(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Gloucestershire notes and queries; an illustrated quarterly magazine devoted to the history and antiquities of Gloucestershire"

anil dbnmra, 



EDITED BY THE 



REV. BEAVEE H. BLACKEE, M.A, 



" Vires acquirit eundo" 

" It is not without pleasure, and perchance it may not be without 
use, that we rescue some quaint old document from the dust of ages; 
and that we arrest the floating memories of men and things, as they 
pass down the stream of time toward the ocean of oblivion" 



VOL. III. 



LONDON : 
WM. KENT & Co., 23, PATERNOSTER Row, E.C. 

BRISTOL : WILLIAM GEORGE'S SONS, AND J. FAWN & SON ; GLOUCESTER : DAVIES & Sow 

CHELTENHAM : GASTRELL & SON ; CIRENCESTER : BAILY & SON ; 

DURSLEY : WHITMORE & SON ; TEWKESBTJRY : NORTH. 

1887. 
[Entered at Stationers' Hall.} 




1,10 



JOHN WHITE, 

Typographical Music and General Printer, 




23, George Street, Stroud, Gloucestershire. 



PKEFACE. 



Another volume having been brought to a happy conclusion, the 
Editor has the pleasing duty of thanking his numerous corres- 
pondents for their kind and welcome contributions. How far the 
work has fulfilled its object, is left to others to determine. No 
exertions upon his part have been spared ; and with such co-oper- 
ation as heretofore, he feels assured that Gloucestershire Notes and 
Queries will prove to be, " not a mere temporary vehicle of 
amusement, but a permanent storehouse of authentic information, 
to which reference may hereafter be confidently made." 

As a frontispiece to the present volume, a good steel engraving 
of Sir Matthew Hale is prefixed ; and who more suitable for the 
purpose? If any one does not know why such a selection has been 
made, a reference to vol. i., p. 47, is strongly recommended. Funds, 
as may be seen, have not been wasted on " illustrations " of an 
inferior character, but much more usefully applied. 

In a work of the kind, containing names and dates almost 
innumerable, it is by no means easy to be always accurate. Great 
care, however, has been taken to secure that most desirable quality; 
and if any inaccuracies, literal or verbal, or worse, which have 
escaped the Editor's detection, may have been noticed by others, 
he will be very thankful for the information. A list of " Corrigenda 
et Addenda " is given for the benefit of the reader. 

With thankfulness for the past, and with hope for the future, 
the fourth volume will commence with the coming year ; and as 
sundry improvements (the result of nine years' experience) are 
contemplated, there is good reason to believe that it will be found 
not less worthy than its predecessors of liberal and appreciating 
support. 

BEAVER H. BLACKER. 
26, Meridian Place, 

Clifton, Bristol, 

October 1st, 1887. 



CORKIGENDA ET ADDENDA. 



P. I, line 25, for rigorous read vigorous. 

101, ,, 14, the reference is to St. George's, Kings-wood. 

118, ,, 13 from bottom, for Mays read Mars ; and the same in the 
next line. 

,, 1 20, ,, 4, strike out High, the proper designation of this high county 
functionary being Sheriff. 

167, ,, 5, for John Hopkins read William Bird, who held the office of 
mayor for the year commencing September 29, 1589. 

,,231, ,, II, for History read Memoir. 

256, ,, 9 from bottom, for 1639 read 1640; and in the last line for 
1670. Feb. 16. read 1672-3, Feb. 10. 

2 57> 7> f r 1634 read 1684 ; the same in the next line ; 1. 9, for 1634- 
Sept. 4 read 1684. Dec. 4; 1. 12, for 1637 read 1638 ; and 
1. 15, for 1 702 read 1 703. 

285, 2 from bottom, insert an asterisk before Obv. ; and the same in 
the next page, 1. 18. 

2 99> 9 from bottom, for G.C.D. read G.T.D. 
,,303, 28, for ^. T. Tuckett read ^. ^. Tuckett. 
,, 382, ,, 12 from bottom, for Pickel read Pichel. 

383* 7> for Picheve read Pichene ; and in the next line for Pincheve 
read Pinchene. 

401, ,, 13 from bottom, for Jf69S read 1665. 

,,418, ,, ii from bottom, for Twhynyho read T-wynyho. 

462, ,, 14 from bottom, for Cockread read Cockroad ; and 1. 7, for 

y. . read J. Z. 
,,516, 15, for little read ri/A*. 

5 6 4> 13, strike out Q.C., which rank was not held so early as 1853 
by Mr. Bovill. 

5 6 5> 5 from bottom, for 16/ read 361. 



MOTTOES. 



" I do not applaud Mr. Milne's Description of the Parish of 
Melrose, as very intelligent or very correct, yet I wish that every 
minister would do as much for the history of his own parish." 

LORD HAILES. 

" Efjere fce of tfjem tfjat rjafce left a name fcefjmto tfjem, tfjat tfjeir 
praises migfjt foe reported." ECCLUS. xliv. 8. 

11 1 for my part venerate the inventor of indexes; and I know 
not to whom to yield the preference, either to Hippocrates, who was 
the first great anatomiser of the human body, or to that unknown 
labourer in literature who first laid open the nerves and arteries of 

a boojc " ISAAC DISRAELI. 

"It is' a reverend thing to see an ancient castle or building not in 
decay ; or to see a fair timber-tree sound and perfect ; how much 
more to behold an ancient noble family, which hath stood against 
the waves and weathers of time." BACON. 

" Bookes are a part of mans prerogative, 

Informall inke they thoughts and voyces hold, 
That we to them our solitude may give, 
And make time-present travell that of old. 
Our life, fame peeceth longer at the end, 
And bookes it farther backward doe extend" 

SIR THOMAS OVERBURY. 

" Prima est Historian lex, ne quid falsi dicere audeat ; deinde, ne 
quid verl non audeat ; ne qua suspicio gratice sit in scribendo, ne 
qua simultatis." CICERO. 

"'Tis opportune to look back upon old times, and contemplate our 
forefathers. Great examples grow thin, and to be fetched from the 
passed world." SlR THQMAS BRQWNE 

" These times are the ancient times, when the world is ancient, 
and not those which ice account ancient ordine retrograde, by a 
computation backward from ourselves." BACON 



MOTTOES. 



" We may correct, erroneous oft, 
The clock of history, facts and events 
Timing more punctual, unrecorded facts 
Recovering, and mis-stated setting right" 

COWPER. 

" Mihi quidem nulli satis eruditi videntur quibus nostra ignota sunt. " 

CICERO. 

" Content, if hence th' unlearn 'd their wants may view, 
The learn 1 d reflect on what before they knew." POPE 

" Where would have been the history, the art, the philosophy of 
the past ages, had there been no provident conservators, wise for all 
generations, to transmit these precious relics to their descendants ? " 

ALLIBONE. 

" Give no more to every guest 
Than he's able to digest ; 
Give him always of the prime, 
And but little at a time ; 
Carve to all but just enough, 
Let them neither starve nor stuff ; 
And that you may have your due, 
Let your neighbours carve for you." 

SWIFT. 

" A long line of ancestors is not to be contemned ; and yet there 
is no little truth in the remark of a celebrated man, himself a 
gentleman born, but with nothing of ' nobility, ,' that the difference 
between a man toith a long line of noble ancestors and an upstart is, 
that ' one knows for certain what the other conjectures as highly 
probable, that several of his forefathers deserved hanging.'" 

ABP. WHATELY. 

me, anfc fce not inrotfje, 
31 0peke notfygnrje but trotfje." 

WM. ROY, 1526. 

" They [local books'] may be made the vehicles of much general 
information, and such as is interesting to every reader of a liberal 
curiosity. What is local is often national." WHARTON. 

" The mere archaeologist, the mere genealogist, the mere antiquary, 
are not the parasites of historical study, as they are too often 
regarded by men ivho find it easier to borrow than to estimate the 



MOTTOES. Vii. 

results of their researches ; they are working bees in the hive of 
historic knowledge" p STUBBS. 

" Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few 
to be chewed and digested." BACON. 

"Books cannot always please, however good ; 
Minds are not ever craving for their food ." 

CEABBE. 

"If any apology for minuteness were necessary, it is furnished by 
Mr. Pope ; who observes, in a letter to Sir Richard Steele, that ' no 
errors are so trivial but they deserve to be mended:' a passage on 
which Bishop Lowth observes, that, 'whatever may be thought of 
the accuracy of the expression, the justness of the observation will be 
acknowledged: " J OHN N ICHO LS. 

" To make the past present, to bring the distant near, to place us 
in the society of a great man or on the eminence which overlooks the 
field of a mighty battle, to invest with the reality of human flesh 
and blood beings whom we are too much inclined to consider as 
personified qualities in an allegory, to call up our ancestors before us 
with all their peculiarities of language, manners, and garb, to show 
us over their houses, to seat us at their tables, to rummage their old- 
fashioned wardrobes, to explain the uses of their ponderous furniture 

parts of the duty which properly belongs to the 

historian." MACADLAY. 

" Veterrima quceque, ut ea vina quce vetuslatem ferunt, esse debent 
subvissima." CICERO. 

" Sweet then to us was that romantic band, 
The ancient legends of our native land." 

KIRKE WHITE. 

" Those who regret what our forerunners in antiquarian 
pursuits have left undone in forbearing to perpetuate manners and 
appearances, because they were familiar to themselves, may be the 
rather disposed to pardon ivJiat is now done, in order to impart to 
posterity many things which to us are present, and therefore uninter- 
esting, but without the help of the pen or the pencil would to them 
be irretrievably lost." WHITAKER. 

" Old customs ! oh ! I love the sound, 

However simple they may be : 
Whatever with time hath sanction found, 
7&' welcome, and is dear to me" 

CliARS. 



CONTENTS. 



NO. PAGE. 

1004. John of Marlborough, Walter of Pinchcomb, and St. Peter's 

Abbey, Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . . . I 

1005. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. IV : Horton . . . . 3 

1006. Subsidy Roll for Bisley, 1600 5 

1007. Briefs and Church Collections, 1702-3 6 

1008. The Cluiterbuck Family, of Stanley St. Leonards . . . . 6 

1009. Northleach Parish Church _ 9 

1010. John, Lord Chedworth : Monumental Inscriptions .. .. II 
ion. The Chatterton Family, of Bristol .. .. .. .. .. 12 

1012. Robert Southey and Franking 13 

1013. Cheltenham Theatre Royal. 1788 .. .. .. .. .. 14 

1014. Patrick Cotter O'Brien, the Giant .. .. .. .. .. 16 

1015. A Gloucester Ballad 16 

1016. Colonel Seymour .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 

1017. Hole Silver : Wake Silver .. .. .. .. .. .. 17 

1018. Dighton Queries .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 

1019. The Bishop of Gloucester and his Sugar-loaf . . . . . . 18 

1020. " Back," as used in Bristol .. .. .. .. .. .. 18 

1021. Strange Epitaph in Ashton-under-hill Church 20 

1022. Gloucester " saved from the King's mines " .. .. .. 20 

1023. Parliamentary Election for Gloucestershire, 1776 21 

1024. Sir Jonathan Trelawnv, Bart., D.D., Bishop of Bristol . . . . 22 

1025. Bristol, a " City of Charities " .. .. .. .. .. 24 

1026. Episcopal Licences to Midwives .. .. .. .. .. 27 

1027. " To burl," a provincialism .. .. .. .. .. .. 27 

1028. Crocket's Hole .. .. : 28 

1029. The Spire of the Church of St. Mary Redcliffe 28 

1030. The Ryland Family . . . . 30 

1031. The Porter Family, of Bristol : Monumental Inscriptions, etc. .. 30 

1032. Shakespeare and Gloucestershire .. .. .. .. ,. 34 

1033. Letter from William Penn to Sir Robert Southwell, 1677 . . 36 

1034. Longden Family, of Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . 36 

1035. Charles Gibbs, Parish Clerk of Matson, and his Predecessors . . 37 

1036. Sir John Hone, of Stroud 41 

1037. Death Rate in Marshfield Registration District .. .. .. 42 

1038. Derivation of " Avon " .. ., .. . .. .. 42 

1039. Remarkable Specimen of Shorthand Writing . . . . . . 42 

1040. Married Gloucestershire Clergy, 1554 42 

1041. Church Restoration .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 43 

1042. Gloucestershire and the Storm of November 26, 1703 .. .. 44 

1043. Girard de Eugina, Bailiff of Prestbury and Sevenhampton, 1290 49 

1044. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. V. : Iron Acton . . . . 51 

1045. The Leigh Family 55 

1046. Sir Baptist Hickes, first Viscount Campden 57 

1047. The Rev. Charles Penyston, A.M., Vicar of Sandhurst, 1687-8 58 

1048. The Porter Family, of Bristol 59 

1049. George Bull, D.D., and the Parish of Avening 61 

1050. On Copies of Monumental Inscriptions .. .. .. .. 66 

1051. The Twenty-eighth Regiment of Foot 66 

1052. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. VI : Pucklechurch . . 67 

1053. The Leigh Family 68 



CONTENTS. 



NO. 



PAGE. 



1054. Arlingham Church and its Breviary, A.D. 1470 . . . . . . 69 

1055. A Gloucestershire Custom . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 

1056. Curious Entry in Baunton Parish Register, 1646. . .. .. 71 

1057. The late Professor Buckman. . . . . . . . . . . . Ji 

1058. Edward Colston and his Hospital . . . . . . . . . . 72 

1059. Captain Peter Hogg, of Virginia 75 

1060. Brodhurst, or Broadhurst, Family . . . . . . . . . 75 

1061. Ichabod Walcott Chauncey . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 

1062. Three Field-Names, their Derivations 76 

1063. Alexander Hosea, of Wickwar .. .. .. .. .. 77 

1064. Oliver Cromwell's Landed Estates . . . . . . . . . . 79 

1065. Notes on the Parish of Wickwar 80 

1066. The Window Tax in Gloucester, 1771 84 

1067. The Healthiness of Hempstead . . . . . . . . . . 84 

1068. Short Notes on the Parish of Cromhall 85 

1069. Thomas James and John Hopkins, both of Bristol . . . . 85 

1070. The Bromesberrow Museum . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 

1071. " Translator " as applied to Trade .. .. .. .. .. 86 

1072. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. VII. : Quedgeley . . . . 87 

1073. Improvements in North Cerney Church, 1883 .. .. .. 91 

1074. Entries of Burial in the Register of Christ Church, Oxford . . 92 

1075. Brockthrop Taxpayers, 1327-1584 .. .. .. .. .. 92 

1076. The Berkeley Mitre 94 

1077. The Organ in Wotton-under-Edge Church . . . . . . 95 

1078. The Church of St. Philip and St. James, Leckhampton, Cheltenham 96 

1079. Gloucestershire Parish Registers, 1538-1812 (continued).. .. 97 

1080. Allotment of Pews in Hampnett Church, 1610 .. ,. .. 116 

1 08 1. Captain Samuel Sturmy's Bequest .. .. .. .. 116 

1082. Wheat Supply in 1796 117 

1083. The Wine of Gloucestershire 118 

1084. Jenner Family .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 118 

1085. Isaac James, Bookseller, etc. .. .. .. .. ..119 

1086. Ancient Vestments and Church Embroideries .. .. .. 119 

1087. Minchinhampton Queries .. .. .. .. .. ..119 

1088. William Dallaway, Esq., High Sheriff of Gloucestershire, 1776 120 

1089. The Tower of Swindon Church, near Cheltenham . . . . 120 

1090. Norwood Family, of Leckhampton .. .. .. .. .. 120 

1091. Saintbury Cross .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 120 

1092. Emyley, or Emlyn, Family .. .. .. .. .. ..121 

1093. Transmission of Freemen's Rights at Bristol 121 

1094. Ship-shape and Bristol fashion .. .. .. .. ..122 

1095. Robert Raikes, of Northampton . . . . . . . . . . 122 

1096. Sir William Hampton .. .. .. .. .. ..123 

1097. Humphrey Smith, Esq. .. .. .. .. .. ..123 

1098. Standfast's " Cordial Comforts " and its Author 123 

1099. Hour-glasses in Churches .. ., .. .. .. ..125 

noo. Henry Sampson, 1465 .. .. .. .. .. ..126 

noi. Turnpike Tolls in 1847 .. .. .. .. .. .. 126 

1102. The Moustache Movement .. .. .. .. .. .. 127 

1103. An Inscription in the Churchyard of St. Mary RedclifFe .. 127 

1104. The Population of Tetbury, 1737 127 

1105. Commission regarding Treasure found in Campden, 17 Edw. III. 128 

1106. William Vick's Bequest to Minchinhampton, 1754 .. .. 128 

1107. State of the Diocese of Gloucester in 1564 . . . . . . 128 

1108. The Study of Local History 129 

1109. Contentions between the Citizens of Gloucester and the Monks 

of St. Peter's Abbey 130 

i no. Recent Discoveries near Pen Park .. .. .. .. .. 134 

mi. Captain Henry Skillicome, of Cheltenham 135 



x CONTENTS. 

NO. PAGE ' 

1 1 12. Sudeley Castle in 1642 .. . . 136 

1113. The Destruction of Olveston Church Spire 137 

1 1 14! Some of the Clergy and the Revolution of 1688 140 

1115.' George West, Incumbent of Wickwar, 1515 140 

1116! A Censorship of the Press recommended by a Bristol Jury . . 140 

1117! Prison Life in Gloucester a Century Ago 141 

1 1 1 8. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. VII. : Quedgeley (continued) 141 

1119. The Rev. Henry Fowler, Rector of Minchinhampton, 1643 . . 146 

1120. Ellacombe's "Church Bells of Gloucestershire, "etc 148 

1 121. Local Use of the word " Pure " 149 

1 122. A Letter from Bishop Frampton to the Rev. John Kettlewell. . 149 

1123. Freeman Inscriptions, Hempsted and Bushley .. .. .. 150 

1124. Notes on the Parish of Wickwar (continued) 152 

1125. George Ridler in a new Capacity .. .. .. . .. 157 

1126. Rowland Hill and Dr. Jenner 157 

1127. Two old Bristol Advertisements 157 

1128. Bond of Inhabitants of Cirencester for Prosecution of Felons, 1774 I 5^ 

1129. The Paston Entries in the Horton Register .. .. .. 160 

1130. Lyde, Foster, and Adams Inscriptions, Stanton Drew . . . . 161 

1131. Octagonal Church Towers .. .. .. .. .. .. 163 

1132. Poor Rates in the Seventeenth Century 164 

1133. Strange Christian Name .. .. .. .. .. .. 164 

1134. Old Marriage Announcements .. .. .. .. .. 164 

II 35' Richard Ferris' Voyage from London to Bristol, 1590 .. .. 165 

1136. Notes on the Freeman Family, of Bushley, 1620-1700 .. .. 168 

1137. Gloucestershire Documents .. .. .. .. .. .. 170 

1138. Leper Hospitals .. .. . .. .. .. .. 170 

1139. " A Bristol Compliment " .. .. .. .. .. ..170 

1140. William Jennings, BD., Dean of Gloucester, 1541-65 .. .. 171 

1141. The Office of a Lay Dean .. .. .. .. .. .. 171 

1142. Thomas Pyrke, of Little Dean .. .. .. .. .. 171 

1143. A Brief for Thomas Sloper, of Hartpury, 1665 .. .. .. 171 

1144. Baldwin de Hodnett, 1217 .. .. .. .. .. .. 172 

1145. William Matthews and Mr. Dockett 172 

1146. Clock Motto at Tetbury .. 172 

1147. Curious Discovery of Pictures in Gloucester .. .. .. 172 

1148. Robert Raikes, of Northampton .. .. .. .. ..173 

1149. Cost of Living in 1643 .. .. .. . t .. .. 174 

1150. Lines on Stow-on-the- Wold .. .. .. .. 175 

1151. Harvest Weather in 1725 .. .. .. .. .. .. 175 

1152. The Smyth P^amily, of Ashton Court 175 

1153. Letter from Queen Elizabeth relative to Richd. Clutterbuck and 

Wm. Guise 177 

1154. The Emaciated Effigy of Abbot Wakeman 177 

1155. The College School Library, Gloucester 178 

1156. The Dedication of Ashleworth Church 178 

1157. Clifton One Hundred and Fifty Years Ago 179 

1158. A Bristol Worthy of the last Century 180 

1159. Ancient Breech-loading Cannon 180 

1160. Hawkesbury Parish Church 181 

1161. Old Tapestry Maps 183 

1162. Notes on the Parish of Wickwar (continued) 184 

1163. Early Theatrical Performance at Gloucester .. .. .. 190 

1164. James Bradley, D.D., and his "Astronomical Observations" .. 191 

1165. Peculiar Names of Places in Churchdown Parish 191 

1166. Miss Susanna Winkworth, of Clifton .. .. .. .,192 

1167. Bigland's " Gloucestershire Collections :" List of Plates .. 193 

1168. The Frere Family and Bitton .. .. .. .. .. 194 

1169. The Cann Family .. .. 194 



CONTENTS. XI. 

NO. PAGE. 

1170. The Newnham State Sword.. .. .. .. .. .. 195 

1171. Christopher Cole, of Cheltenham .. .. .. .. .. 195 

1172. The Theyer Family and MSS 195 

1173. The Rod way Family, of Rodborough 196 

1174. Wood's Copper Coinage, 1723 197 

1175. Shakespeare and Gloucestershire 197 

1176. A Gloucestershire Custom .. ., .. .. .. .. 197 

1177. Dame Alice Hampton .. .. .. .. .. .. 198 

1178. William Jennings, B.D., first Dean of Gloucester, 1541-65 .. 198 

1179. Tytherington Parish Church .. .. .. .. .. .. 198 

1180. Smyth Family: Extracts from Registers .. .. .. ..' 200 

1181. Roger Bacon, the Philosopher .. .. .. .. .. 201 

1182. Gloucester Cathedral and Welsh Ecclesiastical Patronage .. 203 

1183. Temple Gui ting Church 204 

1184. Notes on the Parish of Pitchcombe . . . . . . . . 205 

1185. A Strange Anachronism .. .. .. .. .. .. 209 

1186. Henry Bathurst, D.D., Bishop of Norwich .. .. .. 209 

1187. " Paul Pry," a Cheltenham Weekly Periodical 210 

1188. Robert Raikes, of Gloucester .. .. .. .. .. 210 

1189. Curious Inscription in Daglingworth Church .. .. .. 21 1 

1190. Index to Monumental Inscriptions : Cromhall .. .. .. 21 1 

1191. Extracts from the Campden Register of Burials, 1645 . . . . 213 

1192. Some Briefs and Collections in Croxall Church, Dio. Lichfield . . 213 
1103. Longden Family, of Gloucester .. .. .. .. .. 214 

1194. The Rev. Sir John Hobart Culme-Seymour, Bart., Canon of 

Gloucester .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 216 

1195. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. VII : Quedgeley (continued) 217 

1196. Discovery of a Saxon House at Deerhurst .. .. .. .. 221 

1197. Notes on Todenham Parish .. .. .. .. .. .. 222 

1198. Edward Fowler, D.D., Bishop of Gloucester: his Monumental 

Inscription . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225 

1199. Harward's Tewkesbury Chap-Books .. .. .. .. 226 

1200. Gloucestershire Folk-Lore . . . . . . . . . . . . 228 

1201. The Rev. Henry Thomas Ellacombe, M.A., F.S. A. .. .. 230 

1202. Thomas Parker, of Gloucester, Surgeon .. .. .. .. 231 

1203. Venetian Glass in England .. .. .. .. .. .. 232 

1204. " Hootings in Mickleton Wood " .. .. .. .. .. 232 

1205. The Heane Family .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 232 

1206. Thomas Test, or Teste, Chaplain of Wickwar . . . . . . 234 

1207. Redwood Family .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 234 

1208. Rent of Farms in 1736 234 

1209. Bristol and the Slave Trade, 1016-35 2 35 

1210. Bristol in 1777 235 

121 1. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. VIII. : Syston .. .. 236 

1212. Notes on the Parish of Pitchcombe (continued) .. .. .. 239 

1213. The Monument of John Thornborough, Bishop of Bristol, 1603-16 243 

1214. Longden Family, of Gloucester (continued) .. .. .. 244 

1215. Extracts from the Accounts of the Churchwardens of Eastington, 

1616-1756 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 246 

1216. Piff 'sElm, Boddington .. .. .. .. .. .. 254 

1217. The First Newspaper Article on Sunday Schools. . . . . . 255 

1218. The Arms of the Deanery of Bristol .. .. .. .. 255 

1219. Extracts from Parish Registers, No. IX. : Thornbury and Olveston 256 

1220. The Water Bounds of Bristol .. .. .. .. .. 257 

1221. Enlargement of Christ Church, Clifton .. .. .. .. 258 

1222. Randolph and Isham Families, of Virginia .. .. .. 259 

1223. The Rodway Family, of Rodborough .. .. .. .. 260 

1224. A Gloucestershire Discovery of the Seventeenth Century .. 261 

1225. Inscription over the door of Hernpsted Rectory .. .. .. 264 



jjj CONTENTS. 

NO. PAGE. 

1226. Relton's " Sketches of Churches : " Gloucestershire . . . . 264 

1227! Saxon Invasion of the Severn Valley 265 

1228. Chipping Campden: Inventory of Church Goods, 1627.. .. 267 

1229. Pitchcombe Register of Marriages, 1709-42 268 

1230. The Parish Church of Eastington .. 271 

1231. An old Poem on the Fairford Church Windows .. .. .. 273 

1232. Sir Fleetwood Dormer, of Arle Court .. .. .. .. 274 

1233. A Marvel at Tockington, in Olveston Parish 275 

1234. A Leak st pp ed b y a Fish 275 

1235. Rimmer's " Crosses of England :" Gloucestershire .. .. 276 

1236. Richard Cromwell's Visit to Bristol, 1658 276 

1237. Poll Tax (Parish of Cranham), temp. Rich. II. .. . . . . 277 

1238. The Will of Henry of Gloucester, A. D. 1332 278 

1239. "Journal of the British Archaeological Association : " Gloucester- 

shire Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 279 

1240. Local Use of the word " Pure " .. .. .. .. .-. 282 

1241. Wages in Gloucestershire in 1732 .. .. .. .. .. 283 

1242. Some Gloucestershire Tokens of the Seventeenth Century . . 284 

1243. Sundry old Gloucestershire Advertisements, 1731-33 .. .. 286 

1244. " Archasological Journal of the Institute:" Gloucestershire 

Papers 288 

1245. Icomb Place : Terrier, 1726.. .. .. .. .. .. 292 

1246. The Manor of Alveston . . . . . . . . . . . . 293 

1247. The Tetbury Horse-Races, 1716-20 296 

1248. The Blake Family 297 

1249. Cox Family, of Gloucester .. .. .. .. .. . . 299 

1250. An ancient Gloucestershire Custom . . . . . . . . . . 299 

1251. "As Mad as a Hatter" 300 

1252. Rights of the Duchy of Lancaster Tenants [ 300 

1253. " Redcross " Street, why so called ? .. .. .. .. 300 

1254. Thornbrough Family, of Gloucester, Worcester, and Wilts .' .' 301 

1255. Sparrow Family, of Gloucestershire .. .. .. .. 301 

1256. The Battle of Tevvkesbury and the Death of Edward Prince of 

Wales, 1471 .. .. .. .. .. .. 301 

1257. Discovery of a Saxon Chapel at Deerhurst . . . . \ . 303 

1258. Some Genealogical Queries .. .. .. .. . . , , 307 

1259. Extracts from Gloucestershire " Feet of Fines " . . 309 

1260. Walford's " Gilds of Gloucestershire " .. .. '. . '.'.311 

1261. The Barber Surgeons of Gloucester .. .. .. ..312 

1262. An Icarus of the last Century .. .. 312 

1263. The Berkeley Manuscripts .. .. .. .. 3^ 

1264. The Cowley, or Colley, Family .. .. *." .' ,\* 3^ 

1265. Two Early English Wills, 1420 and 1438 .. .. ." 317 

1266. The Restoration of Buckland Church .. .. 318 

1267. Poetical Entry in the Register of St. Nicholas', Bristol! ! 

1268. The Arms of the Seys Family 

1269. James Naylor, the Quaker 



1270. Some Genealogical Queries (continued) 

1271. Extracts from Gloucestershire " Feet of Fines " (continued) 

1272. Sundry old Gloucestershire Advertisements, 17 



321 
321 

322 

324 
325 

1273. The Last of the Gloucester Turnpikes"" ] ~' J ^ 

1274. List of Anglo-Saxon Charters, A.D. 680-824 331 

1275. Some Briefs and Collections in Stanton St. John Church, Dio. 

Oxford, 1664-1759 .. t< ' .,-., 

1276. Zouche's Poetical Description' of Bristol i6u ?ti 

1277. "The Blood of Hayles" 

1278. Epitaph on William Child, Doctor of Music 

1279. Strange Treatment of the Poor ^ 

1280. Edward Jenner, M.D., and the Freedom of' London " "336 



CONTENTS. Xlll. 
NO. PAGE. 

1281. Icomb Parish : List of Rectors .. .. .. .. .. 338 

1282. Inquisition of the Manor of Pucldechurch, A.D. 1189 .. .. 339 

1283. Awre Parish and " Sternhold and Hopkins " . . . . . . 341 

1284. The Martyrdom of Bishop Hooper . . . . . . . . . . 341 

1285. Berkeley Castle, circa A.D. 1 22 r 345 

1286. Gloucestershire Inquisitiones-post-Mortem . . . . . . 346 

1287. Thomas Lloyd, a Squire of the Seventeenth Century . . . . 348 

1288. Gloucestershire Genealogy .. .. .. .. .. .. 350 

1289. Major-General Richard Deane : his Parentage and Birthplace .. 351 

1290. Sir Edward Fytton, Bart., of Gawsworth, ob. 1643 353 

1291. " A Certificate Man " .. .. .. .. .. .. 354 

1292. Gift of Bibles by John Gary, of Bristol . . . . . . . . 355 

1293. A Gloucestershire Phenomenon .. .. .. .. .. 355 

1294. Who was St. Aldate ? .. .. .. .. .. .. 356 

1295. Cronebane Tokens of the last Century .. .. .. .. 356 

1296. MS. Register of Kingswood Abbey .. .. .. .. 356 

1297. A Tidal Phenomenon in 1764 .. .. .. .. .. 356 

1298. Alderman Aldworth and Giles Elbridge, of Bristol .. .. 356 

1299. George Berkeley, D.D., Lord Bishop of Cloyne .. .. .. 357 

1300. The Parker Family, of Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . 358 

1301. Redwood Family .. .. .. .. .. 358 

1302. King's Weston House, near Bristol . . . . . . . . 359 

1303. Turnpike Tolls in 1821 .. ., .. .. .. .. 360 

1304. The Achievement of Sir William Vernon Guise, Bart. . . . . 361 

1305. The Bristol Pillory, 1752 363 

1306. Wright's " Wanderings : " Forest of Dean . . . . . . 363 

1307. Notes on Vizard Family, of Dursley .. .. .. .. 363 

1308. Two Errors in Fosbrooke's " Gloucester " corrected . . . . 364 

1309. The Election of a Coroner in 1735 .. 364 

1310. Edward Strong, the Builder of St. Paul's Cathedral .. .. 365 

1311. A Tour in Gloucestershire, A.D. 1634 365 

1312. The Forest of Dean in 1735 .. .. .. .. .. .. 372 

1313. Cheltenham Waters Eighty Years Ago 373 

1314. Alveston Court .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 374 

1315. The old Colours of the Gloucestershire Regiment . . . . 374 

1316. Timothy Nourse's Bequest to the Bodleian Library . . . . 375 

1317. Extracts from Gloucestershire " Feet of Fines " (continued) .. 376 

1318. The Corporation Maces of Chipping Campden and Winchcombe 378 

1319. Henry Law, M. A., Dean of Gloucester .. ,. .. .. 381 

1320. Notes on the Parish of Pitchcombe (continued) 382 

1321. Tobacco Growing in Gloucestershire .. .. .. .. 387 

1322. Selections from the Calendars of State Papers (Domestic) . . 389 

1323. The Church Bells of Bristol, A.D. 1643 395 

1324. The Sketch-Book of Colonel Booth, R.E., 1783 395 

1325. "The Marvellous Boy" 396 

1326. Lieut.-Colonel John D. H. Stewart, C.M.G 396 

1327. Samuel Lucas, M.A., 1818-1868 396 

1328. Richard Smalbroke, D.D., Rector of Withington, 1719 .. 398 

1329. On Extracts from Gloucestershire " Feet of Fines " . . . . 399 

1330. Anglo-Saxon Charter : Dowdeswell . . . . . . . . 400 

1331. A " Daw "-stone, what is it ? .. .. .. .. .. 401 

1332. Izod, or Izard, Family, of Gloucestershire .. .. .. .. 401 

1333. The Rev. William Colbourn and " the Cobler of Gloucester " . . 401 

1334. "Jimmy Wood," of Gloucester .. .. .. .. .. 401 

1335. Randolph and Isham Families, of Virginia . . . . . . 402 

1336. "A Certificate Man" ..403 

1337. St. Aldate, Bishop of Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . 404 

1338. Mayo Family, of Tetbury 405 

1339. Siddington St. Mary: Will of Thomas Hollyday, A.D. 1545 .. 406 



CONTENTS. 

PAGE. 

Charlton Abbots : Will of Alice Mountaine, A.D. 1611 . . 407 

The Church of St. Philip and St. James, Up-Hatherley . . . . 408 

IU2. Francis Close, D.D., Dean of Carlisle 409 

IU3 Extracts from Parish Registers, No. X. : Bushley and Thornbury 410 

1344. The Sheriffs of Gloucestershire, 1779-1886 414 

J 345- The Corporation Maces of Berkeley and Wotton-under-Edge .. 417 

1346. Shipton Sollars Manor and Advowson 418 

1347. Tewkesbury History .. .. 419 

1348. Tewkesbury Rates and Taxes in 1826 . . . . . . . . 420 

1349. Two remarkable Dreams . . . . . . . . . . . . 420 

1350. A Turnspit Wheel at St. Briavel's Castle 421 

1351. Extracts from Gloucestershire "Feet of Fines" (continued) .. 422 

1352. Corn Measures in the last Century 424 

1353. Inscriptions in St. Mary's Cemetery, Cheltenham 425 

1354- Will of Thomas Vyner, D.D., Dean of Gloucester, 1673 43 2 

1355. Ralph Wallis, " the Cobler of Gloucester " 433 

1356. Jonathan Burre, M.A., 1691 435 

1357. " Memoirs of Eminent Persons connected with Bristol " . . 435 

1358. The Edye Family 435 

1359. Charles Ridley, of Pucldechurch . . . . . . . . . . 435 

1360. John Haynes and the Clothing Trade, 1707 436 

1361. Raymond Family .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 436 

1362. Capt. Crabbe, killed at the Siege of Bristol, where buried ? . . 436 

1363. Parish Cows .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 436 

1364. Huguenot and Flemish Settlers in Stroud Valley 437 

1365. " A Journal of the Siege of Gloucester " .. .. .. .. 437 

1366. Extracts from Records of St. Peter's Hospital, Bristol, 1698-1703 439 

1367. Dorney Family : Extracts from the Uley Registers . . . . 440 

1368. Parliamentary Elections in Past Times . . . . . . . . 442 

1369. The Hon. Randall Edward Sherbome Plunkett 444 

1370. The Gloucestershire Society in London . . , . . . . . 445 

1371. Restoration of Eastington Church .. .. .. .. .. 450 

1372. Bishop Fowler, of Gloucester : Monumental Inscription .. 452 

1373. John Foster, as he was to be seen at Bristol . . . . . . 453 

1374. Strange Adventures in the Life of a Clergyman . . . . . . 455 

1375. Dr. Grivell (Greville), of Gloucester: Extracts from Registers . . 459 

1376. The Rev. William Colbourn and " the Cobler of Gloucester" . . 459 

1377. The Gloucester Sheriffs' Account, 1714 .. .. .. .. 460 

1378. "Views of Sezincot," by Martin and Lewis 461 

1379. Parish Registers : a Good Warning . . . . . . . . 462 

1380. Levying Black-mail in Gloucestershire .. .. .. .. 462 

1381. Froucester: Ordination of Vicarage, A.D. 1225 462 

1382. "A true Relation" of the Siege of Gloucester . . . . . . 464 

1383. Selections from the Calendars of State Papers, Domestic (continued) 466 

1384. The Honour of Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . . . 475 

1385. Some Gleanings in the British Museum . . . . . . . . 476 

1386. A Gloucestershire " Lady Godiva" . . . . . . . . . . 477 

1387. General Sir Joseph Thackwell, G.C.B., K.H 478 

1388. The Graves Family, of Mickleton 480 

1389. Restoration of Rodmarton Church .. .. .. ., ..481 

1390. Robert Fitzroy, Consul of Gloucester, 1098-1147 .. .. 484 

1391. The Gloucestershire Sheriff's Account, 1714 .. .. .. 489 

1392. Thornbury Castle and Buckingham 491 

1393. "Memorials of Samuel Bowly, 1802-1884" 494 

1394. Dursley Parish : Extracts from Churchwardens' Accounts . . 497 

1395. The apprehended Siege of Gloucester in 1651 499 

1396. The Corporation of Gloucester and James II 501 

1397. Will of the Rev. John Harvey, of Iron Acton, 1693; etc. . . 503 

1398. Church Desecration : Wars of the Roses 505 



CONTENTS. XV. 

NO. PAGE. 

1399. The Poor Laws a Century Ago .. .. .. .. .. 506 

1400. Lines on the sign of " The Fish " on Broadway Hill . . . . 507 

1401. Sevenhampton Parish: Churchwardens, 1616-1683; etc - 58 

1402. The College School, Gloucester . . . . . . . . . . 509 

1403. Deane Family, of Temple Guiting : Will of Edmund Deane . . 509 

1404. Gloucestershire Summer Assizes, 1658 .. .. .. ..510 

1405. Capital Punishments in Gloucester a Century Ago . . . . 511 

1406. Burials in Woollen 511 

1407. Capella de Froucestre, Sept. 30, 1282 513 

1408. Letter from Sir Robert Atkyns to Mr. Lysons, 1691 . . . . 513 

1409. The Beauties and Attractions of Clifton Endangered , . . . 513 

1410. Notes on Haresfield from the Llanthony Priory Registers . . 515 

1411. Two Gloucestershire Tragedies .. .. .. .. ..517 

1412. The Saxon Chapel at Deerhurst 519 

1413. Was Milton ever in Gloucestershire? .. .. . .. 520 

1414. Inscriptions in St. Mary's Cemetery, Cheltenham (continued) .. 521 

1415. John Moore, D.D., Archbishop of Canterbury, 1783-1805 .. 528 

1416. Cloth Dyeing in the year 1718 529 

1417. Robert Wright, D.D., Bishop of Bristol, 1623-1632 .. .. 530 

1418. The Bishops Ironside, of Bristol . . . . * 530 

1419. The Rev. Henry Fowler, Rector of Minchinhampton, 1643 . . 531 

1420. Oldbury-on-Severn Church, its Patron Saint ? . . . . . . 532 

1421. Hickes Family, of Berkeley .. .. .. .. .. .. 532 

1422. The Merritt Family . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 532 

1423. Smith, or Smythe, of Nibley . . . . . . . . . . 533 

1424. The Rev. John Cooper, Rector of Wyfordby, 1703 .. .. 533 

1425. Two Bristol Wills, A.D. 1500-1502 534 

1426. Randolph and Isham Families, of Virginia . . . . . . 534 

1427. Washington Family, of Garsdon . . . . . . . . . . 535 

1428. Notes on Rockhampton Parish . . . . . . . . . . 536 

1429. Jenner Family .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 543 

1430. A Commercial Treaty between England and France, 1786 . . 543 

1431. The Death of Edward Stafford, Duke of Buckingham . . . . 544 

1432. The " Gentleman Highwayman" of Frenchay .. .. .. 548 

1433. The Parochial Status of the College Precincts, Gloucester . . 549 

1434. Lysons' " Gloucestershire Antiquities" .. .. .. . . 551 

1435. Memorial of the late Judge Sumner . . . . . . . 558 



1436. Restoration of Northleach Church . . 

1437. Some Diocesan Re-arrangements, 1887 . . 

1438. Wotton-under-Edge : Cheyney Hospital . . 

1439. " Smyth v. Smyth : " an Impostor Defeated 

1440. Sir John Powell, of Gloucester, 1645-1713 

1441. Bristol Parliamentary Elections 

1442. " Shooting the Meadows " at Bitton 

1443. Robert Fitzroy, Consul of Gloucester, 1098-1147 (continued) 



559 
562 
5 62 

5^3 
5 66 

568 
5/o 



1444. Sapperton Tunnel .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 577 

1445. An Unparalleled Escape . . . . . . . . . . . . 577 

1446. The Trial and Acquittal of Mrs. Mary Reed, 1796 . . . . 57" 

1447. Ceremonies of Proclamation, 1658 and 1660 . . . . . 57 

1448. The'Rev. Canon Joseph Finch Fenn, B.D. 

1449. Hill Church : Monumental Inscriptions, with Notes 



1450. Fust Family : Extracts from Hill Registers, etc. . . 

1451. The Vicars of Hill Parish, 1566-1887 



.. 580 

.. 582 

.. 587 
594 

1452. Rkhard Smith, or Smyth . . . ". 596 

X 453' Sir Alexander Brett 596 

1454. The Quality Vault " at Clifton Church 597 

I 455 Corporations owning Churches 597 

1456. White's " New Century of Inventions " 597 

1457. Smyth Family, of Nibley 598 



601 



xyi CONTENTS. 

NO PAGE. 

1458. The Rev. Robert Bolton, of Cheltenham 598 

1459. The Celebration of the Jubilee, A.D. 1809 

1460 Memorial of the late Bishop Anderson, of Clifton 

1461. List of Anglo-Saxon Charters, A.D. 848-947 . . 

1462. Restoration of Hempsted Church 

1463. Inscriptions in St. Mary's Cemetery, Cheltenham (continued) . . 608 
1464! " Letters relating to the Suppression of Monasteries " . . . . 615 

1465. The Great Berkeley Poaching Affray, 1 8 16 616 

1466. Robert Fitzroy, Consul of Gloucester, 1098-1147 (concluded) .. 618 

1467. The Will of Thomas Myll, of Harescombe, A.D. 1509 .. . . 626 

1468. The Rev. William Prichard, M.A., Vicar of Hill, 1706-43 . . 626 

1469. The pretended Princess Caraboo . . . . . . . . . . 627 

1470. A deferred Assize . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 629 

1471. " Poems " by the Right Hon. Charles Bragge Bathurst. . . . 630 

1472. Old Gloucestershire Proverbs 631 

1473. A Minchinhampton Shopkeeper of the last Century . . . . 634 

1474. An old Discovery in Gloucester Cathedral. . . . . . . . 634 

1475. " Smyth -v. Smyth : " an Impostor Defeated . . . . . . 634 

1476. "The Dictionary of National Biography" and the Berkeley Family 635 

1477. Restoration of the Berkeley Registers . . . . . . . . 636 

1478. A Scene in Clifton in 1734 637 

1479. St. Nicholas' Church, Gloucester: Obit instituted by Anneys 

ffrancombe, 6 Hen. VII 637 

1480. An Unparalleled Escape 641 

1481. John Clarke, of Gloucester, 1733 641 

1482. Lieut. -General Urban Vigors, etc. . . . . . . . . . . 642 

1483. John Davis, or Davies, of St. Dunstan's-in-the-West, London. . 642 

1484. The Charleton Family, of Bristol 643 

1485. Christian Chamberlayne, of Oddington . . . . . . . . 643 

1486. " Latimer's House ", West Kington . . . . . . . . 643 

1487. A List of Bristol Maps suggested 644 

1488. The Fust Family Portraits 644 

1489. Lasborough Parish : a List of Rectors, etc. . . . . . . 645 

1490. Gloucestershire without Armorial Bearings . . . . . . 647 

1491. The Sheriff of Gloucester and the City Maces 648 

1492. Architecture in Gloucestershire . . . . . . . . . . 648 

1493. Lamprey Pies at Gloucester. . .. .. .. .. .. 650 

1494. A Nephew of Hugo Grotius . . . . . . . . . . 650 

1495. A Note on the Uley Parish Registers 651 

1496. Inscriptions in St. Mary's Cemetery, Cheltenham (concluded) .. 651 

1497. The Perrys : a Gloucestershire Tragedy 663 

1498. Smyth Family, of Nibley 664 

1499. Bristol and the Jubilee, A.D. 1809 664 

1500. Sapperton Tunnel 667 

1501. The Will of John Daston, of Dumbleton, 1530 668 

1502. Randolph and Isham Families, of Virginia . . . . . . 669 

1503. Bristol and its Tokens 670 

1504. Middlemore Family, of Pauntley Court 671 



1505. Brindley, Foley, and Jackson 

1506. Two Queries respecting Bristol Localities 

1507. The Long Stone at Minchinhampton 

1508. The Birthplace of Sebastian Cabot ? 



671 
672 
672 
673 



1509. The Trade of Bristol 673 

1510. The old Poor Laws 673 

1511. Sale of a Wife 675 

1512. Gloucester and Galway in the Seventeenth Century .. .. 675 

1513. Two old Gloucestershire Wills, A.D. 1595 677 

1514. Tewkesbury from an Artist's point of View 678 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



1004. JOHN OP MARLBORO UGH, WALTER OF PINCHCOMB, AND 
ST. PETER'S ABBEY, GLOUCESTER. Reference is made by William H. 
Hart, Esq., F.S.A., editor of Historia et Cartularium Monasterii 
Sancti Petri Gloucestrice (Master of the Rolls' Series), in his intro- 
duction, to ravages committed on the property of the abbey in the 
troublous times of King Stephen ; with respect to which the 
chronicler writes, " Never yet was. there more wretchedness in the 
land : nor even did heathen men worse than they [the nobles of 
both parties] did : for after a time they spared neither church nor 
churchyard, but took all the goods that were therein, and then 
burned the church and all together .... the bishops and 
learned men cursed them continually, but the effect thereof was 
nothing to them, for they were all accursed, and forsworn, and 
abandoned." Two persons are named who committed great depre- 
dations on the abbey's possessions John of Marlborough and 
Walter of Pinchcomb concerning whom some of your corres- 
pondents may be able to supply information. I find from the 
Close Rolls, 9 Hen. III. (1225), that Sibella, daughter and heiress 
of Ralph de Marleberg held certain lands at Upton St. Leonards of 
the king by serjeanty ; but this was at a later period. As to 
Walter of " Pinchcomb," this is the first time the name of the 
place appears, so far as I am aware ; for it is not mentioned under 
that designation in Domesday, being probably returned as a part of 
the King's Barton. These persons appear to have been very 
formidable foes of the abbey, and were the cause of rigorous and 
forcible appeal to Jocelin, bishop of Salisbury, for vengeance, 
from Gilbert Foliot, who was abbot of St. Peter's (1139-48), after- 
wards (1148) bishop of Hereford, and later, while he held the 
bishopric of London, the bitter antagonist of Becket. 

The letter, of which a translation is given below, is, in what is 
called " the turgid and affected style of the period," full of 
Scriptural allusions and exhortations to smite the enemies of the 
Lord and His Church, as did the saints of the old covenant. It is 
printed in full " Gilberti Foliot Abbatis Gloucestrise Epistolse " 
in Dr. Giles's Patres Ecclesice, Anglicance, vol. i., p. 26, probably 
from the manuscript in the British Museum, King's Library, 8 A. 
xxi., art. 15 (p. 208), or from another in the Bodleian. 

VOL. III. A 



2 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Of Jocelin, the successor of Bishop Koger, the great statesman 
and architectural genius of the twelfth century who "built anew" 
the church of Salisbury and " the great castles of Sherborne and 
The Devizes," very little was known, although he held the see for 
more than forty years ; but Canon Jones, F.S.A., in an interesting 
article on " the Bishops of Old Sarum,"* shows that he belonged 
to the family of De Bohun. (one of whom so gallantly defended 
the castle of Trowbridge for the Empress Matilda against Stephen), 
and was advanced by her to the see of Sarum. He died November 
18, 1184 ; and in 1225 his remains were brought from Old Sarum 
to the new cathedral, and reverently deposited in the Lady chapel. 
Canon Jones considers that the large effigy of a bishop now placed 
near the west entrance of the cathedral, on the south side of the 
nave, clad in alb, dalmatic, chasuble, and stole, and wearing his 
mitre, with the inscription down the centre of the chasuble, "A/er 
ope?n, devenies in idem" " Give help [i.e., with your prayers, an 
equivalent to Orate pro animd], you will come to the same," is the 
effigy of Bishop Jocelin de Bohun. And the inscription, which is 
in Latin hexameters, describes his character in a manner which 
seems fully to justify the earnest appeal of the abbot and monks of 
Gloucester for his powerful help against their oppressors, and for 
their fitting punishment : 

" Flent hodie Salesberie quia decidit ensis 
Justitise, pater ecclesise Salesberiensis : 
Dum viguit miseros aluit, fastusque potentum 
Non timuit, sed clava fuit terrorque nocentum. 
De Ducibus, de nobilibus primordia duxit 
Principibus, propeque tibi qui gemma reluxit." 
The foregoing may be thus translated : " They mourn to-day at 
Salisbury because the sword of justice, the father of the church of 
Salisbury, has fallen : while he lived he sustained the wretched, 
and feared not the arrogance of the powerful, but was the scourge 
[lit. club] and terror of the guilty. He traced his ancestry from 
Dukes, from noble Princes, and near to thee [reader] is one who 
shone in life as a precious gem." 

The letter referred to above is as follows : 
" To his father and lord Jfocelin], by the grace of GOD Bishop 
of Salisbury, his own Gplbert], called Abbot of the Church of the 
Blessed Peter at Gloucester, to obtain with joy and exultation the 
fruits of righteousness [justice]. 

^ Beloved father, with a common lamentation we deplore our 

trials in the ears of your holiness, humbly praying that your 

admonition may restrain, or your discipline coerce, our wrong-doers. 

" Johannes de Merleberge and Walter de Pinchcum do not cease 

to trouble us, your humble friends, and to snatch away the solaces 

of our pilgrimage with violent hand, and they do not blush to put 

them to base uses. Hitherto we have patiently borne the burden 

* Wiltshire Arcteological and Natural History Magazine, 1878, vol. XYU., p. 183. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. S 

and heat of the day, in the hope that at length the madness of the 
malignants may be fulfilled, or that the same by the salutary per- 
suasion of some one may be turned into righteous paths. 

"But, because according to the Book of Wisdom, whom God 
shall have despised, man is not able to correct, we ask with con- 
fidence these things which we hope for from you, that the pastoral 
staff in your hand may humble those with whom your holy 
admonition does not avail. 

"Meanwhile let your holiness know that these two before- 
mentioned men, in money and money value, have deprived us of 
more than two hundred marks, and our possessions which were 
near them they have almost reduced to nothing. We wish there- 
fore that you may be strengthened by the Spirit of Him who said, 
' Confidite, ego vici mundumj who shall make his enemies ' the 
footstool of his feet : ' through whom we shall laugh and mock at 
the destruction of the malignants, when that shall befal them 
which they deserve. 

" His sword you do not carry in vain, but in order that you may 
strike the Philistines not only with a ploughshare [ox-goad] as 
with the seed of Gad, but also with Ehud (Aoth) with the mouth 
of the sword. Let not His sword grow blunt in your hand that 
sword which, according to the Prophet, " is sharpened and furbished 
that it may glitter."* In all respects a fitting opportunity for 
courage now presents itself. Charity grows cold, offences chill. 
The Church everywhere appeals to you as the avenger of crimes. 
Therefore we pray thee, let that Word of God be drawn forth 
which is quick and powerful, extending to the dividing asunder of 
soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, so that in that great 
banquet there may be glory to thee in the presence of them that 
sit at meat, inasmuch as thou hast set thyself as a wall for the 
house of Israel, and either manfully repelled its wrongs, or avenged 
them. Farewell." 

Perhaps some reader will be able to trace these depredators, and 
their chastisement, if any. j MELLAND HALL, M.A. 

Harescombe Rectory, Stroud. 

1005. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. IV. : HORTON. 

Baptisms. 

1658. Sept. Katherine, d. of Edward Stephens. 

1659. June 23. Thomas, s. of Thomas Gwynne, Rector. 

1660. Oct. 18. Rachel, d. of Edward and Mary Stephens. 
Dec. 9. John, s. of Thomas Gwynne, Rector. 

1699. May 21. Richard, s. of Thomas Gwynne, Junior. , . 
1701. Aug. 15. Margaret, d. of Thomas Gwynn, Rector of 
Ozleworth. 

* EzeKelxxi., 10, 11. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1706. Mar. 29. William, s. of James Harris, Rector, and 
Mary. 

1710. Dec. 20. (Born) Edward, s. of John Paston, Esq r , and 
Frances. 

1728. Jan. 22. (Born) Anna Maria, d. of William Paston, 
Esq r , and Mary. [She became the wife of 
George (who died before his father), only 
son of Sir Robert Throckmorton, Bart., 
of West-Underwood, Bucks, and was the 
mother of three baronets.] 

1773. June 24. John, s. of Nebuchadnezzar and Martha 
Prout, aged 27. 

1785. April 3. William, s. of John and Hannah Prout. 
[Ancestors of William Prout, M.D.,F.R.S., 
author of Chemistry, Meteorology, etc. 
(London, 1834), one of the "Bridgewater 
Treatises."] 

Marriages. 

1672. May 28. Nathaniel Gwynne and Sarah Freeman. 
1695. Sept. 19. Marmaduke Sealey, Rector of Little Sodbury, 

and Mary Stokes. 
1727. July 27. By Licence, Edward Barnes, of Gloucester, 

and Ann Walker, of Horton. 
1732. April 17. By Licence, "as I was informed," John 

Chichester, Esq r , and Elizabeth Courtney. 
1765. Jan. 21. William Gunning, of Marshfield, and Mary 

Walker, of this Parish, by Licence. 
1768. July 24. John King, Bachelor, Gent., and Rebecca 

Pardoe, Spinster, of Horton, by Licence. 
1776. June 3. Henry Jones, Gent., of Luckington, Wilts, 

and M rs Sarah Collins, of Horton. 
Burials. 

1661. May 10. George Boswell, Minister of Little Sodbury. 

1662. Jan. 25. Joseph, s. of William Paston, Esq r . 
1665. July 23. Mary Boswell, Widow. 

1673. Mar. 27. William Paston, Esq r [" ex antique & prseclaro 

genere "]. 

Nov. 5. Theresa, d. of Mary Paston, Widow. 
1677. June 7. William Paston, s. of William and Mary 

Paston, Lord of the Manor of Horton, in 

his nonage [" 14 annum agens "]. 
1679. Sept. 26. M rs Mary Paston [nee Lawson], Widow, late 

of Bath. 
1697. Dec. 6. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Gwynne, Rector 

1702. April 19. The Carcase of Thomas Howell was put in a 
stinking hole in his garden. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 5 

1703. June 29. Thomas Gwynne, Kector for 47 years, died 

aged 81. 

1708. Sept. 28. James Cann [? Cam], Gent, [aged 68]. 
1710. Dec. 24. Edward, s. of John Paston, Esq r , and Frances. 
1712. April 13. Frances [nee Tichborne], wife of John 

Paston, Esq r . 

1727. May 14. M rs Amy Courtney. 
1730. Aug. 3. M 18 Ann Barnes [nee Walker], of Gloucester 

[aged 30]. 

Dec. 1. James Harris, Eector for 27 years, aged 65. 

Feb. 18. Hon ble M rs Ann Paston [nee Calvert], d. to 

[Charles, 4th] Lord Baron Baltimore. 
1732. Dec. 26. M rs Ann Paston. 
1734. Oct. 28. Mary, widow of Rev d M r Harris. 
1737. Oct. 17. (Died) John Paston, Esq r [aged 67]. 
1747. Oct. 31. Maria [nee Courtenay], "wife of William 

Paston, Esq r . 

1763. May 18. M rs Elizabeth Chichester [nee Courtney]. 
1767. Sept. 26. Thomas Barnes, Gent., from Bath. 
1769. Jan. 14. William Paston, Esq r [aged 68]. 

[A long list is given of Excommunicate Persons, 1662 ; some on 
June 18, 1663; some Feb. 4, 1665; and some Dec. 13, 1668. 
" These were all pardoned by the King."] 

1006. SUBSIDY ROLL FOR BLSLEY, 1600. The following copy 
of a small subsidy roll for Bisley, for the year 1600, may prove 
interesting : 

Througharu Titheing. 

Thomas Smarte . . . . 1 7 ' 

Edward Turner . . . . 1 3 

Thomas Warnford . . . . 2 ob 

John Clissold . . . . 2 ob 

William ffreame . . . . i * ob 

Walter Verinder . . . * i 

Wid. Hunt i 

Anthony ffreamo . . . ob 

Thomas Waite for Througham . * ob 

Thomas Taylor, or Tailo . . i 

Thomas Smarte . . . . 5 ob 

[ ] . . . 0- i- 

Thomas Hunte for Lowmead . . ob 

Thomas Smarte for Pimburis . . 0*3* 

Tunly Titheing. 

William Hancox . . , . ii ob 

William ffreame or his ten . . 6 ob 

William Harbord . -. I ^v ' . 0-2 

Rob [ } B [ ] . . . ob 

Wi [ .] - . . 2 ob 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



John Cox for [ 
William Witts . 
John Jones . 
Walter Hancox . 
Richard Peyten . 
Widdow Tailor . 
John Hancox 
George Smarte 
M r Awdley for Siccarige 



ob 
' 2 ob 
ob 
-3 
i 
-2 

' 2 ob 
i 
5 



H. 



1007. BRIEFS AND CHURCH COLLECTIONS, 1702-3.- I send you 
a copy of an entry in the register book of Enham Knights, Hants, 
which, as it mentions a Gloucestershire parish, may be admissible. 
Is anything known about this " fire at Blaisdon "? and what was the 
occasion of the "Chepstow Brief"? These are queries to which I 
shall be very glad to have an answer. R jj CLUTTERBUCK. 

Eiiham Knights Eectory, Andover. 



026 



August 1702. 

Collected for the sufferers by fire at Haddenham in the ) 

County of Bucks two shillings sixpence - - / 

Collected for the sufferers by fire at Blaisdon in the 

County of Gloucester two shillings 
Collected for the sufferers by fire at Rolleston in the 

County of Stafford two shillings 
Collected for the sufferers by fire in the Isle of Ely 

three shillings sixpence 

August 1703. 

Collected for Chepstow Brief - - 

Collected for Lutterworth - - - - 

Collected for the Brief for S* Giles Church - 
Collected for Tuxford Brief - 

Collected for the Brief for Monks Kerby Church - 
Collected for the Brief for Spittlefeilds - 
Collected for Farringdon Brief - - 

All these entered together 
according to order 

Jo : Feilder Cu r 
Edward Douling Churchwarden. 

1008. THE CLUTTERBUCK FAMILY, OF STANLEY ST. LEONARDS. 
-~I send the following particulars taken from the registers of 
Stanley St. Leonards : they refer to an old family long resident 
there, and were sent to me some years ago by the Rev. David Jones. 
who was then the vicar of the parish. JAMS 

iottenham, near London, K. 



1 9 

1 6 

14 

2 3 

1 3 

1 6 

Oil 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 7 

Baptisms. 
1577. Richard, s. of Thomas Clutterbooke. 

1583. William, s. of Thomas Clotterboke. 

1584. Feb. 6. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Clutterboke. 
1586. Nov. 8. Katharine, d. of Barnabee Clutterbooke. 

1590. July 9. , s. of Richard Clutterbooke. 

1590-1. March 7. Thomas, s. of Richard Clutterbooke. 

1591. May 23. Richard, s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

1592. June 25. Ferdinando, s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

June. Ferdinando, s. of Thomas Clutterbooke. 

p the same as the preceding one.] 

July. Samuel, s. of Walter Clotterbooke. 

1593. Oct. William, s. of Miles Clutterboke. 
* Nov. Jane, d. of Richard Clotterbooke. 

Nov. Richard, s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 
1593-4. Jan. John, s. of Barnabee Clotterbooke. 

1595. March. John, s. of Walter Clotterbooke. 

June. Elizabeth, d. of Richard Clotterbooke. 

July. , s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

1596. Feb. Thomas, s. of Miles Clotterbooke. 

1597. Feb. Thomas, s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

1598. Dec. 24. John, s. of Richard Clotterbooke. 

1600. Hester, d. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

1601. April. Thomas, s. of Richard Clotterbooke. 

1602. May 20. Alice, d. of Walter Clotterbooke. 

1604. May. Sarah, d. of John Clotterbooke. 

1605. March. Richard, s. of Richard Clotterbooke. 

Same day. Amity, s. of Walter Clotterbooke. 
1607. March. Anne, d. of Walter Clotterbooke. 
1608-9. Feb. Prisilla, d. of John Clutterbooke. 

1610. Oct. 7. Margery, d. of Walter Clutterbooke. 

1611. April 19. John, s. of John Clutterbooke. 
1613. Aug. Samuel, s. of John Clutterbooke. 
1616. Debora, d. of John Clutterboke. 

1620. Nathaniel, s. of John Clotterbooke. 

1629. June 28. Richard, s. of William Clutterbooke. 

1630. Jan. 6. Alice, d. of William Clotterbooke, of Downton 

[a hamlet in the parish]. 

1633. April 22. Samuel, s. of William Clotterboke, of Downton. 
1638. Oct. 21. John, s. of Amity Clutterbooke. 
1657. Jan. 15. William, s. of Samuel Clotterboke. 
1660. Oct. 18. Thomas, s. of Samuel Clotterboke. 
1662. Sept. 28. John, s. of Richard Clutterbooke. 
1666. Nov. 6. Richard, s. of Richard Clutterboke. 
1668. May. Daniel, s. of Samuel Clutterboke. 

1674. Jan. 9. , s. of Samuel Clutterbooke. 

1685. Jan. 9. Robert, s. of Stephen Clotterbook, by 

Elizabeth, his wife, of the parish of Esenton 

[? Eastington]. 



8 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1 695 July 4- Samuel, s. of William and Dinah Clutterbook. 

1698. Last day of Nov. William, s. of William Clotterboke. 

1701.' Jan. 29. Thomas, s. of William Clotterboke. 

1726! Dec. 30. Thomas, s. of Thomas Clotterboke. 

1728! July 28. Hannah, d. of Thomas Clutterbuck. 

1729*. Nov. 16. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Clutterbuck. 

1744.' May 16. Hannah, d. of Nathaniel Clutterbuck. 

1748.' Dec. 28. Thomas, s. of Samuel Clutterbuck. 

1752. March 26. Samuel, s. of Samuel Clutterbuck. 

1755. Aug. 1. Sarah, d. of Samuel Clutterbuck. 

1761. May 11. John, s. of Samuel and Ruth Clutterbuck. 

Marriages. 

1583. Nov. 4. Thomas Bryan and Margery Clotterbooke. 

1591. Walter Clutterbooke and Elizabeth . 

1608. Sept. 19. John Clutterbooke and Anne Sandford. 

1613-4. Feb. Richard Smythe and Katharine Clutterbooke. 

1618. Oct. 7. Walter Flower and Alice Clutterboke. 

Nov. 2. Thomas Clutterbooke and Anne Partridge. 
1640. Oct. 19. John Clutterbooke and Marian Smith. 
1723. May 11. William Clutterbook and Anne Blanch. 
1740. April 7. John Shreeve and Anne Clutterbuck. 
1748. May 5. Samuel Clutterbuck and Katharine Wilkins. 

Burials. 

1572. Aug. Anne Clotterbooke, widow. 

1579. Jan. Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Clotterbooke. 

1582. Feb. Elizabeth Clotterbooke, d. of Thomas. 

1587. May 15. Richard Clutterbooke. 

1587-8. Feb. 7. Clutterbooke. 

1590. April 6. Richard, s. of Richard Clutterbooke. 

1590-1. Jan. Richard, s. of Thomas Clutterbooke. 

1592. June 20. Agnes, wife of Thomas Clotterbooke. 
1594. Nov. Richard, s. of Thomas Clotterbooke. 
1607. Dec. 2. , wife of John Clotterbooke. 

1610. May 31. Walter Clutterbooke. 

1611. June 14. Elizabeth,, wife of Richard Clutterbooke. 
1614. April. Barnabee Clutterbooke. 

1616. Dec. Clutterbooke. 

1619. July. John Clutterbooke, son^of Barnabee. 
1627. Jan. 21. Elizabeth Clutterbooke. 

1629. June 10. Richard Clutterbooke, of Downton. 

1635. Jan. 19. Anne Clutterbooke. 

1646. Sept. 16. Marian, wife of John Clutterboke. 

1649. Feb. Anne, wife of John Clutterbooke. 

1653. Feb. 16. John Clutterbooke. 

1654. Aug. 14. Samuel Clutterbooke. 

Dec. 18. Grisella, wife of John Clotterbooke. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 9 

1658. Jan. 9. William Clutterbooke. 

1669. Aug. 24. Richard Clutterbooke, of Downton. 

1670. Oct. 28. John, s. of John Clutterbooke. 
1672. June 7. Richard, s. of Samuel Clotterboke. 

1677. June 29. (Died) John Clutterbooke, of Downton, Senior. 

1679. May 14. Katharine Clotterbooke. 

1683. Jan. 13. Mary, d. of Richard Clutterbooke. 

1699. March 2. Thomas, s. of Samuel Clutterboke, of Downton. 

1700. May 2. Deborah, wife of Samuel Clotterbook, of 

Downton. 

1704. April 19. Thomas, s. of William Clotterbook, of 
Stonehouse. 

1713. April 4. Dinah, wife of William Clotterboke. 

May 4. Samuel Clotterbook. 

1714. March 9. Samuel Clutterbook, Junior. 
1725-6. Jan. 8. Thomas, s. of Thomas Clotterbook. 

1727. Sept. 3. Anne, wife of William Clutterbuck. 

1728. Aug. 7. Hannah, d. of Thomas Clutterbuck. 

Oct. 27. William Clutterbuck. 

1728-9. Jan. 8. William, s. of William Clutterbuck. 

1729. Aug. 12. Mary Clutterbuck, widow. 

1732. Sept. 16. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Clutterbuck. 

1733. Aug. 2. Catherine Clutterbuck. 
1741. Ma'rch 3. Mary Clutterbuck. 
1747. June 11. Samuel Clutterbuck. 

1753. June 10. Thomas Clutterbuck. 

1754. Feb. 17. Samuel, s. of Samuel Clutterbuck. 
1766. Jan. 5. Mary Clutterbuck. 

Copy of inscriptions on a tombstone near the church-porch : 
" Here resteth the body of Samuel Clotterbooke, clothier, who 

deceased the 10 th day of Dec., Anno Dom. 1681, aged 80 years. 

And waiteth for a joyfull Resurrection to Glory." 

" Here resteth the body of Richard Clotterbooke, of Downton, 

yeoman, who deceased the 8 th day of June, Anno Dom. 1629. 

And waiteth for a joyful Resurrection to Glory."* 

1009. NORTHLEACH PARISH CHURCH. In the Church Builder, 
No. 19 (July, 1884), there is, "thanks to the kindness of 
Mr. James Brooks, the architect," a well-executed illustration of 
this grand structure, which bears testimony to the wealth, piety, 
and zeal of the fifteenth-century inhabitants of the town ; it gives 
a good S.E. view of the exterior, and shows the proposed restoration. 
The present vicar of the parish, the Rev. Joseph W. Sharpe, M.A., 
has furnished the following details : 

The porch is one of the finest in the kingdom, and has two bays. 
Each lateral lofty wall is enriched with pointed arcading. The lofty 
roof is richly groined, fretted, and studded with heads, one being 

* For mention of about thirty of this name, who were buried in the adjoining parish of 
Stanley Kings, and who are, or have been, commemorated by inscriptions in the church, see 
ante, vol. i., pp. 171, 172. ED. 



10 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

that of our Lord, with a cruciform nimbus. The outside front has 
escaped the hands of the destroyer. In the upper of two large 
central niches is the representation of the Blessed Trinity, partly 
mutilated ; in the lower, St. Mary with the Holy Child standing 
on her knee. Over the porch is a priest's chamber, in which is the 
original mantelpiece, battlemented with elegant brackets on each 
side, and a cupboard. Access to this room is from the stair by a 
flat 'trefoiled arch, then through the doorway, the original door 
remaining. The south aisle is lighted by fine large pointed windows, 
of four lights, cinque-foliated, with tracery ^ subdivided into two 
arched compartments, containing some choice pieces of stained 
glass, one figure being that of St. Lawrence. The roof has well- 
moulded principals, purlins, rafters, and carved bosses. At the east 
end are the battered remains of a once elaborate reredos, with seven 
niches below and four above; the colour on the backs of the niches 
remains. A square aumbrey, with a stone shelf, still retains the 
original hinges and half the door. 

The south chapel, called BicknelPs chapel, opens into the chancel 
by two plain arches and pier under one wide arch. This aisle is 
said to have belonged " to Sir Ralph Button, but is repayred by 
y e Parish." 

The chancel has a fine lofty pointed five-light window, occupying 
the entire width of the east end. It has been filled with modern 
stained glass. The three seats in the sedilia are level. It is 
cinquefoiled above with double cusped heads and well-moulded 
shafts ; a double rose and lily foliage under the embattled cornice. 
A north door opposite opens into a small chapel, having the original 
stone altar in situ, beneath a square-headed three-light window. 
Very singular are the pastoral staves, one high up on each wall of 
the chancel. 

The north chapel of two bays overlaps the chancel by two 
arches, of two orders, resting on octagonal shafts with moulded 
capitals. In two quatrefoils of the windows remain monograms of 
St. Mary and of Jesus. The altar steps remain. The timbers and 
bosses of the flat gabled roof retain their colour and gilding. 
There are exquisite corbels of the founders. The rood-loft doors 
are in the north wall. A processional door has a deep outer jamb 
on which is a repetition of hollow chamfer and roll mouldings. 
Here stands the font, which is octagonal, having on each cusped 
face a bold head. The bowl rests on angels issuing forth, on a 
shaft with small panels and buttresses, on a base of heads with 
bent forelegs triple-clawed, in symbolical contrast with the angels. 
In the roof are bosses, on one of which is carved a bear and 
rugged staff, for Beauchamp. 

The nave, beautified by John Fortey, is of five bays. The pillars 

are lofty, and the arches flat. The clerestory is a succession of 

large pointed windows subdivided by branching mullions. In the 

ast gable is a broad elliptical window of nine lights. The parapets 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 11 

outside are embattled with a diagonal pinnacle to each battlement. 
On the eastern apex is an elegant little canopy, occupied by a figure 
of St. John the Baptist. 

The grand tower consists of four stages, with traces of prepara- 
tions for a spire which was never erected. Inside, the lower 
portion is really a lofty lantern lighted by a large double-arched 
window. In the groined roof are heads of queen, abbot, king, and 
other figures engaged in a "divine liturgy." This part of the 
church will be very striking when all the unseemly lumber now 
burying it shall be swept away. The west door, within and without, 
is very fine. 

The present altar-cloth is made up of magnificent copes preserved 
until a few years since. The mensa of the high altar has been 
found buried in the footpace. It measures 10 feet by 3 feet, and 
8J inches thick. 

It is to be hoped that, in Mr. Brooks' hands, the utmost care 
will be taken in the execution of the work. It would be difficult 
to improve upon the structure as it left the original architect's 
hands, and the sole object should be to restore it so far as possible 
to that state, avoiding all unnecessary removals or additions. 

J. G. 

The same illustration, with the foregoing particulars, is given in 
Church Bells (Sept., 1884), vol. xiv., p. 939. The Incorporated Church 
Building Society (of which the Church Builder is the recognized 
organ) has made a grant towards the restoration fund, and the 
estimated cost is ,3,600. EDITOR. 

1010. JOHN, LORD CHEDWORTH : MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS. 
(See No. 389.) On a black tablet in the south aisle of St. 
Matthew's Church, Ipswich, the following inscription appears : 
"The Eight Hon, John (Howe), Lord Chedworth, | Baron of 
Chedworth, in the County of Gloucester, was born August 22, 
1754, died October 29, 1804. He succeeded his uncle Frederic- 
Henry October 6, 1781, | and dying a bachelor the title became 
extinct. | He was a nobleman of superior abilities, | well versed in 
every branch of elegant and polite literature; an able, active, and 
upright magistrate; | intimately acquainted with the laws and 
constitution of his country ; a strenuous supporter of civil and 
religious liberty; firmly attached to the principles established 
at the revolution ; | and a sincere beleiver [sic] in the truths of 
Christianity." As mentioned by the Rev. Francis Haslewood, 
who has printed the foregoing in his Monumental Inscriptions 
in the Parish of Saint Matthew, Ipswich (1884), p. 16, Davy 
states that this monument was formerly on the south side of 
the monument of Michael Thirkle. (" Suffolk Collections," Brit. 
Mus., Add. MSS., 19,094, ii.) It was a portion of the monument 
" in the churchyard," and therefore not then in the church. The 
entry of burial in the register is as follows : " The Kight Hon. 



12 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Tohn f Howe) Lord Chedworth, Baron of Chedworth, in the County 
JCG^SlM^ f-m St. Helen's, aged 50 No v ,2. No 
affidavit brought, of which notice was given, and the Penalty paid. 
The reference is of course to the penalty of 5 incurred when the 
deceased was not buried in woollen. 

Mr. Haslewood has likewise recorded (pp. 272, 2/3) the following 
inscription on the altar tomb in the churchyard, to the west of the 
church: "Elizabeth, late Wife | of Michael Thirkle, Merck*, | 
died Aug 8t 3 rd , 1731, aged 58. | Elizabeth, late Wife of Michael 
Thirkle, Esq r , | died Feb* 2 d , 1759, aged 38. | Michael Thirkle, 
Merch*, | died July 26 th , 1762, aged 80. | Michael Thirkle, Esq r , | 
one of Portmen | and several times | Bailiff of this Corporation) I 
died Nov r 14 th , 1766, aged 53. I Elizabeth, Widow of Michael 
Thirkle, Merch*, | died EeV 25 tk , 1772, aged 84. | The Honour- 
able Frances Howe, | died Feb^ 17 th , 1778, aged 55. | Olive 
Thirkle, 2 nd Wife of | Michael Thirkle, Esq r , died Feby 23 d , 
1785, aged 61. | The Eight Honourable | John (Howe), Lord 
Chedworth, | born August 22, 1754 : died Oct. 20, 1804." 

EDITOR. 

1011. THE CHATTERTON FAMILY, OP BRISTOL. I think the 
subjoined extracts from the City of Bristol records, which I send 
you for insertion in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, will be 
interesting to the Gloucestershire men and others who have followed 
the discussion of the poet Chatterton's birth and family associations 
by Mr. Taylor, of the City Library, Bristol, on the one side, and 
Mr. J. H. Ingram, of London, on the other. I suppose " ffree 
mason " (as a trade designation) means a worker in freestone 1 and 
if so, this points to a migration from Bath and the freestone districts 
to Bristol, made by the Chattertons in the person of Thomas, father 
of John, in the seventeenth century. 

I am glad to take this opportunity of expressing my sincere 
thanks to the present Mayor, and to the Clerk of the Town Council, 
for the access they have given me to their records. 

Kelston Rectory, Bath. FRANCIS J. POYNTON. 

From the Burgess Eoll of the City of Bristol : 

1 680. John Chatterton, ffree Mason, is admitted into y e Liberties 
of this Citty for y* he was y e apprentice of his Father, Thomas 
Chatterton, and hath taken the oath of allegiance, and paid fee 4/6. 

1693. Sept. 27. Giles Mai pas, pinn-maker, is admitted, &c., 
for that he was apprentice to Thomas Bryan fee p d 4/6. 

1698. Jany 24. John Chatterton, Merchant tayler apprentice- 
ship to W m Davis. 

1713 Aug. 7. William Chatterton, jun r , ffree Mason, admitted 
to the Liberties, &c., as son of William Chatterton. 

1729. April 14. John Chatterton, Weaver, is admitted, &c. 
(apprenticeship qualification) to Richard Noble on oath of allegi, 
ance and fee p d 4/6. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 13 



1012. EGBERT SOUTHEY AND FRANKING. In Notes and 
Queries (6 th S. x. 124) this communication from Mr. Edward 
Walford appeared: "I have seen a letter written by Southey's 
son-in-law, the Rev. J. "W. Warter, in which he says that ' nothing 
could ever induce his father-in-law to frank a letter.' The same 
gentleman enclosed to my friend the late Mr. Wm. Blott, of the 
General Post Office, the following autograph lines, sent by Southey 
in reply to a gentleman named Simpson, who had asked him for a 
frank : 

' Oh ! friend of the Autographs, look not so blank 

At receiving my answer and getting no frank : 

It is not, believe me, because I am willing 

To fine you for asking the sum of one shilling ; 

A day or two hence the newspapers will show 

To all the king's subjects why I have done so ; 

In guessing the reason meantime be amused, 

And hold Robert Southey from franking excused ; 

And be sure that you ever will find, son of Sim, 

The frankest of men, though no franker, in him.' 
It should be said in explanation that Southey was once returned to 
Parliament for a pocket borough in his absence from England, and 
that on returning home he lost no time in applying for the Chiltern 
Hundreds." 

To this communication Mr. Edward Solly very soon replied, 
p. 192 : "These lines are interesting; but I think there is 
a small error introduced by Mr. Walford's concluding words, 
1 he lost no time in applying for the Chiltern Hundreds.' 
At the general election in 1826, Southey being then abroad, Lord 
Radnor nominated him for the borough of Downton, in Wiltshire. 
This was what used to be called a pocket borough; it sent to 
Parliament two representatives, and there were about twenty voters, 
1 who were nominated for the day, by the proprietor, to return any 
two names as they were ordered' (Oldfteld, v. 119). On June 10, 
1826, Lord Radnor's deputy returned the names of T. G. B. Estcourt 
and R. Southey. The former was also chosen for Oxford University, 
and he elected to take that seat. Mr. Southey, on his return to 
England, publicly declared that he had not the legal qualification, 
and that therefore his return was void. Accordingly, when Parlia- 
ment met in November, new writs were issued for Downton ; Lord 
Radnor nominated two new candidates on December 16; and the, 
London Gazette sets forth that B. Bouverie was elected in lieu of 
Mr. Estcourt, and ' Alexander Pow^l, in the room of Robert 
Southey, Esq., who has been chosen a burgess for the said borough 
without the qualification of estate required by law.' Friends in 
plenty were willing to subscribe and present to Southey the needful 
qualification ; but he would not listen to this, and adhered, with 
proud humility, to his first decision that he had not the necessary 
qualification, and that consequently his election was wholly void. 



14 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

With these views he could hardly exercise any of the privileges of 
a member." M. C. B. 

1013 CHELTENHAM THEATRE KOYAL, 1788. In August of 
this year the performances at Cheltenham Theatre were patronized 
in person by King George III. and family; and his Majesty was 
so pleased with what he witnessed there, that he forthwith con- 
stituted it a Theatre Royal by letters patent. In her Diary, 
vol iv., p. 213, Madame D'Arblay, who was present as one of the 
maids of honour, has thus described the first visit : " We talked 
over his [Mr. Fairly's] usual theme plays and players and he 
languished to go to the theatre and see Mrs. Jordan. Nor did he 
languish in vain : his royal master, the Duke, imbibed his wishes, 
and conveyed them to the King; and no sooner were they known 
than an order was hastily sent to the play-house, to prepare a royal 
box. The Queen was so gracious as to order Miss Planta and 
myself to have the same entertainment. We went into a box near 
the stage, which is always appropriated for Mr. Delabere, as chief 
magistrate, whenever he chooses to make use of it. Very 
vexltiously, however, my message arrived so late, that my dear 

j^iss p and her aunt, &c., were out. Mr. Delabere and the 

sweet little Ann Dewes* accompanied us to their box. The 
delight of the people that their King and Queen should visit this 
country theatre was the most disinterested I ever witnessed ; for 
though they had not even a glance of their royal countenances, 
they shouted, huzzaed, and clapped, for many minutes. The 
managers had prepared the front boxes for their reception, and 
therefore the galleries were over them. They made a very full and 
respectable appearance in this village theatre. The King, Queen, 
Duke of York, and three Princesses, were all accommodated with 
front seats ; Lord Harcourt stood behind the King, Lady Harcourt 
and Mr. Fairly behind the Queen ; Lord and Lady Courtown and 
Lady Pembroke behind the Princesses ; and, at the back, Colonel 
Gwynn and Mr. Bunbury ; Mr. Boulby and Lady Mary were also 
in the back group." The last royal visit is thus recorded in the 
Morning Post, Aug. 15 : " Cheltenham. The Theatre. Their 
Majesties, for the last time, on Friday evening, honoured the 
Theatre here with their presence. The house was, as it will never 
be seen again, except on the same occasion. All the pit was laid 
into the boxes, and the two first rows of the gallery ; the remaining 
part of the gallery was at the pit prices. The King and Queen came 
early. Amongst the audience were the following splendid list of 
names : Earls Bathurst, Oxford, Harrington, Courtown; Lords Rivers, 
Apsley, Maitland, Faulkland, Hamilton, Ducie ; Ladies Pembroke, 
Harcourt, Courtown, Maitland. The upper boxes were crowded 
with all the fashion that Gloucester, Worcester, and the county could 
send. Amongst these were Doddington Hunt and John De la Bere, 
Esqrs. Mrs. Wells, who had been sent for by order, appeared 

For mention of the death of her mother, and of Mr. De la Bere, see ante, yol. i., pp. 296, 297 - 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 15 



both in the play and farce, Julia in the * Midnight Hour/ and 
Cowslip. The best applause was the express approbation of their 
Majesties, signified through the means of the manager, Mr. Watson. 
The playbills of the evening were printed upon satin. Mrs. Watson 
attended their Majesties with tea, between the play and entertain- 
ment." 

It was upon this occasion that the address, which is here given, 
was spoken by Mr. Charlton, and received with great applause. 

" THEATRE ROYAL, 

" CHELTENHAM. 

" Their Majesties, the Princess Royal, the Princess Augusta, and 
the Princess Elizabeth, having thrice honoured Mr. Watson, the 
proprietor and manager, with their presence, and having signified 
their royal intention of returning to Windsor and London 'till next 
season, the following dutiful and loyal farewel Address was spoken 
by Mr. Charlton (Mr. Watson being deprived of that honour by 
illness), on Friday, the 15th August, 1788, before the above Great 
Personages, and a very numerous train of nobility and gentry. 
Written by Mr. Stuart, author of Gretna Green, &c. : 

" When the majestic spirit of the law 
Feels a relief from Chelt'nam's humble Spa : 
When GEORGE, our Constitution's sacred shield, 
Here aids his own, the sceptre long to wield ; 
All hearts must worship this dear, hallow'd ground, 
Health, at whose fount the KING OF FREEMEN found ! 
Long may this stream preserve Great Britain free, 
By cheering HIM, who guards our liberty ! 
Here may his virt'ous Contort often dwell, 
Th' ador'd Hygeia of our royal well ! 
And oh ! may these, high Windsor's charming graces, 
In this low vale show oft their blooming faces I 
Where the meek eye unfolds the modest mind 
Tho' young examples to all womankind / 
But we intrude our homage now is due 
To sacred Majesty ! to you ! and you 1 

[Bowing to their Majesties, then to the Princesses, and lastly 
to the audience.] 

Deigning to visit our small rustic scene, 

Proves that YOU think no subject's calling mean ! 

Our humble Manager still hopes, each year, 
Of duteous loyalty to shed the tear ! 
And thank again his ROYAL PATRONS here ! 
Long may your future joys excel the past, 
And Chelt'nam, honour'd thus, for ages last ! " 

CHELTONIENSIS. 



16 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1014 PATRICK COTTER O'BRIEN, THE GIANT. Ireland has 
Ion- been famous for producing giants. The most celebrated of 
these was the well-known O'Brien, whom we first hear of as a great 
raw youth crying in a public-house because unable to pay the bill, 
bavin" been left penniless through a quarrel with his exhibitor. A 
gentleman taking compassion on him, paid his debt, and advised 
the youn" giant to set up on his own account. Acting on this 
recommendation, O'Brien started a public house in Bristol, long 
known by the sign of the Giant's Castle. A memorial tablet in 
Trenchard Street Koman Catholic Chapel, in that city, records his 
stature as having been eight feet three inches. He was very 
anxious that his remains should not fall into the hands of the 
anatomists, and gave directions for securing his grave against 
desecration from body-snatchers. It has, however, been disputed 
whether his bones rest in his grave, or form one of the curiosities 
of the Hunterian Museum. He was obliged to take his consti- 
tutional exercise under cover of darkness, to avoid being mobbed 
by the curious, and like most big fellows, he proved himself a 
simple and inoffensive man ; though once he inadvertently terrified 
a watchman almost to death by lighting his pipe at a street lamp, 
when the sudden appearance of such a strange apparition threw the 
watchman into a fit. His colossal proportions on another occasion 
saved him from being robbed, the highwayman who stopped his 
carriage riding away in terror at the sight of O'Brien's huge face 
thrust through the window to see what was the matter. 

The tablet is in the vestibule of the building, and bears this 
inscription : " Here lie | the remains of M r Patrick Cotter O'Brien, 
a native of Kinsale, | in the Kingdom of Ireland. | He was a 
man of gigantic stature, | exceeding 8 feet 3 inches in height, | 
and proportionably large. His manners were amiable and un- 
offending, | and the inflexible integrity of his conduct | through 
life, | united to the calm resignation with which he awaited the 
approach of death, | proved that his principles | .were strictly 
virtuous. | He died at the Hotwells | on the 8 of September, 1816, | 
in the 46 th year of his age. | Requiescat in pace." BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1015. A GLOUCESTER BALLAD. The following is from an old 
broadside, without any date : 

Come, my very merry gentle people, only list a minute, 

For tho' my song may not be long there's something comic in it ; 

A stranger I, yet, by the bye, I've ventured in my ditty 

To say a word at parting, just in praise of Glo'ster city. 

The Romans they this city built, and many folks came down here, 

Kings Richard, Henry, John, and Ned, did visit Glo'ster town here ; 

King William dined each Christmas here, and Glo'ster folks it 



To know the food he relished most was double Berkeley cheeses. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 17 

The ladies, Heaven bless 'em all ! as sure as I've a nose on, 
Iii former times had only thorns and skewers to stick their clothes on ; 
No damsel then was worth a pin, whate'er it might have cost her, 
Till gentle Johnny Tilsby came, and invented pins in Glo'ster.* 

Your fine cathedral when I saw, tho' much I was delighted, 
Yet in the whisp'ring gallery I got most sadly frighted ; 
Some question there I asked myself, when not a soul was near me, 
And suddenly an answer came, as if the walls could hear me. 

The Severn, full of Salmon fine, enriches low and high land, 
And then, for more variety, you've got a little island ; 
Of which I've read a Taylor's Tale, a dozen verses long, sirs, 
And may I go Old Harry, if it's not a clever song, sirs. 

George Ridler's Oven, I've been told, contains some curious jokes, 

sirs, 

And very much of it is said by many Glo'ster folks, sirs ; 
But ovens now are serious things, and from my soul I wish, sirs, 
Your ovens here may ne'er want bread to fill the poor man's dish, 

sirs. 

Now if you will but all forgive this slight attempt at rhyme, sirs, 
I'll promise, like the little boys, to mend another time, sirs ; 
May health with every blessing join this company to foster, 
Till, with your leave, some future time I come again to Glo'ster ! 

GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

It has been stated that this ballad was composed by Charles 
Dibdin, who, paying a visit to Gloucester, was pressed by some 
friends to leave a memento behind him. Another copy, likewise 
undated, bears the well-known imprint, "Kaikes, Southgate Street." 

EDITOR. 

1016. COLONEL SEYMOUR. In Walpole's Anecdotes of Painters 
(4to, 1798), p. 390, there is mention of "Colonel Seymour, a 
noted painter in the reign of Queen Anne." With reference to him 
the Rev. H. T. Ellacombe writes thus in his History of the Parish 
of Bitton (1881-3), p. 89 : "I have not succeeded in identifying 
this man, but that he was one of the family [Seymour of Bitton] 
may be assumed from several old portraits at the Rectory House, 
and small portraits of King William and Queen Mary, and a clever 
panoramic view of Bitton Church and its surroundings, and a large 
picture of Bitton Church now in my possession." Can any reader 
help to prove his identity ? Q. ^. ^ 

1017. HOLE SILVER : WAKE SILVER. Sir John Maclean wrote 
as follows in Notes and Queries (6 th S. ix. 467), June 14, 1884 : 
" Can any reader of * N. & Q.' assist me to the purport of these 
terms ? They occur in the court rolls of the Seven Hundreds of 

* See ante, vol. i., p. 322. ED. 
TOL. III. B 



18 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Cirencester, Co. Gloucester, viz, view of frankpledge for Crow- 
thorne Hundred held November 11, 3 Elizabeth : 

"'Duntesborne Abbottes.-The Tithingman, being there exacted 
and being sworn, doth present that the rents certain at this view 
called hole silver [are] two shillings, and of a fine of Wake three 



C ' 'Preston. The Tithingman, being there exacted and being 
sworn, doth present that there is nothing of rents certain, but a 
fine called Waksilver due at this view three pence.' 

" < Summary of Holesilver.Of certain monies paid without 
divers vills called holesilver, namely, of Dunstborne Abbots, 2s. ; 
Estington, 13s. 4=d. ; Coin Rogers, 6s. Sd. ; Coin St. Alwins, 5s.; 
Lechturise, 6s.'" 

Someone may be able to supply the required information. 

G. A.W. 

1O18. DIGHTON QUERIES. The following queries may perhaps 
elicit the information desired : 

1. I am anxious to obtain particulars of the genealogy of Isaac 
Dighton, merchant, of Bristol, and of his connection (if any) with 
Dighton Street in that city. Has any account of him appeared in 
print 1 Some of your readers may be able to enlighten me. 

2, Is anything known of the descendants of Thomas Hailing 
and Susanna Dighton, both of Stroud, who were married at 
Eastington, Feb. 11, 1717? CONWAY DIGHTON. 

Maisemore Vicarage, Gloucester. 

As mentioned in Arrowsmith's Dictionary of Bristol (1884), 
p. 266, Dighton Street and other streets in the neighbourhood of 
King Square were commenced in 1755. The street was so called 
in compliment to the Dighton family, several of whom have been 
buried in St. James' Churchyard. EDITOR. 

1O19. THE BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND HIS SUGAR-LOAF. 
In the accounts of the churchwardens of St. Helen's, Bishopsgate, 
London, there is this entry : 

"1609. Item for a sugar loafe waying vij lbs & x ounces at 
xviij d the pound for my Lord Bishop of Gloucester ..... 11 s 4 d ." 

Can you throw any light upon this curious note ? The bishop 
at the time was Henry Parry, D.D., subsequently of Worcester. 

King's College, London. THEOPHILUS PITT. 

1020. "BACK," AS USED IN BRISTOL, What may be the 
meaning and derivation of the term " Back," as applied to sundry 
parts of Bristol, e.g., The Back, Welsh Back, Temple Back, St. 
Augustine's Back, St. James' Back, and Kedcliffe Back 1 j. G> 

In Barrett's History of Bristol (1789), p. 72, we may find an 
explanation : " Before this [the Quay] was made, the usual place, as 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 19 

Leland says, for landing goods out of the ships was at the Back 
[back, or bek, a Saxon word for a river], where was the old Custom- 
house, .... The Quay being compleated, and the marsh of Bristol 
thereby effectually divided from that of St. Augustin, houses and 
streets began to be built there ; Marsh-street terminated with a 
chapel, dedicated to St. Clement, and a gate ; and Back-street with a 
gate also, and a chapel near it, dedicated to St. John, and belonging 
to St. Nicholas : the church of St. Stephen and its dependent 
parish, and the buildings between the Back and the Quay, seem to 
have taken their rise at this period, and were all inclosed with a 
strong embattled wall, externa or secunda mcenia urbis, extending 
from the Key to the Back, where King-street has since been built." 
Eeferring to this quotation, which had appeared in Notes and 
Queries (1 st S. ix. 517), Mr. S. W. Singer replied in vol. xii., 
p. 11 : "If Barrett's conjecture as to the origin of this word, as 
locally applied at Bristol, is to be admitted, it would perhaps rather 
be a ferry than a river, from which it originated. The following 
extract from a curious little volume"* tends to show that this was 
the case : ' Sur la Tamise est basty un pont de pierre oeuvre fort 
rare et excellent. Ce pont a vingt arches faictes de pierre, de 60 
pieds de haulteur et de 30 pieds de large, basties en facon de voulte. 
Sur le pont de coste et d'autre y a maisons, chambres et greniers, en 
sorte qu'il semble mieux estre une rue qu'un pont. Quant a la 
fondation du dit pont, faict a noter qu' au commencement il n'y 
avoit apparence de pont, mais c'estoit un bac, pour passer y repasser 
les gens et les marchandises amene'es a Londres. Par ce bac le 
passager s'enrichit merveilleusement, pour 1' occupation qu'il en fait 
par longues annees. Apres son de"ces, il le laissa par legs testa- 
mentaire a line sienne fille nomm^e Marie Andery [1. Overy]. Elle 
s'estant saisie des biens de defuncts ses pere et mere, et apres aussi 
avoir amasse tout plein de biens par le moyen du dit bac, fut 
conseilMe de fonder une Religion de Nonnains, un peu au-dessus du 
Choeur de 1'Eglise qui depuis fut appellee Saincte Marie Andery 
(i.e. St. Mary Overies), aux fauxbourg de Soutwark lez Londres, 
en laquelle elle fut enterree. A 1'entretenement de laquelle 
Eglise, icelle Marie donna par testament ledict bac et les 
profits provenants d'icelluy,' &c. (Sig. L. iiij.) It is evident 
that Sac is here used for Ferry, but it strictly meant the vessel, 
or rather movable bridge, by means of which carriages, horses, and 
passengers were ferried over, as appears from that valuable old 
dictionary of Nicot, the prototype of our worthy Cotgrave : * BAG, 
ra. acut. est un grand bateau a passer charrettes, chevaux, et gens 
de pied d'un bord de riviere h autre. PONTO, en Latin : Lequel 
mot retenants en maint lieux, celuy qui passe 1'eau aux allans et 
venans est appelle" Pontonier, qu' on dit en autres endroits Passagier, 

* Diseours des plus Memorables faicts des Roys et grands Seigneurs d'Angleterre, &c. Plua 
une Traicte dela Guide des Cnemins, les assiettes et Description des principales ViUes, Chateuaux 
et Rivieres d'Angleterre, par Jean Bernard, 12, a Paris, 1579. 



20 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

et Barquerol pour le mesme.' It is singular that Stow, in his 
Survei/of London, has related the same account of the origin of 
the Priory of St. Mary Overies, which he is said to have obtained 
from Bartholomew Linsted, the last prior, but which Tanner says 
' is not confirmed by any other authority in print or manuscript 
that had occurred to him.' We have here, at least, an earlier 
authority than Stow by twenty years. W T hether the tradition was 
derived by Jean Bernard from the same source or not, does not 
appear." 

In Ricarfs Kalendar, edited by Miss Lucy Toulmin Smith for 
the Camden Society (1872), p. 40, there is this entry under the 
year 1449 : "This yere the Bakke of Bristowe was repayred, al 
the egis of it and of the slyppes, with free stone ; " and also this 
foot-note : " The Back is a river-side street extending along the 
Avon southwards from Bristol Bridge. Back is a name of several 
streets in Bristol, as Augustine's Back, Eedcliff Back, St. James' 
Back (see under date 1484), and appears to mean the street at the 
back of the water, not to be the word beck, as has been suggested, 
which would be applied to the water itself, not to the street." 

EDITOR. 

1021. STRANGE EPITAPH IN ASHTON-UNDER-HILL CHURCH. 
The inscription below is in the chancel of the parish church of 
Ashton-under-hill, near the south door, and on the wall between 
that door and the altar-rail. It is not connected with any other 
epitaph or inscription. Can you, or any of your readers, give me 
information respecting it ? You may depend upon the spelling and 
punctuation. ' HEBBEBI Nw 

Green Hill, Evesham. 

" Reader what needes a panegyricks skill, 
A limmers pensill or a poets quill, 
They are but miserable comforters 
When badd ones die that paint their sepulchers ; 
And when the life in holines is spent 
The naked names a marble monument : 
To keepe from rotting piety and almes 
Do farr excell the best ^Egiptian balmes ; 
Then whosoere thou art this course is safe, 
Live live thy selfe both toombe and epitaph. 
" Amoris ergo posuit 

"Aprils Anodom 1651" 

1022. GLOUCESTER "SAVED FROM THE KING'S MINES." Mr. T. 




, , . L>J ***o jjaooauc ; xiio tiaillUlUJ 

and horses in a quiet night will be heard some miles off.' . . . 
t all if one set a drum smooth upon the ground, and lay 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 21 

one's ear to the upper edge of it, ' &c. On which the copy in my 
possession (ed. 1669) has the following marginal note in a contem- 
porary hand : * Thus Gloucester was saved from the King's mines 
by y e drum of a drunken drumer.' To what event does this refer, 
and where shall I find an account of it 1 It evidently happened 
during the civil wars, but Clarendon has no mention of it. " Let 
me ask someone, even at the eleventh hour, to explain. 

G. A. W. 

1023. PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION FOR GLOUCESTERSHIRE, 1776. 
I have a printed copy of the "Return of the Poll" for a 
Gloucestershire election held as far back as 1776; and as its publi- 
cation may at this time interest some of your readers, I give a 
verbatim copy : 

"Glocester,May 6, 1776. 

At the Close of the Poll this Day the numbers stood thus : 

In C. B. 

Barton Regis and Henbury 43 26 

Langley and Swineshead and Pucklechurch ... 40 12 
Thornbury and Grumbaldsash ... ... ... 25 25 

Longtree 51 34 

Cirencester, Brightwell's Barrow, Crowthorne, and 

Minety 34 27 

Deerhurst, Tewkesbury, and Tibblestone... ... 24 55 

Kiftsgate 8 34 

Whitstone 44 31 

Berkeley 17 19 

Botloe, Dutchy of Lancaster, and Westminster ... 35 22 
Dudstone and King's Barton ... ... ... 21 24 

Slaughter and Bradley 10 48 

Bisley 44 37 

Cleeve, Cheltenham, and Rapsgate ... ... 19 35 

St. Briavel's, Westbury, and Bledisloe 30 34 

Total ... 445 463 
Majority only 18 HUZZA ! " 

I shall be glad to learn the names of the gentlemen designated 
under the initials " C." and " B.", and their politics. A comparison 
of the numbers polled from the different places is not devoid of 
interest, as Bisley could muster more than either Cheltenham or 
Cirencester, and was within five of heading the list, which distinction 
was won by Longtree. ^ 

Stroud. 

Our correspondent has furnished a return of only the first day's 
polling. There is a 4to book of 104 pages, published by authority, 
and entitled An Accurate Copy of the Poll, taken before Henry 
Lippincott, Esq., High-Sheriff of the County of Glocester, at the 



22 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Election of a Knight of the Shire for the said County, in the room 
ft) "present Lord Clifford, etc. ; and from it one may glean full 
The contest, which was stoutly carried on, began on 
ay May 6 and ended on Friday May 17, 1776 ; and the 
candidates, whose respective politics need not be specified were, 
William Bromley Chester, Esq., and the Honourable George Berkeley. 
The former received 2,920 votes, and the latter 2,873 ; therefore 
Mr Chester was returned with a majority of 47 over his opponent. 
As our correspondent has given an analysis of the first day s polling, 
it may be satisfactory to the reader to know the state of the polling 
from each hundred at the close of the contest : 

C. B. TOTAL. 

Barton Regis and Henbury 499 141 640 

Langley, Swineshead, and Pucklechurch 248 45 293 

Thornbury and Grumbaldsash 263 100 363 

Longtree 231 149 380 

Cirencester, Brightwell's Barrow, Crowthorne, 

andMinety 199 122 321 

Deerhurst, Te wkesbury, and Tibaldstone 256 151 407 

Kiftsgate - 226 181 407 

Whitstone 139 148 287 

Berkeley 140 348 488 

Botloe, Duchy of Lancaster, and Westminster 175 284 459 

Dudstone and King's Barton 97 182 279 

Slaughter and Bradley 134 203 337 

Bisley Ill 165 276 

Cleeve, Cheltenham, and Eapsgate 65 251 316 

St. Briavel's, Westbury, and Bledisloe 137 403 540 

Total 2,920 2,873 5,793 

Longtree, as appears from the foregoing, was very far from 
maintaining its position at the head of the list. EDITOR 

1024. SIR JONATHAN TRELAWNY, BART., D.D., BISHOP OF 
BRISTOL. What I send has appeared in the Gentleman 1 s Magazine 
(Nov., 1827), vol. xcvii., pt. ii., p. 409, with this prefatory remark 
by Mr. Davies Gilbert : " Since any trifle," indicative of public 
sentiment at a time so interesting as that of the Revolution, cannot 
fail of being thought worth recording by many of your readers, I 
take the liberty of requesting that the following communication 
may be inserted : " 

" AND SHALL TRELAWNY DIE ? 

"The strong sensation excited throughout England by that 
decisive act of bigotry, tyranny, and imprudence, on the part of 
King James the Second, by which he committed the Seven Bishops 
to the Tower, was in no district more manifestly displayed than in 
Cornwall, notwithstanding the part taken by that county in the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 23 

Civil War. This was, probably, in a great degree occasioned by 
sympathy with a most respected Cornish gentleman, then Bishop of 
Bristol, as appears from the following song, which is said to have 
resounded in every house, in every high-way, and in every street : 

" A good sword and a trusty hand, 

A merry heart and true ; 
King James's men shall understand 
"What Cornish men can do. 

" And have they fix'd the where and when t 

And shall TRELAWNY die ? 
Then twenty thousand Cornish men 
Will know the reason why ! 

" Out spake the Captain brave and bold, 

A merry wight was he, 

Though London Tower were Michael's hold,* 
We'd set TRELAWNY free ! 

" We'll cross the Tamar, land to land, 

The Severn is no stay ; 
And side by side, and hand in hand, 
And who shall bid us nay 1 

" And when we come to London Wall, 

A pleasant sight to view, 
Come forth ! come forth ! ye cowards all, 
Here are better men than you. 

" TRELAWNY he's in keep and hold ; 

TRELAWNY he may die ! 
But twenty thousand Cornish bold 
Will know the reason why." 

The Seven Bishops were, William Sancroft, Archbishop of 
Canterbury ; William Lloyd, Bishop of St. Asaph ; Thomas Kenn, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells ; Francis Turner, Bishop of Ely ; John 
Lake, Bishop of Chichester ; Thomas White, Bishop of Peter- 
borough ; and Sir Jonathan Trelawny, Bishop of Bristol, who, having 
been consecrated for that see November 8, 1685, was translated to 
Exeter in April, 1689, and thence to Winchester in 1707, and died 
July 19, 1721. C. 

This ballad, beyond all doubt, was written as late as the year 
1825, and by the Rev. Robert S. Hawker, M.A., who then held 
the vicarage of Morwenstow, Cornwall (see his Ecclesia, a volume 
of poems, pp. 91-93) ; and the refrain, two lines only, is all that is 
of ancient date ! It is some comfort, however (as the editor of Notes 
and Queries acknowledges, 2 nd S. xi. 16), when one makes a 
mistake, to do so in good company, viz., in that of Lord Macaulay (see 
his History of England) ; the late Davies Gilbert, Esq., himself a 

* St. Michael's Mount. 



24 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Cornish man; and Sir Walter Scott as will be seen from the 
following note by Mr. Hawker to his Song of the Western Men: 
" With the exception of the chorus, contained in the two last lines, 
the son" was written by me, as an imitation of the old English 
Minstrelsy, and was inserted in a Plymouth paper in 1825. It 
happened to fall into the hands of Davies Gilbert, Esq., who did 
me the honour to reprint it at his private press at East Bourne, 
under the impression that it was the original ballad. I have been 
still more deeply gratified by an unconcious compliment from the 
critical pen of Sir Walter Scott. In a note [an essay prefixed] to 
the fourth volume of his collected Poems, p. 12, he thus writes of 
the Song of the Western Men : ' In England the popular ballad 
fell into contempt during the seventeenth century ; and although 
in remote counties its inspiration was occasionally the source of a 
few verses, it seems to have become almost entirely obsolete in the 
Capital.'" Sir Walter has added in a foot-note : "A curious and 
spirited specimen occurs in Cornwall, as late as the trial of the 
Bishops before the Eevolution. The President of the Eoyal 
Society of London [Mr. Davies Gilbert] has not disdained the 
trouble of preserving it from oblivion." 

As a copy of the late Mr. Hawker's Ecclesia cannot easily be 
consulted, it may be well to mention that the ballad in question 
has been reprinted in his Cornish Ballads and other Poems (Oxford 
and London, 1869), pp. 1, 2 ; and that in a note, in which he 
refers to the mistake made by Mr. Davies Gilbert, Sir Walter 
Scott, and Lord Macaulay, he also states that his production " was 
praised under the same persuasion by Mr. Dickens, who inserted 
it at first as of genuine antiquity in his Household Words, but 
who afterwards acknowledged its actual paternity in the same 
publication." There are a few slight differences between the 
authorized version and the one given above. Thus, 1. 4, for "men" 
in the latter read "lads"; 1. 7, for "Then" read "Here's"; 1. 9, 
for " the " read " their "; 1. 11, for " Though " read If "; 1. 12, 
for "We'd" read "We'll"; 1. 15, for "And side by side " read 
" With ' one and all '"; 1. 20, for " Here are better men than you " 
read "Here's men as good as you"; and 1. 23, before "twenty" 
insert "here's." EDITOR> 

1025. BRISTOL, A "CiTY OF CHARITIES." Mrs. Anne Beale 
has condensed into the following brief article in the Quiver (1882), 
pp. 488-90, a history of Bristol from the charitable point of view ; 
and though there is nothing very new therein, it will be 
acceptable as showing how some of the points of interest in our 
B history have struck a visitor. BRISTOLIENSIS. 

Wandering over Clifton Downs, we find ourselves asking 
why Bristol has been called a "City of Charities." We see that 
,t deserved its ancient name of Caer Oder, or Town of the Gap, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 25 

because the chasm through which the Avon finds a passage to the 
sea lies beneath us. Besides, we have heard the legend of the 
giants Vincent and Goram. These giants resolved to hollow a way 
through the rocks for the river to meet the sea. Each chose a 
different spot for his labours, some miles apart. As they had but 
one pick between them, they were obliged to work by turns, and 
to throw it from one to the other ; so while one toiled the other 
rested. Goram was in the habit of reposing in a massive chair 
hollowed out of the rock on the ravine he was cutting, and one day 
it happened that the pick arrived unadvisedly ; struck him on the 
head and killed him, so Vincent had the huge tool to himself. No 
sooner was Goram dead, than the impertinent rivulet, Tryrn, forced 
its way through the passage he had meant for the Avon, and danced 
away beneath his big chair. But Vincent hacked on at his rocks 
until he had the satisfaction of seeing the imprisoned Avon flow 
majestically through them towards the ocean, and of hearing them 
named after him, St. Vincent's rocks. We do not know why they 
made a saint of him, unless it was for the utility of his work. 

Be this as it may, Bristol was formerly "The Town of the 
Gap;" why is it now a "City of Charities'?" General statistics 
answer our question in part. They tell us that she possesses forty 
religious societies, forty charity-schools, and forty general charities. 
Forty is evidently the golden number of Bristol. 

We have only to keep our eyes open to see, and our ears to hear 
of these said charities, so we will make our own observations. 
Turn where we will, there they are. We meet them wherever we 
walk, for that unsectarian preacher the weather, being in his most 
eloquent mood, draws them in flocks to his great open-air meetings 
on the Downs .... Artistic patches of scarlet, flitting 
amongst the rocks and brushwood, first attract us. These are 
" The Red Maids ; " and Alderman Whitson must have had an eye 
to the picturesque, when he willed that the hundred girls, fed, 
clothed, and taught for ever by his bounty, should be thus clad. 

As we wander on, we meet boys in various costumes. First, 
the Bristol Blue-coat boy, with his long gown and cap, buckled 
belt and buckled shoes, and the badge of the Dolphin on his breast. 
They owe food, clothing, and education to the rich merchant 
Colston; and their badge commemorates an incident in his life. 
A dolphin was found in one of his great ships, stopping a leak that 
would otherwise have sunk the vessel. Chatterton wore this 
badge as Colston boy till he was fourteen, and reflecting on him, 
we are transported for the moment to the beautiful church of 
St. Mary Kedcliff, below, in Bristol City. We saw it but 
yesterday, and must confess that one thought rose, with the 
symmetrical arches, pierced to the remote chapels, spread through 
nave, transept, aisles, and choir, melted into the "dim religious 
light" of the glorious windows, hovered even about the chancel, 
and finally softened into tears in the muniment-room. This 



26 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

thought was Chatterton. It was there "The marvellous boy" 
dreamed, pondered, wrote, hoped, despaired. There was the 
" Canynge's cofre " in which he affirmed his father found his 
wonderful manuscripts; there were the monuments and antiquities 
that fed his ardent imagination there the mysterious influence 
that worked on his excitable nature 

And outside the church stands his monument, a sadder satire 
still. Dead, he yet lives in effigy, as a Colston schoolboy on a 
stone pinnacle. Dead, he yet lives in story, a warning to aspiring 
youth, a lesson to responsible man 

But we must rein-in the memories and imaginations of the past, 
and think of Clifton Downs, and the realities of the present. 

Scarcely have the blue-coated Colston boys disappeared, before 
they are succeeded by another and yet another charity. The 
schools seem innumerable. There are more blue-coat boys, but 
these are capless and badgeless ; and many-costumed girls, 
maintained by the bounty of some bygone merchant prince. 
There are children from asylums, hospitals, and orphanages ; and 
every charity appears to be represented on the Downs. 

But perhaps the most remarkable is that built on Ashley Downs, 
at no great distance. Here Mr. Miiller planted his orphanage some 
years ago, and it has grown into a small parish. He prayed, and 
the Father of the fatherless heard and answered. One orphan was 
first given into his keeping, and he has now thousands, supported 
by that prayer which sceptics declare valueless 

But Bristol has not been called a " City of Charities " from its 
orphanages alone. Even on the Downs we see the aged, sick, and 
infirm from multitudinous almshouses, hospitals, and asylums ; and 
we hear much of missions, ancient and modern. As usual, the 
ladies are identical with the charities. They visit the sick poor iu 
Union and Home, superintend mothers' meetings, provident clubs, 
teetotal halls, schools, uniformed and ragged, and aid generally to 
purify the moral air of the city. We are glad to find that they, 
have instituted a Preventive Mission with a view to supersede the 
Penitentiary, thus offering a Home to prevent degradation, instead 
of a Refuge when degraded. It is also pleasant to hear that, while 
caring for their fellow-creatures, they are not unmindful of the 
brute creation. Cab-drivers and donkey boys withhold whip and 
stick at sight of these opposers of cruelty to animals ; and as a rule 
donkeys look less oppressed than their brethren elsewhere, and 
speak well for the ladies and the air and herbage of the Downs. 

>gs and cats have also their female champions. Trays of food 
may be seen at certain doors for the unfriended " strays : " and so 
their doubtful lease of life is lengthened. But perhaps the most 
valuable fruit of Bristol's preventive mission to animals is visible 
on 3 Quay, m the large fountains and troughs of water prepared 
for them against they are landed from the crowded vessels . 

stol is certainly a hive of busy bees in which there are many 
working queens and few drones. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 27 

Pondering these things, we linger on the Downs till evening's 
shadows fall, and the tide conies in. Hitherto we have only seen 
the mud-bed of the Avon uncovered by its sheet of water; now 
the river flows beneath St. Vincent's rocks, wide, full, majestic, and 
the giant's good work becomes apparent. Many vessels that have 
been awaiting the tide at the Avon's mouth now glide down its 
breast, and one might wander far and not meet a fairer scene. The 
soft twilight slowly deepens over the Downs, and the blended hues 
of sunset are reflected by the river and welcomed by rocks, woods, 
and greensward. In the distance the Suspension Bridge looks like 
some aerial passage laid by fabulous hands from rock to rock 
while the vessels glide beneath it like birds in the abysmal depth 
and darkness. The red light of each steamer might be a fire-fly 
perched on the crest of these trailing water-birds, and the steam-shriek 
their night cry. One by one they swee.p under the chain-work so 
immeasurably above them towards the great merchant city. Few 
have the white wings of the argosies that formerly wafted gold to 
the inhabitants; but none the less do they bear their freight of 
wealth to the modern Phoenicians. As the tide rises and night 
gathers, nothing but these red lights are visible on the river, and 
they gleam like jewels on her swelling breast. They flit on and 
on, and disappear in the obscurity as they near their Tyre. It seems 
strange to stand so high above and watch them in their dense depth 
below. Stranger still to reflect on past and present, time and 
change, God's works and man's works, while the curtain of night 
falls on this "City of Charities." 

1026. EPISCOPAL LICENCES TO MID WIVES. In Notes and 
Queries (1 st S. ii. 499) Mr. Thomas Kerslake, of Bristol, wrote 
upon this subject, as follows : I have a manuscript volume which 
belonged to Bishop Warburton, and apparently to other bishops of 
Gloucester before him; containing, amongst other Pontificalia, in 
writing of various ages, a number of forms of licences, among 
which occurs " Licentia Obstetricis," whereby the bishop " eandem 
A. B. ad exercendam Artem et Oflicium Obstetricis in et per totain 
Diocesin Gloucestrensem praedictam admisit et Literas Testimonials 
superinde fieri decrevit." There is no mention of charms or 
incantations [which had been referred to by another correspondent, 
p. 408,] in the licence, but the oath " de jure in hac parte requisite," 
is required to have been made. The form is of the same writing 
as several others which bear dates from 1709 to 1719. Below [but 
Mr. Kerslake has not given it] is a memorandum of the fees, 
amounting to 17*. 6df. j Q. 

1027. "To BURL," A PROVINCIALISM. Mr. Albert Way wrote 
as follows in Notes and Queries (1 st S. iii. 204), March 15, 1851 : 
In the report of the evidence regarding the death of Mrs. HaJJiway, 
at Chipping Sodbury, supposed to have been poisoned by her 
husband, the following dialectical expression occurs, which may 



28 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

deserve notice. One of the witnesses stated that he was invited 

by Mr. Hathway to go with him into a beer-house in Frampton 

Cotterell, and " have a tip," but he declined. " Mr. H. went in, 

and called for a quart of beer, and then came out again, and I went 

in. He told me ' to burl out the beer, as he was in a hurry ' ; and 

I 'burled ; out a glass, and gave it to him." (Times, Feb. 28.) I 

am not aware that the use of this verb, as a provincialism, has been 

noticed; it is not so given by Boucher, Holloway, or Halliwell. 

In the Cumberland dialect, a birler, or burler, is the master of the 

revels, who presides over the feast at a Cumberland bidden-wedding, 

and takes especial care that the drink be plentifully provided. 

(Westmoreland and Cumberland Dialects, London, 1839.) Boucher 

and Jamieson have collected much regarding the obsolete use of the 

verb to birle, to carouse, to pour out liquor. See also Mr. Dyce's 

notes on Elynour Rummyng, v. 269. (Skelton's Works, vol. ii., 

p. 167.) It is a good old Anglo-Saxon word byrlian, propinare, 

haurire. In the Wycliffite versions it occurs repeatedly, signifying 

to give to drink. See the glossary to the valuable edition lately 

completed by Sir F. Madden and Mr. Forshall. In the Promptorium 

Parvulorum, vol. i., p. 51, we find "Bryllare of drynke, or 

schenkare: Bryllyn, or schenk drynke, propino : Bryllynge of 

drynke," &c. T 

J. IjT. 

1028. CROCKET'S HOLE. (See No. 41.) As reported in the 
Gloucestershire Chronicle, July 12, 1884, the Malvern Naturalists' 
Field Club paid a visit to May Hill, and also to Crocket's Hole, 
not far from_ Newent, a cavity ten or twelve yards in extent, 
where, according to tradition, some persons immured themselves 
during the reign of Queen Mary to avoid the burning to which 
recusants from the faith were liable. The entrance to the cavern 
had become obscured, but the roof having recently fallen in, access 
was obtained by a ladder, and some of the party descended to explore, 
and found a few bones, but whether of men or animals could not 
be determined with certainty. At a later stage in the day's 
proceedings Mr. Piper, vice-president, read a paper giving an 
account of the tradition respecting Crocket's Hole. What became 

Crocket is unknown, but a man named Home, who was his 
companion m the cave, having exposed himself, was seized, and 
burnt at the stake in Newent. His wife, who professed similar 
opinions to her husband, was also arrested, but objecting to be 
burned she recanted, saved her life, married again, and forgot her 
martyred husband. The bones found in the cavern, possibly 
opS SGnt t0 an anatomical ex P e rt in London for his 

G. A. W. 



CHURCH OF ST. MART, 

^ meeting of the Somersetshire 

and Natural History Society, held at Shepton Mallet 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 29 

in the last week of August, 1884, Mr. E. A. Freeman is reported 
in the Bristol Times and Mirror and other newspapers of the 27th, 
when moving a vote of thanks to Lord Carlingford, to have 
expressed himself in these terms : " Things [small domestic 
antiquities old houses and portions of houses] were still perishing 
over the country, and sometimes a thing was finished that he could 
not help thinking it would have been better to have left as it was. 
The tower of St. Mary Kedclifife was left unfinished, and the man 
who left it so knew its proportions better than those who finished 
it." I was present, and can testify that Mr. Freeman appeared to 
have no doubt whatever as to what he said with reference to 
St. Mary Redcliffe ; but what is really the state of the case ? It 
could not, I think, be more clearly laid before your readers than in 
.the words of Archdeacon Norris, in his Account of the Church 
of St. Mary Redcliffe (London, 1882), pp. 14-16 : 

It has been questioned by some whether in old days the church 
ever had a complete spire. On this point William Worcestre's 
testimony seems to me conclusive. Twice over he mentions the 
fact that the spire had lost 100 feet of its height in consequence of 
a great storm. Here are his words : " The square tower of Radclyff 

Church is 108 feet high The height of the spire, as 

it stands this day, although cut down by the misfortune of a 
storm and thunderbolt, is 200 feet, according to Norton's account, 
the master mason." So in another place he mentions 300 feet as 
the full height of the steeple, adding, "of which 100 feet were 
thrown down by a thunderbolt." If we may accept the date as 
given in several old MSS. one of which on a vellum roll in seven- 
teenth-century handwriting, copied apparently from an older chronicle, 
Mr. Taylor showed me in the Museum Library this storm occurred 
at St. Paul's tide, 1446. Some accounts put it 1445. Now 
Worcestre was thirty-one years of age at that time ; and having 
spent his youth in Bristol must have been perfectly familiar with 
the appearance of the spire both before and after the storm. Why, 
therefore, we should refuse to accept the statement of so matter-of- 
fact a person concerning an event which occurred in his own life- 
time, in his own native city, I cannot conceive. Only one difficulty 
occurs to me. The ancient north porch, with all its delicate work- 
manship, is at the very foot of the tower, being built against it, 
and shows no sign of any such injury. How the spire could fall 
without crushing it is a difficulty. I can suggest two solutions 
one that a very violent north wind made the spire fall over on its 
south side, clear of the porch. Another, and more probable 
solution, is that the lightning struck and rent the spire, and left it 
so unsafe that it was judged best to take it down as far as the rent 
extended. It seems to me clear that William Worcestre over- 
estimates the height of the steeple when he states that its height, 
when lowered, was 200 feet. As we remember it ten years ago its 
total height was only 140 feet, i.e., 110 of tower and 30 of 



30 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

truncated spire. And though it is quite possible that the spire was 
lowered a second time after Worcestre's time, yet the height he 
gives, 200 feet (i.e., 90 feet of spire), is inconsistent with his other 
statement that its diameter at the place of fracture was 16 feet. A 
diameter of 16 feet in our spire means a height of 60 feet above 
the leads i.e., 170 feet above the floor of the tower. And this I 
take to have been the height when Worcestre or Norton measured 
it. I conclude, therefore, that the spire was twice lowered : first, 
after the storm of 1446 ; and then again at some later period, 
perhaps after the terrible storm of 1545 or that of 1606. 

BKISTOLIENSIS. 

1030. THE RYLAND FAMILY. In a volume of 8vo pamphlets 
(which from an inserted label would seem to have been "No. 105, 
T. J. Rylands's Circulating Library, 23, Stokes' Croft," Bristol, 
but which is now in my possession,) there is this old manuscript 
memorandum : 

"1. John Ryland lived once at Seasoncote [Sezincot], & 
afterwards at Hinton on the Green, died Aug. 3, 1713. 

2. Joseph Eyland lived at Ditchford, and died at Swell, near 
Moreton in the Marsh, Gloucestershire. 

3. John Ryland, A.M., lived at Warwick, afterwards many 
years at Northampton, died at Enfield, near London, July 24, 1792. 

4. John Ryland, born at Warwick, lived at Northampton from 
1759 to 17 9-, then removed to Bristol. 

5. John Tyler Ryland was born at Northampton Dec. 9, 1786, 
& his dear Mother died about 6 weeks afterwards, who was 
Elizabeth, the Daughter of Rob fc and __ Tyler." 

A former owner of the volume (No. 5 in the above list) has 
likewise written:-" John Tyler Ryland, 1796, Son of John 
Ryand, Grandson of John Ryland, Great Grandson of Joseph 
Kyland, Great Great Grandson of John Ryland." 

The first of the pamphlets is a sermon, entitled The Certain 

Ina ease of the Glory and Kingdom of Jesus (Bristol, 1794), by the 

Sey. John Ryland, and preached at Chard, July 11, 1794, at the 

annual meeting of the Baptist Association. The second is a sermon 

n ^P 011 ' A ' M - (London ' 1792 )> entitled The gentle 
mts from Earth to Heaven; which was "occasioned 

6 - John 



fcp A 6 ^- John Ryiand > seni r > A - M -> wh 

age "and w J^ Wj* July 24 ' 1792 ' in the 69th ? of his 
' " reafirSt ^ ^ fuDera1 ' afc Northamton on 



cloisters of Bristol Cathedral, having 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 31 

been transferred from its original position on the old west wall, 
there is a marhle tablet with this inscription*: 

"Sacred to the memory of | William Ogilvie Porter, Esq r , 
M.D., | Surgeon in the Royal Navy, and for nearly forty years an 
eminent physician in this city : he was the author of ' Sir Edward 
Sea ward's Narrative', | 'Medical Ethicks', &c., &c. | He died in 
Portland Square [Bristol], on the 15 th August, 1850, | aged 76 
years. | 

" Of Colonel John Porter, who died | in the Isle of Man, in the 
year 1810 [1811], aged 38 years. | 

"Of Sir Robert Ker Porter, | Her Majesty's Minister at Venezuela : 
author of 'Travels in Babylon, Persia', &c., &c. | He died at 
St. Petersburg, 4 th May, 1842, aged 65 years. | 

" Of Miss Jane Porter, authoress of 'Thaddeus of Warsaw,' ' The 
Scottish Chiefs,' &c., &c. | She died in Portland Square, on the 
24 th of May, 1850, | aged 74 years. | 

" And of Miss Anna Maria Porter, authoress of ' Don 
Sebastian/ Hungarian Brothers,' &c., &c. | She died at Montpellier, 
in this city, on the 21 st June, 1832, | aged 52 years. | 

"William Porter, Esq r , Surgeon in the Enniskillen Dragoons, 
was the father of | this highly-gifted and most estimable family : 
he died at Durham, in the year of Our Lord 1780 [Sept. 8, 1779]. 
Their mother, M rs Jane Porter [nee Blenkinsop] died at Esher, in 
Surrey, | on the 18 th of June, 1831, aged 86 years. | 

" This tablet is erected by their devoted friend, | M rs Col e [sic] 
Booth, who died 23 rd Dec r , 1851." 

In St. Paul's Churchyard, Bristol, there is a flatstone with this 
inscription : 

"Here lies the body of Charles Lempriere Porter, | who 
departed this life 14 th February, 1831, | set. 31. | Here sleeps in 
Christ Anna Maria Porter, late of Esher, in Surrey : | born Dec., 
1779, died June, 1832. She was blessed with high mental endow- 
ments; her pen endited a good matter. She was still more 
blessed ; | * she sat at the feet of Jesus.' May they from whom 
thou art taken, blessed and beloved sister, | be so found of their 
Lord. | Also Phoebe, aged 79, wife of D r Porter, | Portland Square, 
who departed this | life the 20 th February, 1845. Also her 
grandson, | John Augustus Marlin, | aged 18, who died on the 11 th 
of | November in the same year. | Miss Jane Porter, a celebrated 
writer, | died on the 24 th May, 1850, aged 74 years. | W. 0. Porter, 
M.D., Surgeon in the Royal Navy, | died 15 fch August, 1850, aged 
76 years. He practised as a physician in this city | for nearly forty 
years, and wrote many | medical and other works." 

A correspondent asked in Notes and Queries (l sfc S. viii. 364): 
"Above the inscription on the tablet in Bristol Cathedral is a 
medallion of a portcullis surrounded by the word AGINCOURT, and 

*Mr. Pryce has given it, but \vith sundry inaccuracies, in his History of Bristol (1861), 
pp. 115, 116. 



32 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

surmounted by the date HI 5. What connexion is there between 
Agincourt and the Porter family? Did not Sir K. K. Porter write 
an account of Sir John Moore's campaign in the Peninsula? What 
is the title of the book ? Who was Charles Lempriere Porter (who 
died Feb. 14, 1831, aged thirty-one), mentioned on the Porter 
tombstone in St. Paul's Churchyard at Bristol ? Who was Phoebe, 
wife of Dr. Porter, who died February 20, 1845, aged seventy- 
nine, and whose name also occurs on this stone ? Did this family 
(which is now supposed to be extinct) claim descent from Endymion 
Porter, the loyal and devoted adherent of King Charles the 
Martyr?"* 

The editor himself replied to two of the above queries : 
" [1] It refers to Sir Robert Ker Porter's third great battle-piece, 
AGINCOURT ; which memorable battle took place October 25, 1415. 
Sir Robert presented it to the city of London, and it is still [1853] 
in the possession of the corporation : it was hung up in the 
Guildhall a few years since. [2] In 1808, Sir R. K. Porter 
accompanied Sir John Moore's expedition to the Peninsula, and 
attended the campaign throughout, up to the closing catastrophe of 
the battle of Corunna. On his return to England he published 
anonymously Letters from Portugal and Spain, written during the 
March of the Troops under Sir John Moore, 1809, 8vo." 

Another correspondent wrote in reply, p. 526 of same volume : 
" 1. The reason of the word Agincourt being placed above the 
inscription in Bristol Cathedral is, that the Porter family were 
descendants of Sir William Porter who fought at Agincourt. 
2. Charles Lempriere Porter was the son of Dr. Porter. 3. This 
family was descended from Endymion Porter, of classic and loyal 
memory." 

A third wrote as follows, p. 576 : " Full particulars of the 
existing branch of this ancient family can be afforded by the 
Rev. Malcom Macdonald, of South End, Essex, chaplain to Lady 
Tamar Sharpe, the aunt and guardian of the representatives of Sir 
R. K. Porter." 

Two inaccuracies of date in the inscription in the Cathedral, as 
given above, were detected by " Dunelmensis," who sent the 
following correction to Notes and Queries ( 3 rd S. v. 289) : " It 
may be as well to notice two inaccuracies of date in the tablet on 
the west wall of Bristol Cathedral [now in the cloisters] erected by 
a 'devoted friend' in memory of the Porter family. Col. John 
Porter is said to have died in the Isle of Man in the year 1810, 
aged 38 years. It should have been 1811, as appears from a letter 
Miss Jane Porter, now lying before me, dated Nov. 18, 1811, 
in which she speaks of having lately been afflicted with the news 
ol the death of her brother John, who was the merchant in the 
ies. It would appear from the Gentleman's Magazine 

o whom frequent meution ha3 been 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 33 

that he died, poor fellow ! in Castle Rushen, an imprisoned debtor, 
on the 19th of August, leaving a widow and child. (Query, What 
became of them?,) The father of 'this highly-gifted and most 
estimable family ' is said to have died at Durham in the year of 
our Lord 1780. It should have been 1779. I add a copy of the 
inscription on his tombstone in the churchyard of St. Oswald's in 
Durham : * To the memory | of William Porter, | who was 
Surgeon 23 years to the | Inniskilling Regiment of Dragoons, | 
and departed this life the 8 th of | September, 1779, in the 45 th 
year of his age. | He was a tender husband, a kind father, | and 
a faithful friend.'" 

But the late Mr. George Pryce, of Bristol, very soon raised a 
question of mistaken identity, p. 368 of same volume: "After 
reading the account in the Gentleman's Magazine, referred to by 
4 Dunelmensis,' I am inclined to believe he is in error as to 
the identity of Colonel John Porter with the individual there 
mentioned. If, therefore, he will kindly furnish corroborative 
evidence of his statement, he will confer a benefit on the readers 
of 1 N. & Q.' The person who died in Castle Rushen was named 
John B. Porter, and there is not the slightest allusion to his 
having been in the army ; while the name on the Bristol tablet is 
Colonel John Porter, without any notice whatever of a second 
Christian name. From the remarks of your correspondent, we are 
to believe that the colonel was a merchant in the West Indies, 
just previously to Nov. 18, 1811. If so, how came he to die in 
Castle Rushen? where it appears that John B. Porter had been 
confined an insolvent debtor for ' two years and a quarter ; and 
when he died (says the Magazine), he was not possessed of a 
single shilling, and his widow was obliged to sell her bed to get 
him a coffin.' Surely the Porter family, who were in good 
circumstances, would not have allowed their brother to die in such 
abject poverty in a prison ! " 

To this " Dunelmensis " replied, p. 529 : "Mr. Pryce seems to 
doubt the identity of Col. John Porter, the eldest brother of the 
Misses Porter, with the ' unfortunate officer,' J. B. Porter, whose 
death in Castle Rushen prison is mentioned in the volume of the 
Gentleman's Magazine to which I before referred. I was always 
under the impression that John Porter, originally an officer in the 
army, having afterwards gone out as a merchant to Antigua, there 
fell a victim to its dangerous climate. The Bristol inscription, 
however, asserts that he died in the Isle of Man, though, as I have 
shown by an extract from one of Miss Porter's letters, the'date is 
given incorrectly. I cannot help coming to the conclusion, that 
the * merchant in the West Indies,' having probably been unfortunate 
in business, must have returned home, and was the ' J. B. Porter ' 
noticed in Mr. Urban's pages. The second initial probably stood 
for Blenkinsop, which was his mother's maiden name. Dr. Porter, 
of Bristol, is described on his first wife's tombstone at Durham, as 

VOL, III. C 



34 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

simply William Porter, M.D., though it appears he also had a 
second name, viz., Ogilvie. Both John and William were early in 
life withdrawn from their mother's charge, which may account for 
the younger portion of the family not being aware perhaps of the 
embarrassed state of John's affairs. In referring to his decease in 
the above-named letter, Miss Porter goes on to say, * He was not 
brought up with us like Robert, nevertheless we loved him as a 
brother, and mourn him as such.'" BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1032. SHAKESPEARE AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE. The following 
article by Mr. W. P. W. Phillimore, whose name is well known to 
the readers of these pages, has appeared in the Antiquary (July, 
1881), vol. iv., pp. 10, 11 : 

A passage from Shakespeare's play of King Henry IV., in which 
Davy is made to say to Justice Shallow, " I beseech you, sir, to 
countenance William Vizor, of Wincot, against Clement Perkes of 
the hill," and which is quoted by Mr. Hales in his article, " With 
Good Capon Lined," in the March number of the Antiquary, 
deserves a note of explanation in this magazine, as the real signi- 
ficance of the allusion to Vizor and Perkes, though pointed out in 
one or two local books, seems to have escaped the attention of most 
Shakespearian writers. Mr. G. E. French, indeed, has noticed the 
reference to Perkes in his " Shakespereana Genealogica," but only 
to infer from it that the poet was accustomed to take his local 
colouring from the people and places he was familiar with in 
Warwickshire. The fact, however, that the scene is fixed by the 
poet in Gloucestershire, and the introduction of these two names 
together, makes it almost certain that Shakespeare refers to Dursley 
in that county. " Wincot," or rather " Woncot," as some readings 
have it, is evidently a rude attempt to represent phonetically the 
local pronunciation of Woodmancote, a hamlet or suburb of Dursley, 
and " the hill " is yet the name by which Stinchcombe Hill on the 
other side of the town is pre-eminently known in the neighbourhood. 
Moreover, it is said that a family of Perkis was anciently possessed 
of a messuage on Stinchcombe Hill, and it is certain that the 
Vizars (or, as the name is now spelt, Vizard) have been a leading 
Dursley family from Shakespeare's time 'to the present day. 
Arthur Vizar, gent., whose tomb, dated 1620, still exists in Dursley 
churchyard, was bailiff there in 1612, four years before the poet's 
death. We can hardly doubt, therefore, that Shakespeare in this 
passage does allude to the Dursley Vizards, and from the very 
uncomplimentary way in which Justice Shallow speaks of William 
Vizor, it may be inferred that the poet had some personal spite 
against the Vizard of his time either Arthur Vizar, above 
mentioned, or perhaps some relative named William. 

In this instance people and places seem so clearly pointed at that 
it does appear as if Shakespeare occasionally satirized individuals, 
although this has been denied by some. Other evidence is not 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 35 

wanting to show that he was acquainted with Gloucestershire. The 
words of Northumberland in Richard II. are very appropriate, and 
bespeak a personal knowledge of this part of the county : 
" I am a stranger here in Gloucestershire ; 
These high, wild hills, and rough, uneven ways 
Draw out our miles, and make them wearisome." 
And a little further on Northumberland questions Harry Hotspur : 
" How far is it to Berkeley ? And what stir 

Keeps good old York there with his men of war?" 
And Percy replies : 

" There stands the castle by yon tuft of trees." 
All who are acquainted with the glorious view from the top of 
Stinchcombe Hill will acknowledge that Shakespeare's allusion to 
"the castle" is an accurate one, even at the present day. 

A local tradition even claims that Shakespeare once lived at 
Dursley, and " Shakespeare's Walk," near the town, is usually 
cited to prove the assertion. 

There are also indications which seem to suggest that Shakespeare 
may have had kinsmen in Gloucestershire. Persons bearing the 
name formerly lived in and about Dursley. Mr. Blunt, in his 
Dursley and its Neighbourhood, notes the marriage of Thomas 
Shakespeare, weaver, at Dursley, in 1678, and the subsequent 
baptisms of his children ; that another Thomas had a " seat-place " 
in the church allotted to him in 1739; that Betty Shakespeare 
obtained " poors' money " in 1754; that James Shakespeare was 
buried at Bisley in 1570; and that Edward, son of John and 
Margery Shakespurre, was baptized at Beverston in 1619. Other 
Shakespeares have been long settled at Newington Bagpath, not 
far from Dursley, and claim a traditional kinship with their great 
namesake. 

All these places are within a few miles of Dursley. Moreover, 
the Hathways, or Hathaways, were in like manner connected with 
Gloucestershire. The name is frequently found throughout the 
seventeenth century in the registers of Cam, the next village to 
Dursley; and at Kingscote, not far from Newington Bagpath, 
Thomas Hathway and John Hathway of Bulley were assessed " in 
goods" to a lay subsidy in 1571. The name also occurs in the 
Beverston registers, and is still to be met with in the neighbourhood. 

All these facts justify the conclusion that at some time 
Shakespeare visited Dursley, and became well acquainted with the 
district. It is not unlikely that his mariiage, in 1582, with Anne 
Hathaway, who was so much his senior, may have offended his 
Stratford friends, and compelled him to take refuge with his and 
his wife's kindred in Gloucestershire, some time between that date 
and his removal to London. Perhaps, too, as both families were 
near neighbours in Gloucestershire as well as in Warwickshire, 
there may have been some early relationship between them which 
afterwards brought about Shakespeare's alliance with the Hathaways. 



36 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

But enough, however, has been said to show the use of local 
knowledge to illustrate Shakespeare. 

1033 LETTER FROM WILLIAM PENN TO SIR EGBERT SOUTHWELL, 
1677.__Mr. Sholto V. Hare, of Knole Park, Almondsbury, wrote 
thus to the editor of a Bristol newspaper, 7th August, 1 884 : In 
looking over some valuable original autograph letters connected 
with Bristol, I came across one from William Penn (the founder of 
Pennsylvania), a copy of which I enclose in the actual spelling of 
the original. I should feel greatly obliged if you or any of your 
readers would say what was " the Bristoll Business." referred to, and 
also who were " the party I spoak to " and " thy Earl." 

My Worthy Friend, Lond : 19 th 4 m th 77. 

The Bearer, as of right he ought, and as every body else 
confesseth, tells me what a kind man thou art and with what 
on usual sweetness and condescension it hath pleas'd thee to treat 
him. this is to pray thy continuance of it, in moveing Secretary 
Bertie on his behalfe, you great men can best prevail upon one 
another. I was not onmindful of the Bristoll Business. The 
party I spoak to tells me y* thy Earl will deceive thee and make 
his markett upon the poor Gentleman, lett me have thy farther 
thoughts in it, they shall be faithfully answear'd so far as his Pow r 
reaches y* is. 

thy Assured ould Friend, 

W M PENN. 

I expect a farther account from W.C. 

(Addressed) For my worthy Friend 

S r Bob* Southwell. 

(Endorsed) 19 July 1677 (old style). 
From M r W m Penn. 

1034. LONGDEN FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER. In an old family 
Bible (a Breeches Bible of 1599), once belonging to Anne, eldest 
daughter of Richard Gwinnett, of Great Shurdingtoii (by his wife 
Anne, third daughter of William Capell, alderman, and thrice 
mayor of Gloucester), and wife of Thomas, eldest son of Eobert 
Longden, of Gloucester, and which is now in the possession of the 
Rev. Robert Knight Longden, rector of Brent Eleigh, Suffolk, 
there are the following memoranda: 

"Anne Gwinnett, 1672. 

"Mem. I was borne the 15 th May, 1651. I was Married att 
Shurdington the 15 th April], 1673. My first Child was borne the 
second day of Aprill, 1674. 

"My Sonne Robert was borne the 15 th day of March, 1674 
[1674-75], about 5 o'Clock in the Morning, and was Baptised the 
21 day of that Moneth. 

"My Daughter Anne was borne one Wednesday, 13 th December, 
1676 about 5 o'clocke in the after-noone, and was Baptised the 

th day of that Moneth. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 37 

" My Sonne Thomas was borne one Thursday, the 30 th May, 1678, 
about one o'clocke, and was baptised y e same houre. 

" My Sonne Caple was borne on Sunday, the 7th December, 
1679, about 7 or 8 o'Clock in the morneing, and was Baptised the 
14 th day of that Moneth. 

"My Daughter Eliz was borne on Tuesday, the 5 th Nov., 1681, 
betweene 8 or 9 o'Clocke in the afternoone, and was Baptised the 
6 th day of that Moneth. 

" My Second Sonne Thomas was borne on Wednesday, the 30 th 
May, 1683, about 5 o'Clocke in the afternoone, and was Baptised 
the 8 th Day of the next Moneth. 

[On another page] 

"Mem. My Son Joseph was borne on Thursday, the 13 th day 
of Nov., 1684, about 5 o'Clocke in the Morneing, and was 
Baptised the 23 rd day of that Moneth. 

"My daughter Mary was Borne on Sunday, y e 10 th Jan y , 1685, 
betweene 8 and 9 of the Clocke in y e After-Noone. 

"My Tenth Child was borne 9 th Aprill, 1688. 

"My Eleventh Child was borne 31 January, 1689." 

In the Bible there is a book-plate with the arms and crest of 
K. Longden. This is the earliest record that we have in the family. 

H. ISHAM LONGDEN. 
St. Michael and All Angels, Northampton. 

1035. CHARLES GIBBS, PARISH CLERK OF MATSON, AND HIS 
PREDECESSORS. 

" Far from the madding crowd's ignoble strife, 
Their sober wishes never learn'd to stray ; 
Along the cool, sequester'd vale of life 

They kept the noiseless tenour of their way." 

Gray's Elegy. 

On October 5, 1881, the worn-out frame of Charles Gibbs, clerk 
of Matson, was laid to rest in the parish churchyard. There is not 
much to tell of him that may not be told of any honest rustic who 
has striven to do his duty, and has done it well, unless it be 
concerning his great age. He was well-nigh a hundred years old. 
The Upton register contains the following entry : " Baptized, 
February 2, 1 783, Charles, son of Thomas and Martha Gibbs." He is 
said to have, been born at Moorend, and certainly his mother, who was 
left a widow in 1805, lived there within the remembrance of many 
Upton parishioners. He was a carpenter by trade, and had the 
reputation of being a good workman. The Eev, Henry Wintle, 
rector of Matson from 1831 to 1851, gave him frequent employment : 
and thus it probably was, that when the office of clerk became 
vacant by the death of John Feild in 1835, Gibbs was appointed. 
It is said that from that time until six or seven years ago the sturdy 
fellow was absent on one Sunday only from his post in the church. 
It mattered not what the weather was, Gibbs never failed (but on 



38 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

this one occasion, and then he was ill in bed) to call the parishioners 
to public worship. I am afraid the new era which dawned on 
Matson with the restoration of the parish church, was not altogether 
to the old man's tastes. The quaint old pews that shut out all 
except some privileged parishioners, were replaced by handsome 
open benches, and the eloquence of Mr. Bathurst, then rector of 
the parish, swelled the congregation from its average of five or six to 
nearly one hundred. The time came, too, when Gibbs was unable 
to wield a spade, and his occupation as sexton was gone. Still he 
clung to the office of clerk, till nearly all the duties of the office 
had disappeared. No longer were the responses listened to in silence 
by a respectful audience. The worshippers learned to use the 
power of vocal prayer and praise which God had given them, and 
the old man's voice was only heard amongst the rest. One day his 
familiar form was missing, and after a while, when the weather was 
unpropitious, we ceased to wonder that he came not. At length he 
came no more. He seems to have enjoyed many blessings in his 
home life. He had an excellent wife, a scholar in her way. For a 
long time, assisted by the late Mrs. Eodway, Mrs. Gibbs conducted 
a dame's school at Upton, in a building which stood within the 
churchyard gate on the south of the church. In 1845 a school- 
master was appointed, and the school was worked according to the 
modern ideas of education. Mrs. Rodway, with true humility, 
remained at her post, and adapted herself as best she could to the 
new rules, but Elizabeth Gibbs started a school of her own in the 
house now occupied by Mr. Clapham. Many of the inhabitants 
continued to send their children to her in preference to the new 
teacher, and an old parishioner of Upton has told me that he well 
remembered being taken by his mother, much against his will, to 
Mrs. Gibbs' school, "but," he added, "I was only a little marchant 
then." Elizabeth Gibbs died and was buried at Upton in April, 
1855, aged 63. The old couple left behind them one son, Charles 
Gibbs, and three daughters, all respectably married. Gibbs had a 
proud spirit of his own, and if a neighbour wanted to do him a 
service it had to be done very unobtrusively. He was partial to 
his favourites, and as distant to those he did not like. Up to 
within a few days of his death he took a deep interest in Matson, 
and was always pleased to hear any news of its inhabitants. About 
two years before he died he was removed by the parish authorities 
to the workhouse, where he was treated with much kindness and 
consideration, as he always assured his friends. From thence he 
went to his son-in-law's house in Eyecroft-street, where he died on 
the 30th September. Many of the old man's friends came to see 
him laid in his last earthly home, and ere they left the churchyard 
a fund was started for placing a headstone to his memory. 

It may interest the reader to have some notes on Charles Gibbs' 
predecessors as clerks of Matson, which the old man's death has 
led me to collect from the parish registers and other sources. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 39 

JOHN FEILD, clerk of Matson 1831-1835, belonged to a race of 
village pedagogues, extirpated by the educational laws of recent 
years. He lived in the old house in the centre of Sneedham's 
Green, where his father and grandfather had lived before him ; and 
-here it was that he kept a nourishing school. Mr. Charles Higgs, 
an old parishioner, was one of his pupils, and has a kindly remem- 
brance of his tutor. Charles Gibbs has often told me where John 
Feild was buried in Matson churchyard just below the north-west 
window of the church. JNo stone, 

"With uncouth rhymes and shapeless sculpture deck'd, 

Implores the passing tribute of a sigh." 

The clerk's son, Eichard Feild, was buried at Matson in 1839 ; but 
his widow long survived him, became an inmate of the workhouse, 
and, I fear, lies in an unknown pauper's grave. The Feilds, how- 
ever, were yeomen in the eighteenth century, and gentry in the 
seventeenth. Amongst the many noble altar-tombs with which 
Upton St. Leonards churchyard abounds, will be found more than 
one to the memory of his ancestors. As long ago as August 13, 
1693, Thomas Feild and Edith Freeman were married by licence 
in Matson Church, and there is a fine tomb fast falling to decay, at 
Upton, which commemorates the death of Edith, wife of Thomas 
Feild, of Gloucester, gentleman, and daughter of Rowland Freeman, 
gentleman, who died November 4, 1698, aged 23 years. This 
Rowland Freeman was an ancestor of the present clerk of Upton, 
and died in 1715. 

WILLIAM HARRIS died in January, 1832, aged 54, and lies 
in Matson churchyard, with his wife Ann, who died in 1851, aged 
74. There is a headstone to their memory. This worthy couple 
lived at Sudgrove, in the south hamlets. The parish registers 
contain the baptismal entries of several of their children, com- 
mencing in 1806. They had a numerous progeny, and when in 
1815 the curate of Maisemore came in haste to baptize their newly- 
born twins, the clerk and his wife bade him call them " Patience" 
and "Comfort." Though Harris was only a labourer, he was, I 
believe, closely connected with a family that had lived for many 
years at Matson, and had been by no means so lowly. They 
were tenants of Robins's Farm during the time of the Selwyns, 
and some of them occupied Matson House between the death 
of Albinia Selwyn in 1737, and that of Colonel John Selwyn 
in 1751. The Rev. Samson Harris,* M. A., vicar of Stonehouse, 
and domestic chaplain to Albinia Selwyn, and his brother, 
Alderman Benjamin Harris, George Selwyn's energetic ally, were, 
I have been told, of the same family. 

THOMAS MARDON died in May, 1821, at the age of 82. The only 
entry in the Matson registers concerning him is that of the baptism 
of Anne, daughter of Thomas and Margaret Marden. The Upton 

For particulars of Mr. Harris, see ante, vol. i., p. 210. ED. 



40 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

re<nstera give the baptism of his son Thomas, and of his grandsons 
Enoch and Thomas Mardon, who are still living in that parish. 
His parents were Moses and Mary Mardon, both clerks of Upton ! 
Moses Mardon died in 1757 ; and his wife's signature, as witness 
to several marriages, confirms the tradition that she succeeded to 
her husband's office. Thomas Mardon's signature as witness to a 
marriage first appears in 1768, and occurs frequently till 1805. 
His grandson, Enoch Mardon, now living at the corner of Winny- 
croft-lane, was born in 1800 ; and he remembers accompanying his 
grandfather to Matson Church, and ringing the bell for the old 
man. It is probable, therefore, that Mardon retained the clerkship 
till his death in 1821. He was also clerk of Upton ; but there was 
no difficulty about this, as there was only one service in each church, 
morning and afternoon alternately. 

JOHN WITCOMB died in February, 1761, at the age of 65. Some 
years ago, when alterations were being made in the churchyard 
pathway, the workmen came upon a headstone with the following 
inscription : 

" In memory of John Witcomb, late Clerk of this Parish, who 
died Feby y e 19 th , 1761, Mt. 65. .Also Bridget, his wife. She 
died May y e 18 th , 1759, Mt. 60. 

" Old age and sickness brought us home 

Unto the place where all must come ; 

Both young and old, prepare to die, 

To live with Christ eternally." 

The fact that this stone was overturned many years ago to serve as 
a paving stone accounts for its state of excellent preservation. In 
1753 marriages were ordered to be entered in a separate book ; but 
it does not appear that there were any at Matson from 1753 to 
1758. In that year John Witcomb's name appears as witness. 
The Witcombs have been resident in Upton and Matson for two 
hundred and fifty years at least, and have always held a conspicuous 
place amongst the yeomanry of the neighbourhood. 

THOMAS JENYNGES died in March, 1713. The name of 
" Jenynges " appears frequently in the old register, and often in 
strange places. Thomas Jenynges immortalized his signature at 
the foot of entries made a hundred years before his birth, and 
practised some parts of the service, which, I suppose, were his 
special favourites, on the covers and elsewhere. More than once 
he writes " Doe nee maner of," and on one occasion his pen runs off 
into a procession of capital D's. The baptism of his son and name 
sake on the llth of June, 1688, appears from its frequent entry to 
have been a matter of special interest to him. But he need not 
have placed it on almost every occasion amongst the entries of the 
16th century When I was engaged, some time ago, in transcribing 
register, I felt almost a satisfaction in copying the record of 
Thomas Jenynges' burial on the 8th of March, 1713 ; for then, I 
felt sure, I had seen the last of his scribbles. His widow, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 41 

Prudence Jenynges, was buried June 22, 1739. On the cover 
of the register appears a subtraction sum in Thomas Jenynges' 
handwriting : 1710 
1682 



28 

It probably relates to his daughter Prudence, who was born in 
1682 ; but as it is stated in the diocesan transcripts that there 
were no burials, marriages, or baptisms at Matson in 1710, we 
cannot tell what befel the young lady in that year. 

GYLES TERRITT died in February, 1703. He was the son of 
John Territt, and his baptism is recorded in the Upton register in 
1620. As early as 1645 I find a record of the baptism of Sarah, 
daughter of Gyles and Anne Territt. There are entries recording 
baptisms of other children, in 1649, 1656, and 1659. In 1653 
registrars were appointed in nearly every parish by Act of Parlia- 
ment to register the births of children, and baptisms are rarely 
recorded between this year and 16.60. It is pleasing to find that 
Matson was an exception to the general rule, and that people went 
on having their children baptized as before. Old Gyles Territt, 
who probably saw King Charles at Matson, lived to hear of " Good 
Queen Anne." In his early days as clerk the old rectory house, 
which stood on the south side of the church, and all its belongings, 
were granted by the Commissioners of Cromwell to John Cooke, 
for an annual payment of .26. That house has long since dis- 
appeared, and I question whether there was a resident rector from 
1653 to 1876. There is an interesting note on the cover of the 
register in Gyles Territt's handwriting, as follows : " The Chrise 
mony that was gethered September y e 5 th day receved of Mast. 
Sellwyn 00 1 6 ; receved of Widdow Witcom 00 00 l d and one 
farding." This was probably Mr. William Selwyn, who succeeded 
his father, as owner of Matson, in 1 643, and died in 1679. " Widdow 
Witcom " was probably Isabella, who had been the wife of John 
Witcomb. She married a second husband, William Eoadway, in 
1678. 

It is hoped that these hastily gathered notes may lead to some 
interest being taken in our church officers of the past. Many 
parishes are rich in churchwardens' accounts and clerks' notes. 
Those belonging to Matson have perished, I fear, within the last 
generation ; for Gibbs often spoke to me of a large oak chest which 
stood in the church, and contained many parish books. When the 
parochial history of this century is written, our destruction of monu- 
mental inscriptions to make room for coloured tiles or ornamental 
shrubs, and our carelessness about early parochial accounts, will 
be remembered and recorded. WILLIAM BAZELEY. 

Matson Rectory, Gloucester. 

1036. SIR JOHN HONE, OF STBOUD. NATH. J. HONE has 
made this inquiry in Notes and Queries (6 th S. x. 167) : I should 



42 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

be dad of information concerning, or reference to, Sir John Hone, 
who, according to a MS. genealogy (dated 1729) in my possession, 
was "knighted by King Henry y e 8* m the sixteenth year of his 
reicm " and " for his extraordinary merit and valour seated in btroud 
in Gloucestershire." The genealogy was drawn out by Charles 
Lvue<mr who gives as his source of information the Annals of Sir 
Thomas Hawley, "the principal Herald and King at Arms in the 
aforesaid reign." G. A. W. 

1037 DEATH KATE IN MARSHFIELD REGISTRATION DISTRICT. 

A return of an extraordinary and unprecedented character has 
been made to the Registrar-General for the quarter ended September 
30th, 1884. During this period not a single death occurred in the 
parishes of Wick and Abson, Dyrham and Hinton, Doynton, Cold 
Ashton, and West Littleton, containing a population of 2,160. At 
Marshfield, with a population of 1,560, there were five deaths th e 
youngest aged 55 and the oldest 77 years. j Q.^ 

1038. DERIVATION OF "AvoN." As Mr. Gutch remarked in 
Notes and Queries (1 st S. i. 285), among the many proofs of the 
prevalence of Gaelic roots in existing names at both ends of the 
island, it may be mentioned that there are ten rivers named Avon 
in Britain, and that Avon is simply the Gaelic word for a river. 

G. A. W. 

1039. REMARKABLE SPECIMEN OF SHORTHAND WRITING. 
The following brief extract from the Bristol Times and Mirror, 
August 29, 1883, is, I think, worth preserving : 

" 15,000 WORDS ON A POSTCARD ! The above feat has been 
accomplished by Mr. Joseph Hunt, of the Bristol Shorthand 
Institute, Cumberland-street. The writing is in miniature shorthand, 
Pitman's system, and the reporting style, and consists of eleven 
complete books and part of the twelfth taken from the Bible. The 
words may be easily deciphered by the aid of a magnifier. The 
writing was done with an ordinary pen and with the naked eye. 
The matter on the postcard is equal to nearly ten columns of a 
newspaper." 

Is anyone able to adduce a more striking instance of dexterity 
in penmanship ? If 

1040. MARRIED GLOUCESTERSHIRE CLERGY, 1554. Some of 
your readers may be interested in a list of the Gloucestershire 
clergy who were deprived of their benefices, by reason of matrimony, 
in the reign of Queen Mary. In the Parliament of 2 and 3 Edw. VI., 
a bill was brought forward in the autumn to enable the clergy to 
marry. It passed through the Commons without much opposition, 
but in " the Lords " it met with such delays that it did not receive 
the royal assent till the spring of the next year. After the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 43 

accession of Mary, the laws concerning religion passed in the last 
reign were annulled, and the form of divine service, as used in the 
last year of the reign of Henry VIII., was ordered to be re- 
established ; the queen afterwards issuing injunctions to the bishops 
to restore the ecclesiastical regulations to their former condition, 
but dispensing with the oath of supremacy. The married clergy 
who had availed themselves of their new liberty, were either to be 
expelled from their benefices or separated from their wives. This 
was a very arbitrary proceeding, for the Church of Rome pretended 
to no higher authority than that of ancient custom, sanctioned by 
the enactments of the Church, and it appears that the secular clergy 
were under no special vow, that which existed in the ordination 
service of other lands forming no part of what was used in our 
Church. Bishop Hooper was sent to the Tower, Sept. 1, 1553, 
examined and condemned at St. Mary Overy, Southwark, Jan. 28, 
1555, and burnt in his own city of Gloucester on the 9th February 
following. A few months previously many of his former clergy 
had suffered loss and persecution for conscience sake. 

LIST OF THE CLERGY DEPRIVED ON ACCOUNT OF MATRIMONY, 
2 AND 3 MARY, APRIL, 1554 : 

Eichard Brown, Prebendary of Gloucester, and Kector of 
Rissingdon Magna. 

Henry Willis, Prebendary of Gloucester, Rector of Uley, and 
Vicar of Shirburn. 

Henry Kyrke, Vicar of Harsfield. 

William Newporte, Vicar of St. Owen's, Gloucester. 

John Hartland, Rector of Pitchcomb. 

Roger Williams, alias Tyler, Minor Canon. 

Bernard Harris, Minor Canon. 

Hughe Fysshepoole, Gospeller at the Cathedral. 

Nicholas Oldesworth, Rector of St. Michael's, Gloucester. 

John Henbury, Curate of St. Nicholas. 

John Jonnes, Curate of St. Mary-de-Load. 

John Horseham, Curate of Arlingham. 

Tho. Myll, Curate of Randwick. 

John Strange, \ 

Tho. Roberts, > Ministers. 

Rich. Devyas, ) J M H 

1041. CHURCH RESTORATION. The Rev. S. E. Bartleet, vicar 
of Brockworth, near Gloucester, has written in the Times of 
September llth, 1884, on the subject of church restoration to this 
effect : There is no doubt that we have lost much by the zeal in 
church restoration which has been displayed during the last half- 
century. How can such loss be prevented in the future? It 
seems to me there is a remedy which it would not be difficult to 
apply. Before any restoration or important alteration can be made 
in any church it is necessary to obtain a faculty. This can only 



44 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

be given by the bishop on the advice of his chancellor. The only 
conditions generally required by the latter, when the application is, 
as it usually is, unopposed, are that the accommodation for the 
parishioners shall not be diminished, and that a certain proportion 
of the cost of the work shall be guaranteed before the work is 
commenced. But might not some security be taken against injury 
and loss such as that which your article laments ? It cannot be 
expected that one selected for his office mainly for his knowledge 
of ecclesiastical law should be able to protect from injury features 
in an interesting and historical building which the proposed restor- 
ation would efface, but there are in every diocese people thoroughly 
qualified to give the bishop advice on which he might act in this 
matter. If he would nominate a small committee, which might 
report to him before his authority is given to the restoration or 
alteration of any church in his diocese, a great deal of harm might 
be prevented. There is another way in which some control might 
be exercised. In almost all cases where expenditure is proposed on 
a parish church a grant is asked from a diocesan society, which 
very properly demands that the plans of what is to be done should 
be submitted to it. Might not a sub-committee, consisting of men 
of some architectural and archseological knowledge, be asked to 
report before the general committee makes a grant ? There is no 
real difficulty in exercising this control if courtesy and tact are used. 
I have been a member of such a committee in a northern diocese, 
and I do not ever remember a difficulty with those engaged in the 
work of church building or restoration. In almost every case 
suggestions which were made were received with gratitude, and 
readily adopted. There is no desire on the part of church restorers 
to remove what is interesting from the building they are seeking to 
improve, and my experience is that they are not indisposed to 
accept counsel f rom those who have an active interest in their work, 
when it is offered, as it always should be, in a friendly and 
courteous way. I believe that if some such course as I have 
mentioned were taken, almost all that is mischievous in what has 
been called the " restoration craze " would be avoided, and that 
wise and careful and conservative restoration would not be hindered. 



1042. GLOUCESTERSHIRE AND THE STORM OF NOVEMBER 26, 
1703. (See No. 918.) Mr. John E. Bailey having furnished an 
extract relative to " Tewkesbury and the Storm of November 26, 
1703," from Defoe's Storm, I send particulars of the devastation 
caused by the same " dreadful tempest " in other parts of Gloucester- 
shire. My quotations are from Bohn's edition of Defoe's Works 
(London, 1879), vol. v. M C B 

(Berkeley p. 311.) 

The following account from Berkly and other places in Gloucester- 
shire and Somersetshire, &c., are the sad effects of the prodigious 
3 in the Severn. The wind blowing directly into the mouth of 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 45 

that channel we call the Severn Sea, forced the waters up in such 
quantity, that it is allowed the flood was eight foot higher than 
ever was known in the memory of man ; and at one place, near 
Huntspill, it drove several vessels a long way upon the land ; from 
whence, no succeeding tide rising to near that height, they can 
never be gotten off : as will appear in the following letters : 

Sir, This parish is a very large one in the county of Gloucester, 
on one side whereof runneth the river Severn, which by reason of 
the violence of the late storm beat down and tore to pieces the sea 
wall (which is made of great stones, and sticks which they call 
rouses, a yard and a half long, about the bigness of one's thigh, 
rammed into the ground as firm as possible) in many places, and 
levelled it almost with the ground, forcing vast quantities of earth 
a great distance from the shore, and stones, many of which were 
above a hundred weight : and hereby the Severn was let in above 
a mile over one part of the parish, and did great damage to the 
land ; it carried away one house which was by the seaside, and a 
gentleman's stable, wherein was a horse, into the next ground, and 
then the stable fell to pieces, and so the horse came out. There is 
one thing more remarkable in this parish, and it is this : twenty 
six sheets of lead, hanging all together, were blown off from the 
middle isle of our church, and were carried over the north isle, 
which is a very large one, without touching it; and into the 
churchyard ten yards distance from the church ; and they were took 
up all joined together as they were on the roof ; the plumber told 
me that the sheets weighed each three hundred and a half, one 
with another. This is what is most observable in our parish : but 
I shall give you an account of one thing (which perhaps you may 
have from other hands) that happened in another, called Kingscote, 
a little village about three miles from Tedbury, and seven from us : 
where William Kingscote, Esq., has many woods; among which 
was one grove of very tall trees, being each near eighty foot high \ 
the which he greatly valued for the tallness and prospect of them, 
and therefore resolved never to cut them down : but it so happened 
that six hundred of them, within the compass of five acres, were 
wholly blown down ; (and supposed to be much at the same time) 
each tree tearing up the ground with its root ; so that the roots of 
most of the trees, with the turf and earth about them, stood up at 
least fifteen or sixteen foot high ; the lying down of which trees 
is an amazing sight to all beholders. This account was given by 
the gentleman himself, whom I know very well. I have no more 
to add, but that I am your humble servant, wishing you good 
success in your undertaking, 

Jan. 24. HENRY HEAD, Vicar of Berkly. 

The damage of the sea wall may amount to about five hundred 
pounds. 

(Slimbridge p. 313.) 

Sir, The dreadful storm did this church but little damage, 



46 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

but our Louses were terribly shaken hereabouts, and the tide 
drowned the greatest part of the sheep on our common ; as it 
likewise did, besides many cows, between this place and Bristol j 
on the opposite shore of Glamorganshire, (as I suppose you may 
also know) it brake down part of Chepstow bridge, over the Wye. 
In the midst of this churchyard grew a vast tree, thought to be the 
most large and nourishing elm in the land, which was torn up by 
the roots, some of which are really bigger than one's middle, and 
several than a man's thigh; the compass of them curiously 
interwoven with the earth, being from the surface (or turf) to the 
basis, full an ell in depth, and eighteen foot and a half in the 
diameter, and yet thrown up near perpendicular ; the trunk, together 
with the loaden roots, is well judged to be thirteen ton at least, 
and the limbs to make six loads of billets with faggots ; and, about 
two years since, our minister observed that the circumambient 
boughs dropt round above two hundred yards : he hath given it for 
a singers' seat in our said church, with this inscription thereon : 
"Nov. 27, A.D. 1703. Miserere," &c. 

WILLIAM FRITH, Churchwarden. 
Slimbridge near Severn, Dec. 28, 1703. 

(Fairford p. 314.) 

Honoured Sir, In obedience to your request I have here sent 
you a particular account of the damages sustained in our parish by 
the late violent storm ; and because that of our church is the most 
material which I have to impart to you, I shall therefore begin 
with it. It is the fineness of our church which magnifies our 
present loss, for in the whole it is a large and noble structure, 
composed within and without of ashler curiously wrought, and 
consisting of a stately roof in the middle, and two isles running a 
considerable length from one end of it to the other, makes a very 
beautiful figure. It is also adorned with 28 admired and celebrated 
windows, which, 'for the variety and fineness of the painted glass 
that was in them, do justly attract the eyes of all curious travellers 
to inspect and behold them ; nor is it more famous for its glass, 
than newly renowned for the beauty of its seats and paving, both 
being chiefly the noble gift of that pious and worthy gentleman 
Andrew Barker, Esq., the late deceased lord of the manor. So 
that all things considered, it does equal, at least, if not exceed, any 
parochial church in England. Now that part of it which most of 
all felt the fury of the winds, was, a large middle west window, in 
dimension about 15 foot wide, and 25 foot high, it represents the 
general judgment, and is so fine a piece of art, that 1500?. has formerly 
been bidden for it, a price, though very tempting, yet were the 
parishioners so just and honest to refuse it. The upper part of this 
window, just above the place where our Saviour's picture is drawn 
itting on a rainbow, and the earth his footstool, is entirely ruined, 
and both sides are so shattered and torn, especially the left, that 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 47 

upon a general computation, a fourth part at least is blown down 
and destroyed. The like fate has another west window on the left 
side of the former, in dimension about 10 foot broad, and 15 foot 
high, sustained ; the upper half of which is totally broke, excepting 
one stone munnel. Now if these were but ordinary glass, we might 
quickly compute what our repairs would cost, but we the more 
lament our misfortune herein, because the paint of these two as of 
all the other windows in our church, is stained through the body of 
the glass ; so that if that be true which is generally said, that this 
art is lost, then have we an irretrievable loss. There are other 
damages about our church, which, though not so great as the former, 
do yet as much testify how strong and boisterous the winds were, 
for they unbedded 3 sheets of lead upon the uppermost roof, and 
rolled them up like so much paper. Over the church porch, a large 
pinnacle and two battlements were blown down upon the leads of 
it, but resting there, and their fall being short, these will be repaired 
with little cost. 

This is all I have to say concerning our church : our houses 
come next to be considered, and here I may tell you, that (thanks 
be to God) the effects of the storm were not so great as they have 
been in many other places ; several chimnies, and tiles, and slates, 
were thrown down, but nobody killed or wounded. Some of the 
poor, because their houses were thatched, were the greatest 
sufferers ; but to be particular herein, would be very frivolous, as 
well as vexatious. One instance of note ought not to be omitted ; 
on Saturday, the 26th, being the day after the storm, about 2 
o'clock in the afternoon, without any previous warning, a sudden 
flash of lightning, with a short, but violent clap of thunder, 
immediately following it like the discharge of ordnance, fell upon 
a new and strong built house in the middle of our town, and at 
the same time disjointed two chimnies, melted some of the lead of 
an upper window, and struck the mistress of the house into a 
swoon, but this, as appeared afterwards, proved the effect more of 
fear, than of any real considerable hurt to be found about her. I 
have nothing more to add, unless it be the fall of several trees and 
ricks of hay amongst us, but these being so common everywhere, 
and not very many in number here, I shall conclude this tedious 
scribble, and subscribe myself, 

Sir, your most obedient and humble servant, 

EDW. SHIPTON, Vicar. 
Fairford, Gloucest., Jan., 1704. 

(Bristol p. 357.) 

We have had various accounts from Bristol, but as they all 
contain something of the same in general, only differently expressed, 
the following, as the most positively asserted, and best expressed, 
is recorded for the public information : 



48 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Si r> Observing your desire, (lately signified in the Gazette] to 
be further informed concerning the effects of the late dreadful tem- 
pest, in order to make a collection thereof, I have presum'd to 
present you with the following particulars concerning Bristol, and 
the parts near adjacent, being an eye-witness of the same, or the 
majority of it. On Saturday, the 27th of Nov. last, between the 
hours of one and two in the morning, arose a most prodigious 
storm of wind, which continued with very little intermission for 
the space of six hours, in which time it very much shattered the 
buildings, both public and private, by uncovering the houses, 
throwing down the chimneys, breaking the glass windows, over- 
throwing the pinnacles and battlements of the churches, and blowing 
off the leads. The churches in particular felt the fury of the 
storm. St. Stephen's tower had three pinnacles blown off, which 
beat down the greatest part of the church. The cathedral is like- 
wise very much defac'd, two of its windows, and several battle- 
ments being blown away ; and, indeed, most churches in the city 
felt its force more or less ; it also blew down abundance of great 
trees in the Marsh, College-green, St. James's Church-yard, and 
other places in the city. And in the country it blew down and 
scattered abundance of hay and corn mows, besides almost levelling 
many orchards and groves of stout trees. Eut the greatest damage 
done to the city was the violent overflowing of the tide, occasioned 
by the force of the wind, which flowed an extraordinary height, 
and did abundance of damage to the merchants cellars. It broke 
in with great fury over the marsh country, forcing down the banks 
or sea-walls, drowning abundance of sheep and other cattle, washing 
some houses clear away, and breaking down part of others, in 
which many persons lost their lives. It likewise drove most of the 
ships in Kingroad a considerable way upon the land, some being 
much shatter'd, and one large vessel broke all in pieces, and near 
all the men lost, besides several lost out of other vessels. To con- 
clude, the damage sustain'd by this city alone in merchandise, 
computed to an hundred thousand pounds, besides the great loss in 
the country, of cattel, corn, &c., which has utterly ruined many 
farmers, whose substance consisted in their stock of horse hay. So 
having given you the most material circumstances, and fatal effects 
of this great tempest in these parts, I conclude. 

Your (unknown) friend and Servant, 

DANIEL JAMBS. 

(Gloucester p. 374.) 

The damages in the city of Gloucester they compute at 12000Z., 
above 15000 sheep drowned in the levels on the side of the Severn, 
and the sea walls will cost, as these accounts tell us, 5000Z. to 
repair, all the country lies under water for 20 or 30 miles together 
on both sides, and the tide rose three feet higher than the tops of 
the banks, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 49 

At Bristol, they tell us, the tide filled their cellars, spoiled 
1000 hogsheads of sugar, 1500 hogsheads of tobacco, and the 
damage they reckon at 100,000?. Above 80 people drowned in the 
marshes and river, several whole families perishing together. 

The harbour at Plymouth, the castle at Pendennis, the cathedral 
at Gloucester, 'the great church at Berkely, the church of 
St. Stephen's at Bristol ; the churches at Blandford, at Bridge water, 
at Cambridge, and generally the churches all over England, have 
had a great share of the damage. 

In King Road, at Bristol, the damage by sea is also very great ; 
the Canterbury Store ship was driven on shore, and twenty-five of 
her men drowned, as by our account of the Navy will more 
particularly appear*, the Richard and John, the George and the 
Grace sunk, and the number of people lost is variously reported. 

These accounts in the four last paragraphs being abtracted from 
the public prints, and what other persons collect, I desire the 
reader will observe, are not particularly vouched, but as they are 
all true in substance, they are so far to be depended upon, and if 
there is any mistake it relates to numbers and quantity only. 

1043. GlRAED DE EUGINA, BAILIFF OF PRESTBURY AND SEVEN- 
HAMPTON, 1290. We have an interesting account of thirteenth- 
century life in the Household Roll of Bishop Swinfield, published 
by the Camden Society : and the following notes from the appendix 
and the bishop's register concerning Girard de Eugina seem 
deserving of record in your pages, as illustrating the relations of 
various classes during that period in this and the neighbouring 
county of Hereford. 

Girard de Eugina was bailiff of Prestbury (a manor of the 
bishops of Hereford at the time of Domesday, then including 
Sevenhampton, and containing xxx hides), as early as 1275, and 
seems to have continued in that office till his death. He and 
William de la Grene long held situations of trust in connection 
with the see of Hereford, the latter being a receiver, keeper of 
accounts, and transcriber of rent-rolls in Bishop Cantilupe's time. 
Both of them were regularly left in charge by commissions in 
writing : the latter, as auditor of revenue when Cantilupe left 
England in 1280. In his register we read, "mandatum est Gerardo 
Ballivo de Prestebury quod emat sibi foruram rationabilis pretii. ad 
robam suarn." Much notice is also taken of Girard in the register 
of Cantilupe's successor, Richard Swinfield. 

In 1286 the bishop granted to him and his heirs for ever a 
messuage and land in Prestebury, which had belonged to a neif, on 
payment of such rent and service as had, of old. been customarily 
due : this was afterwards transferred to his daughter Agnes. It 
appears that he had other property there, which by a formal act of 

* Canterbury, Storeship ; 8 guns ; 31 men ; Thomas Blake, Com. ; lost at Bristol. 
Captain and twenty-five men drowned ; the ship recovered, and ordered to be sold. p. 382. 

VOL, III. D 






50 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

renunciation, in the presence of witnesses, he made over to the 
bishop, previously to his going abroad, m case his death should 
occur during his absence, and this actually happened whilst he was 
on a visit to his estate in France at the end of 1290. He left a 
legacy to Gilbert de Swinfield, chancellor of Hereford, then in 
Paris, and a sum of money to the cathedral church of Hereford "pro 
salute animse suae." 

In the documents given he is styled by the bishop " dilectus nobis 
in X to Gyrardus de Ugina," and his property is described as that 
which "sibi justis modis adquisivit et possidet in prsesenti in feodo 
maneriorum nostrorum de Prestebury et Sevenhampton." (Keg. 
Swinf. fol. 68. b.) We also find letters patent of protection from 
the bishop, as to his property in general during his absence for the 
space of one year : " in order that, by our license sought and obtained, 
he may be able to visit the possessions which he has in parts beyond 
the sea" dated at Sugwas xxiiij die Januarij, A.D. 1290, 
* ordinationis nostrae octavo." Also, a declaration as to the disposal 
of real estate held under the bishop, in case of his decease abroad : 
" dictus Gyrardus in presentia domini Episcopi, presentibus etiam 
tune dominis Willelmo de Morton et Johanne de Kemeseye, 
presbyteris, voluit et concessit quod si contingat eum mori, ut idem 
dominus Episcopus terras suas et tenementa quas habet in manerio 
de Prestebury et Sevenhampton pro suo libito habeat et possideat, 
ita ut inde pro animae suae salute aliquid eroget, seeundum suae 
beneplacitum voluntatis, pro eo ut asseruit, quod mallet ipsura 
dominum Episcopum ipsas terras et tenementa habere quam aliquem 
suorum heredum, seu quemvis alium, et hoc ob legitimas rationes." 

His death having taken place during his absence in France, we 
have the depositions of witnesses as to the nuncupative will made 
on his death bed. Memorandum, That on the 3rd day of the 
month April, A.D. 1291, Thomas, the son of Emma of Prestebury, 
late servant of Girard de Ugina, personally appeared before the lord 
(Richard) by the grace of God Bishop of Hereford at his manor of 
Colewell : and being sworn and examined, deposed on oath that 
the same Girard his lord, on Tuesday next before the Feast of the 
Annunciation of the LORD in the same year, when he had lain 
sick for some time at his manor " de Cumbis," a ville in the diocese 
of Paris, delivered to him a certain box ("pix idem") in which he 
had placed certain documents ("literas cautionales vel obligatorias") 
and enjoined him to carry the box containing the said documents 
with speed to Master Gilbert de Swynefeud, chancellor of Hereford", 
then dwelling in Paris, and to request him to obtain the payment of 
the said bonds by the debtors, and that he should have the moiety 
of the same, by the gift of the said Girard, causing the other half 
to be paid for the good of his soul to the mother church of Hereford. 
And the said Thomas returning on the morrow (after he had com- 
pleted what had been enjoined) found his said lord to be deceased. 

John de Wolvinhope, also servant of the same Girard, sworn and 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 51 

examined, declared upon oath That he was present when his said 
lord sent the aforesaid Thomas to Paris : agreeing with the said 
Thomas concerning time and place, although he was not aware of 
the nature of the business on hand. Asked concerning the cause 
of his knowledge, said that he was in the chamber with the same, 
and heard his lord command the said Thomas to hasten his return 
to him ; because before he could return, he believed that he might 
die. 

Having been asked separately, in what condition the said Girard 
was when he spoke and enjoined these things, they both said that 
he was of sound mind, and was speaking sensibly and connectedly, 
but despairing of his convalescence and recovery. And that the 
aforesaid Girard died xxij day of March that is, (< XI Kal. 
Aprilis," at the end of the year of the Lord 1290 (" A.D. M cc 
nonagesimo finiente "). j MELLAND HALL, M.A. 

Harescombe Rectory, Stroud. 

1044. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. V. : IRON AOTON. 
Baptisms. 

1574. Oct. 25. Ellen, d. of Giles Dymery. 

1575. May 9. John, s. of same. 

1576. Jan. 1. Elizabeth, d. of same. 

1581. May 8. Ann, d. of Christopher Browne, Gent. 

1582. Jan. 9. Elizabeth, d. of John Sidenham, Esq r . 
1586. Eeb. 6. Frances, d. of John Poyntz, Esq r . 
1588. Oct. 26. Robert, s. of Sir John Poyntz, K fc . 

1590. June 14. Maria, d. of Anthony Swifte. 

1591. July 15. Nicholas, s. of Sir John Poyntz. 

1594. Mar. 20. Thomas, s. of Nicholas Veele, Gent. 

1595. May 12. John, s. of M r Robert Hooper, Parson. 
1602. Aug. 29. Ann, d. of Sir John Poyntz. 

1604. Sept. 27. Maria, d. of same. 

1609. Dec. 3. Elizabeth, d. of William Wealshe, Esq r . 

1611. Sept. 8. Grisell, d. of same. 

1614. Sept. 4. Frances, d. of William Browne, Gent. 

1615. May 25. Elizabeth, d. of John Bence. 

1617. Mar. 1. Elizabeth, d. of William Browne, Gent. 

1618. July 6. Robert and John, sons of Robert Hooper, Gent. 

1620. June 1. John, s. of William Browne, Gent. 

Sept. 4. Ann, d. of Thomas Tindall, Gent. 

1621. Oct. 21. Robert, s. of William Browne, Gent. 

Nov. 27. Frances, d. of Thomas Tindall, Gent. 
1623. May 8. Ann, d. of William Browne. 

1625. July 3. Alee, d. of Rowland Wade. 

Sept. 12. Frances, d. of Gabriel Seimour, Gent. 

1629. Jan. 1. Robert, s. of Isaach Brumwich, Esq r . 

1630. Mar. 3. Mary, d. of same. 



52 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1634. Nov. 23. Mary, d. of John Dimery. 
1638. Mar. 25. Frances, d. of M r Hicks, Clerk. 

1640. May 23. John, s. of Sam 1 Crowther. 

Feb. 2. Eobert, son of M r Will. Hicks. 

1641. Dec. 14. Nathaniel, s. of M r Samuel Crowther. 

1642. Mar. 11. Elizabeth, d. of John Dimery. 

1643. July 24. John, s. of M r William Hickes, Clerk. 
1646. Aug. 30. Marg* d. of John Dimery. 

1653. April 6. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Codrington, of Acton. 

1659. Feb. 19. Samuel, s. of same. 

1674. Mar. 30. Mary, d. of M r John Crowther. 

1680. Aug. 12. Hester, d. of Simon Sloper. 

1682. Feb. 23. Simon, s. of same. 

1685. Mar. 2. William, s. of same. 

1699. May 30. William, s. of William Machin, Gent., and 

Elizabeth. 

1700. May 30. William and John, sons of same. 

[Entries of other children of same.] 

1704. Aug. 1. Sarah, d. of M r Thomas Shute, Rector, and 
Sarah [nee Richmond]. 

1706. April 17. Alice, d. of same. 

Feb. 11. Thomas, s. of M r Jonah Shute, of Bristol. 

1707. Dec. 30. Susanna, d. of M r Thomas Shute, Rector. 
1710-11. Feb. 18. Anne, d. of same. 

1713. Aug. 1. Mary, d. of same. 

Aug. 4. Daniel, s. of M r Giles and M Ann Ridley. 
1715. Oct. 30. Richmond, s. of M r Thomas Shute and Sarah. 
1749. June 2. Sarah, d. of Thomas Shute, D.D., and Joan, 

his wife. She died May 4, 1750. 
1751. Sept. 8. Bluett, s. of Bluett and Elizabeth [nee Neale] 

Jones, Gent. 
1753. Aug. 27. Susannah, d. of same, aged 6 weeks. 

Marriages. 

1577. Jan. 26 Francis Poyntz, Esq', and Anne Fooke. 
99. June 12. John Winter and Ann Thomas. 
>00. April 14. John Peny and Dorothie Poyntz. 
? V> 29< Henr y Norfcon and Annes Stallard. 
? eCt 29 ' Richard Senior and Margaret Ellis. 

iT i 1 * 4 ' ? berfc Po ^ ntz > Es( l r > and Frances Gibbons. 

'eb. 16. John Bence and Elizabeth, d. of M r Robert 

T Hooper, Parson of Acton. 

161ft nTJ obert H Per and Joan Skidmere. 

1015. Oct. 5. Edmund Lewes, alias Boteler, and Marg* 

1619 TW* * S 68 ' of Turvm Acton. 

1625 IfeK ?i ^ thUr Trueman a * d Mary Webb. 

1627 IW 97 ^r el Slater > Clerk > a ^ Sarah Crowther. 

1^27. Dec. 27. Robert Poyntz, Esq', and Elizabeth Walsh. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 53 

1628. Feb. 3. Isaack Bromwich, Esq r , and Anne Poyntz. 
1632. Feb. 10. Thomas Gorges, Esq r , and Margaret, d. of 

Sir John Poyntz, KB. 
1636. May 12. John Walter, Esq r , and Mary, d. of Sir John 

Poyntz, K*. 

Feb. 6. William Hickes, Clerk, and Ann Sidenham. 
1639. Sept. 23. Samuel Crowther and Mary Tnieman, of Yate. 
1643. Mar. 21. M r Stephen Brice and Susannah Roberts. 
1660. April 20. Ezekiel Wickham and Mary Tovey. 

1667. Sept. 8. Robert Gale, of this Parish, and Martha 

Tovey, of Alveston. 

1672. April 16. Nicholas Slade and Elizabeth Dymery. 
1700. May 16. John Webb, Gent., and Hannah Andrews. 
1708. Jan. 20. M r James Scarlett, of Walton, Som*, and 

M rs Sarah Hall, of Berkley. 

1727. May 9. M r John Thornan and M rs Hester Wittow [?]. 
1750. Oct. 11. M r Bluett Jones [d. Jan. 25, 1767, aged 55] 

and M rs Elizabeth Neale [d. Mar. 13, 1773, 

aged 57]. 
1762. April 15. William Whittington, of Bristol, and Hannah 

Richardson, of this Parish. 

Burials. 

1572. July 14. Oliver Hill. 

1573. Nov. 13. Ellen, d. of Giles Dimery. 
June 30. Poyntz, s. of Troilus Simmonds. 
Nov. 29. John, s. of William Moreton. 

1576. June 5. Margery, d. of Giles Dymery. 

1579. July 9. Troilus Simmonds. 

1584. May 29. Margaret, the servant of Nicholas Poyntz, K*. 

1585. Feb. 25. Katherine, d. of William Veele, Gent, [de 

Chillwood]. 

1591. Oct. 7. Mary, wife of John Sidenham, Esq r . 

1593. May 16. Joane, d. of Nicholas Veele, Gent. 

1594. Sept. 7. William, s. of same. 

1595. April 14. William Yeele, Gent. 

1596. July 4. Margaret Veele. 

Nov. 5. Richard Neele, a servant of M rB Veele, sup- 

posed to be murdered. 

1597. Feb. 1. William Corbett. 
1599. July 14. Nicholas Batten. 

Sept. 2. Joane Batten, Widow. 

Nov. 1. Lady Frances Poyntz. 

1602. April 29. Mary, d. of Will m Veele, Gent. 

Sept. 6. Richard Kelke, Gent. 

1604. Mar. 13. Hugh Poyntz, Esq r [aged 25]. 

1607. May 11. Thomas Croome. 

1609. Jan. 2. Marie, d. of Tho 8 Baynham. 



54 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1611. April 14. Katherine, wife of same. 

1613. Jan. 20. Henry Larance, buried in the Church. 

1614. Dec. 21. Joane Bence. 

Feb. 8. Old William, of Acton House. 

1619. June 1. Ellen Larance, Widow. 

1620. May 21. Nathaniel Crowther. 

1621. Oct. 1. George Tyndall, Gent. 

1622. July 10. Maude, wife of Robert Hooper, Parson. 

1623. May 16. Anthony Larance. 

1624. Nov. 14. Nicholas, s. of Nicholas Poyntz, of Tucking- 

ton Park, Esq r . 

May 9. John Crowther, Gent. 
1628. June 15. Anthony Swift, Gent. 

1630. Aug. 26. A poor man dying in an out-house of Robert 

Poyntz, Esq r . 

Oct. 27. Margaret Crowther, Widow. 

1631. Jan. 12. In the night, Elizabeth, wife of Robert 

Poyntz, Esq r . 

1632. Last day of August. Oriane, d. of Thomas Tyndale, Esq r . 

1633. Nov. 29. Sir John Poyntz, K fc . 

1637. July 3. John, s. of Gabriel Seimour, Esq r . 

Mar. 12. Lady Frances Poyntz. 

1639. Jan. 3. Mary, d. of Isaac Bromwich, Esq r . 

1640. Aug. 13. Mary, wife of Thomas Williams, Gent. 

July 15. M r Robert Hooper, Rector. 

Feb. 13. Robert, s. of M r William Hickes. 

1641. Aug. 27. Grace, d. of M r William Browne, Gent. 

1645. Nov. 5. M r George Falkner. 

Nov. 17. M r Havilande. 

1646. June 13. Robert, s. of M r George Harvie, Clerk. 

1661. Aug. 7. M r Thomas Haule. 

1662. July 31. M r William Webb. 

1665. April 13. A servant to Sir Robert Poyntz. 

Nov. 10. Sir Robert Poyntz, KB. 

1667. May 3. I. Harvey, sometime servant to Sir Robert 

Poyntz. 

1670. Jan. 2. M r Thomas Ridley. 
1674. April 15. Mary, d. of M r Samuel Crowther. 
July 11. Margaret Dymery, Widow. 

i2o o Uly 15< Mar ^' d ' of Mr John Crowther. 

Ib78. Sept. 14. The Lady Cecilie Poynz [nee Smith] was 
buried, but not according to the late Act 
of Parliament only in woollen, and not 
affidavid made for that purpose, whereof 
affidavid was made according to the Act 
Sept. 13, 1678, before Nicholas Yeel, one 

irm n * T- c,. f H ' M - Justices of th e Peace. 
80. Oct. 1 / . Sir John Poyntz, in Woollen. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 55 

1686. Sept. 6. Ann Crowther. 

Oct. 7. Frances, d. of John Harvie, Clerk [Rector]. 
1689. May 6. Sarah Sloper [wife of Simon Sloper, Gent., 

aged 29]. 

Mar. 12. M rs Frances Harvey, wife of John Harvey, 

Clerk. 

16934. Jan. 28. M r John Harvey, Rector [for 54 years]. 
1695. July 1. Thomas Lyster, Gent. 

Mar. 16. Joane, d. of M r Hezekiah Webb. 
1700. Aug. 26. Elizabeth Smyth, Gent. 

1701-2. Jan. 19. M r John Mortimer, Rector [aged 38]. 

1713. Jan. 26. M r John Bampton (Junior). 

1715. Aug. 2. Joan, wife of John Bampton, Yeoman. 

1717. May 27. William Machin, Gent, [aged 43]. 

1728. Mar. 8. M rs Mary Godwin [Widow], 

Mar. 10. Rev d M r [Thomas] Shute,late Rector [aged 52]. 

Mar. 11. M r John Ridley. 

1729. May 27. M r Rich d Lamb, of Bristol [aged 40]. 
1733. Sept. 23. M r Nathaniel Ridley (Sen.). 

1 745. May 8. Sarah Shute [nee Richmond], Widow [aged 74]. 

Dec. 4. Thomas Thornan pThorner], Gent., of Yate 

[aged 66]. 
1750. July 15. Hester, widow of John Thornan, of Yate. 

1045^ THE LEIGH FAMILY. The melancholy death of the 
Hon. Gilbert H. Chandos Leigh, eldest son of Lord Leigh, and 
M.P. for South Warwickshire, who was killed by a fall down a 
precipice whilst hunting wild sheep in the Rocky Mountains, U.S.A., 
in the month of September last [1884], may render a few particulars 
respecting the ancient family of Leigh not uninteresting to the 
reader. The Leighs of Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, and of Adlestrop, 
Gloucestershire, come of the same stock as the Leighs of High 
Leigh, Cheshire, where they were seated before the Norman 
Conquest. Representatives of the family gallant knights of old - 
fought at Cressy and at Agincourt ; but the direct founder of the 
Leighs of Stoneleigh and Adlestrop was Sir Thomas Leigh, who 
was sheriff of London in the reign of Queen Mary, and lord mayor 
at the time of the accession of Queen Elizabeth. It is on record 
that when, on the day of her coronation, the queen went by water 
from the Tower to Westminster, Sir Thomas Leigh equipped his 
barge in splendid style, furnishing it with musicians, who, to quote 
the old chronicle of Holinshed, "plaied in most sweet and 
heauenlie maner ;" and how at the coronation, after the champion's 
challenge, "at the seruing up of the wafers, the lord maior of 
London went to the cupboord, and filling a cup of gold with 
ipocrasse, bare it to the queene : and kneeling before hir tooke the 
assaie, and she receiuing it of him, and drinking of it, gaue the cup 
with the couer unto the said lord maior for his fee, which cup and 



56 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

couer weied sixteene ounces Troie weight."* When he died in 1571, 
and was buried in Mercers' Chapel, the following quaint epitaph was 
inscribed on his tomb : 

" Sir Thomas Leigh, r bi civil life 

All offices did beare, 
Which in this City worshipful 

Or honourable were. 
Whom as God blessed with great wealth, 

So losses did he feele ; 
Yet never changed his constant minde, 

Tho' fortune turn'd her Wheele. 
Learning he lov'd, and helpt the poore, 

To those that knew him deere ; - 
For whom his lady and loving Wife 

This tomb hath builded here." 

Rowland, the eldest son of this great civic functionary, inherited 
estates purchased by his father, in 1554, at Adlestrop and Long- 
borough, Gloucestershire, and in the parish church of Longborough 
(recently restored by the liberality of Edmund Temple Godman, 
Esq., J.P., of Eanksfee,) there is a monument to two members of 
the Leigh^family, which bears the following inscription : 

" Memoriae Sacrum Gulielrni Leigh, Militis, nee non Elizabeths 
Conjugis. 

" Hie, 

"Ex utroque stemmate, Leigh & Berkeley, nobili sanguine natus, 
utramque familiam suis virtutibus ornavit. Oxonise juvenis per 
biennium bonis literis non infeliciter operam dedit. ^Etate integra, 
suscepto matrimonio, res privatas majorum more, pie ac liberaliter, 
nee sine dispendio erogavit. Eirenarchse officio per plures annos 
summa cum sequitate, non summo jure, functus, phthisi tandem 
correptus, vitam hanc meliori cominutavit mense Novemb., Anno 
Salutis 1631, ^Etatis 46. 

" E quatuor filijs totidemque filiabus, hujusce connubij fructu? 
harum trps, viz* Isabella, Elizabetha, et Anna, utrique parenti 
supervixere. Binos illorum, nempe Gulielmum ac Georgium, pater 
reliquit superstites ; mater tantum natu majorem. 

" Ilia, 

c Gulielmi Whorwood, Militis, Staffordiensis, filia, orbata viro, per 
annos 34 or viduidate perpetua vitam protraxit vere religiosam. 
jEdes suas^ proximis hospitium, egenis xenodochium, subditisque 
Regis fidelibus (arduissimis temporibus) asylum semper prsebuit. 

rLJ 1 ^? Vl ter ^ ting matter for in <l uir y whether this is the cup which Sir Thomas Leigh 

ited to the Mercers Company, and which was among the articles of value exhibited in 

enamel"- Kensington Mu seum in 1862. The following inscription surrounds rt in blue 

" To elect the master of the Mercerie hither am I sent, 
And by Sir Thomas Leigh for the same intent." 



I 



lS, 186? l0iCe Exampls of Art Workmanship, and also in the Illustrated London 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 57 

Hoc monumentum non indecorum optimo marito, sibique ipsi vivens 
posuit. Filii natu minoris liberis libera manu dotatis, matura 
demum morte immortalitatem acquisivit 23 Martij, Anno X* 1 166|, 
suseque 83." 

Thomas, the second son of the lord mayor, was seated at 
Stoneleigh Abbey, Warwickshire, and was created a baronet on the 
institution of that order in 1611. He was the immediate progenitor 
of the Barons Leigh of Stoneleigh, who, like the Lees of Dytchley, 
kept up an almost romantic devotion to the fallen House of Stuart.* 
It was on the failure of the Stoneleigh. line in 1806 that the Stone- 
leigh estates passed to the Leighs of Adlestrop, as nearest of kin, 
who by intermarriage with the ducal House of Chandos derive a 
direct descent from Princess Mary Tudor, sister of King Henry VIII. 

The present Lord Leigh, who is the lineal representative -of both 
branches of the family, has been lord lieutenant of Warwickshire 
since 1856 ; and as few noblemen are more deservedly beloved and 
respected, the heavy bereavement which he has lately sustained in 
the death of his eldest son, has called, forth a profound manifestation 
of sorrow and sympathy. ^ Q 

1046. SIR BAPTIST HICKES, FIRST VISCOUNT CAMPDEN. 
There are amongst the Lansdown MSS. in the British Museum 
several original letters of Sir Baptist Hickes, afterwards first 
Viscount Campden, some extracts from which may be thought worthy 
of a place in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. The said 
Sir Baptist was a younger son of Eobert Hickes, silk mercer, who 
kept a shop in Sloper's Lane End, at the White Bear, Cheapside. 
He succeeded to his father's business, and " got a great estate," says 
Stow, " by supplying the court with silks and rich mercery wares." 
The same historian attributes the prosperity of Hickes to his ability 
to give credit " after the corning in of King James with his bare 
Scotch nobility " ; and it is evident that it was as a money-lender, 
rather than as a shopkeeper, that he attained to wealth and rank. 
The letters are addressed to his elder brother, Sir Michael Hickes, 
who was secretary to Lord Burghley, and the lineal ancestor of the 
present member for East Gloucestershire; and they are mainly 
requests to him to use his influence for the repayment of loans to 
the king and some members of the court. Sir Baptist, soon 
after the year 1608, purchased the manor of Campden, in this 
county, where he built a splendid mansion, which was destroyed in 
the civil war, some ruins only remaining. He died October 18, 
1629, leaving two daughters. 

"I pray you," he writes Feb. 28, 1600, "recommend me heartily 
to my sister, and I wish that my wife [Elizabeth, nee May] were as 
well pleased in the country as she is, but it avails not to wish it." 

* Lord Clarendon records in his History of the Rebellion that when the gates of Coventry 
were closed against King Charles, his Majesty sought refuge at Stoneleigh, where he was 
entertained with dutiful affection. 



58 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Another letter rather contradicts Stow's idea of Sir Baptist's- 
wealth coining through the "bare Scotch nobility:""! fynde 
Scottyshe men are fayre speakers and slow performers. Being rydcJ 
of them I will crosse them oute of my bookes." 

There is a letter in which he asks his brother's help towards 
obtaining repayment of 4,000 lent to the king; but it would 
seem that the debt was much more : " The mayne debt due to me 
from his Ma*? is up to the point of <L6,000, for the most part of 
which I pay interest to uphold my credit ..... and last 
as you knowe, I am shortly (by the grace of God) to marry both 
my daughters, with whom I am to give good round portions in 
marriadge." 

One letter addressed to the wife of his brother, Sir Michael,* I am 
tempted to transcribe at length : 

" Syster Hickes, I did not know that the purple stryped stuffe 
w th goulde had been retorned me againe, unlesse my brother hac 
tould me hereof, and that you did not cutt it ..... for 
marringe of the patterne : I pray you give me leave to tell you that no 
patterne comes amysse to me to pleasure you : and theref ore by way 
of saluting you I presume to send you this small token of my love- 
to you, with many thanks for my kind usadge at Ronckolt, being 
redy rather to indebt myselfe further unto you than by any sufficien 
satisfaction to requyte yo r curtesy. If this meane present be 
accepted of you in as great good will as I present it, it returnes to 
me my full satisfaction. And so to avoid tediouse wry tinge or com 
plementinge speaches I end and do defer not. 

" Yo r very lovinge brother, 

" Baptiste Hickes. 
"ffrommy . . ..... in Cheapside this 24 June, 1608. 

I do not know whether you will think that these extracts from the 
letters of a very eminent Gloucestershire man are of sufficient 
interest to make one of your notes. If you do, they are at your 

service ' S. E. BARTLEET. 

Brockworth Vicarage, Gloucester. 

1047. THE EEV. CHARLES PENYSTON, A.M., VICAR OF 
SANDHURST, 1687-8. The memoranda given below are from the 
parish register of Sandhurst, near Gloucester : 

" Memorandum. That the Vicarage of Sandhurst being void by 
the death of M r Samuel Cordel], the late Incumbent, Charles 
Penyston, A.M., received a presentation to the sayd Vicarage from 
the Right Reverend father in God Jonathan [Trelawny], L d Bp of 
.bristoll, and was inducted into the same December the eighteenth 
by Joseph Hatch, of Kemmerton, Clerk, in y e year of our L d 1687." 



h j s /f^S* ( im] > * Michael d - ^S-, 1612, set. 69, 
Colson, of London, and Low Layton, Essex, 

bur - " Feb - 1634 > le 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 59 

" 1688, 

Charles Penyston, Vicar. 
William Sparrow, ) ^ , , 
James Salcombe, } Churchwardens." 

All the above appears to be in Mr. Penyston's handwriting, and 
then follow the register-entries, which continue in the writing of 
some other person during his (Mr. P's) and his successor's in- 
cumbencies. 

" Memorandii : Anno Dni 1689. 

" That the Vicaradge of Sandhurst being void by the restoration 
of M r Charles Penyston to his fellowship in Magd : Coll : Oxon : 
M r Robert Niccolles, A.M., received a presentation to the said 
Vicaradge from the Kight Reverend Father in God Gilbert [Ironside], 
Id Bp of Bristol, and was inducted into the same November 6" 1 
by Edward Fidkin, Vicar of Ashel worth." 

This is entered, apparently in Mr. Niccolles' handwriting, at the 
foot of the entries for 1690, i.e., a year after his induction. Mr. 
Niccolles has not been included by Atkyns in the list of vicars. 

Charles Penyston was one of twenty-five Fellows expelled on the 
16th of November, 1687, from Magdalen College, Oxford, by the 
commissioners of James II., for refusing to acknowledge as president 
an unqualified person. After his expulsion he, with the other 
Fellows, was declared to be incapacitated from receiving preferment, 
December 10, 1687; nevertheless he was inducted into the vicarage 
of Sandhurst eight days after the inhibition. He was restored to 
his fellowship on the 25th of October, 1688. He had been elected 
Demy, at the age of fourteen, in 1674, and matriculated February 
18, 1674-5, as the son of Sir Thomas Penyston, or Penniston, of 
Corn well, Co. Oxford, Bart. He graduated B.A., November 12, 
1680; M.A., June 22, 1683; was elected Fellow in 1686; Bursar, 
1694 and 1701 ; Vice-President, 1698; and died August 24, 1705, 
while still holding his fellowship. J R B 

1048. THE PORTER FAMILY, OF BRESTOL. (See No. 1031.) 
The " Mrs Col e Booth," who erected the mural tablet in Bristol 
Cathedral to the memory of the Porter family, was the widow of 
Colonel Booth, of the Royal Engineers. " Col 6 " 011 the monument 
was doubtless intended to be an abbreviation of "Colonel." I 
always heard her spoken of as Mrs. Colonel Booth ; and her name is 
so entered in the Bristol Directories for 1832-35. She was the 
daughter of William Woods, of Bristol, and was married to Colonel 
Booth at St. Paul's [Church, in that city, in January, 1806. At 
her residence, Montpelier, Miss Anna Maria Porter, authoress of 
The Hungarian Brothers, died in 1832. 

In the Times of January 5th, 1880, Mr. John Pinchbeck asserted 
that Mrs. Colonel Booth and Dr. Porter, of Bristol, were jointly 
the "real authors" of Sir Edward Seaward' s Narrative, and not 
Miss Jane Porter, to whom the Times critic, in his notice of a new 



60 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

edition of that work, had attributed it. In doing this, the writer 
in the Times claimed for Mrs. Booth what she never claimed for 
herself. (See the first paragraph of her Porter memorial, ante, p. 31.) 
" Sir Edward Seaward's Narrative . . . edited by Miss Jane 
Porter," was first published in 1831, in three volumes, post 8vo; 
and tlw Quarterly Review, in 1832, honoured it with an elaborate 
notice; it was also reviewed in the Monthly and the Eclectic. 
Several editions have been issued, two of which are still in print. 
Ever since its first publication biographers and bibliographers have 
persistently, but erroneously, attributed it to Miss Jane Porter, the 
gifted authoress of The Scottish Chiefs, or to Sir Edward Seaward, 
the fictitious hero of the story.* 

Amongst some MSS. by the Porter family, now in the Penzance 
Library, is the draft of a letter which Miss Jane Porter addressed 
to her brother, Dr. William Ogilvie Porter, in which she declares 
that he was the sole author. From the same source we learn that 
300 was paid by Messrs. Longman and Rees for the copyright of 
Seaward's Narrative, 100 of which the doctor gave his sister, who 
negotiated the sale, and edited the work. In the year the book was 
first published Miss Jane Porter presented a copy to the Earl of 
Munster, and in the letter that accompanied her gift she informed 
his lordship that she was its " editor only." 

Dr. Porter's original MS. of Seaward's Narrative was copied by 
Mrs. Colonel Booth, and her transcript sent to Messrs. Longman 
and Rees for publication hence arose the erroneous impression that 
this lady was in part author of the Defoe-like work in question. 
The circumstances that induced Dr. Porter to write his remarkable 
book, and his reason for publishing it anonymously, are fully 
detailed in Notes and Queries, 6 th S. i. 99-100, 180-81. 

Dr. Porter resided at 29, Portland Square, Bristol, for nearly 
forty years. It was there that he wrote Seaward's Narrative. His 
sister Jane lived with him. Both died there in 1851. 

Dr. Porter's MS. of the Narrative, and also Miss Jane Porter's 
letter to her brother, in which she declared him to be its sole author, 
were formerly in the possession of Mr. W. H. Woods, of Bristol, 



' 




uU 

B Blackburn in v ' '-Seaward, Sir Edward .... edited by Jane Porter." 
s :-" T^e ySnl hooll e n y ^v ^ Hi ^ ? Ca ^gue Titles and on Index Entries, 1884, 
to consult a catabgue wherl ^ SfJ* i ^2 Wlth Ws trade to learn ' who has the misfortune 
without more ado ^ Tat L^ ^ ^ gUr ^ among the auth rs, naturally concludes 
as the hero ***** ; whereas ^ * well known to old hands 



the hero orpseud an nf **** ; whereas ^ * well known to old hands 

cataloguer, givesTxamples o hth^S M , n ^ tive " Mr " B)ack burn, who is a veteran 
he tltle f th in question might be entered in the 

m ^ M to find it; but ta neither 



W. Olf?] s itS ri |. ht i ul Place > and is entered thus '-" [ o ^ 

Miss Jane Porter La I vols J l st ^^^opf a ,^ a ^ s Na ^ ati ^ of his Shipwreck ____ edited by 

his autograph inscripSn on P the tItl' P Si <?* f OV ^ e was the author>s own c Py. and h <* 
Also that of his executor C ! G Hea?ef ws D ,o ct ^^rter, Portland Square, Bristol, 1842." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 61 

who was one of the executors of Mrs. Colonel Booth, to whom 
Dr. Porter had bequeathed his house in Portland Square. These 
documents were burnt in a fire that occurred in Park Street, Bristol, 
in February, 1860. 

I possess Colonel Booth's private diary, in which he frequently 
mentions his wife, but never in any way associated with literature. 
The last entry in it was made in 1825, in w r hich year he resided at 
5, Park Street. Can any of your readers inform me of the date of 
his death ? WILLIAM GEORGE. 

3, King's Parade, Clifton. 

1049. GEORGE BULL, D.D., AND THE PARISH OF AVENING, 
1685-1705. The paragraphs which follow relative to this well- 
known divine and his connection with the parish of Avening, of 
which he was rector for twenty years, are from The Life of 
Dr. George Bull, late Lord Bishop of St David's, by Robert 
Nelson, Esq., 2nd ed., London, 1714, pp. 348-477 : 

It was in the year 1685, when Mr. Bull was presented to the 
rectory of Avening in Glocestershire, a large parish, about eight 
miles in compass, the income whereof is 200Z. a year. [He was 
born at Wells, in the adjoining county of Somerset, March 25, 
1634, and was therefore rather more than fifty years of age when 
appointed to the charge of Avening on the resignation of Robert 
Frampton, D.D., bishop of the diocese, who had held the parish 
in commendam for a short time.] The patron of it is Philip 
Sheppard, of Minching Hampton, Esq., a very worthy gentleman, 
eminent for his probity, sobriety, and charity, and for his great use- 
fulness in his country; for he not only administers justice with great 
impartiality, but endeavoureth to reconcile all quarrels and dissentions 
among his neighbours, before they break into a flame, and before his 
neighbours lose their money and their temper in legal prosecutions, 
in which commonly they both suffer. It happened, that when this 
living became vacant, Mr. Sheppard and Mr. Bull, with some other 
friends, were at Astrop-Wells in Northamptonshire, drinking those 
mineral waters for the advantage of their health ; and they were 
even together with some other gentlemen, when Mr. Sheppard 
received the news of it. Upon which he acquainted the company, 
that he had a very good living to dispose of, and reckoned up all 
those qualifications he expected in the person, upon whom he should 
bestow it ; which so exactly agreed to Mr. Bull's character, that 
everyone present plainly perceived that Mr. Sheppard designed to 
determine that preferment in Mr. Bull's favour. But he had too 
much humility to make the application to himself, and therefore 
took not the least notice of it. Some time after, Mr. Bull withdrew 
with some of the company to walk in the garden, which opportunity 
Mr. Sheppard took to declare, that he had on purpose given those 
hints, that Mr. Bull might be encouraged to apply to him for it : 
but finding his modesty was too great to make that step, he was 



62 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

resolved to offer it to him, who had more merit to deserve it, than 
assurance to ask for it ; which accordingly he did, as soon as 
Mr. Bull returned into the room ; which he received with all those 
acknowledgments, which were due for so good a living, to so 
generous a patron. 

And here it will not be improper to observe, that Mr. Bull had in 
his natural temper a great modesty, and backwardness in stirring 
for his secular interest; he endeavoured to deserve preferments, 
rather than to solicite for them ; and his mind was so entirely taken 
up in his studies, and in the discharge of his pastoral duties, that 
he never found leisure to form schemes for his own advancement, 
and much less time to prosecute those methods, which are too 
frequently submitted to, in order to obtain it. He often thanked 
God for this happy disposition that was placed in him, which he said 
had guarded him from many attempts, very unbecoming his holy 
function, and had secured to him great peace of mind, in the 
possession of what he enjoyed in the Church, which he said, divine 
Providence alone, and not his application, had procured for him. 
This he looked upon as the true Christian primitive way of being 
preferred, virtute ainbire non favitoribus ; and whenever he met 
with this modest and conscientious temper, he encouraged the person 
steadily to pursue his duty, and to depend upon God. 

Upon his removing [from Siddington, near Cirencester] to 
Avening,* one of his first cares was to rebuild the parsonage house, 
part whereof had been burnt down, some time before he came 
incumbent. This expence was very hard upon a person who was 
never before-hand with the world; but being necessary for the 
conveniency of his family, and the benefit of his successors, he 
chearfully engaged in it. The people of his parish gave Mr. Bull, 
for some time, great trouble and uneasiness ; there were many of 
them very loose and dissolute, and many more disaffected to the 
discipline and liturgy of the Church of England. This state and 
condition of the parish did not discourage Mr. Bull from doing his 
duty, tho' it occasioned him many difficulties in the discharge of it ; 
and he suffered many indignities and reproaches, with admirable 
patience and Christian fortitude, for not complying with those 
irregular practices, which had too long prevail'd among them. But 
by steadiness and resolution, in performing his holy function 
wording to the rubrick, by his patient demeanour and prudent 
image, by his readiness to do them all offices of kindness, and 
particularly by his great charity to the poor, who in that place were 
very numerous, he did in the end remove all those prejudices which 
they had entertained against him, and reduced them to such a 
temper, as rendered his labours effectual among them. In so much, 
ney generally became constant in their attendance upon the 

been appointed by the lord 

* installed 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES, 63 

publick worship, and very decent in their behaviour at it; and 
what was effected with the greatest difficulty, they brought their 
children to be baptized at church ; for when all other arguments 
failed, the assurance he gave them, that this was the practice of the 
reformed Churches, perswaded them to comply without any farther 
scruple. Indeed the people by degrees perceiving that he had no 
design upon them but their own good, of which they frequently 
experimented several instances, their aversion was changed into love 
and kindness ; and though at his first coming among them, they 
expressed a great deal of animosity and disrespect to his person and 
family, yet many years before he left them, they seemed highly 
sensible of their error, and gave many signal proofs of their hearty 
good-will towards him and them ; and when he was promoted from 
this parish to the bishoprick of St. David, no people could testifie 
more concern and sorrow than the parishioners did upon this 
occasion, for the loss of those advantages which they enjoyed by 
his living among them. And I am credibly informed, that to this 
day, they never name him without expressions of gratitude and 
respect. 

For some time before his coming to Avening, he had made use 
of a curate to assist him in his parochial duties ; but that help 
became now much more necessary, by reason of the largeness of 
his parish, and the ill state of his health, which he had very much 
impaired by his night studies, in which he had taken great delight 
during the vigour of his age. Yet notwithstanding this assistance, 
except he was prevented by sickness, he preached once every Lord's 
day, and read the prayers frequently himself the other part of the 
day, when his curate preached. He chose to divide after this 
manner the publick administrations, that the people might not 
entertain a mean opinion of his curates, as if they were not qualified 
for the duties of the pulpit; and that they might have better 
thoughts of our excellent liturgy, when they saw the parochial 
minister officiate himself. He very frequently condemned the 
wicked practice (as he called it) of those incumbents, who by their 
pride, selfishness, or neglect, give countenance to those fatal mistakes 
among the people. There was one use indeed he made of a curate, 
which will appear surprizing, because I believe seldom or never 
practised, and that was to admonish him of his faults ; the proposal 
was from himself, that they might agree from that time to tell one 
another freely, in love and privacy, what they observed amiss in 
each other : it is certain, this might help to regulate the conduct of 
his own life ; but it had this peculiar advantage, that it gave him a 
handle to find fault without offence, with any thing that appeared 
wrong in his curate ; for when the liberty was mutual, neither of 
them could be blamed for the use of it. I relate this circumstance 
with the more certainty, because I received the information of it 
from the worthy clergyman himself who was then his curate, and 
with whom this agreement was made. 



64 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

He had not been long at Avening, before he was preferred to the 
archdeaconry of Landaff ; for it appeareth by the register book of 
the chapter of that church, that Mr. Bull was installed archdeacon 
the 20th of June, 1686. This considerable post in the Church was 
bestowed upon him by Archbishop Bancroft, whose option it was ; 
and purely in consideration of the great and eminent services he 
had done the Church of God, by his learned and judicious works, 
as Dr. Bately, his Grace's chaplain, expressed it, in a letter writ to 
Mr. Bull by the order of his lord. The manner of Mr. Bull's 
receiving this honourable station in the Church, added very much 
to his reputation, because it was conferred upon him by an archbishop, 
who had a particular regard to the merit of those he advanced, 
without any solicitation or application made by Mr. Bull 
himself 

I have already, in other parts of this Life, given so particular an 
account of Dr.* Bull's method in governing his parish, and of his 
manner in performing the duties of his holy function, that it is not 
necessary to add any thing upon that subject, farther than what of 
that nature appears to have been peculiar to his conduct at Avening. 
Now the state and condition of that parish having been as I have 
before related, one means he fixed upon in order to reform it, was 
to have a sermon in his church every Thursday ; the design whereof 
was, farther to instruct the people, who were very ignorant, in the 
principles of the Christian religion ; a method which was not 
unlikely to prevail upon them. For when they found him so 
zealous as to do more than they thought he was obliged to, they 
were ready to conclude that their welfare was the great motive 
which influenced him ; and to make this more effectual, the children 
were on the same day catechized by the curate, which still tended 
to the instruction of those of riper years : and yet, to bring this 
good design to a greater perfection, he always distributed on such 
days five shillings among the poor, that they might be encouraged to 
attend the church at such seasons. How long he continued this 
practice it is not very certain, tho' there is no doubt but that he 
pursued it for some time 

One great contest he had with the disorderly people of Avening 
related to the observation of a feast, which was attended the day 
following with extravagant revels. It is true, that the piety of our 
ancestors did set apart one day in every year, to commemorate the 
dedication of the publick place of worship, and every church 
almost had its anniversary; and good laws were enacted, that they 
m l g ^- E* th solemnl y and orderly kept. These days thus 
established, were called wakes from the Saxon word, which signifies 
to watch. But the observation of them degenerating into luxury, 
bey grew very grievous to all sober people, and the good reason of 
r institution did not make amends for the obstinate abuse of 

Conferred u P n M & Oxford, July 10, 1686, without the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 65 

them. In order to rectifie these disorders, Dr. Bull appeared against 
them in the pulpit, and exposed the folly and madness of them, 
with a true Christian courage, for he did not fear to displease men, 
when the honour of God and the good of souls were at stake. But 
when neither his instructions nor his exhortations, both in publick 
and private, could prevail upon the generality of them to observe 
that regularity, which the laws of Christianity require from all its 
professors, he procured an order of sessions to suppress it ; which 
effectually put an end to it many years before he left the place ; but 
it cost him much time and labour ; though it was usual with him, 
never to give over any thing of that nature, till he had attained the 
good end he at first proposed 

In February, 170|-, Dr. Bull was made acquainted with her 
Majesty's gracious intentions of conferring upon him the bishoprick 
of St. David's, the news whereof he received with great surprize, 
and with no less concern. And considering the great weight of 
that high station in the Church, and how much work is requir'd to 
a conscientious discharge of that administration ; and withal, the 
ill state of health, under which he then laboured, and the evening 
of life, to which he was now arrived, being in the 71st year of his 
age, I do not wonder that he did at first decline engaging in that 
important office. . . . But however difficult the employment 
might prove to Dr. Bull, in the decline of his strength and vigour, 
it certainly concerned the honour of the nation, not to suffer a 
person to die in an obscure retirement, who upon the account of 
his learned performances had shined with so much lustre in a 
neighbouring nation, where he had received the united thanks of 
her bishops, for the great service he had done to the cause of 
Christianity. Accordingly he was consecrated bishop of St. David's, 
in Lambeth Chapel, the 29th of April, 1705 

His grave [at Brecknock] is covered with a plain stone, and the 
short inscription upon it which follows, was framed and ordered by 
his pious widow, who was so satisfied with it herself, that she 
would not suffer it to be cast in any other form : " Here lieth the 
Eight Reverend | Father in God, D r George Bull, | late Bishop of 
this Diocese; | who was excellently learned, | pious, and chari- 
table; | and who departed this life February the 17 th , 1709, aged 
75." He left behind him but two of those eleven children with 
which God had been pleased to bless him. His son Robert,* at 
present [1714] rector of Tort worth, in Glocestershire, and prebendary 
of the cathedral church in the same county, married Rachel, the 
daughter of Edward Stephens, of Cherington, in the county of 
Glocester, Esq., and of Mary, the daughter of Sir Matthew Hale, 
late lord chief justice of the King's-Bench. His daughter Bridget, 
since his death, married to Mr. Edward Adderley, son to the 
aforesaid Mary by a former husband. GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

* For mention of his death in December, 1729, see ante, vol. ii., p. 651. ED. 
VOL. III. E 



66 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1050. ON COPIES OF MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS. (Reply 
to No. 909.) I have only this day seen the communication relative 
to the "Monumental Inscriptions in Bristol Cathedral," and at 
once I seek to bring the Society [for Preserving the Memorials of 
the Dead] under the notice of your correspondent. The very work 
he mentions as so much required in Bristol is being done here in 
Norwich ; and as the Society's income increases, other centres will 
be opened, arrangements having been already made for Worcester. 
A literal copy of each inscription is taken, with a plan of the 
building indicating the respective sites ; and also the same in regard 
to burial grounds. I shall be glad to give further information, and 
hope to enlist a large amount of additional sympathy and support. 
Any county or city providing 1 per week will justify the extension 
of our work thereto. WILLIAM VINCENT, Secretary. 

Belle Vue Rise, Norwich. 

It will, no doubt, be satisfactory to the reader to have a brief 
official statement of the important objects of the above-named 
Society : 

To preserve and protect memorials of the dead in parish churches 
and churchyards, 

1. By securing a record of sepulchral memorials, and of the sites 
of monuments, destroyed or removed, where such can be identified. 

2. By carefully watching works carried on in churches, especially 
during the progress of "restoration" or rebuilding ; and by using 
every legitimate means to prevent the desecration and painful 
interference with the surface or limits of churchyards. 

3. By promoting the repair of such memorials as the Society 
may think necessary or desirable, and by the occasional grant of 
funds for the purpose. 

4. By seeking to obtain legislation in behalf of the objects the 
Society has in view. 

m 5. By promoting the publication of the more important and 
historical memorials, and by encouraging the printing and publishing 
of parochial registers. EDITOR. 

1051. --THE TWENTY-EIGHTH REGIMENT OF FOOT. Can any 
reader oblige me with information respecting the county associations 
of this famous regiment? It received the title of "North 
Gloucester" in 1782, when county titles were first given to 
regiments of the line, to encourage recruiting, which had become 
very difficult owing to the unpopularity and ill-success of the war 
with America. I find, on consulting the War Office records of the 
regiment, that it had a depot, first at Cirencester, and afterwards at 

loucester during 1782-3; but I can find no official record of 

is or subsequent association with the county beyond the fact 

that recruiting parties were occasionally sent thither in after-years. 

r Charles (subsequently Earl) Grey was colonel of the regiment 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



67 



in 1 782, but had, I think, no Gloucestershire interest. Philip Bragg, 
M.P. for Armagh, the regiment's best-known colonel (Sir Edward 
Paget perhaps excepted), was, so far as I can make out, no relative 
of the Gloucestershire Bragges. He would seem to have been an 
Irishman : he was Master of the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, and 
died in Dublin, in 1759, leaving a few thousands to Lord George 
Sackville. (Hist. MSS. Comm. Fourth Report, p. 299.) By the 
way, he was not the Colonel Brag incidentally mentioned by Swift 
in a letter to Stella in 1710, as he was still a captain in 1715. 
(See Irish Mil. Entry Books.} H M C 

Charlton, S.E. 

1052. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. VL : PUOKLB- 
CHURCH. 



1594. 


Feb. 9. 


1596. 


April 17. 
Jan. 20. 


1599. 
1608. 


Catherine, 
Aug. 14. 


1616. 


Nov. 16. 


1620. 


June 8. 


1640. 
1641. 


Sept. 27. 
Feb. 2. 


1643. 


Oct. 1. 


1644. 


Feb. 6. 


1666. 


Feb. 19. 


1667. 


Mar. 17. 


1668-9. 


Jan. 10. 


1688. 


June 7. 





Aug. 9. 


1690. 
1691. 


April 11. 
Dec. 3. 



Henry, s. of John Dennys, Esq r . 

William, s. of same. 

Sicilie, d. of same. 

d. of same. 

Chashend ra p Cassandra], d. of Richard 

Barkeley, Esq r . 

John, son and heir of Henry Dennys, Esq r . 
Henry, s. of Henry Dennis, Esq r . 
Henry, son and heir of John Dennis, Esq r . 
M rs Margaret Dennis, cL of same. 
John Dennis, s. of same. 
William Dennis, s. of same. 
Mary Brune, d. of Charles Brune, Esq r . 
John Brune, son and heir of same. 
Mary, d. of M r John Meredith and Mary, 

his wife. 
Elizabeth,* d. of William Dennis, Esq r , and 

M rs Dorothy [me Cotton]. 
Margaret, d. of M r Thomas Dutton and M re 

Dorothy. 

Mary, d. of Henry Dutton and M rs Dorothy. 
Ann, d. of M r Henry and Dorothy Dutton. 



1616. Eeb. 20. William Guise, Esq r [of Elmore], and Cicely 

Dennis. 
1665. Feb. 22. Charles Brune, Esq r , and Margaret, only d. of 

John Dennis, Esq r . 
1681. Feb. 27. M r William Wallington and M rs Sarah 

Knowles. 

1689. Oct. 10. M r Gabriel Watts and M rs Susannah Grubb. 

1690. Feb. 4. M r Joseph Franklin and M rs Sarah Goode. 

* Af terwarda wife of Sir Alexander Camming, Bart,, and bur. at Coulter, Aberdeenshire, 



68 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Burials. 

1599. June 3. Cicelie Dennis. 

1602. Mar. 13. Anne Petite, Gent. 

1609. Aug. 7. John Dennis, Esq r .* 

1622. Jan. 4. Margaret [nee Speke], wife of Henry Dennys, 

Esq r . 

1652. July 5. William Dennis. 

1660. May 3. John Dennis, Esq r , departed this life [aged 43]. 

1666. Feb. 16. M rs Margaret Bmne, wife of Charles Brune, 

Esq r . 

_ Mar. 19. John Wickham, Senior, Gent. 

1676. Henry Dennis, Esq r , buried in the month of October. 

1680. Feb. 16. William Llewellings, Esq r . 

1681. May 12. M rs Ann Wickham. 

1682. May 25. John Dennis, Esq r . 

1687. July 5. John [born 1686], s. of William Dennis, 

Esq r , and M rs Dorothy, his wife. 
1690. Jan. 14. John Brewin, Esq r . 

1053. THE LEIGH FAMILY. (See No. 1045.) It is related 
in the family annals that William Leigh, the eldest son of Sir 
William and Lady Leigh (whose monument is in Longborough 
Church), made a somewhat romantic marriage with Joanna Pury, 
of Gloucester, which was brought about in this manner. Mr. 
Leigh, being high sheriff of Gloucestershire in 1634, and, like all 
the members of his family, a devoted royalist, took an active part 
in enforcing the payment of that arbitrary and most unpopular tax, 
Ship-money. From that time he became highly obnoxious to the 
Puritans ; and on their accession to power, charges were brought 
against him, which resulted in his estates being confiscated, and 
his person secured in Gloucester Gaol. Mr. Pury, an alderman of 
Gloucester, and a powerful adherent of Oliver Cromwell, had the 
charge of many cavalier gentlemen in durance there. His beautiful 
daughter, Joanna, sympathised with their sufferings, and having 
become acquainted with Mr. Leigh, pity for the high-born, attractive 

* Author of The Secrets of Angling, first published in 1613, and reprinted by Satchell and 
Co., London, 1883. Witt regard to the authorship of this old and rare angling poem, " by 
J[ohn] D[ennys], Esquire, 1613," there was for a long time considerable doubt. " Isaac 
Walton attributed it to a certain John Davors, Esq., while Robert Howlett, in his Angler's 
Sure Guide, assigned it to that 'great practitioner, master, and patron of angling,' Dr. Donne. 
In the beginning of the century, however, all doubt as to the real name of the author was set 
at rest by the discovery of the entry in the books of the Stationers' Company, which describes 
3 book as having been written by John Dennys, Esq. This John Dennys, as Mr. Westwood 
out, was probably the great-grandson of Sir Walter Dennys, of Pucklechurch, and not 
8 ^^ holas ***<*** in his edition of Walton. Though the poem passed 
1 l ? ecame so rare tbat Beloe said of it; that ' Perhaps there does not 
E ?I UBh literatQ re a rarer book than this.' Indeed, Sir John Hawkins 
<! n 1 VCT get a sight of the book - " was reprinted by Sir Egerton 
e 0nd Tv7 0l ? me of the British Bibliographer, and a hundred copies were 



lv B tr Tv , 

Wately struck off. Mr. Arber also reproduced the p^emin the first volume of his English 

the X edition ^S? w P T *' "f v ke the last wnich we mentioned, is a literal transcript of 
with ?the tart * 7 W d ^ done well > we think > refraining from aU interference 
to the woridC d hf g vS n - W *i U able to *** this V"*** P em M ^^ ^st presented 
119 )-ED beginning of the seventeenth century." (Notes and Queries, 6th S. via. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 69 



cavalier soon ripened into love. In short, William Leigh and the 
fair maid of Gloucester planned, and in process of time effected a 
clandestine marriage. Alderman Pury was too sagacious a man to 
remain long inexorable : he foresaw that the Commonwealth would 
probably in turn be hurled from power, and he availed himself of 
his friendship with the Protector to obtain the pardon of the 
royalist husband, in consideration of the merits of his wife's family. 
The estates of Mr. Leigh were restored to him, and he and his wife 
Joanna, after this romantic beginning of their married life, lived 
together to a good old age, in the enjoyment of much peaceful 
felicity, and surrounded by a numerous offspring. It was this 
William Leigh who, after his father's death in 1631, removed from 
Longborough, leaving the manor house there in the occupation of 
his widowed mother, and settled at Adlestrop, where he built " a 
pleasant and spacious mansion on a well-wooded, picturesque site." 
Little, however, of the original structure remains, Adlestrop House, 
with its present handsome frontage, having been almost entirely 
rebuilt in the last century, about the year 1759. 

In the chancel of Adlestrop Church there are these inscriptions 
upon flatstones ; 

" Joanna Leigh, wife of Will m Leigh, Esq., deceased June 7 th , 
1689, aged 65 years and 4 months." 

"William Leigh, Esq., deceased June 17 th , 1690, aged 86 years 
and 2 months." 

And the following entries are in the parish register of 
Burialles : " 

1689. " M rs Jone Leigh, the wife of William Leigh, Esq., was 
buried the 10 th day of June, anno 1689." 

1690. " William Leigh, Esq re , was buried the 21 st of June, 1690." 
There are mural inscriptions in the church to the memory of 

several members of the family; but for the last sixty years all burials 
have been in the mausoleum at Stoneleigh. -^ Q 

1054. ARLINGHAM CHURCH AND ITS BREVIARY, A.D. 1470. 
The library of the dean and chapter of Salisbury contains "a 
most magnificent MS. breviary ad usum Sarum," upon vellum, 
which was bequeathed by the late Bishop Denison ; and on a blank 
leaf there has been written a short service in the vernacular, set to 
musical notation, and manifestly intended for public use. It is an 
Aspersio, or sprinkling of holy water, a service said in procession 
in the nave. It has an antiphon and the first verse of the Miserere 
psalm, with the Gloria : 

" Remember your promys made yn baptym. 

And chrystys mercyfull bloudshedyng. 

By the wyche most holy sprynklyng. 

Of all youre syns youe_have fre perdun. 
Have mercy uppon me oo god. 
After thy grat mercy. 



70 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Kemember, etc. [i.e., antiphon repeated.] 
And accordyng to the multitude of the mercys. 
Do awey my wyckydnes. 

Kemember, etc. 

Glory be to the father and to the sun and to the holy goost. 
As hyt was yn the begynning so now and ever and yn the world 
off worlds so be hytt. 

By the wyche. [i.e., last half of antiphon.]" 

Mr. Maskell (Monumenta Ritualia, vol. i., p. cciii.) says of this 
doxology that it " is the earliest I remember to have seen in English 
with the notation. The writing is later than the rest of the 
volume, being about 1470." 

The breviary appears to have belonged to the church of 
Arlingham, in this county, aud contains in the kalendar this note 
written cursively in the margin opposite August 2nd : " Obitus 
Dni Walteri Longney olim Vicarii de Erlingham, qui mortem 
passus est anno do. MCCCCCij quarto nonas Augusti. Is me 
(librum) cum gradali Ecclesiae dedit ut annuatim celebretur suum 
anniversarium perpetuo." In the illuminated border at the 
commencement of vespers a bird is drawn holding a label in its 
beak, with " Sir Walter Longney " written upon it. And, in the 
fine border at the beginning of the sanctorale, on a label at the 
bottom of the page, there is written " Orate pro animabus Walteri 
Retteforte et Johanne uxoris ejus." It has been suggested that 
Walter Eetteforte paid for the execution of the book, and presented 
it to his godson, Sir Walter Longney, vicar of Arlingham, who 
gave it to his church. 

These particulars are taken from a paper in the Wiltshire 
Archaeological Magazine, vol. xviii., pp. 62-70, by the Rev. H. T. 
Kingdon, to which your readers are referred. As Foxe states that 
Bishop Latimer is said to have given an autiphon, very similar to 
this, to be used in his diocese of Worcester (of which the parish 
of Arlingham then formed a part) at the sprinkling of holy water, 
it is maintained by the writer that he had become acquainted with 
this interesting specimen of a vernacular service, and that it 
received his episcopal sanction. j MELLAND HALL< 

Harescombe Rectory, Stroud. 

1055. A GLOUCESTERSHIRE CUSTOM. It is said to be a custom 
in this county, and it may be so in other counties, to place loose 
straw before the door of any man who beats his wife. Is this a 
general custom? and if so, what its origin and meaning? 

G. A. W. 

The custom noticed by your correspondent is certainly observed 
in Worcestershire, and perhaps elsewhere. The loose straw, or 
att, at the door of the wife-beater, is intended as an indication to 
is neighbours that he has been threshing S E B 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 71 

1056. CURIOUS ENTRY IN BAUNTON PARISH REGISTER, 1646. 
The following is a copy of a memorandum which I found 
recently in the parish register of Baunton, and which you may 
think deserving of a corner. J OHN MACLEAN. 

Glasbury House, Clifton. 

In this parish of Baunton, in the Clarkes house (one Richard 
Lyfolly) vpon S 1 ' Mathias day 1646, about Eleven of the clock in 
the forenoon there rose out of an old dry table bord of birch (on 
w ch bord I Henry Topp Minister there now wright these words 
Aug. 24, 1653, beinge S* Bartholomew's day) A WATER, reddish 
of the colour of blood ; and so continued still risinge & runninge 
alonge & downe the Table, all that afternoone & the night 
f ollowinge till the next day, & about the hour when it first began, 
and so ceased. 

Testis oculati 

1 Richard Lvfollv ") T 11- ji i 

a Elizabeth Lyfolly { dwellm S m the Same house " 

3 Alice Mateley widow ) thege Inhabitantg of e Parish . 

4 Catherine lawney and ors J 

That same day S* Mathias (I remember) I read prayers in the 
Chaple but was not caled to be an Eye witness of this strange 
sight, & was informed of it by the Eye witnesses aboues d the very 
next Lords day when I came to officiat in the Chapell. Many of 
the neighbours heard their reports as well as my selfe Henry Topp 
who have it avered vnder their said hands & marks. 

X X X X 

1234 

1057. THE LATE PROFESSOR BUCKMAN. On Sunday, Novem- 
ber 23, 1884, the death of Professor Buckman took place at his 
residence, Bradford Abbas, Sherborne, Dorset, after a brief illness. 
The deceased was well known as an authority on agricultural 
matters, and on archaeology, geology, botany, and zoology ; and the 
following particulars of him (for which we are chiefly indebted to 
Men of the Time, llth ed., 1884) will be acceptable to many 
readers : 

James Buckman, E.L.S., F.G.S., F.S.A., son of Mr. John 
Buckman, born at Cheltenham in 1816, and educated at a private 
school, was appointed curator and resident professor at the 
Birmingham Philosophical Institution in 1846, and from 1848 to 
1863 held the post of professor of geology and botany at the Royal 
Agricultural College, Cirencester. At an early age he was articled 
to a surgeon-apothecary in Cheltenham, and afterwards studied 
chemistry, botany, and geology in London. He was for many 
years hon. secretary and lecturer at the Cheltenham Philosophical 
Institution, and he was presented with a handsome testimonial on 
leaving for Birmingham in 1846. He subsequently received two 



72 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

valuable testimonials, one from the inhabitants of Cirencester and 
his scientific friends, and the other from his pupils on resigning 
his appointment at the Royal Agricultural College. Professor 
Buckman was the author of (1) A Guide to Pittville, and 
Analysis of the Saline Waters, etc., 1842; (2) Chart of the Cotteswold 
Hills; (3) Our Triangle: Letters on the Geology, Botany, andArchce- 
ology of the Neighbourhood of Cheltenham, 1842; (4) The Flora of 
the Cottesivolds, 1844; (5) A Botanical Guide to the Environs of 
Cheltenham, 1844; (6) The Geology of the Cotteswolds, 1845; (7) 
The Ancient Straits of Malvern ; or, an Essay on the former 
Marine Conditions which separated England and Wales ; (8) 
Illustrations of the Remains of Roman Art in Cirencester (in 
conjunction with C. H. Newmarch, Esq.), 1850 ; (9) History of 
British Grasses, 1858; (10) Science and Practice in Farm Cultivation, 
1863; and (11) Notes on the Roman Villa at Chedivorth, 1872. 
He likewise contributed several papers to the British Association 
for the Advancement of Science, and to the Geological Society; 
many notes on geology, zoology, and botany, and prize essays, which 
have appeared in the Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society ; 
papers in the Bath and "West of England Society's Journal; 
articles in Morton's " Cyclopaedia of Agriculture"; and nearly 300 
articles in the "Agricultural Gazette" and other periodicals. 
Mr. Buckman enriched Cirencester with a fine museum of Roman 
antiquities, mostly collected by himself, and with a large collection 
of fossils. The former are deposited in the Corinium Museum, 
and the latter at the Royal Agricultural College. He conducted 
his large farm at Bradford Abbas upon model principles, and with 
such success that he received cups for his root-cultivation, and 
many other prizes ; and for the last few years of his life he devoted 
himself to the study and illustration of several of the more 
important agricultural questions. GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

1058. EDWAKD COLSTON AND HIS HOSPITAL. By the removal, 

in 1861, of Colston's Hospital from St. Augustine's Back, Bristol, 

to a more commodious house*, in the parish of Stapleton, provision 

was at once made for twenty additional boys. To inaugurate, in a 

solemn and befitting manner, the entrance of the boys into their 

new residence, divine service was held in Stapleton Church on 

Ihursday January 23, 1862 ; and immediately after the service the 

tfishop of the diocese, attended by the parochial clergy of Stapleton, 

accompanied by the Mayor of Bristol, the Master, Wardens, 

Society of Merchant Venturers, Mr. Colston's Nominees, the 

tfoys of the Hospital, and their friends, proceeded to the chapel of 

tion, and there offered up prayers and thanksgiving to 

for y^ 8 the residence of Dr. Monk, Bishop of 



. 
1856 n^i f Se ^ the present church of Stapleton was erected. Bp. Monk 

o the building ' which was soon after his 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 73 

Almighty God. The sermon, preached by one of Mr. Colston's 
Nominees on the occasion, was soon after printed by the Society of 
Merchant Venturers as a record of this important event in the 
history of the Hospital, and of the determination of the trustees, 
under God's blessing, to continue to carry out the principles of the 
pious founder. 

The sermon, which was privately printed, is entitled Christian 
Education the best for Time and Eternity : a Sermon, preached at 
the Parish Church, Stapleton, on Thursday, January 23rd, 1862, 
etc., by the Rev. George Neale Barrow, M.A., Hon. Canon of 
Bristol, and Rector of West Kington, Wilts, and the following 
particulars have been extracted from it : 

Colston, himself a faithful and devoted member of the Church 
of England, had been a prosperous man in life ; and it seems to 
have been his earnest desire, in all his charitable institutions for 
the poor, to testify both to those of his own generation, and to 
those that in after-years should administer his charities, that he 
looked upon all his benefactions as deodands gifts, that is, or 
rather things that ought to be given to God out of the abundance 
God had bestowed on the possessor, not for his sole use and benefit, 
but to be used for the comfort and blessing of many. He had no 
children of his own, to whom he might hand down those sacred 
principles in which his soul delighted. He therefore adopted the 
children of the poor, dear to Christ, and provided that they should 
be gathered by the hundred, generation after generation, into his 
Hospital, and be instructed as he in his heart believed was best 
suited for their spiritual and temporal interests. There were in 
Colston's times [1636-1721], as there are now, noble colleges and 
schools, conducted on those principles which he approved, where 
the higher and middle classes of society could procure for 
their children the very best education; those schools and 
colleges, in which have been formed the minds of those, who, for so 
many generations, have been the chiefs in every department of 
knowledge, and, under the guidance and blessing of Almighty God, 
have supplied with wisdom and judgment, suited for all emergencies, 
the legislative and administrative offices of the empire. But at 
that time good schools for the education of the poor were hardly 
to be found, and few had that accurate knowledge of the necessities 
of the poor, which recognised that deficiency. We say therefore 
that it is no insignificant proof of the discretion, with which the 
great Philanthropist ordered his charity, that he anticipated by 
more than a century the endeavours now so general to provide for 
the instruction of the poor. 

And first of all, Colston provided for his boys that above all 
things they should be taught that knowledge, " which maketh wise 
unto salvation through Jesus Christ our Lord." Nothing can be 
more precise than his directions in this respect. Concerning the 
master it is provided : that " the master should be a member of the 



74 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Church of England, of sober life and conversation; one who 
frequents the Holy Communion; one that hath good government 
of himself and passions ; one of a meek temper and humble 
behaviour, and of a good genius for teaching ; one that understands 
well the grounds and principles of the Christian religion ; one that 
shall make it his chief business to instruct the children in the 
principles of the Christian religion as they are laid down in the 
Church catechism ; one that shall be approved of by some of the 
clergy of our city, before he is licensed by the bishop." Again, 
daily reading of the Scriptures and daily prayers are prescribed ; 
frequent catechisings are to test the religious knowledge imparted ; 
the prayers are to be according to the constitution of the Church 
of England. The boys are to be regularly taken to Church on 
Sundays and holy days, and that they may take their part in the 
Church's services, they are each to be supplied with a Common Prayer 
book. Moreover, a clergyman is to be appointed as catechist to 
superintend the religious teaching ; and when from time to time a 
sufficient number of catechumens are prepared, they are to be taken 
to the parish church to be examined before they are presented 
to the bishop for confirmation. And while every care is taken to 
encourage and promote piety and virtue, a constant supervision of 
their conduct is enjoined, with a view to discourage the beginning 
of vice, particularly lying, swearing, taking God's name in vain, 
and the profanation of the Lord's day. Thus, as Moses exhorted 
in the text [Dent. xi. 19], sound religion is to enter into the whole 
course of instruction. From first to last, day by day, and week by 
week, from their entrance into the school until they leave its 
fostering care, the boys are to be regarded and trained, as all the 
baptised should be regarded and trained, as " members of Christ, 
and children of God, and inheritors of the kingdom of heaven." 

Meanwhile let it not be supposed that their instruction in useful 
knowledge is neglected. On the contrary, there are regulations 
respecting the master's qualifications, and the subjects to be taught, 
very precise, and, as experience has proved, most judicious. The 
object of the founder was that all the boys, without exception, 
should be daily deriving benefit from the discipline of the school ; 
the very class from which they were to be selected, and especially 
in Colston's times, rendered it unlikely that at seven or even at ten 
years of age children should enter the school, having previously 
acquired even the rudiments of education. As therefore all were 
to learn, and none could advance without accurate knowledge of 
the elements, elementary subjects are insisted on, and a period of 
seven years is allotted, that not even the dullest may leave the 
school without having made progress in the fundamental steps of 
all useful knowledge. And thus, that very point in which it has 
been confessed that the complicated machinery of the Government 
systems has hitherto failed, to ensure that the whole school shall 
have justice done it, and that the master's care shall not be diverted 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 75 

from the majority who need elementary instruction, to the few 
forward children, whose superficial attainments in higher subjects 
may make a greater display in the examination, this point has 
been provided for in Colston's settlements, by insisting that the 
elements shall be taught and well taught. And the result has been 
that while the clever boys in Colston's Hospital will bear comparison, 
as recent examinations have proved, with boys educated in schools 
of higher pretensions, the boys as a whole leave the institution not 
only with principles of piety, loyalty, and integrity, but with such 
an amount of useful knowledge as God has given to each the 
capacity of learning, and fitted to do their duty faithfully and 
efficiently in those stations of life in which His providence may 
place them. BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1059. CAPTAIN PETER HOGG, OF VIRGINIA. Among the 
worthies who figure in the " Dinwiddie Papers " (kindly noticed 
by you in No. 723 and elsewhere), is Captain Peter Hogg, the 
commander of a company of Volunteers from Augusta County, Va., 
in the French and Indian war. He was a warm personal friend of 
George Washington, a lawyer of eminence, served as deputy- 
attorney-general of the colony (by commission from Lord 
Dunmore), and became a man of wealth and influence. The name 
is now rendered Hoge; and its representatives and numerous 
connections, descendants of Captain Hogg, are among the best 
esteemed socially of the people of Virginia. I have the authority 
of the venerable president of our Historical Society, the Hon. 
Alexander H. H. Stuart, for the tradition with which he has been 
familiar from childhood, that " Captain Peter Hogg was a very 
near relative of James Hogg, the Ettrick Shepherd." I shall 
deem myself greatly obliged for any information confirmatory of 
this tradition. EGBERT A. BROCK, Corresponding Secretary, 

Virginia Historical Society. 

Richmond, Va., U.S.A. 

It may possibly be of some use to our correspondent to know, 
that " Peter Hogge, Clerk," was connected (? as incumbent) with 
the parish of Quedgeley, Gloucestershire ; and that in the register 
of baptisms these entries appear : 

1597. " Daniel, son of Peter Hogge, Clerk, and Julian, his wife." 

1605. "Anthony, son [of same]." 

In the register of burials there is also the following : 

1606. "May 20. Anthony, son of Peter Hogge, Clerke." 

EDITOR. 

1060. BRODHURST, OR BROADHURST, FAMILY. In the church- 
.yard of Frampton-on-Severn there is, or was some years ago (as 
Bigland has recorded), a tombstone bearing this inscription : 
"William Hinton died Nov. 7, Anno Bom. 1684. William, his 



76 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

son, died Feb. 13, 1682. Lydia Hinton died July 23, 1721, aged 
77.' Lydia, their daughter, wife of the Kev. Mr. Broadhurst, 
buried July H, 1722, aged 51, leaving two daughters, Lydia and 
Elizabeth. Ann, daughter of William Hinton, died May 25, 1682." 

I am anxious to discover who this " Rev. Mr. Broadhurst " was. 
From 1714 to 1730 the minister of the old Meeting House of the 
Independents in Birmingham was " the Reverend and learned Mr. 
Edward Brodhurst," who was born in Derbyshire in 1691, and died 
in 1730. His epitaph was written by Isaac Watts, D.D., and a 
volume of his sermons was published at Birmingham in 1733. If 
he was the husband of the lady buried at Frampton-on-Severn,. 
there must have been a great disparity of age, since Mr. Brodhurst 
was only 39 years old when he died in 1730, at which date Mrs, 
Lydia Broadhurst must have been 59 ; but I mention the Rev. 
Edward Brodhurst merely as a suggestion. 

In the middle of the seventeenth century some Brodhursts were 
living in the parish of Cherrington. Edward, son of John 
Brodhurst, of Cherrington, matriculated at Oxford March 24, 
1669-70. This John Brodhurst had a sister Mary residing at 
Cherrington, wife of John Barnett. John and Mary were respec- 
tively the third son and the elder daughter of William Brodhurst 
of Lilleshall, Salop, gentleman, who died in 1658. 

As my query is not of general interest, I shall feel obliged if any 
reader who can give me information regarding either Mrs. Lydia 
Broadhurst's husband, or the Brodhurst (or Broadhurst) family 
generally, will kindly communicate with me direct. 

Bedford Park, Chiswick. J - PENDEREL BRODHURST. 

1061. ICHABOD WALCOTT CHAUNCEY. I am anxious to obtain 
particulars respecting the above-named. He graduated at Yale 
College, Conn., and came to Bristol in 1726, to live with his uncle, 
Robert Chauncey, a physician there; and he died between 1730 
and 1742. I wish to know the exact date and place. It is said 
that the family possessed property at "Lambeth, near Bristol." 
Can this locality be identified ? j s> ATTWOOD . 

Exeter. 

1062. THREE FIELD-NAMES, THEIR DERIVATIONS. (Reply to 

No. 939 : see also No. 989.) When I read the note referred to, I 

was reminded of a familiar address The Coneygarths, Buckden, 

Huntingdon ; and it seemed to me that this was probably the word 

from which "Cunnegar" had been corrupted. Having just now 

taken up the Rev. A. Smythe Palmer's Folk-Etymology, I find the 

-" CONNYNG ERTHE, an old perversion of the word cony 

garth, an enclosure for rabbits, a rabbit warren, as if compounded 

f conig cony, and erthe, earth." Richardson connects garth with 

jfad, and writes :-" Girth, that which girdeth, girdle, girth, also 

>n garth ; and applied to an inclosure about a house, church, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 77 

barn, &c." I fancy that analagous to the word Coneygarth maybe 
Foxearth, the name of a village in Essex, near Sudbury, on 
the Suffolk border ; the Fox-garth, or enclosure for foxes. 

Is not " Innegar " possibly the Inner-garth ? 

Having nothing better to suggest for " The Shallums," I would 
simply note schelm (Dutch and German) = a rogue, villain, infamous 
person: and that Du Cange applies this word to animals : 
" SCHELM, Cadaver, animal vivum quidem, sed pene macie 
cadaverosum." Perhaps such a piece of pasture as your corres- 
pondent describes would turn good cattle into schelms ; but I hope 
some other reader may produce a more probable solution than this, 
which is far from satisfying myself. Perhaps some former owner, 
having spent fruitless time and labour on these " tussocky " fields, 
may in his wrath have named them " the villains." 

Wickham St. Paul's Rectory, Halstead. CECIL ^EEDES. 

1063. ALEXANDER HOSEA, OP WICKWAR. (See No. 993.) 
As supplementary to what has appeared, the following details, 
derived from the same source, are inserted : 

Some doubt existing in the minds of several of the trustees as to 
the meaning of the word " poor " under the will and the decree of 
the Court, the following case was submitted to counsel. 

(Case.) 

Alexander Hosea by his will gave certain premises and monies to 
the mayor, &c., of Wick war towards the maintenance of a public 
school there for such children only whose parent or parents were 
poor, that they may be taught to read and write. 

Under an order of the Court of Chancery made during the past 
year [1835] the premises are now vested in the mayor and 
corporation of the borough of Wickwar, and others, who are 
constituted trustees of the school. 

The Court directed that the school shall be subject to the visita- 
tion, inspection, and monitory guidance of the said trustees, and 
open to the reception and education of children whose parents are 
poor, and live within the parish of Wickwar, and whose admission 
shall be sanctioned by the said trustees. 

The children not to exceed a certain number at any one time. 

As the trustees are now about to admit children for the first time 
under this order, the favour of your opinion is requested Whether 
they should under the will and order of the Court confine the term 
"poor" to labourers only, or whether they may consider it extending 
to small shopkeepers or tradesmen in a small way of business, with 
an actual income or profit not exceeding thirty or forty shillings 
per week. 

Also whether (the mayor and aldermen being trustees) children 
of any member or members of the corporation being poor may be 
admitted into the school, or whether the fact of the parents being 
trustees would exclude them". 



78 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

And in case you should be of opinion that the trustees may take 
the more extended view, whether any rule or limit as to property 
or income of the parents can be laid down, or whether each separate 
and particular case standing on its own merits must be decided 
entirely according to the discretion of the trustees. 

(Opinion.) 

I am of opinion that in the administration of this charity the 
children of labourers and those more properly designated poor- 
people should be preferred. That its benefits may then be extended 
to the children of small shopkeepers and such like. And the 
claimants from these classes failing to fill up the numbers limited by 
the Master of the said Court, the children of any of the trustees who 
may be unable to afford their children an education, may be 
admitted ; but this must be done with great and extreme caution, 
as being likely to lead to abuse. I think it should never be done 
while there are other claimants. ^ ELDERTON, 

Lincoln's Inn. 
12th Deer., 1836. 

At a meeting of the trustees* subsequently held it was resolved 
unanimously, 

That in conformity with Mr. Elderton's opinion, at any election 
of boys or girls to be sent to the said schools, the children of 
labouring poor shall always take precedence. 

That at any such election, if there be not a sufficient number of 
candidates (children of the labouring poor) to complete the number 
limited by the order of the Court of Chancery (40 boys and 30 
girls) to be sent to the said schools, the trustees shall proceed to 
elect from the children of those persons living in the parish (for it 
does not require the parents to belong to the parish, all residents in 
the parish having an equal claim), not possessing two thousand 
pounds in any kind of property, or whose annual income shall not 
exceed the sum of one hundred and fifty pounds, or who may 
derive a maintenance solely by the rental of not more than one 
hundred acres of land, or unless a renter, renting more than 100 
acres of land, shall sign a declaration that he does not derive an 
income of more than one hundred and fifty pounds per annum 
from such land for the maintenance and support of himself and 
family, or from any source or sources whatsoever. 

That a child of a trustee shall in no case be elected to be sent to 
the schools to the exclusion of any other claimant. 

The master of the school is allowed by the trustees to take 
boarders, but not weekly or day scholars, other than those on the 
foundation. The boarders are not to be educated separately from the 



n, Endowed Schools Commissioners, and the 

fck q th? r^r n rf T^P 1 b J the follo g trustees, viz. :-the lord of the manor of 
SET JT^ \ 9k urcQwar <tens for the time being, and the mayor of the borongh, 
) representative aldermen elected annually. The yearly income is about S300.-ED. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 79 

boys on the foundation, but must be classed with them during 
school-hours ; nor during those hours will the master be permitted to 
make any distinction in his treatment of his boarders and the other 
boys. 

There is a small piece of ground at the west side of the town, 
called the Buthay, which was many years since given for a play- 
ground to the boys of the town. This ground has of late years 
been very sadly encroached upon, and unless the corporation exert 
themselves on the behalf of the poor boys, it will very soon be 
entirely lost to them. 

1064. OLIVER CROMWELL'S LANDED ESTATES. In Notes and 
Queries (l et S. i. 277) a correspondent, writing from Belgravia under 
the signature "V.," has stated that in Carlyle's Cromwell's Letters 
and Speeches, vol. iv., p. 75 (3rd ed., 1850), there is a note 
containing a list of the estates which the Protector owned at the 
time of his death, there being, besides Newhall, specified as "in 
Essex," five, viz., "Dalby, Broughton, Burleigh, Okham, and 
Egleton," of which the editor has ascertained the localities ; and 
six, viz., 





<{ Grower, valued at 


s. d. 
479 per an. 




Chepstall ,, 


549 7 3 




Magore ,, 


448 




Sydenham ,, 


3121 9 6 




Woolaston ,, 


664 16 6 




Chaulton ,, 


500 0," 


of 


which "he knows nothing." 


It would surely, he adds, 



be a 

proper, and, one might hope, an attainable object of inquiry, to 
search out these unplaced estates of the great Protector, and give 
them a local habitation in modern knowledge. This is precisely 
one of the kind of queries which your publication seems best fitted 
to aid ; and I therefore submit it, in the hope of some discoveries, 
to your correspondents. 

" Seleucus " replied, p. 339, to this effect : The seignory of 
Gower is the peninsula which runs out between the bays of Swansea 

and Carmarthen, Mr. Dillwyn's Contributions towards a 

History of Swansea contains the following references to the Gower 
property of Cromwell : " We are informed by the Minute-book of 
the Common Hall" (at Swansea), "that on May 19, 1648, there 
came to this towne the truly Honourable Oliver Cromwell, Esq. . . 
. . . Lord of this towne, the Seignory of Gower, and Manor of 
Killay, with the members thereof," &c. "On May 5, 1647, 
Parliament settled the estates of the Marquis of Worcester, in 
Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire, on Cromwell; and, by a 
subsequent order, the estate in Glamorganshire was added to this 
grant. The conveyance from Parliament to Cromwell is made, not 
only in the name of his Majesty, but has a portrait of Charles the 
First at its head," 



80 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

To this " V." rejoined, p. 389 : I am much obliged to " Seleucus " 
for his answer to this inquiry, as far as regards the seignory of 
Gower. It also throws a strong light on the remaining names ; by 
the aid of which, looking in Gloucestershire and Monmouthshire, I 
have identified Magore with the parish of Magor (St. Mary's), 
hundred of Caldecott, co. Monmouth ; and guess, that for Chepstall 
we must read Chepstow, which is in the same hundred, and the 
population of which we know was stout in the royal cause, as 
tenants of the Marquis of Worcester would be. Then I guess 
Woolaston may be Woolston, (hundred of Deerhurst), co. Gloucester; 
and Chaulton, one of the Charltons in the same county, perhaps 
Charlton Kings, near Cheltenham ; where again we read, that many 
of the residents were slain in the civil war, fighting on the king's 
side. This leaves only Sydenham without something like a 
probable conjecture, at least : unless here, too, we may guess it was 
miswritten for Siddiugton, near Cirencester. [See infra regarding 
Woolaston and Tidenham.] The names, it is to be observed, are 
only recorded by Noble ; whose inaccuracy as a transcriber has been 
shown abundantly by Carlyle. The record to which he refers as 
extant in the House of Commons papers, is not to be found, I am 
told. Now, if it could be ascertained, either that the name in 
question had been Cromwell's, or even that they were a part of the 
Worcester estates, before the civil war, we should have the whole 
list cleared, thanks to the aid so effectually given by " Seleucus's " 
apposite explanations of one of its items. 

But guesses are oftentimes unsatisfactory ; and in proof we quote 
the following brief communication, p. 421 : There is Woolaston, 
in Gloucestershire, four miles from Chepstow, chiefly belonging now 
to the Duke of Beaufort. 

And still more to the point is the statement of the late Mr. 
George Ormerod, of Sedbury Park, Chepstow, p. 458 : I have no 
doubt as to /Sydenham being Tidenham; for this manor, the 
property of the Marquis of Worcester, was possessed by Cromwell ; 
and, among my title-deeds connected with this parish, I have court 
rolls in Cromwell's name both for Tidenham itself and for Beachley, 
a mesne manor within it. These manors, which were inherited 
from the Herberts by the Somersets, were taken out of the former 
Marches by the statute 27 Hen. YIIL, cap. 26, 13, and annexed, 
together with Woolaston, similarly circumstanced, to the county of 
Gloucester and to the hundred of Westbury : of which hundred, 
in a legal sense, they still continue a part. 

Two short notes from "Seleucus" appeared in the succeeding 
volume, pp. 127, 141 ; but they refer to Magor, in Monmouthshire. 

1065. NOTES ON THE PARISH OF WICKWAB. From a MS. 
volume, compiled by the late Mr. John Eoberts, of Wickwar, 
M.K.C.S.L. and L.S.A., and entitled " Wickwar, in the County of 

Loucester, 1844," the following extracts have been made, by 
permission of the present owner, Miss Roberts : 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 81 

The parish of Wickwar lies in the hundred of Grumbald's Ash, 
three miles and seven furlongs south-west from Wotton-under-Edge, 
two miles and six furlongs from Kingswood, four miles from 
Chipping Sodbury, eighteen miles from Bath, fourteen miles from 
Bristol, twenty-four miles from Gloucester, and one hundred and 
eleven miles west from London, by the turnpike roads. It contains, 
by estimation, 2,231 acres ; and within it is a neat little market-town, 
consisting of one spacious street, pleasantly situated on the best 
road from Bath to Gloucester, and watered by two small streams. 
The surrounding scenery is highly picturesque, and the air pure and 
salubrious. The clothing business was carried on at a very early 
period to a considerable extent, but has been for many years past 
altogether discontinued. Leland, in the time of Henry VIII., calls 
the place " a pratye clothinge tounlet." The poor are now enployed 
in agriculture. The name anciently was Wichen, from Wic, and 
afterwards became Wickwar, from the family of La Warr, who for 
several generations were lords of the manor. Many years since 
this manor was purchased by Sir Robert Ducie, from whom it has 
descended to its present possessor, the Earl of Ducie. There are 
two courts, held at the same time and place, one for the borough, 
and one for the tithing, or foreign, which have separate constables. 
They are a court leet and court baron. 

Wickwar has a weekly market and three fairs. The market is 
held on Monday, and the fairs on the 6th April, the 2nd July, and 
the first Monday in November. The market and the April and 
July fairs were first granted in the reign of Edward I. The like 
privileges were granted by Henry VIII., in the 24th year of his 
reign, to Sir Thomas West, Lord La Warr ; and there is in the 
possession of the corporation an Inspeximus and confirmation of 
the last-mentioned grant, dated 4th July, 4 Charles I., of which 
this is a copy : " Charles, by the grace of God, of England, 
France, and Ireland, King, Defender of the Faith, and so forth, 
To all to whom these present letters shall come, greeting. We 
have inspected the enrolment of certain letters patent, bearing date 
at Westminster the eleventh day of April, in the twenty-fourth 
year of the reign of Henry the Eighth, late King of England, 
made and granted to Sir Thomas West, Knight, Lord La Warr, 
enrolled in the rolls of our Chancery, and there remaining on record, 
in these words : 'The King to Archbishops, Bishops, &c., greeting. 
Know ye that we have granted, and by this our present charter 
confirmed, to our well-beloved and faithful Sir Thomas West, 
Knight, Lord La Warr, that he, and his heirs for ever, may have 
one market in every week, on Monday, at his manor of Warre 
Wyks, in the county of Gloucester, and two fairs there every year, 
that is to say, one on the first day of the Annunciation of the 
Blessed Virgin Mary, and the other on the Feast-day of the 
Visitation of the said Blessed Virgin Mary, unless the said market 
and fairs shall be to the injury of the neighbouring fairs and 

VOL. III. F 



82 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

markets.' Wherefore we will, and firmly command, for us and our 
heirs, that the aforesaid Thomas, and his heirs for ever, shall have 
the aforesaid market and fairs at his manor aforesaid, with all 
liberties and free customs to such like markets and fairs belonging, 
unless the said market and fairs shall be to the injury of the 
neighbouring markets and fairs, as aforesaid. These being witnesses, 
and dated, &c. Witness the King at Westminster the eleventh 
day of April. By the King himself, and of the date, &c. Now 
we, at the request of John Sarney, Mayor of the Town of Warwick 
[sic], have by these presents caused the tenor of the enrolments 
of the letters patent aforesaid to be exemplified. In witness 
whereof we have caused these our letters to be made patent. 
Witness ourself at Westminster the fourth day of July, in the 
fourth year of our reign." 

The following paragraph will be a suitable appendix to the 
above : " We, whose names are underneath written, did give these 
sums hereafter subscribed towards the renewing of this charter, as 
followeth : John Sarney, mayor, 1 2s. ; John Tomes, alderman, 
10s. ', Thomas Stocke, alderman, 4s. ; Richard Russell, alderman, 
20s. 7d. ; Thomas Cam, 10s. ; Thomas By shop, 8s. ; Margret 
Prout, widow, 6s. 8d. ; James Sumers, 6s. ; Alexander Dorney y e 
younger, 5s. ; Robert Cole the elder, 5s ; Antony Walker, 2s. 6d. ; 
William Turner, 2s. ; Henry Ford, Is. ; Robert Dorney, Is. ; 
Edmund Chamnis, Is. ; John Curneck, Is. ; Alis Campier, widow, 
Is; Thomas Hobes, 9d. ; Robert Ford, 8d. ; William Knowles, 6d. ; 
John Worlock, 6d. ; Matthew Fygings, 6d. ; John Belcher, 6d. 
[5.0. 2]. 

Tolls taken at the fairs on cattle sold, viz., Cows and calves, 2d. 
each; Beasts, 2d. each; Pigs, Id. each; Sheep, Is. per score; 
Standings, 2d. each. 

The profits and tolls of the weekly market and the April and 
July fairs belong to the mayor, but the November fair is toll-free. 
This fair was first held, by permission of the mayor, in November, 
1834. 

Wickwar is a borough by prescription, with a mayor and twelve 
aldermen.* The mayor is elected from them on the 29th day of 
October annually ; and the aldermen from the inhabitants, being 
freeholders. They have a common seal, and a silver mace, the gift 
of Mr. William Giles in the year 1709 [?]. The mace, upon all 
public occasions, is carried before the mayor by his sergeant, f 

* See what is stated of this borough ante, vol. i., p. 303. ED. 

Bla^'o^FriXv^ *,? 16 fift ^ time of Mr " H t enr y] p arker as mayor of this borough took 
Sontffild Vin' evening the mayor gave a dinner to the corporation at his residence, 

' ": ~ ' ' The health of the mayor was proposed by the rector, who 
Referring to the Act passed during the last 
, which f aving no 



. T- 

^tKO^Q 616 ^ 08 ^ 11 ^ PUrPOS6S ' WaS Cl6a 6Xempt fr m the 
Town Hall i Act> On Su nday the rector and aldermen met the mayor at the 

oflte beinl' D reld^] n L 1 ^ PrOCeSS1 ? to church < the ma y r > wearin g bis robe and chain of 
Weitend TlousTTnfhp th* A serge& ^ carrying the silver mace, presented by William Giles, of 

171 



, 

rat a " At the conclusion of the 

Nov. 17 1883 _El? P y ' the bdto rang out a Jy us P^ 1 -" (Mroud Journal, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



83 



The following is a list of the mayors as far as they can be traced 


with any degree of certainty : 




Oct. Oct. 


Oct. 


Oct. 


1627 1629. John Sarney. 


1774 


1776. William Morley. 


1683 1685. James Bayley. 


1776 


1778. Richard Barber. 


1686 1688. Obadiah Ash. 


1778 


1779. Henry Harford. 


1688 1689. Jonathan Ford. 


1779 


1781. William Hale. 


1689 1690. Nebuchadnezzer 


1781 


1782. Richard Barber. 


Prout. 


1782 


1784. Richard Lowe. 


1690 1691. Henry Ford. 


1784 


1786. WilliamHockley. 


1693. Henry Shipman. 


1786 


1787. John Pardoe. 


1699 1700. John Somers. 


1787 


1789. James Lowe. 


1702. Moses Ford. 


1789 


1791. William Morley. 


1709 1712. William Giles. 


1791 


1792. Daniel Wilkins. 


17U 1718. Obadiah Ash, jun. 


1792 


_ 1794. Prout. 


1722 1723. Do. 


1794 


1795. James Lowe. 


1723. Samuel Niblett. 


1795 


1797. James Morley. 


1732 1733. Samuel Walker. 


1797 


1798. Thomas Daniell. 


1733 1734. Moses Ford. 


1798 


1799. Wm. Wickham. 


1734 _ 1735. John Andrews 


1799 


1800. Joseph Isaac. 


1735 1737. JohnBick. 


1800 


1802. Arthur Hockley. 


1737 1739. John Andrews. 


1802 


1803. Jas. Lowe, jun. 


1739 1743. Benj. Hockley. 


1803 


1804. Thomas Shipway. 


1743 _ 1745. Thomas Hale. 


1804 


1805. William Haynes. 


1745 1747. Thomas Lowe. 


1805 


1806. William Park. 


1747 1748. Nicholas Bick. 


1806 


1813. John Ford. 


1748 _ 1749. Samuel Niblett. 


1813 


1814. Edmund Jones. 


1749 1750. William Fox. 


1814 


1815. James Tanner. 


1750 1751. Samuel Mblett. 


1815 


1817. Joseph Minett. 


1751 _ 1752. Matthew Nichols. 


1817 


1818. Thos. Cullimore. 


1752 1754. William Fox. 


1818 


1820. Joseph Franklin. 


1754 1755. Samuel Niblett. 


1820 


1824. Joseph Minett. 


1755 1756. Moses Ford. 


1824 


1827. William White. 


1756 1757. Thomas Hale. 


1827 


1831. Joseph Plaister. 


1757 1759. Thomas Lowe. 


1831 


1833. John Pullin. 


1759 1760. Nicholas Bick. 


1833 


1836. Thomas Garlike. 


1760 1761. Samuel Niblett. 


1836 


1837. Thomas Hopkins. 


1761 1762. Henry Harford. 


1837 


1838. Thomas Arnold. 


1762 1764. Thomas Watkins. 


1838 


1839. Joseph Isaac. 


1764 1765. Henry Harford. 


1839 


1840. James Tanner. 


1765 1767. Richard Barber. 


1840 


1841. Joseph Minett. 


1767 1768. James Lowe. 


1841 


1842. Peter Oliff. 


1768 1769. James Fowler. 


1842 


1743. John Isaac. 


1769 1771. Daniel Wilkins. 


1843 


1844. Robert Franklin. 


1771 1774. Richard Lowe. 


1844 


1845. William Plaister. 



(To be continued.) 



84 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1066. THE WINDOW TAX IN GLOUCESTER, 1 771. The following 
is a copy 'of a parchment document in my possession : 

" City of Gloucester to wit. 

" A full, true, and particular duplicate of all and every sum and 
sums of money assessed, charged, and to be collected within the 
city aforesaid, for the service of the year One thousand, seven 
hundred, and seventy-one, by virtue of the several acts of Parlia- 
ment for laying a duty on houses and windows : 



Parishes. 
Colledge 
St. John Baptist 
St. Catharine 
St. Mary de Crypt 

St. Mary de Lode 

St. Michael 
St. Nicholas 
The Holy Trinity 



Collectors. 

John Floy and Henry Williams 
Thomas Marsh and William Peach 
Daniel Spencer and John Lane 
John Ashmeade and Thomas Pruen 
Nathaniel Millard and Samuel 

Perkins 

James Kersey and William Jeffs 
Arthur Cook and William Kendall 
William Daniel and William Addis 



Sums. 

97 7 8 

55 6 5 

16 14 4 

131 13 2 

29 11 5 

149 15 2 

118 16 6 

62 10 8 



Total... 661 15 4 



(Signed) L. Crump (seal) 

John Webb (seal)." 

The names may be interesting to those who study our local 
history. John Ashmeade had habitation probably at Ashmeade 
House, Eastgate-street, and may have grown the once famous fruit, 
"Ashmeade Kernel." There was no more obnoxious tax than that 
on windows, and many and ingenious were the expedients adopted 
to evade it. The heavy inhabited house duty still remains. I 
think it was Gillray, the caricaturist, who had a cartoon which 
pourtrayed a cook in a kitchen lifting the cover of the salt-box, 
when out pops the head of Pitt. "Bless me," exclaims the 
affrighted domestic, you there ! " HENRY j Eim 

Gloucester. 

1067. THE HEALTHINESS OF HEMPSTEAD. In the Bristol Times 
and Mirror, Oct. 15, 1884, this note appeared : " HEMPSTEAD. 
This village [near Gloucester] has long been famous for its healthi- 
ness. A selection has been made of seven villagers at the present 
moment in fair health, one of whom is 91 years of age, two 80, 
one 79, two 78, and one 74, the aggregate of their ages being 560 
years, or an average, of 80 years each. The lady of 91 is hale and 
hearty, and a few weeks ago was walking in the streets of 
Gloucester on a visit to her friends. The parish is said to be rich 
les, and the poor are well cared for, which probably will 
somewhat account for the longevity of its inhabitants." 

G. A. W. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 85 

An extract from the same newspaper, January 13, 1885, may be 
appended: " A HEALTHY VILLAGE. The rector of Fylton [near 
'Bristol], the Eev. John Mackie, in his ISTew Year's address, called 
the attention of his congregation to the circumstance that no death 
had occurred in the parish, with a population of about 300, since 
June, 1883, the deceased person on that occasion being upwards of 
80 years of age." EDITOR. 

1068. SHORT NOTES ON THE PARISH OF CROMHALL. Your 
readers may be glad to have noted down for them a few points of 
historical interest within the borders of this parish, which lies 
between Charfield and Thornbury, on the road from Bristol to 
Wotton-under-Edge. One point is the site of a Roman villa, 
attested by tesselated pavement. Another is the site of a hermit's 
cell, called Anchor (or Anchoret) Hill. While a third is the site 
of a mediaeval monastery, or priory, or grange. 

The first is near the lake within the Earl of Ducie's beautiful 
park, which stretches from Tortworth Court nearly to the parish 
church of Cromhall. 

The second is situated in the same direction, just outside the 
precincts of the park, and is stated by Atkyns and Rudder to have 
been the abode of a hermit, whose counsel was sought by the 
monks of Bangor (? now Llanwit, in Glamorganshire) before their 
final interview with Augustine, of Canterbury, at whose invitation 
they had crossed the Severn for conference with him on religious 
matters. 

The third object of interest mentioned is also situated outside 
the Cromhall Church end of Tortworth Park, and below a farm- 
house now known to the Ordnance surveyors as Abbot Side Farm. 
The monastery, or priory, or grange, of which the substructions are 
extensive, was clearly connected with the manor called Cromhall 
Abbots, which is stated by Atkyns, in his Glocestershire (ed. 1768), 
p. 196, to have belonged to the abbot of St. Austin's in Bristol, 
having been given to that monastery by Robert Lord Berkeley, son 
of Harding, 1148; "which abbey," he continues, "was seised 
thereof, and had free-warren and court-leet therein, 13 and 15 Ed. I." 
And he adds, that " after the dissolution of religious foundations 
it was granted to the chapter of Bristol, 34 Hen. VIII., and now 
continueth in that church." J OHN j AMEg> 

Highfield, Lydney. 

1069. THOMAS JAMES AND JOHN HOPKINS, BOTH OF BRISTOL. 
Can you tell me anything of " Thomas James, of the Citty of 
Bristol, merchant," and " John Hopkins, alderman of Bristol," who 
were members of the Virginia Company of London in 16061609 ? 
I am searching up material for a history of the Founding of 
Virginia (16061619), the mother of English colonies, and for 
biographies of the Founders. Is there anything in the records of 



86 GLOUCESTEESHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Gloucestershire, or of Bristol, that you think would be of service 
to me in the premises ? ALEXANDER BROWN. 

Norwood P.O., Nelson County, Virginia, U.S.A. 

J07Q. THE BROMESBERROW MUSEUM. I have an 8vo, entitled 

A Catalogue of all the natural and artificial Curiosities in the 
Museum of W. H. Yate, Esq., of Bromesberrow Place, near 
Glocester, printed by Eobert Kaikes in 1801, and sold for 2s. 6d. 
The museum had been formed by Dr. Greene, of Lichfield (whose 
portrait is prefixed), "with many additions by the present 
proprietor;" and in the dedication to Sir Joseph Banks, Bart., 
President of the Koyal Society, and to the Earl of Leicester, 
President of the Society of Antiquaries, it is described as " cele- 
brated for its extent, enriched with variety, and collected with 
taste and elegance." Not having any knowledge of it beyond 
what may be gathered from the book, I shall be glad to be 
informed as to its fate ; I mean, whether, like most collections of 
the kind, it was subsequently dispersed by auction, and if so, when 
and where ? or whether it has been preserved intact, and if so, in 
whose possession it is, and where to be seen ? The following items, 
which I have selected almost at random, may be taken as samples, 
and will probably be deemed curious, tho' perhaps not particularly 
useful : 

1. Various articles of dress, caps, sashes, gloves, etc., worn by 
several of our kings and queens. 

2. A picture, which, being viewed from one corner of the room, 
represents a clergyman in his canonicals ; from the opposite corner, 
a Dutch fishmonger in his shop. 

3. The portrait of Shakespear, painted on part of his mulberry 
tree, by Mr. Williams. 

4. Part of the tree against which the arrow glanced that killed 
King "William Kufus. 

5. A curious picture, which, by a secret movement, represents 
at one time the King and at the other the Queen. 

6. An impression in plaister of Shakespear. 

7. Two ribs of King Richard II., taken by a Westminster 
scholar from the tomb of that unfortunate monarch in Westminster 
Abbey, in 1778. 

8. A small portion of the dried flesh and skin of Catherine, 
queen of Henry V. 

9. A fragment of the coffin of Humphry, Duke of Gloucester, 
from St. Albans. 

10. A piece of the shroud of Edward the Confessor. 

11. Hair of Queen Anne. 

12. The inkstand used by Dr. Johnson while writing his 
Dictionary, and presented by him to Dr. Greene. j Q. 

1071." TRANSLATOR " AS APPLIED TO TRADE. In a Gloucester- 
shire parish register I have met with the word " Translates " (with 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 87 

" poor " appended), as expressing the trade of a father whose child 
was baptized in 1701. What may have been the man's occupation ] 

0. T. D. 

Shoemakers, who vamp old shoes which are afterwards sold as 
new, are called " translators." The term is of frequent occurrence 
in parish registers of former days. In Coles's Latin Dictionary 
(5th ed., 1703), Littleton's Latin Dictionary (4th ed., 1715), and 
Dyche and Pardon's English Dictionary (10th ed., 1759), it is 
applied to a " cobler." See the Percy Anecdotes (Chandos Library), 
p. 337, for an amusing anecdote on the word, in the case of a man 
tried at the Old Bailey, in 1796, for stealing shoes. EDITOR. 

1072. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. VII. : 
QUEDGELET. This inscription appears : " Hoc in libro, ex veteri 
libro cartaceo transcripta, nomina eorum, qui, regnante Serenissima 
Domina nostra Elizabetha, aut baptismatis aqua abluti, aut 
matrimonio copulati, aut ecclesiasticse sepulturse beneficio affecti 
Bint, suo ordine inscribuntur, juxta constitutiones auctoritate Regia 
nuper editas, anno Regni Reginas Elizabeth primo." 

Baptisms. 

1559. Jan. 3. Elizabeth, d. of John Woodward. 

Feb. 3. Alis, d. of Thomas Huyshe. 

1560. May 7. John, s. of Thomas Smith. Robert Smith 

and John Prychill, Godfathers. 

May 23. Richard Norton, s. of George Norton. 

Richard Wyndow, John Woodward, God- 
fathers. 

Sept. 25. William Vaughan, s. of Xtopher Vaughan. 

William Horneg, John Prychill, G. Fathers. 

Oct. 8. Elizabeth, d. of Richard Turner. Thomas 

Watkins, Mastres Try, Doryty Merymot, 
G. Father and G. Mothers. 

Nov. 15. Doritye, d. of John Woodward. 

Dec. 8. John, s. of George Tomse. 

Dec. 8. John, s. of William Meryte. 

Mar. 21. John, s. of John Howe. 

1561. May 10. Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Hughes. 

Sept. 21. Richard, s. of Walter Harrys. 

Sept. 29. Richard, s. of John Wyndowe. 

- Nov. 26. Frances, d. of Thomas Watkins. 

Jan? the last. Francis, s. of John Meryman. 

1562. June 11. John, s. of George Norton. 

July 12. Thomas, s. of John Jennings. 

Sept. 7. Thomas, s. of Thomas Wyndowe. 

Sept. 30. Johan, d. of John Woodward. 

1563. April 23. James, s. of Xtopher Vaughan. 



88 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1563. April 27. William, s. of John Wyndow. 

Aug. 20. Alys, d. of Eobert Taylor. 

Aug. 23. John, s. of Eobirt Byshope. 

1564. May 17. Jane, d. of Kychard Turner. 
June 25. John, s. of John Hunt. 

July 25. Eobert, s. of Eichard Smith. 
Aug. 10. Jane, d. of John Meryman. 

Sept. 21. Alys, d. of Eobert Davys. 

Dec. 6. Johan, d. of John Jennyns. 

Feb. 27. Alice, d. of John Woodward and Jane, his 

wife. Eichard Turner, or Tayler, God- 
father; Alyce Byshope and Jane Davys, 
Godmothers. 

1665. June 1. Joyce Smith, s. of John Smith and Agnis 
Loders, unmarried. 

July 29. Alyce, d. of Eychard Smith and Elynor, his 

wife. John Pychill, G. Father ; Alice 
Cooke and Elizabeth Watkins, G. Mothers. 

Sept. 27. Agnes, d. of Thomas' Wyndowe and Jane, his 

wife. John Byshop, G. Father; Agnes 
Harrys and Jane Wyndow, God Mothers. 

Feb. 11. Elizabeth, d. of Eobert Byshop and Jone, 

his wife. 

1566. Jan. 9. Jone, d. of John Hunt and Jone, his wife. 

Jan. 26. Thomasine Greminge, [d.] of Agues Greminge. 

Thomas Pylme, G. Path. ; Hedy Evans 
and Thomasine Flowre, G. Mothers. 

Feb. 2. Jane, d. of John Woodward and Jane, 

his wife. 

Feb. 27. John Branyard, s. of Elizabeth Branyard. 

John Grevestock and Thomas Davis, G. 
Fs. ; Margt Hyett, G. M. 

1567. Mar. 31. Eobart, s. of William Smart. 

April 9. Edward, s. of Edward Stephens and Jone, 

his wife. 
July 14. Margaret, d. of John Genyngs and Alice, 

his wife. 
Aug. 1. John, s. of John- Wyndow and Katherine, 

his wife. 

Aug. 14. Jone, d. of Eobart Davis and Jone, his wife. 
Sept. 20. John Walklye, s. of John Walkley and 

Amias, his wife. John Jennings and 
Eichard Mery, G. Fathers ; and Margaret 
Barrowe, Gent., Godmother. 
Dec. 10. John, s. of William Bayly and Edye, his 

wife, buried same day. 

Jan. 11. Edye Smith, d. of Eichard Smith and Elinor, 
his wife. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 89 

1568. Sept. 16. Thomas, s. of Eobert Byshop and Jone, 

his wife. 

Oct. 6. Edward, s. of John Wyndowe and Katryne, 

his wife. 

Jan. 6 Jone, d. of William Bay lie and Edye, his 

wife. 

Jan. 25. John, s. of John Myrinian and Dorithie, 

his wife. 

1569. Nov. 30. Koger, s. of Thomas Travas and Elizabeth, 

his wife. 

Jan. 11. Johane, d. of John Walkeley and Agnes, 

his wife. 

Mar. 4. Jone, d. of Eichard Smith and Elynor, his 

wife. 

1570. April 4. Edward, s. of Thomas and Elizab. Watkins. 

July 4. Jone, d. of Edmund Prydy and Elizabeth, 

his wife. 

Sept. 8. Jone, d. of John Smith and Marg*, his wife. 

Nov. 30. Eichard Byshop. 

Dec. 30. Jone, d. of John Prychell and Marg 1 , his wife. 

Jan. 21. Johane, d. of Thomas Trevis and Elizab., 

his wife. 

1571. Jan. 27. Johan, d. of John Smith and Marg*, his wife. 
1573. April 24. John, s. of Eichard Overton and Margaret, 

his wife. 

April 26. Mylicent, d. of Henry Huse and Johan, 

his wife. 
1575. Oct. 18. Elinor, d. of Henry Huckes and Johan, 

his wife. 

1579. July 3. Eobert Davis. 
1586. May 14. Henry, s. of Anthony Nicolson. 
1588. March, last day. Susanna Berrowe, d. of James 

Berrowe. 

1590. May 20. Edmund, s. of Arnold Allen. 

Mar. 23. Gyles, s. of John Venn. 

1591. July 29. Eichard Berrowe, s. of James Berrowe, Gent. 

Aug. 29. William Keylocke. 

1592. Feb. 3. Elizabeth Venn, d. of John Venn, of 

Hempsteide. 
1597. Feb. 12. Daniel, s. of Peter Hogge, Clerk, and Julian, 

his wife. 

1605. Aug. 22. Anthony, s. of same. 
1608. April 10. William, s. of Edmund Berrow, Esq r . 

Nov. 6. John, s. of John Clissould. 

1610. Mar. 17. Edith, d. of John Clissold [churchwarden]. 
1615. Sept. 24. Thomas, s. of Thomas Test, of Hardwicke. 
1621. Dec. 29. Edmund, s. of John Barnard, borne at Hard- 
wicke, and bapt d here by leave of their 



90 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



1622. 


June 27. 


1623. 


Nov. 2. 


1629. 


May 3. 





Sept. 20. 


1631. 


Mar. 18. 


1632. 


Nov. 18. 


1633. 


Oct. 1. 





Oct. 13. 


1635. 


April 17. 


1637. 


Mar. 22. 


1638. 


Oct. 24. 





Jan. 15. 


1639. 


Feb. 27. 


1641. 


Dec. 5. 


1642. 


Oct. 25. 


1644. 


Mar. 29. 


1651. 


July 24. 


1652. 


Aug. 6. 


1660. 


Mar. 24. 


1663. 


Aug. 14. 


1664. 


Jan. 7. 


1665. 


May 29. 


1668. 


June 24. 





Dec. 22. 


1670. 


Dec. 22. 


- 


Feb. 23. 


1671. 


April 12. 





Jan. 31, 


1672. 


Oct. 22. 


1673. 


June 3. 





Nov. 30. 





Dec. 7. 


1674. 


Sept. 2. 





Mar. 20. 


1675. 


Jan. 4. 



Minister in regard of the fouleness of 
the tyme, he dwelling in Wathens House. 
Frances, d. of M r Robard Bysshop. 
Elizabeth, d. of same. 
Sara, d. of Anthony Kingston, Gent. 
Edmund, s. of George Kenn, Esq r . 
Mary, d. of Anthony Kingston, Gentleman. 
Ann, d. of Thomas Teast. 
Elizabeth, d. of John Berrow, Esq r . 
William, s. of Thomas Teast. 
George Kenn, s. of M r George Kenn, Esq r . 
Sybil, d. of M r Anthony Kingston. 
Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Clifford. 
Ann, d. of M r George Kenn, Esq r . 
John Kenn, s. of George Kenn, Esq r . 
Anna, d. of William Venn. 
Mary, d. of Anthony Kingston, Gent. 
John, s. of William Venn. 
William, s. of same. 
Dorothy, d. of Thomas Weyman. 
Susanna, d. of Daniel Goddard and Anne, 

his wife. 

Daniel, s. of same. 

Mary, d. of John Makepeace, Minister. 
Henry, s. of Daniel Goddard and Anne, 

his wife. . 
Mary, d. of same. 
John, s. of John Makepeace. 
Edmund, s. of John Makepeace and Mary, 

his wife. 

William, s. of M r William Hayward. 
Margaret, d. of M r Thomas Barrow and 

Marg*, his wife. 
Lucy, d. of John Makepeace and Mary, 

his wife. 
Mary, d. of M r William Hayward and Elinor, 

his wife. 
Grace, d. of Daniel Goddard and Anne, 

his wife. 
Thomas, s. of M r William Hayward and 

Elenor, his wife. 
Edmund, s. of John Makepeace, Cler., and 

Mary, his wife. 
William, s. of M r Thomas Berrow and Marg*, 

his wife. 
Edmund, s. of John Makepeace, Minister, 

and Mary. 

Elizabeth, d. of M* William Hayward and 
Elenor, his wife. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 91 

1677. July 22. Samuel, s. of John Makepeace and Mary, 

his wife. 

Feb. 5. Ann, d. of M r William Hayward and Elenor, 

his wife. 

1678. Nov. 7. Nathaniel, s. of John Makepeace and Mary, 

his wife. 

1680. May 13. Susanna, d. of M r William Hey ward and 

Elinor, his wife. 

1681. May 5. Joseph, s. of John Makepeace. 

July 21. Richard, s. of M r William Hayward and 

Elinor, his wife. 

1691. Sept. 10. Margaret, d. of John Makepeace and Anne, 
his wife. 

1698. Nov. 15. Richard, s. of Samuel Byard. 

1699. Mar. 14. Mary, d. of same. 

1703. Oct. 28. Albinia, d. of William Hayward. 

1704. Feb. 2. William, s. of same. 
1706. Aug. 2. Thomas, s. of same. 
1708. April 22. John, s. of same. 

1716. Nov. 22. William, s. of William James, Minister of 

Elmore, and Curate of this Parish, and 

Mary, his wife.* 
1719. May 4. John, s. of William James, Minister of 

Elmore, and Mary, his wife. 
1723. April 6. Esther, d. of John Fewtrel and Sarah, his 

wife. 
1733. Nov. 2. Francis [sic], d. of Thomas Hayward, Esq r , 

and Mercia, his wife. 
1736-7. Mar. 2. Thomas, s. of same. 
1743. June 13. William, s. of same. 
1757. Mar. 9. John, s. of John and Jane Wingate. 
(To be continued.) 

1073. IMPEOVEMENTS IN NORTH CERNEY CHURCH, 1883. 
The following paragraph from the Gloucester Journal, May 26, 
1883, mentions what, I think, is worthy of record in a permanent 
and convenient form : Within the last few weeks some improve- 
ments have been effected in this ancient and interesting parish 
church. Its chief defect, architecturally, was the removal, about 
1740, of two of the ancient windows on the south side, to make 
way for two large square windows of three lights. One of these 
windows is cut across by the west gallery, and so is not internally 
much noticed; the effect of the other has been very favourably 
modified by the removal to it of the stained glass, by O'Connor, 

* An inscription in the nave of Elmore Church gives these particulars : " In memory of 
the | Rev. Mr. William James, | late Minister of this Church | and Vicar of Longney, | who 
died October 11, 1744, aged 59. | Also Mary, his wife, | daughter of John Gough, | late of 
Stonehouse, in this county. | She died June 5, 1747, aged 54. | Also Anna, their daughter, | who, 
in regard to the memory of her I dear parents, caused this I monument to be erected. | She died 
Oct. 17, 1755, | aged 22 years." ED. 



92 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND ^QUERIES. 

which until lately filled the centre light of the east window of the 
south chancel aisle of Cirencester parish church. A gift of beautiful 
glass for the whole of that window by the Lawrence family, placed 
the old ^lass at the disposal of the vicar and churchwardens ; this 
opportunity Canon Medd has taken advantage of, and the three 
subjects from the life of St. John the Baptist, placed horizontally, 
are now seen, perhaps, to greater advantage than in their former 
position, one above the other. The other improvement is in the 
organ, which, though a good-toned instrument, by "Walker, was 
only a barrel organ, with a very limited repertory of tunes, and so 
needed, especially for chanting, to be supplemented by a harmonium. 
It was removed from the west gallery to an advantageously placed 
organ chamber, when the body of the church was restored about 
five years ago. It has now been converted into a manual organ by 
Mr. C. Martin, of Oxford, who has succeeded in supplying, at 
moderate cost, a very sweet and sufficiently powerful instrument. 

GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

1074. ENTRIES OF BURIAL IN THE EEGISTER OF CHRIST CHURCH, 
OXFORD. The following extracts from " The Register Booke of 
Christ Church in Oxford of all that have been christened, maried, 
and buried since the year of our Lord 1633," may interest the 
reader : 

1643. Oct. 2. " William Villers, Vise' Grandison, buried." 
This was William, second Viscount Grandison, who died from the 
effects of a wound received at the siege of Bristol, 26 July. By 
his wife Mary, third dau. of Paul, Viscount Bayning, he was 
father of Barbara, Duchess of Cleveland. 

1674. April 29. "Sebastian Smith, D.D., and Prebend." 
Born at Bristol, educated at Westminster, canon of Wells, died set. 
70. Monument erected to his memory by Dorothy, his widow, 
9 Dec., 1674. She died 6 Dec., 1683, set. 70. M.L in Le Neve's 
Hon. Anglj p. 103, no. 226. 

1706. Feb. 27. "Will* Jane, S.T.D., Canon." Dean of 
Gloucester, installed 6 June, 1685; chaplain to King William III., 
and prolocutor of the Lower House of Convocation. 

1719. Sept. 29. "The R fc Rev d George Smallridge, BP of 
Bristol, Dean." Canon of Christ Church, dean of Carlisle, and 
dean of Christ Church, which dignity he held in commendam with 
the see of Bristol, to which he was appointed in April, 1714. 

iU. May 30. "Joseph White, D.D., Reg. Prof, of Hebrew, 
Canon." See ante, vol. ii., p. 410. ' 



. . BROCKTHROP TAXPAYERS, 1327-1584. The annexed 

ists furnish us with the names of the principal residents in the 
parish of Brockthrop at different periods of time ; viz., in the 
reigns of Edward III., Philip and Mary, and Elizabeth ; the third 

nng taken from the Gloucester corporation records. 
Harescombe Rectory, Stroud. J. MBLLAND HALL. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 93 

I. 

Subsidy Roll, 1 Edw. III. (1327). 
Hundr : de Duddeston. 

Brocthrop. 
Johne Bonde ... ... ... ... xviij d 

Rob* Colston viij d ob 

Rob* Oswrede ... ... ... ... xvj d 

Walter Meriet ix d 

Ric. Meriet ... ... ... ... ... xiiij d ob 

Bob* Danyels ix d q 

Gilbert in the Felde ... viij d ob 

Bob* Bysshop viij d q 

Ric. Fox - vij d q 

Henr. Joene ... ... ... ... ... xiiij d q 

Will m in the Felde xij d q 

Agnes Loke ... ... ... ... ... vj d ob 

Thomas Bigge ... ... ... ... xiiij d q 

Walter de Helbergh... ... ... ... xxiiij d q 

Summa xiiij 8 xj d ob q 
II 
Subsidy Roll, 4 & 5 Philip and Mary (1557-8). 

(Public Record Office : Glouc. ijf-) 

This subsidy was required for the war with France, which Queen 
Mary had declared, on the 7th of June, in support of her husband. 
In the course of the war Calais was lost, which occasioned great 
discontent throughout the kingdom. 

Will. Payne, goods vj n ... ... xvj s 

Elizabeth Mblett C 8 xiij 8 iiij d 

Rob fc Richards C 8 xiij 8 iiij d 

Tho 8 Richards C 8 xiij 8 iiij d 

Robert a Wood xix 11 ... ... 1 s viij d 

Edward Harres ix 11 ... ... xxiv 8 

Will. Hallyng ix 11 xxiv 8 

Sma vij li ... ... xiiij 8 viij d 

III. 

Subsidy Roll, 26 Elizabeth (1584), 

RichardWood lij 8 

Edward Harres ... ... ... ... xj 8 iiij d 

Margery Hawlynge ... ... ... xj 8 

Johan Berry ... ... ... ... viij s 

Robert Winston ... ... ... ... v 8 

John Loarde ... ... ... ... v 8 vj d 

Agnes Niblett iiij 8 

Robert Woman ... ... ... ... v 8 vj d 

William Blisse v 8 

George Morgan iiij 8 

Simon Organ ... ... ... ... ij s vj d 

Robert Pain ix 8 



94 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1076. THE BERKELEY MITRE. The Rev. John Woodward, 
of Moutrose, has written upon this subject in Notes and Queries 
(6 th S. x. 55), July 19, 1884, as follows : In his interesting paper 
on the Fitzhardings (6 th S. ii. 10), Mr. Ellis suggests that the mitre 
may have been assumed as a crest by the Berkeleys to indicate 
some family connexion with Maurice, bishop of London and 
chancellor of England. I am inclined to attribute it rather to 
their connexion with the great abbey of St. Augustine at Bristol, 
of which they were the founders, benefactors, and protectors. 
However unusual the mitre may be as a crest in England, those 
who are familiar with the heraldry of Germany will remember that 
there the mitre is thus used by not a few great families, princes, 
and counts of the empire, etc. Without attempting to give 
here an exhaustive list, I may mention the following : the 
Princes of Furstenberg, the Counts of Graveneck, Montfort, Sultz, 
Tubingen, Werdenberg, Feldkirch, and Asperg ; the Barons 
of Honburg, Regensperg, Roteln, Stauffen, and Biirglen ; the 
families of Diine, Ruckenstein, Frawenberg, Konigstein, etc. 
Now, it will be found, certainly in most of these cases, perhaps 
in all, that the mitre has been assumed to indicate a connexion 
with bishoprics and abbeys, or with episcopal or abbatial lands. 
This connexion was of more kinds than one. Sometimes it seems 
to have denoted the possession of a temporal lordship held 
under the abbey or see ; but more frequently it will be found that 
the temporal lord was the avoue or advocatus of the religious insti- 
tution, its protector, and often, like the vidames in France, the 
leader of its vassals in time of war. Many early instances of the 
use of a mitre crest will be found in the celebrated Wappenrolle 
von Zurich, a MS. of the fourteenth century, published in 
facsimile by the Antiquarischen Gesellschaft in Zurich in 
1860. There, as the helms and crests are drawn in profile, 
the mitre may not be at once recognized by the casual 
observer, who does not already know what is intended, but there it 
is, nevertheless. The following are examples : Taf. ii., Buchegg ; 
Taf. v., Chienstein ; Taf. vi., Tetnang, Kur, Kilchberg, Walse, 
Belmont, Gutingen; Taf. vii., Regensperg, Biirglen; Taf. viii., 
Blumenberg; Taf. xvi., Tor; Taf. xvii., Egbret. The Berkeley 
mitre is now charged with the arms of the family. This does not 
appear to have been the case originally. In my paper on " The 
Heraldry of Bristol Cathedral" (printed in the Herald and 
Genealogist, vol. iv., and also published separately), will be found 
an engraving of the Berkeley arms as they appear carved on the 
west poppy-head of the north row of stalls. There the mitre is 
uncharged. In many of the instances which I have given above 
the mitre is plain ; but in others (e.g., Sultz, Bochingen, Wyl, 
Wider von Pfeffingen, Buchegg, Belmont, Gutingen, Regensperg, 
and Egbret) the mitre is charged with the family arms, just as in 
the present use of the Berkeley and Fitzhardinge families. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 95 

Mr. James Herbert Cooke, of Berkeley, sent the following reply 
to Mr. Woodward, p. 133 of same volume: The best authority 
on the armorial bearing of the Berkeleys is Smyth, who, in his 
Lives of the Berkeley s, which has just been printed for the members 
of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, gives 
descriptions of the seals of arms used by all the lords of Berkeley 
down to his own time, A.D. 1613, with drawings of most of them. 
The series is well worth studying, as it shows how armorial bearings 
were at first gradually assumed, and how crests, supporters, and 
mottoes were adopted and varied in successive generations of the 
same family. It also illustrates the use of armorial seals. Your 
correspondents appear to refer to the Fitzhardings and Berkeleys as 
if they were two distinct families. No family has, however, used 
the former as a distinctive name. Robert Fitzharding's son and 
successor Maurice was at first styled Maurice Fitz-Robert, but after 
the completion of Berkeley Castle and his taking up his residence 
there, he was called Maurice de Berkeley, which name has ever 
since been that of his descendants. Perhaps, however, it is intended 
to distinguish between the descendants of Robert Fitzharding and 
the older family of the Berkeleys of Dursley, Coberley, and 
Kingswood, which became extinct in 1382. The arms of the 
latter were Arg., a fess between three martlets sa. The mitre was 
first used as a crest by the Berkeleys of Berkeley Castle about the 
middle of the fourteenth century, but was not at first charged with 
the family arms. It was most probably adopted to indicate the 
devotion to Holy Church for which the Berkeleys in the middle 
ages were remarkable, as is shown by the long list of their bene- 
factions to, and endowments of, religious and monastic foundations. 

M. C. B. 

1077. THE ORGAN IN WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE CHURCH. The 
fine old organ in this parish church has, through the energy of the 
vicar and churchwardens, been thoroughly renovated and restored. 
For years past the instrument was in such a dilapidated condition 
that it had become almost useless. It was built by Christopher 
Schnider, in 1726, by order of King George I., to be presented to 
the parish of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, the reason that induced 
this act of munificence being that the parishioners had chosen the 
king as he lived in the parish to be their churchwarden, and he 
had accepted the office ; but in order to be relieved of it, he presented 
the church with the noble instrument, the builder receiving 1500 
guineas for his work. Schnider was the son-in-law of "Father 
Smith" (Schmidt), whose name is familiar to all lovers of organ music. 
The organ, when erected in the church of St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, 
was publicly opened by Handel, who afterwards played the 
voluntaries on Sundays. It was purchased for Wotton by Dr. 
Tattersall, the vicar, in 1800. It was feared in making the 
alterations in the instrument that the rich tones of the old pipes 



96 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



would be sacrificed; and it was considered advisable to extend 
the compass in both the swell and manuals of each organ, and also 
to introduce some of the modern stops and extend the pedal organ 
to the modern compass. The instrument has been lately re-erected 
in the east end of the south aisle ; and the necessary alterations 
for adapting it to its new position have been judiciously carried 
out. The choir organ front that formed a screen to the organist 
has been removed to the north side of the instrument, and forms a 
second front, over the organist's head, while the original front stands 
facing the congregation. The carved oak case has been retained, 
and much time has been spent in careful repairs, while the front 
pipes, all of which are speaking ones, have been tastefully decorated, 
so that the whole forms a striking feature in the church. The old 
pipes have been carefully repaired, and everything has been done 
to retain the qualities of tone for which they have been so much 
admired. In one or two instances a fresh pipe had to be introduced, 
but the greatest pains have been displayed by the contractors in 
matching the tones, so that the difference can scarcely be detected 
even by the quickest ear. In addition the re-constructed instrument 
has several new and pleasing stops. The work has been carried 
out by the firm of Henry Jones and Sons, of Fulham-road, South 
Kensington, and has been carefully tested by some of the leading 
organists in London. There is probably no other church organ in 
the country that has excited so much interest as this one, organists 
and builders from all parts of the kingdom having journeyed to 
Wotton to see it. On the panel in front is the original inscription : 
" The gift of his most Sacred Majesty King George. 1726." 

1078. THE CHURCH OF ST. PHILIP AND ST. JAMES, LECK- 
HAMPTON, CHELTENHAM. The present church, which was conse- 
crated on Thursday, April 13, 1882, takes the place of one erected 
about forty years ago.* 4 It is upon the same site, and the various 
works were carried out without interfering with the regular worship 
of the congregation. The chancel and chancel aisles were completed 
about eighteen months before the rest of the building, and were 
used for worship in conjunction with a temporary iron nave while 
the new nave was being erected over it. The whole of the buildings 
have ^ been designed by, and carried out under the immediate 
superintendence of, Messrs. Middleton and Son, architects, of 
Westminster and Cheltenham. The style is Early English ; and 
the material used is Cleeve Hill stone, with Bath stone dressings, 
the interior walls and arches being lined with Bath stone, relieved 
with Blue Forest and red Mansfield stone. The plan comprises 
chancel, chancel aisles (north and south), nave, and nave aisles 
(north and south), with porch ; also a massive tower at the south- 
west angle, intended, with spire, to be 180 feet high. The chancel is 
long by 23 feet wide, and the nave is 86 feet long by 29 feet 



given 



in the former Aiding, has been 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 97 

wide ; making the total width, including the aisles, 59 feet. The 
chancel is approached from the nave through a lofty arch, with rich 
and bold mouldings, supported by marble shafts on each side. Similar 
shafts, with moulded caps and richly-carved corbels, support the 
roof-timbers of the chancel. There is a fine five-light window at 
the east end, and on the north and south sides of the chancel the 
windows contain stained glass, the one in memory of General 
Shuldham, being the gift of Mrs. Shuldham, and the other the gift 
of Miss Allen. The window in the west end is the gift of Mr. 
Evans, and that in the north aisle of Miss Grey. The roof of the 
chancel is formed of wood groining, and spaces are left round the 
arches and on the side walls for mosaic. The chancel aisles are 
separated from the chancel by richly-moulded arches. In the north 
aisle the organ is placed, and behind are the vestries. The nave 
presents an imposing effect from, its great height. The arches 
between the nave and aisles are supported on Mansfield stone 
pillars, with moulded caps and bases. The wall space between the 
arches and clerestory windows is broken by a moulded string of 
Mansfield stone, the whole producing a very good effect. Shafts 
resting on moulded corbels support the roof, which is boarded and 
formed into panels. This, with the chancel and aisle roofs, is 
intended to be decorated with colour at some future time. The 
west end is lighted by a circular window and two two-light 
windows below it. Under these is a rich doorway. Between the 
windows outside is a canopy containing a statue of St. Philip. 
The aisles are lighted by two-light windows, and above the nave 
arches are the clerestory windows, richly moulded, large, and of 
beautiful design, giving to the whole church an appearance of space 
and lightness. The roofs are high-pitched, and are covered with 
Broseley tiles. Considerable attention has been paid to the 
ventilation, the air being extracted at the roof and fresh air 
admitted by pipes at the sides. The aisles are laid with tiles, in 
which are gratings for the admission of heat from the hot-water 
pipes. The floors for the seats are laid solid on concrete, in 
" herring-bone " pattern, with blocks of wood about 8 by 2 J inches. 
The church will accommodate 860 persons, and the cost has been 
about 9,000 * CHELTONIENSIS. 

1079. GLOUCESTERSHIRE PARISH REGISTERS, 1538-1812. 
( 'Continued from vol. i. p. 187.) 

The information given below is derived from the Parish Register 
Abstract, which was " ordered, by the House of Commons, to be 
printed, 2 April, 1833"; but for more convenient reference, the 
parishes have been re-arranged alphabetically, and not left under 

* With deep regret we record the death of Mr. John Middleton, which took place, after a 
brief illness, at Adpar House, Newcastle Emlyn, South Wales (where he was professionally 
engaged), February 13, 1885. He had resided in Cheltenham for about twenty-five years, and 
was associated with much of the best work of a period of unusual architectural activity ; 
and we hope to be able very soon to insert some details. ED. 

VOL. III. G 



98 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the respective hundreds in which they are located. This will be 
found no slight improvement. The returns which were made, let 
it be remembered, do not refer to a later date than 1812, in which 
year, by Act 52 Geo. III. c. 146 (known as George Rose's Act), the 
whole system of parish registers was altered. It is not main- 
tained that the figures therein are in every instance strictly correct ; 
but nevertheless, the list is a very useful one, and the best we have ; 
and with a view to improve it, corrections and additions, which 
will be turned to good account, are hereby invited. A few changes 
have probably taken place since 1833, by the recovery or the loss 
of some of the old registers. Those of our readers who have the 
charge of registers, will be induced, we hope, not only to notify 
(for insertion at another time) any errors or omissions they may 
happen to detect, but also to furnish particulars, on the same plan, 
of registers of more recent date. " Parish Register Books earlier 
than the new Registers commencing with A.D. 1813 [according to 
52 Geo. III., c. 146] remain at the following places :" 

Abeiihall R. Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1596-1760, 1762-1812; Marr., 

1596-1753. Nos. vi. vii., Marr., 1754-1789, 1791-1812. 
Acton-Turville P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1665-1729, 

1732-1812. 

Adlestrop P.<7. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1538-1812. 
Alderley P. No. i., Bap., 1647-1664, 1672-1737, 1748-1749, 

1752; Bur., 1647-1736; Marr., 1647-1654, 1658-1662, 1665- 

1736. No. ii. ; Bap., 1752-1812; Bur., 1765-1812; Marr., 1752. 

Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1753-1796, 1798-1812. 
Alderton R. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1596-1812 ; Marr., 1596-1753. 

No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Aldsworth P.a Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1683-1812; Marr., 1683- 

1702, 1714-1745. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Almondsbury F. No. i, 1696-1717. Nos. ii. iii., 1718-1790. 

No. iv., Bap., Bur., 1791-1812. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Alveston F. 1742-1812, very irregular until 1767. 
Alvington P.C. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1688-1800; Marr., 1688- 

1756. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1801-1812; Marr., 1757-1811. 
Ampney-Cruds F No. i. (partly illegible), Bap., Bur., Marr., 

1566-1680. No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1681-1703. No. iii 

(imperfect), Bap., Bur., Marr., 1704-1752. No. iv., Bap., Bur., 

Marr., 1753-1812. 
Ampney-Down F Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1603-1812; Marr., 1603- 

1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Ampney-St. Mary P.O. No. i, Bap., 1602-1768; Bur., 1605- 

1768; Marr., 1602-1733, interrupted by No. ii., Bap., Bur., 

1764-1812; Marr., 1754-1807. 
Ampney-St Peter P.a.-No. i. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1620-1732 (very 

$; No ' il Ba P'> Eur -> 1743-1812. No. iii., Marr., 
181 2, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 99 

Arlingham V. Nos. i-iii., Bap., 1539-1687; Bur., 1540-1684; 

Marr., 1566-1687 (very irregular and imperfect). Nos. iv. v., 

Bap., Bur., 1688-1812 ; Marr., 1688-1753, interrupted by No. vi., 

Bap., Bur., 1787-1812. No. vii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Ashchurch P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1703-1812; Marr., 1703- 

1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Ashelworth V.NoB. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1566-1812. 
Ashton, Cold, .R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1734-1790 (imperfect). No. 

ii., Bap., Bur., 1791-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Ashton-under-Hill P.O. No. i., Bap., 1596-1727; Bur., 1586- 

1727 ; Marr., 1586-1726. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1727-1812 ; Marr., 

1727-1777. No. iii., Marr., 1779-1812. 
Aston Blank F. No. i., Bap., 1727-1812. No. ii., Bur., 1724- 

1812. No. iii., Marr., 1728-1811. The early registers are lost. 
Aston-Somerville R. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1668-1812, inter- 
rupted by No. ii., Banns, 1757-1812 ; Marr., 1759-1812. 
Aston-sul-Edge R No. i., Bap., 1719-1764; Bur., 1720-1764; 

Marr., 1720-1767. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1765-1812. No. iii., 

Marr., 1768-1812. 

Aust O. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1709-1812. No. ii., Marr., 1757-1812. 
Avening . Nos. i-iii., 1557-1571, 1576-1812. Nos. iv.-vii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
Awre V. (with Blakeney O.) No. i., Bap., Bur., 1538-1812 ; Marr., 

1538-1753. Nos. ii. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Badgworth F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1559-1579, 1586-1723, 1746- 

1752, 1755-1789; Marr., 1559-1579, 1586-1723, 1746-1752. 
No. iii., Marr., 1755-1812. 

Badminton, Great, V. (with Little Badminton O.) No. i., Bap., 
Bur., Marr., 1538-1713, interrupted by Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 
1700-1812; Marr., 1700-1 767. No. iv., Banns Marr., 1768-1812. 

Bagendon R. No. i. (much decayed), Bap., Bur., Marr., 1630- 
1739. No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1743-1812, interrupted by 
No. iii., Marr., 1758-1808. 

Barnsley R. Nos. i-iii., Bap., Bur., 1754-1812; Man., 1574- 

1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Barnwood V. One book (which appears to have been several 

distinct books bound together), Bap., 1651-1812, deficient 1732- 

1733, 1741-1742; Bur., 1670-1812; Marr., 1652-1812, deficient 

1699-1707. 
Barrington, Great, F. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1547-1812; Marr., 

1547-1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Barrmgton, Little, F No. i., Bap., 1764-1812; Bur., 1761-1812. 

No. ii. (loose leaves), Marr., 1806-1810. No other registers can 

be found. 

Batsford R.Nos. i ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1562-1812. 
Baunton F No. i, Bap., Bur., Marr., 1625-1754. No, ii., Bap., 

Bur., 1754-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1755-1809. No Marr. after 

that date. 



100 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Bedford F-Nos. i. ii., Bap, Bur, 1549-1812; Marr, 1549-1766. 

No iii Marr, 1768-1812. 
BMey F-Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1676-1756; Marr 1676-1753. 

NOB.; iii. iv. Bap, Bur, 1757-1810. Nos. y vi Marr, 1754- 

1790 (these books are at the House of Lords). No. vii. Bap, 

Bur, 1810-1812. No. viii, Marr, 1801-1812. 
Reversion R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1565-1784 ; Marr, 1563-1753. 

Nos. iii.-vi. Bap, Bur, 1785-1812; Marr, 1754-1812. 
Bibury F Bap, Bur, Marr, 1551-1812. 

Bicknor. English, . No. i. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1561-1744 (im- 
perfect). Nos. ii. iii. Bap, Bur, 1751-1812 ; Marr, 1751-1753. 

Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Bishop's Cleeve .R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, Marr, intermixed, 1563- 

1812. 
Bisley F. No. i. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1547-1627, 1633-1700. Nos. 

ii.-iv. Bap, Bur, 1701-1812; Marr, 1701-1753. Nos. v. vi, 

Marr, 1754-1812. 
Bitton F Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1572-1674, 1678-1728, 

interrupted by No. iii. Bap, Bur, 1721-1778 ; Marr, 1721-1753. 

No. iv. Bap, Bur, 1779-1812. No. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 

Also registers for Oldland and Hanham : Nos. i.-iv. Bap, Bur, 

Marr, 1586-1812. 
Blaisdon R.Nos. i.-iii. Bap, 1635-1764, 1772-1812; Bur, 1635- 

1765, 1772-1812; Marr, 1635-1754. Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1768- 

1812. 
Bledington F Nos. i. ii. Bap, 1708-1753, 1760-1812; Bur, 

1700-1812. No. iii. Banns Marr, 1761-1812. 
Boddington F Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1656-1783; Marr, 1656- 

1753. No. iii. Bap, Bur, 1784-1812. Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1754- 

1812. 
Bourton-on-the-Hill R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1568-1812; Marr, 

1568-1753. No. iii, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Bourton-on-the-Water (with Clapton) R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 

1654-1812; Marr, 1654-1753. Nos. iii. iv, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Boxwell (with Leightertori) R.No$. i-iii. Bap, Bur, 1548-1812; 

Marr, 1590-1753. No. iv, Marr, 1754-1810. 
SI. Briavel's P.O. Nos. i.-iii. Bap, Bur, 1665-1812; Marr, 

1665-1753. No. iv, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Brimpsfield R Nos. i.-iii, promiscuous entries, 1588, 1590-1678, 

1684-1709 ; these books are much dilapidated, and scarcely 

legible. Nos. iv.-vi, 1710-1812. 

BRISTOL CITY. 

All Saints F Nos. i.-iii., Bap, 1653-1812; Bur, 1650-1812; 

Marr, 1653-1812. 
St. Augustine F No. i,Bap, Bur, Marr, 1577-1666, interrupted 

by No. ii. Bap. Bur, Marr., 1653-1684. Nos. iii. -vii. Bap, 

Bur, 1685-1812; Marr, 1685-1785. Nos. viii. ix, Marr., 1786- 

1812. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 101 

Cathedral Church. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1669-1679, 1681- 
1696, 1711-1753, interrupted by No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1750- 
1812. 

Christ Church (with St. Ewin's) R. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 
1538-1720, interrupted by Nos. ii. iii., Bap., 1660-1764,1761- 
1769; Bur., 1660-1664, 1678-1679, 1761-1769; Marr., 1661- 
1754. No. iv., Bap., Bur., 1721-1812; Marr., 1721-1753. Nos. 
v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. For St. Ewiris: Nos. vii. viii., Bap., 
1538-1791 ; Bur., 1538-1775; Marr., 1539-1790, interrupted by 
No. ix., Marr., 1757-1793; also No. x. (kept by the parish 
clerk), Bap., Bur., Marr., 1738-1792. 

Clifton P.C.No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1538-1680. No. ii., Bap., 
Bur., Marr., 1722-1812.* 

St. George V. NOB. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1759-1812. Nos. iii. iv., 
Marr., 1756-1812. 

Si. James P.C.Nos. i.-vi., Bap., Bur., 1559-1769 ; Marr., 1559- 
1757. Nos. vii. viii., Bap., Bur., 1770-1812. Nos. ix.-xv., 
Marr., 1758-1812. 

St. John-the-Baptist .R. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1558, 1567-1812. 

St. Mary-le-Port R. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., 1560-1690, interrupted by 
1678-1812; Bur., 1560-1812; Marr., 1560-1648, 1653-1753. 
Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 

St. Mary-Reddi/e P.C. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1559-1655, 
transcribed to No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1559-1678. Nos. iii. 
iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1679-1720, interrupted by Nos. v.-vii., 
Bap., Bur., 1716-1773; Marr., 1716-1753; also by Nos. viii.-x., 
Bap., Bur., 1757-1812. Nos. xi.-xiii., Marr., 1754-1812. 

St. Michael R.Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1812. 

St. Nicholas (with St. Leonard's) F. No. i., Bap., 1538-1666; 
Bur., 1536-1564; Marr., 1538-1665, interrupted by No. ii., 
Bap., Bur., 1558-1598; Marr., 1558-1601, by No. iii., Bap., 
Bur., Marr., 1586-1607, by No. iv., Bap., 1594-1621, and by 
No. v., Bur., 1594-1634; Marr., 1594-1646. No. vi., Bap., 
1621-1653, with entries 1683-1688. No. vii., Bur., 1634-1653. 
No. viii., Bap., 1653-1682; Bur., 1653-1686; Marr., 1653-1688. 
No. ix., Bap., 1683-1721 ; Bur., Marr., 1686-1721. Nos. x.-xii., 
Bap., Bur., Marr., 1722-1812. For St. Leonard's: Nos. xiii. 
adv., Bap., 1689-1768; Bur., 1690-1768; Marr., 1699-1768, in 
which year this parish was united to St. Nicholas'. 

St. Paul P.C. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1795-1812; Bur., Marr., 1794- 
1812. 

St. Peter R.Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1812. 

St. Philip (with St. Jacob) F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1576- 
1644. Nos. iii. -vii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1811, interrupted 
by No. viii., 1807-1812, by No. ix., Bur., 1763-1812, and by 
Nos. x.-xii., Marr., 1754-1812. 

* For mention of the recovery of the earlier of these registers, see ante, vol. ii., p. 145.. 



102 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

St Stephen . No. L, Bap., 1561-1663; Bur., Marr., 1559-1663. 
No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1664-1721, defective 1701, and 
interrupted by Nos. iii.-v., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1716-1812. 

Temple V. Bap., 1559-1653, 1657-1812; Bur., 1559-1812 ; Marr., 
1558-1812. 

St. Thomas P.O. NOB. i.-iii., Bap., 1552-1759; Bur., 1553-1759; 
Marr., 1558-1753, interrupted by No. iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 
1660-1707. No. v., 1735-1762. No. vi., Bap., Bur., 1760-1812. 
Nos. vii. viii., Marr., 1754-1812. 

St. Werburgh 72. No. i., Bap., 1559-1796, 1798, 1800-1812; 
Bur., 1559-1565, 1567-1812; Marr., 1559-1581, 1584-1600, 
1602-1642, 1644-1655, 1658-1659, 1664-1680, 1682-1717, 1719- 
1753. No. ii., Marr., 1754-1759, 1761-1782, 1784, 1786, 1788- 
1792, 1794, 1798-1799, 1801-1805, 1807-1808, 1810-1812. 

" The practice of clandestine marriages in some of the Bristol 
parishes, to an amount estimated at 500 in a year, does not appear 
to have been discontinued since 1812." 

Broadwell R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1697-1812; Marr., 1697-1754. 

No. ii., Marr., 1755-1812. 
BrocJcworth F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1559-1812; Marr., 1559- 

1781. No. iii., Marr., 1782-1812. 

Bromeslerrow .R. Nos. i. ii., 1558-1812, deficient 1651-1660. 
Brockthorp F. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1730-1812. No. ii., Marr., 

1757-1812. 
BucTdand (with Laverton) R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1539-1812; 

Marr., 1539-1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Bulky P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1673-1676, 1682-1784. No. 

ii., Bap., Bur., 1806-1812. The deficiencies are registered in the 

parish church of Churcham. 
Cam F. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1569-1707 (defective). Nos. 

ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 1708-1812; Marr., 1708-1753. Nos. iv. V M 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
Carney, North, R. Bap., 1568-1633, 1654-1668, 1671-1812; Bur., 

1574-1579, 1604-1631, 1668-1812; Marr., 1620-1633, 1654- 

1668, 1674-1681, 1686-1693, 1695-1812. 
Cerney, South, F No. i., Bap., 1583-1638, 16434728; Bur., 

Marr., 1583-1728. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1731-1812. No. iii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. No other registers can be found. 
Charfield, R. One book, 1587-1812. 
Charlton Abbotts F One book, 1727-1812. 
Charlton Kings P.(7. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1538-1700, 

interrupted by No. iii., Bap., 1683-1691, 1695-1697, 1701-1754; 

Bur., 1695-1697, 1701-1754; Marr., 1701-1753. Nos. iv.-vi. 

Wi Marr>> 1786 - 1799 - N - vii - ' 

For further particulars of these registers see ante, vol. i., p. 31. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 103 

Chedworth V. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1653-1812 ; Marr., 1653- 

1688, 1692-1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Cheltenham P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1558-1630. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., Marr., 1631-1653. Nos. iii. iv., Bap., 1676-1745 ; 

Bur., 1676-1768; Marr., 1676-1753. Nos. v.-ix., Bap., Bur., 

1745-1812. Nos. x.-xiii., Marr., 1754-1812.* 
Cherrington 72. Nos. i ii., Bap., Bur., 1568-1812; Marr., 1568- 

1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Child's-WicJcham F. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1560-1717, 1719- 

1740. Nos. ii.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1741-1812 ; Marr., 1741-1783. 

No. v., Marr., 1784-1812. 
Chipping-Campden F. Nos. i.-vii., Bap., 1616-1812; Bur., 1616- 

1716/1718-1812; Marr., 1616-1753. Nos. viii.-x., Marr., 1754- 

1812. 
Churcham F No. i., Bap., Bur., 1541-1812; Marr., 1541-1753 

(defective). Nos. ii. iii. (for Churcham and Bulley), Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Churchdown P.C. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1653-1654, 1656-1812; 

Marr., 1653-1654, 1656-1753. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
CirencesterP.C.Nos. i-iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1560-1812; Marr. 

defective in 1655 and a few subsequent years. 
Clifford-Chambers R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1538-1812; Marr., 

1538-1738, 1741-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1808. 
Coaley F Nos. i-iii , Bap., Bur., 1582-1811; Marr., 1582-1753. 

Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Coates R. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1566-1812. 
Colesborne R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1632-1794; Marr., 1632- 

1753. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1795-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1754- 

1812. 
Coln-St. Aldwyn's F No. i, Bap., Bur., 1650-1727; Marr., 

1671-1727. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1775-1790; Marr., 1771-1776. 

No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1791-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1777-1812. 
Coln-St. Dennis R. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1561-1756. No. ii, 

Bap., Bur., 1757-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1757-1812. 
Coin-Rogers JR. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1761-1812. No. ii., Marr., 

1754-1812. 

Compton-Aldale P.O. Nos. i-iii, Bap., Bur., Marr., 1720-1812. 
Compton-Greenjield R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1724-1812; Marr., 

1724-1756. No. ii, Marr., 1757-1812. 
Compton, Little, P.O. Nos. i-iii., Bap., Bur., 1588-1812 ; Marr., 

1588-1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Condicote R. Nos. i ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1806 (" so much obliter- 
ated and defaced that it is impossible to give the correct date of 

commencement"). No. iii, Bap., Bur., Marr., 1807-1812. 
Corse F Nos. i ii, Bap., Bur., 1661-1812; Marr., 1661-1727. 

No. iii, Marr., 1754-1812. 

* For further particulars see ante, vol. i., p. 22. 



104 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Cowlev No i. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1676-1768, interrupted by 

No ii Bap., Bur., 1764-1812, and No. ill, Marr., 1754-1812. 
CraLmK-Nos. L ii. Bap., Bur., 1666-1782; Mar,, 1666-1754. 

No iii., Bap., Bur., 1783 ; Marr., 1755-1796. Nos. iv. v., Bap., 

Bur., 1784-1812. No. VL, Marr., 1798-1811. 
Cromliall fl. Nos. i-iii., Bap., Bur, 1653-1812 ; Marr., 1653- 

1753. No. iv., Marr, 1754-1812. 
Cubberley, or Coberley, #. Nos. L-iiL, Bap, Bur, Marr, 1546- 

1 81 9 
Daqlingwortli R. Nos. i.-iv. Bap, Bur., 1561-1672, 1676-1812; 

Marr, 1561-1672, 1676-1753. No. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Deerhurst P.O. Nos. i.-v. Bap, 1559-1661, interrupted by 1653- 

1776; Bur, 1559-1650, 1653-1776; Marr, 1559-1635, 1653- 

1755, 1760-1761. No. vi. Bap, Bur, 1777-1812. No. vii, 
Marr, 1778-1812. 

Didlrook (with Pinnock] F No. i, 1558-1704 (defective). Nos. 

ii. iii, 1705-1812. No. iv. Banns Marr, 1765-1812. 
Didmarton R.No. i, 1725-1782, interrupted by Nos. ii. iii, 

1754-1812. 
Dodington R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1575-1812 ; Marr, 1575- 

1756. No. iii, Marr, 1757-1812. 

Dorsington R. Bap, 1593-1641, 1660-1812; Bur, 1593-1812; 

Marr, 1593-1812. 
DowdeswellIl.--NoB.L-m., Bap, Bur, 1575-1812; Marr, 1575- 

1726. No. iv, Marr, 1760-1812. 
Doynton, or Deynton, R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1566-1753. 

No. iii. Bap, Bur, 1754-1812. No. iv, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Driffield F. Nos. i.ii. Bap, 1561-1810 ; Bur, 1561-1801 ; Marr, 

1561-1753. No. iii, Marr, 1754-1812. No other registers 

can be found. 
DumUeton R. No. i. Bap, Bur, 1738-1809; Marr, 1738-1748. 

No. ii. Bap, Bur, 1810-1812. No. iii, Marr, 1755-1812. 
Du?itesbourne-Abbots R.No. i. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1683-1713. 

No. ii. Bap, Bur, 1716-1779; Marr, 1716-1753. No. iii. 

Bap, Bur, 1780-1812. No. iv, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Duntesbourne-Rous R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1545-1812 ; Marr, 

1545-1753. No. iii, Marr, 1754-1807. 
Dursley R. Nos. i.-iv. Bap, Bur, 1639-1812; Marr, 1639-1799. 

No. v, Marr, 1800-1812. 
Dymock F Nos. i-iii., Bap, Bur, 1538-1555, 1557-1812; Marr, 

1538-1555, 1557-1753. Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Dyrham and Hinton R. Nos. i.-iii. Bap, Bur, 1568-1812; 

Marr, 1568-1753. Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Eastington R Nos. i.-v, 1558-1812. 

Eastington C. Bap, Bur, Marr, entered in Northleach registers. 
Eastleach-Martin #._ One book, 1538-1812. 
Eastleach-TurmlleP.C.^., Bur, 1779-1812 ; Marr, 1760-1812. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 105 

Ebrington V. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1653-1812; Man., 1653- 

1753. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Edgeworth 72. Nos. i.-v., Bap., 1640-1735, 1750-1812; Bur., 

1557-1743, 1775-1812; Marr., 1554-1745. No. vi., Marr., 

1754-1812. All these registers are defective. 

Elberton V. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1762 (defective), 1763-1812. 
Elkstone RNos. i.-iii., 1686-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Elmore P.O. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., 1560-1761, 1769-1812 ; Bur., 

1560-1761, interrupted by 1678-1812 ; Marr., 1560-1753. No. 

v., Marr., 1754-1812.* 
Elmstone Hardwick V. See Uckington. 
Fairford V. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1617-1678. Nos. ii. iii., 

Bap., Bur., 1679-1812; Marr., 1679-1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 

1754-1812. 

Farmcote C. Included in the registers of Lower Gutting. 
Farminfjton R. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1613-1812. 
Filton 'RNO. i., Bap., Bur., 1654-1812; Marr., 1654-1756. 

No. ii., Marr., 1757-1812. 
Flaxley P.O. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1648-1685, 1688-1812; 

Marr., 1648-1685, 1688-1762. No. v., Marr., 1763-1812. 
Forthampton P.O. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1678-1812; Marr., 

1678-1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Frampton-Cotterell RNo. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1561-1639, 1653- 

1668. Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1669-1749. No. iv., 

Bap., Bur., 1759-1812. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. The 

registers for the deficient periods are lost. 
Frampton-on-Severn V. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1625-1812; Marr., 

1625-1753. Nos. iv.-vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Fretherne RNo. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1631-1724, interrupted 

by No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1720-1795; Marr., 1720-1750. No. iii., 

Bap., Bur., 1796-1812. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1804, 1806-1811. 
Frocester V. Bap., 1559-1665, 1682-1812; Bur., 1570-1664, 

1682-1812; Marr., 1559-1665, 1682-1812. 

GLOUCESTER CITY. 

St. Aldate P.C.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1756-1812. Nos. iii. iv., 

Marr., 1756-1812. 
Cathedral Church, No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1661-1717. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., Marr., 1717-1812. 
St. Catherine P.O. Bap., 1687-1807, 1809-1812; Bur., Marr., 

1687-1812 (imperfect). Many deficiencies may be supplied by 

the registers of neighbouring parishes. 
St. John-the-Baptist R~Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1558-1642, 

1648-1698, interrupted by No. iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1699. 

Nos. iv. v., Bap., Bur., 1700-1812; Marr., 1700-1753. Nos. 

vi. vii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
St. Mary-de-Crypt R.No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1653-1690 

(defective). Nos. ii.-v., Bap., 1694-1812; Bur., 1695-1812; 

* See ante, vol. ii., p. 160. 
VOL. III. H 



106 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Marr., 1697-1753. Nos. vi. vii., Marr., 1754-1812. The parish 
of 8i Olave not having a church, the registry is included with 
that of St. Mary-de-Crypt. 

St Maru-de-Lode V. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., 1675-1693, 1695-1712, 
1715-1812; Bur., 1675-1693, 1695-1712, 1716-1812; Marr., 
1675-1693, 1695-1711, 1716-1753. Nos. iv.-vi., Marr., 1754- 
1812. For Holy Trinity: No. vii., Bap., 1557-1765; Bur., 
1557-1649; Marr., 1558-1649, 1690-1722 (irregularly scattered 
throughout the book). 

St. Margaret and St. Mary Magdalen Hospital G. One imperfect 
register, 1790-1812. 

St. Michael and St. Mari/-de-Grace R. Nos. i.-iv.. Bap., Bur., 
1563-1812; Marr., 1563-1753. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 

St. Nicholas P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1558-1760 ; Marr., 1558- 
1753. Nos. iii. iv., Bap., Bur., 1761-1812. Nos. v.-vii., Marr., 
1754-1812. 

Holy Trinity P.O. See No. vii. St. Mary-de-Lode. 

Gutting, Lower, V. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1560-1756; Marr., 1560- 

1753 (imperfect). No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1757-1812. No. iii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
Guiting, Temple, P.C.No. i., Bap., Bur., 1647-1774 ; Marr., 1647- 

1753 (imperfect at the commencement). No. ii., Bap., Bur., 

1775-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Hails P.O. Included in the registers of Didlrook. 
Hampnett and Stowell R. Nos. i-iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1590-1812.* 
Hardwicke P.<7. Nos. i.-iv., 1566-1790. No. v., 1791-1812. 
Harescombe #. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1741-1780; Marr., 1741-1755. 

No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1781-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1756-1812. 
Earesfield V. Bap., 1558-1812; Bur., 1560-1626, 1669-1734, 

1738-1812; Marr., 1566-1619, 1684-1812. 
Harnhill . Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1730-1811 ; Marr., 1730-1753. 

No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Hartpury V. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1571-1812; Marr., 1571- 

1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Haselton .#. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1597-1804; Marr., 1597-1749, 

1750-1752. No. iii., Bap., 1805-1811 ; Bur., 1805-1812. No. 

iv., Marr., 1755-1811. 
Hasfield R. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., 1559-1812; Bur., 1559-1631, 1652- 

1812; Marr., 1559-1753. No. v., Banns Marr., 1754-1812. 
Hatherley Down V. No. i., Bap., 1563-1698; Bur., 1563-1674; 

Man., 1563-1696. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1695-1760; Marr., 1695- 

1753. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1761-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1754- 

1812. No church at Up-Hatherley. 
Hatherop #. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1670-1812; Bur., 1679-1727, 1729- 

1812 ; Marr., 1680-1728 (several leaves cut out). No. iii., Marr., 

* For further particulars see ante, vol. i., p. 240. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 107 

Hawltesbury V. (with Tresham C.) Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1603- 

1812; Marr., 1603-1797. No. v., Marr., 1798-1812. 
Hawling R.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1677-1812; Marr., 1677-1753. 

Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Hempsted R.Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1558-1797; Marr., 1558- 

1755. No. iv., Bap., Bur., 1797-1812. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1756- 

1812. 
Henbury V. Nos. i.-viii., Bap., 1538-1812 ; Bur., 1538-1668, 1678- 

1812; Marr., 1538-1753. No. ix., Marr., 1754-1812. 
BewdsfieldP.C.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1664-1812; Marr., 1664- 

1753. No. iii., Marr., 1751-1812. 
Hill, or Hall, P.O.Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1653-1812; Marr., 

1653-1764. No. iv., Banns Marr., 1765-1812. 
Hinton-on-the-Green R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1735-1812. Nos. iii. iv., 

Bur., 1735-1812. No. v., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Horfield P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1543-1729 ; Marr., 1543-1685, 

interrupted by ]S~os. ii. iii., Bap.', Bur., 1712-1812; Marr., 1686- 

1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812, interrupted by No. v., Marr., 

1789-1812. 
Horsley V. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1587-1717 (imperfect). 

Nos. iii. iv., Bap., Bur., 1718-1812; Marr., 1718-1753. Nos. v. 

vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Horton R.Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1567-1812. 
Hunthy R.No. i., Bap., Bur., 1660-1669, 1679-1775; Marr., 

1660-1669, 1679-1753. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1776-1812. Nos. 

iii. iv., Banns Marr., 1754-1812. 
Iron-Acton R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1570-1699; Marr., 1570-1688, 

1697-1699. Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 1700-1812; Marr., 1700- 

1771. No. iv., Marr., 1778-1812. 
Kemerton R.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1572-1781 ; Marr., 1572-1756. 

No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1782-1812. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1757-1812. 
Kemphy V. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1670-1812. 
Kempsford V. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1686-1812. 
Kingscote P.O.Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1651-1812. 
Lassington R.No. i., Bap., Bur., 1661-1812; Marr., 1661-1747. 

Nos. ii. iii., Marr., 1754-1812.* 
Lea P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1706-1812; Marr., 1706-1755. No. 

ii., Marr., 1756-1812. 
Lecklade V. No. i., Bap., 1686-1709; Bur., 1686-1706 (several 

leaves torn out). No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1737-1770; Marr., 1738- 

1752. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1771-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1754- 

1812.t 
Leckhampton R.No. i., Bap., 1709-1790; Bur., 1682-1776; 

Marr., 1719-1753. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1791-1812. No. iii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
Leigh V. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1569-1812; Marr., 1569-1753. 

No. iv., Marr., 1754-1807. No. v., Marr., 1809-1812. 

* See ante, vol. ii., p. 160. t See ante, vol. ii., p. 161. 



108 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Lemington P.O. No. i, 1685-1754. Nos. ii.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1755- 

1812. No. v., Marr., 1757-1810. 
LtttledeanP.C.No. i. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1684-1714. Nos. ii. 

iii., Bap., Bur., 1715-1811; Marr., 1715-1754. No. iv., Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Littleton-onrSewrn /?. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1701-1812 ; Marr., 1701- 

1754. No. ii., Marr., 1755-1812. 

Littleton, West, G. Entered at Tormanton until 1813. 
Longboroufjh* (with Sezincote) V. Nos. i.-iv. Bap, 1676-1812; 

Bur., 1677-1812; Marr., 1680-1753. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Longhope V. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1742-1762; Marr., 1742-1753. 

No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1763-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Longney F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1660-1812; Marr., 1661-1745, 

1747-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Lydney V. (with Aylburton C.) Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1678-1812; 

Marr., 1648-1753. Nos. iii.-v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Maisemore P.C.No. i., Bap., Bur., 1600-1691, interrupted by 

Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1676-1812 ; also by Nos. iv. v., 

Banns, 1754-1797 ; Marr., 1798-1812. 
Mangotsfield P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1591-1811 ; Bur., 1591-1812; 

Marr., 1591-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1811. The church 

being under repair in 1812, Bap. and Marr. were in that year at 

Winte-rbourne. 
Marshfield F. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1562-1607. No. ii., Bap., 

Bur., Marr., 1645-1685. Nos. iii.-v., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1694- 

1812. 
Marston Sicca R. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., 1708-1811 ; Bur., 1680-1812; 

Marr., 1680-1750. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Matson V. or R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1553-1812. No. ii., Marr., 

1757-1812. No account of Marr. prior to 1757 can be obtained. 
Meysey-Hampton R. No. i. (including Marston), 1570-1720. No. 

ii, 1721-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
MicJdeton F No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1534-1719, interrupted by 

No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1568-1653 ; also by Nos. iii. iv., Bap., Bur., 

Marr., 1590-1720, and by No. v., Bap., Bur., 1718-1792 ; Marr., 

1721-1753. No. vi., Bap., Bur., 1793-1812. Nos. vii. viii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
Minchinhampton R. Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1558-1718, 1720-1812; 

Marr., 1558-1718, 1720-1753. Nos. vi.-viii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Minety F Nos. i.-vi., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1663-1812. 
Mineterworth F Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1633-1812; Marr., 1633- 

1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Miserden R. No. i. (fragment), Bap., Bur., Marr., 1695-1727. No. 

ii., Bap., Bur., 1728-1812; Marr., 1728-1782. Nos. iii. iv., 

Marr, 1783-1812. 
Mitcheldean R. Nos. i. ii., Bap, Bur., 1680-1713, 1718-1812; 

Marr, 1680-1713, 1718-1753. Nos. iii. iv., Banns Marr, 1754- 
lol 4. 

*.Not " Loughborough," as in Parish Register Abstract, p. 113. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 109 

Moreton-in-Marsh PC. Nos. i. ii. f Bap., Bur., 1643-1812 ; Marr., 

1672-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Moreton Valence P. (7. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1681-1768 (very 

imperfect). No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1769-1812. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Nailsworth 0. This chapelry is in three parishes (Avening, 

Horsley, and Minchmhampton), and has an imperfect baptismal 

register. 
Naunton R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1540-1812; Marr., 1540- 

1761 (very defective 1560-1564, 1639-1660, 1743-1766). No. iii., 

Marr., 1762-1812. 
Newent F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1673-1812; Marr., 1673-1753. 

No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Newington-Bagpath R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1686-1812 ; Marr., 

1686-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Newland V. (with Bream C. and Coleford C.) Nos. i. ii., Bap., 

Bur., 1670-1784; Marr., 1670-1753 (decayed and imperfect), 

interrupted by No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1783-1798. No. iv., Bap., 

Bur., 1799-1812. Nos. v.-viii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Newnham P.O. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1547-1812; Marr., 1547- 

1753. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
North NiUey P. a Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1567-1812; Marr., 

1567-1785. No. vi., Marr., 1786-1812. 
Northleach V. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1556-1729; Bur., 1556-1724; 

Marr., 1556-1726. Nos. iii. iv., Bap., Bur., 1737-1812 ; Marr., 

1737-1753. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Northidck C. One book, 1667-1812. 
Norton P. C. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1686-1794; Marr., 1686- 

1753. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1795-1812. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Notgrove R No. i., Bap., Bur., 1660-1664, 1668-1812; Marr., 

1660-1664, 1668-1753. No. ii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Nymphsfield R. Bap., 1684-1812 ; Bur., 1678-1812 ; Marr., 1680- 

1812. 
Oddington RNo. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1549-1705 (imperfect). 

No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1706-1812; Marr., 1706-1753. No. iii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. 
OWmry-on-the-Hill R Nos. i.-iii., 1567-1746, 1748-1781, 1783- 

1812. 
Olveston V. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., 1560-1657, 1691-1710, 1723-1812; 

Bur., 1560-1648, 1691-1710, 1723-1812; Marr., 1560-1647, 

1691-1710, 1716-1717, 1741-1812. No other registers can be 

found. 

Owlpen P. G. Marr., 1755-1812. No other register. 
Oxenhall V. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1665-1780, interrupted 

by No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1770-1812 (defective until 1780). Nos. 

iv. v., Marr., 1781-1812. 



110 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Oxenton ftHo. i. Bur., 1678-1715. No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 
1679-1737. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1783-1812. No. iv., Marr., 

Ozllworth A-Nos. i. ii. Bap., Bur., 1698-1737, 1741-1812; 

Marr 1698-1737, 1741-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Pawwick V. Bap., 1653-1754, 1764-1782, 1792-1812; Bur., 

1653-1677, 1706-1758, 1782-1812; Marr., 1653-1705, 1754-1812. 

No other registers can be found. 
PauntleyP.C.Xos. i. ii. Bap., Bur., 1538-1812; Marr., 1538- 

1780. No Marr. register 1781-1812. 
Pebworth F. Nos. i. ii. (very defective), Bap., Bur., 1595-1731 ; 

Marr., 1595-1673, 1682-1728. No. iii., Bap. Bur., 1732-1792; 

Marr., 1735-1753. No. iv., Bap., Bur., 1793-1812. Nos. v. vi., 

Marr., 1755-1812. 

Pitchcombe R Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1743-1812. 
Prestlury F. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1633-1812; Marr., 1633-1753. 

Nos. ii. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Preston F No, i., Bap., 1677-1812; Bur., 1676-1812; Marr., 

1677-1753. No. ii., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Preston #. One book, Bap., 1665-1811 ; Bur., 1690-1810; Marr., 

1691-1809. 

Preston-on-Stour F No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1540-1641, inter- 
rupted by No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1620-1794; Marr., 1620-1753. 

No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1796-1812. No. iv., Banns Marr., 1754- 

1811. 
Pucklechurch F No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1590-1629. Nos. ii.-iv., 

Bap., Bur., 1634-1812; Marr., 1634-1753. No. v., Marr., 1754- 

1812. 
Quedgek}/ P.C. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1559-1751. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., 1753-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
QueniiHjtnn #. No. i. Bap., 1653-1751 ; Bur., 1653-1738 ; Marr., 

1657-1747, 1749-1751 (mutilated, and several leaves apparently 

cut out). No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1752-1812; Marr., 1752-1765. 

No. iii., Marr., 1768-1812. 

Quinton F Nos. i.-vii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1547-1812. 
Randwck P. C. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1662-1693. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., Marr., 1725-1761. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1762-1812 ; 

Marr., 1762-1769. No. iv., Marr., 1770-1812. No register 

1693-1725 can be found. 
Rangeworthy G No. i., Bap., 1704-1723, 1734-1750; Bur., 

1704-1725, 1734-1750; Marr., 1704-1725, 1735-1750. No. ii., 

Bap., 1751-1800 ; Bur., 1752-1800 ; Marr., 1752-1753. No. iii., 

Bap., Bur., 1801-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Rendcombe R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1566-1808; Bur., 1566-1812; 

Marr., 1566-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
*****faG*, & No. i. Bap., Bur, 1538-1746 ; Marr, 1538- 

1*' X S T.4 6 : Xo< il ' Ba P" Eur -> 1747-1812 ; Marr, 1747- 
1753. Nos. iii. iv , Marr, 1754-1812. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. Ill 

Rissington, Little, 72. Nos. i. ii., 1543-1812. No. iii., Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Rissington, Wick, #. No. i., 1789-1804. No. ii., Bur., 1804- 

1812. No. iii., Marr., 1755-1812. No other registers can be 

found. 
Rockhampton .R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1565-1732, 1736-1812 ; 

Marr., 1565-1732, 1736-1751. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1756-1812. 

No other registers can be found. 
Rodborough C. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1692-1812. 
Rodmarton R. Bap., Bur., Marr., 1605-1812.* 
RuardeariP.C.Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1540-1812; Marr., 1540- 

1753. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Rudford .#. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1729-1812 (defective 1775-1784); 

Marr., 1729-1753. No. ii., Marr., 1754-1789. No. iii., Marr., 

1790-1812. 
Saintbury RNos. i. ii., Bap., 1651-1812; Bur., 1603-1811; 

Marr., 1585-1746. No. iii., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Salperton P.C. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1629-1759 (in bad 

condition, and very defective). No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1773- 

1812. 
Sandhurst P.O. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1537-1812; Marr., 1537- 

1754. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1755-1812. 

Saperton R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1662-1812. 

Saul P.O. Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1583-1687, 1690-1812. No. vi., 

Banns Marr., 1798-1812. Prior to 1798 Marr. supposed to have 

been solemnized at Standish, the mother church. 
Sevenhampton P.C.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1588-1812; Marr., 

1588-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Shenington R Bap., Bur., 1721-1812; Marr., 1726-1812. 
Sherborne V. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1572-1812; Marr., 1572- 

1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1792, 1794-1812. 
Shipton-Moym R.Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1570-1812 ; Marr., 1587- 

1753. No. iv., Banns Marr., 1754-1812. 
Shipton-Sollars and Oliffe 7?. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1653-1812; 

Marr., 1653-1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Shurdington P.O. No. i., 1561-1578, 1581-1699, 1703-1722. 

No. ii., 1790-1812 (1723-1789 entered in Badgworth books). 

No. iii., Marr., 1755-1810. 
Siddington .R. For St. Mary's: Bap., 1608-1778; Bur., 1607- 

1731, 1735-1778; Marr., 1606-1754, 1757-1778. ForM Peter's: 

Bap., 1687-1812; Bur., 1689-1812; Marr., 1688-17.30, 1750- 

1812. In 1778 the parishes were united. 
Side R Bap., Bur., Marr., 1686-1812. 
Siston R. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1576-1640 (defective). Nos. 

ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 1641-1644, 1649-1812; Marr., 1641-1644, 

1649-1751. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Slaughter, Lower, P.O. All registers anterior to 1813 are entered 

with Bourton-on-the-Hill, the mother church. 

* See ante, vol. ii., p. 161. 



112 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Slaughter, Upper (including Eyford\ R. Nos. i. ii. Bap Bur., 

1530-1812 Marr, 1530-1753. No. iii, Marr, 1754-1812.? 
Slimbridqe ^.-Nos. i. ii. Bap, 1635-1652, 1660-1685, 1701-1706; 

Bur, 1635-1652, 1660-1701, 1709-1713, 1719-1720; Marr, 

1635-1652, 1660-1685, 1708-1722. Nos. iii. iv. Bap, Bur, 

1746-1812; Marr, 1746-1753. Nos. v.-vii, Banns Marr, 1754- 

1812. 
Snowhill P.C.No. i. Bap, Bur, 1732-1812; Marr, 1732-1775. 

No. ii, Marr, 1777-1812. 
Sodbury, Chipping, F Nos. i.-iii. Bap, Bar, Marr, 1661-1671, 

1687-1695, 1715-1741. No. iv. Bap, Bur, 1748-1812 ; Marr, 

1748-1753. No. v, Marr, 1754-1812 (defective). 
Sodbury, Little, R. No. i. Bap, 1703-1812; Bur, 1703-1754; 

Marr, 1703-1753. No. ii, Marr, 1754-1812. Bur. at Old 

Sodbury since 1754. 
Sodbury, Old, F No. i. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1695-1732 (defective). 

No. ii. Bap., Bur, 1733-1812 ; Marr, 1733-1753. Nos. iii. iv, 

Marr, 1754-1812. 
Southrop F Nos. i. ii. Bap, 1680-1714, 1716-1748, 1753-1812; 

Bur, 1656-1748, 1753-1812 ; Marr, 1656-1744. No. iii, Marr, 

1754-1812. No other registers can be found. 
Standisk F No. i. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1560-1635 (very imperfect). 

Nos. ii. iii. Bap, Bur, 1650-1785 ; Marr, 1650-1753. No. iv. 

Bap, Bur, 1786-1812. No. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Stanley Kings R. Nos. i.-iv. Bap, Bur, 1573-1812 ; Marr, 1573- 

1753. Nos. v.-vii, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Stanley St. Leonards P.O. Nos. i. ii. Bap, 1575-1770; Bur, 

1571-1770; Marr, 1570-1753. No. iii. Bap, Bur, 1771-1812. 

Nos. iv. v, Marr, 1755-1812. 
Slanton R. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, Marr, 1572-1768. No. iii. 

Bap, Bur, 1769-1812. No. iv, Marr, 1769-1812. 
Stanwoy F No. i. Bap, 1573-1636, 1642-1723; Bur, 1573- 

1636, 1656-1723; Marr, 1573-1636, 1654-1723. Nos. ii. iii. 

Bap, Bur, 1724-1812 ; Marr, 1723-1753. No. iv, Marr, 1754- 

1812. 
Stapleton P.O. Nos. i. ii. Bap, Bur, 1720-1812; Marr, 1720- 

1753. Nos. iii. iv, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Staunton R.No. i, 1653-1694 (irregular and defective). Nos. 

ii.-iv, 1695-1812. No. v, Marr, 1754-1812. 
Staverton F No. i. (scarcely legible), 1542-1668. No. ii, 1679- 

1793, interrupted by No. iii. Bap, Bur, 1783-1812. No. iv., 

Marr, 1757-1812. 

Stinchcombe P.O. No. i, 1582-1812. No. ii, Marr, 1754-1812. 
StoJce-Gi/ord F Nos. i.-iv. Bap, 1588-1612, 1625-1649, 1652- 

1656, 1660-1667, 1700-1721, 1738-1812 ; Bur, 1557-1559, 

1573-1612, 1623-1649, 1652-1656, 1660-1667, 1700-1721, 1738- 

i*iL Marr '' 1556 ' 15 58, 1574-1586, 1590-1612, 1623-1649, 
652-1656, 1660-1667, 1700-1721, 1738-1812. 

* See ante, vol. ii., p. 161. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 113 

Stone C. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1594-1793; Bur., 1594-1792; Man., 

1594-1653, 1657-1753, interrupted by No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1671- 

1682, and a transcription of a lost register of Marr., 1654-1656. 

No. iv., Bap., 1794-1812; Bur., 1793-1812. No. v., Marr., 

1755-1812. 
Stomlwuse V. Nos. i. ii., 1558-1694 (very imperfect). Nos. iii.-v., 

1695-1812. Nos. vi. vii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Stow-on-the-Wold JR. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1558-1630, 

1633-1655. No. iii., Bap., 1680-1707. No. iv., Bap., Marr., 

1707-1748. No. v., Bur., 1708-1748. No. vi., Bap., Bur., 

1749-1785 ; Marr., 1749-1753. No. vii., Bap., Bur., 1786-1812. 

Nos. viii. ix., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Stratton R.No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1600-1640 (imperfect 1610- 

1619). Nos. ii.-iv., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1641-1812. 
Stroud P.O. -Nos. i.-vi., Bap., Bur., 1624-1812 ; Marr., 1624-1753. 

Nos. vii. viii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Sudeley R One book of Marr., 1705-1812; all Bap., Bur., and 

Marr. also, entered in the registers of Winchcombe* 
Sutton-under-Brails R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1715-1812 ; Marr., 

1718-1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Swell, Lower, V. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1678-1741 (imperfect). 

No. ii., Bap., 1757-1812; Bur., 1742-1785, 1793-1812; Marr., 

1758-1761. No. iii., Marr., 1762-1812. 
Swell, Upper, R.Nos. i-iii., Bap., 1543-1646, 1656-1750, 1782- 

1812; Bur., 1543-1646, 1656-1812; Marr., 1543-1646, 1656- 

1750. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1806, 1809-1812. 
Swindon R.Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1606-1812; Marr., 1606-1755. 

No. iii, Marr., 1756-1812. 
Taynton R Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1538-1812 ; Marr., 1538-1676, 

1678-1753. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Tetlury F Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1631-1777; Marr., 1631-1753. 

Nos. iii. iv., Bap., Bur., 1778-1812. Nos. v. vi., Marr., 1754- 

1812. 

Tewkesbury V. Nos. i.-xvi., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1559-1812. 
Thornbury V. (with Falfield G. and Oldbury-on-Severn 0.) Nos. 

i. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1538-1644, 1650-1679. Nos. iii. iv., 

Bap., Bur., 1684-1767; Marr., 1684-1753. No. v., Bap., Bur., 

1768-1812. Nos. vi.-ix., Marr., 1754-1812. Also a few loose 

sheets of early date. 
Tibberton R.~ Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1661-1812; Bur., 1659-1812; 

Marr., 1680-1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Tidenham F. Bap., 1708-1754, 1768-1780, 1790-1812; Bur., 

1708-1711, 1715-1754, 1768-1780, 1790-1812; Marr., 1708- 

1812. 
Tirley F. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1653-1662, 1664-1812; Marr., 

1653-1662, 1664-1744. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1774. No. v., 

Banns Marr., 1774-1812. 

* For further particulars see ante, vol. i., p. 113. 
VOL. III. T 



114 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Toddinf/ton (with Stanley-Pontlarge and Prescot) V. Nos. i.-iii., 

1666-1670, 1672-1812. No. iv., Banns Man., 1754-1812. 
Todenham #. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1721-1812; Marr., 1721-1754. 

No. ii., Marr., 1755-1812. 
Tormarton P. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1679-1812 ; Marr., 1679- 

1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. These include the entries 

for West-Littleton P. C. 
Tortworth P. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1591-1785; Marr., 1591- 

1786. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 1786-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1787- 

1809. 
Tredington PG No. i., Bap., 1551-1585, 1611-1612, 1615, 1618- 

1636, 1708-1760; Bur., 1541-1714, 1719-1721, 1736-1758; 

Marr., 1641-1654, 16734725, 1744-1749 (defective). No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., 1761-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
TurMean F. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., 1572-1812; Bur., 1572-1720, 

1728-1812; Marr., 1572-1744. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812.* 
Twining F. Bap., 1648-1812; Bur., 1656-1812; Marr., 1698- 

1812. 
Tytherington F. Nos. i.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1662-1812; Marr., 1662- 

1753. No. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Uckington C. No. i., 1564-1667, interrupted by No. ii., 1631- 

1636. Nos. iii-v., 1680-1812. No. vi., Marr., 1761-1812. 
Uley R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1723-1812; Marr., 1723-1753. 

Nos. iii.-v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Upleadon P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1538-1812; Marr., 1538- 

1756. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1756-1789, 1791-1812. 
Upton St. Leonards P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1646-1690, 

1701-1741. Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 1742-1812; Marr., 1742- 

1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Walton-Cardiff P.O. One book, Bap., 1677-1811 ; Marr., 1697- 

1812. There is no burial-ground. 
Wapley (with Codringtori) F. Nos. i. ii., Bap., 1662-1812. Nos. 

iii. iv., Bur., 1662-1812. No. v., Marr., 1662-1749. Nos. vi vii., 

Marr., 1755-1812. 
Washbourne P. (7. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1567-1728. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., 1779-1812. No. iii., Marr., 1757-1803. 
Welford R Nos. i.-iii., Bap., 1561-1572, 1576-1812; Bur., 1561- 

1812; Marr., 1561-1753. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Westbury-on-Severn F No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1538-1664, 

interrupted by Nos. ii. iii., Bap., Bur., 1659-1812; Marr., 1659- 

1752. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 

Westbury-on-Trym P.O. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1559-1812 ; Marr., 
1559-1753. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. No. v. (for Shire- 
hampton C.\ Bap., Bur., Marr., 1727-1812. 

Westerleigh P.G Nos. i. ii. 5 Bap., Bur., 1693-1812; Marr., 1694- 

1753. Nos. iii.-v., Marr., 1754-1812. 

* For further particulars see ante, vol. ii., p. 199. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 115 

Westcote R. No. i., Bap., 1630-1733; Bur., 1630-1739; Marr., 

1630-1732 (defective). No. ii, Bap., Bur., 1738-1812. No. iii., 

Banns Marr., 1758-1812. 
Weston-Birt 72. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1611-1650. Nos. ii. iii., 

Bap., Bur., 1654-1812; Marr., 1654-1753. No. iv., Marr., 

1754-1812. 
Weston-on-Avon (with Milcot) V. One book, Bap., Bur., Marr., 

1685-1812, deficient in 1694, 1709, 1712, 1714, 1720. 
Weston-sub-Edge R. Nos. i.-iii., Bap., Bur., 1654-1812; Marr., 

1654-1753. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1754-1812. 
WhaddonP.O.Nos.i.u.,R&p. t Bur., 1674-1812; Marr., 1674- 

1753. No. iii, Marr., 1754-1812. 
Whitminster, or Wheatenhurst, P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 

1538-1666 (scarcely legible). Nos. ii.-iv., Bap., Bur., 1685-1812 ; 

Marr., 1685-1753. No. v., Marr., 1755-1803. No. vi., Marr., 

1805-1812. 
Whittington R. Nos. i. ii., Bap., Bur., 1539-1812; Marr., 1539- 

1753. No. iii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Wick (with Abson) P.O. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1687-1806, 

interrupted by No. ii., Marr., 1756-1812. 
Wickwar 72. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1689-1777 ; Marr., 1689-1753. 

No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1778-1812. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Widford 72. Bap., 1751-1812; Bur., 1754-1812; Marr., 1770- 

1803. 
Willersey R. Nos. i.-iiL, Bap., 1721-1812; Bur., 1727-1812. 

No. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Winchcombe (with Gretton) V. No. i., 1515-1543. Nos. ii. iii., 

1539-1709. No. iv., Bur. only, 1678-1699. Nos. v. vi., 1709- 

1812. Nos. viL-ix., Marr., 1754-1812.* 
Windrash V. No. i. (very much mutilated), Bap., Bur., Marr., 

1586-1732. No. ii., Bap., Bur., 1753-1812. No. iii., Marr., 

1755-1812. 
Winson C. No. i., 1540-1812 (imperfect). No. ii., Marr., 1797- 

1811. 
Winston R. Bap., 1577-1812; Bur., 1577-1705, 1739-1812; 

Marr., 1577-1812. 
Winterbourne R. Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1600-1689, 1697-1812; 

Marr., 1600-1689, 1697-1794. No. vi., Marr., 1794-1812. 
Witcom.be, Great, R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1749-1812. No. ii., 

Marr., 1754-1812. The old register lost. 

Withington R. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1609-1620, 1632-1655, inter- 
rupted by No. ii, 1653-1681. Nos. iii. iv., Bap., 1682-1792 ; 

Bur., 1678-1812 ; Marr., 1755-1794. 

Woodchester R. Bap., Bur., 1563-1812; Marr., 1563-1809. 
Woolastone 72. No. i., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1696-1736. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., 1737-1796 ; Marr., 1738-1756. No. iii., Bap., Bur., 

1797-1812. Nos. iv. v., Marr., 1757-1812. 

* For further particulars see ante, vol. i. t p. 113. 



116 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Woolstone RNo. i. (much torn and very defective), Bap., Bur., 

Marr 1563-1733. No. ii., Bap., Bur., Marr., 1734-1753. No. 

iii., Bap., Bur., 1783-1812. No. iv., Marr., 1754-1810. 
Wormington #. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1719-1774; Marr., 1719-1753. 

No. ii., Bap., 1776-1812; Bur., 1775-1812. No. iii., Marr., 

1755-1812. 
Wotton-under-Edge F. Nos. i.-v., Bap., Bur., 1571-1812 ; Marr., 

1571-1753. Nos. vi.-ix., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Tanworth 0. No. i., Bap., Bur., 1695-1812 ; Marr., 1695-1753. 

No. ii., Marr., 1754-1812. 
Tate . No. i, Bap., Bur., 1660-1782; Marr., 1661-1753. No. ii., 

Bap., Bur., 1783-1812. Nos. iii. iv., Marr., 1754-1812. 

EDITOB. 

1080. ALLOTMENT OF PEWS IN HAMPNETT CHURCH, 1610. 
On the last leaf of the earliest of the parish registers of Hampnett 
this entry appears : 

" September 16 th , 1610. Memorandum that we Thomas Eose & 
Richard Sowtherne churchwardens sworne of and for the p'yshe of 
Hampnet considering that there are three seats or pues in the higher 
or outmost rome of the Church of Hampnet aforesaid not fully 
determined or agreed to what person or persons house or houses 
they of right belonge uppon the sixteenth day of this instant 
month of September 1610 doe appointe & ordaine (as much as in 
us is) that Anne the wyfe of M r Maskall p'son of Hampnet afore- 
said and hers and Alyce the wyfe of Thomas Bycknell the farmer 
& hers both which otherwyse want convenient seate rome shall 
have the two highest & outermost seats or pues of the said three, 
and Jane the wyfe of Edward Byshop & hers shall have the thirds 
untill it shall be fullie determined & agreed that the said three 
seats or pues ought to be otherwyse disposed off. 

" Thomas Rose X his mark. 

" Richard Sowtherne X his mark." 

WILLIAM WIGGIN, M.A. 

Hampnett Rectory, Northleach. 

1081. CAPTAIN SAMUEL STURMY'S BEQUEST. In Collinson's 
Somersetshire (1791), vol. iii., p. 151, mention is made of an 
upright tablet against the north wall of the nave of Easton-in- 
Gordano Church, containing this memorial : " Captain Samuel 
Sturmy, of this parish of St. George's, made and gave unto the 
same two dials at the Pill, and two more upon the church porch ; 
also in the same parish hee write his Mathematical Treatise in 
folio, mtitled, The Mariners' or Artises Magazen. One of these 
books he freely gave to this parish, upon the condition (viz.) that 
the booke should be chained too, and locked in the deosk where 
now he is left (always), and the key to remaine in the hands of 
v^apt. Richard Morgan, esq., or his assignes (ever) untill any 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 117 

ingenious persons of the same parish, or Lye, or Portbury's parish; 
or any other which desires the use thereof, which shall not be 
denied them freely, provided they first give unto Capt. Morgan, or 
his assignes, good sufficient security as he or them shall think fit 
for three pounds sterling, that shall be forfeited and lost, if any 
that be so ingauged shall cut, teare out, or blurr any paper, sheet, 
figuers, or diagram, that is in the said book. And that 31. is to 
put such another in its place; but on the contrary, if Capt. 
Morgan or his assignes doth receive the booke in as good condicion 
of the party obleiged as when he received it^ then shall the party 
be free of his obligation untill the next time he desier to use it, 
then to give the same, and likewise all other persons for ever. For 
an acknowledgment of kindness unto the author, the minister 
doth promise to preach a sermon always on his birth-day, being the 
5th of Nov. (he was borne at Gloucester, anno 1633), and the 
same day the mariners or ringers to give him a peale of bells at 
the same parish. Witness our hands the 1st day of May, Anno 
1669. Non nobis solum nati sumus. 

Minister, George Willinton. 

^11 T ( William Robson, 
Churchwardens, j Eichard Wasbro ^,, 

"This scientifick credential," as Collinson adds, "is closed by 
some English lines, and a short Latin peroration, now nearly 
obliterated. On the top of the tablet is Sturrny's picture." 

The bequest is mentioned likewise in the Gentleman's Magazine 
(1793), vol. Ixiii., p. 320; and Lowndes refers to The Mariner's 
Magazine, London, 1669, folio, "with portrait of Sturmy, set. 36, 
1669, by A. H(ertocks)." The work was revised and corrected by 
John Colson, and republished in London, 1684, fol. ; and the 
" scientifick credential " has lately appeared, under the heading of 
"A Mariner's Bequest," in Book-Lore, no. i., p. 14, but, with strange 
typographical inaccuracies. Thus, for " the pillars " read (as above) 
" the Pill," which is the name of a place in the neighbourhood ; 
and for "trace out" read "teare out." "Non nobis tolum nati 
fumus" should of course be "Non nobis solum nati sumus;" and 
the name of the second churchwarden was "Wasbrow," not 
" Wascrow." Strict accuracy in such matters is essential. In the 
present instance the blunders have been copied from the Gentleman's 
Magazine ; and we have here good proof of the danger of trusting 
too much to second-hand information. j Q. 

1082. WHEAT SUPPLY IN 1796. I send the following ex- 
tracts from an old magazine : " The bakers lately had a public 
meeting at Gloucester, and unanimously resolved, first, that they 
could not purchase wheat on account of the exorbitant price 
demanded ; and second, that wheat is withheld from the markets 
in consequence of hadgers and jobbers in corn making it a common 
practice to call on the farmers at home, arid who, being mere 



118 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

speculators, offer and give prices that have a pernicious effect on the 
fair market. " (Monthly Magazine and British Register, Feb. ,1796.) 
"Mr. Farmer Williams, of Pike Corner, Gloucestershire, from 
motives of benevolence, lately sold to the poor in his neighbour- 
hood thirty sacks of wheat, at 8/- per bushel." Ib., March, 1796. 

H. C. W. 

1083. THE WINE OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE. In the Eighth 
Report of the Historical Manuscripts Commission (1881), appendix, 
part iii., p. 32, in the account of the Earl of Ashburnham's 
collection, there is as follows : " Miscellanea Topographica. A 
duodecimo of 77 written pages, containing extracts from different 
authors on the antiquities of various counties of England, Ireland, 
and Scotland. The collector of these quotations observes that 
the vine was cultivated to a considerable extent in England in the 
twelfth century, that the wine made at Gloucestershire was con- 
sidered the best, and that there was anciently a vineyard in 
Smithfield, another near Hatton Garden, whence the present Vine- 
street, and a third in St. Giles'-in-the-Fields." 

In fact, the vineyards of Gloucestershire were famous. William 
of Malrnesbury, writing in the 12th century, says, "No county in 
England has so many or so good vineyards as this, either for fertility 
or sweetness of the grape." Vineyards in this county are mentioned 
in Domesday, particularly in the valleys about Chalford and Stone- 
house. " That we grow no wine now," says Camden, "is rather to 
be imputed to the sloth of the inhabitants than the indisposition 
of the climate." In 43 Eclw. III., Thomas, Lord Berkeley, had a 
vineyard at Berkeley, which was very productive, and which he 
tended with great care. GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

1084. JENNER FAMILY. The following brief sketch drawn up 
by James Dallaway, the elder (many of whose MSS., dated 1770, 
are in my possession), may throw some light on this family : 

" The elder Jenner came from Marstou, Co. Wilts, of a sturdy 
race of yeomen, into which family Smith of Bowldown married. 
He had two sons, who married sisters. John Jenner, of Mays 
Hill, senr., born 1678, d. 20 March, 1750 (buried at Mays Hill), 
married 1st, Eleanor, dan. of William Bradley, of Shireborn, Co. 
Glo. (She was born 1679, and died 14 March, 1715.) He 
re-married Martha - , d. 29 June, 1736: both, I think, are 
buried at Meysey Hampton. Richard Jenner was of Barrington, 
Co. Camb. (!), b. 1702, d. 6 Feb., 1744, and buried at Barrington. 
He married Elizabeth Bradley, d. 9 March, 1773, buried at Hampton. 
John and Eleanor (Bradley) Jenner had issue, John Jenner, James 
(b. 24 June, 1710, d. 12 Feb., 1775), Frances (ux. Lyne), 

homas (b. 1707, d. 12 July, 1740, of smallpox), Jane, William, 

Humphrey, who also died of the same disease, and (as the 

dates are not given) apparently young. Richard and Elizabeth 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 119 

(Bradley) Jenner had issue, William Jenner (who married E. Adis), 
Richard, Mary, Elizabeth (ux. E. Shipway), Susanna (died of 
smallpox, and buried at St. James', Bristol), and Ann (ux. 29 May, 
1760, at Minchinhampton, Samuel Davis)." 

The two Bradleys were sisters of the celebrated Rev. Dr. James 
Bradley (1692-1762), astronomer royal, and their youngest sister, 
Rebecca Bradley (b. 1700, m. 1720^ d. 1765), became the wife of 
John Dallaway, of Brimscomb, the grandfather of the "pedantic 
and satirical " Rev. James Dallaway, Earl Marshal's secretary, etc., 
the brother of my maternal grandmother. 

William Jenner, of North Marston, Wilts, was a freeholder in 
1637. The name of Jenner, of South Cerney, occurs in Phillipps' 
Pedes Finium, 10 Will. III., Trin. Term (1699). Q g> B Q. 

1085. ISAAC JAMES, BOOKSELLEE, ETC. This Isaac James, 
" Bookseller, Tea-Dealer, Glover, and Undertaker, at the Circulating 
Library, No. 10, Wine-Street, Bristol," must have been a character. 
He took good care to sound his own praises, and issued a poetical 
broadside, the first six lines of which run thus : 
" Ladies and Gentlemen, Pray, stop, 
And take a look at James's Shop, 
In Wine-street plac'd, at Number Ten : 
Those who come once will come again. 
I've various articles to sell, 
And some, no doubt, will suit you well." 

He would appear to have combined in his own person several 
branches of trade, and nevertheless to have had time for writing. 
I possess a 12mo volume of which he was the author, entitled 
Providence Displayed: or, The Remarkable Adventures of Alexander 
Selkirk, etc., Bristol, 1800. BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1086. ANCIENT VESTMENTS AND CHURCH EMBROIDERIES. 
I am endeavouring to make out a list of all the ancient vestments 
and other church embroideries at present to be found in the 
churches of our county, with a view to printing a description of 
them in the Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archaeological Society ; and I shall feel much obliged for any infor- 
mation from your readers upon the subject. 

MARY E. BAGNALL-OAKELEY. 

Newland, Coleford. 

1087. MINCHINHAMPTON QUERIES. I shall be glad if any 
of your correspondents can throw light upon the following queries 
relating to the parish of Minchinhampton : 

1. Is there any account extant of the storm of 1602, by which 
the spire of the church is said to have been blown down ? 

2. Who was Sir John de la Mere who built the south transept, 
and .where can any account of him be found ? 



120 GLOUCESTEKSHIKE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

3. What is the history of St. Chloe school, and what the 
etymology of the name ? G. T. D. 

Wood Chester, Stroud. 

1088. WILLIAM DALLAWAY, ESQ.. HIGH SHERIFF OF GLOUCES- 
TERSHIRE, 1766. On the altar tomb over the remains of the above- 
named at Minchinhampton there was a large impaled brass shield 
it was Dallaway impaling Hopton in 12 quarterings ; but it has 
disappeared. Can any one tell me where it is 1 Some one probably 
has it ; and he might feel disposed to restore it to its proper place. 

VIATOR. 

1089. THE TOWER OF SWINDON CHURCH, NEAR CHELTENHAM. 
I have read in a local directory that Swindon Church has the 
only octagonal tower in England. Whether that be so or not, it is 
rarely one sees a tower of the kind. jj Q -yy 

Our correspondent may be glad to know that the fine parish 
church of South Petherton, Somerset, furnishes a good specimen of 
an octagonal tower. EDITOR. 

1090. NORWOOD FAMILY, OF LECKHAMPTON. Can you give 
me a rough sketch of the Norwood family, of Leckhampton ? or 
rather, of the descendants of Henry Norwood, who married 
Elizabeth Rodney, relict of Payne Fisher and Edward Kirton ? 

FREDERICK BROWN. 
Fern Bank, Beckenham, Kent. 

1091. SAINTBURY CROSS. Can you give me any information 
regarding the old cross in the village of Saintbury ? H C W 

In Pooley's Notes on the Old Crosses of Gloucestershire (1868), 
p. 20, these particulars are found : " A village cross, thus finished 
[as in the illustration there given] about twenty years ago, at 
which time the dial and Maltese cross were added. Previously a 
stone pineapple, painted, ornamented the top. The shaft is a 
tapering octagon lift. 2in. in height, having broaches at the base; 
the socket is octagonal, and has its upper edge canted, the face 
being interrupted by small double guttse at the angles and on each 
side. The four steps measure respectively 9ft. Tin., 7ft. 3in., and 
3ft. 8m. square. This is supposed to have been the resting-place 
for the funeral procession before it started up the hill to the church. 
Lower features, about fifteenth century." 

The reader who wishes for information regarding the old crosses 
scattered throughout the county, is referred to the above-named 
volume ; but, as Mr. Pooley has stated in his preface, except in the 
high crosses, the preaching cross at Iron Acton, and the crosses of 

slay, Aylburton, Lydney, and Clearwell, there is little in their 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 121 

architecture to call for remark. The plan generally is so simple, 
and the features so minute, that no room is left for display. In 
twe instances, however namely, those of Didmarton and Westcote 
figures have been introduced into the base with good effect. 

EDITOR. 

1092. EMYLEY, OR EMLYN, FAMILY. This family held the 
manor of Helmedon, co. Northampton, temp. Elizabeth. Their head 
married the dau. of the bishop of Bath and Wells (circa 1579?); 
and subsequently a branch settled in Somerset. Of this western 
branch I have seen two seals (at least over two hundred years old) ; 
one a large oval, possibly an ecclesiastic's, as the family device (a 
savage) is not placed on a shield (John de Emmele was a clerk of 
St. Peter's, Stene, in 1349, and John Emley was a prebendary of 
St. Mary's, Nassington, co. Northampton, in 1502 : see Bridge's 
Northamptonshire, i. 199 ; ii. 469) ; the other an ordinary-sized 
heraldic seal, the savage being placed on a shield. The blazon is as 
follows : Argent, on a mount vert, a savage holding his club over 
his sinister shoulder, his dexter arm akimbo, ppr. 

(1) In the year 1648, June 19, John Emlyn bought several 
parcels of land, part of the manor of Bath and Wells, co. Somerset, 
paying .144 lls. 6d. Collectanea Topog. et GeneaL, vol. i., p. 122. 

(2) June 29, 1663, died Sarah, wife of John Emley, arid was 
buried at Badminton Church, co. Gloucester. Bigland's Gloucester- 
shire, vol. i., p. 123. 

(3) Maximilian Emyley, of Helmedon, Esq., had a son John, 
who was baptized on the 17th of July, 1613, but of whom nothing 
further is stated in the pedigree of the Helmedon family given in 
Baker's Northamptonshire, p. 629. 

At what time, and in what place, did this branch of the Emyleys 
or Emlyns settle in the West of England ? Do paragraphs 1, 2, 
and 3 refer to the same John ? If so, was he not the ancestor of 
this western branch 1 

The arms of the Helmedon family, as given by Burke, are : Sable 
a savage with his club argent. Is the difference between this coat 
and that in the seal attributable to the engraver's negligence, or to 
an intentional purpose to distinguish the branch from the stock ? 

P. S. P. CONNER. 
126, South Eighteenth Street, Philadelphia, U.S.A. 

1093. TRANSMISSION OF EREEMEN'S EIGHTS AT BRISTOL. 
The Times, Feb. 6, 1885, reviewing Letters of Jane Austen, edited, 
with an introduction and critical remarks, by Edward, Lord 
Brabourne (Eichard Bentley and Son, 1884), says: "In 1808, 
Jane Austen writes as follows to Cassandra : * We have got the 
second volume of Espriella's Letters, and I read it aloud by candle- 
light. The man describes well, but is horribly anti-English; he 
deserves to be the foreigner he assumes.' This book was one of 



122 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Souther's early works, and it is quite as meritorious as others that 
proceeded from his pen. When Jane Austen denounces it as anti- 
English she may have had in mind the passages in which English 
elections are described, and where it is told that at Bristol the 
daughter of a freeman transmits the right to vote to her husband, 
thatthe custom there was for a freeman's daughter to go through 
the ceremony of marriage, and then, after leaving church, for the 
pair to shake hands over a grave and repeat the words c death us 
do part,' after which the nominal husband went off to vote, while 
the freeman's daughter went to be married again, repeating the 
operation during the days the poll was open, yet remaining a 
maiden at its close."* Was this really the practice, and what are 
the authorities on the subject? H. C. W. 

1094. " SHIP-SHAPE AND BRISTOL FASHION." Mr. Terry sent 
the following communication under the above heading to Notes and- 
Queries (6 th S. xi. 26) : This phrase, which is new to me, and 
probably also to many of your readers, seems worth being intro- 
duced to their notice. The special correspondent of the Daily 
News, writing about the " great mass meeting at Bristol," on 
Saturday, Oct. 18, 1S84, remarks, in the issue of that paper for 
Oct. 20 : " There is a well-understood phrase in this part of the 
West, * Ship-shape and Bristol fashion.' It signifies respectability, 
steadiness, stolidity, and, some would perhaps say, a tendency to 
the slowness that is based upon deliberation. The route, of little 
less than three miles, was lined on either side by unbroken lines of 

people Yet there was little shouting or cheering 

en route I remarked on the absence of the 

running roar of applause, which has been my experience of other 
demonstrations in different parts of the country, but the gentleman 
riding with me explained that this was their way ' Ship-shape 
and Bristol fashion.' " 

In the same volume, p. 118, the following reply appeared: 
This phrase is used by Americans. It occurs in Dana's Two Tears 
before the Mast, ch. xx. : " They said her decks were as white as 
snow holystoned every morning, like a man-of-war's ; everything 
on board ' ship-shape and Bristol fashion.' " J G 

1095. ROBERT RAIKES, OF NORTHAMPTON. Robert Raikes 
(father of the philanthropist) was one of the original proprietors of 
the Northampton Mercury (estab. 1720), being both before and 
after that year a patent medicine vendor in Northampton. What 
is known of his connection with the above-named newspaper, which 
was started two or three years before the Gloucester Journal ? 

M. C. B. 

This reminds one of an inscription which is said to be in the churchyard of Brigmerston, 

" Thrice was she married : 
Then she died Alas ! " 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 123 

1096. SIR WILLIAM HAMPTON. This old Gloucestershire 
worthy, who, as Atkyns mentions, became " eminent for his strict 
justice in punishing strumpets and vagabonds," was a native of the 
parish of Miuchinhampton, and became sheriff of London in 1462, 
and mayor in 1472. I shall be glad to be referred to any sources 
of information respecting him. 

Members of the family were settled in Minchinhampton at an 
early date. In 1314, 7 Edw. II., John de Hampton was sheriff of 
Gloucestershire, and was continued in office for four years. As 
mentioned by Bigland, there is a brass plate in the north cross aisle 
of Minchinhampton Church with this inscription : " Of your 
Charite pray for the Soules of John Hampton Gentleman Elyn his 
Wife, and all their Children, speciallie for the Soule of Dame Alice 
Hampton his Daughter whiche was right beneficiall to this Church 
and Parish. Which John decessed in the Yere of o'r Lord 
MCCCCCLYI, on whose Soules Jim have M'cy. Amen." j G 

1097. HUMPHREY SMITH, ESQ. The undersigned will be glad 
to be informed whether there was any connection between 
Humphrey Smith, Esq., of Headington Hill and Kidlington, 
Oxfordshire, who was high-sheriff for that county in 1704, and a 
Gloucestershire family of the same name ; and if there was, any 
particulars of the connection will oblige. G T D 

Woodchester, Stroud. 

1O98. STANDFAST'S "CORDIAL COMFORTS" AND ITS AUTHOR. 
I have a copy of a small book entitled A Little Handful of Cordial 
Comforts : scattered throughout several Answers to Sixteen Questions 
and Objections following, "by Richard Standfast, M.A., Rector of 
Christ-Church in Bristol, and Chaplain in Ordinary to King 
Charles II." (6th ed., Bristol, 1764, 18mo, pp. 94). I shall be 
glad to have particulars of Mr. Standfast, or to be told where to 
find them. In what year was the above-named work first published? 
It was reprinted in Bristol in 1764, " for Mr. Standfast Smith, 
Apothecary, Great Grandson of the Author." Has any edition 
since appeared 1 J G 

In Christ Church, Bristol, on the north wall, and close to the 
door of the vestry, there is an old brass (cleaned and re-erected in 
1884), with this inscription : 

" Neare this place lieth the body of M r Richard Standfast, | 
Master of Arts, of Sidney Colledge in Cambridge, and Chaplaine | 
in Ordinary to King Charles the First, who for his loyalty | to y e 
King and steadfastnesse in the Established Religion, suf fered four- 
teene yeares sequestration. He returned to his | place in Bristol, 
at the restauration of King Charles the | Second, was then made 
Prebendary of the Cathedral Church of Bristol, and for twenty 
yeares and better (notwithstand | ing his blindriesse) performed the 



124 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

offices of the Church ex | actly, and discharged the office of an 
able, orthodox, and diligent preacher. He was Rector of Christ 
Church up | wards of 51 yeares, and dyed August | y e 24, in y e 
78 th yeare of his age, and in y e yeare | of our Lord MDCLXXXIV. | 
He shall live againe. These following verses were compos | ed 
by himselfe to be put upon his monu ment, and were taken from 
his owne | mouth two dayes before his death : 
" lacob was at Bethel found, 

And soe may we, though underground ; 

With lacob there did God indent 

To be w th him where 'ere he went, 

And to bring him back againe. 

Nor was that promise made in vaine : 

Upon w ch words we rest in confidence 

That he w ch found him there will fetch us hence ; 

Nor without cause are we perswaded thus, 

For where God spake w th him he spake with us." 
Barrett, in his History of Bristol (1789), p. 469, has written thus : 
" Amongst the memorials of the dead that deserve our notice is 
a very singular little mural monument in the chancel [of Christ 
Church]. It is inscribed to the Rev. Dr. Standfast, is a plain 
white marble table, with an hour-glass in a kind of pediment on 
the top, and a death's head below it." It is not so now (was it at 
any time 1), but simply a brass plate, inscribed as above. 

Standfast was sequestrated, as already mentioned, for his 
adherence to the king in the civil war, and is said to have suffered 
much for his loyalty ; but in Walker's Sufferings of the Clergy his 
troubles have not been recorded. At one time he escaped from his 
pursuers at Thornbury by putting on a thatcher's dress, and 
pretending to be busily engaged in mending the roof of a house. 
His benefice was given to a tailor, named Evans, and he himself in 
March, 1645-6, was imprisoned in Bristol Castle "for his dis- 
affection to the Parliament of England and their proceedings, which 
in his printing, praying, and preaching he had expressed. He was, 
as Barrett states, " so noted and well-received a preacher in this 
city [of Bristol] that he was appointed by the mayor and corpora- 
tion (of which body some of his ancestors had been*) to preach 
the public lectures at several churches, gift-sermons appointed by 
benefactors to the city." During his sequestration he was so 
beloved by the vestry of Christ Church, that they contributed to 
his support by an annual payment, as appears from a letter in the 
handwriting of Dean Towgood, in which he complains of his 
parishioners of St. Nicholas not acting as generously to him as the 
others had acted to Standfast. 

On the wall in the north aisle of the neighbouring church of 
St. Mary-le-Port there is a slab with this inscription, as recorded in 
Pryces History of Bristol, (1861), p. 230 : 

* Walter Standfast was sheriff in 1577, and mayor in 1591. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 125 

" To the memory of Thomas Smith, Apothecary, | of this Parish, 
son of Bernard Smith, Apothecary, twice Mayor of Taunton, in 
the County of | Somerset, | and of Katherine, his wife, daughter of 
Nicholas Standfast, Apothecary, and grand | daughter to Richard 
Standfast, A.M., Chaplain | in Ordinary to His Most Sacred Majesty | 
King Charles 1 st , who on account of | his inviolable loyalty to 
the King, and firm | attachment to the Establish'd Church, was | 
for 14 years depriv'd of the rectory of Christ Church in this city, 
whereof he was Incumbent | upwards of 51 years. Eut on the 
restoration of | the King restor'd to his benefice, and moreover 
promoted to the dignity of a Prebendary of the Collegiate Church 
of this city, wherein | notwithstanding a totall privation of his | 
sight he continued to discharge the | respective duties of each 
province as an able, diligent, and orthodox divine. Tho 8 Smith 
departed this life 8 th Oct r , 1730. | Katherine, his wife, 15 th April, 
1743." 

Richard Standfast was author of A Little Handful of Cordial 
Comforts, 4th ed., 1665 ; and of A Caveat against Seducers, 1664. 
These were republished in 1684, with The Blind Maris Meditations, 
and a Dialogue between a Blind-Man and Death, which had 
appeared in 1665. He wrote likewise Queries concerning the 
Receiving of the Sacrament, " printed for Charles Allen, Bookseller 
in Bristol," 1680. I do not know the date of the first edition of 
any of his works ; and I am not aware of any later than the 6th 
(mentioned by your correspondent), Bristol, 1764. 

In The Blind Marts Meditations there are several pieces of 
poetry, of which these lines will serve as a specimen : 

" Sin, sin, 

With my life did begin, 

And I have lived therein 

All my daies heretofore ! 

Sins of heart, head, hand, and tongue, 

Through my life all along, 

Like a thread have they run, 

Binding me to be undone ; 

Many and great are they grown, 

And if justice scan the score, 

I must perish evermore." B. H. B. 

1O99. HOUR-GLASSES IN CHURCHES. (Reply to No. 761.) 
The bracket of the preacher's glass is still to be seen in the ancient 
church of St. Giles, Maisemore, near Gloucester. It was carefully 
preserved when the church was restored about twelve years ago. 
I believe also that the bracket from the old church at Minsterworth 
was transferred to the present church, which was consecrated some 
twelve years ago ; but I am not quite certain, not having been in 
the church for several years. J AS> H> BILLETT. 

Chronicle Office, Gloucester. 



126 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

11OO. HENRY SAMPSON, 1465. (Reply to No. 496.) As 
Mr. Cecil T. Davis has mentioned in his Monumental Brasses of 
Worcestershire (1883), no. vii., Henry Sampson died 17 Nov., 
1482, and was buried in the church of Tredington, of which he 
had been rector. There is a brass on the chancel floor 2ft. 9in. by 
1ft. 8 Jin. ; and as was the custom of the clergy in pre-Eeformation 
times, Sampson is represented wearing a tonsure and clean shaven. 
He is vested in cassock, surplice, almuce, covering his shoulders 
a fur tippet with ermine tails sewn round the lower edge ; he is 
kneeling and turned to the right ; and there is a Latin inscription, 
which may be rendered thus in English : " Here lies Master 
Henry Sampson, formerly rector of this church, who died the 17th 
November, A.D. 1482. To whose soul may God be merciful. Amen." 
Mr. Davis acknowledges his obligations to the Rev. . Thomas P. 
Wadley, rector of Naunton Beauchamp, for the following par- 
ticulars : It is most probable that Henry Sampson, rector of 
Tredington, is identical with Henry Sampson, dean of the collegiate 
church of Westbury-on-Trym, though, unfortunately, he does not 
speak for himself, having died intestate as it would appear. We 
see him on his brass wearing the almuce of a canon. Now, on the 
3rd June, 1469, Henry Sampson resigned the deanery of Westbury 
in favour of William Canynges, or Canning, who was then no 
longer an eminent merchant of Bristol, but a priest, and in possession 
of a canonry in the collegiate church of Westbury, and the pre- 
bend of Godrynghill, otherwise called Wodeford, Trekenhill, or 
Bryn, in the same church; which preferment Canynges then 
vacated and Sampson accepted. It seems that in those days the 
deanery of Westbury might be held together with a parochial 
benefice. Henry Sampson appears to have been much esteemed by 
John Carpenter, bishop of Worcester. The bishop was installed 
in the episcopal seat of his cathedral church on the 24th December, 
1444, by Richard Ewen and Henry Sampson, Masters of Arts. In 
1458, January 20th, Master Henry Sampson, Master in the Faculty 
of Arts, was collated to the deanery of Westbury. At one time 
Henry Sampson held a lease of the manor of Tredington under the 
bishop of Worcester. B H B 

11O1. TURNPIKE TOLLS IN 1847. The Bristol Journal of 
November 13, 1847, has copied the following paragraph from a 
contemporary, the Commercial Traveller: 

" TURNPIKE TOLLS IN WEST GLOUCESTERSHIRE. The tolls are 
infamous in many parts of this county, the western part 
more particularly. From Tetbury to Dursley, 9 miles, it is Is. 6d. 
[for a trap and one horse] ; from Dursley to Minchinhampton, 10 
miles,^ 2s., yet the Horsley hill, with its ruts and gutters across the 
road, is very dangerous, and would disgrace a parish road ; from 
Dursley to Stroud, 12 miles, 2s. 6d. The roads are in wretched 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 127 

order. The Minchinhampton. hill is in a shameful state. West 
Gloucestershire may boast of having the highest tolls and worst 
roads in England." j j^ 

1102. THE MOUSTACHE MOVEMENT. In April, 1846, at a 
time when moustaches were regarded in this country as infallible 
evidence that their wearer was either a horse-soldier or a foreigner, 
the Duke of Beaufort (father of the present duke) issued orders 
that the hirsute ornament should be worn by all the members of 
the Gloucestershire regiment of Yeomanry, In the Bristol Journal 
of the 2nd May the following paragraph appeared : 

" At the Chancellor's visitation on Saturday last were several 
churchwardens whose moustachied faces caused several persons to 
inquire the reason of jolly-looking farmers having such appendages. 
The reply was, that they were members of the Gloucestershire 
Yeomanry. As it will be desirable to have uniformity in this 
embellishment for the review, those parties whom nature cannot 
supply must have recourse to art, and we would advise all such to 
be particular in procuring moustachios that will adhere ; as at the 
Fancy Ball last week one or two soidisant foreigners had to seek 
for such ornaments on the floor." 

The subject appears to have caused some amusement ; for in the 
same paper of the 16th May appeared at full length "The Lament 
of the Beardless Yeoman, K.G.Y.C.," of which the following is the 
opening stanza : 

" The Duke's late orders thus began : 

1 Ye troopers, fat and brave, 
England expects that every man 

This day will cease to shave.'" j j^ 

11O3. AN INSCRIPTION IN THE CHURCHYARD OF ST. MART 
REDCLIFFE. The following is on a flatstone in the churchyard, and 
is, I think, rather curious : " Sacred to the memory of W m Hudson, 
second son of James and Louisa Sherborne, and fourth Cousin to 
the late Israel James Hudson, Esq r , of Bristol, who died June the 
22 ud , 1836 [?],.aged 8 years and 4 months." VIATOR. 

11O4. THE" POPULATION OF TETBURY, 1737. According to an 
old MS. document in which the names of the householders, and 
the number and religious profession of all in each house, are set 
forth, the population of Tetbury in the year 1737, occupying 566 
houses, was as follows : 

Masters and mistresses. 970 ; children, 909 ; servants, 212 ; 
lodgers, 125. Total, 2,216. 

Members of the Church, 1,918; Presbyterians, 235; Baptists, 
38 ; Quakers, 24 ; and one whose religion is not stated. Total, 
2,216. 



128 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

These figures, it may be well to note, do not tally with what the 
late Mr. Lee (apparently with reference to the same return) has 
given in his History of Tetbury (1857), p. 52. A H p 

11 05. COMMISSION REGARDING TREASURE FOUND IN CAMPDEN, 

17 EDW. III. Perhaps you may deem it of sufficient interest to 

record as one of your notes, that the Patent Rolls, 17 Edw. III. (1st 
patent A 2 tergo), describe a commission to John de Greete and 
John de Chering worth to " make inquisition by jury of the county 
of Gloucester as to what malefactors and disturbers of the peace 
took and carried away no small treasure in Campden hidden under 
the land, and belonging to the King by reason of his royal dignity, 
and to whose hands it had come." The commission is dated 28 
January, 17 Edw. III. I do not find recorded any result of the 
said commission, or any description of the treasure. It may have 
been a hoard hidden at the time of the Saxon invasion, as Roman 
and British coins are not unfrequently found in the neighbourhood. 

S."E: BARTLEET. 

Brockworth Vicarage, Gloucester. 

HO6. WILLIAM VICK'S BEQUEST TO MINOHINHAMPTON, 1754. 
In this year William Vick, Gent., of Bristol [see ante, vol. ii., 
p. 417], bequeathed .300, the interest to be disposed of annually, 
by the minister and churchwardens of Minchinhampton, on the 
1 5th of November, for ever, as follows : for prayers and a sermon, 
XI Is. Od. ; to the clerk, 5s.; to the sexton, 2s. 6d. ; to the ringers, 
10s. ; 1 Is. Od. to be spent by the vestry at the Talbot, whilst a 
public liouse ; and 5s. more to the clerk, for distributing the 
remainder in bread at the houses of such persons as shall be deemed 
proper objects of charity, preference being always given to the aged 
and sober. This donation, as it is expressed in the will, is to com- 
memorate our happy deliverer King William, and the security of 
our civil and religious rights by the Revolution. Q. ^ ^r 

11O7. STATE OF THE DIOCESE OF GLOUCESTER IN 1564. 
Amongst the manuscripts belonging to the Marquis of Salisbury, 
and preserved at Hatfield House, Hertfordshire, there is a letter of 
two pages from Richard Cheyney, B.D., Bishop of Gloucester, on 
the state of his diocese; it is dated 20th November, 1564, and is 
-addressed to the Privy Council. In the Calendar issued by the 
Historical Manuscripts Commission (1883), pt. i., p. 311, there is 
this summary of its contents : " Has taken into consideration the 
state of his diocese with respect to the observance of the established 
religion therein, as requested in their Lordships' letters of the 17th 
ult., and thanks God that there are no justices nor men placed in 
authority within his diocese who are ' eyther by themselves dis- 
ordered or meynteyners of disordre in others.' Much unquietness 
and discredit to Her Majesty's godly and honourable proceedings is, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 129 

however, caused by some who have little or no regard for the 
established order of ecclesiastical policy. * Ther is also a preacher, 
a man of great zeale and competent learninge, whom many of the 
country follow from place to place, and receave the communyon at 
his hands far from theire owne parisshes.' Hears also by men of 
good credit that he is 'too popular in his sayengs;' the redress 
whereof he must leave to their Lordships' wisdom. These things, 
however, he can ' rather lament than amend,' and their Lordships 
will be better able to devise measures for the reform thereof than 
he is to advise them. Trusts their Lordships will take in good part 
his unskilfulness and want of experience in such matters." 

GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

1108. THE STUDY OP LOCAL HISTORY. It was well remarked 
not long since in one of our Gloucester newspapers, that the manner 
of studying English history has undergone a considerable change 
within the last few years. The average schoolboy used to com- 
mence his history at the Norman Conquest, and when he had 
learned the dates of the accession and death of the successive 
kings, the principal battles, and a few of the chief events of each 
reign, he was considered proficient in the subject, and his history 
book was either bequeathed to his younger brother or sold at some 
second-hand bookshop. That he himself would ever venture to 
open such a book in after-years was extremely improbable. Nor is 
this to be wondered at when we remember that the practice of 
writing each reign separately confined the author to the description 
of a few events, principally battles, and excluded altogether the 
gradual progress of the English people. The study of the period 
previous to the Conquest was confined to a life of Alfred, including 
always the story of the cakes, a false idea of the Heptarchy, the 
incident of Canute and the waves, and the oath of Harold. That 
this period had any real bearing on modern politics seemed absurd. 
Few inhabitants of Gloucester could, until recently, have told 
whether their city had belonged to the kingdom of Mercia or 
Wessex ; and although possibly many might have read that 
Athelstane died at Gloucester, they could not have told when he 
lived, for what he was famous, or how he came to be at Gloucester 
at the time of his death. A change, however, has come. The 
modern schoolboy learns history in a more useful and .at the same 
time more pleasant fashion. A continuous narrative has superseded 
the disjointed division into reigns, an elaborate description of 
battles has almost entirely given place to a minute survey of 
the progress of our mercantile influence, while the effect of literature 
upon the nation, once banished to a short supplementary chapter, 
is now brought prominently forward. Proper weight, too, is now 
given to the Saxon period. "Thanks to Mr. Freeman, and even 
more to the late Mr. Green, the reading of this period has been 
made as interesting as it formerly was dry. Nor is the study of 

VOL. III. K 



130 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

history confined to books. Dean Stanley in Westminster 
Abbey, and Canon Westcott at Peterborough, have succeeded in 
interesting many in the historical facts with which these buildings 
are associated. Our own city has also arisen to duty in this respect. 
By the efforts of the Cathedral Society our citizens have an oppor- 
tunity of becoming acquainted in a pleasant way with the history 
which the Cathedral illustrates. History learned in this way 
becomes not merely interesting but fascinating; and we would 
point out to Gloucester teachers the favourable opportunities 
presented to them by the above-named society of embracing such a 
method. Possibly when the history of the Cathedral has been 
made familiar, that society or some other will turn its attention to 
the antiquity of St. Mary de Lode Church, the destruction of old 
St. Catherine's, the incidents associated with our old Cross, 
and other subjects illustrating the intimate connection of our city 
with the history of the English nation. j Q. 

1109. CONTENTIONS BETWEEN THE CITIZENS OF GLOUCESTER 
AND THE MONKS OF ST. PETER'S ABBEY. The muniments of 
Gloucester Cathedral contain references to the early history of 
the city which are full of interest, but which have been over- 
looked by our historians. The events which I am about to relate 
are recorded in the MS. Eegister of John Newton, who was abbot 
of St. Peter's, 1510-1514. They may also be found in the intro- 
duction to the third volume of the History and Chartulary of the 
Monastery of St. Peter, Gloucester, published under the direction 
of the Master of the Eolls. 

On Monday in Whitsun-week in the 5th year of Henry VIII., 
that is to say, on May 16th, 1513, some burgesses of Gloucester, 
armed with swords, bucklers, and other weapons, to the number of 
thirty persons and above, proceeded to a certain ground of the 
abbot, probably that part of Oxlease lying on the south of the Over 
causeway, which was known as Prestham and Noonham, and with 
force and riot drove out the abbot's cattle which were pasturing 
there. On Wednesday, the 18th, sixty of the burgesses, amongst 
whom were Robert Webb, John Whitingham, Lewys Barbour, 
Robart Hyntone, William Wythur, William Edwardes, Harry 
Whytingham, Richard Tumour, sadler, Thomas Mathew, tailor, and 
Thomas Cornishe, entered the house of John Barbour, the abbot's 
servant, by the windows as well as the doors, pulled down and 
broke in pieces his barber's basins, and threw away his wax and 
tapers. Robert Colier, another servant of the abbot, happened to 
be in Barbour's shop, and, I suppose, expostulated with the 
rioters, for they attacked him with swords, bucklers, bills, and 
staves, and sorely wounded and evil entreated him, " contrary to 
the king's peace." On Thursday, the 19th, the burgesses, with the 
approval and assistance of the mayor, Thomas Taylowe, to the 
number of one hundred and forty, proceeded with staves, knives, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 131 

shovels, " spitils," and mattocks, to the abbot's pasture, outside the 
Westgate, and there dug a trench eight feet wide, ten feet deep, 
and a hundred perches long, "going furth in the morning and 
comyng home at nyght with taburs and hornys blowing and piping, 
and also sett barels of ale at the High Crosse, there drinking and 
eting with grete shoutes and cryes in maner of tryumphe, and so 
contynued till the Fryday nyght then next foloing." On the same 
Thursday, about midnight, Robart Webb, Leonard Osburne, Thomas 
Cornishe, Lewys Barbour, John Whytingham, Robart Hynton, 
William Patrike, and John Yorke, with many others, armed with 
"jackes, salettes, bowes and arowes, swordes, and bucklers in 
maner of warr arraed," attacked Richard Frenshe, one of the abbot's 
servants, " then being sworne in the kinge's wache." and so sorely 
wounded him that his life was for a long time despaired of. 

Such was the charge laid against the mayor and burgesses by the 
abbot before the king and his council. 

On June 9th following, the king, by a mandate signed at 
Greenwich under his privy seal, reprimanded the mayor, aldermen, 
and sheriffs of Gloucester for permitting these riots, and suffering 
the rioters to go unpunished, and commanded them to try and 
imprison the offenders. A certificate of the same was to be 
forwarded to the Court of Chancery by the 20th of the month. 
With regard to the controversy between the burgesses and the 
abbot touching common rights, the king ordered that ancient 
customs should be observed ; and that if any fresh difficulties 
arose, the parties should appear in the Star Chamber at Westminster 
before the chancellor of England. 

This mandate was delivered to the mayor on the 17th of June. 
On the following day, he and certain of the burgesses proceeded to 
the abbot's pasture, drove away three horses belonging to the abbey 
tenants of Maysmore, and impounded them for a day and a night. 
On the 19th the mayor and certain burgesses went to the same 
pasture, and drove away the sheep of the abbey tenants, impounding 
them, and keeping them without food for thirty-one hours. On 
the 21st the mayor and burgesses went to the same common pasture, 
and impounded one of the abbot's oxen for two days and a night. 
On July llth they drove out all the sheep they found there and 
in an adjoining field. On the 14th they took possession of two 
mare colts they found there, and marked them as strayers out of 
the hundred of Dudstone. On the 16th certain of the burgesses 
drove horses and cows into the abbot's pasture, adjoining St. Bar- 
tholomew's hospital, called Archdeacon's-mede, which at the time 
was standing full of cocks of hay, ready to be carried. Thereupon 
the abbot's hayward drove them towards the Westgate, with a view 
to turning them out on the common land beyond the bridge, but 
John Dodde, a burgess, shut the gate against him and threatened 
his life. Then the hayward drove the horses and cattle through 
the town to the Barton bridge, which I suppose spanned the 



132 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Twyver, with a view to driving them into the abbot's pasture, or 
pynfold' called King's Barton, beyond the boundaries of the town ; 
but Richard Metcalf, a burgess, stood on the bridge and forbad 
their passage. And on the night following, the burgesses drove 
into Archdeacon's-mede twenty horses and more, and kept them 
there by force among the hay, the king's judges being present to 
witness the act. 

Notwithstanding this disregard of the king's mandate, the abbot 
does not seem to have taken further proceedings at .law against the 
mayor and burgesses. Probably he was aware that a suit in the 
Star Chamber would ruin him as well as his opponents. It was 
therefore arranged between him and the burgesses that Bichard, 
abbot of Winchcomb, and Edmund, prior of Llanthony, should 
act as arbitrators. Their award was given at Llanthony Priory 
on the 27th of October, 1515, and was signed by the abbot, by 
Thomas Taylowe, mayor, and by William Cole, John Coke, 
William Hanshawe, John Hatton, Thomas Hertland, William 
Goldsmith, and Ralph Sankey, aldermen, as binding for the future 
on all parties. It referred to the claims of the burgesses of 
common pasture in " Oxlesowe, oderwise Noonham, in Presham, 
Pullemede, Comynham, Meanham, and Archedecons lesowe," 
belonging to St. Peter's Abbey, and ordered that the ditch, made 
by the mayor and burgesses, should be filled in before the feast of 
St. Andrew, November 30th. The burgesses were to enjoy all 
their ancient rights of common pasture, and the abbot's kitchener 
and other officers were under no circumstances to overcrowd the 
meadows with beasts, to the injury or inconvenience of the burgesses. 

I am afraid that disputes between the Benedictine monks, with 
the powerful abbot at their head, and the burgesses of Gloucester, 
were by no means uncommon occurrences. It was but natural that 
there should be disputes where two rival and independent powers 
existed in the same town. The monks, by a series of grants from 
their sovereigns, and from the earls of Gloucester and Hereford, had 
obtained rights within the jurisdiction of the mayor and aldermen 
of Gloucester, that were unfair to the inhabitants. 

As early as 1022, in the very year that Canute substituted 
regular Benedictine monks for secular canons in the abbey of 
St. Peter, there was a riot, in which the followers of Wolphin le Rue, 
portreve of Gloucester and a powerful nobleman, attacked and 
murdered seven of the new-comers. This murder was only atoned 
for by the pilgrimage of Wolphin to Rome, and the grant of that 
nobleman's manors of Churcham and Highnam to the abbey, for 
the perpetual maintenance of seven monks. 

In 1100-1112 Henry 1 made a grant to St. Peter's of the 
royal manor of Maysmore, with all rights of wood, common, and 
fisheries, for the good of the souls of his father and mother, his 
brother William, himself, and his queen Matilda. In 1154 Roger, 
Earl of Hereford, and his brother Walter, with the assent of their 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 133 

brother Henry, restored to Hammeline, abbot of St. Peter's, the 
meadow called Nuneham, of which they had unjustly deprived the 
monks, and also acknowledged their rights in the meadow called 
Presthamme. The boundary of Nuneham is said to be a great 
ditch, which Milo, their father, the great earl of Hereford, made. 
Such a ditch appears in Speed's map, c. 1600, as dividing the 
Castle mead from Oxlease. I do not know how the burgesses 
obtained rights of common on the Over meadows; but I can 
believe that they possessed them from the earliest times. I find, 
however, in 1236 an attempt on the part of the monks to dispute 
the right on their lands. In that year all the principal inhabitants 
of Gloucester were summoned to show by what right they laid 
claim to common pasturage on the land of the abbot in Maysmore, 
as the abbot had no such common pasturage on the land belonging 
to the burgesses. 

About the year 1246 there were serious disputes between the 
bailiffs of Gloucester and the monks, concerning the exemptions 
from toll which the monks claimed under royal charter. 

The bailiffs being naturally jealous that the cattle and goods of 
the abbey should pass in and out through the gates, and be sold in 
the markets free, levied a distress on the abbot and his men, and 
proceedings were taken in a court of law. William de Sumery and 
Thomas de Evesham, bailiffs of Gloucester, were summoned to 
answer the abbot for having exacted toll from his men, namely, for 
every horse bought or sold in the market twopence, for every ox 
one penny, and for every quarter of corn one penny. The abbot 
proffered in evidence royal charters of exemption from toll - } and 
the bailiffs asserted that they were seized of the toll, as they held 
the town of Gloucester as a royal grant. There appears to have 
been no verdict. 

This right of exemption from toll was claimed by the monks of 
St. Peter's, Gloucester, in the towns of Bristol, Cardiff, and 
Newport. 

The attack on the abbot's barber in 1513 must have been 
intended as a direct insult to the abbot himself. The barber of 
those days was a person of great importance. John Barbour not 
only shaved the chin of his lord, and told him all the gossip 
of the town, but was his surgeon and medical adviser. In 
addition to this it would seem he had the monopoly of selling the 
wax images and tapers with which pious visitors to the shrines 
within St. Peter's were wont to provide themselves before entering 
the sacred precincts. The destruction of the wax and the tapers 
reads like an earnest of the iconoclasm which some thirty years 
later turned the Lady chapel, with its reredos of almost unequalled 
beauty, into the scene of desolation that it now presents. 

The cool disregard which the citizens showed for the royal 
mandate leads one to think that they were very sanguine as to the 
justice of their cause, that they had powerful friends at court, or 



134 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

that it was ever the nature of Gloucester men to disregard conse- 
quences when the rights of the burgesses were at stake. Their 
grandfathers had dared to close the gates against Edward I. when 
prince, and against Queen Margaret at the head of a powerful army. 
Their grandsons would not hesitate to shut them in the face of 
Charles I, and to defend the city against his beleaguering forces. 

It was well for Gloucester, perhaps, that Henry VIII. was still 
a youth. Had they dared to disregard his mandate when Wolsey 
or Cromwell was his minister, not all their inherent courage would 
have saved the mayor's head from adorning the Westgate, and the 
necks of his aldermen from feeling the hangman's rope. 

Matson Bectory, Gloucester. WILLIAM BAZBLEY, M. A. 

1110. EECENT DISCOVERIES NEAR PEN PARK. The following 
paragraph from the Bristol Times and Mirror, May 5, 1883, is 
worthy of preservation in a more convenient form : With reference 
to the finding of a funnel-shaped cave, containing bones of animals, 
and supposed to be connected with the famous Pen Park hole, we 
learn that the first discovery of bones was made by one of the 
workmen about a month ago, and since then they have from time 
to time come across more bones of divers shapes and sizes, and 
some of them so smooth and hard as to resemble ivory. The 
quarry is a very old one, but the portion of it in which the 
discovery was made had never been worked until about seven years 
ago. The quarrymen will not penetrate the hole any further, and 
therefore if the discovery is to be followed up, further exploration 
must be the result of private enterprise. The discovery is certainly 
a most interesting one, and it would seem that a wide field for 
geological research is thus opened up. The following account of 
Pen Park hole, which we take from Mathews' Bristol Guide (4th 
ed., 1815), p. 224, will doubtless interest many of our readers : 
" Pen Park hole, 5 miles north-west from Bristol, a tremendous 
abyss, by some reported to be unfathomable, and by others to be about 
300 feet deep : noticed by various authors, and in the Philosophical 
Transactions. It is situated in the corner of a field, and inclosed 
with a hedge to prevent accidents fatal to men and beasts. The 
ground about the entrances into it is uneven, and so overgrown 
with shrubs and bushes that those who go to see it should either 
take a guide, or be extremely cautious in their motions and footing. 
The principal hole is dangerous to approach, and terrible to behold; 
a little below the entrance appears an impending rock, and all the 
rest is frightful gloom. People throw stones into it, which are 
heard for some time dashing against rocks, and at last plunging into 
water. On the 17th of March, 1775, the Rev. Mr. [Thos.] Newnharn, 
one of the [minor] canons of the cathedral of Bristol, with a gentleman 
and two ladies, one of them his sister and the other the object of 
his affection, went to explore the depth of this horrible . cavity. 
Mr. N. lowered a line, and being near to the dark aperture, that he 
might be safer, laid hold of a twig pertaining to the root of an 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 135 

ashen tree which grew over the mouth of it. But, his foot 
slipping, the twig broke, and he was precipitated into this yawning, 
black, and dreadful gulf in the sight of his astonished and almost 
petrified friends. That morning he had officiated at Clifton church, 
and read Psalm the 88th, in which are these words, so descriptive 
of his catastrophe : 'Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in a place 
of darkness, and in the deep.' After this shocking accident so 
many people went from Bristol to see this hole that the place about 
it was like a fair. Vehicles for descending were contrived, and 
some went down daily to search for the body, which was found 39 
days after, floating on the water." Q A. W. 

1111. CAPTAIN HENRY SKILLICORNE, OF CHELTENHAM. In 
the Manx Note Book, No. i. (January, 1885), pp. 21, 22, under 
the head of "Manx Worthies," the following particulars of the 
above-named have appeared : " Henry Skillicorne was born in the 
parish of Lonan, in the year 1678. He went to sea when twenty 
years old, and rapidly rose to the rank of captain. He commanded 
several of the finest vessels sailing from Bristol, and, during a sea- 
life of forty years, acquired considerable wealth. He gave .20 to 
the fund for building the new church at Lonan, ' out of respect to 
the place of his nativity.' (Feltham's Tour, p. 216.) John Allen, 
the curate of the parish, writes to him in 1733 : 'I hope you will 
pardon us for mentioning yo r name in the Act of Tynwald, as 
being our great benefactor in so freely giving such a considerable 
sum to this good and charitable work, w ch we thought fit to insert 
to continue a lasting witness and record of yo r generous temper 
and truly charitable and public spirit.' (Statute Law Book, ed. 
1841, p. 215.) The total cost of building both the parish church 
and the vicarage was only .124. Captain Skillicorne was an 
intimate friend of Bishop Wilson's, as their correspondence shows. 
He left the sea in 1738, and settled at Cheltenham, where, 
'becoming proprietor of the spring and premises in right of his 
wife [Elizabeth, daughter of Mr. William Mason, of Cheltenham], 
he soon discovered its medicinal qualities, and ' brought this most 
salutary water to just estimation and extensive use.' (Dugdale's 
England and Wales Delineated.) He was, in fact, the founder of 
Cheltenham as a watering-place. He was buried in the old church 
there on the 18th of October, 1763. According to his curious 
epitaph, which is long enough to occupy three pages of this 
magazine, ' he was an excellent seaman, of tryed courage . . . 

and could do business in seven languages He was of 

great regularity, and so temperate as never to have been once 
intoxicated. Keligious without hypocrisy, grave without austerity, 
of a cheerful conversation without levity, a kind husband and 
tender father, tall, erect, robust, and active. ... He lived 
and dyed an honest man.' "* 

* In the churchyard of Abbots-Leigh, near Bristol, we may find these lines : 
" This stone can say what few stones can, 
It covers the bones of an honest man." 



136 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

In Norman's History of Cheltenham, by Goding (1863), pp. 
124-130, there is an article headed " The Skillicorne Family," which 
furnishes some interesting particulars. It comprises a copy (but 
not strictly accurate) of the long inscription in the parish church 
to the memory of Captain Skillicorne. A literal transcript has 
more recently appeared in Howard's Miscellanea Genealogica et 
Heraldica, KS., vol. ii., p. 413, and in Monumental Inscriptions in 
the Parish Church of Cheltenham (privately printed, London, 
1877), pp. 16, 17. See also ante, vol. i., p. 255. CHELTONIENSIS. 

1112. SUDELEY CASTLE IN 1642. The following details are from 
Mercurius Rmticus ; or, The Countries Complaint (London, 1685), 
pp. 67, 68: On the 28 of January, 1642, the Castle of Sudely, 
upon composition, was delivered up to the rebels; there were 
articles agreed on and sworn to, but as he spake truly, Children 
were deceived with apples, and men with oaths ; the rebels as they 
swear to articles for their advantage, so they break them as easily 
for their advantage, and make perjury an easie uninterrupted 
passage to theft and robbery, for these rebels brake as many articles 
as they swore unto : they plunder not only the Castle, the seat and 
house of the Lord Chandois, and Winchcombe, a neighbouring 
village, to the utter undoing the poor inhabitants, but in defence of 
the Protestant religion, and vindication of the honour of God, they 
profane His house. There is in the Castle a goodly fair church, 
here they dig up the graves, and disturb the ashes of the dead : 
they break down the ancient monuments of the Chandoses, and 
instead thereof, leave a prodigious monument of their sacrilegious 
profaneness : for each part of the church they find a peculiar way 
to profane it : the lower part of it they make their stable, the 
chancel their slaughter-house. Unto the pulpit (which of all other 
places in probability might have escaped their impiety) they fasten 
pegs to hang the carcasses of the slaughtered sheep : the communion- 
table, according to their own language, they make their dresser or 
chopping-board to cut out their meat : into the vault, wherein lay 
the bodies of the Chandoses, an ancient and honourable family, 
they cast the guts and garbage ; mingling the loathsome intrals of 
beasts with those bones and ashes which did there rest in hope 
of a joyful resurrection. The nave or body of the church was all 
covered with the dung and blood of beasts : and which was (if it be 
possible) a degree beyond these profanations, in contempt of God 
and His holy temple, they defile each part and corner both of 
church and chancel with their own excrements ; and going away, 
left nothing behind them in the church (besides walls and seats) 
but a stinking memory, that part of the parliament army raised for 
the defence of religion, had been there. Let that railing Eabshekah, 
or jeering Sanballet, I mean the author of the ridiculous pamphlet, 
intituled One Argument more against the Cavaliers, read this story, 
and then tell me which are most guilty of prophanation of churches, 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 137 

the Cavaliers or the Round-heads ; which were most profaned, 
either St. Mary Maudlins in Oxford, or the church at Sudely 
Castle : and yet this dog sticks with Shimei to bark at his sovereign 
and blaspheme his piety, as if the rebels brought from Cyrencester 
had been quartered in this church by his approbation, who, to 
expiate that guilt, gave an hundred and fifty pounds to adorn and 
beautifie that church. The truth is, there was a fault in the com- 
manders for lodging them in churches, who, if they had had their 
due, had been hanged for rebellion, their carcasses exposed to the 
fowls of the air, and the beasts of the field, that the ravens of the 
valleys might have had their due portion, and never suffered them 
to come so near the church, as to have the priviledge of Christian 
burial in the churchyard. So, even so, let all the Kings enemies 
perish, Lord, and let all the people say Amen. CLERICUS 

1113. THE DESTRUCTION OF OLVESTON CHURCH SPIRE. 
Rudder, in his Gloucestershire (1779), p. 588, writing of the 
church of Olveston, states that " the spire which stood upon it 
[the low pinnacled tower], was thrown down by lightning in the 
year 1603 [1605];" but in Atkyns' folio (1712) no mention is 
made of the occurrence, the writer merely telling us that " the 
church had a low tower in the middle, with pinnacles." The 
destruction of the spire had, however, been duly recorded, inasmuch 
as there is an old black-letter tract, dated 1606, and entitled 
Fearful News of Thunder and Lightening with terrible effects, which 
Almighty God sent on a place called Olveston, in the county of 
Gloucester, the 28th of November, 1605. Truly related by P.S. 
The writer, it is said, was schoolmaster at Olveston at the time the 
accident occurred, and the tract is believed to be excessively scarce. 
The following particulars will, we doubt not, ber acceptable to 
many : 

" First therefore where a report is to be made of an action been, 
the time and place are of no small moment for the evidence of the 
matter. The time, therefore, was on a Thursday, being the 28th 
day of November last, about a month after the aforesaid fearful 
naming of the heavens and most horrid treason complotted and 
defeated. The place was Olveston, in the county of Gloucester, 
some eight miles from the famous citie of Bristol and two miles 
from Aust, which is well known in regard of the often transpor- 
tation and passage there over the river Severn. The morning of 
the aforesaid day being lowering and sad did yet, a little after 
eight, begin to smile and look somewhat cheerful to the east. 
Before nine there came up a strong wind from the west, bringing 
up a most dark mantle that overspread the whole heavens, as if the 
sun upon some sudden fear retired again and lost itself under our 
horizon, giving place to dark night to wrap all things in her black 
mourning robe, so dark and black was it, that but for the note of 
the time it was hard to judge whether it were day or night, yet 



138 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

after half an hour or so this black mass was again taken off, and 
the heavens began to smooth and clear their countenance, the sun 
sendin^ from the south his golden rays for an hour and a 
half which the north disdaining with a most scornful sneer, 
thinking itself wronged as the west did before, and terribly 
menacing the south, notwithstanding the wind stood between them 
with a most terrible and ugly visage. Neither was it satisfied with 
threatening looks, but her fearful forces came on amain, admitting 
yet between the sun a short pale made known by a goodly and 
beautiful rainbow. The sight whereof did not a little comfort me, 
notwithstanding the following face of the heavens, and otherwise 
portend some fearful event, for beholding the world's ^ Sacrament. 
I remembered not only that covenant of God, which it doth seal 
unto, but His other covenant made with us in Christ, whereby He 
hath' bound Himself, and that with an oath, to be our God, and we 
(even as many of us as by faith apprehend the force and fruit of it) 
to be His people, and that therefore through east and west, north 
and south, heaven and earth should be humbled and tumbled 
together; yet the anchor of our hope and happiness being cast 
wilhin the vail and founded on Christ the immovable rock could 
not fail, nor deceive, nor be deceived. With this or the like 
meditation, I past from under the canopy of the open heavens 
under the roof of the house, where after a very little while being 
set at dinner, the terrible darkness that was in the north so 
gathered on the south that it became very dark, considering the 
time of the day and the clearer light that was but a little before. 
But the thick clouds had indeed their burden, whereof they hasted 
to be eased (for down falleth with a boisterous winde a very 
plentiful haile with the abundance) for it was better than half a 
foot thick on the ground everywhere. After the tempest, which 
lasted a quarter of an hour, and the winde made a very terrible 
rattle, which was accompanied with fearful flashes of lightening 
and soon three or four claps of thunder louder than ordinary. 
Whereof I took occasion to talk to the gentlewoman of the house 
and her young plants which (being five sons with the son of a 
friend) sat at table with us to this effect. That the atheists of the 
world, and such as did not know, acknowledge, and fear God had 
great cause to be terrified and to tremble at such terrors of His ; 
but such as did truly fear God, they need not be appalled or 
dismayed at it, considering they know it came from God their 
gracious Father in Jesus Christ. She reply eth with a remembrance 
of the day of judgment, that if this then how much more terrible 
would be the day of the Lord unto such as did not know God in 
Christ and in Him had a feeling of His fatherly love. In the 
midst of our talk behold there flameth in a wonderful flash of 
lightening, seconded with as horrible a report of extraordinary 
thunder as I think any man living hath heard. It was not as the 
manner is of thunder, a rattling and rumbling noise drawn in 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 139 

length, but as if a thousand tun weight of it making a most 
inexplicable and unspeakable thumps and bounce to them that are 
under it. Such was the furious and fearful report of this terrible 
clap of thunder, wherewith according to the infirmity of this 
corrupt flesh I was touched, but not without assured hope in God. 
The table being taken up and God for His mercies praised, I betook 
me even upon 12 o'clock to my school, where finding scholars 
amazed at what had passed, I put them in mind of what I had 
spoken in the morning. But in the middle of my speech I heard 
the bells knoll extraordinarily, and* sending out to inquire he 
presently returned answer, ' The steeple is on fire.' So concluding 
abruptly and passing forth of doors, I saw it was no false report of 
a fained fire. 

" For behold the force of God's terrible voice had shaken, rifted 
and rent the tower of stone, whereon the spire of lead of great 
height stood toward the west, from the rest of the battlement, 
almost to the roof of the church. And as it appeared afterward 
all the west end of the church was likewise stricken, which was so 
much the more to be wondered at, at it being crushed in divers 
places as a rotten apple; if it was only so done within and no 
appearance of it without : and of three glass windows that stand 
in that end, not one of them was hurt by it either in the glass or 
lights. Albeit the walls were shaken both above and under them, 
the stronger being hurt and the weaker escaping harmless. And 
although this thundering voice of Almighty God did nowhere else 
so terrible an effect as on and in the church, yet without the church 
in the field and in houses near an extraordinary proof of His 
power, not without His mercy, was sensibly felt by divers, whom 
it cast hither and thither, and some down, but hurt neither man, 
woman, or child, nor any living creature. As this was the effect of 
the terrible thunder, so His fearful fire (the lightening I mean) had 
fired the steeple about three quarters of a yard beneath the face of 
the bar, whereon the weathercock perched, did within the space of 
2 hours burn, consume, and throw down all the timber, lead, and 
iron that were on the top of the steeple to the tower of stone, and 
in other three hours did burn to the ground, melt, and cast down 
with an irrisistible force all the soft timber, stocks, and wheels of 
fine, very tunable, but often abused bells. The clock, which before 
had lost us precious time, was likewise silenced. The chancel 
through which the firebrands which fell from the steeple was fired 
and defaced, as it was probable the church would have been, but 
that the wind being from the west carried the fire to the chancel 
and from the church, and but for men fearing that the rage of the 
fire would burn the church (as it had done the steeple) ript up and 
cast out almost all the seats, and uncovered the aisles of the church, 
it had little harm. The minister's house, which stood so under the 
mercy of the fire and the wind that a thousand flashes of fire 
might be seen to light among his wood, on his hay and corn mows, 



140 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

and whatever was about his house, and so gracious was God that 
the fire itself did him not five pennyworth of harm." 

An examination of the parish books of the period might throw 
some light upon the matter. Mr. T. H. Baker has not referred to 
it in his recent Records of the Seasons, etc. j ^ 

1114. SOME OF THE CLERGY AND THE EEVOLUTION OP 1688. 

The following names are taken from Memoirs of the Life of 

Mr. John Kettlewell, Vicar of Coles-Hill, in Warwickshire (London, 
MDCCXVIIL), appendix, pp. xiii., xix., in which they appear 
under this heading, " A List of several of the Clergy, and Others in 
the Yniversities of Oxford and Cambridge, who were thought not 
to Qualify themselves upon the Revolution" : 

Bristol. 
Mr. Elisha Sage. 

Mr. Burgess. 

Mr.- Edwards. 

Mr. Flood, Vicar of Halstock. 

Besides Mr. Hart, a Prebendary of Wells. 

Gloucester. 

Dr. Robert Frampton, Bishop of Gloucester. 
Dr. Thomas Baily, Rector of Slimbridge, formerly Fellow of 
St. Mary Magdalen's College in Oxford. 

Mr. Humphrey Gervaise, of . 

Mr. James Kirkham, Rector of Wickwan [Wickwar]. d. 
Mr. William Robinson [? Robson], Vicar of Stonehouse. 
Mr. Richard Saffyn, Vicar of Berkley. 
Mr. Perkins, Curate of , Penitent* C T D 

1115. GEORGE WEST, INCUMBENT OF WICKWAR, 1515. (See 
No. 963.) I send you the following additional extract from the 
diocesan registry at Worcester : 1515. Feb., or March, 18. 
George West, clerk, instituted to the par. church of Wykwar, 
vacant by the death of the last incumbent; presented by Sir Thomas 
West, knt., lord de Lawarr. THOMAS P. WADLEY. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. 

1116. A CENSORSHIP OF THE PRESS RECOMMENDED BY A BRISTOL 
JURY. As mentioned by Mr. George Roberts, in his Social History 
of the People of the Southern Counties of England in past 
Centuries (London, 1856), p. 188, the grand jury of Bristol, in the 
year 1681, recommended that no printed or written news or 
pamphlet be suffered to be read in any coffee-house or tippling- 
house in that city, except such as had been first shown to 
Mr. Mayor or the alderman of the ward for the time being where 

" A F rm for Admissi n f 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 141 

such coffee-house was situate. Sundry coffee-houses had been 
noticed, which were described in this strong language. They were 
said to be commonly frequented, as well on Lord's days as other 
days, by many schismatical and seditious sectaries and other dis- 
loyal persons, where, for their encouragement in tippling, they were 
usually entertained with false news, lying and scandalous libels 
and pamphlets, tending to the reproach and dishonour of the estab- 
lished religion and of his Majesty's government, and divers of his 
great officers and ministers of state. 

We learn from this recommendation, that restrictions upon the 
liberty of the subject did not always emanate from kings and 
ruling powers, but sometimes from the governed themselves. A 
state must be prepared for liberty as well as for other developments 
which civilization gives rise to in the course of time. 

BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1117. PRISON LIFE IN GLOUCESTER A CENTURY AGO. Berrow's 
Worcester Journal of March 3, 1785, contains the following 
paragraph under the head of " Gloucester:" " Our gaol at this time 
exhibits a melancholy scene of wretchedness and profligacy beyond 
the example of any former period. One hundred and twenty 
unhappy creatures are there confined together, increasing, if 
possible, their own natural depravity. Shirts have been distributed 
to several who were naked, which were no sooner washed and hung 
up to dry than they have been stolen. The prisoners are locked up 
at night in a large apartment called the Main, with a chain run 
through each man's link. During the night they steal from each 
other shoes, buckles, bread, or anything which it is possible to 
conceal. In the box of an old Welsh woman, confined for horse- 
stealing, no less than seven or eight stolen shirts were discovered 
on Monday last, which she had bought at a low price. There is 
no separation for the sexes in the daytime. One of the women 
sentenced to a long confinement would be destitute of every 
necessary for her situation had not private beneficence placed a 
fund, for the relief of occasional distress, in the hands of an 
individual. In short, the inhabitants of this prison give a more 
affecting picture of the miseries entailed on mankind by the 
corruption of human nature than it is in the power of imagination 
to paint. From the precautions lately adopted the gaol is free 
from distemper." j Q 

HIS. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH EEGISTERS, No. VII. : 

QUEDGELEY. 

(Continued from No. 1072.) 

Marriages. 

1559. Dec. 2. Thomas Smith and Maude Huntt. 

1560. Nov. 21. John Window was wedded to Katryne Smartte. 
Feb. 1. -Thomas Hyett and Margaret Baylie. 



142 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1561. July 3. John Jennyns and Alys Barnes. 

1562.' May 28. Rob fc Taylor and Johan Smith. 

j u ]y 10. John Wycke and Johan Hunt. 

Aug. 8. Thomas Wyndowe and Johan Abelle. 

1563. May 27. Richard Smith and Elynor Paker. 

1564. Jan. 19. John Wawkeley and Annes Merye. 

1567. July 6. Robert Wyndowe and Jane Davys. 

1568. June 17. John Whytt and Alyce Byshop. 

July 16. Thomas Hiett and Margaret, his wife, on the 

24 th of August p buried]. 

1569. Aug. 18. Thomas Treves and Elizabeth Bakar. 

Oct. 16. John Wyndow and Francis [sic] Davis. 
Nov. 6. Edmunde Pridy and Elizabeth Davis. 

Nov. 7. Robert Hornedge and Johane Prychell. 
Dec. 6. John Smith and Margery Stephens. 
Jan. 21. John Prychell and Margaret Loker. 

1570. July 6. John Genyns and Jone Yaughan. 
Aug. 10. William Chew and Elizabeth Smith. 

Oct. 8. M r John Nychols and M rs Elinore Barrow 
were maryed. 

1571. Jan. 14. Walter Watkins and Marg* Watkins. 

1573. Nov. 16. Henry Partredge and Elizabeth Saunders. 

1574. Oct. 26. Thomas Tannye and Mary Windowe. 

1575. Jan. 21. Ansell Test and Joan Teynton. 

Jan. 23. Robert Davis and Elizabeth Roberts. 

1576. Feb. 6. Walter Byshop and Joan Watkins. 

1577. Aug. 1. William Harris, of Slymbridge, and Anes 

Wylkes. 

1578. Nov. 17. Richard Freeman, of Estow, and Margaret 

Wyndow, of Quedley. 
Nov. 29. William Wick and Alse Botley. 

1579. May 23. Arnold Allen and Joan Wick. 
June 1. Thomas Warkeman and Alse Davis. 

John Wrynch and Alse Jeffreis. 
July 2. Walter Hawkins and Jane Leach. 
Oct. 5. Philip Parnell (or Rannell) and Joan Myriman. 
Dec. 21. Richard Windowe and Isabel Davis. 

1581. July 17. Thomas Smith, of Quedsley, and Alice Hunt, 

of Minsterworth. 

Feb. 26. Thomas Viner, of Sarnie [Cerney], and Agnes 
Harris, of Quedsley, Widow. 

1582. July 9. John Nash, of Ellmore, and Katherine 

Watkins. 

i KO?" July 22 ' Tllom as Davies and Doritee Gripes. 
1584. Nov. 23. Anthony Nicolsone and Elizabeth Hewes. 
."" Jan - 25. Humphry Windyod and Alice Brian. 
}2 Nov - 26. William Brocke and Johan Gilbert. 
1587. Oct. 18. Thomas Birte and Anna Adams. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 143 

1589. Mar. 2. Arnold Allen and Johan Stevens. 

1590. Aug. 3. Ralph Appowell and Alice Wicke. 

Feb. 8. John Thaier and Jane Watkins. 

1591. June 26. Edward "Watkins and Johan Hunt. 

July 15. John Hunt and Elizab. "Wyndowe. 

Jan. 17. Joseph Parker and Margaret Smith. 

1592. Oct. 30. Frances [sic] Merriman and Johan Gennings. 

1593. July 2. Gyles Spenser and Alice Alridge. 

July 29. Thomas Peynter and Elizabeth Bishop, alias 

Tomkyns. 

1594. June 27. Ry chard Wyndowe and Margerie Wilckings. 

1595. June 16. Richard Norton and Anne Whitte. 

Sept. 7. Xtopher Gennings and Ann Roune, of city of 

Gloucester. 

1597. July 23. John Hunt and Margaret Smith. 

1598. July 17. Giles Thayere and Katherine Bushoppe. 

July 20. Richard Jones, of City of Gloucester, and 

Elizabeth Diswell, then of Queedisley. 

Nov. 2. William Jaye and Margaret Tuckwell. 

1599. June 9. Lewes Harries and Elizabeth Jeffe. 

1600. June 9. Walter Gardener and Marg* Jenninges. 

Oct. 9. Thomas Tainton, of Minchinhampton, and 

Elizabeth Went, of this parish. 

Feb. 1. Walter Blanch, of Esington [Eastington], and 

Elizabeth Watkins, of this Parish. 



1601. , J Richard Nurse and Joane Watkins. 
last day. ) 

June 22. Arnolde Alen and Alice Smith. 

Jan. 18. John Smith, the younger, and Margery Watts. 

1602. April 17. Thomas White and Johane Brooke. 
Dec. 4. Robert Croker and Selble p] Pridie. 

1604. June 7. John Woodward, of S* Ewens, GL, and Jone 
Jelffe. 

1606. May 8. William Druett, of S fc Maries, GL, and Marg* 

Holyday. 

July 7. Walter Pace and Elizabeth Jennings. 

July 26. Arnold Allen and Joane Yenne. 

Jan ^ last 1 Jenken Jones and Dorothye Smith. 

1607. Sept. 26. Samuel Goofe and Joan Nurse. 

Dec. 3. John Clissold and Ann Simes. 

Feb. 8. Alexander Paine and Joan Harris, d. of 

William Harris and Kath : his wife. 

1608. Feb. 9. Walter Cooke and Mary Smith. 

1609. July 6. George Watkins and Anne Clissold. 

Jan. 27. Thomas Jennings and Anne Rice. 

1610. May 14. Giles Tawnie and Joan Davys. 

June 18. Xtopher Window and Ellinor Nicholson. 






144 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1610. July 25. Giles Bishop and Bridget Twining. 

Aug. 6. John Barnard and Elizabeth Davis. 

Sept. 1. Griffin Williams and Isbell Harrys. 

Jan., last j George wittcombe and Ann Harrys. 

1611. April 4. Richard To wnsend and Marg* Evans. 
May 20. Anselni Test and Alice Wooles. 

1612. Sept. 21. Richard Window, of Putlay, and Bridget 

Bishop. 

1613. Oct. 2. Eobard Tyler and Katherine Broucke. 

Feb. 14. Jenken Jinkings, of Wootten, and Marg* 
Wyndow, Widdowe. 

1614. July 3. John Brothers and Alice Skiner, of Gl. 

Nov. 14. Henry Nicholson and Alice Rice. 

1615. Nov. 9. Rowland Davis and Elnore Smith. 

1616. April 23. John Austen and Katherine Harris. 

April 28. Humfrie Went and Alis Smith. 
Jan. 17. William Perrey and Anne Payne. 

1617. Aug. 23. William Blunte and Elizabeth Harris, widow. 

Oct. 6. Thomas Manson and Elizabeth Merrit, widow. 

Nov. 3. John Perrin and Alyce By shop. 
Dec. 22. John Burford and Agnes Philpotes. 

1618. June 1. John Twining and Joan Nurse. 
Feb. 6. John Rice and Mary Ricketes. 

1619. July 4. John Coules and Anna Walklye. 

Dec. 14. Henry Shappalerouse and Frances Window. 

Dec. 30. Henry Robins and Elizab. Tompkins. 

1621. May 28. William Smith, Vicer [sic] of Came [1618-29], 

and Miriam Sell. 

May 29. Thomas Genninges and Alice Lowe. 

Aug. 29. Edmonde Niblet and Judith Colstone. 

1622. Oct. 14. Thomas Parsons and Alice Test. 

Oct. 21. Thomas Philipes and Ann Marchant. 

1623. July 19. Thomas Walter and Elizab. Dancer. 
Aug. 2. John Hoskyns and Alice Hanman. 
Oct. 23. Thomas Heath and Elizabeth Joanes. 

1624. April 20. John Clissold and Ann Watkins. 

1625. Sept. 25. William Bradford and Elizab. Freame. 

Jan. 19. William, son of W m Wyndow, and Elizab. 
Bennett. 

1626. May 14. Edmund Cowells and Mary Cooke. 

1627. July 19. Rowland Davies and Ann Harries. 
Aug. 3. John Pace and Elizab. Ffrier. 

Feb. 23. Thomas Mayoe and Elizabeth, d. of William 
Wyman. 

1628. April 14. Moses Gunn, of Fframpton, and Mary Ho wman. 
629. Jan. 17. Thomas Wyndow and Jane Bradston. 

May 5. Richard Window and Elizabeth Innells. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 145 

1630. Feb. 16. Edmund Withington and Ann Moulton. 

1632. Nov. 29. John Berrow, Esq re , and Mary Hastings. 

1633. May 6. Henry Wyndow and Dorothy Crowes. 

1634. April 14. John Verneham and Margaret Hobb. 

June 9. Thomas Merry man and Jane Nash. 

1635. Oct. 25. Anthony Lugge and Jane Venn. 

1636. April 28. Giles Smart and Ann Harries. 

Aug. 27. Henry Gostlett and Jane Moxeley. 

Sept. 8. William Braune and Ann Hunt. 

1637. Oct. 23. Lewes Harries and Elizab. Organ. 

Jan. 21. Robert Moxley and Elizab. Morse. 

1640. June 11. Edward Jackson and Elizabeth Moxley. 
Oct. 20. William Venn and Ann Hall. 

Feb. 4. William Venn and Ann Watkins. 

Feb. 25. Thomas Wyman and Dorathy Symons. 

Mar. 2. Richard Harries and Jane Alleyne. 

1641. May 24. By Lecinse, Tho 8 More, of Barckley, and 

Mary Webster, of Mangotsfield. 

Aug. 16. John Smith and Bridget Window. 

Dec. 26. John Allane and Jane Morgan. 

1663. May 28. Joseph Bower, of Stonehouse, and Sibella 
Kingston, of Quedgeley. 

Nov. 2. John Chewe and Rebeckah Horwood, both of 

the City of Gl. 

1666. Feb. 25. John Rowles and Mary Morgan. 
1693. Dec. 3. William Fisher and Mary Hay ward, of 

Harescome. 
1696. Sept. 9. Robert Molineux, of Wolverhampton, Staff:, 

and Elizabeth ffounes, of the City of GL, 

widow. 

1700. Sept. 24. Allanus Clyffe et Elizabetha Hay ward. 
1711. July 15. Thomas Barrow, of Hardwicke, and Anna 

[(? Amie), dau. of William] Hayward, of 

[Woolstrop,] Quedgeley. 

Aug. 26. Cartwright Madocke, of Little S* Marys of the 

Crypt, GL, and Hanna By water, of the same. 

1723. June 8. Richard Millechamp, of Barrow, in Salop, 

and Margaret Lane, of Elmore. 

Sept. 26. Thomas Winstone, of Oldbury, in Par. of 
Stapleton, in County of GL, and Albinia 
Hayward, of Quedgley. 

1724. Thomas Rogers, Paro'se S fci Gregorii, London, et Anna 

Johnson, Paro'ae S u Martini in Campis, 
nupti fuerunt in Capella Regia S ct f Jacobi, 
Mali die quarto. 

1733. July 6. Rowland Turner, of Callow, in Worcestersh., 
and Anne Laurence, of Hardwick, in the 
Diocese of Gloucester. 

VOL. III. L 



146 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1737. Dec. 22. The Kev d M r Thomas Savage, Vicar of 

Standish [eldest son and heir of George 
Savage, of Broadway, Worcestershire], and 
Elenor Barrow, of the City of Gloster 
[only dau. and heiress of Thomas and 
Amie Barrow, of Field Court]. 

1738. April 2. Kichard Esquire and Agatha Roberts. 
1753. Oct. 22. John Finch and Susannah Hiett. 

(To be continued.) 

1119. THE EEV. HENRY FOWLER, EECTOR OF MINCHINHAMPTON, 
1643. The following details are from Mercurius Rusticus ; or, 
The Countries Complaint* (London, 1685), pp. 180-184 : On 
New-years day, 1643, seventeen soldiers, sent by Captain Jeremy 
Buck, came to Mr. Henry Fowlers house, parson of Minchin- 
Hampton, in the county of Gloucester; being entred the house, 
they find Mr. Fowler sitting (as the season of the year required) 
by the fire-side, presently they seize on him, and tell him, that he 
is their prisoner : and though he instantly submitted unto them 
without any the least resistance, yet to wreck their own malice, and 
the malice of him that sent them, upon him, one of the rebels 
takes him by the throat, and holds the point of his sword at his 
breast, two more (on each side one) present their pistols at him, 
another shakes his pole-axe over his head, others strike him with 
their pole-axes ; threatned he is on every side with varieties of death. 
All smite him with the tongue, they rail at him, objecting against 
him as heinous crimes, first, that he read the common-prayers at 
length, and that he had published the kings proclamation with a 
loud voice : and then with renewed fury they assault him again : 
they beat him with their pole-axes, and call him Mass-priest, rogue, 
rascal, and tell him, Sirrah, you can furnish the King with a musket, 
a corslet, and a light-horse, but thou old knave, thou canst not find 
anything at all for the Parliament. And then to work they fall 
again with their pole-axes, and beat and bruise him in most parts 
of his body : so that being aged (no less than threescore and two 
years old), and being not yet perfectly recovered of a former 
lameness in one of his hips, though he were in a probable way 
towards it, by this barbarous usage, being so cruelly beaten, and 
tugged, and haled by them, he is made a very cripple, irrecoverably 
lame, without all possibility of recovery of his limbs : all this 
inhumanity was practised on Mr. Fowler in the presence of his 
wife and children, the wife in the behalf of her husband, the 

* This curious work, which has been already quoted in No. 1112, with reference to Sudeley 
Castle, is by Bruno Ryves, D.D., who was chaplain to Charles I., and died July 13, 1677, aet. 
81. First published in 1643, in numbers, of which an imperfect set is in the Bodleian Library. 
Reprinted in 1646 and 1647, 12mo. ; and again in 1685, 8vo. " That edition of Merc. Rusticus 
which came out in 1647, had more in it than that of 1646. However, Rich. Royston, the 
seller being minded to make another edition, he followed only that which came out in 

Sfe ^ * third editl which he made in 1685 > hath less i* it than tliat o 1647 - 
Wood's Athence Oxonienses, by Bliss, iii. 1110.) ED 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 147 

children in the behalf of their father, humbly entreating on their 
knees, that they would have compassion on him, and not murther 
a peaceable man in his own house. While some of these rebels 
were executing this cruelty on his person, others go up into his 
study, and chambers, and take away all that was of good value, 
and portable. And having crippled the master of the family, and 
rifled his house, like the true servants of that master whom they 
serve, the devil, they leave him, but it was but for a season. 

Now though the present sense of these sufferings could not be but 
very great to an aged man, and one labouring under former 
infirmities, especially to have his sufferings imbittered by the 
reproachful railings of the rebels, and the mocks and mowes of 
Captain Bucks friends and kindred, who stood by jeering, and clapt 
their hands for joy, applauding the exact execution of Bucks 
commands, given his soldiers concerning Mr. Fowler, yet the sad 
effects which followed were evidence enough how cruel his usage 
was. First, Mr. Fowler, presently upon the rebels departure, fell 
into an extream bleeding, which continued, and could not be 
stanched in six hours and more, by which great outlet of spirits his 
strength was so much exhausted that he was not able to stand. 
Secondly, the next day after his bleeding, what with the loss of so 
much blood, and what with violence offered to his whole body, the 

retentive faculty was so weakened that came from him 

insensibly, and in this wretched condition he continued very near 
a month. Lastly, by the many confusions and knocks which he 
received on his head with their pole-axes he lost his hearing, which 
he hath not perfectly recovered unto this day. And now after all 
this barbarous usage remains there yet any thing else to be added 
to his sufferings? was not their malice satisfied, and these outrages 
(designed to be committed on him) compleated yet 1 'No, Captain 
Buck knew that it would not be lawful always to commit murther, 
and rob those that are quiet in the land, and therefore resolved to 
make use of the present opportunity : he was not ignorant that the 
wages of a faithful servant to the Eebellion was full licence to do 
any thing that can satisfie lust, private revenge, or avarice: and 
therefore in July last, Buck himself, not like a captain of soldiers, 
but a ring-leader to a rout of rogues, came to Mr. Fowlers house at 
Minching-Hampton, and most thievishly broke open the window of 
his sons study, and so entered the house. In the study they 
found rich treasure which they did not know, being indeed without 
a metaphor Pearl before Swine, for young Mr. Fowler, a practitioner 
it seems in physick, had in his study extract of pearl, aurum 
potabile, confections of amber, a great quantity of compound 
waters, a good proportion of pearl in boxes, a box full of Bezoar 
stone, with many other things of admirable use, for the preservation 
of the life of man, and of very great value, all which they took 
and brake in pieces, and trampling them under foot, made them 
utterly unuseful either for themselves or others. One of 



148 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Mr. Fowlers daughters in a just indignation at so great waste of 
things so precious, told Buck that he might be ashamed to spoil 
things of that use and value. Buck (a rude untutored man as he 
is) called her , and with his pole-axe gave her a blow on the 
neck, and struck her down, and being risen again, again he strikes 
her down with his pole-axe, nay, to pursue the glorious victory, he 
strikes her down a third time, and had she been able to rise from 
the floor, questionless, had struck her down a fourth time. The 
compassionate mother Mrs. Fowler standing by, and seeing her 
daughter thus barbarously used, to redeem her from this cruelty, 
resolved to expose her own person to the fury of this mad beast, 
and therefore interposing, asked Buck, whether he thought she 
could endure to see her child murthered before her face : but as 
soon as Mrs. Fowler came within his reach, without regard either 
to her age, or sex, he caught her by the throat, knocked her down, 
and being down, kicked her, and trampled on her with his feet. 
At last having acted what cruelty he pleased (according to the 
latitude of that tacite commission given every captain of the 
Rebellion) on Mrs. Fowler and her daughter, he and his rabble 
plundered the house, and so departed. 

If the monstrousness of these barbarous and inhuman cruelties 
committed on this reverend divine, his wife and daughter, and 
reported in this relation, shall weaken the credit of the relation, and 
render the truth of it suspected, let the world know, that here is 
nothing set down in this account given unto the world, but what 
was testified upon oath before the Right Honourable Sir Robert 
Heath, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of His Majesties Court of 
Kings Bench, on the 18 day of August, 1643. CLERICUS 

1120. ELLACOMBE'S "CHURCH BELLS OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE," 
ETC. As this work, "printed for the author," the Rev. H. T. 
Ellacombe, M.A., F.S.A. (Exeter, 1881, 4to, pp. viii. 208, with 
ten plates and many other illustrations), is not within the reach of 
every reader, a brief summary of its contents may be found con- 
venient : 

1. Rings of Bells in Gloucestershire. 

2. Founders: Master John of Gloucester, Hendlel, Henshaw, 
Rudhalls, Purdues of Bristol, and Neale of Burford. 

3. ^ Mediaeval Bells, bearing royal heads, ornamental crosses, 
inscriptions, etc. 

4. Verses in praise of Ringing from the belfry of St. Nicholas', 
Gloucester. 

5. Inscriptions, number, diameter, etc., of Bells in Gloucester- 
shire and Bristol parishes. 

6. New Bells in Gloucestershire. 

7. Catalogue of Bells cast by the Rudhalls of Gloucester, 1684- 
1830. 

8. Origin and Pedigree of the Rudhall Family. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 149 

9. Pedigree, with notes, of the Purdue Family. 

10. Records relating to the Bells and Bell MetaT. in Gloucester- 
shire and Bristol about 1550. 

11. Ancient Society of Ringers of St. Stephen's, Bristol. 

12. Modern Society of Ringers in the Diocese of Gloucester and 
Bristol. 

The supplement to the volume, pp. 101-208, comprises a large 
amount of information, e.g., a "Budget of Miscellaneous Bell 
Scraps " and " Bell Poetry ; " but, with the exception of three 
matters, the will of Richard Atkyns, bellfounder, of Gloucester 
(1529), a list of Gloucestershire bells cast by Henry Bagley, of 
Chacombe, Northamptonshire, and "the rape of the Cherington 
bell," we need not further specify its contents. 

The ten plates, containing stamps and letters on old bells in 
Gloucestershire, are particularly noteworthy. The other illustrations, 
which are more than one hundred in number, are printed in the 
letterpress. BIBLIOGRAPHER. 

1121. LOCAL USE OF THE WORD "PURE." In Notes and Queries 
(1 st S. viii. 125) there is a communication from " Oxoniensis," who 
writes thus from Oakridge, near Stroud : In visiting an old blind 
woman the other day, I was struck with what to me was a peculiar 
use of the word pure. Having inquired after the dame's health, 
and been assured that she was much better, I begged her not to 
rise from the bed on which she was sitting, whereupon she said, 
"Thank you, Sir, I feel quite pure this morning." 

In same volume, p. 352, the late Rev. Francis John Scott, of 
Tewkesbury, remarked that " in this part of the country the words 
pert, pronounced 'peart,' and pure bear the same meaning, of well 
in health and spirits." 

In reply to " Oxoniensis " another has written, vol. ix., p. 527, as 
follows : Your correspondent is evidently not a Gloucestershire 
man. The word pure is commonly used in that county to express 
being in good health. I remember an amusing instance, which 
occurred many years ago. A gentleman, a friend of mine, who 
resided in an establishment where young ladies were educated, was 
met one day by an honest farmer ; who, after inquiring kindly for 
his own health, said with equal good nature and simplicity, "I 
hope, Zur, the ladies be all pure." j Q. 

In the late Rev. E. W. Huntley's Glossary of the Cotswold 
(Gloucestershire) Dialed (1868), p. 56, we have this explanation of 
the word : " In good health, or with good success." EDITOR 

1122. A LETTER FROM BISHOP FRAMPTON TO THE REV. JOHN 
KETTLEWELL. The following characteristic letter from Robert 
Frampton, D.D., Bishop of Gloucester, which has appeared in 
Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. John Kettlewell, etc. (London, 
1718), appendix, p. Ixvi., deserves to be reprinted : 



150 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

My Keverend, Good, Worthy Brother, 

It is high time for me to give you my hearty thanks for your 
kind present ; and, if that be of any moment with you, to let you 
know, how much I am affected with it. 

So much affected with it, that I wish all our men of war, I mean 
our disputants, would beat their swords and spears, as you do, into 
plough-shares and pruning-hooks. 

Endeavouring rather to make their readers turn their thoughts to 
piety than controversy ; since the former, though ne're so necessary, 
yea, the unum necessarium, is scarcely heard amidst the din and 
clashings of pro's and con's. 

Perhaps this thought of mine proceeds from mine own inability 
to enter such lists ; of which I am conscious enough ; and, as I 
hope, will be the more pardonable', because, though I am far from 
censuring their brave performances; for who am I to take that 
province on me ? yet in truth, as St. Paul speaks in the case of 
languages not understood, I had rather speak five words to make my 
perusers better, than ten thousand words to make them more learned. 
Yea, so much the more, because I see our people so wedded to what 
they have once assum'd, that nothing can remove them. 

Nothing but God's own hand, and in his own due time : for 
which we must wait with patience, till he turn our captivity like the 
rivers in the south. Possessing our souls with patience in the mean 
time, till he bring it to pass ; and by our well-doing and well- 
suffering, with his blessing on both, make our innocence as clear as 
the light. 

I have often been in the pulpit in season, and out of season ; 
and always bold and honest enough there, God be praised ; but 
never in the printing-house yet; and believe I never shall be, 
because I am convinced, that nothing of mine is worthy of the 
publick view. 

That is a task for such worthy and pious heroes as you are, whose 
performances I love and admire, but dare not pretend to imitate. 
God prosper them to his glory, and to the edification of the whole 
Christian world. I have no more to add, but that I value your 
labours exceedingly ; and that you are exceedingly mistaken, if you 
think that any man whatsoever hath more esteem for you, than 
Your loving Friend, Brother, and 

Servant in Christ Jesus, 

Ma Y 18, Eobert Frampton Glocest. 

1694. 

CLEEICUS. 

1123. FKEEMAN INSCRIPTIONS, HEMPSTED AND BUSHLEY. 
When a lad I often turned aside in my walks to look at the tomb 
of the young cavalier who was shot during the siege of Gloucester, 
and buried in the churchyard of Hempsted, near that city, 
ubsequently it became much dilapidated and surrounded by other 
tombs; but I hear that the present rector of Hempsted has caused 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 151 

it to be repaired ; and as I have been favoured by him. with an 
exact copy of the inscription, and by Mr. Henry Jeffs, of Gloucester, 
with the inscription on a brass in Bushley Church in memory of a 
younger brother of the cavalier, I send both of them to you that 
they may be further preserved in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries. 
(See as to the Freeman families, ante, vol. i., pp. 131, 165.) 

The inscription on Freeman's tomb at Hempsted is as follows : 
"Hie jacet Johannes Freeman, Centurio 
Equestris, Filius Johannis Freeman De 
Bushleij Comitatu Vigorn : Armigeri, 
Castris Eegiis Obsidione Gleuensi 
Sclopetarise Glandis Ictu Trajectus 
Die Augusti 14 
A ( Salutis 1643 

Ann 



That at Bushley to the memory of the brother is : 
" Roberts Freeman Gent. 
deceased Dec. 13, 1651. 
Here Reader reade thine owne estate : 
Though young, wise, pious, such thy fate- 
Must shortly be, 
For such was he. 

Serue thou thy God, as he hath donne, 
This Service makes a Servant Sonne 
Heaven's Freeman be, 
For such is he. 
Aged 27." 

Pemit me to add that the rector of Hempsted is exerting himself 
to raise funds for the restoration of the very interesting old church 
in the parish, and that any contribution for that purpose sent to 
the Rev. B. S. Dawson, Rectory, Hempsted, near Gloucester, will 
be much appreciated. J J P 

[The foregoing note from Judge Powell having been submitted 
to the Rev. B. S. Dawson, of Hempsted, and the Rev. E. R. 
Dowdeswell, of Bushley, they have kindly supplied further par- 
ticulars, which are here appended. ED.] 

The Hempsted inscription is on both sides of the tomb, that on 
the north side being the older, and doubtless the original. The 
registers begin in the year 1558 ; but there is a gap for 1643, and 
therefore no entry of John Freeman's burial. 

As an appendix to the inscription, you may like to have the 
circumstances under which he met his death ; and I think these 
may be fixed with tolerable accuracy. In BiUiotheca Gloucestrensis 
(1825), pp. 205-232, there is a reprint of an old tract by John 
Dorney, Esq., entitled A Brief e and Exact Relation of the most 
materiall and remarkeable passages that hapned in the late well- 
formed (and as valiently defended) seige laid before the city of 



152 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Glocester, London, 1643. The doings of each day are given in 
the form of a diary, and under "Munday, August 14," which was 
the day of Freeman's death, this appears : " We had some sus- 
pition and kind of intelligence that they were drawing ordnance to 
the Kingshome ; and that it lay in some grounds undiscovered 
between the north gate and the Margarets ; wherupon a party of 
ahout one hundred and fifty musketteers commanded by Captaine 
Mallery sallied forth of the north port to surprize it, but not finding 
any, retreated without losse, but killed four of the enemies, and 
took two prisoners, and fired some of their quarters at the Margarets. 
This day the enemy played with their ordnance from Gawdy Green, 
and battered the town wall on the south-side of the Fryer's orchard, 
but we quickly made up the breach with wool-sackes and canon 
baskets. By this time they had drawne their trench in Gawdy Greene 
neer the moat at Eignall stile, where they made a kind of mine to 
drain the moat, which much sunk the water of the moat between 
the south and east ports." This is the whole of the entry under 
that day ; and as the journal professes to be an exhaustive account 
of each day's events, I think it is pretty clear that Freeman was one of 
the four who fell in the skirmish between the north port and the 
Margarets. B. S. DAWSON. 

Hempsted Rectory, Gloucester. 

The entry of Roberts Freeman's burial in the Bushley register 
is simply this : " Bur : Roberts freeman Gent : was buried the 
20 th day of Decemb. 1651. freeman." His Christian name had been 
the maiden surname of his mother, who was Mary, dau. of John 
Roberts, of Fiddington, in the parish of Ashchurch, Gloucestershire. 
The brass, now affixed to the west wall of the church, is plain and 
square, with the arms of Freeman in the lefthand upper corner : 
Three lozenges conjoined in fesse, with a martlet for difference on 
the centre one; and the crest: A demi fox (? wolf) holding a 
lozenge in his paws. In the right hand corner the arms of Roberts : 
Per pale ar. and gu. (not coloured) a lion ramp, sa ; and the crest : 
A stag's head erased. I should be pleased to supply a pedigree and 
short account of the Bushley branch of the Freeman family.* 

E. R. DOWDESWELL. 

Bushley Parsonage, Tewkesbury. 

1124. NOTES ON THE PARISH OF WICKWAR. 

(Continued from No. 1065.) 

The benefice is a rectory in the rural deanery of Hawkesbury, 
valued in the King's Books at 18. There are "74 acres of glebe 
land ; and the tithes have recently (1839) been commuted for the 
gross sum of 446 14s. 3d., as will be seen by extracts from the 
ithe commutation book and map prepared by Mr. Sturge, of 
Bristol, and signed by the Tithe Commissioner. The Earl of Ducie 

* See infra, No. 1136. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 153 

is patron ; and the Rev. Thomas Roupell Everest, M.A., incumbent. 
The extracts are as follows : 

Whereas an agreement, and supplemental article thereon en- 
dorsed, for the commutation of tithes in the parish of Wickwar, in 
the county of Gloucester, were on the 21st day of April, in the 
year 1838, confirmed by the Tithe Commissioners for England and 
Wales, of which agreement and supplemental article, with the 
schedule annexed to the agreement, the following are copies : 

' Provisional articles of agreement for the commutation of the 
tithes of the parish of Wickwar, in the county of Gloucester, in 
pursuance of the Act for the commutation of tithes in England and 
Wales, made and executed at a meeting duly called and holden at 
the Town-Hall in the said parish, on the 29th day of September, in 
the year of our Lord 1836, and adjourned from time to time, and 
holden by adjournment at the same place on the 14th day of March, 
in the year 1837, and since perfected, according to the provisions 
of the said Act, by and between the several bodies politic and 
persons owners of lands within the said parish, by whom, or by 
whose agents duly authorized in that behalf, these presents are 
executed, and the interest of which landowners in the lands of the 
said parish is not less than two-thirds of the lands therein subject to 
tithes, of the one part, and the Rev d Thomas Roupell Everest, 
clerk, rector of the said parish, and owner of all the tithes, as well 
great as small thereof, of the other part, It is by these presents 
witnessed, that at the said meetings it hath been, and is mutually 
agreed upon by and between all the said parties to these presents in 
manner following, that is to say, That the annual sum of Four 
hundred and forty-six pounds, fourteen shillings, and three pence, 
by way of rent-charge (subject to variation as in the said Act 
provided, and subject to the other provisions therein contained,) 
shall be payable and be paid to the said Thomas Roupell Everest, 
as rector of the said parish and owner of the tithes thereof, and to 
his successors, instead of all the tithes, as well great as small, of 
the lands of the said parish subject to tithes (including tithe of 
glebe), the rent-charge in lieu of which it is hereby agreed shall be 
fixed at the sum of Sixteen pounds, fourteen shillings, and three 
pence, in respect of the rectorial or great tithes and vicarial or 
small tithes of the glebe of the said parish, and which said sum of 
Sixteen pounds, fourteen shillings, and three pence, it is hereby 
agreed shall be apportioned exclusively upon the said glebe lands, 
and instead of all moduses and composition, real and prescriptive, 
and customary payments payable in respect of all the lands of the 
said parish or the produce thereof, a summary description of which 
lands is contained in the schedule hereunto annexed. In testimony 
whereof the said parties to these presents, or their respective agents 
thereunto duly authorized in their names and on their behalf, have 
to these presents subscribed and set their respective hands and seals 
on the Uth day of March, 1837.' 



154 GLOUCESTEKSHIEE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



'The whole parish of Wickwar contains by estimation 2,231 
acres. The whole quantity of the -lands of the said parish which 
are liable to the payment of any kind of tithes, is by estimation 
2,231 acres. The whole quantity of the lands of the said parish 
which is cultivated as arable land, is by estimation 479 acres, 
subject to tithe. The whole quantity of the lands of the said 
parish subject to tithes cultivated as meadow or pasture land, 
including homestead, is by estimation 1,493 acres. The whole 
quantity of the lands of the said parish subject to tithes now 
cultivated as woodland, is by estimation 3 acres. The whole 
quantity of waste lands within the said parish is by estimation 
256 acres. There is not any modus or composition, real, prescriptive, 
or customary payment, payable instead of any of the tithes of the 
said parish. The glebe lands of the said parish which if not in the 
hands of the owner or owners, would be subject to tithe, amount 
to fourteen acres, two roods, and thirty-five perches, which glebe 
lands belong to the said Kev d T. E, Everest as rector of the said 
parish.' 

[Supplemental Article.] 

' It is hereby witnessed, and the parties to the within agreement 
do hereby declare it to be their will and intention, That the lands 
included in the said agreement shall be discharged from the 
payment of tithes, and that the said rent-charge shall commence 
from the 1st day of January next preceding the confirmation of 
the appointment. In witness whereof the parties to these presents, 
or their respective agents thereunto duly authorized in their names 
and on their behalf, have to these presents subscribed and set their 
respective hands and seals the 16th day of October, 1837.' 

Now I, Young Sturge, of the city of Bristol, surveyor, having 
been duly appointed valuer to apportion the total sum agreed to be 
paid by way of rent-charge in lieu of tithes, amongst the several 
lands of the said parish of Wickwar, do hereby apportion the rent- 
charge as follows. ^ * # 

Gross rent-charge payable to the tithe owner in lieu of tithes, 
for the parish of Wickwar, in the county of Gloucester, Four 
hundred and forty-six pounds, fourteen shillings, and three pence. 

Value in imperial bushels, and decimal parts of an imperial 
bushel, of wheat, barley, and oats, viz. 



Wheat 
Barley 
Oats 


Price per bushel. 


Bushels and 


decimal parts. 


s. d. 
7 . OJ 
3 . Ill 
2 . 9 


424 - 
752 - 
1082 - 


- 17804 
- 35790 
- 93939. 



The following is a copy of a terrier in the Registry of the Lord 
Bishop of Gloucester : 









GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 155 

A true Terrier* of all the Glebe Lands, Messuages, Tenements, 
Tithes, and other rights, belonging to the Rectory & Parish Church 
of Wick war, in the County & Diocese of Gloucester, & now in the 
possession of the Eev d Thomas Cook, LL.B., Rector there, or his 
Tenants, taken & made according to the evidences & knowledge of 
the ancient Inhabitants this 29 th day of May, in the year of our 
Lord 1807, and exhibited at the Visitation of the Right Rev d Father 
in God George Isaac [Huntingford], Lord Bishop of Gloucester, 
holden at Chipping Sodbury, in the Diocese & County of Gloucester, 
the 3 rd day of June, in the year 1807. 

Imprimis. One dwelling House, one Barn, 2 Cow-Houses, Pigsty, 
one Coal House adjoining the same, one Dairy. 

Item. One Orchard, a Garden in front of the Dwelling house, a 
back Garden & Court the whole about one acre, more or less. 

Item. One Orchard about f of an acre, behind the dwelling 
house, bounded by Lands, South and East, belonging to the Right 
Hon ble Lord Ducie, and on the West by the Turnpike-Road leading 
to Wotton-under-Edge. 

Item. One inclosed piece of Pasture in front of the Dwelling 
House, called or known by the name of Lisburn, containing by 
estimation 6 acres, more or less. 

Item. One piece of Pasture, known by the name of Sainfoin 
Ground, containing by estimation 5 acres, more or less, adjoining to 
the road leading to West End in the said Parish. 

Item. Two pieces of Pasture, called or known by the name of 
the Orchard, bounded on all sides by Land belonging to the Right 
Hon ble Lord Ducie, containing by estimation about 10 acres. 

Item. Two pieces of Pasture, known by the name of Blakemoors, 
containing by estimation 23 acres, more orless, with aLimekiln thereon. 

Item. Two pieces of Arable, called Blakemoor, & Coppice Land, 
adjoining to the said 23 acres of Pasture, containing by estimation 
9 acres, more or less. 

Item. One piece of Arable in a ground belonging to M rs King, 
opposite the 7 acre piece, containing by estimation 20 perch, more 
or less. 

Item. To the said Rectory is due the Tithes of all things Tithable, 
& there is no Custom of Tithing within the said Parish. 

Item. 15s. per annum is due to the Rector for a Sermon to be 
preached on Old Christmas day, which said sum was left by 
Mary Edwards by Will, and is payable by her Executor, M r William 
Hobbs, of West "End. 

Item. 10s. for a Sermon to be preached on S* Matthias & 
S* Matthew in each & every year, which said sums are paid out of 
a House in the Town of Wickwar, belonging to M r Richard Barber. 

* The reader who desires information regarding terriers, is recommended to consult a paper 
by E. R. Rowe, Esq., Fellow of the Surveyors' Institution, entitled Glebe Terriers, 1882. This 
pamphlet and the Archdeacon of Bristol's Charge, April, 1883 (in which he expresses his 
regret that only one-third of the benefices in his archdeaconry appear to have terriers of their 
property), formed the ground work of some remarks upon the subject in our " Notices of Recent 
Publications," No. 2 (January, 1885). ED. 



-156 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Item. In the Parish Church of Wickwar is a seat under the 
Gallery, adjoining the Vestry, & near to one of the Pillars of the 
said Church. 

Item. The two front seats in the Chancel belong to the Rector. 
Item. In the said parish is a Mortuary payable according to Act 
of Parliament. 

Item. One piece of Arable adjoining to a Farm called Churchwood, 
in the parish of Cromhall, on the West, and the Turnpike road 
leading to Tortworth & Wotton-under-Edge, on the East, containing 
by estimation 7 acres, more or less. 

In testimony of the truth of the above-mentioned particulars, 
we, the Minister, Churchwardens, & Chief Inhabitants, have set 
our Hands this 29 th day of May, in the year of our Lord 1807. 

Thomas Cook, Rector. 
James Pullin, 
Phillip Ecot, 
Cha 8 Austeroc (?), 
John Townsend, 
Ab m Philpot, 
Edmund Jones, 
Joseph Isaac, 
W m Wickham, 
Tho 8 Daniell, 
John Minett, 
W m Poole, 



3 rd June, 1807. 
Exhibited into the 

Register Office, 
Tho 8 Rudge, D : Reg r , 
KP. 



Examined with 

the Original 
Terrier by me, 
Tho 8 Gardner, 
D : Reg r . 



Church- 
wardens. 



^Inhabitants. 



List and Measurement of the Glebe Lands from Sturge's Tithe 
Commutation Map. 

Parsons Orchard 

Parsons Orchard ..... 

Parsons Orchard ...... 

Piece in the Down ..... 

The Seven Acres ...... 

Little Blakemoor ..... 

Great Blakemoor ...... 

Great Blakemoor ..... 

Part of Great Blakemoor .... 

Great Blakemoor Coppice .... 

The Coppice ...... 

The French Grass Ground .... 

Lisburn 

Rectory House, Garden, Lawn, and Out- 
buildings . 
Church Yard 
Inclosure from the Common 



(To le continued.) 



Acres 



A. E. P. 


6 


1 


5 


3 


2 


35 




2 


15 






16 


8 


2 


17 


5 


1 


16 


11 


2 


8 


11 


3 


34 




2 


34 


1 




22 


4 


2 


33 


5 




31 


5 


1 


32 


2 




25 




2 


15 


6 




7 


74 




35 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 157 

1125. GEORGE EIDLER IN A NEW CAPACITY. Under the 
above title the Bristol Times of May 6, 1854, contains what 
follows : " We have been favoured with the sight of an old 
Oxford Journal of 1758, in which there is an advertisement from 
George Kidler, of Stroud, in Gloucestershire, from which it appears 
that a person of the same name as he who is annually celebrated in 
song at the dinner of the Gloucestershire Society (possibly the 
same man), was an 'innokulator.' The following is the advertise- 
ment a literary curiosity in its way : 

'February 11, 1758. 

' I George Kidler, near Stroud, in the County of Gloster, 
Broadweaver, at the desier of peepel hereabout, do give Nautis, 
That I have Inockulated these too Seazons paste betweene 2 and 
300 for the Smale Pox, and but too or three of them died A 
Mainy peepel be a feard of the thing, but evaith it is No More 
than Scrattin a bit of a haul in theier Yarm, A pushin in a peece 
of Skraped rag dipt in Sum of the Pocky Matter of a Child under 
the distemper That Every body in the Nashion may be sarved, I 
Will God Willin Undertake to Inockillat them, with the pervizer 
they will take too Purges before hand and loose a little blud away, 
for half a Crown a head : And I will be bould to say Noo body 
goes beyond me. 

' KB. Poor Yolk at a Shilling a head, but all Must pay for the 
Purgin.' " j L> 

1126. ROWLAND HILL AND DR. JENNER. The venerated 
minister of Surrey Chapel, the Rev. Rowland Hill, not only advocated 
vaccination soon after its introduction by Dr. Jenner, but himself 
vaccinated all who came to him. From the pulpit on Sunday 
evenings, after the sermon, he used to say, " I am ready to vaccinate 
to-morrow morning as many children as you choose ; and if you 
wish them to escape that horrid disease, the small-pox, you will 
bring them." Mr. J. Cordy JeafFreson, in his Book about Doctors, 
p. 311, tells the following anecdote: " My Lord," said Rowland 
Hill once to a nobleman, " allow me to present to your Lordship my 
friend, Dr. Jenner, who has been the means of saving more lives 
than any other man." "Ah!" observed Jenner, "would that I, 
like you, could say souls." There was no cant in this. Jenner 
was a simple, unaffected, and devout man. His last words were, " I do 
not marvel that men are grateful to me, but I am surprised that 
they do not feel gratitude to God for making me a medium of good." 

J. G. 

1127. Two OLD BRISTOL ADVERTISEMENTS. Farley's Bristol 
Journal of July 9, 1737, contains the following advertisement, 
curious as showing the prices of tea at that date, and that grocery 
and hosiery sometimes went together : 



158 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

" At the Hosiers shop, next door below the Gilders Inn in High 
Street, Bristol, is to be sold, All Sorts of Tea very cheap ; viz., 
good Bohea cat 7s. 6d. ; fine Congoe at 8s. 6d. ; the best Hyson, 18s. ; 
and all othor sorts in proportion. At the same shop is likewise 
continued to be sold, all sorts of Hose, Wholesale or Eetale, at 
very reasonable Rates, by Hannah James." 

This also appears in the same paper : 

" Mr. Okey's Malthouse at the upper-end of Stoke's Croft, 
Bristol, being now occupied by John Scandrett : Any Person that 
will favour him with their Orders may depend on good Malt and 
kind Usage, By their humble Servant John Scandrett. For the 
better Conveniency of those who live at a Distance, please to leave 
their Orders at Mr. George Daubenye's, Sugar Baker, in Hallier's 
Lane, or at Mr. Robert Robert Bridle's, Grocer on the Bridge." 

According to the Bristol Times of September 15, 1855, which 
copied the advertisements, the John Scandrett referred to was an 
ancestor of the late John Scandrett Harford, Esq., of Blaize Castle, 
while the George Daubeny, who took in orders for his friend, was 
the father of the gentleman of the same name who afterwards 
[1781-4] represented Bristol in the House of Commons. j ^ 

1128. BOND OF INHABITANTS OF CIRENCESTER FOR PROSECUTION 
OF FELONS, 1774. The following is an interesting document in 
connection with the history of Cirencester. ECS 

To all to whom these Presents shall come. We, whose names are 
hereunder written, and seals affixed, being of the Town of Ciren- 
cester, in the County of Gloucester, Proprietors and Tenants of 
Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments in the said Town and 
County, Send Greeting, Know Ye that we, being willing and 
desirous to suppress all Murder, Robbery, Petty Larceny, or other 
Felonious Act or Acts against the Persons, Lands, Tenements, 
Goods, or Chattels of us, or any or either of us, in the Town and 
County aforesaid, Have, and every and each of us Hath, mutually, 
jointly, and severally agreed and consented, and by these Presents 
Do, and every and each of us Doth, mutually, jointly, and severally 
agree and consent to and with each other, to Prosecute all and every 
person and persons, who shall or may, during the space of Seven 
Years, to be computed from the date hereof, be guilty of any or 
either of the crimes aforesaid against the Persons, Lands, Tene- 
ments, Goods, or Chattels of us or any or either of us respectively 
m i I n and Count y af oresaid. And also to be at equal costs 

d charges in the Law for the commencing and carrying on all and 
every Suit and Suits, Action or Actions, and all Prosecutions what- 
soever, which shall or may be had, commenced, or prosecuted for or 
by reason or means of the premises aforesaid during the continuance 
3 said term. And also to be at equal costs and charges from 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 159 



time to time during the aforesaid term in publishing proper Adver- 
tisements in the Gloucester Journal, and any other Journal, for the 
aforesaid purposes, as often as we may see occasion. And we do 
hereby appoint Thomas Lediard, of Cirencester aforesaid, Agent to 
this our Association. And for the true performance of this our 
Agreement each of us doth bind himself unto the other of them in 
the penal sum of Ten pounds firmly by these Presents. In witness 
whereof we have hereunto severally set our hands and seals this 
ninth day of February, in the year of our Lord One thousand 
seven hundred and seventy-four. 

[Signed by Earl Bathurst and 162 inhabitants, whose surnames 
are here arranged in alphabetical order.] 



Tho 8 Allaway, 
Tho 8 Arrowsmith, 
Anth y Baldwin, 
J. Bedwell, 
John Benger, 
Henry Bennett, 
John Bishop, 

Blandford, 

Ja 8 Blourit, 
Ja s Borton, 
Sam 1 Bowly, 
Edw d Brewer, 
Geo. Brewer, 
John Brewer, 
Jos. Brewer, 
John Brown, 
Jos. Brown, 
Han. Brunsdon, 
John Burge, 
Eliz: Butt, 
Samuel Canter, 
Solomon Canter, 
Joseph Carpenter, 
Tho 8 Carpenter, 
Tho 8 Carter, 
W m Cheadle, 
Tho 8 Cherington, 
W m Cherington, 
Tho 8 Clinch, 
Eliz: Clutterbuck, 
John Coates, 
Tho 8 Colin, 
Cha 8 Cox, 
Cha 8 Cox, j r , 



BATHURST, 

Joseph Cox, 
Jos h Cripps, 
James Croome, 
Robert Croome, 
Robert Croome, j r , 
William Croome, 
Joseph Dadge, 
William Darker, 
Tho : Dawson, 
Nath 1 Deighton, 
Law ce Edmonds, 
Tho 8 Edon, 
John Ellis, 
W m Emerson, 
Jonas Eycott, 
Alb* Eyles, 
Tho 8 Filkins, 
Rich d Fletcher, 
John Flux, 
Tho 8 Flux, 
Tho 8 Forder, 
John Forster, 
Anna Freeman, 
Rich d Fryer, 
Tho 8 Gale, 
Rich d Gegg, 
J. Gibbs, 
Esther Gillam, 
John Gillman, 
Jos. Green, 
Rob* Greenwood, 
Ja 8 Haddock, 
Bob* Hall, 
W m Hall, 



John Harding, 
W m Hatchett, 
Harry Hawkins, 
John Haynes, 
Cha 8 Heath, 
Mary Hewer, 
William Hewer, 
Cha 8 Hiett, 
James Hill, 
John Hill, 
Mary Hill, 
Michael Hinton, 
Geo. Holder, 
Rob* Howse, 
Tho 8 Howse, 
Tho. Howse, 
Tho 8 Jenkins, 
S. Johnson, 
W m Lawrence, 
Tho 8 Lediard, 
Nath 1 Mace, 
Ja 8 Masters, 
John Masters, 
Dan 1 Masters, 
Tho 8 Masters, 
John Maysey, 
Ja 8 Miles, 
Joseph Milton, 
Walter Naish, 
William Newcomb, 
Nath 1 Onion, 
Jos. Osborne, 
Jane Overbury, 
H. Paget, sen r , 



160 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Samuel Paget, 
James Pagett, 
John Pagett, 
Daniel Parry, 
J. Parry, 
Mary Parsloe, 
Ja s Parsons, 
Tho 8 Parsons, 
Daniel Pike, 
Ann Poin, 
John Price, 
John Pugh, 
Giles Radway, 
Tho 8 Radway, 
Rich d Relph, 
John Reynolds, 
Eliz. Richardson, 
Fra s Richardson, 
Tho 8 Robbins, 
John Roberts, 



S. Rudder, 
B. Sainesbury, 
Henry Saunders, 
Mary Saunders, 
John Selby, 
Jos. Selby, 
Rich : Self, 
Jos. Small, 
Hester Smith, 
Widow Sparrow, 
John Stacy, 
John Steele, 
Tho 8 Stevens, 
Tim. Stevens, 
W m Stevens, 
W m Stevens, 
John Taylor, 
Rich. Taylor, 
Mary Telling, 
J. Timbrell, 



Dan 1 Towse, 
Ann Turner, 
Tho 8 Turner, 
W m Turner, 
Rob. Tyler, 
W. Ursell, 
Tho 8 Yaisey, 
Tho 8 Vaisey, juii r , 
Ann Webb, 
W m Webb, 
John Westmacott, 
John White, 
Geo. Whiting, 
Jon : Wilkins, 
W m Wilkins, 
Mary Willett, 
Isaac Wood, 
John Wood, 
T. Wood, 
S. Worthington. 



1129. THE PASTON ENTRIES IN THE HORTON REGISTER. (See 
No. 1005.) The following extracts from Reliquiae Hearnianoe, 
vol. ii., p. 618 (1st ed., 1857) ; p. 275 (2nd ed., 1869), may help to 
explain some of the entries in the Horton parish register, printed 
at p. 4 supra : 

"1726, Dec. 15. M r Calvert told me that he hath an uncle 
called M r Paston, who is a very curious gentleman. He is a. 
Roman Catholic. He lives at Pauntly in Gloucestershire. He 
married M r Calvert's aunt, viz : the Lady Anne Calvert. She is 
his 2 d wife. His estate (at least the greater part of it) is Abbey 
lands, and thrives with him, as it is a general observation that 
Abbey lands thrive in Roman Catholic hands, though not in others. 
M r Charles Hyde is chaplain to him. M r Paston's son married 
M rs [i.e., Miss] Courteney, a lady of great understanding and virtue. 
They were married in 1725. Her brother (who is a Protestant) 
hath many old valuable writings. M r Calvert then told me that 
the great tithes of Kissling, near Richmond in Yorkshire, belonged 
to the Priory of S* Agatha, i.e., Richmond juxta. The foresaid 
young M r Paston [William Paston, Esq.] lives at Horton, near 
Badminton in Gloucestershire. This Horton belonged to the 
Church of Salisbury." 

The late Dr. Bliss edited Reliquice Hearniance, and appended 
this note to the foregoing : 

" Hearne's remark on the prosperity attending the possession of 
Abby-lands by Roman Catholic proprietors is rather unfortunate 
in this instance. The Paston name, at once one of the most 
ancient and respectable in England, is, I fancy, now extinct. The 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 161 

last of the family lived at Horton, and becoming involved, fell into 
tlie hands of an attorney in the neighbourhood, to whom he 
ultimately became so indebted, that dying, he paid his debt by 
leaving the estate to this gentleman. There was, if I rightly 
remember, a suit at law in consequence, which, at the time, 
occasioned a great sensation in the County, and on the production 
of the Will, which (having been proved in some Consistory Court in 
the country, and erroneously sought for in the Prerogative Court in 
London only) was supposed not to exist, the cause was immediately 
decided in favour of the attorney." 

In the church, among other monuments, is one to the above- 
mentioned Mr. Paston, who married Miss Courteney. On it is the 
shield of Paston arms, with those of Courteney in pretence. The 
old House, now becoming dilapidated, in snugly sheltered under the 
high ground on which stands the Somerset pillar. In a projecting 
wing, touching the churchyard, is an upper room once used for 
Roman Catholic services, the traces of which remain. 

J. EDWARD JACKSON, 
Leigh Delaniere Rectory, Chippenham. Hon. Canon of Bristol. 

1130. LYDE, FOSTER, AND ADAMS INSCRIPTIONS, STANTON 
DREW. In the Strachey chapel on the north side of Stanton Drew 
Church, Somerset, about six miles south of Bristol, there are four 
mural monuments, with these inscriptions respectively : 

i. 

" Near this monument lyeth y e body of | Cornelius Lyde, of 
this parish, Esq r , who departed this life on the 25 th day | of July, 
in y e year of our Lord 1717, | aged 77. He was a gentleman of 
great piety | & integrity, and serv'd his country | honourably in y e 
commission of y e peace | during y e whole reign of King William. | 
Here also lyeth y e body of Mary, his wife, with whom he liv'd in 
great love above 50 years : she dy'd on y e 8 th day | of June, 1715, 
aged 73. She bred up eight sons & three daughters, | to whom 
she was very indulgent, and | a bright pattern of virtue & piety." 

ii. 

" Near this place lyeth | the body of Anna Maria, the wife of 
Lyonel Lyde, | of the city of Bristol, Esq r , who | died the 24 th of 
Febr, 1729 [1729-30], aged | 30 years. Also the bodies of their 
sons, | Beniamin & William." 

iii. 

" To the memory of | James Lyde, Esq r , who departed this life 
on y e twelfth day of March, in the year of our Lord 1731, | in 
the 62 d year of his age. | He was the eldest son of Cornelius 
Lyde, Esq r , | whose monument is erected in this isle. He was 
bred to | merchandise in the city of Bristol, and follow'd that | 
employment near 30 years, with great integrity, repu tation, and 
success. On the death of his father he retir'd | to his estate in 

VOL. TIL M 



162 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



this parish, where he spent the remainder | of his days in that 
tranquility of mind and general esteem, | which are the consequence 
and reward of an upright conduct | flowing from a principle of 
real piety and universal | benevolence. | He married Martha, one 
of the daughters of | M r Michael Pope, of Bristol, Mercl^, | by 
whom he had fourteen children, of whom six dy'd in | their 
infancy, and are buried in the parish church of S* James, in that 



city. As is also their eldest son, 

day of Jan y , 1724, | aged 27. | 

this isle were, | 

Mary, wife of M r Tho 8 Prouis, 

James, 

Michael, 

Sarah, 

Esther, 



Cornelius, who dy'd on the 29 th 
Their children who lye buried in 

1730, 



Dec r 17 th , 

Dec r 25 th , 1736, 

Oct r 13 th , 1734, 

Jany 21 st , 1737, 

Aug* 19 th , 1734, 



to 



26 
26 
21 
21 
17 



Martha, his relict, erected this monument in y e year 1738. | 
Rachel, another of their children, dy'd Nov r 30 th , 1738, | aged 21." 



v. 



" Here is interred the body of S r Michael Foster, } one of the 
Judges of the Court of King's Bench, | Avho was born Decem : 16, 
1689, | and died Nov : 7, 1763. | Dame Martha, his wife, the 
eldest daughter of James Lyde, Esq r , | is also here interred : | she 
died May 15, 1758, in the 57 year of her age." 

Besides the above four inscriptions, which have been literally 
copied (April, 1885), there are the two following, given as in 
Collinson's History of Somerset (1791), vol. ii., p. 436 : 

(In south aisle.) 

" Near this place lie the remains of Elizabeth Lyde, relict of 
James Lyde, Esq., jun., who erected this monument to the memory 
of his father and mother." 

(On north side of middle aisle.) 

" In memory of Elizabeth Adams, the wife of John Adams, of 
this parish, Esq., who departed this life Sept. 15, 1768, aged 68. 
She Was daughter of John Lyde, of the parish of Chelwood, Esq., 
and grandaughter of Cornelius Lyde, Esq., whose remains lie 
interred in this church. She was a person of great piety. Also 
Lyde Adams, son of the said John and Elizabeth Adams ; and also 
Lyde Adams and Sarah Adams, their grandchildren; all died in 
their infancy." 

For particulars of the above-named Sir Michael Foster, the reader 
is referred to Dodson's Life of him (London, 1811), or to Foss' 
Judges of England (1870), p. 278. Having been called to the bar, 
he followed his profession, first in his native town of Marlborough, 
and then at Bristol, to which city he removed after his marriage. 
In August, 1735, he was appointed recorder of Bristol. While he 
held that office several important questions came before him. 
Amongst them was the right of the city of Bristol to try capital 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 163 

offences committed within its jurisdiction, and the legality of pressing 
mariners for the public service. The former arose in 1741, in the 
case of the atrocious murder of Sir Dinely Goodere, when his brother, 
Captain Goodere, was tried and convicted, and the authority of the 
city fully established. The latter was the case of Alexander 
Broadfoot, indicted in 1743 for the murder of Cornelius Calahan, 
who had been killed in an attempt to press the prisoner. On this 
occasion the recorder delivered a long opinion in support of the 
legality of impressment, but directed the jury to find Broadfoot 
guilty of manslaughter only, because Calahan had acted without any 
legal warrant. (State Trials, xvii. 1003; xviii. 1323.) On April 22, 
1745, he was sworn in as a justice of the King's Bench, and was 
knighted ; and for eighteen years he maintained the high judicial 
character he had established for himself as recorder of Bristol. 
The general impression regarding him may be gathered from a 
passage in Churchill's Rosciad : 

"Each judge was true and steady to his trust, 
As Mansfield wise, and as old Foster just." EDITOR. 

1131. OCTAGONAL CHURCH TOWERS. (Keplies to No. 1089.) 
The tower of Coxwold Church, in Yorkshire, the parish formerly 
held by Sterne, who resided at Shandy Hall while incumbent, is 
octagonal. There is also an octagonal church tower near the railway 
running from Maidenhead to Princes Risborough. I forget the name 
of the parish. BBAUCHAMP WALKER, K.C.B., General. 

In the Proceedings of the Somersetshire Archaeological and 
Natural History Society (1853), vol. iv., pt. ii., pp. 1-17, there is 
a paper by Mr. E. A. Freeman, headed " On the Architecture of 
the Neighbourhood of Yeovil," in which he remarks that one of 
the first things to strike the observer in the earlier churches of 
Somerset, is the octagonal form not uncommonly given to the 
towers ; and that the use of the octagonal tower stretches over a 
long narrow line of country from about Taunton nearly to the 
eastern boundary of the county. But Somersetshire, strictly 
speaking, is not within our limits. The reader is therefore referred 
for full particulars to the paper itself ; and we must not go beyond 
the following extracts : 

" These Somersetshire octagons have a very peculiar character, 
and it may be worth while to compare them with those which 
occur in another region, where the octagonal form is also frequent, 
namely, Northamptonshire. Two marked differences strike at once : 
the Somersetshire octagon is a sign of early work; that of 
Northamptonshire is generally late ; the Somersetshire octagon is 
the tower itself assuming the octagonal form ; the Northampton- 
shire is an addition made to a square tower, which might exist 
without it, or at most an altered shape given to its upper portion, 
Stan wick is the only case which occurs to me of a tower at once of 



164 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

early date and octagonal from the base. The Somersetshire octagon 
a^ain is, when most distinctive, central or lateral, while the 
Northamptonshire octagon is invariably western, and often supports 
a spire. ... I have said that in the Somersetshire octagons, it 
is the tower itself which assumes the octagonal form, while in 
Northamptonshire the octagon is only part of the tower, or even 
distinctly an addition to it. This is true, although there is only 
one Somersetshire octagon which I have seen, that at Barton 
St. David's, which is octagonal from the ground, and that of course 
only on the side away from the church. The central octagons of 
North Curry and Stoke St. Gregory have indeed' no square base 
appearing above the roof, and so may come under the same head ; 
that at South Petherton I have not yet had the good luck to see. 
But the lateral octagons of Somerton and Bishop's Hull, and the 
western ones of Ilchester and Puddimore Milton, all rise from a 
square base rising to about the height of the church, or nearly so. 
Yet every one would call these octagonal towers : even at Somerton, 
where the square base rises to a greater height than in the others, 
it is the octagonal form which determines the character of the 
tower. In short, in Somersetshire the square is a mere base to the 
octagon, while in Northamptonshire the octagon is a mere finish to 
the square." 

Further remarks upon the subject may be found in the Society's 
Proceedings (1872), vol. xviii., pt. i., p. 62. EDITOR. 

1132. POOR KATES IN THE SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. The 
Bristol Times of September 20, 1856, contains the following : 
" We have this week been favoured with the sight of an assessment 
for the poor made for the borough of Chipping Sodbury on the 7th 
July, 1685, wherein the parties assessed numbered 118, and the 
gross amount collectable amounted to only 1 18s. lOd. The name 
of the mayor, 'Thomas Tilly, Esq.', heads the list, and he is 
charged with the payment of the ruinous sum of 2d. The highest 
rating is but Is. 4d., and there are some as low as Id." It will be 
seen that the average for each ratepayer is under 4d. j -^ 

1133. STRANGE CHRISTIAN NAME. Whilst searching the 
Churchdown register of baptisms, I came across the following, 
which is probably worth making a note of for your publication : 

" Salathiel, son of Jacob Collerick and Mary his wife, baptized 
y e 21 November, 1705." 

I may add that in 6th of Eliz. a Colericke was curate of Church- 
down, and that he held the cure of the parish for fifty years. 

Churchdown Vicarage. F. S. 

1134. OLD MARRIAGE ANNOUNCEMENTS. (See Nos. 230, 299, 
and 715.) The editor of the Bristol Times, in his number dated 
April 7th, 1860, has an article on this subject, from which the 
following are extracts : 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 165 

" I take up a file of the Bristol newspaper of 1742. We are apt 
to speak with contempt of the backwardness of the old broadsheets, 
yet show me anything in modern journalism half so full and satis- 
fying as their announcements of marriages. Here is one, under the 
head of Bristol, January 8, 1742 : 

'Last week, [Thomas] Masters, Esq., son of Thomas Masters, 
Member of Parliament for Cirencester, was married, at the parish 
church of Almondsbury, to Miss [Elizabeth Chester] Cann, sole 
daughter and heiress of Sir William Cann, late of Brislington, 
Bart., and niece of Thomas Chester, of Knowle, Esq., M.P. for the 
county of Gloucester ; a young lady of fine sense, great sweetness 
of temper, uncommon prudence, with a most agreeable person, and 
a fortune of 20,000.' 

The first announcement in the same interesting column in the 
next week is as follows : 

' On Tuesday, Mr. William Stephens, an eminent linen draper in 
Christ Church parish, was married to Miss Bartlet, eldest daughter 
of John Bartlet, Esq., late Mayor of this city ; a polite and 
beautiful young lady, with a handsome fortune.' 

The following, under the head of February 12, 1742, is a 
specimen of mitigated praise, that, somehow or other, makes you 
think the lady was plain, since the general allusion to a * pleasing 
person' is rather pointedly left out : 

' On Thursday last, Mr. George Beecher, the youngest son of John 
Beecher, Esq., senior Alderman, and father of the city, was 
married to Miss Williams, an agreeable young lady, with a hand- 
some fortune.' 

In some of the announcements a panegyric was not only 
bestowed on the fair bride, but the editor contrived to compliment 
the family also ; as, for instance, on March 10, 1742, we read as 
follows : 

'Thursday, Mr. Samuel Gardiner, Master of Colston's Hospital, 
was married to Miss Peggy Love, daughter of Mr. John Love, an 
eminent merchant of this city ; a very agreeable young lady, and 
of a family remarkable for beauty and politeness.' " j ^ 

1135. EICHARD FERRIS' VOYAGE FROM LONDON TO BRISTOL, 
1590. A curious tract, entitled The most dangerous and memorable 
adventure of Richard Ferris, etc., was " published by the said 
Eichard Ferris " (London, 1590); and has been reprinted,* in 1883, 
in Arber's English Garner, vol. vi., pp. 153-166. Ferris was "one 
of the five ordinary Messengers of Her Majesty's Chamber : who 
departed from Tower Wharf, on Midsummer Day last past, with 
Andrew Hill and William Thomas ; who undertook, in a small 

* The late Mr. John Payne Collier reprinted the tract, in 1864, in his Illustrations of Early 
English Popular Literature, vol. ii. The two 4to volumes of this work were privately 
printed, and are by no means common, only fifty copies of each tract having been struck off for 



166 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

wherry boat, to row, by sea, to the city of Bristow [Bristol] ; and 
are now safely returned ;" and in the tract " is particularly expressed 
their perils sustained in the said Voyage : and the great entertain- 
ment they had at several places upon the coast of England, as they 
went ; but especially at the said city of Bristow." A transcript of 
the greater part of the dedication to Sir Thomas Heneage will not 
be out of place: "The late dangerous attempt, rashly by me 
Undertaken, to row in a small boat to the city of Bristow, along the 
perilous rocks, breaches, races, shelves, quicksands, and very unlikely 
places for passage with such small boats, along the coast of 
England, is now, by the assistance of Almighty God, truly 
performed : as appeareth by our several certificates ready to be 
seen ; with our safe return, contrary to the expectation of sundry 
persons. Which being truly and particularly discoursed, I have 
presumed to dedicate unto your Honour ; wherein may plainly be 
seen, how we adventured to pass the force of dangerous flaws and 
rough seas, which we found in our voyage ; and proveth the 
attempt the more strange in respect that I was never trained up on 
the water. Not doubting but the same may be a just occasion to 
prick forward others of my native countrymen, to practise an 
ordinary passage through the like dangers, in such small wherry 
boats ; especially when necessary occasion shall serve, the better to 
daunt the enemies [the Spaniards] of this nation ; who in such 
flaws and frets at sea, dare not hazard their galleys to go forth, 
though they be of far greater force to brook the seas." 

Starting from London, as already mentioned, on Midsummer-day 
[June 24], Ferris and his two companions encountered many and 
great dangers, of which he has recorded full particulars (the reader 
being referred for them to the tract, as we have to treat here mainly 
of what took place at Bristol), but reached Ilfracombe in safety on 
Saturday night, the 1st of August. " Whereupon," he writes, ""for 
that we were so near Bristow, I desired my company, that we might 
put to sea that night ; which they were loth to do ; yet, at my 
importunate suit, they granted thereto. But being at sea, the wind 
arose very sore from the land ; which put us all in great fear : 
whereby I myself was constrained to row four hours alone, on the 
larboard side ; and my fellow rower was compelled to lade forth 
water (so fast as it came into the boat) which beat upon me and 
over me very sore, the wind then being East-and-by-South. Thus 
was I constrained to labour for life, and yet had almost killed 
myself through the heat I took, in that time : rowing, as is afore- 
said, until we came to Mynette [Minehead]. This done, we went 
from Mynette : and so, between the two homes* came to Bristow, 
in one tide : and arrived at the back of Bristow, about six of the 
clock at night." 

*, n S. te f interr gation to this word, leading us thereby to 

are unkn<wn to bim - For the meanin * of 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 167 

Now comes the climax, and the happy reward for all they had 
endured ; and we shall again allow Ferris to speak for himself and 
his companions. " It was wonderful to see and hear what rejoicing 
there was, on all sides, at our coming ! The Mayor of Bristow 
[John Hopkins], with his brethren the Aldermen, came to the 
water side, and welcomed us most lovingly ; and the people came 
in great multitudes to see us ; insomuch as, by the consent of the 
Magistrates, they took our boat from us, not suffering us once to 
meddle with it, in that we were extremely weary : and carried our 
said boat to the High Cross in the city. From thence it was 
conveyed to the Town House, and there locked safe all night. And 
on the next morning, the people gathered themselves together, and 
had prepared trumpets, drums, fifes, and ensigns to go before the 
boat ; which was carried upon men's shoulders round about the 
city, with the Waits of the said city playing orderly, in honour of 
our rare aud dangerous attempt achieved. Afterwards, we were 
had to Master Mayor's, to the Aldermen's and Sheriffs' houses ; 
where we were feasted most royally, and spared for no cost, all the 
time that we remained there." 

Having refreshed themselves after their tedious labours, they 
bade farewell to their good friends in Bristol, and wisely returning 
home by land, they reached London on Saturday, the 8th of the 
month ; where, " to speak our truth without dissembling, our 
entertainment at our coming was great and honourable ; especially 
at the Court, and in the cities of London and Westminster." 
Their boat was also brought back by land, the watermen and others 
having " promised to grace the said boat with great melody and 
sundry volleys of shot ; which is very shortly intended to be 
performed." 

Appended to the narrative is " A new Sonnet [of sixty-six lines, 
by James Sargent] made upon the arrival and brave entertainment 
of Eichard Ferris and his boat; who arrived at the city of Bristow, 
the 3rd day of August, 1590." A portion of it will serve as a 
specimen, and must suffice : 

" Come, old and young ! behold and view ! 

A thing most rare is to be seen ! 
A silly wherry, it is most true ! 

Is come to town, with sail of green ; 
With oars, colour of the same : 
To happy Ferris' worthy fame ! 

" From London city, this wager, sure, 

Was for to bring his wherry small, 
On surging seas if life endure, 

From port to port, hap what hap will ! 
To Bristow city of worthy name, 
Where Ferris now hath spread his fame v 



168 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

" His boat not bulged, but at High Cross 
Was seen the third of August, sure ; 
Whereby the man hath had no loss, 
But did each willing heart procure 
For to be ready there in haste, 
To see the boat that there was placed." 

EEISTOLIENSIS. 

113(3, NOTES ON THE FREEMAN FAMILY, OF BUSHLEY, 1620- 
1700. (See No. 1123.) John Freeman and Mary, his wife, who 
was a daughter of John Roberts,* of Fiddington, in the parish of 
Ashchurch, gent., were living in Bushley, Worcestershire, in the 
early part of the seventeenth century, on a freehold estate now 
known as Yenley ; and five of their children, four daughters and 
a son, were baptized there. He was descended from an old 
Gloucestershire family, and was son of Thomas freeman, of 
Oxenton, by Margaret, dau. of John Turberville, of Twyning. 
His brother William succeeded their father at Oxenton ; his sister 
Mary married William Stratford, of Upper Guyting ; and another 
sister, Anne, married John Bugden, of Alington, Worcestershire. 
It is not clear how the Freemans acquired property in Bushley ; 
but Stratfords were already in the parish ; and John Freeman's 
mother's home was at Twyning on the opposite side of the Severn. 
He was no doubt a man of some means ; for he was one of those 
who, holding land valued at 40 per annum, refused knighthood 
at the coronation of Charles I. ; and during the civil war he joined 
with Thomas Bush ell, of Bushley, in keeping a trooper and horse 
for the king ; moreover, he gave to the same cause his son John 
(probably his eldest), who rose to the rank of captain in the 
royal army, and lost his life at the siege of Gloucester. 
Mr. Freeman had issue, ,* : 

i. John, described on his tomb in the churchyard of 
Hempsted as a captain of horse (" centurio equestris "), and 
stated to have been struck and killed by a musket ball during 
the siege of Gloucester, August 14, 1643, in his twenty-third 
year. It was after his death without issue (as appears from an 
abstract of the title of his nephew Charles to the Bushley 
estate) that his father "gave all his lands in Bushley to his 
sonn Eoberts Freeman." He does not appear to have been 
baptized at Bushley. 

ii. Kemmett, who married Priscilla, dau. of Henry Tracy, 
of South wick. She died May 27, 1670, and was buried in 
the south transept of Tewkesbury Abbey, where there is a 
tablet with this inscription : " Here also [her mother having 



* 111 ^ 1 f Tewkesbui 7 Abbey there is a tablet with this inscription :- 
was mortal of John Roberts, of Fiddington, Gent. Careful he was to 
*< 6 Vh he mamtenance of mankind. He feared God, was faithful to his country, 
aged 77 " P re common wealth : just to all men. Who left us Jan. 1631 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 169 

been mentioned] lyeth buryed the body of Priscilla, the wife 
of Kenimet Freeman, Gent., daughter of Henry Tracy, Esq., 
who dyed the 27 th day of May, Aho Domj 1670. Mary, the 
daughter of Priscilla Freeman, and wife of John Ferryman, 
Gent., who dyed the 15 of December, 1721." I do not know 
the date of Kemmett Freeman's death ; but he had issue, 

1. Charles, of whom presently. 

2. Mary, wife of John Ferryman, as already mentioned, 
iii. Koberts, of Bushley, baptized there in 1624, to whom 

his father gave his lands in Bushley on the death of his 
brother John at the siege of Gloucester. I do not know whom 
he married; but as the Koberts arms are on his brass in 
Bushley Church, though not impaled, it is possible that he 
may have married a cousin. He died in 1651, leaving an only 
son, John, known as of White Ladies zlston, who died s. p., 
his lands in Bushley passing to his cousin Charles, the son of 
Kemmett, of whom presently. 

iv. Maria, bapt. Oct. 8, 1620; died Oct. 12, 1622. The 
following inscription was on the margin of the stone which 
bore the brass of Roberts Freeman, but has disappeared : "Here 
lieth Mary, the daughter of John Freeman, Gent., departed 
this life the xii. October, 1622, aged 2 years." (Dr. 
Prattinton's MSS.) 

v. Margaret, bapt. June 25, 1626. 
vi. Mary, bapt. May 16, 1630. 

vii. Elianor, bapt. March 12, 1631-2 ; died unm. May 2, 
1653. Her monument is in the north transept of Tewkesbury 
Abbey, with this inscription : 

" Elianor Freeman. 
A Virgin-blossome, in her May 
Of youth and vertues, turn'd to clay ; 
Rich Earth ! accomplisht with those graces 
That adorne Saints for heavenly places ! 
Let not Death boast his conquering power ; 
Shee'le rise a Starre, that fell a Flower. 
Deceased May the 2 nd , An. 1653, aged 21." 
The above-named Charles Freeman, who succeeded his cousin y 
and is described as " of Twyning " in deeds at Pull Court, sold the 
lands in Bushley to Mr. James Glover, of that parish ; who in turn 
sold them, in 1748, to William Dowdeswell, Esq., of Pull Court. 
Charles Freeman and Hannah, his wife, had, in 1700, sold land in 
Bushley direct to Mr. Dowdeswell. 

Another branch of the family, taking its source from Bellinghani 
Freeman, who acquired Gaines, in the county of Hereford, in 
1683, settled there. In 1875, Freeman property in Tewkesbury, 
Twyning, and Ashchurch was sold by Charles J. Sidebotham, Esq., 
and Mary Abigail, his wife, and several others, described as 
descendants of a brother (John) of Thomas Harris Freeman, of 



170 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Gaines I should like to know where Freeman of Gaines branches 
off from the Freemans of Gloucestershire and Worcestershire. 

Extracts from the Bushley registers. 
1620. "Maria ffreeman baptizata fuit octavo die Octobris. 

1622.' "Marie the daughter of M r John Ffreeman Gent and 
Marie his wiff buried the 6 of October Anno Dm 1622. ffreeman." 

1624. " Eoberts ffreeman the sonne of John ffreeman & Mari 
his wife bapt. the 29 th day of March anno pdct. ffreeman." 

1626. " Margaret the daughter of John ffreeman gent & Mari 
his now wife bapt. the 25 June anno 1626. ffreeman." 

1630. "Marye y e daughter of John ffreeman Gent by Mary e 
his wife was baptized May y e 16, 1630. ffreeman." 

1631. "Elinor the daughter of John ffreeman gent and Marie 
his wife was baptized on the 12 th of March anno pd. ffreeman," 

1651. "Eoberts ffreeman Gent was buried the 20 th day of 
Decemb. 1651. ffreeman." E. K. DOWDESWELL. 

Bushley Parsonage, Tewkesbury. 

1137. GLOUCESTERSHIRE DOCUMENTS. Under this heading the 
following have been mentioned in No. 753 : 

1. "Ancient Court-rolls of the Manor of Oldland, of the time 
of Edward III.", sold by Messrs. Puttick, 1851. 

2. "Minute Book of the Association for the Defence of the 
County of Gloucester, 1792, &c.", sold at the sale of Mr. Thomas 
Turner's library (of which it formed lot 763), 1860. 

Can you oblige me with the names of the respective purchasers, 
or tell where these documents, which I wish to see, are to be found? 

J. G. 

1138. LEPER HOSPITALS. I request the cooperation of your 
readers in the following work. Archdeacon Wright, of Vancouver's 
Island, is forming as complete a list as he can of the leper hospitals 
which formerly existed in this country. Their number he considers 
to have been from 500 to 1,000, of which he has at present about 
150 on his list. I have undertaken to assist him so far as this 
county is concerned, and shall be glad to receive any information 
upon the subject. The only hospitals as yet tabulated for this 
county are 

Gloucester, St. Margaret's, before 1320. 

Tewkesbury (neither name nor date). 

THOMAS EOACH. 
3, All Saints' Eoad, Clifton. 

1139. " A BRISTOL COMPLIMENT." A present made of an 
article that you do not care to keep yourself, is called " a Bristol 
compliment." What may have been the origin of the phrase ? 

G. A. W. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 17 1 

1140. WILLIAM JENNINGS, B.D., DEAN OF GLOUCESTER, 
.541-65. In Notes and Queries (6 th S. xi. 327) Mr. Sawyer, of 
Brighton, has written as follows : In the lay subsidy for Sussex, 
36 Henry VIII., the vicar of Brighton (then Brighthelmstone) is 
stated to be dean of Gloucester; and on reference to Le Neve 
(Fasti, i. 443) I find his name to have been William Jennings, and 
that he died November 4, 1565. I should be glad of further 
information about him.* He appears to have retained the vicarage 
of Brighton until his death (see Suss. Arch. Coll., xxix. 203). 

1141. THE OFFICE OF A LAY DEAN. Mr. Hubert Bower has 
sent this communication to Notes and Queries (6 th S. xi. 329) : 
Mr. Samuel Edwards, of Gotham Lodge, Bristol, one of the 
partners in the Bristol Old Bank, high sheriff of the county of 
Gloucester 1795, who died in 181.5, was lay dean of Westbury-on- 
Trym. What is, or was, the office of a lay dean 1 

1142. THOMAS PYRKE, OF LITTLE DEAN. Bigland, in his 
Gloucestershire Collections, vol. i., p. 452, gives an inscription 
(formerly in Little Dean Church, but at the time he wrote utterly 
destroyed) to the memory of Thomas Pyrke, who died 9 April, 
1702, aged 71. The arms on the monument are those of Pyrke, 
impaling a cross and in the dexter chief a rose. I shall be glad to 
know the family name of Deborah, his first wife [d. 9 Feb., 1662, 
and buried at Abenhall], whose arms I suppose the impalement to 
be. He married secondly, Mary Hopton, of Berkeley (mar. lie. 
dated 23 April, 1663); and thirdly, at Deerhurst, 6 Dec., 1688, 
Anne Lane. w c HEANE 

The Lawn, Cinderford. 

1143. A BRIEF FOR THOMAS SLOPER, OF HARTPURY, 1665. 
In a long list of Briefs, taken from the old registers of Toddington, 
and printed in Bedfordshire Notes and Queries, part viii. (April, 
1885), this entry appears under the year 1665 : 

"Aug. 27, Coll' for Tho : Sloper of Hartpuryin the County of 
Gloucest r gentP - - 00 : 10 : 11." 

Can anyone assign a satisfactory reason for the foregoing ? The 
Slopers have held a good position in Gloucestershire. G A W 

The following inscription from the churchyard of Hartpury has 
been preserved by Bigland, vol. ii, p. 38 : " In memory of 
Thomas Sloper, of this parish, Gent., whose surviving children, 
by Joane, his only wife, are the | Rev. M r Charles Sloper, 
Chancellor of Bristol [1695-1727]; | William Sloper, one of the 
Attorneys | of the Common Pleas at Westminster; | Jane, the 
wife of George Githens; | and Catherine Sloper. | Near to this 
side lies the body of | the said Joane Sloper. He departed this 

* See ante, vol.ii., p. 198. ED. 



172 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

life 13 April, 1703. | She departed this life 2 Sept., 1676. Near 
to this side lyes the body of Mary Sloper, | daughter of the sayd | 
Thomas Sloper and Joane, his wife." EDITOR. 

H44. BALDWIN DE HODNETT, 1217. In the late Rev. 

E. W. Eyton's MS. History of Salop, which is preserved in the 
William Salt Library, Stafford, this statement appears : 

"3 Nov r , 1217. He (Baldwin de Hodnett) has returned to his 
fealty, the Sheriff of Glo'ster to give him such seisin as he had 
when he left King John's service." 

Can any correspondent tell me to what property in Gloucester 
the above refers ? jj\ p. H. H. 

Cheltenham. 

1145. WILLIAM MATTHEWS AND MR. DOCKETT. Can anyone 

throw light on the following extract from an old letter ? " William 
Matthews descended from Mr. Dockett, who preached in Bristol 
Church till he was 101 years old." The said William Matthews 
must have lived somewhere about the beginning of the last century. 
Mention is also made of a tablet to this Mr. Dockett in Bristol 
Church, which must have been there as late as the beginning of the 
present century. By "Bristol Church" is apparently meant 
St. Mary's Redcliffe. But I can find no mention elsewhere of either 
Dockett or his tablet. Barrett gives as rector of St. Stephen's from 
1480 to 1494, a William Boket; and of St. Mary's, from 1473 to 
1508, a William Chock. These are the only names at all resembling 
Dockett. DEN 

Clifton. 

1146. CLOCK MOTTO AT TETBURY. A correspondent made 
this inquiry in Notes and Queries (1 st S. vi. 127), but received no 
reply : "In the market-town of Tetbury, about forty [now seventy] 
years ago, there was a very ancient market-house, in front of which 
there was a clock with a curious and elaborately carved oaken dial 
plate, with this motto : PR^STANT STERNA CADUCIS.' I shall be 
much obliged to any reader of ' K & Q.' who can imform me in 
what author I can find the sentence. I expected to have found it 
in Prudentius, but have not succeeded." Having a special object in 
view, I, too, shall be glad to receive a reply. j Q 

1147. CURIOUS DISCOVERY OF PICTURES IN GLOUCESTER. 
The Bristol Times of January 16th, 1864, has the following 
paragraph, apparently copied from a Gloucester newspaper ; and it 
would be interesting to learn what has become of the pictures 
referred to : 

The town-house of the Guises, at Gloucester, a mansion of about 
Queen Anne's period, has of late been occupied as a school of art. 
In making some alterations for this purpose the architect observed 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 173 

an unusual and, as it seemed to hiin, a needless projection of 
panelling in a small sitting-room, always called "Pope's room." 
He made up his mind to remove this projection, and in doing so 
"brought to light a fine portrait of Pope. This led him to suspect 
that the opposite side might also contain some treasure, and on 
taking it down a painting was revealed, since said to be the 
" Temptation " by Guido. j ^ 

1148. EGBERT RAIKES, OF NORTHAMPTON. (Reply to No- 
1095.) M. C. B.'s inquiry as to the elder Raikes's connection with 
the Northampton Mercury comes, as will be seen, at a peculiarly fitting 
moment. The information I am able to send by way of reply has 
been derived partly from the early files of the Mercury, other par- 
ticulars from a pamphlet, entitled Robert Raikes and Northampton- 
shire Sunday Schools, etc., by John Taylor, of Northampton, 1880. 
Raikes was a printer at St. Ives, Hjints, in 1718, and published the 
St. Ives Post Boy, several numbers of which are in the Bodleian Library, 
the earliest, No. 2, bearing this title : " St. Ives Post Boy ; or, the 
Loyal Packet. Being a collection of the most Material Occurrences, 
Foreign and Domestick. Together with an Account of Trade. 
Monday, June 23, 1718. To be Continued Weekly. St. Ives in 
Huntingdonshire : Printed by R. Raikes." The St. Ives Mercury 
was in existence in the year 1720, and is thus alluded to in the 
introduction of the Northampton Mercury: "With what Care 
and Exactness we shall quit ourselves of this undertaking has been 
already premis'd to the St. Ives Mercury of the two preceding 
weeks." The first copy of the Northampton Mercury was issued 
on May 2, 1720, and contains none of those patent medicine 
advertisements which after a few months are to be found con- 
tinuously in the volumes. The title and imprint are as follows : 
" Northampton Mercury ; or, Monday's Post. Being a collection of 
the most Material Occurrences, Foreign and Domestick. Together 
with an account of Trade. Northampton : Printed by R. Raikes 
and W. Dicey, near All Saints' Church, where Advertisements and 
Letters of Correspondents are taken in, and all manner of Books 
printed." Here we have Robert Raikes and William Dicey in 
business together at Northampton, and, for a time at least, the 
printing office at St. Ives was kept going too ; but what became of 
the St. Ives Mercury is not known. Probably it was soon dropped. At 
the Northampton office were also issued very early several books 
and pamphlets which bear the firm's name. On April 9th, 1722, 
Raikes and Dicey issued the Gloucester Journal; and it would seem 
that Mr. Raikes managed the business in the West, and Mr. Dicey 
in the Midlands. Several " famous and notable cures " for various 
diseases are brought under the notice of the readers of the Mercury 
(most likely those of the Journal also, but the earlier volumes of 
the latter paper I have not seen) ; and these are said to be " sold at 
the printing office at Northampton, at Gloucester, and by men that 



174 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

carry this news." The partnership between these early pioneers of 
the English newspaper press would seem to have terminated in 
1725 ; for on September 13th of that year, the Mercury bears the 
imprint, "Northampton, printed by William Dicey and Robert 
Raikes," while that for the following week, " Printed by William 
Dicey " only ; but no mention is made in the paper of any change. 
Whether there was a dissolution of the patent medicine partnership 
as well is less clear, because the "certain remedies" were still to 
be obtained at the two places. Mr. Dicey, at any rate, continued 
to develope the trade ; present employes of the establishment 
remember the medicines being sold in the Northampton office ; and 
it is notable that the circulars setting forth the virtues of " Dicey's 
original and the only genuine Dr. Bateman's pectoral drops," and 
of "Dicey and Co.'s true Daffey's elixir," are still printed at the 
Mercury press. The Mercury has undergone many enlargements in 
its time, till it now consists each week of ten large pages, and has 
always been one of the leading provincial newspapers, as it is 
one of the oldest, in the United Kingdom. On February 9th, 
1880, was started in conjunction with it the Northampton Mercury 
Daily Reporter, which is still issued. The Mercury, printed unin- 
terruptedly on the same premises, "over against All Saints' Church," 
for 165 years, has now (May 2, 1885) 8,580 weekly numbers, every- 
one of which has borne the name of Dicey : and the fact is, 
therefore, of more than ordinary interest, that the Mercury, as well 
as its offshoot (on the literary staff of which journals I have been 
engaged for some years), has just been sold by the family to an 
entirely new proprietary. No. 1 of the Northampton Mercury was 
published May 2, 1720 ; the last number bearing the old and 
honoured name, was issued on the same day of the same month in 
the present year, its imprint being as follows : " Printed 
and Published, for Albert Venn Dicey, of Number 2, Brick 
Court, Temple, London, E.C., by David Augustus Peachey, at the 
'Mercury' and General Steam Printing Works, situate on the 
Parade in the Parish of All Saints', Northampton, Saturday, May 
2, 1885." It may be added that the death of Mr. Raikes is thus 
recorded in the Mercury for September 19, 1757: "Early on 
Wednesday Morning, the 7th instant, died, at Gloucester, after a 
long and painful Illness, which he bore with true Christian Resig- 
nation, Mr. Raikes, the Printer of the Gloucester Journal ; a Man, 
who conscientiously discharged the several Offices of his Life with 
Industry, Honesty, and Humanity. L." HENRY C WILKINS. 

1149. COST OP LIVING IN 1643. The following letter, 
addressed to the mayor of Wells by Sir Ralph (afterwards Lord) 
Hopton, governor of Bristol for Charles L, is interesting as an 
indication of the cost of living at the time it was written : 

" Sir, I have directed Prince Maurice his regim* of foote to 
quarter in your towne till farther order; wherfore praie cause the 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 175 

officers and souldiers thereof to bee settled in convenyent howses 
there accordinge to theire qualities, and billetted under theire rates 
hereunder. For which I will cause allowance to be made out of 
the weeklie contribution of your hundred. I rest your verie 
loving friende, KALPH HOPTON. 

" The com'on souldiers at 2s. 6d. a peece p'r weeke. Ensignes 
and other inferior officers at 3s. 6d. a peece p'r weeke. Super'r 
officers at 6s. a peece per weeke. j j^ 

"Bristoll, 8th Oct., 1643." 

1150. LINES ON STOW-ON-THE-WOLD. The following appear 
under the heading of " The Little Lovers," in The Illustrated 
Children's Birthday Book, edited, and in part written by F. E. 
"Weatherly (London, W. Mack, 14, Paternoster Row) : 

" 1 travelled one day thro' the rain and the cold, 
Erom the gay streets of London to Stow-on-the-Wold, 
And I sighed to myself, 'twill be dreary and cold, 
A regular desert at Stow-on-the-Wold. 

" But a sweet little couple I happened to meet, 
Trudging on hand in hand, down the long village street, 
And I own that it need not be dreary or cold 
At the veriest desert like Stow-on-the-Wold." 

H. C. W. 

1151. HARVEST WEATHER IN 1725. "They write from 
Gloucester, that the last Market Day, Wheat fell one Shilling per 
Bushell, on account of the great Plenty, and the fine Harvest 
Weather." Northampton Mercury, Sept. 20th, 1725. H C W. 

The foregoing would seem to differ materially from what Mr. 
Baker has given, under the year 1725, in his Records of the Seasons, 
etc., p. 182, on the authority of Lowe's Natural Phenomena: 
"Drought from middle of January to middle of April. It was 
drier than ever known in this country. Cold and very wet from 
middle of April till August 27. Great flood at Ketton, June 11 
and 12. August 23. Twenty-four hours' heavy rain, causing a 
flood in the meadows for four or five days ; garden stuff one month 
later than usual ; scarcely any kidney beans, no caterpillars or flies, 
fruits scarcely ripened, corn very dear, very warm spring till April." 
The prices of wheat were 48s. 6d. per qr. of nine bushels, and 43s. 

ld - P er V- EDITOR 

1152. THE SMYTH FAMILY, OF ASHTON COURT. This family 
settled in the immediate neighbourhood of Bristol in the middle of 
the sixteenth century, in the person of John Smith, Esq., who 
came from Aylburton, near Lydney, in Gloucestershire, where the 
Smiths had been for several generations, having resided there as 



176 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

far back as the time of Henry VI. This John Smith purchased, 
in the year 1545, from Sir Thomas Arundel, the manor and 
advowson of the chantry of Long Ashton. On taking possession, 
he seated himself principally at his new purchase; previously, 
however, he was a burgher of Bristol, evidently a man of large 
means, and probably engaged in mercantile pursuits; for in 1532 
he was sheriff of the city, and afterwards twice mayor namely, in 
1547 and 1554. He resided, we believe, when in Bristol, in one of 
the great houses in Small Street, and was on his death buried with 
his wife in the north aisle of St. Werburgh's Church. Barrett, 
p. 483, gives a description of his tomb, with an inscription in Latin 
on a brass plate, which sets forth that the monument was raised to 
their father and mother by the two sons, Hugh and Matthew. 
From the engraving on the tomb, however, the deceased would 
seem to have had more than two sons, for it represents a man at 
his devotions with seven sons behind him, while opposite is a lady 
with two daughters behind her. The first of the family to settle 
here must, as we have surmised, have been a man of considerable 
importance, as he was appointed commissioner by Henry VIII. in 
1544 to take the surrender of the Hospital of St. John without 
Redcliff-gate. He had a sister, who married Thomas Phelips, of 
Montacute, in the county of Somerset, a mansion still well known 
as one of the finest and oldest in the shire. Several of the Smiths 
(Hughs, Thomases, and Johns) who succeeded, were members of 
Parliament for the county, and one of them for the borough of 
Bridgwater. Most of them were knighted, but the first who was 
a baronet was Hugh Smith, who had the honour conferred upon 
him in 1661. The title and estates seem to have descended to 
heirs male until 1741, when on the death of the then Sir John 
Smith, who left no issue, the manor, with the rest of the patri- 
monial inheritance, descended to his surviving sisters, Ann, 
Florence, and Arabella. Florence married Mr. Jarrit Smith, a 
leading solicitor of Bristol, whose name occurs in connection with 
the strange tragedy of Sir John Dineley Goodere, the unfortunate 
baronet having dined with him just before he was seized by his 
brother, .Captain Goodere. Arabella married Edward Gore, of 
Flax Bourton; and the eldest sister, dying unmarried, left her 
portion of the estate to her nephew, Edward Gore, of* Barrow 
Court, whose son John sold to Jarrit (then Sir Jarrit) Smyth 
(as he is styled in the patent) his third share in the several manors 
and in the hundred of Hareclive and Bedminster. Sir Jarrit, in 
whom the greater portion of the property, including Ashton Court, 
again became united, died in January, 1783, at the age of ninety, 
leaving (writes Collinson, the county historian) "issue by Florence, his 
wife, two sons, Sir John Hugh Smyth, the present baronet [Collinson's 
Somersetshire was published in 1791], and Thomas, of Stapleton, 
Esq. On his father's death Sir John Hugh became possessed of 
two-thirds of the manors, the other being vested in Edward Gore, 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 177 

of Kiddington, Esq." Sir John Hugh Smyth died in 1802, 
and, leaving no issue, was succeeded in his title and estates by his 
nephew Hugh, who was succeeded by his brother John, both sons of 
Thomas Smyth. On his death in 1849, the latter was succeeded 
by his sister, Mrs. Florence Upton, who thereupon took the name 
of Smyth; and she, in 1852, by her grandson, the present baronet, 
son of the late Thomas Upton, Esq., of Ingmire Hall, Yorkshire, 
by his cousin Eliza, second daughter of Benjamin Way, Esq., of 
Denham Place, Bucks. The title having become extinct on Sir 
John Smyth's death, it was revived in 1859, in the person of the 
present possessor of the estates, who had taken in 1852, by royal 
licence, the name of Smyth. In the Latin inscription on the tomb 
of the purchaser of Ashton Court in St. Werburgh's Church, Bristol, 
as given by Barrett, the family name is spelt Smithe, and it was 
formerly very often pronounced with the final e. BKISTOLIENSIS. 

1153. LETTER FROM QUEEN ELIZABETH RELATIVE TO EICHD. 
CLUTTERBUCK AND WM. GUISE. Amongst the State Papers in the 
Record Office (Domestic Series, vol. cclxxv., no. 92) there is the 
following letter from Queen Elizabeth to the Warden and Fellows 
of All Souls' College, Oxford, relative to the above-named members 
of two Gloucestershire families. R H CLUTTERBUCK. 

Knights Enham Rectory, Andover. 

Trustie and well beloved we greet you well Whereas humble 
sute hath ben made unto us on the behalf of William Guise bachelor 
of arts that we would be pleased in regard of his sufficiencie in 
learning and to encourage him to contynue the course of his studie 
to further him to the place of a fellowe in that your Colledge nowe 
voide by the death of Richard Clutterbuck wee have thought good 
hereby to require you to admitt and place him in the saide fellow- 
shippe and to permit him quyetly to hold and enioy the same w th 
all the rights hereunto belonging Notwithstanding anie Statute of 
that House heretofore made to the Contrarie Your dutiful regard 
to satisfie our desire herein and which we will take in thankful part. 

(Endorsed) 

13 October 1600 

W m Guise for y e fellowship 

of Rich d Clutterbuck deceased 

in Alsoules Oxon. 

1154. THE EMACIATED EFFIGY OF ABBOT WAKEMAN. 
"M.Y.R.W." replied in Notes and Queries (1 st S. v. 427): 
" Buriensis " has been furnished by several of your correspondents 
with many examples of the representation of an emaciated corpse 
in connexion with tombs, but no one has yet referred him to that 
very remarkable instance at Tewkesbury. The tomb is usually 
assigned, I believe, to Abbot Wakeman. If anything were needed to 

VOL. III. N 



178 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

refute the absurd notion of the forty days' fast, I think the figure on 
this tomb would supply the clue to the true conception of the artist - r 
and show that it was intended, by such figures,, to remind the 
passers-by of their own mortality by representing the hollow cheek 
and sunken eyes, and emaciated form, of a corpse from which life 
had only recently departed : for, in the figure on this tomb, the; 
idea of mortality is carried still further, and the more humbling 
and revolting thought of corruption and decay is suggested to the 
mind by the representation of noxious reptiles and worms crawling 
over the lifeless form, and revelling in their disgusting banquet. 

J. G. 

The tomb in question, as the late Mr. Blunt has mentioned in 
his Tewkesbury Abbey (1875), p, 123, is generally considered the 
cenotaph of Abbot Wakeman, the last of the abbots, who became, 
in 1541, the first bishop of Gloucester. He was buried at 
Forthington, a manor house of the abbey, which he had managed 
to secure, with a very large pension, when all his monks were sent 
into the world homeless, with pittances small enough for experienced 
ascetics. But Bishop Godwin, who wrote near the time, says that 
Wakeman built his intended monument on the north side of a little 
chapel south-east from the altar, where no monument now exists, 
and if so, this cannot be it. It is in some degree improbable also- 
that one who took so much care to feather his nest well while living y 
should represent his body as in such a condition when dead : and 
altogether the tradition wants confimation. The style of the 
monument is that of a century earlier than the time of Wakeman, 
who was abbot from 1531 to 1539, and died in 1549. EDITOR. 

1155. THE COLLEGE SCHOOL LIBRARY, GLOUCESTER. The late 
Mr. Paul H. Fisher, author of Notes and Recollections of Stroud 
(1871), wrote with reference to the above-named library in Notes 
and Queries (1 st S. viii. 640) : When I was at the College School, 
Gloucester, in 1794, there was a considerable library in a room 
adjoining the upper school. I never knew the books used by the 
boys, though the room was unlocked ; in fact, it was used by the 
upper master as a place of chastisement ; for there was kept the 
block (as it was called) on which the unfortunate culprits were 
horsed and whipped. The library, no doubt, contained many 
valuable and excellent works ; but the only book of which I know 
the name as having been in it (and that only by a report in the 
newspapers of the day), was Oldham's Poems, which, after a fire 
which occurred in the schoolroom, was said to have been the only 
book returned of the many which had been taken away. 

G. A. W. 

1156. THE DEDICATION OF ASHLEWORTH CHURCH. On the 
occasion of the spring meeting of the Bristol and Gloucestershire 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 179 

Archaeological Society, of which a report is given in the Gloucester 
Journal, May 23, 1885, reference was made to the dedication of the 
church of Ashleworth in these words : " The patron saint of 
Ashle worth is stated to be St. Andrew." This statement is 
unquestionably correct. Five Ashleworth testators occur in the index 
to wills at the Worcester Probate Office between the earliest date 
and the time when Gloucestershire was severed from the diocese of 
Worcester; viz., Richard Marsfeld, Thomas Cely, and Ellina Locke, 
under the year 1538; and William Persse and John Cely, under 
the following year. The will of one of these is missing. The 
other four testators speak of their church as that of St. Andrew. 
Here follow abstracts of three of the wills : 

1538. No day or month mentioned. I Rye' Marsfeld, of the 
parish of "aschelworthe." My soul to God, and our Lady, and " all 
the holly co'pany yn heyve'," and body to be buried in the church- 
yard "off sent androwe yn aschelworthe aforseyd." To the "mod r 
church off wyst r " iiijd. Goods to sons Thomas and John, and 
daughter Isabel. Wife Margery to have the residue, and to be 
executrix. Witnessed by Sir John Cole (?), curate, William Du', 
John Dekyns, William Pers. Proved at Gloucester, 14 Oct., 1538. 

1538. Thomas Cely. To be buried "yn the churche yard off 
sent androwe yn aschelworthe," Twenty pence to the church there, 
and fourpence to the mother church of Worcester. Residue to wife 
Margery and son Thomas, " to be departyd betwene them yn equall 
portyons." These two to be executors. Sir John Knollys "vy care" 
to be supervisor. Witnessed by Richard Alard, Richard Brodstoke, 
Thomas Layn. "p'batu' apud Glouc' cora [torn.] 

1539. William Persse. To be buried in the churchyard " off 
sent androwe yn aschelworthe." Cattle to son Thomas. If wife 
"anes" should marry again, the said Thomas is to have "my holl 
tayke wythe the holl teyme off oxsen" ; but " yff sche mary not," 
she is to keep them as her own " duryng hur lyffe." She is to be 
executrix, and have the residue, "to pey my dettes and mynyst* my 
goodes to the pies' off god and welthe off my soil." Witnessed 
by Sir John Knolls, vicar, Richard Long, Thomas Nest, John Cely. 
Proved at Gloucester, 7 Nov., 1539. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. THOMAS R WADLEY, M.A. 

1157. CLIFTON ONE HUNDRED AND FIFTY YEARS AGO. A 
correspondent of the Bristol Times, May 4, 1867, gives a few 
extracts from the old vestry books of Clifton, which offer an 
amusing comparison of what that parish was and is now after the 
lapse of one hundred and fifty years. The following are extracts : 

1730. May 8. Money paid for a hedgehog 3 

June 21. do. for 6 do 1 

1731. Jan. do. for a polecat 4 

March do. for 2 hedgehogs 6 



180 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Succeeding churchwardens simplified their accounts by lumping 
these payments in one sum, thus : 

1731. 2 foxes, 13 hedgehogs, and a kyte 

1732. 2 do. and 10 do 5 4 

1733. 35 hedgehogs for the whole year Oil 8 

1734. 34 do. do. ..012 4 

1735. 6 foxes and 15 hedgehogs 012 

By this time the hedgehogs appear to have been exterminated. 

1730. Oct. 13. Money paid J. C. Taylor for painting 

the whipping post and stocks 4 

Dec. Iron work for the stocks & whipping 

post 1 4 

In 1731 the bounds of the parish were perambulated, and the 
following charges occur : 

Paid a procession at Kownham passage House 1 6 

Eods for four boys , 1 6 

Cakes and ale at Tho 8 Parker's house 019 4J 

A Dinner at Pallmer's 1 5 6 

The parochial expenditure was economical, the annual outlay for 
many years varying from ,15 to 25. j j, 

1158. A BRISTOL WOETHY OF THE LAST CENTURY. In Pious 
Remains of the Rev. James Moody, late Minister of the Gospel at 
Warwick (London, 1809), p. 32, in a letter from him to his wife, 
dated " Bristol, July 7 (1800?)," this paragraph occurs: "There 
is a singular character at Bristol that is worthy public notice. A 
woman, about forty-five or fifty years old, that never was married ; 
has an impediment in her speech ; is hard of hearing, and is often 
troubled with fits. She is a woman of the most exalted piety. 
She has a fortune enough to live comfortably upon, but scarcely 
allows herself the common necessaries of life. All her time is spent 
for God and the good of souls. She rises early for secret communion ; 
and then goes from house to house all the day, visiting the sick, 
relieving their necessities, and administering comfort to their souls. 
She is wonderfully blessed in her own soul ; even, at times, so as 
to be overcome with the abundance of divine love. I assure you, 
my dear, her conduct severely reproves me. I hope to be stirred up 
to greater earnestness in my own soul, and in doing good to the souls 
of others." 

I shall be glad to know to whom the above has reference. 
Mr. Moody, it appears, was in the habit for several years of paying 
an annual visit to Bristol. CLERICUS. 

1159. ANCIENT BREECH-LOADING CANNON. From the following 
passage in Wilson's Naval History (1807), vol. ii., p. 116, it would 
seem that^ breech-loading ordnance, instead of being a novel 
invention, is nearly two hundred years old : " During one of the 
wars with France, in the year 1708, some merchants at Bristol fitted 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 181 

out two ships as privateers. They set sail on the 1st of August, 
1708, and having passed the Straits of Magellan, they not only took 
several ships in the South Seas, but also several towns on the coast, 
and December 22nd, 1709, they met with the lesser of the two 
Acapulco ships which sailed annually from the East Indies to Mexico. 
She was 400 tons burden, with 20 guns and as many pattararas, a 
piece of artillery made to open at the breech in order to be loaded 
that way, instead of at the muzzle." 

The privateers referred to were the celebrated "Duke" and 
"Duchess," which made a voyage round the world before their 
return, and brought home Alexander Selkirk, on whose adventures 
Defoe is said to have founded his story of Robinson Crusoe. 

J. L. 

1160. HAWKESBURY PARISH CHURCH. The ancient church of 
St. Mary, Hawkesbury, near Badminton, was re-opened April 9, 
1885, after restoration. It is one of the most important ecclesiastical 
monuments in the deanery of Hawkesbury, and is in every respect 
a fine example of village church architecture. Unfortunately, all 
that is known of its early history is that about the year 680 a 
college was founded for secular canons by Oswald, nephew of King 
Ethelred; that in 984, King Edgar, at the intercession of the bishop 
of Worcester, introduced Benedictine monks; and that its impropria- 
tion belonged to the abbey of Pershore, in Worcestershire, from the 
time of William the Conqueror, or possibly earlier, until its 
dissolution. The church consists of a chancel, nave, and south aisle, 
at the east end of which is a chapel ; north and south porches, with 
a parvise on each ; and a tower at the west end of the nave. In 
the tower is a room furnished with a fireplace and chimney, as is 
also the case in each parvise. The building, as it now stands, dates 
from the Saxon period, ' and contains work of every period from 
that time to the present. The only Saxon remains are the bases of 
the shafts to the inner doorway of the north porch. To the Norman 
period belong portions of walls and the inner doorway of the north 
porch above the Saxon work. To the Early English, the greater 
part of the chancel, and the stones of the chancel arch, which was 
rebuilt and widened at a much later date : also the greater part of 
the south aisle, the lower part of the tower arch, part of the north 
porch, and other minor portions. To the Decorated period belong 
the nave arcade, some portions of which, if not the whole, were 
taken down and put up again when the chancel arch was rebuilt, 
and the tower up to the roof-line of a former roof. Perpendicular 
work is recognised in the oak roofs of nave and aisle, in the upper 
portion of the nave walls, as well as in the south porch and parvise 
and the greater portion of the north porch and parvise. To the 
same period belong the stone pulpit (which is a very fine one), 
the chapel, and the chancel window. This window appears to have 
replaced a three-light Early English one, of which traces exist, and 



182 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

at the same time the whole of the chancel walls were raised about 
two feet. Of the same period are several windows in the nave and 
aisle ; certain alterations in the lower stage of the tower and the 
whole of the upper stage ; and the doorways to the rood loft, of 
which the staircase has long since disappeared. To the time of the 
Reformation may probably be ascribed the destruction of the roofs 
of the chancel and chapel, supplemented by the usual demolition of 
glass, screens, wall paintings, &c. From that time to the present 
the roofs over the chancel and chapel, the high oak square pews, the 
font, the gallery at the west end, and various coats of plaster and 
whitewash, indicated the era of architectural degradation that so long 
prevailed. Such is the history of the church to July, 1882, when, 
the building urgently demanding repair, the work of restoration 
was commenced, under the superintendence of Mr. "Win. Wood 
Bethell, architect, of 7, Queen Anne's-gate, Westminster, by Mr. 
Gyde, builder, of Pitchcombe, near Stroud. The principal works 
which have been carried out are as follows : Removing the whole 
of the plaster from the inside walls and roofs, except a few small 
portions of the mediaeval painted work on the interior walls ; re- 
moving the gallery ; putting a new oak roof on the nave, an exact 
copy of the old one, and covering it with lead ; repairing the other 
-roofs ; altering and re-arranging the old oak seats ; providing new 
oak stalls, sedilia, and altar rail ; laying oak blocks under all the 
seats ; re-laying the passages with the old paving stones and monu- 
mental slabs (the mural monuments remaining untouched) ; repairing 
all the mullions, traceries, and string courses, and re-glazing the 
windows with Cathedral glass; repairing the handsome stone pulpit; 
repairing the tower, and fixing a lightning conductor ; providing new 
oak doors, a tower screen, wrought-iron chandeliers, etc. A heating 
apparatus by Grundy has also been provided. 

^ In carrying out the above works, among other interesting relics 
discovered, may be noticed an Easter sepulchre, a double piscina, 
a monumental slab, which once contained a very elaborate brass to 
a bishop or other dignitary entitled to a mitre and crozier ; a stoup 
in the north porch, rood loft doorways, and some fragments of 
ancient glass and tiles ; also in digging out the foundation for the 
heating chamber some foundations of a building belonging to a 
period anterior to the Saxon were discovered. There is additional 
work to be done to render the restoration complete, such as removing 
the plaster from the exterior of the chancel, and repairing the 
outside walls. The repair of the south porch should be at once 
commenced, and the roofs of the chancel and chapel panelled. 
These and a few other necessary repairs are urgently required for 
the completion of a work of the highest interest to all admirers of 
ancient ecclesiastical architecture. 

The Bishop of the diocese was the preacher on the occasion, and 
m the opening part of his sermon he thus expressed himself : I 
may say with perfect truth and sincerity that I have looked forward 



GLOUESTERSHmE NOTES AND QUERIES. 183 

to this day ever since I came first, now long ago, into this church, 
and have felt interested in the spacious and noble building. . . . 
I may rightly conclude this introductory portion of my words by 
sincerely praying that God's blessing may rest on all who have 
taken part in the work, and on all within this ancient parish. 
I have never yet known a parish church restored, but that I 
have afterwards either observed or been told of a distinctly 
revived feeling in the parish. The old parish church restored 
seems to call out a glow and warmth in hearts that may 
not have felt it before ; and it ever follows that some deepened 
religious life marks, at any rate for a time, the future of the parish 
and so it will be here. 

1161. OLD TAPESTRY MAPS. The late Sir Thomas E. 
Winnington sent the following communication to Notes and Queries 
(4 th S. iii. 428) : " Among the Gough collections in the Bodleian 
Library is a curious tapestry map of the Midland Counties, in a 
somewhat fragmentary condition. [Gough bought it for a guinea.] 
It is part of three great maps formerly at Mr. Sheldon's house, 
Weston, in Warwickshire, supposed to be the earliest specimens of 
that kind of work in England, which was introduced into the 
country by Mr. Sheldon during the reign of Henry VIII. The 
towns and villages in Worcestershire and Herefordshire are in 
general correctly marked, and the forests and streams, as well as 
some castellated mansions. The inscriptions on the corners of the 
map are quaint, and I quote some of them that were sufficiently 
perfect to decipher : 

' On this side which the sun does warm with his declining beams, 

Severn and Teme do run, two ancient streames ; 

These make the neibors' pastures rich, and yele of fruit great store, 

And do convey throout the shire commodoties many more.' 

' Here hills do lift their heads aloft from whence sweet springs do 
flow, 

Whose moistur good do fertil make the valleys Couche below. 

This Southly part which here below toward Gloucester fall, 

Of corn and grass great plenty yields, and fruit exceedeth all. 

A citie faire so called of old, whose beauty to this day 

Right well commends the British name. 

This shire whose soile of corn and grain great plenty yields 

By labour's careful toile, 

In threefold paths divided is. 

On East doth Cotswold stand. 

Most fertil hills for sheep and wool, 

The like not in this land. 7 

From Macray's Annals of the Bodleian, p. 112 [212rc], we learn the 
remaining maps are in the Museum at York, given to that insti- 
tution by Archbishop Vernon Harcourt. Perhaps some corres- 
pondent in that district can inform me what parts of England are 
delineated, and whether any quaint inscriptions remain." 



184 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

This drew forth a reply from the curator of the antiquities in 
the York Museum, p. 540 of the same volume : " In answer to 
the inquiry of Sir T. E. Winnington, I copy the following passage 
from the Descriptive Catalogue of the Museum of the Yorkshire 
Philosophical Society : ' The three tapestry maps in the theatre 
formerly lined the hall at Weston, in Warwickshire, the seat of 
W. Sheldon, Esq., who first introduced tapestry weaving into 
England, of which these maps, executed in 1579, are the first 
specimen. They contain a section of the centre of the kingdom, 
including Herefordshire, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Worcestershire, 
Warwickshire, Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, and part of Berkshire. 
They were purchased [at Weston, for 30] by the Earl of Orford 
(Horace Walpole), and given by him to the Earl of Harcourt. On 
his death they came into the possession of Archbishop Harcourt, 
by whom they were presented to the Yorkshire Philosophical 
Society in the year 1827. (See Nichols's Literary Anecdotes, 
vi. 326, note.)' Illustrations, viii. 686. Mr. Nichols (vi. 330, note) 
erroneously states that these maps were presented by Earl Harcourt 
to Mr. Gough. Whence the fragment came which Mr. Gough gave 
to the University of Oxford, I do not know. Those in the York 
Museum have no such quaint verses as those which Sir T. E. 
Winnington quotes." 

In the same volume, p. 606, there is a further reply, from " D.P.," 
of Stuarts Lodge, Malvern Wells : " After the notices of Sir 
Thomas Winnington and ' K,' the curator of the antiquities in the 
York Museum, I think I ought to give a few lines of information 
which may lead to some further inquiry. I have been acquainted 
with the tapestry maps at York for many years. In 1864 or 1865, 
if not in both those years, I saw, in a curiosity shop in Davies 
Street, not far from Berkeley Square, and on the left hand going 
north out of that square, a small piece of tapestry map, which I 
satisfied myself was a part of the Sheldon tapestry. If I recollect, 
it showed the west side of Gloucestershire ; but I am sorry to say 
I made no note of its contents. I asked the price ; it was 5Z., a 
sum which I did not choose to give. I have heard no more of the 
piece since." The date of this communication is June 26, 1869, 
and nothing more appears to have been written upon the subject. 

1162. NOTES ON THE PAKISH OP WICKWAE. 

(Continued from No. 1124.) 

The Rectors have been as follows, and the Patrons by whom 
they were respectively presented : 

Rectors. Patrons. 

William Jones. 

1570. Francis Yate, Queen Elizabeth. 

1578. Michael Wharton, Do. 

1587. Jasper Merrick, Do. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 185 



Henry Bishop. 
1615. Tobias Higgins, 

Obadiah Higgins. 
1668. Eliezar Marshall, 
1678. Samuel Edwards, 
1684. James Kirkham, 
1692. John Biddle, 
1734. John Fortune, 
1777. John Chester,* 
1802. Thomas Cook, 
1830. Thomas Roupell Everest, 

M.A., 
[1864. Kalph John Lyon, M.A., 



Sir Thomas West. 

Sir William Ducie. 

Do. (Lord Downe). 
Matt. Ducie Moreton, Esq. 
Do. 

Do. (Lord Ducie, of Moreton.) 
Thos. Reynolds, Lord Ducie. 
Francis Reynolds, Lord Ducie. 
Thos. Reynolds, Earl of Ducie. 

Henry John, Earl of Ducie.] 



The church is a spacious structure, having a lofty and handsome 
tower at the west-end, containing six bells. The tower is 69 feet 
to the top of the battlements, and the pinnacles 8 feet. The 
church stands on an eminence at some distance from the town, 
and is said to have been erected by one Woolworth, formerly an 
eminent clothier of the place ; but this is doubtful. It is dedicated 
to St. Mary. 

There are several good monuments in the church, and on a flat- 
stone is (1 was) the following memorial to Mr. John Purnell : 
" Here lyeth | a rare example of much goodness, | M r John 
Purnell, | late'of the Pool-House, in this parish, | who died August 
the 16 th , 1726, | aged 46. He was | a zealous member of the 
Church of England, a loving husband, a tender father, | a kind 
relation, a generous friend, | always acceptable to the rich, | and 
liberal to the poor. | Injury s between others he easily reconciled, | 
his own as readily forgave. A blessed peacemaker, j He was 
through the whole course of his life a sincere Christian, without 
ostentation, | and a lover of all mankind, without desire of praise. | 
Reader, | go thou and do likewise, | that thou mayest rest in 
peace, j and rise in glory." This beautiful memorial to that rare 
and excellent man was destroyed when the church was new paved 
and repaired in 1830. Mr. Purnell left a son named John, baptized 
17th September, 1706, who was warden of New College, Oxford, 
1740-64. 



William Russell, born at Wick war, M.A., of Lincoln College, 
Oxford, was for some time schoolmaster at Chipping-Sodbury, and 
afterwards of the College School, Gloucester. He wrote against 

m * In St. Mary's, Cheltenham, a flatstone (now effectually concealed from view) bears this 
inscription : " Elizabeth Chester, Jany. 7th, 1781. [Eev.l Jfohn] Chester, M.A., July 27th, 
1801. [Bev.] Wm. Chester, M.A., July 2d, 1813." There is also a mural inscription in 
memory of Sarah Chester, who died Jan. 21, 17C5, aged 75. See Monumental Inscriptions in 
the Parish Church of Cheltenham, pp. 24, 30. ED. 



186 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

John Biddle, a noted Socinian [the title of his book being 
BlasphemoJdonian : the Holy Ghost Vindicated}. He died in 1659, 
and was buried at St. Michael's, Gloucester. 

Mr. William Giles, a native of Wickwar, served the office of 
high-sheriff of the county of Gloucester in 1739. He died in 
1750, and was buried at Wickwar, aged 80. It has been said that 
he was a poor boy, the illicit offspring of one Sarah Moussell by a 
poor Welshman named Giles, with whom she lived as a fellow- 
servant. It was he who, in 1709, gave the corporation their silver 
mace. He was mayor of the borough in 1709-12, and in the 
management of the free-school made himself very notorious. 



There is no register of baptisms, marriages, or burials of an 
earlier date than 1689.* There appears to have been great want 
of care of the parish books and records on the part of the parish 
officers; even down to the present time (1844) such neglect is 
greatly to be regretted, and is deserving of the utmost censure. 

Sacramental plate, viz. 

1. A siher chalice, with cover, and this inscription on the top : 
"W.P., D.I., W.D." 

2. A silver paten, with " Wickwarre Glostershire " inscribed. 

3. A silver flagon, with this inscription : " Wickwarr. Ex dono 
Johanis Biddle, Kect : 1730." 

4. A silver plate gilt, with this inscription : " The Gift of 
M rs Jane Purnell, Relict of John Purnell, Gent., late of the Pool- 
House in this Parish. 1743. He that hath pity upon the Poor 
lendeth unto the Lord." 

The two churchwardens are chosen annually, one by the rector, 
and the other by the rate-payers. The parish clerk is appointed by 
the rector. 

In 1829 and 1830 the church was new roofed at an expense of 
upwards of 370 ; and at the same time it was new paved and 
pewed at a further charge of rather more than ,250, by which new 
arrangement of the pews a large number of additional sittings were 
obtained, as will appear from this inscription on a tablet : " The 
accommodation in this church was enlarged by a re-arrangement of 
the pews, with other repairs, in the year 1830; by which means 
seventy additional sittings were obtained ; and in consequence of a 
grant from the Incorporated Society for promoting the Enlargement, 
Building, and Repairing of Churches and Chapels, the whole of 
that number are hereby declared to be free and unappropriated for 

* See ante, p. 115. ED. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 187 



ever, in addition to 366 sittings formerly provided, 90 of which 
are free. 

Thomas R. Everest, Rector. 

wSfitt ( 'I en, 
2 nd March, 1831." 

A Sunday school-room was built at the north side of the church- 
yard in the year 1837, at the cost of nearly 200; the greater 
part of which was paid by the then curate, the Rev. Thomas 
Dowell [now vicar of Evancoyd, Radnorshire]. The ground was 
given by the Earl of Ducie, and by deed dated 20th August, 1840, 
was conveyed to the Rev. Thomas R. Everest and Thomas Garlike, 
for the use of the rector and churchwardens for ever. 

In the year 1695 the church bells were new cast at Gloucester, 
and the frames and all the woodwork for the bells and ringing-loft 
put up new, at the cost of 131 12s. 4d. In the same year barley 
sold for 1 4s. Od., and malt for 1 6s. Od., per quarter. The 
churchwardens paid for every fox killed 6d., and for every hedge- 
hog 2d. 

The population of the parish has been as follows : 

In 1701, 220 houses, 1,000 inhabitants, whereof 36 were 
freeholders, with 27 births and 24 burials; 1801, 157 houses, 764 
inhabitants; 1821, 950 inhabitants; 1831, 202 houses, 971 
inhabitants; 1841, 217 houses, 1,124 inhabitants. 

In 1841 the railroad from Bristol to Gloucester was begun, 
which caused an influx of persons. When the census was taken 
on the 7th June, there were 1,124 residing in the parish (438 males 
and 454 females), being 892 " Old Inhabitants," and 232 "Strangers 
on the Railroad " ; making the total of 1,124. 

In 1842 there were 63 freeholders, and 11 tenant voters ; making 
in all 74 voters. Houses, 217. 

The total number of persons engaged in constructing the tunnel 
and the open cutting, &c., at Wick war, and in the immediate 
neighbourhood, was 1,200. 

The number of baptisms, marriages, and burials, on an average 
for ten years : 



1689-1698 
1721-1730 
1821-1830 
1831-1840 


Baptisms. 


Marriages. 


Burials. 


26 6-10ths 
23 

20 8-10ths 
22 5-10ths 


4 l-10th 
4 
3 5-10ths 
3 9-10ths 


23 3-10ths 
24 
14 5-10ths 
16 5-10ths 



Total number of baptisms, marriages, and burials for ten years, 
from 1831 to 1840 inclusive : 



188 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 





Baptisms. 


g 

If 


Burials. 




Males. Females. 


3 

o 




Males. Females. 


3 

o 






H 






H 


1831 


9 13 


22 


3 


12 5 


17 


1832 


10 17 


27 


6 


8 3 


11 


1833 


16 13 


29 


5 


7 9 


16 


1834 


14 11 


25 


3 


16 16 


32 


1835 


7 13 


20 


1 


6 10 


16 


1836 


5 10 


15 


2 


5 4 


9 


1837 


9 18 


.27 


6 


13 12 


25 


1838 


8 7 


15 


3 


7 7 


14 


1839 


17 10 


27 


6 


5 8 


13 


1840 


11 7 


18 


4 


7 5 


12 




106 119 


225 


39 


86 79 


165 



The 
names 
books : 
1692. 
1693. 
1694. 
1695. 
1696. 
1697. 



1698. 
1699. 



1700. 
1701. 
1703. 



following is a list of the Churchwardens, so far as their 
have been ascertained, with a few extracts from the parish 

Joseph Chambers, Thomas "Worrell. 
Henry Shipman, Thomas Worrall. 
William Manning, John Dening. 
James Holoway, Thomas Worrall. 
Thomas Stokes, Thomas Worrall. 
John Andrews, William Worrall. 
" Paid 3 s 6 d to the Ringers for Kinging for the return 

of the King." 

Matthew Crew, Thomas Eussell. 
John Summers, William Gifford. 
"N.B. Collected during our office from Persons not 

going to Church or elsewhere to the Praise of God. 

From Tho 8 Crew, 1 s , Eich d Crew, I s , Richard WishaU, 

2 s , Rob* Denin, 3 s , Joseph Marlin, 3 s , Rob* Roach, 3 s . 

Collected under a warrant 3 s from persons not going 

to Church." 
Tobias Russell, William Summers. 

The relief to the poor in 1700 and two previous 

years averaged about 100 per annum. 
Thomas Stokes, George Fowler. 

In 1701 there was very great sickness in the parish. 

24 .burials in woollen. 
Thomas Stokes, John Townsend. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



189 



1704. Thomas Russell, John Purnell. 

"The Eoof of the Tower new done." A new weather- 
cock cost ! 8s. Od. Lime sold at 3d. per bushel. 

1705. Matthew Chew, Nathaniel Wickham. 

1706. Henry Purkett, William Prigg. 

1707. John Townsend, John Prout. 

1708. John Hickes, Thomas Perse. 

"Paid D r Lockin 4." This appears to have been 
the first payment to a medical man. Previously 
women were employed. Very great sickness in this 
and the following two years from small-pox. 

1709. Thomas Eussell, William Heaven. 
1710-11 William Giles, John Purnell. 

"August 29 th , 1710. At a Vestry Meeting this day 
held it was Resolved that a Clock and Chimes be put 
tip in the Church Tower." Clock and chimes cost 
28 4s. 6d. Two dial plates cost 6. 1 per 
annum allowed for looking after the clock and 
drawing it up. 

1712. Matthew Crew, Timothy Townsend. 

1713. Arthur Prout, William Alsop. 

"Spent 14 Is. 5d. at the Proclamation of Peace with 
France." 

1714. John Bick, John Somers. 

1715. John King, Christopher Andrews. 

1716. Thomas Stokes, Matthew Crew. 

1717. Daniel Osborne, Henry Shipman. 
1718-19. Thomas Russell, Henry Pinkett. 
1720. John Edwards, Nicholas Andrews. 
1721-22. Samuel Niblett, Thomas Andrews. 
1723. William Giles, Obadiah Ash. 
1724-25. William Russell, James Bishop. 
1726. John Somers, Henry Pincott. 
1727-28. Christopher Andrews, Daniel Osborne. 
1729-31. William Worrall, John Somers. 
1732. John Hickes, John Andrews. 
1733-34. William Russell, John Andrews. 

"April 16 th , 1734. The Rectory of this Parish being 
vacant by the Death of the Rev d Mr. Biddle, the late 
Rector, John Andrews and William Russell, the 
present Churchwardens, are empowered under the 
Seals of the Chancellor of the Diocese of Gloucester 
to collect & gather the Tithes, Profits, & Emoluments 
belonging to the said Rectory, and to provide a 
Minister during the Vacancy as they are directed." 
1735-36. Christopher Andrews, Joseph Downs. 

1737. William Somers, John Bick. 

1738. William Hobbs, Benjamin Hockley. 



190 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1739. John Somers, John Andrews. 

" Paid for a Barrel of Ale gave at the Proclamation of 
Warl 15s. Od." 

1740. John Townsend, John Woodman. 

1741. John Somers, Daniel Lapley. 

1742. William Hobbs, Ambrose Hill. 
1743-44. William Giles, Henry Harford. 

" Gave 3 d for Fifty Tomtits." 
1745-46. Samuel Walker, John Somers. 
1747. Nathaniel Hickes, Benjamin Hockley. 

[The Churchwardens' books from 1747 to 1826 are not 
to be found.] 

1813-14. Kobert Batten, Thomas Pullin. 
1815. William Minett, Thomas Daniels. 

1817. William Vick, Kichard Burnett. 

1818. William Vick, John Minett. 

1819. Thomas Stock. 

1821. Thomas Stock, James Pullin. 

1822. William Ecott, Thomas Pullin. 
1824-25. Thomas Pullin, William Park. 
1826-28. William Barber, William Park. 
1829-34. William Barber, Thomas Arnold. 
1835-38. George Hobbs, William Minett. 
1839-40. Robert Bennett, John Minett. 
1841-44. William Daw, Thomas Garlike. 
1845-46. Thomas Arnold, Joseph Bennett. 

1163. EARLY THEATRICAL PERFORMANCE AT GLOUCESTER. 
The following account of an early theatrical performance at Gloucester 
is taken from a small volume, entitled Mount Tabor ; or, Private 
Exercises of a Penitent Sinner (London, 1639), by R. W. (R. 
Willis), who states his age to have been then seventy-five, and who 
was consequently born in the same year (1654) as Shakespeare. 
The account has been extracted by Malone in his Rise and Progress 
of the English Stage, and has also been cited, with the correction 
of some inaccuracies, by John Payne Collier : In the city of 
Gloucester the manner is (as I think it is in other like corporations) 
that when players of interludes come to town they first attend the 
mayor to imform him what nobleman's servants they are, and so to 
get license for their public playing, and if the mayor like the 
actors, or would show respect to their lord and master, he appoints 
them to play their first play before himself and the aldermen and 
common council of the city ; and that is called the mayor's play, 
where every one that will comes in without money, the mayor giving 
the players a reward as he thinks fit to show respect unto them. At 
such a play my father took me with him, and made me stand 
between his legs as he sat upon one of the benches, where he saw 
and heard very well. The play was called "The Cradle of Securitey," 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 191 

wherein was personated a king, or some great prince, with his 
courfiers of several kinds, amongst which three ladies were in special 
grace with him, and they, keeping him in delights and pleasures, 
drew him from his graver counsellors, hearing of sermons and 
listening to good counsel and admonitions, that in the end they got 
him to lie down in a cradle upon the stage, where these three ladies, 
joining in a sweet song, rocked him asleep, that he snorted again, 
and in the meantime, closely conveyed under the clothes wherewith 
he was covered, a vizard, like a swine's snout upon his face, with 
three wire chains fastened thereunto, the other end whereof being 
holden severally by those three ladies, who fell to singing again, 
and then discovered his face, that the spectators might see how they 
had transformed him, going on with their singing. Whilst all this 
was acting there came forth of another door at the farthest end 
of the stage two old men, the one in blue, with a sergeant-at-arma 
his mace on his shoulder, the other in red, with a drawn sword in 
his hand, and leaning with the other hand upon the other's shoulder; 
and so they two went along in a soft pace round about by the skirt of 
the stage, till at last they came to the cradle, when all the court was 
in its greatest jollity, and then the foremost old man with his mace 
struck a fearful blow upon the cradle, whereat all the courtiers, with 
the three ladies and the vizard all vanished, and the desolate prince 
started up barefaced, and finding himself thus sent for to judgment, 
made a lamentable complaint of his miserable case, and so was 
carried away by wicked spirits. The prince did personate in the 
moral the wicked of the world ; the three ladies, pride, covetousness, 
and luxury ; the two old men, the end of the world and the last 
judgment. This sight took such impression on me, that when I 
came towards man's estate it was as fresh in my memory as if I 
had seen it newly acted. 

1164. JAMES BRADLEY, D.D., AND HIS " ASTRONOMICAL 
OBSERVATIONS." In Notes and Queries (2 nd S. ix. 377), under the 
head of " Gleanings from the Records of the Treasury," there is a 
full account of a suit instituted by the Attorney-General against 
the representative of Dr. Bradley, the astronomer, for the recovery 
of certain volumes of his " Observations : " it is interesting, as it 
enters into details concerning his professional career at Greenwich ; 
but it is too long for quotation. A note of where it is to be found, 
may be useful. 

1165. PECULIAR NAMES OF PLACES IN CHURCHDOWN PARISH. 
" F. S." sent the following communication to Notes and Queries 
(5 th S. i. 67), but without eliciting a reply : At Churchdown, 
near Cheltenham, in the immediate neighbourhood of the ancient 
camp (British or Roman, for the authorities are divided), there are 
several places with peculiar names. These lie chiefly on the slopes 
leading to the encampment, and invite an examination, which some 



192 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of your readers may be not unwilling to afford ; some, indeed, may 
recognize these names at once, or, at any rate, throw on them the 
light of research. They are as follows : . 

Katbrane. A hollow approach, or natural covert way. 

Bloody Man's Acre. 

Muzzle Well. The ancient well, near an excavated covert way. 

Break Heart. A steep ascent. 

Green Street A Koman road that runs round the southern side 
of Churchdown Hill, and gives into the great Eoman way leading 
from Gloucester to Cirencester (Corinium). 

Soldiers' Walk. Tradition says that, at the siege of Gloucester, 
there was a battery thrown up here, armed with guns in position to 
command the city. 

Now, these names, here spelt phonetically, as they are now 
pronounced by the country people, may be safely referred to the 
time of the Civil War, or later, with the exception of Katbrane, 
Muzzle, and Green Street. Of these the last speaks for itself, and 
it only remains to note for elucidation and discussion the remaining 
words, Katbrane and Muzzle, on which I shall be glad to have any 
information. 

Whilst on the subject of names, I may mention as worth 
recording some others, applied to places in the parish of Churchdown, 
but not near the encampment or connected with it. They are the 
Zoons, the Lynch, the Crump, and the Nymph ; Gospel Ash also, 
which requires no comment. 

1166. Miss SUSANNA WINKWOKTH, OF CLIFTON. This lady, 
who died November 25, 1884, at her residence in Victoria Square, 
Clifton, Bristol, was the eldest daughter of Mr. Henry Winkworth, 
of Manchester. Her name is well known in the literary world by 
her compilation and English version of Niebuhr's Life and Letters, 
the Tlieologia Germanica, the History and Sermons of Dr. John 
Tauter, with additional notices of his life and times, the continu- 
ation of the Life of Luther, which had been commenced by 
Archdeacon Hare, and Professor Max Miiller's German Love. She 
was in early life the pupil of the Rev. W. Gaskell and the Rev. 
Dr. Martineau, and subsequently became the friend of the Hares, 
Maurice, Charles Kingsley, Canon Percival, and more especially of 
Baron Bunsen. Seeing her remarkable power of apprehending and 
rendering into forcible English the subtle workings of the German 
theological mind, Bunsen entrusted to her the translation of his 
Signs of the Times and his God in History. She was the elder 
sister of Catherine Winkworth, the author of Lyra Germanica.* 
Devoted from her earliest days to practical work amongst the poor, 
and always aiming at methods which should help without pauper- 
ising, she was one of the first in Bristol to grapple with the problem 

we ante ^S^SOO * he inscription ^ Bristol Cathedral to toe memory of Catherine Winkworth, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 193 

which has lately occupied so much public attention, the provision 
of wholesome dwellings for the labouring classes in large cities. For 
some years she rented houses and let them, out in tenements, and 
afterwards formed the company which built the Jacob's Well 
industrial dwellings in a populous part of Bristol. Working on 
the lines which Miss Octavia Hill has made so familiar to the 
British public, she continued the management of this property to 
the time of her death. She was also a governor of the Red Maids' 
School in Bristol, and a member of the council of the Cheltenham 
Ladies' College. BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1167. BIGLAND'S " GLOUCESTERSHIRE COLLECTIONS " : LIST OP 
PLATES. (See No. 132.) While I write, there is in the possession 
of Mr. William George's Sons, of Park Street, Bristol, a very 
curious collection of engravings, in a thick folio volume. Besides 
eleven unpublished plates appertaining to Somersetshire, there are 
no less than 143 proof impressions of Gloucestershire churches, 
etc. : the collection belonged to the late Leonard L. Hartley, Esq., 
and was purchased at the recent sale of his library in London. A 
note in these pages respecting them will not be out of place. 

The volume contains 76 plates which were issued with the 
Gloucestershire Collections in 1791-92; and 27 which were engraved 
for the History of the City of Gloucester, afterwards published by 
Fosbrooke (London, 1819). It also contains 42 which were 
intended for the remaining portion of the Collections, but which, as 
the work was discontinued in 1792, have never been published. 
The list of these plates, as they are arranged in the volume, is 
as follows : 

1. Arms carved in the roof of Hard wick Church. 2. Newland 
Church. 3. Newland Font. 4. Monument to Jenkin Wyrrall in 
Newland Church. 5. Figures in the Churches of St. Briavel and 
Newland. 6. ISTewland Village. 7. Newnham Church. 8. Old- 
bury-upon-Severn Church. 9. Painswick Church. 10. Quedgley 
Church. 11. Rodborough Church. 12. North-Leach Church. 
13. Slinibridge Church. 14. Sodbury (Old) Church. 15. Southrop 
Font. 16. Stonehouse Church. 17. Stow Church. 18. Standish 
Church. 19. Stroud Church. 20. Swindon Church. 21. Stanley 
Kings Church. 22. Stanley St. Leonards Church. 23. Tetbury 
old Church. 24. Monument to Lord Broaes [Braose] in Tetbury 
Church. 25. Tetbury new Church. 26. Distant view of Tetbury 
Church. 27. Thornbury Church. 28. Thornbury Castle. 29. 
Tewkesbury Church. 30. The Tomb of Robert Fitz Hamon, 
Founder of Tewkesbury, in Tewkesbury Church. 31. The Tomb 
of Lord Wenlock in same church. 32. Withington Church. 33. 
Withington Parsonage. 34. Wotton-under-Edge Church. 35. Brass 
of Lord and Lady Berkeley in Wotton Church. 36. Woodchester 
Church. 37. Winchcombe Church. 38. Wick war Church. 39. 
Wheatenhurst Church. 40. Westbury-upon-Trim Church. 41. 
Skeletons in Westbury Church. 42. Yate Church. ABHBA. 

VOL. in. o 



194 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1168. THE FEERE FAMILY AND BITTON. It may be interesting 
to know 'that the late Right Hon. Sir Henry Edward Bartle Frere, 
Bart., G.C.B. (bom at Brecon, March 29, 1815), spent the early years 
of his life at Bitton, where lived also his father and mother, who 
now lie buried in the churchyard, with others of the family. The 
Freres resided in a house then called The Eectory, but now known 
as The Grange. Edward Frere, Esq., in 1833, became the tenant : 
he died in 1844, and his son William Edward purchased it, in 1857, 
of the lessee, Sir Thomas F. Fremantle, Bart., who had purchased 
the whole prebendal estate of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners 
(Ellacombe's History of Bitton, p. 90). Sir Bartle Frere died at 
his residence, Wressil Lodge, Wimbledon, May 29, 1884, and was 
buried, June 5, in the crypt of St. Paul's Cathedral, within a few 
yards of Lord Nelson's monument. For an obituary notice, see 
Annual Register, 1884, pt. ii., p. 136. 

Near Bitton Church are six almshouses, with this inscription : 
" In memory of | Edward and Mary Ann [nee Greene] Frere, 
sometime of this parish, | these Almshouses were erected ] by their 
grateful and affectionate children, | Anno Domini 1859." 

In the nave of the church there is a three-light window, with 
this inscription : " As a humble offering for the adorning of God's 
House, this window was placed by the nephews and nieces of 
Jane Ellenor Frere. While mourning the loss of her loving presence 
and bright example on earth, they rejoice in the remembrance of the 
fervent piety of one, who, after the manner of holy women of old, 
1 sat at Jesus' feet ' (Luke x. 39), * ministered to the poor ' (Acts ix. 
36), 'taught the saints of His flock' (2 Tim. iii. 15). She fell 
asleep in sure and certain hope of the resurrection to eternal life 
through our Lord Jesus Christ, April 6 th , 1872, in the 69 th year 
of her age." G A w 

1169. THE CANN FAMILY. A correspondent made this inquiry 
some years ago through Notes and Queries (1 st S. vii. 330) : Can 
any of your correspondents enlighten me as to the origin of this 
family name ; and if of foreign extraction, as I suspect, in what 
county of England they first settled ? There is a village in Dorset- 
shire called Cann St. Rumbold. Possibly this may afford some 
clue. Burke informs us that William Carm, Esq., was mayor of 
Bristol in 1648, and that his son, Sir Robert Cann, also mayor, and 
afterwards M.P. for that city, was knighted by Charles II. in 1662, 
and created a baronet, September 13th in the same year. The title 
became extinct in 1765, by the death of Sir Robert Cann, the 
sixth baronet. The first baronet had several brothers, some of 
whom most probably left issue, as I find a respectable family of 
that name now [1853], and for many years past, located in Devon- 
shire ; but I am not aware if they are descended from the same 
stock. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 195 

1170. THE NEWNHAM STATE SWORD. (See No. 962.) The 
Bristol Times of June 3, 1865, contains the following: "A 
Mr. James, in 1850, bought the manor of Newnham-on-Severn, 
and, by so doing, obtained the custody of a sword of state presented 
to the town by King John. Mr. James's executors have advertised 
the manor for sale, together with the sword of state. The rector 
and churchwardens of Newnham have applied to the Court of 
Chancery to prevent this ' betrayal of the precious hilt from lust of 
gold,' and Vice-Chancellor Wood has granted the application." Can 
any reader state what has become of the ancient relic 1 j j^ 

1171. CHRISTOPHER COLE, OF CHELTENHAM. In Marshall's 
Genealogist (July, 1879), vol. iii., p. 289, in an article on the family 
of Cole, of Woodview, Co. Cork, mention is made of " Christopher 
Cole, of Cheltenham, born 8 Dec., 1767, ob. s. p. s. 24 Aug., 1850, 
buried at Cheltenham." Mr. Cole, as likewise stated, was president 
of the " Cheltenham Knot of Friendly Brothers of the Order of 
St. Patrick," by whom his portrait [now at Woodview] was 
presented to him. Where may I ascertain further particulars of 
him, and likewise of the branch of the order over which he 
presided? j Q. 

1172. THE THEYER FAMILY AND MSS. (See No. 399.) 
" W.A.P." sent this communication to Notes and Queries (6 th S. xi. 
487) : Having read a great deal in Wood's Athence Oxonienses and 
Bigland's Gloucestershire about John Theyer, or Thayer, Gentleman, 
of Cooper's Hill, Brockworth, Gloucestershire, and being much 
interested in the matter, I shall be glad to learn if any representatives 
or direct descendants of this John Theyer, who nourished in 1668, 
are now living, and also if any further particulars may be gleaned 
from any source other than those I have already mentioned. On 
inquiring at the British Museum last year [1884] about the 
manuscripts collected by John Theyer, and now supposed to be in 
" The King's Library," strange to say, I could gain no information 
from the officials respecting them. 

In the succeeding volume, p. 31, the Rev. S. E. Bartleet, of 
Brockworth, replied : 

I do not know that there is very much to say about John Theyer 
beyond what is recorded in Athence Oxonienses. Wood there 
speaks of him as having inherited a number of the MSS. belonging 
to the priory of Lanthony, Gloucester, from his grandfather, who 
was brother-in-law to the last prior. No doubt this was so, as the 
said prior, Richard Hart, by his will dated August 1, 1545, 
bequeaths "to my sister Annes and her two sons, Eichard and 
Thomas Theare, four silver spoons and household effects," including 
" my great brass pot that I brew in, and my great copper with a board 
nailed on to it, with all my hangings in the hall at Brockworth, 
with the tables, trussils, and form in the same Hall." By a 



196 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

schedule made September 25, . 1545, Eichard Hart makes his 
brother-in-law, Thomas Theare, one of his executors, and gives him 

405. 

I find by some old deeds, kindly lent me by Sir William Guise, 
the record of a lease of certain lands to the aforesaid Thomas 
Theyer for eighty years, in 1541. Among the same deeds is also 
the settlement, by John Theyer, the elder, son of Thomas aforesaid, 
of a messuage -and tenement called Cowpers, on his son John and 
his wife Susanna, on the marriage of John with the said Susanna. 
This is dated 1628, and marks, therefore, the date of the 
antiquary's marriage and the name of his wife. John, the father, 
died in 1631. Our parish registers are complete from 1559, and 
contain a great many entries of baptisms, marriages, and burials of 
various Theyers. The antiquary's marriage is not recorded in 
them, nor, I think, the birth of any of his children. The baptism 
of Charles, his grandson, son of John and Anna Theyer, to whom 
Wood says he left his library, took place at Brockworth, July 8, 
1650. The name given the child, the year after the execution of 
the king, is an indication of the loyal feelings of the family. 

There are still Theyers at Brockworth, the representative of the 
family being a yeoman, farming his own land. He is almost certainly 
akin to, but perhaps not descended from, the celebrated antiquary. It 
may be interesting to note that the hall at Brockworth, from which 
the " hangings " were taken which Prior Hart left to his sister, is 
still standing. It was the Court of the priors of Lanthony, who 
were lords of the manor of Brockworth. It was built by Richard 
Hart, last prior ; and on one of the walls within the building is 
painted E.H.P., standing for Eichard Hart, Prior, with the 
pomegranate, the emblem of Katharine of Arragon. There is a 
good illustration of the building in vol. vii. of the Transactions of 
the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society. The house 
of John Theyer on Cooper's Hill also remains, in external 
appearance, not, perhaps, much changed. It is used for stabling 
and other farm offices. 

The MSS. left by Theyer are described in Casley's Catalogue of 
the King's Library in the British Museum. 

I should like to ask if anyone can give me any information as to 
the will of John Theyer, by which, according to Wood, he left his 
MSS. to his grandson Charles. I have searched in vain the indexes 
at Somerset House, Lambeth, and the Probate Court at Gloucester. 
John Theyer was buried at Brockworth, August 28, 1673. 
Tradition marks the spot as under the great yew tree in the church- 
yard, but there is no stone or other memorial of him in the church 
or churchyard. 

1173. THE EODWAY FAMILY, OP EODBOROUGH. I am collecting 
all available information respecting my family, the Eodways of 
Eodborough, Co. Gloucester, and I take the liberty of asking your 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 197 

assistance. Two of my ancestors, Gyles and John Rodway, were 
mayors of Gloucester about the end of the seventeenth century. 
Mr. Alfred Scott Gatty (Eouge Dragon, Pursuivant) has favoured 
me with a pedigree dating from the year 1569, in which I see that 
members of the family have intermarried with the Kimber, 
Sanders, Rogers (of Bristol), Wintle, Holder, Heven, and other 
families. Our arms are : Arg. on a fess az., three roses or, between 
three bugle-horns stringed sa. ; with crest : A roebuck trippant, ppr. 

Aston Hall, near Birmingham. ALFRED J. RODWAY. 

1174. WOOD'S COPPER COINAGE, 1723. In Notes and Queries 
(6 th S. xii. 7) Mr. Edward Solly has written as follows : In the 
patent granted by George I. to William Wood for coining copper 
money for Ireland, which led to Swift's celebrated Drapier's Letters, 
there was also power given to coin halfpence, pence, and twopences 
for His Majesty's plantations in America. In the Freeholders 1 
Journal for January 23, 1723, it is stated that he began the coinage 
for Ireland on Monday, the 21st inst., "in a building erected for 
that purpose in Phoenix Street, near the Seven Dials ; and that in 
about a month's time he will commence to coin copper money for 
America at Bristol ; which will be made of a beautiful compound 
metal ; his Majesty's head and the inscription Georgius Rex being 
on the one side ; on the reverse a rose, with this motto, Rosa 
Americana utile dulci." The fate of the coinage for Ireland is well 
known ; what was the fate of that intended for America ? 

In the same volume, p. 117, this reply appears : Presumably the 
patent for the American coinage was withdrawn simultaneously 
with that for Ireland. The coins are scarce, in addition to which 
Ruding quotes that " this money was rejected in a manner not so 
decent as that of Ireland." 

1175. SHAKESPEARE AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE. (Reply to No. 
1032.) I am not prepared to accept Mr. Phillimore's theory. A 
man named Clement Perkes was contemporary with Shakespeare, 
and lived at Fladbury, Worcestershire, a part of which parish has 
long been known as " Hill," and is still so called. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. THOMAS P. WADLEY, M.A. 

1176. A GLOUCESTERSHIRE CUSTOM. (Reply to No. 1055.) 
Your correspondent G. A. W. may be interested in learning that 
the custom which he mentions prevails in Warwickshire. Mr. D'Arcy 
Power has the following communication in the Folk-Lore Journal, 
June, 1884, p. 187: "A few months ago, in a village not far 
from Stratford-on-Avon, I noticed a quantity of chaff before a 
house door; on my return home, I mentioned that I supposed 
so-and-so was moving, when I was at once met with the reply, 
* Because of the chaff at his door 1 Oh, no ; that is the way our 
people show their feeling for wife-beaters.'" 



198 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Mr. W. Henderson, in his Folk-Lore of the Northern Counties, 
says, 'p. 32 (ed. 1879) : " Near Preston, in Yorkshire, popular 
displeasure against a wife-beater is shown by scattering chaff or 
straw in front of his door amid groans and cries of indignation." 

Cardiff. F. C. BIRKBECK TERRY. 

1177. DAME ALICE HAMPTON. (Reply to No. 1096.) A turret 
clock in my possession strikes the hours and quarters on a bell on 
which is the following inscription in old English capitals : 
"DAME ALYS HAMPTON + 

+ LH.S. 

A MDXC." 

There may be more on the bell, but this I cannot ascertain 
unless it were moved from its present position. It is celebrated in 
the neighbourhood for its sweet tone. I have no idea how it came 
into the possession of my family. j^ ^ p 

Minchinhampton. 

1178. WILLIAM JENNINGS, B.D., FIRST DEAN OF GLOUCESTER, 
1541-65. (Reply to No. 1140.) In Notes and Queries (6 th S. xi. 
514) a correspondent has replied : William Jennings, who died 
November 4, 1565, " was buried in the middle of the choir, opposite 
the choristers' seat, and had a large stone laid over him, which was 
removed in the year 1818 to the east cloister before the old chapter- 
house door j at each corner of which stone his arms are engraved 
on a brass plate, viz., 1. On a fess three roundels; 2. A bull's 
head caboshed ; 3. On two bars six martlets ; 4. As the first. On 
another plate is the following inscription : 

' Hie Gulielme jaces Jeninges, quern sex quater annos 

Edes decanum viderat ista suum. 
Milleni, a Christo, quinginti bisque triceni 
Et quinti, quarta luce Novembris obis. 
Clarus avo fueras, clarus patre, clarus et ipse ; 

Doctrina clarus, clarus et ingenio. 
Non tarn pane tuo, quam Christi pane replesti 

Christicolas, ergo vivis et astra tenes.' " 

Whilst he was dean he was incumbent of St. John's in Gloucester 
[1546-7], and of Swindon, Beverstone [1554], and Cromhall [1541- 
65]. He was a monk of St. Peter's Abbey, the last prior of 
St. Oswald's, and also the king's chaplain. See Rudder's Gloucester- 
shire, p. 161 (Cirencester, 1779). 

1179. TYTHERINGTON PARISH CHURCH. Mr. Thomas S. Pope, 
of Bristol, architect, has furnished the following description of the 
architectural features of this church, as observed during the recent 
restoration : 

The church of Tytherington appears to have been built during the 
Norman period, which is now termed transition, that is to say, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 199 

late in the twelfth century, and then most probably consisted of 
two towers, nave, and chancel, and perhaps north aisle ; but the 
only remains found of that period were the niche over the interior 
doorway of the south porch, and the impost of the chancel arch, 
which was fixed to a wall between the nave and the chancel. The 
battering, or decrease, in the thickness of walls as they become 
higher is generally a mark of Early English work, and this is well 
shown in the staircase turret to the tower. At the beginning of 
the thirteenth century, or Early English period, the north aisle 
seems to have been added, as shown by the Early English and 
remaining north-east end of the arcade in the north aisle, the only 
one remaining of the old work, and from which the other arches 
have been copied. An early lancet window was also discovered at 
the west end of the south aisle upon the removal of the vestry, a 
modern room, which was nearly tumbling down. The traceried 
two-light window at the east end of the north aisle, probably very 
nearly fourteenth century work, seems to have formed the pattern 
for the other traceried windows in the aisles the others in the 
aisles being evidently copies made in the fifteenth century from the 
early window in the north aisle. The battering to the wall around 
this north aisle window is very evident. The south porch was 
nearly tumbling down at the time of the restoration, and has been 
rebuilt. The porch appears to have been rebuilt at the time of 
rebuilding the chancel, of which more hereafter. The Norman 
niche over the interior door was discovered in situ during the 
restoration, and most probably had contained a statue of the patron 
saint, St. James ; and we also found the holy water stoup in the 
eastern wall, apparently of fifteenth century date, judging from the 
cusping. Somewhat similar stoups are to be seen at Iron Acton and 
Rangeworthy churches. The old roof of the porch had no features 
of interest, being merely plain rafters without ties. Small one-light 
windows have been added to the sides. The chancel appears to 
have been rebuilt, or nearly so, about a hundred years ago, the 
eastern walls and north wall probably receiving the old east window 
of Decorated date, but an Italian sill being placed to the mullions, 
and rustic Italian quoins to the angles. An old elliptical arched 
window was found in the north wall, which has been filled in with 
tracery. The chancel roof was before the recent restoration formed 
with Queen post trusses and a flat plaster ceiling. Pieces of charred 
woodwork give the idea that the chancel had been burnt down at 
some period, and the destruction of the arch between the chantry 
chapel and chancel seems to favour this theory. The piscina 
remaining in the south wall of the south aisle, and the opening 
between the chancel and chapel, seem to show that this was formerly 
a chantry chapel, most probably with the tomb of the founder in 
the recess of the chancel wall, like the Codrington chapel in 
Wapley church. In removing the walling of this arch the remains 
of a tomb were found, now built in the eastern wall of the south 



200 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

aisle. During the recent work the ancient priest's door leading into 
the chapel was discovered, and has been re-opened. The eastern 
window of this chapel, a three-light one, is of the usual Somerset- 
shire type, and different from the other windows in the church. It 
was, I think, during the rebuilding of the chancel that the present 
odd arrangement of the arcade to the south aisle was made, the old 
fourteenth century piers being raised on rubble masonry, so as to 
make them about level with the early arches in the north aisle, and 
the moulded work all removed, most probably to carry out the 
Italian idea of uniformity, so that the aisles should be about equal 
in height, the southern aisle being formerly a low one. The font 
is a comparatively modern one the date is uncertain. The seats 
are copied from the ancient oak seats remaining in the church, 
three in number, of which one has been preserved in the north 
aisle. The roofs are the ancient ones discovered upon removing the 
plastered ceilings, each rafter being trussed separately, and are 
probably of the Early English period. The roof near the south 
aisle had evidently been much altered. The old Jacobean altar 
table has been repaired and restored to its use in the chancel ; it 
formerly served as a table in the vestry. The old desk to which 
the books were chained still remains in the chapel. The antiquity 
of Tytherington is shown by the fine remains of a Roman or 
British camp upon the hill above the quarry. 

1180. SMYTH FAMILY : EXTKACTS FROM REGISTERS. (See No. 
1152.) The following extracts may be of some interest in con- 
nection with the name of Jarrit Smyth : 

All Saints', Evesham. 

Baptisms. 

1650. Dec. 26. Anne, d. of Jarret Smith. 

1653. July 17. William, s. of Jarret Smith. 

1655. June 22. Jarrett, s. of Jarrett Smith. 

1657. May 3. Marie, d. of Jarrett Smith. 

1660. July 29. Jane, d. of Jarret Smyth. 

1666. April 8. Elizabeth, d. of Jarret Smith. 

1685. June 26. Ann, d. of M r Jarrett Smith. 

1689. Oct. 29. Sara, d. of Jarrat Smyth, Apo. 

1692. Nov. 30. Thomas, s. of Jarrit Smith. 

1693. Oct. 5. Sarah and Mary, twins of Jarret Smyth, 

Apoth. 

695. Oct. 18. Sarah, d. of Jarrett Smyth, Apothec. 
1696. Dec. 10. Elizabeth, d. of Jarret Smyth, Apothecary. 

1699. April 14. Charles, s. of Jerrrett and Sarah Smyth. 

1700. June 27. Jarrett, s. of Jarrett and Sarah Smith. 
1702. Dec, 4. Frances, d. of Jarrett and Sarah Smith. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 201 

Marriages. 

1682. Jan. 8. M r Jarret Smith and M rs Sarah Feild. 
1686. April 12. William Smith and Debora Fairfax. 

Burials. 

1675. Oct. 10. Anne, d. of M r Jarret Smith. 

Oct. 31. Elizabeth, d. of the same. 

Nov. 28. Anne, wife of the same. 
1681. Aug. 12. M r Jarret Smith. 

1685. June 28. Ann, d. of M r Jarret Smith. 

1690. Jan. 27. Jarrat, s. of Jarrat Smyth. 

1693. Oct. 28. Mary, d. of Jarrett Smyth, Apoth. 

Oct. Sarah, d. of the same. 
1695. Nov. 1. Sarah, d. of the same. 
1700. Nov. 24. Jarrett, s. of the same. 
1702. May 23. M r Jerrett Smith. 

1709. Jan. 18. William, s. of M r Jarret Smith. 

1712. Dec. 26. M r Jarrit Smith, Apothecary. 

1713. Mar. 10. M rs Sarah Smith, widow. 

St. Laurence's, Evesham. 
Burials. 

1705. April 21. Jarret, s. of Erancis Smith. 

June 14. Francis Smith. 

Salford, co. Warwick, near Evesham. 

1714. Feb. 6. William, s. of Jarret Smith, was bapt. 
1719. Feb. 7. Anne, d. of Jarret Smith, was bapt. 

1726. July 12.' Benjamin and John, sons of Jarret Smyth, 
were bapt. ; and bur. July 15. 

Nov. 10. Jarret Smyth was bur. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. THOMAS P. WADLEY, M.A. 

MSI. ROGER BACON, THE PHILOSOPHER. This great man was 
born in 1214, and died in 1284. "It is true," as the late Mr. 
Lysons has allowed in his Gloucestershire Achievements, p. 22, "that 
most biographers assert that he was born near Ilchester [in Somer- 
setshire], without saying in what village, but Camden and Atkyns 
point out the spot as St. Mary's Mills, at Chalford, near Stroud, 
where a room exists which is still called Friar Bacon's study. The 
house having been occupied by my own grandfather, great-grand- 
father, and great-great-grandfather, I can answer for the same tradition 
as handed down to me to that extent. I cannot help thinking that 
our historians had good grounds for their statements, and that Ilchester 
has crept in from some mis-reading, in some manuscripts, for 
Cirencester, from which place St. Mary's Mills are about eight miles 
distant. No doubt there was a family of Bacon in Gloucestershire 



202 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



at that period. Philip Bacon was the bailiff of Henbury, in this 
county, at the beginning of the reign of Edward L, 1274 (Rotuli 
Hundredorum)" 

In accordance with the above-named authorities, and following in 
the steps of Mr. Lysons, Mr. Dorington, of Lypiatt Park, at the 
industrial exhibition held at Horsley, April 17, 1884, took the 
opportunity of referring to the old philosopher in these terms : 
England owes a great part of her supremacy to inventors, who, from 
time to time, rose from the ranks of the people, and to these 
inventions we owe the great manufacturing supremacy we at present 
enjoy. Looking back into the history of the past they had one 
very remarkable man, who arose, not from Horsley, but out of a 
valley not so very remote from Horsley, namely, the valley in a 
place called Toadsmoor, where it is said that the great Eoger Bacon 
was born, and that he afterwards lived at St. Mary's Mill. He was 
perhaps the most remarkable man England ever produced, but 
unfortunately he lived before his time, and was never appreciated 
by the people of England as he ought to have been ; in fact, at the 
time he lived he was regarded as a necromancer, and looked upon 
as a very doubtful character. There are some very curious records 
of what he taught and what he did. He was supposed to practise 
the black art. It was rather a remarkable thing that one of the 
Roman popes was the first person to take Bacon up. He wrote to 
him that he should like to read his books, and it was only in 
response to a mandate of the pope, taking off all orders to the 
contrary, that Bacon wrote his three great books and sent them to 
the pope. Where were they? They ought to be in this neighbour- 
hood or somewhere in England, but they only existed, so far as he 
knew, in their titles, unless they were in the library of the pope of 
Eome. Bacon was supposed to have invented gunpowder ; he was 
certainly acquainted with optics. Many strange stories were told 
of him, some of which of course were not true. One was that an 
English king was engaged in the siege of a town in Erance, and 
hearing of Bacon's powers sent for him to burn the- town. There 
was no doubt that story was founded upon the use of lenses as 
burning glasses, Bacon having astonished the people by collecting 
the rays of the sun with glass. There was another story which 
credited Bacon with a most valuable invention if it could be put in 
practice at the present time. Bacon had read in his old books how 
greatly England had suffered from foreign invasion, the invasion of 
the Danes and the Saxons, and perhaps of the Normans, so he 
thought whether he could not surround England with a wall of brass, 
endowed with such mysterious properties that an enemy could not 
get over it. With this object he formed, with the help of a fellow- 
workman, a great brass head, and was led to believe that 
this head would somehow or other speak, and that when it spoke it 
would tell him how the brass wall should be built, and how it would 
protect England, He was also told that when this brass head spoke 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 203 

it would only speak once, and that unless he was prepared to receive 
what the head spoke at the time, the head would be of no service 
to him ; and so he watched three weeks, night and day, and then 
was tired, and turned the head over to another, and then the head 
spoke and said "Time is." The man thought that was a very 
unimportant communication, and he would not wake Roger 
Bacon ; and so time was, and time passed, and the head tumbled 
down, and was smashed to pieces, and the great bronze wall for the 
protection of England was never built. Of course this was 
mentioned to show how wondrous stories might be fabricated, and 
how a man whom his neighbours could not understand was 
kept back. He (Mr. Dorington) hoped the inventors in this neigh- 
bourhood would not be kept in the cold shade, and be unable to 
develop their talents. Such an exhibition as the present one gave 
them an opportunity. 

1182. GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL AND WELSH ECCLESIASTICAL 
PATRONAGE. A correspondent writes to the Western Mail: It has 
often puzzled Welsh people to know how came it that the dean and 
chapter of Gloucester Cathedral have the patronage of several livings 
in Glamorganshire. During the last few days I have been engaged 
at the Eecord Office and the British Museum in searching out the 
history of the matter. In the abstract of Roll 33 Hen. VIII., 
relating to the monastic properties at the time of the dissolution 
of the monasteries, Tewkesbury Abbey held the following Welsh 
livings, the names of which I give in the modern spelling : Llantwit, 
Llanblethian, Llantrisant, Penmark, Cwm Capel, St. Donatts et 
Cardiff, Cardiff et Roth (Roath), and Llantewitte. (There is some 
mystery in this name. The first of the kind in the list is 
spelt Llantwill in the Latin copy. One of the two must mean 
Llanilltyd Yawr, and the other Llanilltyd Vardre. But which of 
the two churches is meant by Llantewitte 1 Llantwit, the modern 
form of the name, is evidently derived from Llantewitte.) Llandough, 
Llanishen et Llysfaen, Bonvilstone (?), St. Andrews, St. Pagans, 
Coity, Wenvoe et Wingeston (spelt in the Latin copy Winfree), 
and Newton Natton (Kottage?). In an old Latin manuscript found 
at Tewkesbury Abbey it is stated "It is scarce credible how much 
the monastery of Tewkesbury was improved and advanced by the 
favour of Robert Fitz-Hamon ; the beauty of their buildings and 
the hospitality of their monks did please the sight and affect the 
hearts of all who came thither." In a charter granted by Henry I., 
dated Winchester, in the year 1106, I find the king confirming the 
following grant made by Robert Pitz-Hamon to Tewkesbury 
Abbey: "In Wales the parish church of St. Mary, in the town of 
Cardiff, with one plough's tillage (carucate, that is, 100 acres of 
land) ; the chapel in the castle of Cardiff, with one plough's tillage; 
and the tithes of all the rents of the demesnes of the town of 
Cardiff; the tithes of all the demesnes which Robert, the son of 



204 GLOUCESTEKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Fitz-Hamon, held in Wales ; the tithes of all the baron's holdings 
of Fitz-Hamon throughout all Wales. All that branch of water of 
Taflf which is near the church, from the issuing out of Taff till it 
goes into Taff again, to make fishponds therewith, or any other 
conveniencies for the church ; and the meadow on the other side of 
the water near the church. The village called Llandoho, the land 
given by Walter de Llandebethian, the tithes of the land which the 
abbot of Gloucester hath in Llancarvan, the church of Llanhiltunit, 
the land which Wakelyn gave, the water mill at Eaz (Rhath 
Roath?), and the fisheries which Robert de Hay gave, the land 
which Robert, the son of Nigel, gave the church of Newcastle." 
In 33 Hen. VIII. Tewkesbury Abbey was dissolved, and its abbot 
made the first bishop of Gloucester. The other religious persons 
found in it were pensioned off. From that time to this the chapter 
of Gloucester has held what Fitz-Hamon and Henry I. took away 
from the Welsh people. It is stated that most of the estates thus 
transferred belonged at one time to the great seat of learning which, 
prior to the Norman conquest of Glamorgan, existed at Llantwit 
Major. j a 

1183. TEMPLE GUITING CHURCH. The parish church of the 
picturesque village of Temple Guiting has been recently re-opened 
(1885) after restoration. About the middle of the last century it 
was altered and embellished in the usual style of the Georgian 
period by the late Rev. Dr. Talbot, for many years incumbent of 
the parish, and one of the founders of the Gloucester Infirmary. 
Since that time but little repair appears to have been bestowed 
upon the sacred edifice, with the exception of a thorough restoration 
of the belfry about fifteen years ago, when the bells were re-cast 
and re-hung at the expense of the parishioners generally, and a new 
clock was presented by the late Miss Talbot, of Temple Guiting 
House. For some years the remainder of the church urgently 
needed repairs, and the state of the roof had become absolutely 
dangerous. Plans were prepared during the lifetime of Miss Talbot, 
but owing to her death, were not carried out until the present time. 
The alterations and improvements in the chancel are most marked. 
The north and south walls have been partly rebuilt, and the tracery 
restored to the windows. A new roof has also been provided, and 
the floor laid with encaustic tiles, and the old pews have been re- 
placed by new choir stalls and a reading-desk. A new arch, which 
is a fine specimen of workmanship, has been erected. In the nave 
the old stucco ceiling, which was threatening to fall in, has been 
restored. The old decayed lead on the roof has been replaced by 
new. The tracery of one window in the transept, and of one in the 
nave, has been restored. The comfort of the worshippers has not been 
overlooked. In place of the old high-backed and enclosed pews, low 
reclining seats with open ends have been provided. All the walls 
have been scraped and pointed, and the old north doorway re-opened 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 205 

and a new porch added. Various interesting specimens of architecture 
some underground and some in the walls have been disclosed. 
Part of an old Saxon cross was discovered, and has been preserved 
in the wall of the porch, as also the base, shaft, and capital which 
formerly supported a Norman arch. Some Norman work has also 
been found built in the chancel wall. The works have been satis- 
factorily carried out by Messrs. Hookham and Son, of Stow-on-the- 
Wold, according to the plans of Mr. J, E. K. Cutts, of London. 
The cost of the restoration effected is .1,060, but to complete the 
work thoroughly at least .500 more will be required. 

1184. NOTES ON THE PARISH OF PITCHCOMBE. Pitchcombe 
does not appear to be mentioned by name in Domesday: it has been 
thought by some that it was then a part of Harescombe, with which 
it has been ecclesiastically connected for many centuries, the two 
rectories having been held together from a very early period. It 
would seem that it was a part of the " Terra Eegis ; ' in the time of 
the Norman usurper "Bertona Eegis" or King's Barton; and 
hence it may be included in Domesday, " in Bertune," where King 
Edward had nine hides, of which seven were in demesne. At a 
later period also we find it asserted, " Pychenecumbe tenetur de 
Eege," and it is included in a " memorandum " of those lands and 
tenements of which the king shall have custody, and escheats, 
if they occur. It forms part of the now united hundreds of 
Duddeston and King's Barton, from the rest of which it is entirely 
detached, being surrounded on the one side by the parishes of 
Haresfield, Standish, and Eandwick, which are in the hundred of 
Whitstone, and on the other, by Stroud and Painswick, which 
belong to the hundred of Bisley. It is described in an old map, 
A.D. 1624, now in the possession of the corporation of Gloucester, 
(for which information I am indebted to the kindness of K,edgwin 
H. Fryer, Esq., the late mayor,) as the "In-Shire" of "the Citty 
and County of Gloucester." 

The first occurrence of the name is, I think, in the letters of 
Gilbert Foliot, abbot of Gloucester, 1139-48, (afterwards bishop of 
Hereford, and of London, and the antagonist of Becket). He 
addresses Joceline, bishop of Salisbury, complaining of certain men, 
viz., John of Marlborough and Walter of Pinchcumb, who had 
committed various depredations upon the possessions of the Abbey, 
to the extent of more than two hundred marks, causing such injury 
to the property near them that its value was greatly reduced, and 
not blushing to expend the spoil in an evil manner. He implores 
the bishop's help and the speedy punishment of the transgressors 
by the sword, which he reminds him he did not carry in vain, but 
in order that he might strike the wicked and the foes of the 
Church. 

In the series of " Pedes Einium " (" sive Finales Concordise in 
Curia Domini Eegis ") in the Public Eecord Office, we find that in 



206 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

5 John (1204), Kobert Fitz Kalph quit claims twelve acres of land, 
with their appurtenances, in " Pichencumbe," to Eobert Briton, for 
which he had given to the said Kobert Fitz Ralph the sum of 
fourteen pounds sterling, or, as it has been otherwise read, fourteen 
pounds seven shillings, this portion of the document being much 
faded and almost illegible, through its age, viz., six hundred and 
eighty years. 

In 8 Hen. III. (1224), the Close Rolls contain an order to the 
sheriff of Gloucester to give seisin to Ralph de Vernai of three 
virgates in " Pichelecumb," which "pertain to our manor of the 
Berton, for his sustentation in our service, so long as it may please 
us ; " also, if anything had been taken into the hands of the king, 
it was to be forthwith restored. The king's writ is dated " ap' Glouc' 
xx die Nov." By a similar writ, King John (anno 17, 1216) had 
ordered the sheriff to permit Ralph de Vernay to have the adjoining 
manor of " Rindewic," unless it were worth more than ten pounds 
per annum. The Charter Rolls also mention Ralph de Yernay as 
formerly holding " una caruc' et xxij solid' redd' " in Pitchcombe 
" de dono Regis Johannis." He appears to have died soon after the 
grant (or regrant) of King Henry, since the " custos of the honour 
of Willingeford " is ordered to see that " Amabilia q' fuit uxor Rad' 
de Vernay " have her lawful dower : and in a writ " ap' Abbendon 
ix die Octob r ," the king commands Osbert Giffard to give up " blada, 
res, catalla vasa et o'ia utesilia alia q' invenit i' t'ra Rad' de Vernay," to 
the said Amabilia and the executors of his will. 

In " Testa de Nevill," Osbert Giffard " tenet in Pichenecumbe iij 
virg' terr' et dimid' de dono Domini Regis," worth 62 shillings, and 
also the carucate and 22 s rent, formerly in the possession of Ralph 
de Vernay. As Archdeacon Rudge has stated, " it appears by an 
extract from the Pipe Office Rolls, that 'firma de Pinchcomb' 
belonged to Osbert Giffard in the reign of Hen. III." 

It is not easy to identify this Osbert, for there appear to have 
been several of the name, a natural son of King John, and others ; 
viz., Osbert Giffard de Norfolk and Osbert Giffard de Brimsfelde, 
one of whom may have been " Osbert Giffard, his sister's son, whom 
Thomas, the first lord Berkeley, gave up as one of his hostages, 
when Berkeley Castle, which John had seized, was restored." 
(Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, i. 459.) 

An " Osbert Giffard " was among the companions of D'Albiney, 
who so gallantly held Rochester Castle against King John and his 
horde of foreign mercenaries for seven weeks, but who at. last, 
subdued by famine, threw themselves on the royal mercy: John 
ordered them to be hanged without exception; but revoked the 
order on the remonstrance of Sauvery de Mauleon, that the barons 
would retaliate. The knights were consigned to the dungeons of 
different castles ; and the prisoners of inferior rank were distributed 
as presents among his retainers. Osbert Giffard and other knights 
("captos in Castro Roffensi") are shown by the Close Rolls, 17 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 207 

John, to have been committed by the king to the care of Peter de 
Mauley for safe custody ; the chronicler of Dunstaple saying of the 
knights, "quos post multa tormenta per gravem redemptionem postea 
relaxavit." Some, however, remained long in captivity, and in 
6 Hen. III. (1221) we find an entry of receipt of money from 
Peter de Mauley on account of the "redemption of prisoners," 
" de Osb to Giffard, 108." 

The Inquisitions post Mortem, 31 Hen. III. (1247), make mention 
of his wife Isabella, and of Alicia Murdic (probably her sister) : 
they shew lands held in Somerset, Devon, Northamptonshire, 
Oxfordshire, Dorset, and at " Pinchecumbe " and Acton in this 
county, these latter being worth 106 s 8 d . At the end of the return 
for the county of Somerset occurs another entry, viz., " Osbert 
Giffard held a carucate of land and 28 s rent by scutage from the 
king, the same carucate and rent being worth five marks, and paying 
a rent of five shillings to the sheriff of Gloucester." In Somerset 
and Dorset he held the manor of Foxcote of Maurice de Berklay, 
and the ville of Theaumes of Elias Giffard; also the manor of 
Winterborne Henton of Reginald Mohun at feefarm (xiiij 11 x 8 ); 
and Langeham, in the manor of Gillinghain, of the king, rendering 
a pair of spurs, or iiij d , at the feast of St. Michael. 

Osbert Giffard, his son, was found to be his heir, and it was said 
that he was of the age of twelve years and a half (Somerset 
Inquis.), or thirteen years "in quindena ante Fest. Scti Joh. Bapt.," as 
in the Dorset Inquisition. He was also the heir of the above-named 
Alicia Murdic, who held certain lands of Beatrice, her sister. 
(Excerpta & Kot. Fin. i. 186.) Before he became of age, the king 
(Henry III.) talliaged his demesnes, and the Fine Rolls (1252) 
contain the king's writ concerning a respite for the Pitchcombe 
lands: "It is commanded to the sheriff of Gloucester that he 
defer the demand which he makes of xxv sol. of the talliage assessed 
upon the land which belonged to Osbert Giffard in Pichenecuinb, 
by reason of the talliage which the king has caused to be assessed 

upon his demesnes throughout England because 

the lands and heir of the said Osbert are in the hands of the king" : 
"T. R. apud Clarend' xx die Nov." 

In 37 Hen. III. (1252-3), a grant was made by the abbey of 
Gloucester to Richard le Bret of Pitchcombe, which, as it bears the 
title of " Pichenecumbe " in the Gloucester Chartulary (vol. ii., 
p. 86, no. dlxvii), may perhaps be understood to refer to lands 
situated there, although another locality has been suggested. "This 
is the agreement made between the lord John [de Felda] abbot and 
the convent of St. Peter Gloucester, and Richard le Breth of 
Pichenecumbe, viz., that the said abbot and convent have granted 
and delivered, in the 37th year of the reign of King Henry, the 
son of King John, to the same Richard of Pichenecumbe, and his 
heirs or his assigns, custody of the land, with its appurtenances, 
which Henry de Avenebury formerly held in the manor of Stanedys, 



208 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

'videlicet in Hersecumbe,' with the marriage of the infant and heir 
of the said Henry, without disparagement : to have and to hold the 
custody of the said land, so long as, by the custom of England, he 
ought to be under guardianship, so that they cause neither waste, 
nor destruction, nor deterioration in the appurtenances of the same, 
housebote and heybote excepted. But if anything after the manner 
of men should happen to the said heir, the abbot and convent have 
granted to the said Richard and his heirs custody of the said lands 
and their appurtenances, with the marriage of another existing heir : 
saving to the same the service which pertains to the said land, viz., 
' esquieria,'* and suit of court at Gloucester and at Stanedys, with 
their other free men. For this concession and surrender Richard 
has given to the said abbot and convent fifty marks silver, and one 
tierce (dolium) of wine. And the said Richard and his heirs shall 
observe all these things under a penalty of forfeiting one hundred 
shillings. In testimony whereof we have affixed our seals to this 
writing." 

The Hundred Rolls (4 Edw. I.) shew that Osbert Giffard, son 
and heir of Osbert, was then living : the jurors say that he holds 
Pichenecumbe, which the lord Henry the king gave to his father, 
from the escheat of Ralph de Vernun, which pertains to the 
" Berton " in Gloucester, but that he has not done service at the 
court of the Berton for sixteen years passed. This land is referred 
to in the Gloucester Chartulary, vol. iii., p. 67, in the "Extenta de 
Berthona Regis," where we find, "De liberis tenentibus [juratores] 
dicunt quod hssredes Osberti Giffarde tenent tres virgatas terrse de 
antiqua tenura, reddendo inde quinque solidos, et debent sequi 
curiam Berthonae, et dare tallagium quando dominus rex talliat 
dominica sua per Angliam," 

In 31 Edw. I. (1303), an inquisition was made at Gloucester, 
on Sunday, November 25, the feast of St. Katharine, before 
Thomas de Gardinis, sheriff of Gloucester, in accordance with the 
articles of a writ " Ad quod damnum," whether it would be to the 
prejudice of the lord the king, if Walter le Bret were to give and 
assign a carucate of land, with appurtenances, to " our beloved in 
Christ, the abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester." The jurors (Wm. de 
Clifford, William de Pydesmore, John de Colthrop, Wm. de 
Beyville, Hen. de Wike, Rich. Leffy, Hen. le Fremon de Stanle 
Regis, John le Waleys, Adam atte Mulle, John de la Haye, Hen. 
Eurnagii, Rich, le Newernan,) say upon oath, that Walter le Bret 
holds in the ville of Pichencoumbe a carucate of land of the abbot, 
a messuage with garden, worth yearly xii d : in demesne, 80 acres 

* The service which Eichard le Bret was to perform, viz., " esquieria " to which certain 
Snes S sof TT we h r M UbJeCt ' Was this: WhSamonkwasdesVchedanyThereoTthe 
throughout PnJSS r '* , 6 tenant was to find a squire th a proper horse to follow him 
untU his rptnrn '/f tO Serve him from the time of his departure from the monastery 
k cr^t 2 ** Ca , ITy Upon his own horse the ^rniture of the monk's bed, also a 
readv to irforT^v 6 f t T 1 J aves > and h *lf * sextary of wine or beer : and they were to be 
sSnfno-s wSpTn fc ?i r h 2f v y ^' as often as the y were summoned. If the horse died, ten 
others Wed by the monaster y- This service was sometimes commuted for 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 209 

arable, each acre worth 4 d by the year, sum 26 s 8 d ; a certain 
pasture in severalty, worth 12 d ; 8 acres wood, worth 3 d , sum 2 s . 
Sum of the extent, 30 3 8 d . For these tenements the said Walter 
renders 17 s 4 d by the year, and suit at the court of the said abbot 
every three weeks ; and the lands and tenements are worth by the 
year (in addition to the aforesaid service) 13 s 4 d . They say that 
it is not to the prejudice of the lord the king if the said Walter 
gives and assigns to the abbot and his successors the said lands and 
tenements in Pychenecom.be. 

(To be continued.) 

1185. A STRANGE ANACHRONISM. In her Day spring : a Story 
of the Time of William Tyndale (London, 1882), p. 102, Mrs. 
Marshall has laid herself open to the charge of committing a strange 
anachronism. She represents Tebita as saying, "There then, I'll be 
as proud as a pea-hen to mark your letter, Father Tyndale. My 
mark was set last month against the entry in the register that old 
Christie Martin was shrouded in woollen " ; adding in a foot-note, 
" To encourage the woollen manufacture of the West of England, 
an order in council was issued that the dead should be buried in 
woollen, under pain of a heavy fine if the order was neglected. In 
the old parish register of Stinchcombe there are many entries 
accredited by the mark of two witnesses that the body was buried 
in woollen." 

If not written in ignorance (which is scarcely to be supposed) 
why should one have gone out of the way, in an " historical story," 
. to pass off on the unwary reader so strange a mis-statement ? As 
mentioned ante, No. 564, the " Act for burying in Woollen " was 
not passed until long after Tynda.le's death, viz.,*30 Chas. II., 1678. 

ABHBA. 

1186. HENRY BATHURST, D.D., BISHOP OF NORWICH. Some 
years ago a friend wrote as follows : "I have heard it often asserted 
that the late Dr. Bathurst, Bishop of Norwich [b. October 16, 1744, 
d. April 5, 1837], was the youngest of forty-two children. Can 
this be satisfactorily ascertained? I remember hearing it many years 
since during the bishop's lifetime. Such a circumstance is not 
beyond the bounds of possibility, if we are to believe the parish 
register of Bermondsey; in which there is an entry of the marriage, 
January 4, 1624-5, of James Harriott, Esq., one of the forty 
children of his father." I shall be glad to have further information. 

J. G. 

The statement respecting Bishop Bathurst above given is not 
correct, inasmuch as his father, Benjamin Bathurst, Esq., of Lydney 
Park, third son of Sir Benjamin Bathurst, M.P., had only thirty-six 
children. By his first wife, Finetta, daughter and co-heiress of 

VOL. III. P 



210 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Henry Poole, Esq., of Kemble, Wilts, he had twenty-two, of whom 
one daughter alone had issue, namely Anne, wife of Charles Bragge, 
Esq., of Cleve Hill, Gloucestershire, who was mother of the Eight 
Hon. Charles Bragge Bathurst, father of the late Charles Bathurst, 
Esq., and of the late Kev. Wm. Hiley Bathurst, both of Lydney 
Park. By his second wife, Katherine, daughter of the Kev. 
Laurence Midleton, D.D., of Islip, Oxfordshire, youngest brother 
of Alan, first Viscount Midleton, he had fourteen, of whom Bishop 
Bathurst was third child and second son. See Memoirs and 
Correspondence of Dr. Henry Bathurst, Lord Bishop of Norwich, by 
his daughter, Mrs. Thistlethwayte, London, 1853. EDITOR. 

1187. "PAUL PRY," A CHELTENHAM WEEKLY PERIODICAL. 
In Bennett's Tewkesbury Register and Magazine, 1830-49, vol. iL, 
p. 7, the following instance of summary punishment has been 
recorded : 

FEB. [1840.] This town, as well as Gloucester, Cheltenham, 
and the surrounding villages, had for many months been annoyed 
with an infamous weekly penny publication, entitled Paul Pry ; 
it was printed at Cheltenham, and like similar periodicals circulated 
at that time in other parts of the kingdom, was regularly filled with 
low scandal, scurrility, and base innuendoes and falsehoods the 
humblest and most exalted, the profligate and the virtuous, being 
alike the objects of its vulgar attacks. A number of this work, 
issued on the 7th of February, contained some satirical and coarse 
remarks on certain respectable individuals in this borough; and as 
the local agent refused to give any information respecting the 
author of the offensive articles, he was most severely horsewhipped 
by the maligned parties. The enraged assailants afterwards 
proceeded in a chaise to Cheltenham, and having gained admittance 
to the office of the printer, two of them inflicted similar chastisement 
upon the delinquent typographer, while two others kept guard at 
the outer door, to prevent his neighbours from hastening to his 
rescue. This summary proceeding at once put a stop to these penny 
nuisances ; and as a proof that the townspeople approved of the 
punishment which the printer and publisher of the Paul Pry 
experienced, the costs of the prosecution for the assault were 
defrayed by a subscription. ABHBA. 

1188. ROBERT RAIKES, OP GLOUCESTER. This memorandum 
respecting Robert Raikes, which was printed in the Antiquary 
(Dec., 1876), a very short-lived publication edited by James H. 
Fennell, may not be without some interest : 

Copy of a MS. in the handwriting of, and signed by, 

W. H. Black, F.S.A. 

Yesterday I rode to Oxford with three persons of Gloucester, 
one of whom, happening to mention the name of Raikes, led me to 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 211 

inquire about that family, and I noted down the following 
particulars : 

The person who spoke is a tailor, (but his name I have forgotten), 
and knew old Mr. Raikes well for many years, and made his clothes. 
Mr. Raikes died suddenly [April 5, 1811] : my informant measured 
him for a black silk waistcoat the day before he died, on which day 
his brother was to have dined with him. When Mr. Raikes gave 
up the proprietorship of his newspaper (the Gloucester Journal, 
still published with his name), he had an annuity of .300 out of 
it. He did not die rich, for he was too benevolent to keep much 
money ; and this is and has been the general character of all the 
family. His son is a clergyman in Norfolk, now very pious and 
exemplary, though wild in his youth. I cannot learn his parents' 
names, Mrs. Raikes had Mr. R.'s portrait (which was a most 
correct likeness) framed, and fitted up better, a few years ago, for 
which she paid thirty guineas. Now in his son's possession. My 
informant carried Mr. Raikes to the grave, and stood Mute at the 
door when his widow was buried. Mr. Raikes' will is believed to 
have been proved at Gloucester. They are buried at [St. Mary de] 
Crypt Church, Gloucester; and probably [were] married and 
christened there (I cannot search registers there for these matters). 
There is an old lady named Harness living at Gloucester who 
possesses the family portraits, and can tell more about the family 
than my informant can. 

May 6, 1831. 

1189. CURIOUS INSCRIPTION IN DAGLING WORTH CHURCH. 
According to Bigland's Gloucestershire Collections (1791), vol. i., 
p. 442, the following inscription is in the above-named church : "The 
Dissection and Distribution of | Giles Handcox, | who to Earth 
bequeaths to Earth, to Heaven nis Soule, | to Friends his Love, to 
the Poore a five Pound Dole ; | to remain for ever, and be 
employed | for their best Advantage and Relief | in Daglingworth, | 
April the 9 th , 1638." Whether it is there at present or not, I am 
unable to say, not having had an opportunity of visiting the 
church. j Q. 

1190. INDEX TO MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTIONS : CROMHALL. 
In the church there are twelve mural inscriptions, of which literal 
copies have been taken (1885); and the following is an index to 
the names mentioned therein, with the date of death and the age 
in each case : 

1726. May 23. Andrews [nee Elliot], Elizabeth, 

1733. Aug. 8. Andrews, John, 60 

1812. Jan. 14. Bourke, Edmund Eearon, Esq r , 57 

1800. July 30. Bourke, Mary, 37 

1798. April 23. Chisholme, Agnes, 11 

1812. Dec. 31. Chisholme, James, Esq r , 68 



212 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1801. Dec. 31. Chisholme, Susanna, 59 

[1761. June 11.] Codrington, Ann, [73] 

[No date.] Codrington, John, 

[1780. Jan. 4.1 Codrington, Rachel, [63] 

[1 744. Mar. 3.] Codrington, Robert [Esq r ], [66] 

[No date.] Codrington, William, 

1819. Aug. 1. Codrington, John, 34 

1821. N"ov. 25. Codrington, Mary, 46 

1822. Mar. 12. Codrington, M rs Mary, 69 

1788. Sept. 26. Codrington, William, 35 

1802. April 30. Codrington, William, Jun r , 25 

1819. Nov. 3. Codrington, William, 17 

1842. Aug. 29. Dyer, Charles, 77 

1807. June 23. Dyer [nee Webb], Elizabeth, 86 

1827. Nov. 29. Dyer, Frances, -. 61 

1815. May 15. Dyer, John, 65 

1802. July 25. Dyer, Robert, . 40 

1834. Nov. 2. Dyer, William, 68 

1725. May 6. Elliot, William, 21 

1741. Aug. 24. Hickes, John, 36 

1749. Mar. 25. Hickes [nee Webb], Mary, 69 

1783. May 25. Hickes, Mary, 76 

1710. Sept. 12. Hickes, Nicholas, S.T.B., , 74 

1726. Jan. 11. Hickes, Thomas,* 55 

( Hickes, Mary, 

[No dates.] < Hickes, Richard, 
( Hickes, Thomas, 

1863. Feb. 17. Morris [nee Hardwicke], Priscilla, 77 

1830. May 12. Morris, William, Lieut. R.N., 40 

1780. Oct. 7. Webb [nee Llewelin], Catharine, 61 

1754. Dec. 3. Webb [nee Allen], Lucia, 64 

1731. Sept. 25. Webb, ""Robert, 41 

1762. Aug. 19. Webb, Robert, 44 

1802. Nov. 12. Webb, Thomas, 77 

Rudder (1779) does not give any of these inscriptions, and 
Bigland (1791) only four; but the latter gives twenty-four on flat- 
stones within the church, four of which, commemorative, of 
clergymen, may be specified : Jonathan Pritchard, Rector of the 
parish, March 25, 1679, aged 60; Alington Miles, M. A., Rector, 
Feb. 14, 1734, aged 73 ; John Penn, M.A., Rector, March 10, 1774, 
aged 66 ; and William Griffin, M.A., Minister of Stone, April 8, 
1726, aged 33. Also two in the churchyard, recorded by same: 
Henry Skey, M.A., Rector of Cranford, Middlesex, and Head 
Master of Wickwar School, May 8, 1775, aged 52 ; and Thomas 
Griffin, March 2, 1778. 

* " Mr. Thomas Hicks dwelleth in this parish, near the chnrch, and is descended of an 
ancient family. Sir Baptist Hicks lord viscount Campden, and Sir William Hicks of Beverston, 
were branches of this family." ATKYNS. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



213 



In the churchyard there are some inscriptions of more recent 
date, four of which it may be well to record : 

To the memory of | the Eev d John "Woollcombe, M.A., who 
died on | the 29 th day of November, 1838, | aged 72, | having been 

28 years Rector | of the parish of | Cromhall. 

Sacred to the memory of | William James Copleston, | who 
died Feb?" 3 rd , 1874, aged 69 years, and was 35 years Eector of 
this parish. 

Here rests the body of Charlotte, wife of Frances Copleston, 
Esq r , of the Hon. E.I.C. Service, and of Offwell, Devon. Died 

29 Mar., 1849. 

Here rest the bodies of Jane, widow of Charles Steer, M.A., 
Vicar of Axminster, Devon, who died May 26, 1852; and of her 
niece, Hester Althea Blake, only sister of Elizabeth, wife of 
W. J. Copleston, M.A., Rector of this parish, who died Oct. 21, 1852. 

VIATOR. 

1191. EXTRACTS FROM THE CAMPDEN REGISTER OF BURIALS, 
1645. The register of burials in the parish of Campden contains 
several entries (which may perhaps be of sufficient interest to find 
a place in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries) of the burial of some 
of the garrison of Campden House in the year 1645. The royalists 
occupied the house, a noble mansion then recently built by Baptist, 
first Viscount Campden, from Christmas, 1644, till May 9th in the 
following year, when they burnt it on leaving to join the main army 
of the king. The following are the entries which mark the occu- 
pation of Campden House : 

Walter Glouer y e kings souldier buried y e 18 of January 164-J. 

William Bexter y e kings souldier buried y e 24 of January 164-f> 

Thomas Bowles y e kings souldier buried y e 27 of february 164-f. 

Richard Soler y e kings souldier buried y e 9 of March 164-|. 

Thomas Sela y e kings souldier buried y e same day. 

Captaine Thomas Hall buried y e 19 of Aprill 1645. 

Robert Read y e kings souldier buried y e 3 of May 1645. 

Brockworth Vicarage, Gloucester. s - E - BARTLEET. 

1192. SOME BRIEFS AND COLLECTIONS IN CROXALL CHURCH, 
Dio. LICHFIELD. The following, which refer to Gloucestershire 
cases, may be of interest to your readers : 

1707. March 21. The repairing of Dursley church, in the c 
of Gloucester, 3/-. 

1709. Sept. 11. Repairing of y e parish church of S fc Mary 
Redcliffe in Bristol, 2/-. 

1715. Sept. 25. Poor sufferers by fire at Dryneton, C Stafford, 
and Slimbridge, Glosester, 1/2. 

1717. Oct. 6. Rebuilding of the parish church of Oldbury 
upon Severn, in y e c of Gloucester, 1/6. 



214 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1717. March 6. Poor sufferers by fire at Putley, c of 
Gloucester, and at Jay, in y e c of Salop, 2/3. 

1719. Dec. 13. [Do. at] Cheltenham and Letchlad [Lech- 
lade], Glocester, and Thorntonhough Bickley and Barnston, Chester, 
2/1. 

1721. June 6. Repairing and rebuilding Parish ch. of 
Tewkesbury, c Gloster, 3/9. 

1722. Aug. 5. [Poor sufferers by fire at] Addington, Randwith 
[Randwick], and Alderton Stoney, and Gloster, 1/9. 

1722. Aug. 19. [Do. at] Gratwood, Bilson, and Newent, 
Stafford and Gloster, 1/10. 

1723. Sept. 29. Poor sufferers by fire at Sherrington, C 
Glosester, 2/6. Q ^ j) 

1193. LONGDEN FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER. (See Nos. 450, 
592, 1034.) In a family Bible, printed in 1637, and now in the 
possession of the Rev. William George Longden, vicar of St. Mark's, 
South Norwood, Surrey, are the following notes, which it would be 
well, I think, to preserve in print : 

Robert Longden and Lucy Crawley were married at Flaxley in 
Gloucestershire, on Sunday, the 23 rd of Feb^, 1745. 

Cornelia Longden, daughter of the above Rob* and Lucy, born 
the 17 th Nov r , 1746, christ d 24 th Nov r , died 27 th Nov r in the same 
year, buried in St. Paul's Churchyard.* 

Robert Longden, son of the above Rob fc and Lucy Longden, 
born the 8 fch JSTov : 1747, christ d 15 th of the same month : Thomas 
Crawley Boevey, Esq., and the Rev. M r John Lloyd, Godfathers, 
and M rs Cornelia Ley, Godmother : died in Oct r , 1748, b d in 
S. Paul's Churchyard. 

Roger Longden, son of the above Robert and Lucy Longden, 
born 7 th Feb., 1748, (i.e., 174f), christ d 3 March foils, Roger 
Altham, Esq., and the Rev. M r William Crawley, Godfathers, and 
M rs Paul, of Stroud, Gloucester, Godmother. 

Robert Longden, son of Robert and Lucy Longden, was born 
27 August, 1750. M r Nath: Bishop and M r Jos as Farrer, 
Godfathers, and M rs Crawley, Godmother. S d child died 31 Dec., 
1751, bur d in S. Paul's Churchyard. 

Lucy Longden, daughter of the above Rob* and Lucy, born 
y e , died y e , buried in S. Paul's Churchyard. 

Roger Longden, son of the above Robert and Lucy Longden, 
was married at S. Mary Magdalen, Old Fish St., London, 31 March, 
1785, to Elizabeth Chapman, daughter of George Chapman, Esq., 
of the Strand, London. 

John Rob* Longden, son of the above Roger and Elizabeth 
Longden, born 3 January, 1786, christ d 2 Feb., 1786 : sponsors, 
Rev. D r John Lloyd, Robert Longden, Esq., & M rs Mary Yorke. 

* There were family vaults in S. Paul's Churchyard, and at S. Mary-le-Strand, London. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 215 

Mary Longden, daughter of Roger and Elizabeth Longden, 
born the 23 rd March, 1787, ab* 2 o'clock afternoon: christened the 
15 th May, 1787 : sponsors, M rs Mary Lloyd, wife of the Rev. D r 
Lloyd, and Miss Mary Chapman, and "Walter Chapman, Esq. The 
abovenamed Mary Longden died the 31 March, 1788, and [was] 
buried with her grandmother, M rs Sarah Chapman, in the Parish of 
S. Mary-le-Strand, in the county of Middlesex. 

Thomas Hayter Longden, son of the abovenamed Roger and 
Elizabeth Longden, born 27 June, 1789, about 2 o'clock in the 
afternoon : christen d 30 July. Sponsors, Sir Thomas Crawley 
Boevey, Bart., Jonathan Hayter, Esq., and M rs Mary Lloyd. 

Roger Longden, of Drs Commons, died at his house in 
Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, C of Middlesex, July 27, 1818, and 
was buried at S. Mary-le-Strand. 

Elizabeth Longden, relict of the above, died in Charlotte St., 
3 Feb., 1819, and was also buried in S. Mary-le-Strand. 

The above left issue, John Robert Longden & Thomas Hayter 
Longden, both married and left issue as foils, viz. first, 

John Robert Longden, of Doctors Commons, married at 
S. Andrew's, Holborn, to Louisa Culley, of Pewsey, Wilts, and 
has issue, 

1. George Roger Longden, born August 12 th , 1810. 

2. John Symons Longden, born April 13, 1812; drowned at 
sea Oct r , 1838. 

3. Elizabeth Amelia Louisa Longden, born Aug. 17, 1814. 

4. Sophia Lavinia Longden, born Dec. 2 nd , 1815. 

5. Mary Ann Longden, born November 5 th , 1817. 

6. Edward Harcourt Longden, born March 28, 1820. 

7. Ann Maria, daughter of the said John Robert & Louisa 
Longden, bom Monday, July 9 th , 1821. Sponsors, Miss 
Tuder [sic], M rs De Brett, and J. W. Fisher, Esq. Baptized 
by the above names May 24 th , 1822, at Charlotte St., 
Fitzroy Square, Parish of St. Pancras, in the County of 
Middlesex. 

8. William Longden, son of the said John Robert and Louisa 
Longden, born Sunday, July 28, 1822, in Charlotte St., 
Fitzroy Square, and baptized there on Thursday, the 22 nd 
day of August following. Sponsors were M rs Tho 8 
Longden, Capt n Debrett, and M r James Barlow. 

9. Frederick Stafford Longden, son of the said John Robert 
and Louisa Longden, born Sunday, Oct. 12, 1823, in 
Upper Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, and baptized on 
Tuesday, December 2 nd , 1823. Sponsors, M rs Stafford, 
M r Jennings, and M r Read. The above child died in 
Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, on Thursday evening, July 
22 d , 1824, and was buried at S. Mary-le-Strand with 
his grandfather and grandmother on the 27 th July. 



216 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

William died in Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, aged two years, 
Saturday, July 31, 1824, and was buried at S. Mary-le- Strand, 
Wednesday, August 4 th , 1824. 

John Eobert Longden, of Doctors Commons, died at his house, 
JSTo. 37, Upper Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, County of Middlesex, 
April 12, 1827, in the 42 nd year of his age, and was buried at 
S. Mary-le-Strand, Thursday, 19th of April, 1827. 

10. James Kobert, also son of the said (late) John Kobert and 
Louisa Longden. Born Saturday, July 7 th , 1827, at 
37, Upper Charlotte St., Fitzroy Square, and baptized at 
S. Pancras Church, in the County of Middlesex, Friday, 
Nov. 2 nd , 1827. Sponsors, Lady Hyde Page, Major 
Edward Lloyd Smythe, and Thomas Hayter Longden, Esq r . 
(To be continued.) 

1194. THE KEY. SIR JOHN HOBART CULME-SEYMOUR, BART., 
CANON OF GLOUCESTER. This venerable clergyman, who was the 
eldest son of the first baronet, Admiral Sir Michael Seymour, 
K.C.B., died September 17, 1880, in his eighty-first year, having 
been for more than half a century a canon residentiary of 
Gloucester and rector of Berkhampstead St. Mary, or Northchurch, 
Herts. When Mr. Seymour (as he then was) was yet a young man 
of twenty-seven years of age, he was appointed to the important, 
difficult, and responsible post of domestic chaplain to George IV. 
The manners and morals of the Court were at that time in a 
deplorable condition, but Mr. Seymour's simple and faithful life, 
and upright example, had a happy influence on the reigning 
monarch, an influence which Mr. Seymour retained and exercised 
until the death of the king in 1830. On the accession of William 
IV., and subsequently of Queen Victoria, he was at once appointed 
a chaplain in ordinary, and though he shrank from anything like 
the life of a courtier, his sermons at the Chapel Koyal, St. James's, 
were highly appreciated by more than one member of the Eoyal 
Family, and by all who had the privilege of listening to them. 
There was a singular charm in his preaching. Its dignified 
simplicity could not but arrest the attention of the most listless 
worshipper, as those who remember the months of his annual 
residence in Gloucester can testify. His sermons were full of 
original thought, supported with apt scriptural authorities, expressed 
in plain and simple language, and delivered in that solemn and 
impressive manner which at once commanded the reverent attention 
of all who heard him. In a word, it was himself speaking, as 
man to man, as brother to his brethren, the message he had been 
commissioned to deliver. During his fifty years' incumbency as 
rector of Northchurch, he served under six successive bishops, and 
lived to see his benefice a part of three separate dioceses ; originally 
in the diocese of Lincoln, it was after a time incorporated in that 
of Rochester, and subsequently transferred to the jurisdiction of 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 217 

St. Albans. As prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral, to which post 
he was appointed in 1827, he was more than once called upon to 
exercise his right of patronage over two important benefices 
St. Margaret's and St. George's, in the city of Leicester. In the 
selection of incumbents for these populous cures it will be with 
pleasure remembered how utterly all private and personal consider- 
ations of friendship were laid aside, and how his whole care 
was devoted to the discovery of pious and zealous men, who 
would devote themselves to the service of God and the good of 
His Church in that city. But,, whilst many who stood by his grave 
realised that in Sir John Seymour they had lost a pure-hearted and 
chivalrous friend ; whilst the people of Gloucester felt that in him 
the chapter (of which he became a member in 1829) had lost one 
who was ever loyal to his chief, ever wise in counsel, ever kind and 
courteous in speech, ever brave and firm in action ; the people of 
Northchurch knew that they had lost a father; one who was in a 
true and constant sense the pastor gregis, the shepherd, full of 
sympathy, full of loving kindness for each individual member of 
the flock, however young, however humble ; not driving his sheep 
before him by stern unsympathetic rule, but leading and guiding 
them onwards and upwards towards heaven and Christ by plain, 
earnest, simple teaching, and by the conspicuous example of a 
pious, simple-minded, generous Christian life. 

On Friday, September 17, 1880, at Gloucester, Sir John Seymour 
entered into his rest, and on the Wednesday after his remains were 
laid in the churchyard adjoining the chapel-of-ease at Broadway. 
This part of the parish of Northchurch, which is four miles distant 
from the parish church, was in former years unprovided with any 
accommodation for the public worship of the parishioners in its 
vicinity. The little chapel, designed by Sir Gilbert Scott, and 
opened on May 23rd, 1855, is a beautiful and lasting memorial of 
Sir John Seymour's care for God's Church and His poor. The cost 
of its erection was, with a small exception, borne by himself. Many 
years agohe had expressed a wish to be laid to rest in the little 
" God's acre " adjoining this church, and in the very spot which he 
selected his last earthly home had been prepared. CLERICUS. 

1195. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. VII. : QUEDGELEY. 
(Continued from No. 1118.) 
Burials. 

1559. July 28. John, s. of Walter Harrys. 

Jan. 6. William Hunt. 

Jan. 17. Elizabeth Mell, widow. 

Jan. 23. John Bay lie. 

Mar. 17. Eichard Hawnam. 

1560. Nov. 13. Ann, d. of Robert Smith. 



218 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1560. Jan. 5. William, s. of Walter Harrys. 
Mar. 6. Sir Kichard the Curate. 

Mar. 24. Anne, d. of Robert Smith. 

1561. July 6. William Merett, 
_ July 17. Alys Curry er. 

1562. June 11. John, s. of George Norton. 
Oct. 16. John, s. of Kobert Taylor. 

1563. April 25. Katerine Hunman. 

July 14. Harrie, s. of John Byshop. 

July 20. Edward, s. of John Kewe. 

1564. Mar. 5. M r Eichard Barrowe, Esquyer.* 

1565. Sept. 1. Robert, s. of Rychard Smyth. 

Jan. 28. John Watkins, christened at home, was buriea. 
Jan. 31. Roger Travys. 

1566. April 17. Robart Home, servant to John Walkle. 

April 26. Thomas Genyngs. 

May 21. John Walkley, christened at home, buried. 

June 15. Jane Turner, 

July 20. Richard Wyndowe. 

July 25. Roger Berow, Gent. 

Aug. 6. Richard Davys, of Herford. 

Sept. 2. Margaret, wife of Francis Collyns. 

Jan. 11. William Smith. 

Eeb. 4. John Poise. 

1567. Aug. 4. Margaret Pylme. 

1568. July 16. Thomas Hiett and Margaret, his wife, p buried} 

on 24 th of August. 

Jan. 4. Thomas Poull, Clerke. 

Mar. 10. Margery Smith. 

1569. June 12. Edward Stephens. 

Jan. 22. Alice Crosse. 

1570. Sept. 24> Jone Smith. 

Sept. 27. Jane Meryman, 

Nov. 2. John, s. of Robert Hordnage.. 

Jan. 1. Elizabeth Davis. 

1571. April 27. Edmund Asten. 

Aug. 21. Matthew Ilande. 
Nov. 7. Thomas Saunders. 

Mar. 23. Johan Threvys, wydow. 

1572. Dec. 4. Anne, wife of George Clynton. 

1573. April 12. Rob* Niblat. 

1574. Sept. 2. John Hunt. 

Dec. 5. Catherine Meysies child. 

Mar. 16. Mary, d. of Edward Stephins. 

1575. Jan. 26. Anne Smith, widow. 

* " There is in the church an inscription, on a tomb of free-stone, in memory of Richard 

h ^S h e died .1562 [? 1564]. A monument on the south aile for Richard Barrow, 
who died 1651. Other inscriptions in the same aile for the family." ATKYNS 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 219 

1577. July 6. Agnes Huckes. 

Oct. 7. Elizabeth Trevis died in travayle. 

Feb. 4. Thomas Allen. 

1578. April 10. John Wick, husbandman. 

Jan. 4. Andrew "Wyndowe. 

Feb. 3. Joan, wife of Eichard Wyndow. 

Feb. 12. Agnes Tondale. 

1579. April 3. Frances Coulings. 

April 5. John, s. of Henery Partridge. 

1582. Mar. 9. George Benett, Clerke. 

1583. Feb. 23. Doritia Corbot, d. of Arthur Corbet. 

1584. Oct. 7. Elizabeth Berrowe [d. of Edmund Fox, Esq., 

of- Ludford], Gent. 

1586. Oct. 27. Edward Test. 

1587. Nov. 26. Thomas Smith, Clerk. 

1588. Feb. 20. Agnes Wicke. 
1590. Mar. 11. Jane Geff. 
1602. July 27. Thomas Sanford. 

1606. May 20. Anthony, s. of Peter Hogge, Clerke. 

Aug. 22. Joan, wife of Anselm Teast. 

Nov. 18. A d r still born of Edmund Berowe, Esq r . 

1609, July 29. A pore girle, Elnor Davis, who died in the 

Church porch. 

1612. Nov. 14. John Harris, Clarke. 

1618. Jan. 14. Kichard Smith, Clarke, of Sodbury. 

1621. April 28. Anselm Test. 

Aug. 31. Marg*, d. of M r Robard Bysshopp. 

1622. June 27. Dorathye, d. of same. 

1625. King James departed this lift [sic] the 27 March. 

1626. May 12. William, son and heir of M r Edmund Berow. 

1629. June 17. Joane, d. of Richard Cromhem. 

1630. July 19. Elnore, the wief of Edmund Berow, Esq r . 
1634. May 25. Henry Nicolls, Gentleman. 

1637. May 3. Thomas Teast. 

1638. Dec. 29. Elizabeth, d. of M r George Kenn, Esq r . 
1641. Nov. 29. Edmund Berrow, Esq r . 

1661. June 10. Edmund, s. of George Kenn, Esq r . 

Mar. 14. M r Giles Robertes. 
1666. Feb. 24. M r George Kenn. 

1670. May 9. William Horton, Minister. 

June 28. Sibella Cromblane, widow. 

Dec. 22. Edmund, s. of John Makepeace. 
1672. Dec. 2. Mary, d. of M r William Hayward. 
1674. June 8. Edmund, s. of John Makepeace, Minister. 

1679. Aug. 29. Mary, wife of M r John Makepeace, Rector. 

1680. May 14. Susanna, d. of M r William Hey ward and 

Elinor, his wife. 



220 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1681. May 8. Joseph, s. of John Makepeace and Anne, his 

wife. 

Sept. 9. Kichard, s. of M r William Hayward and 

Elinor, his wife. 

1682. Dec. 27. Elizabeth Kenne, Widow. 

1684. April 21. Eleanor [nee Rogers], the wife of M r William 

Hey ward [aged 32].* 
Aug. 7. Thomas Cowmedow. 
1691. Dec. 21. Martha, the wife of M r Thomas Hodges. 

1693. April 21. M rs Elizabeth Clissold. 

1694. Mar. 6. M r Thomas Clissold. 

1696. July 22. Gulielmus Hayward, Armiger [set. 49]. 

1700. Oct. 3. Gulielmus Lysons de Quedgeley sepultus. 

1702. July 24. Thomas Hayward sepultus. 

1703. Sept. 2. Elizabetha, filia Samuelis Makepeace, sepulta. 
1705. Dec. 28. William, s. of William Hayward. 

1708. April 3. William Hayward, Esq r . 

1712. Sept. 7. M r John Makepeace, Rector ["per 50 annos," 

aged 79]. 
1717. Sept. 7, Domina Margaretta Barrow [nee Knight], 

Vid : sepulta fuit [set. 73.] 

1720. Mem : Richard Tompkins put up 2 Headstones in memory 
of Mary, his wife, for which he compounded with me for 
a roasting pigg. Witness my hand, Peter Lew. De Bous, 
Rector. 

1730. June 15. Anne [? Amie, nee Hayward], the wife of 
Thomas Barrow, Esq r , of Field Court, in 
the Parish of Hardwick [aged 52]. 
1736. April 19. Thomas Barrow, Esq r , of Hardwick [aged 58]. 

1740. Nov. 18. Thomas Barrow, s. of Rev d M r Thomas 

Savage, Yicar of Standish, and Eleanor 
[nee Barrow], his wife. 

1741. Dec. 13. Thomas, s. of Thomas Hayward, Esq r , and 

Mercia, his wife. 

1742. April 30. Margaret Hayward, widow. 

1744. Nov. 3. The Rev d M r Peter Lewis De Bous, Rector 

[aged 60]. 
1757. Feb. 14. Leonard Ravenhill. 

1759. Feb. 17. Martha, d. of the Rev d M r Tho 8 Savage and 

Elianor, his wife. 

1760. April 27. The Rev d M r Thomas Savage [aged 60]. 

1761. May 17. Bridget, wife of Rev d M r John Hayward. 

1762. Feb. 7. Eleanor [nee Barrow], wife of Rev d M r 

Thomas Savage. 
Nov. 28. William Wait. 

* ".There is a very handsome monument for Elianor, the wife of William Hayward, esq., she 
died 1684 ; and for William Hayward, esq., who died 1696." ATKYNS. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 221 

1766. Oct. 30. M rs Albinia Winstone [nee Hay ward], widow, 
and relict of Thomas Winstone, Esq r , of 
Oldbury, Gl. 

1777. Feb. 12. Mercy, wife of Thomas Hay ward, Esq r . 

1779. May 27. Elizabeth, wife of William Hay ward 
Winstone, Esq r . 

1781. Mar. 21. Thomas Hayward, Esq r . 

1786. July 30. Frances, d. of the late Thomas Hayward. 

1791. Feb. 25. TheRev d JohnHayward,Rectorof Withington. 

1793. Dec. 6. George Savage, Esq r , of Middle Hill. 

1803. Mar. 25. Charles Hayward, Esq r . 
Nov. 15. Edward Jones, Esq r . 

1818. Oct. 27. Will. Hayward Winstone, Esq r , aged 75. 

1860. May 25. Albinia Frances Curtis Hayward, aged 86. 

1873. May 15. John Curtis Hayward, aged 69. 

1876. Aug. 3. Elizabeth Curtis Hayward, aged 63. 

1196. DISCOVERY OF A SAXON HOUSE AT DEERHURST. The 
Rev. George Butterworth, vicar of Deerhurst, has written (August, 
1885) : Within the last week an interesting discovery has been 
made here of the existence of a very ancient structure. It was 
always known that a portion of a farmhouse called Abbot's Court, 
belonging for centuries, first to the abbey, and subsequently to the 
chapter of Westminster, was of considerable antiquity ; but there 
was nothing on the surface to determine its age. Within the last 
few days, however, it has been subjected to careful examination, 
and features hidden for ages have been brought to light. The 
original house was small, 30ft. long on the inside, with walls 2J 
feet thick. Its four external walls are perfect. In one of the end 
walls is inserted a large round-headed archway, having very solid 
jambs and imposts. A smaller archway is found in the wall forming 
the front of the house. Both these arches tend slightly to the 
horseshoe form that is to say, the centre of the semi-circular head 
is rather above the spring of the arch. The house must have always 
had an upper story ; and in this there is now to be seen a round- 
headed window, splayed both inside and outside. The reason for 
assigning so very early a date to an existing dwelling-house is the 
following : Its rude and very peculiar architecture follows closely 
that of Deerhurst Church, which is within a stone's throw of it. 
Now, there is good evidence to show that the church was built in 
the year 1056. The late Mr. Parker entitled it "the oldest dated 
church in England." Just about the time given above Edward the 
Confessor gave the large Deerhurst manor, including the estate on 
which Abbot's Court stands, to his new abbey of St. Peter's, 
Westminster. Abbot's Court may have been erected at the actual 
time of the donation. It is singular that close to this very ancient 
house there should be standing another also of remarkable antiquity. 
This is Deerhurst Priory, which was a religious house dating from 



222 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the eighth century, and belonging to the abbey of St. Denis, near 
Paris. A portion of its buildings still exists, and they show a 
Norman column in the cellar of the inhabited house. 

A paragraph from the Gloucestershire Chronicle, August 29, 1885, 
may be appended to the above : Some further particulars respecting 
the Saxon house recently discovered at Deerhurst have been 
published. The honour of making the discovery belongs to 
Mr. Thomas Collins, builder, Tewkesbury, who restored the Abbey. 
A writer who has inspected the house says : We were surprised to 
see so perfect a specimen of ancient architecture, and are pleased 
to find that it is to be preserved by restoration under the able and 
practical guidance of Mr. Collins. On the outside of the huge 
chimney-stack is built in a large stone, or rather the half of one, 
on which is an imperfect inscription in Lombardic letters, and 
which we should imagine was removed at a much later period from 
some other portion of the building. The oldest part of the house 
must have been very handsome. On one side the upper part of the 
face of the building projects boldly beyond the lower part ; then 
comes a third portion in point of age, on the opposite side of the 
original house. The second portion appears to be of the Tudor 
period. We learn through Mr. Butterworth that Sir John Powell, 
the upright judge in the days of James II. and William III., held 
Abbot's Court as lessee, and it is supposed he also occupied it, as 
his name is in an agreement for the repairs of the church (1691) at 
a cost of some 2,000. GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

1197. NOTES ON TODENHAM PARISH. (See Nos. 279, 280.) 
This parish lies in the upper division of the hundred of West- 
minster ; and its name is derived from Teodoen, a Norman family 
which came with William the Conqueror, and ham. The church 
of St. Peter of Westminster held Teodham in the reign of that king. 

The manor of Todenham continued in the said abbey until its 
dissolution. It was then granted to the bishop of Westminster, 
34 Hen. VIII. ; but that bishopric being of short duration, the 
manor was granted to Sir William Petre and Anne, his wife, . in 
exchange for lands in Warwickshire, 36 Hen. VIII. It continued 
in the Petre family from the time of the Reformation until it was 
purchased by Sir Charles Pole, Bart., grandfather of the present 
baronet, Sir Peter Van Notten-Pole, of Todenham House. 

The benefice is a rectory, and in the deanery of Campden. The 
patron for a long time was the bishop of London ; but the patronage 
is now vested in the bishop of the diocese. The church has a 
tower and spire at the west end, and is dedicated to St. Thomas & 
Becket, archbishop of Canterbury. 

Thomas Merkes, alias de Newmarket, alias Tomastre, monk of 
Westminster, at the request of Kichard II., was thrust by the pope, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 223 



A.D. 1397, into the see of Carlisle, to which he became an 
extraordinary benefactor by procuring of the king the seigniory of 
Horn Castle, in the county of Lincoln, consisting of thirteen lord- 
ships, for himself and his successors for their maintenance and 
habitation, when the Scots invaded his diocese, and drove him from 
the palace of Kose Castle. Historians mention his bold speech in 
behalf of his patron, the deposed king, for which he suffered 
imprisonment. It is a mistake to suppose that he died broken- 
hearted soon after his deprivation ; for he survived it ten years, and 
had some preferment bestowed upon him the vicarage of Stur- 
minster, Dorsetshire, and the rectory of Todenham. The former 
was given him by the Crown, and the latter by the abbot and 
convent of Westminster. He was buried at Todenham in 1409. 

There is a tradition handed down by long succession, that a 
bishop lies buried in the chancel of the church. When the 
Kev. George Upton was buried there in 1779, an ancient leaden 
coffin was discovered, but no one examined it. 

The following is a list of the incumbents and patrons of the 
benefice : 

Clerks. 
Thomas Furzen, 

1404. Thomas Merkes,- deprived 
bishop of Carlisle, 



1409. Eobert Ely, 

John Elika, 

1570. Edward Arundel, 

1593. William Fisher, 

1617. Thomas Isles, D.D., 

William Briggs, 

1639. John Wickens, 

1682. Moore Fortune, M.A., 

1686. John Taylor, M.A., 

172f . John Jones, 

1728. John Taylor, M.A., 

1767. George Upton, M.A., 

1779. William Aldington, 

1812. Gilbert Malcolm, M.A., 

1855. ' Frederick Aston, M.A., 

1873. Henry Horsley, M.A., 

1882. Augustin Williams, M.A., 



Patrons. 

Abbot and Convent of 
Westminster, 
do. 
do. 



Francis Thackerly, Esq. 
Bp. of London, 
do. 

Bp. of London, 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 
do. 

Bp. of Gloucester and 

Bristol. 

do. 

do. 



Mr. Wickens, and the six incumbents who came after him, have 
been buried in the chancel, and Mr. Malcolm, Mr. Aston, and 
Mr. Horsley in the east end of the churchyard. 

On an old brass over the vestry door on the north side is this 
quaint inscription : 



224 GLOUCESTEESHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

" Stay Passenger this tvmb doth hovld 
A coffin fvll of holy movld 
If vertve have a grave lo heer 
Religiovs care and love syncere 
Wise goverment an zeale welled 
A davntlesse covrage hvmble dread 
Bovnty of hand and chere of face 
Good natvre perfected by grace 
An whitch gave lyfe to all the rest 
A trve harte in a fravdlese brist 
If these on earth were lately mist 
Lo whear they ly in Movlton chist. 

" Heere lyeth bodies of William 
Molton of Toddenham Esq and 
Millicent his wyfe davghter of 
Gilse Spencer of Nvrthen of 
Warwickshire Esq which Milli 
cent dyed the 10 of Desember 1604 
and William after long siknes 
dyed the YI of Ian vary 1614 having 
before his death maried 3 davghters 
the only children then remayning 
of twelve wherof the 1 was maryed 
to Thomas Bavfoy Esq sonne 
and heier to Ser Thomas Bavfoy 
knight the 2 to Bichad Savadge 
Esq the 3 to William Willovghby 
of Normanton Esq." 

The following entry in the register is worthy of note.: 
"On June 7, 1768, about 2 oclk in the Morning, the top of the 
Steple of this Church was knocked down by a very violent storm 
of Thunder and Lightning, and the roof of the Church was much 
damaged by the fall of the stones from the Steple. The thunder 
and lightning continued violent most part of the day, nor did it 
entirely cease the next day. The Steple was repaired, beautified, 
and finished on June 28, 1769, without the use of any scaffold by 
Thomas White and Bichard Wheeler, of Whitney, Oxon. But it 
was so ill executed that it was taken down in April, 1772, and the 
Parishioners again employed the said Kichard Wheeler to repair the 
same (Thomas White being dead), and he did it without the use of 
scaffold, and finished the top of the Steple on the 2 day of 
June, 1772." 

An ancient and time-honoured custom of beating the bounds of 
the parish, which has been kept up regularly for generations, and is 
known by the familiar name of "Todenham Processioning, "is annually 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 225 

observed on Rogation Monday.* In some counties the custom is 
called " Circuiting." The bells ring out merrily, and the procession 
starts soon after 10 o'clock, headed by the village band, and by four 
men, each with a spade on his shoulder. These are the cross- 
diggers ; and their business is, to dig out and define the old crosses 
on the line of route, and to stick a small bush in the middle of 
each cross. Then follow the rector and the squire of the parish, 
and the farmers, well mounted for the journey. The rear is brought 
up by the villagers and children. It was at one time the custom 
for the young to have their heads bumped together, so that when 
they grew up they might not forget the boundary line. Half the 
circuit of the parish is made each year. There are several halts on 
the way for refreshment, which is duly provided ; and a psalm is 
sung at certain places. At a place called the " Poors' ground," the 
100th Psalm is sung, and a collection made for the children, which 
is equally divided amongst them. AUGUSTIN WILLIAMS. 

Todenham Rectory. 

1198. EDWARD FOWLER, D.D., BISHOP OP GLOUCESTER: HIS 
MONUMENTAL INSCRIPTION. (See No. 801.) The following is the 
inscription on a marble monument to the memory of Bishop Fowler 
in the church of St. Mary, Hendon, Middlesex. The tablet is on 
the north wall of the north transept, and is partially hidden by a 
monstrous and useless gallery. THEOPHILCS PITT, F.C.S. 

King's College, London, W.C. 

To the | Pious Memory of | The R* Rev d Edward Fowler, D.D., | 
late Lord Bishop of Gloucester ; | to which Station He was advanced 
by | King William of glorious Memory in the year 1691, | for his 
known steadiness to | the true interest of the Church of England, | 
and of his Country in times of Danger. | He proved himself 
worthy of that dignity by faithfull and diligent Discharge of his 
Pastoral Office | till disabled by Age and bodily infirmities. | He 
rested from his Labours, and was | in the 82 nd year of his Age 
admitted to partake of his Reward. | He departed this life 
August 26, 1714, | and was interr'd in the grave of his first wife | 
within this Church, leaving behind Him | in the excellent Treatise 
published by himself | lasting Monuments of his Learning, | 

* It was the common usage, in former times, to select one of the days in Rogation week for 
perambulating the bounds of parishes ; and in reference to this practice, Bishop G-ibson 
has observed (Codex Juris Ecclesiastici Angllcani, vol. i., p. 213, ed. 1761) :" The perambu- 
lating the circuits of parishes in Rogation week was a very ancient custom, and one of those 
retained by the reformed church ; for by an injunction of Queen Elizabeth it is ordered, that 
the people shall, once in the year, at the time accustomed, with the curate and the substantial 
men of the parish, walk about the parishes, as they were accustomed, and, at their return to 
the church, make their common prayers ; provided that the curate, in their said common 
perambulations, used heretofore in the days of Rogations, at certain convenient places, shall 
admonish the people to give thanks to G-od, in the beholding of God's benefits, for the increase 
and abundance of his fruits upon the face of the earth, with the saying of the one hundred 
and third psalm, Benedic, anima mea, &c. At which time also the said minister shall inculcate 
these or suchlike sentences, ' Cursed be he which translateth the bounds and dolles of his 
neighbour,' or such other order of prayers as shall be hereafter appointed. One of our church 
homilies is also composed expressly for the occasion." ED. 

VOL. III. Q 



226 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Judgment, Piety, & Christian temper of Mind. | He was twice 
married ; | First to Anne, Daughter of Arthur Bernardiston, | of 
the inner Temple, Esq r , one of the Masters in Chancery. She 
departed this life Dec r 19, 1696. He had by her three Sons, | 
Nathanael, Edward, & Richard, & five Daughters, | Anne, Anne, 
Susanna, Elizabeth, & Mary, | of whom Edward & Eichard, Susanna 
& Mary, | surviv'd him. | His second wife (who likewise surviv'd 
him) was Elizabeth, | Widow of the Eev d D 1 ' Hezekiah Burton, | 
and Daughter of Ralph Trevor, | of London, Merchant. 

This Monument was erected at the cost of Richard Fowler, LL.B., | 
the youngest Son above mentioned ; who married Selena, Daughter 
of John Pyke, of Downsey, in the Isle of Purbeck, Gent., by 
whom he had one Daughter, Anne : Both | which dying many 
years before him, were buried in this Church ; near his brother ; & 
his Father's | youngest Sister, Susanna, the First Wife of Meshach 
Smith, M.A., then Vicar of this Church. | The said Richard 
Fowler dyed Nov 1 ' 9 th , 1716 ; And did by his Last Will direct his 
Executors, (viz, his | Brother Edward, & his Sister Susanna) to 
cause a Vault to be made ; which, for want of room in the Church, 
was made in the Church- Yard, at the west corner of this wall : 
wherein is deposited | His body; & into which are remov'd the 
Remains of his Wife & Daughter, with those of his Father & 
Mother; all resting there together, A.D. 1717, in hope of a Joyfull 
Resurrection. 

1199. HARWARD'S TEWKESBURY CHAP-BOOKS.* About forty 
[now eighty] years ago, when " book-madness " was at its height (?), 
Joseph Haslewood, Esq., who is introduced under the character of 
" Bernardo " in Dibdin's Bibliomania, diligently employed himself 
and others in forming a collection of the Penny Histories, Tragedies, 
Garlands, Songs, &c., which were printed at Tewkesbury by Samuel 
Harward, and published between the years 1760 and 1775. These 
" book rarities," as they were termed, Mr. Haslewood caused to be 
handsomely bound in two volumes, with the ludicrous alliterative 
titles 

HISTORIES, &c..."Tramper's Twattle, or Treasure and Tinsel from 

the Tewkesbury Tank." 
GARLANDS, &c..." Quaffing Quavers to Quip Queristors and Quiet 

Quodlibetarians. " 

At the dispersion of his library, which was sold in London, by 
Evans, in 1833, these productions of the "Tewkesbury Tank" 
were, after a severe competition, knocked down to Thomas Thorpe, 
the eminent metropolitan bibliopolist, at a price far beyond their 
intrinsic value. This event created a rage for these " chap-books," 

changes ' from Bennett ' s Tewkesbury Register and 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 227 



or " patters ; " and as it was found impossible to procure a perfect 
set, it has been thought well to preserve as complete a catalogue of 
them as is attainable, for the benefit of the members of some future 
"Koxburghe Club." 

In the following list of Harward's publications, those marked 
with an asterisk were not included in the celebrated tomes of 
Mr. Haslewood; and this veteran bibliographer, with all his 
acknowledged zeal and perseverance, having secured only about half 
of them, it is almost hopeless to expect that a complete collection 
will ever be obtained. 

HISTORIES, TRAGEDIES, &c. 



The Beautiful Shepherdess of Ar- 
cadia 

Bite upon Bite, or the Miser out- 
witted by the Country Lass 

The Blind Beggar of Bethnal 
Green 

The Bristol Bridegroom 

The Virtuous Wife of Bristol 

The Loyal Lovers, or Carmarthen 
Tragedy 

Chevy Chase 

The Crafty Miller, or Mistaken 
Bachelor 

The Creation of the "World, a 
carol 

The Loyal Lovers of Exeter 

The Faithless Captain 

The French Convert 

The Four Indian Kings 

The Kentish Tragedy 

Little Musgrove and the Lady 
Barnet 

The Honour of a London Ap- 
prentice 

Love in a Barn 

The Low-Country Soldier turned 
Burgo-Master 

The Nobleman's Cruelty to his 
Son 

The Northamptonshire Tragedy 

The Northern Lord 

The Oxfordshire Tragedy 

A choice Pennyworth of Wit 

Sweet William of Plymouth 

The Cruel Cooper of Ratcliff 

Kobin Hood and Little John 



The Woodstock Tragedy 

The Unfortunate Concubine 

The Seaman of Dover 

The Squire of St. James's 

The Suffolk Comedy 

King Edward IV. and the Tanner 
of Tamworth 

The Turkey Factor 

The Unfortunate Lovers 

The Wandering Prince of Troy 

The Wandering Shepherdess 

The Wandering Young Gentle- 
woman, or Catskin 

The Yarmouth Tragedy 

*The Children in the Wood 

*Death and the Lady 

*The Seven Champions of Chris- 
tendom 

*Poor Robin's Dream 

*The Plymouth Tragedy 

*Pretty Green-Coat Boy 

*Squire Vernon's Fox Chase 

^Famous Flower of Serving Men 

*The Golden Bull 

*Jane Shore 

*The Oxford Eamble 

*The Dorsetshire Miracle 

*The Transported Felons 

*Teague's Ramble 

*The Spanish Lady's Love to an 
English Captain 

*Fair Maudlin 

*The Leeds Tragedy 

*Humours of Rag Fair 

*The Gloucestershire Tragedy 

*The Bloody Gardener 



228 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



*The Berkshire Lady 

*The Broken Contract 

*Bloody Battle between a Tailor 

and a Louse 

*Death of Sir Andrew Barton 
*New Mad Tom 
*The Cobler's Wife's Discovery 



*The Disobedient Son and Cruel 

Husband 

*The Somersetshire Tragedy 
*The Welch Wedding 
*The lamentable Ballad of the 

Lady's Fall 



GAELANDS, SONGS, &c. 



The Shepherd's Garland 
The Sportsman's Delight 
A choice Collection of Songs 
A choice Collection of New Songs, 

30 numbers, of 8 pages each 
A choice Collection of New 

Scotch Songs 
The Wood-Lark 
The Goldfinch 
The Sky-Lark 
The Linnet, two parts 



*The Northern Knight's Garland 

*The Distressed Lady's Garland 

*The Factor's Garland 

*The Huntsman's Delight 

*The Nightingale 

*The Thrush 

*The Wood-Lark 

*The Mistaken Lady's Garland 

*The Crafty Squire's Garland 

^Songs of Robin Hood 

^Anacreon's Feast 



1200. GLOUCESTERSHIRE FOLK-LORE. "F.S.," writing from 
Churchdown, sent what follows to Notes and Queries (5 th S. v. 
364) : At the risk of very likely repeating what has been sent you 
by others, I would note the following instances that obtain in this 
part of the county, near Cheltenham : 

1. That it is lucky to keep mince-meat from Christmas to Easter. 

2. That if the first butterfly you see in the opening year is white, 
you will eat white bread during the year, which is probably 
tantamount to your having good luck ; but if the first is broivn, you 
will eat brown bread that is, be unlucky. 

3. It is the custom with old housewives here, when they bake 
their bread, to prick a cross upon the dough with a fork, or the 
loaves will not turn out well. This will soon be of the past, for 
the baking at home, as well as the brewing, is practised less and 
less, through wood becoming more and more scarce. 

In the first volume of the same series, p. 204, a communication 
from "F.S." to this effect had appeared :-- 

As the county comprises wold, vale, and forest, it is well to state 
that the locality to which my notes refer is in the north-east corner 
of the plain, between Gloucester and Cheltenham. 

1. Pluck a few of the hairs from the dark cross on the back of 
a donkey; sew them up in a black silk bag, which is to be hung 
round an infant's neck when teething, and the child will be proof 
against fits or convulsions, at least, for that turn. 

The old crone who recommends this practice has, as usual, never 
known a case of failure, during a long experience. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 229 

2. For reduction of a wen, or " thick neck," in females, an orna- 
mental necklace is sometimes made of hair taken from a horse's 
tail some say that it must be taken from the tail of a grey stallion. 
This must be plaited together, and forms, when fastened in front 
with a neat gold snap, a rather attractive ornament amongst farmers' 
daughters. 

And another note from the same in the same volume, p. 324 : 
The kind of sorcery known as the " evil eye " cannot be exclusively 
claimed as a Gloucestershire superstition, for it is one most extensive 
in its range ; yet a person may live for many years in a parish or 
district without its presenting itself to his observation. In the 
course of the year 1873 I was called upon officially to distribute a 
parish dole amongst the poor householders of Churchdown, near 
Cheltenham, who were assembled to receive it in the school-room. 
This charity-money had to be given away in accordance with the 
donor's will and testament, to which a by-law had been recently 
added, that those claimants who possessed house and land of their 
own were ineligible. In consequence of this ruling, two or three 
of those present had to be " scratched " from the list of applicants. 
I noticed, at the time, that one of the rejected, a tall stalwart man, 
of grim and grisly feature, kept his eye, with a sort of malignant 
expression, fixed intently upon me. To this I gave, at the moment, 
little heed, being busily engaged ; and had I thought of it at all, 
should have simply concluded that it was only an expression of 
passing disappointment on my friend's Dart. The next day, 
however, a poor woman inquired of my wife " how I was," and 
told her that several of those present yesterday having noticed the 
man's staring at me with an evil eye, very feelingly expressed a 
hope that "nothing would happen to me." My inditing this 
account shows, at any rate, that as yet it is not so bad a case as 
that set forth in the old Scotch rhyme : 

" There dwelt a weaver in Moffat toun 
That said the minister would dee sune ; 
The minister dee'd ; and the fouk o' the toun 
They brant the weaver wi' the wudd o' the lume, 
And ca'd it weel- wared on the warlock loon." 

(K. Chambers's Popular Rhymes of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1826, 
p. 23.) 

Another correspondent, " L.H.H.," soon after wrote, p. 383 : 
Within the recollection of the present vicar of the parish of 
Churcham, Gloucestershire, after public baptism, the then parish 
monthly nurse invariably washed out the mouth of the recently 
regenerated infant with the remaining sanctified water. She 
assured the vicar it was a safeguard against toothache. In the 
same parish it has always been the practice, when possible, to ring 
a muffled peal on Innocents' Day. 



230 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1201. THE KEY. HENRY THOMAS ELLACOMBE, M.A., F.S.A.* 

This aged and respected clergyman, whose name has long been 
closely associated with Gloucestershire, died at Clyst St. George 
Kectory, Topsham, Devon, July 30, 1885, in his ninety-sixth year. 

He was son of the Eev. William Ellacombe, who held the rectory 
of Alphington, Devon, and was born in 1790 ; and having 
graduated B.A. from Oriel College, Oxford, in 1812, he devoted 
himself, until 1816, to the study of engineering in Chatham Dock- 
yard, under the celebrated Mr. Brunei. In 1816 he proceeded to 
his M.A. degree, and in the same year was ordained a deacon for 
the curacy of Cricklade, a Wiltshire parish, but in the diocese 
of Gloucester. In 1817 he received priest's orders from Bishop 
Eyder, of Gloucester, and entered on the curacy of Bitton, in the 
same diocese. Of the parish of Bitton (which for a long time had 
the bad repute of a very lawless neighbourhood) he was curate from 
1817 to 1835, when he became the vicar; and this preferment he 
held until 1850, when he was presented to the rectory of Clyst 
St. George, being succeeded in the vicarage by his son, the Rev. Henry 
!N". Ellacombe, the present incumbent. 

Church restoration and extension were not so general fifty or 
sixty years ago as they are now, yet Mr. Ellacombe, with indomit- 
able energy, and in spite of many difficulties, restored the church 
of Bitton in 1822, and built three other churches in the wide 
district under his care. In 1843 his parishioners presented him 
with a testimonial; and in doing so the churchwardens thus 
summed up the work he had accomplished: (1) The large and 
substantial church of Holy Trinity on Kingswood Hill. (2) The 
increase of accommodation and other improvements in the mother 
church of Bitton, and the building of the neat and commodious 
school-house in that village. (3) The rebuilding, with enlargement, 
of the ancient chapel of Oldland, and, subsequently, the erection 
of a large school-house in its immediate vicinity. And (4) the 
elegant and substantial works on Jefferies Hill, in the hamlet of 
Hanham, consisting of a church, parsonage, and school-house. The 
completion of the first of these undertakings led the way to the 
building of a parsonage and school-house by the incumbent first 
appointed to that church ; the result being, that there were thence- 
forth eight services on Sundays in the parish where there had been 
only two ; school accommodation, in connection with the church, 
for 820 children, where there had been none; and additional 
church-room for 2,285 worshippers, nearly all the seats being free. 
These churches have since led to the formation of separate parishes. 

As mentioned above, Mr. Ellacombe was presented in 1850 to 
the rectory of Clyst St. George ; but his zeal for parochial improve- 

D L For t?? 1 ? f the Particulars in this sketch we are indebted to Church Bells of August 7, 
( 885, which is illustrated with a portrait of Mr. Ellacombe. See also the number for August 
H. Vox many years he was the editor of the " Bell -ringing pages " of that periodical. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 231 

ments did not terminate with his incumbency of Bitton. He 
speedily rebuilt the nave of the church of Clyst St. George, and in 
1860 erected a new school-house and master's residence. 

Mr. Ellacombe's name is very widely known as the great authority 
on Bells, respecting which he has written some valuable treatises. 
He likewise invented, many years ago, an ingenious apparatus of 
chiming hammers, which enables one man to chime all the bells in a 
steeple. He was a learned antiquary, especially in ecclesiastical 
affairs, and he was noted as a skilful florist and botanist. His chief 
literary works are as follows: (1) History and Antiquities of 
Clyst St. George. 1865; (2) History of the Manor of Bitton, 
1867; (3) Bells of Devonshire, 1867; (4) Bells of the Church: 
a Supplement to the " Church Bells of Devon" 1872 ; (5) Practical 
Remarks on Belfries and Ringers, 4th ed., 1876; (6) Bells of 
Exeter Cathedral, 1874; (7) Bells of Somersetshire, 1875; (8) 
Bells of Gloucestershire, 1881 ; and (9) History of the Parish of 
Bitton, including Kingswood Chase, two parts, 1881-83. These, it 
may be noted, were privately printed. 

Having reached the patriarchal age of ninety-five years, he 
departed this life at Clyst St. George, July 30, 1885; and a few 
days after his remains were deposited in the churchyard of Bitton. 
In the chancel of the church of his old parish he had erected a 
mural tablet, with the following inscription (the blanks to be filled 
in due time after his decease) : 

Henry Thomas Ellacombe, M.A., | sometime Vicar of this 
parish, j and | Eector of Clyst S. George, Devon, | died .... 



Anne, the wife of the above, | died at the Vicarage House | on 
the tenth of March, | MDCCCXXV., aged XXXI. 

Ann, his second wife, | died at the Vicarage House | on the 
eighteenth of March, | MDCCCXXXL, | aged XXVIII. 

Charlotte, his third wife, | died at Clyst S. George | on the 
nineteenth of November, MDCCCLXXL, | aged LXXIII. 

" These all died in faith." ABHBA. 

1202. THOMAS PARKER, OF GLOUCESTER, SURGEON. I am 
engaged in the collection of family muniments and memorials, 
and much desire some information regarding the descent of Thomas 
Parker, of Gloucester, surgeon, who died there in 1802, and was 
buried in a vault at the cathedral. He married Maria Ann (who 
died before 1802, and was buried in the same place), daughter of 
Edward Thornbrough, Commander K.K, and sister of Vice- Admiral 
Sir Edward Thornbrough, G.C.B., descendants of Bishop Thorn- 
borough, of Bristol, 1603-16. The enclosed pedigree shows all I 
know respecting him. I have, however, an older one, beginning 
with Thomas Parker, of Notgrove, 1558, and ending with Edward 
Parker, of Hasfield, who died in 1682, eetat. 8; but though I 



232 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

understand that the Thomas Parker who died in 1802, was descended 
from the Thomas Parker of 1558, there is a long gap which I 
should like to fill in. Kindly insert this request for information. 
EDWARD THORNBROUGH PARKER SHEWEN. 
Antigonishe, Nova Scotia. 

1203. VENETIAN GLASS IN ENGLAND. I am told that the 
earliest imitation of Venetian glass in England was made at 
Cheltenham about the year 1770. Is this correct 1 and if so, can 
anyone tell me the name of the maker, or anything else about the 
work ( { Was Gloucestershire at that time noted for its glass-works % 
and were there many glass-works in the West of England generally 1 
I should be glad if anyone could furnish me with information on 
this subject, in which I am much interested. j> p 

1204. "HoonNGS IN MICKLETON WOOD." Can any corres- 
pondent give me information regarding the "traditional hootings 
in Mickleton Wood " 1 Q R 

1205. THE HEANE FAMILY. James Heane, who married 
Elizabeth Walter, May 15, 1636, became a major-general in the 
army of the Parliament, and held the offices of governor of 
Weymouth and Jersey. (See Notes and Queries, 3 rd S. iv. 48, 115.) 
His eldest son Thomas was of Tockington, in the parish of 
Olveston, Gloucestershire, and had an only son James. His 

daughter Martha married Ery. Further than this I have 

been unable to trace his descendants. I shall be grateful for any 
notes relative to persons of the name. 

I have the following extracts from registers, which it may be 
well to give : 

Horfield. 

1636. The 15 th day of May was married James Heane and 

Elizabeth, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth 
Walter. 

1637. Feb. 19. Thomas, s. of James and Elizabeth Heane, bap. 

Olveston. 

1638. Mar. 11. James, s. of James Heane and Elizabeth, his 

wife, bap. 

1641. Feb. 25. David, s. of James Heane, gent., and Elizabeth, 
his wife, bap. 

1643. April 5. David, s. of James Heane, of Tockington, 

gent., and Elizabeth, his wife, bur. 

1644. April 10. David, s. of James Heane, of Tockington, 

gent., and Elizabeth, his wife, bap. Henry Hane, 
Matthew Walter, gent., and Elizabeth Walter, wife of 
Thomas Walter, of Horfield, gent., this Child's 
Witnesses. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 233 

1 644. May 24. Mary, d. of Henry Heane, minister, and Elizabeth, 

his wife, bap. 
1646. Sept. 20. Martha, d. of James Heane and Elizabeth, his 

wife, bap. 
Sept. 27. Elizabeth, d. of Henry Heane, Vicar, and 

Elizabeth, his wife, bap. 

1649. June 5. Hanna, d. of Henry Heane, clarke, bap. 

1650. Mar. 18. Nathan, s. of Henry Heane, minister, bap. 
Nov. 29. Mary, d. of John Walter, gent., bap. [Was 

not this the Mary Walter, who married at Siston, 
Dec. 8, 1674, Sir Edward Acton, Bart. ?] 
1653. Oct. 4. Sarah, d. of Henry Heane, minister, bap. 
1655. Jan. 17. James, s. of Henry Heane, Clearke, bap. 
Mar. 23. Jonathan Jarwell, a neger borne at Geney in 
Barbery, being betwixt 18 and 19 yeeres of age, bap., 
being Captain Hean's Servant. 

The following is an extract from the Book of Affidavits for 
Marriage Licenses, Diocesan Registry, Gloucester: 1679, 12 Nov. 
John Smith, of Barkley, set. 38, with Sarah Walter, of Oldstone 
[? Olveston], widow. To be marryed att Thornbury or y e Coll : of 
Gloucester. WM c HEANE. 

Cinderford. 

To the foregoing may be appended two communications from 
Notes and Queries (5 th S. xi. 269, 354) : 

(1) In the church of Little Dean, Gloucestershire, is, or was, 
this inscription," "Rowland Heane departed this life the 23 rd 
October, 1610." In Bigland's Collections relating to Gloucestershire, 
parish of Little Dean, he says (p. 451), "The chief manor was 
vested in the family of Heane in 1610, of whom it was purchased 
in 1676 by John Parker, Gent." On a flat stone in the cloisters 
of the cathedral at Gloucester is the following, " Sacred to the 
memory of Rowland Heane, who died Sep. 1 st , 1815, aged 67." 
I should be glad to know what connexion there was between these 
two : that they belonged to the same family I already know. In 
Burke's Armory (edit. 1878) I find the following : " Heane 
(Ruardeane, co. Gloucester ; arms from a brass plate taken out of 
the church of the monastery of Abergavenny in memory of Sir 
John atte Hene, Knight of Esmy, co. Surrey, died 1432), Per 
fesse or and arg. a fesse sable, issuant therefrom a demi-lion ram- 
pant gules." Also, was Major-General James Heane (see " K & Q.," 
3 rd S. iv. 115) in any way related to this family 1 ? H. Bower. 

(2) The inscription in Little Deane Church to Rowland Heane 
has not been in existence for at least the last fifty years. Major- 
General James Heane was one of his grandchildren, and Rowland 
Heane, who was buried in Gloucester Cathedral in 1815, was one 
of his (Rowland's) descendants. William C. Heane. EDITOR. 

VOL. III. R 



234 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES, 

1206. THOMAS TEST, OB TESTE, CHAPLAIN OF WICK WAR. 
(See No.' 963.) Thomas Test, or Teste, was ordained a secular priest 
at Worcester, 21 Sept., 1504, having obtained a title from the 
priory of S* Bartholomew at Gloucester. He would appear to be 
the same as the chaplain at Wickwar, whose name is somewhat 
indistinctly written on the subsidy-roll of 1513 preserved in the 
episcopal registers at Worcester. THOMAS P. WADLEY, M.A. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. 

1207. REDWOOD FAMILY. A detailed genealogical account of 
the Redwood family, formerly of Bristol, who settled in America in 
the last century, may be found in the first number of the Newport 
Historical Magazine (July, 1880), issued by the Historical 
Publishing Co., Newport, Rhode Island, U.S.A. 

Abraham Redwood was born in Bristol in 1665 ; he commanded 
a ship, and traded with the West Indies. He married Mehetable, 
daughter of Jonas Langford, of Antigua. Having remained there 
till 1712, he then settled at Salem, Mass,, and afterwards at 
Newport, Rhode Island. He married 2ndly, in 1716, a widow, 
Mrs. Patience Phillips, a native of Rhode Island, and daughter of 
Joseph Howland. He died January 17, 1729, aged 64, having had 
by his two marriages eleven children, of whom particulars are 
recorded. 

An inscription commemorative of others of the name who were 
resident in Jamaica, is in Archer's Monumental Inscriptions of the 
British West Indies (London, 1875), p. 66, as follows: "To the 
memory of Stephen Richard Redwood, Esq re , who was born in 
Spanish Town j on the l sfc of December, 1726, and died on the | 8 th 
of December, 1781, and was, for many years, one of the | 
Representatives in Assembly for S* Thomas in the Vale, | Also, to 
the memory of his son, the Honourable Philip Redwood, Barrister- 
at-Law, | who was a Representative for S* Catherine | upwards of 
twenty-five years, was chosen Speaker of the Assembly in 1802, | 
appointed Chief Justice of this Island in 1808, and died | on the 
9 th of February, 1810, in London, in his 60 th year." p t j) y 

1208. RENT OF FARMS IN 1736. The following advertise- 
ments occur in a copy of the Gloucester Journal published in 
March, 1736: 

" To be Lett, for seven Years, or less if desir'd, an Estate at 
South-Mead, in the Parish of Westbury on Trym, in the County 
of Gloucester, 2 Miles from Bristol, and 8 from Sodbury, about 
130 per Annum, Tythe free, and containing about 250 Acres of 
Pasture and Arable Land, with a good Farm-House, and all Con- 
veniences to it, having been lately improved, and capable of more 
Improvement. Enquire of Mr. Thomas Knight, of South-Mead, 
the Owner thereof ; or of Mr. Thomas Jacob. Merchant, in Trinity- 
street, Bristol." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 235 

" To be Lett, from Lady-Day next, a Farm of about the yearly 
Value of 200, being about one Mile from Marshfield, 5 Miles from 
Bath, and 9 from Bristol ; and consisting of a large and good Farm- 
House, convenient Out-houses, and near 500 Acres of Inclosed 
Ground, lying together and round the House; about one Third 
Part of which Ground is Meadow and Pasture, the residue is 
Arable. The Farm hath Plenty of Water in the driest of Times, 
and will not rot Sheep in the worst of Times. Enquire of 
Mr. Alsop, of West Littleton, near Marshfield." j j^ 

1209. BRISTOL AND THE SLAVE TRADE, 1016-35. The late 
Mr. John Eichard Green has written in his Conquest of England 
(1883), p. 443 : Whatever part the slave trade played in the 
commerce of Chester, it was the main traffic of Bristol. The rise 
of Bristol had been probably as recent as that of its rival port on 
the western coast : a number of coins, indeed, which witness to the 
presence of a mint here in Cnut's day, form the first historic 
evidence of the existence of the town itself, though the presence of 
a parish of St. Mildred [? Werburgh] within its bounds suggests an 
earlier life in Mercian days. The trade with southern Ireland, 
from which its importance sprang, originated at any rate with the 
planting of Danish towns on the Irish coast, and the rise of Bristol 
into commercial activity cannot have been earlier than that of 
Dublin or Waterford. For a trade with Ireland the estuary of the 
Severn was the natural entrepot, and the deep channel of the Avon 
furnished a port at that point of the estuary from whence roads 
led most easily into the heart of Britain. The town, however, was 
still a small one in the days of the Confessor, nor was its general 
traffic probably as yet of much consequence. But nowhere was 
the slave trade so active. The Bristol burgher bought up men over 
the whole face of England for export to Ireland, where the Danes, 
as elsewhere, acted as factors for the slave markets of half 
Europe. Youths and maidens were above all the object of their 
search; and in the market of the town rows of both might be 

seen chained and roped together for the mart It 

was in vain that canon and law forbade that Christian guiltless 
men should be sold out of the land, and above all to heathen 
purchasers, or that this prohibition was repeated in the laws of 
Cnut. It was easy indeed to evade such enactments. The man 
who had been reduced to slavery by sentence of law, or the 
children who inherited his taint of blood, could not be held as the 
guiltless persons mentioned in it ; and no English law would be 
made to apply to slaves either purchased or taken in war from the 
neighbouring Welsh. BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1210. BRISTOL IN 1777. The Bristol Times and Mirror of 
June 2, 1877, gives a few amusing extracts from the file of its 



236 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

predecessor, Felix Farley's Bristol Journal, for just one century 
earlier. The following are specimens : 

"May, 1777. Bon Ton Intelligence. "We are informed from 
the Hotwells that it is there the prevailing 'ton for gentlemen to go 
and drink the waters at the Pump-room with their night-caps on ; 
and that this innovation of the head-dress somewhat alarms the 
ladies, as they seem of late to have monopolised the capital enor- 
mities to themselves." 

About a fortnight later is the following entry, with the same 
heading : 

" We are informed that no considerable alteration in dress has 
taken place since the 'Revolution of the Nightcap,' except the 
seemingly extravagant appendage of an extraordinary watch; as 

the gentlemen of the true ton wear one in each fob 

We conceive that this fashion, contrary to most others, is held out 
as an indisputable mark of prudence and economy, since in a 
literal sense it cannot but render the wearer doubly watchful" 

The use of two watches by the fashionable youth of the time 
was ridiculed by contemporary caricaturists and farce-writers. 

The following is probably a passing satire on a folly of the 
fair sex : 

" The season at the Hotwells is now truly brilliant, but no con- 
siderable alteration in polite amusements has taken place, except 
that the ladies and gentlemen have formed a resolution of going to 
the balls undressed." 

The press of that age was rarely devoid of reports of highway 
robberies. In a number of Felix Farley we read that the 
Birmingham diligence to the White Hart, Bristol, was stopped 
between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, within 100 yards 
of Stoke's Croft turnpike Gate, by two footpads, who robbed the 
passengers of between 4 and 5 ; that the landlord of the White 
Hart, being unable to find the mayor's officers (the only police 
force), set off in a " whiskey " himself in pursuit of the thieves ; 
that he was stopped by the same rogues "at the Cross Posts, 
between the turnpike and Redland ; " and that the footpads having 
fired a brace of blunderbusses without effect, his horse started off 
at full speed, and he "thought it expedient to hasten home by 
another road." " The same night, between nine and ten o'clock, as 
Mr. and Mrs. Trevilian, of Clifton, were returning home in their 
carriage from Queen square, they were attacked the upper end of 
Park street by two footpads (judged to be the same fellows), who 
robbed them of about four pounds in cash and a plain gold watch." 

J. L. 

1211. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH REGISTERS, No. VIII. : SYSTON. 

Baptisms. 

1583. June 27. Margaret Sen John [St. John], d. of Oliver 
Senjohn, Esq r . 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 237 

1587. Aug. 24. Cecilie, d. of Morrys Hill, Gent. 

1598. Aug. 6. Isabell, d. of Arthur Kemisse [Kemys], Gent. 

1599. Dec. 3. Arthur, s. of same. 

1602. Aug. 5. Grace, d. of John Horsey, Gent. 

1603. Oct. 30. Mary, d. of same. 

1608. April 3. John, s. of Rafe Peacock, the younger, and 

Katherine, his wife. 
1610. Feb. 17. Heline, d. of same. 
1613. Dec. 26. Anne, d. of same. 

1626. July 14. Richard, s, of Henry Billingsley, Esq r [lord 

of the manor], and Sarah, his wife. 

1627. Oct. Robert, s. of same. 

1628. Mar. 14. Matthew, s. of same. 

1630. Mar. 15. John, s. of same. 

1631. Feb. 23. Thomas, son of same. 

1661. Feb. 13. Rosina, d. of M r Walter Chester. 

1662. Dec. 9. Thomas, s. of Richard Gregson, Gent. 

1663. Jan. 1. Ann, d. of John Symes. 

1692. Feb. 23. Elizabeth, d. of M r John and Mary Meredith 

p of The Lodge]. 

1696. June 4. Amy, d. of same. 
1701-2. Mar. 19. Philippe, d. of same. 
1702. Aug. 19. John, s. of John Holland, Esq r , and M rs 

Dorothy, his wife. He was buried May 9, 

1703. 

Marriages. 

1590. Aug. 27. Henry Weston, Gent., and Elizabeth Inyon. 

1591. May 20. Edward Bosden, Gent., and Susan Pollington, 

Widow, 

1600. May 29. M r Ralph Peacock and Katherine Clement. 

1629. June 2. John Peacocke and Ann Jeffry. 

1637. Feb. William Peacocke and Katherine Tucker. 

[A blank in the register for several years.] 

1654. Consent of Matrimony published between Samuel Cuffe, 
of Savernack Park, in Wootten Bibery, Wilts, Gent., 
and M rs Mabell Strange, of Siston, Widow. 

1662. Dec. 2. Stephen Rosewell and Elizabeth Flower. 

1665. June 4. Thomas Prewett and Ann Flower. 

1667. Mar. 24. Thomas Prewett and Barbara Codrington. 

1668. Aug. 11. Tho 8 Hall, Gent,, and Hester Tyler. 

1673. May 19. Richard Tibbett and Ann Flower. 

1674, Dec. 8. Sir Edward Acton, [3rd] Bart., and M rs Mary 

Walter [" an heiress," d. of John Walter, 
of Elberton]. 

1676. May 18. Edward Dover and Mary Flower. 
May 23. M r Godfrey Vansteane and M rs Abigail 
Braine. 



238 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1676. M r Robert Wadman and M rs Hannah Trotman [d. of 

Samuel Trotman, Esq., b. April 19, 1652]. 

1689. Aug. 29. Richard Holford, Esq.,* and M rs Susanna 
Trotman [b. Jan. 17, 1655]. 

1693. May 4. Edward Parker, Vicar of Bitton [1691-1714], 

and Mary Tyler, Widow. 
1696. Nov. 4. M r Richard Griffin and M rs Sarah Wickham. 

Burials. 

1586. Feb. 15. James, s. of Anthony Dole, Gent, 
1590. Oct. 2. Jane, wife of Edward Bosden, Gent. 

Oct. 12. Elizabeth, wife of Anthony Weston, Gent. 

1592. Feb. 23. Walter Bosden, Gent. 

1605. Feb. 25. Dorithie \_nee Veale], wife of Arthur Player, 
Gent.f 

1609. Feb. 27. Ralph Peacock, the Elder. 

1610. April 5. Arthur Player, Gent. 

1612. LastofFeby. Thomas Grubham, borne near Bridgwater. 

1613. Jan. 29. Elizabeth, wife of Walter Strange, Gent, pof 

Mound's Court]. | 
1621. Dec. 2. A daughter of Henry Billingsley, Esq r , and 

Sarah, his wife. 
1634. Feb. 20. Anne Peacocke. 

Feb. 24. Matthew Billingsley, Gent. 
1656. July 17. M Mary Strange. 

1663. April 27. M r Robert Ducy. 

May 8. Grace, wife of M r Richard Gregson. 

Dec. 31. Ann, wife of John Symes. 

Feb. 4. John, s. of Capt. John Gorden. 

1666. Dec. 4. Ann, wife of Thomas Prewett, the d r of 
Richard Flower, Rector of Syston. 

1687. Richard Flower, A.M., Rector, succeeded by Jonathan 

Luffingham. 

1688. Dec. 20. M Ann Ducy, in the Chancel. 

1692. Mar. 27. Buried in the Church, M Elizabeth Rosewell. 

Nov. 5. Elizabeth, wife of M r Nathaniel Bull. 

1694. Jan. 20. Margaret Prewett, Widow. 
1704. April 16. M rs Joan Luffingham. 

1724. Jan. 31. Jonathan Luffingham, Rector [16874724]. 

Sir Richard Holford, Knt., Master in Chancery, m. 1st, Sarah, dau. of John Crew, Esq., 
of Westonbirt ; 2ndly, Elizabeth, dau. of Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Stayncr ; and Srdly (as 
above), Susanna, dau. of Samuel Trotman, Esq. 

+ Atkyns mentions an inscription in the church "for Dorothy, the wife of Mr. Arthur 
Pleyer, and for two children," but he does not give ic. The inscription is in the chancel, as 
stated by Bigland, and is as follows : " Hie jacet corpus Dorotheas Player, uxoris Arthuri 
Player, filise Gulielmi Veale, quae obijt 24 die mensis Februarij, Ao. Dom. 1605." 

t "The Stranges were an ancient family of this place; they resided at a farm called 
Mound s Court, where queen Katherine, dowager of king Henry the Eighth, was entertained 
for seven or eight days." ATKYNS. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 239 

1212. NOTES ON THE PARISH OF PITCHCOMBE. 

( Continued from No. 1184.) 

Another inquisition (which appears to refer to the same lands) 
was taken at Gloucester on the Sunday next before the feast of 
St. Valentine in the same year, 31 Edw. L, before the same 
sheriff, Wm. de Gardinis, Kobert Mort de freyt, Robt. de Sudley, 
and others, as to whether it could be permitted to Gilbert de 
Massyngton to assign a messuage and carucate in Pichenecoumbe 
to the abbot and convent : they say that it would not be to the 
king's damage for him to do so ; that the messuage is held of the 
abbot by a rent of 17 s 4 d , and suit at his court every three weeks ; 
that there remain to the said Gilbert (besides this gift and assign- 
ment) lands and tenements to do custom and service, and to meet 
other charges which he has been accustomed to sustain, as in suits, 
vigils, views of frankpledge, talliages, fines, redemptions, amercia- 
ments, and whatsoever other charges had to be sustained ; and that 
the same Gilbert may be put on assize and juries, as before he had 
been put, and that the land shall not be aggrieved more than has 
been usual. In the same year, as we learn from the " Originalia " 
Rolls, "Abbas Sci Petri Gloucestr' finem fecit cum R ^ centum solid' 
ty licencia ingrediendi laicum ten' in Pychenecombe." 

Some of these lands, thus held by the monastery of St. Peter, 
appear to have been annexed to- Standish, where the monks had 
large possessions : if this be the case, it will account for that 
detached portion of the parish of Standish which runs through the 
village of Pitchcombe. The policy of the monastic bodies being 
to- consolidate their property, this part of Pitchcombe was added to 
their larger manor of Standish; but by the operation of the 
|< Divided Parishes Acts," 1876-82, it has lately been restored, and 
is now for civil purposes included in the parish of Pitchcombe. 

Gilbert de Massynton, whose name occurs in the last-mentioned 
inquisition, held lauds at Hardwick, viz., a messuage, carucate, and 
six acres, which he bought of Hugh le Despencer, but he was 
ousted by John le Boteler, of Lanultyt, who, with Beatrice, his 
wife, held the manor of Park (Hardwick) of Matthew Fitzherbert 
(Inq : ad quod, 15 Edw. II.). This John was steward to Hugh le 
Despencer, and was guilty of various acts of violence, for which, 
upon petition to Parliament, Gilbert was directed to sue at common 
law. (Eot. Parl., ^dw. III. Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, i., 296.) 

In 15 Edw. II. (1322), after the king's success against the 
patriotic barons in the battle of Boroughbridge, when Humphrey 
de Bohun, earl of Hereford, was slain, the lands of the supporters 
of the defeated party were taken into the king's hands, and 
amongst them those of Walter de Wylton in Pychenecumbe. The 
survey is to be found among the documents connected with the 
" Contrariants " in the Public Record Office, and has been printed 
in Gloucestershire Notes and Queries, No. 949. It gives the names 



240 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of the tenants, the size of their holdings, the rent payable, and the 
various services required, viz., harvest work, the hoeing of the 
lord's corn, &c. The lands do not appear to have been entirely 
forfeited to the Crown, as in 17 Edw. II. (1324), that is, two 
years subsequent to the inquisition, Eobert de Maundevill "de 
Weston " paid a fine of five marks to the king for a license to 
receive from Walter de Wylton and Isabella, his wife, certain lands 
and tenements in " Pinchenecumbe." 

Eobert de Maundevill died in 1349, holding lands in Devon, 
Dorset, and this county, as regards which last we find the 
following : " Inquisition taken before Simon Wasset, escheator of 
the lord the king in the county of Gloucester, at Pinchincoumbe, 
on Friday next after the feast of the Ascension, in the 22nd year 
of the reign of King Edward the third after the conquest, by 
virtue of a writ of the lord the king, on the oath of Nicholas 
Pope, Eobt. de Minsterworth, Jno Ockholt, Jno Organ, Walt, le 
Droys, Wm. Fokett, Jno Sigryth, Thos. le Webbe, Walt. Glede, 
Eic. le Gole, Thos. le Chaloner, Walt, de Southam ; who say on 
their oath that Eobert de Maundeville held on the day on which 
he died the manor of Pinchincoumbe conjointly with Isabella, his 
wife, of the gift and feoffment of Walter de Wylton to the afore- 
said Eobert and Isabella, and their heirs ; that the said manor was 
held in capite of the lord the king by 5 s *$ ann : for all services, 
and that it was worth in all its issues, beyond reprisals, 40 s ; that 
he also held two virgates of land, with appurtenances, of the lord 
Eichard Talbot within Painswick, by the service of xiv d per ann:, 
but worth x s per ann : and they say that the said Eobert died on 
Wednesday, the 7 th May, and that John, his son, is the next heir, 
and is of the age of 28 years and more." 

Isabella de Maundevylle held the same lands in dower, and 
dying 30 Edw. III. (1357), a writ was issued to Thomas de 
Berkele, the king's escheator, to take the oath of fealty of John de 
Maundevill, her son and heir (who had paid relief), " for the carucate 
and twenty-two shillings rent in Pychenecombe held of the king in 
capite, by the service of five shillings per annum." This Thomas 
de Berkele founded a chantry in the church of Cubberly, which he 
endowed with thirteen messuages, two tofts, thirty-four acres, and 
two acres of wood. (Pat. Eoll, 19 Edw. III.) 

John de Maundeville died 34 Edw. III. (1361), aged 40 years : 
he was seised of five messuages, twenty-two acres, two virgates and 
a half, and two acres of wood, in Painswick and " Egge," which he 
held of Sir John de Bromwich by the service of xiiij d per annum, 
Joan, wife of William de Bokeland, being his sister and heir. 

Joan dying in the following year, 1362, the jurors (Hugh 
atte Seynezard, John le Eous, John Thoedolf, Eobt. Passmore, 
John Johnes, Walter King, Wm. Englis, Walt. Coke, Wm. Ellys, 
Eoger Salecombe, John Gibbons, John Sprot) found that she held 
a messuage and carucate at Pychenecumbe, worth by the year in all 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 241 

issues xxiij 8 viij d : also the money rents xxij 8 , in capite of the king; 
six acres at Harescombe of Giles de Avenebury, by the service of a 
clove (" garyophylli ") per annum, of which land each acre was worth 
xj d ; and arable land at Painswick and " Egge," of which the value 
seems much less than in 1349, by reason probably of bad seasons. 

The Pitchcombe lands were in the possession of Ealph de 
Wolverton at his death, 44 Edw. III. (1371) : and in 5 Rich. II. 
(1382) an inquisition "ad quod damnum" was taken at Gloucester 
on the Tuesday next after the feast of St. Michael, before Hugh de 
Byseley, the king's escheator. on the oath of Wm. Hockenall, Jno 
Stonehouse, Wm. Dudbruge, Hen. Monk, Jno Hockenall, Wm. 
ffelde, John Seymour, John Chapman, John Notylyn, John Wilkyns, 
Laurence Gervays, Jno Wode, jurors : who said that it would not 
tend to the hurt of the king as lord, for Walter de Perle, Hawisia 
his wife, and John their son, to retain and have a carucate of land 
and xxij 8 rents in Pychencombe, which they had purchased of 
William de Gyldone, cousin and heir of Isabella, who was the wife 
of Walter de Wylton who held in demesne in capite for self and 
heirs, paying v 8 to the king by the hand of the sheriff. They 
state that the land is worth x 8 per annum, and no more, because it 
lies in common. 

Walter de Perle had property in Dorset, and appears to have 
been knight of the shire in the parliaments of 34 and 45 Edw. III. 
(1360-1370) : the names of Eoger le Gyldone, and Henry le 
Guldene, miles, also occur in the parliamentary lists for that county : 
they were probably related to the Perle family. 

Elizabeth, the only daughter and heiress of John Parle (or Perle), 
of Dorset, married Richard Moure de Pykyzet (Pyksgate), who 
died on the Thursday in Easter week, A.D. 1433 (11 Hen. VI). 
He was seised of Kyngswode manor and other lands in Somerset ; 
of Morthesthorn manor, South Perret, Loscombe, and Nytherbury, 
in Dorset ; and of " Pychyncombe alias Pychecombe," in this 
county of Gloucester, where he had seven messuages, one hundred 
and eighty acres arable, eight acres of meadow, and ten of wood, 
with the advowson of the church. He had, by indenture dated 
20 May, 4 Hen. VI., conveyed all these lands, by name of a manor, 
to Richard Hackis (or Hickis) for sixteen years, at the rent of five 
pounds sterling per ann :, payable at Easter and Michaelmas. The 
arable land was estimated to be worth iij d per acre ; the eight acres 
of meadow, xij d per acre ; and the ten acres of wood, i d per acre. 

Thomas Moure, son and heir of Elizabeth, daughter and heir of 
John Parle, of Dorset, was found, by inquisition taken at Gloucester 
on the Thursday after the feast of St. Peter ad Vincula (Aug. 1), 
to be the next heir of Richard Moure, and of the age of twenty- 
two years. The jurors were, Thos. Bron, Simon Cottesbroke, 
Robt. Mychell, Robt. Pounsard, Thos. Godston, John Burnell, 
John Deughton, John Brugge senior, Ric. Ivell, Robt. Coterugge, 
John Brugge junior, and Walter Lye. 



242 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The church is first mentioned in the Taxation of Pope Nicholas,. 
A.D. 1291: "Wygorn' Spirit' In Decanat' Glouc.' Porcio 
Prioris Lanthon' in Eccl ia de Harsecomb' et Pychenecomb' : v s in 
pecun', Dec' vj d ." And in 1362, it begins to be named in the 
institutions of the rectors of Harescombe. 

The church consisted o-f nave, chancel, south porch, and western 
tower, with "pack-saddle" roof and gables. These towers are 
more common in Normandy than in this country, but examples are 
not wanting in England: e.g. r Broekthrop, Maidford and Thorpe 
Mandeville, ISTorthants, &c. M. de Caumont considers these belfries 
to belong (as regards France) to a period as late as the fourteenth 
century ; consequently, they are additions when found with earlier 
work. The suggested date for the tower of Brockthrop Church in 
the " Glossary " is " circa 1380," this later date being substituted 
by the editor for "circa 1250," as in former editions. 

The stone pulpit and font are given in Lysons's Gloucestershire 
Antiquities, pits, vii., Ixii. One of the ancient bells remains : it 
bears the inscription " Kofjannes foacafcitur," and is recorded in 
Ellacombe/s Church Bells of Gloucestershire, p. 59. 

The church, which was in a dilapidated condition, and did not 
afford sufficient accommodation for the parishioners, was taken 
down in 1819, and the present church erected on the same site : 
this building was greatly improved in 1870 by the enlargement of 
the chancel, a new roof, and the re-arrangement of the pews. . 

The feast day is said to be the first Sunday after the third day 
of September, and a fair was formerly held on the following 
Monday ; but its last relics have passed away in the lifetime of the 
present generation. It is, however, worthy of record, as it may 
afford a clue to the dedication of the church, about which there is 
some uncertainty. 

The exact site of the ancient castle is unknown ; and as none of 
the records here noticed mention it, its destruction may be supposed 
to have taken place at a very early date : it was probably one of 
the numerous strongholds raised in the time of Stephen, amounting 
to no less than eleven hundred and fifteen. The chroniclers tell of 
the tyrannous exactions of the seigneurs or castellans, and the 
tortures they inflicted on the defenceless- cultivators. In the 
following reign many of the castles were ordered to be demolished ; 
viz., at a council held at Westminster, A.D. 1155, no less than one 
hundred and forty. 

The probable site is on the Eagged Castle farm, a little to the 
KE.^ of the church. It is not unlikely that "Eagged Castle" 
acquired the name from the ruinous condition into which it had 
fallen, the designation occurring in other parishes in this county 
and elsewhere ; and that the present ancient and interesting farm- 
house, now occupied by Mr. H. Chamberlayne, was built out of the 
old stones of the dilapidated stronghold. "Great Hale" and 
"Little Hale" are names of adjoining fields, and afford some 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 243 

evidence of such a castle or stronghold, if we rightly interpret a 
passage in "Annal. Lond.," p. 90, A.D. 1281 "domos . . . 
quae vocantur Hales, anglice Stockes." In the neighbouring parish 
of Painswick we meet with " Castle Hale." 
(To be continued.) 

1213. THE MONUMENT OF JOHN THORNBOROUGH, BISHOP OP 
BRISTOL, 1603-16. The Eev. Octavius Fox, of Worcester, wrote 
as follows in Notes and Queries (1 st S. iii. 299) : Our local 
antiquaries have long been puzzled by an inscription in the Lady 
chapel of our cathedral. It stands on the monument of Bishop 
Thornborough [of Worcester, 1616-41], and was prepared by himself 
fourteen years before his decease in 1641, at the age of ninety-four. 
He was addicted to alchymy, and published a book in 1621, entitled 
AiOoOewpiKos, sive, Nihil aliquid, omnia, &c. In the course of 
some recent studies in the Pythagorean philosophy, my attention 
was accidentally engaged by this inscription ; and it at once struck 
me that it was thence that the explanation was to be derived. The 
epitaph is as follows : on one side, 

" Denarius Philosophorurn, Dum Spiro, Spero "- 
on the other, 

" In Uno, 2. 3. 4 or 10. non Spirans Spera&o." 

The two latter letters are now effaced. It is well known that the 

Pythagoreans found all the modes of space in the relations of 

numbers. The monad, or unit, was not only the point whence all 

extension proceeds, but it further symbolised the First Principle, 

the origin of all. The decad represented the line, as being bounded 

by two points or monads. The triad stood for surface as length and 

width. The tetrad for the perfect figure, the cube, length, depth, 

and width. The decad, or denarius, indicated comprehensively all 

being, material and immaterial, in the utmost perfection : hence the 

term decas, or denarius, was used summarily for the whole science 

of numbers, as in the title of Meursius's tract De Denario Pytha- 

gorico, which was published four years after the date of the 

inscription, and when the philosophy was attracting much attention 

among European scholars. To be as concise as possible then, I 

presume that the old bishop intended that the tomb on which his 

effigy lies was his access to that perfection of existence which 

philosophers had designated by the decas, or denarius. During the 

present life he was hoping for it, "Dum Spiro, Spero." On the 

other side : " In Him, who is the source, the beginning, the middle, 

and the end of all existence and perfection (in Uno, 2. 3. 4 or 10. 

non Spirans Sperabo), though I breathe no more, yet shall I hope." 

Such is probably the meaning of his pious conceit, and I offer it as 

a solution of what has long served for a riddle to the visitors of 

our cathedral. Beyond this, your readers and myself may be 

equally indifferent to such cabalistical quaintness. But let us treat 

it with charity, as the devout consummation of an aged alchymist. 



244 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1214. LONGDEN FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER. 

( Continued from ffo. 1193.) 

George Roger Longden, son of John Robert and Louisa 
Longden, was married at Hackney new Church,* in the county of 
Middlesex, to Mary Catherine Lawson, daughter of M r James 
Lawson, of Hackney Terrace, on the 12 th of Aug., 1835. 

Elizabeth Amelia Louisa Longden, daughter of John Robert'and 
Louisa Longden, was married at S. Pancras new Church, county of 
Middlesex, to Henry Joseph Hamblin, of Walsall, Staffordshire, on 
the 10 th of Jan r y, 1837, and has issue, 

1. Louisa Jane, born November 19 th , 1838, was christened at 
Walsall, in Staffordshire, in January, 1839. 

2. Frederick Harcourt, born Oct. 16, 1842, was christened at 
S. Pancras Ch. 10 th January, 1843. 

The before-named George Roger Longden was re-married at 
S. Stephen's, Marylebone, to Caroline Frances Gaine, elder daughter 
of John Edward Gaine, Esq., and Elizabeth, his wife, on 29 th 
August, 1867. 

The above-named Caroline Frances died 11 th Jan r r, 1870, in her 
57 th year. 

Louisa Longden, widow of John Robert Longden, died at 
Watford, June, 1875. 

George Roger Longden and Mary Catherine have issue, as follows, 

1. William George, born 28 June, 1836, christened at 
S. Pancras Ch. 20 October, 1836. 

2. John Spencer, bom 13 June, 1840, christened at S. Pancras 
Ch. 12 August, 1840. 

The above Mary Catherine departed this life on Thursday, the 
5 th July, 1866, in her 54 th year. 

George Roger Longden died at Putney on Feb. 4, 1879, in his 
69 th year. 

On the 26 th day of August, 1841, Sophie Lavinia, second 
daughter of John Robert and Louisa Longden, was married at 
S. Dunstan in the West to Richard Peacock Walker, Esq., of the 
Stamp Office, Somerset House. 

On Thursday, 24 Sept., 1846, Mary Anne, third daughter of 
John Robert and Louisa Longden, was married at S. John's, 
Holloway, by the Rev. T. Turner, of Lancaster, to Arthur Walker, 
Esq., of King's Road, Gray's Inn. 

The above-mentioned Arthur Walker died Dec. 31, 1875. 

On Tuesday, the 18 Jan^, 1848, Ann Maria, fourth daughter of 
J. R. and L. L., was married at S. Pancras Ch., by the Rev. C. T. 
Durnford, M.A., to Alexander Haywood Richardson, Esq., of the 
Provincial Bank of Ireland, Old Broad St., London. [Issue,] 

' C " L ' Were married at South Hackne y Church, and not at 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 245 

Henry Alexander, son of the above, born Sept. 30, 1848, 
baptized [at] S. Matthew's, City Road, 19 Nov r following. 

The above A. H. Richardson died at Sydney, IST.S.W., June 20, 
1874. 

On Tuesday, the 19 Sept, 1848, Edward Harcourt Longden, 
third son of the late John Robert and Louisa Longden, was 
married at Holywell Church, Oxford, by the Rev. G. C. Gordon, to 
Sophia Elizabeth, eldest daughter of C. S. Waddell, Esq., of 
Oxford : he died in India, leaving 7 children, 5 girls and 2 boys. 

James Robert Longden, 4th surviving son of J. Rob fc and Louisa 
Longden, married at S. Kitt's, W.I., 22 Sept., 1864, to Alice 
Emily, daughter of James Samuel Berridge, Esq., and has issue, 
Alice Emily, bora 30 August, 1865. 

Thomas Hayter Longden married Lavinia Johnson, dau. of 
Robert Johnson, Esq., of Finchley, in the county of Middlesex, 
Sept. 21, 1813, at S. George's. Hanover Square, same county, and 
has issue, 

1. Lavinia Mary, bom June 27 th , 1814. 

2. Emma, born June 21, 1815. 

3. Robert Knight, born May 27, 1817. 

4. Henry Errington, b. January 14, 1819. 

5. Jane Catherine, b. Sept. 30, 1820. 

6. Charles Scudamore, b. July 8, 1822. 

7. Morrell Dorrington, born May 4 th , 1825. 

William George Longden, Clerk, B.A. [1859, M.A. 1862], son 
of George Roger and Mary Catherine Longden, and Fellow of 
Queen's Coll., Cambridge, married at Warrington, in the county of 
Lancaster, to Miriam Ada, only daughter of the Rev. William 
Quekett, Clerk, and Harriet, his wife (deceased), on the 1 Sept., 
1860, and has issue, as follows, 

1. Ada Marguerite, born 20 July, 1861. Baptized at Ken- 
nington, in the county of Berks, near the city of Oxford, 011 
the 18 th of August foils. 

2. Henry William, bom 15 Sept., 1862. Baptized at 
Kennington aforesaid on the 19 Oct. foils. 

3. John Quekett, bora 27 July, 1864. Baptized 21 August, 
1864, at S. Andrew's, Wells St., Oxford St., Marylebone. 
Died at S. Columba's College, Rathfarnham FCo. Dublin], 
4 March, 1867. 

4. Aethel Louisa Mary, born 11 Sept., 1872. Baptized Oct. 
31, 1872, at S. Paul's, Penge. 

John Spencer Longden, son of George Roger and Mary C. L., 
married at S. Paul's, Putney, Surrey, to Ellen Elizabeth, surviving 
daughter of the late Col. Leonard Cooper, H.E.I.C.S., and of 
Elizabeth, his wife, on the 24 th July, 1867. [Issue,] 

1. Edith Mary, daughter of the above, b. 25 May, 1868, 
baptized at S. John, Putney, 30 June foils. 



24G GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

2. Leonard George Lawson, son of the above, born 11 Sept., 

1869, baptized at S. John, Putney, 28 Oct. foil*. 
The above-mentioned Leonard George Lawson died Sunday, 29 th 
May, 1870, at Putney. 

The foregoing entries are on different pages, and were evidently 
made from time to time. Robert Longden, who married Lucy 
Crawley, was grandson of Anne Gwinnett, from whose Bible I 
have on a former occasion given some memoranda. See ante, p. 36. 

H. ISHAM LONGDEN. 

St. Michael and All Angels, Northampton. 

1215. EXTRACTS FROM THE ACCOUNTS OF THE CHURCHWARDENS 
OF EASTINGTON, 1616-1756. Two account-books (one, 1616-1691; 
the other, 1695-1756) have been submitted for examination; and 
like most books of the kind, they have been found to contain 
sundry curious particulars. The churchwardens, with one or two 
exceptions, certainly do not deserve praise for their scholarship. 
Many of their entries, however, are curious, and even valuable ; 
and they are given as samples of what may be gleaned from similar 
documents relating to other parishes.* The following payments 
have been selected for the purpose : - 

1616. To the maymed souldiers viij 8 viij d 

the Gaole money viij 8 iiij d 
1628. Layd out for crowes or devouering fowles iiij d 

Collected for the Coinunion, equale and 

nothing remaining. 

1631. To a poore man that had losste by fire 1 

To men that came out of Ireland 6 

1633. Laid out for a newe flaggon 4 6 

Laid out for the Gaile Delivery 3 8 

1634. For a Booke of Canons 1 

For Parchment 1 
For a Note of Christenings, Weddings, 

& Buryings 1 4 

1635. Laid out for the book of Coman prayer ix 8 
1638. For an ho ure glass 8 

For a proclamation 4 

For a prayer 1 

a table for manages prohibited 2 

> * " The churchwardens' accounts [for the parish of Slymbridge] are most remarkable for the 
interminable war which they record against God's creatures up to the year 1836. In many 
years the heads of nearly 3,000 sparrows at a halfpenny each are entered in due form. The 
premium for a fox was one shilling, for a ' fitcher ' 4d., for a hedgehog 2d. ; and there is also 
a yearly entry over and above for ' varmint,' amounting to about 8s., all of which was paid 
out ot the Church-rates." Notes on the Church of Slymbridge, p. 31. 

Acts of parliament were passed in the reigns of Henry VIII. and Queen Elizabeth for the 
destruction of birds and wild animals; viz., "An Acte made and ordeyned to dystroy 
Choughs Crowes, and Rokes," 24 Hen. VIII., c. 10; and "An Act for the p'servacon of 
urayne, o raiz., c. 15. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 247 

1639. ffor altering the desk 18 7 

a table cloth 1 1 8 

y e book ffor the pulpit 1 

1640. a bottle 1 6 

prayer bookes for y e faste 3 10 

for distraction of vermine 6 

1641. for an ower glas 8 

To a man that brought the order for y e 

thankesgiuing 4 

To John Jocelyn for killing of wermiii 6 
1644. layd out for a daies worke to the Tyler 

for mendinge the tyle of y e church 1 

1646. p d for a directory 1 6 

1647. For bread & wine more then collected 4 8 

1648. To a Briefe 2 

1649. Laid out unto poore Irish 3 8 

1650. Laid out to Daniell Wilkins for washinge 

out the late Kinges armes, and Lime 

to doe it i 8 iij d 

Laid out to John Hill what hee paid to 

stoppe an Inditement against our 

p'ish x s x d 

1656. Layd out at severall times for Brieffes 6 6 

1657. Layd out for briefs 15 10 

1658. Forbriefes 10 9 

for y e Sacraments more y n was gathered 14 6 

1660. Laid out for the Brief w ch was rede in 

y e church yt spake of the great loss 

by fire in Dorsett 3 

To the sparrow catcher . 8 

1661. ffor setting up of the kinges armes 2 10 

Money given to a briefe 1 

1662. For new Bookes 13 6 
for a new Surplice 302 
to y e paritor 1 6 

for vermin 1 8 

1663. To Daniell Wilkins for writinge y e names 

of children to be catechised 1 

Layd out for an hower glass 8 

Layd out to y e Sparrow Catcher 2 

1665. Paid out for A howre glass 8 

1666. To the Paratur 2 8 
" when I was cunstable " 50 

1668. Laid out for a foxe taken 1 

for putting in the transcript 1 6 

1670. To above 60 pore semen and other pore 
people having serti vicates from severall 
Justisses of the yere and other persons 



248 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of quality for the just occasion of 

thayr travell 8 8 

1671. for hedghogs 4 
ffor a pulpitt Cushion 100 

ffor the comon prayer booke 11 
paid to M r Stokes & William Parsly for 

the Diall 9 8 

for a naile 10 

for the faste booke 1 

1672. Laid out for hedghogs 8 
Laid out to the parritar 1 10 
Laid out for makeing the Beeare 14 6 

1673. Layd out for seting up the wether cocke 

and for fiting the barr 6 

1674. Given to seamen & travelers 1 6 
forHedgHoges 1 10 
for a Booke of Homelys 10 6 
for A pulpit cloth 19 
for parchm ts & drawing the Terrior 5 

1678. For kilinge of hedghogs and foules 2 4 

1680. for the book of arttickolles 6 

for the procklymashin for the fast 1 6 

for draing the terier 2 6 

1684. payd to semen and travelers 152 
for a ffewnerall cloth 156 

1685. for varments 4 
1687. Gave away to maimed soulders & travilers 199 

for verming 4 4 

1689. What was given to Irish protestants in 

the year 1689 484 

Gathered for the breif of Bungay 6 4 
The second Breife for Irish protestants in 

in the year 1689 164 

1690. Laid out for a bason for Crisnings 4 

1691. forhedgogs 3 2 

1692. for keeping a soldier and his wife and 

child two nights and one day, and 
carying to Wheatonhust by order of 

theyr passe 2 6 

1693. for the kings Armes 6 8 

for expences for the kings Armes 1 
Gave to severall Travelers at severell 

times, and for hedghogs severall times 5 

1694. Pd the clerk for tolling the bell the Queens 

funerall 2 

1695. To Travellers, Soldiers, & Seamen 8 11 
96. Washing and mending the Linian twice 4 

1697. ffor a wisk and Bisum 5 




GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 249 

1697. The Hyor of a horse to three Visitations 3 

ffor Hegogs and Fichers 111 

1699. Paid to Abra m Eudhall thirty-three 

pounds sixteen shillings : viz. for 
casting y e Bell, the weight whereof 
is 21 cwt 3 v and 20 lb 20 

Addision of Mettle, 1 cwfc 3 v 12 lb , 
allowd for waste at 4 lb in the hundred, 
2 <i r 24 lb . In all 2 cwt 2 i r 8 lb 
at 5 s p. C wt 12 18 

Brasses & Clapper 18 

p d Nath 1 King ffor Carriage of y e Bell to 

& ffrom Gloucester 1 10 

p d Abra m Eudhalls man for setting up y e 

Bell for 4 days work 11 

p d the Smith for Iron Work 11 9 

p d John Haynes for him & his mens 

work about takeing down & putting 

up y e bell 1 56 

our own Expenses upon y e delivery of y e 

old bell 7 4 

spent vpon y e ffetching home y e new Bell 

& on y e workmen 7 6 

p d Joseph Miles for carriage of pooleys 

& Setton 10 

spent at Glo. vpon our dischargeing y e 

account with Abra m Eudhall & men 6 

spent all [ ] in Beare and victualls & 

lodging first & last about y e Bell 128 

A young Tree to prop up y e Gutter 2 

p d for 18 hedghoggs & a ffitche 3 4 

1700. A Tree of Timber of oake 140 

1701. p d John Haynes for rayles for the pound 3 6 

p d for a warrand of disturbence for Blake 1 

p d the queen proclemation 1 

1702. p d foraSalvar 2 6 

p d for a procklimation 1 

p d for Yerming 6 

p d dame Hailing for scovring y e plate 1 

1703. p d for Hedghogs & other vermints 9 7 

p d for a mat for y e parson pew 3 

p d for scouering the plate 2 

p d for Eighting 1 

1704. ffor Eiding the gutters 1 

1705. p d for washing y e wether Cock 10 6 

p d thomas Clutterbuck for a youth tree 2 

p d for washing y e lenning, scouring of y e 

plate 7 

VOL. in. s 



250 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1708. For a bering Cloth 1 18 6 

For proclimashons and a praire 3 

For a Comon prayre book 13 

1711. p d Elennor Knowls ffor putting A collar 

to the surplis and mending 3 

ffor Uermines 117 

p d Samuell Wont for mending y e Eegester 

book 020 

1712. p d W m Franklin for tiling y e Church & 

for washing y e Church 600 

p d for Uermins & burds 1 6 4J 
p d for mendeng y e Kegister book 1 6 
p d for a Carpet Cloth 17 6 

1713. paid for birds and Verments 191 
paid for a Coman prayr book 14 
paid for a pewter gun 6 
gave too a briff 1 

1714. p d for Birds and Uarments 1 7 2J 
p d ye Paritor for seuen prayer books 7 
p d for mending y e Beare 1 6 

1715. p d for mending y e puter Gunn 6 

1718. p d for farments 105 

1719. for a book & Table of Degres 15 6 
P d y e man that Came a bout y e Armes 2 

1720. for 7 days for my selfe [W m Hone, car- 

penter or builder] at 1 s 4 d a day 9 4 

for 5 days for thorn, at 1 s 2 d a day 5 10 
1722. The Disburstm ts of Stephen Beard, one 
of the Churchwardens, for the year 
1722. 

Impris. paid the first Visitation fees 096 

p d the 2 d Visitation fees 036 

The Expences at the same 026 

p d for washing the Church Linnen 026 

Gave w th a Letter of request 016 

Gave to two poor seamen in Distress 010 

pd wm Martin for a hedghogg 004 
p d J. Andrews & T. Cowles for two 

Fittches 008 
p d to E d Stephens, jun r , for seven 

Wood pickers 012 
p d Jn Haynes for hoops and wood 

pickers 016 

p d Mary Bennett for 5 Hedghoggs 10 

p d to Jn Beard for 5 Old Hedghoggs 018 
Myself for 2 old hedghoggs & 7 

young Ones 022 

p d David Walter for one Hedghogg 004 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 251 

p d Hen. Field and E d Ball for two 

Hedghoggs 008 

p d E d Lippiate for three Hedghoggs 008 

p d Sar. Clark for 4 Hedghoggs 010 

p d my Daughter for 3 Hedghoggs 006 
p d my son for 3 Hedghoggs, & 5 

Hoops, & 6 wood pickers 111 

p d Tho. Hobbs for 9 Hedghoggs 018 

p d Dan. Burnett for 3 Hedghoggs 010 

p d Jn Burnett for 3 Hedghoggs 008 
pd w m Hobbs & Jona. Clark for 10 

Hedghoggs 018 

p d Jn Norwood for 2 Hedghoggs 008 
p d Tho. Cowley & Jn Daniels for 7 

Hoops 007 

pd wm Hyatt for Yermine 006 
p d Jn Fennell & S. Ellen for two 

Hedghoggs 008 

p d Jn Miles for Hedghoggs & Hoops 026 

p d for 2 Lod of Tyle & Hailing 240 
p d the Old Churchwardens what he 

was out of pockett 1 6 OJ 
p d for Fetching Lofts & Nailes from 

Frampton 006 
p d for parchm*, making the rate, & 

writing the acc ts 026 



Totall 5 16 8J 

The Eate amounts to 623 

The Disburstm ts is 5 16 8J 

In pockett 5 6| 

1724. Payd for Woodpeckers 3 2 

Payd for Hedghogs 4 4 
Payd Three Letters of Eequest 3 

Payd Another that Lost by fire Six 

hundred p d 20 

Payd for Hoops 5 7 

Payd for 9 Kites 3 

Payd for Joyes 2 2 

Payd for Fitchers 3 4 
Payd for a brief that was Lost 2 6 

Payd for washing the two sheets after 

Penance 8 

Payd for Mending & washing the Sarpless 3 6 

Payd for foxes 1 

Payd for Scowering y e Plate 1 

1725. P d forVermine 17 8 



252 GLOUCESTEKSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1725. P d for birds 13 10 

P d to Passengers 5 

for my [George Cam's] Days work going 

to sessions about Crafts Apprentice 1 6 

for my days work amarring of Sarah 

Allin ' 1 6 

p d for washing y e Church linin twice in 

the year 5 

p d for 7 foxes 7 

p d for birds and vermin 135 

Gave to passengers 5 6 

1726. for 3 letters of Kequest & 4 Seamen, & 

severel others in distres 6 6 

p d to travlers in distress 5 6 

1 727. for a horsload of Cole to heat the Tower []] 

Irons 1 9 

for my own [Nath. Perkins'] dais work 1 

Payd for Partchment to put in y e Book 1 6 

1728. Gave to Passingers with Sartificates and 

Letters of Kequest 6 6 

for washing the Church Lunan 2 6 

for mending the Serplas 1 

p d for too prayerbooks for Saints days 2 

Gave to a Sogernour 1 

1729. P d for skowring y e platt 1 
1731. for y e Surplice, 8 Ells Holond, at 5 s 6 d 240 

thred, tape, buttons & makin 5 

1733. for all sorts of uermants 316 9 

for clening y e Chancel 2 times 2 

for Heating y e water for y e Chu : 2 

paid to sixty trauilers 12 6 

1734. April 15. 'Tis resolv'd by the whole parish that no 

Churchwarden shall henceforward be allow'd more 
than 5 s each man to spend at a Visitation. 
Witness our hands, 

E d Stephens, 
G. Clutterbuck, 
Eich d King, 
W m Budding. 

1736. Paid M r Harris for a Velom Eegister 

Book 140 

1737. P d John Roules for y e Sun Dial 17 

For 130 Days Worck at y Church, at 

1 s 6 d a Day 9 14 6 

1738. For the pulpit cloath and cooshing, and 

puting up the same 611 3 

Paid for 3 y d of black cloath, at 9 s y d 1116 

1739. P d for Birds & Vermants in May 1 7J 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 253 

1739. P d for Birds & Yermants in June 3 8f 
- pa Do. in July 1 Hi 

P d Do. in Oct r and Aug* 3 9 

pa Do. in Nov r 4 If 

P d Do. in Dec r 6 4 

P d for Hedghogs, fitchers, & Birds in 

Jan* & FeV 9 7 

P d for a fox 1 
_ Pa In March & April 2 7 

1740. Pa for Hedghogs in all the year 19 4 

P d for fitchers this year 6 8 

pa for Hickwals 9 10 

Pa for Kites this year 1 8 

P d for Joys this year 4 

P d for Hoops this year 6 2 

Pa for Sparrows & Tomtits 12 

Pa for foxes 2 

Paid for wisales 1 2 

Paid to Richard Wiles for mending y e 

iron that caries y e spout 1 

1742. p d for a hour glass 10 

p d for fouls and varments 2 2 1 

p d for five Gallons & half of Wine, at 

9 s 4 d each Gallon 2 11 4 

1743. Paid for 6 Gallons & a half of wine for 

5 Sacraments, & bottles, at 10 8 p r 

Gallon 3 10 

P d for bread & Garage for 5 Sacraments 2 7 
pa for A Church bible & Expences 326 

P d for Cleaning the bason in the Yant 2 

For my owne [Thomas Davis'] working 

four days A laying Gravell & Stone 4 8 

P d for Eatabls & bear & syder for all the 

last workemen 1 17 6 

1744. For an hour glass 10 

pa for birds and other Yermine 4 19 10 \ 

1745. p d the Court for a proclamation for a fast, 

1 s ; for an act of parlament concerning 
Deseased Cattel, 1 s ; for a prayer of 
thanksgiving for victory over the 

Eebbels, 1 s 30 

1746. p d for a Proclamation and Prayers for a 

publick Thanksgiving day for victory 

over the Kebbels 2 

P d for a Lock for the Chest 9 

P d for mending the Church Door 3 

1747. p d for an act of parlement consering the 

Catel 1 



254 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1747. for going to pains wick to fech y e Corneor 1 
pd for Birds and Verments 5 

1748. Payd for Birds and Verment and fox 6 10 
1750. Payd for Birds and Varments 5 8 

1753. P d for the Marrage Act 1 
Gave to poor Pasingers & Letters of 

Request Lost by fier, &c. 127 

P d for a Register Book for the Marage 

Act 6 

P d the Paisons [Rev. William Deighton's]* 

Mayd for Scouring the Plate 1 

1754. Gave a woman with four children 1 

1755. Expense in sending forward a Great 

bellyd Woman 2 8 

Gave M r Deightons Mayd for Scouring 

the Plate 1 

P d for mending the Tankard 3 

for finding and washing the Sheet after 

Penance 1 

P d for Hoops, Foxes, and fichers 269 

1756. P d for a fox 10 

P d for two Briefs 2 
P d for a Prayer Book for the Church 15 
Gave poor Soulders in distress 1 6 

Explanatory notes on some of the foregoing entries have been 
prepared, but are reserved for another time. Communications 
relative to any of the entries are invited. ABHBA. 

1216. PIFP'S ELM, BODDINGTON. The celebrated large and 
lofty elm tree, called Piff s Elm, which stood on the edge of the 
turnpike road, immediately in front of the Swan or Piff 's Elm Inn, 
and nearly opposite to Boddington Manor House, about midway 
between Tewkesbury and Cheltenham, was sold by auction, by 
Messrs. Moore and Weaver, for the sum of 13, Dec. 20, 1844. 
This noble tree, which had been for ages an object of admiration, 
and in magnitude had no parallel in the same part of the kingdom, 
was claimed by the dean and chapter of Westminster, as lords of 
the manor of Elmstone Hard wick, and also by John Blagdon, Esq., 
as lord of the manor of Boddington it always having been 
considered as a landmark between the two parishes ; and it was at 
length settled that the proceeds of the sale should be equally 
divided between the claimants. Time had shorn this remarkable tree 
of many of its ponderous limbs, a few of its uppermost branches 
were dead, and altogether it appeared to be fast hastening to 
decay still it was magnificent in its ruins ; and its wealthy 

* Bigland gives this inscription in the churchyard of the parish : " Hannah, wife of 
William Deighton, Minister of this parish, and daughter of Thomas Tyndall, of Stinchcomb, 
Gent., died Dec. 13, 1738, in the 73d year of her age. Also William Deighton, who was 
Minister of this parish 53 years, died Feb. 19, 1760, in the 93d year of his age." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 255 

proprietors ought to have suffered it to remain rooted in the earth, 
as a memento of bygone days, and as an interesting ornament to 
the surrounding country. Mr. William Crook, of Hasfield, was 
the purchaser, and a fortunate speculation it proved. It produced 
upwards of five hundred feet of perfectly sound and fine timber \ 
and had it not been despoiled by the storms of winter of a large 
portion of its massive limbs, it was calculated that it would have 
measured at least three hundred feet more. Planks from this 
venerable tree were eagerly sought after by many of the neigh- 
bouring gentry ; these were converted into tables for halls and 
other articles of furniture ; and numerous snuff boxes were 
manufactured from its branches by Mr. Crook, and disposed of as 
presents among his friends and neighbours. CHELTONIENSIS. 

1217. THE FIRST NEWSPAPER ARTICLE ON SUNDAY SCHOOLS. 
The Gloucester Journal for November 3rd, 4783, published a 
short article on Sunday Schools, which was doubtless written by 
the proprietor, Kobert Kaikes. As is well known, Mr. Eaikes had 
opened a Sunday School in Gloucester in 1780; but the article 
referred to, which may be worth preservation in a more accessible 
form than the file of a newspaper, was the first in which the move- 
ment was publicly mentioned. It is as follows : 

Some of the clergy in different parts of this county, bent upon 
attempting a reform among the children of the lower class, are 
establishing Sunday Schools, for rendering the Lord's Day subser- 
vient to the ends of instruction, which has hitherto been prostituted 
to bad purposes. Farmers, and other inhabitants of the towns and 
villages, complain that they receive more injury to their property 
on the Sabbath than all the week besides. This in a great measure 
proceeds from the lawless state of the younger class, who .are 
allowed to run wild on that day, free from every restraint. To 
remedy this evil, persons duly qualified are employed to instruct 
those that cannot read ; and those that may have learnt to read are 
taught the catechism, and conducted to church. By thus keeping 
their minds engaged, the day passes profitably, and not disagreeably. 
In those parishes where this plan has been adopted, we are assured 
that the behaviour of the children is greatly civilized. The 
barbarous ignorance in which they had before lived being in some 
degree dispelled, they begin to give proofs that those persons are 
mistaken who consider the lower orders of mankind incapable of 
improvement, and therefore think an attempt to reclaim them 
impracticable, or at least not worth the trouble. j ^ 

1218. THE ARMS OF THE DEANERY OF BRISTOL. In Notes 
and Queries (5 th S. iii. 44) the [late] Rev. Mackenzie E. C. Walcott 
described the arms of the deanery in these words : " Bristol. Arg., 
a cross saltire, between three fleurs de lys, in chief a wool-comb 
[Add. MSS. Brit. Mus. 6331]." In the same volume, p. 94, the 



256 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Kev. John Woodward, of Montrose, KB., replied : I do not 
remember having examined this MS. [the one given by Mr. Walcott 
as his authority], but I am quite sure that the bearing styled 
"a wool-comb" is in reality a portcullis. The arms, with this 
alteration, are sculptured upon the modern, and as many think 
misplaced, screen which separates the transept from the part of the 
church (I can scarcely call it " choir ") now used for divine service. 
They also appear in the spandril above the north door leading into 
the Elder Lady Chapel, impaled with the arms of the abbey, which 
were identical with those of the present see of Bristol. (See my 
paper on "The Heraldry of Bristol Cathedral," printed in the 
Herald and Genealogist, and since published separately.) The 
arms thus impaled I always understood to be those of Abbot 
Somerset, who ruled the monastery from 1526-1530 (K & Q.," 
3 rd S. xi. 153). I do not think the one tincture which alone 
appears in Mr. Walcott's blazon is correct; for before the 
" restoration " the same arms were carved and painted on the doors 
leading from the south aisle to the choir by the side of the throne ; 
and these were thus blazoned : Az., a saltire arg., between a port- 
cullis in chief and three fleurs-de-lis, or, in flanks and base. There 
is about these arms so strong a Lancastrian, or Beaufort, savour, 
that I conjectured Abbot Somerset might have been of illegitimate 
Beaufort descent, but this I have not been able certainly to discover. 
The arms of the deanery may have been derived from those of 
Abbot Somerset. The impaled coat which I have described as 
appearing above the doorway which leads from the College Green 
into the Elder Lady Chapel, is a part of Abbot Somerset's own 
work, and is, therefore, of a date anterior to the dissolution of the 
monastery, and the foundation of the deanery. 

1219. EXTRACTS FROM PARISH EEGISTERS, No. IX. : THORNBURY 
AND OLVESTON. The following is the result of "a very hasty 
dipping " into some of the registers of these two parishes : 

THORNBURY. 

Baptisms. 

1613. April 6. Oriana Moore. M r Edward Tyndale, M ra 

Bridgett Curteys, &c., witnesses. 
1639. Sept. 24. M rs Dorothy Stafford. 
1661. Sept. 23. John, s. of John Stafford, Esq r . 

Marriages. 

1559. June 18. Jacobus and Catherine, being Egiptians. 

1564. July 27. William Alpibet and Alicia Search. 

1571. May 17. Robert Lambard, Gent., and Joanna Poole. 

1592. July 7. William Stumpe and Christian Harris. 

1637. Sept. 8. Edward Thurston, Gent., and Katherine Tayer. 

1670. Feb. 16. William Stafford, Esq r , and Ursula Moore. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 257 

Burials. 

1609. Sept. 4. Mary, Lady Stafford. 

1614. Sept. 25. M rs Cicely Wigsteed. 

1615. May 8. M r William Caple. 

1616. June 22. John Laurence, Gent. 
1634. April 16. M rs Elizabeth Raymond. 

July 4. William Stafford, Esq r . 

Aug. 8. Sir Richard Ashfield. 

Sept. 4. Ursula Stafford. 

Jan. 22. Ann Still. 

1636. May 3. M rs Johan Laurence, dec d . 

1637. Sept. 25. M rs Anne, wife to Capt n Stafford. 
1658. Dec. 31. M r Richard Welles. 

1688. Jan. 13. Anthony, s. of Anthony Kingscott. 
1702. July 8. Richard Stafford, Gent. 

OLVESTON.* 

Baptisms. 

1572. Aug. 4. Poyntz Parminter. 

1589. Mar. 7. Maurice, s. of John Baber. 

1605. Aug. 11. Matthew, s. of John Cutt, Gent., and 

Elizabeth. 

Marriages. 

1587. Nov. 23. John Baber and Mary Tovye. 

1604. July 18. William Fowler and Mary Baber. 

1606. Oct. 6. Maurice Mallett and Frances Parminter. 

1617. Dec. 31. John Fry, Gent., and Frances Mallett. 
1628. Oct. 30. John Lowle, Gent., and Grace Walsh. 

Burials. 

1561. Dec. 6. Anthony, s. of Maurice Welsh, Gent, [lord 

of the manor.] 
1567. Mar. 2. Nicholas Welsh, Gent. 

FREDERICK BROWN. 

1220. THE WATER BOUNDS OP BRISTOL. July, 1829. The 
city water bounds of Bristol not having been surveyed for nine 
years, the members of the Corporation, with their officers, and the 
masters and wardens of the Society of Merchants, and a large 
party of friends, last week embarked in the Palmerston steam 
packet, and proceeded down the river, for the purpose of inspecting 
their jurisdiction, which extends to the Steep and Flat Holmes. 
The company landed on the Flat Holme, and the members of the 
Corporation then proceeded to the light house, where they inspected 
their charters and a delineation of the boundaries. The mayor 
expressed himself highly satisfied with the good order and state of 

* See ante, No. 1205, for some extracts from the earliest baptismal register of this parish. ED. 



258 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the light house. Before the company left the island, the usual 
practice of lumping the colts took place against the rock. On 
returning to the packet, the weather became so unfavourable that 
it was with extreme difficulty the party reached the vessel. The 
vessel was cheered the whole of the way from Pill to the Basin by 
numerous spectators, who were saluted by salvoes from half a dozen 
brass swivels. j jj p 

1221. ENLARGEMENT OF CHRIST CHURCH, CLIFTON. After 
alterations and additions, which have made it internally an exceed- 
ingly handsome structure, and have falsified the fears of those who 
apprehended from the process a deterioration of its external 
lightness and symmetry, this church was re-opened on Thursday, 
July 2, 1885, with special services befitting the occasion. The 
sermon was preached by the bishop of the diocese. The internal 
arrangements previously consisted of the nave, chancel, two 
transepts, a gallery over the south transept, and an organ gallery 
over the entrance porch, the whole giving space for about 960 
worshippers. Extra accommodation for 340, the total being about 
1300, has now been provided by the additions and improvements, 
which had been suggested on more than one occasion, but only now 
are brought to a satisfactory issue. The additions mainly consist 
of two new aisles, of which that on the south side was finished 
and opened with special services in February last, and that to the 
north has just been completed; and they include a new organ 
gallery over the north transept, leaving the porch gallery to be 
appropriated for the accommodation of worshippers. Handsome 
arcades in the Early English style, consisting of clustered pillars, 
executed in Doulton and Forest of Dean stones, and richly-moulded 
arches, separating the nave from the aisles, take the place of the 
plainer walls which previously formed the boundaries of the nave, 
and at the same time of the whole church. The roofing over the 
aisles, which is of pitch pine, divided into panels with moulded 
beams and curved ribs, is in keeping with the general improvements. 
The old windows have been used in the construction of the new, 
but they have had mouldings added to the inside where formerly 
they were plain. The nave, having a broad, tile-paved central 
passage, and two narrower ones just outside of the arcades, is now 
furnished with a set of new pitch-pine seats, the old pews having 
been transferred to the aisles and transepts as the best arrangement 
under the circumstances, the desirable furnishing of the whole 
church with new seats being unattainable without an extra expense 
of 500, which the large outlay already incurred rendered it 
necessary to forego. The whole of the south side windows have 
been re-glazed; and a difficulty which is common to southern 
aspects from excessive sunlight in summer, has been effectually 
overcome by the cathedral glass used being lined with ground glass. 
The old organ has been so thoroughly reconstructed by Walker, of 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 259 

London, as to make it practically a new instrument, comprising the 
most modern improvements. The entire work cost .5,500, which 
amount has been raised in full, no debt remaining ; and those who 
attended the opening services were unanimous in their approval of 
the undertaking. One fortunate circumstance in connection with 
it is that there has not been any fatality or mishap. The 
design is that of Mr. W. Bassett Smith, architect, St. John Street, 
Adelphi, London, and the contract has been carried out by Mr. James 
Wilkins, Ashley Road, Bristol. CLIFTONIENSIS. 

1222. RANDOLPH AND ISHAM FAMILIES, OF VIRGINIA. (See 
No. 301.) Finding that this connection has been mentioned by an 
American correspondent, may I ask through you for further infor- 
mation ? I had known before that all the Randolphs of Virginia 
were descended from William Randolph, who married Mary, 
daughter of Henry and Catherine Isham, of Bermuda Hundred, 
Va., said to have been formerly of Northamptonshire, England. 
William Randolph, born in 1651 in Yorkshire, England, is also 
said to have been of Warwickshire. Which is correct ? What is 
the exact inscription on his tombstone 1 Is there any printed pedi- 
gree of the Randolphs ? Henry and Catherine Isham are said to 
have had an only son, Henry, who died without issue, leaving all 
his property to his mother, and his sisters, Anne Isham and Mary 
Randolph; will proved Feb., 1679. Can your correspondent give 
an abstract of this will 1 When did Henry Isham, the elder, die ? 
What was his age 1 And who was his wife ? Was he any relative 
of the ancestors of the Ishams of the Northern States ? I take so 
great an interest in the subject, that I should be glad to gain any 
information regarding either family, and to be enabled to complete 
my imperfect pedigree of the Randolphs. 

HENRY ISHAM LONGDEN. 
St. Michael and All Angels, Northampton. 

Mr. Longden will, no doubt, be glad to be referred to the History 
of Bristol Parish, Va., with Genealogies and Historical Illustrations, 
by the Rev. Philip Slaughter, D.D.. 2nd ed., Richmond, Va., 1879. 
In this interesting volume, pp. 212-222, there is a genealogy of 
the Randolph family, the author introducing it with these words : 
" We would desire to present an extended deduction of this most 
distinguished family, from its founder in Virginia (William, of 
Turkey Island), to the present generation, but this the limit of our 
book forbids. We must fain content ourselves with but a section 
[commencing with William Randolph, of Yorkshire, England, 
b. 1651 ; d. April 11, 1711] the data for which was principally 
gathered by that most brilliant and paradoxical representative of 
his race, John Randolph, of Roanoke." We may note that " Isham 
Randolph " occurs more than once ; and that mention is made of 
Brett Randolph, who m. in Gloucestershire, England (where he 



260 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

lived and died), Mary Scott, of London, and had issue. Of this 
Randolph genealogy Dr. Slaughter remarks, that it " exhibits some 
curious results, as in the case of Dr. Robert C. Randolph, of Hay- 
market, Clarke County, Ya. He is a lineal descendant, through his 
father, of Isham, of ' Dungenness,' 3d son, and also of Richard, of 
' Curies,' 4th son ; and though his mother, of Sir John, 5th son of 
"Wm., of ' Turkey Island.' His wife is also a direct descendant of 
Edward, the 7th son ; and their dau. Susan married Wm. Eston, 
great-grandson of Thomas, of 'Tuckahoe,' 2d son of Wm., of 
1 Turkey Island.' Thus their children unite the blood of the five 
sons of the founder of the family, who left issue." Thirty-three 
distinguished descendants of William Randolph are enumerated. 

EDITOR. 

1223. THE RODWAY FAMILY, OF RODBOROUGH. (Replies to 
No. 1173.) As mentioned ante, No. 78, a flatstone inscription in 
Rodborough Church in memory of Anna Rodway (d. Feb. 9, 1740) 
and Samuel Rodway (d. March 9, 1742), like others which were in 
the same building, has disappeared. 

Though apparently not exactly of Rodborough, the following 
inscription on a monument in the neighbouring church of Avening, 
as recorded by Bigland (1791), vol. i., p. 95, may be acceptable : 
"In memory of Rebecca, wife of Samuel Rodway, | who died 
August the 8 th , 1738, | setatis 46. | Also of John, their son, | who 
died August 5, 1737, | aged 24. In memory also | of the afore- 
said Samuel Rodway, | who died August 1, 1757, | aged 64 years. 
Also in memory of Charles, son | of the above Samuel and 
Rebecca Rodway, who died I April 25, 1761, aged 41." 

In Fisher's Notes and Recollections of Stroud (1871), p. 248, 
mention is made of a small estate called Rodway (Roadway), in 
the parish of Randwick, near Stroud. ABHBA 

The will of John Rodwey, of North Cerney, is in the Probate 
Office at Worcester. No date is given. He' says, " I. bequeth 
my soole to almyghty gode & to the rn'cy of hys passyene. & my 
body to be beryyde yn the church yarde of northe s'ney" To 
servant Thomas Curteys "viij scheppe." .Wife Agnes and sons 
Robert and Thomas to be executors. She to have " halfe of eu'y 
thynge," and the two sons the other half of the goods. The will 
to be "fulfyllyde to the plesur of gode & the welth of my soule." 
Witnessed by William Tryndor, John Moyse the elder, John Grene, 
John Viner, Richard Reddynge, Robert Rodway, Thomas Rodway, 
John Rodway, William Pynchyn, " w* other." Proved at 
Cirencester, 6 May, 1539. 

The following appears to be the earliest Rodway will in the 
Probate Office at Gloucester : 

1557 (1556 ?). Feb. 14. John Rodway, of Cherington, in the 
diocese of Gloucester. To be buried in the churchyard there. To 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 261 

my six children, " whether it be oxe chalff (sic) other cowe calff 
eu'y of them a beste a pece of the yeres & age of iiij yeres old & 
to vantage," also two sheep apiece, at the age of fourteen. John 
Cole to have the house that " my vnkell " Thomas Rodway dwelleth 
in, after the decease of Thomas and Margery his wife, for which 
house " and bryge medow " the said John Cole must pay to John 
Kodwaye, his heirs, executors, and assigns, viij 11 , of which sum " I. 
confesse to have Receyuyd v 11 ;" the remaining iij u to go "to my 
Sonne & heire," but to be in his mother's hands until he be xxj 
years of age. John Cole to have his indentures sealed by my 
executrix and " my sonne & heire." The money for Robert and 
Thomas Carll is paid. To my daughter Alis " a pott & a panne." 
Legacies to daughters Anne and Denys. "Wife Alis to be sole 
executrix. Thomas Rodway "my vnkell" and Thomas Rodway 
"my broy r " to be supervisors. Witnessed by Sir Peter Abraham, 
John Lydiat, Richard Hacker, William Mu'den, "w th oy r mo." 
Thomas Rodway, my brother, owes five nobles. Thomas Eenet, 
xx 8 . Testator owes money to John Cobburley, to Robert 
Starborow (?), to father-in-law, to the parson of Cherington, to 
Richard Webbe of Hampton, to John Byddyll, to William Mu'den, 
to Thomas Tottye, to John Goddy, to Simon Bircher. Will proved 
17 Nov., 1557. THOMAS P. WADLEY, M.A. 

Naunton Rectory, Pershore. 

1224. A GLOUCESTERSHIRE DISCOVERY OF THE SEVENTEENTH 
CENTURY. I shall be glad to know to what occurrence (and where 
it was) reference is made in the following extract from a letter 
(dated August 21, 1669, and addressed by Mr. Thomas Henshaw 
to Sir Robert Paston, Bart., at Oxnead) which is in the collection 
of Sir Henry Day Ingilby, Bart. (Sixth Report on Historical MSS. t 
p. 367) : 

"On Sunday I heard the Duke [of Monmouth], after he had 
related to us the story of Candie, sent by Madame, his sister, that 
a workman in a quarry of stone in Glostershire, not far from the 
Severn, going to raise a great stone (he had loosened) on one end, 
it sunk away downward from him, and had almost carried the 
fellow along with it, leaving a great hole, which, they trying to 
fathom, found it 60 fathom ere the plummet reached the bottom ; 
the news of this being sent to the King, one here at London 
undertook to go down and give an account of it. When he was 
below he found great vast caverns and a great river 20 fathoms over 
and eight deep into a lesser cavity where he judged there might be 
some rake [track ?] of a mine ; he sent in a miner with a light who 
was not got far, but he cried they were all made, for he had found 
what they sought for ; but when he had gone a little farther he 
come thundring back again ready to break his neck, saying he had 
met with a spirit that so frighted him, he would not venture in 
again for the world." C T D 



262 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Sir Robert Southwell's paper in the second volume of the 
abridgment of the Philosophical Transactions, 1682-3, will be 
found, I think, the best reply : 

There is a place in Gloucestershire called Pen-park, about three 
miles from Bristol, and above three from the Severn, where some 
miners for lead discovering a large hole in the earth, one Captain 
Sturmy,* a warm inquisitive seaman, who has written a large folio 
on navigation, would needs descend into it, and his narrative was 
as follows : 

"On the 2 d of July, 1669, I descended by ropes affixed at the 
top of an old lead-ore pit, four fathoms almost perpendicular, and 
from thence three fathoms more obliquely, between two great rocks, 
where I found the mouth of this spacious place, from which a 
miner and myself lowered ourselves by ropes, twenty-five fathoms 
perpendicular, into a very large place, which resembled to us the 
form of a horse-shoe ; for we stuck lighted candles all the way we 
went, to discover what we could find remarkable. At length we 
came to a river or great water, which I found to be twenty fathoms 
broad, and eight deep. The miner would have persuaded me that 
this river ebbed and flowed, for that some ten fathoms above the 
place where we now were, we found the water had sometimes been ; 
but I proved the contrary, by staying there from three hours flood 
to two hours ebb, in which time we found no alteration of this 
river. Besides its waters were fresh, sweet, and cool, and the 
surface of this water as it is now at eight fathoms deep, lies lower 
than the bottom of any part of the Severn sea near us, so that it 
can have no communication with it, and consequently neither flux 
nor reflux, but in winter and summer, as all stagnant lakes and 
sloughs (which I take this to be) have. As we were walking by 
this river, thirty-two fathoms under ground, we discovered a great 
hollowness in a rock, some thirty feet above us, so that I got a 
ladder down to us, and the miner went up the ladder to that place, 
and walked into it about seventy paces, till he had just lost sight 
of me, and from thence cheerfully called to me, and told me he had 
found what he looked for, a rich mine ; but his joy was presently 
changed into amazement, and he returned affrighted by the sight of 
an evil spirit, which we cannot persuade him but he saw, and for 
that reason he will go thither no more. 

" Here are abundance of strange places, the flooring being a kind 
of a white stone, enamelled with lead-ore, and the pendant rocks 
were glazed with saltpetre, which distilled upon them from above, 
and time had petrified. 

" After some hours stay there we ascended without much hurt, 
except scratching ourselves by climbing the steep rocks. But for 
four days after my return I was troubled with a violent head-ach, 
which I impute to my being in that vault." 

* For " Captain Samuel Sturmey's Bequest," see ante, No. 1081. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 263 

Captain Sturmy falling from his head-ach into a fever, and dying, 
what from his death, and the opinion of an evil spirit, nobody was 
willing to have any more to do with the said hole from that time 
to this. 

But Captain Collins, commander of the Merlin yacht, who is by 
his Majesty appointed to take a survey of the coast of England, 
coming to the Severn for that purpose, and visiting Sir Robert 
Southwell, near Kingroad, Sir Robert told him how the story of 
this hole had amused the country; and that the narrative had 
formerly been sent to his Majesty and the Royal Society ; and that 
there wanted only some courage to find out the bottom of it. The 
captain resolved to adventure, and on the 18 th and 19 th of 
September, 1682, he took several of his men, with ropes and 
tackling fitting to descend, with lines to measure any length or 
depth, also with candles, torches, and a speaking-trumpet. What 
he found does much lessen the credit and terror of this hole, as will 
appear by the figure he took thereof, and the description following : 

" It is down the tunnel from the superficies to the opening of 
the cavity below thirty-nine yards. Then the hole spreading into 
an irregular oblong figure, is in the greatest length seventy-five 
yards, and in the greatest breadth forty-one yards ; from the highest 
part of the roof to the water was then nineteen yards j the water 
was now in a pool, at the north end, being the deepest part, it was 
in length twenty-seven yards, in breadth twelve, and only five 
yards and a half deep ; two rocks appeared above the water all 
covered with mud, but the water sweet and good ; there was a large 
circle of mud round the pool, and far up towards the south end, 
which showed that the water has at other times been six yards 
higher than at present. 

" The tunnel or passage down was somewhat oblique, very ragged 
and rocky ; in some places it was two yards wide, and in some 
three or four, but nothing observable therein, save here and there 
some of that spar which usually attends the mines of lead-ore. In 
the way, thirty yards down, there runs in, southward, a passage of 
twenty-nine yards in lenth, parallel to the superficies above ; it was 
two and three yards high, and commonly as broad, and alike rocky 
as the tunnel, with some appearances of spar, but nothing else in 
it except a few bats. 

" The cavity below was in like manner rocky, and very irregular 
the candles and torches burnt clear, so as to discover the whole 
extent thereof ; nor was the air anything offensive. The three men 
that went down the first day staid below two hours and a half. 
The next day the captain went down with seven or eight men, who 
staid below for an hour, and observed all things. 

" The bottom of this hole, where the land-waters gather, is forty- 
nine yards down from the superficies of the earth, and by good 
calculation the same bottom is twenty yards above the highest 
rising of the Severn, and lies into the land about three miles distant 
from it." 



264 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The curious reader is referred for anything further he may wish 
to know about the place, to George Symes Catcott's Descriptive 
Account of a Descent made into Penpark-Hole, in the Parish of 
Westbury-upon-Trim, 1775, etc., Bristol, 1792. G. A. W. 



. INSCRIPTION OVER THE DOOR OF HEMPSTED RECTORY. 
In Notes and Queries (6 th S. xii. 263), in a communication headed 
" Mottoes and Inscriptions on Houses and other Buildings," Miss 
Busk has written : " Over the door of Hempsted Rectory, 
Gloucestershire, is 

* Whoe'er shall pass within this door, 
Thank God for Viscount Scudamore.' 

This is supposed by some to have been altered from ' Pray for the 
soul of Scudamore ; ' others say that the present are the original 
letters, and of the date of about 1660, when English people did 
not pray for souls." 

Allow me to say that the inscription in question is in no way 
whatsoever connected with praying " for the soul of Scudamore." 
Rudder is a very trustworthy authority, and in his Gloucestershire 
(1779), p. 490, he gives a plain and satisfactory explanation. John, 
Lord Scudamore, in the year 1662, settled on the minister of 
Hempsted, which was formerly a chapelry attached to St. Owen's 
in Gloucester, the vicarage house, garden, and orchard, the parsonage 
close and barn, and a parcel of meadow ground in Hempsted-moor, 
with his tithes, etc., in Hempsted, which he had purchased of 
Henry Powle, Esq., of Williamstrip, in the same county, as appears 
by a conveyance dated 17 January, 13 Chas. II. To the above he 
added the churchyard of Lanthony, and all his tithes there. These 
particulars were settled by an act of Parliament. He likewise built 
the present rectory house, at an expense of 700, over the door of 
which has been inscribed, in gilt letters, 

" Whoe'er doth dwell within this door, 
Thank God for Viscount Scudamore." 

ABHBA. 

1226. RELTON'S " SKETCHES OP CHURCHES : " GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 
- Mr. H. E. Relton, of Tetbury, published by subscription a 4to 
volume, entitled Sketches of Churches, with Short Descriptions, 
London, 1843 ; and as several Gloucestershire churches have been 
included, it may be well to give a list : 

1. South view of exterior of Beckford Church, and Boxwell 
Church Font, in frontispiece. 

2. Porch door of Beckford Church. 

3. Exterior of Beverstone Church, south side. 

4. Porch door of Beverstone Church. 

5. Exterior of Boxwell Church, south side. 

6. Exterior of same, north east view. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 265 

7. Exterior of Coates Church, south-east view. 

8. Exterior of Horton Church, south-west view. 

9. Interior of the Porch of Kemerton Church. 

10. Exterior of Minchinhampton Church, south side of the 
former Church. 

11. Ozleworth Church, south-west view. 

12. Interior of same, looking to the east. 

13. Exterior of Shipton Moyne Church, south-east view. 

14. Exterior of Stone Church, south side. 

15. Exterior of Tort worth Church, south-east view. 

There is a view of the exterior of Kemble Church from the south 
east, with one of the porch, this church being in the diocese, but not 
in Gloucestershire. All the sketches in the volume were " drawn on 
the spot and on zinc" by Mr. Kelton. BIBLIOGRAPHER. 

1227. SAXON INVASION OF THE SEVERN VALLEY. The late 
Mr. J. K. Green, in his work entitled The Making of England 
(1881), pp. 125-130, has some interesting passages on what he calls 
the "Attack on Severn Valley" by the West Saxons, A.D. 577. 
After showing that these invaders had reached from the south coast 
to the verge of Mid-Britain, and spread themselves over " an area 
which roughly corresponds to that of the shires of Oxford, Bedford, 
and Bucks," he proceeds to describe the sudden wheel which they 
then made to the west, in these terms : 

Directly westward, indeed, they were still not as yet to press ; 
for the woods of Dorsetshire baffled them, and those of the Erome 
valley long proved a protection to the Britons of Somerset. Nor, 
for reasons we are less able to discover, did they push up the oolitic 
slopes from our Oxfordshire to the brow of the Cotswolds, where 
the town of Corinium challenged their arms. It may have been 
that the tangled streams, the woodlands, and the pass over the 
Thames at Lechlade, which protected this district, were still held too 
strongly by the forces of the city. But on their north-western 
border, in the interval between these lines of attack, lay a third 
line which was guarded by no such barriers, the line of the lower 
Severn valley, and it was on this tract that the West-Sexe poured 
from the Wiltshire downs in 577. The country was richer than any 
they had as yet traversed. Nowhere do the remains of both private 
and public buildings show greater wealth and refinement than at 
Corinium, the chief town of the Cotswolds, which stood on the 
site of our Cirencester, and which was surpassed in wealth and 
importance among its fellow towns only by York, London, and 
Colchester. Below the Cotswolds, in the valley of the Severn, 
Glevum, the predecessor of our Gloucester, though smaller in size, 
was equally important from its position at the head of the estuary, 
and from its neighbourhood to the iron works of the Forest of Dean. 
Less than these in extent, but conspicuous from the grandeur of its 
public buildings, Bath was then, as in later times, the fashionable 

VOL. III. T 



266 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

resort of the gouty provincial. Its hot springs were covered by a 
colonnade which lasted down to almost recent times ; and its local 
deity, Sul, may still have found worshippers in the lordly temple 
whose fragments are found among its ruins. The territory of the 
three towns shows their power, for it comprised the whole district 
of the Cotswolds and the lower Severn, with a large part of what 
is now northern Somersetshire. It stretched therefore from Mendip 
on the south as far northwards as the forest which then covered 
almost the whole of Worcestershire. This fertile district was 
thickly set with the country houses and estates of the wealthier 
provincials, On either side of a road that runs through the heart 
of it, from Cirencester to Aust-passage over the Severn, as well as 
along the roads which linked the three cities together, these mansions 
stood thickly ; and that of Wpodchester is perhaps the largest and 
most magnificent whose remains have as yet been found in Great 
Britain. Two courts, round which ran the farm buildings and 
domestic buildings of the house, covered an area five hundred feet 
deep and three hundred broad. Every colonnade and passage had 
its tesselated pavement ; marble statues stood out from the gaily 
painted walls ; while pictures of Orpheus and Pan gleamed from 
$mid the fanciful scrollwork and fretwork of its mosaic floors. 

It was from houses such as these, and from the three cities to 
which they clung, that the army gathered which met the West- 
Saxons under Ceawlin as they pushed over the Cotswolds into the 
valley of the Severn. But the old municipal independence seems 
to have been passing away. The record of the battle in the 
chronicle of the conquerors connects the three cities with three 
kings; and from the Celtic names of these kings, Conmael, 
Condidan or Kyndylan, and Farinmael, we may infer that the 
Roman town party, whieh had once been strong enough to raise 
Aurelius to the throne of Britain, was now driven to bow to the 
supremacy of native chieftains. It was the forces of these kings 
that met Ceawlin at Deorharn [our Dyrham], a village which lies 
northward of Bath on a chain of hills overlooking the Severn 
valley, and whose defeat threw open the country of the three towns 
to the West-Saxon arms. Through the three years that followed 
the invaders must have been spreading over the district which this 
victory made their own. Westward, if Welsh legend is to be 
trusted, their forays reached across the Severn as far as the Wye. 
To the south they seem to have pushed across the Avon past the 
site of the future Bristol, and over the limestone mass of Mendip, 
whence they drove off in flight the lead-miners who have left their 
cinder-heaps along its crest, till they were checked in their progress 
by the marshes of Glastonbury. In the south-west they were 
unable to dislodge the Britons from the forest of Braden, the wood- 
land that filled the Frome valley ; and this wedge of unconquered 
ground ran up for the next hundred years into the heart of their 
territory. But in the rich tract along the lower Severn, which the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 267 

site of their victory overlooked, their settlements lay thick. Here, 
in the present Gloucestershire and Worcestershire, the settlers bore 
the name of the Hwiccas, a name which took a yet wider range 
as from the valley of the Severn the invaders spread over the 
upland of the Cotswolds to settle round the fallen Corinium, and 
found homes along the southern skirts of the forest of Arden. 

1228. CHIPPING CAMPDBN : INVENTORY OF CHURCH GOODS, 
1627. In the churchwardens' accounts for the parish of Chipping 
Campden there is entered each year an inventory of church goods. 
The first entry of the kind is as follows : 

" The Church Goods received at the hands of the old Church- 
wardens by the new elected churchwardens for this next year to 
come An dm 1627, Aprill 27. 

Two gilt comunion bolles w th their covers. 

One silver comunion bole with his cover. 

Two pewter flagons. 

Two great Bibles. 

Three comunion books. 

One new commo [prayer] book. 

Two surplisses. 

One crimson pulpet cloth. 

Three lynnen Towells. 

Six napkins. 

Two lynnen table clothes. 

Nyne silk cushons. 

ffive silk board clothes. 

Two chestes. 

Two regester books. 

The book of the cannons. 

Two pewter plates. 

Three books of prayers. 

One houre glasse. 

One great paper book for accounts. 

Three and twenty pounds of belmettel]. 

(Signed) t 

William Broadway, 
William Hurleston, 
William Hiron, 
John Fletcher." 

The " two gilt comunion bolles " were presented to the church by 
Sir Baptist Hickes, afterwards [cr. May 5, 1628] Viscount Campden. 
In the churchwardens' accounts for 1626 is the following item : 
" P d for three couple of chickens w h we sent to S r Baptist 
Hickes when he gave us the two boules 2 s 3 d ." 

These are the chalices still in use at Campden Church. 

The "one silver comunion bole with his cover," mentioned 
second on the list of church goods, was disposed of when Sir 



268 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Baptist Hickes' present arrived. There is an entry in the margin 
opposite to it, " This was changed into a silver and gilt plate this 
year 1627." g. E. BARTLEET. 

Brockworth Vicarage, Gloucester. 

1229. PITCHCOMBE EEGISTER OP MARRIAGES, 1709-42. 
According to the Parish Register Abstract, which was " ordered, by 
the House of Commons, to be printed, 2 April, 1833," the registers 
of Pitchcombe (see ante, p. 110) date from the year 1743 : the infor- 
mation furnished was correct as regards the books which were then 
forthcoming ; but an earlier volume has been since discovered and 
replaced in the parish chest.* From it the following list of 
Marriages is taken. It is a complete list for the years given, but 
some years are evidently omitted in the original : in fact, there is 
no record whatever for 1730-1-2. The volume contains likewise 
Baptisms and Burials from 1709 to 1743. j MELLAND HALL. 

Harescombe Rectory, Stroud. 

Marriages. 

1709. Feb. 13. M r Nicholas Taylor and M rs Sarah Went, of 

Stroud. 

April 25. Richard Viner and Mary Jones. 

1710. Mar. 5. William Shearman and Eliza Philips, of 

Rodborough. 

1711. June 12. Thomas Gardner and Mary Beard, of Peaken- 

hill. 

June 23. Joseph Hogg and Deborah White. 

1712. April 21. William Jones, of Pitchcombe, and Mary 

Browning, of Stroud. 

June 1. Samuel Hogg, of Stroud, and Sarah Carpenter. 

1713. Jan. 18. Samuel Lewis and Eliza Cook, of Pains wick. 

* We are glad to take this opportunity of repeating our request that we may receive for 
insertion particulars of the loss or the recovery of registers, as in the case above mentioned, 
and any needful corrections and additions. The long list of registers printed in this volume, 
pp. 98-116, was not submitted as one in all respects complete and correct, but as the best that 
was available ; and this invitation to assist in improving it was prefixed : " It is not main- 
tained that the figures therein are in every instance strictly correct ; but nevertheless, the list 
is a very useful one, and the best we have ; and with a view to improve it, corrections and 
additions, which will be turned to good account, are hereby invited. A few changes have 
probably taken place since 1833, by the recovery or the loss of some of the old registers. 
Those of our readers who have the charge of registers, will be induced, we hope, not only to 
notify (for insertion at another time) any errors or omissions they may happen to detect, but 
also to furnish particulars, on the same plan, of registers of more recent date," i.e., subse- 
quent to the year 1812. The restoration of the earliest Clifton register in 1828 has been 
mentioned in vol. ii., p. 145 ; and the good example set by Mr. Skelton, of Oxford, is one that 
might probably be followed by others. The earliest Maisemore register, according to the 
Parish Register Abstract, dates from 1600, and yet we have before us, from the books now at 
Maisemore, a transcript of burials from 1538 to 1638, and (not yet completed) of marriages 
from 1557. And to give only one more case, as stated in the Bristol and Gloucestershire 
Archceological Society's Transactions, 1883-84, vol. ix., p. 79, with reference to St. Briavel's, 

the earlier registers have been lost ; but Sir John Maclean found in the Bishop's Registry at 
Gloucester transcripts dating back to 1618." The clergy can, with very little trouble to them- 
selves, do much in the matter, and their contributions will be gladly received. We are aware 
f what has been lately done by the committee "on the custody of Parish Registers, Church 
g t E ernera of Property," appointed by the Gloucester and Bristol Diocesan 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 269 

1713. Nov. 15. William Gardner and Martha Cook, by License. 

Dec. 21. Thomas Clarke and Mary Smith, of Painswick, 

by License. 

1714. Mar. 30. Richard Taylor, of Stroud, and Emma Beard, 

of Pitchcombe, by Banns. 

Aug. 30. Henry Smith and Edith White, by Banns. 

1715. May 19. John Gardner and Sarah Viner, by License. 

Oct. 16. Leonard Carpenter, " sojourner at Pitch- 

combe," and Elizabeth Taylor, of Stroud, 
by Banns. 

1716. Feb. 2. John Harris, of Moreton Valence, and Eliza- 

beth King, of Painswick, by License. 

Feb. 2. George Jones and Judith White, by Banns. 

July 5. Matthew Stockwell, of Cirencester, and Jane 

Clissold, of Pitchcombe, by Banns. 

1717. June 2. Miles Huntley, of Harescombe, and Abigail 

Chadwell, of y e Parish of Stroud, by 
License. 

1718. Jan. 6.. Daniel Jones, of Painswick, and Sarah 

Packer, by License. 

Oct. 4. Edward Jones and Mary Butt. 

1719. Jan. 18. William Sparrow and Eliza Gaile. 

Sept. 13. Daniel Gale, of Leonard Stanley, and Mary 

Smith, of Pitchcombe. 

1720. May 26. Richard Cooke, of Painswick, and M rs 

Elizabeth Michell, of y e Farm, married by 
License. 

June 7. Jasper Clutterbuck, of Kings Stanley, and 

Elizabeth Cole. 

1721. Mar. 6. Eichard Watkins and Sarah White, both of 

y e Parish of Standish, by License. 

Aug. 13. Thomas Clissold, of Pitchcombe, and Mary 

Pritchett, of Uske, in Monmouthshire, by 
License. 

1722. April 4. M r John Bond, of Stroud, and M rs Sarah 

Packer, of Pitchcombe, by License. 

1723. Feb. 16. Charles Chew, of Stroud Parish, and Eliza^ 

beth Budding were married at Harescombe, 
by Banns. 

June 24. Michael Chew and Elizabeth Hogg. 

1726. Jan. 28. Giles Pitt, of Stroud, and Anne Jones, of 
Pitchcombe, were married, after Banns, at 
Harescombe. 

1728. Nov. 11. Daniel Jones and Eliza Summers. 

Dec. 9. William Knight and Hester Vick. 

1729. Feb. 2. Henry Terrett and Eliza Jenner. 

April 12. William Morgan and Mary Banks. 

July 24. John Aldridge and Sarah Little. 



270 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1729. Aug. 17. Samuel Beard and Sarah Peters. 

1730. Jan. 1. Samuel Collier and Mary Gopner. 

Jan. 6. Thomas Wilkins and Eliza Harris. 

1733. April 9. Richard Frankus and Sarah Bruges. 

May 15. Samuel Tanner and Ann Little. 

June 18. William Butcher and Edith Bagster. 

July 2. John Leech and Dorcas Harris. 
Aug. 20. Thomas Hall and Ann Coall. 

Nov. 6. Daniel Foarts and Mary Usell. 

1734. Jan. 8. William Morgan and Sarah . 

Mar. 14. Joseph Dowdell and Elizabeth Buckingham. 

April 28. James Daniels and Elizabeth Laud. 
June 9. John Terret and Ann Dyer. 

1735. Jan. 1. Thomas Pitt and Sarah Budding. 

Jan. 10. John Tyler and Sarah Bassett. 

Feb. 19. John Partridge and Ann Moss. 

Feb. 25. John Fryer and Ursula Merrett. 

April 7. Thomas Woodley and Mary Gyde. 
May 30. John Allen and Martha Bennett. 

July 1. William Ockford and Elizabeth Yiner. 

Sept. 30. Samuel Collier and Ann Higgs. 

1736. Jan. 14. John Nichols and Hester Barter. 

Feb. 3. John Birch and Deborah Jones. 

Mar. 8. Henry Viner and Elizabeth Beard. 

July 17. John Taylor and Elizabeth Hamlett. 

Sept. 14. Edward Hogg and Joan Mill. 

Oct. 24. Abraham Hayward and Deborah Gregory. 
Nov. 13. Peter Hogg and Sarah Wood. 

Dec. 13. Richard Beard and Mary West. 

Dec. 23. John Dangerfield and Esther Budding. 

1737. Jan. 7. John Osborne and Mary Branford. 

Feb. 19. John Caudwell and Mary Mason. 
Feb. 20. Solomon Estcourt and Mary Hogg. 

Feb. 22. Thomas Rawlins and Mary King. 

Mar. 4. John Barnett and Mary Hill. 

July 21. Edward Gardner and Abigail Huntley. 
July 28. John Bidell and Jane Sterry. 

Sept. 10. Thomas Pay ton and Mary Hollyday. 

Oct. 10. William Cooke and Ann Mason. 

Dec. 18. Edward Mill and Hester Williams. 

1738. Feb. 9. Francis Avilon and Elizabeth Abell. 
Mar. 16. William Beard and Sarah Bennett. 

May 9. Henry Spring and Elizabeth Harris. 
May 25. John Parry and Jeavel Essex. 
June 4. William Window and Ann Viner. 
June 8. John Bagster and Elizabeth Budding. 

Aug. 25. John Viner and Hannah Hogg. 

Sept. 12. Charles Hill and Esther Usell. . 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 27 1' 

1738. Nov. 27. William Watkins and Hannah Harmer. 

Nov. 27. Samuel Summers and Jane Harmer. 

1739. Jan. 18. Samuel Gardner and Ann Gardner. 

Feb. 25. William Pitt and Mary Gardner. 

July 29. Henry Dowell and Sarah Hogg. 

Aug. 26. Morris G and Hester . 

Oct. 7'. Kichard Fryer and Mary Beale. 

1740. Oct. 6. William Rowles and Henrietta Hodges, both 

of the Parish of Longney, married by 
License. 

Oct. 6. William Bates, of the Parish of Woodchester,' 

and Mary Jeaks, of the Parish of Payns- 
wick, married by Banns. 

1741. Mar. 29. Stephen Scott and Magdalen Rider. 

April 13. Samuel Cook and Hannah Ady. 

Nov. 5. Daniel Packer and Sarah Palling. 

1742. Feb. 5. Elias HoweH and Christian Jones. 

Sept. 13. William Jones and Mary Budding. 

Dec. 5. Thomas Watts, of the Parish of Brockthrop, 

and Mary Harris, of the Parish of Hares- 
combe, married. 

1230. THE PARISH CHURCH OF EASTINGTON. A circular, 
containing the following particulars, and dated March, 1885, has 
been issued by the Church Restoration Committee : 

The fine old church of Eastington, dedicated, according to Atkyns 
and other historians of the county, to St. Michael, was built, as its 
architecture shows, in the 14th century, the only relic of an earlier 
period being the font, which is Norman. The church consists of 
a nave and south aisle, with an embattled tower at the west end, 
and is said to have been formerly much decorated. A handsome 
oak ceiling, with ornamented rosettes at the intersection of the 
ribs, still remains. In the tower is a priest's chamber, leading to 
the supposition that the ministerial wants of the parish were at 
one time supplied from some neighbouring monastery. 

^Fosbrooke, in his History of the County of Gloucester (1807), 
gives the following account of some of the interesting features of 
this church : " The East window of the N.. isle of the church is 
the finest specimen, within my knowledge, of the filligraine work 
and mixture of things anomalous which marked the corrupted 
gothic of H. VIII. The Stafford knot is on the spandrils of the 
chancel door. There are also two fine prostrate sepulchral effigies 
of the Stephens family, with their faces to the east, though some 
time after the reformation. In the windows is or was a figure of 
Benedict with his tub, which he miraculously filled with oil" 
(i. 323). The niche in which the sanctus bell was suspended may 
still be seen at the east end of the nave. In the spandrils of the 
south door are the initials " S.B." for Stafford and Buckingham, 



272 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

with a ducal coronet between them. The same letters, according 
to Fosbrooke, frequently occurred in stained glass, and the arms of 
the earls of Gloucester. There are two well preserved monumental 
brasses in the church. 

The manor of Eastington, Easington, Estinton, or Estenstead, as 
variously written, was originally assigned to Winebald de Balon, or 
Baladon, a Norman knight, who came to England with William the 
Conqueror. By marriage it passed in 1319 to Hugh de Audley, 
and about 50 years later by dower to Ealph, Lord Stafford, the 
representative of which family was, in the reign of Henry VI., 
created Duke of Buckingham. The south aisle of the church is 
stated to have been built by the unfortunate Edward Stafford, the 
last Duke of Buckingham, who, in consequence of some provocation 
offered to King Henry VIII., was attainted and beheaded. The 
rights of the manor and patronage of the living afterwards passed 
from the Staffords to the family of Stephens, who built in 1578 a 
magnificent stone house near the church, which was taken down in 
1778. Nathaniel Stephens, who owned the manor of Eastington 
in the reign of Charles I., espoused the cause of the Protector, 
Oliver Cromwell, and Eastington was, in the civil war, a garrison 
of the Parliament soldiers. Marks are still shown on the tower of 
the church, which tradition asserts to have been caused by the 
bullets of the Roundheads. The political tendencies of the parish 
at this period are indicated by the following extract from the 
churchwardens' accounts : 

" 1649. Laid out to Daniell Wilkins for Washinge out the 
Late Kings Armes, and Lime to doe it ... i 8 iij d ." 

While its return to royal allegiance is marked by the following : 
" 1661. ffor setting up of the Kings Armes ... 2 10s. Od." 

The church has undergone various alterations from time to time, 
the last considerable restoration being in 1851. at the cost of the 
late Charles Hooper, Esq., of Eastington, when the nave was 
lengthened at its east end, and a new chancel arch built. Other 
repairs have been from time to time carried out by the parishioners, 
and by the patron and late rector, the Eev. Thomas Peters, who 
restored the stone work of the windows, and gave the principal 
stained glass windows in the church. 

It is now (1885) proposed to remove the organ gallery, which at 
present blocks up the west window ; to build a portion of the north 
aisle to correspond with the south aisle ; to remove the present high 
pews, pulpit, reading desk, &c., and to re-seat the church through- 
out, placing the choir at the east end of the nave on a raised 
platform, surrounded by a screen of open stone work, where there is 
no doubt the chancel formerly extended. It is estimated that these 
and other important improvements, such as the complete restoration 
of decayed stonework, the repair and repanelling, where it has been 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 273 

removed, of the ceiling, and the covering the whole area of the 
church with concrete, will cost, including incidental expenses, about 
1, 600. The resident landowners and parishioners have given 
liberally to the work, but a considerable sum remains to be provided, 
and it is hoped that other friends and neighbours will kindly help 
in making this venerable church worthy of the historic and archi- 
tectural interest which attaches to it. The committee appointed by 
vestry to carry out the work of restoration, have adopted the report 
and suggestions of Mr. Frederick S. Waller, architect, of Gloucester. 

1231. AN OLD POEM ON THE FAIRFORD CHURCH WINDOWS. The 
following is printed in the Topographer, vol. ii. (for 1790), p. 112, 
from an old document in the British Museum (Misc. MSS. Poems, 
Bib. Sloane, 1446). The poem is signed "R C. ;" but I am not 
aware of any other indication of its authorship.* As the book 
from which I copy is rare, and seldom to be met with, you may think 
the lines worthy of a page in your Notes and Queries. 

Brockworth Vicarage, Gloucester. S - E - BARTLEET. 

FAIREFORD WINDOWS, GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

I knowe no painte of poetry 

Can mend such colour'd imag'ry 

In sullen inke ; yet (Fayref ord) I 

May rellish thy fair memory. 

Such is the echoe's fainter sound, 

Such is the light when the sun's drown'd ; 

So did the fancy look upon 

The work before it was begun. 

Yet when those showes are out of sight, 

My weaker colours may delight. 

Those images doe faithfullie 

Report true feature to the eie. 

As you may think each picture was 

Some visage in a looking glass ; 

Not a glass window face, unless 

Such as Cheapside hath, where a press 

Of painted gallants looking out 

Bedeck the casement rounde about. 

But these have holy Phisnomy ; 

Each paine instructs the laity 

With silent eloquence ; for heere 

Devotion leades the eie, not eare, 

To note the catechisinge paint, 

Whose easie phrase doth soe acquainte 

Our sense with Gospell, that the Creede 

* "The initials of 'R. C.' at the bottom of the Poem are probably [those of] Rich. Corbet, 
Bp. of Norwich." (Topographer, vol. ii., p. 182.) As Anthony a Wood states in his Athence 
Oxontemes, it ia ascribed in some MSS. to William Strode. ED. 



274 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

In such an hand the weake may reade. 

Such tipes e'en yett of vertue bee, 

And Christ as in a glass we see, 

When with a fishinge rod the Clarke 

S* Peter's draught of fish doth rnarke, 

Such is the scale, the eie, the finn, 

You'd thinke they strive and leape within ; 

But if the nett, which holdes them, brake, 

Hee with his angle some would take. 

But would you walke a turn in Paules, 

Looke up, one little pane inrouls 

A fairer temple. Flinge a stone, 

The church is out at the windowe flowne.. 

Consider not, but aske your eies, 

And ghosts at mid-day seem to rise ; 

The saintes there seemeing to descend 

Are past the glass and downwards bend. 

Look there, the Devill all would cry, 

Did they not see that Christ was by. 

See where he suffers for thee ; see 

His body taken from the tree I 

Had ever death such life before f 

The limber corps, be-sully'd o'er 

With meagre paleness, does display 

A middle state 'twixt flesh and clay. 

His armes and leggs, his head and crowne, , 

Like a true lambskin dangle downe ! 

Whoe can forbeare, the grave being nigh, 

To bringe fresh ointment in his eye ? 

The wond'rous art hath equal! fate, 

Unfixt and yett inviolate. 

The puritans were sure deceav'd, 

Whoe thought those shaddowes mov'd anotheav'd; 

So held from stoninge Christ ; the winde 

And boysterous tempests were so kinde, 

As on his image not to prey, 

Whome both the winde and seas obey. 

At Momus wish bee not amaz'd, 

For if each Christians heart were glaz'd 

With such a windowe, then each brest 

Might bee his owne Evangelist. R Q 

1232. SIR FLEETWOOD DORMER, OP ARLE COURT. (See Nos... 
244, 567, 631.) The following may be an interesting addition to 
previous notes: 

"Anne the daughter of S r Fleetwood Dormer, Knighte, bap 
y e 5 of May 1608." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 275 

" Margaret the daughter of S r Fleetwood Dormer, Kn*, baptized 
the 5 of November 1609." 

These extracts are from a MS. volume, of about the year 1700, 
now at Lamport, which contains many particulars of the same kind 
from parish registers no longer existing, and amongst others, from 
those of Pytchley, Northamptonshire, once the seat of the senior 
branch of the Ishams. The above-named Anne and Margaret 
Dormer were sisters of Sir Fleetwood Dormer, of Arle Court. 

H. ISHAM LONGDEN. 

St. Michael and All Angels, Northampton. 

1233. A MARVEL AT TOCKINGTON, IN OLVESTON PARISH. 
Felix Farley's Bristol Journal for August 25, 1821, contains the 
following paragraph : 

The inhabitants of this city have this week been amused with 
the exhibition and sale in our streets of a collection of snail shells, 
which are reported to have fallen, or we should more accurately say 
made their sudden appearance, in a field of about 3 acres, belonging 
to a farmer at Tockington. ... Its name is Felix (sic) 
Virgata, or zoned snail shell. . . . Common rumour says that 
" the snails fell like a great shower, which continued upwards of 
an hour, and that the earth's surface was covered nearly six acres, 
three inches deep." 

In the same paper for the 29th September following, is an extract 
from a letter of a sailor to his father, " a respectable inhabitant of 
this city." Writing from " off the Banks of Newfoundland " on 
the 15th August, the writer says : " We have had dreadful weather. 
Yesterday .... the rain fell in torrents, and as we thought 
from the darkness, very large hailstones ; but upon the weather 
clearing up, to our great astonishment, we found our little deck 
choaked up with shell fish, something like perriwinkles." j j^ 

1234. A LEAK STOPPED BY A FISH. The well-known story 
of a dolphin having saved one of the ships of Colston, the 
philanthropist, by thrusting itself into a leak, lends some interest 
to the following paragraph, which was published in the Bristol 
Times and Mirror of November 22, 1879 : 

A strange thing has happened to the Southella, of Hull, which 
left Cardiff on the 5th inst. for Port Said, with a cargo of coal. 
In Penarth roads it was found she was making water, and the 
pumps were put to work. They did not gain on the water, and 
the vessel returned to the East Dock on the 7th inst. There she 
was surveyed, and a hole was discovered on her starboard side, 
which had been caused by the anchor of another steamer striking 
her while loading in the East Dock. The hole had no doubt been 
stopped by an eel, which had been drawn in by suction. Eight 
inches of the tail-part of the fish were discovered inside the boat, 
and the head-part, measuring fourteen inches, was found on the 



276 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

outside when the vessel had been taken into Messrs. Gunn's dry-dock 
to be discharged. The eel, which was two inches in diameter, had 
probably prevented the vessel sinking at her loading berth. 

J. L. 

1235. RIMMER'S " CROSSES OF ENGLAND : " GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 
In Rimmer's Ancient Stone Crosses of England (London, 1875), 
with seventy-two illustrations on wood, these Gloucestershire 
specimens have been represented, with letter-press descriptions : 

1. Remains of Preaching-Cross at Iron- Acton. 

2. Base of High Cross at Aylburton, near Lydney. 

3. Hempsted Cross, near Gloucester. 

4. Our Lady's Well, Hempsted. 
6. Lydney Cross. 

6. Cross in Bisley Churchyard. 

7. Clearwell Cross, near Coleford. 

8. Bristol Cross, now at Stourhead, Wilts. 

9. Gloucester Cross, not extant. 

10. Cirencester Cross, now in Earl Bathurst's demense. 

11. Cross at Ampney Crucis, near Cirencester. 

There are illustrations of two fine crosses at Cricklade, which is 
in Wilts, but in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol one in 
St. Sampson's churchyard, having been removed from the road 
where it formerly stood ; and the other in St. Mary's churchyard. 
There are likewise two illustrations of Malmesbury Market-Cross, 
which, like those at Cricklade, is within the diocese, though 
beyond the bounds of the county. 

The plan of Rimmer's work being limited, the subject has been 
treated in a popular manner ; while, for the sake of variety and 
interest, antiquarian notes, historical memoranda, and scraps of 
biography are freely blended with the text. " Much pains," as the 
author states, " have been taken, and expense incurred, in the pro- 
duction of the engravings, which, it is believed, will be found of a 
high character, both architecturally and pictorially." 

Pooley's Notes on the Old Crosses of Gloucestershire (London, 
1868), embracing a more limited area, is a valuable publication. 

BIBLIOGRAPHER. 

1236. RICHARD CROMWELL'S VISIT TO BRISTOL IN 1658. 
What follows is from the Mercurius Politicus, July 1 to 8, 1658 : 

Bristol, July 3. On Thursday last, the most illustrious Lord, the 
Lord Richard, (having received two or three invitations in the name 
of this City,) set forward from Bath hither, attended by a numerous 
train of gentry, and was met three miles from the town by the 
Sheriffs [John Willoughby and Henry Appleton], accompanied with 
at least 200 horse, whence, after their salutation and compliment in 
the name of the City, they conducted his Lordship, with his Lady, 
and the honourable Colonel William Cromwell, Mr, Dunche, &c., 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 277 

into Bristol, waited on by near 400 horse; at whose entry the 
artillery was fired from the Mersh and the ships that lay in the 
road; and his Lordship, riding forward, was encountered by the 
Lord Mayor [Arthur Farmer] and Aldermen, and was by them 
waited on to a house, provided for his Lordship at Colonel 
Aldworths in Broad-street, and there received with hearty demon- 
strations of their affections to their Highnesses (whom they said they 
had formerly the honor to see there), and particularly to his 
Lordship. The next day his Lordship rod out, to be witness of 
the beauty of the place, and was at his return entertained with a 
noble dinner, at which it is observable that (although there were 
exceeding plenty of wine, &c.) yet there was so much respect 
had to their prudent orders and civil decorum, that that great 
entertainment was void of that rudeness, excess, and noyse, into 
which the liberty of feasts, in these our days, doe often betray the 
guests. 

The same evening his Lordship passing through another part of 
the City, round the Town Mersh, was complimented with the 
discharge of the great guns upon the place, and in his way forth 
treated particularly by the Mayor with a Banquet, &c., and returned 
safe to Bath. Throughout this whole entertainment there appeared 
as clear a face of duty and good affection as ever was seen at any 
time upon the like occasion ; yet it is no more than what is paid to 
that noble Lord in every place, by such as have had the honour to 
observe his great humanity, joyned with so great hopes, and the 
noblest inclinations of a virtuous mind. 

1237. POLL TAX (PARISH OP CRANHAM), TEMP. EICH. II. 
Some fragments of the accounts of the collection in Gloucestershire 
of the celebrated Poll Tax, which led to the insurrection of Wat 
Tyler in the reign of Richard the Second, are preserved in the 
Public Record Office. Former grants having proved insufficient to 
cover current expenses, the chancellor asked for one hundred 
and sixty thousand pounds to liquidate the debt of the nation, 
which demand was pronounced outrageous and insupportable. The 
Commons proposed to raise 100,000 by a capitation tax, of which 
two thirds should be paid by the laity, and one third by the clergy, 
but the latter would admit of no invasion of their rights : they 
had always enjoyed the liberty of taxing themselves, and would 
carefully preserve it. " Let others perform their own duty, and 
they would perform theirs." In the end it was agreed to impose a 
tax of three groats per head on every male and female of fifteen 
years of age ; but for the relief of the poor it was provided that in 
towns and cities the aggregate amount should be divided among the 
inhabitants according to their ability, so that none should pay less 
than one groat, or more than sixty groats for himself and his wife. 

The clergy in Convocation granted a similar tax of 6s. 8d. from 
all prelates, priests both regular and secular, and nuns, and of one 



278 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

shilling from all deacons and inferior clerks. The two returns are 
found among the Subsidy Rolls, and bear the numbers y^ 3 , ^|. 
The latter is stated to consist of fourteen loose membranes, portions 
of a roll of collection of a Poll Tax granted Richard II. Though 
fragments, these returns contain lists of inhabitants of many 
Gloucestershire parishes at that period, viz., Bibury, Ablington, 
Charlton, Weston Birt, Brimpsfield, Rendcombe, Painswick, Bisley, 
the hundreds of Crowthorne and Salmonesbury, &c., which those 
interested in local history may be glad to have. The list for 
Cranham is given as a specimen. j -^ jj 

Crariham. 

William atte Nassch and Juliana, his wife, cultivator 3 8 
John Toly and Agnes, his wife ... ... ... 2 s 6 d 

Philip Smyth, faber, and Agnes, his wife 2 s 

Richard Braderugge, shepherd 2 s 

Richard Wade, cultivator, and Agnes, his wife ... 2 s 
William Saddelare, labourer, and Alice, his wife ... 1 s 6 d 
Alice Haukin, day servant ... ... ... ... 1 2 d 

Richard Thorns, cultivator, and Alice, his wife ... 2 s 
William Wade, do. and Alice, his wife ... 2 s 
Richard Stockwell, labourer ... ... ... ... 12 d 

William Jobpe, cultivator, and Isabella, his wife ... 2 s 
John Peers and Matilda, his wife, brewers ... ... 2 s 

John Taillour, tailor, and Clarice, his wife ... ... 2 s 

Richard atte Hulle, cultivator, and Matilda 2 s 

Richard Raynald, do. and Agnes ... ... 2 s 

John Wygmore, do. and Alice 2 e 

Richard atte Crofte, do. and Agnes ... ... 2 s 

Alice, servant to William atte Nassch ... ... 8 d 

William Haukyn, day servant ... ... ... 12 d 

John, servant of Philip Smyth ... ... ... 8 d 

William Popar, servant of do. ... ... ... 8 d 

Gilbert Braderugge, day servant ... ... ... 8 d 

Thomas, servant of Rich. Raynald 8 d 

Philip Thomes, labourer 8 d 

Sum of Persons, 38 : Sum of Poll Tax, 38 s 

1238. THE WILL OF HENRY OF GLOUCESTER, A.D. 1332. 
The following is an English version of Henry of Gloucester's will, 
which was written in Latin, and is in Weever's Antient Funeral 
Monuments (3rd ed., London, 1767), p. 206: "In the Name of 
the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, Amen. I, 
Henry of Gloucester, citizen and goldsmith of London, make my 
will in this form. I leave my body to be buried at Saint Helens 
in London, where the prioress and convent of the said house shall 
choose. Item, I leave to Elizabeth, my daughter, a nun of the said 
house of Saint Helen, six shillings. Item, I leave to the prioress 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES, 279 

and convent of Saint Helen eleven marks of silver annually, to 
find two chaplains to celebrate divine service in the same church of 
Saint Helen, for my soul and the soul of Margaret, my late wife, 
and for the souls of William my father, and Willelma my mother, 
the daughter of Thomas de Basiugs, brother of William de Basings, 
founder, &c. The residue I leave for the sustentation of my son 
John. And if the said John my son should die without issue, let 
it remain wholly to Johanna my daughter, and the heirs of her 
body lawfully begotten. Item, I leave to Elizabeth my daughter 
two ' schopas aheneas.' Item, I leave to Johanna Adynet my 
niece five shillings. Given and executed at London on Thursday 
next after the feast of Saint Andrew the Apostle, in the year of 
the Lord 1332, the sixth year of the reign of King Edward 
the Third." 

This will was proved "xv Kal. January'," A.D. 1332, 6 Edw. III. 

The church above mentioned is stated by Weever to have been 
" the church to the nunnery, founded first by William Basing, 
dean of St. Paul's (who lieth here buried), about the year 1212, 
and afterwards by another William Basing (one of the sheriffs of 
London, in the second year of Edward II.) augmented both in 
building and revenue. For which he is also holden to be a founder. 
This religious house was. dedicated to the honor of St. Helen, and 
replenished with black nuns. There was a partition between the 
nuns' church and the parish church, but now the whole church 
belongeth to the parish. It was surrendered .November 25, 30 
Hen. VIII., being valued at 314?. 2s. 6d. of yearly revenues." 

J.M. H. 

. 1239. ".JOURNAL OF THE BRITISH ARCILEOLOGICAL. ASSOCI- 
ATION : " GLOUCESTERSHIRE PAPERS. The following papers in the 
Journal of the British Archaeological Association, vols. i.-xl., 
London, 1845-84*, have reference to Gloucestershire : 

Vol. i., 1845. 
P. 9. Deerhurst Church. By Daniel H. Haigh. 

Vol. ii., 1846. 
324. On a Eoman Villa discovered at Bisley. By Thomas 

Baker. 
. ,,369. Proceedings of the Congress held at Gloucester, 1846. 

Vol. iv., 1848. 

50. On Saxon Remains found in Gloucestershire. By 
Thomas Wright, F.S.A. 

* A General Index to vols. i.-xxx. has been prepared and published (London, 1875) under the 
direction of the Council, by Walter de Gray Birch, F.R.S.L., Hon. Secretary. 

An 8vo periodical, entitled Archaeological Journal, had been started in 1844. It was 
"published for the Association" by Messrs. Parker, but only five numbers, dating from 
March, 1844, to January, 1845, appeared. It gave way to the separate Journals of the 
British Archaeological Association and the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and 
Ireland. The five volumes which Mr. Parker published, 1846-48, are not common to both 
series, as many persons imagine, but belong to the Institute. 



280 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Vol. vii., 1851. 

P. 61. Kecent Eesearches at Cirencester, etc. By Chas. Koacli 
Smith, F.S.A. 

Vol. xv., 1859. 

318. On the Kitchener's Koll of Tewkesbury Abbey, with 
transcript of same. By Thomas Wakeman. 

Vol. xvii., 1861. 

189. On the Iters of Kichard of Cirencester. By George 
Vere Irving. 

Vol. xix., 1863. 

100. On Antiquities found at Corinium. By Thomas 
Wright, F.S.A. 

Vol. xxiii., 1867. 

168. Koman Coins found in the Forest of Dean. Also 
p. 396. 

Vol. xxiv., 1868. 
1 29. On a Eoman Villa at Chedworth. By J. W. Grover, C.E. 

Vol. xxv., 1869. 

21. Inaugural Address at the Congress held at Cirencester, 

1868. By Earl Bathurst. 
26. The Norman Earls of Gloucester. By James Robinson 

Planche", Somerset Herald. 
39. Notes on the Norman Earls of Gloucester. By Sir P. 

Stafford Carey and James Kobinson Planche. 
42. On the Painted Glass Windows in Eairford Church. 

By Henry F. Holt. 
113. Cotswold and its Popular Customs. By T. F. Dillon 

Croker. 
120. Kichard of Cirencester and his Writings. By Edward 

Levien, F.S.A. 
149. Incidents at Cirencester during the Civil War. By 

the Eev. George F. Townsend. 
215. On the Eoman Villa at Chedworth. By the Eev. 

Prebendary H. M. Scarth, F.S.A. 
228. On Albert Durer as a Painter on Glass. By Henry 

F. Holt. 
91. Proceedings of the Cirencester Congress, 1868. Also 

pp. 190, 283, 400. 

Vol. xxvi., 1870. 

149. The Earls of Gloucester and Hertford. By James 
Eobinson Planche". 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 281 

Vol. xxvii., 1871. 

P. 100. Notes on New Theories respecting the Fairford Windows 
and Early Wood Engraving. By James Robinson 
Planche. 

110. The Tames of Fairford. By Henry F. Holt. 

,, 218. Episodes in the Careerof Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, 
and his first Duchess, and their Connexion with the 
Abbey of St. Albans. By Geo. E. Wright, F.S.A. 

,, 246. Legends and Memorials of the Wye. By T. F. Dillon 
Croker. 

,,416. The Bell-Foundry of Gloucester. By the Rev. William 
C. Lukis, F.S'.A. 

Vol. xxix., 1873. 

371. On an Inscribed Stone of the Roman Period found at 
Sea-Mills, near Bristol. By the Rev. John M'Caul, 
LL.D. 

Vol. xxxi., 1875. 

19. Some Notes on St. Mary Redcliff Church, Bristol. By 

George Godwin, F.R.S., F.S.A. 
62. On the Early History of Bristol. By John Taylor, 

Museum and Library, Bristol. 
68. Cadbury Camp and similar Works near Bristol. By 

J. W. Grover, C.E. 
153. Saint Ewen, Bristol, and the Welsh Border, circ. A.D. 

577-926. By Thomas Kerslake. 
180. On the Municipal Seals and Armorial Ensigns of the 

City of Bristol. By James Robinson Planche". 
237. The Ancient Hospital of St. Mark, Bristol. By 

T. Blashill. 
259. Old Deeds of All Hallow Church, Bristol. By James 

F. Nicholls, City Librarian. 
275. The Church of Holy Cross, Temple, Bristol. By John 

Taylor. 

289. Original Documents relating to Bristol and the Neigh- 
bourhood. By Walter de Gray Birch, F.R.S.L., 

Hon. Sec. 
,, 310. Notes on the Regalia of the Corporation of the City 

of Bristol. By James F. Nicholls. 
339. The Bristol Mint and its Productions. By Henry W. 

Henfrey. 

372. St. Nicholas Crypt, Bristol. By John Taylor. 
516. List of Persons and Places in the Early Documents 

relating to Bristol. 
117. Proceedings of the Bristol Congress, 1874. Also 

pp. 233, 324, 460. 

VOL. III. U 



282 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Vol. xxxii., 1876. 

P. 44. Tewkesbury Abbey Church. By T. Blashill. 

' 145. On the Wiccii and their Territory. By Thomas 

Morgan, F.S.A. 
344. Gleanings from Church Eecords of Bristol. By John 

Taylor. 
355. On the Cistercian Abbey of Hayles. By E. P. Loftus 

Brock, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. 
440. The History of Buckland Church and Manor-House. 

By John Robinson. 
446. Winchcombe Abbey. By E. P. Loftus Brock, F.S.A., 

Hon. Sec. 
,, 455. On some Original Deeds relating to William, Earl of 

Gloucester, etc. By John Taylor. 

Vol. xxxiv., 1878. 

333. The Abbeys of Winchcombe, Hayles, Cirencester, 
and Hales Owen. By the Rev. Mackenzie E. C. 
Walcott, B.D., F.S.A. 

Vol. xxxvii., 1881. 

141. On the Thirteenth Iter of Antoninus, the missing 
Station between Cirencester and Speen. By Gordon 
M. Hills. 

Vol. xxxviii., 1882. 

65. The Ecclesiastical State of the Diocese of Worcester 
during the Episcopate of John Carpenter, 1444-76, 
illustrated by his Registers. By the Rev. Canon 
A. H. Winnington-Ingram, M.A. 

215. Roman Villa in Spoonley Wood, near Sudeley Castle. 
By E. P. Loftus Brock, F.S.A., Hon. Sec. 

BIBLIOGRAPHER. 

1240. LOCAL USE OF THE WORD " PURE. "(See No. 1121.) 
My recollection of the borders of the Forest of Dean, both on the 
Wye and on the Severn side, carries me back sixty or seventy years. 
At that time it was a very usual reply to a friend's greeting and 
inquiry, "Thank God, I be pure and hearty to-day;" and as usual 
a greeting, " Well, Thomas, you do look quite peart to-day," clearly 
meaning pert. It was then, and still is, common to use the word 
sprack in the same sense, viz. as sprightly. 

It may interest your readers to know that in the West Riding of 
.Yorkshire, forty and fifty years ago, a like figurative use of the 
words pretty and clever prevailed. A cottager would say, for 
example, to the rector's wife, " Why, maam, you look quite claver 
and pratty to-day." Or, speaking of herself, and of a slip over the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 283 

door-step, she would say, " I had just made [closed] the door, and 
was feeling as pratty and claver as ought, when suddenly down 
I went." J OHN J AMES) M . A< 

Highfield, Lydney. 

1241. WAGES IN GLOUCESTERSHIRE IN 1732. At the Easter 
quarter sessions for Gloucestershire, held at the Boothall, in 
Gloucester, on the 18th April, 1732, the magistrates present, namely, 
Thomas Cooke, Esq., Sir John Guise, Bart., Sir John Dutton, Bart., 
Nathaniel Lye, D.I)., Charles Hyett, Edmund Chamberlayne, John 
Stevens, Henry Guise, Thomas Hayward, William Bell, Esquires, 
and the Eev. Francis Welles, issued an order under their hands 
and seals, in pursuance of the Acts then in force for assessing the 
wages of labour, fixing the rates which were to be paid to servants 
by employers throughout the county. The order, which is of 
considerable length, was published in the Gloucester Journal of the 
16th May, and copies were also fixed to the doors of every church 
and chapel, and to the doors or pillars of every market-house within 
the county. A few extracts, stripped of legal verbiage, will suffice 
to give its leading features, and will also afford a glimpse into the 
social condition of the labouring classes in the " good old days " of 
George II. : 

"We do hereby direct and order that no person or persons 
within this county do presume to give or receive respectively any 
greater rates than are hereby assessed. And . . . take notice 
that every master that shall directly or indirectly give any greater 
wages than herein assessed, is to suffer imprisonment by the space 
of ten days, without bail, and forfeits the sum of five pounds. And 
every workman, labourer, servant, &c., that shall take wages con- 
trary to this assessment, is to suffer imprisonment by the space of 
one and twenty days, without bail. And if any master shall put 
away his servant, or any servant shall depart from his master 
before the end of his term, without reasonable cause, or at the end 
of his term without a quarter's warning, the master forfeits forty 
shillings, and the servant may be committed to gaol till he finds 
security to serve out his term, or be sent to the House of Correction, 
and be punished as an idle, disorderly person. No hired servant 
shall depart ab the end of his service out of one town or parish to 
another, unless he have a certificate under the seal of the town, or of 
the constable and two other honest householders of the parish 
where he dwell'd last. Every servant departing without such certi- 
ficate shall be incapable of being hired, but shall be imprisoned 
until he procure the same, which if he cannot do within twenty- 
one days, he is to be whipped and used as a vagabond. And every 
person hiring such a servant shall forfeit five pounds. All artificers 
and labourers hired by the day or week shall, between the middle 
of the months of March and September, be at work at or before 
five o'clock in the morning, and not depart until between seven and 



284 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

sight o'clock at night, [two hours and a half being allowed for 
breakfast, dinner, and 'drinking.'] Between the middle of 
September and the middle of March they shall work from the 
spring of the day in the morning until the night. 

" The wages appointed to be taken. 

Every head servant in husbandry, not exceeding per annum 500 

Every second servant 

Every driving boy under 14 years 100 

Every head maid servant and cook 2 10 

Every second maid servant ,, 200 

Every mower in hay harvest, without drink, per day ... 1 2 

with drink, ... 1 

Every reaper in corn harvest, with diet, ...010 

Every other day labourer, with drink, ... 8 

with diet, ... 4 

without diet or drink, ... 10 

Every carpenter, wheelwright, and mason, without drink, ,,012 

with drink, 1 0." 
J. L. 

1242. SOME GLOUCESTERSHIRE TOKENS OF THE SEVENTEENTH 
CENTURY. (See No. 348.) In the Numismatic Chronicle (1884), 
3rd series, vol. iv., pp. 281-342, there is an interesting list of 
u Seventeenth Century Tokens in the British Museum, not described 
in Boyue's work." It has been contributed by Messrs. C. E. Keary 
and Warwick Wroth ; and the following particulars relative to 
Gloucestershire tokens have been extracted from pp. 295-298, in 
the hope that they may prove acceptable and useful to many of 
your readers. " The asterisk (*) denotes that the token is quite 
new to Boyne ; specimens without the asterisk are varieties of 
Boyne." C. T. D. 

Awre. 

Obv. Kobert . Dover . of . the. K. E. D. 
Rev. Vine . in . the . Pr . of . Avre. 1652. Jd. 

Bourton-on-tlie- Water. 

Obv. Edward . [L]amly . Baker. Bakers' Arms. 
Rev. In . Bvrton . on . the . Water. His Half Peny. 1669. |d. 

Bristol. 

Obv. Bristoll . Farthing. 1591. 

Rev. Ship issuing from castle. C. B. |d. 

Square, lead 9 '5.* 

* This rare leaden token, of which Messrs. Keary and Wroth have given an illustration, was 
purchased in 1880 from Mr. Webster, the coin dealer, and bears every mark of genuineness. 
" Though not of the seventeenth century, it is here inserted and reproduced on account of its 
interest as the 1'orerunner of the town- pieces of that century. It is known that Elizabeth 
granted a license to the. city of Bristol to issue farthing tokens in copper, and Ruding (Annals, 
i. 348) conjectures that this took place soon after the year 1574, though the exact date is 
unascertained. Possibly, however, the official issue of Bristol tokens did not take place till a 
later period, for our specimen, which seems to be the pattern of a town-piece put forth by 
authority, bears the date 1591. In May, 1594, an order was sent to the mayor and aldermen 
of Bristol to call in all the private tokens which had been stamped and uttered by divers 
persons within that city without any manner of authority (Ruding, Ann. ii. 213)." For a 
note headed " Bristol Farthings of the Seventeenth Century," see ante, vol. ii. p. 642. ED. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 285 

Olv. On shield, Arms of Bristol (ship issuing r. from castle). 
Rev. C. B. 

Square, ^E, '8. 

Olv. A. . Bristoll . Farthing. C. B. 1660n. 

Rev. The . Armes . of . Bristoll. Ship issuing 1. from castle. Jd 

Obv. A . Bristoll . Farthing. C. B. 1662. 

Rev. The . Armes . of . Bristoll. Same type as last. d. 

Campden. 

Olv. William . Yeate. Grocers' Arms. 

Rev. In . Campde? Merced W. M. Y. id. 

Cheltenham. 

Olv. Edward . lohnson. Mercers' Arms. 

Rev. In . Cheltenham. E. M. I. Jd. 

Cirencester. 

Olv. Edmvnd . Freeman . in. Grocers' Arms. 

Rev. Cirencester. 1655. E. M. F. Jd. 

Olv. Thomas . Perry. Three doves. 

Rev. In . Cirencisiter. T. A. P. -Jd. 

Gloucester. 

Olv. Henry . Knowles. A flesh-pot. 

Rev. Of . Glocester. H. K. Jd. 

Olv. Nathaniell . Weeb. Brewers' Arms. 

Rev. Of . Gloucter . Brover. K M. W. Jd. 

Mitchel Dean. 

Olv. Edward . Morse . of. Merchant's mark, as Boyne, 91. 
Rev. Michell . Deane . Clothier. His Halfe Penny. Jd. 

Moreton-in-the-Marsh. 

Olv. Rowland . Freeman . MerceM Grocers' Arms. 
Rev. Of . Movrton . in . Marsh. K. E. F. Jd. 

Norlhleach. 

Olv. Thomas . Page. A falcon. 
Rev. Of . Norlege. T. M. P. Jd. 

PainswicJc. 

Obv. Giles . Smith . 1664. Grocers' Arms. 
Rev. In . Paynsswicke. G. A. S. Jd. 

Stow. 

Obv. Hazel wood . Wells. Grocers' Arms. 
Rev. Of . Stow. H. S. W. id. 



286 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Tetbury. 

Obv. This . Farthing . wil . be . ownd. in Tetbury. 

Rev. Y e . Armes . of. that . Bvrrovg h . The Arms of Tetbury. ^d. 

Obv. Antipas . Swinerton. A wool-pack. 

Rev. Of . Tetbvry . Wollman. A. M. S. Jd. 

Tewkesbury. 

Obv. His . Halfe . Peny . 1662. William . Hall. 

Rev. The . Towne . of . Tewksbvry. W. P. H. d. 

Obv. Thomas . leanes. A castle. 

Rev. In . Tewxsberry . 1669. His Halfe Peny. d. 

Obv. Thomas . leynes . of. His Halfe Peny. 

Rev. Tewkesbvry . 1669. A castle. Jd. 

Obv. lohn Millington. Grocers' Arms. 

Rev. Of . Twexbvrie. ^ d. 

Winchcomb. 

Obv. William . lones. Roll of cloth. 

Rev. At . Wincombe . 1666. W. I. d. 

Obv. Nicholas . Pearson. His Half Peny. 

Rev. In . Winchcombe . 1670. 1ST. M. P. (octagonal). d. 

1243. SUNDRY OLD GLOUCESTERSHIRE ADVERTISEMENTS, 1731- 
33. The following advertisements, published in the Gloucester 
Journal, seem worthy of preservation, the dates appended being 
those of the papers in which they respectively appear : 

(1.) This is to give notice that at Lewis Fernandezes vault in 
Catherine Wheel-lane, Gloucester, are sold all sorts of Portugal 
and Spanish Wines, wholesale and retail, at the following prices, 
viz., Mountain, Lisbon, and Sherry, at 5s. per gallon ; Eed Port at 
5s. 9d. per gallon ; Canary 7s., and Tent 7s. 6d., per gallon. Note, 
The aforesaid wines were imported in London, and are to be sold 
by the hogshead and half -hogshead at a cheaper rate. Witness 
my hand, LEWIS FERNANDEZES. June 1, 1731. 

(2.) Whereas Charles Powel, a lusty, black Fellow, said to be 
born in the town of Monmouth, ran away the 16th inst. from the 
service of M r Viney, of the city of Gloucester, with a blue livery 
lined with yellow, and wrought buttons, and a dark brown wig : 
These are therefore to caution all gentlemen and others from hiring 
him ; and whoever will secure the aforesaid Charles Powel, shall 
be well rewarded by me, WILLIAM VINEY. Aug. 24, 1731. 

(3.) Notice is hereby given, That the Gloucester Stage-Coach to 
London leaves off Flying on Saturday next, the 9th of this inst., 
and goes to London in three days as usual, on Mondays and 
Thursdays. JOHN HARRIS. Oct. 5, 1731. , 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 287 

(4.) A Cock Match, Gloucestershire against Somersetshire, to be 
fought at the Unicorn in Bath, near the North Gate. They weigh 
on Monday, the 10th April next, and fight the three following days 
for four guineas a battle, and forty guineas the odd battle. They 
shew 35 cocks of a side. Note, There will be good entertainment 
for gentlemen. March 28, 1732. 

[A similar match between "the gentlemen of Bristol and the 
gentlemen of Bath, to shew 41 cocks for four guineas a battle, and 
sixty guineas the odd battle," had been advertised on the 9th 
November, 1731.] 

(5.) To be sold, Two sixth parts or shares of the "Water "Works 
in the city of Gloucester. Enquire of M rs Elizabeth Palmer, 
Bookseller in Gloucester, who continues her trade, and of whom 
may be had books in all languages and faculties, and all sorts of 
modern books ; where also books are neatly bound in all sorts of 
binding, gilt and lettered on the back. April 18, 1732. 

(6.) The following, though inserted amongst the news paragraphs, 
smacks of an advertisement : 

Bath, Jan. 20. Our comedians have received from M rs Mooring, 
in London, dressmaker to the Court and the Theatres, (with which 
they intend to open this season at M rs Hayes's) four suits of men's 
rich cloaths, and three of women, left off by the Eoyal Family, 
with a new sett of Eoman shapes, and a Falstaff's dress made by 
her, so that they be justly said to have stock far superior to any in 
England out of London, and for quantity to equal any of the 
Houses. Jan. 23, 1733. 

(7.) This is to give notice, That at Richard Taylor's in S fc John's 
Lane, Gloucester, is sold Superfine Bohea and Green Tea, at eleven 
shillings per pound, and by the ounce ninepence. N.B. At the 
same place also is sold, at very reasonable rates, silk, worsted, 
cotton, and thread Hose. Feb. 27, 1733. 

(8.) Notice is hereby given, That the Exeter Stage-Coach sets out 
from the Three Tuns in Bath to the Half Moon in Exeter every 
Thursday, where it arrives on Saturday night, and returns from 
thence every Monday. Perform'd (if God permit) by WILLIAM DUNT. 

That the Stage-Coach from Gloucester to London began Flying 
the 2 d day of April, and will continue to fly three times a week 
during the summer. Perform'd (if God permit) by JOHN HARRIS, 
mercer in Gloucester. April 10, 1733. 

(9.) To be lett, A large and convenient House and Malthouse 
under the same roof, well accustomed, and capable of making 
2500 bushels in a year, situated in the town of Mitchel-Dean, 
together with stables, barns, and outhouses, and a handsome garden, 
all in good repair. There is also 4 acres of Orchard and about 30 
acres of pasture near the said house ; to be lett together or in parts, 
the whole being about <40 a year. Enquire of M r John Bayley, 
attorney at law, Mitchel-Dean. April 24, 1733. 

(10.) To be sold, A Dole in Meanham, changeable one year three 



288 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

quarters of an acre, and another year an acre and a quarter. And 
a little ground in Queen-Dick. Enquire of Thomas Price, Gold- 
smith in Gloucester, for particulars. Sept. 4, 1733. 

(11.) Whereas some Grapes have been stolen out of a Vineyard, 
call'd the Sunns, in the parish of Churchdown, near Gloucester, 
whoever will give intelligence, so as to amount to a legal conviction, 
shall have a guinea reward of me, NATH. MATHEWS. Sept. 18, 1733. 

(12.) Notice is hereby given that the Gloucester and Oxford 
Stage-Coach begins on Monday, the 15 th inst., to go in three days, 
twice a week, all the winter season, setting out every Monday and 
Thursday at six o'clock in the morning. Performed (if God permit) 
by JOHN HARRIS in Gloucester. Note, He sells Bath and Bristol 
Waters. Oct. 9, 1733. 

[The "flying" coach performed the journey from Gloucester to 
London in two long summer days. As regards the last mentioned 
performance it may be stated that the distance between Gloucester 
and Oxford, by road, is only about 51 miles. No fares are given 
in these old coaching advertisements. We learn incidentally, 
however, from an announcement on the 23rd January, 1733, that 
the charge from Bristol to Gloucester, by the coach which boasted 
of performing the journey " in one day " during the summer months, 
had been 8s. An opposition coach having started, by which the 
fare was reduced to 6s., the old firm offered to carry passengers in 
future for 5s.] j -^ 

1244. " ARCHAEOLOGICAL JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE " : 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE PAPERS. The following papers in the Archaeo- 
logical Journal of the Royal Archaeological Institute of Great 
Britain and Ireland, vols. i.-xli. ; London, 1845-84,* have reference 
to Gloucestershire : 

Vol. L, 1845. 

P. 36. On Bell-Turrets. By the Kev. John L. Petit. 

Vol. ii., 1846. 
42. Eoman Villa discovered at Bisley. By Thomas Baker. 

Vol. in., 1846. 

343. Remarkable Use of Excommunication in the Thirteenth 
Century. By W. S. W. [See ante, vol. ii., p. 463.] 

Vol. iv., 1847. 

97. Architectural Notes in the Neighbourhood of Chelten- 
ham. By the Rev. John L. Petit. 

Vol. vi., 1849. 

40. Architectural Notices relating chiefly to Ecclesiastical 
Structures in the County of Gloucester. By the same. 

* A General Index to vols. i.-xxv., edited by J. M. [Sir John Maclean, F.S.A.], has been 
published under the direction of the Council London 1878. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 289 

P. 321. Collections illustrative of Roman Occupation in Britain. 
No. i. Corinium : Observations on Remains lately 
discovered at Cirencester. By Charles Tucker. 

Vol. ix., 1852. 

,, 181. Bond by the Abbot and Convent of Winchcombe, 
illustrative of the ancient usage of change of 
Surname. By Aflbert] W[ay]. 

336. Notice of a remarkable Globular Object found at 
Slymbridge. By the same. 

Vol. xi., 1854. 

315. Description of a Chambered Tumulus, near Uley. By 
John Thurnam, M.D. 

328. Description of the ancient Hill Fortress of Uley bury. 
By Charles C. Babington. 

Vol. xii., 1855. 

,, 9. Notice of a Bronze Relique discovered at Leckhampton. 
By Albert Way, M.A., F.S.A. 

Vol. xiii., 1856. 

215. On the Removal and Relaying of Roman Tesselated 
Floors. By Professor Buckman, F.L.S., F.G.S. 

Vol. xiv., 1857. 
99. The Four Roman Ways. By Edwin Guest, D.C.L. 

Vol. xvii., 1860. 

189. Observations on Discoveries of Roman Remains in 
Sedbury, within the Parish of Tidenham. By George 
Ormerod, D.C.L., F.R.S. 

197. On the probable Identity of the Chapelry of St. 
Briavel's, recognised as Lidneia Parva in the twelfth 
Century, with the Ledenei of the Saxon Hundred of 
Ledenei, named in Domesday as the property of 
William Fitz Baderon. By the same. 

201. The Parliaments of Gloucester. By the Rev. Charles 
Henry Hartshorne, M.A. 

,, 227. The ancient Iron Trade of the Forest of Dean. By the 
Rev. H. G. Nicholls, M.A. 

297. On the Monument of King Edward II. in Gloucester 
Cathedral, and Mediaeval Sculpture. By Richard 
Westmacott, R.A., F.R.S. 



290 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

P. 320. Report of Annual Meeting held at Gloucester, 1860. 

Vol. xviii., 1861. 

116. Account of the Bible published by Co verdale in 15 35, and 
of a copy in the Cathedral Library at Gloucester. 
By the Rev. James Lee Warner, M.A. 

342. Traces of History and Ethnology in the Local Names in 
Gloucestershire. By the Rev. John Earle, M.A. 

Vol. xix., 1862. 
50. Traces of History, etc., continued. By the same. 

193. On the English Conquest of the Severn Valley. By 
Edwin Guest, LL.D. 

236. The Cathedral, Diocese, and Monasteries of Worcester 
in the Eighth Century. By the Rev. William Stubbs, 
M.A., Vicar of Navestock, Essex. 

Vol. xx., 1863. 

,, 1. The Life and Times of Wulfstan, Bishop of Worcester. 
By the Very Rev. Walter Farquhar Hook, D.D., 
F.R.S., Dean of Chichester. 

38. Bristol Cathedral. By Edward W. Godwin, F.S.A. 

239. An Account of the Painted Glass in the East Window 
of Gloucester Cathedral. Also p. 319. 

Vol. xxiii., 1866. 

,, 277. Notices of Roman Pigs of Lead found at Bristol, etc. 
By Albert Way, M.A., F.S.A. 

Vol. xxv., 1868. 

119. On the Painted Glass in Fairford Church, and its Claim 
to be considered the work of Albert Durer. By the 
Rev. J. Fuller Russell, B.C.L., F.S.A. 

137. Saxon Situla found at Fairford. By Professor James 
Buckman, F.G.S., F.L.S: 

192. Mediaeval Art and the Fairford Windows. By John 
Green Waller. 

Vol. xxix., 1872. 
268. Gloucestershire Charters. By G. T. Cflark]. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 291 

Vol. xxxi., 1874. 

P. 41. On an Inscribed Stone found at Sea-Mills, two miles 
below Bristol, in 1873. By the Rev. Prebendary 
H. M. Scarth, F.S.A. 

Vol. xxxiv., 1877. 

270. The Mural Paintings at Kempley Church. By C. E. 
Keyser, M.A. 

Vol. xxxv., 1878. 

313. The Land of Morgan, Part iii. : The Earls of Gloucester. 
By G. T. Clark, F.S.A. 

Vol. xxxvi., 1879, 

117. The Land of Morgan, Part iv. : The Earls of Gloucester 
and Hertford. By the same. 

Vol. xxxvii., 1880. 

320. Recent Roman Discoveries at Maryport, Beckfoot, and 
Cirencester. By W. Thompson Watkin. 

Vol. xxxix., 1882. 

296. The Friar-Preachers, or Black Friars, of Gloucester. 
By the Rev. C. F. R. Palmer. 

Vol. xli., 1884. 

374. List of Churches of Austin Canons which were purely 
Conventual. By the Rev. John F. Hodgson, M.A. 

Besides the volumes of the Arcliceological Journal, which have 
appeared from year to year, nine volumes have been issued by the 
Institute, 1845-53, relating more particularly to the history and 
antiquities of Winchester, York, Norwich, Lincoln, Salisbury, 
Oxford, Bristol, Newcastle, and Chichester, in which places Meetings 
have been held. The contents of the "Bristol Volume," which 
was published in 1853, by George Bell, 186, Fleet Street, London, 
are as follows : 

1. General Report of the Proceedings at the Bristol Meeting, 
1851 ; with Professor Willis' Discourse on Wells Cathedral, Mr. 
Godwin's Discourse on St. Mary Redcliffe, and Remarks on 
Bristol Cathedral by the Rev. Eccles John Carter, M.A. 

2. Catalogue of Antiquities exhibited in the Temporary Museum. 

3. Memoir of the Municipal Antiquities of Bristol. By Thomas 
Garrard, Chamberlain of Bristol. 

4. On the Connection of Bristol with the Party of De Montfort. 
By Samuel Lucas, M.A. 

5. On some Public Transactions in Bristol in the reigns of 
Henry VI. and Edward IV. By William Tyson, F.S.A. 



292 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

6. The St. Nicholas of the Tower. By the same. 

7. On British and Eoman Remains ; illustrating communi- 
cations with Venta Silurum, Antient Passages of the Bristol 
Channel, and Antonine's Iter XIV. By George Ormerod, D.C.L., 
F.R.S. 

8. The Descent of the Earldom of Gloucester. By John Gough 
Nichols, F.S.A. 

9. Contributions to the History of Bristol, from Documents 
preserved in the Chapter House, Westminster. By Joseph Burtt. 

10. Observations on the Statue of the Dying Gladiator at Rome, 
By James Yates, F.R.S. 

11. Address on the Opening of the Architectural Section. By 
J. H. Markland, D.C.L., F.R.S., S.A., President. 

12. On the Desecrated and Destroyed Churches of Bristol. By 
John Bindon. 

13. Notes, Historical and Architectural, of the Priory of Domini- 
cans, Bristol. By E. W. Godwin. 

14. On the Painted Glass at Bristol, Wells, Gloucester, and 
Exeter. By C. Winston. 

15. Sepulchral Monuments of Bristol. By J. A. Clark. 

16. Ancient Coffin-slab in St. Philip's Church, Bristol. By E, 
W. Godwin. 

17. Sherborne Minster, Dorsetshire. By the Rev. John L. Petit. 

18. Sepulchral Monuments in Bristol and Wells Cathedrals, and 
the Churches of Yatton and Bitton ; with Notices of the Tomb of 
Judge Cradock and the Families of Newton and De Bitton. By 
the Rev. Henry T. Ellacombe, F.S.A. 

19. Notices of Decorative Pavement Tiles, especially those with 
Heraldic Bearings, existing in Somersetshire Churches. By 
Lewis Way. 

20. An Account of the First Octavo Edition of Tyndale's " Newe 
Testament." By the Rev. James Lee Warner, M.A. 

BlBLIOGEAPHEE. 

1245. ICOMB PLACE: TERRIER, 1726. (See No. 174.) The 
following is a copy of the terrier to John George's map of Icomb 
Place,* taken in the year 1726, before the estate was divided: 

A. R. P. A. R. P. 

Gawcomb Coppice 21 3 05 

Court House and Garden 01 2 35 

Farm House, Garden, and Close 00 2 22 



Meadow 24 22 

Lower Gawcomb 24 00 

Wood Close 04 1 25 

* The reader is referred to a very good paper on " Icomb Place," by the Rev. David Royce, 
M.A., m the Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society (1882-83), voL 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 293 

A. R. P. A. R. P. 

Calves Close 04 07 

Dovehouse Close 02 3 11 

Two Earn Closes 06 1 02 

Deer Park 51 00 

Smith's Meadow 11 2 24 

George's Meadow 15 1 18 

Middle Field 33 2 30 

Long Meadow 20 3 00 

Hog Meadow 24 2 26 

Shepherd's Close 24 3 15 

Rushey Ground ... 29 1 00 

Parson's Meadow... 07 3 02 



260 2 22 

Grounds alternately arable and to be laid down 
with cinfoil or grass seeds respectively 

Mount Court Hill 35 03 

Farther Court Hill 66 3 07 

Hither Court Hill 49 2 00 

Upper Gawcomb 17 3 15 

New Tin dings 15 29 

Ewe Park 32 2 24 

Horse Pasture 19 1 08 

Shear Hog Park 63 2 37 

The Orchard 01 2 17 

Cherry Orchard 00 2 08 

Church Piece 11 07 

Bushey Ground 37 22 

Upper Dry Leason 17 13 

Lower Dry Leason 10 24 

Coppice Meadow 07 2 10 

The Timber Grove 12 2 16 



397 3 00 

Total... 682 2 04 
A. W. 

1246. THE MANOR OP ALVESTON. In the Athenaeum, October 
3, 1885, there is a review of the first part of Sir John Maclean's 
Historical and Genealogical Memoir of the Family of Poyntz 
(privately printed, Exeter, 1885); and the reviewer has given an 
account of the manor of Alveston, to which our attention has been 
called, and which is transferred to these pages for more convenient 
reference. We agree with him in his opinion, that the work " shows 
great industry and research, and that genealogists will welcome the 



294 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

appearance of the promised continuation, which should bring down 
the history of the Poyntz family to the period of its extinction at 
the end of last century." EDITOR. 

The manor of Alveston is of more than usual interest from 
having belonged to King Harold, and from being the manor where 
Fulk fitz Warine the hero of the chessboard story turned the 
king's highway through his hall so that he might be able to press 
his hospitality on all foreigners travelling in his neighbourhood. 

Domesday, under " Gloucestershire " and " Terra Regis," states 
that "in Langelei Hundred Earl Herald held Alwestan. There 

were ten hides Kent twelve pounds [of silver] by weight." 

Apparently the manor remained in the Crown till the time of King 
Stephen, for the earliest extant Pipe Koll (31 Hen. I.) shows that 
the sheriff of Gloucestershire accounts in that year for seventy-two 
shillings profit from lucrative land taken into the park of Alwestan, 
and for eight shillings the tithe of the same land ; whilst in the 
next extant Pipe Roll (2 Hen. II.) the sheriff deducts ten pounds, 
"for lands that have been granted to Fulk fitz Warine in Alveston," 
from the amount that he confesses himself indebted to the Treasury 
as his farm of the county. This item in the sheriff's accounts is 

thus entered on the Pipe Rolls: "In t[er]ris datis Et Eulconi 

fil. Warini. x. li. bl. in Aloestan " A similar entry to this 

appears in all the extant Pipe Rolls of Gloucestershire from that 
date to 6 Edw. II., in which year the customary method of making 
up the Gloucestershire Pipe was altered, and the Corpus Commitatus 
(or the old farm of the county with the customary allowances of 
the sheriffs) was recorded once for all in a small separate roll, to 
which the Gloucestershire sheriffs thenceforth always referred at 
the commencement of their annual accounts. In this roll the 
Crown grant of the park and manor of "Alweston" to Fulk fitz 
Warine is mentioned for the last time, in the same terms that it had 
always been mentioned in the Pipe Rolls throughout the preceding 
century and a half. 

Though the method in which the Gloucestershire sheriff's made 
out their accounts for the Exchequer seems to suggest that Alveston 
remained in the undisturbed possession of the Fitz Warines from 
the time of King Stephen, it is only natural to suppose that it was 
escheated, along with the other possessions of the Fitz Warines, 
when Fitz Warine was outlawed by King John. This view is 
confirmed by the fact that the Close Roll of 16 John proves the 
manor of Alweston to have been granted in that year to Theodore 
the Teuton, to hold during the king's pleasure; and is further 
confirmed by the fact that the Close Roll of 5 Hen. III. sets out a 
brief from the king to the constable of Bristol, directing the latter 
to surrender the custody of the king's park and manor of Aleweston 
to Richard Hunter, letting him have full seisin thereof as he had 
in the time of King John. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 295 

There is no clear evidence as to when the Fitz Warines recovered 
Alveston, but their principal possession, the castle of Whittington, 
was restored to them in 7 Hen. III. ; and possibly they regained 
possession of Alveston at the same time. At any rate, on the 
15th of January, 1230, King Henry III. granted a charter of 
confirmation to Fulk fitz Warine arid his heirs of the park of 
Aleweston, &c., which he holds from the king, he and his heirs 
paying to the king and his heirs for the same the same services that 
he then rendered. 

In 15 Edw. I., as appears from the Placita de Quo Warranto, 
Constance de Tony was summoned for holding view of frankpledge 
and waif in her manor of Alewestan, and she pleads that "she 

holds the aforesaid view, &c in dower of the inheritance of 

Fulk fitz Warine." In 3 Edw. II. a later Fulk fitz Warine obtained 
the king's licence to grant his manor of Aleweston to Walter of 
Gloucester, to hold the same in capite for the terra of the latter's 
life. Walter of Gloucester was then escheator citra Trentam, and 
had previously been sheriff of Somerset and Dorset for six years. 
Atkyns, in his History of Gloucestershire, calls him a younger son 
of Fulk fitz Warine, but though this statement is possibly correct, 
we have failed to verify it from the records. Walter of Gloucester 
died seised of the manor of Alveston in 4 Edw. II., and his son 
Walter also died seised of two-thirds thereof in 16 Edw. II., 
the remaining third being held in dower by Margaret Waryn. 
Sir Walter fitz Walter of Gloucester, the son and heir of the 
last-named owner of Alveston, died seised thereof in 34 Edw. III., 
having previously obtained (in 14 Edw. III.) the king's licence to 
hold in capite " the manor of Alweston with its appurtenants, which 
Walter of Gloucester, the grandfather of the aforesaid Walter fitz 
Walter of Gloucester, acquired in fee from Fulk fitz Warine with- 
out the licence of the lord the king." A fine recorded in 16 Edw. 
III. shows that Walter fitz Walter of Gloucester after his marriage 
with Petronilla (Corbet) settled the manors of Alveston and 
Erdecote and the hundred of Langele on himself and his wife for 
their joint lives and the life of the survivor of them, with remainder 
to their joint issue, and in default of such issue with remainder 
to (his father-in-law) Peter Corbet of Syston (Siston in Gloucester- 
shire) and his heirs. 

Under this settlement Petronilla Corbet, Sir Walter's widow, 
died seised of Alveston, Erdecote, and Langley, in December, 1362, 
leaving Peter her son and heir ; her father, Sir Peter (who in a 
deed of 8 Edw. III. is called Peter Corbet of Caus, lord of Siston), 
having predeceased her in the previous month, leaving his grandson 
John fitz William Corbet his heir. In September, 1370, John fitz 
William Corbet died seised of two-thirds of Alveston, Erdecote, 
and the hundred of Langley, held in capite (as well as of the manor 
of Siston, held by knight's service from the bishop of Bath), leaving 
his brother William his heir. Hence it appears that Peter of 



296 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Gloucester must have predeceased his cousin without issue, and that 
the manors he held in capite must have become vested in the heir 
of Sir Peter Corbet by virtue of the remainder created by Sir 
Walter fitz Walter of Gloucester. William fitz William Corbet 
made proof of age in 1 Eichd. I., and died seised of Siston and 
of two- thirds of Alveston, &c., in the following year, leaving his 
sister Margaret, the wife of William Wyriot, his sole heir ; Alice, 
the widow of Peter of Gloucester, being then seised (in dower) of 
the remaining third of this property. In the same regnal year that 
William Corbet died his sister Margaret and her husband William 
Wyriot settled these manors on themselves and their joint heirs. 
She can have had no surviving issue by her first husband in 
6 Eichd. II., when she and her second husband, Gilbert Denys, 
obtained the king's licence to settle the manors of Alveston and 
Erdecote and the hundred of Langley on themselves and their joint 
issue. Sir Gilbert Denys (possibly the son of the above-named 
Gilbert) died seised of the same manors and hundred (as well as of 
the manor of Siston) in 10 Hen. V., leaving Maurice his son and 
heir. Maurice Denys made proof of age in 10 Hen. VI., and 
afterwards married as his third wife Alice, daughter of Sir Nicholas 
Poyntz of Iron Acton. 

The manor of Alveston, the descent of which we have thus 
followed for more than three centuries, remained in the possession 
of the Dennis family until the reign of Queen Elizabeth. We 
should not have given its early history in such detail had not 
various other manors been suggested by different writers as the one 
at which according to the anonymous chronicler Fulk fitz Warine 
turned the highway through his hall. 

1247. THE TETBURY HORSE-EACES, 1716-20. The following 
original documents relative to horse-racing at Tetbury in the early 
part of the last century will prove interesting to many : 



Articles for a Plate of ten pounds value to be run* for at Tetbury, 
in the County of Gloucester, the second day of August, 1716. 

1. Every Horse to be enter'd by Joseph Webb of the White 
Hart in Tetbury, & kept there seven days before they run. 

2. Every horse that runs to have been kept within ten miles of 
Tetbury three Months before, and that to be proved to the satis- 
faction of the said Joseph Webb and the Subscribers there p'sent 
before he shall be admitted to enter. 

3. Every horse that runs to carry ten stone weight, bridle and 
saddle included, and every horse that exceeds fourteen hands to 
carry weight for inches. 

4. Every horse that is enterred to pay half a Guinea for enterring. 

5. The horse that wins two heats and saves his distance the 
third, shall have the plate. But if three different horses win three 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 297 

different heats, the horse that wins the fourth heat shall have the 
plate. 

6. Every horse that starts to be sold for 15 Guineas if any of 
the Subscribers insist upon it. 

7. No Subscriber shall have any Benefit of throwing for a horse 
that has not subscribed half a Guinea. 

8. No horse, mare, or gelding to be excluded from running that 
will submit to the aforesaid conditions. 

9. The horses to start at half an hour after four in the afternoon, 
and to leave the posts on the right hand, and to run twice the 
Course every heat. 

10. If any dispute shall arise concerning the running of any 
horse, or any thing else relating to the premisses, it is to be deter- 
mined by the majority of the Subscribers then & there p'sent. 

Berkshire, 2 Guineas, 
W. White, 1 Guinea, 
M r Packer, 1 Guinea, 
M r Poole, 1 Guinea, 
M r Webb, Jun r , 10 s 9 d , 
Tho s Deacon, Jun r , 10 8 9 d . 

ii. 

Articles for a Plate of 20Z. value to be run for by Hunters upon 
Tetbury Warren, in y e County of Gloucest r , on Monday, the 24 th 
day of September next. 

1. Every Hors to be enter'd by Nathaniell Thomas of y e Star in 
Tetbury, & to be kept in y e town seaven days before they run. 

2. Every Hors y* runs to carry twelve stone weight, bridle & 
saddle included. 

3. Every Hors y* is enter'd to pay one Guinea for ent'ring. 

4. The Wining Hors to be sold for 50Z. if requir'd by a Subscriber. 

5. No Hors, Mare, or Gelding to have any share in this Plate y fc 
ever won y e value of 5?. in Plate or Money. 

6. The Hors y* wins 2 Heats & saves his distance y e 3 d Heat, 
shall have y e Plate. But if 3 different Horses wins 3 different 
Heats, y c Hors y fc wins y e 4 th heat shall have y e Plate. 

7. The Horses to start at 4 in y e afternoon, & to leave y e posts on 
y e right Hand, & run twice round y e Course every heat. 

8. If any dispute shall arise concerning y e runing of any Hors, 
or any thing else relateing to y e premisses, it is to be determin'd by 
y e majority of y e Subscribers then & there p'sent. 

(To be continued.) 

1248. THE BLAKE FAMILY. In St. Stephen's Church, Bristol, 

there is a marble tablet with the following inscription : " Near this 

place, in the same vault with his father and mother, William and 

Kebecca Blake, lie the remains of Richard Blake, Esq re , who died 

VOL. in. x 



298 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

August 6 th , 1829, aged 69." And above, on a small tablet, is an 
inscription to his widow, Anne Augusta, described as the daughter 
of the Very Eev. Charles Harward, of Hayne, Co. Devon, Dean of 
Chichester, &c. She died Nov r 4th, 1847, aged 84. Arms Ar. a 
chev. between 3 garbs sa. empaling gu. a cross crosslet or. Crest 
On a cap of maintenance gu. turned up erm. a martlet sa. 

In St. Werburgh's Church, Bristol, there was this inscription : 
" To the memory of M r Eichard Blake, many years an inhabitant 
of this parish, who died the 3 rd day of January, 1771, aged 70. 
In the same vault where his remains are deposited, also are interred 
Mary Blake, his mother, Samuel and Mary Greenway, whose only 
daughter he married, and five of his children, who died in their 
infancy. Likewise the remains of Mary, his wife, who died the 
21 st October, 1781, aged 82." 

In Chipping Sodbur}'- Church there are (or were) the following 
inscriptions : 

" To the memory of his father, Eichard Blake, late of this 
town, and of his brothers Joseph and Samuel, whose remains are 
interred near this place. This monument is erected by Eichard 
Blake, of the city of Bristol." 

" In memory of Eichard Blake, Sen r , who was buried April 19 th , 
A.D. 1724, aged 78." 

" In memory of Joseph Blake, son of Eichard and Mary Blake, 
of this borough, who deceased the 18 th day of May, A.D. 1715, in 
the 23 rd year of his age." 

" Thomas Coombe died Sept r 26 th , 1724, aged 42. Joanna Coombe, 
his wife, died Feb? 27, 1748-9, aged 63. Joanna Blake, relict of 
Eobert Blake, and daughter of Thomas and Joanna Coombe, 
died April 20 th , 1790, aged 82." 

From Aubrey's Collections for North Wilts I find that Eobert 
Hungerford, of Studley, near Calne, by his will (1754) bequeathed 
his parsonage of Avon (between Chippenham and Christian 
Malford) to his nephew George, afterwards of Studley, for his life 
in tail to Eobert Blake, of Sodbury, who had married one of 
his nieces. 

In St. John's Church, Glastonbury, there was an inscription to 
Elizabeth, the wife of Francis Blake, 'of Clifton, Gent. ; she died 
Jan. 1st, 1736, aged 50. This Francis Blake died at Glastonbury 
in 1768, having been ten times mayor of that borough, from 1717 
to 1768. He had a son William, who predeceased him, having 
resided in the parish of Clifton. 

I shall be glad to be supplied with any information relative to 
any of these Blakes, and particularly as to the parentage of 
Francis and Elizabeth Blake, and whether they were connected with 
the Bristol and Gloucestershire family. Francis was, I know, 
related to the Blakes of Spaxton, Somerset, and bore for arms, Ar. 
a chev. between 3 garbs, sa. EDWARD FRY WADE. 

Axbridge, Somerset. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 299 

1249. Cox FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER. I shall be glad of any 
information regarding a family of this name who lived at Gloucester 
about the beginning of the sixteenth century. In a curious manu- 
script history of the Cox family, in the possession of the present 
Lieut. -Col. Kichard Snead Cox, of Broxwood Court, Herefordshire, 
it is mentioned that John Cox, Esq. (living in the time of Henry VII, 
and whose father was killed at the battle of Tewkesbury), had by 
his second wife (daughter of Edward Harrowden, Esq.) a daughter 
Helen, who became the wife of Thomas Cox, Esq., of the county 
of Gloucester, and was the mother of Coxo Cox and six daughters. 
Sir Richard Cox (grandson of the above-named John, and master 
of the buckhounds to King James I.) married a daughter of 
his cousin, Coxo Cox, a physician at Gloucester, and half-brother of 

Cox, a woollen draper of the same place. Mention is also 

made of Edward Cox, who succeeded his great-uncle in the business 
of a clothier in Gloucestershire; he was very loyal to King Charles I., 
to whom he lent so large a sum of money that he impoverished 
himself and his family. This Edward Cox is said to have left three 
sons, Eichard, John, and Daniel. 

As the name of Cox is very prevalent in the county, I am curious 
to know whether any of the existing families of the name can trace 
their descent from the above-named Coxes of Gloucester. I may 
add that Sir Richard Cox (temp. Jas. I.) bore for his arms, Or. three 
bars azure, in a canton argent, a lion's head erased, gules. His 
direct representative is the above-named Lieut.-Col. R. S. Cox, of 
Broxwood Court. 

The following extracts from letters addressed by Gregory Martin, 
a Roman Catholic divine, to Edmund Campion, S.J., may throw 
some light on the Coxes of Gloucester: 

(From Douay, Feb. 8, 1575.) 

"Libros tuos quos Hollandus custodiebat, ipse curavit cum 
meis nonnullis ad bibliothecam suam Glocestrensem apud Coxuin 
sororium suum transferendos. Catalogus eorum apud me est, sed 
ut ille ait, mala fide propter ignorantiam descriptus, neque omnes 
tuos neque solos continens." 

(From Rome, May 21, 1578.) 

" Scripsit ad me nuper Hollandus noster, paulo ante ex Anglia 
reversus, meos libros et tuos, quotquot hseresi aliqua erant infecti, a 
se esse combustos, in domo sororii sui D. Coxi." Q Q p 

Woodchester. 

1250. AN ANCIENT GLOUCESTERSHIRE CUSTOM. The Standard 
of January 6, 1879, in an article on Twelfth Day, says : " At 
Pauntley, in Gloucestershire, and the surrounding neighbourhood, 
the servants of each farmer formerly assembled together in one of 
the fields that had been sown with grain. Twelve fires with straw 
were then made in a row, around one of which, much larger than 
the rest, the servants drank a cheerful glass of cider to their 



300 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND ^QUERIES. 

master's health and success to the future harvest. Afterwards, on 
their return home, they feasted on cakes soaked in cider, which 
they claimed as their reward for sowing the grain." Can any 
reader state whether this custom is still observed ? j ^ 

A reference to No. 783 (vol. ii., p. 362) will show that this 
" custom, savouring of the Scotch Bel-tein, prevails in Gloucester- 
shire, particularly about Newent and the neighbouring parishes." 

EDITOR. 

1251. "As MAD AS A HATTER." Has this familiar saying any 
reference to William Ashman, the hatter, of Horsley, Gloucester- 
shire, who asserted that he had discovered the " perpetual motion ;" 
that he possessed a self-acting machine of his own invention, which, 
when once set going, would continue so till worn out, and that it 
was applicable to the greatest objects and most useful purposes ? 
Fosbrooke communicated this statement to Sir Joseph Banks, and 
to the Gentleman's Magazine (1800), vol. Ixx., pt. ii., p. 1128. 

J. H. F. 

1252. EIGHTS OF THE DUGHY OF LANCASTER TENANTS. The 
following appeared in the Bristol Times of February 4, 1882 : 
" A meeting of landowners in the Duchy of Lancaster was held at 
Gloucester on Saturday. Many parts of Gloucestershire are in 
" the Duchy," and under a very ancient charter the tenant-farmers 
have a right to sell their cattle and horses in all markets without 
paying toll, and have also other privileges. It seems that at 
Hereford a new cattle-market has been provided, and as it is 
contended there that under an Act of Parliament all exceptions are 
abolished, one of the Duchy men has been compelled to pay toll. 
It was resolved that one of the claimants should attend the market, 
and, if toll was demanded, that he should pay it under protest, 
and the question be raised in a court of law. Similar cases have 
been decided in favour of the Duchy men, but it seems that the 
question would now be whether a local Act has abolished the 
ancient right The holders under the Duchy have funds, part of 
which at least was paid by the city of Gloucester for the extinction 
of some privileges." 

It would be interesting to learn the result, which does not appear 
to have been published in the above-named journal j ^ 

1253. " REDCROSS " STREET, WHY so CALLED ? In old cities, 
or rather outside the walls which encompassed them, we sometimes 
find a street known by the above name. We find one in London, 
Liverpool, and Bristol. Consult a glossary, survey, or itinerary, 
and the explanation given is that a cross once stood there; the 
same applying to Whitecross Street. The habit of the Knights 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 301 

Templars was a long white mantle, to which was subsequently 
added a red cross on the left shoulder. Spenser's Red Cross 
knight 

" on his breast a bloodie cross he bore, 
The dear remembrance of his dying Lord." 

But I cannot see how the name of these streets can be connected 
with the Templars. The street in Bristol is at a considerable 
distance from their old quarters, and separated by a river ; in 
London the distance is greater. In the first Crusade the soldiers 
all wore red crosses, but the French alone retained that colour, 
although some zealous folk certainly carried their zeal to a high 
pitch when they imprinted the holy mark on their skin with a red 
hot iron. Is the word red only a corruption of rood ? Will some- 
one kindly explain the origin of " Kedcross " as applied to streets 1 

HENRY G. BUTTERWORTH. 

1254. THORNBROUGH FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER, WORCESTER, 
AND WILTS. Admiral Sir Edward Thornbrough, G.C.B., living at 
Gloucester in 1805, married 2ndly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Edwin 
Jeynes of that place. Sir Edward's sister Maria married, circa 
1779, Thomas Parker, surgeon, also of Gloucester. He (Sir 
Edward) was the only son, born at Plymouth Dock, 27 July, 1754, 
of Commander Edward . Thornbrough, R.N. His only surviving 
son, Admiral Edward Le Cras Thornbrough, married Emily Eaikes, 
daughter of Daniel Garrett, and granddaughter of Robert Raikes, 
the founder of Sunday Schools. 

Sir Edward, whose branch is extinct in the male line, was 
descended from John Thornborough, bishop of Bristol, and after- 
wards of Worcester, and from Thornbrough, a courtier 

temp. Queen Elizabeth, who was buried in Westminster Abbey, 
with the inscription " Here lies an honest Courtier." 

Particulars of descent from them, or extracts from parish 
registers relating to Thornbrough, are requested. g f 

Antigonishe, Nova Scotia. 

1255. SPARROW FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE. A corres- 
pondent has inquired in Watford's Antiquarian (December, 1885), 
vol. viii., p. 295 : Can any reader give any information as to 
what arms and crest were borne by the Sparrow family, living 
about Avening and Stroud in Gloucestershire in 1617 to 1650? 
Also, whether there are any members of that family living in 
Gloucestershire now, and if so, what are their armorial bearings 1 

1256. THE BATTLE OF TEWKESBURY AND THE DEATH OF 
EDWARD PRINCE OF WALES, 1471. As bearing on the disputed 
question of the circumstances of the death of Prince Edward at, 
or after, the battle of Tewkesbury, the following extract from The 



302 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Past on Letters (Arber's reprint, edited by James Gairdner), vol. iii., 
p. 8, may be of interest, as I do not remember to have met with a 
reference to it in any description of the fight : 

"A.D, 1471, 4 May. 
The Battle of Tewkesbury. 
[From MS. Phillipps 9735, No. 279.] 

The following paper is in a contemporary handwriting, and 
undoubtedly refers to the battle of Tewkesbury : 

Ded in the Feld. 

Edward that was called Prynce. 

Lord John of Somerset. 

Erie of Devenshire. 

Lord Wenlok. 

Sir William Vans. 

Sir Edmond Hamden. 

Sir John Seymour. 

Sir William Bermoth. 

Water Barrow. 

Mr. William Henmar. 

Mr. Feldyng.* 

Hervy, recorder.! 
Mr. Kerry, capteyn of Brystowe. 
Sir Koberte Whetyngham. 

Knoyll." 

Then follows a list of eighteen names, headed "Thes be men 
that were heveded " (beheaded) ; and then another list of forty-three 
names, headed "Thes be the Knyghtes that the Kyng mad in 
the Feld." 

Holinshed, when compiling his Chronicles about a century later, 
had before him various earlier, and even contemporary narratives of 
the battle, such as the "Historie of the Arm vail of Edward IV. in 
England and the finall Recouerye of his Kingdomes from Henry VI., 
A.D. 1471" (Camden Society's Publications, vol. i.).J This was 
written by a servant of Edward IV., who states that he "presently 
saw in effect a greate parte of his exploytes, and the resydewe 
knewe by true relation of them that were present at every tyme ; " 
by Holinshed it is occasionally copied almost word for word, 
while a MS. in the Public Library of Ghent is stated to be an 
abridgement of it. Now, the " Historie " states that " in the 
wynnynge of the fielde such as abode hand-stroks were slayne incon- 

* Sir William Fielding, according to Warkworth's Chronicle, 

f These words, " Hervy, recorder," are written over " Herry, capteyn," as a correction ; but 
the latter are not erased. Warkworth mentions Sir Nicholas Hervy. 

$ This earliest and important work of the Camden Society, printed in 1838, was appropri- 
ated in 1845 by the anonymous compiler of a book entitled The Chronicles of the White Rose of 
York, without asking the consent of the editor, Mr. John Bruce, or the concurrence of the 
Society. ED. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 303 

tinent ; Edward, called Prince, was taken, fleinge to the towne wards, 
and slayne in the fielde ; " and the Ghent MS. gives " Edward, called 
Prince of Wales," amongst those killed in the battle. Holinshed, 
as is well known, states that the prince, having been captured by 
Sir Eichard Crofts, was handed over by him to the king on the 
faith of the latter's proclamation that the captive's life should be 
spared, and that the king " demanded of him how he durst pre- 
sumptously enter into his realm with banner displayed. Where-^ 
unto the prince boldly answered, saying, ' To recover my father's 
kingdom and heritage from his grandfather to him, and from him 
after him to me lineally descended.' At which words King Edward 
said nothing, but with his hand thrust him from him, or (as some 
say) stroke him with his gauntlet, whom directly George duke of 
Clarence, Eichard duke of Gloucester, Thomas Grey marquis Dorset, 
and William lord Hastings, that stood by, cruelly murdered." 

There is thus a direct conflict of testimony between at least one 
contemporary authority whom Holinshed appears to have consulted, 
and others, contemporary or not, whom he must have followed in 
preference, whether on impartial grounds or regardless of the 
probability that "the writers of the time of Henry VII. forgot 
nothing which was calculated to blacken the character of Eichard 
III., either as duke or king, or render the House of York odious."* 
The well-informed writer just quoted adds, " We would gladly 
adduce any evidence that Prince Edward was killed with his face 
to the foe on the Gastons' field, but it is not forthcoming;" a 
remark which first suggested to me the idea of the present com- 
munication after two visits to the battle-field with his narrative as 
my companion. F T TUCKETT. 

Frenchay, Bristol. 

1257. DISCOVERY OF A SAXON CHAPEL AT DEERHURST. 
(See No. 1196.) Mr. J. Henry Middleton, E.S.A., of Cheltenham, 
has sent the following communication to the Academy (September 
26, 1885), from which it is transferred to these pages : 

The Saxon building which has just been discovered at Deerhurst, 
near Tewkesbury, is not a house, as has been reported, but a very 
complete little chapel, with nave 25ft. 6in. by 16ft., and chancel 
I4ft. by lift. The chancel arch is a fine example of the Saxon 
style, with plain semicircular arch and well-moulded' impost. Part 
ef the north door still exists, and one very perfect round-headed 
window, with double splay and part of its original oak casement 
built into its head ; its sill is 10ft. 6in. above the ground. The 
plain walling of the chapel much resembles Eoman work, being 
built of long, thin pieces of blue lias, with mortar joints from one 
to two inches thick. This was all covered with stucco inside and 
out, the quoins and other dressed stones being set with a projection 

* See a very interesting and careful narrative, entitled Descriptive Particulars of the Battle 
of Tewkesbury, etc., North, Tewkesbury, 1885. 



304 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of about half a inch to receive the plastering. In the sixteenth 
century a fine half-timbered house was built so as to enclose and 
conceal the Saxon chapel ; and it was only the removal of some of 
this later work last month that brought to view the Saxon masonry, 
the presence of which had not been suspected. Perhaps the chief 
feature of interest about this place is the existence of an inscribed 
slab, which, with the missing part supplied, would probably read 
thus : 

[IN] HONG In honorem Sancti 

[BE -_S P]ETRI Petri Apostoli hoc 

[APLI ] HOC 

[ALTA]_RE_; DE altare dedicatum 

DICATV El est. 

This chapel, with an adjoining house, is known to have been 
granted to the abbey of Westminster by Edward the Confessor ; 
and, in fact, it continued in their possession till quite recent years, 
when it was taken over by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, 
together with the rest of the abbey estates. The form of the letters 
on this slab resembles those of another inscription relating to the 
building of the priory church of Deerhurst, which is now amonjj 
the Arundel Marbles at Oxford. This latter inscription is dated 
1056, which is probably about the same date as the one relating to 
the altar of this chapel. An early canon required an inscription to 
be set near every altar, recording to what saint it was consecrated ; 
but, in later times, this rule fell into disuse, and the slab appears to 
have been used for the head of an Early English window, the arch 
of which was cut out of it, thus causing the destruction of the first 
part of some of the lines. The completion of the missing part of the 
inscription is due to Mr. J. T. Micklethwaite. I may mention that 
I am preparing a paper on this chapel, with illustrative drawings, 
which I hope to lay before the Society of Antiquaries next session. 

In No. 1196 of your Notes and Queries you give currency to a 
statement, which has the appearance of proceeding from me, to the 
effect that in the year 1691 Deerhurst Church was repaired at the 
cost of 2,000. This strange mistake, which I have had to correct 
before in the local newspaper which first published it, was not of 
my making. The real state of the case is, that the amount produced 
by the assessment, to which reference is made in your notice, was 
not 2,000, but a little over 5 !* The interest attaching to the 
carefully prepared assessment-list is, that we have in it the names, 
and the description of the holdings, of all the occupiers in the 
parish in 1691, amounting to nearly 100. Sir John Powell, Knight, 
heads the list with a few shillings, and it descends to such " rude 
forefathers of our hamlet" as paid the sum of one penny each 
towards the repair of their parish church. 

* We have here an instance of the risk of placing too implicit a reliance upon newspaper 
statements of the kind in question. ED. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 305 

Since the first notice respecting the discovery at Deerhurst of 
Saxon remains was penned by me, more light has been thrown upon 
the actual nature of the ancient edifice. 

There can be no doubt now that the building was formerly a 
chapel. It consists of two portions, nave and chancel, divided by 
a chancel-arch of very solid construction, the width between jamb 
and jamb being 6ft. 6in. 

It was probably a chapel attached to a manor house belonging to 
Westminster Abbey. 

The first conjecture, that the building was a portion of a dwelling- 
house, and had an upper floor, must now be withdrawn. The 
extreme exterior length of the chapel is 46ft. : the width of the nave 
21ft.; the thickness of the walls being about 2^ft. : the height of 
the walls is 17ft. 

One important piece of evidence which led to an early abandon- 
ment of the first premature conclusion about the nature of the 
edifice was the following. Built into a portion of the adjoining 
farm premises, an inscribed stone has been discovered, which was 
evidently the dedication slab of an altar. Unfortunately, the stone 
has had its centre cut away, and hopelessly destroyed ; enough, 
however, remains of the inscription to prove its real nature and 
purport. It appears to have run thus, the letters still preserved 
being put by me in capitals : 

in HONG 
re sanctE TRI 
nitatis HOC 
altarE_I)E_ 
dicATV E. 

Such dedication slabs are said to be extremely rare in England, 
since the early canon of A.D. 816, directing them to be made 
upon the erection of every altar, became before long a dead letter. 

But now the discovery of a chapel of pre-Norman date, which 
contained an altar dedicated to the Holy Trinity, leads us to some- 
thing further. On extremely good evidence it is known that it was 
close to the site of the chapel that in 1675 a stone was discovered 
with an inscription recording the erection in the year 1056 of some 
sacred building dedicated to the Holy Trinity. It was but natural 
heretofore to refer conjecturally this well-known inscription to 
Deerhurst Church, which is indisputably of very early date. But, 
as matters now stand, the recently discovered chapel may well pub 
forward a claim to it. It is Bishop Gibson, who, in his edition of 
Camden's Britannia (1695), relates that Judge Powell dug up the 
stone in an orchard adjoining his house his house being Abbot's 
Court, of which the ancient chapel forms the Central portion. 
What if the two inscribed stones, discovered apparently within a 
few paces of each other, but, as to time of finding, a couple of 
centuries apart, should be mutually related in the closest connexion ? 



306 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

I must now give the inscription of the earlier discovered stone, 
which is preserved in the Ashmolean Museum at Oxford 
$> Odda Dux jussit hanc 
regiam aulam construi atque 
dedicari in honore S Trinitatis 
pro aninia germani sui 
Elfrici que de hoc loco asftpta. 
Ealdredus vero Eps qui eandu 
dedicavit ij Idibus Apl 
xiiij aute annos regni 
Eadwardi Eegis Angloru. 

It will be noticed that " ecclesia " is not the word by which Earl 
Odda's erection is described, but " regia aula." Much has been said 
about this term. Authorities, such as Ducange, have abundant 
instances at hand showing that both " aula " and " regia " were in 
mediaeval Latin used, separately, for a church; but I do not happen 
myself to be acquainted with a single instance where the words are 
so employed in conjunction. 

It has been suggested that it is possible that the word " regia " 
qualifies, not the building, but the builder, and, in fact, glances at 
the condition of Odda, who may be considered to have been a sub- 
king in the days of his friend Edward the Confessor. 

Not very much seems discoverable as to Odda, apart from the 
character assigned him by the early chroniclers, and the time and 
place of his death. " A lover of churches " was he, and a man of 
nobility of mind. He died in 1056, at Deerhurst, it is stated in 
the Saxon Chronicle, a few months only after the dedication of his 
building, and was buried at Pershore. His brother Elfric, whose 
memory was honoured by Odda's munificence, had also died at 
Deerhurst three years earlier, and was buried at Pershore. It is like- 
wise stated in the chronicle that Odda was earl of Devon, and had 
jurisdiction as well over Somerset, Dorset, and part of Wales. But 
what the origin was of his connexion with the Gloucestershire 
portion of Mercia, I can nowhere discover. 

We have these facts to deal with. Odda built at Deerhurst a 
" regia aula " in 1056. In 1065 the Confessor signed a charter 
conveying the manor of Deerhurst to Westminster, and the chapel 
lately brought to light formed a portion of the abbot's house at 
Deerhurst. Although the charter was not signed, nor the abbey 
consecrated, before the end of the year 1065, it is known that 
during the fifteen previous years King Edward had been engaged in 
establishing his great foundation. 

Leland mentions that the manor of Deerhurst belonged to 
Pershore Abbey before it was given to Westminster ; but his 
assertion seems to conflict with evidence afforded by the Confessor's 
great Latin charter of 1065, taken in connexion with two undated 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 307 

Saxon charters of his (in which mention is made of both Deerhurst 
and Pershore), and with the language of Domesday. These four 
documents seem to show that Pershore Abbey never possessed the 
manor. Out of these materials a little ingenuity may succeed 
perhaps in constructing a consistent and satisfactory theory in 
respect of our recent discovery.* GEO< BUTTERWORTH. 

Deerhurst Vicarage, Tewkesbury. 

1258. SOME GENEALOGICAL QUERIES. I have undertaken to 
make, with a view to publication, some annotations upon " The 
Book of Eastern Claims," a precious MS., containing the earliest 
claims of our owners of estates who had been driven off by the 
successive Indian wars of 1676 and 1690. My plan contemplates 
giving the English origin and ancestry of all I can succeed in 
tracing back and connecting ; and I have had very nattering success 
in many instances. I wish to use the valuable medium of your 
magazine for such immigrants as I find to have emigrated from 
your neighbourhood j and as I take it that any information of your 
off-shoots will be acceptable to some of your readers, if not to all, 
I have embodied my queries in such concise form, and with such 
condensed information, as will render them suitable for your pages, 
and make them likely to attract the attention of antiquaries. I can 
perhaps render you a reciprocal service by sending you in advance 
sketches from my notes of the worthies for whom we may establish 
an international abode. We may thus cement the stronger the 
fraternal affection by shewing unsuspected relationships. 

WILLIAM M. SARGENT, M.A. 
34, Exchange Street, 

Portland, Maine, U.S.A. 

Sargent. Any information regarding persons of this name 
desired ; particularly to have the relationships disclosed by the 
following depositions made plainer from the records : 

July 17, 1652. "Deposition of Deborah [called in another 
place Rebecca], wife of Water [sic] Joy, aged about 27 years : that 
Thomas Warren, who dyed with Prince Eupert, was cousin gerrnan 
to W m Sargent, of Gloucester [Mass.], & that there is none nearer 
of kin in this country, & I being a little related, do desire 
W m Sargent may administer on the estate, and be accountable." 

July 27, 1652. " Zebulon [called in another place John] Hill, 
formerly living in Bristol in Old England, being here, testifieth 
that Thomas Wathing, son to Edmund Wathin, is cousin to 
W m Sargent, the said W m being his father's sister's son ; & that 
Thomas Wathing went with Kobert Gray in Capt. Walserves." 

Francis Robinson. He deposed, Sept. 7, 1670, that he was aged 
52 years [therefore born in 1618], and was resident inSaco (Maine) 
in 1631. 

* An article, entitled "The Newly-discovered Saxon Church at Deerhurst," has appeared in 
the Builder, November 21, 1885. ED. 



308 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Since he was only 13 when he came over, and was afterwards 
made executor of Thomas Williams' will, with whom he had lived, 
he may have heen a nephew. 

John, Roger, and Thomas Spencer. See under Hoolce, where 
Robert Knight is stated to have married a daughter of John 
Spencer. 

Hooke. William Hooke, who had a brother Francis Hooke, of 
Kittery (Maine), being one of the first patentees, 1645, was first of 
York (Maine), where he married Elinor, widow of Capt. Walter 
Norton, by whom, or by a former wife, he had a son William, who 
was of age in 1660 ; later the father was of Salisbury (Mass). In 
1649 he calls Humphrey Hooke, alderman of Bristol, "my father," 
and speaks of said father being in partnership with his brother 
William Hooke and Eobert Knight (Suffolk Kegistry, i. 117). 

Knight was afterwards here in New England, and married Ann, 
widow of Capt. Thomas Cromwell, who must have been a daughter 
of the above John Spencer. 

Parker. John Parker and Mary, his wife, were early settlers on 
the Kennebeck Eiver (Maine). Their children intermarried with 
the Webbers. 

Abraham Shurt, of Bristol. He deposed: "M r Gyles Elbridge 
and M r Alderman [Robert] Aid worth, merchants, of Bristol, in 
1626 sent over the deponent as their agent, and gave power to him 
to buy Monhegan [Island], which then belonged to M r Abraham 
Jennings, of Plymouth, and about 1629 there was sent over to him 
by Aldworth & Elbridge a patent for 12,000 acres at Pemaquid," &c. 

August 19, 1653, he calls himself of Charlestown (Mass.), and 
agent to Nicholas Davison, of that place. 

In 1679, a William Slu'rt was acting as recorder at Arrowsic 
Island, near Pemaquid. 

" Adam Shurt as an Attorney for his mother M rs Mary Shurt, 
pit., M r Edward Smale, def., in an accon of debt for 18< starling" 
(Court Records, March 6, 1647). 

Very little is known of this worthy pioneer Maine settler : one 
authority describes him as 80 years old in 1662; another gives his 
death in 1680, and in another place in 1690. 

Having just discovered the court record referred to above, I 
trust it will prove a clue to the records in Bristol and vicinity. I 
do not doubt the two abovenamed were his wife and son. 

Brown. "Feb. 21, 1658. Robert Allen, of Sheepscott River 
in New England [Maine], planter, came personally, &c., and deposed 
that for 17 years last past he well knew John Brown, of New 
Harbor in New England [the present town of Bristol, Maine], 
mason, who often told me that he was the son of Richard Brown, 
of Barton Regis in Gloucestershire in England, and that he married 
Margaret, daughter of Francis Hay ward, of Bristol. Said Brown 
was alive and in good health in New England last June." 

The above is said to be taken from your city records. In what 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 309 

-connection was it used? Is anything more disclosed? Cannot 
more be learned at Barton Regis ? 

Brown had four children here, where he first appears on record 
in 1625, in a grant from the Indians : 

1. Margaret, ra. Alexander Gould. 

2. Elizabeth, m. Richard Pearse (Pierce). 

3. John, m. Elizabeth Parsons, and had issue John. 

4. Emma, m. Nicholas Deming. 

"Were any of these born in England ? The son seems to have 
been born here in 1636. 

Can the Robert Allen, who made the foregoing statement, be 
placed in your vicinity? At about 1652 I find a John Allen, who 
had married Mary Gent, buying land at Sheepscot River (Maine) 
from the Indians. 

(To be continued.) 

1259. EXTRACTS FROM GLOUCESTERSHIRE " FEET OP FINES." 
The late Mr. T. W. Cattell,* of King Stanley, and myself, during 
the latter years of his life, made a vast number of extracts at the 
Public Record Office from the " Feet of Fines," chiefly relating to 
the county of Gloucester. Our practice, as shewn in the subjoined 
examples, was to put all the information in as brief a form as 
possible, and usually in English, whether the original was in Latin 
or not so that they are not exact transcripts which would have 
been useless but notes of all the essential particulars. I send an 
instalment of names mentioned, and shall be prepared to complete 
the index in future numbers. 

If any of your readers wish to have the facts stated with regard 
to any of the names thus given, I shall be very pleased to send 
them on application, as I am anxious that Mr. CattelTs untiring 
labours, as embodied in his manuscripts, which are in my possession, 
should be made as widely useful as possible. 

Knights Enham Rectory, Andover. K. H. CLUTTERBUCK. 

Gloucester: Trinity, 30 Hen. VIIL, 1538. 
Between Richard ffowler, que r , 

& Sir George West & Elizabeth, his wife, one of the 

daughters and heirs of Sir Robert Moreton, def ts . 
Of four messuages, 100 acres of land, 24 acres of meadow, 40 
toes of pasture, 40 acres of wood, and 20 shillings rent, with the 
app 8 in Pagenhull, Ruscombe, Rendweyke, Pydesmore, Ebley, and 
Stonehouse. 

Granted to Richard and his heirs by George and Elizabeth, for 
themselves and the heirs of the said Elizabeth. 

Warranted against all men. 100 

* For an obituary notice of Thomas William Cattell, Esq., see ante, vol. ii., p. 427. ED. 



310 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Gloucester : Hilary, 2 & 3 Edw. VL, 1548. 
Between John Sanford, que r , 

& Anthony Bourchier, Esq r , & Thomasine, his wife, def t5 . 

Of the site of the late priory of Leonard Stanley, 20 messuages, 
20 tofts, one water mill, one fulling mill, two dovecotes, 20 gardens, 
20 orchards, 500 acres of land, 60 acres of meadow, 300 acres of 
pasture, 60 acres of wood, 200 acres of furze and heath, and 20 
shillings rent, with the app 8 in Leonard Stanley, Alkerton 
al s Alkynton, Ebley, Wychester, Buckolde, ffrocetter, Cyowley, 
Erlyngham al s Orlingham, Colley, Colthorpe al s Colthrope, Aston, 
Berkeley, and of view of ffranc pledge, liberties, ffrancheses, and 
free warren in Leonard Stanley. Also of the rectory of Leonard 
Stanley, with the app 8 . Also of tythes of all manner of grain and 
hay in Leonard Stanley, Erlyngham al s Orlingham, Kyngescote, 
Beverston, and Yowley. Also of the advowson of the vicarage of 
Leonard Stanley. 

Granted by Anthony and Thomasine, for them and the heirs of the 
said Thomasine, to the said John and his heirs for ever. 

Warranted against Anthony and Thomasine and the heirs of the 
said Anthony for ever. 360 



List of Names mentioned. 



Aburge, 

Acourt, 

Adams, 

Addams, 

Adey, 

Adlam, 

Adys, 

Alcocke, 

Alday, 

Aldridge, 

Aleyn, 

Alflatt, 

Allday, 

Allen, 

Allibone, 

Andrew, 

Andrewes, 

Andrews, 

Anesley, 

Annys, 

Apparry, 

Apparrye, 

Applegarth, 

Ap Thomas, 

Aram, 



Archard, 

Arrowsmith, 

Arrundell, 

Arundel, 

Ascheby, 

Ashby, 

Ashton, 

Ashworth, 

Asshfyld, 

Aston (Lord), 

Atkins, 

Atkyns, 

Austen, 

Avenan, 

Awood, 

Awoode, 

Ayland, 

Ayleway, 

Ayres, 

Ayshcombe. 

Baber, 

Bache, 

Bailey, 

Baker, 

Balcrewe, 



Baldwyn, 

Ball, 

Ballard, 

Bancknett, 

Band, 

Bannynge, 

Barfoote, 

Barker, 

Barlowe, 

Barnard 

Barnard al s Barnund, 

Barrett, 

Barry, 

Bartlett, 

Barton, 

Bassingham, 

Bateman, 

Bates, 

Bathe, 

Bathurst, 

Batt, 

Bawcriffe, 

Bawser, 

Baylie, 

Bayly, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 311 



Bay n ham, 


Bloodworth, 


Broomhall, 


Bayse, 


Boardman, 


Broughton, 


Beale, 


Bockett, 


Browne, 


Beard, 


Boddenham, 


Browning, 


Beche, 


Body, 


Browninge, 


Bechins, 


Bollard, 


Brownynge, 


Beck, 


Bolton, 


Bryan, 


Bedford al s Reeves, 


Bond, 


Brydgeman, 


Belcher, 


Bonde, 


Bryers, 


Bell, 


Boucher, 


Bubb, 


Bendall, 


Bourchier, 


Bubbe, 


Bennett, 


Bourne, 


Buck, 


Bent, 


Bovey, 


Buckle, 


Berewe, 


Bower, 


Buckley, 


Bergavenny (Lord), 


Bowie, 


Bucknell, 


Berkeley, 


Bowlton, 


Bufford, 


Bernard, 


Bowre, 


Burge, 


Berrowe, 


Bowreman, 


Burges, 


Besbech, 


Boyce, 


Burnam, 


Bethell, 


Bradgate, 


Burnand, 


Biard, 


Bradley, 


Burnham, 


Bicke, 


Bradston, 


Burroughs, 


Bickerton, 


Braniston, 


Burstall, 


Bigg, 


Brathwaite, 


Burton, 


Biggestaffe, 


Braunche, 


Bush, 


Biliinge, 


Brereton, 


Bushell, 


Bilstone, 


Brewer, 


Buswell, 


Birkehead, 


Brewis, 


Butler, 


Birt, 


Brewster, 


Butt, 


Bishop, 


Bridge, 


Butte, 


Bishopp, 


Bridger, 


Butter, 


Bishoppe, 


Bridges, 


Butterwicke, 


Blackwell, 


Bridgman, 


Byck, 


Blagden, 


Brigeman, 


Bycke, 


Blanch, 


Briggeman, 


Bygge, 


Blanchard, 


Briggs, 


Byham, 


Blaunch, 


Briscoe, 


Byrd, 


Blaunche, 


Broade, 


Bysse. 


Bletsoe, 


Brodway, 




Bliss, 


Bromless (Earl of 




Blisse, 


Exeter), 




Blomer, 


Bromwich, 






(To be continued.) 





1260. WALFORD'S " GILDS OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE." It may be 
well to note that some of the gilds of this county have been 
wrongly placed under " Somersetshire " in one of the very inter- 
esting articles on "The History of Gilds," written by the late 



312 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

lamented Mr. Cornelius Walford, and recently published in 
Walford's Antiquarian, vol. viii., pp. 76-80. The [mistake was 
brought under Mr. Walford's notice, and he promptly replied, not 
many days* before his death, which was on the 28th of September, 
1885: "I am bound to tell you frankly that the placing the 
Bristol gilds under 'Somersetshire' is a pure piece of inadvertence. 
I assume that in arranging my materials I followed the late 
Mr. Toulmin Smith (but am not sure of this), and placed them in 
this order ; and after I had passed ' Gloucestershire ' it became too 
late to remedy the error. I must make some note of explanation 
in the index or elsewhere when the volume is ready for publication, 
the sheets being worked off as the articles appear. Xo apology is 
due on your part for looking after the boundaries of your county." 
The " Gilds of Gloucestershire " had duly appeared in alphabetical 
order in the magazine, vol. iv., pp. 242-246. " The History of 
Gilds " will probably be completed by Miss Louisa Toulmin Smith, 
and re-published in an octavo volume ; and accuracy of statement 
being essential, the foregoing correction will doubtless prove 
acceptable. With this sole object in view, it has been placed on 

record - ABHBA. 

1261. THE BARBER-SURGEONS OF GLOUCESTER. The following 
advertisement was published in the Gloucester Journal of December 
17, 1734 : 

Whereas several persons, near the city and in the county of 
Gloucester, do, contrary to law, exercise and follow the trade, 
occupation, or calling of a barber-surgeon, not having serv'd a 
legal apprenticeship thereto, to the great prejudice of the Company 
of Barber-Surgeons in the said city, and to others in the county 
who have served legal apprenticeships : We, the Master, Wardens, 
and Company of Barber-Surgeons in the said city, do, pursuant to 
an unanimous vote of our said Company, at a Hall duly call'd and 
held for that purpose, give this publick notice, that we have agreed, 
in order to redress such grievances, to prosecute all persons who 
shall, after the publication hereof, presume, illegally as abovesaid, 
to exercise or follow the said trade ; and to prevent the same, are 
ready for the future to assist and join in the prosecution of such 
offenders, against whom any barber-surgeons shall give information. 

Samuel Harris, Master, 






Of the Company of Barber-Surgeons in the said city of Gloucester. 

J. L. 

1262. AN ICARUS OP THE LAST CENTURY. The Weekly 
Miscellany for April 17, 1736, has this paragraph : 

" Thomas Kidman, the famous Flyer, who has flown from several 
of the highest precipices in England, and was the person that flew 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 313 

off Bromham steeple, in Wiltshire, when it fell down, flew, on 
Monday last, from the highest of the Rocks near the Hotwell at 
Bristol, with fireworks and pistols; after which he went up the 
rope, and performed several surprising dexterities on it, in sight of 
thousands of spectators, both from Somersetshire and Gloucester- 
shire." 

Hogarth has introduced this performer into his engraving of 
" The Fair," in the act of flying from a steeple. j -^ 

1263. THE BERKELEY MANUSCRIPTS. Mr. Edmond Chester 
Waters has contributed the following article to the Academy 
(September 26, 1885) on the recently-issued third volume of 
Smyth's Berkeley Manuscripts: a Description of the Hundred of 
Berkeley and its Inhabitants, edited by Sir John Maclean, E.S.A., 
Gloucester, 1885 : 

This third volume of the Berkeley MSS., which contains 
Smyth's account of the several parishes in the hundred of 
Berkeley, will probably be found more interesting by the generality 
of readers than the Memoirs of the Lords of Berkeley Castle, 
which formed the subject of his two preceding volumes. Gloucester- 
shire is one of the few counties in England which can boast of 
several historians, but none of them can be compared with Smyth, 
so far as he goes ; for the fulness and accuracy of his parochial 
history establish his superiority as a local historian over Sir Robert 
Atkyns, and every other author who has written about the anti- 
quities of Gloucestershire. At the same time, Smyth's labours 
were confined to a single hundred, and he ceased to write in the 
reign of James I. ; and a book with these drawbacks must be 
reckoned among the materials of local history to be consulted only 
for occasional reference. Such books will engage few readers 
except professed antiquaries, although they abound with curious 
information not to be found elsewhere ; and, therefore, as they cannot 
be expected to command a sale proportionate to their merit, they 
are precisely the class of books which are reproduced with advantage 
at the cost of the local archaeological society. Few societies in 
our time can claim credit for a better investment of their funds 
than the Bristol and Gloucestershire has made in undertaking 
the publication of Smyth's Berkeley MSS. 

Among the information for which we should look in vain in a 
modern county history of more pretension is the collection of local 
proverbs and the peculiarities of the local dialect. This is the 
more valuable because in Smyth's time every English county had 
its own phrases and grammar, which made it easy to distinguish from 
what part of England a man came as soon as he opened his mouth. 
It seems that a native of Berkeley Hundred commonly inserted 
the letter y between words ending and beginning with consonants; 
so that if he was asked where he was born, he answered, " Where 
shu'd y bee y bore, but at Berkeley hums, and there begis, each 

VOL. III. Y 



314 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

was y bore." The use of " each " for " I " was specially puzzling 
to foreigners, as everyone was called who was not a hundredor. 
The proverbs are, for the most part, commonplace enough, and the 
most remarkable among them are too coarsely worded to be quoted 
in the Academy. 

The parishes are treated alphabetically, beginning with Alkington 
and ending with Wortley ; and Smyth takes occasion in his account 
of the first to discourse on husbandry in general, and to explain 
the best method of preparing the soil for crops by marling and 
manuring. He was an enthusiastic admirer of agriculture, which, 
he says, " I accompt the best and most harmlesse of all bodily exer- 
cises, despised of none save fooles ; ever by the wisest sort held the 
most noble, as sustayninge the life of all men : which hath drawne 
mee alonge " from the title of marie used in Alkington to digress. 
We read, also, that before the civil wars of York and Lancaster 
husbandry was conducted by villeins or bond-servants, who worked 
under the oversight of the manor-reeve, and were bought and sold 
by deeds of grant. The latest deed of manumission among the 
Berkeley muniments bears date in the beginning of the reign of 
Henry VII. ; and Smyth does not hesitate to justify villeinage, and 
to express his conviction that it has never been legally abolished, 
and might be revived with advantage : " I conceive, (which also 
a learned writer hath lately published,) that the lawes concerninge 
Villenage are still in force, of which the latest are the sharpest ; 
But no we, saith hee, and that most truly in mine opinion, since 
slaves were made free which were of great vse and service, there 
are growne vp a rabble of Eogues, cutpurses, and the like mis- 
cheivous men, slaves in nature though not in lawe ; And if any 
thinke this kind of dominion not to bee lawfull, yet surely it is 
naturall." 

It is characteristic of Smyth's description of a parish that he 
never forgets to tell us the name of the tutelary saint to whom the 
church was dedicated, and the day on which the church feast was 
kept. The old custom of keeping as a feast in each parish the day 
of the tutelary saint still survived from Catholic times, and Smyth 
had no sympathy with the Puritanical spirit which attempted to 
suppress these sociable gatherings. He takes occasion to say in 
describing the hills surrounding Cowley [or Coaley] " Where 
to behold younge men and maids ascendinge and discendinge 
and boies tumblinge downe, especially on Comunion daies in 
the afternoones what times the resort is greatest, bringeth noe 
small delight to many of the elder sort also delightinge therin." 
His dislike to the new fashion of strict Sabbatical observance is 
quaintly expressed in his account of Stinchcombe, where the second 
Sunday after the feast of Pentecost was known as Blu-meade 
Sunday. The name was derived from a meadow called Blu-meade, 
"where the younger sort of both sexes accustomed in the afternoon 
of that day to meete from the Townships adjoininge to dance, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 315 

leape, wrastle, and disport themselves till eveninge ; of late yeares 
by some severe and rigid Catoes exclaiminge against such recreations, 
quite discontinued ... I joyne in opinion, and ^subscribe to the 
kinge's declaration ; and like well, in this my decrepit age, to walke 
in somer-time, on Sundaies after Eveninge Prayers, with my wife to 
Hodleys Green betweene our two houses, and there to behold my 
neighbours children and servants, with yours and mine owne, to 
runne at Barley-breakes, dance in a ringe, and such like sports as 
they like best ; A laudable recreation, which hath no oppugners 
save wayward dispositions, and men of too sterne a judgment, as 
though the text of Solomon were Apochriphall, That, There is a 
time for all things." 

Smyth's account of the Severn, and of the fish which is caught 
in it, is one of the most entertaining chapters in the book. 
Berkeley Hundred is traversed by this noble river for eighteen 
miles, " not accomp tinge crookes, turnings, or meanders ; " and we 
are assured that, to Smyth's own knowledge, fifty-three different 
sorts of sea fish had been caught in the river. The fishing was 
free to the hundredors, who might take for themselves whatever 
fish they could catch, except those called royal and galeable fishes. 
The royal fishes were the sturgeon, seal, and porpoise, which were 
exclusively reserved to the Lord of Berkeley. Galeable fishes were 
the salmon, shad, and lamprey, which were subject to the custom 
of what was termed the gale. The fisherman set his own price 
on the fish caught, and took them to the lord, who had the option 
of taking the fish at half-price or refusing the fish and taking half 
the value from the fisherman. The lord's dues were farmed usually 
by a " galeor " in each manor ; but the tax was practically modified 
by the local custom, that if the fisherman could get his fish to land 
and put grass into its mouth before the galeor called to him, such 
fish were freed from payment of gale. Severn salmon was always 
famous, and it was a saying among epicures that salmon and venison 
were never eaten together in perfection, "for the goodnes of the 
Salmon goes out when the Bucke comes in ; And comes in when 
the Bucke goes out." But the rarest and most precious of Severn 
fish was the lamprey, which comes up the river about Christmas, 
and remains there five months. This was, in the twelfth century, 
the most prized of royal dainties ; and every schoolboy knows that 
King Henry I. died from a surfeit of lampreys. King John and 
his successor were equally fond of this fish, and a fine of forty 
marks was imposed on the county of Gloucester in 1199 for the 
king's pardon for default in supplying him with lampreys. The 
demand for this delicacy encouraged speculators to forestall the 
market; and the sheriff was commanded, in 1226, to proclaim that 
no one would be allowed to buy lampreys taken in the Severn to 
sell them again, lest the price should be raised by regrators. The 
public records abound with entries showing that Henry III. and 
his queen were inordinately fond of Severn lampreys. The sheriff 



316 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

of Gloucestershire received, year after year, royal writs to procure 
them for the king's table, and to take care that they arrived in 
good condition. He was directed, on March 4, 1237, to send by 
his cook, baked, all the lampreys he could get while the king was 
at Canterbury ; but when the court came nearer the Severn, he was to 
send them unbaked, so long as they could arrive sweet to eat. The 
same sheriff is directed (February 27, 1241) not to suffer anyone 
else to buy lampreys during Lent, but to send all he could get to 
the king wherever he might be. The supply in Lent, 1243, was 
188 lampreys, which cost the king XI 2 7s. 3d. This, however, 
was a low price compared with the next century, for Lord Berkeley 
sent to King Henry III., in December, 1368, six lampreys, which 
cost him 6 7s. 2d. They got cheaper as the season advanced, for 
when the abbot of Glastonbury sent six lampreys in the following 
April, the cost was only 1 11s. 6d. 

It is clear from Smyth's remarks about the best part of the 
salmon that he was a bit of an epicure and liked good living ; and 
many readers will find it one of the redeeming features of this 
book that we are constantly catching between the lines a pleasant 
glimpse of the author himself. To those who care to study his 
writings, he stands confessed a cheery old Tory, who was a lover 
of ancient customs, and disliked changes of all kinds, who delighted 
in good living and merrymaking, and (what is more rare) took 
pleasure in his old age in seeing young people enjoy themselves in 
their own way. 

My notice of these three volumes would be incomplete without 
some recognition of the skill and taste with which the printer 
[John Bellows, of Gloucester] has accomplished his task. The 
paper and type employed are singularly choice and appropriate, and 
it is highly creditable to the English provincial press that it has 
proved itself capable of producing work of a quality which could 
not be excelled in any capital in Europe. 

1264. THE COWLEY, OR COLLET, FAMILY. John Smyth, in 
his Description of the Hundred of Berkeley, gives a short account 
(p. 153) of the family of Cowley of Cowley. Before his day the 
senior male line had ended in an heiress, but the name was not 
extinct. In Mr. Wadley's valuable Bristol Wills, printed for the 
Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, Bristol citizens 
of the name are met with; and in Historic and Municipal 
Documents of Ireland, A.D. 1172-1320 (London, 1870), there are 
lists of early citizens of Dublin, in which the name occurs. If it be 
asked what this has to do with the subject, the answer is found 
in the first page of the volume : " Sciatis me dedisse, et concessisse, 
et presenti carta confirmasse hominibus meis de Bristowa ciuitatem 
meam de Duuelina ad inhabitandam " (Henry's Charter to Dublin, 
A.D. 1171-2). This charter was renewed by King John. Just as 
Bristol was the commercial centre to which cadets of west country 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

arrnigerous families gravitated, so Dublin became the Nova Bristowa 
to which they hived off. Amongst the vast number of west 
country places which gave their names to families found in the 
15th century at Bristol, I will only mention three contiguous 
manors, Cowley, Dray cote, and Cam ; and these three names are 
found (with many others) in the earliest and in the later lists of 
Dublin citizens. It is a fair assumption, and one that will hardly 
be disputed, that these citizens took their names from Cowley, 
Draycote, and Cam, in Gloucestershire. I am, however, now 
concerned only in the first name. I am in correspondence with a 
Dublin genealogist, and hope to get a list of de Cowleys, or 
Colleys, from the later lists of citizens. Perhaps some Bristol 
genealogist will provide me with a list of 13th and 14th century 
de Cowleys of Bristol, or at least inform me whether the name 
occurs with any frequency before Maud Coveley in 1385 and 
William Cowley in 1388? 

In the year 1546-7 Kobert Cowley, or Colley, died in London, 
his presence there having been caused by a summons from the king. 
He was a citizen of Dublin; in 1515 he was first bailiff thereof; 
afterwards he was employed by the celebrated Countess of Ossory ; 
in 1528 he was Master of the Rolls in Ireland; and he must have 
been a very old man at the time of his death, as Lord Cromwell, 
in 1530, styles him "Old Colley," and his sons were then holding 
high office in Ireland, and could not have been young men, as they 
had sons of full age. That he was of English origin is proved by a 
document left by Adam Loftus, Lord Chancellor of Ireland, dated 
1587, in which he states that his eldest daughter had married 
George Cowley, a gentleman of English parents. He was son of 
Sir Henry Colley, and great-grandson of Kobert Colley. Master of 
the Rolls. 

The interest of the matter lies in this ; that old Robert Colley 
was the ancestor of the dukes of Wellington, and of various other 
titled and untitled branches of the family. Much difficulty has 
been found in ascertaining the origin of their family. The late 
Duke of Wellington favoured the idea that they were originally 
Irish O'Colleys ; but this Adam Loftus' declaration disproves. 
Some of the Peerages (giving no authority) state that the Cowleys 
were originally from Rutlandshire. It may be possible, I think, 
to connect them with the de Cowleys of Gloucestershire, and I 
trust the subject will be investigated. 

A. W. CORNELIUS HALLEN, F.S.A.ScoT. 

The Parsonage, Alloa, N.B. 

1265. Two EARLY ENGLISH WILLS, 1420 AND 1438. In 
The Fifty Earliest English Wills in the Court of Probate, London, 
edited from the original registers in Somerset House by Frederick 
J. Furnival, and published for the Early English Text Society, 
London, 1882, there are two Gloucestershire wills : 



318 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1. John Bathe, of Bristol, 1420. "Ego, Idhannes Bathe, 
burgensz's ville Bristoll/e, compos mentis, condo testamentum memrc 
in hunc modum." A page of bequests, etc., in Latin follows, with 
the appointment of John Bourghull and John Austyn of Bristol 
as executors ; then the English will. Bequests of plate, etc. : a 
silver beaker with a knob enameld blue ; a silver-studded girdle ; 
silver spoons with acorn tops ; silver spice-dish ; wooden mazer with 
a silver band, a print in the middle, and a griffin in it. Also, brass 
pots and pans, gold rings, andirons, pewter vessels ; cushions and 
hangings ; a chalice ; curtains ; shearings and wool. A mazer 
bound with silver gilt, and a print of Jesus in the middle. 

2. Kichard Dixton, Esq., of Siscetre (Cirencester), 1438. To 
be buried at Cirencester. Bequests of vestments to Trinity Chapel 
there, and its priests ; also to the convent of Usk, the friars of 
Gloucester and Hereford, the abbots of Tewkesbury, Evesham, 
Malmesbury, etc. Gifts of best horse, armour, covered silver cups, 
gold chain and bracelet, money, blue cloth, furd gowns, silver arse- 
girdle, household stuff, horses, clothing and bedding, etc. Executors : 
Gyles of Brugge, squyer [Giles Brugge al. Bruges (i.e., Brydges), of 
Coberley, now Cubberley, afterwards knighted], sir Water Bagge, 
person of Brynke-worth [Brinkworth, near Malmesbury], Richard 
Warneford and William Prelett of Siscetre. Proved October 21, 
1438. 

These two Early English wills of Gloucestershire men we hope 
soon to reprint for the benefit of our readers. Meanwhile let us 
bear in mind what our valued friend, the Rev. Thomas P. Wadley, 
has written in the introduction to his Notes of the Wills in the Great 
Orphan Book and Book of Wills at Bristol: "The wills have 
been registered in Latin down to that of Elizabeth Ferre, which is 
in English, and was made in February, 1487. There are only a few 
in the former language between that date and 1503, the year in 
which the will of Thomas Edwarde was made and proved ; English 
being employed for all wills thereafter recorded in this volume." 

ABHBA. 

1266. THE RESTORATION OP BOCKLAND CHURCH. The old 
church of Buckland, on the Cotswolds, having undergone a resto- 
ration which extended over several years, and the work having at 
length been finished, the event was celebrated in the latter part of 
the year 1885, by a special service, in which the bishop of the 
diocese took part. The church is one in which local archaeologists 
are much interested. It was erected by the ecclesiastics of 
St. Peter's Abbey, Gloucester, in the thirteenth century, and is a 
fine building, having a chancel, nave, and aisles divided from it on 
each side by three pointed arches, with an embattled tower of oolite 
stone, from the angles of which issue grotesque figures of flying 
demons as gurgoyles. In the east window, which has the date of 
1585 outside, are three compartments of painted glass, of much 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 319 

brilliancy of colouring and correctness of outline, representing the 
Sacraments of Baptism, Matrimony, and Extreme Unction. The 
timbers of the rich open roof have the white rose of Edward IV. 
painted on the spandrels. A richly embroidered cope of 15th- 
century work is used as the altar-cloth. 

The building having become very dilapidated, its renovation was 
commenced as long ago as 1877. Mr. F. S. Waller examined the 
church about that time, and his report contained a sketch of its 
growth and treatment since the Norman period, when it consisted 
of a nave and chancel only, the aisles, tower, and porch being added 
at subsequent periods. " It would be difficult," as he has stated, 
" to convey to anyone who has not seen the building one 
tithe of the interest which this singular church possesses an 
interest arising not so much from its actual architectural beauty 
(though of this it has much to boast), but chiefly from the fact that 
it has had the peculiar good fortune to have been ' neglected ' for a 
long series of years, and therefore has escaped mutilation by 
'restoration.' The seats, with their beautifully carved-oak moulded 
bench ends and panelling, with sills complete (but sadly decayed), 
remain for the most part exactly as they were first erected ; the old 
tile floor, much of which is as it was originally laid, a fine specimen 
of encaustic work, but cracked and broken in hundreds of pieces ; 
the roofs of the nave and aisles, with their massive moulded 
beams decorated with tracery and enrichments ; here and there bits 
of the ancient painted glass and remains of wall decoration all 
give an air of romance to a church where the dust of ages seems 
to linger and help to form an almost unbroken history from the 
llth to the 17th century." The work recommended by Mr. Waller 
was planned in the conservative spirit which characterises him, and 
the result is a restoration to which the most fastidious can scarcely 
take objection. One point the architect gave no advice upon, 
namely, the removal of a curious western gallery, dating probably 
from the beginning of the 17th century. This he left to be decided 
by the parishioners, and they resolved that the structure should be 
retained. The estimated cost of the restoration was 500 or 600, 
but the outlay could not be accurately forecast, and as a matter of 
fact, it has reached 1,000. The first section of the work, the 
renovation of the roof, was carried out in 1880. The nave roof 
was formerly painted, but from age and dirt the colours had 
become indistinct, and it has been carefully cleaned and the colours 
restored where necessary in a skilful manner by Mr. Joseph Keyte. 
In the chancel a fine old oak timbered roof was discovered above 
the lath and plaster ceiling. This has been cleaned and restored, 
and adds much to the improved appearance of the church. This 
work, with the restoration of the walls and panelling, was entrusted 
to Messrs. R. and J. Keyte. The next step was the removal of 
the pews, seven feet high, which formerly blocked the entrance to 
the chancel, the " three-decker " pulpit, and reading-desk. Then 



320 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

followed the restoration of the interior stonework and the renovation 
of the ancient oak seats. The latter have been restored by 
Mr. Thomas Collins, of Tewkesbury. They were much decayed, 
but the carving has been carefully renewed. The floors under 
them were excavated eight inches, laid with concrete and cement, 
and furnished with wood block pavement. The plaster with which 
the walls were covered being much decayed and broken, it was 
removed altogether. The walls were then found to be in many 
places in a bad state and had to be interbuilt. They are now 
cleaned and pointed, and all the carved stonework has been care- 
fully restored. This portion of the work was also executed by 
Mr. Collins. All the floors have been treated in the manner 
described, except that the aisles and chancel are laid with Godwin's 
tiles, specially made from tracings and drawings taken from the old 
tiles in the church. These tiles, which are an exceedingly effective 
and interesting feature of the work, have been given by the rector 
and Mrs. Norris as a thank-offering for the completion of the 
restoration. The old tiles have been carefully relaid in the south 
aisle, and serve as a permanent memento of the past history of the 
church. In the belfry the floor has been entirely renewed with 
timber given by Messrs. New, Prance, and Garrard, the present 
lords of the manor, and the work was paid for by the ringers, who 
subscribed to meet the cost. The tester-headed seats in the aisles 
were very old, and in removing them to repair the walls they fell 
to pieces. Handsome new oak benches have been constructed by 
Messrs. J. and W. Grimmett, and the ancient inscription, bearing 
the date of 1615, has been framed and placed over the western 
bench. The gallery, which is handsomely panelled and supported 
by oak pillars, has been restored by the parishioners at their own 
cost. Two quatrefoil windows were found blocked up with 
masonry in the western wall on each side of the tower, and these 
have been restored and filled with stained glass. The font, of rich 
design, has been cleansed from whitewash, and embellished with a 
new carved oak lid. The east window referred to above has been 
restored by Messrs. Morris and Co., Oxford-street. Mr. Morris, 
who is an archaeologist, was staying in the neighbourhood some 
years ago, and saw the window. Last year he wrote, through the 
Secretary of the Society for the Preservation of Ancient Buildings, 
offering to restore the window at cost-price. The offer was accepted, 
and the window, which was falling to pieces, is now preserved. 
The bells, clock, and chimes were very much out of order. The 
second bell was broken and useless, the chimes had not played for 
years, and the clock had stopped for a long period. Every working 
man in the parish gave money towards the restoration of the bell 
and the clock ; and the chimes are now in good working order, 
having been restored by Mr. Harrison, of Wellesbourne. As to 
the exterior, a drain seven feet deep has beerf carried all round the 
church, the Gin. drain pipes being given by Messrs. New, Prance, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 321 

and Garrard. At the very beginning the roofs had to be attended 
to in order to save the fabric, the rain penetrating in all directions. 
They were stripped, the timbers thoroughly repaired and renewed, 
and recovered with best milled lead, 71bs. to the square foot, on the 
nave, north and south aisles, and tower. In the churchyard a 
memorial cross has been erected, fitted into the stone basement of 
the ancient cross. The cross is carved out of one piece of stone 
from Laverton quarry, given by Messrs. New, Prance, and Garrard. 
It is fifteen inches square at the bottom and six inches at the top. 
The design is a cross combined with a circle, symbolising 
Christianity and Eternity. On the west side is a panel bearing the 
inscription : "This Church was restored A.D. 1885. Philip N orris, 
rector. Alfred Perrett, G. Hoddinott, Churchwardens." It is note- 
worthy that a " market " used to be held on the steps of the old 
cross for the sale of butter, eggs, poultry, &c. As a further 
example of the cooperation of the parishioners it may be stated 
that the hauling of the materials for the restoration was done by 
friends in the place, and special mention must be made of Messrs. 
Perrett, Hoddinott, and Cockerell, whose help in this respect 
saved considerable expense. 

1267. POETICAL ENTRY IN THE REGISTER OF ST. NICHOLAS', 
BRISTOL. In Olde-Worlde Gleanings, December 20, 1885, the 
following communication from " J. G. A." appeared : 

" In searching the ancient registers of St. Nicholas' Church I 
came the other day across the following lines. Thinking they 
would suit the 0. W. G., I enclose a copy. It is not often that 
doggrel rhymes live more than two centuries. They remind one 
also of the historic poetical clerk who gave out in church 'a 
psalm o' my own composition.' 

' Birthes of Infantes, Anno Dom 1 : 1653. 

' All w th in the p'ish of S fc Nicholas. 
* Our Life is nothing but a winters Day 
Some only breaks thair fast and go a way 
Other Stay Dinner and are fully fed 
The Deepest age but Sups and goes to bed 
Thus Mans Life is ; 

Richard Burgess, Clerk.' " 

The editor of Gleanings has noted with reference to the foregoing, 
that similar lines are found on a tombstone at Barnwell Church, 
and also at Llangollen, in Wales. Two lines, however, as he 
remarks, are added 

" Long is his life, who lingers out the day, 
Who goes the soonest has the least to pay." 

G. A. W. 

1268. THE ARMS OF THE SEYS FAMILY. If you can, will 
you kindly tell me what are the quarterings on the shield of the 



322 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

monument in the church of St. Nicholas, Gloucester, erected to 
the memory of Margaret, wife of Evan Seys, of Boveston, in the 
parish of Llant wit-Major, Glamorganshire 1 She was sole daughter 
of Robert Bridges, of Gloucestershire, and died January 14, 1651. 
When I saw the monument in 1848, there were on it a crest and 
a shield of several quarterings ; but on revisiting the church two 
years ago I could not find them. The building was then in a very 
sad state from damp and want of proper attention. G W N 

In Fosbrooke's Gloucester (1819), p. 363, these particulars 
appear : " Arms in six quarterings ; 1. Azure [? Sable], a chevron 
between three spears' heads 2. Gules, a chevron ; 3. quarterly 
per fess Azure, 1 and 4 Argent, 2 and 3 a fret Or ; 4. Gules, 

three Or; 5. a fess Gules between six . . . 

. , three in chief, in base two and one ; 6. a chevron : 
impaling Brydges." EDITOR. 



1269. JAMES NAYLOR, THE QUAKER. A publication, entitled 
A Briefe Account concerning James Naylor, the Quaker, etc,, 
London, 1656, contains some particulars which may be worth 



Having been released out of Excester Gaole,hee began immediately 
to play his pranks at divers places in the West ; among the rest he 
passed by Wells and Glastenbury, through which town he rode on 
horseback, a man going bare before him, and others walking 
a foot on each side of his stirrup, and others strewing their 
garments in the way ; from thence he took his way toward Bristol, 
and coming to a little village called Bedminster, about a mile from 
Bristol, he rode through that place likewise, a young man bare-headed 
leading his horse by the bridle, and another man before with his 
hat on. There accompanied him two men, with each a woman 
behind him on horseback ; which women alighted when they came 
to the suburbs of Bristol, and footed it along on each side of Nailer's 
horse, the man still bare-headed leading the horse; and as they 
advanced along, they sung, and entred Bristol, singing Holy, Holy, 
Holy Lord God of Israel, and then the women led the horse with 
the reins in their hands, up to the High Cross of Bristol, and from 
thence to the White Hart Inn in Broad Street. Then the 
magistrates sending for Nailor and his companions, they came 
singing all the way Hosanna, and Holy, Holy, Holy, &c. His name 
that went bare-headed before him is Tirnothie Wedlock, a Devon- 
shire man. The one woman is named Martha Simonds, wife of 
Thomas Simonds, Stationer of London; the other Hannah Stranger, 
wife of John Stranger of London, combmaker. 

The magistrates having convented Nailor and the rest, divers 
strange blasphemous letters and other papers were found about them, 
wherein it appeared this deceiver had so far gained upon his 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 323 

followers by his impostures, that they ascribed to him divine honors 
and gave him in Scripture phrase the same titles which are 
applicable to none but Christ himself. 

On Wednesday morning, Dec. 17, 1656, at ten o'clock, James 
Nailor was brought to the Bar of the House, where for those high 
crimes whereof he had been found guilty, Mr. Speaker pronounced 
upon him judgment as follows : 

That James bailor be set on the pillory, with his head in the 
pillory, in the new Pallace, Westminster, during the space of two 
hours on Thursday next, and shall be whipped by the hangman 
through the streets from Westminster to the Old Exchange, London ; 
and there likewise be set upon the pillory with his head in the 
pillory, for the space of two hours, between the hours of eleven 
and one, on Saturday next ; in each of the said places, wearing a 
paper containing an inscription of his crimes : and that at the Old 
Exchange his tongue shall be bored through with a hot iron, and 
that he be there also stigmatised in the forehead with the letter E. ; 
and that he be afterwards sent to Bristol, and conveyed into and 
through the said city on a horse bare ridged, with his face back- 
ward, and there also publickly whipped the next market day after 
he comes thither. That from thence he be committed to Bridewell, 
London, and there restrained from the society of all people, and 
kept to hard labor, till he shall be released from Parliament ; and 
during that time, be debarred from the use of pen, ink, and paper, 
and shall have no relief but what he earns by his daily labor. 

Eor the reader's further satisfaction, I refer him to a book touching 
James jSTailor, written by Mr. Farmer, minister in Bristol, and sold 
by Edward Thomas at his house in Green Arbour Yard, London. 

The following extract from Mercurius Politicus for Jan. 15-22, 
1657, will be a suitable appendix : 

Erom Bristol, Saturday, January 17, 1657. This day the order 
of Parliament was executed here upon James JNTailor in the following 
manner. He rode in at Lawford's-gate upon a horse bare ridged, 
with his face backward, from thence along Wine Street to the 
Tolzey, thence down High Street over the Bridge, and out of 
Rackly-gate ; there he alighted, and was brought into St. Thomas- 
street, and after being stript he was made fast to a cart-horse ; and 
was then taken to all the following places and there whipt, namely, 
at the foot of the Bridge, at the end of the Bridge, at the middle 
of High-street, at the Tolzey, and at the middle of Broad-street, 
and then turning into Tailors-hall, he was released from the cart- 
horse, and allowed to put on his cloaths, and carried thence to 
Newgate by Tower-lane the back-way. There did ride before him 
bare-headed, Michael Stamper, singing most part of the way, and 
several other friends, men and women ; the men went bare-headed 
by him, and Robert Rich (late merchant of London) rode by him 
bare-headed and singing, till he came to Redcliffe gate, and there 



324 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

the magistrates sent their officers, and brought him back on horse- 
back to the Tolzey, all which way he rode, singing very loud, where 
the magistrates were met. 

1270. SOME GENEALOGICAL QUERIES. 

( Continued from No. 1258.) 

Pierce. John Pierce, who, in 1620 and 1621, procured the two 
patents for the Plymouth colonists, though called therein " citizen 
arid clothworker of London," I have reason to suppose originated 
at or near Bristol. His son Kichard married the daughter of the 
above-mentioned John Brown, settled here, and had eight children. 

The elder Pierce, it is well known, made an attempt to come 
over in the ship Paragon, but was driven back. After this the 
Massachusetts historians ignore him, perhaps because of the bitter 
feelings engendered by his exacting 500 from the Puritans for his 
rights in the patent. It has been a disputed point whether he ever 
came over and settled here, where his son Eichard afterwards had 
a large trade. From some indications it would seem that he may 
have done so. Any information will be very acceptable. 

Cleeve. George Cleeve was joint-founder, with Kichard Tucker, 
of the city of Portland, A.D. 1633; and had a wife Joan. Both 
were over 80 years of age in 1666. Many efforts have been, and 
are still being, made to discover his birthplace and parentage in 
England. 

I observe a station called Cleeve, 32 minutes (say 10 miles) north 
of Gloucester, on the Midland railway. Please make inquiries 
there for our old worthy. 

I have found a reference to a Richard Cleeve, of the parish of 
Clent, in 1590. Where is Clent ? Could it have been an error in 
transcribing for Cleeve ? [The parish of Clent is near Stourbridge, 
Worcestershire.] 

John Winter. Agent here for the Trelawneys of Plymouth, 
1630-1648, at Cape Elizabeth and Richmond Island (Maine, 5 
miles south of Portland). All efforts to trace him as a native of 
Plymouth have failed. He may have been from Bristol. He was a 
sea-captain, and left a widow Sarah ; a son John, who, in 1644, had 
just returned to England from the East Indies ; a daughter Mary, 

who married 1st, Coulinge, and 2ndly, Hooper, 

both in England; and a daughter Sarah, who married here the 
Rev. Robert Jordan, of Worcester (matric. Balliol Coll., Oxford, 
1632), and left many descendants. 

James PMps. Was a gun-smith from Bristo 1 , settled on the 
Kennebeck River (Maine), and had 23 children, one of whom was 
the distinguished Sir William Phips, Governor of Massachusetts. 
His widow, Mary, married 2ndly, John White. The town of 
Phipsburg (Maine) was named in honor of the family. But few 
of the names of the above children have been preserved to us, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 325 

most of them perhaps having been born before emigration. Can 
their names be found ? See my recent reply in Notes and Queries, 
6 th S. xii. 198. 

Taylor. Writing from Bristol, March 25, 1637, to Governor 
Winthrop, Thomas Taylor says that he had sent over his son 
Humphrey about a year before " with an invoice, which my good 
friend, Mr. George Cleive [see above], will show you, he being 
present [i.e., on a visit home]." We have early on Kennebeck 
Eiver a John Taylor, who had a son Isaac, and a daughter Elizabeth, 
wife of Thomas Gent. Also a George Taylor, of Black Point, 
Scarborough (Maine), 1679. Were these Taylors related? 

Elbridge. Thomas Elbridge, who came over, held courts at 
Pemaquid (Bristol, Maine), and subsequently removed to Boston 
(Maine), was younger son of Gyles Elbridge, who, in partnership 
with Alderman Robert Aid worth, of Bristol, merchant, sent over 
Abraham Shurt (see above), in 1626, to purchase Monhegan Island 
of Mr. Jennings, of Plymouth. In 1629 they took a patent of 
Pemaquid. Aldworth dying in 1634, this went by survivorship to 
Elbridge, and by inheritance to his eldest son John, who by will, 
Sept. 11, 1646, devised it to his brother Thomas. I could furnish 
you with a detailed history of the transfers of this patent from 
our records, and if you desire it for publication, will cheerfully do so. 

WILLIAM M. SARGENT, M.A. 
34, Exchange Street, Portland, Maine, U.S.A. 

1271. EXTRACTS FROM GLOUCESTERSHIRE "FEET OP FINES."* 
List of Names mentioned. 
(Continued from No. 1259.) 

Gale, Cambridge, Caning, 

Cambe, Camme, Canninge, 

* " Fines were a very ancient class of conveyances by matter of record, consisting of fictitious 
suits in the Court of Common Pleas, commenced and then compromised by leave of the Court. 
They were called fines because they put an end not only to the pretended suit, but also to all 
claims not made within a certain time. The foot of a fine was its conclusion, of which 
indentures were made and delivered to the parties, reciting the whole proceedings at length. 
Fines were abolished by 3 & 4 Will. IV., c. 74. See Steph. ' Com.,' 9th ed., vol. i., pp. 562 sq. ; 
2 'Bl. Com.,' 348 sq., ; 'Co. Litt.,' 121a, n. (1) ; Williams's 'Heal Property,' 12th ed., pp. 48 
sq. ; 2 ' Roll. Abr.' 13, &c." ( Wm. W. Marshall, M.A., B. C.L.) " The foot of a fine is the fifth 
or last part of it, containing all the matter, the day, year, place, and names of the justices 
by whom it was levied." (E. Cobham Brewer. J For other replies as to the meaning of the 
term see Notes and Queries (7th S. i. 13), Jan. 2, 1886. In a subsequent number, p. 91, a, 
correspondent writes : " I am surprised that none of your contributors has cited the late 
Mr. A. J. Horwood's explanation of this term, from his preface to The Year Books 21 & 22 
Edward I. (R. S.), p. x. : ' In a former volume it was suggested that the clerks who framed 
the inrolments in Latin, from proceedings conducted in law- French, were obliged to forge 

Latin words At p. 221, 1. 4, le pe~e of a fine is vouched. In our law books 

the document is usually referred to as the foot of the fine. Now in the law -French reports 
and tracts it is written la p6e or la ps, most usually the latter, which has the same sound as 
paix (Lat. pax or concordia). In the tract called ' Modus levandi fines,' usually called the 
statute 18 Edw. 1. stat. 4, the direction is that when the fine was proclaimed in the Common 
Pleas, the justice shall say Griez lapses (i.e., proclaim the peace, or concord) ; and the counter 
(serjeant) is to read the concord, saying, La pees est ycele, &c., setting out the terms of the 
agreement between the parties. What is called the foot of the fine is the final concord or 
peace thus proclaimed in court, beginning, Hoec estfinalis concordia, of which a form may be 
seen at the end of the second volume of Blackstone's Commentaries? This seems to dispose 
of the question." ED. 



326 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Capel, 


Close, 


Cridland, 


Capell, 


Cloterboke, 


Cripps, 


Careles, 


Clutterbucke, 


Crispe, 


Caricke, 


Clyfford, 


Crofts (Lord), 


Caroles, 


Clynton, 


Crofts, 


Carpender, 


Clyssal, 


Cromwell, 


Carpenter, 


Clyston, 


Crooke, 


Carr, 


Coates, 


Crosse, 


Carter, 


Codrington, 


Crowther, 


Casteel, 


Codryngham, 


Crumpe, 


Castleman, 


Colborne, 


Cmmwell, 


Catchmayd, 


Cole, 


Cruse, 


Catle, 


Coles, 


Cugly, 


Cattail, 


Colles, 


Cullimore, 


Cattel, 


Collett, 


Cullin, 


Cattell, 


Collins, 


Curnock, 


Cattle, 


Collyer, 


Curnocke, 


Cave, 


Colwell, 


Curtis, 


Cawdwell, 


Compton, 


Curtys, 


Chadwell, 


Conquest, 


Cusse. 


Chamber, 


Cook, 


Daa al s Daye, 


Chamberlayne, 


Cooke, 


Damory al s Damorie, 


Chamberline al s 


Cooper, 


Dangerfield, 


Giles, 


Coper, 


Daniell, 


Chambers, 


Copper mines (Gov^ 


Danvers, 


Champion, 


of), 


Daunsey, 


Champnes, 


Copson, 


Daunsie, 


Chance, 


Cordell, 


Daunsye, 


Chandler, 


Cornish, 


Daunt, 


Chandos, 


Cornocke, 


Davies, 


Chapman, 


Cornwall, 


Davis, 


Chellingworth, 


Cornwell, 


Davyes, 


Chesters, 


Cosham, 


Davys, 


Childe, 


Cotnesse, 


Dawe, 


Chudleigh, 


Cottle, 


Day, 


Chum, 


Cotton, 


Daye, 


Chume, 


Cowles, 


Deane, 


Churches, 


Cowley, 


Deighton, 


Clarke, 


Cowlishe, 


Denny s, 


Cleaver, 


Cox, 


De Eeme al s Freme, 


Clements, 


Coxe, 


Dike, 


Clerke (Bart.), 


Coxwell, 


Dillington, 


Clerke, 


Craddocke, 


Dimery, 


Cleveland (Earl of), 


Crane, 


Dingley, 


Cleyfeild, 


Craven (Earl), 


Diriat, 


Clifford, 


Crawley, 


Dockett, 


Clissold, 


Creese, 


Dodington, 


Clive, 


Crewe, 


Donnynge, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



327 



Dorney, 


Feilde, 


Gardyner, 


Dove, 


Feilder, 


Gare, 


Dowdeswell, 


Eennell al s Mcholls, 


Garfield, 


Dowle, 


Ferrers, 


Garnans, 


Draughton, 


Eerrinder, 


Garner, 


Drewett, 


Ferris, 


Gamons, 


Driver, 


Fettiplace, 


Garrard, 


Drye, 


Fettyplace, 


Garratt, 


Ducie, 


Field, 


Garrett, 


Duckett, 


Fillimore, 


Gastrel, 


Ducy, 


Finch, 


Gearinge, 


Ducye, 


Fisher, 


Gent, 


Dudbridge, 


Fishpoole, 


George, 


Duglas, 


Fitzherbert, 


Gibbes, 


Dunckley, 


Flamell, 


Gibbins, 


Dungerfield, 


Fletcher, 


Gibbs, 


Dunninge, 


Flower, 


Gifforde, 


Dunnynge, 


Flude, 


Gilbert, 


Dutton, 


Ford, 


Gilby, 


Dyer. 


Forde, 


Gill, 


Eagles, 


Fords, 


Gillman, 


Echill, 


Fossan, 


Gilman, 


Edgerley, 


Foster, 


Gleede, 


Edwards, 


Fotherby, 


Gobby, 


Edwardes, 


Fowler, 


Goddard, 


Egbourn al s Egby, 


Fox, 


Godsalve, 


Egells, 


Foxwell, 


Goode, 


Egvy, 


Francis, 


Goodwin^ 


Elame, 


Francklin, 


Gough, 


Elkinton, 


Frape, 


Granger, 


Elliott, 


Freame, 


Gravenor, 


Ellond, 


Freeman, 


Grayle, 


Ely, 


Freme, 


Greene, 


Elye, 


Freme al s de Reme, 


Greening, 


Essington, 


Erigg, 


Greeninge, 


Estcourte, 


Frigge, 


Greenwood, 


Esyngton, 


Fryar, 


Gregory, 


Etheridge, 


Fust, 


Grevill, 


Ettericke, 


Fyeld, 


Grey, 


Evans, 


Fynemore, 


Griffin, 


Everard, 


Fynniore. 


Grigg, 


Everet al s Everod, 


Gabb, 


Gryffin, 


Evington, 


Gabbe, 


Gryme, 


Eyre, 


Gagg, 


Guilbert, 


Evreman. 


Gagge, 


Guyes, 


Facet, 


Gale, 


Guyse, 


Eane, 


Gardner, 


Gwynett, 


Earr, 


Gardiner, 


Gybbes, 



328 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



Gybbins, 

Gyde, 

Gythens. 

Habertt, 

Halbbyns, 

Halford, 

Hale, 

Hall, 

Hallaway, 

Halyday, 

Hamonde, 

Hampson, 

Hampton, 

Hancock, 

Hancoks, 

Hancox, 

Handman, 

Hanley, 

Hannys, 

Harberd, 

Harbert, 

Harbord, 

Harding, 

Hardinge, 

Hardynge, 

Hare, 

Harewell, 

Harmar, 

Harmer, 

Harrell, 

Harris, 

Harrison, 

Harrys, 

Hart, 

Harte, 

Harvey, 

Hassell, 

Hatheway, 

Hathwaye, 

Haven, 



Haviland, 

Ha ward, 

Hawker, 

Hawkins, 

Hawley, 

Hawtrey, 

Hay, 

Haynes, 

Hayward, 

Heane, 

Heath, 

Heaven, 

Heeley, 

Hellier, 

Henson, 

Herbert, 

Heskins, 

Heskyns, 

Hevyn, 

Heycocke, 

Heynes, 

Heywood, 

Hickes, 

Hickman, 

Hicks, 

Hide, 

Higges, 

Higginson, 

Higgs, 

Hill, 

Hiller, 

Hillerson, 

Hillier, 

Hinton, 

Hixe, 

Hixe al s Hickes, 

Hobbes, 

Hobbs, 

Hobson, 

Hodges, 

(To be continued.) 



Holborow, 

Holbrow, 

Holbrowe, 

Holder, 

Holeday, 

Holland, 

Foiled, 

Hollister, 

Holloway, 

Hone, 

Hope, 

Hooper, 

Hopton, 

Horde, 

Horston, 

Horton, 

Horwood, 

Hoskins, 

Hotchkins, 

Houbelon, 

Howell, 

Hubberd, 

Hudson, 

Hulings, 

Hulins, 

Hulley, 

Humfreys, 

Hunbier, 

Hune, 

Hungerford, 

Hunt, 

Hunt al s Ashmeade, 

Huntley, 

Huntley al s Symonds, 

Hurne, 

Hutton, 

Hyde, 

Hyett, 

Hyll, 

Hynson. 



1272. SUNDRY OLD GLOUCESTERSHIRE ADVERTISEMENTS, 1735- 
40. (See No. 1243.) I send another batch of old advertisements 
culled from the Gloucester Journal at the dates appended to 
each : 

(1.) SALT WATER. Edward Davis, of the Swan Inn in 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 329 

Whitminster, continueth (with, great success) to Dip both Man and 
Beast in the Salt Water of the River Severn. N.B. Whereas it 
was advertised in the Gloucester Journal of the 6th May inst. that 
the Hock Crib is the only place for Dipping with safety : This is 
to satisfy the World that the same is false ; and that I, the said 
Edward Davis, follow Dipping (and perform it myself) but a very 
little way below the Hock Crib ;* And as the water runs by my 
place of dipping to the Hock, if there be any difference in the 
water, mine must of course be the best, it being somewhat nearer 
the sea. And what gives me the greatest encouragement, proceeds 
from the letters I have received from divers persons that were 
disorder'd three or four days before they came to me ; which may 
be proved by the following letter from John Earns, of Samburne, 
near Alcester in Warwickshire ; whose sister, Mary Heath, received 
the infection only from the breath of a brother who dy'd mad 
(being Dipt by au unskilful hand), and by the advice of some of 
her friends took medicines prescribed for her, which proving 
ineffectual, she was prevail'd upon to come to me to be Dipt. 
[Mr. Earns certifies that his sister " is recover'd perfectly well 
through your means and God's assistance."] Likewise another 
letter to the same effect from Cha. Tims, of Comebrook near 
Warwick, only he was bit by a mad dog on the inside of his lip for 
above five weeks before he came. EDWABD DAVIS. May 27, 1735. 

[In the Journal of the 17th June following is an advertisement 
stating that Thomas Ady, of the Hock Crib, is also a Dipper of man 
and beast, that "his house is the most convenient," that he has "an 
incomparable nostrum, or cordial water, given him by an eminent 
physician, which is of wonderful service to compose the patient 
after dipping," and that he " has not only cured persons of riper 
years, but infants, who have been bit in the nose and mouth, and 
those who have been left off by doctors, and almost raving mad."] 

(2.) Whereas the Famous Purging Mineral Water at Cheltenham 
has not been for some years last past so much resorted to as formerly, 
from at report that the inhabitants of the said town were exorbitant 
in their demands, and no convenience to be had reasonably : By an 
unanimous meeting, consent and agreement of the gentlemen, 
tradesmen, and innholders of the said town, This is to certify that 
all gentlemen, ladies, and others, may meet with a kind reception, 
and good usage, with convenient lodgings, &c., and ordinaries kept, 
if encouraged, at reasonable rates. Note, 'Tis a pleasant town, 
situate on a fine sand, and in a fine air ; and many persons of 
quality and distinction have been there, and receiv'd great benefit. 

* " Gloucester, Jan. 5 [1740]. We hear that the great bulwark called the Hock Crib, built 
by the Right Hon. the Earl of Berkeley, in order to enforce the river Severn into its former 
channel by Arr's Point, is now compleatly finish'd under the care and direction of 
Mr. Strahan ; and it's said his Lordship intends to build another, four miles below the 
former, by which he will undoubtedly gain a large Tract of Land, contiguous with what is 
now call'd his New Grounds, inferior to none in England for the richness of its soil." 
Gloucester Journal, Jan. 8, 1740. 

VOL. III. Z 



330 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

The season holds all the summer. There is a good bowling-green 
and billiard-tables for the gentlemen's diversion. June 10, 1735. 

(3.) To be Sold, The Manner of Upleadon, 5 miles from the city 
of Gloucester, and 2 from Newent, consisting of two good Farms, 
an Iron-Forge, with some Tenements, all in good repair, with the 
Tythes of the parish ; is well tenanted, and in lease upon a yearly 
rent ; being well wooded, watered, and planted with fruit-trees ; 
with 30 acres of Coppice Woods ; containing in the whole above 
500 acres of good Land at the yearly rent of 288, exclusive of 
Timber and Coppices, and is capable of great improvement. Par- 
ticulars may be had of Mr. Jones, Attorney at Law in Gloucester, 
or of Mr. Warburton in Hartpury. December 9, 1735. 

(4.) This is to give Notice to all Shopkeepers and others, that are 
dealers in Choice Scotch Snuff, That they may be supplied with the 
same at 15d. per pound, in any Quantity not less than 14 Pounds, 
by John Hillhouse, on the Key, Bristol, who has it made in the 
best manner by the Noted Daniel Macpherson, Snuff-Maker, from 
Edinburgh. N.B. He also sells the finest Rappee-Snuff, but not 
less than a pound. March 11, 1740. 

[The following is not inserted as an advertisement, but is given 
as evidence that the proprietor of the Journal could blow his own 
trumpet pretty loudly when an opportunity arose.] 

(5.) Gloucester, Dec. 28 [1734]. We have an account from 
Malmesbury that the person who stole the cloth advertis'd in our 
last, was apprehended there, and committed to Salisbury gaol. By 
which our readers may perceive that a timely application is 
necessary, as well for the recovery of goods lost, as for detecting 
the offenders ; to which this Paper has greatly contributed, not 
only in the above, but in several other cases of the like nature, by 
being dispers'd (and that in great numbers) in no less than Twelve 
Counties ; on which account it may be justly esteemed the best 
Country News Paper now extant. j j^ 

1273. THE LAST OF THE GLOUCESTER TURNPIKES. The 
Gloucester Journal of Nov. 1, 1879, records these particulars: 
At twelve o'clock last night the turnpike gates at Over and 
Maisemore were taken from their hinges, and the Over and 
Maisemore Turnpike Trust ceased to exist. The event is of some 
importance in local history, because with the abolition of the Over 
and Maisemore gates the last of the turnpikes around Gloucester 
have disappeared. The trust was constituted in the year 1812. 
Previous to that there had been trusts for the repair of the roads 
from Gloucester in the direction of Hereford, statutory powers for 
which date back as far as 1726. Down to the year 1874 the Over 
trust was distinct from the Maisemore trust. In that year the 
whole question of turnpike trusts was considered by a committee 
of the House of Commons, and on their recommendation the two 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 331 

trusts were included in the trusts of which a continuance was 
sanctioned by the Turnpike Continuance Act of 1874, upon the 
condition that in future the two trusts were combined. The Act 
allowed the continuance of the united trust until the 1st of 
November, 1878, when it should have expired with many other 
trusts in different parts of the country, but the trustees made an 
application for the continuance of the trust. The application was 
based on the grounds that the roads comprised in the trust were of 
an exceptional character; that owing to roads from several parts 
converging at Over, where the lowest bridge over the Severn is 
situated, the traffic was far more than the average traffic of a 
turnpike road ; that for the parishes through which the roads of 
the trust ran to have to make good this additional wear and tear 
was very unfair .; and that the trust was not one of the ordinary 
trusts, such as were abolished by the Act for the Abolition of 
Turnpikes. The result of the application was that the trust was 
continued, but only for another year. The letting of the tolls was 
generally an easy matter, but when they were offered at the usual 
time last year there was no response. Subsequently, however, they 
were let for the twelve months to Mr. Williams for .1,965, being 
5 less than the amount for which they were let in the previous year. 

GLOUCESTEENSIS, 

1274. LIST OF ANGLO-SAXON CHARTERS, A.D. 680-824. 
The undermentioned charters have reference to Gloucestershire, and 
are to be found in vol. i. of Cartularium Saxonicum : a Collection 
of Charters relating to Anglo-Saxon History, A.D. 4^0-839, by 
Walter de Gray Birch, F.S.A., London, 1885 : 

No. 59. Grant by yEthelred, king of the Mercians, to 
Aldhelm, abbot of Malmesbury, Wilts, of land 
near Tetbury. A.D. 680, for 681. 
59A. Boundaries of the land granted in No. 59. (Brit. 

Mus. Add. MS. 15,667, f. 33.) 

60. Charter of King ^Ethelred, or Ethelred, founding 
the monastery of St. Peter, Gloucester. A.D. 
671, for .681, 

117. Grant by Ailric, son of King Oshere, of land at 
Childeswicwon, or Child's Wickham, to Ethom, or 
Evesham, Monastery, Worcestershire. A.D. 706. 
118, Grant by Walter, the priest, of land at Swelle, or 
Swell, to Cronochomme, or Evesham, Monastery, 
Worcestershire. A.D. 706. 

156. Settlement by Nothelm, archbishop of Canterbury, 
and the bishops in a synod, of title of land for a 
monastery at Withington, on the river Tillath, 
originally granted by ^thelbald, king of the 
Mercians, to two nuns, Dunne and Bucge; and 
by Dunne to the abbess Hrotuuari, her 



332 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

daughter. With reversion to the see of Worcester. 
A.D. 736 x 737. (See Nos. 217, 299.) 

No. 163. Grant by ^Ethelbald, king of the South Angles, to 
Bishop Wilfrid, of land at Baeccesore (Paxford ?). 
A.D. 716x743. 

164. Grant by ^Ethilbald, king of the South Angles, to 
Worcester Cathedral, of lands in Wuduceastir, or 
Woodchester. A.D. 716 x 743. 

165. Grant by ^Ethelbald, king of the Mercians, to 
Osred of the Huiccas, of lands at Eastune and 
Natangraf, or Cold-Aston and Notgrove. A.D. 
716 x 743. Boundaries dated A.D. 743. 

166. Grant for two lives by Uuilfrith, bishop of Worcester, 
to the Earl Leppa and his daughter Beage, of land 
(at Beagan byrig) on the Cunuglae, Bibury on the 
Colne, with reversion to the Cathedral. A.D. 
721x743. 

217. Grant by Milred, bishop of Worcester, to the abbess 
^Ethelburga, of land at Wudiandun, or Withington. 
A.D. 774. (See Nos. 156, 299.) 

226. Grant by Offa, king of the Angles, to Worcester 
Monastery, of land at Ductun, or Doughton, and 
Esig. A.D. 775 x 778. 

230. Grant by Offa, king of the Mercians, to his thegn 
Duddonus, of land in Salmonnes-burg, or Sal- 
monsbury, on the Windrush, near Bourton-on- 
the-Water. A.D. 779. 

240. Grant by Offa, king of the Mercians, of land at 
Icancumb, or Iccomb, to Worcester Cathedral, in 
exchange for land at Sapia, or Sapey-Pritchard, 
Worcestershire. 26 Dec., A.D. 781. 

246. Grant by Offa, king of the Mercians, and Aldred, 
subregulus of the Huiccii, to the monastery at 
Clife, or Give, of land at Timbingctun. A.D. 
769x785. 

274. Grant by King Offa to the thegn ^Ethelmund, of 
land at Westbury. A.D. 793 x 796. 

283. Reversionary grant by Headda, abbot, to Worcester 
Monastery, of land at Dogodes well, or Dowdes- 
well, and other places in the county. A.D. 
781 x 798. 

299. Boundaries of Widiandune, or Withington. About 
A.D. 800. (See Nos. 156, 217.) 

309. Record of an agreement between Deneberht, bishop 
of Worcester, and Wlf heard, bishop of Hereford, 
settling the monasteries of Cheltenham and 
Beckford upon Deneberht, who conveys the pastus 
there to Aethilheard, archbishop of Canterbury, 
for his life, etc. Thursday, 12 Oct., A.D. 803. 






GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 333 

No. 338. Foundation charter of Wincelcumbe, or Winchcombe, 
Abbey. 11 Nov., A.D. 811. 

349. Grant by Kenulf, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht, 
bishop of Worcester, of land at Dunhamstyde 
(Hempstead ?), near Gloucester. 26 Dec., A.D. 
814. 

350. Eemission by Coenuulf, king of the Mercians, to 
Deneberht, bishop of Worcester, of the mainten- 
ance of twelve men due for that city, in exchange 
for the site of the monastery of Bituinaeum, or 
Twining, and other land on the west of the 
Severn. 26 Dec., A.D. 814. 

351. Grant by Kenulf, king of the Mercians, to Deneberht, 
bishop of Worcester, of land at Stour, or Stour- 
port, Worcestershire, in exchange for land at 
Gythinge, or Guyting. A.D. 814. 

364. Grant by King Ceuuulf to Wilfled, of land at 
Aldantune, or Aldington, Worcestershire, with 
reservation of a rent to the monastery at Winchel- 
combe, or Winchcombe. A.D. 811 x819. 

379. Settlement of the dispute between Heaberht, bishop 
of Worcester, and the family at Berkeley, con- 
cerning the monastery at Westbuhr, or Westbury. 
30 Oct., A.D. 824. BIBLIOGRAPHER. 

1275. SOME BRIEFS AND COLLECTIONS IN STANTON ST. JOHN 
CHURCH, Dio. OXFORD, 1664-1759. The following, extracted from 
a " List of Briefs collected in the Church of iStanton St. John, 
Oxfordshire, from 1658 to 1759," which has appeared in vol. x. of 
the Reliquary, may be of interest : 

1664. Coll for Sydney [sic] in Gloucest 028 

1665. Coll for Tho. Sloper of Hartbury in Gloucest. 

shire 026 

1676. Sept. 17. Coll d for Newent in Gloucester 

Shire 036 

A Dn 1 1702. 
Aug. 30. [For fire at] Blaisdon in Gloucester ... 053 

A.D. 1707. 
Dec r 14. Eepairing y e Church of Dursley in 

Gloucestersh ... ... ... ... 033 

A.D. 1709. 
Aug. 21. [Collected] for S* Mary Eeddyf [sic] 

Church in Bristol 030 

1717. June 23. On Oldbury Com Glocest r ... 01 5 

1719. Nov. 29. On Cheltenham Com. Glocest r 02 02 

1728. May 26. On St. John Baptist Chh. Com. 

Glouc _... 00 01 04 

1731. Oct. 10. On Tetbury Church, Com 

Gloucester ... 00 01 06 



334 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1732. May 7. Calcot, Com. Gloucest . . . ... 00 02 Olf 

21. Wotton under Edge, Com. 

Gloucest 00 02 01 

1733. Aug. 12. Mitchel Dean, Com Gloucester 00 01 08 
1749. May 21. Berkeley Church, in Com 

Gloucester 00 00 06 

1754. Dossington Chh. Com. Glouc. Churchwardens 

1756. Donington Church, Com. Gloucester ... 00 09 

1759. Werberg Church, City of Bristol Q -j>. D. 

1276. ZOUCHE'S POETICAL DESCRIPTION OF BRISTOL, 1613. 
In The Dove: or Passages of Cosmography, by Eichard Zovche, 
"Ciuillian, of New Colledge in Oxford" (London, 1613), these 
lines relative to Bristol may be found : 

" Bristow, the Marchants Magazin, enclos'd 
With Eocky Hils, by Auons streame imbrac't, 
Faire by industrious workemanship compos'd 
As by great Matures wisedome firmely plac't, 
Viewing her verdant Marsh, may well disdaine 
Eomes sometimes-glory, Mars his Champian plaine." 
The comparison of the Marsh (now known as Queen's- square) at 
Bristol with the famous Campus Martius at Eome, from which the 
Champs de Mars at Paris has its name, is to be observed by the 
reader. 

There is a modern edition of Zouche's Dove (Oxford, 1839), 
"reprinted from the original edition of 1613 ; with a memoir and 
notes, collected and arranged by Eichard Walker, B.D., a descendant, 
Fellow of Magdalene College, Oxford," pp. xliii. 82, 8vo. " Our 
author's first work," as the editor has remarked, "published in 
1613, is the Poem which I have been induced to reprint, both 
from its merit and its great rarity. The work is a succinct poetical 
account of the three quarters of the old Continent, after the 
method of the Periegesis of Dionysius. The general harmony of 
versification displayed in this juvenile poem is conspicuous, con- 
sidering the time in which the author lived : the variety of historical 
allusions, and the ingenious descriptions interspersed, lend to the 
poem a considerable interest; and I indulge a hope, that its 
republication may not be unacceptable to the curious reader, as 
supplying a small link in the chain of our earlier English poetry." 

ABHBA. 

1277. "THE BLOOD OF HAYLES." (See No. 176.) The 
following note, and the accompanying transcript, appeared in the 
Gloucester Journal, March 10, 1883, and deserve, I think, to be 
reprinted. j Q. 

I ask the editor of the Gloucester Journal to print at the foot of 
any communication on " relics " with which he may be favoured 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 335 

this week, the following letter from Stephen Sagar, the last abbot 
of Hayles, written after the removal of the phial containing the 
" Blood," and bearing date three months and eleven days before 
the surrender of the abbey to Thomas Cromwell, secretary of state 
to King Henry VIII. I regret that I am obliged to put one word 
in brackets, as I could not decipher it in the MS. (Tanner MS. 105, 
fol. 546.) when I copied it the day before yesterday, in the 
Bodleian Library at Oxford. J OHN BELLOWS. 

Third Month, 8th, 1883. 

Pleaseth it your Honor after my most humble Duty with 
imortall Thankes for your inestimable goodness towards me ever at 
my need, to be advertised where it is, so that the case where that 
famed relict called the Blood was and doth stand as yet in the place 
there still as it was, in manner and fashion of a shrine, so that I 
am afraid lest it should minister occasion to any weak Person 
looking thereupon to abuse is week conscience throu it. And 
therefore I do beseech you to be so good a Lord unto me as to give 
me License that I may put it down every stick and stone, so as no 
maner of Token or remembrance of THAT FORGED RELICK 
shall remaine there dureing the time that it shall please God, our 
Soveraign Lord the Kings Majesty, and your good Lordship that 
this poor house may stand. And as touching the vallue of the 
silver and gold that is therein I think it is not worth xl< scant 
[30 . . . ] by estimation, wherein you may give credit to this 
bearer, and by the same to let me know your pleasure in the 
premisses, beseeching you most humbly to continue my good Lord 
as you have ever been, and to accept this poor token which I do 
send you at this time, a strange piece of Gold. And this the 
blessed Lord of Heaven long preserve your life and health to his 
pleasure. Amen. At Halles y e xx September. 

Yo r most bounden Beadsman, 

STEPHEN Abbot. 

To my most especiall good Lord, 
my Lord Privy Seale. 

1278. EPITAPH ON WILLIAM CHILD, DOCTOR IN Music. In 
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, the following may be seen : 
" Here lies the body of William Child, Doctor in Music, and 
one of the organists of the Chapel Royal at Whitehall, and of His 
Majesty's free Chapel at Windsor. He was born in Bristol, and 
died here on the 23 rd of March, 169, in the 91 st year of his age. 
He paved the body of the choir. 

" Go, happy soul, and in the seats above 
Sing endless hymns of thy great Maker's love ! 
How fit in heavenly songs to bear thy part, 
Before well-practic'd in the Sacred Art ! 



33 G GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Whilst hearing us, sometimes the choire divine 
Will sure descend, and in our consort [sic] join, 
So much the music, thou to us hast given, 
Has made our earth to represent their heaven." 

Many particulars of Child are to be found in Hawkins's History 
of Music, vol. iv., pp. 415, 416. He was, as above stated, a native 
of Bristol, and was educated in music under Elway Bevin,* 
organist of Bristol Cathedral. His memory is celebrated for an 
act of liberality that was hardly to be expected from one in his 
position. It seems that he was so ill paid for his services at 
Windsor, that a long arrear of salary had accumulated. After 
many fruitless applications to the dean and chapter, he told them 
that if they would pay him the sum that was due, he would pave 
their chapel for them. They paid him his money, and he kept his 
promise, neither they nor the knights companions of the most 
noble order of the garter interposing to prevent it, or signifying 
the slightest inclination to have a share in the work. 

BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1279. STRANGE TREATMENT OF THE POOR. The following 
extraordinary advertisement appeared in the Bristol Journal for 
August 30, 1823 : 

. " WINTERBOURNE PARISH. To be let by Tender. The Poor of 
the above Parish, to farm for one year from Michaelmas next. 
Any persons willing to contract for the same are requested to apply 
for particulars to the Churchwardens or Overseers, who will receive 
tenders at the Workhouse on Monday, the 8th September." 

This advertisement evoked a sneer from a correspondent of the 
Journal, who, in a subsequent issue, drew attention to the " tender " 
treatment of the unfortunate. His remarks were, however, left 
unanswered. j -^ 

1280. EDWARD JENNER, M.D., AND* THE FREEDOM OF 
LONDON. In London's Roll of Fame, 1757-1884 (London, 1884), 
p. 100, this entry appears : 

"At a Court of Common Council, llth August, 1803, it was 
Eesolved unanimously : 

" ' That the Freedom of this City be presented to Doctor Jenner 
in a Gold Box of the value of One Hundred Guineas, as a token 
of their sense of his skill and perseverance in bringing into general 
use the Inoculation of the Cow Pock.'" 

And the Gentleman's Magazine (1805), vol. Ixxv., pt. ii., pp. 
673, 674, contains the following announcement, which has been 
reprinted in the Roll of Fame : 

"Thursday, July 3 [1805]. Dr. Jenner this day attended at 

* " Elway Bevin, a disciple of Tallis, a gentleman extraordinary of the royal chapel in 1605, 
and organist of the cathedral church of Bristol," was also a writer on music of great 
eminence, as well as a composer. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 337 

Guildhall to receive the freedom of the City in a gold box of 100 
guineas value, pursuant to a resolution of the Court of Common 
Council. The chamberlain [Richard Clark, Esq.], having adminis- 
tered the oath of a freeman, took the Doctor by the right hand 
and addressed him to the following effect : ' Dr. Jenner, I give 
you joy, and, in obedience to the resolution of the Lord Mayor, 
Aldermen, and Commons, of the City of London, in Common 
Council assembled, present you with the freedom of this City, in a 
gold box, as a token of their sense of your skill and perseverance in 
the discovery of, and bringing into general use, the Inoculation of the 
Cow Pock. It has frequently fallen to my lot to convey the thanks 
of this great Corporation to men who have distinguished themselves 
by their prowess in arms, and who have gained immortal honour by 
victories obtained over the foes of their king and country. But 
you, Sir, have obtained a victory over the deadliest enemy of the 
human race; a monster, which levelled in one undistinguished 
ruin the aged, the young, the rich, the poor ; whose rage could not 
be resisted by the strong, nor opposed by the weak, and whose 
unfeeling malice could neither be soothed [sued] by innocence, nor 
disarmed by beauty. May you, Sir, long live to enjoy the 
inexpressible pleasure of seeing those multitudes whom you have 
preserved from the grave performing the various charities in this 
sublunary state ; and afterwards meet them in those happy regions 
where the physician's skill is useless, and there receive the reward 
allotted for those who, in humble imitation of their benevolent 
Redeemer, devote their lives to the happiness of their fellow- 
creatures ! ' To which the Doctor answered : ' Sir, The distin- 
guished honour conferred upon me by the City of London demands 
my grateful acknowledgments. No. words, perhaps, could adequately 
convey my feelings. I can only say, that reflecting on the cause 
which has made me the object of your attention, I cannot but 
consider this as one of the happiest moments of my life. The 
pleasure I feel, Sir, is greatly increased by the consideration that the 
testimony you have just pronounced, in the name of the great and 
important body you represent, in favour of Vaccination, may tend 
to counteract those attempts which have recently been made to 
retard its progress attempts which, I will boldly assert, entirely 
originate either in ignorance or prejudice. The merits of the 
Yaccine practice are now so well established, and so generally 
acknowledged, that, I am well assured, no efforts of the ill-judging 
or misguided few who still continue to oppose it, whatever present 
mischief they may occasion, will ultimately prevent its universal 
adoption. It is unnecessary to recapitulate the multiplicity of 
evidence that has been laid before the publick from every part of 
the civilized word, to prove both the efficacy of the Cow Pox in 
preventing the dreadful malady, the effects of which you, Sir, 
have so well depicted, and its own inherent mildness. From many 
of the large cities, particularly from Vienna, Berlin, Geneva, as 



338 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

well as from many populous districts on the Continent, I have 
lately received information, announcing that the ravages of the Small 
Pox are no longer felt, and that it is at present scarcely known 
but by name. There indeed Vaccination has not had to contend 
with the various prejudices which, I am sorry to observe, still in 
some degree check its extension here. I firmly trust, however, 
through the blessing of Divine Providence, to find, before I sink 
into the tomb, that this, which you so justly term the deadliest 
enemy of the human race, has been every where completely 
subdued. I have only to add my best wishes for the lasting 
prosperity of this opulent and enlightened City; and to return you, 
Sir, my sincere thanks for the obliging manner in which you have 
been pleased to communicate the resolutions of the Common 
Council.' " 

It is rather strange that this honour should not have been 
specially mentioned in Dr. Baron's Life of Edward Jenner, M.D., 
London, 1838; but so it is, if I am not mistaken. "Jenner," as 
we may read in that work, vol. ii., p. 33, "continued to receive 
from many public bodies marks of distinction, all which he valued 
most highly, not only because they were grateful to his own heart, 
but because they materially contributed by the sanction attached to 
them to extend the practice which he had the happiness to discover. 
In this spirit he obtained the intelligence of a degree conferred on 
him by the Hawardian University of Cambridge, in Massachusetts. 
The diploma was transmitted by his friend Dr. Waterhouse, and it 
arrived in England during the spring of 1805. The Corporation of 
Dublin, about the same time, unanimously voted him the freedom 
of that city. In announcing this to Dr. Jenner, the officers of 
that respectable civic body transmitted a charge of somewhat about 
five pounds for his admission fees. This mode of making him 
open his purse strings for a gratuitous honour used often to excite 
a good-natured smile on his countenance when he adverted to the 
transaction." ABHBA. 

1281. ICOMB PARISH : LIST OF RECTORS. (See No. 174.) The 
patronage of this benefice formerly belonged to the priory of 
"Worcester, but more recently to the dean and chapter of that 
diocese, in which body it continues to be vested. The following 
list of Eectors may be acceptable : 



A.D. 

1240. W. de Scordiche. 

Nicholas de Chilbauton, d. 
1285. 

1285. Ralph de Wittheley. 

1286. Richard de Mitharn, or 

Michem. 

1322. Thomas de Wyke. 
1338. William de Aldebure. 



A.D. 

1351. John de Iccombe. 
1398. Richard Besseford. 
1400. John Webbe. 

1402. William Ybote. 

1403. Edmund Knyght. 
1433. Edmund Jannys. 
1443. William Povey. 
1445. Roland Banes. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 339 



A.D. 

1451. William Hoper, LL.D. 

1453. William Stevyns. 

1454. William Strangeford. 

1458. Thomas Hawkyns, M.A. 

1459. Thomas Hawkys. 

1459. Thomas Middilton. 

1460. Kichard Gardener. 
1465. John Preston. 
1479. Thomas Mannyng. 
1483. Kichard Browne. 

William Wye. 
1558. Andrew Dalowe. 

1573. John Langworth. 

1574. Antony Spurret. 



A.D. 

1616. Ralph Willet,* M.A. 

1662. Thomas Owen, M.A. 

1718. Dennys Payne. 

1724. Thomas Miles, M.A. 

1733. Thomas Jenner, D.D. 

1768. Thomas Pixell, M.A. 

1792. John Howard. 

1856. Samuel Meyrick Higgins. 

1864. Augustin Williams, pro- 
moted to the rectory of 
Todenham, 1882. 

1882. George Robinson Kewley, 
M.A., present rector. 

A. W. 



1282. INQUISITION OP THE MANOR OF PUCKLECHURCH, A.l). 
1189. The Rev. Canon Jackson, F.S.A., has edited for the 
Roxburghe Club, with a preface and glossarial notes, An Inquisition 
of the Manors of Glastonbury Abbey, of the year M.C.LXXXIX., 
London, 1882, 4to. The original MS. is in the possession of the 
Marquis of Bath, and is a small 4 to of 142 pages, each page 
containing exactly the same quantity of matter as in the printed 
copy. Surveys very similar to this one, in both substance and 
form, have been published within the last few years ; more particu- 
larly The Domesday of St. Paul's of A.D. 1222, and The Register 
of Worcester Priory of A.D. 1240, both ably edited, for the 
Camden Society, by the late Archdeacon Hale. This survey is 
therefore not novel in its kind ; but, as Canon Jackson has 
remarked, the claim which it has to be preserved by means of the 
press is, not only that it is by several years older than the two just 
mentioned, but that, with the single exception of the brief 
summary of manors in the Exchequer Domesday, it is the oldest 
known record of the possessions of the monastery of Glastonbury. 
It retains the original parchment cover, distinguished on the out- 
side by a very large letter A. The ink, though almost 700 years old, is, 
on the whole, well preserved ; and, the writing being square and 
so distinct as to leave scarcely a word about which there can be any 
doubt, it has been thought not unsafe, and certainly much more for 
the convenience of the reader, to substitute full for contracted 
syllables. This " Liber Henrici de Soliaco " (so called because the 
work of Henricus de Soliaco, who was abbot of Glastonbury, 1189- 
1192) does not appear to have been known to Bishop Tanner; at 
least, there is no reference to it by name in the schedule of 
Glastonbury documents printed in the Notitia Monastica of that 

* " In the chancel within the rails, on a plain free stone on the floor : ' Bad. Willet, in 
artibus magister, & rector hujus ecclesi 40 annos, obiit Septembria 18, 1666.' "Nash'* 
Worcttrthirt (1781-2), vol. ii. p. 2. 



340 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

learned prelate. It was, however, more than a hundred years ago 
seen and examined by Canon Arnold, of Wells, who died in 1779. 
From this and other Glastonbury documents to which he had 
access, he compiled a volume of Notes and Extracts, which was 
lent to Hutchins, the historian of Dorsetshire, in whose work (vol. 
ii., p. 352, ed. 1774 ; vol. iii., p. 692, new ed.), among the MiSS. 
seen by Arnold, this is named "An Ancient Custumary and 
Feodary of Glaston. made in the time of Henry de Soliaco marked 
A." It is not a complete account of the Glastonbury estates in 
1189, inasmuch as some which the monks certainly possessed in 
that year are not named at all ; while others, such as Mells, 
Doulting, and Marksbury, are mentioned in the first part among 
the lands held by homage and fealty, but the inquisitions of them 
by the jury are wanting. A few leaves are unfortunately lost, at 
pp. 32, 40, 94, and 142, and the account of Deverell (Longbridge) 
has disappeared altogether. The contents relate solely to the 
temporalities of the abbey in 1189. There is scarcely any allusion 
to its ecclesiastical patronage, rectories, vicarages, etc., nor is there 
any information regarding the discipline or employment of the 
monks, or the religious services, or the previous history of the abbey 
itself. 

The inquisition of Pucklechurch is comprised in pp. 95-102. 
After p. 94, four leaves (or eight pages) are missing in the original 
MS., whereby the account of Wrington is imperfect, and the 
particulars of one or two other estates are probably lost ; and after 
the break, at p. 95, the title, or heading, of the manor then under 
description is wanting ; but from the evidence of certain local 
names, it is, without doubt, PUCKLECHURCH, in Gloucestershire. 
For example, referring to p. 5, we find Richard de Holebroc doing 
fealty for lands in Holbroc ; and in the margin, Holbroc is named 
as being in Pucklechurch. At p. 100, 1. 16, Richard de Holebroc 
occurs again. There is a hamlet of the name of Holbrook in 
Pucklechurch. There are also the following coincidences in name : 
Haldelande, p. 96, 1. 6 (now Oldland); Chestelling-true, p. 97, 1. 13 
(now Chestles) ; Doddemore, p. 98, 1. 1 ; Nubelee, p. 99 (now 
Nibley) ; Warland, p. 100 ; Abbodestone, p. 101 (now Abson) ; 
and Wica, p. 101 (now Wick) all being local names which still 
exist within, or close to, the parish of Pucklechurch. 

One is almost tempted to transfer to these pages the inquisition 
of Pucklechurch as printed by Canon Jackson; but it would 
require more space than can be given at present, and to the volume 
we must refer the reader. It may be well, however, to mention 
here, in conclusion, that this Inquisition of the Manors of Glaston- 
bury Abbey may be divided into three parts : 

I. The names of landowners under the abbey holding by homage 
and fealty : the lands, quantities, and services. 

II. The officers and servants of the monastery itself, their rights 
and perquisites : the lands set apart for their maintenance, the 
pensions, corrodies, etc. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 841 

III. The inquisition of the several manors : the demesne, 
customary tenants, and the various tenures and services. 
And that in making this inquiry the mode of proceeding was as 
follows : A jury of the principal tenants in each manor was 
named, who were required to give a " veredictum," or true return, 
in answer to certain " capitula," or articles, submitted to them, viz. 

1 . How much each person holds. 

2. Every kind of service rendered by each. 

3. Who holds freely ; how much ; by what service, what warrant, 
and by whom granted, 

4. Whether during or since the time of Bishop Henry (of Blois) 
any land had been made free which used to be burdened with 
labour-service. By what warrant and how far it is free. 

5. What demesne land is in hand or let out to tenants freely or 
in villenage ; and whether it is better for the lord that it should 
remain as it is, or be recalled. ABHBA. 

1283. AWRE PARISH AND "STERNHOLD AND HOPKINS." 
In an account of the re-opening of ths church of this parish after 
extensive and thorough repairs (the cost of which had been defrayed 
chiefly through the liberality of Henry Crawshay, Esq., of 
Oaklands Park, who gave .2,200 towards the purpose), it is stated 
that this venerable building dates from the reign of Henry II., and 
that in the parish register, in use from the time of Henry VIII., 
A.D. 1538, until the year 1812, is an entry in these words : " Let 
it be remembered, for the honour of this parish, that from it first 
sounded out the Psalms of David in English metre, by Thomas 
Sternhold and John Hopkins ; the former lived in an estate near 
Blakeuey, called the Hay-field ; and the latter in an estate in the 
Tything of Awre, called the Wood-end. And in the house of the 
said John Hopkins there is now to be seen the arms of the Tudor 
family, being painted upon the wall of it ; and on both sides is 
written, in Saxon characters, the former part of the thirteenth 
chapter of St. Paul's Epistle to the Komans, which was done at 
that time, 'in perpetuam rei, sive operis, memoriarn."' j Q.. 

1284. THE MARTYRDOM OF BISHOP HOOPER (See No. 23.) 
The Very Eev. Henry Montagu Butler, D.D., Dean of Gloucester, 
preached in Gloucester Cathedral on Sunday, February 14, 1886, 
on the martyrdom of Bishop Hooper. His text was Acts vii., 59, 
60, relative to the martyrdom of Stephen ; and the following are 
the portions of his sermon which are suitable for insertion in these 
pages : 

Right dear in the sight of the Lord is the death of His 
saints, and never surely dearer than when, like Stephen, like Paul, 
like Polycarp, like Alban, like Boniface, like our own Hooper, like 
Coleridge Patteson within our memory, like Hannington even 
within the last few weeks, they give up their lives when they might 



342 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

have saved them, because they count nothing so precious as simple 
devotion to Him. There is, I suppose, no title of earth so dear to 
the heart of our countrymen as the title of " martyr." It is, if we 
think, saint and hero in one. It joins together in loveliest union 
holiness and courage. It shows the weak things of the world 
conquering the mighty. Best of all, the presence or the memory 
of a martyr assures us, by an irresistible Christian instinct, of the 
real presence of the Son of God. It is not the martyr alone, but 
also the witnesses of his martyrdom, who see heaven open and 
Jesus sitting at the right hand of God. These thoughts have been 
suggested partly by the recent murder of the good missionary 
bishop which seems no longer to be matter of doubt, and partly by 
the return in the course of last week of that melancholy but 
glorious day when, just 331 years ago, our own citizens heard from 
the lips of a martyr, in his prolonged death agony, these words, the 
very words of Stephen, "Lord Jesus, receive my spirit." And 
when he had said this he too, like Stephen, "fell asleep." It may not 
be without its use to remind you, my friends, however briefly and 
imperfectly, of the character of this holy man, the one man to 
whom Gloucester has raised a public monument. We would 
neither idolise nor disparage him. We would, if it might be, 
learn of him. We would humbly seek to follow him as he faith- 
fully followed Christ. 

John Hooper was not one of the greatest men of the heroic period 
of the Eeformation, but he was one of the purest. He was not a 
great theologian, nor a great ecclesiastical statesman ; but as a 
Christian he was most holy, as a student of Scripture he hungered 
and thirsted after truth, as a missionary longing for the evangel- 
isation of the mass of his countrymen he was most loving and 
laborious, as a bishop he was a true father in God. He was born 
in our neighbouring Somersetshire. After his early Oxford days, 
to which we shall presently revert, he became a monk, first at a 
Cistercian monastery in his native county, secondly at the Black 
Friars in this city, at the memorable time when the monasteries 
were dissolved. He was here, not as a Keformer, but as a monk, 
when our old grey Abbey became a Cathedral, and when the last of 
a long line of abbots, a loyal adherent of Henry's much-injured 
wife, Catherine of Arragon, gave place to the first bishop. Thus 
we have a triple hold on Hooper. He was ours as a young monk- 
student, little dreaming what great things he should suffer for the 
new creed. He was ours some forty years later as a bishop. He 
was ours four years later still as a martyr. It is worth observing 
that the prominent actors in life generally owe far more than the 
world imagines to the great scholars and the great thinkers. 
Hooper went to Oxford in his 19th year. There he met the greatest 
scholar of the age, the famous Erasmus ; a man not indeed of the 
heroic mould he himself repeatedly said that he was not made to 
be a martyr but a genuine lover of learning, aud above all of the 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 343 

knowledge of the Scriptures. He it was who first published in 
printed form, just two years after Hooper went to Oxford, the New 
Testament in the original Greek, together with a Latin translation, 
and handed to the future champions of the Keformation the 
weapons with which they were to pull down long entrenched 
strongholds of error. There, too, it seems almost certain that 
Hooper met the illustrious William Tyndale, the translator a few 
years after of the New Testament into English the author, that 
is, of the version of which all later translations, including the 
latest of all, presided over by our own Bishop, are but reverent 
revisions, not ambitious rivals. It stirs us even now to read that 
at the Oxford of those days, so pregnant with the coming life of 
the Church, "several of the younger members of the University 
gathered round Tyndale and read with him the Greek and Latin 
Gospels of Erasmus." Those were indeed memorable "Bible 
Classes ! " He who conducted them, Tyndale himself, and one, we 
cannot doubt, of his most eager pupils, John Hooper, were destined 
in God's providence to pay for those happy student hours by being, 
the one strangled, the other burnt, for the holy faith then planted 
and watered. But we must not linger over Hooper's early life. 
He incurred the suspicion of Gardiner, the powerful bishop of 
Winchester. When Henry, at Gardiner's instigation, promulgated 
the famous " Six Articles " known at the time and since as " the 
Bloody Act," or " the Whip with six strings " Hooper escaped to 
Germany in disguise. The ten years or so spent there and in 
Switzerland were in great measure the seedtime of his life. At 
Zurich he came into the hands of a strong man. He made the 
acquaintance of Bullinger, the pupil and successor of the famous 
Zwingli, the father of one section of Swiss Protestantism. 
Bullinger's influence seems to have had more power over him than 
that of any other man. It gave him that particular place among 
the men of the Reformation by which he has since been known. 
He was not the most enlightened of them, nor the most large- 
minded ; but more than almost any he was the declared enemy of 
every outward form and symbol which could in any way recall the 
customs, and through the customs the errors, of the Roman 
faith. Then it doubtless was that he conceived that horror of 
episcopal vestments which so long delayed, and almost prevented, 
his own consecration. He came back to England soon after the 
accession of the young and pious Edward the Sixth, and was 
almost, immediately named Bishop of Gloucester. After the settle- 
ment of the vestment difficulty, on which it is not worth while to 
.linger, he was consecrated, and settled down to his duties here. 
The picture of this period of his life, short as it was, covering not 
more than two years, is full of Christian beauty. His zeal in 
stirring up and instructing his clergy ; his minute enquiries into 
the religious life of his people throughout the diocese ; his mar- 
vellous activity in preaching, sometimes four times a-day an activity, 



344 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

I suppose, rarely equalled except by our yet greater Gloucester 
preacher, George Whitefield, who often, it is said, preached forty 
hours in one week, and sometimes sixty; again, his untiring energy 
in travelling about his diocese, " leaving neither plans untaken, nor 
ways unsought, how to train up the flock of Christ in the true 
way of salvation ;" lastly, his munificent hospitality to the poor 
and the destitute at his own house all this is told in any of the 
histories of his life, notably in that touching history from which all 
others are derived, Foxe's famous Book of Martyrs. But we must 
hasten on to the clearly-foreseen close. The death of Edward VI. 
and the accession of Mary in a moment changed Hooper's position. 
It was soon evident that his prophetic farewell to Bullinger at 
Zurich, uttered some four years before, was shortly to be fulfilled. 
" I will write to you," he said, " from time to time ; but the last 
news of all I shall not be able to write, for there, where I shall 
take most pains, I shall be burnt to ashes." He was deprived of 
his bishopric. He was thrown into prison in London. He remained 
there a year and-a-half. During part of the time at least he was, 
to quote his own words, "used extremely ill." The arrangements 
of the prison were, as in the case of John Huss 150 years before, 
of the foulest and filthiest kind. " I had," says Hooper, " nothing 
appointed to me for my bed but a little pad of straw and a rotten 
covering, the chamber being vile and stinking, until by God's 
means good people sent me bedding to lie on. On one side of the 
prison is the sink and filth of the house, and on the other the town 
ditch, so that the stench of the house hath infected me with sundry 
diseases." I quote such noisome details because it is well that we 
should remember what martyrdom once meant. We think generally 
of just the final scene, when there was much to stir and nerve a 
brave spirit. We do not think enough of the long weary 
months, the foul accompaniments, the brutalities of the gaoler, the 
failing health, the " hope " or even the despair " deferred," the 
harassing examination before cruel and crafty enemies, the lone- 
liness, the wakefulness, aye save to the stoutest and most faithful 
hearts, such as Hooper's the apparent desertion by God ! Can we 
wonder that in this case, when at last the long farce of justice was 
over, when Bonner had visited the condemned man in Newgate 
and formally degraded him from his priestly office, and when the 
keeper of the prison had given him a hint that he would be sent 
to Gloucester to suffer death, he should, as we read, have " rejoiced 
thereat very much, lifting up his eyes and hands to heaven, and 
praising God that He saw it good to send him among the people 
over whom he was pastor, there to confirm with his death the truth 
which he had before taught them, not doubting that the Lord 
would give him strength to perform the same to His glory 1 " In 
this undoubting hope he was, as we know, not disappointed. In 
all that followed during the few early days of that memorable 
February " the Lord stood by His servant and strengthened him." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 345 

On Tuesday, the 6th, about break of day, " he leaped cheerfully 
on horseback, and so took his journey joyfully to Gloucester." On 
the Thursday he arrived here about five o'clock in the afternoon. 
And then we read of much time spent in prayer, and of the most 
touching interview with Sir Anthony Kingston, one of the com- 
missioners appointed to superintend the execution, whom the good 
bishop had in earlier years rescued from evil ways. " Well, my 
lord," said this unwilling minister of justice, after trying in vain to 
induce him to recant, " then there is no remedy, and I will take 
my leave. I thank God that ever I knew you, for God appointed 
you to call me, being a lost child. I was both an adulterer and a 
fornicator, and God, by your good instruction, brought me to the 
forsaking of the same." "They parted, the tears on both their 
faces." In the evening the mayor and aldermen came, with the 
sheriffs, to shake hands with him. "It was a sign," he said, "of 
their goodwill, and a proof that they had not forgotten the lessons 
which he used to teach them." He made one request. He begged 
the sheriffs that there might be "a quick fire, to make an end 
shortly ; and for himself he would be as obedient as they could 
wish." 

We will not dwell on the last sad scene. It is doubtless well 
known to many here. When a soul is at the gates of heaven we 
care not to read of human malice, and coarsely obtruded temptation, 
and green moist fagots, and needlessly prolonged torture. What 
we care rather to think of is the firm faith, the simple courage, the 
forgiving temper, and the last articulate words, the true words for 
every deathbed, whether in the chamber or at the stake, the words 
of the first martyr, the words of Hampden in the agony of his 
wound, the words doubtless of many a sufferer in our hospitals in 
this city, the words it may well be of you, brethren, and of me, at 
our last hour, and God grant the prayer may then be fulfilled, 
" Lord Jesus, receive my spirit ! " 

1285. BERKELEY CASTLE, CIRCA A.D. 1221. The following 
letter (translated) from Royal and other Historical Letters illustrative 
of the reign of Henry III., vol. i., p. 178 (Master of the Bolls' 
Series), has a local interest: additional particulars are given in 
Smyth's Lives of the Berkeley s, vol. i., pp. 107-8. j ^ jj. 

To his dearest friend the lord Hubert de Burgh, justiciary of 
England, his devoted William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, sends 
greeting, with sincere affection. 

We have caused it to be made known to your goodheartedness, 
in which from our frequent experience we have full confidence, 
that Thomas de Berkelay, brother and heir of Eobert de Berkelay, 
has taken our niece in marriage ; and inasmuch as for some time 
past he has been bound and confederate with us, so that in nowise 
could he leave us, nor be separated from our plans, we make 



VOL. III. 



AA 



346 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

supplication to you as a most attached friend, that, by reason of our 
love and service, you would not permit that the said Thomas be 
any longer kept from his rights and inheritance by the Earl of 
Salisbury, who occupies his castle and inheritance of Berkelay, 
contrary to right, and the custom of the realm and the law of the 
land. And, if it pleases you, remember how, in your presence, the 
same Earl of Salisbury said and affirmed that he would in nowise 
cause injury to any for the disturbance of the kingdom, and that 
he would the more regard us, and the tranquillity of the Lord the 
King and the realm. Eut since he has manifestly broken this 
agreement, we pray you diligently and earnestly, that, if it pleases 
you, you will give diligence to amend this, and do not suffer the 
said Thomas, who has been so bound to us that we neither can, nor 
wish to, be without him, to be so injuriously harassed and troubled 
concerning his inheritance by the said Earl of Salisbury ; so acting 
that we, who are always your own, may be held to be dearer and 
more devoted to you and yours all our days. Farewell. 

Indorsed. To the lord Justiciary of England, on behalf of the 
lord Thomas de Berkelay. 

1286. GLOUCESTERSHIRE INQUISITIONES-POST-MORTEM. The 
value of such documents is fully known to the genealogist. It 
may, however, be well to mention that until the abolition of certain 
of the feudal tenures in the time of the Commonwealth inquiries, 
or inquests, were held before a jury by the escheator of each 
county on the death of every tenant in chief, to enable the 
Exchequer to collect the Crown dues. The returns of the jury give 
the following particulars : 1, The name, and frequently the 
residence, and position in life of the tenant ; 2, The lands of which 
he died seized ; 3, The rents and services by which they were held ; 
4, The date of his death ; and 5, The name and age of his next heir. 
Frequently also family settlements and wills are set out in detail. 
These inquisitions were forwarded to the Court of Chancery. They 
are now preserved in the Public Eecord Office, and are almost 
complete from 1219 to 1644. In consequence of certain abuses which 
arose, the Court of Wards and Liveries was established in the reign 
of Henry VIII., and to it were forwarded transcripts of the inqui- 
sitions until its abolition in 1644. Having recently searched the 
index to the inquisitions, I have noted all those of Gloucestershire 
under the initials A, B, and C; and this list will, I think, be 
useful to many who may not have access to the Record Office. It 
is much to be desired that a way may be found to print abstracts 
of all those relating to this county, just as the Eecord Society 
has done for Lancashire and Cheshire. A series of Gloucestershire 
records, if not printed in extenso, but with useless verbiage clipped 
off, would doubtless be much appreciated by those local antiquaries 
and others who have neither time nor opportunity to examine the 
originals for themselves. A good start has been made by 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 347 



Mr. Wadley in his valuable Notes of Bristol Wills, lately issued 
under the auspices of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archseo- 
logical Society. Such records as inquisitiones-post-mortem, marriage 
licences, parish registers, wills, subsidy rolls, and manorial rolls, at 
once occur to us as amongst the documents which ought without 
any delay to be rendered more available than they are at present. 
If any Gloucestershire antiquary feels interested in this suggestion, 
I shall be glad to hear from him, with the view of taking steps 
towards printing a series of some of the records which I have 
mentioned. w p w PHILLIMORE) MA>> B C L 

124, Chancery Lane, London, W.C. 

The list referred to above is as follows : 



37 Hen. VIII. Thomas Abyngton 

. John Arnold 
3-4 Edw. VI. William Aylberton 



5-6 
1-3 Mary 
5-6 Eliz. 
9-11 
18-19,, 



Temp. 

Jas. I. and- 

Chas. I. 



Thomas Atkyns 
Eichard Androwes 
Anthony Aylworth 
Richard Aylworth 
Maurice Ap Howell 
Anthony Alborough 
Eichard Aylworth 
'Eichard Atkins 
John Aylworthe 
Eichard Atkinson 
Giles Addams al s 

Denfield 
Eichard Andrewes 
John Atkins 
^Lawrence Allway 






35 Hen. VIII. Matthew Bucke 
,, Giles Bassett 

2 Edw. VI. John Bridgeman 

3-4 Walter Byrtt 
Sic Wm. Barkeley 
John Butler 

5-7 Eliz. Walter Blisse 

6 John Bocher al s Eobins 
Edward Barrow 
Eobert Brayne 
Thomas Burcombe 
Geo. Bonde 
Wm. Bridgeman 
Eichard Bartlett 
Thomas Bridgeman 



11-12 
12-14 
17-18 
18-20 
20-24 

)} 
36 



43-44 John Browne 

Thomas Bampton 

Jas. I. Humphrey Bridges 

Sir Eich. Barkeley 

John Bishop 

Thomas Brayne 

James Berrow 

I Humphrey Bridges 
4 ,, Thomas Beale 

6 ,, Henry Barkeley 

7 William Broade 
,, ,, Thomas Ballarde 

,, Wm. Bothe al s Jackson 
William Banuster 
Wm. Butler 
,, ,, John Barker 
Thomas Bravell 

9 Thomas Beale 
,, ,, Charles Bicke 

10 Samuel Broade 

,, ,, Eowlande Baughe 
,, Tho. Barston al s Eundle 
Sir Tho. Barkeley 
,, ,, Thomas Baynham 

II ,, Eobert Bloxam 
,, Arthur Barker 

,, Henry, Lord Berkeley 
Jos. Baynham 
,, ,, William Blomer 

12 Wm. Burrows 

13 Sir Hugh Browne 

16 William Brache 

17 John Bownes 
Thomas Byrd 



348 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 



17 

jj jj 

18 

jj jj 

19 
jj jj 
jj >j 
jj jj 

jj jj 
21 

AL 

JJ JJ 

21(),, 

22 

JJ J) 

JJ JJ 

JJ JJ 

2 Chas. 
3 



jj 
6 

jj 

7 

9 

11 

14 



jj 
15 



3 

JJ 
JJ JJ 



John Becke 
William Baldwin 
John Bond 
Henry Browne 
George Bennett 
John Baugh 
Thomas Brayne 
Eichard Bridges 
William Baldwin 
Eobert Bathurste 
William Bouchier 
Eobert Batherst 
Sir Henry Blomer 
Anthony Bartlett 
William Bence 
Samuel Blunt 
I. Thomas Baylie 
John Bridges 
Eichard Bennett 
William Bridges 
William Baughe 
Thomas Burnell 
Edward Bromwich 
Thomas Banaster 
John Bennett 
Thomas Bush 
John Blomer 
John Browne 
John Barker 



37 Hen. VIII. James Clifford 

1 Edw. VI. Eobert Gassy 

2 Thomas Chambre 
Thomas Culpeper 
1-3 Eliz. James Chester 
11-12 John Crocker 
20-24 Giles Colley, or Cowley 
26-29 William 

37 William Compton 
44 Thomas Cripps 
49 ,, Gregory Canninge 
1-2 Jas. I. Thomas Cowley 
1-3 ,, Edward Chester 
2-5 



3-7 



John Cole 
Arthur Carnbe 



3-7 



5-6 
6 



jj 

9 

10 

10-12 

11 



33 
> 
> 

12 

14 
15 
1C 
17 



19 
21 



2 Chas. I. 



6 

7 

8 
9 

i'l 

12 
13 

16 



Wm. Clotterbooke 
Elizabeth Clutterbuck 
Wm. Chester 
Thomas Cole 
Eichard Canynge 
Eichard Carpenter 
William Clement 
Henry Champneys 
Frances Came 
Eich. Codrington 
William Coton 
James Clifford 
John Cowper 
William Chad well 
Eichard Coleman 
James Cartwright 
Thomas Cowley 
William Compton 
John Carpenter 
John Cox well 
Mary Calye 
George, Lord Chandos 
William Cleveley 
Eich. Clutterbuck 
Samuel Coxwell 
Wm. Clotterbuck 
Ealph Coton 
Geo. Cowles 
John Carter 
John Croker 
Edward Canning 
Simon Codrington 
Margaret Cook 
Edmund Carpenter 
Thomas Cowper 
Walter Compton 
Tobias Chapman 
Thomas Gassy 
William Crew 
Tobias Chapman 
William Catchmay 
Eabian Clutterbuck 
Eichard Cooper 
Henry Cooper 



1287. THOMAS LLOYD, A SQUIRE OF THE SEVENTEENTH 
CENTURY. (See No. 999. ) In my former paper I gave a biographical 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 349 

notice of Thomas Lloyd, who owned a great estate in the parish 
of Wheatenhurst, otherwise Whitminster, who, towards the close 
of his life, was located in Gloucester, and became one of its 
benefactors, and who, on Dec. 22, 1668, was buried with great pomp, 
our citizens of the time, not of mushroom growth, going. into general 
and sincere mourning; and I quoted at length from a learned 
oration delivered at his funeral obsequies by his intimate associate, 
Thomas Woolnough, rector of St. Michael's. And I showed that 
Thomas Woolnough was a divine held in high estimation by the 
famous Sir Mathew Hale, Lord Chief Justice of England, himself 
a Gloucestershire worthy, and intimately connected with our county. 

I took exception to the declaration of Sir Robert Atkyns in his 
History of Glostershire (1712), repeated in a subsequent edition of 
his work, who, under the head of Wheatenhurst, has averred that 
" Thomas Lloyd died without issue 1658, whereby George Lloyd, 
his brother and heir, became seised of the manor." I stated that 
the date 1658 mentioned by Atkyns was incorrect; that he had 
mistaken Thomas Lloyd, the father, for Thomas Lloyd, the son, 
and that the year 1668 was the correct date of the decease of the 
veritable Thomas Lloyd, the younger, whom George Lloyd, the 
brother, succeeded in the estate. A remarkable verification of my 
correction of Atkyns, and of other local historians who have 
followed in his wake, has come into my possession this very day 
[Feb. 23, 1886] in the form of a parchment document, which I have 
succeeded in having unearthed from London archives, and which I 
shall have pleasure in showing to any archaeologist who may feel 
interested in the matter. 

The parchment writing is over two hundred and twenty years 
old, being dated March 18, 1665, and bears the autograph of 
Thomas Lloyd, then in the flesh, whom Atkyns had caused to be 
entombed seven years earlier ; it also has the signature of George 
Lloyd, the brother and heir of Thomas Lloyd. This parchment 
deed conveys to Richard Fryer, of Overton, in the parish of 
Arlingham, "wood and woodland" then known as The Lloyde' s 
Grove. The deed may be interesting to archaeologists from other 
names embodied therein. It purports to have been executed " in 
the sixteenthe yeare of the raigne of our Sovraigne Lord Charles 
the Second." There is record of Elizabeth, the wife of Thomas 
Lloyde, of Thomas Yate, and Richard Butt, owners of land; of 
William Daniel], yeoman, of Overton, and John Hill, yeoman, of 
Fretherne, which two yeomen were appointed to be " the true and 
lawful attorneyes " to act for the said Thomas Lloyde and George 
Lloyde. There are also the names of Edward Haynes, Richard 
Carter, John King, and Jonathan Luffingham, with the mark 
appended of Henry Hay ward. The signatures of Thomas Lloyde 
and George Lloyde will be interesting to those who regard hand- 
writing as an index to character. That of Thomas Lloyd is 
indicative of the man of sentiment; that of George Lloyd of a 



350 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

man who valued the siller for money sake. The mark of Henry 
Hay ward is not a cross now in general use with those who cannot 
write their names, but consists of two perpendicular lines, with a 
horizontal line half-way up and of course half-way down, which 
may be, or may not be, of hieroglyphical importance, but why not a 
cross 1 

The old family of Yate appears to have died out, but the families 
of Butt and Carter remain. Hodges Carter, of Gloucester, gave to 
the parish of Arlingham for ever the interest on the sum of two 
hundred pounds for the deserving poor who had never sought 
parish relief. The Hills and the Kings have migrated, and the 
Daniells have disappeared. The Luffinghams are gone no one 
knows whither, unless the family of that name in the metropolis 
can claim to be of kin. HENRY JEFFS. 

Gloucester. 

1288. GLOUCESTERSHIRE GENEALOGY. In the preface to The 
Visitation of the County of Gloucester, 1623, edited for the 
Harleian Society by Sir John Maclean, F.S.A., and W. C. Heaiie, 
M.E.C.S. (London, 1885), those who desire further information on 
Gloucestershire Genealogy are referred to the following authorities : 

HERALDS' VISITATIONS. 
.................. Caius Coll., Camb., MS. 553, Art. 6. 

1530 Benolte Original Coll. of Arms, MS. H. 20. 

1569 Cooke ...... MSS. D. 12 ; G. 9, f.74. 

1583 -- ...... Brit. Mus., Harl. MS. 1041, f. 18. 

With ) 1 KAO 

- ,,.,. } - - 1543. 

additions ) 

- ...... Coll. of Arms, Vincent MS. 115. 

1623 Cainden byChit ty^ J Brit> ^ ^ Mg< 1Q41> f> ^ 



, - 1543. 

additions ) 

- ...... Coll. of Arms, MS. C. 1 7. 

HERALDIC COLLECTIONS. 

Pedigrees of many ancient Gloucestershire Families. Brit. Mus., 

Harl. MS. 2121, f. 72. 
Pedigrees and Arms of Gloucestershire Families. ' Brit. Mus., 

Harl. MSS. 1191, 6174, 6185. 
Pedigrees of Gloucestershire Families. Coll. of Arms, Philipot 

MSS. 16 L., 37 L., 14 P., 15 P. 
Pedigrees copied from the Visitations of Worcestershire, Hereford- 

shire, and Gloucestershire, taken 1569. Ashm. Lib. 831. 
Arms, with some Descents, from the Visitation of 1569. Brit. 

Mus., Harl. MS. 2230, f. 92. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 351 

Pedigrees from the Visitation of 1569. Brit. Mus., Harl. MS. 

615, f. 173. 
Arms and Pedigrees from the Visitation of 1583. Brit. Mus.. 

Harl. MS. 1041, f. 18. 
Pedigrees of Gloucestershire Families to 1619. Caius Coll., Carnb 

MS. 553, f. 184. 
Arms and Pedigrees of Gloucestershire Families, circa 1634 

Brit. Mus., Harl. MS. 6139. 
Arms of the Nobility and Gentry of Gloucestershire. Brit. Mus., 

Harl. MS. 1042, f. 79. 

Arms of Gloucestershire Families. Queen's Coll., Oxf., MS. xcviii. 
Arms borne by the Nobility and Gentry of the County of 

Gloucester. Gloucester, 1786, 4to. 
Collections for Gloucestershire by the Rev. S. Lysons. Brit. Mus., 

Add. MS. 9458. GENEALOGIST. 

1289. MAJOR-GENERAL RICHARD DEANE: HIS PARENTAGE AND 
BIRTHPLACE. An Svo of more than 700 pages, entitled The Life 
of Richard Deane, Major- General and General-at-Sea in the service 
of the Commonwealth, and one of the Commissioners of the High 
Court of Justice appointed for the Trial of King Charles the First, 
was published in London in 1870. It was written by the Rev. 
John Bathurst Deane, M.A., F.S.A., Rector of St. Martin-Outwich, 
London ; and it is a highly interesting record of " a brave man, 
who, whatever may have been his faults as a disloyal subject, was 
in the adoption of his cause 'an honest man,' and in the prosecution 
of it a bold and unflinching one ; who, actuated by a strong, even 
if mistaken, sense of religion, evinced the earnestness of his con- 
victions and the sincerity of his patriotism by laying down his life 
for his country when he might easily, and even justifiably, have 
avoided the danger on the plea of the public service." My object 
at present is to draw attention to his parentage and the place of 
his nativity ; and with this in view, I cannot, I think, do better 
than send a few paragraphs upon the subject from pp. 47-50 of 
Mr. Deane's volume. GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

The persistence of the tradition of the " Ipswich hoy," in which 
Richard Deane was said to have served his first apprenticeship to 
the sea, seemed to me so remarkable, that I could not rest satisfied 
until I had consulted someone well versed in the history and 
records of that town, for a corroboration or refutation of the story. 
Such a person appeared in the late Mr. Fitch, who kindly sent me 
the following reply [dated Ipswich, October 26, 1846] to my 
inquiries : " Some years ago I took great pains to ascertain what 
connection Richard Deane had with this town, and I could not find 
his name in any of the corporation books or accounts. If he was 
born here, his name would be in the register ; and if he lived here, 
it would have been in the accounts." Mr. Fitch concluded from 



352 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

these omissions that " Richard Deane, the Regicide," was neither 
born, nor apprenticed, nor resident at Ipswich a conclusion which 
I was afterwards enahled to confirm, by the accidental discovery of 
a manuscript epitaph in the British Museum [Add. MSS. -4022], 
which directed me to the county and place of his birth. The 
commencement of the epitaph was as follows : 

"Siste, Viator. 

Suspice Ricardi Deane quod reliquum est. 
Oritur ubi Isis in agro Glocestriensi, Cotswolli montibus, 
Moritur ubi Tamesis in Freto Britannico, 
Quo in fonte natus, eodem in fluvio 

Denatus est." 

Following this clue, I examined the registers of above forty 
parishes of the Cotswold district, and was rewarded by the dis- 
covery of the required baptismal register in the parish church of 
Guyting Poher, or Lower Guyting, near Winchcombe : 

"1610. Anno Dm 1610 

y e viii daie of Julie was baptized 

Richard Deene y e sonne of 

Edward Deene." 

The name of Richard Deane's mother is not mentioned in the 
register, but I found it afterwards in a pedigree, hereafter set forth, 
to be Anne Wass [or Wase]. She was the second wife of Edward 
Deane, and Richard was their eldest child. 

It will be remarked that the name in the above extract from the 
register is spelt with two ee, instead of ea ; which in a name less 
susceptible of variation might impugn the identity of the person 
who in every other record is Richard Deane. But when we find 
in this very register book the same name spelt nine different ways, 
the objection vanishes. For we find Deane, Deene, Deine, Dean, 
A'Deane, Adeane, aDayne, Adeyne, and Adeine, all designating 
members of the same family ! The very father of Richard is 
indifferently called (Edward) Deine, Adayne, Adeane, and Deane / 
So that, as far as the mere spelling is to be regarded, there is no 
difficulty in the identification of Richard Deane and Richard Deene. 
As this was the only Richard Deene to be found in the forty 
registers searched, and as one of the sources of the Isis is in the 
adjoining parish of Temple Guyting, and the rivulet "Windrush, 
which it supplies, flows through Guyting Poher, there seemed to be 
no doubt that in Guyting Poher I had discovered the birthplace of 
"Richard Deane, the Regicide." But it may be said that the 
Windrush does not rise in Guyting Poher, and the expression 
" Oritur ubi Isis" may be only figurative. By a singular coincidence 
I am enabled to prove that this poetical expression is literally true. 
For the family of Deane, although always baptised and buried in 
Guyting Poher, were actually resident at Farmcot, in the parish of 
Temple Guyting, in which the source of the Windrush, or Isis, is 
to be found. They lived at the Woodhouse, in the hamlet of 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 353 

Farmcot, wliich being only half a mile from Guyting Poher church, 
and above a mile and a half from Temple Guyting, was the cause 
of their adopting the former as their family church. " Oritur ubi 
Isis " is therefore strictly accurate. 

But there is one desideratum in the epitaph, and that a very 
important one. No mention is made of the age of Eichard Deane 
at the time of his death, and therefore no just inference can be 
drawn from it as to the date of his birth. These two Eichards may, 
after all, be different persons ! By another curious and singular 
coincidence I am enabled to remove this doubt also, by reference 
to another document in the library of the British Museum, viz., a 
woodcut engraving of the funeral car of Admiral Eichard Deane. 
This engraving (of which there is a duplicate in the Bodleian) [and 
of which Mr. Deane has supplied a copy, p. 679] is at the head of 
an elegy, printed on the occasion of the public funeral of " The 
General-at-Sea," in June, 1653, and bears the date " setatis suse 42," 
which expresses, with sufficient funereal accuracy, the age of the 
Eichard Deane who was baptised at Guyting Poher, July 8, 1610, 
and who had passed his forty-second, but had not completed his 
forty-third, year on the 2nd of June, 1653, the day on which he 
fell. There remains therefore no reasonable doubt of the identity, 
and the story of the " hoyman-born " child "of Ipswich" is 
reduced to the penultimate point of evanescence. 

1290. SIR EDWARD FYTTON, BART., OF GAWSWORTH, OB. 1643. 
There is mention of an interesting matter relative to Bristol in 
Earwaker's admirable East Cheshire : Past and Present (London, 
1877-80), vol. ii., p. 583, and I shall be glad to see the particulars 
in your pages. 

In Gaws worth Church there is an altar tomb, surmounted by the 
effigies of a knight in armour and his first wife, with their little 
daughter kneeling at their head. The monument, of which 
Mr. Earwaker has furnished an illustration, was adorned with a 
canopy, which was taken down in the year 1855. There is a long 
Latin inscription, setting forth the good qualities of the old family 
of the Eyttons, and the unswerving loyalty of the last of their line; 
and it is a good specimen of the epitaphs of the time. " Ibi 
[Bristollise] fidum cor, cerebrum, et mollia viscera in B. Petri 
Templo fragili vrna conduntur." The fact, thus attested, of the 
burial of the heart, etc., of Sir Edward Fytton in a fragile urn in 
St. Peter's Church, Bristol, is, I think, noteworthy. The inscription 
in Gawsworth Church, translated into English, is as follows : 

"Among most illustrious ancestors, himself the greatest, Sir 
Edward Fytton, of Gawsworth, Baronet, is here laid, who at the 
same time ended the most ancient race of Fyttons and completed 
it, the last and the first, so the Fates decreed. Of a truth, in order 
that he might add the finishing touch to the ancient splendour of 
his line, he united in himself the virtues and renown of all, 
dignity, strength, comeliness of body, brilliancy, fidelity, and 



354 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

uprightness of mind. This (position) came to him naturally,, 
because he was brought up in the lap of peace, but when involved 
in the furies of war, no one thundered forth more loudly, nor dealt 
more nobly in warlike matters, in which he had had no experience.. 
By Charles (most blessed martyr) he was appointed a commander, 
and he remained faithful to him in his troubles and dangers, and 
brought him welcome assistance with no mean forces, first at Edge- 
hill, where on a bloody day, as commander of the royal artillery, 
he shattered the rebel squadrons with his artillery fire, afterwards, 
at JBanbury, Brainford, Reading, and in many other places, never 
without praise and renown, together with his own Cheshire men, 
he behaved most bravely; at length at Bristol, the city being taken, 
aixd he victorious, alas, he fell ! He married two wives, both most 
excellent women ; the first, Jane, daughter of Sir John Trevor, of 
90. Denbigh, Knt._, by whom lie had one little daughter, prematurely 
snatched away. The other, but second to none, was Felicia, the 
daughter of Ralph Sneyd, of co. Stafford, Esq., whom he left the 
more sad, because childless. He died at Bristol in August, in 
which month he was also born, in the year 1643, in the 43rd 
[really 40th] year of his age. There his faithful heart, his brain, 
and soft entrails are buried in a fragile urn in the church of 
St. Peter. The rest of his body was first buried at Oxford on 
account of warlike disturbances, and thence at length, after an 
interval of twenty years, unbroken, unharmed, it was brought here. 
He rests, as he wished, in the bosom of his own most loved 
Gawsworth, owing to the pious care of the Right Hon. Charles 
Gerard, Lord [Gerard, of] Brandon [Earl of Macclesfield, 1679], 
his sister's son, whom he appointed his heir. Let posterity honour 
him." 

This instance of heart-burial is, I think, remarkable, but it does 
not seem to have attracted the notice of any Bristol historian. The 
rector of St. Peter's, the Rev. Wm. Tyndale Hollins, has very 
kindly searched the parish records for mention of the fact, but 
unsuccessfully, the registers dating only from the year 1653. Burke, 
it may be well to add, has stated in his Extinct and Dormant 
Baronetcies, that after the death of Sir Edward, who was the second 
and last baronet, a violent dispute arose between the above-named 
Lord Brandon and Alexander Fytton, Esq., for the inheritance of 
the estates ; and that a very curious tract was published in 1663, 
giving a narrative of the proceedings. ABHBA 

1291. "A CERTIFICATE MAN." I send you an extract from 
the baptismal register of Slymbridge : 

" Samuel, the son of James Daw, a Certificate Man of Frampton, 
was Baptized Feb. 19 fch , 17." 

What may be the meaning of a " Certificate Man 1 " An answer 
will oblige. CHABLES HENRY RIDDING. 

Slymbridge Rectory. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 355 

1292. GIFT OF BIBLES BY JOHN GARY, OF BRISTOL. In a 
" List of Books given to Bath Abbey Church in beginning of 17th 
Century " this item appears : 

" Mr. John Gary, of the cittie of Bristol, draper, gave three 
Bibles to this church ; (viz.) a French Bible, an Italian Bible, and 
a Spanish Bible, with the chaynes and deske belonging to them." 

I shall be glad to know any particulars of this worthy tradesman, 
and whether his gifts are forthcoming. G A W 

1293. A GLOUCESTER PHENOMENON. I quote what follows 
from Bacon's Sylva Sylvarum (ed. 1677), p. 39: "There is a 
Church at Glocester, (and as I have heard, the like is in some other 
places,) where if you speak against the Wall softly, another shall 
hear your Voice better a good way off, than near hand. Inquire 
more particularly of the frame of that place. I suppose there is 
some Vault, or Hollow, or Isle, behind the Wall, and some passage 
to it, towards the further end of that Wall against which you 
speak : So as the Voice of him that speaketh slideth along the 
Wall, and then entreth at some passage, and communicateth with 
the Air of the Hollow j for it is preserved somewhat by the plain 
Wall ; but that is too weak to give a Sound audible, till it hath 
communicated with the back Air." To what church does the 
author allude 1 Is this phenomenon still to be noticed 1 Has the 
word Isle above the same extension as our Aisle ? Gruter seems to 
have thought so, as he translates the word ambulacrum (ed. Elz. 
1661, p. 99). Bacon's description would lead one to suppose that 
he intended a hollow passage constructed in the thickness of the 
wall, terminating in an insula or isle a space in which sound 
would be insulated. Johnson attributed the spelling aisle to 
Addison, and questioned its correctness, " since it seems deducible 
only from either aile, a wing, or allee t a path, and is therefore to be 
written aile." When Halliwell gives " ISLAND. The aisle of a 
church, called in medieval Latin insula !", is he really in earnest? 
Du Cange (ed. 1738) throws no light. Q EOIL D EEDES . 

Wickham St. Paul's Eectory, Halstead. 

The church referred to is, no doubt, Gloucester Cathedral, in 
which, as is well known, " a gallery of communication is also most 
artfully managed above, which connects the upper side aisles of the 
choir, passing between the great East window and the Western 
window of the chapel without touching either. This passage, which 
is a narrow stone gallery, 75 feet long, about 3 feet broad, and 8 
feet high within, is commonly known "by the name of the 
Whispering Gallery, and has the property of transmitting sound 
along its wall to a very extraordinary degree. The lowest whisper, 
if the mouth be applied close to the wall, the lightest scratch of a 
pin on the stone, is distinctly heard from one end of the gallery to 
the other." (Society of Antiquaries, quoted in Fosbrooke's 



356 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Gloucester, 1819, p. 120.) The celebrated Ear of Dionysius, and! 
the numerous contrivances of ancient oracles : of which the former 
is, according to Denon, an ancient fiction, are proofs of the 
antiquity of these deceptions ; easily explained, as Eudge observes, 
upon acoustic principles. EDITOR. 

1294. WHO WAS ST. ALDATE? Can anyone give me par- 
ticulars of the above-named saint ? In Gloucester there is a church 
known as St. Aldate's. j Q. 

1295. CEONEBANE TOKENS OF THE LAST CENTURY. Mr. Wm. 
H. Patterson, M.K.I A., of Belfast, has sent a reply regarding the 
above-named half -penny tokens to Notes and Queries, 7 th S. i. 135, 
concluding with these words : " Cronebane, in [the county of] 
"Wicklow, is well known for its copper-mines, and I presume these 
* Cronbanes ' were made, or were supposed to be made, of copper 
from these mines. It is worthy of note how frequently the word 
'Bristol' occurs on these tokens [e.g., on the edge, 'Payable at 
London Birmingham or Bristol;' and, 'Payable in London 
Liverpool or Bristol '] ; this suggests that they may have been struck 
there. If it could be shown that Bristol merchants received the 
production of the Cronebane mines it would give a colour to this 
supposition." Someone may be able to explain. j Q. 

1296. MS. EEGISTER OP KINGSWOOD ABBEY. In Notes and 
Queries, 7 th S. i. 169, Mr. Edward Peacock inquires: It appears 
from the Monasticon, vol. v., p. 425, that in the year "1651 a 
register of Kingswood Abbey was in the possession of John 
Smith, Esq., of Nibley, in the county of Gloucester." Where is 
this manuscript now 1 AH 

1297. A TIDAL PHENOMENON IN 1764. In the Gentleman's 
Magazine (1764), vol. xxxiv., p. 95, this strange fact has been 
recorded: "Sunday, 12 [February, 1764]. The tide in the river 
Severn which always comes up with a great head and an amazing 
rapidity and noise, came half an hour before its usual time : this 
greatly astonished the people who observed it ; but their surprise 
was heightened when they perceived a second tide coming up, with 
equal force, within half an hour of the first. It is surmised by 
many that a violent concussion of the earth, in some distant region, 
is the cause of this preternatural effect. At Bristol the tide 
flowed an hour and three quarters before its time ; ceased to flow 
and flowed again." Can anyone explain this phenomenon ? 

A. H. 

1298. ALDERMAN ALDWORTH AND GILES ELBRIDGE, OP BRISTOL. 
Two centuries and a half ago the firm whose name heads this 
communication, was familiar to the good people of Bristol ; indeed, 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 357 

its name was a synonym for enterprise and integrity to young and 
old. Aldworth, the senior member, was mayor of Bristol in 1609, 
and his firm had extensive interests in America early in the 
seventeenth century. A short time ago the correspondence of 
Robert Trelawny, of the firm of Trelawny and Goodyear, of 
Plymouth who, about the same time as Aldworth and Elbridge, 
were also engaged in business with America, and whose senior 
member, by a remarkable coincidence, was mayor of Plymouth 
was brought to light after lying for two hundred and fifty years 
in obscurity, and has been recently published by the Maine 
Historical Society of the United States, which society has a fund 
for the publication of documents relating to the early history of 
the State of Maine, where Aldworth and Elbridge's enterprises 
were conducted. This work it performs for the benefit of historical 
students, and not for pecuniafy gain. As the correspondence, 
entitled The Trelawny Papers, has proved of great interest to those 
concerned in early colonial history, it has been suggested that the 
papers of Alderman Aldworth, of Bristol, might prove of equal 
interest if they could be found. Can any of your readers throw 
light upon them, or give some account of this early firm? 
Aldworth, who died in November, 1634, resided in the picturesque 
and many-gabled mansion now known as St. Peter's Hospital. 

The editor of the The Trelawny Papers, Mr. Jas. Phinney Baxter, 
is at present in England, gathering memorials of those who were 
engaged in the early colonisation of New England, with a view to 
their publication by the Maine Historical Society. As Bristol was 
largely represented in that important enterprise, possibly some may 
possess unpublished letters or other documents relating to the early 
colonial trade of Bristol with New England, which, if brought to 
light, would prove of great value to students interested in colonial 
history. Mr. Baxter's London address is, 89, Belvedere Road, 
Upper Norwood, S.E. BRISTOLIBNSIS. 

1299. GEOEGE BERKELEY, D.D., LORD BISHOP OP CLOYNE. 
A correspondent has inquired in Notes and Queries (6 th S. xii. 495) : 
" It is, I apprehend, pretty certain that Bishop Berkeley, the 
metaphysician, was a scion of the great house of Berkeley of 
Berkeley Castle. I have been told that he used the arms of the 
Lords Berkeley on his seal, and they are carved upon his monument 
in Christchurch Cathedral, Oxford. I have, however, never seen 
evidence which proves the philosopher to have been sprung from 
that great house. Some of your Irish readers may possess absolute 
proof of this ; if so, it would be doing myself and others a great 
service if they would communicate it to ' N. & Q.'" ]\ c. B. 

In a sketch of Bishop Berkeley, in vol. iv. of the new Dictionary 
of National Biography, by Mr. Leslie Stephen, the editor, little, if 
any, light is thrown upon the question. " His father, William 



358 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Berkeley, had some indefinite kinship to Lord Berkeley of Stratton, 
lord-lieutenant from 1670 to 1672. It is said that he went to 
Ireland in Lord Berkeley's suite, and that he or his father obtained 
a collectorship at Belfast in reward for loyalty to Charles I. The 
name of Berkeley's mother is unknown. She is said to have been 
great-aunt to the famous General Wolfe. Berkeley [though bom at 
Killerin, near Thomastown, in the county of Kilkenny] always 
considered himself an Englishman, and regarded the native Irish as 
foreigners." EDITOR. 

1300. THE PARKER FAMILY, OF GLOUCESTER. (See No. 
1202.) Through the kindness of Mr. Washbourn I have received 
the following extracts, relating to the Parker family, from the 
Register of Scholars of the Cathedral School, Gloucester : 
P. 6 Edvardus Parker 1686 

Johannis Parker de Hasfield in comitatu Glocestrise ffil: Ap. 16. 
,,11 Thomas Parker 1689 

Jan. 15. Thomse Parker de Civitat : Glocestrise fil : 
,,36 Thomas annor: 16 et Joannes annor : 15 1704 

Tho : Parker de Longdon in agro Vigorn : Filius (sic). Feb. 5 
50 Gulielmus Parker annor : 14 1710 

D. Caroli Parker de Longdon in agro Vigorn : Fil : Jan. 17. 
,,60 Johannes Parker annor : 14 J 1718 

Dom : Thomse Parker de Hasfield filius. 
,,74 Gualterus Parker annor: 13 Jun. 18 1722 

Dom : Virgilii Parker de Bishopston filius. 
93 Henricus Parker annor: 12| Carolus II. Sep. 6. 1725 

Dom : Edvardi Parker de Hasfield fillii (sic). 
,,135 Thomas Parker annor: 9 June 8 1761 

Rev di Thomse Parker de Civ : Glo : filius. 
139 Johannes Parker annor : 8J March 26 1764 

Dominse Mariae Parker de Hasfield in comitatu Glo : filius. 
,,144 Gulielmus Parker annor : 10 May 4 1767 

Domini Thomae Parker sutoris de Civitate Glocest : filius. 
NOTE. The only other Parkers are three sons of the Rev. 
Thomas Parker, Vicar of Churcham, who is buried at Barnwood, 
near Gloucester. EDWARD THORNBROUGH PARKER SHBWEN. 

Antigonishe, Nova Scotia. 

1301. REDWOOD FAMILY. (See No. 1207). This reference to 
Stephen Richard Redwood, of Jamaica, occurs in a Family Bible 
in my possession 

" "William, the son of William and Elizabeth Fynmore, was bom 
in Saint Jago de la Vega, in the Island of Jamaica, on Wednesday, 
the 22 Dd day of February, between the hours of nine and ten in 
the forenoon, and in the Year of Our Lord 1758, and was baptized 
on the 29 th day of March following. His sponsors were the Hon. 
Samuel Whitehorne and Stephen Richard Redwood, Esq r , and 
Anne, his wife, own sister to Eliz. Fynmore." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 359 

I believe the maiden name of Mrs. Redwood and of Mrs. Fynmore 
to have been Reah. 

I have a bill of the charges for the passage home to England, in 
1765, of Miss Redwood, Master Fynmore, and a black woman 
Bethsheba. 

Wm. F. the younger, writing to his father in 1775, remarks : 
" Suppose Redwood will be called to the Bar this Term, if so, tell 
him I'll get a Motion or two for him." This probably refers to his 
cousin Philip, afterwards Chief Justice of Jamaica. 

Sandgate, Kent. R. J. FYNMORE. 

1302. KING'S WESTON HOUSE, NEAR BRISTOL. In Olde- 
Worlde Gleanings, No. 83, there is a letter from Sir John Vanbrugh, 
with reference to the erection of the mansion of King's Weston for 
Edward Southwell, Esq., who was son of Sir Robert Southwell, 
Secretary of State to William III. Yanbrugh was a celebrated 
architect, and designed, for example, Castle Howard for the Carlisle 
family, and Blenheim for the Duke of Marlborough. It was on 
him that the sarcastic epitaph was written, in allusion to his 
ponderous style of building 

" Lie heavy on him, earth, for he 
Lay'd many a heavy load on thee." 

His letter is as follows : 

" Castle Howard, Oct. 23 rd , 1713. 

" Sir, I acquainted you some time since I had read with much 
pleasure the letter you enclosed to me which you had received from 
M rs Henley. I am since obliged with yours from King's Weston 
of the 13 th inst., being much pleased with the house being quite 
covered in so good season, for, if the weather is with you as in the 
North, your walls must have dryed almost as fast as they went up, 
and there being no great rain to soak them whilst they were open, 
the house will be dry a year the sooner for it. In my last I told 
you I wished you would not go up with the chimneys till I was 
with you on the spot, to make tryall of the heights with boards. 
I am glad to find you now of the same oppinion, though you had 
not yet received my letter ; for I would fain have that part rightly 
hit off. I likewise think you in the right to clear off the scaffolds, 
tho' there be more difficulty in getting up the stones for the 
chimneys. 

"As to the objections you mention, I can only say, I cannot 
think as you do, tho' it may be I am wrong. As to the Door being 
too little, if an Alteration be necessary, I can show you how to do 
it but of these particulars, 'tis better to talk than to write. I 
hope, however, at last I shall see you as well pleased as the Lord 
[Charles, 3rd Earl of Carlisle] of this place is ; who has now 
within this week had a fair tryall of his dwelling, in what he most 
apprehended which was cold. For tho' we have now had as bitter 



360 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

storms as rain and wind can well compose, every corner in the 
house is an oven, and in corridors of 200 ft. long there is not air 
enough in motion to stir the flame of a candle. I hope to find the 
same comfort in your chatteau, when the North- West blows his 
hardest ; so pray don't think you shall stand in need of a few poor 
trees to screen you. The post will be gone if I say anything now, 
than that I am most heartily your humble servant, 

" J. Vanbrugh. 
" To Edward Southwell, Esq r , 

" King's Weston, n r Bristol." 

In No. 85 of the Gleanings there is this communication from 
Mr. Sholto Vere Hare : " I am much interested in the letter of 
Sir John Vanbrugh about King's Weston House, .... the 
original letter has been for years in my possession amongst my 
MSS. of that period. It is in the well-known handwriting of 
Vanbrugh, and is sealed with his coat-of-arms, and bears the post- 
mark. I enclose a letter from the first Duke of Beaufort respecting 
King's Weston House, written in 1685." 
The letter is as follows : 

" Bristoll, July 5 th , 85. 

" Sir, I was so long last night out in visiting the three pretty 
young ladys at King's Weston that I had not time at my reserve to 
give you an account that they were well, and that all things else 
there are in very good order, and the best Sherry pipe and red 
meade Cyder that ever I dranke. I like extremely also the situation 
of y r house, it is, I thinke, very good one, and has one of the 
pleasantest prospects both for sea and land that I have seene. 
Y r friends are the more beholding to you when you can for their 
sakes be content when from it, and then in w ch obligation must be 
cons d by 

" Y r affectionate humble servant, 

" Beaufort. 

" I humbly thanke you for y r letters and y r kindnesses to 
Charles." 

(Addressed) " For Sir Kobert Southwell, att his house 

in the Spring Garden, London. 
" Beaufort." 
(Endorsed) " Bristoll, 5 th July, 1685. 

"From the Duke of Beaufort." 

ABHBA. 

1303. TURNPIKE TOLLS IN 1821. The Bristol Journal of 
Sept. 22, 1821, states that in passing from a village near Trow- 
bridge, Wilts, to Catherine-place, Bristol, a distance of twenty-six 
miles, a traveller had to pass no less than sixteen turnpike-gates, at 
eleven of which he must pay toll. j j, 

The foregoing serves to remind one of Lord Byron's lines : 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 361 

" What a delightful thing's a turnpike road ! 

So smooth, so level, such a mode of shaving 

The earth, as scarce the eagle in the broad 

Air can accomplish, with its wide wings waving ; 

Had such been cut in Phaeton's time, the God 

Had told his son to satisfy his craving 

With the York mail ; but onward as we roll, 

* Surgit amari aliquid ' the toll ! " EDITOR. 

13O4. THE ACHIEVEMENT OF SIR WILLIAM YERNON GUISE, 
BART. The bookplate (of which there are two sizes) of Sir Francis 
Fust, Bart., of Hill Court, Gloucestershire, has long been deemed a 
curiosity, from the unusally large number of quarterings displayed ; 
but it does not equal in that respect the achievement of Sir 
William Yernon Guise, Bart., of Elmore Court, which has been 
lately given as the frontispiece to The Visitation of the County of 
Gloucester, taken in the year 1623, edited for the Harleian Society 
by Sir John Maclean, F.S.A., and W. C. Heane, M.R.C.S., London, 
1885. The quarterings are upon record in the College of Arms 
as allowed to the family : 

1. Gules, seven lozenges vair, three, three, and one, upon a 
canton or a mullet pierced sable, GUISE. 2. Sable, a fess between 
six martlets argent, WYSHAM. 3. Gules, a fess between six billets 
or, BEAUCHAMP. 4. Per pale or and gules, three roundels counter- 
changed, ABTOT. 5. Argent, two bars gules, MAUDUIT. 6. Lozengy 
azure and or, within a bordure gules charged with ei^ht plates, 
BELLOMONT. 7. Chequy or and azure, a chevron ermine, NEWBURGH. 
8. Gules, two bendlets or, FITZWITH. 9. Ermine, three crescents 
gules, KENNE. 10. Quarterly gules and argent, a cross moline or, 
SNELL. 11. Or, a chevron chequy gules and azure between three 
cinquefoils of the third, COOKE. 12. Or, four lozenges in fess 
azure, PENNINGTON. 13. Argent, two bars gules, upon a canton of 
the second a cinquefoil or, .... 14. Sable, a fess between 
three pheons argent, . . . . 15. Or, a double-headed eagle 
displayed sable, charged on the breast with a fleur-de-lis argent, . 

. . . 16. Azure, three eagles displayed in bend between two 
cotises argent, BLENKNAP. 17. Gules, a fess chequy argent and 
sable between six crosses pattee fitchee of the second, BOTELER. 
18. Or, two bendlets gules, SUBLET. 19. Or, four bendlets azure, 
MONTFORT. 20. Gules, a chevron ermines between three pheons 
or, upon a canton crucilly three lions palewise, two and one, 
ARNOLD and LUCY. 21. Sable, a chevron or between three hawks' 
lures argent, MADOC AP RHYN. 22. Sable, billetty, and a cross 
fleury argent, NORREYS. 23. Or, on a fess dancette between 
three billets azure, each charged with a lion rampant of the field, 
as many bezants, EOLLE. 24. Ermine, three battle-axes gules, 
DENNIS. 25. Argent, a cross fleury sable, upon a chief azure 
three estoiles or, DABERNON. 26. Sable, three lozenges in fess 

VOL. III. BB 



362 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

ermine, GIFFARD. 27. Sable, two bendlets wavy or, BREWER. 
28. Sable, bezanty, two stags trippant argent, BOCKERELL. 29. 
Argent, upon a chevron between three eagles' heads erased sable as 
many acorns or, CHIDERLY. 30. Azure, crucilly, and a unicorn 
salient or, DOUNE. 31. Argent, three dolphins sable, two and one, 
BINSEY. 32. Gules, a double-headed eagle displayed between 
three fleurs-de-lis argent, GODOLPHIN. 33. Argent, a chevron 
between three tassels gules, .... 34. Or, upon a fess sable 
three chevrons palewise, points to the dexter, argent, TRENOUTH. 
35. Argent, a double-headed eagle displayed within a bordure sable 
charged with eight bezants, KELLEGREW. 36. Sable, a chevron 
between three eagles displayed or, KENTEBURY. 37. Argent, three 
mascles sable, two and one, ARWENICK. 38. Argent, upon a chevron 
gules between three torteaux as many bezants, BOLEIGH. 39. 
Argent, three bars-gemel gules, upon a chief azure three tigers' 
heads or, WRIGHT. 40. Argent, a chevron between three griffins 
passant sable, FINCH. 41. Sable, three leopards' heads reversed 
argent, jessant-de-lis gules, WOODFORD. 42. Argent, a unicorn's 
head erased gules, upon a chief wavy azure three lozenges or, 
SMITH.* 

CREST. -The crest long used by this family having been found 
in 1797 not to be upon record in the College of Arms, Sir William 
Berkeley Guise, Bart., obtained from the then Earl Marshal a 
warrant for the grant and confirmation thereof, with special 
permission to bear the same issuant from a ducal coronet. This 
warrant, however, never having been carried into effect, Lieut. - 
General Sir John Wright Guise, Bart., K.C.B., obtained another 
warrant, dated 12 June, 1843, under which the following crest was 
granted and confirmed, by patent dated 21 June following, to the 
said Sir John Wright Guise, Bart., to be borne by him and 
his descendants, and by the other descendants of his late father, 
Sir John Guise, Bart., according to the laws of arms for ever, viz. : 
Out of a ducal coronet or a swan, wings elevated, argent, ducally 
gorged and chained or. 

SUPPORTERS. Sir John Wright Guise, having been created a 
Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, 
became entitled to use supporters. These usually are only granted 
personally; but the Queen, by a special warrant under her sign 
manual, dated 12 January, 1863, made an exception in his case; 
and accordingly, under her Majesty's said special warrant, the 
following supporters were granted, viz. : On the dexter side, a 
swan proper crucilly gules, plain collared and chained or ; and on 
the sinister side, a bear sable, billetty or, collared and chained as the 
dexter, to be borne and used for ever hereafter by him the said 

, " I certify the above forty- two quarterings to be duly proyed and recorded as rightly 
belonging to Sir William Vernon Guise, Baronet. 

" Stephen Tucker, 

" Heralds' College, " Rouge Croix. 

" 10 April, 1879." 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 363 

Sir John Wright Guise, Bart., and the heirs male of his body 
upon whom the dignity of a Baronet shall descend. 

MOTTO. Quo honestior eo tutior. AJBHBA 

1305. THE BRISTOL PILLORY, 1752. As recorded in the 
proceedings of the Bristol assizes in 1752, "Mary Read was tried 
for the murder of her child, and acquitted ; it appearing afterwards 
that her mother, Joan Read, was the occasion of the child's death, 
on which she was ordered into custody, and her daughter was also 
recommitted, in order to make evidence against her at these assizes ; 
when the old woman was ordered to stand in the pillory, and 
afterwards to be transported for seven years. It seems the old 
woman choaked the child to death, whether wilfully or carelessly, 
is not determined." Thus was judgment given, and punishment 
inflicted, though it was not determined whether the child died 
through accident or not ! BRISTOLIENSIS. 

1306. WRIGHT'S "WANDERINGS :" FOREST OF DEAN. It may 
be worth noting that in the late Thomas Wright's Wanderings of 
an Antiquary (London, 1854), pp. 1-22, there is an interesting 
account of the Roman Iron District of the Forest of Dean and its 
neighbourhood, with three illustrations. " It is right to state," 
writes Mr. Wright, "that the greater part of this volume first 
appeared in a series of papers under the same title in the Gentleman's 
Magazine" j Q 

1307. NOTES ON VIZARD FAMILY, OF DURSLEY. See Blunt's 
Dursley and its Neighbourhood (1877), p. 94. 



1571. Adolph (alias Oliver) Visser van Tolhus in Cleven met 
Martynkin Janssen. We Willem Schott. Application for per- 
mission to marry. Dutch Church Register, Moens transcript. 

1575. Jan. 23. Baptized Jeremias, son of Olivier Visschere. Ib. 

N.B. In the only three other cases which occur in the volume 
Adolph and Oliver are synonymous. 

1599. Mar. 1. Jerome Yizare bought a mill in Cam, near 
Dursley. Smyth's Hundred of Berkeley, p. 236. 

1582. Sept. 24. Arkyn (Arthur) Fessar and Alice Rop. 
Register of Marriages, St. Mary Woolnoth, London. 

1612. Arthur Vizard, bailiff of Dursley. Pedigree by Blunt. 

1613. Arthur Vizart. Mem. Rolls, Record Office, A.D. 1613, 
1616. 

The three last-named were probably not identical, but related to 
each other. 

1649. Jeremiah Vizard. Cam Register of Burials. 

1670. Jerome Vizard (son of Arthur, the bailiff), Dursley 
Register of Burials. A> w CORNELIUS HALLEN, 

The Parsonage, Alloa, KB. 



364 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

1308. Two ERRORS IN FOSBROOKE'S" GLOUCESTER "CORRECTED. 
The following paragraph from the Bristol Gazette, September 26, 
1811, corrects two errors in Fosbrooke's Gloucester (1819), pp. 421, 
422 : 

"At a meeting of the corporation of Gloucester holden at the 
Tolsey on Monday last, his Grace the Duke of Norfolk was chosen 
Lord High Steward, in the room of the late Earl of Berkeley ; and 
at the same time the Eight Hon. Lord Somers was elected to the 
office of Recorder, vacated by his Grace." j ^ 

It may be well to note that, according to Fosbrooke, Lord Henry 
Molyneux Howard, "the present High Steward," succeeded the 
Earl of Berkeley, the year of his appointment not being given ; 
and that John, Lord Somers, was appointed to the recordership in 
1815, on the death of the Duke of Norfolk. EDITOR 

1309. THE ELECTION OF A CORONER IN 1735. On the death 
of Thomas Machen, one of the coroners for Gloucestershire, the 
sheriff ordered the election of his successor to take place at 
Mangotsfield apparently with the intention of favouring a candi- 
date residing in that district, Mr. Edgar Guest, who was elected. 
A gentleman, however, who was possibly an unsuccessful com- 
petitor, appealed to the Court of Chancery, which annulled the 
election. A new sheriff (Thomas Lingen) had by this time come 
into office, and that gentleman convened the freeholders to a county 
court to be held at Pains wick, the town in which dwelt the 
applicant to the Lord Chancellor. The following were the addresses 
of the rival candidates, as published in the Gloucester Journal of 
April 29 : 

" To the Gentlemen and Freeholders of the County of Gloucester. 
Thomas Winn, of Painswick, humbly represents that he has 
at a great expence to himself alone, obtained an order out of 
the High Court of Chancery for making void a late election of a 
Coroner at Mangotsfield, near Bristol, by reason of some corrupt 
influences and indirect measures used and taken in the procuring 
and compleating such election there. Which, he apprehended, very 
much tended to defeat the good intentions of the laws in the 
appointment of such an officer, and the rights and privileges of the 
freeholders in chusing him. Therefore the said Thomas Winn 
humbly hopes, that at the ensuing election of a coroner he shall 
be favoured with the votes and interest of all the freeholders that 
are true lovers of the liberty and privileges of their country. 
THOMAS WINN." 

" To the Freeholders of the County of Gloucester. Your vote 
and interest are desir'd for Mr. Edgar Guest, to be chosen Coroner 
for this county ; he living about five miles from Bristol, and on 
the borders of Kingswood, where are many coal-works : And the 
great parish of St. Philip and St. Jacob by Bristol has generally 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 365 

more accidents that require the presence of a coroner, than all the 
county besides. One of the present coroners lives at Painswick, 
another near it, and the third at Lidney in the Forest. The great 
distance they live at causes an unreasonable expence to poor 
families, and parishes, where accidents happen, and many crimes 
may go unpunished for want of proper enquiry. N". B. No candi- 
date offers nearer than Painswick, besides Mr. Guest, who has 
been chosen, and acted, 'till superseded by my Lord Chancellor 
(tho' without any fault of his own) upon the petition of one 
Mr. Winn, of Painswick, whose great expence, as he calls it, is 
ordered by my Lord Chancellor to be paid him, and who stands a 
candidate, and who, if chosen, would make three coroners within 
three or four miles of each other. EDGAR GUEST." 

The election took place on the 7th May, and resulted in the 
return of Mr. Winn, who polled 675 votes, against 465 recorded 
for his opponent. j -^ 

1310. EDWARD STRONG, THE BUILDER OP ST. PAUL'S 
CATHEDRAL. (See No. 703.) In a recent inquiry regarding this 
Gloucestershire worthy (Notes and Queries, 7 th S. i. 228) the 
Rev. John Pickford has supplied some further information, which 
we give word for word : 

There is a fine portrait of him, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, at 
present at Shalock, in Aberdeenshire, the seat of my friend Major 
Eamsay, to whose stepfather, the late Capt. W. H. Nares, R.N., it 
once belonged, having come to him as an heirloom. The portrait 
is well painted, representing Strong in a flowing wig, and in his 
right hand, painted with that delicacy of touch remarkable in the 
works of Sir Godfrey, holding a plan, compasses, and a square, 
symbolical of his craft. A drawing of it in pencil is now before 
me. The date of the portrait must be prior to 1723, for in that 
year [Strong, and] the painter, who is said to have come to England 
about 1675, died. 

The descent of Capt. Nares, his great-great-grandson, from him, 
is as follows : Susan, eldest daughter and coheir of Edward 
Strong, of Greenwich, master mason or master builder of St. Paul's, 
married Sir John Strange, Master of the Rolls (see Eoss's 
Dictionary of English Judges, and " K & Q.," 3 rd S. i. 353). By 
her he had two sons and seven daughters, one of whom married 
Sir George Nares, a judge of the Common Pleas. He died in 
1786, and was grandfather of my late friend, who was father of 
Sir George Strange JSares, R.K, the distinguished Arctic explorer. 

1311. A TOUR IN GLOUCESTERSHIRE, A.D. 1634. Some very 
curious particulars of a tour made through a great part of England, 
two hundred and fifty years ago, are contained in a MS. in the 
Landsdowne collection (No. 213, pp. 319-348), in the British 
Museum, entitled " A Relation of a Short Survey of Twenty-six 



366 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

Counties, briefly describing the Cities and their Scytuations, and 
the Corporate Townes and Castles therein : observ'd in a Seven 
Weekes Journey begun at the City of Norwich and from thence 

into the North, on Monday, August 11 th , 1634, and 

ending at the same Place. By a Captaine, a Lieutenant, and an 
Ancient [Ensign] ; all three of the Military Company in Norwich." 
Several extracts of considerable length were published half a 
century ago in Brayley's Graphic and Historical Illustrator 
(London, 1834); these may be familiar to some of your readers; 
but I think it well to reprint for the benefit of others to whom 
they may not be known, the portions which relate to Gloucestershire. 

GLOUCESTRENSIS. 

In that Afternoone wee trauell'd [from Hereford] through part 
of the famousest, and best wooded fforest in all England [the 
Forest of Dean], w ch lately hath beene much cropt, lying betweene 
those two sweet Streames [the Severn and the Wye] ; and in that 
dayes journey we had not the will to goe out of o r way, to be bit 
by the Nose at Tewksberry, but left it on o r left. 

W th in halfe a mile of the Citty, is the Bishops Seat [Winyard 
Castle], vpon Severne, w ch flowes ouer, and makes fertile his L ps 
rich Pastures ; and as that sweet streame enricheth them, so doth 
his L pes Charitie streame & flow in most bountifull manner to the 
Poore vallies about him, for he maintaines a Head of 30. or 40. 
Kine, mostlie for the sustenance of the Poore ; w ch is a religious, 
pious, and worthy Goodman's example. 

At last we entred the City of Gloucester, ouer a very faire archt 
Bridge, crossing that famous, broad-channell'd, swift-stream'd River 
Severne, w ch glides close to the Towne, by that little Hand [Alney], 
where the first Danish King got the best, and vnhors'd o r selues at 
the new Inne, a fayre House, and much frequented by Gallants, 
the Hostesse there being as hansome & gallant as any other. She 
was the sole commaundresse at that time, both of her Selfe & 
House, for her Husband was trauelling, at the charge of other 
Travellers, and there we payd soundly for his absence. 

This Citty wee found gouern'd by a Mayor [John Browne], w th 
his Sword and Cap of Maintenance, 4 Maces, 12 Aldermen, and a 
worthy and learned Recorder [Sir John Bridgeman, Chief Justice 
of Chester], & 4 Stewards. It is wall'd about, except onely that 
part of the Towne that is securely & defensively guarded by the 
Riuer ; in the wall there is 6 gates, for the Ingresse and Egresse 
of Strangers and Inhabitants. It is a County of it self, and of a 
great command, haveing 30 Townes vnder her Jurisdiction about 
her. In the midst of the City is a fayre Crosse, whereto from the 
4 Cardinall Windes, the 4 great & principall streets thereof doe 
come. In her is 12 Churches, whereof the Cathedrall called the 
College Church is one. 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 367 

In the Cathedrall, to w ch we march'd, wee tooke an exact view of 
the ancient and Koyall Monum ts Wee found therein. 

Ffirst, in the Ladies Chappell, aboue the whispering place, is 

the Mournent of Bishop Godfrey Goldsborne. 
The Monument of M r Thomas Fitz- Williams. 
Another for Abbot Handlacy, who built the Chappell 600 

yeares since. 
On the South Side of the Quire, the Monument of Butler, 

Earle of Ormond. 
One for Abbot Seabright, who built that fayre high Steeple, 

and rays'd^the Koofe of the Quire. 
The Monument of Humfrey Bohun, E. of Hereford, and his 

Countesse. 

Ouer against the Abbots Tombe, on the North Side of the 
High Altar, lyes a Saxon King, in plaine ffree stone, bearing 
the old Church vpon his breast. 
Also Abbot Parker lyes in his Robes, in Alablaster, who was 

the last at the suppression. 
By him a Bishop, stiled Dux Templi, who excommunicated 

King John. 

Abbot Eldred, one of the first founders of the Church. 
But more especially & remarkably there lyes in this Fabricke 
the Bodyes of 2 famous Princes of the Land : The one, of 
that vnfortunate Prince Robert D. of Normandy, eldest 
sonne of W m y e Conquer r , whose eyes were pluckt out in 
Cardiff Castle, after he had endur'd a long & tedious 
imprison!* there : his Portraiture lyeth loose vpon the 
Marble Morning and is of Irish wood painted, w ch neither 
rotts nor worme-eats. Hee lyeth crosse legg'd, w th his 
Sword, and Buckler, & soe as any man may w th ease lift vp 
this his wooden Statue ; this is in y e midst of y e Chancell. 
The other not far from him is that of as vnfortunate a King, 
Edward y e 2 d ; his body in Alablaster in his Kingly Roabs, 
the ffoundation Marble, & the Workemanship ouer head 
curiously cut in ifree stone. He was murder'd at Berkley 
Castle, by a burning hot spit thrust into his fundament vp 
into his bowels, w th consent, and by practise of his cruell 
Queene. 

But a thing most admirable is that strange & vnparralell'd 
whispering place of 24 yards circular passage, aboue the high Altar, 
next to the Lady Chappell, the relation whereof I leaue to such as 
haue beene (like us) both Spectato 1 " 8 and Audito rs of that miraculous 
worke, and artificiall deuise : and as it is strange soe we heard 
strange carry 'd Confessions there made.* 

Heere were we admiring and whispering till the Cathedrall 
voyces whisper'd vs away to prayers, and so soone as wee heard 

* See ante, p. 355, ED. 



368 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

those voyces and Organs, and had view'd their fayrely glass'd and 
caru'd worke Cloyster, wee hastned away for o r that dayes Journey 
from our new fayre Inne and deare neat Hostesse to Berkley 
Castle. 

In that Afternoones short Journey there did appeare to our eyes 
some sweet & pleasant Seats of noble Gentlemen of that Country. 
[Elmore, Sir Wm. Guise's ; Standish, Ealph Button's ; Sir George 
Huntley's, and the Lady Ducie's.] 

Berkley, though it be a small Towne, yet therein is a Market, 
and grac'd it is like-wise w th a strong, old, spacious and habitable 
Castle, and a fayre Parke adioyning to it, and it is the Seat of a 
most noble Lord [Berkeley]. 

In a Chappell adioyning to the Church, betweene that and 
the Castle built by the old L d Berkley, is a fayre and rich 
Moiium 1 of white Alablaster, whereon lyeth the body of 
the sayd ffounder, S r Henry Berkley, Lord Berkley, 
Mowbray, Segrave, and Brews, L d Lieute nt of Glocester- 
shire ; and by him, his vertuous Lady Katherin, Sister to 
that great Statist, and high-borne Peere, Thomas Duke of 
Norfolke : His Portraiture is richly & lively cutt in 
Alablaster, in his Marshalls weeds, bareheaded ; She in her 
Princesse garment, w th a Coronet at her head, and the Lyon 
at her feet ; their son S r Thomas, and his two Sisters, 
Mary and Frances kneeling by. 
Also there is an old ancient Monument and very plain, of free 

stone, of his Predecesso rs in the Church. 

The Castle is large, and very strong, w th many ancient Towers of 
seuerall formes, & Buildings : before wee entred the inner Court, 
we pass'd through 3 large strong Gates, w th Portcullises. Here was 
the dismall place where that unfortunate Prince, whom we left 
interr'd at o r last visited Cathedrall, was most barbarouslie & 
cruelly depriu'd of his Life. 

Ffrom thence the next day we march'd on toward a second 
London, through Thornbery, that day being Market day; There 
wee saw a ruinated, stately, large, old Castle, where ouer the Gate- 
house, now the chiefe habitable place thereof, is engraven, in ffree- 
stone, Letters thus : The Castle Gate at Thornberry was begun 5 
H. 7. by Edward D. of Buckingham, E. of Hereford, Stafford, & 
Northampton. The circuit and ruin whereof shew'd it to haue 
beene a stately & princely Building ; & close to itt stands a fayre, 
large Church, & Steeple, wherein is the Monum fc of the old Lady 
Stafford. 

This Morning, assoone as we came forth from Berkley, we pass'd 
by & through 2 large & fayre rich wooded Parkes, of that noble 
Lords f Whitton Park and New Park] ; And in the midst of one 
of them, stands a neat & fayre built Lodge, on a mounted Hill. 
At Thornberry Townes end, there is a most pleasant Seat of a 
Gentlemans vpon a neat ascent [Mr. Stafford's] ; and a House & 



GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 369 

Parke of another Gentlemans [Ambersley, Mr. Chester's], plac'd 
likewise on a Hill, commaunding ouer Seuerne into Monmouth- 
shire, w th in 2 or 3 Miles of the fferry, the first common passage 
ouer that spacious, goodly Riuer Seuerne betweene EDgland and 
Wales. 

A little before we came thither, wee left on o r left hand two 
Knights Seats, within 2 or 3 miles of the City [Sir Richard 
Rogers,' and Sir Roger Poynes'] ; and on the same hand another 
Knights place [Sir Maurice Berkeley's] : and soe wee early ended 
o r fifth weekes trauell, with the fin it of that Sheere, at the noble 
City of Bristow [Bristol], & at Gilliards Inne there we tooke up o r 
5 th weekes Sabbath dayes rest, w th M r Hobson, a graue, proper, 
honest, and discreet Hoste, lately a bounteous, gentile, free, & 
liberall Mayor of that sweet & rich City ; Indeed a man more fit 
for such a place then such a House: There were wee well & 
happily billeted, and no way molested, but by one of his hungry 
domesticke Servants, who no sooner saw vs every meale, but 
scar'd vs into an eating ifeauer. 

This City stands sweetly in a pleasant Cockpit valley, yet w th 
an ascent to the heart thereof, where stands a fayre Crosse in the 
middst between both Bridges; lately and richly beautify'd, and 
not much inferiour to that in Couentry : To it comes 4 large & 
fayre Streets, from the 4 cheife Quarters of the City, viz fc High 
Street, w ch is the fayrest, from the great Bridge in Somersetshire ; 
Broad Street, from the Key Bridge in Glocestershire ; Wine Street, 
from the Castle ; and Corne Street, from the Marsh. 

This parcell of ground, the Marsh, is a very pleasant and 
delightfull place, & w th as much Art added thereto, as can 
conueniently bee, both for walkes, a Bowling ground, & other 
recreations for the rich Merchants and gentile Citizens, adorn'd 
with many fayre Trees, wherein constantly the City Captaines 
drill, and muster, & exercise the City fforces : neere 3 parts thereof 
is surrounded by the Rieur, w ch deuides it selfe from the maine 
Streame, att the very point of the Marish, w ch causeth a sweet and 
pleasant Eccho of their martiall Musicke, Drums, Fifes, & volleys 
of Shot ; y e one arme whereof [the Frome] runneth downe betwixt 
that and y e Minster, next Glocestershire, w ch is the principall Key, 
& Wharfe, where all their fayre & rich Shipping lye, euen to that 
Bridge : The other Streame [the Avon] runs through the City, 
next Somersetshire, downe to Bath, ouer w ch is built a fayre stone 
Archt Bridge, w th hausome neat Houses, (and Ships on either side 
thereof,) like a Street, w ch may for its length compare w th London. 

The City is very sweet & cleane, in respect of the quotidian. 
Tydes that wash and cleanse her lower parts, & y e Vaults & 
Sewers, that are vnder all, or most of the channells of her vpper 
parts. In her wee found (besides that fayre and strong ffabricke 
of the Cathedrall w ch was newly finish'd)'l8 Churches, w ch all are 
fayrely beautify'd, richly adorn'd, & sweetly kept, and in the maior 



370 GLOUCESTERSHIRE NOTES AND QUERIES. 

part of them are neat, rich, & melodious Organs that are constantly 
play'd on. Their Pulpitts are most curious, all w ch the Citizens 
haue spared no cost nor forwardnesse to beautify & adorne, (a 
' pious & religious example for all o r kingdome,) ffor they dayly 
striue in euery Parish, who shall exceed other in their generous & 
religious bounty, most to decke, & inrich, those sanctify'd Places, 
& Heauenly Mansions, heere on Earth, to God's glory, & good 
example of others. 

Although this City cannot challenge Antiquity, as others may 
doe, yet for her sweet Scituation, rich Merchandising, faire 
buildings, & gentile p'uident Gouernm*, She comes not far short of 
any in this Kingdome:' for her Scytuation is in a pleasant, holsome, 
-sweet, & rich valley, hauing 2 Armes from y e maine Haven, gliding 
through the Bo wells, w ch cleanse and wash her euery 12 Houres, 
from all noysome filth and sent : ffor her Marchants they are rich 
& numerous, vsing Traffique to most parts of Christendome ; they 
haue a commodious Custome House, and a kind of Exchange, 
where they constantly meet euery day ; They haue much enrich'd 
themselues & their Citty of late, by Letters of Mart : ffor her 
Buildings, especially the Churches, they are most strong, and 
sumptuous. 

And for her Gouernm* 1 , it is regulated euery way answerable to 
the rest, by a prudent, graue and wise Mayor, w th his comaunding 
Sword of Justice, a Cap of Maintenance, 8 Maces, 12 Aldermen, 
2 Sheriffs, and an able, tryed, and Learned Recorder, M r Glanuile 
[John Glanville, elected M.P. for Bristol in 1640, and Speaker of 
the House of Commons, and knighted in the following year] : who 
to order and settle the Affayre of the City, meet constantly att a 
fay re, spacious Counsell Chamber, close by the Exchange ; and at 
a great fayre Hall, where they keep their quarterly Sessions and 
annuall ffeasts ; And to make her still more sutable to the 
Metropolis of o r Nation, London, She hath for euery Company a 
seuerall Hall. 

To grace and add to her beauty, she maintaines 3 ffoot Com- 
panies, besides a voluntary Company of gentile, proper, martiall, 
disciplin'd men, who haue their Armes lodg'd in a hansome 
Artillery House, newly built vp in the Castle yard, where once in 
a yeare, they inuite, and entertaine both Earles and Lords, & a 
great many Knights, and Gentlemen of rank and quality, at their 
military ffeast ; And this yard affords them a spacious and large 
place to drill & exercise in. 

The Castle is of great extent, and hath formerly beene a most 
fayr