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'1 \ 

• • • 


A N T I r O N H. 










Z^z. ^. ^^ 


ANTirONH. (Antigone, daughter of CEdipus, sister of 
Polynices and Eteodes; betrothed to H«mon.) 

I2MHNH. (Ismene, sister to Antigone.) 

X0P02 eHBAinN rEPONTHN. (Chorns of Thcban 

KPEAN. ( Creon , regent of Thebes. ) 

«TAAB. (Watchman.) 

AIMfiN. ( Haemon, son of Creon. ) 

ArrEAOS. (Messenger.) 

ETPTAIKH. (Eury dice, wife of Creon.) 

EHAITEA02*. (Second Messenger.) 

• B^ayycXof. This p«™oMg« diflfered from tb« oyycAos. in that he 
WM oinployed to relate what was going on In the house («»« JJ^S), or 
behind the seenee. The aYyeAo« brought tidings from without of 
things done at a distance. 


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liovofia}(i<f Kp€av aTa<f»ov fK^cik^v KripvTr€i fUfbfpa av- 
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arpanfyttu, Moainimarra cr t^ MamoX/a riff *AFn-> 
yomft*, Xtkaerai 3< ni ipofta rovro rpuxKOtrrio dcv- 



There are five plays extant which relate to the fortunes 
of the house of CEdipus. Of these five, Sophocles wrote 
three,— (Edipus the King, (Edipus at Colonns, and the 
Antigone. Taken according to the order of events, the 
Antigone is latest of all, and brings to a close the dark 
history of the house of Laius. Next before the Anti- 
gone comes the Seven against Thebes of ^schylus, then 
(Edipus at Colonus, and, at the beginning of the series, 
(Edipus the King. The remaining play, the Phoenissae 
of Euripides, is mainly cotemporary with the Seven 
against Thebes: but there is some conftision, because in 
the (Edipus at Colonus the disappearance from earth of 
(Edipus is narrated, whereas in the Phcenissa he is repre- 
sented as still alive. 


The turning-point of the Antigone is reyerence for the 
dead, and the importance of the sacred rites of hurial. 

The heroine's brothers, Eteocles and Polynices, had both 
fallen in battle, each by the other's hand. But one had 
fallen defending his country ; the other invading it, (right- 
fully, it might be, but still invading,) with the help of 
foreign allies. Hence the funeral honours paid to Eteo« 
cles are denied to Polynices ; and a decree is issued, com- 
manding that his dead body be cast out to the birds of the 
air, and the beasts of the field, and denouncing curses and 
death upon any one who should presume to disobey. But 
the menaces of an unholy edict have no power with Anti- 
gone. The last time she and her brother had met, (it was 
when he was on his march against Thebes, from which he 
had turned aside to obtain his father's blessing, and she 
with filial devotion was fulfilling her last duties to the 
exile,) he had implored her not to leave his corse unburied ; 
and now, disregarding alike Creon's threats, her sister's self- 
ishness, and her own hopes, she dares to be true to her 
promise, and to fellow the promptings of a sister's love. 

She is detected, and doomed to death. From this point 
the catastrophe begins. 

Creon must reap the fruits of his blind and unholy 
severity, in the deaths of his wife Eiirydice and his only- 
surviving son, Hsemon, in the utter rnin of his whole 
house, and in the bitterness of unavailing remorse. 


The scene is laid at Thebes, in front of the royal palace : 
on the left hand is seen a street leading into the city ; on the 
right, in the distance, a plain, skirted by hills, which has 
lately been the scene of battle. Time, daybreak on the 
morning after the battle, and retreat of the Argive host, 
which had been beleaguering the city. (See v. 16.) 

Scene i. (1 — 99). Enter Antigone, followed by Ismene. 
Antigone informs her sister of Creon's decree, forbidding 
funeral rights to Polynices ; declares her intention to dis- 
obey it, and invites her aid. Ismene tries to dissuade her, 
but is answered with indignant scorn. They separate: 
Ismene retiring into the palace; Antigone departing by 
another way, to execute her purpose of burying her 

100 — 161. The Theban elders (composing the Chorus), 
who have been summoned by Creon, come forward. They 
greet the sun, which is just beginning to be seen above 
the horizon, as ushering in a day of deliverance from 
the enemy. Hence they pass on to describe the advance 
of the enemy, and his overthrow; ascribing the victory 
to Zeus. While they are speakings— 

Enter Creon. 

Scene iL (162 — 881). He informs the Chorus of his suc- 
cession to the throne, lays before them his views of the 
government, and justifies and repeats hia edict respecting 


the body of Polynices, charging the Chorns to see it ful- 
filled (211—222). 

It will be remembered that Antigone had already gone 
for the purpose of performing the necessary rites for her 
brother. She has succeeded in scattering, unobserved, a 
few handfuls of dust over the body, just enough to satisfy 
the retjuirements of religion. The fact» though not the 
author of it, has been noticed, and a watchman now comes 
to report what has taken place to Creon. The Chorus 
suggests, that what has been done has been by the inter- 
vention of the gods ; but Creon rebukes them, and threatens 
the watchman with punishment, for neglect of duty, if he 
do not quickly discover the ofiender. Exit Creon (326), 
into the palace, and the watchman by the way that he 
had come, towards the plain where the body is lying. 

382 — 883. Tlie Chorus, astonished that any one should 
have the audacity to disobey Creon's commands, admires 
the daring and versatility of men in their various pursuits : 
e.g. seamanship (335 — 7); husbandry (339-40); hunt- 
ing, in its several kinds (341 — 353) ; rhetoric (354) ; civil 
government (355), and medicine (354 — 362); but deplores 
the too frequent perversion of these gifts (362 — 375). 

(Meanwhile, Antigone, having observed that the earth 
which she had cast upon the body of Polynices has been 
swept off, has tried to bury the body, but has been detected 
in the act.) The Chorus now breaks off its strain, observ- 
ing the approach of Antigone in custody of those who had 
been set to guard the body (375 — 383). 

Scene iii. (384 — 582). Enter watchman, inquiring for 
Creon. Antigone in custody. 

Creon comes out; the watchman relates the circum- 


Stances of the detection of Antigone. She, being charged 
by Creon, not only does not deny, bnt justifies and exults' 
in, the deed. 

During their altercation, enter Ismene, who has come in' 
obedience to Creon's summons. 

530. Creon charges her, suspecting her of having 
aided Antigone. She, desirous of atoning for the selfish 
timidity which she had evinced before, professes herself to 
have been an accomplice, and claims to share Antigone's 
punishment ; but the latter indignantly disclaims her sister's 
having taken any part in the work. Ismene then tries to 
move Creon to pity; but he remains obdurate. 

The Chorus (582 — 630), observing the race of Labdacus 
now almost arrived at the consummation of misery, is led 
to refiect how calamity attaches itself and spreads. The 
cause is traced maiuly to impiety, which excites the wrath 
of the gods. 

Scene iv. (632 — 780.) Enter Hsmon. Creon addresses 
him, expecting to find him exasperated on account of the 
sentence against Antigone, his betrothed. But seeing him 
apparentiy acquiescing in what has been done, he com- 
mends him, and exhorts him to forget Antigone, as one 
who has' forfeited all claim to his love, through her disobe- 
dience (640 — 680). But Hsemon answers cautiously, ad- 
vising his father not to be extreme in his wrath, lest he 
excite the discontent of the people, with whom Antigone is 
popular, for her piety and nobleness of heart (683 — 723). 

Creon becomes very indignant at this, and, after a violent 
altercation, in the course of which Hsemon hints that he 
will lay violent hands on himself if Antigone is pnt to death, 


! ANTirONH* 

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ANTirONH. 7 

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ANTirONH. 9 

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ANTirONH. 13 

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14 20«OKAEOYa 

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ANTirONH. 15 

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*Y. <l>€v' 

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16 204>OKAEOY2 

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ANTirONH. 17 

(vvtarif T^kfiaf x^P^^* hV"^* *V"* naptarios 

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€S baifiduiov Ttpas dfi(f>tvo£» 

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n^i/d* ovK €ivM iT(uK *Apriy6vrjv, 

2> dvarrivos 

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rois fiaaiktioicrtp Syovai v6poit 

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iifoiTtwpoi roCdf ^vKtvatu Jdtfxw* 490 

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ANTirONH. 37 

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fipdx^ fura»dcc aipddpos KaBrjpfitvfjp, 

t6p d* dpxpi fucajj ir€pifr€Trj irpocrKtlpxpop, 

€vpijs d9roip»{opra t^s Karv ^Bopdp 

Kal irarp6s fpya Koi t6 dv<rnfpop Xc^off. 1235 

6 8* o)s> 6p^ o-<fi9, <rrvyp6v olpM^a£ ^tno 

X»ptl np6£ a^6y Kdp(ut»Kva'as icdKti, 


£ rX^fUiP, otop tprfw ttpytunu: rlim 

JftkBtf t4kpop, hc4a't6f ov X/<r<rofUU« 1130 

t6v d* iyplois Ihnroun irmrr^vas 6 muf , 
frri/oraf wpoo'mtr^ koMv oyrviir^y (iiJHnft 
fkK€i dftirXovf mwdovnif * ^« A* 6pft»iUvov 
waTp6$ ^fvytwnp ^fimKoK' 9tB* 6 ^vcfiopot 
avrf x^Xm^U, i^amp tlx^ inwwraB^Xt 1135 

^ft€ur€ vXffvpoiff /Motroy 3Vx<"> ^^ ^ ^fi^i' 
iyK&v* €T tft/^pmp wapBimf npoamwrvwrat* 
Koi ^vo'i&p '6(9MP iit^aKKti inwr^y 
XffVJcJ waptif ^HMflftv arakayfUKro9» 
mItm bi P€icp6s wvpl Mfc^f nk wfu^wk 1140 
r Ai| Xax^y dc(Xmof c2r 'Acdov M/imr, 
M(af hf tufBptmoiai rffp afiavkUuf 
&r^ luyurrop Mip\ wp6a'Kurat kok&p, 

X0« W rovr* h» thtwrttat • ^ yvin^ iraXiv 

^pov^, nplp tlwtip 4<r&k6p i) icoff&y Xc(yoy. 1245 

AT. KaMt TtidpfirfK*' ikwiiruf dc /3<ScrieofWi, 
4;(^ rticpov ickvovawf <V inSXiv yiSow 
o^K <!{M»(rviv, dXX* £fr^ vrryffs tarn 
b/uMut npoBtfattP ir€v6o9 ohctlop vrtptw* 
yv^fiijt yiip oIk Swfipog, ^6* AfUMprawtiP. 1150 

XO. ovK M' ip4}\ If oSp if r cJyav o-tyi) /3a^ 
do««t frpocretMu j^ M^^ri^v iroXXi) /3oif. 

AT. aXX' f 2o-({fif a-Ja« fif ri col miroirxfToy 
Kpv<lnl miXvirrvA Kopbl^ BvpcvfUpfft 
b6povs fFopaffrtlxpvTMs, 9Z yhp o^v X^ywif* Itj5 
Kal r^f ^Ifyav yap cW/ irov <riyi|( fiapot* 

XO. All p^*' ^ &«£ avr^r c^ifffffi 

ANTirONH. 46 

ft BifUf (IfTUV, ovK aKkoTpUuf 

irrju, aXX' avrbs dfiapi^v, Z260 

KP. li» fl>p€v&¥ ^fr<l)p6v9i>v AfAopr^fxara <rrp. a • 

OTtpth BavarStvT* 

£ KTca^vras re Ka\ 

6a»6vrag ffkiirovTts ipi^Xlovs* 

&fjLoi 4pMiv Bvok^a fiov\€Vfidtii>if, 1365 

2«^ irai, v€og v€^ £vp fi6p^, 

alal ciUu, 

tl6a»€Sf dirtkCBrjs, 

€fjLalg ovdc (TMcri dvcr/SovX/acr* 
X0« otfi o)f tfoucaf ^€ Hlv biKtiu Idtlv* 1270 

KP. o!/M>t, 

1^0* paB^v dc/XaiOf * w If ip^ Kap^ 

Bibs t6t &pa T6rt piya fidpos p ^X^^ 

Ihrtucwt iv d* taticrtv dyplais 6doif» 

o^ot XcucTrdTTjTov dvrptjTDiv xapdy, 1375 

^cv 0€t;» Zt irdvoi fipor&v dv<nroyoi. 
EX. & bitnroB^f &s lxo>y re Kal MienipAvog, 1378 

r^ p€v irpb xf*p^v ^ddi (ftep^v, ra d* ^y ddfMif 

IbiJcas rlK€Uf Koi rdx ^^cirdai koimI. liSo 

KP. ri d* licrriy ad [KOKtov i) icaictty ^i] i 
EX. yvyi^ T€BvrjKt, rovdc irapkprfTwp ptKpov, 

dvarrivos, UpTi vtiyrdpoun nXriypaauf* 
KP. {« 2«^ hvvKdBapTos "Aidov Xip^v, dvr* a • 1184 

tI p* Sipa tI p SktMit ; 1285 

& KOftayycXra poi 

npoTTtp^s dx^t ^^"'^ ^pottg \6yQP ; 

alal, 6X»\6t &vhp tirt(«ipyda'», 

tI <l>js, riva Xcyc <r pcoy pMi vtoVf 

alaialaif Z89O 

46 S0^0KAE0Y2 

ywauuiov dfi^uctio'Bai fi6pop ; 

XO. 6pap ir&p€<rrw o^ yhp iv ftvxoU lr(. 

KP. olfun, 

KoKhv t6K SKko diVTtpov Pk«ir» rdXaf. 1395 

rif &pa, rlf fit irStfiof Irt ittpifUvti ; 

lx» lk€v h x'^P^^^^^ dprltds rtKvov, 

Tokav, rhv If Zvcarra irpoaffK4irta »tKp6p. 

fJMv <ft€v fiaT€p affkia, <f>€v T€kvov, 1300 

EX. 17 V divBtfKTog ^df fiofila irtpii 

\v€i KtkMph ffki^Hipa, KMcutraa'a fup 

Tov irp\» 3a»6vTog M«yapc«ff xXecydv Xaxo9» 

a^$i9 bi Tovdtf XoicBiov di cot Kcuchg 

wpA^eis ii^pvfia'atra rf vrcudojcrdi^. 1305 

KP. atat aUut arp, fi, 

ai/«Way 4^fif' rl /i ovk ivraUuf 

IwaWtV Tit dfJLKl>l$ffKT^ ((^* » 

dfiXoioff iyif, alai, 1310 

dtikalq, di ovyiUKpafuu dvf. 
EX* &9 alriop yt r&pdt Kixttvmp ^X"^ 

irp6s rrjt Bapovmft rrjalt inta-iajnrov fi6pmp, 
KP. vol^ ti k&ir«\v<rai^ ip ipopcug Tp&irt^ ; 
EX. valtraxr h^ ^ap air6xttp aMfP, irws 1315 

iraidbf t6V jlcBti^ 6(vkSicvtop v6Bog* 
KP* &poi pot, riHf ovK In SKkop fiporinf arp, y. 

4fMt ^pScti fTo^ i( alrlaf. 

iy^ ydp </ iyi» tuavop, & fUXtotf 

iyi», i^dp thvpop, l» frp6awo\oi, 13S0 

Aytri p in rdxof, Sym fi iimiMv, 

rhp oCk Spra fi£XXov fi prfiipa* 1325 

XO* iccpdf* wapaiPtU, tt n Ktpdog ip Kwcoig 

ANTirONH. 47 

Ppdxiara yhp tcpariara tom notnv koicA, 
KP. 7rtt Tro), dm-, ff, 

(fxunim yu&ptav 6 leaXXtoT* e/uoy 1339 

^fiol T€piilau Symv i^pav 

vvaros' It© ir«, 

^o>ff fifjKCT difiap ^fXX' f^o'/do). 1333 

XO. fUWovra ravra, r&v npoKtifUimp n xph 

irpd(ra'€tp. ficXct y^ r«yd* ^rotcrt ;(^ /icXcci/. 1335 
KP. dXX' &y ep& fi^v, ravra ovyKaTrjv(dpa/iv, 
XO. /i^ m/i/ vpoa'€vxpv firjdtv' nt vmp»pivrii 

ovK I^OTi Binjrots (rvpxf^pas anxiXXay^. 
KP. Syoir &!/ fwrmov a»bp iimobi^v, dtrr, y. 

6r, £ TTat, (Tff r* o^x '^'^^^ KartKovcv 1340 

(re r* ai ravB*, &iiot /xcXcof, ovd* Z^f^ 

Ihra nphs ir6rtpov ZSa>* ndvra ykp 

\€xpia rcof x*P^^> ^^ ^* ^^ xpari fioi 1345 

7r6rfios dvo-jcd/xtoror cio^Xoro. 
XO. 9roXX^ r6 <l>povtiv tvbmfxovlas 

irpSrrov vjrdpxf^' Xp4 d* ^^ 1^ ^^^ 

fiTf^v datTrreuf' prydKot dc X^yoft 1 350 

/icydXar irXi^y^ff r£v {mtpavxwf 


y^p9 rd (fipov€w cdido^ay. 



1. ''A Koiyhv a{rrd6€\4>oy 'lo'fi'fiyris ledpat Ismene, of a (ommon 
lotf my oum sister, Koiyhs = BfMifioSf of those who are of 
the same family. avrd^tX^os defines more strictly, and 
is used of those wbo are bom of the same father and 

2. 2p' oltrff 8ri Zths ; Knowett thou that of the evils which 
come from CSdipus, there is none which Zeus it not bringing 
ta pass, even in our Itfe^time? dvoiov oitx^ = ov^ky S 

Ti ou. 

3. y^y in f^ffotv, gen» absolute* J. G. G* £l4!l, 2 ; Wordsw. 

4. Ayris Jkre^ = ft^VjAoF, unenviable. This i» now Dindorf *s 
reading. $.tiis irtp is the common version; the diffi- 
culty of which is that it appears to give a sense contrary 
t» that required, viz. fortunate, instead of ealamitous, 


4 Ai\ iiaONE. [v. 41 - 69. 

in the present case is Creon's decree, and Isinene means 
to say, that she does not see how she can In any way 
help. The difficulty of the passage, which lies in j^ir- 
rowfOi is easily ohviated if the whole \6ova' ip % 4^Aw^ 
rowra be taken as a proverbial expression ; and it may 
be explained, What help can I render one way or the other 
(A.^oiMT* &v ^ 'ipdwrowra), i. e. How can I prevail upon Creon 
to relax his decree ? oTj How can I bury oar brother in epife 
of it ? Herm. renders j^vrovo-o, accendent, and ^, potius 
quam ; translating, fVluit can I do which will not rather 
add tOf tJtan diminish, our evil ease? 

41. CI ^vfororfifftis icol ^vvtpydff^i trK6wfu cl, whether or no. 

43. ^hy Tp8« x^P^t tnecum. 

44. hir6pf>rfTov, i.e. imSppriroy V, absol. Words. 163, obs. 
Others take it as ace masc. 

48. &A\* obZlv abr^ r&y ifxuy fi* ttpytiy fUra. Transl. 
But he has nothing to do with my friends, that he should 
keep me (from them), r&y ifx&y belongs to fiera. Cf. 
Elect 536, &AA* ob fAtrriv aibroun r^y y* iii^y icrcafuv, 

63. ZvwKow hros, i. e. ZtfcKovy byofia lx^(^<*> M^^P "vc k^"^ 
yvyii. Schol. 

64. Kol ravT* iuco^uy. Understand fitrrc. ijcoitiy, obey, as 
in Aj. 1070. 

65. robs bnh x^<'*'^^» ^•^ Polynices. The pi. is used, 
though but one person is meant See CEd. Tyr. 
366. TOis ipiKraroTs, i. e. Jocasta. £1. 803. rwy ipUiwv, 
u e. Orestes. 

69. olh* tuf — iy. •Av is frequently thus repeated, and for 

V. 70— 106.] ANTIGONE. 5 

two reasons: — (1) It is used at the beginninfi^ to denote 
the conditional nature of the whole sentence, and again 
with that part of the sentence which it immediately 
modifies. (2) It is used rhetorically, being attached to 
the word or words on which most emphasis is to be laid. 
Cf. Eur. Med. 250 ; J. 6. G. 432. ci e4\oiSy if you were 
to wish it, (" which you will not," is implied) ; see 
J. G. G. 865. 

70. fiUws. Understand ifiol. 

74. SiTia7ravovpyfi<ra<ra. Compare Young's Night Thoughts. 
*' With pious sacrilege a grave I stole." 

75. irAffwv j(p6vos — iv0dSt. Cf. Eur. Hec. 320; Orest. 
758 ; and Cic. ad Atticum xii. 18, "Longum illud tempus, 
cum non ero,magis me movet quam hoc exiguum." rQy 
iifBdit. The complete construction would be, J) t^y Sc? /i* 
kpiffK^iv ro7s ivBdZt, 

88. Btpfi^v — ^xc* Li^» Thou hast a hot (i. e. impatient) 
heart in chilling circumstances. The meaning is variously 
explained : — (1) by Dind. and Wex., " Calidum cor habes 
ubi frigido opus est ;'* (2) Herm. and Wund., ** Calidum 
a rebus horrorem incutientibus cor habes.** The text 
will bear either. 

89. oW hftiffKovtr*, See above, 17, note ; Wordsw. 164. 

92. &px^*') from the beginning; not omnino, which &pxV 
never signifies, unless a negative follows, as in Philoct. 
1239, itpxhi' K\iuv &y obS' &rra^ ifiov\6fAriv. 

106. rhv Aci/Kcunrii' ^wto, i.e. the host of the Argives, 

5 ANTIGONE. [t. 108—124. 

called 6 \<^catfv«f K%At, iBsch. S«pt c Thcb. 90 ; cC 
Eur. Phoen. 1106. im ^Sra /sirra, Le. ^&ra iiC' 

108. ^vydSa wpSBpofurp. Proleptically for 6<rrc tfi^cu ^^. 
trp^p. Compare (Ed. Try. 166, cf irorc — ^i^ttr^ iterowiatf 
^K6ya v^fiarof, L e. Aart «Imu itrrowttu^ ; See also abore, 
25. h^vrip^, comparative, as if with sarcasm : quicker 
than theff earns, 

1 10. hs, §c the Aigive host. 

117. <rT&f, sc. the Argire host luXiBpmif, the houtet of the 
city. The enemy scaled the wails, from which they 
were able to look down upon the lUXaBpa withiu. ^vi' 
ffouruf \6yxais, with spears eager for bloods et Pbiloct. 

118. hft/^ixosfiry, itfi^ix«Uy€»9f, Lat. inhiare ; properly of a 
wild beast over its prey. 

121. itpiv itktta^iiym, hefere that they (sc r^v kMifiLarwtp 
^Stra, the ArgivesJ had had their fill rf our blood in their 
jaws, yiwuauf, dativus loci ; c£ (Ed. Tyr. 25, ^Ikouaa 
li^r kJlXv^iv iyKdpTTots x^^*^'* ni/tdrtu^, gor. by 
wKrieBriifaL Wordsw. 132, g, obs. 1. 
rr€^4yif/M vltfrfrnv, ffr^fdyaif w^pyssw, Eur. Hec 910. 

124. roiof'—9pditorrt, Such a din rf mar $oa$ raised behind 
them (hf*^ vmrOf behind the retiring Jrgives,) a hard 
eonfiiet by reason rf the dragon their adversary » 
"Apffot, i. e. of the Thebans, whose badge was the dragon* 
ivoycelpmftm, in appositioii to wdrnyos. 

129—140.] ANTIGONE. ^ 

129. ^^fuert. Of an anny ruahing forwards like a Jload, 
Msch, Pers. 412, /^cv/ia n^paUtov arparov. 

130. XP^*^^^ K€afax§ ^ bwfpSirras, Ani proud at the clang 
of their golden armour. Or XC^*^^^ <"<^7 ^ taken with 
^t^futri, Herm. and most others read xpuffov Koyaxv^t 
in which case ^^i/xari Kavaxv^ xP^<^ov had better be taken 
together. 6ircf>3irras, ace agreeing with apas, 

131. fiaXfidhof* fiaXfits, generally in pi. (Lat careeres,) 
means the starting-posts of a race-course ; and since these 
were also the goal, it hence acquires the meaning of any- 
thing to be aimed at or reached; here, of the battle- 
ments of the wall. (Deriv. uncertain ; some say fidWw, 
others lUiXofuu.) 

134. iufTtr^TTtf, dat with fern, termination agreeing with 
7f . Others read iivrlTvira, neut pi. as adv., but this is 
against the metre. 

rairraXwOtU = raKayrotOtUf Le. itoffturOtU, Schol. 
sumng, ?mrled down. The notion is that he was sus- 
pended a moment and then fell. 

135. irvpp6pof, 6s. — Capaneus. Compare ^sch. Sept c. 
Theb. 432; Eur. Phcen. 1186. 

137. c7x< ^ KAAf, icrA., But the battle went partly in one 
way, partly in another, and mighty Ares, a strong ally, 
roughly apportioned their different fates, 

140. 99^t6ffMtpos, sc. finrof, lit a horse fastened to the trace 
on the right, outside} and as this was the most conspicuous 
place, the strongest and most spirited horse was usually 

8 ANTIGONE. [v. 148—166. 

selected for it; hence the word eoniet to mean little 
more tbAn strong, high-metiled. 

148. irdyxci^ica r4\rif Lt/l for Zeut the tribute qf their 
braxen armour, i. e. they were sUin and spoiled. 

144. wAVtoTi^ <rr. irX^y, except. The brothers were both 
slain, and so neither of them could offer the other's 
armour as t^Ai; to Zeus. 

148. iiWh yhp. These words are often elliptic; see for 
instance inf. 156, and Eur. Med. 1084. 

150. 4k fA^y 8^ iroA. Transl. Now at last out of these wars, 
take to yourselves forgetfulness, sc. rf them, r&v vw might 
be said of the war, since peace had not been concluded. 
After QitrQe Xrifffi., supply atn&v. There is another inter- 
pretation which makes good sense : Since these wars are 
at last ended, rStv vvv B,\ri<rfi,, forget these present things, 
i. e. the funerafratrum, 

154. i^X'^h choream ineipiat. 

IGO. TpotJBtro, The middle voice is here used with a nice 
distinctness, for Creon was not said vpoHBtifai iKicXrifflay, 
in which the people might declare their opinions, but 
irp6$tff9M, i. e. where he might have it all his own way, — 
declare his sovereign will, and pronounce his decrees. 

161. ir4fi\^a9, for fisTairefi^^dfieyos. See above, 19. 

165. r& Aatov. Join rit M Kpdrri 6p6vwv Aotov. c3 may 
be taken either with vifiopras or tMs, — better with tlie 

V. 174—215,] ANTIGONE. 9 

174. fcar* ii.yxi<rruat because I was nearest of kin to the 

176. irpiv ^K — 0ai^. The rule, that Tp\p be constructed 
with &v and a subjunct. only after a negative clause^ 
IS observed h«re, for a negative is contained in &/a^- 

183. ohBafMv \4yttt I hold in no tsteem. ct ^sch. Pers. 
497, Bfohs — yofd^coy ob^afiov, 

187. Nor ivill 1 ever take to myse}fas a friend one that is an 
enemy to the iand. 

189. ra6rris ^iri ipOris, while she, sc. our country, is sufe, 

190. Tohi <f>lKovs voioifJLtOa, we acquire our friends, i. e. 
whatever friends we do acquire : this is the meaning of 
the article. 

192. &8cA^& ruv^t, decrees kindred to, or tit eot^ormity 
with, these sentiments* 

212. rhy — ^(ktvow k&s. If Kas be retained, according to 
Dindorfs conjecture, there is no difficulty in the con- 
struction ; if Ko) only be read, we must take trot ravr* 
&p4<rKfi as = ffh ravra noitiy 64\us, and then the ace. 
will follow naturally. 

213. ySfJup irayrt, whatever law you please. 

215. v&s ity (TKoirol yvy etrt ; How then might ye now look 
^c, ? i. e. would that ye would look to, irQs ^y, with the 
to, opt. asks a question, but also includes a wish, cfrc, 
pres. opt. 2nd pi. for ctrirt, (said by Lidd. and Scott to 
be found only Od. xxi. 19d). This is now Dindorfs 

10 ANTIGONE. [t. 217—241. 

reading; but the lense it not to contistent with the 
imperious character of Creon in this play, at that which 
the old reading giret: &t iy ffmawoi yvy ^r€, &c., Set 
now that ye look to, Sfc. A lett haughty command 
than which would hare been exprettcd by twus towB^, 

217. &XX' ^ h-oifioL The Chorut had shrunk from the 
labour of carrying out Creon't commands, at too bard* 
Creon orerrales their objection by saying that otliert 
had been prepared to watch the body. 

218. rl iWo ; What ehe t If &AAy be adopted, it mutt be 
underttood of the Choruti at oppoted to the hrloieoiroi in 
the preceding line. 

219. rh ti^ *mx»p*tv% icr,\., That ye give not way to those 
who would shrink from obeying my commands, hiriffriitf 
hat two meanings: — 1. To ditbelieve; Aj. 940, o68cV o^ 
hMwr& : 2. To disobey; as here, and voL 381. 

225. ivwrAout, haUings; or it may mean crowdings: 
Many thoughts crowded upon me, 

220. Motf. Dat. loci, liiw yipvauf, tup. 120. 

233. Micnow, Impersonally for ^ yy^iuti ivUnvw, Lat, 
Vicit sententia, 

235. m^apyiUyos, Dind., instead of vt^payfA^yos, which he 
says is a lets Attic form. TransL fortified by hope, 
W under reads ieHpajfUyos, having laid hold on. 

241. ffroxdfeu Not (as Erf. and Herm.) conjecture, ''con- 
jicis ;" but, feelest thy way : " tcntas et pervettigas om- 
iiem prssidii rationem.'' Ellendt. Soph. Lex. (Deriv. 
crr6xos, a mark), iaroipdpyvuaait fencest thyself off from 

T. 245—264.] ANTIGONE. 11 

the matter ; see above, 2&5. y4op, nearly =s kcuc^v ti : 
see note, Eur. Med. Z7, (Ox£ Ed. Class.). 

245. Koi 9ii, Well then-^ See Wunder's note, Electra, 

249-50. y^ypBos, yiypst probably a piekaxe* . ti«cc\Ai}, a 

256. AciTT^ 8* Ayos ^c^orrot ^r iv^w tc^is, But dust was 
thinly scattered over Uy as from the hand of one who wished 
to avoid pollution, <p€6yorros» See J. 6. G. 483, obs. 3, 
It was a matter of religious duty not to pass a dead body 
without scattering a handful of earth upon it See Horace, 
Od. I. xzviii. 28, and 31, ad fin. ; and Ylrg. ^n. 
vi. 866. 

260. ^6\e^ 4\4yxofiy ^^Aoura. A sentence in apposition to 

the sentence, ^^ol 8* iy kokoI, in the line before. 

See inf. 413. 

263. T^ fxii, sc. 4^ftpydor$ai, the charge of having done it. 
This is the interpretation of Wunder and Dindorf, who 
refers to t. 443, icol tfyfjfu Bpacai koVk inrapvovfAai rh fifi, 
Herm. omits iras, and reads i<puy€ r^ fxii eliiuai, escaped, 
(or, in judicial language, was acquittedf) because we did 
not know that he had done it, 

264. fA^povs aXpuVf i. e. as a test that we spoke the truth. 
This is one of the earliest allusions to the trial by ordeal, 
afterwards so common. In after times the person ac- 
cused was to hold a burning bi^l of iron (/u&d^r) — vary- 
ing in weight, according to the charges brought against 
him, — in his hand, and move with it to a certain dis- 
tance. If his hands were uninjured, and he shewed no 

12 ANTIGONE. [t. 2C5— 286. 

signs of pain, he was acquitted. (See Farrar's Eccles. 
Diet., art «* Ordeal.") 

265. vvp ZUpiwtuf, Another form of ordeal, to which allu- 
sion seems to be made in Virg. ^n. xL 787: 
" Et medium freti pietate per ignem 
Cultoves multa premimus vestigia pruna.*' 

270. Upon cfx^M^'' depend both it»Ti^vuv and tws KoKSts 
vpd^cupMV. See Ajax, 4<28, oCroi ir* itireipytuf o6S' Sir»r i& 

275. KoBtupu, damnat; vox forensis: Eur. Ores. 861, riv^s 
iy *Apy€iois X^oi jc a 9 c T A o y ^fms KiwiKipcocap $cwttv ; 
rirya^hy. In irony. See sup. 31, rhy iryaShy Kp4oyra, 
and Philoct 873, ayaBol trrparriXdTau Eur. Phoen. 1643. 
7hv v€wrrl Koipayov. Words w. 115. 

278. fiii—rotipyov t^Sc ; Whether this deed be noty 8fc. ? 
See J. 6. G. 814w See note Eur. Phcen. 93 (Oxf. Ed. 

280. Khp\. Take ival with irpli^, not with iix\. \4ywv must 
be taken closely with ik^in-wtraiy iytay is in the nom. 
case, although before an infin., in accordance with the 
rule by which, when an adjective or participle is joined 
with an infin-i it is attracted back to the case of the sub- 
ject of the sentence. 

281. ftvovr Tf KcX y4pny fi^o* Being yipvy, he ought not 
to be Ayovs, 

285. hfi^iicioyas vaohsf pillared temples ; lit. temples supported 
on pillars all round. 

286. ia^aB^iixarOf qfferings in the temples; such as were 

V. 289— 321.] ANTIGONE. 13 

those of Croesus at Delphi. Hdt. i. 50, 8tc. hfaBiipL. 
after wvp^wy, or as Herm. takes it, after hoffK^&y. 

289. ravra, sc. the decree forbidding the burial of Poly- 
nices. ravra depends upon ^ipovrts, 

293. roirovs, sc. the watchers. 

313. rohs irXeiouas — Ij. The comparison is only an apparent 
one. The article is never used with irAc(wy before 1l, if 
irA«{«r be one of the terms compared. Here the com- 
parison lies between i,rt0fi4yovs and vwwrikivovs. See 
Herm.'s note ; and J. 6. O. 4f54, obs. 3. 

316. oIk otir0a, K.r.A. As if he had said, '* Get thee gone ; 
for I cannot bear to hear thee speak." Schol. AwiBt' koX 
wvif yhp \4yuy h»iap6i /uoi cT. 

318. fvBfiiftii. Referring to the question in the preceding 
line. Transl. scan, or measure ; L. and S.* Lex., deJSne 
the place ^. 

320. &\ii/ia, knavet subtle fellow ; (lit that which is groundf 
fr. &\c»). So Ulysses is called ikrifia arpdrov, Aj. 381. 
Compare Aristoph. Nub. 447, 99pirpi/j^a Bikw: ibid. 
260, A^civ 7ci^ci rplfifjM. Others read XdJirituu 

323. fl Zttvhy, f 9oKu yt, kcA !^«v8^ 9oK€iy. The meaning 
is, // is hard that you should suspect me, and falsely too, 
9oKu and SoKfTy are impersonal ; with the latter must be 
supplied ro6r<p, 

324. H6fArp€Vf, talk as finely as you will about suspicion, but 
if, Sfc, K^/Aif^cvc, Schol ff%iivoKAy€i, r^v Z6iaiQw wtpi* 

14 ANTIGONE. [v. 326—361. 

326. Exit Crew. 

837. iJh' ofZfiatriv. *' Inter tindaa.'* Herm. But the ordi- 
nary sense of 6x6, underf » better : '* Qna^flucius subiens 
ut tegi illis videatur vel mergi." Elleudt. 

340. I\\9ii4vwv iip^pcev, circumacto aratro^ when the plough 
is turned about, L e. in the furrow. woXevw refers to 
rwTOf in 384. 

841. K9v^w60if •— i^iOmw, S«e Velow, 617, Kov^w^ur 

851. &^(€Ta(, mid., adome, with nom. kfi^tXo^op ^vryhv, 
Dind. But the text is very doubtful, ^d^crai, with 
ace i/u^. {Vy. tnb jugum ducet. Brunck. fy* &{cr«u, 
adducit vel ad Jugum ti opus fuerit. Bothe apud 
EUendt The common reading is i^erau 

354. ip^iyiiMf speech i dkendi factiltas» ^pSvjiyM, thought; 
cogitandi fuculku. hy€n6€y,{fr.&y€fios). It is the notion 
of swiftness or flexibility which points the epithet 

Z5S. Uthd^en-o, he hath taught himself; in a strictly middl« 

359. ihroi^^fME, cold, bteeA; properly, to which persons are 
exposed in the open air, Cf. iCsch. Agam. 335, r&y 
hraiOpiatv vdywv tpSo'WV r' kvoKkay^ef. 

861. ^cv(ir, means of escape. So X^criv inf. 597, means 
qf getting free, iwd^trai, ** The absolute future, like 
the aor. and absolute present, expresses repetition, — ^that 
an action may happen at Beveral future moments, but 
has not yet happened ; it is only possible and suppos- 
able." J. G. G. 406, 2. The three iterative forms are 

V. 367—397 ] ANTIGONE. 15 

found together in this passage: arporci and ae|cTai — ^M- 
Za^aro — iird^wrat. 

867. iwl goTems both iccuchv and 4<rdxhp. See above, 212. 

369. vapaup&Vt violating. This is now DindorTs reading; 
he refers this line to the former part of the preceding 
sentence, irori fihy {M) Keuchv (c/nrci), as an explanation 
of it ; &X\oT* hr* M\hp must then be inserted 9td ti4eov. 
The place is hopelessly corrupt. The usual reading is 
waptlpoffyt which is interpreted eolens ; but how this sense 
is to be obtained it is difficult to see. Wunder reads 
irtptdpwpf executing. Schaefer, ykp aXp»Pf ettdting* Mus- 
grave, ytpalpvPf honouring. 

875. fi'fyi' tvop ^opQPf nor be a iharer in my counaelt. 

876. ii ha*/i. jc.t.\., at for this atroHge marvel — dependent 
upon i/ji^ipo&. 

881. ob Bit rrov, ic.r.A., Surely they are not bringing theet 
having detected thee, ifc, 
hTiarovoav, See above, 219. 

888. kcUl couples kwurrov^ait roh jB. p6ftois with iy k^poo^ipy. 

889. ^ wlpoio, the rfler'thought, or teoond- thought i t^f 

ypiiitiriPf the (firtt) resolve, 

398. The construction is oi^p touctp, i. e. oiuc Uutw AXAp 
iihop^ (fit rh) firiKOS. 

894. Katwep i»v inrtifwros, although I swore I would not. 

896. K\fpos, ic.r.A. alluding to 275. 

397. BoSpfAoioVf for rb "Epfiaiop, The lucky chance or dU" 
covery. (Th.*Ep/4T?s, the god of luck.) 

16 ANTIGONE. [v. 404—414. 

404. tif irh rhv Pticpinf iircrrat. Transposition of the sub- 
stantive from the principal to the relative clause. The 
object of this is to lay an emphasis on the adjectival 
sentence. See J. O. G. 824, ii. obs. 2. 

409. rhw vhiw, Herm. remarks that there is no other 
instance in Soph, of the article in this position. It is 
Gonunon enough to find the article in one line and its 
substantive in another, but not without some adjective or 
particle interposed : thus Phil. 263, ttv ol AMr<rel trrpaent^ 
yo\, &c. CEd. CoL 351, rk r^s oXkol Suiri)!. Herm. 
accounts for the departure from the rule here by the 
insertion of the comma after ¥4isw, 

41 1. Ka$^fA€t^ tuepttv iK wdytmf, We tat doum on the top qf 
the Jull and looked from it. This is the full meaning. 
" The verbs of standing, sitting, suspending, holding, Sfc. 
are joined with &ir^ and ix, and denote a motion from 
their objects which is implied therein.** J. G. G. 646, 3 ; 
Wordsw. 184: see Hom. IL (. 153. Mtv^/wi, sheltered 

from the wind. " Vento non ezpositL** Ellendt and Erf. 
But it must rather mean close up under the wind, i. e. on 
the windward side of the corpse. 

412. ft^ fid}ioi, Lest it, sc. ifffiii, should strike us. 

413. hrtpp60oa KOKOun. Sup. 259. 

414. i^iS^croi. In both ^f<8c<r0ai and &^ci8c«y we find 
the common meaning of neglecting, but from different 
points of view. &^ct8cir means to he unsparing ; hence, 
reckless, careless about, and so to be neglectful qf: ^c^Sfcr- 
Om, on the contrary, means to be too sparing, to fail of 
doing what is wanted ; and so it too acquires the sense of 
neglecting. See Herm.'s note. 

T. 420—454.] ANTIGONE. 17 

420. iif 8* 4fi.€<rr^$ri. This is not a case of tmesis, but 4y 
is used adverbially, in the sense of simul ; so it is found 
again (Ed. Tyr. 27* ivV 6 irvp<f>6pos 0ebs <ncfi}l/as i^Mt^yei, 
K,T.K, Elect 713, iy 8i was iiJi€<rr^0ri Bp6fJLOS. 

421. $tlcuf y6ffoy, i. e. the whirlwind ; v. 418, obpdyioy &x<><* 

423. viKpas 6pvi0oi, The fundamental notion of viKphs is 
piercing, whether referring to shape, sound, taste, or 
feeling. Here it probably refers to the piercing cry of 
tlte bird. Linwood renders it irata. For the deriv. see 
Buttm. Lexil. 

441. <ri nil. Supply \4yw, as in Msch, Pr. V. 9*6. 

444. ah fi\y Koyd^ois &v, &c., yott may get you gone ; a form 
of command less positive than would be expressed by tlie 
imperative. See Elect. 1491. x^l*^" ^^ ef(r». Wordsw. 

445. ^|c0 $apf(as curias iXtMtpoy, A redundant form of 
expression similar to Philoct. 31, 6p& Ktt^y otKtio'iy iw^ 
OpJinoty nixtt* Cf. also Aj. 464. 

446. tirjKos, ace. used adverbially. 

450-55. rd(Sc, this decree, viz. that the dead should not be 
buried. 452. To6a'Bt ydfiovs refers to the same. 455* 
Oyfirhv ivff. Understand o-^ from rh trh KTip&yfiara^ 

454. &7pairTa. Cic. pro Mil., " Non scripta sed nata lex, 
quam non didicimus, accepimus, legimus, verum ex ipsa 
natura arripuimus, hausimus, expressimus, ad quam non 
docti sed facti, non instituti sed imbuti sumus." Cf« 
altto Xen. Mem. iv. 4. 19. 

18 ANTIGOK£. [t. 4^-41(6. 

458* rofnm. Referring to wiufitk, with the doCiod (which 
iMtnraUj arifc* from tV >^^ Sii^fir) of their Tiolatioii 
ineltided. #<w I/kAAot, I did not duoie — or, in more 
eommon Englieb, / was noi going — to hone to pap the 
penalty, tfc» tV S^eipv the penalty whieh I siomU have 
had to nat/m if I had vi fjafed them, 

40O« 0aro»n^ Hth' See shore, 17. 

46L rev xp^ov wp6^ep, brfore my time, L cu wfiif fiot fiotpaf 
itiiuuf $ioo, inf. 896. Etotj one el hie Urth wae sap- 
poied to here a iimpa 0iov allotted to htm* which under 
ordinerj cireometaneet he wodM fuUil ; but it might be 
cut ihort by accident or violence, or want of mcanip 

462. ol^, t e. t^h, 

466. ai'— d^. See abore, 69. 

471. The order if, rh yinmuC &imw r^t natS6t SqAe? (Kr) 4^ 
ifftov wairp^f, 

478, Tram L But know /or a certainty that it is the too 
stubborn spirit which is most liable to faU; and it is the 
strongest iron out cf the Jire, baked to exeessiee hardness, 
that you wilt generally see broken and shkteredp 

479. rShf n4\af, of his neighbours, .i e. of anybody else* 
Lat,, quorumois aliorum, 

486, iX\* ffTr* d8f A^f, n.r.K TrantL But whether she is 
the daughter of my sister; or whether she is nearer to me 
than all that is saered in my house, Sfc. Zc^t "Epnttos, 
Jupiter Penetralis ; an expreteion used generally to de- 
note all those ties by which, as under the same tutelary 
god, all the members of a household are linked to* 

V. 487—528.] ANTIGONE. 19 

487. Kvpti, Supply odffcu Cf. CEd. Col. 726 ; Philoct 23. 

489-90. The construction is: Koi yhp oZv Xtrov irairiuficu 
Ktljrrjv rovBe rod rdx^ov, /3ov\6V(rat, i.e. rod 0ov\tvaai 
avr6v, Tov8e rov rdufHtv depends upon iifoatSfiai, not 
upon tiroyf nor rrtpl understood. 

495. fAttrw y€ fittnoi. Compare Plant AuL It. 10. 23, 
*' Non mihi homines placent, qui, quando malefecerunt, 

509. ffol 8* MWov&i ffrSfut, But they keep their tongue under, 
for fear of thee, i e. they cringe to thee. 

512. x^ Karatrrloy davdiv, Eteocles. 

514. ir&% 817T* iK*(y<ip Svcro-e/S^ rifi^s j(^"^i ^^^ ** *^ ^^^ 
that thou honourest (him, i.e. Polynices,) with an honour 
which M disrespectful to the other {iKtiytf, Le. Eteocles). 

517. oi yhp T( 1iov\oSf fc.r.A., Why, he did not die his 
(Eteocles's) servant, but his brother, 

521. rls oVinf-^^dJUt ; Who knows whether from the dead 
beneath these things will have approval for innocence ? i. e. 
as being right and pure. 

527. ^(XeCSeA^a ic. 9. c, letting fall tears qf love for her 

528. aifiar69v. The application of this word is disputed. 
Heath would understand that Ismene had been tearing 
her cheeks out of grief. Herm. would render alfAar6fv 
p40os aiox^vu, crimsons her cheek with shame (i. e. because 
she had not bad the courage to stand by her sister). 

20 ANTIGONE; [v. 532—566 . 

Perhaps no more than fluthed is meant : The gri^ on 
her brow (I'c^. h^pp, (hrtp) dUfigures her fiuehed dieek. 

632. X-fidowra fi* i^iwtyts, for fKaJOts /ji^ iicwtyowra, 

587. rris alrtas. Wordaw. 132. 

642. &y roHfTfoVt k.t.\., Whose the deed is, Hades and the 
dead know. 

646. Oavfty — aywlfrau These aorists must not be rendered 
alike. Transl. Do not reject me from dying with thee, 
and from having offered the lustral rites to the dead. Is- 
mene was willing to make up for having negkcted her 
duty to the dead, by now dying with her sister. 

646. /ii^S* & fij^ *Biy9s voiov (rcavr^s, Nor claim as thine own 
what thou hast had no hand in, 

661. itKyov0-a fi^if Bii Ktl yiXmr* tv eroi y%\&, Antigone 
must be supposed to have answered in line 549, with a 
amile of scornful pity. This will explain kH y4Kur* tv 
trot 7f A.d, which is the same as 4yy€?SM aoi, 

652. kKKhvw, Snppljin sense, ^lii)i irpArtpov, If I helped 
thee not then, yet new in what can I help titee f So inf. 
770, kKKh, rrivucave*. Elects. 1013, &AA& ry xf^^V 
iror^. Phil. 1041. Eur. Hec. 391. 

654. «c&/iir\(iK« rod oov fi6pov ; koI belongs to fiSpov, may I 
not even die with thee t 

656. dAX' oi'K ii^ itpfyfyrots, k.t.X., But not for went of my 

666. t1 y^ — fiiAoinor, For what were life ta me without 
my sister heref 

V. 567— 597.] ANTIGONE. ^ 21 

5<57. AaX' ffit fiivroii k.t.A. 1J8«, i. e. rh IJJe (" the word 
^8«") repeated from r^rrSc in the last line. Transl. 
Say not "thy sister here" for she is no more. 

571. vUffi. dat pi. fr. the form vlivs* 6. vUos. I). vUu 
ace. not used ; Dual vUe. vUoiv. PL nom. v2e7s. u2^»y 
(later vfeu(ri) vi4a$ and ulcis. There is another epic 
form vis. See Wordsw. § 21, ohs. 6. 

577* iccA trot yt KiLfiol. Supply toiKt. Herm. however 
would repeat 8€lioyfJi4va iarl. Non minus tibi quam mihi 
certum est illam mori. 

/A^ rpi$hs (r\ Understand ifAfidWtre, Schol. An ace. 
is not unfrequently thus used alone ; e. g. Aristoph. 
Ach. 344>, fi-ff fioi iFp6<pcunv. Wasp. 1179, fi^ piol yt fid- 
$ovs. And in Lat, Cic. de Fin. ii. 6, ** Turn ille, finem, 
inquit, interrogandi, si videtur." 

579. 6? Hi rdurZt — cTXat yvv. cT\ai| shut up, confine. The 
common reading is in Z\ toS8« — ttvcu, yw. Henceforth 
must these be women, i. e. conduct themselves as women, 
i. e. live at home. A hitter sarcasm, implying indeco- 
rous behaviour on the part of the sisters. iLpttfidyas, 
Compare Electr. 516, iuf€ifi4yii iiky &s l^ouceu aZ orp^^ci. 

586. bfioiop &<rr€ — iucral, Transl. Like as a wave, when 
it races over the dark depths of the sea (llptfios ff^oXoy), 
(driven) by the violent Thracian sea-blasts, rolls up from 
the abyss the black and storm-tossed sand, 8fc. Others 
take Ipc/Sof f^oKov as nom., and oTS/ia as after imbpdp.ii, 

595. <l>BirSy, i. e. the two brothers. 

597. obS* Ifx** ^^o-iv, nor have they, — sc. tA iHipara, or per- 
haps, rh yivos, — remission. See note above, 361. 

22 ANTIGONE. [v. 699—636. 

599 — 602. vw yhp, jct.X., For now the light which shone in 
the house of (Edipus over its last roots, that too the gory 
scythe qf the nether gods mows down. iffx^Tos p^as. 
Antigone and Ismene were the only remaining children 
of CEdipus. <l>dos = x^H^* f^urripla, Uesych. Antigone 
is meant, and her intended marriage with Hsemon. piy 
refers to ^kbf. Uerm. and others read jct^ws, and render 
jcara/xf I obruit, 

607. &Koiroif unflagging, unwearying, iLKdfiarou The com- 
mon reading violates the metre. 

611. rh frrtiTa, the present, te. that which is immediately 
about to happen, as distinguished from rh f^eWop, tite 
more distant future, 

612. irapKiiTu, prevail, hold good, 

619. ^IZ6ti 8* ohZfv tpirei, but it (sc. ^Airls) creeps upon a 
man, who perceives not until he have approached to the 
verge qf extreme danger. ovShv eiSSri, nihil sentienti- 
bus ; men without sense qf danger, irupl Btpfx^, summo 

621. <ro<pi<f, adverbially. 

629. TciXiSof. rSXif = vifupTi, By deriv. probably con- 
nected with Bd\\a, BfjKvs, 

632. TtKtiay y^tfiov, the final decree, tI}s /ucXAoi^/li^oi;, 
about thy betrothed, — see 11, — depends upon ^^f, not 
upon Kwoai^w. 

634. ftamaxht quoquo modo. 

636. iiwop8o7s, pres. indie. Understand iftd. 

V. 637—687.] ANTIGONE 2S 

637. i^iws. Join with fAtlfwy. The order is : odScis ydfios 
i<rr<u i^iws fui^wv <t>4p. <rov koX. iiy. 

689. oSt» yhp, yhp, why ; in the same sense as Shaksp. 
Tempest, act 1. sc. ii., "Why, that's my spirit 1" 

653. &<r€l Tc Bwrfttyrjf like a foe» &o'fl rt to be taken as 
one word. 

654. yvfKf>€6uv rivi vvft^tltiVt properly, to give in marriage ^ 
as in Eur. Ale. 317; but also sometimes to he given in 
marriage, as here, and again inf. 816. 

673. iafoardrov. See Eur. Hec. 414. 

675. rpoirhs Koerapp^yufft, breaks up and puts to the rout, 
rpoT^s, proleptically for Aorc ttvai rpowiis, dophs had 
better be taken with fidxp, 

tSav 8* ipBovfiiywVf but of those who conduct themselves 
rightly f i. e. twp itpxopiivwy, opposed to ivapxlas in line 

677. To7s Koa-fMVfi4vois, the laws. 

680. ^Kirtfftty, to be deposed ; frequently followed by a gen. 
See Mscih, Prom. ▼. 756, imriiqf rvpayyUos. 757, ^Kir€- 
<reiy &px^^* 

681. ^i n^ T^ XP^I'V KfKXtfifitBa, unless we are deceived hy 
reason qf our age, KtK\4fifu6a, inf. 1218, 04oun kXct- 


686. oth* &y BvyalfAtiy, ftifft* 4vi<rralft.iiv \4ytiy, I shall neither 
be able, and I pray that I may never know how, 8fc, 8v- 
yalfAiiy, potential ; 4wurratfifiv, strictly optative. 

687. KtiK&s Hx^^* Supply rt. 

24 ANTIGONE. [▼. 688—718. 

688. orov depends upon vpM'icmrfiir, and = Mp 00v 

691. K^ois Toio^oif. For a like use of the dative, see 891, 
raif 0«4S iirciXoii. 

696 7. ^TU — fiitr* — cWc, for that or huuwmeh as the /</2 
not. Notice the force of ^ts /<4v<9 » distin^uiahed from 

703-4. rl yhp varftbtt it.TA., Far what greater pride amd 
glory (AyaXfAa ebKKeta% ) con children haee than their father' $ 
being prosperous, or what (sc. ttyoA/ta fiel^ow) can there 
be from sons to their father, wphs ira(8c»y is for iroitwy 

706. As ^s ab, icr.^., That what you say, and nothing else, 
is right, 

707-9. 5<mt, oZroi, Singular passing on to pi. Corap. Eur. 
Or. 930. abrovpy6s, oXirtp Kol fi6yoi&c This is re- 
versed inf. 1166-7. Stoi' vpoZStaiv ApBpts, oh rlBriti* 
4yi» fjif rovrov. Compare Eur. Hec. 360. lhr§tr* loots 
&r iferiror&r &fi&¥ ^p4yas r^x^'M* ^ 8 orris &c. 
Med. 219. 8/iei| 7^ obK tveor* 4r 6p9d\fA0is fipor&w, 
iirrts &c. 

710. &XV <U8pa. The order is obi^p altrxpby ion rh A^a 
fiai^dyeiy iroAAJ^ ical rb fiii jct.A. 

715. iSp too, whosoever strains tight the sheets rf a vessel, 
and slackens nothing, Ij^e. iynpar^, i, e. dkare iynparii 
fhcu. See above 676. ^xpaT^t is sometimes read, which 
may be taken either as governing yobs, or as an adverb. 

1 18. rlkff 9vpov, give way from thy wraih ; like xoAoy bffy^s, 

V. 721—767.] ANTIGONE. 25 

iufUyai fJLuplaSf &c. If 0vfi^ be read, a comma must be 
put after cfice, and 0vfA^ will then depend upon BUiou, 

721. irdpr\ adverbially: in all things^ Compare Trach. 
S38. For the whole sentiment, compare Hes. Op. 
et Diefi, 291, oZros fi^y ir(wdpi(rro$ hs a^hs trdvra 
wo4iarf i<rB\hs 8* aZ Kiucfiyos hs eS tlrrdyri viOrircu. And 
Liv. xxii. 29, " Saspe ego audivi, milites, eum prtmum 
esse virum, qui ipse consulat quid in rem sit; secundum, 
eum qui bene monenti obediat." 

728. /Afiiky, i. e. <t>povt7if fifjikp, from the line before. 

731. 068* tuf K^Keutraifi, The meaning is : Not only would 
I not do so (sc. tbc, is r. ic.) myself, but I would not even 
bid another do so, 

733. 06 4>ri(ri, says, No, Wordsw. 168, obs. 4. 

751. rtvd, meaning himself. Creon mistakes his meaning, 
as appears from what follows. 

752. ^ K&raTfiKuv, k.t.\. ; What ! dost thou proceed even to 
threaten, in thy hardihood? 

756. fiif K^iWt fjt§, don't prate to me, 

769, M ^Syoiffi, in censure i as Electra, 108, M kukv- 
r^. Compare Eur. Phoen. 1555, o6fc #ir* dutiHteriv oW 
iirixdpfMuruf dxV i^Airaiai K4yu, 

763-4. ffl T* obBctfj^ — 6pvv, The meaning is simply, " I 
will leave you, so that (765) you may play the madman 
with those of your friends who will bear with you." 

767. fiap^i, dangerous ; one from whom mischief may be ap- 
prehended. Compare 1251. 

26 ANTIGONE. [v. 775—802. 

775. &s &yos, i. e. &s peiyeiu Ayos* See 256. 

779. iiWh TTiviKav^. An elliptic expression, as above, 552. 
The ellipse may be supplied : She shall discover, (if she 
has not done so before,) yet then at any rate, &c. 

781. "Epws. The subject of the Chorus is suggested by the 
love of Hsemon for Antigone, which emboldened him to 
brave his father's anger, and remonstrate against bis 

782. ts 4v KrfifMun irlirrtts, wJio assailest the wealthy, lerfi- 
fiara, ** pro opulentis ac potentibus." Herm. Tliis 
is the usual interpretation ; but it is not satisfactory. 

784. ivyvxfitis. Compare Horace, iv. xiii. 6 : 

** lUe virentis et 
Doctae psallere Chiae 
Fulchris excubat in genis." 

786. <r€ <f>{>^ifM5, The verbal governs the same case as the 
verb from which it is derived. 

788. 6 8* l^xoM^* Understand <rt, 

791. i^Uovs, i.e. &<rrt aBUovs tlvcu. See above, 25. 

796. r&v fitydXuv ovx^ v^tHpos Bexrimv, in no wise an 
assessor of the great laws. The meaning is, that Hsmon's 
love, which had set him in opposition to his father, had 
also set him in opposition to the laws. 7r(£pe8pos, an 
assessor, or coadjutor. 

801-2. vvp 8* f^8i} *y^ Kabrhs, But now I myself too am led to 
disrespect of the laws (0€(r/uiwi/ %^o» tfttpofiai), when I see 

V. 804— 834.] ANTIGONE. 27 

these things, 8fc. . The meaning is, that the ChoniSi hy 
shewing sympathy for Antigone, was in a way guilty of a 
want of respect for the sanctity of the laws which she had 
set at nought 

804. TfayKoiraif^ Compare (Ed. Col. 1563, rhif vayicevtf^ 
K^ra vtKp&if ir\duca. 

816. vvfJL^tinru. See above, 654. 

820. oifTc ^uftttow 4wlxtipci Xaxova'f nor hetving for your lot 
the meed qfthe eword, i.e. death by the sword. 

821. iiurdyofioSf independent i in the sense of obeying the 
law of her own heart ; acknowledging no law in opposition 
to her own sense of right 

824. rity ^pvyiav {cVay. Niobe, the daughter of Tantalus, 
king of Lydia. She is called r&v ^pxryloM because Sipy- 
lus, on which her father Tantalus had built a city, was 
accounted to be within the borders of Phrygia; and 
i4}faM because she was not of Greek origin, but being a 
Phrygian, had married Amphion, king of Thebes. 

827. TFfTpata fixdara ^^curfv. Compare Soph. Kl. 150, i^, 
iravT\dfxa)y Ki6^, ak 8* Ihyayt y4fiw Othv &r* ip rA^ 
wtrpal<p alou BaKp{feis, Pans. i. 21. 5, ravri/y r^f IJiSfiriv 
Kcil abrbs tlboy hyeKB^y is rby MirvKoy rb 6pos, ^ Si 
irKTia-ioy fi^y trerpa koI Kpfifiy6s ttmy, oh^\y irap6yri <r-)fyiJM 
iropfX'^/^''''' yvvaiK6st oiht &Wt»s othe trfydoia-iis' tl 8i 
y« iro^^orripw yiyoio, i€9aKpvfi4yriy i6^€i5 Spay koI Komi^ 

834. dA.\& 64ott but she was a goddess, ^c. The Chorus 
gently rebukes Antigone for too freely comparing herself 
with one of divine race. 

28 ANTIGONE. [v. 85G-924. 

856. ixTtytiSf thou art paying off; paying to the full, 

858. irarphs rpiw6\'tiroif otrov. Lit, The thrict'repeated 
fate of my father^ and of all our race, to the famed de- 
seendants of Labdacus, kXuvois AafiHax,, instead of gen., 
or in apposition to rifuy, implied in afitrdpov, 

872. tr4fi€iv ftJkp iba4fitia ris, to act piously indeed is piety 
(alluding to Antigone's burying lier brother) in a sort, 
but the power qf Mm who is the guardian of power must 
not be disregarded. The constr. is Kpdros (avrov) Sr^i 
&c. irif fx4\ti, penes quern est, 

875. ain^vTot, self-willed. Compare similar forms : av^eC- 
hi\s, aln6fiovKos, ainoyvi&fxuif, 

879. KofiTrdSos, i.e. the sun. 

884. et xP^h \iy€iy, if it booted to speak them, 

887. cfrc xfSt wither she desire, XPV ^^^ XPit^^ Dind. 

896. fioTpay ^itiKuif $lov. See note above, 461. 

904. And yet I honoured thee, in the judgment of the wise, 
well. Take cS with irlfAria-a, although Herm. and others 
prefer to join it with ^povovci, 

909. v6ffis fi^y tuf, fcr.A. Compare the reason given by the 
wife of Intaphernes for saving her brother rather than any 
other of her relations. Hdt iii. 119. 

924. dv(r0-4fi€tay — iicn\<rdfii\v, liv<r<r4$€iay, a charge of, or 
character for impiety. Compare Eur. Med. 218, 8i(<r- 
K\tta» iKT-ffffcurro Koi PaBupday, And sup. 470, fiwpiav 

V. 925— 951.] ANTIGONE. 29 

925. iiW* €1 ti}v ody rJu^t ic.r.X. reCSc, i.e. my sufftiring 
punishment for a good deed. Transl. But if these things 
are fair in the sight of the gods, httving sufferedt I shall 
confess that I have erred;, i. e. I shall have been in 
error, and shall have atoned for my error by my pun- 

931-2. Toi yhp ro^ay, jct.X., Therefore this shall be to the 
cost ofhir conductorst for their slowness, ro^ray depends 
upon icAa^ftara, and refers to the appeal which Antigone, 
through the commiseration of those who guarded her, 
had just been allowed to make. 

938. $tdi vpoytyus. Mars and Venus, from whom sprang 
Harmonia, the wife of Cadmus. 

944. ohpdvtoy ^s &XAil(|flu, to exchange the light of heaven, 
8c. for darkness. ^A^itifitty is used in a similar way, ^sch. 
Prom. y. 23. Generally, the case of the thing received 
in exchange is expressed ; as in ^sch. Prom. Y. 966, 
r^s 0^s Karptias r^y ifi^v iuerrpa^iay — ovk div &AA(£|af/i* 
iydf. See Hec. 483, (Oxt Ed. Class.), note. 
The Chorus, gazing after Antigone, as she is being led 
to her living tomb, as if addressing her, (see 949, 
987, & irou,) commemorates her fate by the examples of 
— (1.) Danae, whom her father Acrisius shut up in a 
brazen tower ; or, as another story says, in a subter- 
raneous cell, 944 — ^964; (2.) Lycurgus, king of the 
Edonians, who, for his violence against Dionysius, was 
entombed in a rock, (954 — 9^b)'t and (3.) Cleopatra 
wife of Phineus, who was kept confined in a prison in 
her husband's palace. 

951. The order is &X\* a fMioiBla B^yaaris Hnvd rts {i<m)» 

30 ANTIGONE. [v. 955— 974. 

965. {e^X^ == «raT«J'e^x^» Bup. 946 ; with which line 8* in 
this marks the sequence, as again 8i in line 966. wcus 6 
Ap^cunos, Lycurgus. 

956. KfpTOfilois opyaTsf for^ i. e. on account of, his cruelty. 
Compare Virg. ^n. iii. 13, ** Terra procul vastis colitur 
Mavortia campis, Thraces arant, acri quondam regnata 

959. &iro<rre({V(, intrans. Usues forth from, ras fiaytast 
gen. after &iro(rre(i'ei. 

960. i.ydrip6y. Compare Trach. 1000, fJMy(as AfBos, And 
^sch. Pers. 821, Sfipis i^aveovtra, 

961. rhv dthy depends upon irtyyu, not upon ^liaiay. He 
felt the power of the god, 

964. irai&eirice, impf. tried to stop, 

965. Mo6<ras, The Muses are sometimes mentioned as 
attendants upon Bacchus. 

966. iro^d. See J. G. G. 637, 2, obs. ; and compare inf. 

968. hcral Supply thL 

970-974. iyxi'i^oXis "Apris, lit. Ares, near the city, i,e, the 
tutelary god of the city ; and then by transf. the people 
under the god*s tutelage ; so that &7x. "kp, comes to mean 
no more than incola civitatis, ii<r<rot<ri ^ip, Flexippus 
and Pandion. Bdfiapros, Idsea, the second wife of 
Phineus. ^( iiyplas. i^ = ^h, as above, 957. dAour- 
T6pouri¥, wretched. &Kaffra V€irov66aiy, Schol. The 
order of '^he whole passage is, c78ey &parhy a\a6u *4\Kot 
i,pax0^y Burirotai ^tvtlSais 4^ iyplas HdfAopros ^Aacr- 
rSpourip 6fJifjuiro»y k{)K\ois, ic.r.A. 

r. 980—1034.] ANTIGONE, 31 

980. fxaTDhs ixovr€s hv^pu^mnov yoydvf having their unhappy 
birth from their mothevt i. e. being so luckless as to have 
sprung from a mother who had wedded so unhappily. 
" £x iufausto matris connubio natu" Herm. 

985. Boptkst a patronymic, daughter of Boreas. 

987. i<TXov, Supply ^trl, from the last line, — prevailed over 

996. hr\ Ivpov r^X"!^* ^ proverbial expression to signify 
a very critical state. Compare Hdt. vi. 1], M ^vpov ok- 
M^s ix^'^^'' VH-^^ T^ Trpdyfiara, And Hom. II. x* 173. 

1002. K\d^ovras agrees with HpiftBas, implied in ^B6yyov 

1005. iyevOfjLTjVt I made trial of 

1010. x^^h pl't If^ gall' bladder. 

1011. firipol KoXmrr^Sf k.t.A., the thighs were l^t hare of the 
fat which was laid upon them, koXvitt^s, passive = Lat. 

1018. The order is, fiopas rod livafi6pov y6yov Oi8. ircir- 

1022. Btfip&res agrees with 6pifides, which is implied in 
the general sing. Spvis in the line before. 

1030. ixucrayttv, to slay over again. Compare line 1288, 
6Kot\6T* dvHp* htt^eipydow, 

1034. K* 0^5^ fJtaafrtKrjs Arpaieroi biiiv tlftt, And not even by 
your divination am J unpractised upon. fMrnneris AnpoKTos, 
Compare Philoct 1067» oi^h oov <puyris tri yejrfiffoficu 
vpoa-pBeyicrhs, htiiv. The dat. expresses less directly 
than the gen. the reference of the act to the person. 
See J. G. G. 600, 2. 

af2 ANTIGONE. [v. 1035—1080-3. 

1035. tQv 8* tw(d yipovs = 6ir5 y4vovs ro^cov, sc. r&y 

1042. o65* ^ff — ijAi — irap^(r(i}f Not even thus, through dread 
of pollution like this, will I permit, Sfc. Before fx.ii Trop^crw 
supply ov, from ovxlt 1039. 

1053. rhv {Aavriv, i. e. rhv fxAtniv BvTtu 

1060. 8t& ppeywy must be taken with riiKiyrira, Things 
which lie secret in my heart. Cf. sup. 639, 8m trrepvtav 
^X^iy aKiirtira. Compare CEd. Col. 1526, & 8* ^{a7t<rTa 
fxribh KtvtTrai \6ytp* 

1062. o£hr» yap, k.t,\., Why so (i. e. /u^ eiri K^pHta-iy) I think 
I have been speaking for some time past, — as far as you 
are concerned, Teiresias means that what he has said is 
not likely to prove a Ktp^os to Creon, through his ob- 

1068. ruy &va, a living being, sc. Antigone. Supply rivd, 

1070. ^x^'^ ^^> ^«^ detainest, 8fc, ray kAt, Oewy depends 
upou AfiOipoy, 

1072. &y otfre eo\, K.r.K. Transl. With which things (i.e. 
forbidding funeral rites to Polynices) neither you nor 
the upper gods have aught to do; but they (i.e. ot &i'a> 
6fo)) have violence done to them by thee in this, viz. that 
Polynices remains unburied. 

1078. <l>avtTyitp, ic.r.X. The order is, KotK^fiara ii.y^. (xal) 
yvy. (iy) aots 96fJMt5 ^ayti (tovto). 

1080-3. Transl. And all the cities of those chiefs whose 
mangled corpses either dogs have devoured, SfC, — are roused 
up together to enmity against thee* ix^P^h i* e. &ar€ yiy* 
ywBai ix^pal. 

▼. 1085—1169.] ANTIGONE. SS 

KOO^ttray, See LidcL and Scott tcoBayiftiy means to 
coruecrate, i. e. to set apart, A thing may be set apart as 
holy, or unclean ; hence KoBayif^uf may mean to render 
unclean, defile. 

1085. $v/i^, in my anger. Kopiias ro^^/jLara may mean 
either arrows of my hearty (compare (Ed. T. 893, Bvfiov 
fi4\ri,) or arrows aimed at thy heart, i.e. piercing home. 

1096-7* rh T* tlKa0€7v, K,r.\., For to give way is hard ; but 
to resist and smite my soul with calamity, this is all as 

1105. Kopilas 8^ i^lffTOfioi = wtlOofiOt. 

1107. .tti^S* ^ir* AWouriv rp4frt, for fAvfi* iwirpeirt AWouru - 

1115. Ka8/ictas v^^^as. Semele. 

1120. TrayKoiyois, open to all. All the states of Greece 
alike had an interest in the Eleusinian worship, in which 
Bacchua was honoured jointly with Ceres. 

1 1 25. irypiov r* ivl airopf Bpducoirros, where the teeth of the 
fell dragon were sown. 

1128. va/^a, sc. 6irwr4 (Tf, 

1135. €va^6ino)y, sounding the cry qf"Evoe.** 

1137. T^ refers to n6\iv, implied in ^fidtat kyuias. 

1156-7. otfK ^(rff bvotovt ic. t.A., Never shall I either praise 
any life of man as prosperous, nor find fault with it as 
calamitous. Supply iriaovra after f».9fv^atin\v, contrast- 
ing with crivra. 

1169. f^. Imperative. J. G. G. 274, obs. 5. . 


S4 ANTIGONE. [v. 1171—1216. 

1171. irpbs rV ri^f^y, •» eompariton with pleature. vphs, 
Wordsw. 198, e. 

1175-6* abrSx^ip '* alfida'a'ereu, by tuicidal hand his Wood 
is shed. To acconnt for the qaestion following in the 
next line, it is only necessary to rememher that death by 
one's own hand, or by the hands of persons near of kin, 
was equally called suicide. Compare Aj. 841, abroa^O' 
ytis TTpbs rS>v ^Odtrrwv iKy6vwv» 

1184. IlaXA^of 66as — tbyfidrw 7rpo<Hiyopos, to qffler my 
prayers to Pallas. Adjectives, derived from verbs which 
may have a double ace, are followed by a double geni- 
tive of the same objects. See J. 6. G. 548, 2. 

1 186-7. Ktd rvrfxAim re— ical fi^t lc^1^.K,f And I happen to be 
undoing the bolts.,,; or, as we should say in English, 
And Just as I was undoing. For the form of the expres- 
sion, compare Phil. Z56. 

1197. i^Xcis, passive, unpitied. Cf. CEd. Tyr. 180, yiikia 
8i y4yt0?ia wpits w^ Btuwni^pa Ketrai &i^icr«s. 

1199. ivoSlay Btby, Hecate. 

1200. ipyhs tbfitvus Ktmurx^f^^t to he kindly^ditposed to 
us. Eurip. Troad. 53, hnjiv^^ hpyhs ifwlovs* 

1214. 0-a/yci, cheers, orjlatters, with hope. 

1216. apfi^y — arSfuoy, entering an opening made by putting 
away the stones at the mouth, i. e. pull away the stones, 
and enter the opening so made, ap/ihp, lit Joint. We 
must not understand apfi. \iO. of any opening by which 
Haemon had effected his entrance ; for if Creon had seen 
any trace of such entrance, he would naturally have 
uttered some exclamation of surprise, irpbs, at. Com- 
pare Phil 28, X^*P^ ^^s «i^bv r6p^ 

▼. 121&^1288-92.] ANTIGONE. 86 

1218. 0cour4 k\4wto/uu. See aboye, 681, ry XP^'^V ''** 

1219. ic€\€6irfA9fftPf dat, to explain ^{ &0. Scoiri^ov. 

1222. fip6-xv AUTc^et ffipB6pos, a moom fitiHle </ thread* qf 
Hnen, fdros, ou, a ikread rf a woqf» 

1224. r^s K^T«, 0^ Aer that was dead. Compare furouctas 
Tfjs iy6>t sup. 890. 

1232. irr^ffos wptxr^r^, with loathing in his look* 

1287. irttp04v(fi Tp(Mnrr^(r(rcTax. Cf. Trach. 767. 

1248. oIk &{tcS(reiy. Sapply rpoTt04vai from the following 

1258. fivrjfia, i.e. the body of Hsemon. 

1268. iiwt\^s, sc rod filov, Cf. in£ 1814. 

1273. fi4ya fidpos fi* txwf hrtutr^. The constmction is 
tx^^ f^^y* ^^s ivcua4 juc. fidpot tx^^ = fiapiimv, 

1274. ieyptais 6Zo7st sams modis. 

127 5» XaxtrdrrfTov, trampled wader foot; for Siffr^ yiyytoBai 

1278. The construction is : tloucasfJKttv r& fily rdBt vpb xci- 
p&v ^p»v, rk tk [ioucas fiicctv ical rdjC ^wOtu iy 8<^ 
liots KOicd], 

1282. vofifA'firup. ^ icar& iniyra fii^p. SchoL She proved 
herself in death as well as life his mother^ in that she 
would not suryire him. 

1288. 4vt^€ipydffu, See above, 1030. 

1288-92. The order is rtya v4ov ir^yiov ti6pov yvpoucthy 
\iyus ift^<fcci0f ai /mi hr* 6\4$p^ (sc. t/lou). 

M ANTIGONE. [▼. 1298—1845. 

1298. By a movement of the iKK^icKrifia the scene opens 
and discovers the body of Eurydice surrounded by her 

1301. 6^6$iiKros, goaded to despair* 

1303. Mtyap4us, Megareas (called by Eurip. in the Phcen. 
Menoeceus) had devoted himself to death to save his 

1307. iivTaUut, sc. irXiiy^K. Electr. 196,j9tc <roi irayxd\Kefv 
ianaia ytv6wv ^p/judJOri rrXayd, ^sch. Sept c Theb. S95, 
Buun-aiay \iytis trXayiv, 

1313. hrftricfyrrov, ic.r.A., Thou wert charged by her with 
having caused, S^e, 

1314. &ireX^aro. See above, 1268. 

1317. T<iZ* ohK, ic.r.X., this can never be taken from my guilt, 
and applied to any other man, L e. the guilt qf all this is 
mine only. 

1325. rhp oifK 5yra /aoAXov fl firiB4va, who am not (i. e. who 
have no existence) more than one who has ceased to be ; 
meaning that he was utterly undone. 

1326. ic^pSiy irapawf7s. Referring to Creou's Ayert /i* 6ti 

1327. Ppdxurra ykp. The construction is t& y^p iv iroolv 
jcojc^ fipdxiffra Kpdrnrra iart, 

1329. ipav4frw, ic.r.A. The order is ipairfyru fi6pup ifiStv 
fhraros 6 jccUa. &yw ifutl r€p/x, afi4pay. 

1345. T&v x^P^^^t prasentia ; rck B\ in futurum vero, iir\ 
depends upon cta^Xaro. 













OAY22ET2. (Ulysses.) 

XOPOS. (Chorus, of the companions of Ulysses and 

SKOnOS &s EMIIOPOS. (Scout, in guise of a mer- 

NEOIITOAEMOS. (Neoptolemus, son of Achilles.) 

4»IAOKTHTH2. (Philoctetes, son of Poeas.) 

HPAKAH2. (Hercules.) 


This play takes us back to the time of the Trojan war, 
and, like the " Ajax/' it is founded upon the misfortunes of 
one of the heroes of that enterprize. 

Philoctetes, the son of Poeas, had been the friend and 
companion of Herculesi and at the death of that hero had 
recelTed from him his bow and arrows, which had been 
steeped in the blood of the Hydra. It was this gift, as some 
say, which was the cause of his sufferings. On the break- 
ing out of the Trojan war, Philoctetes, who had been one 
of the suitors of Helen, was summoned to join the Greek 
army. On his way to Troy, he accidentally received a 
hurt in the foot from one of the arrows. The wound be- 
came ulcerated, and the cries of Philoctetes, together with 
the offensiveiiess of the wound, so disheartened the whole 
army, that the chiefs, on the suggestion of Ulysses, re- 
solved to put him ashore at Lemnos, and leave him to 
his fate. 

Another account (which Sophocles has followed) says 
that the wound was caused by a serpent, which bit him, 
as he was in search of an altar, in the island of Chrysa, 
(note v. 196). 


After ten years of ineffectual efforts to take Troy, the 
Greeks were told that they could never succeed without 
the arrows of Hercules. 

Ulysses and Neoptolemus were therefore dispatched in 
quest of Philoctetes, with directions to hring him back to 
the army. With their arrival at Lemnos the argument of 
the play begins. 

Neoptolemus, counselled by Ulysses, makes himself 
known to Philoctetes, and pretends that he is on his way 
home from Troy, disgusted by certain wrongs and insulta 
which he says he has received from the Greek chiefs. By. 
this means he wins the confidence of Philoctetes, and gets 
possession of the bow aud arrows. The plot is well-nigh 
accomplished, when Neoptolemus is struck with remorse, 
reveals the design, and in spite of Ulysses, who at this 
moment comes up, restores the bow to Philoctetes. 

Neoptolemus now tries to pertuade Philoctetes to ac« 
company him to Troy, but in vain, and the play has 
reached its dignus vindice nodfu, when the god Hercules 
descends, and overcomes the scruples of Philoctetes. 


Scene I. (1 — ^50.) Scene — Lemnos, a rocky coast. 

Enter Ulysses, Neoptolemus, and an attendant. Ulysses 
relates how some years before he had left on this island the 
son of Pceas. Somewhere near that very spot the cavern 
should be ; he bids Neoptolemus look for it, — who, going 
forward a little, descries it, and looking cautiously in, dis- 
covers signs enough to convince him that it is the habita- 
tion of him they are in quest of. 

(54—134.) Ulysses now unfolds his plan. Neoptolemus 
must seek Philoctetes, win his confidence, and get pos- 
session of the famous bow and arrows, without which Troy 
can never fall. Neoptolemus is at first unwilling to deal 
so treacherously, but at last yields to the arguments ot 
Ulysses, who, after concerting means of communication 
with him, retires, leaving on the stage Neoptolemus and 
the Chorus. 

(135—219.) After a while, pitying the misery of Phi- 
loctetes, they advance towards the cave. Suddenly the 
Chorus is startled by a voice as of some one in pain, and 
presently — 

Scene II. (220—316.) Philoctetes appears. After hav- 
ing greeted the strangers, and inquired their business, 
he relates his own history: how he had been left upon the 
island; how he had supported life, often hoping to be 
released by strangers who came to the coast, but as often 


disappointed. He ends with an imprecation on the Atridse 
for their cruelty. 

(320 — 390.) After Philoctetes, Neoptolemus relates his 
pretended grievance, — the wrong which he had suffered 
from the Greeks, especially the Atrids and Ulysses, in 
heing deprived of his father's armour. 

(403 — 537.) Philoctetes and Neoptolemus, having thus 
found a reason for friendship in hatred to their common 
enemies, converse awhile ahout various chieftains, whom 
Philoctetes asks ahout in the Greek army. At last Neop- 
tolemus moves, as if to proceed on his voyage. Philoc- 
tetes begs to he taken with him. The Chorus seconds his 
request, and Neoptolemus assents. Philoctetes expresses 
his gratitude, and prepares to take leave of the cavern 
which has sheltered him so long. 

The Chorus announces the approac^h of two strangers. 

Scene 111.(542—675.) Enter one in the dress of a mer« 
chant, conducted by one of the crew of Neoptolemus. 

The merchant tells Neoptolemus that the chiefs before 
Troy have sent two expeditions, — one in pursuit of him, and 
the other, commanded by Ulysses, in quest of Philoctetes^ 
Philoctetes hearing this, urges Neoptolemus to get the 
start of their pursuers, and sail away. He himself needs 
but to get from the cave some assuaging herbs, and see that 
he has left none of his arrows behind, and he will be ready 
to depart. Neoptolemus expressing a wish to examine and 
handle the arrows, Philoctetes, suspecting no treachery, 
puts them into his hands ; and then, supported by him, 
into the cave (675 — 730.) 


The Chorus compassionBtes the undeserved sufferings of 
Philoctetes, and rejoices that now, having met with a gene* 
rous friend, he will return to his home, and he in peace. 

ScBNE IV. (780 — 827.) Re-enter Neoptolemus and Phi- 
loctetes, from the cave. Suddenly Philoctetes feels the 
symptoms of his agony recurring, and tries to conceal it, 
hut is at last overcome. He commits his how and arrows 
to Neoptolemus, imploring him not to forsake him, nor to 
give them to any other, and at last, exhausted hy pain, 
falls asleep. 

(828 — 864.) The Chorus, invoking a continuance of 
sleep upon Philoctetes, urges Neoptolemus to seize the 
opportunity and get on hoard. He answers, that it is 
necessary for their success that Philoctetes should accom- 
pany theuL 

(865—1080.) Their talk is interrupted hy signs of Phi. 
loctetes awaking. His gratitude to Neoptolemus for not 
leaving him, — declares himself now ready to go. Neop- 
tolemus hegins to he struck with scruples at the deceit he 
has heen practising, hesitates, and then reveals all to Phi- 
loctetes, who at first uphraiding him, then hegs him to 
restore to him the how and arrows, and leave him alone, as 
he had found him. Neoptolemus, ahout to yield to pity, is 
stopped hy the coming up of Ulysses, who, after some 
Altercation, hids his attendants hind Philoctetes, and take 
him on hoard ; hut Philoctetes imprecates such ourses, that 
Ulysses is constrained to leave him. 

Philoctetes now appeals again to Neoptolemus, who, 
hoping that he may yet he induced voluntarily to accom- 


pany them to Troy» agrees to let the Chorus stay with him 
until the ship is ready to sail. (Exeunt Ulysses and 
Neoptolemus, leaving Philoctetes and the Chorus.) 

' Scene V. ( 1081 — 1220.) Philoctetes, addressing the cayes 
and rocks, hewails that he has now no hopes of deliverance, 
and no means of procuring himself food, curses the de- 
signer of the plot against him (1112), whom he sees in 
fancy exulting in its success (1128), calls upon the hirds 
and beasts to come and glut themselves upon him now 
defenceless (1155), and begs for a sword that he may 
destroy himself (1205). The Chorus, partly rebuking, 
partly entreating, tries in vain to induce him to relent 
At last, two persons are seen approaching, (Philoctetes 
goes into the cave,) and presently — 

Scene VI. (1220.) Enter Neoptolemus, followed by Ulys- 
ses, in altercation with him. Neoptolemus declares his 
intention to make amends to Philoctetes for his treachery, 
and give him back his bow and arrows ; which, after find- 
ing Philoctetes inexorable in his resolution not to go to 
Troy, he does, in spite of the protestations of Ulysses. 
Yielding to the prayers of Philoctetes, Neoptolemus now 
consents fiirther to fulfil the promise, which he had before 
made in deceit, of conveying him away to his home, and is 
only prevented by the interference of Hercules, who 

Scene VII. (1410.) descends, and bids Philoctetes go to 
Troy, and fiilfll the destiny which awaits him there. 

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ttirdpricrov &s rdx^'Ora' ptj ^^^Vj? /3iov. 

iff, & ncu, 750 

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aipoppay^s ^Xf^. aXX* cdcro^ptv, <f>ikoi, 825 

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Sppaai ^ dvri<r\ois 830 

rdvb aiyXcuf, a rfTarcu ravvv. 

id* t0i poi jrairifov, 

£ TtKpoPf Spa TTOV arrdaei, 

vol de ^ca-fif nSis dc pot rdirfvBev 

(^povTibos, 6pas ^brj, 835 

npos ri ptvoptv irpdweiv ; 

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32 Z0«OKAE0Y2 

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aXX* a>r fitBrio'iav fi^woB*, 2)^* 6pa ndiKiv. 935 

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Saovs voir^aas ml du^eXBitp vojfovs 


aBavarov dpeTrjv €(r\ov, ©f irdpecB* opav, 1420 
Kal cot, ca^* Xa6i, tovt o^ciXerai TtaBtiv, 
€K T&p ir6vtav ravb* evicked OtaBai, ^iov, 
tXBoiv dc aifv r^d* dvdpi nphs t6 TpaiKOP 
TToXicr/ia irpmrov fuv poaov navtrti \vypai, 
dperg T€ nparos iKKpiBeis orpaTevfiaTOs, 1425 

UdplV fl€V, ts T&V^ aiTlOS KaK&P €<f>Vf 

To^oKTi Tois f/ioici voai^iels ^ioVf 
trtpa-eis T€ Tpoiav, a-Kv\d t €S fieXaBpa era 
7r€fi'^€Ls, dpiarreV eicka^wv cTpaTcvfiaTos, 
UoiavTi warpl npos irdrpas Oti-qs TrXdica. 1430 
A 8* itv XdjSi/s av a-KvXa rovbe rod arparov, 
. rd^oav ifi&v fijnjfieui npos nvpav ifi^v 
K6fii(€, Koi <rol ravT, 'Ap^tXXc'cos t€kpov, 
frap]jv€(r' oiSre yh.p <rv tov^ artp aB£if€is 
ikeip TO Tpoias irebiov oxjB* oZtos atBcv 1435 

aXX* as \iovTc avw6ii(£> <f}v\d<ra€Tov 
otros ere Kal <7v roj'd'. eye!) d* *A(rK\iprt6v 
TravaTrjpa Trc/i^^o) ar^s v6aov trpos^lXiov* 
TO devTcpov yap toIs €/iots avrqv ;^p€Oi)v 
To^ois dLkwvai, TovTO 6* €VPO€l(rB*, Stop 1440 

fropB^T€ yalap, eixrc^tip to npbs Btovs' 
o>ff TSXka ndpra BevTtp* ^yelrcu iraTr^p 
Zcv9. fi yap cv(re]36ca aiJpBprja-Kei /Sporotff. 
[k^ (Sxn kBp Bdv<oa-ip, ovk aTroXXvrai.J 

^I. & ^BiypxL TToBeiPop c/xot ntfiyfras, 1445 

Xpopids T€ <l>ap€\s, 
OVK diriBrja'a tois (rols fivBois* 

NE. Kdyia yvo>fii] TavTjj TiBefxat, 

HP. fifi pvp xpdvioi fteXXcTC irpdatrtip, 

Kaip6s KcLi irKovs 145c 


od* cVciyn yap Kara irpvfiprjv, 

X<^V» ^ flJ^aBpOV $Vfl<f>pOVpOV €fJLOl, 

Koi KTVTTos cipoTju 7r6vTov vpo^oXtjs, ^4SS 

oZ TToWaKi br] Tovfwy eTtyx^riV 
Kpar ivbofivxov TrXiyyaio-i votov, 
froWh be <Pa>injs rrjs ^fitrtpas 
'Epixaiov 6pos wap^Trepyjrfv €/iot 
OTovov avrirvnov ;(et/ia^o/iei^. 1460 

vvp d , & XPV^^'' ^"^f^f-ov T€ froriv, 
Xfiwop.cp vpas, XciVo/jici/, ovd^ 
dS^rjs iroT€ T^crd* fwi^avrts* 
X^'P* ^ Aripvov TTfdov aptf}Lakov, 
Kai fi ciWXoia ntpylrop dpJpTFTos, 14^5 

€vB* ^ peyaKrj Mo^a Kopi(€^, 
yvaprj t€ </>iX(oi/, x^ iravliapdTcop 
balptov, hi ravT fir€Kpau€v, 
XO. x^P^H'^** ^V iFOPT€S aoXXctff, 

Nv/i(^a(ff dXicucrtv tirrv^dpiyoi x4^o 

fc$OTOv (Tior^pap iKtaBai, 



3. rarphs. There is no need of a prep. The source from 
which anything is derived or takes place is properly in 
the genitive. Words w. 130, ohs. 

4. NcoiTTtJXcfic. To be pronounced as a quadrisyllable, as 
ywXx^a is often to be pronounced as voXaioi. See again 
inf. 241 ; not so in Eur. Orest. 1655, Ncon-T(iAefu>9 ya/Atip 
viv, oif y<ifi€i rtoTM, 

Mf^XtS, ace. fr. Vli\\itls, gen. MfjXiws, dat. Mt^Xic?, ace. 
MifXiA} pi. cTs — av — evert — as. See J. G. G. 97, obs. 8. 
Malis (MfiXb 7^) is a small district south of Thessaly, 
opposite the north-west point of Euboea : its inhabitants 
were Dorians. 

6, Hoiavros vlhv, Philoctetes is called Poeantiades by Ovid, 

Met.xiii. 313. 

4i4eriK\ Cf. Horn. II. B. 721 : 

&\\* 6 fi^v iv v^atp KttTo Kparip* &\7ca ircC(rx<>>v 
iatifivfp iv iiyad4jif BOi fiiv Kiirov vUs *Axaio»y 
IAkci fioxtf^^o'^n KOK^ 6\o6<ftpoyos HSpov, 


2 PHTLOCTETES. [v. 7—35. 

7« 9ia06p<ip, accent on penult, act 9id$opop, pass., accent 
on antepenult, occurs Trach. 676. 

9. iiefihois. The same idiom is found in Latin. Comp. Sail. 
Jug., " Uti militibus ezsquatus cum iuiperatore labos 
volentibus esset." 

10. KartTxty filled, occupied, Cf. Horn. II. xvi. 79, ol 8* 
ii\a\riT(p jray frtiiov Kar4^ov<ru Eur. Ale. 344. 

16. ivravBat hereabout, JilffTOfxos wirpa. Compare inf. 159, 
oIkov ifuplBupov wrrpiyris KohriSt and 952, ffK^fia xirpas 

17, 18. ijXiov 9i7r\ri MJuctiffUy i. e. the cave opened east 
and west, and so received both the morning and afternoon 
sun. Hence called Qtpyhv Ka\ irayrruhtSt in£ 1082. 

22. Ix*'» dwells, continues. The subject is Philoctetes. 
Lin w. H erm. and Wund. punctuate differently, and take 
& as the nom. to Ifp^ci. 

26. rot}pyo¥ ob ficutphy, Cf. ^sch. Ag. 16 /JO, roffpyov ovx 
^Kks r^Jie. 

29. T^Sc, here ; he points, as he speaks, to the place. 

80. Zpa fi^ — Kvp^, see lest he be, or, see (hat he be not,^m 
enjoining caution. Cf. £1. 581. Bpa ft^ Kvpf7, see whether 
or no he is, — simply implying inquiry. Compare Antig. 

81. Ktu^v — kvBodtvwv ZlxBk, Compare Antig. 445, and 
Ajax, 464. 

82. olKOTroUt Too^, household furniture, 
85> a{n6^v\oy, all qfwood. 

V. S6— 63.] PHILOCTETES. 8 

86. wvpeTo, igniaria ; pieces of wood for lighting fire by 
rubbing one against another. 

88. Kol Totrra 7* &AAa BiXiterai pdini, and these rags besides 

43. M <l>opfiris v6aroVt in quest of food. v6<rros, via, 

44. ^ 4>^AAoi/. The constmction is, J) (M ^i\Kw) cl kJlT" 
oiZi XL <P^J<k6v wov, 

48. fyx^Toi, he is gone. Compare 1181, pi,^ ll\9ys. 

49. ^€vr4p(f \6y<ft next, 

53. its iwrfpims irdp€u Since thou art here to help me. 

65, <re 8ft Ihrtot — iKKXir^ftis. Compare Aj. 566^ 8«? a* Birus 
— 9ei^€U K,r.K. The constructions of 8«i are as follow : 
(1), Set woifty, (2), Set <rf iroitty, (3), Set crot irot«?y, 
very rarely ; (4), Set <ro( rufos, more rarely Se? <re rivos, 
(6)f Set (re Siro>s irot^(reis. The last is sometimes ex^ 
plained by supposing an ellipse of ffKotretv, (J. G. G. 
812, 2,) or some such equivalent word, as is supplied in 
877, and in £sch. Prom. V. 86, (Tc Set Xlpofinedcos 
Sry rp6ir(p — iKKv\ur0^(rti, 

61. fiSpTiy ix^vrts rfiyV &\»<rtif 'U(ov, having this only 
means of taking Ilium, riiyBt, i.e. rh oi 4\euy c» "iKioy, 
Schol. SiKoio-iVt means of taking, — one of the proper 
meanings of this form of noun. So Elect 142, &v(£av. 
ffis, means of doing away. Antig. 361, <l>ev^ip, Eur. Med. 
279, iK^affis, 

62-8. oiiK if^iwray k.t.\. There is a confusion here of two 
constructions: (1), odw if^(o»<rdy <rt r&y 'Ax* ^X. and 
(2), oifK ^{. Sovvai [ri 'Ax- &rA. (roi] M6pTt, 

4 PHILOCTETES. [▼. 73—104. 

78. olfrt rod vp^ov crT6\ov, i. e. oUrt &v rod vp^ou trr6' 
\ou, or rod vp^, irr6\, may be no more than a genUums 
temporis. Wordsw. 131, 1. 

75. r6^9fy iyxpariis, having his bow within his reach, 

77. 8c7 — Zwwt. See above, note 55. 

81. Kr^fM, Tbere ia a difficulty in ibis line arising from 
the omission of the article. Wunder would explain it 
by taking jcr^fia \ai3ci> together, (see examples cited by 
him,) as = tcraadaif and making ^8v alone the predi- 
cate. Herm. makes ^^ kt^/ul together the predicate, 
and supplies the subject rh KTjjfia from it, — ^in this order : 
[t^ kt^/jm] r^s Wmys [lirrt] ^h jct^aui Ao^ijr. Herm.'a 
way is best 

87. Aacprfou. Two forms are found, Aa^prtos, and Ao^pnis, 
in! 366. 

88. Upw — wpdatr^uf. C£ v. 80, Tt^wcSra — ^MycTr. See 
J. O. G. 668. 

92. roo'o^Sc, many at we are s opposed to i^ Ms woS6st 

99. T^y yXMrcror — wdiftt ^yovfiirtip. SiajSoWei rohs icotf* 
iavrhp P/ffTopas i wotifr^s in 8i^ yKAatnis wdirra icorop- 
Bowras. SchoL 

100. rl olv. This is one of the very few cases of hiatus^ 
admissible' in tragedy, and even this is questioned by 
Pors., Phoen. 892. It is defended by Herm. See J. 
G. G. 16, 3. 

102. 4p S^Xy. Cf. sup. 60, ip XiTOif. 

104. otrms ^x** t' icr.A., lit., ha$ he to tinmg a confidence 

▼. 106—188.] PHILOCTETES. 5 

of ttrengthf i. e. has he such strength that he is so con- 
fident? lax^i BpAffos must be taken closely together, 
and the former, in the sense, is the principal word. 

106. ohK ip* iKtly(p y\ K,r,\, ; Dare not one then even come 
near him ? 

110. ir«j oZv pKtircoy, Take $\4ir<op closely with was. 
With whatfaeey ^c, 

111. ixycTPf to be scrupulous. 

127. KaToaxo^d^fiv rod ypSvov t«, to tarry somewhat too 
long, rov xpov, depends upon KaratrxoXdteiy, 

138. rtxva yhp—Koi yvdifia vap' gry. The construction is : 
riya koX 71/(6^0 liKtivov] irap' &r(p, &c TpoCxti r^x^as 

142. T^, wherefore. 

147. Twi^y iK fit\depuv. Herm. takes these words with 
m-rns, and not with fuJXj;, qui ex hoc antro abiit, 

151. <l>povpt?u ififia, to be watchful. 

166. fffiyytphy, poet, for /ioytphy, with labour. 

167. oM Tii^ a{n^ K.T.\., and cannot find for himself any 
healer of his woes. If aln^ be read, we must render, and 
no one brings to him, ^c. 

170. ii-ti rov iaiZou4vov. Genitive absolute. Without any 
mortal to care for him. 
triyrpo<f>oyy familiar, friendly, usual. In£ 202. 

181. oifHtyhs, ac.iwBp6s, 

188. The order is: & y &$. 4^^ M wtKpas ol/iwyas ax€?rai 
Tfi\t<l>ayris. ix- 'ni\€<t>., is borne to a distance. 

« PHILOCTETES. [v. 196— 24(K 

196. Xp6afif, The ttoiy it tbat Philoctetes was bitten by 
a snake while shewing to the Greeks the altar of Aihena 
Chrysa, in the island called by her name, on which they 
had landed, on their way to Troy, for the purpose of 
sacrificing, in compliance with the direction of an oracle. 
See below, 1827. 

197. Zlx^ mfi^fUvttp, away from any to care for kinu 
206. ffrifiov tear* iufdyicaif, toith forced and toiUng iiep, 

215. &w* iufdyKas, to be taken with fio^ : pra dohre vocife* 
ratur, rJiKmwhp, like njXc^cu^f, sup. 189. 

217. 1^ vahs K,r,\,y or beholding a strange vessel at anchor, 
A^tpoVf see v. 302 ; lit inhospitable, meaning that vessels 
seldom put in thither. 

223. ri^x^'M* ^^ tlirdv, tf what country — shall / be right in 
saying that you are? rvyx^fttt'i li^l to hit the mark; 
hence, to be right; and so joined with the participle of 
another verb, especially in interrogations, it may be ren- 
dered by an adverb, well, rightly, as here. W under 
remarks (Ajaz, 154,) that hfxaprdim in the opposite sig- 
nification is constructed very similarly. 

234. 0(v rh Kot \a$tip. ^cv, an exclamation of wonder 
and delight : Oh I that I should have heard, 4*0. 

236. rit, to be taken with XP*^ °ot with iu^p, 

239. y4pos, acousatiTe. 

240. Sic^pou. Neoptolemus was born in Scyros, in which 
island his father Achilles had concealed himself, lest ha 
should be compelled to take part in the Trojan war. 

V. 244—264.] PHILOCTETES. 7 

The mother of Neoptolemus was Deidamia, daughter of 

244, rivt ar6\^, oh what mission, npoffcarxfs. This word 
is variously constructed :— with ace. and dat, vpoffix^iv 
T», or Tivd. rivi: with ace. and prep., is tV ^dfiov, Hdt. ; 
with ace. of place, as in the present instance ; and with 
dat. of place, vpoa, rp 7^, Hdt. 

247. ToC — €rr6\ov. See above, 73. 

248. /u€T€Vxes — ir6yov. See Wordsw. 132, obs. 1. 

250. ir&s yap Kdroin*. Cf. Electr. 923, ir«s 8' ovk iy&> 
hdroiB' & 7' eVioi' ifjupay&s ; 

252. hiotWlyLfiv, Preserve the meaning of the imperf. : 
Began to be undone; which were the beginning of my 

255. oh £8' lf;(oi^ros, of whose state. 

256. *£XA(£Sos 7^y im^atioZ The genitives depend upon 
the adverb. Wordsw. 172. 

258. (rt7* Hx^vTfs. "Wordsw. 171. 

264. K€<pd?oJiPw Bti^c^, Ulysses, who is addressed as & 
^4ve K€<l>a\\hv, inf. 791. Cf. Horn. II. ii. 631, ain^ 
'Otiva-aths ^71 KsipaWrivas fitya9vfju)VSf where among the 
Cephallenians are included the inhabitants of the neigh- 
bouring islands, Zacynthus, Leucas, &c., and even of the 
coasts of Acamania. From tbe piratical character of 
these islanders, Buttm. supposes that something of bitter- 
ness is meant to be conveyed in the appellation, K€(p, 
&ya^, and & {cVe Ke^. 

8 PHILOCTETES. [v. 268—295. 

268. ab¥ ft 80. y6<r^» For vbw, compare ▼. 1022, ai/v 
«aiv«7t iroXAoTs. 

270. Koer4irxov Iwpo, See above, 221, is yiiv r^ySc — 

271. in voWov ad\ov may be understood either of the 
tossing of a long voyage, (Lidd. and Scott,) or of the 
violence qfpain caused by the wound, (Wund«, who refers 
to (Ed. Tyr. 24, and Antig. 168.) 

275. oV alrrois ri)(ot, lit, things such as I pray may hrfaU 
them. Compare vss. 315-6. Herm. calls this frigid, and 
translates by quale forte iis suppeteret ; but ' irely this ia 
much more frigid. 

281-2. v6<rov Kd/Avotni vvTiXdfioiro, v6ffov depends upon 
ervWdfioiTO, Eur. Med. 946. Wordsw. 132, obs. 1. 
KduyovTi, dat. of pers. after avW^oiro, 

288. irA^v hytwrBat, except pain and grief. See Hor. ii. Sat. 
V. 69, '* Invenietque nil sibi legatum prister plorare 

284. ro^ov, sc. rod iuftwrdtu, 

289 — 292. itphs 8i to08* jct.A., Jnd to this, whatsoever my 
arrow drawn back with the string hit, to this I say, I, 
dragging my maimed foot, would [i. e. used to] wriggle 
myself forward, 

0d\ot after a relative, and witbout &v. See Wordaw. § 
157. &v — el\\f6fiiiy &v, with imperf indie. See Wordsw. 
§ 167, obs. 3. 

aMs, I myse^; — he had no attendant or dog to fetch it 
for him. 

"^5. c7ra irvp &y oh irapi}v. Compare Eur. Phcen. 401, 
rori fi\¥ 4w' lifAop cTxoy, c7r* o^k etx^v Hy, 

V. SOO— 392.] PHILOCTETES. . 9 

300. <l>4p€^fjid0jis. See J. G. G. 416, 1. 

305. dtrx^t appulit = irpoaeax^^f ▼• 244. rdSt, sc. iuco^cria, 
understood from &K<»if, 

309. vpo(r4Boffay, irphs, ie. besides their compassionate 

312. Irof T<^*. Wordsw. $ 141, a. 

313. &Si}^7oy, devouring [aJ^v — ^ayfiy"]. 

320. vwrvx^v JStvUptcv, cvvrvx^v = rvx^v* It is found 
' again with a gen. (Ed. Col. 1482. 

344. rpo^hs rohyMv varpibs. Phoenix. 

349. o6 TToKhv — fi* iir4<Tx^Vi '''*y ^id not detain me longt i e. 
they incited me. ** Figura asitatissima Graecis est, ut 
negent id, cujus intelligi contrarium Tolunt.'' Herm. 

352-3. \6yos Kokhs — et aipiiffoifit the prospect of the reputO' 
Hon of taking ! — this taking was as yet only supposed, 
hence the opt. mood. See J. G. G. 802, obs. 1. 

359. tKttro, was lying dead; " paratus ad sepulturam." 

355-6. Kh.yi» — Koi, Compare Antig. 1186-7. 

369. ffxtThi€ — roXfiiia-aret sing* with pi. verb. See J. G. G. 
390, 2, 6. 

376. Zir\* — iupatpfia-oirS fit, double ace Wordsw. § 139. 

377. MdSe, to this point, or strait, 
878. 9nx9e^Sf 'ivng, 

392. noKTMKhy. Cybele, who is addressed in this chorus. 

10 PHIL0CTETE8. [v. 399—426. 

was worshipped in Lydia, and had a temple at Sardis. 
Hdt. V. 

399. vopeSISotrav. See aboTe, 64, &AA* afh* *Oivcraei vao* 

400-1. ravpoKr6vov \96vrtcv (i<l>eSp^. (i<f>^Bpe, riding on, or 
sitting on thy car draum by — . Compare Virg. Mn. iii. 
113, ''£t juneti currum domiue (sc. Cybeles) subiere 

402. ff4fias fnripraTovt not vocative, but ace. in apposi« 
tion to ti^x^^* 

409. is ri\ioSt at last, 

411. Afas 6 fifltuy, the son of Telamon. cl depends upon 

416. 6 Tvitws y6vof, Diomede is frequently associated 
with Ulysses in the Iliad, as his comrade in adventure ; 
hence the dislike of Philoctetes to him. The Schol. 
says that he had aided Ulysses in deserting Philoctetes. 

417. ovV o6fiiro\riThs ISi<r^^v Aaepr'up, Transl., Nor that 
son of Sisyphus, bargained away to Laertes, The more 
common reading is 2i(r^^ov-AacprIov, taken as if one 
word. The objection to this is, that such compounds 
are not found in tragedy. The meaning is, that Laertes 
married Anticlea when she was pregnant by Sisyphus. 

418. oh /A^ Bdywfft, they will not be dead, or, there is no 
chance of their being dead, 

423. T^ Ktltfuv KaKd, the ills arising from them, 

426. 8u* afh-MS Beli^ IXe^as, two pieces of news tJiou ?iast told 
me, alike (aSrwy) sad, of men of whose death J should 

V. 42a— 473.1 PHILOCTETES. 11 

least have wished to hear. The two are Antilochus and 

428— dO. Transl. What then is one to look fo, when men like 
these are dead, but Ulysses even here again {as ever) re- 
mains f when in place qf them he ought to be spoken of as 

434. i$rrav0af at this time, 

443. Traml. Who, on all occasions, speaking against every- 
body* s will, (iwov firfitls itfti) ^t^**^ never choose to say 
once for all {furdira^) what lie had to say, 

462. iwaumy, wishing to approve. 

466. Ihrou, the antecedent is roirovs, int 458. twov, same 
as irap' oTs, 

466. Transl. lit. For eon»enienee summons us to wait fot 
opportunity of sailings not so much /rom a distance as from 
some place near at hand ; i. e. we will go down to the sea- 
side, that we may he ready to take advantage of the first 
favourable wind. nKovv, navigandi opportuniiatem, itKow 
aKowtiy, See Eur. Hec. 901, w\ow ip&tnas Ijo'vxop, 

468. Tp6s ff€ iroTP^s. Preposition separated from its case 
by interposition of the person adjured, not uncommon 
both in Greek and Latin. Compare Eur. Ale, p,^ np6s crc 
$€&y T\ps fic wpoSovyau 

469. Tp6s T* cf rt aoi, and by everything that is dear to thee, 
irp6s el. Compare Virg. ^n. x. 903, ** Unum hoc, per, 
si qua est victis venia hostibus, oro." 

473. ip 7rap4py^ $ov /uc, make me ((f secondary concern. 

12 PHILOCTETES. [v. 492-^56. 

492. irarpl fi* &t Bti^fft ^l\^. This depends upon %Kaatc6v 
fi^ Ikywy, and ^ irphs — l(rrai is parenthetical. 

494. rois lytiivoLSt hy means qf those who have come hither, 

496. ahr6irro\oVf in person. Compare a&raTycXo 9, inf. 568. 

497* rh ray 8iaic<(y»y, for ot ZidK0¥0i, with which voto^fitvoi, 
in V. 499, agrees. Sophocles perhaps meant to have 
concluded the sentence with iforoZitv iy4vfTo, or the 
like, instead of which he suhstituted rhv o&oS* ffrci- 
7oi» 0T^Aoy. 

503. OArtpa, an euphemism for jcaic^ 

504. xph 8* iicrhs. Compare Horace, Carm. II. x. 18: 

'* Sperat infestis, meluit secundis 
Alteram sortem hene praeparatpm 

511. rh mIvw KOKhv — fi€raTi04fjLfyos, enanging their evil 
doings into gain for Philoctetes, 

520. T^f y6a'ov depends upon w\ria-dps. ^wouai^, by its 

521. abrhs rots \6yois roinois. Compare (Ed. Tyr. 557, 
Koia vvv W a{iT6s tifu r^ fiov\9^fieiru 

542. The "ZfAxopos, or trader, who now enters, is the tovto¥ 
rhy &v9pa mentioned by Ulysses in line 128. He comes 
forward in the garb of a sailor, conducted by another of 
the crew of Neoptolemus. 

552. vpoffTux^t^i r&y Ifwif, having met with such requital 
as my service deserves, 

656. Zp^fA€p^, in process (^execution. 

T. 562—619.] PHILOCTETES. IS 

562. 0% Tc %7i(ritoi K6poi, Eur. Hec. 125, rit ei}<r*^9a. 
Their names were Acamas and Demophon. 

568. avTcC77ffXo5. See above, t. ^^6, 

571. ^oTcXAoy, were preparing to set out ; imperil 

573. ^v 8^ rts — . Philoctetes was the person he was going 
to name. See 591-4. 

578. fcar^ OKiroVf adverbially. See above, 6Q6i Koff 6p- 

581. is ^»f| answering to Karh, o-kStov, above. 

590. iroioG, understand /ac tdriav, \4ywy, epeakingf i.e. 
provided you speak ; modo dicas. 

598. The construction is : rivos H^ wpdyfiaros X^*^ XP^^V 
roo'^it *Arp€t$iu $,yav othms iir9(rTp4<f>ovTo rovSc. 
TovZf. Philoctetes. 

607. 6 Trim* iucoitav icr.A., who is spoken qf with every hose 
and insulting term, 

612. ob li^f-riperoiw. oh fi^t only found if with the opt., 
in the oratio obUqua, and that rarely. See J. O. G. 748, 
obs. 2. 

613. y^arov, sSterHyounOf gen. of object from which motion 
takes place. J. O. G. 530. 

615-17-19. (nriax'fTO — otoiro — ^c7to. Notice these moods. 
iwio'x^Oi indie, in oratio recta, as the simple narration 
of the tfiTopos* oiotTo and B4\oif opt. in oratio obliqua, 
because the narrator speaks as from the person of Ulysses. 
In i<l>tiro, indie, the narrative is resumed by the (fiwopos 
in his own words. 

U PHILOCTETES. [▼. 619--68a 

019. ftArmf f^ 'rv%dnr^ if he did not tueeeed in this, 

024. 9€ur0ii4rofuu ykp SSt, wk§ thus (i. e. if be can peranade 
me to return with him,) / thait he persuaded to return to 
l^fe qfter I am dead ; or, / shall ae soon be persuaded to 
return, SfC, 

625. &(rx§p SImIvov irarfip, Sisyphni, who obtained leave 
from Pluto to return to earth for the purpose of avenging 
bimtelf on bit wife Merope, who, at hie own desire, had 
left his funeral rites unperformed. Having regained the 
earth, he took care not to keep his promise of returning 
to Hades immediately ; for which breach of faith he was 
afterwards doomed to puuishment* 

680. veitSt L e. M y§in, 

698. liyaytVf brings ; is wont to bring, 

639. frytvfAa robx itp^pas, th$ head'Wind which is now 
against us, 

642. ravraf so. t& iie irptfpat rev^litwra, 

647. Koiirtp ob ToKK&v ftiro. The meaning is, though I 
have not many to choose from, 

648. 8 M^ phot ye r^r 4tirit %vi ; Herm. explains this by 
supplying \afietv from Xa&itVt sup. 645 : What is this 
which you cannot get {h u^ tvi Xofitiv) from my shipt 
Others more simply make the gen. directly depend upon 
tykf — What is this which is not on board my ship? 

650. Tpatysiy may be either transitive, to soothe; or neut, 
to become quiet, 

680. ^* AfiirvKa dpofidda, on a whirling wheel ft/fMrv|, 

T. 68*— 698.] Pff IL0CTETE3. 15 

[deriv. A/iircxw] properly, a fillet for binding the hair; 
hence, anything round, — a wheel, 

684. ts oih* $p^as rit^ o9t€ voa-tpl<ras^ who, having neither 
done any one any harm, nor defrauded any one, $p^as is 
used in a bad sense. The full construction is : tp^as rivd 
ri, voffiplfeiv, [i'J(r<^t] properly, to deprive, is also con- 
structed with a double ace, rivd ti : or ace. and gen. 
Eur. Ale. 44, ical vo<r<l>i€is /uc rovUe Zcvrtpov vficpoS : cf. 
inf. 1427, (see Wordsw. 132, g); or with ace. alone: 
^sch. Euni. 211, rt yhp yvvaiKhs ^is SvSpa voanplorp. 

690. Karitrx^t^i sustained, supported, 

691. tv* airrhf ^v icp6(Tovpos, If the reading be correct, it 
must be rendered, where he was his own only neighbour. 
But Dind. now adopts iFp6irovpov, ace. agreeing with 
pda-iv, with the meaning of which, compare v. 171| 
/ii^Sh <r^vTpoipov 6fxfj.* ix^^- 

692. KOKoytirova, a neighbour to his misery, 

695. irap* ^ <rr6vov kvriTxnrov fiapvfipiir* ii,iroK\a6<r€i€y at' 
fxary)p6v. There is probably some word (Herm. suggests 
K^^jMTov) lost. Supplying this, the construction would 
be Trap* ^ erSvov kmirinrov (cogn. ace.) &vo«r^a^0-€icv 
Kofiarop fiapvfip&ra alfAarripSy. i,iroK\a{>atity, opt. on 
account of the imperf. Hv, in v. 691. 

696. alfxdZa, flow or gush of blood, aifihs, from af/uo, with 
fern. ampUficative termination. Wordsw. 102, b, 

697. iv9i\pov, loathsome, or poisoned. The Schol. interprets 
it by 6T)poZ4\KTov, 

698. KartvvdffHtv, from Kartwdw, not from «raTcui^(«. 

16 PHILOCTETES. [v. 699—730. 

699. cT Ti ifix4<roi — lAety, should any fall in hit way that he 
might pluck it from the nourishing earth, ri sc. ^^^- 
Aoy. Wunder has rwa, sc ^^XAo. Herm. reads rts, 
sc. alfjMS. Linw. makes the passage very simple, in the 
following order : ovS* hs Kortwdau^p aifidJBa — d ru ifi- 
vecoi — riwlourt ^i^AAovs — cAi^y (aurik) ix ^pfidSos yaias. 

701. tlffTf yhp K.r,\. Take tuf with flpwe. Transl. JPoroi 
such times as (t<^tc aylKo) his soul-piercing torture sub' 
sided, he would creep sometimes to one place, sometimes to 
another, whence he might find it easy to move about, crawl' 
ing along, like a child without its nurse, ebfidptta TcSpov, 
i. e. where the ground was plain and easy. 

706. HxXanf, depends upon cXpwf. Wordsw. 182, obs. 2. 

718. irpofftp^fia, approached it (L. and S.) ; others reader, 
applied it to his lips. 

720. Ma-et, he will end his l\fe, 4k Mimcv, sc. t&p kokw* 

727. i x^^<>'<^<f ^P' Hercules. wXotfci, present for a 
past tense, vaoriy. It was the greater honour that Her- 
cules was admitted to the company of all the gods. 

730, &c. *< Philoctetes, feeling the symptoms of his dis- 
temper approaching, endeavours as much as possible to 
conceal his anguish, being apprehensiTS that his cries 
and groans might induce Neoptolemus, in spite of his 
promise, to leave him behind ; he makes light of it, there- 
fore, till quite overpowered by continual torture, he ac- 
knowledges himself at last unable to stir. This circum- 
stance is thrown in with great art by the poet, to stop the 
effect of Ulysses' stratagem, which was just on the point 
of execution, and which, if it had succeeded, must of 
coarse have put an end to the drama. This accident 

V. 785—800.] PHILOCTETES. 17 

intervening gives a new turn to the whole ; serves to in- 
troduce the remorse and repentance of Neoptolemus, 
gives Ulysses an opportunity of appearing, and brings 
about the catastrophe." Francklin. 

735. Kov<l>l^(iPy intransitive. 

752. Ivyiiy, shrieking, [fr. Ii5f», Th. lo6, W]. 
755. ToMffoyfia, burden, [^(rdrra,'] 

758. athji, sc. ii vStroi, understood from yoariifiaTos. There 
is great difficulty in this verse ; on the whole, perhaps, 
the following interpretation is the most simple : For it 
comes bctck upon me at intervafs, irregularly and uncer- 
tainltfy just as it is satiated and leaves me ; i. e. its coming 
is as uncertain as its going. The sense is the same as in 
vs. 808. f{ic€t retains its proper meaning, — adesse solet. 
Usually v\d,vois is made to depend upon i^ffrXiiadri, 

760. 5(& 'tr6ywv rrdvrwv, for irSvois vaai. Ellendt. Linw. 
renders, cujus labores omnium aliorum labores superant, 

771. ^Kovra fi'fir' &KOPra, i. e. fiifTt tKovra ixSyi^ iuc. The 
first neg. is sometimes omitted. See Herod. ' iv. 28, 
^/ilovoi Hh obHh $voi itvdxoyrai ttjv i^pxh^t for obZh ^- 
filovoi, &c. 

776. irpSffKvffoP, propitiate, 

782. fi\ for fMOi ; hut the elision of the diphthong is very 
questionable. It is more likely that the line is defective. 

789. ^xeT6 T^ irpayfia, ye Ste how the matter is, 

800. Avfivitfi wpl, Lemnos was a volcanic island. itvatcaX., 


1« PHILOCTETES. [v. 818—852. 

818. cf Ti 8^ TrXtor ^porutt V <Aoh ari mow any more thy- 
self at aU, 

827. hZipos ib^hi' See Wordsw. 132,/ obs.; inf. 847. 

828. thatihs, toc. (a), [deriv. ed — ay^dyu'] c(ra^f (a), is the 
coinmoii leading, ivhich is from cd and iritii : with gentle 

880. i^rltrxois, praUtUam teneae* 

831. oi^Aai^i Hght, See Lidd. and Scott Dind., Wund., 
and others explain it to be, "Caliginem offusam oculit 
Philocteta dormientis." 

884. The construction is, r»s 94 /xot ^^rr/Sot rh irrtv^ 
$€P. Supply ftrrac cot, w&s governs ^potrriios. The 
meaoing is. How thail I provide for what i$ to follow? 

635. Sfy^sijifi, — ^pointing to Philoctetes, who is sleepiiigi 

838. iroAv wapk v^a Kpdros fymrrat, wint at once gre^ 
tfivtory. vapk T<^8a, ttatim. 

842. Ko/iirfty IC.T.X., And to bo€ut of an enterprize accom* 
plished but hyaerfectly, and with the help <f falsehood, is a 
foul disgrace. 

847. &s irdirray K.T,?i. trdyrotv, neut, governed by cb^pa- 
K^s. See Wordsw. 132, /, obs. ; and sup. 827. The 
constr. is, &s iv v6o^ fhrpos ADvpos ^b^poK^s l^iarl'] 
wdfTwy [6<rrf J Ktio'O'tip [ovrji]. 

849. 3^vf, a contracted form for ii&vatrai — aai — qi. See 
Wordsw. 73, obs. 1. 

862. oToOa ykp bv abb&fiai tl raj&TOM ro'ln^ ic.r.A. Transl., 
Thou knowest whom I mean, \f thou art cf the same mind 

▼. 86&~W8.] PHILOCTETES. 19 

with him, (i.e. Philoctetes, to take him away with thee,) 
there are in sooth very perplexing troubles in prospect, 
which the shrewd may see in it, i. e. in your conduct. 
o7(r0* hv ahUa/iai, The Chorus does not mention his na<ne, 
lest he should catch the sound, and awake. 
yap. The strict order is, cl yap raJnav roitr^ (oT<r9a %^ 
aiiZwyiai) yy^fitw lo'x^is, 

862. fi\4x* fl Koipia ^$4yy€t, consider whether you speak 
expediently, L e. wlien you say that you mean to wait for 

863-5. The meaning is, — As far as I can apprehend, that 
• toil which affrights not is best If expressed fully, the 

sentence would be rh 8^ a\<&<nfioy 4fi§ (ppoprth ri^^4irri, 

7r6vos 6 fi^ 4>oQSiv iarX KpdTurros, Herm. 

867. rh T* iKtrlHofU &rt<rroy oUq^fia rwy9e r&y ^ivtstf^ 
lit, and guardianship of these strangers, in whom my 
hopes trusted not* olxoOpTifxa ^4vwy is for ^4yoi oikov' 

875. iy ehx^P*^ llBov, thou hast made light of; or, thou hast 
taken easily. 

884-5. (rvfifi6hMa, symptoms, irpbs r^r irapo6a'as trvfKpopiif, 
compared with the state in which thou wast. 

899. &AX' iyBdy ^8i| icr.A. Neoptolemua refers to Philoc- 
tetes' words, — fi.ii \4y€, — and says. Nay, I am in such per- 
plexity that I cannot speak. The conatr. is &AA* H^ri kvp& 
[_i»y] iyB^e tov8c rod ir^ovs, 

985. t^ ir^Xiy, looks away. 

943. *HpakKiovs, governed by Upk, to which supply tm: 

20 PHILOCTETE&. [v. 947— 1041. 

947. cVtctfXoi' JUA«f, a thade, and nought beside, AAAws, 
same as fuLriiv, 

948. iirtl 0&8* hv £8' ^xovr*^ cj /u^ Z6\xff for he would not 
have, (sc. etXfv fit) even as I am, except by frond, 

960. iv <rawT^, See Wordtw. 186, obs. 1. 

961. 6\oio fiii T«, vpy fid$., Curses on thee! Yet no — until 
I have learnt, S^, Cf. Eur. Med. 82. 

975. The order is, ohK c7 ir<(AiK /kcOcIs iiioX rh r6la ravra. 

995. ircurr^or r^8c. See Wordsw. 166, a. 

1001. ipyaatius, intend to do, -f/o», a desiderative ter- 
mination. See Wordsw. Ill, c. 

1008. 4x1 T^8e, in his power, 

1007. dirnXOcf. CEd. Tyr. 886, XdBpa fi* ^fXBi^u. 

1018. 8i& fivx^f^ fixiirova^ act, ever seeing in secrets i.e. 
full of scheming and deceit Lidd. and Scott 

1021-2. iyi» 8* &\7^vojuai rovr' aifrh. Construction tame at 
fup. 906, rovT* &j/uv/iai vdXat, 

1025. KXoiry re K^LvdyK^ C^y^U : alluding to the device by 
which Ulysses was compelled to take part In the Trojan 
war. He had feigned madness, by ploughing the sea- 
shore, and sowing it with salt Palamedes placed the 
infant Telemachus before the plough, upon which Ulysses 
immediately turned it from the furrow. 

1039. Kivrpov — j/kov, goading desire for me, 

104]. &XA& Tf) xp6v^ icorl; elliptic useof &\A^ Cf. Antig. 
552: Eur. Hec. 891. 

V. 1048—1108.] PHILOCTETES. 21 

1048. elf /ioi iropc^Koif did occasion permit. 
1052. xp?7r<v (l<pvv, it is my nature to desire, 

1058. The construction Is, Ss olfxai xpariveiy hy roirwv 
oifi^y kJlkiov <rov, ft,r\^ ixiBivtiv [&y Kdnioy ob^ly aov] 

1066. <payris, gen. after irpoarfpOeyKrhs, See above, v. 3. 
(rod <t>o»jnis, double gen.: compare Antig. 1184, XlaWd- 
9os 0fas ely/idray wpoaiiyopos* 

1076. rk t' iK Kc^f (rTc^AaNri, have got ready (for putting 
on board again) the things which have been taken out of 
the ship, 

1080. dpfMffOai, infin. for imperatiye. Wordsw. 160. 

1082. dtpfjiby K<d xayerwits. See above, note on v. 17. 

1085. ffuyotati, Thou wilt be my companion, cvfu^dpeadai, 
to meet with — to agree together ; hence, to live with, be 

1091. fftrov6fJLOv iKirlSos, the hope (ff getting food, 

1092-4. This passage is hopeless; the usual translation is: 
Oh! that the crouching birds (i.e. the birds which feared 
me before) with shrill whizzings would take me aloft 
in air, 

1095. Karii^lwras, hast pronounced thine own fate. See 
^sch. Aganu 572, ncol iro\A.& x^P^^^ trvfupopats Ka- 

1099. iraphy, ace. absol. Wordsw. 163, obs. 
1108. Tpoa^ptty, act for middle irpo<r^p6fA§yos, 

22 PHILOCTETES. [v. 110»— 1146. 

1109. ob irrayuy K.r.X., Nor haomg it (ic. ^opfiian) from my 
winged arrows in my strong hands, 

1 123. voKias v6vrov Bivhs, a poetical expression for iroXiov 
7c6vTov Bivhs, 

1125. ycAf fiov. 7cA$ for KaraysKf, The genitive with 
the simple verb is rare. 

1126. rhv ifjAy fit\4ov rpo^hf. In the possessive ii»hv is 
implied the gen. of ihe personal pronoun iyLOv, with which 
the adj. fitKtou agrees. See Wordsw. 145, obs. Compare 
CEd. Col. 844, rikf*it 9v(rr4ivov icaith. The same Is found 
in Latin ; e. g. ** respublioa mod unius operd salva 

1182. ^^wofLoVt companion. This word is supplied coojee- 
turally by Dindorf. 

1134. ^i' ^cTaXAa7f , lit in changed possession of ; \.t, having 
changed ownerst and being in possession of 8fc, iw^phs de- 
ends upon fitraWayf. ipiffau, strictly of the handling 
rf an oar, 

1140. iafhp6s roirhijAptv, Transl., A man may say that one 
course is just ; but haoing said it, he should not give forth 
from his tongue words of envy and bitterness of spirit, 
iLy^6s, Under a general sentiment Philoctetes is alluded 
to, who, the Chorus thinks, has been too unsparing in 
his abuse of Ulysses, tr is now adopted into the text i 
by Dind. in place of •{. I 

1148-4. K*7yos, Neoptolemus. roGSf, Ulysses. | 

1146. drjpai, O^pa, wnatiof then the beast hunted; the 
prey. See above, 609. 
ipoT&v, x^H>cirhSf flercc'eyed. The word itrictly meana 

X. 1149—1218.] PHILOCTETES. 25 

- hright eyed,mth only a coUatend tiotioB of fierceness* 
[xapi— ^i^.] 

1149. .4»tfy^ fC odK ^ &«■* Ah\l»y irt\aT€f Ko ffwre wUt 
ye draw me after you [ircAarc fit, ipuy, understood] Jrom 
my cave, by your flight. This is Henn.'s renderingt 
Linw. translates : No more will ye timidly approach 
me {^vy^ rreAar^ fie) from your haunts. Either way it 

1153. kv&iiv S8c x^P^^ ip^Kerau Lit, this place is care- 
lessly kept, i. e. it is open to aU, he* i^ovo-las 6 r6iro5 
tfjuv oZtos &yc«rai. Scbol. See Lidd. and Scott [^c^Si^v 
fr. ikylrifn,'} 

1156. Now is the time for you to glut your avenging mouihs 
to your pleasure with my livid flesh, ifias aapxhs depends 
upon mp4aat. Wordsw. 132. aU\as, discoloured by 

1 163. Transl., If aught thou regardest a stranger, who hns 
come to thee with all good- will, come thou to him, ^4vov, 
Neoptolemus. itiXMrvov, accede ad eum, not sine ac' 

1180. vabs Xv* Tjfuy riraicrai, to our posts on board; ]lt, 
where in the ship it is appointed to us. pahs depends 
upon tya. Wordsw. 172. 

1191. Trans!., To do what, with purpose different from the 
things brfore, which you indicated ? yr^fif. The yvJoiM of 
Pbiloctetes, not of the Chorus, is meant 

1207. r4pM depends upon &5t in the line before. 

1218. vtits 6fu)v. Sfiov, as containing the notion of vici- 

24 PHILOCTETES. [v. 1222—1314. 

• nity, ifl here used with a genitive, Uke 7r4\as, or iy- 

1222. ovK tttf ^pdtTfuis, opt with tuf, — less positively im- 
perative than ^pdaov. Wordsw. 159, 6. 

1233. otrl Tov — vous^ you surely don*t mean. 

1235. K€profMy, in mockery. 

1238. hvairoKuVf properly, to turn over againf as the ground 
with a plough ; hence to repent, 

1239. ipx^y, omnino. Wordsw. 143. 

1251. rhv ohv ^6fioVt thy terrors, i. e. thy threats. 

1264-5. row KtxpflM'^voi ; needing what f x^/ua, in the next 
line, refers to Kexpvi^^f^oi. The play on the word might 
be kept in EDglish. What is the matter ? Ah me I evil is 
the matter, 

1274. ftivovTi Kaprtp^lv, to persist in remaining, 

1289. h.T^fio<r\ ayvhv ic.t.A., No, by the holy worship of 
Zeus most high. 

1301. fi40(s fit — X^'jP^* ^^XW*'^ Ka9* S\oy ical iiipos, i.e 
the ace. of the patient, afterwards more accurately defined 
by the ace. of the part. J. G. G. 584, 1. 

1304. i»,^ tcravuv, /u^ redundant. Wordsw. 168, obs. 2. 

1314. fi<rd7iv.,,th\oyovvrJk tre, / am (aorist) pleased with 
your speaking well of. The ace. after fiffdi^v is to be ex- 
plained |s an ace. of equivalent notion. This ace. is not 
cognate to the verb, but expresses that in which " the 

. action, or state, or effect of the verb for the time con- 

V. 1318— 1384.] PHILOCTETES. 26 

sists.'* See J. G. G. 548, e, and cases qqoted 549, c. 
Expressed as a cognate ace, we should have ^(xOriv ^Sok^k 
tlKoyovyros trov, &c. 

1318. kKovcrioiffiv. The trouhles of Philoctetes were of that 
kind which Aristotle calls voluntary-like, {xMraL irpd^fis, 
ioiKatri 8^ fjuiWoy ^Kovcrlois' auptrat yhp tttri rdre 5rc 
fTpdrrovTcu. Nic Eth., B. iii. i. 6. 

1325. ypi<f>ov ^ptvwif ^ca. Compare ^sch. Prom. V. 789, 
iyypdfpov arh fiyiiyiociv dcXrois <pp€ywv, 

1327. Xp6<r7is. See above, note 196. ircAao-Ocls, approach' 
ing. See Trach. 17. 

1352. uKdBu; Am I to yield? Conjunctive expressing de- 
liberation. See Wordsw. 158. 

1354. K^KXoiy his own eyes, irar' &/a^* l/uoi;, all that con ■ 
cems met or that befalls me* 

1357. ry Aatprlov. See Pors. note, Eur. Phoen. 145 : ** Ar- 
ticulum raro propriis nominibus praefigunt Tragici, nisi 
propter emphasin quandam, aut initio sententioe, ubi 
particula inseritur, ut. Phcen. 512, tois yhp &v Bri$eus 
T<J3€ ytvoir* 5vei8os. 

1362. Bavfulffas ^x^* ^^ above, 600, cTxoi' iK$f&\7iK6Tts. 

1364. of ytt since they. The full sentence would have been, 
Tiixas T* ixtlpyeip fi^ trvfifiaxf'tv ixflvois of, k.t.A. 

1367. i fioi aw^noffaSi as you swore to me, 

1378. TTphs rohs fitv odp, nay, but to those, ^e, 

1383 4. &^t\ovfjL€yos — 6<}>t\os, Neopt. — How should one 


26 PfilLOCTETES. [▼. 1411—1456. 

SmI shame nf doing a terviee f Philoci— ifeon you to 
the Atrida, or to me, that this urwiee U t 

1411. ^>dffK€uf, int for imper. Compare Electr. 9. 
1413. rV <^>' X^*^' Compare Trach. 485. 
1427. voff^ulis $iov. See above, note 684. 

1451. Kork irpifiniv. Compare Virg. ^d. iii. 180, "Fio- 
■equitur tnrgens a puppi ventus euntes." 

1456. oS. The antecedent is fidkoBpor,