraving 
of this mansion, the seat of Samuel Trotman, Esq., which has 
remained substantially unaltered to the present day, is given in 
Sir Robert Atkyns' GUmcestenhire. 

I. Samuel Trotman, of the Inner Temple, Esq., and of 
Bucknell, Oxfordshire, in 1638, and Syston Court, Gloucester- 
shire, which he bought in 1651, was the seventh son,* and the 
thirteenth child of Mr. Edward Trotman, the elder, of Eastwood, 
who " comfortably departed this life," and was buried at Cam 
in 1633. He was born 10, and bapt. at Cam, 17 Feb., 1599, 
and died 18 Jan., 1684; buried at Bucknell, m.i. ; he married, 
first, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Waigh, of Qerkenwell, lie, 
12 May, 1638, by whom he had issue : 

( 1 ) Elizabeth, died in infancy. 

He mar., secondly, Mary, dau. of Samuel Warcup, of English, 
Oxfordshire, by Ann, his wife, daughter of William Lenthall, of 
Burford Priory, and sister of William Lenthall, Speaker of the 
Long Parliament, lie*, 4 March, 1646-7 ; she died 15 April, 1667 ; 
buried at Bucknell. 9 Sept., 1667, m.i., she had issue: 

(2) Mary, born 1647; married Richard Of bom, lie. 

2 Dec. 1672, and d. s,p. 

(3) Samuel Trotman, of whom next. 

(4) Hannah, born 1652, married to Robert Wadman, 

of Imber, Wilts, who died 1691, leaving issue 
[see Visitation of Wilts, 1682] : 

(5) Joseph Trotman, of Bucknell, born there 12 Feb., 

bapt. 12 March, 1653-4; d.s.p, 

(6) Susannah, bom 17 Jan.; bapt. 21 Jan., 1655-6, 

at Bucknell; died 1722, leaving issue; mar. 
29 Aug., 1689, at Syston, as third wife, to 
Sir Richard Holford, of Avebury, Master in 
Chancery; lie. 26 July, 1689. 

(7) Lenthall Trotman, of whom below. 

(8) Elizabeth, born 3 Feb.; bapt. 27 Feb., 1660-1 ; 

d. s.p, ; bur. 4 Feb., 166 1-2 at Bucknell. 

♦ Throckmorton Trotman, the famous London merchant, whose will we 
hare already given, was an elder brother of this Samuel Trotman. 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 335 

(9) ^a/TdA, born6July; bapt. 20 July, 1667, at Buck- 
nell; married at Westminister Abbey, 1701, to 
John Hicks i D.D., and was living a widow in 

II. Samuel Tro/man,, of Syston, Esq., born 1649; died in 
London, 6 Feb., 1719-20, aged 70; buried at fiucknell, 16 
Feb., m.i., was M.P. for Bath. His bookplate, of which we 
give a facsimile, is dated 1702, and displays the arms of Trotman, 
quartering those of Tindal, and over all, an escutcheon of 
pretence charged with the arms of his second wife. He married, 
first, Dorothy, daughter and co-heiress of Robert Dring^ of 
Isleworth, Middlesex, by whom he had issue : 

(i) Dorothea, married 16 Oct., 171 2, at Syston, her 

cousin, Samuel Trotman, and died s.p., 1 May, 

bur. 4 May, 1720, at Bucknell.f 

He married, secondly, Elizabeth, widow of Sir William Drake^ 

of Shardloes, Bucks, Knt., and daughter and heiress of the 

Hon. William Montague, chief baron of the exchequer; lie. 

dated 15 Dec*., 1691, she being aged about 37 ; by her had issue: 

(2) Frances, died in infancy. 

We now revert to 
II. Lenthall Trotman, born 27 Jan., bapt. 30 Jan., 1658-9, 
at Bucknell; died 22 Jan., aged 50, 1709-10; buried at Bucknell, 
26 Jan., m.i. ; he married in the chapel of Wadham College, 
Oxford, Mary, only daughter of Thomas Phillips, of Ickford 
Manor, Bucks. She died 19 Nov., 17 14, in her 52nd year, and 
was buried at Bucknell, 2j Nov., m.i. Will proved in P.C.C. 
They had issue : 

(i) Samuel Trotman, of Syston and Bucknell, bom 
7 March; bapt. 9 March, 1685-6, at Bucknell, 
m.i.; M.P. for Woodstock, 1724-30; married 
his cousin, Dorothea Trotman, and d. tip. 

(2) Thomas Trotman, of whom next. 

(3) Edward Trotman, of whom below. 

* Arms of Dring : argent, a lion passant gules, and over all, a pale azure. 

t For a very full and interesting account of this wedding, see extracts 
from a manuscript entitled "John Sanders, his book, 17 12," which are 
printed in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, II., 273. John Sanders was 
a retainer of the family, and his diary affords us a most vivid picture of the 
manners of the times. 

336 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

in. Thomas Trotman, bom 3 Aug.; bapt. 4 Aug., 1686, at 
Bucknell; died 26 May, 1751, aged 65; buried at Bucknell, 
I June, m.i. ; married Elizaheih^ daughter of Richard Haynes^ of 
Wick Court and Abson, Esq. r she was buried at Syston ; her 
hatchment being erected there. They had is»ue : 
(i) Samuel Trotman, of whom next. 

(2) ^»«^, bapt. 18 July 1725 ; died 12 Feb.; buried 

15 Feb., 1725-6, at Syston, aged 7 months, m.i. 

(3) Thomas Trotman, bapt. 19 July, 1726; died 2 Aug; 

buried 3 Aug., 1726, aged 14 days, m.i. at 

(4) Thomas TroiMan, bapt. 14 April, 1728; buried 

7 Feb, 1732, at Syston. 

IV. Samuel Trotman, of Syston and Bucknell; bapt. at 
Syston, 26 Oct., 1721 ; died 13 Jan., 1775, aged 54, s,p.\ buried 
at Bucknell, 18 Jan., m.i.; Sheriff of Oxfordshire, 1760; called 
" Lethargic Trotman." Will proved P.C.C. Married privately* 
Anne, daughter of Arthur Phmer, of Bristol: she died 10 June, 
1763; buried at Bucknell, 18 June, m.i.; married secondly, 
Maty, daughter of John Stanton, of Longbridge, Warwickshire, 
who survived him. 

We now revert to 
III. Edward Trotman, of Shelswell, Oxfordshire, bom 11 
June; bapt. 25 June, 1688, at Bucknell; died 23 Sep., 1743, 
aged 55 ; buried at Newton Purcell. m.i. ; married Maty, 
daughter and co-heiress of Sir Thomas Filmer^ of Am well 
Magna, Herts, and Susannah, his wife, daughter of Mr. John 
Fiennes, and sister and co-heiress of Lawrence, 5th Viscount 
Saye and Sele; she died 18 Aug., 1743, and was buried at 
Newton Purcell, m.i. They had issue : 

(1) Mary, died in infancy, 7 Feb, 1719-20; buried 

9 Feb., at Bucknell. 

(2) Fiennes Trotman, of Shelswell, Syston, and Buck- 

nell; died 2 Dec, 1782, in his 60th ^ear, j./.; 
buried at Newton Purcell, 10 Dec, m.i.; Sheriff 
of Oxfordshire, 1769. 

* Arms of Filmer : sable, three bars or, and in chief aa many cinquefofla 
of the last. 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 337 

(3) Susannah, bom 1721 ; married to Saunderson 

Miller, of Radway Grange, Warwickshire, and 
had issue. 

(4) Maty, bom and bapt. at Newton Purcell, 28 Aug., 

1728 ; buried there 30 March, 1733. 

(5) Samuel Trotman, of whom next. 

(6) Edward Trotman, bom 11 March; bapt. 12 March,. 

1724-5, at Newton Purcell; died, as a scholar 
at Winchester College, 1741 (entered 1737). 

IV. Samuel Trotman, M.A., Hartford College, Oxford ; Vicar 
of Syston and Rector of Newton Purcell; born 18 March, 
1723-4, at Newton Purcell; died 28 Nov. ; buried 2 Dec, 1773, 
aged 49, at Newton Purcell; married Maty, daughter of 
Thomas Newsham, of Butlers Marston, Warwickshire, and had 
issue : 

( 1 ) Maty, bom at Fulroer ; married to John Williams. 

(2) Samuel Trotman, sold his interest in the reversioa 

of Shelswell, and was excluded by his uncle, 
Fiennes Trotman, from any share in Syston and- 
Bucknell. He married, but died s.p. 

(3) Fiennes Trotman, of whom next. 

(4) Edward Trotman, of whom presently. 

V. Fiennes Trotman, of Shelswell, Syston, and Bucknell, died 
1823, and buried at Syston, 29 June, 1823, aged 71 ; sold 
Shelswell ; M.P. for Northants ; declined the viscounty of 
Say and Sele, which Pitt offered to revive in his favour ; married 
his cousin Hester, daughter of Saunderson Miller; she was 
buried at Syston, 13 Aug., 1833, aged 81. They had issue : 

(i) Fiennes Trotman, died an infant at Barrowby, 

(2) Samuel Trotman, bom at Northampton ; died 

May 23, 1788, in Mortimer St., Cavendish 
Square, London, aged 7^ years; buried at 
Syston, I June, 1788. 

(3) Mary Susan, died an infant at Northampton. 

(4) Mary Trotman, married Ponsonby Shepherd, Esq 

(5) Hester Louisa, married at Syston, 22 Aug., 1805, 

to Philip Thomas Wykeham, of Tythrop, Oxford- 

(6) Fiennes Trotman, of whom next. 

(7) Dorothy Trotman, baptised at Syston, 6 Jan., 1787 r 

married PowelL 


338 GlouusUrshire Notes and Queries. 

VI. Fiennu Troiman, of Syston. and Bucknell, Oxfordshire ; 
M.A., Christ Church, Oxford; J.P. and D.L. ; disentailed his 
estates; died ii Sept. 1835, aged 50; buried at Syston, m.i. 
He married first, his cousin, Harriet (called Henrietta on the 
m.i. at Syston), daughter of Francis Litchfield, of Northampton, 
by Anne, his wife, daughter of Saunderson Miller, of Radway 
Grange; she died 6 May ; buried 13 May, 1823, at Syston, aged 
51, m.i. ; and had issue : 

(1) Emmeline, bapt. 16 Dec, 18 18; interred 14 Feb., 

1823, at Syston, aged 4 years. 

(2) Harriet, bapt. 26 Jan., 1820, at Syston; died 1825. 

(3) Harrut Elizabeth, bapt. 23 Sept., 1821 ; buried 

25 Feb., 1875, at Syston, aged 55; married to 
Newton Broughton Dickenson, of Syston, jurt 
uxoris, and left issue. 

(4) John Fiennes Trotman, bapt. 23 Sept., 1821 ; buried 

15 Nov., 1824, at Syston, aged 3. 

(5) Lawrence Fiennes Trotman, bapt. 18 Aug., 1822; 

buried 16 June, 1823, at Syston. 
He married, secondly, Anne Elizabeth, only daughter of 
Thomas Deane, of Winchester, by whom he had issue a daughter : 

(6) Hester Louisa, bapt. at Syston, 25 July, 1830; 

married to Frederick Drummond Hihbert, of 
Bucknell, /«r(P uxoris. Lieutenant in Scots Greys, 
Colonel in Oxfordshire Yeomanry, and has issue. 

We now revert to 
V. Edward Trotman, bapt. at Syston, 18 Oct., 1760; died at 
Leamington, 2 July, 1822; vicar of Radway, and rector of 
Leamington. He married Lucy, daughter of Peers Newsham, 
vicar of Harbury and rector of Harborough Magna, Warwick- 
shire, who died 1 849, leaving issue : 

(i) Mary Susanna, bom Oct. 19, 1790; died Sept. 28, 

(2) Edward Peers Trotman, born Dec. 28, 1794; died 

May 28, 1802. 

(3) Fiennes Samuel Trotman, of whom below. 

(4) Emma Maria, bom July 9, 1800; died May 9, 


(5) Lucy, bom Feb. 21, 1806; m., Dallington, North- 

ants, on Dec. 22, 1823, to William John Wickham, 
surgeon, of Winchester ; died at Stoke Abbott, 
CO. Dorset, in 1883 ; and buried at Winchester. 

Edward Fiennf.s Trotman, 


Notes on the Trotman Family. 341 

VI. Fiennes Samuel Trotman, bom 24 Oct., 1796; died 
31 Jan., 1863, at Brighton; buried at Dallington, Northants: 
B.A., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge ; vicar of Dallington : 
rector of Stoke Goldington and Gayhurst, Bucks ; he married, first, 
in 1826, Maty, daughter of Nicholas EarU, rector of Swerford, 
Oxfordshire; she died at Dallington in 1841. He married, 
secondly, Caroline, daughter of George Short, Esq., of 
Bickham, Devon, who died at Marshfield, Gloucestershire 23 
April, i8qi, aged 90. By his first wife he had issue: 

(i) Mary Ann, born Feb. 2, 1826, married to Rev. 
Assheton Lloyd. 

(2) Emma Lucy, born March 13, 1829; married to 

H. E, Sullivan, Madras Civil Service. 

(3) Edward Fiennes Trotman, of whom below. 

(4) Henry Peers Trotman, died as a scholar at 

Winchester College. 

(5) ^Margaret, married to Rev. Edward Elton, M.A., 

Balliol College, Oxford; vicar of Wheatly, 
Oxfordshire, 1849-84; rector of Sherrington, 1884. 

(6) Walter Samuel Trotman, B.A., born June 1832: 

Exeter College, Oxford; in holy orders ; chaplain 
in India. 

(7) William Charles Trotman, Fellow of New College, 

Oxford ; solicitor, Calcutta ; died 1 879. 

(8) Arthur Lawrence Trotman, M.A., St. Mary's Hafl, 

Oxford ; in holy orders. 

(9) Ellen, married to Arthur Wickham, 

( 1 o) Charles Hate Trotman, in the Indian Army. 

(11) Mary Georgina, married to Edward Valentine 
Buckle, M.A., Lincoln College, Oxford; vicar 
of Banstead, 1865. 

VII. Edward Fiennes Trotman, Fellow of New College, 
Oxford; B.C.L., 1853; vicar of South Burcombe, Wilts, 1858-69; 
rector of Langton Matravers, Dorset, 1869-76; vicar of 
Wimbome, Dorset, 1876-81, and rector of Marshfield, Gloucester- 
shire, 1881 ; born 24 April, 1828; honorary canon, Bristol 
Cathedral, 1889 ;* married Anne Symes, daughter of Peter Cox, 
Esq., Beaminster, Dorset, and has issue : 

VIII . ( I ) Margaret A nnie. 

(2) Fiennes Trotman, of Beaminster, solicitor, adm. 1 886* 

• We give a portrait of Canon Trotman, the present representative of this * 
line of Trotman. It is taken from a photograph by Mr. Bravender, of Bath, 

342 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

(3) Edward Peter Trotman, 

(4) Charles Newsham Trotman, 

(5) William Wykeham Trotman. 

(6) Henry Leigh Trotman, 

(7) Francis Earle Trotman, 

(8) Angela Mary, (q) Evelyn, (10) Sybil, (11) Dorothy. 

Trotmans of "Trotman Anchor." 

Mr. John Trotman, who has rendered the name so well- 
known in naval circles by his invention of the Trotman anchor, 
descends from the Cam Trotmans ; but the precise line has not 
yet been ascertained though it is probable that his ancestor 
Daniel Trotman, was of the Nash Court branch, whose pedigree 
was entered at the Heralds* Visitation in 1682. 

The Trotman pedigree, owing to numerous ofF-shoots, and 
the repetition of similar Christian names, is a most involved 
one, and so far we have been unable to prove Mr. Trotman's 
ancestry beyond his great grandfather. 

I. Daniel Trotman ^ of Cam, may almost certainly be 
identified with the Daniel Trotman* who died in 1773, aged 49, 
and was buried in Cam churchyard, where his m.i. still remains. 
If so, his wife Ann survived him, and d. 27 Feb., 1794, aged 70. 
The following m.i. upon a headstone in Cam churchyard relates 
to his family; — " In memory of | five sons of Daniel | and 
Ann Trotman, viz. : | Daniel and Robert | died in their 
infancy; | Charles died Feb. 20th, | 1778, aged 18 years; | 
Richard died Sep. 3rd, | 1781, aged 28 years; | Samuel died 
July 20th, I 1794, aged 25 years. |" Besides these, we presume 

* We venture to surmise that this Daniel Trotman was a son of Richard 
Trotman^ of Stinchcombe, yeoman, who was apprenticed at Bristol in 1703, 
and died 1 736. If so, this Richard was a brother of Daniel Trotman, wlio 
died 1748. They were sons of Daniel Trotman, of Cam, yeoman, 1634- 1693, 
who married Jane Nelme, d. 1 721-2. He, son of Robert Trotman^ of Cam, 
yeoman, 1597- 1664, who married, 1626, Hester Watkins, He, youngest child 
of Richard Trotman^ of Cam, clothier, whose will was proved in 1630. 
Perhaps the Richard Trotman who married Anne Hale^ and was fourth son of 
John Trotman^ of Nasse Court, who died in 1577, the elder brother of 
Richard Trotman, who married Katherine Tyndall, whose grandson was 
Samuel Trotman, of Bucknell, the founder of the Syston line of Trotman. 
This John was son of Thomas Trotman^ of Cam, clothier, who died 1558, 
having married Agnes Hardingy of Cam. 

But it must be remembered that this suggested descent, though possible, 
and even probable, requires verification before it can be accepted throughout. 

n !l 

Notes on the Trotman Family. 343 

that Robert Trotman who died 1798, aged 40, was yet another 
son, and that their eldest son was the John Trotman next named. 

II. John Trotman^ of Cam, who died 8 July, 1808, aged 60, m.i. 
He married Ann^ at Cript Church, Gloucester, 17 April, 1781. 
She died 26 June, 1783, aged 33, leaving an only child : 

III. John Trotman^ of Dursley, linen-draper, who was bom 
at Cam, 2 Feb., 1782, died 30 Sept., 1825, aged 43, and was 
buried at Cam, m.i. He married at Axbridge, 4 April, 1805, 
Arabella, daughter of John and Arabella Honiball, of Wivelis- 
combe, Somerset; she was baptized at Stogurstiy, i Sept., 1785; 
died 4 Dec, 1867, aged 82. They had issue, thirteen children : 

(i) Mary Ann, died 9 Dec, 18 17, aged 11. 

(2) Daniel Trotman, died 8 Oct., 1825, aged 17. 

(3) -£>w/wa, married in 1839, to/(?A« Osbom, of New 

York, and has issue. 

(4) Eliza, died 12 March, 1852, aged 20. 

(5) John Trotman, of whom next. 

(6) Jane, married to John White Creed, of Kingscote ; 

died in 1852, aged 35, leaving a daughter, 
Edith Susan Creed. 

(7) Marion, died unmarried in 1869, aged 50. 

(8) Caroline, late of Dursley, now, 1892, living at 


(9) Frederic Trotman, died 2 March, 1822, aged 14 


(10) Frances, died 9 July, 1841, aged 16. 

(11) Alphonso James Trotman, died 9 Jan., 1 844, aged 20. 

(12) Arabella Honiball, died 7 Sept., 1836, aged 21. 

(13) Rossa Honiball, died 24 June, 1826, aged 14 weeks. 

IV. John Trotman, of 31, Acacia Road, St. John's Wood, 
London, bomat Dursley, 8 Aug., 1 808. Mr. Trotman isthe inventor 
of the well-known " Trotman Anchor," which he patented on 20 
April, 1852, No. 14076; he then described himself as ** of 
Dursley, Gloucestershire," though he was not actually resident 
there at the time. The improvements in anchors, which he 
thereby effected, are stated to be "chiefly applicable to that 
class of anchors known as Portman's anchors." Mr. Trotman's 
anchors have been largely adopted in foreign navies, and in the 
English mercantile service, and at one time much controversy 

344 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries. 

took place as to their use in the Royal Navy, and a notice of him 
appeared in "Men of the Time." Mr. Trotman married, in 
1850, Susannah^ daughter of William and Susannah CoUinS' 
She died March, 1878, aged 55, and had issue: 
V. (i) Florence^ died August, 1865, aged 4. 

(2) John Throgmorton Trotman, 

(3) May. 

The portrait of Mr. Trotman which we give is reproduced 
from a painting by Mr. John Pettie, R.A. 

The Arms of Trotman. 

A grant of a coat of arms was made by Sir William Segar, 
Garter King of Arms, 27 November, 14 James I., 161 6, to 
Edward Trotman, of Cam, in the County of Gloucester, the 
Sonne of Richard Trotman of the same place. The arms are 
thus emblazoned in the grant : — " Argent a crosse gueles, betwee9 
foure Roses of the same, the barbes vert, and further for an 
ornament vnto his sayd coate of armes, a convenient creast or 
cognisance, fit to be borne, which is also on a healme forth of a 
wreath of his cullers, a garbe bound vp w^ a band argent and 
azure between two ostridge feathers." 

Richard Trotman above mentioned, married Katherine Tyndale, 
and in consequence the Trotmans have quartered the Tyndalc 
arms as appears in the book-plate of Samuel Trotman, of Syston, 
dated 1702. 

This grant was printed in full in '' Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries," IL 211. 

Note : p. 297, the aims impaled by Trotman on the hatchment at Syston jure 
ithose of tne family of Haynes, of Wick Court, and shonld be thus blazoned : 
— ^Argent on a fes8 gules, between thxee demi-greyhoiinds fourant azure, tf 
many bezants. 

Newington Bagpath Church. 

The Church of St. Bartholomew, at Newington Bagpath, 
more commonly called merely Bagpath, is an unpretending 
structure* though not devoid of interest. It occupies an isolated 
position on the hills ; it is surrounded by an extensive church 
yard and possesses a picturesque appearance, which is due in no 
small degree to the low broad tower, with its pointed roof. The 
chancel has been rebuilt of late years, and though a fairly 
successful piece of village church architecture, has of course no 
interest to the antiquary. It contains, however, a solitary tablet 
to Edward Webbe, a grandson of Sir Matthew Hale ; but as this 
inscription appears in Bigland's Collections, it is unnecessary to 
repeat it here. Another inscription, apparently to the Webbe 
family, nearly obliterated, appears on a floor stone in the nave, 
up the entrance to the chancel. What remains reads thus : — 







2ist APRIL 



[Rest concealed by the chancel steps] 

Adjoining this is a long gravestone of early date, bearing an 
incised cross extending its whole length. The base is represented 
in perspective, and each of the three arms of the cross terminate 
in as many lozenges. Further on is another stone, the inscription 
on which is now illegible. Enough remains to show that it was 
partly arranged lengthwise, and partly across the stone. 

The roof of the nave is constructed of rough timbers, in 
what may be termed the bam roof order, and though it is now 

♦John Smyth of Nibley. in his " Hundred of Berkeley," in 1639, writes of 
Bagpath that ** scarce any church (worthy the name of a church) can be lesse 
or worse built.*' 


346 Gloucestershire Notes afid Queries. 

open, apparently since the date of the restoration of the church, 
we are inclined to question whether such was the onginal 
intention of those who erected it in the first instance. The 
nave is lit by three windows. Those on the north side nave, 
square headed lights, the eastermost having two lights only, bat 
the westerly one has three lights, the same number as in the 
window on the south side of the nave, though in this case the 
lights are round headed. Traces remain of a fourth window in 
the nave, west of the entrance, but which has long since been 
blocked up. In the northeast comer of the nave is a narrow 
pointed doorway, now built up, which may have led originally to 
a rood loft. The chancel arch, and tower arch are clearly coeval ; 
they are plain pointed, and both are relieved by a fillet which 
terminates at the spring of the arch. The pulpit is a oak one* 
hexagonal in form, with a slight amount of carving of seventeenth 
century design, and to that period we may probably assign it, 
though it has been so much renovated that it might fairly pass 
muster as a nineteenth century imitation of Jacobean work. 

The font is merely an angle basin fixed in one of the comers 
of the tower, bnt we are unable to say if it be a modem one. 

The entrance to the church is in the south aisle, the doorway is 
a plan chamfered one, with an ogee arch cusped on either side. 
The porch is ancient ; there are stone benches on each side ; the 
entrance is a narrow one pointed, above which is a nich in which 
has been placed a small piece of sculptured stone, possibly the 
remains of a finial cross. 

The tower is remarkable for its great width, nearly that of the 
nave, and it has in consequence a very massive appearance. The 
western window is pointed, and is divided by a mullion into two 
lights; the upper stage is lit by narrow openings, and is 
surmounted by a high pointed roof covered with the stone tile 
of the district. 

Gloucestershire Deeds (continued j. 

Deed poll in Latin, dated 26 April, 7 Eliz. ; Thomas Parker, of 
Stanckome, releases to William Parker, of Clayhing', all his right 
in I % acres of arable land in Stynchcombe, in the Woodfield 
adjoining one close, which Thomas Putley now holds, called Hyle, 
on the north ; i % acres of arable land in the said field called 
ie Tytshyll, between land of William Nelme, on the north, and 
land of John Atwood on the south. 


Gloucestershire Deeds. 347 

William Nelme, senior, of Stinchcombe, husbandman, grants 
to Thomas Nelme, his son, a messuage in Stinchcombe, in 
Overende Streate, in the occupation of said William Nelme. 
Dated 24 August, 9 Elizabeth. 

Robert Lighfote, of Stinchcombe, tanner, for ;^io grants to 
William Selman of Clehunger, als. Clynger, husbandman, a 
tenement, 2 gardens, and an orchard in Stinchcombe, in the 
tenures of Geffrey Sellman and Thomas A! owe, adjoining ground 
of Roger Holester on south, Elizabeth Parker, widow, on north, 
the highway on the west, and land of Alice Hickes on the east. 
Dated 23 Aug., 1593. 

Indenture dated 8 March, 39 Elizabeth, between Morrice 
Nelme, of Dursley, yeoman (i), and Anne Brether, daughter of 
Elizabeth Brether, of Hardwick, widow, said Elizabeth Brether 
and William Brether, her son (2). Recites agreement that 
Morrice Nelme shall take to wife said Anne Brether, " if the said 
Anne Brether shall thereunto consent," and that Anne Brether, 
shall take to husband said Nelme, " if the said Morrice Nelme 
shall thereunto consent." The lady's dower was /'50, and 
Nelme settles a house in Stinchcombe, which William Nelme, 
his late father purchased, now in occupation of said Morrice. 

Indenture dated 28 Aug., 40 Elizabeth ; Katheryn Nelme, of 
Woodmancote, widow, late wife of William Nelme (i), John 
Browninge, of Cowley, yeoman (2). Recites that Morreys Nelme, 
of Woodmancote, weaver, by lease, 2 Feb., 36 Eliz., demised to 
Katheryne Nelme, Evans place in Stinchcombe for 1 000 years ; 
3 acres and a meadow called Martyns meade, and 2 acres of 
pasture in a field called Hengaston, of which one acre abuts 
upon the highway, and the other upon the said pasture, late 
parcel of the Chauntery or garden of Braddeston, late in the 
tenure of William Nelme. Katherine Nelme assigns the 
premises to John Browninge. 

Signed " by me, John Browninge." Seal, a stag or antelope 

William Selman, of Cleyhunger, allies Cleynger, yeoman, for 
;^2o grants to William Selman his son, broad weaver, a tenement, 
which he purchased of Robert Lightfoote, of Stinchcombe, 
situate at Stinchcombe, in the tenures of Richard Whood and 
Thomas Alowe, adjoining ground of John Holester on the south, 
and Samuel Trotman on the north, the highway on the west, and 
lands of Mr. William Cerrell on the east. Appoints Thomas 


348 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Pker, of Cleyhunger, als. Clenger, to deliver seizin. Dated 23 
Sept., 3 James I. 

Indenture dated 17 August, 5 James I., between Richard 
Pegler, of Stinchcombe, yeoman, son and heir of Thomas Pegler, 
deceased (i), and John Thayer, of Stinchcombe, gent (2). Sale 
for ;^i7o of a messuage, an orchard, garden, close and pasture, 
containing i acre ; i acre called Bownhay, next land of John 
Nelme, in the tenure of John Thayre on west and north, and land 
of Richard Tindall on south and east ; i close called Benyfield, 
containing i]^ acres, next land of John Hickes on west ; a close 
of pasture, containing 3 acres, next land of Richard Browning 
on north and west ; 1 close of pasture called Broadley, containing 
2 acres, next land of Richard Browning on south; i close 
called Newent, containing 3 acres, next land of Richard Browning 
on north and west ; meadow called Goosemeade, containing i ^ 
acres, next land of Richard Browning on west, with 2 acres of 
meadow ground lying in Broadmead, which yearly rideth between 
said Richard Browning and said Richard Pegler, with other z 
acres of land of said Richard Browning ; 2% acres of arable land 
in the field called Gistingthome ; 5 acres of arable land in west 
field ; 2 acres of arable land in Alwicke ; 10 acres of arable land 
in North field, about % acre abutteth on land late of said 
Thomas Pegler, and the highway on the other side, and on land 
of Richard Tindall ; all the said premises are in Stinchcombe, 
in the possession of Richard Pegler; 2 acres of land in 
Atchindon Field, Alkington, next land of John Knight on south, 
and land of Thomas Dingley, in tenure of Thomas Smyth on 
north, late purchased by Thomas Pegler of Thomas Cumock, 
late of Wyke ; i close of land in Wickham meade, containing 
% acre, purchased by Thomas Pegler, next highway on north, 
land of Thomas Pumell on west; i acre in Woodmeade, in 
Stinchcombe, between the land of John Hickes on south and 
north ; % acre in Bradley Westfield, Stinchcombe, next land of 
said John Hicks on north, and land of John HoUister on south, 
which last were bought of William Lynke, and late in the tenure 
of Nicholas Lightfoote. 

William Parker, of Stinchcombe, brodweaver, recites that 
William Selman, of Ayshton Keynes, Wilts, broadweaver, by 
indenture, 30 Jan., 9 James I., demised to him, said Parker, 
his 2 houses, then in the occupation of said Parker and Thomas 
Alow. For ^34 he assigns the same to Richard Atwood for the 
residue of a term of looi years. Signed " F me William Pker/* 


Gloucestershire Deeds. 349 

Indenture dated 20 May, 10 James I., between Richard 
Browninge, of Dursley, clothier (i), and John Smythe, of North 
Nibley, gent, [the antiquary], and Mary, his wife (2). Sale for 
£10 of a close of pasture, containing ^ acre in Nibley, in a 
field called Ewcombes, next land of Ambrose Jobbins on 
north west, land late of William Munday, now of said John 
Smyth on south east : also a parcel of wood called Penhill, 
containing 7 acres, next land of Richard Bridges, gent., on 
north, and land of Richard Browninge, called Tickruydinge, on 
east. Fine signature of John Smythe and Mary Smythe : Seals, 
coat of arms of Smjth, and a bird (? a cock) for Mary Smythe. 

Indenture dated 20 August, 3 Charles, between Richard 
Atwood, of Stinchcombe (i), and Richard Yate, of Frampton 
on Seaveme, gent., and Thomas Daniel, of Overtoune, Arling- 
ham (2). Grant of 2 houses, etc., adjoining the highway called 
the Greene on west, land of George Lord Barkley on north, John 
Hickes on south, situate in parish of Stinchcombe, and late in 
tenure of William Parker. Settlement on Richard Atwood, and 
Katherine, dau. of Thomas Daniell. 

Counterpart indenture dated 7th Nov., 3 Charles, between 
Richard Browning, of Dursley, gent, (i), and Thomas Parslow, 
of Uley, yeoman (2). Demise for £1^^ : 10 : o, of all that i 
acre of pasture, lying in a close called Netherfield Stocking, 
along and under the Lagger's Hedge, and upon the land ' of 
Thomas Domey southward ; one parcel of errable land in the 
west field afore Downham ; shooting upon the land of Thomas 
Payne, containing by estimation an acre ; one parcel of errable 
land, lying in a field called Uley ; shooting upon Ule/s Clift 
westward, containing i acre ; 2 parcels of errable land, lying in 
the field called Burcombe, the one shooting upon the land of 
Wm. Bassett, esq., eastward, and the other shooting upon the 
land of Thomas French westward, containing i J^ acres ; 2 
parcels of errable land, lying in a field called Sheebley; the one 
shooting upon a close of Wm. Bassett, esq., called Sheebley's 
Lease, eastward, and the other shooting upon Nibbrooke's lane 
northward ; i acre and i parcel of errable land, lying in the 
West field ; shooting upon the house of Gyles Rymer northward, 
containing i acre ; and also common of pasture in the parish 
and field of Uley, for a term of 500 years, at a pepper corn rent 
on St. Thomas's day. Signed " H," mark of Thomas Parslowe. 
Witnesses — ^Thomas Domey, Thomas Pegler, Thomas Ashmead. 

350 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Indenture dated 8 Sept., 1654, between Thomas Atwood, of 
Arlingham, shoemaker, and Elizabeth his wife, and John 
Atwood, of Stinchcombe, broadweaver, brother of Thomas (i) 
and Brice Wickes, the younger, of North Nibley, ruggmaker 
(2). Sale for ;^22 of a messuage, late 2 tenements, whereof one 
is fallen down, situate at Stinchcombe, and late in. the tenure of 
John Atwood. 

Indenture dated 21 Jan., 18 Charles II., between Brice Wickes, 
of North Nibley, rugmaker (i), and Thomas Harmer, of Stone- 
house, yeoman (2). Sale for ;^8o of one messuage, wherein 
Jonathan Smith, gent., and Thomas Moody inhabit ; bounded 
by the highway on the west, land of John Pinfold on east and 
south, and Samuel Smith on north ; Seal a stag (J) tripping. 

Indenture dated 30 July, 1690, between Thomas Daniel, of 
Stinchcombe, weaver (r), John Browning, of Stinchcombe, 
yeoman (2). Conveyance for ;f 1 1 , of 2 acres of arable land in the 
north field, next land of John Browning on sonth and west, and 
land of Mr. Pinfold on north, now in tenure of Thomas Daniel. 

Marriage settlement dated 4 March, 1697, between Anthony 
Try, the elder, of Passenham, Northants, clerk, and Anthony 
Try, the younger, of Passenham, gent., only son and heir of 
Anthony Try, senior (i), Elizabeth Sheppard, of Alderton, 
Northants, spinster, (one of the two daughters and co-heirs of 
Thomas Sheppard, of Abthorpe, Northants, gent.) (2), and 
Thomas Pargiter, of Passenham, gent., and James Horton, of 
Alderton, gent. (3), being settlement on intended marriage of 
Anthony Try, jun., and Elizabeth Sheppard. 

Indenture dated 9 Sept., 1723, between Thomas Bayly, of 
Uley, gent, (i), and Michael Bayly, of Uley, gent, (father of 
Thomas Bayly, (2). Recites that T. Bayly is seized in remainder 
on death of Michael Bayly, and Sarah, his wife, and subject to 
payment of monies charged thereon by M. Bayly ; that T. Bayly 
is yet a bachelor, and now about to take a voyage by sea to the 
East Indies. T. Bayly covenants with M. Bayly and his heirs, 
being seized of messuage and lands in Uley, known as Wrisden, 
late in tenure of John Eles, and since of said M. Bayly and his 
under tenants, with the bams, etc. ; and close of meadow called 
Wrisden mead, containing 5 acres : 4 acres of arable land called 
Middle lease ; 6 acres of pasture called Banshwell ; 6 acres of 
arable or pasture called New Tyning; 3 acres of closes of 
pasture ground known as Angeston ; arable land in Shibley field. 


Queries and Replies. 351 

abutting on Newbrook stream westward ; 8 acres of arable land 
in the West field, in Uley, whereof 4 acres lye together below 
Seechmead, having '% acre of glebe land belonging to Cam 
parsonage, between the said 4 acres and Seechmead ; \% acres 
more thereof, Qear James Lord's house under Mr. Small's tyning 
hedge ; i ^^ adres more thereof shooting from the said tyning 
hedge by the north end of the said last mentioned; 1% acres 
downwards to the Dewlands and the other acre thereof, residue 
of said 8 acres, lieth in the said field at a place called Beggers 
Bush, next Mr. Basset's tyning hedge ; all which premises lye in 
the parish of Uley ; that said premises shall be to use of said 
M. Bayly and his heirs. Signed, Thomas Bayly ; Witnesses, 
Thomas, Bartlett, John Kendall, James Hellewell. 
Enrolled 20 June, 6 George IL ; Close roll, 5469. 

♦Indenture made 5 Sept., 15th of George II., between ^* John 
Miles f of Winterboufne, miller, only brother and heir of Richard 
Miles, of Bristol, mariner, who was eldest son of Elizabeth Miles, 
of Farmiload, in Saul, widow, deceased, who was one of the two 
daughters and co-heirs of /a?nes Beard, of Frethrene, husband- 
man, afterwards of Farmiload, yeoman, and likewise only sister 
and heir of Mary , late wife of Thomas Holder, of Frampton on 
Severn, clothier, who was the other daughter of James Beard, 
and which said Richard Miles was likewise eldest son and heir of 
Richard Miles, late of Bristol, wine cooper, deceased, husband 
of the said Elizabeth, who was one of the devisees in the will of 
John Miles, of Farmiload, in lilastington, mariner, and Mary, wife 
of the said yohn Miles, of the one part, and Thomas King, of 
Farmiload, in Fretheme, yeoman, of the other part. Seal, a 
saltere engrailed, charged in centre with Crest, a fool's 


• CommuDicated by Thomas Watts, Esq., Bournemouth. 

Hodges Family. — Although I cannot give the dates of the 
deaths of the two Thomas Hodges, still it may interest Mr. Pink 
to have the date of the marriage of William Hodges, the 
younger son of the elder Thomas Hodges. I met with it a few 
days ago in the Abenhall registers. 

1672. William Hodges, of Shippen Moyen, and Anne 
Sargeaunt, of Long Hope, married 13 June. 

352 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Where in the Hodges pedigree comes in " George Hodges, of 
Shipton, gent./* who was executor to the will of Charle&Bridgeman, 
of Little Deane, dated 1639, proved 1644? There was formerlj 
on the floor of the north aisle of Shipton Moyne Church, a 
brass plate to the memory of Elizabeth, wife of George Hodges, 
of Hill Court, who died 30 August, 1686. Any notes relating 
to the Serjeaunt Family I shall be glad of. 

There are three pedigrees I know of: one in the Visitation of 
Warwickshire, 1619, which agrees with one in Harl MSS., 1041 
and 1 543 ; but I cannot connect these with the one in the 
Visitation of Gloucestershire, 1682-3. 

The arms in all cases are the same, but in the Visitation of 
1682-3, as printed by Messrs. Metcalf and Fenwick, the dolphins 
are said to "nowed" they should be "naiant embowed." 
These arms are to be seen on the old font of Abenhall Church. 
In the 1682 pedigree. John Serjeant, of Micheldeane, who died 

circa 1615, is said to have married Anne, d. of Trotman, 

of Berkeley. I should like to know the name of her father. 

This leads me into another family, the history of which is 
appearing in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. It may interest 
the writer on the " Notes on the Trotman Family " to know that 
there were some of the name at Micheldeane. I give the 
extracts I have ; they are from the Bishop's Transcripts. The 
registers commence with the year 1 680. 

1621. Elizabeth Trotman, bur. 16 May. 

1629. John, s. of William Trotman, bap. 6 September. 

1638. Anne, d. of Edward Trotman, bap. 8 May. 

I notice that in the last number of " Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries," at p. 297, Bigland's mistake as regards the impalement 
on the achievement at Syston has been repeated. The arms . 
are those of the family of Heines or Haynes, of Southmeade, 
and afterw^ards of Wick, and should be thus : Blazoned — Argent, 
on a fesse gules between three demi-greyhounds courant azure, 
as many plates (or bezants). This coat points to a Salopian 
origin of the family. \v. C. Heane. 

Cinderford, Gloucestershire. 

Whitney Family.— Mr. Henry Melville of 1 20, Broadway, 
New York, writes : — 

I beg leave to ask your assistance in a little genealogical 
investigation in which I am engaged, which has recently been 
the subject of advertisement through the church papers, and 


Queries and Replies. 353 

In 1635, an ancestor of mine, John Whitney, with his wife 
Elinor (Ellin), and sons, John, Richard, Nathaniel, Thomas, and 
Jonathan, emigrated from the Port of London to the Colony of 

John Whitney was bom about 1589, certainly not later than 
1600. He was married about 161 7, certainly not later than 

The records of Somerset House and the Rolls Office show 
that at that time one or more '* Whitney " families were living 
in Gloucestershire. 

I will pay Ten Guineas for either the record of the said John 
Whitney's birth or marriage. 

Church Sundials. — Many of these ancient methods of 
telling the time remain in Gloucestershire, not only as picturesque 
additions to the gardens of country houses, but upon churches 
also. There are the remains of a sundial on the south western 
buttress of the tower of Coaley church, and during the late 
restoration of Frocester Chapel, another has been exposed, 
graven upon the lintel of the priest's door on the south side of 
the chancel. In neither case does there appear to have been 
any accompanying motto. We shall be glad to record any other 
Gloucestershire examples. p L M. R. 

Stubbs. — ^The parish registers of Bitton contains many entries 
relating to the family of Stubbs, or as the name is often spelt 
Stibbs. Amongst them is : — 

Mr. Henry Stubbs was buried January the xxth, 1653. 

John, the sonne of Mr. Henry Stubbs, was bapt. October 
xxth, 1646. 

Do these entries refer to Mr. Henry Stubbs, the puritan 
minister and intruder at Dursley and Horsley, who also left a 
charitable benefaction to Uley parish ? p l M. R. 

Cottle Family. — Can any reader oblige with particulars of 
the above family ? Is it a Gloucestershire one ? I believe at 
one time a portion of the family of this name lived at Wotton- 
under-edge. Scrutator. 

Atkyns' Gloucestershire.— Can any of your readers inform 
me by whom was written the preface to the second exhibition 
of Sir Robert Atkyns' "Ancient and Present State of Gloucester- 
shire," which was issued in the year 1768. p ^ j^ 

354 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Harris, of Uley. — I should be very much obliged if anyone 
can give me some information concerning the family of Harris, 
of Uley. James Lloyd Harris, who I believe was bom there, 
and who lived at North Nibley for some years, married the 
eldest daughter and co-heiress of Claver Morris Buriand. 

Their son, John Buriand Harris, Buriand afterwards, of New 
Court, Newent, inherited the property of the Buriands, of 
Steyning, co. Somerset, and assumed the name and arms of 
Buriand, in addition to his own by royal license in 1835. (w<^ 
Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, Vol. L, p. 469, and an article 
in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, by W. P. W. Phillimore, 
No. 1077.) 

According to Rudge's Gloucestershire, Vol. II,, p. 228, 
Mr. Cornelius Harris owned the Isle of Rhea in North Nibley 
in 1803. Was he a relative ? 

Information about this branch of the Harris family will be 
very acceptable to me. j^^^ g Harris-Burland. 

A Mr. Cornelius Harris, of Wotton-under-edge, late of Ewely, 
where he rented ;^5oo per annum in lands, is mentioned 
in the diary of Mr. Edmund Clutterbuck, who states that they 
travelled by coach together from Cirencester to London in 1773. 
Mr. Harris "began with ;^5o." See "London & Middlesex 
Notebook" p. 30. Editor. 

Bristol and Carmarthen.— The Corporations of Bristol 
and Carmarthen {anie. No. 1938). It is quite possible that in 
very early times Carmarthen was of more importance than 
Bristol, which may account for Bristol being incorporated on 
tha precedent of Kermarden, for it is the representative of 
Maridunum, and Antoninus makes Iter XII. strart from 
Maridunumto Uriconium (Wroxeter), wa IscaSilurum (Caerleon) ; 
but in Iter XIV., from Isca to Calleva (Reading), he passes over 
Bristol between Abone (Lea Miles) and Trajectus (Bitton Ferry), 
without noticing it, which leads to the inference that Bristol, if 
in existence at that time (being unnoticed), was of less 
importance than Carmarthen ; and therefore it is not surprising 
that in later times Carmarthen was the first to be incorporated. 

H. F. N. 

Tax on Registers.— Towards the close of the last century, 
for a short period, a tax was imposed on baptisms and burials. 
Its incidence is illustrated by the registers of Coaley. Apparently 


Queries atid Replies. 355 

those unable to pay were exempted, for to many entries is 
added the word ** poor." There is a note under date 5 July, 1 783, 
" Here the tax on burials commences," and shortly after an entry 
of burial : — " Oct. i, George, the son of William and Ann 
Osbom, who paid the first tax for death." A few years later, 
1794, occurs the entry — Ann, daughter of Charles and Joanna 
Philimore, bapt. 30 Jan. " This child was baptized at Standley, 
and the duty paid there." Why should this baptism be entered 
in the register of a parish where it did not occur ? If it had 
anything to do with the duty, we might expect to find such 
instances frequently recorded, but such does not appear to be 
the case. In the present instance there was nothing in the 
social rank of the parents, who indeed seem to have been of 
humble position, to justify the baptism being there recorded. 

W. P. W. P. 

John Bull and Gloucestershire— Can any correspondent 
give me the origin of the following lines ? 

John Bull was a bumpkin born. 
In a clod-hopping village in Gloucestershire. 
I heard them repeated many years ago by a Gloucestershire 
man, but have never been able to ascertain their source. 

W. L. M. 

The Highest Point in Gloucestershire.— I have by me a 
map of Gloucestershire by Gall & Inglis, which gives the height 
of the south end of Cleeve Hill as 1 1 34 feet. May Hill is only 
marked as 793 feet. I cannot, of course, vouch the accuracy of 
these measurements, but I give the information for what it is 
worth. I have a 6 inch to the mile map of a small piece of the 
north Cotwolds, by Stanton ; and on it several places (which I 
know well are not the highest points of the range between 
Broadway and Winchcombe) are marked at over 900 feet. 

John B. Harris-Burland. 

Cam Long Down. — ^This hill which, with the adjoining 
Peak down, forms so conspicuous a feature in the scenery of the 
Berkeley valley, must have been utilized as a military outpost, 
if we may judge from some slight remains of earthworks upon 
the summit. Being in advance of Uley Bury, it would naturally 
be utilized for observing and signalling to the great camp any 
hostile advances from the Severn district. On the north west, 
or Cam side, is a deep passage, which is clearly artificial in its 


356 Gloucestershire Notes and Qmries. 

character, and would permit men going to the summit quite 
secure from observation ; and on the summit, at the eastern, end 
of the hill, are numerous depressions and excavations on the 
surface, which are evidently the work of man. Some of them 
may be the remains of pit dwellings, but the whole of the surface 
has been too much disturbed to admit of any great accuracy in 
determining their character. There is a small quarry on the 
southern side, and a road leading up to it on the same side. The 
deep passage already referred to joins it on the top of the hill. 
Between the Long down and the Peak down is a deep passage 
or road, which may or may not be artificial in its origin, though 
clearly it is now deepening by natural causes. Upon the apex 
of the Peak down is a cup-like depression, which may well have 
served for some early post of observation. Have these hills 
been properly surveyed by any one conversant with early military 
antiquities, and if so, with what result 7 Cmh 

Ce]rmour, of Frampton CottereL—This family is said to 
have been founded by John Seymour, an illegitimate brother of 
Queen Jane Seymour. The last of the line. Sir John Seymour, 
knight, of Frampton Cotterel and Bitton, M.P. for Gloucestershire 
in 1646, died 17 Nov., 1663, leaving two daughters, his co-heirs. 
Can some correspondent of Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 
kindly supply the intermediate generations, and give some few 
particulars of the family } The arms borne, according to the 
monumental inscriptions of Sir John Seymour at Bitton, were : — 
Gules, two wings conjoined in fesse, or. ^^ j)^ Pink. 

Glass Making in Gloucestershire— Little is known of 
the early history of glass making in England. Mr. H. Sydney 
Grazebrook, F.R.H.S., published in 1877, "Collections for a 
genealogy of the noble families of Henzey, Tyttery, and Tyzack 
(De Hennezel, De Thietry, and Du Thisac), " Gentilshommes 
Verriers " from Lorraine.* This work is now scarce. As its title 
shows, it chiefly deals with the history of three families of glass 
makers, but incidentally it gives a good deal of information 
concerning the use and progress of an important handicraft. 
These "noble glass makers" commenced operations in Sussex 
in the i6th century ; we next find them at Newcastle-upon-T>Tie, 
and at Stourbridge ; at the former place they are still to be found, 
though not as glass makers; but they have disappeared from 
Stourbridge. Mr. Grazebrook writes: (page 199) "Rudder 


Book Notices. 357 

claims for Gloucestershire the honour of having possessed * the 
first Glass-house in England which was worked with stone coal.* 
It was erected (he says) at Newnham by Sir Edward Mansell in 
the reign of Charles I., and its foundations yet remain." 

When I was in Gloucestershire this summer I* made a very 
interesting discovery, viz. : that a Glass house existed at Newent 
as early as 1599, and that the Tysacks were connected with it. 

While searching the early Bishop's transcripts of the Church 
Register, I came across the following entries : — 

1599. May 6. Baptized, Thomas, son of Anthony (Sic)^ 

of the glasse house. 

1599. Oct. 29, Baptized, Tyzack Abraham, sonne of a 
frenchman, of the glasse house. 

1 60 1. Feb. 24 Margaret (Sic), daughter of Anthony 

Voydyn, glasse founder. [But whether baptized or 
buried is uncertain.] 

In the register of St. Nicholas, Newcastle-upon-Tyne is 
entered — 

1619. Nov. 22, Baptized, " John Teswicke, sonne of Timothie 
Teswicke, glassemaker, a Frenchman." One of 
the godfathers is "Abraham Teswick." 

Perhaps some local antiquary with leisure, skill, and 
inclination to examine old deeds, &c., may tell us something 
more about the Newent glass house. The subject interests me, 
for my great great grandmother was a Tyzack of Stourbridge. 

Parsonage, Alloa. N.B. A. W. CORNELIUS Hallen. 

*An interesting account of French « gentlemen glassmakers" is given 
in <* des verreries de la Normandie les Gentlilshommes & Artistes verriers 
Normands par o le Vaillant de la Fieffe." Rouen, 1873. 


Qgfooft (i;toeice0« 

A Cabinet of GemSj cut and polished by Sir Philip Sidney ; now, 
for the more radiance, presented, without their setting, by 
George MacDonald. London: Elliot Stock. 1891. cl. i2mo» 
X. 204. 

This dainty little volume is the first of a new series, entitled 
"The Elizabethan Library," which will supply the modem 
reader in a handy form, with some of the choicer specimens of 
the writers of the sixteenth century. They are still too little 
known to most of us, and this attempt of the publisher ta 
render them accessible ought to meet with good support. The 


358 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

editor of the series is Dr. Grosart, whose name is a guarantee 
that the choice of authors, whose works will be laid under 
contribution, is likely to be a judicious one. The literary fame 
of Sir Philip Sidney is known to most people, and the editor has 
done well to commence the series with his writings. The 
extracts, which include poetry as well as prose, are classified 
under various headings, as men, women, love and marriage, 
religion, philosophy, moral sayings, and the like. It is a book 
that can be put into one's pocket, and read with profit in spare 

The typographical and binding get-up of the little volume is 
attractive, and induces a study of the contents. The only 
criticism we are inclined to make, is to question the advisability 
of using the long s in a booklet intended for modern use, more 
especially as the irregular Elizabethan spelling has very properly 
been dispensed with. No doubt this archaism is attractive to 
some, but we fear it may repel more. The portrait, too, of 
Sir Philip Sidney, is hardly worthy of the volume. These are 
minor points, and we look forward to the next issue, which, 
we gather, will be " Passages from Sir Walter Raleigh." 

Genealogical Gleanings in England, — Extracts from marriage 
licenses granted by the Bishop of London, 1598 to 1639, by 
Henry F. Waters, A.M., Salem, Mass. The Salem Press 
Publishing and Printing Co. 1892. 8vo, pp. vi., 108. 

The services of Mr. Waters to Anglo-American genealogy are 
too well-known to require any commendation. His "gleanings" 
speak for themselves, and are invaluable aids to the student of 
New England family history. Much of Mr. Waters' work has 
been amongst wills, but in the present pamphlet he has 
entered upon a fresh field. Four hundred and ninety-nine 
extracts, from the London marriage licences are given, and 
it is worthy of note that 293 of them are omitted in Colonel 
Chester's collection, while of the remainder, 159 have additional 
information beyond that noted by Chester. The "moral," of 
course, is that such records as these should be printed in full, 
or at most, merely omitting verbiage. These gleanings, which 
originally appeared in the proceedings of the Essex Institute* 
are well printed, and it is almost needless to say, have a good 

The Rural Deanery of Cartmel in the Diocese of Carlisle: 
its Churches and Monuments, Edited by R. H. Kirby, M.A.y 
Rural Dean, G. Rubie, M.A., Vicar of Cartmel, A. A. Williams, 
M.A., Vicar of Colton, Pennington Bums, Springfield, Colton, 
aided by the incumbents and others. London : Elliot Stock : 
Ulverston : James Atkinson. 1892. CI. 8vo., pp. iv., 126. 

This little book is of a semi-oflScial character, and deals 
shortly with the history of the various parishes in the rural 


Book Notices. 359 

deanery of Cartrael. It is designed to show the sources of the 
endowments of the church, and the kindred institutions of each 
parish, and will be useful in showing what private munificence 
has done in modem times. This deanery consists of the two 
ancient parishes of Cartmel and Colton, of both of which churches 
we are given excellent engravings. These two parishes have 
been subdivided into eleven ecclesiastical parishes, of each of which 
a careful account is given, the modern part being especially full. 
The sources of the income of each benefice is given, and it is 
remarkable to observe that in not one of the thirteen is it derived 
from tithes, which those who seek the church's good by disinter- 
ested schemes of disendowment assure us, are wrongfully 
appropriated by the church, and form but a cause of weakness 
to her. The editors of this work need not delude themselves 
with the idea that for this reason the enemy will cease to attack 
them. Just as the lamb in the fable found it quite futile to agree 
with the wolf who sought its destruction, so church disestablish- 
ment politicians, like the wolf, will be prepared with fresh 
"reasons "as often as maybe needful to replace, those which 
have been demolished by appeal to historic facts. For dises- 
tablishment, or more truthfully disendowment, is but a modern 
example of the old-world struggle of the " have nots " and the 
" haves." The Priory church of Cartmel is famed as one of the 
finest parish churches in the north of England, its interior being 
especially fine, and there will be many who will appreciate this 
useful little volume. The only criticism we feel inclined to make 
is that the purely historical portion might have been dealt with 
in a fuller manner. It cannot be correct to say that "no more 
accurate information can be obtained" of the incumbents of 
Cartmel, than in the list on page 27, which between 1295 and 
1385 records no name, and only one between 1732 and 1835 I '^ 
the latter period we believe that a Mr. Pettie will be found to 
occur as minister of "Cartmel Churchtown." Other similar 
deficiencies will be found, but it would be ungracious to dwell 
upon them, when we remember that the main object of the book 
is that of a modem work of reference. We should be glad to 
see similar works for other districts, and this might well form a 

Index Armorial to an Emblazoned matiuscript of the surname of 
French^ Franc, Francois, Frene, and others, both English and 
Foreign. By A. D. Weld French. Boston [Mass.]. Privately 
printed, 1892. CI. 8vo., pp. 116. 

This little book attempts to record early examples of French 
and other presumably allied surnames, and the author supplies 
a dissertaion on this subject, which is somewhat misnamed a 
preface, seeing that the greater part of the work is taken up with 
it. He has been successful in collecting many examples which 
are judiciously arranged in counties, and clearly show that the 


360 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

name is very widely spread throughout England. But it can 
hardly be assumed that every French or Francis is of Gaelic or 
Norman origin. Many doubtless derive the surname from some 
ancestor, who possessed Francis as a Christian, and such of 
course are patronymic in this origin. Whether the Frenes are 
identical in origin with Francis and French, we think must be 
regarded as more than doubtful. Probably the Frenes, and 
perhaps the Gloucestershire Freams take their name from the 
ash tree. But all these names are much mixed up, and much 
further investigation will be requisite before the subject can be 
said to be even approximately exhausted. The feature of 
Mr. French's work is the extensive collection of armorial bearings, 
which occupies nearly twenty- five pages, though we should have 
been glad to have seen some of the authorities for the various 
instances given. 

We are glad to observe that Mr. French avoids the use of the 
grotesk double ff, though he does print, perhaps an oversight, 
Ffranche in p. 45. 

Only 200 copies have been printed, and the work, which is 
well printed, will certainly be prized by those who bear any of 
these kindred names. 

Mr. French states : — " The accompanying armorial collection 
shows many locations of those bearing the surname of French in 
England, yet much additional information is still desired as to 
the names of the townships and counties in which they were 
located, as well as additional information about these coats of 
arms, prior to the year 1650." 

As the name French is not of uncommon occurence in 
Gloucestershire, possibly some of our readers may be able to 
help the author in the direction he indicates. 

Notts and Derbyshire Notes and Queries is published for the first 
time on 15th October, and we gladly welcome its appearance. 
The Nottinghamshire editor is Mr. J. P. Briscoe, and for 
Derbyshire, Mr. John Ward, who are both well known in their 
respective counties. It is issued monthly, and very nicely 
printed, should meet with good support in the district. It is 
somewhat remarkable that though both counties have long had 
a "Notes and Queries" column in the local weeklies, yet 
hitherto, they should have lagged behind most others in the 
publication of a permanent serial. Dr. Cox gives some " Initial 
Words" which are well worth perusal. Most of the articles are 
of considerable local interest, and we may specially refer to 
Nottingham Stoneware, Harby and the death of Queen Eleanor, 
and Babington House at Derby. We must confess that it is a 
little difficult to see the object of printing such a paper as 
''• Penda and the three Kings of Northumbria." It deals 
wholly with general history and only serves to introduce a 
page of poetry, which had much better have remained in 



A few copies of the "Collections relating to the Family of Trotman" 
which appealed in "Gloucestershire Notes and Queries" in 1891-2 have been reprinted 
for private circulation, and may be obtained on application to the Editor, W, P. W. 
Phillimore, 124, Chancery Lane, London. The price is Five Shillings, 

The ** Collections " contain :— 

X. References to Trotman. in the " Description of the Hundred of Berkeley," by John Smyth, 
of Nibley. 

2. Entries in the parish registers of Cam, Dursloy, Wotton-under-edg^e; St. Nicholas and 
St. Mary-de -Crypt, Gloucester; Syston, Ducknell, and Newton Purcoll, and Quaker 

3. Extracts from Gloucester school register ; the Apprentice Book and Book of Freedom, 


4. Marriage allegations at Gloucester. 

5. Full abstract of eighty Trotman wills and administrations at Gloucester, or in the 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 

6. Monumental Inscriptions at Iron Acton, Badgeworth, Berkeley, Blockley, Cam, Coaley, 

Cobcrley, Dursley, Frocester, Newton Purccll, Bucknell, and Syston. 

7. Pedigrees of Trotman of Syston, and of John Trotman, the inventor of Trotman's anchor. 

Illustrated with views of Syston Court, Nasse Court and the Steps, Cam; the 
armorial book-plate of Samuel Trotman, Esq., 1702; the Merchant's seal of Edward 
Trotman, 1638, and portraits of the Rev. Canon Trotman and the late Mr. John Trotman. 


"Gloucestershire Notes and Queries" is a good medium for literary and other 
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Scale of charges: — page (same size as circular), ^\\ half-page, 12s ; quarter 
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How to Write the History of a Family. 

By W. p. W. phillimore, M.A., B.C.L. 

^T Now Ready, in Crown 8vo, price 4s. 6d. post free. 

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The following Works are now being issued^ or are in progress, 

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Notes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the 
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edited by 

W. p. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

** We do save and recover somewhat from the deluge of timey 

Brief Notes on Nympsfield Rectory, Queries and Replies— 

Gloucestershire Wills (continued) ^ j ^^ ^^^ ^g 

Frocester Marriage Registers, 1559- 1800, Vizard. 

The Family of Clutterbuck, 
Coaley Parish Registers. 

Book Notices. 

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Henr)' Hill, Esq., Grove Park, Chiswick. 


John Trotman, 


Born 8 August, 1808; Dird 7 November, 1892. 


; iui. i i.'-)3 


Notes and Queries. 

Brief Notes on Nympsfield Rectory. 

IN the twelfth century Nympsfield* was a chapelry in the 
parish of Frocester. Of the erection of its little chapel 
we have no record, but probably the monks of Gloucester, who 
held property there by gift of Etheldred and William the 
Conqueror,! had some share in the work, as they take a leading 
part in dealing with it later on. The early de Berkeleys, lords. ; 
of the manor of Nympsfield, were associated with them in this 
good work, and "anciently" bestowed a small]: endowment 
tn perpefuam elemosynam. 

This endowment had consisted of one virgate of land, which 
if the same measure as in the neighbouring manor of Frocester, 
would mean thirty-six acres. || 

Towards the close of the twelfth century, in the year 1185, a 
chantry was founded in Nympsfield chapel by the lord of the 
manor, Nicholas Fitz-Robert de Berkeley, and the first step was 
taken in developing the ecclesiastical constitution of the place, 
by the appointment of perpetual chaplains in perpetuam mcariam, 
without prejudice to the rights of the "persona" of Frocester. 

* Nympsfield, anciently Nymdesfield. Nymd (Celtic) =sanctua]y. 
t Rudder, p. 577. 
X Cart. Mod. Glou., II., 42. 
II Cart., m., 88. 


362 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

This change was effected by an agreement made in that year 
between Nicholas on the one part and Gloucester Abbey on the 
other, of which Thomas Carbonel was then abbot. A trans* 
lation of the document in full by Mr. Hall, will be found in Vol. 
IV., pp. 212-214 o^ ^^ magazine. 

The salient points of the instrument are (i), the restoration 
of the ancient endowment of glebe ; (2), a full endowment of 
tithes on grain and stock, on lands in villenage and demesne ; 
(3), a pension to the Abbey; (4), a pension to the'* persona"* of 
Frocester ; (5), the safe guarding of the fees and rights of the 
mother parish, which is most tenderly cared for. This document 
is especially important as affording proof that {pace the Liber- 
ation Society) such endowments were not out of national 
property, but a charge laid on his estates by the free will 
offerings of the founder. 

It is not quite easy to understand the position of the Abbey 
of Gloucester in this transaction, as that body, though seized of 
the manor of Frocester, had not yet acquired the advowson of 
the benefice, which was given to Uiem subsequently in 1225, by 
Cardinal John de Colonna, but their leading part in this matter 
seems to argue a considerable share in the original foundation 
of the Nympsfield chapel. 

It is interesting to remark that the tithe has continued as the 
main revenue of the benefice for more than 700 years, though 
by exchange of lands the original virgate of glebe is no longer 
part of the endowment. 

The first incumbent of Nympsfield chapeliy under the new 
constitution, as perpetual chaplain or vicar, was Adam the clerk, 
who was thus appointed in 1185. 

He was succeeded about the year I2i8t by Elias, of Bristol, 
canon of Hereford, who made himself remarkable by refusing 
to pay the stipulated pension of 2 marks to the parson of 
Frocester, who at that time was His Eminence John de Colonna, 
Cardinal priest of St. Proxedes, by appointment of Pope 
Honorius III., who held the benefice in commendam, and also 
had the advowson. The Cardinal's agent, William de Moy, sued 
him in the Bishop's Court and recovered six marks, a three years, 
payment His Eminence showed a truly Christian spirit by 

* This was before the dismemberment of the benefice of Frocester and its 

t Surely there is reason to donbt the dates given on the authority of P. 
le Ncre, in the notes to No. 489, Cart. Mon. GIouc. ? 


Notes on Nympsfield Rectory. 363 

shortly afterwards giving up his own personal rights in Nymps- 

Elias, Vicar of Nympsfield and Canon of Hereford, was 

contemporary remarkably enough with his great namesake, 

Elias, of Hereford, the sacrist, who built the former great tower, 

and erected the former stalls of Gloucester Abbey. 

Elias was succeeded about the year 1237 by a vicar, whose 

initial was J , and who was recommended to the Abbey 

by Sir Roger Fitz-Nicholas de Berkeley, knt., the then squire. 

Towards the close of the 1 3*** century, by some arrangement 
of which at present we have no record, the chapelry of Nymps- 
field was constituted a separate rectory, and severed from the 
parish of Frocester. 

About the year 1270, during the Abbacy of Reginald de 
Homme, Bishop Godfrey Giffard, of Worcester, instituted a 
certain William de Bemeley, rector of the chapel of Nympsfield, 
saying the rights of the Abbey of Gloucester, and the mother 
church of Frocester.f 

The following is a contribution towards a complete listK>f the 
incumbents of Nympsfield, compiled by kind permission of 
Messrs. Hooper, Bonner, and D'Arcy, from the episcopal 
registers at Worcester and Gloucester, and the parish registers 
of Nympsfield. 

Vicars : — 1 1 85. ^Adam, quidatn clericus. 

c. 1 2 1 8. ^Elias, of Bristol, Canon of Hereford. 

c. 1237. 'J 

Rectors : — c. 1270. ^William de Bemeley. 

1304, Oct. 25. ^William de Corpalle. 
, » . . ^Richard Coke. 

1 3 17, Mar. 5. •Thomas ad Oiletto. 
1336. ^Peter Fitz-Robert. 

1341, Feb. 5. 8P. de Pirod (res. 1351). 


1357, J*^® 7- ^Robert Ajerris, 
• Cart. Mon. Glouc. II. 268. 

t Cart. Mon. Glouc, No. 855. Vol. H., pp. 268-9. 
I.— Cart. Mon. Glon. II., 42. 
2.— „ „ „ II., 43- 

4— ». ». .• n., 268. 

-Reg., Bp. Geynesburg, f. 27. 

- „ „ Thos. Cobham, f. 6. 

- „ „ Adam de Orleton. 

"" »t ,, », »» »» 

- „ „ R. Brien, f. 17. 

364 GUrucestershire Notes and Queries. 

.... ^^John Gossold of Arkebj. 

1363, May 20. *^John Clech. 
.... Thomas .... 

1390, Oct. 24. ^^Thomas Bjvhan (ezch. to 
Wensey, 1397.) 

1397, Sept. 27. "John Hallbye (from Wen- 


1398. ^'Heniy Lanyngton. 
i*John Colby. 

1 42 1, Aug. 10. "Philip Calgrave (d. of J. 

1 45 1 , Sept. 7. ^^DaviS Hunte (*• still recton 

8 July, 1473). 
.... "Samuel Corde. 

1493, J^ly *0' ^^Richard Greene, 
1493, Oct. 24. ^Richard Gossage. 
1511, Apr. 1 6. **Geoffery Jones. 
1 53 1, Sept. 4. *^homas Hall (on death of 

G. Jones). 
1547, Nov. 17. *John Keylocke. 
The above rectors were appointed by Gloucester Abbey; 
those which follow by the Crown. 

1554, April 30. "Thomas Ap Rice, Qaeen 

1565, Feb. 9. "Walter Bower, Queen Eliz. 
1594, Mar. I. "Edward Browne, Qaeen 

1640, Mar. 18. "Thomas Potter, King Chas. 

1643, Feb. 13. "John Hayward, King Chas. 

.... "James Berriman, no record 

of institution. 
1720, Nov. 22. "John Somers, [on death of 
J. B.], King George I. 

io« — » >» Jobn Baxnet, f. 35. 

II.— „ „ Wakcfidd, f. 84. 

12. — „ „ Tidemande Wynchcombe. 

i3» — »• »> »» »» >t 

14* — »t »» Philip Morgan, f. 15. 

15 — *» »> John Carpenter, f. 95. 

16. — Glouc. Notes and Queries, Vol. n., p. 19. 

17.— Reg., Bp. Morton, f. 51. 

18— » M M f. 53- 

19— ff » Silvester de Gigliis, f. 68. 
20. — „ „ Jeromini de Gmnncchi, f. 49. 
21. — Gloucester Episcopal Registers. 
22.— Nympsfield Parocnial Registers. 


Gloucestershire Wills. 365 

'7S4> Apr. 30. "John Hayward, M.A. King 

George II. 
1772, Jan. 25. ^George Hayward, M.A., 
"His Sacred Majestly 
George III." 
1797, Feb. 25. ^George Hayward, M.A», 
" His sacred MajestylGeorge 
1855, 2«(jeorge Christopher Hay- 

ward, M.A., inducted, 
Sept. 28. 
i860. "Charles Thorp, M.A., in- 

ducted, Sept. 19. 
1 861 . "Francis Joseph Leigh, MA., 

inducted, July 23. 
1876. "Charles Isaac Atherton, 

M.A., inducted, Oct. 2. 
1879. "Anthony Ralph D'Arcy, 

inducted, Jan. 4. 
In concluding this list may I ask any readers of this magazine, 
especially those who may have access to the Worcester Episcopal 
Registers, to help me to fill up the blanks. 
' Fh)cester. W. Symgnds, M.A. 

Gloucestershire Wills, (Continued). 

Rycharde Dymocke,* of Syston, dated 30 August, 1538. To 
be buried in the parish churchyard ; To the parish church of 
Siston, 6s. 8d. ; To my sons Thomas and Robert, and to my 
daughters Margaret, Jone, and Ysabell, each 20s ; Residue to 
Ade my wife ; To Mr. Robert Straunge. Executor, John Giyphyn. 

Proved at Worcester, 16 Oct., 1538. 

William Dymocke, of Tewkesbury, dated 15 Oct., 1546, 38, 
Hen. 8. To be buried in the churchyard of Tewkesbury ; To 
the highe aulter there 4d ; To John Jeffreyes, Humfrey Dymocke, 
George Morey, Nycolas Crownedale ; Residue to my wife^ 
whom I appoint executrix. Overseer, John Jeffreyes. 

Proved at Gloucester, 1546, No. 271. 

GyUs Dymocke, of Uley, husbandman, dated 29 August, 
1557; "to be buried in the cherche yarde of Uley on y* south 
syde benethe the tu'be stone.'' To the church of Uley, a 

*The wills of the Dimock family, which are now printed, have been 
contributed by Rev. W. G. Dimock Fletcher, M.A., F.S.A., of Shrewsbuxy. 

366 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

bushel of barlej, or 1 2d. ; Residue to my wife Kate'y, whom I 
appoint executrix ; Overseer, Thomas Dale. Witnesses : Walter 
Dymocke, &c. 

Will proved " per Cane' apud Barkeley," 10 May, 1558. In 
Gloucester Registry. 

Henry Dymoke, alias Gysop, of Tuddington. Dated July, 10 
Eliz. To my daughter Fraunce, jfj, which Henry Nicolson 
oweth, and 40s., which Rd. Face, of Tewkesbury, oweth me ; 
To my son John, £s 5s. 8d., which John Phelps, of Strensham, 
oweth me, and other sums ; To my son William, 40s., and goods ; 
To the church of Tuddington, one bushel of wheat ; the residue 
to my wife Alice, whom I appoint executrix. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 30 Aug., 1568. 

Richard Dtmocke^ of Standishe, dated 7 Feb., 1575, 17 Elis. ; 
to be buried in the churchyard of Standishe ; to John Democke« 
Nicholas Gryffin, Aeles Democke, and Elizabeth Democke; 
residue to Annas Democke, my mother, whom I apoint executrix ; 
John Demock oweth me 403., I owe Aeles, my sister, 23s. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 27 Feb., 1573. 

Katherine Dymmocke^ of hanna' [Hanham, Bitton], dated 9 Ap., 
1 577 ; to son, Walter Dymocke, ;^2o, which Jhon Skull, my son-in- 
law oweth me ; to Ales Dymocke, my daughter ; to George Skull, 
& his sister Elizabeth Skull ; to William Dymocke, son to Walter 
Dymocke ; the residue to John Skull, whom I appoint executor. 
Overseers, Nycholas Byrde and Gylles Haynes. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 16 Dec, 1578, by Walter Dymock, 
testatrix's son. 

John Dymock, of Abson. Will proved at Gloucester, 1580. 

Juliana Dymocke^ of Crome Dabitot, dated 19 ••••, 1582; to 

be buried in the churchyard of Crome Dabitot ; To , my 

son; to William Dymocke; to Emlin, my daughter ; residue to 
Richard Dymocke, my son, whom I appoint executor. 

Will proved at Worcester, 21 April, 1582. 

Inventory, £^ 5s. gd. 

Richard Demock^ o f Will proved at Gloucester, 1593. 

John Dimocky of Horfylde, dated 26 Oct., 1593, 25 Eliz. To 
be buried under the tombstone in the churchyard of Horfylde ; 
to my son, William Dymocke ; to my 3 daughters, by Jane, my 
now wife, viz. : — Margaret, Joan, and Alice, 20 nobles each ; to 
my daughter, Agnes, £1 ; to my son, Thomas, 20s. ; to William 


Gloucestershire Wilk. 367 

Dimock, son of Thomas ; to John Eyton, son of Nicholas ; to 
Margery Eyton, mj daughter ; the residue to my wife, Isbell 
Dimocke, she to be ezecutriz. Overseers— William Smith and 
William Eiton. 
Will proved at Bristol, 2 Dec., 1595. 

Thomas Dymocky of Will proved at Qoucester, 1595^ 

William Dymack^ of Toddington. Will proved at Qoacester^ 
Willtam Djmocke. Will proved at Bristol, 1603, 

Walter Djmack, of Doynton. Will proved at Gloucester, 

Margaret Dymmocke. Will proved at Bristol, 1615. 

Anthony Dymock, of Cuddington. Will proved at Gloucester, 

Thomas JDymock, of St. Nicholas, city of Gloucester. Will 
proved at Gloucester, 162a. 

fane Democke^ of St. Nicholas, city of Gloucester, widow, 1626, 
dated 20 Jan., 1623. To be buried in St. Nicholas church; to 
my kinsman, Richard Shingelton, and his brother Thomas ; to 
Thomas and John, sons of Thomas Shingelton ; and to Jane 
Shingelton, his daughter ; to Joane Democke, my daughter-in- 
law ; to Maria, wife of Thomas Shingleton ; to my two daughters 
(called further on daughters-in-law), Joane and Marie ; my son- 
in-law, Thomas Shingelton, to be executor. Overseers—John 
Woodward and Thomas Comes. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 1626. . 

Elizabeth Dymock^ of Doynton. Will proved at Gloucester, 

Robert Dimmock, of Sisson, yeoman, 1645, dated 30 May, 1644* 
Half my house, called Perke Vane, to my grandchild, Ann 
Parker, and £20 ; my grandchild, John Parker ; my son-in-law,. 
John Parker ; the residue to my wife, Anne Dimock, whom I 
appoint executrix. Overseers — ^my friends, Richard Prosser and 
William Warden. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 1645. 

ToMe Dimocke, will proved at Bristol, 1661. 

Xoger Djmock, of Doynton, dated 24 May, 1665. My sons, 
William and Robert ; my daughter, Mary. Executrix, my wife» 

Will proved at Gloucester, 16 June, 1665. 

368 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Maty JDimocke, will proved at Bristol, 1 666. 

William Ufymock, will proved at Bristol, 1667. 

Robert Dymmockf will proved at Bristol, 1675. 

Eliza Dimock, of Bristol. Will proved, P.C.C, May, 1679. 

Edmund Dimock^ of Pucklechurch. Will proved at Gloucester, 

Sarah Dimack, of Gloucester, widow; dated 13 Ap., 1693; to 
my nieces, Sarah Minard & Margaret Minard ; executrix, Sarah 

Will [in Gloucester Registry] proved at Dursley, 11 May, 1693, 
by Sarah Minard. 

Inventory, £S 1 38. 

William JDymock, of Pucklechurch, carpenter; dated 10 Dec, 
1700; to my brothers, John Dymocke and Thomas Dymocke, 
and my sister, Mary Bray ; my wife Anne, executrix. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 27 May, 1701, by Anne Dymocke. 

Inventory, £$$ 17s. 

Waller Dymocke of Doynton, cordwainer; dated iMay, 1701, 
12 Will. Ill ; to my sister, Anne Dymocke, in fee, my messuage 
in Doynton, Great Woodmead meadow, the Grove, and Innop 
meadow, on condition that she pay to Ann Coope, daughter of 
my sister Sarah Coope, of Doynton, widow, £20^ at 21 ; residue 
to my father, Thomas Dymocke, whom I appoint executor; 
overseers, my Brother Samuel Francomb, of Dayton, & John 

Adm'on, with will annexed, granted by Gloucester Registry, 27 
May, 1 70 1, to Anne Dymocke. 

Inventory, £16 i6s. 6d. 

John Dymocke, of Stroud, broadweaver, dated 14 Feb., 1705-6 ; 
to my sons Thomas, Jonathan, and Francis, and my daughters 
Elianor, Martha, and Mary. Executrix, my wife Ellinor. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 18 Oct., 1706. 
Inventory, ;^73 ids. ' 

Elinor JDymock, of Stroud, dated 28 Dec, 1706; to my sons 
Thomas, Jonathan, and Francis, and my daughters Elinor, 
Martha, and Mary. Executor, my son Thomas. 

Will proved at Gloucester, 21 Apr., 1707. 
fTo be continued J, 

Frocester Marriage Registers^ 1559-1800. 

THE marriage registers of the parish of Frocester commence 
at the early date of 1559, but there are several gaps ii^ 
them ; in all for about 36 years. 

The gaps down to the year 1800 are shown in the following 

Wanting, 156^1569. Vol. I., p. 37. 

Irregular, 1640-1645. Vol. I., p. 48. 

Two entries for 1 645 are among the burials. Vol. I., p. 6 5; 

Wanting, 1649, 1650, 1651. Vol. I., pp. 49, 50. 

Wanting, 1656-1664. Vol. I., p. 50. 

Wanting, 1666-1669. Vol. I., p. 50 and p. 36 h. 

Wanting, 1 671-1680. Gap between the entries of Vols. 

I. and II. 
Wanting, 1688-1693. Vol. II., p. 38. 
By the kindness of the Rev. William Symonds, Vicar of 
Frocester, we are enabled to print an exact transcript of the 
wedding entries in the first volume of the register. They were 
extracted in November, 1892. 

Sponsalia [folio 37.] 
Maij 30, Anno dn'i 1598, Regnique Serenissimse in chro*^ 
principis et Inclitissimae Reginae Elizabeth® Quadragesimo, 
Sponsalia, a primo suae majestatis Anno feliciter inito, fideliter 

Joannes Huntley et margareta Andowes, desponsati, 8** Julij^ 
Jo. Poole et Rosa chapman, desponsati, 30 Julii. 
1560 nulla. 

Tho. Alea et Joanna Taylor, sponsati, 2$^ Septe'bris. 
Ricardus Dane et Rosa Mayle, spon., 31 Januarij. 
Tho. Hancock et Editha Wilkins, spon., 12" Septe'b. 
Ricardus millard et margareta Freeman, desponsati, 20 


370 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Tho. Rufford generosus et Anna Huntley, fil Geo. Hantley 

Armigeri, spo'., 24Maij. 
Jo. Bridges et Rosa Taylor, spon., i^ Augasti. 
1563* nulla. 

Ric'us chandler et Joanna baker, spon., 19*^ Maij. 
Robertus A wood et Anna freman, spon., 20 Julij. 

Rogerus Sanderus et Joanna Simons, desponsati, i4*'Octobris. 
Jo. clayfield et Joanna Stephens, despo', 18^ Nove*bris. 

Jacobus Heyward et Rosa Simons, despo*, 8* Februarij. 

caetera sponsalia desyderantur ab hoc Anno usq ad annu* 
1570. A quo usq 13*" Regni Serenissimae Regins nunc 
Elizabeths ego Tho. TuUius vicarius de Froceter sponsalia 
fideliter transcripsi. 

Tho. Griffith et Agnethes Simons, despo', 20 NoveT)ri8. 
Jacobus West et Alicia Wilkins, despo*, 9^ Februarij. 
Per me Tho. TuUiu', vicariu' de frocetor. 
Jo. Web et Joanno wilkins, gardianis. 
[f. 38.] 1571. 
Tho. Forth et Elizabeth Chandler, despo*, 28 Julij. 
Tho' Bridgman Generosus et Silvester Huntley desponsati, 

26"* mensis Julij. 
Ric'us chapman et Joanna wetmath, spo', 15^ Nove*b. 

Carolus Bridges Armiger et Dna* Janna Huntley, desponsati^ 

7" mensis Julij. 
Tho. osbome et Joanno windowe, spon., eode' die- 
Jo. chapman et Eliz. ellond, despon., 24*" Nove'bris. 
Guil. Heaven et Rosa partridge, spon., 19"* Januarij. 

Guil. Woodward et pamella Browne, spo', 2* Aprilis. 
Jo. Wood et Margeria Browning, despon., 15* Octobris. 
Jo. fowler et Alicia Cherrington, despon., 25* Octobris. 
Tho. Anston et Joanna Bennet, despon., 10 Dece'bris. 

Jo. Windowe et Joanna freman, spon., 13" Septe'b. 
Jo. Warner et Christiana Web, despon., 16" Septebris. 
Henricus Browning et Margareta Wetmath, desponsati, 3* 


Frocester Marriage Registers. 371 

Tho. Tullius, vicarius de frocetor, et Elizabetha Wilkins 
desponsati 10 Febraarij. 

Gail Crannidge et Alicia taylor, Despo', 20 Jonij. 

Hugo p.[ar]son8 et Joanna watkins, spon., 12** Septe'bris. 
Ricu's chandler et Agnethes Griffith, spon., 1 1"" Jan. 
Nicolaus wetmathetmargeria wilkins, desponsati, 70 Febraarij. 

Jo. Davis et Agnethes Chandler, spon., 14" Octobris. 

Ric'as Holder et Agnet millard, despon., 28** Novebris. 
Jo. Leg et Christiana Bennet, despon., 7"* Janoarij. 

Tho. Wetmath et Matilda Horwood, spon., 4"* Augnsti. 
Stephanas Wilcocks et Janna Clifford, spon., 13'' Octobris. 

Anselmas Wilkins et Joanna head spon. 14"* Maij. 
Franciscus Blanche et Kateri'a tyms, spo., 3 Septe'mb. 
Jacobas ellond et Eliz. millard, despon., 5" Octobris. 

Per me Tho. Tulliu', vicaria' de frocester. 

Jo. Millard et Edaardo wilkins, gardianis. 

[f. 39.] 

Tho. Killing et Eliz. Horwood, despon., i6* Nove'bris. 

Laarentias Millard et margeria window, 5° Dece'bris. 
Jo. Simons et Rosa Freeman, desponsati, s"" Febraarij. 

Rica's Gardiner et Alicia ellond, despo', 9** Jalij. 
Chr'oph'as Moody et Dorothea HunUey, iS"" Septe'bris. 
Gail, pegler et Editha Wilkins, despo*, 8" Octobris. 
Jo. Hill et Margeria millard, despon., 18'' Octobris. 

Hamfrids osbome et Joanna Wize, spo', 10 Septe'b. 
Jo. Witcom et Anna Web, desponsati, 10 Octobris. 
Henries Wetmath et Rosa poole, despo', 21 Nove'b. 

Jo. Sharpe et Elinora Witcom, despo', 21 Nove'bris. 

Gail. Heaven et Joanna Horwood, despo*, 21 Jalij. 
Tho. Cowles et Joanna Wilkins, despo', 27*' Nove'b. 

Robertas chewe et Alicia Wize, despo', 21 Jalij. 

372 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Rogeras Huntiey et Izabellula blanche, 14" Nove'b. 
1587'* nulla. 
Jo. Holder et editha stokes, despo', Octob. 2i». 

Ric'us Wilklns et Eliz. Heskins, despo', Maij 15**. 
Nicolaus Pegler et Joanna Dodgm, Septe'bris 7*. 
Gualteras Taylor et Alicia Browning, Januarij 29*. 
Eduardus Browning et Editha Taylor, Feb. 24^. 

Jo. Butcher et Anna Comvell, despo', Octobris 15*. 
Henricus Bennet et Editha Morse, spo', 12* Nove'b. 
Ambrosius Risbie et Rosa Bennet, despo', 1 1 Dece'bris. 

Guil. Taylor et Joanna Wetmath despo' 27' Aprilis. 
Ric'us Wilkins et Joanna Selwin, despo', 24' Septe'bris. 
Per me Tho. Tulliu', vicariu' de frocetor. 
Ric'o Wilkins et Eduardo Marling, Gardianis. 
[folio 40.] 
Ricus Wilkins et Joanna Selwin, despo', 24*" Sep. [repetition 

Jo. Hinton et Eliz. Ludbie, despon, 4* Nove'bris 

Tho. pegler et Katherine docket, 12" Septe'b. 
Tho. Wetmath et Eliz. Wattes, despon., 4* Dece'bris. 
Eduardus Wetmath et Alica Baker, 15 Feb. 

Robertus Grivell et Editha Gudridge desponsati 26** mensis 

Georgius Midford et Brigitta Doll despo*, 17* Jan. 
Robertus felton et Alicia Simons despon., 24'' Jan. 
Guil. Horwood et Margeria millard 7* Feb. 

Jo. Browne et Sarah Chapma' despon., 6* Maij. 
Tobias Ejiighte et Anna Wilkins desp., 3° Martij. 
1595* nulla. 

Nicolaus Pitte et Anna Wilkins despo', f Junij. 

1 597* 
Gual. Hooper et Alicia Horwood despo', 11' Apr. 
Geor. Hoston et Christiana Warner desp., /i^ Julij 
Simon Nevill et Eliz, Chapman despo', 22*^ Sep. 


Frocester Marriage Registers. 373 

Rogerus Currier et maria wilkins, S'* Octob. 
Jacobus Griffin et Eliz. browning despo*, eode' die 

Ric'us poole et Margareta Heynes despo', zf Apr. 

Guil. Swanley et Anna EUond despo', Sep. 18° 

Guil. Taylour et Eliz. Pegler despo', Octob. i*'. 

1599. An'que R. R'nae Eliz. 41'' 

Tho. Beard et Janna Chapman despo', 6" Maij 

Paul's Burdley et Agnethes witcom desponsati die Lun» 

Undecimo Junii mensis. 
Jacobus potter et Francisca Jukes desponsati in sacello die 

Lunae Octobris 15**. 

p' me Tho. Tulliu' vicariu' de Frocetor 

Jacob's Ellond et Joanna heave' gardianis 


Eduardus Wilkins et Joanna Kmghte desponsati die Jovis, 
Nove'b. %\ 

Eduardus Jeffereyes et Prudentia Browning desponsati in festo 

Epiphaniae, Januarij Sexto. 
Augustinus Cliffe et Judith Tullie desponsati, die Jovis 

Januarij 8°. 
Tho. Selman et Elizabetha Russell despon. cu' licentia die 
purificationis beatae virginis Maris die lunae Februarij z^ 
Joannes Egles et Editha Bennet desponsati die Lunae Maij 

mensis 4**". 
Joannes Seabricke et Judith Russell desponsati die Satumi, 
Maij mensis 9°. 

Joannes Pegler et Maria Horwood desponsati in ecclesia 

parochiali die Jovis, Maij. 6**. 
Edmundus Williams et Editha Walkley desponsati in sacello 

die Jovis, Septembris 30. 
Georgius Pegler et Alicia Web desponsati in sacello die Jovis, 

crastino post purifi'oe beatae Mariae. 
Joannes Simons et Margeria chapman desponsati in sacello 
die Jovis, 7"" die Feb. ante Septuagesimam. 
Jasperus Walkley et Joanna Tot desponsati Octobris 3**. 

Annoque R. Regis nri Jacobi 2° & Scotiae 38° 
Jo Dull et Agnethes Moye desponsati Octob. 4**'. 
Per me Tho. Tulli'u vicariu* de Frocetor 
Thoma Aves et Agnethes Wilkins Gardianis 

374 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

[f. 42.] 
1605 Annoque Regni D*ni Jacobi Regis nostri 
serenissimi Tertio & Scotiae 39" 
Henricus Stephens et Elizabetha Wetmath desponsati die 

Lunse Maij 27"* 
Ric'us Ellond et Ursula Essington despo', Martii 3*. 

16:0:6 Ana. Regni D'ni Jacobi Regis 
nostri Seren. Quarto et Scotise 40 Eduardo 
Browning, Jo. Witcom Gard. Tho. Web 
et Guil. Horwood paupu' sup' visorib's. 
Jo. Heaven et Joanna Chapman desponsati die Lunae, Mensis 

Maij decimo nono. 
Egidius Pond et Elizabeth Price despo' Octobris 6" 
Will'mus Browning et Joanna Brabban despo', Octob. 30 
Franciscus Wolright et Dorothea Holder desp. No. 27' 
Tho. Wight et Elizabeth Sanford de Alkerto' despo* Jan. 22*. 
Egidius Maisters et Anna Chapman despo'sati Januarij 26'. 

1607 Anq. Regni D'ni Jacobi Regis n*ri sereniss'i 

Quinto et Scotiae Quadragesimo pri'o. 
Joh*es Swanley et Elizabeth Witcom despo'sati Junii 15** 
Jacobus West et Editha Campe despon. Julij 9°. 
Ricardus Senniger et Alicia Taylor despo' Octobris 5*". 
Guil. Chapman et Editha Sherman despo', eode' die. 
Joannes Howton et Agnethes Tillie despo'sati Octobris 
15*** die. 

1608 R. Jac. sexto et Scotiae qnadr. sec^. 
Gulielmus Sellon et Elionora Browning desponsati in sacello 

d.L. Oct. 24. 
Thomas Gilford et Eliz. Ellond despo' Februarij S*". 

1609 Ano. R. Jac. septio' et Scot. 43 
Joh'es Wilkins et Katherine Web desposati Maij 4*" 
Rogeras Sommers et Joanna Walden despo' Octob. 26*. 
Ricardus] Heaven et Margeria Millard despo' die lunae 

Novembris 13'. 
D'ns Egidius Foster et D'na Maria Huntley filia 

Dn'i Georgij Huntley militis desponsati Octob. 20 
Matrimonium celebratum inter praedictum Egidium Foster 
etMariam Huntley praedict, Decembris vicesimo octavo 
[This note has become almost illegible], 
[folio 43.] 
Matrimonm celebratm inter Rob'tum freey [PFredy] de 
Hinton Bluet et Annam Russell de frocester secundo 
die Julij 161 
Eodem die Matrimonium solemnizatm est inter Thoma' 
Will'ms de Stanley all's Leonard Stanley et Elizabetham 
Curteysoe de eadem villa 


Frocester Marriage Registers. 375 

Thomas Marlin et Joanna Wilkins desponsati erant %"" die 
Decembris anno 161 2 

Anno 1612 
Thomas Marlin et Joanna Wilkins desponsati 20 die Jmiii 

Anno 1613 
Matrimoni'm celebratn' inter Johanne' Web et Joannam Water 
Julij I* 1613 

Ann"* Doi 1614. 
Johannes Read et Jana Huntley fil Dom Georgij Huntley 

militis desponsati nono die Maij 1614. 
Hurmann's Bigge et Silvester Bridgman desponsati decimo 
die Maij 16 14 
P. me Richardu' Hathway Vic ut supra et p. nos Georgium 
Marlin et Johannes Wilkins gardianos 
George Marlin 
John W. Wilkins 
Incipit nt supra hie annus, 1614. 
Guilmus Cooper et Matilda Rogers, uxor eius desponsat, 2* 

die Februarii ann*" 16 14. 
Lucas [? Rymer] et Anna Coles desponsat in Apr • • • • die. 

Eliza. Web fil Tho'ae Web nupt. 

Frome Alldy 3* Nove'bris. 

(?). . . .(?) ? despon., 5** (? Novebris). 

Thomas Sutt, nupt. Ag : Woodward. 

January 12''. 

Edward Wilks, fU Richdi nupt. Katherine [? 1 eodem 

[? 1 

W' Hinton et Jana Wakebv [? Walkley] desponsat 21^ Aprilis 
1 61 7, p. me Richd. Hathway. 
Ed. Browning. 
Thomas Wetmore. 

Johannes Abrahall armiger et Elizabethe Huntley filia Do'ni. 

Georgii Huntley despon. Decembris i"" 161 8. 

Edwardus Marlin et Kathrina filia Johis Witcom desp. Dec'm 

12'' 1618. 
Timotheus Millard et Margeria uxor eius desp. eodem tempore, 
p. me Rd. Hathway. 

Guil's Chapman. 
Thomas web and Alse King was married January 19, 1626 [by 

a later hand.] 
Richardus Fowler et Alicia Taylor fil Gualteri Taylor, despons. 

Junij 2° 16 19. 

376 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Leonardus Waklej et Priscilla Wetmath, desponsat. Julij 12^ 

ann<^ prdict. 
Richardus Fowler et Eliza. Collier desponsat. i* Octobris 
1 6 19, p. me Rd. Hathway. 

Georg. Pegler. 
Walter Tyler. 
Thomas web et Catherine Cloterbuck desponsati, 7''maij 1620. 
Jespenis Wilkins et Anna Moodie despo. Julij 12* 1620. 
Georgius Harries al's Wools et Maria Chapman desponsat 
Augusti 16. 1620. 

p. me Richarda' Hathway, vie. 
Edward Browning, churchwarden. 
Incipit annus doi 1621. 
Thomas Wam[er] et Marieria filia Thae Gibbs, desponsati 

Septembris 6". 
Jacobus Pegler et Anna relicta Egidii Masters despon., 
Sept. 20* 

Incipit annus 1622. 
Hdnricus Bennet et Elionora Wetmath, desponsati, Febmarii 8*. 
Thomas Kemp et Frances uxor, desponsat, Marij 20"*. 
p. me Richardu Hathway, ) 
Ric*» Elian. J 

Incipit annus, 1623. 

Thomas Taylor et Marieria filia Andros al's Cowly, desp., 

Martii 12*. 
Hieremias (? Rice) et Judith Wilkins, desp., Feb. i*. 

R* Hathway vie. Richard Heaven. 

Incipit annus 1624. 

Guils Anston et Elixa Curtis, des. S"" die Novebris. 

Georgius lies et Rosa Wetmath, despos., 22* die Novebris. 

Ri. Hathway vie. Jos. Web, ) «.o,.^:o«« 
^ Henricus Bennet. j fi^^rdians. 

Incipit annus di 1625. 
Henrie Tyler et Susan (? ux), d^spons. 10 die Novebris 1625. 
Johes Edwardes et Elizab. Hathway, desponst. 20^ die Feb. 

R^ Hathway. John Pegler. John Wilkins. 
Incipit annus 1626. 
Henricus Elyer [or Elger] et Maria Stephens desponsati, 

Octo. 2S 
Thomas Wilkins et Agneta Millard, desponsati, Octobris 20. 

Incipit annus 1627. 
Johannes Peglar fil Georgii Pegl., despons. 24<> die Junii 1627. 
Eduardus Peglar et Dorothea Eastington, desp. Jan. 10 1627. 

R**. Hathway vie Nichs Smyth, Georg. Marlin, gard. 

Frocester Marriage Registers. 377 

. [f.45.] 

Incipit annus 1628. 
Richard' Harding et Maria Millard desp., 7* die Julij. 
Richard' Aley et Agneta Wetmore despons. 14 die Augusti. 
Anno Domini 1630 
Rich* Hathway vie James Peglar, W" Chapman, 

Incipit annus doi 1629. 
Johannes Peglar et Anna Ellon despons., Februarii 2^. 

Anno Domini 1630 
Josephus Wilkins et Rebecca Sesson [or Jesson] despons., lo* 
die Nov. 

Anno Dom 1631. 
Johannes Chapman et Ha [} short for Hannah] Pegler, despo., 

Aprilis die 20^. 
Jacobus Wetmore et Joanna Blake desp. Junii 30*. 

Ric' Hathway vie* Thomas Warner, William Witcom. 
Anno Dni 1632 
Richd. Coules et Judith Browne, depons., 10 die Maij, 1632. 
Thomas Wilkins et Sara Davis despons., quinto die Juli, 1632. 
Rich. Hathway, vie. 

James Wetmore, Joseph Wilkins, churchw. 

Roger' Powlton et Eliza Taylor despons. Maij ^^ Richd. 

Hathway vie, John Holydy, John Fessar churchwdns. 
Willimus Phillimore et Debora Fessar despons. Junii 9% 

Incipit annus 1635. 
Johannes Warner et Eliza Browne, desp., Aprilis 20* 
Josephus Sinager et Elisa Warner desponsa., Maij ulm"*. 
Natba. Wilkins et Eliza Chapman, despons., Junij 20"* 
Johannes Taylor et Eliza Coles, despons., Septe., ulmo, 
Richardus Hathway. 
[William Wilkins, i689,by a later hand.] 
Incipit annus 1636. 
Samuel Benson et Maria Coles, despons., Aprilis ultimo. 
Anselmus Huntley et Charitas Wetmore, desp., Maij 19*, 

Incipit ans., 1637. 
Isaac Bendall et Jona Selwin, desp., 9"^ Julij. 
Richdus Clark et Editha Browneing, despo., Augusti 24°. 
Thomas Brinkworth et Marieria Tocknell, desp., 1 5° Octobris. 
Johannes Waker et Maria Windle, spo 20 Octobris. 
Richds Male et Eliza Selwin, 30 Octobris. 








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The Family of Clutterbuck. 379 

Ri' Hath way vie Johannes Wilkins. Thomas Taylor. 
Incipit annus, 1638. 
Thomas Wetraore et Aneta Peglar, desp., 15* Aprilis. 1638. 
Johannes Fipps et Priscilla Wilkins despons., i" Febrij. 

Richard' Hathway vie John Chapman, James Pegler, gard. 
Incipit anns 1639. 

[f. 48.] 

Johannes Thayer at Eleonora Hathway, despons., 7" Oetobris. 
R* Windoe et Eliza Witcomb , desp.. Ocbis 20. 
Johannes Cam et Editha Peglar, desp., 10 decembs. 
Johannes Wilkins et Maria Chapman, desp., 16 Jarij. 
Richard' Coles et Anna Peglar, des., eodem dei. 
Samuel Shipton et Maria Elger, desp., eode itide die. 
Ri' Hathway, Thomas Warner, Thomas Wetmor. 
Incipit annus 1640. 

1 641. 
Guilimus Smyth et Katherina Millard, despons., Novebs 20. 
Teag O'Rorke [spelt Orork] et Margareta Crook, desp., Feb. 

4°. [probably a trooper, a trace of the civil war.] 
Tho. Wilkins et Katherina Carter, despos., Augusti 28"". 
[? 1642.] 

To he continued. 


The Family of Clutterbuck. 

THE family of Clutterbuck has for centuries occupied a 
prominent position in Gloucestershire, where the name 
is still, of frequent occurence ; and although it may be supposed 
that originally one common stock sent out the numerous branches 
which can be traced back to the fifteenth century, yet there is 
no possibility of connecting all the lines which are known with 
any one stem. 

At the earliest dates at which we can trace the name in this 
county, many families of Clutterbuck are found independent of 
one another, and obviously well established. 

Thus for instance, Robert Cloterboke was Prior of St. 
Margaret's Hospital, Gloucester, 9 Henry VII., 1485. Fosbrook 
gives Thomas Clowterbuck as Mayor of Gloucester in 1545; 
and wills exist of John Cloterbok, tucker, of Eastington, 1524, 


380 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

and Edmund Cloterboke, weaver, of Oxford, 1525,; these 
persons are not traceable in either of the lines connected 
with the two Stanleys or Berkeley. Further investigation might 
no doubt clear up some doubtful points but it is not to be 
expected that a perfect and complete pedigree of so wide spread 
a family can ever be constructed and the enormous number of 
names known through parish registers and other sources, with 
the constant repetition of similar Christian names, is in itself 
a difficulty. 

It is a matter of regret that several attempts to account for 
the history of the family, such as those in Lower's Patronymica 
Brittanica, Burke's Dictionary of Landed Gentry, and Walford's 
County Families, have but confused the subject and misled 

There is an admirable pedigree of one particular line in 
Cussan's History of Hertfordshire, but that errs in the earlier 
generations by tracing a Berkeley family through Eastington. That 
in Clutterbuck's History of that county is in some respects open 
to criticism, and does not pretend to be complete. Those in 
the visitations of Gloucestershire of 1623 and 1682 are mere 
fragments. There are, however, several other longer pedigrees 
in the College of Arms. 

Edmund Clutterbuck, of Islington, who died in 1797, made a 
collection of papers and notes on the family history in which he 
took a very great interest. These have come into the possession 
of his great-grandson, the Rev. R. H. Clutterbuck, F.S.A., who 
after many years' work among parish registers, in the Probate 
Registries and Public Record .Office, was so fortunate as to 
obtain the co-operation of the late T. W. Cattell, Esq., of King 
Stanley, who spared neither time nor labour in collecting addit- 
ional material for the pedigree of Clutterbuck, the result being 
that a very large amount of authorities has been brought 
together, and it is believed that no statement has been made in 
these tables which cannot be well-supported by good evidence. 

Fuller's quaint allusion no doubt conveys a correct idea of the 
occupation and position of a great number of families of 
Clutterbuck, especially along the streams in Gloucestershire, of 
which county he says {Worthiest Vol. t\, p. ^48 J "this shire hath 
afforded many wealthy clothiers, whereof some may seem to 
have interwoven their own names into the cloths, called Webb's 
cloth and Clutterbuck's, after the names of the first makers of 
them for many years after." And the familiar distich in which the 
local names for yarn (chain) and woven material are associated 


The Family of Clutterbtuk. 


with those of the best known cloth makers, puts it even more 

plainly still : — 

" Clutterbuck Small and Pharoah Webb, 
Of dirty chain make golden Abb." 
But from the earliest wills, and all along the centuries, there 
are conclusive proofs that at the time of making their testaments, 
many of the Clutterbucks had no other occupation than that 
connected with the land. 

It cannot, however, be too carefully borne in mind that the 
"mill" of the present day had no representative in the 
fifteenth, sixteenth, or seventeenth centuries. The clothing 
trade, as we are accustomed to speak of it, was the staple 
industury in many counties; but the separate branches were 
carried on by separate people, who, in the vast number of cases, 
were occupied in their trade at the same time that they farmed 
their land. Thus there were weavers and broad weavers, fullers 
or tuckers, dyers, shearmen, and so on: and many families 
naturally sent some of their sons to occupy positions in the 
trade centring round the Cloth Halls in London. 

The ''cloth mark" is not an un frequent bequest, and was no 
doubt a very carefully guarded device, not to be pirated with 
impunity. The cloth mark of the Stanley House branch was 
before the restoration of the church, to be seen in painted glass 
in the tracery of a window in the aisle. It is also found on the 
doorway of a house, now the residence of Mr. Denison Jones, 
anciently called Town's end, at the entrance of Leonard Stanley, 

and is here figured. 

This trade mark is of course 
perfectly distinct from the coat of 

^^^^^ I arms, which has been borne with 

LV>^/^ I ^ pJyery slight variations by almost 

every branch, viz.: — azure, a lion 
rampant argent, in chief three 
escallops of the second. The crest 
is a buck sejant, between two sprigs 
of laurel. These arms will be 
found emblazoned in the churches 
of King Stanley, Stroud, Ciren- 
cester, Claverton, Eastington, and 
f^^^^S. Frampton-on-Sevem. 

^ Settlements of the family were so 

very numerous that probably there 
are but few parishes in Gloucester- 

382 Gloucestershire Azotes and Queries. 

shire where at sometime or other there have not been represent- 
atives, whose names occur in the registers. Within the county 
may be mentioned King Stanley, Leonard Stanley, Berkeley, 
Slimbridge, Frocester, Eastington, Stonehouse, Gloucester, 
Stroud, Frampton-on-Severn, Cirencester, Wotton-under-edge, 
Ozel worth, Minchin-hampton, Bisley, Rodborough, Woodchester, 
Avening, and Tetbury, while outside the county, Bradford-on- 
Avon, Oxford, Remenham, Hardenhuish, Cadbury, Bath, 
Newcastle-on-Tyne, Warkworth, Exeter, Claverton, Wells, Bristol, 
Marazion, Ware, Watford, Ingatestone, and many other places, 
beside numerous settlements in London and its suburbs.* 

The name has been very variously spelt. The earlier forms 
generally have or 00 \n place of the modern u ; but it is very 
doubtful indeed, if the spellings of the name can be at all 
classified, or any significance attached to it. In the present 
tables, where there appeared any reason for doing so, the form 
found has been retained ; but where there is no reason to the 
contrary, the modem spelling has beeh employed. 

To trace the acquisition of various properties would require 
more space than could be afforded here ; and any description of 
the houses, built or inhabited by members of the family, will be 
better dealt with as a separate subject. • 

It remains only to describe what portion of the pedigree is 
here attempted. A Thomas Clotterbooke, of Leonard Stanley, 
made his will in 1551, and it was proved the same year. He is 
selected to begin with, because about his personality there is 
no doubt and he was the common ancestor or stockfather of 
several branches, many records, of which have been collected 

Richard Clotterbooke, his eldest son, who died in 15919 
married twice, and the tables first given are exclusively the issue 
of his two marriages. There are even in this section many 
names not traced out but it is believed all are given which 
would afford any interest. Subsequently, we may attempt the 
history of the descendants of the younger brothers of Richard 
Clutterbuck, viz. : — William Clutterbuck, of Eastington, and 
John Clutterbuck, of Leonard Stanley, from whom come several 
important lines. 

The Clutterbucks of Berkeley parish, who still hold the same 

♦ According to " Rietstap," the same arms are borne by certain families of 
Clotterbook in the Netherlands, and it may be that the race was Flemish in 
its remote origin. 


The Family of ClutUrbuck. 383 

property which they have possessed for several centuries, appear 
to belong to a wholly distinct group of Clutterbucks, between 
whom and the families connected with King Stanley, Leonard 
Stanley, and Eastington, it seems impossible, with the information 
we have, to trace any connection. These, and various lines 
whose position cannot be at present fixed, are not touched upon 
in this series. • 

Section A. 

The Clutterbucks op King Stanley, Ingatestone 
St. Martin's Outwich, Hardenhuish, and Ozleworth. 

1 I. Thomas Clotterbooke, of Leonard Stanley, Gloucester^ 
will dated 6 Nov., 1551, proved at Gloucester, 1551, desires to 
be bu. at Leonard Stanley ; mar. Agnes dau. of . . • • whose will 
proved at Gloucester, 28 June, 1572 (see also Pat. Roll., 6 Edw. 
VI., p. 8). They had issjie, 

i. Richard Clotterbooke^ of whom next, 
ii. Robert Clotterbooke, of Leonard Stanley, will 

dated 25 Oct., 1562, proved at Gloucester, 

25 June, 1563, by Jane, his widow, s.p. 

See Glouc. Notes and Queries, V. p. 329. 
ill. Willtam Clotterbooke^ of Eastington, of whom 

hereafter ; Section C. 
iv. John Clotterbookey of Leonard Stanley, of whom 

hereafter ; Section D» 
V. Elizabeth. 
vi. Margaret. 

2 IL Richard Clotterbooke^ of King Stanley, clothier, 
bu. there, 9 Feb., 1591, p.r. a mon. brass in the church there 
inscribed — 

J^ere4get]^ inxittt tift haXrstsi of l&it^wcttt 
(SiUittetbooft lofio tveceasety tfie 4 of dfebraats anno 
1591 taftn taty tioo ingfes Jfoan ^ fflgjabetj^ anti bs 
ti^e taxat fiali JIdsfielD QTl^omas ^ JFerln'nanbo anb bg 
tfie seconti fiaU 3f»nt 9nne Jloane Jfasper KSilUam 
(Kgles Bgcfiarlie ffUtji IKatfiem Jferentg ^ JIasper 
Jlofm anti Eoiit. 


384 Glouusterskire Notes and Queries. 

Admon. granted P.C.C., 18 April, 1592. Pat. Roll, 6 Edw. VI*, 
p. 8 ; he mar. isi /oan, da. of [ Wedb f~| by whom he had issue, 
i. Thomas CloUeHmcke^ of whom next, 3. 
ii. Ferdinando Cloofierboeke^ of St. Martin, Outwicht 
London, citizen and draper, mar. Bttirice^ 
dau. oi....Matris^ of 9t. Leonards, £ast« 
cheap, London, mar. in that church, 11 
Nov., 1582, p.r. had issue. 

I. Ferdinando ClaUrbooke, liTing 1615. 
3. Henry Claterbooket living 1615. 
3. BetUrie^ bo. 10 Jan., 1617-8, at St. Asdrew*!, 
Holbom, out of Robert Benson's House, Hi^ 
Holborn, p.r, 

Richard Clotterbooke mar. 2ndly Elizabeth, by whom he had 
issue twelve more children; her will, dated 10 Oct., 1604, as '*a 
• widowe, being aged and impotent in body," proved P.C.C, 1 1 
May, 1 605 ; these children were, 

iii. Anne^ mar. at King Stanley, 7 Feb., 1576, to 

Richard Aruneddl or Amdell, p.r. 
iv. Joane, mar. at King Stanley, 30 June, 1578, to 

yohn, Webb p.r. 
v. Jasper^ dead before 1604, s.p. 
vi. William Cluiterbuck, exr. to his mother's will, she 

left him her " clothe marke." 
vij. Giles Clullerbuck, living 1604. 
viij. Richard Clullerbuck, living 1604. 
ix. Maty, mar. at King Stanley, 21 Oct., 1588, to 

y^ohn Ificke, p.r. 
X. Kathtriru, mar. at King Stanley, 3 June, 1588, 

to Wm. Cumocke, mar. 2ndly to. . . .JPinoer. 
XI. yeremy died before 1604, s.p. 
xij. yasper Clullerbuck, exor. to his mother^s will, 

of whom hereafter ; Section B. 
xiij. yohn Clullerbuck. 

xiv. Tobie Clullerbuck, of Magdalen Hall, Oxford, 
M.A., bur. at All Saints', Oxford, 9 Jan., 
1 61 1, p.r. ; mar. at All Saints', Oxford, 2 Jan., 
1605, Ellenor Bumel, had issue, 

Marie, bap. at St. Peter, in the East 
Oxford, 28 Aug., 1608. 

3 in. Thomas Clootterbooke, of King Stanley, clothier, 
will dated i Aug., 161 1 ; proved P.C.C, 17 Aug., 1614; bu. at 
King Stanley, 23 June, 1614, p.r.; mar. ist EUtahelh, dau. of 
....Sandford, at Stonehouse, 8 Feb., 1574, p.r.; she bu. at 
Leonard Stanley, 13 Jan., 1579, p.r.; mar. znAly Agms, daa^of 


^-^^'^\ ^ 


:.^< { -^^ 


The Court House, King Stanley. 


The Family of Clutterbuck. 387 

Richard Wakeman^ of Beckford ; she bu. at Leonard Stanley, 20 
June, 1592, p.r.i; by her he had issue, 

i. William Cluttirhuck^ of whom next, 
ij. Maryy mar. to . • . .Bicke. 
iij. Elizabeth^ bap. at Leonard Stanley, 6 Feb., 

1584, p.r. 
iv. Richard, bap. at Leonard Stanley, 1591 ; bur. 

there same year, p.r. 
V. Ferdinando Clutterbuck, of whom hereafter. 
He mar. 3rdly Bridget, dau. of Richard Robins ; she bap. at 
Matson, 3 June, 1565; mar. there, 29 Jan., 1592-3, p.r. ; will 
dated at Horsley, 17 Aug., 1652, proved P.C.C, i July, 1653; 
by her had issue, 

vi. yasper Clolterbooke, bapt. Leonard Stanley, 4 
July, 1596, p.r. Had issue, 

John^ Thomas^ living 1 653, Maryxavx 

WeUUadf Elisabeth mar Harris, 

Margaret, Hannah, and BridgtU* 

vij. Thomas Cloiterbooke, of Horseley, of whom 

viij. Hester, bap. at Leonard Stanley, 2 Dec, i6oo> 

ix. Richard Clotterbooke, bap. at King Stanley, 12 

Dec, 1602. 
z. Elizabeth, bap. at King Stanley, 3 June, 1604, 

xi. Tobie Clotterbooke, m. and had issue, two dans., 
Hester and Bridget 

4 IV. William Clutterbuck, of King Stanley, gentleman, 
[son of Thomas, IH. 3 (1614,) and Agnes, his second wife,] bap. 
at Leonard Stanley, 24 Aug., 1583, p.r., died 1655, aged 74, m.i. 
in King Stanley Church; will dated 18 May, 1653; proved 
P.C.C, 2 July, 1655 ; mar. Dorcas, dau. of Joseph Bqynham, of 
Westbury, Glou., by Mary, his wife, who was maid of honour to 
Queen Elizabeth; she died 2a Jan., 1667, aged 84; bur. at 
Wotton-under-edge, i Feb., 1667, p.r.; they had issue, 

i. Thomas Clutterbuck, of whom next, 
ij. Arier or Arthur Clutterbuck, bap. at King 

Stanley, 2 March, 1620 ; bur. there, 21 Feb., 

1642, s.p. 
iii. Elizabeth, bap. at King Stanley, 19 July, 1619, 

p.r.; ma. to Robert Oldsimrth bu. at 

Wotton-under-edge, 14 Dec, 1682, p.r. 

5 V. Thomas Clutterbuck, bap. at King Stanley, 9 Feb., 

388 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

1 615, p.n; bu. there, 10 July, 1666, p.r. ; his will, dated 26 Jane, 
1 666 ; proved at Gloucester, 1 669 ; his wife's name unknown ; 
he had issue, 

i. Thomas CluUerbuck. 

ii. William Clutterbuck. 

iij. Edward Clutterbuck, 

We now revert to — 

6 IV. Ferdinando Clotterbooke, of Ashchurch, Glouc^ 
son of Thomas III. 3 (1614), and Agnes, his second wife,] bap. 
at Leonard Stanley, 25 June, 1592, p.r.; mar. Alice^ da. of. ••• 
who was bur. at Ashchurch, 4 Nov., 1660, p.r. ; admon., she then 
described as of Fiddington ; granted P.C.C., 1677; they had 


i. Samuel Clutterbuck^ of whom next, 7. 

ij. yohn Cloterbooktj bap. at Ashchurch, 31 Mar.» 
1 624, p.r. ; secretary to the Lord Chancellor ; 
bur. at Ashchurch, 1677, p.r.; his will, in 
which he is described as ''of Fiddington, 
gentleman," dated 9 Jan., 1674; proved 
P.C.C., 8 Dec, 1677, s.p. 

iij. Daniel Clotterhooke^ of whom below, 10 

iv. Nathaniel Clotterbooke, 

v. yerame Clotterbooke^ bap. at Ashchurch, 4 May. 
1637, was of St. Giles, Cripplegate, citizen 
and haberdasher of London; bur. at S. 
Augustine, London, 28 July, 1678, p.r., will 
dated 4 Aug., 1698; proved P.C.C, 20 
Sep., 1698; he mar. Maty, dau. of .... 
and had issue the following children, all bu. 
at St. Alphege, London Wall, p.r. 
I. Thomas, 10 May, 1667. 
3. Benjamin^ 19 Sept., 1668. 

3. yerom, 19 May, 1676. 

4. Ann, 22 Jan., 1669. 

5. Alice, 25 Feb., 1672. 

6. Margaret mar. before 1692 to ... . Townsend, 
vi. Joseph Clutterbnck, citizen and haberdasher of 

London ; will dated 23 Jan., 1676; proved 
P.C.C, 7 Feb., 1676; he mar. Ann, dau. of 
....whose will dated 29 Sept., 1702, was 
proved P.C.C, 3 Oct., 1702, and had issue, 

Joseph Clutterbuck, who by his wife, EltMobeth, 
had issue, 
Joseph Clutterbuck, who, in 1702, was appren- 
ticed to an apothecary in London. 


The Family of Clutterbuck. 389 

vii. Thomas Clutterbuck mar. Chessen, dau. of 

Permvne, at St. Anne, Blackfriars, 30 Aug., 

1660, p.r. ; her will dated 21 Nov., 1689, 

was proved P.C.C., 16 June, 1690; issue, 

Samuel Clutterbuck, bap., 26 May, 1676, at St. 

Augustine, dty of London, whose will -dated 

was proved P.C.C, 15 Oct., 1701. 

viij. Elizabeth, bap. at Ashchurch, 4 Aug., 1625; 
mar. before 1692, to. . . ,Kimpson, 
ix. Sarah mar. before 1692, to. . . ,Malson. 
X. yoan mar. before 1692, to. . . .Spragg. 

7 V. Samuel Clutterbuck, of Ingatestone, Essex, citizen 
and dyer, will dated 15 Feb., 1689, proved P.C.C, 10 June, 
1692. he mar. Anne dau. of . . . . .whose will describing her of 
Badsworth, Yorks, dated 31 Oct., 1702, was proved P.C.C, 2 
Dec, 1 704, they had issue, 

i. Thomas Clutterbuck, of whom next, 
ii. Joseph Clutterbuck, living 1702. 
iii. Cordelia, mar. to John Bright, 

8 VI. Thomas Clutterbuck, of Ingatestone, one of the 
Six Clerks of the High Court of Chancery. Will dated 22 Dec, 
1696; proved P.C.C 8 Jan., 1696; directs his "body to be 
buried in the parish Church of St. Pancras, Soper Lane, 
belonging to my family ; " he mar. Bridgett, dau. of Sir Thomas 
Exton^ and relict of Sir John Sudbury, of Eldon, Durham ; she 
was mar., thirdly to the Right Hon. Edward Cartaret, of 
Dagenham, Essex ; admon. of her goods granted P.C.C, July, 
1758 ; they had issue, 

9 VII. Right Hon. Thomas Clutterbuck, of St. Martin's 
in the Fields, Midx., mat. Christ Church, Oxford, 20 Oct., 17 13, 
aged 16, of the Middle Temple, 171 3; M.P, for Liskeard, 
1722-34; for Plimpton, 1734; privy councilor, treasurer of the 
navy; died Nov., 1742; admon. granted P.C.C, Dec, 1742; 
mar. Henrietta Buffe Tollemache, sister of the Earl of Dysart, i 
May, 1731 ; she died 8 Dec, 1772, and had issue, 

i. Elizabeth Henrietta, of Padworth, Berks, who 
died unmarried; admon. granted P.C.C, 
Dec, 1751. 
ii. Clerana, born 9 Nov., 1733. 
iii. Charlotte, of Westminster, bap. at St. Martins 
in the Fields, 14 June, 1741 p.r.; admon. 
granted P.C.C, Feb., 1758. 
iv. William yohn Clutterbuck, died an infant. 

390 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

We now revert to — 

10 V. Daniel Clutterbuck [third son of Ferdinando C 

IV. 6, and Ann], of Haggerstone, in the parish of St. Leonard's, 

Shoreditch, Midd. : bap. at Ashchurch, 19 Oct., 1626, p.r. ; 

admon. in Court of Archdeacon of London, i Feb., 1677-8; bu. 

at S. Leonard's, Shoreditch, 16 Jan., 1677, p.r. ; he mar. Penelope^ 

dau. of . . . , WaddiSy at St. Leonard's, Shoreditch, 21 Apr., 1670, 

who administered to his goods, and had issue. 

It is traditionally said that Daniel Clutterbuck also had a son, who was 
killed for espousing the cause of the pretender. 

i. Daniel Ciutterbuckt of whom next. 

ii. Francis Clutitrhuck, bap. at St. Leonard's, 

Shoreditch, 10 July, 1675. 
iii. Thomas Clutterbuck^ died 14 March, 1718, aged 
8, s.p. 

11 VII. Daniel Clutterbuck, of Nailsworth, and of the 
Hyde, Minchinhampton, esq., which he purchased, 1709; bap. 
at St. Leonard, Shoreditch, 2 April, 1673, p.r.; will dated 25 
Jan., 1719; admon. to his son, Edmund, P.C.C., 3 May, 1735 ; 
mar. Penelope Smith; buried at Minchinhampton, 17 July, 1766, 
p.r. ; she renounced admon. to her husband's goods, and had 

i. William Clutterbuck, of the City of Oxford, 
grocer; will dated 14 Oct., 1747; proved 
P.C.C, 12 Aug., 1748. 

ii. Edmund Clutterbuck^ of the Hyde, esq,, bu. at 
Minchinhampton, 9 Oct., 1778, aged 71, 
m.i. ; purchased the shares of his brothers 
and sisters, under his father's will; mar. 
Ann Shepherdy who died 12 Nov., 1791, 
aged 72, and is buried at Minchinhampton, 
p.r., but died s.p. 

iii. Thomas Clutterbuck^ of whom next, 1 2, 

iv. Daniel Clutterbuck, of Brad ford-on- Avon, co. 
Wilts, died 16 April, 1769, aged 56; will 
dated 1769; proved P.C.C., 1769; bu. at 
Holy Trinity Church, Bradford, m.i. 

v. William Clutterbuck, died 1752, s.p. 

vi. Lewis Clutterbuck, of whom hereafter. 17. 

vii. Elizabeth, lived and died at Hyde, 
viii. Ann, bap. and buried at Minchinhampton, 

iz. Mary, buried at Avening, 24 March, 1795, 
aged 86. 

The Family of Clutterbuck. 39 1 

12 VIII. Thomas Clutterbuck, of Avening, esq., died 25 
June, 1805, aged 96, m.i. ; bur. at Avening, 29 June, 1805, p.r. ; 
mar. Elizabeth^ dau. of Thomas Webh^ of Avening and 
Rodborough, died 28 Nov., 1802, aged 84, m.i.; buried at 
Avening, 4 Dec, 1 802, p.r., and had issue, 

i. Daniel Clutterbuck^ of whom next. 

ii. Edmund Clutterbuck^ bap. at Avening, 3 Dec, 
1755, p.r.; died ii Dec, 1840, aged 84; 
buried at Avening; mar. 14 Jan., 1802, 
Lucia Baldwin; died i June, 1828, aged 61 ; 
buried at Avening, m.i., but died s.p. 

iii. Nathaniel Webb Clutterbucky bap. at Avening, 5 
Dec, 1743, p.r. ; drowned young s.p. 

iv. y antes Clutterbuck, of Hyde, and of Holcombe 
clothier, J. P. and D.L., bap. at Avening, i 
July, 1758, p.r., died at Cheltenham, 12 
April, 1840, aged 85, buried at Avening, p.r. 
m.i.; he was mar. 30 Jan., 1800, to Mary 
Ann, dau. of ., ,.Afolineux; died 5 Nov., 
1864, aged 86, buried at Avening, m.i., but 
died s.p. 

V. Lewis Clutterbuck, bap. at Avening, 12 Sep., 
1746, p.r.; died at Ford House, Staiford, 
3 Oct., 1824, marr. i Jan., 1774, Sarah 

vi. Maty, bap. at Avening, 28 June, 1743, p.r., 
died 1842. 

vii. Betty, bap. at Avening, 4 June, 1749, mar. 

to. .,. Getting, p.r. 
viii. Hester, mar. at Avening, 3 May, 1703, to yohn 
Walkley, of King Stanley. 

13 IX. Daniel 'Clutterbuck, of Bradford, Leigh, Wilts, 
esq., and of Bath, banker, bap. at Avening, 20 Jan., 1744, p.r. ; 
died II June, 1821, aged 77, m.i.; buried at Bradford-on-Avon ; 
marr. i Oct., 1773, Elizabeth, dau. of Bryan Edwards, esq., 
of Jamaica, M.P. ; died 28 ApL, 1826, aged 78; buried at 
Bradford-on-Avon, and had issue, 

i. Thomas Clutterbuck, of whom next, 14. 
ii. Bryan Edwards Clutterbuck, bom 29 Jan. 1776^ 

died unmarried, 1793, buried at Bradford, s.p* 
iii. Marianne, marr. to John Getbuty^ of Shire- 

hampton, esq., 5 Dec, 1794. 
iv. Sarah, mar. to G. H. Tugwell, of Crowe Hall, 

near Bath, esq., died 30 May, 1853, aged 76. 


39^ Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

V. Penelope, mar. at South Wraxall, 6 Sept., i8oz, 
to Manley Tugwell, esq., died 26 Nov. 

1861, aged 80. 
vi Eliza born 24 Feb., 1780, marr. to William 

Wroughton, Salmon, of Devizes, esq. 

14 X. Thomas Clutterbuck, of Hardenhuish Park, Wilts, 
esq., Officer in the Horse Guards Blue; was high sheriff of 
Wilts, 1826 and 1852; bom 1779, died 16 April, 1852; buried 
at Hardenhuish, m.i. ; purchased Hardenhuish ; mar. Henritiia^ 
dau. of David Ricardo,^ es(\,t M.P. for Portarlington, 1818-23; 
Political Economist, of Gatcombe, and of Bromsborrow Place, 
Gloucestershire; she died 1838, aged 41, and had issue, 

i. Edmund Lewis Clulterbuck, of whom next, 
ii, Daniel Hugh Clutterhuck, of Monks Corsham, 
Wilts, Capt. 8th Hussars, of Bath, wounded 
at Balaclava, married at Esher, 18 Oct., 
1855, to Sophia Ellen, dau. of J. W. Spicer^ 
of Esher Place, esq., and has issue, 

Hugh Frank tluUerbuck, bom 1857, 
marr. Margaret, dau. of the late Richard 
Long, of Rood Ashton, Wilts, Esq. 
iii. Maty died 20 Feb., 1 830. 
iv. Martha died ig June, 1802. 
V. i4/2ir^ died 10 April, 1832. 

1 5 XI. Edmund Lewis Clutterbuck, of Hardenhuish Park, 
esq., J.P. and D.L., bom 8 Aug., 1824; B.A., Christ Church, 
Oxford, 1846; sheriff for Wilts, 1854; died at Torquay, 9 Feb., 
1861 ; mar. 3 Mar., 1 851, at Esher, Louisa Maria, dau. of John 
W. Spicer, of Esher, esq., died 1882, and had issue, 

i. Edmund Henry Clut/erbuck, of whom next, 
ii. Walter yohn Clutterbuck, bom 1 853, marr. 1892, 
Violet, dau. of Francis Smith, of Wing- 
field Park, Derby, esq. 
iii. Newton Clutterbuck died an infant, 
iv. Henrietta marr. A, K, Loyd, esq. Q.C. 
v. Mary Hope marr. Sir Henry yacob Preston^ bart., 
of Beeston Hall, Norfolk. 

16 Xn. Edmund Henry Clutterbuck, of Hardenhuish 

Park, esq., J.P., C.C, late of Wilts' Yeomanry, bom 30 Jan.. 

1852; mat. University College, Oxford, B.A., 1875; chairman 

of the Chippenham Board of Guardians; marr., 1880, Madelifu 

Charlotte, dau. of Rev. C. H. Raikes, and has issue, 

♦David Ricardo, esq., was the well known author of the ** Principles of 
Political Economy," published by John Murray, 181 7, and the originator ef 
the "Theory of Rent." Ricardo*s letters to Malthus, have recently been 
published by the Clarendon, Press, Oxford. 


The Family of Cluiterbuck, 393 

i. 77u>mas Edmund Clutttrhuck^ born 31 March, 

1883, died I Feb., 1884. 

ii. Edmund Lewis Clutierbuck, born 19 Aug., 1887. 

iii. David Cluiterbuck^ born 2 1 Sep., 1 890. 

iv. Henrietta Madeline^ 

V. yoan Louisa. 

vi. Violet Thermuthis. 

vij. Maty Hope Letitia, 

» *** » 

Coaley Parish Register Extracts. 

THE registers of the parish of Coaley commence in the year 
1 581, but the first volume which extends from that year until 
1738 is extremely irregular, and in many cases badly written. 
Evidently the entries were often made by the incompetent hand 
of a parish clerk. Curiously enough, the period during which 
the register was best kept was that from 1 650 to 1 660, and the 
parish was clearly very fortunate at that time in obtaining the 
services of a competent registrar. Except to genealogists, there 
are .comparatively few entries of general interest, and most of 
them are given in the following extracts. We may draw 
attention to the reference to the baptism of Quakers and a few 
entries of exconmiunication and absolution thereupon in the last 
century. They were evidently for o£fences against morals. 

In the succeeding extracts which include the period 1 582-1 8 1 2, 
all the entries which relate to the names of Browning, Harding, 
Clutterbuck, Trotman, Kingscote, Purnell, Vizard, are given. 
Save of the first two, few instances of any of them occur, which 
is somewhat remarkable; for two of them, Clutterbuck and 
Trotman, abound in the immediate neighbourhood ; indeed, as 
our readers are aware, the Trotmans simply swarm in the 
adjoining parish of Cam. All through the registers are 
numerous entries of the families of Cam and Mabbett, who are 
still well-known in this district, and are of considerable antiquity, 
the former taking their name from the adjoining parish of Cam. 
Other names which are found more or less frequently, are Veizey, 
Pegler, Drinkwater, Sherwood, Longden, Oalridge, Gunter and 
Ginter, Dangerfield, Essington and Estington, Washburn, 
Seliman and Jelliman, Longstreth and Longstreet, Veribey, 
Flatcher, and Hulbro. Some of these names are obvious 
misspellings, or corruptions. The educational condition of the 


394 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

parish was certainly low, if we may judge from the marriage 
register of the latter half of the eighteenth century, for the 
majority perhaps of the entries are signed with marks. This 
was doubtless due to the isolated position of the parish in ancient 
times, for it lies off any of the main roads, and it always 
appears to have been chiefly if not entirely engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. For permission to make the following extracts we 
are indebted to the present vicar of Coaley, the Rev. W. J. Evans. 

Book A commences in 1582, and the earliest existing entry is : — 
"Isabell Cumocke, daugh. of Ri., bap. March y* iij*, 
1581" [«>., 1582]. 

Joane Harding, dau. of Maurice, bapt., 10 March, 1582. 

William Longden and Mary Forde, mar. 1625. 

Richard Browning, son of William, bapt. 23 June, 1585. 

Elizabeth Harding, dau. of Maurice, bapt. 24 April, 1586. 

Mary Browning, dau. of John, bapt. 30 April, 1587. 

John Harding, son of Maurice, bapt. 22 Dec, 1589. 

Jane Browning, dau. of William, bapt. 15 May, 1590. 

Richard Browninge, son of John, bapt. 9 Jan., 1592. 

Richard Harding, son of Maurice, 16 July, 1593. 

John Harding, son of John, bapt. 23 April, 1623. 

Richard Browning, son of John, bapt. 4 Jan, 1623. 

William Browning, son of William, bapt. 12 Jan. 1595. 

Martha Harding, dau. of Maurice, bapt. 16 March, 1595. 

Ursula Browning, dau. of John, bapt. 28 Jan., 1598. 

Anna Browning, dau. of John, bapt. 27 Jan., 1601. 

John Browning, son of John, bapt Aug. 1-605. 

Samuel, son of John Browning, bapt. 2 Dec, 1628. 

Mary, dau. of John Harding, bapt. 3oT>ec, 1628. 

Maurice Harding, son of John, bapt. i Jan., 1630. 

Thomas Browning, son of John, bapt. 24 March, 1630. 

Anna, dau. of John Harding, bapt. 25 Nov., 1632. 

Daniel, son of John Browning, bapt. [2 ?] Dec, 1632. 

James Purnell and Mary Beard, mar. 3 Nov., 1632. 

John [Sawe?] and Mary Purnell, mar. Nov., 1635. 

John Browning the elder, bur. 9 Aug., 1628. 
" Daniel Stayno, Master of Artes, sumtime 
** fellow of Magdalen Colledge in Oxford, dyed 
'* Vicar of this parish, and was buried the xxvi*** 
" day of Aprill, Anno Dni 1630, by mr. 
*" James Dalton, Parson of Uley." 

Edith Browning, wife of William, bur. 26 Oct., 1630. 


Coaky Parish Register Extracts. 395 

Margaret Browning, bur. 26 June, 1573. 

Agnes Harding, dau. of Maurice, bur. 11 June, 1577. 

Joane Harding, bur. 12 July, 1585. 

Richard Browning, bur. 11 Dec. 1595. 

Jane, dau. of William Browning, bur. 27 June, 1605. 

Richard Browning, son of John, bur. 8 June, 1609. 

Richard, son of John Harding, bapt. 16 Jan., 1635. 

Joseph, son of John Harding, bapt. 13 Aug., 1633. 

Nathaniel, son of John Browning, and Joane, his wife, bapt. 

16 May, 1642. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Harding, and Sarah, his wife, bapt. 

19 Aug., 1642. 

Mary, daughter of Richard Harding, bapt , 1643. 

Josua, son of John Browning, and Joan, his wife, bapt. 4 Feb., 

[Anne ?], dau. of John Browning, and Joan, his wife, bapt. 

I 1644. 

John, son of John Harding, and Idith, his wife, born . . Dec, 

and bapt. 13 Jan., 1647. 
Deborah, dau. of Richard and Joan Trotman, bom 19 June, 

bapt. 4 July, 1649. 
Joanna, dau. of John and Joanna Browning, bom 24 Sept., 

bapt. 26 Sept., 1649 
Edith, dau. of Idith Harding, widow, bom 2, bapt. 10 Dec, 

Thomas, son of John and Joan Browning, bom 15, bapt. 27 

March, 1651. 
Mary, dau. of John and Dorcas Hardingi born 14, bapt 28 Feb. 

Ann, dau. of William and Elizabeth Trotman, of Slimbridge, 

born 23 Aug., bapt. 3 Sept., 1652. 
William, son of William and Joan Harding, of Cam, bom 29 

Jan., bapt 1652. 

Dorcas, dau. of John and Dorcas Harding, bom 19, bapt. 26 

Feb., 1653. 
" Hereafter follow the names of them who were baptized in 
y* time of Samuel Winney, who had possession of y* Vicaridge 
of Cowley, January ist, 165I." 
Martha dau. of Mr. Samuel Winney, bora 3,. bapt. 15 Aug., 

** Those two sons of Thomas Merricky were not baptized by 
any lawful minister, but by the father forenamed, the father being 
a Quaker, so certified by Richard Longstreth, minister of this 

396 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

Abigail, dau. of Richard Longstreth, minister of this parish, 

and Judith, his wife, bom 25, bapt. 29 Sept., 1659. 
Mary, dau. of John Browning, jun., gent., and Mary his wife, 

bom and bapt. 11 Feb., 1659. 
John, son of Richard Longstreth, minister of this parish, and 

Judith, his wife, bom 7th, bapt. 12 Sept. 1661,. 
Jonathan, son of Thomas Clutterbucke, and Martha, his wife, 

bapt. 4 Jan., 1661. 
John, son of John Browning, jun., and Mary, his wife, bapt. 9 

May, 1662. 
John, son of John Kingscote, and Sarah, his wife, bapt. 9 May, 

Robert, son of John Browning, gent., and Mary, his wife, 

bapt. 14 June, 1664. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Kingscote, and Sarah his wife, bapt. 

8 Oct., 1665. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Browning, jun., and Mary, his wife, 

bapt. 4 Jan., 1664. 
Thomas, son of John Whorston, als. Elliots, and Anna, his 

wife, bapt. 14 Jan., 1665. 
Robert Trotman, of Cam, and Mary Plummer, of Nibley, 

married 1648. [date not given]. 
Joseph, son of John Harding, buried 24 Sept. 1638,. 
Katherine, dau. of John Harding, buried 9 Jan., 1638. 
John Harding, buried 20 July, 1643. 
John, son of John Harding, buried 13 Feb., 1647. 
Nathaniel son of John Browning, gent., bur. 17 Sept., 1648. 
Elizabeth, dau. of John Browning, gent., 17 bur. Sept., 1648. 
John Harding, bur. 9 March, 1648. 
An infant of Mr. John Browning, buried 26 Sept., 1648. 
Mary, dau. of John Browning, Esq., bur. 15 June, 1651. 
Daniel, son of John Browning, Esq., bur. 19 June, 1651. 
Thomas, son of John Browning, Esq., bur. 11 Sept., 1651. 
Richard Harding, bur. 22 April 1652. 
Judith, wife of Richard Longstreth, minister of this parish, 

bur. 5 July, 1664. 
John, son of Richard Longstreth, bur. 25 July, 1664. 
Henry Dansy, of Uley, and Bridget Mayer, of this parish, 

married 9 Sept., 1661. 
Richard Mayer, of this parish, and Sarah Ind, of Nibley, mar. 

26 Dec, 1 66 1. 
Daniel Smith, of Uley, and Sarah Elliots, married 2 July, 1664. 
Richard Longstreth and Mary Browne, married i May, 1666. 

Coaley Parish Register Extracts. 397 

John, son of Maurice Harding, and his wife, bapt. 7 

June, 1666. 
Richard, son of Richard Longstreth, and Elizabeth, his wife, 

bapt. 7 March, 1666. 
Sarah, dau. of John Kingscote, and Sarah, his wife, bapt. 5 

May, 1667. 
Richard, son of John Browning, gent., and Sarah, his wife, 

bapt. 7 June, 1668. 
Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Longstreth, and Elizabeth, his 

wife, bapt. 15 Nov., 1668. 
Richard, son of John Fordes, ah. Elliots, and Joane, his wife, 

bapt. 4 March, 1669. 
Anne, dau. of John Browning, gent., and Mary, his wife, bapt. 

8 October, 1670. 
Jonadab, son of Richard Longstreth, minister of this parish, 

and Elizabeth, his wife, bom 19, bapt. 21 May, 1671. 
John, son of Walter Longden, and Ann, his wife, bapt. 18 

July, 1672. 
John, son of John Browning, jun., gent., and Mary his wife 

bapt. 23 May, 1673. 
Mary and Elizabeth, daughters of Arthur Cam ; their mother 

this day also buried; bapt. 31 May, 1673. 
Thomas, son of Walter Longden, and Anne, his wife, bapt. 

27 Feb., 1673. 
Anne, dau. of Arter Cam, and Anne, his wife, bapt. 10 May, 

John, son of Stephen Browning, and Elizabeth, his wife, bapt. 

7 Jan., 1675. 
Joana, dau. of John Browning, and Mary, his wife, 7 Feb., 

Joseph, son of Joseph Browning, and Elizabeth, his wife, bapt. 

7 May, 1677. 
Hester, dau. of James Jyner [Joyner ?], and Sarah, his wife, 

bapt. 19 October, 1679. 
Joshua, son of Joseph Browning, and Elizabeth, his wife, bapt. 

20 Feb., 1679. 
Richard Hall, vicar, 1680. 

(To he continued), 

I, each, and us. — John Smythe, of Nibley, in the interesting 
particulars which he has recorded of the dialect of the hundred 

398 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

of Berkeley as it was spoken in his day, now more than two 
hundred and fifty years back, gives several examples of the use 
of the word "each" in lieu of the pronoun "I," thus: "Each 
was 'geboren at Berkley hums," that is, " I was bom at Berkeley 
hums." No reference is made to this peculiar form of " I " in 
the " Glossary of the Gloucestershire Dialect, " issued by the 
English Dialect Society ; but it may be doubted whether it is 
altogether extinct. I have myself heard ** hundreders," as old 
John Smyth termed those privileged to be inhabitants of the 
hundred of Berkeley make use of the word " us " in lieu of " I," 
as " Us'll do it," instead of *• I will do it." This it seems likely 
to me is not a misuse of the plural, but the modem form of the 
sixteenth century " each." Will some reader better acquainted 
with the Gloucestershire speech than I am express his opinion 
on the point ? F. L. M. R. 

Vizard. — ^What is the origin of this well-know Gloucestershire 
surname? It is generally associated with the word "Vizor" or 
" Vizard," a mask, and the arms ascribed to this name, show 
three helmets with vizors. The addition of d seems to be a 
comparatively modem comiption. A tomb dated early in the 
seventeenth century still exists in Dursley churchyard, to the 
memory of Arthur Vizar, bailiff there in 1612. Though for 
nearly three centuries the Vizards have been residents at Dursley, 
they seem to have originally come from Hawkesbuiy, a few miles 
further south. Edmund Smyth, of Rilcot, in that parish, in his 
will dated i593» appoints Raphe Fizar as his overseer, and also 
names an Arthur Fizar, of Alverton ; but the name had been 
connected with Hawkesbury at a much earlier period, in fact, 
as far back as the reign of Edward I. ; it may be met with in the 
manor rolls of that place, which are now in the Public Record 
Office, at least, as early as 1279 or 1290, so that its known exist- 
ence in the district covers a period of upwards of six centuries. 
The spelling varied, but Fyssar was then the usual form, and we 
meet with William le Fyssar in the 20th year of Edward I., 1292. 
The final d never appears. The Frocester Registers contain 
some entries of the name Fessor, which it is just possible may 
be another form. After all may not Vizard be merely a comiption 
of the sumame Fisher ? F. L. M. R. 


Qgfooft Qtoeicee. 

Choice Passages from the writings and letters of Sir Walter Raleigh ; 
being a small sheet of Gleanings from a Golden Harvest, by 
Alexander B. Grosart. London, Elliot Stock, 1892. cl., 12 mo., 
pp. xii., 208. 

This is the second issue of the Elizabethan Library, the first 
volume of which, dealing with Sir Philip Sydney's writings, we 
have already noticed. This one is a volume which can be 
perused with profit, and makes one long for a fuller acquaintance 
with Raleigh's works, the only complete edition of which is the 
"utterly unworthy one," issued at Oxford in 1829. The life of 
Sir Walter Raleigh will always command our sympathy, for the 
romance of travel attaching to it, and his pathetic end. This 
volume will but increase the respect which Englishmen must 
have for this hapless adventurer, and we can but thank 
Dr. Grosart for rendering it possible for busy men to become 
acquainted with some few of the very words of a great man. Is 
it too much to hope that this booklet may lead to the issue of 
a complete edition of Raleigh's writings ? 

Historical Records of New South Wales, Vol. I., Part 2. — Phillip ; 
1783-1792 — By Authority. — Sydney: Charles Potter, Govern- 
ment Printer. 1892., 8vo., hf. bd., pp. xxxiv. — 784. 

This volume shows that our Australian cousins realize how 
desirable it is to preserve the early records of a country by means 
of the press, and it speaks well for New South Wales that such 
a volume is possible at this comparatively early period of their 
history. This is the first of a proposed series of records relating 
to this colony, which is to be accompanied by others, giving a 
resum6 of its history. It gives the text of a large number of 
documents, mainly dispatches relating to the settlement of 
Sydney and the surrounding country, and, what will be of very 
general interest, much information given from official records, 
relative to the famous Mutiny of the " Bounty." The opening 
document is a letter dated 1783, from Mr. J. M. Matra, for a 
settlement in New South Wales, which he foresaw would form a 
compensation to this country for the loss of the United States. 
Within four years of this time, Capt. Phillip received his com- 
mission as Governor to this colony, and in due course he 
proceeded in the ship Sirius, with a number of convicts to found 
the new settlement, for from such unpromising materials did this 
colony take its start. Much that is printed in this volume is of 


400 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

little value, and consists of ordinary business details, but there 
can be no doubt that the government at Sydney have done well 
to print the records in extenso, rather than to permit an editor 
to make selections or abstracts thereof. We shall look forward 
to future volumes of the series, and trust that other colonies 
will be found to follow the example of this one. 

A Statistical Account of the Seven Colonies of Australia, By T. 
A. Coughlan, Government Statistician of New South Wales ; 
with Map and Diagrams. Sydney : Charles Potter, Govern* 
ment printer. 1892. 8vo., pp. viii., 406. 

This volume is one of considerable interest, displaying as it does 
the wonderful growth and forward condition of our colonies 
in the southern seas. The ** seven," of course, are the five in 
Australia, with Tasmania and New Zealand. The work seems 
to be well done and affords ample material for study ; almost 
every aspect of life and commerce are fully dwelt upon, and even 
those who have no chance of visiting the Antipodes will discover 
much to interest them. One feature draws our attention, and 
that is the use made by the Colonists of the post and telegraph ; 
as regards the latter they occupy the first position, and as regards 
the post they are second only to the United Kingdom. The 
aggregation of people into towns is unfortunately too prominent 
in Australian life, and another very objectionable feature is the 
extraordinary amount of meat consumed by these colonies ; in 
Queensland, to its discredit, jyolbs. per head are annually con- 
sumed ; the average in the seven colonies being xyolbs. In the 
United Kingdom the average is iQolbs., and even that is largely 
in excess of what suffices in other lands :— Italian, 261bs. ; 
Dutchmen, sylbs., and Canadians, 9olbs., and we may well hope 
that Australia will amend this pernicious practice. The work 
before us is well printed, is illustrated with some useful diagrams, 
and reflects credit upon the compiler. 



A few copies of the "Collections relating to the Family of Trotman" 
'which appesu-ed in "Gloucestershire Notes and Queries*' in 189 1-2 have been reprinted 
for private circulation, and may be obtained on application to the Editor, W. P. W. 
Phillimore, 124, Chancery Lane, London. The price is Fvoe Shillings, 

The " Collections " contain : — 

I. References to Trotman, in the " Description of the Hundred of Berkeley," by John Smyth, 
of Nibley. 

s. Entries in the parish regfisters of Cam, Durslev, Wotton-under-edfire ; St. Nicholas and 
St. Mary-de-Orypt, Gloucester; Syston, Bucknell, and Newton Purcell, and Quaker 

3. Extracts from Gloucester school register the Apprentice Book and Book of Freedom, 

4. Marriage allegations at Gloucester. 

5. Full abstract of eightv Trotman wills and administrations at Gloucester, or in the 

Prerogative Court of Canterbury. 

6. Monumental Inscriptions at Iron Acton, Badgeworth, Berkeley, Blockley, Cam, Coaley, 
Coberley, Dursley, Frocester, Newton Purcell, Bucknell, and S}'ston. 

7. Pedigrees of Trotman of Syston, and of John Trotman, the inventor of Trotman's anchor. 

Illustrated with views of Syston Court, Nasse Court and the Steps, Cam ; the 
armorial book-plate of Samuel Trotman, Esq., 1702; the Merchant's seal of Edward 
Trotman, 1638, and portraits of the Rev. Canon Trotman and the late Mr. John Trotman. 


"Gloucestershire Notes and Queries" is a good medium for literary and other 
suitable advertisements, which will be received by the Editor. 

Scale of charges: — page (same size as circular), {^\\ half-page, 12s.; quarter 
page, 6s. 6s. ; inch, 5s. ; half-inch, 2s. Od.— in good legible type, well displayed, and 
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How to Write the History of a Family. 

By W. p. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 
49* Now Ready, in Crown 8vo, price 48. 6d. post free. 

Second Edition Revised. 

** A useful and systematic handbook to a complete subject and a practical treatise on 
the manifold sources of information open to a genealogist." — The Saturday Review. 

*< Mr. Phillimore*s book is a most valuable guide to those who are interested, as every 
one should be, in such inquiries.'* — Spectator. 

" Mr. Phillimore's book should be in the hands of every one who aspires to search for 
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** Offers much of curious and interesting detail, and is one of the most practical that 
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** A volume that must remain for many years the standard work on this subject. It 
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Elliot Stock, 62, Paternoster Row, E.G. 

Memorials of the Family of Fynmore, 

With notices of Filmer. Fillmore, Filmore, Fenemore, Finnimore, PhilHmore, Venemore, etc. 
Illustrated with Map, Armorial Rearing, Etchings, etc., By W. P. W. Phillimorb. M.A., B.C.L. 
pp. riii. 78, cloth boards, 8vo, price 7^. 6d. 

Only a few copies of this work remain unsubscribed for. 







This pamphlet relates to the questions of "registration** and "reform,** which 
are now coming so prominently forward. 

The following topics are specially dealt with : — " One man, one vote ; " ** One 
vote, one value;** *' Equal electoral districts;** "No taxation without repre- 
sentation,** and certain notorious electoral anomalies. 

The followinjj Reforms are suggested :— Abolition of Septennial Act; 
Permanent Parliaments; Redisirihution after each Census; Improved Registration; 
a standing electoral court; due representation of persons and property ; Abolition 
of illiterate privilege, etc. 


Paternoster, Row. 

Stroud:— JOHN WHITE, 23. Georgre Street, and of aQ BookseUers. 



Vol. v.. Part IX. 

§M ^^m«. 

yan.'Mar.^ i8gj. 

• • 1 ! i • ' • \"' 

Notes and Queries. 

An Illustrated Quarterly Magazine devoted to the 
History and Antiquities of Gloucestershire. 


W. p. W. PHILLIMORE, M.A., B.C.L. 

** We do save and recofver somewhat from the deluge of iime^ 


Uley Old Church, 

^•'rocester Marriage Registers, 

Slander at Hawkesbury, 

The General Election of 1892, 

White Hart, Uley, 

Gloucester City Wall, 

Leonard Stanley Bells, 

Gloucestershire Wills, 

Communication between Londcm 

and Gloucestershire in 18 10, 
The Smyths of Nibley, 

Queries and Replies, 

The Jewish Tragedy at Gloucester. 
The Family of Clutterbuck, 
Report on the Public Records, 
Gloucestershire Marriages, 1774- 

The Moustache and Beard in 

Yeaman's Family, 
The Family of Arrowsmith, 
Tetburyin 1779 and 1820, 
Old Magazine Extracts, 

Book Notices. 

London : SiMPKiN, MARSHALL, Hamilton, Kent & Co., Limited, 

23, Paternoster Row, E.C. 

Bristol: William George's Sons, and J. Fawn & Son. 

Gloucester : Davibs & Son. Stroud : John White. Cheltenham : Gastrell 8c Son. 

Cirencester: Baily & SoN. Dursley : Whitmore & Son. Tewkesbury: North. 

r^ -. 

Price IS. 6d. Annual Subscription^ 55. 6d. post free. 


1^^ The Editor greatly regrets the delay which has occurred in the issue of the 
present part. The next parts will be issued rapidly, and we anticipate recovering our 
normal date within the year. 

SUBSCRIPTIONS for 1893 ^re NOW DUE, and the amount, 5s. 6d. 
if not already paid, should be at once remitted to the Kditor, 124, Chancery Lane, 
London, by means of a Postal Order payable at Chancery Lane. Stamps should not be 

^jg Subscribers are requested to enclose their names and addresses when forwarding 
their subscriptions. This very necessary precaution has been omitted in more than one 

CONTRIBUTIONS relating to the district, whether literary or artistic, are 
invited from all who are interested in Gloucestershire. The Editor will welcome any 
notes, queries, or replies, and any photographs and sketches relating to the district. 

Contributions'Bhould, as far as possible, consist of original matter only. 

All communications should be accompanied by the name and address of the writer. 
The signatures of contributors are appended, unless a wish to the contrary may have 
been expressed. 

i^f Correspondents are requested not to make use of any contractions in their tran- 
scripts except when such occur m the originals, and to write only on one side of the 
paper. Names of persons and places shoiSd be very distinctly written. 

Ri^VIEWS. — Books, pamphlets, etc., hearing on the district, or subjects con- 
nected therewith, sent for review, will receive due attention. 

BINDING. — The binder is requested, in arranging the illustrations of Vol. I., to 
attend to the directions given for his guidance, p. xvi. •• Bishop John Talbot's Monu- 
ment "will be iound in Part VI., and the "Map of the County of Gloucester" and 
" Over Bridge " in Part XI. 

Special covers for the volumes have not been provided, the matter of binding being 
left to the taste of each subscriber. 

BACK PARTS. — Vol. I. being out of print, copies can be supplied only as they 
may turn up for sale from time to time, and then only to purchasers of sets. A liberal 
price will be paid for copies of Vol. I. Vol II., comprising Parts XIII. -XXIV., can be 
procured from the Editor until further notice, price l8s., or by post, i8s. 6d. Vol. III., 
comprising Parts XXV-XXXVI., price 15s., or by post, 15s. M. Vol. IV., comprising 
Parts XXXVII-XLVIII., price 15s., or by post, 15s. 6d. If taken together, a 
set of all the volumes in print will be supplied, carnage paid, for 7\oo Guineas. 

INDEX TO VOLUME IV.— In reply to enouiries, the Editor begs to wy that 
the index to Vol. IV. was prepared and printed under the directions of Mr. Slacker's 
representatives. Copies were sent to all known subscribers, but those who may not have 
received the index should address— G. A. W. Blacker, Esq., 21, King Square, Bristol. 


S. Barnsley, Esq., Ewen, Cirencester, 

F. H. A. Clayton, Esq., R.N., 8, South Parade. Clifton. Brist* 

Rev. \V. T. Dover, Rodmarton Rectory, Cirencester. 

R. W. K. Goddard, Esq., 133, Denmark Hill, S.E. 

Major-General H. F. Waddington, 14 Upper Phil 

Kensington, W. 
Edwin E. Yearsley, Esq., Mltcheldean, Glos. 



Tow>JSEND, Leonard Stanley. 

^ .x.«-V*^- 

Peck Street House, King Stanley. 


s ^l'~^ ^^ 


Notes and Queries. 

Uley Old Church. 

IN a previous number we were able to give a view of the old 
church at Uley, taken shortly before its demolition, and 
reference was made on page 104 ante, to a rough sketch of it 
from another point of view. The original of this we have since 


402 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

learned was a pencil sketch made by Mr. B. W. Leach, of Uley, 
and by his courtesy it is here reproduced. Some additional 
particulars have been collected since the publication of our 
former article. 

This drawing, it will be seen, shows the south side of the 
Church, and the reader will readily notice how much the old 
building had been pulled about. There were three external 
staircases leading to the galleries ; one at the west end of the 
nave, of this, only the back can be seen in the engraving. 
Another, east of the porch, led to a gallery on the south side of 
the nave ; and a third to the gallery, erected by the Rev. W. LI. 
Baker, for the use of Stoutshill, when he enlarged the chancel. 
Over the porch, as at Cam, was a parvise, in which vestiy meetings 
were held. It was a very small room, with a fire-place in the 
north-eastern comer, which more often than not, to the dis- 
comfort of the village fathers when in council assembled, was 
apt to smoke. The entrance to the parvise was by an external 
staircase, which evidently was of modem construction. The 
nave was remarkable for its width ; there was no aisle, and the 
wide coved ceiling was a noticeable feature of the interior. 
Whether there ever existed an aisle seems doubtful; one, 
however, was erected at the building of the present church. As 
we have already said, there was a gallery at the west end, 
extending the whole width of the nave, and another against the 
south wall of the nave. In this the organ was placed, though 
this was afterwards removed, and fixed on the ground, near the 
schoolchildren's seats. The Stoutshill gallery was in the modem 
addition to the south side of the chancel, which was erected by 
Mr. Baker early in this century. It did not improve the appear- 
ance of the church, but in those days architecture was little 
regarded, and Mr. Baker was perhaps in advance of his time in 
adding to the church at all. In this addition, under the 
Stoutshill gallery, were placed the seats for the schoolchildren, 
as Mr. Baker was desirous that they should have good places. 

The pulpit occupied the position it now does against the 
north wall of the nave, and the font, like its successor, was at 
the entrance to the tower. The remains of this old font are 
still in Uley churchyard. It is an octagonal basin, twenty-three 
inches across, inside measurement; its inside depth is eight 
inches, but outside it is eleven inclusive ; there is a fillet round 
the upper edge, and on each face of the octagon are two 
shallow plain-pointed arches. No fragment of the stem remains. 


Uley Old Church. 403 

The addition of the Stoutshill enlargement of the chancel, it 
is said, rendered the church in plan an oblong, with a tower on 
the north, and a porch on the south. As to the chapel of St. 
Godbold, which was early appropriated by the Bassett family as 
their burying place, and hence known as Bassett's chapel, no 
tradition remains, and it is uncertain if it was pulled down, or if 
it formed the northern part of the chancel shown in the photo- 
graph of the exterior [see p. 103, ante\. It may be that it was 
only a small portion of the chancel screened off to form a 
chapel, and not an annexed building with a separate roof. 
However this may be, every trace of it seem to have been swept 
away before the end of the last century, and with it the 
monuments of the Bassetts, for it is singular that no reference 
to them occurs in Bigland's Collections, although Atkyns, who 
wrote some 70 or 80 years earlier, specifically mentions a 
sixteenth -century monument belonging to the family, and we 
know from their wills that others must have been erected 

The Stoutshill aisle was separated from the chancel by three 
or four pillars, and the communion table was placed in the old 
or north part of the chancel. Anciently there were many 
monuments and inscribed floor stones in the church. None of 
the latter, and only a few of the former have been preserved. 
Many were doubtless destroyed prior to the re-building, but 
more must have disappeared at the demolition of the old church. 
The monument of John Eyles, " the first that ever made Spanish 
cloth in this parish," formerly was on the south wall of the nave, 
and informed the reader that his remains lay behind it. Some 
fifty years ago it was removed, and fixed near the pulpit against 
the south wall. At the re-building, it was fixed against the west 
wall of the tower, high up, and almost out of sight. The few 
other monuments which have escaped destruction, like the Eyles 
tablet, are now in the tower, hidden away in deference to a 
sentiment which seems to stigmatize the existence of tablets on 
the walls of a church, commemorative of the departed, as a kind 
of desecration, and a species of dishonour to the house of God. 

This mistaken feeling, fostered in great measure we suspect 
by architects, who dread the introduction of anything likely to 
clash with the style of their own designs, has led in recent 
years to many of our churches resembling what some with much 
reason have satirically called ecclesiastical barns, which contain 
nothing, after they have been denuded of plaster and monuments, 

404 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

to relieve the cold bareness in many instances of mere pointed 
rubble walls. The pious commemoration of the dead should be 
encouraged, and this can scarcely be done more appropriately 
than in the church which is constantly filled with worshippers to 
whom often the tablets on the walls must prove veritable 
"sermons in stones." That good taste and propriety have 
before now been violated in foolish laudatory epitaphs is true, 
but that is no sufficient reason for that wholesale destruction of 
the monuments of the dead, which has taken place during the 
last half century. The walls of Uley church now appear 
singularly bare, and since its rebuilding, no monuments have 
been placed within it save two or three small brasses, and three 
or four stained glass windows. 

Frocestcr Marriage Reg:isters, 1559-1800 (cmHnued), 

Jeremie Wettmoor et maria Addams, desp.. May 16 [? 1643.] 
Tho. Browning et Eliza Longford desp. ultimo die May. 
Guill Marling et Eliz., des., October [? 4] 

Incip annus 1645. 
Guill Marling Jun' etEditha Wilkins, des., Aprill 7<> 1645. 
[fol. 65, among burials, 1645.] 
Thomas browning was married June 25. 
Garrat harmor was married May 18. 
[fol. 48.] 
Johannes Watkins et Eliza Adams desp. 23® Septembris. 

Incipit annus 1646. 
Walter Beard et Charity Huntley wid. desp. 14"* May. 
Incipit ann's 1647. 

[fol. 49.] 
Mauritius Bendall et Sarah Coles, desponsat decimo die, 
Februari 1647. 

Richard Coles and maria Ferebe, desp., Juli 19®. 
Gualterus Pritchard and Eliza Midlmore, desp., Juli 21®. 
Incipit annus 1652. 

[fo. so.] 
Georgius Smyth de Ebly in parochia de stonehouse, et 
Margareta de Cham, despons., Martii 17**. 
Incipit Annus 1653. 

Frocester Marriage Registers 405 

Thomas Munday et Hanna Parker de Came despons. April 
II* A* 1653. 

Daniel Waite et Cicilia tobbins [? Jobbins] de Nibley 
septentrional! despons. Septemb. 28 A^' 1653. 

William Heaven ye Sonne of Richard Heaven yeoman, and 
Margerie his wife was married unto Edith Herrod ye 
daughter of John Herrod yeoman and Edith his wife of 
ye parish of Slimbridge this present 26 day of Januarie, 
Ao 1653. 

Thomas Audley, Register. 

John Taylor ye son of Thomas Taylor yeoman, and Margerie 
his wife was joine in marriage unto Abigail, ye daughter of 
Christopher Adams Daryman and Agnes, his wife, all of the 
Parish of Frocester this eleventh day of Septemb., A* 1 654. 

Thomas Audley Regs. 

Edward Cowles of this Parish broadweaver et Susanna Veisy 
of Estington were married April 16 A" 1655. 

John Fesser junior ye sonne of John Fesser ye elder widdower 
was joyned in marriage unto Sarah Pegler an orphan both 
of ye parish of Froceter this eighteenth day of October A' 

John Adams et Deborah Marling were married Novemb. 
8. 1655. 

Anno Domini 1665 

William Heyward de parochia de Stonehouse et Maria Nurse 

de parochia de Froc : desponsati octa. die Februarij. 
James Eiles et Joane heaven rid desponsati Feb. 26. 
[on a piece of parchment numbered 36. h.] 
Sponsali Ann. Dom. 1670 
Thomas Cumeck desp. oct 2 die 
Guilimus Chapman Nov. 7. 

We now give a list of all the marriages comprised in Vol. H. 
of the Registers. 

[P- 37-] 

i68i. John Condell and Mary Fessar, 28 Feb. 

1682. Richard Wilkins and Anne Zelly, 2 Oct. 
i68|. John Fessar and Sarah Harman, 12 Jan. 

1683. Joseph French and Edith Haven, 7 June. 

1684. James Wilkins and Frances Hicks, 3 Apr. 

1685. None. 

1686. John Flower and Maria Couls, 10 July. 

„ Richard Horston and Sarah Smith, 31 July. 
„ Thomas Wilkins and Mary Williams, 7 Sept. 

4o6 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

[p. 38.] 
168^. John Cambe [or lambe] and Sarah Pegler, 4 Feb. 
1687. John Clarke and Sarah Ady, 12 Sept. 
[ 1 688-1693 wanting.] 

1694. William Wood and Elizabeth Wilkins, 23 Apr. 
„ John Merrott and Hannah Cowley, 8 Oct. 

1695. John Heaven and Maria Chapman, 28 March. 
„ Richard Drew, and Maria Wilkins, 15 July. 

„ John Dudbridge and Anne Holliday, 30 July. 

„ Hezekiah Ellotts and Elizabeth Harmer, 22 Aug. 

1 696. Thomas Fryer and Judith Wetmore, 24 April. 
„ Samuel Stiff and Maria Trotman, 4 May. 

1696. Thomas Guy and Elizabeth Nurse, i June. 

1697. William Guy and Elizabeth Mills, 26 Sept. 

1698. John Wetmore and Anne Wilkinson, 28 April. 

„ John Collins, weaver, and Jane Kingscott, 17 Nov. 

1699. John Flatcher, weaver, and Maria Rogers, 23 May. 

„ John Mallet, "operarius'* and Hannah Barber, 22 June. 

„ Charles Fereby, "pistor," and Sarah Adams, 25 June. 

„ John Smith and Margaret Barron, 25 Jan. 

1700. Michaell Smith and Judith Fryer, 10 Apr. 

" ex'* p. R.D." 

„ James Cowley and Sarah [a gap] de Eastington, 9 May. 

„ Thomas Tyndall and Sarah Collins, 4 June. 

„ Richard Houell [or Horrell] and Joanna Fords, 1 1 Aug. 

„ Samuell Rickets and Elisabeth Wilkins, 10 Oct. 

1703. Samuell Niblett and Elisabeth Fereby, 4 Apr. 
„ John Werry and Joanna Wilkins, 13 June. 

[P- 39.] 

1704. Richard Heaven and Mary Elford, 28 Sept. 

„ Edward Price, "operarius," and Elizabeth Cowles, 

4 Apr. 
„ Anthony Cross and Deborah Cowles, eodem die. 
„ John Clowdesley, de Minchin Hampton, and Elizabeth 

Bamwood, de Avening, 25 Dec. 

1705. George Perkins and Margaret Pedglar, 22 July. 
„ William Davis and Elizabeth Howell, i Oct. 

„ Robert Adeane, yeoman, and Joanna Driver, de Aure, 
21 Nov. 

1706. John Heskins and Eleanora Smith, 20 Apr. 
„ Samuell Cross and Mary Flower, 22 Sept. 

„ Anthony Cross and Sarah Heaven, 28 Sept. 

Frocester Marriage Registers. 407 

1706. John Brown, de Aw, and Elizabeth Thomas, 17 Feb. 

1707. Thomas Gunn and Anne Clift, de Cham, 20 Nov. 
„ Charles Weston and Jane Webbe, 18 Dec. 

1708. John Collins and Elisabeth Teale, 6 Apr. 

„ Daniell Browning and Elisabeth Heaven, 15 July. 

„ John Wetmore and Sarah Eliott, 8 Nov. 

„ John Snell and Elizabeth Parke de Wheatenhurst 1 9 Jan. 

1709. William Cowley and Hannah Souls, 24 Apr. 
„ Joseph French and Sarah Marlin, 26 Apr. 

„ Richard Whittard and Elizabeth Pegler, of Cowley^ 
28 Apr. 

„ John Hedges, of Leonard Stanley, and Rebecca Wilkins, 
8 Sep. 

1710. James Parker and Elizabeth Knight, of Wheatenhurst, 

13 Apr. 

„ Thomas Longen, of the city of Gloucester, and Mary 

„ Edward Saniger, of Cham, and Mary Heaven, of 
Leonard Stanley, 15 Aug. 

„ Daniel Jones, of Eastington, and Francis Bailey, of 

Wheatenhurst, 8 Oct. 
„ James Crofts and Sarah Wilkins, 1 1 Feb. 

171 1. John Heaven and Sarah Crump, als. Brewer, 8 July. 
„ Samuell Cross and Margaret Dowsell, 23 July. 

„ Robert Beard, of Arlingham, and Hester Wilkins, 4 Oct. 
„ John Wilkins and Joanna Elberton, of Wheatenhurst, 

II Oct. 
„ William Eskeredge, of Moreton Valence, and Rebeckah 

Ellis, of Minchin-hampton, 22 Dec. 

17 1 3. Richard Webb and Ursula Chapman, 27 Apr. 
„ William Heskins and Margaret Perkins, 1 3 Sep. 
„ Nathaniel Haynes and Sarah Marlin, eodem die. 
„ Simon Neal and Anna Elliotts, 2 Nov. 

1 7 14. Samuell Browning and Dinah Nelms, 29 March. 

„ Abraham French, of Uley, and Elizabeth Blanch, 1 7 May. 

„ Samuel Heaven and Maria Gabb, 20>May. 

,. James Budding, of Avening, and Hester Clutterbuck, 

of Wheatenhurst, 24 July. 
„ William Moody and Elisabeth Perry, 9 Sept. 
„ Samuell Woodman and Dinah Heaven, 30 Sept. 
„ Samuell Haines, of Standish, and Anne Hewlet, of 

Wheatenhurst, 5 Oct. 
„ Arthur Horwood and Ujsula Field, of Slymbridge. 

4o8 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, 


1715. Jonathan Fords, of Cowley, and Sarah Nelm, 24 Apr. 
„ Nathaniell Body and Susan Bishop, of Easting ton, 1 7 May 
„ William Keen and Mary Beard, of Wheatenhurst, 21 

„ John Holyday and Elisabeth Cumock, 4 Dec. 
„ John Roberts and Elizabeth Nurse, 14 Feb. 

1 7 1 6. Richard Raynolds, of King Stanley, and Mary Nurse, 

2 Apr. 
„ John Lloyd and Mary Werry, 8 Apr. 
„ John Cham, of Cowley, and Annie Wilkins, 9 July. 
„ James Croft and Sarah Wintle, of Eastington, 9 Oct. 
„ Ephraim Chamer of Stroud and Hannah Heaven of 

Froces^er, 16 Feb. 

1 7 1 7 . Thomas Clutterbuck and Elisabeth Denton of Wheaten- 

hurst, 9 Aug. 

1718. Richard Wood of Cham and Mary Butcher, 30 June. 
„ John Cross and Mary Oliver, 30 Sep. 

1719. Luke Farmer of Standish and Anne Haines of 

Wheatenhurst, 7 June. 
„ Jeremiah Wilkins and Jane Welsteed, 13 July. 
,, William Veysey of Arlingham and Edith Clutterbuck of 

Wheatenhurst, 19*** July. 
„ Thomas Willis and Sarah Heaven, 19 Sep. 
„ Samuel Cross and Susannah Hide, 6 Oct. 
„ Richard Teekle of Eastington and Sarah Browning, 

7 Nov. 

1 72 1. Thomas Browning and Elisabeth Cob, 26 Dec. 

„ Philip Shepherd Rector of Minchinhampton and Mary 
Knight of Frocester, 4 Jan. 

1722. John Beard and Mazy Summers, 26 Mar. 

[P- 42]. 
„ John Smyth of Hamstead and Margery Heaven, 26 Apr. 
„ Richard Smith of Horsley and Anne Price, 5 Aug. 

1723. Daniell Tyndall of Cham and Margaret Daw, 16 Apr. 
„ Nathaniel Heaven and Anne Clark, 18 Apr. 

„ James Waterson and Anne Werry, 26 Sept. 

„ John Flatcher and Mary Watkins, 8 Oct. 

„ Robert Mason and Hannah Wilkins, 24 Oct. 

„ William GofF and Sarah Beard, 26 Dec. 

„ Stephen Wheeler and Mary Styles, 4 Jan. 

1724. John Osburn and Elisabeth Roberts, 2 May. 
„ Robert Collins and Elisabeth Hulings, 8 June. 

FrocesUr Marriage Registers. 409 

1724. William Browning of Frampton and Joanna Pitt, i Oct. 
„ Charles Wiles cind Maria Dimock, 15 Nov. 

1725. William Daw and Sarah Peglar, 22 Apr. 
„ John Peace and Sarah Hadnock, 28 Sept. 
„ William Woodman and Anne Soul, 6 Oct. 

1726. William Wilkins and Martha Bayley, 8 Feb* 

1727. Thomas Cowles and Edith Wilkins, 8 May. 
„ John Cratchley and Anne Heaven, 20 Aug. 

[P- 43.] 
„ Thomas Chamberlain and Ursula Wilkins, 4 Feb. 
„ John Davies and Edith Browning, 14 Mar. 

1728. Richard Gunter and Martha Fords, 24 Dec. 

1729. Nov. 10, Joseph French and Elizabeth Clark. 

1730. Mar. 31, Daniel Budding, of Leonard Stanley, and 

May Stephens. 
„ Mar. 31, Edward Marling and Elizabeth Nurse. 
„ Apr. 21, Leonard Knowle, of Minchin-Hampton, and 

Sarah Gisbum, of Eastington. 
„ Mar. 15, John Wilkins, of Frethom, and Anne Griffin, 

of Froster. 

1 73 1. May II, John Adams, of Minchin Hampton, and 

Esther Nurse. 
„ June 6, John Lusty, of King's Stanley, and Martha 

Burforcf, of Nimpsfield. 
„ Aug. 14, Robert Young, of Painswick, and Eleanor 

Knowles, of Easington. 
„ Nov. 2, John Price and Elizabeth Parslow. 
„ Dec. 31, Joseph Parry and Esther Estcourte, of 


1732. Apr. 9, Abel Bushel and Hannah Guy, of Nimpsfield. 
„ Apr. 24, William Dunn, of Saul, and Elizabeth Webb, 

of Woodchester. 
„ Oct. I, James Richardson, of Stratton, and Jane Butt, 

of Leonard Stanley. 
„ Oct. 8, Samuel Cross, of Cowley, and Mary Planten, 

of Froster. 
„ Nov. 5, Samuel Taintey of Kings Stanley and Sarah 


1733. May 15, William Hurcombe of Froster and Mary 

Underwood of Berkeley. 
„ Oct. 28, Hale Browning of Woodchester and Susanna 

1734. Aug. II, Stephen Dangerfield of King Stanley and 

Mary Wilkins of Froster. 

4 lO Gloucestershire Notes and Queries 

[p. 4+]. 

1734. Aug. 14, Andrew Fletcher and Martha Wilkins. 

„ Nov. 4, John Marlin of Woodchester and Hannah 

„ Jan. 8, Daniel Hoskins and Sarah Bennett. 
„ Mar. 2, John Mills of Nimpsfield and Elizabeth 


1735. Apr. 2, Richard Cross of Cowley and Hannah Niblett. 
„ Sept. 23, Samuel Wilkins and Olive Wilkins. 

„ Dec. 23, Jeremiah Parslow of Cowley and Sarah Parslow. 
„ „ 27, Henry Marlin and Mary Davis of Nimphsfield. 

„ Feb. 2» Samuel Cross and Anne Merrick. 
» >f 16, John Tudor of Slimbridge and Sarah Nurse. 

„ Mar. 5, Daniel Neal of Avening and Abigail lies. 

1736. Aug. 2, Jacob Heaven and Sarah Cowley. 

1737. April 14, Giles Heaven and Sarah Fords. 

,, June 1 3, Ralph Bigland of the city of London & Anne 

[He was subsequently Garter King of Arms and is 
buried in Gloucester Cathedral]. 
M July 31, William Clark of Leonard Stanley and Sarah 

1738. Apr. 27, William Nurdin of Leonard Stanley and 

Elizabeth Davis. 
„ Nov. 12, Richard Heaven and Hannah Beard. 
„ Jan. 5, Edward Wilkins and Deborah Wilkins. 
„ Mar. 22, Matthew Smith of Dursley and Elizabeth 

Pope of Cam. 

1739. Oct. 2, Henry Hill, of Uley and Mary Wathen. 

1740. Apr. 21, George Nurse and Sarah Neale. 

M July 29, Thomas Davis and Eleanor Harris, of 

[P- 4S]- 
„ Feb. 2. John Webb and Mary Guy of Nimphsfield. 
„ „ 4, Samuel Pumell of Uley and Elizabeth Wilkins. 

1742. June 24, Thomas Lewis of Kingswood and Anne 

„ Aug. 7, Robert Collins and Mary Parslow. 
„ „ 14, George Wilstead of Slimbridge & Sarah 


1743. June 9, Daniel Neal and Hannah Cowley. 

, Sept. 26, Christopher Sayer of Seven Stoke, Wore. & 
Elizabeth Banister. 

Frocester Marriage Registers. 411 

1743. Dec. 1, John Wetmore and Anne Hoskins. 

„ „ 18, Job Brown of Nimphsfield and Mary Cross. 

„ „ 29, William Clark of the city of Gloucester and 

Anne Davis, of the same. 

1744. Mar. 26, Thomas Cave of Kings Stanley and Mary 


„ Mar. 28, John Wetmore jun. & Elizabeth Pumell. 

„ „ 29, Matthew Craft & Dorcas Woodman. 

„ „ „ William Wilkins & Mary Cross. 

„ June II, Samuel Woodman, & Esther Cross. 

„ July 4, Joseph Jones of Coaley and Hannah Heaven. 

,, Aug. 20, Samuel Cross sen' & Sarah Harris. 

„ Oct. 25, Samuel Heaven & Anne Davis. 

1745. Apr. 21. Samuel Bendall & Sarah Cross. 
„ Aug. 27, Thomas Heaven & Alice Bubb. 

„ Jan. I, John Parsloe, of Leonard Stanley & Martha 

[p. 46]. 

1746. Nov. 6, Gilbert Jones of Newent and Elizabeth Cole. 
„ Dec. 1 1, Miles Oatridge of Coaley & Sarah Wilkins. 

1747. July 20, John Price and Sarah Cross. 

I, Dec. 26, John Marlin of Nimphsfield and Elizabeth 
Cumming of Uley. 

1748. May 24, Daniel Marlin and Alice Collins. 

„ June 25, Richard Marlin of Hardwick and Hannah 

„ Aug. I, John Wood and Margaret Gingell. 
„ Sept. 29, William Collins and Rebecca Jenkins. 
„ Feb. 3. Arthur Pepson of Bristol and Elizabeth Wilkins. 

1749. Apr. 1, Nathaniel Greening of Saul and Elizabeth 

„ Nov. 14, John Hobbs, of Kings Stanley and Elizabeth 

„ Dec. 30, John Haines of Easington & Sarah Smith. 
„ Feb. 5, William Williams of Ruardean & Mary Parsloe. 

1750. Apr. 30, Giles Parsloe & Esther Sparrow. 

„ May 1 3, Samuel Woodman & Anne Brewer. 

„ July 3, Samuel Nurse & Sarah Collins. 

„ Sept. 16, John Rudge of the city of Gloucester & 

Betty Gardiner. 
„ Feb. 18, John Bamfield of Tiddenham & Anne Ford 

of Chepstow. 

1751. Apr. 28, William Lane of the city of Gloucester & 

Sarah Bams. 

414 Glaucestershtre Notes and Queries. 

In 1872 it was my lot to discover a portion of the wall of the 
city under the premises belonging to Eastgate House. No one 
supposed at that time that this wall was older than the Norman 
time ; but when all along a line of some 40 feet in length, a 
heap of remains was found, in which every object was Roman, 
it became pretty clear that the wall itself must be also a Roman 
one. Brevity compels me to pass over the several links of 
evidence by which this was finally completely proved, as well as 
the various steps taken to trace out the whole line of the wall. 
It is enough to say that these occupied some two years ; when 
the Ordnance Survey sent an officer specially to examine it, and 
had it recorded carefully on the large scale map of the city. 

The details of this were given in the Transactions of the 
Cotswold Club; and a copy of the paper containing them 
happened to come into the hands of Dr. Hiibner, of Berlin 
(now Baron Hiibner), who is the foremost authority in the world 
upon Roman antiquities. His acquaintance with these is almost 
incredible. He has published several folio volumes of inscrip- 
tions from the Roman period, in different countries, and the 
seventh volume is entirely devoted to Britain. There is not a 
fragment of stone or a broken slab that has lettering on it — there 
is not even a piece of brick or a bit of wall plaster on which a 
scratch appears that was meant for a letter, found anywhere or 
at any time in this country, which he has not recorded and tried 
to give the meaning of. To a man of such vast special know- 
ledge, the very simplest items carry some information: and 
Dr. Hiibner, taking up the discovery of this wall of Gloucester, 
and the area enclosed by it, showed that it exactly supplied a 
lost link in the Roman History of Britain. Every German is a 
soldier as well as a civilian, and Dr. H.'s military knowledge 
came in to supplement his antiquarian research. He took up 
point after point in the history that is left to us of the invasian 
under Claudius in the summer of the year 43, and elucidated 
these by inscriptions on stones found at Winchester, at Chester, 
and at Lincoln, until he proved which of the legions were sent 
over here, where they were stationed, and which of them 
founded the garrison and built the temples that adorned this 
city eighteen hundred years ago. To follow these details would 
carry us too far for the columns of the GlouceUer Journal — at any 
rate in a mere sketch like this — but suffice it to say that Vespasian 
with the second Augustan legion, of which he was the com- 
mander, landed first on the Isle of Wight and then on the 

Gloucester City Wall. 415 

Dorsetshire shore, whence he marched to this district. At 
Cirencester the natives submitted to him, and he left a garrison 
among them, marching down the Cotswolds and crossing the 
Severn ; when after fighting a decisive battle about Newnham, 
he came to Gloucester and sketched out the lines of what are 
now our four main streets, and built the wall of which I am 
writing. No town in cireat Britain has a longer or more splendid 
history, for this wall of Gloucester was built not later than the 
year 50 of the Christian era, while London was still an open and 
unfortified spot. It was in this district along the banks of the 
broad Severn and in the Forest of Dean that Vespasian and his 
son Titus, who was only a boy at the time, learned the practice 
of war, that in years after made them the conquerors of Judea. 
It was on this plain, and on these Cotswolds and Forest hills 
that Titus learned the craft of the soldier which carried him 
successfully through the siege of Jerusalem ; and as the great 
army corps — ^the second legion, in which his father had been 
trained, was first stationed in this city, it was made what the 
Romans called a colony ; that is, it had the powers and privileges 
conferred upon it that belonged to Rome itself. The paid-off 
soldiers of the legion had lands allotted them outside the town, 
and their children were ** free " men of the Roman empire, in 
exactly the same position as the Apostle Paul was when he 
claimed that he was " free bom," and therefore not liable to 
punishments (without a formal trial) to which the merely 
conquered people of the several countries forming the empire 
were subject. 

With this history the Roman remains of Gloucester are 
connected, and above all of them the wall of the city. I feel 
sure that no one realising this will be indifferent to the preser- 
vation of every fragment of it for the Wall of Gloucester, as the 
oldest of all in this island is of an interest and value beyond 
those of any other vestiges of the Roman Empire in Britain. 

John Bellows. 

Leonard Stanley Bells.— By the kindness of Mr. Denison 
Jones we are enabled to give our readers an exact transcript of 
the deed by which in 1538 the Abbot of Gloucester made over 
the four bells and clock in the Priory Church to the parishioners. 
It will be noticed that a very large sum, ;f 30, was paid to the 
Abbot, This document is written upon a small piece of parch- 

4i6 GloTicestershire Notes and Queries. 

ment, and is in perfect preservation, save that unfortunately the 
Abbot's seal of office has been broken off. 

"Be it knowen unto all people by these presentes that I 
William, Abbot of the monastry of Seynt Petre in Gloucester, 
have received at the day of makyng of these presentes of John 
Stradlyng, gent.. Richard Selwyn, Robert Partridge, & John 
Towson, clothyers, in the name and for the hole parishioners 
of Stanley, within the Countie of Gloucester, xxx. pounds of 
lawfull money of England to the use and behalf of the 
monastry aforesaid, in a full contentment & paymente for iiij 
bellys & a clock, late called the pryory bellys & clock of Stanley 
aforesaid, upon a clere bargayn & sale by me, the said Abbot, 
to the use abovesaid, to the parishoners aforesaid, for the said 
sume of xxx. pounds made. Of the whych xxx. pounds I, the 
said Abbot, knowledgeth me to be truly contented and payd, and 
and thereof the said John Stradlyng, Richard Selwyn, Robert 
Partridge, & John Towson, & all other, the parishioners afore- 
said by these do discharge and acquite. In witness whereof I, 
the said Abbot, the Scale of ofFyce to these presentes have 
putte. Gyvyn at Gloucester the iiij*** day of November, the 
yeare of the reigne of our Sovereign lord, King Henry the eight, 
the thirtyth." [1538I. 


A Bristol Beggar of the last century.— John Watkins, 
known by the name of Black John, died January 17th, 1759, at 
Bristol, aged 78. On his being prevented from possessing an 
estate in Gloucestershire, to which he is said to have been heir, 
he made a vow never to be shaved, which he kept to his death, 
and a little before his exit, desired he might not be shaven. He 
was a beggar for about fifty years last past, and often lodged in 
a glass house, though he had a room in the city, in which two 
hundred weight of silver and halfpence, and a considerable 
quantity of gold, was found, all acquired by begging. 


Gloucestershire Wills (Continued), 

John Braynty of Newent, gentleman. Dated 10 May, 1599; 

prob. P.C.C. by Thomas White, notary public for Anne the 

relict, 18 August, 1599 [P.C.C, Kidd, 65]. For repairing 

church, 3s. 4d. ; to poor of Newent, 40s. ; to wife, Anne, half 


Gloucestershire Wills. 417 

household goods and plate, which was bought from Marten, and 
the use of the other moiety for life, and after her death, to son 
Richard, and in the event of his death, to his children, " if it 
please her;" to son Richard, "impliments of husbandry, six 
oxen, now at Mote house, four kine, and forty wethers, twenty 
young shepe, and twenty yewes ; " to wife, during her life, the 
houses and orchards which I bought of Richard Nelme and 
Christopher Doune, she paying all chief rents to the Queen, 
after her death to son Richard and his heirs. Being bound to 
make wife a jointure of ;^2o a year, I give in lieu thereof the 
mill called Cleeve's Mill, and all the grounds belonging to the 
same. If she dies before the expiration of the lease granted by 
Sir Edward Wynter, then son Richard to have it. To her also 
the profits of the lease granted to Christopher Doune by Andrew 
Doune, for many years yet to come, in consideration of ;^ioo, 
which I am to pay her, and at her death, to son ; to Bridget 
Bridgeman, my cousen, two yewcs, and a heyfer to breede her a 
cowe ; to Giles Brayne, 20s. ; to s. Richard, the leases of Smith- 
fielde, which I took of Mr. Arthur Porter. Residue to wife. 
Overseers — ^Thomas Brayne and William Brayne, my cousens, and 
William Hitchcock, my brother-in-law. 

William Brayne^ of Little Deane, in the county of Gloucester, 
gentleman, dated 24 Feb., 1620, and acknowledged 27 March, 
1 62 1, in the presence of John Wilse, clerk. 

To Ketford Brayne, the son and heir apparent of my son 
Thomas Brayne,^ these standerds in and about my house 
hereafter named — viz. — all my armoure and weapons whatsoever 
to continue and remaine in my house, both for his father's use 
during his life to serve the King withal, and also to continue 
hereafter to the same use ; to him also the must mill, &c. ; also 
one standinge bedstede, being in the chamber where my 
daughter in law lieth. 

To Maud, the wife of Thomas Perrin,^ in regard of her long 
service.... silver.... English money, to be paid within 12 
months of her death. 

To Sir William Brayne,^ wearing apparel. Residue to bt 
equally divided between two drs., Anne Brayne and Ursula, wife 
of Henrie Constance. 

Notes to will of William Brayne, taken from the commission of array of 
the Forest of Dean, in 1608. 

1. Thomas Braine, gent., aged about 20, of the lowest stature. 

2. Thomas Penin, labourer, about 40, of the tallest stature, fit for a 

3. William Brayne, gent., about 20, of the lowest stature. 



4i8 Gloucestershire Notes aiid Queries, 

And whereas I have made a deed of feofment unto 
Firdinando Stratford, and Giles Foster, esquires, and Richard 
Brayne, gentleman, to collect and gather up certain sums of 
money not exceeding ;^2oo out of certain lease lands in Little 
Deane, which money I have reserved to bequeath by my last will ; 
Henrie Constance having had £\oo in respect of his marriage 
with dau. Ursula, dau. Anne is to have ;^ioo, but with proviso, 
that if son, Thomas Brayne shall pay dau. Anne, three score 
pounds in two years after my decease, then the guift of ;^ioo 
shall cease. Dau. Anne Brayne, to be sole executrix. 
Witnesses, Henry Milton,* Adam Holiday,^ and Jone Rock. 

Prob. Glouc, 24 April, 162. .[? i]. 

Ketford Brayne^ of Howie, in the parish of Walford, in the 
county of Hereford, gentleman ; dated i December, 1 705 ; prob. 
to Lettice Brayne, the relict, P.C.C. 22 May, 1706. [Eedes, 102]. 

To wife Lettice Brayne, all lands and tenements in Little Deane, 
in the county of Gloucester (some part whereof was sometime 
since mortgaged by me to William Phelps, deceased, and are now 
charged with ;^9oo principal moneys). 

To sister-in-law, Mrs. Margaret Yeme, ;^ioo; to brother, 
Richard Brayne, ;^20 ; to brother, William Brayne, 40s. Wife 
to be sole executrix. 

Brother in law, Edward Yeme, of Howie, gentleman, and 
William Lewis, of Rosse, gentleman, to be overseers. 

Witnesses — Dorothy Yeme, Richard Grenway, and Edward 

Communication between London and Gloucestershire 

in 1810. 

IN the publication known as " Tegg's new Picture of London " 
for the year 1 8 10, there are several lists relating to the times 
and starting places of mail coaches, carriers, and vessels, leaving 
London for different parts of the Kingdom. 

Coaches carrying mails for Gloucestershire, started from ** the 
Golden Cross," Charing Cross, for Oxford, Gloucester, and 
Hereford ; 
From the Angel, St. Clement's — Gloucester and Cheltenham. 
From the Swan, Lad Lane — Bristol and Milford Haven." 

4. Henry Mylton, carpenter, about 40, middle stature, and a trayned soldyer. 

5. Addam Holliday, about 40, middle stature, and a trayned soldyer. 



« b 


c .5 o ^ »^ S O 

.t: S -2 8 « o o c 


The Smyths of Nibley. 

AT the present time there are residing in Virginia, U.S.A., 
the representatives of a family named Smith, who claim 
to be descended from, or a close connection with Smyth of 
Nibley, co. Gloucester. The precise link in this connexion is 
unfortunately wanting in proof, but that the claim is based upon 
a fairly substantial foundation will be evident from the following 

The founder of the American line was one Richard Smith or 
Smythe, of whom the following has been ascertained. He was 
born in Gloucestershire, about the year 1596, emigrated to 
Plymouth Colony before 1638, was a freeman of Taunton, in 
that colony, in 1640, settled at Mespath, afterwards Newtown, 
on Long Island, in 1642, signed Articles of Peace with the 
Indians, Aug. 30, 1645, as one of the "Eightmen" or Council, 
bought a large tract of land, in Narragansett in 1641, and a lot 
on East River, Manhattan Island, July 4, 1645, sold a house and 
lot in Manhattan, Aug. 15, 165 1. In an Indian deed dated Oct. 
15, 1662, he calls himself then "about the age of 66 years," by 
which we arrive at the approximate year of his birth. His will 
is dated July 14, 1664, wherein he is styled "Richard Smith, of 
Wickford, in the Narragansett Country in New England, yeoman.** 
It was proved Aug. 22, 1666, and mentions the following issue: 
sons — Richard Smith, jun', James Smith ; daughters — ^Elizabeth, 
wife of John Viall, Joan, wife of Thomas Neuton, and Catherine, 
wife of Gilbert Updike. 

Richard Smith's connection with Gloucestershire thus appears ; 

I. In a petition of the inhabitants of Narragansett to the 
King, dated July 29, 1679, one of the petitioners being Richard 
Smith, jun', it is stated, "About 42 years since, the father of 
one of your petitioners, namely, Richard Smith, deceased, sold 
his possessions in Gloucestershire, and came into New England, 
began the first settlement of the Narragansett Country (then 
living at Taunton, in the Colony of New Plymouth), and erected 
a trading house on the same tract of land where now his son, 
Richard Smith, inhabits." Much the same testimony, but of a 
somewhat earlier date is given by Roger Williams, the founder 
of the Colony of Rhode Island, who asserts that his friend, 

Tlu Smyths of Nibley. 421 

Richard Smith, "for conscience sake, lefl fair possessions in 
Gloucestershire, and adventured with his relatives in New 

2. Richard Smith, jun% then Major and Chief Commander of 
His Majest/s Militia, wrote on Oct. 22, 1669, from his home in 
Naragansett, to his " unkell, William Barton, Morton, Gloucester- 
shire," in which he desires to be remembered to his aunt (name 
indistinct, but looks like Toland), and mentions the letter as 
being sent by John Sunderland. His " cousin, Ester Smith," 
sends her love to her uncle. He hopes to come to England in 
a year or two, when his business can safely be left. 

3. Major Richard Smith in Dec, 1674, writes to "the 
Worshipfull John Smith," at Nibley, Gloucestershire, in which 
he alludes to the latter's kindness to him in all his troubles, and 
especially in some business transaction which Smith attended to 
for him. 

Both the foregoing letters were found among the family papers 
of the Smiths of Nibley. 

Turning now to the pedigree of Smith of Nibley, as given in 
the Visitation of Gloucestershire, 1625 (Harl. Sec. Vol.), we find 
that William Smith of Humberstone, co. Lincoln, had two sons, 
I — "Richard Smith, eldest sonne," who "had issue;" and 2 — 
Thomas Smith, of Hooby, co. Leicester, the father of John 
Smith the first, of Nibley, the well known historian of the 
Berkeleys. The pedigree of the eldest son, Richard, is not 
carried out, and it is suggested that the elder Richard Smith, of 
Narragansett, was the son of this Richard, and thus, cousin of 
the second John Smith, of Nibley, who died in 1692. 

There is evidence that John Smith, of Nibley, the historian, 
was interested in the Colony of Virginia. From Alex. Brown's 
Genesis of the United States (Vol II., 1005, et seqj, we learn that 
as early as 161 2, he invested fifty shillings in the lottery for 
Virginia, and some time after subscribed towards a colledge to 
be erected there. In 1 6 1 8 he thought of making a plantation in 
Virginia, and for that purpose formed a partnership with Sir W. 
Throckmorton, Sir George Yardley, Richard Berkeley, and 
George Thorpe. The partners sent "the Margaret," of Bristol, 
loaded with emigrants and supplies to their plantation, " Berkeley 
Town and hundred," Sept. 16, 1619. John Smith was an active 
member and a regular attendant on the Courts of the Virginia 
Co. from 1621 to 1623, and on April 12, 1621, at a Virginia 
Court, he proposed "to have a fair and perspicuous history 


422 Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 

compiled of that Country from her first discovery to this day." 
He appears to have retained his interests in Virginia mitil his 
death in 1641. 

Any further light upon the points here set forth will be 
acceptable. I may add that for many of the foregoing facts I 
am indebted to an American correspondent. 

There must be many Smiths who descend from this family, if 
we may judge from the pedigrees recorded in the visitations, 
though it would obviously be difilcult, not to say impossible, to 
trace them. 

Leigh, Lancashire. W. D. PiNK. 

The origin of this family is not at present known beyond 
William Smith, the grandfather of John Smyth, the antiquary. 
It is stated that he was of Humberston, Lincolnshire, but when 
we remember that there is also a Humberstone in Leicestershire, 
it seems at least probable that " Line." is a clerical error for 
" Leic." It is unknown how John Smyth obtained his intro- 
duction to the Berkeley family, which afterwards proved so 
advantageous to both, but we may suggest that it may have been 
due to his acquaintance with the Leicestershire baronets of that 
name. It is a matter for regret that no account of his family 
from Smyth's own pen is known to be extant, as such would 
certainly have been of no small interest. 

John Smyth's fourth son was George Smith, of Twickenham, 
Middlesex, M.D., who bought Topcroft in Norfolk. His grand- 
son, George, was sheriff of Norfolk, in 1735, and the pedigree 
is continued to the latter's son, William, in Fenner and Metcalfs 
edition of the Visitation of Gloucestershire, 1682-3. In answer 
to my inquiry, a Norfolk antiquary tells me that the Smiths 
owned Topcroft Hall and considerable property in that parish 
and Cringleford, until about 30 years ago, when the last 
representative, the Rev. — Smith, allowed much of the property 
to pass into the hands of persons surrounding him, and that 
after his death, his heir, a Mr. Bodkin, commenced litigation to 
recover the property thus alienated, which resulted in a com- 
promise. Nothing is now left of the Smiths in Topcroft, except 
a communion cup, presented by one of the family, and the 
monuments and escutcheons in the church. 

W. P. W. P. 


A Jewish Tragedy at Gloucester in 1220. 

IN the year 1 220 — nowsome six hundred and seventyyears ago— 
a serious commotion arose among the Jews then residing in 
Gloucester, occasioned by a feud existing between the heads of 
two families, one named Abr. Gabbay, and the other Solomon 
Turbe. In the disputes which took place between these two 
men, the wife of the latter made herself active and prominent. 
The first intimation of the dissension between these two parties 
is found in a record declaring that, in the spring term of 1220,' 
Abraham Gabbay appeared before the justices assigned to the 
Jews at Westminster, and laid a complaint that Turbe had 
grievously wounded him, contrary to the peace of " Our Lord, 
the King." He mentions that he is prepared to prove his plaint 
in the fashion then current between Jew and Jew. The Justices 
finding good reason to assent to application, ordered him to 
appear on the isth day of Trinity Term to prosecute the charge, 
and in order to insure his appearance, bound him over in good 
securities to appear on the day named. His securities were men 
well known at the time, named respectively, Abraham of Warwick, 
Benedict, his brother-in-law, Samuel Comec, and Isaac of Paris. 
Meanwhile, instructions were dispatched to the Sheriff of 
Gloucester to take Turbe into custody, and to produce him at 
Westminster on the day abovementioned. 

It seems that in the interim, Gabbay had incurred the dis^ 
pleasure of the authorities, and he was also consigned to durance 
vile in Gloucester Castle, where he lay in great agony from the 
wounds inflicted on him. Not content to abide the decision of 
the justices at Westminster, he contemplated a fearful act of 
vengance upon his opponent ; and pursuance of his^ design, so 
won over the Sheriff and his myrmidons, that very soon, 
Comitissa, the wife of his enemy, found herself imprisoned in 
the same castle, brought there on some foul accusation trumped 
up by Gabbay. While in the castle, thds lady became privy to 
certain overtures which she alledged passed between Gabbay and 
the jailers, whom he had bribed te get rid of her husband 
previous to the day of trial. She said that she was prepared to 
attest by an oath taken on the Jewish Roll, "The Sepher Torah^^ 
that she had overheard a conversation between Gabbay and the 
gaolers, in accordance with which he promised them the sum of 
ten marks if they would undertake to throw her husband off the 

424 Gloucestershire Notes and Qturus. 

walls of the castle, and then declare that he had taken the leap 
of his own will. When questioned by the Court what steps she 
had taken to avert the calamity from her husband, she stated 
that the moment she escaped from prison she had proceeded to 
London, and obtained an audience with three of the greatest 
Jews of the time, viz., Alexander of Dorset, Isaac of Norwich, 
and Elias Martin. Before she could return to Gloucester, the 
revengeful machinations of Gabbay had been carried out. The 
latter defended himself from the accusation, stating that he had 
never compassed the death of Turbe, nor was he in any way 
implicated in the affair. He further stated that on the day of 
the occurence he was in Hereford, and knew nothing of the 
matter till he was informed of it. In reply to this, Comitissa 
urged that his being in Hereford was a portion of his manoeuvres, 
as she had heard him explicitly say that he would take care to be 
out of the way on the day on which the crime was to be com- 
mitted. The Judges thereupon ordered a further delay, and 
commanded the Sheriff of Gloucester to produce in due course 
the jailers who were suspected of the murder. 

Another person now appears on the scene. One Isaac was 
likewise suspected of joining the confederacy against Turbe, and 
being required by the Justices to afford them some explanation, 
he deposed that from the time he left London, not a word had 
passed between him and Turbe up to the day when he was 
summoned by the Sheriff of Gloucester to view the tortured man 
lying on the flags. The Sheriff had accused him of implication, 
but there was no foundation for such a charge. A kinswoman of 
his, named Mirabile, had offered the Sheriff the sum of three 
bezants to allow her to see Turbe after the occurrence, and to 
ascertain whether Isaac was accused or not. In the presence of 
the Sheriff, Turbe had asserted Isaac was blameless. When a 
sure appearance of death had set in, the Sheriff had enquired of 
the dying man whether he should send for some Jews to assist 
the sufferer in making his will. Not only on that occasion had 
Isaac been summoned among the witnesses to the will, but the 
dying man had declared in his last moments, that he would be 
indebted to him for avenging his death. As the breath departed 
out of his body, he accused Gabbay only of being privy to his 

The devoted wife of Turbe, now aided by her associate, Isaac 
of Gloucester, resolved to bring matters to an issue. The 
former, in her agony of despair, seems to have thrown her 


A Jewish Tragedy at Gloucester i?i 1220. 425 

accusations about broadcast. Among others, she accused the 
Sheriff of Gloucester of being an accessory to the murder of 
her husband, a charge which he most stoutly denied. In 
repelling the accusation, he produced in Court the depositions 
of several gentlemen, who, together with him, were witnesses of 
the catastrophe, and were prepared to give their version of what 
had occurred. These witnesses circumstantially deposed that, 
being in company with the Sheriff, they were proceeding to the 
Castle, when all of a sudden, they witnessed some object fall 
from the immense height of the tower. They rushed forward, 
and there found a croud of persons, both Jews and Christians, 
surrounding the man below. They inquired of him whether he 
had leapt of his own accord, and he replied in the affirmative, 
saying, that King Saul had killed himself, and thus saved himself 
from ulterior consequences, and that he had imitated him. At 
this juncture, he had not accused anyone of an act of murder. 
As soon as his wife Comitissa had arrived on the scene, he had 
turned savagely on her, exclaiming, "Be gone! it was your 
advice that has killed me." This occurred on a Friday. On the 
following day, the Sheriff sent the constable and the Coroner to 
Turbe, with a view of asking his dying deposition, and in the 
agonies of death, he accused Gabbay, and him only, of 
compassing his death. The witnesses declared their conviction, 
that despite this charge, they were of opinion that no bribery had 
taken place, and that the deed was purely personal on the part 
of the dying man. 

Other witnesses, this time certain Jews, viz.— Leo, Elias, and 
Abraham, all of Warwick, and Moses Ben Ac>^, who had acted 
as jurors, were interrogated by the Justices, and their depositions 
tallied in effect, with that of their Christian co-citizens. They 
also asserted their conviction that the act was spontaneous on 
the part of Turbe, and under these circumstances, all the accused 
were acquitted, and their securities discharged. 

From a careful examination of all the particulars, a good deal 
of suspicion lies at the door of Abraham Gabbay, who seems 
to have been a man of very violent temperament. His name 
again appears on the records two years later, when he was taken 
into custody at Bristol, at the instance of the Justices, under the 
charge of having murdered the sister of a Jew named Abraham 
Folet, but we have not been enabled as yet to ascertain the result 
of this accusation. 

M. D. Davis. 

The Family of Clutterbuck fContinuedj. 
We now revert to 

l^ VIII. Lewis Clutterbuck [son of Daniel, 1735, and 
Penelope Smith, 1766], of Widcome, Somerset, esq., town clerk 
of Bath, died 9 June, 1776, aged 58, buried at Claverton, m.i. ; 
his will proved P.C.C, 1776; mar. Elizabeth^ dau. of Thomas 
Price^ of Gloucester ; died 24 May, 1781, aged 68, and had issue, 

i. Lewis Clutterbuck, of whom next, 19. 

ii. yanus Clutterbuck died young, s.p. 

iii. Margaret marr. CadwaUader Phipps Coter, esq. 

iv. Penelope marr. Gilbert Becket Turner, esq. 

V. Sarah marr. Zachariah Bayley, esq. 

18 IX. Lewis Clutterbuck, clerk in holy orders, rector of 
Ozleworth, died 7 Aug., 1810, aged 57 ; marr. (i) at Hawkesbury, 
13 July, 1790, Catherine, dau. of H. Partridge, of Hilsley, esq., 
and by her had issue, 

i. Lewis Clutterbuck, of whom next, 19, 
He marr. (2), 1809, Frances, dau. of Edward Elton, of 
Marylebone, esq. ; died 1836, and had issue, 

ii. Sarah Frances, marr. (i) 28 April, 1829, Henry 
Edward Elton, esq., who died Feb., 1842, 
and (2) Thomas Davies Bayley, esq. 

19 X. Lewis Clutterbuck, of Newark Park, esq., J.P. and 
D.L., bap. at Ozleworth, 1794; died 3 April, i86i ; will proved 
P.C.C, 8 May, i86x ; marr., 18 19, Sarah, dau. of W. Balfour, 
of Edinburgh, esq., she died 19 July, 1867, and had issue, 

i. Lewis Balfour Clutterbuck, clerk in holy orders, 
rector of Doynton, bap. 1822; d. 1872, s.p. 

ii. James Edmund Clutterbuck, bom 1823, Surgeon- 
General H.M. Forces, served in 42 Regt. 
(black watch) in Ashantee war ; marr. and 
has issue, 

I. Catherine Annie, marr. 1 89 1, to Surgeon- 
Major Power, A.M.S. 

iii. William Clutterbuck, Col. 56 Regt., bom 1825 ; 
died 1890; marr. 1862, Maria Dance, dau. 
of Charlton Bayley, and had issue, 
I. William Clutterbuck. 

The Family of ClutUrbuck. 427 

2. Edmund Charlton Clutterbuck, derk in holy 

orders, B.A. Wadham College, Oxforcf, 

3. Catkins Nora. 

iv. Charles Francis Cluiierbuck^ clerk in holy orders, 
rector of Ozleworth, bom 1 826; died 1 884, s.p. 

V. John Balfour Cluiierbuck^ clerk in holy orders, 
bom 1851 ; St. Peter's Coll., Camb., B.A., 
1855; rector of Boxwell, w Leighterton, 
1857; niarr. 1863, Catherine, dau. of W. H. 
Creswell, of Pinckney Park, Wilts, esq., 
and has issue, 

1. Richard WiUmoU Balfour CluiUrbuch, 

bom 1867. 

2. Frances Catherine Balfour, 

3. Maud Eveline Balfour. 

4. Mabel Kathleen. 

We now revert to 

20 IV. Thomas Clutterbooke, of Horseley [son of Thomas 
3. III. (1614), and his third wife Bridgett Robbins], bap. at 
Leonard Stanley, 25, Feb., 1597, p.r. ; will dat. 1638, proved at 
Gloucester, 1641; mar. Elizabeth^ dau. of Jeremy J?fV)^ ; issue, 

21 V. Thomas Clotterbuck, of Stroud, gentleman; will 
dat. 20 Oct., 1679, proved P.C.C., i Dec, 1683; died 21 July, 
1683, aged 46; buried at Bisley, m.i. ; mar. Elizabeth, dau, of 
Thomas Freame, of Lypiatt, bu. 22 June, 1701 ; they had issue : 

i. Freame Clutterbuck, of Stroud, bap. there, 14 
June, 1670, p.r.; bu. there 21 Aug., 1725, 
p.r. ; mar. Ann, dau. of Francis Simms, of 
Kempsett, Oxon., and had issue, 

Freame Clutterbuck^ bap. at Stroud, 5 Jan., 
1709; bn. 18 July, 171 1, p.8. 8.p. 

ii. Thomas Clutterbuck, bap. at Stroud, 2 Aug., 
1671 ; bu. there 4 Feb., 1687, s.p. 

iii. Samuel Clutterbuck, bu. at Bisley, 25 Feb., 

1738, aged 61; mar. Bridget, dau. of.... 

Michel, 22 Jan., 1705, at Woodchester; she 

bu. at Bisley, 9 ApL, 1752, p.r.; issue, 

yames Clutterbuck, bap. 12 Aug., 1711, bn. 13 

Mar., 1780, 8.p. 
Thomas Clutterbuck, died 14 March, 171 5, 
aged 8. 

iv. Elizabeth, bap. at Stroud, 20 April, 1679, p.r.; 
? buried there 9 July, 1685. 

428 Gloucestershire Notes and. Queries. 

Report on the Public Records (continued fron p. 321 j. 

A VOLUME, being an index to Wills and Administrations, 
beginning in the year 1702 and ending in the year 1715. 
Another .. .. from 1716 to 1731. 

Another .. .. „ 1732 to 1748. 

Another .. .. „ 1748 to 1764. 

Another .. .. „ 1765 to 1777. 

Another . . . . „ 1778 to 1794. 

Another . . . . „ 1795 to present time 

[i>. 1 80 1.] 
All the original wills and acts of administrations and bonds to 
which the above indexes refer. 

Thirty volumes of copies of original wills from 1683 to 1798. 
N.B. A person is now employed in copying the remainder to 
this time. 

A book of Institutions and Subscriptions by Clergymen to 
benefices, from 1551 to 1556. 

Another . from the year 1662 to 1680. 

Another .. „ „ i> 1625 to 1689. 

Another .. i> „ >» 1674 to 1724. 

Another .. „ „ » 1715 to 1719. 

Another .. ,» „ » 1715 to 1721. 

Another .. 1, „ >» 1724 to 179 . 

In the last book are also contained the subscriptions by 
surgeons, schoolmasters, registrars, chancellors, and proctors. 

A book containing an account of ordinations of clergymen, 
confirmations of seats in churches, sequestrations of benefices, 
faculties for building seats and other particulars, certificates, etc., 
beginning with 1683 and ending 1709. 

Another beginning with 1 709 and ending 1720. 
Another „ „ 1700 „ „ 1731. 

Another containing institutions and benefices, 

faculties, sequestrations, benefices, certificates for 
places of divine worship, and of benefices, the hon. 
barons of the exchequer, beginning 1731 and 
ending 1754. 
Another beginning 1753 and ending 1784. 
Another ,> 1784 to present time 

[i>. 1801.] 
N.B. The other subscription books from 1769 to the 
present time [1801] are with the bishop of Gloucester. 


Public Records, 429 

A book of muniments in which are entered copies of Chan- 
cellors' and Registrars' patents of office and appointments — 
also copy of King George I.'s declaration concerning ecclesiastical 
livings in his own gift — copies of deeds of exchange, and copies 
of other things of ecclesiastical cognizance from 171 1 to 1797. 

Several bundles of writings in parchment and paper, containing 
terriers respecting the glebe lands, tythes, and charitable gifts 
relative to 192 parishes in the diocese of Gloucester. 

A catalogue of books left by the will of Dr. Craister to the 
Vicar of Newent for ever. 

Gloucestershire Marriages 1774-1776. 

From the Universal Magazine from July, 1774, to December, 
1776. (inclusive). 
Richard Eavis Esq' of Rowell, Gloucestershire to Miss 

Southwell, of Ashley, Worcestershire September 1774 
Charles Tyrrel Morgan Esq' to Miss Raymond of Fairford 

Gloucestershire September 1774 

Francis Reynolds Esq' brother to Lord Ducie to Miss Provis 

of Bryanston Street October 1774 

Rev. M. Raikes, Fellow of St. John's College Cambridge to 

Miss Mee of Gloucester January 1775 

Richard Crowch (sic) Esq' of Tytherington to Miss Swanton 

of Devizes February 1775 

Comet Smith, of the 3"* regiment of Dragoons to Miss Ball 

of Stonehouse Gloucestershire February 1775 

Brackley Kennet Esq' of PaJl mall to M" Smith near 

Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. May 1775 

Henry Creswick Esq' of Hanham Court Gloucestershire to 

Miss Dickenson June 1775 

John Hawker Esq' of Dudbridge to Miss Clutterbuck of 

Kingstanley June 1775 

Robert Gorges Robyns Yate Esq' of Bomsberrow JPlace 

Gloucestershire to Miss Honeywood daughter of William 

Honeywood Esq' late of Mailing Abbey Kent August 1775 
Right Worshipful Charles Hotchkin, Mayor of the City of 

Bristol, to M** Fisher of the same place August 1775 
Cap* Wade to Miss Forsythe of Bristol Aug^ 1775 

John Gardner Esq' of Sanshaw to Miss Kinchant of Stone- 
house Octobeer 1775 
John Bettesworth Esq' of East Hyde Bedfordshire to Miss 

Reynolds sister to Lord Ducie December 1775 

430 Glotuestershire Notes and Queries 

Right Hon. the Marquis of Granby to the Right Hon. Lady 
Mary Isabella Somerset youngest sister to the Duke of 
Beaufort December 1775 

William Gibson Esq' of Bristol to Miss Simpson of Cheapside 

January 1776 

Benjamin Luscombe Esq' of Bristol to Miss Cooper Sep* 1776 

Rev M' Tarn of Queen's College Oxford to Miss Brookes of 
Westcot September 1776 

Rev M' Ellis of Stroud Gloucestershire to Miss Allen of 
Rodborough Septembe