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**-' ■- — - - ■ ^ 

Golden KetnainS) 



^r. John Hales, 


The Third Impreflion; 

With Additions fk)m the Authon own Copv, 

V I Zi 




Concerning thS 




Printed by TIB; fot q^^ p4w/ef, ^t '^^ Sign 

of the B»W# in C/j4»ce^-i4W. MKXXSDCVltL 



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RE A 13 E R- 

F, that Reverend and Worthy 

Perfbn « Mr. Farmclfoa had not 

died before the Imprelfion of 

this Book^ you had received 

(torn that excellent Hand an 

cXa<5t Account bithe Authors Life, 

which he- had be^n, and refblved to 

pct(eA and prefiit to this Edition. And 

as the Lois of him is grieat in many 

Particulars, fo elpecially in this,- be* 

caule there was none to whoiU M. Hales 

was fo throughly known ai unto him ; 

"f nor wasthereariyibableto declare his 

Worth, partly by tezfon of his own 

Abilities eminently known, principally 

becaufejie learn'd his Author from an 

intimate Converfe-, who ^as a man 

liever to be truly exprefs'd but by Kim- 

felf. -, 

Ax l>^ 


^ I 


Td the ^eader^ 
' I am therefore t& iaCfeftC tlie;% IUa«> 
der, being deprived of the proper fbt= 
torch, not to expe^ ^ny fuch thing as a 
Life from me;but to accfe^t {o much on- 
ly as h here intendied. If Mt.fiaks w^if 
uhknown i^to th^e, be f leafed to hb» 
lieve what I know and affirm to be true 
of htna ; if he tf^ft j^mowa, than pBkf 
be Jacisfied y th^ ^diat is fubiifhed in 
hi& Kame ^ . did really .f^rbcoed fwta 
htm ; and more than this iieedc not to 
be (poken in reference to the advaaGer 
ment of this Work > bec^uCe her. which 
knew or believeth whajt an.^pelieiit 
Fei fbn Mr. Hdes was, and QiaSX be alio 
perfwaded thaehe wii4 the Author of 
this Book, cannot chu(e but iatinieely 
deiire to {e^ and read him in k* 

In order to t;he firft of thefe,. | fhall 
fpeak no more than my own long Ex- 
perience, intimate Acquaintance and 
high Veneration gi^omioed upon boch^ 
fhall freely and fincerely prompt me 
to. Mr. John Hales ^ {bmeiime Greek ^ro- 
feffor of the Univeriity of ox/e)'iy long 
Fellow of Eatm CoUedge , and at lafi. 


Tp the ^fdifr*, 
alio Prebendary of Windfot, was a man 
I chink of as giceat j^^i^arpneis, quick* 
iiefs and (iibtilty of -t^lF^' as ever this, 
or periiaps any Nation bred. His In^ 
duftry did drive, if it were poffible, to 
equal thelargenefs of his Capacity, 
wnereby he becaine as great aMaftec 
of Polite , Various and Univerfal 
Learning, as ever yet conversed with 
Books; Proportionate to his Reading 
was his Medication^ which furnifh'd 
him with a Judgment beyond the vul- 
gar reach of Man, .bmlc upon unordi- 
nary Notions, rais'd orit of ftrange Ob- 
ierVacions and comprehen/iye thoughts 
within himielf. So that he really was 
a moll prodigious Example of an ia- 
cute a^d piercing Wig of a vaft and 
tllimiced Knowledg, df a fevere and 

profound JudgmeiK. 
Alcho' this may (eem,as in it felf it tru^ 
ly is,a grand Blogmmyyei I cannot efteem 
him lels in any thing which belongs to 
a good man, thati in thoie intelleSual 
Perfis^ions i and had he never under- 
wood a Letter, he had other Ornaments 

A } fuffi- 


To th ^aier. 
fufficient to indear him, For he was 
of a Nature (as 4, we ordinarily fpeak) 
fo kind, foifv^^j'fc courting all Man- 
kind, of inAftdbility fo prompt , fo 
ready to receive all Conditions of men» 
that I conceive it near as eaHe a Task 
for any one to become fo Knowing , 
as (b Obliging. 

As aChriftian, none more ever *lc- 
quainted with the Nature of theGo- 
fpel, becauie none more ftudious of the 
Knowledg of if^ or more curious in the 
Icarch, whifbifcetng ftrengthene<i by- 
thofe great tAd vantages before mention- 
ed , could pot i)rove other wife than 
highly effe<5tual. He took indeed to 
himfeif a Liberty of judging, not of 
others , but for himfelfj and if ever 
any man ~ might be allowed in thefc 
Matters to judge,, it was he who hiid , 
fo long , fo much , fo advantageoufly 
conlideredi and whieh.ismore, never 
could be faid to have had the Icaft 
worldly Pefign in his Determinations. 
He was not only inoft truly and ftriA* 
ly juft in his feciilar Tranfa^lions, moft 



exemplary tnc^k and humble tiotwithr 
'fianding his Perfe^ldns ^ but beyond 
all example charitable, giving unto all, 
pre^rying nothing but his Books, to 
continue his Learning and himfelf^ 
Wliich when he had before digeflied, he 
was forced at laft to feed upon, at the 
(kme time the happieil and moil unfor- 
tui^ate HeUw of Books, the gr^ Ex^ 
ample o£ Learning, and oi the Enyy 
^nd Contempt which followeth it. 

This Teftimony |nay be, truly given 
oi hisPerion, and nothing in it liable 
to the -kaft exception, but this alone, 
that it comes farilbprt of him. Which 
intimaPt^Qii I conceive more neCcflaiy 
for filch as knew him ndC , than all 
which hath been faid. 

In reference to the fecond part of my 
Defign, I conf els, while he lived none 
was ever more (bllicited and urged to 
write, and thereby truly to teach the 
Wprlcjithanhe; none ever forelblved 
( pardon the Expreflion, (b obdinate ^ 
^gain(l it, His facile^ and Courteous Ka - 
i^re le^ritt only noj; to yield to that Sol- 
. A 4 limitation. 

lickatbn. And therelbitt the WoM 
:muft be<^ntent to hfkt t&e lofs of all 
his Learning witk th« <kpiivacion of 
KitTf^f ; and y^ he 0anaot ^ tecuiied 
for hiding' of his Talent, being fo«om* 
mtviicaci ve , (hat his Chamber was A 
Ghuroh, and hi»Ch;)Jr a Palpic. 
Only thaf t^ere m^ht (bnae tafte oan* 
tinue of him, hct* ak fbme of his fl{«- 
mw ref^Ue^ed ; fii^h as he could n<^ 
but write,& foch as when Wricten^wer^ 
out of his pGwef to deftroy. Thefe 
confift of SammSf l^fctUmn and het^ 
tersy and each of them proceeded front 
him upon refpe^ive Obligations : This 
Imprefiion is forther augnaehted with 
the Adiitjonof fpnie Jmberitie Lettefs^ 
relating to the lame Tranfaiftiofl. - Hi6 
iMters^ though written by hiifnletf, yet 
svrere wholly in the .power ol thai Ho- 
jjourable l^flbn to whorti they were 
ent, and by that means they we^ pre* 
fer ved. The Stmens Prieached on ^feve- 
ts4 eminent OecaHon^ , were foatdied 
troi» him by his Friends, aftd -in their 
}imQs ihg Copies were coJtEintt^, 6i 

by Tranfcription difpers'd. Of all 
which Publifhed for His, there is need 
to fay no more than this , That you 
may be confident they are His, 

m I 

TTr/f, Reader, is aUtbeTrouMethw^ 
fit to hegtym the by 




-» * • 


^ • 


( « 

Mr. Csrihwdk, 

Am yery glad you chojefijudktous an 
O-perfeer «f thfe SERMONS 
of Mr. H A L.E S's, iw Kr. Gun- 
ning, Tbhim I always "haye had iri 
high epetin^ hoth for his Learning 
and fiety j and 1 am cf his Opinion, that 
they may pafsfor extraordinary. That Ser* 
wo» o/Wrcfting hard places of Scripture, 
may »eU begin your ColkSlion, The other 
m Rom. xiv. i • Him chat is weak in 
the Faith, receive, <:?*c. w*s freach'd at 
St. Pauls Cro(s, and 1 moyed him. to print 
it. That ofyMy Kingdom is not of 
this World, I once f aw, and returned to 
Mk. Hales, with four more, which I (aw 
him put into Mr^ Chillingworth'f Hands : 
That 'of'Syixi Guftodiam, I have heard 
him of cm /peak of it with a kind of Compla- 
cency i That of. He (pake a Parable, 
that Mea ought always to pray, I he^ 
lieve ishiSf by the^ajfage of th?' Spunge 
and^he Knife, whidhl haye heard fromhis^ 
M>wfr. The Sermon which you] had from 
i). Hammond upon. Son, remember, 
<^c. was preached at' Eatoit Gelledge. 


Mr. FarindonV Letter, 

J%f qtkr 4 Duels loiif ^h^m or <w», 
4^ fnach% at th^ Hague to $^ D. Carl- 
tpp 4^i few C^om^. Tbaym o^H a Let- 
ter (w^ I cfjt^ do^il things, if 4 Senmn. 
The Serifio^ ^, Peter went out juiipl wept,' 

OmC<tuimlJhMput^ thtit^fr'm 
nftthvi^ mbkh is not "Wittm vkb his o'9«i 

B^, or k yifry careful in eoir^4)j»i^ ^em ', 
for m l»^ face m jhe^etl m a, ^mm, 
which h Jaid ufos j^, i^^i^ J ^ confirm 
cauld mt ke ; for Jfa^ nothing in ^ i9hi(h 
W4s not Vulgatis monetar, of 4. yulgttr 
Stamp, common, a^ fl4, mi hy^ Ihert 
he f^m Sermons that J mt^b 4ouht cf, for 
there is httU of his Spirit anci Genius in them, 
Ofid fome that are ixl^feB : That ffOen^f 
3|Yij. I . Wak befoi^e p\e, <ff'c* js wtfi 
imperfeB^ 4s ajfffars kf the Auto^pfcaiin 
l^hichl fa3iff4it.%^um a Fortnight Jmcti^ 

For few LETTERS, he hadmch: 
trouUem that mAfromfeyeral frmd^y 4n4. 
Ibiardhimfpeak of that Friends f^ettet ymj 
nrnttka, fh^antly, iMr. - — He fcfs up 
Tpp^ an^ \ muft whip them foy him. 





$utlmyn ^M t* ^wr jw ^>? iWKi 

fromihe Synod of Do^^?, lip^f «m>.|>/«4^ 
ro (<fike notice, f ^<tt m his yoiin^er days he ifg/t 
a Olviiyft, a»d eym^tjm. v>h^ he wm em* 
ployed atlh'<iojihoi',^''emiat the Tt^ell p-ef- 

fing S| Jrf»(%?^ b Epifcopius- 

There, I \}\6i John CdVm goodnight,^ 
he has often toU me, 1 belteVe they v^Hj^ oi 
acceftahUy or, in your ^hrafe, as falet^kf «t* 
his Sermons, I wodd not haye you to Vwi- 
tH»^:itl^i;i!f|!fr^ilMlo/;'o«rH4»if to me, 
for they may mifcarry, and I fear itTifQuldbe 
very difficult to find another Coj^, ferad* 
Venture I may fhortlyfee you, at the Term J 
hope IpdTy dnithen 1 p?aU. adyife you fur* 
therthe hefi I can about thofe other Sermons 

you haye, 

1 fee you wiU he trouUed yet a while to 
fan Wf}^ in a r^ht tt>ay, t have drawn in 
myUmdtheMo^dofhislAUi hut I am 
like Mr, HALE Sy in this, which tifaf 
' me of his Defers, not to pen any thing till 
Inrnfi needs* 


Mt' Vaxixidons's Letter, ' 

God profperyou mjotir Work tni ^Bupnefs 
you have in Hand, that neither thei^hwrch^ 
nor the Author faffer. 

yqur afliwed Friend 


iefteui. ijF. 

♦> « . V 



Aflchoriy F^rilidoM,' 

. » . - , 

• " \. 



• w^ * « <t 

•a '* 


i » « • ' > t \ 

» • 

« : « Ma 



>^ ' • « <> • 

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I 'mi 

Abufes of hard Places of Scripture-^ 
^Pct3^I5. X Tf TacA/itf Vnt^arned and Vtiftaik 

W ^^fiy as they da the oiher^Scri^ 
, fp^es, WHO their oftn Deftruaim, 

PacT* 1- 

Of dealing with Erring Chriftians. 
RonL 144 I. VUm th/u U weak in th^ Faith receive^ but me 

to doubtful Dijfiitatiom, ., p. a^ 

The Rich Man's l^cq^fti^ or the Danger of receiving 

our goodThings iithis Life. R-cacbcdon Eafier- 

day at ^atm College. 

Luk. 16. ay. Son^ remember that thou in thy Life time re- 

ceived/t thy good things. p. 7 , 

OfDuels,€?c- Preached at Aefiigi^. 
Numb.3 5'.3 J. And' the Land cannot be deoffed of Blood that 

^Jhediniti hitly the Blood of him that 

>*^^*^' p. 88 

Saint Ptfiw/ Fall. 
Mat' 2.^. 7 5". And he went forth and tveft bitterly, p. 1 1 5 

Philip. df.\l.lcando aU things through Chrifi^ that ena- 

bletb or that ftrengtheneth me. p. 146 

Luk. 1 8- 8. And he Jpal^ a Parable unto them to this endy 

that Men ought abPi^s to fray and mt to 
f"^^^ • • p. 168 



. The Contenft. 

t. • ^y ^«»ga«n « not of this World 

John z». 9^.^«. -^^ n,K,^Z'7'n. ^ ^, 

I Tim. 4.8. B« G<^«.y; « ^^^^ ^ ^ ^^.^^ 

. ^ 399 

i^teAm *6ac«,^ t^e^^bf zi«->.^*^'^ 

^ K , i.. k 4 

.i . 


» ^ ' • . . ■ .. r 

■fc « » I ■! ■ ' : * ' r ^ 

• .T I 

'' . 

^b the Unkarmi^ ana Unft$hU Wtiji^ 
; AS they do the other Scriptures^ mto their 
oumiefirH^Qfim : , 

I . ■ . . 

. ' . . • i 

rIHE lbv|8 and favour which it pkafed- God to 
. hcahrxxir Fathers; before: the. JUw, ibfar pie^ 
TOife^iKitbr hhn,a8.diat;wilhpur any Books ia<i 
i ; Wticings, by faottUar ;and friendly coiiiyecfiog 
ih themy and; comintiaicating himfilf tinto theitiy he 
ide ^tmA' ntaeivs and JivKletfHtad his LaWsr : their 
paid GoQOfhs and IntdleSuals being a&et: ^wdudetr 
onaitmexi^ jtiwieiie^ Fi(^i:l|[^ . > 1. 

rS^iK^icxpiidfoit^ byrWiSj^lifotbitf /«JJ&1. ftSU 

Y^c^tM^TiAtbat'iisj aod cbnient untb^ aodJ : r . »( . ; 
ifefiithe moE'of tfaesL : Wkidi way ofitnaniieftihg 
iwiil, jiiiQti^;niany other gmdooa privilie^ea which 
lady abovisilhat which ind^ter Ages can]ie'iix pla^iebf 
thadtMs^addcd diat ic4Drc)U|hfc with ituoto the man^ 
wfaam:ic.:was oiade, a pitetenration agstinil all doubt 
I faefitaiicy^ a &U aflttradtce^ both who the Author 
8, andliaw &r his intd&i: and meanbg reacht. ^^r^ 
t are itheir .Off-^taing, lougbt , . as 
t:in^fifiip$ '- cdls. iis^ : & to have de* ^o«f.J./^Mati 
aned'<]W rielves, that it migbr have 
(d witb>m as it was .whhdienH that we might have^vof .writing^. no,ttther Teacher but the 3ffi* 
no other Bodes* but. bur hearts^, no othet means to 
?e bten taught the things of Go<L hUJi- injfixatvmis 
ina ku^rnamfimioremipie thSrindm^ nti foe finis {ernuh 

B num 



% Ahifis of hard Ptaai of Serif lure. 

won (3 fine, dmeniis Hterarum^ eo Jtdeim qm 
!• 9. JP/^iA ficretius Veritas loipiitur j as iaitn Fulgemius. 
ic6. "^B^jcAif/sM >B 9wr yfAfifiutimp J^H^ &ith 

Ifidorw PeiuJicM : for it is a greater argument 
of our (hame and imperfe£lion, that the holy things are 
written in Books. For as God in anger tells the Jews, 
that he hirhielf would not go before them as hitherto, he 
had done^ to condu<S them into the piomiied Land, 
but would leave his. Angel with them as his Deputy : (i> 
hath he dealt with us, the unhappy Pofterity, degenera- 
ted from the antient Purity of our Fore-fathsrSi When 
himielf refufcd to (peak unto our hearts, becaule of the 
hardneis of them, he then began to put his Laws in 
writing. Which things for a long time, amongfl his 
own People, ieemsnot to hare brought widi it any (en- 
able inconvenience. For amohgft all tfaoie ads of the 
Jews, whkh God in his Bode l^th regiftredfer our lo- 
AruStioti^ there is not cxie concerning any pretended am- 
biguity or obfcurlty of tte Text and Letter of their 
Law, which might draw them into FafHon and Schifin ; 
the Devil belike having other fuffieient advantages 00 
whidfi he wrou^t But ever fincc the Goipel was^com-^ 
mitted to writing, .what age, what monument of the 
Churches A£b is not full of dd>ate and ftcife^ concern- 
ing the (brce and meaning of thole Writings, which the 
holy Ghofl: hath left us to be the Law and Rule of 
filth ? Sr. PW, one of the firft Pen-men of di Holy. 
Ghoft, who in Paradife heard words which it was not 
lawful for man to utter, hath left: us words in writing, 
which it is not iafe forany man to be too bufi^ to inter* 
prct. No fooner had he laid down his Penj almoft c're 
the Ink was dry, were there found SylLAantm aucufei^ 
jfucb as S^.Ambrofe (pake of, fiinejcire alipdd mibejcwu^ 
& fer eccaJSoriem olfjcmtatis'teniatt laqueos iecefnmis^ who 
thought there could be no ^greater di^ragement unto 
them, then tp ieen\to be ignorant of any.thing, and un* 

e. dcr 

Ahufif 4 hard Places (f Serif tuti: , ^ 

<ter jfrttcnce of interpreting obfcUre pkcd, laid Gins to 
entrap the,uncautelous; who takfag advantage of the 
obfeurity of St. Pauls Text,* made the Letter of the GoP 
pel of Life and F^ce, the moft forcible Inftrument of 
mortal Qparrcl and CoiKention. The growth of which, 
tilt Holy Ghoft, by the Miniflry of St Peter^ hatb en- 
deavoured to cut up in the Bud, and to (bangle in the 
Womb, in this fhort Admonition, which but now hath 
founded in your ears, Pf^jicb the Vnleamedy &c. In 
which words, for our more orderly proceeding, ^Ve will 
confider, Firil, die Cn it felf that is here reprehended, 
tVreftmg of Serif ture : where we wiU briefly confider. 
what |t is, and what caufes and motioners it £unds in oUr 
corrupt Underftandings. Secondly, the Perfons guilty of 
this Offence,* diC:ipherM unto us in two Epithets, t^n- 
kamei^ Vhjiabk. La& of all, the danger, in the lad 
Mrords, unto their oum danmatim. And nrft, of the fui 
it felf, together with Ibme of the (pccial caufes of it. 

2Tfi/SA?«f, ij&^ mefi. They deal with Scripmre*a$ with natural Bqdies, torturing them to 
extrafl diat out of them which God and Nature never 
put m them. . Scripture is a rule which will tiot fit ic 
icif to thie obliquity of our Conceits, but our perverfc 
and crooked dilcourie, muft fit it felf to the 
ftraightnels of that rule. A learned Writer i^^^n 
in the Age of our Fathers, commenting up- 
on &ripture, fpake moft truly, when he fiid, That bis 
Comnmiss gave no light unto tlje text^ the Text gave light 
mto his Cpnsments. Other Expofitions may give rules and 
cI}re<9tioni for underftanditig their Authors, but Scripture 
^Vcs ruld id Ejpofitlon it felf, and interprets the Inter- 
preter. Wherefore when we made in Scripture, noH 
fro fentemm Svinarum Scriputarum^ as St. Auftirie ipeak$, 
jfed fro mfira it a dimicantes ttt tamvelimus Serif turaritm effe 
'^a wftra eft : When we ftrive to give unto it, and not 
^receive from it the fcnfe : whttiwe feiiioufly contend 

B a^ to 


4 Ahtfis (f bard Places of Scrifiure. 

tbfaften our Conceits upon God j and, like the Harkt 
in the Book of King$^ take our dead and putrified Fan- 
cies, and lay them in the bolbm of Scripture^ as of a 
Mother i than are we guilty of this great fin of wreft- 
ing of Scripture. The nature of Which will the better 
Appear, if we conCder a little, feme of thofe Motioners 
which drive us upon it. . One very potent and ftrong 
mean, is the exceeding aifedlion and love unto out 
own Opinions and. Conceits, For grown we are unto 
extremities on both hands ; we cannot with patience^ 
dthcr admit of odier mens Opinions, or ea^ure that our 

own fhouldbe withftooA" Ask was iot 
^'f^^* ''^ .^^''' ^'^ Lacedsmonian Army^ almoft aU were 
'I* Captains : (b in thefe Dilputes,all will bff 

Leaders : and wp take our felees to , be mucih 
dilcoUntenanced, Jf ojjiiers think not as wc.dd So that 
the Cbrnplaiiit which one makes con^rning the dilflenUT 
6n of Phylicians about the Difeales of our Bodies,. ^ 
* , true likewife in thefe Difpute§ \i4uch ^ concern tlie 
. '^ Cure of our. Spuls^HfWc ilU circa agros mferafemtftt 
ii'amm confertaiiones^Uo id^m cer^fentc^ vid^attft amjfio ali€^ 
rif/f .From hence have forung thofe mifer^le Contentions 
about the Diftemper of oui; Souls, flngularity alone, anq 
that we 'Will not ieem to ftand as Cyphers to make ug 
the (um^of other mens Opinions, beicig caute enough to 
make us difagree. A fault antiently amongfl: the 
Chrjfli^ns- (6 apparent, that it needed not an Apoftolica( 
$pir J t to difcover it, the very Heathen themfelves, to oui; 
fliame and confuQon^havejuftly, judicioufly, an4 ftaJp^ 
taxc us for it. Ammianus ^MarceSims paimg his Cenfiire 
upon Cmjiantius the Emperor : Chrifiianam rjfligionfm 
aifolutam ^ fimfUccm (laidi he, and they are words very 
well worth ypur le^^xVmgj Chiftiamm religimem 
^ fjmfliccm anili JiiferfiitianQ cmfudit, Jn jua fcrutofidd 
ferfUxius quam comfonepda gtatim^ exeiMvii J0dia flufif* 
ma^ qiu frogrejfa fufius . ahtit cmceTt4fiQfic vcrbmm^ dam 


ilb^/ if hard Places cf Scripkire. y 

rUim wntian ad Juum fraSere cohdtur orbMwh^ The 
Chriftian ReHgion, a Religioh' 6F giyat fimplicity mi 
pcrfJaftion, he troiitled wiA tfetage tod Sctperftitioa 
For going about rather pferpfcxedljr to fearcjl, the Cori- 
trovcriies, than gravely to compofe them, He railed 
great ftirs, and by diluting, Ipread iJxem far and wide, 
iriwift hp went about txr mak^ himicIF folc Lord' and 
Commander of the whole Profcflioiv, Now fdiat it rnay 
appear wherefore I have noted this; . it is no hard thing 
for a man that hath witi Taiid is ftrongly pofllft of aii 
Oinnion, and reiolutie tomamtain itp to nnd (ome places 
orScripture^ which by good handliig will be ^ded to 
caft a favoiirable countehahce * upon it. Pythhginroii 
Sdiblars ha^itig been bred bp in the Doftnne of Num- 
bers, when afterward they diverted upon the ftodies of 
Nature, iaqcied unto themielves ibmewhat in natural Bo- 
dies like unto {<Itimben, and thereupon fell into a Con- 
ceit, that' Nunibera^ were die Principles of them* So 
fares It with him, that to. the reading of iScripture 
comts fbre-poflefl with ibme Opinion. As Antip/xron 
Orktes in Ariftotk thought, that every where he law his 
own Shape and Pi^hire going afore him : .ft in divers . 
parts of Scripture where thefe naeh walk, they wilf ea- 
fily perlwade themielves, diat they fee the Image of 
their ewn Conceits. * It was, and is to this day, a rafhi- 
on In the hottjcr Cbuntrcys, at Noon, when the Sun is 
in his ftrengtK, to retire themielves to their Clolcts or 
Bed^ Jf they "were at home, to cool and fliady places if 
diey were abroad, tb avoid the mcbnvenienceof jhehcat* 
of iL To this the Spoiife in the Ci»//c/ej alluding, calls 
Sfter her Beloved a^ after a Shepherd, She0 me^ *thou^ 
thhom rn^ fiut t<rj$th^ where tbtm feede^ tly Flocks where thou 
d9(fireft atmml The Dtmattfts conceiting unto them- 
ftlves, that the Church was ftiut up in theni alone, be-' 
ing urged by the fathers to fliew how the Church, be- 
ing univcrfal,' came on a ludd'^rlti thus to be confin'd to 

B 3 4fricl^; 

'$ 4hfis cf hard PUces cf Scriffmc* ^ 

Afirkk'jbey had prelently tfaeir Scripture foe it^Sarb 
di^/ found k writemin the C^n^'c/e/, Jjm&m^ fiem ditgii 
mtima tneoy u^i f^ffo^^ lAi cubes in meriJi$. In lefaidl 
Text, MfriJies doubtle4> as they thoug^t» was their 
Southern Country of Afric^^ where the Shepherd of 
IJrael Was, and no where die to feed his Flodcs. I 
may not trouble you with inftanoes in this kind : little ob^ 
ieryation is able to fumi(h the nun of flcndereft reading 
with abundance; The Tejcts of Scripture which are 
Specially iuljed to this Abul^ afe d;ioie diat are df am- 
l>iguous and doubtful meaning For isJJnuydidcs ob* 
(erves of the fai: and fertile places of Griece^ that diey 
were' evetaiore the occafions of fBrs and feditions : the 
neighbouring Nations eviery one (hiving to naake it (elf 
Lord of them : io is it with theie placesihat are Co fer- 
tile^ as it were, of Interpretation, and yield amukiplici- 
^ of Senfe : they are the PaUftra for ffxyd wits to prove 
Martcriesin, Where every one deiires to be Lore! and 
AbfoKite. ' 

A fecbnd thing occaGoning us to tran%refi ag^unft 
Scripture, and the diicreet and iober handling of it, isf 
our i:oo quick and l^)eedy entrance upon the Pra^lffe of 
mrerprQting it, in our young and green Vears^ before 
that: time ^nd expierience have ripened us, and ietlec| 
our G)nceits. For that wb'ch in au other Bulmefi, and 
here likewiie doth moft efpecially commend us, is our 
(^autelous and wary handling it But this k a flower fA- 
domfeen in youths Garden, ./inJ/?o^/r differencing Age 
and Youth, makes it a property of Youth, Wr7« m Ara< 
•t«<da/ i^ c/>i3(ve|^€ida/, to iuppoie they know all thii^, 
and bold in affirming : and the Heathen Rheto- 
rician cotiid tell us, that by this io ipeedy entring upon 
aftion^ and h timely venting our crude and unconcoft- 
ed Studies, quod e(i ulique fermcufiffanum^ tr^venit vires 
£dmik^ a thing which in all cafes is moft pernicious. 
Fre£iinption is greater than Strength, after the manner 

I .-^ 


wlftfljfSf ^ luard fUasrf Scnfture* j 

of t{ic>le, ^lio aire lately recof^rcted out of ibnie great fide- 
ns&^ ih whom Appedtt k. iboi^^ than Digeftion* 
Tbde are ^y who take die greateft Myfteries of 
Qiriftian. Rdigiocii to be diefitteft Ai^^unients to ^nd ' 
tfaemlelves (ipoQi So Bckiiutti)[ikClnyfipaJfmj a work of 
his fi> termedy wfaeron he difei&sdie quelibn of Prede* 
ftmadon, in the very entrance of hisworktelbus, That 
he therefore enteqmsM to handle this Ai^nieAt, becaufi 
ferfeoth bethought it. to be the fitteft queftion -la whkh 
he mieht Juvemks cahres txercen. The *aadent Ma* 
flers of Fence amongft thel^mnff, were wo^ tp iet up 
a Poft^ and cauie their young Schollars to pra£tiie upon 
it^ and to fbin and fi^t with it as with an Adt^er4ry. 
Inflad of a Poft^^ this young Fencer bath let himielf up 
one of the deepdl Myfteries of our Profeffion, to pra- 
G6& his Freflimanfhip upon. Which quaOty, when 
onte it finds Scripture for its OtJ66):» bow great incon- 
venience it brings with it, needs no large d%;our<e to 
prove. St. Jerome^ a Mannot too eafily brought onto ac- 
knowledge the Erronrsof his Writings, among thofefew 
th]ii£;s which he doth retra£t, ceniures nothing fb (harply 
as tbsmiftake of his youth in this kind : In aiciejcentia 
fnvocatus ardanre & ftuJio Scrij^ammj ategarki imerfreta^ 
4US JiA jAduan Profhetam ctqus htftmam nefiiebam. He 
tJaought iton^ of die greatefl: fins of his Youths diat be- 
ing carried away through ah inconfiderate heat in his ftu- 
di^ of Scripture, he advencQied to intepret jlidias the 
Profit altegoricalty, when us yet he knew not the Hifto* 
ricai meanbg. Old Men, £tithour beft ns^tural Mafter, 
by. realcm of the Experience x)f their often miftakes, are 
hardly broiq;ht conftandy toaflSirm any diing, ct^^it«^- 
siMam iuk 78 i0w( 1^ TV 'dyvL^ they will always cautelouf* 
ly interline dieir Speeches within tm^ ^^i^and fcradven^ 
^ej, and other iudi Parses of Warinels andCircum* 
fpe&ion. This old Meds Modefty, of all other things, 
beft fits us in perufing thofir hard and obicure Texts of 

B 4 Holy 


holy Sg^^^^i, Qui of wlpidsi oonddt itii^ tint .^ fe* 

Sp. <^«/Z^ m i^is Books, J^CeifeJi Md{im4m9 tO:faave' wrii^- 
t6n) (^y.bjTw^ay of cpieftitmt'and interrogteioafl, after' 
the mao9?r of Ar^^kh ^ Plroblcmsi iTJSur fo imgtt' 

*4J^m^ofrf\t^b' S(frifi(kr^ IHi M [tMf^em^ filn nrnarnn t 
ai^^.NKhf^er'ioiis un^fbrftiuidtog Caanot aoam unco the 
Sq^tQ^ pf Jj^,iee him .gi\re it^ hociQUr and rcvetence 
wUgb i^^^ik;^ uptp the Scriptiiie, aodoiny faitnielf wkh 
tjiai awe ^nd fc^e^l: "whidttbcfits' hitia. Whfarcfort: flot 
wifb^t^Ie^ffiJal ProvidcDcc it i% thatitiie Hdly Ghoflf 
by St. ^uii ;jgii^)ng Pmcqpts IQ Tmmktj odmanuiag tlie 
qu4itj(i:tf J^fe ?^ha vtetctohe.adintd^edtot 1^ diflrr« 
Ijuccng qf Gods holy . Word .c]qprefly preicribes agiii^ a 
y£img Scy^ kfi^ faith ht^.hhcft^uf. For as it hatb 
been: noted Of Men^ who arc lately grown Rich, that 
-; they diflFer from other: rich Men or^ io 

. ' Y;^ 7t^^ no.t>JlfliiSi thait 'fi<>nttridnly the^ 
have aH the Fmiks : that ridi Mea '. have , and 
xnaay more : £> is itas Qtuein tho& wh^ hate . lately a^ 
tailed to ibme decide; and- Mediocrity nofKlBOwledgek 
Look what ioHroiities learned Men have^« the fime bav^ 
they in greater degr^^ and many more bcfidds. Whcre^ 
fore . if Iliff9f;r4tfs in . \is Phyfidan -required thefe two 
things, ^j^h^^^vm^ 3^ wa^vx^i^p^ great induftry^ and long 
experience j the one as dilagc to low the Seed, the other 
as tin]ie and feafon of the year td bring it to. Maturity: 
then certainly by ibmudildie n^reare thcSetwd requite 
red in the fpiricual Phyficaan, by how inutii heii the 
Phyfitian^a moteexcaelltat part 
, I y/'ill add yet 6nc third ^niotioncr to this abuft of Scrip- 
turesv ^nd thkt is, Thi^oO great prcfuuiption upon the 
ftrengtti. synd' fubtilty of -our own wits. . That which the 

- K Roman 

Veflftl Virgin, Co/^ DcQsfmiliivu^^ ^fumSd^i^ haritJat 
diiagrdat iwmric <^c!zpdfidQa of ScrifkiAo iaii: eQtedflil 
^b^ ThehotythmgaofGodtiiuftbelk^ 
iB4fii ^xtfm ifMtf ^ ^b fetar and j ri ya ifea e e ^ noif jwirfi 
triea^ (kdinice; The xitti^rous eflfefiUrof thk faacvti 
4|)patee4 noclb did grisen Treeoidfi> b^owg^bnHhj 
bctc. an Men of coiift^ Age, and gtiott. ^oe' m> dib 
Ghurck FariUs was.dnrwfaAchui^ <^g^ al &Am 
of as great LeiurQiag laaid ivluftiv, av ever idieQnifob 
had any ; whilfl: ia {nUimity of tiib univ la 'bis CbflK 
arms 6B}Serifyttire9 '.cxmoehriK MetiOK»t vHimtij Sgeeiii 
latiod^ he imiu^t feipth . thofb dai^fteB'erraia'Sy wUeh 
drew upon his Fd&tiUse CSitin^sWvieftC^ ahii 
ttpoaPoiber&y the lofijof^ Works. Sobdc /wiorcHl Mhd 
in nothing fo mudi aiiicanyas in the too^ooh piftafihs 
tfaddifelre^ in die goodnefs of their ownCbnceits, Mdiera 
die fike fometimes befalls them whicb htSA J^Miprdia 
PainteTi who haK4ngto.dxelifepi£kumIkHkold Waniad( 
fb|dea{ed htni&lfV& die conoesDof bis- Wbrk, ' ' -^v 

ibat faedied vridilaugbing at k. Hetaiiiir&* l^k^pi$Mk 
fhopof'A^4kl'l:h»Jfutf^ dis Aiidxar oFtbe 
EthUfk Sfmyj a pD&e and elegant I <xifafe(% bat a jouft 
and wanton work, being iommon'd ttyaprd^ruk^ 
nod, was told dbat wbidy was tme. That bis wcM^ dM 
rather endanger die ^Masaieis, th«d foi^ofit the Wifil cf 
bisReader, as noutiflni^ loofe and w^toH conceits tn 
the heads of youth : and having hk eb<^oe giveii bttti^ 
either to abolifii h^ wark» or tb' kfliT^ Ms Bifhoprick^ 
not wiUkig to k>(e tke reputarioii^of Wit^ diofe fat&^ 
CO reTign Us place id the Church, and as I Vifir3f ^thfal^ 
fans part in Heaven.^ And *not in'privaie peHSdsaic^ 
but even %i whole Katk»is^ ffaaU we ^rid l^ntolcfifetec^ 
ampks of mi£arria^ in tlus kind. ' if^ Grecums^J^ 
Barixuifin began to deal in upon "tliRn, w^ khin i)f 
wonderous iubdety of Wit, an^ nutftrally o?«r iHdIfl-s; 


St unto cbemlelves in diis qualiqr. Thofe deep and 
k HercGcs ooQoerning tbcTrinityy die IXvinicjr of 
Chrift, and of the Holy Ghoft, die Unin and Dn^ 
&ni of die Dhriae Subrance and Perfixns, were all of 
diraa bq;octen in die heat of dieir Whs ; yea, )>7 die 
ftreflgdi of diem were diey conceived and bom, and 
bm:^ to diat girowd^ diat if 
dbe Gates of HeU to pievail againft die Qmrcfa, tfa^ 
' would have prevailed ifais way. Wherefixe as God 
dealt widi his own land, whidi beii^ fixnednies the 
nurrour of die world for fotility and abundance of all 
tbii^ now lies (ubjed to many curfes, andelpedalty to 
dm of barrainefi .- £i at diis dsnr is it wmi Omee^ 
wheie iomedmes was the flow and fuxuiy of wit, now is 
dieie nodiing biit extream Baibariffii and ihipidity. It 
is in dus le^^ £> dq^enendsd, diat it fiarcelyy (or 
£mie hundred of years hadi bnn^t fbrdi a Child diat 
carries any ftiew of his Fadiers Gnantenance : God, at 
it were, purpolely^ plaguing dieir niifeaUe> Pofteritv 
widi pxtreaiQ want of diat, the abundance of whim 
dieh* Fadiers did lo wantonly abuie. The realbn of all, 
diat hitherto I have in diis point delivered, is diis, 
Siaipnefi of Withadi commonly widiit two ill Campa« 
nions, Pride and Levity. By the lirft it comes to pafi, 
diat men know not how to yield to anodier mans reaio* 
naUe PoiidoDS : by the ieoond, .they know not how to 
keep diem£lves conftant to their own^ 
pmcid* : It WAS an excellent obfervation of the wiie 
Grecian^i/\i7ief I <ii»r «V0pfl^7wr, Sec Sad mid 
did [^ritedmefk'Mfiu^ mrn^e matters nf Stait better than 
ffifiAjmd nmble win. For luch for die moft part have 
9Qt teamt that Lei&n^ the meaning of that Voice that 
caqie t)o the Fytbagwem^ that was defirous to remove 
the ^Qies of his dead Friend out of his Grave, fui 
zteetAtu vi ft»i^, Things lamfidly fetled and comptfid smfi 


Kffwyitpm dfifi&iA dMmi Men . iois^* h^e m h «n 
'$mre unfit to govern : for diey move all . dtnngs, atd leave 
notfaiDg wtdmit. queftion v^' intiq^atboi: m a^iS 
'rptif44M fif J^^^/uh^ef'^y a^* Nd^iismpn fpoaks, Out of defir^ 
* to amend, ivhdt is fdreadfUfett^ Aod therefore we ibt that 

} for ilie moil part fiich^ if» tlipy be in Place of Authomy, 

hf QUieaionabl^ and UI^;iedeftI'y tampering, pm aQ 
things into tumult aadcQmbuftiot). Not jtbe CommoiH 
wealth alone, but the Gtofdb likewife halh received die 
like blow fix>m ^^i^ llind <^ niejQ. . N4f «^^m in his fi» 
and tweittiedii Ot«ti(»^ ^d^uriingcoijoerning the dilbr«^ 
dersGommitied fa^e^htodling.of 0>ntroverjQ^ fpeakt 
It plainly, ffStm 3«^ a$ IW^^ Wi^r tjV 'T^^t^t 
iimvy &C. Great H^fs^ bojtand^ Ji^j^(0km have tasfiS 
thfi TjumuUs. Frpm^^ ^^ (&hkh^ ihatChriflimi arm 
pi JUvUei. We ar4 m t^t^^ a Triir^ mi 4 Trihoy Ifiad 
«»<ijudafa, tmofottyi^ afy^tt^atibnx Im we- ate dhidod 
Kindred agmtfi Kjpired^ WarHlify agaki^ fdmilji^ jeaj a M^ 
4(gai9di bintfeff: &it | muft haften to my fecond genend 
ipart. The Perjm Uro oecoftHted gifilt^ tf 

The iP^fens are noted: in nro JEpitheu, Vn* 
kamtd^ VnftaUe. Firfl:, Z^Airndl It was Scjeron^t 
comj^atnt, that Praftitkuiers of other Arts could con^ 
tak themielves within the bounds dF their o^ Profel^^' 
on. Sola Scripturarum an eft^ fuom fdn otntiet faffm vendi- 
cant J Hone garrula antu^ banc delkus finex^ bancfifit^a 
verhfity hone tmveifi frafiammt^ lacerant^ decent antequam 
^fiant : every one preiumes. much upoo lus skill, aid 
therefore to be a Teacher of SqiplMl^ •' ^ mi'minf 

E' >ojK Sim a (iiya ifiSf /Me««F. (fo lija:^iamfm 
) as if this great myfteiy of Chriftiamty were but 
one of the common^ bale, hifi^ur, and oontemp* 
tible Trades. I (peak not this as if J envied, that all, 
. even the mcaneft of the IU>rds People (houU prophefie : 
but only that aU kind of men niay Icnpw their bounds^ 
tlutno unearned j^^^ Hiy,. kft. hg be thruft^ 


dttough vidi a Ekoc Tt if trot vMlfciiire4iaM lieiMJ^ 

A^ hat kk as Sl Pmd i^ttks o^ tbe Reuirte^on^ 
m^ fmm in hi mk mlit. Sci^tuir ^kr^^^t^ t($ ^ tS 
Isam : but tx> toaDbj ^ ittid to iiitct|wet^ m^ to a few* 
Tbk bold intru£on ditfefere df the Udeaxned iMod^ 
Chair of the Teaoberj k tliac \(4ddi hefre w^ our blefled 
ApoAic^ I ain to feprehend.' J&jM^ in geoend is no* 
dajng eliebuc tli^conipetentSl^ df toytnan ]QWhttfo<- 
cvfcrliepfDfefles. Uliiatty we catf bjr this Name, oriy 
6«ir poHre ^ Acadbnkd Stuii^ but indeed it ttoxn* 

taar Apoftle rebuke^ is not he t^ttiath not read - a mu}- 
tifdidt^ of Audioirs, or diat is not ^ Mfis was, skilfld 
lEidl'thc Ijhmm^ i£ tbe Egjffsansr but he that takir^ 
lipdo lifln totih4d^ the Word (Atj6i; is yet* but rz^ 
and'tnescperjeix^d^j or ifbe have^ha^ Experience wants 
Judgment to mzkt ufe c^ it Scripture is^ never fb un«^ 
hapi^, as wbeo k fells into *#iefe'iliens fingers. That 
which dd Ca^ £ild <3f the Qreifim Phylkian^, ;.^M)fdi^ 
timqae iJU' imrliiiras'fuds diJni^in^ is mb(^ 

ttue hi liaktt m^n; whenfi)e^er Aey fcaB b^gin to 
iixasptt wiA Sicri^ttirej and vent in writing thcfr livr 
•;.. /: . ' Cbnedt^ they will c*nipt and ^-defife-df 
JOe Genefiai ^ l^ey touch, ^d enOn fmleftint trifiittO'' 
Iff^m^ 'qut temeitmi ifli frifimfUnns^ &c. as 

! { •! &^j§ttjtin oomplaincth t fir^ mhii "• trMle 

' mslmigg^^fir^ PVifm^^ he)'brhig Mi the 

difismfcffvrtif Ai^'preih ^xprefti 

mknteiftg coii>ifbineid of their rotten and tingmmded Opinions ; 
fint tbeHn4intMd^n^''$f fbdt mhich linth' great levity and open 
fiiyhdod'th^ have iverred^ they preitnd tbe authority of thefi 
f acred Roolf^^ dnd repeat muckrf them even by hearty as' 
btaeing minieft Ito mhat they hold : itheteas indeed they do but' 
ftmmce tbew^ds j b$it>under/htmfnoteithtr wbat'tb^fpeak:^ 
I •• '' or 



d)d^ ipea &ppc^-.^h^ wbnderfi]| 

mufically, it thcy.4o,txit{hil^ 
Uqty .or mcoQgifuiQ? ibeyipr ^ be. : - . Tlxa xeaicm of V 
nieifs^o$3)ce, ^i^^jip^ Scri^turf<i .^9. ^^ iame widi 
(}l);j^f>f their; jj^ilqiy'Wge ig/ clvjl'^j^oos : i^ 

ififf,ffm4jiprf^ff(yj a^fich ^ have p^dfnhi^ufsi arjs 
fiefft'^Jetenfu^tofi^ . ji^uimifim ixu^UDg a queftion, wHy 
u^^iu^- in|epi.lec^,g)ggg ^me&.«Dl?p.more ^pioiis th^ 
tbil^arnfd fcflSfMR^ fi»ch. wp flfiver w:^t matj^ 
i^djfeuiie), aj#^9rf Thai; it;J%,ftpQu|e wfef|p$«ver 
oDRSW qqpaw rjinw4^w heada|,y?}^utc4rp or'c^i|| 

^^^ IfeqWRPi^yr^it^ tegbtteh m 

!^eir hc^y4ir^£if^ otf:it^, '^j^if^^iif 
it: JSfec fitri^ignan^^ ^^ Af^^tJ^ 

wwf, fid^fitgnkj^^jm^m^^ Bui 

to leave 4^c^ iqen^ mul to ippf^,a Brtle more home 
iiQCo n^nie own* Auditory .: Let ija a little confiaei',^ not 
*i?.F«lWcfi ^.tiadfe men, ktiiic gr?atnel^ of the bu- 
ijoe^ ^tl^e ma^^e of which th^ unde^ake.. So great 
i,?^tSi% as the sldU o^, Exgolkion of jtlieAVqrd and v^ 
pel 18, fofraught with mi4tipiic|tf,. of Authors, Ho fxillof 
variety of Opisiai^ j^uft needs becbofeft tp be a inatter 

' ' of 

14 . A6ilihefb»dPlmiu«fSctai$lti. 

> qF gteat learning, aod \that it carnite, e^ecally In oilr 
iaysj. in fbbrttiif^, ^icb a mediocritj of induftry b6 
actaineA Fc^r 'if in the Apoftlcs time^ whcii as yet 
mucb of ^Scriprore ym fcarcdj written, ^lAen God 
Wroiig^t witfr men' miraajtouUr, to inform their un- 
derft^ing, suid iupdljled hj Revdatipn what mans in- 
doflay, coqld not yicM ; If, Ifi7,,mdiefe dmes SlPW 
jn^qTred Mtigm reaJing^ and esqprdly fbribad greenne& 
of^^chola^ miidr more dicn are diefe eooditioas 
ireqiiired in pur. rime^ therein God doth notSipplrhf 
niirdcle our naturd :de(e<9s, and yet the burthen or o6r 
ProfefGon is infinitehr increafi. All di^ was neoefl^ 
m the Apoftlek ttme^ know oeoefl&ry, -and mudimore. 
Forlfwcadd ofetp tfe gnwrfi. rf Chril^ 
as lii was in the A(poftles. times, Ua thi^one circum^ 
ftance ftb ky ilOthmg of all die tcft) which naturafiv 
l^dfallf ouV times, ana CQ&ld not he' rte^tnred at die baxiof 
of thoie who gul^ediH^ £i]rft A^^6E^&K3timdt : Aat 

in ^thijrch fr oin tune to time ; a thing very noodSkrf 
for "me deterfammg ' the Controvtjrfics of thefe ou^ 
days : how great a.portbn of our kl^br' ahd induftr^ . 
jwroiiE'diis alone require? WhWidFciitJ if J ^Mh^mm 
thou^t it nectt^ to ai&notiinr yotfeg-incn, that they 
Ihoii^ not jpreii^e diemielves fith iffirt^M^ fi jmrn ejd 
iisy^ui breves qhdufhferi(nfw^ artis Utleltm edificerim^ (# 
veUu dtcreiis technicmUn eufos pueHii if tie thoi^t it, 
thiiVto d<> in ail Art of fo infenour aiid aarh>w a Iphehii 
muchi^orcl is itbeh^veful, diiat young Students in lo 
high, {b fpacious, ib large a Prorediqn^ be adviied not 
to think themfelves' fi^aendy provided,' iipon their ay . 
quairitance with fome t^otitiuj or Syfteme of feme teieh* 
oicai DKrine. Lopk; upon thofe Sdns rf Anali , thofe 
-Glanf-lijce Voltimhiouis Writer^ of J^KWir, in regard 'of 
vihpmi our" little Tra^lat^, and PocVet-Volumes in this 
. -kmd;' what aire diey ^xjt as Or^effers -hi' ^)cak not tte 



,Aifa ff bsrd Places tf Serif iieri0 if 

l!ke. £»ne icditbus^ or fs^dam Spjr, tx> faring weaknefi 
of hand% or mdskigcE heart upon any of Gods people^ 
but «7si it^fy-mi^w^ to ftir up and kindle in you tlie 
ipirit of induftry^ to inlarge your ooncdts, and not to 
iufier. your labours to be copft and mued iqi within die 
poverty of feme pretended metliod. I will ipeak as^ 
fiwa (£d to his People, Let us ms fear the Peofle ef tbaa 
Landy tb^ are as meat tmto us^ tb^ fisadm n departed 
fremthem : the Lord u with ut^ fear them f»t. Only letl 
us not think, ftdendo & vatii debeUari fojji^ i 

that the conquefl: will be gotten by fitting ^* • • 
(till and wifliBig all were well: or diat tl^ '> 

walls of tbeie ftrong Gties will fall down, if we cmly^ 
wstlk about them, and blow Rams Homsi But as ther 
voice of Gods People fbmetime was, fy the Smord ^ 
God andef Gideon^ to diat which here gives the Vi^torjpL^ 
muftbe the Grace of God and our Induftry. For by 
this dbxuiQciied, narrow, and penurious fi>nn of «fhidy^ 
we (hallibe no more aUe tokeep pace with them, than-, 
g C^uldcan wiix tkrides. But I fi)ri)ear,:and pafi a-^ 
way unto the ieoond £pithee^ by whicdi thde Racker^ 
of Scriptures are by St« Reter filled Zh^ahki . 

t -. . 

IN the learnmg which, the Would ^^i^adies, it witte 
ajmoft a obiradle to Bod a man oonfbuit to his cmii 
Tenets. For not to doubt in tilings iiiwhkii we.anf 
converfajDit, is either by realbn of excellaidr aid Ssrei^ 
fy of undofianding, thtou^y apprehoidiw the main 
prQic^ks on. which all things are grounded together 
Wi^ thci defciying of the fiireral pa&ga from them 
unto particular ooncliiiions,. and tiie l^vertkles and 
,hHnd By-foths whfch Sophifey and Deceit a^ wont to 
tread^andfuch a man can.tiature never y&ld : or dfe it 
IS through a fenflefi fiufiidiiy^: like untoi that in the 
axmaoa fort of men, wli convcrfing among Ae Crea- 
ture% and beholding the iC^oude ot Heaven, and the 
-1 Hea* 

Ukf it; uittx) Jtbtk ^ heads itoijnanrel, or qixftioo dieft 
t&bg& ib rfiitt joTidbubtt ami diffioiilqri. $v« :{uch'a 
eoca hb) tbatlemii Thopbgj. ia the ifchooi of Nature^ 
^[hcS^oi tQjpfaoikiptoiaE mf ftdodnefs or oompv^^ 
B^jof :IQBhuaflii±. .lEidwiitoever cohmi kno UshMl 
19 d<Hibt dF' lai^ o£. tboie diingi^ with- wlauoh^^Wofkl. 
katk ihured liid^ or it.k dotb, it is to no gnat pu^ 
h& mzf\s mother laod ffamngle^ be ctn vte^tttt^, 
hisdpQbi^ l3^rea£n<^M^&billt)iii» itltoiiot 
In tbe W(»rId3ipowcr /to ghre si t^cdfe « cexc 4iF ft^^ 
dent authoritjnb) oompoie and fix the .i^miglitt-of a 
ipM» Jtfaat IS di^s'd to doubt; • But^this ' gvttai lACM^ 
IKhience^ whidi held the WorU m i]ooertKUiifyyJb7'<fte 
l^xlnrkh^ce of vGpd, U preinmtdd k ^Kot^^a; cefitai% uhdoabied; ^ fitii^t '^ 
tt^ck}^ able td.exah: cveiy Vafle)^ sml^jit W Witf]p 
1^ io fiaoodi all sufasj^ and mdko our ;«r^ ' i^^^jpi^ 
and ip^fGbUe^: that, little a^wf ietmi So itlkt^Wit 
\«eis.;^^lBQiid^m4he Sdiool of Nanmr^ i^-'^tl^ 
£lidJ;jMdhxfeliJoBi;^'fo<in^k mar^ 'Aat-M 

die C^iirch ai^/^gi^& uafta^ Xi^tiac^ 

withftanding, even here is the unftable man found too, 
an^.tOjhi^.c&U9ei]fae u^pofBeld^'thiffin of iFl^ 
S^tum^ J E(r £noQ dst ;it is k:oiifeiil at: altlsmd^^ th& 
ite jSi|/2?/isid'jn€an3^of Scriptuve is^he^e aod^^tHind 
o£/i«U-]Qiriflkb'[7eiietfs, whenlpcirer we alte^'^ettii 
wii finufijn^cdbgiiie .a, new ^tife^ihtiO the word of 6oid4 
^'dtatitbe man-r^at is qnikble in his'RdigW^c^ 
aesriur lie fterircnln vlokuJag of Sdriptura ^ l7he'^i^)iEieial 
6itife of: dus li^tjp andifiittiag difpofiticlsi in th^ ^dto^ 
mmmA oodiakcjcfiit df men,, is their <li&bility^ td diA 
cem of thb/ibeBgdi: of fy&i raaj(bn^ aft m^ 4)e^fraf 
mfad agaonft tbem. For wliidii taufe they ufball)^^ "iHiit^ 
and ftianjr times faH away, upon te^eiy obje<^ioti'^that 
i&nudie/^ in. which toaftidlfaii ienteiftainine&t^' ob« 

Mufii "cf hard' Places of Scripture. ' ^7 

ji<5k)ris ttey refemble the ftate of thoft who afc lately 
recovered out of fome long fidcnefs, 
ji» fSfi reliqiiias effitgercnt^ fi^icionihus tamen Senecu 
injuietantuTj ^ ornnem catorem corf oris Jut calum* 
niantur : Who never more wrong theihlelves, then by 
fij^tiSHng every alteration of their Temper, and being 
^Smghred at every little paflion of heat, as if it Wefe 
ah Ague-fit. To bring thcfe meH therefore unto an 
f t;^f(i'cfi, arid to purchafe them a letlcdnefi of mind } 
that temper that St. Aufiin doth require in him that reads 
his Book, Tales meorum Scriptoruin velim judicesy qui re* 
Jpmjioncm nm femfcr dejiderent^ quum his 'qme Itguntwr 
attdierint aliquid contraditi : The feme Temper muft be' 
found in every Reader of Scripture, he muft not b6 at 
aft|ind, and require an anfwer to every objection that i% 
made againft them. For as the Philofopher tells us, that 
iriad and fantaftical men are very apprehenfive of all 
outward accidents, becaufe their foul is inwardly empty 
and unfiimiflied of any thing of worth, which might 
hold the inward attention of their Minds.* Sowlien we 
are lb eafily doz^d and amaicd with eveiy Sophifm, iC 
is a certain Argument of great defeft of inward FUr- 
triture and Worth, which fhould, as it were ballance' 
. the Mind, and keep it upright againft all outward oc- 
currentt whatfoever. And be it that many times, the 
means to open fiich doubts be not at hand, yet as St. jiu* 
y?/« ftmetimes fpake unto his Scholar Licentiusj concern* 
ing (iich Advice and Counfel as he had given him, Noh 
i^ casijas ratimefque rimari^ qua efiamji tcddi foffint^ fidd 
tamefty qua mihi credis nm eas dehco ; So much more muft 
Ave thus relblveof thoieleflbns which God teacheth usj 
the realons and grounds of them, though they might be 
given, yet it fits not that Credit and Truft wliich we 
owe him, once to fearch into, or call in queftion* And fo I 
come to the thii-d general* Pftrr, the danger di Wrefting of 
So^pturc^ ' in thif laft Wotdi, wu9 thm <^n D.imnaticn, 

' C 


X 8 Jihia rf bard PUce/ 

The reward of every Sm is DeatL As the Wbna 
eats out the Heart of the Plant that bred it» S> wbatioe* 
ver is done amifi naturally, works no other end but de- 
ilrudtion of him that doth it. As this b true in general, 
id is it as true, that when the Scripture doth predleljr 
note out unto qs iome Sin, and threatens Death unto 
it, it is commonly an Argument, that there bmoredian 
ordinary, that there is (bme efpecial Sb, which (hall draw 
with it fbme efpecial Punifhment. This Sin of wrefting 
of Scripture in the eye of (bme of the Andents, ieemea 
16 ugly, that they have ranged it in the &mt R^uik 

with the Sin againft the Holy Ghoft. And 
ifidcrm PeJu" therefore have they pronounced it aSin^ 
fi^^^* pfi^or a'jy^rJijaif^ greater than can be 

pardoned. For the moll: part of other 
Sins, are fins of Infirmity or Simplicity, but this is a 
Sjn of Wit and Strength, the Man that doth it, doth it 
With a high hand ; he knows, and fees, and refolves 
u^n it. Again, Scripture is the voice of God, and it 
is confcil by all, that the Senfc is Scripture, rather than 
the words. It cannot therefore be avoided, but he that 
wilfully ftrlves to fallen fome fenfe of his own upon it, 
other than the very nature of the place will bear, muft 
needs take upon him the Perlon of God, and become a 
new inditer of Scripture : and all that applaud and 
give confent unto any fiich, in effeft cry the fiime that 
the People did to Herod^ TIjs voice if Gody and not of Man. 
If he theii that abafcs the Princes Coin deferves to die, 
what is his Defert, that inftead of the tried Silver of 
God*3 Word, ftamps the Name and ChanuSler of God 

upon Nc'/jifhtan, upon baie, brazen 
2 Pet. 1. 2b. ftuff of his own? Thirdly, No Serifs 

Hire K (f frwate hiterfretafion^ faith the 
Apoftle. There can therefore be but two certain^ and 
iomliible interpreters of Scripture ; either it felf, or the 
holy Gnoft the Author of it. It fclf doth then expound 


Ahuj^s df hard Places (f'Scriptmi?' Fg 

k filf, when the Words and Oircuinftances, do V(kmi unto" 
tfs the prime, and natural, and pnndp^l Sepce.. ' Buif 
when the plaqe is pbfcure, livolved, and intricatb; of 
when there-is' cdiitsuried , Ibmcf fecrct and Jiia^ea'Myftfi- 
ly , beyond the prime Senfe ; infallibly to iheW us this> 
there dtti be no Interpreter but the; Heljr-Ghoft tJiAt'gave 
it Befides thcle /ir^, all other Interpretation is private, 
Wherefore as the Lords qf thcf Philiftines fometipiesiai<f 
of the Kine that drew the Afk ijttto Jkfhfbemejhy' If thef 
go (f thenfihesy then is. this fi-o^ d(fd j hut if they go' dm" 
ther ivayy then is it net from GoJ, it isfime Chance that hath 
happened unto us: {b may tC be '^id' of afl pretended 
Setice of Serrpture. If Scripture come unto it of it feUv 
Aen is it of God : But ff it/go another way, of if it 
be violently urged or goaded ©n, then is it but a mat- 
ter of Qiance, of Mans Wit and Invention* As for 
thofe marvellous difcourfes of ibme, framed upon Prc^ 
fumption of the 5f»ri» help- in private, in judging of 
JDterpretiqg of diffictilt places or Scripture, I muft needs 
confeii^ I have often wondred at the boldness of them. 
The Spirit is a Atng of dark and fecrct Operation, the 
manner of it none can defcry. As Undenhiner$ aiie 
never feen till they have wrought their Ptrrpofe, fo the 
Spirit 'is never perceived but by its Eftefts. The effedh 
w the Spirit fas fer as they concern knowledg and in- 
ftni6lion) are tiot particular Information for refolution 
in any doubtfal cafe ffor this were plainly revelation) 
but, as the Angel which was fent unto Comtlim informs 
him not J but fends him to*P«fipr to School: So the Sjnrit 
Iteachesnot, but ftirs up in us'a defire to learn ; ddine 
to learn makes us thiril after the Means, and pious Se^ 
dulity and Carefolnefs makes us watchful in the choiCef, 
and diligent in the ufe o£ bur means! The promife to 
die Apoftfes o^ the Spirit which fliould lead them into 
all truth was made good unto them by private and fe-. 
cret informing their Uirferftandings, with the Know- 

C % ^ ledgj 

'^^Q :^^^f of^^h^d^ Places ijf Spr^f^ 

OCifer cntr^ into the. (^sfcck o( any inaiL [fl^c fyot^ 

ncr/ ^r, what w^ wf juf m Vf c7^.}?tkRJ^ t^, h^aitfii 
fer our inf|3rvi<^ioa have they; written iathfir Bqob( 
To\us,^» hfprm^tioj^ pt^erwife ti^p, quj;. of tb^ 

Bpofe, ^^e;5j%{t (mh m. W W.t^- 4w» wgencjT 
rMcszjxmt. it irtfylqii m; kpowkdgLof anyKp9««fif 
Faith,, out tends hin^ tq^ ttjif/Caurdi^ ai}^ to dje S^ijh 
tures* "V^hen it, ftiis l^iQup tp newpd; oC.Li^ i^ ex* 
hibits not uato him an Ipver^ his f^^ as bi|l|ertgt 
wfaiowaj WeitW knffiv^^^ifl the. La«\ 

or N^tyrd^; o£ whkn i)a.f9a]i(Caabe ignorant^ or ien^ 
Urtx to>ara t^m Jiiquih .qi(, ^5*' Twpbp»4 

More, tj^ap tjus, in theqriHqaQr Prc)cqp^g5\Or the hc>i 
ly Sg^it, in.jflatter oif.Ji^fcyflion^ I yet could ncvei; 
^ei^Jr r .^:that tp Ipcalfi qt% help qf tlie ^/iri^ in pri^ 
vafe, eithef! in dijudicatiqg^.o): i^ intprpiietiijg qf ^ijgn 
Uire, is^ tQ jfieak they kno^^^not what ; \Yhicb I dq tbQ 
rathernote; firft, becau^by experience. we bfvp learnt^ 
how apt men are to call their private Oinceits tiie Set- 
lit: and again, becaule it is, the efpec^d errour, Mt^itj^ 
which S. Ai^ftin bng aga charged this-kjqd of m^: 
Hanto fimt ad fedtHtmem facilimsy quatuofibf vid^^. j!^'^- 
w excelkre : by fb much the more prqge a^e th^yjtp, 
kiiidle Schifm and Conteption in the Chinch, by hplft 
much diey feem to themfelv^ to beendliied with. a mqrjd 
eminent meafiire of Spirit fhan their Brethren j whilfti 

yi/ fpeaks) «»^ frctemctcf Jbuerfr^tatim^. fbe;^ violau/y*, 
broach their own Ctmceits. Gfeat th^n is, dio danger in* 
which they wade, wWcljtaJcexipontliem this bu^^ 
Interpretation. Temerita^afirfnd^ tf^ccrt^, duf^ifque ofin^ : 
nisj laith St. /^///?i«, difficiic' facrilegii cripic^ evstat s the; 
raihnefi of thofe that aver uaccrtain apd doubtful inter- 

• prctations, for Catholick ap4 Abfolute, can -liafdly dcap 
■ the fm or Sucrile^re. ' -, ' Bu 


k thfe AfftrtiStftfl feMy t^fere' d\i^ ? • All wtffe V^^^^ St 

ngerw tUMf leiKT is: tw^ jaf 


jfi^tefe 'ae$/ Ai^ffefte'd'Rfoof ^ife^^tike unto a^ fiiboWd 
y^mii& jUfc ii#^? doth l^Ip^©'^m*tfch whilft>it ' i^ {ire^' 
ftnibd t6 li'c ftroj^g^ ^ it d<5th liSrt when k is rHfcc^er-^ 
*l tb be 'ti^^kk:- St/i^^iAii'lSisBooksi ife Gen^,aJ 
merAn, ^feafcly! fepmVes fftSife^Ghraiansi- wfio bttt of ' 
feme'' ^Ik^Apl^iifc^t mrfeftfdiSfftood, ' framed to ttiefti- 
Ifekts a Wna-^ ittft^ledg in Affibitomy dbd Ph]^fi6l6-' 
^y,' quil»tdM»a?y; unto fenWS'^paft of HeatKen Learn-* 
iS'lJ b fey kmdi' ^hkh ^6re true atid evident unto ' 
' Sei«g. 'A iiSirt 'would thiftfe thiattKis were but a ffnall 
rf^oi*, ahSyeDh^doubftti&t^idcifl it, /«?y^ nimis pernio 
ciffirfU & fhaxltJK (faveHSinh. :trt&'real5n warrants the 
rimhdn^fs' of bis reprdof ; for Ke charges" fiich to hav6 
bfe6nr af Scanddl Uhto the Word* and hinderers of the Con- 
veffidhoffonfe Heathen Men that were Schokrs; ¥ir, 
hom^ j&ith hc;^ fiyall they bdieve oicr "Bookj of Scripiure^ per^ 
fitaiif^ the l^unteBim of the tyhad,; the IQngdofn of Hear 
tfaf, and the refttf the myjieries ^ dm Brofejfim^' ^^ )%' 

C 3 find 

^ I 

%^ jibifis (f hard ttms if S^i/Hire. 

•deniable demmftnuion ? Yea, ihcHJg^ ibc Caufe Wc main- 
Ruo be ncv/er fo good, yet the iffue of Meas'd and 
Crafie Proofs, brought to inainiain it, iwft needs be the 
fame. - Formto all Caufes, be they, oevcr fo good; 
weakneiS of proof, when it is difeovered, brings great 
preiuriiG^ bi^ unto the Caufe of Rdigion moft of 
all- ^^t. Aufiin pbfervody thatthefc were <omc, fit aim 
'^ ydi^uibfisj ^td foiffum nomen frtfiiemur glifudxrimmU 
vehfalfrfinup'/fj itel vers fofiserii ^ i^^j fi^^"^^ ^^ 
kitm^^uf de, onmibm Iac yrcda^tm. (t £ues no otherwife 
with Religion Jt felf, tWftdoth.with.tba P»rf^^ of 
jt: Div^Vs^^ Maiignants. thcwj are, wfeo' liajb wait tc^ 
f£m where our Rea£ais onwhic^ we biiHd arc Weak^ 
and having deprel^nded it iq (binei will eamefUjr fpUdc, 
the World to believe that all arc lo, . if., njeans were 
niade to bring it to light: m «# w wt* i' <A'>/**^ ^^ 
i^> tp^FTW) 4tM' of mi ijfUTtf^f mAi^iii wiwf fl»fiM-i 
fr]i(, as U^Kjm^fn ipeaks: uiii^ for advantage agakift: 
us no ftrength of their own, but the vice and imbedl* 
iity of our defence. The book of the Revelation is a 
Boc^ full of Wonder anc) Myfteiy ; the Ancients feem 
to have made a ReUgion to meddle with it) and thought, 
it much better to admire with filence, then to advemvtre. 
to expound it : and therefore amongft their labours in^ 
expohtion of Scriptifrc, fcarcely is there any one found 
that hath touched it. But our Age hath taken better 
heart. And fcarcely any one is tticre, who badi enter- 
tained a good conceit of his own abilki^ but he hath- 
t^ken that Book as a fit Argutnent xo ipend his p^ns on* 
That the Church of t($me hath great caufe to (Upe£t her 
fclf, to fear left fhe hav^ a great part in the Prophefies 
ill that Book, I thihk the moft partial wM notdoijfes. 
Yet unto thf Expofkors of it, I will give this advice, 
fhat they look that that befall not them, which Tbucidi^ 

fiff o^rrvip^ |o bef^ the $^np<H) iqft of men : who 


> Alujis (f bard f laces of Serif tmre. 15, 

though they have good means to acquit thcmfelves like 
men, yet when they think their befl: hopes fail them, 
and begin to delpair of their ftrength, comfort them- , 
felves with Interpretations of certain dark and oblcure 
Prophcfies. Many plain Texts of Scripture are very 
pregnant, and of lufficient ftrength to overthrow the 
Points maintained by that Churdi againll us. If we^ 
leave theie, and ground our felves upon our private eX- 

^ portions of this Book^ we (hall juftly feem in the p >- 
verty of better prpofe, to reft our felves upon thofe 
Prophefies; whicfa^ though in themfelvcs they are moft 
certain, yet our expofitions of them muft ( except God 
^ve yet farther light unto his Church ) neceflarily be 
mixt with much mcertainty, as being at thebeft'but 
unprpbable conjedhires of our own. ' Scarcely can there 
be found a thing more harmful to Religion, then to 
vent thus our own conceits, and obtrude them upon 
the World for neceflary and abfelute. The Phyfici- 
ans dcill, as I conceive of it, ftands as much in Of)inion, 
as any that I know whatfcever ; ytt their greateft Ma- 
fter Hippocrates tells them dire£);ly, oitin; yif fo^A/^ i^ 
inrt^i ^c. Then the Pliyjicians Prejumption upon Opinion^ 
there is not one thing that brings either more blame to him^ 
filfj wv Jdnger to his Patient. If it be thus in an art, 
which Opinion taken away, muft needs fall ; how little 
room then muft Opinion have m that knowledg, whf-re 
nothing can have place but what is of Ecemal truth, 
where if once we admit of Opinion, all is overthrown ^ 
But I conclude this point, adding only this generahadmo- 
nition. That we be not too peremptory in our pofiti- 
ons, where exprcfi Texts of Scripture rails us; that we 
lay not our own coUedi<Mis and conclufions with too 
much precipitancy. For experience hath (hewed us^ 
that the error and weakneis of them being afterwards. 

• diicovered, bringi great diM^^^uitage to Chriftiantty, 
and tfodok to the Church. The Eaftem Chuxxrh be- 

C 4 fore 

%4 Ahtfis of hard Places ^Saiftwr^. 

before St.Safils tkne, had entertamed generally a ooa^ 

ceir, that thofe Greek Particles, «#, <»>, M, and the 

reft, were fo divided among the Trinity, that each .o£ 

the Perfons had his Particle, which was no way applia- 

ble to the reft. St. Bafil Wing difcovered this ft) be 

but a nicenels and needlefs curiofity, beginning to teadb, 

lo , railed in the Church fiich a Tumult , . that he 

brought upon himfelfa great labour of writing manjr 

Tradjts in Apology for himfelf, with much ado, cVe 

matters could again be fetled. The feult of this was 

not in BajH^ who Religioufly fearing what by way of 

qonfequence might eufuc upon an Error, ta^ight a Truth j 

but in the Church, who formerly had widi too much 

faciliiy adna^itted a Conclufion (o juftly (ubjefl ,to excepr 

tion. .' And let this fuflScefor our third part 

. Now Dc'caufe it i$ appareotj that the end of this our 

Apoftles 'Admonition is to glye the Church a Caveat ha^ff 

iht behave her jfelf in handling of Scripture, gi^^c me 

leave a.little, ihftqad of the ufe of (iich DoiStrines as I 

have formerly. laid down, to {he\y you, as far as my 

conceit can ftretgh, what courfe any man may take to 

lave Himfi^lf from offering violcqce unto Scripcure, 

and reafonably fettle hlnafelt, any pretended obfcurity of 

the Texp whatfoever tnotwitbftanding. For which 

purpqfe, the diligent obfervjngof two .Rules ftiall be 

thi'oughly available ; Firft, The Uttetal, plain^ and vncon* 

troverfahie meaning of Scriffurej without ar^ addition or 

Jtfpply ^ fv^ of interfretationy is that alone which for ground 

of Faith we are ttecejfarify bound to accept j except it be there 

n^here the Holy Ghoji hiiUfeif treads us out another w^. I 

take not this to be any particular conceit of min^ but 

that unto which oUr Church fliands neceffiirily bound. 

When we receded from tlae Church of £(snm^ one too- 

tive was, becaufe Ihe added unto Scripture her Glotfes 

as Canonical^ to fiipply what the plain Text of Saipturp 

ipuld not yield. It b place of hers, yr? fct up our 




pffnn0aBts, jii?x^pi;4^ i^pfdmgn^. but -to ^ 

gJwHRmi^j % irffl»444«»^ f»B4 -irw^ii^. >t(bi(|| 

99^Jffl?fim5W«y«rifHS»JP«R«»fW « 

^y^ but piiijsr to, tbple vbp vcrp'-W^ddly eoidooaa, 
4)9t; tbeir' ■ Po^qns.. iy«ir^ Q9C <{u^i«Mly grabiidei 
Wlup, CsB^iml C<iKMN^ kvthft :d%ysr«if-! ow! Grani4» 


ienfe; itwasathi^lo diftaftefiil unto die Chutdi of 
tfgmi^ dtat he was forced to 6nd out many fliifts and 
tnakemany Apologies for himfelE The truth h^ f as ic 
win appear to.hisai. that reads his Writings} tli^ ffidc- 
ing ciofe to die litend (cnie was that alone, which made 
himto(hake o^ many of thole Tenets, upon wUdi 
the Churdi of /(pmf .and the Reformed Churches diQer, 
But when the importqnity of the Reformers, and the 
great credit of C^/dia^s Writings in duit kind, had fof*' 
ced the Divmesrof Kfme to level their InterpretatittiB W 
die &me line : when they &w that ho pair^ no iubtnr 
ty of wk was ftfong enough to ddtat the liieriil'IfeyfJ 
defice of Scripture, it dravre diem/on diofe ddp<*rate 
(he^lves, <^ which atdiis da^ they ftick, to call in'^e^ 
ftibn, as far as they durftj the cteditof the Hdnreml^iati 
and oount^n^de againfl: it a corrupt tifmifktbn ; to 'add 
•Traditions unto Scripture, and to thake the Chuhiies 
iiiterpretatlonj 'fo pretended^ ttt^bekodve exoepcbn. As 
for that Reftriftion whidi is t<ffialhradded to thil'-Rhdei 
that theliteral fenfe is tbberaken,^ ff wi aWiirdity foflowj 
diough I ackno^td|g it to be feund and good^ ydl 
my sSvice is, that wi«nt«frtain it?>>Mly. St. B4^thci^^ 
the precept of ChiifttO thcrich man in theGo^l,- (» 
fM fll $bM thoti^^hi^j mi give ui^^ iW, to be fpSken 
as a Commarid '^miyferfally and^et^frtially binding- all 
Chriftians wither* exoepdon. Andmakmg this Ot^e- 
ifllon, howpoflSbly fifch aKfecould be araongft'Ctepl* 
ftians, fince where all are fellers,' hone could be biiyertfl 
fjm l^JirA 444 (iaith h^jw Jkif^ttti^ v^ Ji^itvnmf ^^$af* 
fiiwfy dec. Ast{^ <nof me the Jinfe of my Ijfrds CemmdnJsl 
He that gave the LM0^ can fTcvide to give it fofftbility if 
heif^ k^ without mvf idjfisrdity at dlL Which fpeech How^ 
foevcr we may fuppoft the occafion of it to be miftaked, 
yet it is of excellent ufe to rcpi;c6 our boldnefi, whereby 
many times, under pretence dF fom'e inconvenience, we 
hinder Scripture from that latitude Of fenfe, of whkh it 

. is 

Ah^es 9f hard Places ffScriftate. %f 

h naturally capable. You know the ftory of the l^mum 
Captain in Gellmsymd what he told the ^ipwright^that 
^ chafe rather to interpret, then to execute his Lords 
command ; Comai^i at que diffUvi mne imperanHs effieium^ 
p ^if adii^ifaeere jujfus efi mn ebfiquio detnte^ fid 
eeiifiio mn d^Merato reffondtat. It will^ <«rtainty in the 
end prove iafer for us to entcmSti- GodV Command;^ 
mentS| elifefno deHtOf than to interpfa: them acumimiiuiit 
defideKofo; llioie Other ways of interpretarion, whether 
it bet^ allegorifing, or alltifion, or whatl6ever the beift 
that;pui be ^d ofr them, is diac wfaidi StB^^hatb 
pronounced, *( xtxpfivl^V^W jm Wr A.(;#r imt^^fiifiii 
d?i»9n Ji ttfOi i ^f^M^fikf • fVe acceuM rfthem Of eftriH 
etegamand witty ^eeehes^ but me refi^ H aceeptef tbem^ -m 
tfw$do$Ated Trutbsi And though of idme pai^ of tbd^ 
thatmajr be f faid wfaidione fiid of his 
own work, ^md sd^afim lufi^ quedad Mfifuiummi^' 
molefiiam laberofn^ in relpeS; of any 
profit oDmes by ihem^ they are but (port ; bilt in re- 
iSpt& of the pains taken in making of them^ they are 
labour and travel: yet modi of them is of excellent ufe 
in private^ either p raifeeur AfeSlions, or to ^lendour 
Medit^tbns, or.fioitbewith modefty) to pra^ie our 
Qifts of Wit to the honour of him that gave them: For 
if we abfolutely condemn theie intsrpieatio^ then mud: 
we condemn a ipneat part of Andqui^, who are very 
much conver&nt in this kind of interpreting. For the 
Qiofl partial for Antiquity cannot chute but lee and con- 
fefithus much, that for the literal lentfe the Int c r p iftcii 
of our own times, becaufe of dieir skill m-dbe Original 
Languages, their care of pre£^ the circumftanoesand 
coherence of the T^xt j cf compamg like plaoes of 
Scripture with like, have giener^y Itnpafi'd the heft of 
the Ancients. Which I Tpe^ no( to di£oumenanoe 
Antiquity, but that all Ages, all Feiibnsmay havetlieir 
duCf And Ij^ this fiifi^ &r our fi]^ Rule. 



Hie J90ifh^hifis on tbdr CommAits on S criptm^ ' 
1o oft as'tfaey met wkh fasAl amiifatricaie Texm^ i(MX^)f 
which they xouU fiot wreft t hc m feh ies^ -were wcM cd 
ihut optheir difipui^ whh this, Elm cam beftkfiUj^fit^i 
iiftia^ EUas (hall ahTwer this doiibt wfaeh he to^fe& Nat 
die Tmbv onlyi, hift'die Learned CfariAkm df tdd Aj^ 
baye ibimd soiu^ things in Soriptnre, v/tich yet exptsSt 
Mlias. For befi^ ihofe Texts ofScriptim, wfaidi b9 
lea^ of ^ hkUe^ Wiflom, aixl^epn 

^^Scofk and Myftery kid u^ih tfaem^ aire not yet ddiif* 
fl^vedy &ei^ ai"^ bSsrijpQkre of thk^that to! ^^#i^ 
^v^ \/««^S^ ^<MiAM^^^ mtfkt^kf^ 0arfpi^ fifMmti 

wbidi brings infinite c^fcimty tathe Tiax : ^ there iitt^ i 
uy^ in Scripture ttibre of tisecbi ihao in any wi^eihg 
£it I know^Secular dr EiTmc^U ^mi$Ln n^ td^leftle 
cor Selves till ^dil&de things An Mfir^«i let Qs tOLS 
heed left the like be fikl to ili^wl^ 
of .the G^ntiks^ >vfao reRi(^ allOb^dd^ 

jkknia (Hmtfikn^ ^ i^itm fiuamr fltefide. The Aif^' 
f^H$ ki 4them^ ^hen th^y weretr(nd5l)^ In a dotibtRii 
oUe, in which tHejfdfaiA not pioceed to Saracen were 
w<»lt0M«^ mdie?si0ngigmm digeti^y nso poit it off eili a^ 
day of hearing iKbr fmne. huhdted yciam afc^riy a^mdih^ 
iigf this cieafns the j^trdSer beir^ ifitpofttiEned witb the" 
Sdk. Ti^quietour-felveskA^doubt^ Jtwittbfeodf 
h(&,^z^ in . dti^ni'ikgifinmk dtfffne^ t6 f>ik tltein tc)^ 
1^ day cf bfaaiii^ sto* off^ etre^ till that gres^ day,^ 
ttUGMft oitir trde Etiirs fli^0(!)taKf/ >Krhb at hjs coliitng 
ft^iaiwe!r'iAdar-d)iibt^ acnd&t^^U our ^aVeriiigs; 
Meaau^hile, tillrotirijiiriir coicne^ let us makeufe of this- 

mtd^mmc4te taoamngy ii isfi^ei^ if 0e H^ligiouJ^ i^i^e 
MflJafkpfttMpraniiwj^^ t^thJe tkbd^dnm o/S.Avt!'' 
iUn> NeturamfarMi ii0n/»mt$ fivd defirumief, fid m*- 

^Am£uj^ hfiti Bkces efSmfniire. %^ 

^di^y ^(b one, fatis eft iUi quodChnfius itOelSgMt. T^ 
^x4f^X^^d bdong$ to Qirift, the Author of our Fakh4 
|tp u^is &£Bcient the Gloiy of Believing: WkereftM 
we ^e tQ advile, liot io mudf how to attam untotjiii 
UnflerfHnding of the Myfterios of SicrijpitQrCy as how ^it 
^^ £t9; u& to iCany, our telvtsp whea . eidier the dMScid^ 
tfj0(:ti^ Test, or^v^ariety of Opinions flnll diftraA <vk 
h^^^ fixdft Genml Council^ Homrm Bifijop of J<«m# if 
^oddmli^ed for a Momtkfiu* Two Epiftles there aML 
c^f'^^ v^hidiare pipducedtaghree^idcnoe agunft hkiH 
FpFjthe-firft,. I, have, nothing to.fa]^. For die feo^ndi 
(jl^ipf^ wkbruhinii[&^ notwkb^ 

flaadiog d>e (harp propeeding of tfaeCouhcit againft htmi 
I yei%. fuppofe that he gifes unto the Church the b^ 
Cojuni^l that ever, yet was . givet^ for the ledkig'of dot^ii^ 
s^djfioal decifoi;icofrQc>ntEOveriie. For that which 'h«i 
tfH^esJni that Eptftle, at leaftia tboie parts of it, whieh 
t}^t^ art h;oughB,. loun^s to no other purpele but tki% 
Tiaa^whenasfhera fMslaUtfyra^ddn- theiChinreb d Ccmr9^ 
"^f^xwf^mit^.pbp Umili^ (irVmty rf mUs in-Chnit y Jbw^ 
pbftt^ hiftctta m$bmgJn tbs. Church trnKitnittg^^M^r fitrt hoik 
tmi exfrfifi/tai/ghtf his Cwfel mas^ That nun .wtmldrdf iter 
€p^^dnA$y fhc» to bf turiom tofiwr^fw a^fitmimnf 
thfiir, dftuktn^s ; ^ aitd,fi^ alfiam^ fiom U4chi$^,^D9Ehrm4lly <f^ 
ih^.fart% and voutent tbe^nfibfes mtb that <xpiefi me/^iirWi 
0f[ Faitky . with, tohich^the Church hath* hitheiPtoreft'fdfatisfMk. 
Ty^ to ray conceit is the drift of his Epi (Ue.- Ho'vi^ 
daisi adviccc^ the BiH^uopswas appliajbi^ of how itfictedi 
^ ^ydtion theq in/controvei^ } or w](m * reafefi mQ<* 
^ v§d the Council to thinks that it was abjlblutely neeefia* 
ry. foiithcna, to giv€ an expre(s d£ciiioa, and determinQ 
for throne parr, belongs not tome to<liR:ufe Biitlve-* 
rily periwade my lelf, that if it had pleaied 'th<^ who 
in all Ag^ have been fet to Govern the Church of God,* 
betimes to have^made uTe 4;>f 4his aclvice^ to* have taught. 


}0 jAffes 9f bardPliices of Scrifiure. 

Men mfaer not to have doubted, than to have cx^ 
feOtcd ftitl iolution of their doublings : to have flopped 
and daoun*d up the Originals and Springs of contto^^ 
vcrfies, rather than by determining for the one part, to 
l^e them as it werea Pipe and Conduit to convey them 
to Pofterity, I periwade my ieif, the Churdi had not 
fuffered that inundation of Opinions, with which at this 
day it is o^er-run. Is it not St PduPs own Plra^Kce, 
when having brought in a quefBon conoemii^ God's 
JufUce in Predeftination, he gives no odier anftrer but 
this, Offum^ whoiort tbm tbiudiffui^ wiib God} bitnoC 
his plain purpofe to adviie die difputer, rather not to 
make the oueftion, then toreauire a determination of it 
at his lianas? How many of the queftions even of our 
own times, even of thole that are at home amongft u^ 
mig^t by diis way long fince have been determined? 1 
have^ I confefi, the ikme diieafe thgt my firft Parents in 
Paradile had, a deCre to know more then I need. Bat 
I always thoi^ht it a very judkkius commendation, 
which is given to JvUm Agrietda^ Axst he knew how to 
bridled defire in purluit of knowledg, retimitpe^quod 
^ difficillimtm^ ex fiientia tmdum. MiSem quidem (iis 
SLAufiin fiith) eorwn qtke a me qmefiMfli habere fcien^ 
timn^ quam ipmmtum ^ [ed quia id nomium fom^ nu^s 
tUgo cautam igmrmh4an cw^eri^ fum fiifam fciefOuam 
fr^fueru It (mil Well befit our Qiriftian modefty to par- 
ticipate fomewhat of the Scefticki, and to ufe their <^>wr, 
till the fiHfnf4Ay and remaihdor of our knowledge be fiip* 
{>Ued by Chrift: hi quern fi creiinmsj &fiali^ua ndnsnm 
oferiat etiam fulfintibus^ nuUo modo adverfiseum mumuirart 
debeanms. To conclude, St. At^in in his eighteenth E- 
piftle, difcourfing of the fpeedy or flow coming of our 
Saviour to Judgment, to fliew that it is the (afeft way to 
teach neither, but to fulpend our belief, and confefi our 
ignorance, ranging himfelf with men of this temper, Ofr- 
ficro te ( iiith he tQ ib3<^hiHs^ to whom he writes that E- 

' ■ f piftle J 

^Ahfis (fbsti PUoes cfScrifture* ^x 

pflje j dficro le tit me talem turn Jfemas. So ^Ve me 
leave CO commenoediefiine Suit to you: Obfecn vosm 
0c tabm nmJfemanHs, Let melreqoeft 70a to bear with' 
me, if I be fiich a. ooe as I have St. Atfim for ex** 
ample. For k is not* depth <£ Itoowleds;, nor know- 
ledg of Andquiry, or *fliarpQeis of Wit, norAothon 
rity of Gooncels, nor the name of the Churdi, can 
iettle die reftlels conceits, that* po&E: the minds of 
many doubtful Chriftians ; only to ground for Fatth on 
the plain uncdhtroverfible Text ^ Scripture, and Sot 
ifae ral, to expe£); andpray for die coming of our Blm^ 
this {hall compoieour waverings, and give final reft ^ 
unto our iouk 

Thus inftead of a diicouHe which was due uiib diis 
dme,conoemingthe GloriousRefiinedioin of ourBlefled 
Saviour, and ^he benefits that come.unto us by it, I haive 
diverted my lelf upon another Theme^ more neoeffify, 
as I thou^it, for this Auditory, though lefi ameable 
with this Sdemni^. Thoie who have gone mxc me 
in that Aigument have made £> copious a Harveft^ diat 
die ifiue of my gatherings muft needs. have been hut 
imall) except I had with I(iab gleaned out of dieir flbeave^ * 
or i^fnecl my Induftiy wmch is but (mall, and my 
Wits whidi are none^ to have held your attendvenefi 
widi new and quaint conceits. In the mean time^ whe^ 
tfaer it be I or they, or whatipever hath been delivered 
out of diis place, God grant that it niay ,be for his ho 
nour, and for the Churches good, to whom both it ^ 
we are dedicate. 19 God the Father^ (Sc . 



t* .■ .... 

* • 

y n I I m I M l I f^ ' I I !■ ) I 1 1 ^ wi n. j > "ii f i !>■ tnt n ni n-r n ^ j 

i [|M ii inyi 'i'i > f I I I ■ • ■■ I. i \ I II II 1, 1 » n^ 

^«if /litf^ i*)'^4 'iff thtEiitIi receive, kunata 

I > , t • ■ f 

\^ ie-fi hmt fijtd^tKiti; ihar r IM ik ^ 

dai hem fe«^ (^fm fi I. think,! nutf htlttW f^iaK s 
* ' ' tomi^^ ntf n/ai&4hisififffis(im 'idth quite cut 

J88K i'iirf'i . - hfiTi' hii m^ifdj: ik "^thii fHny; tha- 

.Q?fi*^ ; d^h'mfekn \ JnMttm of gt^a^ antfM^ 

- AuMtmet^ rieavi p'thojif^bl^' better 0i' 
^Mimmi l&fiitmh^ are Adm^^ttonerruMdfhetH' hf phi. 
' grearG60d: ttief k'an'doy ef ctberwifi thifft^(^t^''^ui4t Af^' 
fhttfe: tHAonfyfe^baoe tevertni^eaJ^iedthat'of^hUit*: 
rwni Mfel fliffitit ciito AbdStor^ & Lemons paiipef-sculo- 
iiif Angulo *?toh^ft6tfi.Mirrtl-ef, A'JmaU; dpvdti^' a W^. 
ti^eil Auditory; bhtter 'accords beth with'tr^^Vm 'an^'ti^'kbi^ 
lt(ih: Ithfi imtp mfiDlfcritim thymniHirebf M^flati/ 
iJ^C(ftf^ifiedi^~omhi'i0hjatfy^^ be cm^efiH^ fimejfoucme 1n^^ 
t^^tifp^A-j Itdykideyou thofi' wl» cm be' heXtdifcr the 
fjt^teSt'ifihi/mecirGfinfi'ahce^ bom^'fobr fiH)erit'ma;feeirk\ 
to be^ i> no lefs than to offend dgdin/i tia^^^^ 
eth by hearing ^ and to frustrate' ^ tnud^ ^ in them Hi 
that end fir which alone thefi meetings mere ordained* We 
that come to this flace^ as God came ^a£liasi» the Mount^ in 
d^J^^ottdftsJlVoiceyAa. tb(fi^tfib$ch-:-arenesa u^ 4r# tha^ 
which the grace of God doth make usy unto the reft i»e ate bui 
Statues : fuch therefore as mjt ImferfeBion in this kind /hall 
ejfMd-^-fucb at this daj are rtvf S^^^atort onfy^ kpow^ ^ ^^ifi 

bf deaidng with Erring, Cbrifiitms; ^ ^ 

fir/jom they are to blame. At pty hands is onljf required 
thitb^Jn fincerely dijcharffng a common Care^ op others^ core' 
If frifitaUy delivering a common Truth, As for me^ the end 
of whofe comings is ia exhort yoii to a gracious interpreting 
tf each others ImperfaHidns^ having firjl fremijed this Afolo^ 
:gy fir ntf felf^ it is noip time to defcend to the Exfofition tf 
that Scripture^ 0hich I have proposd^ Infirmura in Fide re* 
tipite, e^c. Him ihat is weak in the Faitli^ receive, tSc, 

GOodnefs^ of all the Attributes, by Which a tiiari 
may be ftiled, hath chief Place and Soveraignty j 
Goo(bufi^ I fey^ not that MefApljyfical Conceit wliich WrC 
difpute of m our Schools, and is nothing elfe but that 
FerfkSion which is inwardly due unto the Being of e\'e- 
ry Creature, and without which, cither it is not at all, 
or but in part, that whofe name it Bear^ ; but that 
which the compioii fort of men do ulually undjrftand, 
when they call a man Good ; by which is meant nothing 
clfe, but ^y^p )^ /M«^jjJ^ w9^, a fift, and fwice\ and, 
flexible Dijpojitiim. For all other Exxellencies afid -fewi- 
nent J^alities wbrch raife ia the minds of men /ome 
Opinion and Conceit of u^i may odcafioh peradventurc 
lome ftrong refpe6l in another kind ; but Imprejfion of 
Love and true J^lpcfi^ nothing can give but this : Greai* 
fufs of Place and ^Authority rhay make us fear d, Dept > 
of Learning admir'd, Abundance of fPcdhh ma/ make 
men outwardly obfequious unto iis ; but that Vhicb 
makes one man a Cod unto another, that which ^th tie 
the Souls of men unto us j that which like the Eye tf the 
Sridegfoomy in the Book oi Canticles^ ravijhes the Hear i of 
him that looi$ upon it^ h Goodneji: Without tl^, Man- 
l^nd were but (as one ^)eaks) Commifmes mer^; (3 aren i . 
fine calcOf Stones hcapt tog^thef without Mortar, or* 
pteees of Boards withdiit ahy Cemerit to hand and tie 
thcnt together : For this it hath fingular in ir^ abo/;j 
Mil tlttK»r Pfap^fii^i of which our Nature k eapabi .^ 

e th c . 

that it is^the moft avaiUMe to Huntane Societ^f^ incorpora* 
ting, ^d as It were heading us together by foftncfi of 
Dilpofition, by being compallionate, by gladly coniixiu- 
nJcating to the NeceJJtt^ of others, by tran^fing our 
fclves into odiers, and receivrng from others into our 
fclves. All other ^mlities^ how excellent fcever rficy 
are, feem to be iomcwhat of a melancholicl^ and iblitafy 
Di4)olition : ITiey fliine then brighteft, when they zrcr 
in ibme one alone, or ^ttain'd unto by few ; once 
make them common, and they lofe their Luftre ; But 
Goodnefi is more (bciable, and rejoyceth in equalfing 
others unto it felf, and lofes its Nature, when it ceafes 
to be cmimtmicabk. The Heathens (peaking of God, 
ufually ftile him by two Attributes, Oftimus & Maximus^ 
the one importing his Goodnefs^ the other his Poa^ 
tr. In the firft place they call'd him Oftimw^ a Name 
fignifying his Goodnefi^ giv^2 ^^^ Precedency un- 
to it 'y and in the fecond place Maxintm^ a Name beto- 
kening his Power , yeg, Goodnefij is that wherein God 
himfelf doth moft delight himfelf j and therefore all the 
^Eis of our Saviour^ while he converfed on Earth a« 
mong men, were purely the Iflues of his Tendemefs^ with- 
out any A^erfion of Severity, two only excepted : I 
mean his chajing the Prophaners out of the Temflcy and 
the Curfi laid upon the innocent Fig-tree j and yet in both 
thcfe, A^rcy rejoyced agamft Judgment, and his Goodnefi 
had the Preheminence. For the firft brought fome 
(mart with it indeed, but no harm at all, as Fathers ufe 
to chiftife their Children by means that fear them, 
more than hurt them. The fecond of it felf was nothing, 
as being pra6tis'd on a Creature dull and fenfelefs c£ all 
Smart and Punifhment; bOt was meerly exemflary for 
us, fterilitas no/ira in ficu vaptdat, Chrift whips our 
Fruitlefiieis in* the innocent Fig-tree ;' like as the manner 
was among the Pcrfumsy when their Great Men had of- 
fended, to cake their Garments and beat them* Now 

' thai! 

Cf dealing with Erring Cbrifti/msl 3 f 

Ithat gracious way of GooJnefs^ which it pleafed our Savi- 
our thus to tread himfelf before us, the fame hatH he 
left behind him to be gone by iis, and hath ordained u^ 
ia courie of ^ligious and Chriftian firvice unto hinij 
jknown by nothing more than Goodnefs and CompaJJlan: 
The very Heathen themfelvcs, though utter Enemiei 
iinto it, h%ye candidly afibrded us this Teflimony. , Ammir 
•dfm MofrceHhm tiixitlg Geargius^ a fa<^ious and proiid 
Bifliop <^ AleJcoubriaj for abufmg the weaknei^ of Con- 
ftantim the Empetx>r, by bafe Tale-bearing, and privy 
Informations, notes prteiiely that he did it, Cblitus po^ 
fejfi&nis fu4ty qua nil nifi juftum Juddef tS lene ; quite be- 
sides the meaning of his Profeffidq^ whole efpecal Nptei 
.were Genflenefs and Equify. An6!^thMian tells us, that 
antiently among the Heathen^ tfie'Profcflbrs of CAr/)?r^- 
W9 were called, not Chriftianii'hut Chrefiiani^ from a 
Word fignifyitig Benignity a"n3 ./!p<?e/w<?/? of Difpofition. 
The Learned ofourtimesy who for our Inftruftion have ^ 
written De UopifEcclefia^ by what Notes and Sighs we 
may knpw the. Church of Chrifi, tmy fcem to have 
but ill forgotten tb&, which thie Heathen Man had 'fo 
dearly difcovered. For what reafon is there, why that 
Ihould not be one of the chiefeft Notes of the Church of 
Cbri^y which did fo .efpeclally Characterifi a Chriftian 
Man, except it were the Decay of it at this day in the 
Church : of this thing therefore, Co excellent in it felf, fo 
ufefoljib principally commended by the Precept andExani- 
ple of our Blefled Saviour ; one elpecial part is, if not the 
"Whole, ^which hereby our -^^/^g/?/^ is commended iintou^> 
when hi (peaks unto us of kindly intreating, and making 
much of fiich, who are, as he calls them, mai in Faith. 
Him that u weak^ in Faith, 8rc. To know the natural 
Grotiiid and Occafion of which Words, it fliall be very 
pertinent to note unto you, that with theV Church of 
Chrift, as it fignifics a Company of Men on Earth, it fari 
, ixo cfthcr-^^ife^ thari it doth with other Sociems^ and Cl- 

- - B X tii 


^6 0/ Jcalitig with Erring Cbrifiiam* 

vll CorM/uims. One thing there is unavoidable, aiid 
xutural to all Societiesi whidi is the greateft Oocafioner; 
yea, the very Ground of Disunion and Diilent, Indean, 
IneqiMlity of Pcrfins and Degrees* All are not of the 
fame Worth, and therefore all cannot carry the ^inie 
Eileen) and Countenance ; yet all, even tlie meaneft, 
are alike impatient of Diicountenaiioe and .Coatempt^ 
be the Perlqns never To great frcin whence it proceeds. 
Wherefore we find that in States governed by the People 
nothing did more exalparate the common iort, than the 
Conceit of b^ing contemned by men of greater place. 
For the taking away therefore of lumuU mA Cmnbufiim^ 
which through this Inequality might ariie, it was anti- 
ently count^ an excellent Policy in the I^mmii State^ 
that men of greater Account and Place, did, as it were, 
Jhare the Inferior fort amongft themfelves, and every one 
according to his ability, entertain'd fome part of them 
as Clients^ to whom they yielded all lawful Favour 
and Prote£lion. Even thus it fares with the Church of 
God, it cannot be, that all in it (hould be of equal 
worth, it is likewile diftinguiflied into Pkbem and Ofti^ 
mates. Some there are, and thoie diat either through 
abundance of Spiritual Graces, or eUe of natural Gim, 
do far out-ftrip a great part of other Cbriflians \ thefe 
are the Oftimates^ the Nobles of the Church, whom our 
ApoiUe fomewhere calls Stror^ men in Cbrift. Others 
there arc, and thofe moft in number, who either be- 
caufe Qod hath not fo liberally bkft them widi Gifts 6£ 
Underftanding and Capacity, or by re^n of fome o- 
ther ImperfedHons, are either not fo deeply skilTd in the 
Myfteries of Chrift, and of Godlinefi, or otherwife 
weak in Manners md Behaviour y and diele are the 
Plehj the Man/ of the Churchy whom our ApofUe fome- 
times calls Brethren of lom degree^ fometimes Babes im 
Chrsfi, and here in my Text the tpeak, andfick. in faitk 
Men, by nature, querulous, and apt to tak^ e^tcepti- 



Of Jeding with Erring CbriJHans. 37 

on^ J^pJfi^v 38 •/ f^^vuTtf imeUf \smij faith EleSra in 
the Tragedy j A Jkk. man n a fettijh^ani wi^wari erea^ 
iure^ bard to be pkafid ; as therefore with the Sick, fo 
ar» we now to deal with a Neigh^our^ weak und fick of 
\mffiri9ual ConftitUtidn, and nmch we are to bear with 
his Frowandncfi, where we cannot remedy it For as 
Vano ibmettsiesipeabof the Laws of Wedlock, Vxvriii 
viHmn out tolkttJum ^^ autferehdum, either a man muft 
amend, or endure the Faults of h^ Wife ; he that a- 
mends them, makes hts tf^tfi the better, but he that pa- 
tiently endures them, makes Hitn/elf the better ; fo is it 
much more trae in dealing with our weak Brethren, if 
we can by our Behaviour remedy their- InbecilUties, we ' 
make them the. better ; if nor, by enduring them 
we fhall make our felves the better ; for fo fliall we en- 
crcafethe Virtue of our Patience, and purchafo to our , 
^Ivesat Gods Hand a more abundant Reward. A^ 
great p5surt of the Luftre of a Chrifiian Mani Venue 
were utterly obfcure, ihould it want this meanoflhew- 
ing it fclf. For were all men fbong, were all of fuf-- 
£cient difcretion to fee and judge of Cmvenien<y^ where 
were the glory of our forbearance? As well therefore 
to increafe the Reward of the fitmig man in Chrift, as 
to flop the li^imii^ and Mitrmuring of the meak^ fort, 
and to give c6ntent at all hands, our Apoftle; like a 
good Tribune in this Text, gives a Rule of ChriJHan Po^ 
fularity^ advifing the mao rf worthier parta, to avoid all 
(Kghting Behaviour j to open che arms of tendernels 
.and compaifion, and to demerit by all courtefie the mm 
of meaner Rank, fo to prevent all Inconvenience, that 
pi%ht arifo out of difilainful and refj:edlels Carriage } 
for God is not like unto mortal Prince-?, jealous of the 
Man whom the People love. In the World, nothing 
IS more dangerous for great men, than the extraordina- * 
ty Favour and Applaufe of the People j many excel- 
lent men have miiearricd by jc. b'or ' Princes^ ftand 

D ? much 

38 or deahug wiA Erring CbfifiUns. 

ipuch in fear, when any of their Sutije^ tkth tho 
Heart of the People. It is one of the' oommondl 
grounds upon which Treafen is raised , Akjakm had the 
Art of it, who by being plaufiUe by anmnifciating die 
Peoples Wrongs, and wifhing the Redrefi; O tfuu g^ 
were a JuJ^e to Jo this Peofle gpod ! by puctii^ out hi$ 
, Hand, aidd embractng, add kiifii^ every one thaccamo 

^h him ; to ftole away the hearts of the People, diat 
he had well n^h put his Father befides his Kingdom. 
But what alters andiando^ the Ktngdotnsrof this Worlds 
that ftrengthens and encreaies the Kingdom dF God j 
jAfahm, the popular Chrifiign^ that bath the Art of win- 
ning mens Souls and niaking himielf beloved of the 
JPcople, is the beft SubjeS: in the Kingdom of Gfaa?,for 
this is that which our Apoftle expreUes m the Phrale of 
Sieceivifi^ the fVeakj^ . 

Now it falls out oftto times, that men o&nd duougk 
S uffemf^ive Comfdjftm ^and tendemefi^as much as by ovei;*. 

much rigidnefi and fevcrity ; as much by familiarity, as 
fcy fiipcrdlioufijefi and' contempt : whciefdre eveta ^ our 
{^ov(^ and Courtefie miifl: be matiaged by difecerion. 
St. .Prfw/ftw this well, and therefore he prefiribes limits 
\Q our AflFc(!Hons ; and having in the former part of my 
Text counfelled us, as Chrift did St jP^/ct-, to let fo*^, 
' (fjT Nets, to make a ttfaught ; to do as ^ofipb did in. 
Bgyjft^ of en our Garners and Store-houfes, that all may 
^mc tp buy, to admit of all, to. exclude none, froni, 
oox Indulgence and Courtefie : in this iecond Part, Bu$ 
fa to doubtful Dijfutatihsj he lets the Bounds how far 
our Love muft reach. As Mofis in the 1 9. of Exodus^ 
ifxs bounds about Mount 5i»4i, forbidding the People, 
(hat they go not up to the Hill, or €ome within the. 
^rdcrs of it j 16 hadx the ApofHe appointed cef^iii 11- 
* our.liove and Favour, within which it ftiall not 
fee lawful for the People to come* Inkrge we the PAy- 
biBerieso£ our* Goodnefi as broad as we lift, give we all 

Ctf de4lif3g mith Erring Chriflians* g^ 

coantemoce ,un(o the meaner (bit, admit we them into 
^11 inw^rdnefi. and familiarijty ; yet unto Diffutations. 
and Contromrfms^ concerning profounder points of Faitk, 
and Religious Myfteries, , the meaner Ibrt may be by no^ 
means adm^fed. Fpr give me l^ave now to take this fi^^ 
the^pieanjag^ of the Words j I kfiow they are v(^ij capable 
of another ftnlef As if the Apoftles Counfel had be^n 
unto us, to entg-taln with all courtefic our w^er Brc-. 
thren,..4nd not over-bufily. to enguire into, orcenfiire 
their lecre^ thoughts and doiixings, but hereto leave 
them t;o \them<elv^s, and to God, who is the Judge of 
thoughts :] I?or many (there are, other wife right. gcx)4 
"'mep, yet ycak in Jud^pient, who have fallen upoa 
fiindry private conceits, (uchas are unneceffary differeth- 
cmg if Meats and Drinks^ 4iftin<9:ion of DajfSj or ( to ex- 
,emplifie my felf in fome conceit of our Times ) fome fior 
gukr Opinions concen>ii)g the ftate of Souls defarted^ 
private interpretations ^f clfcw/fe n^exts oE Scripture^ an^ 
others of the (ame nature; Of thefc or the like thoughts, 
which have taken root in the hearts of men of ihallow 
Capacity, thofe who arjs ^loiie- furely grounded, may 
not preliime theralelve? to be Judges j mr^ny , of thcfe 
things of ^hemielves are barrnle^ ; and indifierent, only 
to him that hath ibme> pr^^judicate Opmion of them, 
they are not fo j and of thcfe things, they who 2^cr 
thus or dbus conceited, (jball be accountable to Qod, 
and not to Man, to hifn alone fliall they.fland.or fall ; 
Wherefore, bear ( iaiiii the jA^ppftle ) with jthefe infir- 
. mities, and Cake not oti you to te the Lords of their 
thoughts, but gently toleriate thefe their un^ece^ry con- 
ceits and ferupuloHties: This though I take to be die 
more natural . meaning of the words, ( for indeed it 
is the main drift of our Apoftles difcourfe in xhis Chap- 
ter j yetchufel rather to- follow the former huerpre- 
tation. Firft, becaufe of the Authority of (undry Leai'n- 
ed huerfr^ters^ . ahd becaijie it is very reauilite that our 

P 4 


4^ Of iedinf with Brrmg Chr^idns. 

age (hould have fomedtine GH unto k concerning tUs 
oyer-bold mtruffon of all iom of men into die difcuflSng 
of doubtful bifpitationsn For Di^icrMM^hoi^ it be an ex*r 
eellent help to bring the truth to light, yet many rimes by 
too much troubling the Waters, it (ufl&rs it to flip away 
unfeen,efpecially with the meaaer ibrt, who cannoc fe ea* 
fily efpy when it is mix'd with So|4uftry and deceit, hfir-- 
mm autem in fide recifite^ but not to Jmififid Uiffumiwu 

This my Text therefore is a Sfirinud t(^imen and 
Diet for thefe who are of a weak and fkUy oonftittnioti 
of mind, and it contains a K^fe for a man of a crafie 
and diieafed Faith., In whidi by that which I have de- 
livered, you may plainly fee there are two general parts. 
Firll, An Admopition of Courteous Entertainment to 
be given to the weaker lort, in the firft ^ords, Him that 
is ttcak^ in the Faithy receive^ &c. Secondly, The re* 
ftraint and bound of this Admonition, how iar it is to 
extend, even unto all Chriftian Offices, excepting only 
the hearing of doubtful Dijfutoiions. In the firft part we 
will confider ; Firft, who thefe weak ones are ot whom 
the Apoftle (peaks, and how many kinds of them there 
be,ana how each of them may be the fubje6i: of a ChrifH% 
an mans goodhefs and courtefte. Secondly,Who thele per* 
fonstire, to whom this Precept of entertaining is given| 
and they are two j either the Private man, or the Pub* 
lick Magiftrate. In the fecond general part we will fee 
what reafbns we may frame to our felves, why thefe 
weak ones (hould not be admitted to queftions and (foubt* 
ful Diffutatims, Which points fcverally, .and by them- 
felves, we Will not handle, but we will fo order them, 
that ftill as we fhall have in order difcover'd fonc kind 
of weak, many whom our Apoftle would have rtcei'ved^^ 
will immediately feek how far forth he hath a right to 
bean Hearer oi Sacred Di(putatk>n, and this as f^r only 
as it concerns a private man : And for an upJhot in the 
end, we will briefly q^nfidci- by It (?lf, whether^ and 


tf Mding With Erring Chri^ims. 41 

ho^ &r tUs preqept c^ hnsting iivith die weak prr^ins. 
to the mta of Fuhlick.fU^9 whether ia the Gburch) or 
in the Gommon-wealdi. And iirft coooemtng the mJi, 
«as he Bfiay be a (iibjeft of Chriftian courtefie in private. . 
And here,becauie that in compari^ of him that is ftrcn^ 
in Chrift, emy man of what eftate £)ever,may be gid- 
to be weak, that fim^ man only excepted, we will in 
the niunber of the we^ contain all perfons wbatloever. 
For I confefi, becai^ I wlb well to all, I am willing 
tint all (hould reap fome benefit by my Text As 
therefore the Wtmum in the Go(pei, who in touduhg 
only thb Bern nfCbt^t Gdrment^ did receive verttie tor 
cure her Difeaie; lb all weak peribns whatibe^er, tfao 
they leem to oome behind, and only toiidithe Hem of 
my Text, may peradventure receive Ibme vertue from 
it to redreis their weaknefi j nay,*asthe JQn^ in $be G^ 
j^/^ that made a Feajiy and willed his Servants to go 
out to the faigh-way-fide, to the blind, and the lame 
and force them in; that his houfe might be full: fa 
what lanie or weak per&n (oever he be, if I find him 
not in my Text, I wiU go out and force him in, that 
the Dodirine of my Text may be fuU, and that the 
goodnefs of a Chriilian man may be like the fKdoms 
<tyi^ in the Book of Kingij that never ceas d rumdi^ fii 
long as there was a veflfel to receive it. Wherefore to 
Ipeak in general, there is no kjnd of n\an, of what life; 
of what profeflion, of what eftate and catting focver^ 
' though he be an Heathen, an Idolater, unto ix^om the 
skirts of Cfariftian oompaifioh do not reach. Sc.Paul is 
my Author, No» wWft ym hmfetime f faith he) dt^ gooi 
tmto 4H men, but ejfeeia^^ u the houfholi tf Faith. The 
koufliold of FViith indeed hath the preheminence ; it 
mufi: be chiefly, but not alone refpe£)bed. The diftii^ 
BCioa that is to be made, is not by excluding any, but 
not participating alike unto all. God did fometimes 
indeed tie his love to the J^mijh Nation only, and gave 

- his 

4a ef^iaOkig miA Brttf Cbr^tims. 

hb'Lvrstothem ttlone: but afterward he cohrged 
hmiielFy and infticuted ao Order of ienrbg him proooiP 
ciloufly, capable of all the world. As therefore our' 
Rdigion K fi}^ muft our Cofupaffian be, Catholick. To 
tie it eidier to Perfons, or to Place, ir but a kind of 
facTsl yuda^ Did opt St P4m{ teach ua thus nxicby 
common teaioii would. .. There muft of nbtidSEty be 
(ome firee Enteroourie widi alt nten, odberwile the paf^ 
iiiges of pid)Uck Commeroe were quke cut ofi^ and the 
ComimnLanrof Nationamuft needs fall In ibme 
dungs \ft -agree, as we are Men» and thus &r the ve« 
xy Heathen themfdves aie to be received* .¥ot the 
goodn^ of a man^ whkh in Soimmms Juc^ment, ex-> 
tendeth eren to a Bcaft, much more muft fti^tch it lelf 
to a mam of the fime nature wkh htm, be his Ganditi* 
on what it will. 6t. Pioi/ rloved the 9^9/, becaufe thef 
were hn Brethren accerdtng to rife jUfio: We diat are of 
the Mtathen by the &nie Analogy^ ot^ht to be as ten- 
derly afiefled to the reft of our Biiethrcn, who though 
thc^ be not-as we are tmt^ ytt now are that which we 
femetimes were. F4c§te ^ ju^jue fr^dm^ ^di St. Aur 
ftTn, mslis odijje.qma tnali fimt ; ramm amcm & fkm -eig^ 
dtm iffos'SHgere^ fun hmuites.Juntj It is an ealie ^biag 
to hate tvil'men^ bccaufe thejr are evil ; but to love them 
as they are ideny this is a mreand a pious thing. The 
O^Boes of common Hoilpitality of helpbg diftreflied Per^ 
ions, feeding the Hungry^ and the like, are tiuenot 
only betwixt Cbriftian and Chriftian, but between a* 
Chriflian and all the world* L^t^ mben the Angels ame 
to Sodom, md fate in the Streets \ Ahahamy when he 
iaw thfree men coming toward him, ftood not to enquire 
who they^vere, but out of the &n£ of common'Huma* 
nity, ran forth and met diem, and gladly entdtainfid. 
diem, notknowlngwhomtfaeyfliould receive. St..Cbo^ 
fifiom conGdering die circumftances of Abr/iham% Fa^, 
ch&t he &te at fa^ Tenr Dooi^ and that in die Ijisat of 


0/ deMlikg^mith Brrit^ ChriJHan^. jf^ 

the <k7, that lie came to meetkhrni, ^iflk, h^ tiitefe- 
fore iate in pnblkic, ^nd bdiirtd the mco^vientence dP 
the heat, evm for tiiii^ purpofe, iliAt- he tnight not Ik 
iQip any occaiibn^1)^ng hoipkaUd ^e Wtitidgs iX 
fhe Fathen, i»cin bipdi in to(ifli«hiidfi(>ii'(^tfae ondett 
jklbBi^; and l(^e ^be^ (lich ^ ithby f^rr^ WeU iM 
they deierve'C^ 4)e Meothmeildlxi ; for Afdr iniaimdr ^W!6 
to fit in the Fi^Vnil by the Hlgb-Wtff^fidefs; For ^iiiii5 
end, that they tdight (fire^ #^dtii^' Baflengi»fs intb 
the way, that tfe<*y*»ghc relive -tia^JthftttxfetedJft"^ 
by want, or bftiHihg bp; bitaking 6f toy M^mbt»^ 
carry them hid^ ^o thw Cells, ^tid peiibrm uht^ 
them all Duties df ^Humanity. Thfe 1^(si well to ttuc 
MS, who affeft a 'kirtd of intempeflf^e 'prudence, anfl 
iinfiifenid>fe'd{fcrtafen'fti perfonning^that Ikde gocJd >wfe 
do^ 'from whdhi fe hardly after long enqiiiiy ^ahd ^tftSfe^- 
ty drops feme fmfiaibeHeW>l^ncc, like the^un in Wlnte^ 
long rVc it rife, 4nd quickly gotie. - H6W tnany dcca- 
fion$ of (jhrfftian Ch&rity do we Jet flip, when we r^ 
fofe to give dur AlniB, -tinlfcfi we firft caft doubts, and 
ilxainin the prfftnk,'wteir lives, thiiriieceffittcs, though 
fc be only to'rdadh xSut; <ome -finafl thing, which is due 
unto ^ hJm, • whatfoever it be. It Was anciently a 'com- 
plaint agaihft the? Chiii-ch, thatthe Uberdity^of the Chri- 
jfhahs made tnany-idfe perlbns: Beit that it was fo, yet 
lio other thing bfefelt them, then what befalls their Lord, 
who knows' and ices that his Swpjhine and bis *%m h 
tsrpty day abU(eH,^;attd yet the' Sun becomes not Kke ft 
Sadc, nor the Mcavte as Brafs; unto him muft we, 
by his own (xjAmaind^ be like : a!nd whom then -can wte 
exclude, that have a pattern of (uch councfie ptopofed 
^o us to follow ? "we read in om* Books of a nice Athtni- 
*mi being eritcrtaipcd in ^ place by onegivto to H6lpi- 
tality, that' another was' received with t^e. 
fike cburtefie^ -and then a diitd, growing very angry, T 
tfionght, -fiid^hej-that I hacl found here g«y<»V« but 1 

- have 


44 Of dMimg mitb BniHg Chrifiiam. 

litve foudd mi9U^¥f\ I looked fiir a tirimds tmfi^ but 
I am fidlen into an Jbme to entertain all Goinen» rather 
dien a Lodging for (bmeprivate and e$)edal Friends 
Let it not oftaod any that I have made Ghriftianity ra* 
dier an hm to receive all, then a private faode to re* 
ceive ibme lew. For 9> both die precepts and exaoH 
pks I have brought teach US| Btmfios fr^^M nm Im^ 
ndmyfedhmmm gifwiri^ to cxxtod our {^Dod, nottotUi 
or that man^ but to mankind; like d^ Sun that ari* 
fidinot on tUs or diat Nation^ . but on the whole WqiU« 
^fuUim obferves o( t^ %«(!rr, that above all Trees it 
h rooft capable of Grafts mi Siens of other kinds, (b &r, 
as diat all variety will be brought to take nouriihment 
from one Stock: Beloved, a Cbriftian muft be like unto 
JivilMPiV Fig'trefy fi> univoiall y oqunpaffionate^ t^ S> all 
ferts of Grafts, by akind <^Chriftian Inoculatk)n,inay 
be broughtto draw life and nouriflunent from his root 

But I am all thb while in a getiendity only, and I 
muft not forget, tbat I have many fitnieular fick. P^ti-^ 
ents^ m my Text, of whom every one muft have his 
I(fc$fe^ and I muft viihthem alle^re I ga But withall, 
I muft remember my Metlwlj whidh was, ftill asl 
fyakc of K^eemfig the fVeal^ to fyesk likewiie of exdu* 
^ing them 6om Di^utadon, So muft I needs, e*relpafi 
away, tax this our Age for giving £> general permiifioQ 
unto all, to bufie themfelves m doubtful Caies of Religi- 
on. For nothing is there that hath more prgudiced dbe 
Cauieof l^/ij^fM, then this fromifiimi and caurA€& 4J9t9^ 
/m of all lorts to thehearmg and handling of Contro- 
verdes, whether we confider the private cale of every 
man, or the publick ftate of the Qiurch* I will touch 
but one inconvenience which much annoys the Oiurch, 
by openingthis Gate G> wide to all comers^ for by the 
great prefi of People that come, the Work pf the Lord 
is much hindred. Not to (peak of diole, who out of 
makp^fi of underftanding fall into many erron, and by 

Cf deatit^ wiA Erring Chrifiianii \f 

fealoa of liberty of bequeadiing their Errors to die 
World by Wridng, eaGly find heirs for tfaem. Tfaofe 
19 a fort that do Imm by being unmceffary^ and though 
they (ow not laatts in the Fidd, yet fill ^ Lord's Floor 
widi ChaflF: For what need this great hrni ^f Writers^ 
with which in this Age the World doth twarm ? how 
many of us might ^re the pains in committing our 
Meditations to Writbg, contenting our ielves to teach 
the People^ vhawce^ andlySering our oonoeits quiedy 
to die in their birth? The teaching the People by voice 
' is perpetually necel&ry, (hould all of us every where 
ipeak but the fime things. For all cannot u(e Books, 
and all that can, have not theleiiure« To remedy 
therefore the want of skill in the one, and of timte in the 
other, are we iet in this Miniftry of Preaching. Our 
voices are confined to a certain compafs, and tied to 
the Individuating properties of Hie and Nitnc : our 
Writings are unlimited. Neceflky therefore requires a 
multitude of ^yeakers, a muldtude of Writers, nof ia 
f G. Agrkx>la writing de Animandbus £ibterraneis, ft* 
^ fcrts of a ferfoin kjnd ^Spirits fb/tt canverfi in Minerals, 
^ andmucb if^eji thofe that wcrl^in them j md the manner 
^ of them when tjjejfcome^ isj to fiem to bujk tbenfilves ac^ 
^ fording to all the cuflom of JVorkpun*^ they wiBdig^ and 
^ clea»fe^ andmelt^ and fever ^detals'^ yet when they are gme^ 

* the JVorkpien dff not find that there is anj^ thing done : So 
^ farts it with a great fatt of the mtdtitude^ who tbnfi 
^ thenfilves into the Controverftes of the Times ; the^ write 

* Bookiy move .^Wfftions^ frame DiftinSionSy give Soltitions^ 

* and fiem fedJot^y to do wbatfoever the nature of the hup* 

* nefs requires I yet if an; skilfid li^kcman in the Lontt 
^^ Mines /halt conte and jtxamim their Wfr\j he fhatt find- 

* them to he hue Spirits in Mberals, and that with all tbir 

* labowf^and fUr there is nothing dene. I acknowledge \t 
to be very true, which St Auftin fpake in his firft Boole, 
de THnitate \ Vtile eft flutes libros k plunbus Jieri iiverfo 


4^ (^ itaiifig with m £rmg Cbt'^im. 

fiilff^ fid nm Jiversi fik^ etiam Je qtuejtimfus iiJUetk^ ut 
4f4 ftulritnof res iffa ferwmiat ad dio/ fic^ dd' alios veto 
fie. It is a thing very profitaUe^ that £vers TroBs be. 
writQcn by diven mco, after divers fafluons^ but accord 
dipg t;o tbc fime Aoalcgy of Faitb, evto of the fimb 
^MeftioQs, tfa^^ (bme might oome into the hands of att^ 
CO fome ea th]$ tovxasxj to. another after that. For 
1^19 xo»y we thiok to have btoi the Qnincel of die Hd- 
ly Gboft Uinielf> who may ieem e^en for this purpofi, 
to have regiftred the £elf*&me things of Qirift by three 
of the Buofigelifii with £tde diflKnrence^ Yet notwitb- 
ftanding, if tlm Speech of S. Aufiin admit of being quar 
X^t^y then was diere no time which more then this Age 
required, ftioidd he moderated, which. I hote, becatSe 
^f a noxious ccHiccit ipread in our Univer&ieS) to the 
^eat\ hindring of true proficiency in Study, ^?^&^g 
im from this Root For many of the Learned then>- 
j[eive9 ane fallen upon this prepofkrous conceit, That 
jC^e^oing confiflieth rather tn variety of turning and 
quoting of iundry Authors, then in ibundiy discovering 
and laying down the truth of things. Out of which 
wik% a greater charge unto the poor Student, who now 
goQS by nunaber rather then weight, and the Books 
of the Learned themfelves, by ambitioufly hcap-i 
ing up the conceits and authorities, of other men, Increafe 
n;iucb in the bulk, hut do as much mio^ik in true value< 
VVli^refore as Gidtm^^Artr^ of two a.nd thirq^ thoiifand^ 
by pKefcript from God, was brot^ht unto three hun- 
dred i (o this huge Army of Di(putes might, without 
m$ bazaid q& the Lords Battels, be well contra£ted in- 
to a fmaller nu&tben pinion the Emperor^ when he 
found that the ftudy dF the PMl Lam was lurchaiged^ 
and much confuied^ by reafon of the great heaps of un- 
xiecefliry writings^ he calls an Afletobly 6f fjsafned 
Men, caufed them toiearch the Books( tdtutbff what 
> ^%% Sip^rflums^ tp gat^r itite tiim iM mlm thl^M 


^ fiibftance of the whole Law : Were it poffiUediac 
lome Rel^ous Jt^mtMn might after the fime manner 
employ the wits of Ibooe of ^e beft Learned. in Exami- 
ning die G>ntrover&s» and Telexing out of the heft . 
Writers what is necefl&ry, defittiltii^ uooece&ry and ' 
{ttrtial DiCxniries, and ibdigeft into Qrderand Method^ 
and leave for thedire6HQn of Pbfterity, as it were, Tbe&* 
hgical PmdeSs^ infinite ftore of our Boob mi^t well- 
lie>^) and peaceably be buried, and after Ages reap 
greater profit with imaller coil and pains. But that 
which was poffible in the World, united under JuftM^ 
4», iii this great dtvifion of Kingdoms^ is peradventure 
impoffible. Whereforehavingcontentedmy felftxiChew 
what a great and irremediable inconvenience this free 
i^d uncontrollable venturing upon Thealopc4l Defines 
hath brought upon us, I Will leave this Proje6): as a 
Speculation, and pafi from this general Do<%rine unto ' 
Ibme particulars. For this genemlity, and heap 61 ficlc 
perjbns, I muli: divide into meir kinds, and give every 
one his proper. :Rfcife* 

The jhfi in this Order of weak perlbns, io to be re* 
ceived and dieriifaed t^ us, is one of whom queftion 
may be made, whether he may becalled weak or no ; 
ke may (eem to be rather dead : for no pulfe of infiiied 
grace beats in him. I mean, . iudit a one who hath but 
Imall, or peradventure no kqowlcdg at all in the my-^ 
ftcry of Chrift, yet is othcrwife, a man of upright life 
and conver&tion, fuch a one as we ufually name a nb^ 
rd man* Account you of fiich a one as dead^ or how 
jou pleafe, yet xxledainks I find a l^fe fi:)r him in my 
Text. For this man is even to be woed by us; as 
iometitnes one Heathen Man wilhed of another, Tali^ 
cumfis miHom mfter effk This man may ' ipeak unto a 
Chriiiian, as I(^h does unto Boas^ Sfread the fk^t tf thy 
Garment over !«?, for thm art a near Kjnfinan. Two parts 
there are that da eompleatly mak^ up a Chr^ian man,' 

a true Faitb^ and ah hooeft Cmuafitimu The firft^ 
though it fiem the wiorthier, and therefore ghres unto 
us tl^ name of Chriftians^ yet the ficood m the end 
wiU prove the fiirer. For true profeffion without imi^ 
Canverfitim^ not only iavti not, butincr^det oar wekht 
of punilhment: but a good life without true vrckSotti 
plough it hriogs us not to Heaven, yet it leflens the 
meafiire of our judgment : & A$l 4 nurd mm J9 isl* 
led^ is a Cbriftim by ihe fitnr fid£. As our $aviourfitith 
of one in the Goipel, that had wifely and diicreedy an- 
iwered him. Thou art not far firm ibe I^V^dbm rf AEr4- 
«eif ; h may we £iy of thele men, fiippc^ that as yet 
they be not of, yet certainly far from the Kjngdm rf 
Heofoen they cannot be. Yea» diis fincerity of lift^ 
though fevered from true profeffion, did fiem fuch a 
J&»d in the eyes of ibme of die Ancient Fathers, that 
their Opmion was, and fo have diey in their 'Writings 
("erroneouflydoubdefi) teflificd it. That God hath in 
flpre for liich men not only this mittigating Mercy, of 
whidi but now I fpake, but even fiving grace, £> far 
forth as to make tbem poiSKEirs pt his Kingdom. Let 
it not trouble you, diat I entitle tbdn to fome part of 
our Chriftian Faith, and dierefore without icruple to be 
received as weak, and aot tobe caft forth as dead. Sat^ 
^anus difputmg what Faich is, ^mi tfl igitur credulitas 
vel fides ? faith he^ ofimr^ fideUter honunem Chrifto crede^, 
rr, id efl^ fidekm Deo effi^ hoc eft fideliter Dei niandasd 
firvare. What might this Faidi be? (iaith he j I iup^ 
po(e it is nothing eUe but &idifully to believe Chriil, and 
this is to be hithfid unto God, which is nothing cUe 
but &khfully to kief tbe Commandnknes of God. Hotf 
therefore only a bare belief, but the fidelity and trufU' 
nefs of Gods fervants, faithfrdly aceomplifUng thtf wili 
of our Mailer, is recpred a< ^ part i& our Orfiftiaii 
Faith. Now all thofe g^bd things which moral men by* 
the lighc of Nature do^ are a part of Gods WUl writterf 


Cj^ Ming with ^mng Chrijtums. 4*9 

in dielf ;iiearts ; wherefore io &r as tbey were oonfa- 

CQtious id performing them (if Salvumm his reafbn b^ 

good) io far have c&y title and intereft m our Faith. 

And dieRfoce t((gulm^ that famous ti^man^ when he 

endured utfiniie torments, rather then he ,wpuld break 

hk Oarii^ tMj j^a^Ji^ fyr be^ counted a Martyr, and, wit« 

nefi for the.ui^. For the Crown of Martyrdom fits 

not only. on the: heads of thofe who have loft their lives, 

rather then they would ce^fe to profefi the Nara^ of 

Qurift, but w ^ head of every one thai: fuffers for the 

toftiaioiiy: of a gQod Conlciepce, and for Righteoutnels 

lake. Aiad blire.l jcannot pais by one very general gfoiS 

mifliaking iCf^r Age. For in- our difcour^ concern* 

ing the Nq^ioF ' a Qiriftian M^n, by what Signs ^ \ye 

mi^ know a imd; to be one of the viltble company of 

£hnft,;we:hayej(b tied our Telves to this oiuward pro^' 

ieffibn^ jhai- ^:We,know no other vertue in a 'man^. but 

tkisLt be hath i9$n£4j^is, Creed by heart, let his life bene- 

yet & profanc^^'WeV'thi^ it i^ argument enough for tis to 

accotmt .;him w|t^a .the Pale 2xd Circuit of the Churoh .' 

an the .cQQbrary'Ude, |let hiiliie be never ib upright, if 
.•1 i_i_-i*i'j • *j •««' 

•««1M . MW 9miHVnn ,••*>*•■ *«-ff»*' '"**v# vyAiVW*^ .¥TV*» y* 

tbofei n^oml g$!P4.\ things, ; as of £>me tokens giving 
liope of lifeyJW^r^ccoug^ but as a kind o(*Minif;hees^ wh6 
ibpUghc the Very; E^rth had life in it. I muft confeis that 
JLhave QOCijret^oiade that proficiency in the Schools of 
our Age,. ajB. that icopl4.(ee, why the Second .Tablie, 
i^d the A^ qf it, . are not as properly the parts of Re- 
1)^0 and .Oi^^ftiapky,. as the AEks and Oblc:rvations of 
the £rft; If I iniftak^hQi it is Stl James that hath abufed 
tooy for he d^lci^bbg R^ion by its proper A<5ls, tells 
us, that True ^ligion^ and undejUed before God arid the Fa* 
thary isj Tq vify th6 Father lefs and the j4^tdoit in their affli- 
fiiVvf, and roi ^ep jbinifelf un(fotted of the World, So that 

.-. ••./ * E the 


5*0 Of ikdlittg mi t lit Errh^ ChrifiianSi 

the tiling wiiicb in an dp^daf refine DIakd cf dk 
Chriftian Language, iignmes nothing bm Mopfsli^ 
Civility, Hdza in the Language of die Holy CMt 
ports true Religion. Wlieretore «f dSbtnorilyw dte 
Holy Ghoft makes notwithftandmg, tite ^flMi of vetto^ 
ous difpofitionSy diough {gnonint of liie Nfyileiy ol 
drifts he ic Fabriglus, or Hegtdut^ or atiy ^noiBni He»* 
thqi tnan, famous for fihcerity and uprightiiflfi of cb^ 
ria^ey hatti ^ fire a claim and intereft ih ffae Quutii 
oFChrii^ as the lyfan deepeft skilTd ki» moftceitakiiy 
believing, and bpenly prpfeiffing all ^e Is-lfrkm lit 
<3ie Yim Books of God; if he endeat^oHt ib( to pm 
his 'iPaWih l>is ff^orks. The Ancients tkemefen, iriieii 
•they found this kki^ of' men, gladly rMtircd tbepi^ 
ahcf converied faniiKai^y'iyith them, *s a|>|Mn by the 
friehdly enrercourfe ofthcEpiftles oiS.Safitv^iA[Lihmi$iH 
6FNii:(iav(e7i ^nd Aiijtirty whhfuhdty odieri} aiid«Aitti* 
qulty ^ath either left m true, or fe^gcfd- «tt nt^ EpifUoi 
betwixt ' St^Patii himfdS; aiid; *«ifcw,; I4r» as ftw tbt 
aaiplttingof^ny of thefe' inen td the dtfifuflSogof ^ 
dolibts in our Rdigbus Myfterics, vvl^debm' know 
not, of ' per adventure cootetnn t^bem^ th^ Medi not 
mubh be (aid t by ^'tknohoi one of the Coumiti cfdi/t^ 
thage it appears, it hd:d iometmies bem tile esroncoiii 
'pra6i:ice(!>f fame ChrHHans to' Baptize 1^ dead, aod to 
^put the Sacrament of^Chrift's Body into tbciriiioii(iMi 
Since we Have confefled theie meii to b|? iii a ibrt di»il} 
as having no iupernatural miidcmng graces from abcn^e^ 
to put into theirharids the handling^ the Almond of lifip 
at all, muc^moreof diiciiffing of the doubt&l things 
in it, were nothing elfe, but to Baptize a Carcale^ ^ 
put the Communion-Bread into the mouth of the dead 
"Ulierefore leaving this kind of weak Perfim to your 
Courteous acceptance, • , ' 

Let us confidcr of anothr^ one quite coatfttry to tiift 
farmer j a true ProfcHbr, but a man .of Prtfane and 





hMrevQ^aayi^i^ for this- Mall? h/kkf 6ata &atllam 
fb^^'i^m^ Bllfiol ill GHe^d^ he tktm like udto tbe^q^ 
SB the hgw^ tmta whos^ ao niaa tti^t dttLWDMl 
Atidt^ £)^ mih ife more ditt3gm>CB is his eaCci, bcM 
cauft ^e etmdJMfi of oenverfing wkk Hsatfietl> metii 
be tb^ xiefer ib. widced^ itf pdamttedr unto Oisifliafii 
li^ oast ApoAle hiail^; ^Hbesea^ witktbift msin^ dQ co»P 
iserce fieemftl^ the iatteA(^eix>^ be quite cut oi: 

feii% and nKn<fi}^c^ td gabvow Cirimes ;. and confr 
dering ai kxigfti bov impa4Q>le thii was^becaufiof 
idw <3ctliilar/«Flth wibbm th^xililfnl^ aad aBtQagflrAidiOitt 
i)eQdIaii7 dief'^welc to oonveifB aod< trvlc^. he itifttui' 
goilDbe^ becweeoL the Amion^tvoF thit Wiodcl^ and the 
Aioi^aKorcxiAiidi wen! BMfata.' rintatitii6t-( filth the 
lUsfled Apc^l* aifom£ng hkn&lf,; #&r: je flmUna 
itdmitif tk Fnmkatm qf tbrnWrnUrc, Aax 'ik^ ^Si^ik 
W^ere Geatife^t £» then muft' j^ Have ffiul^a ne# 

)tbs Woridafi&xiedior & pnu^aceiof that £b of I^^m^ 
<mkky,iSm ftiSfl^m have forbidden theiti&B.o^^ 
nfjpf F0micm0r%. had almolfa been to hare, dcdiid^ 
^iMnrtbr Sottoty t£ Mltnkkld;. Bm^ iaidi he, IfaS^o^ 

mmfgwdif mt^ ^, mt fi umck as t^.CAf* Whi^efi?re the 
cafe of ths- peiiba fifcsiiai to be defeehife ; for he'k ikmt 
4MUy/ilioita}lf iidc^ butk besreftrofall hdp of.thtiPhp- 
&iafl 1^ noiMthftandsng alt thi$v Mre mxf noD ghrif 
himiover for gooD; for vhrawe have well ieaitbcd bin' 
froes,; welhsSl find^ ^^dpe even for him xooi Hiink 
loee tlm oni^ Apoftles mcafiing was, dnt we fltoidd ao 
quaint'out jelirefonly witK the good, and not the bad'^ 
talk fihyficiaos. in the d^ of P^emt look only^to the 
Soufid, and fliia\ tbit Diieas'df Qm SmmtrChrift f^mf* 

Ex Uarljf 

> i tf Je4^ with tarring ChriPums: 

Wlf cohverft, eat and drank with PuUieam and fiimefy; 
and' gHiiesrthcl itaibn of it^ bec^fi he c^mie m$ n cmU the 
rightkanuff hirjmnerj tia fefentimct. Is Chrift cootnuy to 
P^iir/*? ./This reafiKi of' our Saviour oonocrm every one 
onN^hbra die dut7 o£ fivingof Souls dodi left. It is the 
main drift of ius^ mellage, and unavoidably he is to 
comttSkyj jfOL^ eat and drink widi all (orts of finnert^ 
e\renhecaufe.heiSito*ctf//, niotfbt righte&usj hu^ Jbmeri ti 
nfentiftcA Kcoeflairy it isdiat Jbtlie tndins be left to 
fecUinthotorious Offenders, let their Dileaie be never 
(b.dangeiious. J^ejaean in exirmi Mi^uUscntare ffwOcmM 
' fa.^ ark nihit t0»are ftrdmo eft\ Who can tell whe- 
ther in lihis extfemi^, w^ it at llhelaft caft^ it may 
feme vi^j profit td r^ve him; but this we all know, 
ifaat alto^ther tocaft him out of the Society of good 
micrvi IS Ql but him ofUftom all outwaid means of b^ltfa. 
lihAii^m the Lhw^iihough he were exdudcd the 
multitudi^ y^t hadhe laccefi unco ^Prifi. Beloved, 
the' Ptieil in : the ,n^ Law hath much greater priviledg 
tiian ihe Ancient Had \ he was only a Judg^ and' couM 
hpt! cure : But this is both a Judg and a PhyCciany and 
i^tabodi diioent and cure ^he Leprbfie of oiir Souk; 
whem£bre he is notto be excluded n-om die^ 
wtcly fick Bcrftn. . Neidier dodi this duty' concern the 
Prieft ^one ; fos-^^ ^ Tertiittian femetimes ipake in an>> 
ther.c^jf^ In mdj^ffatss teas & fublicos ho/les &mms ham9 
miet ^9 Againft Traitors and publick Enemies every 
man Jsa Soldier ; iokitnrue in this* ' Every one who 
4sii£ fliiength to pull a Soul out of the Fire, is for this 
ibufinefs,! by counlel, by advice, by rebuking a Priefti 
neither muft he let him^lie there to expe6fc better help, 
i^in, no man io ill, but hath fome gCKxithmg in him^ 
thoilgh it breaks not our,, as being clouded. and darkned 
with iniidi corruption. We muft take he^d, that we 
:d0 xjoXf fro .foUt comprebendcre .freqmuiffma^ millak^ in 
thinking there is 'nothing elie but evil, where we often 

i fee 

">■ ^tm 

Of dcalif^ mth Errhjg Cjlfrtftiansl « f i 

leek: We tnuft therefore entert^^-xiven near iHend(hip 

with iuch acne to diicover hmu iNertw enim nifi p^r a^ 

micitiam c<^fciu(r^ ^ixhScJAuftiny nbmaii hpetfc&iy 

diicover^^ but hy his inward acqaaibtance; A^ there* ^ 

fore Aey. who feekfor Treafiirej, give nb1?6ver bjr 

rea&n of elay and mire, io long, as there is an)r hope 

to fpeed ; fo may we not qaft wocirJnduftry, though 

k labour in the moft pdluted 8oul^ qwedam fina 

; in qucrum dcleSopUm acqiHefiinms' pr .cbatitatis tolerant 

riam ferducamur'y that io atkhgdi, through diaritable' 

patience 'and long iuffering w^e^ msf diicover iii him' 

ibme good things which tn^y content us for rthe pre- 

fcnt^ and give hope of better thmgr to come. For as 

diey that work in Gold and coftly matter, diligendy 

&ve every little piece that\&Hs away ; & goodnefi 

wherelbever it be^ is a tbiog Co precious, that every 

Uttle ^rk of it.deierves our care incheriihing.^ Many 

nu(carry through the want of this- patience in tboiewha 

undertake them, whilfl they deipgir of them too Ibon: 

Duin ita objurgmt qiufi oJerinty whild they rebuke us, af 

if they hatod, and upbraki rather thaa reprehend. 

Tranfit amviPfwn H^intemferantiacHlpgnfr^ uterqm qui'^fe^ 

riere argmmtur. As unskiUul Phyficians, who fiifikr their 

Patients to die under their hand^ to hide their error, 

blame their Patients Intemperance : io let us take heed, 

left it be not fe muqh the itrengtht>f the Diieaie, as the 

want of skill in us which wie ftrive to cover, and veil 

over with the names of Contumacy, Intemperancie^ or 

the like. David received an cxpre£i me£^e from the 

Prophet, that the Child conoeiyed in Adulterv (faould 

iiirely die; yetheceas'd not his Prayers and Tears and 

Fafting^ as long as there was life in it. . We rcqov^ mo 

iiich certam mci&ge concerning any Mans mifearriage^ 

and - why then fhoi^d we intennit aiw- Office which 

Chriftiaa Patience can afford. Wherefore, what AX©- 

^emi ibmetime ipake lopiejiy in another i^, Ddihm^ 

E 3 facM 

5^>t^ Of iuliHgmiABmtig&H^mi. 

dmi Afm^ ^U» ifi ; tharnve cmy apfjy note ^gmocAy 
to our pqprjpolp; LetoQr «i^fer(ba here be bflx^ moA 
and fix>t» nip and tlu||h, £ok in head andheait; yer fo' 
t^ngatiUhfe iiU&ioUbn, there isno caufe weSiotM 
4i:(pair. How knomtft ihom how pottot die Woid of 
God may he through cQ^ Mbdftfy, <R]r of thtfeftdnes 
tpraileiipOiilditA wco Jlfovi&n^ I cannoe dierefere 
peffirade my ftlf ti^t liak jrMhHm of SuPrnd^ of 
which we but now l{»dce, to £ur extended, as liiat ic 
q«ute .kjteodided ^g^od men (iie comp^uiy of the fiiMersy 
be cheyjneiBer io grofi. For when he ^h^evcd ftieii 
qoto Stun, ( the gnanccft thing that c<v«- hedid in iMi 
hfod) it >^3 ji/ imeritmn carmsj to the monifying df 
thelbfli, that fo the (pirtt might he ^ k the day of 
the Laid. But this is woiie, for by thh pertfiiptory 
c^(du(&g the f^sfiiiner&om the good, ia greater p^ 
is opened to the hberty of »he Fl^ and a more ha^ 
medutte w^ gmU nor be found to bring final d^hu* 
Ak>n oa him at that day. The extent thierafere of 
i>t*iPf«/s precept, though given in fhew to all, I take 
to reach no fiiitber than the ^i^, and fuch aa ave in 
cfoager of Infeftion ; (or the wed^er ibrt ol vm are 
always everraove the moft^ and a charge ghren mKo 
the moft, is comoioDty given under the ftyle of all. 
Our Apoffle therefore jealous of the tenderer ibrti 
M^homeirery uowhoHbme biaft doch eafily takit, ieeras, 
Whajbhe imiended for die moft, to tnake geaersd to til 
The reaion which the Apoftle giVes, does warrant this 
TtAraiat}*Siej€mt (fiith he) fbst a Utth havmfimrs 
tU wbaie ' litmp ? 'tf therefore there be any part of the 
bmp^ *(Stt jKixKf , out of (hoe and danger of i^ring 
^ cotttagioh, on St thi^. precept can have no ^sent^^ 
jwad fiwely Jbme wrong it were to the Chukjh of Chriftj 
to &ppo& that all wete • neceffarily iuljjdd)^> to fewrmg 
^hiiO&m^ upon fuppo^l.of iom^ admSSoll of kavem 

Bi^ mBisai it infefHotu, but neither neceSril/,- nor 
}i;Kip, tb^kneed frigk usfivm thole who arc djJeai- ' 
ed vkh it Coiuagiois Difeafes which leizi? on our . 
bodiesj faftd by natural force and means, which ^t 
camut prpneat I but ao mui drinks donxi this Poyfbn, . 
irttdfe will itnoc^ Hand that F^lcesthe Ciq?: So that 
to conTcrlo with men c« difeas'd Minds, laScih us .not - 
«9i«oepC iire will- Aga^ AnJintU m his Problems tnalces 
a Q^filUoi^ I^ i^d/(i> ^t^„ poKinfeH ^ well 03 Sicicp^ ? 
5'wwe gF*iw (ick many tji»es ty kcauteloiiflj' cmver- 
£(!^ wth tb{e Oile^e'd, but np roan grows vc^ bv sc- 
emnpanj'it^ the Heakfay. Thtisiiidecd it a with die 
Heu^iM^of tbe Body j it hath no traniieot force on, 
otbcm 9tit the Strengdi and HeaJdiiaeli of; (lie.^ind, 
ttarifs V^ it a. gracious Icind of Infei^on ; ^j com- 
VHm Ej^wieocf tells us, 77j4t taihiar fr^ti evil mm - 
nrr, thin$he Comfo^ if gM4' So that ftrength of mind, 
aACoqipuwd with the prdbvativc of the Grace cf God, 
iBtiy vot only without ie^xpi Contagion, lafely con- 
fdiie with ungracious Sinocrs, but by ib doii^, 3s it 
were iofefl theij], and make them fuch ashimfelf is. No 
««ule dKrelbre hithcROj vhy the true Prtjfcfibrs, though 
-QOtcMious Suooers, ftiouldnot be partakers of ourChri- 
Saan Court^Ces, and therefore as of the former, <b of 
shis my ConcUitipp is. We rauft receive him. Only let 
ineadd St. f^Ws Words in another plact^ Ye that me 
fitm^y rtetive fiab a one. 

HAviag thus f^ Ipokcn of his Mavffim, tet us now 
. a li^ec^Oi^r of his^^/TnuW, ^d £e'.wh^or 
■he jnay have ai^ part b hearing and handling RcJigi- 
-ou»QoWeiS9fef(iSf,i where plainly to (peuk my mind, ss 

■ Iks adflitid^ ^t^re was, fo his Exclulion here is much 
.ntere'nec^iliry : the way to thefe Schools ihould be open 

f© none, bitt^ pKHof upright Lifcynd Converktion ; 

■ md dwtas.Wfil iri regard of the proplianc and wicked 

E 4.' mca 


5^ Of dediff with Erring Cbr^iOHS. * 


men tbemlelvesy as of the Caoife which they frafume to • 
handle : for as for themfelves, this is but the FidH 
wherdn they few aqd reap tl^ir own hJhmf smd Dit 
grace. Our own Ejcperience teUs us, how hard a Aing 
it is for tnen of behaviour known to be ^Kxkis^ to avoid 
the lafli of thofe mens Tongues, who mue it thieir dat£ 
Fence to difgrace the PcrtSw, when they cannot touch 
the^ Caule, For what clfe are the Writings ci many 
men, biit mutual Fafquih and Sai^^s againft* eack others' 
Lives, wherein diglatia^g Uke fi^ffikVif/ and Z)mi^A^ 
thqy reciprocally % open each others fikhinels to the 
view and fcorn of the World. The fear therefore of 
beinjg; ftained, and publkikly di^raced, might be reaCxi 
enough to keep them back firom entring the(e Content 
tions. * And ^ for thfe Cau(e it felf, into which this kind 
of men do put themielves, needs muft it go but ill with 
it : for IS It pofl5)Ic- that thofe Refpe6i:8, which fway 
aod 'govern their ordinary adions, fhouM have nd in- 
fluence upon their Pens ? it cannot be, that they who 
fpeak, and plot, and a6lr wickednefi, Qiould ever write 
uprighdy. Kam uf in vita, ita & in cat/fts quo^ue fie$ 
tmprobas hahenp : Doubtleis, as in their Lives, fe in the 
Cau(es' they undertake, they nourifli hopes full of im- 
probity. ' Befides .all this, the Opmion of the common 
4prt is not to be contemned, whom no kind of reaHon 
io much abuies and carries away, as when the Difcredit 
of the Perfon is retorted on the Cauie j which thing 
our Advg-firies here at home amongft us know very well, 
a Mafter-piece of whbfe Policy it is, to put into ^the 
hands of the People (iich- Pamphlets which hurt not our 
Caufe at all, tut only dflcredit our Pcrfons. St. CA17- 
'fiJioM bbfeives^out of the kneSent Cufloms of the Ofym" 
pclcGaificf^ 'jKat Whcnfeevei''any man otfered hin^lf to 
oontendin them, he was riot' ta be admitted till publick 
t^dclattfatloii l^d Been made rlirdughout the ^fedtitttde 
to this purpofe ji Whitheir any inan kiiew him to be d- 
.- ' , ' 'f ^ / ihej; 

Q^ 4kMttf trith Bniifg Chrffiums: ry 

tfaeraServaot^ a Thief, or other^iie of infamoitf life. 
And if ai^y lo^tatkm m this kind were jproved agaiqfl 
him, k was fiiSdent to keep him back. Had theHea*. 
then this coie that their Vanities ihouldnoc be di£iic-, 
diced? how great then muft. 6ur care be, that d)^ 
which enter into thefe Exerd£s^ be of pure and 
upright Condition ? Let mens Skill adjudgment diere- 
^m be never fo good, yet; if their Lives be notorioufly , 
SJtysA to Gccepdoo, lee > them know, diat there is na 
pkce 6x diem in tfade Olymptcks, Men indeed in dvil 
tHifinefi, have fi>und out a diftin£lion between an Himtfi 
Mm^ and a good: CqmnmHifealths'num : And therefore 
fd/rkm in the Bpnm Story' is much oommended,fi>r no- 
minating to the Qtnfii^hifji !(<#««, a wicked man, and 
his utter Snemy^ becaule hekbcw himtp:be firvkeablc, 
to die Gommon-weaith,fot thofe Wars which, were then 
depending. But in diebufinefi of the Lord, and Gorn^ 
mon-wealth of God^ we can adaiirof tio iiich difHniSbi* 
xm. For God himfilf in the Book of Pfalms^ ftaves 
diem off with a, ^md tua^ emnes mea ? &c. }$^s^ 
h^ tbm to d$to fak^ m^ Wards into thy 'Mouthy fpKe Am 
bsutft to hf refmmd ? The World for the mana^g dE 
her matters, may enaploy fiich a» her ietf hath fitted : 
Sm lei eveiy one who names the name of God^ defan froni 
nU^ty, For thefe reafons therefore it is very expedi- 
ent^ that none but right good men (hduU undertake the 
Lords Quarrels, the rather^ becaufe there is ibme truth 
in that which ^usntUian ipake, Oogitare ^Hma fimd (i 
detemma^ non magi ifi tmins anihu^ ptan$ epfiem homini 
hnum effe ,ac malum. As impoffible it is t^at good and 
bad thoughts (hould harbour in the &Qie heart, as it is 
for the fame man to be joyntly good and bad. . And £> 
ffoih the confideration of this ikk Peri^ri, let u? pro- 
ceed to vifit th^.next The weak Persons I have hi- 
therto treated of, are the feweft, as cpnfifting in a 1(^4 
of extream. For the greateft fert ^. men ^r^ iq a ine- 
^ . » ' * , diocrity 

diocrky of Men, etnidend^ good, or t^axm ai y Of the 
number k fini^Bdl ; but Ak nnk of fisk Beifias» Ant 
nam 'we ore lo view, ii tn wtxde Armr, ind mayiie 
ey«7 otie of UB, if ^r^ do wflUdomiiie our nm^ 
fliall'find our fifhw & k: For die Wodc, m^tom we 
iidw aK €0 fbeak of, IB he diat bath noc A'at d^rae «4 
peifccnoii orvonn, na imugui or ipsvun ViOininicH 
6q that he oi^ht to h«r& Whorefeit our J^aijfiv hera 
muftlx VktHttlhef L^ki the Book of AttffmU^ 
^ito, k muft be Medkane lo heal witffe Hatkni. For 
who IB he flinorii^ men, diat oan fri»e hiiufiif fi»a diii 
WtAoA} Veai we oar filviBi Aat ^w ftc ovnr -ochtti 
for their Cure, aaay ^Mk of ourfehw andowrGbuiJ;^ 
as hiims in BmifU^ dothof hindilf and MimrfKr altf» 
dhm, Sti^m^ i^mit^ Mffoiii^^^^ We take can 
tf diefi, our fikes ftandii^ ki Med tMtAen c$n6m 
m. a/yecmrrj couoiek Us Fli;f&&tn, folookc^eokl^^ 
dttt hi^leif be hesdAy, »b6«i;3[f«^ A fc/ii^fmr^i>ifir 
^ cobttr, mJfiit^'fl^. Fof bdMrwiie, Aitbkc, how 
ean he give cooifert and hope of iiiteefito a fide Piifc- 
em, who by Ms ill Colour and Meagemefi^ bewiayk 
lot«lQ3pe#(t<9ionoflwowii. ButWMt Fhy&ian of 
^oulaoaMamerdiseaprtiieof tWiCoBofel? orvdioig 
ft, ih^ cdcingthe Cure of others, dodi not m mo& i£ 
his A^Homdh^ray immn DUeafe ? fi^ea thus hadi k 
^leafed God to de us togeilier witha onitoal fiofe of 
tkdk ofhers Weoknefi; and as our iHves tecehe and 
heat with otjheri^ {6 for our iUves inceidbaiifpabl^ 
foA we reqbeft the ime Goumfie ac oihen hands. 
Notwkfaftandm^ a^k is with the Hpaltb of our Bodies, 
inofiHm iat any time is perftfily wdU, ody he ^oes for 
te hecdthy ma*,* who is 1^ 4ck, i io £ues k wkhour 
Souk ^GodtadiiddkidedalluiiQkr daei^^ 
^^me periul^-entisre are lefi weak than od]er% faiit no 

teMT IS ^rOff g. ^^Moi^^mm C0^tmifA 

firiif hdnrntri^f^em^m QSfW$fililiia. it is bucamile- 


rifiie '^t>irfert lb judge oiirown^{^e6K6ni oiil)r^;^o^ 

iBJea^e diemire 1h(»fe3 ^vhf> bj^ uriaipn tif Mng le6 

Qttziey pflfi for ifesMijr, iad ttxi6Ast dF &^ whom 

mBe ftnnbic *91kI cmuucul Impccnicboft wo^c oixieis 

kuh 'raidfd jfi the Mbcabef of die Weak. And of 

dxyfe dieie jks« ftmdiv fttttd^ df[^^ One H 

Weak, becai£ lie is pot yet fully infermed, not lb 

ftffickndirCatedifzed in die Mvfteries of Eaudi, whom 

SsathK hiKxaam TA^ tdatanky: The 

other peradventure it liifl^ntty 'grodnded for Prind^ 

f^esof Fdch,.^ nVMk^hf ration ddier of (bme 

JtfMtoiy ttid trattbldfbttie 'lIittiMHif in bis Bteonoof . 

NuBmmfifdm ^menium flaMf fim t)ie»te ;' There i& no 

nni fo i)erfe£t^ bot^Bih fim^^ lus Ednfrioitt: 

that peq^redi Pardon. As&r die faiperfedioii of die 

fbrmeref dicfe. It is*die weakiaefi of ithfmcyiuid €!&{>* 

hood jn Paithy tatberthan a Difeft : And wkh dak 

%«ftk man wr are ^^^^etxaff^r to hear above a& odvcfi 

f^fls'fer^dmdiatB ^(^^ uittftfl 

fenofanee or Gontumacy , or the we, k is pardonable^ 

nifSKamtans we yield Hm not that aoeaferetif Gourto- 

jfe, whkh were meet J but tobecni^ againft hifancy 

and C)hildho6d were inhamanky. , Tlie inanner of our 

J^]pf for the^ men, our ApolUe femewhere e xp rc flfca, 

Wherehe tett) us of (ome mat muft htfti mitb Milk,^ 

gnd mfihwig Meat: Goto thefi! we ttttift rather be as 

thnfir^ ij^in'PkficimTi ^Stdnnittendo ws mA metfnrmn d^ 

tcfttify '0 moMo/H dofuh \S 'gtdAwi fwfhutnf f/wuK^do ^ by 

.gent^ "fiibciu^g our "lei^ to die.€aps«clty of di« 

Learner, 4^ lending our hand, fay leflcniqg our ft^to 

keep diem inequtpace widi'us tm iheyeome up to meir 

fuU growdi. As Chr^ being God, enipded himfelf, and 

^f r^xmr Mm like to usj^ muft^we lay down our Qfe 

of Wk, in ^h^' we ?l4ttcr our-ftlra, and take ouir 

lelyes to be as Gods, and in Hkw and fafiiioa: become 


^i , %:. * "-. < • . '• . '■ ■■' ' ' 

$o Of, Ming whb Enmg Chi/Hans^ 

like oneof tfaem* ' Grave men have thought it no dip 
pamg^ent, to have been fien .with tbeu: little Sona^ 
fMihf f^ imf^fC^iore in anmdimlm^d^ toying ^nd 
pra£liiing wi6 them their childiih Sports : and if any 
take oflimceat ^' they areiuch a^know not wh^t it is 
to be Fathers. Thofe therefore/ who, bear the Office 
/ of TAthers ampngft othier men, ta \fm^ up. the Infancy 
of Babes in Qirift^ muii: not falufli to \faJ3c& this part 
of a Father, and out of St. Pi^s Leflbn of Btcmn^ ni 
to 4B^ learn to becxxne a Child to ChiMren : do it he 
snsLj very well, without any Impeachment to himfelf. 
He that helps one up that is mUen^ tionfi fr^ieitj ut 4um^ 
h jaceant 'y fid,itmrv^f4mnim, m jaonuim tr^goiy throwi 
pot himiHf down to lye by him, but gently floc^ tq 
lift him up ag^ifi: J but of diis Weak Perfim I have lit* 
tie need, I truS^ to.^ak: Fornotnanm the&days 
can be long We^^but by his,. own D^ul^ & long and 
careful Teaching as hath been,- and every day i% muli: 
needs take from men all pretence of Weaknefi in this 
kind : f^am quid aliud agimm dHfmdo ^fos^ fuan nefin^ 
Jocendifitis : For what is the end of all this labour ioA 
pains in Teadiin^ but that ye might atlength not need 
a Teacher. Wherefore from this I come unto that other 
Weak Perlon, ftrong in Faith, but IVed^ in x:apiii!gc 
MdBehaviourn' ■ . 

Having before proved^ that Chriftian CourtefJc 
Ipread&it ielf to alliorts of .mei^ .to the Infidel^ to the 
gro&notcriom Simer^ then will it, without any ftraining 
at all, come home to all the Infirmities of our weaker 
Brethren: Fortjiat which can endure fb great a Ten^^ 
.peft) how can itbe.pfi^nded withibme fmall Drops. 1$ 
XDhriftian Patience Bkeunto SuPesa-^s Rei61ution,.d)at 
dorft manfully encounter the High Prieft's Servant, y^ 
was daunted at the Voice of a iMv, .^laiden ; wbatfoever 
it is that is irk(ome unto us in me common Behaviour of 
jiHir ^re^t^rnji it were ilp^ we ihould ^ot be abletp 


Of dtiH^ with mirh^ QbHftamir ^j] 

tiirbok. ifiBHus^ cotiiA^m^ini^i \^^ weak- 

nefi wbidi is u(u^ in in^n, i^ *to' make the worft of 
what befSsills usi ^ktily telk us,* that' &r€tj thing in the 
.work! hath two- Handles^ orie ttirii'd to\rard$' us^ 
ij^Uch we msiy tafily takc^the otfer turi/dfroni tis,harder . 
to be laid hokl of ;4he < firii ni4^ ^ .^^g^ ea&^the 
iecbhdnotlb; The Inftancetfcft lie brings is ^my*^ 
.prp6fe j ** Br li, lakh he, /*^ 'Bfi7/Afr &fA dffinded-ihee^ 
h J^c are twa 'hmd-fi^i; &f^tfde Offence^ the other , if 
ft th^ Brodfir. '-'^f thm iakf'bM''^ibKi^<f the Offence^ It 
^ pill be too Boi'/or'thee^^tbei mttmt'iafilfefidm'e tbetoM 
ft^ ifyt : But 'ff' thm lay bold if tBat ^ ^ Bmher^ tbi 
•% Wif fhaksi dS Skbaviom' tolerable: 'SjertV m fart rf o^ 
^'^ i^eth^^rCstrridge u>0ar^ w, Imtifmfeakbitj mejjhak 
^ finijMw Hand^/i/ly^^ Ciroimfiance' thatWI mai^'& 
^e^'t&bebm^'Q^e can find rid bdier, the Cittuiit- 
'ftanci of our -SatfeuFCb^'s Exainple will never 'feil^ 
An EjcanipSe iJ^*ik*[J«^llt riot brfy^iriakefte to endure tl* 
<itnp0rtun}t)^' iJfiiis^ orfiharjl' BAaviour,: but all his dllt?- 
famous DciMg whatfeevef. F6r^ fsJiSk^StehryJo/imi^ 
Didft thou knbw that thy Bfbthcfr^iWtefldcd partic^ 
-niifchief a^kft iJKe,i!hal he ^oiild cmbnie his hand in 
xh]^v.aood, 'ATti¥ ftkuobiflkrJi^ld^^ ytt kifi that hand) 
•for'tthy Lord'did-Wottefble 'td'yertt^ MbutK itA 
mzd^xbkB2i3ilff^'^M'\h^^^^ of >>i. 

tag^dfj. that b^g a poor Youth;' and (C^rry iing zBur^ 
fkfm (f Sts^/^ be fo piled them, land laid tBem tbge- 
<lhfiTy wkb ftdr;Alt-^dOrder[/4hiat hen^d^ 
much OK^e ilgte arid eafie to be ^rii. Bebved, dierfe 

iffrto Alt ambh^Chriitiiu^ iSc^^^o thiat c^ Pr^/^^r^f , 
aS fii making up and i^rdering^ou^ -Buil^ns, that theV 
ibaylie with much iefi weight upon bur flioulders j- this 
lArc^ if we could learn it, would make us take all in good 
part at ourBrbthers jhand, were he' ^ bad as t^ab^U 
wia^ ofwhom hisown^iServantcoriipkikLy, that he was 
fulch a man of- BaUal^^ that no iHatt cottld/peak, unto him.- 


^ Of dtatm^ miih m Jb^fngCJ^ifiimL 

Whcrcfoitt IcOTing y^ t9 tks Study aack Lerinm^ 

of dais moft QbriiHan; Art^ I wj9 % lirde* cmifidfr ibr 
what ]«a(oM w-e.^]} not acbiir of th^ ntro C>xt» qf 
W«^ M«»» t^Cmrtnmfie. For a| for diet UaletiMci^ 
40 privsMs, imtuDg, fluore ^ ufeol with dtfoi than tt» 
tike Ofi^ence ^ qi^ Pji8cs^oi)£, Md te beeooie mow 

ftian\diia^ k^4j3fiiri4nil Voiee ^nd Qiieftion fio-iu^ 
Is tt pofl^e that^W^ {kpald he; ajK<we i«.iMe Poiiit8^,.iii 
.whicfai yem ^!^am.6p^ dS&m^t Th^ ^caA diey* off on 
jwr ^ Bflcl^ tl^e Burdvnr oT i^beir . Ba^MIidilig: aiid Ncii^ 
^^t7' 91 llAcicpiop t^ apqmaJnt dican v^^tb^ £>ii^>iitatioil 
jf^BiClij^OQ^ ¥9?^^ It y^c^ <^ 1^. ^C9v ifl ^eir lot- 
60^^ aadcMog ^pw.' 4^ep^ fc)^3(^ jaipr9%aiauft DiftaA 
ISP turtlcf ...tlj^ Cij9is(|tJ?k. m Cb#/ ,aoa»dljF> Wba 

i»}5 Sdtr4!ar4(ii;,aft,.iaap:is coor^^^ J jRy notj 60 db 
.WRicf J W- fi^. be a' prmdpal. AgiQfit;^d Captam ui 
'^l^VOL, Si9^_^'^^ wmd up hy meo 

jQ£i9(^iil]esa;4SMs,Si|^ ll^r iPraiigih cicmig^r to be 

i^^ b^ti^l^ftfPirs.f^ ^^;:M5^4^^j8iri and as^k k 

.^(g^klwg^ ^?i^;aW^'jto :b«^J^ QiwwiJii ViilNjifce Pnafc 
oiijil^n^ ;Fij|ilJ^ »> W<>rift:f^rfl|fMigcjf inra ;; ft 
,i^ it f^i^4.:herfti .jF-cHf ttoQy^nrel^hkhttefcrpawr 
^s^ha^araii^^ H^^filUm^ % m^: of great Wit r ami 
]4fi^««flKr ^« djsuwi ipk uad^rtalw { tbntrfor ai JSRfftwi- 
ii^to b^ dwnnrt^^%f^^ ISxxQ^r ^^^^^ not ak 

waj^' the ficaipple *4 Authqri^y: of a^ »rt»r. A tkiid 
,6^n ist^e;in^mU0^^/Vidiei»cG^ of the weaker iort 
iiV>n^atabungrtbi^rCpq(3e]^ tfronee they begmtohe 
C^^io^ive. ^ot we thiag th^i; kthat madtx&Hijr 


nttiiii^ Je^QuTte ^ejr bav^ S2& 6mU&iA uato d^sp^ 
k^ jddi of b^tf» Wita^ fiud k with Re^im oevpiri^t 
»Mi4i,ifkiM0dMCaad3d^ AJe^vi^ 

fie SwokA k the iko/k of dkw wvalne^, arifiqg \Qm 
pf ifaflp tbit daQr fii|ied att to be dfm fiv do cf^Mft 
ita4 1^ «3 <aft:W)tFea( w4 a^ And dmir 

fbtc vlientbev> ftci tibmiiitesio be tqp wdk in Mm") 

£^^;oth0r«if« 4et^QW 1^ rel^ovi» mrn mic! 
i«mv£)( ibe «ioft piM .uriwrnd* md Mpfrally g^mt 

tfaAtGddhiiiH«il(^aodKe(^$iKl$tt tbePaiti tkm 
anun hsah^ wAr^m in cMM^d SlMp9 atylPtiopm^ 
like QMe<£ii9t HHp^Mi^ ^ l(wifae4 Biflidp of 4«brt 
0fAuk Ipaswg i«l)46 iaco d)dr haa4% was io foi^^ 

uiB ii^ dMai» diM eWbe coqM get ot« of fhiwr Fi^^ 
hd was fiib t^ iiife)^ Wio^ an4 tQcmw Aid of hit 
fi^Miwaaing S^fli^ri; apdiboddjir tptcd} dMi% J[ 4«9^ 

&liie&af)dyiQ!l(^ what hBGiti^ tngf omi^ of it it 

out. . Wherefim^ letev^ fiy^ W<4c V^/fynUf upcd 

^k&m m ^.cK^ikmlrt^ od»wf$i0ii^i;l wiU maih 

. Am for tite .luaPrrftrepg m PaflSMi, pf; m^t^r . imI^ 

fer lte.ftfwg^ of) Pf<5fcn; it die >i(i^ qf dpie j?^ 

M^ > '^^t )?fft§fK 1^ die C^viDcb- tpe«:^ aglwA 
falia Fee firft of/^ &ai]£i,him it ocmfPt ^sat 9v4 
fioob ere £> Mt wil^ OmtUix^pli(>i|s iila^ no 

Hej«|kite. Wlit^AaviXB Wt tfce Kke. l^mofk of OjoK 
-tar ai^jngg IiopiM^av A^bafd.thing ikoow i i»i 

to irrio^ without Adb^^ m4 ?afli(Hi » iboie tt^ 
wbid W€i te?ei ai^ d»N^Q '^ ^ i^f&i9 t»;cW to tho^ 

64' Of iiealifig mitb Brrifig CbrifHmil 

"Who are Lords over themieives. It ieems our Savioat 
gave lofne way to it himielf. For ibtnewhat certsuiil/ 
his KmJIrnen' law in his Behaviour, when as St. I4mk^ re^^ 
porti, they went forth to ky hold lipte'hkn, think^ te 
wSh^hmfilf, 61% fof thofe who hatre not the com^ 
^and of ih^ik*elve^, b^er it wen^ they laid it by 3 
St C%/^m exli^^tly oblci*Vetb, that die 9r^ti ^ 
6^ and Sataa^ wefe by thisnotorioiifly di£ferenced^ 
dxiatchey \«4iich gaVe Oric&i by motbii from the Dmk 
did it with mudi Ichp^dtaoe end Confufioo, widi a 
kind of FMjaodM^iw/?^ fa^ they.Whidi gave 0r4c&;# 
£rom GtdhjUiffyiihi^m diem widr all* JMErA^ 

wft^xATemfer\ tf it be the QosAt of God whidx we 
handle ih our Wrldai^ thenf Itx us* handle it like the 
I^oph^ of God^ with Quiethefi and Moderatjon^ and 
tiot i|i the Viotence of Pafllion^ as ^ We were pc^fi'd, 
xadier than ii^ii^U- A^ain/Wteit EqUi^T' or bd)fii> 
reiicy can We look 'for m d!fe^^adi¥iage of ^ that Cauie^ 
diat falkinto ^hetiandling oftbeie m^: ^^ wiiferrt 
^esfhemmh jtH fimdere €atfa ? «$IM^ ^tk ifnit fintt^ 
What MafK^rtaken S^th Paffitm^rekneknbers imparti- 
ally' to compat^^Gaufe with C^ufe^ aQ^ Uight with 
R^t; ^1^ fietitmiefitm " ■ o n wh^Caufe he 
hskppcm^ that is he rddluti^ to thaintain ; ut gladiatw in 
igtetum i as a^Fencei^to the Sbge/ ^Id^ comes be tx> writer 
ilocupon Cbnfetentfe'of QuaTra, 'bta; becaule he propo- 
fcs to contend, yea^ -io pdteiftiy *hadi Ais Humour, prot 
vafl^d With^Qien thathave Utidi^kbn' to maintain a Fa^ 
^6inj -that^ 'tt^'lkrfi'brokw out to ihc tempting (sf 
God, and the*Difli^hour of Martyrdbffi • Two iriwr 
teF/<ve»eir, . in thic A6Hpn of S^wwrtZ/^,; voluntarily in thfc 
open view of the Gity, bficr'd to diter the Fire : to t6 
puti an'' end. to ih'e- Controvetfe, that he • m^ bfe 
judjged to Ifavethe-'right,' who, like ofte of die threfe 
Chikiren id Bafyion^ fiiould p§*l3'uritouch'd through* the 
Fire. But I hafteh to vifit bnc^ Weak Perlbti more, and 
foanend. He 

Xif dealing »ith Erw^ Chriftuo^. 4j' 

l4e whom we now are to vi&» is a itriaa Weak 
/dirough Heretical and lining Faith } now whether or no 
we have any Reoeit for him, it may be doubt^ : for 
St. Paid adviies us to wcoA the man that is a Maker of 
Se6^ knowing htm to be damned. Yet, if as we 
fpikt dF Adt admitting to us the notorious Smn^ry no 
not to eat^ 1& we teach of this, that it . is delisrered re- 
^£Hvcly to the weak^ fcrt ; as juftly for . tht finte 
tealbn^ we may do : we fhall have a ^cipe here, fer 
the ihfiin that ms in Faitbj and rejoyceth in making of 

' SeSb : whicl> we fhail the better do, if we can but 
gently draw him on to a moderation, to think! of his 

• Conceits only as of Opiniohs j for it is not. the variety 
of Opinions, but our own perverfe Wills, who think 
it meet, tUaft all fhould be conceited as our leaves are^ 
which hath ft inconvenienced the Churcdi Were wfe 
not (o ready to Anathematize' eadi other^ where w:d 
concur not in Opinion, we might in hearts, be united^ 
chough Jn- our. Tongues we were divided,. lahdl-th^ 
With (ingular Profit to aU fidfs. Jtk the unity/ of tie Sfi- 
tit in the Bmd tf Feace^ and not ' Identity ' k>f Cimceiti^ 
which the Holy Qhoft requira at the hands of Chrifti* 
ahs, I wfllgive you one Inftance, in which at this day^ 
our Churches are at variance j -The 0iM of Go'i^ and 
his manner of proosedbig m Fredejiinatian, is undi£:ema« 
ble, apd (hail £> remain until that day, whe;:ein aU 

, knowledge fhall be made perfeSt -^ yet feme there are, who 
wkh probability of Scripture teadi, that the jtr/i^ caufe dE 
ibe ^£ mfianiage of them that periih, is that original 
Corruption that befel them* at the beginnings increaled 
fcrough <he n^left or rcfufil of grace offered* Others 
with no lefi favourable Countenance q( &ripture, make 
the ^raufe of Reprobaticm only the Will of God, deter- 
mining freely of his own Work, as himfelf pleafe% 
without rei5>eft to any Second Caufe whatlbevcr. , Were 
We no( ati^itiouOy minded, familiam duccre^ ^vctj on4t 

F %o 


'66 Of dealif^ pntb Errii^ Chrifiiam, 

to be Lord (£ a ScSt^ each of thefe TenM might be 
profitably caughc and heard, and matter of fingtdar ex> 
nortatfon drawn fix>m cither; for on the one par^ 
doubdefs it is a pious and relig^bus intent, to endeavour 
to free God from all Imputaticm of unnecei&ry Ri- 
goijr, and his JufHce from feeming injuftice and Inooa*- 
gruity: and on the other fide, it is a noUe Refekition^ 
io to humble our ielves under the hand of Almighty God, 
as that we can with patience hear, yea, think it an Ho* 
' nourj thatib bale Creatuies as our ielves (hould become ^ 
thelnfhirajentsof the Glory of lb great a Majefty, whe^ 
ther it be by eternal Life, or by eternal I>eath, though 
for no other realbn, but for Gods good Will afid Plca- 
fiires feke. The Authors of Aefe Conceits might b^th 
freely (if peaceably) ipeak their Minds, and both fingu-' \ 
h-x\y profit the Church : for fince it is in^flible, where 
Scripture is ambiguouS| that all Conceits Ihould run a- 
like, it remains, that we ieek out a way, not ib much 
to eilabliih.ah Unity of Opinion ki the Minds of all, 
. which r take to be a thing likewife in^pofiibley as to 
provide, that multiplicity o? Conceit, trouble not the 
Churches Peace. A better way my Conceit cannot 
reach unto, then that we wouU be willii^ to think^ 
that thefe things, which with fome (hew of probability 
we deduce from Scripture, are at the heft biit our Opinio 
€ns : for this peremptory manner of fedhg down our 
own Cenclufions, under this high commandmg form of 
neceffhy Truths^ is generally one of the greatefl caufes, 
which keeps the Churches this day fo far a&nder j when 
as a gracious receiving of each other, by mutual for- 
bearance in this kind, might peradventure in tkue bring 
them nearer together. ^ 

This peradventure, may Ibme man iay, may conten^ 
us in cafe of Opinion iHdifierent, out of which no great 
Inconvenience by neceflary ind evident proof is con- , 
dudcd: but what/^ec»/^ have we for him that is fallen 

■ - . into 

QT Jealing with Brrif^ Cbrifiiansl 6 J 

idto feme known and dcjperate Hercjb? Even the £une 
with die former; And therefore anciently Heretical and 
GrdiodoJt Chriftians, . many times even in publrck Holy 
Exerdie Converft together without OflfcnCe. It's noted 
in the Bcclefiaftick. Stories, that the Arriam add Highi 
Believers fo communicated together in Holy Prayers, 
that you could notdiftinguifli them till they came to Ae 
Jh^oK^jtdij the Grloria Patri^ which the Arrians uftd with 
lome diflference from other Qiriftiens. But thofe werrf 
times quorum leBiahem habemus^ virtutem non habemus ; we 
read of them in our Books, but w6 have loft the pra- 
6Kle' of their patience. Sc«ie prejudice was done unto 
the Qiurch by thofe who firft began to intermingle 
with publick Eccleffajlscal Duties, things re(pe6Hve uritd 
private G)nceits. For thofe Chriftian OflRces in the 
Church ought, as much as poflibly they may, be comH» 
mon unto Si, and not to dejfcendto the diffcrenCegJ of 
particular Opinions. Severity againft, and feparatfen 
from Heretical G)mpanies, took its beginning from the 
Hereticks themfelves r and if we (earch the Stories, we 
ftiall find that the Church did not at their firft arifingi 
fliruft them from her ; themfelves went out : and as foe 
feverity, that which the Dmatifis Ibmetimes (pake irii 
their own drfence, tUam effe veram Ecctefiam qua ferfi^ 
tionem foHtur^ non qua facit ; She was '• the tru^hureh^ 
not which raifed, but whidi (u0ered Perfecution, was 
de foBo true for a great (pace. For when Herefies and 
Schifins firft arofe in the Church, all kinds of violence 
Were lifed by the erf ing Fa6Kons ; biit the Churcfii 
feem*d not for a long time to have kttown any ufe of a 
Sword, but only of a Buckler, and when Ihe began to 
ufe the Sword, lome of her beft and chiefeft Captams 
much mifliked it. The firft Law in this kind that ever 
Htas made, was ena6led by Iheodofim againft the Dofut^ 
tiftsj but with this reftfaint, that it fliould extend agairit 
lione^ but only iucb as were tumultuous, and till tbac 

F % ^ time 


6!^ qfJMifig with 

tiflfe thtfjr yrese not 1o much as toudi'd wkb aoy m^x 
iboqgb but peonusuy, tilt that flnipeful Outra^ obo^ 
mitted againft Qifiiop IdoMmm, whom they beat dowi 
with Bais and CIuIes, even as he floqd at the 4i!t4r 3 
$0 that not ib much the Error of the Donattfij^ a& their 
Riots and Mutinies were by Imperial Laws reflxainedL 
That the Church had afterward good reafea to thiakf 
()m file ought to be fibtbrior ^um ddcwr^ that lone- 
times theie was mxt mercy m puaiflung, thin £>r<# 
bearing, there cat^ no doubt be made. &. Aufiin. (% 
man ^ at sDild ati4 gentle Spirit as ever bare Rule ia 
^ Church) having, according to his natuial fwect* 
ne$ <;^Di|po{itiQn, eameftiy written againft vidint and 
^ iharp:4€alu)g with Hereticks, being taught by experi* 
. ot^e^ did aherward retradl and confeis an excelie&t ufe 
of v^K^iome ieverity in the Church* Yet could I wifl) 
^at k might be &ici of the Church, which wasiome-^ 
ipa^ obierved ^ A^gifius^ In nullius mqtk^ Jumsm n^ 
90H^ JfffroMi: His hadbeen angry with, and ieverely pif^ 
^lAi'd many of his Kin, but h^ could never endure to 
wi any of them off by Death. But this I muft requeft 
yqu. to take osXj as my private Wifh^ aad not as 1^ 
iC^ajfiure^ if wy thing have been doiie to the contrary. 
.Wh^ 4^/(0i» was qp in Arms ^gaioft his Father^ it 
yfSj&necj^f&^y for Dofvid to take order to curb him, and 
p41 ^ixn oa his Knee^j. yet we iee how careiul he was 
b^ ^\M not di^ and how lamentably he bewail'd hioi Death: ^^liat Caule w^ it that, drove David into 
#)i8 extre^m P^fliod ? Was it doubt of Heir to the 
Kipgdom ? that could not be, for Solomon was now 
born, to whom the Promiie of the Kingdom wai made t 
Was it the ftrength of natural Mention? I fomewhat 
doubt of it ; three years together was Abfilom in BanifliT 
j^nt, and David did not veiy eagerly defire to fee him •' 
The Scripture indeed notes, that the King long'd for 
hit»'% y^.ia this longing was th^ienot any luch fierce* 

. nefs 

ysMJtstsiart after bis Mnm fram Baniflifnent tolHlpNs^ 
'fidem : WhaX tih^ii ^higfac be the caoft of .his.iii«iigi& 
of Pa£oti, and comiti^racion in liie Ring ? i periwade 
mf feif it was the fear c^ his Sons final Mifcafrii^ 
did I(ifroi4tdm^ which made the King (ficure of die 
Mercies <^ God umb hiimf^f ) to wiAi he had died i^ 
iAs fteod, that lo he might have gainM for hh ungra^ 
idous Child £)me timedF repentance. The Qiufdi^ 
who is die common Modier odFus dl, when her 4bfHimt^ 
hor unnatural Sons, do lift up their Hands and Peni 
dgainft her^ muft lo uie means to ref^^ theni> that fhe 
forget not diattheyare the Sons of her Womb, and be 
tionipaflionate over diem as David was over Abjilcmy loth 
to un(heath either Swotd, but moft of all the Temporal \ 
for this were to fend them quidc difpatch to HelL 
' And here I may not paU by diat fingdar imderatim 
ff thi Qmrch tf ouri^ which (he hath moft Oiriftianly 
e}i^reft towards her adverfiries of J^vm^, her^ at home in 
h^ B(ribm above all the reformed Churches I have read 
of. For OIK of define to make the Btttach feeai no 
greater than indeed it is, and to hold Communion and 
Chriftiaa Fellowfhip with her, (6 far as we poffibly can ; 
we have done nothing to cut off" the Favourers of th^t 
Church. The resJons of their Love and Refpedl to the 
Church c&B^^me we wifli, but we do not command them 
CO ky down : their Lay-Brethren have all means of 
Inftru<^ion olS^red th^ Our £di^ and Statutes 
made for their Reftrain^ are iuch as ierve only to a* 
wuken them, and cauie them to confider the Inaocancy 
of diat Cau^ for refu&lof Commumon, in which they 
ensure fas they fiif^fe) fe great Loflfes. Thofe who 
are fent over by them, eidier for ihe refining of the al- 
ready perverted, or pcrverdng others, are either re* 
tum*d by us back again to them, who dilpateh'd them 
tQ us, or widiout any Wrong unto dicir P«rJ6ns, or 

F 3 Danger 

?f6 Of ienUfig 0$$b Brwig Chriftums. 

Dai^ef to dieir Lives, iufier an eafie Reftittiit, idiidb 
4>nl7 hinders them from difperfinu? die Poyibp thef 
l^roughc. And had they not been incklingm our Slate- 
i)ufine£, and medling wkh our Princes Grown, there 
had not a drop of their Blood fallen to the Ground ; 
iinto our Sermona; in which the (warvings of that 
Churdi are neceilanly tobe taxt by us, we do not bind 
their prefince, only our dcfire is^iey would joyn with us 
jxi thole Pr^rcr J and Hdy Ceremonksy which are oonunoo 
^o them and us. And £> accordingly, by finguliur diP 
cretion was our Service Book, compUed by our Fore-far 
thers, as jcontaining nothing that might offend them, as 
being almoft meerly a Comfendium of their own Breviarj 
ftnd MJfal'^ & that they ihall lee nothing in our Meet*. 
ffigs, but that they fh^ lee done in their owiu though 
many things which are in theirs, here I grant they fhall 
not find. And here indeed is the great and main difie- 
rence betwi^ u$f As it is in the Q)ntroverfje concern- 
ing the Cammed Book^s of Scriftare ; whadbever we hold 
|br Scripture, that even by that Church is maintained, 
only (betakes upon her to add much, which wc cannot 
think lafe to admit ; fo fares, it in other points of Faith 
and Ceremofru ; whatfoever it is we hold for Faith, (he 
holds it as far forth as we : our Ceremcxiies are taken 
from her ; only (he over and above urges fonxe thbgs 
for Faith, which we take to be Errour, or at the heft 
but Opinion j and for Ceremony, which we thbk to 
be Superftition : So that to participate with us, is, though 
not phropghout, yet in Ibme good meafiire to partici- 
pate with that Church j and certainly were that Ipirit 
of Charity ftirring in them, which ought to be, they 
%«fOuld love and honour us, even for the refemblance of 
that Church, the beapty of which themfelves fo much 
admire. The glory of thefe our Proceedings, even 
pur Adverfaries themfelves do much envy ; So that from 
feenpe it is, th^t in ihcir Writings they trajiuce our Jur 


(y* dealif^ nnth Brritig Chriflums^ /{^ 

diciiiy ^Proceedings agamft them, for fahguinai^ and r 
violent perfwade other Nations^ that fiidi as* 
have fleered by cdurle of piiblkk juftice, for Religion 
only, and not tor Tr^fon, have died, ahd pretend we 
what we lift, our A6lions are as bloody and crud as 
their own .-wherefore if a perfeft Pattern of dealing 
with erring Chriftians were to be fought, there wer« 
not any like uoto this of ours, J« f«4 nee fevtendi^ ntc 
errandi feriundique licentia fermittitur^ which as it takes 
not to it iclf liberty of Cruelty, fo it leaves not tinto any 
die liberty of deftroying their own Souls in the errour of 
their Lives.* And now that we may at once conclude 
this Point concerning Hereticksy for prohibiting thefe 
men accefi to Religious Difputations, it i? now too ktc 
to dilpute of that ; for from this, that they have alrea* 
4y unadvifedly entred into thefe Battels, are they be» 
comtf that wfciich they are : Let us leave them therefore 
as a ftjfBcient Example ^d inftance of the danger of 
intempeftive and immodeft medling in Sacred Disputes. 
I fee it may be well expefted, that I fliould accord- 
ing to my Promife, add Inftrudion for the ptAlk^Ma* 
gifiratej and (how how far this Precept in^ receiving the 
Weak concerns him. > 

I muft confefi I intended, and ^romifed fo to do, but 
I cannot conceive of it, as a thing befitting me to ftep 
out of my Study and give Rules for Government to 
Common-wealths, a thing befitting men of greater Ex- 
perience to do. Wherefore I hope you will pardon me 
if J keep not that Promife, which I fliall with lets of- 
fence break than obferve ; And this I rather do, be(gufe 
I luppofe this Precept to concern us elpecially, if nop 
only as private men, and that in cafe of publick proceed- 
ing, there is fcarce room for it, ' Private men may pais 
over Offences at their pleafiife, and may be in not doing 
it theydo worfe: but thus to do, lies not in the Power 
pf the Magiftrate, vho goes by Laws, ^prefcriblng him 

F 4 what 

vi\ai he U to da Princes axid men in Authority dd 
immy times much abule themfih^ by affe^ng a Re* 
putatbn of Clemency, in pardoning Wrongs o/wt to 
other men, and giving Pratbaibn to ibndry CMfender^ 
^mft tho(e who have jdl caufe to proceed againft 
theta* It is Mercy to pardon Wroi^ oone agaiaft our 
iclves^ but %o deny the courie of Juftice lo him ihat 
calls for it^ and to protect Offenders may peradventure 
be fora^ inconfidcrate Pity,. but Mercy it cannot be» 
All tberefpre that I will preiiime to advife the M^#« 
ftra$e^ is, 4 g^Mr^l fnclinc^^kfiifi to Mrcifid froeud^ 

. And fo I conclude, wifiiing unto them who plenti- 
fully (bw Mercy, plentifully to reap it at the bond o£ 
God, with an hundred fold oncreaie) and thitt ^(fing 
{rotn God the Father of Mercies, may be upon them 
f|ll, ^s on the Sons, of Mercy, as many as are the Sa^di 
on the Sea-ftiore in multitude. The fime God granf^ 
that the Words y/hich we have heafd tMs day, iSc. 



4 » 



I»*ia " 

A Sermm Preadfid oh Eafter-day a Eaton 


Luke XVI. 2 y. 

SoUj timenAir tbat thou in thy itfi-time reccivcdfl thy 

good tUf^si 

1 Have heard a Provert to this iounel, He that hath a 
Dobt to p^at BafieTj thinks the Lent but Jhort: how 
(hort this Leni hath feemed to tne, who ftand in^ 
debted to you for the temaindcr of my Meditati- 
' ons upoft thefe words, is no matter of conlequence j to 
you peradventure it may have feemed lb long, that what 
you lately heard at Shrovetide^ now at EaRtr you may 
widi pardon have forgotten. I will therefore recall in- 
to your memories fe much of my former Meditations, 
as njay ferve to open unto me a convenient way to pur- 
fiie tne reft of thofe L^flbns, which then, when I lafl: 
ipake unto you, the time and your patience would not 
permit me tofinilh. But eVe I do this, I will take leave 
a litde to fit my Text unto this time of Solemnity, 

This time, you know, calls for a Difcourfc coticcm- 
ing the R^fiirredUon of 6ur Lord and Saviour Jrfis 
Clmft ; of this you hear no found in the words which 
J have read, and therefore you conclude it a Text un- 
befitting the day. Indeed, if you take the K^funeSion 
for that glorious A£t of his Omnifotencyy by which, 
through ttie fomer rf his Eternal Sfirit^ he redeems him- 
self from the hand of the Grave, and triumphs over DeatK 


74 ^ A?^^ ^^* Recepifti; «* 

and Hell, you. (hall in thefe words find npdung perti- 
nent : But if you takethis Relurreftion for that ad, by 
which, through the fower offavhig Grace^ Chrifl the 
Son of Righteoufiefi rifcs in our hearts, and raiies us 
fiom the death of fin, unto the Ufi of righecufiiefs^ here 
ki thefe words you may perchance find a notable branch 
of it. For to raile our dioughts from this earth, and 
day, and from thjbgs beneath ( and fuch are thofe which 
here Abraham calls. The good things of our life ) and to 
iet them above, where Chrift Jin at -the right handcfGod^ 
this is that praftick Re(urre6Hon, which above all con- 
cerns us, that other of Chrift. in Per(6n; in regard of us, 
is but ^^urreBion in ffec^lation ; kf to him that is dead 
id fin and trelpafies, and who places his good iq the 
tjibgs of thi3 iifetf Chrift is, were, not rifen at all, 
to &ch a one he i$ ftiU in the Grave, and under the 
bands of Death: But to him that is rjfen with Cbrjfi^ 
^nd iee^s the good things th^t are abope^ to him alone is ^ 
Chrift rifen; To know and believe pcrfeftly the whole 
ftory of Chrift's RelurrefHon, what were it, if we did 
not practice this Relurre6fcion oE our own ? Cogita nan 
exaHtirwn a te Deum^ quantum cognoveris^ fed futntunt 
vixeris ; God will not reckon with theoy bow nrnch thou kguW' 
efty but how well thou haft lived. EpiSetusj that great 
Phiiofopher, makes diis pretty Parable j fhould a Shepherd , 
faith he, call his (heep to account how they bad profits J 

cd, WQuld he like of that (heep^ which brought befwe ' 

him his haj^ bjs grafsy and fodder ; or rather that Jheepj 
which having well digefted all thefe, cxpreft himfelf in 
fsLt^ in flefli, and in wool! ? Beloved, you are the flock 
of Chrift, and the {hepp of his hands ; (hould the great 
Shepherd of the Fio(i qill you before him, to fee how 
you have profited, would he content himfelf with this, 
that you had well Cond your Catechifin^ that you had 
diligently read the Gcfpely and exa6l;ly knew the whole 
,ftory of the BgCmeSHfrn} woul^ if not give him better 

the ianget tf receiving our goe J things in this life: 7 f 

fadsfadion to find Chrift*s Refurrreflion expreft in yours, 
and as it were digefted into flejh ^d w9ol? i >3 «p€7^ 
Hn Ri, XfvafTwif inymth^h lb have^ read Chrypfpus 
bisBoo^, ibi is. wit Virtue: To have read die Go^l, 
to have gathered aH the circumftances of the Refurre- 
£lionof Chrift, this is not Chriftianity : to have rifin 
^ Chrift hath done, ib to have digejied the IfgfiirreBion of 
Cbrsfiy as that we have made it our oum^ this is rightly 
to underftand the Doftrine of the Refiirrc6Mon of 
Chrift. For this caufe have I refilled to treat this day 
of that Refurrc6Hon, in the DoSr»w of which I know 
you. zte ftrfeB J and have refledcd on that, in the know- 
ledge of which I fear you are imperfeft : which that I 
jtnight the better do, I Jbave made' choice to prof^cute 
my former Meditations, begun when I laft (pake unto 
you in the place ; for fb doing, I (hall open ynto you 
one of the hardeft points of your Spiritual HefitrrefUm, 
even to rai(e your thoughts from the things of this life, 
and (eat them with Chrift above^ 

To make my way nfiore fair to this, I will take leave 
to put you in mind, in (hbrt, how I proceeded in the 
opening of the(e words, when I laft (pake unto you 
out of this place : You may be pleafed to remember, 
that after (bme inftruftion drawn from the firft word, 
SoHj I proceeded to confider the enfuing words, wherein 
having by an Akhimj^^ which then I u(ed, changed the 
word [^J^cordare^ Hgmember^ into ^Cave^ Beware^ and 
io read my Text thus, Beware thou receive not thy good 
things in this lije^ I (hewcd you, that we had never 
greater caule to confult our beft wits, what we are to do, 
and how we are to carry our (elves, then when the 
world and outward bleflings come upon us^ Upon thk 
J moved this Queftion, P^hether or no, if tffc things of 
this morld fhauld by fime p'ovidence of God k^iock, and offer 
fbemfiJves to us^ we are hound to exclude them and' reftife 
them ? or, ^me might open and ^dmit of them ? 1 divided 

^6 Tie ifich ma»*s Recipifti { ir, 

inv m[9ftr oocordtiig Co the Jhirs ^bSiaci and ftitngih 
at man-- firftf ^ fo^ eapirt^ a^tfiaty hediat hoih 
^«ngdi and Q>Htual wKH^teloteaMgettietn, kttAn 
ftccire tbem : But in th^ feoond pkoe, he diat is itenk,^ 
kt him kt ftrong Diet alone, and feed m herbs ^ let faim 
. notintangk himftlf with more then he can nxmage; 
Let him try, :^md firrereafent^ ^mivahma bmmri*"^^ 
Todie fhfi^ the (um of what I ipake was this, Receive 
them we may, and that wiilhout danger of a Hfgcefifti ; 
firfiy if we ft) mc^W'them, as if we received than not j 
'fecmil^ if we eftecmed them not good; tbtrdly^ifwe 
4id nM efteem thsmMrs: And here the timecut me off, 
tand fuSeptd me not tode&end unto the fiotmd part, up- 
on which now I am about to fall. Cave m reeifiasj T^ 
teed 4hou receive Heetby geed 4iings, 

In this matter of Jl^itvi^ mi entertainmg thefe4^«f- 
ward and foreign, geed things j dxft have been tmo^ vmcys 
commended to you, die one die more glorious, to re* 
ceive them \ of this we have ^x)ken. The other the mane 
fttfe^ flit te receive them ; of thii wfi are now to i^k. 
Thele ways are trodden by twe kinds of peribns ; die 
one is the fireng man, and mote virtaous ; the other 
. is meaktrf but more cautelous; die one encounten tern- 
.ptation, the other avoids it : Wc may compare them 
.to the two great Captains, Hamttbal mAFabius^ the. one 
ever calling for die BaiJbel, the other evermore dedaning 
it. Inf one of theie two ranks muft e^ery good man be 
found } if we compare them together, we (hall find, 
that the one is fer more excellent, the other far more 
in number : For tobe able to meet and check our ene^ 
my, to encounter opi;^fions, to a6): our parts in common 
life upon the common ftage, and yet to keep our up- 
rightnefi ; this indeed is truly to i^e^ truly to firw GeJ, 
and men, and theitfoi^ Gtxl theonore, becauie mem 
On the contrary to avoid occafions, to follow djat other 
Vincendi genus ^ . ffon fugtkfre^ tQ QycjxjQmc the World by 




the dof^ if'tMivkig eot g»d things in this life. y j 

Gpfitetnntng $ui4 ^voiding it, this di^ule$ a wife, indeed 
But a weak ai)4 iaiatii^ fjjim: J hac9e often wocdred 
11^ .4^i»>^9, )WbiG^ doting cq^oi^I^ UMn a fe<yidfared^ 
9,Jilit4rs retired,' and MtmkJQx Jii^. ^icfc? not to gwo 
ifi^ty that 9dlc/^£M^:ifi( ia% ^r^recit indeed there is 
no; greyer dfgumeitc of imper(e<^n in gpoi men, 
f*^ ^^ f^ f^iifibtnih fm nittkifHSfemi mt tp Ac 4iMk 
V?itbout o^cer ta.waUc the ft^itk vf^js^tQ cmmatd 
ti}je conampn. QQcaf6^^, put tc^l^e*iol)lx to God s^ to 

thv>^ehes rVfiits Jffiii J^iifift^ffi^i dm^lti erbi ; ineO; of 
no great f^^\^ |i^, \mt^ e^<:^k^ lor themfelves 3 Amm 
ific^ed in p^fb ^ heit^ q^Uedi. ^>fib into oonunoa 
^le, areJike:.^4/8f:J6 1^ Suff^.utt^Ay. igooraht pf pub» 
]^k fpr^&k^i^^^^^ i gl^p Al4tkematii&i4»9 hat 

bj. book oni^, juad . not by jMifiViip\w^o being required 
femeckqe^^ ui m ArR^y tQ iftakej 1^ of his i^^Jr^ftir^ 
knew not tii^^^i^S^€i^c\xtWi^eft^mAr4..rf^9 arid iMktf 
-p^: Yet, ^k)Vf4» Ifiiec^ufc.thfe ^iodrof gocd 'fitnii 
hy he the ^eaiieftr^in Qumber^ mifimtiih iKcaltife is 
is both .an \£\^ and a dangerous en^r lof %DWf. inen,fiGi 
gretend to ftrengtha when the)' 4f!e huir weak^ aod fo 
forgetting their pjape^ range the.m&ives aniongthe/^l 
whereas they ought to have kept ftalbn among the y^-^ 
^^ fort, I ^ill t^^ leave both to; ad?iie my ielf, and 
|llthat heaf ^e t^ ]jil^ better of dtc &&r» thoi^.the 
weaker fide, apd tio^ 9iYo\A x)xt rxfttirmcn of^fifvpifii 
heipe in nay Te^t, iksply nm re^^mwkf hnot recmifi^ 
not adm^ting at. ali of th? o^aeward^ lower^ and tempoi 
i^ goqd. tltfiigSj , rather than by an imf^fovideot toicAf 
haraine£ to thruf): our ielves. ilpoa occaiions whidi^Mrii 
are ungble to as^i^agj? without; odence. This I aot tho 
mor^ willing to do^ bec^ule there i& not among naen a 
greater error committed, and more frequent^. thm ki 
this kind J for in moil thin^ inthe World, nmthai 
have no skill in them^ will be, content lo acknowledg 
their ignorance, and to give place to better expaiehcfc : 



• • • * 

fhouki we* put the di&uflion of feme point of Scholar/hi^ 
to the Plotigb-biftdj or k Caufe in I^i» to the PhyficiM^ 
or a Point in Phsffick,tx> ilatLaw^tr^ none of thdfe w31 
oCfer to interpoley but will adyife to oonfuk withevefy 
one in his proper myfteryj buttet<^er bq made (^ 
Moneys, Lands, places <^ Honour, ^ihd Preferoiefit^ 
and who will €^cufe him&lf, who wilt acknowledge fait 
fgncmmoe^ or weaknefstQ manage than? Whereas iti 
^ the Arts and Sciem^ there are ndt ^ niany erroio;s 
oommilted, as in the^inskitful uieof thde thin^ cum u^ 
mm nuj^tum teridil^fbii trrctury ztA :]^i^ our errours are 
110 where io aahger^ul» : It' is ttierefore d thing inofl: ne« 
ceflaryy that in- this bebdf we advife men, either to 
i(ii6m. their wealk^s^ dr to fu(feH their ftrer^tb. Mala 
catmor effc qiMm farim^ ft^fis fefe • caftm efl^ cdutus ra^ 
riffvme ; bc^er to be cautelous and wary, Aeri ftrong 
and hardy \ the>ftrons^an hath-been olten captivated, 
butdae ^ary man W7 fiidoni* W^ read in mahy' pla- 
ces bf: Mf{es and Smiid 0f H tiace of nien, ^4/i?r in bulk 
and ftature, then the ordinary meri^ unto whom men 
of dmnnon inches 'feemed but as Gra^ffers ; fiich were 
(he AnMl(ims^ the .^yM^ the Harims^ the ^(amsitimimims^ 
the I($phaimsf and die Ete : bot if yoU read the Scriptures, 
you wall find it obferved iinto your hand, that the meiif 
of Icfler bodies always drove them out 5 -if you demartil 
the reaCm, experience will anfwet yoU^ that the one 
went upon the opinion of ftrengthi 'and hardinefi, the 
other of wary wit and po4icy : It feres no otherwife 
with thcfe two ordersr' of men, of which I have 
ipoken^ th^re is the Anakim^ the man that goes forth in 
the conceit of hk ftrengih and vdour ; therfe 15 the man 
of mean ftature^ whbfe ftrength is his warincls ; were 
there a (iirvey taken of both thefe, it would be found; 
that more by far have perifhed by unadvifed adventuring 
upon the things of this World,tben by difcreet and fobci* 
retiring, . 



the da^er of receivitig our good tbif^s in this life. 79 

Wherefore, doft thou find that thou comeft on, and 
thriveft in the world ? that the good things of this world 
.Sxrooe thee, and caft themfelves into thy lap ? that Wealth 
that Honour, that Abundance waits upon thee ? take 
lieed how thou prefume oJF thy ftrength to manage them, 
look well upon them, and fee if there be not written in 
the fore-head of every one of them, H^cefijli. But, Be* 
kved^ I perceive I deceive my felf, for thefe gay thingi 
of the world. carry not their ^cififti in their fore-heads^ 
as they come towards us, they are fmootb and fair : you 
can prognofticatc nothing by their countenance, but fi* 
^ene and Summer weiather: Our great Mafter Ariftotle 
hath told us, That if our |)lea(ures did look upon us 
when they come to us, as they do wheg they turn their 
back and leave us, we would liever entertain ihem ^ 
thefe goodly things have their ^cififti written in theit' 
back, it is never difeovered, till^t be too late to mend 
3t, when death (ummons us, when the world, the flefh, 
the glory and pomp of life turns its back and leaves u% 
then ihall you read ^cififti. Cave therefore, pre(ume 
not, but be wary, and that thou mayeft avoid a I(^ipi/li^ 
eofve ne recifias^ be fure that thou receive not : How ma-< 
ny of thofe) ^ink you, who out of their opinion of 
skill and ftrength, have given free entertainment to the 
world, have made large ufe of the world, lived ahm^ 
dantly^ -fared coftly, dwelt iumptuoufly, cloathed theih- 
fclves richly, when their time and hour came, would 
rather have gone out of (ome foot Cottage^ then out of 
a Princely Palace^ and lived with no noife in the worid» 
that 10 they might have died in fbme peace ? See you. 
not what Ibme great Perlbns in the Church of Hgme have 
often done ? Charles V . the , Primes of Parmoj fiindry 
others, though they lived in all pomp and ftate, yet at 
their death they defired to be buried in a poor Cafuchins. 
hood ; miferable men ! If to die in a ftate of perfeft fc- 
queftration from the world were fo pr«cbu8,(b available a 


8o The l^ch m/m^j J(^€ffi/U *y er^ 

thing ; how much more precious, more available had & 
been to live in it ? For thus^ to die, not having thus li^ 
red, is nothing eUe, but to give fentence againft dieir 
bvm life-; for we (hall not appear before God as we cGcd, 
but as we lived To profe» hate and diflertion of the 
World at our Death, asmoft do; to put an hum3iatioii 
at our death, that live at eaft and in ftate aO our life ; 
diis is but to be buried in a Cofuchins hood: What is ir, 
Bdoved that thus reforms our Judgment, and clears out 
fight at that hour ^ Nothing but this, all our ples^res^ 
au our honours, all the Majhgames of our life, they now 
fliall (hew thcmfelves unto us, and every one cry tnit 

unto us, ^fcipiJHy l!hou hafl recavedthf good things* 

Now, Beloved, that I may a little die better ftrength- 
«n with good reaibn this my advice, de non reciftendo, of 
retiring from, and rejeBing the goodly things of the 
world, give me leave a little to confiilt with my Topcks, 
and to try out of what place I may draw feme Argu- . 
ments to bring you on the eafier. 

And firft of all, were there no other rieafon t& . per-- 
iwadc you, yet the very reading of this ftory, where 1 
have taken my Text, would aSbrd Arguments enough * 
for what meant Abraham^ I befeech you, when he told 
the rich many he had received his good thp^s}' Did he 
ufe feme obfcure and unknown Phrafe, which no cir- 
cumftance of the Story couljd open ? It ftands riot with 
llie goodnefi of the Holy 6hoJiy to tcU us of our danger 
in unknown Language ; femething therefore we Ihall 
certainly find, to open the meaning r caft back your 
eye Upon the defcriftion of the pcrfon, whom jArahahii 
diargcs with this error, and lee if you find not a para* 
phrafe there ? the man to whom this phrafe is applied, 
is defcribed by the properties, of which I undcrfend 
cot that any one is a veriue ; firft, it is fekl, he mas /^/cA; 
fecondly, he tirare Scarlet, and foft Linnen ; thirdly, he 
was ?v?^^K9««y9-, he was Jmal^ smd feafted liberal 

the danger :0f receMng ^- gotdtbif^i in this lift. 8 r 

\f e\nety dayMdothnot liui aeomire de£ription of the 
poribnihew^u^'CtTdur^ For to ^ac odiei^ ptirpoie elfe 
could thk defcriptiqa ier^e ? Either here is his errocnv 
or this .cbarafiier is in vain ; it ieems tberefoie we muft 
condude, that ix> be mA, tockath our f^es cdfify^ to 
fare - Mkioufyi^^^xx^'to ^o^\» to receive.the md thitigs in 
wr /|^/«x(^pr''£me favourable bterpreutioQ' do help us 
out; but weMnuft take heed • how we do, de firifturis 
inter fr^tAtiMkusUiderey didiy whh, and. elude ^Scripture 
by hterpreutibns, poeidn *V jiy^eu^ When S. yoim 
defcribes the world, which ht forbids us to fellow, he. 
make&^sbrteipun of it, the bfi of the ftejh^ dhe 4^ ef 
tie ip^f, and'the/r»fe of life: do not all theie tbree ap* 
pear bart in • the cbm-a8er of our man ? Whefe is the lu/i 
of the e;e^ if it be not in gaudy apparel ? Where is the 
iufi of the fie/hy at Ifeaft or6 grcsLt branch of it, if It be 
not in the u& <£i£iiiBur^ dieri WJiere is the fade ofUfe^ 
if not in' riehei? And what . reafbn have you now ta 
doubt^ Whatihodd be the meaning of J^gcefiftiy thou 
hfi received ihygo6d thingsj He daeo that fears to hear 
a ^ejdfti^ if he- be iricb^ let him not forget to diftri^ 
bute, and entity- tboft bags whidi. lie up by him ;. if he 
be cojil^ hladyikx him turn his Searkt into Sacl^loth y if 
h&feeddelsciouJljf^ ht himtui^n his coftfy Dijbe* into Tern* 
feianei^2XBii Faftir^ : otherwife,^ what can we plead for 
our felves, tharwe Ihould not, as well as this man ut 
my Text, when our time oomes, hear our H^cepijii ? 

But I &e what it vis, peradventure, tl^t troubles you,' 
you will ask me. Whether I will avouch it to be a fia 
to be Iffch^ I muft walk warily, left I lay my (elf open 
to exception : Pelagius grounding himfelf upon that of 
our Saviour J ^It is imfojjible for a rich man to enter int0 
the Kingdom of Heaven ] taught that Leflbn indeed, as 
the words do lie, and would by no means grant, that 
a rich man could be faved'^ but for this the Church noted 
him for an Hereticl^^ for among his Herefies this isfco* 
r^ up for one, together with that, that it is not lanfiJ 

Q m 

io fwior:} hit if beL^m faad'flerer otherwife irttd^ 
Church mfg^ very well have pardonod Um dtatt Ho- 
i^tGc. Mkny times ic Mts oat^ by the ntafoa of th& 
haidnefi of oar hearty thstt. thfre 8 tait^ daager in. 
]we0sng^lQaie truths, th^ jcr aisuntaifaiiig ibmejehiotira:' 
that k is lawful lbmetiineK> fjpott our ttk^fiK ^b$l k i». 
lawful to. Eea^ at Cbri^nufij that it ii law^ tO^^Sfi^ar^ 

. aod many other things ofthb iike.iiatuhr,. aor;.alLm<ri6f.}/ 
yet there jVnanedeflinr we ^ihouU pi^ them ia our Ser<*. 
mon$ to the Bbople^ toithiem isnofiair*tfao:JReo{de wiUi 
ever.fergeiitheie^ Cavmitmieft ni mmUmvmmmm^ bet- 
t^ tp. laboor that ^ tlieyv^do'. not too nut^reteendher: 
them^ he diat will labour: ni\ i epa«ffi ugp :tbe Xbuiev 
whidi • pebjple grouiidupoiudiefe^ trurh%. bb^ tematdasx 
the old Tuit^Imfuu^fe^jsHJim*e^9 9f>4pm$^ 
m^fti go very > near to teach 6x^ truth fbc/Sts(ttfP9ix^ h\£- 
]}o6d; ATo retiflm.thpiiT hd6i tjhis d^eflioa to^.our. 
roJj vsian yBda^m^l Lgraat, :;«ia' deceived. Whenhftfliia:: 
all ri(;k. meri^ut oF die;Kingtibm:dF Heaiitoi i^u( iu|>*i 
pofe wemat;befaad phevftilediprtbis.D^ft^^ that be\ 
had wought all the World toi t)sSs.i)(3it, .that the QuqicK 
had received it for Oedidlkkvl^sdhiii^*^^^^ 
that can, what ind:)nveEii]AnGe WOuldfhavejktlSedded'. tiib^' 
errour^ If every neb mail flvmld iuddei^yytxsSQtfne Uberl 
ralj and dbbuHTe his Mofieys where his. CharfQTjjdiredl- . 
ed him; if every faimed.GaMm dH turn his Beacock^ 
feathers into' S^cJ^-daM; if every ^^a^/^ left,. his. ;^ 
<3^/, and.betookhimfclf to T<?»afrr-««wf and. F4^^^^ 
and thought himfelf in Confcience boundfo^ outr 

• of fear, left he might hear olrK^cefiftiy I iperlwai^ my 
felf the Sme- of Greece would never Juffev^ the. mOiC vor 
this, but the State of Chriftiamty wodd have ^ived 
the more. Well had it been for our rich man here, if 
he had been a Pel^ian-y for this Point of Pelagian^ is 
die fiireft remedy that I know againft a< if^efiftii 
wliereas on the contrary fide , by realoa of the 
•. truths 

*. 1. 

the danger cfir^eiving our good-MngK in this life\ S } 

truth) : many ridi and covetous perioos flktter dicitifeh^ 
M. their. fih) t whereof tbejr.die wdi peeked,. fincMtt 
which ^j had been freed^ had it beeaiheir gbod fo]> 
6ine to hiyrebcen thus far deceived,, and \^tm¥ek^m§i 
\^t men therefore either qpicerc^ ricAfx, if they offisr 
ifecn^elvea, wliichialhft aivifle I give, or if they witt^ 
l^yecthanrracceptaace^ let them believe, ditt if diey 
be w^i: thfcyj may be iavo^jJbutlet dkrii lb /w; as 
if.lhey co^ld not^ for the ^cSna ijiall keep tfaepi from 
«xr<^«r: in chelr; Fm^Er, the other from fin in dieir^(R^y»x. > 
• Aifecotid: isalon, perfvvadii^ us to the xac^Sc of muchladmiredthiogs^c^tfie wwU^ n tfae.ooiiii^ 
dfiratibn:' c^; cbrtainvabufi^ Mrhich they . pat i^xxi vs^ 
certain fdlas^es^ 2fxA, falfi glojfes^ by which they delude 
us J. £br I/know/'dcK how, the world hath cried tfadsi 
up, andhathgtyeitdiemgoodfy tidd, ^/ vel ta^sgal^ 
Unacei Jper^e foffisimftams,^^^ Plii^ fpeaks; luen call 
tlkm'bI^iBQg^v40d.favours» and rewards, and think 
tboie mentooft bbft of God^ who enjoy nwfft of thm; 
ilieib goodly^ tittes\ferve for nothuig but to fet menon 
longing after them, and lb £11 thole that have diem 
vrhh}h\&^ petlWa{k>i2S, and dide that haye than not with 
de^air andi;.di&QliteQts. Were thcgr indeed blelSngs; 
were.' rfie^: rewards, . daen were our cafe very ill, and 
wie bur l^vesiil^ater danger of a H^cefifii then before: 
ibr as ^^m^bawfafire. tell& the maaof recefifti kma^ thoui 
hafi; received tby. . gooi things^ lb our Saviour tells inore 
then, osice lof fiune qui baten^nitrcedem, have their .re^ 
ward J' if then wb {hall beg, and receive thefe things at 
the bmds of God^ as a reward of our lervice, we ihali 
b^ no. more able, whea w^ come td appear before our 
God, tolhelter our lelVes from an habitis mercedemy you 
have your reward, \ thcki dier rich, man here could de- 
fiend hiipfelf from a l(ecepftr. They may uideed pafi 
for rewards, aijd bleflings, aaid that truly too, but roa 
ftdand dilconlblate end 'y for there .is no man, though- 
t . G a, ■ aevcr 

^4 ^ Hf^ '^^ RccepifU; cr^ 

neverio trieked, but tint ionle way or oditr doch femtf 
good,, feme cv/ o£ c<iU ^r^/r h^h been given, lome 
finall fcrvice enterprited even by the worft of men : 
noW God >x4io leaves no firvioe unrcwaided, no good 
ofllkie 'imre^)e£led,ahere£bre pr^rves theie SMixtaurf 
hleffings or purpofe, ta foria fiiciat, to deat accomui 
wkh men here, who :otherwi£ rashc ieem to claim 
iomcthtng at his hand at that gftal: &f. It s the que^ 
ftion AhifiitrusvaskcSj- Mmu HMtur and Digidiy^ hath Item 
dtms to MnrJeeaifor this ? God k more carefvl of his Hp^ 
nour then jlhafuerus was ^ none more careftil than hb to 
reward every ^rvicewith fome honour: l4chicbaAie:{^» 
livas no Saint, I trow, yetbocaufeof bis long-fervioe io 
the (iibduing of Tyre^ God gives him B^ift for his re- 
ward,' they .are. the Prophet E:{ednets words: when 
ther^re thou feeft G^ willmg to bring the eWorld up* 
On thee^ to emkh thee, to ratfe thee to l^onours, Jujfe-^ 
Bam hah banc Domini ivdtilgemiamy as Tertftfimi ^lith) ^ 
jealous' of . skis courtefie of: QoJ', or nober cry outwitb 
St. Bernard^ Mtfericordiam hone nolo Damine^ O Lord, t 
Sift!! none qf: this h}nd of mer<^ : foT'ho^ knawcfk rfiouwhe* 
ther. he rew^d *not thee, as he did icdwchad9te^:(arf only 
to even accounts witjji thee, and (h^Jcheeihat be is not 
in thy debt, that thou mayeib hear at the laft either a 
i(ecepfftiy or an habes mercedsm^ thaa. baft slij^ remarJ? O 
quanta afud Deim mcrcesj fi in frajimts. framium non Jfe-^ 
rarent^ iaith St. Hiera/n^ O bom great a reward might moft^ 
men receive at the hasidofGod^ tf they did not anticifate 
their reward,- and dejtre it in this life ? Why do we capi-* 
tulate with him for our Services ? Why not rather ofUt 
of pious Ambition defire to have God in our debt ? He 
that doth GtKi the greateft (ervice; and receives here 
from him the leaft reward^ is the happieft man in the 
World. There goes a ftory of Aquinas^ that praying 
oece before the Crucifix, the . Crucifix miraculoufly 
i^r^ thus unto hioif Bene de rm Jcrijfifti Tboma, ftan^ 

the dof^er ^ YfieMng mir food thif^i in this lift. 8 jT 

^omereedem4ceip(is} lUu bifi mruten meH tf meThoman 
wh0 r^atd ^ jbofi Jofire ? To .whom ^^>m/ is made 
fo Af^fiferi K$iitan^ Dominoy fr^tur Teiffum ; Mv nmard^ 
JLfrdf hit$kf\filf: ''Ifisgrca^'pity; this Tale is not true, 
it dodi io exodlkntly tea^h^ ^hat to ask of God for our 
reward in his firvice. Let; God but afTure thee of this 
reward^ c^^^a omnia vota Deo rinuttas, thou mayeft VC" 
ry well p^ixlon him all the reft. Let us therefore 
amend our Language, and leave off thefe ibleciftns, and 
mifipplied denomipations of vblefltngs, and favours, and 
rewards, names too hi^ for any (hing oinder the Mnon, 
and at oi^ kifiire find out other names to exprefi them j 
as for d)is great eftcem which .we make or the things 
jbelow, it comes but from this, that we know not the 
yalueof things above; did we believe ourietv€s to be 
the heirs, ami the Ions of God, and knew thr price of 
our InherltanQp in Heaven, it cwM ikitrbe, that we 
Ihpuld har^ur & high and honourable conceits of earth* 
\y thmgs. It is a famous Speeph of hUrtin Luther^ Homo 
ferfeSe credens fe ejfe haredem (3 filium Dei^ mm diu fufer* 
Jies manerety fidfiafim immodko gmsdio akfor^eretar,: . Did 
4- man indeed believe that he is a Smand Heit uruo Godj , i> 
fouid not kof that fuch a man flyoidd hmg live^ W farthmitb 
he mould be fiMllowfid t^^ ^die ^ irnmoderate joy. And 
patainly either oyr not believing, or not rightly valuing 
the things of God, gr howjoe^er^ . not knowing them» 
is the caufc oC tbo^ our laAgaiQiing; and impatient long- 
ing ffter ea/thly things. I^ is Ixic a plain oimpariira 
which I fh^ll u^, ye; because it fits dje Periorito whom 
I will apply it, and Ji^^ufe it is TbeofkaiLff^ b his Com- 
ments on $uL$tkf\ Gofpel, I will not he a(hamed to 
make u(e of it ; SmiftejGurh he^ hove their efes Jo Jramed^bat 
thejf cannot look^uf t9 Heaven "^ their H^pert tberefwre wbtu 
f hey find themfelves trouhipi mtb their oying^ are wont to 
fofi them upon their boc^s^ i^ m^tJmdr ire/dv^i fi/ofvy and 
j[o maki thm eeifi their crying ; for that Be^ bciqg ama-* 

G y T£li 

1 , 

86 Tie Hjeh nuais Rjecq^fti ; » 

eed ta (ee the framt and beauty of Heaven, whidi be» 
felt; he had never feeo, bunnMvtfu >^ «!>«, being 
ilridcen with adnairation, forgets his ciymg : Tbe ^yes 
i& many men (eem to beframed like thdft e( Smint^ 
they arecDC able to caft them «/ to Heaven; for wouM 
they but caft thcmfelves upon their backs, tiim their 
iace from earth, and view the beauty of thit^s above^ 
it could . not be,, but all this claim, or rather claaloui^ 
jifter earthly things (boald utterly ceale. 

Again, ( yet the more to quicken one to the negleA 
of diefe things below ) among many other faUMcies^ by 
which they delude us, I have made chcrice -of one more : 
They prdent thcmfelves linto us, ibmetime^ as Neceffaries^ 
fometimes zsOmamems unto us in our courie (^virtue 93^ 
h^>pine£; whereas they are biit meer impertinences, nei- 
ther is ix. any way material whether we have them yea, or 
no : Virtus, cenfiim nou r^^uirit^mJo ifwHine ct^enta efi ; Virt^ 
4nd htfpinefi require n^hif^ eife ina a man : llius faith the 
- Ethnic^ and Chriftiauitx much more : For it were a ftrang 
thing that we fliould think, that Chrift 6ame to nkke 
Virtue more chargeable*! In regard oi*Virtue and Piety\ 
all eftates, all conditions, 'high and k>w^ are alike. It 
is noted by Petrmius for the vanity of rich itien, «^«/i 
Jolas divitias exiruere -carant^ ^hil volunt inter homines ntl^ 
Uus credit quam quod iffi tenenty Thofi fken nrhqfi minds 
4re fet upMJfialth and. ^ebes^ mo^ld havi all men believe 
that it ir b^ fo tot A.'^ But rkhes and poverty make 
HQjdiflFcrence, !<»: we believe him that hath told us, there 
is ^ difference,^' ^em dnd Gentile^ high and loWy rich 
astd fooTj aUdre4meiHChrifi Jefus. Non naturae pauperta^y 
fid ofiniom eft^ fiith St. Ambrtfiy Poverty , as men call k^ 
ts but afanfiey thcrc*istKI'(uch thii^ indeed, it is but t 
figiuent, an'Iddl, ^menfirft framed, and fet it up, and 
ateerward^feafed it y Oduli noflri ttta had lunaria efiy a^ 
(ome ^iiiumUfts\<A\ wi, that <^e ^ain-bom is btftdiofusy a 
ir4/*g &mti only by thfc eyie ; fo this di&rcnce betwixt 

t n I ' 

\ tii iai^er pf recei^A^ ctiir good things in this life. %j 

rieh^dfoor is t>ut the cKcature of tbe tye^ $mpi^idesi3ai^Sjh 
fijr/rr was grown loextrem^^ 

^eaiy With the Eght of another mans labour, and there- 
fore when Ibmetime he ixw ^foai^a^xi ^tggiQKi ^nd pain- 
jbji&f kboUrfeg,lieli^gaii lby/im)i^dfam^ anS requires to 
1)e removed? fielov<(L yi^qvvfpjfxc thus oflFendod toiee 
ahotJh^ ihan meanly ciad| meanly nouled, meknly traded^ 
>11 Ibis ]|s but out of a ^jbdritilh Hmculous daintine& fbV all 
this is but togrem meary at the fight cf another fhhrs laBour : 
Would we follow our Saviours precqpt, and fut out this 
^ecfmrs^ theote^^ft part of all diis' vanity werfe quife 
i^)ctinguifh4i; ^rwhat WIM df outward (hte aniti>omp 
jmagm^e, were no eye to Ikf or Wgard it? 

N^w, Beloved, yettoiee this nK^^plairtfyy wiiatisthe 
inaan end of our Ufe? what is it, at which i^itfa fe much 
pain and labour we ftrive to Arrive? It is, or ihcfild be no- 
idbiingeUb but Virtue and fL^finefi : xnqw thefe are ^ke pur- 
jchafible in all eftates ^ poverty, diieafe, diftrefs^ eontuiiw- 
iy, cont^pt i thefe are as well dieotyefb c/EtHrtue^^ealtlfj 
liberty, honour^ reputaticxi, and the reilof thtit ferdpokdi 
rank; Hapfni^s therefore may ajs well dwell WiA the poor, 
milerable, and diibdO^ perCms, as with peribm x^ V^ 
fiftimej lince it is confeft by all;, that hi^fifi^s is n<^ing 
ielle but oBio ficundifn virtutemj iSikadifig ofmr life dswtdsng 
so virtue. As great art may be e5q>reft in t)ie .cutting of i 
FHm^ as in the cutting of ;a Diamdnd^ and fo tbe work-maki 
ido well e^qprefi his xA.^ iioman wiU blame him for the 
baiendsofthei|ii^/<^r,ordiinkthewo):^of his^ork: Be* 
loved^ fome man hath a Diame^^ (air and glittipring For- 
tune } ibme man hath xFiiht^ ^ hard, buih ami deff^bfe 
jPortune; let him beftow the (ame skill and pare in polifh* 
tng and cutting bf liiclatter^ a^Hewoukior coukihave 
dbne on At firmer ^ and be confident it will be as highly 
Wlued fif not more highly rewarded) by Gorf, whd is no acr 
pefterof perfi^^ bilt acceffeib etfery tnd^ accardi*^ to that he 
hasb^imdn^tUdcorJingiotbathe bush ms\ To him let lis 
^commit our £dves : To him be all honour and prsufe,now 
andyw*^^. Amen. G4 Numbers 


Numk XX^V. yeifc Kxiii. 


, the Land cannot be ckdnfed of Blood that 
is (bed initk but fy the Blood of him iba 
pea It. 

|Hefe \yor^ are {jijceunto a Seerfim : for as 

in that, & i^ tfac(e, the felf-gtiic thing is 

both fVf^. and ifpmedr: Blood is the Pc^ 

finy Blood b the ^pncdy ; he that is ftrick^ 

en with the SccTpim^ muft take the Oyl <fAe Scorpion to 

cure hioL He that hath foifif^d a Land wkh die Sin 

of Bloody muft yield his own Biood for AnHdfitt to cute 

It, It might leem ftrange, that I, (hpuld- amongft Chr^ 

CBans.thus come and deliver a Speech of fiiW. Fot 

when I read, the Notes and Gbara£i;er$ of a ^hriftian i6 

Holy Scriptures, methinks it (hould be almoft a Sin for 

iuch a ope tx) name it Poffffs yow^ouh nn B/uienct. fly 

this ft>si men k^0 thi^ je 4re my Difcifesy tfye love «fte 

^mph^. Peace I leave mth you* The Fruit tfjhe Sfirijt i 

JLeve^ 9^5 P^^^ i*» ^^ ^<>6' Ghofi. Let your Sofinefs be ' 

hpomn to aB- men. * 7he IV/fihn that is frorh ahofve is fi/fi 

fuorey then' feaceahley^ gfntle^ e4if to he entreated^ f{tU of 

tneri^y. It is' reported by Avenspar a great Phyficiati; 

that he w* fotendfetwhearted, thn he could* not eqdure 

ro fee ,a mao: let Wbod r i He that (hould read thefe Pat 

iages of Scripture,-mighc: think that Chriftiims were | 

like Aven^oaty that: the j%^f of Blood fliould beeoough 

to affright tbem^'f ' But is the commm ChriJUanib -fifty fo ' , 

. cender*hearted ? is he io peaceable, (b tape and tr^£tst^ 

ble a Creature ? You ihall not find two things of moi« • , 

•diSerent Countenance and Complexion,, thaivthat Chri- 1 

<M... .:- <..;w/-. ..■•-..'. h - . : ,.:.-.■•-- ;ftianity ■ •! 


ftismtf "V^ich 1$ cxxnmenHecl xmtd us in the Wridi^^ of 
the ApfAks^ and Eyangelifts, and that which is cur* 
reht^in ule and pmft^ c^the tinm. He that {hall be- 
hold the tnieiapeof a Chriftian, as it is deciphered and 
painted out untbxis in ^ Books of the New Teflament, 
and impartially compare it ^ith tb^ Copy or Coun- 
terfeit of it^ which is esqpreft in the Life fnd Deniea« 
nour of common ChrifBans, would thmk them no more 
like, than tboie ^keUs rfGold which StJamon made, were 
unto thqfe <( Brrfs whic)^ If^hotoam made in their ftead : 
and might fiippo^ diat the Writen of thofe Books had 
brQU^ votaimgis^ ^nmf fraceftOj had rather, fancied 
to theml^v^ jlpine admirable Patteni of a ChriiHant 
fiich as jtb^y could m$/hy then delivered Rul^ and Laws, 
whidh ierioufly an4 inde^ ought or could be pnu^iied' 
in oonu!non Life 31^4 Qoaver^Motu St. James oUenres, 
that tc which' beholds his futtursl F^dce in a OLfi^ goes his 
nf^^ and immediastfy firgets whas nuamer rfmm he mm. 
Beloved, how careBd we are to look upon the Gla^ 
the Books of Holy Scriptures, I cannot eauly pronounce ; 
Sot diis J am Jure of^ we jo eurwu^s^ a^d. quickly fir^ 
gtf what manner of Shape w^ fzw diere. As d^^eh 
atid j^bi^ botjionie Fa^er, Ija4c i both one Mother, 
.%^rt»?4 ; y^t the one was (nKX)^! and plain, the ;Other< 
rougloi and hairy, of haHh and hard Countenance and 
ConditiQit' : fi> theietwo kind^ of Chriflians, of which 
but now I fp^e, though .both lay claim to one Father 
and Mother, both call themfelves the Sonis of God, and 
the Sons of the Church, yet are they almo(l: as $mlikf as 
SaaA und ^fmi the (xie fi^ooth, gentle and peaceable, 
<he other roii^ and harffa* *.The Notes aixiChara6lefs 
of Chriflians, as t^y ^re defcribed in Holy Scriptures, 
arcJP4/>fi9^f,'eafily putting up anci digefting of Wrongs j 
fhimiUty^ preferring aU' before our (dvesr^ 
tells lis, that $he iV^dom that^ i from nhovoj is firft fure^ 
then fc^cMof fenile^ e^fie to he entroMed. ' St. Jimies in- 
iv'. \" deed 

9<i ^ Sermk m DfiA^ 

^eed hath gittQ the firft place wiro ^iixky^ mihwtn 
dmoft a fin to compare Chiiftian Viitues togtlAsttf mi 
make them ftrive for Precedencjr and Place., For what 
S&bmm&tth upon another occauoti, is here much mom 
true» Soj^ mtj Why is this thitf tetter tUn tbst ? fir eiefp 
ihifig m its time is fe4etuible. Yet he that (halt mark 
how tyevj where the Scriptures commend unto us Gm- 
ilefi^s and Mtekgtefsy and that PeMe is it, fum mbi A* 
fffidi tiftis virihu Sfiritus fandi eetmhmJLpit^ as TeHulkm 
feeaks, which the Apoftles endeavour widi all tM 
ftmigdi and force cf the Holy Ghoft to plant among^ 
tK might a little invdt the Words of St. J^ims^ and 
itad them thus, The H^dem ikat isfhm dhe^^ is fifi 
fescedk^ thenfure, TheSon of God, whois theWJi^ 
^om of the Father, and who for us men came down 
from Heavt^ firft, and before alt other Virtues comf* 
mended this unto the Woiid : Forid»enhe wasbtai^^ 
the Song of the Angels was, Fe/ice stf&n emfh^ tend goei 
Witt temarJs men. Afi his Do6hrmewas Peace^ his whole 
Life W2iS jeaceabkj and no man be4rd hi^ Veiee in sik 

Streets: His laft Legacy and Bequeft left unt^ his Dit 
dples Was the i&ine ^ Peaoe^ lakh he, I le^ifoe mte jim^ 
mj Peace t give vnto yen : As Chrift, tb Qiri(Uah& In 
the bmlding of ^dlomons' ler^e^ there was ne Ucttie <^ 
any Hammer, (^ any Inftfumcnt dF ton ; lo in die 
({nritual building and frame bf aChriftian, dieiie is no 
found of Ifxm, no nolle of any Weapons^ nothing'buc 
Peace and GentlenelS; Bst fraceptefidei nen mimu res sta 
eft fine ratime fiifceptaj qtutm in oferihs legis homicidimj 

fiith St Atiftin^ Unadvilcd Anger by the Law of Rtitb^ 
h as great afm as Muttber was by the Law o(Mfis. As 
feme Pfyjicims haVt thought, that in man's Body, the 
ipktn hath very little ufe, and might well be Ipared') 
ind therefore in dealiilg with limdry difiafbd Peribns^ 
they endeavour by Phyfick to abate, and take away 
that part in them, as much as may be i & if w^ kx>k 
' • ■ lato 


into a Chriflian Man, as he is prdpqfol to us tti tlie 
tScrfpd, "^e may juftly xnarrclto yihstc purpofe God 
liath. planted ' in Wni Ufa!^ Faculty and Paffion of Anger ; 
'fincc he hath fe little dc of it j and thcGoipel in a 
'rttenncr doth IpiVitually IXxt and Pfajfick him for it, 
«nd endeavours much to abate, if not quite to purge 
out that Quality. Bdpved, we have hkherto fien who 
Jacob is, and what manner of man the Chriftian is, that 
IS defcrft)ed unto lis in Holy Scripture. Let us a Httle 
conEder his Brother Ejau, the "Chriftian in paflage, and 
who commonly in the Account of the World goes for 
one. Is he fo gehtle and tradable a^Creabirc^ Is his 
Countenance fo . finooth, his Body 16 free from Gdl 
and Spleen ^ To try this, as the Devil fimeHmet fi^^ 
tnifo Job, Touch him in hi Goods^ touch, him in his So^j 
mdfit if he mi not curfi thee to rhjf Face : fi> touch this 
man a litde in his Goods, touch him in his Reputaooti 
and Honour, toudihim in any thing ihat he loves ffor 
this is the only way to try how far thcfe Commands of 
"Bsace, and Forbearance and long fcfferifag prevail widi- 
us) and fee if he w31 not forget and loofe all his Pad- 
ence! Which of us is there that underftands the "words 
and Precepts of our Saviour in their Ktteral Senfe, and 
•as they lie ? The Precepts of fufifering wrong, radier 
than to go to Law ; of yielding the Coat to him that 
^ould take the Qoak, of readinefi to receive more 
Wrongs, than to revenge one : tibefe dnd all the Evan- 
gelical Commands of the like nature Interfretjtmehto d^ 
torfitnmsy we have found out favourable hiterpretatibns 
and Gloi&s, Reftri6Uons and Evafions, to wind our 
ieives out of them, to ffailFt them aH off, and put them 
by| and yet pafi for ^und and currant Chriftians : Wc 
tfiihk we may be juftly angry, continue k)ng Suits in 
Law, call to the Magiftrate for Re\^enge, yea,' fbme- 
times tak^ it into odr own hands: all this and much 
"inore we diink we my lawfully, acnd with good« rea* 

■'"-} • \ ••:■ •• : " ••. " ■ . '' /■ ''^^ foa 

ton doy my tVecept of Chrift totfair contrary nqcwjild)* 
ftaniding. And ste it ulually corner to pals, me penni^ 
ting am tolerad^g leflerfins, opem way to greatt;r^ S> 
by giving pa^gp and inlet to thoie lefler loipatieqcQi^ 
and Dilcctfitepts, we Uy open a Gap to thofe fouler 
Oime^, even of Murfher and Blo0tj/he£. For as men 
commonly luppoley that all the fbnner Breadies of our 
Patienoe, whioi hut now I mentioned, may well enpudi . 
(bnd with, die Duties of Chriftians : (b there are who 
ftay not here, but think, diat in /bine cafes it may bp 
lawful, yea, peradventure neceflary, at leait very pair* 
donable Ibr Chriftians^ prhrately to £ee^ eaph others 
Blood, and put their Lives upon their Swords, withoi|: 
any wrong to their ypcation ; out <^ this have fprung 
many great Inconveniences, t;oth private and public^ 
Firfl, Lsms made top &roqrabIe in cafe of Bloodfhcd. 
Secondly, a too mudi fiiciiit; and eafmefi in Prince^ 
and Ma^rates, ibmetimes to give Pardon and Releafe 
for that Crime. Thirdly and duefly, f for i( is dip 
Ipecial Cau& indeed that moved mett> Ipotk in this Ar- 
cument) an ever Promfttufi in tosifXJ joufig mfn^ whp 
oefire to be counted men of valour and reiolution, upop 
' every flight occafion to raiie a Qparrd, and acjmit of no 
other means of conapofing and ending it, Ixjt by Sword 
and Single Comhaf. Partly therefore to fhew the gtie- 
voulhefi and grcitnefi of ^ fin of moodjhcdy and part- 
ly to give the beft Couniel I canfbr the, reftraint qf 
thoie Con$:eits and Errors which give Vfay un^o it, J 
have made choice of thefe few words out of the Old Te- 
ftament, whicji but now I read. In the New Tefta* 
ment there is no Prectiy[% gl^cn poncerning ^lood/hed. . 
,The. Apoftles (eem not io have thought that Chriftians 
ever ihould have had need of (uch a Prohibitbn i For 
what needed to forbid thoie to. ieek each others BlooJj 
who are not permitted to ipeak over haftily one to ano- 
ther. When therefore I had reiolved with my iclf to 


I I 

frenth^d t» the Hague* 9} 

^)eftk ibinedikg concerning the fin of Stoadfied, I was 
h A mander ^conftraki'd to refled i^xm die Old Tefta* 
Inent, and tn^e ch4ife<^ dieie wonb; And^ Lmd 
'cannot he fwrgti 4 Blood tba$ is Jhed im it^ ht fy tbo^Blood 
^ him that fifed it. 

In whidi Words, for my more orderly proceeding, I 
w31 obierve tbefe two general parts : JR^, the great* 
nefi of the £b Secendlff the m^ans to deaofe and &- 
tisfiefbr theGmltof iti The fii^ft, (hat is, die gteac* 
ne& of the Sin, is etpreffed by two circum^bnces. Firfl^ 
by the^ generality, excebt and latgenefi of the Gidfe 1^ 
&: ^ficondlyjby thediflScdtyof deanfing k The 
krgbidi and Compafiof the giult of diuifin, is nocfal 
unto OS in the Mrord Land^ and the Lmd tmmthfurg^ 
td* It is true iivibme fenfe <^alliihs^ Nemofihi mi er^ 
rsty no man fins ift pri^te, stnd to Umfelf alone; For 
as the Scripture notes of that-aftion oi^eptbe^ when heL 
▼owed his Daughter unto^God, That it becmee a Ctfiont 
in tfiaely lo is it in all (ks: The Error isoidy in one 
Peri[bn^ but the Example Q)reads far and wide^ and 
ihlis every man that fins, fins againft the whole LmJ^ 
yea^ againft the whole World. For who can tell how 
far die Example and InfeSJon of ah evil Adion doth 
Ipread? In other fins the Infe£tion is no larger dnn the 
Diieaie, but this fin like a Plague ; one brings the In* 
fedtion, i)Aw/lo A aa«}, but dipufinds die ror it; yet 
this fin of Biood difiiiles and fpreads it lelf above all o-' 
tber fins ; for in other fins, noxa fe^uitur cafut^ thei 
Guilt of them is confined to the Perfon that com* 
mitted them, God' himielf hath pronounced of them^ 
The SmfinH not hear the fins of the Father , the Sout, 
that Jmnetb flsall die the Death : But the fin of Blood ieems 
10 dftim an Exception from this Law ; if by time it be 
not purged, like the Frt^s ofEppty the mbole Land Jiml( 
of them J it leaves a Guilt uooa the whole Land in which 
k is, committed. Other uns come in like Rivers, and 



^^ f Ji Scmon of pifiels^ 

himk titeJrBack^ tQ tW prejudice^: Wrbip^ o£:prJi 
Vftti^. f^i^ms i bw this coniea inr tike a Se^ /i»gjbg gq^ 

fc,«y Land <lo- lie, tiii;ew\g«di wery pamciJtei^Seyl 
hath caufe to fear, leaft part of the Pep?il|;y fall oa^lmxu 
Wfi^ f^' iajt^ 9(¥k of iC^, :that lo.^ rfter:5*^s 
Ti^^ <W; •pJ*gV«d;^eJtawl of S5^ 
Fjdirr£n^ ht^i^f^Sanl^ioihU Life-4l»«^d^w]fbQi|t> an 
]|ui&. €au& fMLlSicMM oHotr^^of t)si^ Gibo^t^i; 
^ ih^^^w^;Gf$iS^ tiU iiek^ of WsNephewadQod 
m ik bi :tbis Stofiy tbece are: mmj things ;]sare« iiupid 
v«^4tli <m gbfijrv^n* Firfk,utb«rg^Si:ality and csecspu 

<|£th€ GuIIf^A^. 8/W;/iS«4 ^whi<d)l>i:^c(^vfefQr:iii4iid& 
I Wficd kl k drcir i: geoarAl* BwH^^- QO dote whd© 
Li(4it£.x ;S(;Qcmdliy ».: the iootMinuaoce and leqgtb of tha 
:Punifbmmt^ i, lit JdUediidl ^thxe^i^^fis 4tid >t)et»^. Third* 
fy^ dafttim^of. ^^Plague ; ttjfeill longiafiwr: Ih^-Berioa 
«i£s^ng ^a9.dead. ,. * FqurtMy^ inhmpfkkii &idSn jd^ 
Tr(act^:'l%i«^£^.^y^«^ hiheSM.(fhimtbii$ fi>k 
i^. : here the ' a^Kwi of :.him. that .did this fip, &ffifed:nQt 
to parget the l^and.&om it; iJmt d^^ciram ?Qd woiiil 
l^didiat befd todi $;^W and h]9\5«ii ia that laft aodfa- 
t^i Baiitei:u|K>iivMouot Qilh^^M toan may think Jbail 
^4f df^ Laod ^m danger o£:fi/«rf^ y^t we^ l^e. that 
thQ ^o^.'of the Gibeofiiios had. loftfifcrdeep. a Stain> that 
kcould not be/pe»n^ed out witjioiiu: tUec^B^updt'of (ereit 
ii(pm: of; JWs : Qflr^ring. So t Kat * ila fonie cafes . it 
l&e^n5^wc muft alter -Uje: Words- of! oiyrT^a, T^. Land 
carmot be fwrgsd<fj Blood, bufkf the Bloddr</ /j/i»j ^«rf. Ad 
Pofteirky tbat/bei it. St* P^w tells us^tbat j5iw:w2dwj/SiR 
go before them mto Ju^gmtint^ and fime mens fip$ foUoa^ 
tfter. Beloved, here is a ^^Xr.exatedt the MimberioE, 
this Divifion, for bowibevft it ^Jiosbrfart or ^n us 
Unto Judgment^ yet it hath a kind oitLbtquityy an^*fix 
runs afore, fo follows us at the Heels,, that itiftays-be* 
biiid us too, add calls for. vengeaace.' long, afct diacivfe 



jn^effd ^ /^ Hague' 5(1^^ 

^ns gffoe] Sfoo4 uffre^eagpd pafles 6x)m Fat)nr toSoffy 
liloe an Hu'^ome orLe^uy: and be tbit die» wi^. 
^KM ^S?% ^^ hU Fingiexsy leaves, hif Qff-%iag^i^ 
Ws Rynfl a? Pledges taanfwerit ia:hy»a4.. As M^r 
En^ertbat wor^j in a Mine, lays ^Ttm^tPF. ijir^I 
clj^a^Mat^h, and leaves it behind. biin»L^^& fli9ttj 
taicehpld of JcbePQwder long after he mgfvni^i fyhtb 
%tfte4ft JWfflit if it ;bc^ i^t bctunfip pwgs4 i# «^,W¥Wi^ 
Iim4^es5a Matfbi^ejp bbw up, q9l4l^::;5ik Pwlittnwfa' 
buj; event awhofe lrf»i4 where fli^jirhffWjlPrengrtkv 
Sf^condly, s[no4)^ Ciliwniftance ifrying^ to- ejfpffft* 
1)8 the grpitQcfi of tbis f*p, I[toId,j?3pitj.w^jttiie;{ 

tfy of dewfisg jt, .Wflated i»J^ 5Wd% cam^i 

dfiodj^errC^ h»v^ fei4)ff ways to wiJh .^^i^ *myip 
MM tfe^ I^M :i<M?i die WonjaHi (^ wa^: Wiqlfia: i 
%]iSafefk of Cbil4>:h^ingfitmght off^va] p^of V^lcrd 
l^f, 9t' mo yfmg.^^o^.^ i(>Mi)m jtr^yck witho 
odi^.fepj^ha^b eiifbef^WT^/^-or..^ fl^jtiili-.befbasb.r 
inpr?,w^ tbm qc&ujto Rur^cbw ; ffPtaya^ rxfitcy jSi^^^ 
or trpe repentance, <ff fitis%<ajk^, to tfee Party, wnwgedio 
or bocJily aflai^Uqn, or,^f»piflar%iy^ui^ : ^?, he thafci 
. tray^. \?itb tbs finyof i^/0^, ;focjhi?a^^re i^^niaips n^ .. 
Sacrifice for fin, but a fearful expe£lation of Vengeance' 
he b^l^ but ope way of ^eai^ngi pn]|y.;hi$S/l^ the 

The i^nd general part^^hicb we coi)fi4ered In tbefe 
woirds,, was, that one mean which is l^ft to cieanfe 
V¥A ^fcft in ^e. ^ words, the BloaJ ef him that 
fl9(t4, »>.. , The, Apoftle to liie. I^hrews fp^king of the 
Saoificps of the Old Teftaxneoc, notes, that without 
Shad jtbere. was no deaqfing, no fbrgiveneis. He fpake , 
it only of th^ B/doJ. of Bfsafts, of Bulk and Goats, who : 
th^foife have their SlcaJj |that they might fbed it in . 
m;^#rvice, and for qo^s Ue. Boi among all the Le- 
vitiqal S^crifice^ there was nqt one to cleanie the Man- 

9^ ptaclji Mt $be HagueJ 

lk}ref i For die BlooJof die Cattle upon a tlmfini hiti 
\h^'ix*.(M5cient for this, yet was that fin to be purg* 
c& wkh Bbodtooy and di^t by a more Gonflant and per- 
j«ftiaF La^;dii^h that of Sacrifices. . For Ae deanfing 
oFo^er fiiis-by B? done away, the date of it isoitt^ 
bbt'ix) ctefllhierlM^i/'by BAwi/ remains as a Law to our 
tlde^* acKf f3' (hall unto the Worlds end : Safigmm;gii^ 
rtnX^ reiihn^ rout of B/W no way to get but by ^Skod. 
'Rfonilm-^ ' ^(h^yniPf, laidi ^ St Bdjili haft thoti Ched 
IM^*; Wotil'd thou be fite'^rom the Gmit of it? 
^.beft'^ay IS tblje a Martyti and flied.thy Bfoad 
f^'OiraV^JS^ki^.^ ^No# Aat'what- 1 have to % may/ 
thfc beftjer te tmo^iVed and fodged lip m your Memoi- 
rici, h will'-cb'nSpi^ehcnd and wcwr all that I WiU ip&ik 
m^ef^m^kiOij'^Fn&.l.s^^^ yet a Ht^' 

tie fiiPther^- briefly fl^eW how great a&i the fin of Bh^ 
h &condly^ : I-^fll ipekk oF ttef • i»edi»efi of feme mii?^' 
orders veryfr#c|Utift'irf om&gtj vi^skh ^^ 
thid ffn; elpiPCbl^ priVitfe Revenge and fingievCbnfcad 
Thirtfly, l^Wmph -ati thtf meahs of taking the Guilt 
of Bhdd aw&y, V^hich here th^-Holy Ghoft comtiunds 
lof thdfe which are fet in Aiitfcorky 'to that pUrpofe; 
And firft of /the' greathefi of 'iftie Crime and fin of - 

Of'finsin iloiy'^ripture thtrfc be two forts record- 
ed. One fort is a filent, dumb,*and quiet fin ^i God 
doth as It were' 'leek after it to find it^ as the People did 
aker 5'4ft/, when he was hidden amongft'the ftiiff: Of 
this nature are die ordinary fins of opr Life, which do 
nfore cafily find Pardon ^t the* Hands of Godr but 
there is a fecond fort of fin, which is a vodil and a<:ryin|j 
fin, a fin like, that importunate PVtdom in the*'Go/pdl, 
tliat will not fuffer the Judge to be quiet, till he hath 
done Juftice^^nd thofe are the more h^viefand grie- 
vou(er fins of our Lives: Of this 'C:cond fort, there are 
two fins, to which the Scripture doth attribute this erying 



r*j T. 

friacffi if the Hagu& 9^ 

]?aculty. Firft, die fin of Sodom ; for fb God tete w<- 
trabamj TJjeCrj ^Sodom tind GomSxriAi ir com&^ufk^' 
fire me. The ieeohd is the fin of Whidi I am ilow td 
fpcskj thefinof J?/oMj/}b^i; fdr lbG<xi tells <7iliii, Th^ 
wee ef thy Brothers Blood criet unto the frorn the Ewrfhi 
The fin of Adam in Paradife, doubdefs was a great 
and hebou^ fin, which hath thiis mkde us all the ChiU 
iten of Death ; yet it feems to be but of the rank of ifen/e* 
fins^ and to have had no Vtnce to betray ifj God 
comes unto Adam^ convents him, ezamins him, as if h^ 
had not known It, and (eems not to believe any £)ch 
thing was done, till himfetf had confelfed k; Bof' 
'Blood is an' unmannerly, importunate, and clamoroug* 
fin^ God fliall not need to 6omieapd enquire-afte^ 4ci* 
' it will come up unto him, and cry as the Souls do uft* 
der the Altar in die B^elation^ lk0 Icng^ Lord^ hom 
bmg ? Ned fdtimur iracmuia Deufh fonere fidminU^ l&flfers 
riot God to forget jiidgment, or entertain a thought of 
mercy. To fitisfie therefore the Cry of this iitiportu-* 
rtate fin, land to fljicw meq the grievpufccis ofit^ the! 
Laws of God and men have wonderfully confpired hi 
the avenging of lUood^ by what means, or by whaf 
Creature foevcr it were fhed. Beafts, unreaibtiablcf 
Creatures, though wtiatibever they do> they cannot 
be iaid to fin : for whatfocvef th^ dd^ they do by 
fooce of that natural inftinit, by which they are guid- 
ed, and led as by their proper Law 2 yet man's Blood i^ 
diey fhed it, i^ rj^venged upon them : God Wmielf k 
the Author of this Law, (Gen* ix.) where he- tells No- 
4hj, The Blood if your Lives I ttfilt require^ at the hands of. 
every Be^ft will I require it : And accordingly in the xxi; 
of Exodus', he precifel/ ena6l:s a Lawi De Baue fttuko^ 
tf an Ox g&re 4 man that he die, the Ox /hall be /Iain, and 
the Flejh cafi away as an Abomination. The Law^ of 
natural men^ who had no biowledge of God, come 
Utde behind tbii j^ yea, they 4nay'ieem co have gon« 
'^ - H brfor< 

9^ .^ Scmm 9fOu$l$^ 

be^rt k in fevere revea^ng of Bkfii^ Fof imongfi: 
tW. Laws by which Athens^ that fiunoUs Gty ef Grc^cv 
Wj|s gonemed, th^re was one, that if a WMl by dianoe 
h^^ltendown and (lain a man, as die Tower of Silo* 
4s# did, of which we re^d in the Gofoei j that theo 
the Judges (hould fit, an^ fbnmlly arnugn that iVaU^ 
cctadenm it, and throw the Stones of it out of the 
Cpuntry. This £> fi^rmal proceeding againft unre^ib* 
nabde, a^inft dull and fenflels Creatures, hath been thus 
joyntly, both by God and man pradliled only for our 
£^mple, to teach us how. predpus the Life of mao 
Plight to he in our eyes j a^d it relembles that A<[^ioa of 
Chrift m the Gofpel, where for our inftruAson, ho 
(^iirfe. the- barren Fig-tree : Stpnlitas noftra in fku y^- 

Npw ^ exemplaty Juftice is (ev^rely dme on thefe 
Cres^^ir^ for mans inftiiU^tion \ ip nuich xnore if map 
Mpii^ I(€!pt not bis hapds clean ifrom £^00^ did the 
I,aws^pf God prooccd with much ftailnc^ and feveri- 
Vf i i^r to (ay nothing of grofi, mallcbus, and wilful 
itorthr-y if a man on^ in hishafie ftipok anotherwith 
^ Weappn, of with a. Stone, (b th^t he died, though 
the Striker intended bu^ to hurt, yet he was to die lor 
it.^ That he did it in Anger, that he did it in his 
Drink, that he did if: provoked, that he did it in de* 
&nce of his Hpnpur and Reputation, none of dll thelo 
Pretences m^ht excufe him. Nay, which is yet more^j^ 
God himfcir prppounds the Cafe ; If^ fiith; he, a num^ 
cleaving iVood^ bi^ Ajc Headfy off^ ^ hiP his Neighbour^ 
fi tha^ be kills him^ exccpt he could recover one of the 
Cities of i^^tf, he was tp die, and having recovered 
aCf/> of i^^r, if before the Death of the High Priel^ 
he \vere taken without the Walls of the Gity, he w^s 
to die. So ftri<9: was Gwl in the cafe of Chance-mcdly^ 
fas they call it} in a Caie which he ^k^ i|nt» himif i^ 
iind makesi bimlelf the Amhor of. f (^ip |^ xxi,. o^ 


frt4tyd4tfhe Hagud 99 

jEx^j ipeaking of the maa diat duns fli^s S/W by 
chaaGc and imWittingly, hi^ Wdrds are diefe, If a man 
lie not In wait, fid Deus objecerh manui ejus, but God 
put him into hb hand^ I Will appoint him a Cit^ o/^e* 
fiige to fly udta In which ^of dn God ackno^edges, 
that lie who thus dies by diance, dies by his Provi- 
dence, and not by the fci of him that ucy Hm. Jf 

Cad (fifth he) fhatl put bim into his hands \ yet you (ee 
What a Penalty he layi upon the InnoCcrit Inftriiment of 
fuch Blooded. The Blood that is ihed in Battel, aad 
in times of lawful War, you all fuppole as lawfully 
fhed, yet notwithftanding, Mojes in the' xvi. of AVwi- 
htrs^ givG& diafge, that the Souldiers retumifigjrom Bat" 
fdj /bouldjiajf a while without the Cantf^ etcn Jeven dajs^ 
untill they were ckanfid : Again, when 'D^id adviftd 
Vithhimfelf libom: die building of an HouJe to God, 
4ie lends hifti word to lay by all thought of that, he 
was no fit Pef (Oii to do it j am he gi^eS the reafon of 
}t,..^/4 ifir betldrum (3 finguinum estu^OT thou art a man 
'haft Jhed much Bloody and fought mdrg Baitehi Beloved j 
die flattds which David fought Were Called the LorXs 
Battels^ and therefore whatfoever he did in that '.kind, 
he had doubtlefi ^cry good warrant to do ; and yet 
you lee, that it is an imputation to him, that he fhed 
Bloody though laW&lly, ut fundi fasigm ne jufle (ptidetk^ 
fine ali^ud injstftitid fcjfu j (6 that it /eems ^lood cannot 
.be jufUy fhed, but that it brings wi(h ir ioihe ftain and 
tpot of Injuftice, t . .. 

All this I have laid to raile up in you is much as poC 
fibly I can, a right Conceit of the height arid heiriouf^ 
nds of this fin, and further, yet to efte<9: this in you, 
as in the beginning, arid entrance into my Difcoiirfe, jt 
briefly toucht at two reafons, fhewirig the greatnels of 
this fin, occafion'^d thereunto by the words or my Text : 
lb will I as. briefly touch at the two more tending to the 
lame pUfpofe) one drawn from the refpedl of the 

H ^ Wrongs 

too A Sermon of Duels^ 

IVrmgy which by this fin is done unto God-^ aether 
from the iVror^ done to our Selves. 

And firft, what IVror^ is done unto G?i; Qod him** 
felf flieWs us in the ix. of Gene/is j where giving this for 
ancverlafting Law, \jJe that JheJJeth mans Bloody fy 
Man let his Blood be Jhed'^ he prcfently adds the rea- 
fon of it, [For in the Image of God made he Man!] We 
fhall the better underftand the force of this reafon, if 
we look a little into Civil Anions. It is the ufiial nun^ 
ner of Subjefts, when they rebel againft the.Prince, to 
think they cannot more efFeftually ejcprefi their Hate, 
than by disgracing, breakings throwing down the Star- 
tues aiti Images erefted to his Honour : The Citizens 
dtAntioch^ in a Sedition againft Theodojim the Emperor, 

' in one Night dilgracefuUy threw down all his Statues ; 
which FaiSl: of theirs cius'd St. Chryfiftom^ at that tmie 
Preacher to that City, to make thofe famous Sermons^ 
which from that Aftion to this day arc called his *Ajfr- 
J^eidvTify his Statues. This by fo much the more is 
counted a great Offence, becaufe nc^tt unto wronging . 
and disgracing the very Peribn of the Prince, a great- 
er Infolence cannot be offered: For it exprefleth with 
what Welcome they would entertain him, if they had 
him in their Power. Beloved, Man is the. Image of 

■ his Maker, drecfled by him as a 5^r4/w of his Honour : 
He then that (hall delpitefully handle, batter, and de- 
face it, how can he be counted otherwife than guilty of 
the htgheft Treafcn againft his Maker. J^heltion^ filth 
Samuel to Sauly if like the Sin of Superjiition and Matty "^^ 
The Sin of Blood therefore equak the Sin of Idolatry j 
fince there cannot be a greater fin of Rebellion againft 
God, than to deface his Image. X/^/^f 37, through Ig- 
liorance, fets up a falfe Image of God, but this Sin, 
through Malice, defaqes, pulls down the true. A-» 
mongft the Heathen, Icraetimcs the Statues of the Em- 
perors were had ia (uch re(pe£l:, that they were ac- 

' :^ ' ' counted 

c. I 


freach^d at the U^tgUS. ioi 

counted San6hiaries, and fiich as for Ofrcnce fled unto 
them, It was- not lawful to touch. Beloved, f^th Ho- 
nour ought we to give unto a Man, that if tie have 
ofiended us, yet the Lnage of God which Cbines in him 
ought tote as a Sanctuary unto him, to lave him from 
our Violence, an Admonitioner unto us, that We ought 
not to touch him. 

A -fecond realbn, yet further Ihewing the hainouP 
nefi of this Sin, is drawn from the TVrong which is done, 
to our fihes. All other Wrongs, wharioever they be, 
admit of fome Recompence ;; Honours, Wealthy Pre- 
ferments, if they be taken from us, they may return 
as they did unto ^ob in far greater meafure, and the 
Party wronged may receive full and ample Satisfaftion ; 
but, PVhat I(ecmpet2ce may he maJe to a Man for his Life ? 
When that is gone, all the Kingdoms which our Savi- 
our faw in the Mount, and the Glory of them, are 
nothing worth, neither is alj the World, all the Pbwer 
of Men and Angels, able to give the lead Breath to 
him that hatk loft it. Nothing under God is able to 
make fitisfa6Hon foriuch a Wrong : the Revenge that 
is taken afterward upon the Party that hath done the 
Wrong, cartnot be counted a Recompence j That is 
dorx&In' terror em viventium, non in fubfidium mortuorum : 
It ferves to deter the Living from committing the like 
Outrage,but it can no way help him that is dead : David 
at the fame time committed two fins, great fins^ Murder 
2nd Adultery ; the reward of either of which by Gods 
Law, !s nothing elfe but death; yet fpr his Adultery ho, 
feems to make Ipnie fitisfa6fcion to the Party wronged ; 
for the Text Notes, that David took her to his JVjfey 
made her his ^een^ and that he stent /in unto her, and 
conforted her, all which may Well be couijted at leaft a 
' part of recompence. But for dead Vriasy what means 
could Dofvid make to rteorifpehce, tQ comfort him? 
J'or this caufe I verily- (ufpofe it is, that in his Peni^ 

IS* 3 tenti4^ 

IQ2» 'a Smnm rf Duelt^ 

tptffatt^fft^ wherein he hewafls his. £% he makes n^ 
particular Confeflicxi, no mention of his Aduttay ^ but 
<^tbe^<^ch^9 of Bloody he is very ienijUe, and exprcily 
prays againft it : f)i/i'¥er 99c from Bloodrguiltinefi, (X 
CoJ, thoH God of my Salvation : as if Adultery^ in cooipa- 
rifon of MifirtheTy were no Crime at all 

I am (brry I ihould have any juft occafioa anyx^ 
ChriHian men^ (o long to infill upon a thing <^fb plain ; 
and {hew that the Qn of Blood is a great and hainous 
fin : But, he that ftiaU look into the Neceifities of 
thele times, i^aU quickly lee that there is a great caufe^ 
why this EWh'ine Ihould be very ef&<9wallypreft; For 
many things are even publickly done, whidi ia part 
argue that m^n efteem of this un mudi more fibghtl/ 
then they ought. Ariflctk obierved it of Phakas^ (ono 
that tQok upon him to prelcribe Laws, by which a 
Common-wealth might, as he thought, be well go- 
verned J thai he had taken order for the preventing of 
(mailer Faults, but he left way enough open to greater 
Crimes, Beloved, the Errour of our Laws is not fo 
great as that of Fb^ed$ was, yet we ofiend too, thoi^ 
on the contrary, and the lefs dangerous fide , for g^eat. 
and grievQus fins are by them providently cutbcd, but 
many inferior Crimes find many times too free paffage, 
I^thcr^ though all be abominaWe, yet there are de- 
grees in it, (bme is more bainou3 than other. Gr6(^ 
njaliclous, premeditated, and wilful, Murthor^ are by our 
Law8„ (b far as humane Wilcbm cap provide, fiiflSci- 
cntly prevented: but Murthcrs. done in, haft^ orbefidesf 
the intern of him that di4 it, or in point of Ifonow a(xt 
Reputation, thefe find a little toq much Favour; out. 
f^aws in this rc/pe(fi are {omewhat defeftive, both ia 
preventing that it be not do**e, and punifliing It whai it. 
is. done ; men have thought themfelveswifer than God# 
preiuming fp moderate, die unneceffary Se.vwty (aa 
they fecm tp think), of ;hi§ Laws. And.hen<;e. it cpmc^\ 

' ■ /.-:»:u ■ ' " ttf 


freachd arth ¥kffX^. loj 

ps^ that iti Mlitary OompUtiies, dnd m all ^eat Ci^ 
dte and places of JiM^ and Coiicoutfe, fe^ Monttis, 
^^ fe^;^ Weeks pais wfthbut feme ihftance ^ttdcXafii- 
^e oi Blood-Jhed, eithef by fiiddeh quarrel, of byctial- 
tenge rod«^/aiid fingle Combat. How many fexam- 
0es irt a flrort ^fce hav6 We fech bf young men, men 
of hot and fiery difpofition, iriutqaUy provoking and 
di%r*acing each other, and then taking themfelra bound 
fli highternlsof vabur, and honour^ to eridtfieir quar* 
fclsbj their Swords? That therefore we may the bet- 
ter difcovef the unlawfulnels oi Challenge and private Qom^ 
hat^ let us a little enquire andf examine in what' cafes 
iloddm^Y kwfuUy, and without offence be fhedj that 
fo we may fee where, amongft thefe, fingle Combat may 
find its place. 

ThtManichhes were of opinion, that it was not law- 
ful to violate any thing in which there was life, and 
tiierefore they would not pull a. branch from a tree, be- , 
caufe forfooth there was life in it To think that man^ 
life may in no cafe be taken from him, is but a branch 
of Mamchifm : and die words of my Text do dire£Hy 
crofi it, where it is laid down, that for the ckanjing of 
Mood, Hlood may, and muft be Jked. Fot the avoiding 
therefof e of the extreme, we are to note, that the law- 
ful caufes of Blood-jhed are either piiblick or private ; 
publickcaufesaretwo: Firfl:, in cafe of -y/f/^/ff^, when i 
Malefaftor dies for his fm by the hand^of the Magiftrate. 
Secondly, ' in cafe of fublkk ^^ and Defence of our 
Country ; for the Doarine pf Chrift is not ( as feme 
have fuppofed ) an enemy to Souldierfhip, and Military 
Difcipline. When John the Baftift began to preach Re- 
pentance, and amendment of life; amongft thofe that 
(?smt forth to underftand and learn their duty, the Text 
fiith, that the Soifldiers canie and asked him, Mafter what 
JhaB we do> And John wills them not to lay down 
their Weapons, or to take another courfe of life ( which > 

H4 he 

f Ci^ ^ Sermon oj Ducls^ 

he .ought and woulc} have done, if ith^t oourie had been 
unlawful ) but he inftrufts theni rather in their Cal-^ 
ling ; for, he gives them thefe two Leflbns, Do no ni,an, 
mrong^.and^ Be content stfitb your Faj^ jowr fVageSj thca 
whioi there could not have been better, or more per- 
tinent, coiinfel given to Soldiers^ thefe being the two jprin-r 
cipal. vices of Souldiersy to wrong places where they live, 
by forrage and pillage, and to mutiny in diflike of their 
pay. When St. Peter came to preadi to the Centttrion 
in the AHsj we find not a Syllable in aU that Sermon 
prejudicial to a Souldier\ Profeflion, And therefore 
accordingly in the times of the Primitive Church, Chrir- 
ftians* ferved even under Heathen Emperors, and tha^ 
With the approbation of God himfelG 

For in the Ecclefiaftick ftory we read of the Legi^ 
fulminatrix^ of a B^d of.Souldiers called the TA/ai<A'/»^ 
'Bandy becaufe that at what time Marcus the Emperour 
lying with his Army in Germany^ was affliiled with a 
great drought, J^nd . in great danger of the En^my, 
, when they were now about to joyn Battel, the Qhriftian 
Souldiers f that Band) fell flat on their faces, and hy 
their inftarit prayers obtained of God a great Tempeft, 
whifh to the Emperor and his Army brought ftore or 
cold refreihing water ; but upon the Enemy nothing 
^Ife. but fire and whirl-wind. The Emperors Er 
piftle in which this ftory is related, is diis day extant, 
recovered by Ji/Jlin Martyr j who lived about the time . 
the thlnj^ was done ; Wherefore we may not doubt of 
the lawfulnefi of that profeflion, which it hath pleafed 
God thus to grace, and 'honour with fucb a Miracle. 
Befides thefe two, there are no other publick caufes of 
Bloodjijed,. As for the caufes in private, I know but one, 
and that is, when a man is fet upon, and forced to it, 
in his own defence. Jf a Thief be Robbing in the 
njghty and be flain, the Law of God ^cqults him that 
did it: and by the Roman Laws, Nofturhum furem quo-' 


frttiche^ ^ the Hague^ i o5r- 

JtMio Uhty Mwnum fi. fe ttU^ JrfewUrtty It -Was hwful ' to 
kill a Thkf by night ^t a^y hand, and l^y day if he ufed-: 
his Weapon; Of -private Bloodfi>ed diere is ho cauie biic 
this, and this wefnuft needs ^w of. For in all other 
private neceflitics into which we.niay be driven, the 
I^w and Magiftrate. have place to whioim we muft te* 
pair for remedy: but incafeof-defeDcc./of life againft 
(iidden on-iet, no Law can be made^ cxtept we would < 
make a Law to yield our throats to Vim diat* would cue 
them, or our laws were like the Pr^/ that came to 
Jerdeam at Be$bely and could dry up mens Arms that of- 
fered violence. * Wherefore all cauie of death, one only 
excepted, is publick, and that for great r^fon. For xo 
die is not a private a£bion to be undertaken at oUr own, > 
or at any other private maas pleafiire ^nd^ djicretion : F<3ir 
as V€| are not born untw . our felves_ alone, but for the 
fervice of God, and the Common-wealth in which we 
live; fo no roan alone, but- with the da- 
mage and lofi of that Church or ConimonTWealth of, 
which he is a Member : Wherefore it i^ not left ,to any . 
private man's power to difpofe of any man s life, no not 
to our own, only God and the Magiftrate may diljx^ 
of this. As Souldiers in the.Camp muft keep their ftand- 
i[jgj neither may they move or aker, but hj direftioui^ 
from the Captain J iblsitwithusaU;. Oitflifeis a war-) 
i(are, and every maji, in the. world h^th hiS: ftation and,, 
place, from whence .|ie may not moVe. af. his own, , or at 
another man's pleaftire, but only at the dirtOam aivdi 
appoiritmentof God, his General, or of the Magillrates,' 
which areas Captains and Lieutenants Under him. .Theit- 
our lawful times of .death are either when our day is 
^me, or to fall in Battel, or for mifflemeanour to Becutf « 
off by the publick hand of Juft ice, Vt qui vivi frodejji' 
f^luerunt^ eprum more re/pub, utatur ; He which otherwife : 
dies, comes by fuireption and Health, apd not warrant*^* 
^ly unto his end. 


MA t^oi^ iKre haVe l^i»i Ibmeehing !n A(Ml(aMr 
and defence <» War, ytx. you may noe think, ibac W 
tkne of Waf your hands are loofi^ and that you may* 
at your pleafure (bed the hhod of ybur Enemy : Mifhi^ 
ctrditet etiam htSd gerantwr^ faith StAu/hny eren in War 
and Battsel there is room for dioughts of Peace and Mer-^ 
cy J and diereibfe many of the anciertt Hi?»w/, reno\m* 
cd Soulcfiefs and Captains, were very eontcientiotis of 
fhedding the H^ad of their Enemie^, except it were in 
Battel, and when there was no remfcdy to avoid it. fa 
that mortal Battel, Sank i. between the Sei^ants of 
DaviJ^ and the Servants of IpjboJhMy the Scripture re^ 
pOi-tS that Ahnef \^tA^ and Aj^hel Joab^^ buoiiier, fol- 
lowing hiqi hard at heels to kill hhn^ j^ner advHes hitn 
twice, Turn afide^ iaith he, wfy Jhmid t Jmte thee te tbt 
gnund ; but when As^ahel would not hearken, but fol^ 
lowed him ftill for hi^ bbei^ then he ftnc^e hini with 
his Spear that he died ; In the time of War, When ht 
might lawRilly have done it, in the fury of the Battel 

jilmr would not (bed Uood^ but by conftrabt. Xtno^ 
fhm would make us believe, that the SoUiers in Cjrm^s 
Army were id well Difciplin'd, that one of them in time 
of the Battel, having lift up his Arm to ftrike hs Eiie- 
lAy, hearing the Trumpet t» begin to found the Re- 
treaty let fel his Arm, ahd willingfy loft his Blow, be- 
ckuie he thought the time of ftrikmg was now paft : Sa 
h» wercf thefe men' from thinking it lawful to fhed the 
IfooibB a Suh^e^l in time of Peace, that they Would not 
(bed the blood of an Enemy in time of War, exc^t it 
Were m the Field. Jttl^us Cafar was one of the greateft 
and ftouteft Captains that ever was in the World, he Itood 
the (hock of firty fet Battels, befides all Sieges and 'Out- 
Roads he took, a thoufiind Cities and WalleaTowns ; he* 
dver-run three hundred feveral Countreys, and in hiV, 
Wars were flain well near twelve hundred thoufind! 

, mcn,-b6fides all thofe that died in the G\Fil Wars, which' 
- were 


freacSd^ at fie Hague. 107 

were gretx nuodben; yec tbis xnan protefted of hin^f, 
aod ibat moft truly, that he nerer 4r^v Uood but in the 
tMf nmwuam nifi in acie ftamim^ tkerer flew any man, 
but in a let Itatxch I have been a little the bolder, in 
hnaghg thefe inftances of Heathen men ; Firflr, be-^ 
caufe the Dextrine of Chrift, chrocgb error, is counted 
an enemy txs policy of War and Martial EKfeipline: Se- 
condly, becaiA we have found c^ many difHn6Hons 
and evafions to elude the precepts of our lAcfkd Saviour 
and his Apoftks^ For as it hath been obferved of the 
God-makers^ I mean dsie Painters and Statuaries among 
the Heathen, they weve wont many times to paint their 
GodJeJfes )akt their Mifirejfesj and then, think them moA 
fiur, when they were moft like what they beft loved ; 
io is it with many Frafifjfars of Chriftiaa Religion, diey 
can ten^per the precepts, of it to their liking, and lay up- 
on thent gloffes and intsrpretations as it were cok>ars, and 
make it look like what they love : Thirdly, bccaufe it 
is likely that die examples of theie men will mofl: pre- 
vail with tfaoic to whom I ipeak, as being i^ch to whom 
abo7e all they a£^ to be moft likej except therefore 
it be their purpoie to hear no other Judgment^ but only ^ 
their own unruly and diforderly afiefHons, it cannot but 
move them ix? fee the examples of men, .guided otAy by, 
jdie light of reafon^ of inen^ I fiy, the moft lamous in 
all the World for valour and relblution, ^ run ib main*' 
}y againft them. . 

To come then unto the queftion of Dttels j both by 
die light of reafboy and by the pra£Hce of men it dofh 
apjpear, that there is no cafe, wherein Subjefts niay 
privately feek. each others lives : There are extant the 
Ijacws o£ the Jems^ framed by God himfelf j the L^w$ 
of thfe {(Oman Empire, made pardy by the Ethnicl^j 
partly by Ckptfiian Princes ; a great part of the Laws 
of Sfarto and Athens ( two warlike Common-wealths, 
dpeqally the former ) lie diij^ried ia our Books: yec 

^moiig . 

'Io8 A Sermon (f iDuehf 

among them all is there not a Law or Cuftom, that 
j>ermits this liberty to Subjcdb ; The reafonof it, Icon- 
ceive, is very plain : The principal thbg, next under 
God, by which a Common-wealth doth ftand, is the 
Authority of the Magiftrate, whofe proper end is to 
compose, and end quarrels between man and man, up- 
on what occafion Ibever, they grow; for were men 
peaceable, were men not injurjous one to another, there 
were no ufe of Government: Wherefore to permit men 
10 private to try theit^own dghts, or to avenge their 
own, wrongly and fb to decline the fentence of the Ma- 
giftrate, is quite to cut off all uie of Authority. In- 
deed it hath beei) fbmetimes &en, that the event of a 
Battel, by confent of both Armies, hath been put upon 
iingle G>mbat, to avoid further efiulion of blood ; but 
Combats, betwixt Subjects for private cau(esj till thele 
latter Ages of the World was never allowed .- yet I 
mufl: confefs, the pradiice of it 19 very ancient : For 
Catn, the fecond man in the World, was the firft Duel- 
i/?) the firft that ever challenged the Field. In the fourth 
of Genefij the Text laith, .That Cain Ipake unto his Bro- 
ther, and when they were in the Fields he arofe and 
flew him- «The Seffuagint^ to make the Senfe more 
plain, do acid another claiife, and tell us what he laid 
unto his Brother, J>iixfl«/uijr ^^ 79 mA'oy, Let us go out 
into the Field y and when they were in the Field, he arofe 
and flew him: Let us go one into the Fields it is the very 
form and proper language of kJChallenge. Many times 
indeed our Gallants can Formalize in other words, but 
evermore the Subftance, and uliully the very words are 
to o^her but thefe of Cain^ Let us go 9Ut into the Field* 
4bel I perlwade my felf Underftood them not as a Chal- 
lenge ; for had he fb dtoe, he would have made io 
much ufe of his difcretion, as to have refufed it j yet 
can we not chufe but acknowledge a fccret Judgment 
of God in this, th^t the wqrds of Cm fhould ftill be 

■ i9 

frcdched 4t the Hagu^ 1 cp 

Jo Religloufly kept till this day, as a Proem and Intro- 
du£Uon to tlmt aicStioD) whkd doubtlefs is no other then 
vsrhat Cains was. When therefpre our Gallants are 
io ready to ChaUenge the Field, and to go into the 
Field, let them but remember whofe words they ufe, 
and £> accordingly think of their a£Uon. Again, not^ 
withftanding Duels are of io ancient and worihipful a Pa- 
rentage; yet could they never gain io good acceptance 
as to be permitted, much lefi to be counted lawful' in 
the civil part of the ^otld9ti\iBarbariJm had over-ran it. 
About five or fix hundred years after Chrift, at the faU 
of the If^man Empire, abundance of rude and Barbarous 
People brake in and poflefTed the civiUer part of the 
world J who abolifliing the ancient Laws of the Em- > 
pire, iet up many ftrange Cufioms in their rooms* A- 
mongfi: the reft, for the determining of Quarrels that 
might arile in cde of doubtful title, or of ralfe accufi* 
tion,. or the like, they put diemielves upon many un* 
uiual forms of Trial j as, to bundle red-hot Iron^ to nW^; 

' hare-foot on turning coalsy to put their hands and feet in 
fcaldii^ water y and many other of the like nature, which 
are reckoned up by Hottomon a French Lawyer : For 
they preiiimed fo.fer6n,God*s Providence, that if the 
Party accuicd were innocent, he might do any of thele 
witlK)ut any finart or harm« In the iame cafes, when 
by realon or uniufficient and doubtful evidence, the Judged 
could not proceed ta Sentence, as ibmetimes it falls out; 
and the parties contei^djng would admit of no reafo- 
nable compofition, their mgnncr was to pertnit ;hem h 
try it out b} their Swords ; that G> the Conqueror might be 
thought to be in the right. They permitted, 7^2^, thui 
to do 'j for at the beft 'twas but a permi^on to pro- 
vent farther mifchiefj for to this, end iometim^ l^m^ 
known abuies are tolerated : So God permioed the Je^ 
upon flight occafibns to put their Wivjes away, becaufi 
heiaw* that otherwiie their exorbitant, lufls yrould nf^ 


no A Sermm tf t>tuh^ 

be bounded within dieft lifl^ whidi be & Pats^ 
dice tn die begtfintn^ had fee. 

. iVnd it is oUerted of the irile men whidl had the 
managing and bringing up of N«r# the Eihperor, thac 
rhey (ufiered hira to prisi£tice his hifb upon j^t^ one of 
his Modiers Cfaambtir-maids, f^ in ftufr^ fotmnarwii iU 
bfirium fcrrumferety ft iJU liUiim frMhnemr. Left If 
hs were forbidden diat^ he fhould turn his luft upon 
feme of the Noble-women. Penmifion and Toleration 
warrants not the goodnds of any a6):ion« But, ds Caia* 
fhss &id) BfftPer $m man die^ then 4ttthe feojfe ftr^ ; io 
they that firft permitted Duels fian to hate thought, 
better one or two mutinous perfins^ and drfetderfy, die 
in dieir folly, then the whole Cocfunon-wesdth to he 
put into tUQUilt and cotnbuftion : yet even by theft 
men it was nesjrcr fo promiilcuoiifly tolerated, tliatcrcry 
hafty couple, upon the venting <ii a littie choler, ihoukl 
prefendy dram their Smerdt^ but it was a pubfic^ or for* 
lemn a£Uon,doiie by order, wkh ialipe£)!ion,efther of tht 
prince \hc&% or of ionae ot^v Magiftrate, appointed 
(o order it Nowcertainly there can be no very great 
feafon for that Adipn, mAt\\ was thus begun h Cain, 
and eminued mly b/ G/ntbt and Vkndahy and meer Baria* 

. Yet that we may a little better acquaint ^ our (cllves 
iWith the quality, pf it, let us a little examine 
rise causes and. pratences which are brought by theni 
who call for trid bj^ fingle Cond^, The cauies are ufu^ 
ally two ; Firft, diflsrin to feem to do or (iiflfer any thing 
ksrjiar ^ £Mtb: Secondly, foint tfhtmoar, .and not to 
iyfler any c6ntun»ely and indignity, efpecially if it bring 
with it. diCiBputation, and note of CowarfiJe. Forth^ 
£rft, Bi/dainJafoar' Death '^ I muft confefi I have often 
wondrcd with my felf how men durfl: die fo ventrouA 
ly, except they were fure they died well : In aliis rebut 
^fni errattm^ efi^ fotefi f^ me^ corri^^ m other thing!^ 


frc4d9d 4^ the Hdgue. m 

>grj[udi are Icarm by pra^ng> if wc; nuAake» w« ma/ 
ameisd JC : for the errour of a former action miy be 
cftnwa m the iie35t : :W|e Wni tben by qw^ aodiqcn 
CQfn^ at length nor to err, by havii:^ ofbeo erred : bift 
no man learns to die bj pnu^ifing it j we die but oncie^ 
aiod a fault convnitted then, can never ^terward be Hn 
mended, fiij4 fanM Jiaiim fifdm errorm^ becaufe, tbet 
pqnifhment immediately fbUows upon die <ernxjr* Tj0i 
die is an a6lioq of t^iat momei^ that we ought to be 
very well advifed^ when we cosk tp^i^ : 4lf^mi$i 
ptn4^t 4efermtas^ you may not look bacjc upon theOpksH 
on of Honour aod Reputation which rem^^ behind 
you: but rather look forward upon ihat- iqt&iite ffmtk 
of J^ernlty, eith^-:}Of blifi or b^e^ M^uch befi^ IM 
ioiipf diately a^er.4pur kft breath. To- be loth to dtel 
Up9a every flight occafion, is «ol; ^ neceflary fign- of 
feir .and g^wajrdice: He thajt. kn^. what life i% $odk 
the true u|e pf< it, had he many liyes, to ^are» yet 
Hrpuld he bel^th to part with(Mfe.<^ ?)hfem upon-be^ 
terjpsi^ then thofe our Books t)sllu8,t^t Arifiifpf^ % 
Pl^lofbjpher being at Sea in a daqgenni^ Xtw^t 4UKt 
bewraying (bme fe^r, when the weather was cleared 
iip^ defperate Ruffian came and, upbraided hiQi witbic^ 
and tells him^. T-hat it was^ a fhaipe thso: b^ profoffingi 
Wiidpm £bould be afraid of hs I;4$^i^ whereas buiifel^ 
having had no fiacb Educatipa, expreft no .^9Ry jMl 
dread at all T9 .^^om ite PhHo^pher replied,.. 4^^ 
wa3 fome difference between therip two: I i(?i0ip,: iairbi 
}^ np life «w h gr€^U m^^ w^^ , W ^^^^ \^m^ 
iloth to Joqft f/^ hut hcaufc of jom^ l^^y^M kl^Htf IMtUff^ 
fity little good can be wade^ ym cate, not bop^ e^ly 39i^f0ff^ 
with it. Beloved it m^ bie juftiy fo^£tel,..tbat &^y\ 
who eftecpiv thus ligHlly of their Uvjes, ari? bu|t,;Wrthr: 
hSsi ^4 unprofitable; men : our PWP: exp^tepce feUi^ 
q^,.^t nien.wljagre prodigal of tbjeir jnon^y:. ia T^^ 
vtfps an4, brdi^nes^ axe < doletli^q^^iji foovigh^ ,whs^ 


ill * ^ A Sermon df budts^ 

, ... « » 

dthcr pious tries, *6t hetefl&ry arid ptibfick expence tt^ 
quires their libetallty ; I hive not heard that ProdigdU' 
ever built Churdks,* So thefe men that ai*e lo prodigal 
of their lives in bale quarrelsj pfcfedyefature Ivould be 
cowardly enotigli, if either publick fcrvice, or Religi- 
on did call for their hdp; I fcarcely believe any of 
them would die Martyrs, if the times fo requited it. 
Beloved, I do not gb about to pcrRvade any man to 
fear Death, bitf riotto contemn life j lifc is the greateft 
ble(ftig God gives Ih' this World, and did men know 
tfe' worth of Jt, they would never fb raflily venture. 
tlie lofi of it: BOt now lightly prizing both 'theirtf^K^' 
iind others B/wdf, they ate eafily moved to (bed it; as 
fobls are Seafily ^on to part with Jewels, becaufe'they; 
fctioW- not how to Valud them. We miift deal with our 
Lives as '^(re do tvith our Money, we muft not be cove* 
toufl of it, defire Hfe'tbr no othef ufe but to Kve, as 
doVetous pefibns defire money, only to have it : nei^ 
fh^r muft we be prodigal pt fifc^ itiid trifle it away' 
^)dtt every becafioh ; But we irilifi? be . liberal' cf our 
Btijs 4 knbw li|>dn what occafion to- Ipkre, upon what 
occafion to^fpendtlreiift. - To knoW whefcj and When, 
atid ' in' what cafe tb offer our felves to *; die, is d 
jchirig of grcattT • slcill , then '\ -great' part' df thcni' 
fiipl^, Who 'jJfet^i liieraiHve^ riiofl:' forward tof do 
it* ^^^m mpeiii ' ^^edarh^ ifijtit^u (^^^ morteiH 

^ttmmuUis cwnhuHe cfi ; For bruitifhly to run upon and 
hatten unto deaths ^is a thing that many men' car( 
do; and we • fee tb^t' brute Beafti many times ;wiH 
rflrt.Oponthe S|)ears of liich as puffite- them.* Sti ^Mi^ 
birare^ iS^ amfas^tocjimicn^ utjue fitifmt ratio^ %iiti 'Mt^- 
tifque cenfiUum Jufctfcre^ **jel ftniere, ingentis animi ijly . 
but wifely to look -into, and Weigh every oceafion^ and 
as Judgment arid truedifcretion ftiall dlreift ; fo to fe^ 
tertain a refolution either of life 6i* deadi, this 'Were 
(rue ' For^tude sum ' Magaanimtt)<.- ' And indeed, tm 

.^ tk*9* ^ 

freach J at the Hsigoi. . tl} 

JprodkaL'tjr and contempt of life, is the greatcft ground 
of this quarrellous and fighting humour j ^i faam, 
vitam.confenffiff domiims eft aUcna \ There is a kind 
of men, who becaufe they contemn their own lives, 
tnake themfelvcs Lords and Commandcfrs of oiher 
mens, eafily provoking others to venture their B/W, 
becaufe they care not how they lofe their own. Few 
places of great refort are without thefe men,, and 
they are the gjeateft occafioners of Blocdjlped^ you 
m-jLj quickly know them ; there ^re ftw quarrels 
^herem they are not either principals, or leconds, 
6r fome way or anotlier will have a part in them^ 
Might there be publick order taken for the reftraint 
of iuch nien, that make a pra<9tice of quarrelling, 
and becaqfe they corit?mn their own lives , carry 
themfelves /binfolendy and imperioufly towards others .• 
It will prevent much rnifchief, and free the Land of . 
niuch danger^ of jB/o<?J-guiltinels. 

The fecond caUlc which is much alledgcd in dc* 
fence of iiuelsy I told yoiiwas foitu of Bcncur^ a con- 
ceit that it is diflbonourable for men of place and falhi- 
on quietly t6 digeft and put up contumely andill/grace j 
and this they take to be a reafen of that Authority and 
ftrength, as that it muft admit of no . diipenution : 
Tor anlwcr^.Firff, the true fountain and original of 
quarrel are df anpther kind, and Honour Is abulcd as 
a pretence: the firft occafioners of a great part of 
them are indeed very d.iflionoiirable, let tjiere an .In- 
ventory be taken of all the Challcfnges that have been 
made .for&me time paft, and you fliall find that tiie 
greateft. part by far were, raifed either in .favernj or 
JDfcing'hotsfisy or. ih the Stem\ Pardon me,, if in a cafe, 
of Khis nature Ideal a little plainly j Drml^ng^Gam' 
irtg Mndl^ixrisy thefe are thoft rotten bones that lie b|4 
l^der thb f aimed Se/ukhre-wd title of Honour^ 

\i^ A Sermon ef Oueh^ 

Laftly, to conclude. It is a part of otir ProfeOSbtf^ 
as we are Chriftians to luffer wrong and di^ce. 
Therefore to let up another Doftrine, and teaA that 
Honour may plead preicription againft ChrilPs precepts, 
lind exempt you from pltient enduring of Qmtumely' 
and Dilgrace, you withftand Chrift, and deny your 
vocation J and therefore are unavoidably Apoftats- 
But we lofe our labour, who give young tstn and 
qnfetled perC>ns good advice and counfel ; the Civil 
Magiftrate - muft lay to his hand and pity them j 
who wdnt difcretion to pity themfelves : For as Boes^ 
though tiiey fight very fiercely, yet if you caft a lit-^ 
de duft aniongft them , are pf efently parted j fo 
the Enafting and Executing fome (ev^ good Laws, 
would quickly allay this greatnefi of Stomach and 
fighting humour. How. many have been cenfured 
for ScW&iaticks and Hereticks, only becaufe by pn>* 
bable confeqtienee, and afar off they fcemed to over- 
throw feme Chriftlan Principle ? but here are meni 
who ^Ik in our ftreets, and come to bur Churches, 
who yjfivS XA^*Aw, opefily oppofe that great point of 
Ghriftianity, which concerns our patience, and yet 
for their reftraint, no Synod is called^ no Magiftiate 
ftirs, no Ohurch-Cenfiire is pronounced. The Church 
of I(pme hath lorig ago to the di%race*jof the Refor- 
med Churclies. (hut them out of the number of Chri- 
ftians, and pronounced them all Excommunicated Per- 
Ibns, who tfpn what pretence foever durft ehter the 
Wield for Duel and fingle Cdtnbat 

Th^odofius the EmpemiSir Enafted it for a Law, and 
It is eXlaftt at this day in the Code^ a Book^ of Lams^ 
that if any man ^ke difgracefoUy of the^ Emperour^ 
Si ex levitate contenmendumy Ji ex irfamia mifiratione dig' 
num^ ff ex injuria reniittendum. 

Ladant}u^^'j%»29»4 virtiu bahenda fdtientik efti ^dm ut 
cafer'et homo Jujiutj voluit iUum Deus fro inerie fontemni. -^ 

" '■ ' So- 

frcached of the Hague, ' i re 

, So great A. Virtue is FatieoQ?» that for the' attaiomg 
of it, it is God's will we ihould fiiffer our felves to be 
contemned .^<}9wan^. 

Chrt/i is an example to us of fiiflering diigrace ; let 
Us as the I&adius look up to this Serfen^^ ajehcl all the 
Hinging of i^ery Serpents (hall do us no harm. 

We muft forfike all and follow Chrift ; therefore Ip- 
mur and IB^fmatim too ; If we be afhamed of thi^ 
pattern of Patience ^ Chrifi will be Earned of 

Now that God majr give a Bleffing to what hath 
been deKvercd, let us, ficc. 

rnvr-n i 

ww»— rt^ i If I lit HI 




'<■ ini nv 

it ■■ • t i n 

fa >lii>i 

i"T - 


. » 


Matth. XXVI. Vcrfe 7$. 
jfftd he wentfirthy and weft bitterlj. 

TH U S to commit to writing, as here our E- 
vangelift hath done^ and lb to U7 open to all 
Pofterity the many (lips and errours which 
have much blemifbed and diigraced the lives 
and a6);ions of the beft, and moft excellent Men, may 
leem in the judgment of a reafonable Man to partici- 
pate of much Envy and Uncharitablcneis : 16 that their 
good Life had remained upon record for our es^ampie, 
we might vtrj well have luSered their Errours to have 
flept and been buried with their Bodies in their graves. 
St. Paul makes it the Property of Charity to hide Ae 
Multitude of Sms ; whofe -Property then-ir -irihas to 
bk'zon them at Mid-day, and to fill the Ears of the 
World with the report of them ? Confiantinc^ the firft- 
born aiiiong Chriftian Emperours, fo far miflik'd this 
Courfe, that he profeffed openly, if he found any of 
his Bifhops and Clergy, whom it e(peciaUy concerned 
10 have a Reputation pure and fpotlefi, committing a- 
ny gfelvousSin, to hide it from the Eye of the Wirld, 
he would cover it with his own Garment ; he knew 
well that which experience had long ago obfefv^d, Nm 
tarn Jitvarc qua iefie diHa fimty quam nocere ftue f^fftnt^i 
things well faid, well done, do nothing fb much p|x>fit 
and hirdier us, as the Examplesof ill Speeches, ill a6li- 
om do mifchief .and inconvenience us : and Men are 
tiniverfally more apt from the Errours and fcapes of 
good Men to draw Apologies for their own, then topro- 
pofe their good Deeds for Examples and* Patterns for 
ihemfelvest J follow. Neither is this my own Specula- 


A Sermon of St.'^tttxs fatly &C. 1.1 7 

don, St. Aufiin bbfcrved it long fince, who difcourfing 
upon the fall of D/iv^V, complains that from his exam* 
pie, many framed unto .themfti^es this Apology, Si 
bmnd^ car^nn.fSigo} If David did thus, then why 
not I ? Prepsraste adfcccanian^ &lth he, ds/jfomsfeccarei 
Librwn Dei utpecces injpicu 1^ Scriptural Dei ad hoe audky 
lit facias qvoi dijplic^t Dec. Thdu doft prepare thy Heart 
to Sin ; thou provideft thy felf of purpofe j thou doll 
loojc into the Book of God, even therefore that thou 
mighteft Sin ; the Scriptures of God thou doft therefore 
hear, that by the example of thofe that fell, thou 
mayeft Icam to do that which is difpleafing unto God. 
Yea, the grrateris thePcribn o9fending, the more dan- 
gerous is the example ; For Greatnels is able of it fclfi 
asu it were, to l^imate foul a<fis, to add Authority 
and Credit unto ill doings j Facilius efficiet quifqups cb^ 
jecerify crimen henefiwn^ quam Purpem Cafmem, faith Sene* 
ca of Cato'^ Whofoever he be, laith he, that obj^iSb 
drunkennefi to Cato, (hall more eafily prove drunkeft- 
^efr to be a virtue,than that Cato, who ufed it, was too 
blame. When St. Peter (Galatb. ij. ) had halted in his 
Behaviour befwixt the Gentiles and thofe of the Cir- 
fumcifion, St Paul notes, that many of the Jew, yea, 
S^htabof himfelf, was carried away with their Mpmula-' 
tion ; and to fpeak truth, whom would not the Autho- 
ri^ and Credit of .St Peter have drawn into an Errour ? 
Soeaiily the faults of great Men, adolefamt in exempla^ 
grow up and become exemplary, and fo full of hazard 
is;it, to leave unto the World a Memorial of the Er* 
roun, and fcapes of worthy Perfons. Yet notwith* 
ftanding all this, the holy Spirit of God, who bringeth 
light out of darknefs, and worketh above and againft 
all meaos, hath made the Fall of his Saints an efpeciul 
means to raife his Church : and therefore hathitpleafed 
him by the Pen-men of the lives of his Saints in holy 
Scripture, to Jay open in the view of the World man v 

I J grcS 

If8 'a Semmcf Sf.Vctet^s Fstl^ &c 

grofi Faults and ImptrkSdom^ even of the moil ex*- 
oellent inftruments or his Glory. That which he tells 
AcH^oman in theGoipel, who anointed him befbrehb 
Paffion, that wherefi)ever the Gofpel (hall be Preadied, 
this FzCt of hers (hould l^e recorded in JSdettiorial of 
her : the fime, asitfeems, was his Intent concerning bk 
Saints ; that wherelbcver the word rf Life fiiould be 
taught, there likewile fhould be related the grievoqs 
Sins of his Servants, And therefore accordingly, 
fcarcely is there any one Saint in the whde Book of 
God, who is not recorded in one thing or other tb have 
notably overfhot himfeE Sometimes he hatli made; 
the Saints themfelves the Proclaimers of their own fhame.- 
So he makes Mofis to regifter his own infide&ty ; io 
David in his one ^nd fiftieth Pfalmj by the inftin<i of Gods 
Spirit, leaves upto the Church under his. own hand, an 
evidence againft himfelf for his Adultery and Murther i 
Sometimes he makes their deareft Friends the moftcxa6i; 
Chroniclers of their Faults ; for foSt. Chyfoftem oblerves 
of St. Mw)t, the Companion and Scholar of St. Peter 
who hath more particularly regiftrcd the Fall of his Ma* 
fter, than any of the other Evangelifts, rU »* «8r U^^a* 
ydn, &CC. if^o would 7i$( marvel J faith he, i^j^ .^V. Mark 
not only concealed not the grofi efcafe of his Mijier j but hdtb 
more accmately than any of the reft recorded the forticulors of 
it, dvrf r£ fictinT^f etfM , even becaufe he tvas his I^" 
fiip/e 'y asif he could have done his !Mafier no better Ser-* 
vice, than to deliver a moft exa<^ rdation c(f his Fault* 
There are yet two things further to be noted in this dif^ 
penfarion of Almighty God ;' the firft in^regard of us ; 
the ftcond in regard of the Saints, who(p errours are 
recorded : For the firft, who can but marvel, that fince 
all things that are written^ are written for our Inftru- 
iftion, that if they be good, they may ferv^ for our 
Imitation ; if othcrwife, for warning to us : yet, ma- 
ny finifler aldtions of th? Saints of God are fe expreft 


jt 9«mm of St. Peter^s Fall^ &c 1 1 o 

la Scripture, without ceoliire, without note^ t|^t it 
were almoft (bme danger to pronounce of them ? Ahro!* 
h^anh equivocating with AkimeUch^ ' j4cob^s deludmjg; his 
blind Father, t^^chel abufing L^4» with a Lie, ^fbthp 
hisfacrificing his Daughter, £tf7nj|/3»killin2; hiiiilelJF with 
ihtPhiUfimsy dieie and mgny other bemles are ib let 
down,that they may feem to have been done rather by di- 
vine inftin<9:, than out of humane infirmity. Where- 
in the Holy Ghoft leems to me tan^uam adoriri ms ex 
infidiisy to iet upon us out oJF Ambufh, to uie a kind 
pf guile^ to fee whether we have t«J' tf'vW/f «7«t/ft4'* 
T/^if, Jfiritud difcretiotiy to try whether we will attri- 
bute more to Mens Examples, than to his PreceptSt Se- 
condly, in regard of the Saints themfelves : It is wort}^ 
our noting, that God feems to have had naore Care tq 
diicredit them, than to honour them m that their faults 
are many times particularly regiftred, but their repen- 
tance is wrapt up in fHence : to the ftory of jN/a4i is con- 
duded^^With his Dnmkpm^s : after the report of Lof\ 
Incfjij there is not a word of him throughout the. Scri- 
ptures •; as foon as the Story of Solomons Idolatry is rela- 
ted, it immediately follows in tb^ Text, And Solomon 
died We ftiould very much wrong thefe Men, if we 
iDbould think that they paft out of this Life without Re- 
•pentance, becaufe their Repentance is obncealM. Doubts 
lels if we were worthy to fearchthe myfteries of the Spi- 
rit, we fliould find tlmt the Holy Ghoft hath left (bme- 
thing for our inftrudion, even in this particular ; for 
nothing in Scripture is done by chance ; But, as St. 
Chryfoftom is wont (bmetime to teU his Auditoiy, that he 
will not reifolve all doubts, but leave fome to medir 
.tate on by themfdves j (b will I now deal with you, 
I will leave this to yoqr private confiderations, to pra- 
£life your wits in the depths of Chriftianity, andfoto 
frame region? uq;o your felves of this proceeding rf the 
.holy Spirit, 1^4 

1 10 A Semm of St. Vcxet^s EtH, ^c. 

■ ■ ' 

In the New Tcftamcne, the Holy Ghoft conftandy 
holds the f^mecourie of relating the Fajl of the Samts : 
and fo accordfaigly by airfour Evangclifts fets down at 
large, the fearful Caof St Peter in Jenj^ingrndfinfmear- 
ing his JSdafter. But as it pleaied him in Mercy to give 
him Repcptance, 16 in thel^ words which I have read 
unto you, hath it pleafed htm to leave Optothe Church 
a memorial of it. Our firft note theref9hc, before we 
come to tie words,, (hall be a note of > that exceeding 
nfe iand profit, which hath redounded to the Church by 
the regiftririg of St. Peters Repentance \ for this is done 
by the holy Ghoft, to fignifie unto vi the neceffity 
and force of Repentahqe and Sorrow foi: Sin. The con; 
ccaiing of 5o/<w3fl«^/ reclaim, hath occafioned fome, up; 
6n acknowledgment of the neceffity of Repenr 
tance, to ftppofey that Solomon paft away without it, 
knd fo received the final reward or the impenitent But 
he that fliould have read thb Story of St Peter, and 
bbferved what Authority he had afterwards, what eP 
pccial Favour oiir Saviour did hini afrArhis Re(uiTe£K- 
on , nv>twitbftanding his Fall, if the minner. of 'hi^ 
Recovery had not been recorded, might eafily'have en- 
tertained a Conceit very prejudicial to ^Repentance, ^id 
non fferemus} Who might 'not hope to regain the fa- 
vour of God without fhedding a Tear, if St, Peter, not^ 
withftandingio grievous a Crime, without repentance 
fliould again be reconciled ? We might therefore with 
Excufe have prelumed upon a non-neceflity of Repen- 
tance, as if it had been enough in cafe of Sin to praiftife 
that wWeh common Morality teaches, barely to fe- 
iinquifli^ it without any more ado, That therefore 
which we learn by this Regiftring of St. Peters repen- 
tance, is this, That for the clearing of a Chriftian Man's 
Account unto God, it is hot (iifficient barely to ceafe 
from doing ill, to iatisfie the Law which we broke, ei- 
tjier with our Life, or with our Goods j To make re- 
^- . v' ' . ' compencq 


ASermm of St.Vett/s Fall^ &C. iii 

compence to our NeigMywr for wrong done him j all 

ttis and much more wa|hc$ not away the guilt of Sb 

before God. Thefe ^re the things which the very light 

of Nature twhes us jto do. It was not to be thought 

thatD^viito his former ^itifrmV; and Murfhery wpuld 

have added new : he that hath been forcM to refibre 

four-fold that which he had taken away by ftealth, will 

peradvrenture take warning to fteal no more : But^ this 

doth not luffice him ; there is a further duty, a duty 

of repentance reayired oStvtry Chrifti^ Man, a duty 

proper to him alone. ' For this I>o£brine of Repentance 

Nature never taught in her ScW, neither was it ever 

found in the Books of the Learned j it is particular to 

iS[^ Book,of Gody andto the Do(£bine that came down 

from heaven. In the Sins againft the firft Table we 

offend immediately and oiily againfl: God j but in the 

Sins againft rije (econd Table, there is a double guilt 

contra61bed, one againft God, another againft our Neigh* 

hour ; in theie Sins, as there is a d6i|ble fault, ib therie 

is a double fati^£lion to be made,cne unto God, anq*. 

ther to our Neighbour : for this fecond iatisfa<Stion Ixv 

tween Man and Man, m^iny Heathen G)mmon-wealths 

have been very lufficienrly fumilhcd with ftore of excel? 

lent Laws, but qf an attonement over and above to be 

inade to God,they fcarce feem to have had any thought,' 

and indeed to (peak Truth, to what purpofe had it been 

to trouble their Heads about it ? it is impoflSble that it 

Ihould ever fall within the conceit of iny reafonable 

Creature^ to pronounce what i(atisfa(5Hon was to be made[ 

for offence committed againft God; He is of infinite 

Majefty, holding no proportion, no correlpondence 

with any created being ; what recompence then can 

he receive from the hands of duft and alhes ? Ten 

thouland Worlds, were we able to give them all, could 

not make fatisfa£i:ion for any part of the fmallcft oP 

fence we have copunitted againft him : whep therefore 


if.% A Snmmtf St. Peter*/ Bi//, icci 

the invemiom of Men were thus at a ftand, when all 
Diicourfe, all, Reaibn were ^ied, it pleaied God ^l 
Mercy to open his Plea&re m his Word, and to ac^ 
ceptdF true ^d unfeigned Repentfuice^ as tke only 
means to walh awa7t;heguiit of Sin agamft his Maje* 
Oy : A thing in the Eye of FUb and Blood altoge- 
tber ridiculous. And tha:e(bre SMmh^ that accused A? 
foftaic^ iooming Cfn^antinp the Emperour ibr betaking 
himielftodieQuriftian Religion, in contempt and de* 
rifion of Baptifm^ and Bifentan^^ thus ^^eaks : ^Ogrr 

&c^ Hoe, whoibever is a Comiptser and a defilcr of 
Women, wholbever is a Man-flayer, whoiqever is an 
impure, and unclean Peribn, let him from henceforth 
hjsfecwcj and care far mfhing ^ Iwilljhembim a little f^- 
ter^ in which, if be d^ butdiflnnifilf^ he /hall befcrAwitb 
Clean : yea, tbot^b be 4^lferatefy run again i^e tbt fame 
Crimes } ImUlgivebim thispfty tfbe but kpock, bn Breaft^ 
4ttdfhik§ bis Forehead (which are the geftures of the Pe* 
nitent) be /hall a^itboutanjf mere ^became at fure at Gl^fi. 
Tis true indeed, in ipight of unbelievinj; mifcreants, 
it hath pleaied God through the /vd^hnefs of Bafiifm 
and ^fentance to iave thoie that are his. The Water 
of Baftipn^ and the tears of true J^pent^e^ Creature^ 
of themielves w^ and contemptible, yet through the 
wonderful operation of &e Grace of God annext untQ 
them, are d)le, were our Sins as red as twice-die4 
Scarlet, to make them as white as Snow. The fentence 
of God denounced unto Adam^ mbatd^jftieu eat^ of the. 
Tre^, /£^yZ74/i^ <&>, certainly was abfblufe and irrevoca- 
ble, neither <»uld any repentance (£4dam% totally have . 
reverft it : yet Abuh^s aiesout, <f ^^amfylix. hi^na--. 
vumgemtsy &c. Ohow happy (hould Mankind have been, 
if Adam after his Fall had uled the benefit of i^e- 
fentance^ and in time acknowledged his Sin unto God: 
Tea, he goes fiirdxer, and ieen^s to intimate, that it 

« 1« 

ASertmn of St. PeterV F^ &o. i x) 

lia4 been of force alnx>fl: to reftoreus unto our Primitivip/ 
fmkyjhr this way his Words leeizi to look^when he ^itt^ 
^jffdfi fi^um acctip^i^ nos mms ab accufatme (S juJifio 
kieT^ft : Jf he bad 0C^d binfilf, douhtl^s he had freed 
v$ aiifrem Aecifitim and a Cmfe : Whatfiierer his m^anr 
ing was, thus much without danger we may thinly 
that if our firft Parents had not fo mng^ly ihumed their 
-fiuilt 6rom the one to the other^the Man to theWpman^the 
Woman to the Serpei^t i but had freely acknowledge^ 
St, and humbly b^ed pardon for it, God, whole Mer- 
pies were then as many, and as ready as now they are, 
would, if not altogetl^r, have revok'd, yet! doubtleil 
much have* qualified and mitigated the Sentence of the 
Curie ; If Adam had uied more ingenuity in confeffing 
God would have uied leis rigour in Pi|niflbing. Out oE 
kll this I draw this one IcSbn for your ixmru^Hon j 
Whoibever he be diatdtunks himielf quit of iome fins 
into which eidxT through weakneis or carelclsnefi he 
liath fallen, let him not preieody flatter himfelf) as if 
jbr i^his Bode of debt unto God were Cancelled. a$ 
if he were in a j9;ate(£ Gmce and new Birth i but k^ 
him examine his own Gonlcience, and '. in^artjally iift 
all the iQanner of his reclaim : He may peradventyr^ 
{md, tlwr upon ibme moral reipe<9: he hath brdccQ 
off the pra£tiie of bis Sin ; he may fiild that he hath 
&tisfied his Neighbour^ contented the Law, done n^any 
A£b, by which he hath purchaied Reconciliation with 
the World : But, if he find not tbs paflage of Re^ 
peocance ^nd hearty Sorrow 'twixt God and his own 
Soul, let him know, that God is yet unj&tisfied, that h^ 
h yet ip his iin ; bis Sin is y et qnrqyented of, and theris*; 
fcreftill remains. 

'Hus from the nece;0ity of Regiftqng St, Pete/^ 
Repentance^ come to die words wherein it is Regl- 
fired. And he mem ma, &c. latbefe words we will con- 


Il4 ^ A SennmcfSi. PeterV Fidl^ &C, 

fidcr four thingp : Firft, the Pcrfcn, Hr] He mentfinb } 
or, and going firth be wept. Secondly, the preparativse to 
the Repentance, He went fink Thinlly the Repentance 
it felf, comprifed in the Word Weft. Fourthly, the ex- 
tent^ and meafiire, and' compafi of this Repentance, in 
the lafl: word, bitterfy. i . He. The way <^ Man's L^ 
is a flippery way, no Man, whilft he is b it hath the 
Priviledge of not Aiding ; jufl: and unjuft ; thus far, ate 
of like condition j both &U : But here they diflfer, the 
juft Man rifeth again. Not the cminency of St Fetef% 
Perfon, nor his great underflanding in the Myftery of 
ChriA, nor his resolution in our Saviour's quarrel, not 
theJ^v^ and re^6):his Mafter bare him, kept him front 
falling : But St. Peter being fallen, provides himfelf to 
rife, and therefore in the lecond place, he went firtb^ 
filth my Text ; St. Peter was now in the High-Prieft's 
Court, a place very i^fit for one in St. Petei^s Cafe. 
Princes Courts are no place for Repentance : To wear 
foft raiment,' t^ fere delicbufly every day, this is Cour- 
tiers Guiie } but ^ rujp^r p«it®-, ig 'n t^^ fii7«rSi«« 
J6lKfu9r^ the (hirt of Hair, the tears <£ Repentance^ 
this is the habit of the Penitent. But wherefore went 
St. Peter out ? Djfd he as our Saviour obfcrves of the 
jScribes dnd Phariiees, go out into the Wildemcfi to fes, 
to gaze and look about him'? No, his Eyes now muft 
do him other Service ; He 'went our as Jofeph did from 
the Face of his Brethren, to feek a place to weep. Mf/» . 
Jmat the Jeluit thinks it would have been a more goodly 
^ng,and far more befeeming St. Peters Refolution^ if 
in the place he had offended, in the fame he had repent* 
«d • if before thoie he had made a qonftant Gonfeifi* 
on of Chrift, before whom he had denfed him. But 
be the reafcns what they will which moved St. Peter to 
go forth, he will notprefcribc unto the Shunts a form of 
■Repentance ; we will ceafe therefore to di(pute what St 
Pefer fliould have don^ andrathej^ gather leUbns for our 


4 Sermon of St. Pcter^ fii//, 5cc. t%f. 

f^es out of what he did. Fourthly, and laft of ^It 
as St. Peters Fault was great, fo he ccntdnds that his Rc- 
pen^nce may be as feriqus. The Tears therefore he 
ihcds are not flight, and perfun£h)ry, flied only for fa- 
shions Gkcy fuch as ^tntHian ipake of, Nihil facHius 
lachymi tnarejcit^ Nothing fooner grows . dry than Ttwrs : 
but, ^ the Text laith, Ht weft bitterly ; to fiinunoii 
up that, Sicc-occtdam genus Chtifiidnormn^ a iort of Ghri*^ 
ftians,^ who never, l^d Tear dropt from their eye, to 
witnefi their Repentance : to teach us to enlarge die 
meafure . of our £>rrow. for our fins, and in ca/e of 
grievous relapfe, not mince out our Repentance,' but 
to let looie the Reins .unto Grief And thus I come to 
handle the Parts in order more particularly : and firft of 
the Perfon, He. 

Amongft all the Samts of God, whofe Errors are fit 
down in Holy Scriptures, there is none whole Perfon 
Was bore eminent, or Fall more dangerous than St Pe- 
ters. That which wiic men have pbfervwl in ^ great 
and eminent Wits, that they evermore exceed ; either 
they are exceeding good, or elfe they are exceeding 
bad, in , St. Peter was true both wa}%. His Gifts cf 
Faith, of Underftanding in the Mvftery of GodlineiS, 
of refolution to- die in our Saviour s Caufe, were won- 
derful : but yet his Errors were as many and^as ftrange, 
yea, lb much the more ftraoge, becaufe in that thing 
he moft,ofifended, in which he Was jnoft eminent, k 
was a great Argyjaaent of his Faith, when in the Tera- 
peft meeting our Saviour imi the Waters, he calls out 
unto him. If it he thouy command me to come unto thee on 
the Waters J but no fconer was he come put of the Ship, 
but through Infidelity he began to fink. Again, of his 
great underftanding in the Myftery of Chrift, he gav^ 
a notable Itiftance, when bemg queftioned by our Sa* 
viour, whom meh took^ him to be? he gave thefirft evi- 
dent, plain, and open T^ftu^ony that ever w^ gi^ca 



t%6 "ASemmtfSt. VetitsFat^ &d 

him bjr man, Tiou drt Chrifl^ the Son of th kviiig Gtkt 
St. John indeed gave l^eftimooy, stoil fi> did St Snhe^ 
add lo did many more ; but it was more involved, done 
in rfiore covert terms, more dark: Whence we may^ 
fthd that not without ibme probability argue, that me 
Utiderftanding of theie men was not io evidditly, ^ 
fiiBy, S> perfpicuoufly enKghtned as Was SLPefer\ 
StgnmH efi intelUgeniu poffi dtocere : It is a great Argu^ 
metit that a man doth paffing well under£ind hinifelf^ 
^hen he h able p^rfeicuouily and plainly to ipeak to 
die undcrftanding or another; This ConfeflGon there- 
fcre of St^FetfTy diat carries with it gitater light and • 
J)eripicuity than any yet that ever was given, doth not 
obicurely intimate, that he had a greater meafure of JQlii. 
mination, than any of his Predeceflbn. Yet to lee 
the woffilerfiil Diipenfition of the Holy Ghoft, fcarce 
was diis Gonfeffion out of hb mouth, but in the very 
tiext bout wliere oot Saviour bcgpis further to enform 
him in the particulars of his Paflion, atid Death, andde- 
^ightfid handling by the Jewf^ the edge of his Conceit 
was quite turned, quite blunted and dull : Poor man, as 
if he had been quite ignorant of the end of Chrift's 
coming out of a human Conceit and PJty, he takes up-, 
on him to counfel and advife our Saviour j Sir, fixvour 
yeur filf^ thtfi things Jhall ymt come imfo you: and for this 
pains he is rewarded ^*ith no leis reproachful a name 
than that of Satan^ of a Seducer, of a Devil .- He that 
Ihall perufe the Story of the Go^, and here ftay 
himiyf, might think tha,t thatwluch we read, St "Jobn 

vj. Ver.70. ^ken of 5i»i«r, fjave I not chofin youxtpelve^ 
ini ant of you i a Detdly wfere here fulfilled in St Peter. 

Laft of all, his Love to Chrift, ancLRelblution in his I 

<Juarrel, he gave an evident Teffinjliy, when he pn> j 

tcfted himfelf ready to lay downi^ Life for him j j 

Cruater love then this^ in the Apofll^s jfudgment, no man \ 

'hath^thm ta iaj doitm bis Lift for UfljtrienJ: Thiai 1 


St. f^eter had, if we iasij bdiere^ himfelf ; yea, he be* 

^ti ^o exprefi iome a£b of it, when in defence of his 

i^dfter^ he manfully drew Im Sword, and wounded 

Hib Servant of the high Prieft, But fee how ibon the 

Scoie is changed ; Tms good Champion of our Savi-^ 

our, as a Lion thxt is reported to tx* daunted widi the 

Crowing of a Cock, is ftridcen out of Countenanoei 

4nd qui^-e amazed with the Voice of a iilly Damlel i 

yea, ib far is he pofiefi'd widi a fpirit of fiar, that h6 

not only denies^ but abjuref his Kiafter^ and ferjures hJctH 

felf, committing a fin ndt fat behind the fin of Judat ; 

yea^ treading it hard, upon the heels. ,But the mercj^ ^ 

of God^'Aat leaves not the Honour of his Servant vi 

the Duft of Death, but is evermore careful to raife vA 

up from the Death of Sin, Unto the LHe of Righteouf 

nefi, fiiflfers not this I^ck,^ this great Pillar ot his Church 

to be overthrown. He firil: admbniOies hiin by the 

Ooming of a Oci^ j when that would not fetve, Wmfetf 

(fiill OT careful Love and Goodnefi) though in thi 

midft of his Enemies fbi|;ebhis own Danger, and re* 

members the Danger or his Servant ; Himfelf was 

riow as a Stieep before the Shearer, dtrmb, and ' not o- 

pening his Mouth ; yet forgets he riot, that he is that 

great Shepherd df the Flock, but, Davii like, refeues 

oneof his Fold from the Mouth of the Liori,and fix)m 

die Paw of the Bear; Ht turns abtm^ mdhokf i^ hirn^ 

laith the Text, he cries louder unto him with his Lwk^^ 

than the G^^i^ could ijnth his Vnce : Of all th^ Members 

in the Body, the Eye is the. hioft moving part ; Aat oft 

times is ipoken in a hoki^ which by no force of j^>eech 

could have been uttered j this Look. ffChrift didfo warm 

St. Peter y almoft frozen dead with fear, that it made 

him well-near melt into Tcara : As if he had cried out 

with the Spoufe, Cant.m. O turn amay thine eyes ^ far 

they have overcome me'^ he grows impatient of his Look/j, \ 

and ieeks for a place to weep ; what a Lool{^ was this { 

/' think J 



think you? St. Jcmn di(oour(mg with himielT what 
might be the caufe that maay of the Diiciples, when 
they were called by our Saviour, prelfqtly without fur- 
ther coniultarioQ arofe and (bUowed him; thlnlcs it noc 
improbable, that there did appear iome GUry. and M^^ 
in his Cotituenance^ which made them oelieve^ he was 
more than a Man that thus befpake them : whatibever 
then appear^ in his Lookh doubclefs m this Look, of his 
was (een fome Sovereign Power of his Deity, that could 
jb fyccdily recover a man thus almoil defperately gone : 
A man that had one foot In Hell, whom one fteo 
more, had irrecoverably call: away : It was. this Lool^ of 
Chrift ttat rc{bred SuPeieir : ^j refpicit Jefus flvrani 
Jdi^bottf iaitb St. Ambrqfe^ They weep for their Sins^ 
whom J^ iooki upon : KegAvit . frimo Petrusy & nan 

^ fievit ; quia mn r^exerat Dominus : Negavit fecundo j non 
pevit^ quia adhuc non r^xerat Dominm : Negavit tertio^ 
& rejfexit 3^us^ & ille amariffimi flevif. St. Peter Ae- 
nieshim^Kc^, and repents itqt, lox Jefus /oc>4'^, not back 
upon him : he denies him the fccond time, and yet he 
weeps not, for yet the Lord loolid not back > tte denies 
him the third time, and Jefus Iooki ^P^^^ him,- and then 
he weefs bitterfy. Before I come to make uie of this, it 
Ihall not be altogether impertinent to fay fometbing un- 
to fomt Queries that here arife cpnqerning the condition 

. of St. Peter^ and in him of all the Ele<£t of God, whilft 
they are in a Static of fm unrepoited of ; for, as for 
St. Peters Faith, which iome make doubt of, diere can, 
as I conceive, no queftion be made. It is not to 
be thoijght that St. Peter had reversed with himfelf the 
Confeflton that he had formerly made of Chriftj or that 
he thought, doubtlefi I have err'd, this is not the Per- 
ion whom I took him to be : Indeed, through Fear' 
and Cowardia^ he dCirft not confeis that with his MoutH 
unto Salvation, which in his heart he believed unto Righ- 
teouihels ; Any thbg further than this, that Speech o^ 


' 'ji Sermon ef St. Peter*/ FaL &cc. t tS 

■,■... T 

hut Saviour, takes away, wherein He telU him before- 
hand, J fra/d that thj Faith might not fail. But Cnpe, our 
Age hath had experience of fimie, who becaufe the E- 
leftion of God ftandeth fure, ' and Chrift^s Shbep none 
. can take out of his hands, conclude therefore, thatfor 
ithe BUS cf God there is no falling frork Grace^ that to 
David ana Pe^^ no ill could, happen, no though (for lb 
ithey j^ave given it out) that they had died in the vety 
aft of their fin ; to meet with fiich DUputants, I will 
briefly lay down what I conceive is to be thought* in the. 
iPoint. Wherefore,' farate fauces pani^ as St. Bernard 
fycdksy Hitherto itave given yoii Milk, provide your 
Stomachs npw for harder Meat, and fiich as befits 
firong men in Chrift. Peter and Jtidas (for I will cou* 
pie them ,both together in my Dilcourfe, whtlft they 
are both joyned together ih fin) Peter^ I ft}', and y«- 
dasj in regard of their own Perfoiis, were both, rtiofe 
Or IciS, in the (aiiie cafe, both faUen from Grace, both in 
k State of .oin and Damnation, till the Repentance of 
iSt. Peter altered the caife oh his part. But the Grace of 
God fignifies two things: either the furpofe of Gods £- 
/e^ion, the Grace and Favour inherent ih the Perfon of 
God ;, . which he ftill cafts upon thofe that are his, 
notwithftanding their manifold backflidlngs: or elfe it 
iighlfies the Habit <f fan^ijying ^ualtties^ Inherent in the 
i^generate Man j thofe Good (jraces of God, by which 
he walks Holy and unblameable. Again, the State of 
Damnation fignVies, likcwife two things : either the.P//r- 
fofi of Gods l(efrobationy Olt elfe the Hahii of damnakle 
^alities in the fmful Man. From the State of Grace^ 
as It fignifies the Purfofe of God to fiVe, the Eleit can 
never fall .* In the State of Damnation^ as it fignifies 
Jbmething inherent in us^ every man by nature is, and 
the Ele£l of God, even after their Calling, many times 
Fall into It : that is, they may and do many times fall 
into thole fins j yea, for a time continue in them too, 

K . ' < {David 

1 50. A sermon of SL VcttT^sFatl. &cJ 

^Ditvid'iM fo for a whole years Ipace) which pccppf 
!hey be done away by Repentance, inevitably bring 
*orth eternal Death ; for the State of mortal fin unrc- 
penteid of, is truly and indeed the State of Death j yea, 
the whole and (ble realbn of the Condemnation of eve- 
ry one that perifliesj for Chrift hath laid it. Except ^e 
repent^ ye; Jhall aUferiJh. So then you fee^ that into the 
State of Danmatim^ as it fignifies fomething. inherent in 
us,, a. Man may fall^ and yet not ^ from the State of 
Graccy as it fignifies GoSs Purpofe of Eleftioh : ^ for both 
thefe are compatible for a time. If then we look' upon 
the Pcrfpti§ of Peter and Judas j both of theni ate in the 
State of mortal fin unrepented of, and thdr^fore both in 
ftate of Danmation : but if we look h^ck linto God, 
we fhall fee a hand reach'd out unto sLPeter^ pulling 
him back as he is now running doWn ' the Hill, which 
hand we do not fee reachM out unto Jtulas. Chrift had 
a Lool^m ftore for St. P;?^^,' which if it had pleafed him 
to have lent unto Juda^^ Judat would halve done that : 
which St. Peter did. When then we pronounce St. iV- 
, /fr, and in him any of the Eledt of Gbd^ as they are 
in St. Peters Cale, to ht fallen, from GrJce^'^C ^ak 
not with relation tO| 'any purpofe of God j iratwe 
mean only; that they have not that Meafure of SanSti- 
fication^ whi>:h ought to be ia every Child Wlich ihall 
be an Heir to Life j and What hinders to pronounce 
that man fallen from Grace^ whom we muft needs ac- 
knowledge to be in that State, in which 'if he continue,, 
there is no way open but to Death ? -tVhar 'then may 
fbme men fay, 'had St. Peter loft the Spirit of Adoption 
h^d he not thofe fanftifying Qualities of Faith, Hope, 
and Charity, which are proper to the Saints, and are 
given, them by Divine Infpiration in the Moment of 
their Converfion ? Was that immortal Seed of the 
Word quite kill*d ? No verily, Ho\v then ? Having all 
thefe, may he not yet be called the Child of Death .^ I 


"4 S/r/im/^S^ Vetoes. f4x.^^ ' ^3^ 

amWi9r» Jbie^^iQiii;^ 9pd)Js In^^ lo^ for tlids^do nc^ 

make [hieu . thaft.git nQ.rini^ Jhe can bC)f9.j;^-fI^t. 

iiaaUy he fimU no^be Jo^.Jpr ^fh^jf ^e not Armour.of 

proot to ke^p diit all Darts, . neifb;r do tbeygm^lce. our 

.Souls inKTlilQerable^ias the PQ€^tSt£iup^tho>Bady ofx:^^ 

6r jichillcA to h»y^ been j j;)uf .th^y are prcQiipus.JB^iiB, 

ever more iToady ; at hand to cure ,t^e Wound wli?n it is 

given : )They !are hot of force tfilw^^ ^^ital .^n, (fpi' 

then every Sfwliii whom th^r i^^i^^repufe, wdefii- 

ed,. nettBfcrji!iw*!ikfpoiffible,v. ^af ti|b^ Eleft^f Qodj,^ a^^ 

their Converfion^mould , felljl but- they • ^re of fo^rce xo 

, "Wot k .Rq)e3ataiice^i :^vhicb m^s J3\ pur, Wound3 rsme^ 

f diable. /He Ithai^ lis n^ortally. In^k ^od djes, . ai^d .he that 

'Hlikeyfti& xboxtffify fick, .afid tlyrcfugh help of raftering 

-Hiyfick ,red6ver% iii this both^g?f e, .that <hey ar^^or-" 

tally &k^ nortritbftanding the .H«?c>very of one.Party^ 

The Wmir^o£ St. Piter .SL^Q^yS^^at wasmoj^al^ ai?d 

in both feftred unto I>^th ;:bv? tlh^^^ w^s Bafn^jiq. Gi(e^ 

ad for St Feter^ !fociy«di« there ,Wa^ nOtte, iT^s Stijg 

: of the jSpypf. Sotrpion iri the. Wij4^i?nefi yas^.4(^dly, . ^d 

all thatJobkcd not r on i the 9y=^^{w Stfjyw^idj^^: ^the' 

;.£r4;(2f0&r]f[f»^.:altered noCithe Q^Wty of the.^cfir/iii^'s 

Sting, it .onlyi . hiridred the 'Mjoykiiig , of ^ the ^P^^iion- 

iThe Sting iitf jCn inDSt,Ptf/!fr| ^uJai[v/^dpi^y^ 

r bi^ he iibat Msras iift (!];{ oti) Mount Cdvary^ ,as,thq.i8r^;^m 

, 5«y«tf.was inthe Wilderliefe, ;it him did St^.P^^^/; Jgofc 

' and live.} 3^<i«/ did rtot look, and therefore diJedf;;, How 

• comes, it about. Beloved, that <aod every t;, where in 
Scripture threatens Death,' widiout ^xceptioni to all 

cAat repent : not, > if the State oi. fm unrepentcdrof, in 

• "^homfeever it is, be riot indeed theiftate of Death? 
When bmid was intending to' ftay in J^e^iW^, >an^ lilt 
pefting the Inhafcitants of t^t^Gity, asks of, God, mhe-- 
tber the hkn> cf 'Ksilab ttfoubi 4elivey him over int^ fhe hand 
of Sad ^ God tells hiin, the^umddi and therefore cer- 
tainly had he ftayed there,, he bad been beors^yed .unta 


Sof/: ^ To urge that St. Pr/er, becaufe of God's Purpoft 
/telavfe' him, could not. have finally; niilcuTied, though 
^he' liad died Without Repentance, f as ionie have not 
''ftuck to give outj is nothing elfe in effe£t^ but to main- 
tain againft God, that David had ^he ftaj^ in K^ilab^ 
fcidixbt fallen intoS/iw/'s Hands,'; bfccaufe' we know it 
was Gt)d*s purp©(c t6 pfefefve D^vutftdmxht Violence 
of Saul: All the Dctbtttbiations of God are of equal 
'certamty ; It wa^ no 'Ai6re poflible foc'SMti to fcize on 
Davidy than it is ftrf <ht Bevil to pull' ^ rf GWj- Br 
teB out of hi* hafwiy as therefore the determinate jikir- 
ppfe of God to ^ret' David from the Malice of Satd^ 
topk not away that lupppfition. If EfavJd go to Keilah ^ 
he jhall fall into the hands of Sauly So neither doth the 
Decree of God to five his £le<^, deOroy the SuppoCti- 
Ofii Iffhty r'epent not, they die etemalfy j few the purpofts 
of Grodj though impoflibfe to be dcfeatefl, yet lay not 
upon things any violent necdfity^ they exempt not from 
the iJrife or oidbary me^s, they infringe not our li- 
berty, they ftaiid very well with common Casualty j 
yea, thefc things are the very means by which his Dc« 
crees are brought about. I may not ftand longer upon 
this, I will draw but one fiiiort Admonition, and io to 
an end : Let no mfan preliime to look into the third 
Heaven to open the Books of Life and Death, to pro- 
nounce over peremptwily of God's purpofe concerning 
himfelf or any other man. Let every man look 
into himfelf, and try, whedaer he be in the Faith or 
no ? The! iureft means to try this, is to take ad unpar- 
tial view of all our a£^ions. Many deceive themfelves, 
whilft thej^ argue from the-ir Faith to their fVarksy where- 
as they ought out of their JVork^ to conclude their 
Paith J whilft prefuming they have Taith, and the 
Gifts of San£Bfication, they think all their A£lions war- 
rantable :' whereas we ought firft throughly to fift all 
our actions, to examine thfm at the Toud:^ of God's 


• ■ * ■ - "*♦ 

Comtnam!ments» and if indeed wc fiod them currant, 
then to conclude that they came from the fin£Kfying 
Graces of the Holy Spirit, It is Faith indeed th^t gives 
the Tindlure, the Die, the Rellfhuntp our Adtions ; 
yet, the only means to examine' our Faith^ is by our- 
W<frk!, It is the Nature of the Tree that gives ilxe 
GoodneG, the Savour and plea^ntneis to the Fruit ; yet, 
the Fruit is the only means to us, to Iqiow whether the 
Tree be go<x^ j By tfjeir Fruip ye Jh/dl kjpm them^ fiith 
Chrift ; It is not a Rule not only to know others, but 
our felves too. To reafort thtis, i am of the Elefl, I 
therefore have laving Faith, gndthe reft of the fin<9:i- 
fying Qualities, therefore that which I do is good; thus 
I iay to reason is Vftry prepfterous ; We mlifl: go a 
quite contrary Courfe, and thus realbn j My Life 19 
good, and through the Mercies of God in ^efy Chrift^ 
flball ftand with God's Jufticer.l thcr^bre have the 
Gifts of Sanftification, and therdbre am of God's Ele£l : 
For St. Pefcr to have iaid with himfelf, J am of the E- 
lt&, this fin therefore cannc^ endanger me, had beeq 
great Preftmption j but, thus to have reafoned. My 
fin is deadly, therefore expept I repent, I am nop of th? 
Number of God's Elefit, this reafoning had weH befit- 
ted St. Peter^ and becomes every Chriftian man, whom 
common frailty drives into the like Diftrefs. 

I made my Entrance intp my Sermon with Ae Con* 
fideration of the Wildom of God, in permitting his 
chiefcft Servants to fall dangeroufly : I have largely ex^ 
cmplified it in tl^e Perlbn of St. Piter ; give n;e leave tQ 
m^e this further beneficial unto you, by drawing iome 
Ufes firpm it ; for great Profit hath redounded to thp 
Church through the Fall of thefe men ; Felicsus ilk ceci- 
fit quam dtteri Jleterunt^ faith St. Ambrcfi of this Fall of 
St. Peter 'j his fm hath more availed us, then the Righn 
teouCiefi of many others ; for wherefoevcr It pleafes the 
Holy §piri^ of Qq4 P wprk effedlually ( I fceak caute^ 

R 3 louflf? 

X 34 >< Sernidnof St. PtterV Erf/, &tr 

IpiLifly, becaule I would ^c no' place to^ PrelumptboJ 
iii hlra he makes dccelletfl;iiic oft-tim^g, even of Sm and 
Evil. Firftofall it .is' a tried Cafe, that many times 

. througli Negligeiice ^tf Carefcfiiefi, W fuffer our fdvcsi 
tQ Ke Qpen to niany AHvantages i In fiich a Cafe as this, 
a blow. given lis, ferVe^s us for a' rememt«^ce to call our- 
Wits about us, i^tt^c^TTupSfyi to ftir up the Grace of GoJ 
that is in us J wliich iriany*' times is in interlunio^ lies co* 
vefed like fire under AChes j for as a skilful Wreftler, 
having CifFered his Ajdverfiries to take advantage lipon 
foiiie Overfight, rec6ll€& himfelf, and comes forward 
Y^ifh grater ftrengtii. and warinefi ; (S fuJor incendu 
n^res^ (^ ^ctmjcia virtus : fixzme of the Fall, and impati- 
ence of'Difera'cc, adds ftrength unto him, and kindles 
him.' fq oft-times is it with the Saints of God j the 
(ham.epf having fallen, makes them lumrnon up their 
^ Forcej, to look better about them, to fulfil their Duty 
itk larger fort, than if they had not flijpt at all. Hence 
it is^ that we tee that of the bittereft Enemies of the 
Church, have been, made the beft Converts ; of this 
M^e have a notable Examplfe in St.Paul ; how eager was 
he in jHe Quarrel of the Jews ugainft Chrift ? None a 
more mifchievous enemy to the Chriftians than he ; . 
yet, when it pleafed God to (hew him his Errrour ; he 
proxed one of the mofl: excellent Inftrumencs of Chrift'sv 
Glory, that ever was on Earth; and fo accordingly he 
gives himfelf ^ mofl: true Teftimony, I have laboured 
fjfore abundantly, ript then one or two of them, but, then 
fh^all: his \Vritihgs bfcihg as much in quantity,^ as of 
.diern'ajl : and; St. Luki^SKivj being nothittg elfe almoft 
but a Elegifter of the A&s ot St. Paul : TTie Senfe and 
Con|gienc^, I doubt; not, of that infinite Wrong done 
to the Church, provoked him to meaiiire biack to the 
utfnofl: of his Power, his Pains and Labour in making 
Up the Bi'each he had formerly made. ,Here then is a 
potable Leflbn for us, teaching us to make otir former 

''i .._.'=:.,. ^ ■-- .^ •. • • • ;. Sins 

, ■ 1 

""a Sertnm of St.VtXi^s Falt^ i<,c. 13 j 

Sins and Impieties Admonitioners unto us, td know our 
own ftrcqgth, and by Qiriftian Care and WatchftilnejS 
to. prevent all Advantages, which the Devil may take 
by our Recblefoefi and Negligence : for. Beloved, it is 
tiot fc muclti our injpotency and Weaknels, as our 
Sloth and Carele&efs, againfl which the common Ene^ 
mj dotb prevail ; for through the Grace t)f him that 
<loth enable us, we are ftronger than he: and the Po- 
licy of Chriftian War-fare hath as many means^to beat 
back and defend, as the deepeft reach of Satan hath to 
give the Onfet. The envious Man in the Gofpel rufh'd 
not into the Field in defpite of the Husbandman and 
Ae Servants, but came and foweJ his Tares, whitft 
men fiepty fiith the Text ; our Neglect and Carelefnefi 
is the Skef that he takes advantage of : When David 
was fo ftrangcly overtaken, the Scripture tells us he 
rofe from hi Bed^ to walk on the Top of his Palace ; 
from his Bed indeed he arofe, but not from his Sleep ; 
for mark, I befeech you, David had Ipcnt much of his ' 
time about the Court, h? had been abroad, and feen 
and ranfak*d many Cities,* and doubtleli he had feen 
many Women as fair as the Wife of, Vria/j, and that 
in his younger days^ when he was more apt to kindle • 
why then now commies he j& great an Overfight ? Look 
on him a while' as now heis j He is now at reft in his 
Pabce, at ^fe on his Bed, and to folace himfelf,' he 

. . niuft rife and walk at the Top of his Houfe, and idlely 
gaze upoo a /naked Dame ; of this his iJienefs die Devil 

. take$ advantage; this is the Sleep in which he comes 
and fows Tares in David^ Heart, even all manner of 
. Luil : So that David fell as uidam did in Paradife^ not as 
a Man that fells before an Enemy ftronger than him- 
felf. The greateft part of the fins which we commit, 
are in this i^nk with Davitts fin ; He is faithful, fiith 
the Apoftje, and (uffers no man to be tempted above 
c his ftrength. Many Creatures, if they knew their 

K 4 ftrength, 

_ J 

136 A Sermon of St. Peter'/ Fallj & C 

ftrength, would never (ufFer themfelves to be awM by 
man as rfiey are.Beloved, we are become Bice Horfe and 
Mule, without underftanding, we know not ^ourftrengtb^ 
yrt are more blbd then the Servant of Eli:(^eus^ and fee 
not, that they that are tvitb m are more and moremighty^fban 
they tb^ are againfi u$ : The Angels are miniftring Spi- 
rits, lent out of purpole to guard us, and doubdefi 
do many and great Services for us, though we perceive 
not ; We have the Army of God, uH miBe clyfei & cm* 
nis amuuvra fortium j where are ^ thoufand Bucklers:, 
and all the Weapons of the Mighty: The Helmet 6f 
Salv4(tum, the Smord of the Sfirit^ the Shield of Faltb^ to 
quench all the fiery Darts of fin : only let us not ne^ 
left to buckle it on, and make ufe of it. We have to 
ftrive with an Enemy, liich a one as Anitfol imported 
IMarcellm to be, ^i nbc bmam^ nee malam ferre fartunam 
foteft ; fiu vicity feroeiter infiat vidts j feu viEius efi^ in- 
ft our at cum viHoribus cert amen ; a reftlefi Enemy that n 
never quiet, howfoeverthe World goes; if he conquer 
us, he infolently infults upon us ; if we foil him, he ftill 
bethinks himfeli how to ftt upon us afrefli. Let us not 
therefore ftppofe fedendo ir votis debeUari fojfe^ that the ' 
Conqqeft will be gotten by fitting ftill, and wifhing all 
were well. We oft maintain agalnft the Church of ' 
^me^ that our natural Abilities, whilft we live, ferve us 
hot to fulfil the Law of God. ' What boots it thus to 
difpute ? Ihall the cpnfeflibn of our unablenefi to do 
what ^e ought, excufe us at all,. if we do not th^t 
which we are able? St Auflin was of opinion, how juft- 
ly I will not Hilpute, but of that Opinion he was, and 
it was the occafion of his Book, De Jpiritu (S litera^ ad 
Marcellimm ; th^t itwaspoflible for us, even in this na- 
ture Life, ieconded by the Grace of God, perfeftly to 
acconiplifh what the Law requires at our hands. Let 
the truth of this be as it may be ; certainly that is mod 
true which the lame JF^^^'adds j TJbat let qvu* ftrengih 

• • bq 


k Semm tfSt. Peter'/ Fn//,^ &c. i^f 

fee what It will, yet, if we know not our Duty, we 
Chall do it no more, then the Traveller, (bund of Body 
XX Limb, can go that way aright, of 'which he is utter- 
ly ignorant : Yea, let our Ability be perfe£l:, and let our 
Knowledge be alio absolute, yet if we have qo mind, 
if we want a Love unto our l>ity, if we liiflFer our 
felves to be overfwayed by AflFeftion to other things, 
yet Chdl we not do our Duty : For which of us, being 
at liberty, will do that which he hath no- Love unto ? 
Beloved, as (or our Knmlec^e^ God hath left unto us 
Serif furcy the perfe£k Regifter of all our Duty, the ab^ 
folute Idneafy and Map of all the Coprle Which in this 
Life we are to run j and as for Love, he plentifully 
iheds ic in the Hearts of all thoie that by laithhil Prayer 
beg it of him: If we (bjsiilfiarch the Scripture to improve 
our K^fMtfki^ej if we (hall eameflly beg at his hands to 
ififlame our JJnfe j Let our natural Poflibilities be wha,t 
they will ; he that now doth little amongft us (hall do 
much, and he that doth much (hall do much more : and 
the Promile made unto the' Jems concerning their carnal 
Enemies, (hall be made good on us concerning our fpi- 
ritual and ghoftly Enemies, one of us Jhall chafi a thou- 
fandj and if they come out againjl us one way^ they JhaU flee 
before us fiven ways. And thus much for the tirlt Ufe. 

There is a fecond Benefit of great weight and mo- 
ment, which we reap out of the con(i4eration of the 
Errors of theie excellent Minifters of God ; namely, a 
Leflbn teach'ng us to beware offpiritual Pride. Of all 
the Vices which our Nature is lubject unto, this is the 
moft dangerous, and pf which we had need be moil 
cautebus ; For whereas all other Vices proceed from 
fome 111 in us, from (bme finful imbecillity of our Na- 
ture, this alone ariies out of our good Parts ; Other tins 
draw their Being from that, original Corinjption which 
we drew from our Parents, but this may. feem to be the 
JMother of that ; as by which even natures unftaiaed aod 

i jS A Sennon of St. Peter*/ Fall^ icci 

in their primitive Purity, may moft ea(il/ &Q. And 
therefore not without Ibme prc^bility is it ooncluded in 
the Schools, Tbut no other Crime could throw the An- * 

edown from Heaven but this. That which one 
esfort a Memorial to great men, that in dangerous 
times, Non minus ftrieulum ex nu^4 fama ^uam ex mMa^ 
it was a matter c^ like dangerto have a great Name, as 
an ill ; that may I pronounce of a Chriman man,- the 
danger of his hmocency is not much leis than of his 
Faults. For this Devil, when he cannot drive -us to de- 
ipair by realbn of our fin, takes another courie to fee if 
be can make us frefime upon concdt of our Ri^hteoirf^ 
nefi : For when by the preventii^ pi'^ce of God, we 
keep our ielves from greater Offences, if we fibd our 
felves to have a Love unto the Word of God, and the 
true Profeflbrs c^it, to be rich in Alms-deeds, to have a 
part in other'a6b of Righteouinefs, he makes us firft lake 
notice of theie good things in us ; notice taken, draws 
us to love and admire them in us : Self-love draw^ us on 
to compare our felves with others, then to prefer our 
(elves before othen ; and thirdly, to diiciain othen in 
refpeft of our felves. Here now isa Gap laid open to a 
thouiand Inconveniences : And hence it is that we fee 
divers times men otherwiie of Life and Reputation puce 
and unblameable, upon conceit and inoonGderatenefi by 
a (ecret Judgment of God to hl\ upon Extreams no leis 
fearful, than are the Ifiiies of open Prophaneneis and 
Impiety. To cut oflf therefore all way that may be o- 
pened to let in (piritual Pride^ It hath pleafed God to 
make ufe of this as of a Sovereign Remedy ; namely , to 
permit, even in his moft choien Veffels, evermore fe- 
cret and hidden Infirmifites, and ibmetimea grofs and 
open Scapes, which may ierve when they }ook intx> them- 
felves to abate all over-weening Conceit of their own 
Righteouiheis, and when they (hail look into the Er- 
rors of others, may be ieaet iVdnKxnitioners unto thetn, 


ASermm (f St.Petet's Falt^ &g. 3^?^ 

not raflJy to condemn tii«h,. confidering their own 
Weaknefi. I will therefore (hut up this Place with the 
Saying o( St Amhofe^ Etiam la^us fanBorwn utilis eft ; 
Nthil tmbi ^fuif quod mgavin Petms^ etiam frofuit auod' 
emendavit : The fell of the Saints is a very profitable 
thing ; It hurts^not me that St Peter denied Chrift, and 
the Example of his Amendment is very beneficial unto 
me. And fo I come unto the Preparative / of St. Peter^'s 
Repentance, in thefe words, 4«Ji6rw»^/tfr/A. 

THe Wifdom of God hath taught the Church^fome- 
time by oqprefi Meflkge, delivered by words of 
mouth, fometime by dumb ^gns atid actions. When 
S^erem^ Walk'd up and down t£e City with a Yoke of 
wood about his Neck, when E^j^i^iW lay upon his fide^ 
befdged a Slate with the Draught of Jerujalem upon it^ 
and Qce a banifh'd man carried his ftuff upon his Sioul- 
ders from place to place : they did no lefi prophefie the 
Captivity, Deiblarion, Famine and Wo, which was to 
fall upon JerufJmr then '^Andi they denounced it by di- 
rect Word aad Speech : yea,^ many of the ordinary 
^aftions of the Pairiarkiy which feem to participate of 
chance, and to be in die fime rank with thofe of other 
men, thcmfelves (as a Learned Divine of our Age, 
JAercerusj obferves) ilot intending or underftanding any 
iiich thing, cqntained by the Difpenlation of the Holy 
Ghoft, ei^ecial Leflons and ,InftrU(9:ions fdr us. That 
(peedi otSarahj Cafi ma thfi Bmdrwcmm and her Sm^ &a 
ieemed to Ahraham only a Speech of a Curft heart, and 
(he her felf perceives not her felf to^ak by direftiop 
from God, but moved witk impatience of Jfmaets petch 
lant Behaviour toward her Son .• Yet, the Holy Ghoft 
himfelf hath taught us, that this Ai9: of hers prefigured a 
great Myftery. Many Dilputatipns there are concem- 
' ing the caufe of this a£tion of St Pe^s going forth: 
^heth^r it were out of the common Infirmity that is in 

V-. '■■. ■.:•■'• />■•••' " ^ ■ nioft' 

140 A Sermon of St Petci^s FaS^ ice. 

moft men, namely a greater (hame to repent than to of- 
fend ? or whether it were out of modefty and good na* 
ture,that he could hot endure the fight of Qirift, whom 
he had fo grievoufly ofiended ? Howfoevcr it were, wc 
(hall do this Scripture no wrong, if we think it to con- 
tain an a£l in outward (hew cafual, and like unto the 
anions of other men, but iawardfy indeed an efpecial 

/AStion of a Perfon great in the fight of Godj and 
therefore comprehending fome eJpecial Inftru£lion. And 
to (peak plainly, this abandoning the place wherein he 
feu, the Company for fear of whom he fell, and thofe 
things that were Occafioners of his fin, doth not eb- 
fcurely point out unto us an eipecial duty of fpeedy re*; 
linqui(hing and leaving of all, either Friends, or Placr,^ 
or Means, or whatfoevcr el(e, though dearer unto us 
than' our Right-hand, than bur Right-eye; if once they 
become unto us Inducements to fin. In former days', be- - 
fore die Fulnefs of time camcj the Calling of the £le£b 
of God was not by any one AQ: more orten prefigured^ 
than by this adlbn of going forth ; When the purpo(e of 
God vas to feleift unto him(elf a Churchj and to begia 
It in Abraham^ Come forthy faidi he Unto him, otu qf thjf 
Country^ and from thy Kjndredy and from thy Fathers Houfe i 
When Jfrael being in Bgyft^ it plea(ed God to appoint 
them a fct form and manner of (ervinghim, before this 
could be done, they and all theirs muft Come forth tf 
Egyft^ they muft not leave a Hocf behind them. When the 
time of the Golpel was come, oavSaviowr holds the &me 
cour(e ; pone muft be of his Company but iuch as Come 

. forth, leave all andfol/om him : And therefore the Apoftle 
putting the Hebrews in mind of their Duty, expreflcs it 
in this very term. Let us go forth therefore tmto hhm^ 
laith he, 'u^ithout the Camp, bearing his ^fr^aeh. And iu 
the original Language of the New Tefbment, th^e 
Church hath her name from this thing, from being caUei 
forth \ lothat without a going forth there 1$ no Churchy 

ii Semen rf St, Peters FaH^ &c, 141 

ti6 Chriftiamt)^ no Service to God : the reafbn of all, 
which is this, We ait all by nkture in . the High Priefts 
Courts as St Peter Was, where we all deny and fbr- 
fwear our Matter, as St. Peter did ; neither is there any 
place for repditance, till, with St. Peter we go fartb and 

For our fiirthcl: light, we are to diftinguifli the pra- 
itife of this our g^tng forth^ according to the divenity 
of the Times of the Church. In the firft Ages, when 
Chriftianity was like unto Chrift, and had no place to 
hide its head, no Entertainment, but what Persecution^ 
and Oppreflion, and Fire, and Sword could yield itj 
there was ' then Required at the hands of Giriftians, an 
aSud going firth^ a real leaving of Riches, and Friends, 
and I^ds, and JL.ife for the Profeffion of the GolpeL 
Afterward, wher^ the Tempefts of Perfecutions were 
; fodiewhat iallay 'd, and the sky began to clear up, the 
neceffity of.a£haal feiinquifhing of all things ceas'd, 
Chriftians might jthen iecurely hold Life and Lands, and 
:whatlbcver was their own j yct^ that it might appear 
;. unto the World, that the Refolution of Chriftian meti 
: was the fime as in times of diftrels and want, f o like- 
;wiie;in time of peace and iecurity^ it pleafed God to 
raife up many excellent men, as well of the Laity :a$ of 
the Clergy, who without conftraint, voluntarily, and of 
thcmfelves, made liberal diftrlbution of all they had ; 
'■ left their Means and their Fifcnds,. .and betook them- 
fclves to Deferts and felitary Places, wholly giving 
themfelves over to Meditation, to Prayer, to Failing, 
to all Severity and Rigidnefi of Life ; what Opinion our 
Tinaes hath of thefe, I cannot eafily pronounce \ thus 
much I know (afely may be laid, diat when this Cu- 
ftom was in its primitive Purity, there was no one 
thing more behoovfid to the Church ; It was the Semi- 
nary and Nurfery of the Fathers, and of all the Famous 
Ornaments of the Church: Thofe two things, which 


1 41 A Sermon tf Sf. Peterv PaSi &cd 

afterwards in the decay and mine of diis Diicipline^ the 
Church fought to eftabliih by Decrees and CmfiituHoM^ 
iiamely, to efirange her Priejis from the iVorldj and hind 
them to a Jingle Life^ were the neceflary efFeSs of this 
manner of Living ; for when from their Childhood 
they had utterly fequefired themfelves fix>m the World, 
and long praftifed the Contempt of it ; when by cha-- 
ftifing their Body^ and keeping it under with long fafiingy 
they had kiUM the Heat of Youth, it was not Ambition, 
hor Delire of Wealth, nor Beauty of Women, that 
could withdraw thttn, or Iway their- Aflfe£tions. 

That which afterwards was crept into the Church, 
'iMld bare the Napie ofMmk^ryy ha^ indeed nothing of k 
6uc the Name, under pretence of Poverty they feizecl 
into their' Poflcflion the Wealth and Riches of doe 
Wdrld, they removed themfelves from Barren ScXi& in* 
to the fatteft Places of the Land, ftoin Solitary De&rts 
into die« moft frequented Cities ; they turned their poor 
Cottages into ftately Palaces, their true Fafting into 
Formalizing and partial abftinence : So that inftead -of 
going forth, they took the next couric to come inco 
the World J they left not the World for Chrift,c.but 
under pretence of Chrift they gain'd the World ^ Si'^n^ 

v9(ii^oy7%;, as Na:{ian:{en (peaks } one of. their ovn, St^Je- 
'rom by name, long ago complained of it, NommBftmt 
ditiores Monachiy'qaamfuerantjiculares '^& clerici jui^fo/^ 
fideant ofes fub faufere Chrijlo^ quas jub faUaci & loa^lete 
diaholo non habuerant'^ ut Jiijjnret eos tccle/ja divitesy ^$ios 
tenuit mundos ante mendicos. But I forbear, and 6ome to 
commend unto you another kind oi going forth^ neoei&- 
ry for all perlons, and for all times; There is 2l ^oing 
forth in AH and Executiony requifite only at fome times, 
and upon fome occafions; there is a going firth in Will 
' and Affedions : this, let the Perfons be of what Calling 
foever, and let the Times be never fo favourable, God 


recprires^at die hands of cvciy one of us. We ufually 

indeed diftinguifli the times of the Church into times of 

Peace, and times of Perfcciition ; the truth is, to a tni6 . 

Chriftian Man the times are always the fame : Habet 

ePiam pax Juos Martyres ; faith (»ie, there is a Martyrdom 

evea in rime of peace ; for the pra^ife of a Chriftito 

' Matt in the calmeft times, in readineS and refelurion, 

miift nothing differ fiom tipies of Rage and Fire. 

Je^/Aiw writing of the Military Exercifes pra£liftd 

amongft the If^mans^ reports, that for ferioufcefi they 

^differed from a trueTBattel only in this. The Ba^et 

was a bhodjf Exercifi^ their Exercifi a' bb»dlefs Batui ; 

' Like unto this muft be the Qiriffian Ejcerdfe in 

^ times of Peace, neither miift there be any difierence 

' betwixt thofe days^ of ^ Periecurion, ^ arid thefe of ours, 

but only this, TSSns^ -yeilded Martyrs with Bhod^ ours 

without. '■ Let therefore - every matt throughly cxa- 

nme his own Heart, whether upon ^iiippo&l of times 

of Trial and Perieeution, he tari-fiy With Da^d z 

'My Heart is ready: whether he can j&y of \&s <lear- 

feft Pledges, AS^thefi have I counted Du»g for Cbrifii 

f4^ > Whether he find in himfelf tfrnt he can, if 

need be, even lay down his Life for his Profcflion? 

He that cannot do thus, whiat di&rs his Fi&h 

frotii'a'Temj>ordry Faith, or from Hypocrifie ? Mark, 

•Iliefeich you, What I (ay, I will riot aflftrm, I will 

only leave it* tb yoiir ■ GhrifUan Diicretion : A Teto- 

' pdfary Faith, that is, a Faith lefetiWfed to the S^ f 

' in the^jro^lj, which' being fown o^ the ftony Grouiid, 

whidiered as foon as the SuA aroi^, a Faith that 

fails as ^ feon as it feels the Heat of Perfecudon, can . 

five no man. May we not widi Ibme rea&n thbk, 

that the Faith of many a one, who in time of peace, 

fcems to us, yea, and to himfelf too peradventure, 

to die poflefi'd df it,^ is yet notwithftanding no better 

ihan a Temporary FaiA, and therefore comes not fo 


/l44 ^ Sermn tf St. Vctcr^s Fall^ Set. 

fary as to &ve him that hath it ? I^ufasj a certain Pht- 
lofophcr, whenlbever a.ny Scholars were brought unto 
bim to recQive Education under him, was wont to u& 
aU po0ible force of Argument to dillwajde them from 
it ; if nothmg could prevail with them, but needs they 
. will be hiS' Hearers, this their Pertinacy he took for a 
., fiire token of a mind throughly feded, ' and led as it 
. were by inftindl: to their Studies. If God fhouid uile 
this Method to try who are his, an^ ^^g on us xhoic 
Tcipptations, which wouU make the Man of a Tem- 
porary Faith to fhrink; think we that all thofe wJjo 
. in tbcfe times of Peace have bom the Name of Chrift 
; unto their Graves, wouW have bom i^ito the Rack, 
unto the Sword, unto the Fire ? Indeed to Man who 
knows not the Thoughts of his Friends, (bme Trials 
fometimes are very ncceflary ^ Butjf he that knew and 
foretold Dof&id wnat the Re£>lutk)n of the Men of 
iJ^iAiA would be, if Saul came to them, knows Bit\ 
: wife what the Refolution of every one of us would t^, 
if a fiery Trkl (hould appear. Who knows there- 
fore whether God. hath numbredvoutthe Crowns of 
Lifcj according to the number of their Souls, who 
he foreknew would in the ^ naidlj: of all Temptatioiis 
and Trials continue unto the end? For what difie- 
rcnce is there* betwixt the Faith that fails upon oc- 
cafion, or that would fail if occafion were offered? 
for the: a&ual failmg of Faith is not that that 
makes it temporary, it is oni^ diat whkh dete<^s it, 
which bewrays it unto us jo,- be fo. The Faith 
therefore of that ; man whk:h wouU have Jimk. ^ 
fafl as St. ?etct did^ if Tempefts had rifen, nothwith- 
ftanding that through the Peace of the Church lae 
dies poflefi'd of, is no better than a Temporary, and 
Cometh fhort of a faving Faith. Dunis fermoy it is 
a hard Sfcech^ . fome man may iay j but let him that 
thinks thus recount with himfelf, that Dura^ vioy it 

Is a harJ majf that leads to Life, ^etoved, deceive 
mat, your ' iclves y Hmveii tib^ vss , nor will Bs 

g6tHU WlrtWlKjManyrdOin :1& a wordi my liretEren^ 
inr tb^'c^wr^ yoir feke%; «(h^er raqtia^ ;ift 70U 
mie 'Rd^bdbd : idfahioid ' up your Tliought^ iurvey 
every Path in which your ^£fe6iions are wont to 
tread y fie whetfaei^ ^ou Are^t^itd to leave all for 
Cbrift : If you find in your ielves but Qpe Afl[e(5lion 

txxxdber l^t^fi^WSt^^^n^ ^u are not yet 

Sufficiently provided for die Dzj of Battel 

. • » .• 

^ • » 



I ■ I » I— fc<Wfc»—J>i 



. ;l. 1 » i .... 


cHRrs'^riAN pmnipotency; 

Philip. IV. 13- 

, • • I <.. .. i . . . . •.,.»-. 

lc«nao Mthmgs tbraugft Cbriji^^tkat ouiUetli^ 
. or] that flntfgthmth Htti ^ 

.' ^ - ». • ' ' ' ^' ■ j . 

|R 6 ISii iicnceforth let all complaifft tancttiAag 
the frailtv and weaknefs cf Man's Nature for 
e^er cea(e : For behold our weaknefi fwallow'd 
up of Strength, and M^n is become Omnifotmu ; 
I can do all thit^Sy ^th my Apoftle. The ftnmgeft lea^ 
ion, which the fubtUeft ^bove all the Beafts of the 
Field could invent, to draw our firft Parents from 
their Allegiance, was this, ft /hall le lil^ Gods : Our 
Saviour, who is irifitikeljr wifer td recal tis^ than our 
adver&ry was to feduce us, takes the fame way to re- 
ftore, as he did to deftroy, and uies that for Phyfick 
whiclr the Devil gave for Poilbn : Is this it, filth he 
unto us, that hath drawn ye from itie, that je would be 
Uk^unto Gods ? why, then i)9tim again, and ye fhidl te 
tik^ Gods J by a kind of Cammunicatio idiomatwnj by im- 
parting unto you fuch ]£xcelleiicies, as are proper unto 
my (elf.- As Imfelf do all things^ fo fliaH you ISeewife 
be enabled to do all things through me. Fdf/o queritw de 
Naturajua Genus hurHanwn^quod imhecilUs fii ; ItW^s the 
obfervation of the Heathen Hiftorian, That it is an 
Errour in Men, thus to complain of the Infirmities ixiA 
weaknels of their Nature j For Man indeed is * Ofea- 
ture of great ftrength, and if at any time he find him- 
ftlf weak, it is through his Fault, not through his na- 
ture : Biit he that ihall take into Gmfideration thefe 


Words bf my Text, ihifl 'fsB better ^n anjf m\xxt%\ 
Mtn be aUe to poteive^' that>M^ hath no caufe lb 
coniplaiti of his wedknefi; '^^'^:Axateis>im(iX\ii;'X 

fulfrrHT\' isf-. 'STD /SiAiwir ^TjSna^^^-^tk ArUh^hamt: \ It ^ ^^^ 
was a Tale. that pafled asMig^ifixivsL . df . jthe Heatbeily 
that VukoM oSended widi ilii^ liaed t£jAthnsy . toU , them 
that they fliDidd bebut£6bl&^bikt i^4U> ibtt ibvoored 
them, told diem they ftpulddbid f^ob indeed, but fol- ,/ 

ly (faould never hurt jfaem. ! i.fieUrcd^ bur cafer is Hke^ : ' 
^tothat of tfaeMen of .4ii/b««r;t ^(wk ^ itet/. . hath' 
made iB^feok and weal^^ and ^ we a];e .indeed: oEioor 
lAya : Bdc .the jSon of God ^ th^< Pwd&siy the. 41^ 
«Mi . of. :^ ^Father htaSA: ||ivM^^Al :thtt gjffi^ ; tlMi our 
^eaknefi (hall never hmt titu F<ir| rlook. >»4iao fhnigth 
we loft m''MamiiSnxcwf&iix^ 
^pkd ih Qufft. It was IheiAtraUe of Ifbictd^siiiaitt, 
an Army of fSaris^, with a i^ to «didr .Gapb^ii^iilnottU 
be able td vanqvufli an Axhxf otHmty if ^hevfiGaj^taiiK 
Were but an Hart. ' Beloved, were Manjdnd^iiideedbut 
an Army x>f , iifot/^ were we tUmmleo fimUa^ ^ fifao^iuato 
the fearful MM^tf upon the Mountains, tha6-)fltit£ at 
every leaf that ftake&; yet thibughc (^i3ILu)ii^t 
ftrednhieth us, h^vingi the Lion t>f tl& 7rA»^ /of 7^- 
iifii mr bur Captain and Leader, ,we (hall^beaJbie to 
vanquifli' all that fbrce^ . vHodch the Him dut 'gi)cth' up 
and down, ieeking whom h m^, ^inwi/r; ;is,ahleta. bring 
againftusi Indeed ^^e do many, times :iadlyi^btQ»3»n 
bur cafe, an^ muck rue the Ic^, which ahroOgh the 
wcedilelhe^ of our.firfl; Parents.; lkth:befalIeotriis) Yet 
let us cheer up ourfelves, our fear ife grcatCTitbaBrj our 
hurt As Rikffndh :fy&iks \}rii(> Himkh in itik^, firft of 
Sanmdj Wtymcfefl thm? .am hffc»I' iitfer.4»fty l^hfikthen 
ten Sons ? So will we comfort our ftlve$ in <|bc'Ilkc tnan- 
ncr J Let us (brrow no ftiore for our lofi. ia Ji^hm^. for 
is not Cbrijl pgi>fM better, uhto us then aU.djii^gOQd. i)f 

L X '■■: ^arjiJife t 


bmb tf again witbCatbir. IV lofi of tkat portiqn ti' 
ftrwgfK xAieMridi ote* Kanoe nw QMj^nidlf aidiitd» 
J8 made 4]p. wkb fiilmfi cf IVywtf kr cSitt; it »;pdl 
thatcoQchifioft. of jI^ji .<itiJ \i\mmm$9 uvm QAfai 41 
4ie B(X^ of Jtt^es^MAthfiUmU^ fi is Ids fkof^fk i for 

ip»d negkait ietnis^. ado. fK^^i f^ wmmim$. So 
tmy wi; ^leak of tbtEalldF dur teft Bnua^ ic huft» 
Qocius.that jAAmi fitt^ iiajp^^ciir ftingdb and doqr ii 
muck mpiaxeiy tbar fe^tSviftlte aie irikino i t Our 
Kdmnt^l^eaknefiy'beka wthiUbfipplf 

fmmChriftft k&rtipovB'^^ftrBa^l^ of wUohaurl^ 
tuiein Its gicafieft p^rfeG^iQii iRr^^ If «e lor- 

jfey the portkxdars of tkk weakoe^'«^ imisem 
from tbe loibs of cntx&iSt Famms, we fiull fiiid il)e 
cbkfeft pai;c of Jt totem^ loftoE imtftnttafty^ Ear 
as for the bfiof tiftit f^nfiuic jplaccy die Utroocfi. cf 
nnderftanding> and jKBtfadhA or w31» hdi^ HspfoSA 
to bcddcrtjs imnMsdiatrly upoD tbe^ FaD, chde fiem 
weaknieffiis for in&riaui: tooor MortaliQf. For, God 
fotbkl^iis^fiEifltof theAifiof 4iQn»/c%4^' and fit* 
t^gdoimtBepoial^dsatfliaolfi cnfoe, maUbg choice, 
('as ft is iinoft likely) of d^ foarfidkft jut^mcD^ and 
what he (aw in hts wiflam wi^s moft Utely to aipe ys 
tbt^teosneitfaer Uindn^of underftandii^^ norcrobk^ 
ednefi d nacuie, but t^ u% If^ku. d^ y» ta$ ^ tft' 7^ 
fhaiHi. Yet fee, Bebved, vidi how gceat ftro^di 
:this mortal weakneis is repairM: For dius to be able 
to encounter Widi death, tbe fearfoUeft of aU God^s 
Curies, and duxAigh Oyrift to overcome it, at all true 
tChr^ians do, to turn the greateft Curie into, the great*: 
eft Btdltng, is morethen tntmnalst^. 

Si nm €Pitafft^ f€G^a$ ilk Tmnm : Had not Man been 

dius vcfak, he had never been thus ftrpog. Agm ua 

- . die 

itelftlicfft^{eri» eodceive obbldii ufmof!:^. ^iAiaf our 
ihti^* tfiJ^t be In our firft ^bttc^ lee m n^ our 
oaii^cmfeiii^lug^ ii6ce %e caik racfa^ yet fbJl wc.. 
nSMr fihd'k'l^ jK gresfier^ inen iMnt here li cicpficflra. 
iiiH^ l^t For greater abiliqr, then poWer to 44t#- 
tjsS^ h titit kirn^h)!^ Lion ikaa iMgf«. BdkKretf^ 
tfacffe ifdtA m Mn^fnisy they beleeni nbc Aeioaadi 
qf i fiiittiy ^ ^ki^uay fttewthl; he ^clath fig^ iin* 
to thta^^ ifiiUil be Okie of d^ Rade of Ae.C^iM itt. 

^K^ titrad^^cure w«il {^ J&P^askf^ huflily wijch 
steeh hbOuir «Hd pattt; ink be fiMi ^wtnm tjip^ I^mi 
yifi^^iBf t im6 vtioat atnd fireogifa to do. ^briD. I 
^ii^fyk^Ui^Amkebdcm in the AHi^ ii whom: 
(ptilift ^»ik A^p^Afe thia» ^ M»^f ^ if fme i^het mm> 
I attifw^^ toi6 of l^ttfifi^ ahd alt dtfaer Otriftiaiv ; for 
fimfOsa^SSfA 'txm^ by tddi^ k ai Ui «#£> li^ciato 
it hk o#l»9^ for in moffing k aabe ouf^t^ hf? ttsnii 
it iMlli M fliW fMi, ^iiU ^vfaiai SiPtfttt wr^ 
it Vinjei«fofeaffSc:#Mi(/6radi^^ 
1^9 ths^ he wiur norfound fiffenour to tlw chief Afth 

pksti fo d tt tfue^ thaK the ibeaikft ChrH&a that hears 
ik^ thiicfii^ Ih dU tlbt Ir cbncsdned in my T^t, is 
pmlfeUVIi is noiMig inBMjor: unio StP^n/, unto thd 
<3iibfAp^HM. Wte « ocmfort then is d^ uito the 
ktmif tf A» diftH^ ^hfcn he codSdte w^ hSilaleir, 
ft^ libw^ filiiait toev«ti? betiA/ ieetn to be^ e!^ in the 
4^ftMiH»^6o«ii^ yet noEwShflswdh^ in fo 

j^t^t^dl^g^ as irthts' ooiAipoieiit pbwer <i doing 
Si ^a6^l terisequU otico St l^^isr^ unto ^Bmd^ the 
gHeatl^ P^e»y «r the ClMc6f If ihfcii the \vtalcnefi of 
CMiHiib be 4o ftitx^ as todefehre the nainie of i4A^ 
iM|£M^,* iKPbat tiarie, Utrh^ title doth the ftrength of 
a OiHfti^m deArve to bear? 

Seton^y, I aiife ^faarfli^a^gha& this iroti i^%, 
ihil'iMir Wb^ te ihy T^tt? I an(bret^ rery krgb: firfl; 

L ^ though 

. • • V J). 

t ^6 • tbrifiim Ommfctin^. 

thoogfe It be V cndrcd by thb Word i»w^|,Jr^rit.ooa^ 

weU k^fuj^ as to db; and diat our bkflMnAf^ftle 
arndhgft x>tiier things €> meaolt it, is ft(>{w«nj(rl99^ the. 
WQfrds foregoing my Text. And here is. the. firft pare 
o^ a C^nftlam OinhipotenGy : his Patieace h infinite^. 
it Ji0iPs''dlt lAifi^i. Nivcr any cdnturachr, liever any 
lo(^' herer^ anyc finart io great, as <^uid .weaiy out 
Ghrtftiai^ Patience. 7WM (mdiTerntUian ) f^4fiie 4^ 
cumen^^ifmm nu^tuJ»\ fcius natmes durfSoHo fide$ 
i^^fcn^i'nm veh^ rdiio^M : firuSio. Sucb examples, 
iuch pn^ts^r haye we q£ dhriftion BaoeiKse^'^ tlM( 
witb^Il^els^they leem iftctedible^ aQd>^ in cpieftion 
the tfutfe of our Prdfeflkm ; but with usfb^sy isirc t||C 
grtwmd^ jstfid foundation of Faith., God hiiA^.did no? 

hkAi he criQated any dtqaSt that U: a^ile to pogfj^ it ; yet^ 
he ic^ms: for oUPtnflru^bioh^toi. have g6ne 9bpvn tq try* 
wharnn];ht hlve'beBR done'? He oompi^ded ^l^abanf 
to SlLcrifice his dear ahd^ooly .Son } Xim. ;^4«iir. frtecefh 
timi^ quod ficc De9 fafiii '^lactifa^ f4MM^4.*)E^ 4ii^>, £^. 
j$ Deui 'oolidjjit^ in^kffct^ feith TeriuHiani ;Sp h^vie 
wa^ the command, th^iGod.huolelf lik'd pot it (hould 
be a<9:ed : yet Ahraium heaid it patiently, a|i4: bad ful- 
filled ir^' if -God would have given Um Jcavc. / What 
flionld I ^k of Poverty, sADi&sSo^ .of die Sword, 
of Fire,' of Death it iHf Joun, Kw^Mi^ ^^ G^dtm 
the: Martyr in St. Baftl^ - ^ MifHtt®- >S»|f X^^? tip?^^ ' 
mijjrAwSv : Oh 2 atwlat a lofs I.ani, iaitiii he, that 
i can did but once for my : Saviour ? Takei the greateft 
infianceof God's Fury and; Wrath, even the pains laid 
up in Hell'for the {innd-, and Y!^ (hall iii^d th^p ther6 
have' ))eed QirlfBans, who for the Glory. <^.Gpd, wod4 
gladly have endured them : St. Paul is the, Man amongii 
f n the Saints of God, the greateft and wprthieft cxam^ 
pie of tljiywopderf^ ftrcpgth| pf ^^Om^^fi^g of ^ 
'I .i .• v! •< J • ' . Chriifiaij 

-, > 

(^bAft0ItrlUbl;^i«faat'e^^^1Illa^^ he did 

TmtdAiF&deGi^<3€^nt'^hak^^ and 4£Fe£tioa un* 

^fim ij^mxiii^StLJ^fi^i ^t^otkmjktf lakh StCbrj^ 
fimif 4^im\€JfetiCi^ St. P^c .andiDdeedy whom nociild 
itiOOt jnflafDB/.iD^fead tbnaddltniHe Ss^m^ and Brief 
of rllis Sufii»big^ llegiflxed aathe lecood of the Cmn- 
ikiwis^ at the dbrieadi CliapCfcr ?. .j^'iji^^ mor^ 46x01- 

dlm«| m St^ffet^jime me^fitre^, in Prifins mare fot^ueni^ in . 
Ik4fi&i^ luidcQiM beds iiK>ra?Yes^ he oould) &</. 
hAk HiJUitmm fr^^htn n^ jfotmt^ voum MuUt: Hkhettd 
he «qp6m Hiftork:^. vUa&t viras dDne^ and as if diat 
wetenot eoou;^ he tdbtis wine h^ Wild have do^, 
and that lasPttielice was'^bk even gladly to have en* 
CQuatted «AJF jtfielfy m^fmh '&ith lie ia the mn^b of the 
/(pnuwy I: have prayed uqto^'God, I have be^^ it at 
faii hands^ as a^&vpur, 'tfalttfi)^ the increaie ofhis Glory 
thnxighthe Salvatbn i£jpraiitay Kinfoen, according 
to d^Fleflij J might becomea C^^ama^^ and endure 
the JMmj 0^ c^nnd fire* 1jsir$uUim coniHering die won- 
derful patience of our Saviour upon his Crofi, thinks^ 
that'if there had been no other Argument to prove 
him io be God, yet this alone Had been (ufficient ; Hine 
vet maxwu^^PBinfih Dominwn )agntfiere debmftis ; fofihi-- 
tiam buf^pmJinemo heminunt ferfetraren . In like man- 
ner may we truly &v, were there no other Arg^ent 
to prove dut CliriK doth dwell in us, doth mightily 
ftreogtheik and inaUe us, yet this wonderful measure of 
patience in ib finite a creature^ could never fubfift, if 
God were not in us of a truth* 

Again, i9^#, this word of doing here in niy Text, 
fjgnifies not only fifftritigs and foHence^ this were to 
makeaChriftianbutakindof ftone: A ChrifUan hath 
not only a Buckler to refill but he mud have a Sword 
to fbike. Wherefore this word of doi^^ muft iignifie 
yet further fome a£tion aiKl life, and ib indeed it doth j 

L 4 for 




for ir skittt iitw as diB:|MA ^gfancNK !«i4 oiUhatt tltet^ 

coodand inioft ^knouft 'fait ^. ChjfiSbaii Qi— JMi »p ; 
/(7^ haofLnmk it juiUilimiB'Jas.mi^ds fa ^ 

Buc^ BdovedvaOirliHan&daniiUktt^ Any. 

of. Z^^^yAiiomhtmai&xta i^tt^ at^ W(bmm.Uim4k' 

^^^^^iy ki whoie^ ejae. ioo&kig Older (^ 
(hew ci(^e49mfi. Sk^JhMukhSk left W4i 

outward and iiwavdi^tKdiljr and f^oSiyi that fin be^ 
muftred agaioft m ; JLii^i^SMnM^s^'M'*^*^^ 

imaginable^ and pcmonnces of ♦ tfanOy liiat m' all ^icfii - 
me are Canfsem^^ Cmfmnn. is. toa omfi a VEbtfd, f(s«|M« 
v#x»^i^ vne are nme daem€mfmmst §tff iuo^ftfc&q^ 4>"^ 

que]rthem''\vtthfia,fi^ widuMaoy 9uas ixt.Smmtl #4»* 

C4^ ViBma, dicstrss:^ J j '^xigif^ we |luU fitt HCoA ti» 

bring £)rch.agiftinft dmaiaU our Fon»^ a^finU: f»ft c£ 
tliem w31 tefefficlsofi ^rg^ d» dajr; and not oi^ oi- 
vercome them, out fasnefiftandfaihMC 
£br.Sm h like iamS4|q||Si^&Lbii,kr comesi^on .n» vidi 
open moucli to. devbui* us^' boi^ wfe^ti Hie lum Aski. h^ 
we ihatl fiod bon^ la, the bell^ of ID Woidnfid them 
fore i^ the power of 'a.:C^1il&ili^ 'wiaa neiC oi^ 
overcomes, and conquer^ and hSb the 'Vifkr, butl9» 
the ^iiiM j^tdecary^ j&akes Aittadoie a»i Tttude a£ 

^- I:': ; J. * Dim 

S6J^<dalk itettJbf <«0niedi^ at Whx^meiat 

^riiac^i c¥(ftrMnnchadnAig^ «^ in il^V 

o£jtElD MhMfayJii "fl^'-^t Mii e W teL^f , Mb ^iiMr iMstf^-f 
n^mauMs kdbm*^'' t m f^fgk f l^i ^ i ^^im^kHtk ^(Uf^-^ 

ceiralQrJbb ;:SM&tiiM MkiM^ftri^ tei {^« tinnift w(f 

mftTimiafi' HI Voom pot ^tAtstt Kik»it^ Annfes asuf 
Airii^huJbi -oboaibi^ -forAfvri^ ^ij^mw fKeotj ^vi^fiidli Att 

ie WHie thfif SoiMk^ fo^ Wx>ne^tf]a[nfi)re% ^nd fidte 
Dvjiii alldiiir ib^^ , Bl^dved, T nifty iiot ^itkj tMt 
dtt; ApoiUe flA mriili^ nin Kpdi't. or otttr* Eficitiici rctf- 
ceir 0fliauff diR iihielili t^ ; iHiif ^m^ I tftmle, Im^ 
fi^ %, tl«c lie ffiftlk)^ Ae taa^ i(SM yMdrm 
For bouine'Pkrl^il^ w xsix fn» Etitm% tiobe vS 
Anrngnthsia, or ftmi¥etime fht^giet, mr tbur is tf 
vmy |irafittUe«nir| knsaiie^titnxm' Wdrjr, M^pra- 
vUroar (ti9W titt b^tttr. Vbt to flSgtit ami obni»|friiy 
oiir£iMn^,.M<irrmifa^eMer^ fidb, aiidthiidt Wm 
to be woakor tb((n hri% ri^fcaifi cavMttakffatt orer* 

diat^i h k m wi iHatttr t5 ottftomc luiai tnat tfti^ 
1/ Jonmre^ Im^ emt (bet^ti, and the fttmgth of his 
Admiv^ Aisd: hi^ btl<»m^ is the emsr oP nsofi 
CbiiUans, \i% ^i^fioe kio^ of wfot fbtngch tec ain 

*54 QhiltfM Omfif^ui^ ^ 

vc loic^ upofv 4us jBody of ouffv <ii^ ftp^tole .diat .m - 
io weak .and £dnt a. Sul9e6l there- citmot iiikfift.'i£>! 

gircat Srrei^lHv^ we^^ fi'^ ^ > «s if a Man' ftibldd- 
|i|X^e the Li(jupjr ^^,tbf lniibt)eftoC the VdfelwuvfaidA 
^ k. As divert l^a^imis Ux^iviracfoc^ haUea iir/ 
dieir Fields, ^i^hidb t^ kooEKP oocrof; ib odtt^y ' of ns 
have diis Trt;si^.<^ Ompi^MMg^ ip u% bilkt we care-. 
Qotto dijicover It and, to know it ; dU ;'Ve but par(q9^ . 
Iv ki^ V our own ftceogth^ aod wouU vinebitt'Gompare' 
It yimthc itrpngc)^o£ our Enteue^ !«^ Oiduld p]aiiily<' 

kifipil;^ adVaota^ ilb6to^ 

tban, tfa^t o^r C^^qu^ imy Icetaooc i!o be lb fguea^ 
etendcd : Fof ibe greater (be radvaotage^iaitt 
yc^ tbeVi^bryi^ tbeJc^it land th&t vUdiii 
iGonqu^gseat^ is not Ibii^iqbliiegreatefitof ^ 
hionbatconc^ie^i as tbeftoongcb^gm^iefiolF]^ 
lija^ is , overdupwQ. ' Now what; pirdportioD kr 
there, betwixt, date ftreofish of God himi^ dwd*- 
Hng in u% atyl. all : th« ftreogth; of Heaven » 
Earthy and Hell beOdes? How ih^A. can we count 
this Spritual War ip fearful, which*. is waged up- 
on {p unequal ;Terxn$ ; Jn fnfimotk Cohp^ffiis cum btfie 
Jis^ vtceris j m which if we but give tl^ on-fit, we are 
furetogainth^ Vi<9jocy ? nftitijfe vieijji efi ; To rcCft 
irto conquer, for lb &ith the Apoftle^ ^ft the Devil^ 
and' he/hatlfiee from jou. There was never yet any Qiri- 
ftian pongueredr dut could not ; and in this war not 
tp yield the Vi£bry, is to get it : As therefore one 
^sSss of Al9X4nde/% Expedition into JnJia^ Beni aufus 
eft V4M comemnere y the matter was not much whkh 
be did, d^egreatefl thing i^ it was, ibat hedmfi d^ it : 
j^ coniidcring pur ftrength, and die wcaknefs <£ •. our 
adverfaries,we may w^thoy t prejudice ipeak even of the 
worthieft Soldiers that ever fougl^t theCe fpiritual Battels, 
Bene aufifum.vand ccntemmre \ The greateft diipg diat 
we can admire in th^m/is, t^ thgi dmfidait^ Would 


V9 bqt; a litdc p^caminf^,d^^^ of .,.flUf fAmG^ . 

^i44bcJi young^Geg^nii^ of 4#??r .»p« . afia^ 
fpeak before the.piultitude vSoeraif^s 5^ ,pi| hia»;h Ij^,^ 
asks hiB|, Fear yai,^ ^ jhei ft^a^ml .W,\P9^^i 

tcrihe\piiikluidej* w^ J(^my ^ pf » ipiritu^tl Adverlirfes r 
wiiic0 are;rca4y^i^^^^ let hica,^| 

P)w«i.i».jpr^/ijij|vi^ Its a fiyiqg, that the 

firil^ d^g that 15 Qverpi^e ina Soldier ^i$ his j^^,. while 
he judges of .his Eoemy oy his multitude and Provi- 
Con, ratjier fhan. by Jii?. '^rength.^.. Beloved, if we ' 
judM|iipt of our -^eJcj^^ 19 grois^^an4 were by ^ 
thfUEjfe, ^yr^^ Qiall. ^y fe,- ttat w^' flwJl ,not need, rto [ 
do a; xnc Kjn^in/I^^ Qqfi^l ji)fl;J^^ t6 jals Enemy widi 
Conaitions oi^peacej for there is no treaty of Peace t» 
be ha^ with thefe« H^ p^mri Peace th^ft Jim. hi hUfien. 
faith the. S(;ripture,an4T^5 is m Peace muothe Wiekgd^. 
faitbfiff i^ok Not jply^wrw^thcwi^^ noChri-; 

ftjahKat)if or can have ^ Peace, |;e myft be always as. 
PgJtiting,. aqd j^wa;>rs Coj^ueringv Lei; us finglc out 
(pme pn^ of this Army, and let us examine his Strength* 
Jk it^ii'^.doidtlbniucha^ ? I make choice of it^ 

BeotuiE'it is tl^e drieadf liflpft Enemy that a Chril&a. 
hath ;' us a little cbnfider its ftrength, and we (Eall 
■quickly fie^ there is nbiiich need to fear it : Sins arc of 
Wq fovts^ either ^eat ^i capital, qv Wll and ordj^ 


^ n 





. J 

Fbfrt; yetmi*^ trtte i< d* cifi. We Tptaik-t^ 1** 
g^oeft diitigi mtbiitfiiik!^ . Yodr own expdiehct 

ii^y j^nsDOQ^'Sfla tne ftftoF wSitTsptnc or fraicHiii^ 
ate iSx SstsdF djeleViiff^ tftgtc di^ have nor ibygAi 
at d! but tipbh t!^' ^treaJdeil, Jtled; fi» cbdbitefr if ^ 

mide, tb^ imAhetbe cotfoddodl, i^xy w<)«!ild te 
tfieSitt^ of t{id mbft: llut/Madriflg Thoog^t^ ifle 
Woftis, peM!^, Lofb iQtJOddSdenttbWiiidi, JamwdcihM 
Lbvtwth6rii0igit^iliw Woil^iuf the ittft of distc 
fi^^ttm of onfiupty Skis, lieSiiehiim^Agt have te^' 
d^cMsBt an4 dotniAltx^ and fttnii or thefe, 6^. jtD ^ 

die^ tttoite bf ids ptetttQ ^i& etre^ Mak Ar dit; 

liiii^dt, k'dft Brabi!^ liidie Fiog* i «^i^ 
cbii% of dii^^b^ of diei tk6 pfitSiiSj aM, bh' 
jpMiOri latdi diSsli dife ila^ ^. Gti-. hi Matt 
aoC hem it ouns to pa&, dtodg^ ^'. fei aod codftft 
dtat iti diofe g^ and Ikabote (iMaieis, di6 ]!)e«1f 
h^th'leaft Pbv^ ', ytt at dxt bon^ d^ i4^/of dkf 
ibot of iixnflet add otdiiaarjr Sio^ m^e pttfihd)^ ytdbf 

dor m^tfs C^pdVd; attdciyoat; £frjiifi» i^yyr, d^' 

ftreaedtofdM!DevUbindie&} a$!ft^ti^(»tlike linA) 
tbchdMdous J^it in PUnkt idi^ if a Mb dtftifl: at 
iMridi his vOtok Bddf, hecdtdd noctfioifii^y^ al^h 
iti^flitikeitwI(hQ«e(^Ms'flQg«eii IvIb^Wh^t'att 
i>Lu--. 1.1- j^ us iChilteaM;^ Wh6i we fee^tfee pHddpal 

d»^gtd!tteaSlmtiedUi\ti!Q^ diel^ cahnck hi 
tymoag. SdOMidly, ii k ttSi^Kdl Hmt^Uin^i 
& mochaS^t'tis? tetuldonfider ^a Mk, 
&e What grtettf catlfc'WC bivd^ iWfc Aa4 firfl^be. 


r c-v 

«kf it M bp ip fjamg% ^ tb»t w^ i|)q^]4 %^ ia inr 

cp tncdwtar itttyn} «m«»w it; j6«r we«^ wvfr ixw^ 

imi.€Q(wtQ beflf Y«m fiofa^ i44«)R>4jj(m«^ it^or 4ih 

Sdumiom cidifr gp(t^,L b^ 9W(^ nlbm^i Qr evil 
)«di VMcb iiBfMtedibt Fom» ol? il i £) thur fimr iu|r 

tbm wr riip|K>&» W^^^^ ]« Ih« a £»ir ^i imiw it 

^M^MSt7w^«iiir^# ^tfa §r. cin^^a^ It istba oth 
'ii«Fe of timmKis aod ieargd JdeQ efei^SKXRe co be 6f«- 
Ottog io thoEoftlviK aM«l^]^ F^ais. I fxnifejS, it i»fi 
ftnii^tiuDg, »Hi itbath m^iy tmes iw<;h aina^Md 
V^y toib^hQW ripe to Sifli vo^ ChU4r^ aic, ih tlM^ 
jWdng ^ tender Ye^rs : an4 e re li^ejr underWd WMt 
^ittm^ of Siaand £?i! meaiui they are uae^peSfid^ 
ud wHitoi knoin by wbit mean^ wDodor&Ilyi^rompt 
aadvjcmytQvillaQy ajid wickedoe(9» asif i^ttey hgdjg^Kr 
tp^fiMf9i$mthm M^lm$ fVmk* I kopw not to wtiit 
OMiic to unpufie ^dua& but I verily fiippoie Imight 
>quitClx%iit||ii^.£i« £rom the guilt of it : For it is anjl«d 
Caft^andcaiohidbdh}^!^ of theSchooIs, 

that Qr^pM/ Silt ia aHkein all : and S£«P4iy/ i^ems tp m^ 
toipeak to that purpofe, when he&itby that God kafib ^ 
ti^ cvneludtd aH mkr Sinj^ aad^ ^ |// 4rr nA^ t/f/rHt- 

MjfiieGl4^ift^: Were thcrdbfeChjwM/^j^ (life 
4ilbtef bf "this ^ttrahge exorbitancy id j&me youi^Chl). 
"dtttii'di^yiliotiikt df*be(ot a tKng which bur oiim 
^3t)ptr ic nce te»che^ titf^'to'be faHej-^Mr We i^ in^ritii^ 

4hidi being '^ibwedvrith^^ moftoeed^ 

^'&ittk' ta eKodi^t ef&6):.- hi^ptieris elucet fft^fU&mb^ 
'Mmi, &itb '^hfiUHak^ qiue M tmrntwr ktaie^ fnamfifimk 
^i kin defec^^^natiiNmfii dtrm ; In cbAdren tOBXtf 
-t^ian- iibj^br^xcelfent things appe8r%>whi^ th 
^per age fdf ^t^6f' cherifliing fadk&and wichmaway ; 
[dcertoiii fign that Tib/i^f is not io weak, as Parents 
fiild TutDi^ ^e 'iMsgligent : whence then comes this dif- 
-fiirence? 'ibem^y^iiot boaa^it JSature^ whidi is #Me in 
«dl, but (hok'' i^m^ other cai|0. • <^As for Oripnal fin^ 
^' >Vbat flir^h4t i^ I ^Xk riot ^dUcuis : only thus much 
i wiH ' fty^' theffe ift noife of us kll> but is mudv more 
widkedi theh thcf flrehgth of anyl^rimftire corruptiQli 
cat coiiftfaia > Again, kt us'^e heed that we ' abufe 
Htlt our lelves, l!hat; we ule liot the names of <)nffnil 
weak^fs as a flale or ftalking-horie, as a pretence to 
chbak and cover lomewhat eUe \ For oftentimes when 
tvil tiuoatkn^ ipiel^J cxdmfles^ tcf^ cuftomzni caminuandt 
in Sin hath bred in us an Ikdnty and neceflity of (inning, 
prefently Original fm^ and the weaknefi of Man*« : naf* 
tiu*e bear the blame : Vhi per fimdiam^ t;^viv W^^w 
ingenimn^ defluxercj nature infinhitas • accufaMt y When 
through floth and idlenefi, hixury • and dtftemper , >our 
time is loft, our bodies decayed, our limits duU'd) we 
caft all the fault on the weaknefs ii our nature; That 
Lnw of fin in out Members^ of which St. Baul (pake, and 
which fome take to be Original Ccrmftion ; St. Jiu/iin 
once pronounced of It ( whether he. meant to ftand to 
it I know not, but ib he once ptoabiimced of it } LeJe 
feccati efi videntia c&njuetudinis ; That Lam of fin^ duR; . 
carries us againft our wills to fm,- is notUng eUe bcft 


tkkfifi^e iMwoldte of l(n^ Cufitik mi\^miymimte Jn 

'^iGn: iknoW tjbac by the Error of our fim Parent^ the 

Dier^II hath blinded and bound tis* inorie thw eyer' t^ 

PbOifiitws did Smnff^ :. Yet tUs pcied^ ipK>t . to make' if& 

•tteisftand isi'^ iXpHgimlfFiuils^^^ Wind' add 

"bthirid 'as we a^ ;fet Ac Devil BqiM never fc ftrdi^, 

yetifcto Hsur begrowhjif Qirifrdb fc u^ijvc 

ihftir be "able^ 5ii»i}0»-/>^, to bear his ftibn^ Pilkjrs, 

-aild-piea down his «(Hifea^ / ") 

Thirdly, Is ft die pepil diat we thank fo ftrcwig sea 
Advetfaiy ? Let'^us a litde oonficfer his ftrehgth,^ he 
tnay be coniidered either as an inward Enemy, iuggelj:- 
in^ tmito us ikifbl-nrijoushts ; or ' :^iah' outward £!be- 
'inly, lying Iti wale, to affidl us m Body, b; Goods, or 
the like, flrf^, 'agaitift us inwardly, he hadi no forte 
<tf^ his'bwn ; from our lelves ic is that 'be borrows this 
•iHtngth to overthrow. us. hi Paradiie hetwrrowcd the 
Serpfeot to abuffe us, but now evety mah*Tsth2ir Serpen^ 
4>y which hinrielf is iabuied. For as tfatii^bal haying ^ 
Verthrown the l^iyi^took dieir ^inliour and fotight 
againft them with their own Weapons ^ Ibthc/Jw^i/ 
arins 'hirofelf agaunlfc us^ with our* own ifepength, oqr 
Senies, our WiS, our^ Appetite; with tWfe Weapons 
he fights againft us, andmes us«aga^ft our felves jl let us 
but recover our own again, and the Devil will be diP 
atDi'd : Think you that the Devil is ^t\ imnficdiate 
Stickler in every fin that is committed ? I know ye do : 
But take heed left this be' but an Excufe to unlodeyop: 
Faults upon the Devil^ and to buMd thcln upon his Ikck ; 
for St. Cbrjffiom thought* otherwife, »\j8 4i ^rm^ ojo- 

vrnfieldf vif hfUTf^ :■ 'The Devils hand; fayr hejis not in 
every Faulty ma^y are.done meerly by our own Cat ci- 
le&efi: P tfc&f f^»ii ^V /uit «/>« i3ax@* jS", ^^ Anegr 

iigent carplcfi P^Jcmi finsy; though th^"iDfe*i7 never teriipit 
him. Let the Th«h of this lie whcreit wJUi 1 think 

>' .it 

I my fifclj^^^k thus rouchi 44iat jf ifc imwU-lawt 
Qmt up our WiKst and ufe dial; Gi;^ (if God whklei it 

IV^^r of hia wou]4 /all p tfs^ik^ i As tgr tiiat (sdnir 

U^<|. pa 4%4 ^tkf^4 Qidtb the ^Mm^) fiHl^ Ms 
items rotm J stout tbf^ thai^ /m iim^ tpicfim ^m^^WCiiL 

^i^ we thkilf t\ik;^Sx^^ tho&to fscfinnfQ^ n 
le^dMH^ tba|( dT tb^ eirU Ai^ wdejbiqr? On&^SMNiit 
wi/ii%tipQn tte M 

be hqm if the Apr above vH'§PC9tiM£aiid tuM^ 
thiecau^ot this «^lb9 bimd^^ 

^4%r ^ <)9^/^ving4Do^a^ wim ToQpeft^ tfa(^^ 

Jr K^bc noci bu^ s^ ^bout AI^VBod^ i& abdvt^t^ 
rcF? fiuthlul Pa:£«^th^ dapQtteiid, tb» dne t^ ]m^ 
za^d^. th» o6ieK ta ditliveit Y^a, htt^^ i3iM jntpiTO 
imp useviL4ioiig^: w»U» wKlcannoc gtod Jbf^h^ 
^fplmfpod^ tbcy ait ait: £v aof thing qifiwrsi by the 
JUw. of their jSieatJQfit fqu^ aad (tall we ^tiiak ditf 
God did glire uatq ^.I>m/ an jtl^ti^ FMoltjrt btyef^ 
taog)e» >^b he deQi«dtta'h]%g(»d ^Ag^ tD-fti^ tt 
(rtm^l Though g^Ae^fik 0Oi3id nbc inffise good 
Thw^^ }9Qt God^bctfivfab anddoch; So that Sat 
ai^y tbiQg j^t »pra% wa have, lu^ &ch eaufe to ibnd 
m feu*, orthettraagthof dir iJM^ either MvwwKr or 
,mmar^^ Hvib haw C cmrpikied' t}ikeJEV»Qe of thiteof 
.ola^prJbcipal;]E!I^miflSg(^ l^couUpiQ^'to examine other 
particulars. c^d^Acnqf of oor Ad«cr£urie$^ liie l^^M^ 
the f/^. P^^mimft and the refty and make the like 
quoftbii of them, » I have dooe rf thefe, sokI £>con^ 


'f X 




t^ude^ ^ocr/aes did to Aktbhies. If ydii Have juft caufe 
to fear txmt «^; thcfe, Vhy flibuld yoU fear them all, 
fince that of fiich as theft the whole Rno« of them coil- 
lifts? But I iriuft protfeed to fearch out yet aiiother 
meaning of this word of dbing in my Textj and that 

Thiidly, Therefore we maf take tfers woriS df doin^ 
in Its kr^ft lenfe : as if the AjSrflle Had meant literally, 
^t indeed a Chriftian can do alt thihgSy that he had fucn 
a Pbwcr arid Command over the Qeature, as that he 
could do with fc what helift. In whidh fenfe it is like; 
wife tfuej though with ifottie limitatibft j^and here li 
Ac ^third degfei6 rf our Chriftian Onrnipofthcr, In th^ 
former j)arts the OfHiiifotencc of a Chriftian iufier^d. nd 
reftniint, it was illimited, unconfin'd.^ He U khfilute^ 
Otanifi&tem in his Patience^ and can fi^cr all ththgs : hd 
is Hkewife dfilmety OmfAfotent in Battel^ and can coii^ 
quer all his Enemies. But in this third fignification, his 
p^er feemis to be ftreightned : for liow many things- 
ar« there whidi no Chrifttah man can do ? yet is he £> 
ftreightned, • as that his Omnipotency luffers not We arc 
tau^t m die Schools^ though God be Dnjnifxotent, yet 
_fnany thin^ may be named which hedannotdo: He 
€aiMK)t deny himfeif^ He cannot Be, He cannot fin. He 
Cannot die, .Yet may we not conclude, that therefdref 
God is nocXhmifBtent ^ for therefore is he the iriord 
Omnipotent,- becaule he cannot dothefe things : for abili- 
ty todarh«fethings,is ImpcrfeiStiwi and W(^kne(s ; but 
in God we "miift conceive nothing but what argues Per- 
fe6lipn and Strength. In Ibme degree we hiay apply 
this unto our felves, in things that tend f o 6hriftiah Per- 
fection, every Chriftian is Omfiipimi^ 4ie cannot rai(e the 
Dead, tura Water into Wine, ^ak ttrith Tongues i 
True, but if he eould^ had he for this any forthef di- 
of perfeftion above other Chriftians ? our S^vioiir 
tg to deny it; Far fnany'{^9A^ he)ii/ that dWf fhoA 

J 6% 

Cbnfiian Oumifuemy. 

in thj Name ? And he jpill «{pm them^ ^^^J^ I kl^ 
you net. Bcloged^ our Saviour loves not to fl^t any 
part of ChriftiaQ PerfcfHon : yet my meamng is not to 
deny unto a Chriftian the power of doing Miracle^ for 
every Ctiriftian ^^an dodi every day greater Maudes^ 
than yqt I have fpoken of. But, Belovee^ iii this mat- 
ter of Miracles, vfc do tnuch abuie our (elves? (ot 
y hy ? ieems it unto us a greater Mir^e, that our Sa? 
viour once tum'd a little Water into Wine, than cve- 
ty year in lb many Vine-trees tx) turn chat mto Wine 
in the Branches, whidi being received at the Root* 
was mere Water ? Or why was it more wonderful for 
him once to feed five thpufand with 6ve Loaves, tbeii 
every year to feed the whole WorH, ly die, ftradge 
Multiplication of a few Seeds caft into the Ground ? 
After the fime manner do w? by the daily ttdions of 
Chriftian Men. Fcmt why is it a greater Mii^de to 
raife the bead, than fbr every man m raiie himlelf 
from the Death of Sin, to the Life of Rj^tepufiefi ? 
Why fcems it more miraculous to open the Eye^ <£ 
him that was bom blind, than for every one of us to 
open the Eyes of his Underftandit^, which by reafen 
of Ori^nd QmufHm^ wafs bwp Hbd ? Fbr by die fime 
Firmer, by the fame Power of God, by which die 
ApofHcs wrought thele Miracles, doth emy ChrifUaa 
Mail do this : and without this Finger, it is as impoffi* 
ble for us to do ithis, a3 for the ApofU^ to do the Mi- 
racles they did, without the afliftance of the extiaoftli- 
nary Power of Chrift, So that hitherto, in nothiixg, 
are we found inferior unt® the chief Apoftles ; what if 
theje be fome things we cannot do ? ihall this pilgu-- 
dice our Power ? It is a %ing in ^imilm^ Ofmet^ 
Grammatictim ^u^ntam ignorare ; It rouft not impeach 
the Learnii^ of a good Gr^nnuortm , to be ignonmt of 
feme things ; fgr iSere are many xmncceflary: Qiulkis 
.. ' « and 

Qf^idis in Gmmmar, of whkb Co pmchale thd 
knowledge, vere but ]a6 of Labour and dm^' Bt- 
lof«d, in die like ixianner msty we i^eak oi ^dut lehres^ 
iiparut ChnJUmum ^tu^am nm f^^ M Inaft hot d]f{3a- 
1^ the power of a Chriilaiiit thk he caniKn: do feme' 
.duogs. Eoi^ lo regard of die 'height aod exceOenojr 
of Us Profeffion, Sefe inferior. tbbgs which he' can* 
not do, the^ are nought ^ but Gi^mar Qutfks^ 
and to beambttious tado them, were but a nice^ mi^ 
4iute, and ovei^fiiperftifkius dil^ence. And yet a' 
Chriftian if he lift, may chaUengt* this Ponder,, that 
he MH do aS things ; yea^ c^en &ch things as he can<* 
tiot do. St. Auflm aniwering a Qtieftidn nude untoi 
iiiin, why the gift of Tongues was eeaiBd in the 
Ckureb^ Aod no man (pake with that variety of Lmv^ 
guages, which divers had in the Primitive Tidies, wb» 
tily teUs M6, ThiU evety one may. /4i/ify claiik tmo hirttfilf 
that miraculous Gift of Tongues, For finee the Churchy 
whioh is the Body of Qtfift, of which we are but 
Members, is far and ttrkie difperft over the Earth, and 
Is in fundry Natbns, whioh ule lundry Languages, t^ 
v^€^ dF us may well be fiid to ipeak mch divert . 
Tongues j becau& in that wiiich is done by the vdiolt^ 
or by any part of it, every part may claim his.(hare« 
BelcAred, how much more, by this reafen; may eve*- 
ty one of us lay a far dire<^er daim to an dfobtti 
PowiT tf dotti^ oH thk^s^ even rA its largeft extent, iince 
I&y not j&me inferior Memb^, but Chrlft, who is 
our Head, . hath this Power truly i>efident in him. How- 
ibever therefore in each Member, it feons to be but, 
l^artial, yet in our Htod it is at full ; and every one of 
tis may afliane to our felves this Power of doing dlthsi^s^ 
becaqfe we aife fubordihare Members unto that Head, 
whkh £411 d6 aU thingt. But I muft leave this,, and gor 
C)n to the rpnfaindcr of my Text. 

U i Wvet* 


1^4 Chriftian Ommfoten^. 

HkHertb I have (poken, firft of die Perion, t Se* 
condljr^ of his Power, c4fi Jo: I (hould by order of 
the words proceed in the third place, unto the Sid> 
]tSt or Obje£k of this Power poiared out unto us in 
thb word.Wrvtt, aU thi^^s. But die Sutgeflof dik 
Chriftian Power hadi been £> neceffitrily wrapped 
up, and tied together widi die Power, that for the 
opening of it, I have been conftrained to exemplifie 
at large^ both what diis Wrm, this all thmp is, and 
how mr it doth extend : io that to enter upon it a- 
new, were but to trouble you widi Repetidon c£ 
what is already fiifficiendy opened. I wiB go on 
'therefore unto the iecond General of my Text. For 
here me thinks that CJueftion might be asked, whidt 
Dalslah asked of Sam^fon^ Tell me, I frsjf thee^ mbertm 
ibis greaf ftrer^th lieth ? BMd^ Beloved, it is expfef 
ied in the kit words^ tbr^b Cbtift tba$ fhtf^tb' 

This is as I told you, that Hair wherein diat ad<* 
mifable ftrengrh of a Chriftian dodi reiide. I coo- 
fe(s, I have hidierto fpoken of wonderful things, and 
hardly to be credited; wherefore fjJi li 4J^^A|«r 
v'rc^ff»»€ im9cy WixiT, left the . ftrangenefk of the Ar- 
gumcot call my Credit into queftion.^ Lo heie I 
prefent unt6 you the Grpund of all diis ; A finall 
matter Ibmetimes ieems wonderful, till the caufe of 
it be discovered, but as ibon as we know the cauie, 
.we eeafe to marvel : how ftrange Ibever my DiC 
coufjfe of Chriftian Onmifoteiuy doth feem , yet look 
but upon this. Caufe, and now nodung Ifadl ieeth 
incredible. For to doubt of the Omnifotenty of a 
Chriftian, is to queftion the Power. of Chrift him-. 
iel£ As the Qiieen of ShAa told King* S^amm^ ik&l 
ihe had heard great things of him in her own 
Country, but now (he law Truth did go beyond 
Report ; . fb, Beloved, he that travels in die firft part 

. • '•-{ ' -, ' of 

Cbti/t$Mfi QntrifoithCfm ' x 5 jT 

of my Toct^ and wooden at the flrai^ report of 
a ChrHHan Mans Power, let him come to the % 
oood part^ to our Sohfmn^ to him that is greater than 
SMmmm, to Chriftj and he (hall find that the Truth , 
k jgreater than the Fame of it ; fot if he that was . 
po£fird t^ the evil Spirit in the Gofpel, was 16 
ftion^ that bebg bound with Chains and.Fetters, 
he brake them all : of what ftrength mud he be . 
then, whom it pleafeth Qirift to enaUeP or what 
Chains or Fetters Ihall be put upon him, which he. 
will not break? From this: Ddfbine therefore that 
Cbr^ is bcj that doth thus enable us, we learn, two 
Leflbns, whicb are as it were tvo Props to keepus up* 
i%ht, diatwe leannot eidier totheRi^trhano, 
the Letc 

Firft; f<fyt to h dcjeSed or difinay *d, by xeafin of 
diis outw^d Weaknefi and Bafenefi, in which wc 
ieem to be. Secondly, not to be fu^ t^upon Opini- 
on and Conceit of that Strength smd Qlory whidb is > 
wMiin us and unieen. For the firft, for our own 
outward weakne^ be it what it will, we cannot be 
more weak, niore frail than Gideons Fitchors : now 
as in diem their Frailty was their Strei^;th , and 
by being broken, they put to ili^t the Army of 
the Midiani$€ST & where it'.plea&s Chrifl to matl^ 
that whkh ieems Weaknefi ihaU become Stredgth^^ 
and turn to flight the ftroi^eft Adverfiiy : Sm9$i0i 
edpiarwn eum Publiff Decio^ f3 mm^uam mmium: Sbfiiam 
/Srr, Qid one in^ Livie'j we may apply this uiftoout 
ftives.* be we never £> weak, yet Chrift dkmi isAr-^ 
my and Forces enough, andwith htoi we can ne? 
ver have too many Enemies. The Fleflb indeed h 
weak, (or (p our Saviour tejk us, yet this Weak* 
ndS of die Flefliis noprgudke at all to die ftrength 
of a Qirtftian ; for though the Fle(h be weak, yet; 
die Spirit is ftraag, a^id Jo much our Saviour tells 

M 2 lA 

JUS to« : dftd wlijr tfaeti do ve not folte«r dbe ibofigft 

ii^iimatd fiaamur^ faith UtrtuUim ; If the, Spirit be 
/h-ongerihan the.FIfcOi, 9|rhii: ikiadncfs ii it ?in us ta: 

nlli}ce johoicc of, and fpUbv the WQiker ^ide / 

» ' '' .. ** ,' 

HulU fides iemfktm MffMr tkg^tmmm. 

Whidi of you is lb imprcrt'ldent, as, in a Fa^ioiV -t<^ 
make 4^boice of that iide^hidi he tke& to be dK wtak- 
dl, and whiuch he knows miift fidl ? Agai% th» we^Jb*/ 
inefiof a Oiriftian is ohljr outward, leithih y^hat heir,)? 
ffae woitls of my Text do fuffidendy flichif. Sdfrm^. 
otftWd^WMa nian ofdefofinedSh^ he ^ 

one of an excellent Spirit : and therefore 4kibi4tks in.; 
!^/#c Up y arK him to an j^katr/sBox^ wi^ch wkh- 
bar had fvinoed itpoii kztAfc&t^ ^4/^9 or &ni^ d)$f 
fonn^ duqg ; but widiitiiwas full of £«^ .aild pieei-i 
ims 'Oyrmneni Thus^ Bdoved, it -ii ^k^ GhfiiHafii. 
vhatioevor outwird Defitmity he feems to| have» h^W^ 
everkefiems to be noting but Rkgi wl(hpi|t, y^ he 
is mux fnrfutem^ all Sbirlet aHd GkriQHs mit^ : I bav^. 
ikid, 2^ i^rr (%Wj, fihii die Scripturt, tbp! ^ ^^^[iib^te is; 
Wontto 'ihgro^jahd impropriate this jSi^r^xm-e to t}imn 
i^ } UcaUfe fktkig; in f^e of Authpriey, for eiecutf* 
igri 6f Juftice, he carriek iome r^fcmii^pe of G^^^: 
but t0^«tiQm can lUislSitripture betfer :;belt>tig than to ^ 
iChrift&uiiMan i For die ^frgiftnate btfeedtcarries ibnn 
^ifiWiof ijod wid!iotti^ b«9 many times- ttrithtn is fiill 6| 
Gothiption and Weakaefi^ the ChriftiaR carries a. £be^ 
of WJeaknefi witihotjt,'biJJt, widwa ift^ii^)^; Qod a«Hl 
dhri^ The (<»:ond (hmg IvUoh I lioidtyw !W» krirQ% 
Was^Leflbn tcaichjiig u% riot fi> be /lift i^ wii Q$M 
Qti aikl Conceit of our own outvmrd-SiSQ^h iai^ Qi<h 
17 : ibr if any man, beoauie o^ dss, Ih^be^to tl^ 
c^'himiclf above ^batki o^g^J^jhifll.k3tow^'d^^^ 

Cbtifium Onmifotemyi i6y 

toxf&f xf hkjescted|g£; ftreqg tiu no otherwife dian 

(alien into the Water, Alasy Mfier^ it was bta km I 
Thofe that bu3d Houfe make Am^lji^ whfch ieem to 
hold iro the ^eaoU) ^whtms^llideed, as St P411/ tells the 
Olive-faranch, Jbm tearefl not the t^^ tut the Hgot thee: 

$Q i^ ii ttup 19 Jlieni, ^dhiv ^fwr wt i^ d;ic l^nd^; .the 
^Wjfe be^ \}p »heoj. j^#(e^ 1^ ^e* n«Ycr lb 
ftrong, yet we are but Mtickiy the ibength Jl^ which 
dieHouie of Chrift dodi fland, it is not cKirs^'it is 
Cbr^\ \rhp by thai: Po^er, hjmbkhhe is4^le to Jjfk 
Ase a thi^s to hif^eff^ dptn fiillam both fajiii^lf^^ 
us. ■ ••■•,' 

t I. i ' f i.i. ■ JiJL i n. i mi ^ lii J ' l i ^ i i r i ' iJ it. 

M 4 IfUM 

• t 


' , .♦ .. ' • ' .. 

- ■> ■ \ \ 

• • ••• 

Lu^e XVHI. I. 

Jhd hi Jpake a Par Me tuUo them^ to this end 
that men oft^ht dp^ays to pray^ and not to 
■ ■': fairiti ' 

r • 

T Y Text IS like the Temple z^tiietu[dem^ 
it Is the Houfe of Prayer, wherein we 
may learn many fpecial points of the skill 
and'pra<ftife of it. Now as that Temple 
Kad two parts ; Firft,the Fore-front,the Porch,the Walk 
before it ; and Secondly the Temple it felf : So have 
t^efe words Hkewife two parts } Firft, d^ere s^re words 
which ftand before like a Porch or ^Valk, and they are 
thefe. And he Jfak^ a ^imAhtrnto them: Secondly, here 
are words" like unto the Temple it felf, that men ought 
alwap to fray^ and not to faint. If you pleale, before 
_ we enter into the Temple, or fpeak of thefc words, that 
men ot^ht almays to fray^ let us ftay and entertain our 
ftlves a little in the Porch, and fee what matfer of Me- 
dication it will yield ; And hf Aakg a Parable unto them&Cc. 
io inffrud and teach th6* igAorant, no method, no way 
(6 (peedy and cfFe£hial, ^s by Parables and Fables j 
Strabo gives, the realbn of it, ft\eiJ)Sfiutv 58 i etvif^nn: 
&^oi(juop Ji T»r» ^ ^tKi(iv9ov y For man is a creature 
naturdly defirous to know j but it is according to the 
Proverb, as the Cat dcfircs Fifbi lod> to touch the Wa- 
tery btb tQ take the pains to. learn; knowlcdg is indeed 
a thing very plealan^ but to learn is a thing harfli and 
tedious above all the things in the world. The Book 
which St. John eats in the tenth of the Apocafyps^ was id 


riT; I ; • t ;'.*.'* s^ i 

A Sermm m S^Luke xvui. i« &c. 16^ ' 

his mouth (weec as honey, but bitter ki his belly \ Be- 
loved, thole lArarumJ^llmwsj ftudents that like Stjolm 
cat up whole Volumes,, thefe find the ccintrary ; for in 
dtie ii6outh, in tbe .peru&l, their Books are harih and 
/ ubpJi^i^tj butinthe Stomach, when they are under- 
ftbod'and digeftcd, then are they delightfiil and plea- 
fcrablev Yet one thing by tbe providence' of God our 
nature hath, which makes this rough way to learn more 
plain and eafie ; it is ^Aof(u9@-, common experience 
fheWs, we are all very delirous to. hear narrations and 
reportsiy either pka&nt or ftnuige; w^ men dierefeie, 
aiid God himfelt which is wifer£enm^ ^'f^ to train 
up Mankind, Genus nticcile^ a SutgeA; duU' bf heaiiag^ 
and hardly drawn to learn, have from- time to dme 
wrought upon this humour, upon this par( of our dif 
pofitidn, and mitigated, fugred as it were, tbe unplea- 
bqtnels of a difficult and bard Ledbp, with the fweet- 
nets.of ibme delightful Parable or Fable: And StC&p^ 
fiftorA tells us of a Ph^fician, who finding his F^ooit 
to abhoif Phyfick, but m&iitdy long for WJne, heating; 
an earthen cup in th|p fire, and quenching it in Wine^ 
put his B^tion therein, that io the fick Perfin being de* 
ceiyed with the loqell of Wine, m^h^.^^^wares drink 
6fF the Pfcjyfick : or, that I cpay better draw my com- 
paHfon from Scripture, as when ^74006; meant to be 
welcomf to his Father If44Cj he put-oii ]]js brother £- 
fifus apparel, and io got acceis: So, belovfd^ wife me% 
:)Rrhen they meant either to inftru<ft'die .ig)3orant,> or to 
rclproye'o0enders,yto prpcure tjiei^ wdcoiiie, andmiike 
their Way more paflaible, have been Vont for . the raoft 
I part, a^ it were, to clp^tji their LeiQ[bn ;pr fepraof in a 

\ Pdr^h^ or td £rve it in ^ ai di(h llavourihg of; Wiae^ that 

I fo Jacob might be adm^itted under ^/Zi^XQoat, daac.tfae 

fineH of the plea&nmeis of Wine mig)it dr^w doiivn the 
Y whoHoiiuiefi of Phyfick. Great and fiqgi^^^r; have bcdft 

r^ ^6ie'eiSe£b« which this kind of teacinng by Parabks 


ijtx itf S^rriMff «M ft. Luke xvUL t; 

hidi wroo^t in mea; by infbrmmg their knorance, 
scpfoviDg their errour, workbg patience oTjreprqof; 
apeniw die unkrflaading, movbg tiie afieftioiis, and 
odier fovereigii ooounodicies, « (dfo^ tt mitva* i^ 

j^n. And for this xamt not or^ our Poets and pro* 
pfaane Authors, botwhole Cities, and Men wfaid) gave 
Law to CoQunoii-weal^ have tnade eibedal choice 
of diisCourfe : Yea, our SsWCiur CSifift hlmfelf hadi 
flkd die Golpek with farMiSj made diem Iik& a 01- 
Vinemnd Ghriftian J^oj^t FaBles^ b;ecauft be fburid it to 
be exceeding oro&able. For, firft of aS, it is the^i^«r- 
^ and moft jmMUv m^^ and above sdl other ftcop to 
diecapooity of the Learner^ as beinp drawn ekhcr from 
Treei^ or Beofb, or from £»ne orcmarjr, conunpn and 
known'a&bns c^ men ; as from a Shepherd a,ft;endi]tf|( 
his Fkidc, firom an HuAianAnata ibwing Corn in h^ 
Firid, {ran a F^ftief otfHng his Net into die Scatfi:wi 
a Woman putdng leven intp her dou^, or the like. 
So than in diis tefpeft a PMrabk l$ Itke Mfis\ Tabmu* 
Ck, which outwardly was nodiihg but Goats* s)qn$, or . 
j[bme oioiinary ftuff, but widxin it 'Was iitk, ^d ,pi:udic| 
and Gold. And indeed, finc^ dib(e we teach m^ ei^i^ 
children, or ignorant perlons' whd are but childreOf 
( Itkdmi' *fi #K f i§- i^Jivm T^/^ror mJL mif 8Ji, for 
exeiy man m '^rftiat he is ignorant, is no better then a 
0iild ) diat manner of information fits befl:^ vdijc^ is 
mo& JCsSe^m^fBoiSm. [ Agaiii, ^ Paratk is a kind ^f 
prngmoni txmtfle^ expreffiog unto us: what We hiear} 
now nothing doth more iHumtite and e^^n, then in- 
ftance^md examf^e^ itf^mp MI^KniiSif in a jParable a^ H 
WBtfe-iipotv aS/^, die diing diat we are jg^^ght kip li 
iKuner ^S^,^ ^'^ fbrdi before our.eyes. Secpudly^^ 
4R4r4MRf-do not ot^y by their plainnefs open. the inijjer^ 
AmdiD^, but the^ itwrl( upon the 4^81^, aiid ^bi^ 
^di^i^^i^hismSi^T reifcxi of ttiat facetenefi and 



^ ^ we -«€(««»«* l-wbifc tlvipBfad riiw -wWob itkjr. 

TVm iTfh* »r** #r cii|/J. i J0i^4 y»r<i*Bfc«^ *fe«^i^^ 
a^tft'dte'te^ ^r.Ti>BB£O'dv>ati0-ifiiawnl itewiaHaii 

ti*;.lpthtr«te •feUr'rfi d««amtutMif:iRsi^ itt odpft*.' 
i)tig 9»iDft tbe dbiiranr.'lmi MaUBNn«ti$vAttd«a«ibfu: 
Xd);,.£tl9Mi if >«hi>: faeattoeA of ' JvmM» -dodv: iM^ 
ifitprk Wkh .tB«i,i(£iKe tc <ftBi« wriawihid wn*i«tarfiflJ. 

^ ibiibdf «)f nhcr QHighrtiV a(4 «ar.^iMitf Wal <«a-t 
f^-d 'fa«ffrwiiIx!<|iiiKniiaRiiiiaiat atal> MptQSMbMW 

HfKMV'.bUR; &wowi>>ia!iil«wi'PadWe5; >l<«ii <ti«K, -WAt 
^ DMT. ^#. 4i fltf the>ia>tonk tbmfaH-^mli !»fwfiK M^AM) 

](aur .Tva^:,iiwikD<f^#«tehiw Safiaar ^^^^ ii^fn' 
(torpxau^ >£»-;{ie r^mtfy .st^iefe'wiii} adiMtmW, ^j^mW' 
v^jiilf 1oftru£iiw»bjr- Amiii« littfaabbmhtili orittir<kihdi;> 

t^^iia^cgkijt^fwIiiK MwnrmrLAMlii .-r oiaay :diwv ltd- 
vAf ^(lektdbig vidiMA, ^wiien ise bail offtuded, teir 
t))E?<iMiAgJ}«ri^lvitb.5feiltbd& ana drafts 4i)34$ fidK^ 

tb^cpmi»'rii(l^;M]|;^4dtualy to Tajaviidx]* ii»di flb^ 
Wnos'tavw^liiuat^KQvgdai .%ipt>k ndc litis iftnly te 
\ . . ' rcgartl 


>7% 'a Stmm fnmieJ m St.Jj^ rr'm. tl 

jBpxi of MiKifimM nfubn^ ated bf die Pntfttr 
qi the W(»d| but of aU other; ibrto tepravt(Xka- 
dpn isaoommon dwy, and beloflge to every private ' 
imn sswellas to tbeMinifter.: St*.Aj|U»iQ his Book 
tk Cimuu Dti, Iiandting die qudtioiv Why ia amunoa 
calamiries die good do bear a part, as well as die evil, 
dDDOBgfi many odior realbm ^res diis as a ^ledal one^ 
That good men are notcareHd enou^ ia reprovifig- 
die CRDurs of their icSaSag brethren, but by conni- 
vefKfaad fifeaceia-' anniner partaketin their Gta, 
atwl as it were Vjr. ctnifii^ Taake tben their own. : It 
ihaji not be amiftdierd^ even foi'yoa f£ die Lair^^ 
to heic£]med^it^t9ciacEriiiag diis arc 6£.-rtfnhmfuiii, as 
a.du^coQcerabgj'ouas^w^as tke Prebdxr. Fof^ 
vi^efo. and . geatleac£ of: a Cbrifiiaa is ilever bettor^ 
1m») dien in' repmriog : Now one coinfljon error of 
rnrehendersf k thsic oirer^^t sind.<plalh' mumer - <^ 
rowku^; ^OkfiB^e^tir^m^ ^tufi.titwit^ wfailft diey li^ 
[^VQtbeyice»-aiif;dxjrhattd^fer(oa, and upbnad 
radwr,ihcii rqwehcodi by diis oUr importunity, wc' 
deflrc^ more linncis then ite &ve. It is an- 6ccdlent 
f^iervation in St.c£r^^}Mi,'.-j«ip|^ j^'MmAfy «m{uS«titnu 
iVi^* )'< ivtLyr/nAtM eteid^, uitieafEifiabk and impot^ 
tt^iatt reprcheoders. make oSen^ngpeVfofts, d^/Mbre to 
fteal:li)¥ir fordi^adgEtndtDJlet a good face opoa thdr &£^' 
as.the ^n& of the jnoild i%and to ieek out Excufes itd- 
A{)^l<%ies for dleir- &l'1^ tells m,that^ the Ora- 
tor beiag to d^end a pbrl6n, who was aooifed of Fa£ti- 
oft«nd SeditioDy bentbii' wits to 'maintain Sedition was 
good* and not toJxi>(4}je^jted as a iu^ - ' That we fpice' 
not our oSending' Ermmn unto dus^d^ree <^ impiH 
drajy^ letuscoi&lt wSth our Qiarity, and know thfr' 
qua^ and nature oF the O&oder, Husbandmen tdl^ 
tis; tlitf.tbe.yQai^'aad^tender brani^es. of a Vide ate 
nQt:toibepnul'd 'Away, with a knifed but geody pull'd' 
away, by hand, fielded, ixioie we* feprove, let ui' 


knovthe oonditfQa of our Brochery ^iriiedier he be not 
Gke die young Vioe^ ibft and tenicfer, and io tp be on 
ted' mher Mritfa the hand, then widi the ko3e: and if 
he be grown £> hard, that he flnll need the knife: wd 
muft not rafhty adventure of it, but know diere is ai 
^ili likewUe in ullbg the knife: As Bhtd in the Book 
^ JuJ^Sj when he went to kill ^/o», carries not hit 
Da^er in his hand, ' but comes unto him widb a prefior^ 
and had hbDaper girt privily * under his Garment ;otf 
as a sidlful Phyiiaan of whom we read, being to heal 
an impoftume, and finding the fide perioh to be afraid 
of Landng) privily wrapped up his kpifo in a J^mij^i 
With ^irfiich whilfl he gently finorhed: the {daoe^ he 1^ 
ced it : ia, Bekved, when we enoountor our oflfeoding 
Brodier, we mufl not openly carry the Dagger in our 
hand, for this were to de£e our Brodier ; but we muft 
wrapourkxufeinour iponge^ and lance hnn whilft we 
finoodi him, andwidiall i^eetnefi and gendeneis of be- 
haviour 'cure him ; as^ the Profdiet cured lie;^kias^ 
by laying a Plaifter of Figs upon the lore. Men when 
they have offended are like unto fire, we muft take heed 
how we come to(^ear diem ; and therefc»:e as the Che- 
^m in die Book of l|^*s Prophefie takes a cole fixxxi 
the Altar with the tongs: & when die.Prophets dealc 
w^h them, they (Hd not ruddy handle diem wkh tbnr 
hands; but they came upon diem warily under Faiable^^ 
as it were with the Cherubim tongs. How could NatbM 
have come Co near unto Kbg David^^ and drawn fixnxr 
him an acknowledgement of his fin, had he not como 
with the Cbendfims tODg^ and decdved him with a Pa« 
rable? or how fliould t)x Prophet mgde King jibah ice 
his errour in letdng go King BenbaJaJj if h^ had not 
as k were put a trick upon die King, and diiguifid 
^bodi himieu and his ipeech, and maskM his errand 
with the Parable of him, wlu> let go the P>riibnier that 
was committed to his charge ? So that in diis rc&e&j 


ii we ^moMrdyine ^ IfrnMe^ we.moft ipmnotinee ic to 
\aor, fimififmitmy a oril or fpi^a^&irit/^iBmj bjr.i(ferhk& 
jperfiiv :wlift need iolbiiftioaare:hn3eft]f "suid ]m 
MguSsd for tbeir osm priofitai Ub :inarv%} tbezdbcc^ 
if our SfSfhat Ctudft in hb Ptetohin^ doth e^eiy whoe 
dkJD& u|Min l^iruilfr/; Far being taJSaiVQT tb u& io im^^ 

k^rastneftfaeflobi^'iiudK che^ of 

lea^hiog^ iv^Mkli kitb. iqafl' lUadihaod to pre^ 
Inol tpdl jrtammwid them ontD tts. - The Dofhiae 
tftdJE^ Giir 'Sanoi]r4n.iiiy Te^Qt Ubim ta heat iqto a% 
T^^ {omtikui^ kA ffffekamgrf;^ oiir iV-^rr and Rc» 
lipDw Modk^tiob : A Ljeffo^iaerd to be attained, and 
ib ot cfont thriccfae ;cBPamends it un^ m; on^ by J^je^ 
«a|^/«» tmkcUy iUtrMe^ liotii kiF them very efie6hjat 
tuumto teach •* if ezanple of ^thabinipohiunade tmd* 
mif^ w^nan^ k Mink j^;: hj^ BmMiy fiift. in Li% 
t-x. (£ haq:diat|0ig wanniniss^ and loth to r%^ 
jictat ysfiraadsiii^piE/yn»i^^^ and iends hioi biead; 
add ieoondlj, l»}r.the F^Mi of the m^ '?HP ^^^ ^ 

Bt2t all this itdiSe I.mnft Dot ferget, diat i am but va 
ix ^^Mtt&'i in ib&Amhj and ^ttance into^the Tena* 
pic, V^^diffire to \ndk(too loD0,.inerei if not to lole, j^ 
toiiafd^ my time. JLet us dDv.tberctbre.enter.ifMK) die 
Xcmple it fidf, and tooiiider the main vnxrisx^ my 

which rmxriB liave a doutaie meaning. Firii:^ there is 
SinSa qaem fjickai '^ these Is sa lodewhkh fbs words 
^etnielvts yteld as t^ey lie: Secondly, Serfus fio' fimt^ 
the &nie and aneaning m which die Ho^ Ohofl 
intended and ipsdce thoii^ cf #e look, upon the 
ftrde wb'di the woids ijaetnfelves do give, it ftetns we 
are advlied hy dsem to be like Amia the Prophetefi in 
iaJa n. yfho difamd mt fhm ^' Tkn^U^ but fbrmi 
Qod mii ft^ng amd fr^^ nig^t *4ikl d^jr. In all places^at aU 


o0c£aik>Q9 t^erp^hiallir without imierrnkfioa to pngr : &r 
|jhu& di6 words do ruti^ that we et^t^dma^s to fr^ md 
mt, to fiam. But if we loc^ i^n the ienfe laiAMl 
die Hdy Ghoft l^)ake diefe words, and oonfider wlw 
waa hbintem: when he wrote fihem, we Ihall find dxH: 
die Leflbn which We are faenne tio leaxxi^ is, Thar me 
be like unto JiteA in the Bode of Gemg/Sr, wreftfe ^kfh 
God, and tell him tohis face, T!hm wo wi& not Ut Aibk 
^ tillho hub given us biiUeffb^: That we bccoisne Vbt 
boldfac d Suitors, or impudent Beggars, diat wfll nw: 
beputfagrwitha deniali but liiien we have poured ^ 
our Stippfication tinco God, and &id his ear kdttd )Btb 
Ignitus, yet tocoiQftience them agati and again, igm, 
t& thihltime; ypi^mtboutwiiffaimiMg^wffyiag 6¥er| 
^ by a kind of impottimate «nd unmaittierly De^odiM 
we faEvretonftramed Godco kcableffing fall: aad tittt 
tluawasthe intoitof the Holy Gboil: in this j^ace^ it 
appears upon riie yeiy reading dp the Fio^^^/r. 

I will briefly ^>eak unfit) you of both fhdk fitlpi^ 
in dieir order, and firft of die fif^e which the words d^ 
give, Thsu we alwj^ts m^ht irithmtt intermig^ to p^. 

Dpootm in ordinary perfens is a thii^ eafiiy raifid, 
and cafily allayed : Ev^lbangeevefeit, every tear, ^ani^ 
ry Uide oakinify or diftrefi is enough to put us into A 
fbain of ft^ligious Meditadon ^ bat on the cofttMijr 
fide, a finall irlatter doth again asqoiokly kill it. it 
feems to be like i fitotiJhM Agne, it eom» by fits, eve^ 
ry day it takes us^ and every di^ it Icaxnes us: or lifc^ 
Flax or Straw, or liich light and dry BuS^ which etifily 
kindles, mA« ibon.goes out. Indeed it is a^ood thbig 
when we find our hearts thus tender, and upon eveiy 
occafionready to!indt into Devofldon : ibras tp be qakk 
of (enie is a fign of life, andi^pureft and bcft com* 
piexions are" quiekeft^of fenie : io it is a great argumeiit 
of IptritUal life in us^and of purity of ioul, when we ^m 

'ij6 A Semmm StLuk xviii x* 

hJkfJSM^ (o eaiHy apt to fall upoo devout MeditadoiL 
But our Saviour requites yet anotber quality in our De-^ 
VQticMi, it muft be as laftuig as it is quick. J^uinHlim 
advifeshis Orator to beware, how heltcxxl too long up- 
on a (dace of Paifion, becaufe that paflion is not lai^ii^, 
& idhilfaciUus Uchrymis marefiit ; and men cantiot long 
weep. But, Beloved, our Saviour gives other precepts 
of Chriftian Oratory j he wills, if we will prevail with 
God, to iniift and dwell long upon a place of Religious 
Paflibn, and provide that our tears may be perpetud 
und never dty : an hard thing you wUl take it to be, 
yet certainly it is very poffible. There is a cjueftion rai- 
led among the grean Masters of natural Learning, 
Whether or no there may be a Lamf lb provided, that 
kmay burn for ever? And they think it may be done : 
Bdoyed, our Saviour here teaches to pra^le that in 
Spirituals, which hath been but a matter of i{)eculation 
in Naturals, even fo to kindle and drefs our Lamps, as 
that they fhaU never go out ; but belike unto the good 
Hpule^wifes Candle in the Froverbsf dtiat goes not out 
by night, qr rather like the Sun which flunes for ever- 
more. Daniel is laid to have kindled this Lai6p, and to 
have made his prayer thrice a day, DaviJfeven times a 
day, but this is not enough ; for in that the one is noted 
to have prayed fiven times a day,^the other ttrice: It. 
is likely at other times they did not pray, but God is not 
contented with this mtermittent prayer ; for if we look 
upon my Text^ we fliall fee tAt there muft be no inftant 
free fixtfn prayer r we muft not meafure our prayers by 
number. Number is a difcreet quantity, as we call it, 
die parts of it are not 6onnext,arenot tied together, there 
is a feparation, a diftance betwixt them. /That that mea- 
lures out our prayers muft be line and length, (bme con^ 
tlnued quantity, whofc parts have no feparation, no in- 
tenniffion : for fo fiith my Text, men ought always to 
fr^. Alfpofs^ the whole life of a Man ought to be but 



'jifui be Jfdk,e a PatMe^ occ. 1 7 jf 

one continual prayer. But let us a lltde conHJer how 
pbffible this is, and iee if thefe be any thing that doth 
neceflarily enforce intenriiflion of Prayer. And firft, 
that Wonderful Lamp of which I but noMV^ told you 
gre^ Scholars had fpoken, is n6t yet made, bccaufe 
they are not agre^ of what maceer to make it. And 
indeed in the world, things eitMer af e not at all, or be- 
iilg, do at length ceafe to be, either bccaiife there is 
no fit matter whence they may be framed, or elfe the 
matter of wMch they are made, vaniihes and dies. Biit, 
Beloved, prayer is a ftrange thing, it can never want 
matter : It will be made iyA^A^PeAmf^ i quoUbety out 
of any matter, upon any occafion whatfoever j what^ 
ibever you do, wherefoever you are, doth minifter occa* 
lion of feme kind of prayer ; either of thanklgiving 
unto God for his goodne&j or of praifing and admi- 
ring his greatnefi j or of petitioning to him in cafe o^ 
want or diftrefij or bewailing feme fid, or negledt 
committed. Is it the confideration of God's benefits, 
that will move us to tbankfubeis P Then Certainly oiii^ 
Thankfulnefs ought to be perpetual, there is no perfeh 
fo mean, no feul io poor and diftrelled and miferabl^^ 
but if he fearcb narrowly, he (hall find feme bleflingjfor 
which he ows diankfulnefs unto God: If nothidg eli^^ 
his very mifery and diftrefi is a fingiilai* bldffing, if he 
ufe it to that eqd for which it Was fent. Is it ^Hc con-< 
fideration of difireis and affli<^ion, and feipe^degre^ of 
the curfe of God upon us, that Virill ftjp^our devotfon ? 
Indeed this is it with moft mea-that nndles the fire of* 
prayer in our hearts : Men for the moft part arc like 
unto the unflak'd Lime, whfch never heats till you 
throw water upon it : fo they never grow wartii in De- 
votion , till fomewhat contraty to their wifties and dif- 
pofition begins to afflift them r then cerraJnly dur Pe-^ 
titiotis to God ought never to ceafe : Fot never wa^ 
there Man in tn^ moment of his life entirely happy, 

N cither 



178 ' A Sermon Preached m Sf. Luke xviu. i. 

either in body, gcxxls, or good name, every man hath 
fome part ot affliftion ? Bleflnig and Curfing, though 
tl^cy feem to be enemies^ and contrary one to another, 
yet are never fevered, but go hand in \\znd together. 
&me men have more of one, fome of another, but , 
there is no Man but hath fome. part of both; where- 
fdre as it feems not only jsrayer in general, but all kind, 
all (brt of Prayer continual Prayer itiuft. 
not be, as it were, of one thready Ive muft blend and 
tem^r together all kind of Prayer, our praife or thanks, 
our lorrow, and make our prayer like Jofefljs fattf-cfh 
lourectCoat, like a beautiful garment of fimdry colours. 
So then, as fire goes not out C) long as it hath matter to 
feed on, ib what fballbe able, to interrupt our devodon, 
which hath fo great and everlafting ftore of matter to 
continue it? 
- Secondly^ many things in the world are nccefl&rily 
intermitted, becauft they are tied to place or times j all 
places, all times are not convenient for them: but in I 

dife of prayer it h oiherwife, it feeks no place, it at- ! 

fends no time ; it is not neceflary we (hould come to 
the Church, or expert a Sabbath, or an Holyslay; for ^ 
pj^yer indeed especially was the Sabbath Ordained, yet ' 

prayer it felf is Sabbathlefi, and admits no reft, no in^ . 
terir^iffion at all : If our hands be clean, we muft, as 
our.Apoftlc cornmands us, lift them up every wbere^ at ^ \ 
all times, and make tvtvy place a Church, everyday a 
Sabbath, every hour Canonical, %^i^ ^ aySf »ww «V et- 

^eu htTim^' As you go to the, Market, as you 
Hand in , the Streets, as you walk in the Fields, 
in all thefe places you may pray as well^ and 
with as good acceptance a& in the Church; for you 
your felves~ are Temples of .the Holy Ghoft, if the 
Grace of God be in you, more precious than any c£ . 
thole which arc made widi hands. The Church of 


ifgnii^ hath stode t part i£ )aet irein'^i or Cmmoh^ 
fjs^tfn-ii^^ Hkatkk me xa^ih^aithnnCkncmm^ and 
i(Ssa fer Fbrmtaf prafor, whichrCkrgy-iDen Qu(ghi! to 
1^ whm.dieT^ik^^ontbaJoiBVef, a^ arefu^ri dieit 
Mf»)^; why flr cdb tt kin^^mfn Clmcdrumj and' 
ifaprapt-ktes: it' umd the Clergy, I khd^ not; 
Alb i^^M) fefe cb|^r I ieCi have caSbd k JHtkratiun^' 
h^ormnfi'tiA Ittimmy of tfaelislil/; fiiice it is a (hity 
falobfllgiiig utttaldMii as 1)^8 at fdi the Mihiffief: Yet 
thus much the estampk of that Ghuith teacher, that 
00 place, xiorofca6on eicdud^s Pt^yet*. We read in ouf 
BofiJBs, tfastt^oneof the Edinielt Eniperors was much' 
takpx^wW hetfiw a* j0iMM»''gdng in the Stress with a 
\T^l dF/wciter on hechead^ her Child at her girdle^ 
her ^indle iorher hand iwiftin^.her tht*ead as Ihe ^trent ; 
faffdbu^ it' a: wonderful pon^ of diligence thus to. 
emidoy all paces anf^ tirn^ indtferently. Mdved, if 
iti bb thoT' wMi bodi^i Iftbour,, how much more fhould 
it; he fi'lirithTthb lidioor of the Soul, which is far more 
ea&,iand:heeds» nor the help of ai^ bodily inftruinent' ^ 
tiva^k? AiidhoW' wekotne a'fpe6&cld will k be, 
thoik yon, unto thb gfeat lUng o^ H^ven and Earth, 
when he* fhaif (ee that no time, no occafion is able^ 
intcirrupe the labour of our devotion ? Is it the^ time of 
Feafting: and JoUit^, which leemsf to prelcribe againft 
praytr? Indeed pr^er is a grave arid foberaftion, and 
ieeiiis not to ft^ with (port and merriment; yet nor* 
wkhft^idii:^^ iris of lb pU^Me a nature, that it will ac- 
coiritnodate and fit it felf eveti tb Feafts and Sportings. 
,Wfe rekl in the Btok of Dmieti that when BelfhuTii^ar 
made liii jgreat aildlaftFeaft to his Princes and Lords^ 
that they! were merry ^and drank Wine in Bowl3,and praif^ 
cd the 'Gcds (fCMatid Sitvifr^ Braft and of Iron, of JVood ' 
and^rf SiffMi Beloved ffUili Ethnick Feafts find room 
for AeJr Idcditrous Wbrfhip, and praife of their Golden, 
BnaucOf' Wooddcn God^ aad (h^l not our Chriftian 

N ^ Feafe 


iSa A Sermm fre4cbed an ScLuke xviil il 

$*eafts jrield lome pkce (or the praife of dbe true God 
of Heaven and Eardi ? LaAofaU^isittimeof (keptiiat 
leemsto give avacadony and aiMm to prayer ? Beloved; 
£leep is no part of our life, we are not- accountable (or 
things done or not. done dien ; Tertullim tells us, that aft 
unclean Dream (haU no 8&>re condemn us, than a Dream 
of MartTfdom (hall Grown usy ^d> the dfi^s do 
teach, tlviit loofe Dre^jas ia &e n^t^ (faali never be- 
laid to our diarge, if . tHaey be not xxeafioncai by kwd* 
thoughts in the day: F(»r they Jlre* Cegihuiams $9ije&e^ 
nm enat4ej they kre not thoughts fpiinging out, but call 
into our hearts by the Devil, upon his £ore (hall th^ 
go^ and weihall not reckon (or them: So dien, thou^ 
lleep partake not of our Devotiohj: yet tfas hinders not 
the continuakieis oi it Jlriftatk tdls us,that men who fteep 
perceive notany partof tio^e to havepafled^becauie thqr 
tie the laft moment of their watdungwidi dbe firft mc* 
mentof their awaking, as having no ienfeof whatpfled 
betwixt^nd (o account of it as one continued dme.Bdoved^ 
if we do withourdevotkm as we do with our time, if we 
(hut up the laft inftant of our watch]ng,widi a Prayer^ and 
relume that Prayer at the firfl: inftant of our waking, we * 
have made it one continued Prayer without intemiptioa 

Thirdly,' and laft of all, ibe greateft reaion Vfhy 
many buiinefles of the World cannot be a£led perpetual* 
ly, is, becau(e they muft give room to others j Vmcum 
0fbuftum nm alit duos Erithacas: The a<^ioQS of the 
World are many times like unto quarrelfeme^ Birds, two 
of them cannot peaceably dwell in <>ne Bufli. But 
Prayer hath that Property whkh Ariftoile gives untofiib* 
ftance, mHi ejfi cantranum^ it is at Peace,* and holds 
good terms with all our Cares of the Work!* No bufinefs ; 
fo great,or that (6 much takes up the time and Mind of a 
Man, as that, it needs exclude Prayer : . it is<}f a loft 
and fociable Nature, and it can incorporate «and link. , 
into our Bufinefi like Water into Afiies, and never in- . 


ioreafi jdie Bidk of them .* it x:ah mix and interweavfi 
k ffilf with all our Cares, wi^out way hmdmnce uh- . 
totheni ; oajTyk is a great ftrcngth atnl improvement 
.unto diem, i&mf : ^ If m-icrXlir^ff itx0A$(i£v; ^d^Kof 
fK, &c. For &itb StCkj^/kmy.^ they tHat build 
Hwies of Ob/y^fnofl: erei^i where plocQ ihids-and 
pieces of timber and tWood{*a:iQiM|lfeng(heiit<^^the'BuiI^ 
ding, S*m^^f'.fiHm^ii frgjj^tiSi'ifnmm^:^ KgAdiii^ }f«iif*' 

£> all our Canres c^ this Li&yt' whSeh jare.nd bettor- 
than BuilcBngsof dirt and Qiy^ we muQ: fti'engtheh and 
Compa^ together iwith frequent and ofienc Prayer^ as 
vith ixinds;^ of Tiinb^n. Let no Man thiere- 
fere diink it,\;a)^' }iwt ^^f that it is -too much 
no require atthej^dsof Mental one and the leif^ 
&me inftaiiit both to attend their vocation and their 
PrayeiC : Fdv the Mind of a Man is a very agile and 
niinblefiibftanoe) .add it is a wonderful thing to fee 
how many things it will at one moment ap^y it ielf 
unto without any Confufion or Lett. Look but upon 
the Mu£cian while he is in his Pra£Hfe, he tun^s hb 
yoice, fingers his inftrument^ reads his ditty, makes the^ 
note, oblerves/time, all thefe things fiimd fifimel^ at otie, 
and the &3ie jnflant,. without any diftra&ion or impe» 
diment : ^Thus Aibvdd men do in caie of Devotion, and 
in the common a£ls of ourVocadon, let Prayer beara 
part J for' Prayer, added unto diligent Laty)ur is like a 
iweet Voice .<» a well-tun'd Inftrument, and makes a 
pleafing Harmony in the E^rs of God, t^t^ }^ yaveSnf 

Tf AiufoU ^ iK§^%90A fbtji UfjdTnT®- ^ Mp' The good 
Houlie-wife, , iaith St. Chrjpficm^ as (he fits at her Di-p 
fiaff, and reaches out her Hand to the Fls^x, may eveli 
then lift up, if not her eyes, yet her Mind unto Hea- 
ven, and'cpnfecratc and ludlow her Work with eameft 
jprayer unto God* Aratar ftivatn tenens^ Huttclujal^ fc, 

N 3 cm^ 

imn (&kb St. Bierm) z% .the Ploii^-talioi^ ;fi|[)g act 
AUdi^ah, ; the : (w€at]ng;Uarv^-iaai^ ii^^r^H^l£ . 
vitb a Pfidmy th^r G^]&<eir «^i}ft fa^' jpnioes his'Yifiey 
1^ i^boiin^ m^y ^fecW ^me one or^tfttfASehoets^ 
Tii^ reat&fi idE {lu6 pliable iikdlre of Prayer i^ .becn^ 
It is i. t^ifl^i^sctiodierkoo^imi dwL^ 

outwsrd &flbion atidiinanpcr of ddng, but. is intemalt)|t 
^ed in;the SoiQitiei^ a()d]ea7otb«fiaKit:w]aidMeinl^ 
of opr Bodiesiree torperfonn thefe Offices 'Wfaick uxxmQ 
ihcir help. 'Our kjgal-^bafin^ in ^' World mult be , 
done in certain ioxvckoi^eves anfl. Writs ^ I kno^ 
not .what variety of dut^vard Ceremony, xk A(b tt is fioc 
warrantable ? ^ But Prayer^ Bdoved^ is fio^lik» mObii^ 
gation or Indenture, at requires no burixriird Soleominir 
of. Words -and' Cecemony. ' Quainc, r»itty, «id m 
Forms oif Prayer pnxeed i&any times &am OAentation 
more than Devdtioo:; .for any thing I l^narw^ it requires 
pot £> much as the ttoving of me Lips or Tongue s 
Nay, one ^hing I know: more, tlat the mpft fbrcabk 
Praycr^ tran^ds and &f exceeds all Po\rcr of Words. 
For St. Paul (peaking unto us concerning the jaofk ef- 
f&3:ual kind of Prayer, Polk it mti^futm ^hi^u^t^ 
fighs and Groans that cannot be expreifed. l^ocbing 
does dry fa i^ud in tb^ ^ of God, a|S the fi^g: of % 
contrite and eameft J^art. We read il «ne xiir. of 
" Uxodus^ that Gojd /peaks unto Mofis^ fffty ^efi tim wu4 ' 
ms ? command ihiCJMmtf. ifiael th» ^^ fmMrd ^ 
yet there appears not in the Text any pittyigr ijiatA^fe^ 
made, or ^svord that he ipake. It was the eameftnefi 6f ' 
Mf{e!% Heart that was lb ^ykh^^v®'^ that did (b found 
in the Ears of the Lord. Wherefore true Prayer hath 
no commerce with the outward Members of the Body, 

And he Jfoke a Taralle^ 8cc. 18^ 

•^ m/yytmtifi/if '^jfi' iJi ^i^rQ-j */Ai ff<tVitfun&' 
for it requires not the Voice," but the Mind, not tlie 
ftretching o^ the Hands, but the intention of the Soul j 
' not any outward Shape or Carriage of Body, but the 
inward Behuvioup. of the Underftanding. How then 
<;an it fhcken your Worldly Bufinefs and Occafions, to 
mbc with them Si^hs and Groans, which are the moft 
cffcdhial kinds of Prayer ? 

And lee this fiifEce concerning the firft meaning of th« 
words 'y I will briefly (peak concerning the (econd mean-- 
ing, which I told you was the ftnfe and intended by the 
Holy Ghoft, when lie wrote, and it is ^n Exhortatloa 
to a Religious Imfcrtunity in our Prayci's, not to let our 
Suits faD, becaufe they are not prefently granted, but 
never ta leave (blliciting till we have prevailed, and 
fo take the Blefling of God by violence: Gratijfima, zis^ 
this Force, this Violence is a thing moft welcome unto 
God J for if the importunity of EJaus falfe, feigned, 
and malicious Tears drew a BkiSng from his Pather 
Jffaacj who yet had no greater ftore of Bleffings, as it 
ieems ; how much more fhall tlie true Religious impor- 
tunity x£ zealous Prayer,. puU a Bleffing out of the 
hands of God, who is rich in Bleifings above the Sands 
of the Sea in multitude ? It is the Courtiers Rulo, 
That over mcdeft Suitors feldom /peed ; Beloved, we 
tnuft follow the fame Rule in the Court of Heaven ; 
intempeftive Bafhfidnefs gets nothing there, ^li ti* 
midi rmatj docet negate^ Faint asking does invite a De- 
nial : WiU you know the true Name of the Behaviour 
which prevails with God? ^uLuk$ in his xi. Chapter 
calls it hm^A^y and St. Chjfijiom (peaking of the Be-" 
haviQur oFthe Canaanin/h Womian in the xxv. of ScM^- 
thew^ Celk u% HgMp imvtue^V7%n lif i^tuy^vvcC ajvcu^a.^ 
ivti^rnAj Jn^obityj Imfcrtunity ^ hnpudencyy thefc be the 
Nam^es of that Peribn and Behaviour \yhich you muft 
put Qik if you mwi to prevail in your Suits with 'God. 
^ N 4 . . And 


'^i 84 ^ Seman ^ StLuke xySL x* 

And indeed, if we ^nCder that Habit and Manner thit 
God is wont to put on, when his Chfldren do btconi^ 
Suitors unto hiro, how he puts on a rigid, rough, and 
untra<?hible Carriage, even towards his deareft Children,- 
even then when he means them moft Good, we fliall 
plainly fee, we muft ufe iiich kind of Behavior, if we 
will prevail with him ; fbr the more effe£hially to ex- 
prefs this Demeanor of God towards his Children, and 
to afliire us it is fo, and to teach us Importunity, our 
Saviour Chrift, that great Matter of Rcqucfls, nwy 
leem to have done hirafelf fome Wrong- j. ft^, by 
drawing in a manner odious Companions, and likening 
the Behaviour of God in thefe cafes to a Jlofkft^ Friend^ 
that is loth to leave his marm Bed to do his Friend a plea* 
iiire ; and here in my Text to an unjtifi Judge^ that fears 
neither God nor Man : and i^condly, by his own Behar 
viour toward the Canmitijh Woman, It is ftrange to 
obferve, how, though he were the meckeft Pteiibn that 
ever ^as upon Earth, yet here he drives, as it were, 
to unnaturalize himfeliF, and lay by bis natural iweetoel? 
of Difpofition, almoft to forget commop Humanity, and 
puts on a kind of iuUen and furly Peribn of purpofc to 
deter her ; you fliall not find our Savk^ur in all the 
Ke^ Tcftament in fceh a Mood, fo bent to contenjn 
and vilifie a poqr Suitor. St. Auftin comparing together 
St. Matthw and St. Al?r^ who both of them record the 
^me Story, * and gathering together the Circumftances 
out of them both, tells us, that firft (he follows our 
Saviour in the Street, and that our Saviour takes Houfe, 
as it were, to (helter himfelf froip her j but flic qpmes 
after, and throws her ifelf at his Beet; and he, as of- 
fended with her Importunity, again quits the. Houfe to 
be rid of her, and all this ^yhile deigns her not a word. 
If any Behavior could have dafhy a Suit, and brokeii 
the Heart of a poor Suitor, this had been enough ; but 
here's not all , we have a civil Precept, that if we be not 

. dilpofed 

And be J^ s Pardk^Jk^^ 

idtipofid to plealure a Suitor, yet to ^>^yc him gpoi 
Words,. an4 fliape. hiin ^ gontle: Aoi^e^ h is hard if 
we cwo9t mord: a. Syicor. a gcntk Word i ,W^ rcsut qf 
Si^cr; the Emperor, (as I remembe^ ^^:^^ ^^uld p/c^ 
m i^fier wy man to gorfad aiid di^io^^fi;^ hiqi;; 
yet our Sai^ur ieema to have iForflo^ ,this ,pj^ o^ Ci^-f 
iy, being impornwiM toj anlwerbfr, .giv^,;t^^ 
Iwer worfe than Oence^ and 4)m W^prds like tl^ 
pietxwg of a Sword) as Solmm, ^i^ilk^j.pup mt t^ 
. ^£e ChiUkem Bread and, cafi it unfchfgs^ M^iyet a^ al^ 
thi? H^Wge Copy! ql^Qomeos^^^ jfel^ iubfcribcs^ 
her Requeft. - B^ved,^ Qod h^iii. . ^ prSv expid^ 
•thus much inPardkst.w^ pm<$l^4 !^^ ^^i^nge.1^ 
lays upon Cmia^iti/h Womea^ but.l^ iiaitx, j^ 
deed, and that upon his d€^cOt^i^a^'^}pf^ ^^^ 
the worthieft^of his SaJq^ yc?: Ho^.,:pafl^Wt^^ 
cry oiit, H60 h^ Lpri'mili jhj^ fi^et.mei Hm Uvg 
Jhatt fjepk, OnoiH in my ,S(ml^ and^l^J^„yexejim ngf heoff,^ 

Npt only tj^ &inj:s,qn ,E^, l?j»t ?ym):fiofe iq 1^^ 

do leem to paitake in this Demeanor or G&a : We r^d 
in the Book of the ^gveUuUm^ that when the Souls of 
the Martyrs under the Altar cryed out, Bm long^ Lerdy 
Juft Olid Hoij^ dtfi tbeu mt avsf^e our Blood from off the 
Earth ? they received this An(wer, Have fatience yet a 
little whik. It is ftoried of Diogenes^ that he was wont to 
-(iipplicate to the Statues^ and to hold out his Hands and 
b^ of thefB, that ^ he m!gbt kanrto brook and de* 
vour Denial, and tediouiheis of Suit. Beloved, let us 
but meditate upon theie Examples which I have related, 
and wefliall not need to pra£biie any of the CynklCs Art. 
For if the Saints and bleflled Martyrs have their Suits (6 
long depending in the Q)^rt$ of Heaven,th^ good rea(on 
di^t.we ihould learn to brook Delays, and arm our fclves 
with Patience and Expedatkm, whoi we find the ears 
of God not fo open to our Requcfts. When ?b/2/>A's 
brethren caioe down to buy Com, he gave them but a 

' ' c:ourfe 




fi&rof a Soft;; Adii^ hbthing ^Iftr yet Padence and 
Gdhtcntment* :wKch are the/gy^ upon 

Earth. • -^ ' ' ' ' ' » • 

</ > 

1 < 

• I 

.. : J U .' ;• - ' '• 


> . 

« < > > 

« «« 

./ V 


» » > - • 

courie Wddoime, he Ipake rbi^My umo them, hoj^d 
Aon id PrSon; yetthe Text tells us, thai his BbWels 
mehecl u{XHi tfaem, and at l^igdi' he opened himl^H^, j 

and gave them courteons '^tieitiinment. Beloved, ] 

when we come unto God, as ^t wiife to buy p>rti, to 
bqg at his Hands fiidi Bleffing^ i^yrt need, .diough hb 
ifieak rougUy, though he deal^ino^fe rougjjy vt^iA lis^ 
yet let us know he hath j^t';^W Bdwd% that hi^ 
Mean mdcs towards us, and at'lehgth be wiU opeii 
UniHf,' andenteitaja us lovmgiy; ahd bei it peradVen- 
#«-that we gaii nbti wbkt W0 l6ok for, yet our La- 
Boiit of Pwy^ Isixot loft. ' Thef bleffed Souls linddr the \ 

A|tar> of ^iph 1 fpate but nbw; though thdf PkMon ' . 

J^ not granted, yet had the/ Img white "Gdnnenis given 

thkm, Evcnfe^ Bfeldvfed, if the WHabin of God ' Ihdl 





' t U lliit, 


W' ' 

I »»,;,*/• . 


Jofm xvnf. ^. 

' ♦ t 

fVorta : if my KiHg4om tip^re &f ilhis wdfkL 
; tkan ppHM my $erv4nU fi$f)^ 

3 m.tJ^eKiiigdpmspf the Worlj) tbete is^^ 
.An pf Cm^b$j jft Skill and ^iVIyfteiy teadx* 
iag;tp;fliimf^e /tbe^«: ^ in the Spiritus| 
lUng^pm of ,Qo4 ^ ojf Chrift, there Is 
sui £^(71/ jroliq^9 tliudre is^an Art of ^{Mrknal Couit(]^P| 
^hich teachos every Sifbjet^ tber^,. how tp demean aiui 
bear himfelJF, But^ as botwtiit ^vc K.iagdom% lb be* 
t^fst tjjieif Arts aod Coiiil;fiiip!, 4>?t9^ixt.the Courtier o£ 
the pne, and tberCo^rtier pf th^. ^qther ^ there is, as jtf^ 
WMhfun telk the Ripji Map rip St^i^fy 6^>^ ;tf^/^ ^ 
gres^t diftapqe, a gr^ diff^rencdi fuad «ot only ooe^ 
bpt 0991^- S^M^Y of them I fi^, have ocpauon ta 
tcwh in the Propep pf ^xry Dljl^urie ; fnean while \ 
^iU Qng^ out poe, whidh I will uie;>^ a Prologue an4 
V>y iinto coy Text In ^e Kingdoro cf earthly Prinh 
(6«5| ev^ry Subjc^ is not fit to make a Courtier ^ ye^ 
yrere^all fit, this r)K^^iie :^ Honour to be commun]ca^eq[ 
(inly untp ,ipme •• ft'^ ^jp*^ ^ mun^. There Is a ne^ 
i^^iBty of pi^xpportiop and inequality between Mea 
aod JVIen r ^d^i^^ere all Pqrloqs equal tt^e World couki 
not (^QftQft : Of <nep of ordinary FaQ^ipn and Part%> 
j(9Q)e omft to th|e Plougl^, fome to tJiek Merchandize^ 
^ome to th(Bir Bopbi fome to one Trade, Ibme to ano* 
tther .: only h ^gi^uff^ t^ ^jitSfiKlmi, ag Ar^ntk calls them^ 
wen of toor^ ' ihw ^^onai^jji Wit ^nd Ability, aiftivc 


• •V 

Cbsiec^ pkk'd out of a tboufind^ iucfa unifl they be 
that bear Honours, attend op J^iocea. Fedcm% and 
terve in their G>urt& The Scnpcure telk us, diat 
when KmgSolmm&wiiiSLt3fereto^^iir2s ana&iveysJUe 
and induftnous young man, he took him and made 
]^ Rule» over all the Charge of dieHouleof J^k 
Again, when I>4vi4/ invited M Barxillsi tp die Gomrt^ 
&e good old man excufeshimlHf : t am^ fiith he, fiur^ 
j^(m yt»i if ^9 and'cm thy Servant tafl mbat J eatf §r 
itbat I drml(} Can! ^dr mf mart the Voice ef Sn^thg'* 
men and Sinpng-awnen ? Lo here my Sen Qitraham, he 
fhall go with my Lard the Kjr^y and do wiA him or Jfhalt 
fiem good in thine Eyes. Jerikofn and CbimbJli^ ftrong^ 
and able, and a6Uve )?erlons, fiA are they that dwell 
Sn KingsiHou&: of the reft, feme are too old, ibme 
too youitg, feme too dull, and fem^ t(xn*ude, oc by 
feme means or other, unfit for liich an end. Thus 
lares it with the Honours of the World, they feem to 
participate of Envy or Melandioly, and are of a foliGa- 
ty Diipofition ; they are hrighteft when they are alone^ 
^ but in few; make them common, and they lofe their 
Grace, like Lamps they may give light unto few, or 
to feme one room, but no farther. Kit the Honours 
in the Court of the ^eat Kiqg of {^ven^i are of ano* 
dier nature, th^ n^oyice in being communicated^ and 
their Glory is in the Multitude of thole diat do partake 
in theok They are like unto the Sun that r^ mm 
hommi^ fed bumano generi : not to this or that man, but 
to all the World: In the Court ot God, no difierence 
(etween Jeroboam and Ban^tilai^ none too old, none too 
young, no Indilpoikion, no Imperfe6)ion makes yob un- 
capable of Honours there ; be but of his Kingdom, and 
you are necelEirily of his Court: Every man whp is a 
Subje£l there, is a Courtier, yea, more than a Courti*- 
er, he is a Peer, he is a King, and hadi an Army of 
Angels at hb Service to pitq^ their Tents about him, t& 


M^ Kif^im is fwi of tbisffirU^ icf 1^9 

deliver faun : a Guard of miniftring Spirits iept outta 
attend him for bs Safety. It (hall not therefore be 
unieaioaable for the meaiieft Perion that hears me this 
day^ to hear as it were a Le6hire of ff»ritual Policy 
and Courtfliip: for no Auditory can be, unfit for fudb t 
JjcSotu Ariftotk was wont to divide his Lefhires and 
Readings into Acroamatical, and Exotericai: lome of 
them oontsuned only q^ice Matter, and they were re^d 
privately to a SekS AuJitory ; others contain'd but ordi* 
nary Stuff, and were promiicuoufly and in publick ex* * 
pofid to the hearing of all diat would: bdoved, we 
read no Acipamatick Ledures, the Secrets of the Court 
of HeaveiM^^ far as it ]}iith pleafed the King of Hea- 
ven to neveal theift\^ open alike, to all. Every man 
is alike of Uls '^Codh, alike of his Councel^/and the 
meaineft among Chriftians muft not take it "to be a 
thing without hisvi'Spbere, above his reach, but muft 
make account of himieif as a fit Hearer of a Leflbn in 
fpiricual and laving Policy ; fince if he be a Subge£b in 
the Kingdom of Chrift^ he can be no leis than a Cour- ' 
tier. ♦ 

Kow the firft and main Leflbn to be learned by a 
Courtier, is, how to discover and know the Diipofition 
and Nature of the Lord, whom he is to ferve, and the 
CLuallty of that Common-Health in which he bear^ a ' 
Place, ai confiUtan de rtfublica dandum capa eft. That 
therefore bur Heavenly Courtier may not miftake him- 
ieif, but be able to fit himfelf to the Place he bears, I have 
made choke of thele few words, which but now I read ; 
words (poken by the Kbg of that Common-wealth, of 
which I am to treat. Unto luch as mean to be his Liege- 
men there : woi^s which ftfliciently open unto die Chri- 
ftian Polititian Ae State and Quality of that Court in - 
which he is to lerve : hfy Kingimn is not of this JVorld^ 
fmrif it wm^ then ttodd iw> Servants fight ; which words 

ficm like the Parthian Hodmen, whofe xnanner was to * 


1 90 A Sfi^tfM m JA JqBd X7ii]. 3 (^; 

ncjepne w^, bc^ tx> fhooc^wother vray, the; ieemtci 
gQ ;ipace towards P/Zi/r, but they sum andihoot^t ano* 
tl^r Mark j or rathfx \% qoto t^e Spealper of tbettji,. 
untof^fiur S;)>yipiir livmfelfy wh|^ b^^^ one of t^ier 

Village of Samariu^ St.L«i^the ix. Wieipe the T*dfi 
nffccs, that though he were in S^m^ria^.ye^ b^s Fact»4s; 
fa tmarit Him^m*: ^ Beloved^. ^^1^)9%^ ^^^ words 
be fpoken to a Samaritan^ tor oax Icmdcl^ to Fsla^if yec 
their Face is toward HiMfaiem >;t^ey are a I^ffiia dU 
re<^ed: tn the SulgeiiSs of hi? Spiritual Kingdom,; (^ that 
Hiirufakm wl^icb is^ from above, and is the Mother q£ 
us alii 

la them wemay confider two general partSL Firft^ a 
Denimtiatim and ^ Mefl^ unto us j apd lecqndly^ a <S'/gii 
to confirm the Truth t£ it.. For it Is ^e* manner and; 
ipethpd| as it were, which God doth uie, when he dif- ■ 
patches a Me£&g/s, to annex a Sifft Uf^to it, by which it" ; 
npy be known : When he tbntMifis to the Jfi^eluas in 
Enff9 and Ai^/.requiredaSiViiy ht g^vie Imn a 5^ in 
his Hand, in hb ^d j when be (ent Grr^m ag^inff* Mt- 
<i*4», he gave him a 5i^ in the Fleece of ^^// which 
was, uppri the f&pr j« when he fenttke Prpj^et to Hierjh 
hani to prophefie againil the Altar in Bethel^ he' gave 
hun a Sign^ that the ^/r4r (hould rend, , and the Aifaea 
fall out J when he fent Efy with a Meflage to King 
Aha:(^,he gave him a 5;^ Behold^ a Virgin fhdlcaneeivc. 
So, Beloved, in' thele words, There is aMtjfage^ there i$ 
a Sign : The £rft words are the Meflage, M) I^mgdm is 
nop of this IVorldi &c. The next words, For ifitwere^ 
then mould mjt Servant! figbe^ Sec Ih^e are Mo&is ^^4^ 
and Gideons Fleece'^ they, are the Sigam^k confihn'tbt 

. The firft part is a general Propofition <x Maxim : 
the &cond is an Example^ and particular Inflance of it ; 
Fgr ia^e fir(t,. Qur Saviour diftinguifhes his Kti^dom 
irpm the Kingdoms of the Worlds and irppvaU tbeFa<* . 


ji^ IQngAm i no^ of flu fVwli^ &c. 19 Jt , 

{luons of thesi; In die feQon4 amoogft txuny other, 
he chufisone Inftance^ wherem particukrly he notev 
that his Kingdcun i& inillke to tsoAiy Kingdoms j for 

^ the Kingdonis of the World are piuxfaaled and main* 
tain'd by Violence and Blopd, but £> is not his^ The 
realon why our Saviour faft«is upon this realosK^ dU^ 
fimilitudc and unlikelindS| i^ becaule in gabbing and up«* 
holding temporal Kingdomsi^ nohbg fi> iifim as the 
Sword and War : x^ Kingdom in the World, but by 
the Sword is either gotten^ or held, or bod^ Thc^ 
Sword in a fecular Common-wealth is like the Rod ia 
a Sdiool \ remove that away, and men will take their 
I^rty. It is the Plea which the Tat^ns'V&A. to King. 
PorfitmOy in Lm>9 Sa^is liber mem ijfam habere dukedini^ 
tdfi quanta vi civitates earn expetaat tanua I(sgM t(gges de* 
fendanty afuore fumma ipfimi adejfe Jmem regnis res inter 
Decs homk^que fukhemnue. The Tafte of liberty is. 
£} fweet^ that except King^ maintain their Authority 
with as great Violence* as the People aflFeA their JUber* 
ty, all things will run to.oonfu/ion j and Kingdoms, 
which are the goodfieft things . in the World, will 
quickly go to wrack ; when God gave a Ten^nd 
Kingdom unto his own People, he ient Mqfes and Jo^ 
fhua before them to purchafe it with their Sword , whea 
they were pofle^'d of this Kingdom, he (ends then 
Gideen^ an4 SiOfnjfon^ and Da^id^ and many iVmhies 

' more to maintain it by the Sword : But now being to 
open unto the World another kind of Kingdom, of . 
Rule and Government, than hitherto it had oeen ac- 

3uainted with : be tells us^ that he is a King of a King* 
om, which is ere£)rcd and maintained, not by Jefhu^ 
and ZXfv/V, but by St« Peter and St.?4i//.; not by the 
Sword, but; by the Spirit ; not by Violence, but by 
Love y not: by ftriving, but by yiekiios i not by figh^ 
ing, hux, by dying. Pilate had heard that bQ was a 
King; it was the Accu&tioii which was framed agabft 

him, . 

I^t 'A Sermcn m St.]ohn xirjij. ^6. 

b}m, that he bare himfcdf as King of the Jews ; but he^ 
caufe he fiiW no Pomp, no Tr^j no Guard about him, 
he took it but as an Kile Report ; to put him there^ortf 
out of doubt, our Savbur afiures him, that he is a 
i^f^^ but of fuch a Kihgdom as he cx)dd not skill of : 
Mf Kingdom is mi \f this Wkdj &C. for the better un- 
folding of ^ich words \ firit, we will oonfider ^hac 
the meaning of this word Kingdom is, for there lies an 
Amfciiguity m it. .Secondly, we will coofider whatLef- 
fens for our ' Inftruftion the next Words will yield. Not 
rf $his mrld. Firft, of this Word Kingdm. 

Our Saviour is a JQ»^ three manner of ways, and C^ 
correlatiyely hath tht-ee d3lin£l: federal Kif^dmts. He 
firft King in the targeft extent and meaning which can 
pofiibly be imagined, and that is, as he is Creator and 
abfbhite Lord of all Creatures. Of this Kingdom, Hear 
fcn. Earthy and Hfellare three large Provinces: An- 
gel^ Men, and Devils, 'hjs very Enemies, every Crea- 
ture, vifible and invifible, are Subje6bof this Kingdom. 
The Glory and Strength of this Kingdom ooiififts leaft 
of all in Men, and Man is the weakeft Part of it : for 
there is icarcely a Creature in the World^ by whom he 
hath not been conquer'd. When Alexander the Great 
had travelled through W/4, and over-ran many large 
Provinces, and conquered many popular Cities ; when 
Tidings ^ came, that his Souldiers in Greece had taken 
feme Cnall Towns there, he fcorrfd the News, and in 
contempt, Me-thiiiks, (feid he^ I heir of the Battel of 
t'rogs and Mice. Beloved, if we look upon thefe huge 
Annies of Creatures, and confider of what wonderrul 
ftrength they are, when the Lord (ununons them to 
Battel: all the Armies of Men, an^ &mous Battels, 
of which we have fb large Hiftories^ in the compari£»n 
of theie, what are they^ but a ^re^^f^^vo f^j^^ but 
Homers Tale, a Battel of Frogs and Mice f infinite Le- 
gions of Angels attend him in Heaven, and eyery Angel 


'Kfyl^gdm is mt of Ms Wnld^ See i^^\ 

li an Am^ : One ' Angrl in the Book of I{if^s is fine 
but againft the Army of the AJJSiriam^ and in one night 
fhmfcare shwfand perlbns die for ir: . Ba(e and contanf>- 
tible^creatures, when God calls fot them, are of ftrength 
t6 doitquer whole Coufatrys : He ^er-run3 JE^ft with 
his Armies of JFV^/, and F/i^/, and Lice y and before his 
own People with an Army, of Hmiets chafes the Canaa-' 
nkes out of the L.and. Nay^ the dull and ienielejg E- 
lements are up in Arms when God iummons them s 
He Ihoots his- H4il^ot ^ with his Hail-fimes from Hea- 
^^ he deftroy^ 4nore of the Canaamtesj then the Jjrae* 
iites can With their Smords, As for his Armies of Fire 
and iVaser^ what power is able to withftand diem ? E- 
vtry Creature^ when God calls, is . a Souldier. How 
great then b the G16ry of this Kingdom, of which the 
JBeaneft ^arts are invincible. . 

Secondly,again our Saviour is a^rn^ in a more rejhain" 
e'd zt^coftjmdStnfe^zs he is iii Heaven attended on by An- 
gels', and Arch-Angels, Powers,. Principalities, and all 
the Hea\«nly JHidft. For though :he he Omni-prdenr, 
and fills every place both in Heaven and Earth ; yec 
Heaven is the Palace and Tbrone of this I^ngihmy there 
is he better (leen and known, there witb more State and 
Honour ferved,>nd therefore more propo-ly is his King- 
dom fild to be there : Andxhis is called his Kitigdcm cf 
dioTjt : The Rules, and Laws,' and admiraUe Or- 
dfers of -whieh Kingdom , could we com6 to fee- 
atid' difcbv^, it would be with us as it was with tho 
^t^ of Sutdy^ when ihe came to vifit Solomon^ of whom 
the Scri^^re noti?s, that when Ihe heard his Wiidom, 
and had feen^tHe Order of Ws^Servants, the Attendance 
that was given him, and the manner of his Table, Tkere 
SPas no note Jfirif left in her. Bebved, Dum Sfiritus bos 
regis 4&susj whilft this Spirit is in us, we cannot poflibly 
come to lUfcem the I^Ws and Orders of this Kingdom9 
and therefore h am conftrained to be fUent 

O Thirdly, 


1^4* ^ Sefnm in i^^.Jobn xviiL \6* . \ 

Th^dly, our Savibur is a. King in a ionfe yet mors 
ii^tftoffiarei. For as he cock au^ nature upon bim, as^ 
he catne iitto the Work! to redeem m^iAki^. and to 
cohquerHell and Death, io k there a K}r^4om annexe ; 
unto him j A Ki^dtmty the purdmfe wbier^ coft him ; 
niuch fifcdt and fi/00^ of which neither .An^ls nor ai^ 
other creature are a part^ otdy that mfit^t e£ Mai»?> 
kihd,that Ereftus titio^ thit number of blt0ed Sqiy/xiWhkjh 
likea brand out of the fire, by his death and pailion be 
hdth recovered but of thie power of fin ^ atid all the& 
abne arc the Subje£ls of }i^t JUit^dom., . And this is that 
which Is called his Kingdom, oi Gk^cc, anji Vhkh him- 
(etf in Scripture eveiy where calls his Churck^ his Sfot^ 
his Body^ his ^iock,: arid this is that Kif^dmt^ which iH. 
this place is ^ken of,. and of which our Saviour tells 
Pilate^ That if is not of this amldj ■ - v Afy Kjfigdom 
is not df this world. 

Which words at the firft reading, may : feei^ .^o &yoiir . 
of a little fmperfe£lioti ^ -for they are ncij^i^ fslfe but 
a l^dtiM or denidi. Now our Books teach i)%.. that a 
N^iin^ makes nothing koowd ; for we kpo^: things 
ty discovering, not wkat they itr^^ not, . but; yi^ they 
af e ; vet when we have wdl examined tlpeiil, .we fhaU 
find tnat \here copld not have been a S{)e,dcK ^eltveted : 
more efife^al for the openiqgihe nature of fh^Qteir^ht 
and' the dilcovery of mens errorsin that rt^po£l.: For I ; 
know no eirour fo common, io frequent, fi> hai^v . to 
be rooted out) lb much hindring the knowledge or the . 
tru6 njitture of thic Giurcb,. as this, that olfxi do take 
th6 Church to be like unto the World. Hufy teUsi^is of a ; 
MuficUn^ that being asked wihit the Soul ;Wg^ ^ifwer-^^ 
ed, that it was Uttrmon^^imd is (iaith be j k pimifiu 
Aftis Ju^ non retefiit u He knew not how tQ.l^ve xht prin* 
copies of his own Arts. Agaun, Pistol Scholars had 
been altogether bred up in Arithmetick,^ and the know* 
kdge of JSwnbe^sy a»incDce it cam<^ dsat: when after- 
.• -^ ^ waKi 

s - 

^y-iifigJim is mt if tUs Wcirld^ icc. t <) f 

t^ard they diverted their Studies to the kaowledgof }^fL* 
tiife, or Morat Philoiopby j wherefoever they walke^J^ 
ihey ftill JE^med to themfelves fcHnewhat like ux^p is^unt^ 
iersi the ^^W they iuppofed was framed out pf Nunt" 
tersy Cities , and H^ngdoms , and Conmovhwe^hs jthe^y 
thougtit ftood by NunJ^ers j Nuniter wkh th^ni , was file 
Prineifle apd . Cro^tgr of every thing. Beloved^ when 
We come tolearij the quality and ftate of Cbrifi's . i^ing^ 
dem^ it lare^ mwlh Wim ufi as it does with TuH/s 2^4^ 
ciahj or ^lat^s 6cholars^ ^^S^^^-^ frincifiis arm nofim 
receJimmi hardly tan we fodake tBoie Principk^, in 
Xvhidi we have been brought up. ^ trthe world we sitise 
lyoTDy ink we are bred, the World is the ^-eateft part 
of our Study, to the true knowledg of God aad oi 
Chrift ftillVe fancy unto us (bmething of the WofW* 
tt in^ Teem "But a light thing that I mall fiy, yet be^ 
taule it fe^s' fitly tso open my meaning, I will not re* 
irain toipealc^tr'L^^ when Priam s j^ung Sm,W^ 
takeii up'mtb Hcgyen, briqgs.Mm in csdlih^ hi ^^ ' 
and jCheele^ -apd lych Country meats as he .was wont 
to cat on EartU ' .Beloved, when /we 'firft qpnie to 
jlie Table ^ ^o&i to Hcavehljl "Siamd and Amjsls food* 
It IS mudi ,Wf|h us as it was with ^jfw s young Sm, whca 
heeto6 firl^lnfbijieaiyen^wi^^ the Milk ap4 

iChede, and J tlie grofi *^diet of thp Worid.'Our Saviour 
tod his ble^d • Af)oiUes had great and ofteQ experience 
of this efrocft" m nien: Whe^i piir Smour Preached .<0 
J^cainmis tB^ t)o(£^rinc of tf^enerasiom, and n!?y-Wth, 
hbw dbth he ftiflharp upon a sro(s conceit of a re-entry ' 
to he ifiid^^mtoliis Mothers Womb ? WhenhePreaph- 
led juiito the i^w^/fiwt PVoman concerning the water of 
Life, how harHly: js (he driven fronl thinking pf a ma- 
ttrm EemcptaLry Water, iuch as was in J^cot's well? 
When Simm Magus ivthe^Sz-iaW^ that hy kying ori 
jfbJmJs tit Apomes gave th^ Wj Ghoft^ h^ offer? theirt 
Moliey t<i jpuircihace timfelf tfa^ like power; He haj 

■ * O i hztk 

I ^ 'a Sermon en St. John xvi3. ^6. 

ixen Trafiicking and Merchandizing m thi, WorliJ,ana 
f aw what Authority, what a Kingctom Money had 
amongftMenj he therefi^rc prefently cfoncelted, cvlum 
venule Detmqw ; that jGcKf, and Heaven, arid All would 
be had for Money. To teidi therefore fhe ^oung Coiir- 
ticr in the Court of " Heaveri, that he commit "no fiich 
Solecifins, that hereafter he; fpeak the tnie Language 
and Diale£l of Goidi duf iSaviour lets down this' as a 
principal Rule in oOf/Spiriiaal Grammar. -Thjit £« Court 
Knot thiiWortd. Ndy, B^oved^^ not "only the ypung 
Courtier, but m^ny of the old S^rvartts in the Qymf of 
^Chrift are ftain'd with' this errou'r- It is ftoried of Xeo- 
ni^Sy whicti was Scfaoolituifter to Alexander tbe.Great^ 
'thach^ infecled his non-age with feme -yices, fu'tero^u^ 
'^um qudque & jJtfn 'Maximum I^gem ab Ula infiitutione 
fuoriti Jiini ;roy?ctt/4,^Whfch followed '.him the when he 
was at Mans Eftatc : Bclpved, ihe World hath bJeena 
lonsr tihie aSdiool-maiter unto us, and.hath ftain'd our 
nOn-age with feme bf thefe (pdts ^hich appear In u% 
^Wen then when we are'-ftrone men in Cbi*ift. When 
dur 'Saviour, in the A^i rfter his Reftmeftion was diC 
courfing to his Difcipleji concerning the Kii^dom or 
God,, th^y presently brake forth into this queftion, 
► If^Jt' tliou vfip/efiorc ihe,Kjr%Smn mtoJ^ael? Cerbunly th^ 
queftiori 'ferays theif IgKorance, thei^ , thoughts ftifl 
ran upon, a Kingdqni'^ like unto the Kinjgdoms of the 
World, notwithftandirig 'they had <o Ipng,, and io ot 
t;en heard our Saviour to 'the contrary; Our Saviouf 
therefore ihortly tak^s them up j Non ^Jf vefixim^ ,your 

?lieftion is nothing tO" the piirpofe J the Kingdom that 
have (pokenof i^ another manner, of Kingdom then 
you conceive.. Si^ftei^n hui?dred year^, j^^ . ^a</ ^xm-r 
n>, hath the Goi^erl:beenPtoched uptb'^c WorlBj- 
and is this ftain Iponged but\yet ? I dbubt It : Whence 
ftrifethofe novel and fate, difpiites,. <fe notts Ecclejiaj of 
the notes and vifibility of the Church. Is it not from 


hence they of i(«fw takethe World and the Quirch to 
be VktMncwy and Saji^ m BUmm his .G>medies, |o 
like one anodier, tliat one of them roufi: wear a toy in 
his "Cap, that <o the Spe<2«:6rs nuy diftinguifli them j: 
whence ccAQes it that they ftanid ^.much upon State. 
and Ceremot^ in the Church B Is k not from hence, th^it 
they ; think die Church ' muft come in like Agrifpa and: 
JBemice in the A8s, (J'm my^nt ^ajMuma^^ as &. Liii!;.^ 
Ipeaks, with a ^r^/^ ie^/ ^ -P<?»yj and Train and Shew^ 
and Vaiiity ; and that the (^rrice of God ^th necetr 
fiirily Require this noife and tuittufc of outward State 
and Ceremony? Whence comes it, that we are at our; 
wits encfe, when we fie Periecution, and Sword, and 
Fire to rage again ft the truie Profeflbrs of the Golpel ? 
h it not became, as thefi bring . Ruih and I>e(blation 
upoh^tbe Kingdoms of the World; lb we fiippofe they 
work no other efFeft in the Kingdom of Chnft ? All . 
thefe conceits, and many more of the like nature, ^ring 
out of no other Fountain, then that old inveterate Er- 
rour, Which is fb hardly wiped out of our hearts ; 
That the State of the Churchy and Kingdom of Chrfft 
doth hold forae froporiim^ Ibme lik^fs with the ^ate . 
and managing of tempord Kjngd^ms : Wherefore, to pluck 
out of our hearts, Opinionem: tarn infaam^ tam vetufiam^ 
a i^onceit fo ancient, fe deeply rooted in us, pur Sav- 
our fpake moft excellently, moft peniaently, and molt 
fuUy, when he tells us, that . his Churchy that his Eiing- 
dom is not of this PVorid. i 

In which words of his, tWe is contained the true 
an of difcovering and knowmg. the true nature and ef 
fence of the Church. For as they which make S^tatucs^ 
cut and pare away all iuperfluitics of the matter upoi> 
which they work j (b our Saviour, to (hew us the true 
Proportion and Feature of the Churcbj prunep away 
t\it World arid all fuperfluous cxcrefcencies, and fends 
herto jbe fieri as he did our firft Parents i« Payadif^ 
, 03^ ftark 



79^ ^fmuM fris^dm John xviii; ^6. 

fiark naked : As thole Bldfrs in the j^ecopbal Story of 
Supoma, when they woold ^ her Beauty, oommanded 
to take off her Mask : & he that longs to iiee the Beau- 
ty of the Clwrchy natift pull off that Mask of the ffM4 
flnd Outward (hew. For as JmU in the Book of Gene^ 
fisj when Iharmr &te Veiledby the way fide^ knew not 
his Dai^hter from a Whore: - £> whiU): the Chtrcbj the 
Daughter and Spoufe oft Chri^, fits VeilM with the 
Wridj and Pomf^ and Shemj k Will be an hard matter 
to difiern her from a Harlot ^ But yet further^ to make 
the di&renoe betwixt tbde Kingdoms time more plainly 
ID appear, and the better to fix it' in your me^Kvies^ { 
will brie&7 touch (bme of rhe& Heads in which they are 
flaoft notorioufly difiertnced. 

> Tlie firft Hoid wherein the difierence is fien, are the 
Ferlons ^xASubjeHs of this Kingdom \ For as. the Ki^^ 
im of Ckrift is m$tf this Pf^ld; lb th^ SsA/eBs of ti^ 
JQngJom are Men of modoer kf^crldy and not, of ikh: IS^fti^, 
ry one of us hears adouUe perfi)o^andaGcar^i$[%Vtih»; 
Sfik/e& of a double Kingdcra : The Holy-OHpft" by ^ 
F&lnuft divides Heaven and Eardi betwixt Qod^^*^ 
Man, and tdU^ us, as for God, tk »t^pi Bfku^ buft^ . 
^tb bath he given to the Children tf^kn: ^So ^h ji^[ 

finpie %irit by, the i^x)ftle St.iW, <fc^i^ /?very oae^^ 
of oiir Perfons into Heaven and £arth,. ^o ^ oudi^<t 
and Earthfy Man, ^and into aninwardatifl ii€4ivenljM^^: 
This Barthf that is, this Boify of Chty '^th he given to 
the Sons of Adbi, to the Princes under^ whofe Govern-- . 
ment we live ; but Heaven^ rSasiZ is, the.^W^rdf and^'- . 
ritual Manj hath he referved wito bin(e^. Theyn&tar ~ 
reftrain the out0ard Man^ and mo<^rate our mtmard 
4Sms, by BdiSs and Lattfs they can fik our hanis and 
our tongues ; — — IS^ y& jr^Sc* to aul4 iEoks: Thus far 
they can go, and wh^n they are gone dins laf» they can, 
go nofart^r: But to rule th/e iswfard KLm in our keArti 

^p4 ^»'<3i to £i i^ m Impwkl Thtpnc i^ our undcr- 



.;«» — 

,Mj Ki^^if^ 9' ^^ ^/ f^" Worlds ire. J 9 9, 

Endings and wills, diis part of our Governiti^t ber 
Img? toGod^mAxQChrtfi: Thele are theSubjo^s, thif 
die Government of bis Ktngd<W ; Men may be Kjnp 
«f £artb and Bodies^ but Chrift alone is the Kingof Spi- 
rits and Souk. Yet this mma^i Qyvemmeru hath inflnencc 
V^n om ^ifHtford aEtiam '^ for the Authority of KiDg^ 
over our outward Man. is not (b abfelute, txit that it 
{ufiers a great reftraint ; it muft ftr^ch no farther then 
the Prii>ce of. our inward M^ pkafes .- for if Secular 
Evinces ftret^h out the skirts of their Authority to com- 
^oand ought by which our Souls are pr/^diced^ the Kii^ 
of JSquIs hath io this .ca& giv^en us a greater command^ 
TMmer4$k^obey^Qi>dthnI4m/ . , ' . 

The fecond Head wherein the difference betwixt thei/^ 
Kingdoms is i6@a, is in their Lams ^ for as the Kingdon)s 
aad^the Law-givers, fc^are theii' Lams very difterent: 
E^rft, jjn -their Authors. The Laws by which tlie Conj- 
•inon-^w^Jalth of B^ne was anciently Governed, were the 
.•worJb.dl t&t^f hands, lome of them were Plcbifcita^ the 
ii^x o/fhTpfie'y cftjkers were Spnatus cmfiilta^ the. D^- 

^^-J^^^^ the ientOt^ ^ers fuUila Prat(nrim<y the Verdtfl 

ii?7«^^jy. others ^sfpctifa Pmdemum^ the Opinions of 

}, iitpi in :l^afe, df doubt ; others I(e/criftum ImperaUh' 

rwn*^ the J^Jqr^ts and Answers of their Emperoui's, 

vlugn tfiej^ w59^T:onfiiltei^ with ; But in the Kingdom 

of Cbrift t^er^ are no PUbifcita, or Senatus-con/ulia^ no 

People, up*. &?pate, nor' Wife men, nor Judges, had 

•any hand iii the- Laws by which it is Governed ; Ouly 

i^g^fta Imfetatorit^ the ^crifn and TVrifs of our King 

"'''lito here, thefe alone are the Laws to wliich the Sv|b- 
jeds of this. Kingdom pw^ Obedience. Again, the 
Lamsoi both tbeie Kingdoms differ in regard of thfir 
^ualitp and nature^ For the l^ms of die I^'ngjom^f 
Clbrift are^^aW, Subftantial> In^i^peniible ; but Las's 
made by hunumt j^ttborit^ ^e but Jight, fiiperfid^I, 

and /«^/r^r^; for fill the human Authwtyii:itbeWcrid 

O 4 Car*' 

too A Sennm Preached on Sf.Joh xviti. ^6. 

can never Enaft one Eternal and Fundamental Law* 
Let all the Laws which Men have made be laid toge- 
ther, and you (hall fee that they were made but upon 
bccaJGon, and circumftance either of time, or place, 6t 
peribns in matters of themfelves indiffcrent , and 
therefore either by difcontinuance they either fell of 
ceafed of Ihemfdvcs, or by reafon of alteration of oc^* 
cafion and circumftance' were' necefl&rily ' revoked? 
Thofe main fundamental Laws upon which all thfe 
Kingdoms of the World do ftand, agiSrift Theft,againft 
Murther, againft* Adillteryy DiQionouring of Pareiits, oir 
the like ; they were taever brought forth by Man, nei- 
ther were they the effeib of any Parliamehcary SefllohU; 
they were written in biir Souls from the beginning, long 
before there ^as any Authority !^egal extant among 
Men : The intent of him Who firft I&a<Sted them was 

Sot to found a temporal, but to bring men td an eternal 
kingdom ; and (b far forth as they are ufedfor tbfe 
maintaining of outward State they 'are Ufiirped, or it 
the beft but borrowed: So that in this work of (etiiag 
feven the Kingdoms of this World, if we compare the 
Laws of God ^ith the Laws of Men, we fliall fini; thac 
God hath, as it were, Fouilded the Palaces and Calltes,' 
and ftrength of them ; but Men have,like little Children 

' built Houfes of Clay and Dirt, which every blaft fef 
wind overturns; *•• — 

The third Head by which they may be feeri, is in the 
notes and marks by whfch thejniaaj' "be know« : Fbr 
the Kingdoms of the World are confined, their place is 
)cnown, their Subje<9s aire difcemable,' they have badges 
and tokens, and Arms by wUch they are' difeovered : 

• But the Churth hath no fcci notes and marks,- nd He- 
rald hath' as yet been found that could blazon the Arftis 
of thiat Kingdom. JEfasfus the Pdet in his U'^i vm Ufiakf^ 
defcribirig the Captains thit eame either for the Siege 
or iMeiice of the City of Tbetes in Seotia^ brings ditoi 


M^'Kjpgdam is m of this HirlJ, He. adf^ 

fft^n thdr oxA&i^vtTf one with ^h^ir ShieU^dl upon his 
Shield fi:mt Device, att4 QVer that Devici a Alb/A> ofI 
Word, according to the u(ual fancies of M^ m that' 
kind ; but when b^ comes to Am^arui^ he notes of .him, 
that he bad nq device in his Shield, no impress' or word ;* 
ind he gives the reaibn of it, Becauie he a(Fe<^ not 
Shew, but CO be that which osiers profc& But to amy 
marlcs and notes,aud devices,may well be(eem the WorkI 
which is led by Fancy and Shew; but the Gfaordi is 
Kke Ampbiarus^ (he . hadi no device, no word in her 
Shield,, m4r/c and effence with her are all' one, ^ixd&fkm 
hath no other nape but fo Be : And, but that learned mm 
puft have fomething to bufie their wits withail, thefe 
krge diicouHes ik twtis Ecclejia^ of the naes and ttm^f 
by which we may know the Churchy might very wdt lie 
by, as containing nothing eUe but dt^s imfpias^ hbo- 
nous Vaniti^ and learned Impertinencies* For the 
Church is not a thing that can be pointed out : The 
IJevil could Poem our Saviour Chrifi all the J^f^Jems tf 0^ 
Earth J and the Glory oftfjemj I hope the Church Vfas nqfie 
of thefe J It is the Glory of it not to be feen, and 4e 
note of it to be invifihle ; when we call any vtJU?le ctmn 
pdnyof Frpfejfors a Churchy it is but a word of qourtefie : 
out of Qiarity we hope Men to be that which they do 
profeis, and therefore we 1q Ipeak as if they were in* 
deed that whofe fiaxhe they bear ; where, and who they 
are that make up thidCihgdom,is a queftion unfit for any 
man to move : for the Lord only knoweth who are his. 
It is but Popijh tnadnefs to fend men up and down the 
World to fiddthe Church ; it is like unto the ChUdreh of 
the Prophets^ in the fecond of the JQi^/, that would needs 
feek Eliasj or like the loobies in Hient/ilem^ ^t would 
needs go fctk Jerefn)f the Pix>phet, but could not find 
him, becauie the Lord had hid him. For in regard of 
the Prcfefjm^ die Church fas our Saviour (peaks) is likd 
k City ^ upon an Hill^ you may quickly fee, and know; 
'•• - • ' : ' '.»•'. < . ■■ what 

'ifii A Sprtnm §» Sk Jobn xviii. ^61 

Vhat true Chf^imityi is; but in legaid of the fe^mm 
1^ Kingdom of Heaven i% $s oi^ur Sftriour agiia tcllt 
i|s» like a TLte^mt hiUm in a Field: except the plittae of 
Hjfipk abode and their perlbns were d](oera«M^ who can 
tf U when we go thus to ieek the^ whether we. do nor 
like faUe hounds /Fiffitf CMfK^er ( a$ the Hunten {riirafi is > 
afid lb go from the Gaoie? When S4»/ went to feek hit 
Fatbeis A0et, he found a Kingdom ; let us talae heed 
kA the contrary beEdl us, kft while we fiek our Fathers 
Kingdom thus^ we find, but Ailes. Will you know 
wheie to find the Kingdomof Chrift ? Our Saviour di- 
r<edsyou in the Go^, Tbe J^ngdm tf Hf^mn^ (faith 

he ) cifmeth mt bjf Obfhvk^imy neither fhail ye Jajj La berei 
1^9 Lothere'y bia the K^giomefHfooen is within ymi Let 
^yery Man therefbne retire itiho himfilf, and fie if he 
can find this ^Kingdon^ in his heart; for if he find it 
^orthoT, in vain (hall he find it in ail the Worid be-* 
fides. ; . 

. The fourth Head wherein the difference of the& 
Kingdoms is fiai, is outward State and C^a9i% ; for out* 
ward Pomp ^d Shew is one of the greateft ftays of the 
Kingdom of tbb World .* Some thing there mufl be 
to amaze, the People, and ftrike them into wondermextt^ 
or elie Majefty would quickly be contemned. TfaeScni^ 
pcur« recounting unto us Kmg Sohmm^s Royalty, tdl$ 
vs oC hi» Magnificem Bnildi^Sy qi \i$Bgtanhr(mgj of his 
Servantfy and his , jfttendoffts^ of his Cuf-bearen^ of Ujs 
^/ttsj aiid thefe were the things which purchafid unto 
him the Rqputatk>Q of Majeftjj above all ^ Kings of 
d^e Eaith. Bdbved, the Kingdom of Cbr^ is not like 
unto Sudemm in hi^ %4/(7, it is like unt^ Otftui when he 
had )e»^ # a)l his Royalty, and in a Utifien Efhoft^ daof 
ced be^e the Ark: and this, plain and<naiinral fimpUci* 
ty c^ it, is like unto ^ UUiei of the Fields more gloriv 
ous than Solemen in aU bis Sigjialty. The idolattous Supers 
llitiaas of Paganifin flood in goeat need of fiich Vcsqt 


Mji Kii^ffknh tS^* - acq 

Mmpi^^rwcwm 'oi^mewh ^ Trmvtf^ teUf us; For 
})e|f|g^nfd[^ng of tbefi^iire% ttey Wttre to gab R«pi»- 
taujoa of tpeiog fen^daifif by ooncjealineniv am^ bjT m#- 
wmi nm^wSf!^ ilkcw c^ fiMBneduog aaiwei^lie to the 
(Ciicpei^tkMi thqr bad raiftd : The c^oftheKiagdon 
cfl the World » die fame ;^ For all dnirl^/^ttmdrJkfag)' 
nifi^tm ufid i» the maim^bg of them nwiAipg elfe, 
biit Secular Idolaiarf, liled ft> gsib Teaeralioii aad ren^ 
i¥»Qe uuto that, whioh m oompanfen of the Kumfeoi 
W^ fpeak of is meer yamty. Bat the Sctpiser ci the 
IKingdom of Cbrtft is ar i^t Scepfier, and to add utifio c 
mmMrd^faiCy afMJ i|if/res% aad JRmuji, is'notbHip ette bm 
tp m^^eii Coitiuo^ itianry and joyn die> Kingdsm of 
Cbr^ with d»e Kingdom of the World, vduch (%rift 
ey{^e% here in my Text hath divorced and put afiicb* 
den A dung wl^ I doihe.rather note, becauie that 
tiie long .cootiouance of feme CertnmuuL m theCisstnr^v 
bive oQcafioadi maair,^ cfpccially, (^ Ac Church of 
^0«ar, to thiok that tqere is no Religion, no Sendee 
wkhput thefe Geipnaomes. Ot^ BopitsQeU us of a poor 
SfmrM^f dtat Traveilmg in another Coum^y, and feeing 
^ Bearn$ and pofts of Houfe %iiaired and Carved, ask'd 
ff sife Trtr4 grw J^ m tbtfi €$aMrys ? Bdo\xed, many mof 
that have been Ipqg accpiaifited widi a Form of W^rflnf^ 
iquared and carved, tridk'd, aod fet out wiih Shm' and 
Cewnmsf^ &U idpon this SfMrt^s concdr, think the Trees 
gam foy and think chat there is no natural ihape andisce 
of God!s Service! but tbit. I coofefi die Service of God 
hath evermore feme Ccraamf aciendiag it, and to our 
Fathers, before Chrttt) may icem to have been ndeefla- 
ry^ faecaafe God a»mmani]ed it : But kc us ix^ deod^ 
Ofjrfiivej^forndAef hCerewe^ now, neither was. So- 
«»^ then eftcemed neceflary, neidier was the com* 
mvi^^oi God <;c«W5CiMii^ f^ by thofe to v^om it was 

^^ A Se^nm m St. Luke xviii. li 

fh|Bfi»«vcrtakefi to be peremptory : I will begin die ^mit^ 
fant of what I have iaid out o^ St^Chr^ftotHi for m 
Ills Comments upon the tenth to the Hebrms^ he denies 
that ever God £rom the beginning required, or thilt it 
"Was his will to (mkun iiich an Wimki/ Form if Wmfi^f ; 
and askmg therefore of himfelf, mik Ji im^m^i ; how 
^icn (eiems he to have commanded it? he angers 
^fupi^'nfiAip^' by eandeJcetuUng onlj, and (ubmittbg him* 
^i^ unto humane inflrmif^ ( mw diis mjyxiyd^mty this 
tmkfimtit^ of God, wherein it ^xmfifted, Oecumenm 
opens; For becaule that Mqi bul a conceit, that it 
"Was convenient to offer up ibme part of their lubftance 
imto God, and fo ftrongly were they poflefled with this 
concdt that if they offered it not up to him they 
would offer it up to Idols; God, iaidihe, rather then 
they (hould offer unto Idols, required them to ofikr un« 
to him. And thus was God underftood by the Holy 
Men themfelves, who lived under the Shadow of thofe 
Ceremonies : for David^ when he had made his peace with 
God, after that great fin of his,opens this Myftery ^ For 

thmrequirejt not Sacrifice^ faith he, e^ would I have given it 
thee ; but thou Jettghtefi not in Burnt-Offerings : The Sacri^' 
fice of God is a brok§n Spirit^ a troubled and a contrite hearty 
O Godj dofi thou not d^fifi. After the revolt of Jeroboam 
And the ten Tribes from the Houfe/of tXatnd^ there were 
many Devout and Religious Perfons in Ifiael^ and yet 
we find not that they uled the outward Form of Wor- 
fhip which was commanded. Elias ixA EHi^^s^ two 
great Prophets in Ifi^l^ did they ever go up to Hieru* 
falem to Worfhip ? Obadiah, a great Courtier in King 
jihabk Court, and one that feared the Lord exceeding- 
ly J the feven thotifand which bowed not their Knees to 
Baatj when .came they up to the Temple to Oflfcr ? a 
thing which doubtlels they would have done, if they 
had underftood the Commandment of God in that be- 
half, to have been abiolute indeed. If we live in pla- 



A^ Kingdom i mt if this WarUj tcd idf 

«es where true Religious PcHom* 4o refeit, and aflem* 
hit Sot dbe Service dF God, it were ft fin €o n^Ieft in 
But otherwiie it is fiifficient, if we keep us from die 
pollutions of that place to ^ which we are reftrain\L 
J^djuvatboe mftras temflu admittere nures} W] 
fbre .we God ^ our ielves, ancf b^ufe ^e 
with gay i]^s,,^d goodly things ^link/it is 1 
dod f Seneca ftrports, that a fant^-nufnm^^^ ^ P< . . 
player and Dancer in J^me, becai^ he ploa^ the P^^ 
fie well, was Wont to* go up eveiy day into the C^^Utt^ 
and pra£biied his Art, and dance before ?i^/i^, and 
Ifibsij^hedidtfa^ goda.g^ ^edttt. Bel&vdi;xjb 
B^.rflings we We^ like unto iJik.l^HJ^^ayar, 'and 
do much meafiire God by the People, by the \^adi(L 



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.v-...--;o;^P^-,»^AM. xxiv...;f. , 

t . - ( ■ ■ ^ 

|'k'*r* ■"• *'.' •-^•i ,.' ^y] '«•,■ » , ■ -» A ! ' 

4(M it turn t^ H^ i^etiMrAiifbgt Dd^'t 

TEmptation is the grcateftoccalionei- of»Chri- 
ftian's honour:indQe(l like an Enemy it thrca* 
tens and endeavours- his mine j but in the 
ooncjueft of it confifts his Crown and Tri* 

With this Enemy, or to be «g# siKKt. without danger 
of Gun-flhoti out of its teach; like the C-iw&m the Got 
pel, that is put under a bufhtl, the brighteft part of ouf 

f>ry were quite obfeured. As Maximus Hyrius fpafce 
«!n»/«,if you take from him W 3»««, ^ rif .(Ws«f 
favap beaftsjbat he flem, and the Tjrmts whom he 
IuK»eft, his Journeys and labours, ikgovit^Jfi^ ^, 
ittiif 93 icjfX^^UJw lop Md cut off the mamfeji Arm and 
Limbs of Hercttlei*s rtnomi : So, t^e from a Chriftian his 
-Rmptationt , his Perfecutions^ bis ConiemioHs, remove him 
n]om the ^ Ow/Z^froffl ihsj mrld,i%iifnuJffat 4» m^ 

^Jr^iHf' ^°" 4P"^*^ ^ **^'**' cheif matter and fub- 
jedt of his glory.Take Job from the Ikmghil-jOMid from 

fr^i ^*"^' ^? Ae JWw; the Uefl&d Uut^rskooi 

UK i^^ from thcfj^*, from the $^ and, wjiat are 


A Sermm on i Sam. XXiv. f • ^qf 

they iaott then other men ?' As Sampfin tells Ikdilah in 
dieBookofthc3'i<%^^j 4/*«!> hairbecut^ thenm^ftrtn^li 
wili.gofirom fnc, ani- IfhaH become weak^ and likg unioamr 
iher man j lo, Beloved, thefe thbgs arcy as it were, the 
hair wherein their fti;ength lay, Jhavt that ama^^ and they 
lliall preiently become weak, aiid like unto o«^ 
ther mea But Temftaticm aire of two forts, £>me are 
lite fr<fefs*i and ijfe» Eriemies, which proclaim Men Wai 
againft us, like Goliah^ they publickly come forth ktta 
challenge us ; And (uch are the outward Evils tlvit jbts 
fall us, Lofs of Goods J Skkpefs^ bifeafiy Dijhohour^ pjfa- 
n^^ Perficutions^ ^d the like : Others there are of a 
moie^ficretf tlofi^ ^d m/W nature, like unto Tr^»w/, 
that bear the behayk)ur andcounitenace of friends ; tluc 
e](pie out their adv^ragc, and fet privily Wpon us i th6 
mplJ: trouUelbnie kind of Enemies, fer ^uos nee licet ej^c 
tap^uank in bcllo faratqs^ nee tdn^uam infactficwos^ Wil^' 
\^boEQ we can liave neither peace nor w^r, and againlt; 
whom we can neither be ptovided i rior fecure ; thele 
are our own corrup Thoughts and Imagimttons^ which ^- 
CTetly IVein our b^?^, and watch their times to fetori 
us, as the ^hilijiipes^^^^^ to ftrpfite 

S/tnfjfm , For let;* inartbut defcend Into himlelf, e5c- 
amine his own j&uli take as it were an inventoiy of iJie* 
pafliQQS, affp^ing$, tholights of hfe own heart, look buc 
wha^.u^ number (^ them is, and let him make accojdrit 
of io niany Enemies : Jot venenoj ^uot ingenia j tot ^er-^ 
nicies MQt ^ &ecips^ tot iohresy qmt colore s ; as TertUllikn 

rimd tt. A. fcrt.of enemies by lb much the more dan-f 
^ous, b^uie that all thofe outward enemies^ 
Sr.whidhj I but now fpake, cannot come ib near as to 
raile our skin, or bidanger one hair of our head, if thele 
give them not way : from thefe, ut ajpis k viper a vene-^ 
num^ as the Afp borrows poifon from the Viper, d6 
thpfe other Temptations borrow all their power and 
ftrepgth to hurt us. For let us t^c a&rvey of all the 
i . outward 


outwird affliflions, mUcries and cilimltits, which hard 
bdaUen all the Saints of God in holy Scriprtirc,and let us? 
jfiippo^ them to be all let and bent againft fome one alone; 
yet aotwithftahding, ' as the three^ children, in Dmel walk-' 
cd iqthe ihidft of the fire untouched, or as our SaVibiii:; 
Chrift pafiM away through the tnidfl: pf the people, that 
were •gathfcDwJ;, together to mifchi^f him, and throw 
bun down the hiljj lb (hall he b^^ble to pafi frbra 
tbem all witlv)ijt any hurt or '' barnj,'if forac*' dilcon- 
teoted, or dillijuffhil, ordelpar^ng^'W'proiid, orangiy^^ 
^r 'impure ani luftful tl^ught do' jlor betray 'him 'unto 
them, and as1t were open, a do<>i^,rffid^let them in.' D4* 
tviwho is hqre the lubjeil: of my Text,had very 'cpticb^ 
ado with both forts:pf enemies,' and* by his.owii'expcri*' 
eoce feund, that this latter rank of ftcVet and pri vie Re- 
aves in ftrength far ^furpafied thb former. For whonS* 
fliritttiertheX/tf«^ ttortheie^r, npfCt)//^, nofS"/^, ndf' 

foih ii^nWmif If ^nd jii^ Kin^dofh^'^How ^airftlmenr 
oi^hc wc tp he;i and to ftand oil bviir ^ giJafdj and.keejr a:' 
perpetual watch pve'r our hearts' ^ diligently to' t|y ' and* 
examln our thoughts^ j Nunquam ffCufd triimphantur otio^ 
Jed tantum folltcito ^remuntur imperip, StAimifl, NorVhilcr* 
we. live. fhall We Ke able perfe£lly to maftei;, . or feoiire-i'^ 
ly to triumph over *them : the only ^vay to lu^ftf^' 
auid keep them down, is, to have a j^erperual and' cafe-*^ 
fill jealoufie of them. Now of this Religicais care, amd^ 
watchfulnefi 'over our own ' thoughts, hath, the holy^ 
Ghpft recorded for our iife a notable example in the(c^ 
words, which but now I read, And it came tofafs^ ^c* 
To relate . unto you at large the occafion of thefe* 
words, and theftory. from whence they depend^ W^re- 
but to wrong you \ for I cannot think fo meanly of your • 


And' Davi(Fs heart JfHote hm^(^e. 2.69 

knowledge in Scripture, as that any of you can be ig^ 
hqrant of to f^nous a paflage. Yet thus much for the 
better opening of my way unto fuch Do6lTines5 as I 
fliall draw from this Text, I will call back unto your 
memories, that Saul hunting after David to kill him, un- 
wittingly ftept into a Cave where David was ; David 
having now his enemy in his hand, and op jwrtunity to 
revenge himfelf, lets flip all thought of revenging, and 
only cuts off privily the lap of his garment* For thii 
deed, fo narmlefi, fo innocent, the Scripture tells us 
that his he^t fmotehim, that he ftffereth great anguifii 
and remorfe in confcience for it. That which I will re- 
quire you to note, is the tendemefi of confcience, and 
flrange (crupulouCiefi in David for ib imall an a6}:ion j 
for it will yeild us a great Leflbn. I fay it appeareth 
not by Scripture^ that David intended any miichief or 
treafbn to Saul^ or that he harbour'd in heart any diC- 
loyal thought againft him. This ^purpofe of cutting off 
the lap of Sauts garment, was no other then to purchafe 
to himftlfa harnalefi and honourable teftimony of his 
iniloCency, and to prove unto Saul^ that there was no like- 
lihood that he fought his blood, whom he fpared5having 
him at fo great an advantage. Yet notwithftanding, as 
if the rendring of Saufs garment, had been the wound- 
ing of Sauts body, or the fhedding of his blood, David 
ftands amazed, and is affrighted at fo honourable,fo in- 
nocent a thought. His heart fmote bim^ faith the Scrip- 
ture. As men' that have been at Sea, and indangcred 
through the raging of winds, and tempefts, and flouds,. 
when afterward the weather is cleared up, the winds al- 
layed, the Sea fmothed, and all calm, yet fcarcely dare 
they fet fayL again, and truft to fo uncertain, fo fickle an 
Element: fo fecms it to have fared with David in this 
place J he was a man fiibjeft to the fame paflions with 6- 
iher men,and doubtle6,through the raging of unruly and 
miforderly affeiiions, he had man^ times been in danger 
of fpiritual fhipwrack j whercfore,Vw^^ in rmrem fiagni fu" 

P ' Jim 

c. 1 6 A Sfrmon m i Sam. xxiV. f . 

fum ^^or aniieatj and though now he €X>uld diibdver no 
tempeft m his heart^hough the face of his thpu^ts were 
as (booth as Gkls ; yet when he looks upon iiich fair and 
calm a£fe(9:ions,his heart mifgiveshim^d he dares not truft 
them magnos hie pampus mantes habet^ nan^uUUtas ifta tern* 
feftas efi : the csixt he hath over his own heart filkhim 
with lufpicions, and ftill lie thinks, fomething he knows 
not what, may be amiG; But I muft come unto the words. 

jind it came to f^s afterwarifSe. 

In tbefe words We will codSder thefe three things. 

I . The Peribn, Davidy And Davids heart fimfe him. 

a. Davidts Sollicitoufcefi, his care and jealoufie, very 
figiiificantly exprcflcd in the next words , his heart 
finote him, 

5; The caufeof this his care and anxiety of mind^ 
In thelaft words, becaufe he had cut off Sad s sl^t. 

In the firft point, tjaat Is,m the ferfin^e may confider 
his greatnefi, he was a l^>;^in cxpe^ation, and already 
Anointed. Acircumftancc by lb much the morc.confide^ 
rable, beoiule that greamefi Is commonly taken to be a 
privliedse to fin : to be over carefiil and confcientious 
of our courfes and a£fcions, are accounted virtues tor pri- 
vate ferfonsj I^ngt have greater bufineffes then to exa- 
mine every thought that comes into their hearts.P-i^^ nmts 
oblivifcitur Je ejje Cafarem ; ego veto memini me C^aru fi^ 
Ham I It is the anlwcr oijuliaj Augt^us the Bmferours 
daughter, when (he was taxed (oi her too wanton and 
licentious living, and counlePd to conform her felf to the 
fob^iety and gravity of her father j Mjf other j iaith (he^ 
forgets himfelfto be Cafar the Emferour : but I remember mf 
felf to be C^efars daughter. It Was the J^ech of Etmiut 
the Poet J Plebs in hoc K^i ante-flat loco ^ licet lacbrimari 
flebi^ I(egihotteflenon licet ; Private ifaen in this have a 
privilege aboye Princes j but thus to do becomes not Prin^ 
ces : and If at any time the(e (ad and heavy-hearted 
thoughts dp furprlze daem, they (hall never want com- 
forters to diJ5)el th?f». When jAab was for fiilknefi 



And Oaviii hedttfimte tnnHy (ic, ili 

falkn down upon hk bed, bebauie N^th would not 
)reild htm his Vineyard, Jts^^d^el k prefently at hand and ' 
asks hka^rt thou this dajf 1^ oflJrdeRWhea Arnmonpi' 
ned away in the inoeftuous love of hisfifter Thamar^ ^o^ ; 
nadab his com|)aniop comes unto him, and asks, H^oy it 
the Ji^it^s fin fad every ^ ? (b that; as it feems, great 
fetfins can never be much or long fad Yet David (or* 
gets his greatnefi, forgets his many occaGons, gives no 
car to his companions about him, bat gives bimfelf over 
to a (crupuious and ferious confideradon of an A£tion iit 
flhew and couofienance but light. 

Secondly, As the Petfin is great, Ci is the care and 
femorie conceived upon th^ confiderdtion of his a£tion ex^ « 
ceed&ggr^t, whidb is our Second part: And therefore 
the holy Ghtfi eXpreilcs it in very fignificant terms : Hit 
heart Jhwte him^ a phrafe ki Scripture ufed by the holy 
Ghofl^ when men beg^n to be fenfible, and repent then! 
of feme fin. When David had committed that eteat fin 
of nun^ptg the feepk^ and began to be apprchenfive of 
ky the Scripture tells us, that Davi£s heart finote him^ 
when he had commanded Joab to number the feoffa 
Wherefore by this finiting we may not h^re underftand 
feme Hg^ touch of coofcience, like a gram of powder, 
prefendy kindled, and prcfendy gone ; for the moft 
hard and flinty hearts many times ycilds liich ^arks as 
riiefe. He that is moft flefliM in fin, commies it not 
without feme remorfe ; for fin evermore leaves iovcit 
icruplc, Ibme ftingi fome loathfomenels in the hearts of 
diofc that are moft inamour'd of it. But as Simeon tells 
the Biejfed Virgin in St. Lukfs Gofpel j Oladius pertran* 
jHfit animam tuam^ A (word ftiall peirce through thine 
.heart j (b it fecms to have been >^ith D^id. It was not 
fbme light touch to raife only thi fur&ce and skin of 
the heart, but like a fwqrd it peirced deef into him : To 
teach us one leflbn, Tiiali! a6Kons (potted, though but 
with the leaft lirfpicion of fin, ou^t not carckfly to be 

P % . pafi'd 

• - - 

a |x . /a Serfnm on i Stoi. xxiv. yJ 

pstlsM by, or fleighdy glancjed at, but we ought to be 
deeply apprehenfive of them, apd beftoW greateft care 
and confideratioa upon them. ' . - 

The third part of oUi' Text xontaineth the cauft of 
David's remorfe, in the laft words^ becat^ he/cUf ojf 
Saufs skirt: In the two forpier parts we' ha4 to do with , 
grcatnefi : there was I , a great ■ Perfin^ an4 ^. .gr^^C i^- 
morfe j can we' in this thir4 paM find out any great caufe . 
or reafon of thisj fb to n^ke s^l parts proportionable ? , 
Certainly he that fliall attentively read arid weigh thpfe* 
firft words pf my Text,- an4 )tnow the ftory, might, 
think that David had comnikted feme notable crrour, as 
lomQ great op'grelfion, or fome cruel flaughter, or (bme 
filch Royal fin, which none. but Kings and great men. 
cavi commit. • Bot, Beloved, this my Text feems to be 
like the fVindo0s in Salomons Templej broad within, but 
narrow without/ or lilce a Pjramide^ large and fpatious 
at the Bafis and ground of it , but finall and fliarp at the 
top. The P^rfon and B^morfe^ which are the ground and 
lubjeft of my Text, both are ^rf4# and large '<y bu^: the 
Caufe, which is the very crown and top of all, that is 
very finally yea per ad venture none at all. For whether 
it be that my ftlf , accuftomed to greater fins, and 
now grown old in them^ have loft all fenfe of finall and 
petty errours, or whether indeed there be no errour at 
all in this^aftion of David^ but only Ibme fancy, Ibma 
jealoufie arliing out of that godly and careful watch he 
kept over all his ways j or whatfoever elfe it was that 
caufed this fcruple or remorfe in David, it is a very hard 
matter to difcoyer, and yet notwithftanding, that we 
inay make mpre open pals wnto fiich Doftrines as I fhdl 
raife out of thefe words, let us a little lean, and confider 
what it was in this action that made David thus ftrange- 
Ij fcrupulous. 

And firft of all,was it for that he had touch'd and taken- 
that which was none of his own, and therefore might 

. • fccm 

l^m to^ fell wkhin cotnpafs of the Law againft in- 
jury and piirlbinJiig.? This.ieems not probabte; for* 
when afterward in the like cafe he came upon Saul as he • 
was flecping m the Camp, and took from hiih the - 
, Spear and the pot of water which flood at his head/we ' 
do not read that his head, that his heart fmote hintj and * 
yet he took what was none of his. • . 

Or xljf. was ^t that he did wrong attdidSJiortour Satil - 
ih mangling hfe-garmentPlndced the 3^em have -a Tradi- 
tion, that this was the fin of which David y^as here (6 > 
fenCble. And therefore fey Aey, whereas we read hr 
the iSrft of ICfw^J, that when DofVid grew old, they co^^ 
vered him with' cblhes, but he gat no heat, this was tile 
puniflimcnt of his fin commirt?ed againft Saul ; God (6 
providing, that garments . ftiould not be (erviceabk to • 
him, who had offended in wronging Saul's garuients.But 
'this I niuftlet^Oasa fable. - * 

Or 5^. was it that he had unadviledly gii^nWay to • 
fbnie difloyal thought, -and at firft refblvcdto revetige 
himfelf on Saul^' having him at the advantage, though 
afterward he repented ? Indeed St. Qbryfiftom thinks fo. j 
ahd theref6r^ on thofe words at the latter end of the 
vcrfe next before my Text. ' And^ David arofe^' he notes 
ftcAj^ 7n!i fiyif^ rH^ i^<ylf,i i y^fW9' See you not^ (aith he, 
what a tefnfefi cfrage and anger . begins to rise in him j /or 
he fuppofeth him to rife in heat and ftiry, with a refoiu- 
tion for blood: biut it pleafed God in the way 'to make 
liim relent^and change the purjfofi of revenge into the ath-* 
on of cutting off hi f skirt : an&t\i^,i ^is Imicing of D4w/s 
heart was nothing elfe, butxhis repenting himfelf for gi- 
ving over-hafty entertainment to fuch a rebellious thought. 
But, Beloved, who.ffoall lay any thing to the charge of GoSs 
elcEl ? David*s thoughts vyere only known to. God and 
himfelf. Since therefore G§d gives not this as a kcalbn of 
David's remorfe, but another thing , Far be it from me, 
that I flaould wrong David ib far, as to burden liim with 

P 3 thatj 

XI4 ' ASmuonmi Sam, yxW* f. 

tlmt, with which none but G^ can Charge him. I ra* 
ther chufc to follow St Bajifs rule, r aift* ^ T^y&^^f 
let the Scriptures be raderftood as they Lie, The Scrip- 
turd tells u$t I>avii% heart Jinotc him^ Because he cut cS 
the Skirt of 5i22//*s Garment, andnotbecaufe he had con- 
ceived againft Saul any thought of Blood. But whac 
Caulethen (hall we give of Davufs Remor£ , none o- 
ther^ Beloved, but vxsn religious and careful jealoufy 
which ftiU he had over his own Thoughts, which made 
him Pietatu affeSu etmn qua tutafim firmidare^ Hier. 
To fufpe£fc all thmgs be they never lb iafe, and never 
ro ihiiJc himfelf fecure from the Contagion of Sin. ft 
was with David, as it was wont to be wi(h M^n that 
are often troubled with Sicknefles and Difeafes, Si^fir 
cioftibus inquictantur^ ntedicifque jam fani mamm fcrrigum^ 
tS omnetn caiorem corf oris Jut calumniantur SeneC. DiiquieC 
themfclves with every little altcratwn in their Bodies^ 
repair to the Pi^fician when they are well, and |:hink^ 
every heat to be an Ague-Fit : Borum carpus mn eft ^4- 
rum famm^ fed fanitati famm ajfuevit : tfhefe Men are 
not Sick ; but they do not know what it is to be in 
Health. In the fame State is D^d^ he had hetjjL often 
infc<9:ed with Spiritual Weakncfi and Difeafe^ and there- 
fore he (u(pc£bevery Motion of hi$ Heart, and takes 
every thought to be a Temptation. Hiyusamtms von e- 
rap forum fanus, fedfanitati farum affuevit ; His Soul was 
not fick of any Sin, biu: h^ did not know what it waf 
to be in Spiritual Health. 

For us and for our ufc hath the Wy Ghofi rcgrftred 
this Exam{5le of Scruple and tcndemefi of Cooftience. 
Let us^ return to our felves and fee what Lcflbns we may 
1 earn for our behoof. Men ufiialjy are either grown 
old in Sin, and therefore their Eye-fight is decayed^ they 
cannot ealily ' fee and difcern fmalkr tins : or elJfe as 
iBig^r in the Bode of G^w^;, laid Ifmael afar ofiF from 

her, that (he might not be criev'd with the fight of him : 

i^ ' ' • ■ ! J ' ' \' Id 

And Davids Heart Jmo^e hifpij ^c. iif 

lb we labour to lay our Sins fair out of Kenn, that 
. the Mcmoiy and Sight of them might not exaiperate 
and trouble us. For the Cure of both thefe fcfirmities, 
I have borrowed out of the Lord's Treafury a Spefta- 
, de of OftJdiGfirfsy which if we ufe itj will rcftore our 
decayed Eye-light, and quicken, and make us read our 
Sins in the finallefl Print ; and let them lie never £> far 
from us, yet will it prefent them unto us in their true 
quantity and greatneisr. Towards the better ufe of 
which ipiritual Glafi, one Leflbn would I elpecially com- 
metid unto youjTo be perpetually jealous and fiiipiciouis 
of your thoughts, and to be quick-fcented,eafily to trace 
the footing of Sin, to beeaGly fenfible o( it, when we 
think our felves to have done amifi : a Lefloin naturally 
arifing, as I take it, out of Daviifs Example, com:- 
mended unto us in this Place. Now how abfelutely 
behoovefulit is for us to hold a perpetual Watch over 
our Hearts, and be jealous of fiich thoughts as ipring 
out of them, it will appear by thefe Reafons. 

Firft, becaufe that Sin is of fuch a flie infinuating 
Nature, that it will privily creep in, and clofely cleave 
to our thoughts aqd intents though we perceive it nor. 
For as Waters, though of themfelves moft pure, will 
rdifli and favour of the Earth and Soil through Vhich 
they pafi : fo thoughts in themfelves good, paffing 
through the corrupt and evil ground of our Hearts, can- 
not but receive feme Tindhire, feme dye, feme relifli 
from them. When Davidhzd an intent to build God an 
Houfe, he doubtlefi conceived no otherwlfe bf this his 
Intent, than of a religious and Honourable purpofe, 
and in outward appearance ttkere was no caufe; why he- 
fliould doubt of God^s acceptance ; yet we fee this piir- 
pofe of his mifliked by Gody and rqefted, and the rea- 
ion given, ^usa virfofiguimim es tu^ bejcaufetbou art a Man 
cf Blood. How (hadl.we then fecure our felves of any 
f bought^ if fuchwinti^ntasthis, fo fiyoufing of Zeal, 

•' : Y4f ■ . of 

a 1 6^ A Sermon i Sam. sxiv. y. 

of San<9:ification, of Love unto the Glqry of God^ haw 
fiich a flaw in it as makes it unprofitable ? and how nfe- 
ceffary is it, that we bring all our imaginations and in- 
tents to the Fire and ro, the Rcjfiniqg Pot, fo throughly 
to try them, apd bring them to their higheft Point of 
Purity and Perfcftion ? Be it peradvehtiire, that the 
aft'on be in it lelf good j if i^ be liable tx) any fiifpi- 
cion of Evil, it is enough to blaft it It is the Holy 
Ghofi*s Rule given by the blefled Afofile^ that we abftain 

• fiom all fhew and appearance of Evil, that we refrain as 
much, as poffible from all fuch a£tions, as are capable 
of milconftruflion. What is more lawful, than for 
the Labourer to have his hire ? than for thofe • that la- 
bour in the Gojf el, to. live by the Gojfel ? Yet we fee St; 
Paul, refufed this Liberty, and chpfe rather to work with 
his own Hands j only for this realbn , becaufe he 
would not give occafion to any, that wotild mifinter- 
pret his Adion, to live at others Coft, and feed on the 
fweat of others Brows. What befdls Princes many 
times, and great Pcrfins that have abufed their Authori- 
ty, the People rife and fiippre/s them, deface their Sta- 
tuesp forbid their Com, put away all things that; brar 

- any memory of them : So feems our blefled Apofile to deal 
here ; look what Anions they be which bear any In- 
scription, any Image and Title, any fhew or (pot oE 
Sin, thefe hath he thought good even to banifli and 
quite prohibit Our prophane Stories tell us, that when 
Julim Cafar had divorced his Wife , being asked why 
be did io, fince nothing was brought againft her to 
prove her diflioneft, his anlwer was, that yj^a fhat will 
he PVije of Cafar, muft not only befreefrmn dijhonefiy^ but 
from alljufpition of i'i : Beloved, St P/itt/, telb the Cari«//ji- 
ans, that he had efpoufedthem unto one Husband, that he 
nnght deliver them as a chafl Virgin unto Qhrift*^ and 
God every where in Scripture compares his Church Un- 
to an efp:jfed IVife, and himfelf unto an Husband, a Hus-^ 


Aad Davids heart finoie h/tn^ (Sc. tlij 

band far more jealous than ever Cajar was : How care- 
ftil then muft that Soul be, that intends to Marry it felf 
to Cicli a jealous. Husband, to abftain nbt only from aH 
Pollution of Sio> -hut from all folpicioaof it ? Laft qi 
all, itisTer^i^ZfiVin's (peech, quanta. facilmiUicita tnnebitj 
qui etiam licita verehitur ; It is* wifdom. fchietimcs to fiif. 
pe6l and fliun things that are lawful ; v For there > ait 
many Anions in themfelves good, which: yet to many 
Men become occaiions of Sin and Scandal : For it is 
with our Aftions, as. it is with cur Meats and Drinks ; 
As divers Meats fit nom to divers cdnftitutions of Body 
io alladions accord nptwell with all tenipers of Mind; 
As therefore what difli it is we eafily fiirreit of, though 
itbeotherwifegQod,it. is Wifflom totally to abftain 
^ from i io look what anions f hey be' in wiiich we find our 
lelves prone to fin, it is good Spiritual Phyficl{^ to ufc ab- 
ftinence, and quite to leave them. For if our Saviour 
commands us to fluck, out our Eyes^ and pare off our HandSf 
if onqe they become unto us caufe oi Sin, how much 
more then muft wp prune awayill inward Thought^ 
all outward Circumilances, which become occafion of 
offence uiito us ? 

A fccond reafbn why I would perlwade you to enter* 
Itain a Jealoufie of all your thoughts andad^ions, isa 
natural cver^charitable" 4ffeSimy which I fee to be ih 
xs\qPlMsx\ imtotljfeiroum^urays'y andVJwqb is.ftrange, the 
mrfe they are, the more are we naturally inclined to fa- 
vour them ; "J^he r^^lbn is, bccaufe the warfe they are, 
the more they are our own, . When :que(Uon Was iom^ 
time made, lVf)y gpod Herbs grow fojfaringl/^ and with 
great labour and Paipsy whereai fPied^- grow apace without 
any culture and tilling i It Was anlwered. That the Earth 
was a natural Mother to the one, to rhe other flie was 
a Step-Mother ; the one (he brought forth of h^r felf, 
to the other Ihe was cOnftr ain'd. Beloved it is with our 
hearts as it is with the Emh^ the natural Fruit of them 


*i8 'a Sermm m 1 Sam^ xxbr. f^ 

is weeds and evil thought^ unto them our Hearts are af 

Mothers, injifia virefitmty they (pring up in us (£ 

themlelves, without any care or manuriilg : but as for 

good Thoughts, if they be found in our hearts, they 

are not natural^ they are fet there by a high hand, they 

are there by a kind of ipintuai in-oculation and graffing, 

as Mengraff ^/gc^&yand kind fruits upon Thorns and 

Crabs: No marvel then, if iike choice herbs and Fruits 

th^y grow fb tenderly, and need (b much care and 

chorifhing. As therefore Parttasj though their own 

CMdrcn be very deformed, yet love them more than 

dthcrs, thou^ more Beautiful : (b corrupt and ev3 

thoughts are naturally dearer unto us than good, Be-* 

caufe weare as-Mothers unfo them, to the reft we are 

•but Step-dames. Two notable Fruits there are of this 

t^'^charitablenefi tomtrown A&ioHs, Firft, z milSngnefi 

tliat we have to flatter^ to deceive and , abule our own 

, felves by fretcnces and exctfif. There h a plain, a down- , 

right, and as it were a Country ^probate ^ one that fees 

his Sin, and cares nof much to ^x<:uie it, and is content 

to eo on, and as it were in Sim^kity to caft himfelf a- 

way: There is a more witty, more refined, and as it' 

were a Gentieman-lH^ ^robofe^otit that ftrlves to finooth 

and gild over his Sin, to deceive others and himfelf ^th 

excufes and apologies ; pnim TX«Vi9- 'ti^nfy ^ «^- 

"ttrnmiy 7^ m^yy^/m^n hm^i&iKi^ as St. BafU (peaks, to 

t^kegreat pains, and with the Expence of a great deal of 

,Wjt and Art to danmhimlelf. When Saul, being feilt 

againft Arnold^ had ipared Ag^ and the hft and fatteft 

of the Prey, at Saimeh coniingto vifit him, how doth 

iie wipe his Mouth, as if all lud been wdl, and trimly 

compoleshimfelf to entertain him^ Sle/jledart thou of the 

Lord J thave ferformd the Commandment of the Lord? 

And when Samuel had fhewcd hira his Errouf, how 

quickly hath he his excufe at his fingers ends,^ havefia* 

red. the befl of the Sheep and of the Oxen to facrifice unto th§ 


^ 'And Davi(Fj Bearpjm^e bim^ &ci %x^ 

Lm'df C# Deo sdulamr &l fihi Imocinatwr^ as TermSutn 
(beaks, he thidb to guU Almighty God with fair and 
flattering Pretences^ and becomes a Baud to his own 

*' Vice i mmium idem ommsfi^limur^ it is the common Er- 
rour of us all, and in molt of our A£l:ions we do as Saul 
did^ endeavour to put Tricks upon our jelves : Beloved, 
weie we not partial, but rigid Ccniurers of our own 
Thoughts, this corrupt Fruit would quickly rot and 
fall away. Again, there is a iecond Fruit springing out 
of this Favour and Dotage in our own AcSlions, an £r- 
rour as common, diough not 16 dangerous, for we are 
cootent many times to acknowledge that Ibmething is a- 
mifilnour Adions, we will confeis daem to be £ins, but 
we account of them as lirde fins, iinsofa leflerHze, not 
(b fearful, eafify pardonable. There is a Sinner, who by 
committing ibme great and heinous Crime {crimen i^• 
varatorium fabais^ as TertulUm calk it, fuch a fin as with. 
open Mouth devours Salvation) doth as it were with. 
one ftep leap into Hell, and of this kind of Sinners the 

^ nuofber is fewer .- But abundance there are, who avoid- 
ing great aod,heinoUs fins, by committing leffir finsy ^s 
they think, can be content to go by degrees, and as it 
were flep by flep into Hell. Beloved, let us a little put 
on the Spe£kcle I but now fpake of, that we may fee 
whither any fin be io (mall as we take it : I know there 
is difference of fins: our Saviour tells us, that there is a 
Beam, and there is a Mote : but wich^ this I know^ 
that the befl way to keep us from fio, is minima pro maxi" 
mis cavercy to loath even the leaft, as if it were the 
greatefl ^ if we look through this Gkfs, It will make us 
dbink every Mote a Beam. Sins in themfelves are une- 

' qua], but in regard of us, and of our endeavour to avoid 
riiem, they are all equal. Ffy from Evil^ faith the Pfal- 
mift y he tells us not, that tfiqre is one greater Evil from 
which we nluft fly^ and another lefs, from which 'tis 
cinough if we dobut£0 : buthe bids jus /&, and to make 


t V 

ZZ9 A Sermon on x Sam. xiv. 5^^ 

hafte alike from all. To think that a fin is Icfi than It is^ 
may be dangerous, for it makes us the lefs carefol to a- 
void It : but to miftake on the other hand, and think a 
fin greater than it' is, this is a very profitable Errouf. 
Vtinam Jio^femfer errarentus ; would God we did always 
. thus err j for bafides thit there is no danger in it,' it 
makes us more fearful to commit fin. Our Saviojir re- 
prehends the Phariftes in the Gofpel, bec^ufe they could 
ftrain atG«4//, but (wallow Camels-^ but yet if is trud, 
that Men learn at length' to (wallow Camfs^ by Iwal- 
' lowing Gnats at firft ; Nemo repenti fuit turpiJJimuSj no 
Sinner fo hardy, as to (et upon the greateft Sins at firll. ' 
The way by which men train up themfelvesto the com- 
mitting gro(s and hainous fins, is by not being at firft 
con(cientious oflefferfins, Etfanimfiio^fdiAiPaulinus in 
St. Hieromj an fojjimus love aliquot yfeccatwn dicere quod in ' 
Dei comemftum admittitur : who dares caH' any fin little, 
that is committed againft God? Small Contempts againfl ' 
great Princes are accounted great Over-fights*; for what 
is wanting in the thing, is made up in the worth of the * 
Pcr(on. How great a fin then* is the (malleft Contempt 
that is done againft God ? Prudentijjlmus iUe eft^ qui mn 
tarn confiderat quidjuffitm fii^ qtiam iSum^ 'qui jujferit j nee 
yuantifatem imferiij fed imferantts cogiiat dignitatem. '. It 
is the beft Wfldom for iiSj not (b much to confider, 
what IS commanded, as who it; is that commandeth it ; 
to' confider, I lay, not die Cnallne(s of the Law, but 
the greatnefs of the Law-giver. Sins comparatively 
may be counted greater or lefler, but ab(blutely none can 
be counted (mall. To conclude then this Point, Charity 
fiiffeBeth no harm, faith St. Paul : true, but we muft 
note, that fbme Virtues in us concern our (elves, as 
Faith, Hope, Temperance, and the like : (bme Virtues con- 
cern not our (elves, but others: but fuch an one is 
Charity. Charity that wills Chriftians to think well of 
all odiers, can have little room upon our felves ; Let us 



"And Davi/s Hedn finote him^ &c! xx i 

then make ufe of this Charity towards our Neighbours ; 

hope the beft of all their afliions ; but let us take heed 

how wfe be ov«rcbaritably minded to our felves. Cafar . 

•profe(s*d, that he would rather die than fujfe^ his Friends j 

and he.(ped accordingly, for he died by the Treachery 

oEthofe Friends whom be fiifpeited not. . Let us take 

heed how we be over-jkmd unto our own Thoughts, 

how we think it an en:or. to be too fiifpicious of tlwm : 

^ «? TiKv^fy peradventure thofe Sons of oup own 

Hearts, whom we leaft (ufpeft, will in the, end prove • 

thofe who {hall betray us. But I come to a third rear 

fon. A third realbn why I (hall advife you to this Jea- 

loufie over your own Thoughts, is the difficulty of d^ 

covering them betime, and difcerning of what Spirit 

they are. For our Heart is like that Field in the Gdjfelj 

in which the Huskand-man fows good Corny and the Enetftjf 

Jims Tares. God infufeth good Thoughts, and the EkvU 

ill. Now as Weeds many times at their firft budding, 

are hardly known from good Herbs; (6 at the firft 

fpringing and budding of our Thoughts, a hard matter 

it is to know the Weed from the good Herb, the Cora 

from the Tare. As Judah in the Book of Genejis^ l^siem 

not Hamary till the Fruit of his Sin committed with her 

began to (hew it felf : fo till the Fruits of our Thoughts 

and Purpofes begin to appear, except we fearch very 

narrowly, we can fcarccly difcover of what rank they 

are. Ttmc fenum quod latebat in fimdo fufemaiabat ofue^ 

(3 inter folinarum arbores mjrrha amaritudo referta eft ; 

Then the Iron that lay in the bottom, will fwimat the 

top of the Water, and among the plealant Palm-trees^ 

will be found the bittemefs of Mjnrrh. We read in the 

fecond q( Samuetj that when the Ark was brought from 

J^rjath-jearimy the Oxdn that drew the Cart (hook it, 

and Vai:{ah reaching out his Hand to five it firora falling,. 

for his good Service was laid dead in the Place. E>oubt- 

leis V:^:^id3 his accompanying the Ark was a fign of his 


ail. A Sermon on i S&i. xW, f • 

Love unco k ; his Love unto k begat in him a fear tor 
lie k in danger ; his Fear to fee it in danger, bred in 
hioi a defire to keep k from danger. See^ betored, 
what a number of gMm thoi^ts are here ; jet as we 
read in the Book of JA^ when the $tr9an$s of God dame 
and flood hrfore bim^ Satan alfo came and flood amm^ 
ihm ; So in ^ Ckorm and quire of diefe Angdicat 
Thoughts, ^ Devil finds a plabe to reft himfelf m : 
For this defire cH V:{^ah to &ve the Ark from dinger^ 
made him forget what was written, ^i&jr none flootii 
touch tho Arl(,j five only the Priefts : the Brekh of whidi 
Precept l»rought that fearful Juc^ment upon him. You 
ice. Beloved, that though the courie ob our Thoughts 
be )SktJaeolfs Laddet^ and God himielf beat one end t^ 
them, jet Satan, if he can, wiU beat the odier. Let us 
Icam by diis Example of t/j^:^^^, betmies to difeover our 
Thoi^hts, and not to fufier them- to grow tfll thar Fruk 
betrajr them. Indeed. our Savimn hadi given us aRule,2i«^ 
fhaUk!tem them fy'tlkir Fruits ; but wemuft take heed diat 
we ejctend not this Rule too for: tJspiab felt the Fruit (rf* 
his Thoughts to his own coft» It is never good trying 
Gonclufions there^ Vh fana flkthnfiquitur errorem. Let 
us kam to decipher our Thoughts then, when wcf may 
do it without danger,whilft they are «« yJwww^whilft they 
are yet but budding and peepmg above ground, Donee 
Sarctdo tantum ofus eftj nen Stenri ; whil'ft yet there is- 
cfflly need of die Wecd*hook, and notof'Ae Hatchet 
A fourth rea(bn yet there is, for which I would 
couniel you to hol4 a ftriift hand over your Thoughts, 
and it; is, Becaufe that fixjm outward fins we can better 
preferve our fclves, than from cmr fins in thought. Be- 
loved, there is a tranjient fin, and there is an immanent 
fin ; there is a fin that is outwardly a&ed by the Ser- 
vice of the Body, there isa fin that requires not the help 
of the Body, but is commktcd inwardly^ in the very 
Thought and Soul, a ^akthre- or an intelle£luai fin. 

. Out- 



And D/nn^s Heart Jmiie bim^ ice} lij 

Outward fins are maay ways pai?d by, means may bo 
wanting, Company may hinder, time and pfavn^ maybe 
inconvenient; but for ipecdative iGns, or (im in thought, 
idl times, all oocafionS) all places are alike : i^ n rk 
mp O90dfm9 1^ tf^im fuo^pmp^ faith St. Bsfil : A Man, 
^th he, of great Giavity and Countenance (its in cha 
midft of the Market-place, with many hundreds about 
him, and looking upon him, yet notwichftanding this 
Man, d'^fffi$ rSf JUhmpU weff w vli ifutfvai TJsnr, 
^ %iA 7? fieFTMA ^ rrvA^i/ayce, even this Man in 
^e midft <£ all the Gbmpany, Emcies himfelf what he 
defires, and in his Imaginations goes unto the Place of 
(in, or rather retires into his own Heart, and theie he 
finds Place and Means to commit ifjidfrv^ ttfotfiiaf^ a 
Sin diat hath no Witne£but God. If we retire to our 
frivate C Bombers, thejie fins will foUoW us^ther, and 
as BMMb and Bichah did by hbofith Sauts Son, they 
will find us out upon our Beds, and (lay us there. If 
we go to the Church, they will find us out thece^ and as 
Adramelecb and Shares^er flew Setmacherib, whilft he was 
worflupping his God; they will fet upon w even in the 
midft or our holyeft. Meditations and Prayers : neither 
Chamber lior Church, no place £> private, none lo Ho-^- 
ly, that can give us San£hjary, or flieltcr us firom them* 
St. Hierom come^es thus much of himfelf, that .when he 
had fbrfaken the World, all outward occafions of fin, 
and gcme into the Deirrt, and flnit himielf up in a poor 
Cell, and macerated his Body, nmmtUiMi^ km»^^14<V, 
with Watchings, with Faftipgs, and perpetual Prayers, 
. and Religious Exerciie, yet cwU he not be (ecure from 
them : FaSAmf or a jejimiis, & mem Jrfidenis aftwAae in 
firigiek corfvre \ his £k)dy was now grown pale, and 
meagre, and cold, but yet his Heart oumt widi unlaw- 
Ri] defires. Again, they are fins of quick and eafie di(^ 
patch, they aiie done iyj^f^i, itiyi^i, imedyiUk'niTe^^ 
as SuB^l notes; m a.moment:of time, without Liabour 

- of 

114 -^ Sermon m I Sstm* xiv, 5^. 

of Body, Without Care of Mirtd; One wanton Loo(c 
makes us guilty of Adultery, one angry Conceit guilty 
of Murder, one covtitous Conceit guilty of Robbery. 
Wharibeyer is outwardly comnjirted, either with diffi- 
culty of Qrcumftance, or Labour <of Body, or danger 
of Law, that is inwardly committed in the Soul Without 
any trouble at all. Thirdly, confidcr • but the Strength 
of your Thoughts, and you will fete there is great rea- 
fon to keep them low ; for there was no man yet that 
ever was foiled but by them, and not by the outward 
a6Hng of fin. For the outward AcSiion is but the Cor- 
texj the Bark of the Sin ; but the very Bbdy and Sub- 
ftance of Sin is the wicked thought. Beware of Msn^ 
iaith our Saviour, . when he gave his Apoftles Counfel 
how to provide for their Safety in times of outward 
Danger ; but if you will provide againft inward Dan- 
gers!, we ftiall not need to beware of Men, or of any' 
outward Force whatfoever. Let every man beware of 
himfelf, for in this cafe, every man is his own greateft 
Enemy. To draw then to a Conclufion : That fins of 
Thoughts prevail not againft us, our way is by a jea- 
lous care farft to prevent them; and Co this hath the 
greateft part of my Difcourfe hitherto tended. Second- 
ly, if we have (uffered them to gain a little ground 
upon us, let us betimes take the Reins in our own 
Hands and pull them back again, and caft out our Ad- 
vcrfiuy whilft he is yet weak. ToiZvjcu )8 7»V «6>iW au 
4o%fl«, Teiv %ma99 etvl^j^euj faith ' St. Chryfijiom^ filch 
are the Souls of Holy Men : their Recovery is fo quick, 
that they may feem to have rifen before they fell It is 
a great fign offpiritual Life in us, to be quickly fenfi- 
ble of the firft Track and Footing of Sin,. For as Bo-, 
dies of the beft and pureft Complexion have their Sen- 
fesquickeft, fo that Soul which fooneft perceives the firft/ 
^ent of Sin, is of the Divineft Temper. Our Books 
tell us, that Diot^Jius the Tyrant was grofi 




And Davids heart fmte hkA^ ^c. itx^ 

taA .&t, th^t though men thruft Bodkins into him hie 
cocdd not ^erf-ir;- Bclov e di tfagre i s 4i.Sidnfcr Jik^ jii^^ 
iS[Sr mm jl^ ^ D wv id t el ls u » o f 4&a» vAm hr rirfrrthtf 
unto U8 a Sinner, wbefi Heatt it as fat 4s MrannL Th^t 
We fall not thettfore into iigt like i^atxyfjtidfjj^ ^upicU* 
tf an4 Senflefiiefsy our way is to catch thfe jmag Foxet^ 

^l|j0r.ftrenftli#JE!by<* IjFor. islftie i^ 
that touches only at hot Jron^ and Itays not on it, bums 
not his Hand, £>^ fijEftj^k^^jof ^^ Thou^ts harm 
us not J the Harm is, tk by a>nient^ though never fb 

let oF evil ttioughts is a matter impoffible, wmit we 
have thde Hearts of TJ^T'^ lotidatur fd ut ectferit 
cogitare firdidoj ftatitH interficit cogitatOj f^ oBidtt ad ft* 
^rmn^^jfetraJmtem.^Gbf^. iTtottj^n; js jpraifa w <^p ' 
thy^l/whD*jufej^on;a3/40y :ltec)^IW ;^^ any CUld of 

^ilmds jbokn 3n Jss lUMt,! f^^^ay^^lranglp it in 
t^eoBictU, cand^daflm hjn^i^vtbe Hfi^ whlckjj^tock 
ifChrift. %rijhu8#i«fe ..i r r r ' . ' " 



, ^-rr 




■ « . tv 



On John vw. ay. ^ 
Peace / tetve wfto jicu :' My Peace /^ 

imp jM, 

fiis Portkm 6f Sdriptor^ (Moved) oontdnia 
Legiuy^ whk^ ocif Saviour gave to hb Ar 
poiUeSy and in diem to ail that are Ym^ 

when he was about to take fab JLcave ci 

the World The lefs (hall I peed irnxSLj sk> com* 
mend it to yoyr ConHderations, or to take much pains 
m wooing your Attention. The Words (^ ^^w^ Mm, 
though neither the Speeches or the Fli^Hons concern us at 
all, yet they u(ually moveus much, we hear them witb 
a kind of ReligiQii, and we Mer them to take impredi- 
on in us. With what Affe&icm th(rti wotiU this Speech 
deCrve to be heard, delivered bv a Perjiftf the wortbiefi 
among the Sons' of Women, and concermng you near^, 
yea, very near, as near as your own Souls concern ye^ 
as being the Smtiour of them, and now breathing his laft^ 
and (pending the little Remainder of his Breath in gra- 
iiious Prom!^ and Comforts, concerning the whole 
State and Weal of your Souls ? And yet to rafle your 
Attention a little higher : Such things as we are made 
fr^em Pojfcjfors of, though they be of meaner Value, 


A Sermon m John xly. i/. iffd ix^ 

\ft prize highcrthan diiags of better Worth, if we live 

only in ExjieSMim^ if we have only a Promijc of them. 

Now this. ^ inpfl: , excelleitf s^d Gomfbrtable 5mii0ii of 

. our SavicHU', ^ough in it ai^ many fpedal Argument! 

of his Ldvfi^' many Gifis . anH^ • Ugacicf oeftowed on hk 

Churchy Wet were they idmo^all afiyred unto' jiisXie/bf- 

//«r, but by way. of Pwni/ii only this cvctl^iog Oift 

of Peace j ojf wUch alone they iare ma^e the fr^^ Pqp^ 

feffersy thiC as at his eeming^mto the fPbrU^ht proi^ 

\ Peace .wMi him; for at Ixis A'r/A there was Peacf 

throughout the whole World: & nowat his Defarharfi 

he miglit leave ?e4ce.agam unto the Worlds! though. 

after another manner. ^, ^ '• 

And thi^ Order of Di^fmon. ieemsto beohlenred, 

not without peculiar Realbn. .. ft .fcems that all other 

Si^ffings the Apoftles might ^ffit^i^^^^ yo^ that GmA 

[ and Mothcr-hileilingy the miraculous ocxning of the Com^ 

'forterjS[]ky ^id fpr a timc.exfe^ ; liut this ik^gof l^tai^^ 

/ jhey mj^tnoti .they could not want. It is tranldendewC 

to all other. 3kiBng% and reciprocal with a Chriftiait 

Man J It flows eflentyiy from die very (ubftantial Prin^ 

' ciplesof Qur Proifcflion.- Seneca^ tViat fiw foi^ething, iu 

it were, in a Dr^m concembg a Wife Man, touU tcU 

us, iecuritoj frofritm bmum JaPientis y hiWiLT^ ^v\d lolid 

Veace is a 'good appropriated to a ^yJ hian: We that 

know Chriftignity alone tob^ p^9^y Wiflom, know like- 

wife, that once a nue Cbrifiiany then tmly Peaceful^ and 

no true . $*ea^e bpt In the true Chriftiail. Yea^ it h%th 

pleaied'Gbd to char^iS^eriZie htmftlf, his Kingdom, and 

ni^ Servants* by this Term of Peaccy as by a Stamp and 

Seal to be jlcnown by. He itiles himfelf the K^ng ^A 

Bather ^ Peace -^ hjskjr^dom^ t[xc Kingeim of Peace ^ hi$ 

Servants, the Sons of Peace j the Fruits of his Kingdom^ 

Love and Peaccy and fy in the Holy Ghofty the dbitrcb 

therefore antiently, tliat by this, as by a l^aJge^ (he 

might be known whom (he ferved, every where 

Q * throughout 


*t iB A Semm m Tonn jdv. ly. 

thrqughout the pubBck Form of K vmc Semoe, liitcr* 
I^ced this cpmforr^ble mirmer'oiSabii/^iai^ 'l^ei^ %e»&Ji 
you aS. fo«jr fiJoiXSS' 8 ^ff, c^i^ij; rfoiiSft^^ fiih 

'repye^ted at the'i^ifx'^2f4!r/He Went'ro tdebf^^^ 
Memory o^it with the felf fijcn^ iS^^j, '^^^^^^ 
Saviour fiitofelf here ^ies about to^ pmbrm it,, piicc fr 

anon 18 inferted, '^rirrd; %e with jidu^ aid ?tS^^ 15SltKcr 
"^^as the Voice of the (jJhurch only 4e y qj^ 'if 3^^ a ' 

ffeft and ffill Voide, and .her Aflfions l&elmto the 
'l^dsdf^/^, roiigh, VLtxAphi'^!^^^ 
Peacf'y but in * all her 0^^^f}q% flie Ihewdd a (weec 
' aind , peaceable Behaviour. ^ KSfirscctJif^ ft }Uh ^jfhjkt^ 
, .ttUrn beta gnerent^^ a iords] ^'iaith St ^ijfifh Gobd^len, 
; as far as it is poiljble," c\ren wage War iticrcffulfy, '^Ahd 
; St. Hierom pbfery^ that the Qiildrcn of '|^4^iVent :to 
^ht ^11^ feaceable iiearts ; inttr iffoi ^uojite'^idJicstS f^ ^ 

fujiones jfanguinis^ & cadavcra proftraiorumy Hon "^ulm fidpa^ 
€is viScfiam cogitantes^ amidft the Swprds^jstnd jffiood- 
flieed, iand llaughteted Garcafes, hot miiimig their o^^ 
but the Viftory of Peace. 

Oft: times we pro\^e unthankful to the Giver, bebaiiie 

.ye sfeil} not of the Worth of the Gift. Left therefore 

we wrong . our Saviour, bjr undervaluing his ineftimable 

' Gift of Peace^ it is neceflary we look into the Words of 

the will, and fee what ihcy purport, attd know ^e 

Worth of that, wWch b/ them he hath beftowedtipon 

' his Qiurch, Peace I Have wiio youy n^ Peace t^Mtmtiym. 


^gab) w|^t£)eyer w^ ma^f by God, and 410 good. 

is t3bfer?i bpt of God^ Ever/ gciid and^ ferfeft Gift' coAts 
dmifim^ahmi^fircm^ the Father of Lights^ ]&ith St. parties ; 
yet notwithflanduig, Ibme 'things there are, Whitl^ it 
ri<»fetih Wni-p?cu^rl7 tO; ftilc Hjsy It is. a Grant and 
Fivoiu: tlm iw tnu^ fcave inqnted'to/ be called the 
Tilings ofTOoct tiaviog ther^fe &icl Peace, lef^ he 
xmght pe thought jto q^ve beitowecL /ia& 4/iJtfoj &pard^ 
i§ ^ whKK at anb^ Hat^^ h06' he^ 'o\s^ 
t^tiedj a^ well at bis, he adic^^J^ Peace, M^ Peace '^ 'The* 

Peaoeln * Its ampleli llatkude, WofGod/fet it*^^ 
fefuUfCrace^ that of ft^r 'here given to be called H^; 
^e are ^i^rcfbre to note, that it is' one thing to liave, 
f^en^ £^i, another thing to" have Pacem Ibeum^^'the 
Peace tfGod, or Go4 mhich^'is Peace. ' For Ciri/2 himftlf, 
as Ibe is taus mghieoufnefi^ and SanSiflcaiion^ and ^^^Jempj 
iioi^ fo is he foui* jP^4c<r. He therefore that Icnowr 
Cfmrf, Imowswiat the P^r^c^ is that is here ffiven.. ' 
, Tf^ir^ly, as »l good ^(Jifts are^bf God, I9 is he the 
f^iper of tjpem a|} ; yet fomewhat there is, tfee Dohatim 
whereof KeJ& appropriates to himlelf, thkt '|ie takes td 
Jxm^ fl Tide. to" be the Giver of them. ■' Silver ani 
Q^ is fi^ncf l^ith t}i-P Lord by . the Prophet Hagge^^ 
ye^ ^f^ypjM by no means accept or the Spoil at 
hf ]ti^(js pf^'tfaie King of $odom': Why ? Left* lairh he, 
j^ iho^ld ^y, f ^4Vf fnricbed Ahraham. Some things 
are fc giv^py CJodi' that Men ^lU claim li^tb theiti^ 
i^ra a* fttrt in tjie A<ft of giyipg • Abrdhofh ^as very 
j$ialo|i}s of t|ii^ te iuffers pone t:o part Stakes with God. 
As wj? j^^4^ idbq^i^ io is phr^ Ik^ fomei^ 

jp«K«r or great ^veent^e^ upra ^onpeit of the Churcbii <%/ • . 
Vf^> ua^cr Jus Govemn^ 
fammitifi^ or ric6 £iMfo/spw«/jr "^ bellowed lipori tfe 

tjo ji Sermon m John xi7. 17. 

* » « 

C^Ufch, ffapuld boafl: and (ay, J &cDe j^ivrn feace unfq 
the Church j Qirift tells us, that the Peace that rcfts 
upon h»s Diteij^ H? leaves, He gives: Peace tteave^ 
my Pcstcc I give. 

Fourthly, I told you what hitherto Chrift had riven 
tphis Church, was but by! way offrmifi ; Left there- 
fore he might feem to leflcn his Credit by large Promifis^ 
he tells them, this Gift, of Peace they ftopd already fojt 
tefsd of, he now left it with them ; MxA yet further, 
left they might imagine, that th«v were rather made 
IJeepcr?. of>hatwasano^erMans, than Poffeflbrs of 
what was their own, he adds. My Peace I givie unto 
yw^ he makes them Lords of it, he gives them an 4^ 
Ime Profrieff and Intereft in it. 

Laft of all, he hath fiattereJ and given to the Poor, 
(^ith the Pjilmift, tcrwf'mm'' he hath widi a Royal kind 
of Negligence, and Heedlelhe£, thrown about^ - catch 
who can J like Princes^ who on Ibme Solemnities, afi 
fdoney among the People, without care who take it up ; 
he makes his Sun to rife upon the Good and Bad, and 
rainsupon the Juft and Unjuft ; ^am multi funt indigni 
luce^ iajfh Seneca ^ & tamen dies oriiur ? HoWMnany Men 
are icbcre, tlut deferye not fo much as the Benefit of 
common Light^ ai^d yet the D^ damns on them ? Thus in* 
deed it fajfcs in thele outward and more generd Benefits 

of God ; l)€o forum cur£ de his frihisendis^ qita etihn bo^ 
Jhbus tribuity faich Martin Luther ; God (eems to have 
but little icare in beftowing tliofe Benef5%' %f which his 
Enenjies arc Partakers, as well as his Fifcnds/ - But here 
\t is no^ fo, that great tlood of liberality here rcceivcth 
an Ebb J anfl is funded with certalh Banks. : In bellow^ 
Iflg of this grpat Gift of Peace he hatl^ given his Arm a 
Check, anofccms to be very' ichipulbus and careful 
where it lights: IcUfin^let outhi8'Jbi5f;//« butbf all the 
World, ipitb tbemht makes his' everlafting Covenant of 
Peace. Peace, feidi hie, 1 Icaive unto >«, my Peace I 

, give 



five unto ym. So dieiv out of this Paraphraie whicli . 
hava made on thele Words, it appears there are tbree 
Points principally confiderable in them. 
Firft, the Gifi^ Peace^ My Peace. 
Secondly^ theGiw, /leave, /give, 
Thirdly, the Subjea on whom &e Gift is beflow- 

To (peak of thefethrec, o( Peace^ of Cbrift^ of the 
Churdf^ in their Latitude^ were a matter infinite, we 
mud therefore think of then^ with ^ mutual Relation 
of e^ch: to other ; and fe oqcuqeive of Chrift as the Girer 
of Pf4^, an^ Ip of the Ic AwrcA as of the Subjeft of P^^c^ , 
and fb of Peaice^ as of the Gift . of tlprifly and an Ami- 
hae cf the Church. . To tljefe three t'oints arifing dirofi- 
ly out of the Words, there may \^ added certain other 
very worthy your Confidgrationj ariCng out of the 
manner of delivery of them.. - , * ■ 

'^Firft,* the Certainty of this Proralfe ; doubtlcfii' though 
Ffeavenaxid Earth fli^e, though Men and Devils rage, 
and . the Mountains be caft bto the Sea; yet to the 
Chttrcby and every Member thereof, T»[herefoever abid- 
ing, there is given, left, and remains P^4cr* And tlus I 
gather outof th^^s(^//K{|; of the Words, Peace tkave^tny 
Peace I givei For as Tfofefh tells PJjaraoh^ petip iH And 
for that jthe Dream it doubled uttto Pharaoh' mlcCj it is 
becaufe the tUtig is eftabli/hed by God, aind God wUl 
ftrely bring it to pafi ; Co may we lay of thcfe Words, 
th^y are ^ftfied to his Difcifks^ becauie the {thing is eftor 
klijhcd fyiSoij vpA certainly with his Qburch is Peace jw 
fvermore. .- , 

Secondly^ die iHcomnmicability if tbit Peace^ with 
piany out ot his Church ; I tokl you, th!$ was^a Legacy ; 
of it therefore turn partake, but fi^ch as aie Jp^fiedsn 
the TV$IL , Here are none mentioned by the Teftaicr^ but 
fiich as were fialedby him for liis ow? : yudas, fiith the 
S was^one from them. To that part of die 

i^i A Senho9i m fohh i^. 17. 

' Churei} iS^i^ort^ tioi whUh Sifie^ hit whi^iM feANWj 
U this 6ld)ifig of ^eace^ bf right of |AhH^taflit:d( flfri^ 

Butarethelethihgsfoa^wehsreefiid? & iii ii( Afiatter 
pf io intofOTifidMi certaifif/^ib^ CMfl hH^ lift Peace 
unto his Chmb'^ tliat It S^d^ llmofl ItAdiSkf t^y doubt 
of it? Surely, \ivip look not narrowly into it, tK^fhifl 
rather thmk Pwcr, which We mkA tk Chkrcbei P^ar^ 
to have been an utter Stf adgef onto hb". '^Thte^ J|;^%^ 
ii/w I?/ GentHi/mj how tiad fliiy fhtir fee^Jttga, ttJ^ 
rrogrc(^, without Opp6(ifi6n, tto Dilpiite^ hb QJfttcii* 
tion$ ? Scarce anv thing bf ^otlh, fot ft niitfy AbtifiiHl 
years the Worlcl lived undei- it, dofte for, orin prfetcix* 
pf Religion! feutno loohert<ras CbfiftiiH ^^^mcoit^ 
to die BinK, but ftreight it ifH attended B|? diit ^Tett 
Z)ri*^fl« in th4 WildemeG, JpcMng out itrhotk fe4s tf D(fr 
fintiom to overwhelm it. 1116 Afoftks thfemfelveia, a^ 
with one hand they fowed the Seed of the Word, fo 
were they oonftrairied with thfe Other to phudc up an4 
weed out tisrcjies arifing with k. So venturous w^s flie 
rhvious Man, not only whilft ^th peft (for the Afoftb/i 
)ffttQ no Sl^spers) tut whilft they were In Aft; and 
Sweaty to intcripcrfe his Tares With Ood-s good Stcd. 
Thejeipijh Ceremonies^ a ftailt of'feods own plaftting, 
fcems fcarcely to have \)een acquainted widi tt : GtAf 
throughout thaVStoiy,,' of whicli hijtailelf was the J^* 
;;74», rcgiftring no oi?e A& of any Conf^tion cohccmm^ 
.f he intejrorctati ot ihb ^Law ; yfei ifteWtol, when 
jfohie 'Diifentions liad crept m, thiey ■ feefln'td tiaVe been df 
an inferior Pfjierj^ and never tp have broken otit to>my 
'rcmarkablp liicoiiveilience. "feiit ifi thfe Churdha llfory^ 

lldt In large .i&H- 

___^^_.__ .™_. _™. ,. ^ing aHmbft ftdthJifig 

dfebut dhl7i$x'e/d(n'fr(k^^ y/hlch wlt(|!h they Vere 

^ jutlcaft, ctcaTidned^eat Schi/mand'ferits^h the GhurtJh, 

Wid afieVwars receiving Strength, %ic^ li^rthtb^fWher 


tfatfH bout,; thoj^ Ckrifiimj9 ^rce c\rer lEelt uiiider tb^, 
I'bfKl:;of P^iiwe^:. nopxr in our Age they, hav^eolorc^ 
the. : imdmg 9Sm4ef,ii£ great Piraviqces^ and m^hity 
KtagdoiBs^ w^ymsf^ bo^ as fi^- ^ ^um^ Re^n 
reacheeb ifb <^ ,ev«r bekg re-unltcd^ Ag|ii^ If ifire 
laok ktti> Pe4«f^ a^i d!ie ^rld efiem k, t^t i% tD d^ 
cj^tai Fra^el^5 fo the good and Ci^ril ^CoFre(pqa* 
dcaee ivbk^ is bes^ixt }Am and Mafip- jf v^e oa^dsx 
what part die C^^i^ hdtb h^ ifi tbu h^ f^e, for 
iome fauftdrei of ycai$, ^as trulj^ ^r^efent^ it| h&t 
great Chamj^ % Ath^iBafius^ ot whpm it was ^add, 
,^ijilfc0»ll£^ ^4«i# 4//./^ ;»VA^ ^afltb^mrlJ^, 
gutfi St. fAAmifinUf She wasftnc forth inp the Worid 
vith no other Ht^ W of tb^ WaHii Bftred \ widb 
Qoisd^ar Iioc than p0^^ v;d ^itfimm c (b little Claiin 
(eems {be to have to. S^^uUr £4/2, and oimard State^ 
which by moft is teilned die Church^ $ Pioce^ much le£ to 
i^ifTXi and 0^9 and Prmnct^j and yrhole Ssit^dmm^ 
^idi b^ foqe fure aount^d ' the Chucks Batrir 

Toelear thde thiD|^ and iirll, to remove the Scan^^ 
ddoi BeebfiifiiDd I^^nhMSy give mele^veto coounend 
Wto yon $00 fiirik Kotes^ wbidi ^your ieives you; 
fliu^ osaffly him obfer^e^. Fii^ it liuth evqr {bcea 
tbe V^niOUk of tiie Devit to bend bi$ nqanifeil Ai^e^^^K 
a^d 'Chief Fonoes <igs^ ihat, which Gpd hath wid^ 
9Bift ^AfciiSnefi and ievQrity fCqmnunded to be kept : 
Whence it fxmes tto-pafs, that <what we areefpecla^Uy 
j^nmwid^ (o.iohfef^y ki that we vfually ihew ,qui; 
ietv^ Woft iftequenc niid -potoripi^ T^wTgrdW* When 
Ace ltx)rd.>Rf!astto<ibuiib!hi<nlelf a People put of the whole 
Worid^ iiabituatiedin ILhhn^ thi^/gceateil: care was jto 
Weam th/tm ?fieom -Ihe ^s 9f tk^ ^mm : His Com; 
miuidiiients tfaefefo^ to the ^Shm^ ^od alnntojl .all the 

' op 

■I . 


on Ais Pointy to beware of $he Gods cf the HtaibeH 
whence they Were taken. Yet iiidi a ftrange bewitdi-' 
ing Madnds poflefi'd them, diat eVen almoft in die 
f^t of the Sea, that had ^ven way unto them; when, 
the Cr)' of the dix>wn*d Egmians was Icaroe out dF their 
Ear$) they fell to. £&//. Aherward what hreatUng time . 
had they ^m Pl^es tad Calamties^ into vrhxh^ foft 
this Crime J if not altogether, yet chiefly they feQ, 
wherein they did not (hugely rdaffe ? WUdk of their •- 
jKit^s had his Heart right before God ? Solamm' him* 
IHf, who had he not kndwn^ God, yet by that Light lie 
had q£ Moral and Natural Wi0om, could not diufe 
but iee the Folly of it, muft needs to his other escorfal- 
tant Lufts add this, AJuheiy mitb Suck: ^ Stones 2 JBiit 
when long Eicperience had taught the World its Error, 
and the abfurd Legends of their Gods their lying Maraaks^ 
and their balth^ Oracles^ became fo patpaUe ; that the 
Learned writ in Scorn of them, and thb Unlearned fiif- 
ficlcntly defirried ' them, Chrifi, hy his Aptfiles bebg to 
lay the Ground of Cbrifiianity^ leems to have diought it 
a matter (uperfluous to fpepd many precepts in bciting 
down Idolatry^ a thbg of it felf now ready to fall. Nei- 
ther was there in the Church's Increase ever feared a vo- 
luntary Relapfe unto Pagamfin : few men being £> iim* 
pie, but though they had not the Gcace to imbi^ce 
Chrift, thiey hd the Wit to lee, as good do 16, as>/- 
io/p Idfils I And among all the Ctriftisn Emferours^ there 
is but one alone hath fallen into ^ Qrime ^ Afifiaey^ 
and is known by that Name. Qirift ghres Ab-efiMre a 
new and a great Commandmdit of Lovf , of Peace ' and 
XJnity. This he makes the Charaaer of «/, By this, 
ftith he, fhall Men know that ye are my Difeifles • This 
he and his ApofHes every where beat on, and therefore 
by his Apoftle St. Pdtdy he calls the Meilage which he 
lent by him, T^ Goffel of Peace^ as being die chiefeft 
Argument of his Embailage, yea, t^ wh(^e Sum of thi$ 


Pesce 1 have tmt9 yoiij tic. %i^ 

Law ." Lwc wh&li is fo'tnucb (poken of, and an intB vi- 
dua!' Companion iX Tdith^ being txXhtr Peace if fiff^ or 
the Bminenc^VLnd PerjfifFHon rf Peace. Na marvel then, 
if that ancient Bnemj of tile Church j Peace hath pullM Cr 
vcryiCable, tiled all Occafipns, let all his Engmes and 
Iflftruihents awork, to in&inge the ^iepi^fi andVnim 
4f the Churchj cfpedally in the Mimjhy, who as they arc 
the Charcb (f the Churchy fo is their Peace the very Bond 
and Seal of all Vnien in the Chwchi Much might I lay, 
partly reproving partly |5ewailing Bcclefiaftical Diffenti- 
ens : but neither Were it fitting to my Auditory, not 
profitable for the Times, they being lb, as an Ancient 
'Ipake of his own, In quibus nee intia nojha fasi foffimuu^ nee 
remeJia ; in which we can endure neither our Vices, . 
nor their Remedies. Only thus much (hall be added 
by way of advifeunto tne Laity ^ It (hall little avail 
them to urge thefe things agaiffi ut : The light of the 
Truth fhines too clear, The Way of Life is foo plain 
for them to daim any Priviledge, or plead any Excufe 
from our Diflentions: The Voice which came to 
Si^AuJiin^ TolUj lege^ comes likewife to every one of 
"thejtii, XiV ^f ^^ ^f^i Open your Books, arid look 
'on that which k bfefor6 ybur Eyes; and there needs no 
-more'ado. It was never die Intent pf the Holy Ghofi^ to 
lOake it ^ matter of TV$t and Suhtilty^ to know how to 
b^-favcdf Bring" me a &?«/, not. one deeply Icarn'd, 
'fliatp^ atfd fiibtil, Sed jfimplicemj rudem^ (S imfolitam^ (^ 
'MaltffH'baht!, qui eani filam habet^ zs TertuJiian fp&iktj a 
*dull,' a filly, an tidletter^d one, and ftch an one as that 
Man hath, that hath nothing elfe but his Soul to' witnels 
"Wni to'be a Man, aiid even this Ihall with eafe appre- 
* hehd what is ncceflary to &ve him. * 

The fecctad thing I would wifli you to obferve. Is 
■ this, Tbat there is a great Error in many Men, who 
; guidihg their Eye by what they fie tfthe Churchy if they 
flelay^a Dchige, or Darknefi, or'Confufion in her, 
■ * ' ^ ftreight 

kfn :• Whereas every. GhrUlip NJ^ ^ pouadt evlp 
Acm^ft of Winds, an^Stonm, an4 *]j[oti^^ 
ogupt ^ith tiimlel^' diat ootyi^ithftai^^ ^ fttll me 

Chrift, tD l)e,9fbis Fold; appfUer of JBii>4 W^i^^ 
we |)?licve daat God dpidWcfi hatbf ^^4 ^?(P ^?? ^ 
th^ Worlds ends a ^^ and chofcp p)Q^F^ 
HP for d^ pay of Rod«B?«K?n, iuA ag never d,^^ 

Ij Qiiicarry, pij: \^ tato ^t of his JH^um 

}ivm;timc$i« prpg Piivcbe5, yea, even to feo- 
9^ahni. ofnts '; and this is u we (en;Q w viuU^ 

Oiurcb. The feomd c^on^ipfefiends ofly 
the Numt>er of hk EleSf. Now ^ tho& k1qik)Us Sji^ 
ch^, ^^d gmciou? Prom^^ 

jjqi Scnprur^ are bdongmgto none tfut this, <m mis a* 
l^e, ^ pn evoy Memisor thereof, whfreic^^^^^ 
iwd^ die Rpof of Iieave% truly rebdes thai gw^^y? 
PromJfc of Pe4Cf , cyen ^^^^^^^ 

It jls a frdtlefi )L^ur for an^ toihlnktiQ m^ 

* good to the Bjf of Experience^ thole glorjo^ Wo^ m 
Scripture fpckea of this Ci&Arci&. jpod* bath not . a^* 
iquabted any Man & far with l^er, as to defcry thys 
much : ^either could this b& unleis the t^erlbns were 
definitely known. And thos is an Attribute of G^ 
lerv^d to him alone, to jj;^ mba ^rfhif. Though no 
man t^refq^jre ([now any thifig at aU cxmcmung this 
Cb^cby it matters not: The Fo\mda^cui oT (^ fijll 
ftands lure, notwithftandb^ thist ,1^ of the Chi^ 

Peace t M^ huo ^m^ Ikd i%f 

^hurciesj Pf^e 0ms yiuit Cbureb tefire: Lutlter rd/i^ m 
S^^owotb Is cl^ impertin^t \ t^e Labours of Mte^ 
to^id-Mi^e ^brie abdat to in^e it gpod, arid ^toVc a 
bf 'ifiic Chriftiails, fitre drtly to ftop "tbp 

'^ tt»t1s\ieoe£&i7 to be t^ed iti't]^(k1g^ 

fs lioifattig (9fi but mj rbktme'hM lenif^^ 
T^siims'a ')>ehiAuJ moefpin ^ tie Mmyih )^iy^ 

dieii . ' reihams Vei^ 'mA Iwaetate iflito 'tKe.lVoiia, 
^tid Ifefflt^iia 'But thi$ ihdte8%thitigi(o fte iHife 
Succcflidh 6f tfie'^fSr'&flt ixfefte tiotTM"dIclal% 
%d'^mh W Cto, Sf aiij 't>;tiwre Htiiiefiiafe it, 
^8ukb^^^ e^Vi^' JKl^^, ever iice^ tHie AksW^ 
m^^ ^of thfel^^iber k'&c -£/is, i^ 

*fiilef^g the wdight of ^e idmfier^s CMih^y and dklr 
tkdaidsini3tdctldhglt,'&cri«^d^^^ Y 

;Af ^©[?efi)re no'A^ oujght to 1)6 dilcborA^ in tKde 
"toicdrcaihties and Cofttdifions, folet rib Man flatter him- 
^glf m his biiiwaf d CSinfoririity, irid plaiifiWe CbrreQxJri- 
^<!d)Ce iw>& thethUrciis Cmfii^miom\,i%^'^\i& might up- 
on Cotifcieface of diiSj'lecuraj jprdnoxihta himtelfpbf- 
^fel3*d of the P*4c<r here j^iven to the Chiirbh. Whfen % 
'Itius 'out^^ard Jhiwof Siaie {ix3!!L be gone off' the Stagey 
/it rbay * peiadventure brbVe for the g6od only of IbSe 
^few uni^aed, Urithought of Souls, who hadidft 
;p4rt ' in dU '^is Mask. ' For that fkfls * out oft dmts' bb- 
jtV(^«t God's . iriteritj arid Man's Cbmmcrits, Vhich the 
;Wke«/?^ii« fobetiniWoblerved to* have' bten dleCbri* 
""ieit' of his Tiih'es, 'coficethhlg Claudius the Emperour, 
^'^iffe fama^'j^y vefteta^one^^ ^^^ Mhcs ieftikabW^^ 
* mnpcrio^ fuam ^umJUt&iim^ p'Jt^tfm fi^ in dbc^td ie^ 

^fdat : ' bjri!he^d)tniri6n Voice,' Hope, bbfcqoious CMi- 
"^iig/tdl'iiij&r etfery csie w^ idcftiA'd to the Empri ht£o):c 








"-^ Ql 

-*^ ^^ Jl^-* Jsl^ by J^ the 
-<» V ^ ^ •-* * JSteT ^ ^/fwTf^' «s if 

'^ .^ 

•^ "^if^ 


look iijuto die Jems CemtnoiHfieabif^mi coaMcr the Lee* 
ter of M^/sLaw, tfaey may leeiii nbfionly to havea di- 
t^V^xmii& o( TeniforM Felidt;^ but of no odier lave 
that. For in ^le Law God »ves to Jm^/ die Di^enfa* 
donpfnp other bat TemporS Ble0SDj8:8 and Curfingyxa 
die X3pf},x£ Leviticus f and the xxvSj. of Anfmrnny j 
wjiere God feems to ftiive witfi all poffiUe efEcacjr, to 
exprefi himielf lb both kindsy there is not a Line con^ 
taming that which flxniid betide them at their ehds : 
^ their fVeal^ all their ff'o^ (cem'd to expi;re with dieitr 
Lfvei.' Wh^ lei^e they had oifiitme l^marJs^ or with* 
what oonceit ^y pafled away to hnnmtalitif^ I lift not 
to diijpute. Tms (ufiices to ihew, that there is a main 
^difference in the Herpes of the Chrcb before and fince 
^Quift, oonoemmg outward Projfperity \ as for Qirifti- 
;an% to them fMi^^K 7» ^jcc^/^urm nt^Mnmt^ faith 
Sl <:hy^9m^ they have greater and harder Races to 
run, greater Prizes to take in hand, than our Fathers 
before Chrifl. The Church was then in her Youdi, 
ihe ^as to be led by.Senfe as a Child : we are come to 
the Age of perfe^ Men m Chrift. That the Church 
therefore might, not deceieve her ielf with this outward 
Peace, which is but a fettce ^ Omamenfj he ftrips her, 
^ as it were, of her borrowed Beautv, and walhes off her 
fucus^ gives her no Intereft h the World, fends her fordi 
into a ftrange Land as he diit Abraham^ nor having poP 
ieflion of a Foot ; and which h yet more, not having (b 
much as a Promife of any, which yet Abraham had If 
Ckrift and his Aftfiks teach, as fbmetimes they do, Seck^ 
yt firft the K^dom qf Heaven^ and the HighteeufiMfi tbere^ 
ef, and thtfi thh^s /ball be ca^ in ufon ym. That Godli^ 
wfs bath the Prwnife both of this Ltfey and of the Life to 

ceme j It is not preiently to be conceived, that tytry 
true Chnflian Man (hall doubdeis come m, and thrive in 
fhe fVorU. That which they teach is no more but this, 
That we ought not to de^r of the Prmdence of God ; 



11.6 if 1Sef0aH m Jdfet 3^r. -t 7. 

for look Wh^t% fliB Rettrard arti! iPi^tiDn ^f ¥iei««f 

(tall it M^c in 'dllr^ftktis^ te^Gdbdiiefi 'ftaif thm 
BielikeA^fDbatbd^ (teh-^M^^I%tiies'flld^^ 

foixieiiiiu» It ^tkWka t^ 'if^ffinifiSc,^^ ^im die 


inthe ]R^ "as wdl i^.t^'^Cihiffiian. %t'<)ie #H&# 

S/. Matthew^ 'Whetc'(3irift *tMtt^ USy'Tbftt 'rfo'«vMAL 
'Q^tedp'M ft^efs^e'BMrA^ tl^'We ditecttwas^^ la- 
tent dfxKet»^'(%?^am^1ce<M^i^ 
to'endb^ than^^h TcrritoHes and laljeDortiWans^? 
^hat.Wtu^hli^/T^ches t^ ttOfldLeSoQ, ludi 

as co&m^ ke^fen arid Bx[>^ftoce eofifirm^ That 

%efe In the'Mi^ ijifim^^WM vw<)ftgisd^by w, by 
^beiHg (Irawn to bur^varBdusrCbilc^ atkl^d^^ 

*halt, 'if ©ttietfnie .i*/^Jifcffe^vrW^fc(H^i«r 

'to cdmm'end ' Unto Jrou One ^ Rtrief fofthd fote^pwtaliob 
•i>f item, Which will giveihurficiafe'to^uaftible-Mlikk > 

'i& tJ^iy Qbbft'^irO^£generiit'PrafoJk^ in^hings^^JUbjea 
td'tarieiy dful ^niaH C^^ties^ istrh'uJiderfloodfvr^ 
iruth 'of tbenty a/ far as rbef things thetafehes-itre xajhAkkf 
iriithj and acddrdimg fo^^fhe tmaifay ^f'^tbem. "l^ifcre aJr 

/ toany PMpofitipm fifttoM ttteti^vpi'i^aiurai thhgs^i^Eftr'' 

^haltru^hj no Ittftailce itrfthcr ^)f Time nor Pd-fon cto 

'be brought* to diforovethem, ourtlaily Expe i 'lencei cv a-- 
Jriorc finds tbebi lb. TRiercMV ^ fecottdOrferbf thinga 

* crested hy G(^'hMAi^ix\>^^ 

^foftidtiifies are not at ^, tod being prbdttccd, owe their 
^ing foih^dmcs to^'dne catife, Ibmetimes to another, the 
efficacy 'of the Catrfe no way behig idctermiaed^ to this 

feffeil,* but of it ' felf ftldiflercnt to produce- it or 'tiof. 

^ The managihl;' of aflfairs, whether in * pabfick of Goiik 


tim;^^ la privafs <^ wy Man's pardcular ftate 
^ Cj^ilU^gi Moral Rul^ of Behaviour and Carrk^ej 
}rc4^ all £e ^ngs that are Ipoken condeming theTeni- 
poul wqil or ^oe of a£ibm good or bad, diev are all 
hnoiged iti ^ ^cood Order. Now in all the^ things 
h js iotpoffible there (houild be proportions made 
qf i^i^foidaUe certainty. If the Rules and Ob- 
tamiiffa ^wn from out direction, utflurwmmy uiu- 
fUy ai^d in the ordinary courie of events, hold currant, 
k ^ ^vni(^ to tnake the^i Maxims of Truth ; it mat- 
tery pot though at iooie time, upon fonie occafions, in 
feme per(qa, they (ail. Now from the condition of 
tl^ie t\iin^ t^ propoi^ons made by the Holy Ghofi: 
l^^lf^ aje tgr their Author not exempted. In the 
^i € ^b$ f^htkrh, the Holy Ghoft hath Reg^*ftred 
Sifii ibre of lyfeial Wiidoih, and precepts of Car* 
rii^ in tinqpoial matters, that all the wiidoni of thi 
tie^tijfiih, inofl: reinowtied for Morality, come far (hort 
^ jf. lihpfe Precepts, though with us they have, as 
l^f^ (Hey ouglt to ha:^Cf much more credibility^ a^ 
4<diiv^iej Untp uf t^y 39 Audpior of Kurer ob&rvadon^ 
to^ fSf^S^x^^ |rqm all po^Shility of error ; yec notwitb- 
w^^gf i^ ^^F^^ <>^ ^ thipgs themlelve^ fhey arr 
^ ^ l^e certaioty, of the mm degree of Trutl^ 
W}^ we 4nd tjhem ip the Witjtings of £e(e famous Eth« 
iujck% whotn it fi^eaied the holy Spirit to endue with M^ 
tural Wifdonif and Moral DUqretbn, whidi they hat^e^ 
phsa vre tf^ them Regiftred in the Qracles of God, 
fpd the ](ame upcqt^^y Ixave they ifi regard of fbme 
pfUr^cjiI^ yrhga they, hp ipokoi by Solomon, which 
ihey i^yt0 when they are uttered by PidtQ or Eurifidcs 
foliifio^ fxiucb inVeigl^th aga^ the folly of Suretijhip j; 
jiras it 4iere£?re i^ever heazxl of^ that ^ Wife Man was 
Surety for hfi^ Neigb|bQur,with good fudceifs ? Julius Cafyr^ 
Jxrhen (ie thought to have liphdd his Eftate through 
f4i(r^ fx4qi^^ i IS it ay»e^ fallej 


a4t A Sermon on]ohti'xiV.l'/. ' 

which iolomon teacheth^ that Mercy uphldeth the Throne 
of the Kjng^ He knew well, and his Son had dear ex- 
perlmce of it, that the Peoples hearts are won and 
kefH by,miJd and merciful dealing, rather theaby rough 
and tyrannous proceedings : y^ he could not be ignorant, 
that even Kings (onietitnes reap'Mifchief, and Defeth' 
there, where they have plentifully lowed .Love and 

, Mercy. Thus then,, and no drherwile, are We*to un-* 
derftand the Holy Ghoft Preaching unto us the reward 
of the' tneck^lftritcd^ and the p-omifcs . of this life to the 
Godly. For we are not to fiippofe, that God in his or- 
dinary proceedings concerning bis Ele6J:, exempts things 
from that mutability and change, to whfch he 
mjide thertx fubjed in tjie day/of their Creation. Ail 
tlnvgscome a!ik$ toail, ( feith the Wife Mah^ Ther^ is 
one event to the H^ghteous^ and to the Wick§ijto the Ckany 
andVnclcahj to him that Sacrificethy and to him that Sar 
crjficcth not. As is the good^ fo is the finner^ and he phot 

fwcarcth^ as he that feareth ari Oath, Which Speech is 
true, integard of thofe human cafiialties, from which 
the goodChriftian is ncr more Exempted than the honeft 
Pagan. But it is a Maxim of eternal Truth,' and the 
joynt Confpiracy of Heaven and Hell fliall never be 
"able to infringie it, That all things work^ fir the good ef. 
them that fear God^ Though fometime the riieek-lpiri- 
ted men be turned out of Houfe and Home, and the 
p-odly Man' have not a place 'whereon to reft his head. 
By thk then It appears, that the Title of Chriftian Men 
unto temporal bleflings, is not out of any Diviner Right, 
giving undoubted aflurance, but only of common equi^ 
ty and congruity, by which it pleafeth God ufiially to 
Crown honelt Counfels with good fiiccefi.. As theti 
this claim is. uncertain, S) hath not the defireof Chrr- 
ftians to intermeddle with fecular bulinefi been fcanda* 
lou«topur Profeflion? y«//4w the Emperor, iii an- Epi- 

'"Itle df^hiS to the Bofirenfcs^ -taxing certain Seditious 


I feac€ i lc4ve wiib joUy §rc 143^' 

Chrlftians, tells thebi dire£Hy, thaft thier tumult fpranjj 
not -oiit of ariy probable realbn, but meerly, ^77 Jixi^, 

, iiei^i^ai K?^f'i( t^ 7aifmiA*)^ti T^^niiHv/ But only 
becaufe he had "made it unlawful for them to fit as 
Judges betWeeiT Mail and Man,' to interfdfi tbemfdves in 
9hmers ofJVitlsy to Interpret otHer Mens poflcffiohs to 
their own^ ufcs, to hiake 'dJvifion 'of ill things uhtoT 
theiiiOlves V That ^ much of ^ this miglit be probhble, I 
w411 not cafily deny. ' He that ftiatl look info the ABi 
df QiriiSdtiv&, as they are recorded by more indifferent 

, Writers, fliifl eafily perceive; that aH that wete Chri- 
ftian^ were! not Saints.. ' But this is the Teftimony oPart 
Eneitiy.- Yea, but tiavenot our Friends taken ^ti^' the 
feme complaint ? Doubtlefi if it Had been the VoTce and 
approbatidn of the Bridegroom, that Secular' State and 
Authority hadMonged tothff*C/&wrffA, either br'diicoi* 
of'ticceflity, die friendJ of- the Bridegroom lit^ring itj 
-Tt^duld have rejdj^ccd at it/* but it is fdund Sie/ have 
touch iorro^ed'tit it. ' St iSZ&ry-mUchofferrded-^^rah'thc 
OfSnioft, thatcycn Orthodox St/hofs of his tiifc h^ ta^ 
ken up, that it was ^^can^rkry'tieceffary far the Church 
to lajf hold oh the teniporal 6[«W, Inra Tfaft of Tiisagainft 
jfiuxentius the Arrian Bifliop of Mllain^ thus plaiAly be- 
(peaks thetn^ Ac frimuni mifii'dri libet noftra atatis' labo^ 
fthi, Ahd fiffl of alt y I muft needs pty the labour of tur Age^ 
md bewail the fohd Opinioni of the frcfent tirhes^ by tphich 
Menjufpofi ^the arm 'of Flejk can mu<fh advantage Cod^ a>jd 
prive to defend^ b/ fecular ambition^ the Church tf Chrifi, 
i befieckjouj HtJhopSy ydu that tak^pur fehesfo to be^ ivhojt 
Authotitjf in frkachmg of the Gcfpel did the Apojiles vfe} By. 
^ht help of what powers preached they Chrtfl^ and turned at-- 
meft all Nationi from Idols to God} Hook, theyrmto themfihes 
an) honowr out (f Ptinctt Palates^ who after their flripes^ 4- 
MHJl their Chain's in Prifin, fun^ Praifes onto God} Did 
St. ^vi; t^hen he' was made a fpeffacle in the Theatrey fum^ 

R a mm 


mm tcgnher fiji Clwrches rf Cbr^ kf the Ed$84 amt ff^iti 
cf Kjngf ? ^Tis Uyy be had fh fifo CanJuB jof ^fcra, or 
Vdp^an, w Dedu% fhrH%h' wkfe haft mn tis, $he Qefh 
fejjtm of the Faifb grew vmp fawUi. Tbfi men wh^ mmkf 
tained t}>efn(eives with their oum bands and Mnifirfj mbjfe 
^folcmn Meetingj mere in Parlors and ficref Clq/its'j 
who travelled tbrot^b Villages and Tjowns^ and vhk Ce$»* 
tries by Sea and Land^ /njjute of the FreUbieitn ef l^jngi 
and Councils I ^Tis to be tiiugbsL tha^ theje hful the t^ if 
ty JQ^^dqm of Heaven, Did not th power of Gpd fiiffd* 
cntly mauifvji it felf above Mans lyate^ wl^cn ly jo nmcb 
the more Chrift was Preachedy by how nrneb Jse was forbidden 
to be taught, Bitt now^ which n a grief to thinly dsifl and 
eartl^^.apfrJfation gives countenattce to the Sncred Faids. 
TVijilft n^e^ns are made to 0is ambitions Titles tjo the name 
of CJjriJl, Chrift hath I Icfi she refotatian tf felffi^ficien^/ 
The Ci^fcrek now terrifies with Exik^ and Prifofts^ mdcofh 
ftrainsmen fobelieve her^ tohp tpias wont tp findna flaeebno 
in Prifons 'and Banijhm^ns^ She dtfends ufan the good acce^ 
tation^tf.ber Fa^urites^ mho ttms mono to h baUmodin tim 
fiar of her Perficutors j Shf pow futs ftiefis $9 fi^ht^ who 
st^as forrnerij frof^^atedby FssgisiixePri^s.^gfaries thasfloo 
is beloved of the JVorld^ whp ctmld never have been Cbrifi\ 
except the World had hated bey. Wbat (hall we anlwer 
to this complakit? Our Eoecoies are zpt to traduce the 
good tbmgs in us, our Friends to flatter our Vice and 
tmbecillity : But when our Friends ai^d Enemies do both 
joyntfy conlent to lay open our Ihame, xo wbofe judg* 
ment (hall we appeal, or whether ihaU we flie ? Whe- 
ther ? eren to thee, O I-ord Chrift, but not as to a 
Judge; too well we know thy Sentence. TboU haft lent 
us Meflengers of Peaces nut we, lik<5 Hierufalenh thjr 
ancient Love, have not underftood the tlungs beloog* 
ing to our Peace. O Lord, let us know them lo this 
our day, and let them no longer be hidden firom our 

eyes. Lgk^ io^ O juord, upon |by poor DUoaem'- 


Peace I k«ve unto you^ &c* x^f 

bred Chur^ rent and torn with dlTcords, and even 
ready fe fflifc Why ft oulj die l^u nd^ or Athcift any 
longer oonfirmlxunfelf m Bis tff^gtcsiby r^dbns^ drswn 
from our Diflentions ? Or why (hould any greedy mind- 
ed «WofWa^||)|**y nrrt^ j?i^lf^. ^ Rwi^s of , thy 

^uiftuary^ or nope'one day fo dip Kis foot in dt^e -bfood 
of thy Qiurch? We will hope, O Lord^ [ for what 
Iilndefs ;7 &at nofWiChftahding att ftppofed impoffibili- 
ties, thou wilt pne day. mMerpyJiQok down upon thy 
Sfon, and grant a gmcidus intervi^v of friends j[c> Ipng 
divided Thouj^hat wroughteft tb^ Gxeat f^conciliatim 
b|tw^ Gqiiandf Mai^y istl^ine Arm waxen (horter? 
wU it pjofliUe to recoitil^ i6bd to. -Mai^ ? To reconcile 
Man fO Man Isr it impoflSble ? fe '*irh thofe, we be-' 
fcech thee, to whom the Profecution of Church-Con- 
trover&s is comitoittld, ai3kl>. flkela gobd La;(arus drop 
one cooling drop into their Tongues, and Pens too too 
much e3Caipd£at^.eacb agajuft otW. And if it be tliy 
determinate Will *and Counsel, that this abomination of 
d^daiim fiandtvig where it pughf^ mty continue unto the 
end, accomplifh thoii with ,^eed the number of thinfc 
Eleft, and hafteh the coming of thy Son our Sayiour, 
that he may himlelf in perfon fir, an4 judge, and give 
an end to our controvcrfies^ fince it ftands not with any 
human poffibility. Direft thy Church, OLord, in all 
her petitions for' peace, teach her wherein her peace con- 
fifts, and warn her from the World, and bring her 
home to thee; that all thole that love thy peace, may- 
at laft have the reward of the Sons of Peace, and Reign 
with thee in thy Kingdom of Peace, for ever. Grant 
this, OGod, for thy. Sons fake, Jefus Chrift our Lord, 
to whom with thee, and the Holy Ghoft, be alcribed all 
Praifc, ,Mlght, Majefty, and Dominion, ' now and for 

• t ^ 

R 3 The 





■*#■ -fi ■T 

1 » ' 

Thefrofit of gO'DLI^ESS, 

tHe Firft 

I < 

3 xlrf 

On I TIM. iv.8* 


^ut GadUnefs is profitahU unto all thing, 

I Hat which ^ha and ^ahnanna tell GiJeoh^ 
in the Book of Judges, As is the Man, fi is 
his Strength^ is true not only as we are Men^ 
but as we are Chriflians too. As is the 
phriftian, fo is hJs ftrc^h for the performance of the 
A&s ofchrijlianity. Some Qiriftlafis are as Jgther was*, 
youngs and unfit to draw the Sword ; others as Gideon^ 
firmgj and Et for Manh'ke employmeafs. Some Chri^ 
Jiians there are, to whom there can no better Ar- 
gument be ufed then the love of ' Chrifl , and 
the commemoration of their duties: Such as Sx.Paal 
was, who to gain Chrijly efteemed all Qiher things as 
dung, Qihers there are that cannot thbk (b meanly of 
tlie World at firft, but as ^laamah Vowed XC> fervc; God, 
and yet would bow himfelf in the Uoufe cf I^mmoni {6 
they can be content to give their names unto Chrift, 

\ ;< -: • but 

» « « v* 


, • but wjtb ferae ^ refpc£ti^;and -bowing to the World : 
and fiich are jhe greateft part of Prffejfors, ^Jlat Spotfe 
in the firHithtPjitm couW be content ro forget her own 

• Peopkv and^jier Fathers Houfe ; but fcarcely is thefe a 
Squjio wadded to Chrift, as that it can forget the 
Wprld, that hath nursM and bred it up ; that hath had 
ib long, fc jnwfird, Ho (weet acquaintance and familia- 
rity with it. • This is a fccond and weaff^r fort of Chrift r 
am: The Holy Ghoft being to deal with fiich, is con- 

.tent to cpndefcend unto their weaknefi, and in this lit- 
tle piece oi[ Scripture which I have read, feems as it 
were to Aew'a willingndS co endure the World, to • en- 
joy feme part (£ our love: by ^h Argiiment drawn from 
ouf Love to gain and profit, he labours to win our love 
So him ; and as Hehecca did with old Ifaac^ provide us 
.fcch meat as our Soul loves. In ' the words therefore, 
we will firft by way of IntroduElim and Preface confider, 
what caufe. the Holy Ghoft might have to ufe this Arr 
. giiment,. drawn from Profit and Comrhodity. Secondly, 
we will confider the words themfelves, and firft, of. ih» 
Reafqn of this Motive. .. . ' 

• Profit and Corrimodity is a Lure, that calls the greateft 
part of the World afi:er it. Moft of the bargains which 
the World makes , are Copied out according to that pat- 
tern, which Judas gave at the betraying of Chrift, IVt. at^ 
pill, ye- give me^ and I mill betr^^ deliver him into ^ your, 
bands ? This queftion, Ifljat will ye give me ? what com- 
fhodityy what profit will accrup unco me ? is- the preface 
and way .into ali our a6tions. Good or evil' men wil I di> 
neither," except it be by way of bargain and (ale. - Thi^ 
common (difeaft.of the World, hath likewife fcized up- 
on the Profeffors, ofGodli^efs: except this alio bring Ps ia 
feme Revenue,-.' it hath no favour. It was the Devil's 
queftion unto God concernirg. Ji^Zi, Doth Jx^ Jcrvc .God- 
for nought S fiaft' thou not, hedgi^ i^m on every fide^ and laid 
thine hand upm.him'i Indee^h? ipiftool^ Jcirs micAyiox 

. ■ ■ ," ■ 114 ;. -^^ 


148 }[bi tffiU ff Mtiii^. 

ffb &rrtd m Uta fi»* thi^ but &ttM^ c^i 
yet (believe tat) be had greit cftdfe tb ksfe the qud^ 
en ; for who is it that can cofitent himftlf to Hrk Q6^ 
for nothing? As Dtftni fiid tbold Hat:^^ in the Vbdk 

cf I(ingSj Lft Chimham go linth tne^ 4ni I tfiU do htnf 

good: fo muffi God deisd with m, tf he will ha^e us t^ 
ierve him. God, Bke the Bisbdubnm i^ tbe Gdfyd^ 
may go forth at the firft hour, and at d)C ti^ houi*, 
^ at the elererith h6ur, early and late, it tttry borfr 
of the day, and find idle perfens, f for wboibe^et 24imi?^i 
not with God is idk^ how bufic feeveriie fceitas to fe 
in the World) but except he bring hii pem^ wAi him 
be flsall find none to work in his Vine-yard. Anftoth 
djicburfing conocfping the spsalih^s and cmdi^msof MaiSs 
>agff9 tells us, that Toung mm^ for th(( moft part, copfidte 
^t fo mmh frofy and eonveniemyj as ejuity a^id dut^*^ a$ 
being led by thtirndntral temftr^ and ibnplicity, Whidi 
teaches them to do ritherwhat f> ^^^mI^ then what If 
fnrofitMe. But OldMmi that have ends of their AiSHons^ 
their minds run more on comtnodity and gain^ as bein|; 
led by advioi and eonftdtoHm^ whole froferiy it is to hitt 
an eye to pcfa and cmvemen^^ and t^otonly ta ^^n^ and 
mk^d gopdnejs. I will notdeoy, but there may be ibund 
il&me &ch Men, that are liut yo$n^ m the world, Nfcti 
ihat are Children in Evil, who know not how {^Mant si 
(avour G^m hath, yet certainly the moft men, efin at 
their yomgefl days, are old and expert cfloujgb in tft^ 
World. For we bring with us into the World the 
pld Mm, whofe Wiflom and Policy is td have an dr 
igjV 70 tfvft^e^jf, not to enterprise any thing, but for 
feme farther end than the thing it felf j either the more 
free enjoying of our fleafures, or the fUtis^ rf^ our prfii^ 
or the increafe of oitr fre/vrments^ Thefe are the gods of the 
World. Thefe, like God fit at the top of ^acoh^s Lad^ 
der, and all our a£ti6nsare but ftcps and rouhds to go 
up to them. God and Goodnefs is not reward 6iou^ 



ftoj^ &k 3fe0ti td bring tibekh Mihe betttf^ hb^k 

IsAi^ U^ the ^tffig^ tiF dod^ godd ^ |mti<jt» 
IPfdHrifi^ oolnplaift i<i the ScrifJtert^ »^4f jh# i&it^ 
pmetops kf Se^yif^ 4 ^^ t^f Of^ #ft?l^ tf^ hM if 

h^ ti^itisCHEithedh^ricfe Wit)^ gbd(ih«(i, m 'iH- 
jjfrd of gain^ 15 Js a bri thi otW* &k With Evfl. K- 
Jflj though many Idve it ^efjr WfeU, jrtt i^ety fev fhert 
m ^t ilfie gn>i/m to ilttit heighdl of #idcedfleJS, iy 
iAeirif tb do iid^^bief^ withodt ainy brh<^ tt&ei£l of ^/• 
WofA When thfe PhtH^rph^^ too^di Mrfth liivy, hfld 
itefelt^ed to Murder theft*. Bvdchet Jtffipk ^ lo^ti ^ evttf 
fhe tpMditiJh Mercham did appear , as hdtx £i s any aS" 
of Gdn ^H Ihe# it fcIF, ftrd^ht their thifft of Bldtid 
Jb^n to alky, P^4 pic(fify fey Aey, i> /^r^j <?/ dx» 
prdthtrs Mkfdi tbt m fill him tuther to th tfhmatlitis. 
Pope of Gain,as if thtey hdd Icqked upon the htdfen id^ 
IN^, prefently'affWaged thefrbet and fiery. DH^afe. M 
thssttttt I have fiud d6th plainly (h^w unto yoti^hd^ p6* 
titt Profit and .G^ are to fway wkh our tPtak natures .' 
jitSit God btm&lf, though he coine with all Spiritual Gi^< 
its poflSble, yet if ht come mftr-^dndedy if he brii 
fMjmftbitig whidi toy wthic t^n our Ti^k ail 
.ftnfible nature, he may come and knock at our hesns^ 
as himfelf {peaks in i^e ItfveUtion , but he ffaall find 
tf6ne that mtS open to him^ none that wilt ^vt him fftij 
jtotertathment at alh No'w God whb Is 7toXvi^A^r#*> ^ 
ibxtTrpo^r^ eiir d^itiidwf i^^mi^ as Clemens (peaks, 
^ho even ftudies ways how to lave Us, and is witty in id- 
yenting of means to bting us to him i tmongft many 
other ways which h& h^ uicd, ha#i lulded this, and 


hath' itiade this weaknefi of qur^ tcrdraw us home. Tbe 
love of Gain^ which is the root of alEvil^ and which <>C- 
cafioned the greiateft fin that ever was conumcted in 
jibe World, is here xnade to bring forth fruif mto goJli- 
jnejij and becomes the occ^^im of the greateft good that 
can betide us. JFor as Judas for love of gain fold Chrift, 
Jo here by the love (f gain, "we are taught to redeem 
Chrift again. So be the very blemifli and imperfe6tion 
.of otrr Nature may he a mean to £ive us, God is fome- 
times content to give us leave to enjoy it. When God 
iaw the Jews exorbitant Lufts would not be bounded 
within thefe limits, which himfelf in Faradifi at the be^ 
ginning did ordain, he gave them leave, when they 
^ .were meary of their fVives^ even upon flight occafions, 
to fut them ofifay. Again, when he fiw the d^fire of . 
Gain would not fiiflfer them to live withm the compafi 
o( Charity^ byt that the cuftom of the Worlds Would 
draw them on to the pra(£lice of Vfmy ; forbidding thera 
the ufe of it to their Brethren, gave them leave to pra- 
jSife it on ftrangers znd Canaanites. Theic Tolerations 
are no warrant to uSj that the a£iions were goad : But as 
It was ob^rved of the wife men, that had the managing 
and bringing up o(Neroy the Emperour, they permitted "" 
him topraftife his Lufts upon AQe a Servant, «e infupa 
iBiffhrium faminarum frarumferet^ ft ilia libidine frohibeme^ 
iiir: left if he were forbidden that, he fliould turn hk 
JLuft upon feme of the Noble-women j no otherwife did 
C?od deal with his People. Left too JhiH charge and 
prohibition might peradventure the more kindle them, 
he permitted tbem fome vent. And therefore if at 
any. time they did Travel, as it were, with the fin of 
VJllr)^^ to . keep them from the pra<Slice of it upon 
their Brethren , he left the Stranger at>d Canaanites 
as it wqre Midwivds to' ea(e them of it. No other* 
wife deals helwjth us ia this matter of gain and 
profit^ then he Idid with his own People in the ca-. 



Jti^t^ Profit of GoMinefs* %^x^ 

Ics of Divorce and Vjwy. ITiUs^ to part our Love be- 
tv/een God and our own gamy is out a toleration : for 
to love God for any other re(pe6l, than of God him- 
lelf, whether it be for Health or Wealth, or Honour j 
be it for the fear of Hell^ or the hope of Heaven it 
fclf, is at the leaft a weaknefi and imperfeilion in u^ 
the rcafon of it is Evjdent. That for which any thing 
IS beloved^ is of it felf more beloved. IVhsn David 4eaU. 
kindly and lovingly witff Mephihjfheth for Jonathan his father s. 
fak§^ it is a certain Argument that he loved " Jonathan 
more than Mtfhibcfheth. He. that loves a Man for Afa-! 
wey, or for Aiw/, loves Money and Meat more than the 
Man .• For thefe are die caufes and ends why, he loves* 
the Man. IVherefore^he that loves God for any o-«. 
ther end than God, certainly loves that more than 
God. But we all know, that God is prindpally and 

, Iblely to be loved, all things eUe in him, and for htm,; 
but he only for himjelf. That which" St. ^atd filth, 
ihzt ferfiS Love cafteth outFeary is true in a far more ge- 

' neral (erife. For ferfeif love Hays by all other r^peHsmhatfo' 
ever. God muft be loved by us, as , payid loved Jona- 
than^, but the Creature '^s,Mephibo/heth^ in the .iecor|d 
phtc J (or Jonathan^B Gk€. Wherefore when God by 

t^romlfing us thefe out^yard Bleflings, draW3 us. on to 
ovehim, it is a certain argunient that we love thefe 
things more than God, which is no lefi than a degree 
of Idolatry^ to take the honour due to the Creator, and 
[ive it to the Creature : yet, as ttie Hushandtnan in the 
rofpel would not have the Tares fulN up , for fear leaft 
the Wheat fliould come up with them ; fo it pleafes 
God to tolerate thefe T4r« in us, left the rootmg out oF 
oujf AfFeftions 10 the things. of this Life, might 
. drav/ a little too near the quick, and wrong our Love 
\o God. Outbf the love therefore and delire he hath 
to our good, he doth apply himfelf to this our Infirmi- 
ty, and contents himfelf ffor a time^ to have a fecorid 


i^l the Prrfk tf GoJlin^s. 

tbcxxi moiirtlicttighta^ if yet by thi^ meoQ he itiiy Wb 
us to l[iimielf ; as a Jfg^jtf^f chat wprks upofi an 
ra7 iMf/«r, if he cannot make what he would| yet makes 
^t which the matter gives him leave. 

And hence it is, that as in manv places of Sq> 
^ture he draws rea^ns (rom outwara BleiSags, making; 
60^ love unto them, a motive to bring us unto him ^ 
{o especially in this little portion of Scripture, whi^ 
i have read unto you, he makes our lovi untOf 
emmaoJiff and gam the ^fofivir^n^ as it were the 
Sfoksfinm xmio m for him, and xo gain our Itnfe wito 
him. Am I not (£ii£fa he unto u») fiiffidently fair of 
my ftif to procure your Love ? What is k then that 
i (ball bring with me to win your Afieftions ? Is k 
irm ? IiO, hereit Fs^ for Ci$Jlii^ inMu gaitfiJ ; Or 
ss it not only (b^ but (bsM gteaimxiA exttraordintay gtuhi 
tV^hy here it is^ Vigain nf pfimteexientw^d IfittiJcf even- 
good fuccefi in all the dungs jrou take in hand i Godlir 
nefi is profitable un^ all ihifigs. h it vet coore ? WouU 
youhave this aflured to you for your Lives? Why here 
k is* ItisaGiiif that hath a Promiie, yea| an A^al- 
Ubk fromiji of this Life, h it yet more ? would you 
hftve it accompany you not only in jour Lives j but eved 
fe dowp with you iajowr Gravet> Here it is. Such an 
aflurance as nodevice inLaw can make void j not of 
this lifo only, buteven of the Life to come. 
" Thus having confjderedtheCaufes, which We might 
fmppoie to have moved the holy Ghoil to make cboic^ 
9f this Motive, drawn from gain ; we oome now to 
Gonfider the mardi eheinfelves. In them I will e^oiaHy 
obierve two Notes. Firft, that GcJIinefi' is frofifMe\ 
fud what manner of pnifie it is that Godiinefs hingjf^e" 
condly, we will (hew the Latitude^ Comft^s^ and exy 
tent of that/r0/&, in the later words, to all things. Cod* 
bnefs is fnfitable unto all thirds. 



- 1-1 .■. ■ .1 ^1 

Tie frcfit ifGBdlmfi. 

£ircfy tbiogtbat )$ caUed trrfu4tle^ Uf9 ftyled m xp^, 
gardpf tbe ei^ for ^e effecting of whidi it h ofdiift- 
ed All tJon^tfaerefbue are not profitable tQ all ^pg4^' 
The knowledge of the %4mtbatt$s Trade is prc^oablc J^ 
liim that pra£tices Merchandize j but to ShmgAtf S9 Moji 
that walks with his ^pWj or him that labours $bc 
Pioi^h-taUf it 13 nothing available. That GMnift i) 4. 
plrng frqfitabh^ no Chriftian JMao denies : but t^ jp^ 
tg dmik is only for certain frivdte Ends and PuTp^lo^ 
which the World doth not much h^urken alter^ H^ 
thait {hall provide for another world, he that (hafl for- 
get his Body, wAcare wdy for thefiaJt^ (f Us $md^ ly^^ 
4 Man the l^t fhall ficd the pr^ ^ GoiUnefi, ^ 
tbeM^that thinks it meet to tiiviik hinifelf botyar^ 
God and the Worid* tjbat thmb it not i&hu yit^ 
ftml4 posits tme^ (as the Apoflle ^>eaks) butbe^h^iik^ 
bim^ff oi mfitchwg into the, Warlfii . to (udh an di^ tbc 
ftnd5fi$ pf Pieiy i?iay radier feem a n4> and hiudg^w^ 
tjsan a profit and oonsmodiiy. For what carnal }A^ 
n these ihat can perlwade himfilf, that Piety wiU eith^ 
nppiroye his Weakli^ Qr increaie his Honours^ qpr j^aajto 
bim thrive in bis Ti^e, or any way better his JE^tp r 
Is it not mdier thought to be qnhinderance to all the£b ^ 
by cuibing our Ambitaon,by moderating our over having 
dbfires, by bounding jus within cert^n limits of Coa- 
teotm^t, of GonlEcience^ of moderation, and ,the Uke^ 
which cut the very Nerves and Sinews of all endeavoiff 
to grow fxtrimSnarify petu ? Nay, do& not fiety ratbqif: 
CQQie unto us, as . the Angel of the librd did ^«(intP 
'Bdam^ forbidding us to do many itbings, v^luai ^ 
^we did, they woqkl be highly ^or our honour an4 
Preferment ? yea, if wh^ do .offer tbemfilves, apd 
by Cxod's Providence, without our Care, come op <ii- 
bundantly, doth it not teach us to lay them out 
(Ti^^'z fA^^ and iK>t'to lay them up ixjx our own ? 
^t )i a Man would dc&ae an4 ^fSi wbgt GM^^ % 



> t 

5^4 ' Hje Profit of Godlinefs. 

Wfc niight define it. To be an art teaching mtn not to he I^th^ 
not h' be Great^ not to tJyrive in froportion to the reft qf the^ 
fVorll Yet Dotwitliftandmg all this, it is moft true, 
diat Godlinefs is truly profitable mahy ways. I will briefly 
acquaint you with Ibme of theiri* ' 

Firft of all, in that grojls ani ordinary Setife^ in 
vAikh. the World takes Pro^^ and Commodity : for it Hep' 
fit our ftore, it gives good fiitcefs to our .Preferments^ it 
prb^rs all thinghhat we fakeirt hartdv For Ivhat is more" 
ijfual in the Old T^Jiament^ then protnifes unto the keeper 
of the Law,of 7<?»g/A of days^oi pofleflion of the LandfH Vi- 
^wjf againft their Enemies, of all (hole things which by 
Ac* World it felf are fb niuch defired ? * neither \fcti 
Aefc Proroifes iftade only, for falhi6n-&ke, to dralv them* 
on; ' but they were j)lainly and{ evidently made good' 
uatD the People, to w)iom they were made. For Ood 
cvtnnHes his blefllitgs^tn that flyle, in which old Jfaa^ 
fpcA&XO £/2w Concerning Jacob, i' have blejfed hifAjyea; 
mi be fhatt be'bkjfect.^ For what is there of whidh the' 
World doth make fiich ftore, in which God's own Pieo-. 
^le" had not their greateft fhare?^ Was . there any Peo- 
ple fo Viftorious aglinft their Enemies, li long as they 
kept diemfelves unto their God ? Was there ever any 
Nation which had fuch ftoi^e of att things iilade for the 
ufe of Man ? It is alrfioft an incredible thing to think, 
^atfo little a fpan of Land as they inhibited, fliould 
fc abundantly bring forth all thiiigs rcquifite for the ufe' 
of for niiglity and populous a Natron. For matchlcfsf 
fl^rigtfa of body and Feats of Arras, whom can the' 
World oppofe to ^amffefi^ to David and tO his Worthies? 
Fof Wifdotn and Learning did not Mfes and Solomonm 
bat'go all the Wiflom of the Eaft? yea, all the Wife 
Men of the World befides.^ Their Kingdom irideed 
was but little ; and herein only, that is, iri largenefs of 
Dominiony' the great Mmardh of the Hirldmsiy feem to 
have- gone beyond them. But' the reafon of this vt6 

, (tall 

lie Profit (f Godlinefs. iff 

{hall examine by and by, when we (hall come to conu«* 
def what caufes there are, why many times the Chidr en 
of this World outgo the Children of the Kingdom in 
abundance of Eardily Good, notwithftanding Piefjf oirily 
hath the Promifi of then), and impef^ nothing eUe but a 
Cwfi. Neither is this harveft of Profit only in the Old 
Ttftament^ as if the New were waxen barren. The Kem 
Tejianunt indeed is not io frequent in mdntionihg o^ 
Earthly Bleffings j and good reafon why ; For many things 
in the New Tejiament are not (b hiUy taught, becaulq 
they are fuppofed to be learn d and known, as being fb£- 
ficiently flood upon' in the Old. In the Old Teftamentl 
icarce any page is diere, which does not entitle good Men 
py the pijfejpon ofLme, temporal good: and for this rea- 
fen, may feem, die Holy Ghofi (pares to be over-frequenc 
and abundant in mentioning them in the Nem. So then, 
howlbever in our difcourfes unto you, we many times 
commend unto you >!i;j///W(r and lowHnefsy and preach 
unto you poverty zpd' patiente^ and contin^ual Perfecution 
for the Truth's £»?; 'yeti Piety doth riot require at 
biir l»nds, rhatwc {K6uld;J)e^jther fhort-witted or beg: 
gerfyy but hath fts part in jail the blefmgs tf this Worli, 
whether it be of Sout or Sa^, or of Goods. That there- 
fore which anciently the ^on of Syracb ^ke of thefe ex- 
cellent* Men, who lived before his time, the fame hath 
been true in Chriftian Cmfimon-wealthsy and our own eyes 
in part have ftcn it j fh^ noble famous Men reigned in H^eip 
I^HgdorrtSj they bare excellent ^ule in their H^ifdom j wifi 
/ententes vbere found in their infiru^ions. They were rich aljo^ 
and could comfort^ they lived tjuietly at home. Be it there- 
fore Power J ^iches^^ or Wijdomy or Peace^ or any other 
of thefi Apples of Paradiji^ .which feem to the World 16 
goodly, and, and fb much to be defjred, God hath not 
io rained them down upon the Qt;ies of Men, as that 
he left his own dry and unfumifhed .with ^m. I will 
not difpute unto whom tf' right dK& hlefiings do belong, 




%fl$ Tie Prp^ ^ QoSimt^. 

whedber tintQ ^ Hst^4fH P^ ^^ ^^ 7^^ Thk ^ 
4 qvd^bn which none but God c^ jetmune ^ irfsi^tl^ 
4ie Wprld been aoju^intcd witji fbtnCf who taf ing up* 
gsk Acin i|;^> cxjiraine rtiP Title^ h^vp given fenteina for 
die G^;^ and pronounced (h^t thp ri;;^/ irar^ #£^ ^^r/^ 
$f(tugs tfttfo tf^fjua : whiifh to do, in riiy conceit, is iq 
^ potting die, but 9$ the old ^^ did, who whof 
two Cii^^ omtwiding for * pec? of groiind, jia4 ta^ 
|cen Aem for their 5i/4«, Wjfely gave fentetjceoipi 
1^^ Qfwn behalf, ^nd t^ng it frpni fadh the other 
Cities adjudging it imto thenjCdv^s, Let the lirilp fq 
4icie thipgi ]:^ft where it will, tbi|$ mudl we ttiay Safety 
pr(4ume of, That Gcrf, in whom Originally all tfap' 
|(g^^f to th^f^ thin|^ Ih doth (o beftow theoi, as ^^ 
di^ j:}»t 2^re hi$, cynqpt doubt pf thi: portiotf of th^^ 
yrbifh 0iall be fi^icot fgr tljerr ufr ^ 

Oply» m Predwco. let tw not ?uiMf e oUf ^v«»^ 

^ m^aqjs by w^ch |^»^ b^QqQH^^ dhi$ ^fO^OKlii^ 
^^^Af pnjco y$ ; for ft is opt w^h us in rqgar4pf tl;i^ 
things, z$ kh with Qtlipr qku* U is not pur gre^ 
cm for thcin, PW early ri(iii£i or host (iQJpg up» t^ 
kshm th^m to US; The befi: andj^ired w^y to prpirid^ 
ourlelves of liiefe ^i^ is nor t^wtfir A^ i^pt^ 
to ;^^ the^. For whca our Sayiput tdls us^ ixrc 1911ft 
irc^/A^ Kii^^^P if Wfi^n^m^ andnU^de thifigs Jb^Ub^ 
^4^ in upop qs, he duilJks out uqiq us ihe .tn|e way tff 
poflp^ QUr M^es of the Wprld l^ciemjy i for iSfhat^ 
fiQthhe elfe but teU U9, ipsn \k Vfif a$k as Sobmn did, 
we Qball dQubdeis be rew^ffdrd as $^^«9^ w^ When 
God) m fbe Boditf Ki^$i \»i m^ Sdmm ^ prqnlilCe 
to have whatsoever he wpj^id ask, ^nd Set0rtm ha^ ^7 

eked ?n un4^ifian4i3i^ hemt^ to4ifcqii betw^w gocw an4 
id: @qqkuie, f^th God, thou hffi: dtkfd this tiingf 
9nd b^ft not Meed unto tky (elf Zii^ /^^ ^ 

^hine Ennms: Ia I h^^^ 4aQC! acGcvdit^ to tlgr \f(rard% 
W9j I W^^vm^P^lmh fkm^ilf^ fw^j^ even rfcfu^ 


So that among Kings tfaa'c (ball be xKme like uittothee 
all thy days. Here is the true method of pretrailing 
With Gpd for iemforal things and blfefiSngs. If we do 
earneftly beg at his haiids dibfe things only, which are 
prmifaUy good for us, it is a thing fo welcom to God^ 
that even becaufe we have done this, all other things 
which we ask not, ihall alnindantly be caft upott us. 
As Labm^ when jfacob asked him Lsah and B^hel to 

V Wife, ^ve them i^ito him, and not only 16, but gave 
him ^Ifah and Bilhab as handmaids to wdt on them^ 
{^a gift which Jacob neVer requcfted ;) So hath God 
iome bleflihgs like unto Le^Jy and /^4c^/, he will give 
us the latter,. :i^f4h and BUhah^ though we never ask 
them. J 

I know it is a very hard matter to pert^ade the 
World of the truth of this, which liitlierto I have 
taught. For as St. ?«/«' tells us, that there (hall come 
mockers, ^o Ihall ask, VPhere ate the fromifis ofhii 
coming} do not all things eantimte atikf fince the Creation? 
So are diere many mockers in the World, who ask us, 
Where are theie goodly promiles made unto the godly ? 
where ^ the promife of the fojfejjkn of the Earthy made 
unto the meekjfititei ? where is the promife of Oain 
and Commodity made Unto the Godly} h it not with then) 
as it is with other Men ? are there any Men whofe cafe 
IS more miierable than (heirs ? have tb^ not their (hares 
in all the Plagues that u&ally befall the World ^ We 
have heard that Piety ftill carries a bldSiig with it \ but 
the World takes it to be like unto that Equas Seianus^ a 
certain Horfe, whkh pafled for a By-word, a Proverb 
taiongft our Fore-Fathers, No Man could ever thrive 

» that kept it. > Beloved, he that (hall look into the ftate 
and condition of good Men^ Ihall fee diat theie is feme 
caufe of thefe ouercdous queftions. For the feding fherC'* 
fere of the mmd^ of Qiriftians feandallized,, we will, 
befoit we>6ome to consider in \vhlKt q/Aaa ftxik godlin^ 

^ • 

is fr<fiukU% ^t ttsDoifc certaiaerrours which are Hkd 
tnoces IB ihe eyes of .conunoa ChrUlians, and hinder 
them that thejr cannot fee fo clearly in "^hat leoie tbefi 
frmmfii tf emblj bliffmgt are made : and (econdlyy wie 
will fearch the rcafbns, why notwichftanding theie pro- 
miies, good med have comi^nly the leaft part of 
the Wirlds good} and bodi dieie briefly. 

The Bmwrs to be removed zre elpedally tWo: 
The fifAf we ufually miftal^ the nature and ^uab'tj 
of Goifi Promifes. Men, when they hear of 
^ron^i^ ^ prelerve djoie diat are hi% pj 
thirik, that Qod by theie promiies is bound to 
them from common cdifualties^ and as it were to 
the comnrn courfi of the World in their behalf, 
fore whenfbever any cofncqon ealamitles, and 
tion of evil^ overflow the Worlds they ptcfentlj 
a Noal^s Ark. to f<^ thpm over, and prele 
ku-ralefs. Beloved, ii^eik pippiiies of God givl 
group4. thus far to. prefti^jR /iWeis no way 
ifjg, thdic ,€0f9pfn(^ c^fii^tiu^ t^C by providing oi 
^0 bear our parts. M^ ar^ tke Trmibles tftbe 
but the Lordjhall deliver them put of aH God hat! 
promiied diat good men &aJ[l have m trouble \\m 
hath made a c^t^in from^e to deliver them* This 
fort therefore we have above all the World befides, 
that in all theie general deluges of Famine^ of Caftivity^ 
of Pejiilence^ it is no hard matter to deicry, that God 
hath extraordinarily taken care of thoie that are hi^ 
and th^ iq fiich ibrt as the World uies not to do, Whca 
his own Pepple .were led into Captivity, the Pfdmifi telli. 
us, that; he gat ^tm favour and grace in the vfesef tbeit' 
Enemies^ and made all thkfe that- had led them aoHff Caftive^ , 
to fity themk When Algrif^u^r^^'^ Goth had ts|k<^ Ks^f 
by publifik-^roclaipatioQ he g^ve fecurii;y to all dioie 
that fled, it*^ th^ Tem^e^. of the Kefled Apc^H and . 
madek d^f^l ^ 4^an no inoloft H^ism,. . k which 

v.. Goimplc 

%9 Prtfif &f GaJkmfi. 2^9 

i^flample St. Ai^in doth juftlf Triumph, -and challenges 
all the ithmck AnH^mty of the World hefides, to (hew 
, tiphere ever it was heard, riiat m open War, the T«w- 
flet if the gods g0ve fecurity to thdfe that 0ed into them : 
and doth very ftnmgly prove,that alt the diftrefi and feli- 
city idiat. befell the City of l^wif at the time of rhe^ri^/wg; 
tf it J was but of the commm otfualties and cuftom of H^ar. 
But all the graees and mercies by which men found re- 
fi^e and Jkuritj^^ came only for Qod^s fake^ and through 
the power of the Name of Chrifi. In riiele common mi- 
feries therefore whidi befaD Cities and Common-Weakhi, 
we may eafily read not fo much the EdiB cf Alarkusj 
as the PrecUmdtim if God himfelf in the Pfalmjft^ Touch 
not mine Anointed^ snd S my Prof bets no harm* And 
ibtnetknes efenfy^ iometimes fecretfy, evermore certainly 
God doth deliver. . 

Seoonifly, anodber Errour there is, wherein we 
inudi abule our ^ves, and miibke the Promfes of God^ 
They are many times made goodtmto usy when we believe it 
not. For • as the Jews anciently would not believe 
tfaac Chnft was come into the World, becau(e he came 
not in that manna- as they expe£l:ed he flioutd ; fo fares 
it with many Chriftians in regard of thefe Promifes of 
Casnj of goodpiccefs and deliverance. Except God come 
home unto us in all our defires, except he do all that we 
Aiok good heihould, we are eafily apt to except, and 
think, there is no truth ih hb promifes. If we thritre 
not to our mind, if the faccefi be not that which wc 
cjcpefted, we think this is reafcn enough to charge God 
with breach of Promife ; whereas indeed we ought to 
know, that be it little or much that comes untd us; it is fuffi- 
dent to mak^ God as good as his word. For thata good 
Man thrives at all^ is mcerly from God. For if the 
Demil and the iVerld could do with all, no part of <he 
WorUs good fhouU fall on the Righteous j be it there- 
fore but Uttlje that diey htfve, fince they have it, Komuch 

S % agiaali 

x6o The Prrfu of G&^inepr: 

againft the World's wiii^ it U a great Argument of Gwh 
£xtTaordifMry Pro^vidence over them, that they have tba^ 
Uttk. Since it is apparent^ that the World oppoies 
' dgainft itf and that by reafba of their calling,they ddxur 
themfelves of many th^ thriving Arts of the World } 
it mud needs be, that. ]£ riches do come upon them^ 
that God himfelf doth extraordinarily pour them oa 
Wherefore gpod men Hiuft not confider bom nrncb^ or 
how little it is they have^ but the means by which it 
comes unto them. All the Propl^ts and Afofiies which 
which were himgry^ had not that ofFef which St. Peter 
had, all l^nd ofFleJh let down from Heaven^ and free choice 
to cat of what they lifted. When Daniel was in B4- 
ijlon in the Lions Den^ God fends his Angel into Jfuwy, 
^^takes a Prophet by. the hair of the bead, carries him into 
Babylon^ and all to carry buna Mefs of Pottage far Daniets 
^Uinner. Daniefs fare is meaner then St^ Peters^ but the 
Miracle is^ as greaty and the care dF God b the fime. 
.The Righteous Man that hath much is as St Peter f be 
that hath leaft . is as Daniely the word and promife of 
,God is alike made good unto them both. And thus much 
of thtfe two Errours, of which the due avoiding, Ihall 
keep us froni miftakmg of thofe Promifes^ and charg- 
.ing God foolilhly. 

Now becaulc much of that, which we have former*. 

.ly fppken, was Ipent in proving, that God doth force 

the iVorld many times, even in a very eminent fort, to 

Jirvethe wcejftties and firrpofes of thofe that are his : yet 

lince ordinarily the cafe of good men in the things of this 

^Wqrld , is meaner than that of the iVorUs Children^ 

.their Riches are many times fmall, if they be any at 

all, and promotion looks litdc after them: That we 

. nviy a little the better content our Iclves, and know m 

.wliat cafe-we ftand, give me leave to (hew you, how it 

, comes about y that the wick^d^ thoUgh they have m pomifiy 

ycty have a. larger portion in ilje fVorlds blejftngs^ then tt^ 

' The Projk of- QuHrnefs. • ^^l- 

^bdfy: Where it (hall appear, that ic c/mnof othetwifi be^ 
except k ihould pkafe God to dter the orSnury cm&fi of 
the fPirJJ. ' " 

The firft caufe therefore th^t the Sons of this World; 
dhus ufually climb alc^ above, the Som of God, and 
neft themfeves in the tailed;. Cedars, is their mjhhe aiid 
impmunaie Ambition. From this root hath ^rung forth, 
both that infinite jnafs of we'aUb^ which private men,; 
and that boundlels comfafi of Government^ which great 
Princes have attained unto* , Nodiing was ever more 
mJHfty than the rMjing of thefe great Kingdoms y and if. 
the Laws of Equity and Moderation might have taken 
place, they had never beea St. Ai^in fiw no dit 
ference ^ between the K^an Empire , and Spart^cus^ 
his . conipiracy, only the one laded a little longer, 
and this makes no difference in the thing it '(elf And' 
hence it is, that God gave iinuts and bounds unto the 
Kif^dom which his People had : and having poured out 
the vials of his iVraih upon the Vfurping People that held 
the Land of Promtfi from them, to whom it was due^ 
he permitted not the Jems to grate too much iipon the ' 
bordering Nations^ ,And this is therealbn why ^t/Jcws^ 
that in all other refpe<3s went fide by fidq or i-ather 
before the reft of the World, only in latitude of iQng^ 
dom yielded to the Monarchs of the Earth, For the one 
made the will of God, the other their oton-AnAitim the 
meafiirc of their delires. The raoft maderate^ and 
wifeft kind of men are many times flowcft, in giving - 
entertainment to thefe great thoughts of heart. In Jo- 
ftfc^' J P4r^/p in the Book of Judges^ where the Trees / 

go forth to chufi a i^i^g^ the Olive W9uld not leave hjs 
Fatnefiy nor the Vine his Fruity nor the Fig-tree his Sufcct- 
nefiy no not for a Kingdon^ : Only the Brier, the hfeji 
of all fhruhsy no fboncr had the Trees made the motion 
to him, but he is very appreheirfive of it, and thinks 
himlclf a gpodly Creature, fit to make a King of So- 

S J ber' 

%6% The Prtfit of G^in^. 

bet mtfi, whb btft tmderftand the nature of bufiitiefi, 
know^elltiow great a charge cxtraofdtnaiywcaithi and 
places "of Authority bring with thcnL There is notte 
ib poor y but hath lus time to make an account 
of; were theit nothing but this, what aiiim would this 
stmount unto ? Add unto thefe , our iPbrds ; unto Vf'ctis^ 
Anions J unco all thefe, Vf^sakh and AkiHt:^^ and bft of 
all, UmotiT and Amhorrty : how do each of thefe lucoeC 
fiveiy, like places in Arithmetick^ infinitely «increafe the 
fum of our accounts? No marvel then, if wife and 
0©nfiderate men are flow in tasking themfelves lb hea- 
Vily, and rather content themfelv^ quietly at home; 
Let the World go well or ill, fo it be not long of 

The fecond thing that mlakes them come on in the. 
World, is their j^4«wj, mJe^ and tmhimted Coffdenet^ 
which can enlarge it IHf to the fwaHowing of any means^ 
that bring Gain and Preferment with them ; he that once 
hath caifteri:(ed and fiared his cet^fciencej and put on a 
refolution to 'gain by all occafions, muft needs quicUf 
grow rich But good men are ever more (hie and 
IcrupiHbus what they do, though there be no apparent 
occafion. Evil is of a flie ihfinuating nature, it will 
creep in at every little paflage, all the care and warinefi 
we can poflGbly ufe to prevent it is too Uttle* When 
t>avid had cut of the lap of Satd^s Garment, the Scripture 
tells us, that his heart fixate him becaufc he had done 
this thing. I have often wondred with my felf what it 
was that (^ in an a6^ion io innocent and harmleft, done 
with (b honourable mtcnt^ only to bring a tcftimony of 
his Innocency and Righteoufeds ) might thus nnportUT 
narely trouble his Confcience ; He intended no wron^ 
unto Sauly not (b much as in his Aought ; yet had he 
but a little advifed himftlf, through ferule md tendernefi 
%f Confcience^ he would not have ufed lb harmlefi a wit- 

nefs of Ills- hmpcency, Common reafc^ told St. fml^ 
' ' < . ^ that 

Tif Profit ^G^dtinep. ^6^ 

tbat ifae Labourer h worthy (£ his hire, tnd fay oiftinft 
idf the Holy Giioft, hlmfiof Itztncd^ and tainj^^ that 
it was but jufBce and EqCiilf , Hsfi Men fhat i^W i» 
Oe Gq^ly (hould /ifpf ib ^^ ^#^'- Who feeds a Flock, 
eats not die Milk, afidcldaths not bioiietf with the 
Wood of it? yet notwkhfttodiiig, that he mi^ttidce a- 
Way all oco^oa d[ ey3, ^t lazie and idle drcmds, who 
fu(^ die iweet of other Men^t kboun, «night not take 
example by him to live^ otberntois toA : diat hemi^ 
make die Goffel JMmt^f^ fite^ uH^hout m^ charge^ dhat 
Men that have no Silver inift^ coitte, and biliy, aiid eat ; 
might come, liay^ trndbuythe Wine and Milk of t^e 
Word without Money, that the Q^jfel m^t nt^theSlm- 
imdy as a meansof ^4i>p, iile Wc^d nor xih that liberty 
diat God and Men gave him ; ceidier wAUld be eat the 
Milk, or Wttar the Wool of his own Fk)dc, btit-wkh 
fnsioi^ bi09df md fulfours purchasVl himidtf his necejjky 
nkumamanck. What hope of diefe mens exi^ordinary 
thriving, who arfc' fo nice mdJenft^hM of what they finger? 
What then muflr we thkik^thc^ that abi^Godiimfi n^- 
to gaiftj thdt ttfdtb to do Deeds of Charity, e5cdept they 
bring diaai in -^^itoG Reveiiue? tha|t read Scripture for 
no other pUrpofe, but to cuQ ^ih: certain thrifty Texts to 
pretend untodieir Covetoufiiefs and DiftriA, as that 
ChiMQf iegins fiom it feifj that he is w6riethananl»ficfiel 
th2Ltfr4)vubs not fir bis Family ? but as for thofe othet Scri- 
ptures thaet perl^adeus to be of en handed^' to'l&nij lool^kg 
fir notbifig again ; haVmg two Coats j to fart ttfith one to 
him that hath noke : thde we can gendy pafi by ^ A^ete- 
orsj and aify SfeonUtions^ add think we have done Ged 
and Men good Service, when we have invented feme 
ihiftii^ Interpretatbni^ to put them, and remove them 
out otthe way. When -rf^^^/j Wounded by Ahier^Uy 
in die way wallowing in his own Blood, the People 
which foMowed after /f*wr, ftood ftill as they came to 
Aj^abel till he was removed out ef the Way. Men are 
^ S 4 .mlling 


^64 ihe Pnfif rf G^imfs. 

mUi9^ to be Cbrijiimf^ $isk1 yet, udwiQiag to lotVe the 
thrivii^ Courles whiqh the World takes, whoi ia dietr 
Purfuk of G419, they meet with th^ or the like Phces 
i£ Holy Scriptui^, they cannoc chuie but be mqch a- 
jnufed, and ftand ftill, as it Were, at Ai^aheU B9ify: 
Now thole that have be^ the Audiors of certain fnotU' 
Jying Faraphrafis and Difiin^mt^ and the like, have re- 
moved thefe hariher Places of Scripture, as it were 4- 
^abets Body 9 ^nd made the fyajn open and clear to our Co- 
vetous Defires. How icrupubus bur Fore-fathers wefe 
in expounding of thele, or the like Texts of Scripture, 
tbemfelves have left us notaUe Monqnieiitsi. St. Bafil 
makes a ftrange Suppoution,. and to it gives as ftrange 
dn Aniwer: Wert thou brought, laith he, unto thdTe 
ftreights, that thou h^dft but mte LorftfBrcMd left, and 
that thou knew^ii no means to provide other when that 
is (pent, if there Ihould come feme foor and needy Man^ 
. and ask $bee Food^ what thinkeft thou is thy Duty to ^ ? 
Even to take that one I^^ and put it into tbe Hands 
of him that requires it, and looking i^ unto Heaven, 
(ay, Lord, thou leeil this tm I/m^j thou knowefl the 
Streights in which I am, and that there is no other 
Means but thy Providence : yet have I preferrM the 
keepbg of thy Commands before mine own Nece0i- 
tifss. Beloved, this is a Point of Piety, cn^ nen 
0tdeo dicer^ mmen^ I fhould Icarcely durft to. have taught 
It, had I QOt bad the Warrant of ib grave a Man* For 
in this Age we arc taught, that we ppuift hegm from o^r 
filvfis^ that we muff not tempt God by making our filves 
deftitute of Mj^ans, and other iuch thriviv^ DoSrines^ 
which ffarongly lavogr of I/)ve unto the World, and- 
diftnift in God'? Promi% There njay be many rea- 
^ns of mollifying fime Texis of Serif ture^ and reffa^ining 
then^ ; but amongft thofe let that be the laft which is 
drawn from our Conmodity : a^d, fb there be no other 
^U^ to hjnd^, l^t not r^fpe£^ to oqr Pfribns, or to wr 


Puriesy teftraia any Scriptqre Irom thsct iMkude and Jk 
comp^ c£ ifiafey. of which ic i$ n^niraliy ca- 

I will yet draw a- third Reafon, why the Wicked 
Ihovild thrive in the World above the rate of bettet 
Men : and that is the laego^Mng of the Devil in thefe . 
ca(es, who doubtlefs bufies hin^elf exceedingly, due 
thoie who do hin». iervice, may have their hire : and 
therefore what£)ever he can do in diipofing of the things 
of the World, he will cSt&j and with all his might; 
ftrive that their ambitious^ zoAfartidy and cave/Ma Oe^ 
fires may have good Succefi^ Doubtlels it was an oyer- 
lafliing Speech which the Devil ufed unto onr Saviour, 
whei^ he oi&red him mII tie I^f^dans of thepf^ld^ upoq, 
i:oadition he would iall down and worihip him. For 
whatfoever die iflqe of th^ Temptation had beeit, he 
could nof have made his Promi[i good. Yet cotalnly 
{here are many cafes unknown to us, wherein the i>p- 
w/, by God*s Permiflion, does dijpofi of the IVorU JtA^ 
in his Lofles and Afflit^ions takes notice of no . filch 
xhinc^ yet we all know that the Devil had an especial 
hand in them. WhereEbre wicktd Men^ if God do not 
hinder, doubtle£ have all the Servtce that the fVorld^uad 
the Devil poiCbly can do them : and on the contrary 
fide, could the Devil and the IVorld hinder, good Men 
ihould h^ve nothing at all Needs therefore muft they 
thrive, that have the Devil ahd^ the World to farther 
them, and to do them all the good OfHces they can. 
Many other reaibns may you frame to your felves, why 
the Wicked (hould thus flourifli in the World, ^ch I 
.muft leave to your jn-ivate Meditgtion§. For I muft 
not forget that there is yet a good part of my Text 

Now as Hom» is wont to t^I us, when he (peaks of 

Rivers and Mountains, that Men indeed call them thus 

gnd thi^ but the Goffe.haye other Nances for them : 

' ' fo 

' . 

±66 Tie Prpfit tfCoMhufsl * 

^Ih you tnuft know, that hitherto we hare Ipoken fsH 
Frrfb and Gainy as Men are wont to like of it ; we will 
now (peak of it in a ienie that God and holy Saints are 
wont to u(e. For, befides this firft, there is a feeond 
FrtfU of Godlinefsj by whkh it doth r^ed; upon the for- 
mer. Care and InJu/by without GpdUnefi, brings in dbe 
thing* of the World upon us, but m this cafe we can- 
not call d)em Profits, ffbae frefie is it fir a Mm to gain 
the mffok fVorUj and to life bis oam Sotd ? Godlinefs it is 
dierefbre, that makes even Profit it filf frofitMe. For 
the true Prtfh is the efiforingj pfmg^ and heftomng of 
them 3 and diis akme doth P^e^x teach. So that Pie^ 
ferves tK>t only as a Baify to bring diem in, but ais an 
t^huSer^ to teach us hoTW to lay oiem out^ For it is a 
greater part of Wiflom wiiHy to difpend them wheil 
* We have d)em, than to get them at the iirft. As ont 
told Hanmbid^ that he kaew how to Conquer betteir 
than how to ufe the Viftory : fe many tiicrcare' in the 
World, who know how to gather, but few that know 
lom to tfii How many do our Eyes fte every day^ 
who make np end of beafir^ uf fVeMt^ but never be- 
think themfelves how to em^ it ^ By lying thus idly 
l>y us, it gathto a Ruft, as St. Jmties tdls us^ which 
t(ifi eats out our Sod : but Piet^^ Ahdita terris inimica 
tasnme^ waCbes oft the Ruft of it, and tnakes it bd^ht by 
u/hf it. One only true ufe there is of diHie outward 
Bieffings, and that is it which our Savbur teaches in' the 
Goff^lj Mak^ye Friends^ (^(fa he, of the unrighteous Man^ 
fnon. The World, I kno#, makes it profit enough to 
have it J but rfiis other Profit diat cxxnes by expence, 
and laying it out, it can hardly be broaght to kam. 
Many th^ are that can be coment to hear, that God- 
linefs is frefitable to them^ but that Godlinefs Jhould makg 
thet^ fmfitahie to others^ tbit it fhould cx)ft them any thing, 
that they cann<H; enAire to hear. It was St. Bafits Ob- 
fervation of old, ''O/ A ^Mv; vn^iv^nat^ "^tpew^fd^tt^^ 


tjUhh 4i hi ^ '^tptptm ^t »X/lMw^ : " I fai6W 
•• mAriy, feJifc fee, '^that call -withfom^ tafe bebroughr 
.^ to /^, tdfrityi to ktmtnt ahfl ^«/r^ fbt^ fin, to per- 
^ feftn att pwts <Sf iMii^m h)^0tk^ of ^ii^iy tfjdt cojl 
^ them nothing ; but hardly (hall ye ^raW tjheiai pn to anjr 
^ ptetdf iPiety, that Aimt-eqdW tiit thfe Cdft of ah 
^ Hbtf-jxiwiy. Bfelt^ed, we that have the Orarfight of 


^U this !s*wtiJtf«<v<rtr IvWfm, ycfti ate vety //*^ d/ ii^ 
tecaufe it t^j >tf w>*iiii^; but we W)ttld be vei*y 
gfe^, tod^IhotM'giVt tip.x)tnr Account ^th muchfiaote 
J^, to^ we bttt tmcfctftattd ^a Uttk moi-e of that 
ftrt of Ptetjr^ wHA cbrifflte itifcdbwfng of thelegood 
Biailgs, Whidh Goil&ie^ \ dolfe not, hath gaiiieA 
yoa Seldom ^>ea^s the Scripture of l^in^ up, tor thb 
15 a ihkig tvhvAi cf o\Jr felves We can feft enough pta- 
^fe, there needs no ]^i*eat pams to teadi, y^^^Q Scho- 
Jar« -are lb wJHihg-to learn. But Scripture oftentimes^ 
-and camdHy, deals wMi tis concetrfng the laying them 
tut^ as being anhard.Lcflfon, and teng we are a leairn- 
feg it. To ufe them that tliey may fteAl us m out laft "^ 
and greateft Extremities ; with Aem to purchafe us 
Friends, Aat Ihall tecehrt us bto their ete^^ tahemach'y 
rtns indeed is to make true ^hj^ of them, and this h 
perfbrtned by X^inbfi alone. In the^ fi^ ^(fi^ of Pie- 
ty, namely, cf htinging in unto us the things of this 

WorU, XSodtin^s hadi itheri that j)4rtat^ \pith her. For 
dioneft Luhour and hiiufiry is a thing 16 pleafing unto 
'(5od, that he gives it a Sleffmg in die meer Moral and 
Heathen Mdn : Impoffible it is that a <//%w^ M4« 
flxodd not thrive, be the Man what he will. But thj^ 
Second Profit of tayh^ them out, to niake them eternally^ 
ftcfirahk unto us, by sharitabk diff ending them, this we 
pwe alone to Qtdiinefs. Beloved, of a Chrlftian man s 

V Labour 

1<J8 Th Prnfit of eodUn^s. 

Labour aadlndufhy, there is a doidite Frofic, ^ooe^itoiQ 
jMcn, and. another frbm God alone. In the ^% th« 
World, wi6 Godlinels, may have a great flbarc ; but 
in the lecond it hath no part at all : Godlineis in the 
firft can bear a great ftix>ke^ but it wholly and iolely 
cflFeds tho ieoond. 

Thirdly, there i$ yet a further Profit cf Godlinefi^ 
which doth accrue unto us : For it makes to Men npt 
only their Wealth and Riches frofuabk unto "them, but 
Hkewiie all thoie inward Eniowmems ff B<kfy md Spui^ 
which God beftowsupon Men; For whereas, there are 
in us, as we are meer natural Men, and Strangers un* 
to the Covenant of Qraqe, many ©ccellent things j 
without Qodlinefs they are aU nptlu^g worth. In the 
Fall of our firft Parents, feme things we did utterly lofe, 
and (ome excellent things did ftill' remain ; but the Pro- 
fit of diem was quite loft. They are unto natural Men 
now, as the H^n-bom was unto the World before thf 
Ploody the fame dill, but of no uie. It is a wonderful 
thing to fee, what. Gifb of H^/Hom^ of Teff^ance^ of 
moral ^oA natural Corfiience^ of Juftieey of moral upight'- 
nejs^ do remain, not only in the Book^ and IVritings^ but 
even in the km^es and tonverfations of many Heaihem 
Afew, utterly devoid of the true Knowledge of God ; 
yet what profit reap'd they of thefe things, fince all the 
good that doth remain in the natural Man, can never 
further him one foot for^ the purchafing his eterns^l 
Gpod. Suppofe ye unto your felves fome fuch Man as 
Bf^ef^s was, let him hav^ all Graces that are. Piety 
only excepted, let him wear out himfelf with Studies, 
pine hinifelf with Temperance, keep his Hands clean 
from Corruption, his Ffeart from unchafte Defires. 
Nay, yet more, let us add unto thefe tbe patient endu- 
ring of all Difgrace^ of lo(s of Goods, of Banifhment, 
yea, of Torment of Body for Goodnefs fak$* (For fo we 
find, that not only Chrijiiamt;^ but ^vcjx Moral Good- 

T!Ullf¥(fi$'tfGo(Uinefsi ,1^9 

ttfe0 amODgft lieathen' Men, iometitiies endured a Per- 
fecutbnij Our Books are fiiU of the Commendation' 
of 9sffiiusj a famous tfp'nm^ who did undergo a kind of 
MtriU Martjrtbm for his conlaence fike, and with great 
patience for a long tinie all die unipeakable Torments of 
Body, which a moft cruel, perfidious, and bloody Peo- 
ple could lay upon him, only becaufe he would not 
bf^ his Oath. Let us, I iay, (iippofe iome one Man» 
in whom all thefe things concurr j and what (hall thefe 
profit him, when having put off this Bod/ of Flcfli, he 
ihall find one and the &me placr provided tor htm, and 
the wickedeft Wretch that ever lived ? Indeed I cannot 
|]]ink, that in this one place, there is the fime degree of 
Puniihment infli6i:ed inpon EpBetus and tfggulus^ and up- 
on Neto and Juhan. The Gt^\ diftii^flies and telb 
us, that there is aServant that (hall be beaten witbrnnu^ 
Strifes^ and a Servant that (hall be beaten with fim 
Strifes, All thefe grjeat Graces in Heathen Men, may. 
lerve to lighten their weight of Puniflunent, to dimi- 
nifli their number of Stripes, th^ may procure them lefi 
Inconvenience, but thqr bring ttiem no fojkhe fitofk at * 
alL Add but only GodUnefi to rhdk thbgs, a|id forth- 
with 'they (hall become exceeding profitable. This a-* 
lone is that whic^ gives them ^ ^f Arpor, a Lovetinefs and 
Bemitjfi which is of force to zvcmSt apd draw the Favour 
tof God unto diem. Thofe natural Gracetj they are at 
the moft only as it were the Muter and Bodj of a Chri- 
ftian Man, a thing of it lelf JeaJj widKHit life ; but 
die Soul and Lik diat quickens this Body, is GoJlinefi. 
They are of the £une Kindred and Brotherhood with 
Godlinefs, and God is the common Fadier unto them all, 
yet without Godinufsj they find no entertainment at 
• God's hands. M Jqfifh &id untO his Brethrdi, Ye (hall 
not Jee my Faciy utiles ymr youngsr Brother be mtb you j 
The iame is the Qauitenance of God towards thele, 
dxey ihall never come to have any part of that bklTcd 


^7? the Pv^t Pf Co4lmp. . ' • 1 

Vifioa of God, whci^ki^ Htppmqfi dbtfa cotM^ €«-► 
cept dais Br^fher be wkh AoRU Axki a» the 6m^ 3#* 
fifh^ wbeo his Bretiif m c^fnc «>, l^m acoompankd w^ 
ibeir Brotfeer M^mmn^ g*W Piimqw to ewy one ^ ] 

Aem, but Bet^amm^ p^rt w^ )w Mm^ more ih$n $Mrry 
€> when tbcfe 0i^l <:<mie t^ appcw before Go4 accoan 
paniol with this Brothir^ they (bglt 9very one of them 
receive worthy Portions from hinu for Gdliii^r fafy^ 
but the Portbnof Gpdiimefi ibtU be fivetioaea oiore tha^ 
any of the reft. 

Fourthly^ and laft of all* there 13 yet one (uitfaer Pntfi^ 
^Godlmtfs,^ For whewaa hitherto we have Ihewed, that 
QaMiMffsx^m t)c^t which W«. do po(Ie£' frifitabltuio^m^ 
it fliaU now appqu? that <?mAf>^ nate even die r4»r 4f 
$imf$ Hdvm^om vmo ua /That which makea all 
thuigs profe:^ ^ilito u% tbati makes even NoeUiv^ it 
1^ pfo&able^ .iea ^t h» r^^^ of Q^illmf^s h is^aUke 
{^fu)f ufiso ^9) eitlief to 9iqoy the things of ^eWorU^ 
or not to hgv^ tlbeRi. For I vrrHy perfwade my i^ 
that St is as ti»ni^«Ma (if I may ufe th^ Word) aa great a 
p^rt of M^l^i^us IVmfi^ t)0 kriow Amt h mmt tb^ 
things for God's Sab^^ as ^ know bfm «t ^hHoa^ aod ' 
uie them to his Stfvice. Mpammonitf i, TbAm kcbl^ 
man^ wbea thn Feoplc lo fixum haid put him k a.bafii 
Q£ce9 told thfXh that he wouULib manage k^ ^s thai 
h^ wouU make i^ a Place of as greajr Honour aisdl (^^ . 
dit) as any was ki the State. Qtdbmfi is like: dus Hv^ 
km NoUma% ani i& able to mako.the bafeftaad moft 
penudous £ftate» equiv^alent unto the moft HDtiour^]J0 
GaUng in the Wbrki; God> wfaomade us out of N0- 
tbingy is able, and doth make Na/ihiitg as beneficial unto 
us, a3 if he had made us LoDds. or all hb Creatuces^ 
^lettlm to enjoy, nor to want, k a d^ing with God of 
aoiy Worth; but to know haw to ufe, or to t^nmhom 
tom/mt^ tbisbecomes beneficial to JUS.' But die Man that 
jiHth nc^hkig iathis Woiidy if hehaircnot thi»Jbt of 
. . \ enjoy. 

The Pnfif tf GoJlinefs. '%yr 

.. itgoymg nodung, Perdidit in figlix totunt nihily hath ut- 
terly lofl: the benefit of diis Nothing. When ^iA finom 
^^eat an Eftate had (alien to mtbif^j hj FaHmce^ by 
htmbU Submijfim under the hand of Godf by receiving 
Calamities and^ giving of ,Thanlcs» had purchased to 

- himfelf agrratef megfurcof Glory, ^^n if he 1|04 1^ 
ver tafted of Miiery. Many Jo mmt^ and make their 
Want a greater Increafe of evilunto them ; for they do 
it either with refining at God's Providence, or fecret £»- 
dignation and Envy againft them that abound, (both 
which, as they make the prefent. Evils worfe, io thqr 
h^p up Wrath agaiaft die Day of Wrath) or if.iii^ 
c|n qui^their Minds, and make a {hew of caknaels aad 
(^teqitednds, it is lacher Qut of a Senfil^fiufi an4 S/f- 
fidit^y than ReligkxjsDiicretion. Aslittlc Qiildren that 
kugh at their Parents Funerals, becauCe diey do not 
underftand their Cakixuties. But to reGgn our iclves up 
into the Hand of God, to be throug^y contented, that 
he (hpuld di^x^ of his Creatures as he pleaies, to want 
without repbing, this is a pirt of PiW as great as giving 
cur Bodies to the Fire^ or Entertainment efCbrifi an4 hii 
Prefhets^ of fimdir^ tf Cbwrehes^ of Altnfdeeds^ or Nrfiat- 
ibever part of Godlinefs is (o much in Scripture cooir 
mended unto us. What a Comfort then is thii to a 
Brother of low Degree, when he ihali ooniider with 
himielf, that his Want is as ridi as the greatell; WealtK? 
That between Rich and Poor, in regard of our ij/f 
Landings as it wore, and entrance into our Haven, it is 
but as it was in St. P4i/s broken Ship, iome by (wim- 
ming, ibme by broken parts of the Ship, iome ooc 
way, ibme another, but all fame iafe toliand. 



. / 

The profit of gOT>LIOS(ESS. 

The Second 


On I TIM. iv. 8. 

%it Gadliftefs is profitable unto dl things, 


Hen I made my firft Entrance xxpoA 
tb^ Words, you may be p{ea&d to 
call to mind, that I doofidered in 
them two things : Firft, the Prrfk 
Aat comes by Godlinefs^ lA the firft Words, Godlinrfi it 
frofitable. Secondly, the LatituJe^ Compafi and. Extent 
of this Prdfifj in the next Words, Vmo dl things. [Gorf- 
Ismfs is frofitable unto all things^ 

In the firft part, conccrriirtg the frtfit that ames fy 
Godlinefs; Ifliew'd you, firft, that G<?<///«</r was profitable 
in that plain and grois ienfe, in which the Work! in her 
Language commonly takes the Name of Profit.^ For lo 
I taught, and by example I proved it, that Godliwfs 
tlejfes cur Store^ gives good Succ^s to all our Drifts and 
', cifttfels^ ff offers our Frefermerus^ and mak^s att, thirds fite* 
Mt0^l which we- taks i^ band* 



7h Prifit ifGo^imfs. I75 

Secondly, I (hewed you, that GoJlimfi is pcx>fitable ia 
a (enie, unco which the World is an utter Stranger, for 
this IS that ^xdiich makes even Profit if feJf- frofitable. For 
IVealth and tf^ches znA the like, which the World com- 
monly means, when it ipeaks of frofitj in and of them- 
felves are not frofii : but the true Profit of them is in the 
enjoying, ufing, and bellowing of them, and this alone 
doth Piet^ teach us. For this alone it was, that taught 
us to make them eternally profitable unto us, by chariU" 
bly diffendii^ them* Arifiitle dilcourfing to us concerning 
Moral Virtues^ and Man's Happinefi, could tell us, that 
Virtue^ though it were ^n exceilenf things yet our Happi- 
neficfid not confiftin havitq^ #>^ but m^tufeof it^ and 
hVing according unto it. As it was Ariftatlts Opinioa 
^tw]^t Virtue zndHafpinrfsy 16 is it betwixt ^cl^es and 
Profit : Pr(£t confifts not in the PoJJeJJicn of^iches^ but 
in the i^ng them^ and beflowing them. 

Thirdly, I Ihewed ycm yet a farther Profii; of Godli" 
fitfsj in mddng not our Riches and Wealth, but our /0- 
n^ard Faculties^ and Powers^ and Endounnents of our SonU 
and Minds', frofitable unto us. For all theie excellent 
Faculties of Wit and Affrehenfisn o( Learning and Jndujhy^ 
yea, dtHonefiy and civil Behaviour^il tjiey were not joyn- 
ei with Gddlinefsy were utterl]^ . unprofitable; For all 
thefe might be, and were in very many Heathen 
Men, who were utter Strangers to the (Covenant of 

Foui'&Iy, I taught yet a further Profit For Godii^ 
nefi makes not only that which we do poffelsjbut it makes 
even the Want of them advantagious. For I ihew'd it as 
a great, part of Religious Worfliip, to know how fati" 
ently to want thefe things for Gods Sake, as to Jbiow 
how to abound and ufe them to his Service : fo that iqi 
rclpeft oiGodlinefs^ it is alike gainful to us, either to en- 
joy the things of this World, or not to have them.. Job 
by patiently wanting the Tbbgs of this Life, purcha^ 

174 ^ ^^^ ^ Gcdlin^. 

fed to hiirafelF as great a Crown as ever he iii by enjoy- 
iiig tbtnfi at fiiil. Thus far at that time, and fo I went 
away indebted unto you for my fccond Part, Whidi 
Debt 1 now eomc to difiharge. 

THbe fecdhd Part therefore whkh we are now to cot!- 
Cder, is the Lutituiej Extm^^ and Largenefs of this Pro- 
fit of Godlirrefi, GoJUnefs is pfofitabk unto ail things. 'Of 
which, rflrnll be the fcfi oCcafioned to (peak, foecaufe 
that in foeaking of the former Pdnt, I have here feeed 
nec^ffafny drawn ta toudh -kt It. For m th^ I ha'Tc 
fpoken 'concerning Hich zn&'Poorj concerting Fknty ztA 
iVant^ that Cadlinefs is froJttSle untv b§tb^ is part of this 
fecond Pornr, tkrtiely, df the Lmttidesind EjEtent of Aat 
Advantage' Mifch comes^of Piety. Though therefore 
the more bi*i^y, yet tnoft we add femewhat more con- 
cerning- the "WOndaful Corijpafi of it, and fhew, thiit as 
the l^even iq t\ie Gofpcl nmnifaM it felf iMo 4he i^le 
Lumfif bof^J!?,; fc Godlinifs'ii}^ tiwx it felf wSch -e^eiy 
Fatt bf otrf Life. They that feav^ '^rittoa in praSe Af 
•Mi(/?<^^1&^ ^nch admired itj; for thsrt: great Sjmjfofbj^ 
and Correjjfomlence which it hokfe with Mtns Kttture : 
that it fc applies it felf to all Occafions, Aat whether a. 
Man be z\ottt or in Company, wberficr (a^ -or flserry, 
wlietherat his Devbtbn or at trfsSjpom, in what feikte 
Idevcr hebe^'My/jc:)^ is ffiU feetnly and fitting. - Cer- 
tainly then is ' Gbdlifiefs woridcrfially Barmdnkal^ wondet^' 
fully Muficaly that doth fb eafily accommodate and fit 
it (elf to all Perlbns, all Eftates, all Degrees,, ait Seces^ 
aH Ages, ail Adions whatfeever. 

The Arts bf this World .are by God's'Pr^viaenoe fo 
divided^ tharthey muft of neceCStjr bekwig only to feme ; 
all the World cannot be' Pra<^tioners in any cfifte<# 
thbni. If air were HmbanH-fnen^ what WouW become of 
the Mcrchxhfs Trdde ? If all were M?rci&w«f/, where w^ie 
the Schdfar} The Fnfit of every one of thefe may per- 
adventure «?dbcutd to many, the Skill neceffarilyiewe^ 

' in 

in fi?ir : And let us fuppojfe pi to be PrcfeJJcts of anjf ones 
the frofit o( that muft nc^dsferifk. But this wonderful 
Art <^ Godlinefs 13 of an higher nature, ' and hath a kind 
cf Motaffy/ledl Community : tt muftde&^nd unto all par- 
tlcukfs ; we muft, if we will have any Profit by it, be 
all prpfefibrs rf it. 

Secondly, few or no Arts are there in the World, 
that are befitting both , Sexes^ ibmc are well befitting 
Men, but are Irtterly ynfit for Women. To ^0 ahroaJ^ . 
to hmdle the Sword^ to marine foreign Matters, this be- 
longs unto the Man ; but tok^ep Home^ handle the Dffiaffi, 
to manage the Bufinefs of the Famifj, thefe .belong unto, 
the Weman, But for the Profeffion and Pra£Hce of Piety^ 
.iiiolxae AKVxiv qrJ Znhv taT ctppSi'/, fiith St. Ba/if^ PPhnen- 
l^nd wet as far forth capable of it as Men are. And 
Gregory I^jjen tells us, that in Prayer, and F^ing, and 
other Excrcifes of G'odlinejs there have been PVomen found 
^irfio hav€ far fiirpaffed Men. 

Thirdly, in the World Arts $ijnd ProfeflSons aire to be 
Jifiribmed aoongfl: Men according to their fevei al Com- 
flexkns^ as it were, and Conftitutions o( Mens Ti^as. Ex 
, fuotibot ligno nen fit Mercuries. Every Temper of Na-^ 
«ure fits not every Profeippn, as every Soil wUl not 
Ibring forth all kind of Se^. And b^nce it is, that 
diofe wh6 have delivered unto us their Opinions, qovr 
ccmmg the htditutim of Toutb^ have advifed Men wari^ 
to ob^ve, towards what Vrofefpon or Trade their Ni<- 
$t»€ ieans^ and to binld upon this as upon a Foundation. 
All this Labour of examining and trying Mens Cap^ci* 
ties and Gonfliturions in the Bufinels of Piet^ is at an endL 
For there is no Conftitution, no Temper of Nature un- 
aipc to receive imprefHon ftx>ni it There is np Nature 
lo ftubbom, no Wit fo weak and filly, but can majce & 
perfeft Chriftian^ and qmckly by the help of the Grace of 
Godj inwardly working with it, believe and underftand 
the darktftJViyfterics of GoMinefs. The rea&nof this 

^'j6 thi Pr^ (f Gadliwfsl 

Difference is evident. For Mans Art ctmmt dt^ the "■ 
"Nature of the Subjc^ on which he Works '-: and therefore if 

' he cannot do what he Would,- fee mwft content himfelf to 
do that which the Matter upon which he works will 
give him leave. As the Sun which ^va^ms the Earth 
gives nothing uflto^ it, only ftirsup the Nature and Fa- 
culty it fin^s in it, and (6 ixiakes it bring forth Fruit ^ io 
good Education in any Art, if it find a Nature fit to re- ' 
ccive and entertain it, it 'will eaufe it, as it were, td bud 
and '.Wojforrt^ ,and bring forth Fruit j but give, or infiiir, 
orniake a. Nature, ic canpot. But the Holy Spirit of 
Ciod, where it plcafes him to few the. Seed of Gr^cr, 
doth alter the very Complexion and Nature of the Soil, 
and were our Hearts as hard as Flint, or as barren as 
the Sand, he can maVe them as fefr as Wax, and as fer- 
tile zs C^an^ or the ParadUe of God. Create a nem 
Jlcoi't within mc^ faith the Pfalmij}. The Convcrjion of a 
Sinner, is ' a kind of degree of Creation. But I muft 
proceed. ^ t 

Fourthly, Arijiotte dilcourfing conoeming the fit Hear- 
er- and Learner of lAord and Civil Virtue Sy quite ex- 
cludes Totith^ as utterly unfit for any liich Drift and End J 

, And why ? He is jet forfooth impatient o[ AJmcmtiM^ . 
hot in'PaJJim j when thefe things are calm*d and allai'd, 
then is he fit Wax to receive the Impreffionof natuhil 
Inftrucl-ion. But he whom the Scl^ol of Nature hath 
thus exqhided the School of Grace and Piety hath efpecially 
made choice of From a Child to have k^um the Scrs- 
ftures. Suffer young Children to come unto me. He that re^ 
ceives not the Kingdom of Heaven like a yotmf Child, Whert^ 
with JhM ,a yowig Man dearie his IVay} Many more Te- 
llimonies of Holy Scripture, which plainly declare unto 
* us, that Touth is the fitteft Subjed: to receive the Influ- 
ence and Operation of the Holy Spirit of God. Let the 
Paffions of Touth rage never- fo violently^ let him as much 
'.contemn and (et at nought the good and grave Advifc of 


' ■ Ihe frofi^ ofGodlhtefs. ^77- 

nls Ancieytts^ as ever ^heboam did ; yet God that fits 
upon the Floo4s, and^ives them Laws, and tames them, 
canJDridJe the unHihel^ Paflion of the moft diforderly 
yoiing Manj and nil^ke liim like unto young S^fifh or ba^ 
nkl. \ ■ ' ■ 

Fifthly, Old M^n are very unfit Learners* of the 
Lcflbns which the World teacheth, andalmoft impofli- 
ble it is for a Man to l^egin to ftudy in his Age. There- 
ioTcOpfimathiey which is mlate. begifming to learn, was 
counted a great Fice, and very tmfcenily amongft Moral 
and Natural Meni For the Ibnger we defer, the more 
unapt ftili we grow, our Spnfes wax duller, our Memo- 
ry frailer, yea, our Uaderftanding ' too will fenfibly de- 
cay. But in the School of Chrifi, none is too old to leam^ 
no Memory toojhort to remember his Duty ; no Difgrace, 
no Unfeemlinefs, even for Old Men to con;ie to School. 
For the Spirit of God ftrengthens the Memory, foftcns 
the !l^rain, fiipplies all Defeils that Age brings \^th it, 
and makes it, were it as dry as Aaron's I^d^to bud and • 
bloQom, and bring forth ripe. Fruit urtto Righteoufnefi. 
When David, in the Bool^ of Kjngs^ had invited Old. 
Baip;(iffai to the Court j Bar:(illai, who had (b kindly en- 
tertained him, when he fled from his ungracious Son, he 
excufes himfelf unto the King, by realbn of his A^e, his - 
'Fafte fails him, his Hearing is gone, he hath bit all 
fenfc of Court Delights and Pleasures y and therefore here- 
queftsthat Favour for his young Son Chimham, as a fit- 
ter Perlbn to make a Courtier. '* I am this day, faith. Bar- 
s^ai^ fourfcore years old^^nd can I difcem between Good 
an^Evil? Can thy Servant tafte what I eat, or what 
I drink T Can I hear any more the Voice of Slnging- 
^ men and Singing-women ? Wherefore then (hbuld thy 
" Servant be yet a Burthen to my Lord the King ? Let 
" thy Servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may 
" die in my own City, and be buried in die GraA^e of * 
^ my Father and of my Mother'. But behold, thy Ser- 

. . . T 3 ^ ^^yant 


178 The Prefit rf GodltHefi. 

** vant Chimbam^ let hifi;i g^ over with my Lord the King» 
'* and do to him what Ihall feem good ynto thee. Thus 
indeed It is in the Courts of earthly Princes, Men by 
Age do grow unfeiviceable , and comberfome, and 
therefore there is a time for them to retire. The 
counfel which ^intilian gives his Qratour, Define^ 
re cum defideretur^ to refign and give over whil*ft as yet 
be is fer viceable, belongs elpecially unto Courtiers ; Beft 
for them to refign their places with Honour, whilft yet 
they are able* to do fervicc, left if they ftay till age 
bath made them unferviceable, they may peradven- 
ture be forced unto it with diferace. But in the Coare 
ef Chrifij none is too old to do farvice, there is no differ 
rence betwixt Bar3(ill4f and Chimbam^ their ftrength 
and Senfes are alike. Fourfcore Years could impair 
Bar:{illats tafte and hearing, but thejpiritudl /^eand 
hearings no age or length of days can make decay. 
It were to be wifh'd, ^tmoux your^eft days^ we would 
dedicate our felves unto God^s fervlce, that we woiAd 
think of that coUnfel which Seneca gives his friend Lu-- 
ciiiuSj Perge mi hucili , (3 frofera , ne tihi acciddt qtad 
tnihi^ ut finex difias. On betimes, and make hafte, left 
that befal you which hath befallen me, Te learn in your 
Age. But if the Grace of God (bine not on U6 , tiU 
the laji botir of our day, yet as the HusbandAim in thA 
Golpel, gives unto the laft as unto the firft, fo will God 
give unto the eldeft as unto the youngeft j their ftrength 
and ability, as far as Chrift's Service requires itjQiall re- 
turn unto them again : as the flefli of Naam4n after his 
Xeprolie became unto him ^ain as die fl^ ef s little 

Sixthly^ the Arts of the World feem to be fomcwhat 
of an unfociable difpojitien^ they hinder one another : and 
a very hard thing tojcarti, and praftife pcrfe6ily more, 
than one: The 'Mind of a Man diftrafled amongft 
many things, muft needs entertain them brokenly and 


■ ■»11WI»'^. -f 


The Pro^ of Godlinefs." %f§ 

VBKptv^diXy. But Picty^ is. of a more pHMe nature : no 
Art, no Profeflion, no Trade whatfoever, unto which 
the Learning and continual Pra£life of Piety can be a- 
jny hinderanee. He that ftudieth Piety alone all his 
Jays, {hall find in it more than all the time be hath can 
bring to Perfeftioo. And yet the moft troublefcme 
Arts that are, which take up and exaft of us moft part 
of our time, leave time enough for the learning of this 
(acred ^rt. As it was with thofe who gathered Af4mj4j 
He that gathered little^ had no mant ^ and Ix that gathered 
Vmch^ had nothing over : every Man gathered his G^er fuH - 
according to his eating : fo is it in the gathering of this 
Spiritual Manna J he that spends all his time in it, and 
ieems to gather much, fathers only his Corner full, as 
much only asisiufficient for his Spending ; and he, that 
is neceflarily dcrain'd with other Cares of this Life by 
(bme Trade, or fome other Vocation whadbever, and 
fcems to gather lels, gathers notwithftanding his Gomer 
full tooj even th^t which is fiifficienjc for his u(e. No 
Arts there arc that do (b wholly take up the Mind of 
Man, as that they leave no room for any otlter 
thought. The experience of Tradejmen l!hemfelves<loth 
wimels thus much unto us, who. in the midft of their 
moft ferious Bufine/s and Labour, Oin taikj, and /w^, and . 
0jake themfelves merry, and by this means deceive the 
time; and eafe themfelves (bmething of the burthen of 
their Labours. Even here is fpace enough for the pra» . 
£tife of Godlinefs, for why cannot as well a Prayer,2XiA ' \ 

holy Medttationsy take up the rooms of thefe idle thoughts 
and talk ? Certainly it is an hallowing of our Actions to di- 
ftinguifli then^ and interjferfi amongft them good and 
fious Meditations, So that for the pra£i:i/e of Piety, it 
is not alway neceflary for you to lay down yoqr work, 
to cpme to Church and folemn Service, and ftill to ufe 
ibme fuchformas (ufFers you to do nothing elfe; tun 
you may Very well do it as you walk in the Streets, as 

T 4 you 

aSo ^Peace 1 leave unto jou^ 

you ftand at the ftalls, as you fit as your Shop-boarcfs, 
and make every place a Church where you are. Araror^, 
fiivam tenens Haielujah decantat '^Jitdans meffor ffalmis fifi 
evocat , G? cunia dtundens fake vites vinitor ali<fuid Davidi^ 
cam'canit. It is St Hierotns in his xvij. Efiftle .: The 
Husbandman as he holds the Plough tnay fing an Hallelu-- 
jah : the fweating Harvefi-Man may cool and refrefh 
himfelf with a P/alm : The Gardener whilft he prunes his 
Vines and Arbours, may rejcord (bme one of Daviits 
fonnets. So that as the Jews report oi Manrky that it 
had not one kind of favour with all Men, but was in 
tafte wito every Man like upto that which he beft hl^d:{b P/- 
€Jy fits it lelf, as it were, unto every Maris Palate^ and look 
whatjt is which he hath been bred up in, or beft likeSjP/^ 
ty will become like unto it, andtaftc as he would have it. 
Seventhly, and laft of all, as one feid wittily in .ano- 
ther Cafe, Nullius agricoU cuUa ftirfs tarn diuturnaj quam 
foetiC verfu feminari fotefi. No tree grows fo well, as 
<:hat 'which is planted by a Poef'^s Verfe ^'•fo in this matter 
of Viety^ it is far* more true^ that no Trade thrives 16 
well, as that , no Tree grows fi tvelt^ no Com fo fraitfulj as 
Nthat which is (ct, or lown by the hand of a I^Hgiom 
Husbandman. Now further, to prove that Viety is exceed- 
^ingly beneficial to every one ot thefc', there is no better 
nems than for you to believe itThe labours of Chriftian 
Men are many times not fuccefsful, becaufe themfelves 
are diftruftful. That which our Saviour io ufiially fiid 
to thofe who (ought for remedy at his hands. According 
to your Faith^ be it untoye^ is (aid unto every Chriftian 
Man, that looks for a Bleffing of his induftry,' it is «w- 
to him according as hts Faith is. But I need not Arrive to ex- 
■ prefs niiy felf, the Holy Ghoft himfelf hath (aV*d me that 
Labour,who in two feveral places of Scripture, the xxvj^of 
Leviticus^ the xxviij.of Deuteronomy^ hath moft effeftuaily 
fhewn,how ^c profit ofGodHriefs doth defcend unto our moft 
particular Neceflities. ^^ Blejfedjhalt thou be in the City^ 


' I 

The Profit ^ GoMinefi. 2 8 1 

^' and hlejfed in the Field ; bleffed /halt thdu he in the- Fruit 
^ of thjBody, and the Fruit of thyCattel^ and the increafi 
^^f thy Kine^ and in the Flocks of Sheep. Bleffed Jh^ 
thou be in thy Bask§i^ and in thy Dough, Bleffid JhaU 
thou be Tphen thou comefi in^ and Biejfed when thou goefi 
*' out. I will fend you B^n in dut Seafin^ and the Land 
^^ /hall yield Her Jncrcaje^and the Trees in the Field /bally ieti 
^^jheir Fruit, And your Thre/hing /hall readi unto the Vintage^ 
** and the Vintage /hall readh unto the Somng tinie'y ml 
^ you/hall eat your Bread mto the fttlL and dweU in your Land 

.^^ fafely ; and T will give Peace in the Lmd^ ^ ye /hall 
^ lie down, and none /hidl mak^ you afraidl Jndlwill rid 
^ evil Beajis out of the Land, neither /hall the Sword gi 
^* through your Land^ Sd Therefore as the Scripture teUa 
us of Jofefh, that wheresoever, or wth whomfbever 
he convers'd, \iQ^\ytQM^t2iBlef[ifig with him; when he 

' was in Potifhars Hoitfh, he bi'ought a Blefling upon Po* 
tifhar^s Houfe ^ when he went into the Prifon, he brought 
a Bkfpng with him to the Prifon ; when he went into 
Pharaoh^s Hou/e, he brought ^ Bleffing upm it, and upon 
all the Land of Bgyft. So Piety doubtlefi, wherefoever 
it walketh, leaves a Blefling behind it,asthe .Hzrtf leaves 
the feent of her footing. ' Did Piety afltbrd us nothing 
clfe but' its Company, brought it no improvement to our 
Eftate, but only taught us to be content with it, what* 
fbevefitbe, yet this "^erc profit enough if Men could 

' fee it. But becauie profit and gain is that whldi the 
World fo much doatson, and hard^ if not impoflfflde it 
is to weaii Men from the love of it j it hath pleafed 
God to annex unto Piety hchz force, that it (hall in- 
creafe and enhance what Eftate focver it fliall apply it 
felf unto. When Cyrus the King was gathering his Ar- 
my, he made a Proclamation .to this EfFeft, That 
whofoever would put himfelf into his Service, fhould 
doubtlefs find great advancement of his Eftate ; were 
htPoJJifforof a little. Mafmor, he would make him Go- 
• vermur 



%t% The Pr^ rf GcdHnrfi. 

«miflr«f 4 Ca^; vtit he the Gpf<m0r ef a C19, hewi^d 
iQak<; him tmitf 4 Ptcvmce ; \^erehe l/»rdtf a Frmunct^ 
he would make him a J^f^ ef mmy Nations. This which 
httt dur Apoftle tell$ us^ tiiat^GoMin^ is ff^Me^ thae 
GvJiinefs is frtpSiAk to all things^ is indeed the very drift 
^ his ProckmatiocL For it gires us to underftand, 
that look what eftate it is, to which Piety adjoyns it ielf 
it fliali receive not only lecurlty^ but eveq great increaft 
tad improvement from it. Thus hath appeared unto 
^ou, borh^he frtfit shot eomes iy Godhnrfij and Iflcewife 
)^ exceedfSf largtitfs mid eott^ifi rf fhe fr^» 

Bbt for Glir mrther inftruAion^ ibmething yet is there^ 
by Qocafion c^ this Text» further to be leaped. Foe 
Idflany Man of upri^ life and canverfati(»i, fliould, 
npon the reading of this^ or the like Texts of Scripture, 
forthwith expe(%9 that the World fhould come in upon 
hteiy tiau: he (hould receive Grace and Honours, and 
Preferments; and finding himfelf to fail in his expeiSa** 
tion, ^d inftead of all thefe, to meet with Di%moe 
and Reproach, (hould begiQ to call in queftion the truth 
of rhde Promiies, and chatge God fooliflJy, let us a lit- 
tle confider tte natui« of God^s promifesin this kind. 
W^efqre we are to note, that Gdd, although he be a 
moft free and liberal Givec, yet notwithftandUng, xaofi; 
of bis Promfis ant xonJitimfal. The gtft tfGod is eternal 
//j&, llaith St Patd. Salvation is a ipeer and free gift j 
yet neverthdefi, God gives it to none, but to thofe that 
live either uprightly, or penitently* As it Is with the 
Aings of the life to come, (ckk k much more with the 
tilings of thsf life; deiey ^it a meer Donative, a Gife, an 
Ahns; and wherdoeverGodbeftows dsem, heibeftows 
them freely. For do we aU We can do, yet is not God 
n debtor to us for tlrc.leaft and meaneft temporal bIcA 
fing. And it is not to be thought, that he. that out of 
his meer Grace and liberality ^ive$ us Heaven, a thing 
of diat ineUimable value, would let a price upon thp 


Tie Prifit rf G4ilhiefi. ' il^ 

i;Mngs of thb fifej^ and fi> fiH tbem tiniDtfii, \Aikh zti 
iti^^ tltaaip of to wonK at aiS. ^^ notvirirhft^ildiri^ 
ht gives themmts no notto tho& that ;lre bis,#/^j^a»^ rc^ J/ii« 
0t. lt*B yrdtth noting ifiitch S. Ba/itiai^ tiv^ \^i ad^iM, 
tlQ^fArmets^u^ TeMUs that Rent Lands of other Men, 
HB the gmnd accordflig to ihe wii <f hhn thgt lets i$ 
item I ivw )y iiuftg.ii euty^ip n tr< i^wi$ Gffi^fdkkit 
if^^bJWAT^. So the eare and manage tf tbU fieflb 0/ (mri 
u iBommitted unto us, n^ eurytsi^^fj upon Obiigmmi 
il{x$in huienture or Leafe^ that fe husbanding thk £& of 
ours according to the conditions upon vhidi it li let u§^ 
we may make k fruitful unto hihi that let it. Noi; 
our Fkifa only, but all tbitigs that pag betWi»l Ood 
and us upon Gotiditkms^ Aey ai:e Let Utiftt> m b/ In- 
denture. L^ us therefore, like canfunttumts^ lodl( itue 
omr Le^j ami fie 0haf Cenditkns th^ are ^ li^hich 
God requires at die hand of thdi^, who Idok ti 
t^ke of God the thit^ of this World, who dahii ai 
Prortife of him of the thmgs of this life. Theft flldll 
not find in other places ^of Scripture, where tfee fanie 
Do^ne is mt^ht^ but with fortie reftramt, which here 
the Holy Ghoft tkrm to delivtir acutely. For this 
18 the bcft wfty of interpreting of Scripture^ when ^s 
what is in one place brhi^y and ooncliely delivered, k 
expounded by another place, where k is tiiore litgttf 
taught. Our Sarioiir therdbre in M4^k 6. ttetttifig 
of ihe things of this life, and our care fdr them, bids 
us fiift fiei the Kit^dom cf Gedj and the Righ^eouCiefi of 
him, and aS thefi ^bmgs /haS be aided umo us. That 
Whidi here in niy Text our Apbftte calk GodtikifTj b 
by our SavioUr expreflfed by thb terftw olfiek}^ *r 
JQigi&m <fG(ulj and the E^hteoafiufi rfhim : that which 
oUr Apoftle calk Pn^j our Saviour «dk th/e things. 
Where our Saviour feems to ttie to Ipe^ wkh fodie kind 
of fcrtm and indignation, that our 'mfirmity (hould forc6 
him to name the things of this life (as we commonly 

a 84 ^^ ^rpfit efGoMimfs. 

fiiy ) the fame day with the things of the life to come* 
Wherefore having exprefly named the Kingdom of Godji 
and the Righteouftefs of him, he pafles over the reft^ 
a$ diflaining to name them otherwife, then by the ge- . 
neral name of Thefi things. As B3(ektdh pulling the ha^ 
spn Serpent J calls it no otherwife but by the feoniful 
tjame of Kehujhtany \£ra:(en fiuff: So Chrift willing to 
pull down in us the things of this life, ( after which we 
run a mbcring, more tten «ver the Jews did after the 
BrasietK Serpent ) telling us of Divine matters, wills us firfl: 
to feek the Kingdom of God, and then (hall thefe things^ 
this Tra/hj this Nehtf/htan^ this Leaden, Fewtcr^ or at tht 
beft Brd:{en Stuff W; the World, be caft in upon us. ' 
Here then is the prime and principal Condition to be 
kept by us, if we will claim a Promife of the things of 
diis life at the hands of God. Where we are to note, 
that not quamoJoUbet (imply unto Godlineis is there made 
a certain promife of Pr.(fit,^ and the things of this life, 
but unto Godlsnejs upon Colndition, if it be fi-Jf of alt Hu- 
died, and fought out by us. If the firft Stone of our 
^uilding be Godhnefs, the Kingdom of God, and the 
?.ighteoufee(s of hich ; then will the things cf this life 
come in, otherwife no: or if they do, they come not 
ini)ecaufe of Gods fromife, but for^fome other caufe. 
As it is with thofe who huild^bme things they provide for 
main malls and foundatim, fome tjhings only, for ornament 
and furniture: that Butldivg muft needs prove weak, 
where that is Jaid for a foundation^ which was provided 
only for gamipoing, Thefe gutttford. things are but a 
fceming kind of furniture iox this life, but the main fVall 
i% Godiinefs. Her foundations (aith the Pfalmifi, are in 
the Holy Hills, St. Paul telling us of fome Builders, who 
having laid a good Foundation, built upon it Hajf, and 
Stubble, flifws what great damage they (hall fiiftain hy 
ib^ doing : If this be the cafe of thofe Builders, whofe 
Foundation is luppofcd to be good, what think we 
^ * ^ fhall 


Ithe Prafif of GoJUnep: ' . aSy 

(hall be the lofi of thofe BuUdtrs^ whofe vcrjr Toundatim 
is Hay and Stubble ? as is theirs, who have laid the things 
cf this life as their prime and Comer- ft me. Firfty Seek^ye 
the Kingdom of God. Fir ft ^ is a Word of Order^ and Order 5' ^ ' 
BScp' w, faith Theon in his Cbmments upon Ptolomy^ it 
is a Divine things a thing cf wonderful force zn^ effieatyi 
For Cofk may be laid out. Matter may be provided; 
Labour may be bellowed, and all to no purpofe,. li 
there be not a fit courfe'^ an order bbferved in tbe Bufi* 
neis. The experienceofthemeaneftTradefinanambiigft 
you, is able to tell you ^ thus much. For whbfeevet 
hrbe amongft you that goes to praftife hU Trader he 
cannot begin where he lift ; fomething there is thai muff 
be done in the firft fUce, without which, he cannot 
go unto the fecond-^ ibmething in the ficondflace^ ^hicK 
* wll\ not bedone^ exceptrfemething be done afire it. 
Some order there is which prefcribes a Law and manner 
to his A£tion, which being notob(erved, nothing can 
be done. As in all other bufineis, foin this great -bu& 
nefs of Chriftianityy we may not think that we jnay 
hand overhead, hoddlie up matters as we lift; but -we 
inuft ijS fiaJ((m^ we miift keep 9, Method andOrder^ a 
fct courfe in our proceedings. Not, Firft, thefe things^ 
and then the F^ngd&m of Godyond the ifighteoujnejs of him : 
bur^ Firfty the Ki^dom of God^ and Then^ thefi thing-s. 
.We have amongft our Books an. Author, who com* 
mending unto us the great ufe of Method and Order in 
our Studies, tell§ us, that if a Man cbuld affure him-* 
4elf thirty years of Study ^ it wouW be far more profitable 
^or him to Ipend twenty of them in finding out (bme 
Courle and Order of Sswfy^ and the Other ten in-Ssudyifjg 
according to this Order^ then to ' Ipend the whole, tbo, 
it be in very diligent Study, if it be with mif order and 
^^fyfton. . Howfbevcr it be with Metljod and Order ifi 
thele Academies Studies^ certainly in our Studies which 
concern the Pra£^<)f Chriftianity, ic cannpt chufebur 
. ' . be 

%%^ the Pr^ ^ Q)4lin<fu 

t)e vnAi -^^^lo&i^ 4^ur aod ii^%; IT wr A> not 
(lUerve i^2t Mt^h^i 4oi Qr^ Avh«€ih harie <Kir Saviour 
prefcribes. §imfUcm in ii$ Cpcmi^ients upon Artfiofk, 
nulcin ia.9iieiUQa9 whe^h^VGiui^ iq diejr Reading of 
4)^IMf*$ Bqq]^, fl)au]d.b^.W0Ji bi^Z^ci^j, >^ett 
he teiclief theip tp ,Z>i(jp»^ wd tff^cf^ ^ or widi his M§f 
t4 SH^ w^ere 1^-f^ch^ theip tQ Iokc Cmi& and Hom 
mftkh^ iF5^^b^9<tHeyhfigia £?cm his Legid(, wkfaout 

/ir# ; tf /^ni h^ Alw^^ wB^pyt irigidfe, thcjr wodd 
pr<»r^CQiiM^f Tklff indeed ic f;^'^ in ihc knowlpd^ 
C)^ l!^gCMi)e, iwhene iU ^ieg^ fine inDccitaio ; ikis k is 
Wib S(H4^t9 ^ ^ lM^£r9 who faave ^ri^««i^ ibr 
thek ^God. &p^cdly wUl ^ l^bctr L^kk, do them lb 
imich ^enriop, ^ tp Aev i|»m iMh^ie Jicy ihould be*^ 
g^i, Qr ^re es^. ^m ib 4be Sftidscs of Chrijiimty^ 
'it IS pod^g ^, C^ is Qiur ^tfbr/c, 4ie haAi wvtttea 
|]s>^niM#/ ^4^;^rhe bftth &mkd 119 a li£fbt4a»ti 
tk^BTj what &iO::j|o 4<^ w^noKt, aod ho^ to range 
^iMng IB i^^^oQ^ pluor. HiB that ^Siall fedow 
ipay i^4eeune<Pf M^iei^ jcisMpoilble heAouU 
Jofe i^4)aiii^ ^i^^i ^t ki&oyf wsc 0wvk odiafiekB, ifnw 
like heft ^ 9m o:iff% tcoqiies, God deals .wi& us no 
otWwile lioi^ Paf^9l^ d9 wkh lih^ir <3jd8»i : For i^ 
bag asX^ildci^ &lk>W lhe ^k«!£Uat^ aod advice of 
their F<^^ts, fy Imgrit is fit th$it )thi»r Paisots Aioidd 
prov^ for x^c^sm : ibuc if cwce Cbildficn iike bed of ^thcir 
0W& G^iirj^, th^Acis hiut xn^they £bf>i|ld take the 
event aod fort^n^ pf .tbcDD. 1[^ & ^ucfa' die mpre 
dangeioMs is our cf^Qiir ^ fK>t (kktyxog the Qstder woi 
JWf //W tbgt Chrift bath glided v^ becaufi it csumot aS 
teni(r^rdbe reap^dkd^ weh^yeforererloft the claim to 
(kid's promifes in this kind. As Cura l^d of Errdun 
committed in Baia^l^ •&> ^/i<> ^^^ ^ ijwiW tnofwn efi^ 
tffij foflmodim.o^gi.\ fr^li^ntm JcUSa emmiatJaatm 
f^ifi^u^ fm p:m fi4tm fiit^mHt mkan: Ecrours io 




<ttiher dungs may bt mgjm Ameiided, bur t^ fm^cpA 
a Bdtiacmcm poifibly be remedifldy beealiie tl|e jor^ 
CQfrranjence immediatdy/fc^bvrs i^nthexoiftake. JF^> 
iF*^ Hve iiot obfenned diis Me^<»^ tif our ^vkm^ i^ 
any thing have poflTeflcd our thouglits, before or ^ysff * 
thei^mJightj ftudy, and care €£G$dBn^s^ yfc hare msfi 
rfmirMitUdy we haic^brafaep our. QonditiEx^ and tibem- ^ 
fens &€|r for ever «ati vwckim no Pmmi^ of QqA Sp* 
this kind. Here dberefore is a moil certain imjixh^ bf ^ 
\9i1ich iwremay dome to ibi:aixuiie our Qakn untO'4«pfe 
Promii^ J for if at anjr tinoe mihaH femeive our foW«iS^ 
osremken ^ith Paffioil and CJlifoansiciir,^ ^^^ <^Q9ifek^^ 
ration ifa^ we fe ^i^itaBed^'aad ' impaiy e i iQitd» . vbgn ^* 
M&t^ wbA, ^as we^pfM^fe^ ^hayte ivytlung.'l^ .rnucH mre 
qfrX^odf Und ^ethw^ that ^nrlns;. xb.^^ifftfti ip'' 
grade 4n4 favour with the Woytd, Jet. us fwcftntly.^cxflh" 
xs^ne (mh: 4&lve5^ Wiiiethtr'or no we^tere Is^pt .dfte^^im*^ 
dl»9Hs| yi:^ fm^t fift;fbff ^Kftgim^'of. G^ tnd iSye 
Ri^td(^dSi^ >of 4iiai^^ ^^ i»: tebWuigiBen i£»Miiidbat 
die the JlQ^ mm iiti'^^&oiy^tal? H^ ifdvc ^^lur 
own Cbnlcience will prefintiy tell us, what part we have 
in thefe Promifes. For wbK:h of us can lay, that, wiA 
Samuel^ we have been dedicated to God from mr firft 
4md tender infamy} What do I fiy ? from our firft? nay, 
how many of us are there, who can Scarcely ^re the 
latter end af wr da^s fir Ged} When the World hath 
Gf&pt the4)riiiie.of^ur Agfr, of our Labour, of our In-* 
duftry ; when it hath fifted and bolted out lEe Tlow^v 
when our health and youth is (pent in die World's 
Service, with much ado can we be concent to bellow 
our olJj decrepit^ fickty^ and uHfrofitable *part of our age 
upon God, and the ftudy of Godlinefs ? How then can 
W^^40iL)ckas ?romi(e at God's Hands, that have thus 
grofly negledeS our Conditions ? To conclude. When 
God in the Book of Kjngs^ made a Covenant with S(h 
lomm^ he tells him plainly What he and his People muft 
trail to. * X Kini$ 

%2% Tie. Profit if Gadline/l: 

• I Kif^s 9.4. If ttou -wlk walk before 'me, asi 
^ David thy Father walked, inJatcgrity of heart, and 

* uprightnels, to do according I to= aU that I* hsi;v6 com^ 

* nianded thee, and wilt keep my Statutes and my Judg- 

• y. * Then/ will I cftablifh tA^ .Throne of ffy Kjngdm 
^^xpcml^dii fo^ ever, as I.promi(ed to Ddvidx^ Fa* 

* ther, fiyingi There Jkali not fml thee a Man upon the 
f Throne qflfr/iel. 

6. * But if you fliallat all.tiirn from fdlowing me, 
^you or your dhildren, and witttw^tkefp my Command- 
*inent5 and my Statuces, wfatdi I havefet before you, 

* but go ind/feive vAxr Gods,' and Worlhip them : 

- 7. * Then wJll-I cut off tfr^P out of the Land which 
*^ have giveii-th^; end thkiHou^ which I h^ve hal- 

* k)Wed formy Naoie,' *rilL I o^ft Ortt of my fight, and 
^'l^ml fbsXihk ^'Bariverh^ mii^fir Bj^mkrd among all Peo* 
^ pie. He^^re Tifaitais as 1^ fi3 Promiie% and thpfe 
Promiies arercodjiitiQnal^ h is taiii.:)(ift, that x^ who 
dA& the Promifis,'lbQk)W^f^imiij^.tQ (he conditioos. 

:** • : ■-. •■ . V 

*f . 

J MO /?V 

. «• *> 




f jco'B's VOW. : 


On GEN. adtvlii* aa 

And Jacob Pmed a Vm^fi)iHg^ tfG^d vritl 

be withmeyMd kfep me in this noaj that I go^ 
a$$dgive me Bread toeat^ofulBMjiment to f$f$ 
on^ Sep. 

N D 34cA Vowed a Vow. ^op %Jlj^hf j(^x4- 
vdi h$iy ifj^i^ ^fdi^fi^t^f* The Inter- 
preters of Homer obfcrve unro Us, th^t he 
gives unto God one kind of DiakB^ to Men 
Another* When he brings In Cod Jfeaking^ he makes 
him ule fair^ JtMothy ^nd cleat running words ; but th0 
Jfeeeba and difcomfi of Mm^ he fits with words of harder 
and harjher found and oompoiition. ^Avi&- and ^ndf^^'' 
«^P^> rfiey are but two names of one arid the fime 
River J the one a word of pleafing found taken up by the 
gods^ the other a word of unpleamig and rougher accent^ 
ufed by Men. Mfes the great Interpreter rt the Creat- 
ed God of Heavea and Earth, in thole firft words of 
my Text, feeras to have borrowed a piece of the fame 
Art. For that wjiich here in the Language of the Holy 
Ghoft he calls a Vom ( /^ Jacob Vomd a Vow ) that 


190 Jaci^s VO0. 

>)* cfy*f»«, to* fpeak acc6rding to tbeMamer ahdfhr^i 

of Men J i§ ribthliig elfe buf a ContraB or Bargain. Vow and 

Bargainin-^\S:^2^CCi are but iptf^&^'^TAs'fndf/f^^Q'* 

Vow h^I^tigioux andl Sacred' Word, ah4 thVcfere befit 

fits toexprefs our carriages and demcanctr.-With Godi 

Bargain is a degenerous and firJid word, and therefore beft 

liiits with Merchandiziqg ixxd Trafficking betwixt Man 

and Man. All things pals by way of Cmtra9 and Bar-- 

gain. - ' I5d uf. Jesj facio ; u( facias r , Service rftqilires Hiro;, 

and oh j good turn deiiiaiids another. It was die De^I 

that asK^ the gueftido. Doth Job firoe God fir nought 

But the Saints of God may abovte all other moft truly 

anlwer. That indeed ^Hif'-ila nok Fot OdJmay go fordi 

at all hours in the day, and find enough fianding idle 

in the Nferket-ptacc, ^ yift fliill he get none td woris in. 

Jiis Vineyard, except , he • bring his Pwwjy with him. 

.When Jacob in Gen. jo. retui^ed out pf the Field, Leab 

meets him, and tells him. Thou muji come info me^ for 

. furely I have hired thee with my Sons Mandrakes. Jacob 

that great Saint of God, deals m> ptherwife with God 

himfelf, then he did with Leah ; if jGod. will have y4c«t, 

he muft purchafe him with his Aif<i»/r4it«,helmufl: buy him 

'wxi^fooddndrajiment : If God will be with me^mdgive me bread 

to eat^ and raiment tofut en^ thenJhaU the Lord be my God. 

In which words, the firfl thing very remarkable, is 
a Angular difprofortion which feems to be contained in 
them. Demetrius Phalereus^ a grave and judicious Wri- 
ter, much blames an ancient Author, who defcribing 
a finall f //e, diat lives amongft the grafi, and nefts it 
ftlf amongft the T^;ees, extremely over-worded, and 
over^lpake himfelf in his expreffion of it ; iSu^ifM^) jfi 
ifHyAf i^hnu^ 64V 7«V mhot «rf oV, as if, laith he, he 
had (poken of the Nemean Lion, or the Calidonian Bore^ 
or (bme foch great and terrible~Beaft. He that fliall 
obferve the Apparatus, the great f reparation that is here 
made, might well conceive, diat there were fome great 


matter: intended. ' For firft^ here is a Vow* Second!/, 
here is the Pct/S» who conceive the Vow^ Jaed?. Thitd- 
I7, here is the Perjin to wlmnr^th Vow is made. ., Fourth- 
Ijj here is^che End for wlwoh it :is imde. ; He that fliall 
rightly (urn up thc^ firfl ibneBar^s^ and truly confider the 
greatneis of them, nught juftly think, that the laft where- 
in, as it were,the Vj[/hot and Total of the reft is compriz- 
ed, did certainly contain |oine oitraordinary matter. 
, Firft, here is a Vow. This piay not be in any light or 
trivisl d»ng. Wile Men are feldom lerious, much lefs 
will they make a ReUgkm in fmall matters. Secondly, 
here is the Ferfin^ Jdcob'^ a Peribn of great Note ^d 
Worth : For who greater in the Houfe of God then 3F4- 
cob ? one of thofe famous Triumyiri^ (Abraham^ Ijaac^ 
Jkcob^ bom whom God Was {deaied to denominate and 
Jiiie hinfelf. Could iuch an Eag^e ftrike at a Elie ? 
Could a Peribn of fiich l^ote make a Vow^ or commence 
a Suit -for a Trifie ? So great a Courtier in the Court pf 
Heaven had^ leam'd his Courtfihipa little better, than to 
ipend Favour in iinall Matters, ^uadarn heneficia accifi- 
ente minora fint. Benefits and Favours, fuch may be, as 
that they may be unworthy and too mean for b*m to 
whom they are tendrol. When Caligula the Emperor 
had fent to Demetriusy a famous Philofopher, a round 
Sum of Money to tempt him, and try what was in him, 
he rge£ted it with Scorn, and replied. Si tentare me vo^ 
luerat^ toto illiexferiendus eramimferio: If. the Emperor, 
(faidi he} had a purpoie to try me, he fliould have caft 
ins whale Empire at. my Feet, and tried me with that. 
And how can it be that S^acobj a Perfbn fo far above D^- 
metriuSf could think of asking, or receiving a fmall and 
common Benefit ? as it is fabled of Thomas A^uiras^ that 
being asked of Chrifi in a Vifion, what Reward he 
would hay^, reply'd, Ntdlum^ Domine^ frater teiffum ; 
IVflff^, Lordy but thy felf: So, BeloVtd, had God made 
proffer uiito Jacob for all the benefits he had to give, 

\X% I 


I do npt ice what better choice he could have miade^ 
fiian t\pX of Aqmnas NuBum Drnnincj jvsfn mffim ; Mmk, 
Lord^ fave \thy fe^. For the whole luigdom ^ 
Heaven it ^f, might it he n^ihim God^ woidd not be 
Worth the taking. The Gircumftance therefore of the 
Pkrty filing, muft needs put us h, ea^edation of iome 
great 'matter^ But We have not jet done. For to zaife 
our Expe6btion yet % little hig|ber, a tbkd Cimmfianfit 
offers it lel£ The Gtrcumftanco of ihe Perfi% ta tpbom 
the Vow or Suit is nuuk^ and that is G$d^ the QreM B^pig 
if Heaven and Earth. So gfcat a OoMr, el^)ectally at the 
Requdl of (b great a Suitor^ Connor beftow but iome 
great Benefit. .^uaJam benrftda mknra fhttt^ -^utm m 
exire a magni vitis debeam. Besets and Favoun muft 
<^rr7 iome proportion with the greatnefi and worduoefi 
of the Dwior. Whea a Friend olF Akxmukr the Great 
had askM him ten 7alentSj he tendred^to him^ j and 
when reply was made that ien were (uffident, Ihr^ fiid 
he. Tin are Jifffident fin yeu to takf^ ha net for me, i§ 
give. Beloved, had ^ob been but ibme or^nary Sui- 
tor, axid contented himfelf with iome fmall Siiit, yet is 
it not likely that C^ %^ a Dcmr as Gei ir. Would fie his 
Homur and M^fieence to fufier, by parting with iome 
ordmary or contemptiUe Favour. Hitherto all things 
l|)eak and promife nothing but Greatmjk But fee here 
the great Diffropertion I noted unto you. For w^t is 
the end of all this ferious and Relij^us PW, or what 
Requefl: is it that th^ grea$ Suiter moves to £> great a 
Lard? Nothing elie but ^Bread and garment to put OOU 
If God will give me Bread te eat^ and l^imene te fui 0% 
then (hall the Lord be my God A Suit of the loweil and 
meaneft Rank imaginable. For which of us all wodd 
lerve, I fiy, not iome great King, but even a mean 
Lord, at fi cheaf a hand ? The wandring Levite in the 
Book of Jh^w, M4xich hires out hlmielf to AdKcii^, thiJa 
it not enough to have jif parrel and ViStuals^ but he will 
have ten Shekels by the Tear fir his fVages. We have a 


• •Jl.lll • 

S^ying^ No Service to the Service (f a Kif^. J^ 
ccb^ it ieems^ folds k not fo. The wandring Levitt 
finds a better Service with a Country iFarmer ^ than Ja^ 
tab doth with the great Ring of Heaven and Earth. Food 
0td I(^Mma^ they are rather Dtbita then Beneficia^ they 
fiem rather Jue Bebts than Favours. Non homini dmtur^ 
fed humanitati. None to wicked, vont 16 contemptible^ 
but thus mudi is due to him, if not to his Pjerion, yet 
to his vtry Nature and Being. Good Laws» and Ma- 
giftrates many times, and in many Fafhiqns, cut off qf- 
fenders hy Death ; but no Law did ever prefcribe, nor ho 
good Ma^rate dB ever pi^<fHfe to take away the Life 
of any Offender by ftarvir^ him, Tiberiuf. and Caligula^ 
andfime odi^ who are recorded to have gra6bHed this, 
are noted tad pointed out for Tyrants and, Monfters of 
their Age. He whc^ hadi no i^bt to his Ltfe^ as ha** 
ihg forfeited it to the Law for fome Offence, yet fphit^Ji 
bis Breath remains in hiih, hath a Right untp his Bread^ 
and this a Right which rn^ing can foifeit. How tbeii 
(hall we Qfteem this as a Favpur, for which Jacob dodi 
thus Religioufly old^e hlmfelf unto God ? In the firff 
df Sanmel^ God leaves it as a Curie upon the Pofterity of 
£&; that they ihould comeand ci!ouch £or sl Piece oflSit" 
■wirr, and a Morfil ^f Breads and fiy. Put me^ I fr^y thee^ 
into m^ of the Priejls OfficeSf tLu I maj eat a Piece of Breads 
When j4eob do A dws kll himfelf unto God forFaw/ 
and Hfitmnt^ what is it die iq outward (hew, but a fiec0 
pf that Cmfi^ which is laid upondieR>fterity^of Bli. 

Yetall dis.whidi we have iaid« and what elie to 
the fitse purpoi^ may be (aid nQtwithibnding, the 
Pans if mjf Text do all hold yrith one ^xxonSaer good Sjm^ . 
metry and Profo/irtion^ rSpsx^ is nothing aimis, nothing to 
{)e amended in diem. As ibm^ cifrious Statues^ if ye lool^ 
upon them, not in their Se U^t and diilance, ieem ve- 
ry iU-fawatt^d and diffrofartimd j but viet9 them at their 

fk^ Wi ^Hhiap^i flild qodung fliail ^in moxcbeaut^^ 

154 ^acoVs Vom] 

more fropttiondble. So, Beloved,' fares it with this 
Text of Scripture, how iefarvid and diffrofcrtimd foevcr 
it may fcem to fenjij and 'm that which Senfe doth yield ; 
yet if we look into it in the right Spiritual Light, with 
which God endows thofe which are Ipiritually minded j 
we (hall not fifid any thing fuller of true Art and Btaaty: 
That I may therefore help you a little, and place yoiiin 
the true Light, I will confiderthis Vow ofJacob\ firft, 
comfaraiivelyy in regard ofhimfelf ; and fecondly, abfilute- 
Ijy in its 0^ feature ; and out of both draw Leflbns for 
your Inftruilion, * ' . ' 

And* firft, of the Vow com^m-aHvefyy in regard of the 

Ferjbn dotting. Where . - - . 

Firft of all I will (peak a little by way o(ConceJfim and 

Grant, For' let it be liippofed, that it had been Ibme 

finaU and comemftible thing that Jaeoh had ask'd, fiich a 

thing, that a great Heart would fcarcbly have deign'd 

to ftoop to ; yet Jacob hiA donie nothing unbefimng him^ 

felf. Timanthes vrix% a famous Painter iamong the Anti- 

ents, and it was obferved ofhis'Pieccsj that there was 

always in them Ibmewhat more than was exprefs*d .- He 

pi9xir'd.H?n?«/«fleeping, in a (mall Tible^ but that it 

might be Icnown to be the Draught of a Man ofextra- 

ordinary Bulk and Stature j he Art^ two Pigmies by 

him, taking the Compafe and Meafure of his Thumb. 

This AS: tJfJiic(7^'s like to orxt dl Jimanthess Pieces, there 

is more xx> be underftood^ in it then is expreft ; for 

though it feerii hiA finaW^ ViX^ taihing frofortiimabk to fo 

' great a Perfon, yet if we compafi and fathorii it well, 

we fhall underftand a greater Leflbn contained in It. 

Jacob dedicating' himfelf unto God^ upott (iich eajie Terms^ 

and accepting a thing fo (mall, fliewed moft apparently 

what Efteem he had of his God, arid that he vklu*d him 

in his Perfon^ not in h^ Benefits^ and hath left Imto us to 

kblbkite example in what maimfer we ought to love otur 

God; To love -God fir hin^l/y this is to be a Friatdif 

• -A. * - . " . < <, .*;.... Cod'y 

\ . '• . • 

1 . 

1 , JofoVsVhpl xgf 

I Gcdy to love bun for his benefit sy this is to be a Mer 

chant. Could Jacob have paOed, bv Fpod oftct J^imenfj a 
well a^ihe did all other good Benepts of Godj he would 
not have given bimfelf thus unto God upon G^mjpofiti- 
on, hut abiolutelv, and without ' condition. Now he is ' 
conftraind.tQ faU^uppn the. Condition of Food and t^i- 
mnt; for without this he (;6uld not love his Gpd, be- 
q^jufe withoQt this he could hot fdjifi. or haVe'hi$ Be- 
Vig. By this he evidently witheffes, that he therefore^, 
and for no other, end defired w he^ but only to love and, 
Jirve his God. Jt was God alon^^dhis goo4 Accep- 
tance, whicb.^4<?of doth here conjpound for, under the 
Temwof Food and I{fimcnt. It was an excellent Speech"* 
gf Criffus Paffienus^ a witty Gentleman of %we, J%o^' 
rmdam fi judicium malle quam beneficium^ quorundam bene-, 
£cium, malle quam judicium : Some Man's Love is bettfer 
tnan fome M^n*s Mw^y; fome Mans BJeJpeSl and good 
Opinion 13 more to be efteem'd than another Man's Be- 
nefit. Malo Divi Augufti. judicium^ mala Claudii benefici* 
unk* I had rather have Augifluh good Opinion, than* 
reap any Benefit or Commodity by him , for he was a 
wife undcrftanding Prince : but I had rather reap (bme 
Benefit by Claudiusj .than have his good Opinion ; for 
he was a Prince of fliallow and weak Uiiderftanding. 
Doth .not 3ac(df here exprefi the (ame Conceit ? It leems 
he dqth: For, when he. came to compound with Mei^- 
he made his Bargain in another manner. When he 
came to Laban^ he would not ferve him for Bread and 
Haiment only, but fourteen Tears he ferves him for his 
IVives^ and fix Tears for his Flock, : By thefe means he 
rais*d unto himfelf a great and numerous Family, and 
becamp riqh and wealthy. Why did he thus ? could 
he not have covenanted with God, as he did with Laban^ 
and fii have grown rich at an eafier hand ? He could j 
but in dealing with God and with Laban^ his. End was 
not the finie. Maluit Dei judicium^ maluit Labams befiifi- 

U 4 xwiwi 

%^6 fkcob^Vom. 

eiwn : with God he ioiight Acceptance and good Opink 
on y with Lahan he fi>ught his own Coimnodity, for 
what could the good Opinion of a Fool profit hira ? fot 
feell L^m a little but the other way, and I^abat is his 
Name, and Folly is with hinu Let us refle£tii Httle upon 
our ielv^ ^t/iim cms^KttJr ^fio^fSi^ ^^^ S^- ^^ 
Jffiomi See here the exprefi Irbage and Chdra£ler of ail 
Apoftle, rhat whidi we. can harcfiy digeft in St. Paul^ to 
^e content with Food and ^itnent^ that we fee to be the 
Praiiife of the antient Patriarchs, who were in lb great 
^ place of efteem wth God. But as for us, which of us 
all doth (b lire, as if he ^uld content himlelf with Jd* 
tol^s Portion, and ferve God for Food andJ^in^ent ? Ma* 
Irnms Deibenefcium quam judicium *• We &rve 6od nlofc 
for Commodity, than to gain his good Acccptahce. Aiid 
yet we lee not that this do^ give a deadly Wbuijd to otar 
Love to God, or rather indeed qliite pluci off our Mask, 
and (hews that we have no Love to God at all, Dodl 
notour own Experience fliew us this^ Such as are 
richly rewarded by us, if they bear us Reipeft and 
Xiove, either we fufpe£i: it, or think it not a thiiig thank- 
worthy, becaufe they are well hired unto it, but fiich 
who unprovoked and of themfelves affedk add refpefl uSj^ 
of iuch Mens Love we have no cauie to be fuipicious^ 
Let us therefore look ufon God^ not on hit Benefits: Nei- 
ther let us be too bufie, too importunate to call for 
thenj. Whilft they lie in the hand of God, they are 
like Moneys put to the Bankers, the longer they Kd . 
there, they fhall return with greater Profit. It is an 
(excellent thing to have God our Debter. Happy is that 
Man, who having lived uprightly, hath had the leaft 
art of God's Temporal BleiEngs. For when God is lb 
ree of his Secular Benefits, SuffeSam habe b4nc DmM 
irdulgentiam ; It (hall not he much ami^i to be fbme- 
what jealous of this hjs Kinjlnels : May be, it is to giv^ 
ps that Anlwer which is in th.e C5olj)eL Acceftfti^ metr 


tidMf) You \mi t<nir Rc^afd. Let us not A^?rtfort 
Wcr-haftily pull mem out of tfie VbvA.^^ of Gr!, left 
peradvcnture We tmieh dhniniffa^ or r-*:/:^ ]-? ^ r^^« Re* 
#anl which wii c9tpe6t at that Ds^^ ;t.?^; v^'-.^j- 'nith 
St. Chvyfift^ Let Us not ask, if- God \::?f} -. ~ , / %j: 
j&^/ fiirther thah he Wmfelf hath -fy--^--^ v-, '< ; .p ^ v heit 
he taught ife to piaf^ Give us tins / v - -'/v " i- -^^ifc 
Father cafls theft Words, ifti^mAf ^ yvofa^ ««'vei 71- 
ifU /te? ilfv ^^ ^t' fitammp imm? mici^ai ; He calls 
them Bounds and Limits, (he'Wing; how far wc aiSe per*- 
lifltted to go in requiting thefeTempbralBlcflings at the 
Hmd of God. All this have I ipc^en bj way of Conh 
keffidh tai'Gr^^ (as I tdd yon) by way of SuppolM, 
.rt^ the thing tere coVcnanted for by !facoh^ is A fih^ 
M eohteh^f^ Af/Atef-. But if we IfJeak ilprigh(3y, ft 
1i a great) a Very great thfing j s^ hArm }ipx^ ftX^^- 
^4, as St ehrjifdJMh ipeaks, full df PhOifofhical t^uH- 
mu The JSnNif 6i[ Phikfifhers^ who m contempt rf the 
World and wpiMly ffiit^, wfent ^cll nedr as far as 
Chriftians, hi^ h\k of rfieir owft redfon Ibuftd out, 
ahd acknbwledgkl thus much. TKb t^iw^r, titrho weit 
'atcoutited a wife Sift of K&ti, Arid great Contemner^ 
^tfthe- W*ldrh&^e gone lb for, as. that diicrfr ha^e 
jpjaihly fcoM vk that ; ami the l^cx^ of fttoPii me I%|- 
lo^her are luU of ft, Tliat %Mfe ahd hmft tOah^ if 
hi hkve his Hetft^/Siyf ViHid'afidl^aimem^fir true Haffifiefi is 
cmfaraHe eikh ito &>d bim/ef. "iTlis Was fbmeWhat a 
large f^y^rfofr, aftdorer-rdachJng^)iedi; j^t ootofJti 
thus much is apparent, that y^ ^^^Mi he made this 
Covenant^did not delcend a #h{t ben^th himleif^ liei^ifac 
did he ought which did not well belSem 16 greataPferioh. 

The DoEttitKs wMch are here confiderable for yoor 
Inftmaions, } will raife frdm thefe t0o Huads. Firft, 
jFrom the PCTjfSn that makes theGofvenant Secondly, 
pom tie Ihifig and Cwenant itfelf. 

And firfti from the Perfih. ti&s dccdlcnt Leffon may 


be drawn, T!hM <> h tio Bnemy to Ma State imdpt4ineji$ 
to ha^ but afinoB Portion of the Worlds Benefit » Jacol^^ 
Portion, Food and I^aiment^ is an Heritage well befitting 
great Peribns, men in greateft Place and Authority. 
3f4colfj who was a great Pcrfen indeed, and knew, 
doubtlefi, what would beft maintain his Greatncli,would 
4iot have ftuck to make demand of* more, had he 
thought it had concerned his Place and Periop. The 
.World had a longtinje flood, 'ere Po^^/y^was counted ^ 
Unemji or Dijgrace to Gre^ftnefs ; and certainly he was zs^ 
utter Adrerfary to true and real Woi^th, who firft be^ 
gat that Conceit, and put any dii^^ence betwixt ^b 
fnd Poor. Jufitery in Lucian^ calling the Gods together 
to a Confultation, gives order that they fliould ut fh»* 
mlnv^ v» ietpv^Vy according to the Matter out of 
which they w^e jmade, not according to the Art by 
which they were frainpd: Firft, the Gods of Gold a.n4 
Silver^ though bqt J^^ughly and grofly made, without 
Art ; and next to them the Grecian Gods of Ivory^ Mir- 
bU 4ad Brafty though wrought with much more Art and 
Skill. It was 3^fit€ry that is, the Ikvil^ whom the Scri- 
pture calls thejGpJ of this ff^r/d^ tt^t firft fet this Or- 
der, that Men ftiould be ranged ^AtfTf/JV^i^ ii& iejesivJ^v^ 
accordbg to their, IV^aUhj not accprding to their H^rtb. 
,I*or God, whobeft knows how the World ought to be 
iqanaged, in the fiventeentb of Deuteronomj^ letting do wa 
the Quality and Manner o/ a I^ngy exprefly fi)rbicl« nmltiflj Borjis^ or greatly to multiply Gold and 
Silver j but inftead of thele he commends unto him Pity^ , 
Humilit^y and the frequent Studjf of the Lam^ for the true 
means and ways by which his Kingdm fhould be upheld. 
. If it be thus with Sufream 4uth&rit;fj much more ought 
it to be (b with Inferior Power* It was the Speech of 
^uUan the Apoftata to his Souldio's, ^Nec pudebit hnperato^ 
rem cmBa bona in dnimi cdtu ponentem profiteri^ paupertor 
.^em honejiam. Honeft Poverty can never be a Dilgrace 


to that ffii^ of Emperor^ Twli&r -pkccs hj&^gr^^fl: Hap" 
pinels in the Culture of Hs!jo«rn Hearts HtrM^^ 4"^ 
foftate^^th'SLt ipafce thtfSi: ;but<fc.:thts - be- w^sf^ z},0vriftlan :.^ 
and that . Oiriftian ^hat;yiinks'otb«rWi^,/ifi;th^ he is, 
an Afofiktn. Ncv5ei?- weftC k^better with Riiigdoips^and, 
Cbtrimdn^wawls, : tharf wheh •. Ay thori^ji ,iidi Magiftracjf » 
werelhus iminded. B^^mffa^cflU :''pmff9refj\n^ifiy4M 0^^^piiblicamMai^aTft^ mm ai^ff^ reives- pufias 
fdt^iitim^ fik:it - ejpi i($iiijmhli^inh .* ifiith c nRrfw*«^f ' Poor. 
Magiftratoi'make ;ac :fi«h, .CommoarV^lh^iii^ ;^ wl^j 
Magiftracyi.makcs tki6 V,€k)mrooa-weilthv/but-,'fl!oon > It 
may ftenr a Paradclj^^msrih^ World gofts^: but if you^ 
look keaii yt ihall fi6d:it ^aioft true,;; that, noqe aie to, 
fit to be railed to Plal&s of/Ecoineacy-and P9Weir>.?% 
thofe who can beft dobjbenc tteinfelyjes iwiilb,y^f4*» Por-^ 
tion. The Praftifeiifther World Jn-rffltottor kind eati» 
fbew k you. Menjwho.jfeek. out .fit.inftrumcnts fot 
Vili/^j cti^ke choice. of iiidiashav^ no Dcpeiidaoces, no^ 
FaoaiUqK, no ^feans, that^-are J^.tej'finerjjpe^lthait od^, 
theriayc any riling, ijpr hope of any:thing rtp bias theaj.^ 
For Men that ftand albne^' that are free ironi Incora» 
btmdQ^'&aLt are oiilyithemfelvBV.are evermore moft 
reflate iii;undertafcii^ Dangers. NoMr^.7Beloyed, them 
is nothing ignore dangesou^ tjhani the ;;tcue and udpartial 
rmm^ng vi Place of Authority : ^ ibil 15 the World 
of dfofe, quorum intemfi^ whom it 'floth nearly coiH^ern, 
that^Juftice and Egiiity take no place... Now who 16 
likdy^ to ^ walk ;«/rigk{^ -here, as they who have m re^ 
jj^^/ to iway them? ^dwho£)&ee from SLe^^, a$ 
^ey who amttfa themfehes with le^ ? Wb^t is it that 
can^^iway them from :their Integrity ?' Whofe PerCwi 
itieed-tbey to refpeft ?. what Lofles nesdthey. fear ? But 
he that i hath ^his^^ln£r>^ his H^j^/, Jbis . £»^, bis 
^rieHtb^ his Fws j hbw is it ppffible heihould ever drive 
'tight'? Tht. lUdriners telt us, That their Compafi can 
nev^r befet right hear unto JTrwij for Iron Imh an t^ 
•'' ' ' ^ ' tra^ivt 

ttiStm f»o€^ wA if)erpeeiiaOy makes die lUik hfimvel 
Men in Pkce of Authority are fike the C«fi^4^ b aShsp^ 
ahd by theft the whole ScKrdoes dind it lel£ AnJriH- 
#^ Ikft^ KsMf, and die like, dieie are to nmy tnkst 
e^ty one of force to Jbajf the HetJh^ and who 9x& not 
then in what danger wiego? :^m hence come all thole 
MifiJiie& under Wbidi we gitxm, €amipHm in plafae of 
ykdiea0urei in our BhBidm^ Briierj^ and Petjm^ and 
preferring Perfeiis woithlefi, ix at: leaflrnot £> worthy, 
ilpofi the £e#/fr/ pfg^^ Perfii$s^ whom we dare not ctif 
pjkeafe. For when our own Amhitiim hath made tis ob- 
ii<^oiis to great Peribns, ixeeds muft we ky our iHves» 
durOffioes, (Jur Conftiencei, it di6 Feet of tfaofe on 
^(Mn our Hop^ aie'builc; Ait tfaefe ^convenience^ 
yffttt at an end, ^ great Mm could but diink favourably 
^ Ja€d>*% Portiisn^ or learn of fsah^ That hheft Po- 
itm/ is M Di^a6e to OreTunifi : But Greatnefi flies to 
fhefe Htipi of Weatdky and Worldly Fbmp only, a» dss 
Lame doth nni» his Sa^ becaufe, for die moft part»^It 
waMs dMitCfUe and natural ftrengdi, by whidi it ought 
to be uphdd. For when we l^ve wttl fetrdi'd the 
Poinft, weihaitfec, that fttxe of Wealdi, and outward 
Gk>ry# afe nothing dlS but die to^aabfe Supples d£ o- 
tfaef thingii fiiore 'HoceffioTV more fufaflantialt whibhare 
wanting* f'or Wdx it not fyr ihefe Sl^ferters^ Great'- 
mji Withoot »aegni)f ahd Ufhrighenefi nmft needd &U to 
the Groimd. M&V ^nm nirput efl qua$h exceUem^ efi 
fkmtibH taMHi^ §S dejficdnkm 'oititat^^ ^iift/ eft ettim 
Uind frifteifatm flM timkmm fiAtinStoie^ n^hemnsHtth 
lui hfimkie } oat quid eft ttignitds minJ^j mfi emame^ 
imm in hood Tbstt is nothsig more oditw than to be 
gmt /* PJace^ ^d cememftiite in Ufe and Carria^. For 
w&t is Wmur widiout iiefen^ but a bare tfiripidn u^ 
on a tmtti Carpaie ? or yii^Bt n Digniqr in d 0wrtkkfi 
Pierfmi^ but a ^^fmel thrown into die Dift ? To iu^y 
dierefbre ijbe Laqs^eS of it^ ^ to keep it fipm BilUng, 

; ^t whidi is want^g in hm^d IVmh^ mud: 1^ ^na4c; 

good with m^^4rd ?mp and Shew, which are h^^ 
Naijls to (aften U4s to the' Wall,^ who cannot ftand of 
themielves for want of life. For let no mat Perfif^ii^ . 
(peive himfeif, if he have not the true Lirc of Greatnefi^ 
he is hut an /42c^/» and the p^hlick Reverence which Mq| 
yield hi^l, is but s( kiiki of I&Afiq:. S^n^ca \xxmog wf^ 
fidered with himielf AtVamiiy cf ld$l-fPir/hif u&d v\ hli 
I'imes, tells i^ that wile Men did fuch things tmi^f^^ 
Ugibus juffoy nfff tfii^im diis j^kcmti^*^ *not out of (n|f 
~^ i^to pl^ the God3, but bcc^uie the Laws pre^ib- 
pi this Farm of Service. Bclovodi, all this Cermuxag 
i^id outward Honour which is given to ihele CsvU I^dt^ 
fo wo]rd4?i$ Peribns, ieated inP^of Gz)eatneis, it i^ 

"" bu^ a l^d of UoUwmfhif^ proceeding, not out of anj 

trueZreal to tbieir P^rfbns, but only the Xays and Cu^ 
ftpms under which we live, command us to yield ^er 
Terence unjco Perfixns in Au$hority^ let their ijviei |^ 
what they will When S^/&f/2^4/^Kjngof%^ had taken 
s^way iSaoik goldei^ Shields which Solomcn had dedicated in 
the Temfde, I(fhotogm his Son (that wiie ManJ iup- 
pjied thein with fraafen Shields. Bebved, Pi^/r» Infegrir 
^ ^% i^V^i^ adverjh graidam aninms^ymSi^ 
thej(e and the Uke ate tbele goUm Shields which fliould 
h$Lng up in our Temples of Honour ; But if any Alai^ 
. havii^ Ip^ theie, fiipply them with ou^mard Pomp and 

\. Glcn^^ he doth but ^Bl^hoboam did, inftead of Shields ff 

jl ^^ he hrin^ in nothbg but Nehufhtan^ b4ie and broff' 

^en Stuff. So then it appears, that Jacobs Portion, hor 
nM Poverty^ is no Impedim^t to ^aecfs Greattufsy nay 
itsrather away t6 encreafeic^ . ^ 

Yea, but ye will fay. That lVe4th and outward 
Means may ierve to adorn and let forth Virtue and Inter 
grify^ und commend it to the World y and in this r&- 
{pc£k Jacob might have done well to have had ibmt 
diought of it in his Covenant with God. No, Belov- 

i I 

3 ox ^acolfsVom 

• • - . , , , 

cd^ it did not defenre to b^* thodght o£ It is but an Er* 
ror to think, tlrnt Inte^i^ and Vfrigbtnejs of Life re- ' 
ceires any^ Beauty or Liiftre BptPL' any thing without it; 
It is repbrted of the T^odiafis; ^vhzymg a StatUe of 
cxcfeUent Work, lo add Grace linto it, they would ^i/rf V 
it J and when they had fo done, they fiw thfey had 
much obfcured the Worktnanfljip, 4ira therefore were 
fein to wajh off the G<?-f again^. 'Shall I apply- it thus, 
that true Piety is a thing of fiich fefecllent Workmanfeip, 
that I(khes'^nd ommard Lufire ad^ to it, are but like 
the I^odi'an skdy which muft hemajhei off again ? No, 
Beloved I but this I will fiy^ That as it receives Beauty 
and Omofhei^t froin no eftatcof Life, ft it gives it unto 
all.' Be it i^or and lo» Bftate^ or be it in a rich and 
mi^lc BJfdt^j it is the (ame m both ; it makes ix>th P0- 
verty imd I(ltfys alike acceptable unto God, and it gives 
•linto all Eftates that Bckuty, that Art and Life, of 
which they are capable. EaderA tdrtute isr f^ala ^ncitur 
fmrtuna^ (S ordinatur bond; Indeed Ariftotleij our great 
Mafter in the School of Nature, would needs perfwade 
us, that to maike up a compleat happy Man, befide$ 
the inward virtues of the Soul, there is required a Mea* 
lure of the outward Benefits^ both of Perfin^ and of For- 
tune, But, Belevcd, thefe Peripatetical DUcomfis^ that 
thus compound an happy Man of (b many Ingredients, 
they are like unto the BiBs of Ibme deceitful Phyfidans, 
who to make the greater Qftentation and Shew of Art, 
are wont to put in many Ingredients^ which do neither 
good nor harm. 

Hitherto I have (poken d JacoPs Covermit relative; 
ly, with refpeft unto Jacoh'^s Perfin, The reft of the 
time I will take up in confidering the Preceft finifly and 
alone by it felf, and (hewing you in brief whkt reasons 
they are which moved Jacobs and fo ought to move u% 
thus to covenant with God for Food and Raiment only. 





Jacobs Vow. . '^b^' 

And firft of all, we fliatt not need to (eek far, here 
lies a Reafbn hard at hand, which though it concerns 
jiot Jacoby yet nearly concerns us: Woidd you know 
what It is ? It is Jacch^ the Perfon of whom all this while 
I have (poken. One and the lame ^aeob is to us both a 
PreSpt 2iiA^ K^afiny and an Examfh /dam to do. For' 
which of you aU, Beloved, who ferioufly and rcligiouf 
ly reading jthis Paffage, is not prompted by his owq 
heart thus. Si Jacobs curnm tS ego? ]i Jacobs lb greats 
Perlbn, lb powerful with God^ and Man, if he thought 
it fit thus to do, then how much more Ihould I ? And 
& much the more powerful is this Realbn^ becaule it 
brings an Bxamflt with it : For in Precefts of dIflSculty, 
no Reaf(Hi lo efle£):ual as an BxamfUj elpeciatly of ibme 
great and worthy Perlbnage ; ludi a Reaibn is of force 
above all other ^afins and Precefts whatlbever. 

For firil of all, bare Precefts and ^grfms 2XtJfeculaHve ; 
much may be laid, and yet ftiU room left for doubting, 
either of PoJJibiUty or of Cmvementy and Profit^ or the 
like J and eVery fuch doubt and fcruple abates much of 
defire to enter into aftion. But a ^afin accompanied 
with an Examfky and that of Ibme memorable and ^^4^ 
Perfiftf this leaves in us no doubt at all, neither of Pojp- 
bility nor Convenient. 

Again, od^^afins and Precefts^ that may ibmetimes bd 
&id, which one ^)eaks m Herodotus j This ihew was made 
for Heftiaus^ but Arifiagoras wears it. For many times 
to give a Precefty and to do it, is more than one Mans 
Work. A thing which doda exceedingly hinder the 
PradKfe of many good Lcflbns j for he that will per- 
fwade a good Leflbn, fliall hardly do it, if he follow it 
not himfelf But here we have one that perlwades us, 
by the ftrongeft and moft eflFe£hial manner of perlwafi- 
on, namely, by Example and . Aftion. And that you 
may fee I have caufe to pleafe my felf in this J^e4/3», I 
muft confeli, I do not lee to what Logic Place I can go, 




'304 ^aco^sVdt. 

to draw thencp 4 more forcible MoriVe. For let all dt6 
Pr^ceps^ all the Examples of Qiriftiam tending this wayi 
l^ laid in the Scale, and this one Ex4m(le (hall weigh 
ti;iein all down. ¥6t many things^ rnar^ Cirpm^anc^s 
are there, which (hpuld make this Reiolution familiar 
sjnd eafie to us, which to 'iacA muft bcf very hard, and 
jhcarefore of the greater Merit. For firft, S^Piw/hadj 
fiJ7en us the Precept, Having food and Kftment^ wo ought 
lk<r€witb tfl he conum-^ and many Qiriftians have left u^ 
li^ir Examples upo^ record. But who gave 'Jacoh any 
frec^u or left him an Example} For ought appean^ 
him^lfwas n> himlelf both Preceft and ^xamfU. Again, 
hehadix>t the like Promiles, ((b far forth as we can con* 
l^Qvirc by what is written) at leafl: he had them not (o 
fully, To evidenthr, fi> plainly laid down as we bave^ ht 
fkw them but obfcurciy, uqder T^/e/and figuros-, but 
with ua, all the vail qf^pes and Bgfir^s is qu&c remov«*^ 
^. Lail of all,he haa>not the |ike Abilities as We hav& 
For fif what we teach jn our Books be truej there is a 
larger meAfwrc of Grace f enabling us to the fulfilling of this 
Puty, (bed in the Hearts of us' Chriftians, then Was ri- 
yen the Fathers before the coming of our Saviourl AH 
thei^ l^iid together, lerve to (hew the ftrength of diis 
our firft reafon. Si Jacob j eur nm (3 ego ? If Jacobs 
who was to meet with £> many Diiadvantages to wreftlei 
with io many Difiiculdes, fi-qm all whidi we are firee : 
If 34CQhj I fiy, could naake fueb a Vop^ then how much 
more ought we to do it. And let this (iiifice for .a firft 


0\xx fecond I^^on let be this, To us in tlris Life there 
is nothing neceflary but Tood and J^mem^ and therefore 
ought we, as Jacob here doth, covenant with God for 
nothing dfe. A realbn of very good confequence ; For^ 
Beloved, while we are in this Life, it doth much im^ 
port us not to trouble our felves with St^erfluiHes. The 
Scripture every where Cclk us, that we are Strar^ers and 




isxA 'tbat%e Js^j^ 4 Oi^ to tmt : No^ (Bdove^) <iutf orwil 
Expefifa^ tdb w, ho^'^s^^ a iliingilit h for 
9rr/0f^er/. '^ and 9^0)^1^ Msh '■ toix :iimbtAn$d 

pfith um^c^JSh ^/qf anfd&ggaget ^ Firft^oitiiE^Mbrj «i A 
tbeff^^j ztid}TQakt&M iAyie on biic iWty. ' SecxHydiy^ 
it ixfo/h id fo-iy^imfft'^ iSmnfj^ and RabbergL^i HoW 
dangprovs k i^ t;o giow rich, in zjhar^e Plac^- Jatot 
1 • ^,^ if ' wh6tt^e ^jeakr i^^^tte^ii^^ J for 
i()pouhie^T^tli lh^'^t7iK^/f Latm, aivl kept his 
Sfbtelnilir Ibw; 1^^ Um : 

&tt WTpipififcr i*^aklii8 Ploii'Mnerekfidi teid 'he gfowii 

jfiiaflge^liS;S<^s R^^ Woixl^ 

Sind & & !faln^t»^flf for VisfEife.- 'M^ cwifitk jaau^am 

farcin^^tum i)n^ilithent^tp^jp^c^^ feitli 'one of A»^ 

tx^ndffr " tKb' Great, it ,^as, a fingulatr part of Wil3oni 


Vroxeu mm^ tiiq ^jacXaneurj.tYM H'we gam tnr iwteiy 

fesr And let m Mgn be difinajed for thisj for behoM^ 
^reiteif fttii Ui^j^amkry erte theCa'ptam of the 'Ijord 
ftmoftj .btii* Lofd and^VJour Jgfi/ CAr^, hathafibr-* 
^ as/ kl£tj¥^^S gaih fhe I8att'el, fand gairi it wc ftil^ 
if We te "^JQt W r^j^^^ ^ <?/ir ^J^J[ we.fliail nptf on!^ 
Recover duF o^rf* agaiji,' b!4t ppflell fwir^kcs c^ ^hal 
-Was pur fiiertilfesi^ Vitfi a thbufind fold encreafe ''Wheii. 
^^j>i& fent fw J& Father and .Brethren- kito'K^j'/jV he 
feof dleW•S^f^^/,^and 'W^^f, and Ptohifim for the yi>«i^ 
Y^V; • forihe-Way J but widial, he fends them this MeA 
' ' X fige 

3o$ J^\ Vm\ 


kist«;>£^e5(jftl)JiiRl6lf t^ ^ (aatj^ScBf^, .land 


SwlSkr^9^nW^.Lf^^i\h mM^^ .Q5*%/^f were' 
i»s^»^I«y> l^)»)JS:jflt^^fiff4J^,jjr^ W<«^^ ^ij^fi from 

iHS'tt^iw^ «^**^^f ^,cJH]^ng Aei^pfcp^^^ 


^.ifej J^fcjth^ for what reaibn i^i^^^^^ 
%?v^i^.^e^H4fe^(ji. f5>r^lhe feme rcaton di^^arej^Jj^ 
)?«^«#i<}r.Us.^-.i -...»,!.../ , .,^ , ,, -■ ' , / 
i^Kigptbefcifep. I maj'bc.quefticjn'd. ^^'^^ th^niKs 

^iPiaiiy^ g<?5)d\^]Qrcatur^ i;^ ,the .^bric|,\ were ifaey, p" 
IQaidiE to be enjE>yed> If Jaqyk^s pprtioi^,lie nothlhg^i^i^ 
^t,V(f>d ^ l^mtjit^ why .Old tjod provide! EQore th^s). 
that ? .Was it his Pleafure, . xhat all thC; reft fiiouli rU» 
watv -?.^^^9 I wopld be loth to opp^fe tljat commoil 
I^HRCijie^of Nature, Dms (3 Natiira^mhfl ff(^m fiujltd^ 
-vl *' '^ '"' God 


God and Nature aj-e nc* nrpnt,to /ofe fUpr J^boui. 
*rhere' is' ufe for tlio^ jthu;^|. bur not ^t ppra^v^t- 
rure whicli'\ye would "Wl;^ rf' fe^TS"*"-*^^^ *^ 
wi'hca PiomeVeus had ftol iiiFara out, p(: Heass^i, K^'tjy, 

a (jon ?s he faw iC, Wft^.flpd« gols;^ tf* "^-t^rP 
nuy be maaj good ufesoF fjire, ^^ ^^?{fepfrjD£.r|)eta. 
riiey 11 h ) tl ub pltii £^r t^ ^u^^ gf foC' Word, ijicy 

njld d<j ^a the Sam 3id by the Fire, thw ■yyi^HW feP 
f&Mf, and hug them, and love'^hem as their own Soul. 
This is that Vfe, or rather Ahiife, which, if I could, I 
Would willingly remove ; will you know then the chief 
XJJe for which they were njade ? It Is fomewhat a ftrange 
one, and one of which you will have no great Joy to 
hear ; Th^ mere maJe for Tetuftatim. They are in the 
World as the Cdnamitet were in Camm, to try and 
pmiii UMitbiibBp mt. siidli-iri 'Tht; wiy\> litGHJ vttd. 
For it was the Purpofe of God, that the way to Life 
fliould be M47TM>, that Man {hould be the Subje£): of 
OheJience, and Vertuey and htdujhy. For this purpole, 
by the very Ordinance 6f God, are fo many Entice- 
ments, £) many Allurements* £> many Difficulties, ut 
fidei bahendo tentatimem, haheret etiam frohatiowm, at 
■gjiM^^ (peaks i that our Obedience and Low -unto 
T3pd, mcountring and overcoming fo many TemptMiem, lb 
marly Difficulties, might at length d^^oye ii felfiinto him. 
Seems it (6 ftrange a thing unco you, that God Qiould 
make a thing only for Tamftatum ? What think yfi of 
the Tree ef l^mUdge o/Goed and Evil > It was a /*> Fruity 
it was beautiful to the Eyey yet was it made for no other 
life that is known to us, but only to be a Ttyal of our 
f^-'-'m", T iiii il il iii i J' I ' i f i "'p*- ■ -^'- difficuk. Qod 
hath mingled thefe very Temptations even with our Ne- 
ceflities. For this very Vov of Jac^, how ftriiS foever in 
may ftem to be, yet it is full of danger. Food and ^i' 
meal become Temptations, dangerou^J above all others. 
. For how eafily do they clegenerate into ffimtmaefi, the 
X \ one 


dne into frUk^ tde dd)^ mto tu3(^ P So tt^t as k 
fiems, we mUft cffdnnidft aird.'i^re' eyea this our 
Va0 and Govientot with God, not ui l^e^^Terms 
ci'tM kni ^/imem^ hat for no fk^re of iBat alio 
dien is mceffitry. As for ^ole odier jpi^rfOMi Sfferfitdiies 
dftheWoHd, he mikes »^ i^/? ^ #^ that >^ i^ 
thefki and he iets the tradlP^ <^ the^i tbit 1^ 
'dteetns tuctti* 

* ** • • 

' 1 I II. • 1 » ' * » 

(* , . r • ' 7' .'• *j '. •''V.' » . 


/• { . . • « » •• 1 

• f I 

< » V . X 

• > 
e ..1 J 

- I 


• I 

.«v. . , • . , . . J "• • I. *-> — - - 






«-••-•■— ——*«wi« 


S E R M O N 

On P8AL. Tsacv]. 1. 

Ifad^ (tff refolvM) I i^B take heed U wj 

Waj/s^ % 

Efore of a Good Defire^-'^Beari qui efiriuni & 

Jhiwu Juftihmt ; now it will follow well, to 

, make way for tm^fibue I^obuim^ here in 

^ two words. 

Thefe two words m^ft ever belinkM togedier in this 
order : 

X.tDixi. Purfifi md I(gfilut$cfL 

X.X CufhJuan. Prafiifi and fyeauicn, 

Fiift, a>S#/riP«p;^n]||ftu(her diew^. Tbentbe 
^Mfi muft foUow burd at h<»k 

Iq thefe two our whole Life Is comprised. For M^ 

\ is by nature an a£tive Creature, he cuinot be long^ 

idle } either for good or bad h(? muft take up his Di:ci^ 

and proceed tolm Ci^Muim. Tothityriz bom for L47 

*jwir^ ^asd^ SpfMrfc iay upwart* 

X ^ An! 

Jib Dixi Cuftocliafn. 

- And wcH i c isiiiat he- was -fo ; -ot ftc f wife, he - w o u ld 
find aa th ey d o ,- -fn^gf rrar^grtditmtur 'irust^tranr^in -this 
PolntJ That Idknejsis hut a Prepaxatiye and bprodu^ 

not with good Seed) will quickly abound with IVeeds : 
fix rhr SonloF Man IrfrF.mpry ann void, of gmd pwrpcn 
fes^ will (bon iho^vitmy be overfpread and overgrown 
with evil intentions. Jt^ 

NcgleHis uretidafilix itmafcitur agm^ Therefore (KNu- 
titre^tiot^jet)^ Chriifon M^fdon^i^thefhM (hgfdd 
ihoi$^e)us qu^kly ;(with -tkifi) to t&Mup ($d^pfxi^€j>^ 

David in that cafe lets the words thus, [pixi cufiodsarn] 
he makes lfe/S/i/^<?». rfcafee;the.,$p{yef |^cft(>nd go before 
Praflice ; and Nan4re it felf requires it Ihould be fo. 

yet k r^^xbc go9*:?6i^0'/6rfk ^M 

tnisorder^ {Cufiodiam dixil .i;o'take heed, to oe 0ell aJr^ 
vifed what we refilve j for --^lolutton is the immediate 
Cayfe of. ASim^ , the only thiijig that lets us all gn^Wjk^: 
I(eaJ(m , (be it never io. good) Is yet oJF ho force withc}>ut 

A 7?^^^^ l^Jolution IS of great force, . though ^6 rea- 
(on§ be., weajc or none a J all. There is great . reafon^wc 
fliould be very careful upon what we ifet out i^efolutiims : 
For, KiKeatcLy -dixf^Q^ an) rdblve^- is wkh^ moft* Men 
a word of^rea't Weight; ,! ,, /• ^?* 

f.'Tc-T .V V '>J§^^Mi^^^ ^^'' "I 


There were anctGO!^y^\,^%B ofPhilgf^hers^^who though't 

tlion^feiyef bound T(/fAi^ir roU }^P&^^a;^^<^ ^^^^ 
whatjhever^ th^ 'Ud'j^Jihel. -We read of pjq^?df''|™ 
in Bpictetus^^ of I-^s, ^iipp,;or his. adu^i^tancpj. that 
or^ n$ jpiou reloIve4 to. dtcy tjy .Jinji^,. 5nd ^ ^b- 
Aaihiiig from all neceffary 4^{l^niM5e^r^Y^€q^ ^^^^^ 'had 
brglin to put it ^ in Pn 

Uaihiiig from all neceffary Tufteniwse :r^m^ 'had 

bcgiin to put It ^ m PractiiL being^ required a realon. 

it flball be fo r ^'fearccly-iaBSflald his EriciMis perfwade 
him tal.breftk his Tcfclution.: ' f o-Ji^: ; : - - 
: :- This &a i2f FikA>j^Aeriis.iiotr.yot exringuifhoJf laore. 
or lefswc are all of it : Umf^^h/tsamvao^ thif^4 all 
Men iirf6mdijAiigBV^Ka«e,a6a)ihiw>ea^ Aeir 

t^itKA^\jdixifiSacy'^TC't^^ In luch.adBo^ 

fturc hive tlT^/:Vbluntarajr {Qtrdwoarekres, aj4 ^^in flml;' 
they. piwjioSe tapa&'on. 

f: M 

-r •> 

Now 7a refolution if- Jt'beitakcau^ in 



. r Ughtnefs and Vamty\ . y ' , f Bh^, ■ ■ - 

,■.■•''•:' ..... ■ ' '^ ; 

M being nothing elfe but Pirft»wcr, a refrobate Smcci^ 

So. r^ contra) if it be tak^ up for the gmJn>s <f i^'r 
jiaiom to goodnefs, for 'Sanaft;^, Integrity, iaA uprtgbt-^ . 
nefi of Life; it is an 4dmirJ>le;-mtue, and the jetj , 
drown of Chriftianity. ^Fo^ t!hat exceU«J v,m.e of 
*«/.ai?jX*«»«r«cr^^Wchisioin <»i°"*"l*^f ' £ 
ConJianiy%A urf»>ayeJr.efimonr^v^ andaftions j that 
i^iwhithnoTempeftcanmore; that perpetusd and 
habituated Giodnep, which nohard fortune can daunf, no 
felicity can corrupt, that to wHchour Saviour hath pro- 
mifcd Salvatmi(he thatmiintiesti,th.eenJ,JhaUbeJaved)m 

this is contained in this Word, Dixi, I 'am r^M • 
Again, from whence domes 'that inain impertettiorl 

bf mt Lives? Vtfettledmfiy and flitting from one 
^hingto another?- frequenr relapfing into fu^s f ?e tor- 
fato > Whence are we, fo ^ily canned with every 

.Wind?- ■ ■'. ■ ■■'. 

KFcai", - " 

-■ of <«>/"?. ~ ' ' 

■ - - . ' jrCommodiiy. ' . ^ 

X4 41 


All i% Imofe* ygc have^aoft yet karacii otir Af:«tt 
are not yet r^ved y wjeilknow not wbat to ivv/^ or lil/^ 
till prefent occafion take u$ ; we have ixjt achrifidl/ 
decreed } iet downbefonhsid what we wiU follow ta 
our Lives, in our GHichifioiis.. 

And Without that [pixi\ a Maa is but like a\Shf{i 
without a BaBaft^ eidaiy overtum'd with eMy Bkft.s 
'Mit *'4«X^ iiUBiitATQ' hf imi 2A7^ The iM»* 
hle^minded Man is mftable in all his waj& The Kii^« 
dom of Judah was full of iuch Men: tor amongft wen- 
9 ^«^d ^1 »^ J who fate in the Throne^ nitie of diem to- 
tally relapfed and fell away to. JdoUury^ and all die Priefts 
and People ^th theip* 

Burweneed not gotofeich Esoamplesifc far, fo lonj^ 

(ince ; our own Kngdoms and latter times are able fiiN 

fiendy to ftore us. How cafily were the branches of 

fofery l(jp*d under Hen. 8, and the very ftumps of it 

ipocedi up under Bdm^rJ. 6. 

^ How eafily did it tc^rtr again under .^en Marjt^ 

both Top and Cut ?. and yet (with the iamc facility) 

was it. again lop'd, rooted up under the Re;gn of 

• £[ueen BU\dhM^ Certainly were I^lifim a mattter of 

« C<a{ciencey and not of fanmdity^ mdertaken firft wid) 

pixi cuftodism, outof Love and Conicience ^ it could 

not be, that k) often, fh eafie,fi) general a change could 

he made , from one Rel^on to another. ' 

The like we may fee in bSI moral C(n(rjes^ interrupted 
by inconftancy, mutability, and change : He that ca^ 
compljj and piece in with all occafions, and make an eaiie 
fi^rfeituffe or his Honefty, mpjces ita cuftom to relapfe 
into Sim formerly repented of, may well impute it to 
this, that h^ hath not ukpn uf 4 refolutm i that he hath 
not made his Di^i cupediam^ like unto the Laws of ^ 
}4edes and PerJimSj which al^ not ; and without which 
a Man is like the Sed^ moved and troubled with eveiy 
Wind thaf blows upoft it ; For WQuW be iay the woicl. 

Dij^i Qf^fi0m .^ III 

ture) from th^ Covenant pf Gc9(Rei Mxtf^c ^k^^^g^in.tio:. 
the La^guage.of God, can fl^ve? lffl» .rjftWj! }^/ 
ptonemioe? Are wc able tp found ^ io» qw lfo«iR; 
throughly ? to take up this t(^cbaim ? • ^ 

bk • For firft IXwfrf did i^, apt bjR apy 4^^. pWMl«r 
tQ himietf,,^Jby,wWcli h^fj^^iH^^ iKd^hofe; 
thiiij? which lay npt^^mttwi ^b&. nil? pf i^^^R^Q P«fr- 
ibm. .^. £Mm^ did it .¥^ wa$ by K^uaw ^a» great a ; 
ftrai^er to the; Covenant of Grace as we. 3. Damd di4 ^ 
thia ter^JW^ to ^ i^od « is heift iv^d^ t^ ve 
ixl^lMmtodQtfaeli|c<[. QltiU^w^ieUbaudpft' 

- ii^ 0(/M^ <b« jb iP<^ht0 pr(^e fiteiM^ ^ 
Bi«jfieithetti$%gi«iK«xdml^ h::\fffio4i4m} Ihr 

we aUe to jfW to it, to «Ml(f i* 2^ f. Wis diprc cycr. 

^fan, who W ib ftd«i Iw fiT^to^ 
thathewasfomedmescjccmftniSmdtP ka¥^bia ri|^w«y« 
a^ wander, in ipitei^M:h]s(«f^^ 
be kept? .•....*.. ^.'. . 

' J^. For ati(v!er to this abeftipiv X nmilf 09af!3& I 
am iaa^^flzdght^ For methiokt. 'ds no good ArgMment 
r»(ay^ weib>M(^ <f mi ^hat have & kept Aetr wiay% 
Therefiire it is mfc0Je tbey fliould be kint* 

Yetif Iih(xikl %« itw^^pc^Gh^ 
offend $b9 Trutb^ I cannot lb eaiily pronounce ; but 
(ftrel am) I &c^cffM $!» t$mn. For many learn* 
fpd M^ <3w #1^ lbeii4^r^ ill iSHbaax&og of the 

' weakneiif 

' JSM90II ■'hePtr^ ^etSs tf Gid. 'i/'Again on die c<m- 
triWjrfide, (hofltf^I &7,*i^'Ai^ate1)bund to -take; up - 
tlfif '^Dtxi'etfibJmt)' I^thaioH mtli'- tiaoid^ t>te whh > 
J^|m«0M«^tfaat.m,this-Lifewea&ti nevcthei&A^to'itakt^' 
it'-'l^ J I'l^otioltfii^whatlitould 'ido nH>reto djfiie^. 
teri,to deter Men firom ateitaihihg thnXeflcM diClmJiiiHi^* 
S^tbaimt , wtueh'^abbve all LefTonsin the WofiB) I' 
•v^xid have' cottunended (into iheki.'' 'Pof wHat wi& ' 

I Man will tttempt that, whicb'be kndi^s bdFoit^faand^ 
to he smpcjfjhle. '"•■■'"' ^V' -'"• -v-.': 

^^Tothofe who^chquire whether jtbe- pbffible ti> hriig 
t^ Dixi liito Rerif make k ^ood in' PtaStifil t anfwi^r '^ 
(43 the Angel doth, ijwt ^^jf^^j & vidt^ try and • 
make Experience anpoffihile ? For many thiiig^ hav^ b^ ^ 
dibught imfod^h^ dll Expei^oce Jiiadl pmved th^n /^ 
/tf/^/ ' ; v> / ■ "' . " - * • ■-'•:^- . .. : 

' It Is obierved \yf ^ofh who writ die A£l:s of Akjtan* 
Jbf theGreat^^ibsi^ he enteiprized manv diings witli godd 
Succefs, which no Man dfi wbuld ever haVe'at-'i^ 
temped, becaufi: diev ddvh^ 6f the foffkUiy:^ tht 
finterprize. i^xt XSa-w }lkt jAxan4tr'f and MttiSptiin* 
fi0ili^ses. ; 'Iv ^}^belBjt)m«)i^ w^^ ^fibver^ttott^tov 
b^'/^£/^,whicb^.^ never os«iyL '' 

^ Thtj ztt ilt dgiosftrers^ tfaat^ iiuiik t&ereis< hif iMii- 
w1)ere diey can fee Nothing bot^^^^^^^ How many • (<>£ ' 
lite* titaef/ httve^^vMtureS their Pcdonsi, their iWfi* 1^ ^ 

Senmd Land^m new Difcoveries^ and new FUntaumi'fifim ^ 
good fcoSeiS wbeifeo^' they have lad 'little or noafliir^aricc 
bdbre hand ? How much better andl fiirer adwencure 
were this whereof we now treat, which if we' attain ^ 
unto, the honour and prci6t is mfinite ?/ If we faiI.of it, 
the veiy m^gof it cannot be withcHita great andrlch 
return? . ; • •'* -' ■■:--■■ .-^ •• . •-' • '.^ '•• 

We read of a Father^ who dymgy commanded. i6». 
Sons t9 dig in his Vineyard, .fiorvtbete th^ (houldlfind 
f much 

Dixi Cuftodiam, . 2i.y 

^jj^feofi- ^Qccjr^flgly diey^diff. ,(qv ana Gold ttej; 
JaiUf^cJVna^^^ of the Eafidi 

^boiif ^ijp yoots , pf the KW , " caufed k ,tO; bring forth ip^ 
ahiindantly, t|iai; it yielded chip tn a wA fi^etm* Wli^t 
^ God do 16 by u^ ?, :^uppo^ be, ccfliman4s Jis tp/^/f 
for.Gold^io. |ceep his Laws, 'which yct.l^^' Iqpowsvftrf 
f^^-lX?^. ^he//4tw ifs iel£ jih^ghjt.mifi the,i^fl4 
,int^t)(^ea) p^^Wv^^^ Forpu^voif . 

ebdeavojjr • (in. this. tuniJi is.muci let by-\, JE/?. 4/i^ii/4 n^ 
,fiireten^s : '/k ;, lJe. j^y fewg^P. fep/ ^/^, -iath 
./^^/ w}^,. hath dofjei^gi^ hfj^jy |:qri^ ^ 

And now lalfly j by. fo much the mcf c^/I, will exhort 

*^ypuj tQ m^ke thrpiigb tri4 ^d .experience of your 

f^lvie^ in thi$ Point o^ Chrijiian K^folutkn^ becaule th«i 

yraixt of £xper|^ce it is,, whith o^^es 'the queftiod:of 

Pojfihilityf a matter |q difficult cp determvie, ;,m 

For to make this trial requires 4uSf wr^ Pcwer^ oB etir 
ff^itl : .And which of ' haye ferved God fo ? Many 
Men in Ibme thbga pqrchanoe have done their beft, yet 
in jome tilings ,tn^y. wer? utterly. defeiftive ; ^^ many 
^things, wherein they did iil^ they might have done 
muoi better than they did. Shew me the Man who 
hath made experience of the latirmoft of his^ Strength in 
the Service of God : and who can tell yf\k2X the .iflCuc 
plight be, if that were dqpe, thsit jvas yet never ^done? 

Could I therefore j>erlwade my felf qc'you to put 

^hism^tter to. trials which nxight perad venture he . «ble 

.jtolatisfie that jggjfftjop,. wherein ft)rber,wile) it i^ no 

,great matter whetb€^;w^iare, latisfied. or <noJf we cannot 

entteat this of our felv^s^ yet at Icaft let jUs , (in ^cnndi 

cof^jifiere) tahg uf Jucb refiltaj^ 0$ othicr^ . have dt>rie be^ 

fore us,, ^a as far in the ^execution .a$ they b^v^Q d<^e.; 

let us Degjji widi Da^ii here, Di^ cudodiam } let us l^y 

with7j(&tf4, {ult\ 1^.) As fir me a^td my Hotfe^ weiP'iU 

Jerve the Lord : Or with Matthiat^ Thmgh 4M the l^atkns 

under the Kj%s Dominions fall every me from the H^ligioH of 


9i6 Dixi CifioAmL 

ibeir F^tbers^ yetmilll^ 4mi n^ Sam mii BrHbrm Wi^im 
^C9vttkmttfowrF4tbtri^ iMack g. 19. Or widi tbem ill 
Hier. (5:1. f J Come^ let nsjapi car Jehnt9ibe Lord miiAs 
finfettml Ovemm^ that /hall tm hefirgotfen : Ot widi Jai^ 
ThtH^ be Jiff mt^ yet mill I put m; tn^ in him. 

We have allneed thus to enocnirage ourfilves, «> 
taikeup (uch r^/SAviyotir as thefe^ far the heart is Jeceitfid 
ItebedS thimsj and d^ei^^fy ffnck^d ; mbo can kgtm it? 
39»r. 1 7. I. Becaufe ^JCrn^ Jiar^ketb $be hearty to give 
ftftty MM aceordhig to Uswa^s^ oftdtbe fiuit if hit deMs. 

riithen;o I have (poken dr D^xi zcd'Cufiodiam in their 
CeneralSi xioW I wouki come to look upon them in' ttiefi 
ihewnflancfs^^ytfbidi may not be on/tted : Wherda, 
" f. We may oWerve the ten/i^ Dixi cufiodianu I>ao%i 
bAyfromifis that he will do it, but fhews not mben ; 
this may teem to countenance ^le^ who promiii God 
fairly every day, yet ^ fo mare hut fromifi. A common 
£m>f^ whereiii many trifle and ^ out their life td^np 
|)Urpoie/ As Antigrnms^ I J^p»p^ always ready» biil: 
iiever doing ; St George always on Horftback, bu( ne- 
ver rides : £> we it^kJ^oimfj that unt^ but do not. 
This ErrcHT was &r from Davuts thou^L l^or is the 
word it ielf 4^0rr, it puts not oflF till tl^ time to come j 
it hinis him for the prefent 

I. It is a Rule of the CanoniAs, Sfoafalia per vert 
iiMM, jcc. P^rions contraded in words of die futurf^ 
inake the Contrail good for the /rv/S»f. 
' • ±. In the pra&ice of Lam and coi^nmon Bfuip betwixt 
Mas! and Man, every (^ligation by whidi we/bind pur 
filvdfforthe timeto come ( if £> be the partioilar dme 
be not exprefly (pedfied 3 hiodi m fir the frefint^ if it 
be cf Money to be paid, or iervice to be performed^ 
So here, he that conoa£b with God (zgDmdd) Dixi 
puflodiam^ binds hin^lf for* the fr^fent ; apd if he XKgs 
led any occafion, any time wbai;lb^er^ he h^th ofr 
fended J»gainft his Contrail, 

' *• It 

vpenmiitbmr (iiieH^bfri^) or any of his 1^3^!^ 
^ OjapWnf i, i?«ittakei tt as jj duty, he wili:p6tarat 
^mdM; not by Amy. for in thefe afe, tfeff hbti 
mini look to hhnKlT) and atnend htt own wawi/^;' 

^ysr ¥« Dpy«»^to««'e Jrou iwujMng-iand fBxs&Jybm 
W^^^^^^^i aiecwufid, jroB tauft i^m 
ml tgrtoyour-hanjlsi jtake faced &» youfowik «^ . 
. In,y<wir Huhpuiy for iA^_ World, you ate iwrifc t04 

^'^^ <*» f¥>fi^^fif^«S veil d9oci»:;a».^it «^iek 
«>f A^^ft«of tlw jao^ looks jejpafts not overtohia 
&r?aiit%, : Wenryg^k^vifk Sx Gc(d "as you Are :fi* 
^^Wotjd, «Kjid«f dieSpiritualHusihandiyof yotff 
S<»%:« Aat^of jour G^^ you: wobld 

««.' <x.oyeh9Jl,URpo,u8i./your Mwi^«w, ix:. ^tnwwx 
3^; as.^,7Q«ir ^VQB int^t>foyr•.o!^^^a:hana%; 
d^eqi thyc y&ur v*y» vdl hustande^i: mtimiytiar 
cfts fe!,=!them, . There is good ufe t»:i« niWe rf: 
ot^f-^ftt, iotci^fffijmit of our waji8,i /^ad.thqraw 
Wife igarjhat; wHlMer.d^ t$«g|^ teH them^Jiidttr 
^^ d>(y tM ; yet ^\frhenall Sng-j^ eyery -Maif'. 

Trtte hajxiy fijccels of careftd ^|[i^ heed to yoar. 
|iW8,..ppnfifts not:inpiM: TeacUng,;i^ J^wowi^, . but 
tp.-ytHU-leamiog and pending. |w' . . , •-. ■ 

.'^'g. *VkA ObjoSh i(Ih pafricuIdr,T*«tf'r »#«»</ «o«>//A 

, ■ ' ^ ,-. -• - . • -^^ _-'.'" ••, •'•' ^ 

for.dbierein the Prophet (« niayj») had beeii dver^. 
^•^ i. l?e bad bap. <9«r-/«# i» *»/ L^a^agergerat 
tome offlKtf fl«r£ &>./Mgwr j and now he.fcfidved to reo 
drefi aUhis ways, and ifaatin Ipecial. And the naming 
or that alone had included all. 

I. St. ?«m/ 

3 1 S mxf CufiodiMi. 

- 'X. St 7<om/ tells us, If 40^ offend tut tn imrJ^ie is 4 

■ipii*b*ng.-" ""^''•^^' "^'■' • '' -'"' ^"° «ib:."' -• ilotvITiijm 
lua,- No one' 6»>-«^1B> M^^-te4iJ«a5«te)f alf cg6^ oti^ 
aiid-<tbe(elk b ge^vM' )«fdhi%tidi^6F!fi-oQi* %sr' 

4Nrf were to dUi)i9i^4i^, t&ii<%^^t«t6(leli^ M'S^S^ 

untouch dj thejTCare^ likely* 

Aeir foftnep-fiiis^gain. 

5. it if-tt>;4?o purpofe ^i(>'^itKJ*kVoijr^A^^^ 

forte one fin alone : For i^*feg^fd^6f^HeAV'ai;-tH«?l)6^ 

of it, cm fm dotb^as TOUC^^a^p'^MiSfii^w. Therefore 

when. we go oyt ag^inCji^ out wjh^d^^' figne ^ 

comfniffion ttiat SauI <dicf, agajpft, tfc Amidekites ; one of 

thefe whom Saul Ibared, liv^ea to ^ his tlmaty^ anc) exc-^ , 

cuted that Judgmem iipoh ^^r;^// Whic6*^^^irnegle(a«'^ 

do on him: So,-4fvwe'letbii^^''^ttfe'fin^alonei there triajr 

Gomea time whert^ that one fin rtav ruineus; ^ ^' ' - • * 

Therefore ict D;.v* • euJhUam be- or tfie extent frj** 
here. *. j.i -t'.. rj^.'fof 

'^'^^^^ fewni Cafitdim. fFS 

^-.--.- .- ., .^ -v- , .^ ...^ 

" ■ '< 1^X6 bind us hi^iiiejSii/^^*'.'; " 

'wwis.v: ;::''■■;■'■;■■ "■■' ^;-^' ■;■■:-■ ---^^^ 

-' And now lince "you :know what' they tqeah, ,VHfc 
. tliink you of taking them up for yiA" tWtf-? <^njj^ 

find in your hearcsthusro refolve ? 'WiD ^ptt Wv^WW. 
,ther it bepoffible co'make it^tJa-W^oMfcaiftffl 

'( you hH. 6^y } tliat the only way'&.'feKWj w6iftWit 
.be pojjilile, is to make nia! joi/r fehct'i 'x^mikytia'^f^ 
.this for your comfort,' that m' oihei'kiftii-^ hlgm4f 
, mW, many things luve been fiuM Jp^^^^Whidlffl 
' then many wife Men dioiight iinpf^yfe.-'-' ^° '-''*:_"■> ''J™ 

If other kind of. trials have fy^'^^fffi^y/^f 

, not God give the like'fiicccG to thii,<?WflcK.'iceit(mfiei§ 

^ njore picafing to God. ', '' .'^ "■;"/'§™'' '■■' '''^ 

■ "I)oycnghtIy appi-ehcnd wha: Itoeitfi' Mtfl&MP^ 
,!tiVpo(nbIe foi-'anyvWanto kcrf^tHr'VfflPfeiH*^ 
^ never Ofcmi It ia' too late for you ai^ rii^^o"t^Jftit!ffli 

of thati for we have :ili offended tJedp^J'and'W^ifiat 

Ae Merits and Mediation jpfChffit'^'ariutterlyJfeft. 
md-ii^r fay, when' a'!IV&ii^^"Ei¥^i!J!.Wif3'taf<-fcere, 
..^ben'Jie is brought to the' knOwl?.dglf^ of - <56dj ahd"'M» 
'.own hiifcrablc eftate, to the' fitFpiH!9if <rf grciS c^tteks 
_i^, he hath com.-:iittcd ^11^' t'^ 'tjol ffien n&Lv«4^ 
''the , time to. come, i^-'DaiSd ai^} 'MAyhi^n^f-A^n 
' teep' that fefolutiofi^' ifef fd 'is 'iiftfc^% 'pp ^ ' 'hat ^*-->o 
"Jkf and JpW /jtf n^W'W?' Is' hcibbitrtd-to'think^fea- 

pbffible? IhalHieib'^ifcouragehiiiri^'frira'tbe^haffiirt- 
.^experimcif.injhe y-'orld^ J jcnow many Merclwid 
^rr"w»fwJ/JW*i'dM'lfie'Atrafding]y--/tmc'I would ha^ ^U 
; under my Charge CoMd it poffibK, *id :to live as th^ 
■ iheant to prove it.'' 'C)t [ if you Vffl- needs think it- iii^ 

:;;'■■■■' -■• ■ ■ ■• ■ ■ " ^ ' ■' fogai^) 

T ^ 

f^fUt) beperiwa^to^jndcrtakek b^fvrlbe^ery for if 

you do jwir. befi;^ ..ahd cannot tSSdBi 41^ dbat enJc^vour 

will be higfel7>iw3, / 

ShaUIfpeakpkin? I imsigine it4s titapoffible ; fori 
iisfur we WiUs^H^ eur telves lo, that .paG, th^t & 

oomesjtot ^ {lam. kS infojjphilif^ 
^wby flx)ii]d ire not vieoture upon imfMbUities in d& fe 
cgppd 1^ \j0if^?»ca. as. we do (of our d^ ac- 
.o^L^ p^^;ONe^; Is not thegreateft part df oiir 

*WfS^ tqp^ ^ in tj^eattpmdng things mi^ly iQ^fl]blb;V 
^ij$:^iEPo/|i;if , ^ aJ'im^J^m 'Mine 

*«»^:^ want pofliingy iifevrer l^'fiU- 

-vI^Iq^^^ b9UQKyji9t die,.. this fl^rdeiire, thtshif^0ax 
lifl'Wi^? F^^ V Qiuc^ delu^e^^ndtto &; Vhii^histtte 

Jew^)?ai;th€|J^ !t^ up t6is.4Mfi buftodianu It'jou 
Will be afirighted With limin^J^bilip^ fibalft^Ve 

•jQiajl^jpf csdLxbe^daer^. -There^^^ 

^Mp^0ii»fc'i^ ibr x)ur o^^iii fani^, kt tl^ at- 

>jg^^-JG^ Godf (Qcmmands us^ ^mi David here i£id£;N 
.l^s thf}f»ra^dj.pfjrtu 

. Qr.'eue.fae thought %6\t- ^n^ojpfle .at- 

dp iiot^e^ 
i^^^h P^^. tiQt.piUb^ /And would you but 

iteoji ft J^ftle^io tb? t^Htmim icpA Mifciflnie of the >»p»> 
, j(rt|JVM;/,qr.tQ|pe<p^ bfoiir Adverfaries die ^^ 
,f>jof our time^y^youwould wonder what ftrange ^x- 
^awtoples you might find of die obedience of infmmrt ^ ^ 
.'wmis^^-J$^ef^am49 evenineaies of apparent Vi^fpsi!)?^ 

'*»&»/. • . '\ ' 

. .. If one of you whicU'are Fdthers {kfiyjiid hid your Bffe 
-eaidrm bring you tbat \(rhich you kneW Vfirt totmd his 
■firetf^^ only tatj[y,hiGU j would you not commepd and 
' r^^ard his endcawm ? And do yoii think your Hea- 

V^y Father hath not as nnicb love and tt^^d^ Udto his 
own Children. 

By this time ( I hope) yoU are in charity with thefe 
words i with the main word Cv^odim^^ I milt obfirvcy I 
mllfakf beid. 

Now I will tell you what it is r It is a word of that^ 
£ngular weight and moment, that it comains in it all the' 
Cbrifiian art and wifdom^ by which, whatideVer the force 
and fifaud of fin and hell can lecretly fugged, or open^' 
ly oppole, is frUftrated and dtfeated altogether* 

If we furvdgh and ,fumm up all the Forces which tb^- 
DevU^ IPleJh^ fVorld^ are able to raiie, thole B«dir H S^** 
^mifZy Satan's deep wfatbmfd Policies j xvfieicuj Sfirituat 
^glifigs and Coulenages, all devices and means whatib- 
, ever, by which he abufeth us, or wejOlir felves; Tlhii 
one word, [ Cuftodiam 3 I mil tdk$ heed^ contains that 
in it, which difinnids them alii 

G4/m.obferv'd it of the Difeaf^ of ih6 Body, *J /* 
U%^4u wivW £v ii9dL imlpivi^ &c. To foppofe there 
Wiere were feme one Cure of all Maladies^ Were extreme 
Folly. Among the World, the Dlfeafis that our firail 
Bodies are fiibj^ unto, every one (if we Will cur^k) 
miift have a proper Remedy ; if we will prevent it j 
muft have a proper Antidote. Bdf«Jes the diflfcrence 
from the Temper, Age, Complexion, Cuftom, Trsule^ . 
ttcid diet of the Patient* But |}n the cure of Souls) 
Aough our feiritual difeafes be mbre and moredslnge- 
roiM ; yet au thefe, if you would cure and remove 
them, prevent and fliun them, have but one Remedy, 
itetidote aiid Prefervative. Would you know wlwc 
thefe areP.Thfe one is fawtoHM^ ^penfance-^ the Other 
is Cuftodiam^ cautelottjhefi. Thefe two Simples, cheap 
and eafie, growing in every Man s Garden, are univer* 
Jfal Msdicinei vX all ciur spiritual Difeafes^ the cne curings 
the other freteHHng ; the one lifting uf when we are fafc- 
len, the other Oipporting us that we /all not. All G*W 

y Will 

- =^ 

WJ& jiejd nb cfi0 $ftk^:hm, this. .Wc .fa?i?cnqt (a^ 
fome Phyficians have j siBoxandaBox; ooe recqc %, 
gr^ J?erf6ns; ^. pgo^hcr for rac?i^r; Ae §vntud 
ciii;eo^ QurSpMls. jKtoits of QO (iich pfrua^% .^Qt£^. 
the Scepter to the Spade, ^ere is but one way |$ frcsoent 

3»- • ^ : .. . ;. ••' . / ' •■•■... 

NoT^ of diefe two,, /i*^ hflrie f % M^ » ifeeG^- 
%i)tea(ieth yoii to ma^:^ qhojq? qf ;^ tjflft^ pgit. For 
;ei knot offend yo% 'il.^mm^ *^fe tv<i gro^t; Parf,-^ 

w <. 1 

4t^ no^only compare,, bijs inych f^fei; ^;We W5iW; 

I know the Do<3:rine of I^penfance h a wo^y Lefl^ftt 
thp Sjoy .4od' cooifort of ^ SqHls, vf^ ^Wfc « if) ^th 
t*wr% ^rs i yef f let. i»^^,^jm) *? Ir aj]l ..£9^% f| 
£)^K^ Wong and ii?ipeg%ncnt to tl;^ Cf^ifii^^ , €4^f 
4»^^qg/}.and marines here c^mencM*. lEq;; ^ theasfgh 
^nt Kf^iiw were wont , to pie vomit ji^^ to pm^e tt^tn 
|i). ^pfxetite for farther eating j fp, it^ ^^co^ WV^t ^^ 
ffiaEW.uf#ife?w^<i»?5^: Wh^ %!e b^yc/ jji^y^f^. a»d %fe 
^^k of fin> by Hfumance wp dilgorge^-<»it:if xtg J^g^Wi 
^/lvi^^ C^ vomiff fin and repent, repeitt 4t)d\.^j .^g^ 
Thus goes ojLir li£p aw^y* Pofyfiius tells u^|l^i^ &<fa^ b| 
generally accounted itheivtf/'^ of all creaQuifS^^ yet fooi^ 
|iave.tbOUght him ^fiolifj^ifi of all other ; Ygs, t^e fi^j^f wAJ 
never return to the /n^^, which b^ ha^h pnqe e£;a|>e4'; 
nor the IVolf to the/'//, npr tb^. Efog to the y?^^ that h^b 
biatim him j only Man will never be taygbt to ber 
ware : fed feccat fere femf&r in iifimy tbo be imart nor 
ver fo oft, yet will he return to the ^Q Q0eiK:e and 
fault again. He that Ihould well obferve* the folto of" 
Men, might mpr^ pardonably take tbfim to be utteiilj 


^ Ura&jt ^baf^iMrr^^ dds oar £:^ !^ ia(irerim]$i D^ 

many '^'^1 ^ F£t^'%)H^^ 

be u^ifp^ri^yv iftid; Vlth^^ •iwWftw'/,' left' -too jttw^* 

■' TteiteKis*«^i5iegriObainft^i k tW ddi^eff Whereof 
tir^^bl^tcKU^k: dbve W^% and wiAly^ thien- irf tb^ 

Eftfeiplfe* ofitteand^ Gbfe*^'4va« ne\igf^^i^^^ $ny 
to /(p*/;(^- A72i«^»rA 1^ Jf '{after focA 

kind of Permance ) he offended fcandaloufly again,' Vkt 

fd7tfumuili^^''6S^ii^idn,-'''' '• T '" ' . '" ' 

Nay (in the Scriptures) we (hall never iiftpd^ - rA* fer* 
ara^e ^^i^t^aktievpon^re^^fi^iid^ faBbg^ but ihto 
JSns 69i^'^¥^f^ted df, H&tm. t^^nk tfaiis fell oift by chanc6, 
but i»«chef prob^fy* ooncJ/Jde frorn thfen^c, either our 
Fdre^feAersS darfk not ra^t ^M ef any i^icli conckifiof?, 
and tt> make no prp/Ttife of it, fo^ if tlfydtdj vet it 
. pleafed liot ih^Bsify Ghefi that any (iich esjample ihpuM 
ftand upim- Record,/left perarentmc it might prove a 
Prefident te l>6fteriry ; moft Men bou^ quick Scheie 
at fiieh kmd of Leflbns. 

*Y% ' Will 

^14 Oixi Cufiddkd 

WiU you know whether all this teocb? Urn is tof 
m^anin^, It is better for yoa to ftmh beabb^ JiCufioJidim] 
then Phjfickj [ Kgfentmice.^ Labour radier vafnvgmum^ 
xx>t to domtnitit 2^^» than in if^emnig. the &ne Re- 
medies afterward. Huok of cm Saviour's CouniH to 
one that he had curtd, BthJd^ fbm an tuade Mok^ fin 
m fhoTCy kjfl a wmfe, thing comi: unh ^thc* And indeed 
Ifffientafice ever goes widi <tfais bcxidxtion^ Smnomare^^c^ 
He that repents and fbrbk^ hb Ibi ftali find Mercy^ 
(faith the Wife Man J ... 

Now therefore, (inoeJJ^^^iier atbef(,ii)but.a.J^M^ 
if^ the hmfU of i{ (except we manage i( Wifely ) im^ 
certain J . the dai^er, if we uie it too often, may. be 
^e4^:.Let usnotfiifFer^ hope of frequent Hgfentanck 
to abuie us ; for this is but the cold c<XQ&rt of a nule* 
'raUe Man : btit with our ierious Repentaace, let ustakc 
up this refilution as IMvid did ; for it is foUy to wound 
our felVes, that we may need the Salve again. It is % 
^^uthmg to feek wh^t we haveloft, aiul thisr i(g^* 
tan€^ doth: but it is a thing of higher excellency not to 
h^^{[Aic lackji^ hand^ but to enjoy ftiU what we have. 
And ^this the benefit .of. Cmtekt^ufs^ [[ Oixi ^a£« 
^.] ■ ' ^ . . 

But leave we therefore this comparative difcourie, 
and fb come (in|be lecond place) to treat of this Vir* 
-tm in it jfelf 

Cfdfiodiam is but Cafe^ fVarinefsj and he that hath this 
one Arti needs no other^ The good Providence and 
Mercies of God appear ut this, that propounding ^ 
courie of Eternal Lire to Men of all forts, he hath laid 
it down in fueh terms, that nothing but I^egUgence and 
Vncalitelou^efs can hacard it. Might he not bive done 
this-Jn a more high and vreferved manner, with refpefk 
JQ fom^ Sorts and Orders of Men ? If he had done ib^ 
the greateft parr, I will not lay of Mankind, but . of 
die Profeflbrs of Chriftianity, had perifhed, finally. 

• If 

Dixi Cuflodhim. '^ij* 

If he had requited great knowledge (harpnefi of wk^ 

what had K^^v^ma^^ fLwim-^fni^ ^nr^ q^Hpygr q> 

padties ? But he fiith, Kta ma^ H^ not numjf Lcam^^ 
And diere is ibme rea£>n for it, dtfaSto^ (aswe may 
guefi by other caufes.) F^r Men q( W abilities gre 
nioce j^us. of tbqir a£HQds^' and^j^e J^alm^ makes 
them ^ mofkicaitehtis. A|i4 ^ ^W ^^ the like cau- 
tion widi t&eir craftieft enemy the Devil, it muft needs 
ht CtfioJiam^ fifety. 

%. J£GoSl)^ required '^e^fixength, extraordinary 

' abilides^ and ftoutnefs of Men, then thje^greateil: part 

had peiUhed,^ hse^Sb of weaker t^per : wt herather 

chuieth The weal{^ thifigs tf th HWd to cmfmnd the 


K^'J ' 



Y 2 ^ Miicellanies 

» » 


.... A , 

>. • • I . > 


1 1 • 


) .. 


»' 1 

^ , ;__ '. \ 






T! HE Sum of whatloever either the Sctifmrei 
te^ich, or the Schools conclude concerning the 
Doiarine of the Tj^JN/ T2; fe pomprifed in 
ttiefe few lines. 

C"iOD isON£; Numerically ONE; Jnorc 
J ONE, then any Jingle Man is Ow, iif t^iw- 
?r could fufiifere magis'fS minus: Yet, GOD is 
fi) O N E, that he admits of DijTinBion ; and fo 
' ik||^4 '^ 9iftinBionj that ^e ftSl retains Tl/wi^r. 
" As He isONE, fowicalT Him GOD, the 
Deity, the Dmnff Naturcy and other Names of the 
lame figmficarion : As He is Diftif^ijhedy fo we 
call Him TRINITY ;P«rf8iw, FATHER, 
. .£XIN,.and HOI.X^GiiQJiTw . .. 

In this TRINITY there is One EJfencei 
Two Bmmations j Three Perfins^ or Kgtations j Four 
Froftrties ; Five Notions* 



MIS € kLLA Ntl^S. gfi/ 

. '^ Signiikd.1' ;• 

l%e One £^/e»ce is GOD, which with this t^glaHon^ 
ffert It (tetH Gemratefiit 9<g»i^maKesthe P«-/3« of thii 
FATHER: the JSwie kffenee, i#ith this Jif/4//(;i> 
that It is BegotttHj mateth the Perfon of the SON : 
the f^m Bffince^ with this J^ldfimi^ that it Proceed- 
fifb^ maketh the P«r7S» of the HOLY GHOST. 

The T0O Effuomions are^ to h Bigdueh', and to 
Pr6ee4d^ Of to be Brtwhed m: The T^e Petjim 
The Tii^ei? J^loHtms are, to ft^^ ; to be Begotten; atid, 
to Proceed^ 6r tJohe Br^ath&d om : The Four Pr<^tie$ 
are ;.the Fiifft, Imtdfcibilityj and Sfenumdility', the Se- 
^otidjisr to Gemfdte j diefe belong> to the FATHER : 
the Third is to be begotten, and this belongs unto the 
SCH^ : ^e Fourth i^ to Proceed jcsr to be Bredthed out ; 

' aiid this belongs unco the HOLY SPIRIT- The Five 
NottoHs are ; Firft, hm^iUHty j the Second^ is to 
Beget ; the Third, to' b^ Begotten ; the Fourth, SpiV 
ratio Paffim^ to be Breathed out\ the Fifth,. Sfiratio 
jiiSiva^ or to Bredthe j and this Naf/wai belongs to the 
FATHER and the SON alifcej for Pater^iS Mut 

Jjirant Sjfirhwn SanStum* 

Hence it evidently follows, that he who admowledff- 
cth thus much, can nei^er poffiWy fcruple the Eteniot 
pHtf d Ae Son^ God. 

If any Man think this Qmfeffim to be De^a^xv, { for I 
can conceive no tnore in this point neceflary to be known) 
let him fuffly what he conwves fc deficient^ add I fhatt 
thank him for his favour. 

Y 4 l^t9 

3x8 M I S C B L i. A N I B S, 

How we cmt to knoTi> the Scriptures to be 

the Word of God > 

How come I to know that the PFcr^f which we 
call Livie\ are indeed his whofi Name thejr 
bear ? Hath God left means to know the frofbane WH- 
tings of Men ? hath he left no cerfainmeans to know 
his cam ^cords ? 

llie firft and oumatd means iSaat brings us to the know- 
ledge of thef^Books, is the voicf rf the Churchy notified to 
us by 01^ Teachers and In(bu£lor8, who firfl undafp'd and 
open 'd them unto us, and that common Du^ whkit is ex- 
aded at the hand of every Learner : Ofcrttt difientem 
credere* And this remaining in us, peradventure is oB 
the outward means^ that the ordinary and flainer firt (f 

To thofe who are converlant among the t((cords of 
^Amiqttity^ farther light appears : To find the anciem 
Copies of Books, bearing thefe Titles, to find in aU Ages 
fince their being written, the uni'^fal confent ofaBthe 
Churchy Jim r^olving it felf upon thefe fVritings ^ as far 
ered and uncmfrolahle ; tfaeie cannot chufe but be ftrong 
Motioners unto us, topafi our confent unto them, and 
to conclude, that either thefe Writings are that which 
they are taken for, or nothing left us fi'om Antiquity is 
true. For whatfoever is that gives any ftrength or 
credit to any thing of Antiquity left to Pofterity, whe^ 
ther it be fVritif^s and B^cords^ or Tradition from hand 
to hand, or what thinjjs elfe'^foever, they all coucur to 
the authorifing of holy Serif tures^ as amply ^ they do tQ 
any other thing left unto the World. 

Yea, but vill fonje Man reply, this proves indeed 
ftrongly that }4ofes and the Prophets^ that St. Matthem 

md StfPml^ 6fc, writ Aoft BoqIcs, and about thofe 


■ i* 


tknes which they ' bear (hew of, but dus comes nor 
home; for how proves this thzt they are qf God} Ifl\ 
heard St; Paul himfeif-Preachtngy what makes me ' be* 
lieve him that hisDoftrine is from God^ and his Words,' 
Ae Words of theHo^^Ag/? ? For anlwcr, There was ^ 
moutmardpi^mf to perl^^e the World at:the firft rifiig 
rfChrifiianity that it is iiifalUbly from ^ 
God, 4 but only Wracks^ (uch as im- ^ VidSin/Sf, j i j. 
foffiblj mere naturalljn h ie.done. If^ I . B'. C 
not done tbtfe thit^s (faith our Saviour^ 
which m M»i elfe , could dfiy you, had hadvofin: Had. not . 
the World lew thofe hliracles^ which did Unavoidably 
prove the Afliftance and Pipelence of a Bkme Bomer with: 
di(^ who firfl taught the will of Chrift, it had not had 
fin, if it had reje£bd them : For thoudithe World by, 
^e ligh of natural Difcreiionj migh( ealuy have diicove-* 
red, that that was not the right way^ wherdn itu(ually 
walked *y yet, that that was the true: path^ which the A- 
fofiles themielves began to treadj there was no means un- 
doubtedly to prove, but Miracles ^y and if the building 
were at this day to be raifed, it ^uld not be founded, 
without Mracles. To oiir fyre^f others therefore, whofe . 
cars firft entert^ned the Word of Lfe, Mr4c&/ were 
necejOEuy ; and fo they are to us, bin: a&er another Or* 
der ; For as the fight of theie Mracles did confirm the 
Do£hine unto them, fo unto us the itfaBihle Records of 
them: For whatlbever evidence there. is, that the fVord 
once began to be Preadied,* the Very (ame confirms unto 
us that it was accompanied 0^>^ Mtrades and fVenders ^ 
ib that as tbo/e Miracles by being fienj did prove unan* 
Iwerably unto our forefathers die truth of the DoSrine^ 
for the confirmation of which they were intended } io 
do they unto us neversa whit lefi cffeftually apwove 
it, by bebg left unto us ufon thefi^cordsy whWi ir they 
fail us, then by Anti^ui^ there can be nothing left untQ 

Pofterity wjush paji have cert»n and uudo^cd (credit, 

Hie mkun miufMitr^Oaltf i^A6( XlAnckf^ ife Ai 
fdmetom Ait MUhubs afe. 

The Che^cir rf i(j9nei whftn ffie cdlfittlehdi'. untb m 
the Jbi&onty 4f th abtnrei in dij&dicatii^ ($f Vffiffmes^ 
ieems only to ^peak of ber fiSf, litift^ that^ of &dc pa»€ 
of her fetf whidi is at ioiiie time eoHftetit j whereas 0ey 
wlien we appeal to tfab Cburtffs l^iVNortf, cohtetll! not 
Q9r fel^ wkk «»r ^4r^ <f the CM^wt kaiMy ^sdA^hV 
but add untA ib thd f^tud fittciffive TeJUmdH^^ rf tbif 

Church in all Ages^ ^fifm the j^ie$ fime^ vhi fiSctt Hi 
fifft he^nning^ on^ out of both l^efe draw sm Arg&meiit 
in Alb Qtidili(|b of that feroe^ aB that fifotti it not t&ft 
fiftjtileft Dl^niler kai) %xA ^ ££:^ ; Ibr t^ho & it ^ 
C3UI dunk td saia Aiitc^rptanc^ add Gf^ vridi i^i^d^' 
^ffedy by 6ppofibg fiot only the ftefif/it timch eonverfidg^ 
iH'Eautb, bK to the 4$^9fm fim/fvm ^ lie ^Qbu^h ^ M 

So ifaat inyffd^ m «urcf i^fte^ei^ l!he grtat^ if 

ROC the ySfe mm^tA IMtak of ouh" i#)^ /^ /fe A0/y ^m* 

)}Mr^» IB ^iriici 4f «iEi^ €^to^, (^xceptii^ ah^ys Ae 

Ctf>iex ^ Ilk Stei^ tbfenifelire^ beftfii% itwt thefl^ BIrdI 

j&^ txJiichNamis) ^f tbe Oh»^&» I &f^ aitd tBMc not 

only of that /^# of it, iK^di k Mnalb ex^kni at 9iny 

thhe, hat fitcoeffi^fy ti thfe C^db ^fenr fhei the tim ^ 

mr Ue0id Smnm ! fer aQ d^ Tdlimo»ies Wtlieh &fi^ 

time to time arc feft k &6 Vf^Mt^s of cur F^^dO&s 

(as idmoft «v«ry'>)^ eV^eif &iOe die fitft Birth of th6 

Go(^, hath by God*s PrMidignoe left us flofe; ar^ tfae 

ientinned Voice rf Me^WfjEs ^ici^^ffiig unto us the /r«t^ 

cfthefi Bcdkji and tbck A^hcrify Vr^ - but thi^ is ojtily 

fiks htmkmjudkio & teflhA^ dc fikefid ; what fixall w6 

think of jKfc^ f^JftjQ ? of^HkifatJ tinrikf^ if Ac B^ 

Ghcftj in the Codfcienccs dF et^^ B^BeVer ? ifo* far 

it is a Perfhdder Xa$o ns of the Authority if tb^e 

B^l^y- I have not much to % : Qriy thus much in 

general, Am dMbtl^ die flb^ G%1 dodi fi> work 


in the Heart of every true Believer, that it lesives 
g^figther Afjiframy ^prig and fcfficia)t, to^^Qund 
and TFay it m upon ; . But this, becaufe it is fri- 
vM to every one, and no ttayfubjeH tofinfe^ is w^ to 

the more mfif it is, by how much by experience we 
have leam*d, that Men are very apt to caJl, their own 
frivate Conceif^ the SffviP. Tp Qppofe unto Acfe Men 
to reform them, ot^ own frivate Conceits under thi 
Name likewife d£ the Spirit^ were madnels ^ & that to 
jttdge upon picfiimption of the Spirit in frivate^ cati be 
iio Iwsy, ft> bring dther dbU or a^y oilier Coddrti^erfie 
^Q an-eii^ 

; If kihodd faeafeGodattJmdayto sJdmftijkg 
MM uotjQ'the CffiPii qf Btithf it vefexieQe&fy it (hould 
l3ecoo6rniedbyMir4nfe/.« , 

. • U . ! #■ "i i I nil, J . ^/"yrngm^jmummmmm 

n— f-«- 


: \ 




"» ■' - . •. 


CMcen^g the Lawfolnds rflAmutges h* 
mvxi Firft-Qxrfim, or Goafin-Germaos. 

SeftetiAert, KJ30; 


. IVmhf Sir J 

IT 18 too great an Honour which you hare (lone 
me, to reqiure my Judgment f if at leaft I have 
any Judgment) in a matter in which your ielf, both 
by reaibn of yxxir Skill and D^ee, cannot duife 
but over* weigh me : yet iuch as it is, (ince you are 
pleated to require it, lo, I pre&Qt it to you, and wifii 
it may be for your Service. 


N Marriages^ two things are moft efpedally to be 
confidei'ed. Convenience and AffeSian'": Ctntvemencjf^ 
thereby to advance , or otherwiie fettle our Ellates 
to our Content : AffeSion^ becauie of the lingular eon- 
# toit we take in the enjoy^g of what we love* Now 

> becauie tbed two are great Parties, and (way much in 

^ the Nfonage of our Temporal ASions^ by common con- 

lent and Pra6tiie of all Men, iSaxy freely $akg their Cmofe^ 
ere only there where the Puk^k ^^^^f € <^ or Mm 
ve g^ven them fome Check and Inhibition, for the 
Propagation of Mutual Love s^^d Acquaintance among 
Men. And for Voiding oiCwfiifim in Slood^ Goianq 
Men have joyntly ena^^^ that it (hall not belauffid for 
us to make our Commodity, or place our A£Fc£tion by 
way of Marriage within certain Degrees rf Prcfin^tjf 

and Kin^td .* but thii was with im» l^&pk^ For - 

' - ' """ """ " ~'" "" ' ' ' m 



as SCAs^u/Hh tells uSfRdt autem antiquit Patribus reHghfa 

curs num ifpifr0finqiiitasfi fmdatim frvfagimm m 
dmnfnt kngius abhet^ & frefrnqidtas effi J4ifieret\ ea^ . 
tmcbim h^9 f^am rwfits Mammmi vimuh eoBsrare C^ 
fmJiunmoda nvoeare fi^ietuem. Now the Queftton ,k» 
How &r in tbe Degnes cf Profmjmty this ^gftramt doth 
reach? and where we may begin to coufk and loc}^^^ 

For the opeiui^ <^ ^hidi ^S^^ let usa little con&' 
der in general of 4IL kinds ^ Profmqiiity^ io fliall we the 
better mk!, where we nuy &fely begin. 

AU Degms ^ Pnfinfiut^ amongfi: which Mfis may be 
iuppofid to fedk a ^f^, are either of Ahthers znd D4i^b^ 
ters } or Awus and Nimf ; or Sifters and Coujm, Now 
as ^ die Afiendkig Lim of Motbns^ I may mt many n^ 
Mother ^ io c^ I not marry piy Grand-mother^ nor Gi^Oi^ 
Qrandrmotber^ and i^ itrfmtely .upward : Inlomuch as if 
Bve were now alive, and a fVsdom^ no Man living could 
marry her, becaufe all Men are her Sons. In the De* 
fiendim Line o( Dat^htersy as I may not marry my DfH/^ 
tery {oneithsTmyGrandrchildy nor Great-Grand-childy ana 
£> infinitely downmards* Again, in the Afiending Lincj^ 
AuntSy I may not marry my next, Aunt^ (6 nor my GYent' 
Aunty tpr her Aunty nor hersy and (9 ufpardsin infinityi^ 
In ihc Dejcending Line of NeiceSy as I ^atmpt many my J^y^ V 

tJeiceyfo noT my ficond^ zm thirdy mr fiurthy unto the ^ 

thorfandtb Generation^ becauie Lam froferly Vncle to thkm 
Ally how far ibever dHlant in Deicent. . As iot Mirria^ 
mitb Sifiersy notwithftanding that the immediate Sonf cf 
Adam J bctaufe God created only mejd^omany were con^ , 
ftrained to marry their Sifters ; ycti ever Cnce, by GenerAl 
Cofifekt of all Nationsy it hath been coifnted Inceftuous. So ' 
then^ all Maniage with M>therSy Daughter Sy NeieeSy being 
cxprefly prohibited j if Mcfes will marry unthin his Kj^-^ 
dredy hQ mu&Jeeli^his fi^tfe amongft his Coufms. 



J ■ ■ ■ ^ 

%V^ »#/» C B Lh^A HI fix 

ISbW- lief»is the Qu«ftiM» Whltf^ %^ mfikA ajfi 

ii^fldM CO make fak Cki^f W^^ ^»k ^' Mcfenc 
Ls^^ of Gti^ai^ Mto, iNTt ilid fln^^ tlMM: . ^ ]My-£XH 
g>»e ^qrhWfeef!^ Nfattfagc was ft«^ t«tf^t»gioiiAg ^Wfi 
h^' '^ Phfi^Snrfms^ or C^^Oemm^.^ t&t if^m 
Id^ 11)1^ Jii;;^/,' We ftktt find mr^sfikiP^vbfyi Hij^ 

there is^ a Degree farther offpobibitedj and thcrefo^^fej^ 
coi^ueUbe^diis tbuft be t^^ lor iJM^iMRcr:'^ 

^r I O^- mate pkin^ iii the^ iequel df ^/ 0«) 

great : buir tlidft^^rhidi^ig^ k 9a^ ^okk^ iShixti reim^ 

C*> ^'l^*- * lariRhmy in a ^ra^'iU dfe DkkM»i#t!R? 
SiSX^ ^^>^ e^^r^i^ii: of-^ofe J\jc^§pient 
&Matth.c.4. iahd Leammg^we fe\^'ah)r Qj^feionV ^ 
(rfjifCwJi^/i^^ |r/mf, that Ifirfi^ikStts' riuif c«^»^ anjf 
- ; ' mxg in GorfV J^W^^notwiAftarkKng^ I 

rnluft' ^oafefi my I^orance, '^ * 

I know Wi any of our t(^fymi-ltiiwies tWit^ li^rvfc 
tWJtteri, Aat have thowght oth^rtvtft. Indectf Ciiftwi 
having fiiftaclcnowfedged, tftat^^e '.^ tf^oi^Mt not 
impeach jr> ; yet gives advice, in regird of thef^ Scmdrd 
the Churciids might^fiifler, tb abfliain ftbm Marrikgi^ in 
ribat Degree; and fe accofdihgjy i^ Churches of Geneva, 
of ^t Fafatihaie^ Mifhiaj Thur^nj^yZnA Saxony^ havefe^' 
verally by thefr Jh;eral Cm/Htufions prohibited i^' 6itt 
thtf toucherii not the cafe ; for I perceive the Queftion 
is of Second Cdufinsy imto whom thofe Churches fwhicH 

forbid the Firfi Degree) exprefly give leave ; 

lle'&k. ' ^"^^ ^ ^^ '^ recorded, * In ^ term aqualii 
L4* c. 9. * UfUa-gradu fermim f offline coif^ugia : whercf 

that thofe wordsj in teitio gradu^ deceive 

V , you 

«ii^i;*M?«ff flr'<i({.'li4wi*-if iTb^^ iefi,; ami 

WtrTV?Wfr"Wl|» 0-tc vo;(j 

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illLDUU J!)« "» iitfb'iO'j hli,"!.;"! ) i'> Yiu.'ll 


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W.,fi^^kJfr^ti»li^i i-iorL- 



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£p4 f^^ ■P%>%«< ^^pti 1^7- t^V (^^ ^% ^r4 >"'i^ 

ci(iH-</ Z>BPtM Mf ike Caam ham. F<» iq the Ci^il J^w 



wbiora the CbgnAtioff' firft uiiJtes, who here is tHy 
Granifatherj But^ in r^f^ cf ihe S^Mnd Coujm^ here 
is Gredt'Qtand^fdfi^iM then ydu A^V fl^f6 Second €ottfigT^ 
a^ count about ^ilt-yotk idbmie toSemdtit^ againjear- 
togout die Gr4^ii^/£er^ you (hatilitidthem tobe>Er P^- 
JS^,' and^ ioT Hifi^mtjiji Degrees M Jfl^miyd. Now mo 
degf^s'm'thc^Civfl Lai^l makt iyiat^eifi Degree in the 
Canon Lam J where tho-Rde is, that m JLinif 4 tefuah-^uee^ 
gradu diftam ajiifite^ tote diflant inter fi : By which you 
fkt jStat Second Coufms^ being an the T&Vi/D^^firom the 
Grand-father^ diey ^re iljiree^ DigmrM^from each c* 
eber. I have ftobd a litt|e upon thii^'' for this Caufc, that 
if any one Ih^uld perchice*paryoiroff with the Autho* 
rity of the Churches whica I have mentioii'd, you might 
not fe dcc e h^ t h rooghthe Eqmvocasm "--^'-^ ^- — 
Iurk;ift Aofe Wdj^i ifn l^tie Gradu. 

But to return to-traar JQiieftion of Cotil^Gimm, __ 
ther^is nothing in the^L 10^ tf'i^ mf^hfirhids^l^dar^ 
hettsf\xt ^^wi, w^^rdngiy was the i^raHife of Qo^ts 


Atfrfwere taarrted" 

his PaOghtcr ' MJith'm 

/UmleiX' Sons '^ mdCaleh pvd 

.**« *— & — v marriage to his' Brothers ^on j 

and'ftndiy InftailcerihcJre in this kind might be ghren. 
Now that the e things fliould be done by DiJ^er^ation 

. and Permijfion only (which I (ee is pleaded, by fame 
Men) I know no W^rant nor ftealcin for it: {o that 
what may be donb in this cale by the Latp of God^ I 
think is out of queftiM. *" ' 

Let us fee a little what the Li^t of Nature taught the 
Gentilesl Amongft them the wiftft and mofl: potent; were 
the l(dmans^ whofeL/wa^jKavekngbcdiefteemed for the 

fitmdefi and befii by the?' genentl Approbation of the mo|E 
and greateft Kingd9ms and Common-wealths in Eurcfe. 
•^ Now amoHgftttefe, the tf^manshbth by their-LiW 
•itJd'Praftifedid^^atrant Al«rrw^« between Ftrfi Coufins^ 
%h^ JLrfw is pkiil, arid- thus we read it in their BandeSfi 
tibout' the beginning of the xj* 6. Si nefotem e:c filioy (S 


iMtSC UtitANtBS, 337 

iUf^m ek Ulteto flio^ in foHfidh hdbeam^ futpHas inter eJ 
mt fih dkthart contrahi f(jft^ Pompmius fcribUj & verum 
ift, ""pM one Text is fuflScient, though I could quote 
ihsoiy othef Teftimonies out of their Law concerning 
this kind of Marriage. 

What their PnuSHfe Wa«, thefclnftances which cnfiie, 
will be lufficicnt to Ihew : Anciently under the firft 
Kings, hioipfius Hklycamaffeus tells U^, that ittnf Daughters 
of Servius TMus were married' to Lucim and Amus their 
Coofin-Gercnans, Nephews to Harquinius Prtjcus. Livie in 
his 42. 6. beings in one Spurius Liguftinus reporting* 
that his Father had given him for Wife his Vncle^s 
Daughter ; and thus he (peaks to his own praife and com* 
ttiendation, as it will appear, if you pleafe to perufe the 
place. TuSjt in his Orat. pro Cluentie^ tells us, that Cluen* 
Ha was married to Melius her Coufin-German : & erani 
he Nupti^ (faith he) pteme dignitatis plena eoncordia : 
which I think he would never have &id, had there Iain 
iipon fiich Marriages any note of Infan;iy. Auguflus the 
Snipers gave his Daughter 3^ia in marriage to MarasHus^ 
, Kephew to Augujius by his Sifter OSavia : And ^ntili* 
an tdls us, diat his Son (whoie immature Death he 
doth bewail j was defigned, when he came to Age, to 
marry his Uncle^s Daughter i and Marcus Brutus was 
married to his Coufin-German, as Plutarch relates. 

Out of this heap of Inftances it appearech, that in tlie 
^fman Common-wealth throughout all Ages, and amongft 
all Ibrts of People, Marriages between Firfi-Coufins ran un- 
conirouled : The firft that gave reftraint unto them was 
Theodapus the Great, which Law of his is yet to be (een 
in that Book of his Lawd, called Codex Tbepdoftanus. B xt 
this Law continued not long, for hfs own Sjns, Arcadius 
and Honorius qufckly revers^ it, and' in Ximo^^r^iit 
this Law, which is extant in the Book coi^^^^^mis 
Code J and ftands for good Lawamongft xhe'Civili^ms^t 
this day, Celehandis inter con(obrims PMtrimoniis Ucentia 

Zr kgif 


legis hujus faluhritate indulta efi^ ut revocata frifci juris mih 
thoritat^ reftri&ifytte jc^lwnniarum fcmenHs^ nmtrimmum 
int^'coi^ohrinos habeafur hgitimum^ /he ex duohus fratrihis^ 
five ex duobus fororihiSj five ex fratre f3 firere ngn Jime : (S 
ex eo matfimonio editi kgitimi (3 fiiis fatrihus Jucceffires ha* 
heantur* Tlius ftood the cafe concerning thofe Marria- 
ges, until the Blftops of ^$me began to grow great, and 
took upon them to mak§ Laws : For then, whether to 
make way for Diffettfatimsy whereby to get Money, oc 
for what other By-re(pefts, I know not ; not only Firfi 
and Second Cou/insj but all Coufins untill ^t feventh Gene^ 
• ranon^ were exprefly fro/jtbifed to marry ^mutually ; till 
_ at length the Bithop- of ^^e freed the ^irer latter De* 
^reesj and prohibited Marriage only to Coufins in fowr 
Defunts \s and ib till this day among thofe that acknow- 
ledge the fiipertority rfthafSee^ all marrying within ^iir 
I>cgreesj except it be by D{/^enfati(my is utterly forbid- 

And if it be lawful for me to (peak what I think, I 
verily iiippofe, that not from any reaion, but only by 
reafbn of the long prevailing of die Canon Lam^ JMarri* 
ages betwixt near Coufins were generally forbom. And 
from hence arofe a fcruple in the Minds of many Men, 
concerning . the lawfulnefs of fuch Marriages: But all 
caufe of (uch feruple ambngft us b long fmce taken a* 
way. For at what time "we'caft off the Tol^ of the Bifhop 
of £^ne in the 3 3 year of King Hen. 8 . a Statute was 
*ena6led in Parliament, which was again confirmed in thfe 
firil of Queen Elis^abethy that no Degrees of Kindred 
Jhould be forbidden Marriage, but only foch as were 
fet down in the Levitical Lawj and amongfl; the Degrees. 
fpiecified in that A6t as lawful (]£ ray Memory fail me 
iioi/'Cht^n-germans arc exprefly mentioned. 
•^ iTo (um up all then what hitherto hath been laid. 
What realbn have we to doubt of the lawfulncfi of that, 
which thfe Lauf of God permits, ; the People of God pra- 
• ' aifcd. 

Miscellanies. '559 

S6&if the beftand leamedft Divines have acknowledge 
ed, the wifeft kmongft the Gentiles in their Laws and 
Pra£i:iies have approved^ and our own hbmieifd Lam^ 
under which we live,exprcfly.alloWi 

This had been enoUgh to &tisfie any gain^fiyer what« 
feeyer. And indeed I had ended here, but that when 
your Letters came to my hands, there was delivered 
with them 2, Schedule^ containing realbns perlwading all 
Jiich kind of Marriages to be utterly unlawful. Concerning 
the Authority of which Difcourfe, to pipfefi what I 
think, I take him for a very pious and iealpus Man j 
and I ^raeftly defire of him, if ever hc^chance to be 
acquainted with what T write, to conceive of me as one 
who delights not in ofpoJUimj except it be for the Truth, 
at lead in Opinion. My advice to him is to add K^w* 
ledge to his ;^e4/, aacf to call agam to account his reafbns,, 
and more diligently to examine them. fTb/e ftrength 
of his difcourfe is not ib miich his Reafqn, as his Pajfim^ 
a thing very prevalent witl^ the common fert,, who as 
they are feldom capable of ftrength of ^realon, ib are, 
they eafily carried away yith pafllonate difcourfe. This 
thing ought . to be a warning to us of the Clergy ^ to take 
heed how we deal with the People by w^y of Paflion, 
except it be there where our proofs are found. PaJJion 
is a- good Degy kut an ill. Shepherd. Tortum digna fe^jui fofius 
quam ducere fimem \ it m^ perchance follow Well, bur \t^ 
can never lead wcU, I was much amazed to read hisrelo- 
lution of Preaching in this cafe fo eamefHy, as to breaks 
hers Or his heart ( who defire to Marry ) or his own, or 
all— -He that fiiflFered himfelf thus far to be tranfporred 
with affeftion, ought to have flimifhed himfelf with 
ftronger reafpns than any. I Here can find : But I wilt 
let hi&Paffionj;o, for to contend with it were infinite;' 
for Pajlipnhath Tongue and Clamour enpught but no 
Ears. : The Reafbns, fo many^^ I think require anfwer, 
I will cake up in orderas. they lie in the P4/fr. And 
y' \ ^ ' '' tx ' "^ firft. 

340 MISCBLLAt^ Ms 5. 

firft, I find one phrafe of Speech^ which is very predomT 
nant, and runs aimoft throu^ the vfeins of the W 

it is this, 

That Chrlftians hath^ Chriftiafis abher. Men, Wd- 

meil, and Children cry tnn agjainll: fuch kfitJ nf Marines. 

But who are thoffe Chrfftians df Whom, he Tpefeta ? If he 

means the better Ibrt of Learned and Judieioitt Divines, 

he is certainly deceived, for I have (hewed ialHeady the 

contrary j and let him for Any infotmatiwi, tf !he cah, 

procUlce for himfetf fome mt tmteftant Learned Di'vint. 

If he mean ifbme of the ordinary (brt : I anlWer, ^ds thfe 

fault of their Guides, who ought better to have infbrm*- 

cd them. And* whereas toward the latter end of tiie 

DifcoUrfe, we * art told of i Jjit^ Wmim^ t^Bed in 

Cmfcienccy hctatife file hatl ^^anied her Co/^; Fifft, I 

ask, of what >>7Ctght the Judgment dF i <iHy Wortan is ? 

Secondly, \ a!nfvil?r, that this ptoVes not th^ thing to be 

lihlawftil. NcJw let x)ur Aftsht whit they W^C ;good 

or bad, yet 5^ We do thcifr, ftppofing them to be unUm- 

fuly We Bn. It is a Ruled Oife ; amongft the C«i«^//^ 

tonjcicntia ' efrmea tigat hakentein^ he that deltb a good 

aftion, taking it to be iJnhwfu!, toh^itismlatfid: If 

If therefore againft her Confiiertde i( though peradventure 

mij'itifomed) Ihe married hel- Cowfin, fee deferved the 

torment of mind j and yet Manriagb 'tetmen €»ttf}n^erfmM 

may be lawful enough. Wherefore I prty you addfi 

thofe, concerning ^diom this qucftion is propoled, that 

if they find h themfclves any tioubt ooncetnir^ the la0- 

fulncfs of the ailion^ they forbear to attempt "it, unt?!! tU 

fcrttple be reihovy. But I fee that the main foundation 

of this difccJui fe is laid in thefe Words of Mtfes^ ^^'^^Tou 

/hali not ajffro'adh il ^ ihkt it nedr pf I^n^ to uHcover her 

NakeJnf/s : Whei'e by iiear of iQh^ fhft^ and Second CoHfins 

amongft tlte Y^.ar^ "ftim^ to be mdmt For tmtvter 

to whic1i,'''^^1(iVp' l:^tthe eriUriieratioh of particokrs 

( which l^^s firtH^ 'plact^kedi ) is a Tiiffident com- 

•^ ^^ ment 

topm upon tbqi^ Wor^ wd chofe who are reckoned up 
dq>rcfly together with,^ othei^ in whom the /«|i? 
r^4fin is found, arc tQ be. eij^^mcd for meair.of iCfii, and 
befide$ them m <^W i j f^X/thpfe f» wbmike Same rear 
jSnisfqund. Bec^uft IcupcD^gr^es there ar^, which 
are pott mentioned by -M^x, and ye^^arexonfeflcd to be 
proh^itfdt, ft is pcii firkidipiZ. i^ma^ to Marry her 
Mtf:hers Sifim JJ^ofuii jet it Is not lawfol ; (ox the. Mpt 
h forbidden ^o M«77 hf* Padjen ^rg^bfts fV^di/tt?. Nw 
the Jam Tfi^an k thenf betwixt 4 A^' ^nd his Btthers 
Bmbar4 ffW?«% whi^his betwixt a fVom^ and her A4b- 
I&fjf4 J^O'J^ if^fk4^ and thewof c *<?<* are underftood 

• for a i(iiU anfiir^r to thefc^wqrdi, I rcfet ^' Apt^ of 

V this jpi|eour£* tp Fr^^ ^ttpman^ a J^ned C^tviUimy 

and an eafnf^ Proteftant^ .who in \i& Dictation, dejute 

flufti^rmf^ C4fp. 6^ hath tbefe wprds, . -^ui^ W^P^^^r 

fmruni. J*ft^ finf^ W: ^j^^ homnis^ n^tii^^. filu^s 

$m emmer4fi^ ^.fadli intell^^^f fm fimemmprji^ frjf 
futfd lege frobiinmia , vfititt^ ^ism efi^ ffimijfm ifuelligji- 

' Now thi: better to worlt^ n$ to a concek, tha( jfuc^ 
Marri^g^ a?)^ unlawful, tbf examples of tbfi Gemi{ej( aije 
called to help 5 li^d yre ^e inforped xhzt Jpl^ar^by a 
] gcwe Wrltery tdOs vis of one who was greatly endan- 
gered by Afimj/i»' A|j CpufmG^rman i certainly ^it was 
great want <if |;xi(U^ ippvoj the Qg^fleman 

tQ n3akechQl<; th^ •* A wprle for his pqrpo(& be pou^ 
not eafJy have foi|nd« / For indefrf it is true, that, P/w- 
far^b tells ns^ that (6m^ one ( »iw, . or wieny be tcjfs ,not) 
wa9 publickly qu^itioned f<>r it j^ but ,wichal \\ff^\h us, 
that be mas 4{obfe4^ and a i4f^ ma4ey that for. ever after 
m Hm, Jbould h q^fimed for fi daing^ Marc of rhe<c 
examples were not li)Lely much to prgiKlioe oyr caui^. 


For certainly they that abfihedthe Party^znA imde. a Lm^ 
that iw M4« ever after (hould be mokfted on tKc like occa- 
fion, in likelihood could do It, upon no rieafon, but upon 
conceit, that the ^ci^rt*<»i was founded upon ^ error. 

But :^hat the Authority of Plutarch cannot do, that 
peradventure the . Judgment of St. Amhrtfiy St Auguftine^ 
St.Grtf^<w7, 'aitd no left tban T<?» Cmmcils^ will effeftV 
for all: theft are brought and urged to difiounfenance ait 
Marriage betdfioif near Coujihs, Firft, for St. Andnrofi and » 
*St. Auftine^ no marvel if jhey (peak fujficioufy concern- 
ing this "kind of Marriages, fiijce they lived at the time 
when';the Lam made by "theodofias \s!i prejudice 'of them 
:was as yet unrepealed : fndced'}^t.Ainbrofi would make 
us believe, that ftdr Mafrf iag^ are; agai^fi the Lam of 
Qody but in- that point '^d was defcdf^cjd. ' St.-rf^we 
fpeaks mckt: \:autelouJly d^c^iining this kind' oF^Marriagds, 
and acknowledging, that^by the JLw of .'GW the/ Were 
permitted; 6bferves,. th'at^thqr had been but lately pro- 
hibited by Hikfmfie Authority^ And as for Scjbrezory^ it 
is wcfl kAo^^^n that th? Bifhops of t($me liad already be* 
gan to enfarge their 'Pifyla&friesj and taken upon them to 
makeXdVs far more thaYi iihey needed : arid now look- 
ing biggei: then their Fellows, All Councils^ efpecially 
'lii'tKli' fi^, were made with Jonie ref^St t5o what they 
had dctrcedt . No marvel therefore if fi mary Councils are 
brought to cry doom Marriages with FsrH and SdcMCoupns^ 
which -the Pi^es had already difcountenanted'j we 
' fhbiifd lather tnuch hav^ marvelled if any Council had 
'a^)pcjatri^,[irf* favour of them.; AH therefore that thefi 
CouncilrhzW fiid in this pointi is in a Ibrt to pafi for no- 
' thing ;dfe but the H^iS of the Bifht^ of l{pHe^ to which 
' hoW'tiibch we are to attribute,,' I leave to the' Author of 
the Difcour(e to judga Arid fhould we attribute aOjf 
thing to StGregotyi his greateft Authority makes no- 
thing agatrift' our caufe : For he in his anfwer to ^Auftin^ 
QWr Englilh Prelate, forbids the Ifaws only agairift Firfi 


Cmfins\ agamft Seamd and i:hird he Wh no' quarrel > 
nay, his words^ found quite contrary, * t;«rf<p neceffe eflf 
filth, he, utin tertia^ which is the cafe, vel in quart a ge^ 
neroHam^ TiAUs fiki licite Cmjungmtur* So that this' 
Authority of St. Gregory may well ei^ough return to the^ 
place where it was taken, for any harm It is likely {^ 
do. The fitne may be (aid to SuAmbrofe ^nA Sx.Au^ 
fttfie^ that in the cafe they may be admitted without 4ny 
danger. For what they fiy concerns only Firfi Coufins;^ 
whk:h falls a degree ftiort of the cafe. . - 'i 

There is yet one reafon of ibme confequenice^rtHnaim.^ 
For we iire informed, that it muft needs be that *M^j^ 
%e betwixt Firfi Coufims that 4s ifarbsAkn^ t>ecaufe a fk-^ 
gree farther off is forbidden. : For^ this purjpofe .:we' a'rta^ 
a^'d, Ir mt thy Fathers Brothers fV^dow farther eff^'ika^^ 
thy Fathers Brothers Daughter ? I atifwer No ; for, niy -^sapi* 
theirs Brothers Vhdm is my Aunt ; but my Fat'hefsyRfi^^ 
thers Dat^hter is my CouJinrGerman y but my Atmi is>»^^A«l 
ertomethen my C(?a/J». Lool^ but upoii x)ti!t''Dr4kght^ 
qf D^ees which I have before drawn, and if you counts 
from Me to inf Fathers Brother^ ( which is the place cT* 
tOLj Aunt ) you (hall find but three Degrees : but ftotti ' 
Mr to m^ Cot^fhGerman^ or Phfi-Coufin^ you (hall find 
four Degrees^ And .whereas we are told, that to make ^ 
amends for this we muft take notice, that my Vpicks^^ 
JVtdow is tied to me only by outward affinity Jbut my C^ujin- 
German is near to me by Biood and Cenfanguini^ I an-' 
Iwer, that the difference betv?ixt Affinity and Confangtuait^* 
in this place helps not at all: It is confefled, tha: \o(^'^ 
whatd^reeof Coffitigiiimty is forbidden, the fisne de^ *^ 
gree of ^^Ipr Jikewife is fbfbidden, if ^ny bctiamcru^ 
&ed: For aslmay mt Marry my Mother j fo I may not ' 
Marry my Fathers H^idmy my Bastghter, and my Sons ' 
Wifk\ myJMwce^ and my Nefheo^ r Pf^tfe^ are oH *aff^ 
forbidden to me. . i Atid by tjie lime Analc^y, as . t ma 7 
not Marry. n{y ^>4to^, (oLmay not Maify ns^ Vtivler* 

Z 4 fVidcip, 

344 Adt'ZSCJEJtXviN/^J. 

i^^^. Yet to help the lamtnefi of this Rcaibo vm; 
are told, (but not fornews I trow, iR>r who ko^w k not^J 
that in Cwfanguini^^ ioim degrees further renuved are ^** 
eluded Marriage ; for snftance^ my Brothers GntruMU* 
dren^ to t^e P(M/r/^ 4»4f fifib Generasion: yet all thi^ 
Wind blows no Com; for it is already granted, that T 
am excluded the mhdle Line of mj Neices^ not only to thflf 
Fourth and Fifths hut to 4II Gemrati<ms foffible. And here 
the Line of Neices fiifiers the fime which the Line qf Mo^ 
fhersf of Aunts J of Daughters dod^ which ar^ mhollj ex^r 
eluded in the fartbefi d^ee imaginahk ; ib that the toial 
ixctufien qf Heices proves not the Marriage of Firjt and 
SecotkiCouJms unlawful; much leis doth the exetufion of 
them to the Fourth and Fifth Generation : So that any Lam^ 
ef Qo^^ or found H^afon notwitliilandin^, JMdrrisge be^ 
tmixt-FirJi Coufim may very well p6 ior lawful. But 
whereas fi»ne <£ ^ Antients, andlikewile (bme of the 
Modem Churches^ out of icrupulofity, havte exduded Mar^ 
riage betwixt FirftCouftnsi yet neither any of the Ami'^ 
enfs^ nor my Churches at this da/ that I know; ( the ^ 
CiuTch (fS$me onfsf excepted) have prejudiced the Marri^ ' 
zgl^ o( SecondtCotrfins : So that whofiiever they be thac 
I^arry in that degree, if themrelve& be p^fwaded of thiB> 
loHfulnsjipi their A£tion, they have no cau(e to doubt , 
of the Mleffing qf God upon them and their Pofterity. 

That which remains of the C>i(courie yet untouched^ 
IS of m great weight, though of foxos^ heat; ftn* in* 
deed it is nothing el£ but i</7f/»ric4/ and Paffhnate am* 
pUfi^tion, and to return Anlwer to it were but to 1(^ 
my labour : if this which I have done give you content^ 
I hftve my defire. Only thUA miuch I rcqueil of you 
for my jprains, that you will cauie your Amammfif^ t6 
tratiicrib? a Cop of.wvf Leitersy^cod at yoijpr leifiire tend |e 
ine. . For whereas I Waa long finoe defired to ^ deliver - 
my ifelf in di^ point,, in the behalf of .a great FetioQ 

/ .-:_^ •■•.■'./ '■■'' ■■'■■■ •• ■ ^ , ■•' of 

V • • 

g|- rUs Land, who bjioW ^h God, 1 kept no Cbp^ 
of my Mediittiaas, )yf 'which Enor l vras now a* fkr to 
ieek as oven, Vii<*>''<'asilweiijfe which aade me flow- 
«! in rcmrnioa-Airfiirer » y«ur Lmen. This courte- 
^ if ywfli^JK fdaded tagnbit m«, you Oiall for 
BwroWige umo.yau, 

JOHN hales: 

; The Meili:p4,0f ^cadk^ Piip&ne HiOo^. ' 

IN pCTiifii of fl^ijp, fidl, Jp:o>t% yqu- ipow Wn- 
rters in e^w«/<^and,Cj^igKjP^. .,.For if you W 
. , knorapt pfihjj'1Sp«/an3V.5iffl^ 
the. thinb:y9U- read w«re dpjjc,,.if [jaonoC chufi Ina 
ttfcttl conrufion in your rcatiing, .afia naakc y<xi trwriy 
^es grofly to nip and rniCrakc^'jfafir.difcourfc.^ Wheti 
thp^ore you fet to your BooR, ,,liaya by.;you Htlvittti 
nis Chrojiology; ami a Ma^ of ibia.iCoyniryiji whii^ycal 
SJre convcrfaDt) and repair imtQ^jJipin to acauaJot ybil" 
" With timeand place, when, a^^#lK^_yo^ars; Ifiyo* 
b^ yerfing ihe ^w«fn* Hi/ioriet, .jjien prwide you p^i>A>- 
tp/sMitft^ or o«e/wihip Cf»Wf«.fleigK^«; if tbeJai* 
fcr, thenlonieofthe'Mrifcni C<tr4j~.,, -, ,, ..■ ...;'i. 

As for JMfi&i; of Biatiiog Hlftory*-oote, that- tb«o 
are in , Story iwp ,th^ el^aaiiy sonfidErablc. Firft|( 
tbe Oi-dtr' ^ >&?; jwpt ff feif: jjj^ Secondly, A4t4^ or. 
Smieal Ohfervatinpt^ ftir omiBOuiif?, aqd prailiot; 
: For the l^ttT^ iheS, rljerern^ ru Method vx 
reading ;' all the mrtbod is in -A^iyj^wr raiding, l^ 
bHftgIng it intoi*4iif, or Cwwwb.^a or Mias, or 
the like. For 5> 'this kind, read wh^ Books, and in. 
what order ye lift, ft matters not; fo your Uoiei may 
""""*■■■■ be 


be m £>fDe Juch tnrder as^oay be t^^firjti. For tie 
former, that k^tcowfi oh4 crd^rf tbeSuny ; The tf*^ 
iertf na^fig ought to be .the lame 'mdx the. on^ 
efthe^ things tbemfdvex^i yrhaXW^&firfii.iom^ that s A> be« 
re4Jf» thcfirjifljipei wjbat was aext, in the next plaoc^ 
and lb forward ; the Jueceffim ^^ ojpder of time and 
reading being the fame. This if you mean to obienre 
exaBlj ( which i thinly it, is not filneceffiuy for you to 
do) you muft range your ^i/r^i according to the /iine/^ 
vi^^ the) thipgsf i&isff^r\t were oRed^ and in the fime 
crder read them; 

^-Butbefa^ y ou c i eme to r^d thenar gf a^^ Pw^pfcr a 
thde that intend togptO;Bf»b^ wM f^i^fee m^/if^ 
th^ound upt§?S)pHcS^ey are' ta'plaJrVTo it ffiall not 
be amifi for yoq,. firft^ to ^tafce ^vemaL^view , if 4' 

^w/4' wl^ jpJ^ to traye 

by widing foiM fh^ e^re you read 

t(gmm Stwy;{ick ii^t^^ you wtax ^ib^ Studies! fl;^ 
b«ld>^ firft, read tartfiM^ L. Fim^\iO^ briefly: cdii; 
ttnu6^ the Sxtftf max lk$mubfi till Augifius^ (hut the 
Temple of ifam ;• • And ' liF yop woidd' yet go lower, ad4 
then' unto Flam^^ Eiardfim\ikBre^anipn\^ yib^^ firomthq 
fime point brings ttie'Stofyimto'jIg^ tbeEimermr, 
This iwffl gi*e-]^ou a general tafte APJIiitf ;t>ufuieK, aiia 
addiig^tmito'pkitkib^ t^--, 

' Tliis done, thch tike Uw fli^^r,'^ N^^ becaufe 
£i«;i> is very much b!r6ken m'^ itii^eB^ and parts Lof 

.him loft J it may .be:qubfeonedi W'*^^^ *^^^ 

toread;LjVf-^JW»ijgft?^ imPtifeBims^ bcferc 

you meddle withan^ other? or wfa^tj you come to^anj^ 
imf&ftBim^ to leave hiiEi, and fupjlxfy' his' wants by i«^ 
teraalatien bf fotne diiiclf^Aytti6r,^*fo relume .^im in-' 
10 your hands againi\^rtfiSi^«^;toK% anlwcr,/ werejt, 
ypiicjpurpofe ex^Sfy^to^^ohftrkie the . co^e of the^Storjf^ li- 
xwrrr not amifi aieteife jLiw feifepfi;' 'before J^u go 'to' 
his next Books, toftpply the drtcdt oujcof fonie other^ 

V 0: :^^ • -l*, Authors: 

Mif CELL AN IBS. 347: 

■ • • • . 

Autliors; but Cnce this kaotthat yoix. frinclpalfy intend^ 
but (bme. other thing; and again, htcawCt variety of Au-^ 
ihwi mi^ nouble you^ it wUl be better for you Co read' 
Uvie throughout^ wirfiout interruption. When you have 
gon? hini through, then, if you pldafe, you may look; 
batck, and take a view of" his imferfeSicnt^ and liipply. 
diem oiit of fome other Authors, partly Latins as Ju-^ 
ftin^ Saluftj Cafars Commentaries^ Hirtiusy VeUeyus Pater^[ 
culm: parity Greeks as Potyhius^ Plutarch., Dionyjius Hd'l 
^yqOmdffeitSy .Affianus^ Alexandrinus^ Dion ^ajfim: out dP 
xwlixch Authors you may reafonably; ftipply .whatlbever' 
iswanting in LiWe. . '/ \ 

V Havmg thus brougfit the Story to the change\of tht\ 
Empire, you muft now, begin another courfe ; and firft 
you muft take in hand Suetonius VranjuiBus^ who being 
carefully p^led, your way lies open to the 'reading of 
our Politicians great Apoftle X«c/>«/. , Now thefime in- 
felicity liath befallen^m, which before I noted in Li"' 
vie: ibr as . thls,^j^ that is very imperfe% and broken^* 
a great part both of b*s Annals and Hi/lories being loft. 
Arid as I couillelled you foi' Lm>, fo do'I for Tacitus^ 
that you ' read |um thro^lghout, without intermingling 
any other Authoitj iadmving gone him througl^ irf 
what^ you (h^ll fee hiiii impirfeft,'. Dioti. Cajfmsy 6t 
his Epitdmizer XifhUinty WW help you out ; though by* 
reafbn of your fir^-reaJing of Suetonius^ you fhall fihcf 
your felf, for a good part' of the Story, furnilhed be; 

And thus are you come to the Reign of l^erva^ wherri 
Suetonius and Tacitus ended ^ hitherto to come is a rea-* 
Ibnable task for you yet. 

If you' (hall defire to know the State and Story iiP- 
terward till Omftantine^s death, and the Divifion oftbi 
Efiilfirif or farther, to the fell of the iVeJlem Emfire]^ 
kt me underftand your mind^ and I wilf &tisfie you» ' 

^ 'For 

34? MISC MlhANlBS. 

For the Editions of thofe Authors httfaerto oiodtkin* 
,cd i your choice is beft of thole, whom either Liffius^ 
or Gruterus^ or Catfibon have iet forth r though irjou 
be careful to buy^r dookifjon can fiarcely chuie v 
mifi; your Greek, A^b§rs^ ir you lift not to iroubte 
your lelf with the Language, you fiiatl eafiiy find vx 
Latin iuffident fer your ule. Only Ph^^rcb^ what e^ 
ver the matter is, hath no luck to the Ladn^ andthere^ 
fore I would advife you either to read hiiti txk Fremk or 
in Bf^li/h. But as for TMim^ the Chief cock in tbo 
Court-buket ; it U but meet you ^e ^ial good Mr, 
vile in reading of him : Lifjms^ Savikf PickenOf wd Or 
(hers, have taken great pains with him in emaculiUin^ the 
Texfy in fitlnig the- readit^j efening the Ctfiomf% e^omd^ 
ing the Stety^ &c and therefore you muft needs have re- 
courle unto^'themi yet this in only Critk^^ and not 
Cmrtlj Leamiug: Tacitm for your ufe requires othet: 
kind of Comments. For iince he is a Coneifi^ Dffffin 
apd by repute a tery Oraa^kms Writer^ almoft ia every 
line pointmg at Ibme State-Maxim: it had been a good 
Employment \ for Ibmc good Wit, |o have cx^unded, 
proved, exemplified at large, wh^t; bp doth for the 
fnoft part only but intimate. SopetHing our Age hatti 
attempted in this kind, though to little puipole. Grut^r 
rus hath colledled certain ip&a^ We and there, coUeiS):^ 
fd out of him : and Scffio Animirati hath glo£|ed him 
in lome places according to idie, Sh^Uomntfi. of the new 
italian Wits. But Jtmbd Scotus^ Groom of the Qiam^ 

|?er toSixtus '^ntusi h^Ai delperately gone through 
him aD, whom I would wMh you to look upon, not 
for any great good you (hall teap by him (for he is thf 
worft t&t ever I readj only Vojt? fh^ fte by ihat 
which he hath with great intelfcity attempted, what 
kind of Comment it is, which if i^y/ere well pq"fp*med, 
Would be very acceptable to us. ' 


Fiotik the onifer 0/ KfsJnig^ we come to die Exctrpa^ 
and tb iuch things as weobilrve and gMhtr tn our read' 
tn^. Here are two thin^ ta be marked: Firfi^ the 
fMften ztid ihii^j Which wecoUoft y Secondly, theiiMif* 
fier ^ Afitwng^ p^^^^^ ^^if^^ them in bur Papers 
Books io^ our j|)eed7 ufe. 

To omit all diat which bebngs to the S^U and Im- 
gtm^ wherein foar Audior Writes, in which I iuppoie 
you mea:n not much to troi^le your ielf ; matters obier- 
vable in Hiflwy^ may be all ranked undo: three Heads ; 
Firft, there is die Stmy iffilf^ whkh ufiially we gather 
by Bfkomi^if^ it. Secondly ^ there are MfieSaneoj fiich 
as are the Names and Geneakgies of Mm ; Defcriptions cf 
Cities^ mSsj ^gversy H^edsyScc. Cufiems^ q$ces^ Magi- 
firatesi Prpdigks^ certain <piainit Ohiervatbns, as who 
was the firft DiSaeer ? when die lemons firft began to 
tile Sbifpmg} or to €ein Gold f what manner of Mmeys 
the Ancients v&d ? their manner offVar and Military Jii- 
prwnems y and an infinite multitude of the like nature. 
Thirdly, there are Mr4/!r4. 

For the firft^ you need not trouble your ielf about it, 
it Is abtady done to yoiu- hand. Fordaere isahnoft no 
Story of note» whem>f therei is not ibme Efitmne^ as 
good as any you can frame of your own. Indeed, if 
you did intend any exaft knowledge of Hiftory, it 
were gDod you did this your leli^ though it were AShan 
'^ere: Becaufe what we do our Hves, ftkjcsbciftin our 
Memories, and is moft for our ufe. But iince your aim 
h a:t femething elfe, you may (pare your own, and 
-make ufe of others Labours. The ficmd Bead is plea* 
fant, but is meerly Critkal and Scbola/iicalj and (b the 
le& pertinent to you, and dierefore I (hall not need to 
1|)eak any m<»e of it. The TUrd^ which I called M>. 
talsy is that Bepttl^ whidi you mdl woe ; under this I 
comprehend dl Moral Sentenca and Conunen Places^ al)i 
mtatle Bxamfks of ^ftiee^ of SfgUgien^ ice j^b^msy 

. Vafie 


Vafie iS fimuUnter diSa & faSk j Civil Strati^mt an j 
Plots to^ bring ends about: Cenjures upon Mcda Berfins 

rand ji^iims : Cmfideraticns upoQ'Men^Nit/Mr^/ and P{/^ 
fofitiom^: all things that may. fcrve ior Proof or Diffroof^ 
iUuJhratim or AmfUjkanm of any Moral \Place: Cdif/ukrati-' 
ens of the Circumjlances of Actions', the /^4/&w why they 
prove Juccefifuly or their Errurs^ if they prove unfirtunate : 
As in the iecond Punick. fVar^ why Amital ftill prevailed 
■by /:^4^i»^' his Adiions ; Fabius^ on the contraiy, by de^ 
lay. And this indeed is one o( the fpecial Profits that 
comes by Htftojy. And therefore I have always thought 

^ Polybius (might wc have hirii perfeft) one of the beft 
tliat ever wVotje Stdry, For whereas odier Hiftorians con- 
tent themfclves to touch and point at the true reaibnsof 
Events in civil buiinefij Polybius^ when he hath H//?^- 
callj! fet down an A^ion worthy confideratipn, leaves it 
not io, but reveiws it, inllfts^ and» as it were, comments 

' upon it J confiders all the Circwnjiances that were of any 
force in the manage of it; and contents not himielf, as 
it were, to caft its Water, but looks intp its Bowels, and 

- fhews where it is ftrong, arid where difeaied. Wherefore 
I would have you well acqusunt your felf with him^ and 
efpccialJy witi thofe Pajfagcrl nowipeak of , that they 
may be pattfemsto you to do. the like, which that yoji 
may with greater afliirance and profit do, make fecial 
account of rhofe who sifrotc the things ofth^tr oum timesy 
or m-^Yicyithemfeives were Agents^ efpeciaMy if you find 
them to be fiich as Jmft teH. the truth. For as it is with 
Painters^ .who many times draw Pictures of fair Wo- 
men, and call them. Helen j or Venm^or of great Emferors^ 

' and call thpm Alexander^, or Cafar ; yet we know they 

• carry no rcfemblance of the Peribns whole Names they 

• bear : 5o, . when Men write and decipher ARions^ , long 
'..before their TimOy they may do it with great H^t and 
. Elegancy y .exprcli much foliticl^ fVffdom^ firaipe very 
.bekutifol Pieces; but how far they exprcfi .the true 


Countenance and Life of the A^ons themfilv^^ of this 
it ^erfi no impety to doubt : unlefs we were afliircd 
they drew it from thofe who knew and faw what they 

' One thing more, ^'re I leave thb Head, I will ad- 
monifh yoil of. It is a cxxnmxmSchalicat Error to fit our 
Pdjfors and Nofchooks with Oyervations of great and /r* 
m$us Events^ dther of great Batteb^ or civil Broils and 
Contentions* Tint Esqpeditioii of Hercuks his Qff-lpring 
for the recovery of Pthfomefij the building of H^me^ 
the Attempt of . l(^ului againft the great Serpent of Ba- 
graJofj the Punkl(, H^ars^ the Hiwf ef Carthage; the Death] 
rf Cafar^ and the like; Mean while diings of ordinary 
courfe and conrnim Life gain no room in bur Paper-Books. 
Petronius wittily and (harply complain'd againft Scboot" 
Mafiers in his dmes, A(Ue[centulos in Scholi ftultijjimos fie-, 
ri^ ^uia nihil ex ii jfM<f in ufit hahemm attt audiunt am vi- 
dent j fid firatat 0lm cateni in Uttore ftantes (S ^anmco'si 
ediSa firibentesy quibm imfereht fiHi^ ut fatrian fiiorum ca- 
fita^fracidantj fid rejfor^a in feftikntia data ut virgines tres 
out fiures immolentur ; iii* which he wifely reproves the 
Error of thofe, who traimng uf rf Touth in the Pra<Stife 
<j£ K^oricka never (uffered them to pra^He their Wic^ 
in things ofufiy but in certain ftrange fiifralunary Argtn 
ments^ which never fell within the Sphere of common 
A&idfL This Complakit is good againft divers of thoie, 
who travel in Hiftofy, For' one or the greateft reafons 
that fo many of them thrive (6 little, ahd grow no wi- 
fer Men, is, becaule they flight things of ordinary courfi^ 
and obferve only grcat^natters of mof e note, but lefa 
ttfe. Htxw doth it benefit a Man who lives in Peace, 
to obferve the Art how Cafitr managed Wars ? or b/ 
what Cunning he afpired to the Monarchy ? or what ad- 
vantages they were that gavd Scipio the Day Againft 
Hasmital ? Theie things^ may be known, not becayfe 
^ knowledge of tbefe diings is- ufefuJ, but becaufe it k 
*.. ^ an 

# , 

3 jx ^ tiS C EL L A NieS. 

an imputadon to be ignorant of ibeta j their greaieft i^ 
for you being only to fumifh out your Diloourie^ LeC 
me therefore advife you in readings to have a qire oF 
tlkfi Difcourfes which exprels domeftick^ zndfrivate AHi^ns^ 
clpecially;ifthey be foch, whereifi your lelf pUrpofi^to 
venture yopr Fortunes. Fpr if you rcdUfie a Uttleydur 
Conceit, you fhall fee that it is die/bn^ Wifdom^ which 
tnanages ftivate Bujbufij znd Sfdte Affain^ and that the 
one is a6^ed with as much folly and cale, a3 theothen 
IS you will not believe Men, theft look into our Col^ 
ledges^ Where you fliall iee, that I fay mtxia^ flotting fir 
m He^if^ (for that is now becpme a Caurt-bufin^s} 
hat the Contriving of a Bwferjhip o^mmty Iiiobks a year^ 
IS many times done with as great a Portion ofJiHr^^ fid-^ 
ingf ftdpfldntifigi 4nd of other Cwrp-Uk^ Arfs$ as the gain* 
ing of the $e(^etaxys PUct j onjy the difierenc^ ot the 
PerioQS it is, which makes the ope. ^^maal^ the other 
Tragical^ To think that there is mor€; Wi(<iom placed 
in meie IpeeSous Matters, than in private Carriages, is 
the &me Error, as if you (hould dfiink there were more 
Art re(]uired to paint a Kl*99 than a Country .Gendmmit 
whereas our Dutch Pieces may (erve to confute you^ 
wherein you (hall (ee a Cup of S(^»fthmini^ a D^ tf 
Kfid^s^ a Br^s Pan^ an HolUnd Cheefi^ the Fifker-mm 
felling Fifh at SchcvcliHg^ or xkc J^t^hen-mdid jfUtif^ m 
Loin of Mutton^ done wuh as gneat DfUcdgimd clmcw^ 
of Arty as ,can be expreiled in th^ Delineation of the 
greateft ^lknarcb m tloR World. 

Fromthc or^. of readifigf tad the jMttteri in reading ta 
be cbierved, we come to the Method of Obfervatiotu 
What order we are for our beft u(e to keep vbl entring 

our ^otes into our PaferrBookif 

The cuftom which hadti moft pf evailed hitbcrtpj wat 
common placing a thing at the fi(^fl Original very plain wi 
fimfle ; but by after-^imes much increaled, fbme 9Ug^ 
n^uing the number of the He/idsi othars inventing 



i|my0rlfoitii8i>f 4i^(ing^ t till at lengdi Ccffi^ 

ivfMiftti^Eft^lMybr^l^ the ^omm firevidt^^ oi 

MJU. It ^flM^% grfM ipa^ to know hovr 

i6>^-^em.'- Xte^r^^ the W/^^ 

If^Bf^syi^ini^^ if ^i^}(Spii^ th^ paim of toftimit^* 
$U^k m^it^^fAgmv^ ktA ii,% dt the kbour oFlb. 
qft(SC^WMf»|^te^ SMl^ to eniei? clue ^ietva»d'fi| iil > their 
l^'^p&MBj 4i«ityiSgft^&^^iir/fl^^ •f time v^/ikdi^i 
'i^i^^iSkim^ to' P^r&<fti6a 

^ tordfy^qt^ the l^tds.' > I:1i^e often doi^s^d xwhh 
it^^el^^vrlieth^r 0r n6 d«$t!«^ Were ^ny neceffitf of U<^ 
i^t(^^dl^4tiMMW;> HFJrib;%ca^ t^fe badi noif 
y#i%lie«^ifoujtill;ckf :A^/«^i ihp^LoH^iuk^' \jiat licde 
ififioetftigoitivl^ld fot^iil] ' ;f^94 -\i!$tl^^ ^hin^y which 

tiiuib4l^i¥^ ^ikii&i^ ^^^^d^i^udy tinderft^ditffis^ 
j|0t%i&ftl''^^^t bf c^dei* afid4ti^hckl'tai3 ever ref^ify ) 
tl4iQi'^>l9(y^^:^ ^^ Utl^^(b»gSDg^ ihdu^ hut in a 
iK^ifi^^^J^ Ihiy^h^d g^^ and note 

Mllj^fyiVk idcredi^ 

«2^i«^^IjHg>yi§ tid^ i Mediim^y^l Care 

to fee that matters lie not too Chaos-UI^^ will with ve-' 
i-y final! damage lave tis this great labour of being 
bver-jiiferflifioujlj Methodical. And what though peraUl^ 
venture (bmcthing be loit^ BxilH dornm eft^ &c. It is 
t figh of great Poverty of Scholar/hip, where every 
ihing that i i loftj is miffed j Whereas rich and «^^// 4Cc(?m^ 
//{/fc^rf Learning is able to lofe many things with little or 
tHo inconvenience. Howfocver it be, you that are now 
about the noon of yoUr day, and therefore have no 
kifiire to try and examine Methods ^^ mA ^xt Xf>hmg 

Am up 


up. ^yoiii^ Gentleman , who in all likelihpod .Will not W 
over-willing to take too much Pains ^ .may; a$ I d]]nk» 
with moft eaie and profit^ follow this ordEer* \ 

layaurreadmg exQerpCj axidnotcmiyburBodbllid^ 
thit^casyou like : going oii 8^ntiituaUy .mitlmf.mtjf :n^ 
JfeH. fm$9 arJer '^ and for the ^voiJitig ^X^^fiifimi ic.ihatl 
be very pn)&^le to aUor Xcnne time to idie.jrf^fdSn^ a^ 
gain o£ Jmir.own Nates i which do ^^ts^xik^mifsck 
as yoii ean. For l^ this mcwfi yovtrj Notes AsU'bjs 
better fixt in your .]VfcQic>ry» and $HW:MfiAary will 
caiiiy .fiipply you of things, of the like Qfttm^ if ,h^ 
chance y/ou We diffjsrfeJily mfe4 ^hpn'^ diat £> y^u ma]!^ 
b-ing them together hy^ar^nd rf^emetSl^hcmi^Joai 
Kotesin itir^emuft needs toejBiilk^olhat k tojkf 
beitbo great a task, and too^eat \d&^ ti^ta review 
tbenv dotbu^ Caufe a largelMbrto be framM aoa»w 
J&tigxo'Jilf^tical order^atKl ligpfter in it vouti Hmds^ as 
they AaQ ofiFer chen^kes in tt^ comie of your ita^^ 
n^ jfi^^t/ qnder his fr^Leiur,. F<ir tbus tbot^ your 
Noteslie ccxifufed in your Papers, y^aic 4^ey ^igs&sA 
in your Jn^jr^ and to draw them together'; when ycHi 
are to make u& of diem,- wiHi be nothing ijs^msi^, Paibi 
:M^it would be, to have ^ranged them utvd^ ^^fi^i^d 
Bead^^ their firft gatfaerii^g^. A little Bxfiriekce ^ 
this cQur^ will (hew you the prcfitof i^ ei^iiKsMljr if 
you didopiQpare it widi ibme others that ai^ ia tdi^. t 



h Ml SV E L L ANIB S. gff 

: * . - 

to an H^outabU TerfeiiyXoti-* 
ceming ihe WBJ!^U-^4W$* 

'^ ' '. • •:.•-. 11' f'Dir 

AMvetyfonytH^ fir 

^^diiis of Mbihmatt* m 'k /to^ ^y.d(j^^ nUd 

tisfe jroiir dcfit^ istft Jb^ coiifltMicd ttXr^S «rf 
W9 a K^bBo great' Oi^^i^j afidby^re$i&a^i^ m;( 
Pril)uqc,^'y^ mjriokilabilttks^ 

hot \AAt to Tciskt Experimtntd^ aifd tiy GoodbfiontJ 

. Tftii' ffi'at^'I thayhft (c^ii W ttegteftyouclio^c, add 
CofetBJS^'of which/^' upcJn id! dccSSoqs^ yAu hate noir 
&ifd ^ '^iii€^ liber^ E^i^f«lS6n, I wiU rather Kazsud 

^ . I » ■ 

iny judgjnent with yoiii then '^fy good Ma^nijp^j .a«4 
iiy '^^faf I'tanr'.ddivei^ 

fento you conccrtung \the latsa 
Pibfjtj^T y oil fnade' unto nlk^^ ifi-the mattsc ^sli^!^, ,niuk 
devijid curi^ if PPouHcbj % • a^pt^rng'^ Sahe ^ itbi^iPi9f9^ 

' Wfafereftrft I miift ftqlitft-yoii to donfideni ^t rfiji 
Att^p[1t^ i&'tyeightier iii refiHiog tlie Q>nce% tbeotr^^ 
^i;:vk6 hive firft Brd^^td if For firft^ji Jjuut^ 

cil^ 'Tbf al«6rayj flie f^Mf^^fOrfbe^ .upon l;^Q^.i<^n»?r»? 
andlle'tE^'^jafem^-toaeqy^ a M^^^V>niu^ 

make a^xmitit^to prove it hihe^ dtid noEt look !tha£j[ (houki 
undd^£e'^^'i(^>/4//(»i tjf lif.' * * ■ : ; v , . ' / 

Ag^8j,\'htf rfiat undatakes to infofan tlje W(^ wi^ 
a difdik^ hf Secretin ixA yetA Taradoxes^ &ai^r.neyfff 
Wan^^ftVSu AMe Heiat^l ' For the niind <£ rJMt^nfmue^ 
cJ^KgHtiaiglh tifotie^ accepts eafity and /wltjij delight, 
whaj ffiaff-Be opened in that kind ; and tvery ftcw of 
IfVo&i^A&V fti^ be^takeri as /^yW ^^ro/;, Whereas thcJ 
)^//f muil b^ (ure to kx4 ^<^ the ftrength .of hi» . Rea* 

Aa * font, 

35^ jfi(r£c.ELi.XjfMt^ift 

ions, and be &ey never lb wdg|bi^, yet any prbbabk 

cot uCKS|# V '•^'v-. ♦-f>r-* f 

But tb 1si^^ifacehg;'rhk fif ft Mi^ i^i^MH^%iTO 
you to reform, is your Opinkxn you have amoavci 
concerning the Jtuifnty rf H^eaf(m-Salv$\lidt\tm43tiBks 

whidt^^mifiiiiiDei^ ^e»iba^:i#)Ci(Tbe€a; kpcfw^;* *4jQ {^ 

ihife idefHf years^ a iiwy.:6irfM^ put ^popi the W^ 
ioncemmg a G«uU 0/ JMr»f :5M1i^o ftik idbe^iely;?^ Xffe ft*^ 
i*j^<ii «r uV '^e CwjiJr a rJ!?Wteri^ity, wh^,; ^S^^ 
i^kft-C'-iflhcty ace,; no Man. Wft ^flObi np«/.^t?7 TW -.^ 
Ueve/addiiit, rgdud demote i^a^ly«a uo^ th^^cqula 
ever difcover. Otrdnm (a ^ndeman well acgg^ted 
wkh ytj^Jar^^xaX:St.^9lmsT^/m^^ C^mpba^ for the 
Hiafbn^Sdhi) k a. TmShi^Ji^ lately ^rittffc^ Pp »m. 
in^^tf (^ K^tmfkBionej wi^uldrfi^r^de us, that do^ihdeft 
litty af^^ BtfMB/^9 wtu^h ipl^ he (e^eth jo^ jimp 
Ae l(g^^ rnk jMnw ;: Wm p^y ^t be ;fi^ Fm/J^ 
P4r4i^^^ "fet oertatoly'tfaa^t^e isaoy ^^^t^^^B^^^^ 
at ail, no wi£ Man "^'{j^^^ beUeve. Tl>£^ JVCen^ 
wholbever they are, or their.f)efenders, h^ve .takpi i^ 

and P4ii«^ j£w smd Rowrltotiy -epcleavour to. pqi^the 
World widb k. Wherein I myft^give tiaem . d^ £iin*^ 
mendatiod; riiat diey bave^iven \& ab^nd;uice' of D9f; ^ 
lightfkl kxfeufmnts^ and tjm k ithe dwg that ^uns &ma 
Ac Reputation they hav^Si 6iw. two tfaai^ t|^ haw 


Sff% dikrpr tsbdoan^dot Qa^#ake m believe^ tfaat die 
mttim^^BAm^ ff. PhihJiffy^^^mhiA ^ftherto greai: 
ffihrlo ht>re/ amoblgej^ 4»^ u'betejfSedy aiKl isw^f from 
diem.iiBin hnkei^ k t^eir ixxiBs.^ Aqd ^condl/, that 

Hoi imtgl^i^ whicbtti^iwU^S ^ colbflmg of £^ 
iH4i>^i& imckJEfr4/if'0u^ and ad^Oig im? 

to them/mnr jT speech bprflcmed firom the B^ Shift- 
Mm^' aiidiof dttfe; hainre &a0M us^ that SUU^rfLim^e^ 
wUchiyoutraftl not ooljS in* tiie Auffyfr you write of, but 
A P4mifli^ hjmfilf, s^ ptbeis who Mow Hiia 6ut 
ail tUk attempt, uwa fmsxsm^^ pi^vcd fmjtlc&- 

FcHT nrithet hove tte^jEilMAr^ r^ P^^m '^jgff 4 

wcte woqt to: name thco^ but neither in. J?4/^^4/ nor 
Mtei|pi^4tf Leasningi wUs^ is more (ubje£i: to cpjarrel) 
of vUch tko World hacb hiilierto been periwaded^ nor 
aikdai0mm to incceale dfie number of d)enx:'6>ity 
tirjr haw fmd^thtfamt tlm^ yi 0^^^ mtrds^ and, W^ph 
itiftr^nge^ all their n^A^ B^ifpprinifniiSf which are the chiei^ 
eft ftrength of thdr Cauie, are plainly and evidently db* 
mif^aik out of the ahckm Aphnifini. The. AiJtbor 
#hom; you comnteod unt^tne, what a Noiie makes hfi 
widh his' PbkiHle and EffinHd «ftl^» iafam of Nature^ Fi^ 
9ig9^i^i^>,. and other trim fbnfisoi the i^e Cut? 
N<rw what' is it^ tUidcj/iQU, tba( is containod under 
iSoSa: iifioifi Lm^^agti?- .Cei:t{iiflly no more, but only 
that MiQ' if Hlkifiure tad HMHn 1^, whkh foljbw upon 
lilt 'XkHfMsmre o£ every mi^ Boi^^ and wherein aU 
^f^k^^tm^ aH MigiiM$$m and 4mm^m doth reGde,wfaidi 
in our onbikarjft' §cfaodft we. OaU Hun^4i^ fffmogem'tm 
CiUbxi mftSfMi»» AiniMniz)^ other of their new an4 
quatob Phn^s, and yon evidently deprehend the ^e 
jS^hiftiy; Sotfaatifyoude&^adef^onof this^Mr 
ffMkiif^ you canaoc betcer «tf»n»fi it^ than by calling it, 

A» ? Sir, 

jyS MISC ELL^iUltsy^ 

Sir, frMi . dLele Men^ aondngft tomy odvsr plteafiuAt: 
phantafies, liath iprutigt'tbe Conceit ^»ificerhSng your 
wonderful ff^tafothSaivei \Aii(hi that I may (Uw you 
.upon what £rm Fpuf^jdonjit ik^ds, lays' daim to 
three great lPrC)pfs, W'inde^ peribrms none i of dsem: 
I fee 1^4/iH promised, F^Fifis (f Scr^mtt a&d^ acid Bxh 
ferience preteifided ; B»f It ^naot yet diico^er any thing 
(demonftratirely prdfvcd, by any or the thrcei 

Foftli^ ^4^<ms are hethingeUe but oertain« Geiim«&. 
ties^ which prove no more Dtitthw, that if any fiich 
thing as Quring by JVedforhSalve becxiftent, fach or/liidl 
C^mcentricks or Epi0cles 4^'Sympathies and Ant^atBiis^ of 
Eradiations or Ennanatims oi' Stints^ thought 
to be the Caufers of" it: Whefe^ true and ]ivdf-Demoth 
pration doth tipt only fuppofe th6 thing to be, which it 
endeavour? to prove J but iheWs that fuciffmly it nufite 
fiy ,^d poifibly it canmt be •th&r»ife, f <5r &tt kind of 
proc^ 4rifo out of ftch Principles, as which being ap> 
prehen^ed by ihe '' undcrfl^nding, l.eave no room"' for 
contradiction, by reaibn of the Light they bring with 
them. ' .. 

Scrimire is promifed, bift with worfe (u€ce£, for what 
proves it in the bdmlf of HiafanSalvcj to plead,, that the 
$firit of Qod moves shall things ? that Sanatr^ Eacstby is of 
God ? that Gods Fower and Sfiric is mt to be eosi^medf but 
win poSi ternuno in ^mwrn/iii, iaocordbgas is th^ Will 
of him that feids it forth ? For' ftjll it rdmaineth. to be 

Jjroved that this AS-doifigSfirit of (Joihath 1^ any fiich 
brce 3p things, as is pretendejj. The Di^urfe Whidi 
by theie kinds of Men are tnade out of SHriffur^y many 
times are i)ot far dwellinjg&oid'dknger^l^tlmaynxttfii/ 
fr6m 'ile^hemy'.' For wha^ ineanh yoMr DoHot)ffi cell 
yon in one part rf his Book ^gainffi Mr, 1?^,! thai: the 
yirtue of Ehfha hi Brfttii^by ijrhich h^'raifei tbt^ad 
fo Lify J the ViSice' of if^-Sotdj.undtr the Aftar^p Ae J^- 
yiMi^i is tl^ ^S^ of ^'Volatik Balfam qF N^iitr, 

MrSC BLLjiNIES. g^^ 

of which he lb mtdx treateth? For io he mail mean^ 
or i^ his Speech concerning diem is impertinent. He 
muft aUtfle temper hs Language that way, or elle as 
he thresEte^d Mr. Folkr with the Star<:hamber^ fo per- 
diance hirhi^ may hear fit>m the H^h-Commiffion^ who 
ffaaU do well to take to task and cieafiire Speech^ of (udi 
danger. • I underiftand you are well acquainted with 
die Gefldmian. . I would you woukl advife him to be- 
ware o( fbdti uwautelom Sfeeches^ in which, whilfl he 
ftems t6 fraifi the JVark^tf God^ in mture^ he dodi as 
much dKkd\^nrage his Sufematutal and Miracuhus A^s. 

So then, J^f^/S^ and Scripture being removed, the on- 
ly^ Defender of TVeapm Salve muft be Experience. A 
proof, I confefi, of great weight, were there certainty 
of it For if our Senfis do deceive usy which are the firfl: 
Admitters df all Ground of Science zni Skill, wh^t Cer** 
tainty can we have of any thing ? Befidts, that mine 
Arijhtk hadi told me, I confefi^ and I believe him, that 
k is a true dpi of weaknefi of Underflanding, to falhut 
euT E^aftn^ againft our Setfis. H^i:e Mtgnam mibi inm 
wdiam fintio ejfe fibeundam. For firft 1 fee the Author 
ritiet cf great aind noble Ferfinagei ufed to gain Credit to 
&is Qniceit: for they are alJedged not only for the 
Btf/wf, but for the PrirflfiJ? of it. Secondly, the frequent 
Experience made of it, muft needs decry all thofe that 
Hand up againft it. To the firft (&ving all' good re- 
fpe£b tx) all perfons in their places^I muft crave par- 
don, if I think that Civil Greatmfs ought to have no 
room in my Topicks. For in cafe of tryal hy :^afon^ I 
have done Greatneji all the Honour it can demand of me, 
if I recede from it^wkh that Revqrence that I owe. My 
H^afipu muft be tried by Peers of the fime Rank, like to 
true Jury-men of the feme Country ; elfe at the Bar of 
1^4/^, I fhall except agfunft Civil Greatnefs asa Stranger^ 
or demand iome JiS of Parliament by which I may find 
f( to b^Jm dpfftedf 

A»4 P« 

3(5o MISC^hJaAVUBSi, 

, Bqt of tins tticH^k To^ ibe l^xpniencijt fej^- I-ti^ 
fwer. That ftill I dodbt, :yrHQther theri^' €»f;r;w^e;M]|^ 
iuch Trial as might cercainly plead for k P^ % is tojC 
onlytRlc that Hijp/^^f ^4! teUa u%^ i,-^. ^a^: ft^fffi^^ 
Bxferience is dangerous \ but^-it is-;^ true^ th^tiga^pmMi?^^ 
IS manj times very fali^eiom, Fof it k h^fd Q> w\Mii\ 
iriatotsasy Conclii^on (i^% Icaft c^rmanf) byirea^;<^ 
divers Cencurrences^ of iMtfTiji f^^tiaj^^ wbi^ WS^ i^^^ 
in tpoift Experiments^ amOdgft ivi&it:^ C«ifc»9t^/, it 19 ^ 
hard matter to diicover what it^ Ofor^theifjj^ii ^ 
And ofcentimi^ that falif, out in Natute^. whifil)- j>efi^ tiB^ 

JPoet* . ' ' \ * ; < • • ' 

ii£o ^0 verjicules feeij ttilit ^^ter kfwi^^* - . . 

Thc^^fi^ /i wrought hone phistgi apd 4i^l^^^$4rt«M #£lt 
Glaty ofj$t. A better loflancebf tbiscai|npt;'t^ found^ 
ihan this very cafe which is now in handlings A Ma^ 
ir mounded ; the fVe^^ takeo^ a^ a fPinrnd-urork^ Sdhdi 
laid to it. : In the m<can while, the; .founded Pcrioa 
J6 commanded to t^fe abjiinhnce as tnuch as xhay be^ an4 
to /t«^ //;r fVotmd clean ^ whilft he thps doth? he he^ 
and the Pf^eapon-Salve bcais the BcU away; whereas it is 
paoft cgtam, that Pfitmds not nurtal (for I Ippe their 
Salve cures not mortal fVomds) will rf thom/elvisf gfOljOT ' 
wholes if the Party wounded aifiainos much as pofl^K 
ble he can, and renmefronk the H^und fuch thirds as mof 
offend For nothing hinders Wounds fmm cicitnifmg^ 
more than concourfi of Hwnqr to the difeaftd Paff j anq 
keeping things irrttatoiy abcxat the OriT&tf of the Wound J 
The i^'of thcfeis performed by Aifiinenee^ which \i 
natural^ a Orier: the .0^/>^ by k§^i% the ff^Mp^ ci^4» ; 
He that csn do theie t^o things, /halLnoed ap other C^^ 
irjiy«7 ICO cuire an ordinary W<}und.' 

lie .Ibil nSw^im^'ms ^"^ F»f''ritt^alif a^:Mtt 
/ulrfithehfb Iny&-<1'^^ ufid- ihy BiMH iiitf p^.^ 

JUPfiv r^i^ a-fiUfii' than t» vHmhi^i^ a^MIA 

.V Add fiftt^ llMAl%Birdgi7>kiiiMiiV''^^^^^^ 
W iMtMirthBriMtfel^ Jb^ AOlkfiftliifBilciMSy df k» 

^^'fiiOj. Uk(r:»«oi>^ €<M^,-'i6-'ifilie1i!iipwId% <£ 

hi.'&o «av»tb»!adittii to fttaf kftowtedg^^o^dt Goti- 

MtttV'oftwi&j^ Wtbafttdf^kiidMM^^ (for I'fpeiak 

fi0( e£'d«r^ tariteq tt^ B^arkalfr, «6d updnr titift; sire 

ccMkoMy tte ^;^ tb the other; b^ 

ianAj^ii^fiM, anddttbieie i»f6diK»^ iu»jr)r CWh^fW ; 

ami nudtleg: oiae an ^jGcafidni cS' aiiotkt, as Maa ir ii 

ifaaSvarfe^AwiNjr Gi^trtt^e; Nd^. I wodd wSlingf^ 

-linatr fn»ia««6sM& «/M«ff nw the knbwtedg oftbs 

f^»fiii»^iveimiii fiirft deriv^ed? Froitt Bxpmede ircdalti 

«ot be i for ftejoU not ^«tet a mttimk of Varticutars 

'jftuA ooatxr, ere any fiiclr Sx^mehce could be made ? 

Fkft, the SMe ttibSk hfi jtaii: a i^ifef of ftrange In- 

lirats .: ' aind who Would make fiicti a S/dve^ except he 

khew it Woidd »vlitM Cure > and j?«r^ 4 kpomhdg 

* »« I « /"< i» ' .■ . rt .< 



hfiire tUmJ^ tf the Sdhe. camibc pbfibty be iiug^ 
ed : For into ivliofe Head could it poBblj fink^ duic 
fydki a Care oould be tbus wrou^i^ except he had £ir* 
gnqrly coUeded it. by j^^/bi or Bxferimee? The firft^ k 
f is iii^i^to he (hould have } die fiooad, it is grmted he 
had not.* fi> that the S^far muft at firft be mdein Uke* 
lihcxxl (or Ibmt aher ufi^ and bong made fer ibme o* 
ther Old; by what chance muft it come, that it b 
fixindto cureafter this ftrai^ manner? no Nbn m ha 
right Witscopld think of applying it to the H^iffmi 
Staoc Gafiaky muft f ^ out to di&over dais force: as it 
ikred with Earcboldm Smart^pm^ ' Who ^firft * invented em^ 
,fomdtr^ who hs^ving made; a MiMHtm-^f Niin and-Sb^ 
^w^ by chance it conGdved Fk^^ and went off w}di"in^ 
.csf^dibie Cdericyi and Nouie j and from that disnoe 
.canie he^ and odiers ^fyet hiiD» to make that ufe •of h 
that now we lee : Even ibmeiuch Chancemuft here bc^ 
.Firft, the S^/vjr made fcMr feme other end, taoBtfiM an 
the JVeafcn^ and d^t upon thtflace $fben the Blood wao^ 
and there nfi^ apd then fome Man $mfi olfirvo it^ and 
.find tha; it Wfoigih the Cure. Now who would ever a^ 
.ply h^ai£!f tx> expe^ iuch a|i cvientf So then,. Bxferp- 
ence fx>uld never open this Myftery, and therefeie Jl^4i- 
pn mpch lefi. 

It lonains thq^efore, if a^y fiidi tUng be, the firft 

loiowledLz of it muft coine l^akindof Bp)fMeH^ and 

that mult be eidier from fhwe or^romhmoib : And I 

;per(wade my ielf, that diis appareiM: ii&pjtj of the 

,^ft D(/£oT«o' of i^, was the cat& of 

Ibme Sorcery or Witchcnft^ i|(rhi(:h of lafe hath ftuck up- 

.onit. Certainly if any (iu^ tUi^ be, k will be ^ 

\ exclude (ome, either Supem4^4 Pt Vnmuural way, by 

which the frfi d^amery of it muft pome in ; I wodd be 

loath to wrong any Man, by fQwling \mx with aqy vile 

^(pcrtion ; and I am yet far enopgh froin it, becauie I 

[)f feve fipt the fhing ? y;t tf apy fupl^ thing be, J Qfo^M 


tkkkkAtjiOrl^inalKBO^^ of k proceeded fiomjEnxii^i 
&chB-fac]pie 1 fys^e of, yet will I not charge aiyy, th9t{ 
oitlwfldbelieye oi; : pfa^Hfe it, iwth ftai0 of ^ro^^i^^v 
Foil hm&ei^tr^ he who J&/? few*' **» might receive if; 
fim^fimeiSfrnt^ (for 5/irj^, by reafcm <^the JM^/yifey qf. 
f^ir Aiir«r, and kmg, Expq^Q^ know qeru^mly i9i9}y\ 
Mxfiemt in aature than we do) ^ . tj^refpf^e mi^^ 
juftiy undergo ahaid Cqilure: yet tho(e tp whom ^-/ 
tj^tw^fds die koowlodg of thie Myftery de(cend(id, n^ight 
be Jire^. J&pip gll JPlapa^. .Upon occafioi^ o£ ^ gr<at: 
Ph^jfffi in Grrw/j i«cfls^je/ wa?J^d to ApMos Oraple fiy r 
]^cn[iedy : i where thpj waeived tWs Aniwer, That jhey ; 
flioij^.j^fe ,4foU^j JUtarz Now ^^/oV ^f4r was %., 
Cmhe^, ^tKi beni^e it.caine tq |ki{% that jIo .oaaqy iamotiii' 
^da^niatipigi);, bpd]i amoQgft JS^i&mci^f and Qhr^Uns^ 
bpijb. 4n£lieQtly, and ^v^^at dus day, dp labour to find 
put t;he; Oepiioni^ratk^n pC dotAlifif the C$4^^ a thi^g yet 
peyi^ uWiis.done. In thi^ a&ion thqr which .Qfft poch 
luItedwithwf/^/A? were to blame, (for ^jpoj/f wa^tb^* 
J[)nri/) Jbut they w)iiph by infliiftry would have found tt,- 
if they ^podf)^ ^were ^pt guijty of the firft Confubeis ' 
Fai^. . S<> migb^. it bere well be, that he that: firft diP 
covered the ff^^fcfhSahfe^ i^lght know it by the Miniftry 
pf {puie jS]firi>; yet they who afterward pna6tilc4 it, 
PUgbt be gMiltJ^/ . ■ 

But leavcL ^e du% apd ^oi^fider ycf Tome, pthey rea^ 
ion, jLjsave often n»i(hrpi&d, why ^ Salve, is qflled. 
ihtlVfi^ifof^Sahe} For la^, Gaonot d^is Ciirr b^ d<^^ 
bttt i?ttfy iy means of the W^f^i^ If ipay ^ni, A^ y^F. 
^oSpry^l^^ It may: for he t^ u§y 1% is.^pnc by 
i^ ^Iped iff^ tfte }Vi4^oHj and by rea^KUof a.^e«^ ff 
X'^Iudcj^giQ Jt^ which by die Sd^ is tp^akgud: If thi^ 
b^ 16, then when^loever the Bleed falfs^ there apply 
your.^4/wi %pdr you (hall worktjbp ^m^ Cure ;^any.jt^- 
p«i, f>tpo^.9T^:FIoef[9 pr. fKiff|, or what(6eycr> elle^ rr^ 

^4 UPgeBLLAtfrBt^ 

Go»e;^^g of which I neyor fut he»d : tMaeeiiti 
I tkiak die Praaiie of k fl^ecdicdl btytkA iiiif$tJ^^ 
djlewe iBsdi giv6 the S'^/v^fenu^ atbhuaoe 

flialldUorit phces eo beaf^liied^ifflto? Wfacacek i^^ 
bfW^ d»t either it is mt dom hy the fViifcmi or dme 
lfjf'0 ibm^ani thaigx as well as it ; or that there » fiime^ 
jha9g^\^%diiy in the fVesfon to WOrk liie ClM }" whicfa^ 
Quality jtttetaanAvo be dKioveredl 

i:imt I Ida y du mt wit^t kfigdi of IXfe^^ 
urge but one iieafen more^ and wm flbll be itBPfm ftbtti^ 
the vcfjr Cai^ it'feffi unto- whfeh your D^Bw ttm^ 
bum this Curit^ ¥aimfy. (fe Mt fuf^pofidi^ feitie BKf^ 
dbfii09i ^kndf Bmrntfion d£ Sfrrit^ oV /?ere^ ^alkj^^ on^ 
Whaidoever, to be dire6^ fi^oknour BGniies fa^dte 'AlU# 
ilt^opped ftcmi it. Seodndl^; that iktie WMtka S^^ 
there remaim a Sfirit rf L^^ ctkigenjods fo thai! m di0 
Body ; whkh ftirred upWihc Saheycmr^ vip&Bi 
this SAfi9i 4 heaUfig \^m^ tfom iSak Bked tt> the A^i 
TUrdly, hegrahOy that not only m Afi Bbej,\xitin 
the. I^^m^, ^er it is gone fSrom US| remains the fike 
^VW) which by ^ ISce ifeuMi from a Party fick of the 
Jm&uUes^ conveys a Cure- to turn : for (q he telb of 
k great Petfin^ who ufinlljr Works &tii Mimical 
Curt^ of that Di^afey ty^ af A^^ aiade of the Afhes 
of a kind of H^ood ainongft us, fit is ^ isfian/fi 
For d)at ^^%0^ 1^ our new DoArihe, Ar J^^imAk^ 
miMf, by reaion of the deep; ISiAW hf whch it is 
dyed) is thought to haVe in it tofmsA^xxg fio^eign ^ 
ffrnifi the ^aufuUes) mix*d with the d^eifid Parties %U 
rine. Nay ziK>re;i our Hairi our Naib^ and S^fh ^* 
ed firpm' us, have the fime Sfmi of life j and noai 
. oiir Bddks to* diem whil% they tkt £h&liiagi pro* 
deeds th& like.nMEci: and by iiich devioe be dbinks^ 
fiatved Metfihr way be recovered^ ^ you fltuiy fee ii| 
his Books. Now I fiippcfe if it be dius with iho 

t>n»f. With %c ;8^r, Ittd W4*i^5wd*^*i whrA^ 

^ ihouU 

.fliould l/OOt ooacehre it to-be ib with our SlwMf, witii 
ijmJ^arji^^ every Excnnnent tbut rfalls &om u^ 

ai oiur ^/^» a^ the Jb*ke^'For what rea^ 

0nJ 9W T^w^' ^?r ig^c '»> Qoojne ; thel^. things to 
}9ixie..jc^ and pot ,^nl^ge theiq 

Wtoa^^^ 9^/^ B^ie% 

& lam with them no bth^rwiie, s» it a{>pears'by th^ 
ftufg/$if»G^^ Nifi^ qut <mt pi, Ids Scfv^s 

Amif::(^ i^^ ^ilwMm thdi fVird af9^ b4ve made the 
i^toff \fmbjlf^^ and of others the l&e reported and 
b9^cd|tijr"jb^ '■ .".."'._ .. ,' • .. : ;;' 

yjie^ TOWfy: of which <5oncwt th^t ;you may diKi(H 
yei^.jaf^ja^ obfiiye ^^is .with^ mk 

JUx>]k what way we may be fk^^wi aiod coi/mmaicii^ 

H^W^ y^^y ^^WiMhmni and m(%l. . JU 
mams ihea (hat fi^Jrfin us. to jthefe, things, . whiefi 
cpoQe-jfr^ ofir J«^>/^!jj3,^ they inay . ]bc the C«ifi^«r/ y 
,<?pflito Wrip may: ^ejr'jbe tl^ m^tr^ a^ }>^cbirf i 
fcr: jf jtiif y ;encouiv;er, wj^ |tuW ^o^^^^^^ 
% iw^ tbefflt tpey fe^fiye^andcfer^^i^^ if thqr 
meet with their Enemies, with anfifathi}(ifig Muerials^ 
may ^they not J^^s and 4»»0J^^pb^.Certaih* 
ly }to Jbink otherwife ,.^is , meerly ypliiniary. arid unr 
leaionsible, SJee now» X*pray you, ^tp \vli;^t infinite 
i^Mrd this DotSrine cajib - us j there 1^ ho^ a prof, if 
BMf '0£ Sweaty .of Sfittlfj and Fl^ ^;.jfipt any part 
Q^wr FIffhf our Nail^^; pur £Ur, ctyr '.(/(Tot, but bath 
in it a Sjpirie of Ufe^ bomgemom tp duit ^i our Bo* 
dies ; and Beams 1^ Mmanaie p^petu^lly firom our 
Bodi^ to them ; but, as . they may leo^^t iir,' being 
wdi .fwmfred ; io, if they meet: wich : ill Camfof^^ 
tbor .ip^y d^k^ us I Axtntngio much the tooitc 
to be.£»irod, by how much the things that amsq^ 
ill are in number^ moare ^ then the things that 
fl^fifi us. Now what mean we then to be thus 
Qfl^gent ^f om Otpfpitgs^ as to let them M at 

\^6 MrfCBLLANlBS: 

TaxAoiam^'}id':'Mariht'm^ the ^i*4'ad<i 

G^' know^ : iwherie , fince" ther^ fe fiH*^ 'd^^Mi* 
Spends rfi^om. them? W^-'dus'Doarinc «^4'i if 
w«ie; 9pt. ppffibl^ ^t eflhtt Jilw or ar-j/f (fop tt'^ 
^s me 6i ieaffs.iool ^' appeals b}r his (fi^nivfii »i 

fifcty:.-; •■■;■■•:• ■•-■ ••*•' ■• •;■-'■ -• . -..'^.^v. ■■. 

' a^, Were' f at leifijrc; and' ^ froni oafei*-ti&^ii 
fionsj, which at ttiis iliiiife'of ^e yi»r- efceaa^ atftinil 
ihe by fea^n'oif flly Wace : as Ix^t a J^i^^wfif aif' I 
api, I think I might challenge .any . f^6na!6l4 '-"l^^^ 
it the^fa-aV'^^noi iiMt <kdt-vita of iuri^ ow^ tin- 
(lehakings. '. The- which I'Ws^ hai^e'doiiurieiiteS'is'iW:- 

hiim^f V idiffd, 'tie ' an' hindraiiceio ihej aiid'^thily, 
to e6nMs;M*'>r\iih, I ■foti^illt' not' iniicb v> IBrthej' 

add this bhe' thing eorK:Ci^^oiii^''i)kjbai:trs of pPiipm^ 
&f/w. . ■ ' '" ■ ''' - 

1 haVc f ead, .that a Leartied 55?/*^ utfdertbok t6 pei'i 
iwade Aiberfksy one of the ZM.^^ ^/ ^'rfAftTff/j'l^.^^^ 
certam Hebrew inters and JVordi' iikeff out .'of thd 
JP^/w/, and \irrittdi in Parbhhiefiiy ftrange C/^-tfi tol^'t 
be dotoe upon ^ny Wound ; As he one day ^ wmked 
with the JQ«4^ aiid laboured him much to gftrcxreditf 
to 'what he. diCiouried, In that Argument .*' Atf' JD«fe? 
fuddenly dreUf^ hi$ Sthrdy an(f Woimding him' tfruch iri 
rf/x;^r/ y4w^ tells him, he \^duM now fee the Coh-» 
clufion tridd updn himfelf. ' Bdfc the fobr y«ir- toXiM 
find no help in hh Semhaikfi^riUj nor \iisHtbrif» tta^ 
raBers^ but was corlftfained to betake hirtriHr^fo %iord 
real cUrmgery. Sir, I wifli'no Man any harmj';arid 
therefore I defire not the ' like Fortune might- bc&tt 
them who ^and" for the.ufe of tVe^^ottsSvtl'oSliy 


tims mudi I will lay, that if tbejr fhould meet with 
HxM JDiJ^ ^ Saxenjt^ he wodd go war to cure Om' 
tf^Aeir BmrsrAmwkefcrihef vmM fliift to currib» 
Wmmds. llnjs Have I nedy imparced my Jw%« 
netit to you^in dus-^oioty wUdt luTing dotiey I 
leave k t:it yom ^nMSniiii^ ttd reft af 

■ . •* 

f " • 







▼ember, id^o. 


■« • •' > ' • ' * T ' /t- 

■^ .•■■ -9 •" ' \ ' • "•'<■*' i/» 

<» •■ • 

1 ^ .*. % t 

«' • •'■ •♦ (^ 




Mr. fiilXJSt 


30. :i?.\v.\ .^ Anozii/- 

' cs' 


SYNODof D<a&t 

Sit 3UDLEr C A(IiLT OHi 

__ li 1 » m 

J^i^S^ Honour abky my very good Lord, 

AY It pleafeyour Hotiouf ; Wfe arrived at 
Dorf this laft night betwixt fix and feveri 
[H.Q&k)ie Qockj our paflage was without 
any impediment at all, arid wherelbevef 
we were to take Boat ftill we found ibme ready to put 
ijSj as if they had waited our cx>mlng. Imnloiediately 
upon my arrival I went to my Lord Bifliop, and affoori 
as I had done my Meflage unto him, I forthwith wenft 
to'llll^fSfiSF'Vi^BwSim^^ youFTIo^ 

aour for your gi'eat.courcdie towards Urn, and promiied 

Mn Hafcs'j teiierijroim the Sjmdi>ft)6k Tj&C J^g 

tb aofmint your LorSfhip by me with whwfocf^er paf 
fes in the Synod : had heknoWn df (b ooitvignietit mtam 
of wntiiig to your LcmlAiip^) I %>po1le he i<nr^uM4iive 
written: but when Ifyake with him I knew not fo 
touch iny filf. F<^x Bnftmius ztiA Fotyimi^t t iWb fioc 
yeiefteh) and it will be the aftemroon ere I fliafii fpeak 
Widi riiem, beeaule this Mbrning th6y have a filtii^i 
Wfaatfeever hath .pafled in die Synod B^dA&iy, jdut 
Lordflbip fliall undA-ftand by a padcet from my Lord 
BiQ!K3^ ; ^hatfoever Speech^ or other Paf&gcs are ta 
betopied, I fliall this aftemoto get of Mr. Pre/itknti 
and I w91 not fail td lend ydor Hononr th^ traii^pts 
of theshy whefn Daniel rttvffrts. -What flbaU fcfe ^2pated 
df Of decided in Aie next Sdfions at the Synod, I will 
at fargfel ^iform your. Lordilh!^ by the next; flScflfetiger^ 
memtime I humbly take my kiv^. - 

Bvm Dort thtY^tf Tour Leri0:npS' Chaptaini 

. Novomb. l6l%i md hBtmden tn aliDut^i 

' Jb. Hales* 




Our Honour {hall' here receive inclo/e^f inin^cx of 
all the afts of the Synod Fince the beginning, till 
the \i of this prefent. It is not that which I required,| 
but isifb much as Feftus Hommius fwbofe writing it is/ 
could (pare your Lordfliip. My ^ defire wa? to obtain not 
only the bare conclufions, biit the whole manner of pro- 
ceeding, with all particulars propounded and concluded 
in the Synod : but it feems this was thought nimu 'grande 
fojliilatum. If I can coihelb perfe<a my notes of all 
the former Seflions, as that I fhall be able to exprefs them 
in form .as I did the Seffion dii Saturday laft, and by Gods 

B b heip 

370 iAr.U^^s Uttirs from ihe Ifjmd if DORT 


It had been in ibcCie of the Pormer Seflxxi determi* 
ned that tberp ihould be chden Bx Divines jR>r the Urm- 
flats^ $f the Bible^ Three for the Old Teftamenr, and 
Three for the New, with the Apoeryphai and likewife 
Revifors one out of every Province, to whom the Work 
being dene fhould be brought to bt Reviied w3l Cen- 
iiired. }n this pfdent Seifion they proceed to the choice' 
of them. The manner of Election was b^ Scnantj^i 
The Deputies in every; Province to Scrifto exhibiting one 
The Schitators were two of die Seculars, D.Smm , 
SchotHif^ Secretary of hUddkhunough^ and Prefident this 
Week, ^d Mdrtinm Gregniijiicfk calculated die Voices, 
and pronounced the Ele^on. And firft for die Tran> 
£latk>n of die Okl Teftament were chofen thele dire^ 
3fobn Bogtmumnusj Gt^i. BatuUrina^ and G^fin Btfceiw: 
for the Tranflation of the New, were chofin, 3fac. i^ 
landus^ Hermamms Fauckpiius^ and Pctrus Cmrmlii. From 
thefe they proceed to the nomination of the Reviior& 
Here arofe a doubt concermng the Province of thrccbr. 
For becaufe they are equally divided three Gmtra-Re* 
monftrahts, and three Remonftranis, they could not a- 
gree upon the Nomination of a Revifbr for that Pro- 
vince, which thing br^da demurr in the Synod. The 
Pr4^s recjuired die Judgment of the Synod, what they 
thought fat to be done. Some diought thev might t)e 
altogether paft by. For there Aij^ould be Revi(brs enou^ 
though that Province chofe none. Others thcuight fit 
it fhould be deferred dll thef end of the Synod, and 
then feiiie one of that Provitlce fhould be chpfin dM9- 
numibus Juffiragiis mini S/nodi. A third ibrt determi« 
ned that it fhould be deferred rill that Province Were 
recoiicikd in it (3f, ( which' it was hoped wouU be ac 


ftb the 9ii HonouraJUe Sr. D. Citfiton L. EmtdffM: ^7 i 

tt^ end of the Synod ) ftnd tbeil tlicy flioulei. name lotne^ 
one of their PrQvince to be approved by the reft pf -the 
Tranflators and R^vilbrsj and this lentencc p;|ftfet' 
currant. . So thaj for the prdent there is lio Rcviftrfof 
the Province of Vtrecht: . Another doubt y^jt ^ii? Hkh 
ved, for one of the, Province^ .had napaed tW0. ' fimkus 
fiffiagHs : tjlie queftion was who ihouki ft^nd. , It plea* 
fid the Synod to ptit it to Lots. And Co the Pmefis 
wroujzht dieir naines in two little Tickets of Psper, each 
by it ielf, and routed them up,and d^tvered then! jcq Matti^ 
niiH Gr^mtay tliat whicK he t9ok fiood,that whic^he re» 
fufid, wis prcfently torn. The fyoifin for the Old 
Teftathent were mefe, exGeUbria Ant.Txfiusi ^x Stpi* 
Hoimdiajfo. Pofyan^ I fxNmb-Hol. PiPlancius: ex^fd* 
l/tndid Jod. Larenus: ex Frtfia Sibranduf LtAherna : eX 
Tranfifulama Jac.^gvim\ ex Qrqnihg. DiGomarm: yst 
DretU Omas Boethm. The RcvJlors for the new Te- 
ftament were theie. ExGeiiriaSeb.Dammistnnujf: tx Su;J* 
|jp£ Feftm Hommsiu: ex Nmh-Holl. Gofwinus GeldarfitUi 
ex T^l^mJia Ant, fVdUus : ex FrifiaBermFulienm 2 ex Tt'on* 
pjklm$4 Jo, Llmgius: exGroning. -Vbho Emmm; ex Dren* 
iia Jo. Ciiperus • It was farther eqaflcdj. that if any of 
(he Tninllators (lioukt die^ orbySicknieis become una- 
ble for tbe Service, that then he that was next hioi in 
number of voices in the Scrutiny fhould fiicceed la his 
place : If any of the fieviibrs fliould die, or be fick, 
power was given to the Pn^ji the two A0eflb^s^ and 
the two Scribqs to depute another in his room t and io 
this SefSon concluded ; ^^ in which tho little mai dene^ yei 
WM it long a doing by reafin if the Scrutiny * 
Upon Teu/iky the JJ of this preftnt^ the Deputies met 
m the Morning, where the firft thing thai was propo* 
fed was concei-ntfjg thofe of Drent, For whereas the 
day before they lud named two Revifofs for the Tran* 
Iktion^ they now upon better advice require to be cxcu* 
led in that behalf, becaufe in their Province the £r^/c^ 

Bb a Tongue 


i^%% Mr*^ Hales'j Letters from the Synod of D O R«T 

Tonigue J«^^not well known. Which Petition of thdh 
tiris acOJpred* In the (econd place JtVaj thought good, 
th^t-fince'aU the buJitiefe concerning the Trarmdon Wa& 
defcrmittca ofi,theit fhbiMbe a repetition ftlsfdb in the Sy- 
fioittdf IcU-th&tliid paffcd abdut it : to this potpofc, thit 
}f any thteg^ ^ere either omitted or miPrefatet^ it might 
be re<aifie^Y'forthwHfi fWlowtd a Narration of ffl mat- 
had beto-ddne, ^hei** feinc finall exceptionsr ttbt Worth 
re]afinj^V^e<"e ftobd upon. Iri the third plac^ ^as propd- 
fed the cfeftfft of the Aftemom Sermons znA Cafeehi:(if^^ 
e^eciaflyiff the-Country Viflages; ind the Synod was* 
fcbted'JtoMiv^erk felf concerning Remedies of 'tMsde- 
ft&. 'What had beHi - hcfrdtoforc decreed iri' feme of 
thcjr Synods concerning this matter Wit^ piibliekly fead: 
The* IfHpediments werCj Firft, the negCgi^cJe of the 
Paftort ; • Secondly, Comtoimtiohs, that is, dftdble Bene- 
fices, when Men having two 'Cures cbufd rfotluffidently 
attend both: Thirdly, die 'liifficuhy of recihitoing th^ 
Country-People on th^Sundays either from the Sporti 
or from their Work. The Syntxl ' beginning rd 
confidef of means- to cut off ihefe abufcs, Feftas 
Hommins' ^mongft other things coniplained , that 
through the negligence of the Remontlrantis it cam« 
that * Catechiziiijg -was 16 much decayed ; . which 
words of his, jt is thought, will be an occafion of fome 
choler, though for theprefent theyp-iflfed uncontrolled. 
JMtfny delivered their Opinions how the formentioned 
hindrances of Afternoon Sermons and'Catechi^iing might 
h6. removed. Firft, by imploring the help of the States^ 
General, that it would pleafe them by their Authority to 
prohibit that ordinary Prophanation of the Sabbath by 
working or playing: Secondly, by r(?quiring jthe like 
help of the particular Magiftrates in every Town and 
Villager Thirdly, by taking away thofe Combination^: 
Fonrthly, by providing of fiifficient School-Mafters in 
j^very yillage who ftiould not only teach Grammar, but 
• ^ r * • ^ 1 inftrudi 

to Afo ^igbf Ihnmrakle Sr. D. C^f ItonX. £/w4^4^. j^7 3 

ittfouft Ypudis in the Principles of RcUgipfx : . Fifthl/i 
that the Paftors. (bould not oipit afternoon ScrnjOFi?; by 
feaibn of the negligence. of they Auditors^ ^tj^flioplii 
perfojrni dpeaij, tfiough tfaey jjroyjghtto theCbHr?h^oi)^ 
but dajBir own Fafmily ; tha^ php, Pajtws ajcid; De^^^Hf 
and Seqiofs fhouU deal witlvdi^Q^ friends ^^ ^c^p^in^ 
tawce 4nd briqg tj^em tq-Chucch with A^pfi^ T^rSkjcbljf 
jl^at if aoy Paftor neglected tp .p^ir/orm .,thijf^|p!Ht3$i- he 
fllQijl^ bef^ibje^ to EcddGiajftpl. ,Qi]r^!& iriW^fitJJy, 
that the Deputies of other Nations ftiouldJbp-JT^pefteil 
fo fnake overture of their Qiftomsrin^ tbi$ l)^y^;]l^ly 
that diligent inquiry (bould be xnade througj^^fQit all the 
Ckffesj wbgthcr Cateqhi:f;qg -jEipd ^tft^rijt^.^^^^^ 
were obfeived. It w^ depr^d that in jg\?2ry Pa|*iih 
f|iere fhould be . two Sermon§.f very Sunday, -^ \«hicl^ 
that in the Afternoon wa^ .{0 be'CatecU^tig^^ Xb^ 
the Minifters (hould give good Exaipple: bg -bfiaging 
their own Family to Church.; that tjhe help ^f die Ma- 
g^flrate (hould be implored ; , jthat C9inbinations {houI4 
be taken a>?ray. When allwa^- done*,! then was that 
required whic^ would liav^ b^efl done afore: ihe -De^ 
puties of other Nations wer^de/ired to •deiiyec their Cu 
ftoms in this behalf . Wh^e,.fir(t. my I/>fd Bifliop 
flie^ed that with us in Btigfmi^^ <h^ Magiftrate io^ofed 
a pecuniary Mui(9:,upon ijich .as did abfou themfelves 
frona Divi^ie Duties ; ; which pecuniary Mul(9: general- 
ly prev^iljsd more with our. P^dpfej than any pious ad- 
i^iqaition^ could, Thoie of rf^^^|^4w^ Country, (hew- 
pd th^t ^^. Sunday they ^h^4, two .Serpy>ns, and 
fuch as wprp abient, were fifft ; admonifh? d by the 
Clergy, an4 if this (ufficbfi' rjQtj. they required tlie help 
jpf the Civ|[ Magiftrate, ^Th^f^Q^^^^^^tfMus^ that 
m the Cliches icv their Cicje^.they.h^ St^Y' Sunday 
four Settnon^ 0p. . Thoie of Bre^/u that t^ey had three 
^nnpq%\ of. yrhich one w^s Catechetical -y and to avoid ' 
J^WpW^^^P .pf the Sabbat^, k .was not Ir^M to cele- 
•i Pb 3 ^ braig 

3 74 Wr. Hafej?/ Lc^f^/ from the Sytidd qf DOK*^ 

brate any M^Htiag^-feift, or (uch like upon the Sunday^i 
till fix a'c^k in iiHfc Evening. Many other things of 
this nature were rekted^ otwhich a- great d&d I could 
not unidcrftand. When ail had <pok«i, the Fr^s told 
them that this propofal was not ^de bfxaufe in the Bc^ 
gicli Churches there dad not been order taken for Ca- 
techizing tfnd Semions, but beeauie the Laws (brmerly 
fnade in this bekJF were neglected ; and that now means 
M^as thought of to lH*ing them in tbrce again. And lo 
they brake up. 

I received your Honours Letters or the J| or this 
prelent,' in vhfch your Honour requires to be informed 
of (uch propo&ls as EfiJc9fius\axAy made in behalf of the 
Arminidn Party. The thing is this. Shortly aft^r that 
the Letters of Citation were fent to the Ankmans^ Bpi;^ 
fiofiusj with other of the Remonftrants came privateljr 
to the Deputies of the States, and exhibited a Remotir 
llrance, in ^hith they required elpecially thefc things. 
Firft^ that all of their Party throughout the Provinoei 
might be allowed to make one Body, and out of it depute 
ftdi as they thoujght good, wTiom they might lend to 
the Syiiod ro plead in their behalf. Secondly, that ^t 
might be lawfdl for them inft^dof fome of thofe who 
Are written unto, to ' fcbftitute others. Thirdly, that 
Vtcnbogdtt md Qrevincbovhis might have fife Conduct 
and free'acceii to the Synod. The delegates immedi* 
ately fent for the Pr^s, the two Ajjejfors and the two 
Scribes^ and required their Opinion in this bufineJs. Fpf 
the firft jxMiit, the Clergy-men thought it liot to be grah^ 
ted, as being feared would be prejudicial to the B^*c^ 
Churches. The Deputies for the Seculars' ianfwerec^ 
thattliey had given Bfijafius this Anfwen For the two 
latter, the Oergy thought tiiat if it ^eafed ttie Seculars 
It might be done. ' RAly v?as made by the Seculars, 
tlut they were Men Inmraous, Ttfniultubu^ on wh<om 
the Churdi Cenfure.' for (Sfevimbwius bad cx^eild^dy 

'10 Oe I(.tIdmutiAk Sr. D.Oriten l^Bn^ifffadar. J7f 

and therefore they wodd permit them 119 place m th6 
Synod So was Efifcofiits and his .Company ^ifiniiled. 
** This was a thing Jme mify in frwate: the SyiKxl had 
*^ tio notice of it, neither is it recorded in any publick 
^ Regifter; Wlmt more pafled between the Seciilan 
^ andthe Remonfttants af thb meeting is not known^ 
^ and the Clergy l^iom m more than it fie^$d $he SecuUir* 
19 imtairt. Ofthis I heard nothing, till by rcaion of 
your Lordfti^ Letters I enquired into it 

Whilft the Synod was fitting on Ti<^/SI^ Moming^bere 
came in News of die Death of (xfe of their Qnnpany, 
Hmrieus ab Htt^ Senior pf the Church cST^bm^ who 
died in the time of the Seflion. I am defirous to know 
whether my Letters upon Mmdojf containing die SMtur^ 
d^SdSdtk came to your Lordfliips hands. I intended 
them by way of l^i^m, but ZXm/f/ tells me he AAV 
vered them to a Gentleman that went immediaody for 
the Hagtw^ marrie what he was he knew not^ dib hath 
made me t little jealous. I befeech your Honour, by 
the next dutf comes from you hither, by word of mouth, 
to let me know. Mr. Pr^^es^ Peftus Hommitu^ P^ander^ 
Tirmtdmrn of (kmva required me to remember their 
Lo^e and Service t6 youi^ Honour : and ib for this time 
I humbly take my bive. 

I^vm Dort this ${ of TwrHtmurs Clui^Mm^ 

Noven^. t5i8. and io$mdem in all Dutf 

Jo. Hales. 

J 7^ Mr.Hak«^j i^^Ys fim the S^imd ^ DO R T 

. «... 

•• • • r' • ' t • » 

J^b ff(mour4bk, Ofld my very gpod Lord, 

UPon SaJngriof^ the day afber my coming to Z)i0f/y I 
went to ¥e^ Ihmtmu^ and deiiverod him your 
Honours Letters, upon perufil of whicii, he liberally 
promsfed ne an hiJkx of alt whadoever had pa0ed in 
the Synod until my i^onmig ta Town. The time: of 
snaking his Prcxnife good. %ajs Sunday Mombg. When 
I faw it came not -at dbe time^ aBser dimier I vcroce a 
little note udco him, to put him in mind of his Piromi(e, 
but yet Iheard noth^ of hrni. I fuppofe tbb &1W out 
by rea&n of his nuiltlplspity of buunefi, not that he 
Wou&l flij^ht your Lordihip; though I rememb^ in a 
Speech ^t pa&d between him and me, he eold me 
that there pafied among the Brethren of the Synod a 
consent iftrnn eliminandis^ &Cc, of not divulging of any 
pflage till all was done, which I interpreted as fpoken 
only upon the by, not with any intent rf hindring any 
intelligence which (hould he given your Honour. I 
deak with Mr. Prafis and with Fifius for a Copy of Mur- 
linn^ Gngmi his Oration: the anfwer from/ them both 
was the &Be, that be would not at any hand be intreat- 
ed to driver a Capyoi it, no not lb much as the iunun 
pf it: whether it wasbecaufe of fome matter tliat was ik 
it, as that he (pake fomewhat roundly in dilgrace of 
the Spani^df or thatdie Politicb, have feme mi in ie, 
pr that he himielf is defirous to have it thought diat he 
delivered it only ex temjwrej or for what other reafon I 
know T\ot. As concerning what hath pafled in the Sy- 
nod, till I hear farther from Fefius^ I will acquaint your 
Honour with what pafled there fince my coming. 

On Saturday IJ of this prefent, in the Morning the 
Peputies met, and debated fome things of no great moment^ 
concerning their intended tranftdtion of the Bible. The 
lirlt thing propofed^wa^, whether the name jehovah- 
ihould be retained untranflated) or rendred by the Dutch 


io«^ dj^g&Wt <;^dM^<C^ Si8c]!Mt^ Hi^l« ^yoi 

w^s^PUKT^ii. A^d CQ thfig purpfiigihfiiattetf iome pjboot 

ginid|ipg«aik>n9 vmUJn^ft ai^tfti^ ^daout tbts paint, an 
^rin^thar the mme Slbim^ hid •m| pmnti df it& own^ 
or bor»>wed His points fcKvm £Mra 3od \rf4&witt, sod die 
1^, . but tfaiat tfah Ay^ji :fttU csLit rhmi q$ It was ai> 
length by the greater part concluded, that it (hould ha 
xeAtAhj ahe Bclg^B^^ wbkih w» always to be 
ecpcfft in! Capital Cb%ira&(m» tsid eonceming this die 
Readsr fliouB be adNmni^d&i^h^ in idk Prefkoe. And 
when tloci^ fiiouU .he in any plaoe ibnfi peculi^ ferise 
in that word whidi the fielgpkk word didfioK exprefi, of 
t^th^lifaderiliouUtieiadQiQmikcd^^ ; 

<< 71ie fioond Piupo&l wa3i vbedner thcfi^r^v fr^fn 
Named fisduld be rQtiubed^ o^ . teaniibtdd^nlikioiviie intu 
QUbck Ii was condudrd^dity fiKaddiber^ mtaincdy Bn 
wbiSing of :ait unneGeSary nov^t^iodralteiatioo^ ^fae 
tidsd> Frc^o&l was, wfad^r the m^gwu Jtvijfim qf. Ch^ 
«m (hauld ropiain^ r^) oxaii^ Hd^tfew Cfi^ies d&M 
fmnoiir CohuBaaJa thb peiijrif, and ihmeliiiie tbs old 
divi%n did &em ft(iiewhai ificanvwaJcaf, la^ that fei^o* 
W^ncm k br^ ifflin tfaft midft of a niatt;cr^i«ewhere ia 
the midft of a ientence. It ^as concluded that the old dii 
Viilgoj^ 0)kWl^ xeoim.' I'^ there wcH44-a»i^ gre^t fonfa- 
(loii in. quocsuisns, if the number of ChaptiE^^ an4 Ver(e$ 
^bodld ajtcr. Jhfi fpr the variety of pmer Copies, and 


J7* Mr.HMt Utter* fimOeHfiiodrfDORT 
iaooiivcnimt divifion, of due die Reader IhcuM be 
■dwrdfed im the Mirgm. Tbe fbunh Fkopo&l was 
♦hedierdiere inight not be added feme 4ywi&»/ tt> the '^ 

|»^, «nd tiuj hfc. ft WW dwught fit diey flwnld, pr^ 

wW tte m die Tabfa and N4Si dic« i»we no Pialu« 
md Ba>M% feravM%SuperftitiQa. tbefifebPtopo- 
a wMowoeraing die appointing of Pte^ 
wwkoftheTwoflttioo. The JV^ willed diat emy 
Province Ofaddexfaibitby BiU dw Names of diole win 

1^ knew in dietr Provmoes weie of fuffidocv fer die 
TranfJation, which ferdiwidiinsdone^ aoddie Names 

Oat were cxlubioed were aU pranoimcisd mdieSniod* 
botoutof tfadcvfaoflMuIdbecbofaifbr the work was 
diflfered, until die n^Sedion appointed upon theMoo* 
daj^ fidkwriqg: and fe widi Prayer diey brake tip die 

_ AsIhavedooemduiSeffioo, fewiQ rdoa^alldieK^ 
ft I flail get oo^renient place where I may ftand ud note; 
For, for any diiog I iee,mineown notes muftbe n^ chiefs 
cfthelp. The matters are but fmal^ bat I fiippo(e dwf 
wiU amend ixdien die Anninian Parnrflnllmake dievap- 
peanu)ce.Here is your Hooouri dd hjend oame to Town, 
andpaflesunderdKnameofaDoOurofFhyficIc. He is 
to djbe widi m^ Lord Kfliop diis dayr but Ihave diibo^^ 
I hisLoidfliip iniat he is. I liave peefiimed ID 
'idimekN^dum I determined at my de^ 

pamirej dK reafen it, becai& I am imtkillul of the flreet^ 
uidlhavenotDuedienouditoeoauiremyway: Iwill 
flxMtly find him home. A^^flnllbe done indie fettow^ 
ing SeflSom^ I iriQ not fiul |K> infonnyour Lordft^by the 
next Mefienger, in diefflf»n wUle I faqmUy take ogr 

Dort this M Nov. ftrnr Bumn Ckfitk, -mi 

j^iS • bwUmknB Diefft 

Jo. Hafcl 


fo fbeH^Hmari^te Sr.D. Carlton L.Bmtsffkdwr. ^f^ 

I hayefint pur Honour a Catalogueof die Synod 

Prioted berewith us. 

J(Sgtt HrnimmdUt ^ very I9ti lardy 

O^ miii^4; the IS of AA»ttfi»ifr, thofe of the Sj|(*^ 
nod met in the Morning. This Sejlpm wasonfyif* 
liberative^ far the^ concluded mtbit^. The propofil wa^ 
what firm if Caiccbi;pf^ both for Ch3dren and Youdis 
fliodd be diought fitted to be put in Pra6Hce in die 
Belgick, Churches. The Prafis firft Ipake many things 
learnedly of the neceflity of C^echizbg, that it was 
the Ba/is and ground of Reli^oH^ and die lole way of 
fr<iy»^^ diePriiKipla of Chnftianity m^ dntit 

Was veryaadent, praSifid by theP^^nVirc^f, by xh? j^ 
fttiSf by Origenj and' approved by the conient of d»e 
'fathers : am that from the negld^ of this came the ig-* 
norance of die common ibrt, and that multitude dE 
3e£b amongft them, of P^ifis^ AndapHJisj Liberrims^ 
inc. whereas if an uniform coikrie of teaching them their 
firft Principles hsul been taken up, there would not have 
been fo numy.difSarences: dhat there wag now greater 
neceffity than ever of reviving^ this Qiftom^ becaule of 
the ?^>i9 who mightSy labour in this kind, as appear- 
ed by (ome of their a£b lately b Fri&u &a Next 
Were%heDq)ud^fi>r die ftrangfrs called u^ to de- 
liver what forms of Catechizing were in their Churdi- 
pput in ufe : which they did; and gave theiA to tbt 
Ft^s in writii^. « After thefe, the Profefl&r^ and die 
other Deputies ipakf their Minds, and almoft all gave 
difm up in writing, whkh were immediately pronoun* 
bed in puUkk by me Sa%6 : nnd iudi as fpake, merm^ 
riUTy promilediD fit dowia uieir opinions infiri^^ and 
delhrer them to AicPrafis after EMnner. l!lie prind- 

E' IHeadion which diey infifted, were thefe : dut 
ne might be diree degrees of Catechizing, one Do- 
mfiicaL JO bepnu%i£d by Fadieifs and Mafters in their 
^'■- •''• -^ • ^ ■ '-" ''' Familid; 

^8p Mc. Uzlfs^^ Utters firm tifi Sptod of D OKT 

Families ; another Scholaflical to be uied by Schooltnafters 

joa !publikJ[; Schoob : and ^ third Ecclefifii^ to be pradli- 
led by the Minifter in the Church, dbat io Fathers 
mkht fit their Children for the Sphooj^, the Schools for 
th^hurch: That therefore Parents and Mafters(]^d 

1^ i^dmonllhed to look to this Duty in their Families : 
ihap Schoolmafters {hould be cholei;i, fuch as were 

'skiQfult^emlelvesto Catechize, and that they (hould h^ 

^^efiil to bring tiieir Scholars to Catechetical Senopns; ^ 
diat from Sermons they (hould pFe(ently call them Io 
^ School, and there examine them how they had pro- 
fited: Tliat the Minifter of every Pvifh, together with 
the Seniors and Deacons (hould monthly or quarterly 
viiit the Schools, and know tjie SchoUars Proficiency in 
this behalf • that the Miniftcrs before the times of the 
Communk)n (hould repair unto private Families, and 
Catechize , that the Magiftrates wojqld be pJbiplcd 
to provide ftipendsi for Sdbool-Mafters, fo to make 
thefm the more chearful : that there flbould be vari- 
ety of Catechizing according to the variety qf the 
AgC9 one for Children, which (hould contain The Lords 
Pr/^fer^ the Creedy the CommatuifnenfSy the Do£brine of 
^(^^ramen^Sy &c. That for (uch as were elder, other 

.things (hould he added s^xording to their Capacity: 
t^iat to take away Confufion, oqe fprm of Catechiua 
in e^ch kind (hould be ufed ; th|t the Jefi^s Cate- 
d:>iffns of UffiHs^ Cft^Jtm^ Led^maMc (hould be aboliil^t. ' 
iurthis and more by fundry Men was e2^hibite4 lA 
Writing, ^nd read in the audience of the Synod, 

, Tfaat which hidierto hath been done concerns only the 
manner of (^tecjiizipg, as for the matter of the Cate- 
chiffn, th^t was not no^ thought fit to be fycifsn of, 
but was put off , till the end of the Synod. When ^U 

. hsid Ipoken their Plealiires the Prirfi^ figmfied, that he 
^pgether with the 4jfi'Ilorf and Scribes would con^p^e 
gU ti]^g Writings pge^cr, gad put of theqwU.gather 


io the !(. Bmourdk Sr. D. Carlton L. kmhajfaiokr. ^'t 

one form of Catechizing as they thought beft, aaJ * 
exhibit it unto the Synod to be at)ptx)Ved of, or altei^efl 
to theif KHi^. And fo tbeSeffion eridefl. Amdngft tkf^ 
reft, Acre were foolepkiticulai^ 'tblA , Oiie of the Be^^ 
puties of Geldtia^ to ffiew the force of pi-ivate Ga'tpcliST; 
zing, related that aniongft tljfeih there was a Kfin^or,'; 
who when he fiift came to hisLhring, ifoiind h& C^ii^cli 
quite emp^,becauiedl his Parifliicmers were Papifts; and 
theicfbre if he Would rreach,he was to preach to the bare. 
Waits : but h^ takd^ To much pains as to go to every^ 
of hfe Pirifii privately unto their Houfes, and th6re 
by familiar converfing with them, and expounding ui^ 
to them the Grounds of Religion, he (b far prevailed 
with them, that in the c<HApafs of aYecar^h^glEffi'd llikn 
all to con^e to Church, and by this means hath ksao^ 
a Papift in his PariOi. . Sia d^tkfi the moft effiaual %^^ 
(fall the red tobririg jiotpjg Perjins to team their Caie^*^ 
chijm^ was that which was related iy one of the HelvetlaQ. 
Deputies. For he told tisj that in his Country the manner 
wasy that allyowiig Perfins that meant to Ii4arry^ mere torer'^ 
f'air^ both he andjhe^ urito their Miniflety a little before they 
meant to Marry ^ and by him to he examined how weHthefy 
had conned their Catechifin : If they had not done, it ferfeEily. 
to his Mind, he had Power to defer their Marriage till thoy 
bad better learnt their LeJJons, I was much afi&(^ed to 
this courie when I heard it j and I thought that doubt- -^ 
lels it was a Ipeedy way to make all young Perfons, ex- . 
cepting my felf and two or three more that mead not o- 
ver-haftily to Marry, to be skillful in their Catechifm# . 
The Synod fhall be ill advifed if they make no ufe of it. . 

Mr. Dean this day i^ to make a Latin Sermon in the 
Synod-houfe, arid after that there are certain Supplicatl-^ 
dns exhibited to the Synod to be confidered of. WBat ! 
. they are, and what they contain I will inform your Ho- 
nour by the next convenient Meflengcr. I have fiiffer- 
ed Daniel to come home, and fuppiy himfelf of ibine 


sift Mr. HaWilctftry^YMi th Syiud if^6K'f 

neoeflSurksp but to redimto .me wuax upon Samrdajrj 
ckcepc yciiir Honour (hall ociierwde appcSnt Hk lodg- 
iog and <lfetare provkfed, and he wiU be femcei^e 
tt> me this iU Weadier, to be ienttn Bufinefi, my ^ 
not brii^ io wdS able in dirt and inow to trace ^ ftreeta, 
But dm I leave to your Lofdfl^» Coofidenticxi, and 
fixr diii prefint I humbly tdcemy leave. 

Navemb.i6i8. JoLHsdci 

' ' ' - '< 

tlj^ht BmuriibUf mjf very giod Lardi 


UPON Thurfday, if of dits prelent, the Synod 
bemg mettogether, Mr.Deanofff oro^rrmade 
in the Synod'-Houie a polite and pathetical Latin Sermon \ 
the portion of Scripture he chofe for ho llierae %a& 
the X 7th Verie of the (Sth of Bcdte/utfles^ Noli ejji jufiui 
mmium^ nequt eftofafiehs mmi$. After a Witty comit^ 
i^pon his Text, how it Qiould come that Righteouffiefs 
aiid WiCldm, Which are every where commended unto 
us, (hould here feem to receive a Check, he (hewed how 
Meo might feem to be too Juft j Firft the Secular^ 
when fittbg In place of Juftide they ftbod too ftriftly in 
keeping the Letter of the Law, and then by infilling 
too heavy Punirtiments, when in Equity lighter would 
ftrve : next in the fecotid Word fdfiem nimis^ he taxt 
the Divines for preluriiitig too far in prying into the 
Judgments of God, and ib ^me to reprove the curioul 
Difputes which our age hath made concerning Predefti- 
nation ; that this difpute for its endlefinefs was like 
the Mathematical Line, divifihilis in femfer divifibitia ; 
that it was in Divinity, as the Rule of Cos is in Arithma- 
tlck. For the ending of thdtt Dilutes bis advice untd 


iotbe J^MwMT^^^SnD. Carlton L,Cni£ii(Mwr^ 383 

die Synod was, that both parts ocmtaxling (hould well 
oonfider of ScPauts Diibourle mtfae ninth to the i^ 
MMMfy and for their final detori^^ bodi (hould ex* 
hibit unto the Synod a {4ain perlpicuous and^familiar 
Paiaphraie on tbit Ch^ptxar,' For if the meaning of 
that Difcourie were oqdepa:£»SUy opened, the qu^on 
were atan end. JProm hence he came to jsAort dbem 
to fiand to the hrnner decerminatioi^ which had fai* 
Aorto moft generi^y pailb in die Reformed Qiurdies ^ 
iadiefe pdnts : and told them that it was an eipedal 
part of , his Magfties Cgmmiffion to exhort them to 
keep unaltiered the former Confeffions. How fit it was 
to (^en £> much of their Gommiffion^and thus to exprefi 
thenoielves for a Party againft the Remonftrants your 
rionour can heft judge. After this he brought a very 
patbetical Gooduuoni confiding of a vehement ediorta* 
tion to peace and Union, and & he ended. The Pret^ 
fis gave Um thanks for his good Pains, and then told 
us, iKrhereas it was once purpoled to lay open before the 
Synod certain UteOi fijflices (which FmentiMed to your 
Honour in my laft Letters) he might nottRow do ii^ 
for fome reaibns which he then concealed. And lb he 
difoift die Synod widxHit doing any thing &rther.What 
thefe Liheli fisf pikes contain, is unknown. Some ima? 
^he it to be from the Remonftrant Party ; others more 
probably think diat the (ubjed: of them were certaiti 
Gravamina of the Country Minifterd. 

Mr. Deans Sermon was taken well, for any -thing I 
can yet learn t^ the contrary, but your liordfliip fhaU 
underfland,there was a litde doubt made concerning dieft 
Latin Sennoos. Nfr. ^rafa^ when the Letters were di* 
redbd to the Amhiian Vmj^ requefted the Foreigners 
that tbey wotdd be pleafed to bellow in thdr Courles 
lome Latin Sermons to entertain tjbie Synod t21 the .^Ir- 
mmians made dieir appearance ; And fifl commendfi this 
unr^ 9b9 Bnglifh. A|r Urd^tfhof reftifid it hcatfi iftbe 



fidjain, »mit^ ': iuf J^^.ti^ HMd M^'tttt^^k'jhMa 

jfar^, iVJ^, LiOra Difiibp, ^ Sfe ' ttHiCr Wb, ^ 'ftdi 

fey tififunjgB Mi. ' fettt htf\i^ V^lf ffils ES^fe' Is ato» 
Jro^, itMl af^fi,,!? 6d|ier3\iP;ihe':f\)itefeiifeft '^ 
follow it H^e-fe a^rdffl^ijr oip; 'a; cHtaJH' ; feffikidi 

I liave not verMif, Wf I'-finrf^incJ it ^is hm liiricb 
5? the JPriJ&ufito V^h6ip t tiacl ifepaired to UvklGfk^' 

of Bufineg:'; Aslbo6 aisl. ^ i^-^Whit it is/ f WiB 
Acquaint |<3u4libnba- ifftti fe. 'Vcrhave niiiiih ■]^<3i 
pfa ilrange<!^mef'6fanuHi^allai^th feenthis l^lbrn- 
ing» i fiw ft not.j a'nd pepHvehtui-e it is, ho News 
^toyoiir Lorcllhip, if ith4ve appeared in the'ttori2»ri 
of the Hazue.^ ' Wy. "Lord filffiop ah^ his ,'CoriipanJ^' re- 
member their ■ Lii^e and Service toyouf, Horioui', arid 
Aanltyou for your Letter of- EngJiffijlSIews, which 
fhey here returm , I have lent voiur Lord- ' 
j^ips Will fix Catalogued of ihs ^nod^ printei^ wth 
iis in Latin.. And. lo for this -time .1 hukjbly. take .fti* 

• s 


^ Novemb. 1 6i 8. .' , 'kmkien in 4// .2>«(r, 



• -J . 

4 C«l • • • • < 

U?ml^rhky the fS (^T NbvM&i Ati p^mes 
• iri^jfhevMorningi wlfere firft; of all, there werS 
tccittd'the^Judgitictlts of f<H0e;<ioiicienung the manner 
of &t^cihHmgwhSfch w*;y^^^ who had rick 

delivered thch; WBiMb m Writiig- thi day before. In th& 
was ihe]!en6thbgextraordmar74» five only the advice^ 

. c^ the Rethohftrantt 6f Vtrechi. For' the Deputies rf 
that Province gaVe their jfudgtflentS (everally, the pontra^ 
Kpnot^ms hf, therfifelves , and the I^^mmftrants by 
thetn^vb. Theic firil; Uamed the: common Gaitechifni 
pa&nif ahiobitthem^ tobebg toki obfciire for the iiifipl^ 
knd t6o Idiifl^lor the Meatbry. Secondly; &ey thought 
it,nof faeccflSry that there (hoiid be a threefold Carcchilm^ 
for one well learnt m%ht ferve for all the reft. Thirdly, 
tiieywbidihave'^'a Catefchifinib.ihade, that the An{\^cri 
ini^'benotlhm^elfeBdifbarfeTektsdf Holy Scripturcsi 
For they thoughtidiatif Scriptiire alone wcrb taUght and 
ifot'anyMeps ^io&s,it vduld be anioreimniediate inean$ 
togsd.tha Aii^ba{M:i(ti' ahd ot^ Schififli^tiek$ to'ac^* 
ccfx of the'Catechifiri., Fourthly^ they' thbught fit' that^ 
ifi^ Prdfacfe toihefe Gatt^lm^ dl^re fhoiild bb ^^ 
notrgivcn-'jb this^rpoTc j: dislt thefe kind^' of writitig' 
byOalbchtfins^^r: #fcfe to be* cfteemed onlya^thfeif* 
fKryphfilSai^isTTQ the: third'point fbiiie little thing' was : 
anf^crcd to thii' pwrpofe; thaf lihfo wa^ a:iJicafi utterly 

^ td extirpate att other For itls k£ Catecfcizing|5 out of ttid 
ChoftBh; thd:e nevei- yet hayingbecn any for m of Creed' 
br' GatccAifin- for conceived. Yet therie nrigfai, bi a- 
titBe^bereafiasr foi; the Synod to cofifider, of ^t^ wheii 
theypldafed. After thi^ foiowed the form' of Catechi- 
ting); which' the' Ftafis and Ajfijfiri had agreed upohu : 
Myputpoft'A^ai co have taken an extract of it^ aad\ 
fchr it to your Honour, and I de»k mthTeJbis Hmmm:. 
abimrit ^ but kisaoiwer was, that be vl^as to^commimi* 

G € eaiQf 

3 85 Mr. rtalcsV LHtersfim th$ SjnU nf DORT^ 

^ate about this with the Pr^y?/, and that it was ia ^ ' 
hand of Stha^. Dammannus his fellow Scribe. To D4»f« 
rnanms I was not IcnoWfiy ^neidier did I underfland of 
any acquaintsance he had with your Honour, smd there- 
fore I let it reft. Thefumni<» it was dm. That there 
fiiould be obierved a threefold Ctfr0c^i;{m^. r. At home 
by the Parents.' ^. fn the School by die School-Ma* " 
fter ; A tliird in the' Church by Catechetical Sermons : 
then, that there fhould be a threefold Cateciifmfiitait for Bt 
cifientes^ contaming the Lords Prayer, the Creed, the 
Commandments, the Do^ine of the Sacraments, and 
the Church Difcipline. A Iccond for the Midlcfirt^ 
which fliould be a brief of the Palatine Catechifin : A 
third for Tomhs^ the Palatine Catcchifm it ielf: lliat e- 
very one that was admitted Schoolmafter fhould be bound 
to teach no other Catcchifm, and that all other Fonns 
ihould be aboliiht : that if either Schoolmafters in the 
Schools, or Minifters in the Church, ihould refule or 
negleiSb to Catechrze, they fli6uld be iubje^l: to cenfiir^ 
(£c. When this Form/ was read, the Provinces Were ia 
order asked what they would have altered or Applied; 
Thofi of GeUria thought it fit that the Minifter be^ 
fore his Catechetical Sermon, fliould tx>t only take the 
words of the Catechifhi fas the cuftom had in moft 
places been) but likewiie feme Text of Scripture upon 
which the Dofbine of the Catediiim was grounded For, 
as it leems the cuftom is in Catechiftical Sermons^ not 
to take a Text of Scripture,, btit a portion of the Ca-. 
tediifin fbf their Text and Theme. It was aiiiwened,. 
that this cuftom had been a long time laid down, and 
could not now conveniendy be recalled : the iame De- 
puties propoied, whether- it were not fit, that whereas- 
in the'Decree there is mention m^ade .of a cenfioe to 
p^ on tho(e who' - negletfted it, there fliould be fome 
p fticullar form of: Ccnlure let down by the' Synod.. 
The thipg being put to voices, it was decreed, that it 

_ Ihoul* 

, to tlU't^- Uii^»Ue St. T>. Gkrltdn, L^tAl^ptd^l 9 S ^ 

ihodldibe kfi: to the judgment of the Ci^^ faof^ they 
flibdd:te'Ge»fii]Td. . The Sniah-HdlanJirs^yXnoia^ it ne- 
aSiof ibere. fliotdd He pubCck Catecl^iiing in die Church 
. byvay. itfiOpdRion a^ ib(wer; Ityf^ H^f^ftttdi' 
that tfaos coda not be by realbn of the frequency of Ser- ^ 
IDDIB.; vThofe 6f Oon:;^ pTopdied j&mc>vhkt . coher- 
ing tke^Fbnn^ of Cat^toicalSennon^ 'lit 'viras anixKrer-^ 
ed that bbis (hould hereafter . be thou^ i«£ n ;^/cd ^ 
AtifwerisiM, ehil majf ithich the 'Px^KlE^ufes^ when h'e^ meani 
iofktly an imfertiilem ^ue/ltmk' Laft of: all^ thofe of 
the ff^alm Churches reqtared that this Decn^ iliould not ' 
prgudice them^ who had already ^iccepted of Bej^^'/ C^-- > 
tecbi&i in their Churches* .- Ncm whereai thene^^were 
three Gatecfaifins propoied, of whidi there was bat one 
in being, namely the PaUHm^ they - co^foked x>f depQ-" 
ting, fbm^ who ifaould make the other twa ^Thennat^^ 
ter being put to Scrutiny^ there were dbofen .thefe fpc^ 

Here the Pu^ts propoied to the Synod, that t3iey'wbuld> * 
think of fit means^for the Educadcn and training up of 
th6& who. ffaqold enter the Miniftry .- but thole (xNmt^ • 
HnEm^^ pi^opbfed a doubt^ Wherein the Churdtof ^ntf* ' 
fielriam required the derennination of the Synod. The 
matter is this. The Merchants -of . Amfierditm having 
Tiaffick into. the Eaft-bidiks^ took into their. Families 
many of the Youths and Infants of that .Comitry, but 
dcadked Whc&er they were to be baptized or na Tlie 
Qsieft^ waa thus propoied^ ^Ji^ether tthe Children of 
^ &btikk PilPrihtSj adopted into Ae "Tamiltet if Chrtftiansy 
^ were toJfi idftisiidj iffi be dje^ who did iffep thefti to be 
•* baft$:(idi did umkrtalne that theyjhould be brought lif. in the 
" Cht^kian:Faitk' Bot both thefe Queftions were puto- 
ver to the next SdBoh, and to the Synod bralte up, 
' This Afternoon the Dtiithcs oi TO-emulUq a me t6 Town; 
The Enghfli went to entertain her, where my LordBi- 
ihopimide a Speech wto her m.Latix^ which by her 

C t 9 Ghaplaia 

Ghs^f^atn "(^a^ tdterpceted xxaio,\^^ whocUkamfitimliell 
Nsims^ r^umed. aniwren Biit c^ the portididsra. 4>fi 
Eiliettiainment; • i fuppofe lo^ Xcanji JSilikipLftidiklL^taik 
rebtes moceiuUy to your. Hbniiar. than 'bp^i^rl'^ 
not. there. - ••', . ■• • i ' ■ .v•b^■^^ • « i* 

On Saturday, tlie^ firfba^ £l«$»i^ko» f Oafc flm^ Am' 
Dqputies being[fnet in tfa£ Ihbixibg^. tkCvQprdi&n t^ 
ccdrning^meaiEDS -of fiducatibnMifiitliQft Who. Jhai£i bft« fite 
ted\ fan the JMtniilry was?pi^p6(ed;^. wlmeyi.bcpaule-iikyr 
found it to be a.gteater ii^tt^'tbiaNitiGqned av^m a^t< 
ficftr It; was. profK^d^ therTisoviapet te^Mfiblifiifdiec.. 
re(piie^' excepting the Z^imdarjt. and Swf^{MM93> ibi(mi.. 
th^i^xldimoed'jup their JudgmentSv 19 Jcf//^^ .The.fub# ' 
ftance .of what ^ ;^eiii»Ar£:d^ thisu- thatit 

nuosttxrj 6&Toutfas ini^ tie fated^ upjfixt dob; Miniftari- 
at the^Clnrge: oB die pisUiKfk Bucib . "Sbatidpc^ inealii 
thier ibrt Wquld lend jSicb<.ldf, d|(^ ^GhiUkn ,^^^ 
ScJKxd% as tfaqr. thpug^/iiaif^ HnH 

out of theleihould berjcboiiaaL Toutha o£ jngjenuoos Vt2&. . 
rentage. and. Manners,, of goi)d;Wit».o£tSaeingtb*and/: 
Heahii.of iBody^ wbid^ Aoidd txi fent junte^i^lkiii«ff#* 
fity. That in. the Uniyerlltyl them might hep difliQift* 
CoU^es for every Piovince,, and ' iiii' thefel; GbUqm 
there might be Regents and Supie£yii&i^;\(diidi jqou^ > 
prelciil^ unta Youths a Method of Study^^ and n^i i^<. 
ferthem to. wander in variety joE St^dy^ md^nQt^xacfic^' 
themfelves in iome one; kind. That | tbcase axaghc £iineu 
time be pre$xed for their aboad^in di^iUofi^liiy^. aa 
fiv^ or (ix yeo]^. Andnbecauft many. .iyion.<iwO( yean 
fludy ieek for Piefetment in the^(^nsht.and.^o0M^vf^ ' 
the contrary flay in^j£evUhivcdaty.ov^r'.kA)g.}. for re* 
medyof boththeie there nii^tna, dnii&be fixtnvfaomQ/ 
the . whole ,courie of Soldy. ihauld^bQ abioimLT Thift 
thefe Studentari evsdy/ yean ihauld. giTe.da- aficcnmt off ; 
their Proficiency tpLtiai^fParehtsj and Senefa&oo^ asid.. 

ft<Jir|B^%e4 ttenjrji^ • that a^rthfa th^y . fliwW^a 
ihi yji6l^/e^ CbtM^cheik i.arid Univfirfkiesf. to fee ;ind 
^r^..^;T^j; af th^i c^a#ig Horn? tjaay bring with 
^^ the ;1^e(J[iirlQni{^ ^:]thel^aftors and Qovemours of 
dic?C3bMC<?M tod^Uni)J?€F^ipl^ j^^ Aitj have becn^ 
9QiexhAfif.j|i^'t<^jt^ Cli^^s where. they are to live i 
«i4'.|f{ipc^jftcit c^kiglp. the Mioaii^^..;^^^ they 
iboi^J ^llWickjy m ^^^^^f<h rqid the Scriptures be- 
fi^fe ^ Prtople^ Ipi^^tM^ wf^d 4|iake them, known ta 
^ GhKu-di',; dpl^ldeii them rtp: %!ak tp. tl^;iViukitude» 
^ %)end\^^pft V/rice^ aft4'P^liver;y. That by conient 
f^rtW^^fitfi* >:hey ba^fpfi^^ be with the Riftors, 
t6 .jesmlpTi w:^h themip Cy^ of C^ienci^ 10 go witb 

^awitpcdeil i^::th^Je^!Qafe% and bpW to /conceiv^ Pray'*-, 
e|> (if** vfii::§;^ft?n^ :/l!h?t;t9 fit them for the Church. 
|lqgiw*%rjiehi€;b-.i^^%ing;pPt learnt ip gchook, feme 
9W«l(iAvl;%&tel^ they converfe in the 

g(§g^rifM^S0i'^^t4^'^^^^ Presbyteries and the 
Msiriijgs:»afj ^)|Jti|: o|fe( g> .^inderftand how Voices 
im.7r^;^k{^: iQd':^d^4;^<>W ChMtx:h Diicipline i» 
^ )3)& ex$r<^d, dful w^:^ divers c^fes is to be done. 
Thai tH^-ibs c^mts^d how fit they be to reform mens 
Sfcrtners, . -'I^aj; it, \5^0re fit that even in llniverfitiesj 
y©«|hS^0rjj5r?in€d yp: in Pr^icl^Divinit^ and C^cs of 
^«i|/&Vfi^rr T]^. fabijbficf 0f what the Sw^i^iManders 
d^\x^t^iW¥) t^ -Fjrfc that Youths fcould ftay at 
k^'t9f<>ye^s.ia$he l^iiverfity, and publicjdy read the 
Sq^II^C^ mj^t ChuTph* Sccpijdly, that after this they 
pj^^UcWf 4i^(^W^ in Religion,, 

Tnairdlyj thijthey ber«y^iin)sd pf all the Articles in. 
Religicfn^ apdiftbey^elatisfailipp, then they may be 

^dritt^, yji |'.ff/«%/<'«^^, (what thefe ^c I know not) 
jUid' niter a years Excr^ife in them, they inay be exa- 
mix&i by the Clajis^ who if they find thec§^ fit, may 
f^^ ih^Oj le^ve,t9 exercife themfelvc^ in Catechixing^ 

P5 5 - M 



^90 Mr: Halesfj Leptersfimist iU Symd tf DQlCF 

• • * 

AndPfeachiiig. * That to learn Church 
be admitted to Ct?«/?/?w/w tLniCkJJes to iee wfaktd^ereis 
dotie^ Co that what tliere thejr Ifethey keep iaiil<^nce. 
That the7 leave hot the Stiidies^ of Divmity* to ifi<$ddle 
with othei* things.' Tbit/they may have teave to B^ 
fis^e^ jf the Neeeflity of RurS Giuithes ft^iiire. 'Vwr 
they miifKexpeft a yeai^ e^e thcy-fe admltteid> wlijch is 
not! to be done without ftfficfefttTPdliniooy thkt^lifealti 
been done which is required;' Tl^* rift of/the PrbtAl- 
ces required rdfprie till Mmikjt anil fo' thejr ^pajft'to the 
Queftldri" which was propeftd ki the j^aftfe-of the 
Churches of 'jihffterjahi^ coiifcerhKig the Bapdfl5ing«f*the 
Children of Ethnick Parems/' The £W*^ jfirft^ cxhi- 
felted^ their Minds in 'writing- tb this dfcft, • That hn 
feflts, . if they • were juftly taken, as, if they- W€<te<^vciy 
or bought, of the like, (for it might laotbelawliilftau- 
liulently or Violently to take them from thei^jlP^ents) 
'6ught to be baptized. For *fo' it is rec6rd^'^Ahkt^ 
that he circumcifed every one ill his ftoSfej (Efveii ihrfe 
whom heliad bought ^-itH his MoAey> but .if 'they 
if/cre^4^uiH, fhey might not be-6apti2c4 tl81 they made 
Profeffion 6f the Chriftian Faith. With- tfete' agreed 
the Bremen^es and the ^rfejfirs: On the ctmWy, the 
Helvetians and So«/i^Hoi?4wArj concluded, ttwit thc'Iniants 
of Ethnick Parents ought ti6f t(Sbe Baptfeed^ * tffl ttey' 
dame to be of y^rs to declare thar Fairii. • Their diief 
kafon' was, bccaufe Bajrfffti vs^"ft Sign' <tf 'tHe-Covei' 
»ant : but the Infamts^ of Bdih'kli Parents aa-e ; iitdit'bbm 
N^'ithin the €>6venant, a|id therefore they ckftti^'bc Par-^ 
takers of this Sgn, ffdr'e was^iflittte'Mr^B dtt^i^ i^T 
^vixt the HtlV-etfens-'iiWd/ $hc ft-^ftifeiifci ' 15fe''Hdy^tiani 
Scribe bad l^fime fwdns or other fuffered-a Qop<f tht ^^ 
fins for' fheir Ofinim to be hroi^hl aforqji^^ to- thoji of 
Breme, rfi^ epenty in the Synod ffmifi^ in (crJptdi infkttd. 
ihem : whith thing is feared witl caufc forfie Qibkr. 
^d this is- ^l that this day was do^ concerning tfaij 

*♦ " 

QpelHon, and- 16 both the QpeftbnS yet depend. ^ The 
Synod did the iboner end^ becaiufe they were at eleven 
n Qodc to go to the Funeral of HemicM nb H?i?, who 
clicd ktdy, as I think I told your Honour. The ' So^ 
lenmity wai no more but this. Some of die Chief of 
Jthe Town, together with the whole Synod, went tQ 
the Houie where he died, accompanied him to the 
Church, laid him in his Gtafse, ^ went home again, 
dmoft in as fitdelpaoe as ,1. have told it yoov^ri^Tis6 
JXtchefi ^ TrmuUiQ was at this Se(Hon, and as I hear; 
"^wdce very well of thcSynod^ commending it-both foJ 
Fiety and good Older. c. . • ^ '^ 

/ The R^monftraocs are . now eviery / day expeft^^; 
Wt underftadd that they are already met tog^fntr at 
htjfJetL Mr. Pt^aeies came ttm^doff to n^Lari Biftiapp and 
imder Benedicite told Utn^ that it was thought the ^^mpt^ 
firmtts TPodd hecgme Suiters to the Secular Defuties^ for\f^hw 
greatet refieB in the Symd^ than it is likpfjf othermi/e' they' 
fimid have:. . aniika^t for this they mould .1^ :the EngUfll d- 
Mfdia^ors. Then^ that they mould caS. in qu^Umtherighf' 
tf bis Frefidantfhipi as being made only, ly the Provincials'^ 
mithaut asp. x^fpeB-.had unto the Fairreigners. To this mjf. 
Lord Kifhof refUedy ' that for thefirftf finee they mere Mm-^ 
tiers of the Symdy they mmld not do any thing clanduiarfy^' 
mitiout the Confint and Privity of she mhok Comfasry. To 
tbejicondj he an/meredj that hitherto they had acl(nom lodged 
him for their Pi^fes, asuljo they, mould continue to do, not'- 
mithfianding assy ObjeBion might be fancied, fi that tfthem 
to might ficuro hinifelf ' Am this is all hath hapned fihce 
Friday Mommg, at what time I addrefl: my laft Letters 
yntp your Honour : and for this time commending 
your JL^rdihip. to Qods good Protedjon, I humbly take 
Qay leaye. 

■ <•* •-^ * ^ ' ^ 

Dorty De^em« 1. I^l 8. Tour-Hmours Chaplain, and , 

S(ylo novo. BounJen in aH Duty, John Hales , 

G c 4 /^ipfci 

:j9* Mr.HaksV Utters from tU Sjmdtf DORT 

MY Lfimrs contabiiig the A£b dEaixr Synod ypcm 
Friday jacid Satunia|r, i dlljxitdied d^/MbnKig 
irtto ymr Honour by a Soldier whom i kjicW tmi 
Ind ii(! 4^^^^^ ^^ ^o* ^ Skipper whont he ImcW iKtt{ 
and. whether or no they came ta your Xord(Kipsliari<l4 
I;»in:imaimio. 'Thel^ar?; c6me wk^ the&^Utte^ 
Irdmmy Lord B^Koptpyour Honoun * t^ion Monda^ 
the' third of Dteckmkcry. the! Depud^ »being; ttiet, thd^ 
pwrfeiciiitcd the iw6 Qpeftions ^before left undectddTi 
FMcfihfi baptizing o£ (IMdren iKAti of Etiitiick -^^ 
rents: (econdly, of means confiderafale ^V to |biree4 
jjnp j9io|^ who are to enter the MisiSay* In the- £rft| 
Qpnc^ng the Addti the Synod agreed^ that if ^ej 
tnade.-ffc^ifioa.of the Oiriftiaa E^mx tHey* mi^t be 
\^^¥2/^ ctiam mvitis foremikis. ^dr reami wnaj 
}3ea^u(^>at aner CMdren came to be of yearsi in ai& 
5^ Rd^tdn th^y. depended not from the Power of tiii^ 
Sav^ob) but might make their own Marker. Atf liiSw 
di^Gu% wa$ oh Infants, and GiSdren not^ yet bf ^ 
fstetioti to make'th^r Cbcuce. The ^jf^, the Prcf^ 
J^jby jjxoft of Hdffi^ thofe' of Brmcj o£ ;^<?&«^ of Ptcep 
imd^ rhoughc it neccfl^ty they -flipuM yb feiptized if die/ 
^eri^. righmiily adopted intd Chrifttah KamiSes, and that 
tjheir Farqitshsid altogether reiigned them into the hm^ 
of the Chriftians. They grbundecl theihfelvfe^ iipcm the 
Exan^ples of Abraham circumcirmff glf tHat were of hiis 
S^Ily; cS.Pat4f Baptixing wh(& Hw&ol4? ; of thef 
' Eciniici ve Qiurch' recorded in St. Aufid^^ ^ who fiiewa dhi^ 
mticmly'Ch^drch xhkt imt ex fo)kii$d w^e Woiit to be 
t^eh wp hjDthe Ghriftians and baptized^^ Now fc^' 
wae theXhlldrgn i£ Bdinick Paritit£^ fe^k was nevciti 
cfteeraed lawul for Chriftians to expofe their Ghiklren.? 
All the reft were pereriiptdiy that theV were not to be 
baptjzccj, till they camevto be of years ofi &]&m&A tq- 



J n 

' • 

to tlfiK- Hmm-^b'ff Sr.p.CarIt(n, \^^^^^, ^a% 

make Profeflion of ijie Fsitb. The }<,0Tth-li)tIa>uUTvx!^^ ■ 
ielvcs, whofe Byfinefs it .^as^ and who moved the'Sj;^ 
nod in i[, were esprefly againft ir ; \vhedier they werp- 
bought, giren, taken in \yar,'of howloever. Tfeif^ 
, realons were, [Ijecaule they arc ^nm^tsdi ; becaule. tbEf-. 
arf excra fa:iha, of w^ich Baprifin ii a fign ; becaiifc An 
idoptlon CQuld enl;i^? tbem' only' tp' terrene, not J:9'^a 
'iieavenly Inheritaoce. C^c. So that, if plurality of Vpicgj' 
carry it, tj^e Negaijve Part prevails. The Pr£j£i r^- 
' quired (bme time to compare the Opifiions togethc,r;,,3n4! 
16 for tbat tjine' for^re to jironounce Sentence, m^^ 
becaufethe Examples of yiif.)/M»i and P^w/ were^rRudii 
ftood upon by thcfl^r'^bo held the Af^-mutivej .(i^ .'ororj 
■. poftdtjielj^ t^QtJiin^f to'bt confidercd of, Firftf,.wljefl 
ther it were lijcdy that if^ AhraiMmt ,1^:351117, ^.J^^p^'bef 
put circumcifion in ^i^:, there ^ycje ?gy Iprjiiats, l^RQ^, 
"Parents died uncirCmjicilcd. Secopdjy, w,t?cd»er J; lycjej 
likely that intbe F^injIIt? bapt-jz^, by Pai^, ^revfpp,^ 
any Ipfent?, ^hf^ls' T^reras ^ie^^'^ }jn^puzsd : ^rj^K^ 
he paft ajyay to iiie ftcoij,(I pijefl^^i," concerning, t^^ 
manner of traininfl up^hofc wHp.^'ere.lQ enter tbiTMJ- 
niftry, Ip my laft Letter? to yg^ Hoiiom, J related^ 
l«rgp the Adv^ given in this PgW by thi? ^eiiwfcrj, 
aha^-5o«ifrrJ3bi'i«iyeri, " It w^s-nQiy proposed, tP-^b^ ^X'*''?': 
whetticr they did approve t^eqr'Coi^afel oreJCpcpt.^gai^. 
it. Some thought it was unlawful for Men not in Or- 
ders ip^eafbgubli^lfe 9r-baptiM^_ffi^ 
loKtleri in their .Aayiee, had determine^ ^t^ iP^fjmt°' 
ihois t^Wbt It unmeet, that they (hbuld pe prelent in 
thr Cdnfimiri^ and Meetings of Deacons, or that they 
fhould i^ad the Scnpturps puUickty in the Cbufdi 
(wttdt was ilie ju^ui Ailvlce of the JlftMdffiAnil WE^ 
iMwiifo-j.) * Laftly, fe ^.(^i^pj. wbethRf A? %9P<J 
fould mffof any D^ree in^ diig Queftionjj, bec^^Wtofe- 
the tevcr^'Cuftonw in fever^Provtnee^ v/H<^ "\?^ 
jmt in the Power of ^SJi^tctpfeiy^Ke. ; 5p,tt* ^ > 

fomdi^ak^ smt^ the Peeple^ G>ntrai7 ut^nbg^.^Pfli 
was.A Gomam^ who bdcl h ucterjiy itniliiwMtor 4^)7«i 
j)fieach before they were (ukiuttBd to the hdxa^tty^^^h^ 
becai)ie Idiejr jbftd no Mi£Soa ; W i»&0 f^ l/b^^ 
Uiefeta.. Seo(m<fln bccaofc they 1^4 W^ ^ 

tibattbey could not kqpibe: iipwCmnft^is^ 

tilm audi pteia/iSii^ t^ed3irr> & Msh aM hifiUf^ Jn^f(^ 

im thm:^^gi»jkDem tmjf^t ftm^^^ne fip§^ 

ul, diougli thpriphad ke^|aCui!b^ ^ ^^|)^lf^ tf^. 

fornpi it.ftlF to TxiiK 'tJiw'Try^ toCuftqw^, i>Vidl 
frpm MiSSw to ]bc>iiaap%i:aUc,^^^^^ ibr ^jpm^f^ 

, . . <ii5»ta5 

onl^ jCj^^i^ I of ^imA-lifilkfii mHgkt 4;er^ai^ ^ te cei^fo^ 
bom4m^ fc4 tp]i lis, tbaft jtoA M^nj^iig^tflwcfe' w4 
ttiaf.they hair^^iw?* ^itp <^^ 4# t^Vww^ 
vociidof wbip^ )thley'ilai|!Brp^^t3ie ;$fAttt^ in4 t^itlidr 
Exsuwiatboi acL4 A(Imifli)fi by . j^ho^ C/f^/ .jyafr' warmm 
ibr them fufficj|8nt topre^iel^f^pvgfai 4^ey ha^ Qpf^-^. 
ficular Chari^. Fcitbi^^c^ Mf. lM^;ef 

mrctf>r puSjdWy agf^«4 fb^^^ ¥^*ie.Syno^-i I 

faiarvelM' mud) with; ipy ^to.i^^ 

to wide of dift.Maflb Fpr ^e .was iPv^MsftioQC ^ 


oh and Adn^aflipaby tl^ieC^ ^rthe Vfpy Fprav of their 
Miniftry^ and wt^^ax &ev)g.f)^0i pver.a par^ioitir; 
piprch. Ab(I tW^^niuf K at .lei^b di^ the fr^' td) 

'*:'■■" ■'■• ■"" '■ •■" ' ■■'■■ ^'" Wf 

n. i Wi^iaH lkdii^c«s Kd^.PK^i prbncyuiKeci tfatf ^ 

MifondioBi' to BafC^ barfed ttiettettefoPSjatnoitt^ 
it wsi didttght good by thc^^ Sy liod^ that it flMl be 
Im^txy ^JudffnMii^MA'T^^ the pnti6u]at 

Cyi^ : in die thiid iti^tiel&n^meermbg the Adnriffioa 
rf<AoJfry»iiiWy ^tbcy^csdl them) to theConfftori^ 
fitismUvftidyMd ioi id tbei feurth, concerning the pab- 
1^ readhi^ ^f SaAf^ot^uk die Chttfcb; Some thought 
fitdiat^tkeaadcxit^Ci^m'of .tf|yi(^is^ mtheCfauidL 
fliMildibe; ttmtrftdf odien^ dxK^ fome Dif^^hige- 
mfiab tOvpiMkb R^c^^ dlac it ^vas- coixnnttxed to 
^Iinidefixiea,and maiyf tinies' to Men un^sMiI^ that 
kocwinptiWcii t» rM ^ ^ both thefethe S}^od: deter- 
mioofllJnodiing^ but kft them^^ta the dKcretion of'th/K 
CAq^,,«d i^4fttt^«w^ tx>be Idfe to. the LibeitT^ of. 
die i*#cfM9flK^^' ^^^becbe^ diey^ wonld- read or no; and' 
tfaaothsy wm« net to bb inforqed to it^ if they would 
nat:» la <thii haSt^ ^#ft{o% whedier they (boiid make 
ai^ neodSuyt Dtore^ fafak^ aH^oronly bf way <£ 
Coiioie^ pay li&tA'SiBMp being adked^what ht thought 
fit^ mad&a^etV <^' th^ w^re^to diftingqifh betwixt 
dimgB^ileoeflaiyv ^*not«ti)x^el&ry.^ Thmgsahfblutely 
neodSavy flibiild' b^ ab&lutdy decreed.* other dbings 
fiiouldibe'lofeaibiQary; Whidi Sentence pa^Gbdb^ the 
inajoii' part of Vbiceflr ^d was SynodSraily concluded^ 
Here theDepitieis fyr* tbe^ RdnocArants of Vtrech ex- 
hiUcod, to > the ^ ^iiod* in writing, a Kll, con* 
taflHng^feme^exeeptions ag^^ft what btcherto'had palled 
in tthemattet^ <£ th^'Giteehifm. Firft ihey miilikai that 
anjftfiidb E^ntt^ (koidd be^ibroed upon thinn. Second* 
ly^ that^ idl Sifeool- mafllM •Oiotdd ht fb -ftri% bound 
to that Form^ as th^ it fi^oukl not be iawfol to recede 
firooi ittf Fbt this did 'prejudice all other . Forms, now 
cunnnti^ aod might diioontmt ikeLmierans and others^ 
wbp had ^idototd" cf -uodiar Fonn^ llEuxdIyj theyd* 



^oft Mr.HaksV Letters fim the Sj/nod ^ DORT^ 

charged the iVi^>« with; ioipe VidireA deaUi^. /Fa^ 
wtiercas be had, ^viulft the; ^Bufmcfi was in jSeriv ^^Qm-* 
1/ protefted^ that.j^ere. w4s.ii^ imtet coDceniidg the 
matter, hot only concemipg t}ie F^n&of Catecfaizii^'' 
ytX in the JiTiie they had ^itmfilnied the Fdatm Cate^.. 
cbifin, which contained al.well MsittBr. oi Fomt . 
Foij^thly, they roifliked the D^expnoerningiiieiiPC'; 
premiiing of a Text of !Sq:ipt(ire- before ClatedietidaA 
Sermons. Xaflly, they reqqliMl tfaac thfe thdr jdiiibtt 
mi^t be regiftxed. To tfais^ the |V^<^/ leplyed, that 
the Synod had only expreft if f^l£ what it ttooght fitteft 
to tie done. A^ iox the Qec^rf of . Esoidution^ diat 
was not in the Power of the Synod, but of^the States^ ' 
General, who When aB was done, might eidxr paficr 
rcicall what they dbought good. ,SQ«OQdfy» ta die. Pome - 
concerning himielf, he anf^r^ied^ he had done • fi^» "^iA 
thought it fitteft fo to do /but; ifae Synpd/dbioe^ ^dha^ 
wife; and (ince there was a ni^ttet .qF Catechifin to :be 
concluded, they thought th^y piMght icdnfirm this as weii: . 
as a.ny other: and diils was not jK) jcoofitjm'd, but that^k 
was in the Power of the Synod IQ alter what ^hqf ^ka^ 
To the Point of premifing a Teyt of Sqpipture before 
the Catechetical Sermon, he aniwerc^d^ that the Ht^r^ 
muiation of the Synod was not to take; thatCuftom a4> 
way there where it was in ufe, but oidy tp prohibit the 
ur^ngof it there where it had a long time been diiuied. 
To die laft, concerning the R^iftring of this their diP 
lent^ he altered, he iaw not how d^is could be grant- 
ed them ; fifice the States General had concluded, that 
what pailed by a mdpr part of Voices^ (hould alone be 
accounted the ASk q^ the Synod ; and by the fame pro^ 
portion every one that pafles not his Voice with the 
tns^or part, might rec^ii^ his Diflent to . be' regiftred. . 
After this the Br^s. figciified that concerning.the Qjiefti- 
on of the bap^?^^ of Ethnick Children put the . 
Church of An^Jam^ he required y^ farther te(pttey 


$ tti; Jt. MmwaUi Sr. ti. Carlton L, if4^^. 3 9a 

becaule of the opuiioa. of iome of the Synod,, whscb 
[was ibmewfaat amUgiious and olrf^tire. He ^^ dierer 
f(»e ta confer with die Audiors of it, and dxerefeit de« 
£red that the refi>lution m^ht be put off till die next 
Scffionr and withal he commended to the Synod die 
coi^deration how the Hbeity of Printing fa promiicuoi^ 
Aj ^ kind of Icandalous iand iibdlous Pamphfets wS^ 
berepreft, and ib he <iifmi(t the5jrnbA 

The R«nonfl*ants are in Town^ hut becauie thejr^ 
keep thdnfelves ^r^vafei and )iave not prefinted them** 
lelyes unto the States^ and Deputies, idiere is. no' notic^ 
taken of it. And io cctfnmending your Honour to Godli) 
good ProtedUon I hum% take my Icay* 

Port thU i^ if Decemb| ii Ymtr BMmrsChi^lainymii 
\ i6'^^i fyhmw* ' ( hmden in dtkiifi 

Ja Iblei 

UPon Wedneftlay tfaie' pk of DecenAer^ Sg^ fiom^ 
the;Deputies being met in the Morning, die £x& 
thing which was done, was die admiffion of a Seniof 
or Eldei^ for thoie of GrmingOj whoie xamd^ef as it fiemi 
was nc^;^et full, l^e thmg was;,tfan£iS:ed in Dutch, 
and y^ the conientof the Englifli was a^: at which 
I did n(^ a litde muie. Nesct followed the advii^ of the' 
Hdvetiansj what oourie was to be taken widi thoie, who - 
are to enter the Miniftery ; in whkh there was no msLt- 
rhatter firom what before was indmated. The IPauuini 
promSTed the like, and therefore the Pnefis required yet 
farther reipite before diqr dM conceive any fon^ of De- 
cree in thtt behalf. ** Then followed the Decree of the 
JJ Synod concerning the qu^ion moved by thofe of -4w- 

^.fimdam aBqut m']M^fHfi» ff; (^biMren tm fiJi^b^ 
'^l^0rents. 11^ :^^« «»fift«l <Jt two pju^'^^^ 
*cpnccym^ die; .A^r^^W it^F«^ 

'^If mjT meaioTff or : itaflhg faU me no(^: no Chwdll 
^'^eic^rAocieiilor Mod^ Whe^.it f^ 

fr obj^^ied^; what ^ t^f W€i^ iir^ d^i^er of de^ch ? 
^t^elr anfwer wagtit^kt tfaewsiat oF'&^ift> not 

^ prgudice them widi God^ except we wcnild decermiiie 
^ftsdift.Baf^.^ >^ Baptifii^'^ir#l9|eflar7 ta Ssikatlt 
T^ofi.^ ^^httbi^al mudi to tinden^due tbe iieeefl^ypf' 
^&pti(m as the Church of Sfgrne doth overvalue it. 
HereieliiHredi^Ta recitation of all that had been done 
fince thebufineis of the CatechlCn had been iet onfi^ot.- 
^■uMUgfl di € I ' tft w u iLgillin f die C Ai e ptluiis uf ilieR e^ 
monflrants of Vnecbfj and it was adddd, ai^m^ sis efi^ a 
Prafide fatisfaBum. I^^fabfe^of ,€^)trm&^ e»rep^ 
that ^ wo]>d fim^faSHnti . tli^ h^ j&id tfae/^^ fm v^w&t . 
^Ten them, :butHK) ^tis^i^bori, Fo|r theyr perfiftefl vA 
flieir 'fornijSr Opinion : ittldJ&>tih^Yich tha.t* word was d^'r 
tered* . Here waaa-xloiibt moved) whether it Wete' nqt 
fo that (oirne of the e(peciati(<wyS»H:Jrougltt Jy/ d^ Sf f 
^bd -in the, Queftlon or thtr Baptifea of Infante (honld 
^ot be added to the Decree. - It/ wot onTtt^idjiifd^ '^*j^t 

fins were obnoxious t0 Cavil *and Excefmns^* aSid i^ 0as nist^ 
feir the Authority. of the' S:fMds^^ A£^ 

ter this the Prafif figatfied to the"Sytiod that thetitne; 
prefixt for die q)petraiiGe of the Rtinonftrtots waS* noW 
cxpirttig,: And yet nothing ^wjis fig^ifierf donccrningr thtf* 
appearance neither to the Secuiar f*refideist)' ttas Ecde^ 
fiafticaL . Wherefore namiiig'd»^m AUi he thought gopd,* 
te €ite "them to appear. & was anfwered by thofe o£ 


% the j(. Htmurdlc 'Sr. D. Carlton, l^Ef/Aajfdifff. 40 X 

VtreSti xhk they did piovide'afid w6idd ftidrdjr he 
forth coming, fa the mean while to take up^e lime,* 
Mr. Fr^s thought good to commend to the Synod the 
toiilideratiort dnd mfrefi- cE iiiple atoil^^Hieh '>ver^ in 
Piiiitirig.' EvcJy lAin'4t2si tttfer ed t^ pffct what he 
lifted^ whepoe dtme alkmdance of EllafphemonSy Vkri^ 
ticiU;- Obiobe atfd Sdahdalbtt^ PampHtem. Man;^ here 
deli^lered their Opinioiis, others^ required fartHei" time t6 
<hink of it. The Ehgli(b firft thought' fit tfcat the 
Scatcfs^jeneral (hould be reqiieflfed to take the care oilSpk 
into their hahds. That there (hould be Gtt&tt to ap; 
prove all fiich Books as "(houtd go to the Prefc That 
no Man fhpuld Print but (uch as were known to be of 
ihfc* Reformed Rdigfon. llhto this advice divert things 
VeHf added 1^ oAers;' as that^here (hould be a^ nqm* 
ber of Prihtb* ; dat ttiey (hduld'be S^€)irfi: that there 
ihould te dertam Laws preferibed unto them.* that 
they fiiduH Trint lio Heictical Books^ elpci^dly the 
Books (^ 6mnd Gmgitisi ^.NMaisSocifiuf : that no Li« 
bek, no unlawful Pidures^ dther ob(cene^ pt niade to 
any Mans Diigrace, (hodd bi^ permitted f thit no Book 
fibotdd be Prmted without the Names of the Author^ 
i^intd*^ Place, except the Synod or the Maglftrates did 
HI (bme caies otherwile think good: that there ihould 
be caic (hat the Gorte^ifs for the Ffefi Were good Sdio- 
hM: atld many othe^ things of the Vkt imture. Then 
were there read certain Canons milde in iome Synods be- 
fore^ concerning this btifinefi. 7beoJdft$s of Geneva told 
usi that in his Ttivails, at Vefnee he hadti&rved chat 
there waa a G>Uedge of GslAdry Perions, Secular and 
^ritual, to whofe care was cocnmitt^d^ttocte bufinefs 
cff ^rini^.* He thought it £t tber^ (hodd be liich Col« 
ledg^ hcife eWaed When ail had ^dk«n that would, 
the Pr^t/^ tdl^ th^m that jt4ri4n Srnmius Iki^d writxsn a 
IkdeSoOk in the BS^kk Tongue unto the Synod, and 
fmtAinOjfics o( it to lum to Ve diftribated. And to 

D 4 requefting 

40* Mr;Hlteai/f*tt«»,^»Ar^rM*/tf]^pRT 

•.tibe I»fe<^. f<i>rj3Vant of -^^^i^^iasis the Synpd, hiajb 

-.Up. ' '-' •: i: vt ! - >■ TjjM 111 b<- - r ■_ ., ^.; • '. 

At kiigth sure we, c»mfcg^;tp. t^. main Battel ; The 
Armie3 ^^^fi hem: ift . ^fiH . ope^ .c^ anotha^ andl : have 
Jbad fome.wrly- The in^nnicfi iws thisL ifeWar^ 
die. (5fik.<v. Deftmher Jfylp ^wpfci-^^^te Synod ^beiqg fet ia 
theM)i!f)^i the Pr^s %^5w4ii l^hat thei)e,h^ came 
iinta hin ih thie oam^ <^, fh^; j^nvjuilVants, the^ &uiv 
IJ. Uo^-UieViHs^ Mufhifi^^:^ jFmkfr^ tQ,BX[p. no- 
tice that dae RenicMiftnaits ^vi^r&r^^iy accord^ngto their 
Ci/4irion;:;|pf:it becaule (heyoi^rlHitla^^ ;uim>dM) 

^ Tawini>jthH'y^(«Hivcnin)tLD4gib 

' ihdr Fap^^ Bgiajttj an^Sdrf wfire.a)pfa^^^ rfierefoie 
they.m^ed ^iA^rcipitftf^ 

Aey (hQi4l4 c^«»C iafKi E^ripn^x.^Pa^ iVjjp^iraqce be* 

&tethfe]6yif«¥iv^^^^lJW^ ni»^>.!»nd tf 

Ae Syiiod :apfNEoyad tbeur^C^le^ ixug^ be d<:feiw 
isd. UpOT thi$ were tWi(> of tjjc Deputies of Vtri^ 
feot fQ«Ji,:toigi^c themfW#wng:fo^ prpvi^? fprAck 
-preienc^pp^rmice*. In di]^iRp9ia[:wh]I^ tiil /they caoieii 
tte.P(:4ittfi!thQt4ght fity that %h, as in the. foqn^^effi- 
iiB^i^9nk:iMAim^ thc^fpisqaatiofl 

of atfeifaiin Vkm^ (hfliddiii^w do ii;. Herg.'Wfir lit- 
tle tTeli veiled,- Jb^fes-^bat 5W«8^4 the day; be^g, psk- 
fy iome.f^.paity;iil$<r6$.iaS'£^ order OiQuId'^/fallsa* 
to reprefs thia^ioQg»)g^toin<Wr ip niany M^^ of qw- 
iogt^^Pteii: thajt th(^:iQ Qiodd be {10 in)p|F(0ioii of 
the BiUi^ at any . tifiiejvii^ipiijit Jeaye had ; ^ For^igp^Bookt 
hrcMJght'oucpf.'pther Coi|j9t<;i^^{]^d ^nm 
We wtthout pe$%^ ]^vi^:^^r4:h^ri^r|yg[,p^ufe4 
by the,€cnfUr6«s.;KtOie^(eitb?i Gi^uren th^,^??wght . 
tm be trouhfcdf withreadingroQ greitit AciuWo^ of olio-' 
ph)fital&::SD©i£j,ci^^was;.til(}aJbt fit that thfe Bodes 
fl)aiiliifirllJaei^i«fgbt't<^ th^C/g^/, and whaltiK^^r: 
: . .... L.: ' proved 

^^phiv«d ftbtdid.'te brought to tJie Cenfureh , ^c. ^ In tl 
' tneait^hfle the RetSdhfti^is dune, all that A^e^e clt( 
ifcgr JE^ram, tad ^re ndttiiitted mto the SyAod. " tW 

' ^\hM7h9 miJifi hf the 'S/mJ-Roufi a long TdbTeyfei^ as it 

• ^\fim»iplr df^ihy fit it %/tth iHtherto hecfi void^ no Man 
: *^fliting'^dt ' ii'i itrc Cbkitsmd F&rms bH^g fe't^ ihey were 

^^w^d io fit-Jmn. The Ptafis told them, that he had 
'rcmQdckided 4o i^e their Soit (Jt b<ing a little re- 

• Ifntcdi lUlt a Wife the WiB bf tffe Deputies for the States, 
. Aat ^bejr 1 ftdliM cdriie before the Synods and jpropofe 

JtbearCtiii^ tbem(blvcs. £/i/c(?p>nj ftanding up, fpdke to 

.'this <i©d. • '^[f'frft^. l« 'grayed. God to give'a bleffing 

. ^ totk& WfeiaiAgarid to pAur fefto th^lr to'inds fiich eon* 

•^ celi4 -^''teft'lBlttedlWfti^ C6me together for Tuch ends i 

*^thai iie'figiUfedv that accbitlitig to theJr Citation 

- *^ d&jr ^Nferfe ttO^V come itf cbUatiorUni inftituendam^ con* 
3 ^ oeraiigr^tlyit: taule, whidh hidiei'to v/ith a ^cxxl Gon- 
^ ^ fciMel^^ttey&drilalhtflIWd. As for the point of de- 
: "*' IflT^, '.trite it'is««hey l^aii* to the jPrdj/r/ eonecrriing a 

.^ref^tfe uittfil Sattirfiy dr Friday, by rfn of dat 

*^grcit diilrai£ti(jh ^f thfeir'Bbob and r^ms ind want 

. " of ©ShvtJrilbnt L6^ging, birt nbt as a Petition to be 

*';i5e miotr^ fe .to! bdialf untd the Syiiod ; but only as 

A *^'a*thtagWltich duf of ttrtrinion equity they might have 

' ^ prefoffl«l oh Withotit itcquiaihting the Synod with it* 

: **»For they wfeife feady^ t\ren at that prefent to begin 

. *' the bufin^fi A«iy came; fot-, without any further dc* 

^ lay; But this difcy l^ft .to" the Deputies Secular arid 

*^ imdefiiftieal to dctdrtiiWe' o£ Then were jhey re- 

HUfeflJedf to 5l^]Mifli^a^ alltfle into a Chamber near the 

• ;Sj^nodrHbufef \^ftd inintediately was it propofed unto the 
•Syojiai yi^*i\im w^/ta be iet for to begin. The 
I dme ^^n 4mitht iribrro^ after. ^0: Pofy^^ took 

- hbU'of ttaSfe in^drdsji Hd tUtatUmefn^ arid told the Synod, 
tfelt ft was fiC'-tlie ^lemonftrahts were told the end of 

^Aisk * .cotiifeg^ 'And^ dw ' manner of proeeedfeg' Which 

D^d % IhouU 

404 Mr.HaIcsVletfm]fr»mrJbf.?yii4^vD0RT 


ihoulcl be taken with them, that they irii^t know wfaar 
they were to kx)k for, and ib provide. They were to 
be informed^ that they came not to Conference^ nei- 
ther did the Synod profefi diemfelvcs an adv^rfe Party 
againfl them. Confex'ences had been herecofo^ held to 
no purpofe. They oi^ht to have heeded the^ words 
of the. Letters by which tihey Th€y were 
called, not to Conferences but to pr4)po(e;.dinr' Opini- 
ons with their Reafbns, and leave it to the 9fWiA to^ge 
of them. The Synod wou\d ;be a Ju4^e aftd not a rarty • 
Then were they called in again^ and all fhia ^as told 
them. " £/i^^;)wan(wered, that for thfe Word Oi&i/'V he 
ftood not on it, and hoy they woidcl -catty tlitaiielves 
it (hould appear the day fol Wing. . Mcaii. while oiie 
thing th^y would requeft of ^he- Synods that .is, tfa^ 
Grevinchovius and Goulartiui (Hould be lent for to die Sy- 
nod as Patrons of this caule. That the/ had this Jail 
week exhibited a Supf^cation to the Stac^ .General to 
this purpofe, and received this anfwer, that jhey ihoald 
put this matter to the Synod, ^and if the Syood diougfac 
it fit to be granted,they would not be agaiiiA it Neither 
did they propofe this . to feek delays. For they were 
ready, whilft thefe Men (hould be Itent for to proceed to 
the a£iiori. Only they thought fit, that to maintala 
their cau(e they (hould be lent for, who could beft do 
it. Then were they again ^iftiift.- and one was lent 
to them, ro call for their Application to the Lords, 
and the Lords Anlwer. To tUs they v returned , 
that' the Lords gave this anlwer, not in writing, 
but by word of mouth: and for the Copy of their Sup- 
plication, they called not for it any more. Then was 
the thing propoled unto the Synod, and the Secular De- 
puties replyed, that they would return thek anlwer on 
the ^morrow : and the fcme was the anlwer of the Sy- 
nod;'^ Mr. Prafis thought that Grtmndiovm might be 
adaiitted, falvis cenjuris EGclefiafiioisi yet OOtwidx&Kid- 



h fie l(.tJcmurMe Sr. D.dailton L. Bmbaffkihr. 405^ 

lag he thought good to acqimjnt the Synod with the 
quality of this Man, and thereupon he produced the A61 
of die Provindal Synod, of Sduth-HoUmdj wherein it is 
was vHttiefl&d) that the Syn6dy becaufe he did refufe to 
appear when they ated him^ and becaufe of many BlaP 
phemiesinr his Book, and of matiy reproachful Speeches 
againfi: thd MagHlrates and againft the Mlniders, had 
fufpended him ab omni munure Eeckfii^ico. From this 
6rewncba^iui had hot appealed CO the National Synod to 
do what they thought fit- Then mre the Remonftrants 
again called iik^ and it was fi^ified unto them, that on 
the nyMTDW they (hould ^ndei^and the will of the 
Sytfxid conccriring their motion made, and fo'wet« they' 
again dfmi^^ and thp Se0ion ended,- the Prafei having 
fidl premiied, that all other thin^ yei depeintfig, as 
the Decree cohceniung the Pt^onamesy together with the 
Remedies a>neeniing theabirfes in Priming, Md what 
cUe fiever/nsuft: bjcr deferredf^and. the bufind& In^ hand 
akme atoeaJdod; '^^ ■.>:•'. 

': ' My Lord JSSfhbp t^as defirous that M. Carlfm {hould' 
ftay this ^^rv^tb <fee the obming of the > Remonftrants.' 
Ilwould iiareiliad thim ftay to mon^w likewift, 4^t he 
ibig^t have 'ie»k the manner t>f proceeding with them,' 
but he wouU not. Here is/a Speech that Scuttefus is to- 
biake tiie: mext Latin Sermoaj^but wh^ we'kudw: 
not ThcreSsanimor iJiar^^^i^-is: gone from Ttr-- 
^w&i ,but, of this I&ppoie your Honour may have .bet* 
ter information than I can give ; therefore ceafitig toi 
inouble your .Honour any bnger I humbly take my 
kave. %•..•■'.;" . . 

Dort /Ai/ (J. qf Novemb. v • TwJjn^psChafUin^. 

^€l%.sSiyhfKm andboimdmin all Dutjf 

x> ^ . Jo, Hales. 

Dd J mghf 

^bt ffqnpurjj^k^ n^ verj iyii JUrif 

IN my l^& iMXen xo ywr Honour^ I ifd*td'* <l6ute 
oonc^niing ijie EtepUtjfcs for die Reiboftftnints: ct 
Vtr^kt i whether they were to be a part, c^* die Syaod^ 
. QT in thf aumberof thfi {leiiK>nftrac^: vho( were ci«^ 
tp s^Jpear b^&«c the Syood, . The reafeos cf tfabt doiibt^ 
^hicb th^l I imderftood not, were thefe. JFirlH hccaufii 
in their Ctfdential Letten they nfiere durged u> defisnii 
tihecavfe. q£ d^ RemonArafitsi. Now it c?oUki not be 
that thpy AoUldbf^ bQHh Pofeodantu uA }^3&B^ ia tha 
&xc^ts»»% SecQodlyfliit waaobjei^ed ihatvdietr caics 
W^8;?hfi ftnw ^ P«?^V» wida Spifio^mi wfafe waar txy have 
been of tb^ Synpdy tf he would have brougfat'fais Gre^ 
^entjal Jbrrierl^ l^tbereftcf theProfeiIbt^.ito:e. But 
he refill j^ b^ufe. to ifaft Retnonftianti Gai^hfi wak 
tQ t>e 4/pftr;;y, except .he Litodd have bud 1^ the deftmco 
of^tiCaUig,. Tbitdly^idv^ the'cpi^ItiQciwaf of cu^ 
^i»^ the Remonftrants out of >each Province^ ic was theis 
'<)$]^(^ded in the Synods ith^ om of the I^tiiKtf of 
%^tr^QifA now {hoM be tpitedto appear^ ibe^sfiife 06 ttnit 
^T0Yi^ there were ikoe .alh^}r(:haiiJ'jtfadrefbiie 
^^ iiiperifluoys to cite: any more. ; £1 dtti judgflbent 
th^ Syjaod thorefoBe tliey iwerett^lioinefft UuiaMm> as 
faraft'CQpceroed diat caulfi^ifimd^noii iol tbei namber of 
the'^Members of thei&yp^. ;, lUncor tfaele Rea&xis w^ce 
they. charged w.pvicl&m>,^v£wtt]upQh'S4^^ 
then to reiolve ilvhether; they would foi&be the wokk 0^ 
ti^eir jCredenttal Letter^ aodiQ,reinsdD^Judge% or elfi 
ftand unto them, and become in the number of the^ 
cifati. Wherefore upon Saturda;^ the %tb. of December^ 
fyio fmd^ .The Syood being met in the Morrang, the 
JDeputies foE ReAkmftrants gave up their. Ai^iwtt infcri-' 
td to theft. Re41ons/ And to the firlt, concerning die 
Claufe in their Credential Letters, they anfwered, that 
they were not io limited, but that in their private in-* 
\ r ' inibuiSJons 

bM^ but *itftbi!y iy|ht>«i6#'^dj«nfelt«» w^ 

of4he««m«l^krtnttintKl y«?it; » Judges, ^firioe: thejr 
«^ Aw^to'Sc^df Aeih^JpJBfoft no dtfeer^fe ' thatf 

tkfflfeW-^f W*t fftirKerf^W tabcjfte-C^li, andt» 

4i«t«fishrJUSto ^Ste 'w^fchtfey-'^rctendeA TIW fl^ 
a^ttde-w^fr to Wk»8"fo*^! their idfthi^i^, wat at 

^'«Ik> was (led <;^dt^'^ 



9x4 not Off Doftrinr. In dbeend it wg» c<HicMi^ h 
flK» left to his oi^a DiSae&vk^ to do M kt'thq/ti^ 
good. By Ibis time were the ReqgKmftrants of .^Nra&r 
^cad^fs^flici!? their InftniiStigm ^hiditheyih^^ ,q?0n- 
ly prodiK^d, bat to no parpolp jualL For all tbf^yfio^ 
fliew w«3 tbis^ that they had ComxniSiofi tf^ldfth^ 
d^jcif Cauie, or to labour 4tleaft4f>r an acootn^ipdatian 
ortol^fatjon of I|: : but ^t th^ had ^pt^^ t^ipo^ 
nounce 4«itiy^ d? ^JV4^ im.js^if^, Jfpfy^^'^ d)ac 
did not as yet appear* - The tWi^ i^ws^-aifV- 
cd with . mucti aken^pn tm bo^ojfi^eA^ .^^ 
length it \pas agreed with '^m^ rclu^jiai^jjy: m:^ h^^ 
cqoni^ts ?»rty^ that it (Ibouid be p^t to dK^t^jpa^l* 
Qn qf tbc§yix)4 whether tjieyi wcr? to be a<3Cf)u»tedl 
as Judges, or only as cu4h: S&m^ fifvOuraUy t^cH^ht 
that thrirvpriyate InftruStions Were not t^Q nari)OwljK 
10 \k M^ but jf thpy "wpyH Ji», /pwft/t : t^fap 
theC^tl^ it (l|ould be fgi|^a)t«^ .Qt^ thought, that 
anOadi wo^ a[|P'eat(er nu^et jh$i^ flicnild' Co^iparily b^ pei;-t 
mitted, although Mai did .{^er jlp.tal*' lifcthcift being- 
(o good cauie of doubt^/^a^ i|9\^ there <i)i^<f ^9rhaS 
examimng there Credtnti^l t^ttet^ ^mia^ ^^f^^' of 
dieirpriv^ Commii&mandv£tn#ig;iy^^ gh 

iren thcrartp^ define J^.fidfyifffpfUenfM ^ ij ft^ia|$pai: 
io be fej^^ [aii4 that th^lpy^ i3«Mnt ih^y;»vli4^ 
UOt<?» W-a^ra ?5ji?r4ri4ii^ : C9i^ dJcjf.cpi^d tjp. m <^t 
ihad (?/^4ftV L^s; for their t^Sj%[ th^. diey ^|gf; »;d^ 
fend their OTJbionno otbe{wifo.i;bapf tfce Qo^p^j^^fliQli- 
ftrantsdidl fof thcii^ k^^iHQ$.fsj^ed>^, ■f^&\:^\:^'y'M 
the Sraod wrong, to mak^ ^Ms lUftin^ic^ ^/g^tHfll-Rer 
inonfti^ti and Remoi;i%^|i^>V:^^ in th^iJ^riiRd.ihOPe 
wa^ np CpntTa-Renv^^ ^ no lyiap w^fi^l^ 
thcr wider, tl^^t Nam^ 'Whgrgj;s:|hej in^thek ■:l^^^ 
jcame under, tlie name of ;][l.fcnon(|rants. . -l^gsjq^ r:AC!^ 
^an came; with charge to ddEq^ any opinjQfH:'bu|'W^re 
;frce to pronounce acwrdiijt<j.,Tfrv«h. w\^^%i\\ 

* ' • - fljould 

♦,• ■:■■. u 

A0id4 4fft vAjS/Al wWtb: wi not their rafe. In tKe end 
the Judgement of the Synod was giizfen up, 1 dhat the/ ' 
coi^nbt iie^of th6 Members of the Syood h^ this oiu^ 
f ftiS ritt sMjJr; lotfaqr djcf jm^t) but only as cifti^*. Yet > 
xuilW^Utei^ oi^ht lee d)e equity of the Sy* ^ 

n0dflpWiMr4'thra}; it«^ peniiittcd keep their J 
pl^ipff ^^ tte£ O4)dsdon»: firft if :they; would quit • 
their pj^ifp? of the-Ca^fe ;; ScoondljF if tfacy would-: 
gm^^M¥*<^ ^ !PQUi4H dired:ly on tndtro^ to )tiLC 
c^i:fa$AoW rtP ioean$t5ieddlc with lidir in their I 
caufe,v Th«WIy, that tb^y. did not di^u^eaay of the 
-^^^WdjJW^'of'.thc Synpd,iwbi€hCkufeiras. ameer i 
F|^ii;f9U^>rvl?^whOGan;^3^^ that thafi (bould not^' 
lli^ij^^^., which. i^vdfM^ia the fight :of fe :iaany : 
%)B^a|^:?:) Fpwhly#: ^ th^y (hduldjwit he tfcuhi 
hic|gH^e,to:lie53mody :by any intempel^ ' 

Tldisif thejF, would "pipfiife, they flioiid take the Oath, ; 
and £t as Judges } otherwiie,not< , Unto this vwere they i: 
charged immediately to give their anfwer.- They again 
ipquiK9d^r#it6» ItwiQ^nfwered^tjttC^i^i'equeft.Wa^^ 
lieejl(^ih^.(;s(fe Jte^ and iiyijriQiui to ^ S^^ 

iy)d$\d^ining them from their Bufineis by frivolous 
de lays. Th ey perfi fting IHll in their Suit, the thin g a- 
gam was devblvcdTunto the Synod, whether they ffi^H^ 
give their Anlwer prg^ly, orhaye. Hmher. recite. Jt 
fl^as concluded that mey fliouTd repair to Mr. Pr^^Ahe 
faiiie ^.ai^tre^aqlodk^in^'^^i^ 
fiblkc dek^' ]7oqQ%rt«i4eHvfer their Re&lt]t]on.Whi^ 
dufl^y«l|^y did not ■/. Tobppikmt m^^sd > at the tinusi 1 
api^ifatyio, hue iga#0/tf(l' BLe£)}utibn, ndthcb yet havi^'> 
crnie^jfoTi i|Eiy. thtng^Kcanhear. Andi'iHis was all ^ 
ma doM^ t^e Seffioa/ rlmiin^, inilch' that the Pro- \ 
vincrdf &.trecbt^hiemgAt&Kogih of theRemonibants, 
{puMBAd oo(nrUer Mti| to ibahdle rtjheir Caufe. For as .^ 
tfaijr jdid yfarjriGK^^ ial hcwrayiig , difcir private in- 
f^mi^fA^ ^h-Mtsi^dMitea^c^ fpeak 

• ^'^ .'! ' ■' "■ ^ ••""■ \ one- 

c^ wUe word. This Seffioit Had RmotAmA I^ * 
were deed oppcsated not at alL > \ > 

, BfifiofoB h reported to hzvt put a tAk \jpm ^thcSe* 
Oiburs. For whereas m hii %e^ he hdl f^ feiM 
thmg803nc»itiftDg them, ill th^Ck^jn wbkli Wttt^ exbi^ 
bitd^ figned widi all thctf Hmlas, there isf>fH» fii^ 
tUoip appeers. He had coitimitiKd itobl^ tc^HjirMe^ 
nto^f lis foteferin^ the Copy mtght be calkd fi>p: - 
r Mn P^i^'^Hmeoibdrs ys liok^e and Service t^y^vtt 
L0rdihipi and&&tH4sAt you t Copy of the iSoki wyeti ' 
AAimSntomius dedicttt^ td tii^ SViiod. . The^ kr^^^i 
iK^li for ong^iI^)erceii^ IS, ih« k- iidedl^fedtA^ 
tbe .^yocMi :)i for'eUii there i^ Hftfe' that «oncerQ6t^'^'^i^'j 

of Lapetkhwoe/ : but Jf Wa^all the' 'Afgumcht^ ^of tfife 
Scfiioa I{ti5Dw;/t^ ipftof^sivtit W6. iball te^ve ^hftf iittn^ 
n^iof flaaffiiiAddfoceJifHigto trdltfc youi* iidrAlite 

I bumUy^kciifty feare. - /'v'r,i'> *, T^-i' F 

1... • " 1* A. .':''■;■ JJ * ..i " ^:;^ "? \ ;. . - 'iV.'. 'u -.'j'lyi' > 

Ihri^ this i^/»/ <I^e^tx ' - • i> 29i^ Himifitr^ki^m^ 

.. , ^ ,J C.,..J f J ;.» ».4Ji ^.11 . -• J .». .*^iM»k.t^ 

^^Uim>ia^yrri^hety':gMi LarL - . ••' fa'"'' '' "r. 

l^' > * \ ii \ X . .i ' '. * I ' . . • .i- ; ' . uJi..: .• '-J . -i <»r 

^N-Ated^jr.ibt.ioft;^ iof r i|]i^<^^ ^t 

Dcpiitkts; ihec Mk the Moriv^^ wbev^ ti^o^itft^^ 
thing detefsiiieidyriwas diisrqildftioa as^/yet ^dtpi^jK^ii^i 
concehuQgdKiltcmqnikaQtsof f/rrcofo. !l%iey, hadivajS^: 
ccirdiag. tatheirtupj^intment cosid t? die i^p^EiiuGkd'^^^ 
/f^j to give tiieir Anfmr,^ was n^eetij^t ilkho^i 

Oixitaining tfa^^^aiiifwen: to iAddif&£m »^ '^yoo^*' 
onthe Saturday Seffion had BraOght to pcoM ^dMtti in> 
the number ^f the ClMi, B^qr^ hivt^i ^MeY ' betfaioughc 
themifdwi uoicfadif J^^ Mornii^ 

4 <(a(]t IBuptaiA^ Sell CaaAosa L.MaAalfkJkr. '^tt 

'j»iid fi» ac^<4» ^mfilvto tp; tbe bdti^r Retelinfti^ifib 

-l^ed.bjK WfibmonftUlflts li^ B^m '? and be«it)le 
il iedned to aa)»mCig{X)ieVdS^(i^ the ^^fi<^ 

Jbfari^ wa$ qudUoii ihadetri^ fiididcl Be 

,ptd4ickiy r^^ ^ fbm^i: bub ii|ib taocfeii died^^ ikai 

iflimldbeputiniMuJKloftfat efadf'^^^^ 'mi 

., ^ jAejUsbiWrifery __ . _^ , 

it9f|<» ifi^; afkl ndoDe^' dcit fiHlec]^«^=^ft/ thejr Wd {[M- 
.vt^jttrtaibr&nfida^ hottdj vPhenlBg^ir 

j^ aipuld W calUd b6r^>.miii:^ii(|a(^ ihk Wo^r >^8 

Jf^twielt ^ihdbiiiie!toldfhio3 io v^iv^d '^nfeiti^ie^ iiA 
(liieAcBloi^hiaatfe tSispfMtssiukegiM ^^"W^Mm^eti 

J^fii^nftratis fdJbUfik^iMdofiDU^ifll^i^ 

«d€^i^9 111 pKet^cfiogi&em&Hies t^^ lii^^ W^on^ ^£^ 

rtb^lV' apd:io'dcWrei&ig^ up a bidc(^ (Dbpj^v Tha^^ffie 
Hod ^f tlMrif IjmgGinrantfli^th^^ P^^^tS® 
way OOP timig fann urg^f>mdwbtrp«ii^ecefia^ !l^ 
RemonfttRnb .had gi^n^ op^ fas I- fioM y<6w lloi^j 
tbeit'^vsfch^j^ed ^ik|ch.all.di4^ li(nidl&.- Wben rhoK'bf 
Vtrcak h^d ps/kicA.ikta^id^ wtete 

iirged tDfrntta their ^stp^^ aU& ^ to whid) theyxepM- 
^ ^■' -^ ' " • /^ ' • ^ 

41 » Mr.IbkisLiiUrifrmtieSjmoi^DORT 

^ pip ^ejr hadnot as.yiet resd tL Here tpifcepim took ob- 
. cqiupci to dear bSmfelf of thkt ImpaeitbQ lately kilned 
iMpdnlfajiOy that be had abufed die Dl^gates, ingiiEring 
: them a ' counteffeit ' Copy of his: Spesch: protefting 
^ }i^ ^Xfl^s not fi> JU quallitied, as diat ia fa great a matter, 
j9X^ tjb^t bofoi^ God iod & grave ai Gxlgregation he 
.iiiiio«;dd 4eal dquisjy^ adddiflxneftly : :that he never ^ 

firme4 that. be:h9doQe only Copy,biitdiat heliad tiolic 
, ffur|y*writt^ ; foe he cooteft he had abodier^ anddiat 
: thp reaion why herdqvefled ei&cr the iame Copy agiuti^ 
^jwqjM^ Ic^ft a .Tcanfedpc of tt, :was, l^ecaufe there was 
Siak6!&^x^^ tbeyiidd 

^jQOty^ perfe^y.p^picod diein together. The Pr^i^s 
.altered, dut.'liliia^^lV^ their charge, w» 

,' ;B^jng elie UK^latlwUididieSiirood verily underflood to 
.i^ebe^ die Metnories 

kJ^I^^ they W6idd 

;aU>09fifirm it. AJbw&this was:dkq« tibeffr to have* beea 
. iome ajbtercs^ti9ri ^^^ but tfaer ^fxxAsiX Trafis willed 

th^ to leave' j^j, < and Ipafi^ to their Bi&id&. 
fHerf^%iJ/^^/iMrbQ^^tft^^ tiave 

. le;aye to %e^ ip^oe t&b^ Mf wtiyi'oEl Broeme e'K diey 
jca^e to );be A^l0Q«y:It{Wa8 lat fi^.ileme(i him ^ but be . 
^dicl;^ fsuri^^^kiti^ diat at kogdi * he had leate to 
.IJ^icifk his.]^^^ S> f or^himh tSaere was nd 

. i^mt94 Zi loqg axjd/^edioitt %gtciikif£ two hours, at the 

:ls^,:;confi(tji3gQfit^.gefaenil,Hea^ Firfl ofr:^ 

c^dqns they jiad agaioQ: the vSyiiodr^ltej^^ inj^eah 
Jimti^ffnfem: 1 3ec<wIyof aooQOB&!:i>£^heirowh, Wfa^t 
«inaiiaer (^ Syi^ dif y diought fit ^ ihould be, which 
rUTias. 'to compo6 thefe'ControverficS iff. hand. Their 
. jie^ns c( Exceptions 'were many, and inamfbldly am- 
iplifiedan^confiiWi: biit amongft. tfaeihall there were 

two ei^ed^lly iofifted upon. Fnj9, it was asamfii-aH 
.Equity void Na^retbat the adverie -Party, ihould be 
Jwdgc: theSjwid ;wa5 here the adwrfe Party, and 


' fr#iBfJtHbiMif4ferSr.D.CarIcon,£.£i^^ 41^ 

Acrrffard they could ndt be Judges; Scamdly, tHpfe 
who had made an open (chifm and fa<9ion iii die Churcl^ 
and had leparated theix£lve$ firdm their Brethren, €adlA 
not be their Jftidgcs: but of ^this Syrud a great part 
Were Authors oF fehifin, and the i%ft Favourers add ' Ai> 
betters of it .• they could not therefore be theft- Judges; 
In the Proiecution of Which Reaibn rfitjr did not 9^^ 
vay libtodly to beftbw oii the Symi^ name of Schif 
mmei (0 Novat^ns^ and Sehijnuuum FauhreSy aind othef 
goodfy tides of theianie Nature. Thcfecond part^ 
thdr Oration Was ameer Chinutra Jiiiimr in vncuo^i a 
^nge fancy of fiidi a Symi as never was, nor tzk 
be. I had thought to havetakefi.\9n abftra<9: of it., bdt 
the tediou^ls of it deterred me. I will give your Ho* 
npur.a tzfte of two of it. There were but two ways <^f 
inftituting a Synod for the ending of theie quarreSs. T^ 
firft was, by lee^g out evciy where certainieleA Men, 
Whoallthis time of €ontenition had taken part with nei- 
ther fide J but kept themielves unpsutiaL Secondly, if 
zSymd of fuch codd not be found fas I think it could 
icarcely be found in the I^/i6tfr/4ff^3 though the Sua it 
filf moidd (eek it) then SxkzSjmd fbomd be framed, 
as in which ihould be an equal number of both P^rtie% 
each with thdr ieveral Prafis and Affejfcrs ; and they 
Ihould debate the matter betwUt themielves : and if 
they coukl not agree, fas it k likely they would not) 
what then, thought I? (hall they part as they came? 
No forlooth. The Civil- Magiftrate, tanquam Deus i m^ 
chin4j he muft come in, and prdcribe the Mulmmen 
from which neither Party mtift appeal. Presided always 
that he lsdx)ured only for Aecommodation, and not to 
determine ^ecifivdy for one fart, KaT s)«7 i$«f p»(ft&A^. 
AnJfi lamikf. Of the &me threefl Was the whold piect 
of theif (peech. AVhien they had well and droughj^ . 
wearied dieir AuditDiry, they did that which we 
much defiled 9 diey nude an eod« The Af^.i made 

^axix hcjt k not ycc ft timeto diicufiJu; iyfae« k ftiouU 
jEi) the $rW jbema^e pitb whfit M beea th^r^cfefe 
«d I>o£Mne ^t the Qiurdv daeq it->^ould al)peiu! whi0 
xkey were that had qudd , ficdSon jB^ it| aod fo wexe 
gfjSkfi of SchiiEpflL If; you reftije ue^ becduie we ar? ywt 
ttdm(ari€% ^bom would JOQ We dqputed as Judges f 
jrouir felveiy 0f^t^jfilh^qtt\ie4H4k^fp^^ or ifhi^li^iB* 
^^r^i, or iome, other Fadioain ^& Geiiqlri^ ? Let 
IS be SchififkiiieSf let us be ^kls.taA Pbdrifeei^ mk 
^Qitft yet you ipajr apt deny tjsm SpimJ to bfe a bw6ij 
j^i. For &ft it was dooeby :^ Civil Mag^iftmttf^ 
who. had Authori^ to do it# Seopfldly^ S^ us wtste 
tbere were deputed by the c^oid^t d£ thf Pmvimds. 
Tk^eJ^f ;il^y.hadall takM dseif.Oadi^ to ju^iip« 
dj^tly. This ts 'cTipu^ 1S9 01^, us yottr Judges^ tedT 
99aiftKKi ChlBixkf 4bpald fiu4» you td hope >ye wo^ 
}uG|g^:Upr^ : a(. jb^ft it (hould nia)ce you ttSAv^ thuf 
tkt^ !^ we (hoj^ decide truly,r 7^ WPjtdd tid^icribe ^o^ . 
it^ if odiefWt^ you wMld pati^^y b^ur it. If you wercf 
til eux* plfttie% i&. deputed, fo fiirc^; add We Were to be 
)lx^ bjr y6ij, #e were to do lEfae lik^. Here fofloWted 
iofiseWr^^ng^t^ do gitat purp^; «tad fc ^ Sefiioa 
«adcd. I 

The.&ne4ay after dtftoertlie Deputies infet ag|aia ( 
wfafre the Prtrfis cofmfieiided to the ^npd the coni^ertt* 
tipQ of that reproachful Name of Sgbififi ^ which the 
IlQtnonftrants did fo opeidy aitd (o oftcobrand cheiQ wide 
For k'wu ^ifc^fAiihkfdbkiriiiptat^^ theSy^oi 

rwas ^ eidier Schitbaties or J^voWeis of them , auil 
$&erefoiisoou|d dot be their Judg^ ' It was ikiu^ th^t 

iV CO d]^t boldne^ as' that opf^y th^ 
SynoAf the Seeiditcs, the chttf Ma^- 
ftiW^ yea^the ,R^<^ of Or^i^ei tlimicyy Schtfinfltia^ 
f'^f what • had f)nt)eiii;ly btoi do«e tftj.^e aiattirof S^ 

$S^niUid iifiSQh <£ . the Chticdies, wte doois by. l^tr 
^ conieat 

t§ihfi^ MjnmdleSr. D. Carlton L. Buk^alor] 4^ f 

• ■ 

. mofsxiic 19^^ appmjbafic^ : H^ reqw'd t:l^er^i« the 
^yjx^^djql^er.tbe^ be; done. £%74r9 

] ^l^b di^is^y i iL)f4Ri4^ of- Sm^/i^^Ni^ rdatlfig die iBmy 
o^|w];u^':h^becn done^-.die dm€ of ^eparatiop, ql^s^ 
tbm^.oF.Schifiiij a»i fliew^ firft, that the; name of 

' Scfiiim was^uled cndftUf b^ them;' asfbr.a-.ReproacI^Jo 
Ukcwik for a fiirther end they had for thend^es. ^pt 
a Schi$n. is only a bicacb ctf Cfaarky and Peace of idie 
ClHirch, die Doftrine rcroi^iftg entire. If there i$Fef-e 
aieparado0 by na&a x^Po^ine Hisretical (as here 
he d)9Mght thel^ was/ Jt w^ not t^ be called a Sd^. 
No^ t^; Ipsoienftranrat d^d: tber^ore uf^ the n^me <yf 

dififes^qpN WAS* orlly ip c0ttain ^points indi&re^r, in whish 
it jKQ^fc^ Ddi: whi^ end Went forw^d^ bj^^^iis means 
tf^jifvUn^ their way <ipeti to a ToUmi^tu ^^i^aiii^ the 
%4r^|i Whidi wad made» was nsade upon gdod Rea* 
iai).F(7r they wi^e/orq^d m(o ^t by the Remombrants ?i« 
olr^p^Cd^ iq-pail^cular bedid Ihew. At length he and tibo 
,r^:^d)f %nofd c0ncluded^.th|it ^y fboi44 tousdly be 
pmi in. )nit)d of their dut^t: and to tmk moi^ 're(pe^¥9- 
lx>:$Q:tb^. S^IkkL Upon thi% the Remonftrants beiog 
»}Wd.i%:lthf^'lV4/?jr figpifediWhat the Syno4 diflifced 
in tj^tm Mi what Bditavjoiir k t:qpe£ted a^ ^^ haadb: 
^d .witjbat willed them to attepd the jDepree of * the 
5Q^q^x Bfi^im would hive anf^ered, b^t he Was 
prohibited. Then imiqediktely followed a Decree of 
the States to this purpofe s That whereas the Remoa^ 
ftrai|fB:had hitherto made miny dilator^ Anfwt&is^ to.tfap 
injury bofh of tbe^ Eoclefiaftics and Seculars, it was de« 
creed ^y . them , that they (hould lay by aU frivolous^ 
Exceptiom and <tilatory Aniwers, and forthwith proceed 
f6 .&t; ^^WP ^Ir Mind .concernkig the Fpoe Jxtkks^ , for 
whii|^>^ they Were/;Oine toget^. Then began E^ 
fifr/ffstfjppitfge hiniielf^ and dedare, that in the iiiiputar 
cipn9iSc^m9tb€grii^ud^ the SecMlar%. tihey bo^ 
, / ^" ^- •'- \f 

'415 M* Hales^s Leners fhm $be SjmJ^ iJOftT* 

I7 charged tte6^1e(ia(li<si-fi^ tf the 8<!dBlaR ilia^ il 
^ handin it, they medlcdTioc ^xfldi thati ^ The Fntlh tug- 
ged theifl to g^i^e their Airif^jlrisi^^or ii6^;wtk]ld 
6c down their Minds oohcisrml^ the Pt>iiitt in oonbt>- 
Verfit^; they ftill excepted, tha^tMSyhbd w^' not iltmt 
competent Judges. The Pr^es asked h^ whom iIm/ 
' would be jixlgfed ? they refplied, they Would not anfwei' 
' diis it Was (undent that the Sytiod WM tfot be^ ^thrir 
Judg^ They iverfc frlfW to remembcir thiy Werls' c^«. 
/4iy 1l)dy f ^iki, CiMtmn tfl ^xe^ede i((m^$mik jk- 
Jici.: The Pr^ySi of the Se&dJbswIl^ 
b« that they w^re SubjeflVf they rejjied^ this Migt- 
• ibate could not ooMmand dielf Goniciencto .« Bemg a- 
' gain willed to give theltr Anfw^^ Whether df m they 
Would exhibit' thdr Min& tottiemii^ the Fm 
they required firil td ha^ <dtfiir EafioeMdons adfwtiped; 
when no other Aoiwer wolild be ^ivttijmf difthift them, 
and appointed diat ofthe Synod two fliould be thdfiiiD^ 
legates, who (hould immediately go to theoiy asK^intbe 
nameof theSynod warn them to lay by all o^er Ai^Wen^ 
and at the next Stffim categorically ani^er, whelhfcf thejr 
would exhibit their Miilds eoncieniing the Points Jo 
troyer(iey or no j that £> the l^pwd td^ 
they had to do ; and £> they brake up : thi^ Morning 
therefore We look what will be done. Arid fe for thii 
time I hmnbly lake my leave) commending your Ho^ 
Hour to God's good Prote£tioa 

Dcrt^ IT Decemb. . Tmrtimm$ Chaplain^ md 


Of die Remonftrants of Vtftch^ two only haVe joyn^ 
^emielves to the Citati y the third, which is aft' £kier^ . 
profefie&to fubmit himfelf to the Jqdgment of the Sfrnd^ 
U they^ (ball decide acitording xo h^ Coi^ienec j and 


h ihei^tJomurM Sr. D. C?e^±.' BnAiffkin. r4r7 

inid ^t if U fdcafe the ^^ t^ gt^e him: his Oaath, lue i9 
Jhewly to Jti4g0 nehher as- a I^nlQuftraik nor ;Cbntnt- 

iwi him dift .Thi& id the ^itoi wi 

' I 

\J' aiid jEtopedtbo aiacis, 'ailccnrding to die/" dufto4, 

. ^f w)m Istfd paft m the fornaer^ &^ tfaei R«mo«ftrtKits 

b^9g ca^fid; inii n^ere askr,) lisrhetlier 00 no tHeJT'lmd fo 

i 4<Wil in vesting tfaeir djrinkm. ifioncsnmg tftie Pit^ ^3^ 

I |iol9; FotthwSl they exbibtttd td this Sjimdslkii^ Op^ 

I ^0 ^ubferibea^ with aU diibir Hands. The Cbpjr of 

. ^^ jFOUr I!49iid0)f|^ flaaU rfiOfih^e faem withUh^Leffieris. 

T^ P^p^ hdbgiead,. th^ Ph^ ^ askt^ them ^ one by 

-i>99^ Wbmfcrrdm iiMre .thbiir^Ppifiipn, tid i^ich-eiK^K 

-^W> 90l9^ehidiaflExolBtfad^. ^ ¥ht RemoAftr^tt/ heidg 

li^k^ d» ;ft:^/ ^tepofidtto'ldid iPewoi , v^thetr it . 

.W^ nar^.fibtf'iiiq^ fliduld.fae &dt for one by ene^txl 

iippMob^ifeiglT' tsiiCQD^^ tber T^nenr. ^His Rea« 

■ jGbri 19(^119^: be<ii^ -he iuuiisrm)ad th^t diey Vnidc%enfl* 
. j^htTies mAft^'^jmd'f andiiad among thedi^lvSes^ord^iiiied 

^JMf^hf!VP hSbS^t^ t<6''^i6 fork) 

0f {h$ j^riie^^ atvljlb d^oy did* ail^things 6mkiu)%i'tmfinjk^ 
X^t ali^:t$yiWr. To iM^ feme- an^i^d)' tbit they 

■ d^$W^tit.&9 .finp^ that^iiqiVe only ftotikTbe frngled 
f^ wj^<i44efcl! lebrrtfid awayi KxrkhJre^ea£^ to their Cdmpo- 
:iy* ^./tf Ihcgfi Wjere alinp^TOUId rfikik a«d'dQ other* ^ 
j1^^ i<)th9ta ll^g^ fit uttedy unfit, ^>teau(^^ it might * 
j^e|9.f/ef^'#ri^^^ ^ a trick, M^hereas 
it heft b^^^tiaef^ tx> do ttf things c/rm&V^ & fyn- 
pirii ijrhcr? isrritild hare nd-^ man examined alone, but 

I ^ v^sifiilie:rril iTveby j odi^raleft it' to ihe jpdgmenc 
' ^ Ec , of 


4i8 Mt.ihksVUttersfiom th SjmJ if TXyRT 

of the Pnefisj to do as he thought good when occafkn 
• fared ; which laft lentence, as it ieenved, ftood good. 
After dui^ there was a general Excqpdon againtt tfae 
ilianner in which diey had propoied their (entSence j that 
tfaej had done it "^confiui j diJiroBi & otfiuri ; that they 
bad intermingled things^ impertinent and beloiigingto q- 
ther Queftions} that the moft of their Propoiak were 
Negatives^ what they did not hold, and not Affirmatives 
what they did j whereas their appcaraiice tfiere was to 
.(hew what they &d hold. Dot what they did not hokL 
.And it was di£o¥ered that this their proceeding by Nc« 
gattre3t w^ that they mi^ take ocodfions to refute b- 
ther Of^oions, and not tor confirm their own ; wheieas 
by ^ tkoret cf the States they were called thidier tit 
SefttetiHam SV AM diluciJij ferjfiasij &c. exfcmrem & 
^flfttdmnt, J not that they {houldx>ppugn otbo^ That 
It Iwd b^en. jtheir Guftom very libendly to exanune other 
n)enS{ C^imons and to be fparing iq cof£rming thdr 
own./Il}at if they did refidc to <Kal more plainly ioex- ' 
pouhc^ their Mipd, the Synod ihould take^ (Htler that 
the flajte of the Qpdlion ihould be taken out of thdr 
BoQk% efpecially out of thd Hi^ Conference, and fo 
they &ould be quefUcmed whether they would ftand to 
kortio} that they did maintain amdi^;fl: them an im- 
plicit Faith, and it was ufiial with ibme of them, when 
•they were preft with any Reaion they couU not put by, 
to anfwer^^that diough themielves couki fay little to icy 
yet iiich and fuch could iay much, whidi was enough 
for them. Wheh'all had fpoken their pleafiire,the Onclu- 
Con of the Sjmod^irzs^ that they muft reform the manner 
of propounding their Mind j that they muft give up their 
Anlwer in Afl&matives, as mudi as was poflSble ; that 
this Form of Anfwer was not according to the Decree 
of the States ; and this was the cScSt ofthat SeJjli(mL 

On Friday ^otDecemk. there was a (hort Seffion in the 
Morning. The Matter propounded was, whether it were 

, ■ r, 1 

h the ft Hmurabk Snp.Oirlton^L. Bmhaffador. . 410 

fior fit that the Remonftrants Ihould be required to give 
Up their Mfadsc»nceraing all the Five Points, before the 
iS^Moi proceeded to examine or detenxiine any thing. The 
lealbn was, the connexion of ;he Points itiutually one 
with another : for which caiife it was hard to determine 
on^ except their Mind u\ the reft were known. The 
Secular Lords and the Spwi liked Well of the Pr6pfiL 
"tibofe of Geneva diought it bed to take their^Opinidns out 
of their Books : to which tke Prafis sin{wcr*d.j that it 
could not be, ibecaufe they were called thither by their 
Citatory Letters to propofe and defend their owh Opini.- 
ons. That they could not complain of the Sjnod^fot cal- 
ling on them diusat ohce to deliver thenifelves : For the 
Sjmd doubts not that they . >^ere provided, fince them- 
ielves had long finoe given it out in ^ their Books iind pri- ^ 
vate Speeches tliat they were provided. The Remon- 
ftrants then being called in, were told that It was the 
determination oF £e SptoJ^ that they (hould deliver their 
Opinions at oqce concerning the Five Points J ahd fof 
thisriiey had given them time till Mmdajf ; for this would 
wove better for the Synod .^xiA for themfelves. Thert 
that they fliduld deliver themfelves in Affirmatives sis much 
as pojffibly might be: For by their Negatives they 
delivered not their own Opinions, but diverted upoii o- 
thers. The Confcffions and Creeds had aI\Vays been 
framed by Affirmatives ; thus or thus We do believe ; 
riot by Negatives. To this they replied, AHendethm ad 
ta qm a Domino Prafide diBdfiniy(§ confiderdbimus. Then 
did the Prafes fignilie that on the Moi'row there fliould 
be a Latin Sermon in the Synod'Hoi{fe. Scukctus is the 
man that makes it. And this Lj the EfFe£t of what was 
done at ihat time, and fb ceal]ng to trotiUeyour Lord- 
fliip any farther at this time, I humbly take my leave, 
refting^ . , 

Ifour Lordjhifs Chaplain^ 
' from Dott^ t)ecemh, 1 5". and bvunden in all Duty, 

i6i%.Stjftomv9. Eei Jo. Hales. 


410 Mr. Hafes*; Letters fim tht Synod ^ D OR T 

l^ht HomurahUj ^} very g(wt Lor J^ 

THe iev^th of Decemb. fyb Httttd^ ^^^i^ PHdd)t^ Jri 
the Morning the SjfnoJ met ; the firft thing that 
was done> was the pronotiticiog the Decffee of the Stattt 
concemmg Grevinchovius2^ii Goitartiik to th%efie<%;Thafc 
whereas the Jlemonftrarits had petitioned' to thfc Stalky 
that Grevinchovim and Qeutartiui might b^ ddmittarij into 
the SpioH, there to defehd tW Retnottftnttlts Ctuf&, the 
Lords for goodCaufes tHoUght they neittjer ought, qor 
could grant it ; yet thus much did they gradcnifly per- 
ipit, dmt they might freiply come in pri\ttte, and db 
them what help they could ; and if they thought, that 
in any thing they fiw further into the Caufe £an Aeir 
Brethren, they might have leave to exhibit their Mmd 
in writing to the Synod. Provided, Fitft, that -they had 
leave of the Synod 16 to dd. Secondly , that they did 
not icek any frivolous delaj^. Thirdfy, that they pix>- 
miled to (ubmit themfelves to the Decree of the Synod: 
And laft of all , that the Church-Cenfiircs relpe<9tfvely 
is 6. on Grevinchffvius and Goulartius be not prgudioed ; 
ut ftand flill in their full force and virtue. This De* 
cree was confented unto by the whole Synod Here the 
Prajks admoniflit thofe of Vtrecht to provide themfelves, 
and relblve what they would do j whether rfiey would 
profefs themfelves parti^ for the Remonftrants, or keep 
their places, and fit as Jbdges ; if they would exprefe as 
parties, then muft they ceafe to be accounted part of 
the Synods and be accounted as Efifcofius and the reft that 
were cited. Thfey required that time might be given 
them to deliberate. The Prafis eagerly urged them to 
give their relblute Anfwer. They replied it was a great- 
er matter than might be fo foon di^tdied. So far they 
went, that at length they fell on feme warm Wordi 
For when two of the Remonftrants Deputies by chance 
fpake both at once, the Pnefes admonimt them to (peak 



t^tfiC^.H(mourdleSr.D.OLrltonL.EmhaJ^^ 411 

fmde^ius 6* ematius. For Men here fpeakorie by one, 
and not by pairs. But here the Secular Deputies ftrook 
-- in, and thought fit they fhould have time of refpkc 
tffl thp Morrow .- vet fo that in the mean time the Sy- 
nod flioul4 proceed : Then were the Renlonftr^Of call'd 
in, gnd the I^ecree of the States concerning €revmc<m^ 

' 1^ 9^i Gouiartius read unto them : Efifiopius ftanding up 
required that a litde . rime might be granted to ttcm m 

' ipeak, and forthwith uttered an Oration, acnrn fyni & 
rniwufm^ and ^bout which, by reafon^of fome i>arti€U'^ 
lars in it, there will grow fome ftir. The cffe6i:<rf^ 0i© 
Qratioh w^s this, . . • 


■ J i'l A »■ 

TWat J^ligion wot the chiefeft Note of aApm,; and m 
pere more dijimguijhed iy i> from other ;Creaturefi, 
than by our J^afon. That their Appearance kfire f he Synod 
wasi yt illaih eti^m Spartatn bmarent, that the/ m^h* 
endeavour fimethin^ for the frefervation ef the ^itrhy <f '^ 
kgion: Ithat B^ligim mas nothitig elfe but aright Conceit and 
Worjhif of^God : That tfje Conceits concerning God are of^ ttiip 
forts J fime. ' abfok{tely ntceffary^ ttfhich tvere the 'Grounds if 
all true PVorJhip^ in thefe to erf, might finaU/ endanger k Man\ 
Some not absolutely neceffary '^ and in thefe fimetimes 'mthout 
greaJi danger Men might miftdk§ *^ That they defcryed many 
Conceits pajjtng in our Churches^^mhich' could not ft and with the 
Goodnefs and Juftice ofGody t^ith the ufe (f the Sacraments^ 
. fvitb the Duties of CbrifliahMen ; Thefe had given occdfim 
to the AJverfaries abroad to apcufe our Chw'ches^ and lay upon 
them nun^ firange Imputations^ That therefore their ^ndea^ur 
had been none other but to remove thefe Imputations^ and to 
frofvide Of much m in them lay^ that the Conceits'cf fome few 
fnight not p<^s f^ the general l)o8rine of our Churches j Bpt 
fb^ their JSfideavfiur had hitBerto had ^ut iUfmc^s ; .4nd ai in 

■," -—■--. ■ ge I' ';"" ■ / •' •> 

f XX Mr. Halcs'j Letters firm the Synod <>/ D O R T 

a Jifiafid Body manjr times when Plyfick. is ddminiftredj the 
Humors wl^eh before mere quiet are now ftirred^ and hence 
the iodsf froues ffiore diftemfered : fo the^r Endeavors to care 
the Church had catfed greater Difirder^ yet in this had they 
not offended. For they laboured to none other endj but thai 
the Church might not be traduced by reafin of the private Coth 
eeits effwme of her Minifters. That in thk behalf the Vf^&r\d 
iadbft^ ej^cetdingfy ince^fed againj^ than : but this Eftvy 
they ejieem^d their Gloriaxn & Palmarium ; that for thi 
ri>ejt did M^ f^an toforfakg their Caujiy and were it Jo that 
they/kould Icfe the Day, jet mould they joy in it^ and thinly it 
Glory enough magnis aufis excidiflc. '&at this their Jiirring 
mat not de iana caprina, of finally frivolous, and morthkjs 
Matters, of mere J^iikj of Wit, mmamfof tht common fin 
mere ferfmaded j that out of this Conceit it mas that they had 
been Jo exceedingly roughly dealt, mithal^ yea, they might fty 
isvitum fuide againfi thpn, m again/l unnecejfary Innovators 
tn the Church : Firjl Matters mere handled againji then^ 
dancularly, and byjiealtf^^ ^t^x ^^w they b/fok, out into ofen^ 
but faJfe, Ac^i^ati^, (md after thk into Wrath, into Scoffing 
and Bittemefs, fill at length effra£lis moderationis repagu- 
\h every one came with of en mouth againji then^ tanc^uam 
in publici odii yi£l:Imas fHere followed a grave and fc- 
rious lavocation of Chnll as a Witncfi tp the truth of 
what they laid] True indeed it mas, that in their Bool^ m^- 
ny pbings mere to be found, amifs. For a very hard fnatier 
they thought it for Minds execrated femp^r reftum ck- 
vem tenere. That for the Jetting qftheje things, there could 
but three courfes b^ thqught of; either a National Synod, or a 
mutual Toleration jof each others Opinions, or the Cejfion and 
, . B^fignation of their Calling and Place in the Church. To qmt 
: them of tl^eir calling and to ffy, this mere a note of the Hire* 
ling: as for a Synod, m^hich they much' dejired, remoraban- 
tiir qui minime debebant;, 4«^ i> mas pretended that the 
crndition of ti^e Times mould notjufferii. There remains only 
a mutual Toleration, of the foffibility 1^ mliich alone they had 

- . ' bop. 

ittbeH, HmurM Sr.D.Carlton,L.Em6«JM»-- 4*1 
hpe. And fir tki wl the, did txctedingly 4«rw •/ ^ , 
Decree ^the State, ef Holland <md Weft-frywtmd, mkeh 
ebeftbeught c<n^im,edh *be Exm^sef'SeiAsd^'^^tb 
feme, of their m» dealing mitb the..JMi>ct»as,<f the Ad, 
^. 0/ *]6. iC/« ./ Great Briteam : Jfetf 4tf /Ar*-. ^ 

lo/i : fir tberema a Bu:^e ^Jedmfit ffread '^j^T^'^ 
^ Men, that under thi Urvi, ^ «-*#« ^mt f T<rf«-«|. 
en there lar perferiated mere dan^rm dtfigm : that behind tbH, 
tanqoaitt twft fiparium, there Ik, buents of opening a «^ 
to ihe ProTeffim «/ ai the antient Herefie, : f^'^- *be Hg, 
nmftrants 'eeuld pro tempore, Confcfenti* fux impeiatp 
quod vote, tifm tht began- Mem Mndi to be aUmated 
from them' :0bich thing at length brakf forth mo Schfm 
and openSep^^on. i*np began their Books to^he «>f'J>^' 
rowbinqmhd into, everf Une, every Pbraf'^er^ mrd and. 
T,ttle to bt ftrekhtto the uttmmfi, to prove than Merettcki. 
mtn^s that late mrk, intittded Speasnea Contnwer la, 
rum Belgicaium, mhofe Author, Credit andgoodDe^^g bad 
ahead, in part appeared, and hereafter farther m«,!d.^ar.^. 
Thatdll fundamental ?oin^i\of Di'mity the, bad preferve^i 
untouched. Fir thej kfem that' there were ma»9 *^^# 
which it i, Hot^laafid to diJ^Ute^ and th^ abhort d from that . 
Cdnceit i^mmr, Men, mho mu\d brieve nothing but. what 
the, mere able to gii>e a Ss'^«>^4.- thatmhat'^ff«^^ 
ed ma, orlfffuch 4 matter, which fir a lo,^ t^ "^ been, 
iritbiut danger, both ^ and contra, difputed ^.: TAgiv 
thoteht ifMci^ iffbe ehiff P»introf HgUgiom^remiftn, w^ 
fhSfn. That there bad bt^^^f'mdryO^i^evtn^ 
• 'm^ the Father, tben0»et, which yet had n«t broken out^ 
imo%aration rf Mndt, artdheacb of Chartf,. ■ thatM. 
wa, inAoOikkfir att mt, to jmf in one Potnt. It wot the 
^rminfofVirxm, a great Divine, th^ the greateji caufi 
of Contenti^ in the cUb ma, thi,, that the School-men, 
Cmdt^kn,, and Cathedral Decifion, bad been ttcemd a, 
Oracle,, and Article, <f Faith. rb4t the, were fer^'^f'^ 
jufify charf^ed mtb the hin^ in of a Sfept,ck, ^^^^ 

4x4 Mr.Hjte^JU«^ijitjte*fe&iwrfjifX>ORT 

Ihtyfitight firmtha^ dfe hi^ foir thdf lihrtjf p'hifib is <^ 
^ ^a» ietkhft Servitmk :4nd Ut^. ?W mm fbp nfp^atecd 
befare the^fmdy lAether a$ dtei -lit t/tbcrmHk^ tht^nwif ifU 
cdTi^ \ IBbe/ badheen fiifini k$$fie^^ had itbfm Uui^fid: 
He/refiireddfe Ftriiignerj mi^ ^j^^ cf fhmy^ thejn hoi 
keard jtbrdodj. W as ^ itdif fiwMfiid /ke$». Ha^ «£qf 

cmcoTm^ Pnd^mAfk^ Mdmb Ae Au^t tienifehet h4Vv§ 
c^d Horrida Decrcta.. ^ofindff^ ^9^ fH^ ^hfifr fAe 
Ki/t 'Ar^pderJituBed bme^m^m S^f^t^m, ffim fi^S* 
if^ mfjf Spmdical Stfitinx ? Jlwdtt^ ^mfi .^ Jf^ ^ 
fiomtbemMllphfimlhmMeM^ ^d«4 

yet to rs^ the Contravei^^^eatfrj^ is fbt flffit^ ^ ^ 
ligfbt efj^<tijpftr^et added-ttlmik M thf r^ which tb^ 
ikmnian^d ^aitfi ; th^e^ Vfho Atkgbi tin ^df^i0Mf^ ^^^^44 
mi^b. n :4so^tmhikt' Wcdiente -iucsf^ .^ n^ ^ha ; t>ivims, 
t4u^ iftfithmd ifmim i^^ Jl^^XthePoiff^s fir 
. itbiih we Hive cement .> 6i^. Mt^om t^ r^Q^eS wMk 
j0ar'f^tfis..muUhok^^^ M ha^ tm mpf 

et^ J >f Bmi. mot. iMiti0^}^^Sited lo 4^ ; •fh^.^^amwi^ ^ 
did-Mknt k M^mbicb mcJfa'^, fii^ghif^j IpokV^^}^^. 
JmaMnmnbermbichjnmsftkf \J^^ caxifk &r 

tk ck. ^^ not the ,^kklek xmiktr^ tb^^ m^i fbe Schifim, 
If 9 i^ugift\^^ cmy O^ r^b^ tv^at tkink^m^^l^ tf *^. 

ftrims ??'frdm.ym doA iheSdbifm froce^d^ Wi^ '%<?f^' 
Synods fysmak^ fi. -am.mn0iU^. cW f/.i^lWf *^ ^^ J^ 
fitutH a >tmmbkK of 3(phoi^fidttts. Slfm^ ' h)f^^^^^ ^. 

4nd\)ftttijeB0^ unto C^nfke/.^it.^xb^. #P«^ .^^it^'C-^M/^ 
c6$ apodlquos iuiit aqtiilasK floftojoi. ; , mk fm^9f!P^fm. ^ 
at, this.^p^ h<fiir\youfroGeed ^ai^ /«?wf fi/f: i^^^J.Mf^'^. 

But \^ 4De xafi not tntfay jour Ssmds,^^ 4he >Str^m0i mdj^^ 
^kd' ^^m^Jhdl b^.toUi i^fiitad gf,'lS^Htu4^s.^ . 'tk^G^*^ 
fefi^s'mt.^Jit.filf'ta^ V *^««> ^'«W«''^ 

'"•••■• ■^ . " . "^ ^ : .r. ; <»- . •* *yt ■' ■• *•»• 

i fi^^h ^^e^fim^ T^SBi per^ti iiifbiu mvcjsSl^ quam .via-' 
I tkit Tmk AlttKQP S<)emte99 amicus Piato, arnica Sjmch' 

I -•••". "^ ' 

nr^H^ ' tre tls^ Fn^gmena of EfHoa^ ios SjMth^ 
I 4^: jSiA iW as m^ Mempiy. a^ 

leat^ipg :<W9 flulipkicii^ mtPivkting, Mr.iteei, wfam 
he <KMn€is to your.Honoiir wUl re<Smie: this aod quidi- 
more ^ W Mr^.j^^M^ ^ dMvered mdtb gnat pace ^ ^ 
jf(?rfffi^ ifW fr^mi^ fffho^: The jfV^/b- '%iificd unM^ 
h9% tt^tbccno^ tib^ w^ in Us Speech iiuuijrtiiiogB 
qonfidepftUe^ h^ v^ therefoise to ddkrcr Ak Copf of 
it: ^ftfcofim replyed,, that he hadtioos haxKUbmd^ 
written ; if the Synod would have patience, he would 
<iau^«£|k T!v9mxfftX<i be dravtofotr ihcm j 4aut tbU 
%<9Jii& WQoi4 Mtt Jelrve. Fair or foul^ ddker'it dp he- 
mufty and fi> he did .- The Deputies for the Politicks 
^Ejgt^^pd^' that fince there were many things in it, which 
did as well concern the, Seculars, as Epclefiafticks, they 
were to give it u p (ubfe rlbed wit h all th eir _ I-| ands : 
®Hidi forthwith was done/ 1 'hen did the* fr<^cs tell 
them how muclrthey were beholding to the Synod, that 
had fb patiently fieaki ^am^ *«iotwitbi(kiR|h^g f^^they 
\if^^ ;i{> l*w ^g!a*>t«d ilwna: "toJi^^M^ that <hj 

;ht i&o haMe wp0d»4 C^ MandaMroftfale S}mml. 

t^fifif^ it(f/^^'ti^ heJbad rvoijuirad lesve' b^ 
\m bqgap to ipea^ ^, True^lakirdsie l^(i(r,:33iit you ftajbd 
pot; m ^^ waav^f^pmad yw^ bejSd^^ &jth he, yoti 
9trie t(^ know. ib^tii^iMAn jQ^agr^ np not of thofe daat ait 
ih^ Mtimbers. i^ 1^9 F %2V^> it^ la A&iffm rwidiaiui: 
baAf^^iEt JmA 4114 Witipat4nfloifeftkig the ilrgtonM: 

jyt^ MrJlalaV LeiUrs frm the Sjmd tfDOKT 

sad Drift of his Speech. After thk followed a Form €f 
Q4tb prescribed by the States, which all the Members 
ti the 37&od were to take, the Articles d it were thcfe 

tWO) 'OmU only the TVard rfHod/hottld h tal^ fir their 
t(ifk to end their ^ueJiiofUj and that they bad no other fur* 
fqfe but the Peace of the Church. Firft the Pnefis took his 
Oath in this order, (landing up in his Place, he iaid^ 
Bgo fromitto coram Deoj (thus, and thus) ita frefitm 
fit Seroator Chrt/iusy Then the Provindak took 
one in his order, ftanding in hb Places and pronounciflg 
du^ words, Idem fromitto coram Deo & JanSo Seroatcrcp 
only die Remonftrants Dq>utiesof Vtrecbt took not die 
Oath, becaufe* as yet they had not detei mined^ whe- 
ther they wouki make themfelves Parties or Judges ; 
After the Provincials did the Forei^ers in order do the 
like, ^ £> the Seflion ended, /md widi it I think ic 
is time for me to end, and coitiiiiend y pw Lordfhip to 
Gods gbod ProtcfUdn.. . ^7 - ^ ; 

Dort this .J. cfDcccaix Tour Hmmrt Cbaflain^ ani 

. l^tii Stylo novo. ' a boundemin all Du(yy 

... V , • ' 

Jo!. Halts* 


Sjgh Honou^iAkt,4»iw§verfgooiJjor4^ 

UPon Sunday ,1 of this Preftnt,the Synod being la^ 
■in the Morning, Stultetus made unto theni a p- 
ous^^ patbetical Sermon. In ike beginning he fignifi- 
cd, fim hpWjlt joyed him to (peak unto them, Pofi oru^ 
ditiffimum virim Jofefhum Hallwnj De^oHum lV$gortUa me^ 
titijfmum. Secondly, that helaw that day, dfiit whkh 
his Maje^ of 'Gredt Brittain^ aidd iHe Prince EloSor his 
"Maftef h?^i p }on^ ^leiired tp ice, namdy, a Synod 

■> ; < 

19 the 2^. Honour die Sr. D. Carlton L* BmkaffaJor. 41^ 

gathered for the fetfiiig of the Churches Peace in theft 
Countries. He took for his llieme the lai. Pfdlnif Jt 
rejcffced when theyfaid unto mej Letns go up unto the Hmfi 
rf the Lordj and icr forth unto die end of the J^nu 
Where firft haymg Ihewed the ciccaGon of this Pfabu^ ' 
that |t was the removal and ;bi«)ging of the Art untai 

i'^tufklem^hi cpnfidered in the whole ,:|^iii three things. 
Firft, that it was Sun^man hog^irfts gaudium^ to lite the 

• Peac6 and ftourifliing q( the Church ; which he {hewed 
hy many Reafons, and confirmed by the Examples of 
the t>dk^ oi l^ihendmrg^ who at the Council held at 
fVarins z hundred and twenty years fince, when others 
difcouriejd of many Privileges and Conveniences of their 
Eordfhij^ and Tcrritcriies, openly protefted it to be his 
^eateft Felicity, dt^t be^ould m a^erto campo^ & in Jim 
Subditorum fucruin' dortnire: and or Tfeciglfiir.theEmpe- ' 

the World. , . Sftohdlj?; that it fff^Jummum bominis Vth 
tmxo prayJFo^ th« Peace dndfl(>{itJfliing of the Church : 
whidli he coitifilh^.^y "^< Examples c£ the Apoftles 
and bf "Chrift hiiijielf. Thirdly, that it waA Swmtum 
iMninis Jiu^ium to ytoc^ of. the Church. 

Where ipdiking of the pgpgicMt' occafion, J am no Pro- 
fJhfet /feith he) yet I thbk I forefie, th^it tlie Peace of 
the Melgick Churches would be a means to felfle the Peace 
of other Churches. He therefore wiflbt that the States, 
the Prihce, the Delegates, would all propofe unto them* 
(elves as their end, the Peace aind Flouriflimg of the 
Churdies ampngft them, as he doiibtcd riot they did la 
calling this Synod, there was not^ In this Sermon any 
DoOTinal Point difcuff, nor any. particular toucht,* 
which might niiniftef News. It was only a pathetical 
Exhbrtation to all lorts, as muchas in them lay to pro- 
cure the Churches Pe^e. WKert he* had done, the 
JEVy?i publickly ta dxc Name of tJie Synod gave hiw 
^ ^ ' ' '•'■■*'* '■■ • ■ '■ ■' ■■"" '' " " ■ ' '• thanks. 

thmaks^ und ptptcijtcd hknielf to bave jpmi very V[mh 
n^ved with b^s Speocbfi^ Bcfides tlfvi^ tjiore wi^ A(;»' 
ttiog done dm Se0ion. 

XlpQp Monday f) jqf ,thb PrdC^st^ ijbf Synod coming 
to|pptbar lx> tbe, Foreoooin there wqr& mo out of £^. 
/^^s^'frpQitheCoMatii^olfisr^^^ {Bijj^^iie&itf ^ P^chqv 

^rff, dime gs I)eputies firom the .0tuc)^ jjn thofe parts^ 
to be admitted :9fi par^.of thp %P<3|4* 'i^he JUettcrs froia 
the ^tes Genen^y -^ ^f«^ i%ir Cridentiid Letters 
frim their .Oi^rc^^rftfaieing iq»^» theOat^ wi^ fes^ 
upto'^hem, and thie^rtgok it. Tr^ ^4 the PrjieSsj^ 
the Name of ilifc^fvi4 welcome ^i|i^ and toldt tqem 
the (end of their ^onMng-^ and what ;tbp^Cbwrdie».fX-, 
pp^d at their hands., .Tben werf niie ReiiKmfti^njp ^ 
cal^Uin, and willed to- declare d^eirC^jm^^ cc^cerniiTig/ 
the ricft i>f the Arti^ieif jwhich they ijia'^it large, and 
a^^ foipc 'Appl9gp«5 fpr dwir jwroceeditig hy Nisgativ^ 
(wi^^dx I told your Lordihip forpaerly h?(of>een t^e Es? 
cepdon of the; 3ync{(^ s^gain^ the nyyqno'.held by ^t^eai. 
in thie; &t& Ar^^e.)r..Xy6^ not giye 4 ift"Ief of w^, 
tlf^qr then d^li^^B^ becai^ I T^doiv^: |q Jei^d y^jiff: 
Ifwdihip thepj^rf^Xiopy pf i^, fvs4^ ^ Ijpan.cop&^ 
^c^WPJ ^f <>"?• , •l^M^thejs.hvl^li)^?, x\;^e.Pr^s^^^ 
th^ Tvhetfaf r/th[5y .s^i?r^ pp-ovi^t tio,jdeli^r up thqtr 
C^nfi^ex^ions .confem^ the G>f^e^q :a,nd>CSatedv&i^ 
for the Synod . oxpafted it. They ani^ercd, •. that t^iqr, 
eype^^jiot ihe Synod flioujd call for them. Tbe.jP?:^, 
fis replied, this coif Id not e?ccu(e them,^ had of*i 
tpn: i^ld the Woitld in tjielr Books,, that they had,//ir4^ 
^mJiivsmcon/iiifrftiwfmm tjaatkii^ 4 and t^t tbeSy-; 
nod, ihould better judge of eachj^rt^ y|i^ it had l^x;^; 
(?d their Opinion c^ dEic whole.. They. required Jca^^tQ 
withdraw a littJp, . ;afld. think of .gn i AnlweJ-. 1^ jtk^ 
?)efm tinup the:P^<f/ff ^ .i|he.,SynQd„ to. , cobii- 
^r|iow^W?ll.{h? glifrf99%^t?. j^ |dg^^ D^r^ 

io the 1^ UanmrMt Sr. IX Carlton L. Bndt^dir. 419 

of tlie Sjffwdi concerding tlie PmpoGioFtfae TeoeotB in 
Affirmative^ ht thought that diby had a&akd'taai^ 
agamft it^ and thftt pufpoffefy in bringit^ their Apologjr 
fcHT lb doing t incedfifringthe OpmiiNU orctther Chmcfaei 
for bk({>hemoud. CJ^. Ho^dbevtr it wa»tlu»r Judgi|KK 
that thqrflioukl prdpofe their Sem^ce fa Negatiim^ 
yet they ought not to haV« propofed^ tsue to faa^e iiifap- 
nmted their JudgtiMtit to the JudgtMM citht S^md!Tht 
Remqnftrants reiumif^, gave anj^nar t& thia effsift r dnt 
though they might require -time to giv^e ud their Confi- 
deratioftt, yet they tihought they ware HM Douad e> give 
them up, till the fiVe Articles wens difoidjj^os tbtjr 
Gtatory Letter$i5 r^n^ that firft the ArdicieB^ then cbtir 
Confitfefatloi)^ JhlbUldconie in places ^t Aef titou^ 
k fbme Wton^ ddnt theiti tb have tbV Oder iiow pe^ 
rerred. The frafes antWered, that no wrdftig was dxMt 
Miem ; ^ tbeir Gonfiderations fliouM not yet be-Iifted, 
till the five Artideis were concluded* And <& the QrJer 
fn their C%atory Letters fliould be ktpti, That long 
fince in a Sjmd at ihlfht^ they had pitMiii^ to delinh' 
them up ih a Provinciisd SfwJ there, and therefore noikr 
after £1^ many years they cduld not be unprovidedv Mens 
the Phc|fo PdliHcni ehatged diem to obey thrir Decree, 
«fnd to ^ife as die Ptafes and the Syitoi reqdr'd, Tfab 
Prtefis Bcclejjdfiicus then admoniflit them, that they weife 
not to accompt of themfttves as a CsHege^ and £> MI 
to give aniwers m comimnej but rkt&f mm atiCwer par- 
ticularly every one for himjdlf : and thereupon he adced 
every one of them in onler, whed»r they haid any (uch 
Confsjera^n or no: lome aillWed iftiey had, feme 
that they had (bme tew of no great moment, Ibme that 
their CortGderations were not written do\v=n, feme dnlc 
Aey had none at aH. When Ac Pr^efis had laid fac- 
tum fidffi by them long fince^ that they had &ndty 
Gonfiderations ready J Ommi/ excepted agsiinft«tbe wort! 
jafhttum i the Pnefis replied, He Hfed not the word to 


4^t> Mr.liaia'ilJttuftfi«m the SjmdafiXyECt 

dilgrace them, but only as a Frequentative, to fignifi^ 
due they had (^n boafted of it When iome Liti- 
gation was bere fiykd, Mattimu Greg$iipi (qt^ that fits 
dofe upon the ReoKxiffiraotB Skirts) cut koSy and coni* 
maoded diem to be ^jokt^ The Remonfbants here fig- 
nified, that fiich Coofideriitibns as they |iad were only in 
die Duttb Toogue^ The. Pr^^s ^r^lied, they fliould 
have leiiufeto tnmflate the^ Then did the Seculars 
pxmounoe a Deeree, diarg^ then) to provide them- 
selves fingly one by one, ht diat had many to give up 
many, he that had few to give up few, he &i ha4 
none to give up nonb, and that whethct . it were in 
Dutch or Latin. The R^monftrants required iome dme j 
for, £uth Bf^c9pmy we came imf^erMtifftm ad bmc remi 
Fiifl dieie were given them two dkys, then tbree^ 
then four : within which (pace every. Man alone by him- 
self, was to give up his Codfiderations : and this was die 
t&kk of the Sedion, 

The Anlwer of the Bf^UJh Divmes to tiie Remoo* 
firants excepdon againfl; the , Sjnod^ I will (end your 
Lordfhip in my next Letters, together with die Reinoi>» 
ftrants Anfwer upon the later Ardcles^ Bannm the Poijb 
came to Uart on Sunday about three of the Clock, atid 
went for Bt^land on Monday about^ten of the dock, in 
the Moming« Mr. Dean of fVorcefter is very crazy and 
(ickly of late, and keeps his Chamber, neither b^h hd 
been in the S/md [omc of thefe laft SefHons. I hear he 
purpoies to come to the Hague j to ^ if he (hall have 
hk Health better there. Here is a Rumor that die 
Remonffaunts are a litde divided amongfl: themlelves ; 
and that Ccrvinm complains that what he hath done^ 
Was becaufe he liiflFered himfclf to be drawn on by o- 
thers, how true this is I know ,not ; I heard ScuUetm tell 
my Lord Blfhop io much, and that Mekrm of Bafil^ 
ihould &y that Carvimts had figniiicd ib much to him. 
My Lord Biihop is ft litde di/plea(cd with Mr« An^es^ 

for putting into his hand Qrtvmch&mus hts Book, in the 
Prdace oT, which there are cited out o^ a Writing of 
Mr. Afhgfes certain words very reproachful unto ffiihops. 
Other News here Is none, and therefore for this time 
ceaOag any limfaer to trocMe your Honour ; ' Ihumt^y i 
take my leave^ refting 

Tear Banours Ch^apij 
imd Camden m 4dl Dkty^ 
Jo. Hales. 


Jfjgbt Nimmrdbk^ mj very good Lwiy 

O N Thuriday g of tlus prefent^ in the N^oming 
the Synod being met, the firft d)ing done was the 
admiffion of the Scottifh Deputy in this manner. He was 
brought to the Sy tiod-Houle by the two Scribes, and 
met at the Door Wtwo of the Deputies for the States, 
and by^ them . condu&d to his Seat, which is a little 
Seat noade tmder the EngUJh SeatSj where he fits alone j^ 
when lie was &te, the PrJtfes welcomed him in the^Name 
of the Synod. Then were the Letters from the States 
read, which were to ftand inftead of Synodical Letters j 
for otherwiie thei cuftom Is here , that he that cosies to 
be a Member of the Synod brings Letters of Credence 
from the Church that deputes him. After this he deli* 
vered himlelf ina Ihorc Speech to tlus efii^. Tbaf tho 
TCifinif hii coming he had delivered unto the State* 00 thei 
Hague, namelj the K^ngs Pleafure: that he therefire once 
mMedto have faid nothit^j but he could not obtain fi nuah 
rfhinfilf, iffeciallj mhen he heard what gentle wekoma the 
Praeles gave him^ and be was defirous tojhew hin^lfthafd^ 
fid for fich great CourUjiei That the Scotch 'Nation bad 
evervme fi hnkfUt felf to this Peofle^ that it bath dUfi^s 
laboured to indeavour the Peace 4 tbis-State^ and nom it mas 


; . ■ 

§bfm, 1^# f^ kU M7 fkngkHr hoimi mto $hm ti^ 

iiU'fi I^^M^hmHrif hmi TJm iis\imrM,wm nit iiimjf4 
h^U, b^d ire h darted h mk maiAfir tb^i tW- 
the King at his coniing awaj did chaiijpi Jmn^jWtibis diii^ 
mibus, above all Sphere of Goncdt and Appretenfion 
to exhort thm Hnto Po^ij md with a fimt fnffage to tba^ 
purffif ho endfd. The Pr^s thanking him for his good 
Coun@i gfi^e bim his Oath; And ib they paSkd tcwaj 
to odier bufinefi! . . 

dien the Remonfbants are to ^ve in their ExceptionsL* 
againft the GatechiAa ^ GovraBoi^ dnd Ih Bt it 
we (halL«x)aie to ^<]^leftioQ^ Fotjim dine thditl^r| 
t faLwU/ take 8iy letive of yoiii^ HoMuff teSia^ 

Jmmdmm 4liattgr^MSavK^ 

Jo. Hate- :' 

• • 

^ •^if HonowtabU^ pii my mrf gooi Ifiri^ 

UPON X&«^ the J? of this .j^iOSn^ ^ 
ties beiq^g met in the Moroiog» the Reiaicififtr^Alii 
were called k]$ an4 willed t& give ij|> ibeir Con^iderf^ 
9QS upon tte Catecbifii), acx^nligg Co tHe iajiinl^imr 
k»d ^tn them on Fria!<!r.laft> pfi^o^^ Coir^ms^ Cufi^ 
kmui^ Poffm^. Pin^i^<^m luaA ^^frn^&yc up ,4t<^^lw^ 
h .oomrnQn^oiidve^ffuled th^ielvip^ for not glvg?^ »p 
Me by^ OSQ) da wa9« c^f^oy^ed dii^fOt .hi3fc»4ie (heir Qm^ 
fiderlttbns b^big altegetb^.tbe fws^^y thw^t xh^ 
teiqght eixhibklhisna .ak^^getber^.lSlM Qofmms.S^d^ 
tkifim^ . mi Jfiiaom . PHd^mif gave ysf %dy, every ooft 

by him^9 die jej^<gave up oone ^c ^ WJpiac dbeie. 


1^ H^fkaiiim^m^'DS&amtL:-'^ 4}^ 


Itt^etGiJb^ilM;- -We hs^; ->dS4f iibe^^ao^toniiBina 
iiP'^iSlaVlf^SGi? t^Xiii^lMii 4r-ou)y»knMi-^ 

fia^ toe al6Wraf litftinj' >itid'<liito4K«u«-«nl^ein«iy 'i^ 

dP;il^''<3aniteh, <$f 'Bifie a^'hd rdbtncflt ( - lo that it 
ledim a' 'vt^er'tinta manf^^-faoW %Hefe l^iifn, t^kH 
for'fe^inahf yeSfs pafti.>kj feiha^-of fthdMdS^Sihbiwi 

Bibtofa *Aft^jpit«dc*'iRi6h^rknpertinfiStJfh»ffi-''^^ 
isiKJtj i ^«tec'faiy-fetf, ^riy WrJtiAg irt-^itterWorld^ 

9khdb'^ RfcB'«m!peioii& ' Iff^et this <Bd -die iv<^i :^iit 
6]&%«!hi^i^tn)-sjn 'inirMJF'itf''^ Judgment, of the>rSyi 
Mffpiiift^itipoh^imnaerbPpropQuadngtbe^l^^^ od 
•H^fe-iAttfcfes. /Two 'tluBgS there wereirfffiked. Fir^ 
iHiferpn3f»br*lirig«f6 -atany Neg^t*«& ■ SecoficHy,' tbeit ' 

h to'hmdle the ftoint-of Repr^kttton; 

firft p)ao^j • wfa^eas die Syi^'^riquireil 

Ff die/ 

4 J4 Mr^:H«Wi U»$»i^Jhm the l^/md rf DORT 

^MffliQuU. deliver |iimie)K<%: as imK^ii$. ifr^^jio^^ 

ih tflSI«naoVc% ani Ijeg^:^ v^-|R>o% 

d)ence come ,to die pcripy ^l^pfob^^^ k^ du6 

j^ace^ -B» reqiiired thfvq^lf^^ 

thcjTi woi*t:follow tlleF}tl4glpil^^i;^f 1^ 

own. rjTbey, anlwereii^.,^. tbey M gipon up did^i^ 

walofisVfOi Ju(Kfc,;(|hi5Mffi pcwfedjiig, ^Wi^fl"*^^^ 
piocced Acir C#f!f5Aii«ri?.WW |Wf|Cf»ut*^.^f?ojri 
filth ^J^«^'i«tf ck ppmlj^f ^It^cobf^ fio4 

ptaximi m^i h^lfi^i/ijtiw, he. «(Hill|'qii^ qti^ (faft 

hM^r.mwti^^ ki^^iffi.^Wo^V C^iH^wirL^P^ 

^ cbU: Point yicn.c\s9^K:ff^9 :fr^^c$^jim^tT^ci* 
pum mmenhm Was ki:|hat^\<f^Qf^^^^f|^^ & 

dotibl..w^: jd dip poiif-.J^ Rfprobaciovr ^ w4^^ di^ 
fcre. diatr Conia^ce would j)OC fuffi^ dKn «> pipcesd 
^uth^rin Difpumtioiis-t^^d^ 
To this aftfiver wa»inao%'th^ die Syiiod di4 npirefuic 
ID bundle the nutter of RcfmbatioQ^ but tbcNpigjiit k not 
fit to have it done -in die %ft place... But when tbii 
would, not conteix them, die P/^ . propoied unto dieni 
whether they were reiolved ioib proceed^ or die to re^ 
linqv^ all £uther Di^ucatioa They replied^ they 
fefolved ro break df all Eutfaer Treaty if that mattor 
ini^ not be handled. . It was tdd them that it (hould 
be created of in ks dueplace,. bitf die queftioo wi^ only 
Je wmin froce^nii^ wbedier they ilWd handle that firft 
or na Efijicpms and ibmeodiMsrs of them gave aofwei^ 
that for d^ C>der they did not preci&ly ftand upon, m^ 
jk totM rt iig4tm : but thii aniwer they flood sot unto. 
*For when the Ft4^t$ told them afiiain, diatit was die 
ptMure of die Synod^ firfl to handle of Ele^ioo, and 
^Ipn^f Kfprobat^ as mudi as ihould .leem neoeflasy^ 

Rod,^ die Owrcbet good, and withal duimd fbeni 
toanfwer roundlv and Qtegorica ly whether tney would 
"iiToiced" according' to this Oder: tn'ef Anlwcredi 
' No. \Ttejn did the Prafis require them to withdraw, 
'ahd givetJieS/no^ leave to advife of this: "fhe lumm 
of that which jx.ft in the mean time was this :' That 
- iheir pi-tCiehce of Coiilcience was vain, fince it was. not 
of any cHing which concerned Faith artd ^pod manners, 
^tuc only of Older and Wetliod in Oifputing, which 
''could hot at all coriCern theConlcience; that tlie DiC 
piitation miifl begin from Election. Firft be£:au£ thf' 
'order cf Natiirr (6 required, to deal of the Affinnatlre 
fcefbre the' fcgarivc ; and again, be£au(e that ajl Di- 
_ Vines, fthoeVcr handled this Queliion did hold ihe £me 
■ order ; and the Holy Ghofl: In Scripture had taken the 
lame courfe. That they ihould be aflutcd in iJie name 
of the Synod, that they fliouldhave li'oeity todllcufithe 
Qucllion. of Predefljiiatioii rhtoiighout. Thit whatlbe- 
yitf tlK^ i^ctendedi yet the-true end of thdr fo hotly 
tirging'dieqUcftten.dfReprofeatmri, Was ohiy tocscaei- 
' ratt the' Coritra-kanonftrdfils Doiftrinei ahd to make 
'Vay for thcirb'wii Doife-ine in^point of Heiition: Lj- 
dmt chRrffdj that it had been the cuftohi of all thols 
W-hdfiTOlired Selaglmifin, to troiible the Chlirch *ith 
the qdeltion of Reprobation. D. Goiiiarus tbatjao' that 
bis iron am in the fire, (fin- I.fer^vade my filfthdi ihe I(^ 
'^tar^raiut if ken w chiefij, i^4mfi bitn) begin to iell ui, 
that E^fcopius had fa'^4 the Tenini of ^frohation .- 
thai no Man taught that </od ahjoluie/ji decreed t« s«fi Mat 
■ami^ mtiaa Jin: hut aj'he'tiid decrei the end, fa be' did df 
me tie meant : that lit ai he predejiinattd Man ti diatb^ 
fi he ^edeflinated him to fin, the eniy mai to death : andji 
he mended the quefiiett, as Tinkers mend Kcnlts, and 
made it worfe then it matbejm. Infiuilal, tbcS"'tod 
ooUled a Decree to be penned to this purpofe Tb*t* it 
Jhoidd bt loaf ul for the Rftnonfirants to fref^e their Dpiibts, 

. ( 

both in the ^uejlion <f *EleBicn and ^efrotdtim : ha fSr th^- 
€rder^ in pijp'utationj which of the mofhmld come'frfi^ tlief^ 
/haul J kave that t$ the SymJ^ wt)o theuf^h. it litUK iojtnjt^ 
^rhan to reccric l^s ; JZ i^h^ei^^irmi C^ 
ence^ $t tpot tut vam^ fifice there ttfat notbsm sn Scnpture. #- 
gatnfi tbft Command ef the Synod i najf that ttmat more agret' 
abhitithCor^cie^etoAey than to ViVi^imf^ J^ !^£l^ 
the tfpiumfirantt called, uu and after ^J^f^ a|3^mticin 
better to atlvjle tb^nlelve&. the E)ecree dl toie Synod 4m 

read unto;:dian. And %i.',^y, :^:i?ilir ^ 
Conlaence, the Prkfe's VSltticm foak * ' 

to withftand any Decrees either of theMa^ftni^fc or of 
the Svnod, either by ppep bppofii^ s^, oy^by fol- 
len fileQOp^ isider pain ofpcnahy accdroing to the wiD 
of the Lords? When Efijc<^lm had Gli teginrnn^ ferifiiusj 
and would have feicf foniewhat mdr^rhe'wasjm^ 
£ilence, and IbtheSeifion ended » Mr/fVa^|'^e8mg/i^ 
that t&e next Seffion we fliould conoie to the Quemo% 
Ji per' l^emonftrantes liceret^ * *, , ' 

Now cctficerning Mm/ieur A2lW/«i Prop(JlaI^,pt which 

your tiordlhip required to know \jrhat I thought, I will 

deliver my feliF in my next Letter to your I^brioiir^ In 

the mean time ^omhiesri^ing youi* Honour to *G<id*$ 

^ood proteftion, I humblyh(ke my leave. 

iDffrt this J| ^/Decern]:). ' Tour Honour s Chdflain^ and 
161%. loundenin all Duty. 

John Hal* 



k'^&e^ 1^ HonmMeSt. D«GarIton L. EnJf^Jfador. ., 437 

mgbt Bpm^ahkj my very good Lord^ 

Pon Friday j| of December^ in the Mofrimg it wa« 

longpVe ^e Synod met At length being comt to- 

getlier, tpe^-e were read the two Etecrees ; one of the 

States J ahpjber of lie Synod, made the former ^ejpon : the 

reafojQ ofmer was the abfence of fome the day 

'befo]ni/?Vl^ea (Jld, the Priefis fignifie, that that very 

jnpiTimgi Jiijjas^ the time of the.^^i, Iks 

* fcad teqqiyod nojiji tpe JBLeraonftrants Letters jQ^i ^ro- 

^/i;^i^,^^cn (X)QQe'rhMhimiQlf a^^ the whole Jjwi-t6c per- 

^lifii or whicH titters was the cau(e of hb lorig ftay: Tlie 

JUetters.^ef]? WPt p the l>eiegates to know wnetner or 

\ lib they would hiavc. them 5;?ad.^ .WhiJB^'the 'Seculars 

were stdvififlg pf this Point, there were, Kirqught jh a 

^grpt heap of the Rcmonftraqts iBoolcs, and }aid upon 

'the^Tabl^ befprif the J^rafis y for what enHtjt -will appear 

'jby aijcjiiy, Thq Secdar Ijfelegates fignifie, ^that they 

thinjc npt ft:, tji^t the Letters ijioiild be publickly read, 

and that tHq Remoaftraiits fcould immediately be called 

in.' They , being Centred > tnisi Pr<ejes askt them whether 

they wcrcVeady to obqrdie (!)rders'let1ii6wn by the 

Stfes and the; SyttoJ : They require to have their Letten 

read ; biit ii^c-^ectdars willed them, inftcad of reading 

their lletters, to heai;ken to a .Decree of the Spote/^zrS, 

'forthwith was itead a Decree (pimding to this purpofej 

^Diat tHe j^/^^w^jft^^^ly com^jq^nded that nothing (houl^ 

^ read or TppV^n in the {^Wm prgudice qf the Decree 

made' yeftqirday j .out that tlicy Jipuld without any fiuv 

.ther delay coipe tp the Bufu^eu In hand. The Remonr 

firsts r^ply, that exqcptthey inay pjpft nreely propofe 

th^r Minds m bpi;h the psifi^ p^ I^r^ellWibh, both Eler 

Aipn and Reprobation, they refufecf to go further up 

Conreraice.} Jpr th^t jtheir C<fi%h^e ^vould not permit 

.jthem. Tlie 'l^r^t reined ,i thar iqr liberty of Propolal 

» twir epmioMi they <K)uld nfrf^ 8P»!e?^ i f^^ ^^ ^^^ 

458 Mr. HaW/ letters fiom /fc i^ ^ DQRT 

. noJ hdd given thep tiberttum Chri/ii4ri4mj ti^Mnt^fiam ; 

^r (uc^i an abfblute Liberty as they iceme^} to requi]^, 
of going as far as they \i% of oppugning . before the l>- 
ffod what opinions they pteafe^'of Learti6f Men, this they 
thought ^hfit. And as for tdnfgience ^ they kne^ t^i 
the Word of God was the Rule of it Nov What part 
't3f Scripture had they that favoured them in this behalf^ 
or ihat did take any order andprefcribea.Methodin 
Deputation? By thus fi% urging^ their Conftlenoc^ 
they did exceedingly wrorigfhcDDqree of the 5^4/1?/ aiul 
Syfu>dj as if by them Ibmething'againft the "^Word of 
God, (ome impicnr were commanded When tt^ Pr^p/^ 
had thus &id, he oeg^n to propofe urito thefn ptrt^tn In- 
terrogatories concerning tne Five Articles. Your Honoinr 
may be pkafed to ck!l toi mind, that in one of my for- 
hier Letters I fhewed, that bccaufe the Rcm6nftrant$ had 
given up their opinions very perplexedly and imperfedl- 
ly, the Sjmod had thought good that the Prafis tkoald 
jpropofe them certain Queffions out of their 6wn Wri- 
tings, fo the better to wrcft their Meaning from them. 
This was the Prafis now beginning to do ^ land this ^^ 
the caiife of the bringing 1 A of the Books. . The Inter- 
rogatory prppolcd Was^this, Whether or no they did 
acknowleage that the Articles exhibited in the Hf^cw-Cm- 
•^crew* did' contain thdr 'Opinions? Efifc<fim Ifept up, 
*nd required that it might be lawful for them t6 iet down 
their own Tenents, and hot b6 forced to ariftrer thus to 
other mem Writings, .; il^po in Chplef told the/Vi^i 
that he did evidently ftc^ tfiat it Vas 'the drift of tfie 5>!- 

.Mdj to dlfcfcdif them Vith the Rfa^ftrartf; and that for 
his own 'f>iit^hc ^ouli rather leave ' Ms Mi^ry; 
than make' any Anfwer to thefe Interrogatories. The 
'Prmfes here advifed hirh'^ to bethink himfelf firjoufly, whe- 
ther his C6nfci^ncfe'^(;ould'affurfe him that this was a 
good Caufe of Mv&igtli'Mhifftry j' Wcatufe he might 
hot proceed in Diijmtatibn a;tc6rdfng a^ he thought ££. 

i* * t .;*>.,,. »5 "^ > 

rVt^ekfiu anfwered, that- he ^ouk< not ffibmltfto thii • 
Bxsmtn, and tiifi foffif Ubemmt i??*'** ^^"^ '^o' *^: 
iwcraitalL Tfeefime ^mthe foice of ^kgrrtu m 
Ahlwcr. i^«*«« plainly ^ them ni^in mmhu tiimm 
tgh to do as they thought gbdd; 'dieywQt?l«f gO:n^.»rr 
Aef. For we.airc i-efolved, fildi k, ^trkpv Jitaieiotw . 
ftrtt tmfrojuJidt Sjnwdi: ttiQipne of the SeCUjaMttept 
tip, and willed thofe woixis fliouldlx noted. ' TO Pro- 
fit then told them, that the trdfc. caufe of alltWiidttir to- 
di^xjfitioowas, that dieyfor^ fljemfelves td yi'.Citaff^- 
and d»t they were not actjuamted wkh bdi^coOttSand- 
cd. TTiey were to remendw, that they. m^jd bifort 
God, before their Maglftrate, and that thi^ "Caufe was 
the Caufe of the Churdi, whofe t>ea6?\irauld nor he pro- 
iured by thb Behaviour. They ' might refiietiiher what 
Aey told die Foreign tXvines in their Letters to them, 
that there was of late a great Uttdmorfhtfii io the State. 
N«» ^is nunc Judicet & Domini rmmy fed Citati : but as 
itfeemwl, they were refol^'ed to fuflFer, mnim nuStmju-$ 
didumdcii fieri. Efifiopiut here urged his Confcience, 
AdJe Verbum Dei^ thenfiith the Pr^ety Ihew upon What 
Text of Scripture you ground Vour Confcience, other- 
wife you wrong both the Magiftwte and the Synod. C«- 
MW anfwered, that that fcantling of Liberty which t^e 
Synod gaye them, did not fuffice their Confcienos. Pop- 
fim likewife required larger Liberty, and that he might 
not be dealt withal by Authority, but by R^fja. TTc 
Pr^fes anfwered, that in Confcience he Qould not give 
them greater Liberty than they had already given them, 
and therefore askt him if he would anfwer tothelntcTT 
rogatories. He ftoudy replied, Malo juidvH fan. S^ 
fim replied to the fame purpofe, and over and above 
Wded, Vt nolhuni judicium nmJoHsfacit Sjnodo, ita neeSj/r 
mdi judicium mfiri l^c«»4r«,«/ told the Synod, thatjey 
dealt not charitablv with them,, and openly protefted, 
as Epilcofiut had before done, nm <^miu fro judjefo Synodt, 


^'^ J%; wJ'l?f P^$flS-r-rl^"y Utm^h of the Sy^ . 
Pf^^were th^J^w ^i^^jout to. give^ iu4aen Aa-r 

Pr<?^; . jow twm, jwat here was tjothjing requirWt Wt that 
they wojS'Jf^Me'i pf their Fsiitb, which they, 

jp their Pulpits^, and m 
y could npt be. unprovi- 
ded tQ ^yt.^^kxifNQr ^ranclJpr that they mentioned the. 
SyhQ^ 4idverfiry,> ^hcy tad been already taught 
(y^ci^tl^ P>S the foreign Divines, that the Synod could 
pot he covinted f^rs ^tdv^xfy ? they anlwercd, that they 
required ^/Copy of the Reafons given by the foragn Di- 
yinesj^ |h*^^hjey, might cpnGder of them ; but they were" 
denied, iV ,1 Here wa$ By one of them, I know not whom, 
a RepV.m^c, . tl^at ^tti^nmftrmtyya reflifing to pro- 
ceed ex<;:cpt they might fr^Iy handle the Point of B^prfh 
. hAtiquii^ dia p6 other than the CmirarB£mfmfiYAm\i^^ ror-^e iq the Haguej^mjferenae^ who there openly re- 
fgfed to proceed, if they were urged to have the wmc 
Pbjnt handlpd^ notwithftariding the Command of the 
Magillratc^/ Fefim Hmmiifs rephed, t$at the Narration 
was falCfied : for the CmfT4'fiem(mJhahfs *4id not funply 
refu(etp(Jeal in jphel^olntpf'^e^ro^^^^ neither did the 
Magiftf^^corpmarid.the to do if, ,ashow behadcom- 
niatided tbem. And thii? inucih did fbhie of the .64^r 
Deputieg'|land pp ^n4 give witnels lirito.' ! hjnjco^ii^' h^re 
urged fora^; words, out. of the Cpnfrfdnce, -to prove wha| 
>^as laid : but what thefe words: were I could factf take^ 

t, * at. 

• / 

Vt^4ii Y^^!^j ^<MWie thcWwrflgitorei '^ 
hiiilfelf alone. T)^ ^r<flf^:JioifKer^.1^^ 

• -"J * f ' 'J «■-' ''!"/* ^*"'* •■"*■' »l» ' ' '** ^Zt • , 

nmjhmih ' thgf. the -StJit^ ha4 ^?de ai^^ pfecrei?; thaB 
4iey uvoi^tbiM^ give An^cr ^^^mim* The Pclegat« 

they1ba3 d'ecrcedit. Efifiofius aniwered, that the Scrilbsgi 
( Heinfius) ufedfbme (iich words, but he took It to have 
beep pflJij? ft^e, phfai^cpf ^finfit{t^ mii t^yp^ep q& 
tb^^^ixp. ., J^infm^^^ replied, that he did notbifig but 
wnat h(i . ws itpmmanded. Epifcapius protefted, that till 
that hoiir he nfever heard that by any Diecrec of the States 
th ey weie eiijoyiiw h to au(wer thus fingly; "and* by~Poll. 
PopfiusCigai^cd that te- tboi^t it ^ tbipg y<3:v ypb^^ 
ring bpthhis Age andhis N&ii(fey,/to' iiibmit m 
f^Q)j k Pi^agogica Cloffiuh^' 2!^ ibxt^e^imes \sf '^riknu/G^ 
^«-JtMd be«i Ped then asKt tHem s>U*^ 

'gecCTal., whether they did perfift in die t^l^ i\n(wer? 
.Thfrf'jin rgjKedi 3^4, ' The 

The ii^nmfira^i A^ire 
ih|*4ift:?W, the jPr^/Si reqtijrcd the Sjmai/tid tliiik what 
jcotirfe ttiey vroidd t^ke tp ppce^cd, prdteffijngthat he 
thought ihit aU'Uber^'bcftttjtig^as graiitqd^tibto aieih.i ^ 
and cdling m |fce i^?>i»ojj^4«/j a|;am, an4 ^idvilin^thent 
to cpnfijer vsih^t tte^r ci;d' j thcjr ?dl t^pHed, tbat they., 

^1 * • 0. 

441 Mr. Haks'i Uttitsfimn Ae Sjmi $fVORT 

^ere Tt&lviA^ mn c^tstim^ fidett^mOtim r^i^Mlidkrv.The 
Pirefident of die Politicks commanded tfaem, that widioiit 
peculkr leav«^graoted|niifie of diem ftould (hodd go out 
of die Town. 7i&^ Fr4e$ fiee^gMH^r advi(m 
cothoikof fiMtae courfeof gadiering the Remonftnmcs 
opinicKis out of dieir Books, fince dicj couM not get 
oem&om themfehresy difimft the Companj. 

Theiame day after Dinner was there a Sejffion, tx:^ 
veiy privjfite, neidier was any (banger permitted to be 
fhe^. Wherefore a Rekdon of diat SeflSbn I maft 

Eve only upon hearfay. Whfch I would ntiw have 4one^ 
It diat I haften to die SeflSbn this Ktofning. And I 
underftand that the Synod w31 di^kch i&me of. thdr 
Omipany to the States General, to fignify bow mat- 
ters ftand, and to know their ftuther Pleafure. I wfll 
heretherefcH-e (hutup my Lectersi wSsrmg the reft of 
the News till the next oocafion, and coimnending your 
Honour to Gods good ProtoSaon I htmbty take ttkj 

portthis }| of Drcemb. TSar B^mr^ CbafUi^ smi 

I<^x8. hundm in'sdl Jphsefr, 

TaHaH ' 

- . — ^— "T — ■ w ' .1 ' m >■•> >... .' ■ > ^' 

^ht HnmvrJfk^ f$l3f very good Lmtd^ 

THE State of our j^wrf now fiifferi a 
gr^t Crifis^ and oqe way or odier there midl be 
an alteration. For either die Remonljrant miift yield 
and lubmit himfelf to die Synod, of whkh I 
fee no great pro)»hility: or elfe, die $jmd muft vaU 
to diem, which to do, ferthcr dian it hath aheady doo^ 
I fee not how it can ftanfi with their Honour. Hov 
die cafe flood at the laft friday Se^n, your Honour 
^y perceive by .my LettCTs written |ipon*Satuiday,f 
Three tbngs dicnp were miinly urged hv die Sjmdlmd 



to thi^ BmourMe Sr.D. Carlton L. Embaffadgr. * 441 

,^^5rtnainl7 withftood by the Rcmonftran^l, . The frft 
was the point of order to be held in dMcufling the ArtJ- 
clcs: Whether the queftion. of Reprobation were "to be 
^ nandled after the five Articles, as ^he Syttod would havp 
had it, becaufe it is . none of the five Point?, and by or- 
; per from the States m»cbing ought to be determined of tiH 
. the firft be difcuft : or whether it (hould be handled ip 
!jhe firft place,, as Ae Remonflrants 'would have 
Jtjjlj^ufe,^ as they pretended, their doubts lay efpc- 
^ pialjy there, and that bang cleared, they thought they 
IHobldfhewgQO^ponforniity in the refl^^ The fecond 
jhiigVas the putting of Interrogatories, which thing 
^ thfcy much dildairied as Pedagogical The third was the 
'te)aty*of Di^utation which was to be given the Remon- 
^Srah^ whether it were to be limited or ciicumfcribed 
j^y the dil^f^^etlon of the5;wM/, or large and unlimited, ac* 
. por^ingly ia^ It pl^ed the Remdnftrants, So ftrongly 
In thde points did the Renionftrants withftand the Syhoq, 
'that on Friday laft k was verily thought they would 
$zvc gone their way, and left the Commiflioners to de- 
termine without them. But the Synod bearing an in* 
dination to Peace, and wiiely bonfidcring the Nature of 
irheir Peo^,^ lidolved yjrt farther, though they had 
yielded fiimacen|^y jihtp them 'already, yet to try a 
pttlc more the ratlier to flay the d^our of the Country, 
and cut off ^ fuipiaan'(^ jkutial des^ng. And for 
'this purpofe called ^ private Seflibn on Friday iii the 
Evening, to mollify ibme things in their Decrees and 
Proceedings. From that Seffioh all flrangers were *x- 
. eluded,^ arid what I write I do only upon Kclation,' The 
iSum of It was thi^ The Prajis much <6mpliihed him 
'bf the terpleyity he was in, by reafon of the Per- 
; f:inacy of the' Kemonftrants. For fiithhc, if W labour j 

lo keep them here, flicy will he but a hindrance to us, as J 

bitherto thi^y have l3eiii^ if we diffnifi them, we (hall ^ 



444. Mr.HalfsVleMfMjMf^liMM'qf PORT 

oidy to do what we pleaif. Whftioever it is thathere 
We do, is by Ibmetlut come hittiarand write aU tiiey 
licafi prefendy eliminated, and carried tothfoow' whi(^ 
hatb caufed ttiany hard reports ta jpais <£ us, bodi with I 
them atid otherv^re. He therdore commended to the* . 
Synod to confider. whether there mighc not be fbXxt^d \ 
ibqie meaps of accopiodation, which tnight |^ewhat 
mollify the Remonftr ant, and yet ^flkhd well ^i^jriA itl|^^ 
Honour of theSyiuxl, And ftA, ^6 ihake Way; ^ear • 
rc^ thp Letters,' which in the Morpijg by pubG<^k ' l!>i- 
.crec of' the States 'were. fotbiScientQ be ifcad U^prci 
matter in Jo ffove f jy^cf^ t^ ^^^ ^^' ^f^^ ..'5 ^^ 

claimed) and to Ipeak truth, tb^ Decrees fa^Ve %h<^T^ 
.tiepi meer matter of Fonnality to.^ight &eita'a;"fittl^ 
fer oone of them have been kept j (as'beinle^ j^^ tp 
be Powder wi&out fehot,^ ^d give a t3ap, out 3^ ^ 
JiatmJ The Letters beinjg read, they tpg^n toddu^er 
'their Minds. Some thought the J^l^^^dbeen too 6t- 
vourable to die Remonftrants already, rad that it wei^ 
bed now not to hold them if, they would he goinfi^'iinoe 
hitherto they had beeq, and for any thing appeared tot 
the contrary, meant hereafter to bea' hindrance to all 
p^ceable and orderly Proceeding^. Others on t^e con- 
trary thought *fit that all {houl^ be granted them wbllc^ 
^ the required, to (urceale the Interroga^ones, to le^ l^bm 
ipeak of Reprobation in what place, in what mannered 
how much jthey pleaied, fin& this't(X)k from them ijil 
pretence of exception, and spr^udiced iiot the\ iynits 
Power of determiniqg what tney pteafcd. A diird 
iort thought it better to hold a tniddk cburle anfl imder 
cobur of Exjdanation, to mollify ioihe of thdlr I^ecnees. 
This &rt prevailed, and accordingly it was poncludeil 
thaf the decree of th^ Synod (of this decree. I ^ye your 
Honour the Sum in my Saturday JLetters/tnade mtlio 

Mprning, (Ixoyld bp o^ore fargdy^i^ ijgnjficaijtiF 


* ,' r <^ r 

^ tle%^ BmourM S)r.l5;Carhon, L. EMaffitdor: 44!^ 

di^wn, and wfikd :m>ir beirxpreft hofv for it 

pUsa!M>ilic^fiodtahtw&^^ dw^Hemonftraotk 
in -die {|<rim9 iii'QidQ:ioq; ' TU PDisngq iIK^im wefe 

way ^f Ai^efJtb^ tbefe 1^ f^Ji^tions^iofJ liid £fliiiQA 

to try yjiAie^^^Sfi^i^^ 

Ucdetoidcn«;r 3?his^^ is ^ Wafc cibnrt^trSeffioh, w^ 
though it &em bkUede, yec bdng faaoiBlod with txitt£ 
ud long fpeakidg djpnoiig /& ^mSn^,. liook. . up; b long 

^ Oh^MoiSdyi/ tiie If ^ot Jsid^ar, ia die Mbdnng ifi& 

num. Y^T%eiDlo'wsuitiie6eveAdi :(teiib/i>£>.ihei tiwd itotl 

ifiak^ '«(ift]ch bf • thi^ gnatndS of Ecdldifaftii&l FaoOion^; 
Firft liinsg^ <^f«h^iffij^ mi^ ,«^ Se^ 

condfy of dieftf io^idh^^ ib thelRrovd?jU%i&0f^y^^ SK/Urii 
ai'^^tbem€idiertbJb&jh^ Sfkt^cees ; Thirdf 

I;^oF tlie ib^efty of th^ :<DD£fariikr kirithe: wod Item 
iui^(»fir/£M^j;> MdrtlnvheieHBaduitftailyt^ 
d»ftohi9li^teof the'B«|^&i^Cfiuid!iek:j?u]d]tQ!c^^ 
thedlfigehce of the ^S^od in endeavouring lio. eflaUHh 
^Ir Quirdiea I^itaOtfi This wasiho fiim* m his Sentioi^ 
ft tioiig Odly^ paffloilftt&^ftrain, ancUemtainiiig ziothiag 
ihiich feifttrkabk ddber for DoSrite'or Nevsi Tbs 
Jh^4^x btheKamcfdf theJ^jfMoigive/Uim groit.'dianb^^ 
juid Unified Aat.tie htfd tnatiy eaolesijpffrmr -v^iioMr ^tif 


ixJcH^gfl: <beifi^' he garnered dpe^y fajr diis 
. tfaat^lb idany Lesuiied and'PbusSm^ 
6e|te%teiy made y and £)faedi£nift flie Gdmpwiy. 
^ G6nc^bg Mmi^^ Miitini Pro^iafiiioh^ txfi.which 
ytiijr lrfonour'mjuJi«l my Opinion, thus I think H5i 
Fir6je<Sb confifts of two ^eads, ^of )x QeamX Gonfi^ficm, 
agd of a |>eaGbbIe Treaty for Union ivitb iltit±MAirm 


44^ i/ix.lAAat4 Umrs thntOt S/naJYl^OKT 

Cburchoi. I imagine that £tkc\Geaiallkjt oi-ti^CoH 

ficffions muft not tndude the JLuriEmK* . For ^^it^dmb^ 

dien are both p^ of his Prcqnfidoa the fimj^v Ubei 

ing die &me tiuig to procure fane g^i^ral Cotm6m of 

FUdi and a Unkiiu Sap|»fid{{diiBfrdtttth& Coiiiefl^ 

ftMcfaes noctotheav I viUidoiatrj^'iyr dad) in^mp^i 

rf iT* S9ir<r «A«i Miir^ l^wr iiij^y^r. : I .wk 

gnmthim dtiepart, and-dedjr; faiid idie €3^j^ fgtM 

general Coiifeffioii of Faiths 'at^iteft £» &r sg tho^ 

putrdxa ftrnt^^li^ haTe;i>ei(gate8 beie in tbeSyf: 

iKx^ I think hii projeA very poffibte, there being .-no 

Sbktx of Faith in wbicb thef. S£^. U Afiiyftir§cybt 

Cfa&rdjesflialij^e.po^tmr fe7dieir\v{)Qk^tte^ t^ 

{)ofejt^ theSjoiod, l&ctsdsh&ah^^fbif^ 

fitit i did nek Jfln the intiinatiQB concern^ 

yenunent liUhail diiok been^tter npc dias^qii(p4^ 

fiotds^i dui^^podible dia£;^^<j|ahtrd&^ Go;' 

vcmVi alike (&Atbit Frcwcb ldburdibdngi«^ amtcwai 

doc well iet vBpJEfi£x)ip9l,J b^ becalde k 

sMjr fom to 'ixi&Majdfy. &h;6teat >firi>^^ d|a£ hu 

ibtixtnSng the Pcurit 6f Gbrcinnfiefit ]xrightcK>t proceed iof 

hiuda fromdie confideradon 6f. the Jfnpo(^ii;jr of the 

diingy as from want of Love and liking ,of k m the^ 

Perfen^' Nowr &r diat part 6( tfae Proppfitioh ^hk^ 

cobceras the Lutberm^ either ic aims at an Union in OpU 

vSotij (H-a mutual Toleradom -The. firft ii without s4& 

queftion impoffibla For in th^ Point of d^e Saoaoient 

ioA the Dependences from it, as the Ubi^ity of Chrifls 

Adanhood, the Perfim of Cbrifi^ die Cnmmmcam iddo^ 

maum^ &c. Either they muft yield to ys, or we to 

diem, ndther of which probable. Their Opinbns 

have, now obtam'dxibr a hundred years^ ever (mx the 

beginning of the Refbrm^bn»and are; derived from the 

chief Audior of die ReformatkML It is not likdy there^ 

fore that they will eafilyfklly that have fuch Authority^ 

and' & many years to uphold thent But I jiippoie Mom^ 

Mfkl^>lfawtfr4(/#Sr.p.GftrItoiiJU£fiii^4^« 44J 

Jkwr MuUsm intended only a mutual ToleratioD ; and be 
it no more, yet if we confider the lodSlpofidon f^ the 
Perfptis with whom we ^ 10 dieal, I take ^ 
bfi inipoffible.; The Utfbfrmt are divided iii^ two lorts, 
^]Qr ar^ AM^V'W tfa^ caQ^dieaiy m ^viip 
^<p( hope of Modeiatioa indie fim, I 
koow. aot^ btit in the fioopd we may well; deipatr o£ 
For they, (b bear temftlves^ as diat it is evidoif thpjr 
^nwU lather agree with the Qiurdi of j^m , thai^il^a^ 
AitrCaMttfi. He that is <:Qnver@nt m Ae Writings of 

liathjahiaerly wrktenag^ CWm^ thgif 
Pf:/**/ ** Jctott li»ni^:himfelf by fiompiling Hmn^v 
his Qgojc..: Jf the 11^]^ Lump be lefiven'4. » tbofa 
two jpiei^ wiik;h: I but now named, they are^ certainly 
t0OjK)W|: fiwpp^teJVIen to d^^ 
Wits-aie natuia&r a6Hve and pr^eSing.:, and whfaaL 
carry evermore a^nvpuraUe Conc»t tp^t^ Foi^bility of 
dieir P|fcrte£b. Out o|F d)^jFrend%'Coi^^ 
jpro^xejded dus, of M^^ 

. Mr; Z)w» wcnt,8ifay .ta the ttgwr , g™; nocior ;o 
op Man; I underflbood, qot till Dixm^ t^:.I>a}r, of 
anjiment he hadtpg?. 1 I wUfat him ai;k ^1 Journey 
for diis Diicourtefie; but i hope he; Wl a good one. I 
fear Ibaye well wefiricd your Honour with w& my loQg 
Xiettersy I will thefiepjre .take my J^vie "' "' 

your jUoidlhip to Gpdsrgpp4 Protedbo. ' 

Doit tifis 4* ^jantttiy^ T9urlkmiasCbi^mM^ md 

Ta Haki 








toll.;. ; tic':i'!".'-.T!. •!" .: • .: v.'..<( [, . j,/ ,,-.'.. si /I ->v.' 
\ >j\ fiiy;^>liif ^liti^ ^ttd'^ldM: •He JJMMr Itr'^lM 

that the Som allowed iSac^'^Mkeil&il^.^'^^^S^Fi^&t 
^e, ^' WS^ 1)ed!«es'1iMtM' tl^ Eide^aiiK 

wm "fe^tt! '^ttist,- vtt w|«W6ir«MftAa;^^^^ 

Synod to^opole them* This firft was tead in Dutdi^ 
and afttrward^fbr the information of the Foreigners, ic 
Was put into Latin. The Prices then put to them that 
Queftion, which in one of the former Seffions he had 
ptQ^fkA^ via[. Whether of no they did acknowledg 
the Artides &t down in the H^^-Conferenee to cobk 

taSr tbobr Opinions, and amongft the fei^, that firft con^: 
tomig Ele^non^ Xfihadx by the Scribe was read unt(» 
Ibenl out 'of the Book. JS^^^mj beginning; to. make 
itnfwdF, Mirknuf ^rtgctU commanded that their Aniwers 
(hould'b^ takeh and i^t dowti in thdr owii Words. JS- 
^ofim fiis Aniw)driras tibii Omhtbuf in iinunre Dormtd 
bxpenfis^ (i 'dijwiRis ep$0M ni 'Deum^ecAus^ tun fojjimi 
itt^hntre ab wiima nwdy Ui MiJtin ^enH rdtumem Je^uan 
iptofH earn ^ ultinid r^onfi meo exhibitd efii Tbk their 
Anlwer, cf which ht i^)ealai, itras given on Saturday laft^ 
as I have infom»^ your Hoiiour, and it was this,- That 
except a^ Synod mam^effimk, as th6y ipeak^ l¥Ould be« 
forehand promife thenl that they fhould have free Li'^ 
berty to piiopoie their pwn Opinion of Reprobation^ 
tod refute the Gontra-Recdonftranti Do£t;rine' in that 
Pointy together with the Dodrine of all thoie whom the 
Contra-Reitiionftiiants held for Orthodox^ and ' dbat as 
&r suj tb(ey pleafed Without receiving as^: Check from 
the Synod, they were refolved to go no fbrther. The 
fame wasth^ Anfwer of the r^fl:, with feme alteratkm 
rf Words ; for the7 were qiieftioned one by one, every 
6nt by fc^iel£ tioHit^mus anfWered, that he could 
tioiiiam recifere legem^ eMque ingredi vfVM,' which tend^ 
ed openly to the ruin and oppreflkm of ihe better Gau(e« 
For by fe domg he (hoiid grievoufly wound, his Qm-* 
jSienct; before God, ahd cafl: irreparabiie fdmdalum before 
the true Worihtppers of God. Lmiabar iOtque extthjUuni 
Cirifid : Sikto^ (S ftnnem eventum commmtbAo iitiy quiven^ 
tuna efi ai judicmdtim t^'ttoi fi ntorfuos. l4erdrius fpake a& 
ter tbeJame manner, ahd added, that the .Reasons why 
they thus thongbt th^mielves bound to anfWer, they had 
esehibfted this Mqming to' the Secular Dekgatcssi Pofpi^ 
us gave ani^^er thus^ Bff^ondeo^ cMii dcbiM ^ga fuhkriM 
Patefims tevettntia^ ti^Unv&catd JanBi0ma Dei nomine, ££ 
r$ Ma etutm Mtfit mam ^jifei^ sfiid amtrntm metrniy mti 
-f^ dffifim ah uUtim meo rejpmpk EMfuimn raitimu th^ 

G g fnifili 


4yo m.Bsl&s Utters fit^ 0beSjf9k^€fI>OttT 

minis DelegoHs in quihus eHsm nam acanuico^ ^trio pnfikh 

fus id ^rndfado Deo Optimo nuixhm & ekr^9 $ffit frd^^ 
turn iri. Martinm Crggorii adviicdhim hd'Cto betfakik 
himlelf a little .whether or no be (pake noft Atfe Words 
in Paflion (for he icemed to be toteewfaat CbDlmdc) 
He replied, that he ipake jdiem. widx hi» beil Adviot^ 

^ The Pr^^s percei\rii]^ thsix thqr were relohred dot to 
anlwer, conduding the Qpeftions whidx he .had pro* 
pofedy though^ tlut the Synod might without icruple 
accept of tbd firfl: Articlcia their Remonftraoc^ at the 
Ha^ucy for their proper Tenent. He proceeded diere- 
fore 16 propoleiiiito them another Interrogatory : Whe- 
ther orjio that Decree which they (pake of in that firft 
/Lrticle, did contain the whole Decree of EletSlion, and 
Ib^ere the main ground of Chriilianitj ; or whether 
there wm nbt feme Decree befides this. The Behavi- 
our and Anfwets of the Remonftrants carried the iauK 
Copy^ of Gooatenance with the former, and Pt/fm 
plainly anlwered, ^ma copfcientia mca a Synodo mn taU^ 
tur ratiOy nm exfcEto ah ea injiru8imtm in veritiUe : idcfh 
qtie covfidtum nqn eft rejpmdere. The Prd^is thin ddng 
ipme Texts out of Johamcs Anuddiy md Armimtis^ ana 
the Hague Conference^ concluded that it was thdr 0|m- 
nion, that befides that Decree mentbned in die Con- 

. ference, they acknowledged no farther Decree of Ele^ 
on* In the third place this t^uedioa was put to the Re* 
monftrants : whether when they taught, that God chalk 
Man frofter fidem fravifam^ this were not rather to be 
called an El^ion of (Faith), than of the Perfio j fina 
tlie Perfon was chofcn for the Qyalities lake. ^ But they 
were ftill the feme. N^-^ww.was rhc Man that gave it, 
IjHit it was the common An(wer of them all ? Si liceat !•#• 
if is de S^robatieicy & Contra' t^nmiftrantium finftmia fifcr 
ea agere quantum nobis confcienha noftra & Bcdefianan fto- 
ftrarum tedijicatio ferfuad^bit Jufficerej C? hoc nobis in ante' 
ceQum fr&mittatt^^ libcnm ad quajita rejpmdebinuts : Ji mi^ 

— •■ • i 

nus^ flkre matumus. , Now beqyLife they had offenaph 
pcaled tx) their Regions exhibited in ^Scrifto to the'Secu- 
m Delegates diat Morning; 'thb'Dekg^t^' tHougte 
good to read the Writing in the Audience of the Synod. 
It contained almoft ndn€iW thing, tidtwas a Repetition 
xif their old Exo&ptiOns, that tKfeir^ Liberty was preju^ 
diced, that the Synod ^as fats ^Jk (and for farther 
jlluftratbn of this, they rcckohed Up all. tde fliarp . 
Speeches that dther ^culhtus o?»flie Divine? afCenevdj 
or any other had iifed agafeft thfem) that their Confct- 
cnccs would riot allow of tWs liiattnet of proc^ediiig, &c. 
This laft Night wastbcife ^ private Meeting, not by 
way of Seffioti, but only it wa^ k'Gpnfei'enCe to which 
fame of the Graver and Difcreeier of the Synod were 
called. The «id was only to advile ^^t courfe k heflrto 
be holdenin thd JfiDlldwirtg EK(putat1ons. It wa$ thought 
£t that, the I^jemonftrants Ihould always h6 prefent ai; 
their Meetings V and Qpeftions fiiould be propofed them i 
biit the Synod ihould proceed whether they anfwered oi* 
no: and lb they concluded^*ofa*courfe to gather iheif . 
Opinions out of their BGR>kl Mr; Airfyes will inform 
your Lordikip more largely pdradventure in (bme fer- 
ther Circumftances. His liidden and untxpefted depar- 
ture hadi made me fcrible up this morerulely and coti-^ 
ciiely than I had intended, becaufe I Was loth to iiiiii of 
fo good a Monger. Wherefore I ceafe any further 
to trouble yoiir Honour, and ^emit you to Mr. Amjei 
larger Relation. 

Dort this fourth tf]zn. TcUr IMmin Cbapiain^ mi 

Styh rum. 161^. Bpunden in aS Dio and Servic^^^ 


it ' 


I .' 

I^tgh tianouraUej my vtrygood Lard^ 

UPon H^eduefib^ ^he luntli of Jamunyy Styb mv6^ die 
Synod met not at^aH* TiMe was' g^^ the De- 
puties toiulviie of .the Ti*^ whkh were to be handled^ 
only at Night the £f^^ went in fxi^ate tc( the Ph^ 
to confiik what manner of preceedii^ were fitteft to be 
i&A. What Counlpl t|iqr gs^e ijom I know not : bitf 
&is I iee> that the coQxie he takedi is not altogedier (b 
^ellapproved by thea|. . Upon TAuffday the tenth of Ja^^ 
muay the CbnsnyHipDf^ m in the Momis^ in private^ 
where Mr. lV4rjr/ proposed junto tfaem- fotf tUngs to be 
confidered of. Firft, whether or no the T^c/S/ propoiied 
hy him formerly did not perfefUy cont^ theOpinion of 
the Remonftrants, Secondly^ dc8hjb wmm htuV^ex^ 
that £q he might exdinie i^ Remooftrahts EX^on of 

fktamy &a Thirdly^ An'tkSiofit ex f^ fSohdkattiM^ 
an poiius ad fidem d ob^diiHuiami, For this is one main 
point of difference : the I|eilaonftrant te^hes^^^i^ God 
firefam cnlj mho wndd Mieve^ mifiardaHud and ekSed an^ 

to Glory: The Contra-Remonftratit teachetfa, that God 
ordained mho Jhofdd j^Ueve^ andfi fred^nased and ebBed 
both to Grace and Ghy. The fourdi thing propofed was 
concerning the means how true Believers beoome fure (^ 
ti^eir Salvation! After this the Synod was requefledto 
deliver themfelves concembg a Method of propofing 
and examining the Thefes propofed. The.greateft part of 
them liked well of that Form which the Prafis propofed. 
Tl^e Bfighjh J the South-lManders and Ftfiiis BonwUm 
conceived feverally a Fortg.of T&^i, every Man accord- 
ing to his Difcretion, and exhibited them to the Judg- 
ment of the Synod, and had them publickly read : this 
Was the fumm of that Meeting. A 0)py of the Ihefis 
drawn by our Englsjhmen I will fend youV Honour, as 
iboih as I can procure (^e fight of themv 
^ * ^ The 

, > 

i» th J^ HofimraNeSr. JXQtibxm JL SnAdJflfior. ^f^i 

mbe fame day at Evening the Deputies met in prr 
vate as before. ^ Tbey oopf^nied y et their Coilfiiitation 
4^XMi die Point of nwmer of pipCee^^ The P!r<^^ 
invented iqeftaip new Im^rnigTWri^ a^ propounded 
4iem to the Synod, to knovH ifa^ jMinds wtiether k 
•were not fitto.pix)po(ctfaem totbeReoKinfliaa^ 
-was great 4oubt whether this \per& a thing fit tobe^doiie^ 
iinoe it is Qot likely d^ the Reny^nftrants Bdiaviour iii 
this behalf will be any other than hithmo it had been. 
Thisqueftion, a^itleemsy wastheagreat^ part of their 
ConfiiltatioD. It was at lengdi ooDcIuded ii»t the Re^ 
iz(onftrant9 Ihould be called ]xi» ^aml the Int^rogatories 
•put to th^m, the oext Sefim ^l^his Mpming^t^efin^ 
we look for aa i)pen Seflioiv wlMorewe fliid] understand 
-the laft N^h)^ -locenogatoriesy 'Wd die whole bufioeS 
of that Seifion. (For I mu|): km^^I do notweU oiq- 
ceive what was tb^ done, or to.^what purpofe. I per- 
ceive there is form variance about dicsir Form foivroos^ 
ix^: Mr. f^ajii }s defiroiu; tl^t the Q>urfe^ he l^tfa 
l^bought Qf may takepla<%.; the fygli/hBod odim^ that 
4ome more ready and compeivUoMS way may. be takea 
.What will be the Iflue of it, I cannot yet o^^efhice j 
^ ioon ^ I. can . underhand any tbin^ I wiU apquatiK 
ypiir E^wij^ur, till when, I huidbly take my leave, 

f)<Mtlns tlYjDQ* ^ . fw Owurs CbafUin^ and 

1619. 4fr^. in aU f)t$t;^ and Smm^ 

< » k 

I . . ... 

I (iippo£ Mr. 4i9iiifi can bettering Honour 

pT this laft N^hts buiSoeiL He bath been much with 
the P^fic/Sii aqdl iini^ne gnrfcrifanrls oaoft of bis Ihteatt 

■^«? ' 9i^ 

{4^ :%^^llak$*4\UmriJrom the Sjmd ^ VfORT! 

4 / ' J,. . . - .J. .y»i/ ; 

/ fjgbt Jlonoursbk, mijyp^j good Lordy 

^(yrOar iLor(Uhip>by^)^f ku^ Letters doth Jngage 
1 j|i :i^ me (q Far^ asri llAijld tktbk it not the lead part oiF 
fp^r-Hitppfaie^ if- 1 cbdhl tkit bit On any way whereby 
I 'tfiight^ie3tprefi, ih^anj^ ftdgbriionj tny thankfuheii for 
(dtej&mb} but fmce- thitr- cannot be, acknowledgment 
^'•m« fdvendo mv& pafi-fcr 1atisfa£lion. In that Let- 
ter whisli I wrote- tb 'my Lord of Buckjmhdm^ ( whttr^ 
in 1 usefitioned ydUr £jofdfhip6 won(ierh:d kindndfs to 
mc ) I intreated fa^ Lordihijip to move his Majbfty, that 
•ekhef ;b3^*-my L6i^l f<^'C4<i»d^ hisLeito^ ts^MnSe- 
crctarf«,:r'bcihg joyAed with the B^H(h^ we mi^ 
mafce !|fp' ^x\tCcU^itim'''Vfe&Ug(nrumMi^iM JSritanm: 
ii&^'mtd laft w^elt-;f&y Lord fent me word, t^a^ he 
«we ihy Letter to^the-Kiftg, who did read it over, and 
xik^dtbe^fQotito W'dl, and (b accordrngly gave or^er 
icfr^k>^'lit fdmt me Word tikewlie that the King had the 
Mf^ofii Thefij whkbl fc»t^and that he w^ niig^tily 
i^sttk^^^tihetn, $€^mjrver}r good Lord, I am weH 
iatisfied^n'thit pbtnv^ fbr we have now divided thebu- 
£l»fi*-«B€iag U3. Dr. Ward his part aifigned «q him is, 
JinfugriiHip^Dacriii de^fihmiis fidelihuSj 4S unioi Decreti 
Braidefiim^imis .• My . Lord ; of: Lund^^ part is, ^ 
fionfk ad Argumeraa BpMnJirantium^ quibm fritu ittud Ji* 
•cYiiwHi^manmr JiabiUre^ Dr. Goad his fiJtX^Jnsfi^dtio £- 
U&ionis feremp^t^i^ e'si'- fUe fikpvifa : and demop^nm bt 
jus Profofinonisy quod fides fit fiuBus EhBionis^ which dodi 
c«»c/Ari with the other. Dr. Davenant his part is. Of 
thodoxa fentemia ajfertio^ (^ vindicath raHonum Contra^ 
^^i^of^rafUiutn ah oi^eBionims l^imiifiranfiumin utroff 
methhe. My part is, Solutiammuum atgrnfemrsim f^ 
iff&pum ' ^emofifirimes ctmtra OrthcJoxam fementi^m^. The 
confufion here in handling of Bufincfi is very great; 
they do not know how to put any thing to Committees 
to li^ree of buiiners, ajnd then afterward to propound it 

' ' • to 

to diieS^iiiod to-be approved or dirpnoved; whiich hath 
bcein dbeCufixxn obferved m all Councik ;aod Synods: 
but npdaii^ is known till it he propounded ia-the Synod, 
«nd: then there are almoft .as many feveral voices as heads; 
if yourliordfliip would giw your advice lo ibme of 
the Estates in this kind, it ioiay be they would a(^rehetld 
sty and we Ihould bring biifinefi to ipme iiTue. The 
tdoHm Divines and we have met now thi:ee limes, and 
we havevagrecd on the fifDe,Propofition^ ^|id have re^ 
fclved to call one of cvejjf!Colledge of the Foreign Di- 
vines, and communicatee) ttefime with th^m j chat id, be.poilible,. all we Strangers may fet up, and throw 
down die lame Conclufions. For the Provincials, for 
any thing I cad lee, they ai^tlbfar fet againfl: the Re- 
roonftifants,, I^iJh not theJr Perfons as well as their O- 
pinion^ that I am afraid J they will not like well of our 
Moderation; : )For the EhfiniJJim of the Remonftrant^, 
iinoe yoU: Lordlhip is pleaied to take notipe of it, I 
hope I ittay without ofienoe.fay that it was fqch, as cer- 
tainly did die Synod nauchwiong. On Friday when 
they iecmed to yield, then the Bxteri Thcologi could not 
be beaiti for thef continuing of them in the Synod. Nay 
<he jprk](^ybifh. was put upon them was a little too pal^ ^ 

paUe } For the Delegates bad their Decree of Difinijpon mit^ { 

ten before thejf came into the Synody yet our Voices were 
asked, hoping* it (bould have been anfwerable to their . 
Decree .• but nnding it w/ls otherwife, without fe much j 

as laying their heads together for conliiltation, tbey pub- i 

Itjhed a Decree which they brought tvritten with them into the- . 1 

Synod. On Monday the late A£ts of the Remonfb^ants -j 

incredible Obftinacy being read j the theologi extert gave ' 

fuffrages (bi* their dt&oimm ; ot^y one to wit, Steiniut 
gave a bitter Sentence ; their voices being asked only,. 
who are not above a third fart of the ^rf, they were 
called inland difinifled, with fich a powdering Speech 
as I doubt i^ot but your LordOiip hadi heard widi grief 

Gg4 cnoughj^ 

4$6 JAx.H^^s Uti^4 JrMfbeSymiifDOIlL'P 

enough, I pnoteft I sun much tiffli<%:d;Wl|en { ^uok x£ 
it. For if the Remonftramsfhouldwrire, that the Piro- 
iident proDOunfced a Sentence, which war qotrhe Sen- 
tence cf the Synodf ihej ihould not lie. The CMi 
Lawyers f nd Cannon of Frame^ who writ mudi about 
the FormaKtied on^tted in the Councif of J^mt^ urge 
Exceptions of lefi moment then dieie ; fo neither wlis there 
above a fhiJ fm of the voices Mkfd^ ox qmbus fentimia fmm 
mqmt 7 neidier was the Sentence ponceived in writs, and 
approved by tUe Synods an4 the bitter words in the Sen- 
^nce were not the words of any of the fufirs^es^iialefi tkat 
ibme of them were (poken by one Man onty. Yopr Lord- 
(hips Cenfure of that Sentence h jufl: and faonourable. 
Mr. De^ of l#Vrfy?er at his^ going fiomhence, with die 
remembrance of his (ervioe toyourLordlhi^,' defired tm 
to fignifie to your Lordfliip, that he could not f)oflfibly 
meet with Ekodatus. The Remonftrants, (^9^ H^^uthat 
now told-me) have fent a rery virulent anfd fitter wri- 
ting to Mr. Bogarmanm, it may be now We fl)aiMiear of 
of it at the Synod, whither we are going: Ib-^witb d^ 
^remembratiee df my humUeft dqty and fervfce li> tout 
Lordftiip and your worthy Lady, I rauft concWe a Fe- 
ticioner, tbit your Lordlhip would ever 1^ f>Ip^ tq 
reckon amcMig your true obfervers, 

porj fh/s. 13. of Febr. * l^/n- v^ duf^fid 4ni 

16 J 8. faitf^ Servanf^ 

Jo. l^ea. 

• ^ ■.-'•■ ■" •■ " ■^ ■*-'»» tw.''» • -■■»■ 5 i.' .y - »■-•' ■ V"- V ■. ;,^ -V*.; ■ «v v. »*<>'.^ 

^^^ fimi^ablej imim:^ veiy good Lordj 

r^ hath/ple^(ed the Synod at length finally to d^ 
charge rhen^l^es of the .Remonftrants, and t» 
proceed according as they had pFcyc^led bygad^ering^ 


omMtSr^. OukoB L. BnAaJfador. 4^7 

3UI; of their Bobk^ The ttaaotier of their 
dkoMtfMi was this. ^ UpQft Monday the 4 of dfrnumy 
the'CoiQmK&noiB bejdg iei» the Pr^s Bolmcm nuule a 
^it Speocii p th« purpofe. That tjbey ihad hkherto 
lilimiifdisinUdiasfii th^layitphaire the Decree of 
the Eflacet to he kepf^ W ro bring ihe Romooftrants 
toSm^rc$iacfl^ And for ihts purpofe had 

upw Satuiday l«ft io die afiiemooa, flonveoted diem 
s^ adyiCed ihem to g»re up ihek C^inknsi j^uiedy, 
orderly fneiy, and to oefofee the cootrary ai much ag 
diey thoii^ fit» n^erving ahirays tx> rbe fiynod Au« 
diority 4)0 Judge .<^ what «w cxioFeiiim:, what wasft^ 
fident^ ivA^Qut .which«4d he no Synqd. That 
t^ had mubtdkes ja tb^ hehalf, ihaccbe^yaad 
fbxdd (b CDais^ die hu£u^^ that ihey fliotild hav^oo 
juft cauie to jcdaaiilmp. But att this khoor was loft, 
notherwoddtheyhe hoQUghc to reUocpiifli didr fiir- 
merfdfiav ior m a WHiJog exhihited wfco themidtey 
i^pified & much in cflSaft, io whjbh Wntiag d)ey 4re«^ 
fwredtkem^estoAichcoadJtians a^hadbftmhyihem 
pafii^T^/^yP^diy 7v«M«i0c«fei|B(rlyrq|i»ire^Wherrfei^ 
thc^ thought £t that -^ tl<Mlld i)etpivif^d<0 i^oSyinsMl 
to judgpii^edier or uoxheis h^d nochcMu iufilcie&t ». 
dor takea to ^e <»ittencmefii: tp the JUvnooilntQlSsif 
at leaft any dung could eq^Umrdneoi. !!|^et ibqr ihoug^ 
it taop vciucnt /once moi^ip call the Refiwiftraats he^re 
them, to lee whodier ihey weuld lew«^ ^k faoI^AGift 
^ fqi^mit to the Synqid. If oo^ dien ithey '(b9ul4 
withoiit any farther d^y prooord to judge of jdieii^ 
Q{3Bnionshy qoUe^Ung them om, ottheir Wijting^. Thaaf 
was the fiimm of that Speech. The Wfitiiig mentioR"*^ 
ed by the Fr^s PoUticus m hisj^edi was then x^larSk 
in liutcll^ fhmjfxLaw^ in which tbe ^etoi^iftrants, de- 
^a]^ diac diey wodid iiibmit tbemiHye^ to die Syno({ 
upoa' fiiob oxadlitions' as had been formbrly requir^^ 
ptberwlie no. Aftor this was die Syiiod requdfted toi 


45^ Mr. Htln^s U^sjrofi the Spi^Jrf DOKT 

4diver dietf Opinionty whether order fiiffident to omh 
Cent the ReiQonftnuiti had not been taken. It wasjudg-, 
ed generally diat more oouid not be granted them dian 
had already been, which wasdiey thought abundantly 
(ufficient Scuhtm did in brief give as it were a9 Hifloty 
or rather an Inventory of die Remonftrants faehavioui^ 
ilnce their firft appearance before the Synod, and fhewed 
ho# contumeCouily they had handled it, how thdr .ha4 
CQhtenmed die Decrees of the Secularsand of the oyndd, 
that they had abufid them widi lyes^ dareitRd ipea^es, 
(Sc And concluded that it was unfit the Synod ihoold 
fanhcf xxmdefcend unto diem. When the Foreigneis 
had ipoken, it ^xras thought fiiffident^ neidier^did the 
Pr4ifis proceed to ask the Judgment of the Provincials^ 
knowing belike before what it was. The Remonftrants 
dben bebg called in, the Fr^fes (igmfied to tbcm^dm 
upon Ff»ii!F Morning they had -^en good hopeiof 
peaceable dealing, am at leaft in fliew (eemed to foi|go 
inch conditions as they had formerly claimed, he was 
now ind)e naMof tfaeSynodtof^uire them tojuifwcr 
Categorically, yea, or no, an vobdt fimpUdter & fim 
tmUHtm f4Bm$ Decrtto OfJinmn (3 Symdi (S ita JkifUciter 
vemre in rem pafimem. The Remonftrants foraniwer 
reqiure that thev may be permilted to read a fliort wrjU. 
ting which. they nad conceived, it was aniwered* diat k: 
needed not, there was no more required, hat their yca^ 
or no^ but di^ per(ifted in their propofil, the Writing 
was taken and deSvered to the Seculars to be perufed, 
and they conumnded to wididraw. Their Writmg was 
read, wherein having fignified, how welcome the Mck 
deration hekl by die Foreigners lately was unto them ^ 
whereas they were mymied to obey the Synodkal De* 
cree, or look for puniihment, thdr anfwer was diat it 
could not ftand widi^ their Copicience to promiie 0-* 
bedience to all Synodical Decrees, fince many of them 
ftood not widi comipion Equity, and as for.MuIft. and 
Fuoiihment, they left it to the Dilcreuon cf thofe to 

■ whole 


i( fhk^ fbttmnAk Sr. D; Carlton L. Bndfoffiubr. J^,f^ 

■ W)fe Govcrnriieht they wcit (ubjea j they would pm- 
-Vi^' their I^tience. That they intchd not to contcft 

Whfe the Synod concerning Order: that they proniifed 
' ID fabmit: but with iuch conditions as they had here- 

- tofore. mentioned.' Thus as.the Prafis laid, what they 
gave With the ^Mie hand, with *the other they took away 
again. The Reraonftrants being again called in, th^y 
were asked every Man whether diey acknowledged t!^ 

' anlwer, they all replied they did, and io were cxxbr 

- Hftdded to &blcribe their Names to it, which fbrdiwith 
was done. The? Profit then befpake them on this manner. 

' Ifbe'-I^odeT^on tf the Foreigmrs which ym fi much extolled^ 

' fr<i€€^ded ouf of their Brrour which to day having underfiood^ 

th^bofoe fromunced concernif^ you another Sentence^ ' 

%J'f<Ai Frida; lafl when you feemed to dijclaim aH iUitHitod 

' Uhrfyj and gatk hope rf fime Confomiit;^ they deate with 

■ the Synod in favour- of ydfi : but to da;^ underftanding you to 
idfufi the Synod^ ^afid fiie had^ again to your former claims 

' fhp at wi^ one i^ovfif^ thinks you iiidignos efle quibtiicum 
' diutius res agattit;' - Oneamong/l them there is u^ bath f«« 

• 4^ the. fains te JAdff "out your hehaviour fince your firfk 
footing in the Synod, Pretend yowwhitt ym wiSj the triw 

'/Citiifi'^ this your ifidiffojitim is thiSy that ym tak$ tbe^Symd 
yfor ^e Adv^rfefOHy^^^ your felves in equal fUee 

* mtb themj 'ehis oofie^' hath mansfefted it Je^ in aS yout 
*/Ji3ions, Thefewpw ihe queftien in comvoerfic ym gahe 

$f^ but Ja' ^fi^ fi nothing to the furfofi that n^ tfi ean 

be made of them. The Decrees of the Synod you have <fen* 

' fy contetimed: T^ Int&rogateries put yoti^ you have tififid 

to'af^fit^. Tour€ifatory Letterj notwithftanJing thefinfe of 

•' thei^ was exfoundtdby tbefi who gave them^ and therefore 

heft iQtew it^ you , hatfe interpreted as ym lift ^ and fro* 

fefl that ym wiU froceed according to your own Judgmenf^ 

: 'dhi m accordifig to %he Judgment of the ^fnod At kngth 

'.r^FHdof l^ you feenM to li^ by your claim <f iHiihited 

' tibtrfy' and givf jkne bo^ of feme ^of^rmifj^l hiH aS^tbie 

. 4^o. Mr. HalesV Utters ffm die SfmdqfDO RT 

in ymr mitim m» exbit^ed jcM^ hme. tettABtd^ T^ 
Sjmod bath aeak fpiUb^^ g^Jf and fM(W4fky mub jm 
hie finceritati, leoitaii, manii^etudbi %oodiy fr^iKfes^ 
$xtt%y & mendada oppoluiftis. I will d^hdfs j/cu wiek 
m other Elop ih^ em rf the Fort;fjfiers;:g4pfejpit <]UO CCe- 
piftis pede eodem cedite, with 4 Ijejfeft n^ jeur en^ 
trmce into the Synod^ with s lye jfou f^kg ywr kofve 4^ ie^ 
im denying Utely that ever you fronfifd y^ fitoes frovided 
$9 give a^/^jOHT 0$ tie Arifclesj m-.te fkuqe^tkfd 4^ fiicif mi-- 
.tmg feaJ^^ mhi^ dltbe Synffd I«e0s to he f^. T<mjtS^ 
ens 0II have heen fidl (ffia^ ^^Ui^iit^ ^futdeee^tl Jfiae 
ebeifefore the Synod tmy at let^tb f^eiifly^nd feaceaify, fr^H^d 
to the ferfeSit^ pftf>4t h^buifs fir pfnch it is fseme :tfg/8$h&^ 
you are difinij^. fitit ^ffure you the ^ypiffd /haU /n^ ,/^wmn 
« your fertifu^^ to ^l the ChrifiianJ^ld^. .angA k^ou^ ifyfe the 
r IM^I^ ^MT^l^^ ^^ P^ firi]^ SpiricuaUa^ »itb^. p^i 
,f^ time conveuient jhg^ tHft froeeod ifg4^ you. t^u^^ 
fbrei^ vos ikkgASoaf^ii Symdi nomine 4^fni$t^ Bxite, $0 
, wi^ S)V)^h i^utxcring the ftemodftianc^ W^ out j ^ 
JS^a^tfW going away laid Domi^m ^^ yu^ahit Jkfim- 
. J^u^ ^ K^end^cii : ^J)ma> Exep ex e^ickfia ttfolignaptiftf^ : 
.|Wd fotheSyiwdJbra^eup. ....•,. 
\ yj'hp ianjeday^^^t nigk there y^,^ ^ private Sefiq^ j 

* jprljat was done in it I junderftand oqt wt, I ^rajeihp:^ .^it 
. was concenitngthe prder 9f prpo^j^jli^- A|^^^ 

. UQderftaod what was 4one I will, acq^ot yqur Lqf(^i^ 

. .^ith ic» and til} thpn I huxpbly ta^e my leave. \ 

» . « -^ \ * 

* Ihn this ^IcfJsfX^ . 3Jf^ ijhifours. Qi((^l4ftt i^ 

\ « 

4^^ ffmHfMe, my very good Iprdf 

m * • * 4 ^ 

Since the Di&^on of tfae RctooQftfmts thei« hatfa 
not been any publigk Se$Qii» sujd as J omji^&WG 
|S?f . % YfhJk will pot Jbe^ They arp aJtopretJ^cr favQwrfiil- 

mbe H. tinmfdk StJD. Garltoii, Li EtnhaffaJar. 4^ t • 

tatbn ooQoenung thdf order (^ pitic^ecntiig, and in giB 
therihg materialsout of the Remonftnmts Book^ wheȣ6 
Aey may ftisM their tbtfes and Pro pofitions which rauff- 
be the ^iAydBt of theii' Difputation. This they parpofe,^ 
^ I Oonoeiv)^ todo tbrot^out all the five Articles, bc^^ 
fore they cxsm to the op^ difcufling of any one^ tot 
they are pad from the firft, and goat onto thb fecondy 
So diat tSl tfaiir Gonfaltation be ended there will not be 
any great occa&on of news. 

Againft Mr. Pruefis j(b rough hanging the Remon^* 
ftrant& at their Difiniffioii, there are fomie exceptions ta-' 
kta )yf the Deputies themtSkes. The Foreigners rhink^ 
themielves a little indire£bly d&dt withal, in that it be- 
ing pfopoj&l to the ^^rhx^e Synod tx) pafi their Jud^peM^ 
oonGering the behaviour of the Remonftrants^ . die Pro* 
vinciaU 0€rii nkp at all required to Jfealij and by theKe 
means the envy of the whole bufinefi was derived uppn 
the Fordgniera; Whereas oiv the contrary when the like 
queftion was proposed fbrmedy, and the Foreigners had^ 
fpoken very favourably in the Remonlirants behalf, }h& 
Provincials ftruck in, arid eftsbli(hed* a rigid Sentence 
againll the Foitigners 13dng« So thai there is little regtt^ 
given to the Jtu^nem if the Foreigner/^ except they Jfeal^ 
as the Froviflcials mottU hafiie theni. Again, upon the Tuep 
dojf Selfion in the Morning, there being a repetition 
n^e, according to the cuftcHn cS. tb0 late Synodical 
h6c^ when they came to tlxe A£fc of the, Remonftramtf 
DifinidSon, Lid. Crofim of Breme fignified that he per* 
cdved that Mr. Prafis m that bufine£ had been fatila ^ 
cemmotiery and had let flip, verhd quaJam acerbaj whick 
might well have bed) ipared^ that in fi> great an adl^ 
as that was, a little inore advice and oonfideration nught . 
have been uied. The Synod ought to have been con- 
iulted with, and a form of Difiniffion conceived^ 
and approved of by all, which (hould in the name . 
of the Synod have been pronounced,^ and Regiftred ^ 


45x Mr.JMcB^fUiiirsfimtirS/fibJtfDORT 

whereas now the Synod ftands Indii^ of all diatumic^ 
ccflary roughncfi which then was praftifecL It had ftooA. 
better with the Honour of the Sytiod toi.have hild * 
more peaceable Md paffionlefs Order. . Th^ Pr^/ii re- 
plyed, that for difmiflSng the Remooftiants wtihort 
z Synodical form, it was from the Secular Loixls, wh<r 
willed him immediately to proceed. What h^ Apolo^ 
gy was for inspaflSonate Ipeeches I know ng^t TheSeffi- 
on was in private, and I have no^iing but by relationi 
I hear nodiiiM; yet from Mr. Prafes concerning the Frencb 
Proje^ : as Mmas I (hall hear ought, I wiU not fail to 
acquaint your ;Honour,tiU when I humbly take my leav^ 

tkriitjdmwy Vfiar Honours Cb^fUiH^mid 

i6x%» . Btnmdet^ fft at Du^^ 

Jq« Hales* 

.' ■ '» 

The bringer of this Letter Is Str ^^Wfi^i^s Son. 

J^igh Honmraiky my very good Uri^ 

YOur Honour (hall here receive the ^ Decree of the 
Synod mentioned in my laft Letters, containing 
the form of proceeding which they will hold in dijcuf^ 
iing the Articles. The morning they mean the Depl^ 
ties (hall (pend in private, afber Dinner iti open Synod 
the chief places of Scripture upon whidi the Remcm« 
ftrant grounds himfelf (hall be opened, and Anlwera 
framed to the Arguments drawn from thence. According 
tx> Which reidlucion they began to proceed upon Thwrflap 
A i| of January irt the Evening. The Qjieftion propo- 
ied then was, An frater Decrentm de falvandis fidehhis^ 
nullum fy aliud Decrenm BleSioms. The Remonftrant af- 
firms there is none, and for this produces cenain places^ 
of Scripture. The Q)ntra-Remonftrant grant^that there 
il iuch a-Decree, but withal contends that this is but s^ 

Secondfuy Deate. For CodiGMi he) fifi r^9h9d 
t^ the SdvoHm tffme ctrtdnfiagidiirPafinsy mdm tik 
fearndpUcif detneit^ give them Fmtb as 4 means tobrit^ dse 
fmner Decree ^pfs. Butbcfore this ^Ueftioo came on 
the Sta^e, gtfaer dungs woe done at that time. The 
Sytiod^mfei^ bidfang met, at die time mentioned VvA^ 
the Letters fiom the States concerning Dr. Goads Admif 
iioa were icady and after that, (ome were fint to his 
Lodgii^ to ooodud him to the Sjmod. In the mean tinte 
were diere Letters from Mr. Dean to the Synod pro- 
duced and read together with a form of Valedi<^iQn 
and&rewell, by hun conceived. I (iippole Mr. ZVnn ac- 
quainted yourBonour with the thing whilft he was with 
yo»y whidiistfae caufe I have not lent a transcript of it: 
as tooti as I uqderftand your Lordlhipjiadi not feen it, 
I will cau£ a Copy of it to be taken. It was then con- 
duded by the Synod that the Pr^^es^ and Afleffiirs, to- 
gether widi the Secular Scribes, ihould, afiqr. d^e Synod 
was ended, repair to lAx.Dean^ and tadke their leave of 
him in the name of all the rdb, and by him commend 
their love and lervice unto hS Majefty, and render him 
humble dianb for tu& . Princely care. AU which the 
&me night wgs donie. ^ Now was Dr.Goad come to the 
Synod, aiid accordmg to die manner, conduced to his 
Seat^ where behg fit^ he made a (hort Speech, whidi 
being ended, the Synod proceeded to diicuCs the quefti- 
on above-mendoned. The Decree is, that die Profef^ 
>iois (ball exix>und thbfi places of Scripture, on which 
the Remonftnmt builds. Wherefore 3^. Pofyandery who 
is the Senior Profeflbr, b^g ablent, S^andus LiMettm^ 
who is the next in order, took the queftion, and an-^ 
(wer'd fuch Texts as we^e uiged by the Adveriary, one 
out of Jebm j. 36. ^ui credit in fiUum bahet vitam ater^ 
nam: qui nm credit nan videbit vitam^ fidira Dei rmmee, 
fufereo: Another out of Ephef. 1.4. ^kgit nos in Cbri* 
fip ante JaSa mtmdifimdamef^a ; A third out of H«b. 2 ti 


4^4 M^- ^*^*^ Lemrifirm tt)c Sjntod «f J) Oftl^ 

hnfoffibik e(l Jim JUe ji^t Deo. The fitam of SI^^ih 
«dto biranfwef at that time I cannot give. For being 
misinJFomied that it wooid be bdt a private Seffion, I was 
notatiti Bbfides Sihmdm nd Mao fiake vAj thing 
tfatt night As iboQ aa h^ h^ Amt^ i( was fignified 
bf die Fr^ei tbt the Cmfei^iU ^ho l^ere htely ^xiA^ 
were now r&rdy to make thdr appearance. It was ooti- 
ciuded, thatbieiCm&tfaebQrinefiof theSf^ 
be interrupted, cef&dn oOt of thd coiitpany flboulc! f)e 
appointed to hear the Goil^ and liiake Relation ci it 
to the Synod: Sb^the IV^^i doncluded the Seffion with 
a Prayer, In whidi \A prayed (or Mr.liea^s ilealth^ 
and for the good (ocoefs of hk Journey. This Wat the 
liimm of wl^ was dien done, andfi^Iend, oommittfflg^ 
your Honour to Odds good ptotedJon^ 

JaOUftfy ^ ^' .^9> ^ 5rrt»ce, 

, Jo* Hales;. 

The Synodical Decfce of thefixth of 
January ^ coacerntDg the manner of 
hftfidiitig the fire Articles* 

C0li4fis Mg0mr per D. Pr^^Ugm^ ofiffiM d Scritas. 
) ex jr^ifto ilbfirium DD. Detegsttrmnfiffrs^iu am- 
mhstf turn Scripfo ttm tvv4 voce heti nc trnditifterfiiii in ve-r 
tiermda hoc Spwdo JiSis fi^ metb ^cfkb cind examen ^ 
Judicium quinfue jirticulorum : amferpum tft fbtrimi flace* 
rcj uiji^psla ^uamfrimum. Collegia ad oxameH Hkd h^ftim^ 
endum jttdiciurti^ue Jmna^idmn ferio Ji aeeoifigmtt. Ac frimi 
.fiidem loco in manus Jknuou frimmn Ar$icubmL ht cujm 
oxanune^, & deihcefi in uUtrorui^ iuteno g ai m id & Ttm-^ 



^Oe ji(.^ii^«}ArSi*.D.CarltQa L EmbaffW. 44^^ 

'iis i. D. JhraJUe 4iS4t4y tit (S ixftea JiStmda, aigiiht id 
frimi mendat. Si ^uii tamen fhra^ ^ka ai.fentefUiani 
J^flm^antiiOn frofonendam ^ ejtfUatpJam ftcer^ fojfunt^ 
^m forte in Thejibm (3 inten^atcrin ijlis indicatM nm fiik 
adderevelit (S foffU^ id cui^ liberum, relinquaiitr : & ut 
pivanmJwguU collegia ante Me^edierp de hoc examine ecp^ 
iahmt j i$a fdfi Meridiem^ ne Synodm intenfiijfa^ ac mtSd 
4»ditiirtm ^eSatarumqueeJi; fifmdms pijjim oris yuofidie ae* 
IpftrremMiri^ tatip haberi videatur^ fublictsf^ nifi omnino res 
iffa aUad fffiulaveritf convene celehrabiturz in jm fotijji^ 
hia HgnimftrantiHtn axffmma VMxi;>^ ^x Scriftt^ d^umfi 
tOi i^i$rumfic ,adeo ad cmtrari<^fimemiie ar^m$mta nuikiifk 
ex S6^ift^is.defymfta r^foffiones fropmen/tur ^ exct^i^ntyri 
fMfitatH^ X>Z>.- DoSoribus ac Frof^Jforibm mpc noftratibmi 
nnhi e^tiri'/it^ Arbitritm^ D* Pr^da: reliQ:a interim fin* 
ffdn lib^rUfte di^ addends^ &j[u^tm ,etiam. de fr4fp(fiti ari 
gmntnt^fifntentii^ dijcendi.^ . ,^me ,nec^ j^^ critui^ 
^uilibiP\fiir^i:de argument^ i/H & refffofrfjimbm ^udfi cogi^ 
eet ac tnedit^twrJ Dahit autem, ff^f^ ^* Pri0(is fiijgulH Sefi 
fioHifH*Sj^ut id de ^uibfa frax'ima §ejftpne erit- agendum uf^i^ 
verfieSj^fdo fignificet, . Acji ^^uis fuerit^ qui de^-^oquami 
^^fyrte, k'H^ Prafide nhniftm non fuerat^ judicium Sym^ 
di ^iudire Jua vet aliorum cauja d^derei^ ejusy .fi jritfotim Di 
Priefidexfi apfeuaverit^ ratio habebitwry frout ifji adbtbito coft* 
filio AJfeffirm &, Scribarum^ac fiofus fuerit fluriunny e^ 
tijh Sjnidiy out r^i de qua agitur^ ejfe exiflinutverii. , Judi* 
ciifii fomatuni de quplibei Articulb^ additk ratimAm , quibui 
Jiibnixum jeft^: Pr^Jidi frivatim e^hibebitt^ ajjervandfmt^ do^ 
nef de omnibus judicium Articulis judicium farmatuin & fini^ 
fiter e^fUhjfum fuenL 

. I 


Uk ■ %% 

4^6 Ut. UAs^s Umn pM fk Sjmoi^ J)ORT 

HbmunUe^, mid ny ve^ gosd Uriy 

Von PPeihefia^ the if of fanudr^ Acfe w»jw 
Sdfion at all fa the Morning, m tfefe Evening 
Iherc w^S drtfc, but m private. In this they hi«Fe con- 
cluded the queftion about t;hdf ttiaxmcr rf PStobeeiKii& 
There was a Fbrm ccmceJired and concluded tipen^ aad 
traiifcnBed 'hy all the Bfe^tfe. Ttey odHfeluAed Bte^ 
Wife thdr^Atf^/ upon the ffift Article, which f4«*y pin^ 
pdfe piMcRfy to difculS. It Wife fete m tke EVdsttti^ c'ff 
this Seflfoh was dotie, fe'that rcouldnot get the Gofm 
bf cither <tf .thcfei hvk m my'mmtaw Lrttert 1 Witt «ot 
fail, by Gods Grace, to ferid your Hbhbtir- t*i6 Trafi* 
fcripts bf'thcm. :&fidesj there were fSkxfc ' thittgrf rf 
foaHer Wright advifed of. ^ ftrtt, wheth^ in^-cfeKvertag 
of their Jtidgihctitk Ifpott-tJle Atticfes in C6Wahc>VcSrfiei 
theFbnrfgn^sftiduia bfeMi as iiithert6 tJA^^^^d dona 
Th(fc frbvfiidab at firft flriirfd cobttefie, attd thioiqa^ 
it mpoirtt bf • good faiamifeft, ^6 ta^ Precfedto^r of the 
Foi^eigriei^; but it is cobtliAl^d, they iluft^ as- beil^ 
bettct Mrf in Aefe Cbntro^eriies thaii the "^mAi 
are, aStd therefore meet it wto they fhoildd' gRN^ 
ihore time t6 advifc. ' The jfecbhd 'thi% pjtrpdlcd was 
cohtemTng'their Auditory. Fbr they quefUdnid wha- 
therlthey fliould admit of hcaifers, 6r do all fe ])Hvate. 
CM'SibtanAis was very hot agdrift the AtftJitcw, -^ 
thought it hot 'fit that any care ffio^ite 'hid bftb^ 
asbeiSgtrihJy JVi«fiOT«/^, & fmuH Jti/tiiff^ Tliem 

fe'Jt&me feaffen of this complaint of his^ ft^ rakh^^Jrdtiihs, 
yea and Artificers, and I know not ^gdiat Rffitfe befidei 
thruft in, apd trouble tiie place. As for Women, whole 
Troops of them have been (een th^e,and the beft places' 
for Spe6lators referved for them. , Which thing muft 
needs expofe the Synod to the icorn of thofe, who Be 
in wait to take exception agamft it. But the Synod hath 
d^ermined in favour of their Auditory ,chat Seflions con- 
■' - . V iulcatorji; 

ftkftWfy^>rt(l f^viifenal ffiaii te pfivatc, but &ffioni 
ttrbefeiSft thejr ilifcufi and dohclude flmll be publick. Meet* 
kig$ "^h&tsLktf Will liot be la frequent, for men v^ffl ukd 
Iroi'e dihe tokdvife. T^his a tbefunwn, ^ far «$ f can 
Icarfi/ of wtot was dbrie at tlkt time. Td mdtrow your 
Ldrdllh?^ fli^ii -receive fiuther information, tiH AivUch 
&iib I%um% f^ :is)r leftVe, 

» • • . ■ • . ' 

/ /. Tour iMfrdfhips Chafliunl 

tiokythii' i| ^ ' md houndcn in atDu^i 

Jaiiuary* ' ' J^ Hales; 

,iii M\M4ti (tit ' inW 

Hi -»■<<, if 



|, |PCSJ^J Fi'^^'tbe tl'pf y4«»i»r> in the Evening, the 
li* ^Wrrlod befag met, Dbftot ew«.«^ infWefed feme' 
parti M Sd9[^^, U$^ WA^HP by the Remonftnmt^ 
rifted the. iaW0,t6aniiei?'a^ I>r; Si*»^4«d/x had done the? 
N^ b^itf, the ^to'bjr : bi& 'difcyft W^ri^ fof the? 
Ihbll^'taft fte i6me:whpt^'ih thd feer ^fiion had? 
tfctai -^dhdld^ ; • m difcuajbg; tliefe ar^ 

gumGQts <ik b^ ^tJtraed EJHfefcrfatlfe iafter the tnanncr c? 
L^tin 3^rmoni^. or rather pf J)ivmky Le(3|ure5, fiich: 
aiatii'iHd"irf/6a^Sa^ 6ne thing AiS- difcretiorf 

of b(f^''9i^^'Bb&(iri'vtU^ IHuch approved. * For both 
of thds' 'folding that extream and rigid Tenenr, 
which Se:(a atid FerkinJ firft of all acquainted the 
WorlcFwithj yet notwItbffaiKEbg thley held* an un^* 
parti4 and even Courfe and never ftruclc upon it. 
WJienQ^m^»> had fpoken towards an hour and h^lf,' 
iny Lord Biflbopr deUve/d hinrfelf cofice^ning die mean-' 
Jriggfrfieftttiei^ttes of Scripture, and after him ce;r-^ 
imfdAitt of die fotdign EKvfoes. After fti« 'feme Co-* ^ 
pTViUaB tffenews be yet ths ten dkys or *tt>rey and[ 
mdSi £vefliing S^flSons aw-onlv co«Mwin^thi» Au£K>ryy . 

4$ V Mr. Hales*/ Uff^t fim tbSfliod of DO.R t: 

not to \ dqtcrmkie any thing at al]. Each « oomp^f 
piuft in private conceive and fet.down irt Writing thw 
opinion cop^rnkig the Articles; jmkI when, rfiey hal* 
fo done the Writings inuft be.e^Wjitcd tq thejSy.n<j^ and 
out of thfiin ' muft be gathered tlj^^jt^d^fiQ^ winch, 
muft iland for good. Thi^ }s a ^ing jwbieh: ^W^ re- 
quire iome good time, and^|a the mej^ -vif^i{ft,^L|:fide9 
thefe Theological Le£hircs, there fliaU be nothing done 
puhlickly nn the Synod, ; ;The fime day at nigte Bifter" 
feldms^ ©ne of the 'Pcputies lately come^ut,of ^^.f/piM 
died. When his Funeral Will be I know riot- , Upon 
^Friday Morning Mr. Dean took his Journey toward Mrf- 
dUbmrgh. Upon- SaMr/Ltjf. Jthere .was no Sgffion at all 
Mr. B4/c/i«^«4/ commends his Service unto your Honour^ 
and required me to lignifie^ ^to^.7clb :tbus /inudi,idii8iat he 

had lately fpoken whh JMf(/6^^ i],,^ ^^^^^9^/. , 

by him concerning th^'^x^tp^ whlct yoif ,J^^ __ 

is privy ta Ha willed iWf 8?^^?^^^^ ^9 W^. -J^ ft^- 
nour. That, whereas yoji latfl^ jpate'tq J^^ Dea^ JCQ 

of Body, and fijdden dfcpart^e,; fpi^d ,j^ ^qcisgws !tQ 
talk with Turn. /Thus with ,%n3ibj[^ reoobmci^ 
of m> Seirvice to yqur i^mKi ? #?'«^7 ^Fe : :...*> 

Dort /Ar/ J| ijf !toHri^ihn^f,Q^ 

. January. ; V ; i» 4|/.i^)>. ^im^ / 

;:; Jo^Halcs.. 

i^f^/jf Homurabky and my very good Loroj' - ' "' . - 

^' npH E Errouiis of ppblick, Aftions (tfj fhe^^ ^ 
•• A , not;, )Very g?o6) are with Jels incpnvj^nience: 
f^ .tglej ^red tbftn amended. For .the danger ^f , altenajjon^ . 
*t.O^ (Ji%«;a^ing and^ difebling. Authority ^ makes that . 
^' the forjaii^:pi^: j^i^gfeedings admk no regrie^^ but , 

^ hdag'ixiCt Bowlbcvcr well or lU done, they muft'fSr c- 
^ver after be iipheld. The moft partial Speftator oB ouif 
^^'SydodalNA^lscannot but confer that in the late diA 
^ in3ffioa(^theRemon&-ants, with fb much Qioler and 
' Heat^- di^ Vas a greats avedight committed, and 
^ that whedier we rcfpeiS: our common Profeflion of 
^ Cfariftianity, . J^ic m/ n^ juftum fiiadii SS Ime ; or the 
** quality of diis People apt tOrmutine by Realbn of 
"long. Liberty, and not fcaving learnt to be impcrir 
^ oufly contaaandcd » in whidx Argimcnt the Cler- 
** gyabove all Men ought hot to liave read their firft 
** Leflbp^^Tn^ Synod whom it is riot now in 
^ itaegro to Idok back^ and re£ti6e ^hat is amifs without 
** difparagement, minnow go forward and leave events » 
** to Goo, and for the coiinttoarice of their adion do 
** the bcft. thqr may. ' For thb.purpofe have they lately * 
by Dqxities. appointed for that end, made a Declaration ■ 
of all their Prbieedings. unto the States General, from 
whom they have procured a Decree for Gorifirmation of* 
them» which Decree upon Mmtdaj^^ the Jr ofj^^. was pub- 
licklyjfirft in D^crA,then in^i»,read at the Synod in the : 
Evening, The particulars of > it I IhalTnot need relate,; 
asbeii)g,&0icjentlv known. to. youc Honour, The Decree 
bemg prooouncea, Ueinfius, firil ^gnified tliat ic had been 
before in private made known to the Remonftrants, and 
then in the Jiame r of IM Delegates warnM the . Commi^fi- 

oncrsof;theiSyood^ Vt.fiavy ma$wrimc €? ceierrimc de 
(fits eom^^^is, fljfpuau:^ Ut fofftm tandem affiilis Eccl^iis 
Belgici Jifbvfnk^.lw^yery gla4 tprHear ths^t admomcion, 
and it giycai m^, hppe that our .3ynQ4 ihall. haveepd not \ 
Ipnganer vG^^r at the ^rtbei^ Aires this did T^^iat, ano- 
ther of the Profcflors, difcyfij three, other ofthc Remon- 
ftrants Arguments taken out of the Hagtie Conference, ' 
accordipg t)Q! the lame form as Sibrandus and G^nam had . 
4one before^ . Thiilxing done, the Frafes .required Jq. 
Po/jfonder ' itid WdSatu to provide to do the like upon< 

"^ Hh 3 JbnrfdAy 


^urpUjf nextm^tlie Eviening (fer beCbre diiat tii 
isco be no publick Seflbn j and reqiiefting AaOampsmy 
the next day to accompany Bi/ierfMius u^ Iiir^Grava 
(whidi accordingly was done at the dme; lappoioittd/ 
be difmifl: the Meeting, So that till Tbui^ npat we 
are likely to underftaad na more ncw9 t)f theSyncxL 

I Ipake upon Tu^f^ with Mr. Phf/«y ooaixmhg 
MmUm proje6fc.' His ^nfiirer to nie was this. That hi 
pbmmunicated the thing with ibme of the dlTcraeter 
of the Synod, at)d that he had itquiredi my Lorcf 
BUhopi and Sadtetus to conceive a form of publick Qan- 
feflion. Which as ioon as it fhould be conceived and 
allowed of by thofe^who (hpuld in that behailf be coniote^ 
!od withal, he would lend a Copy of it to your Honour, 
tobe^t tQ his Majefty, by luin to be reviled and al- 
ter^ according to his pfeafiire, and £> from him to be 
commended to the Synod publickly* Whicb courfi he^ 
thinks will take good fiicoefi. As touching the poim 
concerning the Lutherans^ he thinks it not fit thui atqp 
word at all be made. I dealt wkh Mr. Fr^s conoenir 
ing a Copy of Mr. Deans Valedi&ion to the Synod; he 
answered me that he had ddiveredit to Daiffinutmu the* 
Scribe to be Gmed our,and as loon as it was doae^ftioidcl 
have it to trannribe, lofeon therefore as I can plocure 
the Copy of it, I will not fail to fscA it to your Lch^ 
(hip. Mr. Dean at his departure had an Bmvrmum bcK 
iwed on him by the Suttes. Hi»rftmii^Sct9^amtm 
fajs Lodging to him, and making a fliort Speedi oncA 
him, pi^clentcd him in the njLme of Ae SntfH widbiim^ 
m/culum as he call^ k. Whitt, or hqw mupfak was ao^ 
Man knowF. Thus eemmendtng yoqr Honour to Qcfd$ 
pood prote6lion, I humbly ttke my leave^ 

pc»t this ^ of Tfiur Ibnmn Ckdfbm^ amf 

January, i6|9» ftnmden M alt- Dfsf/^ 

UPon 1^^ the H of thisprdem ia tbe E^eaing^ 
llie ddsacing of cermm :pardciilar points of con- 
tsorerfie belcHi^g to die £iA Article, dbe Sytiod catne 
tcgedker ki private. Ithathfaccn lately jyteftjoocd^ hoy 
C&Jfti6^tobeFi0Mi#nem^£&^afM^^ The Do£briii|6 
genenJly reoei\ned by the Contra Jlemonftrant m this 
point is, That God fiift of 41 reCbireti upon the filia- 
tion of feme iingidar pectbns, and in the iecond place 
upon Chrift as a mean to bring tluB Decree to pafs. So 
that with them God the Father alone is the Author of 
our £le6^on, and Qidft oinly the Executioner. Oheis 
on die contrary eeach, <ihat Oiiift b £> to be hdA BumU- 
jnentum BkSiam^ as dbat he is Iriot (xdy the Ebcecutioner 
of 0e3jon, but the Author and the procurer of it : for 
piDof of whfdi tb^ brii^ the words of the Apoftle to 
^BfhfimSiAkt krACh^^tTf elegit nos pi CJ^iflo J ante 
faSa nmndi fimiamenta. The ^xpofition of this Text was 
the tCpedfk thing diicitfs'd at tUs meeting: and feme 
taught, that Onifl: was ^Bimdametuwn EkEUenis^ becaufe 
he was frinrns EkSermn^ or became he is Fundannmuin 
EkSman^ but not EkSienis^ or becaufe he is Fundnmek" 
turn ben^crumy which deftend iqpon us j others bnookt 
none of thofe Reftraints. Dr. Gommn fiands for the 
former fintence, and in drfcnce of it had fiid many 

. things on Fridi^. This iiight Martmius of Breme being 
required to ipcak his tnifld, fignificd to the -Synod, that 
he made feme feruple concerning the Dodh-ine paflant 
about the manner ot Oirffls being ^mdamentum Sh^io- . 

" wV, and that he dioug^t Chrift not only the Effe6l©r .. 
rf our Eleftion, but aMbthc Au&or and Procurer there- ! 
of. Gmarus who owes the Synod a flirewd ttm, and j^ 
dien I feff me began to come out of debt ; f^^fcntly, i 
jaSom as Martimus bad ^kcn, ftarts up, ead cells the ^ 
Synod, e^ ianc rem in we recifio^ and therewithal <:afts | 
Ws <5Iove, and ch^engcs MamnitH with this ^ Proverb, ^ 

• > Hh 4. ^cce 

^f iff Nfr. Hales'i Unersfrm the iymitf D(^T 

Bcce Sjjodumj ecce fidtum^ ai!Kl requires the Synod to grant 
them a Duel, adding, that he knew Mdttinm could fay 
Dothmg sn refutation of that' I^kSrine. Martmus who 
goes in 2quijpa4;e vidi Gamarus in Learning, and a licde 
beforc^him lor hjs Di(cretibQ, eafily digefted this a$roat 
0nd after Ibnie fev words of courfe, by the wifilom of 
the Frafes matters fcemcd to be little pacified, and fe 
according to die cuftom, the Synod with Prayer cori- 
Mpluded. Zeal and Dievotion had not fb w^U allayed G^ 
mams hi$ choler,but immediately after Prayers heiftnew- 
ed his challenge and required Gombate with Martinim 
again ; but they parted for that night without blow>. 
^4artiniiHj as it ieems, is iomewhat ravourable to iome 
Teoents of the Remoaftrants concernbg Reproborion, 
^ latitude of ChrUb n)erit,the Salvation of Infants, (§q. 
and to bring him to ibme conformity was there a pri- 
vate meeting of the foreign Divines upon fVednefJ^ 
Mommg in my Lord Biihops I/xlging, in which thus 
much was obtained, diat thQ,he would not leave his Con* 
f:Iufions, yet he promiled moderation and temper in fuch 
planner, that there ihould be ho difientioi^ iath^ Synod 
by reafen t>f any Opinion of his. 

Upon T&urfiay the H of this preient, thq Synfx) ttpink 
met in the £vening, Jo.Pdjander and WaUaus undertocdc 
the dtfeijce of fon^e places of Scripture brought by the 
Contra-R^onftraiit^ againft the exceptions of the Re- 
imonft^iant^: the places of Scripture were, Luk^ lo.ab. 
Qamkie quid nomina vefira firif^ajpmt in Ccelis. A foe. x i • x 7 • 
ijfcripti in libra vit<t* /^<^. 9. |'i , X^t fropqfittm DHfecundum 
0eSionem manerety fS I l/j;. f(g/irvatio fecimdum BleSia^ 
pern: ,i^ ^m, 3. f j, ^w^ fradejiinof^t ut com^nms flmt 
. fmagim filiifii^eos ^tiam vocavit, AJBa 1 3, 48^ CrediJenmt 
motamt erans ordinati 'aivitam (Ztemanu Upon . theie [daces 
pe(e two ifpake almoil thfee hours. 
* It was expcited that as the reft of the Profeflbrs hi- 
therto b^re don^ io Dr. Dt^mimnt the next Profefibr 

.Ihpuld (peak inpubHck: It is laid due heihall da k doiji 
jday in a private SeflGoo ( fpr ^cre is no puliiick dl Alwij. 
.^, and what will then be dwie.I know nat. ) What 
the meaniE^ is of this. Audience only in private, I knoaif 
,iiot But x>f this I will fay more ia my next Letters ,to 
your Honour, till whwi I leave your Inordflup to Godj 
good proteftfoa 

DOrt ^&V II January, Tour Honeuri ChapUin^mi 

16x9. ^ V ^ ' ioukden in aSDut/f 

Jo: Hales. 

Your Honour fliall here receive a Copy of Mr. D?4«i 

ferewel, I fear me it isa little imperfpft, for I undcrftand 

it not in fome places. If I can hear of another Copy froni 

' Mr. Pr4ffa who promifcd me one at the beginning of this 

week, and find it to be peffc6ker, I will again tranfcribe fc 

fThc Dean oi Worctjlers Valedi^ton to 

jchp Syned^ 

* ■ • ■ 

'on facile . mecum in gifatiam redi^ia cadavprjuff 
h<ec moles J quam agre ujque circun^^o^ ^fiu? 
mihi facri hujiis Conventus cekbrita^em Mief ith 
yidefit^ jamque me frorjm invitiffimuin^ 4 v^ 
hi in^tune avocff (^ divelUt: Neque enim* utlus eft fro- 
feSoJii^ Coflo locus aque QcsH amulus^ (S in quo tentorium 
f^hi figi make^im^ cujujqu^ ^d^ g^ft^^^ ^fl^i animus memi" 
mffi, fieatos vero vo$ quilm hoc fiid datum\ Non dignus 
tram ego ue fidelijjimi ^$num ^erimo^niam imitari Hceat^ 
qui fro Cbrifii ^ Bcclefite Jua nomine finEtam banc fro* 
fmdam: 4^uPius\ Jufiinerenh Ulud vero Qf f M ^Jvctot : 
nentfe m^to quod res eraty nm aUa me quam adverjijjlma 
hie upm valitudney firenijfmm Jfgx meuSy mifertus mjfelli, 
famuli fid revocae me domum, qf^ff^ quod cineres meos out 
/^filofs yob^ n^^ fukquam frqdejfe fojf^ norit^Juccenr 
' twrimtque 

funopitfie mhi vktmt i fim fikSiffinum^ ijuanHtm Ti»h 
iogum ! De ni$ frtfiRoj f mer» Jam filicemi§) ^k^mJ/u» 
MfuUriP ilk Deuf meusy ctij$u eg9 totus fim. VAis ijuUem 
ita feUcifer frvffifium eft^ mfit ear h^rmkoi me^ hmJ 
forum gratttlamhiiy fiAtf hsfMfhwdi iffiruSiffum fncceiam 
tttttmi iUitc veftrum vtavtnt, Mtjue tamen comHuttdm^ 
ffi Deus vitam mibi og vires initffmt J atd carfare fi" 
md& miim» 0if^ vidm. biterea Jime bme SjfmJ»,ii(^ 
mmfm terranm fiuh ^^*h cenJUiiSy ecnaHbiffm meis qui^ 
h^cufipie res vejhras me fro viriU firie ac Jedstk framosurum 
fofiEte venfee. Interim vokis emruhus ac fo^uUs Bonerassffmi 
Domini Dekgasij Keverendiffime Domine Prafis^ GraviJIim 
Affeffaresy Synrn^a CtJenJiffimiy tibique VeneranJiJJtma Sjh 
nodus Vfuverflty fgro animo ac eorfore ^etermmt vaUJicoi 
Yf^pque ffos omnes ohmxius ut fracihus vefiris imbecittemredth 
tern facer Cy comitariy & frofe^uivelitis. 

jpf^vt ImHottroploy OM ff^ very ^ood Ijordj 

I'lPon TueflayiStit sf of 3r4MiM7, at the Evening SeC 
JL Con, the. Point o( If^froh^ion was Scholaftically 
and Leame% diiqifi: hj AMngius , one of &e Palmine 
ftofefl fa rs. His Diiooune wtt the moft (uffideat of any 
liiatyet I faeafxi. He hegjxn from the Definition, -md 
{m)oeeded to how far God had a hand kk it, andhow 
& Man is the Author of his own Ddlii]6tion, and kflff, 
«niwered The ^prmflrams Afguments- He ^ake ^xxit 
-an hour anda half. I woudd willingly have given your 
Honour an Aotxiunt <^ his Speeds, but it wa» in tl!^ &- 
vening, and the Auditoryare alowed no Candles, fe 
ihat I €otdd< not ule my Tahks. And thus hafve they 
d£«ft thefirft Aitide ; thou^Icould ha^^ wifliediiixat 
the Queflion cf I^ohaiion liad been }pet farther Opened 
and ftdod upon, k bekig a Pbint of jarge ^e^ctent, mA 
e^ecialiy infifted on hf^^pnof^iM. As for Synodi- 
t»l Reibktbn in du» feft Articlqi that we inuft yetex- 


|)Qfi> till att dic^ W esimobdd aftdibhadilMciLTItefe 
h- kAtk purpoir to^«(ii8pr upoivibe ^kmi Aifidtf, df 

ci^ ^ Hijfb a0^ aqjtpote K>^ ^iTy adcoiftKfigas die 
tdk httfr done befeit ^ to dtk Qlieffioti) l^he$bcr the 
ikadx tfCbrid mm ittumkd iki^fifnMif fir 4t^ &rmljfir 

Eromig was tfaere a ptimst Seffion, wherein, belike 
fer tifae imklng dF better 1^4- tb^ whctber 

AefOxnM gfy oAto exsuiaiiisctiierdfcof the Aitklei^ st^ 
ter ^lafimenttftier &e]r had done dte &4!) 6r eHi^bew 
^ak diera of feiiid morfe ^)eedf cwdcr: Affer ^ long 
difiepcattotv evmfolm^ chac Fvfyan^ put die Py^^igf^/ttt 
lokKl of the €!SCei>ffiBg Aarpneft of d|0 Weadief, tb^ at 
jbigeh ofittchided) didfr di«y ' " 
Cflitfft tbe^ had bcgplR^ And 
d^ot kipiiffittit; wherdfoi^ c 

p(f^^$his^tf }t- Tim Mlmms^ Qh4flain^ mitBmft^ 


th— ■■ iiiiiwi n . II . 1 ^. 11 1. '■ ( K - I|[iiii, ,n i> 11 

UPbn IrWapr tbeg Q^fanaary^ there Wasa Meei&g 
of the Synod j^ly puMick, pardPy private. Asf 
die Rwiidrf Profefei^ had d^^ fe wasDf. Daioenant^ 
who^ fetbe firft Profeffor of die Foreigners, eigoTned bjT 
the i^nf/& to do. The' iitent of his Difcouiife at that 
time, was to overthrow certaii Diftin£Kons framed b/ 
die kpmfino^ for the maintenance of their Pofiaon% 

kmf evafion from die Cmr^^^pftonftr^^ Arguments; 
. • ■ " The 

^ I 

k«/l» fL« 

iliflii ••• rii 

6 Mr. Halts sLtttinrs fim tie Sjmi «f B OR T 

be Jfpwn/hants ufiially diflinguilh upoii BbEiim,QXid 
ride it into definifom fi nidefimtam^ rtvocaiUem &'irre» 
Mem^ fcrenftmum iS fmfertmftmam , nmabikm & 
and the like. For the refutatioii of whick 
he firft (et dowh the Drikition of BieHion 
brought by the Cmna-Kgrnon/hant^md at large ocmfinned 
it: Secondly , he broi^t the Definition oiEJeHim a« 
agreed on by the J^^nim^mu^ and argued againft it : and 
thirdly , he dircftly oppugned thcfe fore-cited diftin^- 
ons J all which he. did leaniedly and fully. When Dn 
DavenmuhsA ipoken, the Auditory was commanded td 
depart. For having a purpole that others fliould ipeak 
at the lame ume^ suod rearing tbitGxne diverfit^ of opinio 
on might rife, and occafion lome diflention , it was 
thought fit that things fliould be traniaiSled as privately 
as might be. Many more of the. Foreignen delivered 
themfelves that night, aikl amongft the reft Martimut 
of Breme piopofed again his fi:^-mer doubts unto the Sy^ 
nod, concerning the Jince in mbkh Cbrifl is &id to be 
FumUmentum BU^ionij andrequeftedto berefblved. But 
D. Gemarus at this time was ibtQewhat better advifel, and 
thought it hf& to hold hispeace. This day will 
:} private Meeting, wherem every Company will give up 
their Judgments in writing upon the firft Arrcle ; and to 
morrow I undcrftand they will go on unto Ae jkond, 
and proceed in it, accordingly as they have in the for- 
mer. As for any Decifive Sentence they will give none, 
till they have thps gone through all the Fi^e.' In this I 
fijppole they do . very difcreedy* For Cnce -the ^Articles 
are mutually linked together, it is inoft convenient they 
ihould firft go through them all,fince a pre-determmati(m: 
in the former, might bind them to ]E)me inconvenience la 
the lattj^r, t^ere being ho place left to. look back,^ but 
ftaiKl they n)uft to what they havp once concluded. For 
avoiding of this, it is thought beft to determine of all at 
once. And this is all the News ciiat is here currant : 



^,thi-^. IbiimMSi.Tk Confix L.Bmlu^a^^ 4^1 

wheiv&re oommending Your Honour to God's good 
pKMfiftion, IhumWy tsifce nqr leavcit • - 

" • ■ ■ ■ '-* 

. . . - . " ' «- » 

Pojt ,4is II (f January; ^\ Tour Hmurs CbapUk^ 

.•fi^i^i , andtountkninalDiagi: 

Jo- Haiw* 

I I Poll Alm^ /i« ^ of 74mi4y7 m t^^^ d^ 

miimiSrAha & ^^tev^tiaatkrvsid nece&iy for ever/ maci; 
<o t>e affiiied^of hsSadvatidnJ Theitiamier of his DS^' 
CQiitrfe 1^9 <»)atorial»< dxt fime th^t he des & fais Sermon^* 
ao^icbolaftica^ Aaiatom^ii^ to the &fliibd ci Diiputa* 
t]^:asid Sdhook' For diis Quiie di^ Qinftioii \msne{I^ 
i^dsGpkyi^^ ' Afid chlsii> 

gll wb$ <fe*e that mghti. - . ^^ '^^ 

< , I %]j:fii with Dr^Opdd loqnoehdDg Mr. ^firenf^ who ^ 
j^ficra Qie>thflt'jbeibeard nodiing^ all of him^d that K^* 
wiQ flbvtly wnte unto ritjr Lord Ardibiihop's Secretai^,^ 
tobtf; )^^rm«i &rther taoceming Uim. . My Lord Bi^ 
^qp: of bte.ihavi: taken^ feme pains^wkh Jt^ 
Srem^«; tq hrmg hini from Us OpiniooioEt^iver^G^^tW 
%;.cb^ff)c(ilaune tpieeUaLetite Virrittcn;to MartimUf^^ 
]Q;Whidb. l^ q^fXHinded that place int the Third of Johi^ 
SaGpdUmcdtJjtfVarld^ thoiVe g/rpe hi. onfy begotten Smij £cc;^ 
V^hich IS : the. (faroiig|eftg«3iuiEid upoo wUch lAmimiiit^ 
n^ '^Ofilf. : Beyood :tbis;:here-is:ao t<lews vordi the 

rioting, ; and tl]^(^0rt)ti^ T 

humbly take my leave, * t 

• x"- 

« • r 1 

Dm^ thit ^ ^January y _ ^ 2Sjir BmwrsChtflaai^ 4nit 

J i . ; Jo. Halflft. <: 


UPon ThurfJajf the f t of January in |he Evemng thd 
SyMd flKt privately, and as Aey had (^ne irt 
the fifft, fo did thejr m the fecond Artide. ^Foi- the 
i^Mddier Dire6lion to find the places in the Kprionfitants 
Books, where the Palticulars concerning XJmvetfiU Grace^ 
are di^ft, there was a kind of Index or Concordance 
drawn of the ieveral Paflages in th^ir Writiiigs toucJiLig 
diat Subjed. The iiext Day Allowing) that is the mSt 
o(:F^h«¥r7^1fyk'nBba9 >Ml?. lUf^ifaaimACmt^lir f 

cyi^^:J|H^;abwr:aQ homv ttdc>4M •'ire^ Wtm^M:* 
hipt^lff WJhfln thejr hadiibne/^^difciJ^i^j Jd^oocl 
siwm^ cf Utfi^ vfoa Ta^Kr lilsBiiiii-theifireamg ^ ao 

tbe Fourth Aisi^' f fibriif dieLThM thect isn&Kjadtti 

qflj |i«i tp £sabd|n^biri&'iGk(A^ 

rtfiftable^ as the tf^monftrants woiddrJiii^rt k;i ' Tfaisiutlbe^ 

JUtodsisr) b much mkVfxiJItA'ii^^^ 

fpf fhe CoU6|[ea jretfaave not ^giMi M( th<l# <dpiraN^ 

upfil^dfta ^ft, ^. befidttJdot the i^i^^ 

^Hwthe &ft:Aitind& Fbr nbcmdilotiAtig ^ to^^it^ 
qhided irom:]Kifi»d afipedurawie ah dici Sj^Kkt-^i^at^ 
tb^ cMiinanded lo exMiit Wtlie'>S^tt(^' ^iflg^e^ 
.^k|ie^ ooiniiRQi^d^' ' Noi^ ^sid tlmeVifffi^be^ 
or de^nMWiiiig <£'^lib({^'R(Mlo^' if they W 
cA'latfiikRm^n,: and ifuiiiis^'yk &«r«.)^^ fi^mi^ «i' 
tp thai: But-vrfaatclie ibai&ii df t tbkltifti^is^lf^'^^^ 
hereafter. j.-.. «; ' ■ - . 

I lately writ unto Mr. C«to4i7 to know what Order was? 
&^rbe takt^ lor liie ilifslMirge of my Lodgfog^ %heiihar 
your Hoodov «k^ t^^anfwer it, or the pubUc Ptiifd^ Z 
wonld^ wiiiipgly be refolded of it, becaule I have a defire 
r.'-^^ ta 

totetumiD die Hgiv; firft, hccxa&^ Sj^mx} pn^i* 
cecxling as it dadh, I do not lee dxat ,k m eftr^ /fv^NW 
forme beie to ahUe; and then becaufe I havefindiy 
private oocafioos thatcall upon me to retura For Q9^ 
wiMandii^ tUs haftc^ rt which I but now fpakc^ it 
will be kng eie ^ Spod wiQ come to detenmne ^iy 
thing, and about that dme» if your Honour ihall b^ & 
pksifidy I (hall he ready to come back to i)«rf. Aad^ 
fcmembrii^ my Service tinto your Honoiir» I huQib)i/ 
take m}r leave^ 

.. / J • 


^1^ tbmunifk^mdn^ vny good Im^ 

OIJIR Syiiodgoef6ain»aWaicb,th^mamwfaccli 
tipoft whi(6b the whdie Bufinefi tups ai« leift ^^ 
fight. -For all thkigs of ctioment aare a^edin prhnte 
S^oiir;' what k done in publfck &bfii;f|:'for{hew^cMd 
entertitiiiment Uj^M Jllm£fr kft the^iidii of Fi^iraiigi 
Jlyhfwooy the Depiitfes mdf privateljit ^cheEveiung^ 
wheitthe firftthmg that c^mt upon the Sage wat.tbif: 
dd impettidefnt Bd&iei (X)oceriffli[g thit C^m^m/S 
Wfa^' ijime Se^^lerUfi % l(ffmi^tmf ^4kii&^ ^ ^oiiad 
beeti formerly dtGdR>appe«ir before the Synod, hamig 
ftot appea^d at tknef apm^med^ pttteaded Sckneis, «um[ 
for that eauilehe requirmtfae Synodspsittent &rbeamiic4 
After this irhdy erttM ioio oosifidtsuion omoenKbg oe^^ 
Cain Bd6ks and Wrirings to be conen^ed partly fer^EM- 
darattoh of die Synods itemaig m the JDofibrkieof thfe 
Five Artidesy pardy in Apology (or kJLnd firfiit waspyo- 

poied that there i^odid be S(;rimm DUaOioHmf a fdiun 

• - -^ — _^ 

^^$4^ m^lim^sLM^s fremiti Spiid of DO RT 

itid jathiliar Writing drawn ^ whertki the Dodrine cif 
tiie Five Artichsj accofding tor the intent and meaning of 
the Synod,^ Aould be perfpiciioufly dcpreft for the capa^ 
xjitf oH the iXittmm fott^ and diat in Dutch and Latin, 
iThc Apotegieat W^Ktings were ai vkahtts } firft, ScH- 
firnn Bimehictim^ wherein there were tx> be refitted fiidl 
jErrors a$ 1^ 'been lately broadied : in prgudice of ^ 
tbeeived Dodcfm^ 'Secondly^ ^mpum H^mcimi wfajch 
iti^ to' doxSftinf two pares y £ri)^ a Narration of. the 
Syt¥xls Proceedings widi the Hpnonfham^ firom the day 
of his firft Appearance, till the time of hisEje^ion ; fix 
tb^ refbfcatklb cif kfiany bkter Ihve^vef i;Aiidi htdtjfr bid 
beieh Writixst • agaifafir . the Synod in that behalf : Seooiid- 
ly, A4lektl(Hi de Csttfis Turbarum, who were the'' ilu- 
riiors of the late Stit^ m time of the Separation ; for An-. 
Jfwer ol^ Efijcop^ his Orations, mJ oth er Writings of 
the If^monftrdnts J m which the whole AiClbrder is turaeif 
upon the Cantr^I^mon/irant. ¥.(X tht. Scriftmn DidaBi^ 
cum^ the Ew^j/B^'Wtre' dlfogeftic^r^ igi&ft k ; arid ^Va^ 
^odkrgm, TbqkjReifofj wS$ ,-. hpca<#fti. it J[j?eijjed incon- 
gnJBQui daat aay^ i^jjxin^pog^fik^ JSo^ioe of^thfe 
rArticIfs fldf^iAh^ik^Am^ M g»ven 

fiwl)eii«4 Alidted^JilBtuft QC^ coir-* 

«uit^ jl)%el 3?ud^eft)i' Whilft AfefWiyr ^re in controvcr- 
^r.!judgear:!ralk itfpaifly^-«d^f!i*pdiffercntfo^^ 
j»ity<fand.w&at&e.ver ;tWr jQBmt be, yet,thcy make 
vop^tfxmksi k:filltia?P; p£ Sentence :^oine.All this buiS* 
jnsIS of ciifrig^:efi^ring^tx4mim»s^ Pfift needs feem ody 
as :a<acd oniarSls^i jf . jJ^eSyq^ iitempelKvely before- 
iuipd beiwiu;^ jiote&kitiip^ 3U(;' nptwithf^^ding any rea*. 
&n allcdg^ ilgl^irill ie: . tbel , thiog ^ iflt . conclude, aiu^ 
JiflkBftii^VJfmavttus^Xii triglandiift arV d^ted to write |i 
jpilcQurfe tothsit pUrpo^f tKriib Kh^j||)(pe^oa apdffapcr-'^ 
Viiion piF my Lc^d , Piil^)p, S^M^^h JBriuingerfU, aad 
Ikodattu. Fqt tbe Serif turn 'Hifyrfpum in die firA part 

^fvceming; the proceeding pt ^j^ Sy^iod ! with t\m i(^^ 

ioik ^ tionourSk St D. Carlton, LiaoAiffakfi j^$f 

Wumfhanty there is required the pains of Scaltttus andlW* 
gkmdius : in the ieoond part de <at^ turhanm^^ Lsum 
muft bellow his labour ^ with the help oi Feftiut 
Hmmus^ of the Somb'H&llafukrs and Nortb^Hotlandns^ 
who beft tf any know the whole caorriage of that Mat- 
ter. Todiecompoiing of the Serif turn ^enchictmy there 
are deputed four of me Provincialg Profeflbrs, Jo. Pofy- 
mider^ UAbertus^ Gomam and TJyJuu ; to whom are ad^ 
joyned as Helpem iand Supenrilbrs D. Davenant^ Akn^iut 
and Mattmius. ^i die Skifineisof this Writing paft not 
without feme oppofitionl Deodar, altogether mSliked it ^ 
PolyanJer requeftedthat his pains might be ipared : Utnti^ 
fiich he^ quarri fu mbi curtajifelkx,, But abo^e all, D^ 
Gomarus was moft offended at the Propofil ; BcUa mihi 
video^ Bella fatatmtr ait. And therefore qmte refilling to 
confent to any Polemical Writing, he advifed that thcf 
Serif tiim DidaBicum fhould abftain i nm neceffariis & fri* 
vdtis , and contain only tiecd]&ry Points , fiich as pafi 
by common conient : That they fliould cjtpeft till thd 
^Smonjitaiu had iet forth fbnse adverfary Writing, and 
dien would be a fitter time tothbk of lomewhat in this 
kind. I blame not D. Gomarus , if he a little recoil. 
For being of the Sufrdaf/ariij as they term them, of 
thofe who bring the Decree of Gods Elcftion from be- 
fore the Fall, and feeing the Synod not willing to mov:e! 
-that Way, but to fubfide in a lower Sphere, he is to be 
pardoned, if he deny his hand to that Writing, which 
he fiippofes cannot be fo warily indicted, buthemuflbe 
forced with his own pen to let fall fomewhat.preiUdicial 
to his own Opinion. The Prafii anlwered, that it Was 
not his drift to force the Synod againft their minds to fee 
out Gx(h a Book j but only to take hold of tbe.preient 
occafion whilft the Foreign Divines were here, and have 
filch a Book in readinefi for uie hereafter, though k^ere 
not now fet forth. He farther advifed that thofe who 
Were to undertake this, SboiM have an eye to the inclf- 

I i mttoa 

4.66 Mr.Halcs% Litters fidm the SpiU ^ D'O RT 

nttkn of the Synoc), and bfi^are fti tnuchis ooi^htbe 
that they toucht not there where any tnaa wasfore« 
Whatfccver* tht pretence is , the tnendoning of thrfe 
Books before the deternHnatbh of the SytK)4 & fonnally 
let down, nioft needs be rery tuileaibnabk^- \ifpHlnuig 
tke Pf^U to thinfi th^ came te^ed mb4t te ik^4iMfhA(n^b 
fcrebmcethey didj yet it is tie iOifdem te cetfefi Ww Afer 

this, did they ad^fe codcibitmng the fixGq^^ a^uo^ 
the Coi^eifion and OissdniSa^ mi i( f^agk a| (houM an^ 
fWer them. For the Ottechifin^ th^ P^^hteJAvbu^vai- 
dertdok it: for the Confe^n, SkncaE xkk^ Frfvineiids 
were ap($oimed; whoie Maims I h^ye not Wnt. The 
^ Pnefis then by the. advlbe df die Secular Del^gs^M, ad.^ 
▼ifed the Synod 00 thmic t£ gasheirtng a SyqopTis and 
Briefof aHtheSynodical Proceedings, to be ieot to the 
King of kfi^land^ and other Foreign Brinces and Sttuesf 
whoh^d ilent Deputies to the Synod, that (o they may 
t]oderft»id what hath been done. F6r this were there 
appointed Altifigius Sreinius^ the Afilffi>rs and Scribes^ 
and for Supervifbrs, were named D.Davemmt'^ Pr^^fis^ 
This is the iiim of thkt Seffioo. 

Of) TtteJUM^ at Eren, dbey net agam m pri^afie, where 
^tery one ^^ein order what they, had further ^to fay 
concerning the £cond Article. Upon £>me ogcaGoa^ 
I know not what, the Pr^s mentioned ^gotium Vwftit^ 
fturftf Bertianttm (S Vetktteriamtini whkhl aote^ hecmile v 
this is the firft time that V^rfiius his Caufe was named nx 
the Synod. There hath not been any ftay made ar» 
mongu the Foitign IXvinei, but only in this ^cdni Are»^ 
cky out of which if they can well and clearly wreft them- 
ieives,their paflage out of the reft will be more fmooth^ I 
lately told your Honour that Martimus oiBreme made Ibme 
doubts amongft the reft, cbncef ning t^mt^^r/Se/ Gr^ce. IMot 
Martinius only,but HJVari in this Poipt. ** For Ae cook^ 
^" pofing the Doubts of both thefe, that they l»afcc ncjc 
^ out to any pablicJnam¥«fiieace)^ ijbfife hush been! 


of late inznyjrivate Meemgshfji^ l^d Bi/kops Lodging^ 

i, to gi'9e cmteiu to oM forties^ iff to txhiopttp the Synod ^ or 
^ what ^ I fapo^. M/^ hj^^ Sh^ ifh^^ i^ view^'^ them , 

. On Wedfufdof (!^e fccth of February ^ there was a pub- 

^^r^fgjl ut^^h? «?#:™^^i% ^ ^^^ ^3 Ibnr before 
nun. *rle ipake apoiit an hour and a halFj aniTwheq 
he had done, the Prailes gave wajogiing of a pdbKc Seffioa 
• to be upon Monday nextiri j^l^ Evening, ^d C> dlfinifl: 
the Auditory, but hot fheSyjwd^ "vH^hpaftcTI&xs^ fee a 
locajfpaddiiipri^tlO^^^ ^ "r '^ 

7Febr. TourJti(mfittrsChafl4ffh'4^^^^H9^^^ 


XI r r r "V ' " * ' 

5. If i m. 


N ^ 

I ii> ■tififi iB iiTi ^ ij II I I 


■■— — ^— *»*!i^W"ii— I I III 

Dr. 'BAUAKOP^^'t 


From the 


To die Big^t 

• iri^i) 

Sir T>Uf>LBl[ C A<!iLTO% 

Lord Smbajfador, &c; 

MYBufincfi is now cflfeaed by your Lord- 
(hips care to my contentment ; fince die 
firftday of my coming to Dort^ tfaeyhaire 
made me an Mowance ^ual with our &g- 
li/h Divines , which is twenty Florens a day ; a lefi Allow* 
3nce liiigbt very well have ferved me, if I had not been 
Joyoed with them; but being joyned ^ it was not fit 
that for matter of Maintenance I (hould be in their I>ebtS] 
I am exceedingly beholden to Mr. Mufius his Idndnefi 
not only upon this, but upon all occalions : It dotb pro 

Dr. Bakadqual^s Letkn^ &c. 4(^9 

eee^ I iuppofe from your Lordfliip', to whom as I muft 
cverftand bound fbrtkeKtmn of 'perpetual Tbanks and 
Servio^, io I would be ^Suitor to your Lordflbip, that 
your LotdOAp would be pleaftd to give M ^4ufi$u thankt 
tor his kindtie& For^ur Sytiod^bufinels, as we went 
too (low before, io now they^ wotdd have us gotoofaft ; 
the/ would have us to diipat(^ one Artide a week, which 
k too litde- time ^rtb wd^ity^ (^leftions. But I hope 
they (hall bedonfe to- ibn\e put^)^. With the remem- 
brance of myfailhfuUeft Dcilyan^Serviee to your Lord* 
(hip and your worthy l;ad^ and my bed Wiflies for 
bodi your H^aMi and Bappbit^ t' take my leave^ and 

Z)0n^i&^ ihis^ 2d of F^; : ^urLtr^iftinMMm 
hruary^^h novo, i ! '' - reffeBs cf StMce^ ' 

'in . ; i, ^ Walter BaicauKjual, 

\ _ 


(,t . ' • • - .-I l-'r.f ^ 

, i-f r , . .\ . ..- r-: ' ..• 

Since mymes his goii^, here hath beerf «tttWng 
done hr'thc Synod of any note. On tfee St^tb 
of ftftwary now ftiBwas held the 75/A.Scffitfnl; in^ 
which nothlrig was done,' tfi* that they which' bdbrS' 
faod not ^oken m thef Secfftti Aticki did f^ctk what they 
thpught %iH lliere was hothii^ of liote'^x^ttt, fevd 
d)dt one of this Ttm^Si*^anix<kk it^tl that w^ took the /(^ 
iiM»^4iif/ meaning m thelr^ Ofkkibnsy where Aieyipeak 
^j, beft andioiindeft J but he w«iM'4«v« their ^fteSltAig to 
jH be gadiered qu^ of ^ places inHh^ir Books, whje*<^ they 
J lj)e^ moft abfi&dly, w^hlch'^^e thought Was vefy for 
\ befides Ae -Tlule -of Charity j^^fe ii« that Seflion thd 
S Synodical EKiqii^ic^ for the *«W ylr#jW(^i was mlcd, 
'^A The Prefident told us moreover,-'that the 6efegates had 
ji ^t tothc Ifimmitrmu ^d bkl deatiui4e4 of theiQ, if 

they yd am thing jii:^ yfltmk wi^ fkw fof tk^ 
cjj^qfttito or their ^^pt^oa i^cn^figcvpg €%ei fiiie,4rffch§i 

fhdar Qpujion opii^ijig ,61^ pufi ^ffrf^ffj , $$ Ijfcejfife 9 
confutation of ti^ (^k^^^ ^^y bfj<l for ckjb ii^^odopc 
<)pmioo5 ^jd a hcgilifting ^f t\mr f^pSpsi^if^jsif the ^-^ 
cfmd AnWe: no*^ Ke'.flM^fri.^ the B^pfe lef .^feiphip 
good Faithl wap >^b*m^ j»f It^ tbut H^m ^ Ju%- 
nicot wpW iimgiBc tho^ 4$G9^)^^.t|n^^ 

pcrufckj for it |5 Ji littk fc^Wjof JVfort^j^ M f^Pfr 
€x^ two ianndiTied Bli4 ia ^JFtiiw j iQ^reo^er Ibe M4 ^ 

days to brmg in all they wcbla or oDuld % as necell ^ 
for the undferftanding of their Minds concermng the 
whote.;B|w; ^ArHfUs. :0o th? 8. oif J5pirH4?j\*^A? $mpoj 
<was helfldise 77/kSdKon, in whif^ w^fli^b^4one 
bUttlnit'daRJPmldcnl: did 4i<^e to us thele drawn out 
of tfie t^gnrnfhrants Writmgs concerning the third and 
fiurt h Articles ^ which I hold not expedient to fend to your 
Lordlhip ; but if I fliSrunderftam 
do deiire them, I caneafily lend them< ^4t^3«ii|^\ttpp02ntr^fV§bH#Li?feJii^^ OMt ^Sf6fJw», ^ W 

Q|ir:|>svftkteter . C9llRg«u*BWr W^iq^'^aqflp fkwfits; 

fesond Arrapk I bi^fefi^j9oitf:^da4p «W5; n» Jl??^ »? 
<3Qwr^ my.gtirf^: ig d«re.ia^^i^ iqrchs 

Syii94 feth^w istiW<ifefli^^ {^^Pifljjjrifls 9W owop 

• • - »-« 'tl 

tsAif notice of k, bm no ways ^ from me ; The Qu«r 
ftion among us is, Whether the Words of the Scripture, 
which are fikewife the Words of our Confeffion (Chrifius 
Matt$$ ^JM imrma frQtafo humam geneve^ fiu fro feccftr 
th iotitit. mindi }beto be. undcrftooi rf 4S f articular mcn^ or 
(Mr (fih BUSf who conjift of all forts of men f Dr. Dave- 
nam and Dr. IVard are of hUrtinius of Breme tiis Mind; 
That it is to be underjiood if aH particular men: The other 

three take the other Expofition, which ^s of the' Writers 
of the Reformed Churdics, and namely of my Jale Lord 
of SoTHburj i both fides think tW are ri^ht, and there- 
fore cannot yield one unto another v^jth a fiifeCoi^i- 
cnce* it isj, n^ Xprd;, a mwer of grej^t confequence 
for us tp {et do)yr\ thjc E)Q)oiitiqn of one Article of pur 
Church-G>nfefliQn ; . Wiu ybur tordfhip therefore be 
pleaded to diink of this Propofition, firice our Judgmien|t 
of nope of the pve Atticles is to be known, till we have 
done witja tbcm all : What if we fhoyld Jefire tlie Pre^ 
fident tp take no notice » but to let us go on to the reft 
of the Article?, and in mean tipie we ihquld fend into 
England the true ftate of our Contro^erfie, ^nd have ad- 
vice there from feme of the Chief of the Church, what 
&pofition tiwy woi^ld have to be given of that Articlie 
of their Copteifion, which we may (afely follow j for 
it is no matter of Salvation in which we difier ; before 
we have dooe with 4^ reft of the Articles,, we may ea- 
fily have one Anftrcr from England y if your Lordfliip 
lHqe this Motion or an; o^ber^ your Lordfliip fhould dp - 
well by your JLetters to us to defire it ; if not, I be- 
fcech your Lordihiip pardon my Erjror^ which proceedetji 
only from my fear of diftraftion among our felves, and 
from my obedience %o his Majefties Charge, who com- 
manded me in all (udi <:a(es to have rccourfe to your i 
Lordfliip for Counfel j fo with my. beft Prayers to 
God for your Lordfliip*s Health and Happinefi, ^-ith 
the remembrance of my beft Service to your l^rd* 

114 {hi) 


4 7 1. Df • Balcanqual'i Lttters frvm the ^puj cf DQRTT 

ihtp and your worthy Lady » I take my ; Idive ixA 

perdyechj this 9. of Ff* JW LorJJhifs mall true 

/ Walter Balcanqual 

JKx wrr ^»^ Lwi^ 

T Hough your Lordftips Letters caufcd fome Anger 
here with the Informer, who was unknown to 
them ; yet believe it, your Lordfhip hath done a work 
wordiy of your Honour, and /uch a one, as if it bad 
)xen Iot undone , would when it .could not have been 
helped, have made us all heartily wlOi that it had been 
done ; your Lordfhips Letters have taken the true efie6l 
which your Lordfhip in your Advice intended, we all aq- 
knowledge your Lordfhips Counfel to be not only good 
*but neceflary ; and yet we are difpleafed your Lordlhip 
fliould be informed of the Variance j without which we. 
muft have been deprived of this your Lordfhips wholc- 
fom and neceflary Diredion. Since my laft Letters to 
your Lordflup , it is true that we agreed upon (bine 
Propo{itioDs, which are without queftion true, but they 
were ftch as did no ways decide the Queftion controverted 
in the Synod; we retained the words of Scriptiire and 
pur own Confeflions : but all the diflfercnce is in the in* 
terpretation of thefc words. > When the Canons of the 
fecond Article come- to be fljade,, it ^ill be determined 
whether Chrifi did rcaBy ferfilvere frctium redemptims frp 
fhmibus acfingulis hdminihiSj an Projiiu e!e8ij in the Syiiod 
then (hould we have differed in Voyccs j becaiiie I know 
your Lordfhip will write to my Lords Grade, 1 befeech 
your L, require a^eedy anjperjxi our Letters to m^h. Grace^ 
. We have^2tf 4 little noted the difference phicb k tike to ^^^Jhav^ 

'io ihH. BomuraHe Sr.D. Girlton X. Emhaffador. 47}' 

litre in ** this Paper lent to your Lordfliip the true 
date of the Difference, which will be concerning riiis 
Pt'Opofition ) Chrijhit tbtuUt fi fro feccatts mint muneU\^ 
I dare engage my Credit with your Lordfhi];^, that it is 
tniiyiet down, and more fully than in our Letters to my 
Lords Grace ; your Lordfliip may take fb much of it as 
you Audi think fit, and make hisGrace a^uainted with 
It, and write that this is like to be the diiterence not in 
( as your Lordfiiip is informed ) our College, but in 
the Synod about the lecond Article, ^nd therefore deCre . 
his Grace to fend us fome good counfei for our Carriage 
in it.j for certaMj fnolt Voices in the Synod mitt fottow the 
received Exfofhien tf the ^ormid DoRorSj cenf^hned much 
fy my late Lturd of Sarisbury bis G. Brtahery mbolwds 
ehought to tmdeiftand the meanit^ of our Catfefprn m meU a ^ 
m^ man. I doubt not but that your Lord(hip will crown ' 
your ^n Work with following of it ; when your Lord- 
fhip (h^ find the ifruit of peace in the Synod among^ us 
proceed by yo^r Lordfhip,-your Lordfhip will find 
great matter of Joy arifii^ from the conicience of ths 
QirifKaa CoiinfeL Our Owitrbverfie among our felve% 
I muft needs fiyi was with much Iwe and amity, no 
man defiring any thing to be put in our Articles , but 
that we (hould all approve of j but (b the Queftbn had 
never been decided : I beleech your Lordfhip pardon this 
my Liberty to your Lordfhq) j it is the love of Peace, ' 
and my Reipe£l to your Lordflblps Honour, dodi {M'o* 
cure it, ^ ' 

Since my laft to your Lordfhip 9 there hath been 
three Seflions ; firfl^the 7 8th. Seflion held on the 2d. of 
tehruao^ Novo Stylo^ in which I>. Beckons y one of the Hel* 
vetim IMvines, at At Prefident's intreaty, dkl publkkly 
diiciifi the ieven Arguments of the ^pwrnfirMnts ki CelUt, 
Hag. whereby they prove Qratiam regemratienis ejfe re- 
fiftibilem. That beihg done, all Auditors wciie mnovcd, 
an^ it wgs enquired what order the Synod thought fitteft 


474 ^* BabaKpRlV Utursfim Oe Smd cfBORT 

to be taken with the Kgmnfir^nts huge Vohime, the 
Tradcripdon whereof was ^peffiUe ; Ths, Pn^deoc 
told us, he had cafl: a general giaoGe over it all, aod 
did find that a few of the fivft I^eavies did contiun a . 
ConfirmatioB of their Opinion of the firft Article ; buc 
all the reft did contain mxhing but a Confutation of die 
Cmfrs^tfpimftrmus Opinion, and an Exagicadon of their 
Perfons j we defired fome part of it to be read : Imfi 
mtJsJkfy the Remonftrants iExtfi/ no F4vaur i fir I mi8^ 
Jwt your Lar^hif Huu the Fr^Jem fk^ mtheipmfi far$ 
§f$fi there $fiet0 fimi five l^mfes rntli pU^b cmt^^iednp^ 
tlnfig hut 4 bitter Sa^r agaitfi Calyin, Beza, Paraeus,:Fi(^ 
cator, Whiuker, Perkins, Bpgorman, Feftu3 , 4W 
twenff^ mere ^ bu( in truth, tbotigb mAdgft^y jctfiffefyfm* 
ffr^naetbopght it was Bj^c^m bis Tongue ; about the 
taking notke of this Book, the fiiQi^ag^s cf[ the Sf oq4 
did vary much ; yet moft Voices werai ^ it fkf^^ 
br ocmunkted to Gma deputed by t^ie §ynod « yfiio 
Ihoidd diligently penile it, and ^^e unto die Sy^od if 
they found any mew thing m it whii^h was not oomaioed 
iq d^eir firmer Writings; but yet fi) that aaj MssBvi^et 
of tbe Synod that wpyld^ might be fX'efent with the 
Pliers* The Dele|ates ge^ve this mediatory Sentence, 
\^uCt tbey had obi^ed that both the parts of it were 
d^firod by many ; d^y deOitd there oiight be a Fore- 
QpcmSef&nortwbkeptfbi: the npnobin which that fioall 
part q( the Book wbk:h coiitained the oonfimiation cf . 
their Opinion mi^t be read, and every man take with 
, has pen what he {hpuld tl^ fit j the reft to be put p- 
ver to Peruiers^ who fliould tt^dse Relation to tbe Syiaod 
of any thkigthey fouffd neworiit: and thetefbie dbe 
A&S>rs'and p. l^tteut^fmm the Scribe were entreated so 
run over the 6o6k, and make dioipe of wb^t thitogs 
they thought fit to be read in the Synod ; which when 
they have. done, we (hall hear more pf it. 


per te&i^ #¥6. §fiM>*; w<w wf ^awj ;N# 'tiw iiny 

and that he had lik«^ «^ved ,^:$«pplwq9^ 
Synod from the Camfenfet Oantra^^pnotilhrants. yht *Sy- 
jM rfferr^.^ebparing of the whi^ <i^iii^Xi^V^f^ 
ope iW?. of ««ry College. ^ ' . 

SeJJi$f^, l%.f ebi^ The Synodkal Difquifitbn oon- 
peming the third and fourth Article began, many Di- > 
Vines (pake divers things ^ the DilqaKition came down 

'>o ©; (fr^iixr of"Sr^^r2nd^ t&r Ttar^Syii(5dwas^dfflai^ 

-$S(p(? 8 J. , II #*J1 . We w^.-onrio: 4i^? . Syno*^ 
pifl^uifition af lij^ tlHr4 ^4 Wfb MiF|c^ wjbcre Qia^jr 
fHieij i^e tbeii; Opidlojgii fredy, whieii^i^ w^ tP S^4?f- 
^^*^f if ^I^^p! ^ 15?^; i3^.hour i i^Jiif Speech be^pojc 
ex^^tiQm a,t JKiipje 4^ 
ffjbken the day before, ^ijpecially that he had (aid (^ 

Mfore fi^^wVx^\^Hred^r ljim<SyFi,J|?tit.feew^ee» 4wg5i 

AHj much ag^infi the gravity if ^ueftiam to he difcuffed ii^'^ 

§1^1 J4^timf^ ^Qx±t tjjicb Qt i^,H3i^oiji a«wfed 

^P^ *^ ^^ Wi^; |o);i^,a5^akd ^p. ^ Syaodical Qiifr 
l^pn^^:fii (?(vtoW >P9)f ^he Iv^ocJpi^tQr $, P|a^, hrav^^ 

wouJ4..J^t|^ve,^t |;(j^Rr^ Divinity j Sibrmi^ 
fi^^MpW <3<^«^f.,5opi ^ after ro^ny woid^lofl: onait 
judes, the Preidcfent ^ |ji;^ o^^ aod|o tta;. A(^ eade^. 


■» ... 

47^ ]^« BakanqutT/ Let$ersfim the SymiiflXSKt 

and §b the dilqtiifition ended. Yefterday we bad no 
"Seffioti/ thbday we have one) of whidi your Lord* 
(hip by God^s Grace (hall bt adVerdled in my next. So 
widi the remeodirance of my beft iervioe to your hoxi^ 
^ffip, and your vertuous Lady I relir 

thrtiteeht dlts if. of 2S«r Lenrd/hifsin att 

Fdruary^ fiuthfid firvice^ - 

. Wal Balc^nquaL 


■^""'■"■■■•■^■•■"^'^••■'•'^•■■Ti^'WWiWBipwwFiiBW ■ I! I tn* % ^m f i -i i "i i '» i f 


OBlatip Cbnjli faSa im eruce prf'eBa' efi redemftio^ 
frcfitiaHo & ^JatisfMSio jro ornmhis "feccatis mim 
nnmJi tarn mgindikm ^tMm dSualibfis. Cohtravertitut an 
fer totumtttmAm imelUgatwr ntimdm eleSmtm^ m ntundus 
ynmmm farticalmm hominum: iAi ^ his trilms wAigi^ 

Primo^ An rettTienJd fit Ula JijHttSio qwt receftijfima 
' ^ afud ^sfmnatos fSititireSy fuem^ttt Bpjcepu^ Saruhnienfii 
afiruUi ^^l^y^'JiqumH^ omndmsje^ 

ymditm fi^ciefhiam feu magmtiuUfmn fretii^ tun fioimdum 
froprietatem reden^timsj fuidam fukant non rettnenJum ejji 
fiia futam fie fmtient^ dki jpoffi mortutim pro DuAf- 
Its, * * • ••■•.. ^ ■ * * 

; Secuhd^y Cmtraoitnittit de hoc fropofitme^ Cbrijksii^ 
Miffifro mnibttSj feu fe^Uvit fretium redeffftioni's pif 
mmbus : quidam fuiant finfim ejfcy perfihdr frintnh fiAd 
fiifficit po omnibus^ nm autem aSu filvit fretium Hlfid nifi 
fro rcAmendis ekBh : alii futsm- hmc oxftfinmem^ ] income 
'moJamy fuia futahf cmmienta^^ defirme. 

Ba ettnm fiuatufeqtd ChriftM'^iidmh^ fretynin 

mmmato^ ^uodftrfiUuumfi^ff^^ verum 

Cbrijbm turn fcrfilyijft aShi fretiuh ilkJ^ m faStm # 
tr(fsfiatio9tm fro j^atis t^ v.;:.;. 

Henid^ Cotttrapertitut de fif^ bonm verborum^ totiut 
fH$Jampit49a huelUgi de fihgnUs homimhm: atiidt 
foUs ekBtu^ (hieeft finguis mvi $ifiamen$i qui fimdifUTy fn 
nudtis m remijfunan feceamum) expammtifue hoc vo^ahds 
{miusmmuk) JktaAs^ffiims exflomt^ Eptft. 48. Totwi 
puOiJtis efi m maUgno fcfitus frtfter :^\m4 qwt fitnt fet 
iofmnummdum^ & Cbriftus frcfiHMit eft feccatcmm mtim 
mumb frdfter i^ieum fi&d eft fer tatmnfumdam. 

^jforUwr eirgo 4n fer toitan numdum deheamus imelligen 
fitpdesimmeSf an files ekBas^ dm vere nutta fii danda ex^ 
f&suki fed retmemU fine verba emfefftoms dffte ulh 


My tmygeodLerdj 

SINCE mylaf^umo your Loidfliip dlere hath 
becnhilothiDg of aiiy moment done in the Synod ; 
butwfa^was done^ thefum of it is this. 
Sefjio % 1,1 ^^.Siylof^epo^ Credential Letten were 
read from the fr^ms^ by which Dacon A Aifina^ was 
deputed in the CoUqge of the Frifians as a Member of 
the Sydod in the place of Meinbardus a Senior Ecck/lt 
li^mrdenpi who lately died here ; he took the oath of 
the Synods and fo was admitted. \/^^ed!rii/ the only Naf^ 
Ibviad Divine now left, by appointment of tbs Pre& 
dent pubUckly^ all Auditors being admitted, did vin- 
dicate the ten Argumoits which the Cofi^^-Remonftrants 
uied m CcUae. Hag. for povmg of irreiiftibility of Grace, 
from the objedtions, exceptions, and inflances of the 
Remonftrants : and io the auditory was difmifled. The 
Prefident giveth us warning , that on Monday at 
nine of the Clock there (hould be a SeiHon, in which 
they would begin to itad the great volume of the Re- 
momfaants, lately given ipj $fid telleth us moreover, 
that now they had given ia dieir explication of the third, 
£}urth, and fifth Anicles, but no Confirmation of them : 



'47 1 DT.MagitjaTjlami^kM ik^^mi^ OORT 

jrcr &a( the Dsiegim had obnimfM^ 

dbyv to bnnfr in siH tigsy ^roolft ^rcodd ^^olicafttjbfi^ 

ifat fi^ AfdcteiL BMOfif the tWiy e4mfi^$ RemoiH^ 

fliiiii ht thistfaeir &:^fiimi^^ Jftf# tre moA Lcmm 
flow JiM^^ <^ of ^»r<^ <W<y Reia ulifti Mi iii |^ Irf' 
lii^hjch he '«ii6iDrfiib Wi>^^ tiMs ^ArOl jKltaMM 5 

€M(e iFidief flM^ bcrcW^me^ciftia^^it iMiiwl¥Mii£ 

Journey, but that he was flopped, by the Tcarsj' MdP*>fr*: 
mg^ S^Ji\ Outcries, Lamentation^ and Prayers of 
all&!xes, andAg^ arid conditions of People, Boys^* 
Gills, MafterS) Servants, MiftrefTesy fM iHktid!^/ f^k. 
and 0I4 ^d.^vsmy more (tick Sj^e^fibaitMns ^ley&'^dfe^^ 
'Xlurdly, that they bad fimt twe :C6 the ^'md ip! inlKTe^^ 
tor them ^ o^nd ch^Fefere d^ biHnt^ly vpfotmA, ijitt utey, 
by tbeie their Procumsors nfe^ i»/|^! <Hfiifni t . j^ertfaele. 
wer^ ready odier Lacinr. iMtenhoa^ the Sehiofs olf d»ilf 
fime ChuFdh,'* \|irpndei^ loQg^ laut fe e^hramy ibo^. 
and idle, that one might j^ thEy \KOfe W]ftt»ji by joai6^ 
&dHcreet Pedant, whc^ hki. t0n himfelf ovt of Bretth' 
y itb trotting tbf ooda tU Q»e tojpick pluies of jdioc^ 
Bays RJietorick y msy eontained m tibem lifiib ^notf 
re^ons for daeir MnMbecsr non-tqtapatctee^ whUHt 
4ie fonner : and mcnreid^ xitd piioteft' thtC timti^*/ 
riiftenwere ready ^ their Itmnifey, bwt that the ift-- 
portuniry of ihejb: roarings, howlinfljs^ hkidrec^ thcat:] 
and therdFore m a ino^fi:iwid0 fttain did^defoe die ,Sni»jl 
to concek wish themfelves^ d^ they dlid bmil . n<s^ #iiitf' 
their Eyes behold this iuMul fpcQ^^ te wlt^ 

whole City of Camfs tAiak fOid Female^ joimgdoi^, 
lying be^re them, teafriog their IJair, .knocking diotr 

Breafts, piercing the Air with their Sx^»,' tad Hea^eikf. 
^idltijieii- laiilentdble^ Bmling^ hcc^mg Mtc ]^ Smk 



u the t^ iknmdU Sr. D. Carlton L. Smhffmkr^ 4^9 

intheir heads with Tears, ipd tfacir beam ready to 
bwft out at their fides forAtigqifli } wkh iticha<iaddF 
femsde foob'ih Rhetorlcjc^ as no aiaiadb^ Pen can it> 
bce^ they defire ^ iK»coinpareiice of their PaAors, 
of wh(^ Do(9riiie8 ^y might take fuflicient nodce 
without thdr perionol Prefeiee, fince it was the liuiie 
Whidi the Reinonftrants had maiacaubed ih CMtt. Ih^k 
it is to be noted iSbAt the Mag^miies of CMhff^ w£> 
before had written in di^ nia$i tlufk Favour, did not 
Mw write. 

Tiuf dly^ there was read the C(»Uni-Remonftrant Cum^ 
/a^i^ who were come to accufe the ci>4^ their amlwer 
to the reaiMs contained in the cii4H Leteersr* to the 
firftt that the Qiurch coold not want their Pre£aoe ; 
It was aniweredy that the Ckiffts Cdmpnfif would look 
to that, as otho: Cl^s now 6li to ^ charges of ^ 
the reft, y^ho were pre&nt at the Synod ; befides that no 
K^n's charge in private can excufe him' for non*cofnpa<' 
irenoe before a Judge, when he is eked. To the ieoond, 
that they were comjhg, but were hindred by the Peopk, 
St was aniwared^ that a leditious tumultuary ooncourip 
of Peopid) oi^ht not to hinder any Mem from con^- 
fence before a Judge, e^jecially fince it is known that 
thk ieditious conduce was procured by the citau^ as i^ 
evident by the confeffions of many, fwhofe names were 
there ^^efledj who being called to be fM*eieat at 
chat tumultuary aflembly refu&d ; who did teftiiie 
moreover^that the dt/ui went about be^^^ii^ bufids to fiib- 
icribe diG^e fool% Letters to th^ Synod. To the third, 
ha£ they had fent Procurators to aniwer fcHrthem; it Was 
am(wered diatk was a thing not heard of, that another 
Man ihould give account of thoie diings whidi th^ 
themlelves had taught. Thefethmgs being read, the 
Synod was repaired to give ientenqe : the Delegates 
ien^ence was this : that jy>twithftanding aU theie idle ex- 

4ailb the c*4ri were to be condenmed of Contumac}^ 


'4S0 Dr. Batcanqual's JLemrs firm the Synod 0/ D O RT 

to be fuipended from their Minlfterjr, but with this 
Provifion) that if within fourteen days after the receipt 
of new Letters from the Synod, they did perfonally 
compeir, theyfhould be ab£>lved from this fentence of 
fufpendon^if diey did not^chis Sentence (hould (land firm, 
p-o time & tunc & amm $emfore : the reft of the Synod 
were entreated that zgm& Monday they would deliberate 
of this Bufinefi, and ib give in their Judgments of i& 

Sejflo 8*. 18. Frf.] There were read publicldy 47. 
Pages of die Ifgnumft, Book ; all which did contain only 
one anlwer to the firft four places produced by the ^0»- 
ir4-Remonftrant8, in coltoiione H^, whereby they pi*ove 
that (velk Deum fibs fideks fahos fa^re ; (S if^les m 
iara relinquere) is not toium (3 integrum fradtftinationH de^ 
eretum ; the like tedious prolixity, Ibitietimes racking of 
Scripture, lometimes paring and chipping of it hath not 
been heard,there was nothbg ki it which did not rather 
make Men out of Love with their caufe than affe£): iu 

Sefpo i^.eodemdie fo/inieridiemi^ The Sentence of 
the Sjmod was asked concerning the Remonftrant dan* 
fenfisj all agreed with the Sentence of the Delegate 
given at the end of the 81. Sefiion : except only the 
the Divines of Bremen who delivered their Opinion at i\ 
large in writing; It w^s to periwade a milder Cour£^ 
the reafbns were many and well penned : when tt came 
to the G>liege of the Profeilbrs, notwithftanding that 

K Polyander hki delivered their CoUegiat Sentence ; yet 

^ Gomarus^ Martimus his profeiled Enemy, asketh leave 
t^ (peak; and {o entereth into a Confutation of that 
which they of Breme had delivered, lb that he and Mir- 
tmus fell foul in the Synod, very much againft the Dig- 
nity of fuch an Aflembly. In truth I muft needs fay, 
that fome of the Provincials do ufe Mamnius very unc^ 
villy, and all the Foreign Divines begin to take it evil 
at their Hands j he is a Man very learned, and very 
honcft, found in all the five Articles as any Man ki tbie 


h the !(. Boriouirdle Br. DlCiatkoil L Aiiajpidot. lii 

$f nod, except the Second,^ii which whte the Cahon^ 
come to be niade, your (iOrdfliip ihall here therie will 
beinort 6f his Opinion befides himfelf : tiotwithftand- 
ing of all this,bccaufe he do& miflike many of the Cmtra-i- 
t(emMflranti broad Speeches in manjr Pointy which I 
think cvety learned and godly Man wfU do j they ule 
him with fo much difcouitefie, as I will afliire yourLord- 
fhip he hath been very hear leaving of the Synod, and 
. fcis Cofleaigaes were half purpoled to go with himi 
what k blow this would givt to the Credit of the Sy- 
, nod, any Man may eafily perteive ; the Provincials in 
this take not the right courfe. Thot^b one He againft the 
^fnunftranti in dS the five Article i in fubftdnce j yet if hS 
differ firm them hut in maimtr of Jpedl^Hg^ th^ hM hini 

ks mt fimd. If by yotir LordQiips means the Prefident 
W^tre advertifed of thefe things, it might do muth good; 
tVhit farther pafleth in the Synod, your Lordfliip, by 
God's^ Grace, fliaQ hear, in the mean time, with the re- 
ihemSrance of mybtA Sehict tdyout good Lbrdlhip, t 
t^ niy leavi^, antf reft ,' 

itordreht this 1 8. of Tiur LorJ/hifsin all true 

Feb* Style novoi H^JpeHi of Service^ 

• Walter BalcanquaU 


u .. 


Ince my laft Lfettcrs to yobr Lbrdihip, Aiere hath' 
\ been nobufineils of any great note in the Synod,buc 
that which J am liire your Lordflitp will be forry to hear. 
Contention like to come to forre head, if it be not pre- 
vented in tiniEe : for there hnrh been Iteh a Plot laid ex 

Kfc ior^to; 


4*1 Dr, BalcMiquan Letters from the Synod 0/ DORT 

^cmfofito for di%raceing of the Bremenfesy as I think the 
Synod (hall receive finall Grace by it. 

Scjfio 84. 19. Feb, Stylo ^Hoyo^ That part of the Re- 
monftrants big Book was read^ which concem'cd the 
third and fourth Articles ; hecauie theie two Articles 
were now in. deliberation : there were read fifty feven 
Pages^ which for the niofl: part did contain nothing but 
an Exagiration of Ibme hard Phrafes colIe6^ed out of 
Calvin^ Bc:fa^..^^chiusy Pifcatory many Contra H^mon^ 

SeffioS^* die 19.. Fei. eodem die foji meridiem^ Acroni-, 
us and another of the Church of CampSy who had cbfiir- 
peired in the Caufe againft the K^monfirants there, were 
called iq, and the Decree of the Synod made againlH 
them whom they accufed was read ; Qhe Tenour where- 
of your Lordftiip may fee in my laft Letters.] D. Go^ 
marus being he at whom the laft Pifquifition of the third 
and fourth -4r/;c/^ ended, was entreated by the Prefident 
, to (peak his Mind of the laid Articles, hut Sihrandiisdt' 
fireth the Prefideiit firft to give him l^ve'to add fome 
few things to that he had ipoken the day before : now 
what he added was nothing but a renewing of that Strife 
which was between him and Martinius in the lafr Seff cm : 
two things he afledged, firft that he had beenat Gocle- 
nius his Lodging, conferring with him about that Pn> 
pofitioni w tether God might be called cavfa fhjfica 
of human anions, and delivered certain Affirmations 
pronounced by Godenius tending to the Negative j for 
the tfurhnDf TiirRelation te "appealed to Godenius there" 
prefent, who teftified that it was io: pcxt, whereas 
Mkrtinius had alledged a place out of Parem for the aP 
fitmatiye iq opere^ converfionisj^ Sibrandm jread a ^reat mar 
iiy pkces out of Parem tending to the contrary j and^fno^ 
cjucftion it being plotted befor^^ he entreateth diat fome 
of the Palatines (naming them all feverally) who were 
Pnrejis his Colleagues, would (peak what they did Icnow 

. -.*• 

ii tU I^HMmrdk Sn D. Carlton L BnJ^aJfM-l 4$^ 

of Pareus his mmd concerriiog the faid Propontion, 
Scultetus beginneth with st let Speech which he had id 
writ lying before hira j but fuch a Speech it was, as I^ 
and I think all the Bxteri were exceedingly grieved. It 
fliould hare come ironi a Nfan of (b good worth. The 
iumnj of It was this^ that he did know upon his owa 
knowledge that Pareus did hold the cdntrarjr of that 
which \mi btoi faUly fathered upon him in the Syhod^ 
thatbe could not endure, to hear his deafeft Colleague ior 
much abuiexl, as he had been by Ibme Men !n the Synod ; 
mpreovcr that he could pot now diflemble the great <jricf 
he had conceived, thatfome in the Synod went about td 
trouble found Divinity, with bringing in tricas SchoUfticas^ 
iuch a^ was to make God cat^aiH Ph;Jicam cmtjerfionis ; (that 
was for KLtrtmius ;) luch forfetiia tfocabulomn^ as deier-^ 
mifiate (S ttm. JifBrminare nfolumatefti ; that ibme Meti 
durft 9iy that there were ibme Doubts in the fourth yf r- 
^iff/ip, which Calvin himfelf had not throughly ^tisfied, nor 
other learned rcfonned Ddftors ; that it >^as to be feared 
that they intended to bring in Jeiaits Divinity in the 
refpsrmed Chorches, ahd to corrupt the Youth commit- 
ted to their Charge, with a ftrange kind of Ditiiiity : 
this laft Spe^ concerned D. Crocius. Sculfetus delivered 
his Mind in exceeding bitter and difgraceful Words^ 
and repeated his bittef eft Sentences twice over : he hav- 
ing ended, Martiniui with great Modefty arifwered^ 
firft, that be w<>uld read Parens his oVn Words, which he 
didj next, tbatfor S/fo-iHwiiijhe wondred that he Would 
now in publick bring thefe things up, fince ' otit of hi^f 
Love CO Peace, that very day hehadfent his Colleague 
Crodus to Stbrandusj with a large Explication of that 
Sence in which he had delivered that Propoiition, with 
which Explication Sibrandus himielf had ient him word 
that he was fully &tisiied, and fo he made account that 
that bufineS had been peaceably tran&£bd.- all this 
while Crocius ^kc nothing. Gomarus beginnedi to go 

Kk % <H| 

484 !>• Balcaoquaf i hcftm fim the Sjmd tf DOSCt' - 

OQ in the EXfquifition, but I think he (]di\rerecl a SpeecfiP 
againft the Bremcnfij^ whidi none but a mad Man Would 
Imve uttered. Firft, whereas Martmius had ^ that he* 
did defire the reiolution of this E)oufat^ qui Dcus f$ffit ab 
homificj cujus fotenHa efi fifUdy fidoHy (put eft afus omm f^ 
tctttitfj exiger9y and that neidicr Calvin nor any of our' 
Divines had y^ plainly enough untied that Knot, he re«» 
plied iirft, tl4t he that had laid £> vias not Sgnus fp fii^ 
vern Cahino cmigiam ; and that for the Doubt it ielf, it 
was ^ch a fitly one, that iffi fueri in trivi$ could ijfiui 
f^timefn dccantare ; at which Speech every body finit- 
cd: Moreover, whereas Martinim in his Anlwer to 
ScukefuSf had not ^ken one word againft him, but on- 
ly this, that he was lorry that one who had now twen- 
ty five ye^^rs been a Profefibr of Divinity, (kould be 
tbui ufed for ufing a Schocd Term ; GmMrtu very wiie^ 
ly bad a fling at that too, and telleth the Synod that 
fince fomc Men thot^ht to carnr it astray annmttm ntt- 
ffUir^y he himfelf had been a Profeflbr not only twenty 
iive^ but thirty five years ; next he falleth ytfon Crocm^ 
aDd'biddetb the Synod take heed of tfaefe Men that 
brought in thefe rmmfira,^ fortenta vocakulnrum' the Baxba- 
riiai& of the Schools of the Jc^its, dettnmnart t>C nm 
determindre voffmfafan^ mth many iuch Speeches, de- 
livered with liich fparkling of his Eyes, and fierc6>eis of 
pron6unciacian, as every Man wondred the Prefident 
, did not cut him ofFj at Wt he cutoff Kimfelf, I think 
fcM* want of Breath, and the Prefident givcth Cdtberrimo 
Df>^m G^maro many thanks for that his learned, grave 
and accurate Speech ; the Exteri wondered at it, at kft 
my Lordf of Landaffcj in good faith, in a very grave, 
fhort, (wect Speech, ffor which as for one of the beft I 
am periwadcd he ever delivered, we and all the Exteri 
thought be deierved infinite Commendations.) he fp2k<t 
to tl>e Prefident to this purpofe, diat this Synodical DH^ 
quifitlon. was infUtuted for edification, not far any Men 


iotiel(. Honmrat^&,T}.CMtt!OD^lLBmh^lJ^^ 4S5' 

to Ibow ftudium ccnientims : and di^efore did Idefire 
faim tolook that the Knot of Uoky were not bit>kfifi:. 
in this his Lordfhips 9pee^ he named no Man. The 
laft word was hardly out of my Lords Lips, but fiiri^ 
ous Gcmgnu knowing himielf guilty, delivereth this wife 
Speech : H^vermdijfim D. Pradiil sgtndum ejl htc in S^Hfh 
d^ nm oMhorkate fid ratkne : that it was free for him to 
fpeak in his own Place, ^which no Man mud think to 
Abridge liim of by their Authority : my Lord replied 
nothing ; but the Prefident told my Lord that ccUberri^ 
nms D. Gwiona had &id nothing againfl Mens Per£>ns, 
but their Opinions, and therefore -that he had laid no- 
thing worthy of rcprehenlion •• this gave efery Man 
jufl occafion to think the Prefxient was on the Plot .- 
Marttmns againft this Speech of Gomarus faki nothing, 
but that he was iorry that he (hould have this Reward 
for his far Journey. The Diiquifition went on to Thy^ 
fiusj who very difcreedy told the Synod he was forry 
Marfinius (hould be fb exagitatcd, for a Speecli, which 
according to Marnnius , his Explication, was true^ Juii: 
^ 1h%fiuswz£ thus ipeaking, Gomarus and SibrAndus^ whp 
late next him, pulleth him by the Cleave, talkerh to 
Jiim wkh a conrufed angry Noife, in the hearing and 
^ing of all the Synod,chidinghim tliat he would lay 16 ; 
afterward TJjjfius with great Modefty, delired Martinius 
to give him fatisfaftion of one or two doubtful Scnten** 
ces he had delivered, whkh Martinius thanking him for 
his Q)urtefie fully did : the Prefident was certainly on 
this Plot agaixifl Mttrtinius^ for at that lame time he did 
read out of a Paper publickly a Note of all tli^ hard 
Speeches MarHnisis had uled ; all this while Do£br Cr<H 
Ml his Patience was admired by all Men, who being fe 
grofly abufed and difgraced, could get leave of his At 
feftions to hdid his Peace. What this is like to come 
to, I will tell your Lordlh^> after I have fct down the 
Scflions. . " 

'48^^ Dr. Balcanqual?/ Letters firm the Synod of DOR'P 

> • 

Sejfto 86. 10. FfA.] There were read thirty fix Pa^ 
ges of the Ifpmmftrants Book, which cotxceraed the fifth 
'Article, it was for moft part a Confutation of the Dor 
(iStors above named. 

Sejjk 87. eodem die fofl meridiem.'] !>• JAxftrm one of 
the Helvptiaas, publickly.all Auditors being admitted, 
Jlifcuflcd the fifth Article de ferfeverantia SanBorum : he 
did rather like an Orator than a Schooi-maa 

Seffio 88. II. Feb.'] There were read publickly fixty 
pages of the Rcmonftrants Book, which Concerned the 
firft Article : they were of the lame fluff with the former, 
a confutation of the fime mea 

Seffio 89* ai. FebJ] There were read fifty feven Pa7 
ges of the B^numflrmts Book, which concerned their O- 
pinion of B^obation^ in which they did lay open the 
liarih Opinions of many of our Men, which uhlefi the 
Synod do condemri, as well as the Opmion of the He- 
pumfirofitSj I fee not how they can give the World ia- 
iisfeftion touching their indifferency : among the reft 
which was read, this was one, if your Lordfhip can en- 
dure the finell of it, infiant Cmtra-^pnon, nos fhmus fa* 
' troni refroborumj ^Jp. .juftitia divina fatroni Jumus nm 
refrobmmi j Jtcut dicendwn efi ' JD. Sibrandum ihjcrifto 
fuo advsrfus Vorjlium rum fufiefijji defenjionem latrinaritm 
^dum defendit deum ejfe in fcttidijftmis lahrims^ fid tantum 
Jujcefijfe defenfimem omniprafinM divina, quemadmodiim rm 
juftitia^ this is all was worthy the notmg intharLe<fture. 
' Seffion go. eodem die fofl meridiemJj Deodatas wasap-, 
pointed to diftourfe of the firft Article, but being fick, 
the five Btfigicln Profeflbrs difcuflfed it. 

SeJJio 9 1.' ij.Jrt.] There were read ibmc thirty 
five Pages of 'tn/c H^monftrants Book, concermng 2(f/ra- 
iatimy and fo the whole Book is ended.. 

Now, my Lord, concerning this matter of the Bre- 
metifisj it came to this height, t&t they thought to have 
gone HonK, and withal ^ere ready to have printed an 

' '• " Apology 

fo the t{. Monmatle Sr. D. Canton L. Bmhajfador. 487 

•Apology 'for themfelves, and a Narratioirpf their hard 
tlfigc in the Synod : but Ibrae of the Extcri Theo/ogi 
came to the Engfilh Collcg^, ^nd defired them to help 
to quench this Pire. AH the Exteri rake to heait thefe 
two things, firftj^ that Strangers fliould be uied fo dil- 
^cefully, for Wing twa Sichool Terms; whidi are 
both very common y next that Qtmarus durft openly m 
the Synod give liich an irrever^cj Anlwer to my Lord 
of Landaffc^ for which, linlefe all the Exteri may have 
fitisfaftion, fexcept the Palatines) I believe there will be 
a ftiameful ftir in the Synod. They defired the Englifh 
to labour the Bremef\fes to rec»nciliation 'wkhScuUetus, 
which th» Night they are doing ; whatbecometh of it 
your Lordflbip Ihall hear ; but J have (mall hopCj'^for 
the Bremenfes wiil take no laftsftiftion but pubiick; be^ 
caufe it was a publick Imputation upon their Profeifions 
and School, as if that were a place for corrupting of 
Youth ; and I think Scultetus will be loth to. give put 
lick (atisfaxftion ; yet my Lord Bilhop of Landafflsj 
Dr. Goad, and my felf have dealt ^'ith Scultetus, and 
find him tra6fa5Jjle. Dr. Davenant^ and Dr. fVa)d have 
dealt with the '^Hamcnfes, and find them mightily incen- 
fcd. M^rtinius hath never come to the Synod fin^, but 
with the reft of his Colleagues, they have complained to 
the Delegates, who I think will take order with Goma^ 
fus. We the Englifh, are purpofed (but I know not 
whether that purpole fhall hold > to defire the Delegates 
to take notice of the Wrong -bflFered by Gtmarus to my 
Lord of Landaffe. My Lordj aH I will (ay is this, there 
are two Men in the Synod, Sibrandus^ but e(pecially 
Gomarusjwho are able to fetit on fire,unle{8 they belookt 
too ; I think there is no Man will fiy, but that G&marus 
hath wronged the Bremenfes infinitely, hath wronged ex- 
ceedingly my Lord of La^ffe, and in him all the £«- 
gltjh College : your Lordfhips Counfel to the Prefident 
may bring much water to this fire. There is here a 

K k 4 little , 


48S Dr. B^lkuKpaSs iMm 

little Pamp^et to be ibli in the Synod, ^Lauii db cmeot^ 
dift & face^ written by Pctrus Bertm the Author o^Afo^ 
ftapa fy^orum : they fxf it hath been ouca gnsari)ri)2e^ 
if any of the States have ieen it^ I vondcr he is not 
ieverely puniflied: it is the moft ieditious Satyr agabft 
this State that (ever I read. Here is ^ and I am 
forrj I had ib much to write ix> your Lordihip : io 
with the remembrance of my humMeft Duty to your 
^rdHiip and your wonby Lady,I take my kaye and re(^ 

Pordrech thi$ xj* of tcb. . Tmif LorJftnpfaitlfid an4 
Sityh novo. refpe^id Servant^ 

Walter BikanquaL 



Afy very good Lcrd^ 

FOR your Lordfliips laft Letters to my icl^ andthe 
news jn the I^efters inclofed, as I ftand much bUi^ 
ged to your Honour, fo much more I with ail others, 
who love peace, and long for the happy fufcefs of thjl 
Synod , muft ever ftand much obliged to yoy r Lordihip 
for your Letters to the Prefident; lo fullof fober, good^ 
and neceflary G)unfelj the happy Fruit whereof^ I hope, 
during your bemg there, we (hall not ceaie to find^^ aa 
we have already begun to tafte a little of the iweecnefi 
pf it ; for the Ytry next Seffion after thp Prefident had 
received your Cordfhip^ Letters, at the beginning iq 
very mild and dlfcreet words, he entreated all th^ 
Members of the Synod, that iq their diiquifitio;n of the 
6fth Article, they fliould abftain from all bltteimefi, an4 
pcrfonal oppqCtion, aiid M^w Meeknefi and brotherly 
Kindnefs, which' in tlmt'Difquifitbn was oUerv€4 by 
jthe two . Belgick • Profeflony very ftriftly, and Aeir 
Phrafe and Stile tempered otherwife than heretofore it 
hath been ; io as one rnight ^e they had been acquain- 
\ ,jf .It- ' ' ( . , . . i • t . * . f* •;,;•» tec* 

to th S^ UmurJ^lc Sr. D. Carlton, t. Bmbdjfa^. ^% g 

|rd with the good Couniel of your Lord(bips Letters^ 
for I will aflure you they followed k ; your IfOrdfldps 
Joy cannot chuie but be great when you remember the 
great Peace procured by your Lordlhip, I ihouki hold 
niy ielf an Enemy to the Weal-publick, if I (hould 
not particularly inform your Lordihip of all the Pafla^ 
ge9 here^ by whom if any of them go ami£, they may 
To happily be coneOicd. The reaibn why I have been 
fiy long a writing^ is, becauie I wanted News of which 
our Synod now is very barren, and will be io till to. 
wards the latter end of the next week ; at which time 
all Colleges Judgments of the five Attides will begin 
to be read* The ^lattors now in hand are Matters of 
knowledg not of zQaon : yet I will be bold for fafhions 
iake^ to fend your Lordihip a Note of (uch Seffions ai 
have been fince n^y laft Letters to your Lord(hip. 

SeJpQ 9X. X y, Fet. Stylo Novq,'] We went on in die 
Synodical dif^juifition of the third and fourth Article, 
which at that Seflion was made an end of, sfcer that the 
Prefident did di<^ace to us, and all we did write large 
Itl^fcs colle<!]ted out cf the Remonftrants books upon the 
five Articles. 

Seffio 9g. xd. Cfk ]] Since the Remonftrants by 
commandment from the Delegates, had given up dme 
defence of their Opinion touching the fecond Article^ 
there were read 56 pages of this their other new vo- 
lume, in which they ftudied to overthrow that diftinftif 
<^n, fyfficientM if effic^tug mrti Chrifiiy and go about to 
prove that tfaoie places' of Scripture^ which Kay, that 
Chxifi dyed fro feecapis totiusfmmdi^ are to be enlarged 
Co all particular Men, not to be reftrained ai mtindim 
$leBorwn. / 

^^94. 2.7. Ffi.] • There were read pubfickly 

55 pages more of this volume of the Rcmonftrant up. 

pn the iSecond Article, m which they did vindicate their 

jPwn Arguments propounded in Collet. Hag. from the ia* 


'49 o Dr. BolcanquaFi Letters fioin the Synod of DORT 

fiances and excqTdons of the Conrr^-Remonftrant in the 
iame Conference. 

SeJIw 95^. eoJem die fefl meridienu 3 Deodatus was this 
Seffion appointed to diicuis the firft Article ; but becaule 
of the continuance of Us (ickneG, his Colleague TrmcH-' 
fttij did perform that task (or him publickly, ail Auditors 
being admitted, who with good commendation did 
e&ohliih SimHmim perfiverantianL 

Seffio gd. x8. Feb.^ There was an end made of the 
reading the Remonftrants volume on the fecpnd Article : 
dhere were read Ibme 54 pages, which were ^nt in 
the vindicating the reft of their own Arguments from the 
exceptions of the CM/r4-Remonfh'ants in Collat. Hag. 

SeJJio 97. eodem die ftft meridiem. [] We began the 
^modical di(qui(ition upon the third Article, where every 
one of our College ipoke at large, ^ but elpedally my 
Lord of Landaffe^who I will afliire your Lordfliip haih by 
his moft accurate and excellent Spm:h at the Seffion gain- 
ed unto himielf wonderful great Reputation ^ I doubt 
not but; he will lend a Copy of it to your Lordfhip, and 
thea it will fpeak for it felf ; believe me I never heard 
him do any thing like it^ and fo thinketh every one in the 
Synod j it was Learned, Devout, and the Style Ma(^ 
culous J qtUcfuid dixero minus erit : the diiquifition caine 
to the Helvetian Divines. 

SeJjio 98. Mirch i.] We went on in our Synodi- 
cal diiquiution of the fifth Article, where my Lord of 
tumdaffe his yeftcrday Speech was cited by 4[V|p or three 
leveral Divines with great Honour and Commendation: . 
the dilquifitbn came to the College of the GeldriitnsA 

This, my Lord, is all we have done \ when there is 
any thmg worthy the relating, I (hall not fail to advertiie 
your Lordfhip, hoping your Lordlhip in this time of 
my other bufinefi, wUdh muft not be neglefbed, will 
pardon both the rudenels of the hand and ftyle ; for 
bedi which my necefl&ry plea is want of time. . The 
^ . ' matter 

id theH. Hmmable Sr.D. Cariton L.EthbaJJaJor. 491 

matter between the Bremetfes and Seultetus^ with the 
other two Profeflbrs is taken up by the Pricfis^ and the 
bdegates ; the BremCPifes have fhown their inclination 
to peace, and were contented with private latisfk£Uon, 
the other three did proteft they had no hard Opinion of 
Acm^ but accounted them L^rned, Religious, Ortho- 
doxaj, were ibrry they had done that which was done, 
and would do fo tfo more : the Bremenfis defired that ox 
of our College might be preient at this fatisfa^lbn, but 
the oth^ three would no waj jield to it. Gqmarus was 
tliere admoniihed to repair to my Lord of Landaffls^ and 
toteftific unto, him his forrow fpr the word which una- 
wares had proceeded fix?m him to hi^ I^rfhip in the Sy- 
nod y but yet the old tfuff Man is not come to his Lord* 
ihip, I hope after this we (hall live in peace ; which I 
inuft needs confefi. for the greateft part of it, we are 
debtors to your Lordlhip. Notwithftanding the late Pro- 
clamation fet out by the States General, for reftraining 
the Printing of all Seditious Bo0ks^ during the time of the 
Synod, yet even now in the Belgick^ tongue, there is^ come 
forth a Seditious Pamphlet with no name of Author or 
Printer, containing all the Afts which have been made 
againft the Remonftrants in this Synod, elpccially by the 
Delegates ^ a Book made only to incite the common peo- 
ple to a diflike of the Synod, they are not to be (old, 
but they fend them abroad among their Favourites : I 
have all this day been ufing means for compafling one 
of them to fend to your Lordfhip, but cannot, yet 
there ison^ of them proiiiifed me, but it may be your 
Lordlhip by this tinie hath feen fome of them. By my 
Letters from Bg/W, from one who I believe knowerfi 
it. It will light heavy upon the party your Lordfhip ni- 
ineth in the end of your Letter ; as much I mean as his 
place in the State is worth ; there is fcufiling to be his 
Succeflbn What is reported of Mr. Park^ is biit guef 
iing, ^oUr Lordfliip is iq name for it at Court, but upon 
' * . . what^ 

'49^ ^* Balcanqual's Lettm frmi the Si^JtfDOKT 

what ground I know not, I would it wqe as £ire as my 
wiflies are ftrong. So wiA the remcmb/ancc of my bcft 
fervice to your Lordflup and your worthy Lad|y^ I take 
my Icavc; and f eft, 

DcrJrech this i. of Tour Lan^hifsm at true 

MarchJ r^feSt and fervice^ 

Walter BdcanquaL 



htj very good Lardj 

T Hough our Synod yieldetfa no great argument of 
Writing, for now we are taken up in hearing al* 
together, yet I cannot omit my duty in letting your 
Xx)rdihip know how we ipend the time. 

Sejpo 99. 4. Mtrch Stylo f^ovoJ^ ThePrefident did 
invite the whole Synod to the Funeral c£ an HeheHan 
Gjptleman, one Mr. Sta^wins who came hither^ as cih 
. mes itineris widi the Iklvetian Divines, the invitatioa 
. was againft the morrow at eleven of the clock. The 
Prefident moreover with g^eat joy told the Synod that 
he had received. news from the Magiftrates of C4i»f/ ; 
whereby they fignifie that they reft well ^tisfied in the 
laft Decree of the Synod concerning the fuQ>eniiQn of 
their cited Miniflers, and oontinuance of the £une fuf 
penfioh in caie of their not comparence widiin 
fourteen days a&er new advertilement , that they 
would do what in them lyeth to periwade them to coni- 
parcnce, which if they refufcd, that they Would not 
give them any more countenance or protaSHon, as here- 
tofore they had done ; moreover that they did with all 
due relpeft expert the refolutions of the Synod^ con- 
cerning the pomts of Religion now in queftioh, to whkh 
they mean iplubmit themlelvcs wholly^ and by their 


\ • 

i0the H. HamtirdkSr. D. Cariton t* Btnhajfador^ 4^^ 

own example of Obedience, encourage and peiiwade as 
much as in them lyeth their diftrai^ed people to yielc! 
the like obedience^ and that in the mean time the care of 
their Minifters Flocks fhould be no-prctence to their ci* 
ted Minifters for not comparence, becaufe that during^ 
their absence, they themielyes would undertake to leer 
their cures (ufficiently difiharged both for reading ancf 
preadiingof the Word .• I muft needs (ay this Mefl&ge 
was much unlScc the former Letters, which they were 
wont to write in favour of their I^pnonfiranf Minifters. 
Moreover the PreCdent told us that Dr. Akingius one of 
rise Palatine Dj vfnes, had brought him Letters to the Sy- 
nod from old Dr. Varem of Hcidelhergd^ together "with 
hfs Judgment in a written Book of the five Articles in 
Contfoverfie, which hp told us fhouki prefently after 
the Synodkal dilqu^on be read. We go on in the Syno- 
dical difquifition of the fifth Article, where fome of the 
Provincials oWerVed ferae things, feme nothing, and fo 
at this SeiEon quickly pur difquifition upon the firft Ar- 
tide was ended ; then P^rew/s Letters to the Synod wfere. 
read ; the &mm whereof was this: I. am hot fo good aft 
EngHQi man as to adventure to tranfiate, I will there* 
fore give you the Latin. ' , 

^mntum Morn ^ tacrymimm fentemiehamus hie ontms 
jam fer alijttot' anmi ex fitndo i!h fchifinate (§ dipdio qmi 
eccleffom Vejham FkrennJJimam laceravit^ tantum etiam &' 
nunc gaudii & grMutdtionum exfmmur ex coaiH&ne Celc 
berrinke tmjas Synodiy cujus ofe fi? J^Uberrimis confiliis Jfe^* 
ramsts oktffimimtfH hoc vUtnus finatum irL ^antum gh^' 
riandi matetiam dederit Pontifieia Veyflfuhi fckjwa falam 
eft omnibm : iltis m SyfioAts obftruaf^ os, P^Jfi^^^ f^oc Eccleji4 
Vtftra rncendtum nftinguere^ fdcempte i^ftram nimii collap^ 
fam reftitutre^ illud^jt qiwdjkut expcEtanr avobis boni onines^ ' 
i>4 & i Deo Oft', Max. omnibus precibus exfeSunt. Outi^ 
ftam daretur mihi in ultima jam JineSme venerandafn hano^ 
Sjfmdkm cpr^icari t Vcrum cum illud aM fnea mihi denegei ' 


'49 4 Dr.BftlcinquaR Leiim fim^ tie S/>ud ^ D 6 RT* 

tmttfiDoaiffimi meiCoUeg* meaiv,cisfu}flebmt, v^uni 
tmicu fiat mthmgrn^ue de fimefis iUi f : Ariiadi 
«/ ^p^entiat Vejhdt Senttmiam. fr^crihen^ & und cum 
Bcclefta I^mMta meam qut^jue i(«Ji^ tejlatm fic^ j 
Vukbitu me hie cmditimatam EleBumem rejkere, K^freil 
^<inemwucumD.CAviaofagtm, p^feftim mtuthtum 

Fraeddtinationis mffteria fertraFiMero, Htud fuate cdifulta 
faBun e/jfe^ fimt enim ilU adarMida nutgit quam dtfcutieuda .- . 
fobtam^ reeeftan de tntrito mnrtis Chnfti diftinaimemi 
futa Stifficienti* & Efficient^, videbita me retinere j dilli»ai' 
Mem illam^ Je ^Jiib'iit^e^ InrtftfiibiUtateGratU Dmna 
vebm adauthofes fw>,^ futa Jefiitas relegeri; Hetereddxa. 
ilia de Afiflafia fanRorwn fententioi fi'ffam ji^Jat. Dee 
DcttSy ut inmmibus Orthodoxam DoBrimmreiineatHy (S pa^ 
eem unice feBenfitft^ The Subfcriptioo was, Ksver. Vefi; 
OkTeroafiffimus David ?su[eas Septw^enarim Scribebam tium^ 

r'r^^- This was the fumm of this tetter, and of the 
Seffion too. 

Sejfu> I GO. 5". ef March. ] There way read pubM- 
Ij to much of Pareus\ /entence as concerned the firft and 
feand Article, in which he did accurately dilpute aKunfc 
the Rembnftrahts Opinion in b^th,! and fpent a gre^c 
many pages in expounding and copfirnung the receive*!"' 
diflmaion of the Sufficiency and Efficient of the merit oF 
Chrifl's death. . ' . ' ' 

. Seffio loi. eoO^ dif pojimeridiem.'j Dt. Martinius dt 
Breme appointed by thePrefident publickly, all Auditora 
admitted, did very accurately and fcundly difcourfc of' 
the true Deitj> of chriji, . and efpeeially laboured to prove' 
his Omnifrafentia^. oppoflng and anfwcring all thofe 
places of Vmflim'\n which in his Dilputation de Deehst 
calleth the Omnipr^femia of Chrift into queftioa 
- ^'^0 lOi- ^- ^<«r'ch.'\ We w'ent.on in the pubKdfc 
reding of Dr. P<ir/w hjs Judgment upon the third, fourth ' 
an<| fifih Articles 3 where I muft needs, fiy that he did-," 

to th I(i Honmrabk Sr. D.Carlton L. Emhaffadar^ 49 j^ 

moft aocurately, and ibundly, and methodically, widi 
great lubtilty and variety of realons overthrow the Rc- 
monftrants Opinions of ^e/jftibilify of Grace j and the A- 
foftajie of the Saints : one would litde think that that wic 
and Judgment could be fb young in lb great age .- th^ 
Prefnlent told us that after the CoUegial Judgment were 
read, that the Synod by their publick Letters muft needs 
give him many thanks for thefe his great and good pain% 
as he did not doubt but that the Eftates General would 
take order for doing of the like. So one of the Saibes 
by the Prefident his appointment, was bcginniilg to 
read our College his Judgment, but Dr. Davenant toldthe 
Pf eCdent, that he thought it gready concerned the Digr 
nity of the Synod, tlmt the Collegial jRiffrages (houki 
not be read thus privately, but that they (hould be read 
as publickly as might be, all Auditors being admitted; 
both becaiife it might be that the Remoimrants being 
moved by force of their realons, might relent fome- 
thingin their Opinions; and all other Auditors be edified 
and confirmed in the truth ; as likewifc, becaufe all Au- 
ditors (hould perceive the confent of £> many leveral 
Learned Mens Judgments, who by the more pcrverfe 
fort might otherwife be thought to ufe feme Plot and 
Conspiracy to make their Opinwns meet together. This 
unexpedled motion did not a little trouble the Prefident, 
who was altogether let againft any luch courfe ; Which 
made all,efpecially the exteri wonder that he (hould offer 
to pals over a matter of lb great confequence without ask. 
. ing the Synods advice for the manner of reading their 
own Judgments; the reafon why this motion was made 
by our College was this; informing of our Judgments^^ 
as we have ftudied to condemn all in the Remonftrancs, 
which can juftly be taxed ; lb we took pains to condemn 
no more but that which muft be condemned, and to 
condemn too feme hard phrales dt^tContra-^emonfirants^ 
elpecially in the matter of I^frobanmi but they are oialy 


49^ i>r.^canq^s Letters firm the Sj^ 

l^tfafc^ : now we know that in the making of the Cantm 
ho words of ours, which found any thing thai way (hail 
Se cxprcfledj becaufe the Provincials imormmg of the 
Canons will cariy us down by voices j and diercforc wc 
deGred that in the reading of our Judgments, at leaft our 
ingenuity ipight be taken notice or by all the Auditors. 
Wdl, to this motion the Prefident made this aafwer,' 
that within thef& few days he himfelf was in that &tne' 
Opinion whidi now was propounded ; but having with 
more mature deliberation thought upon it, and asked 
the advice of his Aflefibrs, that he had now thought it 
fit, the Judgments fliould be read, no Auditor^ being ^. 
adminrd,unfe6 it were (bme few choice Miniftersof good 
worth wiio did here attend about the Synod, the r'eafons 
tttoving them thereunto were thefe : Firft, beqaule this 
coorfe fecraeth to come nearer the intent' of the^Conv- 
miflion of the Eftates General than the other, ift which 
they were appdnted to enquire after SynpdJcal fiiflS^- 
ges privately among therafelves without pdier Auditory 
imleE the Synod (hould ti^ink it fit to admit Auditors*' 
Secondly, becaufe it had been a cuflom hitherto obfer- 
Ved in all Synods and G>undl$ to take the fuffrages, aQ 
auditors beiiig excluded. Thirdly, becaufe dio the fiif- 
frages of aB Colleges do agree ( as he perceived by 
I'eading of them ) in the thing it ielf; yet becaufe there 
was (bme di&grcement in phfafes and forms of fpeaking^ 
it was to be feared that the Remonftrants and other Je- ' 
feits and Dbminicans prefent, would make great matter 
C|f thefe verbal differences, that they would cafl: abroadt 
among the People ftrange Reports of the Dlflenfions of 
the Synod j and in another cafe, that the Remonftrants 
no queftion ( as lately they had done )* would put out 
in print the Opinion of the Synod concerning the Artictei 
before the Canons were fornicd by the Synod, and in 
their Pamphlet no doubt they would oppofe Sentence 
to Sentence, whercloever they might take hold of the 




lead fuipition oF diiFertnde. Fourthly,, and chiefly, be* 
VsLufk by diis Gourie the Judgment of the Synod cod* 
cerhing the Five Articles m6\M ^d abroad aitiodg the 
People^ before either tBe Synod it ielf had determinecl 
%hat (biouU: be Ubi&t Jdd^ents, or tte Bftdfes Generdi 
toM tie nUde. aoqiiainfcd Vith the Jiidgmertts of the 
Colleges and Synod, who notwithftanding m all rea£Mfi 
and good manners ought next to the Synod it ielf, to 
know %rKat is lifecly W be the event of:* btiikiefi in it : 
the Pr^fidetit added, that fince this was but a matter of 
Order, lie hoped the Synod Would trufthim a^dthe At 
fcflbrs With the managrrigf of^it ; but perceiving that a 
*grta[t many wer^ hot cbmentiWith it, he was glad to put 
tbe ^mttdc ito V6K:d ; the Delegiues being adked their 
Voice , they defired the Matter might be deferred till 
the Afternoon, and io the Synod Was difmiiled. 

The Prefideht in iftean dnie ftnt Dammnnnus , one of 
the Scribes, to entreat us t6 give way to the PreCden^s 
.Motion J 'ah8 iid (jtieftion^ they labdured' other Colleges 
as weH as m; but certainly all the Prefident's Realbn$ 
adxyye* itentioined might eafily btve been answered ; for 
my part I think hb Gotirfe was tutm^ but ours hone* 

fiicr, - • 

Sej^ io^. todm dk f^ nu/ridiem. ] Voices \«rere asfced 
coROemiinRg tHe manner of reading the Co/AgiW Judgmemsi 
The JOf /ijf 4r« (iiffrage prtwiounced by Hcinfitit^si^ \hac 
in reading of the Judgm Aits, all Auditors whattfeever, as 
well Cehtrihl^fHorifiran^ ts Hfm&trftrants , ni*)uid be ex* 
duded j andbeddes they iEtitreat all the Members of the 
SfMoii that they would conceal as much as mJgkt be^ tb6 
things Aat were done in tlie Synod. The whole Mem* 
bcrs of the Symd without exception according to the 
Judgment of die Delegates. So( J^. t. fJ of the firft Ar^ 
If cfc, ^rut fit) "we began to read the CoBgges fu^mems^ at 
t^ Se(jpM were read Ae Judgmr nts of cair ciSege^ and 
^e €9llige6[dx FaUfines^ both of a jdd length, and a« 

jLI grceable 

498 T>t.B%kanopal'sUHersf^ 

^e^^ldd m i^ things ; OEcept tbat the P^dsHn^^ had ad- 
ded t6 the end of theirs a tety gpod and neceflary Goui^ 
£1 for the. feber and wholeldm manner of pn>poiinding 
CO the People the Do£{^rioe. <£ EkBim and I^ob4nou ; 
we purpofe after oiur ]vtigjppett on the Fiftfa AtPicU^ to 
give in (uch a Couoled for the <ober prppoimding ol the 
wholefive iirr«:Zs J to the Pcppk?. . . 

r • I . . ■ - 

5^ 104.. 7* A£in»t.] There^were pnbli)cU}f read the 
Judgnient9:of the College of the ^4^4N^,who were exceed- 
ing bog i o£.the HeheHiu^.j who were but fhort and 
grave ; of AffteJtMs^ he wh& kody Stiperfi^ o( liycNap^ 
ySviVm^y.whowasbut; (b<^ > ^^ere was no di^ence be-^ 
tween their Judgments and die; oijiers w:tjch werercad 
before, them. . ' 

S«i(^(i I o jr. fiodtm ^pofi tifmJiem. ^ ^TWe wca?f |taul 
publlckly, firft, the Jud^nen^.of the G^nevettfes , who 
were pretty long j they kept a. form by themfelvesj for 
where the CcfiifirmatiQas ot el;4ter C6Ueges Tiejij pt^ft* 
ed of Reaioiv^ Places of Sd^ptures ^d Fa4^^ ihe^ 
Confirmations were aodiiogbiit [daces of Sqriptune, barer 
ly propounded in gfeat numbers, and in a very fine Con- 
texture aodFiW^; at the eadtthey ufed this fliort .pen^ra- 
idon, th^. thQy had fimply oui^ of the Scriptme^ dfjUy^edy 
that oonceraing the firft u^r^iV^ -wbidb thfynlgaewvto be 
agreable with the Church of tiemva; Mf|. aad;lx£de^ 
oF all the Churches of Bf^mtf which did^ i^^'fo^ the 
French CohfedioQ. Next wasread die JtadgB^t p£/ the 
Bremer^ejj which was of a j]u|l l^gihyery foimda^d ac«. 
curate, and .in all things agreeable to the other jAid^edf^ 
read before, except ciJy with this difference,} , whei^as 
odier Judgments had favd either nothing of the l^^^hn and 
Sdvmim dfhrfm^s bego^tm of faithful B^mmtx^ and ^Ifsg in 
tkdi bifimOi or they whidi:had tpucbed it^ ha4de(err 
mined that/^i^/ l^em bftd'Oo italtoQ tp .doubt of it; 
• ' 1 * i J "^ but 

but Tdiftn v«ry well for latiy rfJiag they d?d^W^, hcfpc [ 
and penWade tb^ndebes bf St : >^e Bremen^ did ab^ ' 
lueely d«i<|i<mfsie tbat all fikch J^ofUs dyhig M ihei^ htfin- 

V\ if^ Weii bdfti^edj^ire jerfainfyfiikdi concluding 
it not otily ex pkUcio CUbri^a^is , as others had^ done ^ 
boc 0X jtukdio CerHtudthi' too: Next begtitf to be 
rtad thtf J«idg*cnt of the Divihcy of £ml^Jane ; 
fitmiwhdm (;a5^fr. JFWfeWfellkfiowrthj'extraordiiiafy 
piditi^ ^aTtobfe ^xpe^^ ; after it had bewi read half 
an bour, the Prefideht toM us, that becauie the hour watf 
pafly the reft muft be leflf till the morrow. 

, • .. . • 

Sejg^^ 1 66i 8. Mtrtii J We went on in finding tl^ 
Judgment of the Emkd^i whidh at this Seflion continue 
cd yet full two hours in the coldeft weather that we have 
felt. So now the Judgments of all the Bxteri Theologi 
cxttceming the fifft 4rf'iehy^ Wetc read 5 among whom, 
there wafe nodWng^to be*©tft tnjft full arid' orthodoxa! 
Confent: j.fernrtifch the^Fr^^S*^ tfoM us, Gdd! w^ to be 
pfaiftdj dttd W praj^ ' Gbd • Ihat the . like Hartnbny 
m^t be fourtrf imorig the PV<H>i>rttW^. . My Lord, this is 
wopth thfe' obferVing, that there is tab- CoUege)fet which 
hich ndtf bTerthJhoi^iY<?(^i*^j'te Opinion of- the SubjeS 
-of Predeflinatiott'^v though none of them did direftly diP 
pateagafeiflritjyiet all- of fcerii^^prefly took* it-as grafted, 
thkt r^tiorH&'crtabilisy but /w;>(7 la^s was Sutje^tnH both 
ofEieBi(nrWi;H^priha$ion^ Vi/hkh I think dbcb trouble 
GoWwf riot a 'little. ' Now the £fe*«ii«^/ Judgment be- 
ing endfed , We begun to; i^ad ttie Judgment of th6 Cot- 
Uge bf'die'Mgic P^fijfors; Where at the very fiH¥i fo ouf 
grie^ we obfepVed the Belgic hiimirr of f articular Optnims*^ 
for thfefe'afil btltfive of that* (?<r%e, as >r^ af^ of ours, 
anfl yet ttiey^' at* divided lato threepartJf, arid; hi^e giv^en 
in* tlireij dirtika and' ftveral Judgments. Dn Pol/ander^ 
JXzT^fmf arid Dh «^/4?«y have given In add fublcribed 
orie Jutefaefit^ hr^Sihandur hath given in another Judg- 

^ LI 1 nenc 

5roo Dr. fisdoanqual^ lUtferf fhm tUSjmdtf TXSlCf 

moat hy himlc^; and Dr.Qmams a third Ju^pebt: by 
hmfclt 'y tf, A» latter end of :^ Sc(Soti the tarft three 
their Judgments begao^ tcx be/ead ; but b)r ^i^ ' iasAc 
two Pages were jread^ the ^our .fiv^. pafled^ ^^ ^ ^ - 
red: of i;: wa^ contmued' tiU the nasji ocgafion : only^ mjr 
Lord, I n^ tell you,- that (b n|uch as was ti^ad giv:etb , 
Us little hope of ^reement-^apKMig them j fi>r wbmaa . 
other Collcges.had taken ' it:^ jprwt^ onjy^ tbgt' hin» . 
iapjk was SdshjtSlwA P^dtfitn^i^^^^Y^ja .^^Q^ 
Pages did oiiy dilpute hf tmay Avffmsiit^ ^ig^ipil 60* . 
marus his Opiniony and proved that larg^l^j^ .whfch o- ; 
tliers had only taken as a ground , their Arguments Gi- 
tndrus I fee him note ^ what difj^rence, fliall fbrtbes hap- 
pen in their Ju(%ments» y(m Lofdflup (hall underftand 
by my next 

* ..' . ■ . ' » . ' ' 

Se/fw/toy.eodm die fofi meridiem.'] This SdGloiiwas ^ 
publick,-all Auditors being gdniittedy in which Dj>MdW- . 
tus did at great length bardie; thefe two Qyeftioos. 
I • . .Quantum differat fides ^^KtueU^ Jiu iemfcramorwnj i 
vera (^ jufiificmee J^genitomm fide* a. ^m^^ amcedi^ 
tur Diaboh fregredi in epftignanda Juftifieafemm fide ^iht did 
very fweetly, jud as 1^ u(ech to preach, not a&.Do^icm 
life to do in Schools. 

This is all which is done this week ; for this day be* 
ing Safurd^ , we have no Seflion. The laft Strndaj^ I 
( in which I returned the Letter your Lordlhip was pleaf* 
cd to fend me ) lent to your Lonlfhip all \^hich had pal^ . 
fed the week before, which I hope your Lord&ip had: 
your Lordfhip ieeth there are but ordinary pai&gesyet . 
in the Synod, if there were any thing worthy . of extra* 
ordinary note, I (houldnoc£iil wiih all diligence to give ^ 
your Lordfhip notice of it; in mean time,, with many 
l^haqks to your Lordfhip for all your Lordlhips Cour- 
tefies, and the RemenJbrance dF my humbled Service 
to your Lordfhip and your worthy Lady, I take in/^ 

. ^fcavc^ 

leatve^ hrec eotreatmg your Lotdfliip duel may lie ac* 
counted by your Lordihip, as I am, 

J doidfi n9t htfpur Lardfhif hath fign this Pamfbk^ j 
ytfifyfm bavemt^ hetei$ is. 

Oardnch^ this 9. of Tmr LorJJhifs in all true re* ' 

M»cb^ 1 61 9. .^H and ferviccy 

Walter BokanquaL 

Mj very iQ9i Uri^ 

SUch things as havt paf&d in our Synod fince my hSt 
Letters unto your L6rd(hip, I here ftnd your 
Lordfliip as brfefly as I can ; I hope now at length to- 
wards the latter end of the next week, wie (hall come to 
die making cf the Cawms. 

Seffio io8* 1 1. Martiiy Stylo Novo^ Gcorgius Fabricius^ ii 
If^ffoidn Divine, (ubftituted in the place of Dr. BxfierfidJ^ 
who died here, was with the accuftomed Solemnity ^ 
mitted infto die Synod We go on in reading the Judg- 
ment of the three JBr^c^ Pr^^/7or/,whfch was very fbmi 
and of a ji^ length ; it v^as iiibicribed by their three 
Names ; Johannes. Fofyandery Aiuonius f!k(fius^ Antljoniu:^ 
IValUsss } and a litde beneath that, it was thus written , 
Bgo Sibramba LsAerms hoc collegarum meorum judicium ferle* 
gif & fer omnia frobo ^ Gomarus his name was not at it j 
put he preiently roie and teflified viva voce^ that he had 
read it,a&d did in all thit^ approve the Judgment of h!s 
CoUeaguesy excepting only that part of it, which did dc? 
termine hominem iafjuti} to be the Objeft of Predeftinatir 
my which he j&id, had not as yet been detenriit^:;d. in the ' 
Belgick,ChurcbeSy in the French nor Englifo Churche^^ and 

many others. I^Text was read the Judgmtot of Qr, Sir 

L 1 J brandus 

haadus uponiihe 0itie Jrtkk^ which differecl nochtt^ 
from thatloFmer of hi^ Colleagues, but that k vaska- 
ger ; it was iiibicribed with his own Name, and a little 
bcneaith the former three ProfeObrs bj their Sufa£rip^<- 
ons tefl-ified, that they hid read it, and did approve it. 
Gomarus ftood up, and viva voce gave this fime teftimony 
to this Judgment whieE he bad given tothe fojmer ma* 
king the fi^ne Exception. Next was Gomams his Judg* 
,ineot read upon the &me ^r^i#/p ; he laid nothii^ of 
thatQiieftion of the Objeft o( Predejiinationy whether it 
was homo Idpjus or not \ which filence id that Pobt be- 
ing excepted, his Judgment in all points agreed with the 
former Judgments of his Colleagues, it was only (iibfcri- 
bed with his own Name; but D. Polyander did '01^4 voce 
teftifie in dieloaine of himielf and his Colleagues, tbtt 
lliey did approve all things in Gomarus his Jud^meat, ex-* 
cepting only that Opinbn of the OlijeSt , the contmnr 
wherraf they prqfefled themiHves ;to hold : the Preiftr 
dent inftrufted us concerning Ibmc Particulars of Ac bi|- 
£nefs of Camp^ and defir^d us againft Three of die Oock 
jb the Afteinoon to confult about it ; the ParticuJai^ 
whereof yiOUf Lordfliip fhaU (ee in the next Seifion. 
- Se^oi 1 09V €odem ffie pift meridiem, ]] The Prefideat 
h>U ns^iirft^ daat the Hme oi fourteen daj^s grai^sd to die 
twb?(uil^ded Minifters of Camfs for their compareoce, 
was ndw ^pafled , and fo th^t they a>ntemoed this fit- 
vourable Refpite granted by the Synod, and perfifled iq 
their contumacy. Next, ^that the other two Mmifiers of 
Camps ^ who were here amoqg the cited B^nonjkanfs^ 
had been :appointed by the Synod to give in within 
fourteen days^^in Anfvi^er to the Accu&tions kid againft 
iheiii hj Ait Deputies of the I^4irmed Church of Can^s ; 
the Copy of which Accuiations at th^ir own eamdl: Re* 
queft had been delivered to theni by one of the Servants 
of thcSjmod 5 but now in place of their Aniwer which 
was expqdted, they ha4 fcnt to him % Letter^ which was; 


to the l(. HmpnUff Sr.D.CBtlton*!^ &td^ yo^ 

read unto the Sjnod ; h had two great Fault^ it wsts 
exceeding long^ aqd exceeding fbolifli ; to this lence, or 
rather hodShoey they did (hew that diey coudd not at 
the day appointed gire in their answer to (he accufidons ; 
and why they could no more go on in* this Synodical 
aftkm whjch yha qonmieneed again(l them , for mai^ 
OauK^s, fueh as were, i. BecaufI they were wholly ta* 
ken up in makhg ready lome Writings for the Synod 
conoertring Ae FJyt Articttu which were impoied on dbem 
hy the Commandment of the Delegates. %. ^Becaufe the 
CSopyof the Accufitions brought unto diem by oat of 
the Synod-OfficerS, was fstk ^ lublctibed by 'the l^r^fident, 
nor l^ehher of the Scribes of the Synod j and dierefore 
they thought it not an authcnfic Copy, or of any Cre- 
dit 3, Bccaufe Crimes in it were otgcfted to them both 
promifcuoufly, and laid that to both theit diargc,which 
only one of them had delivered ; and therefore their ao- 
cufatipn was not exa<% according to form 6£ Law, 
4. That there were many things in it objected to them, 
not warranted by any ,wime6, unlefi it were by fome 
proofs taken out of their Colleague Foskgulus^ iate Book, 
which they chriftened with the Name oiftidtum and tene^ 
hicojum Scriftum: 5. Becaufe it was full of falfe Spel- 
lings and/Writing, and therefore they thought it was 
but ne^igently flubbered over j for thefe and many morjj 
iuch caufes as idle as theie ( with whidi I hold it not fit 
to detain your Lordlhip ) though they might decliiK 
the Judgment of the Synod j clpecially fincc againft the 
praflice of die 'Belffe Churchy their own' Confifimy^ ClafJU 
an4 Prcifincial Synod being skipped over, tbey were imr 
mediately accufed before the Synod ; yet notwithftancj- 
ing after they had done with all they had to (ay upon 
the Five Articles , they promife that they will give ia 
their AnlVer to diis Bill of AcciHations ; but upon diis 
conditiojrt f which I befeechyour Lordfhip tooWTerve) 
phat firij: die Synod would declare them to be free from 

I.I4 thcfe 

/ , 

'504 Dr. BdcvasptSj f^ers/hm the Sjinoiqf DORT 

cbefe £iUe md malicious i]aiiden wherewith they^fii^ 
the reft of thcr Brethren Bpwmjhams dted to the SfooA^ 
liad been moil iojuriwfly an{i falily charged in that: 
$eflion of the Syncyl, |p vhk^ diyi^ were 4iimtffi^ by 
the Pre{ul(snt9 with this Elogdm^^ to wit, dyu; tbpy ha4 
|!e(uie4 tqgo on in thp Synodical aQha y tl^ diey 
had fliown themlelves unworthy with whom die Synod 
(hould b^ve apy further d^^Ungj and tha|: a; t\u^ ha4 
begun this Bulineis , and font;inued it widi Ly^]^ and 
Equiyopiciops, fb now they had ended it. But yet that 
liotwithftanding of all this, they were contented to go 
on in this a£lion before the CoUege of tl^e Deflates of t^ip 
E/i4tcs General^ but not before die Synod. The£ long 
Letters being read, next was refi^ an j/^iwcr to theff 
. Jitters, pfnQ^ by thq Deputies of the B^ormed Churcfy 
pfCamfsi tpwhom ^ Prefident had given thele Let- 
fen that they mi||it an(wer them ^ they did. meet par- 
ttcolarly with every thing alledged in the oth^r Letters, 
which was needlipU j af^d therefore I ornip ^ ^eir An* 
(wen, faye qnly to thgt one (hing which %m^ to re- 
quire one i l^at was, that againifi the Cui^om of their 
Church, they were ijiiine4ia]^y brought before the Sy- 
pod i to which it was aniwered, that both the Canfffia- 
p and Claffis of Camfs were altogether Ifgrnon/hantJeaiy 
wd that therefore they were both of them liich ias ought 
rather to be abrogated than appealed unto ; but for thejr 
■frcvincial Synod, they wondred with what face they durft 
gffirm they had not b^ cited thitljpj;, Ciice tlie Syno^ 
had dealt with ^^^^ ol(ttr tlUn once, diough to no pur- 
.p6(e. Nexp Was read fi Supplication penned and fubfcri- 
bed by AermjttH in the Name of the K$fmned Church 6( 
Qm^Sy jij whiph they relate how Ftfkgulm omof the two 
jfiS^^&i atC^/,whilehe wais reheafCng unto bis Flock 
the Sentence of his own Sujpenfimj that he had ttirredup 
tbe people W tumtdtuarum tnfamiumy next they humbly 
beieech the ^md. that now f pr die two Mended, their 
.' ' ' Sentence 

» t 

ISemmoe of Sugftfifim might be nttfied by the Sjtiod ; 
and fer die other two here preient at Dorr, to wit, AdL^ 
rififitt and G^/i«Pfffr» iino^ they had refufed to giire in their 
Aaiiirer atthe time fippoinced, that the Sjmd would pn^ 
iXHmce dieliice Seotei^qp of Sujpa^ againft them: the 
Prefklent propounded this to the Sjmi^ whedier they 
thought it fit mat the Sentence already given againft die 
/S>rmer two fliould be ratified ? and that die other two 
^idd be cited to eive in their Anfwer to the Bi)l of Ac- 
xufidQO^ jvithin fourteen days *^ which if ^yfiulcd, 
die jyScr ^Sentence of Sujpfnfim (hould be given againft 
them, whidi ha4 been given againft dieir Colleagues ? 
Th^ whole ^^iiotf approved it, and lo it was decreed. 

W^ b^iQilPgti;) go 90 in reading the CoUegiat Jm^ 
mrarx, miJacA <^ LmidMt ( aocxmUne as we at home 
had delibenited amohfi; ourfelve; )defired leave to (peak, 
jwhich bdng granted, he (pake to this purpose jj>r. 
GcmstWy in the Forenoon delivered , tl^ this queftion^ 
whtAcr homo b^ hefuijeHum PradeftimuiotAy had not 
been determined by the Confeifion (^ the Church of 
jTvtffc^: and as I and my C^agfies conceived, he deli'* 
ycredtiie like kt the Confi^flSon of the Churdi of Ef^ 
Und'^ andtherefi^re I do intreat Dr. Gomarm in my own 
Nam^ and die Name of my CcUe/fttes^ to declare before 
the Sjmd^ whether he did fiy £> or not ? Dr. Gmnarm 
with good modefty aniwered, thatindce4he didfiy fb; 
but he protefted it was not out of any evil ^meaning, bitt 
4)n]y to (hew^ that as other Churches, ib the Church of 
S$i^Loid\m. left tigat undecetmined, fince the Word^ of 
the Confeifion detennined nofardier of the Sub^e^l, than 
i m^Sam e^ humam ravrf •) my Lord of Lmdaffk re* 
plie49 that he himiejf an^ the reft of his CaJkiiguts could 
not chufe but think thennielv'es by that Speech touched 
for Temerity or Ignorance j fot fince they in their judg- 
ment had delivered the coijitrary hrkomo li^fus^ it was as 
fiu^i as to fay that they bad ddivered tl)at in the ^jmdt 


yo6 Dr. BAlcarKfiaTs Letur/yrm tie Sjmtul €fl^^ 

which was not acoordmg to the Judgment of theCHuifdi 
of BfigLmd ; but to let the Synod kmw that thsf had Sod 
nothing in didr Judgment , wliieh was not the Judgmehc 
of their Churdi; diey defired t)^ Synod to hear the words 
of their Confeffion ; lb Dp.G^ad read publicly the feveiH 
teenth Artick of the Confeffion, where the Words'zte 
fuofdamtx humano genere^ in exifiofS maledi8o^ which laft 
^ Words Gomarm had left out : Gomarw anfWered^ that if 
te had underftood the Words of the Confeffion amt^ fce 
would fobmit hiHifelf to the Judgment of the Synod. The 
Prefident told Gomarus rotindly enough, that it was free 
for every Member of the $r«w/to deliver hisown *j«dg^ 
meat concerning any Ptrint or Queftion j but that men 
ought to be very carefiil that they do not rafcly meddle 
with the Judgments of other Churches. My L.of L^wfajii 
defired further leave to add this ; Since afi thi Foreign fi^ 
-^nesj without exception, and likewile all the Selgic Prth 
fejfcrs^ except Gomarus^ had already delivered their Judg- 
ments for homo lafjiis ^ and that He doubted not but the 
ProvincisUs Would determine the lame 3 it were fcry fit 
that the Synod fhoiild likewife determine fe of it ; neither 
was it wy reaC^ri that for the particular Opinion of one 
PrtfepTy who in this did d^ffent ftom the Judgment of 
*lUte Hsformed Churches y the S)^ fliouJd- abtein from 
Vlctemaination of the Queftion. Gonrnms anfwercd, that 
die Univerfity of Leaden had never yiet deterrtiioed for 
homo lapfis , and that both Dr. Whitak^ and Mr. fer^ 
kinshiA deteraiincd the contrary, witoiji lie tocAf to be 
l&di men as would not dilafl«t*fwim» -Ae Cwtf^^ 
K:hwrch of England ; that the nmttcr ought firft to' be 
difcufled with Arguments on bodi fides, before any 
thing flbould be determined on -either fide ; to whomthi 
!Prefid€?nt returned this An(wer,that after the Jtidgments 
of all the Colleges were read^ the ^jwh/ would decree of 
that Queftion what fehey (hall think beft ; after the Ca* 
fm is pooceived b-^atl ^ Tegd, - if then you cati (hew 
i' ' • chat 

d^t tiiy ifaiM conttaoed in that Cdtm^ is ag^ainft tllie 
^oriJGoAi TheSymodihaill ^rit^^dl' tkR^Pa«- 
«Dce hear what 70U cm %. 

Tfaesewcpe read ^ Jwlgmaots 6f the G^Uy ; the 
South*Htf//4fi^' (who in their Judgment wiihed that 
the oii^ftioQ of bom$^ laffm might b^ kft unde- 
teravwd J the NordvIiMMfi 9 |ihe ;;[WiMdf , who 
war all not long } and agreed in aU i^gs with tiie 
fioiiDer Judgmenti delie^Eyl, and lo this kn^ Seffi* 

Spfff 1 1 0.1 a. hiUrtH^ Tbeee w«ic fcad Ae CoHegisi 
^fudgmenti of the VlMjeSim, the Fr^ib; dae T^mf^aniy 
ihe (^ufii»^4i»i C^ tknimdU^ a& wdidi four were of a 
.Mod ieogth^'andkialidiSfigsooiifenaRt to the former 

,^gmci<s. ' 

Se£i$ r 1 1, iodemJit fifi fmridiem^ There were read 
the CoM^iU Judgmenti of the Drenimd and GaUa-htpcty 
vfaicfa were brief, and a^reeaUe to the .former Judg" 
tpif^tsjxnd (b wa$ ended the ^ddmg of the Jikkmenfj </ 
^ C^Beges ; in whidi(God be pro^l^ for k) 'mere was 
not the leaft Riipicion of difl^iKioii of any thing, and 
ic jscobe noted th^ all of tkem determined homo' lofih 
.flo be the fiifcjcfl; of FrvdeftmtHon y except Ggrnarus.^ 
whom all Men know to be agaioft itf ; and the South* 
KblUndd ooly &id they would dietercnme nodslng of 

There was read- lihe Judgment of the Dwines of 
Creat By»<^4i» upon the fccorid 4r#iafe j rfrey were briefer 
fhm upon the firft Article, they lefr Ae received diftfit- 
^on of fufficiemia and eficaei^ mcrtis Chrifti untouched \ 
as likewife they did not touch that reiceived' reftri(SHofti 
of th<^ pbces which make Qurift -s fiifitjriqg general 
todie World, only itd munJum "BfleBcrum. - 

Thei^e were « read th^ judgments of the P-aiannesj of 
^tHdjJiansy o( the HehePianfy who all did maintain the 
rec^iyoi dlilinftion, , fo ^it, diat Chrifl his Dfotb was on.*" 


ly yE[0&imr for all Men, not ^fiuem or in^nrmive^ and 

dicl reftnun aU the general propoikk)m ^^^ Sori^ 

pcure to that purpole only iUl nmndum BUamm , con- 

. xlu^igthat Chrift was noways rjr/teM^ pcu$is Joh 

Sejfw 1 11,^ zj. Mptci.^ There was read pubHcidy 
the judgment <A tSbtf^affovki^ after them the judgment 
jof the Getievif^Sj bothc^ which defended the .received 
^iftinftipnl and reftri^Hon ; after were read diejudgments 
of dieAvmr^/, who according to the number S their 
. VjctCms had three feveral Judgments, hbrtimm his Judg- 
ment wasfirftready whodidftandiaefiafttothetenencs 
of the Kpnoffiranu m the lecond ArMe^ he mainly o* 
7erthrew the received diftin£Boa and re(lridion« and 
did determine that QbHffl diimfyifefw al and evety Aim^ 
tfaathe was made a ProfitUHm both for die godly and 
ihe WK^cedy and th^t by his death he did imfetrate reem- 
tUmimPnih Godjwibm 4^ > at the latter end he con- 
demned many tUngs both ill the ^gmof^ams and in the 
Ccmrs-Ifsmoffirams opinbn, but mor£ in the Cottra-l^f- 
monfiratus. Next Dr. IJfetburgim the lecond fire»s«y^ Us 
Judjgment was read, who was direfHy againft JMarthtm 
defmling both the received diftinftion and reftriftioiL 
Thirdly was read the Judgment of Dr. Croeitis the third 
Bremtnps^ who propoinukd a midMe waj^ between his 
two C^4pies ; granting (which fVe alio in our College 
did|) that Ckirift did pierit by bis Death fime fuftnmmd 
iUtigs fir ibeHid^dita tbi^m&rd Breached J and all fuch 
feodGraces as are emrnim both to the Godly and ffickpd; 
butnothing bdongmg to remiffioA of Sin or reconcilea- 
don with God, and fb indeed for any thing I could 
perceive his Judjg;ment was direfUy againft that of Mar- 
tinim^ and ine£k6l all one with that of Ijjelburgius. Next 
was read the Judgment of the Embdam^ who were ex- 
ceeding long, andagroad in aUthmgs widi the Cmra^ 
^monlhranti^ as they do exprefs theidelves in ;h^ CoUoit. 

Uaficnfis, SeJJio i x g. 

Sf/I^ 11 J. eadem die f^fmriJian^Dt.ffilh^ttsoDC' 
of dfie Brenimfesj at the Prdident Us appointment pnb- 
lickly, all audkours bdng admitted, did at very great>ve, iStoxGoibisvMauive Sftffiice is naiuralanJ 
mc$Jfaiy unto him^ and that therefore that SansfdEHm which 
Chnft made for the Sins of the World was fimplieiter ' 
rnieffarU ; proving withal by many Arguments ^fd^ 
mfszsiAft^cienQjfrf ChrifibnfatitfaSUm^^ anfwering die 
Arguments of Socinus and Verftius againft botb the hftmst ^ 

Segio 11/^ 14* HeMarHi?] There Was read the judg- • 
ment of four of the Belgicl^ PYBftJJirs lublcribed by P^ - 
Ifmkr^Qmmu^ Tkfifu^ iVdUtu \ and a little beneath 
wa$ written^ £^ SArmidu^ Lubertus h$eCoOeganm fneomm 
judicium fer omnia frobo : next was read Sihrandus his 
Judgment^ who difiertd nothing fitoin his Colkagues^ 
five that, he was (horter, it was uibicribed firft^ by him- 
felf, and then approved by the Sublcriptbns c( the reH \ 
of his CoUcaguff : alt five of them did ftand mainly for 
the abpvornsmied diftin^tim and refhi£Hon. Next wa$ 
read the Judgment of the Gd^^'vrhp were too-too ri- 
gid in many things ; next them the judgment of the 
Sq^'^MUndi'y next them. the judgment of the North* 
HMtndif who had many things which we thought not 
only t0 be rigid but falie ; all thefi three Cotteges at ^ 
grea,t length diipi|ted for the received diftin&ion ' and re* 

Seffio 1 1 5:* eod§mdiefaJi meridiem.'] There were read 
the Judgments firft of the /S^landi , joext of the Vhr