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12 nil 


Ati i,' In qTe(t)ANO(QiN cThn. 





In this second edition of the Golden Treasury I 
have introduced some changes : 
^ I. The number of the pieces selected has been 

^ largely increased, especially in the first and second 
v\4 sections, and in the Fragments of the Comic Poets. 

2. Headings have been prefixed to the passages 

with few exceptions. 

'^j 3. The notes have been omitted. But a few of 

the longer notes, which seemed of peculiar value — 

either as translations or analyses, or as explanations 

i of the situation in the text — have been collected in 

i the Appendix of Selected Notes. To these notes 

vj I have added two : one on Hesiod's Calendar ; and 

a second on Alcman's Agido. 

4. In a second Appendix a few translations by 
various authors, which have become classical, are 
printed. I have to thank Messrs. Bell and Messrs. 
Macmillan for permission to print the translations 
by Mr. Calverlev and Mr. Arnold. 


As the lines of Alcaeus, to which the short poem of 
Sappho, printed on p. 176 (no. v), is a reply, have been 
omitted in their proper place, I add them here : 

'IottXok' ayva /x6XXi;^o/ieiSe ^dncpoi. 
^tXo) Tt e'lTTTju uWii fie KcoXvei. atScoy. 



I. Epic Poets. 



I. Helen on the walls at Troy (II. iii. 130-244) 
n. Greeks and Trojans (II. iv. 422-456) 

III. Hector and Andromache (II. vi. 392-502) 

IV. The watch fires (II. viii. 553-565) 
V. Achilles and the gifts (II. ix. 308-426) 

VI. Ate (II. ix. 496-514) 
VII. Ajax (II. xi. 544-574) . 
VIII. A snow storm (II. xii. 278-289) 

IX. Hector (II. xv. 263-280) . 
X. Sarpedon (II. xvi. 666-683) 

XI. Patroclus (II. xvii. 424-447) . 
XII. The grief of Achilles (II. xviii. 1-126) 
xiii. Achilles on the rampart (II. xviii. 203-242) 
XIV. The shield of Achilles (II. xviii. 368-617) 

XV. Z,^cao« (II. xxi. 67-113). 











ILIAD {continued) page 

XVI. ScrtM/rt^rf^r (II. xxi. 211 382) . .... 45 

XVII. T/ie death 0/ Hector (II. xxu. 297-515) ... 51 

XVIII. .<4c/»7/fs fl»rf Pr/rt;M (II. xxiv. 471-563) ... 59 

XIX. The luailfor Hector (II. xxiv. 695-804) ... 62 


I. Odysseus and Nausicaa (Od. v. 269-vi. 328) 
II. Odysseus and Alcinous (Od. vii. 208-225) 

III. The return to Ithaca (Od. xiii. 1-95) 

IV. Telemachus and Odysseus (Od. xvi. 154-233). 
V. The dog Argus fOd. xvii. 291-327) 

VI. The vision of Theoclymenus fOd. xx. 345-371) 
VII. The slaying of the suitors (Od. xxi. 404-434 ; xxii 

1-125, 203-309, 381-389, 
VIII. Odysseus and Penelope (Od. xxiii. 80-255) 


I. 7%^^w a^^-s (Works and Days, 106-201 j 

II. The invisible watchers (Works and Days, 248-264) 

III. fFi(«/«- (Works and Days, 504-525) 

IV. Marriage (Works and Days, 695-705} . 
V. A Calendar (Works and Days, 765 828) 

VI. Zeus and Prometheus (Theogony, 535-617) 
VII. Typhoeus (Theogony, 820-868) 


I. The blind poet (Apollo, 165 176^ 

II. The invention of the lyre (Hermes, 39 62) 

III. 7"Af o.r-5/ffl/^r (Hermes, 235-281) . 

IV. Dcntctcr at Eleusis (Demeter, 98-183, 
V. Dionysus and the pirates (Dionysus) 








II. Lsnric Poets. page 


I. CALLINUS, A war-song ...... 149 

II. TERPANDER, To Zeus . . . .■ . .150 


i. He serves Ares and the Muses . . . . .150 

ii. Spear ever in hand . . . . . . .150 

iii. The Eubocaiis at war . . . . . .151 

iv. Wine on board ship . . . . . . .151 

V. His shield ........ 151 

vi. Nil admirari . . . . . . . .151 

vii. Neobule ......... 152 

viii. Trust to the Gods ....... 152 

ix. The good captain . . . . . . .152 

X. Patience . . . . . . . . .152 

xi. A coming storm . . . . . . -153 

xii. Nil desperandum . . . . . . .153 

xiii. The Dithyramb . . . . . . .153 


i. Change and decay . . . . . . .154 

ii. Life's uncertainty . . . . . . .154 

iii. ' Modo non genus omne perosusfoemineum' . . 155 


i. Agido ......... 160 

» ii. Calliope ......... 162 

iii. The aged poet . . . ... . . . 162 

iv. Cheese-making ....... 162 

' V. The sleep of the hills . . . . . .163 


i. A war song ........ 163 

ii. Tlie warrior ........ 164 

iii. The glory of the brave ...... 166 

iv. March-song ........ 167 


i. Vivnmus atque aniemus ...... 168 

ii. ' The leaves of hope' ...... 168 

iii. The journey of Ike sun ...... 169 

'^Ul. A RI ON, A thanksgiving 169 


i. The soldier's hall . . . . . . .170 

ii. The ship in a stortn- . . , . .171 

iii. ' Fill the cup and fill the can' 172 

iv. The droughty season . . . . . .172 

V. Vino pellite curas . . . . . . .173 


i. To Aphrodite . . . . . . . .173 

ii. The power of beauty . . . . . .174 

iii. The moon and stars . . . . . .175 

iv. The poet of Teos . . . , . . . 1 75 
V. To Alcaeus ........ 176 

vi. Forsaken . . . . . . . .176 

vii. Forgotten in death . . . . . . .176 

viii. ' / cannot mind my wheel, mother ' . . . . 1 76 

ix. Hesperus . . . . . . . . I'j'j 

X. The apple 177 


i, ii, iii. Three epitaphs 177 



i. Salami's . . . . . . . . .178 

ii. Aihois . . . . . . . _ .179 

iii. The tyrant ........ 180 

iv. Man proposes, God disposes . . . . .180 

V. The ages of life . . . . . . . 1 82 

vi. How he aided Athens . . . . . .183 


i. The sitn's goblet 184 

ii. Tyndaretts . . . . . . , .184 

iii. A palinode . . . . . . . .184 

iv. Sing of war no more . . . . . .185 

V. Songs of spring . . . . . . • 1 85 


i. Spring tSs 

ii- Eros 186 


i. The Milesians . . . . . . . .186 

ii. The Chians ........ 187 

iii. The good Cilician . . . . . . .187 

iv. ' It was the dog that died' 187 


i. Womankind . . . . . . . .187 

ii. Night thoughts 188 

iii. Virtue 188 


i. The banquet . . . . . . . .188 

ii. He is better than tnany athletes . . . .189 

iii. Poetic theology . . . . . . . igo 




i. Evil communications 
ii. Do not make friends of the ' low ' 
iii. Man proposes, God disposes 
'w. Cyrnus immortalised 
V. May I triumph over my enemies 
vi. Why does Zens tolerate the wicked ? 

vii. The happiest lot 

viii. He is all true gold . 
ix. Constrain no man at a feast 
X. He welcomes Clearistus . 
xi. The ship in distress . 

xii. Money is all in all . 
xiii. The sufferings of the Just 
xiv. Thrift .... 

XV. Patience .... 

xvi. Hope .... 

i. / owe thee naught . 
ii. Plutus .... 

iii. The epicure 

iv. Stripping for a fight 

i. Fo Artemis 

ii. 7b Dionysus . 

iii. 7b fl maiden . 

iv. Bring me wine 

V. //c »s oW 


I go 






XXI CA J. LIS TRA TUS, Song to Harmodius 





XXII. UNKNOWN, Swallow song 205 

XXIII. UNKNOWN, Eiresione 206 


i. To Scopus of Thessaly ...... 206 

ii. The heroes of Thermopylae ..... 208 

iii. The Spartans at Thermopylae 208 

iv. The Athenians at Plataea ..... 208 

V. The Lacedaemonians at Plataea .... 209 

vi. Timocreon of Rhodes ...... 209 

vii. Cleobulus of Lindus ...... 209 

viii. Danae ......... 210 

5CXV. TIMOCREON, Thcmistocles 211 

XXVI. PR A TINAS, A dance song 212 

XXVII. HYBRIAS, A drinking song . . . .213 


i. Happiness ........ 213 

ii. Peace ......... 214 

iii. Prosperity ........ 214 

iv. Visions ......... 215 

V. Cassandra ........ 216 


i. For Thero of Agrigentum (Olymp. ii) . . . 216 
ii. It is safer to think nothing unworthy of the gods 

(Olymp. i. 28-35) • • • • • .221 

iii. The first Olympic (Olymp. xi. 60-77) ■ • 221 

iv. For Hiero of Aetna (Pyth. i) ..... 222 

V. Glory and wealth (Pyth. viii. 88-97) . . . 227 

vi. Apollo and Cyrene t,Pyth. ix. 31-116) . . . 228 



XXIX. PINDAR {contmtied) 

v\i. Gods and men (Nem. vi. 1-7) 
viii. The bliss of life (Isth. v. 12-16) 
ix. A song in honour of Dionysus (Fragm.) 
X. An eclipse (Fragm.). 
xi. (i) Elysium (Fragm.) 

(2) Life in death (Fragm.) 

(3) The souls of the punfied (Fragm.) 

XXX. EVENUS, On a swallow 


i. A prayer to the Fates 

ii. Unity ...... 

iii. Fellowship ..... 









III. Dramatic Poets. 



i. Salamis (Persac, 377-432) ..... 248 

ii. The shade of Darius (Persac, 'jgS-S^g) ■ ■ ■ 250 

iii. Amphiaraus (Seven against Thebes, 568-625) . 252 

iv. 77?^ zf/7/ q/"Za<s (Supplices, 86-IOI) . . . 254 

V. Prometheus (Prom. Bound, 88-127) . . 254 

vi. The gifts of Prometheus {Vrom. Mound, ^2,^- ^']i) . 256 

vii. The Occanidcs (Prom. Bound, 528-560) . . 257 

viii. Prometheus defiant (Prom. Bound, 907-970 ; 1080- 

1094) 258 



I. AESCHYLUS {continued') page 
ix. The sacrifice of Iphigenia (Agamemnon, 160-257) • 261 

X. Nemesis (Agamemnon, 404-474) .... 265 

xi. Crtssrtwrfrfl's z/?s/ow (Agamemnon, 1 178-1330) . 267 

xii. Dirges at Agamemnon's tomb (Choeph. 315-465) . 273 

xiii. Orestes (Eumenides, 235-253) ..... 279 

xiv. T/ie hymn of the Erinyes (Eumenides, 307-396) . 280 

XV. Thetis (Fragm. 266) ...... 283 


i. The power of man {Antig. 3^2-^'] 5) . . ■ 284 

ii. Antigone and Creon (Antig. 407-470^ . . . 286 

iii. Love the conqueror (Antig. 781-800) . . . 288 

iv. Antigone's dirge (Antig. 806-928) .... 289 

V. Chrysothcmis and Electra ilLlectra, ^28-^68) . . 294 

vi. Orestes' death (Electra, 678-763) .... 295 

vii. Electra's lament {F.\ectra., ii26-ii']o) . . . 298 

viii. IVandering Heracles {Trachin'me, g^-ii^o) . . 300 

ix. Odysseus and Ajax (A}ax, 1 18-133) . . . 302 

X. Tccmessa's Prayer (Ajax, 485-524) . . . . 303 

xi. Titnes irony (Ajax, 646-692) . . . . . 304 

xii. The last prayer of Ajax {A]ayi, 8i^~Q6^) . . . 306 

xiii. The enemies of Ajax (Ajax, 961-973) . . . 308 

xiv. Avenging Apollo (Oed. Tyr. 463-482) . . . 309 

XV. Piety and Pride (Oed. Tyr, 863-882) . . . 309 

xvi. The fatal secret (Oed. Tyr. gii-io8s) . . . 310 

xvii. The despair of Oedip?{s {Oed. Tyr. i^6']-i4i5) . 316 

x\aii. Constancy (Oed. Col. 607-628) .... 318 

xix. Colonus (Oed. Col. 668-719) ..... 319 

XX. Age (Oed Col. 1211-1248) ..... 321 

xxi. Hermes leads Oedipus (Oed. Col. 1540-1555) . . 323 



II. SOPHOCLES (continued) page 

xxii. T/ie passing of Oedipus (Oed. Co\. is^g-iCGG) . 324 

xxiii. Sleep (Philoctetes, 827-832) 327 

xxiv. Pliilodeies and his boiv (Philoctetes, 927-962) . 327 

XXV. Woman s life (Fragm 517) . . . • • 329 

xxvi. Love is all things (Fragm. 678) .... 329 

xxvii. Fortune changes as the moon (Fragm. 713) . 330 


i. Song in the camp (Rhesus, 527-537 ; 546-556) • 33i 

ii. Medea's soliloquy (Medea, 1019-1077) . . . 332 

iii. Hippolytus (Hippolytus, 70-87) .... 334 

iv. Phaedra (Hippolytus, 177-238) .... 335 

V. y^r/fww aMrf//«y)/>o/>'te5 (Hippolytus, 1416-1458) . 337 

vi. Alcestis dying (Alcestis, 252-272) .... 339 

vii. Ion (Ion, 82-183) 34° 

viii. TV/f/ozccr q/"mMs/'c (Helena, 1301-1352) . . 344 

ix. The crime of Thycstes (Electra, 699-746) . 346 

X. Dionysus (Bacchae, 105-150) ..... 348 

xi. The Bacchants {Bacchae, 6']'j-']T^). . . . 350 

xii. Ilion overthrown (Hecuba, 905-952) . 354 

xiii. Iphigenia's prayer (Iphigenia in Aulis, 1211-1252) . 355 

xiv. Iphigenia a willing sacrifice (Iphig. Aul. 1368-1401) 357 

XV. Cassandra (Troades, 294-461) .... 358 


i. Dicaeopolis (Acharnians, 280-556) . 
ii. The sausage-seller (Knights, 40-222) 
iii. Strepsiades (Clouds, 1-431) 
iv. Chorus of birds (Birds, 676 783) 






IV. ARISTOPHANES {continued) pack 

V. his (Birds, 1 170-1245) . . . . . • 406 

vi. Maidetis song (Lysistrata, 1247 -1272 ; 1729 1322) 409 

vii. Wives' arts (Thesmophor. 502-519) . . . 413 

viii. The song o/t/if iiiystae {Frogs, s'!^2-253 ; 448-459) 414 

ix. The prologues of Euripides (Vvogs, iig-i~i2^']) . 416 

X. 'A haunt of ancient peace' (Pax, 11:^0-1158) . . 418 

IV. Fragments chiefly from the New Comedy. 


i. The Parasite {Hope) . . . . . .421 

ii. Aphorisms ...... ■ 421 

U.PLATO. The tomb of Thcmistocics [Frag. Inc. 1) . 422 


i. The higher style {Aphrodisins) 422 

ii. The Cottabus (Birth of Aphrodite) .... 423 

iii. Maritime empire (The Rich) .... 424 

iv. A riddle (Sappho) 425 

W. ANAXANDRIDAS. The Egyptians {Cities) . . 426 

V. EPICRA TES. Plato in the Academy (Frag. Inc. i) 426 

VI. TIMOCLES. TTaOrjuarajv KaOapais (Dionysiazusae) . 428 

VII. EUBULUS. Measures of wine (Semele) . . 429 


i. Live while you live (Autodidascalus) . . . 429 

ii. Poverty (Olynthia) 43° 

iii. The universe (Frag. Inc. i) . • . . • 43^ 

iv. Men and wine {F)emeiv\\xs) 431 

V. Dress improvement (Isostasium) .... 432 

vi. Eros (Phaedrus) 433 













■ 438 


i. Actors and vintcs (Epiclerus 2) 

li. Lcucas (Leucadia i) 
iii. The good getiiiis (Frag. Inc. i8j 
iv. Life is a fair (H3'pobolimaeus) 
V. Human life (Theophorumene) 
vi. Good and evil (The Misogynist) 
vii. Physicians (Phanium) 
viii. Eros (The Treasure) 
ix. Law (Frag. Inc.) . 

i. The siimmuni bonuni (Pyrrhus) 

ii. Mans sorrows (Frag. Inc.) 

XI. STRATO. The Homeric chef . 

V. Alexandrine Poets and Epigrams. 


i. Daphnis (Id. i. 64-75, 114-141) 

ii. Unrequited love Td. iii. 12-20) 

iii. Thalysia (Id. vii. 129-147) 

iv. Menalcas and Daphnis (Id. viii. 33 56) . 

V. Hylas (Id. xiii) ..... 

vi. The feast of Adonis (Id. xv. 1-99) . 

vii. Eros stung by a bee (Id. xix) . 

viii. Age and youth (Id. xxix) 

i. Cypris and Adonis (Id. 42-59. 65 76) 

ii. The teacher taught Id. iii) 






i. Eiiropa (Id. ii. 102-130) ..... 461 

ii. Tlic Jloivers return (Id. iii. 105- 1 11) . . . 462 

IV. CALLIMACHUS. Hymn to the Bath of Pallas 

(Hymn v. 1-34, 43-54} 462 


i. Hylas (Argonautica, i. 1207-1239) .... 464 

ii. Eros and Ganymede (Argon, iii. 114-158) . . 465 

iii. Medea (Argon, iii. 802-824) 4^7 

VI. LYCOPHRON. Alexandra s vision (Alex. 249-257', 468 


i. Love, his only theme ...... 469 

ii. Drinking universal ....... 469 

iii. The visit of Eros ....... 470 

iv. The adornment of his Clip . . . . .471 



i. The Erctrians in Media (Plato) .... 472 

ii. On the Greeks at Chaeronea ..... 472 

iii. The tomb of Achilles ...... 473 

iv. Hector ......... 473 


i. Spring (Meleager) ....... 473 

ii. Voyaging (Leonidas) ...... 474 

iii. The wine-press (Agathias) ..... 475 





i. The fairest Jloiver (Meleager) . 

ii. Hue and cry for Eros (Meleager) . 
iii. Lysidice (Philodemus) 
iv. ' Gather ye rosebuds ' (Rufinus) 

V. A garland (Meleager) 
vi. ' Leave a kiss within the cup ' (Agatliias) 
vii. Hesper Phosphor (Meleager) . 
\iii. Heliodora (Meleager) 
ix. The ti'iiui and the rose 

X. Lovers astronomy .... 




The morning and evening star Plato) 



Heliodora dead (Meleager) 



The tomb of Baucis ' Erinna) . 



Crethis (Callimachus) 






The dead bride (Meleager) 



Prexo (Leonidas) , 
Sopolis (Callimachus) 



Sailor and husbandman ( Plato) 



The shipwrecked sailor (Plato) . 



The grave (Paulus Silcntiarius) 



' After me the deluge ' 



Live while you live . 



Hope and chance 



Dion (Plato) .... 



Pindar (?\aio) 

. 483 



xvii. Heyaclitus (Callimachus) 

xviii. The tomb of Sophocles (Simmias) 

xix. The tomb of Anacreon (Antipater) 

XX. Clitagoras (Leonidas) 

xxi. Amynticltus .... 




Artemis Diotimus) 



Eros asleep (Plato) 



Mother and child (Parmenio) 



Faun and pipe Agathias) 



Niobe 1 Meleager) . 



The hunter's tomb . 



Anacreon (Leonidas) 



An engraved gem (Plato) 



Pan piping Plato") 



i. Life is a play {PaWadas) . . . . • 

ii. Naked I came and naked I shall go (Palladas) 
iii. We are fed on air (Palladas) . 

iv. Life and nature 

V. Woman's Life (Agathias) 

vi. A game at dice (Agathias) 
vii. The path of Life (Poseidippus) 
viii. The stars (Ptolemy) 

ix. Drink and be merry 

X. The music of the stars Argentarius) 

xi. I have lived my life {FhWodemMS) . 







1. Iliad iii. 130-244 

2. //?«</ ix. 496-514 

3. Iliad xii. ■2-fit-2S)(^ 

4. Hcsiod (Works and Days, 765-828) 

5. Alcman i . . 

6. Stesichoms iii . 

7. Pindar (Olymp. i. 28-35) • 

8. Aeschylus (Agam. 160-257) 
'.t. Aescliylus (Agam. 404-474) 

10. Aeschylus (Agam. 11 78-1330) 

11. Aeschylus (Choephori, 315-465) 

12. Aeschylus (Eum. 235-253) 

13. Aeschylus (Eum. 307-396) . 

14. Sophocles (Antigone, 806-928) 

15. Sophocles (Trach. 94-140) . 

16. Sophocles (Oedipus Coloneus, 1211-1248) 

17. Sophocles (Philoctetes, 827-832) 

18. Aristophanes (Acharn. 280-556) 

19. Aristophanes (Acharn. 280-556) 

20. Aristophanes (Acharn. 280-556) 

21. Aristophanes (Acharn. 280-556) 

22. Aristophanes (.Clouds, 1-431) 

23. Aristophanes (Clouds, 1-431) 

24. Aristophanes (Clouds, 1-431) 
2;'. An'stophanes (Birds, 676-783) 

26. Callimachus (Hymn) 

27. Epigrams 





•28. Plato (Dion) 519 

29. Meleager (Niobe) 519 

30. .(4 r^g-fw/rtn'Ms (The music of the stars) . . . 520 


1. Helen from the ivalls of Troy looking for her brothers 

2. The Trojan watch-fires 

3. The Invention of the Lyre 

4. The Ox-stealer . 

5. Time's Irony 
ti. Chorus of Birds 

7. The song of the Mystac 

8. The feast of Adonis 




Page 125, 1. 37, foi Oiairiaias read Ofaneffias 

Page 161, 1. 27, for S' read Si' 

Page 187, Phocylides i, for Womenkind. read Womankind. 




EoiKt fifv yap twv KoKSiv anavTav tovtcov tuv rpayiKcov 
npwTOi ^Op.rjposj 8i8dcrK(i\os re koi fiyepuiv yeve'crdat. 

Plato, Rep. X. 595. 


For the later Greeks, as for us, the Homeric poetry was the 
beginning of Greek literature ; and they were not less ignorant 
than ourselves of its date, the mode of its composition, and its 
history. The short sum of what ancient testimony has handed 
down and modern criticism has inferred as probable with regard 
to these questions is as follows : — 

At some period, probably between 900 and 700 B. C., before 
historical events began to be contemporaneously recorded in 
Greece, a number of poems were composed in hexameters, 
chiefly on the great national subject of the war of Troy and the 
heroes who bore a part in its conduct. These poems were of 
three species ; one kind truly epic, treating of some portion of the 
war or its consequences as a connected series of events leading up 
to a single issue, another biographical, treating of the adventures 
of particular chiefs from birth to death, and a third genealogical, 
treating of lists of successive personages, heroic or divine, without 
any chronological or poetical unity. Of the first kind were 
the Iliad and Odyssey ; of the third Hesiod's Theogony and 
Eoiae or Catalogue of female characters : of the second no 
example remains to us. Many of the compositions of the first and 
third kinds seem to have been long regarded as equally Homeric, 
but the Iliad and Odyssey were the most popular, and at some 
time after Herodotus came to be considered as in a peculiar sense 
the works of Homer as distinguished from the authors of the rest. 
Of the two poems so distinguished by ancient taste the Odyssey 
was almost certainly composed as one work, with perhaps the 
exception of some portions, such as the eleventh and twenty-fourth 

B 2 


books, and part of the twenty-third and some scattered passages 
of less importance, which were not always accepted as genuine by 
antiquity, and bear marks in themselves of being additions to the 
original substance. The bulk of the Iliad also was probably com- 
posed as one poem, on the subject of the wrath of Achilles, but 
books 2 to 7 inclusive and books 9, 10, 22, and 24 do not perfectly 
harmonise with the remainder, and may perhaps be a somewhat 
later enlargement of the original design into one comprehending 
not merely the consequences of Achilles' wrath, but also a general 
account of the chief events which led to the fall of Troy. 
Whether or not this theory of original bases and subsequent 
additions be well founded, it cannot be doubted that substantially 
the whole of each poem was composed in an age in which the 
epic faculty remained still fresh and unimpaired. But it does not 
follow either that the two poems or that the whole of either was 
the work of one mind. Even ancient critics questioned the iden- 
tity of authorship of the Iliad and Odyssey ; and it is quite 
uncertain whether either of them was as a whole the production 
of a single author or was the joint composition of a guild of 
hereditary bards. 

What seems certain is that the Iliad and Odyssey had reached 
nearly their present form before the time of Solon's laws. Cicero 
and Pausanias gave currency to a fable, apparently unsupported 
by any evidence, that Peisistratus first collected and pieced 
together scattered epic lays into these consistent wholes. But the 
probability is that they were committed to writing in almost their 
present state about 650 I>. C, and thenceforth at least underwent 
no material change. Their preservation down to that time without 
fatal loss is to be attributed to the practised memory and Homer- 
ised taste of the professional reciters or rhapsodists, Homer's 
curators and heirs. 

By the seventh century the epic impulse seems to have died 
away as the form of society changed in Greece, and not only were 
no new epics of importance pioductd, but the Iliad and Odyssey 
gradually l,cgan to pass from the public places into schools and 


homes. But at the same time copies began to be multiplied and 
the text to be carefully guarded from corruption. As the substance 
of a liberal education, as a treasury of rhetoric, as an inexhaustible 
mine of philosophical and political problems, as acknowledged 
authorities on matters of history, genealogy, and morality, and the 
source whence poets drew their inspiration, as well as through the 
reverent admiration which they never ceased to command, they 
passed down in generally good preservation to the Alexandrian 

These critics exerted great powers, with the advantage of having 
to deal with a yet living language, to purify and correct the great 
mass of epics which had been preserved to them. They included 
the two Homeric works in a general edition or cycle, which con- 
sisted of an arrangement of all the principal epic poems according 
to the relative chronology of their subjects, so as to form 
a complete course of heroic narrative, but bestowed their chief 
pains on the Iliad and Odyssey. Zenodotus cleared the text of 
all that seemed to him contradictory or unworthy ; Aristophanes 
restored much that seemed to have fallen out or to have been 
unjustly rejected ; and Aristarchus, chief of the three, combining 
the results of their labours with his own, produced a text and 
commentai-y which are the basis of our readings and interpretation 
of Homer. The text as we now find it is in the main as it was 
fixed by him; for though the extant manuscripts, with the 
exception of a portion of the Iliad which is found in a very 
ancient uncial manuscript, are not older than the eighth or ninth 
century (that is, at least nine hundred years later than the time of 
Aristarchus), and are in many places very inaccurate, they are 
supplemented by scholia which preserve much of the results 
of his criticism. 

Originally the Homeric poems were recited by the Homerids 
or bards in person, with a prelude and perhaps an occasional 
accompaniment on a harp ; afterwards by professional rhapso- 
dists, who with laurel-boughs in their hands, and, in later times, 


distinguished by coloured dresses, of red for the Iliad and of 
purple for the Odyssey, singly or by parts recited particular books 
or even the whole poems, generally without any musical accom- 
paniment, but with marked rhythm and appropriate gestures, to 
assembled crowds at banquets and public festivals. The fact 
that these songs were primarily intended for the ear and not for 
the eye explains many of their peculiarities, such as the plain 
structure and shortness of the sentences, the customary epithets 
and formulas often repeated, and those frequent transitions and 
apostrophes, the harshness of which would be much lessened 
in recitation, and which might even be especial opportunities for 
the display of the reciter's art in the production of sudden 
dramatic effects and picturesque impersonations. 

Hesiod was generally thought by the Greeks to have been 
either the senior or the contemporary of Homer. The author of 
the Works and Days (or Calendar of Husbandry), which alone 
(^Pausanias says) of the Hesiodic poems was admitted by the 
I'oeotians to be genuine, states that he lived at Ascra near 
Helicon, and that his father had come from Kyme in Aeolis. 

The Homeric Hymns are of different dates, probably ranging 
from 750 to 500 B. C. 



Nine years the Greeks laid siege to Troy, and by help of 
Achilles kept the Trojans within their walls. But in tJie 
tenth year, when Achilles withdrew in wrath from the -war, 
Zeus gianted Thetis^ prayer that the Greeks might fly before 
the Trojans until Agamemnon should repair Achilles' wtong ; 
and the same flight sent a lying dream to bid Agamemnon 
give battle in the morning, for that he should take the town. 
When the next day the Greeks came near, the Trojans went 
out to meet them by the hillock at the gate ; but before the battle 
ZL'as joined Paris challenged Ulenelaus to single combat for 
Helen and her wealth in the midst of the armies. While the 
priests made ready the sacrifices for a truce. Iris led Helen to 
the gate to see the fight. There Helen meets Priam, and 
names for him the chiefs of the Greeks below. 

" Afvp' 'i6i, uvfj.(f)a 0tA'/, iva decTKeXa epya iSrjai 
TpQ}(ov 6' (TTTToSa'/xcoi' Koi ' \x.aia)v ;(aXKo;;^tTCOi/a)i'. 
oi TTplv fTT aXXrjXoi.(Ti ([iepov Tro\v8aKpvv hp-qa 
(V TreSto), oKooio XtXaio'/xei/ot TroXefxoio, 

01 8t] vvv earai cnyrj — TroXf/xos he irinavTai — 5 

dairiai AceKXi/xeVoi, irapa S' f'yx^^ fiaKpa nknriyev. 
airap 'AXe^afbpos Koi dprjKpiXoi MeveXaos 
fiOKp^s iy)(iii}cn pii)(rj(TOVT(a nfpl aeio' 
r« 8e Ke viKxicravTi, (f)iXr] k(kXt](tt] ukoith. 


'^Qf eiTTovcra Bta yXvKvv "ififpov ffi^aXe ^v/jw io 

avbpoi re Trporepoio Koi acrreos rjde toki]U)V. 
(wr'iKa 8' apytvvficn Kokv^apevT] oBovrjcnv 
wppuT (K ffaXdpoio, Tepev Kara 8aKpv ^fovaa, 
OLK oirj' apa Tjjye koX ap(f)i7ro\oi 8v enovro, 
Aidpr] IIiT6i]ov dvyaTTjp KKvprvr) re ^owmi. 15 

ot\^a 8' eneiff iKavov odi ^Katai TriiXai rjnav. 
n'l 8' ap(p\ nplapov Koi Ildvdoov r]8f QvpoiTTjv 
Ai'tprrov re KXvriov & 'iKeraova t o^ov Aprjos, 
OiiKaXeytov Tf Koi ^AvTTjVcop, TTfTrvvpeva iip(f)a), 
("iuTO BrjpoyfpovTti eVt '2Kai^ai nvXrjaiv, 20 

yrjpa'i 817 TToXepoio TTfnavpevoi, dXX ayoprjTcu 
f (T^Xoi, TfTTiyfaaiv foiKore^, 01 Tf Kad vXrjv 
?ifv8peo) f(f)f^6pfvoi OTTO \eipi6f(r(Tav U'lcriV 
Tii'ioi apa Tpoicov rjyrjTopfs fjvr ent rrvpyco. 
ot 6' as ovv eibovff 'EXevrjv en\ nvpyov lovcrav, 25 

rJKa TTpos dWrjXovi fnta TTTfpufvr dyopevov. 
" ov vtptcris Tpaas koi evKVT}fii8as A)(aiovs 
T0ifj8' dp(fH ywaiKL ttoXvv xpovov uXyea TT(i<T)(fLV 
(ilvwi (WavuTTjai 6(fjs fls W7ra foiKtv. 

(\Wh Kcu hi, Toirj Trep fova, iv vrjvo'l V(ta6a>, 30 

/xjy8* Tjp.'iv TfKfeiriTL T OTTicraai nrjpa Xnroirn, 

Qs op* ((Pav, TIplapLOS 8' 'E\ei>T]v eKaKtacraTo (f)o>v^' 
" tfvpo napoiff ikdovaa, (fjiXov rtKOi, i^ev ipt'io, 
f')(j)pa I^T] TTpoTfpov re ttotji/ jrrjovs re <}}i\nvi rt — 
nv Ti poi alriT) fVirt* dan vv poi aiTioi elaiv, 35 

ot pot €(f)U)ppr](Tav nuXtpov TroXvdaKpvv A)(at<ou — 
wf pni Koi TijvS" ("ivBpa TTfXdipiov f^nvoprjvrjs, 
or rtf 08' ((Tt\v 'Axutus dvrjp rjvs t( ptym re. 


T] rot ^iv KecPaXrj Kui fiei^ovts aWoi eaaiv, 

Kfikoi' 8 ovrco eyuiv ov ttw 'i8ov u<pdu'Kfj,o'tai.v, 40 

ovd' ovTU) yepapoV QaaiKrjL yap dv8p\ eoiKfv. 

Toi/ 8 F,\evr] fivdoirriv cipdjBfTO, 8'ia yvvaiKQ>V 
" al8ol6s T€ poi ea(Tt, (j)ikf eKvpe, 8(ii'6s re' 
(OS b(f)e\ev davriTos pni dSfic KaKus, Smrore 8evpo 
vU'i aco fTToprjv, 6a\apov yvarovi re XnTovcra 45 

ncu8d Tf TTJkvyiT-qv Kcii 6pr]XiKU]v epareLvrjv. 
oXXa TO. y ovk iyivovTO' to Kai Kkaiovaa TiTrf<a. 
TovTO 8e TOi epeco, o p avupeai rjSe pfTaXXas . 
oiiTos y 'ATp(LSrj<; ti/pv Kpeiav 'Ayapepvav, 
dp<pijT(pov, (BacriXevs t dyados KpaTepos t at)(prjTr']s. 50 

8afip avT f'pos ecTKe KwamiSos, ft ttot erju ye. 

'fi? (pdro, Tov 8 6 yepwv r]ya(rcraTo, (pojvrjcrev re' 
" d) puKap 'ATpel8r], poiprjyefes, oX^ioBaipov, 
rj pa vv TOi TToXXot 8e8prjaTO Kovpoi A;(atwi/. 
rjhr) Kai (Sfpvyirjv dai'jXvdov dpTreXuecrcrav, 55 

ev6a 180V TrXetarovs ^pvyas, avepcn aioXononXovs, 
XnoiT 'Orp^os koi MvySovos dvrideoio, 
01 pa TOT idTpaTooiVTo TTO/j' 'o)(6as 'Sayyapioto' 
Km yap iya>v en'iKOvpns icov pera Tolcriv tKi^Brjv 
I'jpnTt r<» OTe t fjXBov ^Apa^oves avTiavfipai' 60 

aXX ovS' oi Toaoi fjaav ucroi iXiKconfs A^^aioi. 

Afvrepov avT 'OSvarja l8(ov tpeeiv 6 ytpaioi' 
eiTT aye poi /cat Tovof, (piAov t(KOS, os tis 00 tCTTiv 
peiuiv pev Ke(paXjj 'Ayapepvovos ArpetSao, 
fiipvTfpos 8' oip'tKTLV iSe (TTtpvoiaiv ISeadai. 65 

Tev)(ea ptv ol (ceirai fTri x^^^"' TrovXv^oTeipi], 
avTos 8f KTiXos COS eVtTTajXetrat aTi^as dv8p<ii}V. 

lo HOMER. 

dpvdu fxiv iyw ye ficTKco Tnjyfcri^aWa), 
OS T oicoi/ fxeya ircov Step;^fTai dpyivvdoiv. 

ToJ/ fi r;/ieif3fr' eneid' 'EXtprj Aioj (Kyeyavla' 70 

" ovTos 6 av AaepTidBrji 7roXi'/^»;rir 'OSuao-ei;?, 
Sf Tpn(f>i] iv hr]fX(f 'iddnTjs Kpavarjs irep iovarjs, 
tl8(t}s TTavToiovs T€ 8dXovi Kai p.T]8ea irvKvd" 

Tr)v S avT ^AvTrjvap TreirvvpLivos durlou rjvda' 
" S) yxivai, Tj piiKa tovto enos vrjfxtpTei eeiTTts' 75 

fj8r] yap Kal 8eip6 ttot rjXvBe bios 'OSucrcreir, 
ati) (ViK ayyekirjs, crvp dp}fi(f>iXo) 'MevfXda' 
Toijs d e'-yw i^iiviuira Koi iv p.eydpoiai (f)iXrjcra, 
afx(f)OTfpoiV de (})vr]i> ihdrjv Kai pr]8fa TTVKvd. 
aXK ore 8f] Tp^fucriv iv dypofitvoiaiv tpi^dev, 80 

(TTavTOii' fxeu MevtXaos vneipe^^v evpeas cop-ovs, 
(ificfxi) 8' e^opevco, yepaparepos fjev '08vacrfvs. 
dXX' ore 8t) p.vBovs Kol /xjjSeu irdcnv vcpaivov, 
J] TOi fifv MfveXaoi eTTiTpo^^dbrfV aydpevtv, 
navpa p.(v, dXXa pAXa Xiyecos, eVet ov TToXvpvBoi, 85 

ov6' d(^apapTO(TTr]s, (I Koi yevd vcrrepos rjev. 
dXX' ore dt] noXvprjTis dvcu^aev 'Odvcrcrevs, 
ardaKfv, vnai he 'lOeaKe Kard x^ovos ofipara nrj^as, 
(TKqitTpov S* ovT OTTicro) (jvTi TTpoTTprjves ivutpa, 
aXX a(rr(fi(f)es i'^^taKtv, didpei cfxoTi eoiKo^s' 90 

<f)air]s Ke ^UKOTop Tf Tiv tpptvai dcppovd T avTus. 
dXX ore 8r) p orra re peydXrjp (k crTiideos eirj 
Kai ill (a vi(pd8f(Tcnv ioiKora ;(ft//fpt_7;(rii', 
oxjK dv ejTfiT Ohvafji y ipicraeu f^pords dXXos. 
f ov TOTf y a»8' 'OSntr^os dyaacrdpeb' fl8os tSoj/rer."] 95 

To rpiTOV avT Alama I8u)v epteip' 6 yepaios' 


Ti? T «p 00 aAAos' A;^aios ai/7;p ^uy re fieycis re, 
i^o\os 'Apyfiav Kf(pakrjv re koi evpeas oopovs ; 

Tov 8' 'EXcVj; Tai'VTrfTrXos dfiellBero, 8ia yvvaiKO)v' 
" ovro? S' Aiay e'o-rt TreXfopioy, epKoy 'A;^a(coi/. lOO 

'l8ofievevs 8' irepwBfv eVl ' prjrecrai 6eos coy 
fOTTjK, ap(p\ Se /iti' KpT/Tcoi/ dyoi rjyepedovTai. 
TToXXaKi piv ^eivicrafv aprjicfyiXos MeveXaos 
oiKW iv TjpeTepQ}, oTTore Kprirridev ikoito. 

vvv 8' aWovs fJ-fV nuvras opco iXiKcunas Axaiovs, 105 

ovs K€v iv yvoLi]v Kai t ovvopa pv6r](Ta'ipi]v' 
Soto) S' ov bvvapai, IBeeiv Koani'jTope Xawv, 
Ka(TTopd & innoSafxov Kol nv^ ayaSov lioKvbivKiaj 
avTOKaaiyvTirai, rco poi pia ynvaro prjTrjp. 
^ ouT^ eanecrSrjv AaKeSaifiovos i^ epareivtis, 110 

fj hfvpoi fjiiv enovTO vetaa evi irovTOiropoKnv, 
vvv avT oiiK ideXovai pdxW Karubvpevai av8pa>v, 
aiaxfn SeiSiores koi oj/etSea ttoXX a / ol eanu. 

'Qs (puTO, Tovs 8' Tjdrj Kare^eu (fivai^oos aia 
iv AaKf8ai.povi avdi, (piX;] iv TrarpiSt yairj. 115 

[iii. 130-244.] 


Alenelaus disarmed Paris, and the Trojans were ready 
to restore Helen and end the war. But lest Troy should 
escape its ruiti, Here and Athene moved Pandarus to shoot 
secretly at Menclaiis. His arrow broke the truce ; and the 
armies join battle beneath the walls. 

I2s 8* oT iv aiyjaXo) ttoXv^xj^'I KVfia faXdaarj: 
opwT inaa-avrepov Zecpvpov vtto Kivrjcravros' * 

13 HOMER. 

TTovTco iiiv Tf TTpoiTa KopviTceTai, avTap eneLra 

Xfpaa) prjyvvpevov p.(yd\a, dpcjn 8e r uKpas 

Kvpruv lup Kopv(f)oiT(it,, anoTTTvei 5' c'lXos ii^vr]v' 5 

ilii TOT fTraacrvTfpai Aavacov Kiuvvro (^dXayyfs 

vuiXepfois n6\fp6v8f (ceXfue 8e oiaiv eKacrros 

Tjyep.ovcov' 01 8' aXXoi (ikiiv 'icrtiv — ouSf /ce <j)air]9 

Toacrov \a6u firfcrdai e^ovT if (TTTjdfaiv av8r]v — 

(TLyij 8fi8u'>T(s (Trjp,dvTopa£' dp.(p) 8e Trdaiv 10 

Tfvxfa noiKiX' eXapUf, tu e'lpevoi iarix^ocovTo. 

Tpcoes S', (OS T oies TToXv7Tup.ovos avSpos iv avXfj 

ftvpiai {(TTTjKacnv cipfXyupevai yaXa XfVKov, 

a^fJXei pfpaKv'iai, uKovovcrai ona dpvwv, 

hs Tpaxov dXaXrjTos dva crTpaTov evpiiv opwpei' 15 

oil yap irdvTav f/ev Sfxos Bpoos ov8 la yrjpvs, 

uXXa yXwacr' ([lepiKTO, ttoXvkXtjtoi 8' eaau av8pes. 

tbpcre 8e Toiis p-ev "'Aprjs, rovi 8e yXavKojTTis 'A6t]vt] 

Afi/xof T r]8e 4j()/3os koi ' Epis upoTov pepav'ia, 

Apeos av8po(jj6i>oio KaaiyvrjTrj eTaprj re, 20 

fj T oXlyq pev TvpioTa KopvacTfTai, avTcip erreira 

ovpavw ecTTrjpL^f Kuprj koi eVi x^ovi ^aivei. 

fj a(f)lU Koi TQTi Pf'lKOS OpOUOV ip^uXi peCTCrCO 

(p^opevq Ka6' opiKov, u(j)(XXovaa (TTovov (iv8pa)V. 

Ot 8' 076 8f] pi" eV x^P°^ ^^°- ^vviouTfs 'lkovto, 25 

rrvv p (jjiiXov pivovs, crvv S' eyxfu Koi peve av8pa>v 
X(iX<ffi6u>prjKU)v' (trap dfTTrtSej op(f}aXd(craat 
'(TvXr]VT d.X\f]Xrj(Ti, TToXiis 8' dpvpay^ui upu>p(i. 
i'uda 6' lip.' olpcoyf) re Kcii fup^tuXr) niXfv i]v8pu)V 
uXXvvTuiv Tf Ku\ uXXvpivoiv, pee 6' (upciTi yalti, 30 

wj 8' OTf \fipappoi noTupoi kut !jp(<7(f)i peovTfs 

ILIAD. 13 

Kpnvvav fK fj.eyu\(ov, koi\t]s evroaOe xnpdSprjs' 
TOiv 8e T€ TrjXocre tovnov iv ovpeaiv fKXve Troiprjv' 
Q)S TOIV p.i(Tyoptvu)V yiviro la^rj re novos re. :5:; 

[iv. 422-456.] 


Though Achilles lay in his tent apart, Diomed kept the field 
against Aphrodite and against Ares, and drove hack the 
Trojans to the walls in spite of Zens'' will, for Athene sat at 
his side. To propitiate her anger Hector sent the Trojan 
matrons in procession to her temple, and retitrniiig to the 
front found Andromache 'with Astyatiax weeping at the gate, 
and bids them tliere fa7-civell. 

EuT6 r,vka^ iKave 8i.fp)(6fjifvos pfya I'kttv 

"SiKaias TT} yap e/xeXXe die^ipfvai, TTf^iovSe 

fvo a\o)^os TToXvdaipos ivavTlt] rjXde Oeovcra 

Av8popd)(rj, 6vyciTr]p fieyciXrjTopos 'Hert'cowy, 

HfTiav OS 'ivauv vno likaKca vXrjeaar], c 

Qtj^j) VTroTrXaKir}, KiXUeacr livhpeacnv dvd(Tcra>u' 
Tov nep 8rj BvyaTTjp e'xed' ''EKTopi xoXKOKopvarf/ . 
T) 01 i'neiT TJvTrja , apa 8' dp(pLiToXos kUv avrf/ 
770.1.8 eVi kuXttco exovcr druXdcppova, vrjTTLov avTcos, 

EKTopi8r]v dyanrjTiiv, dXiyKiov darepi KaXa, 10 

TOV p EKTcop KaXeeaKe '2Kapdv8piov, airap 01 (iXXoi 

AarvuvaKT' oios yap epvero "iXiop "EKTOip. 
rJTOi o piv p€i8rja-fu tSwi/ is TTai8a aia>7rjj' 

Av8popdxT] 8e ol (iyxi- naplararo 8dKpv xf'ovcra, 
61/ r apa ol (jyv ;(f ipl, erros t 'ic^ar , (k t uvopa^ev' 1 z, 

" Satjuowe, cf.6i(rfi ere 76 crov pevos, ouS' tXeaipfis 

14 HOMER. 

-Koiha re vryn'iayov kui %\i aixfiopov, rj rdxa xhpi 

(TeO ifTOfiaC Ta)(a yap <Tf KaTaKTavfovcriv A^atot 

iravTii ecf)opfiT]dfVTes' tpol 8e Kf KepSiov f'lrj 

crev acpapapTovcrrj )^6uvn ^vptvai' ov yap er aWrj 20 

ftrrai daXTrcopfj^ eVfl av av ye irorpov inicmris, 

dXX a;^e'. OuSe poi. 'f(TTi Trarrjp Ka\ TToTVia prjTrjp. 

fjTOi yap irarep apov aireKrave 8los A^tXXevy, 

fK be TToXiv TTepaev KiXikwi' evvaieTa(>i(rav, 

Qi'j^rjv vyj/iTTvXov' KUTu 8' eKTavev 'Heriava, 25 

ov8e piv e^evdpt^e, cre^dcraaTO yap to ye dvpa, 

dW apa piv KareKTje avv evreai. 8ai8aXeoi(Tiv 

rjS' en), arrjp exeeu' nepl 8e TrreXeas ecfjvrevcrav 

vvpcj)ai opearuides, Kovpai Aius alyioxoio. 

ot fie poi eTTTCL KacriyvriTOi, eaav ev peydpoicriv, 30 

01 pev ndvres la kIov fjpaTi A'ibos elVco' 

rrdvTas yap KareTrftfive noddpKTjs 8los 'A)(iXXevs 

I3ov<t\p en elXinodeaai Ka\ dpyevvijs dieaaLV. 

prjre'pa 8' , fj /3a(TiXevei/ vn<> nXoKO) vXTjetra]], 

rfju eVel *ip 8eiip' ijyay ap aWoKTi KTedreacriv, 35 

ci\|r o ye Tr]v dneXvae \a^a)u dnepdaC cinoiva, 

narput S! ev peydpoiai f3d\' ' Aprepis to;^/atpa. 

'EKTop, drdp (TV pot erraL naTrjp Ka\ noTuia prjrrjp 

r]8e KaalyvTjTOS, crv 8e pot daXepos napaKoirrfs. 

aXX aye vvv eXeaipe Kul avTov p'lpv en\ nvpyco, 40 

pT) TToiS' 6p(f)aviKov 6r]Tjs XWI" '''^ yvvcuKa. 

Xaov 8e (TTr](Tov nap epiveov, ev6a pdXiaTa 

dpliards ecTTi noXis koI enl8popov enXero re^xoi. 

rpis yap rrj y eXddvres eTreiprjaavB oi apicTToi 

dprfi' Aiaure 8vo) Ka\ dyaKXvTov ^ibapevrjU 45 

2 LI AD. 15 

ijS a/^^ ATpetSnf koi TvS/oj (iXki/xov vlov' 
fj TTOv rii (T(l)iv eviaTTf deoTrpoTrloiv (ii eldcos, 
tj vv Kai avToiv 6v^6s enorpwei kol dvayft, 

Trjv 8 avre Trpoaefine fj.eyas KopvdaioKos EKTap' 
" Tj Koi ffiaii Td8( navra ixeXei, yvvai' aXXa fxaX' alvms 50 
atSeojLtai Tpaas Km Tpwddas (XKfcrLiTeTrXovs, 
a'l Ke KQKus cos v6(T(l)iv dXvcr/cd^cd noXepoio, 
ov8e fie dvp-bs avaytv, iivii fj.a6ov epp.evai icr6\os 
aU\ KaX TrpaiToicn fxeTO. Tpaxaai pd)(ea0ai., 
dpvvpevos narpos re peya KXeos r]8' ep.6v avTov, 55 

fv yap ey<b ToBe otSa Kara (ppeva koi Kara 6vp6v' 
€(Ta€Tai fjpap or civ ttot oXcoX?; ' iXtof ipr] 
Kui UplapLOS Kai \aos ivpfxiKici) Upidpoio. 
aXX ov fioi Tpciicov Toaaov fieXei aXyos onicrcrco, 
ovT avTTJs Eko/S^s ovt€ Upidfxoio avanTOi 60 

oijTe KaaiyvTjTcov, ot Kev TToKees re Knl eadXol 
fv KoviTjat TTfcroiev vn dvhpdcri bvcrfieviecrcnv, 
ocrcrov creC, ore Kev ris A)(aia)v )^aXKn^irc!i)vcov 
duKpvoeaaav ayrjTUi, eXeiSepov rjpap anovpas. 
Kai Kev iv Apyei eovaa npbs ciXXrjs lcttov v(paivois, 61; 

Km K(V v8cop (popeois MeacrrjiSos rj 'YTrepdrjs 
TToXX' deKa^opepq, Kparepi) S eniKeiaer avdyKt], 
Kai TTore Tis inrrjuiv l8cov Kara 8dKpv )(eov(rav, 
'"EKTopos lySe yvvrj, os dpiarfvecTKe pd^ecrGai 
Tpaicov iTnro8dp,a)v, ore iXiov dp(f)fpd)(ovTO. jro 

o)? TTore Tis (peeC cro\ 6' av veov ea-aerai aXyos 
;^^Tet Toiov8' dvSpos, dpvveiv SouXfof i]pap. 
aXXd pe TedvTjwTa X^'"'''] Kara ya2a KaXvTTToi 
TTpiv y en aijs re ^orjs troi) 6 eXKijOjioio irvdecrOai.. 


i6 HOMER. 

Qs finuv ov naidos ope^aro (jialSifjiOs Exrcop. 
H\|/- 8' 6 TTaV? TT/joy KoXnov fij^uiuoio tiOtjvtjs 
€kKIv6t) ia)^a)v, Trarpos (})i\ov uyj/iv dTV)(6f)s, 
Tapjiijcras X"^Koi> re tSe \6(pov ijnrioxaiTrji', 
dfipov an' aKpoTuTTjs Kopvdos vevovra uorjaas. 
(K S' eyekaaae Trarrjp re (f)i\os Koi TtoTvia jjLTjTTjp. 8o 

aiTiK aiTo Kparos Kopvff eiXero (paiSipos "E/crcop, 
Koi TTjv p.iv KaTidrjKev eVt ;(^oi't TTapcfiavooaaau' 
ai/rap o y' 6v (f)LX.ov v'lov inei Kvae TrrjXe re x^paiv, 
etTrei* fjifv^dpevos Ati t aXXoicriv re Btoiaiv' 
" Z(v aWoL re Seoi, Bore drj k(u Tovde yeveadm 85 

7rdi8 fpov, uis Ka\ iyoa irep, dpirrpenea TpayecrcriP 
a)Se, ^iirjv t dyaQov, koi 'iXt'ov i0t dva<T<Tii,v. 
Kai TTore ris (iiTTjcn, ' Ilarpo? y 68e ttoXXov dpeivav,' 
fK TToXffiov dviovTa' (f)epoi 8' evapa ^poTOivra 
KTfivas drj'iov av8pa, ^(ape'iri be (f)peva prjTtjp. (jo 

Off fliTuiv aK6)(oio (^lKtjs fv x^paiv fdrjKtv 
TToio eov' T] 8' tipa piv Kr)U)h(i dt^aro koXttco 
daKpvoev yeXdaacra' noais S' eXtrja-e vof/aai, 
Xeipi T€ piv Karept^ev, enos t ecfjar, eK t ovopa^ev' 
" daipoviTj, px) pol Ti Xirjp aKax^C^c dvpco' gs, 

ov yup Tii pH vnep aiaav dvrjp'A'iBi Trpo'Ui'^fi' 
po'ipau b' ov Tivd (jirjpi TTf^Pvypevov tppevai avhpwv, 
ov KOKOV, ov8e pev eaOXov, eniju to. irptora yeyrjTai. 
dXX' (It oiKov loia-a tu a avrrjs epya Kopi^e, 
luTov T TjXaKaTrju re, kcu dp(PnruXoiai Kt'Xfve 100 

fpyov tnoixfO'Bai. HoXtpos S' dvbpfcrcn peXTjaei 
ndaiu, epoi 8e puXiara, toi 'iXi'w eyyeydacriv. 

Qi apa (fjciiyrjiTus KopvO eiXfro (pai5t.pos EKTcop 

ILIAD. 17 

iTTnovpiv. u\o)(Os 8e ^tXr; oLKOvde fie^j]Kn 
evrpona\i.^ofxevr], Baktpov Kara duKpv )(eova-a. 105 

af\l/a S' (Tieiff "iKave 86p.ovs ev vaifrdovTas 
'EKTopoi du^pocjiovoio, Kix^aaTo 8' evhoOi TroXXar 
diJL<pin6Xovs, rfjcriv Se yoov Trdcrrjaiv ivSapcrev. 
al ixfv (Ti ^(i)6v yoov "EKTopa w eVt o'ikco' 
ov yap piv eV e(j)avTO vnoTponov ex TToXe/ioto 1 10 

2^ea6ai, Trpocpvyovra pivos kcu x,e7pas Axaiuiv. 

[vi. 392-502.] 


Hector fought singly ivith Ajax till the evening, and 
a truce for the burying of the dead closed the second day. On 
the fourth, Zeus held the gods aloof from the battle, and at noott 
weighed the fates of Greeks and Trojans in his scales, and the 
Greeks^ fate fell. Then Hector drove them to the ne^u-made 
rampart of their ships luith slaughter, and at dark the Trojans 
lit up watchfires on the field lest in the night the Greeks should 
steal away. 

Ot 8e /Lteya (fipoveovTfs dva TrroXepoio y€(pvpas ^ 

flaro TTavvvxi-oi, irvpa 6e (T(pt(rL kuUto ttoXXo. 
o)y S' ot' ev ovpavoj aarpa (paeivfjv ap(jii (jeKr]vrjv 
(f)aiveT dpnrpfTrea, ore r (TrXeTO vrjvefxos aldrjp, 
eK T e({>aP€v ndaai aKOTTiai Koi Trpuoves aKpoi 5 

Ka\ vairai, ovpavvdiv b' lip vneppdyrj aaneTos aidrjp, 
■ndvra 8e t f'tderai ciaTpa, yiyrjde 8e re (ppeva noiprjv' 
T6(T(ra pecTTjyv Vfa>v rjbe auvSoio poaoov 
Tpuxav KaiovTcov nvpa (paivero 'iXiodi irpo. 
;^iXt* ap iv TTfSi'ft) Tivpa Kaiero, Trap be eKdarco 10 


i8 HOMER. 

«TaTO irevTTjKOVTa (Tf}iai nvpos aldonevoio. 
iTTTTOi 8e Kpl XevKov ipeiTToiievoL Km ukvpa^, 
iaraoTiS Trap oxfa-(j)LV, kvdpovov f]S) ii'ifivov. 

[viii. 553-565-] 


That night Agamemnon sent chiefs with prayers and gifts 
to Achilles ; but Achilles spurns his gifts and him. 

" Aioy€i/es XaepTu'ibr], 7To\vpi]xav 'OSvaraeii, 

vpT] fiev 8t] tov pv6ov dnrfXeyicos anoenreiv, 

ji rrep 8ij (ppovia re (cat ws r€Te\e(xp.evov earai, 

cos plT] pioi Tpv^tjre 7raprjp.(voi aXkoBev aXXos. 

fxBpos yap fioL Kelvos ofiSiS 'AiSao irvkr^aiv, [ 

OS X fT-epoj/ fih Kfvdt] cVi (ppeaiv, llXXo 8e eiTrrj. 

avrap iyo)v (pea> wr (loi toKel elvai upiara. 

ovT epLf y 'Arpttcirju ^ Ayap.epvova TTfKTfpev oico 

ovT oKKovs Aai/aouj, enel ovk apa Ttr x«P'^ ^^^ 

fidpvaaOai brjioicriv eV di/Spao-t i/coXf/itS atet. 

tcTT] fjio'ipa ptvavTi, Ka\ el paka tls TToXefiL^oi' 

iv be Ifi Tipfi fjpev kukos rjbe Ka\ eadXos' 

^Kardav 6p<os o t uepybs avr^p 6 re jroXXu eopyois.] 

ov8e Ti fioi nepUeiTai, eVei nddov cikyea 6vp.(o 

aUv eprjv "^vxh^ ixapaliaWop.evos nokepi^eiv. 15 

o)f 8' upvis dnrria-i veoaaoiai irpocfieprjaiv 

ftdaTUK, ine'i (ce 'hdjirjo-i, kokws S' lipa 01 Tre'Xet avTrj, 

Zis Ka\ e'yw ttoXAu? jiev diinvovs vvktos lavov, 

rjp.aTa 8' aipaToevra Bienprjaaov TroXe/iiftov, 

dvbpdcn fjLapvdiiepos ddptov tvtKa a<f)eTepda>v. 20 


ILIAD. 19 

h(i)hiKa hr\ (rvv vrjva\ noKtis oKaTra^ avOpinrav, 
TT((ps 5' (vhfKii <prifiL KOTO. Tpoirjv ip'i^cdXov' 
Ttloiv fK TTaaeav Keifj.i]\ia ttoKXci Kal e'cr^Xo 
(^ikofxrjv, KOI irdvTa (bepcov 'Ayapefxvovt 86(Tkou 
'ATpeiBfj' 6 8' oiTiade pepcov Trapa vtjvcti dorjaiv 25 

8(^dp.(vos 8ia Tvavpa BaadaKero, iroWd S ex^arKev. 
nXXa 8' dpL(rTrj((T(n 8i8ov yepa Koi [SaaiKeiKTiV 
Toiai p.ev fpnebu Kelrai, ifieii 8 dno povvov A;^ataii' 
etXer', e^^et S' a\o)(ov dvpapea' rrj Trapiavav 
TfpTrecrdoi. Tt 8e Set noXepi^epevai Tpaeo'cnu 30 

'Apy€iovs ; Ti 8e Xaw dvrjyayev ev6d8 dyeipas 
'ArpeiSrjs j rj ovx 'E,\€vr]s evfK rjvKopoLO ', 
Tj poiivoi (piXeovcr' dXo^ovs p,fp6jTa>v avdpooTraiv 
'ArpeiSat; eTrei os tis dvrjp dyados Koi e)(e(pp(i)v, 
TTjv avTov ({)ikeei koi KTjderai, a>s Koi eyo) ttjv 35 

eV dvpoii (piXfOV 8ovpiKTT]TTjv irep iovaav. 
vvv 8' eirel €K ;^etpwi' yepas eiXero Kal p, aTrdrrjaeu, 
pi] p(v TTeipdro) iv elSoros' oij8e pe Trettrei. 
d\X' 'o8v(Tev (Tvv (Toi t{ kol aXXoitriv /3ao"iXe€crti/ 
<ppa^ea6a> vrjecrcriv dXe^epevai 8r]'iov nvp. 40 

7 pev 8r] pdXa ttoXXcx TTOvqcraro v6(T(f)iv ipeio, 
Koi 8f) Tflx^os eSetjue, koi ^Xacre rdippov eV avra 
(vpe'iav peydX-qv, iv 8f crKoXonag KareTrrj^ev' 
nXX' ovS" a>s 8vvaTai adepos "EKTopos di>8pncf}6voi.o 
'iCT)(^eiv. "Ocfipa 8" iyo) per 'AxaLo7(nv TvoXepi^ov, 45 

ovK tdfXearKf pdxTJv dno T6t;^eoff opvvpev "EKTwp, 
dXX' ocrov es Sicaids re TrvXas (cat (j^rjyov iKaveV 
fvda TTOT oiov i'pipvf, poyis 8e pev €K(pvy€V 6ppi]v. 
vvv 8', eVei ouK edeXco noXepi^e'pev'EKTOpi 8ta), 

C 2 

30 HOMER. 

avpiov tpa All pe^as Koi nacri Beoicnv, 50 

vrji]<Tns ev i'i]as, fTrfjv aXa8e Trpoepvaaco, 
o\/reai, ^i' edi'Xrjdda Ka\ ai Kev rot ra fifprjXTj, 
i]pi /iaX' 'EWi^mrovTov in txdvoevra TrXfoiJcra? 
vjjas (pas, ev S" ilvSpas ipeuaepevai pepacoras' 
et 8e K(v fVTr\oit]v Scurj kXvtos Evuoalyaias, 55 

■fjpaTL Ke TpiTura ^dirjv ep'i^cokov iKoipTjv. 
eoTt Se poi puka ttoXXq, to koXXittov ev6u8e eppcju' 
oXXof 8' fvQivhe )(pv(Tov Koi xc^kov f'pvdpuv 
»;8e yvvaiKas eiifwi/ovs ttoXiov re tridrjpou 

a^opai, aa<T eXaxov ye' yepas 8e poi, os nep e8coKei>, 60 
avTts (CJiv[3pt^MU eXero Kpeiutv 'Ayr.pepvoou 
ATpfidrjs' rw nuvT ayopevepev, ws eTTtreXXo), 
apcpadov, o(f)pa Koi a'XXot eincrKv^uivTai 'A;^atoi, 
et Tiva TTOV Aavaav en eXTrerai e^anaTijaeii/ 
alep dvaideirjv enieipevos' oiS' av epoiye 65 

TerXair) Kvveos rrep ea>v els a>7ra ibeuOai. 
ovSe Ti oi jSovXas avp(f)p(ia(Topai, ov8e pev epyov' 
e/c yap 017 /n uTtarrjCTe Kai TjAiTfV ovo av er uvtis 
e^andcjwir' entecrcTiu' aXis 8e ol' dXXa eKrjXos 
(pptTU)' fK yap eii (pptvas eiXero prjTiera Zevs. 70 

ex^pa. 8e poi tov 8copn, Tia 8e piv ev Kapos a'lCTj. 
ov8 ei poi 8eKUKis re Ka\ elKoauKis roaa 8oir] 
o(T(ra re oi vvv eijTi, Ka\ e'i noQev uXXa ycvoiTO, 
ov8 oa es 'Opxopevov TToTivlrraeTai, ov8' ocra Qrj^as 
AiyvTTTias, 061 TrXetora 86pois ev KTTjpara Kelrai, 75 

ai ff (KaTopTTvXoL elcri, 8itjk<')(tioi S' dv eKuaTas 
dvepes e^oixveiicri crvv imroicriv Kal oxeo'CpiV 
uv8 ei poi roVa 8011] oaa yj/dpados re kovis re, 

ILIAD. 31- 

ovSe Kiv lis tri Bv/iov ffiov TvelafC 'Aya/xe'^vwi', 
■npiv y' aiTO wacrav e/Lioi 86fxfvai Ov/iaXyea Xoi^rjv. 80 

Kovprjv 6' 01) yafMeoi Ayaixijivovos 'Arpfidao, 
ov8 el ■)(^pv(Te'ir) A(f)po8[r>] kuXXos epi^oi, 
tpya 8 A6)]vaii] yXavKamSi laotpapi^of 
ov8f p.iv hs yapea' 6 S' 'A)(ai(ov liXXov eXeaOco, 
Of Tis ol T eTTeoLKe Ktu OS ^acTiXevTepos ecrrip, 85 

7]v yap 8i] pe (rdoxrt Otol Koi oiVaS' t«co/.tot, 
UrjXfvs 6rjv poi eneira yvvaiKa. ye pdcraerai avro^. 
noXXal 'A)(nu8es elaiv du 'EXXaSa re ^$ir]v je, 
Koiipai dpL(TTr]U)V, 01 Te TTToX'iedpa pvovraC 
rdatv 7]u k eBeXaipi, (plXrjv jrou'jaop' aKOLTtv, ^o 

evda be poi paXa noXXov errecrcrvTO Ovpos dyrjucop 
yrjpavTi pvrjaTfju aXo^ov, eiicvlav aKoiriP, 
KTi'jpaai repTTeadai ra yipoiv eKrrjcraTO JJrjXevs. 
oil yap epol yj/v^^tjs dvrd^iov oi'S' ocra (j)a(ni/ 
iXiov eKTijadat,, ev vawpevov TTToXUdpov, 05 

TO 7rp\v (TT elpi]vr]s, irplv eX6e1v vlas 'A)(aia>v, 
ov8 ocra Xd'ivos ovSus dcfiijropoi eVroy eepyei, 
^oi^ov A7roXXa)2'or, Ilvdol evi irerprjea-aj]. 
Xrj'iarol pev yap re (Soes Ka\ 'Icpia prjXa, 

KTT]To\ be rpiTToSes re Ka\ imrav ^avda Kaprjva' loc 

dv8p6i be ^/'ll;^I7 ituXlv eXdelv ovre Xe'iarrj 
ov6 iXerf], enel ap Kev dpeiylrerai epKos obovraiv. 
prjTrjp yap re pe (^rjiTL 6ea, Qeris dpyvpone^a. 
8i)(0a8ias Krjpai cj^pepev Bavdroio TeXocrbe. 
ft pev K avdi pevcov Tpdooov ttoXiv dpcpipd^copai, loc; 

(oXeTO pev poL voaros, drap KXeos acpBiTov ecrraL' 
tl 8e Kev o'lKaS" "iKapi (jiiXTjv e? naTpidn yalav^ 

22 HOMER. 

oiKiTo fioi xXfOf ea6\6v, eVt 8r]pbv 8e fjioi alcov 
\f(T(T(Ta(., ouSe Ke fi S)Ka Tf'Xos davaroio KixeirjA 
Kai 8 au Tois aXXoicnv eyo) TTapafxvdrjauifirjv i lo 

oiKaS" dTTonXeietv, eVfl ovKeri Bijere TeKpcop 
iXi'ou alireivijs' fiaXa yap idev evpvojra Zfvs 
;(elpa ifjv vnfpeax^, TeBapariKaai fie Xaoi. 
dXX' Ipe'is pev loin-fs apiaTTjeaaiv ^Axaicou 
dyyeKirju an6({)a(T6e — to yap yepas iarl yepovToiv — , 115 
o(f)p nXXrjv (ppd(a>VTai €v\ (j>peai p^riv dpflvoy, 
7] Ke a(f)tv vrjds re crdrj Ka) Xaov Axniwv 
vr]V(r\i> em y\a(j)vpr)^, iiru ov acpKriv TJ8e y eroipj], 
ffv vvv i<Ppd(jaavTO, epev dnoprjviaavTos. 

[ix. 308-426.] 


In vain Phoenix warns hi?n of Ate, the avenger of slighted 


'aXX' 'A;(t\fi} 8dpa(TUV Qvpbv peyav' ov8e ri ae XPl 

injXfes ^Top ex^'"' o'TpeTTToi 8e re Ka\ 6eo\ avTol, 

TO)V TTtp KM pei^cov dperr) Tipij re /St'?/ re. 

Ka\ piv Tovs Bveeacri /cat evxoiXfis dyavrjaiv 

XoL^li re Kvlaij re TrapaTpaTraxr av6pu>Tvoi 5 

Xicradpevoi, ore Kiv tis inrep^rjTj Ka\ dpaprrj. 

Ka\ yap re Airai etcrt Aios Kovpai peydXoto, 

;^(aXat re pvcral re Trnpa/SXcoTres r d<p6u\p6i, 

di pa re Ka\ pfronidB' "Attjs uXtyovcri Kiovaai, 

f) 8' "Attj (rdffapr] re Kal dpriTTos, ovveKa ndaas 10 

TToXXof I'TveKnpoBefi, (f)6dvei, 6e re ndaav eV aiav 

ILIAD. 23 

/SAaTTToiia- dvdpaTTOvs' at S' f^uKeovrai onLcrcra). 

OS fJLfv T alSeafrat Kovpas Aios acrcrov lovcras, 

Tov 8e (liy a)vr)(Tav Kai r' €kXvou fv^afjifvoio' 

OS Se K avr]VT]Tai kul re (TTepeds dnoeiTTrj, I5 

XlcrcrovTai b apa rai ye Ai'a Kpovicova Kiovaai 

TM "Arrjv ap,' eTreadai, iva ^\a(pd{ls dnoTiaj]. 

aX\ A)(ikev nope Koi (tv Aios Kovprjaiv eneadai 

Tip-qv, r] T uWav nep fniyvdpTTTei voov icrSKSyv. 

[ix. 496-514.] 


The fifth day they fought by the rampart of the ships till, as 
the sun grew high, Agame/nnon drove the Trojans flying 
to their walls again. But when Agamemnon went wou)ided 
from the field Zeus turned the day once more ; and, their best 
chiefs wounded, and Hector thundering upon their ranks, the 
Greeks gave way. Ajax alone covers their flight. 

Zeis 8e irarrip A'lavff v^j/i^vyos ev (po^ov copcrev, 
cTTi] be Ta(f)a)v, oinBev 8e (tukos pukev enTa^oeiov, 
Tpecrae 8e TraTTTrjvas e(}>' oplXov, 6r]p\ ioiKOis, 
evrponaXi^ofievos, oXiyov yuvv yovvos dpei^cov. 
as B ai6(ova Xeovra ^ocbv ano peatravXaio 5 

eaaevavTO Kvves re Koi dvipes dypoiarai, 
01 re piv ovK elcocn ^oa)V eK Trlap eXeadai 
ndvvvxoi ('ypT]acropTes' 6 be KpeiSov epari^wv 
I6vei, dXy ov Ti TTprjacrei' Bapees yap aKovres 
dvTiov diaaovcri Bpacreidav otto ■)(eipcov, 10 

Kaiopevai re Serai, tus re rpel ecravpevos nep' 
r](i)dev b' dirovoacpLV e^q TeTirjori Bvpoi' 
d)s Aias TOT dno Tpoioov TeriTjpevos rjTop 

24 HOMER. 

Tjlfj TrdXX deKccv' Trepl yap 8U VT]va\v 'Aji^atciu/. 

wr 8 OT ovos Trap apovpau l^v ((iirjcraTo iraldas i ;; 

vcoofji, CO 8fj TToXXa Trept panciy a/i(/)ts eay?, 

Kfipfi T flcrfXBiov ^adii Xrj'iov' (,i 8e re Tratfiey 

TV7rT0V0"ll' pOTTokoKTL' /3t7J 6« TC VTjTTir] avTwv' 

<nrov8fi r i^rjXaaaav, eVet t eKopfaaaro (pop^^s' 
Zis TOT eneiT A'iavTa fieyav, TtXapaiviov viou, 30 

Tpwi inepdvpoi iroKvqyfpees t iniKOvpoi 
wcraovres ^varoiai piicrov auKus aUp enovTO. 
Aias 8 f'lWoTf pev pvrjordcrKeTO 6ovpi8os dXKr)s 
avTis vTro(TTp{(p6()s, Koi iprjTvaaiTKe (jyuXayyas 
Tpauv tTTTTo^iupbiV oTe 8e TpanrdcTKiTo (pevyecp. 2:; 

[xi. 544-574.] 


From the rampart of the ships they renewed the fght. and 
the viissiles flew like flakes of snow. 

Tuiv 8 , us Tf vi(pd8es ;^tofos tvitctoxti dapeiai 

fjaiiTi. )(€ipfpia>j oT€ T a>p(TO prjTUTa Zfvs 

vi<p(p€v, dvdpanroiai TTirpavcTKopevos to. a K^Xa' 

KOLprjaas 8 dvepovs X^'" fpnfdov, o<ppa KaXv'^rj 

vyf^rfXcov opeav KopvfPas Kai npaovas uKpovs k, 

Kai TTfOia XcoToiivra Kai avBpcov niova (pya, 

Kai T ((f) dXos TToXiijs K()(VTai Xiptcriv re Ka\ uktu'is — 

Kvpa 8i p,iv TTpocrirXu^ov epvKeTai — aXXa re 7rai/ra 

(iXvaTni KadiiTTfpff, or' fTridpurrj Alos opIBpos' 

ojf To}v ap<poTfpct)(T€ Xidoi 7TCOTWVTO 6ap(ia\, ro 

at pfv np is Tpoias, ai 8' eV Tpuou is ^Axaioiis, 

^uXXoptpoiV TO 8i Tf7)(os VTTfp nap 8ov7ros opotpd. 

[xii. 278-289.] 



Already Hector and Sarpedon had forced the ivall : but 
Poseidon by stealth restored the battle ; and as Zeus slept by 
Here's stratagem, Ajax struck down Hector with a stone. 
But Zeus, azvaked at last, renews Hector'' s prowess and the 
Greeks^ confusion. 

'Qy S' ore Tty (ttutos imroi, aKocrTrjrras err). (PaTinj, 

fiecr/iof arropprj^as deitj nt^ioio Kpoaivcov, 

elaiSais Xovecrdai ei'ppeioy norap-olo, 

Kv8i6(i)v' iyj/ov Se Kuprj i'xfi, dp(j)). Be -x^aiTai 

aifiois di(T(rovTaL' 6 6' d-yXairjcpt Trfnoidas, 5 

pip(})a € yovva (pepei p.€Ta. t fjdea Koi vopov nrnav' 

S>S "EKTwp Xaiyp'ripa Tro'Sa? koi yovvar ivwpa 

orpvveov JTrTr^ay, fVei Beov eKXvev avbrjv. 

01 , (OS T Tj €Aa(pov Kepaoi' i] uypLOV aiya 

ecraevavTO Kvpei re koi avepes aypoiwrai' 10 

rov pfv T T]\il3aT0i Trirprj /cm Satr/cioy vKr] 

flpiKTOT, ov8^ apa T( cr(pi. Ki)(i]pevm a'laipov ^ev' 

t5>v be 6' vTTo ta)(TJs i(puvT] Xis rjvyevfios 

fls oSov, alyj/a 8e Travras diTeTpawe koi pep-aajras' 

0)5 Aavaoi ficos pev opiKaSop atev enovTo, ' 15 

vvcrarovTfS ^icfxaiv re kui eyxtaiv dp(f)Lyvoi(riv' 

avrap eVei 'l8ou "EKTOp" eTroi)(6p(vov arix^as dvhpoiV, 

rap^rjcrav, iracriv 8e TTapal ttoo"! Kamrecre 6vp6s. 

[xv. 263-2S0.] 

2.6 HOMER. 


Hector was lord of the field, for Zeus with his own hand 
urged him on, and Agamemnon, Odysseus, and Dioyned lay 
wounded by their tents. But when fire was already at the 
ships, Achilles lent Patroclus, his friend, the divine armour 
and immortal horses, attd the Trojans fled before him. Only 
Sarpedon, Zeus' son, withstood him and fell. The twin 
brethren Sleep and Death bear the tall body to its home. 

Kai TOT 'ATToAAwi/a Trpo(ri(j)r] vecpeXrjyepeTa Zeus' 

" fl 8' aye vvv, <^tXe 4>0(/3f, Ke\aivf(pes aifj.a Ka.0T)pov 

fXdo)v eK (B(\f(ov 2ap7TTj86va, Kai p.iv eireiTa 

■jvoWov cnronpo <^epa>v Xovcrov noTapioio pofjciv 

\p'i(T6v T apfipocrir], nepl 8 afijipoTa eip-OTa eaaov, 5 

TTep-Tre 8t piv rrop-Tiolcnv afia KpaiTrvoiai cf)ep€a6ai, 

'Ytti/w (cai Qavaro), 01 pa piv SiKa 

6i]crovcr eV Avkit]s evpeirjs tt'iovl br]p.u>, 

evda i Tapx^orovai Kaaiyvr^Toi. re eVat re 

TvpilHo} T€ (TTTjKr] re* TO yap ye pas e'crri davovTiov. ' 10 

'Qs e(\>aT , ov6' apa TruTpbs dvr]Kov(TTr](Tev 'AttoXXodi'. 
firj 8t kut' 'l8aia)v opij^v es (pvKoTTiv alvfjv, 
avTiKa S' en ^eXecov ^apTTTjbova blov deipas, 
TToXXcii' dnoTTpf) (})epa)v, Xovaev •norap.oio pojjfTiv 
Xplo'tP T dp.j3poaiTj, irepi 8 ap^poTa eipara eaaev, 15 

■nepne 8e piv TvopTvoiaiv apa Kpainvoiai (fyepeadai, 
Yttvo) KOI OavuTca 8i8vpAocriv, ot pa piv 6)Ka 
KuTdfaav (V Avk[t]s fvpetrjs niovt Stj/iim. 

[xvi. 666-683.] 



Patrochis in luniyfollouimg further than Zeus had granted 
to him to succeed, Apollo disarmed, Euphorbus wounded, and 
Hector slew. The immortal horses weep for him. 

Qy 01 fiev fidpvavTO, ai8rjpeios S' opvfiaydos 
Xa^Kfov ovpavbv lkc 8i aWepos drpvyeToio' 
imroi B AiaKidao p^d^rji dndvevdev eovres 
KXaiov, eVei 8t] Trpcora nvdefrdrjv fjvi6)(oio 
iv Kovirjcri TTfcrovTos v(^ EKTopos dv8po(p6i'oio. 5 

rj fidv AvTop,e8a)v Aicipeos oKKifjios vlos 
iroWa fiev ap p.d(TTiyi Bofj€TO deivcov, 
TToXXa Se neikixtoKTi TrpoarjvBa, iroXka S' dpeirj' 
TO) S OUT ayJA eVt v?]as eVi Tr\aTVP 'EW^uttovtov 
ijdeXeTTjv Uvai ovr es noKepov per 'A^^atovs, 10 

dXX' (OS re arrjkr} pevei (p.nebov, rj t eVt Tvp^co 
dvepos €(TTi]Kj] TedvTjoTos !]€ yvvaiKos, 
a)f fievov d(7(f)a\ea)s nepiKaXXea bi(^pov e^ovrfs, 
ov8ei eviaKipyj/avTe Kaprjara. Sa/cpva 8e (r(ptv 
depfia Kara ^Xf(})dpu>v )(apd8is pee fivpopivoKTiv 15 

rjvioxoio nodco' duXepr] d' epuaiveTO x^^'^'l 
^(vyXrjs i^ipmovcra napa ^vyov dp(poTepa>6ei'. 
pvpopevco 6' apa tu> ye Ibutv fXerjae KpoiiuoJ', 
KivTjcras 8e Kdprj Trporl ov pv6i]craT0 dvfxov' 
" a SetXw, Ti (T^at'i hopev n»jX^t avuKTi 20 

duTjTciy vpfls S' icTTov dyrjpo) t ddavdro) re. 
rj tva 8v(XTrjvoc(7i per' dvbpdcTiv aXye' e'xfJTOv J 

28 HOMER. 

oil \ yap tl ttov iariv oi^vpartpov avhpoi 

TTcivTdiv, oaaa rf yaiav eiri nvtlfi re Koi epnei. 

[xvii. 424-447.] 


Ai ratfoclus death, grief for the friend whom he heul sent 
to fight in his stead and to fall, drove out the anger from 
Achilles'' heart. In vain Thetis warns him of his own death 
that must follow Hector s. The counsel of Zeus is fulfilled, 
and the fate of Troy once more proceeds. 

*£l^ 01 ftev fidpvavTO defias TTvpos aWop.ivQio, 

'AvtiXoxos 6' 'Axi\i]'i TroSaj Ta)(vs (iyyeXos rjXBev. 

Tov fi' (vpe Trpoirapoide veav opdoKpaipacov, 

Tu cjipovfovT dvci a 8t] reTfXecrneva tjeV 

6\6r](Tas 8' (ipa eiVe Trpoy ov fieyaXrjTopa 6vp6v 5 

" u) poi fyu>, Tl T ap avT€ KaprjKopuuiVTfs A;(nioi 

vrjualv eTTt Kkovfourai aTv^upevoi Trebioio \ 

firf Bf) /zot TeXe'crcotri 6eoi KaKci KT]8ea dvpSj 

U3S TTOTe fj-oi p-TjTrjp Bifnecppabe, kcil poi i'enrev 

Mvpiiiboucov TOV lipia-TOV en ^oyovros e'/xeto 7 

XfpfTiv vTTo Tpaxov Xe i\f/ fiv (})aos r]e\ioio. 

1] jxaKa hi] TedvrjKf MfvoiTiov ciXKipos vios, 

(T)(^t\ios' rj T (KeXfvov dna)crap,evov Brfiov TTvp 

uy\r (tt\ vrjas 'ipfv, pr]K "EKTopi i(f)i paxfirdai. 

EIos 6 Tav6' (oppaive Kara (j)peva Koi kutu 6vp6v, 15 
Tof})pa ul ey-yu^ef rjXdev uyavov Ntaropos xnos, 
baKpva 6(pp.a x*'^", ^>aTO 8' dyyiXiriv ak(y(ivr]v' 
" to fjLOi. llr]Xios vie batcppovos, rj jxaXa Xvyprjs 

ILIAD. 39 

icfiTai naTpoKXos, veKvos Se 8i) ufxcfufxa^ourai 20 

yvfjivoii' wrap ra y( rev^e' ^X^'' KopvdaioXos ^E/crcop." 
Qs (paTO, Tuv b a)(eos vecfjeXt] eKdXv\//e peXaiva. 
dp(f)OTfprjat 8e ;^fpo"ti' eAcoi' koviv aWaXoeacrav 
XeuaTo KUK KeipaXTJs, ;^apt'ei' 8' rjcrxvve npocrcoTToi/' 
v(KTapf(a 8e xiTavL pLeXutv' up.(f)i^ave T€0p7;. 25 

aiiTos 8' eV Kovirjai fiiym peyaXaxTrl ravvaBfls 
KeiTo, (piXijai Se X^P""* i^^P'fjv jiaxvve Sat^coi/. 
dpcoat S*, <is A;!^iXfvs X>;i(7fTaro UdrpoKXus rf, 
dvpuv aKfj^ep-ffai fieydX' "aixov, eK de 6vpa^e 
edpajMOv d/x^' 'AxtXrja 8ai(j)poi'a, ;^epo-i Se Ttaaai 30 

arqdfa TTfnXrjyovro, Xv6ev 6 utto yvia eKdaTTjs, 
'AvTiXoxos S' irepoodev obvpero daKpva Xei^cov, 
X^^pai €x<>>v 'AxiXi^jOS' 6 S' eareve KvBdXipov Ktjp' 
Sfi'Sie yap pr) Xatpou UTrorpij^fte aibtjpoi. 

(rpepdaXeov S' wpco^ev' aKovcre 8e noTPia prjTTjp 35 

j'lpevr] iv ^evdeaaiv dXos napd narpl yepovri, 
KbiKvaev T ap eTTfira' 6e(u Se piv dp(pay€povTO, 
irdcrai ocrai Kara ^ev6os dXos N7;prjiSe? fjirav. 
[evff ap* fT]v TXaiiKr) re QdXeid re KvpodoKi] re, 
"SrjcraiT) ^neta re Qor] 6 ' AX'lt] re ^oums, ^o 

KvpodoT] re koi 'AKrairj kul Aipvojpeia 
Ka\ MeXlrr] koi' latpa kch 'Ap<pid6)] Ka\ 'Ayavrj, 
Atoro) re ITpiuTa) re <bipovad re Avvapevrj re, 
Ae^apfVT] re Kal 'Ap(pu'dpr] koi KaXXidveipu, 
Aapls Ka\ Tlavoin] Kal dyaKXeiTrj FaXdretc, 45 

Nrjpeprjys re Kal 'A\j/ev8r]s Koi KaXXidi>aa(ra' 
evda 8' erjv KXvpevr] ^Idvdpd re Ka\ ^Idvacraa, 

30 HOMER. 

MaTpa Kai 'Qpddvia evTj-XoKafxos t 'Afiddeia 

aWat 6' at Kara ^ep6os aXos 'NrjpTjiSfs rjaav.j 

TOiv fie KOI upyv(f)eop 77Xf)ro anfos' al 6 dpa iracrai 50 

(TTi]6ea ri(7T\r]ynvTo, Qtrii S i^rip-^e yooio' 

" Kkvre, Kaaiyvr^rai Nr;prjiSe?, o^p iv Traaai 

fiSer aKovovaai ocr epco k'vi Krjdea dvpco. 

io fioi eycb 8etXij, a> pni dvcrapicTTOTOKeia, 

ij T enel tip T€Kov vlov dpvpovd re Kparepov re, 55 

(^oxov Tjpaxov' 6 b dvedpapev epve'i iaos' 

Tov pev iyo) dpiy^aaa, (^vrov wy yovvui aXw^s, 

vr]v<T\v ennTpoirjKa Kopcomaiv' iXioi> eicrco 

Tpaxrl pn^rjcropevov' tov S' 011;^ vnode^opai aiiTts 

oiKoSe voaTi](ravTa, topov UrfKrj'iov eltro). 60 

o(f)pa Se pot ^u)6t Koi Spa (f)dos rjeXioio, 

a^vvrai, ov8e ri ol Siivapac j^paicrpriaaL lovcra. 

dXX' fi'/i', o(l)pa I'Sw/xt (fyiXov t€kos, i]8' eTraKovcra 

OTTL piv iKfTo nevdos dno irToXipoio pevovra. 

Sis apa <pa>vf]aaaa XiVe aneos' al 8e avv aiiTrj 65 

SaKpvoeaaai 'iaav, TTepl 8e affiicn Kvpa daXdcrcrrji 
pijyvvTO. Ta\ d' ore fi?) Tpolrjv (pijicaXov ikovtq, 
UKTrjV flaave^aivov eVtcr^^f/ja), i'vda 6apeia\ 
Mvppitovoov e'lpvvTO vies ra^iip dp(f) AxiXrja. 
TW fie ^api) <TTevd)(ovTi Trapia-raTO TTori'ia prirrjp, 70 

o^v fie KcoKvaaaa Kdprj Xd^e Traifios e^of, 
Ka\ p 6Xo(j)vpopevri enea iTTepofin-a Trpoarjvda' 
" TfKuov, TL kXuUis ] Ti fie' <T€ (jypfvas iKfTO TTevBos ; 
e^avda, prj KevOf' rd pkv hrj roi TfreXtcrTai 
(K Alos, <wr (ipa 8!} irpiv y (v^eo ;(elp(is ai/fi(r;(co«/, 75 

TavTas eVi npCpprjcriv dXrjpevai vias Axoto)V 

ILIAD. 31 

XTiv (TTiBevofXivovs, Tradedv r aeKrjXia fpya. 

Tr/v 8e ^apv arevaxo^v npoafiprj n68as utKVS 'A;ciXXfi'f' 
" fiTjTfp efxf], TCI piv lip poL ^OXvpwios f^{Te\ea-(Tfv' 
nXXa Ti pot TOiP ^dos, eVei (plXos a>\e6 fralpos 80 

UdrpoKXos, Tov eyw Trepi TvavTutv riov eTaipav, 
icrov ipii Ke<paXfj' tov dnoiKicra, Ttv^ea o EKTap 
Srjcoaas dnedvae TreXwpia, Oavpa IBeadai, 
Kokd' ra peu EtT/Xiji' Geol 86aau dyXaa bSypa, 
rjpari too ore ere fipoTOV dvepos ep^a\ov (vvrj. 85 

aW o(f)eX(s (TV peu avdi peT ddavuTrjs aXiT](riv 
vaifiv, I1t]\€vs 8e din]TT]V dyayeadai, ukoitiv. 
vvv 8' — tva Koi (To) TTevSos evl (f)p(a\ pvp'iov firj 
7rai8os dno^pdipevoio, tov ov)( vnode^eai avTis 
olKa8e vocTTTjcravT , iiTfi ov8' epe Bvpos avayev 90 

^(oeiv ovS' av8pe(T(ji peT€p.pfvai, a'i Ke pf] EKTtop 
TvpwTos ip<o VIVO hovp\ Tvireis airo 6vpov okicrcrr), 
IlaTpoKkoio S' eXapa MfPOiTidbeco diroTia-rj." 

Toi/ S' avTe TrpocreeiTre Gerty kutci duKpv )(fov(Ta' 
" uKvpopos 8r) poi, TeKos, eaaeai, oV dyopeveis' 95 

avTLKa ydp toi i'neiTa ped "'E.KTOpa TvoTpos erolpos. 

Trjv Se pey oxBrjaas npoaecprj ttoSos ukvs 'A;^tXXei's" 
" avTiKa Tfdvalrjv, eTret ovk cip epeWov tTalpca 
KTfivopivca inap-vvni.' 6 peu pdXa TrjXooi TrarpTjy 
e(f)6iT, epelo Be brjaeu dprjs dXKTrjpa yeviaSai. 100 

vvv 8', fTTel OV viopai ye (fjiXrjv is Trarpi'Sa yolav, 
ovSe Ti UarpoKXa yevoprjv ({)dos, ov8' erdpoKTiv 
to'ls oKXois, OL 81) TvoXees 8dpev'EKTopt 8ico, 
dXX" rjpat irapa vrjva\v eTusaiov a^dos dpovpr^i, 
To'ios eo)V oios ov ris A^^at&ii' p^aXKo^^trwi/wj/ 105 

I In 

32 HOMER.' 

eV TToXe/iW- ayopii Se t iineivoves eiVt /fat aXXot' 

ws epis 6K T€ 6eoiV fK T av9pcoTT(ov tXTToXotTO, 

KOI xo^os'. Of t' e(|)e'77Ke -rroXiiCppovd nep xa>^f^nvai, 

OS T« TToXii -yXu/cicoi^ /xtXiros KaToKfijiopeuoio 

av^pSiv (V arfidfaaiv di^erai ^vre Kanvos' no 

ws (>£ vuj/ ix^\(i)(Tev dva^ dvhpwv '>v. 

dXXd Ta p.€v TTpoTerCx^ai iaaop.ev dxvvpevoi irep, 

dvpov fv\ (TT^df(T(Ti c})i\ov 8ap.acravTes dvdyKT)' 

vvv 8' dp:, o4>pa (pikr^s Ke<f)a\?is oXerTipa Kixeio 

'EKTopa- Krpa 8' eyco t'te di^ofiai, onnoTe Kev tfj 

Zevs e'^eXr; rtXeaai rjS' ddnvaroi deol aXXoi. 

ovbe yap ovbe ^irj 'HpaK^os (fyvye K?ipa, 

Si ntp (^iXrarof eVice Aa Kpoviuivi uvaKTf 

dWd i poip ebdpaa-ae Kat dpyaXiOS X"^of "Upris. 

2)f Kai (ywvi d 817 poi ofiolr) p.o'ipa rkrvKTai, 

Keiaop!, imi Kf Bdvco. v'vu be /cXeos ia6\6p dpolprjv 

Kai Tiva Tpaidhov km Aapbavi?)a)v ^advKokTTav, 

dp.(i>OTepr](nv Xfp«^' i:apiid<x>v dnaXdav 

boKpv opop^aphriv, dbivov arovaxn'^ai. i^tflr^V 

yvouv S" 6)f 8^ hP'^v h^ Tro\epoio Tvinavpai. i 25 

unSe / epvKf pdxvs (pt'Xeovad irtp- ohhe pe Trelaeis." 

[xviii. 1-126.] 


Firs/ standing on the wall unarmed, by the mere terror 0/ 
his voice and form he scares the Trojans from the body of his 

Airap 'AxtXXtvs Sipro Stt'c^iXos' dp4>\ S' 'A6i]vrj 
ipois l<t>eipLOiai ^fiV alyiba ev(Taav6eaaap, 


ILIAD. 33 

d/i0i Se ol Ke(j)ai\^ veCJ)os eore^e 8la dedav 
Xpvcreov, ex S' avroC Sale <p\6ya nciiJ.(pav6(t}(Tav. 
a)S S' ore KaTTVus loov e^ aareos al6ep iKTjTai, 5 

rrjXodev (K vrjaov, rrjv dfj'ioi. d/i0i/:i(i;^wfTat, 
01 re Travrjpepioi crrvyepw KpLvovrai. Aprj'i 
aaxfos eK (T(p€Tepov' apa 6' T]eXi<o KarabvuTi 
TTVpa-o'i TS (f)Xeyi6ovcnv enTjTpipoi, v\\ru<je ^ avy>] 
yiyvfTai dtaaovaa, nepiKTiovecraiv IhtcrOai, 10 

at K(v TTws (Tvv vrjvaLV dpris aXKTrjpts iKoovrai' 
a)s an 'AxiXXijos Ke^aX^s <xe\as al6ip iKavev. 
(TT?) 8' €771 rdcPpov lu)V uno rdxeos, ov8 es Ax^i^ovs 
picryero' prjTpos yap itvkivtjv umi^eT ecperprjv. 
'ivQa crras rjva , aTrdrepde Se HaWds \\d!]vr] 15 

(pBty^aT' drdp Tpaeaaiv iv acmeTov copae KvBoipoi'. 
los 8' OT api^i']\r] (jiavT], ore r taxe adXniy^ 
ticTTV TTeprnKopeviov hr]Lu>v vtto OvpopaiaTfcof, 
a)s TOT^ dpi^y'jkri (poovrj yever AlaKiSao. 

ol S' ci)j ovv aiov ona xdXKeov AiaKidao, 20 

TrdtTiv 6piv6r] 6vp6s. drap KaXkirpix^s irnroi 
d\lr oxea Tponeov' oaaovro yap aXyea dvpa. 
fjvioxoi S' eKTrXrjyev, iTTfl 't8ov aKdparov irvp 
8eiv6i> vvep Ke(j)a\iis peyaBvpov Hrjkeioivos 
Suiopevov' TO fie Sate Bed yXavKanis Adrjvrj. 25 

Tp'is ptv virep rdcppov peydX' taxe 8ios 'Ax^XXevs, 
Tpls fie KVKT)6i]aav Tpcoes KXeirol t iTTiKOvpui. 
evda fie Ka\ tot oXovto Si;wSeKa <f)ci)T(s apicTTOi 
dp(jil a(po'is 6xie(T0i. koI eyxeo'tv. avrdp Axaiol 
da-na(Ti03i HdrpoKXav inreK ^eXecov ipva-avTes 7,0 

KuTdeaav eV Xexeecro-i* ^t'Xot fi' dp(j)i(XTav eToipoi 


34 HOMER. 

fivpofJLevoi' fxera 5e a(f)i iToSa>KT]s (Itt(t 'A)(iWevs 

baKpva OepfMu X^'^'^y f'^*' flai^e tthttov iraLpov 

Kflfievou iv (jyeprpcp, Sedaiypevov o^ei ;(aXKc5. 

Toi/ p Tj Toi peu eTTepne avv imroicnv Km oxf<J'4>i-v 35 

€? TVoXepoVy ov8 avrii e'Se^aro vo(TTT](ravTa. 

HeXiov S' d/fapavrn ^oQittis ttotvui "Hprj 
nipyJAev en 'QKeavoio poas dfKovra veeadai. 
r]e\ios pei> edv, navcravTO Se blot 'A;^aioi 

(^vXoTrtSoy KpaTfpfjs /cat opouov TToXepoio. ^o 

[xviii. 203-242.] 


Thefts visits Hephaeshis, and procures from hivi new armour 
for Achilles. The shield is described. 

Qs 01 pev ToiavTa npos aWrfKovs ayopevoV 
}i(paifTTOV 8' iKavf bupov GeVts apyvponf^a 
a<f)0iTov daTepufPTOj peranpfne ddapuTOtcriv, 
xd^Kfov, Of /j' avTos Troirjaaro KvXKoTro8ia>v. 
Tov b flip' IbpaovTa fXiaaopefov Trepl (f)vcras, 5 

CTTrfv^ovTa' Tpiirohas yap ieiKocn Ttavrai eTtv^fv 
((TTapevai nfp\ toIxov evaradeos peyc'ipoio, 
Xpv(rea 8e (t(J) vtto KVKKa eKucrroi TTvdpevi OiJKev, 
o(}}pa ot avToparoi dfiov dvaaiar dyava 

7)8' avrii irph's 8u>pa veoiaro, duvpa Ibeadai. 10 

01 8 rj TOL Toaaov ptv e^ov reXos, ovara 8' ov nco 
8ai8d\ta npoaeKeiTO' rd p rjprve, Konre 8e beupovs. 
ocpp o ye TavT fTrovflro l8vLr}(Ti npanihiCTUiv, 
T6(Ppa 01 e'yyv^ei/ fjXde Sea Qeris dpyvpowi^u. 
Ttiv 8e tSe TTpopoXovcra Xupn XmapoKprj^fpvos 15 

ILIAD. 35 

KoKt], rrjv coTTvif TifpiKXvTos afi:f)iyvrj(is' 

(V T cipa ol (pi) x^'P' enos t ((par (K t uvrifia^ev' 

" TiTTTf, Gen ravvneTT^e , iKc'weis rjfierepov fiw 

alhoiT) T( (piXr] re ; Trdpos ye /uei/ ov ti 6ap.i^(i.s. 

«XX' eTTfo TrpoTtpco, iva rot Trap ^dvia 6(1(0. 20 

fly npa (pwi'Tjcraaa npocrd) aye 8ta dfdcov. 
rrjv p.iv (TTSLTa Kade'iaeu eVt 6p6vov dpyvporjXov 
KoKov SatSaXe'ov" iino Se 6prjvvs ttoctIv ^(v' 
KfKXero 6* li(f)ai(TTov KKvTOTe)(yr]v eirre re p.v6ov' 
""Hc^ntore, 7rpo/ioX' wSe' QeVis vu ri treio ^'^'''''C^'- '5 

TT]v 8' r]p.€i^fr eneira TtepiKXvTos dfx(piyvrjeis' 
" T) pd vv fxot beivi] re Koi aidoir] ^fos 'ivhov, 
7] p.' e'crdojcr', ore /x' liXyns dcpiKtro TrjXe Treaovra 
p.r]Tpoi e'/x^y tdr/yrt (cvi/coTriSoy, 17 /u, fdeXijcrfV 
Kpvyj^ai )(<i)X6v iovra' tot av nddov aXyea 6vp.u>, 30 

fi pt] pL TS.vpvvop.T] T€ Qeris 6 virede^aTo /coXttm, 
'Evpvvop.r], dvydrrjp a^^oppoov 'nKeavoio. 
T^(Ti Trap' flvderes )(dXKevov 8aidaXa noXXa, 
iTopTTas re yvap-Trrds 6' eXiKas KaXvKds re Koi oppmv 
fv (xnrfi yXa<pvpoy irfpl Se poos Q,Keavolo, 35 

d<ppa) p.opp,vpcov peev aaneTos' ovde rty aXXos 
fjSeev cure 6e(ov ovre dvTjTwp dvdpanrcov, 
d\Xa Oeris re koi Evpvv6p.>] taav, ai. pe crdoDcrav. 
7] vvv TjptTepov 86p.ov iKei' Tw p.e p.dXa ;^pe« 
TTavTa Qen KaXXinXoKdp.a> ^uidypin riveiv. 40 

aXXa av p.ev vvi> ol irapddes ^(ivrfLi (caXd, 
6(pp av iyu) cjivaas aTToddopMi onXa re TTavra." 

H Koi OTT aKp-oSiToio TriXcop a'irjTov dveaTT) 
)(ii)Xtva>v' VTTo Se KvrjpLai puiovro dpaiai. 

D 2 

36 HOMER. 

(f)v<ras fiev p dnavevde ridei rrvpos, oTrXa re iravra 45 

\apvaK €S dpyvpfTjv crvWe^aro, rols eirovflro' 

(TTToyya S' dfi(p\ TTpocraira kcli apcfxi) X^'P' dnopopyvv 

aijx^eua re ari^apuv kcli arridea Xax^rjevra, 

8v 8e ;^iraj|/', eXe Se a-KijiTTpov naxv, /3^ fie Bvpa^e 

YwXei'wi/* vTTo S' nn(pi7voXoL paovro avuKTi 50 

Xpvaeiai, C'^JjO'i verjviaip eloiKv'iai. 

Tfjs eV pef voos iarl p-eru (Ppealv, iv 8e Kai av8rj 

Kai aSfvus, d6avaTij)v be deoiv ano epya laaaiv. 

ai fiev viraiBa avaKTOS iivolnvvov' avrap 6 eppcov 

ttXijctiov, ev6a Qeris nep, em Bpovov t^€ rfjaeivov, s,z^ 

tv T apa ol (j)v X^'-P'- ^'^os t e(f)aT' eK t ovopa^ev' 

" TiTTTe, QeTt TavvTreirKf, iKaveis rjperfpov 8o> 

alBoiT) T€ (pCKr] re ; rrdpos ye pev ovtl Bapi(eis. 

a{j8a o Ti (ppoveeis' reXeVai 3c pe dvp-oi avayev, 

el bvvapai TeKeaui ye (cat el rereXea-pefou eariv. 60 

Top b' rjpeijBeT eTreira Qeris Kara baKpv x^ovaa' 
"'H^aicrr , ^ apa br] Tis, oaai 6ea'i ela ev 'OXv/iTTw, 
rocra-aS' eVi (jipecrlv j/aiv dveax^ro Krjbea Xvypd, 
o(T(r epo\ eK nnaecov Kpovibrjs Zei/f aXye ebuxev ; 
('k pev p aXXdcoj/ uXidmv dvbpl bdpaaaev, 65 

AlaKibr] IlrjXrj'i, Ka\ er^rju dvepos elvr]V 
TToXXa fioX' ovK edekova-a. 6 pev brj yrjpa'i Xuypw 
Kelrai evl p.eydpois dprjpevos, dWa be poi vvV 
viov iirei p.01 bwKe yeveadai re Tpa(f) re, 
f^oxov rjpdxov' 6 6' dvebpapev epve'l icros' "JO 

Tuu pev eyoi 6ptylra(7a (^vrbv i)s yovvoi aXca^f, 
vrpxriv eTrnrpoerjKa Kopcoviaiv iXiov eiau) 
Tpaai paxrja-dpevov' top ovx inrobe^opui avris 

ILIAD. 11 

oiKOf^e poaTrjaavTa, Sofxov UriXTjiop etcrcu. 

o(f)pa fie fioi ^u>eL Ka\ Spa cf)dos rjeXioio, 75 

a^vvrai, ovBe rt, oi 8vvafiat. ^paicxfiTJaaL lovcra. 

Kovprjv fjv apa ol ytpas e^eXof vies 'Ap^aicoj', 

rfjv a^ir e/c )(fipS)v fXero KpeLcov Ayapepvcov. 

Tj Toi 6 T^s dxeav (pp€va<: ((pdiev' avrap A)(aiovs 

TpS)iS eVt irpvpvTjaiv eeCkfov, ov8e dvpa^e 80 

ettBi/ i^iivai. tov he XicrtrovTO yepovres 

^Apyeicdv, koL ttoXXo TrepiKkvTa hoip' ovopa^ov. 

ev6 avTos pev eTveiT rjuaivfro Xoiynp apvvcit, 

avTcip 6 ndrpoKKov ■nep\ piv to. a Tev)(ea ecnrev, 

nepne 8e piv noXepopde, noXvu 8' cipa Xaof onaacrep. 85 

Trap 8' ^pap papvavro irepl '2Kairj(n irvkrjcrip' 

Kai in) Kep avrrjpap ttoKlp eTrpadop, el pr) AttoXXwi/ 

TToXXa KaKO. pe^aPTO MepoiTiov akKipop vlqp 

eKTav ep\ Trpopa)(oi(Ti Koi EKTopi kGSos eduKep. 

TovpeKa pvv to. era yovpaB^ iKavopai, ai k edeXTjcda 90 

vUl ipw oiKvpopa 86pev acnrtSa koi Tpv(pdXei,ap 

Koi KaXas KvrjplSas, eTna(j)vpiois dpapvias, 

KOI dapr])^ ' o yap fjv oi. anaXeae tticttos era'tpos 

Tpojcri hnpe'is' 6 he Kelrai iiri x6op\ Ovpap d-}(ev(x)P.^ 

Tt]V S" ripei^er eneira irepiKXvTos dp(}iiyvT]eis' 95 

" Bdpcrei' pT] Toi ravra perd (fipeai arjai peXoproip. 
a* ydp piP dapdroio Sva-Tj^e'os oJSe hvpaiprju 
poacpip anoKpvyj/ai, ore piv popos aivos iKdvoi, 
u>s ol Te\i)(ea KnXd Trapeaaerai, old Tis aire 
dv6pdnT(x)V TToXeutv BavpdacreTai, os Kep 'ihrjrai." 100 

' Q.S elTTOjp TTjv pev Xirrev aurou, ^rj S en\ (pvaai, 
rds 8' is Tivp erpey^re, KcXevae re epyd^eaOai. 



(pvaai 8 iv xodvoiaiv ((iKoai naaai {(J)v(tu)v, 

navToirjv fVTrprjaTov avT/jLtju i^avieiaai, 

aWoTt fXiP (TTTfvSovTi TTapemievai, «AXore 8' uuTf, lo; 

onncos HcpaicTTos r ideXoi koi epyou avoiro. 

^oKkov S iv TTvpl /3uXXev areipta Kacrcrirepov re 

Koi xpvaov Tipr^vra Ka\ apyvpov' avrap eneira 

dtjKiv iv iiKpoQiTa piyav I'lKpova, yivTo de X^'P' 

pai(TTT)pa KpaTfpTjv, (Tfprjcpi. 8e yivTO nvpdyprjv. no 

Hotel be npoiTiara craKO? fieya re cm^apov re 
navToae daiddWav, nepl 8 avTvya /3a\Ae (paeivrjv, 
Tpin\aKa pappaperjv, eK 8 dpyvpeov reXapcovn. 
nevre 8 ap avrov eaav tra/ceos tttvx^s' avrdp iv avrcj 
nuifi 8ai8aXa TroXXa ISvirjcri 7rpaTrl8e(Tcnv. 1 1 :^ 

'Ev fjiev yaiav erev^', kv 8' ovpavov, iv 8e daKaircrav, 
TjeXiov T UKupavTa aeXrjvrjv re 7rXij0ov(Tav, 
ev 8e Tct Tfipea ndvra, rd t ovpavos iaT€<f)dvcL>Tai, 
n\T]'id8ai & 'YdSa? t€ to re adivos 'Qplcovos 
'ApKTOv 6\ r)v Kal apa^nv ijTiKXrjacv KoXeovaiVy 120 

ijT (wTov aTp((j:)eTai Ktii t Q.pla>va 8oKevei, 
oiTj 8 appopos icTTi \(HTpu)V 'ilKeavoin. 

Ev 8f 8vu> TroiTjire TrdXeis peponav dv6pcj)ira)V 
KaXds. iv jfj piv pa ydpoi r tcruv elXanivai re, 
vvpfjitis 8 e'/c daXdpcov 8ui8(i}v vno Xapnopevduv 125 

Tjyivenv avii Iicttv, iroXiii 8' vpei'cuos dpwpeC 
Kovpoi 8 vp)(r](TTripes i8ivfov, iv S' apa to'ktiv 
avXul (poppiyyes re ^orjv 'ix^ov a'l 8e yvvaiKes 
itTTupevai duvpa^ov inl npoBupoiaiv tKuarr]. 
Xaui 8 elv dyopii eaav ddpooi' ev6a 8e ve'iKos 130 

uaoipei, 8vo 8' uv8pts ive'iKiov tiveKa rioivijs 

ILIAD. 30 

avhph% dno<p0iij.iuov' 6 ^ev ei'xiTO ttovt' aVoSovvat, 

Stjfxco iTKpavaKav, 6 8' dvaivfTO ij,r]8ev eXeaOai' 

afi(f)oo S' UaBrju eVl 'laropi. irdpap (Xfadat, 

X«ot 8' d[i(f}OTfpoi(nv eTTTjnvov, dp<fH<i apcoyoC 135 

Kj'jpvKe^ 8' iipa \cwv fpTjTVoV oi de yepovTfs 

fuiT €7rl ^ecrroTcrt Xidois <f/3w ev\ KVKXa, 

aKrjTTTpa 8e Kr]pvKU>v iv X^P^^ ^X°^ T]epo(f)diV(iiv' 

TolcTiv eneiT TJ'iacrov, upoilirjSis 8e diKU^ou. 

Kflro 8' lip* iv peaaoicTL Suw ^fpucroio rdXavra, 140 

rc5 86pev OS pfTu roiai 8ikt]p Wwrara €inoi. 

Tfjv 6' ireprju ttoXic dp(jA 8vio arpaToi tiaro Xacof 

TfvxfO'i Xapnopevoi. 8ixa 8e (T(jiitTLU rjvdave ^ovXrj, 

r]€ Sianpadieiv fj tivSixa Travra 8daa(T6ai, 

KTrjaiv ocrrjv TTTokUdpov iTiriparov evrus ifpyeC 145 

o'l 8' ov TTco TTfidovTo, \6xu) 8' vTreBajprjaaovTO. 

Tfixos fiev p aXoxoi re (piXai koi vrjTria xeKva 

pvar €({)e(rTa'.Tes, pera 8' duepes oiis ex^ y^pas" 

oi 8' Xaav' r/px^ ^' "pa o(f)iv "Aprjs Koi TlaWas 'Adi']vr], 

lipcpo) ;^pvo-eic>), ;(pv(Tem 8e etpara ecrdrjp, 150 

KoXai Koi pfyaku) crvv Tevx^TLv, wore 6((i) n(p, 

dpcfns dpi^7]\u>' Xaoi 8 vn oXl^oves rjaav. 

01 8' oTf 8)'] p Ikcivov 061 (r(})iaiv (Ue Xf;;^?j(r(«, 

eV nnrapui, 061 t dp8pus k'rjv TvavreoGL ^OTolcriv, 

evff apa ro'i y 'l^ovT ilXvpevoi aidoni xoXkm. 155 

Tolo-t 8' eiTfiT dirdvfvde 8v(o <tkoito\ eiaro Xaau, 

8eypevoi SnnoTe pijXa iSot'aro Ka\ eXiKas jSovs. 

ot 8e rdxo. ivpoyivovTO, 8voi 8' a/i' iirovro voprjis 

Tfpnopevoi avpiy^f SoXoi' 8' ov Tt TTpovuT)(Tai>. 

01 piv TCI 7rpo'i86vTes ine8papov, wku S' 'ineira 160 

40 HOMER. 

TafxvovT dfj.(p\ ^oav dye'Xas Kol TTiifO KoKa 

dpy€vv((ov oiwv, KTfivov 8' tVi /MT^Xo/Sor^par. 

o'l 8' as ovv envdovTo iroXiip KeXaSov napa ^ovcriv 

flpdcov TTpcnrapoide KaQrjpievoi, avTiK ((fi mncou 

^dvres aepcnTT<)8a)v p,€TfKia6ov, ot\|/a 8' lkovto. iG^ 

arrjadpfvoi S (pdxovro pd^rjv Trorapoio Trap" o)(0a<;, 

/SaXXoi/ S aXXr^Xovf ;(aX/cijpe(Tti/ ey)(eir)(TLv. 

€i> 8' "Epis, fv Se KuSo</io? 6p.i\eov, iv 8' okor] Kfjp, 

(TXXov ^a>ov exovcra veovrarov, aXKov aovrov, 

aXXov Tf6vr]0)Ta Kara podov eX/ce ttoSoui/" i^o 

(ifia 8 fx ^t"-^ cofioiai 8a<poive6v alp.aTi (jiioTwv. 

a)p.i\evv 8 o)S T€ fcooi ^poroi rj8e pd^ovro, 

vtKpovs T dWrjXav i'pvov KarareBvr^oiTa^. 

'Ev 8' fTidei veiov p^XaKrjv, TvUipav tipovpav, 
fvpuav rpiiroKov' TroXXoi 8 dpoTrjpes iv avrrj j ■^: 

^fvyea 8iVfvoin-es eXuaTpeov ev6a Koi ev6a. 
o'i 8' OTTore (TTpeyj/avTes Ikoioto t(X(tov dpovprjs, 
Toicri 8 eTTeiT iv X^P^'- ^f'^i'i? p.e\n]8eos o'ivov 
86iTK(v dvrfp inicav' to\ 8e crrpeyj/'ncrKov dv oyfiov^, 
IffjLfvoi peiolo l3a6fLT]s TeXaov 'iKeadai. i8o 

rj 8e ptKaiveT onKrOev, dprjpopiivr] 8e i<oKfi, 
Xpvcfir] n(p (ovaa' to 8r] irtp] davna rervKTO. 

Ev 8 ir'iOfL Ttpevos [iaOvkifiov' €v6a 8' f'ptdoi 
fjpuiv o^das 8perrdvas iv ;^epfrli' i'xovres. 

8puyp,aTa 8' «XXa p.fT 6yp.ou inrjrpipa Trlrrrnv ipa(€, iS:; 
<7XXa O dpaWo8eTrip€i iv fWf8avo7(TL 8invro. 
rpf'is 8 (tp ap.aXKo8€Tri pes i(^i(rTa(Tav' avrdp onicrOfv 
7rai8fr 8payp€vovT(s, iv dyKaKidtcrai (pipnvrfs, 
daTTfpxfS TidptxoV (Saaikevs 8' iv Totai (TiayTrfj 



(TKriTTTpov e'xav earijKfi en oy^ov yrjBocrvvos Krjp. lyo 

KTjpvKfs 8 anavetBev virb tpvi. daira Trevovro, 
^ovv 8 UpeviravTfs peyav ap(f)eTTOv' al 8e yvvaiKfs 
SuTTvov ipi6oi(TLV \(VK tiX(piTa TroXXa TraXwov. 

Ev 8 eTidei aTa(f)vX7JCTi peya ^pldovcrav aKa>r)V 
KoXrjv ^pvnrfirjv' peXaves S ai^a ^orpves rjnav^ icip 

eoTjjACft be Kaposi dtapnepes dpyvperjariv. 
ap(f)i fie Kvavi-qv KanfTov, nepl S' epKOs eXnaaev 
KaaaiTepov' p.ia S' o'lrj drapTriTos ^ev en avrrjv, 
TT] VKTO'OVTO (poprjes, ore rpvyoaev akcorjv, 
TvapBeviKcii be leai Tji6eoi draXa cfipoveovTes 200 

nXeKTois ev TaXapouri (pepov peXirjdea Kapnov. 
Toicriv b ev peaaoicri ttciIs (poppiyyi Xiyelrj 
ipepoev Kiddpi^e, Xii'ov b' virb koXov cieibev 
XeTTTaXerj (fioovfj' rot be prjcrcrovTes dpapTTJ 
poXivfi T tvypa re ttoctI aKaipovres eirovTO, 205 

'Ei/ S' dyfXrjv Tto'i-qae ^oav 6pdoKpaipdu)V' 
a'l be jSo'ff ■^pvcrolo TfTev^aro Kaaanepov re, 
pvKr]6pm b' dnb Konpov eTrecruevovTO vopovbe 
trap TTorapov KeXdbovra, irapa pobavov bovaKrja. 
Xpvaeioi be voprjes ap ecTTf^oaivTO ^ueacriv 210 

Tecrcrapes, evvea be (T(pi Kvves rrobas apyoi enovro. 
trpepbaXeco be Xeovre bv ev TrpaTrjai jSoeacriv 
ravpov epvyprjXov e)(eTr]v' o fie paKpa pepvKois 
eXKero' rbv be Kvves pereKiadov j;S al^rjoi. 
TO) pev dvapprj^avre ftobs peydXoio ^oeLrjv 211:; 

eyKara Koi peXav aipa XacpvacreTov' oi be voprjes 
nvrcof evbiecav raxeas Kvvas orpwovres. 
01 b rj Toi baKeeiv pev dTTerpcoTrSiVTO XeovTCOV, 

4-! HOMER. 

'i(TTafifi/oi 8e juaX' eyyvs v\uKTeov e(c r' dXe'ovTo. 

Ev 8e vofjiop TToirjcre nepiKXvTos dixquyvijeis, 220 

fv icnXtj ^Tjacrrj^ fxeyav oicov dpytvvdcov, 
<TTa6)j.o\JS re (cXtcri'as re KaTr]pf(peas I8e ariKovi. 

'Ef 8e ■)(opov TToiKiXXe nepiicXvTos dp(piyv>j(is, 
T<a iKeXov oiov ttot ein Kvaaa evpelj] 

AaidaXoi fjaKrjcrfv KaXXirrXvKifxu) Apiddvrj. 225 

evda fiev rjiQeoL Kcu napdevoi dXcpeai^oiai 
o)p\fvvT , aXXrjXav errl Kaprrio )(flpai 'i)(ovTei. 
To)v 6' a'l pev XeTrras oBdvas '^x.ov, oi he p^ircui/ay 
etar (vvvtjtovs, ^k^ (TTiXfiovTas eXaico' 

Kal p al pif KaXus arecpdvas ex^ov, ol de pn^aipas 230 

(iXov )(pv(Teias f^ dpyvpeccv reXapa)vu>v. 
ol §" ore piv dpi^ucTKOv (TriiTTapivoLcn irdhecraiv 
pda pdX', a)f ore ris Tpo)(6v appevov iv iraXdpija-iv 
f^dpevos Kepapevs irfiprjaeTai, a'l k€ dirjaiv' 
aXXoTf S' uv 6pe^a(TK0i> €t:\ crrip^ay aXXrjXoicnv. 235 

TToXXor 6' Ipepdfuru ^(opov nepiurrad opiXos 
T€pndpevoi' pera Se' cr^iy epeXTTfTo 6elos doidus 
(f)()ppi^u)v' Soto) 8e Kv^iarrjTrjpe kut avrovs 
poXTrTjs (^dpxovTos ibivevov Kara pecraovs. 

'Ev 8" fTi6ei noTapolo pe ^ a (rdevos 'QKeavoio 240 

avTvya nap nvpdrrjp craKeos nvKci ttoitjtoIo. 

Avrap fTreiSfj rev^e aaKos peya re (TTiiSupdi' re, 
Tfv^ apa ol 6u>prjKa (^aavdrepov nvpos auy^j, 
Tfv^t de ol Kopvda jBpiaprju, Kpordflinis upapviav, 
kclXtju 8(u8aXirji', eVi Se ;^pucreoj/ Xdcfxtu rjKiv, 245 

reO^e he ol Kvrjp'ihai euvou KucraiTipoto. 

\vTap enel ndvd' CttXu Kdp.e kXvtus up(f)iyvy](ii, 

ILIAD. 43 

fiTjTpoi 'Axt-^^rjos Br^Kf irpuTnipotdeu deipas. 
fj 6* tpr]^ 03S oXto kut Ov\vpnov VL(p6evTu<;, 
Tfi'Xfa fiappaipovTa irap' 'Vl^aiaroio (fiepovora. 250 

[xviii. 368-617.] 


77ie next day, terrible in Ids new armour, Achilles 7-eturned 
to the field. Not even helpless Lycaon finds mercy at his 

H roi. 6 piv Bopv paKpov dvecrxeTo Sios 'A)(iWfvs 
ovTapfvai pf paces, 6 8* vneSpape koI Xa/3e •yoww;' 
Kv^as' ey-\*'''7 ^' "p' ^"'■ep pujtov ev\ yaiij 
fO'TTj, ifpii/ij xpoos I'ipevai dvhpopeoio. 

avjap 6 Ti] fTeprj piv eKlhv iWiaaeTO yovvaii', 5 

t/; S' irept] i'^fv i'yX°^ aKUXptvov, ov8e pfdUc 
[khi piv (pcovfjaas tnea nrepofPTa Tr/joo-jjuSa'] 
" yovvoiipai a, 'Axi^ev' av be p.' aiSeo Kai p' e\fr](TOi>. 
avTi Toi ftp iKerao, 8ioTp{CJ)es, aldoLoio' 

nap yap coi Tr/jwrw Tracrdpriv Arjprjrepos aKrrjp, 10 

rjpari rw ore p! etXty eiJKTipevij iv aXoofj, 
Kai p (TTfpacrcras uvevOev liyatv narpus re (piXav re 
Afjpvov fs rjyadei]!/, fKOTop^oiov 8e tol Tj\(pov. 
vvv be Xvprjv rpls Tocraa nopwv — rjcoi Se pol eariv 
i]8e dvcodfKaTr], or e's'D^iov elXrjXovda ic 

TToXXa TvaQtov — viv av pe rejjs iv x^po'i-i' e'drjKeu 
poip oXoT]' peXXw T70V d7re';(^e(T^at Ait iraTpi, 
OS pe crol uiiris edooKe' pivvvBdbiov 8e pe prjTrjp 
yeivaro AaoBorj, dvydTrjp "AXtoo yepovros, 

AXrfw OS AeXeyeo'cTi (juXoTrroXepoiaiv dvdcraei, 20 

YiTjbavov aiTTTjeacrav excov en\ Sarj-'tde^rt. 

44 HOMER. 

ToO S' t-Xi SvyaT€pa Uplnum, TroXXaj Se /cat «XX«s' 

T^s fie Sua) ■yei/(!/i6or^a, crii S' «^'|)co 8fipoTOfiT](Teis. 

?! TOi TOP irpioTOKji pera TvpvXeeaa-i 6dpa(T(Tas, 

nvTidtof no\v8a)pov, fVet /3aXey o^fi dovpi' 25 

vGi/ Se 817 eV^a'S' e/x°'' fa^oi^ ea-aerni' ov yap oio) 

(Trtj x^'P"^ (j)fv^ea6aL, iiTfl p fTreXnaae ye taipav. 

aXXo Se TOi epeo), av S' fVi (/)pe(rt /3aXXeo o-fjo-ti/- 

/iij |ie KTfiv', €7j-e( ovx opoydoTpios "E/cropof ei^t, 

OS TOI iraipov eTTtcfivev ivrjka t€ Kparepov re. ?,o 

^ns apa piv Upiapoin npoa-rjvda (paiSipos vloi 

\i(T(T6pivos iTTiecrtnv, dpeiXiKTov 6' on uKovaev' 

" vi]ni{, pf) poi anoiva in^avarKto, prjh' dyopeve. 

Trp\v pev yap HuTpoKkov emcnre'iv aicripov rjpap, 

Tocjipa Ti pni 7re(pi8e(T6ai eVi (pptcrl cjyiXTepov fjfv 35 

Tpu>a>v, KOI TToXXovs fcooiij eXov tj8' errepaa-aa' 

vxJv 8' ovK ecrS' os Tis BdvaTov (})vyrj, ov /cf d(6s ye 

'iXt'ov TTprmapoiBtv iprjs iv x^P^'- (^"Xr/trii', 

Km TTuvTuiv Tpayav, nepi 8' av Upu'ipoio ye Trat'Scof. 

aXXa (/)iXos 6(ive Ka\ av' t'itj d\o(}}vpeai ovtws ; 40 

Kordave Ka\ UaTpoiiKos, o rrep (reo noXkov apeivav. 

ovx opdqs olos Ka\ eyw (caXoj re /xeyn? Te ; 

TvaTpos S" eiy dyaOolo, 6ea he pe yelvuTO p.r]Tr]p' 

aXX' fTTi Tot Ka\ epo\ 6dvaT0s Ka\ potpa KpaTairj — 

firafrai fj t]o)S, fj beiXr], rj peaov rjpap — 45 

omroTe tj? kuI epe1o''hpei eK 6vpbv eXrjrai, 

f) o ye 8ovp\ ^>iXa)i/ 17 0770 vevprirjuv oVcrrw. 

[xxi. 67-113.] 

ILIAD. ' 45 


Scaniander presses hard upon Achilles till he is checked by 
the fires of Hephaestus. 

Kai vv K fTi Trkeovas KTuve UaLovai wKVi A;^iXXe(;f, 

(I fjif] )(^a)tTafievos 7rpo(re'0j; ttotujjlos ^advhivqs, 

av€pi fladfidos, f3a6ftjs S' (Kipdey^aro divrjs' 

"cl) 'A;(tX6r, nepl fieu Kpareets, nepl 6 aiavXa /jeffts 

dvdpav' alel yap toi dp,vvovcnv 6eo\ avToi. 5 

ei TOt Tpcbas e8a)Ke Kpovov ttqis ndvras oXeacrac, 

e^ fp.e6ev y eXdaas neSiov Kara jxeppepa pe^i' 

nXfjdfi yap 817 poi veKvap ipnreLvd pi(6pa, 

ovtf Ti irrj hvvapuL iTpo-)(tit,v poov eiy oka Slau 

areivopfvos vfKiKaai, av 8e Kreiveis ai'5»;Xa)y. lo 

oAA aye or] kul eaaov ayrj p. ex^') "PX^M^ Kauiv. 

Tov 8' drrapfilSopfvos npoaecfii] ttoSus cokus 'A;(tXXfL'j" 
" fcrraL raiira, '2K.dpav8pe SiOTpe(jf)€S, as crv (ceXei/ets. 
Tpoiay 8' ov irplv Xt]^o> inrep(pidXovs fvapi^av, 
TTp\v eXaai Kara aarv Koi "EKTopi TteiprjOrjuai 1 5 

dvTi^irjv, rj Kfv pe dapdaaerai, fj Kev eyw tov. 

^Qs €1770)1/ Tpdiea-aiv irriacrvTO huipovi iaos. 
Koi TOT 'AnoXXava irpo(re(j)T] noTupoi fia6vhlvT)s' 
" w TTonoi, dpyvpoTo^e, Ato? t€kos, ov av ye ^ovXas 
elpvcrao Kpovitovcs, o toi pdXa ttoXX eneTeXXev 20 

Tpojcri TTapecndpevat nai dpvveiv, elaoKev eX6r] 
beieXos 6\j/e 8vcdv, (TKidar} 8' epi^toXov upovpav. 

'H Ka\ 'A;(tXXeiis p.ev BovpiKXvTos evBope /xeao-w 
Kpj)pvoii dnat^as' 6 S' eneaavTO oldpaTi Bvav, 

46 HOMER. 

TTujTa S' optf6 p((dpa KVKu)[xfi'oi, uxre Se veKpovs 25 

ndXXovs, ot pa Kar' avrov aXis eaav, ovs ktuv ' A\t.X\evi' 

Toiis eK/SaXXe dvpa^e, pepvKws rjvTe ravpos, 

X^pTovde' ^(aoiis fie adco Kara Ka\a peedpa, 

KpvTSTOiV fv bluijai. fia6eli]aiv pfyakrjcnv. 

bfivbv 8' ap,(f)' *A)^ik7Ja KVKOipefov laraTo Kvpa, 30 

utdd S' (u (TaKf'i TviTCToov poos' oi8e nodeaaiv 

(iXe (TT-qpi^acrdai. 6 8e nTfXerjv (Xe ^epatp 

(iitpvea peyaXrjV' 17 5 e'/c pi^ecov ipinovaa 

KpTjpiiov anavTa diaxrev, eneaxe 8e KaXa pieOpa 

ofoicrii' TTVKivoiai, ye(})vp(oaev Se piv avrov 35 

f (TO) naa ipcnovcr ' 6 8' lip ek hivrj^ duopovcras 

rj'i^fv mhioio ttoo-I Kpanvvo'icri TrereaOai, 

SftVar. ovbe t fXrjyf peyas 6e6s, wpro S' eV avroi 

aKpoKfXaivioutu, 1i>a piv Travaeie novoio 

d'lov 'Ax^XXrju, Tpwecrai Se Xotyoi/ rlXaXffoi, 40 

nrjXeiSrjs 8' anopovatv baov t (tu 8ovpos fp(tir], 

nlfTOv oipar (x^^ peXavoi, tov BrjprjTTJpos, 

oy 6' apn KcipTiaroi re Koi &Kiaros TTfrer^vav' 

Tw fi/cwy i'j'i^fv, eVt <jTr]6(crai 8e x^Xkos 

(rptpbaXtov Kovi'tfii^fv' vTTaiSa 8e ro'io Xiaaaeit 45 

(\>(vy J 6 8' oniade pioiv eiTeTO peydXoi opvpaySoi. 

0)9 8' or' dvrjp oxtrrjyns dno Kprjvrjs peXavvdpov 

tip (fiVTU Kcii KrjTTOvi v8aTi poQV xiyfpovevrj, 

^fptri pdKtXXav ix^v, dpdprji e^ ('xpira ftdXXuiv' 

TOV p(v re npopeovTOi iino r^r^^ISfs Cmaaai 50 

u\X(vvTaC TO hi T S)Ka Kartifiopivov K(Xapv(fi 

X<^p(>> <*" nponXfl, (pBuvei 8e Tt koi tov ayovra' 

wi aU\ 'AxiXijn kixtjctiito Kvpa paoio 

ILIAD. 47 

Km Xaiyj/rjpov (ovra' 6fo\ hi re cf)€pTfpoL dvBpav. 

oaaaKt S opprjcreie TvoSdpKTjs 8los 'A^^tXXeiiy 55 

(rTTJvai fvavT ^lov, Koi yvutpevat, ti piv anavTfs 

addvaroi cf)o^eov(Ti, rot ovpavov evpvv (^ovaiv, 

Tocra-aKi piv peya Kvpa dunfTeos irorapoio 

Trkd^ mpovs Kadvnepdev' 6 8' vxlfoae TTocra\v fV^jSa 

6vp<a dvid^Mv' iTOTapos 6' vno yovvaT ibdpva 60 

\di3poi, vnaida peav, Kovirjv b' vnepeuTe ttoBouv. 

•TT \ ■'■St S\>V > >SJ\ 1 > * if, 

llr]AeLOT]s o u)pci)^€V loav fis ovpavov fvpvv 

" Zev TidTep, a)s ovth pe deatv iXeeivov VTreaTrj 

(K TTorapolo tracoaai. frreira fie Kai ri ndOoipi. 

aWos h' ovTii p'.i t6(tov aiTios Ovpaviavatv, 65 

aKKa (j)i\r] prjvrjp, r; pe yj/evSecrcnv fdfkyev' 

fj p ecparo Tpoicov vnb rfi)(e'i dcoprjKrdav 

Xaf\j/r]po'is oXeecT^at ' AnoXKcovos ISfXeeacriv. 

as p. 60fX EKToap Krelvai, os cv6d8e y 'drpad) upicrros' 

Tffl K dyados pev fTrecpv, dyadov be Kev e^fvdpi^ev. yo 

vvv 8e pe XevyaXfco fiavdrto elpapTO dXavai 

ipxdiVT iv peydXu) norapo), a>s Traiba crv(j)opj36vj 

ov pd T evavXos airoipcrr] ■^eiponvi TTepoivra" 

Qs (pdro, TO) be pdX' uxa Tlocreibdaiv Kai ^Adrjvrj 
aTT]rr]v eyyiis lovre, be pas b' avbpeaaiv eiKrrjv, -;; 

X^^pi- 8e X^^P^ Xa^dvres enicTTaaavT eireecrcriv. 
Tolcri be pvdcov f]px^ Uoa-fibdoov evoaix^oav' 
" Hrjke'ibr], p-qr ap ri Xirjv rpee prjre ti rdp^ei' 
Toiu) ydp Toi VQo'i decov eTnTapp66a> elpev, 

Ztjvos enaii>r)cravTOs, eyo) Ka\ IlaXXay 'Adt'^vrj' 80 

u>s OV Toi TTorapa ye bapr]pevai a'icripov etrriv, 
aXX' obe pev rdxa Xcoipljaei, av be e'lcreai avTos' 

48 HOMER. 

airap crol nvKivas irrrodTjcrofxfff, a'i k€ iriBrjaC 

fii] TTpiv naviiv ^eipas opouov irokf.p.oio, 

TCjHV Kara 'iXioCJji kXvtu Tei)(ea Xaov eeXcrai 85 

TpoiiKov, OS Ke (f>vyt}(n. crii 8 EKTOpi 6vp6v anovpas 

a\l/- e'ni vijas ipfu' 8i^opev 8e rot ev;^09 dpecrdai. 

To) fiev ap Sis tliroure per' ddavdrovs airfjSrjTriv, 
avTap 6 ^Tj — ptya yap pa 6ecov atrpwev ecpfrprj — 
fs neSiov' to 8e irdv nXriff vbaros eK)(vp€voio, 90 

TToXXa 8e Tfxjxea KaXa 8aiKrapevoiV al^rjoyv 
nXiDOV Ka\ viKVis. tov 8 v\j/6cre yovvar e7rrj8a 
irpos poov diaaovTos dv Wvv, ov8e piv eaxfu 
fupvpfcov norapos' peya yap adevos en^aX' 'Adrjvr]. 
oiiSe '2Kdpav8pos eXrjye to hv pevtis, aXX eVi pdXXov (j5 
^oifTO UrfXeicovt, Kopvacre 8e Kvpa pooio 
v'^oa deipopevos, '2,ip6ftTt 8e /ce'/cXer avcras' 
" <^iX€ KaaiypTjTe, crdfvos dvepos dpcfjoTepoi Trep 
<Tx<vpev, end Tax^a c'icttv peya YIpLupoio livaKTos 
(KTTf paei, Tpcoes Se kotu poQov ol pfviovenv. 100 

dXX inupvve Td\i(TTa, Kcd ipTr'niXTjOi. peedpa 
vBaToi fK. TTTjyecov, irdvTas 8' opoBvvov kvavXovs, 
IfTTTj 8e pe'ya icvpa, iroXvv 8' 6pvpay8ov bpive 
<f)iTpij)v Koi Xda)v, iva navcropfv aypiov av8pa, 
OS 8r] vvv KpaTifi, pepovev b' o ye laa Oiounv. 105 

<^r;^i yap ovTe filrjv xpaicrprjcrtpev ovTe tl eidos, 
ovTt TO. Ttv^fa KuXa, Tci TTOV ndXa vewBi, Xlpvrjs 
Kficrtd vn IXxJos KfKuXvppeva' ku8 Sc piv avTov 
elXiKTU) \lrapd6oLaiv, uXis x^p^^^(>s nepixfvas, 
pvpiov, ov8e ol ofTT? (TnaTfjaoi/Tai 'Axaiol no 

aXXf^aC Toaarjv at u(tlv Ka6viT(p6e KoXv^ct). 

ILIAD. 49 

alTov ot /cm ur]\xa Terev^erai, ovde ri fitv xpeio 
iCTTQi rvfifBoxorja, ore fiiv ddnrwaiv A^atot. 

'H K(i\ fiTwpT 'A;^(X^t KVKwp,ivos, v^l/offf dvav, 
fiopfivptov u(f)poi re Kcil aifiari. kol veKveaiTW. 1 1 5 

TTopCpvpeov S' apa Kvpa Sunfreos Trorapoio 
"la-TdT aeipopevov, Kara fi' {]pee UrfKeicovn. 
"Hprj Se pe-y nv(T^ n^pi^bfiaaa A;^iX^V, 
pr] piv aiToepaeif piyas norapos ^advbivrjs. 
avTiKa 8' "Hc^niOTOi/ Trpoae(f)o}V(ev, ov (^l\ov vloV 120 

'' OpCTfOj KvX^iOTTO^HOV, ( fJiOV TiKOS' (i-VTU (TeBsV JUp 

AUvBov BiuijevTa pn^jl rjicTKoptv eivai' 

dXX' e-rrapwe Ta;(toTa, Tn(f)av(rKeo 8e (f)\6ya ttoWijv. 

avrap t'-yw Zecjyvpoio koi apyeaTao Noroio 

etcropai i^ akoOev x'^\fTTfjV opcrovaa ovfXKav, 125 

rj K€V aTTO Tpiawv KeCpaXas koi revx^a KT]ni, 

(fi'Kfypa KOKov (popeovaa. cri) 8e Sdvdoio Trap ox^as 

(56v5pfa KaV, (V S' avTov tei irvpi prjSe ere rrdpTvav 

pfiXiXioii eneeaaiv dnorpeTveToi kol dpeifj' 

prjde nplu dmrnavf Teov pevos, «XX' otvot ui> 6y) I 30 

<p6ey^op eycov laxovcra, Tore axelv aKdparov nvp. 

^Qs i(pa6\ "HffiaKTTOs Se riTvaKfTO deanibaes irip. 
irpoiTa peu iv irebia nvp Saiero, Kate Se pfKpovs 
TToXXovj, 0I pa Kar' avTov aXis eaav, oiis Krdv 'A;^tAXfv<.-. 
irav S' f^ijpdvdrj nftlov, ax^TO 8' dyXaop vBcop. 13; 

u>s 8' OT UTru)piv6s BopeT]s v€oap8e 0X0)171/ 
ai\j/ dy^Tjpdvrj' X"''p^' ^^ M'" octtis fdetp]]' 
S)r e^rjpdv6q ivebinv rrdv, /caS 8' iipa veKpovs 
K^ei>' 6 8' e'y Trorapov rpeyj/e 0Xoya Tiap^pavooiaav. 
KaiopTO TTTfXe'at Te kcu iVe'ai ^Se pvplKai, 140 


50 HOMER. 

Kai€TO 8e XcoTof re iSe Bpvov r)8e Kvneipov, 

ra TTfpi KoXa pieBpa aXis noTafio7o Tre^vKei" 

TflpovT e'y;(eXv€y re Koi Ixdves ol (caret SiVas, 

1)1 Kara Ka\u pee6pa KV^iarav i'vBa kol evOa 

TTVOifj Tupofifvoi. TToKvprjTtos HcjiaiCTTOio. 145 

Ka'uTO S' ly TTOTapolo enos r e<^ar" ex r* op6pa(eV 

""Hc/jaio-r, 01/ ris (rot ye 6fu}v dvpar avTKpfpiCeiv, 

ovS' au (yu) (to'i y hbe iTvp\ (\)\eye6ovTi paxoip.r}v. 

Xrjy epiSos, Tpccas 8e Koi avrUa 8'ios 'A;(tXXeiis 

aareo? e'^eXdcrete' tI poi epiSos koi npayjjs ;' 150 

*^ TTup) Kaioufvos, ava 8' e<p\ve Koka pefdpa. 
ws Be Xe/Sjjf (el evSov, eireiyopevos nvp\ ttoXXw, 
KPiarjv peXdopivos anakoTpecpeos aiaXoio, 
ndvTodev up!3o\d8r]v, VTib be ^vXa KuyKava Kelrnt, 
&)S Tov Koka pffBpa 7Tvp\ (pkeyeTo, fee S' iiSco// i ^^ 

ovS" edeke npopeeiv, aXX' 'IcrxeTO' relpe 8' diJr/:!)) 
'Hcf)ai(TTOio [3Lr](})i TvokiKppovos. airap o y "Hpr]v 
TToXXa kiaaapevos enea ivTepoevra Trpoarjvbn' 
""Hprj, riVre aos vlos ep.6v poov expae KrjBeiv 
e^ SXkav ; ov fiev roi eyu> rocroi/ alrios eipi 160 

ocTcrov 01 akkm navres, ocroi Tpo^eaaiv apayoi. 
dXX' ^ rot /iev e'yo)!/ aTroTrauo-o/iai, ei aw (ceXeveiy, 
naveadu) he /cat ouros. e'ycb S' eVt Kal rdS' opovpai, 
pf] TTOT eVi TpmeacTiv uk(^t]aeiv kukov rjpap, 
pT]8^ onoT tiv Tpoirj pakepM nvpl nacra duTjTai 165 

daiopeVTj, 8ai(i)(Ti 8' 'Apf]'ioi vies A;(atoJi'. 

AvTctp errel ro y uKOvae 6ta kevK(^kevos''\lpr], 
avTiK up "ll(f)aiaTov npnaetpaveev, op (f)lkop vioV 
'^"HcfjaicTTf, crx^o, reKVOv ciyoKkees' ov yap e'oiKep 

ILIAD. 51 

aQavarov Oeov uSe jBpoTuv evfKa (Trv(p(\l^iiv, 1 70 

' Q.S e(f)a6\"H<.piHaTos 8e Karea^eae deairidaei T;vp, 
n^opj^ov S' dpa Kvpa KartacrvTO KoKa peedpa. 

[xxi. 211-382.] 


A// day he drove the Trojans up the shore, slaying till 
Scaviafider 'was choked tvith the dead, and the remnant hardly 
found shelter within the gate. Hector alone disdained to fly, 
and, betrayed by Athene, fights atid falls. 

'' Q. noTTOi, Tj pdXa 8fj pe 6foi ddvaropSe KaXeacrav' 

At]1(I)o[3ov yap eyo) y ecpdprjv fjpcoa Trapelvcu' 

oXX' 6 pev iv rei^ei, epe S" (^aTruTrja-ev 'Adrjurj. 

vvv 8e 8tj eyyvOi poi Odvaros kqko?, ov8e T avevBtv, 

oiS' aiKei]' T] ydp pa ttoXui to ye (piXrepov rjev ^ 

Zrjvi re Koi Aios vii iKT]l36Xb}, 01 pe irdpos ye 

irp6(f)poves elpvuTo' vvv avri pe puipa Ki-xfivei. 

pfj pav acTTTOvSt ye kiA aKkeicos dnoXolprjv, 

dXXa peya pe^as Ti Koi ecra-opevoiai Trv6e(r6at. 

'Or apa cpa)VT](Tas elpvaaaru (pdayavov o^v, 10 

TO 01 vno XaTrdprjv TtTaTo peya re CTTi^apov re, 
o'lprjdev be d\e\s uts t aleTos v'<p-nreTrjets, 
OS T euTiv nediovbe 8ia ve(f)ea)v epe^evvav 
dpnd^av rj apv apaXrjv r] nToxa Xaycoov' 
&$■ "Ejcrcop o'iprjcre TivacrfTcov (paayavov u^v. 15 

cipprjdi] S' 'A)(iK€vs, peveos 8' f/i7rXr;craT0 Bvpov 
nypiov, TrpocrOev 8e adKos CTTepvoio KuXvy^rev 
KoKov 8ai8d\eov, Kopvdt 8 eneveve (paeivrj 
TeTpacpdXco' KaXal 8e nepia-aeiovTo edeipai 
Xpvaeac, as "Hc^aicrros let X6<pov dp(p\ 6apeidi. 20 

E 2 

5i HOMER. 

oioi b' daTTjp ftai iifT acrrpdcn vvKTOi aprAya 

€(TTTfpos, OS KaWiCTTOs iv ovpavw itTTarm aar-qp, 

ojs alxfJ^fjS iiTreXapTr fvijKfOi, t]v ap A;(tXXfvs 

TrdXXev df^iTfpfj (Ppovfo>v kqkov "EKTopi Siw, 

ilaopuav xpoa koKov, &7Tt] et^eie /idXtcrTO. 25 

Tov 8e Kol ciyO^o Tocrov pev €;(e XPO" X"^''^*^ Tfvx^n, 

Ka\a, ra UarpOKkoio ^'irjv evdpi^e KaraKTas' 

(f)aiutTO 8' iy KXTjldes an a>pcov at^e"' fx^'^^'-^y 

'S.avKauirjv, Iva re "^vx^^ cokkttos SkeQpos. 

TJi p eVi 01 penaois eXaa eyxf'i S'os A;(iXXf i/f, 30 

avriKpv S" aTraXolo 81 avx^^^s i]\v6' CLKOxr]. 

ov8' up' un d(T(f)dpayov peTiir} rdpe ;(oXKo/3dpeia, 

o(f)pa Ti piv TTpoTu'nTOi dpei^opfvos eneeaaiv. 

rjpmf S' eV Kovirjs' 6 S' enfv^aTO Sloy 'A;^tXX6iis' 

""F.KTop, drdp TTOV ((f)r]s UaTpoKXff i^evapi^wv 35 

o-wr etrafaff, tpe S' oi/biu 0771'^eo v6a(f)iv eovra, 

VTjiru. Toio 8' avevOev do<Tarr]Tfjp pey dpeivcov 

iniva)v em yXaCpvpjjaiv eyw pfToniade XeXeipprjv, 

oy Tni yovvar eXvaa. ere p.ev Kvves r]8 oicoi/ot 

f\Kr](Tov(T d'iKws, tov 8e KTfpiovcnv 'Axni-oi. 40 

Tov 8' 6\iyo8pav{(i}v npoa-e'cpr] KopvdaioXoi EKzap' 
" 'KlatTOii VTvkp "^vx^js Ko\ yovvci)V <tu>v re tokijcoi', 
pTf pe ea irapa vrjvcrl Kvvas (caTaSd\|/'at i\xai(DV, 
aXXa cri' piv x^>^dv re aXij xP^'^dv re 8(8f^o, 
8ii)pa rd roi 8a)0"ov(ri Trarrjp Koi rrdrvia pfjrrjp, 45 

(Tojpa be oiKab tp,6v dupevai, trdXiv, ucfipa nvpos pe 
Tpufs KOI Tpdxov oXop^ot XeXd;(<i)cri Bavovra. 

Tov 8' r/p' im')8pa IScov 7Tpo<Ti(pT] 7ro(5ns a>Ki;s A^jiXXevs" 
" pT] p.f, Kvov, yovvcdv yovvd^fo prjbe tokijcov. 

ILIAD. 53 

ai yd/) TTws avTuv [xe [livos icai dv^os aveirj c,o 

o)^' u7roTaiJ,v6fjL€voi> Kpea ednfi'ai, old fi topyas, 

ws ovK ecrff os <t^s ye Kvva^ Kf(paKT]s anaXdkKOi, 

ov8 fi Kev Sficd/cts re Koi i'lKoai vrjpir anoiva 

(TTricruxT ev6dh ciyovTfs, vn6(T)((oi'Tai 8e Koi aXKa' 

ov8 ft Kev o" avTov )(^p\aai epvaacrBat avoyyoi. 55 

Aapduvi^rjs Ylpiap.os' ou5' ws ae ye ttoti/lu p-tjrrjp 

evdepevr] Xf^e'eatri yoriaeTai, ov rtKev avrfj, 

nXXa Kvvei re Koi olcuvoi Kara iravTa bdcrovrai. 

Toi/ 6e KaTadvrjaKoov npoaecf)!] KopvdaioXos EKTcop' 
" r] cr' ei yiyvaxTKcav irpoTi6aaop,ai, ovb up e/xeXXoe 60 

Tveiaeiv rj yap aoi ye cribrjpeos iv (f)pecTl 6vp6i. 
(ppd^eo vvv pr] to'l tl 6ea)v prjvtpn ytvaipai 
rjpaTi. r«, oVe Kev ae liapts koi <I>ot(3o9 'AttoXXwi/, 
eadXov eovT oXeacocnv evi ^.Kai^ai TTvXrjaiv. 

Qs (ipa p.iv ftnovra reXos davdroio KdXv^et', 65 

^l^vx^rf 8' eK p(6ea>v TTTapivq Ai'So'crSe ^ef:iTjKei, 
ov ir6Tp.ov yooaxja, Xmovcr d8poTriTa Ka\ ijfSrjv. 
Tov Koi redvrjcora npocrrivba 8ios A;^tXX*i;r' 
'• TeBvadi' Krjpa S' eyo) rare 8e^, 6tt7t6t€ Kev 8f] 
Zevi eQiXrj reXecrai r]8' dOdvaTot 6(o\ liXXoi. 70 

'H pa, Koi eK veKpoio epvcrararo )(iiXKeov ey^o;, 
Kai TO y avevaev eurj^ , o O ott oipav Tev^^e eavAa 
aiiiardevT' aXXoi 8e Trepi8pap.ov vies A^^aiaVy 
01 Koi $r)f]aavT0 (pvfjv koi el8os dyrjTov 

"KKTopos' ov8 (ipa 01 rij uvovttjti ye irapeaTT], ^5 

S)8e 8e Tis e'lneaKev Idav es TrXrjcrtoi' aXXoV 
" o) nonoi, T) fidXa Sr) p-aXaKarepos dp.<pa(pda(T6ai 
"EKTcop T] ore vrjas evtirprjcrev nvpl KTjXeo}. 

54 HOMER. 

'Qs apa ris enrtcTKe koi ouTr'jaacrKe Tfapaarus. 
rbv S' eVel e^fvdpi^e TroSdpKqs Sio? 'A)(ih.\(vs, 80 

aras iv 'Aj^aioiaiv firea nTepoevr dydpeveu' 
" o) (f)i\oi Apyeiiov I'jyijTopes j;Se pibovres, 
ine\ 8f] TOPS' livbpa 6€o\ dapdaairdat eScDKdi', 
Of KaKii TToXX (ppe^ev, oa oil avpnavres 01 iiKXot, 
el 8 liyfT dp(j)\ ttoXiv avu T6u;ffcrt nfiprjOfapev, 85 

o(f>pa K€ ri yvapev Tpoicov voov, ov tiu €)(ov(nv, 
J7 KaToKeiylrovcnv ttoKiv uKprjv roOSe neaoPTOs, 
Tje p.evet,v p-epAaai kol "EKTopos ovKer eovros. 
oXXn TL Tj poi ravTa ({>iXos dieXe^aro 6vp6s ; 
Kf'tTai nap vrjeacn vtKvs c'lKkavTos udanTog go 

YluTpoKKos' Tov 6' ovK imXTjaopai, ocpp' tiv eywye 
^(jiolaiv pereco Kai poL (piXa yovvar dpaprj. 
ft be 6av6vTOiv nep KaruXrjQovT elv 'AtSao, 
avTap eya) kol Keldi (piXov pepvrjcropL eraipov. 
vvv 8 ay dtihovTfs nairjova, Kovpoi 'A^aioiV, 95 

vTjvcrlp em yXa<Pvpfjai veoipeda, rovSe 8' aya>p.€v. 
rjpdpeOa fie'ya kv8os' e7re(j)vop,fv "EKTopa blov, 
w Tpioes Kara I'kttv 6ea> as eip^erowi/ro.' 

H pa, Kui'EKTopa 8'iov deiKea prj^ero f'py"- 
upcf)0Tfpu)v perdmcrSe nodcov TiTprjve rivovre 100 

fV (T(pvp6v eK TTTepvrjs, fioeovs S' e^tjnTev lp.dvTas, 
eK 8i(ppoio 8' edqae, Kdprj S' e'XKfa6at eacrev' 
e's 8i(f)pov 8' avajiai, dvd re kXvtci rev^e' delpas, 
pdan^ev p eXdav, to) 8' ovk ('iKovre Trereadrju. 
TOV 8' Tjp ekKopevoio KoviauXos, dp(]ii 8e ;^aiTat 105 

Kvdveai irLTvavTo, Kdprj 8' dnav ev Kovirjaiu 
Kf'iTo ndpos )(apiiv' Tore be Zevi bvapeveecraiv 

ILIAD. i;i; 

daiKev ueLKicraaadai (rj iv naTpidi yairj, 

'ill Tov jiev KeKoviTO Kaprj dnav' rj 8e vv fJ-rjrrjp 

TtXXe K6p.T]v, OTTO Se Xinaprjv eppiyJAe KokvnTprjv i \ o 

Tr]\6(J€, KaKvcTiv ti pc'ika fjieya ttcuS' ecriSovaa. 

(ffKo^iv 8 iXeeLva Trarijp (f>lXos, dp(f)\ Se Xaoi 

KcoKVTM T e'l^ovTO Koi olpwyj] Kara liarv. 

Tw be nakicTT ap erjv evaXiyKiop, a>s fl anacra 
Wios o(f)pv6eaaa TTvp\ <jpv)(oiTo Kar aKprji. 115 

Xaol piv pa yfpovra /xo-yts '^X°^ daxaXoavra, 

i^ikdelu pepacora nvXdojv Aapbavidayv. 

wavTas 8e Xirdveve KvXipbupfuos Kara Konpov, 

€^ovopaKXT]8T]V ovopu^cov av8pa fKacrrov' 

" ax^ade, (piXoi, Kai p.' oiov eucraTe, KrjhdpevoL irep, 1 20 

f^eXdovra noXrjos 'iKiaB' eVi vijar ^A^aimp. 

Xitracap. avepa tovtov drdaGaXov o^pipoepyov, 

^v TTws fjXiKiTjv al8e(T<rfTai rjb' iXerjaij 

ytipai. /cat Se vv ra>8e ttottjp roioaSe rervKrat, 

UrjXevSj OS piv (TiKre Ka\ erpecjie TTrjpa yevecrdai 125 

TpaxTi. pdXicrra 8 epol nepl TTavTav aXye' e6i]Kfv' 

Toa-aovs yap poi Tvaihas drreKTave TrjXeddovTas. 

roiv TTavTcav ov Toaaov d8vpopai dx^vpevos nep 

(OS evos, ov fi (ixos o^v KaToiaerai' A'ibos ('laa>, 

EKTopos. cos otpeXev daveeiv iv ;^epa"(i' iprja-iV 130 

Tw Ke Kopf<rcrdp(6a KXatovre re pvpopivat re, 

prjTrjp 6\ fj piv eriKTe Svadppopos, tjS" eyo) avros." 
Qs ecfiaro KXaicov, eVi 8e arevdxovTO noXlrai. 

Tpcarjcriv 8' 'F,Kd^rj dSivov e^rjpxe yooio' 

'^ reKvov, eycb 8(1X1]' rt vv fieiopai, alva Tradovcra, 135 

aev dTTOT€dvr]coTos ; o pot vvktus re Ka\ rjpap 

56 J/0 ME R. 

€v\oj\t] Kara aarv ntXeaKfo, iraan r' ovtiap 

Tpwai re Koi Tpco^^crt Kara irroXw, ol ae 6(ov &>s 

^€i8€\aT^' ^ yap Kt a(j)i fiaXa p-eya kv8os eqada 

^cooi e(j)V' vvv ail ddvaroi Ka\ fxoipa Ki;^ai'ei. 140 

' Q.S f(PaTO KKaiovcr'' aXoxos if ov ttco ti ntTTVCTTU 
"EKTopos" ov yap 01 ris irq-rvfioi a-'^tkos i\6uiv 
^yyeiX' otti pa. 01 nocrcs '4k.to6l pipve nvXauv, 
a\X' T] y icTTOP vcfiatve pv)(a 86pov vy^rTjXoio 
SiirXuKa TTop(f)vp(Tjv, iv 8e 6p6va irotKiK enaaafv. 145 

KfKkfTo S' dpCfyiTToKoiaiv (virXoKap-ois kuto Sco/xa 
dfjL(}n TTvpl a-Tijcrai Tp'nroha peyav, ocppa TreXoiro 
"EKTdpi dfppa XofTpa pn)(r]s fKvo(TTt]aavTi, 
vrjTTir], ovO (vurjdiv o piv pdXa TrjXf Xoerpuv 
Xtpalv 'Axi-XXtjos ddpaae yXavKcoTns Adjjvt]. 150 

KWKVTQV 8' fJKOVfre kcli olpa>yris diro nvpyov' 
7T)i S fXeXi^df] yv'ia, xf^pai de 01 eKnece KtpKis. 
T] 8' avTis 8fi(orj(Tii' evTrXoKupLoicri perqvda' 
" 8*0x6, 8va> fxoi en(a-6ov, i'Sw/x' otiv epya rervKTai. 
al8oir]s fKvprji onos €kXvov, iv 8' efioi avrfj i^^ 

aTj]6(ai TrdXXtrai rJTop dva ard/xa, vep6e be yovva 
Tvfjyvvrai' eyyiis 8t) ti kukov Upidpoio TtKiaaiv. 
a\ yap dir ovaros (ir) epfv eiros' dXXa pdX aivojs 
8(15(1) pi] 8t] poi 6pa<Tvv "^KTopa 8los 'A;^iXXei/y, 
fiovvou drroTpTj^as ttoXlos, T!(8iov8e 8ir]Tat, 160 

Kai 8t} piv KmuTravaj] dyrjvoplrjs dXeyeiv^s, 
tJ fiiv f)(f(rK^ fTTfl ov TTOT (fl TrXr/Bvl. pevfiv ai/8pcl)v, 
dXXu TToXv 7rpo6t€crKf, to ov p,evos ov8(v\ fiKcuv. 
ils rpapfvi] pfydpoLo 8u(T(tvto paivd8i ktj;, 
TraXXopiirq Kpa8'i'qv' dpa 8 dp(^)iTioXoi Kiov avT^, 165 

ILIAD. 57 

airap (nt\ rrvpyov re kiu ai'S/jcoi' i^ev ini\ov, 

fart] tra7TTr)va<T fir) reix^'i, top S evorja-fv 

fXKOfifvov TvpocrQiv TToXtoj* Ta;^ees- Se jxtv Innoi 

f\Kov aKr/Seo-Tco? Koi'Xat eVi I'^as A;\^aia)i'. 

TTjv fie (car d(p6uXfjiS)v ipe^evv!] vv$ e/caXv\//-f f, 1 70 

^'ptTie S' f^onia-u), dno Se -^vxrjv (Kanvaaev. 

rrjXe S' aTTo /cporoy ,3(iXe hicrfiara (TiyaXoevTa, 

apnvKa icfKpv(pa'K6v re tSe TrXeicTTjv dvadfapriV 

Kp^bffivov ff, 6 pa 01 SwKe XP^^^I 'A^poStVr;, 

^/xari Tc5 ore /[*(»' KopvdaioXos riydyeS" "EKrap 1 75 

eV SojLiou 'HeTt'wi'os', eVet Trope /^tvpta eSva. 

d/Lt(^i Se' piv y(iX6a> re (cai elvarepes dXts farrav, 

cu e p(rd a-cfiicriv elx°^ tiTvCop-evrju dnoKea-Bai. 

T) 6' eVel ovv aptvwTO Ka\ eV (^piva 6vp6s dyepBt], 

dpl3Xr]dr]v yoocdcra pera Tpcorjariv eeineV 180 

""EKTOp, eyo) dvaTrjvns' Irj lipa yiyvoped' a'urrj 

dp(p6Tfpoi, (TV fiiv iv Tpoit] Upidpov Kara biopa, 

avrdp eyco Qrj^rjaiv vno HXuKcp vXrjeaa-j] 

€i> 86pa 'Heri'coros, o p 6Tpe(f)e tvtBov ivovcrav, 

8vapopos alvopopov' ws pr} uXpfXXf TeKerrdai. 1S5 

vvv 8e (TV pivp" 'AiSao 8up.ovs vno Kevdeai yairjs 

(pX^ai, avTup ep.€ aTvyepa iv\ nevdei Xeineis 

X^]P^v ^^ peydpoiaC TTuis 8' en vrjnios auVcos, 

ov TiKopev arv t e'yo) re hvcrdppopoi' ovre (Tv tovt(0 

eaa-eai, "EKTOp, uvnap, ene\ Oaves, ovre (roi ovtos. lyo 

ijv Trep yap 7i6\ep.()v ye <pvyr] wokv^aKpvi' 'Axaiuv, 

iilei Toi TovTco ye ttovos Ka\ KT]8e oniaao) 

(aaovT' liWoi yap 01 d7rovpi](TOv(TLv dpovpas. 

Tjpap 8' op(PaviKhv Trava(f)ijXiKa iralSa TiOrjcriV 

58 HOMER. 

■navra S' inrffiVt'jfivKf, debuKfjvvrai fie iraptLai. 193 

ofvofifvos 8e T aufKTi Trai? es rrarpos eralpov;, 
nXXov fiiv )(}<aivT]s ipvav, aWov Se )(i,tcovos' 
Toiv S' eXerjcravTiov kotvXtjv tis tvtBov irTi(T)(iv, 
X^iXfa fiiv T edirjv, VTT(pmr)v 8' ovk ibirjvev. 
TOP 8e Kai up(Pi6aXr]s eK 8aiTvos ia-nx^iki^fv, 200 

X^pcriv TTfTrXrjyais Kai. ovftbeioicriv (vlcraoiv' 
' fpp ovTus' oil (t6s ye Trarrjp p,eTadaivvTai 17/111/.' 
8aKpv6eis 8f t aveiai nd'is es prjTtpa x^PWi 
Aarvavn^, os nplv pev eoG firl yovvaai rrarpos 

flVfXoV OLOV i8f(TK€ Kai oloiV TTLOVa 8rjp6v' 20t 

avrap off vnvos eXoi, Travaairo re jrrjTriaxevcov, 
fv8f(TK iv XeKTpotaiv, iv dyKaXibfcrat. Ttdi]vrjs, 
evvfi €t'i fjLaXaKfj^ BaXeoov (pTrXrjadpevos Krjp. 
vxiv 8 av TToXXa TTddrjcri, (piXov dno irarpos dpapruiv, 
A(TTvdva^, ov Tpaei fTviKXr]cnv KuXeovcriv' 210 

oios ydp (T(f)iv epvcro nvXas Kai reixfa paKpd. 
vvv 8e ere pev tiapd vrjvcrl Kopcovitri, v6acf>i toktjuiv. 
aioXai elXai eSovrat, inei Ke Kvves Kopeaoivrai, 
yvpvov' ardp rot eipar eVt peydpoiai Keovrai 
Xenru re Ka\ ;)^apiei'Ta, Tervypeva X^P^'- ywaiKotv. 215 

aXX rj roi rdSe ivdvTa KaTa(j)X(^CL> irvpl KTjXeco, 
uv8fv croL y ocfieXos, errel ovk eyKeiaeai avro'is, 
aXXa Trpof Tpaioiv Kai Tpoiid8u)v KXeos eivai." 

Qs e^aro KXaiova', enl 8e arei/dxovTo yvvalKts. 

[xxii. 297-515.] 

ILIAD. 59 


T-ivclve days Achilles viourncd for ratroclus afid dragged 
Hector in ignominy ronnd the tomb. Btit the twelfth night 
Zeus sent the old king Priam to Achilles' tent to ransom the 
body of his son. 

Tfpcov lovs Kiev oi/cou, 
rfj p 'AxtXfvs iCeaKf 8u<pi\os' ev be piv airov 
(vp\ erapoL d' dndvivBe Kaddaro' tw 8e bv o'tco, 
Tjpcos AvTo/jLfdo^v re Kai "'AXki/xos ofos 'Apjjoj, 
noinvvov irapeovn' veov 8' aiTi\riyev (t(i)dris 5 

eadciiv Kai ttivcoV ert Kal TrapeKtiro rpaTre^a. 
Toi/s 8' f Xa6' elaf'KOcov Upiapos peyas, wyx' ^' "P" '''™^ 
Xfp<Tlv 'A;(iXX^os Xd/3e yovvara Ka'i Kvat ^eipa? 
bfivas dv8po(f)6vovs, at ol TroXe'a? Krdvov vias. 
as 8' or' av livhp aTtj tivkivt) Xd^rj, os r eVi Trdrpri lo 

^Sura KaraKTiivas liXKav e^LKero hr)pov, 
dvbpbs eV d(f)veiov, 6dpfdos S" e;(fi dcropooiVTas, 
S)s 'A;^iX€t'j ddp^TjCTfV I8(bv Upi-apov deoeibia. 
6dpj3T](Tav 6e kul liXXoi, fs dWi'jXovs 8e 'ibovro. 
Tov Ka\ Xiaaopevos Upiapos TTpos pvBov eenreV 15 

'' pvr)(jai Tvarpos aolo, 6eo2s (TrieiKeX A;(iXXe{i, 
TijXtKOV (OS TTfp eyiou, uXoai f7r\ yr]paos ovdai. 
Km ptv TTov Kelvov TTtpivaieTai ap(j)\s iovTfs 
Tfipova, ov8e Tis i'dTiv dpr]V KOi Xoiybv dpvvai. 
dXX' TJ TOL Kf'LVos ye (TtBev ^coovTos QKovcov 20 

X'^'i-P^'- ^' ^^ ^^H-^j *^' '''' 'XTreTot {jparci ndpra 
u'^eadai (pIXov vlbv dno Tpoa]6e poXdvra' 
alrdp eyw Travdirorpos, eirel reKOV vias dpiarovs 

6o HOMER. 

Tfioij] fv evpelrj, roiv S ov tlvq. (prjfJii \e\e7(pdat. 
TTfDTijKOVTd jJLOi, Tfaav, UT tJ\v6ov v'ks Ap^aicoj/" 25 

fvvfaKaideKa fi.ei> jiol Irjs eV vrjt^vos fjaav, 
Tovs 8 mXXoi'S' /xoi eriKTOP eVi fxeyapoiat yvvalKfs. 
Txv fifv TToXXwy Bovpoi ApTjs vTTo yovvoT fXvafV 
OS 8f fiot OLOS frfv, fipvTo Be aarv kui avrovs, 
rov av Trp6}T]u Krdvas ap-vvofjievov Tvepl naTprjs, 30 

EKTopa' Toil vuv H-ve-^ Ikclvu) vrjas A^aicov, 
Xvaopfvos irapa aeio, (^s'pu> 8 airepeicri anoiva. 
nX\ a?8eio 6(ovs, A^tXfO, avTov t eXeqaou 
p.vr](jupLevos aov Trarpos' eyu> S' eXeeivoTfpos irep, 
(TXrjv S* ot' ov iTu> Tis firixdovtos ^poTos (iXXos, 35 

avSpoi TTaibo(l)6voio ttotI aropa Xf^p' opeyeadai. 

Qs (f)dT0, Tut b' I'lpa Trarpos ixp^ ipepov 2)pae yooio' 
u\f/-dp.fvos 8' tipa x^'-P^s dnoiaaTO rjKa ye'puvTa. 
TO) 8i pvijaapiuu), 6 pev "EKTopos dv8po(j)6voio 
KXaV d^ipa, npondpoide Trobcov AxtXijos eXvadeis, 40 

ai/rdp 'AxiXXeis KXaiev iov narep , tlXXore S avre 
ndrpoicXov' 7U)V Se (TTOVuxt] Kara, bwpar opaipft. 
avrap end pa yooio TerdpTrtTO 8ios AxiXXevs, 
[kuI 01 dno TrpaTri8cL>v f]\6^ Ipepos r;S' otto yvloav,^ 
avTiK dno 6p6vov S>pTo, ytpovra 8e ;^etpof auicrTrj, 45 

olKTfipav noXiov re xdpr], TroXidv re ytvfiov' 
Kul piv (f)a)VTj(Tas eitea nrepoevTa Trpoai]v8a' 

"'a 8eiX', rj 8r) iroXXd KdK uuaxeo aov Kara 6vp6v. 
TTbiS (rXqs (ir\ pTjus Ax"i-03V e'KCepev oios, 
dvbpos es ofpdaXpoiiij os toi TroXcar re Kai eaoXovs 50 

vitas (^efdpi^a ; aibijpetov vv toi rjrop. 
uAX' dye 8q KOT up e^ev enl 6p6vov' uXyea b' i'pnqs 

ILIAD. 6 1 


IV dvfja KaraKelaBai (acro/xfi', axvii/ifvot. nep, 

ov yap Tis TTprj^ii ireXfrai Kpvfpoio yooio. 

o)s yap (TTfKXuxrnvTO 6eoi ftftXoTfrt jipoTolaiv, 55 

^(Ufti/ a)(yvpevois' axjTOi 8f r aKrjdffi ela'iv. 

hoini yap re nidoi KaTaKfiarai eV Aios ovSei, 

Scitpoov oia diSaxrt, kokcov, ertpns df, (c'lcov' 

<p pev K dppi^as 8oir] Zevf repTriKepavvos, 

aXXoTf pev T€ KaKa> o ye Kvperai, aXAorf 6 e<j6\o)' 60 

0} 8f Ke Tav Xvypwv Sot'r;, Xco/St/toi' iOrjKev' 

Kai e KOKij ^ov^paxTTis enl x^ovu 8iav tXavvei' 

(poira S", ovTe Bfotai reriptvos, ovre fiporoicnv. 

wy ptv Kai riT^X^l' 6eoi Socrav ayXaa bcopa 

fK yfverrjs' Trdvras yap tn avBpdonovi eicfxaaro 65 

oKf^m T€ TikovTci) Tf, avaaae fie MvppiSovfcrcni'' 

Kai ot BvrjTw iovTi Stav TvoiTjaav ukoitiv' 

aXX eVt Ka\ tu> 6rjKe 6f6s kukov, otti ol ovti 

Tvaibcov ev peyapoim yovr] yevero Kpeiourav. 

aXX epa Tralfia TfKfv TTavawpiov' ovSe vv top ye 'jo 

yrjpdaKOVTa Kopi^co' eVet pciXa rrjXodi TTaTprjs 

rjpai ev\ Tpoir], ae re KrjScov T]8e era reKva. 

Kcii ae, yepcv, to Trp\v pev aKovopev oX^tov elfai' 

o<T(TOV AfCT/Soy livdi, MuKa/3oy efior, evrbi itpyet, 

Ka\ ^piyirj KaQvirepde koi ' EXXrjanovTOS dneipwu, 75 

Tmv ae, yepov, TvXotTU) re /cot vldcri (paal KeKdaOai. 

avrdp enei toi nripa rod rjyayov Ovpavicoves, 

alei TOi Trepl (larv pd^ai t dvhprtKrua'iai re' 

clvaxeo, pT]8 dXiaarov 68vp(o crov Kara 6vp6v' 

ov yap Ti npfj^eis dKaxrjpevns vlo9 irjoSf 80 

ov8e pi.v dvarijaeis' irpiv Ka\ KaKov aXXo nddrjada. 

6i HOMER. 

Tov 8' Tjjxfi^fT €~(iTa yfpav IT/a/a/xof 3€oei8r]s' 
" /IT] fif TTCO e? Gpovov i^e, ?)ioTpe(pes, o<ppa kcp E/cTcap 
ACfirat m KKialjjaiv uKr]8r]s' dWa TU)(iaTa 
Xvcrov, IV ocjidaXnolatv iSco" cru oe S/^at ajroiva 85 

TToXXa, Ta rot (ptpofj-fv' (tv Se ravS' aTTovaio, koI iXOois 
(TTjv is TriiTpiha yalav, inei p,e TTpdrov tacras. 
yavTov T€ ^o)€iv Ka\ opav cjidos 'HeXloio. 1 

Tov 8' ap vTTO^pa I8d)v 7rpo(Te<f)ri ttoSos w/cvy ' A)(iX\evs' 
" firjKeTi vvv fi eptdi^e, yepov' voeai 8e Ka\ avroi go 

"EKTopa Toi Xvaai' Aiodev 8e /xot nyyeXo^ TjX6ev 
HrjTTjp, rj p! erfKev, dvyuTqp aXioio yepovTos. 

[xxiv. 471-563-] 


Nine days the Trojans mourtted for Hector. The tenth day 
they celebrate his funeral. 

'Hmf hi KpoKOTTtnXos i<i8vaT0 iracrav eV aiav, 

nl ^ els licTTv eXav olpatyfj re (TTOvaxfj re 

iTTTTOvs, fjfjilovoi 8i vfKvv (f>fpov' ov8e TIS oXXoff 

fyvco Trpaad' dvBpuiv KaXXi^uivaiv re yvvaiKu>v, 

dXyC (ipa Kaacrdv^prj, iKfXri ^pvcrerj A(Ppo8iTr], 5 

TltpyapLOV elcravajSacra (^iXov Trarip flaevorjaeu 

faranr tv ditppoi, KTjpvKa re doTujBouiTrjv, 

t6v 8" up' ((f) fjp^iovcou i8e Kttpevov iv Xexetcrcriv. 

Ka>KV(rev t ap' eneira, yiyu>vi re trav Kara octtv' 

" ox/'fcr^f, Tpwfs KOI Tpad8es, "'EKTop lovTfs, lo 

ei TTOTf Ka\ fcooiTi p-axT)S eKvocTTrja-avTi 

Xaiptr', fVet ptya )(dppa TroXft t fjv navTi re 8rjpa). 

Qs f(paT , oi/hf Tis avTu6 eVt TrroXei XtTrer uvqp 
oiiSe yvvrj' ndiTus yap dii<T)(fTOP iKero nfvOos' 

ILIAD. 6?, 

ay)(^ov Se ^vfi^XtjiTO Trv\da>v vfKpbv ayovTi. i ;; 

rrpcoTat tov y aXo^os re (^iKrj koi irorvia fi-rjrrjp 

riWecrdrjV, en lipa^av ivrpo^ov di^aaai, 

anropevai. Kf(paXTji' KXalav 8 ap(pi(TTaff o/xtXoy. 

Kai vv Ke 6)7 npoTrav rjpap e'y rjiXiov Kara^vvra 

"EKTOpa baKpv X'^^vres obvpovro npo irvXawv, 20 

61 pr] up eK bi({)poio yepwv Xaoicn p€Tr]v8a' 

" e'l^are poi ovpevcn 8ie\6fpeV avrap fireira 

acreirde K\av6po1o, tTrrjv dyaycopi 86pov8e." 

'Q.S e(pa6 , 01 8e budT-qcrav Koi el^av aTTr^vrj. 
ol 8 67ret elaayayov kXvto. 8a>paTa, tov piv eneira 2c, 

rp-qriHs iv Xf^^ecrai Oiaav, Tvapa 8' fiaav doi8ovi 
dprjvcov i^dpxovs, ol re arovoeaaav doi8T]v 
01 pev 8ri 6pr]veov' (lii 8e arevaxovTO yvvaiKes, 
rfiaiv 8 'AvSpopd^'T} XevKokevos ^jp^f yooio, 
"EKTopos dv8po(p6voio Kap-q pera x^ptrlv exovcra' 30 

" avfp, air aiwvos veos wXeo, Ka8 8e pe XW^^ 
XfiTreis iv peydpoiai' Trd'is S" en vtjnios avras, 
ov TfKopev (TV T eyoi re 8v(Tdppopoi, ov8i piv o'lat 
fj^r]p l^eadai' Trplv yap ttoXis fjbe Kar uKprjs 
TTepcreTM' rj yap oXcoXas itrnTKOTTOs, os re piv avrfjv 7,e, 

pvaKev, fx^s 8' dXoxovs Ke8vas Ka\ vfjiria TeKva' 
at 8r] Toi rdxa vrjvcnv oxT]^ovrai yXa(pvpfjiTLV, 
Koi pev eyo) pera rrjai.' cri) 8 av, tckos, rj ipoi avTj] 
ev/^eat, ev6a k(v epya deiKta ipyd^oio, 

ddXevav irpo IwaKTos dpeiXixov' rj tis 'Ap^ntwi' 40 

pL\j/ei x^i^p^s fXu)v diTo TTvpyoVj Xvypov oXedpov, 
Xadpfvos, w 8r} ttov d8(X(p(ov eKTavev''EKTap 
fi TvaTep r)e Ka\ vlov, eVei pdXa ttoXXoi 'Axaiaiv 

64 HOMER. 

"EKTopos fv TTaXdfiTjcriv 68a^ fXov acnrtrov cvSai. 

oil yap nfiKi^os eaKe ttottjp Teos eV dai Xvyp;i' 45 

Tco Kai fiiv Xao\ pev 68ipovTai Kara aarv, 

app'qTov hi TOKeicTL yuov Koi nfvdoi edrjicas, 

'KKTop' tpoi Be fiaXiaTa XeXfixj/erai tiXyfa Xvypa' 

oil yap fioi BvijCTKoyv Xe^ecov i< ^elpas operas, 

ov8e tI pot, etnas ttvkivov e'lros, ov re k(v aie\ 50 

pepvifprju vvKTas re Ka\ rjpaTa 8aKpv xeovaa. 

' Qs ecparo /cXai'oucr', eVi 8e (jrevaxovTo yvva^Ket. 
Tijaiv 8' avO' 'EkuiStj d8ivov e^rjpx^ yomo' 
""Eicro/3, e'/xw 6vpci TvavTuiv ttqXv (piXTare TratScoi', 
^ pev poi fcooy Trep ioov (})iXos Tjada QeoicnV 55 

<)t 8' (ipa treO Kr)8ovro Ka\ iv davdroio nep a'laf). 
uXXovs pev yap Tral8as fpovs noSas co/cvs A;((XXeiiy 
TVfpvavx ov Tiv eXecTKC, Tif prjv aXos arpvyiToio, 
es 2iifiov fs T lpl5pov Kal Arjpvov dpLx^aXofcrcrav' 
(Tfv 8' eVei e^fXero yj^v^rjv ravarjKU. ^^qXkw, 60 

TTukXa pvard^faKev fov irepl arjp irdpoio, 
llarpoKXav, rov i'TTf(})V€5' dvf(TTTj(T(v 8i piv 0x18 cos" 
vvv 8f poi ipcrr)fis /cm Trp6(T(f)aT0S iv ptydpoKTiv 
Keirrai, tw ik(Xos ov t dpyvporo^os AnoXXuiv 
ois dyavois (ifXetao'iv eVoi^^d/iifi/oy KaTeTrecf)vev. 65 

Qy f(f)aTo KXaiovaa, ydov 8 aXiacrrov upiviv. 
Tji<n. 8' (7T(i6' 'EX/i/j; TpLTaTT] f^rjpxe yooio' 
""EKTOp, (put 6v(xa> 8a(pa>v ttoXu (PiXrarf navroiv, 
?! ptv poi TTocris iariv ^ AXe^avhpos 6foei8i}S, 
or ^' ayaye Tpnirjv8^' w? 7rp\v wfjxXXov oXtadat. 70 

17^17 yap vvv px)i to'8' itiKoarbv froi errTiv 
i^ ov KfWfv (^T}v Ka\ fpjjs uTreXifXvBa TrdrpTjs' 

ILIAD. 65 

dXX' ov TTca (T€i) uKOvaa KaKov eVos ov8 aavcprjXov' 

dXX' ei Ti'y fxe Koi nXXoy fv\ fjieyupoKTiv (Vitttoi 

daepcou fj yaXocov rj (Ivarepcov evniirKav, 75 

fj iKvpr) — eKvpos Se ivarrjp u)s rjirios aiei — , 

dXKa (TV Tov y ineeacn 7rapai<pdp€vos KarepvKes 

ajj T ayavocppodvin] koi crols ayavdis emeacnv. 

TW ae ff afia KXai'o) kol ep.' appnpov a^vvpevrj Krjp' 

ov yap Tis poi er aXkos eVt Tpoir) evpar] 80 

^TTios ov8e (piXos, jravres 8e pe 7re(f)piKa(TLV. 

'iis e(j)aTo KXalova, fnl S' ecTTeve drjpos aiTfipav. 
Xaolaiv S' o ytpoov Tlpiapos ptra pv6ov i'enrev' 
" a^ere vvv, Tpcies, ^vXa aarvhe, pj]8e tl dvpa 
SeicrrjT 'Apyfiuv ttvkwov \6-)(ov' rj yap 'Ax^KXevs 85 

irepirayv p^ a)S' eVereXXe peXaivaiov otto vt]S>v, irp\v ■nrjpavieiv, npLv ScoSeKUTT] poXu rju)i.' 

^Qi €(pa6\ 01 S' VTT dpa^rjaiv ^oas T]p.i6vovs re 
^evytwcrav, aiyl/^a S' enfiTa irpb aarens rjyfpeOoPTO. 
evurpxap ptv tol ye dyLPeov aumrov vXrjv' 90 

dXX' ore fiij heKarq f(pdvr] (paecrlpjSpoTOS rjus, 
Koi TOT ap e^i(j}€pov Opaavv "EKTOpa SciKpv )(eovTes, 
iv hi TTvpfj vnaTT] vfKpov Bicuv, ev d ejHaXov nvp. 
rjpos S' rjpiyeviia (pdvr) po8oddicTvXos rjaii, 
T^pos ap' dpcfn TTvprjv kXvtov "EKTopos eypero Xaos. 95 

\avTap 67rei p fjyepdev opriyepefs r iyevovTo^ 
TrpS)Tov piv KOTO. TrvpKaif]v a^eaav aidoTTi oiva 
ndcrav, ondacrov iireaxe nvpos ptvos. avrap eneira 
ooTfa XfVKLi XiyovTO KaaiyvrjTOi, 6 erapoi re 
pvpoptvoi, daXipbv be Karei^eTO BaKpv Tvapticciv. xco 

Koi rd ye ;(pDCTei)jy e's XdpvuKa QrjKav ekovres, 


66 HOMER. 

TTopipvpeois TreVXoiort KaXv\l/avT(s [iaXaKoicriv' 

ai\l/a 8" lip €9 Koikriv Kunerov Bfcrav, avTup inrepdev 

TTXJKvoicnv \aecrai, KareaTopeaav fieyuXotcnv. 

plfi(j)a Se (TTJn e^eaV nepl 8e (TkottoI uuto iravrr], 105 

p-r) npiu €(^opprj6a.iv eiJKvrjpibes A)(aioi. 

y^evavres 8e ro (rtjpa irdXtp kIov' avrap eneira 

ev crvvnyfipopevoL 8aivvvT eptKvdea baiTa 

8oi)pa(rti> iv Upidpoio 8torpe0€or ^aaiXrjos. 

Qs 01 y djx(f)UTrov Tu(pov "EKTopos ImroSdpoio. 1 10 

[xxiv. 695-804.] 



In the tenth year from the fall of Troy, when the other 
chiefs of the Greeks had reached their homes, Odysseus still lay 
in Calypso'' s island, all his companions lost, himself hopeless 
of return. Bnt tvhen the destined time was come, at the 
bidding of Zeus, Calypso helped him to a raft and a fair wind 
homezvards, and on the tzuentieth night, shipwrecked and 
naked, but latided at last and safe from Poseidon's wrath, he 
slept on the shore of Scheria. The next day Naiisicaa, 
commanded by Athene in a dream, came down ivith her 
maidens to wash, and taking pity on him led him to her 
father s house. 

TT]d6(rvvos 8 ovpo) TreTua iaria Slos 'Odvaaevs. 
avrap 6 nr]8akici} Wiivero Te^vT]evTa)S 
TjfjLevos' ov8e ol vttvos inX ^XecfiapoKTiv ennrTev 
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"ApKTov 6 , T]v Koi apa^av iiriKk'qcnv KoXeovaiv, s. 

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enra 8e koi 8e*ca fiev TrXe'fj/ TJpara Trovronopevcov, lo 

F 2 

68 HOMER. 

oKTcoKaiSeKiirv Se <^avr] opea (TKioevTa 

ydirjs <l>aLr]Ka)v, 061 r liyx>-(TTov ireXev aiira' 

61(7070 8' a)f OT fpivov iv rjepoeiBiL novra. 

Tov 8' (^ AWiuttuv dvicov Kpe'iuiv evoaixdo)v 

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" w TTOTTOi, T] fxaXa Btj fifre^ovXeva-au 6eo\ oXXwy 

djLi0' 'Obvarji ififio puT AWioneacnv ioPTOS' 

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iK(^vyUiv p.(ya nelpap vi^vos, fj piv Uavei. 

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^Qs eiTToov (jvvayfv ret/jeXn?, erdpa^e Be tvovtov 

Xfpo-\ rpiaiunu eXwv, TTdans B' op66vvev deXXas 

TTam-oioiV dueptou, (tvv Be ve(j)eeaai. KuXv^ev 25 

ya'iav Ofiov ku\ ttuvtoV opapei S' ovpavdOev vv^. 
a-i/p 8' Evpos re Notos t 'eirefrov Zt(f)vp6s re Bi (raris 

Koi Boperjs aldpr]yeveTT]s, p.eya Kvp.a KvXivBayv. ' 

Koi TOT 'OSi/o-o-^oj XvTO yovvara Ka\ (f)iXov rjTup, 

oX^fjO-as 8' upa elire npos ov fityaX^ropa BvpttV 30 

" w p.01. eyo) BeiXoi- tL vv \).oi pijKiara yfvr)Tai ; 

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{j p.' e<t)aT' iv TTOVTM, nph iraTpiBa yalav keadai, 

rTXye' dvairXljaeiV to. Be Brj vvv Trdvra reXe'iTai, 

oloiaiv veffitea-at TrepiarTeCJ^ei olpavov elpvv 35 

Zeiii, eTupa^e Be novrov, eiricrnepxovcn B' aeXXai 

TTavTo'iav dvepoiV viiv poi aoos lunvs oXeapos. 

Tpii puKopes Aavaol koi rerpdKis, oi tot oXovto 

Ipoirf iv evpfij], xa/J'" 'ArpuBrjat (})(povTes. 


ws 8r] (yu) y ocfifXvv Bavteiv Koi TroTfiov iTTicriTelv 40 

rjfiart rw, ore ^01 TrXflcrroi ^oKKrjpfa Sofpa 

Tpw€$ intppf^av 7T(p\ TlijXcioyvi 6av6vTi. 

TW K eXaxov KTtpiav, Kal ptv k\(os ijyov A)(aioi' 

vvv 8e fjLf XfvyaXeoj BavaTco (ipapro aKoJvai. 

'Qs apa p.iv elnovr 'fKaafv p-eya Kvpa Kar uKprjs, 45 
8ftv6v iivecrcrvfifvov, Trepi 8e (T)(f8iriv eXeXi^ev' 
TTJ\f 8 and axf8ir]s avros neae, nrjbdXiov 8e 
e< x^ipcoi' npof'rjKe' pecrop 5f 01 larov i'a^ev 
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TT]Xov Se (TTTelpov Koi eiTiKptov tpnfcre ttovtco' 50 

TOP 8' lip' VTTo^pvxa drjKe ttoXvv ;^pdj'oi', ov8 e8vvaadrj 
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fv pecTiJT] 8e Kaffi^e reXos davdrov aXfeivcov. 
Trjv S' (CJ)6pei peya Kvpa Kara poov evOa Koi ev6a. 
ms 8' 6t OTTcapivos Bope'rjs (popejjcriv oKavdas 60 

ap 7T€8lov — nvKivai 8e irpos aXXjfXrjaiv e'xovTai — 
a)S TTjv ap neXayos avepoi (jiepov evda koi ev6a. 
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uXXoTf 8' avr' 'Evpos Zf(f)vpoi f'l^acrKe 8io}Keiv. 

Tov 8e Idev Kd8pov OvydTTjp KaXXi(70i'poj 'ivw, 65 

AevKo6(Tj, t] T7p\v ptv erjp jipoTos av8rj€(r(Ta, 
vvv S' uXos iv TTfXdyeacn. Oeav i^tppope Tiprjs. 
ij p 'o8v(Trj^ iXfrjatv dXapevop, ciXye exoPTa, 

70 HOMER. 

AWvIi] 6' f'iKvui TTOTi] (ivebvaeTo Xifiviji-, 

tff 8' eVt (Tx^^^fji TroXvSecTjUov, etTre re fivdov' 70 

" KdfifjLope, TLirre roi &)Se Ilofrf iSi/oJi' ivo(Tlx&<^^ 

uibvaaT eWayXco?, ort roi /c(jk« ttoXXo cfivrevfi ; 

oil fiiv Bt] ae KaTa(p6i.(Tet, fiaXa irep jifveaivo)!/. 

«XXo /xdX' 2)S' fp^ai' 8oKieis fie /iOi olik aivLVvacTfiv. 

flfjLara Taiir' uTroSvs cr;(e8a;r dvefj-oiai (fyepeadai 75 

kciXXitt', drop x^'ipeaai i/eo^i' (TrifxaUo voarrov 

yalrjs <I>fit?;/ccoi', o^t TOi /ioip e'o-rii' dXu^at. 

T^ 8f, ToSe Kprihfp.vov vno arepvoio Tuvvcrcrai 

(ifi^poTOV' ov8f Ti Toi nadeeiu 8eos ov6 diroXetr^aj. 

avrap enr]v x^lpedaiv ftfid'^eai rjirtipoio, 80 

ayjr dno\vaufj.evns ^akeeiv els o'lvoTra ttovtov 

TToWov ott' 7]TV(ipov, nvToi S dTTovoacpt, TpanecrBai. 

'Qs apa (pcovrjaaaa 6ed Kpi'jBffxvov eduKev, 
avTT] 6' Hx//- es TTOVTOV ibva-fTo Kvp.aivovTa 
aWvir] ('iKvla' fxiXau Se e Kifxa KuXv^ev. 85 

avrdp 6 pfpprjpL^e TroXvrXas Bios OSucrerevs, 
dx6y]<Tas 8' (ipa fijre 77pos ov ixeyaXrjTOpa 6vp.6v 
" a> fj.01 iy(o, fiT] r'ls p.01 ii^alvrjcnv bokov avre 
dBavaTwv, oxf p.( axibirjs dTrofSrjvai avayei. 
aXXd /idX' ov TTO) TTficrofji', end fKcis ufjidciKnolaiv 90 

yaiav iyuv Ihojxrjv^ 061 fxoi ({)uto (pv^inov eivai. 
dWii /idX' wS' tp^ta' doKiei B( fxoi fivai ("ipiarov. 
o<^p' av ixfv Kev bovpar ev dppopifjaiv dprjprj, 
t6(})p' ai/TOV fifvea Ka\ TXrjcrofiai ilXyta mi(T)(<^V 
aiirap tnrjv 817 ^ot (TxebiTju 8ia Kxipa rivd^rj, 95 

vrj^ofi, tVel ov ix(i> ti ndpa Trpovorjaai afifivov. 

Eioy 6 Taxi6^ wp/xati/e Kara (ppivci Kin kcitu dvfxov, 


wpae S iiti fxtya KVfia YloaeiSdcov fvoaixBaiv. 

beivov T dpyaXtov re, KUTTjpecjits, fjXacre d avTov. 

wr 5 (ive/xos ^arjs ijicov Orjpuiva Tivd^r] 100 

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6)s Tijs Sovpara paKpa SucrKfSacr' aiirap 'OSvaaevs 

ap(j) evi Sovpari (iaive, KeXrjB' cos imrov eXavvcov, 

tipara S' e^anedvue, tcI ol Trope 87a KaXv\|/'a). 

avTiKa 8e Kprjhipvov vno (rrepvoio ravvaatv, 105 

avTos 8e TTpT]vl]i oXt Kc'nnvecre, x^'P^ Trerdcraai, 

vr})(tpevai pepaais' 'i8e 8e Kpeicov fvocrlxdav, 

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" ovTCio vvv KaKo. TvoKka. TvaBuiv akoa Kara ttovtov, 

(Is o Kfv av6pu)noicn 8ioTpe(pef(TaL piyeirjs. no 

aXX 01^8 a)s ere eoXjra opoa-creadai KaKOT-qros." 

'iif apa (j)a)vi](ra^ ipacrev /caXX/Tpi;^as imrovs, 
iKeTO 8' eis Alyas, ode ol KkvTa Sw/xar' eaaiv. 

AvTap AOrjvairj Kovprj Aios «XX' eporjcrev. 
T] TOL Tcov tiWav avepodv KareSrjae KeXevdovs, lie 

iravtraadai 8' eKeXevae Koi evvTj&rjvai airavras' 
oupcre 8 eVt Kpamvov Boperjv, irpo 8e Kvpar ea^eu, 
ea)s o ye ^rnqKeaai (piXrjperpoKTC piyeir) 
8ioyevT]s 08v(r€vs, Bdvarov Ka\ Krjpas dXv^as. 

EvOa 8va> vvktos 8110 r fjpara Kvpari nqya 120 

TrXaffTO, jroXXa 8e ol KpaSirj irpoTioaaeT okeBpov. 
aXX ore 8r] Tp'iTov fjpnp eunXoKapos reXecr ^cor, 
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enXero prjpepiri, 6 8 apa (r)(e86p e'i(Ti8e ya7av 
o^v pdXa Trpo'i8coPj peydXov vno Kvparos updels. 1 25 

ms 8 or av dcTTrda-ios /3('oros TraldecrcTi (paprjT) 

72 HOMER. 

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Brjpov rrfKofitvos, arvyepos Se ol exP"^ Baipcov, 

dcrmiaLov S' tipa t6u ye 6fm KaKiirrjTos eXvaav, 

ws 'Odvael cunvaarov teiaaro yala Koi vXr], 130 

vrj)(f 8' eTj-eiyo/xevos no(T\v t]TTfipov fTn^rjvai. 

a\X ore Toaaov aTrrjv ocrcrov re "yeywz/e ^orjcras, 

Koi S17 BovTTOv iiKovaf TTori cnrikdheacn 6ciKd(T(TT]i, 

(^p6\6(i yap p-f'ya KVfj,a ttot) ^epov rjTrelpoio 

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oil yap eaav Xipeves vijaiv o)(oi, oi'S' eVtcoym, 

dXX' uKTal 7rpo/3Xr}rff eaav (TTnXddes re ndyoL re") 

Ka\ TOT Odvaarjos Xvto yowaTa Ka\ (f)ikov rJTop, 

d^^Orjaai 5' apa eiTre npos ov peydXrjTopa 6vp6v' 

" <ii poi, eVei 8fj ydlav deXnea 8o3K€v IbeaOai 140 

Zei/r, Kcu 8f] roSe Xair/xa 8taTpT]^as eTeXeaaa, 

(K^a(Tis ov TTj] (f)rupe6' dXos noXiolo dupa^e' 

fKToadev jiev yap ndypi d^ees, dpcjii 8e Kvpa 

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dyxi(^a6r]s fie BdXaacra, Ka\ ov ttco? ecrri Tr68f<T(Tiv 145 

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pfj TTOiS p.' eKJiaivovTa ^dXrj Xi6aKi ttoti TreTprj 

Kvpa pey dpnd^av' peXerj 8e p.01 eVcrerai opprj. 

(I 8e K eTL TtpoTepu) irapaprj^opai, rjv nov e<p6vp(o 

rfidvas re TrapaTrXijyas Xipevas re daXda(Tt]s, 150 

8ei8<i} pr] p! e^aiiTis dvapird^aaa OveXXa 

TTovTov (TT l-)(6vdevTa (I'ipj] fiapea (TTevu)(^ovTa, 

■qe tI po(. Ka\ ktjtos fnicraevi) peya Saipwi' 

f^ nXos, old re noXXd Tpe'(p(i kXvtos 'A/i0irptr»j' 

oifla yap as p.01 d8(i>8v(TTaL kXvtos epvoalyaios." 155 


EIos 6 Tavff wpfiaive Kara (ppe'i/a K a Kara Bvfiov, 
r6(ppa 8e fiiv peya Kvpa 4>^pf Tpr])(e'iav «V aKzrjV, 
tv6a K dno pivovs 8pv<p6r], avv S' oare dpd)(6r], 
fi p-rj eTTt <pp(<T\ BrjKe dea ■yKavKmrns AdrjVTj' 
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rrjs ^X^^^ (TT(vd)(<>>i', ftw? M^V" K^pa naprjXBev. 
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u>s 8 oTf 7rovXvTTo8os 0aXdpr]i e^eXKopevoio 
irpos KOTvXt]8ov6(f>iv TTVKivai Xd'iyyes e^ovTai, 165 

ws TOW Tvpos TTiTprjdi 6pa(Tfido}v dno x^ipoiV 
pivol dnibpv<^6iv' rbv 8e peya Kvpa KaXv^eu. 
(v6a K( 8tj 8vaTJ]vos vnep popov oSXer 'OhvcraiVi, 
ft yiTi inKppocrvvqv SwKe yXavKams 'Adrjurj. 
Kvp-aros e^ava8vs, rd r epfvyerai rjneipovhe, 170 

vrjxf ''■apf'^) ff yaiav opapevo^, ft ttov efpevpoi 
Tj'iovai T( napairXrjyai Xipivas re dakdcrcTTjs. 
aXX' ore S17 norapo'io Kara aropa KaXXipooio 
i|e vecov, rfj 8t] ot eelaaTO ^'^pos aptoTOi, 
Xelos Trerpdcov, koi in\ CTKeiras r]v dvepoio, 175 

(yva> fie jrpopeovra, Kol ev^aro ov Kara dupou' 
" kXvOi, ava^, oris ecrai' ttoXvXXiottov Be a iKapo), 
(^ievyoiv (K TTovToio UoadBdaiVos evnrds. 
alboios pep t fcrrl koi ddavdroiac dfoiatv 
dvdpcjv OS Tis iKrjTai oKaipevoi^ as koI eyw vvv 180 

crov re poov <rd re yovvad tKavo) ttoXXo poyrjcras. 
dXX' e'Xeatpe, riva^' LK€Trjs 8e Toi evxopcii. eiuai. 

'i2y (f)d6', 6 8' avTiKa navaev iov poov, earxe be Kvpa, 
■jipoaQe 8e oi iroirjae yaXjjpqv, top 8 iadaaev 

74 HOMER. 

fs noTafiov irpo)(ods' 6 b tip ji^t^co yovvar (Kap^^iv 1 85 

X(ipai T€ ari^api'is' a\\ yap df8pT]To (pikov Ki]p. 

toSee 8f XP"'^ iravra, daXaacra 8e KijKie TroXXr) 

au aro/ia re pivas ff' 6 6' tip oTrvevcTTOi Koi avavBos 

Kflr 6\iyriTTf\f(ov, Kaparos Be fj.iv aifo? iKavfv. 

dX\' ore 8r] p' npTvvvTu K(n is (f)peva Ovpas dyepdrj, 190 

Koi Tore dt] Kpr)Bfp.vov 0770 eo X€«re dedlo. 

Koi TO p.iv is rroTap.ov uKipvpr^evra p.f6rjKfv, 

ay o ecpepfu peya Kvpa Kara poou, ai\f/a o up Iva 

Bf^arn x^P'^'- 'p^^V^^"' ^ ^' ^'^ TTorap-oio Xiacr^fty 

(Txoivoi vTTfKkivdrjj Kvae Be ^eiBapov apovpav, 195 

oxGr/aas 8' apa flrre npos ov fieyak-liTopa 6vp.6v' 

*' & poi iyw, Ti TidQfn J Ti vv pot prjKicrTa yevrjrai. ; 

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ftri /x apvBis ari^rj re kokt] koi ^^Xuj iepcrr] 

i^ oKiyTjneXlris BapAaj] KeKacfirioTa Bvpov' 200 

avpr) B' iK TTOTapoii ylrvxpr] irveei T)(odi irpij. 

el Be Kev is kKitvv uvafias koi Buctkiov vkqv 

dapvois iv TivKivdicTL KaTaBpuSco, f i /xe pedeirj 

plycs K<A mparos, yXvKepos Be poi vttvos ineXdij, 

BfiBo) pi] 6r]pecr(riv eXwp Koi Kvpp.a yevapLai. 205 

Qs apa 01 (ppoveovTi BodacruTO KepBiov eivai' 
pr] p ip.(v eis vKrjv ttjv be ax^oov voaros evpev 
iv TTfpi(f)aivop(V(o' Boiovs B tip vTTTjKv6e Bdpvovs, 
i^ 6p66ev iie<})vo)Tas' n pev (fivXirjS) 6 B iXairjS. 
Tovs (J-ev itp ovT dvepwv Bidrj pevos vypov aevrtov, 210 

ovre TTOT TjeXios (\)ae6u>v aKrlaiv e'l^akXev, 
OVT op^pos nepdaoKe Buipnepes' Ijs tipa rrvKvoi 
dWfjXoKTiv e(f)vv fTTapoi^uBis' avs vtt ^OBvaaevs 


bvCTfT' u(f)Up (V (VvfjV (TTafJlT](TaTO X^P*^^^ cpiXjjdiv 

fvpelav' 0i)XXcoj' yap frjv x^cris rjXiBa TToXkf], 215 

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apj) x^ifxtpiTj^ el Ku\ fju'iXa Trep x<iXe7Ta!,voi. 

Ttjv fxev Idav yrjdrjae TTuXirXas 82os Odvaaevs, 

ev 8' upa fMecrar) XeKTO, x^aiv 8' eirexevaro (fivXXav. 

ms 8' ore tls 8aXuv cnrodifi eveKpvyj/e fifXaivj] 220 

dypov eir' fcrxo-Tirjs, <o pri ndpa ydrovei aXXoi, 

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bvcrnovios Kap.uT0i0y (plXa [iXi(f)ap' dfxffyiKaXvxj/as. 225 

Q,s 6 fieu fv6a Kudeiide TToXvTXas tlos '08vcraeis 
virvat Ka\ Kapdrco dprjpivos' avrdp ^Adfjvrj 
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01 TTpiv fXiv ttot' evaiov iv €vpvxop<o 'YTTeptir}, 
ayxov KvicXiinrcov, dvBpaiv vTreprjvopeovrafj 230 

ot crcfieas aivecrKovro, ^irjcfji Se (peprepoL fjcrav. 
fvBfv dvaaTrjaas ciye Naucrt^oos 6eoei8f]s, 
ficreu 8e ^x^P^Vj ^'^QS dv8p<ov dXcprjCTTaau, 
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76 HOMER. 

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6dp(ros evl (ppeal 6riK€ Ka\ fK 8fOs tlXero yviav. 3615 

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ov yap ^aUiKea-at /xe'Xei /3ioy ovbe 4>apiTpr], 495 

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rj Tivd nuv nXayx^tVTa Kopiaaaro tjs dno mjos 


onvssEV. 85 

avhpuiv Tr]\f8anS)v, tnu ov rives eyyvdev elalv' 

i] Tis ot ev^afievrj Trokvdprjros 6e6s rfKBev 505 

ovpavodev Kara^as, f^fi fie ptv ^jxara navra' 

ISeXrepov, €i Kavrrj nep iTTOixop^vq nocriv evpev 

aXXoBev' ^ yap rovaSe y dripd^ei kuto. drjpou 

^airjKas, rot pip pvaprai TToXees re Koi €(rdXoi.' 

S)S epeovcriv, e'/xot de k oveidea ravra yevoiTO' 5 10 

Koi 8 aXXrj vepeoS), fj tis Tuiavrd ye pt^oi, 

T) T aeKTjTi (piXcov wnrpos koi prjrpos eovTCOv 

dv8pd<ri pia-yrjrai irp'iv y ^p(f)d8iov ydpov eXde'iv. — 

|-eli/e, (TV 8' C08 epedev ^vviei enos, o(ppa Td)(^i(TTa 

TToptrris Kai voaToio tvxds Trapd narpos epaiio. 515 

8r']eis dyXaov liXcros Adrjvrjs ciy^i KeXevdov, 

alyeipoov' iv 8e Kprjvr) vuei, dp<ji\ 8e Xeipd>v' 

ev6a 8e TTarpos epov ripevos redaXvld t dXcar], 

ToiTcrov dno tttoXios oaaop re y/ycoj'e fiorjcras' 

fvda Kade^opevos pe'ivai xpdvov, els o Kev ripels 520 

a<TTv8e eXdoopep Koi iKupeda 8a)paTa irarpos. 

avTctp errrjv t]peas eXTrrj ttotI 86)paT d(P'ix.^ai, 

Kill Tore ^airjKiov 'ipfv es TrcJXti', jj6' epeeadai 

Sapara Trarpos epov peyaXrjTopos AXkivooio. 

pe'ia 8 dpiyva>T eari' Ka\ av Trai's rjyrjcraiTO 525 

vfjnios' ov pev ydp ti eoiKora roicri rervKTat 

8u>paTa ^aiTjKiov, oios 86pos AXkivooio 

rjpioos' dXX OTTOT av tre 8opoi Keicvdacri koi avXrjj 

axa pdXa peydpoio SuXdepev, o<pp' av Ikyjoi 

pr]r€p eprjv' fj 8' rjarai in icrxdprj iv TTvpos avyrj^ 5 30 

rjXdKara orpcoc^axr' dXnrdp(pvpa, Bavpa ISicrdaij 

Kiovi KeKXipevT]' 8pu)di 8e ol eiar oTTiadev. 

86 HOMER. 

evda 5e narpos ffio'o dpovos TToriKfKXiTai nvrrj, 

TO) o yf oivoTvord^ei e(f>rifievos udavaros co9. 

Tov TrapafjLfiyf/uixevos p.r}Tpbs nepi yovvaai )(f'ipas 535 

pdWdv TjftfTeprjSj iva voanjxov rjfiap idrjai 

■)(inp(i)v KapTToXipois, el Koi pdXa TrjXudev ecral. 

ei Kiv TOi KflvT] ye (f)i\a cppovericr eVl dvpw, 

eXvoipT] TOi entira <piXovs t I8efiv Kal iKeadai 

oiKOU fVKTlfXfvov Kcu (Tiiv f'j TTaTp'iba yalav. 540 

£2f tipa (fxovrjaaa ifiadev fjtdaTiyi (jiaeivfj 
fjfiiovovs' al S oiKa Xittov Trorap-oio pefdpa. 
al 8' €11 ftev Tpcii)((iiv, iv de nXicrcTOVTO Trodfcrcriv' 
T) Se p,dX r]vi6)(fV€v, oncos ap. inoiaro Tre^oi 
dp(pi7ToXoi T '08v(Tevs re' v6a> S" eVe^SaXXfi/ IpdaBX-qv. 545 
hxj(r€TO T TjfXios, Koi Toi kXvtov nXaos lkovto 
Ipbv 'ABrp^airis, iv up e^(TO 81os 'OSvcrcreuy. 
avrlK eTTfiT rjparo Aios Kovprj peydXoio' 
" KXiidi pev, alyio^oio Aios reKOi, UTpvTO>vrj. 
vvv hi] TTep pev aKovaov, (nf\ Ttdpog ov ttot uKOvaras 550 
paiopivov, ore p. eppaie kXvtos evvoaiyaios. 
8<')i p fs ^aiTjKas (piXov eXduv rj8 eXefivup. 

Oj ((par fv)(6p€vos, rov h eKXve UaXXas Adrjvr]. 

[v. 269-vi. 32S.] 


OJyssetis tells Alcinous that he is no god, but a jnortal with 
hunger and thirst, which are stronger than sorrow. 

" 'AXkiW, aXXo ri rot pfXtro) t}>pfarii'' ov yap eycoye 
ndavuToiaiv toiKa, to\ ovpavhv (vpvv ixovcnv, 


oil he'fias oiSe (jivijV, dXKa Spr^Tolai ^poToiioiv. 

ovs Tiuas vfids Icrre fiuXiaT o^eovras o'i^vv 

avdf)<ji>7rcoi>, Tolaiv k(u ev aXyeaiP Icraxraifirjv. 5 

Koi 8' ert Kfv Koi fj.aX\ov tyo) Ka/ca ixv6'q(jai)ii]v, 

ocraa ye Sij ^vfj-TrcwTa 6(u>v Iuttjtl fioyrjaa. 

aXX' e/xe fifV SopTr^crai fcurare Krjdunevov TTfp* 

oi) yap Ti arvyepr) in\ yaarepi KvvTfpov aXXo 

fTTkeTO, T] T fKiXfvae eo pvr](Ta(r6ai dvdyKj] 10 

Kui pdXa Tfipopevov koi ivi cfipeal •nev6o<: e)(0VTa, 

ws Koi iyco nivdoi pev e^w (ppeaiv, rj Se pd\ aui 

earBepevat KeXerai Koi inuiptv, eK 8e pe TVuvTdiV 

Xr]6dvei o(T(T inaduv, K(i\ (vnTXi]craadai nvuiyei, 

i/pels S' oTpvvea-dai dp r]o'i ^aivopivr)(^iv, 15 

ws < epe Tuv Bvartjvov eprjs inilBrjiTeTe naTpr}!, 

Kai nep noXXa naduvra' Idovra pe koi Xlttoi aicou 

KTrjaiv eprjv, 8pwds re Koi vylrepecfyes peya Sw/ia. 

[vii. 20S-225.] 


T/ie return of Odysseus to Ithaca. 

'Q.'i e^a6\ ol S' a'/ja iravres ukt)!/ iyevovro aiconfj, 
Kr]Xr]6pa} S' ea^ovTO Kara peyapa aKioevra. 
rov 8' avT 'AXklvoos dnapei^ero cftavrjcrfv re' 
" w '08va-ev, eVfl t/ccu epbv ttotI ;^aX»co/3aTes da>, 
i4repe<pei, tw a' ovtl TraXipTrXay^Bevra y oto) 5 

a\lr dnovocTTrjcreiv, el Koi pdXa voXXd nenovaai. 
vpeav 8' dvSpl e/cao-ro) i^iepevo^ rdhe eipco, 
oacTot ev\ peydpoiai yepovaiov aidona oivov 
ale\ TTiver epolaiv, uKovd^eade S' doidoi. 

88 HOMER. 

(7fiaTa fiev 817 ^dvco iv^earrj eVi xi^^ ^° 

Kfirai Koi xpvcros TroXuSaiSaXos aXXa re navra 

8(i)p\ oaa ^aiTjKuv ^ovXr](f)6poi. ivSdS' eveiKav' 

aW aye 01 Sw^ev rplnoba peyav rjSe \fj3r)Ta 

uvBpaKdi' Tjfji.e7s 8' avT€ dyeipopfvoi Kara d^pov 

Ti(Tup(6'' dpyakiov yap eva npoiKos ■^(ap'KTacToai. 15 

'Qf t(\>aT ^AXkivoos, Toicriv S' tTri^vdave piidos. 

0( peu KaKKilovTfi e^av ojKo'fSe eKacrros, 

^pos 8' Tjpiyeveia (pdirq poSobaKTvXos Hcos, 

v^db' fTreaaevovTO, (jiepov 8' fiirjvopa x<^\kuv. 

Koi TO. pev €V KaTidrjx Ifpbv ptvos 'AXklvooio, ao 

avTos l(ov 8id VTjos VTTO C^ya, pf] Tiv eraipav 

/SXaTTToi iXavvovTcov onore anepxt^lciT ipeTpois' 

01 S' f(f 'AX/civooio k'iov Ka\ hair dXtyvvov. 

Toicri hk fiovv upeva Upov pivos AXkii/Joio 
Zrivi Kf'KaipefpfL Kpovl8r), os iraa-iv avdaaei. 25 

pirjpa 8e KfjavTfs 8aivvvT epi/cvSe'a Saira 
repTTopfvoi' p.fTa 8e (T(j)iv fpfXnfTo delos aotSor, 
At;/xoSokos, XaoTo-t TtTipevos. avrap 'OSvaatvs 
Tj-oXXa TTpos rjf'Kiov /cec^aX^i^ rpene nap'fiavoofTa, 
bvvat. intiyupivos' 8t) yap piviaive vtecrBaC 30 

in 8' OT dur}p 86p7roio XtXaiWai, w re -rravrjpap 
vfiov dv i\Kr)Tuv ^6t oivone tti^ktov apoTpov' 
daTraaicos 8' upa tw KaT(8v (pdos ^eXtoio 
Bopnov (TTOixfdSai, ^Xd^frai 8e re yovvar lovrC 
Z)S '08v(Tfi danaarov (8v <pdos rjfXioio. 35 

ai\/ra 8e ^aif]Kf(Tai (piKTjpeTpoiai pfTrjvBa, 
'AXkii/oco 8e p('iXi(TTa Trtt/jaufr/co'/xei/oy (j)dTO piiBov' 
" 'AX^iVof Kpt'iov, TTuvTUiV dpibeiKeTi XacoVj 


TTe/iTTfTe fie anficravTis dnrjfiova, ;^at'/j€76 8 avToi' 

^8r] yap TeTeXetJTai a fioi (ptXns fjdeXe Ovfibs, 40 

iTOfinfj Koi (f)i\a Bcopa, rd fxoi Beol Ovpavi(ov€S 

oX/3ia TTOiTjaeiav' dp-Vfiova 5 o'ikoi ukoitiv 

vo(TTT](Tas evpoipt avv aprepffcrcTi (f)i\oicnv. 

vfxfls S' avdi pevovres fv<ppuivoiTe yvvdlKas 

KovpiSlas Kal TiKva' Bed S' dpezTjv ondaeiav 45 

TfavToiTjv, Koi pT] TL KUKOv peTa8fjpiov eiT], 

'Sis e(j)a6\ 01 8' apa ndvTes iitrjveov r]8 eKfXevov 
TTepTrtpevai tov ^elvov, enel Kara poipav eemev, 
Koi Tore KrjpvKa irpo(Te(})T} pevos AXkivooio' 
" HovTOVoe, KprjTrjpa Kepacradpevos piOv vflpov 50 

ndcriv avd peyapov, ocpp ev^dpeuoi Att Trarpi 
TOV ^(Ivov rrepnapfv eijv es TrarpiSa yaiav. 

'Qs (pdro, HovToiioos 8e peXicppova oivov tKipva, 
vu)prj(T(v 8 apa Trdaiv eVicrraSdi'' 01 8e deoicriv 
eanfiaap paKapecrat, to\ ovpavbv evpvv exovatv, 55 

avTodfv e^ fhpea>v' dva 8 icrraTO Sios OBvcrcrevi, 
'AprjTT] S' eV x^'P' TiSei 8enas dp(j)iKVTreWov, 
Kai piv (pcovqcras enea nrepoevTa jrpoarjvba' 
" Xalpe poi, Si ^acriXeia, diapnepes, els o Ke yrjpas 
TKBt] Ka\ fidvaros, rd t en dvQpatiToicn TteKovTai. 60 

avrdp eyu) veopai' <tv he repneo tcoS evl o'tKco 
iraiai re *cai XaoTcrt (cat A\Ki,v6a> ^aaiK'fi." 

Qs elnav Inep ov8i)i> e^rjatTo hlos OhviTcrevs. 
Tw S' apa KTjpvKa rrpoiei pevos 'AXkivooio, 
T]yela'dai eirl vrja dofjv Ka\ ffiva 6a\dcra~qs' 65 

^ApTjTT] 8' apa oi Bpcoas dp errepTre yvva^Kas, 
Trjv pev (pdpos e^^ovaav eiJnXvves r)8e )(tTS)va, 

90 // M E R. 

rr\v S eTepTjv ;^7jXoi' ttvkivtjv afi onacrae KOfxi^eiV 
T) 8 aWrj a'lTOP re (jiepfv koi ou'Of epv6p6v. 

AvTup intl p enl vrja KarrjKvdov rfde duXaaaav, j-o 
aiyj/a rd y ei> vrp, yKacpvp^ TTO^nrjes ayavcil 
8(^dpfi'OL KaTfdfVTO, TToaiv Kai ^pwaiv dnacraW 
Ka8 6' ap' Obvacrti'i cTopeaav prjyos re \lvov re 
vrjos eV iKpiotpiv yXaCpvprjs, iva vrjyperov fvBoi, 
■npvpvrjs' av 8e koi auTos i^rjcrero koI KareXefcro 75 

(Tty//' Toi 8e KaO'i^QV fin Kkrj'icriv eKacrrni 
Kocrpoi, Tidcrpa 5' eXvaav dno rpTjToio \i6oio. 
evd' oi dvuKXivdei/Td dvtpp'nrTovv ciKa irrjdo), 
Kol T(5 vrjSvpoi VTTvos €7ri ^XecpdpoKTLV fTTiTrrev, 
VTjyp(Tn<i jj8i(TT09, davdrco ay\i(TTa foiKtor. 80 

T] b\ ioar' iv TTeSico reTpdopot dpaeves lttttoi, 
Trdirres dp.' opprjdevrts inro nXrjyTJcnv ipdcrBXrji, 
vi^o(T dtipopevoi. pip<pa TTprjcrtTovai KeXevBov, 
wj dpa TTJs npvpVTj pev dfiptTO, Kvpa S' oniaBev 
Trnp<pvpeov peya dve TroXv<f)Xol(T^oio daXdacrr]!. 85 

f} be ndX' da(f)aXeci>5 6eev fpntdov' ov8e K€V iprj^ 
KipKos opapTijdfLfVy eXa(PpoTaTOs Trerer/i/wj'. 
l)i T] pipfpa deovaa Oakddcrrjs Kvpar trapvev, 
(ivhpa <P(pnv(Ta Beo'is fvaXlyKta jur/Se expvTa, 
Of Trp\v pev pdXa rroXXa ■nd&' aXyea ov Kara 0vp6u, 90 

dv8pa>u re TtroXepovi uXeyeivd re Kvpara Treipuv, 
817 Tore y drpepas fv8f, XeXacrpevos oaa enenovfifi. 

EvT darffp vTTfpecTXf (f)advTaTos, of re pxiXiara 
fp)(tTai dyyeXX(t)i> (f>dos Hoxis JjpiyefftTjr, 
TT)pos 8f) pfjaui npocmnXvaTO TrovTOirnpct vrjis. 95 

[xiii. 1-95.] 



T/ie meeting of Teleniachns and Odysseus. 

'H pa Kai copae avi^op^ov' 6 S' fiKtro Xfpcn irihCka, 
orjaapevos vno noacri noAivO lev. ovo up Atii]vr]v 
Xrjdep uTTo CTTadpoio Kiu)V Evpaios iKpop^os, 
aXX T] ye a^^edov rjXde' Se'pas S" ifiKTO yvvaiKi 
KoKfj re fieyaXrj re Kai dyXaa epya Idv'irj. 5 

(TTT] 8e Kar avrldvpov KXiairjs '08varj'i (pave'iaa' 
OVO apa iT)\epa ^os loev avriov ovo evorjaev 
ov yap TTCos navTecrai 6eo\ (paivovTai evapyds' 
aXX Odvaevs re Kvves re 'i^ov, Kai p ov)^ vXdovTO, 
Kvv^Tjdpm d ertpuxre did aTadpolo (p6^r]6eu, 10 

T] S dp' en u(ppvai pevae' vdrjcre 8e dlos 'OSvtrcrei'f, 
€K 8 TJXdei/ peydpoio TvapeK peya Tfixiov avXrjs, 
(TTT] 8e TrdpaiO' avrrji' rdv 8f npocreenreu 'A6tjvtj' 
" 8ioyeves Aaepridhrj, TTo\vpT])(av Ohvaaev, 
/jdr] vvv aw TraiSt ewos ipdo fjLTjb eiriKevBe, i ^ 

tus av pvrjaTrjpa'iv Bdvarov Ka\ Krjp apapovre 
fpXT]a6ov TrpoTi darv irfoiKXvTov' ov8' eyu> avTi] 
8r]p6v dnd a<pu)'iv eaopai pepavla pd^^eaOai" 

'H Kai ^(^pvcreiri pd08co enepdacraT 'Adijvrj. 
(jidpos fiev oi TrpcoTov evnXvvei r/Se ■)(iTu>va 20 

6riK. dp(f)\ (jTi]6ecrai, Se'pas 8' w^tXXe Kai rjlSrjv. 
d\p- Se peXayxpoirjs yivero, yvadpdi 8e TuvvaBev, 
Kvdveai 8 eyevovro yeveid8es dp(pl yeveiov. 
fj pev ap o)? ep^acra TraXti' Kiev' avrdp '08vaaevs 
Tj'iev is kXictitju' ddp^rjae 8e' piv CJiiXos vlo?, 25 



Tap^T]cras 8' frepcocre /3dX' onfiara, /i^ 6e6s fHj, HIV (p(ovr](ras f-rrea Trrfpuevra TTpocrrivba' 

" aWo'ios pot, ^f'iVf, <pdt>r]S veov rje irdpnidev, 

oWa 8e elpoT ex^'^j ''"' ''"°' XP^^ ovKtd'' opo'ios. 

rj pd\a Tis 6fds eaai, rot ovpavov evpvv exovaiv' 30 

aXX' iXt?^', tva Toi Kexapicrpeva baopep Ipa 

T)8€ xp^or^f'^ 8o)pa, Tervypeva' ^ei'Sfo S' Tjpeav. 

Top 8' Tjpfil^eT eneira TToXurXa? Stos 'OSi^o-trfvs' 

" ov TIS TOI deos elpi' t'l p ddavaToicriv eiaKdi ; 

aXXa TraTTjp Tfos dpi, Tov eiveica av crTevax^C^v 35 

Trdaxfi-s oKyea ttoXXo, j3ias vnobeypfvos dvdpcov. 
^Q.s apa (f)(x}vr](Ta5 vloi/ Kixre, ku8 Se napeiav 

buKpvov fjKe x^pdC^' "i^dpoi S' i'xe j/wXe/xes aiei. 

TrjXf'paxos S', oi yap ira iireideTO ov nuTep^ eivai, 

f^avTis piv (Tceaaiv dpeL^opfVos Trpoaeenrev' 40 

" oil a-v y 'OSuo-creus eoro-i, iraTrjp epos, dWd. pe Saipcov 

6(\yei, o(pp^ €Ti paXXov obvpdpevos (TTfvaxiC<^. 

ov yap TTCos av 6vt}tos uvrjp Tabs prjxavdcoTO 

c3 auToii ye voca ore prj 6eos avTos ineKomv 

pi]'iBici)S iBekoiV 6elr] veov t]e yepovra. 45 

rj yap toi veov T/ada yepoov Ka\ deiKea eaao' 

vvv be Beo'itTiv eoiKas, ot ovpavov evpvv exovaiv. 

Tov 8' dnapeifiopevos irpoaec})!] iroXvprjTis 'Obvaaevs- 
" Tt]\epax', ov ae eoiKe cf)iKov Trarf'p' evbov eovra 
ovTf Ti 6avp.d^eiv Trepiao'iov ovt dydacrOai' 50 

oil pev yap toi er aXXos eXevaeTai evddb' 'Obvaaevs, 
fiXX' 08' eyw TOioa-be, iraQwv KaKci ttoXXu 8' d\rj6eh, 
TjXvdov fiKOfTTo) eVfi' e's naTpiba ya'iav. 
uvrup Toi Tobe k'pyov 'Adrjvairjs dyeXdrjs, 


rj re fit Tvitov edrjKfv, oncds e6(\{i' bvvarai yap' 55 

uXXore fj.ep tttcoj^w fvakiyKiov, (iWors 8 avre 
avSpl v4oi Ka\ Kitka TTfpl XP^'- f'MC"" f'x'"'''"'' 
pT]i,diov fie dediaij to\ ovpavliv evpvv e'xovaiu, 
rinkv Kvbj]vai Bvtjtov ^porov r]8e KaKuxrui.' 

Qs apa (pcovTjtras Kar ap e^ero, Tr^Xepa^os fie 60 

ap(f)i)(ydf\s irarep icrGXbv dSvpero, BciKpva Xtl^oiv. 
dp(j)OT(poicn fie Tolaiv iiip' ipepos a>pTO yooio' 
kXoIov fie Xtyeooy, adivdoTtpov fj t otatvoi, 
(f)rjvai T] alyvmoi •ya/x\|/-a)i/u;^e$', oicri re TiKva 
dyporai i^fiXovTo Trdpos nerfrjva yei^eaOiu' 65 

S)s apa Toi y e'Xeeti/oi' vtt <)(j)pvai haKpvov et/3oi', 
KOI vv K obvpopevoiaiv e8v (jidos rjeXioio, 
el pfj TT]kfpa)(os Trpoaecpooveev ov narep aL\j/a' 
" TTOLT] yap vvv hevpo, ndrep <piXe, vrji ere vavrai 
rjyayov els 'iBdKtjv ; Tives eppevai ivxfToasvTO ; ^o 

OV pev yap ri ae TTfQov oiopai evoao iKeaoai. 

Tov 8 avre TTpoaefme ttoXvtXos fito? 'Ofivcrcrevs' 
" roiyap e'yco toi, t^kvov, dXrjQfirjv KaraXf^co. 
4>ajj;/ce'y p dyayov vaiaiKXvToi, 01 re Koi dXXov9 
dvdpcoTTOV^ TTfpTrovcTiv, OTIS (T(})eas fl(Ta(j}LKr]Tai' 75 

Kai p €v8oPT iv vrji 6ofj errl ttovtov dyovTfs 
KUTdfcrav els idaKrif, enopov fie pot dyXad bmpa, 
XoXkov re ^P'^o'dv re dXis iaBr^rd 6 iKpavTTjP. 
Ka\ Ta pev iv CTTrjeacri Beuiv Iott^ti KeovTai' 
vvu ai) fievp iKoprjv vTTo6ripocrvvr]a-iv Adrjvrjs. 80 

[xvi. 154-^33-] 

94 HOMER. 


The hound Argus ktmus his tnaster again and dies. 

\v 8e Kvcov Kf(f)a\i']v re (cat ovara Keifxevos ecrx^v, 
Apyos, Odvacrrjos TaXa(ri(f)povos, ov pa ttot uvtos 
6pe\fr€ fxev, ov8 djrovrjTO, Tidpos S' ets lXtoi» ip-qv 
oi)(€TO' TOP Se ndpoidev dyivecTKOv veoi avBpes 
aiyas fir dyporepas r;8e npoKas r;Se Xayoiovs' 5 

8ri Tore Keir dnudiCTTos dwoLxoiJ-evoio I'lvaKTos, 
iv TToXkfj Koirpa, fj 01 TTpondpoide dvpdoiv 
Tjp.i6i>(i}v re /Socoi' re Skis Ke;fvr', o(f)p av ayoiev 
bficies 'OSuccr^oj repevos peya KonprjaovTes. 
(v6a KV03V Keir "Apyo? iviTrXeios KWopaiaTeav. 10 

df] Tore y, cos ivorjcnv Obvacrea eyyvs eopra, 
ovp/j fjLev p o y (crrjve Koi ovara Ku^liuXfv cipcfico, 
aaaov S ovKer tneira dvvrjTaro olo uvuktos 
iXBepeV avrap 6 v6(r(f)iv i6&)i/ dnopop^aro tuKpv, 
pfla XaOihv 'Evpaiov, u({)ap 6 ipedvero pvOca' 15 

" EvpMi, ?! pdXa Gavpa Kixcv o8e Kelr ev\ KOTrpm. 
KoKos p.ev 8(pas fariv, drop rdSe y ov adcpa oiba, 
€t Or] Kai raxvs ecr/Cf oeeiv fin eiOet rwoe, 
Tf avrais oioi re rpaTre^rifs Kvves dvbpav 
y'lyvovT , dyXaiTjs 8 evenev Kopeovcnv avaKres. 20 

Tiv 8 dnapei^opevos irpoatcfirjs, Evpaie av^oira' 
" Ka\ X'lrjVj dvbpoi ye Kvav oSe rr]Xe dauovroi. 
fl TOi6a8' firj Tjpeu 8epas rj8e Kai fpya 
oiov piv Tpoir]v8f KiQ)v KureXfiirev OSvcrcrfvy, 
aiy^d Ke drjTjo-aio I8i>v raxyr^ra Ka\ aXKrjv. 25 


ou fiev yap rt (f)vye(r<e jBadfirjs ^evdecriv iXrjs 

KvaSaXov, oTTi Si'otro* Koi 'ixveai yap nepii'jBr)' 

vvv S" e^erai KaKurrjTi, ava^ Se ol aWodi TruTprjs 

coXfTOy Tov 8e yvvaiKfi aKrjbses ov Kopeovaiv, 

Bpcbfs S', evT av prjKfT iniKpaTiacnv livaKres, 30 

ovKiT eneiT ediXovcriv evalaipa epyd^eadai' 

rjpiiTV yap t ape-njs dnoaivvrai evpvoira Zevs 

avepos, €VT av piv Kara 8oC\iov fjfiap eXrjaiv. 

'Qs etTTQjy elariXde 86povs ev vauraovras, 
^ri 8 I6vs peyapoLQ pera pvr)(TTJ]pas ayavovs. 35 

Apyov 8' av Kara poip tXa^fV peXavos davdroio 
avTin Idc'ivT Obvcrr^a iaKOCTTUt iviavro). 

[xvii. 291-327.] 


The vision of Theoclymenus. 

Qs (^(iro '\r]Xipa\o^' pvrjo-riipa-i 8e IlaXXas 'aBtjittj 
acr^farov -yeXo) S^wf, napfTrXay^ev de vorjpa, 
oi 8 fjBrj ypadpoicTi yeXuiwv aXXoTpioiaiv, 
alpoipopvKTa 8e bf] Kpea fjcrdiov' oaae 8' apa acpeav 
BaKpv6(piv TTipTrXavTO, yoov 8' toiero dvpos. c 

Tolai 8e Koi pereenre QeoKXvpevos deoeiSrjs' 
" d 8ftXoj, Ti KaKov ToBe Trdax^ere ; vvkti piv vpewv 
eiXvaTai KecfiaXai re Trpvcrwrrd re vep6e re yovva, 
olpcoyr] 8e Se'Sr^f, deSdKpvvrai 8i Trapeuii, 

aipaTi, 8 eppddaraL Toi^oi KaXal re ptaodpai. 10 

elddoXav 8e vXeov irpodvpov, TrXet'i; 8e Ka\ avXr], 

96 HOMER. 

ovpavov e^aTToAooAf, KaKrj o (Tnoibpojifv a;(Ai;y. 

^Q.s €(j)ad\ ol S' cipa nilvTes fV avTui jjSv yeXacrcrav' 
TolfTiv ^ Evpvpa)(os UoKv^ov Tzais rjp)^ dyopevetv' 15 

' ^ d(f)paiv€t. ^(2pos veov (ikXodev elXrjXovdat. 
dXXd piv al\j/a, ve'oi, 86p,ov eWe/xi^acr^e 6vpa^e 
(li dyoprjv 'fp)((a6aij eVei ToSe pvkt\ iiaKei, 

Tov S' avTf Trpoaeeiwe QeoKXvp.fvos deoeibrji' 
"\ ov ri (t ava>ya ip.o\ TropTTTJas uird^eiV 20 

fieri poi d(p6aXpoi re Koi ovara kol n68es ap<^<a 
KUL voos iv aTTjOfacn TfTvypevos ovbev ueiKrjs. 
Tois f$(ipi Bvpa^f, (Trel voeco kqkov vppiv 
ip)(6p(vov, TO K€V ov Tis VTTtKcpvyoi ov8 aXeuiTO 
pirqarripoiv, ol 8o)pa Kar duTidfov Odvarjos 25 

dvipas v^pi^ovTfs drdcrdaXa pri)(avdacr6e. 

'Qs flniiiv i^rjXGe Bopcov ev vaieTaovrcov. 

[xx. 345-37 1 •] 


TAe slaying of the suitors. 

*Qj up (<j)av pvi]aTripes' drop noXvprjTis Otvaaevs, 
avTiK eVel p.(ya ro^ov (jBdaracTf acq! ISe Trdvrrj, 
a>i or' dvfjp (poppiyyos emaTupfvos koi aoio^s 
pTji^ian (rduvcrcre vtoy nepl KoXXoni X^P^'^^t 
a^l/as dp(f)0Tfpcj)dtv ivaTpe<^e.s 'ivrepov oius, j 

2)f up uTfp (TTTOvbris Tuvvaev piya to^ov OBvacevs. 
bf^iTfpfj b' apa X^'P' Xa/3wj/ TTfiprjaaTO Vfvprjs' 


fj S' vno KoXov aetcre, ^^fXiSovi eiKeX?; av^fju. 

fivrjcTTfipcnv S' ap' ax^os yevero fJ-eya, iraai 8* apa XP^^ 

erpdiTfTO' Zevs 8e fieyaX' eKrvne a-qpaTa (f)aLvcov' lo 

yrjdrjaev t ap eVreiTa TToXvrXay 8ios OSutrcreiiy, 

oTTi pa ot ripas ^fce KpoVou Traif ayKiiXo/nT^rea). 

etXero S' uikvv oicrrbv, o ot rrapeKeiTO rpanefy 

yvpvos' Tol 8' aXXoi koiXtjs evToade (paperprjs 

Keiaro, ra>v rax epeWov 'Ap^atoi Treiprjaeadai. 15 

Tov p eVt TT^X*' f^*^" €\k€V vevpf]v y\v(f)i8as re, 

avToQev (K di<ppoio Kadt'ipevos, ^Ke 8 o'icTTov 

avra TiTVcrKopevos, neXeKeoav 8' ovk rjplBpoTe Travrav 

TrpwTTj? aTeiXfiTJs, 8ia 8 dpirepes rj\6e 6vpa^e 

16s xaX/co^apijr' 6 8e TrfKepaxov TTpoaeeineV 20 

" TrjXfpax, ov a 6 ^elvos evl peydpoiaiv fXeyxei 

rjpivos ov8e rt tov (Tkottov ^p^poTov, oySe ri ro^oy 

8t]v fKapov ravvcou' en pot, pevos epireSov ecrriv, 

oix a>s pe pvrjcrTrjpes dripd^ovres bvovrai. 

vvv 8' &pT) Koi 86piTov 'AxaiolcTiv rervKeaOai 25 

ev ^dft, avrap eirevra koi aXXco? e'^idaaBai 

pokTvfi Koi (poppiyyL' to. ydp r dvaB-qpara 8aird?. 

'H, Km iir' 6(f)pi/ai vevireV 6 8 dp(f)edfTO ^i({)os o^v 
Trj^epaxos (plXos vlbs 'o8va(rrjos 9eioio, 

dp(p\ 8e X^'pa (pi\r]v ^dXev eyx^h "yX' ^' "P' «'L"'oi' 30 

Trap dpovov icrrfjKei KeKopvBpevos aidoiii x''^''^- 

avrap 6 yvpva)6r] paKecop no\vpT]Tis ^08va(Tevs, 
aXro S' enl peyav ov8bv exit^v ^i6i> T]8e (papeTpT]v 
lav epnXei-qv, raxeas 8 eKxevar o'larovs 
avToii Trpoade ito8<ov, pera 8e pvrjaTtipcriv eenrev' 35 


98 HOMER. 

" ovTOS fi€v 8t] a($\os ddaros e/creTeXeorai* 

VIP avre (TKonov clWov, ov ov tto) tis ^dXtv avrjp, 

(\aofiai, ai Ke tvxcohi, noprj Be fj.01 (V)(os 'AttoXXcoi'." 

H, KOI eV AvTivoco Wvvero TviKpbv v'idTOV. 
TjToi 6 KoKov aXfiaov dvaipTjtrecrdai epeXXev, 40 

Xpvafov aficfxoTov, /cat ^17 pera x^pa\v iva>pa, 
o(f)pa TTi'oi oivoio' (povos 8e 01 ovk evl 6vp<o 
pepl^Xero' tIs k oioiro per uvbpd(Ti dairvpoveaaiv 
povvov ev\ TrXeovecrcTt, kcu et pdXa Kaprepos f'lrj^ 
01 Tfv^eiv Gdvarov re kukov koi Krjpa peXaivav ; 45 

Tov 8 OSvcreuj Kara Xaipov enicrxopevos ^dXev laj, 
dvTiKpv S' aTToKoio St av)(evos tj'Xv6^ dKcoKrj. 
eKXivdrj 8 erepacre, 8f7Tas de 01 eKTrecre ^^ipos 
ffXrjpevov, avTiKa 8 avXos avd p'lvas wa-^vs ifXBev 
aluaros dvhpopeoio' Boas 8 ano eio Tpdne^av 50 

uxre 7ro8i TrXij^a?, otto 8 eiBara ;(e{)ei' epa^e' 
cnros re Kpea t otttu (fjopweTO' rot 8 opadrjaav 
pvqcTTTjpes Kara hu>pa6 , oncas l8ov tivbpa neaovra, 
eK 8e dpovcov dvopovcrav opivdevres Kara 8cbpa, 
TrdvTocre iranraivovTes eiJ8pT]Tovs Trori roixovs' 55 

ovbe nrj danti erjv, ovh liXKipov ey^os eXecrBai. 
veiKfiov 8 Obvdrja xoXcoroiaiv eirteaaiv' 
" ^elve, KaKu)S dvbpcov To^d^eu' ovkct deBXav 
aXXuiP dvTidaeis' vvv roi croos alnvs oXedpos. 
Koi yap 8fj vvv (f)ci)Ta KareKzaves os pey apicrroi 60 

Kovpav elv iduKr)' rco a ivOdbe yvwes ebovTai. 

"icTKev fKucTTOS civfjp, eTTfl Tj (jjdaav ovk edeXovra 
tivhpa KuraKTe'ivai' to 8e vtjttioi ovk evorjaav, 
cos Br] acpiv Kcii Tidmv oXedpov Treipar efp^nTO. 


Toil? S' ap' Inobpa Ibiov Trpocrecf)!] nokvixTjTn ObvtTfrevs, 65 

^ o) Kill"??, Oil jj. er ((pacTKeo vnorpcmov oi<ao iK€<rcai 

8r}fiov ano Tpdicov, on fioi Kar^KeipfTe oIkov, 

8p.aijjmv 8e yvvai^l irapevvd^fcrde ^laicos, 

avTov re ^coovtos vTrep-vaaade yvvaiKa, 

oxjTe 6eovs Seiaravres, 01 ovpavov evpvv e)(Ovaiv, 70 

ovTe TLv avBpuiTVbiV vifKaiv KaTOTTiadev eaea6at. 

vvp vp.iv Kai naaiv oKiBpov Trelpar i<prj7rrai.. 

^Qs (pciTo, Toiis S' apa rravTas vno ;^X<Bp6i/ Beos elXev. 
ndnrqvev 8e eKatrros ottt] (pvyoi aljrvv oXfdpou. 
Evpvp.aj(^os 8e piv olos up.ii^6p.evos Trpocreenrfv' 75 

" el p.ev bfj '08v<Tevs idaKrjaios dXrjXovda?, 
ravra fiev aiVi/xa eiiras, ocra pt^eaKov A^^ato), 
TToXXa pifv iv (XiyapoiCTiv aTaadaka, noWa S' eV dypov, 
aXX 6 p.ii> t]8ri Kflrai os airios en\eTo navrcov, 
'Avtlvoos' ovtos yap fnlrjXev rdbe epyn, 80 

ov Ti ynpov Toacrov K€XP'r]P-fvos ov8i ;^aT/^coi', 
dXX' aXKa (ppoveaiVj rd ol ovk ereKecrcre Kpovlaii', 
o(^p 'l6dKr]s Kara 8rip.ov eiJKTififmjs ^a(riXevoi 
uvTos, drap crov TralSa KaraKTfiveie Xo;(?jcray. 
viiv 8' 6 fiev iv p-oipi] nfCparaL, (rv 8e (peiBeo Xaaiv 85 

(rS)v' drap cipfies omaOev dpecradptvoi Kara Brjpov, 
ocrcra rot eWeVorai Kai e8r]8orai iv fieydpotcriv, 
Tifirjv dp.(f)\s ayovres eeiKOcra^oiov eKacrros, 
^nXKOv re ^(pvaov t aTToScocro^ei', ety o Kf aov Krjp 
lavdjj' Trplv 8" ov ri vefifaariTov KexokSxrdat," 90 

Toj/ S' ap" V7r68pa tScbi/ rrpoaecpr] TroKvpi]Tis 'OBvaaevs' 
" Y.vpvpa^ , ov8' et p.01 irarpaia wdvT aTroBotre, 
ocrcra re vvv vpp^ eon, ku\ e'l nodev aXX imdeiTe, 

H 2 

loo HOMER. 

ovhi K€v SiS €Ti )(e7pas efias XTj^aifii cf)6voio 

wpiv Traaav ixvi)(TTr]j)as vnep^aairjv aTToricrai, 95 

viiu vfiiv napuKtiTai ivavrlov tje fidx^ecrdai 

fj (^fvyeiv, OS Kev ddvarov Koi Krjpas dXv^rj. 

aWd Tiv oi) (peii^eadai oiofxai alnvv okedpov." 

'fir (pdro, Tav S' avTov \vto yovvara Koi (piKov rJTop. 
Toiaiv S' Eipvpiaxos Trpo<T€(f)U)vee devrepov avns' 100 

" o) (f)iXoi, ov yap axrjaei, dvrjp oSe x^elpas daTTTOVSj 
a\X' eVet eXXajSf t6^oi> iii^oov rjbe (papeTprjv, 
oidov (iTTO ^taTov TO^dacrtTai, els o Ke irdpras 
npfie KaraKTfivr]' ak\d p.vrj(ro}ii(6a ■)((ipp7)s. 
(jidayavd re cnrdcraaaBe, koi avriaxfo'de rpanf^as 105 

toiv (oKvpopcov' tnl S' avTui irdvres f')(a3p,ev 
dBpooi, «i Ke fiiv ov8ov dnaxropev T]8e dvpdap, 
e\6a>n£v 6' dva acrrv' jSojj 8 loKiara yevoiro. 
r<u Ke rd^ ovtos dvfip vvv varara To^ducraiTO. 

i2s apa (f)a>vfi(ras elpvaaaro cfjdayavov o^ii 110 

^d^Keov, dij.(f)0Tepa6ev uKaxfievov, aXro 8 en avra 
(TfJLepdakea Id^oop' o S cipaprj/ 8109 Odvacrevs 
lov dnoTrpo"L(\s (idWe (TTrjdus Trapd pa^ov, 
ev be 01 TJTraTi n^^e 6oov (SeXos' e'/c 8' cipa ;i^etpos 
(pdayavov T)Ke ;^a^aff, Trepippr]8f]s 8e rpaTre^r) 115 

Kdmreae 8ivr]6e)s, aTri 8' e'ibara x^^^t^ epa^e 
Koi Senas dpCJiiKinreWov' 6 8e x^ova rvme pertoTTco 
6vpw dvid^oiv, TTOCTt 8e Qpovov dp<j)OTepoicnv 
XnKTi^cop eTivacrae' kut 6(f)dd\p,ci)v 8' exvr dx^vs. 

^ Apffjivopos S' 'Obvcrrjos eelauTo KvBaXipoio i 20 

dvTios di^Ui, ('IpvTO 8e (jjdcryavov d^v, 
el TTws 01 e'i^eie 6vpda)v' dW apa piv (^6?) 

ODYSSSy. !ot 

'iTjKffjiaxos KOTOTTiade jUiiKutp x,aXKt']pe'i Sovpl 

utficov fjLfcraTjyvs, 8ia Se crTi]dfa(j)iv eXaaaev' 

SovTrrja-fV 8e Trtcrcov, )(66va 8 ^Xaae Travri fiercorra., 125 

TTike/jLa^os S' dnopovae, XiTrav 8oKi)(6(rKiov ey^os 

avTov iv ' Afi(piv6p.(0' Ttf pi yap Si'e nfj ris Axaiiv 

(yxos dveXKOfJLfvou SoXixockiop tj iXda-etev 

(pacryavco di^as rje Trponprjve'i rvyjfas. 

/Sij fie 6e€iVj fj-aXa S" Sxa cJyCXov Tvarep eta-acpUavev, 130 

dyxoii S" iardpevos errea Trrepoevra 7rpo(rr]v8a' 

" Si Trdnp, tj8t] toi (raKos o'mto) koL 8vo dovpe 

Koi KvvfT]u ndyxaXiiov, inl Kpordcpois apapvlav, 

avTOs T dp<f)i0dKfvpai. luv, daxrco 8e av^aiTp 

Kal r«5 ^ovKoXco ciWa' rerevx^o'dcii yap apeivov. 135 

Tov 8' dnapei^opefos 7Tpo(r£(f)r] Trokvpr/ris 08vaa€vs' 
" olcre Oeav, etcoi poi dpvveadai nap o'iaToi, 
prj p dnoKivT](Ta)(n Bvpdoov povvov iovra. 

'Os (pdro, TrjXepaxos 5e (pCXoi eneTTeideTO Trarpl, 
^^ S' 'Ipevai 6d\ap6v8\ o6l 01 kKvto. rev^ea Keiro. 140 

evdev Teacrapa pev aaKi e^eXe, bovpara 8 okto) 
Kal TTiavpas Kvveas \a\Kripeas Imrobacreias' 
/S^ 8e (pepcov, paka 8 oxa (f>LXov narep eiaa(})iKav(p, 
avTos 8e irpcoTLCTTa nepl xpo' 8vcreT0 ;^aXKoi'. 
a>s 8' avTcoi tw 8pa>e 8veadr]v revx^a KoXd, 145 

f'arav 8' dp(^^ 'OSucr^a 8ai(f)pova noiKiXopriTrjv. 
airap o y , o(ppa pip avrm dpvveadai eaap lo), 
Tocppa pvrjtTTTjpcop epa y aie\ w « fi olkco 
/SaXXif TiTVCTKopfvos' Toi 8 dyxiorivot ennrTOP. 
airap eVet XIttov toi 6'icrrevopTa apaKra, 150 

To^ov pev irpos aradpop (varaOeos peyapoio 

102 HOMER. 

fKkiv ecTTclfjievat, -rpos ivania nafxcpavocovTa, 
ai/Tos 8 afi(f) a^otcn aaKos Oero TtrpadeXvuvov, 
Kparl 8 eV l(pOifj.a> Kvverjv evTVKTov edr]Kev, 
"iTTTTOvpiv' tfivou 8e \6(j}os KaOvnepQev euevtV iz,^ 

(iXfTO 8 aXKipa 8ovp€ 8vci) KeKopvBpiva ;^aXKc5. 
* * * * 

Zv6a pevos irvelovres icpearaaav, ol peu fV ov8ov 
Teaaapts, ol 8 evroaOe 86p(i)v TroXees re Koi ecrBXoi. 
Toilai 8 en dy^lpoXou dvydrTjp Aios rjXBev 'Adrjvr], 
Meirropi eioopevri rjpev oepas rjoe Kai avorjv. loo 

TTjv 8 08vcrevs ytjOrjaej/ I8a>v, Kai pvBov eenrev' 
" MfUTop, upvvop dprjv, pvTJaai 8 irdpoio (j)iXoio, 
OS (T dya6a pe^eaKov' oprjXiKir] 8e poi icrai. 

12s (^dr ciopevos Xiioaadov f'ppev Adrjvrju. 
pvrjaTTjpfs 8 iTipuidev opoKXeov iv peydpoicriv. 165 

irpmroi TTjv y ivevme AapaaTopi8r}s AyeXaos' 
" MevTop, pt] a eVefcrcrt 7TapanT€7rl6i](Tiv 08v(raevs 
pvTjdTTjpeaai, pd^eadat, dpvptpevai Se ot avra. 
l)8f yap TjpeTepov ye voov reXeecrBaL otco" 
oTTTtore Kev tovtovs Kreoipev, Trarep Tj8e koi viov, i 70 

tu Se crv To'iaiv eneira Trecjy^aeai, oia pevoivas 
ep8eiv (V peydpois' crat 8 avTov Kpdari Ticreis. 
aiirap fTn)v vpecov ye [Has dcfxXaipeda x^aXKa, 
KTiipaG' OTToaaa rot eVrt, tu t evhoBi Ka\ ra 6vpr]cf)iVj 
Tuiaiv '08vaarjos perapi^opev' ou8e toi vlas 175 

fwfii' fv peydpoicriv edaopev, oube Bvyarpas, 
oi/8' (iXo)(OV Ke8vr]v lOdKrjs Kara ucxtv jroXeveiv. 

Qs 4'dT', 'A6r]Pair) 8e ■)(oXa>(TaTO Krjpudi paXXof, 
ve'iKfaaep 8' '08v(TTJa ;^oXcoToio'tj' erreecraiV 

OBVSSjSV. ,03 

" ovKCTi (Toiy, 'OSvo-eO, nhos ffntfbov, ovbe tis uXkij, 180 

ott] or dficf)' 'EXfVJ] XevKoyXfva fviraTepeirj 

fivaeres Tpayea-aiv efxapvao vaXefies ale\ 

TTokXovs 8 aubpas eTre^j/ej eV alvjj drjioTjiri, 

(rfi rjKoi ^ovXji IIpLupov noKis evpvdyvia. 

Tras 8f] i/vv, ore auv ye 86pov koI KTTjpaO' iKaueis, 1S5 

avra pvrjarTipau 6Xo(f)vpem uT^Kipos elum ; 

dXX aye Sevpo, Treirov, nap' e/x' luTavo Koi I'Se epyuu, 

o(f>p flSfjs oioi Toi eV dvSpaai 8v(rptvee(r(n.v 

MevTcop 'AXKipi8r]s evepyeaias diroTCveii/," 

'H pa, Kai ov noi Trdy^v 8i8ov irepaXKea vUrjv, 190 
aXX er apa crdeveos re Koi akKrjs ireiprYn^ev 
Tjpfv OSvcraTJos rj8' vlov Kv8aXipoio. 
avTT] 8 aWaXoevTos di>d peydpoio peXadpov 
e^er dvai^aaa, xeXi.86vi uKeXr] avTt]v. 

Mvr](TTrjpas 6' &Tpvve Aapaa-Topi8i]s 'AyeXaos 105 

Evpvvopos re Ka\ 'Ap<f)ipf8a)v Ai]poTTr6Xep.6s re 
Ilei(Tav8p6s re IIoXvKTopiSrjs IIoXv^os re 8ai(j)pooV 
01 yap pvTja-TTjpcov dperfj earav e^o;^' apiaroi, 
ocTCTot er e^ojof wept re ■^v^^eatv ipd^ovTo' 
Tovs 8 fj8r^ ibapaacre ^tor koI Tap(f)fes loL 200 

Tols 8 Aye'Aeo)? peTeeinev, (ttos iravTeaa-i Tncj)av(TKoiv' 
"to (f>iXoi, ^8t] cr)(r](Tei dvr)p o8e ;^6tpas daTTTOvs' 
Ka\ 8t] oi MfVToyp peu e'j3r] Keve' evypara ehrav, 
01 8 oioi XeinovTai eVi npcoTjjcri dvprjaiv. 
Toj vvv pf] apa Travrei dcpUre bovpara puKpd, 205 

uXX ayeO ol e^ vrpcoTou dKovTicraT , a'i Ke irodi Zevs 
bar] Obvirarja ^Xrjadai Kal kv8os dpevBai. 
tCov 8 aXXav ov Krj8os, enf]u ovtos ye ivearjuiv" 


Qj ecpad' , ol 8 Spa Travrei aKovricrav cos eKfXivev, 
iffifvoi' TCI 8e TTcivTa eraxria 6rJK€v Adrjvrj. 210 

Tu>v aWos fi(v aTadfxov eva-radfos iicyupoio 
^f^\f]K€iv, oXXoy Se 6vpr)v irvKivas dpapvlav 
aXXou 8' ev Toi;(G) peXir] Trecre ^aXKO^dpeia. 
avrap eVfl 817 hovpar akfvavTO p-vrjarfipwu, 
To'is S' upa pvdcop ^px^ TToXvrXay 8ios '08v<Taevs' 215 

" o) (f)lXoi, Tj8r] pev Kev iya>v e'inoipi koX a/i/iii/ 
pvrjOTTjpCLiv fs opiKou aKovria'ai, 01 pepuacriv 
r}p(as e^fvapi^M €7rt TTpOTepoicri KaKoiatv. 

''Q.s ecpaff, 01 8' apa Travres uKovTiaav o^ea 8fwpa 
avra TiTvaKoptvoi' ArjpoTrroXepov pei> ^08vaafvs, 220 

'Evpvd8T]v 8 apa TT]Xepa)(os, ' EXarov Se (TvjSwTrjs, 
Ilfiaav8pov 8' ap eneipve 0oS)v em^ovKoXos dvtjp. 
01 pev (naff apa Travres 68a^ eXov airnfTOU ouSuf, 
pvTjcTTTjpfs 8" dvexa>pr}crav peyapoto pv)(pv8f. 
Toi o ap enrji^av, vfKvtov e§ ^yX^ eXovTO. 325 

AvTLS 8e pvqcTTrfpis aKovriaav o^ea 8ovpa 
Upevoi' TO 8e 77oXXa iruxria 6rjK(v 'A6tjvtj. 
rajf aXXos peu (TTaBpbv ivaraOiOs peyupoio 
fit^XrjKeiv, aXXos 8e Svprjv ttvkivu>s dpapvlav' 
aXXov 8* (V Toix<i> ptXiT) Trecre ;)^aXKo/3a/)6ta. 230 

'Ap(Pipi8(i)v 8 apa TrjXepaxov [idXe X*'P *'^' Kapna 
Xiy8Tjv, aKprjv 8e pivov SrfXrjaaro ;j(aXKoj. 
KTrjaiTTTTos S' Eiipaiov vnep aaKOi eyxe'i paKpa> 
wpov enfypu\j/fi>' tu 8' vne pnraTo, Trinre 8' e/Jfiff. 
Tol 8' avT dpcf)' 'Ofiva^a Saicjipova noiKiXoprjT'qv 23J 

pirqcrTTjpav is opiXov uKovTiaav u^ea 8iwpa. 
tvff avT Evpv8dpavTa (iuXe TTToXiTTopdos 'OSvcrtrevy, 


' AfjL(})ifj.eBovTa Se TriXefia^os, UoXv^ov 5e crv/SwrT^y 

KTrjcnmrov 8 ap eneiTa 0oS)v fm^ovKoXos avf)p 

fiel3\rjK€i npos (TTTJOos, fTrevxopevos fie 7rpoar)v8a' 240 

" o) HoXvOfpa-elBT] (f)i\oK(pTop{, pfj ttot? ndpnav 

fiKcov a(f)pa8ir]S peya (Inflv, aXXa deola-iv 

fivoov eniTpeyJAaij eVfi 7 ttoXv (peprepol elaiv. 

TovTo roi uvri irodos ^eivrfiov, ov nor edcuKas 

uvTidea 'OSvaij'c 86poi> kot akrjTfvovTi'' 245 

'H pa ^omv fXtKatv eni^ovKoXos' avrap ^08v(T(Tfvs 
ovTa Aap.a(TTopi8r]v avroaxfSov fyx^^ poKpco. 
TirfXepaxos 8 EvTjvopiSrjv AeioiKpirov ovtu 
8ovp\ pfcrov Kfvecova, 8ianp6 8e ;(aXAc6i' eXaacreV 
rjpiTve Se TrpT]vf]s, x^""" S' rjXacrf ttovtI /lercoTrw. 250 

8f) TOT A6r]vmrj (fydKrin^pOTOV alyi8' aveaxfu 
vyfrodev i^ 6po(j)7Js' tS>v 8e (jjptves fiTTOiTjdev. 
ol 8' e(pel3ovTO koto, peyapov j3def a>s dyeXaiai' 
Tas piv T aloXos oiaTpos f<popprj6els e86vr)(Tev 
apij €V etapivfj, ots t ffpara paKpa neXovTai. 255 

oi 8 a>s T alyvmol yapyjrwwxfs ayKvXoxf'iXai 
e^ opewv fX66vT(s eV opuidecrai, dopcoaiV 
Tai pep T ev ttsS/oj ve(pea TTToxTcyovcrai levrai^ 
oi 8e re ras oXeKOvaiv indXpivoi, oiibe tis dXKTj 
yiypcTai ouSe (pvyr)' x^^povai 8e' r due pes uyprj' 260 

las apa to\ pvrjaTrjpas ineaavpevoi Kara 8wpa 
TVTVTOV e7ricrTpo<pd8r]v' tuiv 8e cttovos copwT deiKrjs 
KpaTQiv TviTToptva>v, 8dne8ov 8' awav dlpari 6vev. 

Uanrrjvep S' '08v<Tevs Ka6' env 86pov, e'l Tts er' uv8pcov 
^coos VTroKXoTTeoiTO, dXva-KCdv KTJpa peXaivav. 26:; 

io6 HOMER. 

rovs (^6 ■iSfi' fiiiXa ndvTas iv alfxari kol kovit)(tiv 

TT-fnrfaiTas ttoWovs, ci? t' IxGuas, ovi 6 aXi^er 

Ko'iKov fs alyiaXov noXirji (KToade daXtlcrarjs 

8iKTVoy e^fpvaav ttoXvcotto)' ol 8e re iravTes 

KVfxaB' akbs nodeovres enl yp^afxadoicn K/;(tifraf 270 

tS>v fxiv T rjfXios (paedav i^eiKtro 6vfx6v. 

o)? TOT apa fivrjarripis en aXki]\oi(Ti Ke)(yvro. 

[xxi. 404-434; xxii. 1-125, 203-309, 381-389.] 


The meeting of Odysseus and Penelope. 

Tfju d rjpel^fT enfira Trepic^putv TlrjveXoTTeia' 
" p-aia (f>!^i], )(aXe7r6v ere deav aleiyeverdav 
8-qvfa flpvcrdai, paXa irep TzokviSpiv iovcrav' 
aXX' fpnrjs 'lopev pera Traib ipov, o(Ppa idapat 
nvbpas pyqfTTTjpas reGvqoTas, rjb' os {Tre(f)Vfv. 5 

Qj (f)apein] Kare^aiv vnepco'ia' ttoXXci S/ oi Krjp 
(oppaiv, rj dmivfvdf (^'CKov nocriv i^epeelvoi, 
j) napcTTCKTa kikku Kaprj Koi x^'P^ Xa^ovaa. 
T] 8' eVet flarjXdfv Koi vrrep^r) Xoavov ov86v, 
t^er fnar OSvcrJ/os ivavrlrj, iv irvpoi avyfj, 10 

Toixov Tov erepov' 6 8 apa npbi Kiova paKpfjv 
i)(TTO Kara) opocov, jroTiSeyptvos fi ri piv (nrot 
l(p6ipT] napuKotTis, enel iBfu d<p6uXp(/i(riv. 
1) b uvf(o brju rjaro, rd^os 8e ol r)Top iKavev' 
oxZ/'Ci S' aXXoTf piv piv eVcoTrnSio)? itrihifTKiv, 15 

u.XX(jT( fi' dyvuxracTKf kokci XP"' fipnT exovra. 
TrfXfpax^os 8' iviviTTfV enos r €(f>aT fK t ovupa^fv' 


'' fjL^rep efXT], dvcrfJTjTep, aTrrjvia 6v)j.6v i)(ov(Ta, 

Ti(l>6' 0VTQ3 Tvarpos vo(T(f)i^(ai, ov8f Trap avTuv 

i^ofiivq fivdoLaiv dvelpeai ovSe pfToKkqs; 20 

ov pev K uXXt] y' 2)Se yvvr] t(tXt]6t(, 6vpM 

dvSpos af^ecrralr}, of oi kuko. ttoKXci poyijaas 

eXSoi eeiKocTTw eVe'i €s TrarplSa yaiav' 

(Toi 8' alfl Kpa8iT] (TTepeooTepr] e'crri Xidoio, 

Top 8 avre npocreenre Trepi(pp<t)V nrjveXoTTfia' 25 

" TfKvov epov, dvpos poi €v\ aTrjdeaai Tedr/irev, 
ov8e Ti 7rpo(T<pd(Tdai bvvapai enos ov8 ipeeadai 

) S\> t ^ Its' /3 ' ' * 5^' > ^ ss ^ 

ovo eis coTva loecroai evavriov. ti ereoc 0^ 

€(rr OdvcTfiis koX oIkov iKaverai, rj pdXa vSi'i 

yvwaopfd dXXrjXav Ka\ Xai'iov' eari yap r]p'iv 30 

ai]pa6 , a Sij /cat va>'i KeKpvppeva iSpev dir uXXcov. 

Qs (pdro, pfi8i](jev 8e TToXiirXas Sioy 08v(rafvs, 
ai'^a 8e TijXepaxov eVrea Trrepdeira Trpoai]v8a' 
" TTjXfpa)(', rJToi prjrep eVi ptydpoiaiv eavov 
neipd^fiv epedeu' rd^^a 8e (ppdaeTai ical npuov. 35 

vvv 8 OTTC pvTTou), KaKO, 8e xpo' fipara elpai, 
TovpeK dripu^ei pe Kal oi/'ttoj (pr^crl tov eivai. 
Tjpus 8e (ppa^aped onats b)^ apicrra yevrjTat. 
Koi yap Tis 6 iva (pSira KaranTeivas (vl Srjpo), 
o) prj TToXXoi ecoaiv docrcrrjTTJpes OTrlaaco, 40 

<fifvyfi TTTjovs re npoXiTTcov Kal narpiSa yalav' 
rjpfls 8 eppa irdXtjos dneKrapev, ot pey dpuTToi 
KovpoDV elv 'iddKTj' TCI 8e ae <:f)pd^{(Tdai avcoya." 

Tov 8 av TrjXepa^^os TreTTvvpevos avriov rjvba' 
" avTos Tavrd ye Xevcrae, Trdrep (piXe' cttjv yap dpidTrjv 45 
priTiv eV dvOpanovs (pdo' (ppevai, ouSe Ke tis toi 


aiCKoi ain]p eptVfif KaradvrjTuiv avOpoitrav. 
\fifif1s b e/JLfxffJiacoTfs an' f-^6jXf& , ov8e t'l (prjiii 
oKktjs 8evT]crea6ai., oarr) SvvafjLLs ye TrdpfaTiv.V' 

ToK S" drrafifilBonfvos Trpocre^r) noXvfirjTis Odvaaevs' 50 
" Toiyap eyo)!/ epeoj u>s p-oi boKti fivai apitrra. 
Trpcora p.iv up \ovaaa6f Kai afi(f)ie<Ta(Tdf xiru>vas, 
8pcous 8' ev fieyapoiaiv dvayere etp-aff iXecrdai' 
nvTup Bfios doibbs e)(a)v ^oppiyya Xiyeiav 
rip.1v Tjyficrda) CpiXoTrniypovos op^rjOpoio, 55 

coy Kep Tis (paiJ] ydpov ffipfvai e'/cros dKovcov, 
T] dv obbv crTf'i)(a>v, fj 01 TrfpivaurdovcnV 
fXT] 7rp6(r6f (cXeos eiipv (jiovov Kara aarv yevrjrai 
dvdpoyv fiVT}(TTrjp(cv, Tvpiv y ifpuis eXdeptu e^a) 
dypov €s fjp.fT€pov jToiXvdevSpeov. evda 8 eneira 60 

(ppacrcropfd' om Ke Kep8os 'OXvfnrios fyyvaXi^rj. 

^Qs f<^aB\ ol 8' tipa tov paKa piv kXvov r]8 e7ri6ovTo, 
TTpcoTo pep ovv XovcravTO kol dpcpiea-avro ^^ircovai, 
oTrXicrdep be yvvaiKes' b 8' eiXero Oelos doibbs 
(poppiyya yXacpvprfv, ev 8e a-^iuiv Ipepov Sipaev 65 

pokTTTJs re yXvKeprjS Koi dpvpovos bp-)(r]6poio. 
Toiaiv 8e peya 8S)pa TrepiarevaxiC^TO nocraiv 
dv8pu>v Trai^ovTOiV KaWi^wvav re yvvaiKcov. 
lihe 8e Tis ftntaKe 86pcov eKToadev UKOvav' 
" ^ pdXa 8rj Tis eyrjpe nuXvpvfjaTTjv ^a(riXeiav' 70 

axerXiT], oiS" erXj; Troaios ov Kovpi8ioio 
(ipvadai peya bwpa 8tap7repes, eios ikoito. 

^Qs tipa TIS e'inea-Ke, ra 8' ovk 'iaav ws ereTVKTO, 
aiiTcip '08va'(Tfja peyuXriropa w evl oiko 
'Evpvvop.ri Tapir] Xovaev /cat ;^pt(rei' eXam, 75 


dfi(p\ Se fiiu (papo^ koKop (3d\ev rjbe x^irwua' 

avTiip KCLK KeipaXfjs KaWos ttoXv )(fvfv 'A.6Tjvt] 

[fiei^ovd T elaideeip /cat ndcraova' KaS 8e KaprjTos 

ovXai ijKe KOfias, vuKLvQivut avdd Ofio'ias. 

035 6 ore Tis 'x^pvdbv irfpix^everai dpyvpco dvijp 80 

tSptj, ov "li(f)ai(TTOs SeSacf Kal IlaWds 'a6j]i^ 

T€)(yr]v TravToiTjv, x^apUvra 8e fpya reXeUf 

Sjs fJLev Tm nfpixtve X''P"' KecpaX^ re koI M/oiots.] 

(K 8 acrufxivdov ^rj 8epas ddavdroKTiv ofioios' 

ay avTis /car ap e^er tni opovov evoev avetrrt], 85 

dvTiov Tjs dXoxov, /cut p-iu -rrpos pxOov eenrev' 

'' 8aip.ovLrj, wepl aol ye yvvatKuiv drjXvrepdcov 

KTJp arepapvou edrjKav OXvpTTta 8d)paT '4)(ovTes' 

ov fiev K ciWq y a)8f yvvrj rerXT/ori Bvpoj 

dvBpos d(})e(TTair], os ol /ca/ca ttoXXo fioyTjaas 90 

eX6oi eeiKocrra ere'i es irarpiba yaiav. 

aXX o-ye /Liot, iidia, CTTopeaov Xexos, o(j)pa /cat avTos 

Xe^ofiai' rj yap T^ye (nSrjpeos iv (ppecri dvfios." 

Tov 8 aire irpotreenre iTfpi<pp(i)U UTjveXoTTfia' 
" Baipovi , ovT ap ti fieyaXi^ofxat ovr a6(pi^(o 95 

o{jT€ XiTjv dyapai, pdXa 8 ev 018 olos eTjada 
f^ iddiajs fTTi VT]6s icov toXixrjpeTpoio. 
aXX dye oi aropecrov ttvkivov Xe^os, "EvpiiKXeia, 
f'/cros ivaraOeos daXdpov, tov p avros erroiei' 
evQa 01 eKde'iaai ttvkivov Xe^os ep-^dXer evvrjv, 100 

Kaea /cat ;^Xat'fas /cat prjyea (TiyaXoevTa. ' 

'Qs ap' e(f}T] TTOcrtoj neipopevr]' avrdp OBvacrevs 
oxdjjo'as dXoxov npoaecpcovee Ke8i>d i8viau' 
" a> yvvai, f) piaXa tovto eWos dvpaXyii eeiTTfS" 

no HOMER. 

TLS Se /ioi aXXoo-f 6rJKf A6;^of ; )(aXf7r6u 8e K(v etr] 105 

Koi ixaX iniaTafjLfvo), ore fxij 6e6s aiiTos (ireXduiv 

avSpcov 8 ov Kiv Tis ^ojoi fipoTos, ovKk jiak fjl3a)v, 
pua pi€TO)(ki(T(Tiifv, ene\ ptya (jripa rervKrai 
iv Xf'x^' dcTKrfTU)' to 8 f'yo) Kdn<iv ovSe rts (iXXos. iio 

ddfivos e(f)v ravv(})vX\os eXairjs epKfOs euros, 
aKfiTjvos BaXfdcov' 7r«;(eTos 8 rjv rjvre kicov. 
TO) b' iyu) (ip<f)iliaXa)v 6aXap.ov Bepov, o(f)p fTeXerjaa, 
7rvKvfj(Tiu Xiddbeaai, koi ev KaOvnepOev epe'<j/-a, 
KoXXrjTUS 8' eTredrjKa 6vpas, ttvkivws dpapvias. II5 

Koi TOT i'neiT amKO'^a Koprjv Tavv(})vXXov eXatr/r, 
Koppov S' 6K pi-C^S npoTapwv dpcjie^eaa ;^«Xkc5 
iv Kcii (TTicrTapfVcas, kol enl (iTddpr^v Wvvn, 
ipplv da-KTjcras, Terprjva Be ndvTa Teperpa. 
eK be Tov dp^dpevos Xe^os f^foc, b(f)p ereXeacra, 120 

baibdXXcov ;^pTJcrc5 re /cat apyvpa j;8 eXf(pavTf 
eK h' eTavvaaa IfidvTa ^oos (f>0LVLKi (paeivov. 
ovTco Toi Tobe crrjpa 77i(f)avaKopai' oi/be ti olba, 
T] pot er epnehdv e'crri, yvvai, Xe^os, rje tis rjbr] 
dvbpa>v (iXXoae BrJKe, Tcipwv vtto ivvBpev eXairjs. 125 

'S2s (puTO, Trjs b' airov Xvto yovvara kul (f>ikov fjrop, 
arjpaT dvayvo(aT)s t« ol epireba TrecfjpaS" Obvaaevs' 
buKpv(Ta<Ta b' e-rreir' Wvs bpdpev, dp(f)\ be ;;^et/)as 
beipfi j3dXX' 'Obvafjl' Kaprj b' eKvcr r]be Trpoa-rjvba' 
" fifj poi, 'Obvcraev, crKv^ev, inel rd nep aXXa puXiaTu 1 30 
dvdpunroiV TTcmrudo' 6eo\ b oiTra^ov d'i^vv, 
01 vwiu dydcravTO Trap uXXrjXoiai pevome 
rjfirjS Tuimrfvai ku\ yrjpaos ovbov iKevdiu. 


avrap fifj vvv fioi roSe ;^a)€0 ^r]8e vffieiraa, 
ovveKa a ov to irpwTov, eVet tSoi/, a)8* aydirrjaa. 135 

alei yap fioi 6vfi6s eVi aTTjOfacri (filXoicriv 
fppiyei pLT] ris /xe jSporcof aTrdcpoiT enee(raiv 
fX6a>v' TToXXot yap koku Kep8ea ^ovXtiiovcriv. 
[oiifie Kev 'Apyfir} 'EXevrj, Aios iKyeyavIa, 
avbp\ Trap aXXoSaTrw f'piyr] (piKorrjTi Kal evvfj, 140 

ft y]8t] o piv avTiS 'Aprfioi vies 'Axaicbv 
d^epei'ai oUofbe (jiiXrjv e's Trurplb' e/xeXXoj/. 
Tiji/ ^roi pe^ai Oeos uipopfv epyou aetKes' 
TTfv 8' a-njv ov npoadfP ew eyKUTdiTO 0vpa 
Xvypfjv, i^ Tjs irpcoTa Koi rjpeas "iKero Trevdos.^ 145 

vvv 8 , fVet ^'8t] (TTjpaT dpKppaSea KareXe^as 
tvPTJs fipereprjs, rjv ov jSporos a'XXoy djTairei, 
aXX oloi (TV T iyu) re koi dpcpliroXos pla povvrj 
AKTopls, fjv poi fiwfce TTarfjp ert devpo kioxktj], 
Tj vwiv e'lpvTO 6vpas ttvkivov daXdpoio, i-o 

ireidfis 8tj pev dvpov, drrrjvea irep patC iovra" 

'Q,s (paro, ra 8 en paXXov v(p' Ipepov u>pae ydoio" 
KXaie 8* €)((ov aXo^^oj/ dvpapea, iceBva 18vlav. 
COS 8 oT av aandaios yrj vrjx^opfvoicn (bavrjjj. 
6)v Te IlocreiSdcoj/ evepyea vi] ev\ ttovtq) l k c 

paia-j]^ ewfiyopevrjv dvepco Kal Kvpari Trrjya' 
TTavpot 8 €^€(f)vyuv TToXirjs dXos T]Trfip6v8e 
VTj^opevoi, TToXXf] 8e nepl XF"' rerpocfiev aXpr], 
acnrdfrioi 8 ine^av yairjs, KaKOTrjra cfivyovrei' 
o)s apa Tp aairaa-Tos erjv irocris flcropocoajj, 260 

SeLprjs 8 ovTTco ndpnav dcpiero 'irrj)(fe XevKa. 
KM w K 68vpopkvoi(n, (f)dvrj po8o8dKTvXos 'Hojf, 

112 HOMER. 

el fXT] ap aXX ivoriae dea yXavKanis 'Adrjvr], 

irvKxa fiev iv TrepaTtj 8o\ix^v a-^ediv, 'Hei 8' avTf 

pvaar iir 'QKeavS xpiJcrodpovov, ovb' ea Ittttovs i6= 

fevyw;cr5' wKVTroSay, (^aos avBpunvoim (f)epovTas, 

AapiTov Koi <i?ae6ov6 , oi r Hco ttmXoi ayovcriv. 

Koi TOT ap i]v akoxov Trpoaecpr) TroXvprjTis 'Odvaaevs' 

" S) yvpat, ov yap ttw Tvdvraiv ewl Treipar de6\<ov 

rjXdopiv, dXX CT omaBev apeTprjTos irovos eorat, ij'o 

77oXXor Koi xaXeTTOs, Tov epe xph "i^dvTa Tekecrcrac. 

&)? yap poi "^vxT] pavTevaoTO Teipeaiao 

T/pari Tw ore 6f) KaTe^T)i> 86pov "A'itos elaco, 

v6(TT0v fTaipoicnv Si^rjpevoi rj8 epoi avrw. 

dXX' €pxfv, Xe'/crpoi'S' 'lopev, yvvai, o(fipa Koi rjtrj i 'j^ 

VTTVoi vTTo yXvKepu) Tapnwpfda KoiprjdevTf. ' 

[xxiii. 80-255.] 


The five ages. 

Et o fSeKeis, erepov rot eyw Xoyov eKKopvcfxliaai 
fv KOI firia-Tajjievas' (rv S' evi (ppeai jSaXXeo afjaiv. 

XpviTfov fieu TrpaTcara yevos pepoiraiv avOpmnav 
dOavaroi iroLrja-av 'OXvpnia bcopar e)(0VTes. 
Ot fiev ini Kpovov rja-av, or ovpava f'p^aaiXevev s^ 

axTTe 6fot S e^^oaov ciKrjbea dvpov e)(ovTes, 
v6(r(piv cirep re Tiovmv Kai 6'i^vos, ovSe re 8ei\6v 
yrjpas iirrjv, aU\ Se TroSay Ka\ )(eipai o/noioi 
TepnovT iv daXajai KaKuiu eKToa6ev awavTcnv' 
dvrja-KOP 8' us vnv(o dedprjpivoi' icrSXa 8e jravra lo 

Toiaiv erjV Kapnov 5' e^epe ^eidapos cipovpa 
avTopaTT] TToXXoj/ re koI acfydovov' oi 8' edeXripol 
T)(TVXoi epya vepovTO avv iaSKoia-iv noXeecra-iv 
a(f)V€io\ pi]Xoiat, ^t'Xot paKupeaai Qeoiaiv. 
avrap eireiSfj tovto yevo<s Kara ya'ia KoXvyj/ev, 15 

Tol piv balpoves flat Aios p^ydXov 8ia ^ovXas 
ea6Xo\, ini-^Bovioi, (pvXuKes dvrjTuiv dvdpaiTruiv' 
01 pa (jjvXda-aova-LV re tUas Koi a^^erXia epya, 
Tjepa ecraapevoi TvdvTrj (poiTcovres in atav, 
nXovToBuraf kol tovto yepas ^aaiXTjiov eaxov. 20 


114 HESIOD. 

Afvrepov aire yevos ttoXv x^'^P°'''^P°^ fxeTOTnaBev 

apyvpeov iroir^aav 'OXvpTTia ScupaT f)(OVT{s, 

)(pv(Tea) ovT€ (pvTjv euaXiyKiov ovre voijpa. 

ciXX' fKarou pev nais erea irapa prjTfpi. Kebvfj 

eVpe^fT araXXwi/, peya vtjttios, cp ev\ o'Uco' 25 

aXX' OT ap T]^fj(reie Ka\ rj^rjs perpov ikoito, 

iravplhiov ^aeaKov eVi XP<^«'oi', oKye" f'xovTes 

a(j)pa8iais- v^pcv yap aTdaSakov ovk ibvvaVTO 

dWrikav direxeiv, ovS" ddavdrovs Oepaireveiv 

rjOikov^ oiS' epbeiv pampcov lepois eVi j3a>pots, 30 

1^ Bepis avdpoDTTOiai kut tjdea. rovs pev eneira 

Zeiis Kpovi8r]s eKpv^e xo^ovpevos ovveKa ripas 

OVK iBi8ovv paKapecrai Bfois ot "O'Xvpnov 'ixovaiv. 

avTup ene) Koi tovto yivos Kara yala Kokvxj/f, 

To\ pev eTTixSovioi paKupes BvrjToi KaXeovrai 35 

Seirepoi, nAX' epTrris Tiprj Ka\ rolaiv oTrr^Sei. 

Zeiis be Trarrip rpiTov aX\o yevos pepoirav dvOpairav 
Xa^Keiov 7roir]<T ovk dpyvpa ovBev opo'iov, 
fK pf\iav, 8fiv6v re kol o^pipov' olmv" Aprjos 
epy epeXe arovoevra Koi vfdpiei' oiibe ri a'lrov 40 

rjaOwv, dXX' dhdpavTos f'xov Kparepocjipova 6vpov, 
aTrkacTTOi.' peydXrj de ^ir} koli X^'P^f aanroi 
e| w/i(Bi/ inecjiVKOV eVi (TTi^apo'iai peKeaaiv. 

TOIS fi' ^V Xn^K^f* M^'' TfVXea, X«^'^fO' ^^ '"'^ OtKOl, 

XahKU> S" dpyuCovTO' peXas S' ovk ((XKe aibrjpos. 45 

Koi Tot piu xft'ffO'O'"' ^^o acperepTjo-i tapevrts 
^TJaav €9 fvpmevra 86pou Kpvepov 'Aidao 
vmvvpvor Ouvaros be Kcii tKnuyXovs nep eovras 
eiXf peXas, Xapnpuv 6' eXnrov cjjuos rjeXioio. 

HESIOD. 115 

AvTcip ijTf\ Koi TovTO yevos Kara yaia KaXv\^ei/, 50 
avTii er liXXo rerapTOV eVi )(6ov\ iiovKv^OTeipTf 
Zevs Kpovidrjs TTOirjae diKaiorepov koi apeiov, 
dv8pcov Tjpaycov Beiov yevos, ot KaXeovrai 
r}jxi6eoi, irporepr] yevef] kut dneipova yaiav. 
Kai Tovs fj-ep TToXe/xos re kokos aai (f>v\oms atvr) 55 

Toiis fifv e<f) (TTTairvKoi Qi]^rj, KadpLrjlSi yaljj, 
aXecre fiapvapevovs ixrjXav eveic Oltmobao, 
Toi/s 8e Kul iv vrjeaaiv vnep p.iya Xalrpa daXdcrcrrjy 
£S Tpoirjv dyaycov EXevrjs evcK rjvKopoio 
fv6^ fjToi TOVS [xev OavuTov reXos a/x(^eKaXti-v|re, 60 

Tols Se Bi)( dvdpaTTOv ^ioTov koi ij6e OTTdcraas 
Zevff Kpovidrjs Karevacrae Trarrjp es Treipara yairjs. 
KoL To\ fxev vatovcriv dKT)8ea 6vp.ov e)(ovTes 
iv fjLaKdpav vrjcroicn Trap 'Q,Kfav6v fiadv^ivrjv, 
oX/3toi ijpaies, Tolo'iv fifXir]8ea Kapnov 65 

rpls ereos 6dXXovTa (pepti ^eidoopos apovpa. 

MrjKeT eTreiT a>(jieiXov iyai 7Tep.irT0iai p.eTeivai. 
dv8pd(Tiv, dXX' fj Trpoade davelv ^ eneira yeveadai. 
vvv yap drj yevos earl ai8r]p€ov' ov8e nor rjpap 
Trava-ovTat Kapdrov Kai oi^vos, ovbe tl vvKvap 70 

<pdeip6p.evoi' ^aXeTTas 8e 6eo\ 8d)aovai pepip-vas. 
aXX' ep7rT]s Kai rolai pepi^erai iaOXd KOKolaiv. 
Zfvs S' oXeVet Ka\ tovto yevos p.ep6Tro}V dv&panvav 
euT av yeivopevoi TToXioKpoTat^oi reXe'daxTiv. 
ov8e irarrip 7Tai8eaaiv opouos ov8e ti ira'iSes, 75 

ov8e ^elvos ^eivoSoKCi Ka\ erdtpos eralpco, 
ov8e KacriyvTjTos (piXos eaaerai cos to itdpos nep. 
ai\j/a 8e yrjpdaKovTas dTiprjaovcri TOKrjas' 

I 2 


fxefiyj/ovTai 8' tipu tovs ;^nXe7roTs' ^d^ovres eirecra-i 

(TxerXioi, ov8e 6ia>v ottiv elSores' ovde k€v ot, ye 80 

yr^pavTeaai TOKfvariu uno 6peivTT]pi,a hoiev, 

XfipoBiKoi' €Tfpos S' eTfpov TToKiv €^a\aTvd^€i. 

ovbe Tis fvopKov X^P'-^ eaaerai ovbe biKaiov 

ovT ayaOov, paWov he KUKotv peKTrjpa Koi v^piv 

dvepa Tipi]aovcn' 8tKr] 8 eV ;j(ep(7t, Kai aihas 85 

ovK earai' ^\dyf/ei 8' 6 kukos tov dpeiova (patra 

p.v6oicn (TKoXiols iveTTCov, in\ 8' opKov opdrai. 

^fjKos 8' dvdpwTTOicnv oi^vpoiviv airaviv 

8v(TK€\a8os, KUKoxapTO^, opaprrjaei, arvyepaTrrjs. 

Koi Tore S17 Trpos ' OXvpnov dno x^cvos evpvobeirjs 90 

XevKolcriv (pdpecrac KaXyxj/apfvco XPO<* koXov 

ddamraiv fj-erd (jivXou 'irov npoXnrovT dvBpvnrovs 

Ai8wf Kai Nefifcris' rd 8e Xe Liberal tiXyea Xvypd 

di/rjToli dvOpanoicn, kukov 8' ovk eaiTfrai dXKrj. 

[Works and Days, 106-201.] 


T/te invisible watchers for injustice on the earth. 

i2 ^acriX^tf, vp-eii 8e Karacppd^ecrde kch avTol 
TTjvbe tiKTjv' iyyxjs yap iv ivOpmiroKriv iovTes 
aQdvaroL (fipd^ovrai otroi ( dUrjatv 
dXXrjXovs Tpi^ov(Ti 6fU)V OTTiv OVK dXeyovres. 
rpls yap pvptol ttaiv eVt ;^^oj'i TrovXvfioTflpT] 
dBdvaroi Zrjvos (fivXaxes BvqTav dvQpiinwv' 
ni pa (PvXucrcrovaiu re 8iKas koi axfrXia epya, 

HE SI on. 117 

r]epa eaaajievoi ttuvtj] <f)oiTa>VT{s eV aiav. 

r] 8e re napdevos earl Aiktj, Aios eKyeyavla, 

KvdvT] T aidoLt] T€ deols o'l "O^vfinov expvaiv, 10 

Kai p' OTToTav tIs piv ^Xdnrij <rKoXia>s ovord^aiv, 

avTiKu nap Ail Trarpi KaOf^opfvr) Kpoviavi 

yqpviT dvdpaTToiu aSiKov voov, o(pp^ droTiarj 

S^/ios draaffaXias jBnaCKecop, 01 Xvypd voevvres 

(IXKj] napKKivcoai 8iKas (tkoXicos iviirovTes. 15 

Tavra (f)vXa(Ta6ixevoi, ^acriXels, Wwert pvBovs, 

8uipo(f)dyoi, (XKoXicov 8e 8ik(ov eVt 7Tdy)(V \d6ea6e. 

Oi avTot KaKo. t€v\€1 dvrjp aXXw koko. Tev-)(a>v, 

f] 8e KaKT] ^ov\f] TM ^ovXevaavTi KaKiffTrj. 

[Works and Days, 248-264.] 



Mrjva Be Ar}vaia>va, kqk fjpara, ^ovbopa navra, 
TOVTOV dXfvaadai, Koi TrT]yu8as, at r enl yaiav 
TTvevcavTos Bopeao dvarjXeyees reXedovaiVj 
Of re 8ia QprjKr]^ iTnrorpocpov evpe'i ttovtco 
('p7rvev<Tas copive' pep-VKe 8e yala koI vXr)' 5 

TToXXds 8e 8pvs v\j/iKi)povs eXdras re TTax^ias 
ovpeos iv ^rjaa-rjs niXva x^ovl TrovXv^oTeipu 
(/jLiriTTTcov, Koi Tvacra ^oq rare mjpiToi vXtj. 
6rjpes 8e (fipia-aovcr , ovpds 8 inro p-e^e^ edeuro, 
ToiU Koi Xd^vT] 8fppa KardaKiov' dXXd vv Kai tu>v 10 

yjrvxpos e'cbi' 8idrj(n Bacrvarepvcov nep euvTcov. 
KUL re 8ia pivov jSoos epxcrai, ovSe piv C(r;(ei. 

ii8 HESIOD. 

Kai Tf St* aiya ar]cn Tavvrpixa' Trcoea 8 ovri 

ovvfK iirrjeTavai rpl^es avrav, ov 8idr]aiv 

*s avifiov BopeoV rpoxa^ov Se yepovra ridrjai, 15 

Koi 8ia napdfuiK^s andKoxpoos ov 8iar](Tiv, 

ij T€ 86fia)v evTocrOe (})iXrj irapa firjTepi /xifivei, 

01/770) epy flbvia iroXvxpvcrov ^ AcfipobiTrjs' 

evTf XoeaaafifVTj rtpeva XP°^ *"' ^''''" f^«'? 

Xpi(rap.fVT] wxi'i) KaToke^erai ev8o6i oikov, 20 

rjp.aTi x^i-P'^P'-^i OT di'Ofrreos ov TToSa Tev8ei, 

ev T dnvpoy o'Uco Kcii rdecri XevyciKeoLaiv. 

[Works and Days, 504-525.] 


'ftpatos 8e yvvaiKa reov nori oUov ayecrBai, 
fiTire TpiJjKoUTcav (reav fiaXa ttoXX aTroXenrcov 
fir]T ini6i\s ixaKa ttoXXu* yap.os 8e rot wptoy ovtos' 
fj be yvvf) Terop' fj^aoi TVip-Trra 8e yafiolro. 
Trap6iViKr]v 8e yap-elv, iva fjdea Ke8va 8t6a^/j9. 5 

Ttjv 8e fiaXicrra yajxeiv rjris (xiOev iyyv6i vaiei, 
TTCLvra p-aX' an(f}\s I8d)v, p,rj -yetroo-t x^PP-^''^^ yWV^- 
nil fih yap ti yvvaiKos dufjp XT]i(eT ufiftvov 
rfjs dyaOfji, rrjs 6' avre kuk?]! ov plyiov «XXo, 
8imvo\6xq^' 17 T livbpn Kai 'Icfydip-ov nep eovra 10 

fvei uTfp SaXoC Koi iv ana yrjpa'i drjKev. 

[Works and Days, 695-705.] 

HESIOn. 119 


A calendar. 

"Hfiara S' (k Aiodev Tre<^v\ayfxevos fv Kara jioipap 
TTt(f)pa8(iX€U SjLicofcrcrt" Tpir]Kd8a [x-qvoi dpi(TTT]V 
epya t enoTTTeveiv r]8 appaXirjV daTeaadai,. 
AtSf yap r]p.epai dal Aibs Ttdpa ixrjTioeuros, 
(VT av aKrjBurjv \ao\ Kplvovres ayaxrtv. 5 

Trpo>TOv evt] rerpas re /cat il386p,>], lepov ^p-ap' 
rfj yap ^ AttoWcovu ■)(^pv(jdopa yeivaro Arjra' 
dySoaTT] T evarrj re Si;to ye p.ev fjpaTa prjvos 
e^oX de^opevoio ^porrjain epya nevecrdat. 
evdeKUTT] re SvcoSeKcir?/ r, lipcpo) ye pev eadXai, 10 

Tjp,eu ois TreLKfiv, rjd^ ev<ppova Kapitov dpdadac 
fj be 8va>8(Kdrt] rrjs ipdeKdrrjs p.ey dpeivcov. 
rfj ydp TOL vfl vtjpar aepcrnroTrjTos apn^vrjs 
rjpuaros sk rrXeiov, ore t 'i8pis aapou dparat. 
Tfj 8* icTTOv aTr](raiTo yvvrj, npo^akoiTO re epyov. 15 

pr]v6s 8' larapivov TpiaKai8fKdTr}v dXeaadat, 
ffKepparos ap^aadai.' (jivrd 8 eudpe^j/acrdat dpicrTr]. 
eKTT) S' T] pecTcrr] pdX' dcrvpcpopos ecrri (jiVTolaiv, 
dvSpoyovoi 6' dyaOrj' Kovpj] 8' oii avp(f)op6s icTTiv, 
ovre yevecrOai Trpcor' ovt tip ydpov dvrt^oXrjaai. 20 

ov8e pev T) TTpaTi] eKTrj Kovpucn yeveadai 
npp,evos, dXX' ipicpovs rdpveiu Koi Trwea pr^Xav, 
crrjKov T dp^i^aXeiv Troipvrjiov, rj-rviov rjp-ap' 
f'adXf] 8' dv8poy6vos' cjiiXed 8e re Kepropa ^d^eiv, 
\l^€v8ed 6' alpvXiovs re Xoyovs Kpv(f)iovs r oapiapovs. 25 

i:o HESIOD. 

fxf]v6s 8 oyBoaTTj Kairpov koI ^ovv epifivKou 

Ta/ivefifp, oi'pijas 8e Svoy^eKaTrj ToKatpyovs. 

fiKciBi 8' eV p.fyakT], TiXfco fjp,aTt, laropa (puiTa 

yeivacrOai' p.aXa yap t€ voov TveTiVKacrp-ivos iariv. 

fcrffkrf 8* avhpoyovo^ biKarrj, Kovpr}(n. 8e rerpas 30 

pLfatrrj. rfi 8e re pii\a koi ei\i7ro8as eXi/cas ^ovs 

Koi Kvva Kap)(ap68ovTa Ka\ ovprjas raXaepyoits 

TTpTjvveiv errl X^'A"^ rideis. irec^vka^o Se 6vpa) 

(iKyea dvp-o^opeiv' pdXa toi rereXeapevov rjpap. 

(V 8e TeTaprrj prjvos uyecrd (is oikov ukoitiv, 35 

oluivovs Kplvas 01 677 epypoTi rovro) apidroi' 

TTtpTTTas S" f^akeaadai, eVei x'^XfTrat re Koi alval. 

fv TrepTTTr] yap cf)aaiv Epivvas dpcjinroXeveiv 

"OpKOv Tiinipevov, top "Epis reKe TTTJp.' imopKois. 

pe<r<rj) 8' e^8oiiaTrj ArjprjTepos Upbv qkttjv 40 

ev pAX OTTtTTTevovra evrpox^aXco ev aXco^ 

^aXXeiv' iXoTopov re rapelv OaXaprfia 8ovpa, 

VTjid T€ ^vXa TToXXa, rd t appeva vrjval TreXovrai. 

TerpdSt 8 ap^tadat. vrjui TrrjyvvaBai dpaids. 

elvas 8' Tj petTcrrj enl 8eieXa Xcotoj/ f)pap. 45 

TrpoiTicTTr] 8 (Ivas TTavanripav avBputTioicriv' 

fcrffXr] p.€V yap ff fj8e (pvrevepev fjSe yeveadai 

uvfpi T r]8e yvvaiKi' Ka\ ovnore irdyKaKov rjpap. 

rravpoi 8' avre icram TptaeivuSa prjvus apicrrrfv 

ap^acrdai re Tt'idov, Koi eVt (,vyov av)(€va BeivaL so 

/3ovo"i Ka\ fjpiovoLcri Ka\ imrois w/cvTroSecrfrt. 

inja TToXvKXrjiSa dofjv (U o'lvona tti'jvtov 

flpvptvat.' TTavpm 8i t dXrjdea KiKXrjaKovai. 

T(Tpd8i 8" oiyf nlduV 7reo\ ttuutoiv Upov Tjpap 

HESIOD. 121 

li.i(T(rrj' navpoi 6' aiire ynT tlKoba firjvo^ apiarrjv, ^^5 

rjovs ydvo/xevrjs' inl Sei'eXa 8' e'crri xepi'icav. 

aide fiev fj/iepai elcrlv iin)(6ov'L0is fie'y' oveiap, 

ai 8 aXXai p,€Ta8ov7Tot, aKrjpioi, ov ri (pepovaai. 

liWos 8' aX\oit]v alvfl, iravpoi 8e t 'iaacriv. 

(iWore fXT)Tpvir] rreXei rjp^pr) aXXore prjrrjp' 60 

Taoov ei8aipa>i/ re Koi oX^ios os Ta8e Tvavra 

fl8ais ipyd^TjTai dvairios ddavaroKriv, 

opvidas Kplvatv (cat vnep^aaias aXeeivav. 

[Works and Days, 765-828.] 


Zeus and Prometheus. 

Kat yap OT iKpivovTO Beoi dvrjTol t iivdpconot 
yirjKcopr], TOT eireiTU fieyav ^ovv 7rp6(ppovi dvfia 
8aaadfi(vos npovdrjKe, Aios voov e^ana(f)i(rKCi>v. 
Tols fiev yap irdpKag re Ka\ tyKara Tv'iova 8rjp6i 
iv pLvdo KaTeBrjKe, Kakvi^a<: yaarpl ^oeirj, 5 

Tci 8' avT 6(TTea XevKci |3o6s 8oXtrj eVl Tf-)(yT] 
evdeTicras KaredrjKe, KaXv^as apye'ri 8t]pa, 
8rj TOTf piv TTpocTfftTTe TTQTrjp dv8pa)V re Qewv re' 

'laTrertofiSf;, irnvToit. dpiSeiKfT dvaKToov^ 
S) Trenop, ats eTepo^rfXas 8tf8da-(Tao fioipas. 10 

'^fir (^ciro KepTopecov Zevs a(f>6iTa p.r]8ea eiSws' 
TOP 8" aire irpoa-ifLTve YlpoprjOevs dyKvXoprjTjjs, 
rJK enipfiBrjcras, 8oXlt]s 8' ov X^BtTo Te^vrji' 

Zev Kv8i(TTe, p.fy icTTe Beaiv aleiyeveTucov, 
rwvS" eXfv oTTiroTepTjP ere ipi (f>pe(T\ 6vp.6s dpayei. 15 

122 HESIOD. 

4>^ pa BoKe.cppoveoiv' Zevs S' affidira jjLTjBfa elbajs 
yvoi p oi/f) riyvo^r]cre 86Xov' koko. 6' ocraero 6vpw 
dvjjrois dvOpaXToiai, to. koI rikifcrBai epeWe. 
;i^fpo"t S" o y' dp(poTfpr)aiu dj/fiXero XevKOV aKei<f>a. 
)(a}craTO 8e (^pevas cip(pl, x6\os 8e ptv ik€to dvpov, 20 

a)f "Sej; 6(rT£a XevKO. ^oos 8o\ir] eVl Te)^vr). 
tK Tov S' ddavdroiaiv eVt )(6ov\ (f)vK' dvOpatnav 
Kaiovcr ocrrca XfVKU dvrjevrcov eVi jBoipav. 
TOV 8e pey 6)(^6riaai 7Tpoa((Pr] ve(f}eXr]yepeTa Zeus' 

laTreTiovi8r], navTcov nepi prjSea ei^coy, 25 

d) Trerrof, ovk apa tto) SdKlrjs inekrjdeo Te)(vqs. 

Qs (fidro x'^op.evos Zevs a(f)diTa prjbea flbms. 
eK TovTov 8f] eneira, SoXou pepvrjpevos ale\, 
nvK ibl8ov peXeoicri nvpos pivos daapdroio 
durjTois dvdpanois, 01 enl x^ovi vaierdovcriv. 30 

aWd piv (^aTrdTTjcrev eiis ttois 'laTrerolo, 
«X€\|/-ar aKapdroio nvpos TijXecrKOTrov avyfju 
ev kolXco vdp6r)KL' daKev 8' lipa veiodi 6vp6v 
• Zrjv v\l/ij3pep€rr]v, e;^oX<ocre Be piv (piXov fjTop, 
cos i8ev dvOpanroicTi nvpos TrfKecrKOTtov avyrjv. 35 

avTiKa 8' dvrl nvpos rev^ev KaKov dvdpamoiai. 
yairjs yap crvp/irXaacre irepiKXvTos 'Apcfjiyvrjeis 
T7ap6ev<o al8oi7j lAceXoi' Kpovi8ea) 8ia ^ovXds. 
fdicre 8e Ka\ Koaprjae Bea yXavKmnis Adrjtrq 
dpyvcf)e7] ecrBrjTi' KaraKprjOev 8e KaXvTrrprjv 40 

8ai8aXeT]v p^eipecrffi KdTfcr)(f6e, davpa IheudaC 
dp(pi 8e 01 (TTe(j)uin}v ;^piicre7jf K((f)aXTJ(f}iv eOrjKe, 
rfju airros Troirjae TrepiKXvros 'Ap(})iyvTjeis, 
d(TKT)(Tas TTuXuprjai, ■xapi^op.evos Ati narpl. 



T^ 8 eVt Sai'SaXa jroXXa T6Tev;(aro, 6av\ia l8f(T6ai, 4= 

Ki/coSaV, Oct' ^neipos ttoXXo. rpecpei rjbe OaXacrcra, 
tS>v o ye ttoXX ivedrjKe, xdpis 8' aTreXa/ZTrero ttoXXij, 
davfiaairj, ^cooicriv ioiKora (ficovrjecrcnv. 

Avrap ineihr] rev^e Kokbp kukov uvt dyadolo, 
e^dyay evOaTTtp aXXot ecraf Oeoi fjS' cipOpcoTToi 50 

Kocrjici dyaWofievTjv yXavKOiniSos o^pipondrpTjs. 
davfia 8 e^ ddavdrovs re deovs dvrjTovs r dvdpaiiTOVs, 
(OS (i8ov 86X0U alnvv, dp,rj\avov dvOpuinoiaiv. 

Ek rris yap yevos ecrrl yvvaiKav BrjKvTepdatv. 
■nrfpa pey ai OvqToiai per dv8pdai vaitrdovcnv, 5;;; 

ov\opevr)s neuirjs ov (Tvp(f)opoi, d\}<a Kopoio. 
COS 8 OTTOT iv (TipQXoccn itaTrjpffpeecrcTi jueXtcrcrat 
Krj(f)TJuas ^oaKaai, KaKwv ^vvrjovas epycov, 
at pev re Trponav tjpap es rjfKiov Kara^vvra 
Tjpariai (TirevSovai, Tideia-'i re KT}pia Xeu/ca, 60 

01 o euToade pevovres enr]pf(peas Kara crip^Xovs 
aWorpiov KapciTov cr(peTfpT]v is yacrrep' dpSiVTai, 
as 8 avTcos avbpecrcn kokov 6vi]To1(n yvvaiKas 
Zeis vyj/'t^pepeTTjs BrJKe, ^vvrjouas epyoiv 

apyaXeav. erepou 8e rropep kukov dvT dyadoio' 6:; 

Of Ke ydpop (pevycov /cat peppfpa epya yvvaiKav 
pff yTJpai edeXr], oXoov 8' inl yrjpas iKTjrai, 
XT^^i- yqpoKopoLo, 6 8' oi) /Sidrou eTndevrjs 
ftoei, dTTO(pdipevov Se Bid KTrjaLv Bareovrat 
XrjpcoaTaL a 8' avre ydpov perd polpa yePTjrai, -jo 

KeSvTjv 8' ecrx^v iikoitiv^ dprjpvlav TTpanihecrai,, 
Tcp Be St' alwpos kukou icrdXoi dvTKpepi^ei 
eppeves' os Be Ke rerprj dTaprqpoio yeveSXrjs, 

124 HESIOD. 

fwft eVi aTrjdfcraiv excof aXiacTTOV dvirjv 

6vfia Koi Kpadiji, /cat avi]K€(JTov kukov iariv. _ 75 

'Qs ovK ecrrt Aius KkeyJAai voov ov8e TrapeXdeiv. 
ovbe yap 'laneTioviBrjs dKaKrjTa Tlpofxrjdevs 
Toiio y vTre^r'jXv^e ^apvv ^oKov, aXK' vtt updyKrjs 
Koi TTciKvibpiv iovra fieyas Kara Secr/uo? epvKeu. 

[Theogony, 535-617.] 



Avrap eTTft TiTrjvas an ovpavov t^ekaae Zeis, 
oTrXoTUTOv T€Ke iralSa Tv(})coea Tata TreXapr] 
Taprdpov iv (fnXorrjTi 8id xP'^^^^f]" ^A(ppo8LTr]V, 
ov x^^P^^ P-^" (ianroi eV laxvi epypar exovaai 
Kal TToSey uKH/iarot Kparepnv Oeov' e'/c Se 01 utp-cnv 5 

rjv €Karov Ke(f)aXa). o(pios, beivulo hpuKOVTOS, 
yXwacrrjai 8vo(jiepTJcrL XeXixnores, eK 8e ol bcrcrav 
deirnecrijjs KfCpaXfjaiv vtt u(ppvai iriip dpdpvircre, 
wacreoiv S' tK KecPaXecov Ttvp Kaiero 8epKnpevoio, 
(pa>vai 8' eV Trdarjcriv eanv Seivfjs Ke(f)aX^a-i lO 

TTuvToirjv on Ulaai, dde(r<paT0V aXXore p.ev yap 
(f)6fyyovd' uxTTt Seoiai (rvvtfp.ev, aXXore b avre 
Tcwpov fpi(3pvxf(o, pivos dax^Tov oacrav, dyavpov, 
I'iXXoTt 8' aire Xeoi/roj dvui8ea Ovpuv e'xovros, 
tiXXore 8' av cravXaKfamv eoiKora, 6avpaT uKova-ai, 15 

liXXore 8' av poi^acrx', vno 8' rjxftv oi'pea puKpd. 

HESIOD. 125 

Km vv Kfv eVrXfTo epyov diJirj)(avov ^jxari Keiva, 

KOI Kev o ye 9vT]Toi(n Koi ddaparoKTiv ava^ev, 

ft liTj ap' o^v v6r](Te Trarfjp duBpap re Beaiv re. 

(TKkrjpliv K (jSpovTrjae Koi ofipipov, dp(f}l 8e yaia 20 

(T/x.epSoXf'oi/ Kovu^i-jcre Koi ovpavos eipvs VTTfpdfV, 

TTovTOi T QKfavov re poai Koi Tdprapa yairji. 

TToaal 8' VTV ddavuToicri peyas TreXf/it'^er' "oXvpnos 

opwpevoio uvaKTos' ine(iTfvd)(i^€ 5e yaia. 

Kavpa b vn dpcfjorepav KdTe)(€v toeidta ttovtov, 25 

fipovTTJs re aTepoTTtjs re, nvpos r aTTo roio TveXoypov, 

Trpt](TTrip(ov dvepmv re Kepavvov re (pXeyedovros. 

e^ee 8e xdcov Trdaa koi ovpavos lySe 6dXa(T(Ta' 

6ve 8' ap' dp(p oKTas nepi r dpcf)i re Kvpara paKpa 

piirfj vn ddaiaTcov, i'voais 8' aajSiCTTOS opaipei. 30 

rpea-cr 'Ai8t]s evepotai KaTa(p6ipivoicnv dvdaaav, 

TiTTJves B" vTCOTupTapioi, Kpovov dpcfns idvres, 

dfr^ecrrov KeXdhoio Koi alvrjs 8r]ioTrjTos. 

Zevs 8' iirel oiiv KopGvvev eov peuos, eiXero 8 OTrXa, 

^povTTju re (TTfpoTTrjv re Ka\ aWaXoevra Kepavvov, 35 

irXri^ev an OiXvpnoto eTrdXpevos' dpcfn 8e ndcras 

enpeae Becnrecrias KecpaXds 8eivo7o TreXaipov. 

avrap eirel S17 piv ddpaae TvXrjyjjcnv ipdaaas, 

rjpuive yvi()i6e\s, arevdxi-C^ 8e yaia TreXaprj' 

(f)\6^ 8e KepavvwdevTos airecTavTo toIo avaKTOS 40 

oijpeos iv ^rjaajjaiv d'ibvrjs, TranraXoeaar)s, 

TrXrjyevTOs' ttoXXi) Se TTeXayprj Kaiero yaui 

aTpfi deo'Treair], Ka\ errjKero KaaaiTepos as 

re^vj] VTT al^rjwv vno r evrprjTOV ^pavoio 

GaX(f)de\s, Tje cri8r]pos, onep KparepiiTaTos iariv, 4:; 

• 26 . HESIOD. 

ovpeos iv 0T]a<TJ]<Ti 8afjia^6fjL{vos irvp'i Krj\(ui 
TTjKerai ev x^ovi dirj vcj) 'H^qiVtov iraKafirjCTLt. 
las apa TTjuero yala aeXa nvpos aWopevoio. 
pt^e fie p.iv 6vfia dKa)((ov es Tdprapov fvpvv. 

[Theogony, 820-868.] 


The blind poet at the Delian festival. 

*AX\' ayeO^ , iKtjkoi fxev 'AttoXXcoj/ 'Apre/oiiSt ^vi>, 
^aipSTe 8 vneis Tracrai' efjiuo 8e Koi fieroTnadev 
fivfjcraaff, onnoTe Kev tis eTrixdovicov dvOpwTruv 
ivOah dveiprjTai ^elvos raXaTrei'pioy i\6i>p' 
& Kovpai, tLs S' vppLV dvTjp rjSiaros doiScciV 5 

evddde TrcoXelrai, Koi reco Teprreade paXiaTa ; 
iifiels 8 €v paXa irdaat, vnoKplvaarO evcpijfias' 
TV(p\os dvfjp, olKel 8e Xtw evi TranraXaea-aT]' 
Tov TTOcrai fifTomardev dpicrrevovcnv doi8at. 
fipels S' vpfTepov Kkeos oiaopav, oaaov fir aiav 10 

dv6pa>Tr(ov (rTp€(f)6iJ.eada TroXets evvauraaxras' 
01 S* eVi 8rj TTfiaovrai, end koX lTr]Tvp.6v icrnv, 

[Apollo, 165-176.] 


The invention of the lyre. 

Qs ap e(})rj' Koi ;(epcrti' afi dp(f)OTept](nv ddpas, 
a\j^ eicro) kU 8a)pa, (^ipwv ipareivov advppa, 
evd" dvaprjXdxTas yXvcpdvco ttoXioIo (rtSijpov, 


aluiv f^froprjirev opfcrKaioio ;^eXu)i'r;y. 

<u? 8 OTTOT u)Kv vorjfia 8ia arepvoio Treprjcrei 5 

avepos, ovTi dapeuu €Tri(TTpa>(f)(ocri fiepcp-vai, 

It) ore bivrjQuicnv air 6<^6a\jJia)v upapvyaiA 

d)f ap enos re Koi epyov eprfSero Kv8ipos 'Epprjs. 

7rf)^e 8 ap iv peTpoKTi rapcbv 86vaKas KaXdfioio, 

TTfipTjuas 8ia vayra Xidoppivoio )({Xo}vr]s' 10 

(ipcfn 8e 8eppa Tavvaae jSoo? 7rpa7ri8ecr(Ti.v efjcnv^ 

Koi 7rrj)(€is evidrjK , eVt 8e ^vyov rjpapev dp(f)oii/' 

€7TTa 8e o'vpcfxovovs oiuii' iravvcrcraTO xop8ds. 

Avrdp eTr€i8f] Tfv^e (jiepcov ipareivov advppa, 
TrKrfKTpa eTTeiprjTi^e Kara pepos' r] 8 vno ^(ipos 15 

apepSaXeov Kovd^rjcre' deos 8' virb KoKbv uei8ev, 
i^ avT0(TXf8ir]s Treipuipevos — rjiJTe Kovpoi 
j'jI^rjToi Oaklijcn TvapaifioXa Kepropeovaiv — 
up(ji\ Aia 'K.povi8rjv Kai '^\aia8a KaK\nTi8iKov , 
(OS rrdpos wpl^faKou iraipflrj (jiiXorrjTi, 20 

fjv T avTOV y€verjv ovopaKkvTov e^ovopd^cov' 
dptpiTToXovs T eyepatpe koL dyXad 8a>paTa 'Nvpcjirjs, 
Kai Tpino8as kutci oIkov, enrjiTavovs re Xe^rjTas. 
Koi TO piv ovv rjii8e, rd 8e (fypealv uXXa pevoifa. 

[Hermes, 39-62.] 


T/ie ox-stealer. 

Tov 8" ojf ovv fv6r](T€ Aios KOL Maid8os vlbs 
)(co(')p(vov TTfpl ftovalv iKrjfioXov 'ATToXXcoj^a, 
(TTTupyuv ftrco Kuredvpf dvijfPT' Tjiire TroXXi]v 

HYMNS. 129 

nptuvcov avBpaKirjv ovkr) cnrobos d/z0tKaXv7rr€t, 

S)s 'Ep/jtrji 'EKuepyov Ibtov dXeeivev iuvTov. 5 

iv 8' okiyat avvikacrae Kaprj ^elpdi Tf TTodas re, 

(j>r] pa veoXXovTos, irpoKoKevpevos fj^vpov vtvvov, 

eyprjcracov ereou ye' ^eXvu S' 11770 pacrxaXu eix^e. 

yvo) 8' ovh' r]yvo[r\(je Aios Koi ArjTovs vlos 

vvp(j)T]v T oupeiTjv nepiKoKXea koI (f)iXov vlov, 10 

TratS' oXiyov, SoXirjs elXvpevov evrpo7rlr](ri. 

iraTTTrjuas 8' apa nduTa pv^ov peydXoio dopoio 

rpels d8vT0VS dvecoye XajScjv kXtjIBu ^aeivi]V, 

veKTopas epnXeiovs 7;S' dpfipocrirjs epareivrji' 

TToXXos 8e xp^ords re Koi (ipyvpos evhov eKeiro, 15 

TfoXXd 8e (poiviKoevra Koi apyvcpa eipara pvp(pr]s, 

oca 6ea)V paKapcov tepol 8dpoi evros e^ovcnv' 

evff enei e^epeeive pv)(ovs peydXoio Sdpoio 

Arjroidrjs, pvdoKTi TrpoarjvSa KvBipov 'EpprjV 

'il TToi, OS iv XiKvia KardKeiai, prjvve poc ^ovs 20 

Bdrrov' eVel rdxa vati bioKTopeB' oii Kara Kocrpov. 
piyp-co yap ere Xn/Scoj/ e's Tdprapov rjepoevra, 
eis ^6(pov (ilvupopov Ka\ upr^xavou' ov8e ae prjrrjp 
es (f>dos ovbe irarrjp dvaXvaerai, dXX' vtto yairj 
eppTjcreis oXoolcriv iv dvSpdaiv ^yepovevav, 25 

Tov S' 'Epprjs pvOoicnv apei^ero Kep^aXeoiaf 
A7]Toidr], TLva rovrov dnrjvea pvBov eenras ; 
17 ^ovs dypavXovs 8i^T]pevos iv6d8 iKdveis ; 
OVK 180V, ov TTv6dpr^v, OVK oKXov pvBov ciKOvaa' 
ovK av pr]vvaaip', ovK av prjvvrpov apoipijv' 30 

ovTi (Sowj/ eXorJJpt, Kparaia (pcorl, eoiKa. 
OVK ipbv epyov rovro, ndpos 8e poi aXXa pfpTjXev' 



VTTVOS efioiye fiefir]\e mi ijfifTeprjg yaXa firjTpos, 

(TTrdpyava r iipcf)' unioicnv e^f"' '^ci' deppu Xoerpa, 

p.f) Tis TovTo irvdoiro, 7t66(v rofif vfiKOs eTV)(6T}' 35 

Kal Kfv 8rj fxiya 6avp.a fier (idavdroKTi yevoiro, 

TToiba v(ov yeyaara hia ivpoBvpoio Trepijaai 

^ovalv in nypavkoiai' to 8 tiTrpeTreais ayopfven, 

X^^s yevoprjv, airako\ 8e nodes, rpr])((la 8' vno )(6atv. 

ft be 6e\eis, narpos Ke(jiakf]v jxeyau opKOv 40 

fifj p.iv eyu) p,rjT avTos vnia)(opai airios eivai, 

p-ffTe TLV liWov OTTcoTra ^omv kXottov vfierfpaan/, 

aiTcves al /3ofs fiat* to 8e Kkeos oiov ukovco. 

^^s up e^Tf Ka\ TTVKvbv dno ^\f(j)dpu)u dfiapvaacop 
n(Ppvs pinTd^«TKfv, opitpevoi ev6a Koi €v6a, 45 

fidKp' dnoavpi^civ, oKiov tov pvdov viroay^av . 

[Hermes, 235-281.] 


Detneter at Eleusis. 

"EffTO 8' iyyvi obolo (f)i\ou TfTirjpevr) TjTop, 
Ylapdevioi cf)pfaTi, odev vhpevovTO TToAirai, 
fv (TKij), avTap vrrepde iT€(f)VKei Bdpvos eXalris, 
yprji TToXaiyevf'i evaXlyKios, rj re tokoio 

ftpyrjTai hcapoiv Tf (f)i\o(TTf(pdvov 'A(f)po8iTris, 5 

oiai re Tpocf)o\ eicri depiTTOTioKav ^acriXrjcov 
TTai8o)v KOI Tap'iai kutu 8dopaTa rj^^evTa. 
TT)v 8e 'idov KfXfoto ''E\evaivi8ao Ovyarpes, 
(p-^opfvai fxed' vbwp ilrjpvTOv, o(f)pa (fiepoifp 

HYMNS. 131 

KiiKiTi,(n ;^aAK6ij;(rt ^'Cka npos twnara Trarpus, 10 

T€(T(Tapes, ware deal, Kovpjfiov av6os e'xova-ai, 

KaWiSiKi] Koi EXftaiSiKTi Arjfiw t epoea-aa 

KaXXiOuT} 6 , 7] rail' TrpoyevecrTarr) rjev anacrav' 

ovb' fjvaV xu\fTTo\ be 6enl 6vr]Toiaiv Spciadai. 

ay)(ov 8 iardpevai enea rmpoevTa Trpoarjiidav' 15 

Tis TTooiv eaal ypijiJ naXaiyeveaiv avGpammv ; 
TiTTTe fie v6(T(pi iroXrjos OTreaTixfS, ov8e 86fioia-i 
TTiXva; evda yvvaiKfs dva fieyapa (TKioevra 
TifKiKai, cos av Tvep wSe, kcu oTrhoTfpai yeydaaiv, 
(U Kf (Te (pikavTai r]p.€V eVei rjdi Kai f'pyco. 20 

'12s e'(j)aV Tj 6' fTTfeaaiv upfl^ero rrorva 6edu>v' 
reKva ^i\', aiTiVfS fare yvvcuKuiv drjkvTepduiv, 
Xaiper ' e'yo) S ipuv pvdijcropaf ov toi deiKes 
Vfuv elpop.ivrjmv dXrjdea pv6ij(rci(rBai. 

Aojs fiev e'/xot y ovop.' itrri to yap Bero ttotviq liTjrrjp. 25 
viJv avre KprjTjjSep en fvpea vara BoKdatTrjs 
TjXvdov ovK edeXovcra, ^Irj 8' dsKovcrav dmyKj] 
nvdpes Xj^iorrij^es dm^yayov. 01 pev eneira 
vrji. 6ofi QopiKovbe Knreaxedop, evda yvvaiKes 
7]neipov (7r€j3r](Tuv doWe fs, 7]8e Ka) avroi' 30 

be'iTTVov S' TjpTvL'OVTo TTtipa 7rpvpvr](ria vrjos' 
aXX epo\ oi) 86pTTOio peXicfypovos rjparo 6vp6i' 
Xddpr) 6' 6pprj6tl(Ta 81 i^ireipoio peXaivrjs, 
(j)€vyov VTrep(pidXovs arjpdvTopas, o<ppa Ke prj pe 
aTrpiaTTjv TTfpda-avTfs epijs dnovaiaro Tip^s. o^ 

ovTco 8evp' iKoprjv dXaXrjpevr], oiSe ti oi8a, 
r]Tis 8fj yaV eort, Kai iUTiVis iyyeydaaiv. 
aXX vp'iv pev TvdvTfs 'OXvpTtia bupar f'xovTfs 

K 2 


8oi€V Kovpibiovs avSpas, Koi rtKva reKeadai, 

U)S (deXova-L roKrjes' epe S' avT oiKTeiparf, Kovpai, 40 

7rporf)pouiU)S, (piXa reKva, Teas npbs batpaff' LKO} 

avfpos i]5e yvvaiKos, "iva u^hiv fpyii^copai 

7rp6(Ppa)v, ola yvvaiKOi d(f)fj\iKos epya rervKTM. 

Kai Kiv TTutSa veoyvov iv ayKOLvrjaiv e^^oucra 

KoKa Tidrjvolprjv, koi Sw/xara Ti]pr](Taipi, 45 

Kai Ke Xfx°^ aropeaaipi pvx<^ daXdpcou evirrjicTcov 

8ia-n-6arvvov, Kai k epya BiBaaKTjaaLpi yvvuiKas. 

^rj pa Bea- rrjv 8' avTLK apei^iTO napdefos dBpTjs, 

KdWi8iK7], KfXeoio dvyarpcbv eiSo? apiaTi}' 

Main, 6fo}U peu 8uipa Ka\ d^vvpevoi nep dvdyKrj 50 

TerXapeu civOpanoi' 817 yap ttoXu (pepTepol elcriv. 

ravra 8e roi aatpecjs vTro6r](Topai, i]8' ovoprjvai 

dvfpas, olaiv ewetrrt peya K/jdroy evdit8e rt/xj}j, 

8t]pov T€ Trpovxovcnv, Ibe KprjSfpva noXrjos 

elpvarai ^ovXfjai (cat Weirjcn 8iKrj(TiV 55 

ripiv TpinToXtpov nvKipfjdeos rjbe Au'ikXov 

r)8e UoXv^eivov (cm dpvpovos EvpuXnoio 

(cat AoXixov /cat iraTpns dyrjvopos fjpeTepoto. 

TMV 7rdvT0)v dXoxoi Kara Sco/xara TtoparaLvovcnV 

TuoiV ovK civ Tt'y ae Kara Trpoi>Ti<TTOV oTTconrjU 60 

etSos dTipTjcraaa 86pa)v dnovoacfiia-cretev, 

dXXd ae te^ovrai' 8t] yap BeoeUeXos taai. 

el 8e BeXeii, enipeivov, tva irpus Sw/uara Trarpos 

rxOmpfv (cat pT]Tp\ fSa6vCu)V(o Meraveipu 

e'lnoopev rate ttuptu 8iap7T(pes, at k€ a dvuyrj 65 

f]peTep6v8' livai /i»?S* dXXmv 8d}paT e'ptvvdv. 

Tr]XCyeTos be ol vlos iv\ peydpa evntjUToi 

HYMNS. 133 

6'j/iyovos Tpei^eraf, 7ro\vfv\^eTos ddTrda-ws re. 

fi TOP y (Kdpe\j/aio, Koi ijf'irjs fifrpof Ikoito, 

peid K€ Tis ere l8ovaa yvvaiKcop drjXvTfpaoov 70 

^rfKaxrai' roaa Ktv toi dwo dpeTTTTjpia doirj. 

Qs f<pa6^' fj 6' infvfvcre KapTjari' ral 8e cj)afiva 
TrXrjadpfvaL v8aTOs (})epov dyyea Kv^idovaai. 
pi.p(pa 8e Trarpos ikovto ptyav 86fiou, u)Ka 8e prjTpl 
fvueirov, as eidov re koi (kKvov. rj 8e fjidX' wKa 75 

iXdovaas eKfXeve KaXelv in aTTfipovi ptiadm. 
ai o (OCTT Tj eAaCpoi fj nopries fiapos copj) 
dWouT av Xfifimva Kopeaadp-evai (fypfva (pop^^, 
S>s ai iiriaxofj-evai iavmv Trrvx^as ip.epoivT(x)V 
rj'i^av KOiXrjv Kar dpa^LTclv' dp(jA 8e ^mrai 80 

u)p,ois di(T(TOVTO KpoKrjio) livdei Ofxolai. 
rerpov 8' eyyvs 68ov Kv8prjv 6e6v, 'iv6a ndpoi nep 
KaXXinov' avTup eneiTa (f)iXa irpos 8a>pnTa ivarpos 
Tjyevvff' Tj K ap oiricrBe (piXov reTiTjiievr] fjTOp 
(TTelx^e Kara KpTJdev KeKoXvppivq' dpcfn 8e TrenXos 85 

Kvdvfos paSivoicri Oeris e'XeXt^ero iroacnv. 

[Demeter, 98-183.] 


Dionysus on board ike pirates^ ship. 

'Afi(pi Aioivvaov, 2ep.eXr]s ipiKv8eos vlov, 
pvrjaopai, cjs i(f>dvr] wapa 6'tv aXos arpvyeToio, 
oKT^ en Trpo^XrjTi, verjvirj dv8p\ e'oiKojy, 
TrpadTjlBr]' KaXcn 8f TrepiaafiovTo fOeipai, 


Kvaviai, (f)apos Se nepi ari^apols fX^" "^M*"^ 5 

7Top(f)vpeov. raxo. S' ap8pes (iJaaeXpov drro vqoi 

XxfiarcLi irpoyevovTo Boas eVi oivona ttovtov, 

TvpcTTjvoi — Tovs 8' fjye kqkos popos — ol Se l86vTes 

VfiKrav fs aWrjXovs, rdxa S' €K6opov' alyf/a S' iXoures 

tivav eni a(f)eTepris vrjos, Kexf^P^H^fVOi. rjrop. lo 

vlop yap piu f(f)avTO diorpefjieaiv ^aaCKriwv 

fivaij Kai Searpdls edfXou delv dpyoKeoicnv. 

Tov S ovK icrxiive 8eapa, Xvyoi S ano TrjXoae tutvtqv 

XfipoiV T]8€ TTodmv' 6 Se p(L8ida>v eKadrjTO 

oppacri Kvaveoicri' Kv^epvrjrqs Se vorjaai, 15 

avTiKa ois erapoicnv eVe/cXero, (pavijcrev re" 

AaipovLoij Tiva rovhe Oeov Secrpeueff eAuvres, 
Kaprepbv, ov8e (})fp(iv ti/varui piv vrjvs evepyfjs. 
i] yap Z,€vs ooe y fcmv t) apyvpoTO^os AnoAKiou 
■qe Uoaeiddav' enei ov SvrjToiai ^porolaiv 20 

ei(ceXos, ciKKd. deois, 01 'OXv/xTTta Soi^ar exovtriv. 
oXX ayer', avm dcpZpeu in rjireipoio peXaivrjs 
avTiKa' p,T]& eni x^'^P'^s laXXere, prjri ;^oXa)^etS' 
opat] upyaKfovs t dvepovs Koi XaiXawa noXXrju. 

Qs (jidTo' ibv S' dpxbs arvyfpo) rjvlnaTTe pvOa' 25 
huipdvC, ovpov Spa, Cipa S' l(niov eXiceo vqos, 
avpTTavd^ onXa Xafiav' oSe S' aiir uvdpecTcn peXrjaet. 
fXrropai, 7} Aiyvrtrov dcpi^erM, fj o ye Kvnpov, 
^ fS 'Ynep^opeovs, *j eKaarepco' is Se TfXevrfjv 
(K TiOT tpel avToii re (jiiXovs koi Krrjpara ttuvtu, 30 

fws T€ KuaiyvtjTOvs' eVet fjpiv fp^aXe daipav. 

Qs flnoiu, larov re Koi 'kttiov eXKero vrjos. 
tpTsvfvcrfv S uufpos picrov 'kttiov, dp(JH S up' oTrXa 

HYMNS. 135 

Karravvuav' raxa 8e cr(f)iv {({>aiv(TO duv^ara epya. 
oivos fiev TrpcDTicrTa 6or)v ava vija fieXaivav 35 

rjbinroTos Kf'KdpvC eucoSr/y, wpvvro 8' oBfirj 
afi^poaiT]' vavTos 6c rdc^os Xa/3e Travras l86vTas. 
avTiKa 8' aKporarov napa ItTTiov i^eTavvaO-q 
ap.TTe\os €v6a Koi euda, KaTfKp7]p.vo}VTO 8e ttoXKoI 
^OTpves' a/x0' Icttov Be fxeXas (ikiaaeTO kktctos, 40 

avdeai TTjXeddav, x^pi^is S' «Vt Kapnos opaptC 
TrdvTfs Be a-KaKpiol OTeffidvovs e'x'"^- °' ^^ IBovres 
v^a TrdXiv tot eirena Kvl3epvrjTT]v eKeXevov 
yi) iteXdaV 6 B' apa a(f)L Xeav ye'ver evBoBi vrjos 
Beivos eV dKpoTaTrjs, fieya 8' e^paxeV ev B' apa p-eaaj) 45 
apKTov fTTOiTjaev Xaaiavx^va, arjiiaTa (^aivutv' 
av 8' edTT] p.epavia, Xeav 8' tVi aeXpaTos tiKpov 
Betvov vnuBpa IBoiW ol 8' e's irpvp.vr}v e(f)6j3r]6ev , 
dp-cpl Kv^epi>f)TT]v Be, cra6(f>pova 6vp.ov e\ovTa, 
earav up' eKnXijyevTes' 6 8' i^aTrivTjs enopovaas fO 

apxov e\'* ol Be Bvpa^e, kukov p.6pov e^aXvovTes, 
Trdvres 6fiS>s irfjBrjaav, enel 'iBov, els aXa Blav, 
8eX(p'iv6S 8' eyevovTO. KvjBepvrjTrjv 8' eXerjcras 
' eaxe6e, Ka'i p.iv e6t]Ke navoX^iov, eine re fivBoV 

Qdpaei, B'le KUTCop, rw ep.(o Kexapi(Tp.eve' 55 

fi/Lit 8' eyco Aiovva-os epi^popos, ov TtKe pT}Ti]p 
KaBprjis 2epeXrj, Aios ev cj)iX6Tr]Ti piyelaa. 

Xaipe, TeKOS 2ep.eXr]s eiioiniBos' ovBe nrj eaTLv 
aeio ye Xrj66p.evov yXvKeprjv Koafirjcrai doiBiju. 




It is likely that even in the Homeric age a few short poems of a 
lyric character, threnes, paeans, and Linus-songs, may have been 
current among the people of Greece. But they were probably of 
the nature of general liturgies or formulas by long use gradually 
shaped into metrical form, and rehearsed as occasion required 
without adaptation to the circumstances of the particular case. 
The author of the Works and Days was the first, so far as we 
know, to address formal composition to interests of the time. 
But trammeled by the epic metre, and limited and homely in 
range without being individual, he is hardly an exception to the 
general conclusion that the poems of the epic age had no intrinsic 
relation to the events amidst which they were produced. They 
are mere impersonal voices of a remote antiquity singing in set 
phrases of a past still more remote. It seems as if uniformity of 
social and political life supplied no events interesting enough or 
no passions strong enough to demand and obtain for themselves 
a distinct and formal expression. 

But when history opens with the end of the eighth century, a 
great change has come over Greece. Violent convulsions had 
broken up the old constitutions and substituted new relations of 
dominant and repressed orders in each state. Numerous colonies 
of exiles or of adventurers had been planted on the opposite shores 
of the Mediterranean and on the Euxine, had there come in 
contact with races of different origin, language, and arts, had 
risen rapidly in wealth and civilisation, and had developed new 
and more free political forms. The Grecian world was doubled ; 



in each part political movement was strong : in each, arts and a 
commerce which widened the field of observation and gave 
birth to science through navigation and its rude attendant 
astronomy, started into life : and the two parts were connected 
with each other, and were benefited each by the other's advances, 
through the means of a great trade, which the colonies collected 
from the countries whose shores they fringed, and poured inwards 
into the mother country, and of numerous confederations and 
more free intercourse at multiplied festivals and games. Thus 
the whole nation, and its several states, and their political parties, 
(as it were) awoke to consciousness through the double process 
of intercommunication on the one hand, and conflicts of Greek 
with barbarian, state with state, and order with order, on the 

What does not seem new or is not observed to be in contrast 
with other things does not call for distinct enunciation; but 
a newly felt nationality, new political passions, new knowledge, 
and new pursuits and festivals, coinciding with the acquisition 
from Asia of new instruments and styles of music, and with 
leisure to demand art, and wealth to pay for it, necessarily 
produced in a nation naturally inclined to poetical expression new 
forms of poetry, addressed not to the legendary past, but to the 
present and its interests. Accordingly there suddenly sprang 
forth a variety of forms of composition, each adapted to some 
particular species of subject, in rhythm, metre, diction, and 
accompaniment. The intellectual character of the Greeks was 
especially distinguished by inventiveness, by power of classiti- 
cation, and by power of harmonising form with matter and 
details with substance ; and that same simplicity of expression 
or development which has made the names of their spontaneous 
political forms to stand ever since for natural genera in politics, 
as if they had been universal classifications framed by nature 
herself, and made also their various species of poetical form 
complete and harmonious in every part, in the relation of parts 
to the whole, and of the wholes to the occasions. ' From Olympus 

POETS. 141 

(says Colonel Mure^) down to the workshop or the sheepfold, 
from Jove and Apollo to the wandering mendicant, every rank 
and degree of the Greek community, divine or human, had its 
own proper allotment of poetical celebration. The gods had 
their hymns, nomes, paeans, dithyrambs ; great men their encomia 
and epinicia ; the votaries of pleasure their erotica and sym- 
posiaca ; the mourner his threnodia and elegies ; the vinedresser 
had his epilenia ; the herdsmen their bucolica ; even the beggar 
his iresione and chelidonisma.' There were a hundred im- 
portant occasions of public or private life, and each received its 
proper and distinct celebration, that is, a particular species of 
composition, measured out in appropriate rhythm, with music 
expressive of the feelings of the moment, and glorifying those 
feelings by association with legend and with similar occasions in 
the lives of gods. Technical names of more than fifty such 
distinct species of poetry have been preserved, though of their 
several characteristics we have generally only indistinct in- 
formation, and of the history of their origin and their inventors 
scarcely any which is not either unintelligible or untrustworthy. 
The region of myths is not j^et past, and there are frequent signs 
on the one hand that the labours of many have been attributed 
to one great name, on the other that what might seem a sub- 
stantial and individual person is in reality only a reflexion 
of the career and attributes of a prototype perhaps not wholly 
real in his turn. 

Those who were impelled to poetical expression at the be- 
ginning of this period found ready to their hand in the Homeric 
poems a store of characters and of legends ready cast by use and 
tradition into an artistic form, a high standard of taste, models of 
various and sustained eloquence, and perfected technicalities of 
art. They found a language clear and even superfluously full, 
made articulated and supple through the retention of free in- 
flexions and by particles already finely discriminated to suit the 

1 Vol. III. p. 63. 

142 LYRIC 

quick changes of epic events, and in its very birth and mould 
adapted to light metrical forms. The only drawback was that 
but one metre was so far actually provided to their hand. From 
the general use of the hexameter for oracles and in the older 
inscriptions, and from the silence of Homer as to other metres, 
it must be inferred that no other, or at least no other which 
was well defined, was as yet in use. Tentatively at first, and 
but slowly changing from this old simple verse, they proceeded 
to shape their new materials into the new forms of a less simple 
and sensuous, but more passionate and varied poetry. The 
later Greeks distinguished two chief periods in this advance, the 
elegiac and iambic period and the lyric period ; and the second 
they subdivided into lyric proper and choral : but all three 
branches, if they did not originate at the same time, yet coexisted 
throughout their later growth, and were cultivated with more or 
less impartiality by the same poets. 

There is no proof that the elegy was the first advance, but it 
seems the most natural transition from the hexameter, the 
change being no more than the omission of the last half of the 
.third and sixth feet. But even this slight change produced 
a fundamental difference. For the sustained continuity of the 
hexameter there is substituted a series of short strophes or 
stanzas which forbid a connected narrative, but invite short and 
antithetic sentences complete in themselves and fitted to deal 
with a limited subject. Compared with the hexameter, the 
elegy is monotonous and less free and variable : compared with 
the lyrical metres, it is again less variable and is also less 
capable of adaption to a musical accompaniment ; but on the 
other hand, within its own limits of form admits more freely than 
they do the substitution of long syllables for short and short for 
long, according as convenience or the nature of the subject may 
require. For the credit of its invention there are four or five 
claimants, between whom it is impossible to decide. But if 
Callinus or Tyrtaeus anticipated Archilochus in its invention, to 
Archilochus appears to remain at least the credit of having freed 

POETS. 143 

it from the epic diction with which it is encumbered in their martial 
exhortations, and of having made it serviceable for subjects of 
common life. It was used by all the lyrical poets after him, 
generally for short compositions, which were often, but not 
always, of a plaintive character. In particular it became from 
its short and equable stanzas and antithetic character the usual 
vehicle for pi)litical and moral sentiments in Solon and Theognis, 
with other less-known poets called Gnomists, or writer of sen- 
tences, whose verses may be regarded as the beginning of ethical 
philosophy in Greece. 

A much greater advance was made in the iambic and trochaic 
metres, which from their treble or unequal {pmXaaioC) times are 
better adapted than the equal dactylic flow of the hexameter or 
the elegy for rapidity and vehemence. Of the two the trochaic 
(or 'runner'), descending from long to short, is the more light 
and rapid ; the iambic, rising from short to long, is more forcible, 
and when constructed in lines of six feet combines the continuity 
of the heroic measure with a simplicity which is suited to 
common subjects. The invention, or at least the perfection, of both 
is probably due to Archilochus. This extraordinary genius the 
unanimous voice of antiquity pronounced to be on the whole the 
equal of Homer, in force and feeling and variety his superior.' 
Intense, passionate, individual, full of life and force, he influenced 
literature as no other poet but Homer has done before or since. 
Of four capital changes, each the source of many more in later 
times, he must be considered to have been the author. Firstly, 
he was the earliest to reduce to form, if not to invent, perhaps 
the elegy and almost certainly the trimeter iambic, tetrameter 
trochaic, the anapaestic, choriambic, and Ionic metres, the bases . 
of all later developments. In some cases the foot may have 
been earlier known, but it was he who defined the length of lines 
and the laws of versification ; and the varied forms of lyric poetry 
in a nearly perfect form seem to have been as spontaneous expres- 

^ Homer was thought superior in invention. 

144 LYRIC 

sions of the moods of his mind as are particular musical tones of the 
length and tension of a string. Secondly, he was the first, with 
the partial exception of Hesiod and perhaps of Callinus and 
Tyrtaeus, to clothe in poetry personal and contemporary instead 
of legendar)- subjects. Thirdly, he first substituted common, terse 
and simple diction, the parent of Ionic and Attic prose, for the 
diffuse pomp of the Epic style. Lastly, it is not too much to say 
that his habitual and unsparing vituperation of all men and human 
things was the commencement of criticism and satire in Greece. 

So far the lonians, always full of change, have taken the 
lead in invention. But lyrics proper were perfected by other 
races. Lyric poetry derives its name from its close association 
with instrumental music. It is probaljle that whilst the narrative 
parts of the Epic poems were in recitation accompanied, if accom- 
panied at all, only by a continuous and monotonous strain, certain 
passages of a livelier spirit were arranged to livelier music under 
the names of Nomes or Arrangements. But so long as the lyre 
possessed only four strings even these can hardly have been much 
diversified. They became more various on the introduction of flutes 
or clarionets (from their great compass called -irafjulmvot av\oi), and 
still more when Terpander added three strings to the lyre. From 
this time poetry and music become closely united, and strictly 
lyrical poetry begins. From the first it was of two kinds. 

One kind (the purely lyrical) consisted of a series of short and 
similar stanzas or strophes made up of lines also more or less 
similar in themselves, intended for recitation by an individual 
with a musical accompaniment entirely subordinated to the 
words. Such were the alcaic and sapphic stanzas, and others 
• which are preserved only in Horace — measures adapted to express 
short bursts of individual passion but too nionotonous in re- 
petition for a long and continuous composition. They were 
cultivated, after Archilochus, chiefly by the passionate and 
impulsive Acolians of Lesbos and the neighbouring settlements, 
and perfected by Alcaeus, Sappho, and the fervid Ionian 
Anacreon, whose harp was of twenty strings — the poets of love 

POETS. 145 

and wine. After Anacreon this kind of poetry seems to have 
declined before the choral forms and to have become confined to 
scolia or drinking catches, such as the song of Harmodius and 
Aristogeiton, extemporised or recited at banquets by various 
guests in their turns as the myrtle-branch was handed from right 
to left round the table. 

In the other kind not only the music was relatively of more 
importance, but there was a further accompaniment of dancing 
which tended to become the dominant element of the whole, and 
the words were sung not by one voice but by the whole chorus or 
company of dancers. Hence this kind was known as choric or 
dance-poetry. This also was perfected by the Aeolians, but ex- 
clusively under Dorian patronage and in connection with Dorian 
games and dances and the worship of the Dorian god Apollo 
in the Peloponnese. It divided itself into several branches, 
varying with the nature of the subjects and with the different 
degrees of importance given to the words, the music, or the 
dance. In the paean, or Apollo-song, the most elevated and 
severe species, the poetry seems to have been dominant; as 
was the dance in the hyporcheme, a less severe variety, in which 
gestures and mimicry to a great extent superseded words. The 
artistic combination of the dancing with the poetry is attributed 
to Thaletas, and to Alcman, the Horace of Greece ; the in- 
troduction of a trained professional chorus to Arion ; and the 
perfection of a threefold arrangement in strophes, antistrophes, 
and epodes — that is, long stanzas of continuous and complex 
rhythm intended to be sung by the chorus advancing, corres- 
ponding stanzas to be sung by the chorus retreating, and con- 
cluding parts to be sung at rest — to Stesichorits : whence the 
' triad of Stesichorus ' came to signify the elements of a liberal 
education. One peculiar form of choric ode is important both 
from its estimation and culture in Dorian Greece and from its 
connection with the Attic drama. Archilochus had composed 
paeans to Dionysus, like the paeans of Apollo. To these Arion 
gave the distinct form of the dithyramb or cyclic song of 


146 LYRIC 

Dionj'sus, sung by a chorus of satyrs in circular dance round his 
altar with a poetical monologue or dialogue embodying some ad- 
venture of the god : and Lasus of Hermione (Pindar's master) 
freed them from the trammels of antistrophic arrangement. In 
character these dithyrambs were turbulent and enthusiastic. They 
seem in earlier times to have been commonly composed in the 
trochaic tetrameter. In subject the choral poems generally were 
for the most part grave and treated of legendary subjects and the 
adventures of the gods. In the hands of Stesichorus they even 
became epic in character, like passages of Homer rewritten in 
lyric diction and form. 

After the time of Stesichorus Sparta ceased to take the lead, 
the Pythian games became a national school of music and 
poetry, and 13'rical composition from the middle of the sixth 
century to the time when it becomes merged in the Attic drama 
is of no particular tribe or place in Greece, although, in that 
choral species which Sparta perfected, it retained throughout its 
career of increasing splendour the Dorian impress in form and 

It is not known that Simonides or Bacchylides made any inno- 
vations in the form or scope of lyrical poetry. Their fragments 
show an advance in elaboration and sweetness of expression, but 
they founded no school or style, and Pindar reads them many 
sententious lessons on their acquiescence in unworthy traditions, 
and their reliance upon art rather than upon inborn force and 
truth. Even Pindar's own innovations were rather in spirit than 
in form. It was by the example of his elevation in 'thought and 
tone that he founded a scliool which has lasted into modern 
times. There is in his triumphal odes no passion, no creation of 
character or incident, scarcely any construction or subordination 
of personages, situations, or times, conducing to the vivid pre- 
sentation of ideas or sentiments. In all, the motive, and to a 
great extent the treatment, is the same. A Greek has been 
victor in one of the great national games at a time when the 
games were the principal expression of Greek nationality, and 

POETS. 147 

had more glory to give than even poetry, politics, or war, and his 
victory had to receive that poetical celebration without which no 
success was complete. Pindar uses the opportunity to bring out 
the heroic and ideal side of life. The victory is regarded as the 
crown of the victor's existence, the blossom of the perfection of 
his house, the complement and result of personal worth, family 
greatness, and ancestral connection with gods and heroes, some- 
thing which gives a largeness and greatness to the present akin to 
those of the past. It is not in novelty of form, or variety of 
idea or illustration, but in the sustained elevation of thought and 
style with which from this point of view human life is regarded, 
that Pindar's originality appears. 

Of the relations between music and poetry in the lyrical age 
we know little more than that the ancients considered different 
modes, and even different genera of music, and to some extent 
different instruments, to have been naturally appropriate to 
different kinds of subjects and to have possessed in themselves 
distinct moral and emotional properties ; and that, of the two, 
the music was generally subservient. Whether there was the 
same appropriation of music to metre as of music to subject is 
more doubtful, though it is often affirmed and though the same 
persons are constantly treated as the inventors of corresponding 
musical and metrical forms. What is more certain is that music 
and poetry generally were not till a late period commonly 
separated in use. The same general name of Music and the 
same technical terms belong to both in common ; and the lyre 
was as much the Muses' as Apollo's, and even when used to lead 
the dance was associated with song. It was not till poetry in its 
iambic form in the drama had discarded music that music in 
return set up for itself and became a separate branch of art, 
though the origin of the separation may be dated back to that 
introduction of the flute which first necessitated a division of the 
musician from the singer. Beautiful as the remains of the Greek 
lyrical poetry still are, they must yet necessarily have lost much 
of their original beauty with the loss of the musical commentaries 

L 2 


so delicately adjusted to the idea and to the rhythm. To us they 
come as comparatively cold and bare without their interpreting 
and guiding music, as Greek architecture without its colour. 

There may not be much reason to regret the fate which has 
left only the Iliad and the Odyssey to represent the cycle of 
Greek epics ; but it is otherwise with the loss of the lyrical 
writers. For more than a century and a half of the most stirring 
times of Greek history, an unbroken succession of poets did not 
cease to produce poems for the chief relations of public and 
private life in their perpetual repetition through successive 
generations, for national games and local festivals from year to 
year, for banquets and dances, marriages and funerals, from day 
to day, and to many of these the consent of antiquity gave high, 
to some the very highest praise. Yet of all these scarcely one 
remains to us entire, with tlie exception of forty-four odes of 
Pindar, all of one kind. Of other lyrical poets perhaps six 
thousand lines, or fragments of lines, remain, many of them pre- 
served less for their beauty than for their religious or critical or 
grammatical interest. But such as they are, they are yet our 
best records of the opinions and tone of thought of the Greeks 
of that age. The poets were the great instructors of Greece, 
and even their fragments reflect better than late historians the 
manners and mind of their time. 



A luar-song. 

Tt/ifjey Te yap eori Koi aykaav avhpi \xa-)(^(y6ai 

•y^f Tiipi KCLi iraihoiv Kovpidlrjs r a.\6)^ov 
dvafieveaiv' dduaros 8e tut eaaeTai, onnoTf Kev 8rj 

Moipai eTriKXaxTacr' , dXkd ris I0vs 'Itu> 
fyX°s avaaxop.evos koi In daivlbos aXKifxov r)Top 5 

eXaas, to TrpcoTOV fxiyvppfvov TroXepov. 
ov yap Kcos ddvarov ye (f)vyelv dpappevov earlv 

avbp , ovb el TTpoyovciv fj yevos (iBavaTOiv. 
TToXXoKt difiorrJTa cfivycbv Kal dovnov {ikovtuiv 

epxeTai, ep 8' o'lKoi poipa Ki^ev davdrov' lo 

aXX 6 pev ovK epTras brjpoi (piXos ov8e 7ru6eiv6s, 

TOP 8 oXi'yos (TTei'dxei Kal peyas, rjv ri Trddrf' 
Xaw yap (jvpnavTi nodos Kparepocppovos dvSpoi 

BvrjCTKOVTos' {cowf S' a^Liis I'jpLdeoov' 
coaTrep yap piv nvpyov ev ocpdaXpoiaiv opooaiv' 1 ^ 

€p8ei yap iroWav a^ia povvos ecov. 

ijo T E R PA N D E R. 



To Zeus. 

Zev navTcov ap)(a, 
TtaVTcav dyrjTcop, 
Zev, croi TrefXTTco 
TavTav vjxvcov dpxdv. 




He serves Ares and the Muses. 

'£X\ii S eyo) depuTTcov piv EvvaXioi.o avaKTOi, 
Koi Movae'av eparov dcopov enKTraptvos, 


Spear ever in hand. 

'Ei/ ^opi piv pni pd^a pepaypivrj, (u 8op\ 8' oivos 
'itrpxtpmos, TTiVo) S' fu 8op\ KfKKiptvos. 


The Euboeaits at war. 

Ov Toi TToAX* eVt To^a ravvcrcrfTai. ov8e BaiielaL 
(Ti^ievhovai, evr ai> 8t] fiaXov Aprjs (Tvvayr) 

iv TTebioa' ^t0e'coi' Be iroKvaTOVOv ecra-fTai fpyov' 
TavTTjs yap Kflvoi dalfioves fieri pnx^^ 

BfaiTorai Ev^oi-qs tovpiKKvroi. 

Wine on board ship. 
'AX\' aye, crvi/ KaQavL dorjs 8ta afXp-ara vrjos 
(boira Kai KoiXoov natpaT ac^eXfce Kadcov, 
(iypei S' olvov ipvBpbv dno rpvyos' ov8e yap ripels 
VTjCpeiv iv <pv\aKrj TrjBe 8vvT](r6p(6a. 

His shield. 
'Ao-TTtSt pev "S-aimv rtj ayaXkfTai, i]V Ttapa 6apvco 

evTos apwprjTOv KaXXt-nov ovk edeXav' 
avTos 8' e^ecjivyov Bavdrov reXos' aams tmivq 
fppeTco' f^avTis KTr](Topai ov Kan'ia. 


Nil admiran. 
Ov poi TCI Tvyeoi rov iroXvxpvaov peXei, 
ovS" eiXe ttco pe ^'/Xo?, ouS' dyaiopat 
6eS)V epya, peydXr]s S" ovK epeco Tvpavvihos' 
dnonpodev yap icrriv ocpOaXpSov epcov. 




"Exovaa 6aX\6v nvpaivrjs irepTrero 
poBrjs Tf KoKov av6os, rj 8e ul KOfjirj 
cofxovs KartCTKia^e Koi /xera^pei/a. 


Trust to the gods. 

ToTs Bfoii TiBei to. iravra' TroXkuKts p-eu eK KaKav 
avdpai 6p6ov(riv p^Xaivr] Kfipevovs eVl ^dovl, 
TToXXa/ct? S" avarpiTTovai nai pa)C (v ^(^rjKoras 
virriovs kKIvovct " enena ttoXKo. yiyvfrai koku, 
Koi ^iov XP^M?? TrXai/arat Kai voov Traprjopos. 5 


T/ie good captain. 

Ov (piKeco peyav GTparrjyov ovbe. biaTmiKtypivov, 
ov8e ^oarpixoKTi yavpov oiib' vjrf^vprjpeuov, 
aWd pot (TpiKpos Tis f'lr) Koi 7rep\ Kvrjpas I8e7v 
poiKos, d(T(f)a\ea>s ^{jBrjKOis 7roaa\, Kapdirjs 7r\eos. 



6vpf, 6vpL upr^xuvoifTi. Kr]hf(Tiv KVKwpeve, 

ilva S" i'x^v pfvcop T (lAe'^ev npoaf^oKuv ivavriov 

(TTepvov, ev boKoiaiv t^dpuiv TrKTjaiov Karaaradus 


a(Tcf)d\e(t)i' koi (irjTe vikcov afj.(f)d8r]v dydXXeo, 

fjirjre viKrjBds iv oIkco KaraTrecrafv oBvpeo' 5 

aXXa ■f^apToiaiv re ;f«Ipe koi KaKoicnv atrx'^'^^i 

ji-q Xirjv' yiyvaaKf S' oios pvcTfios civdpoiTTOVs i'xft. 


A coming storm. 
V\avK , opa, ^adiis yap ^8r] Kvpatriv Tapdacerai 
TTomos, ap(f)\ S aKpa Fvpeav upOov IcrTaTai v((pos, 
(TTipa xfipavos' Kixdvei 6' e$ deXiTTiTjs ^d/3os. 


JVtl desperandtim. 
Xp7]paTa>v uiKnrov ovbiv icmv ov8^ dircopiOTOv, 
ov8e 6avp.dcnov, eVetS/) Zevs ivarijp ^OXvpnlcov 
(K fj.€(Ti]p^piT]s edrjKe vvkt dTTOKpvt^as (pdos 
rjXiov XdpiTOVTOs' Xvypop 6' ^X^* eV dvdpmirovi Seoy. 
iK 8e Tov Koi TTiaTa ndirra KanieXiTTa yiyverai c 

dv8pd(TiV prjSels ed' vpav elaopmp davpa^era, 
prj8 orav 8eX(fHcn dijpfs dvrapeh^avrat. vopov 
evoKiov Kai a<piv 6iiXd(T<TJ]s rix^evTa Kvpara 
(fiiXTep' ipTfipov yevrjTai, Toiaiv rjbiov 8' opus. 

T/ie Dithyrajnh. 
i2y AiMZO'croi' avuKTOs KaXov e^dp^ai piXos 
ni8a bidvpap^ov, otvco (TvyKfpavvccdfls (f>pevas. 



Simonides of Arnorgus. 


Change and decay. 

Ovbev ev dvOpuTroiai fievei XP^H-' eH-Trebov alfi' 

fv 8e TO KuXXiarov Xto? eenrev dvrjp' 
ott) irep (f)v'k\uv yevei], roir) 8e Ka\ av8p(oV 

navpoi ixfjv 6vr]T<i>v ovacri 8e|a/iei/oi 
(TTepvois eyKaTfdevTO- napeari yap cXttI? eKaara, 

nvbpoiP TJ re veav arTr]decTiv ip.(pveTai. 
eur]Ti>v 8' o(t>pa Tif avdoi i'xj) iTo\vi]paTOV i)^r]i, 

KOv(pov e'xcDV 6vp.ov noW uTeXearn vofC 
ovTt yap eXTTi'S' e'xet yrjpacrepifv oi/Ve eaveladai, 

ovS' vyirjs orav j;, (ppovrib" e'x" Kap^arov. 
VTfTTWi ols TavTT] Ketrai voos, owfie 'tcraa-iv 

as xpovoi eo-<9' ij^rjs Ka\ ^uWoi oXi'yos 
dvTjTo'ii- aXKa av ravra fxaOlov ^lotov ttoti repp-u 

■^vxv Twi' dyadav tXtjOl xaptCofievos. 


Li/e^s -uncertainty. 

'Q Trai, reOvos \i.kv Zei/s e^" ^apvKTViroi 
TzuvTOiv oa eari, koi ridrja onij deXeC 
pooi S' ovK eV dvOpoiTroicnV aXV f(f)fjp(poi. 
a Hrj lioT aid (Sipev, oibeu etbores, 
orrcos {Kacrrnv fKTfXevTrjafi Bfos. 



eXTTts fie TTcivras Kannrfidelr] rpe0ei 

anprjKTOv opjxaivovTas' ol fiev fjfiepTji/ 

fievovmv eXdelv, ol 8' ertav Ttepirpoivas. 

vecora S' ov8e\s ocrns ov 8ok€£i 0poTU>v 

TrXourm re Kayadolaiv l^eaBai nXtov. lo 

(poavfi 8i Tov p,iv yrjpas t'i^rjXov Xa/36i/, 

Trpiv repp, iKrjrcUj tovs 8e 8v(TTr)voi vocroi 

(f)aeipovai dvrjraiv, rovi 8' "Apei 8€8prjpei'OVS 

TTfpTvei peXalvtjs 'AIStjs vtto )(6ov6s' 

ol 8 iv daXdaar) XaiXaTTt Kkovevpevoi 15 

Koi Kvp,a<nv iroWoiai Ttopcpvprjs akos 

6vr]<TK0V(Tiv, eiiT av ev 8vvT]cra>vTai ^'kiv' 

ol 8 ay)(6vr]v arj/'avTO 8v(TTrjvu) popco, 

KavrdypeToi XeiVovfrtf rjXiov (f)dos. 

ovTO) KUKwv (m ov8iv' aXKa pvpiai 20 

jSpoToicTL Krjpes KdveTTicjipaaToi 8vai 

Kui TrrjpaT eariw el S" epol TTidoiaTO, 

ovK av Kanav epcopev, ovb in aXyeaiv 

KaKois (^ovres Qvphv ai.Ki^oipeda. 

Modo 7ton genus otime perostis foemineztiu. 

Xcopls yvvaiKos 6e6s enoirjcrev voov 

TO. irpS)Ta' Tr)v peu f^ vos TavvTpf)(Os, 

Tjj navT dv oIkou ^op^opco Tre(pvppeva 

uKOcrpa Kcirat Km Kvkiu8eTai ;^a/Aat" 

avTrj S' ciXovTos dTrXvTois t iv eipaaiv 5 

iv K07rpir](Tiv Tjpevr] TriaLveTai. 


Tr)v 8' e'l dXiTprjS 6e6s e6r]< oKamKOS 
yvvaiKa, Trdprcov tdpiv' ov8e jxw kokcov 
'Ki'\r)6ep ovbev, oiide twv afj-etvovav. 

TO fx€v yap aiiTcbv eiVe noWaKis KaKov, 10 

TO 8' ia&\6v' opyrju S' dXKoT aXKoirju ex^i- 
Tf)v 8' 6K Kvvos XiTnpyov, avTop.T]Topa, 
7) -navT cLKOvaai, iravTa &' el8evai 6e\ei., 
TrdvTT) 8e TTairra'ivovaa km irXava>fiivr) 

XAjjAcei/, ^v Koi firjbev dvdpancov opa. 15 

Tzavcreie 8' t'lv pnv ovt aTreiKrjaas avrjp, 
oiib' (I xo^(^^^^^ e^apd^eiiv \i6(0 
odovrai, OVT uv /ifiXi'^ws nvdeipLevoi, 
ov8' el Trapa ^e'lvouriv rjnevj] Tvxoi' 
aXX' fp.Tre8ois cmprjKTOv avovijv e;(fi. 20 

Tfjv 8e TrXdaavTes yr]tvr}v 'OXv)n7riot 
fbcoKav dvbpl TrrjpoV ovre yap Ka»c6«', 
OVT ecrffkov oiidev aide ToiavTr] yvvT], 
fpyav Se fiovvov eadUiv eTTicrTaTai' 

Knits' fjv KaKQV ;(et/xa)ya TTOtfjO-j] 6eos, 25 

piyaxra di(ppov aaaov eXKeTai nvpos. 

Tt]v 8' CK doKdaarjs, fj 8v iv (f)pf(T\v vofl, 
TTju pev yeXa re Kal yeyrjdeu fjpeprjv' 
enaivetrei piv ^dvos (v 86pois i8a)v' 

" OvK f(TTiv uXXt) TTiabe Xwicoi/ yvvrj 3° 

fv Tfdaiv dvOpoDTTOKTiv, ov8e KaXXto)!'. 
Trjv S" oiiK dvfKTOs ovt iv o(})6a\po'is I8e'iv, 
ovt' aaaov iXBflv, dXXce paivtTai t6t€ 
nn\r]TOv, wn-iTtp dp.(pl TiKvoiviv kvcov' 
dufikixns 6€ TTUfri KdiroOvpirj 35 



I'XPpoidiv Ida Kai (piXoicri yiyveTcii. 

axTTTep dakaacra ttoXXukls fxev drpefifji 

ea-TtjK anrjfiav, X'^Pf^^ vavTj](Tiv fieya, 

dtpeos iv S>pTj, noXKaKis Se fiaiverai 

^apvKTvnotcn KUfiaaiv (poptvuevr) — j.o 

TaVTTj pLokldT fOlK€ TOiaVTTj yvvi]. 

opyr}v' (pvfjv Se ttovtos dXXoirjv e^ft. 

Tfjv S CK (TTroSfiJjs Kn\ naXivrpi^eos ovov, 
»j <Tvv T dvdyKT} (Tvv T ivnrfjaiv fiuyis 

ea-rep^ev av anavTa Koi Trovrjcraro 45 

dpfOTa' roc^pa 8' eadiei fiep iv pv^ui 
Tvpovv^, TTporjuap, eadUi S' eV ea^dprj' 
oixSas (5e Km Tvpos epyov d(f)poBl.cnnv 
i\66vff eratpov ovtivwv eSf^aro. 

Ttjv S eK yaX^s, Svarrjvov ol^vpov yevos. t^o 

Kfivr] yap ov ri koKov ov8' iiripepov 
TTpucreaTiv, ov8e repTrvov, ov8^ epdapiov 
evvTJs 5 d\r)i/T]s ecrriu dtppobiairjs, 
Tov 6 ui/Spa Tov TTupovTa vavcrlj] 8186I' 

KXcTTTovcra 8 epBei noWa yeirovas koko, i^i, 

advara 8 Ipa ttoXXokis Kareadifi. 

Ti)v 8 LTTTTOS afiprj ■)(aiT€e(T(T' iyflvaro, 
1] 8ovXi epya /cat 8vr)v Trepirpepef 
KOVT uv pvXrjs y^uvdeuv, ovre KotTKivou 

itpeiev, ovT€ Konpov e^ o'ikov /SaXoi, 60 

ovre TTpos Invov, dcr^oKrjv dXevpevrj, 
i^oiT • dvdyKT] K av8pa TroieiTat (j)ihov. 
XovTai 8e ndarji fjfxfprjs mto pinrov 
8ls, aXXore rpls, /cat fivpois dXelcpeToi' 


aiei he xa[Tr]v iKTivi(T\iivr)v <j)opel 6:; 

^aOilav. civdefioKTii' ecTKiacTfJLfvijv. 
KaXov fiiv Oiv Oerj^a Toiavrrj yvuT) 
aXXoicri, Tw S ()(oi/Ti yiyverai kqkov, 


ooTis ToiovTois dvfiov dyXal^erai. 70 

TtJV S' £K 77l6t]KOV' TOVTO Bt] StO/CpiSol/ 

Zfits avSpdaiv peyifTTOv wnaafv kukov. 

iucrxi-'^Ta fiep npoauma' roiavrr] yvvrj 

(i(Tiv 81 aareos irdcnv dvBpunvon yeXcos" 

iiT avx^va ^paxela^ Kivelrai poyis, y^ 

aTTvyor, avroKcoXos' ai raXas dvrjp, 

ooTts KaKov ToiovTov ayKaXi^f-ai. 

^Tjvea Se ndm'a Kai rponovi (Trlararai, 

SxTirep TTidrjKos, ov8f ol yeXcoy ptXei. 

ovo nv riv (V (p^fuv, aKKa tovo opa, 80 

Koi TOVTO ndaav f]p.eprfv j3ovXfveTai, 

OKcos Tiv wy fXiyioTov ep^eiev kukov. 

Tfju d' €K peXia-a-rjs' ri]v ris evruxel Xa/3coi/' 
Kfivr] yap oir) piopos ov Trpoai^dvei, 

BdXKfi 8 VTT avTtjs KUTTae^erai fiios' 85 

(pCKr) Se a^v (f)iKevvTi yrjpdaKfi noad, 
T€Kov(Ta KoKov KOvvopdicKvTov yevos' 
KapnrpfTrrjs pev iv yvvai^X yiyverai 
•nd(TD(n, dfirj b' dp^ihtbpopev X"/"^' 

ovb (V yvvai^Xv TjdeTai Kadrjpfvr], f)0 

oKov Xeyovcriv dc^pohiaiovs \6yovs. 

Tolas yvvalKas dvSpdcriv xoplC^Tai 
Zfvs Tas dpicTTas Koi 7ro\v(f)pa8f(rT<iTas' 


TO. 8 ahiXa cf}vXa ravTa firj^av^ Aios 

i'aTiv re Tiiifia, Ka\ nap' dvdpacriv fievei. cjj 

Zevs yap peytarov tovt imnrjaev KaKov, 
yvvoLKas' rjv ti koI BoKwaiv ox^eAeji/, 
e'xovTi Toi pakiara yiyverai kokov. 
OX) yap KOT fv({)p(ov rjpeprjv 8ifpxfTai 

anacrav, oa-ris crvv yvvacKi neXfTai. .100 

ouS' niyj/'a \ipuv oIk'ltjs aTvuxrerai, 
ixGpov (TVVoiKTjTrjpa, bvarpevea 6e6v. 
avrjp d OTav paXiara 6vpr)8eiv Bokj/ 
Knr oiKov T] 6eov poipav fj avOpwTvov ^P-pi-v, 
evpoiicra pwpov es pdxi^ Kopvaaerai. iO(^ 

OKQV yvvf] yap ((ttiv, ovS" es oIkitju 
^elvov poXovra Trpo(pp6vcos Sexoiaro. 
fJTis 8e TOL paXitrra acocf) povelv 8oKel, 
avTt] peyiara rvyxavei XcofBcopevr]' 

Kex^voTOs yap dv8p6s — ol 8i yeiroves no 

Xaipova- opoiVTfs Kai tov, as apaprdvei, 
TT]v T]v 8' eKaaros alveaei pepvrjpfvos 
yvva^Ka, t>)v Se Tovrepov pcopfjaeTai' 
carjv 8 exovres poipav ov yiyvaicrKopev. 

Zevi yap peycarov tovt eno'irjcrev kokov, 115 

Ka\ 8e<rp6p dp<^i6r]Kfv appr]KTov TreBrjs, 
e^ ovT€ Tovs piv 'Al8t]s eSe^aTO 
yvvaiKos eiveK dp(f)i8r]pia)pei'ovs. 

i6o ALCMAiV. 




"Eoti rtf (Tiutv TLcris' 
ob' oXjSto?, ooTtf evcPpuv 

u^f'pav diaTrKeKfi 
aK\av(TTOs . eyuiv o aeioco 

AytSw? TO {/)a)s' opco ■:; 

p <ar aAiov, oinrtp ufxiv 

'AyiSo) paprvperai 

(paivev' ipe 8 ovt enuivev 

ovre papea-Bai viv a Kkivva xopayoi 

nu8apo3s ij}' 8oKeei yap fjpev avra lo 

eKTrptTTTjs Tcos anrep at tis 

iv ^oTols ardcTfiep "imtov 

iraybv aedXocpopov Kavaxn'n'oba, 

TU)V inTOTT€Tpl8lO)V OVfipcOV. 

H ovx opfjs ; 6 ptv KfXrji 15 

EvfTiKos' a Be x^'-'''^ 

TCLi ffias dve^iui 
AyT]aix('>ptii enat/6{i 
Xpvcros Mr aKi}paroi, 
TO T apyvpiov TrpoacoTTov 20 

fita^aSaj/ ri rot Xeyco ; 

ALCMAN. x6, 

Ayrja-ixopa fifp avra' 
a8e bivrepa neS" 'AyiScbi/ to el8os 
iTTTTOs el^rjvca KoXa^ des bpafXiiTai. 

rat UeXeidbes yap afxiv 25 

OpOia (pdpos (f)fpoicrais 
vvKTa 6' dp^poaiav dyedrjpiov 
aa-Tpov aieipoixevai pd^ovTai. 

Ovre yap ri 7Top(f)vpas 
Toa-aos Kopos cocrr dpvvai, 30 

oiVe TTOiKiKos bpdndiv 
TTayxpva-ios, ov8e pirpa 
Av8ia, veavibuiv 
iavhv Kpord^atv liyaXpa, 
ov8e Toi NavvSis Kopai, 
dXX' oils' 'Epdra aiei^rjs, 
ov8e 2v\aKis re Koi KXerjcnarjpa, 
ovd" es Ahrja-ip^poras iv6ol<Ta (f)a(Te:s- 
AaTa(Pis T€ poi yevoiTo 
KoX TvoTrjveTTOi <i>i\v\Xa, 
Aapaina r epard re 'lavdepls" 
dXX' 'Ayrjaixopa ^e Trjpfi. 

Ov yap a Kak\ia(pvpos 

'Ayrjaixopa irdp avrel ; 

'Ayi8ol pea-cj)' dp fxevei, 

6w(TTrjpia Klip! inaivfl. 

aXXd Tdp8' dpcoVj aiot^ 

Of^aa-d'' aTTOj/z^rt aVa 





i62 ALCMAN. 

(cai reXos" ypav<: to ti^ 

eiTTOi/xi K* "aTrai/ [liv avTci 50 

Tzapaepoi ixdrav dno Bpavoi \eXaKa 

y\av^'" iyiov hi to. fiiv 'Awn /idXtora 

avbuvT)v epa>' irovav yap 

a/jLiv Idrap eyevTO. 

(^ ' Ayrfo-ixdpai Sf vedviSfs 55 

rj p a'lvas f paras kire^av. 

Mwtr' aye, KaXXioVa, dCyarep Aioy, 
«p;)(' ipuTcbv infav, eVi S' ipepov 
vfiva Ka\ xaplevra rlBfi x^P""' 

TVz^ a^^^ /^i?^ 
Ov p.' en, TTapOeviKal p.eXiyapv(s lp.€p6(})a>voi, 
-/v'la (jitpeiv bivarai- ^d\e 8t] ^d\e KtjpvXos f1r]v, 
iis T eVi Kvparos av6os dp! d\Kv6ve(T(n iroT^Tai 
vrjXfyfs TJTOp fX'^v, a\in6p(j)vpoi e'lapos opvis. 

noXXuKt 8' €V KOpv(fia'is opeaiv, oKa 
deolaiv dBj) TToXiKpapos iopra, 
Xpiia-iov ayyos exo(.(Ta ptyav aKvcpop, 
old re TTOipiVis (ivSpes exovcriv, 
Xfp«rl Xeovreiou yu\a drjcrao, 
Tvpov fTvprjaas p.iyav arpv^ov upyKpovrav. 



The sleep of the hills. 

Y.voovniv 8' 6pea)v Kopv(j)ai re koL <pdpayy(s, 

Trpdoves re Koi. x^pabpai, 
<pvWa 6' fpTrerd ff ocraa rpfcj^ei ptXawa yaia, 
Gripes T opea-Kmoi koi yevos neXiaa-dv 
Koi Kvo)8aX' eV ^tvBeai 7rop(f)vpeas dXos' 5 

fv^ovaiv 8 oiaivSsv 
(pvXa TavvTTTepvycju. 



A war-song. 

TeBvapevai yap koXov eVi TTpopaxoiai. Treaovra 

avop ayavov Tvepl fj TrarplBi papvdpevov. 
TTjv avTOv TTpoXiTTovra noXiv koi niovas dypovs 

TTTto^eveiv TtdvTcov tuT aviTjporaTOv, 
TrXa^opeuov trvu pr]Tp\ <})iXj] koi rrarpl ytpovri 5 

TraicTL re crvv piKpois Kovpidirj t dX6vci>. 
e^dpos pev yap Toiai pfTsacrfTai. ovs iciv iKTjTai 

Xpf](Tpo(TVjnj T eiKU)V Ka\ (TTvyepfj Trevirj, 
aiaxvvei re yei/os, kutu 8' dyXaov et'Sos €Xey)((i,, 

naicrl S' dripir) Ka\ KaKoTTjs tTrerat. 10 

ft ovTcos dv8p6s Toi dXcopevov oiSf/it" (Spr; 

yiyvtrai, ovt atSwy ovr onis ovt eXeor, 
M 2 


Ovfia yrjs nepi Trja-^e fia^ajufBa Koi nepi naiBoiv 

dvi](TKaifi(v ■^vx^EOiv fir]K(Ti (pfiSofievoi. 
(i> veoij uWa fj.d)(€a6e nap aXXrjXoiai ptvovres, 15 

fJ.rj8e (pvytjs alcrxp^s up)(eTe p.r]8e (}>6(iov, 
aWa peyav iroulade Koi uXkiixou ev (f)peal Qvfxov, 

(jirjSe (f)iKo\f/v)(€lr iivSpdai fiapvapevoC 
Toiis 8e TvakmoTtpovi, hv ovKeri. yovvar eXacfypa, 

fit] KciTaXfLTTOVTes (pevyere, rovs yepaiovs' 20 

aicrxpov yap dr) tovto ptrd npondx^oicrt irecrovTa 

Kuadai TTpoade vecov av8pa naXaioTepov, 
fjbrj XevKov e)(OVTa Kapt] noXiov re yivaov, 

6vp.ov imuTTVfiovT uXKip.ov iv kovitj, 
aljxaToevT aldola (jjiXais iv )(€pa\v e^opra — 25 

aia)(p6v T dcfjdaXfjLols Kal vep.ecrrjroi' I8elv — 
Ka\ XP^^ yvpvcodevTa' veoicri 6e navT ineoiKfv, 

b<pp fpaTTJs f]^r]s dyXaov avdos e^jj' 
avbpdcTi pev Btjtjtos Ideiv, epaTos Se yvvai^\v, 

(cobs iiav, kqXos S eV Trpopdxoicrt 7Te(T0)v. 30 


T/ie warrior. 

*AXX 'apaKkrjOs yap dviKTjTOv yevos eare, 

dapaflr, ovno) Zevs avx^va Xo^hv exef 
pr]K dvipwv nXrjdiiv SeipaiieTe, pi]8e (pojSelade, 

Wiis S* fls npopd^ovs dawid avfjp ix^TU), 
fX^P^" P^'^ '^^X'7'' Gip^voi, davuTOv 8e peXaivat 5 

Krjpas opoJS avyu'is ■qfXloi.o (fnXas. 
"iCTTe yap " t\pi]os noXvduKpvov tpy cu^rjXa' 

tv S' opyfjv ebdrjT upyaXfov TvoXtpov, 


(cai Trpoy (fievyovTcov re biaKovTOiv t eyeuecrde, 

di vioi, diJ.(f)OTepaiv S fls Kopov T]\uaaT€. 10 

01 fxep yap ToXfiaxri Trap' aX\i']'Koiai /xevovres 

fS T avToa)(€8ir]v Koi Trpopu^ovs Uvai, 
TravpoTepoi 6v{^(tkov(ti, craovtri Se \ahv onKraco' 

TpeacriivTcov S' dvdpav irdcr ajroXcoX' dpeTrj' 
ov8e\s 8 av TTore ravra Xeycov dvv(T€i€V eKaara, 15 

oaa , T]v ata-xp^*- "^^^^llj yiyvfrai dv8pi KaKa. 
dpyaXeop yap oiriade p.iTd(^pevov iarl 8ai^(iv 

av8p6s (f)evyovTos drjlay ep TroXefxco' 
alcrxpos 8 iari vtKvs KaKKeipepos ip kopitjo'iv 

pS)top oTTiuB' alxp^fi hovpos iXrjXapevoi. 20 

«XXd Tis fv 8ial3as pfperco ttooIv dp'jiOTfpGicriu 

aTTjpix&iis eVi yr]s, xe'CKos oSoCcri 8aKU)P, 
fiTjpovs Tf KPT] pas re Kara) koi areppa ku). &povs 

acTTTidos evpeiTjs yaarpl KaXvyp-dptpos' 
8f^iTfpfj 8' fp ;^etpt Tipaaaero} o^pipop eyxos, 2c^ 

KivfiTO) 8e X6(f)op dfipop vnep KecfmXfjs' 
epSeip S' o^pipa epya diSaaKeaSco Tro\fpi^u>Pj 

p.r]8 (KTos |3fXecoi/ eardrco daniS" e'xiov. 
<(XXd Tis iyyvs lap avTocrx^^ov e'yxd paKpat 

rj ^[(pei oiird^cop hrjlov upbp eXfTco' 30 

Ka\ noda nap ttoSI dels koi in danlSos da-nib* epetaas, 

fP 8e \6(f)0P re X6<f)a) koi Kvuerjp Kvperj 
Ka\ areppop areppoi nenXrjpepos dp8p\ pax('c6(o, 

T] ^i(f)€os Kanrjp rj 86pv paKpap fX6)P. 
vpels 8', Si yvpp?]Tes, vn danidos aXXodfP riXXos 31; 

nrcaa-aopTes peydXois jSaXXere p^fppaS/oty, 
bovpaai re ^earolcnp dKopTi^ovres fs avrovs, 

Tolai naponXoiai nXrjcriop laTapepoi. 


The glory of the brave. 

OvT av fivrjcraifXTjv ovt eV Xoyco nvhpa riOeijiiiv 

oijTe ttoSmu dpeTTjs ovre TraXaianocTvi'rjs, 
ovS' ft KvkKwttcov fj.ev exm fityeBui re ^equ re, 

viKOiT) he 6i(ov Qprj'iKiov Bo per] v, 
ouS' fl Ti6(ovoio (f)vr]u -^^apuoTepos e'lrj, ^ 

TrXovToirj de Mi'Sew Koi Kivvpeco paKiov, 
oib el Toi/raXiSeo) IleAoTroy j^triKevTepos e'u], 

yXuicraav S ' Adprjarov peiXix^oyrjpvv e)^oi. 
f/i'8' ft iracrav e)(ot 86^av nXrjv dovpi8os akKrjs' 

oil yap avTjp dya66i ytyverai ev noke poy, lo 

fl fiT] TerXair] p,ev opoiv (j}6vov aluaroevTa 

Koi drjiay opiyoiT eyyu^fi/ IcrTafxevus. 
7J8 aper^, rob' aedXov iv av6pu>noi(nv apicnov 

KaWidTuv re (f)epeip yiyverai dv8p\ vea. 
^vvuv 8 ecrdXov tovto noXrj't re navTi re 8r]pco, 15 

o(7Tts uvrjp Biotas iv irpopaxoicn p^vfi 
vatXefxeas, alaxpai 8e (jivyrjs enl Trdyxv Xddrjrai, 

^f/vxr]V Koi Ovpbv TXr]p,ov(i napdepevos, 
OapavuT) 8' eneaif rbv TrXrjalou iiv8pa TrctpecTTws' 

ovTOS avTjp dyaOos yiyverai iv TruXepco' 20 

aiyj/a 8e Svafieveuv dvbpwv erpeyj/e (fidXayyai 

Tprjxeiai, aTrov8[] t e(T)((Oe KVfia paxes' 
OS 8 avT ev TTpop,d)(Oicn ireauv (f)iXov olXfcre 6vpov 

u(TTv T€ Kui Xaov9 Koi Tiarep evKXeicra^, 
TtoXXa 8ia (TTepvoio Koi dcmlSos 6p,(j)aXoea(Tr]s 2^ 

Ka\ 8ia BcoprjKOs npucrdev iXrjXapevos, 


tI)V S 6\o(f)vpovTai fiiv ofiibs vioi r]8e yepovres, 

apyaXeo) re nodco Trdaa KeKrjSe noXis' 
Koi TVfji^os Koi TralSes iv dvdpunrois dpiarjfioi, 

Koi naibav 7rai8fs koi yivos i^oTTiaco. 30 

nv8e TTOTf Kkios icrffkbv dnoWvrai ovS' ovopH aiirov, 

aX\ vno yrjs Ttep icop yiyuerai ddiimiTos, 
ovTiv (tpiarevovTn pevovrd re p.apvdiiev6v re 

yrfs TTfpi Koi naiboav Oovpos "Apijs oXe'a-?/. 
rjv Se (pvyrj fiev Krjpa Tavrjkfyeos davdroio, 35 

viKTjCTas S' alx/J^ijs dyXaov fv^os fXrj, 
TTaPTeg p.iv Tipaxriv o/jwy veoL T]8e ttoXuioI, 

TToXXa fie Tfpivva nadwv fp^erai els ^AtdqV 
yrjpdcTKav acTToicn, jxeTanpind, ov8e ris avrov 

^XdnTfiv ovT al8ovs ouVe dUrjs e'^tXet, 40 

nduTes 8 iv daiKOKTiv ofias veoi ot re kut avrbv 

(lkov(t' eK x^P^^ ^"'- '''^ naXaiOTepoi, 
TavTTjs viiv Tis dpTjp dperrjs els aKpov iKeadac 

TTeipda-dco 6vp.a, p.r} p.edie\s iroXepov. 



' Kyer, a> 2ndpTas evdv8pov 
Kovpoi narepav TToXiaTdv, 
Xaia p.ev 'Ltvv Trpo^dXea-de, 
86pv 8e^irepa S' evToXpLcas 
ftf] cpeMfxevoi rds ^coaj" 
ou yap TTurpiov to. '2ndpTq, 



Mimnermus . 

Vivajims atque amemus. 

Ti's hi ^ios, ri 8e repirvov nrep XP^<^^V^ 'A^poStV?;? ; 

Tf6valr)v, ore fioi /iijKc'ri Taiira jxeXoi, 
KpvnTa8iT] (piXoTTjs Koi jitftXt;^a bwpa Koi evvrj' 

fi ^^Tjs civdfa ylyvtrai apTvakea 
avbpdaiv Tjbe yvvai^iv iirii 8' odvvTjpov eTreXOr] 5 

yrjpai, 6 T alcrxp^" opais /cat kuXov civbpa Tide'i, 
nUi piv (})pevas afKJn KaK<f\ reipovcn papipvai, 

ouS' avyas irpoaopiov repTTfrai r)(Xiov, 
dXX' fxdpos (xev nat(T\v, dripaaros Se yvvai^iv 

ovTtds opyaXeov y^pas i'drjKt 6(6s. 1 o 


' T/ie leaves of hope? 
'H/ifly 8' Old Tf (j)vXXa (})vei TroXvuvdeos coprj 

f'apos, OT m-\l/ avyrjs uv^frai r)(Xiov, 
To'is "iKfXoi TTTixviov eVt xp^vov (ivBtaiv rj^Tjs 

T(pn6pf6a, Tvpos Bfmv tldorts ovre kokov 
OUT dya6(w' Krjpes 8( TTapea-TTjKaa-i p,fXmvai, 5 

T] pev fxovaa reXos yrjpaos dpyaXeov, 
ri 8* (Tf'pj] 6avaTrno' pivvvda hi yiyvtrai rjl^rji 

Kopwos, o(Top T €jrt yrjv Kibvarai TjiXios' 
avTiip (TTtjv hr] tovto riXos Trapapdyf/frai (opr)S, 

avTiKn T(6vdp(vai f-ifXriov fj fiioTos' 10 

A R 1 N. (69 

TToXXa yap iv 6vfia kuko. ylyperai' aXXore oIkos 
TpV)(0VTai, TreviTjs 8' i'py d8vvr]pa TreXft" 

uXXos 8 av Ttaiboiv ewiSeveTat, cov re ficiXicTTa 
Ipeipcov Kara yrjs epxfTai eis 'Aidrjv' 

aWos vovaov e^et 6vp,o(p66pou' ov8e th eariv 15 

dvOpmnav, a Zevs prj KaKO. TroXXa 81801. 

The journey of the sun. 

HeXios p.iv yap ttovov eXXa^ev fjpaTa ttovto, 

ov8e noT ('ip,TTavcns yiyverai uv8epia 
imroiaiv re Km avrco, enel po8o8dKTvXos 'Hwy 

Q.Kiavuv irpoXnToixT ovpavov flaava^rj' 
TOP fiev yap 8ia KVfia (^epei TroXvrjpaTos (vvrj 5 

kouXt), 'Hcpaiarov ^fpaiv iXrjKafxevrj 
Xpvaov Tip-rjevTos, vnoTTTepos, uKpov e(f)' vSaip 

ev8ovff apTraXecos x^pov u0' 'Ecnrepidcov 
yaiav is AWionojv, iva ol 6o6v appa Ka\ tnnoi 

earda , o<pp Has rjpiyeveia poX-rj' 10 

evd ene^r] erepcov ox^cop 'Ynep'iovos vios, 



A Thanksgiving. 
"Yyl^iare 6f(ov, 
iTOUTie xp'^'^oTpiaiva Tioaeidou, 
yau'iox , iyKvpov av dXpav' 


^payxiois nepi 8e ae ttXcotoI 

6iipes ^opeijovcri kvk'Kw, 5 

Kov(j)oi(Ti TTodaiv pinpacrtv 
eXufj)!)' dvanaXkoixevoi, ainoi, 
cjipi^av\epes, to/cuSpoy^oi CTKvXaKes, (piKopovcroi 
deXcfnves, evaXa dpififiara 
Kovpav Nrjpfldcov deav, 10 

as iyiiviiT hp.<^i.TplTa' 
01 pH (Is UeKonos yav eVl Taivapiav uKTav 
fTTopeCcrare ivKa^optvov StKeXoi eVi n6vTa>, 
KvpToicri vi>Tois o^eovres, 
llXoKa ^ripfias TrXaKos 15 

repvovTis, acrri^rf iropov, (^utns hokioi 
as p. a(j) ciXnrXoov yXacpvpas vfcus 
fls oidpa 7Top(j)vpovv Xipvas tpi^av. 


A Icaeus. 

The soldier s hall. 

Mappaipei 8e piyas hopos 
)(aKKa>' iracra d' "A-prj k^ko- 

(rpTjrai crTeya 
Xdfinpaiijiv Kvv'iaKn, kut- 
TCLV AfC/coi Karvnepdev nv- 5 

TTtOl X6(p')C. 

vevoKTiv, K((puXaiaii> uv- 


hpuiv ayaXfiUTa' ^(dXKiat 

fie TraaaaXois 
KpvTTTOicni' TTfpiKeifievai 10 

XafiTTpat Ki/dfii^ei, apKOS l- 

crX^pu} ("ieXevs, 
dwpoKes re vtoi XtVw 
KoiiXai re kut aanides 

j3flS\ripevai' 15 

Trap 8e XaX/ciStKat airaOai, 
Trap 8e ^uipara iroKka kcil 

Tav ovK ecTTi Xa6e(T6\ iiTii- 
8r] Trpa>Ti(TT vno Fepyov e- 20 

(TTapev ToSe. 


T/te skip in a storm. 

AcyvpeTTjpi tcoi> avepcov (jTuaLv' 
TO pev yap 'dv6fv Kvpa KvKivbfTai, 
TO o (.voev appes av to ptcra'oi' 
vai (popTjpeda crvv peXaiva, 

Xfip<ovi poxBfvvTis peyaXio pdXa' ^ 

Trep pev yap avrXos IdTOire^av e'x^') 
Xalcjios 8e TTau ^dbrjXov rjbr] 

Koi XcLKibes ptyaXaL kut avTo' 

XoXaiai S' uyKoivai. 


TO BrjvTf KVfia Totv Trporepmv 6va> \o 

aTfi)(ei, TTctpe^ei 8' afxm tvovov ttoKvv 
(ivtKtiv, iiTfi K€ vaos eixfia 

VTjara, .... 

Ft/l the cup and fill the can. 

XeifJ.a>v, TieTvdyaaiv S vBdroiv poai. 

Ka/3/3aXXe tov x^eipav , em pev Tidfis 

TTvp, iv be Kipvais oivov d(j)ei8ecL>s 

peXiXpov, avTctp dp(fn Kopcra 5 

puXdaKOv dp(}}iTideis yvocfiaXKov. 

* * * 

nv xpr) KUKOiai 6vpov eTTiTpenrjv' 
TrpoKoxl/opfv yap ov8ev dtrdpevoi, 
0} BvK)(i, (pdppaKov 8 api(TT0V 

otvov (PfiKapevoii pf6va6r]v. 10 


The drotcghty season. 

'I'/yyf TTvdpova Foiva' to yap aaTpop nepiTfWeTai, 
d S" u>pa ^aXena, ttuvtu 8e 8iyj/aicr' vno KavpoTos. 

I'X^t 8 (K TJ-fTuXcoV fd8(a TtTTl^, TTTtpvyaiV 8' VTTO 

KaK)((fi Xiyvpav itvkpov doi8av, Oipos omroTa 

SAPPHO. 173 

cpiKoyiou Kara yau Trenrdfievov -navTa Koravdvi}. 5 

avBei Koi aKoXviJLOs' vvv 8e yvvaiKes ixiafjararai, 
XtTTToi S' ap8pes, eVet Koi KftpaXav Koi yova ^eipios 

Vino pellite cur as. 

nivcofjiev' Ti TO \v)(vov ftivojjifv ; ha.<TvKos dfxepa. 
Ka8 S' nfipe KvXixyciis /neydXai? atiTVTOKoi\iois' 
oLvov yap SepeXas koi Atos vios XadiKudea 
dvdpatTTOicnv t^ooK' ?y;^ee Kipvais eva Koi 8uo 
TzXeais KaK K€<pdXas, a 8' are pa rav drepav KvXi^ 



To Aphrodite. 

IloiKiKodpov , dddvar ' A(pp68iTa, 
iral AioS) 8oK67rkoKf, Xiaaopai ere, 
jiT] p. acraicn prjT oviaiac 8dpva, 
TroTviUy dvpoV 

aXXa rmS Tk6 , a'lrroTa Kdrepwra 
rds epas av8(0i aloiaa TrrjXvt 
• e/cXuey, ndrpos 8e 86pov Xiiroicra 
^pvaiov rjXdfs 


apfi vno^fv^Mcra' kuKol 8e cr ayov 

MKffi tTTpovBoi TTfpl yaj /xeXatVns lo 

TTVKva 8iV(vvT€s TTTfp uTT (Lpuvo) ai6e- 

pOS 8la pf(7<T(0. 

orv/ra S' i^'iKovTo' rv 5', a puKaipa, 
pfibidamcT (WavciTO) TTpoaaTTco, 
rjpi , oTTi brjVTe Trenovda kutti 15 

brjvre Kdkrjpi, 

KWTTi poi pa\L(TTa deXco yeveadiu 
jiaivoXa Bvpco' riva drjvre Hfldo) 
pais ayrjv (s (rav (fjiKoTara, tIs cr , u> 

"^anff), dbiKTjfi. ; 20 

Koi yap al (jievyei, raxecos 8iu>^ei, 
al Be bSipa pi) 8fK£T , dWa taxrei, 
al Se prj (piXfi, Taxfoas <pi\rja-(i 
KCOVK edeXoicra, 

fX6f poi Ku\ vvv, xaX^T^dv be Xvcrov 25 

(K pfpipvdv, (iaaa be poi reXecrfrai 
Gvpos Ipeppei, reXeaov' (tv 8' avra 
(Tvppaxos ecrcro. 

The power of beauty. 

'^aiverai poi k^vos icros Otoicnv 
(ppfv u)vr]p, ocTTis ivavTios rot 
i^avfi Kai TrXaalov u8v cjiwvfv- 
cus iinaKovei 

SAPPHO. 175 

KOI yfXat'cray Ijiepoev, to fioi fxav 5 

Kapblav iv crTrjdfcriv eTrroacreV 
CO? yap eto-t'So) /3po;(ea)f (re, (pavai 

dXKa Kap. pev ykSxraa Feaye, Xenrov S' 
avTiKa xp^ TTvp vTTabedpopaKfv, 10 

07r7raTeo"(rt 8 oiSec oprjfx , enippop- 
/Setcri S' ciKovai. 

a 8e fi'Spwf KaK)^e(Tai, rpopos 8e 
jraiaav nypei, )^\a)poTepa de Trolas 
eppc, reduciKTjv 8 dXiyo) 'Tribevrjs 15 

(f)aivopaL ciWa. 


T/ie moon and stars. 

Aarepes pev apcfn KoXav crfXdvvav 
ai^' dnoKpvTVTOKTi, (jidfvvov et'Sor, 
oTTTTOTa TrXrjdoKTa pdXiara XdpTrrj 
ydv €771 ndcrav, 


T/ie foet of Teas. 

Kfli'oi', ft) -^pvaodpove Mover', fvKTTTfs 
vpvov, €K Tos KaWiyvvacKos eaffXas 
Ttjios ;(wpns ov udbe Tfpnvw 
Trpe'crjBvs dyavos. 

i7^> SAPPHO. 

To Alcaeus. 

At S* r\X(^ eaXcov 'Ifiepov rj KoKcov, 
Koi fXTj Ti ftiTTTjv yXSicrcr ckvku kukov, 
ai8(os K€ (T ov Kix^avev oTTTrar , 

aXX' eXeyey nepi tco StKato)?. 



Ae8vKf fjiev d aeXdwa 
Koi TiXtjiaBts, fxifraL 8e 
vvKTfs, TTcipd S' fpx^''' "^Pf") 
eyo) Se pova Karevdo). 


Forgotten in death. 

KfiT^afoicra Se Kficfai Trora, koju pvapoavva aeBev 
f(T(T(T ovTf TOT ovt' vcTTfpov' OV yap TTf S/j^ftj (ipobav 
TOiu (K Ilifpiny, dXX' dcpduris kjjv AtSa bupois 
(funrdafii ttcS' dpMvpav veKvcav eKneTTOTap-eva, 

' / cannot mind my wheel, mother^ 

V\xjKtia fiUTtp, oijToi bvvapai KpeKtju tov kttov, 
TTodw 8dp(i(ra ndidoi ^pahivav 8i 'A(})p68iTav. 



feairepe, navra (f)ep(ou, ocra rf)aiuo\is eV/cfSao-' avcos, 
<f)ep(is otV, (pepes alya, (jifpeis anv parepi TraTSa. 


T/ie apple. 
Oiov TO yXvKvpiaKov eptvderai ciKpco iii vado) 
aKpov en aKpordrm' XeXdduvTO 8e fiaXoBpoirrjes, 
oi fiitv (KXeXddovT, dXX' oiiK ediivavr imKeuOai. 



Three epitaphs. 

'E| draXdv ^tipcov rd8e ypupip-ara' A wore Upofxadev, 
evTi Koi av9pa)Troi t\u opaXoi crocpiav' 

ravTav ymv tTvpcos rav TrapBevov octtis fypayj/fv, 
ai Kavduv ivoTtdrjK . rjs k ' Aya6ap)(\s oXa. 

SraXat koi ^eiprjvfs inai koI nevdifie Kpcoaae, 

oaTis e'xeis Aida rav oXiyav anobiav, 
Tols ffjiop €p)(op.€voicn Trap -qplov etnare xaipdu, 

aiT acTToi reXfdmvT aid ereponroXies' 
XUiTi /ie vvp,(j)ap evaav e'^^i rdfpos, e'lnare kol to' 
X<i)Ti TTUTTjp p. eKaXei BavKtSa, p^aJri yivos 


178 SOLON. 

Trjvici, ws flbaivTi' kol otti fxoi a crvvfTaipii 
"Hptw' iv TVfi^a ypdiJifjL f)(apa^e To6e. 

SvpiCJias BavKiBos dp-i' TToKvKkavTrjv 8e irapepnav 

araXav, ra Kara yas tovto Xeyois Atfia" 
" Bd(TKavos i<T(T, 'AiSa" " ra 8e TTOiKiXa aupaS' opSivri 

MpoTarav BavKoiis dyyeXtovTi rv^av, 
as rdv 7r«iS' 'Ypevaios v(\> as ilirdyiTo nevKai, 5 

ToS' eVi /caSeo-ra? ec^Xfye TvvpKa'idv 
Koi av p.iv, Z> 'Ypevaie, ydpav poXTraiou doibav 

es BpTjvwv yoepup (pdtypa piOappoaao. 




AvTos Kfjpv^ ijXdov d(f> ipfpTTJs ^aXaplvoi, 

Koapiov (TTtap (o8t]v t dvr' dyoptjs Bepevos, 

* * * 

"Eirju 817 TOT* tya ^oXfydv8pios ^ 2iKivrjTrjs 

avrl y ^Adrjvaiov, TraTplb' dpfi\f/dpevos' 
ajyl/a yap av (pdris rjSe piT dvdpoinoiai yevoiro' 5 

'Attikoj ovtos dvYjp TOiV '2a\apiva(f)fTcbv. 

* * * 

'lopfv fh 2itXaplva, paxqadpivoi. Trfp\ rijcrou 
ipfpTris, }(a\f7i6v T ai(r\os dn(tia6p.evoi. 

SOLON. ij9 


HfJLfTepa Se noXis Kara fiev Aios ovttot oXetrai 

aiaav koX fiaKupcov dewv (fiptvas adavaratV 
ro'irj yap fxeyadvpos eTriaKonos u^pipoTraTpr] 

TlaXkui 'A6r]vair] p^fZpa? V7vep6(v i'^d' 
avToil 8e (jidelpeiv fxeydXrjv ttoXlv d({jpa8ir]aiv 5 

a(TTo\ ^oiikovTai xprifiaai TTtidufievoi, 
Srjfxov 6! t'lyefiouav adiKOs poos, olatv eroipov 

v^pios fK peydXT]i aXyea ttoWu Trade'iv' 
ov yap iiriiTTavTai KaTf^eiv Kopov ovfie napovcras 

ev(f)poavuas Kocrpfiv haiTos iv rja-vxirj. 10 

TrXovrovaiv S' dSiKois epypacri nfidopevoi 

ov6 lepoov KTedvcov ovre ti Sripocrlcov 
(f>€i86p€voi KkfTTTOVfTLV {(ji c'lpTTayfj (iWodep oXXoy, 

ov^e (pv\u(T(T0PTai afpLva 6e'pe$Xa Alktjs, 
i] (Tiyaxra awoiSe ra yiyvupeva npo t iovra, 15 

TW Se xpo'vo) irdvTas rjXd' dnoTiaopevr}. 
TOVT rjbr] TTaa-r] TroXei ep^erai sXkos cifpvKTOv, 

els Se KaKrjv raxeas rjXvde bovXua-vvqv, 
fj a-rdcTiv f'pcpvXop ivoXepdv ^' ev^ovr (TTfyfipfi, 

OS TToXXav epart^v uXfcrev j'jXiklijv' 20 

e/c yap dvapeveav Taxe(^S TToXvrjpoTOP ucttv 

Tpvxfrai ev avvodois to7s ddiKovai (f>iXais. 
Taira /lev iv Si}/uco (TTpefpfrai kuku' tcov 8e ntpixpwv 

iKvovvrai noXXo\ ycnav is dXAo8a7r^i> 
TrpaOepres ^eapLoldi t aeiKiXioitri dedfi/Tfs, 25 

Kol KOKci BovXoavvTis arvyva (pepovai ^la. 
N 2 


oi'TCi) Srjfioaiov kukov tp-^frai OLKad' cKaaTO}, 

avXftoi 8 (T e;(fti' ovK edikovai Bvpni, 
vyj/rj\6u 8 VTTfp epKoi vnepdopev, eipe 8e mivras 

fl Kai ris <Pevyu>v iv /ivx*^ ?/ 6a^iip<>iv. 30 

ravra 8i8d^ai. Ovpbs ' A6rjvaiovs /xe KeXfvei, 

a>s KOKCi irXeloTa TroXet Svavofiia Trape^ei, 
tvvojxla 8' evKoapia kcii apria ttclvt cntof^aivet., 

Kai 6 ap.a rois uSlkois cificpiTidrjai Tre'Sas* 
Tpa-\ea Xfiaivei, navei Kopov, vfipiv ufiavpoi, 35 

aialvfi 8' nrrjs avdea cpvopeva, 
fv6vv(i 8e 8iKas aKoXias inrepi](f)avd t fpya 

irpavvd, Travel 8' fpy^ 8i^o(TTaaLT]s, 
■navd 8' dpyaXerjs epibos xoXov, ecm 8 vtt avTTJs 

TTavra kut dv0pw7Tovs apria Koi Trivvrd. 40 

T/ie tyrant. 

Ek vecf)e\r]s TreXerai x^dvos pevos rjbe ;(rtXdf7;y, 
^povTT} S' (K \ap.Tvpds yiyufTM d(TT(powTJs' 

di'8pS)v S' (K peyuXoiv ttoXis oXXurai" eis 8e povap^ov 
Srjpos d'iSpiTj 8ov\o(Tvvr]u eneaev' 

Xirjv 8' (^dpavT ov pd8i.dv ecrri KaTacr)(€iv 5 

voTfpov, dXX' rj8r} )(pr] irtpX navra voe'iv. 

Man proposes, God distoses. 
Qvryroi 8 2)Se vofvpev opSys dyu66s rf kokos rf" 
(vdrjvelu avTiis 86^av eKaaros e'x^') 

SOLON. 181 

TTpiv Ti iraBeiv roVe 8' avBis odvperai' (Ixpt 8e tovtov 

XatTKovres Kov(j)ais iXirLcn rfpnofifda. 
XaxjTis fMev vova-oiaiv vii dpya\et]ai TvifaOfj, 5 

(as vyiTjs i'cTTat, tovto KaTe(f)pa.(raTo' 
f'lKXos, 8fi\6s (MV, uya66s doKii epfievai uvfjp, 

KOI KoKos, pop(pi)v ov xopieaaav e'xaiv' 
61 8e ns dxprjpcov, Trevirji di ptv f'pya jBidrai, 

KTrjaeaBai Travras XPW^'''^ noXKa doKel, 10 

(TTTevoei fiXXooev aXXos* 6 pei^ Kara novrov uXurai 

iv vt]V(r\v xPTlC^f o'lKuBe Kepdos ayeiv 
IxdvoevT , avepoKTi (f)opfiip.(vos dpyaXeoia-iv, 

0etSa)Xi)i' "^vxrjs ov8(fj.LT]v Bepevos' 
aX\og yr]v Tepvcov TToXvbevBpfOP fls iviavTov ic 

XarpiVfL, TolcTiv Kap.nvX uporpa peXd' 
tiXXos A6r]vairjs re Koi 'H(pai(TTOv TToXvrexvea 

epya Saeiy x^'-P^'-^ ^vXXeyerai j3lotov 
(iXXof 0Xvp,Trid8a>v Movaecov ndpa hcopa dtdtKrai, 

ipepT^s ao(f)[r]s perpov €7nardp,evoi' 20 

ciXXou pdvTLV fdrjKev iiva^ iKaepyos 'AttoXXcov, 

eyvco 8 av8p\ kokov rrjXodev epxopevov, 
CO (TvvopapTrj(TCA>cn 6(o'c ra Se popcripa ttuvtcos 

ovT€ Tis olcuvos pva-erai ovd^ Upu' 
aXXot Uaiun/os TToXvcpappuKov epyov i'xovTfs 2^ 

IrjTpoi' Koi Tols ov8ev fTreari reXoi' 
TToXXaKi S" f^ oXiyrjs d8vpt]s peya yiyverat ilXyoi, 

KOVK av Tcs XvaaiT rjnia (pdppaKa bovs' 
rov 6e Karats vovctokti KaKovptvov dpyaXeais re 

d'\lrdp.evos ;(efpoii/ alyira ridrja vyir]. 30 

i82 SOLO.V, 

MoTpa 5e Toi 6vr)Toi<Ti. kokov (fiepfi r]8e Koi icrSkoV 

bibpa S' (i(f)VKTa 6(Q>v ylyverai ddavdrav,^ 
TTcicn 8c TOi KLubvvos ETT epyjiacTiv, ov8e tis oi,8ev 

TTij (TXTjcrdv /LxeXXft TTprjyfiaTos ap)(0fiet'0v' 
fiXX' 6 jieu fv ep8eiv neipcopevos, ov TrpovoTjcras 35 

fls ptydXrjv arrfv Koi )(^\e7rfjv enecrev, 
TiJo Sf KaXas epdoirri Beos Trep\ navra dibooaiv 

(TvvTV\iT)p dyadrjv, '4<Kv(Tiv a(ppo(TVpr]s. 
TvKovTov 8' oxihiv Tfppo Tr€(f)aafJiet'ov dvdpaai Kelrai' 

01 yap vvv Tjpfoiv TrKelcrTOV e\ov(n ^lov, 40 

Bt7T\aaio>s crnevBovcn' r'ts av Koptati eva navran ; 

Kep8(d Toi 6vT]T(HS conaaav dddvaroi' 
iiTT) S' e^ airav dva(j)alv€Tai, tjU ottotuv Zeis 

TTtp'^p'rj TicropiVTjp, aXkoOeP aXXos e^ft. 

The ages of life. 

IlaTf plv uPTj^os eoop eVt PTjnios epKos oBovtcov 

(f)V(rus f'/c,SaXXet npcorov iv enr ertaip' 
Tovs S' fTfpovs ore brj reXtarj deos (ttt eviavTovs, 

rjl^rjs fKcPaiPfi (TTjpaTa yeipopevrjs' 
TTJ TpLTaTT] Se yeueiop df^opevccv fTi yvicop 5 

Xa;^i/oi}rat, XP°'-^^ apdos dpfi^opfprjs' 
TT) 8e TfTapTj} TTOS Tts fV i^BopdSi pey apiaTOs 

l(TXVP, fjpr' ap8pes (Trjpar f\ov(T dper^s. 
TTtpTTTT] 8' wpiop apbpa ydpov peppripepov tivai 

Koi Traidup f'^Tfli' (Ictottictco yepfrjp' 10 

TV 8' (KTrj TT(p\ irdvra KOTaprvfrai poos dpBpus, 

ov8^ fp8fiv iff 6poi)S fpy dnuXapvu 6iK(C 

SOLON. 183 

cTrra Se vovv (cat yXwcrcrai' eV ilSSofidcriv fiey apurros 
OKTO) T' (ifjiffioTepwv Te(T(rapa Koi 8eK err]' 

TTj 8' evdrrj ert fiev dCvarai, fxakaKarepa S avrov 15 

Trpof ^eydXiji' aperrjv •ykaxrad re koi aocpil]' 

TTJs BeKarrjs 8' e'i tls rekecras Kara fierpov ikoito, 
nvK av iiapos foov fioipav e)(Oi, davdrov. 

Jlota he aided Athens. 
^vfjifiapTVpolrj ravT av iv 8lkt} x,povov 
firjTrjp fieyifTTt] daifMovociv '0\vp,TTLa>v 
aptara Trj fjLeXaiva, rijs iya irore 
opovs aveiXov noWaxfj TreirrjyoTas, 
TrpoaBev Se 8ovXevovaa, vvv tXevdepa. 5 

TToWovs 8' Adrjvas Tvarpi^ els deoKTiTov 
dvfjyayov 7rpa6evTas, aWov e/cStKcos, 
aXXov diKaicos, tovs S dvayKairjs vno 
X^prjcrfMov XeyovTas, yXwacrau ovkst Attiktiv 
lepras, as dv noXXa^^fj nXavcopfvovs, 10 

TOVS S' ivOdb avTov bovXirjs deiKea 
€)(0VTas TjGrj, becrivoTav rpopevp-evovs, 
fXevdepovs i'drjKa' ravra fxev Kpdxfi, 
Ofiov ^irjv re kuI dUrjv avvapfxodas, 
fpe^a Koi 8t.r]vva cos inveaxopLriv. 15 

Bfapovs 8 ofioiovs Tu> KUKM T€ Kayado) 
fvSelav els eKaarov dppLOcras biK-qv 
eypayj/a. Kevrpou 8' aXXos i>s eya Xa^oiv 
KaKo^pahr]S re Kai (f)iXoKTr]p(ov dvfjp 
ovT av KarecT^e drjpov, ovt eTravaaro, 20 

Trp\v av Topd^as Trlap e^eXrj ydXa. 


184 STESI CIIOR us. 



The Sufi's goblet. 
AeXioy S* Yn€piopi8as SeVas iaKarf^aivev 

Xpvaeov, ocf)fm 81 'Q.Keavoio Trepcio-as 

a(piK0i6 iepas ttotI J3ev6ea vvktos ipefiva.': 

TTOTi fiarfpa KovpidUiv r liko^ov 

Tvalhas re cf)lXovs' 

6 b' is aXcros e/3a dcKpvaicri KaraaKiov 

TToaal Trais Aios. 



OvveKa Tvvbdpeois pe- 

fcov noT€ TTuat Beols piovvas Xuder' r]TTi.o8a)p(o 

Kv7Tpi8os' Kciva 8e Tvv8(ip((o 

Kupais xokatcrapevT} 8iydpL0vs Tf 

Koi Tpiyupovi Tidrjaiv 

Koi XiTTfadvopas. 

A palinode. 


ov8' i'^as ev vavcriv (vatXpois, 
ov8' iKeo TTfpyupa Tpoia^. 

I BY C us. i8s 


Sing of ivar no more. 

MovfTo, (jv fxev TroXejiovs UTTOnaa^evr], ^(t e/xov 

Kkelovaa 6fa)v re ydjiovs avhpuiv re Bairas 

Koi daXias fioKupcov. 


Songs of Spring. 

ToinSe •)(^pr] 'Kapirav Sa/ico/xara KaWiKOfiuiv 

iifivelv ^pvyiov peKos e^evpovras a^pws 

rjpos eTrep)(op(vov. 





'Hpt pev al T€ KvBaiviat 

pT]\i8es apdupevM poav 

eK TTorapaiv, iva irapdepap 

nrjTTOS aKijpaTOs, ai r olvavdi8es 

av^opevai a-Kiepola-iu vc})' epveaiv 5 

olvapeois 6aki6oicnv' ipoi 8 (pos 

ov8epiav KaruKoiTUi co- 

pav, a6' vTTo areporras (jiXeycDv 


OprjLKios j3opeas, 
accrav irnpa Kinrpibos a^aXeais lo 

fiaviaiaiv ipffivos ddap.lSrjS 
tyKparecos TTai8u6(v (^vXacrcreL 

T]p.eTfpas (})pivas 


"Epos avTe fie KvavioKTiv vno 
fi\e(f)apois raKsp ofifiatri depKopievos 
Krjkripacn ■navrobano'is fs mreipa 

h'lKTva Kvirpihoi pe /3aXXet" 
^ pLUV Tpop(co viv intpxopfvov, 5 

wcrrc (Pepf^vyoi Imros dedXo(f)6- 

pos TTOTi yrjpal aeKcop 
(Tvv oxfO'(Pi Ooois fS dfJiiSXav e^a. 





The Milesians. 
Kal ToSe A7j/io8({Kov MtXi7{riot d^vveroi. pkv 
OVK (1<t\, bpw(Tiv 8' old TTtp d^vveroi. 



The Chians. 
Kai robe ATjfxoBoKoV Xtoi Kanoi' ov^ 6 fxev, 6v 6' ov, 
TTavTes, ttXtjv JJpoKXeovi' Kai UpoKXerjs Se Xios. 

T/ie good Cilician. 
Ilai/Tej /xei/ Ki'AtKfy KaKo\ dve'pes' eV 6e KtXt^tv 
(Is ayu66s Kivvpr^s, Kai Kivvprjs Se Kiki^. 

' // was the dog that died.'' 
Kan7ra8oKt]v ttot e^iSva kokt] BaKfV dX\a koi avrfj 
Kordave, jfvaapevr] aiparos to/3oAoi;. 



Kat Tob( 4>(MKiiXiSe(o' TtTopcov mvo TOivhe yevovro 
<Pi:Xa yvvaiKeioiV rj piv kwos, 1) Se pe)^iaar]s, 
yj Se avos ^Xoavprjs, rj 8' "tmrov xaiTrieaa'rjs' 
fv(f)opos fj8e, raxfM, TrepiSpopoi, ei'Soy dpiarr)' 
T) 8e avos ^Xoavprjs, ovt uv KOKr) ovbe pev ta-dXr)' z 

;; 8e kvvos, xaXenrj re Kai aypios' t] 8e pfXiaa-rjs 
oiKovopos T ayadt) Kai iiricnaTai epyd^fo-daf 
f]s ev)(ov, cf)iX fTolpe, Xa^elu yapov ipfpoevros. 

1 S8 X E NO r HA NE S. 

Night thoughts. 

yvKTos ^ov\fveiv. vvKTOs de rot, o^vTepr) <f>prjv 
av8pa<nv i]crv)(iT] 8' aperfiv Bi^rjfieva ia&kr]. 

^i(,((T6ai ^lOTTjv, apeTTjv d', orav j) /3ioj ^8r], 




The banquet. 

NCv yap 8t) ^dneSov Kadapbv koI ^e'lpes ('nrdvTcov 

/cat KvXiKfs' TrXeKTOvs 6' dp.(f)iTidel aTefpdvovt, 
('/XXoj S evco^es pvpov iv (pidXrj TrapciTfivei. 

Kparrjp 8 ear-qKiv pearos fiJ(f)po(Tvvr]s' 
aWos 8 oivos eroipos, os ovnore (fyqaX 7rpo8u)crfiv, ~, 

pfiXi)(os iv Kepdpois, audfos u(r8dpeuos' 
(V 8e pecrots uyvrjv (Jdprjv Xi/Safcoros "irjcnv, 

^vxpov 8' 'iariv v8cop koi yXvKv kciI Ka6ap6v' 
TrdpKdVTai 8 apToi ^avdol yepapvj re Tpdnf^a 

Tvpov KOI peXiTOS TTLOvos d^Oopivrj' jo 

,3a)pus 8 uvdeaiv dv to pea-ov navrrj TrenvKaarai, 

poXnT) 8 dpL(jils f\ei Scopara koi BoXltj. 
Xpr] 8e TTpu>Tov pep Bebv vpvfiv evcPpovas {iv8pas 

(v(}jTjpoii pvdoii Kcil KiiOapoicn Xoyoij, 


OTmaavra^ 8e koI (v^afiipovs to. BiKaia Bvvaardai 1:^ 

irprjaaeiv — ravra yap cov fan TTpo)(fipoTepov — 
ovx v^pig triviiv ottoctov kcv e^cov d(piKOio 

o'lKad tivev TrpOTroKov, pfj ndvv ytjpakeos' 
dvbpau (5' alvflv tovtop, 6s fcrdXa nio)v dva(paivei, 

(US j; pvrjpocrvvr], kch tov, os up(f)' dper^?, 20 

ovTi pdxas SuTTfi Tirrivav ovde TiyavTcov, 

ouS ail Kevravpoov, nXdapara twv irporepau, 
1) (TTuaias (T(fie8avdi' to2s ov8ev xPW'O" ^veariv 

oeS)v 8e Trpopr]d(CT]v alep ex^iv dyaOov. 


He is better than many athletes. 

AAX €t pkv TaxvTTjTi Tro8ai> vUrju tis apovro 

T] TrevTaffkevav, ev6a Aios Tfp,(vos 
Trap TLicrao pofjs iv 'OXvpTr'irj, e'lre ■na\aio>v, 

7] Kai TTVKTOcrvvrjv akyivoeaaav eXcoj/, 
f'lTe TO Bdvov ciedXov b TvayKpariov KaXtovcriv, 5 

acTToicnv k eirj KvdpoTfpos TTpocropdi/j 
Kai K€ 7rpoe8piT]v cfiavepfjv iv dyaxriv apoiro, 

Kai Kiv OTT i'l'q brjpocriav KTfuvcop 
e/c TToXewv Ka\ da>poi>, o ol KeiptjXiou e'irj' 

eiTf Ka\ LTVTTOia-iv, ravrd x anavra Xdxot, 10 

ovK eau a^ios, axnrfp iya' puyprjs yap dpeivonv 

dvhpav T]8 "LTTTTav rjpeTfpr) cro({)ir]. 
aXX eiKij pciXa tovto vopi^erai' ov8e biKaiou 

npoKpiveiv pa>pr]v ttjs dyaBrji <TO<pir]s. 


ovTf yap ft TTVKTrjs uyados Xaoicrt fifTflr], ]^ 

ovT ft TtiVTa&kiiv ovre TrdkaLcr^oavvr^v, 
oifbe fxev d Ta)(VTrJTi iroSwv, to irep icrTL Trporifiov 

pafirjs ocTCT au8pa>p epy iv ayoivi Trikei, 
TovveKev av 8r] paXKov iv (i/voplrj iroXis e'lr)' 

apiKpov S aif TL TTokd )(dppa yevoir' eVi tS, 20 

ft Tis ue6\evo)v viKoJ Uiaao ivap o)(6as' 

ov yap niaivei ravra pv)(Ovs iroKfons. 

Poetic Theology. 
WavTa dfols avidrjKav ''Oprjpos 6 'Hcrt'oSos re 
oacra Trap av6panoi(Tiv oviibea kcu yj/6yos eVrl, 
01 TrXeicrr (Cpdiy^avro deoiv adeplaria fpya, 
KXenreiv, poL)(iveiv re /cat uXXtiXovs dnaTfVfiv. 



Evil conwiunications . 

TaOra piv ovras 'ladi.' KaKoiai be pfj npocropiXd. 

avdpdaiv, aXX' aiei Ta>v dyadoiv f'xfo' 
Kai pera Toicriv n'lve Ka\ ecrdif, Kcii perci ro'taiv 

iff, Ka\ avdave toIs, iov peyuXrj tvvapis. 
icr&Kojv peu yap an iadXa paOfjatat' fjv fie KaKolcriu 3 

avppio'yTjs, anoXe^s Ka\ rw iovTa voov. 
raiiTa pu6u>v dya6oi(Tiv opiXee, Kai ttotc (jjijaeis 

(V crvulBuvXfvfiv Tottrt (piXnicriP epe. 



Do not make friends of the ' low.^ 

MrjBfis a dvdpaiTTOiv nelcrrj kokou avbpa (ptXrjaai, 

Kvpve' Ti 8 ear o(j)f\os SetXor dvrjp <pi\os u>i> ; 
oiiT av a ex ■)(CLKeTTol.o novov pvcraiTO Koi aT-qs, 

ovTe Kev icrGkbv excov roii (i(Ta8ovp f6e\oi. 
ofiXovs 8 ev epdovTi fiaTaioriiTi] ;^a/3ty (arip' 5 

iaov Koi cnrelpeiv tvovtov oKos ttoKitjs. 
ovTf yap av ttovtov (nreipcov fiadv Xifiuv d/.tcos', 

ovT€ KOKOvs eii 8pwv ev mikiv a.i>Ti\dj3oi?' 
u7r\r](TT0v yap e^ovai KaKol voov' i]v 5' iv dpLuprrjs, 

tS)V TTpoadfv TrdvTcov eKKe)(VTai (piXoTrjs. 10 

oi 8 dyadol to eiravpiaKovai iraddpres, 

fivijfia 8 ex^^^^ dyaScov kciI X^P'" e^o-niaa. 
* * * 

fiijTTOTe Tot KGKOV av8pa (})i\ov TTOielcrdai iruipov, 

aXX alfl (f)€vy€iv ware kukou XifjLtva. 

Man proposes, God disposes. 

Ovhiis, Kvpv, tiTTjs Kal Kfp8fos alrios avTos, 

dWa 6eoi TovTcou 8a>T0pfs dp(f)OT€pcov' 
ov8i Tis av6pd)Tra)V fpyd^erai eu ippecrlv etScas 

(5 reXos eir ayaduv yiverai e'lre KaKov. 
TToWdKi yap toKfcov 6i)<jeiv kukov, icrffkuv fdtjKev' :; 

Kat T€ 8oKo)v dqa-fiv eadXav, 'i6r]Ke kukov. 


ov8e TM dvdpaTTOiv napayiverai, o(t<t ede'XrjaiV 

icrXft ynp ^f'^f'^f nelpar aprj-)(avlr)9. 
nv6p<i)TT0i Se pdraia vopl^opeu, fiSorf? oidtv' 

6eo\ be Kara acfjfTfpov Travra reXovcri v6ni>. lo 

Cyrfzus ifnmortalized. 
2ot \ikv fyo) TTTep eScoKa, ahv ois en inreipova ttovtoi' 

TTOiTrjcnj Koi yi]v natrav aeipcipevos 
prj'idias' Solvrji 8e Koi elkanivrjcn napecrcrrj 

ev ndcrais, ttoXX<op Kelp.evos ev GTopacnv' 
Kai ae avv avXiffKoicri Xiyvfpdoyyois veoi nvdpes 5 

evK6(rp.0)s eparoi KoXd re Kai Xiyea 
acrovrai' koi orav bvof^epris vtto KevBeart yairjs 

^fjs TToXvKcoKVTovs eis AtSao bofiovs, 
ov8e TOT ov8e davchv diroXels KXeos, dXXci peXrjcTeis 

("KfidiTOV dvdpoiTTOis alev e^cov ufopa, 10 

Kvpve, Kad' 'KXXdda yrju (TTpafjiMpevos tj8' dud vrjaovs, 

l)(dv6€in-a nepwv ttovtov en aTpvyeTuv, 
<>v}( InnMV vuiToiaiv e(Pr]p.€vos' dXXd ae nefiy^ret 

dyXaa Movadav daipa loaretjidvMj/' 
TrScrt yap, oiai p,eixrjXe, koi eacropevoKnu doibr] 15 

ecrcrri o/xwr, o'^p' av j/ yrj re /cot rjeXios' 
ai/Tap eycov oXiyr]! napct aeii ov Tvyx'i-V(i> aldovs, 

dXX' oxrnep piKpov naiha Xoyois p anuTas. 

May I triumph over my etieniies. 
'AXXa ZeO TeXeadv poi 'OXvpnie Kaipiov evx^jV 
86s 8e poi upTL KUKwv Kai Ti nade'iu dya66v. 

THE OG NTS. 193 

Tedvairjv S', el firj Ti KaKwv afJLnavfia nepifivecov 

evpoifiqu 8oir]v t avT aviav avias' 
aicra yap ovras icrri' ncni 8' ov ^atVerai rjfjuv 5 

dvdpu)v, ot ra/xa ;^pij/naT e)(ov(n ^'irj 
av\r](TavT(s' e'yo) 8e Kvav inepTjcra ^(apdSprjv 

^fifj.dppa> TTOTapo) navr airocreKTd.p.evos' 
Twv e'lrj p.e\av aipa TTielv, ini t eaffkos opoiTo 

8aip,(i)v, OS Kar fpov vovv reXeaeie rdbe. 10 

IV/ty does Zeus tolerate the wicked ? 
Zev (f)iXe, davpa^o) ere' ai) yap TravrecrcTiv dvdaaeis 

TiprjV avTos e'x^oyv Kal peyuXrjv dvvaptv' 
dvdpuiTTutv S' ev oiada voov koI 6vp6v eKaaTov' 

<Tov he Kpdros iravToov earB' vnarov, ^acriXev. 
7rS)S 8tj aev, Kpovidrj, roXpa voos avdpas aXirpovs 5 

ev ravrrj polprj top re diKaiov e)(eiv ; 
ovbe Ti KeKpipei'ov irpos baipovos ecrri ^poTolaiv, 

ovo ooov fjp Tis iu>v aoavaroicTLV aooi ; 
rjv T enX craxppoavvrjv rpecjidjj voos, rjv re irpos v^piv, 

dvOpoiTTcov udiKois epypacn weidopevav, 10 

epnrjs okj3ov e')(ov<jiv dnrjpova' to\ 8" diro 8eiKa)v 

epycov 'laxovres 6vpbv, o/icos Trevirjv 
prjTep' dpT})^avir]s e\a^ov, to. hUaia ^ikevvTwv 

T] T dv8p<bv Tvapdyei Bvpov is dpnXaKLtjv. 

T/ie happiest lot. 
Tlavrav p.ev pfj (pvvai eirixdovioKTiv apidTov, 
fiTjb^ eaiSelv avyas o^eos rjeXiov' 



(f)vvTa 8' oTTcof coKiara irvXas 'AiSao Treprjcraij 
Koi Keladai 7roX\i]v yTji> eiTa[ir]adiJ.ei'ov. 

I/c is all true gold. 
El /i' fde'Xfis Trkvveiv, KfCJ)uXris njiiavTov an iiKp-qs 

aU\ \fVKov vb(jL)p pevaerai rjfxeTeprjs. 
evpfjaeis 8e [le Traaiv eV epyp.a(nv coanep unecpdov 

Xpvaov^ epvdpov tSeif TpifSoiMevov ^aaavco, 
TuO XPO'^y KadvTTfpde peXas ov^ aTrreTat, los 5 

oiS' evpios, ate\ d' uv6o<: i'xei Kadapov. 


Constrain no man at a feast. 
Mr/SeVa Tcoi/S' dcKOvra fieveiv KurepvKe irap r]fuv, 

fxriBe dvpa^e Ke'Xfu' ovk idiXovT levai, 
fiTjb^ evbovT eneyeipe, 2i/xwi/tSf/, ovtlv tiv rjpav 

6a)pr])(6evT oicw naXdaKos virvos eXr], 
firjbe Tov dypvTTveovTa KeXev deKovra KadevoeiW 5 

Trav yap dvayKalov XP^I^ dviqpov etpv' 
Tc5 TTLPfiv S' fOeXovTi TTupacrrahov olvoxofiroi' 

ov ndaas vvktus ylverai d/3pa naOeiv' 
avTap eyo) — perpop yap f^'^ peXirj^eos olvov — 

vTvviw XvcriKuKov pvfjaopai, o'lKab id)V' lo 

ij^co S' «r olvoi x^P''^^'''^'''^^ dvhpX TrerrocToai, 

ovT€ Ti yap vfjcl)a>, ovre Xirjp ptOvo). 
Of 8' av vnepljuXXr] 7r6(Tios perpnp, ovKeri Ke'ivos 

TTji avToii yX<i)(T(Tr]i Kaprepus ov8e puoV 
pvOdrai S' dndXappa, ra prjcpoai yipfxai alaxpd' 15 

albelrai, 8' epbav ovbiP, otup p-ed^;], 

T IIEO G NIS. 195 

TO Trpli' e'cof au)(j)pu>i', Tore pi'jttios' dXXct aii ravra 

yivixTKUiv fiT] ttIv oivov vnep^oXddrji'j 
«X\' fj np\v fiedveiv inravifTTacro — p.r] ere ^idado} 

yavTrfp, ware kukov Xdrpiv i(pT][j.€piov — , 20 

7] napeuiv [xr] mj/e* crv S' " eyx^f tovto jidraiov 

KoiTiWeis alfi' TovueKo. rot pe6veis' 
T] fieu yap (peperai (f)t\oTr]aios, rj 8e TTpoKeirai, 

Tijv 8i dfo7s cnrevdeis, rrjv 8' eVt )(eip6s «X^'** 
apvficrdai 8' ovk oldas' civlktjtos 8e toi ovtos, 2;, 

OS TToXkas TTLvoiv pLTj Ti fidraiov epfi. 
Vfids 8* €v fivdelade Trapa KprjTrjpi. fiivovm, 

dXKrj\(x)V eptSos hrjpiv ipvKopevot, 
es TO peaov (^coi/evvrfS' opws eVi koI avvdnaaiv' 

^ovTcos crvp.TToai.ov yiverai. ovk a^api. 30 


He welcomes Clcaristiis, 

'HX^e? S17, KXeapicTTe, jSadiiv 8ia ttovtou avvaaai, 

evoao (TT ovoev €-)(Ovt , co raAav, ovoeu e)(wv. 
VT]6s Toi TrXevpjjaiv vno ^vya 6t]croii€P lypeis', 

KXffiptcr^', oV e\opfv X°'''' StSoicrt 6eoL. 
r<av 8' ovTcov Tapiara nape^opeu' rjv Be ris eXdrj 5 

fffv (pikos cov, KaraKeio'' as <f)i\6Tr]Tos fX^'?- 
ovT€ Ti TOiv ovTu>v dTZo6i]cropai, ovre ti juet^oj/ 

aijs eveKa ^evirjs liWodev olcrofifda. 
7]v 8e Tis elpcoTO. Tov ffxov ^'lov, &)6e 01 dnflv' 

S)(t6 eva p.iv ^elvov Tvarpui'Lov ovk aTToXdiTeiv, 
^iivia Se TrXeorecrcr' ov SvvaTOS nape^fip. 
O 2 



The ship in distress. 

ovK uv duiaiixrjv Tols ayauoicri fjvvoiv' 
vvv 8e fie yivaxTKOvra Trapepx^Tm, (lp.\ 8 a(})(tivos 

Xpffp-ocrvi/rj, iToWSiv yvovs irep apeivov ert, 
ovvfKa vvv (f)ep6fif(Tda Kaff Icrrla Xev/ca ISdKovres 5 

MrjX/ou €K irovTOv vvKra 810. 8vo(^ipr)v' 
avrXeiv 6' oIk edeXovaiV vnep^dWei fie ddXacrcra 

dp.(poT€pa>v Toix^V tj p,d\a Tis ;i^aXe7ra)y 
aw^erai, oV ep8ov(n' Kv^fpvrjTrjv fiev tnavaav 

iaGKov, o Tis (^v\aKr]v eix^v eVto-Ta/xei/aj' 10 

XpTjpara 8' apTrd^ovcri, ^ij], Koapos 8 dTroKuiXev, 

8aa-p6s 8' ovKfT 'icTos yiverai is to pecrov, 
(f)opTr]yo\ S' apxovai, KaKoi S' dya6C>v Kadvrrepdfv. 

8eipaiva> pt) ncos vavv koto. Kvpa nij]. 
ravTU poi rjVLxdoi KfKpvppfva toIs dyado'icriV 15 

yivcocTKOL 6' ("iv ris vvv kokov, ^v O-O0OJ /;. 

Money is all in all. 
Y.I pev f'xovTOS epov ttoXXoI (j)iXoC ffv 8e Tt 8eivov 
(TvyKvpCTTi, Tvavpoi ttkttov e;(0U(7t voov. 
* * * 

TrXij^ft S' dv6pu>no)V dperr] p'la ylverai f]8e, 

TrXovTflv Ta>v 8' aXXcov ov8ev up' rjv ocpeXos, 
01/8' ei croi(f)po(Tvvr]v pev exois 'Pa8apdvdvos avTov, 5 

TTKeiova 8" tlbelrji 2icrv({)ov AioXi'Sew, 


Of rt )cai e'^ AtSfw TroKv'idpfirjaiv dprfkdev, 

Trdaas JJepa^povrjv alfxvXLni(ri Xdyotc, 
fj T€ fipoToifi TTape^ei XtjOtji/^ jSXdiTTovaa vooio — 

(iXXoi 8' ovttcl) Tis TovTo y fTre<ppa.(TaTO, 10 

ovTiva brj OavoToio p.fKav ve^os dfjL(f)LKdX.ii\j/rj, 

eXdj] 8' es (TKiepov x^^pov unocjidifievcov, 
Kvaveas re inikas'^eTai,, at Te davovrcov 

■\|/'u;^aj e'lpyovaiv Kainep dvaivonevas' 
dXk apa Koi KeWev naXiv rjKvOe 2iav<pos rjpas 15 

fs (pdos rjfXiov a(j)ij(TL TroXvcppoavvan' — 
ovb el "^evSea pev ttoioI^ ervpoiaiv opoia, 

yXuxTcav e^^av dya6i]V 'Necrropos dvTideov, 
wKvrepos 8' e'trjaBa TroSay ra;^ecoj/ 'Apnviciiv 

Koi Tvaihodv Bopea>, tuiv acpap el<j\ 7r68es. 20 

oKKa xprj Trdvras yvaprjv Tavrj] KaraQiadai, 

(OS irKovTOs nXeicTTrjv ttSctii' exei dvvafxiv. 

T/te sufferifigs of the Just. 

Kai roi/r', dQavaTu^v ^aaiXev, ttois earl BiKaiov^ 

e'pycov ocTTis avfjp eKTos ecov aStKcoi/, 
pr] Tiv vTr€pj3a(TLr]v Karexoiv prjS" opKov ahirpov, 

aK\a dUaios ecov {ir) rd tUaia Trddrj ; 
t'is hr] Kev j3poTbs tiXKos, 6pS)v Trpos tovtov, eireira 5 

afoiT ddavdrovs, koi riva Bvpov ex^^^ 
OTTTTOT dvrjp abiKOs Koi dTdcrdaXos, ovre rev dpSpaiv 

ovre rev ddavdrcov pjjviv aXevopevoiy 
fjSptf?/ nXovTO) KeKoprjpevos, oi Se diKaioi 

Tpvxovrai xaXenfj reipopevoi Tvevirj ; 10 




'Oaris di'oXooaiv Trjpd. Kara ■)(prnxaTa BrjpSiv, 

Kvbiarqv aperrjv toIs (rvvte'tcrii' e^fi. 
fl p.(v yap KUTibflv /3iorou reXos rjv, ottoctov tis 

rjfxikX (KTeKecras fls 'Aidao irfpav, 
eiKOS av rjv, os p-ev TrAeio) ;^poi'Oi' aiaav epipvev, 5 

(peiSea-dai paXkov tovtov ov fi)(€ fSiov' 
vvv b' ovK (CTTiv. o 8!] KOI epo\ piya TvivBos bpcopev, 

KOL 8nKvnpai yj/vxfjv Koi 5t;(a 6vp6u '('xo), 
(V Tpi68o) d' iCTTTjKa. 8v flal TrpocrOev 68ol pof 

(ppovTi^o) Tovrav t]vtlv lo) nporeprjv' lo 

1] pr]8iv danavcbv Tpvxw ^lov eu KOKorriTi, 

fj ^0)0) Teprrvcis epya reXaiv oXiya. 
(ibnv pev yap tywy' bs €</)fiSero Kovrrore yucTTpi 

(t'itov (\ev6fpiov ttXovctios u)v ebidov' 
aXXa irp\v eKT€\eaiu KaTtjir] 86fxov"A'i8os ficro), 15 

Xprjpara 5' dv6p6)na>u uv7titv)((^v e\a:3(v, 
Si(TT fs uKmpa Tvovelv K.a\ prj bupev w k ediXjj tls. 

fiSov S' aWov, OS fl ya<TTp\ x^p^C'-'l'^^^o^ 
Xprjpara pev dUrpiyj/fv, ecjuj 6' " {iTrayco <})pfva T€py\ras' 

7rra);(evei be (fiiXovs navras, orrov riv ibrj. 20 

ovTit), ArjpoKXeis, Kara xprjpaT apicrrov unavTuiv 

TTjv banuvT]v deadai Koi /neXeVf/i/ e^epev. 
ovTf yap av npoKapcov aWo) Kuparov perat^oirjs, 

ovT tiv 7rTCL>xev(^v b()vX.()(Tvvrjv reXeois' 
ovS' el yr^pai Ikoio, to. p^pij/xara wuvr dnobpan)' 25 

ev be Toiaibf yevei xP^P^t' upiarov ex^iv. 


€t \i.kv yap TrXovrels, noXXol (piXoi, rjv Be nevrjai, 

navpoi, KovKiff opais avroi avi)p dyaOos. 
* * * 

(pel^eadai p(V "ipuvov, end ov8e BavovT anoKkaUi 

ovO(\s, i]v pi) opa xpripara Xemopeua. 30 


TdX/za Qvpi KaKolcriv op(os aTXrjTa Trenovdas' 

fietXftJi' rot KpadiT] yiverai o^vTepr]' 
pr]8e av y dnpi^KTOKTiv en' epypaaiv aXyos de^cov 

"ix6fo, prjS" ("xdei pr)Te (f)iXovs dvia 
prjS' exdpoiis evippaive. Becov S' elpappeua Bci)pa 5 

ovic av pr]'i8L(os 6vr]rbs dvfjp irpocpvyoi, 
ovT ciu nop(pvperji Kara^vs es TivOpevn XipvTjs, 

ov6' orav avTov exU Tdprapos rjepoeis. 

'EXttis iv dvdpanrois povvq 6eos ecr6\i] eveariv, 

aXXoi 8' OvKvpTTovb' (KnpoXnrovTes e^av' 
(uX'^To pev Ularis peyaXr] 6e6s, w;^fi'o S avSpSiv 

2(o^poavvT]' Xdpires t, m ^iXe, yrjv eXmov' 
opKoi 8' ovKiTi TTicrroi iv dvdpoiTTOKn 8iKaiot, 5 

ovbe ^eoii? ov8e\s a^erai d6avd.T0vs' 
euae^eav 8' dvbpaiv yevos etpdirai, ov8e de'piaras 

ovKeri yivaxTKova ov8e pev evvopias. 
aXX' oCJ)pa TLS C'^ei Koi Spa (pdos rjeXioio, 

evae^eav Trepl deovs, 'EXnida TrpoapevfTO}, 10 


i\)\k<j6(i!> Se deolai, Koi ayXaa ^xrjpia Kaiutv 

'EXtti'Si re TrpcoTJ? Ka\ iwnarrj Bviruy. 
(ppa^eado) S' dbUcov uvSpMV (tkoXiou \6yov aiei, 

ot BeSiv uBavaTbiv ovBev oTTifo/xej/oi 
altv eV dXXorpi'otj KTfdvois tirtxp^cn vorjfxa, 15 

alaxpa KUKols epyon o-u/x/3oXa 6r)Kdp.€voi,. 



I owe thee naught. 
'E/xo; yop oiiK eSwKas oiVe kco ■)(Kaivav 
taa-elav, iv xfi/xw"' (pappaKov piyevs, 
ovT da-Keprjcn tovs ttoSos daaelrjcriv 
eKpv\l/as, w? pi? M°' X'M^''"^" pijyfurat. 



^Epoi 8e likovTOS, eari yap Xirjv tv(})Xqs 
« TtaKi' fKdav oi)Sa/i' eheV 'liviriova^, 
didcopl (rot pvfiy dpyvpov rpirjKOVTa, 
Koi 770XX' eV itXXa- rds (f>pevat yup beiXaios. 


The epictirc. 
'O plv yup avTtav fj(TVXji re Koi pv^Srju 
Gvvviba re Koi ixvttostov fjnepas naaas 

ANA CR EON. 201 

8aivvfievos, Sxnrep Aaixyj^aKrjvoi (iivovxos, 
Karecpaye St) tov KXfjpov' aare xPV o'KunTfiu 
ireTpas opelas, avKa jifrpia r/wyaf, 5 

Koi Kjudtvov koXXlku, SuvXlov xppTOV. 

* * * 

ovK UTTayas re Koi Xayw Karaj^piiKcoi/, 
ov rrjyaviTas a-r](TdiJ.oi(n (papnaaaav, 
oi/S' drraviras Krjpioiaiv efilBdnTcov. 

Stripping for a fight. 
Adhere fxov Balfidria, ko-^cd BovndXov rbv 6(^6a\p.(Jv' 
ajj-^ibi^ios ydp dpn kovx d^aprdvoi Konrav. 


A nacreon. 

To Artemis. 

Tovvovfjiai (T, eXa(pri06\f, 
^av6i] TToi Alos, dypiav 

8e(T7TOiv ApTffii Orjpuiv' 
T] Kov vvv enl Arjdalov 

8lvrj(Ti BpatrvKaphmv g 

dv8pS)v eaKaropas noXiv 
Xaipova' ov ydp avrjuepovs 

TToifialvets TrokirjTas. 


To Dionysus. 
^Slva^, a) Stt/Li«Xr;ff "Epco? 

KOI NvjLl(^(U KVai/COTTtSej 

avfiTrai^ovcTiv' (nKTrpecfieai 8 

{i\|/'rjXa)v Kopv(pas opeav, 5 

yovvovp-ai ere' crv 8 evfieviis 

eXff fjpiv, Kfx^P"'"^''^'*"/* ^' 

€V_;^a)X^? fTTaKovfiv. 
KXeu/SouXo) S' liyados yevev 
(TVulBovXos' Tov efwv 8 epmr , 10 


To a niaidai. 
IlcoXe Qpr]KLT], Ti 817 /Xf 

Xo^oi/ ofifiaaiv ^XeTTOvaa 
mfkeois (pevyfis, Soiceas de 

fi ov8ev f iSewzi (To(pov ; 

'i<t6i TOl, KoXtOS p-iV av TOL 5 

TOV -^iikivov tpf^uXoipi, 
ijVLas 8 ex^oiv crTpf(poipi 
cr' a/x0l TfppaTii 8pupov. 

vvv 8f XfipS)ucii re ^ocTKfai 

Kovfjid re (TKipTuxra Trai(eis' lO 

Se^iof yap 'nrnorretprjv 

ovK e^ftf eTrepLf:iuTr]v. 

anacreon: 203 

Bring me -wine. 

4>ep' vScop, ^f'p' olvov, S) TToi, 

<j>(p€ S' dv6(iJ.€vvTas rjiuv 
(TTfcfidvovs, eveiKoVj as 8f) 

npus "Epcora ttvktoXi^co, 
* * * 

Ke\il3r]v, oKOis ufxvaTiv 
Trponio}, TO. fjLfv Se/c eyxeas 

i'Saros, ra Trevre d oi,vov 
Kvddovs, 0)5 dvv^picTTl 

dva drjvTe ^aaaaprjao). 10 

"Aye 8i]VT€ fj.r)Ke6 ovtq) 

Trarayo) re KaXaXtjTa 
'2Kv6LKt)v nocTiv Trap o'iva> 

peXeTcbfxep, dWa (caXot? 
vTrmrivovTfS iv ypvois 15 

KXeicrcopev Aiovvaov. 


He is old. 

ndXiol p€v i']pit' rj8T) 

KpoTW^Qi Kapr] T€ "KevKoVj 
XapUacra b' ovKeB" i](3t] 

Tvdpa, yrjpakeoL fi' oSdi/Ter. 
yXvKepov S ovKeTi ttoWos 5 

j3i6tov xpovos XeXfiTrraf 


Sui raiT dvacrToXv^o) 

Oafiu Taprapov SeSoiAccof. 
'At'Sfco yap icm Seivos 

fivx^s, apyaXeq 8' ey avTOv lo 

Ka^oSoff' <cat yap fToifiov 

Kara^dpTi ftfj dva^^vai. 



The song to Harmodius. 

'Ev jjLvpTov KXabl TO ^i(pos (poprjaa, 
locrnep 'App.68ios koi ^ApiaroytlToiv, 
oT€ Tov Tvpavvov KTavertjv 
ItTOVOfiov^ r ^Adrjvai eTroiTjadTrjv. 
^CKraff 'App-obi, ov tI nov redvrjKas, 5 

vi]<jois S' ev iiuKdpcou ae (paatv eivai, 
Iva TTfp TToSoiicTji 'A;(tXevs', 
Tvbet^r^v re (paaiv Ato/xTjSfa. 

'El/ nvprov xXaSi to ^i(})Oi <^opi]au>, 
o}(r7Tfp'Apfi68ios Kai'ApiOToyflTav, 10 

or 'Adrjvairjs iv Svaiais 
avhpa rvpavvov "imrapxov fiiai.veTr]p. 

Ai€« (T(j)o)v k\(os t<T(T(Tai KuT alov, 
cplXTud' 'Apfiobios Koi *ApL(TToyeiTO)v, 

oTi TOV Tvpavvov KTaveTT]P, 1 5 

laovonovs T 'A6t]vas tnoirjUaTr^v, 




The swallow song in Rhodes. 

Kokai wpas ayovaa, 
KoXovs iviavTovs, 
cttI yaarepa Xevm, 
eVt vaira neXaiva, 5 


eK niovoi o'ikov, 
o'lvov re BenaaTpov, 
Tvpav re KavvarpoV 
Koi TTvpva ;^eXi8cbv 10 

Kai XfKiBirav 
ovK aTTOidelTat. 
TTorep' dniapes, r) Xa^uipeBu ; 
el peu Ti S&JCTfts* ft 8e pf), ovk eda-opev, 
TJ rdv Bvpav (fiepcopfs *) TOvwepBvpov, 15 

T) Tav yvvaiKa Tiiv ecrco KaBrjpevav' 
piKpa pev ecrri, paSlcas piv o'laopev. 
av Se (ptprjs Ti, 
peya 8r] ti cjiepois. 
(ivoiy , tivoiye tiiv Bvpav xiKibovf 20 

01) yap yepovTts iapev, oKkd naidia. 

2o6 UNKNO WN. 


The Eiresione in Samos. 

Awfxa TrpoareTpaTToiMeaO' dfSpoy /Lteya dvvafievoio, 
OS peyc- pfv bvvarai, fxeya be ^pipa ok^ios aid. 
avrai dvaKkivecrde 6vpai' ttXovtos yap eaeio'tv 
noWos, (Tvv TrXovTO) 6e Koi eicppocrvinj reSaXvla, 
fipfiVT] T dyadfj' otra S' ciyyea, fieara fiev etrj, 5 

Kvp^uir] S alf\ Kara Kap^ionov epwoi p-d^a, 
villi fX€V KpiBairjV fucoTrtSa arjaap-oecraav 

Tov TraiSo? Se yvvrj Kara 8i(ppa8a ^rjcreTai, vppiv, 

Tjn'iovoi S' (i^ovai Kparainodes fs roSe dcopa' 

avTTj 8' laTov vcjiaivoc in tjXcKTpa ^efiavla. 10 

vevjial Toi, Vfvpai eviavcrios, coare ^(Xi8(ov 

eaTTjK iv TTpodvpois i|/'tX)7 TTodas. 


Simonides of Ceos. 

To Scopas of TJiessaly. 

"AvBp dyaOhv piv aXaOiois yeveadai 

^oKfTTW x^paiu re Kal Trotrt Ka\ voai 

TerpuyiovoVj nviv ■\f/6yov reTvyptvoV 

OS uv 11 KctKos prjS" liyav dndXapvos, fl- 

8a)s y ovrjd'nrokiv h'tKav, 5 


iyifji avrjp' ouSe firj fiiv iyat 

fKOfXTjaofjiat.' tS)v yap rjXiduov 

anfipav yeveBXa. 

irdvra rot KoXa, Tolai r 

ala^pa y^tij nijiLKTai. lo 

Ovbe fjLOi. ipfieXeois to UiTTaKtiov 
vefierai, kqitoi (ro(j)ov napa (paros ei- 
prjpevov' ;i^aXe7roi' (par eadXov f/xpevac. 
6fos av povoi TovT i'xot yepas' avbpa S" ovk 

eari prj ov kukov eppevai, 1^ 

ov duT])(avos (Tvpcpopa KadeXrj, 
npa^as yap ev ttch avrjp aya66s, 
KaKos S , ft KaKa>s' Kal 
TovninXe'ia-Tov opiaToi 
Tovs Ke Beoi cj)iXa>aiv. 20 

TovvfKev ovTTOT iya> to prj yeveadai 
twoTov di^Tjpevos, Keveav e'y n- 
TrpaKTOv eXTTiSa potpav alcopos /SaXeo), 
TTavdpcopov avdpconov, evpveSovs octol 

KapTTov nlvvpfBa xBovos' 25 

eVt S vppiv (vpa>u anayyeXeco' 
TTuVTas S* iTcaivrjpi Koi (f)iX(a>, 
eKOiv oaTis epbtj 
pTjBev alaxpov, dvdyKq 8' 
ovde 6eol pd^ovTai. 30 


The heroes of Thermopylae. 

Twi/ «V OepfionvKaK davovrav 

iVKXerji fj-iv a Tvxa, koXos 8' 6 ttoV/xoj, 

^onfjLos S' 6 ra(pos, npo yocov be 

fivaarii, 6 S" oIktos eiraivos' 
ivrafpiov be toiovtov ovt evpiis 5 

ovff 6 TravbapuTcop dpavpaxrei XP"""^- 
avbpwv dyaSav o8e arjKos olKerav evho^lav 

'EXXuSoj elXero- pLaprvpel be Aetovibas 
6 2ndpTas ^aaikevs, dperds fxeyav XeXoiTTwr 

Koafiov devaov re K\eos. 'O 


The Spartans at Thcrtnopylac. 

'Q ^elv, dyyeWeiv AaKebaipoviois, on rfibe 
Keifxeda, roty Keivav pr]paai TT(i6upepoi., 

The Athenians at Plataea. 

Et TO /caXir dvljaKeiv dper^ji pepos earl peyiarov, 
Tjpiv €K irdvTiov tovt' dnevtipe tvx^' 

'EXKdbi yap anevbovTes eKev6epir]v nepiQelvai 
Keipeff dyrjpuvTM ^(pco/xei/oi evT^oyir]. 



The Laccdaevionians at Plataca. 

"Acr^earrov xXeo? otSe (fiiXr] nepl Trarpt'St Sevres 

Kvaveov davdrov a/x(^e/3dXoj'ro pecpos' 
ovSe Tfdvacri davovres, eVft a(p' dperr] KadvnepOev 

Kvdaivovcr dvdyei Stu/ioror e^ AiSeco. 


Timocreon of Rhodes. 

IloXXa cf)aya)v Koi ttoXXu Trtoji' koI TroXXa ko/c enrwu 
dvdpcJTTOvi TipoKpeccv 'PoBios. 


Cleobzthis of Lindus. 

Ti'f /cff alvijaeie voa mcrvvos 

AivBov vaerav KXeo^ovKov 

devdois TTOTOfjiOts 

(ivdetTL t' elapivo'iaiv 

dfXiov re 0Xoyi ;Ypi;(reas re aeXavas 5 

/cat 6aka(T<Tniaiai 8ivais 

dvTia Bivra jievos a-rdXas ', 

anavra ydp icm decov rjaaco' Xidov 8e 

Kol fiporeoi TraXdpai 6pav- 

ovtC ficopov (j)coTQS abe /3ovXa. 10 




"Orf \apvaKL Kiir iv SaiSaXea, 
apffios T f(f)6pei fnv TTvecov 
KivrjBelcrd re Xifiva, 
SeT/io Trpoa-e'tpne tot ovk d^iavTOiari, Trapfiais, 

dp(f)i Te Uepai'i /3uAXe (piXav X^P°- 6 

€t77€ re" w TfKos, oiov exco ttovov 
cri) S' dcoTfis" yukaatjva) t 
^Topi Kvaxraeis iv arepnfl 
bovpuTi xc^K^oy6p(j)M, 
vvKTi dXafinel Kvavao re bvocf^oy Tadeis' !0 

aXptav 8' vTT(p6ev Ttdv Kopdv ^adt'iav 
irapioVTOs KVfxaTOS ova dXeyeis, ovb avep-ov 
(Pdoyyov, 7rop(}}vpta 
Kiipevos iv ■)(Kavihi, TTpocrut- 

Tvnv KXidep TvpoacoTTCo. 15 

(I Se TOi 8fivuu TO ye beivuv rjv, 
Kai K(v ipwv prjpaTcou XervTov vnux^^ ovas. 
KeXopai 8\ (i/be ^pe(Pos, fvSeTco 8e novros, 
evbero) tiptTpov kqkov' 

/xerat/3oXia Se rts ({)av£iT], 20 

Z(ii TraTep, tK creo' 
OTTi 8f 6apaaXeov eTTOs 
fi'X^P-ai- v6a<piv bUas, crvyyvaiOi poi. 




'AXX' ft TV ye Uavaaviav 
7] Koi TV ye Sdvdimrov alveeis 
fj TV ye AevTv^i^av, 
eya 6' ^ Api<TTeihav iiraivea 
(ivhp Upav dir 'Adavuv 5 

ekOe'iv eva Xokttov, enel 
ee/Aio-roKXij' fjx6ape Aaro), 

yjrevaTaVy adiKov, Trpoborav, 
OS TifioKpeovTa ^e'lvov ovra 

dpyvp'ioicri Kv^a- lO 

XiKoTcri ireicrBels ov KUTayev 

es iraTplb laXvaov' 

\al3oiv 8e Tpi dpyvpiov 

ToiXavT e^u irXeav eU okeBpov^ 

Toiis fiev Kardyav uhUas 15 

Tovs 8' eKbioxcov tovs Se Kaivav, 

dpyvpicov vTTOTrXeccff' 

'lcr6p.ol S" irravhoKeve yXoiwi 

y^rvxpa Kpea napex'^i'' 

01 6' TjcrBiov KrjV)(OVTO p.r] 20 

&pav QeixiOTTOKkeos yeviaOai. 

P 2 

212 PR ATI MAS. 



A dance sofig. 

Ti'j 6 Oopv^os oSe ; ri rd8e to. xopevfiara ; 

Tis vl3pis e/ioXei' tnl Aiovv- 

cridba iroXvTriiTaya BvfxeXav \ 

epos fpo9 6 Bpopios' 

tpe Sei (cfXttSeii/, e/xe Sft TraTayelv 5 

dy' oyjea Ovpivov pera Naidficoi/ 

Old re KVKVOV ayovra 

TTOiKiKoTTTe pov peXoi. 

rav doiSav KariaTaaiV a Iliepts 

jBaaiXeiau' 6 d avXos 10 

ZaTfpov )(op€veTco' 

Koi yap ead vTrTjperas. 

Kutpat fxovov 6vpapu)(ois re 

Tvvypuxicii-cn veuiv BeXei, Trapoivav 

eppeuai (TTpaTT]\a.Tas, 15 

Traie tov ^pvya tov doibov 
TTOiKiKov TTpoax^eovTa' 
<j)Xeye tov oKeaiaiaXoKoXapov, 
XaXo^apvona irapapikopvOpo^aTav 6 
vnai TpvTvdvui 5(pas TVCTrKacr ptvov . 20 

rjv l8ov' cide (roi Se^td 
Ka\ TToSoj diappicfid, 6piap(3o8i6vpap^e' 
KiyTVoxaiT liva^, uKove 
rav epdv 
Aatpmv ^(^npfiav. 25 




A drinking song. 

'Ectti \ioi TrXoOrof fxeyas 8upv icai ^l.(pos 

Koi TO KaXov Xuicrifiov, Trpo^Xrjua xp(>>'^"i' 

TOVTco yap dpa, tovtco Bepi^u), 

TOVTca ■Karid) tqv aSiiv oivov mv dp-TreXa)' 

TOVTO) decTTTOTas jivolas KeKXrjpac. 5 

Tot 8e firj roXficovT e^etv 86pv Ka\ ^i(pos 

Koi TO KaXov XaicXTj'iov, irpo^X-qp-a xpt^Tos' 

ndvTes yovv TtenTTjcoTes upov 

TrpoaKvvevPTi pe becnroTav 

Koi piyav IBatriXTJa (paviovri. 10 




"OX/Sioj, aire ^eo? poX- 

pdv re KaXcbv ewopfv 

aw T eVt^aXa) TV)^a a(j)pe- 

6v ^lOTCiv Siayetf* 

ov yap Tts (TTixdovLcou 5 

navra y (v8ai.paiv ecjjv. 


QvaTotcri ^fj (})vvai (fyepiarov, 

firjb' deXiov TrpocrtSeti/ ^eyyos* 

oAj3toff 8' ovbds ^poTcbv ndvTa xpoVoi/. 



'I'tKTft 8« TOi Svarolaiv Elpdva fxeyav 
nXovTOV Kol pf\iy\co(Taa>v aoiSai' avdea, 
8ai8a\ea>v t enl jBcofjLwi/ 
deolaiv aWtadai /3ocoi/ 
^avBa 0Xoyi prjpa ravvrpixoiv re prjXuiv, 5 

yvpvacrlav re veois av- 
XSjv T€ Koi Kwpcdv peXeiv. 

'Ev 8e ai^apo8iTOis ■nopira^iv alddv 
dpaxvdv iaroi neXoi^at' 
(yXfd re Xoyx^ra ^t'(^ed r' 10 

dp(f)dK(n 8dpviiTai evpu>s' 
XaKKedv 8' ovk eVri (raXTrtyywi/ /cruTTOs* 
ovSe avKdrai pe\t<j)p(cv 
vTTvos dno (BX((pdpci)v, 
uphv OS OaXTTfC Keap. 15 

avpTToalap 8' eparcou jSpldovr ayviat, 
rraidiKol & vpvoi (jiXfyovrm. 


Eis opos, pia 8e fiporo'is 
f(TT\u fvTVXias oSof, 


6vfji6v el Tis i'xQiV aTTevdrj 
Sto.TeXcti' dvvaTai ^loV 
OS be fivpuiv [xevoivav 

(i^(pL7ToXe'i (Ppev\, 
TO Se ■rrap' apap re Koi 
vvKTU fieXKovTcap X^P'" 

alev laTTTerai Keap, 
UKapiraTov e^ei ttovov. 

Ti yap eKa<ppoi> er ear inrpax^o 
wS' udvpopevov 8ovelu 
Kapdiav J 



rXvKfi' nuajKa 
e<T(Tvp(vav KvXUcov dtiXnrjcri dvfiov, 
KvirpiBos 8' eXnls dtaidvaaei (j>pevas 

dfifj.iywp.eva Aiovvatoiai Bapois, 

dv8pd(Ti & v-^oraTdi irepTrei peplfivas' 

aiTi}( 6 fiev TroXewi' Kprj8epva Xvei, 

irda-i S' dvdpoiTTois povapxrjaeiv doKe'c 



Xpycoi 6 eAecpavTi Te pappaipovcriv olkoi, 
Tivpo(p6poi 8e KUT aiyXijevTa ttovtov 

vrjes iiyovcriv an Aiyvrrrov peyiarov 10 

nXovTov' (OS TTivovTos oppaivei Keap. 

2i6 PINDAR. 



Q Tpoiey aprjlcpikoi, 

Zfiis i\l/ifj.e8a)v, os anavTa tepKerai, 

oiiK. aiTLOs Bvarois iieyaXav a.\i(i)V' aXX 

iv fitao) Ke^rai KL)(e'iv 

TTaaiv uvBpumoicn AiKau ocriav, 5 

uyvas 'Evvoftlas clkoKovBov 

Ka\ TTiuvTas Qefiiboi' 

oX/3tu)i' naides viv fvpovres (txjvoikov. 


P iiida7\ 

For Thero of Agrigetttum, wimier in the chariot race. 

^ Ava^icpopfxiyy^s vpvoi, 
rlva Beov, t'iv ijpcoa, Tiva 8' tivhpa K(\ahr)(TopfVj 
jJToi nlcra piv Aios' 'OXv^TriciSa 8' earaaev HpaKKfrjs 
UKpodtva TTokipOV. 

Qrjpcova be Tfrpaopias eveKa viKa(f)upov 5 

y(ya)UT]Teov, owi 8i<ai,ov ^ivcov, fpeia-p.' 'AKpdyavros, 
fvci}VVfi(M)v re Trarfpoiv ucotov up6u7ro\iv' 

KapovTfs 01 TToWa 6vp(o 
Upov eax^ov oiKrjpa TTorapov, SiKeXms t eaav 

i-ii. Of whom shall be the song of Olympic triumph? 
Of Zeus ; of Heracles ; of Thero, righteous in rule, victor in 
the race, flower of the glorious Cadmeian line. 

PINDAR. 217 

u(f)daXiji')s, alojv r tcfxTte fxapa-ifjios, 6 tt'Kovtov t( kcu X^P''" 
uyatv 10 

yvTjcriais err uperais. 

uXk' 0) Kpovie TToi 'Pea?, eBos 'OXvpiTrov vej^icov 
dfSXcov T€ Kopv(f)hv Tvopov T ^A\(f>eov, luvdels doiBuls 
(vcPpcov (ipovpav trt irarpiav cripicnv Kopiaoi/ 

XotTTCo yivei. tu>v 8e Trenpayfievcov 15 

€U SiKO, T€ Koi TTcipa SiKov aTTOirjTOV ov8 av 
Xpovos 6 TrdvTuiv naTrjp hvvairo 6epev epyav reXos' 
Xdda 8e TTOT/HQ) aw eiSni/xoj/i yevoiT liv. 
eaXcop yup ino x^tppuTav nrjpa 6vd<jK(i 
TvdKiyKOTov bapaaOiv^ 20 

oTav 6fov Moipa irefiTrr] 
dveKas oX/3oj/ vyj/rjXov, enerat. 8e Xo'yos evQpovois 
KaS/xo(o Kovpais, (TraOov ai peydXaj TTfvSos 8' eirirvei fiupv 
Kpeaaovai' npos dyaOutv. 

^coet pkv iv 'OXu/iTTt'ois, aTToBavo'iaa fipopat 25 

Kepavvoii ravvtdeipa 2e/ieXa, (piXd de piv IlaXXas aiei, 
Ka\ Zivs narrjp pdXa, (f)iXel 8e nais 6 Kiaao(p6pos. 

XiyovTi S ep Kal BaXdcraa 
fxeTa Kopatai Nrjprjos ciXlais fiiOTov a(p6iT0V 
Ivoi TfTd^dai TOP oXov dp,<p\ p^pofov. fjroi jSpoTcov ye 
KfKpiTat 30 

12-52. And long be the Cadmeians glorious! On their 
past I waste no prayer. Ino and Semele it sufficed — suffice it 
for the present, that tears which cannot be unwept are dried 
in joy, joy which may again for a season give place to evil, as 
with Oedipus of old, but will return once more, as it returned 
in Thersander, as it returns in Thero to-day, crowning his 
cares with the triumph which asks our song. 

2i8 PINDAR. 

ntlpas ov Tt davuTov, 

oiiS' a.(rv)(^iiJLOV ufitpav onore naih aiKiov 

areipei aiiv ayaOa Tfkevraaoynv' pool b oKKot ixKkai, 

eidvpiav re p.fTa Koi ttovchv es uv8pas e^av. 

ouTQ) Se MoTp', a re irarponiou 35 

Twi/S' f)(fi. Tou ev(f)pova noTp.ov, Beopra crvv 6X/3&) 
itiL Ti Kai Tvrjfi ayei TraXiVTpuTTtXop oXXo) ^pova' 
f^ ovnep fKTfive Aaov poptpos vlos 
rrvuavTopfvos, iv 8e Ilvdavi ;(p>;(r5ei' 

tSoicra 8 d^el Epivvvs 
(Tr€(ppe ol avv dWaXocpovia yepos aprfioV 
Xeifpdt] Se Qepcrav8pos epinevTi IloXvveiKei, ve'ois fv dfOXois 
iv pd^ais re noXepov 

Tipicpivos, ' A8pa(TTi8dv daXos dp(oy6v bopois' 45 

odev (rneppaTos exovn p'i(av. irpend, tov AlvrjaLbapov 
eyKcopicov re peXtcov Xvpau re Tvyxavtpev. 

'OXv/im'a peu yap avros 
yepas edeKTO, HvdojVL S' opnicXapov is d8eX(peov 
'ladjxol re Koivai XdpiTfs avOea Tedplmrav dvcobeKa- 
bpopcov 50 

uyayov' to 8e Tvxelv 

7r(ipa>pevov dymvlas, napaXvti 8v!T(Ppovuv. 
6 pav irXovTOS dperals 8e8ai.8aXpfVos (ptpei rav re Kcti rav 

53-S3. How docs such wealth with virtue joined give great 
deeds to do and with hunger to achieve them stir the soul ! 
a beacon-star of destiny to him who has learned the dooms 
of the just and unjust. For to the unjust dead there is 
penance appointed in return to earth : for the unjust in this 

PINDAR. 219 

Kaipou, fia6flav vne^^av fiipijivav dyporepav, 

CKTrffp api(rj\o9. in'jTvpov 55 

a.v8p\ (jieyyos' (i ye piv €\u>v rts, oi8ev to peXKov, 
on Bavovruiv piv fv6u8' aiiTis aTruXapvot (ppevfs 
noivas fTicrav, to. 8 iv robe Aibs apx^ 
dXirpa Kara yas St/ca^et tis e'x^P? 
\6yov (ppdcrais dvayKq, 60 

'i(Tov fie vvKTf<j(jiv ale\, 
Lua b' iv apepais akiov e^ovres cmovtcmpov 
ioKol bfKovTai ^iotov, ov )(S6va rapdaaovrei ev X^P^^ aKpa 
ovbe TTovTLOv vbaip 

Kiivav napa biairav' dXXa jrapa pev ripioi^ 65 

6eS>i/, oLTives f'xaipov evopKiais, dbaKpvv vepovrai . 
alccva' Toi h dtrpocropaTov okx^ovti ttovov. 

oaroi S eroXpaaav ecrrpts 
fKOTepwdi ptlvavres otto ndpnav dbiKCDV ^x^i-v 
^vxav, ireikav Aios 686u napd Kpovov rvpmv' ei'uci 
poKapoiv 70 

vdaov uKeaviBes 

avpai TvepiTTveoicriv' avdepa be xP'^f^ov (})\eyei, 
Til pev ;^f/3(7(j^e!/ ott' dyXaOtv bevbpeav, vbap b aWa 

oppoiai Ta>v X^P^^ dvaTrkeKovri Koi (TTf(pdvois 

^ovXais iv opOdicn 'Pabapdv6vos, 75 

life there is a doom below ; but for the just is rest beside the 
honoured of the gods : and when for three lives on earth and 
three ages below they have endured steadfastly, resisting 
injustice to the end, for them Zeus' own path opens to the 
tower of Cronos and the islands of the blessed, whose im- 

2 20 PINDAR. 

ou iraTTjp e^et Kpovos eroifiov avra irdpebpov, 

TTocris 6 ndpTcov 'Peas vne pTUTOv exoiaas Gpovov. 

IlrfKivs T€ Koi KdSfios iv rcnaiu aXeyoirrai' 

'A;^tXXea t evetK, (irel Zrjvos rjTOp 

XiTols fTTeicre, paTTjp' 8o 

OS "E/CTop' e'ff^aXe, Tpoias 
Sfiaxov d(TTpa^T] Kiova, Kvkvov re davdra nopev, 
'\ovs re TralS" AWiona. noXXd fiot in ajKavos wKia 

ev8ov eVri (paperpas 

^(ovdfvra crvvfToicnv' is Se to ttciv epfirjveiov 85 

XdTiCft- (TO(pbs 6 TToKka eiScos ^va' pudovres 8e Xd^pOL 
nayyXoiCTaia, KopaKis &s, aKpavra yapverov 

Aios TTpos opvixa Bfiov. 
(Tifx^ ^^^ o-KOTToi To^ov, tiye dvpe, riva ^aXXopfv 
€K pa\6aKus uvre (ppepos (viikfas oiarovs Uvres ', fni. 
TOt, 90 

' AKpdyavTi ravvaais' 
avSdaopai ivopKiuv \6yov u\a6ii voca, 

mortal crowns shall replace the olive Thcro wins to-day : for 
there dwells Cadmus, the founder of his line, and thither go 
the pious and the bold to be counted with holy Peleus and 
the hero Achilles. 

83-92. Enough : my song shall stay its pinions : not, O 
envious tribe of daws, that the eagle can soar no longer ; for 
see, once more I praise Thero, flower of a hundred years, 
liberal as beseems a king: but that envy waits on praise. 
Enough of the number of the sea-sands that they are count- 
less : enough that There's good deeds are as the sands of the 

PINDAR. 221 

rfKfti/ \x.r] Tiv fxarov ye erecov iroKiv ^iXots uv8pa fiaXXov 

evepyerav Trpaniatv d(f)dnve(TTep6v re X^P" 

Qr]pa)Vof. «XX' alvov e^a Kopos 95 

ov Si'm crvvavTuptvos, aWa papywv vtt' dv8puv, 

TO XaXay^crai. 6e\<ov Kpvcfiov re 6ep.ev eorXau koXoIs 

epyoLs. ene\ ■^a.pp.os dpidpau 7repnr€(p€vyev' 

CKflvos ocra ^appar aXXois t6r]Kev, 

Tis av (ppdaai Svvairo ; 100 

[Olymp. II.] 


// is safer to think of the gods nothing unworthy. 

'^H BavpaTci TToXXa, Kal ttov tl koI ^porwv (pdrtv Intp top 

dXadt] Xoyop 

debaidaXpevoi yj/evdeai tvolkiXois f^aTraTcovrt pvdoi. 

Xdpii S', anep anavra revxei rd peiXixa SvaroLS, 

fTTKpfpoiaa Tipdv Koi ajnarov ipricraTO niaTov 

eppevai tottoXXukis' 5 

dpepai 5' eniXonroi 

fidprvpes (To(po}TaToi, 

€(rrt 8' dv8p\ (j}dp.ev eoiKos dp(pii daipovoov KaXd' p-uoov yap 


4 [Olymp. I. 2S-35.] 


The first Olympic games. 
Ttff brj TToraiviov 
eXaxe (TTecpapoif 
Xe'i-pfcrai TTocTiv re Kai appari, 
dyuiviop iv ho^av 6ep.evos f^xos, f'py^ KadeXoiv ' 

222 PINDAR. 

(TTabiov fieu dplcTTevaev, fv6vv tovov 5 

TTOcro"! Tpe)((ov, Trm? 6 Aikuj-wlov 
Olavos' i<ev Se MibeaSfv CTTparbv iXcwvcop' 6 8e TraXa 

Kvdaivcov Exefios Teyeav' 
AopufcXo? 8' e^fpe irvypas reKos, 
Tipvvda vaicov 776X1U' 
uv imroKTi 8e reTpacnv 10 

aTTO Mawn/fas '2apos coXipodiov' 

("iKOVTl ^pCKTTOap '4\a(T( CTKOTTOV 

paKos B 'Ewfcevy e'BtKe Trerpco X^P^ KvKXaaan iirep andvrwv. 

Koi (Tvppa)(ia dopv^ov 

TTapaidv^e piyav. iv 6' eomfpov 

((\>\f^ev evwTTtSof 15 

(TeKavai iparov (fxlo^. 

aeiSero 6e ttciu Tepe vos TepTrvdlcn daXlats 

TOP eyKapiov dp<pi Tpoirov, 

[Olymp. XL 60-77.] 


For Hiero of Aetna, winner in the chariot race. 
Xpvaea (f)6ppLy^, ' AttoXKcovos (cat loTrXoKapcav 
(TvvhiKov MotCTai/ KTeavov' rds oKovd pev fiadLS, dykaias 

dpxa, « 

TTilQovTai. S" dotSoi (Tupaaiv, 

6yr](rixop(ov oTTorav npooipioyv dpIBoXas Tevxijs iXtXi^opeva. 
Koi Tou alxparau Kfpavvov ajSevvveis 5 

dfvdov TTVpos. evSfi 8' dvu aKanro) Aios altrus, wKflav 
TTTepvy dp(PoTfpco6ev ;faXa|^ats, 

Music, the marriage of Apollo's and the Muses' art, orders 

PINDAR. 223 

apxbs olavcov, KeKaiuamv 8' eiri 01 ve^peXav 
ciyKvXcp Kpar), ■yX(({)dpo3U 0611 KkataTpov, fcare^'euas' o 8e 

vypov vaiTOV aiapet, reoLS 
pmaiai KaTaaxopevos. /cat yap ^iaTas"Apr]s, rpaxe'iav avevde 

XiTToiv 10 

iyX^o^f aKpav, laivei Kapbiav 
Kbopari, KrJXa 8e fcat daipovcov deKyei (jipevas, dpfjii re Aarolda 

ao(j)ia jSadvKoXncov re Moiadv. 
ocrora be prj TrecpikrjKe Zevs, drv^ovTai j3oav 
Jluplddiv diovTa, ydv re Koi ttovtov kut apaipdneTov, 
OS t' €P alva Taprdpco Kflrai, deav TToXepios, 15 

Tvipibs iKOTOVTaKapavos' rov ttotc 
KiKiKiov dpe'^ev TTokvavvpov avrpov' vvv ye pav 
ral 6" vTxep Kvpas aXiepKees oxdai 
2tKeXia T avTOv nie^ei crrepva Xaxvdevra' klqiv S' ovpavia 

vi<p6e(T(T A'lTva, ndveres x'-Ofoi o^e'ias ridrpa' 20 

rds ipevyovTai pev airXuTov nvpos dyvoTarai 
eK pvx(ov TTayai noTapoi 8' apepaiaiv pep npoxeovTi pdov 

aidcov' dXX' ev op(f)vaiaLV nerpas 
(Polviaaa KvXivdopeva <f)X6^ is ^adelav (pepei ttoutov -nXdKa 

(Tvv TTardyco. 
Kelvo S' 'A<pai(TTOLo Kpovvoiis epnerov 25 

tetvordTOvs dvairepneL' repas pev davpdtriov TTpo(Ti.8ecr6ai, 

6avpa he Ka\ TrapiovTOiv dKovaat, 

all things, the song and dance which go on to-day, all things 

224 PINDAR. 

oiov A'lrvas ev /xeXa/LK^i-XXoty SeSerat Kopvcpuls 
Koi Tifbco, tTTpcdfjLva Se xapacraoitr anav vcotov TroTiKeKXifiei'Ov 

enj, Zev, tIv eirj dvhdveiv, 

OS TovT fCpeTTfis opos, evKcipTTOio yaias fieTconov, rov peu 

firawpiav 30 

kK(ivos OLKKTri-jp eKvbaveu ttoXiv 
yeiTOva, Ilvdiddos S' (v 8p6pa Kapv^ dveenre viv dyyeWwv 

'lepauos iiTrep KaXKivLKOv 
dppacri. vav(Ti(popr]Tois S" dv8pdai TrpaiTa x^'P's 
es ttKoov dpxop-ivois nopiTraiov eXdeiv ovpov' ioiKtWa yap 
KOi reXevrdv (peprepav vocrrov rvx^tv. 6 8e Xoyos 35 

ravrais eVi avvrvxicits 8d^av (^(pei 
\ombv eaafcrBai aTe(f)dvoi(TL viv "tvttois re kXvtuv 
Koi cri/v ev(f)a)vois daXiais ovvnaardv. 
AvKie Koi AdXov dvdacrav ^o'l^if, Uapvaaov re Kpdvnv 

'K.acTTdXiav (fiiXeuiv, 
(diXrjcrais ravrn vdco ridepev evavBpov re xiopav. 40 

(K 6fS)v yap pa-)(\ Trdcrai jiporeais aptrais, 
Kai (TO(f)oi KOL X^P*^' jStaral TreplyXaiaaoi t ecPvv. twSpa b 

iya> Kiivov 
alvjjani p.(voiva)v eXnopai 
fiT] ^aXKondpaov uKovff coaeiT dyavos l^aXelv e^ai •naXdp.a 

fiaKpd Se pirj/ais dpevaaaff dvriovs. 45 

fl yap 6 Tzds ^(^povos oXfiov ptv ovtco kuI KTfdvav Btxnv 
(vOvvoi, KapuTcov 8' iniXacriv 7rapd(rx_oi. 

noble and strong, and the minds of the great gods themselves. 

PINDAR. 225 

r] Kev nixvd(Tfi(v, olais iv iroKifiOKTi fxd)(ais 
rKafiovi '^vxa napeixeiv, "'''x' fvpiaKovTO 6(U)v naXafiais, 
olav ovTis EWdvav Sptnei, 
ttXovtov (TTf(f)dv(Ofi dy(pw)(ov, vvv ye pav rav 'ifCKoKTr^rao 

b'lKav i(pinu)V !^o 

f(TTpaTfv6r]' avi> 8' dvayKaia (^'Ckov 
Kal Tis i(ov fieyaXdvoip ecravev, (f)avTl Se AapvoSev eX/cft 

T(ip6p.epov perapfifiovras e\df7v 
7]pa>as dvTtdeovs UolavTOs vlov To^oraV 
OS Upidpoio TToXiv irepaev, reXevT-acreV re novovs Aavaois, 
aaOevei. piv XP^''''- jSruVcoi/, dXXa poipiSiov rju. :;;; 

ovTO) 8' 'lepcovi neXoi opdcoTrjp Bibs 
TOP irpocnpTTOvTa xpdvov, uiv eparai, Kaiphv diSovs. 
Moiaa, Koi nap Aeivopevei KeXaS^crat 
TTiBeo p.01 TTOLvav TtBp'nvTvmv. x^PH-^ ^' ovk dWoTpiov vtKa- 

(popia TTurepos. 
ay fTTfir Airvas ^aatXel (fiiXiov e^evpcopfv vp.vov' 60 

Tw TToXtv Kftvav OiobpuToa (Tvv iXev6(pla 
YXXi'oo? arddpas 'itpcov iv vdpois (KTiaa' i6iXovTi 8i 

Ka\ pdu 'HpnKXfiddv tKyovoi 
oxOais V7TO Tavyerov vuiovres aleX pevav Ti6p.(naiv iv 

Acoplois. eaxov 8' 'ApvKXas oX^ioi. 6^ 

Tliv866(v opvvpeioi, X(VK07ru>Xcov Tvp8api8av j3a6i8o^oi yti- 

roves, hv KXios livdr]<j(v aixpds. 

Only the rebels against Zeus' will hate and fear its power, 


2 26 PINDAR. 

Zfv reXet', aul Se Toiavjav 'Afiffa najj v8<j)p 
al<Tav daToTy Koi ^acriXeiaiv SioKpivfiv fTvixov Xo'yoi/ dv- 


crvv TOi Tiv K€P ayr)Tr]p avqp, 

via r (TTiTtWopieuos, tajiov ytpaipcov Tpdrroi crvpcfxovov ecj)' 

a(TV)(lav. 70 

Xiaao/xai vevcrov, Kpoviav, dp,epov 
o(f)pa Kar oikou 6 ^olvi^ 6 Tvpcravaiv t dXakaros fX!J> 

vavoKTTovov v^piv Ihoiv Tciv npo Kvpas' 
oia '2vpnK0iTiaiv up)(a BafiaaOevres iradiiv, 
diKVTTopav aTTO vaihv o? a(f)i.v iv ttuvto) ^liXeff oKiKiau, 
'EXXdS i^eKKiiV finpflas bovKias. dpeop.ui 'j^ 

Trap p.ev 2aXap.'ivos 'Adavalcov x^'P'" 
picrdov^ fv 'S.ndprq 6' epeo) npo Kidaipapos p.dxav, 
raicri Mj;Seioi Kdp.ov dyKvkoTo^oi, 
Trapa 8e rav evvhpov aKrav 'ipepa TTaibeticriv vpvov Aeii/o- 

pevtvs TeXeaais, 
rov ebi^nvT dpcf)' dpera, no\(>v avhpCav KapovTcov. 80 

Kaipbv el (j)6ey^aio, ttoWcHiv Trdpara crvvTuvvcrais 
iv ^pa)(f7, peicov enerai pap.os dvdpa)TT(ov. dno yap Kupos 

ulavijs Ta)(eias ekniBas' 
d(TT(av 8' (ZKoa Kpv(f)t.ou dvpLop liapvvd, /xdXicrr' iaXoiaiv eV 

dXX* opus, KpeaaciV yap oiKTippov (pdovos, 85 

p-q TvapUi KoXd. vi>pa BiKaia TTTjbaXno arparov' dil^euSei 8e 

TTpos uKpovi ;(dXKeve yXuiaaav. 

sach as the monster .whom you see vomiting flames above 

PINDAR. 227 

€1 Tt KCLi (f)Kavpov irapaiduacrei, ntya rot. (peperai 
Trap aiOev. irokXav Tap-'uis earcn' ttoWoi fidprvpei dp-Cpo- 

TtpoLs TnaroL 
evavBii 8' iv opya nappevuiv, 
e'lTTep Ti (pike'is aKoav ddelav aul kKveiv, p.rj Kajive Xiuv 

8aij-dvaL<:' 90 

e^iei. S' dcnrep Kvfitpvdras dpfjp 
ItTTLOv dvtpoeu. pi] 8oXa)6j]i, a> (plXos, flrpairiXois KepBecrcr ' 

oniQopL^poTov uv)(r]pa 86^as 
oiov aTroi)(op.euuiv uvbpwv Siairav pawn, 
Kai Xoyi'oiff Koi dotSoif. ov (pOtvei Kpoiaov (}ii\u<Pp(i}V dptrd. 
Tnv 8e Tavpd) xoXKea KavTrjpa vrfkea voov 95 

fX^P^ ^dXapiv Kare^fi iravTO. (j^uTis, 
ov8e p,iv (f)6ppLyye9 V7rap6(f)iai Koivenviav 
paXdaKciv ivalbcou ddpoiai deKovrai. 
TO 8e Tradelv (v npuiTOv deBXcov' eit 8 aKOveiv 8evTfpa 

poip' dpcpoTfpoiai 8 dvfjp 
o? av eyKvpar] koi (Xj], arecpavop vyp-icrrov 8e8fKTai. 100 

[Pyth. I.] 

T/ie glojy of a man is better than his wealth. His day 
passes away quickly, though bright and calm wlien the day- 
spring from Zeus visits him. 

O 8k KoXdv Tt viov Xa-)(ji:>v 
a^poTaros em pieydXas 
6^ iXni8os neTarat. 

you from his prison in Aetna near this new city of Hiero. 
Therefore let Hiero, the noble and the strong, unlike him, 
learn from music to order the pride of his power. 


228 PINDAR. 

vnoTTTfpois avopeais, ixcov 

Kpiaaova ttKqvtov fifpifj-vav. iv S" oXlyco ^poroiv j; 

TO TfpTTVov uv^(TM' ovTO) 8e KOI iviTVf'i )(afiai, 
dnorponoi yvutpa crecreicrpivov. 

fTTlipepOL' Tl Sf TIS ' Tl 8' OV TIS ', (TKIUS ovap 

nvOpuTTDS. aW orav a'lyka di6(T8oTos eXSp, 
^apnpov (jieyyos enfCTTiv avSpuv Koi pfi\i)(os alwv. lo 

[Pyth. VIII. 88-97.] 


Apollo attd Cyrene. 

'O 8e Tov evaikevov 
dpfyj/aro nalda Kvpavav' d p,iv ov6 Icttcov TTa\ip^ap,ovs 

€(j)i\acrev 68ovs, 
ovT€ he'iTTvav oiKopiav /xe^' eraipav rfp^l^ia^, 
dXK' uKovTeaaiv re ;^aXK€oir 

(f)a(Tydvco Tf p.apvapeva Kepui^fu dyplovs 5 

Bripas, T] TToWdv re Koi uav)(iov 
(^ov(t\v flpdvav TTapi)(oi(Ta naTpcoan, ruv St avyitoiTOV 

Travpov errl yXfCpdpois 
vnvov dvoKlcTKoiara peirovTa rrpos aw. 

/ci'p^e viv XeovTi ttot fiipvcfiapeTpas 10 

Oi3pipoi povpau nakaioicrav 
iirep iy)(i(x)V eKuepyoi AttoXXcoi'. 
avTLKa 8' fK peyupiov Xeipoiva npoaiVPerTe (puiua. 
2ep,uou uuTpuv, 'l^iXvpi8a, TrpoXmcjv 6vpoi/ yvvaiKus Kal 

fieyuXav livvaaiv 

PINDAR. 229 

Savfiarrov, oiov arop/3et ve'iKos uyei Ke(pn\q, fi6)(6ov Kad- 
vnepde veavis 1 e, 

T^Top e)(oi(Ta' (pv^co 5 ov Kf)(fifiai>Tai (f)pev{s' 
Tis viv av6pa)Tva>v TeKev ; TTolas S' imocmau'de'iaa <^ijrX«f 

opea>v KevOpo^vas e;^et (TKioevrav, 
yeverai 8' d\Kas dirfipdvTov ', 

6(Tia kXvtov x^P°- o' ivpotrfveyKfiv, 20 

rj pa Kai €K Xe;^€coi' Ke'ipai pe\ir]8eu noiav ; 
rov be KevTavpos C^ipevrji, dyava ;^Xap6:/ yeXdaaais 6(f)pvt, 

pt]Tiv edv 
fv6vs apei^ero' KpvTTTai KXai8(s: euTi ao(f)ds Hfidovs 

iepdv (piXordrav^ 
^o7^€, Ken €U re deo'is tovto Kavdpwrvois Ojuoi? 
aioe'ovT , dpcpavbov cibeins rv^^eiv ronpcciTov evvds. 21: 

Kai yap ere, top ov depiTou yj/evbei diyelu, 
erpmre pei\i)^os opya napcpdpev tovtov \6yov. Kovpas S", 

oTTodev, •yei/etii' 
e^epcoras, w ciua ; Kvpiov bs navTotv reXos 
olvda Koi Tratra? Ke\ev6ovs' 

ocraa re ^^iuv rjpiva (f)vXX' dvairepiivei, x.^7r6a-at 30 

eV daXdaara koi Tiorapols yj/dpudoi 
Kvpaaiv pLTTois r dvepccv icKoveovTai, )(^uTi peXXei, ^(a- 

earaeTai, ev Kadopas. 
ei 8e xpr] koi nap' (ro(f)ov dvTKpepi^ai, 

epeu)' TavTOL ttuctis iKeo (3da-aav jz 

rdvdi, KOI ^e'AXfij vnep ttovtov 
Aios e^o^ov 7707-1 KatTov eveiKai' 
ev6a viv dpxeTTokw Brjaeis, eVl Xaov dyeipais 

z:-,o PINDAR. 

va(na>Tav o)(6ov is afxcfiinftov' vvv d fvpvXeificov iroTvid 

(Toi At/3i'« 
be^fTai evKkta vvfjL(pav Stofxacnv ev )(pvfT€ois 7Tp6(f)podV' Iva 

ol )(6ov6s alaav 40 

avTiKa o-vvTeKfdfLV evvojiov 8a>pr]<T(Tai, 
ovTf irayKapntov (pvTuv vqnoivov, ovt dyvcoTa 6rjpQ)v, 

t66i TralSa Te^erai, uv kKvtos 'Eppas 
(vBpovois Qpaiai Koi r«ia 

ave\(ov (j)iXas inro parepos o'lcrei' 45 

Tai 8 (TTiyovviSiov darjaapfvin ^pe(f)oi avTas, 
vfKTop (V ;^eiXefr(n Koi apfipoiriav (TTd^oicri, drjcrovTai re 

viv dOdvaTov 
Zrfva Kol ayvov 'AttoXXcoj'', dvhpdai ;^«p/i,a (piKois, 'tyX'" 

(TTOV OTrdova pijXcov, 
'Ay pea Koi Nopiov, Toils S' 'ApicTTotou KaXelv. 
2)f up fiTTtov evTvev Tep-nvav ydpov Kpaiveiv reXevrdv. 50 

[Pyth. IX. 31-116.] 

Gods and men. 

Ev dv8pa)V, ev 0eo)v yevos' fK pias Se irveopev 

parpos dp(f)6Tepoi' dieipyei 8e nuaa KeKpipeva 

hvvapis, ois TO peu ovBev, o 6e ^dXKfos da(paKes olev e8os 

pevei oi'pavos. aXXn tl Trpoacpepopev (pnav 1] peynv 

vonv tJtoi (pviTiv ddavdrois, 5 

Kainep e(f)apepiau ovk elbores ov8e pern vvktos appi noTpos 

oiav Tie' eypa'^j/e hpapelv ttotX crTdOpnv. 

[Nem. VI. 1-7.] 

PINDAR. 231 

The bliss of life. 
Alio Be TOi fcoas aarov fiovva TTOifiaivovTi top iikTivKTTOv 
evavdfl crvv ok^co, 
ei Tis fv Tracr^j^coj' Xoyot ecrXov UKOvarj. 
fxf) fxaTevf Zevs yeveadai' tvuvt ex*'^> 
fi (re TOVTcov fioip e(j)iKoiTO KoXiov, 

Qvara dvarolai Trpinei. 5 

llsth.V. 12-16.] 

A song in honour of Dionysus. 

"IhiT iv )(op6v, 'OXvpnioc, 

eVt re kXvtqv wepTrere X^P'-^i 6(o\, 

TToXi/jSaTOV 0I T aareos opfPaXov drofvra 

(V Tois lepals 'Addvan 

ol^Vf^Te 7ravBai8a\6v r fVKke aynpav. 5 

loSeTCOV Xd^€T€ (TTfCfidvodV 

Tap eapLdpeTTTcov Xoi^au, AioOev re pa crvv dyXaa 

(Sere nopevBeuT doi8d. devrepov 

eVi KiacroSeTav 0e6v, 

Tov Bpopiov Epi^oav re ^porol KaXfopev. 10 

yovov {iTrarcov piv Ttarepajv pfXirepsv 

yvvaiKOiv t( Kadpeidv epoXov. 

ev 'Apyei'a Ne^e'a pavrtv ov Xavddvet 

(boiviKos tpvos, OTTOT olxBevTos 'Q.pdv OaXdpov 

evoBpov enataxnv eap (j>VTa vtKTapfa. i 5 

Tore ^dXXerai, 

-'32 PINDAR. 

t6t en ufi^porav ^^paov iparai 
i(av cf>6,3ai, p68a re Kofiaiai piyvvrai, 
a)(f1 T 6jji<pa\ ptKeajv avv avkois, 



j4n eclipse. 

'Akt(? 'AeXi'ov, Ti TToKvcTKon ifiTjaao docov fiarep o/jLfxdrav ; 

aarpov vntpTciTov iv afiipa KXeiTTopevov' 

fdrjKas apa)(avnv laxiiv noravav dvBpucri Koi (ro(jiias 686v, 

(Trel aKoTDv 
arpaiTov eacrvpeva 

fXavveis ti veoirepov */ Trdpos. 5 

dXXn ere Trpos Ams, iTnToaoa, <j iKeTevoo, 
aTTTjpov^^s oXjiov Tiva rpdnois Qtj^ais, w iroTVia, ndyKOivov 

TTciXepov 6' tl anpa (f)(pfis rtvos, fj Kapnov (f)di(Tiv, r; vi(f)€Tov 

(rdfvos vne p(f)aTov, 
T) ardcnv ovKopevaVj 

^ iTovTov Kfvf'jjcnv dva irihov, lo 

f) Trayerbv x^^vos, r] vdriov 6epos vbari foKoVw 8ifpov, 
ij ytiiav KaraKXiiaaian Brjcrtis dvhpSiv veov i^ ap)((is yevos, 
dXo'jivpopai ovSei' o ti ndpTwv peTa rreicropai, 


PINDAR. 233 



Toi(Tt XcifiTTd jiev iJLfvos ueXiov rav ivOabe vvKTn Kara. 

(poiviKopoSois S' eVi \fifia>ve(r(Ti TrpodcrTcov avrav 

Koi Xt/Sat/o) (TKiapov Ka\ xpvfreois Kapno'is ^€J3pi66s. 

Km TOL pev iTTTToiv yvfivacrlois re, toI 5e necrcrois, 

Tot 6e (})opplyyea(Ti repnovTai, Trapa be a-cfiKnv evavdfjs 

anas reBaXeu oX/3o?' t 

obpa 8 iparov Kara ^wpov Kibvarai 
ai€i 6va piyvvuTav trvpX TrjXfC^avel Travrola Biav eVi 

I3copo7s. — 

* * * 

ev6ev Tov aireipov epevyoirrai ctkotov 
^Xrjxpol 8vo(Pfpas vvktos TvorapoL 


Life in death. 

0\^ia 8 dnavTfs atcra \v(riTrovov rfXfurai/. 
Kai acopa pev Travrmv inerai Oavdroi nepiadevfl, 
^a>6v 8 €Ti XeiTrerai alcovos etScaXoc' to yap ecm povov 
iK 6fcoV (v8ei 8e TvpaaadvTuiv peXecov, drup ivbovTeaaiv ev 

TToXXoTy ovelpois 
8eiKVv(Ti Tfpin'mv effitpiroiaav )(aXen(hv re Kpiuiu. = 

234 E VENUS. 

The souls of the Purified. 

Oim fie <Pepae^6va Ttoivav iroKaLov Trevdfos 

Be^erai, es tov vKepdev akiov Kfivoiv ivara eVei 

di'StSoi \j/v)(as TidXiv, 

fK TCLv ^a(Ti\i]€S clyavol koi adevti KpamvoL cro(pia re 

uv8pet av^ovT' is Se tov Xotnov xpovov Tjptoff ayvo\ jrpos 

avdpanaiv KaXevvTai. 5 

[Fragm. Dirges.] 


E V e7itc s. 

On a swallow -vith a grasshopper. 

'Ar^l Kopa, peXidpeTTTe, XciXos \d\ov dpTrd^aaa, 
TiTTiya TTTUvois taira (f)€p€is reKecriv, 

Tuv XdXov d XaXoeaau, tov evnTepov a nrfpoearra 
TOV ^evov a ^eiva, tov depivov Qepivd. 

Kol)^L Taxos piyj/fis ; oii yap 6fpit ovbe dUaiov 
(iXXvad vpvoirdXovs vfivonoXois crTOfiaaiv. 




A prayer- to the Fates. 
KXco^w A«;^ecr£S r tvcoXevoi 


i.xj)(Ofxevu>v inaKOvaar , ovpaviai )(66vial re 

ba'iixovei o) iravhdjxavToi' 

TTe/XTTcre S (ififiiv poSoKoXTrov 5 

'E.vvojj.iav \mapo6p6- 

vo\)<: T d8(\(pas, AUav 

Koi (TT€(f)avT](p6pov "Elpavav' 

TToXiv re rdvde ^apvcppouau 

\eXu6oiT€ (JvvTV)^ia.v. 10 



Ov xP^f^os dyXaoi anaviaiTaTOs iv 6va- 

rav dvaeXniaro) ^im, ov8 aSupai, 

ovS' dpyvpov kX'ivcu ivpos avOpoo- 

nov 8oKipa^6[Jifv dcrTpdnTei irpos o'^eis, 

ovde yaias evpvrreSov yovipoi lipL- 5 

6ovTfs avrdpKfis yvai, 
ws dyado)v dpSpwf 6po(^pdhp.u>v votjctis. 


Fellowship . 

"Evv fjLOi TTive, (TVvrjlSa, 
crvvepa, crvaTf(Pavrj(f)6p(i, 
<Tvv fioi iiaivofiivo) fxaivei, 
crv<r(Ta>(f>povr]aco crco^poi/i. 

A r iphro n. 


'YyUia, TTpfa^ia-ra paKapav, 

pLera. aev vaioipi to XnTTopevov 

floras, ari) Be pni 7rpo(})p(ov arvvoiKos fit]i' 

fl yap Ti? fj ttXovtov X"P'f *1 Tfneav 

^ rds Icrobalpovos avBpay- 5 

TTOiy ^a(Ti\r]i8os apx^s, 
T] TTodoav ovs eV Kpv(f>i(Hi 'A^poStrnj 
fpKf(Tiv drjpevopfv, 
T) ei ri9 (iKKa dtoOtv dvdpwnnLat rtpyp-i^ 

rj novoiv afj.nvoa nfffiavTai, 10 

pLfTa CTfio, puKciip 'Yyifia, 
redaXf Koi Xa/iTret XapiTOiv eapi, 
<T(6fv be x^p"^! ovTis (vbaifjLOiV ecffv. 





'AptTci, TToXvuoxde yevet ^poreia, 
drjjxifia koXXkttov /3t<», 
aas 7r//ji, irapdeve, pop'^as 
Kol davelv faXcoros ev 'EXXaSt irorpos - 
Kai novovs TXrjvai paXepovs (iKcipavras' 5 

To'iov (TTfl (ppeva /3dXXetf 

Kap-Kov T adavarov ;^pi'croO rf Kpeiaao) 

Kui yovecov paXaKavyrjToio 6^ vttvov' 

<rfv 8 evex "lik Alos 'HpaKkeTjs Arjdas re Kovpoi 

TToXX dferXaaav i'pyots 10 

crav dypevovres dvvapiv. 
aoi^ de ttoOois 'Ax^iXevs At- 
as T AiSao 86povs rjXBov' 
eras 8' eveKev (piXiov pop- 
(j)ds 'Arapvios ei>Tpu<pos cieXiov yrqpuKrev avydi' 15 
Toiyap dotStju.0? epyois, 
dQavmov re piv av^rjaovcri Moiaai 
Mvapoavvas Bvyarpes, Ai- 
6r ^evlov (Ti^as av^ovaai (f>iXias re yepas /Se/Saioi'. 


OfiOLovs TToiovvTes, KoKXiovi ypcicj}ov(nv. 

Aristotle, Poet. 15. 



Even after Homer, and Archilochus, and Pindar, there was 
something wanting to poetical maturity in Greece. The poetry 
of vivid but unreflecting narrative and the poetry of individual 
passion had been perfected, but it still remained to add to events 
and sentiment the substance of ideas produced by analysis of life 
and its motives, and to recombine the whole into dramatic 
action, framed to exhibit in a subtle form * philosophy teaching 
by example.' 

The elements of that drama which supplied the want can be 
readily traced. Homeric legend provided an inexhaustible variety 
of elevated personages and tragic events. The iambists and 
lyrists had brought language and metre into a shape well 
adapted for simple yet poetical expression of common subjects. 
A mimetic element had been long growing up in the dithyrambic 
and phallic festivities of Dorian Greece, and perhaps still more in 
the recitations of those Homeric rhapsodists, who, as appears 
from the Ion of Plato, must have been in a manner actors as well 
as reciters, embodying in their own persons the characters whose 
deeds they recounted. Lastly, before the time of Aeschylus 
Ionian philosophy had arisen in Greece with its free, subtle and 
profound speculations on nature, on causes and on thought. 
But the stages of advance in the combination of these elements 
into a harmonious form of composition are very obscure. 
Aristotle tells us merely that tragedy originated with the sallies 
of the leaders of dithyrambs, and comedy with those of the 
phallic dancers ; that Aeschylus added a second personage or 



actor, and subordinated the choric to the iambic or conversa- 
tional part ; and that Sophocles introduced a third actor and 
painted scenery. But whatever was the order of the improve- 
ments, all of them were made by Athenian poets. The period of 
the glory of the drama extends from about 480 to about 300 B. c. ; 
for the first sixty of which years tragedy held the first place, for 
the rest comedy. In both, Athens which had hardly appeared in 
the first two periods, stood not merely first, but alone. 

Throughout the tragic period new plays were perpetually 
exhibited at Athens from year to year in unceasing succession and 
ever new variety. At every exhibition each contending poet 
brought into the field at least three new tragedies, followed by 
a satyric play (the link between the dithyrambs of the preceding 
and the comedies of the following age) : and the same poets 
contended generally every other, sometimes every, year. Aeschylus 
is said to have produced seventy tragedies, besides satyric after- 
pieces, Sophocles and Euripides a hundred and thirteen and 
ninety-two plays, respectively ; and there were many other poets, 
in some cases equally or even more fertile, and who, though 
agreed to have been on the whole inferior to the three, were not 
seldom victorious over them on particular occasions. Of all 
these there remain to us only seven plays of Aeschylus, seven 
of Sophocles, and nineteen of Euripides : but of this number 
several are acknowledged master-pieces, and collectively they 
enable us to trace the course of the successive changes of spirit 
and form in which tragedy reflected the changes of philosophy 
and society. ' Though the subjects (says Mr. Grote ^), persons, 
and events of tragedy always continued to be borrowed from the 
legendary world, and were thus kept above the level of con- 
temporaneous life — yet the dramatic manner of handling them is 
sensibly modified, even in Sophokles as compared with Aeschylus — 
and still more in Euripides, by the atmosphere of democracy, 
political and judicial contention, and philosophy, encompassing 
and acting on the poet. 

' History of Greece, vii. p. 441. 


'In Aeschylus, the ideality belongs to the handling not less 
than to the subjects : the passions apj^ealed to are the masculine 
and violent, to the exclusion of Aphrodite and her inspirations : 
the figures are vast and majestic, but exhibited only in half-light 
and in shadowy outline : the speech is replete with bold metaphor 
and abrupt transition, — " grandiloquent even to a fault " (as Quin- 
tilian remarks), and often approaching nearer to Oriental vague- 
ness than to Grecian perspicuity. In Sophokles there is evidently 
a closer approach to reality and common life : the range of 
emotions is more varied, the figures are more distinctly seen, and 
the action more fully and conspicuously worked out. Not only 
we have a more elaborate dramatic structure, but a more 
expanded dialogue, and a comparative simplicity of speech like 
that of living Greeks : and we find too a certain admixture 
of rhetorical declamation, amidst the greatest poetical beauty 
which the Grecian drama ever attained. But when we advance 
to Euripides, this rhetorical element becomes still more pro- 
minent and developed. The ultra-natural sublimity of the 
legendary characters disappears : love and compassion are in- 
voked to a degree which Aeschylus would have deemed incon- 
sistent with the dignity of the heroic person : moreover, there 
are appeals to the reason, and argumentative controversies, which 
that grandiloquent poet would have despised as petty and forensic 
cavils. And — what was worse still, judging from the Aeschylean 
point of view — there was a certain novelty of speculation, an 
intimation of doubt on reigning opinions, and an air of scientific 
refinement, often spoiling the poetical effect.' 

After Euripides there is no doubt that tragedy declined, 
lophon the son of Sophocles was alone regarded by Aristophanes 
as a possible successor to the tragic throne, and the Frogs 
represents the descent of Dionysus to Hades in quest of his 
lost Euripides, whose place there was none left on earth to 

Comedy, Aristotle says, is even more obscure in its origin than 
tragedy. It was long of l^ss account, and could not claim that 
public patronage which enabled the tragic poets to command 

R 2 


every requisite accompaniment of music and dancing and scenery 
at the cost of the wealthiest citizens, rivals in the splendour 
of those appointments which in a wealthy but republican city 
were the chief opportunities for public display of riches and 
magnificence. At first, adhering closely to the traditions of 
its origin, it seems to have been a mere apotheosis of slander, and 
of the poets of this stage not enough remains to show whether 
their scurrility was set off by poetical merit. In Aristophanes, 
the Archilochus of the drama, it appears perfected in form : it has 
already lost much of its coarseness : and (if Aristophanes speaks 
truly of his predecessors) it has gained proportionately in wit. 
After him, it gradually became less and less bold, and losing 
at once much of its poetry with tlie loss of the chorus, and much 
of its freedom and range with the substitution of conventional for 
real characters, declined into the more prosaic comedy of manners. 
Yet for a time the decline was merely comparative. The question 
of the Alexandrian Aristophanes, 'O Menander, O life, of you 
two which was the plagiarist ? ' seems to be justified by the few 
fragments which remain, and by what is preserved in the ad- 
aptations of Plautus and Terence. The fragments of Alexis are 
even more remarkable than those of Menander, and in both 
humour is mingled with an elevation of thought which is perhaps 
less apparent in Aristophanes. 

Throughout the great age of tragedy the poets were more than 
ever the instructors of Greece. It was not only that in conjunction 
with the Sophists and the dicasteries they both filtered and 
enriched the language for the use of Plato and Aristotle, but they 
were a perpetual education in taste, and the medium through 
which the spirit and some of the results of the newly bom 
political and ethical philosophy were adapted to the com- 
prehension and diffused over the mass of the people. This was 
much less the case with comedy. Already in the time of 
Aristophanes the function of instructors had been transferred 
partly to the historians and orators, partly to the philosophers; 
and philosophy and oratory thencefoward attracted all the most 
powerful minds, and imparted to prose the art and poetical feel- 


ing which had formerly found no exercise or expression but in 

There are two principal differences between our drama and that 
of Greece. Firstly, notwithstanding its name, Greek dramatic 
poetry had little to do with represented action. From the time 
of its origin in the monologue of the leader of a dithyrambic 
chorus, who expressed by his gestures the passion of the god. 
arising out of the adventures recited, but not the adventures 
themselves, it continued to address itself not to the represen- 
tation of actions, which it sometimes recites, sometimes merely 
presumes, but to the presentation of a passion or effect of the 
events or actions on character, especially on the character of the 
one person who is the protagonist of the play, and permitted 
itself no more of action and incident than sufficed to introduce 
the expression of that mental movement. The rule of Horace 
that Medea must not kill her children or Atreus dress human 
flesh or Procne or Cadmus undergo transformation on the stage, 
is only a particular instance of a much more general principle of 
Greek dramatic art. 

Secondly, action was the less necessary because the interest of 
the play was not that of the evolution of a new plot, but that of 
the good treatment of an old one. There are very few excep- 
tions to the rule that the subjects (in the case of tragedy) were 
familiar legends taken from the well-known heroic past, and those 
exceptions were regarded as singular by the Greeks themselves. 
Two plays of Phrynichus, the Taking of Miletus and the 
Phoenissae, and the Persians of Aeschylus, are the only known 
instances in the older tragedy. Early in the fourth century B.C., 
Agathon produced a piece called the ' Flower,' the plot and the 
characters of which were of his own invention, and which was 
thought remarkable on this account even by Aristotle, writing 
near the close of the fourth century B.C. It seems as if the 
Greeks preferred subjects already familiar, and cast by long 
tradition into an artistic form. They allowed and liked such 
variations as those which the same legend shows in the different 
treatment of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides ; but they must 


be no more than variations on the old and familiar air and not 
new and strange inventions. 

With such traditional plots and characters but little represen- 
tation of action was necessary for the effect at which the Greek 
tragedians aimed, and that little was made as formal as possible. 
There were numerous conventionalities and technical rules which 
were perfectly understood by the bulk of the spectators, and 
which at once led their minds to understand or even anticipate 
the poet's meaning and purpose. Not only they knew the 
sources from which he had taken his plot, and the names and 
bases of his characters ', and had by heart the national epics and 
popular lyrics, reminiscences and even adroitly-inserted quo- 
tations from which were to them a great part of the pleasure of 
the new play : but they were able to recognise from the fixed 
masks of the characters the emotion which was to be dominant 
in them during the scene ; and they were further helped to rise 
to the ideal elevation proper to the subject and the thought by 
the set emphasis, the utterance made sonorous by mechanical 
means, the long brilliant Bacchic robes, raised stature and tragic 
step of the actors. If a player came on at this place and time 
they knew that he was the leading character, and whence he had 

* Cp. Antiphanes, Poesis, Fragm. 191 Kock. 

Ma/ira/)ioi' lariv rj rpayaiSia 
TToirj^a Kani ttclvt', e? ye irpwrov oi Xoyoi 
iinu rwv Oearuiv dfflv (yvoupifTfXfvoi 
irplv Kai 7tv' fineiv dis virofxv^aai fxovov 
Sfi Tijv noirjTTjV OlSinow yap av fiuvov 
<}>u), rdWa ttuvt' 'iaaaiv v varrip Aaioy, 
firjTTjp 'loKaoTTj, Ovyarepfi, TraiSey Tti'es, 
Tt TKiatO^ ovTos, Tt vfnoirjKiv . av ndKiv 
ftTTT] Tiy ^AXK/xaicuva, Kal rci iraiSia 
iravr (iidvs ftprjx', oTt fxavfh aniKTOVtv 
rrjv fxrjTfp', (lyavaKTwv 5' ""AHpaaTOi fu^eous 
f/fei ndXiv t d-nftai, ic.r.X. 

\Vith this Antiphanes contrasts the hard fate of the comic poets 
whohave to make their own names, antecedents, plots, catastrophes 
and situations. 


come; if at another, they were informed accordingly. If a 
messenger came in from one side, an external element was to be 
added to the action ; if on the other, the announcement was to 
be of some passed crisis in the fortunes or of some effect already 
produced on the mind of the character whose sufferings were in 
progress : and at each pause the chorus came forward to explain 
to them the sentiment of the passed scene and to prepare them 
for the next, marking the successive stages by which the final 
climax of passion was being attained. 

A eschy lus. 


'Ettci 8e (jieyyoi T]\iov KaTe(fjdiTO 

Koi vv^ fTTjjei, TTas dinjp Kanrjs uva^ 

(S vavv i)(a)pfi jras ff onXaiv eTrttrTarr;?' 

rails 8e ra^iv irapiKoKei veas fioKpas' 

irXeovai S' cos eKaaros rjv Tfraypevos, 5 

Koi wavvuxot Sjj bidirKoov KaBldracruv 

vacbv auanTfS Travra vavriKov \eu>v. 

Ka\ i/i'l ex'^P^^t '^°^ M'*^' 'EXXrjvcau arparos 

Kpv(f)a'iov eKTrXovv oidnprj KadlcrraTo' 

iird ye p-evroi XevKOTrcoXoy rjpepa 10 

Trdcrav Karetrx^ yaiav ev(^(yyr]s tSetc, 

TTpaiTOV pev Tjxfj KeXabos 'EWi']vcov napa 

poXTTTjdov rjv:pr]prj(Tfv, opdiov S apa 

dcT7;XdXa|e vrjariaTiSos irerpas 

Tixoi' (jiof^os Se nuai fiapfidpois TvaprjV 15 

yvcoprjs uTT(i(T(l)a\(1<TLV. ov yap coy (jivyrj 

Traidv fCpipvovv (Tfpvuv "EWrjvfs Tore, 

dXX' €S pux^^ 6ppo}VT(s fl^^vxco dpdaei. 

adXmyi 5* avrfj irdvr (Kt'iu (7T((})'K(yev' 

fvBvs 8e KODTrrjs podidBos ^wtp^oKji 20 


fTTaiaav a\[ii)V f^pvxiov « KiKevcrnaTOi, 

Booii 6e TvavTfS rjaav tK(f)ave'is tSfii/' 

TO 8e^i6v ^(v npcoTov (VTaKTcai Kepas 

rjyelTO Kocrfxco, 8evTepov S 6 Tray (TtoXos 

€7re^f;^a)pet, Koi Traprjv 6p.ov KKveiu 25 

ttoKXtiv ^orjv, 2) TraTSes 'E'KXijvav 'Ire, 

iXevdepovre TrarpiS", eXevdtpoine de 

TToibas, yvvaiKas, dfwu re Trarpaav f8r], 

BrjKas re Tvpoyovav' vvv vnep TraiToiv ayaiv. 

Koi firjv nap' rjpwv Uepai^oi yXaxrcrrjs poBos 3^ 

iTrrjvria^f, kovk. eV t]V fMeWfiv aKfxrj. 

ev6vs 8e vavs if vqi -^aXK-qpri crroKov 

eTraurev' ^p^e 8' t/xjSoX^s 'EXXrjviKrj 

vavs, KaTToGpavfi irdvTa ^oiviaat]! veas 

KOpvp,^', eV aWrjv S' aWos idvvfu 86pv. 35 

TO. TTOcora fiev 8r] peC/xa HepcriKov tTTparov 

dvTf^xfV 0)9 Se irKrjdos (v crreva vemv 

jjdpoKTT , dpcoyrj 6' ovtis dXkrjXoii naprjv, 

avToX S' v(/)' aiiTcov f|i/3oXots x^XKoarofjiois 

iralovT, fdpavov Tvavra KoonrjpT] ctoXop, 40 

'EXXrjviKai Tf vijes oiic dtppaapLovuis 

kvkXw Tvepi^ Wfivov, vTTTiovTo 8e 

(TKcK^r) veS}V, 6dXaa-(Ta 8' ovk er rjv IBuv, 

vavay'iav TrXr^Qavaa <a\ (povov ^porCou' 

aKToi 8e vtKpav xoipdSfs t iirXrjdvov' 45 

(f)vyji 8' aKoapu) ndcra vavs r]pe(T(TfTO, 

ocrainep rjaav jSap^dpov a-Tpanvp-aTOS' 

Tol S' wcrre Bvvvovs r'j riv l-)(6vu>v ^oXov 

dyatcri KcoTrav dpavaiiaaiv r epdnicov 


fTTaiov, eppd)(t^nv, olixmyrj 8' oyiOv k^q 

KcoKVfiaaiv Kare'i^,^ TreXayiav a\a, 

€U)S KeXaivrjs vvktos cI/x/x' n(^6tXfro. 

KaK(ov 0€ nKjjoos, ovo av ei OfK rffiara 

OTOi^tjyopoirju, oi/K av f KiTkTjcrcniJ.L aoi. 

ev yap too itrai, p.r}oap. T]p.€pa pia c^c 

irKrjOos ToaovTapidpQV uvdpancov Bavflv. 

[Persians, 377-432.] 


The shade of Darius charges Atossa to warn Xerxes that his 
pride is his rttin. 

Darius. AXX ovh 6 peivas vvv iv 'EXXaSoy Tonois 
orpaTos Kvp^aei voaripov cruiTrjpias. 

Chorus. TTw? eiVny ; ov yap nav (TTpdrevpa jSapjSdpcov 
TTfpa TOP "EXXr;? TTopdpbv 'E.vpu>Trr)s cino ' 

Darius. Travpol ye ttoXXwi', el ti TTiaTfvaai 6fa>v 5 

Xpr] 6f(T(f)dT0i(nv, is TO vvv imrpaypiva 
(BXtyj/avTa' avp^aivei yap ov to. pev, to S' ov. 
Kf'nrep Td8 eaT), ttXtjOos eKKpirov CTTparov 
Xfinei Kivaio'iv fXniaiv TTcneicrpivos. 
pipvovai 8' tvda irfhiov 'Aaanos pools 10 

apBei, (f)iXov TTiacrpa BoiaiTaiv )(6ov'i.' 
ov a<piv KOKibv v^KTT (TTappevei, nadelv, 
v/3/jfcor aTTOiua Kudiav (f)povT]pdT(ov' 
01 yrjv poXovTts EXXaS ov BtciiV f^pert] 
fjSoiivro avXdv ov8e mpTrpdvai veu>s' jc 

^copol S aicTTOt., daipdvuv ff 'i8pvpaTa 
npoppi^a (pvpdrjv f^avtcTTpanTai ^dSpav, 


Toiyap KaKas Bpciaavres ovk eXaTcrova 

77dcr)(ovcn, ra fie /xeAXoucrt, Kov8eno) kokuv 

KpTjnls vweaTtv, aXX' er eKTriduerai. 20 

Toaos yap earai TreXavos aip-arocrTayrfs 

irpos yfj UXaraiav Aco/Jt'Soj Xoy^rjs vtto' 

dives veKpajv fie Koi rpiToanopco yovrj 

a^wj/a arjpavoxicnv op-fxaaiv ^poTMu 

as ov)( inep(f>(v 6vt}tov ovra xpr] (fipove'tu, 25 

v^pis yap f^avdova eKapnaxre ara^vv 

ivrrjSj odev nayKXavTOV e^apa 6tpos, 

TOiavB opoivres rcofSe TaTrirlpia, 

pepvTjad' 'Adrjva)v 'EXXdfios re, prjbe ns 

iinepcPpovrjcras tov Trapovra 8aip.ova 30 

aXXcop epacrOeis oXfiov fK^erj fityav. 

Zevs TOi KoXacrrfis rayv xnrepKOTVutv ayav 

(ppoirqpdrcov eneariv^ evdvvos fSapvs. 

irpos ravT luiivov (rcocppovelv Ke)(pr]pevov 

TTivvcKer fiXoyoLCTL vovdeTrjpaai, 35 

Xrj^ai deo^XajBovvd' vnepKonoi 6paU€L. 

(TV b\ 0) yepaia prjrep fj Sep^ov (p'^li 

eXdovcT es o'ikovs Kocrpov oaris evTrpejTTjs 

Xa^ovir' vTzavTia^e Traihi. Trarrl yap 

KaKuiv V7T aXyovs XaKibes ap(j)\ acopaTi 40 

aTrjpoppayoiicri TTOiKiXatv fcrdrjpdTcov. 

dXX' avTov tv(pp6va)s crv TTpdvvov Xoyois' 

pdvTjs yap, oi'Sa, (roil kXv(ov dve^frai. 

eyo) d' lirreipi yfjs vtto ^6(^ov kuto). 

[Persians, 796-839.] 




"Ektov "Keyoifi av av8pa aacPpoveoTarov 

oKktjv t (ipKTTOV fidvTiv, Ap.(pidpe<o ^iav, 

'Op.o\a>i(nv 8e irpos TrvXnis rerayntvos 

KUKoio-i ^d^ft TToXXa TuSeoJS ^iav, 

TOP dv8po(p6vTr]v, Tov TToXeo)? rapaKTopa, 5 

p.fyicrTOV "Apyti twv kqkcov 8i8d(JKakov, 

'Kpivvos KXrjTi^pa, TrpocrnoKov (povov, 

KOKOIV r 'A8pd(TT0) Tcov8e ^ovhfVTTjpiov' 

(cai TOV crov avdis Trpoafiopov dSeXt^eor, 

i^vjTTid^atv ovop.a, YloKvve'iKOvs ^lau, 10 

Si'f T fv TeXevTTj Toijvop. ivhaTOVfievos, 

Kokfl.. Xf'yfi Se TovT enos 8ia aTOfia' 

" ^ Toiov i'pynv kol Bfoicrt 7rpoa(piKes 

KoXov t' uKOvcrai kol \4yeiv ptdvartpois, 

ttoKlv TTarpwav Koi deovi rovs eyyej/el? i :; 

TTOpdflv, (TTpdrfvp.' inaKTOv ip^e^'KrjKoTa. 

(irjTpus re TTJjyiji' Tis Karaa^ecrei SiKJ] ; 

TTOTpis T€ yaia arjs vno anovd^^ Sopl 

a\oi(ra ttuis croi ^vp.p.a)(os yevrja-erai ; 

eyorye flip 817 Tij«/Se niava) )(66ua, 20 

fiavTis K(Kfv6(0i TToKfpias vtto ■)(6ov6s. 

fiaxuip.(ff , OVK aTifiov (Xttl^co fiopov, 

Toiaiiff 6 pdvTis dcrniS' (vkvkXou vifioiv 

Trdy)((iXKov Tjv5a' arjpa S ovk eTrrjv kvkXo). 

oil yap doKeiv apKTTOs, dXX' aval BeXd, 25 

^oBilav aXoKU 8ia (fipfvos KapTTovfifvos, 


€^ 7;s TO KeBva ^XacrTavei ^ovXevfiara. 
Toi/ro) (jocf)ovs Tf Kayadovs avTTjperas 
jTffnreiu irraivu). Seivos os Seovs crf^ei. 
Eteocles. (pev tov ^vvaWdcraovTos opvidos ^porois 30 

SiKaiov avhpa roiai Svcrae^ecrrepois. 
(V TTavTi Tvpayei S* tcrff ofJuXias KaKTjs 

KaKlOV OvdiV, KapTTOS OV K0fll(TT€OS. 

aTT]9 (ipovpa Bavarov eKKapni^erai' 

T] yap ^vvea^ae ttXoiov evaf^rjs avrjp 35 

vavraKTi depp.ois Koi navovpyiq rivi 

oXcoXtv dvBpmv crvv QeoTCTvcrTU) yevei, 

fj ^vv noXirais avBpdcnv diKaios U)V 

exdpo^fvois re Koi Beav dp.vT]pocn 

ravTOv Kvpri<Tas eKdiKcos dypfvp-aros, 40 

TtXrjyels deov pacTTiyi nayKoivco '8dfn]. 

ovTos 8' 6 pavTii, vi6i> OiKkeovs Xeya, 

(Ta>(f)poiv 8iKaios dyados tvaf^r/s avrjp, 

piyas TTpiXpqTrjs, dvocr'ioL(Ti avppiyeis 

dpacrvcTTopoiaiP dv8pd(Tiv /3ta (ppevav 45 

reivovcri Tropnrjv, ttju paKpav ttoKiv p.o\(iv, 

Albs diXovTO': ^vyKaQekKvcrOrjiKTai. 

8oK.(Ji> p.iv ovv a(f)e pT]8€ npocr^aktlv TTvkais, 

ovx wf advpov ov8e Xrjparos kukt}, 

d\X' oiSei/ wr cr0e XPU TfKevTfja-ai pd^J], 50 

fl Kapnos fcrrai dtcrcfyaToicri \o^lov. 

(piKel 8e aiyav fj Xeyeiv to. Kciipia. 

opcos 6' eV avra (para Aaadevovs ^iav 

ex&p6^(vov nvXcopov avrtrd^opfv, 

yepovra tov vovVf crdpKa 6' tj^axrav (pipei, 55 


■KoBciiKfs o^fia, X^'^P'^ ^' "'^ fipabvi'trai 
Trap aaiTihos yv'pvcoOiv apnda-ai 86pv. 
6iov Se hapov iiTTiv €VTV\elv ^poTovs, 

[Seven against Thebes, 568-625.] 

T/ie will of Zeus. 

Lio% ipepos ovK tvdrjpaTOs irv^Qr]. 

TTavra toi cf)X(ye6fi 

Kav (TKOTW pfXaiva ^vu tv^o. 

fiepoTTfaai Xaols. 

Trlnrei S aa(pa\es ovS' eVt vara). i, 

Kopv(pa Atos el Kpavdf] npaypa TtXeiuv. 

8avko\ yap irpaTrihav 

SdaKioi re Tflvovcriv Tropoi, 

KariSelv acppaaTOi. 

laTTTei o cXTTtSo)!/ 10 

d(f> vylrnrvpyav TravoiXeis ^pOToiis, 

fiiav h ovTiv l^oTrki^ei, 

Tov tiTTovov haipovlutv' Tjpfvov avQ) (ppovrjpd ncos 

avToBev f^enpa^fu tpTras khpdvutv e<p' liyvUv. 

[Suppliants, 86-101. 1 

Prometheus alone oti the rock calls nature to witness his 
sufferiitgs. The Chorus of the OceaniJes approaches hiiu. 

Prometheus. Q, ^lo'; aWTjp /cat TaxvTTTfpoi nvoai, 

TTorapwi' T€ TTTjyat, irovTiatv re KvpdTav 
dvfjpidpov ytXaapa, nappTJTOp re yrj, 


Kai Tov TTavi)7rTi]v kvkXoi> rfXiov KaXco' 

iSfade fi oia irpos 6tu>v Trucrxoi deos. 5 

bep)(6r]6 oiais alKiaKTiv 

8iaKvai6[ievos tov fivpieTi] 

■^povuv a&Xevau). 

TOiovb' 6 veos rayos naKupcov 

e^evp' eV epol Sea-pLov deiKrj. 10 

(f)ev (f>€v, TO Tvapbv to t inepxop-ivov 

Ttrjp.a (TTevaxo), nrj ttotc pLo^dav 

)(pfj Teppara tmvS" eVtTelAat. 

KaiTOi Ti (j)ripi ; iravTa npov^eni( 

aKeBpcos TCI peXXovT, ov^e p.01 iroTuiviov 15 

TTTjpL ov8iv Jj^et. TTju TrfTrpa)p,evrjv 8e xph 

aicrav (pepeiv cos pacrra, yiyvuxTKovQ otl 

TO TTJs dvdyKTjs ecTT ddrjpiTOV aGivos. 

dXX' ovTe cnydv ovTe prj criydv Tvxas 

olov Te fioi ratrS' ear/. Ovijto'ls yap yepa 20 

TTOpwv dvdyKais Tolab' ivi^ivypai rdXas-' 

vapdr]K07rXi)p(i>Tov 8e Brjpaipai TTvpos 

TTrjyijv KkonaiaVj rj 8i8a(rKa\os TexvT]S 

nd(rr]s ^poro'is Tric^r^ve kol /xeyaj nopoi. 

TOioJj'Se TTOivcis aprrXaKrjpaTcou tivo), 

vnaidpiois Secr/xolcrt jraacraXevTos cov. 

"^ "^ */ -»/ 
a a, ea ea. 


Tis d^c^, Tis 68pd TrpocTiTTTa p. acfjeyyrjs, 

BeocrvTos, fj /Sporeioy, fj K€KpapevT], 

iKeTO Teppoviov enl ndyop 30 

TTOfcov ipcou decopos, tj Ti 8r] deXcov j 

Spare 8ecrp.ooTJ]v p.e hvcrnoTpov 6e6v, 


TOP Albs (\6p6v, Tov Trd(Ti Cfols 
Si aivexBelas i\66vff oTrdcroi 
rr]v Albs avKfiv eiaoixvfiia'iv, 35 

8ia rfjv \iav ^iXorr/ra ^poruv. 
(f)ev <^eO, Tt TTOT av Kivadicrpa kXvoi 
iTt\as oi(x>va3V ] aWijp 8' eXa^paif 
TTTtpvyuiv pnruis vnocrvpi^ti. 
■rrav p.01 ^w^epov to Trporrepnov. 40 

[Prometheus Bound, 88-127,] 


The gifts of Prometheus to man. 

Prometheus. y[.i] toi x^'S^y doKe'iTe prfS" avdaSla 
criyav p.i' crvvvola be hwrrTopai Keap, 
bpSiV ifiavrbv hhe npovcrfXovpevov. 
Ka'iToi Beo'icri rols veois tovtols yepa 
Tis aWos Tj 'yo) Trat/TfXco? bia>pi<T€V j 15 

dXX' avTo. crtyo). Koi yap flBvtaiariv au 
vpiv Xe'yot/it' Tav ^poTo7s be TrrjpaTa 
cLKovcraff, as a(^as vrjTriovs ovtos to npXv 
(vvovs (drjKa Kai (fipevcov eTrrj^oKovs, 
Xe^cD be, (i(p'<^iv oiiTiv dvdpuinois exo>v, 10 

aXX* S)P bebtoK evvoiav e^rjyovpfvos' 
01 TTpSiTa fiev ^XenovTfs (^XfTVOv fiaTrju, 
KXvovTes oiiK fJKOvov, dXX oveiparciv 
okiyKioi popcpaiai tov pnKpbv xpofov 
e(f>vpov eiKfj Travra, kovtc nXivdvcpels 15 

b6povs Tvpoaeikovs Jjcav, ov ^vKovpyiaV 
KaToipv^ts S* evaiov &(tt dfjavpoi 



fivpfirjKfs ciPTpcov iv fivxals dvrjXlois. 

rjv 8 oihev avrois ovre ;^eiyLiaToy reKfiap 

ovT dvdenoiSovs rjpos ovre Kapnipov 20 

Bepovs ^e(3aiou, aXX' arep yvap-qs to ndv 

enpaarcrov, i's re br) <t(})iv dvroXas iya> 

aarpav tbei^a rdi re Bva-Kpirovs Suo-ety. 

Kai prjv apiOpov e^o^ov croCJiicrpdTav 

e^fvpov avTOLs, ypapparav re avvUetTfis. 25 

pvTjprjv ff dndvTcov povcroprjrop' ipydriv. 

Kci^ev^a TrpwTOs ev ^vyolac KViliBaXa 

^evyXaicTt SovXevovra' a-uypaviv B" oncos 

6i>r}T0is peyi<TTav bidboxoi poxdrjpaTcoD 

yevoivd , {j(f)' appar rjyayov cJMXrjviovs 30 

iTTTTovs, ciyaXpa Trjs vnepifkovTov xkibrji. 

vakaa-a-onKayKTa S' ovtis liWos dvr ipov 

ALVonrep eiipe vavTiKcdv d^rjpaTa. 

TOiavra prjxaurjpaT e^evpcov rdXas 

IBporoia-iv. avTos ovk e'xo} a6<piap' otco 35 

Trjs viiv Trapovarjs TTTjpovrjs dnaWayci). 

[Prometheus Bound, 436-471.] 


T/ie Oceanides counsel submission, 
yiffidp o "navra vepav 
Belr epa yva>pa Kparos dvTinakov Zevs, 
prjo eXivva-aipi 6(ovs 6(rtais Bolvais TTonPia-a-opeva 
^ovcpofois, nap' '^Keavov Trarpos aa-^earov nopov, 
prjb dXiToipi Xoyois' c 



SKKa fioi ToS' fftfjiivoi 

KQi fj.r]TTOT tKTaKeir}. 

T]tv TL 6ap<TaKfais 

TOP iiuKpov Tiiveiv ^lov eXiricri, (f>avais 

evfiov aKMvovaav fv ei(ppo(7vvais. (^pi(i(TU> Be ae htpKO- 

pvpLois p.6xdoLs bioKvmopivov =^ '^ • , 
Z^i/a yap ov rpopecov 
avTovco yvuiprj aejBet 
dvarovi ayav, npopr]dev. 

4)ip orras axapis x^P^^, ^ ^'^°^' '*'^^' ""^^ '"'* °^''" ' ^ ■'' 
Ti's eipapepiav apT]^ii ; ovb" iUpx&rjs 

okiyohpavlav ukikvv, 

laoveipop, a to cjioTMP 

ukabv yeVos iy,TT€Tiohi<Tp€Vov ; 

ovnore 6vaTiov rav Aiof dppoviav dvbpav itapi^iaai ^ovXai 20 

eixueop Tube aas irpoaibova oXoas rvxas, Upop-rjeev. 

TO Sia/i^tSiov be p.01 /i«Xos irpoafnTa 

T08' fKe'ivo 6' or dp^). Xovrpa 

Koi \exos orov vpevalovv 

h'naTi yapav, ore tuv opondTpiov ebvois 25 

ayayes 'Haiovav mOiov bdp.apTa KoivoKiKTpov. 

[Prometheus Bound, 528-560.] 

Prometheus defies the power of Zeus. 
Prometheus. 'H pr]V «ti Zevs, Kaiirep aiedbr) (ppovav, 
e(TTM Tuneivos, olov i^apTVtTM 
yupou yapiiv, os avTov eV Tvpavvlhoi 


6p6v(op T uicTTOv eKJSaXfl' Trarpos S' apa 
Kpovov TOT ^8r) TTUfTtKoas Kpai>6r]aeTai, 5 

rjv eKniTvuv rjparo drjvaioiv 6p6vu)V. 
T0iS)v8s fi6)(dav fKTpoTrf]P ovdels dfav 
dvvaiT av avTci Trkrjv ffiov Sfl^ai (Ta(f)a>s. 
cyo) TaS oi8a ;^(u rpoTTo). jrpos tuvto. vvv 
6ap(TU)v Kadrjadco tols ne^apaiois ktvttois 10 
iTiOTos, Ttvi'icracov t iv x^polv "nvpTTVovv jSeXos. 
ovdev yap avTM tovt' enapKeaei to pr) 011 
TTfaelv aripois TrTcupaT ovk di/acr\€Td' 
Tolov irdkaKTTTjV vvv napacTKevd^fTai 
tV avToi avTW, 8vcrpa^u)TaTov repas' 1 5 

OS 8r} Kfpavvov Kpeiartjov fvprjaet i^Xo'ya, 
PpovTijs 6' vnep^aXkovra Kaprepov ktvttoV 
Bdkadd'iav T€ yris TivaKTfipnv vocrov 
TpiaivaVy alxpfjv ttjv Hoafidcovos, (TKebq. 
iTTaiaas 8e rojSe Trpos kqkco padijaeraL :o 

otroi/ TO T apxeiv Ka\ to dovXeveiv 8ixa. 
Chorus. <J^ ^J?" a XP.vffS', tovt iniyXaaaa Sios. 

Prometheus, ofnip TeXelrai, npos 8' a ^ovXopai \eyco. 
Chorus. 'fat TrpoadoKuv xph tfcmoaeiv Aios Tivd ; 

Promethetts. kQI Taude y e^ei SiicrXofptnTepovs ttovovs. 25 
Chorus. TTus 8' ov;(i Top^els Toidb' fKpinTtiv eTrq j 

Prometheus, t'i S av cpo^oiptjv w Bavelv ov popaipov j 
Chorus. aXX* ddXov av aoi rovS' tV dXylo) nopoi. 

Prometheus, o h oiiv TrotetVo)' ttuvtu TrpoaBuKrfrd pot. 
Chorus. 01 TrpocTKVvovvTes ttjv 'A8pd(7Tfiav a-oipoi. 30 

Prometheus, ae^ov Tj-poa-fvxov, 6co7tt€ tov KparovvT dei. 
epol 8* eXaaaov Zrjvos rj pr]8ev peXei. 
S 2 


Bparco, KpnTfiTCO Tovde tuv (ipn^vv ^povov, 

onois deKfi' Sapov yap ovk cip^ei 6eo7s. 

aXX' elaopai yap roj/Se tov Aios rp6)(iv, 35 

Tov TOV rvpavvov tov veov diaKovop' 

navTcos Ti Kaivov dyyeXwi' iXrjkvde. 

Hermes. ere tov aocpiaTrjv, tov jriKpus vTrepniKpov, 
TOV i^apapTovT is 6(0vs f(f)rjpepois 
TTOpovTa Tipas, TOV nvpoi KkeTTTrjv Xeyo)' 40 

7raTr]p iwaye a ovcrTivas Kupne^s ydfjiovs 
avBav, irpos cov t eKe'ivos fKTTinTei KpaTOVs' 
Kal Tairra fxevToi fi-qSev alviKTrjpiois, 
aXX' avff eKacTT eK(Ppa^e' /xTjSe /iiot binXas 
680VS, Upoprjdfv, TTpoafiakrjs' opas S' on 45 
Zfi/j Tols ToiovTois ovxi p.a\6aKl,^€Tai. 

Prometheus. <Ji\Lv6<iTO\ios ye Ka\ (ppovrjuaTos TrXews 
6 fiiiBos eariVj as QfSnv vTrrjpeTov. 
veov veoi KpaTe'iTe Ka\ hoKelre 617 
vaieiv direvBfj TTepyafi' ovk eK TrnvS" eyoj 50 

diacrovs Tvpdvvovs eKneaovTas ^ar6op.T]v ; 
rpiTOv 8e TOV vvv KoipavovvT eTr6i\rofiai 
aia^i-iTTa Koi Ta.)(ia-Ta. fii) ti croi 8okS) 
Tap^elv VTroTTTriacreiv Te tovs veovs Qeovs ', 
TToXXoC ye Koi tov Travros eXXetVco. crv 8e 55 
KeXevdov ^vnep rjXdes eyKovei T>uki.v' 
Trevaei yap ov8ev SiV aviaTopels ep.e. 
Hermes. Toiolcrbe p-evToi Ka\ npiv avOahiap-acTLV 
is Tuahe iravTov nrjpovas KaBapfMicTas. 

Prometheus. TTjs (Ttjs \aTpe'ias ttjv ifJ-fjv 8vairpa^iav, Oo 

(Ta(f)S}s inicTTaa , ovk civ oKka^aip. iyco. 


Kpe'taaov yap oi/iai T?j8f Xarpeveiv mrpa 
fj TTUTpl (j)iivai, Zrjvl tticttov uyyiKov. 
ovTcas i/^pL^eip tovs v^pi^ovras xpeav, — 

Koi firjv epyo) kovk eVt fxvdco 65 

■)(6(iL)V cTfcraXeuTai' 

Sipv)(ia 8 ifx^ TTapajiVKarai 

^povrrjs, eXiKes 8' (KKafiTTOvai 

a-Teponrjs ^dirvpoi, 

arpop^oi de koviv eiXicraovai' 70 

UKipTO. K aviiioiv TTvevpara TrdvTciP 

els aWrjXa 

(rrdaiv avTinvovv aTTodfiKvvpeva' 

^vvTerdpaKTai 8 aldrjp ttovtco. 

TOtao en epoi /aiTTTJ oioOev ye^ 

Tev^ova-a (f)u^ov areixei (pavepcos. 

S> prjTpos ep.7js ae^as, u> ij-dvrav 

aldijp KOLVop (f)dos €(\i(Tcr<ui', 

iaopas p ws eKdiKa 7ra(r;^ca. 

[Prometheus Bound, 907-970 ; 1080-1094.] 


T/ie sacrifice of Iphigenia. 

Zeiis, oaris nor earlu, el rod av- 

Tu> (piXou KeKXtjpevcOj 

TovTo vcv npocrevvenco. 

ovK e\(i) TrpoaeiKacrat, 

Tidvr eTTiaradpupevos, 5 


TrXrjv Albs, et to fidrau ano 0pomSoy a)(^Bos 

\pr] fiakeiv frrjTVficos' 

ov8 ofTTLS ndpoidev rjv peyas, 

7ra[ind\(i> Opdcrei jipvcou, 

QvBev av Xe^ai rrplv cov, lo 

OS o (TTfiT (Cpv, rpta- 

KTtjpos oi)(€Tai Tvxav' 

Zrjva hi Tty 7rpo(j)p6vQ^s imviKia kKu^cov 

Tft'^erai cj)p€i/o)v to ttuv' 

Tov (j)pov€7v 0poTOVS 68a)- 15 

(Tavra, tov Trddei pddos 

6evTa Kvpicos f'x*'"'' 

(TTd^et 8 i'v & V77pa> npo Kaphlas 

p.vqamTjpu>v TTovos' koi nap a- 

Kovras ^Xde (Ta>(f)pove'iv' 20 

8aip.6va>v 8e ttou X^^P'^ 

/States aikyia <Tfp.v6i> rnxivatv. 

Koi TU& rjyepiov 6 it peer - 

fivs veoiv A)(auKa)i>, 

fidvTiv ovTiva ^l^eyMV, 25 

tp.T!aiois Tv)(aiai crvjXTVveoiv. — 

fVT dnkoia Kfvayyel fiapv- 

vnvT Ax^auKos Xewf, 

XoXkiSo? nepav exuiv 

TToKippuOms (V hvKlhos tottois, 30 

The altars are blazing as for a triumph. Bnt there is a 
matter of dark omen for the Atreidae, which may Zeus clear 
away, for there is none else who can (1-22). When the army 
of the Argives was wasting at Aulis and the seer shewed 


•nvoai 8 anb ^Tpv/iovos fjiokovcrai 

KaKocrxoXoi, vfjcrriSfs, bvcropfioi 

^fjormv (ikai, veatv re Koi nfitTfidrcov a^eiOets, 

TTa\ififj.r]Kr] -^povov riBelaai 

rpi^co Kare^aivov avdos 'Apyei'o)!/" 35 

tTrel 8e Koi iriKpov 

^fifiaros aXXo IITjX^P 

^pi6vT€pov irpofiOKTiv 

fidm-is fiiKay^ev 7rpo({)epcov Aprepiv, Sxrre xBova /3a- 

KTpois iiTLKpovfTavTas 'Arpeldas 8dKpv iirj KaTa(T\e1v — 40 

ava^ 8' 6 npea^vs tot elire (puivaV 

" ISapela peu Krjp to prj TTLdeadai, 

^ape'ia 8' , fl tckvov 8ai^(o, 86pa}V ayaXpa, 

ficaivcov 7rap6evocr(f), 

peiOpois iraTpaovs X^P^^ ^(Ofiov ireXas. 45 

Ti Tci)v8' avev KOKav; 

TTwr Xinovavi yevcupai, 

^vppaxMS dpapTav j 

Travcrnvepov yap Ovcrtas Trapdeviov 6 aipaTos op- 

ya Trepiopycos inidvpelv depis. ev yap e'lrj." 50 

eVft 5' dvdyKas f8v XenaSvov 

(ppevos TTveuiv 8vcr(Te^T] Tpoiralav 

avayvov, dvUpov, Todev 

TO iravTOToXpop (ppove'iv penyvca — 

^poTovs 6pa(TvveL yap alaxpdprjTis 55 

there was no other way, the king gave his child to be a 
sacrifice for the ships (23-59). The stern arbiters cared not 
for her youth or her prayers : they bound her like a shegoat 
at the altar (60-77). 


ToKaiva itapaKona 

irpOL>Tonr]ix<j}V — erXa o oiiv 

dvTTjp yfveddai Bvyarpos yvvaiKOTroivu>v ■7Tokfp,(OV dpayav 

Koi nporeKfia vaav' 

Xiras 8e koi K\r]86vas narpciovs 60 

•jrap ovhkv alcova Trapdevfiop t 

edevTO (piKopaxoi ^pa^rjs, 

(fypdaev S' do^ots Trarijp /xer fv^av, 

SiKav xi/J'Oi-pns virepde ^aifJLOv 

7r«VXoi(rt TrepiTrerf], 65 

Trai'Tt dvfia Trpovani] 

Xa^elv depbrjv, (TropiaToi re KaWnrpupov (pvXaKav Karaaxf'if 

<p66yyov dpaiov oiKois 

/3ig ;(aXii/toj' t dvavBa ptevei. 

KpoKOv ^a(pas S' is Tredov x^o^'^o- 7° 

e^akV tKaoTOV dvT7]pcov an op.p.aTOi jSeXei (piXuiKTU), 

TTptTTOvad ff ws iv ypacpais, Trpocrevve'nfiv 

6e\ov<T, end TroWaKLS 

irarpos kqt dvBpavas evrpaTTi^ovs 

tp.i\^ev, ayva 8' dravpoiTOi avha irarpos 75 

(piXov rpiTocnrovdop fVTroTftov t 

alwva (})iXa)s eTifia. 

TO. 8' ev6(V ovT dbov ovr ivviira' 

Ttx^cH' Se KdXxavTos ovk liKpuvroi. 

bUa 8e Tots p.iv Tvn6(>v(Tiv p,a6flv tTTippenei to p.fXXov, So 

TO 8e TTpoKXvdv, eVei yf voir up tjXv(tis, TTpoxaipero)- 

But as the arts of Calchas failed not of fulfilment so neither 
will justice fail, as those who have suffered always know. 
But we will not forecast the evil (78-86). 


UTOV Se TO) 7rpO(TT€VflV. 

Topov yuj) fj^ei avvopOpov avyais, 

TTfXoiTO 6' ovv rdni tovtoktiv evTrpa^is, cos 

6eXei ToS' ayxKTTOV 'Attios 85 

yaias fiovocppovpov epKos. 

[Agamemnon, 160-257.] 


TJie Ne»iesis of Helenas crime. 

AiTTovaa 8' daToicriv aanicTTopas 

kKovovs Xoyxlpovs re Koi uav^dras OTrXia-povs, 

ayovad r dpricpepvou 'iXiw (pdopuf, 

^t^uKe pipcpa 8id nvXav, 

aTXrjTa rXdaa' TroXXa 8 earevop c 

Tob ivvinovTes hoputv irpocprjTcu' 

" to) loi 8copa dapa koi npopoi, 

1(0 Xepfos Koi crri^oi ^iXafoper. 

"udpfCTTt, (Tiyda , aripos, dXoi8opos, 

dbiaros d(f)fpeva)v Idelv. 10 

7t66co 8 vnepTTovTias 

(fidapa fio^et 86pa)v dvdcraeiv. 

eiip6p(}>(ov 8e KoXocraaiv 

fXderai x^P'^ dvBpl, 

oppdrav 8 iv a)(f]viais tppei Trdcr' 'A0poSiVa. jc 

6vfip6(pavTOi 8e TievOripoves 

Trdpeicnv 8oKa.\ ^epovcrai. X^P*-^ paraiav. 

For Helen's fault not Troy alone (1-4) nor only Menelaus 
suffered (5-22). There is no home in Hellas which mourns 
not for a hero lost (22-43). And was the Atreidae's honour 


fidrav yap (vt av ecrdXa tls 8oicav opav, 

TrapaWd^aaa 8ia )((p(iov, 

^e^QKev oyjns ov fj.(6vaTepov 20 

■nrepols oTraSoIs vnvov KeXevdois, 

Tu fiev Kar o'Uovs ecf)' iarrias dxV 

rdS' eoTi Koi rcovb' vnepfiaTaTepa. 

TO irav 8' d^' 'EXXdSos a'ias (Twopfitvois 

TVivOeia T\riaiKap8ios 25 

Sofiojv eKctarov rrpenfi. 

nokXa yovv diyydvd ivpos rjTrap' 

ovs fiev yap ns (Trfp^ev 

oi8ev' dvTi 8e cfiarmv 

Tevxn »«"' (Tirohbs els iKacTTOv 86fj.ovi dipiKvelTai. 30 

6 xP'^^^f^oifioi S' "Aprji a-uip.dTcov 

Ka\ ra'KaPTovxos iv fMaxu Bopos 

Trvpa>6ev (^ iXiou 

(piKoiai TTepTrei fiapv 

•<^r]yp.a hvcrhdKpvTov auT- 35 

Tjvopos (TTToSoO yepLL- 

fcoi/ Xf^TjTUi evOerov. 

arivovcTL 8' fv XeyovTfS avBpa rov ptv cos 

pdxT)i tSpis" TOP 6' eu (j)ovals Kokas Treaovr 

dWorpias 8ial yvvaiKus. rdSe a-'iyd ris ^av- 40 

(d. (j)6ovep6v 8' vn ciXyos epirei TrpobUois ^Arpeibnu. 

ol 8' avTou Trepl T€t;(Of 

dfjKai 'iXtdSoy yds 

evpopcfjoi KaTex'>^'<TiV e'x^pa S' exoira? (Kf.v^ev. 

worth the price (44-45) ? May there be no Nemesis in 
store (45-58; 1 


fiapela 8 diTTaiv (pans ^vv k6t(o' 45 

drjfioKpdvTov 8' dpas Tivei -x^peos. 

lievei 8 aKovaal rl pov 

pepipva vvKTTjpecpes' 

Tatv noXvKToi'cov yap ovK 

aaKonoi deoi' /ceXnt- 50 

val 8 Epivves ;^/joV(» 

TV^Tjpov bvT dvev SIkos TraXivTV^fl 

Tpi^a ^lov TiOeicr dpavpov, iv S' ai- 

OTOis TfXeOovTos ovTCs d^Ku' TO S' vrrepKOTTO)? kKikiv 

fv ^apv' /SdXXerat yap oacrois Aiodep Kfpavvos. 55 

Kp'ivat 8' a(j)dovov ok^ov. 

prjT e'lTjv TiToKinopQrjs 

prjT ovv avTos dXovs vtt aXXwi' ^iov KaTi8oipi. 

[Agamemnon, 404-474.] 

Cassandra's vision. 
Cassandra. Kat pi)v 6 xpf]0'pos ovkst' eK KaXyppdrop 
earat dfdopKcos veoydpov vvp(j))]s dUrjV 
\apTrp6s 8 e'oiKev tjXlov rrpos dvToXus 
irvecov earj^siv, Stare Kvparos SUrjv 
kXv^€Iv npos avyds Tov8e TrrjpaTos ttoXv 5 

pei^ov' (ppevooaco S' ovKiT i^ alvtypdroav. 
Koi papTvpiire (rvu8p6pcos 'ixvos kokcov 
piVTjXaTovat] Toiv TTokm TTCirpaypevav. 
TTjv yap CTTey-qv Tr']v8' ovttot eVXfOTft ;^op6j 
avp(p6oyyoi, OVK ei'^coros" ov yap (v Xeyei, 10 
Kal prjv TTfnaKws y, w? 6pa(rvveadat irXfov, 


PpoTfiov ai[j.a Kcofios ei> Sofiois fievei, 
Suarrf/xTTTO? e^o) crvyyovcciv 'EpLvvcov. 
vfJLVovcri S' vjivQv 8o)fMacnv Trpocr/j/j.ei'at 
Trpoyrapxov arrjv' iv pepfi 5 dneTrrvaav 15 

(was d8e\(f>ov ra TraTOvvTi 8v(rp.€ve1s. 
fjfjLapTov, 1] drjpS) TL ro^6TT]s ris ws J 
T] yj/fv^opavTis elp-i dvpoKovros (f^keScov ; 
eKHapTvpr]<Tov npovpoaas to p elSevai, 
Xoyw naXaias Ta>vb' dpaprias topwv. 20 

Chorus. fat ttws av opKOV n^ypa yevuaicos Trayev 
TrmoiVLOV yevotro • davpd^o) Se ere 
TTOvrov Trepav Tpacpflcruu ukXudpovu ttoXiv 
Kvpdv \iyovaav, uxTTrep d TrapeardTds. 
Cassandra, p-dvris p AttoXXcov rcoS eTrecTTTjaev reXet. 25 
Chorus. P^" 'fo' 0fds irep Ipepca nfTrXrjypepos ', 
Cassandra. irpoTov pev atS&JS rjv epol Xtyav raSe. 
Chorus- a^pvvfrni yap Trds Tis ev npdacrcov nXeov. 
Cassatidra. oiXX' r)v TraXaia-Tfjs, Kapr epol nveav X'^P^"- 
Chorus. ^ 'foi TfKvwv els i'pyov rjXBeTrjv vopa \ 30 

Cassandra, ^vuaivea-aaa Ao^iav (\j/€vadpr]v. 
Chorus. rjbr] rf;(i'atcrti' ivBeois I'lprjpew] * 
Cassatulra. ^'S^ TroXtVais -ndvT edeaTn^ov Trddrj. 
Chortis. TTws hr]T tivaros rjaOa Ao^iov kovw ' 
Cassandra. eirtiQov ov8ev ovBtv, ojy ra'S fjpnXaKOV. 35 

Chorus. Tjp'iv ye p.€V 8r] Tricrra dea-ni^dv 8oKfls. 
Cassandra, lov loii, ii £) koku, 

vn av p€ hfivhs opdopavreias ttovos 

(TTpofiil, Tupdcracov (f)poLpiois ==^ * * * 

opdre ToiKrde tovs 8up.ois e^rjpevovs 40 


viov^i oveipoiv 'r7po(T(Pep€'is iJ.op(f)ct)naai ; 

Trdl8(i 6av6vT(s axnrepei Trpos rav (p'CKaiv, 

Xf'tpas Kpeiov iT^rjdovTes olKfias jSopus, 

<rvv evTfpois re (nrXciyxf , fnoiKTiaTOV yepos, 

TTpfTTOvcr' exovm, S)i> Trarfjp fydaaro, 45 

€K Twi/Se TToivas c})ripi ^ovXevfiP Tiva 

\f0VT "ivciKkiv €V Xe'x^' arpwcpapevou 

olKovpoi/, oipoi, ra pnXovri dfairorrj 

ijxci' (^epfiv yap x,P^ "^^ 8ovXiov ^vy6v. 

veS)v T enapx^os 'iXiou r uvaaTaTrjs 50 

oiiK oidev oia yXaxrara piarjTrjs kvvos 

Xe^aaa, KUKTeivaaa (j)ai8p6vovs, dUqu 

arrjs \a$paiov, Tev^erat KOKfj TV)(r)' 

Toiavra Toikp-a' Brfkvs apcrevos (^ovivs 

ecrriv' ti viv KoXovaa 8v(T(pi\is 8ukos 55 

Tvxoip, uv ' dp(pi(T^aii>au, f; ^KvkXav riva 

oiKovcrav iv TreVpaitrt, vavriXoiv ^Xa^rjv, 

Ovovaav " Ai8ov p-TjTep , u(J7tov86i/ t dpav 

(l)iXois TTveovaav * — ois 8 eTvcoXoXv^aTO 

fj TravTOToXpos, wanep iv p^ax^^ '''P^'^lly 60 

80m Se ;^atpai' vocTTipco auiTrjpiq. 

Koi t5>v8 op.oiov el rt p,rj nddco' ti yap ; 

TO peXXov rj^ei. Ka\ av p. iv TO-Xd napaiv 

ayav aXriBopavTiv oiKTeipas ipels. 

Chorus. TTjU pev QvecrTOv Saira Trai8eia)V Kpecov 65 

^vvrJKa Ka\ TrifjipiKa' Ka\ (fxjjBos /x' e'xei 
K.X110VT aXrjBas ov8ev i^rjKaapeva. 
TO 8 aXX aKovaas iic 8p6p,ov irfcrav Tpixo). 

Cassandra. 'Ayap.ipvov6s ai (})r]p.' iivo-^ea-Bai popov. 


Chorus. fv(f)i]iJ.ov, w niXaiva, KOLjiijaou crrofia, 70 

Cassandra. (ifOC ovti Ilaioiv twS' eTrKTrartl Xdyw. 

Chorus- ovK, e'lirep ea-rai y' dXXa jir) yivoiTo ttw?. 

Cassandra. <^v M^" Kafevxei, rois 6' anoKTeiveiv /le'Xet. 

Chorus. Tivoi irpos dv8p6s tovt axos TTopavverai ; 

Cassandra.^ Kiipr ap' av TrapecrKonfis ;^p7;o'/xa)i/ €p.5}v. 75 

Chorus. ToO yap r^ovvros ou ^vvrJKa prj^avrji/. 

Cassandra. kol prjv ivyav y EXXt^i/ li^'iuTapai, (ftdriv. 

Chonis. Kai yap rd irvdoKpavTa' dvapaBij S' vpcos. 

Cassandra. Tvanai, olov to irvp enepxeraL 8e fioi. 

oTOTol, AvK(i ' AttoXXov, 0*1 iyo) eyd). So 

avTTj StTTOus Xeaiva crvyKoipcopevr] 

XnKo), XeovTos evyevovs dirovaiq, 

KTevel fte ttjv rdXaivaii' a>s Se ^uppaKov 

Tfv)(ov(Ta Kapov piaBov iv6i](TeL koto), 

eTrev^fTai dijyovaa ^cort (pdaryavov 85 

epijs aycoyrjs avTiTiaeadai (j)6vov. 

Ti drJT ipavrris KaTayeX(OT €)(a) raSe, 

Ka\ (rKTJTTTpa Ka\ pavTfla irepl deprj <TT€(})rj ; 

ae piv Tvpo poipas rrji eprjs 8ia(p6ep(b. 

LT es (pvopov neaovT , eyw 6 ap e-^opai. yo 

(IXKrjv Tiv (iT-qv dvT epov TrXovTi^ere. 

I80V S" 'AttoWcov airrus eKdvcov epe 

XpiTTTrjpiai' iaOrjT — eTrunrTevcras 8e pe 

Kuv Tolahe KoapoLS KaTuyeKcoptvrjv pfTa 

(fiiXcov, vtt' ix6pa>v — ov Sixoppuncos — pdrr^v. 95 

KoXovpevr] be (jioiTus ws dyvprpia 

TTTwxos ToXaiva XipoOv^s r)Viaxdpr]V. 

Kai vvv 6 pduTis pdvTiv eKnpd^as (pe 


nTTJjyay ey joiacrhi Bavaarifiovs TV)(as. 

^(OfJiOv TTarpcpov 8' avr fTTi^rjvov (jLevei, 100 

Bepfjiw KOTTfiaj] (Poivico TrpocrcJHiyfjLaTi. 

oi) fifjv uTifxoi y in 6eu)V reBvrj^ofiev. 

ij^et yap rjpaiv ciWos aii ripdopos, 

prjTpoKTovov (fiiTvpa, Tfoivdrcop narpos' 

cpvyas 8 d\r}TT)s r^crSe yrjs dno^evos 105 

Kdrfidiv, aras rdaSe 0piyKO3cro)v (filXon' 

a^ei viv vTTTiacrpa Keipevov irarpos. 

Ti drjT iyco KaroiKOs wS' afacrreVco 5 

firel TO TTpwTov eldov 'iXi'ov ttoXiv 

npd^aaav a>s fTrpa^ev, 01 6' ii)(ov ttoKlv ho 

ovTCits dnaWdaaovcriv iv deau Kpicrei, 

lovara Trpd^co, rXrjaopai to KaTdaveiv, 

opapoTai yap opKos iic 6(Siv fieyas. 

' A180V TTvXas 8e Tdcrd' iyoa TrpoafvueTTco' 

enevxopai 8e Kaipiai TrXrjyijs Tv;(eti/, 115 

as aa<pd8a(TTos, alpdrav evdvrjcripmv 

dTToppvevTcov, oppa (rvp[3dXa> t68€. 

Chorus. <» TToXXct piv ToXaiva, ttoXXo. S' av (ro(f)f) 
yvvai, paKpav eTeivas. el S' (rrjTvpcos 
popov TOP avTTJs oiada, ttcos 6er]XdTov 120 

/3o6? tUrjv Tvpbs ^a>p6v evToXpcos TraTtls ; 

Cassandra. ovK eor' aXv^is, a> ^evoi, xpo"*? nXea. 

Chorus. o S' vcTTaTof -ye tov xpovov npfo-^evfTai,. 

Cassandra. '7'^" to'S' ^pap' a-piKpa K€p8avu> (pvyfj. 

Chorus, aXX' icrvL TXrjpaiv over dn evToXpov (ppevos. 125 

Cassandra. ovScis aKovei TavTa tu>v evdaipovcov. 

Chorus. aXX evKXecos toi KaTdavelv X^P'-^ ^poTci. 


Cassandra, iw ■nimp croO rail' re yevvoKov reKvcov. 

Chorus. Tt 6' eoTi xpW^f ^'^ *'"' ciTroaTpe<p(i ({)6^os ; 

Cassandra, (pev ^eO. 1 30 

Chorus. tI tovt tcfiev^as ; fl rt /xi) (fypevav (rrvyos. 

Cassatidra. (povuv 86[j.oi irveova-iv aluarocrTayrj. 

Chorus. Kal n5>s rdS' o^ei dvixaTOiv e<p((TTio>v ] 

Cassandra, ofioios drfibs Sxnrep e'/c Td(f)ov TrpeVf (. 

Chorus. OX) "Sivpiov aryKaiapa ScupaaLV Xeyetr. 135 

Cassandra. aXX' et/xt kuv So/xottri kcokvctovct eprjv 

^Kyapffxvovoi re poipav. apKeirw /3ioy, 

10) ^fvoi. 

ovTOi 8v(Toi(a> $apvov cos opi/t? (f)6^a>' 

dXX' ws 6avov(TT] papTvpflre poc roBe, 140 

oral/ -yui/j) •yvj/atKoj drr' epov Brivrj, 

avrjp re 8va8dpapTOs avr dvbpos nfCTT). 

fTTi^evovpai Tavra b o)? davovpevrj. 

Chorus. a> rXripov, oiKTfipu) ere Oeo-cfxirov popov. 
Cassandra. uTta^ er' elnflv prja-iv fj dprjvov 6i\(i> 145 

ipov Tuv awT^f. TjXiai 8 iiT(v)(opai 
npos vararov (pcos to7s epols ripaopois 
i)(6poi^ (jiovfvat rols epols TLveiv opov 
bovKrjs Bavovcrrjs, (vpapoiis ;(etpco/Ltaros. 
to) (ipoTfia TT pay par ' evrvxovvra pev iRO 

(TKia Tis iiv irpey^reieV el 8e 8v(TTV)(^e'i , 
(ifiKals vypu)(T<joov cnroyyos oikecrev ypa(f}fjv 
/cat TavT eKeivuiv piiKkov oiKTelpu) ttoKv. 

[Agamemnon, 11 78-1330.] 




The dirges at Agame7nnon!s tomb. 

Orestes. 'Q nurfp alvonarep, ri ani 

(Pd/xevos T] Ti pe^as 

TV)(oifx av eKadev ovpicras, ev6a cr e)(ovcnv evvai, 

(TKOTo) (pdos laopoipop " ^dpires o o/xo/cor 

KeK\T]VTaL yoos evKXerjs irpoadodupois 'Arpei- 
8ais. 5 

Chorus. reKvov, (j)p6in}p,u tov QavovTos ov 8ap.u^fi, 

TTvpos paXepa yvddos, 

(j)aivei S' v(TTfpoP opyds' 

oTOTii^fTai 5' 6 BprjaKmv, dvacpaiveTai 8' 6 

TruTfpaiv Te koI reKovrcov yoos evSiKOS fiarevei 10 

TO TTav ap(f)iXa(pi]s rapa)(6fis. 
Elccira. Kkvdi vvv, to Trdrep, eu pepei 

TToXvdaKpvTa irevdr]. 

8inais Toi cr eTTiTvp-fiios Bprjvos dvaarevd^n.' 

Tdcf)os S' iKeras 8e8eKTai (f)vyd8as & ofioiois' 15 

Ti Ta>v8 ev, Ti S' chep KaKav • ovk drplaKTOs 
ara * 
Chorus. aXX' eV tiv (k T0iv8e decs xprj^av 

Or. Father, how can lamentations of ours reach thy dark 
abode? Yet for thy honour they shall be paid. 

Ch. Doubt not the dead hear and arc reached by your 

El. Hear, father, my sorrows too, for they are great. 

Ch. Our sorrows shall become joy when the friend comes 
who will come. 


Qi'iT] KiKahovs evcfiBoyyoTtpovi' 

(lin-i 8e QprjVtiiv eTTtTi'/^/SjStcoi' 

iraiav fjifXddpois iv (BaaiXdoii 20 

veoKpara ^iKov KOjxiacuv, 
Orestes. d yap lii 'IK'ko 

irpos Tivos AvKicov, nuTep, 

bop'irprjTos KaTrjvapicrdrjs, 

Xiniov uv evKXeiav iv 86poiai 25 

TfKvcou re K(Xev6ois fTriaTpenTov alo) 

KTicras 7ro\v)(Q)(TTOv av fi^fs 

Ta(j)ov diuTTOvriov yas 

Scd/iacri!/ (v(f)6pr]Tov. 
Chorus. (f)iKos (l)i\oi(n toIs eVel koXws 6avovai, 30 

Kara xOovos ffiTrpenav 

(Tep-voTifios ilvaKTcop, 

TTpoTToXos Te Twi> p.eylcrT(ov )(dovi(ov e/ctl rvpdv- 


^aaiXivs yap fjuO' , ocpp" f'C^s, p-opipov Xu^os tti- 

Xepoiv TreKTi^poTov re ^aKTpov, 35 

Electra. /:i»;8' vt:o Tpatas 

Tfi-^fcn (fidiufvos, ndrep, (iXX(oi> 8ovpiKp,riTi Xaw 

Or. Father, would that you had rather died under Ilion's 
walls, leaving glory to your children. 

CA. So would you also have been glorious, and even in 
death a king. 

AV. Yet not so, father : would that your murderers had 
rather died, and this trouble had never been. 






irapa iKandvBpov iropov T(6a\f/ai, 

ndpos S' ol KTav6i>T€s viv ovtcos dapijvai 40 

6avaTrj<p6pov aiaav 

Trpocrco Tiva nwddveaOai, 

T(ov8e TTovaiv aneipov. 

TavTa fiev, « nai, Kpdaaovn xp^o'oy, 

fjieydXrjs 8e rv^fl^ <<«( VTTfp^opeov 45 

pel^ova cfiaivfls' Bvvacrac ydp. 

flXXa bnrKqs ydp Trja8e fjLapdyvTjs 

dovnos lnvt'iTai' rav ptev dpayol 

Kara yfjs rjbr]' tu)V fie KpaTovvrav 

X^P^s ovx oaiai arvyepuiv tovtwv, 50 

naicrl 8e ndWov yeyevrjrai. 

TovTo diapTTfpes ovs 

iKf^' anep re ^eXos. 

Zev Zev, Kdradev dpnepTTcou 

vareponoLvov arav 55 

^pQTUiV rXdpovi Koi Travovpyat 

X^'-P'-' — TQK€v(Ti 6' 0/xcos TfXeirat. 

ecpvpmicrai yevoiTo poi. nevKr)- 

(VT ukokvypov dvhpos 

deivopevov, yvvaiKos r 60 

okXvpevai' rt ydp Kev- 

6(0 (f>pev6s oiov epiras 

Ch. Enough that the avengers are at hand, and the dead 
are on their side. 

El. Zeus, may the word be true. 
Ch. May I shout over their fall whom I hate. 

T 2 


A ESC 11 YL US. 

TTOTilTCU, TTapoldtV §6 TTpCupaS 

dpipvs (irjTai KpaSias 

6vp6i, ejKOTOv (TTvyos. 
Orestes. kol ttot av ap(^idaKr]s 

Zevs eVi X^'-P^ /3aXoi ; 

(pev (pev' Kcipava dai^as, 

TTKTTa yevoiTo X^Pf- 

diKav S' €^ ddiKcov dnaiTa). 

Kkiire 8e Yd x^^vlaiv re ripai. 
Chorus. oKka vofxos /xef (popias (rrayovas 

Xvpevas es irehov aXXo TTpoaairelu 

aina. j3oa yap Xoiyos Epiviiv 

TTapa Tciiv 77p6repov (pdipfvcov, arrjv 

irepav firdyovcrav en urrj. 
Electra. noi ttoI Si) veprepcov TvpavvLhfs ; 

tSere TTokvKpaTe'is dpai (pdipeixov, 

'i8ea6' 'Arpei^uv rot XoiV dprjxdvas 

exovra ku\ dcopdrcov 

uTipa. nd Tis rpdrroiT di>, a> Zev ; 
Chorus. TrenaXrai S' avre poi cjjiXov Keap 

Topde Kkvovaav oIktov. 

KCii Tore p-eu dvaeXms, 




Or. Zeus cannot give back our father. It is for revenge I 

Ch. Vengeance will surely come. The blood cries for 

E/. Have pity on us, O ye dead, O Zeus ! 

Ch. One moment hope darkens, the next, is unclouded 






KTTtXayxva hi fioi Kikaivoxj- 
Tai TTpos enos KXvovcra' 
orav o avT eiroAKes 
6paae\ dTrearaa-tv 0^05 
TTpos TO (pavelcrdai pot KaXws. 
Ti 5' ttv (pdvTfs Tvx^oipfv TJ rdnep 
TrdSoptv (i^fa izpos ye ratv reKopevcov ', 
Tvdpfcm (jalveiv, rd 8' ovti deXyerai' 
XiiKos yap u)(TT u>p6(^p(Aiv 
(iaavros e< puTpos effri dvpos, 
fKo\^a Koppov "Apiov e'lre Kiacnag 
vopois Ir^XepuTTpias, 

dTTpiyBoirXrjKTa TroXvnXdvrjra 8' rju iSfii' 
(Traaa-vTfpoTpijBrj rd X^po^ opeypara 
livoiOev dviKaOiv, ktvttm H CTVippodd 
KpOTrjTov dpov KoX TTavddXiov Kdpa. 

to) (ci) oaia 

TrdvToXpe pdrep, Satais iv iK(^opdis 
avev TToXirdv dvuKT , 
auev 8e irevdrjpdTdiv 
trXas dvoipcoKTOv avBpa Bd^cu. 
Orestes. to ndv dripas eXe^as, o'lpoi. 






Or. We will be strong in our unspeakable wrongs. 

C/i. Avenge your father! Bitterly I mourned at his 

E/. A man unwept, a king unhonoured, he was borne to 
the fire. 

Or. Surely she shall pay for dishonouring him. Help me 
gods and my right hand ! 

2 78 


TTorpos 8' aTifiaxTiv dpa ricrei 

eKOTi fiiv daifiovcov, 

fKari 8' ayLav x^pav. 

eTTtiT eyu) vo<T(f>i(Tas oXoipav. no 

Chorus. i\ia(TXcikl<T6r]^ 8' e^', wj toS el8^i, 

errpacrcre 8 anep viv 2)Se Bdnrei, 

fwpov KTicrai pcopeva 

fi(f)(pTov alavi crw. 

k\v€IS Trarptoovs 8vas dripovs. 115 

Eledra. Xeyets Trarpaov popov. «'ya) 8' dTTfaTorovv, 

uTipos, ovoev a^ia, 

pv)(Ov 8 d(f)epKTos TToXvaivoiis Kvvbs BUrju 

(TOiporepa yeXcoros dvfcfxpou Xi'jS^, 

•^a'ipov(Ta TTokvhaKpvv yoov KeKpvppepou. 1 20 

TOiavr' aArovoji/ eV (ppfcrlv ypdcpov. 
Chonts. 8t uTcov Se crvi/- 

Terpatve pvOov rj(rv)(oi cjipeucov j3d<T€i. 

TO. pev yap ovtcos ex^'-i 

TO. 8 avTos f>pyn paOeiv. 1 25 

Tvpenei 8' aKapnTco peixi Ka6r}K(iv. 
Orestes. o'e tol Xeyw, ^y-yfi/oC, Trrirep, (/x'Xoif. 
Electra. fyw 8 f7ri(j)6eyyopai K€Kkuvpeva. 

Ch. Avenge him I In his funeral was no less dishonour 
than in his death. 

El. Not even I, his daughter, might follow him to the 
fire. Remember this, Orestes ! 

Ch. Remember ! and go down firmly into the fight. 

Or. Help, father ! 

El. I cry to thee weeping. 




Elect ra. 

crrdcrt? 5e TrnyKoiyo? aS' eTTLppodfl, — 

nKovcrov es (j^dos fioXcov^ ^vv 8e yfvov TTpos 

ix^povs. 1 30 

' ApTjs Apet ^vfji^aiKoi, AiVa Ai'ra. 
1(0 Oeoi, Kpaiver fvhiKcos. 
Tpofios p.' icfifpTTei K\iiov(rav fiypdrav. 
TO popaipov pevd nnXai, ev)(op€Vois 8 av 


[Choephori, 315-465.] 


Orestes, hunted over land mid sea by the Erinyes, takes 
sanctuary at Athene^s altar. 

Orestes. ' Avacra' 'ABdvu, Ao^iov KeXevcrp-aciv 
fJKO), 8exov 8e TTpevpLfvats aXdaropa, 
ov TTpooTponaiov ov8 acpoi^avrov X^'P"? 
dXK dp^Xvv rj8rj TzpocTTeTpippivov re Trpos 
aXkoicriv OLKOis Koi Tropevp.aaiv ^porav. 5 

opoia x^pfJ'ov Koi ddXacrcrav (Krrfpmv, 
(TM^cov ecpfTpas Ao^tou ;^p7;o-rr;piovs-, 
Trpoaeipi Scoprt koi Operas to aov, dtd. 
avTOv <^vAao"0"a)f avapLivco TfXos 8ikt]s. 

Erinyes. eiev' t68' f(TT\ Tdv8pos fKcfiaves TfKfiap. 10 

€TT0v 8e fiTjWTripos dcpdeyKTOv (ppa8ais, 

Ch. Help us ! is all our cry. 
Or. O that the battle were begun. 
El. Gods, speed the right ! 

Ch. What is fated waits from of old, and will come at 
your prayer. 


TiTpavfJLaTta-fiei'Ov yap w? KvoiV vffiphv 

TTpos aipa Koi aToXayp.oi' fKfuicrTevopfv. 

TToXXoif Se fi6)(6ois dvdpoKprjcri (pvaia 

(mXay^vov' )(6ovos yap nas TT€TTOip.avTai tottos, jc 


tjK6ov 8i6}Kov(r , ovbiv vcrrfpa v(a>s. 
Kai vvv o5 iv6ah eori ttov KaraTTTaKav. 
oap.T] /3/iOTeicoi' alpdrav pe TTpocryeXa. 

[Eumenides, 235-253.] 


T/te hynm of the Ei-inyes. 

Ayf hi] Kai yppliV ai^copfv, enel 
fxovcrap cnvyfpav dfSuKrjKe, 

Xf^dl T€ y^d)(r] TU KUT dv6pa)7TOVs 

wj enivapa crrda-ii cipa, e, 

evOvdUai 6" fjBopeff eivai. 

Tov fjL€v Kadapus ;(fipaf rrpovipovr 

DVTCs «</)* TjpSiV prjvii e(f)ep7Tei, 

d(Tivr]s 8 alwva Sioix'^f'i'' 

ooTis a\iT(op axTTTfp 00 avqp 10 

Xtipas (poviai (TriKpvnTfi, 

p-dprvpfs 6p6ai toIcti Bavovcriv 

irapayiyvopfvai npaKTopts aiparos 

uxnCi TfXtoos i(^dvrjptv. 

MuTtp, ti p.' eriKTes, o) pdrep 15 


Nii^, dXaoIai (cat SeSop/cocrii' 

TTOivac, kXi)^. 6 AoToGs yap tVtV /x' ariiiov Tidrjui, 

t6p8 u(^aipovjievos TTTcoiia, fiaTpayov a- 

yviafia Kvpiop (povov. 

fVi te tS TeBvfjiivai 20 

Tohe peXoSj TTapaKOTra, 

TTapaCpopa (pptvobaXTjs, 

vp-vos i^ ^Epiuvcov, 

8eapios (ppevbov, d(p6p- 

fiiKTos, avova ^porols. 25 

ToiiTO yap Xaxos biavraia 
fioip (Treic\co<Tep e/xTreSo)? ex^'"? 
dvarSiv Tolcriv avTovpyiai ^vpTTtaaxriv pdraioi, 
Tails opaprelv, offyp' tiv ydv vneXdrj' Bavmv S' 
ovK ayav eXevdepos. 30 

(nl Se rw redvpfva 

rdSf /[xe'Xos, TrapaKorra, 

7rapa(jiopu (j)pevo8aXr]s, 

vpvos e^ Epivvoiv, 

Secrpios (ppevcov, dcjjop- 35 

fiiKTOs, avova ^porois. 
yiyvopevaicri Xa;^r; raS' e(f) cipiv iKpavBrj' 
dQavdrav 8' dne^eiv x^epas, ov8e tis earl 
(TVvdaiTcop peTUKOlVOS . 

TToKkiVKoiv 5e TriirXonv 40 

apoipos, uKXrjpos ervxdijv. 
dtopdrcov yap flXopav 
duarpoTTas, orav A.pT]s 
Ttdaaos tiv (pCkov eXjf' 


fni TOP, Z), hiofxtvai 46 

Kparepov ov6', ofxas 
/lavpovfjifv v(j) aifiaros v(OV. 

aTTfvSofievai 8' d^fXeti' riva rdabe fiepi[ivas, 
6ecov S' drfXtiav epaiai Xi.Taii eniKpaiveiv, 
firfS" (S ayKpiaiv i\6eiv — 50 

ZfiT yap alparocTTayks 
d^i6pL(Tov fOvos Tode \e(T)(as 
as uTrr}^i(j)(TaTO — 
fidXa yap ovv aXopeva 

ayKa6(v ^apvrT((Trj 55 

Knracpfpo} no^os dKjxav, 
(TCJ)n\epd Tai>v8p6p.ois 
KoKa, hvGcpopov nrap. 

Bu^ai T dvSpwv Kol pdX' vn aWepi aepLval 
TOKopevai Kara yai/ p.ivv6ovcTiv aripoi 60 

r]fj.(Tepaii tcpoBois ii(\avfipocnv 6pxi]O'P'0'is t inK^Oovois iroBos. 

TrinTcov 8' oix olBtv rob vn a(Ppovi \vp.a. 
Toiov eVi KVf(pai dv8p\ fivcros TrfTTOTarai, 
Ka\ 8vo(}}fpdv Tiv d)(\vv /caret 8d>iJ.aT0S avbdraL ttoXvcttovos 

fifVfi ydp' evprj^avoL 65 

Se KOI T(\€ioi., KaKwv 
re pvrjpovfs (TefjLva\, 
Kul bvcnrapriyopoL ^pordls, 
nTtfjL drifTa 8i6p.fvat 

\d)(Ti 6eoiU 8i)(0(rTaT0i:vT "JO 

dvTJKioi Xdnirq, 8v(To8oTTanTn\a 
8fpKop.(v'ti(Ti Kn\ 8vaopp.dTois Ofiw. 


Tis ovv Tab ovx^ a^frai 
T€ Koi 8e8oiKfv ^poTa>v, 
efioii k\vci>v Beufiov 'ji^ 

TOV flOlpOKpaVTOV fK 6fS>V 

boOevra reXeov ; eTrl 8e fioi 
yepas Trakaiov, oiS' 
dTifxias Kvpcoy KaiTrep vtto )(66va 
rd^iv e)(Ov(Ta Kai 8vaj]Xiou Kvecpas, So 

[Eumenides, 307-396.] 



rO S J ivharelaQai tcis epas evnai^ias 

vocrav t dneipovs kol paKpala>vas ^lovs, 

^vpLTravrd t ehroav deo(pike'is €p.ds TV)(as 

Traidv €7T€V(f)r]pT](Tep evSvpwp eVf. 

Kayoi TO $ot/3ou 6elov d\l/€v8es crrop-a g 

rfkTn^ov (Lvai, pavTiKjj ^pvov T()(yT), 

6 S avTos vpucbv, avTos iv Ooivrj nap^v, 

avTos Tad elncov, ai/Tos eaTiv 6 ktuvcou 

TOV iraida tov ep.6v. 

[Fragm. 266.] 





The power of Man. 

IloXXa TO. 8fiva Koidev dv- 
dpanov deivoTfpov ireXei. 
TOVTO KOi TToXioiJ TTe'pav 
TTOVTOv xeijxeploi votcd 

X(Opfl, TTtpllSpV^lOKTlV 5 

7Tep<i>V V7T OlSpatTlV, 

6ea>v T6 Tciv vmpTarav, Yav 

a<p6iTov, a.Kap.dTaVf dnoTpwrai, 

IWofxevav dporpcov eros els eras, InTTelia yevei nqXevov' 

Kov(f)ov6a)v T€ <PvKov op- 10 

vidoiv d/jLcfii^aXcdv ciyei, 
Koi 6r]pu>v dypitjdv fdvr], 
TTOVTOV T etvaXuiu (f^iaip 
anre'ipaicn hiKTvoKkuxTTois, 

n(pi<Ppa8r]S dft'ip' 1 5 

Kpard 8e pLrj)(avaii dypaCXov 

How excellent is man ! How infinite in art ! The paragon 
of animals ! Winds and seas wear his harness, Earth is his 
drudge (1-9) : they yield him up their creatures to be the 
prey of his nets and the servants of his yoke (10-18). He 
can tell his thoughts to his fcllcvs; he shapes his temper to 


Btjpos 6p«T(Ti^aTa, \aaiav-)(fVii 6^ 

iTTTTov a^fTai afi(f)l\o(pov fijytii/ ovpeiov t uKp.rjTa javpov. 

Kill (f)0eyna Kcu uj/f^o'ei' 
(ppovrjpa KOL darvi'opovs 20 

opyas idiSd^aro koi dvaavXuu 
Trdyav a'ldpia koi 
hvcrop^pa <pevy(iv ISeXrj, 
TtavTOTTopos, anopos cV ovbev epx^Tai 

TO fieXXov' 'AtSa povov 25 

(pei^w ova fTrd^eraf 
vocTcov 8 dpr])^dv(t)V 
<pvyds ^vpnecppacrTai. 

(T0(p6v Ti TO prj-^avdev 
Te^vas vnip iXnid^ e^^ooc 30 

TTore pev kokov, uXXot en eaBXov epntL' 
vopovs yepaipcov xBovbs 
deaip T evopKov SiKav, 
yyp'inoXis' anoXis, otco to prj koXov 

^vv€(TTi, ToXpas X'^P'-^- 35 

prjT epol TrapfdTLOs 
yepoiTo pr]T 'laou 
(ppovwv OS Tab epoei. 

[Antigone, 332-375-1 

the bonds of law; he has devised shifts against all evils 
except only death (19-28). But over him still are inviolable 
laws, against which, if he turns his arts in his pride, naked 
and an outcast they strike him down (29-3S). 



Antigone, setting the laws of piety above the laws of the 
state, despised Creoti's proclamation and covered the body of 
her brother. Detected at last, she is brought before the king 
and justifies her act. 

Watch. ToioCtoi' j^v to npay^j. . ottco? yap TjKoufi/, 
TTpus aov TCI SetV eKeiv eTrr]TT€ikr]p.tvoi, 
nacrciv kovlv arjpavTfs t] (farei;^e tov 
vfKVV, p.vbcov T( aro}p,a yvfivaxravres fv, 
Ka6r]fj.f0' uKpoiv e'/c nayci)v VTrtjvefMOi, 5 

ocrfXTjv an avTOv /jltj /3«\ot necpevyoTes, 
tyeprl Kivav I'lubp dvrjp emppodoLS 
KaKo'iaiv, €(. TLS Tovb^ a(}}ei8rjaoi ttouov. 
)(p6vov Tab T}v Toaoiirov, cirr ev aWepi 
/xeVo) KaTtfTTT] XapLTTpos tjXiov kvkXos 10 

Koi Kavp! (daXne' Koi tot i^aif^vqs xBovos 
Tv(^a>s deipas aKrjnTou, ovpaviov a^os, 
TTipTrXrjai TT(8iov naaau atKiftoj/ (f)6^T]v 
vXr/s nebidbos, (v K ep-faradq p-eyas 
aWrjp' pvaavTfs 6' €'i)(op€V 6eiav vocrov, 15 

Koi T0v8' UTraWayevTos iv xP^vd) puKpaj, 


opviOos o^vv (j)66yyov, 6)S otov icfvrjs 

(vvrji veoaacof op(Pav6v jBXe'^r] Xe'xos' 

ovTiO be x^^'i'l, ^iXov cos opa vtKvv, 20 

ydoiaiv f^copoi^eu, (k K dpas kokcis 

rjpuTO Tolai Tovpyov f^etpyacrpepoii. 

K(u )((pcr\v evdiis 8<'v//'/ai/ cfjepft koviv, 


C/C t' eVKpOTTjTOV XokKtaS UpdrjV TTp6)(0V 

^oalat TpicnrovBoKTi toi' v€kvv (TTiffxi. 25 

)(^rjpe'ii l86vTes lepecrda, crvv he viv 
6r]pcopeff ivdits oxibev iKneTTKi)yp.evT]v' 
K.a\ ras re TvpodBev rd? re vvv r]\€y)(opiv 
irpd^eis' — anapvos 8' ovhevbs KadiaraTo^ 
dXX' fj8eo)s eptoiye KoXyeivcos ap,a' 30 

TO pev yap avTov e*c kukcov TTfcfuvyevai 
rjdicrrov, is kcikov 8e tovs (PiXovs dyeiv 
akyavov. aXka iravra ravd' rjaao) Xa^tlv 
e/uoi neC^VKe Tijs fprjs (rwTTjplas. 
CreoH. o"e S17, ae ttjv vevovaav fs ivehov Kapa, 35 

(pjjs, 7] Karapvii prj 8e8paK(vai ruBe ; 
Antigotie- toi </"7m'' Spaaai kovk dnapvovpai to prj. 
Creon. (tv pev KopL^ois ap aeavTov j) dekas 

e^ri) ^apeias atrias iXevdepop' 
(TV d elrre pot pf} prJKos, dXXa avvTopa, 40 

ildrjs Tu Krjpv)(6evTa prj TTpdaaeiv rdSe j 
Antigone, flhrj' tl 8 ovk epeWov 5 €p(^avrj yap fjv, 
Creon. <oX 8j]t eroXpas roucrS' vTreplBa'iufiv vopovs ] 

Antigone, ov yap tl pot Zevs rjv 6 Kr]pv^as rdSe 

0118 T] ^vvoiKos TU)V KaToi 6eu)V ^Urj, 45 

01 Tovah iv dv6pu>TT0icriv copiaav vofiovs. 
ov8e adfveiv tocovtov cooprju to. era 
KTjpvypaB coaT ay paiTTa KaaCJiaXr] 6ea>v 
vopipa Svvaadai. dvrjTov ov6^ vnepdpapelv. 
ov yap Tl vvv -ye Kaxdes, aXX' del ttots 50 

Cfj Tavra^ Kov8e\s oldev i^ otov '(pdvi]. 
TOVTOiP tyo) OVK epeXXov, dv8pos ov8iv6i 


(f)p6vT}fJLa Bticraa*, iv dfolai rrjv dUrjv 

daxreiv. davovfieurj yap €$]]8r], tI 8' ov ; 

Kel fxr) (TV TTpovKrjpv^as. el 8e tov )(p6v'.>v i^^ 

Tvp6cr6ev Bavovpai, KepBos avr eya> Xeyoo. 

odTLs yap ev ttoWo'uti.v cos eyo) KaKo'is 

f//, TTcis oS' oir;^t KardavMU Kepbos (pepec \ 

ovrojs epoiye rovBe tov popov tv)(€iu 

Trap ovbev cikyos' aXX' av, el tuv i^ eprjs 60 

prjrpos GavovT (idairrov rjva^oprjv veKvv, 

Keivms iiv fjKyovv' TolaSe 8' ouk akyvvopni. 

<To\ S el 80KU) vvv papa bpaxra Tvy)(aveiv 

crxedov Ti papa papiav ucpXiaKuva. 

[Antigone, 407-470.] 


Love the conqueror. 

"Epas dvLKUTe pu^av, 
Epas, OS eu KTTjpacri TrlnTeis, 
OS ev paXoKals Txapetais 
veavibos evpv)(eveis, 

(poiTas 8 vTTepTToPTios eu T aypovopois avXa'is, 5 

Kai a ovT aQavarav (pv^ipos ov8e\s 
ovB" apepiav in uvdpanav, 6 S' e)(av peprjvev, 

(TV Kai hiKaiav ub'iKovs 
(j)pevas Trapacrnas eVt X&)/3a' ' 

(TV Kul Tobe ve^Kos dftpau 10 

^vvaipov e^eis rapu^as' 
viKa 6' epapyfjs ^Xecpupav tpepos eiXeKTpov 


viiix(f)as, Twv fifyuKcov Trdpfbpos iv dpxais 
BeafJLav' "ina)(os yap e/x7rat^et 6f6s 'Acj^po^ira. 

[Antigone, 781-800.] 

Antigone led to her living tomb. 

Antigone. Opar ep, , to yus Trarpias TroXirat, 

rav vedrav 686v 

(TTeixovaav, vearov 8e 0£yyos 

Xevaaovcrav deXiov, 

KOVTTOT aiidis' ak\d p. 6 Tray- 5 

Koiras'Aitas ^coaav dyei 

rdv A)(fpnvros 

dKTiiv, ovd" vp.(vaia>v 

eyicKripov, ovT e'invvp.(p€i6s 

TTco /Lie Tis vfivos 10 

vp-vrjcrev, aXX Ax^povn vvp,(p€V(T(o. 
Chortis. ovKOvv Kkfivr] Koi enaivov €)(ovcr 

is t68 dTrep)(^{i Kevfios veKvav, 

ovTf cfidivdaiv TrXriyflcra voaois 

ovre ^Kpf'cov €7n';^etpa Xaxoua, 15 

aXX avTovopos , C^ca, povrj 8r] 

Bvaruiv, 'AiSav Kara^fjcrfL. 
Antigone, ^icovtra 8rj Xvypordrav oXecrdai 

Antigo7ie. Unwedded and unloved, Hades leads me to his 
joyless shore. 

Elders. But gloriously, painlessly. Never woman died 
like you. 

Atitigone. Truly none but Niobe so wretchedly. 



rav ^pvylav ^evav 

TavToKov StTTuXo) npos aKpco, 20 

Tuv Kicraos ws dTevi)s 

TTfTpaia /3Xd(Tra Bafiaa-(v, 

Ka'i viv op^pco TUKopivav, 

wf fpdris dv8pci)v, 

)(io)v T ov8apa XfiVet 2^ 

Ttyyei 6 vtt ocppvcn irayKXavToii 

tftpd8as' a pe 

daipoov opoioTdrav KaTfvm^fi, 
Chorus. «XXa ^eo's roi Kid deoyevvrjs, 

rjpels 8e /3poTol Koi QvqToyevfis. 30 

KaiToi (fidipevoi TOis lao6eois 

(yKXrjpa Xa^eiv pey dKovcrai. 
Aittigoitc. oipoi yikibpai, ri pe, npos 6fa>v narpaxidv, 

ovK dWvpevnv vlBpi^eis, 

dXX fTTicjiavTov 5 3jj 

2) noXts, S) TToXew? 

TToXvKTTjpovei (ivdpfS' 

10) AipKoiai Kprjvai QrjlSas t 

fvappuTOv (iX(Tos, epTTiis 

^vppdpTvpas vppH (TTiKTiopni, 40 

oia (jiiXcov oKXavTos, otois vopois 

rrpui eppa Tvpfid)((i)(TTov tp^upai rd^av noraivlov' 

(O) hvaravos, 

Elders. As the peer of goddesses died need a mortal repine 
to die ? 

Antigone. Mock me not till I am gone, lint thou at least, 
dear land, mourn for my fate. 


OVT (V ^pOTOlS OVT iv ViKpoicTLV 

HeroiKos, ov ^oicriv, ov Bavoixriv. 45 

Chorus. Ttpo^ua eV e(T)(aTov Bpaaovs 
vip-rjXuv fs AiKas ^ddpov 

TVpOaiTT«J(S, S} TfKVOV, TToXv. 

narpa)oi> 8' (kt'ivus riv a6\ov. 
Antigone, t'^avcras uKyfivoTCiTas ipo\ fxepipvas co 

narpos rpi.noKia'Tov oitou 

Tov re irponavTos 

ufMerepov tt6tp.ov 

Kkeivo'ii XajibaKihaiaiv. 

10) fiaTpwai XeKTpcov arai 55 

Koipr]p,aTa r avToyevvrjT 

ep.u) narpl 8vap,6pov [xarpos, 

otcoi' eyd) TTo6 a Takai(^pu>v e(f)vv' 

npos ovs dpaloi, liya/Mos, aS eyw ptroiKos 

1(0 tvanoTfxoiv 60 

Kacnyvrjre yapuiv Kvp-qcras, 

6avtov iT ovaav Karquapts /xe. 
Chorus. (Te^eiv fj.ev evcnfieid tis' 

Kpdros 8' OTOi Kparos peXd 

Tiapa^uTov ovhap.rj TreXet. 6(; 

<Te b avToyvaros wXecr' opyd. 

Elders. The blame is your own : — though truly you might 
cast a part on your father. 

Antigone. O heartless comforter! Alas my mother, my 
father, my brother ! 

Elders, See you not yet that obedience is better than piety ? 

U 2 


Antigone. oKXavros, ucpikoi, avvfj-evaioi, 

TaKai(ppa)v ("yofxai Tui'f^' eroL^av oSoi'. 
oIk i'rt fxoi Tuhe Ka/xTraBos iepov ofifia 

6ffiis opav ToXaiva' *]0 

rov 5' tyiov TTOTfiov dBaKpvTov ovSeiJ (f)i\(i)V 

Creoti. ap 'Icrr noiS/is K(\\ yoovs TTpo tov davetv 

u>s oiS' av eis Tvavaair av, el XP^'-l \eyft.v' 
ovK (i^ed' wy Taxiorra, Koi KaTrjpeCJid 
TvplBa TrepiUTV^avTes, ws ('lpr]K e'yoj, 71; 

a(pere povrju eprjpov, eWe )(PU Onve'iv 
eiV* eV ToiaiiTTj ^waa rvp^eveiv areyr)' 
T]pe1s yap dyvoi rovni Tr]v8e ttjv Koprjv' 
■ fieroiKias 8' oiiu t?]s uvea crTepT]<T€Tat. 

Anligoiie. o) TvpjBos, 2> vvp(pelou, u> KaTa(rKa(f)i)s 80 

o'lKTjaLi delfppovpos, ol nopevofxai 
TTpos Tovs efiavrjji, cov dptOpov iv vfKpois 
■n^flcTTov bihiKTai ^tpae<Pa(Tfr oXwXdrcof' 
S}v \oi(T6ia yu> kcu KaKiara 8f] /xaKpa 
KUTfipi, TTplv fioi pioipav e^rjKeiv ^lov. 85 

f\6oii(Ta fievToi Kapr iv iXniaiv rpecjioi 
(f)i\r] pev Tj^eip irarp), 7rp(>a(j)i\r]s 8e croi, 
prjTtp, 0t'Xr/ de croi, KaaiyvrjTov Kupa' 
eVei davovras avToxeip vpus eyw 

Antig07je. Friendless and unloved I leave the blessed light. 
AVho would not weep for me? 

Creon. Will she cry forever? Away with Iicr to the tomb. 

Antig07ie. O dear ones, your love shall be my recompense. 
I die for you. 


eXou(7a KaKoarfirjfTa KuniTVfx^iovs 90 

^oas eScoKa' vvv 8e, YlnXvveiKes, to <t6v 

Be'iJ-as TTepiCTTeWovcTa roiaS' apuvfiai. 

KaiToi (T eyw 'rlixriaa toIs (ppovovaiv (v. 

ov yap TTOT OVT av el TeKvau p-rjrrjp e(f>vv, 

ovT el TTOcris poi Kardavcov eTTjKfTO, 95 

/3(a noXirSiv t6v8 av 7jp6p,r]v tt6vov. 

TWOS vofiov dr] Tavra Tvpos X'^P"' Xe'-yw ; 

noais p.ev av p.01 KUTOavovTos aWos rjv, 

Koi irals an aWov (jjcoTos, fl roiJS' fjpnXaKov, 

prjTpos 8' eV'AtSov Km Trarpos KeKevdoTOiv 100 

ovK t<jT ddeX(f)6s ocTTis av ^XddToi TroTt. 

TOiiiihe p.ivToi a eKTrpoTifirjcracr eyco 

v6pa>, KpeovTi TavT '4bo^ apapraveiv 

Koi 8(iva ToXfidv, w Kaaiyvr)Tov mpa. 

Kal vvv ayei fie dia ^epcov ourto Xa^a)V, 105 

oXeKTpov, dvvpevaiov, ouVe tov ydp.ov 

jxipGi Xa)(ovaav ovTe Traibeiov Tpo(f)rjs, 

dK\' 0)6' eprjpos Trpos (piXav tj 8v(rpopos 

fwcr' els BavvpTcov ep)(opai KaTa(TKa<f)ds' 

iToiav Trape^eXdovcra daipovcov diKrjv ; no 

Ti XP^ M^ ■'"'?'' 8u(TTT]vov es Geovs en 

jSXeneiv ; tiv avhdv ^v^pd^cov ; iird ye bf) 

Trjv bvcrae^eiav evaejiova eKTrjardprjv. 

dXX' , el fiev oiiv TciS' eoTiv ev deols KaXa, 

•naddvTes av ^vyyvolpev rjpapTrjKOTes' 1 15 

el 8' otS dpapTdvova-i, pt) TvXeio) kuko. 

TidOoiev, Tj Kal dpcoaiv eK^iKuts epe. 

[Antigone, 806-92S.] 


Chrysothemis and Electra. 

Chrysothe- TtV aZ av riji/Se irpos 6vpS>voi e'^oSot? 
f\6ovaa (pcovfii, u KacnyvrjTrj, (pariv, 
koxjK iv XPO*"? i'^aKpa hiha\6rjvai OeXeis 
Bvpa fiaralco firj xapi((cr6at Keva ; 
KdiTOi ToaoiiTov y oi8a KapavrfjV on 5 

aX-ycd 'nl T0T9 napohaiv, uxtt av, el adevos 
'kdl3oipi, 5i;X&)cro£// av oi avrols <j)povo). 
vvv 6' iv KaKois poi TrXeif ii(j)(ipevrj 5oKfi, 
Koi p-T] doKflv pev hpuv ri, TrTjpaiveiv 8e pi). 
ToiavTa fi tiXXa /cat tre ^ovXopai rroielv. 10 

KaiToi TO pev diKacov, ov)( fj yu> Xeyo), 
aXX' 1/ (TV Kplvfis' ei fi' (Xfvdfpav p.e bel 
^TJv, TOiv Kparovvrav eVrt ndi'T ciKovaria. 

Electra. 8ei.v6v ye o- ovaav Trarpos ov av nais e^vr, 

Kflvov XtX^crdai, rT;? Se TiKTovar}s peXeiv. 15 

imavTa yap cot rd/xa vovOeTTjpara * 

Kfivrjs StSn/cra, K(iv8fV (K cravTrjs Xeyeis. 

f 7rei6' eXoO -yt Odrep , ?; (f)pove'iv kokcos, 

fj tS>v (piXcov (f)povov(ra pr] pvfjprjv fX^LV' 

TjTis Xf'yeis pev apricos its, el Xd0ois 20 

crBevos, TO tovtcov plaos eVSet^fiay av' 

fpov Se Trar/Jt Trdvra Tipcupovufvrjs 

ovre ^vvepSfis rrjv re bpuiaav fKTpfTTfLi. 

ov ravra Trpos KaKolcri htiXiav ex.''- j 

(TTti dtSn^ov, fj pdff f^ epov, t'l poi 25 

Kepbos yevoiT &v roivde Xrj^uarj y6u>v. 


ov ^w * KaKOis fief, oid ' e7rapKovPTa><: lie yLoi. 

XnTTo) Se Tovrovf, ajore tu) TeSvrjKOTi 

rifxas TrpoadnTfiv, ft tis ecrr eVet x^P'-^- 

cri) S' ^/xiv ij jXLdovcra fiicrels (ifP Xo-yw, 30 

epyoi 8e rois (povevai ruv Trarpoi ^vpei. 

eyo) pev ovv ovk av tvoTj ovS" ei pot to. aa 

fieXXoi Tis o'lcreiv dap", e(^' oicri vvv ^^ibas, 

TovTOis inreiKaBoipi' ao\ 8e irXovcria 

TpuTTf^a KeiaOd) Koi TT(pippeiT(o /3tor, 35 

epoi yap ecrrw rovpe pj] \viieiv povov 

^ocTKrjpa' TTjs atjs 6' ovk epco Tiprjs tv^^^P' 

ovS" av av, aa}(pp(uv y oiicra. vvv S i^ov Trarpos 

TrdvTcov apicTTOv naida KfKXijcrdaiy koXov 

TTjs prjrpos. ovTco yap (f)av€l TrXei'crrots kokti, 40 

BavovTa Tzarepa /cat (f)iXovs 7rpo8oiJaa aovs. 

[Electra, 328-368.] 


T/ie feigned t^le of Orestes death. 

Clytenmestra. Seve, 

TuXt)6es eiTre, tw rpoTTO) SidXXurat ; 

Com/>ajn'on.KaTrepTr6pr]v npos ravra Ka\ to ttclv (f)pd(Tu). 
Kelvos yap eXdcov els to kXcivov EXXd8os 
Trpuaxrjp aywvos, AeX(f}i,Kci)v adXcav X'^P'-^i 
OT Tjader' di'8p6s dpOiiuv KrjpvypuTcou 
8p6pov iTpoKi]pv^avTos, ov npoiTi] Kpiaris, 
flaijXde Xapnpos, ndai rots eKe'i aeons' 


dpofiov 8' lauxras Ta(pt(Tei tu repjiara 

viKTjs ex^cov f^^Xde TrdvTijxov yefms. 10 

;^a)7ra)j fxev ev TToXXolcri navpa. (toi Xtyco, 

ovK oi8a Toioi/d av^pos fpya Koi KpuTT], 

€v 8' lad' oaav yap elcreK.r]pv^au fipa(ir]s 

8p6pcou SiavXcov adX' anep vopi^fTai, 

Tovrwv ei/eyKcov ircivTa TaTTtvLKia 15 

toX/Stffr', 'Apyelos pev dvuKaXoiipevos, 

wopa S OpecTTTjy, rov to KXeivov 'EXXuSos 

'Ayapepvovos arpdrfvp' dyelpavros iroTf. 

Koi ravra pev Toiaiid ' orav Se tis Beav 

^XaTTTT], 8vv(ur av ov8 uv l<T)(ya)V (puyelv. 20 

(celi/os yap aXXrjs rjptpas, 06" Itvttlkcju 

fjv TjXiov reXXovTos ^kvttovs ayuiVy 

flarjX6e TroXXutv apparTJXaToiv pera. 

fls rjv 'Axcilos, fis otto ^Traprrji, 8vo 

Aleves ^vycoTav appdrav eTTLa-Tdrai' 25 

KUKflvoi iv Tovroicri QeaaaXas f'xcov 

imrovs, 6 nepTTTOs' cktos e^ AlroiXlas 

^avda'icn iraXois' €^800.05 Mdyvrjs dvrjp' 

6 8 oyboos XevKLTTnos, Aiviav ytvos' 

euaros ^ AQtjvuiv tu>p 6€o8pr]TU)V lino' 30 

BotojTOj (iXXos, 8iKaTov iKTrXr)pu)V o)(oi>. 

ardvTfS S" off avrovs 01 rfraypevoi [ipaf:iris 

kXt]pocs f'rrqXuv kuI KaTfcrTrjaav 8i(ppovi, 

XaXKTJs VTToi adXmyyos H^aV 01 8' upa 

nrnois o/xo/cX 17 rra j/rf? rjvlas xepolv 35 

((Tciaav' (v 8e ttus fpfcrroidr) 8p6pos 

ktCttov KporrjTojv I'lppuTwv' Kuvii 5' oVoj 


(f)opeW' o^ov 8e TrdvTfs dvafieniyfievoi 

(peidovTO Kevrpatv ov8ep, cos vnepfiukoL 

)(v6as Tis avTOiv Kcii (ppvaypaff 'nrmKa' 40 

ojjLov yap dp(f)l vcora Kcil Tpo-)(piv fidcreis 

Tj(f)pL^ov, elaeiSaWov 'nnTiKai nvoai. 

Kelvos 8' vn' aiiTTjv icrxdrrfp (TTrfKriv e\a>u 

€;^pi/i7rr del avpiyya, 8(§i6v S ave\s 

(Tfipalov LTTTTov eipye top, 45 

Kai TTp'iv pev opSoi navres earacrav 8l(f)poi.' 

k'neiTa 8' AIvluvos dvSpos acrTopoi 

TTCoKoi ^ia (pepovaiv, eK 8 vnoarpofpris 

reXovvrfi (ktov elddopov r fj8r) 8p6pov 

fj.eTW7ra avpTraiovcri BapKalois o^ois' 50 

Kavrevdev ciWos aXXov i^ evus kokov 

edpave, KdveTrinTe, ndv 8 iiripirKaTO 

vavayLCDV Kpiaalov 'nrnLKiov 7Te8op. 

yvovs 8 ov^ AffrjVMV deivos rjvtO(TTp6(f)os 

e^a TrapacJTTa KavaKa))(^ev(i TTapels 55 

kXv8(ov e<pimrov iv ptaa KVKwpevov' 

TjXavve S' eaxiTos ptf, vcrripas 8' excop 

TTcoXovs 'Opecrrris t(5 reXei tzLcttiv (pepoiP' 

6 8' CO? Spa pnvov pip (WtXfippepop. 

o^vp 8l utccp ice\a8op epcreicras doais 60 

TTcaXois 8io)Kei, Ka^iadxraPTe C^ya 

rjXavperrjp, tot tiXXos, (iXXoO aTfpos 

Kapa Trpo^aXXociv IwirtKuip itxjlpdTmv, 

Koi Tovs pep ciXXovs mipras d<T(puXe2s 8pupnvi 

uipBoiiff 6 TXrjpmp opdos e^ opduiP 8L(ppwp' 65 

eneiTa Xv<i)P rjviap dpicTTepdv 


KUflTTTOVTOS ITTTTOV \avddv€l aTI]\T)l> uKpav 

naiaas' eOpavae 8 "i^ovos peaas x^'^'^''> 

Ka^ uvTvyoii' ooKi(T6e' avv S' eXiacreTai 

TfirjTois Ifiacri' Tov 8e tt'itttovtos iredoy ^o 

TTwXoi Bieandprjaav ey fifaov Spopov, 

arparos S ottu>s opa viv (KTrenTuxoTa 

SlcppMv, dvcoXoXv^f TOV Vfaviav, 

oi epya 8pdaas oia Xayx^uvei KaKci, 

cpopovpevos Trpos ov8us, uXKor ovpava 75 

(TKeXr] 7Tpo(paivo)v, es re viv 8i(f)prfkdTcn, 

poXis KaTaaxedovTfs Ittttikuv bpopov, 

eXvaav alpuTTjpuv, cocrre prjbepa 

yvatvai (piXav 186vt uv uQXiov hfpas. 

Kai vLv TTVpa Keavns fv6v<: iv (ipa)(^ei 80 

)^aXKU) piyiaTov (Tojpa ^eiXiuas anodov 

(f)fpov(riv avSpes ^coKeaiv Teraypevoi, 

onas irarpaas rvp^ou tKXdxj) x^°'^'^^- 

Toiavrd aoi ravr iarlvy toy pev iv Xoyu) 

aXyuva, rois 8 Ibovaiv, oinep i'lhopiv, 85 

peyKTTU TidvTwv wv onan eyw kukuv. 

[Electra, 678-763.] 


Electra mourns over the urn feigned to hold the 
ashes of Orestes. 

i2 cjiiXTdrov pvrjpe'iov uvBpconuiv ipoi 
yjfvxrji 'Ope'cTTou Xninov, wi (t an eXmBuv 
ovX i>V7r(p e^iTTtpnov elcre8f^dpr]v. 


vvv fifv yap ov8eu ovra fiafrTa^a> p^fpoZf, 

86fict}V 8e (T, 2) Tral, Aa/nrrpoi/ i^eTTfp.'^ eyo). 5 

Wff olxpeXov napoi6(v eKXinflu (ilov, 

TTp\v is ^ei'Tjv (76 ■yauii' eKTrip^ai, xepoiv 

Kki'^acra rmvhe Kdvacrd)(ra(r6ai (povov, 

on(os davMV iKeiao t?j t6& rjpepa, 

Tvp^uv narpdiov koivov elXr]^uis pepoi. 10 

vvp S' fKToi o'Ucov KciTTi yj)? aWrjs (pvyus 

KaKMS oTTcoXou, o"^? KacriyvrjTT]^ ^'■X^' 

KOVT iv (plXaiiTi x^P'^'-" h TuKaiv eyw 

Xovrpols (T (Koa-prja ovt€ irapcjiXeKTOV nvpos 

dvfL\6pr]v, 0)9 (Ikos, affkiov ^dpos. 15 

dXX' iu ^ivaiuL x^P^'- Ki]8evde\s rdXas 

crpiKpos TTpoarjKus oyKos iv apiKpa Kvrei. 

o'lpoi rdXaiua rrjs ip^is TraXai Tpocprji 

afa)(/)eXj]Tov, rrjv iyco 6dp ap(f>\ aoi 

TTOfO) yXvKfl TTapeaxov. ovre ydp TTore 20 

pTjTpos (TV y I'jcrda paWuv rj Kcipov (piXos, 

ovd^ ol KUT oiKOU Tjcrav, dXX iyu> Tpocpos, 

iyo) S" dSeXcj)!] aoi 7rpo(Tr]v8ii}priu dei. 

vvv S' eVXeXotTTf tuvt iv rjpepa pia 

6av6vTi crvv (rol. ivdvTa yap arvvapnaiTas 25 

^vfXX' oncos ^i^rjKas. o'lxfrai. Trarrjp' 

ridvrjK eyo) croi' (f>pov8os avros et davojv' 

yeXacri S' ix^pol^' paiverai 8 tKjb' tjbovrji 

prjTTjp dptjTap, rjS ipol crv noXXi'iKis 

(f)Tjpas Xddpa TTpovTrfpirfS oiS (f>avovp€vos 30 

Tj/iojpo? avTOs. dXXa ravd 6 dvaTVxrjs 

Saipoov 6 cros re Kupoi i^acpeiXfTO, ' 


Of (T hhi fjLoi TTpovTrf/JLyj/fv dvrl (piKrdTqs 
fiop(pijs CTTToSof re Koi crKiav (ivbocpeXi]. 
oifioL poi. 35 

to Bffias oiKxpov. (jjev (pev. 
o) Beivordrai, o'lfj-oi /xoi, 

7T€p(p6i\s KeXevdovs, cj)lXTad\ ws fi aTrwXecras' 
oTTcoikecras S^t', w KacriyvrjTov Kapa. 
TOiydp (TV 8e^ai p.' fs to aruv rude crreyos, 40 

TTjv p.r]div es to prjSiv, cos (tvv trot Karat 
vaia> TO Xoittov. kch yap rjv'iK rjard' tivo), 
^iiv <To\ peT('i)(ov Tcbv 'icrav' kqI vvv Tj-o6a> 
Tov (Tov Bavovaa puTToXfLTTfadai Tn(f)ov. 
Toi/s yap davovrai ov^ opco XvTrovpeuovs. 45 

[Electra, 1126-1170.] 


IVanderijig Heracles. 

Chorus. Ov aloXa vv^ ivapi^opiva 

TiKTei KaT(vuu^fi re (pXoyi^opevou 

"AXiov "AXiov alra, 

TuiiTo Kapv^ai tov AXKprjvas, ttoBl poi nodi irali 

vuifi itot\ S) Xap-Tvpa aTepona (f)Xeyeda>v, 5 

T] TTOVTias uvXwvas, ^ 8i(r(Tal(nv dneipois kXi6€\s, 

i'lTT , d) KpaTiaTiVOiV KUT (ippU. 

Tio6ovp.eva yap (ppevl mvddvopai 
Tuv dp.(f)iV€iKTi Arjidfeipau del 

Tell me O Sun, lord of sight, where wanders Heracles ? 
Deianira mourns her hero lost and will not be comforted, for 
all his life is a sea blown upon by tempests of fate. 


oia Tiv iwKiuv opvtv 10 

ov nor evvd^fLV dSaKpiroiv /3Xf0npcoi' tt66ov, «XX' 
evfivaarov dv8pus ^elfia (pepovaav 68ov 
fvSvpiois fvvois dvav8pa>T0i(Ti rpv^ffrOai, kukclv 
bv(TTavov eXni^ovaav alirav. 

TToXXa yap war uKapauTos i c 

^ NoTou ^ Bopea ris 
Kvpar iv ^vpi'i ttovto) 

aVT fTTlOVTa T lOT], 

ovT(o 8e TOP Kn^poyevrj Tpi<^ei to 8' av^et ^lotov 
■nokvTTovov acnrep neXayos Kprjo-iov. dXXd rts 
deav 20 

aleu dvapTrXaKrjTov " \i8a (T(f)€ dopcuv epmei. 

iov €7ripfp(f)op£va a' a- 
deta fxiv, dvria S' ola-co. 
(fiapi yap ovk dnoTpveiv 

fXnida TOP dyaBuv 2k 

XP^''al (T . dvdXyrjra yap oiiS" 6 TTavra Kpaivcov 

e7re/3aXe dvarols Kpovidas. dXX' eVl Trrjpa Koi x^po^ 
naa-t. kvkXov(ti.v, niov apKTov (TTporf)d8€s Ke'Xfvdoi. 

pe'vfi yap ovt aloXa 
vv^ (BpoTo'iacv ovre Krjpes ovre nXovros, t,o 

oXX (i({)ap Be^aKf, rw 6' iirepxfrai ;j^a(/3ft(/ re Ka\ 
Yet, O queen, despair not wholly. 

Not for man can there be unchanging bliss. Joy and 
woe roll round our life as darkness and light around the 
world : and for Heracles day will rise at last, for Zeus forgets 
not his children. 


a (cat 0"€ rav uvacraav eXniaiv Xeyeo 
Tab alev 'ia)(eiv' eVet ti's ojSe 
TeKVoifTi Zt]v {i^ovXov fidfv J 
Deianiia. ircnvarfxivri fiev, as dneiKacrai, Ttdpei 35 

TTuOqfia Toiifiov' ois S eyo) 6viJ.o({)6opco 
fifjr fKfidBoii naOovaa, vvv S' tmeipos fl. 
TO yap vfci^ov ev TOLoiaBe ^oaKtrab 
X^poiaiv aiiTov, Kal viv ov dciXiros deov, 
ov8 op^pos, ov8e TTVivpArav ovhtv kKovu, 40 
«AX -qhovais apo^dov e^alpfi. ^iov 
fi Tov6 , fcos Ttf uptI irapQevov yvvff 
KKr]6fi^ y^cijSij T fv vvKTi (f}povTi8ccv p^pos, 
iJToi. npos av8p6i tj reKvcov (fio^ovpevT). 


npa^iv, KaKoicriv oii e'-yw ^apvvopai. 

[Trachinian Women, 94-140.] 


The consideration of mans state leads Odysseus to pity his 
fallen enemy. 

Athena. ^P^s, '08v(T(T(v, ttjp 6ea>v l(rxvv o(Tt) ; 

TODTOV Tli (IP (JOl ruphpbs Tj TVpoPOVOTfpOS 

rj Bpav dfj.(ipo>p 7]vpe6r] tu Kaipia] 
Odysseus. <y'^ '**'' o^^*''' '"^'* eTiotnTfipoi 8/ viv 

BvrfTrfvop epiras Kaiirep opto Bvorpfvt], 5 

o6ovv(K iiTTj ariryKaTe^fVKTai kcikji, 

ovbev To TovTov pdXkop rj Tovpup (TKo-nap. 

6pu> yap t]pds ovbiP oPTas (IWo TrXrjp 

ddaX' oaoiTTfp C'^pev ^ Kov(ftt]v aKiav. 


Athena. Toiavra toivvv elcropwp vnepKoiTov 10 

fj.r]8fv TvoT ('inrji avTos (s Seoiis errot, 
fiT]8 oyKOv apT] prj8(v\ ei rivos ifkeov 
T) X^'P' ^pideii ^ fiaKpoii irkovTOV ^ndei. 
cos fjpepa xXtVfi re Kavnyei jrdXiv 
anavra ravOpanreia' rovs 6e auxppovas i :; 

deoi (f)tXov(Ti Koi crTvyovm rovs KaKovs. 

[Ajax, Ii8-i.:^3.] 


TecmesscCs prayer to Ajax. 

Teanessa. ^ hia-noT Alas, Tr]s dvajKalas TV)(r)s 
ovK. eariv oldev dpdpanrois kukov. 
eyo) 8 eXevdepov piv (^e(pvv Trarpos, 
eiirep tivos (rdevovros iv irkovTa ^pvywV 
vvv 8' flpl 8ov\r]. deo'is yap a)S' eSo^e ttov :; 
Kai (TTj pdXiara x^'-P'-- roiyapovv, enel 
TO (TOP Xf^os ^vvTjXdov, fv (ppovcb TO aci, 
Kai <T dvTid^o) irpos t eCJ)€(TTtov Aios 
(vVTJi re Trjs a^s, § (TvvTjXXdxOrjs (poi, 
p.Tj p.' d^iaarjg ^d^iv dXydVTjv Xa^elv 10 

rav (Tcov vn e'xdpcip, ;^6tptai' d(pe\s rivi. 
»; yap ddvjjs av Kai reXiVTrjaas dcjifjs, 
ravTj] vopi^e Kape tT] rod' rjpepa 
^la ^wapTraaSe'iaav ' kpyflav vno 
^vv TTaiSi rw (Tw hovXiav e^eiv Tpocbrjv. j :; 

Kai Tis TTiKphv TTpoa-cjjffeypa dea-iroTap ipu 
XoyoLs Idnrav, i'Sere Tr}v opevveriv 
AiavTos, OS peyiarov laxvae arpaTov, 


Oias Xarpeias (iv6 oaov ^tjXou rpecfyec. 
ToiavT epd Tis. Kafie fikv daifiav e\a, 20 

(Toi 8' alaxpa Tanrj ravra Koi t<5 (tw yevei. 
dW al'Secrai pev irarepa tov uov iv Xuypoj 
y!]pa 7Tpo\(inoii>, a'i8eaai 8e prjrepa 
TToXXwy irSiV K\r]pov)(ov, rj ere ivoWaKis 
dfo'is apiirai ^covza wpos 86povs poKelv' 25 

o'lKTeipe S', d)va^, Traida tov aov, el veas 
Tpo(j)rji <TTepr]0eis (rov Sto/crerai povos 
xnr 6p<pavL(TTa)v pfj (piXcdv, oirov kokov 
KeivM re Kapol tov^", orav ddvrjs, vepels. 
epol yap oIk eV earlv els o ri (SXeTTO) 30 

77X171' <rov. (TV yap pot Tvarpib rjcTTaxras 86pei, 
Koi prjrep' aXXr] potpa rov (f)vaavTd re 
Ka6el\ev ''AiBov davacripovs olKTjTopas. 
Tis SrjT epo\ yevoiT tiv dvrl aov Trnrpt's ; 
Tis TrXoOroy ; ev (roi nda eyuiye aa^opat. 3_:; 
tlXX' lcr;^e Kapov pvrjaTiv. avbpi toi ^pecov 
pvTjprjv TTpocrelvai, Tepirvov e'l ti ttov midoi. 
Xdpis X'^P"' y^P f'cTt" '^ TiKTOver del' 
OTov S' diToppel pvrjaTiv ev TvenovdoTos, 
ovK av yevoiT e& ovTOi eiyevrjs dvrjp, 40 

[Ajax, 485-524.] 

Time's irony. 
Ajax. "htravff 6 poKpns KdvapidprjTo? xpdvos 
cjivei T a8q\a Koi (f)avevTa KpvnTeTai,' 
KOVK fOT aeXTTTOV oibev, aXX' dXicTKeTai 


■j(v> Sftfos opKos xal TTepiaKeXe'is (fipevei. 

Kciyo) y»p, OS to. 8ftu eKaprepovv tots 5 

^affif] wtS'Jpos coy, edrfKvvOrjv aropa 

TTpos rrjcroe rrji yvvatKos' oiKTeipay Se viv 

XnP'^^ "■''P e-)(6po'is TToiha t opcfiavov \infiv. 

dXX dpi TTpos re Xovrpa Kal napaKrlovs 

\eipS)vas, odi av Xvpad' ayvicras tpu 10 

fiTJviv ^apfiav e^aXfiKTcopai deas' 

fioXoyv re x^pov evS" av aaTijBrj kl^o) 

Kpvi^(a ToS eyx^s rovpov, exdiarou j^eXwu, 

yaias opv^as fvda pi] tis oxj/eTaC 

dXX' avTo vv^ Aibrjs re aco^ovrmv kutco. i ^ 

f'-yo) yap €^ ov X^'P' tovt ib(^apr]v 

Trap "EKTopos Boyprjpa dvapevea-Tdrov, 

oStto) Ti K{8uuu k'axov Apynaiv ndpa. 

dXX' ear' aXr}6rjS i] ^porayv Trapoipia, 

fxdpav clBaipa dapa kovk 6vf}cnpa. 20' 

TOiyap TO \oi7t6v eianpea-dn pev deois 

e'lKfiv, padrjcropeada S Arpeidas aeiBeiv. 

apXOVTis elcriVj u>a6 VTretKreov. ri prj ; 

Koi yap TO. 8eiva Koi tu KaprepcoTaTa 

Tipals ineiKei' tovto ptv vi<}io(TTi0el$ 25 

Xeipuves eKXdnpovaiv evKapTra Gepef 

f^ia-TaTai Se vvktos alavrjs kvkKos 

TT) XeuKOTTcoXo) (f)eyyos rjfiipa (pXeyeiv' 

dfivcov T arjpa nvevparav eKoipi(re 

crrevovTa irovrov' fv 8 6 TrayKpartjs vttvos 30 

Xuei TTfdijaas, ov8 del Xa^cov e'xei. 

ijpels 8e nws ov yvmaopeda (Ta>(j)pove'w ; 


e'yo) S , fTTicrrafiat yap apTias on 

o T f\apos ^p-Lv fs rocrovo e^aaprfos, 

ws Koi 0iXi;crcoi' avdis, es re tuv cfitXou 3:5 

rocravB inrovpyuiv w<pikelv j3ov\rj(ropai, 

i)S aUv oi) pevovvTa' — toij ttoXXoio'i yap 

^poTcbv anicTTos ((t6 eraipeias Xiprju — 

oAX upcJH pev TOVTOiaiv ev (Tycqaei,' av 8e 

effo) 6€oli fXdovaa 8ia TeXovs, yvvai, 40 

fv^ov TeXeladat Tovpov hv epa Keap. 

vpe'is 6 era'tpoi Tuvra rjjde poi rdSe 

TipuTf, TevKpM T, rjv poXj], arjpTjvare 

ptXfiv ptv T]po)p, fvpoe'iu S' vplp apa. 

f-yo) yap elp eVetcr orroi nopevTeof' 45 

vpeis o a (ppaQo) opure, kol rax av p laus 

TivdoicxBe, Kel vvv SvarTVxS), aeaaxTpevuv, 

[Ajax, 646-692.] 


T/ie last prayer of Ajax. 

Ajax. O plv (T(f)ay(vs en-rriKev 7/ rofxcaraTos 

yevoiT uv, f\ TO) Ka\ Xoyl^fcrSai a)(oXr]j 

bu>pov piv avhpos "EKTopos ^evcov epoi 

puXiaTa pi(Tr]6fVTos, i)(6i(TTov 6^ opav, 

nenrjye 8' iv yfj noXepia rjj Tpwdbi, 5 

(Ti8rjpoj3pS)Ti 6rjy6.vr] ver]KOvrjs' 

fTTTj^a 8 avTov ev irtpicrTflXas fyi), 

fwovaTUTov TcoS' dt>8pl 8ia tcixovs davtiv. 

ovToi pev evaKevovpev' eV 8e Ta>p8f poi 

(TV Tipuros, Si ZeO, koi yap (ikos, upKfuov' 10 


aiTr](TO\iai be cr ov ^aKpoi/ ytpas Xa)(fii>' 
TTifx^ov Tiv fjfilv liyyfKov, kokiju (f)dTiv 
TevKpa (f}epopTa, npcoTos wy pe jScKXTacrr] 
TTfTTTOiTa roifie irepX peoppuvTO) ^L<p€i, 
Kai prj npos (xdpav tov KaTonrevBels mipos 15 

pi(l)6cb Kualv Trpo^XrjTos olcovols & eXcjp. 
TocravTu a , co Zev, Trpoa-Tpeno), koXo) ff apa 
TTopnaiov 'Epp^v x^^viov fv pe Koipiaai, 
^vv da(f)a8aaT(0 Koi tux^I Trrjdrjpari. 
TrXfvpav diappfj^avra rwSe (f)aaydva>. 20 

tcaXw S' apayovs ras dfl re napdivovs 
(lei 6 opacrai TTiivra rdu ^poTois nndq, 
crepvas Epii/vs ravvTVoSas, paBelv epe 
TTpos TO)i> ArpeiScoi' as dioWvpai. rdXas. 
Kai (T(f)as KUKovs KUKLO-Ta Koi iravoikedpovs 25 

^vvapTiddeiav, uxnrfp elcropaxj' tpe 
avTO(T(f)ayrj TnnTovra, tcos avT0(X(f)aye7.s 
TTpos rav (t)tXl(TTav (Kyovav oXoiaTO. 
IT , (a Taxf7ai ■noivipoi r 'Epivves, 
yfveade, pr) (Pfidtade navbrjpov (Trparov. 30 

(TV 8 , Si TOV alnvv ovpavuv 8i(f)pr]\aTa}v 
"HXie, TTarpcpav Trjv eprju orav x^^ dva 
(.8]]s, (Tvicrxoiv ;(pu(TO»'<Broi' fjviav 
ayyfiXop uras ras fpas popov t epov 
yepovTi TtarpX ti) re 8v(JTr]va> Tpo(}>M. 35 

f] nov TdXuiva, tt]v8 orav kXvt] (puTiv, 
fjaet peyau koukvtov iv Trddrj TToXet. 
oKX ovdev (pyop ravTu dprjvf'ia-dai pdrtjVj 
aXX upKTeov TO rrpdypa avv rdxn- tivl. 
X 2 


S> eivaTf eavare, vvv ,x itvliKt^ai MoAwi'* 4° 

(re 8', 2) cf)afvvrii fifiepas to vvv af\as, 

Koi rbv hi(\)pevT^v "WKiov Trpoafwivco, 

TTavvaraTov 8t] kovttot avOis vUTtpov — 

w (ptyyos, 2) yjj? Ipov olaeias netov, 45 

2fiXapvoj, o) Trarpaov etrrias jiiidpov, 

K'keivai T 'AB?ivm, Kal to aivrpocfiov ye'vos, 

KpTjvai re rrorafioi ff ol8f, Ka\ rii TpwiKC 

■n(8la TvpoaavhS), xa^P^'^\ " Tpo(f)?is ifioi 

ri>iff vtiiv Aias tol'tto? ZaraTOV dpoeV ^o 

TCI 8' «XX' ev "AiBov Tois Kara fivd^croiiai. 

[Ajax. 815-865.] 

Lei the enemies of Ajax tj-itimph . They have littU cause. 
Tecmessa. Ot 6' ovv yiKi^vrc^v Kai^ix^ipovra^v kokoTj 

T0I9 ToGS'. tCTws Toi, Kfi ^XtTTOvra nfi "iv66ovv, 

6nv6vT hv oiVw^ewf iv xp«''a Sopo?. 

ot yap KaKOi yi/w/xanri Taya^oi/ x^pot" 

exoire? oik 'icram, -npiv rt? iK^akji. 5 

fVot TTticpos TiOvrjKfv ij KeivoLs yKvKvs, 

oirw S£ Tfpnvos. Siv yap i]pMT6r) tux"" 

(Kri)aaff avra, Ouvarov, vvirep rj6(\ev. 

ri brira toCS' eVfyyeXoiei/ av Kura ; 

Beo'ii Te6vT]Kev ovtos, ov Kfivoiaiv, ov. lo 

Trpor ravT 'Obvirafi'S iv Kfuoii viipi(,ira>. 

Aias yop alrois ovKer <<tt\v, aXK ip-oi 

\irr<»v dvtas koi yoovs Stot'xfTat. 

[Ajax, 961-973-] 



Avenging Apollo. 

Tis ovTiv h dfUTTifTTfia AeXc^iy fine mrpa 
apprjT dppTjTcou riKtcravTa (fioiviaim ^((pcnv • 
iopa viv a(Wdh<x)V 
imroiv crOfvaparepov 

(f>vya TToSa I'co/idi^, 5 

(umrXos yap eV avrbv tTT€v6pu>aKfi 
TTVpl /cat (TTepoTTciis 6 Atof y€ViTas, 
Ofivai 6 ap, (ttovtoi 
Krjpes avanXaKriToi. 

e\ap\j/f yap tov vKpofVTOs dpTicos (jiavelaa 10 

(papa Ilapvaa-ov tov ahrjkov av8pu iravT l)^vivii.v. 

(poiTO, yap vrr uypiav 

vXav dvd T avrpa kcu 

nerpas are ravpos, 

peXeos peXeco ttoSI ;^j;pfva)i', 15 

TO pfa-6p(pa\a yds dnovoacpi^oiv 

pavrela' ra K aet 

fwira TrfpinoTUTai. 

[Oedipus Tyrannus, 463-482.] 


Pieljy and Pride. 
Et poi ^vveit] (pepovTi 
poipa rdv evaenTov ayvt'iav \dyu>v 
epyoiP re ndvTav, hv vopoi irpoKtivToi 

Blimily the queen locasta railed at the oracles of Zeus : 
but overhead the everlasting laws shine continually, shaming 


i'v//'iVo8es', ovpaviav 

Si* aWepa TenvaOevTes, Siv "OXvfnros 5 

TraTTjp fioDOs, ov8f viv 

dvara (f)V(ns dvepcov 

eTiKTfv, ov8e prfv nore \dda KaTaKOip.a(T(t' 

peyas cv tovtois Btos, ov8e yrjpda-Kfi. 

vjSpis (pvT fvei Tvpavvov' 10 

v^pis, el TToWwv vTre pTrXrjadJj ptciTav, 
a pfj 'niKaipa prjbe (Tvpipepovra, 
uKporaTOv elcrava^cKT 
'^ * niroTopov wpovafv (Is awiyfca//, 

fvB' oil TTofii XPV^^H-V ^5 

XP^Tai. TO KoXcos S ()(0V 
TToXfi naXaiapa pi'jnorf Xvcrai 6eov nlrovpai. 
6eov ov Aj;^q) Trore TvpocrraTav 'icrxmv. 

[Oedipus Tyrannus, 863-882.] 


The fatal secret. 

locasta. Xdypas tivaKtes, 86^a poi iraptardBq 

vaovs ItcftrBai daipovcov, rdS eu ^epoTu 

(TTi(j)r] \a{iov<Tr) KunidvpidpaTa. 

ii-^ov yap a'lpei Bvpov Olhlnovi ayav 

\inrni(ri iravToiaKTiv' ovh onoi avrjp 5 

evfovs Til KMva roty ndXai TfKpatpfrai, 

nXX' ((ttI tov XeyofToy, ft (j)o['iovs Xeyot. 

or' ovv napaivov(r ovdeu ft irKinv Trotw, 

prifle of word or deed. May no evil befall for the queen's 















TTpos (T , CO AvKfi AttoXXoi', ny^L<TT09 yap (i 
iKeris dcfnyfiai roiaBe crvv KaTapypaaiu, 
oTTcai Xvaiv riu rjfiiv evayr] nopjjs' 
as vvv OKVovfXfv Trdures fKTTfTrXrjyfifvov 
Keivov ^\eiT0VTfs a>s Kv^fpvrjrrjv veuis. 
ap av Trap vfia>v, to ^evoi, pnOnip Snov 
Ta Tov Tvpduvov dapar iarXv Olb'nrov ' 
paKi(TTa 8' avTov fiTrar', (I KaTurd' onov. 
areyai pev atSe* Kavroi evBov, Si ^eve' 
yvuf) Be prjTrjp rjBe twv Kfivov TiKvav, 
«A\' oK^'ui re Koi ^vv oX/3toi? dfl 
yevniT , (Keivov y oiiaa iravTtXrjs 8dpap. 
avTcos be kcu crv y , w ^ev' a^ios yap ei 
TTJs eveireias ovveK. dWa (})pd(' otov 
XPfj^cov d(j}i^ai )(a) Ti (rrjprivai 6e\a>v. 
dyadh bopois re Koi irocrei rw fTM, yvvai. 
Ta TToia ravTa ' Trpos rivos S dfpiypevos j 
fK Trji Kopivdov. TO S' eVro? oii^epco Td)( av 
rjdoio ptv, TTcos S' ovK av • dcrxdWnis 8' 'icrcoi. 
TL h eaTi, TTouiv hvvaptv wS' e)^et biTiXrjv " 
Tvpavvov avTov ovnixaipioi )(dov6i 
TTJS iaBpias aTTjaovaiVj u>s rjvBciT eVe?. 
Ti 8' J ov)( 6 irpea^vs HoXv^ns eyKpnrijs en ; 
ov drjT , eTiei viv OdvaTOs ev Tacfinis e)(ec. 
Ttats eiuui • rj TedvrjKe TloXvlUns, m yepov ; 
el pf] Xeyco TdXrjdes, d^ico davelv. 
S) irpoo'iToK , ov)^i Beanorrj Td8' wr tu^os 
fioXovaa Xf^fis ; oi 0eci>v pavrevpara, 
IV eoTe' ToiJTOv Ol8i7rovs TrdXai Tpepwv 





312 SOniOCLES, 

rov avbp ((f)evyf fxi) ktuvoi' koI vvv o8e 

irpos TTjs TV)(r]s oXcuXfv uv8e touS' vtto, 

Ocdiptis. CO (piXraTov ywaiKos 'loKdaTr]s Kapa, 40 

TL p" €^(7Tep\l/'0i 8fvpo T(i)v8e Sto/xaTtoi' • 
locdsta. (iKovf ri\v8p6i rovbe, Koi aKowei KXva>u 
TO. aipv tv tJk€i rov 6(ov pavreupara. 
Oediptts. ovTos 8e tIs ttot iari Ka\ tI poi Xeyfi j 
locasta. f< T^f Kopivdov, Trarepa rov (rov ayyiXuiv 45 

ws ovK eV ovTa YloXvfiov, aXX' oXuiXoTa. 
Oediptts. TL ^Tjs, ^ev ; avrug pot av arjprjvas yevov. 
jMess. (I Toi/TO TTparov Set p' dnayyelXai aacjias, 

(V 'larB' (Kf'ivov 6avd(Tipov ^f^rjKora. 
Oedipus. Trorepa doXoiaiv, fj voaov ^vvaXXayf] ; r.,0 

Jl/ess. upiKpa naXaia crapar evva^fi ponr], 

Oedipus, vodois 6 TXrjpav, ws eoiKev, ecpdiro, 
Jl/ess. Kul TU) paKpa yt avppfrpovpevos ;^'poi'M. 
Oedipus, (pfi ffifv, ri brjT civ, it yvvai, UKuTro'iro ris 

rrjv UvdopavTiv eariav^ rj rovs nvu} 55 

KXd^ovras opvis, hv v(j)riyr]Tu>v eyw 
KTfVflv fpeXXov Trarepa rov epdv ; o Be 0av(ov 
KfvOei, KarutBev y^j' e'yo) S' 08' evOdhe 
t"i\l/avaros eyxovs, ei n prj rcjpa nodco 
KareCpdiB' oiiTco S av Guvwv f'lrj ^ epov. 60 

TU 8 oiiv Ttapovra auXXcijioiv dfanicrpara 
Kflrai nap' "AtS?/ n6Xvf3os li^i ovoevos. 
locasta. ovKovv eyw aoi ravra npovXeyov rrdXai, ] 
Oedipus, rfxibas' eyo) he rw (jiofdo) Traprjydprjv, 
locasta. pr] viiv er avrcov pri8(v e's 6vpbv ^dXtjs. 65 

Oedipus. Kid TTOJS TU prjrpos XcKTpov ovk oKvelv pe del; 


locasta. Ti 8' tiv (po^oir civBpmTTOs w to. rtjs TV)(ris 
KpaTti, TTpovoia 6 ecTTtv ovdfvos aacpTjs ', 

flKT] Kpi'lTlCTTOV C^V, CTTCO? dvvalTO TIS. 

ai) 8' es TO. nrjrpos p-fj <f)o^ov vvptjidpara. j-o 

TToXXot yap rjbrj kov ovapacriv ^poTcou 
prjTpl ^vvqvva(T6rj(Tav. uXKa raid' otco 
Trap ov^eif iuTi, pacrra rov ^101/ (pepei. 
Oedipus. KnKws anavra ravr av e^tiprjTo croi, 

ei pr) KVpft ^(oa rj rtKoiaa' vvv 6 eTxei ^t; 

Q, naa uvdyKr], Kel koXws Xeyeis, OKve'iv. 
locasta. Kca pi]v ptyas y d(p6aXpos ol nuTpos rdcpoi. 
Oedipus, peyas, ^vviT]p'' oXXa Trjs ^axrrjs (f)6^os. 
Mess. TToias Se /cat yvvaiKos iK(^ofieia6' imep ' 
Oedipus. Mepoirrjs, yepme, IIoXv/Sos rjs WKft ptra, 80 

A/ess. Ti 8 ear iKtivq^ vp\v is (polinv (pepop ' 
Oedipus. 6iT]\aTov pavrtvpa beivttv, &> ^eve. 
Mess. rj prjTov ; T] ov)(i BepiTov aWov elbeuat ' 

Oedipus. paKicna y' elne yap pe Ao^ias noTe 

XpTJvai piyrjvai pijTpl rrjpavToii, to re 85 

TTarpcoov alpa X^P'^'- '"'*'* epais eXelu, 
u>v ovv^x >'] Kopivdos f^ (poll Tvakm 
paKpav aTTaKeiT' (vrvxais pev, dXX' opcos 

ra TWV TfKOVTUtV Oppud' T]8l(TT0V /SXeTTeil'. 

Mess. t] yap rtiS' okvcov Keideu rjcrG' dnoivToXis ; 90 

Oedipus. TTarpos re XP^C'^" M </>oi'<i'S elvai, ytpov. 
Mess. TL SrjT iyu> ovx'l roCSe tov (fjolSov cr', ava^, 

(TTfiKep evvovi rfkdov, e^eXvaclprju ' 
Oedipus, (fni pfjv X^P*-^ V ^^ a^'iav \df3ots tpov. 
Mess. Ku\ pfjv poKicTTa tovt d^pcKoprjVj oncos 95 


(Tov npos 86fiovs (\66vTos tv Tvpa^ai/ii ti. 

Oedipus. aXX ovttot eifii to7s (fivTevaaalv y ofiov. 

Mess. Z> TTol, KoKats et ^rjXos ovk tl8a>s t'i 8pas. 

Oedipus. TTcoy, w yepaie • npos 6ewv hiha<TK€ fie. 

Mess. el ravbe (fxvyets ovvfK (Is o'Uovi poXflu. loo 

Oedipus. TapSatv y( prj /jloi <{'o(/3oy e^ikOi] crrKpTjs. 

Mess. ^ fjifj pLLaa-fxa rav (fiVTevdavTcov "Kdlirji • 

Oedipzis. TOvT avro, Tvptafiv, tovto p.' flcruel (f>o(i€'i. 

Mess. up oicrda drjra irpbi BUris ovdev Tptpav ; 

Oedifms. Trcoy 6 ov\i, ttoT? y et ravSf yevvrjToiv e'(f)vv • 105 

Mess. odovveK rjv croi Hokv^os ovhev (v yevei,. 

Oedipus. 7ra>s finns j ov yap JJokv^os e^f(f)va( pe ; 

Mess. ov paWov ovf)(v roOSe Tav8p6s, nXX' 'laov. 

Oedipus. Koi ttws 6 <^vcras i^ 'ktov tm prjbevi • 

Mess. dXX' ov a eyeivar ovt eKflvos ovt eyw. no 

Oedipus. dXX avrl tov 817 7rniS<i p d)vopn((TO ' 

A/ess. 8a)p6i> nor, ladi, tu)V ipu>v -^eipuiv Xa/3o')i/. 

Oedipus. Ka6 cob cijr nXXi;? ;^f ipos earep^ev peya j 

Mess. f] yap irplv avrbv e^fTTfia' aTraibla. 

Oedipus. (TV 5 epTTo'Krjcras, ^ td;(coi' p' avroi 8i8o)s ; 115 

Mess. evpoiu vaiiaiais fv Kidaipavos tttvxcus. 

Oedipus. oaboiTTopds 8e npbi ti rovahe tovs tottovs ; 

Mess. ivravS' optiois rroipviois en«TTaTovv, 

Oedipus, noipfjv yap -qcrOa Kain Qr^reia TiKavqs ; 

Mess. (TOV S', ^ TtKVOVy (TWTTJp y{ TW TOT fV )(p('lVOi. 1 20 

Oedipus. Ti S" aXyoi Ifr^^oir' eV kuko'is pe 'Kapfiavtis • 

Mess. TToSwi/ tiv (ipdpa papTvptjrreiev ra rrd. 

Oedipus, oipoi, tI toLt dpp^nioi/ ej/WTrfty KaK(')v ; 

Mess. Xvo) a i-^ovra hiaTopnvs ttoSoiv dKpds. 


Oedipus, heivov y ov€i8os (Tnapynvcov aveiXofirjv. 125 

Mess. cocTT oivofxaadrji « Tvxrjs TniiTrjs os ft, 
Oediptis. & TTpos 6ea>v, irpos fxrjTpos, fj Trarpos, (ftpnaov. 
Mess. ovK 018 • o SoiT 8e ratr' fpov Xwoi/ (ftpovn. 
Oediptis. rj yap nap' I'iWov p! Tka^es ov8' avros rv^uv ; 
Mess. OVK, nWa Trotprjv aX\os 6kS/S&)(ti poi. 1 30 

Oedipus. Tis ovros ; 7 Karoiada SriXcbaai Xoyo) ; 
Mess. Twv Aat'ov hrjnov tis wvopd^ero, 
Oedipus. T) Tov rvpavvov rrjcr^e yiji TraXai nore ; 
Mess. p.aXtcrTa. tovtov rdv^pos ovros rjv jBorfjp. 
Oedipus. T) kc'ktt eri ^cov ovros, Sxtt Ibelv epi ] 13^ 

Mess. vptls y lipia-r elbelr ^v oinrixapioi. 
Oedipus, eariv ris iipuiv roov 7mpecrru>ra)v nekas, 

oarts Karoide tov ^orrjp' , ov efvenei, 

ei.r ovv iiT dypa>v f'ire KavBdK fl(Ti8a>v , 

OTjprjpaB , as 6 Kaipos ijvprjadai rdbe. 140 

Chorus, olpai pev ov8ev aXXov rj tov i^ dypav, 

ov Kapdrevfs TrpoaSev elai8e7v' drap 

r]0 av rao ovx rjKia-r av loKaarrj Keyoi. 
Oedipus, yvvai, vofls (Kelvov, ovriv dprlcos 

poXelv ((pupea-da tov & ovros Xe'yei ; 141; 

locasta. TIS 8' ovriv elne ; pT]8ev e'vTpanjjs, ra 8e 

pr)6(vrn ^ovXov prjoe ptpvijaBai pdrrjv. 
Oedipus. ovK av yivoiro rovd' ottcos eyo) XajBcov 

(TTjpeia roiavr ov (f)ava> rovpov yevos. 
locasta. p.f] npos 6eu>v, (Inep ri rov aavrov jiiov i;;o 

KijSei, paT(V'T>]s rnvS"' oKis vnaova iycu. 
Oedipus. Bdpaei. av pev yap ov8' e'dv rpiTrjs e'-ycb 

p.rjTp6s (}}avco rpt'SovAos, (K(f)avfl KaKr), 


locasta. ojiois mdov fioi, Xicrcrofxai' firj Spa rube. 

Oedipus. uiiK av Tndo'ijxrjv fir) ov ra6* iKjia6a.v crac^ws. 155 

locasta. Koi jjlj]v (ppovovcrd y eii ra Xacrrd trot Aeyto. 

Oedipus, ra XwcrTa to'ivvv ravrd \l dXyvvfi TrdXai. 

locasta. o) 8v(rnoTfj. , e'lde firjirore yvoirjs os «(. 

Oedipus, u^ei tis eXdcov Sevpo rov ^orrjpd fioi * 

Tavrrjv o ecne TrXovaia ^aipeiv yevd, 160 

locasta. lov loii, dvcrTrjve' tovto ydp cr fx^ 

fiovov Trpocrenrelv, uWo (5 ovnoO varepop. 

Chorus. tI iTore ^eiSrjKev, Ol8inovs, vtt uyplas 
a^arra XvTrrjs rj yvvrj ; hehoix t'^rw? 
pi] \ Trjs (TioyTrrjS rfjad dvapprj^ei kuku. 165 

Oedipus. oTTola xPllC^'- pr]yvvr<ii' rovixov 8' <7<Wj 

K(l apiKpov eari, a-jrepp I8elu ^ovXrjcropai. 
avTT) S" I'crcos, cjipopfl ydp ws yvvrj peya, 
Tt]U hvcrytveiav rrjv fprjv ulaxyveTai, 
tyu) b f'pavTUP iralba Ttjs Ti;;^r;y vepav 170 

rrfs fii 8i8ov(Tr)S ovk dripacrdrjcropai. 
TTjs yap TT€CJ)vKa p-qrpds' 01 be avyyeptli 
pijpf's pe piKpiiV Koi piyav biapicrav. 
Toioabe S* eK<pvs ovk av (^i\6oip cVt 
TtuT aXXof, ciicrre y-ij Kpadelp rovpbv yevos. 175 
[Oedipus Tyrannus, 911-1085.] 


T/ic despair of Oedipus. 

Chorus. Ovk oiS" ottcos ere (pay /rif/SonXeCrr^at KoXas. 
KptLcraoiv ydp rjada prjKeT S)p rj ^o)v TvfjjXos. 


Oedipus. (OS fJ.ev raS ov^ &>§ ecrr lipicrr eipyaiTfxivct^ 

fJLT] fl eKStSaCTKf, /LlT^Sc (Tll/^jSoilXf u' eVt. 

tyo) -yap ovK old' oy-jxacriv iroiois (SKfnciv ^ 

narepa ttot av TrpoaelSov els "AiSov /LioXa)!/, 

ov8 av ToXaivav fi-qrep , oiv ejxoi hvoiv 

ep-y ea-r\ Kpeiaaov uyj^ovqs (lpyaiTfifi>a. 

(jXV 7} reKuau 8tjt oyfns tjv e(})ip,epos, 

/^Xacrrovcr onas e'/SXaore, TrpoaXfvacrttv epoi. 10 

ov brjra toIs y efinluiv 0(1)6 akixois nore' 

ov8 a(TTV y , ovSi irvpyos, ov8e 8aip6i>coi> 

ayviXpad Ipa, twv 6 TravrXrjpoyv e'-yo) 

KaWiarr dvrjp eis ev ye rais QrjlBais rpaipus 

uTreirTeprjcr' ep.nvT6v, nvTos ivveTTcov 15 

wdflv anavras rbv da-e^rj, tov tK 6eoiv 

<})avevT avayvov Koi ye'vovs tov Aniov. 

Toidvb eya> Kj;XtSa prjvvcras fp-fjv 

opdo'is i'peWov op,pacnv tovtovs Spav • 

TjKKTTa y ' aXX el rrjs aKOVOvarjs er rjp 20 

irriyrjs 8t cotu>v (ppaypos, ovk civ i<T)(6pr}V 

TO paTTOKXfiaai rovpou aO'Kiov bepas, 

Lv Tj TV(p\6s re Koi Kkvoiv pTjdev. to yctp 

TTjv (ppovTib e^co t5}v KaKav olKelv yXvKV. 

to) Kidaipwv, Ti /x' e8e')(ov ; tI /x' ol \afiu>v 2;; 

eKTeivas ev6vs, cos ebei^a prjirore 

tpavTov avdpijTTOicnv evdev rj yeyas '. 

d) IIoXi;/36 Kin Kopivde /cat ra Trdrpia 

Xoyo) naXaia 8a)pa6' , oiop apd pe 

KoWos KQKcov vTTOvXov i^eOpii^aTe. ^o 

vvv yap KOKos r wu kuk kokShv evpicTKopai. 


S) Tpfls KfXfvdoi Koi KfKpvjXfxivrj vciTrrj 

8pvp.6s T€ Koi iTTevcoTTos iv TpinXais 68ois, 

at TovfJLuv aina ra>v efxav x^'-P^^ """^ 

inUre Trarpos, S.pd fxov p.ip,vi](rff on 35 

oV epya 8pd(xas vpiv eira deijp ta>v 

onoi' fTrpacraov avdis ; Si yajMoi ydp,oi, 

ecjivcraB' Tjpas, koi (jivTevcravTee ndXiu 

dvelre ravTov aneppa, KaTTf^ei^are 

narepas, d8f\(f)ovs, TraiSas, aip' €pcj)v\iov, 40 

vvpcpas, yvvaiKas, prjrepas re, ^^TToaa 

aicrxicTT fv dpdpojTTOiaiv epya yiyverai, 

uXX' OV yap av8dv k'aB' a prjbe 8pdu KaXov, 

oncos Tu^t'O'Ta rrpos Beav e^co pi ivov 

KaXv\f/aT, fj cjiovevaaT , rj BaXdcrcriov 45 

(Kpi-yuT , evaa prjuor {L(Toye(Td ert. 

tr, d^iQxraT dvSpos ddXiov Biyelu. 

TTiOecrBf, pr) 8ei(TT]T€. rapa yap kuku 

ov8f\s Olds re nXrjv efjLov (fyeptiv /3porwi/. 

[Oedipus Tyrannus, 1367-1415.] 


Cojistaiuy lives in rcalnn above. 

Oedipus. 'Q cftiXrar Alyecoi ttoI, p.6vois ov yiyvfrat 
dfolcTi yrjpas ovbt Kurdavflv nore, 
Tu d' (iXXa (Tvyxe't irdvG' o nayKpaTr]S XP"'"JS'- 
(pdivei pep la^vs yrjs, (fidivfi 8e a-wparos, 
6vi]<TKfi 8e TTicTTis, ^Xaa-rdvei 8 diriaria, 5 

Kui TTuevpa TuvTuv ovnoT fjvr iv dv8pdaiv 


<})iXois ^f^rjKfv ovre irpos irokiv jroXet. 

Tois fiiv yap iJ^tj, toIs S' eV va-Tepco XP""^ 

TO. TepiTva TTiK/ju yiyverai KaiiBis (j)i\a. 

Kal Toiai Qi]^ais fl ravvv firjfjLepfl 10 

KoXcbs TO. npoi ere, pvpias 6 pvpios 

Xpopos TfKVOvTai vvKTas rjpipai r twi/, 

fv ais TO. viiv ^vpcpcova de^iapara 

86pei 8ia(TK€8a)(Tiv e'/c apiKpoii Xoyov' 

Iv oxip-os (vhcov Ka\ KeKpvpfxevos veKvs 15 

\j/vxpos TtOT avTcov Bfppbv alpa TrUrat, 

fl Zevs en Zeiis, X'^ Aiu$ <^olj3os aa<pT]s. 

uKX' ov yap av8af ijSii TaKLvr^T enr], 

e'a p iV oiaiv rjp^dprjv, to aov povov 

TTKTTOP (pvXucrcrai'' kovttot Oidnrovv e'pds 20 

aXpf'tov OLKrjTrjpa bi^acrOai tottoou 

TU)v iv6db\ ('mep prj 6fo\ y\ffvaovcri pe. 

[Oedipus Coloneus, 607-628.] 

Colonies . 

EUttitov, ^epe, rdabe x^P^s 
2kov to. KpaTiara yas enavXa, 
TOP apyrjTa KoXcovov, e'pd' 
, a Xiyeia pivvptrai 

Bapi^ovaa pdXicrT drjbap 5 

xXapals VTVo (Sdcraais, 

Stranger, where you rest is the fairest spot in all our land. 
Hither Dionysus brought his ivy, Deo and Persephone their 


T * > 1 

Tov nivQiTT uuf)(ovaa kictcov 
Kcu rav u^mov deov 
(^vXXaSa fivpioKapnov dvrjXiov 

dinjufpov T€ TTcivTOOV 10 

d(l AioirvcTOs i^fiaTiVii. 
6(ais dfj.(Pmo\aiv ridi'jvais. 

6dXXfi 8' ovpavlai vtt axfos 
6 KaWi^oTpvs Kar fjpap del 15 

vapKicraos, fieydXaiv 6eaiv 
dpxalov aTe(f)avcop.\ o re 
)(pv(Taxryfis KpoKos' oi/S" avrrvot 
KpTJvai jjLivvdovaiv 

Krjtpicrov vofjiddes peedpcov, 20 

aAA auv eir rjfiaTi 
wKVTOKns TTfbiav eirivicrcrerai 
dKrjpuTO) ^vv op^pco 
<TT€pvov\ov ^Govos' ov8e Movcrdv 

Xopoi viv dTTeaTiiyr](Tav, oiS' a 25 

Xp'^o'dfios ^A(f)po8l.Ta. 

eariv S' oiov tyu> yds Aaias ovk eiraKova, 
ovS' ev Ta fifydXa AojptSt vdaco IleXoTros TTU>T70Te ^Xaarov 
cfivTfv/x d\fipa>Tov avToTTOiov, 

fyXtoiv (pol^Tjpa 8aict>v, 30 

o Tu8e 5uXX«( pLiyiara \o)pq^ 

golden flowers ; Cephisus waters it ; and to the Muses and . 
Aphrodite it is dear. To this land alone Zeus and Athene 
gave their olive ; to this first Poseidon gave his steeds, and 
the swift oars which follow the Nereids' dance. 


yKavKo.^ Trai8oTp6cf)ov (j)vX\ov iXalas' 

TO fjifv Tis ovT€ feapos ovre yfjpa 

crr]p.aii>cov dXicocret x*^/^' ntpcrai' 6 yap atei/ 6pS)v kvkXos 

Xevcraei viv Mopiov Aios 35 

Xa y^avKcoTTis 'Addva. 

(iXXot/ 8' alvou fX'^ parpOTToKfi raBe KparicrTov, 
bSupov Tov peydXov Baipovos, f iTTeti', x^'^vbs avxi]p-CL fieyiarov, 
evnrrrov, evncoXov, evQakaaaov. 

w nai Kpovov, av yap viv es 40 

TOO floras avx^p^ , ava^ lIocrfLOuv, 
miTOLcnv TOV dKeoTrjpa x<iXtv6v 
irpaiTaicn Tcncrbe KTiaas dyviais. 

a 8 evfjpeTpoi eWayX dXia X^P""' T^apanTopiva TrXdra 
OpaxTKei, Twu €KaTop,Tr68cov 45 

'Nr]pr'i8(iiV UKoXovdos. 

[Oedipns Coloneus, 668-719.] 


"OcTTis TOV TrXfovos pepovs 
XPilC^i- ■'■oi peTpiov irapeis 
(cixiv, a Kaiocrvvav (pyXda-acou 
ev ipo\ KaTddrjXos eaTac, 

firel TTuXXci peu at fiaKpai 5 

apepai KaTtdevTO 8fj 

Pray not for long life, lest it lead but to sorrow. 
For there are three stages in life; the first, foolishness; an- 



XvTras iyyvT€p(o, to. rip- 
TTOvra S' ovK &v iSotj ottou, 
orav Tii €s rfKiov necrr] 

Tov dfKovTos, oiS' (in Kopos, la-ortXtCFTOs lo 

"A'iSos ore MoTp' dwpevaios 
aXvpos (ixopos avane'cjiTjve, 
davarui es reXevrai/. 

prj (pvvai TOV anavra vi- 
KU 'Koyov' TO S', eVei (f)avji, ^5 

^rjvai Keldev oOev -nep rJKfi 
no\v bfvrepov as raxio'Ta- 
&)? (VT iiv rn viov irapjj 
Kovt^as d(ppo(Tvvas 4>epov, 

tU TrXtiyx^'? TroXdpoxOos e- 20 

^o), Tis ov Kapdrav evi ; 
(fjovoi, (TTaatis, epty, paX"') 
Kcu (pOnvos' TO re KardpepTTTOv eViXe'Xoyx^ 
TTvparov aKpares dTrpoaopiXov . 

yrjpas ti4)i>^ov, Iva Trponavra 25 

iv w rXdpav 08', ovK e'yo) pdvns, 
irdvTodfv fidpaos toy ti? 
aKTCi KvparoTr'Kr]^ ^f'/^^f-"" '^^"''f''''"') 
wf Kai rdi'Se KardKpas 3° 

Seti/ul KupaTOH-yeiff 
arat kXoj'€Ovo-ii' df\ ^vvovaai, 

other, trouble; and the third, such misery as encompasses 
this poor discrowned king. 


ax fi€V an de'Kiov Bvcrfiav, 

ai S avareXXovTos, 

al 8' dva fi((T(Tav (ikt'lv', 3;^ 

fli 8i vv^idv dnb pnrav. 

[Oedipus Coloneus, 1211-1248.] 


Hermes leads the blind king by the hand to the place of his 


XS>pov 8 , iireiyti yap pe tovk 0eov irapov, 
aTfixoipev TjSr], prjS' er fVTpeTrupe6a. 
(0 TToIfies, d)6 entaB'. eyoi yap fjyepcov 
a-(f)ap ail 7ri(f>aa-pai Kaipos, wa-nep acfia Trarpt. 
Xcopelrf, Ka\ prj y^avfT , dXX' (are pe 5 

avTov Tov Ipov Tvp^ov e^fvpflv, Iva 
p.o1p dvbpi TwSf T»/Se Kpv(p6TJvai x^^^'- 
TJJd , a)Se, rfibe ^are. Tfj8e yap ji ayei 
EppLijs 6 TTopiTos rj T€ veprepa 6e6s. 

d) <f)ws dcf)eyyes, npoade ttov ttot rjad' epov, lo 

vvv S ea-xarou aov Tovpov anTeraL de'pui. 
^8»7 yap epnat tov reXevTalov j3iov 
Kpv-^av Trap "Aidrjv, dXXa, <f)iXraTe ^ivu>v, 
avTos T€ X'^P°- ^' 1^^ TTpocTTToXoi Te aol 
(v8a[puves yfVoia-6e, kutt evirpa^ia 15 

pepvrjafff pov davovTos tvTvxf'is dei. 

[Oedipus Coloneus, 1540-1555.] 

Y 2 



The Passing of Oedipus. 

Messenger. Avdpes noXirai, ^wtohcotutcos fxev av 
TV)(oifii, Xe^as OldiTTOvv oXcoXora' 
a 8' rjv TO. TvpaxOiVT ovff 6 fiv6os fv ^pax^'i 
(ppdcrai Trapfariv ovre rapy ocr' rjv eKel. 
Choitis. oXojXe yap BvaTrjvos ; 5 

A'/essenger. cb? XfXoiTrora 

Keivov Tov ail fiiorov e^enicTTaao. 
Chorus. TTois ; apa deia Kanovco raKas Tvxf} ', 
Jifessenger. rair earlv ijSr] Kanodavpaaai Trperrov, 

W9 pev yap eV^ei'S' fipTre, Ka\ av ttov irapinv 

e'^otad , vcjirjyrjTTJpns ovbfvos (piXcov, lo 

aXX avTos Tjplv nacriv e^rjyovpevos' 

fVft 6 aCJi'iKTo Tuv KarappuKTrjv o8ov 

XoXkoIs ^aBpoim yr]6ev ippi^oapivov, 

earq KeXtvdcov iv TroKvaxiarcov pia, 

kolKov TTiXas Kparrjpos, ov Ta Qtjaecov j -, 

Tlfpidov re Kelrai ttIctt aii ^vvOijuara' 

('(p' ov peaov aras tov re QoptKiov nerpov 

KOiKrjs T d)(ep8ov Kano Xalvov Td<poii, 

Kndf^fT' fir eXvcre Svanivfls (XtoXus. 

KuTTfiT dvaas Tralbos r]va)yfi pvrav 20 

ii^drwu (PeyKfiv Xovrpd Ka\ ;^0(is' nodfv' 

TO) S' fvxXdov Ar]pTjTpos es irpoao'^iov 

ndyov poXovcra Tucrb iniaToXas naTpi 

Tci^fl TTopevcrav ^vv xpdfO), XovTpols tc viv 

iadfjTi t' i^ijaKTjcrav rj vnpi^tTai. 23 


eVet Se Trai/roy 6i;(e dpavros rj8opr)u 

KOVK rji/ er upyov ov8ev ap icp'uTO, 

KTVTxrjcre fxev Zfv? ^66vios, al be TrapQivoi 

ptyrjaaVj ws tJKovaav' fs 8e yovvara 

narpus irajoiiaaL KXaiov, ouS avUaav 30 

(TTepv(ov dpaypovs ov8e TTap.pi.r]Keis yoovs. 

6 fi' cis aKovei (pBoyyov e^ai(ppr]s niKpov, 

TTTv^as eV aiiToii xeipas eiTrev, w tskvo, 

01//C ecTT eo vp.iv Trjd ev Jjpepa Trarijp. 

tlXcoXe yap 8/) Trdira rapa, kovk en 35 

Ti^i/ SvcTTTOvrjTou e^eT d/i(^' e'fioi Tpo(j)r]v' 

(jKXrjpav pev, ol8a, TraiSes" dXX' ev yap povov 

TO. TvdvTU XiJ6t TavT enos po^drjpara. 

TO yap (piXflv ovk. eariv e^ otov irKeov 

jj ToiiBe ravSpos '4a)^i6 , ov TrjTa>p.evai 40 

TO \omhv rjbrj top ^lov did^erov. 

TOiavT en dXkijkoicnv dpcpiKeipevot 

XvySrjv eKXaiov iruvTes, ws 8e Ttpos reXoy 

y6a)V dcpiKovT ol'S' eV wpcopei ^orj, 

rjv pev cncaTTT]' ({ideypa 8' e^ai(f)i'r]i tivos 45 

^toii^ei' avTou, wcTTe iravTas dpBias 

(jTr]aaL (pojBM 8ei(TavTas e^aicpvqs Tpixas, 

KoXel yap avTov ttoXXu 7roXXa;(ij 6e6s' 

S) ovTos ovTos, Ol8nrovi, t'i peWopev 

■Xbdpe'iv ■ TTuXai hi] rdnb (tov ^pa8vveTai. 50 

o 6' wy eTn'icrdeT ck deoii KaXovpevos, 

nv8a pokdu oi ytjs livaKxa Qrjaea. 

Kdnel irpoarikOev, eiirev, w (piXop Kapa, 

86s poi X^P°^ '^'i^ niariv dp^aiav tIkvois, 


vfii'ts Tf, TraTSf?, rcode' Koi Karmveaov c;j; 

fjLTjTroTe 7rpo6&)(Tfti/ rdcrS (kuiv, TeKiiv 8 oo" tiv 

fieXXijs (f)pov(ov ev ^vfJi<pepovT avrais del. 

6 8 , ois dvrjp yevvaios, ovk oiktov fiera 

KaTTjVicrev rdd' opKios 8pd(T€iv ^evat. 

O7VC0S fie TavT ehpaaev, evdvs 0181ttovs 6o 

ylravcrai dpavpais ;!^epcr<v S)v naidav Xeyei, 

2} TzaiSe, rXdaa ^pfj to yevvaiou (ppevl 

Xwpe'iv TOTTCOV e-K Tcov8e, prj8' a prj Bepis 

Xivcraeiv tiKaiovu, prjSe (fjoovovvTcov kKvcip. 

a\\ fpnfd' u)S Tu;(toTa" ttXiji' 6 Kvpios 65 

&r](Tevs TTcipecTTU) pavddvav to. 8pa>peva. 

ToaavTU (^(nvrjcravTos flcrr^Kovcrapev 

^vpnavTfs' dcrraKTi de <jvv rots- TrapBepois 

(TTfvovTes oipapTovpfv. u)s 8 dnrjXOopev, 

Xi^'^vco j3pa)^(l (jTpa(j)iVTf9, e^aneldopev 70 

Tov avhpa, Tov pev ovdapov irupovT en, 

uvaKTa fi avTov oppuTutv eTi'icTKiov 

X^'^P iiVTexovTa Kparus, cos Seivov Tivos 

(po^ov (pavevTos ovb' dvaaxerov ^Xeneiv. 

fTzeiTa pevTOL (iaiov^ ov8e avv xP^^^t 75 

opapev avTov yrjv re TrpoaKVVuvvO' upa 

Koi TOV deav OXvpnov ev ravra Xoyco. 

popo) S OTTOLO} Kelvog wXer ov8 av eis 

OvrjTOJv (Ppdaeie^ ttXtjv to Qrjaecos Kupa. 

ov yap Tii avTov ovTe Trvp(popos 6eov 80 

Kfpuvvos (^enpa^ev ovTe ttovtio 

6veXXa KivTjQe'KTa rw tot ev xpwi>, 

aXX' ^ Tis eK 6ewv nopTios, tj to vepTepuv 


(vvovv hiaarav y^s oKvirriTOv (3(16 pov. 

avjjp -yap ov areuuKros ov8e avv voctols 85 

aXyeivus f^enffiTTfT, tJXX' el' rii /Sporcoi/ 

oavfiaaros. el Be fir] Sokco (fipovwu Xe'yeti', 

ovK av TTapfifiTjv oiai fifj 8ok(o (ppouelv. 

[Oedipus Coloneus, I579-1666.] 


Ytti/' 68vvas d8aris, "Ynve S' dXyecov, 
(vaes Tjpiv e'Xdoii, 

ofipaai S' avTiaxoii 

rdvb aiykav, a TeraTai. ravvv. 

161 161 p.01 TTaiaiu. 

[Philoctetes, 827-832,] 


Philoctetes deprived of his bow. 

Philoctetes. Q, rrvp av koi rrav SeT/xa Ka\ navovpylas 
deivris T€)(^vr]p exBiarov, ola /x' dpydaa), 
oi' T]ndTT]Kas' ov8' eTrai(T)(^vvei. p opcov 
Tov TTpomponaiov, tov iKerrji'^ w trvtrXte " 
dnecTTtpriKas rov (ilov ra t6^' i\<au. 
an68os, iKfovpai. a , dnobos, 'iKereiiu). reKvov. 
Tvpos 6eS)V TTarpaxxiv, r6i> jSlou pf pdcpeXrjs, 
copot TaXas. dXX' ovde npoa^divfi p sti, 


dXX' wy ixf6T](T<ov fii'jTvod , w8 ()pa ttoKiv. 

2> Xifxfves, o) Trpo/SX^rer, o) ^vvovalai, lO 

6r]pu)V opeionv, 2) Karappcoyfs neTpai, 

vfiiu TaS', oi) yap aWov old orw Xcyo), 

dvaKKaiofiai ivapoixn to1% eladoaiv, 

oV epy 6 TTois II edpaaev oi^ A;i^iXXeo)ff. 

Ofjioaas dna^eiv otxaS', fs Tpoiav p. ayci* 15 

TrpoaBfLS re x^^P** 8f$i-av, to. To^a fiov 

if pa \a^av Toi) Ztjvus 'UpaKkeovs ex^'» 

Koi Tolcriv 'ApyfioLcn (f)Tjva(T6ai 6tXei, 

cus avop eXcoi/ tcrxvpov e/c piay p. ciyfi, 

KOVK 018* ivaiputv veKpbv, t] kottvov crKiav^ 20 

f18(o\op «XXcoj. oil yap au adevovrd ye 

eiXe'i' p!' i-nii olK av hb' ex"'^'''^ ^' M"? ^o^?* 

viij/ S* T)7ruTr] bvapopos. ri xph M ^P"" • 

dXX* dn'ofioj. dXXci I'Ci' er iv cravrai yei/oi}. 

Ti <f)^s ; (TicoTray. ov8iV dp 6 dvapopoi. 25 

S (TX^pi TTfTpas SiVuXoi', otitis av TrdXti/ 

fla-fipi Ttpos ae \//iXo9, ovk e'xwJ' rpo'^i]v' 

dXX' avavovp-ai rwS' fV aiiXiw- /xdi'09. 

OV TTTrjvov opviv, ovbe drjp' opfi^uTrjv 

ru^ois evaipoov Toiai8', dXX avroi raXas ^o 

Bavoiv irape^o) 8ald' vcj/ (ov e(j)epl36prjv, 

Ka'i p.' ovs (6r]p<ov Trpoade 6j]pd(T0vai vvv' 

d>6vov (povov 8e pvcrmv tktco rciXas 

TTpbs Tov SoKoiiuTos ov8ev elSivai kokov. 

0X010 p.r} 770), np\p pudoip! el Ka\ nuXiu 35 

yv6ip.r]v p.fToi(rfcs' (I 8e p.rj, 6uvoii kukoos. 

[Philoctetes, 927-962.] 



Woman's life. 

"^vv S ovbiv ilfii )((opii, dXKa ttoWukis 

e^Xf^a ravTjj rrjv yvvaiKt'iav (pvaiv, 

(i)S ov8ev icrfiev' ol, viai fiei> iv Trarpos 

fjdi(rTov, oifiai, ^(x)fjL€v avOpunruiv ^lov' 

TepTTvas yap U€i TrdvTas avoia Tpe(f)€i. 5 

OTav S* is i]^T]v i^iKcapifff ev(Ppoues, 

oidovfxed^ €^(o Koi 8i€p.Tro\cL>p.eda 

6€U)i> 7TaTpa>u>p Ta>v re (pvcravTcnv ano, 

ai pev ^ivovs trpos I'ivSpas, al 8e l3apj3apovs, 

al 8 els urjdr] 8a)pad\ al S* enippoda, 10 

/cat ravT , inii8av evcppovr/ C^v^r] pla, 

Xpeap inaivfiv kcil hoKeiv KoXas ex^'"' 

[Fragment 517.] 


Love is all tilings and in all. 

Q. TraiSe?, j^ rot KvTrpif ov KinrpLS pwov, 
aX\ eari ttoWwv ovoparuiv inrnvvpos. 
i'aTiv pep "AiSr/j, ccrrt 8' a<p6iTos ^ia, 
f(TTip 8e \vaaa p.aivas, eari 8' Ipepos 
ciKparos, ear cilpoypos. ep Ke'ivij tu nav, 5 

(T7rov8aiop, i](TV\aLop, es ^iap ayop. 
epTTjKeTai yap irvevfxopuip ouols epi 
'^vxT], Tis ov)(\ Trj(r8e Ti]i 6eov 0opd ; 
elaepx^erai pep l^dCap ttXcoto) yepei, 


vcofia S iv ol(i>voi(Ti TovKeivqs iJTepov, 

iv Orjpaiv, iv ^poToicriv, ei> Seols livco. 

Tiv ov Trakaiova (s rpls eK/3uXXei 6(oi)v j 

ft fj.01 depis, 6(jxis he TokrjQr] Xeyeiu, 

Atof Tvpavvfl TTVfvp.oucoV livfv 8op6s, 15 

avfv (TiSrjpov Tvavra rot crvvTfp.vfTai 

Kvnpis TO. BvqrSiV koi deaiv ^ovXeiifxara, 

[P"ragment 678.] 


Fortune changes as the moon. 

AXX ovpbs ae\ noTfios fv nvKvai 6eov 
rpo^u) KVKXflrat Kiii pfTciWutrcrfi (pvcriv. 
axTTTfp (TfKi]vrji S o^^ir (vcppuvas 8vo 
(TTijvai dvvaiT av ovtvot iv pop(pf] pui, 
dXX' e'^ dbr/Kov irpwrov i'pxfTai vta 5 

TTpocrcona KaXKwovcra kul Tr\T]povp.evri, 
■j^inTaviTfp avrrjs evytvecrTarrj (fiavTj^ 
TToXiv diappel Kuni iJ.t]8(v epx^erai. 

[Fragment 713.] 



E u r i p ides. 

Song of the watch of Rhesus' camp before Troy. 

Tivos a. (jjvXaKa ; tis ajxei^ei 

rap efidv ' TTpcoru 

BiifTai (TTjfiela Koi eTTTanopoi 

nXeiaSes aWepiai, fitcra 8* aleros ovpavov TroTarai. 

eypeade, ti peXXere ' koltuu s 

eypeade irpos (^vkaKav. 

ov Xev(jareT€ prjvddos a'iyXav ; 

acos ori neJias aa>s 

yiyverai, Kai res TTpo8p6pa>u o8e y icTTiv dcrTTjp, 

Km fxfjp dio), 2t/idej/ros lo 

fjpeva Koiras 

(poiviai vpvii TroXv}(op8oTdTa 

yripv'i TratSoXeVwp peXonoios drjBovls p.epip,vas. 

rjbrj 8e vefiovai kut "l8av 

TToipina' vvKTijBpnpov 15 

(Tvpiyyoi idv KaraKovo)' 

BeXyei, 8' opfMaros eSpav 

vnvos' aSioTos yap e^a ^XfCfidpois npos dovs. 

[Rhesus, 527-537. and 546-556.] 



MedecCs soliloquy. 

Medea. Apdaco raS'" aXXa ^aive bcay-arav faco, 
Koi irmcrl nopavv oia xp^j Kaff fjfifpav. 
S) TtKva TeKva, cr0a)i' ptv ecrrt 8^ ttoXis 
Kcii 8o)fi , ev a> XmovTfs ddXiav epe 
niKTjafT del /jrjTpos icmprjpivoc 5 

fyo) 8' is ItKKrjV ynlav elpi Bt] (jivyas, 
TTp'v (r(f)(av ovaaBai KUTri8(li' evSmpovas, 
i:p\v XeKTpa /cat yvvaiKa koi. yaprjXiovs 
evvas dyqXai XapTrdSas t' dvaa-xedflv. 
S) SvaraXaiva Tijs ep^s avdadias. 10 

aXXas ap' vpas, S> tikv, (^(dp€\j/upT)v, 
aXXas S ipo^dovv kcii Kare^dvdrjv irovois, 
crreppus eveyKovcr tv tokois aXyrj^ovas. 
■q prjv TToff f) 8vaTr]vos eixov eXTtidas 
TToXXus eV iip'iv yrjpo^oaKTjafiv t epe 15 

<«i Kar6avov(Tav x^pc^^" f^ TrepioreXftf, 
^i]Xci)t6u dpdpwTTOiai' vvv S oXooXe df] 
yXvKf'ia (jipovris. a(po)v yap i(TTepT]pevr) 
Xxmpbv Sid^o) ^ioTOV dXyavov t' ipoi. 
vpfls 8e prjTfp' ovKiT oppacriv (f)iXois 20 

Qyjrfcrff, is aXXo <T\T]p unoardvTfs fiiov. 
<}){v (jail' Tt irpoabepicfaOe p' oppaaiv, TtKva I 
rl npoaryeXuTe tov iravvaTarov yeXcov ; 
alai' TL Bpdcrco ; Kapbia yap oi;^eToi, 
yvvalKts, oppa (pai8p<)u wj €i8op reKvaiv. 25 

ovK av bvvaip.r)v' ;^ai/)£T<u ^ovXeiipLaTU 


Ta TTpaaQiv' I'l^at TrntSay Ik yaias ifiovs. 

Ti 06t y.e narepa roivSe rois tovtcov kcikoIs 

y^vTTOvcraii avrrjv 61s Wxra KraaOai kuko. • 

oil brjT iyatye. x^ipira ^ovkevfiara. 30 

KaiToi rl 7rd(T)((i} ' ^ovkojiai yeXwr* o<^Xf Ii/ 

fxdpovs fjLfdela-a rovs efioiis d^r]p.iovs ; 

To\fiTjT€ov r«5'. dWa rrjs iixrjs KaKrjs, 

TO Kai npoifrOai fia\daKovs Xoyovs (ppfvi. 

Xcopflre, TToiSfs, es dopovs' otw Se p,r) 35 

6epis irapeivai toIs ipoicri Svpaaiv, 

avrS pf\rj(Tei' X^^P^ ^' ^^ diacpdfpio. 

a a. 

fif] brjra, 6vpe, p,f] av y epyda-rj rdSe' 

eacTov avTovs, co rdXav, (peiaai reKvcov' 

e/cet pfd' Tjpcov Ratines fvcfipavovcri ae' 40 

fui Tovs Trap Aidrj veprepovs aXdcrropm, 

ovToi TTOT fCTTai Tovff oTTcos f^dpols iycb 

naidas Tvapriaoi tovs epovs Kadv^piaai. 

TravTcoi TTiTvpuiTai. Tavra kovk eK(f)ev^fTai. 

Kai 8)) Vi KpaTi (TTecjiavos, iu TTiivkoi(rl re 45 

vvp(f)T] Tvpavvos oKkvTM, ad(f) oIS" eya. 

aXK fipi yap dfj TXrjpoveaTdrrjv 686v, 

Koi Tovcrbe nip.'^ca TXtjpoveoTfpav fTi, 

iral.8as Trpocrfinfiu ^ovXopm. 86t, w TtKva, 

86t dawdaaadaL prjrpl Sf^tav x^pc- '^o 

« (jaXTdrr] x^'P) 0tXi"aroj/ 8e poi crrdpa, 

Kai (TXf]pa Ka\ ■Kpoaumov dyeves TiKvaiv^ 

tv8at,povoLTOv, fiXX' iKel' to. 8' evdd8e 

iraTTjp dcPfCKeT. o) yXvKe'ia Trpoa^oXtj, 


w ixaXBaKos XP^^ Trvevfin 6" rjdiarov reKvcov. t^ 
XOipdre ;({opeir'* ovKer dfii Tvpoa^Xentiv 
oia T is vfias, aX\a viKajxai KaKols. 

[Medea, 1019-1077.] 



Xalpe jioi, S) (caXXiara, 

KoXXiara rau kot "OXvpTTov 

napdfvav, Aprffii' 

(Tol TovBf irXiKTou (TTecfinvou e^ dKrjpdrov 

Xet/icofo?, w beaTTOiva, K0(Tfi7](Tas (Pepco, 5 

eV^' ovre noLprjv d^iol (JHpjSfiv fioTii 

ovT fjXde TTO) cribrjpos, aXA' dKrjpnTov 

p.fXiaaa XfipSiv T]piv6v Sup^fTai' 

Ai8a)s 8e TTOTap.laiai Krjnevei dpocrois, 

orrotf diBaKTOu firiSev, oXX' ev rfj (f)va(i 10 

TO (Ta)(f)pov€lv f'CXrjxev es to. Trdvff o/xws, 

TovTois dpenffrdni, rot? kukoIctl S' ov Beyns. 

hXX', J) <^iXr] fiecTTTOti/a, ^^pucr/nj KopiTjS 

dvu^Tjpa tf^ai ;^eipos evcrffSovs utto. 

fjiovm yap fan toit ffxu\ yepas jiiporav' 1 5 

rroi KOI ^vvfipi Kol Xoyois cr dpeij^opai, 

kXvov pev av8f]V^ oppa t' ovx 6pu)v to anv. 

TfXos 8e Kapi^aip wairtp rjp^dprjv fi'iov. 

[Hippolytus, 70-87.] 



Nurse. Q, koku OvrirSiv OTvyepai re vocroi. 
Ti a eyo) 8pd(r<i) ; rl be fxrj 8pd(Ta) \ 
Tohc (TOL (peyyos Xafnrpbv, od' aWi^p' 
e§eo be bopcov rjbri pocrepds 

benvia kolttjs. c 

bevpo yap eXdelv ndv enos rjv aoi' . 
Td)(a b' es 6d\dfjiovs (nreiKTeis to ndXif. 
Ta)(v yap a-(^dXXet Kovbevl ;^ai/)fty, 
ovbe (T dpe(TKei to wapov, to b' dnov 

(plXTepov rjyel. lo 

Kpe'uTcrov be voaeiu j; Bepmreveiv' 
TO fiev eCTTiv drrXovv, tw be crvvdnTei 
XvTTT] Te (ppevoiv x^pa-'iv Te irovos. 
TTa? b ubvmjpos /Si'o? dv6panu>v, 
KovK ecTTi TTovoiv amTravcTis' 1 = 

iiXX 6 TL Tov ^7]v (piXTepov oXXo 
aKOTOs apTri(T)(a>v KpvnTei vetpeXan. 
bvaepcoTfs brj <j)aiv6p,ed^ ovres 
Tovb , oTi TovTo <TTiXj3ei Kara yijv, 
bi dneipncrvvrjv iiXXov ^loTov 20 

KOVK aTTobei^iv tuiv vno yalas' 
fjiv6ois 8' ciXXan cpepopeada. 
Phaedra, aipere pov bipas, opdovre Kdpa' 
XeXvpai peXecov avvbetrpa, (piXat. 
Xd^fT einrjxeis x^^pas, TrponoXoi. 
^apv poi KfcpaXds eniKpavov exfiv 25 


(i0fX , ap-TTfTaaov ^6aTpv)^ov oifiois. 
Hurse. 6dp(T(i, reKvov, Kin fifj ^(^nKenais 
lieTajSaWe Se/xnf. 

jjaov 8e v6(Tov fura 6" tjctv^lus 

Koi yfvuaiov "KrjfiaTos oiaeis' 30 

poxQiiv he ^poToidiv dvayKr). 
Phaedra, aial' 

TTtor av Spoafpas utto KpT]vl8os 

Kadapav vSaTcoi' iTu>p, upvcraifjiav, 

VTTo T aiyeipois ev re Kop.T]Trj 35 

Xfipayvi K\i6e7(r dvanavaaifiav. 
Nurse. w nai, t'i dpods • 

oil fif] Trap' o)(kci> TtiSe yrjpva-ei, 

fxavias tTTOxov piTTTOvaa Xoyov ^ 
Phaedra. irejineTi p. els opoi' eipt Tvpos vKav 

Koi. irapa TrevKas, 'iva drjpo^povoi 40 

(TTfl^OVai KVVfS, 

(SaXiais eXu<pois iyx^pipmropiva' 

npos 6fSjv, epap-ai Kvai daiv^ai, 

Koi. Tvapa xolrav ^avdav pi^ai 

QfacrdKov opnaK, fiTiKoy\oi> exova 45 

iv x*tp' iSe'Xo?. 
Nurse. ri rror', w reKuov, T(i8e Kqpaivfis ; 

tL KvvT]yfai(t)u koi troi fjLfXerr) ; 

ri hk Kprjva'iuiv vaapuv epacrai • 

TTapa yap dpocrepu TTvpyon avvexfjs 50 

kXitvs, odev croi jrupa yevoiT av. 
Phaedra. 8f(T7Toiv' aXlas "Aprepi Aipvas 

K(u yvpvacrioiv twv ImroKpoTuv, 


fi^e ytvoifiav iv aols danedois, 

TTcoXovs EvfTas Sa/xaXtfo/iei/a. ^e^ 

Nzirse. tl t68 av Trapd(ppa)v eppcvp'o? IVo? • 
vvv 8i] fiiu opos l3d(T errl drjpas 
nouov ecrreWov, vvv 8' av '^a^i.u6oi£ 
err uKvpavrois TrcciKcov epaaai. 

rd8f fiavTeias a§ia TroWrjs, 60 

ocTTis ere 6eaiv dvaaeipci^d 
Koi TTapaKonrei (ppevas, S> nai. 

[Hippolytus, 177-23S.] 

Artemis parts from her dying companion. 
Artemis. "EacroV ov yap ov8e yrjs vtto ^ocpop 
6eas arifioc KiinpiSos (k npodvpias 
6pya\ KaTaaK7]\jrov(nu es to <t6v Se'/iiaj, 
arjs evae^eias Kayadrjs (ppfvos X^P'"- 
eyco yap avTrjs aXXov i^ eprj? X^P^^ 5 

OS av paXLcrra (piXraTos Kvpf/ fipoTwv 
robots iKpvKTOis ToicrSe Tip-coprja-opai. 
(ro\ 8 , S) raXaiTToyp' , dvrl rcovbe ra>v kukcov 
Tifias p,eyi(TTas iv TrdXft Tpoi^rjvia 
oaxrci)' Kopai yap a^vyes ydjiav rrapos 10 

KOfias KepovvTal croi, 81' aloivos p-anpov 
TTfvBr} p,eyi(rTa SaKpvcov Kapnovpevco, 
aei 8e povaoTToios es ere Trap6ivu>v 
earai pepipva, kovk dvmvvpns necraiv 
epujs 6 i^alSpas es ere (nyT]6t](Terai. 15 

(TV S", M yepaiov reKvov Atye'ws, AaiSe 

.^3fi EUR ir IDES. 

crov TralS' iv dyKaXaicTL Kai TrpocrfKKvcrai. 
uK(x)V yap aXeads viv' dvBpwTToicn 8e 
deav diSovrcov eiKos i^apaprdveiv. 
Koi (Toi Trapaivo) Trarepa fji.f] (JTvye'iv aidev, 20 
'iTnroXvT' e'xfis yap poipav 7) 8i€(()6dpr]i . 
Ka\ xo'p'' fV"' 7"P °^ dep-is (pdiTovs opav, 
ovB opfia xptii-'^fi'V davacnpLOicriv eKTrvoals' 
opco fie a fjbrj TQvhe nXTjcriov KaKov. 

Hippolytus. ^aipovaa koi av arf^x^, irapBiv oX^ia' 25 

fiaKpap 8e XeLTTOLS paBicos opiXiav. 
Xvco 8e ve'iKos Trarpl XPuC'^^^^^ atdev' 
KOI yap TTapoiOe crols eTretSopijv Xuyois. 
alal' Kar oacrav Kiyxdvei fi i']8r} aKOTOs. 
Xa^ov, Trdrep, p-ov, Ka\ Karopdcocrov de'pas. 30 

Theseus. wpoi^ TtKvov, tI bpas pe tuv hvubaipova ', 

Hippolytus . oXcoXa, Ka\ drj veprepcov 6pS) nvXai. 

Theseus. t) ti)v iprjv avayvov iiiXmiiv (ppeva ; 

Hippolytus . oh Brjr, iuel cre tovS" fXevdepco cpovov. 

Theseus. tI (pj'/s ; d(}}irjs a'lparos p eXevdepov ; 35 

Hippolytus. TTjv ro^uBapvov "Aprepiv paprvpopai. 

Theseus. S) <ptXTa6\ as yivva7os fK(j)aivei narpi. 

Hippolytus. S) x^'P^ '^'^'- ^^j X"^P^ ttoXXu poi, Trdrep. 

Theseus. &p.oi (j)pfv6s (t^s (va-fjiovs re Kciyadrjs. 

Hippolytus. T0i(t}v8e iraiboiv yvrjaicov ev^ov Tv^f^v. 40 

Theseus. prj vw irpohuis pe, tskvov, uXXu Kaprepei. 

Hippolytus. KiKapripryrai Tap' oXwXa yap, itdrep' 

Kpxf^ov hi pov TTpoaunov w? rd^os TrenXois. 

[Hippolytus, 1 4 16-1458.] 


Alceslis dying for Adiuettis and her children, 
.ikes/is. OjJU) diKconoi' 6pu> aKd(f)os, 

ViKVUtV fie TTOpOfliVS 

i'xcov x^P f'^i't KOVTOi Xiipuv fjL yjdi] KaXel' " tl 

fireiyov' <jv KoTeipyeis rdBe' ' Tola cmepxop-fvos 
Adniehis. oipoi' TriKpav ye T-qvhe poi vavKKTjpiav 5 

i'Xe^as. o) dvadatpov, ola Tra(T)(op.ev. 
Akestis. A-yet p. ayet jue rtr, ov^ Spas 5 

veKV<av is avXhv 

vn 6(ppv(n Kvavavyea-i ^Xencop iTTepaTos "Aidas. 

Tl pe^eis ; u(pes. oiav 6S01' d hiikawTaTa npo- 
fiaivoi. 10 

Admettis. oiKxpav (piXoiaiv, ek 8e Ta>v /xdXtor' e'^ttol 

Kcu naiatv, oh 8?) irivBos eu Koivot rode. 
Alcestis. Me'^ere peBere p ijhiy 

kXivot , ov adepco nocriv — 

TTXrjaiov "AtSas — 1 5 

CTKOTLa S' in oacrois 

vv^ icpipnei, 

TiKVa TiKV , OVK€Tl SlJ 

ovKeri paTJjp (TCpciv ecTTiv. 

XaipovTa, a TtKva, rdSf (^aoi opcorop. 20 

[Alcestis, 252-272.] 

Z 2 




"Ap^ara fiev rciSe Xafinpa Tedpimruiv 

lyXto? t'l^ri Xdpnei Kara yrjv, 

aarpa Se (pevyei -rrvpl raS" aldepos 

es wx" ifpav, 

UapvTjo'iddes S' (ij3aToi Kopvcpai 5 

KaTaKapLTrofievai, ttjv ijfiepiav 

&\ln8a ^poToicTi 8exovTat. 

(Tp.vpvT]': 5' dvvbpov KaTTVos els opnfpovs 

'Poiliov TT€T€Tm. 

6d(T<Tei. be yvvrj TpiiroBa (ddeov 10 

AeXcjbis', dfidov(T' "EWtjo-i jiocis, 

as au 'AttoXXcoi' Kekadrjcrrj. 

aXX', w ^olI3ov AeX(^oi depmrfs, 

Tas KaaraXlas dpyvpotidfls 

^aipere 8ivas, Kadnpais 8e 8p6<T0is 15 

d(pv8pavdfievoi crT€L)(eTe vaovs' 

CTop-a T (vcfiTjp.oi' ({ipovpeiv dyadov, 

(prifxas T dyadas toIs iQekovaiv 


yXaxTCTTjs I8ias dno(^alveiv. 20 

Tfp.eis 8(, TTovovs ovi €< Traifio? 

The sun is mounting : I sec the glow on the sacred peaks : 
and now begins the incense-cloud to soar within the temple, 
for a high day in Delphi is dawning, and to-day the priestess 
of Phoebus prophesies to the tribes (1-12). 

Delphians, servants of my lord, bathe in Castalia, speak 


34 ^ 

fxo)(6uvfiev «€(, TTTOpdoiai Sc'Kpvrjs 

(rTf(p€aii> & Upols eaobovs ^oljSov 

Ka6apas Orjaofxev vypals re TTftov 

paviacv voTfphv, TTTrjvoiP t dyiXas, 25 

ai ffkanrovfTiv 

(Tffiv civadrjfiaTa, To^oicriv fficiis 

(ftvyudas 6i](rofX€V as yap dfirjrcop 

umjTcop re yfyo)? rovs dptyj/avras 

i'oi^ov vaoiis depmrevco. 30 

(ly d) verjdaXis a> 
KaX\i(TTas TrpoTToXevfia 8d(f)vaf, 
d Tuv <^olI3ov 6vp.eXav 
craipeis vno uaols 

Ki]TT(x>v i^ dBavdroiv, 3:; 

Lva bpoaoi riyyovcr lepai 
* TUV devaov nayav 

fivpcrivas Updv cf)6l3av, 

a craipui 8dne8ov 6eov 40 

Travapapios dp! diKiov nrepvyi 60a 
Xarpfvuv TO Kar rjpap. 
Si Tlatdv S) Ilaidv, 
fvaicov fiaioiv 
('l7]S, S) AUTOVS TToi. 45 

good words to-day. Mine is the office with bays and sacred 
flowers to deck the threshold of Phoebus, with water to purify 
Ills floor, and with my bow and arrows from his statues to 
scare the birds ; for he is my lord and my father to me, the 
fatherless servant in his temple (13-30). 


KaKi}V ye tov ttovov, <b 
4>ot/3f, crot Trpo 86fxa)v \aTpeva), 
TiyiSiv pavTelov ebpaV 

kXcIVOS 6' O TTOVOS /xoi, 

Beoicriv bovkav ^ep e')(€iv, 50 

OX) Ovardis, dX\' a.6avaT0L<;' 

({/(plipOlS Se TTUVOIS po)(6(lv 

<I>or^ds pioi yeveroip TvciTijp' 

TOV ^oaKOVTu yap evXoyo}. s;^ 

TO 8 cocpeXipov ep.01. TraTepos bvopa Xeyco 

^oi^ov TOV KaTO. vaov. 

u) Ilaiav S> naiav, 

evaicov elaiav 

tl1]S, 2> AOTOVS TTflt. 60 

dXV eKiravaco yap fioxOovs 
8n(f)vas oXkois' 
)(pvtT€a)V 8 €K Tev)(iU)y pi\\/ui 
yaias irayav, 

nv aTTO^^fvom-ai 65 

KaaToKias 8lvni, 
voTepov v8cop /3dXXa)!/, 
liaids (itt' (vvas a>v. 
(1.6 ovTcos ae\ $oi;3w 

So first with young Ijay leaves I sweep thy nlt.-ir, with 
myrtle tresses thy floor, O Paean, Leto's son. Shall I not be 
proud of my service when it is Phoebus whom I serve, my 
father that feeds me with his bounty (31-60) ? 

Now pure water of Castalia I sprinkle, with heart as pure. 


Xarp^xKav [if] navaai^av, ^ 70 

TTav(Taifj.av dyada fioipq. 

ea ta. 

(poiToio-^ ^8r] Xeinova-iv re 

TTTami Ilappaa-ov koitos' 

av8a) 1X1] ;cp('yx7rreti' OpiyKois 75 

firiS" fs xpvcri}p(is oiKovs. 

pdp\ly(o a ai) robots, d) Zrjvoi 

Krjpv^, upvidmv yap<f)r]\ali 

l(T)(VV VlKOiV. 

oSe 7rpo9 BvjieKas aWos ipiacret. 80 

KVKVoi' ovK aX\a 

CJ)oii/iKocf)ari TTo'Sa Kivrjaeis ', 

ovSeu <j a (poppiy^ a $oi/3ou 

avppoXnos To^uiv pvaair aV 

ndpnye TTrepvyas' 85 

Xijuras €77t'/3a tus ArjXiabos' 

alpd^fis, fi pt) Trelcrei, 

Tiii KaWi(f)66yyovs (oBds. 

Tt'ff 08' opvlQcdv KaLvos TTpocTifia \ 90 

p.5iv vnb dpiynovs evvaias 
Kap(f>r]pai ffrjcrccv reKvois ', 
yp-aXpoL o" fip^ovcrtv to^cov. 

And now see the birds come flocking from their haiints on 
the hills. Away ! away ! crook-beaked eagle ; row hence, 
purple-sandalled swan. Away ! far hence to where Alpheius 
swirls, to the Isthmian dales, you that would nest in the 
temples' eaves. Away ! lest I harm you against my will. 


ov TTfiafi ', x^P^" ^^ bivais 

Toii *AX<^6toC watdovpyei, 95 

^ vdnos Icrdixiov, 

ws dvadt'jfjiaTa fir] ^XuTTTrjTai 

vaoi 6' oi ^oi^ov. 

KTeiveiv S' viids alBovfiai. 

Tovs 6eu>v dyyeXXoiTus (f)dfiaf 100 

SvuTois. ois S' eyKfifiaL fio^Oots, 

<i>oi^a} 8ovX(iiaa>, kov Xj^^co 

TOVS ^6(TK0VTas depanevav. 

[Ion, 82-1 S3.] 

T//e potucr of vmsic. 

'Opeta TTore bpopcibi KtoXcp 
p.uTqp 6eu>v eavOr] 
av vkavTa vdirq 
TTOTdp.Lui' re x^^M y^drav 

^api(iipoij.6i' re Kvp. oXlov 5 

TTo'^o) rds dnoixopivas 
dppi]Tov Kovpas' 
KpdraXa 8e ^p6p.ia bianpvaiov 
Ifvra KeXa8ov dvelSoa, 

Gripwv ore ^vytovs lO 

^(v^daa 6(h aarlvas 

All this I do for Phoebus' sake, and I will never weary, for 
he it is that cares for me (61-103). 

When the mighty mother sought Persephone through the 
earth, shrill clangour of cymbals fed the frenzy which hurried 


Tov apnaaBe'icrav kvk\icl>v 

Xopuiv e^Q) TTcipOfvlwv 

fjLfTa Kovpai luXkouobfs, 

& jjLiV To^ots" KpTtp-is, a 8' 15 

fyX^'- Topyo)na TrdvoTrXos 

* * * 

avyd^oiv f^ ovpaviav 
aWav poipav eKpaive. 

hpopa'iwv S" ore TroXvTrKavrjTcov 
puTTjp fnavae ttovoiv 20 

fiarevova-' dnopovs 
Bvyarpbs dpirayas SoXiovs, 
Xiopodptppovas S' (Trepaa 
'Ibaidv l^vpcfmv (tkottk'is' 

piTTTei 8' fv TTei/dei 25 

TTerpiva Kara 8pia TroKvvKpea' 
(ipoTo'iai 8 a)(\oa 7rf8ia -yas 
ov KapTTi^ova dpuTOis 
Xaav <p6eip€L yevedv' 

TTOifivai'; 8' oii^ lei daXepas 30 

^oaKcis ev(pvXXo)v eXiKuv' 
TfoXiuiv 8 dneXenre jBios, 
ov8' rjaav dtwu dvaiai, 
^cofj.o1s t' cicpXeKTOL TreXapoi' 
TTTjyds T upnavfL 8po(Tfpds 35 

XtvKoov €KJSdXX(iv iSdroiv 

her over hills and seas, till weary of the unavailing search 
she hid away in the mountains and all nature sickened for 
want of her fostering care. 


7rei>6ei TratSos dXaoro). 


Sfoii ^poTfiay re yevei. 

Zevs iieiXi(Taa>v aTvyiovs 40 

fMarpos opyas everret, 

fiare. crtp-vai Xapires, 

ire, TCI 7Tep\ rrapdeva 

Atjoi Ovpaxrafiiva 

\vT:av e^aWu^ar aXav, 45 

MoCfrat ff vfivniai )(opa)v' 

XO-Xkov t avBav )(6ovlav 

TvTTava r eXafSe ^vpcrorffrj 

KciWicrra t6t€ Trpcora paKupoiv 

Kvrrpis, yi\aaiv re 6fa ~,o 

Se^aro r e's X^P'^ 

fjapv^pnpnv avKov 

TepcpOelcr^ a\aXayp.ui. 

[Helene, 1301-1352.] 


T/ie crime of Thyestes. 
AraXas vtto parepos 
^Apyeiciiv opeoiv Trore KXrjScov 
fv TToXuuaL ptvd (firjpais 
evappoarois (i> KuXcipois 

Then Zeus sent divine ambassadors with other music ; and 
as the deep roar of the brazen drum and the flute's low tones 
filled the void of her sorrow, she smiled again. 

When Atreus and Thyestes claimed the throne and waited 
for a portent to shew heaven's will, Pan led a golden lamb 


Tiava \iovaav f]8vdpoop 5 

TTveovT ^ ayputv rafiiav, 

Xpvainv apva KaWnrXoKOfjiov jropevaui' 

TtiTplvois T iirimas 

Kapv^ lu-X^'- fiuSpoii, 

ayopav dyopav, MvKr]va7ot, 10 

<TTei)(jeTe iiaKaplav u^j/opevot Tvpavvcav 

(pdapara, Sfipara. 

XOpoi 8 ArpfiSdu iytpaipov oiKovi' 

dvpeXai S' fTTiTPavTO ^^pucr- 
tjXaroi, aeXayeiTo 8' dv' acrrv 15 

niip ini^copi-ov 'Apyeioiv' 
X(ot6s 8e (pdoyyov KeXadei 
KaXXiarov, Movadv depdncov' 
puXnai 6' Tjij^ovT' eparaX 

Xpvaeas dpvbs, cos eniXoyoi Qviarov' 20 

KpvcpLuii yap evvais 
■ TTfiaas dXoxov (f)iXav 
'Arpfcos, repas eKKopi^ei Trpos 
Smpara' veopevos 8' els dyopovs avret 
rdv Kepoecraav e- 25 

X^iv ;(pi'cro/iaXXoj' Kara 8S)fia TTOifivav. 

Tore 8f] t6t€ cjiaev- 
ray aarpav pereiSaa oSoi/s 
Zeiif Kai (jieyyos aeXlov 

into Atreus' fold. But when the people were gathered to sec, 
the heralds proclaimed Thyestes king, for Thyestes had be- 
guiled his brother's wife and stolen the lamb. Then Atreus 
took such vengeance that the sun turned back in the heavens. 


\iVK6v re 77p(j(TU)TTOv a- 30 

ovs, TO. 8 euTTipa va)T iXav- 

vei Bepfxa (pXoyl deoTTvpco, 

Vf(f)e\ui S' evvBpoi -npos np- 

KTov ^rjpai. T 'App.covi8es e- 

8pai <^6lvov<j dnfipodpoaoL, 35 

KaX\i(TTa)v op.^p(i>v 8i66eu (TTepelaai. 

Xe'ycrai, rai/ Se ttI- 

<TTLV apiKpav Trap" e'poiy e;(fi, 

(TTpey^cu Beppav atkiov 

Xpvamnov edpav aXXci- " 40 

^avTa SvoTVx^ia fipoTsi- 

0) dvarus eufKfv diKas, 

(pol^epol 8e jSpoTo'iai fiv- 

601 Kepdos npos deau QepaTTfl- 

as' a)V ov noaiu 45 

KTfiveis, KXeivoip avyyevereip abeXcpuiv, 

[Electra, 699-746.] 



'i2 'S.epeXas Tpot^oi 0^- 
fiai (TTeCJiavovade KKraat' 
Ijpvere ^piiere )(koT)peL 
pikaKi KaXkiKclpnco, 

Well had it been for Clytemnestra had she bethought her 
how crimes like hers prospered with her forefathers. 

Dance, Thebes, Semele's nurse : soon the whole earth shall 



Kai Kara^aKxiovade 8pv6s c 

7] eXfiray KXdSotrrt, 

(TTIKTUIV T fv8vTa Uf^pidcOV 

(TT€(peT€ \evKOTplxoiv irKoKcijiuyv 

fiaXKoli' afifjil 8e vdpdrjKas v^pi- 

crras Scrtovad ' aiiriKa ya aacra )(opfvaei, lo 

Bpopios orav ciydyj] didcrnvs 

fis opos fls opos, 'dv6a fxivei 

6T]\vy€VT]s o)(\os 

a(ji laTaiv Tvapa KfpKi8a>v t 

oiaTprjdeis Aiovvcr<o. i r 

d) 6a.\dp,€vpa Kovprj- 
TOiV ^aOiov re KprjTas 
AioyfveTopes evavXoi, 
rpLKopvdei ev6' iv avrpon 

^vpaoTOVov KVKkajjLa rode 20 

pot Kopv^avres evpov' 
avd Se ^dK)(ia (tvvtovq) 
Kepacrav d5v/3oa ^pvyiau 
aiiXav nvevpari, parpos re 'Peas 
fs X^P^ 6r]Kav, KTVTTOv fmia-paai jSaKxdv 2:; 

Trapa Se patvopevoi crdrvpot 
panpos (^avvaavTO deas' 
fs 8e ■xPP^'vpaTa 
avvTJyj/av TpieTrjpiBcov, 
ois X°'P^' Aiovva-os, 30 

T]8vs iv ovpeaiv, oTav 

dance, when Dionysus, with the wild music Rhea gave, 


eK didawv Bpofialav 
near] TreSocre, ve^pi8os e^coi» 
Upov evSvTov, uypevcov 

aipa TpayoKTovov, wpocfidyov xdpi.v, 35 

Ufxevos els opea ^piyia, Avhia, 
6 S* e^apxos Bpopios, (vol. 

pel 8e ydKoKTi -nebov, pel S" oXva, pel be peXiaaap 
veKTapi, Svpias 8' as Xi^dvov Kanvos. 
6 BaKxevs 8' e'^cov 40 

TTvpaaBr} (pXdya TrevKas 
eK vupBrjKos dlaaei, 
8p6po), x^povs epedi^oiv TrXavdras, 
laxals T dvandXXai/j 

rpvcpepov nXoKapov els aWepa pi-muiv. 45 

[Bacchae, 105-150.] 


The Bacchants. 

AyeXata pev ^oaKrjpar apri npos XeVaf 
p6ax<>>v vrre^TjKpi^op, rjvlx rjXios 
uktIvus u^ir](Ti Qeppnivav x^''>^(i- 
opu) be 6uiaovs rpels yvvaiKeimv xop(ov, 
(ov Tjpx evos pev AvTomrj, tov bevrepov 5 

priTTjp \\yavrf arj, rplrov S' 'Ij/oj x^^P^^- 
evbov be irdaai awpacriv napeipevai, 
ai pev TTpbs eXdrrjs vcot epeiaaaai (po^rjVj 

bounds upon the hills, tossing his wanton tresses as he 


at 6 eV 8pv6s cjivWoKTi irpos rreSoi Kiipa 

fiKT] ^akovcrai acocPpovas, ov^ ms crv (fit/s 10 

tovcopevas KpuTrjpL koi Xcotov yf/-6(f)o) 

Brjpav Ka6^ v\r]v Kvnptv rjprjpapevas. 

1] at) 8e prjTT]p oiXoXv^ev iv pecrais 

crradflaa ^UK^nis, i^ vnvov KLvfiv bepas, 

pvKijpad^ Cos tJKOvae Kepocfiopcov jSowv. i ;; 

al 8 aTTofiaXovaai SaXepov oppdraiv vnvov 

avfj^av opda), 6avp! Iheiv fiiKoapias, 

vim, TToXatal, napdevoi t eV ti^vyts. 

Kol TTpara pev KaBelcav els wpovs Kopas, 

ve^piSas r dueo'TelXavB', ocrataiv appuruv 20 

uvvheap iXeXvTO^ koi KaraaTiKTOvs 8opas 

o(Pecn Kare^axravTo Xi)(pS)cnv yevvv, 

ai 6' dyKuXatai BopKO.S' ^ aKvpvovs Xvkcdv 

dypiovs e^ovaai XevKov e8i8o(rav ydXa, 

oaais veoTOKois pacrros rjv anapycov ere 2^ 

^p€(f)t] Xinovcrais' fTri 8 i'devro kktct'ivovs 

aT€(pdvovs 8pv6s T€ crpiXaKos r dv6ea(f)6pov. 

Ovpcrov 8e tls Xa^oiJa' enaiaeu es nerpav, 

o6ev 8po(T(o8rjs v8aTos iKTrrj8a vot'ls' 

aXXrj Se vupBrjK es 7re8ov KaBrJKe yijs, 30 

Koi Tt]8€ Kprivrjv e^avrjK o'lvov Beos' 

ocrais 8e XevKov Traparos tt6$os iraprju, 

tiKpoicri 8aKTvXoiai Siapaicrai x66ua 

ydXaKTos ecrpoiis ei^ov' €< 8e Kiaaivav 

6vpcrwv yXvKelai peXiTos ecrra^ov poai, 35 

u>(TT , el TTaprjcrda, top deov, rbv vvv yj/eyeis, 

evx<u(nv ai> perrjXOes elcn8uv rciSe. 


^vvij^dofiev 8e (3ovk6\oi K(u iroiiieveg, 
Koivoiv \6yoiv Swo-oi'Tfy o\X7}Xoty '^piv, 
o)? hdva Spuxri davfiiiTcov r firn^ia' 40 

Kcil Tis irXdvrjs kut aarv koI Tpi[j(»v XuyoiV 
e'Ae|fi' fis OTtavTas, Q (Tfjjivas TrXaKn? 
vniovTes opeccv, deXere drjpacrMfifoa 
Ilei'^/cos 'Ayavrjv p-r]Tep fK (iaKx^vfuiTCDV, 
X^pi-v t' (ivaKTi dMixfV ; ev S' i^juti/ Xeyeiu 45 

sSo^f, dap.vcov S' eWoxL^ofiev (p6j3ai9 
Kpv'^avTes avTovs' a'l 5e r^y reTnyfiivrjV 
(opav iKivovv Qvpaov e9 ^aK^evpaTa, 
"laK^ov a6p6oi aTopari, ruv Aio? ■yoi'oi', 
Bpo/xto:/ KoKovfrai' ■nav be (Twe^ciKx^va bpoi 50 
Koi 6qp€S, oibev S' ^v aKiinjTov 8p6p(o. 
Kvpel S' 'AyaiiT] nXrjaiov dpaaKOva-d pov' 
Kayo) ^^eTTTjbrja, as (TwapTrnfrm diXcov, 
\6xp^v (cercoo-ar, ej/fl' eKpvTTToprjv dfpas. 
fj S' dvefSorjcrev, w SpojuaSe? f'/u"' KVVfS, 55 

drjpMfx.eS' dv8pciov tSivS" vtt' aXX' eneade poi, 
ineadf, dCpaois bia x^P^^ wTrXicrpevai. 
fjpeU piv ovv (jifvyovTfS f^riXv^apev 
j3aKxa>v (Tnapayp.6v, ai 8e vepopevais x^o'?" 
/xoV^ot? i-nr]\6ov ;^etpoj daibrjpov pera. 60 

KQi TTjv pev uv TTpoa-fldes ev6T)\ov nopiv 
p.vKoipfvr)v e;^ouo-ai' iv x^P"'^" ^''^W) 
oXXat 8e dapdXas Ste^opovf anapdypacriv. 
fiSes 5' av Tj irXevp^ f] 8Lxr]Xov (p^aaiv 
ptTTTupev (ivoi re Kn\ kutu)' Kpepnara oe 65 

eo-ra^' vn eXdran duaTr€({)vppfv mpaTi. 

EU R I PID ES. 353 

ravpoi S* v^piarcu Kels Kepas Bvfxoxjfxevoi 
TO Trpocrdev icrtpuWovTO rrpos yaiav 8efias, 
fivpidai xfipatv dyofjievoi vfavidoiv. 
Saarijov Se 8i£(f)opovvTo aapKos evtvTa 70 

^ ere ^vvd\j/'ai ^X((papa ^aaikfiois Kopais, 
)(a)pov(Ti 8', wcrr opvtdts dpOelaat 8p6p,cp, 
TreSitoi' vTrordaeis, ai nap Acrconov poais 
evKapTTOv eK/3dXXoucri QrjlSaKov (TTa)(yv' 
'Ya-Las T 'Epvdpds ff, ai Kidaipavos XfTVus 75 
vipOev KaTcoKt^Kaaiv, wcrTe TroXepioi, 
eVettrTrecrovtrai irdvT avco re koL Kara) 
BUcpepov' fjpTTa^ov piv iK Bopav reicva, 
OTTOcra 8 eV apois eSeaav, ov deafiav vtto 
irpoa-fixfT, ov8' eVtTrrei' es jxeKav nedov, 80 

ov xoKkos, ov aiBrjpos' eVt 8e ^oaTpv)(ois 
Ttiip e(pfpop, ovS" eKULfv, 01 8 dpyrji vtto 
fls ottX' i)(U)povv, (pepopfvoi ^aK^uiv vno' 
ovnep TO deivof rjv dtap! I8eiv, dva^. 
Tas yap ovx jjpacrare XoyxcoTov /SeXos. 85 

Keivai 8e Bvpaovs f^avieiaai ;^epwi/ 
fTpav/xdri^ov KdirevaiTi^ov <pvyfj 
yvvaiKes uvdpas, ovk avev 6eo)v Tivoi. 
TrdXti' 8' exuipovv odep (Kivrjaav TrdSa, 
Kprjvai iTt avTas, as avrjK avTois 6eds' 90 

viyj/avTo 8' aipa, UTayova S' (K TraptjiBav 
yXaxTar] BpaKovTfs (^e(pai8pvvov xpods. 
TOP Baipou oiiv rovh , octtis ear, o) BeanoTa, 
8fxov TTo'Xet T7S', (OS TCI T ("XX' iuTiv peyas 
KOKeii/o (paaiv avrov, u>s e'yoj kXvo), 95 

A a 


rijv TravaiXvnov ufxireXov tovfai ^jioToii. 
o'lvov 8f [xrjKeT (ivros ovk eariu Kvnpii, 
oi8' aXXo TepiTvov ovBev avOpainois en. 

[Bacchae, 677-774.] 

I/ion overthrown. 

Sv \t.iv, a> irarpls 'iXtaf, 
Tcoi' anopdrjTwv iroXis ovKeri Xe^ei' 
Toiiov 'EXXdvoiv vecpos ajx(pi ae Kpinrrei 
8op\ 8t} 8op\ irepcrav. 

dno Se arfcpdvav KCKapaai 5 

TTvpyaVj Kara S aWdXov 
KrfK'iS' oiKTpoTUTav Ke;^pa)(rat, 
raKaLV , ovKeri cr efi^ciTtvcrcci. 

/xeaovvKTioi wXXvfiav, 
rjfios fK Senrvciv vtvvos fj8vs in oaaots 10 

KidvaTat, fioXnav 8 utto koi )(opoTTOi5iv 
Ovaiav KaTanavcras 
TToVir iv ddkapLOis e/cetro, 
^vcTTov 8' eVi TTacrauXo), 

vavTav ovKiB" 6pu)i> oixiXov ic, 

Tpoiav 'iXtaS' f'/x/3</3a)ra. 

€ya) be nXoKUfiov uvaberois 
fiiTpaiaiv eppv6pi^6p,av 
Xpvaeap euonTpaiv 

Xevcraova uT(pp,ovas els avyas, 20 

(ni.8ep.vioi 0)5 neaoip.' e's evvdv. 


ova 8e KcXaSos efiokt ttoKiv' 

KeXeva^xa 8 rjv Knr iicttv Tpoias rdS ' o) 

TToides 'EWdpcov, ncWe 8rj irore rav 

'iXtaSa (TKOTTiav nipaavTfs ^^(t o'Ikovs j 25 

Xe,Y»; 8e <pi\ia novoTrenXos 
)i.i7roii(ra, Aco,us ws Kopa, 
crefivav npoai^ova 
oiiK rjirvfT ''Aprtpiv a r'Kap.cov' be davovr Itovcr aKoirav 30 

Tov iphv akiov iivi 7r (kayos, 
TToXiu T cmoaKOTTova , end vocrrifjiov 
vavs eKLvqa-ev TToSa Kai p. ano yas 
&piaev 'iXtaSos — raXaiv dTrelTTov oXyet — 

Tau Toiiv AiooTKopoiv'EXevav Kaaiv, idalovre ^ovrav 
cilvoTTapiv Kardpa 35 

8i8ova, eiret pe yas 
eK Trarpciias uTTcoXecrev 
e^MKiaep t o'ikcou ydpos, ov ydpos, aXX' aXdiiTopos 

Tis ol^vs' 
au p'fjre ireXayos aXiov uirayayoi TrdXtf, 
P'fjre Trarpaiov Ikoit es oIkov. 40 

[Hecuba, 905-952.] 


IpJiigeuid s prayer. 
Et plv TOV Opcj>eu>s el)(ov, S> Trdrep, \6yov, 
TjeiOdv eTTa^ovcr', Sicrff opnprelv poi irerpas, 
KTJKe'iv re tuIs \<Jyoi(nv ovs i^ovKoprjv, 
ivravB av ijKdov, vvv fie Tan epov ao(f)a, 
A a 2 


SaKpva nape^a' ravra yap twaiped' av. 5 

iKfTTjpiav 8e yovacriv i^uuTU) credev 

TO crSdpa TQVjjLov, onep eriKTev ijbe aoi, 

(IT) fi aTToXecTTjs ("laypoV 17811 yap to (pS>s 

jSAen-eti/' tci 6' vno yrjv p.r] fi Idelv dvayKacrjjs. 

TrpoiTT] a' eKciXeaa naTepa, Koi av Traid ffie' 10 

TTpitTT) 8e yovatri aolat aapa dova ipov 

(f)L\as ;(aptTa? f'8(0Ka Kdi/Tf8f^dpr]v. 

Xdyos S' 6 peu cros rjv oS'' apd a , w tikvov, 

(vbalpou dv8p6s ev 8oixuiaiv o-^opai, 

^(oadv re kqi ddWovaav d^icos ipov ; 15 

ovpos 6' oS' rjv av, Trept aov i^aprapevrjs 

yfveiov, ov vvv dvTiXd^opai X^P'-' 

Ti S' 2p* eyo) ere, Tvpicr^vv dp ea^e^npac 

epcov (plXaLo-tv vnoSoxcus 86p(oi'y miTep, 

TTOVoiv ti6t]vovs a7roStSo0o"« crot Tpo(jjas ; 20 

TovTav e'ycb pev toou Xoycov pvrjprjv i'xo), 

cri) 8' eniKfXrjaai, Kai p dnoKrelvai OtXeis. 

pr] npds ere TleXonos Kal iTpos Arpe'cos naTpos 

Ka\ T^o-Se prjTpos, rj Trplu ablvovcr epe 

vvv bfVTfpav w8iua TJ/fSe XapjBdvei. 25 

tI pni ptreaTL ruiv ^ hXe^dvhpov ydpcov 

''EXfVTjs Te, TTudev ^X5' err dXtdpco T'Upw, narep ; 

/3X«'\|/'0i/ npos Tjpds, oppa Sof cj)iXrjpd re, 

iv' dXXd TovTo Kardavova e'xco crediv 

pvrjpfLov^ (I pi] to'ls ('poii TTiidei Xdyois. 30 

d8fX(pe, ptKpos piv av y eTriKOvpos (piXoii, 

dpcos fie avv8dKpvaov, iKiTfvaov rraTpos 

Tr)v afjP dbfXcpfju pfj Oaveiv' a'ia6r]pd rt 


Kav VT]niois ye rwv KaKav eyyiyverai. 

i8nv (Ticoncov Xicrcrerai a o8\ oj ndrep. 35 

aXX atdiaai fie Ka\ KaroiKTeipov fiiov. 

vai, TTpos yeveiov a avropeada Suo <piXai' 

6 [lev veoacros ecrrtv, 17 6' rji^rjfxevr]. 

ev avvTenovaa Travra viKrjaco \6yov' 

TO <p(os To'S' av6pti)Tvoi<nv rj8i(rTov ^Xeneiv, 40 

ra vtpOe o ovoev paiverai os ev^erai 

Bave'iv. KaKMs C^f Kpe'iacrov rj 6uve1v KaXwy. 

[Iphigenia in Aulis, 1211-1252.] 

Iphigenia a willing sacrifice for Hellas. 

MrJTep, elcraKovaare 
tS>v ep.S)V X6ya>v' paTrjv yap a elaopa dvpovpevqv 
o-<a nocrei' to. 8' abvvaO riplu Kaprepelv ov pabiov. 
Tov pev ovv ^evou diKaiou alvecrai TvpoOvpia^' 
aWa Kai cre rovff opav XPI1 M') ^laj^^^dfis crTpaTco, 5 
Koi TrXeov Trpd^aipev ov8ev, 68e 8e avpcpopds Tv)(r]. 
ola 8' elmfkOev p, liKOVcrov, prjrep, evvoovpevqv' 
Kardavelv pei> poi 8i8oKTai' tovto S' avTo ^ovXopai 
evKKews TTpd^ai, napeiad t eK7ro8(ov ro tvayeves. 
8(vpo 8t] (TKe-^cu ped' fjpa>v, prjrep, a>s koXms Xeyo)' 10 
els ep 'EXXcis 17 peyicrrr] ndaa vvv cnTo^XeiveL, 
Kav epol 77op6p6i re vacov Koi ^pvycbv KaTaarKa(f>ai, 
Tcis re peXXovcras yvvaiKas rjv ri 8pu>cn ^dp^apoi, 
prjKed' dpird^eiv edv ras oXjSia? e^ EXXdSof, 
t6i> 'EXevrji riaavras oKeBpov, tjvtiv rjpTraaev Jldpis. 15 


ravra Trdvra Kardavovcra pvcrofiai, Km fxov kXcus, 
EXXuS a)s rjXevdfpaKTay p,aKapiov yfyrjcreTai. 
Koi yap nv8e rot Ti Xiav epe (piXoyj/vxflf XP^'^^' 
iraai yap pH HW-qcn Koivov ere/CfS, ov)(). cnn p-ovrj. 
ciKKa pvpioi pev avbpes dcnriaiv neffiapypevoi, 20 

p.vpioi d f'pfTp ^xpvTfs, Trarpldos rj^LKTjpfvrjs, 
8pav TL ToKp-qaovcnv e'^^^poii? \vnep 'EXXdSof daveiv, 
rj 8 fpfj ^vx^i pi' ovara rravra KcoXiKrei raSe ; 
Ti TO b'lKaiov rovTo y ; apd y exoptv avTenveiu eTrns ', 
KaTT fKeiv eK6a>pev. ov Set rdi'Se 8ia pdxT]S pokeli/ 25 
Traaiu Apyelois yvvaiKoi ovveK ov8e KaTOave'iv. 
els y dvrip Kpdcrcratv yvvamav pvpicov opav (pdos. 
ft 8* f^ovXrjdr] TO aapa TOvpw"ApT€pii \aj3elv, 
e/LiTToScbi' yevrjaopdyo) SvrjTos avcra t^ 6ea ', 
aXX aprjxapov' SiScojut (Ta>pa Tuvpbv 'EXXdSi. 30 

6viT ; inTTOpOfiTe Tpoiav, TavTa yap pvrjpild pov 
8ia paKpov, Ka\ TralSey oiiToi zeal ydpnc koI 80^' fV'J- 
jSap^dpav 8 EW-qvas (tpx^i-V flKos, dXX' ov l^ap^dpovs, 
prJTtp, ' EW-qvau' to pev yap SovXoi/, ol 8" eXevdepoi. 
[Iphigenia in Aulis, 1368-1401.] 


Talthybius."\T ^ eKKopi^fiv 8evpo Kaardvhpav xpeav 
ocrov Td^ia'Ta, 8pu)ei, ens a-TpaTrjXdTr} 
fs X^^P^ 8ovi viv fiTa Tcis flXrjypevas 
Kai Totaiv aXXois aixpuXaiTiSwv ayw. 
ea, Ti TT(VKT]s 'iv8ov a'l6eTui atXus ] 5 

mp-TTpuaiP T] Ti 8pu}ai Tpuddes pvxoiis, 


7ipos"Apyos, avrSiv r fKTrvpovai duifiaTa, 
Bavilv 6(\ov(rai ; Kapra Toi rovXevSepov 
iv Tols ToiovTOLS Si;crXo'(^a)s (jiepei KOKa. lo 

avoiy' avoiye, prj to rmtrSe Trpoarcpopov, 
ex^pof 'T 'AxMols, eli e/x' ahiav ^dXrj. 

Hecuba. ovk ecmv, ov TTifiTrpacni', aXXa nais ep-y) 
fxaivas Ooa^it bfvpo ¥,a(Tavhpa 8p6p(o. 

Cassandra, livexe, wdpfx^, (f)a)s <pepf' aej3cji, <pXeya), 15 

lOOV lOOl/j 

Xap7id(Ti ToS Upov. 
'Yfiiju, S) 'Ypeuai ava^, 
paKapioi 6 yaperas, 
(iciKnpia b' eyco ^naiKiKols XeKrpots 20 

Kor' "Apyos a yapovpeva. 
'YprjV, S) 'Ypevac ava^, 
enel crv, pdrep, inl dciKpvcri Kai 
yooiai Tov Oavovta rrarfpn Trarplda re 

<j)!Xav tcaraaTepova e'xfis, 25 

eyo) rod eVl -yajuois epoli 
dvaCJiXeyoo rrvpoi (pws 
es avyav, es aiyXav, 
'Yprjv, S> 'Yp.ivaif, aoi. 
blbov 8\ a> 'E/cara, (pdos, 30 

7rap6fvo.1v (Ttl XeKTpois, a vopos ex^'- 
TrdXXe ttoS' aWepiov, «Vaye X°P°^i 
eiav fvo7, 
d)s €714 narpos epov 
p-aKapicoTaTais Tvxais. 35 


E U R I P I D E S. 

o ^opos oaios (fMoi, 
ilyf cri) <I>oT,3e viu' Kara arou ev ddcfivais 
dvuKTopov dvrjTroXai, 
'Yp.f]v, S) 'YpevaL , 'Yprjv. 
)(6pevf, fidrep, ai^aye, Tr6(^a auv 40 

fXiacre raS" eKelae per eptdev 7To8mv 
(pf'povaa cf)ikrdTav fSdcriv. 
^odre Tuv 'Yptvaiov, w, 
fiaKapiais aotSat? 

laK^ais re vvp(pav. 45 

iV S) KaXXiTTfTrkoi ^pvyciv 
Kopai, piKneT ipov ydpuv 
rov TTfnpcopevov eiva ttoo-iv ipedev. 
Chorus. /3a(T(Xeta, ^aK^evovaav ov Xr'jy^ei Koprjv, 

prj K0ii4>ov aipj) {irip is 'Apyftwj/ arparov ; 50 
Hecuba. "Hc^anxre, SaSov^fi? p^v ev ydpon ^poroiv, 
drop \vypdv yi ttjv8' dvaiBvaaeis <l)k6ya, 
e^o) re pfydXcav iXTTibav. o'lpoi, reKvov, 
(oi (T ovx VTT alxprjs ovS" vtt 'Apyeiov 8opbs 
ydpovs yapeladai rovaS" ebd^a^ou TroTf. ^5 

Trapd8os tpol (f)(os' ov yap op6a TTvpcfioptls 
patvai dod^ova', ovbe aai TV)(ai, tskvov, 
aeaa>(})povr]Ka(T , dXX' eV eu tuvto) peveis. 
(l(T(f)ep€Te TTfiiKas, ddKpvd t dvraXXdaaerf 
rots TTJfrSe peXeai, TpcodSfs, yaprjXloii. 60 

Cassandra, prjrfp, irvna^e Kpdr ipov viKt](p6pov, 

Ka\ X°-'^P^ '''"'^ ipo'im fiacriXiKols yapois, 
Km Trepnf, kuv prj rdpd aoi npodi'pd y r/, 
u6(i (iiaidii' €t yup evTi Ao^i'a?, 

E UR I riD ES. 361 

'EXeViyr yafifl fxe 8v(Txep€(TTepov ydfiov 65 

6 tS)V ^Axaimv kXeivos 'Ayaixep.v(JOV (iva^. 
KT(VU) yap avTov KavTinopOrjaoi 8opovs 
iToivas ii8f'K(j)(i)v Koi Trarpos \(i[Sovcr epov' 
d\X avT eucrco" TreXfKvv ou;^ vpvrjaopfv 

05 fs Tpax^i^ov rov ipov fiai ■^(aTfpaiv, yo 
prjTpoKTovovs T ayoovas, ovs ovpoi ydpoi 
6Tjaovcriv, olkcov t 'Arpecos di/dcTTaaiv' 

TToXiv fie 8ei^a> rrji'Se p.aKapi(i)Tepav 
fj Tovs A)(aiovs^ evdeos pev, dXX' opcos 
Tocro'i'Se y e^o) aTrjaopai ^aK\€vpaTU)V, ^5 

oi Slot piav yvvaiKa kol p'lav Kvnpiv, 
6rjpa>VTes 'EXeurjv, pvpiovs arraiXecmv. 

6 8e (TTpaTTjybs 6 ao(f)6s i\6i(TTa)V vnep 
ra cpiXTar aiXea , TjBovas ras o'lKodev 

TeKVcav dSeXcpco 8ovs yvvaiKos ovveKa, 80 

KoX rnvd' eKovcrrjs kov (Sia XeKrjapevTjs. 
inel S" eV aKTas tj'XvOov ^Kapavbplovs, 
fdvrjCTKOV, oil yrji opi anocTTepovpevoi, 
ovo vYiTTvpyov Trarpioos ovs Aprjs eAot, 
ov TTOtSas fl8ov, ov ddpapros ev x^P°i-^ 85 

TTfTrXot? avvecrTaS.rja'av, ev ^evrj 8e yrj 
Kflvrai. ra 8' o'ikoi rotcrS' opoi iyiyveTO 

« / ) -»//l CMS/ 5. > fi. ' 

X^P^i'' T eoui^aKou, 01 o cnraioes ev oopois, 
(iWoLS TiKv eK^pi^l^avTes, ovSe npos Tu(f)ovs 
ead ocrrts aiiTo7s aipa yrj Baprjcrfrai. 90 

7] rov8 eVaiVov to (TTpdrfvp end^iov. 
(jiyav lipeivov Tacrxpn, pr]8e povad poi 
yivoiT dot8os fJTis vpvi'jafi KOKd. 


'Y[iU)iS 8e npcoTov ^ev, to KaXXtoroi' (cXeo?, 

iinep ndrpas edurjaKOv' ovs 6' eXot 8upv, 95 

VfKpoL y is o'Lkovs (f)ep6fievoi (f)i\a>v vno 

iv yf) Trarpma Trepi^oKcts fixov xOuvoi, 

^(fpcrlv TTepicTTaXevTes hv fXP^^ vno. 

oaoi 8e fiTj davoiev iv fidxn '^pvyav, 

del /car' ^fiap (tvv 8dfj.apTi Kul TtKVOii 100 

wKOvv, 'Axaiols S)v drrria-av fjdovai. 

TO. K "EKTopog (Toi XvTrp iiKovcrov oj? ex^'" 

bo^as dvTjp lipKJTos oc;(fr(U Oavuv. 

Koi ravT 'Axm^v t^is e^epyd^erat' 

el S' Tjaav oXkoi, xp^f^^os eXadev ai> yeyobs' 105 

Tldpis S" f'yTJP'f TTjv Atoy, yrjfiai 8e nfj, 

(jLyoififvov TO Krjdns ei^fi' i^ 86p,ois. 

(peuyeiv p.ev oiiu ^pjj TvokepLOV, ocrris fv (ppoveC 

(I 6' is ToS" eXBoi, aricpavos ov< alaxpos noXei 

KoXcos oXeadai, p-f) KaXws 8e dvcrKXees. iio 

S)V ovvfK ov XP^7 M'''^Pi oiKTeipeiv (re yijv 

fj rdpa XtKTpa' tovs yap ixdl-o^fovs ipol 

Koi crol ydpoLcri rols ipols hia(li6epu>. 

Chorus. a>s fjfiews kuko'ictiv oiKeiois yeXas, 

peXTreis G a peXTrova ou a-a(f)ri Sei^eis lacos.u^ 

TaUhybius.el prj a 'AnoXXwv i^e^aKxevcreu (jipivas, 
ov rap apiu&i tovs e/ious o'TpaTrjXaTas 
ToialcrSf (f>T]fjLais e'^eVf/xTres ciu x^ovos. 
drap TCI crepva Kcii BoKTjpaaiv aocjya 
ovhev Ti KpeKTCTo) Tuiv TO prjhev rjv lipa. 120 

6 yap p.(yi(TTOS to)P UuveXXijucov ava^, 
'ATpeios (piXos nais, r^rxS' epcoT i^aiperop 


fjiaivd8os inricTTrj' Koi jrevTjs fiev eijn eycb 
drap Xe)(os ye rrjad' av ovk eKTrjaufirji'. 
Koi (Toi fiev, oxj yap dprias fXfis (ppevas, 125 
hpyeV oveidr] koi ^pvySav eTraivecreii 
dvfpoLS c^epeaBat Trapa8i8a>p' . eVrou fie poi, 
Trpos vnvs, koXov vvp(pfvpa tw crrpaTrjXaTr]. 
ail d', f]vLK av ere Aapriov XPuCn tokos 
ayeiv, eTreadat' craicppouos S ecret Xdrpis 130 
yvvaiKos, as (f)aa ol poXovres ' iXioi/. 
Cassandta. 7 hewus 6 Xdrpis' ri ttot e)(ovai, rovvopn 

KTJpVKeS • fV dlViX^W^ TTCiyKOlVOV ^poTols 

01 TTfpl Tvpdvvovs KOI TTokeis vTTrjpeTai. 

(TV Tiju f'prjv cjirjs prjTfp els 'Obvaaecos 135 

7]$eiv peXaBpa j ttov 8' AttoWwvos Xoyoi, 

01 (pacriv avTtjV els ep rjpprjvevpevoi 

avTov daveladai ; raXXa 8' ovk oi/eiStd). 

8v(TTrjvos, OVK oi'S' old viv pevet iraBelv 

u>S xp^o-os aiira rdpa Kn\ <i>pvyo)v koku 140 

do^d ThOT elvai. heKa yap dvr\ri<Tas ert] 

Trpos TolaLv ivOdb , l^erai povos ndrpav, 

ov drj arevov biavKov uKiarai nerpas 

BeiVTj Xdpv^8is, cop6(f)pu)V t emcTTdTris 

KvkX<o-^, AiyvaTis 6 t] avcov pop(j)u>Tpui 145 

KipKT], daXdaarjs 6 aXpvpds vavdyia, 

XaiTOV T epccTes, rjXlov & dyvdi j36es, 

at. adpKa (pavrjecrcrav ijcrovaiv ttots, 

TTiKpav Ohvcrcrel. yrjpvv. ens 8e crvvTepa, 

^S)v eicr es Aidrjv, KiiKCpvyav Xipvrjs v8a>p 150 

KaK «V 86poi(Ti pvpC evprjcrei poXcnv. 


aKKa yap ri rovs 'OSuo"(recos i^aKovTi^oi Trovou?; 
(TTO-X ^ 07TCl>s TitT^KTr' is AtSou vviKpLO) yT]Hu>ne6a. 

r) KUKUS KaKCOS Ta<^1](J€l VVKTOS, OVK iv TJfJLepqj 

d> doKwu (TffJLVov Ti TTpaaaeiv, Aauai8cov dp^riyera. 1=5 
Kap.e TOi veKpov (f)dpayyfs yvpvdb' eK^e^\r]p.evr]v 
vdari x^€ifidpp(o peovcrai Pvp(f)iov TreAa? racpov 
drjpcn baiCTOVcnv 8d<Taa6ai, rrjv AnoXy^oovos Xdrpiv. 
a) cTTecfyr] tov cf)i\TdTov poi Seuiv, uydXpLar' tvia, 
■)(alpeT' i<\i\oi(^ eoprds, als TrapoiB rjyaWoprjv. 160 
'It Att ipnv -x^pwTos anapaypois' u>s eV ova dyvrj 

8a> 6oais avpais <pep(adai croi rd8 , w pavrei civa^. 
TTov (rKu(})os TO TOV aTpaTTjyov • ttoi ttot ipfiaivnv pt 

xph ', 

ovKeT (IV (j>ddvois av avpav laTion KapaSoKuiv, 
U)S fJt-lav TpioiV 'Epivvv Trjcr8e p f^n^av )(dovus. 165 
;(aip€ poi, prJTfp, BaKpvarji prjbev, 2) cf)LXr} iraTpis' 
01 Tf y^s e'vep6 adeX(po\ x^ TeKOiv rjpds naTrjp, 
ov pciKpav Se^eadf p'' rj^oi d' es veKpovs viKr](^6po<: 
Ku\ 86povs ■nepaaa 'ArpeiScoi/, hv aTraykopeaff vno. 

[Troades, 294-461.] 




DiCAEOPOLis, Chorus of Acharnian Old Men, 
Slave, Euripides. 

Dicaeopolis being in danger of his life from the chorus of 
Acharnian old men, who are angry at his having made a private 
peace with the Lacedaemonians, goes to Euripides to obtain the 
dress of a suppliant, and delivers himself of a speech over the 

Chorus. OvTOS avros icrriv, ovtqs. 

/3aXAe /3(iXX6 /SaOlXe ^aWe, 

TToie Tras tov fxiapov. 

ov ^akels, ov jSaXels ; 
Dicaeop. 'HpuKXeiy, rouri t'i icjTt ; ti)i> )(yTpav arvvrpl-^eTe. 5 
Chorus, ere fJ.ev ovv KaraXeva-oiMev, w fxtapu KefjyaXrj. 
Dicaeop. avrX noias alvLas, od^apviu>v yepaiTaroi ; 
Chorus. ToiiT epcoras \ dvaiaxwTos el Koi j38(Xvp6s, 

S> TrpoSdra Trjs narpiBos, ocrris fjpMV povoi 

aTreicrdpfvos eira Svvacrai Trpof ep aTTo^Xenetv. 10 
Dicaeop. dvT\ S' oji/ icnreicrdprjv ovk o'cbar' dXX aKovcrare. 
Chorus, aov y ciKOvacopfv " anoXel' Kara ere ^(uicropev tol^ 

Dicaeop. p,Tfhapoii, Trplv dv y dKovarrjT' aXX' dvaar^eaB 


Chorus. O'JK\i](ToyLnL' firjhe Xeyc /uoi uh \6yQv' 

o)? ^fiiiaTjKci ere KXiavoi eVt /jiaXXoi/, ov 15 

KaTaT€nu> Toicriv ImreviTi KaTTVfxara. 

crov S' eyo) \6yovs Xeyovros ovk aKovaofiai fuiKpovs, 

o(TTis ecrnfi(ra> AdKcoaiu, dXXa ri/iupiycro/nai. 
Dicacop. S>yad6i, tovs [ifv AaKcovas eKTTo8(ov edaare, 

Tcov S' iiJLaiv (TTTOvhav aKovcraT , el koXcos icnrfi- 

crdfirjv. 20 

Chorus. Tiuts 8' eV civ koXcos Xeyois av, i'nrep iantiaco y ana^ 

oiaiv ovre jSafJios ovre iricrTis ovd opKos fievei j 
Dicaeop. ol^ iyut koL tovs AuKcovas, ols ayav eyKelfieda, 

ovx anavTcov ovras Tjfjuv alriovs twv Trpayndrcov. 
Chorus, ovx cLnavTcav, u> iravovpye ; ravra 8>) roXfias Xeyeiv 25 

epfpavws ^^rj Trpbs rjpds ', eir e'ya) aov (pelaofiaL • 
Dicaeop. ovx d.TTdvTa)v ovx dnavTciiV aXX' fyo) Xeyav 681 

TToXX' au aTTOcprjvaiiJL eVetVovs ecrff a KaSiKOVfievovs. 
Chorus. ToiiTo tovttos fiftj/of r]8r] koI rapa^iKaphiov, 

el Gv ToXpt'jaeis vnfp twv TtoXepiav rjfxiv Xeyeiv. 30 
Dicaeop. kuv ye p-rj Xeyco BiKnia, prjde to, TrXijdei Sokw — 

vnep fTTt^rfvov BeXTjao) ttjv beprjv excov Xeyeiv. 
Chorus, (lire poi. rl <p{i86pfa-6a rav XlOav, S) drjpoTai, 

fifi ov Kara^aiveiv tuv I'lvbpa tovtov is (f)otviKiSa ' 
Dicaeop. oiov av peXas ris vpiv 6vpdXa)\j/' ene^ecrev. 35 

OVK aKovatcrff ovk aKovtrecrB' ereov, Syxapvtjl^ai ' 
Chorus. OVK aKovaopeada SrJTa. Dicaeop. deivdrtipa nflcropai. 
Chorus. f^oXolprjv, Tjv aKovaco. Dicaeop. prjdapibs, uixapviKol. 
Chorus, ins T(6inj^o)V icr^t vvvl. 
Dicaeop. — hr]^opup vpds eyo). 

uvTaTTOKTfvo) ycip vpSiV Tcop (pCXav tovs 0tXrdrovs"4o 


ws tyoi y vfi(ov ofiripovs, ovs dTroa-(f)a^a> }^aj3av. 

Chorus, fine fioi, tL tovt uTTfikel tovttos, avBpes drjiaWai, 
Tois ^ hxapviKoiaiv rjplv ; p.Siv i'^d tov iraihiov 
Twv irapovTOiv evSov eip^as ; *] Vt tw Bpaavverai ; 

Dtcaeop.^dWiT ,(lfiovK((r6\ iyco yap tovtovI 8iacf)6(pS). 45 
eiaopai S vpwv rax ocrris dvOpaKwv ri Krjderai. 

C/iones. us diTaX6p.€(T6\ 6 )^dpKos Srifxorrji oS' ear ip.6s. 
aWd fif] 8pd(rr]s 6 peXkds' pij8aiiios, S) prjSapas. 

Dicaeop. <»? aTroxTfj/ai, KeKpa^ff' iya yap ovk dKova-Ofxai. 

Chorus, dirokeis ap 6p.r]KiKa rovde (biKavGpaicea • 50 

Dicaeop. ov8 ifiov Xeyovros Vfieis dprias rjKova-arf. 

Chorus. dXXa vvvl Xf'y', «i' croi Soicel, tou re Aa/ce- 

haipoviov avTov on tw rpona aovari 0i\os* 
COS ToSe TO \apKi8iov ov TrpoSoxro) ttotc. 

Djcaeop. tovs Xi6ovs vvv poi x<^H-dC^ Trpwrov i^epdaare. ce, 

Chorus. ovTOU trot x^pai, kuI trh KardBov TfdXiv to ^iffjos. 

Dicaeop. aXX ottojs p.r\ v toIs TpifBaxTiv eyKaBrjiiTai nov \l6oi. 

Chorus. eKcrecTfifTTai ^ofid^ . ov)( opas (Xdopevov • 

aXXa p.rj |xoi Trpocpatriv, dWd KOTdBov to j3eXos. 
uis o8e ye crtiaTos ajxa tji (TTpo<p[] yiyveTai. 60 

Dicaeop. f/neWer' dp anavTes dvacre'ieiv ^otjv, 

oXiyov T aiTiBnvov civOpaKes YiapvrjQioi, 

Ka\ TavTa bid ttjv droTriav tS)v bripoTwv. 

vTTo TOV 8eovs 8e rrjs papiXr]s poi ctvxvtjv 

6 XdpKos eveTiXrjorev axrirep a-rjTvla. 65 

Beit/ov yap ovtoos dp(PaKiau TrecfiVKtvai 

TOV Bvpov dvBpwp axTTe ^dXXeiv kuI ^odu 

eBeXeiv t aKovcrai prf8ev Icrop icrco <l)fpov, 

efiov 6eXovTos inrep ini^rjvov Xtyeiv 


vnep AoKebaifi-ovlcov anavO oa av Xeyu' 70 

KaiToi (^tXco ye ti)v ifirjv yj/vxrjv eyd). 

Chorus. Ti ovv ov Xe'yeis (Tri^rjvov i^evfyKoiV 6upaC 
Ti TTOT, o) a^erXie, to (leya tovt e\fis ; 
Trdvv yap efie ye 7i66os o ti (f>pove'is e'x^'* 
«XX' fjnep avTos ttjv 8iKr]v fittopi'a-oj, 75 

6€\s devpo roinvi^rji'ov €y)(eipei Xeyeti/. 

Dicaeop.lhov deaaai, to peu iiri^rjvov roSl, 

6 S' avffp 6 Xe^av ovToal tvvvovto(ti. 

djXfXfc pa TOP At' ovK. ivacrinbuiaopai, 

Xe^co 8' vnep AaKeSaipoviwv ci poL 6o/C€i. 80 

KaiTOi SeSoiKa noXXd' tovs Te yap Tponovi 

Toiis T(ov dypoiKOiv oi8a ^aipovTas (T(f)68pa 

idv Tis aiiTOVi evXoyfj Ka\ Tr]V ttoXiv 

durjp aXa(a>u Koi dUaia KabiKU' 

KuvTavda XavQdvovd dnepnoXuipevoi,' 85 

Tcov T av yepovTotv otSa Ttis yj/vxas oTi 

ovbev ffXiirovviv aXXo ttXtjv "^rjcfja BaKflv, 

avTOi T epavTov inro KXewi/of anadov 

ini<TTapaL dia ttjv ne'pvai Ku>po^hiuv. 

fl<T(XKV(ras yap p eij to ^ovXevTrfpiov <po 

Sie^aXXe Ka\ yj/evSi] KaTfyXu)TTi(e pov 

KdKVKXofiopd Ki'mXvvfv, waT uXiyov ndvv 

dnaiXoprjv poXwonpaypovovpevos. 

vvv ovv p.i irpSiTov np\v Xtyeiv edaaTe 

ivcTKivdaacrBai p oiov dOXiatTaTov. 95 

Chorus. Ti TavTa o-rpt'^ei T^xvu^d^ Te Ka\ Tvopi^eis Tpi^ds ; 
Xa^e 8' epov y eveKU Trap 'lepayvvpov 
aKOTobaavnvKVOTpixd tiv ' A'i^os KWiiv 

















(VT f^dvaiyt firj^auiis tus 2i(Tv(pov, 

wf (TKTjyJMv uyu>u ovtos ovk flade^erai. 100 

(opa ^CTTiv apa poi KapTfpav ^f/vx^jV Xa^elv, 

Kai poL (Sadiarf icrriv as Evpt,7ri8r]u. 

TToi Trai. 

ris ovTOi • 

ev8ov €(TT EvpiTrldrjs • 
OVK tvhuv €v8ov (cttIv, el yvaprjv ex*'^* 
nws ev8ov, eir ovk ev8ov ; 105 

opdcos, S> yepov. 
6 vovs pev e^co ^vXkeyaiv envWia 
OVK ev8ov, avTos 6' evSov dpa0d8r]v noiel 

S) Tpta-fiaKapi 'Evpnri8r], 
o9 6 8ovkos ovTU)a\ cro(j)a>s vTvoKpiverai. 
(KKa\((TOV avTov. no 

uk\ u8vvaTov. 

aXX' opcos. 
ov yap av aTreKdoiiJ,' uXXot Koyf/co ttjv Bvpav. 
Evpini8r], Evpnrl8iov, 
vTraKovcroVj e'lnep ttcottot' di'6pu>ncov Tivi 
iinKaionoXig Koke'i ae XoXXetSr^f, e'-yo), 
aXX ov a^oXt]. 115 

oXX' {kkvkXtjStjt . Eurip. dXX' dBvvarou. 

aXX' opwi. 
dXX' (KKVK^Tjcropm' Karn^aivav b' ov (7;(oX7j. 
Evpi7ri8r], Eurip. ri XeXaKas ', 

dva^d8T)v TTOiels 
e^bv KaTa^d8T]i>' ovk eVoy ^aiXovs noifls, 


arap ri ra paKi €k rpaycoBias fX*'*) ^^o 

ecrBrJT (XfiVTjv ; oiiK cVoj tttco^ovs noie'ts. 

oAX' di'Tt/3oXco TTpus Tcou yovc'iToi' <T , ^vpin'iSrj, 

86s /iot puKiov Ti Toil iraXaiov Spdparos, 

del yap pe X«^ai Tt3 X^P'? PW'-^ paKpav' 

avTT] be Bavarov, rju KaKas Xe'^co, (}>ep€i. 125 

Eurip. TCI TToia Tpvx^ ', p^^ ^^ ols Oivivs 68\ 
6 6v(T7TOTpos yepaios Tjyavl^eTo ; 

Dicaeop. ovk Olvews rjv, dXX er dSXiuiTepov. 

Eurip. TO. TUV Tv<pXov ^oiviKOS ', 

Dicaeop. ov ^oiviKOs, ov, 

dXX' eTepos rjv ^oiviKos d6\i.a>Tepos. 130 

Eurip. TToias Tvoff dvijp Xaicibai aireiTai Tren'Kav • 
dXX' rj ^lXokttjtov to. tov nraxov Xf ■yetr • 

Dicaeop. ovk, dWd tovtov ttoXv ttoXv TrTcoxto-repuv. 

Eurip. dXX' 1] TO. bvuiTivrj 6e\eis TTcrrXdipara 

a BeX\(po(p6pTT]s eix' 6 x<^^^'S ovtoiti ; 1 35 

Dicaeop. ov BeWepofj^ovTrjs' dWd KUKelvos pe.v t)v 

^coXos, TrpoaaiTcov, trrw/ivXof, deivos \iyeiv. 

Eurip. olS" avhpa, Mvaov TijXe^of. 

Dicaeop. vai, TrjXecpov' 

TOVTOV 5<;s dvTi^oXco ere poi to crndpyava. 

Eurip. S) nal, bus avTO) TrjXtcfyov puKojpaTa. 140 

Kelrai 6' av<x>6ev TOiv QveaTeicov paiccnv, 
fiera^v twv 'ivovs. 

Slave. Ihov tovti Xa/3e. 

Dicaeop. h Zev bioTrra koi KaTdnTa napTaxrj. 
levcTKevdaaadai p oiov d^XicornToj/.J 
EvpiTTibrjj ^neidTjTTep e'xapla-a Tabi, 145 


KVLKtiva fioi 8us TuKuXovda TOiv paKu>v, 

TO mXidiov TTfpi TTjV Kf(f)a\rjv to Mvaiov. 

Sft ydf) fie fio^ai nrcop^of tivai T^fxtpou, 

eivai fjiiv ocnrep et/xt, (paivecrdai fie fj.jy 

Tvvs jJiev dearas etSevai fi os el'jix' ey<u, 150 

Tovs 8 av ■)(opiVTas rjkiOlovs TrapeaTavat, 

oncos av avrovs pripariois aKtpaXiaa}, 

Eurip. Soxro)' TrvKuij yap Xcttto pr]-)(ava (ppevi. 

Dicacop. ev8aipopoir]s, TT]\e<pa> 8' ciycb (ppovw. 

(ii y • olov rfdr/ pr]paTia)V epniiTKapai. 1 55 

wrap ye TTTcd^iKov ^uKTripiov. 

Eurip. Tovri Xa/Si)!/ anfXde Xaivrnv (TTa6p.a>v. 

Dicaeop. o) &^\^ , opa? yap wf aivu^ Sopav, 

TToXXwi/ 8e6p€vos (TKevapicov' vvv 8f] yevov 
yXicrxpos TTpocraiTav Xinapcov T . F.vpnr'i8t], 160 
86s fioi airvpidiop 8iaKfKav^xevov \v)(V(x>. 

Eurip. tL 8', ^ ToKas, ere tovS" e^et, TtXeKovs XP^°^ 5 

Dicaeop. xpeos pev ov8ev, ^ovXop,ai 8 opcos Xa^eiv. 

Eurip. Xvnrjpbs "lctO^ &v Ka.iTOX^p'r}0'ov hopatv, 

Dicaeop. cfiev' 165 

fv8aipovoir]s, wcrnep rj prjTrjp TvoTe. 

Eurip. uTreXde vvv poi. 

Dicaeop. paKka poi 86s ev povov 

KOTvXliJKiov TO ;(etXoj drroKeKpovpevov. 

Eurip. (f>deipov Xa^oiv t68 ' laB" oxXrjpos oiv 86pois. 

Dicaeop. oijTrui pa AC oicrB' 01 avTos epyd^ei fca/cd. ij-o 

dXX', S yXvKVTUT 'EvpiniSr], tovtI povov, 
86s pot, )(VTp[8iov a(f)oyyico ^e^vcrpevov. 

Eurip. avdpion, dipaiprjaei pe ti]V TpaycoSlav. 

B b 2 


ant'Kde ravTrjui XnjScoi'. 


KaiToi ri 8pa(ra> ; 8ei yap evos, ov (ifj TV)(a)V 1 75 
aTToXwX', iiKovaov, J) ykvKVTar EvptniSr)' 
TovTi Xa^cbv aneipi kov Trpocnip. en' 
tls TO (TTvvplhiov l(Txvd (loi (f)vXX€7a 86s. 

Eurip. a.TToka.'s \i . l8ov crot. (ppoiidd fioi tc. dpdpara. 

Dicaeop- dXX' ovKer, dX\' inrnpi. kcu yap elp' liyav 180 
6)(\r)p6s, oil 8oKU)V pe Koipdvovs (TTvyelv. 
o'lpoi KaKo8aipu)v, as dnoXcoX'. eneXadoprjv 
eV (OTTfp eVri irdvra poi to. irpdypara. 
'EvpiniSiov 0) yXvKVTaTov Koi (jiiXraTOV, 
KdKiar aTToXoipTjv, ei ri a airrjaaip ert, 185 

irXrjV tv povov, tovt\ povov tovtl povov, 
(TKdvSiKd pot 8us, pr]Tp6d(V Sebeypevos. 

Eurip. dvfip v^pi^ei' (cXeie nrjKru 8a>pdT0)V. 

Dicaeop. u> 6vp , avev aKdv8iKos epnopevrea. 

ap oiaB" oaov tov dycov dyuivifi Td)(a, 190 

piXXcov vTVip \aKe8ai.poviaiv uv8pa>v Xfyeiv; 
TTpoliaiue vvv, o) 6vpi' ypappt] 6' avrrp. 
€(TTr]Kas ', ovK el KoraTTioiv 'Evpmidrjv 5 
eniivea' uye vvv, S) rdiXaiva Kap8ia, 
aireXff eKflcre, Kara ttjv /cec^aX^i' eKel 195 

Ttapdaxfs, eiTToiKj drr' av avrf/ croi 8oKjj. 
ToXprjcTov^ '161, x'^P^^ov, (iynpai KapSias. 

Chorus. Ti Spdcreis ) tl 'prjcreis ; aXX icrBi vvv 
dvaicrxwTOS tiv cn8r^povs t dvrjp, 
oaris 7Tupa(Txo}V rg nuXei, tov avx^va 200 

ana<Ti peXXeis (is Xtyeiv Tavavrla. 


avqp ol) rpefifi to npayfi. eld vvv, 
eVeiSijTrep avrbs alpel, Xeye. 
Dicaeop. p.r\ ]ioi (pdovrjarjr , ai>8pes 01 6fa>p.fvoi, 

ft 7rTCO)(Oi av eVftT fv ' Adrjvaiois "Keyeiv 205 

piWo) irepi TTjs TvuXeas, TpvyaySLav noiwv' 

TO yap diKaiov otSe Koi TpvyaSia. 

eyo) 8e Ae^co 8eiva p-ev, biKaia Bt. 

ov yap pe vvv ye hia^oKel KXeaji/ on 

^evcov TrapovTccv ttjv ttoXiv KaKcos Aeyo). 210 

avTol yap e<rpev ovnl Aijvaio) r' dycof, 

Kovnoi ^evoi irapeicnv' ovTe yap <p6poi 

fjKovaiv ovT eK tSiv TrdXfwi' ol ^vppa)(oi' 

uXX iapef avrol vvv ye Tre pienTicrpevoL' 

Tois yap peTOLKovs {i^vpa Ta>v dcTTCJv Afyw. 215 

e'yo) Se piaS> pev AaKehaipovlovs cr(p68pa, 

KavTo7s 6 UoaeiScciv, ovttI Taivapto 6e6s, 

(Tficras anafTLv epftakoi tcis olKias' 

Kupol yap icTTiv dpireXia KeKoppeva. 

aTap, (f)i\oc yap ol napovres ev Xoyw, 220 

Ti TaiiTU Toiis AciKcdvas alriapeda' 

T]pa)V yap civBpei, ov^\ tijv ttoKiv Xeyw — 

pepvrjade Tovff , otl ovxi ttju ttoKiv Xe'yo)— 

aXX dvhpupia po^drjpcij irapaKeKoppevn, 

iiTipa Ka\ napdaripa Ka\ Trapd^eva, 225 

e(TVKO(f)dvTei Meyapecov tci )(KaviaKia' 

Kei TTOv aiKVOV Lboiev rj XayatSiov 

Tj -x^oipi^iov T] cTKopoBov 7) ^ovSpovs oXas, 

TavT rjv MeyapiKO. KaTrenpaT avdrjpepov. 

Ka\ TavTa pev 817 apiKpa Kd7n)(0}pia, 230 


nopvrjv Se '2ifj.aidav idires Mf'-yopaSe 

veaviat. KXeTTTOvcri fiedvaoKOTralSoi' 

Kaff ol Mfyap?]s odvvais nefpiKriyyafiePOi 

dvTf^eKXeyp-av 'Aanaaiai iropva bvo' 

Kavrevdev ap^fj tov iroXtpov Kareppayrj 235 

"EXXjjcti iracnv (K Tpiaiv XaiKacTTpiwv, 

fVTfvBfV opyfi UepiKXeqs ouXv/XTTto? 

^(TTpaTTT, fl3p6vTa, ^vveKVKa ttjv 'EXXaSa, 

erlSfi vopovs coffTrep cr/coXta ytypappevovs, 

as xph Meya/jea? /xi^rf yff prjT iv uyopa 240 

pr]T iv OaKuTTr] prjT ev rjneipa) piveiv. 

fVT(v6ev 01 M{yap?]s, ore 8f] 'nelvcov lidbrjv, 

AaKfSaipovicdv edeot^ro to yj/rjcfjicrp ottws 

pfToarpacjifir] to 8iu tus XaiKaaTpias' 

KOVK r]6fXop(v rjptls 8eopeva>v noWaKis. 245 

KcipTfvdev rjhr] naTayos i]v tS}u dcTTriSwi'. 

epei Tis, ov XP^^' 'tXXa ti exp^jv etTrare. 

<p(p', ft \aKf8aipoviu>v tis (KnXevaas (TKcicPei 

dneduTo (prjvas Kvvibiov '2epL(pia>v, 

KaBrjcrd' au kv Sopoicriv ' fj ttoXXoG ye Set' 250 

Kcil KapTa pivTuv eide'cos KadelXKfTe 

TpiCKoa ias vavs, rjv 8' iiv rj ttoXis TrXect 

Bopv^ov aTpuTKOTibv, TTe/ji Tpirjpcipxov ^orjs, 

pLcrdov 8i8opevov, IlaXXa8ia)i> xpvf^ovpevMV^ 

aroias aTevaxovurjs, (riTiau pfTpovpevau, 255 

d(TKa>v, Tp(>naiTf]pa)v, Kd8ovs oivovpevav, 

(Ticop68(i)u, (Xacof, Kpopjxvutv iv 8iktvois, 

(TTe(f)dva)V, Tpix<-8(x)V, avXr]Tpi8u>v, vnainicov, 

TO vtu>piov 8' au Kconiuv nXaTovpevatv, 


rvkmv •^o^ovvTuiv^ daKaiximv Tponovfieucov, 260 

av\S)v K(\evaTu>v, viy\dpu>v, a-vpiyfidTav. 
TavT otS' OTt tiv 'ibpare' tov Se Trj\f(j)ou 
ovK owfiecrda * vovs ap' Tjpiv ovk evi. 

[Aeharnians, 280-556.] 

Demosthenes, Nicias {Athenian Generals), 

Dem. Aeyoip.' av fjhrj. vav yap f<rTi Sfcnrorrjs 
aypoiKos opyrjv, Kvaporpw^, uKpd)(^oXos, 
Aijpos TTVKvirrjs, SvaKoXov yepovriov 
vnoKoxpoi'. ovTos rfj TTporepa vovprjv'ia 
enpiaTO SovKov, ^vp(iobiy^r}v TlaipXayofa, 5 

TTavovpyoTUTOv Koi Sia^oXaraTov riva. 
OVT09 Karayvovs rov yepovros tovs rponovs, 
6 ^vpao7Ta(()Xaya)v, vironeawv tov deanoTrjv 
TjKaXX', eSmTTev", (KoXaKev , e^rjndra 
KoaKvXpaTiois uKpoicn^ ToiavTi Xeyav' 10 

d) A^/xe, Xoiaai TvpcoTov €K8tKdaas fiiav, 
evdov, p6<pr]aov, evrpay, ey^e Tpiu^oXov. 
ftovXei Trapadco croi bopnov • eir' dvapirdcras 
o Ti av Tis TjfjLuiv aKevdarj, tco bicrnoTr) 
Tla(jiXayo>i' Kfj^dpiarai tovto. koi nparjv y epov 15 
pa^av pepa^dros iv livXa AaKcoviKTjv, 
7rav(wpy6TaTd ttchs TVfpihpapav vcpapnaaas 
avTos Trapedr^Ke Tr]v vn epov pepaypeprji', 
Tjpds 8' aTTtXavvei, kovk eS tov BeanoTriv 
liXXov depantveiv, dXXa ^vpcrivrjv e^^wv 20 


teiTTVovvros ecTTws dnocro^u tovs fjrjropas. 

aSft 8e xpnayLOvs' 6 Se ytpcov aijivWia. 

6 8 avTov wy opa pefiaKKOrjKOTaj 

Te^vrjv TreTroirjTat,. Toiis yap evdov dvriKpvs 

y}ff v8ij Sta/3aXXet" Kara fiacmyovpeda 25 

rjpiis' TlacpXayav 8e nepideoyv tovs oiKeras 

aiTii, TupaTTfi, ScopoSoKfT, Xeywv rnSt* 

opare top YXav 81 ipe pacmyovpfuov ' ' 

(1 prj p avanfi'TtT , aTToBavelcrde TTjp^pov, 

Tjpels Se 8i8opeV tl Se pfjj Tvarovpevoi 30 

VTTo Tov yepovTos OKTanXdaia ^f^opeu, 

vxJv ovv avvfTavre (ppovricrwpfv, Siyade, 

TTOiav 686v vav TpfTvriov Ka\ npoi r'lva. 
Nic. KpuTKTT fKfimjv TTjV poXapeVj a>ya6i. 
Dem. aXX' ov)( oiov re tov Iia<^\ay6v ovhiv XnBfiv 35 

f(popa yap avTos ■ndvT . i'^^ei yap to <tk(\os 

TO pfv iv nvXtu, to 8 tTipov iv TrjKKKrjaia. 

Toa6v8f 8 aiiTOv firjpa Sia^e^rjKOTOs 

6 TTpaKTOi iuTiv avTO-^prjp iv \a6(Tij 

TO) X^'P' ^^ AircoXotj, 6 vovs S' iv KXant8wv, 40 

JVic. KparuTTOv ovv vav (modavdv. dXKa (jk6tt(i, 

oTT'Bf av ano6dvoip(v dv8piKu>TaTa. 
Dem. 7rS>s 87ira nios yivoiT av dv8piKu)TaTa J 
JVic. ^eXTiCTTOV rjplv alpa Tavpeiuv ■milv, 

(') OepidToKXeovs yap 6dvaT0i aipfTuiTepo!. 45 

Dem. pli At aXX iiKpaTov olvnv dyaQov 8a[pnvoi. 

icrwr yap av xprjardv ti (i'lvXevcraipfda. 
Nic, I80V y "iKpaTov. nep\ ttotov yovv iaTi croi ' 

iTois 8* tiv p(dva>v )(pri<TT6v ri ^ovXevcratr dvrjp ' 


/ / 

Dem. a\ri6fs, oiroj • Kpovpo^vrpoKrjpaios et. 50 

olfov (TV ToXftai fls emvoiav XotSopeZi' • 
oivov yap fvpois av ri TvpaKTiKOiTfpov j 
Spas ; orav irivoacnv avOpconoi, Tore 
irXovrovat,, diairpdrTovcri, viKwaiv diKas, 
fvdcufiovovaiv, w(}}e\ov(ri tovs (piKovs. sc 

uW i^iveyKi poi ra;!^ea)s otvov X^"> 
Tov voiiv IP ap8a kol Xe'yo) ri 8f^i6u. 

AHc. oifioi, Ti TToff fjp.(is ipydcrei Ta> aw ttoto) • 

Dem.ayaQ' dXX' eveyK' fyu> 8e KaraKKipijcropai.. 

rjv yap p.f6v(T6(o, Ttdvra ravrl Karandrrco 60 

^ovKeviiariav Ka\ yvajjudiav Ka\ voibiav. 

JVzc. (OS evTvx^s on ovk i\f](p6rjv ev8o6fv 


Dem. ftVe fini, rTn^Xaycoj/ ri 8pa' 

Aic. fTTinaaTa Xe/^as dTjpioTrpad 6 (BdaKavos 

peyKei fjLfdvav iv raldi (ivpa-ais vtttios. 61; 

Dem. 161 vvv, uKparov iyKdva^ov p.01 ttoXvp, 

Nic. Xa/3e S17 Kai trirdfTov dyadov Baipovos' 

eX;^ (Xks TTjv TOV SaipLovot tov JJpap.viov. 
Dem. o) Salpov ciyade, aov to 0ovX(vp.\ ovk epov. 
Ntc. eiTT*, dj/ri/3oXw, Tt 'ia-Ti ' j-o 

Dem. TOVS xpritrpovs tu^v 

KKeyj/as epeyKe tov n.a(})\ay6uos ivhoOev, 

€0)9 Ka6ev8fi. 
Nic. TavT. d-Tap tov Salfiovos 

8e8oi)( OTTwy pr] Tev^opai KaKo8aipovos. 
Dem. (pepe vvv eyu> pavTw Trpoaaydyco top X''"^) 


TUV VOVV IV i!f)8u KOI \ty<i) Tl df^uiv. ^5 

W»V. u>s (J-fyaX 6 Jla(f)\ay(ov TrepSerai Koi ptyKtTai, 
war fXadov avTov top Upbv xP^^^f^^" ^«/3a)Z', 
SvTTfp y.aKi(TT f(f}vXaTTiv. 

Dem. S> (ro(j)<i)TaT€, 

(fiep avTov, IV uvayvo)' av 8 ey^eov nielv 

dvvcras ti. '/>f'p' tSw tI ap eueariv avroBi, 8o 

u) \6yia. fiov p-oi bos to noTtjptov Ta)(v. 

Nic. Idov' Tl (pTjcr 6 ;^'p7jcr/ioff ; Dem. (Tfpav eyxeov. 

Ale. iv Tois \oyiots eveariv erepav ey^eov ' 

Dem. S) BuKi. Nic. tI fari ' Dem. 86s to TroTrjpiov Tax^. 

Nic. TToXXw y 6 BcLKis exprJTo ra TroTTjpiGi. 85 

Dem. o) piiape UacpXayuv, TavT ap' f(f)v\dTTOv TrdXai, 
Tov 7Tfp\ creavTov xpi'^y^^v oppcoSoiv ' Nic. Tirj ; 

Dem. ivTcivff eveaTiv avTOS as diToWvrai. 

Nic. KCLi 7Tci)s ; 

Dem. oTTwy ', 6 xP^<^P-6s uvTiKpvs Xeyei. 

as Trpwra pev aTVTnrfioTrwXrjs yiyveTai, 90 

OS TrpoiTos f^(i T^r TroXfcoy tu Trpc'iypara. 

Nic. eis ovToal ttcoXt;?. ti TovvT€v6fv ; Xeyf , 

Dem. pfTa tovtov avBis t: pofinTonco\qs 8evTepos. 

Nic. 8vo Ta>8e TrcoXa, /cat tI T6v8e xph TTuGe'iv • 

Dem. KpaTf'iv, eas eTtpos dvrjp ^8f\vpa>Tepos 95 

avTOv yevoiTO' fiera St tovt dnoWvTni. 
fTTiyiyveTai yap ^vpcronwXrjs 6 IIa0Xaya)i/, 
apnu^, KtKpaKTrjs, KvKXo/3opou (pavfjv fx'^"- 

Nic. TUV irpn^aTOTToArjv t/v tip diT(>kt(T6ai xp^av 

irjTo ^vpaonaXov j Dem. vt] At . 100 

Nic. olfioi bflXaios. 


TTodfV ovv av en yepoiro ttojXijs els fiovos ; 
Detn. eV' eorii' els, VTrep(f)va Te)(yr}v i'x^av. 
Nic. etTr', dvTi^oXa), rls icmv ; Dem. (inoi 5 AvV. 1*17 Ai'a. 
Dem. dXXaiTOTTcoX/ys 'iaff b roiiTov e^eXCov. 
Nic. tiXXai/roTTcoXT;? • h IlocreiSoi' r^y rexvrjs. 105 

0ep6 TTov Tov avSpa tovtov e^evprjaofiev ' 
Dem. ^r]T<hp.ev avrov. 
Ntc. tiXX 651 ttpodipyerai 

SxTirep Kara deiov els dyopdv. 
Dem. o) naKapie 

aXXai/TOTTcoXa, devpo 8evp', w (piXraTe, 

avajBaive crcoTTjp tjj TroXet Koi vatv (paveU. no 

S. S. tL earl j tl pe KaXelre ' 
Dem. hevp eXff, "iva nvdr] 

as evTVxrjS ei Koi peydXas evdaipouels. 
Ntc. 161 8r], KddeX avrov rovXeov, ku.1 tov 6eov 

Tov xp-qcrpov dvah'iha^ov avrov as e'xf' 

eyw 8 lav TvpodKe^opat rov UaCpXayova. 11 j 

Dem. aye 8tj ctv Karddov Trpwra ra <TKevi] ;^a/;iai" 

eneira rrjv yrjv irpocTKvaov kol rovs deovs. 
S. S. Ibov' Tl eariv ; 
Dem. h paKdpi , oi TrXovcrte, 

u) vvv p.ev ov8e\s, avpiov S' inreppeyas' 

M rav ^A6r]vS>v rayi ru>v evhaipovodv . 1 20 

.S". S. ri p , (bydd , ov nXvvetv eas rds KoiXius 

TTcoXfli/ re rovs dXXdvras, dXXd KarayeXas ; 
Dem. J) pcope, ttoIos KoiXias ', devpl ^Xene. 

ras (rTi\as opas ras rwvSe rcov Xaav ; S. S. 6pu>. 
Dcm.Tovrmv dirdvrav avros dp)(^eXas ecrei, 125 


Kai Ttjv ayopai Koi tu>v Xtfitvcov (cat ttjs ttvkvos' 

0ov\r]u naTTjacis Koi (TTpaTrjyovs (cXacrrao-ftf, 

Sijcrets, cf>v\d^(i.s, fv npvTavtia Xat(cd(rets, 
^. S. e'yco ; 
Dent. (TV fiivTOi' Kovhinu> yt Trdvff opas. 

akV inavd^r^di Kimi rovXeov to81 i 30 

Koi KUTi8f Tus VTjcrovs anadas iv kukXo). 
S. S. KaOopco. Dem.TL hal; rapnopia Ka\ tus oXKaBas ', 
S. S. eycoye. 
Deni. TTU)^ ovv ov ^je-ydXcos ivi!')aiixr)va.s ', 

en vvv TOP o(^6aKp.ov TtapaQciW eis Kapiau 

TOP St^iov, Tov S' iTfpov ils Kak)(rjh6va. I 35 

.S". .S". fv8aip.ovrj(To) 6*, ei bia<rTpn(^T](Topiai; 
Deni. ovK, dKXa 8ia crov ravra Travra Trepvarat. 

yiyvei yap, u>s 6 xprjcrpLOs ovToa). Xeyei, 

avrjp (ieyicTTOs. 
S. S. f (Ve poi, Koi 7rw9 iya> 

dXXaiTOTrcoX/ys cop uvrjp yevr]( ; 140 

Dem. hi aiiTO yap toi tovto koi ■ytyj'et p.tyas, 

oTLTj irovTjpos nd^ ayopai ei Ka\ Opaavs. 
S. S. OVK a^LO) 'yo) pnvrbv l(T\veiv p-fya. 
Devi, ("ipoi, Ti TTOT 'ia6^ on aavTov ov cf)r]s a^iov ' 

^vvfi8evai n p.01 So/cft? travroi koKov. 145 

pu>v (K KtiXcov ft KayaOav \ 
S. S. p.a Tovs Beovs, 

(I pf] K TTOVTjpcOP y. 

Dem. 2> paKapu r^i rvx^js, 

orrov TTfTTovdas dyadov eh ra Trpaypara. 
S. .V dXX , ojyd^', ovSe fiovaiKfjv iiricrrapai, 


•nKr]v ypa^^uTcov, koi ravra /levroi koko icaKots. 150 

Dem. TOVTi \i.6vov a €^\a\j/ev, on koi KaKo. kuko)!. 
fj 8rintiycoyia yap ov npos p.ovcnKov 
(T ((tt\v (ivhpus ov8e xprjaTov rovs rponuvs, 
oXX' els up,a6rj Kcti ^8e\vp6u. aXKa /xij Trapfjs 
a (TOi biSoaa ev rois XoyiuiaLv 01 6eoi. 155 

S. S. TToss fiijra (liija 6 ;^pj7(r/idf ; 

Dem. ev vfj roiis deovs 

KOI 7roiKi\(j)S TTcos Koi (Ta(f)S)s rjviypevos. 
'aXX' onorav papyj/j] ^vpcraUros a.yKv\o)(T]\T]s 
yap(pr]\fjcn, bpaKOvra KoaXtpov cilpaTonuirriv, 
Si] TOTS nacfiXayovcov pev anoXkvTai j] aKopoduKp}], 160 
KuiXtoTrojKjjatv 8e Beos peya kv8os ona^fi, 
a'i Ka nfj TrcoXelu aXkai/ras paXKou eXcovrat. 

S. S. ttZs ovv ivpos e'/xe raur iarlv • avahihacTKe pe. 

Dem. ^vpcraieros pev 6 Ilat^Xaycov iaB" ovTOcri. 

S. S. tI 8' dyKv\o)(Tj\rjs eaTivj 165 

Dem. avro ttov Xe'yei, 

OTi dyKvXaii rats x^po"''' upTrd^av (^f'pet. 

S. S. 6 dpuKOiv 8e TTpos ri " 

Dem. TovTO nepKJiavea'TaToi'. 

6 SpaKdV yap eort paKpbv o t dXXas av paKpoV 
CIC7 aip,aTOTTiOTrjs f<To o T aXXas x^ opaKcov. 
t6i> ovv dpaKovrd (f)r]ai tov ^vpcraUrov 1 70 

tjBtj KpaTi]aeiv, at Ke pr) 6a\(f)6fj \6yois. 

S. S. ra pev \6yi aiKaXXei. pe' davpd^a) S' oTTas 
Tuv Brjpov olds T (TTiTpoTj-fveiv (ip eyu). 

Dem. cfiavXoTaTov epyov' tuvB' dnep ttokIs noief 

TapaTTe Kal x^opdev' opov za irpdypara 1 75 


mravTa, Kai tov brjixov a«l Trpocmoiov 

VTToyKvKawav prjuariois fxayapiKo'is. 

TO. h aWa croi TTpoaeari hrjiiayayiKa, 

(fxuvrj fxiapUj ytyovas KaKcas, dyopaioi ft' 

fXfis anavTa rrpos tvoKLTelav 6. bii' i8o 

XpT](Tfini re crvpfiaivavGi kqi to TIvdiKou. 

dWa (TTtcfinvoii, Kol crnevhf tco KoaXepo)' 

XdiTTcos apvvfi TOV (iv8pa. 

[Knights, 40-222.] 


Strepsiades, Pheidippides, Slave, Socrates, Disciples, 


Strep. 'lou lav' 

2} Z(v /SacrtXeC, to xi'W'^ ''"'^^ wktuiv octov 

(iTTepnvTov, ovhenoB fjpe'pa yfvtjaeTai ] 

Ka\ pfjv TTciXai y dXefcrpvoVos TjKova eyoi' 

ot 8' OLKeTcu peyKOvaiv' ukX' ovk av Tipo tov, j 

aiToKoio 8rjT , 6) noXepe, ttoXXcoj' ovveKa, 

or* oiihe KoXd(T e^eari pot. tovs olKCTas. 

dXX' ouS' 6 XPW'^^ ovToai veavlas 

eyfiptTai t^s vvktos, dXXa Trepderai 

(V TTcWe cnavpaLi iyK(KopbvXr)p.ivos. 10 

aXX' et hoKfi, peyKaptv iyKfKoXvppevoi. 

dXX' oil Bvuapai deiXaios fvdfiv doKvopevos 

VTTO TTjs BaTrdmjs Koi ttjs (PuTprjs Kui tu>v ;(pfaji', 

bia TovTOVi TOV vl6v. 6 bi Kuprjv fp^coi/ 

imrd^eTai re koi ^vvapiKevtTai 15 

dvfiponoXfl ff iTTTTovs' fy<>> S dnoXXvfJiat, 


opwf ayovarav rfjv (reXrjvrjv etudSas' 
ol yap TOKoi )(a)povaiV. anre, nai, Xv^vov, 
KtiKCpepe TO ypappare'iov, 1v avayvoi \afioiv 
onocroi.^ ocpeiXoo Kai Xoy/crco/xai tovs roKovi. 20 

(bip" I'Sco, Ti ocpeiXo) ; ScoSe/ca pvas Haffia, 
Tov ficoSeKa pvas Ilaata ; ti (xPW^i'-W j 
or' €Trpidpr)v tov KomraTLau. o'lpoi TiiXas, 
flff f^enoTrrjv irporepov tov o(p6aXpov Xi6a. 
Phei. $iXq)1', aStKels" TKavve tov a-avrov bpopov. 25 

Strep. TOVT ifJTL Tovr\ to kokov o p.' anoXuiXeKev' 

oveipoTToXfl yap Ka\ Kadtvdcop InTnKTjv. 
Phei. TToaovs 8p6povs eXa ra noXfpio'TJ]pia ' 
Strep. e/xe piv (tv ttoWovs t<w naTep ikavvds hpopovs. 

arap ri XP^°^ ^^^ H-^ peTa tov Uaaiav j 30 

rpetj pval. 8t<ppiaKov /cat Tpo)(o'iv Apvvia. 
Phei. anaye tov tirnov e^aXlaas o'lKode. 
Strep. dXX\ w peX\ e^ijXiKas ipi y e*c Tii/ ipwv, 
ore Kcii biKas u>(f)XriKa p^wrepot tokov 
eVe;(vpdo-ea-^at' (paaiv. 35 

Phei. ertov, w Trarep, 

tL 8v(TKoXalv€is Ka\ (TTp€(^n Tfjv vv^ff oXt^v J 
Strep. baKvei pe STjpapx^us riy (K toiv (TTpapdrcov. 
Phei. fa(TOV, S) duipovie, Karahapduv ti pe. 
Strep. (TV 8' ovv Kud(v8f' ra be XP^'^ TavT lad oti 

fs rfjv Kf(f)aXrjv anavra ttjv (rfjv Tpf\f/eTai. 40 


(Iff a>cj)eX' T] npopvT](TTpi dnoXeaSai KaKcos, 

rJTis pe yr]p eTTrjpe Tt)v o'tjv prjTfpa' 

e/iol yap rjv aypoiKOS ijfitoros /Si'of, 


eVpCl)Tl(OV, ClKOp-qrOS, (IkiJ KfL/KVOS, 

0pva>p p.(XiTTcns K(u Trpo^aTots Kal aTffKpvXon. 45 

fneiT eyqiia MeyaKXeovc tov MfyuKkeovs 

d8(K(pt8r)v uypoiKos oiv i^ uaretoi, 

afp.vfjv, rpv(})(baav, iyKtKouTvpanivrjV . 

Tavrrjp or iyapovv, (rvyKaTeKkivofMTjP eyat 

o^wv Tpvyos, Tpaaias, ipiav Trepiova-las, 50 

fj b ail fivpov, KpoKOV, KaTayXcoTTicrixdTcov, 

8aTTdvT]s, Xacjivypov, K(o\id8os, T{i>(TvWi8oi. 

ov p.r]V epu) y as dpyos fjv^ dXX* iandda. 

eyu) 8 av avrf) 6olfxdriou deiKvvs roSt 

TTpuCJiaaiv i'<fia(rKop, w yvpai, Xiap (nradas. 55 

Slave. eXcuop fjp.lp ovk epear eV tm \vxvoi. 

Strep, oip.01' TL yap fiot top ttottjv ^Trrej 'Kv)(pop ; 

8evp^ eXff, "ipa KKdjjs. Slave. 8id tI S^ra Kkav- 
( • 

Strep, on tup ■naxnutp eperidds 6pvaWi8a>p. — 

perd TavB , ottcos kuv tyeped' vlos ovrocrl, 60 

epoi T€ S17 KOI Tji yvpaiKi Tayadji, 

TT(p\ TovpopaTos 8f] pTfvdep €\oi8opovp.(6a' 

Tj p.€p yap inn OP "^tpocrtTiOd irpos Tovpopa, 

SdpOnnrop i} Xdpnrnop ij KaWiTTTriSrjp, 

eyo) Se tov Trdnnov Wideprjv <i>fi8copi8TiP. 65 

reuis pep oiiv iKpipopeff' (ha tw xpovca 

Kniifi ^vpe^rjpfp Kudepfda ^ti,8i.Trni8i]P. 

ToiiTOP Toi/ vlop Xapfdupova (K/'pi^ero, 

OTap (TV peyas S)p dpp' tXavvTjs irpos ttoXm', 

Sinirep MeyaKXfTjs, ^i'(rriS' '('xoip. I'yco 6' ffjiTiP, 70 

OTap fiep ovv Tas aiyas (k tov 'I'fXXewf, 


axTirep 6 waTTjp aov, 8i(ji6epav evTjppevos. 

a\\ ovK emdeTO toZ? ep.o'is ov8eu Xoyot?, 

aXX imrepuv pov KciTe)^€ev Tav ^(pripaTaiv 

vvv ovv oXrju Ti]U vvktu (ppovTi^wv, 68ov 75 

piav ei/pov urpairbv baipovias vnep^va, 

T]v r]v avairei<T(i> tovtovi, (roidrjaopai, 

oXX i^eyeipai npSiTOv avrov ^ovXopai. 

TTWff SiJT ay TJdia-T avrhv incydpaipi 5 ttcos ; 

^€1817777181], <^ei8iT7T7i8i.oi/. Phci. TL, w narep ; 80 

Strep. Kvdov pe Koi ttjv ^"pa ^os ttjv Se^idv. 

Phci. I80V. TL ea-TCV ; Strep, eljre pot, (piXels ipe ; 

P/iei. V>] TOU noCTfiSoJ TOVTOfl TOU 17777101'. 

Strep, ptj poi ye tovtov prj8apQ)s tov mmov' 

ovTOS yap 6 $e6s a'trios poi rav KaKan/, 85 

aXX fLTrep tK rrjs Kap8i(is p ovtcos (f)i\e1s, 

(o 7ia7, 77160V. Phei. t'l ovv tiiQapai 8x]ra aoi ; 

Strep. eKcrTpe\l/ov cos raxiCTa tovs aavTov rpoTTovSj 
Kcn pavOav eXQutv av eya> J7apaivt(r<a. 

Phei. Xeye 8rj, ri KeXeveis ; .Strep. Kai ti T7eicrei ; 90 

Phei. T7ei(Topai, 

VI] TUV Ai6vv(Tov. 

Strep. 8evp6 vvv aTrd/SXeTre. 

opas TO dvpiov TovTo Kai TcoKi8iov ' 

Phei. cpcj. Ti ovv TovT ecrrlv (Tew, a> Trdrep ; 

Strep. ■\lrvxa)V aocf)aiv tovt eaTl (ppovTicrTrjpiov. 

evravff ivoiKova av8pes ol tov ovpavov 95 

\eyovTes avaTreiOovcnv (ns ecTTiv T7viyevs 
KoxTTiv T7ep\ fjpas OVTOS, rjpe7s S' avSpoKes. 
ovToi SiSdaKova — apyvpiov rjv Tis 8i8co — 
C C 


Xfyoma vikCiv koi fitfcata KadiKa. 
Phci. eiorjf Se Tt'i'fs J ^ loo 

Strep. ovK oi8' aKpi^ws Tovvojia' 

fifpilivocppovTiOTai KoXoi T€ Kflyadoi. 
Phei. al^oi, novripoi y' oi^a. tovs aXa^ovag, 

Tovs i>xpi-a>VTas, Tovs dfVTroBi'jTovs Xeyfts" 

S)V 6 KUKoSaipav ^coKpuTTjs Koi Xaipe(p(i}V. 
Strep. rjTj, a-imna' ^xijdfv fLTrrjs vrjjriov. IC5 

d\X' €t Ti K7]8fi Tcov TTarpcoap aX(f}iTU)V, 

TovTu>'' ytvov poi, crx^acrapevos ti]v LirniKqv. 
Phei. OVK av pa tov Aiowaov, el doirjs ye poi 

TOVS (f)a(riavovs ovi Tptcpa Aewyd^as. 
Strep. iff, dvTi^oXcb <t\ w (^iXrnr dvOpdonav epol, no 

(\6(i)v 8i3a(TKov. Phei. K«t ri (yai pa6i](Topa\. ; 
Strep. eXvai Ttap avrols (paaiu ap(f)co tu) Xoyw, 

t6i» KpeirTov, oaris e(TT\, kgl tov jj-Tova. 


viKav \eyovTa (fiacri TaBiKCDTepa. 1 1 5 

fju ovv paSrjs jioi TOV adiKov toitov Xoyov, 
a vvv o0ei\co 8ia ae, Tovrutv tSuv xpe<iiv 
OVK av niToboiriv ovB av o^oXov ovSei/t. 

Phei. OVK av Tndolprjv ov yap av TXaLrjv Idelv 

TOVS lirneas to xpwpa hiaKeKvairr pevos . i 20 

Strep. OVK apa pa ttjv Arjprjrpa twv y epuw e8ei, 
ovT aiiTos ovd^ 6 ^vyios ovff 6 a-ap(jj6pas' 
dXX' e^fXm or' es KopaKas fK ttjs oIkIus. 

Phei. dXX' oi' Treptor/'frai p 6 Belos MeyuKXe'r;? 

(ivnnrov. d\X' eta-eipi, aov S' ov (PpovTiu). 125 

Strep. dXX' o^S' tyw pevToi rrtaav y< Kfiaopai' 


fiXX' fv^afievos roiaiv Sfoli di8u^o^ai 

(liiTos ^a8i^a)V (Is to (^poirndTrjpiov. 

Tras ovv yepcov coi/ Kuni\'](Tficov Koi (BpaOvs 

Xoycov uKpifioiv (TXivOaXufj.ovs padrjcropai " 130 

iTTfreov. TL TavT 'ij^av arpayYevofiai, 

uXX' ov^l KOTTTO) TTjv Ovpav ', TTcil, TToiSiop. 

Disc. ,S<iXX' is KopaKas' rls (.(T& 6 Ko^j/as rrjv Bvpav • 

Strep. <Pfi8a)Vos vlos ^rpeyf/^iaSrjs KiKvvvudev. 

Disc. up-aOi^s ye vr^ At , Cans ouTwcri acjjodpa 135 

(iTrepipfpipvos Ti]V Bvpav \ekuKTiKas 
KCLi (ppovTiS' e^TjplSXcoKas e^fvprjpevTjp. 

Strep. (jvyyvcodi poC ttjKov yap oIkoj twc aypav. 
dXX' fine poi to npaypa Tov^rjp^Xap.evoi'. 

Disc. dXX' ov 6epis ttXtjv to'ls padrjTolaiv Xeyeiv. 140 

Strep. Xeye in}v e'/iot Bappwu' iya yap ovTocrl 
tJko) padrjTTjs (Is TO (ppoirriaTripiov. 

Disc. Xe^cj. vopiaai Se Taira XR^ pvaTTjpia. 
avrjp(T apTL Xaip«p(i}VTa 'SoiKpaTrjs 
yjfvWav oirocrovs aXXotro tovs avTrjs iroBas' 145 
SoKovcra yap tov Xaipe(f)o)VTOs ttjv ocppvv 
eVi TTJV K((paXfjv TTju 2a>KpuTovs u(pTikaro. 

Strep. ttSs hrjTn tovt ip(Tpr)(T( ; 

Disc. 8(^ia)TaTa. 

KTjpov BiaTTj^as, (iTa Ti)v y\fvWav Xafioov 
(ve^a\l/(V (S TOV K-qpov avTrjs to) ttooc, 150 

Kara ylruxfta-rj ■!t(pu^v(Tav Il(p(TiKai. 
Tairras inroXvaas uv(perp(i, to x'^P'-ov. 

Strep. a> Z(v ^a(Tik(v, ttjs \(ttt6tt]tos tuiv (fjpevoiv. 

Disc. TL brjT uv, eT(pcv (I TTvOoio ScoKpdrovf 

C C 2 


(j)p6vri(TiJ.a ; Strep, ttolov • dvTt^oXa, KaTtnre 
fioi. 155 

Disc. dvr'jpfT avTov Xaipe(fici)v 6 2(firjTrio': 

OTVoTfpa Ti-jV yvwprjv ex^'-f ''""^ ejuTTiSo? 

Kara to crrop.' aSeii', f; Kara rovppoitvyiov. 
Strep. Tt briT (Kfh'os fine nepl Trjs eprribos ', 
Disc. f(f>naKfv dvat TovvTfpov r^r ipTrlbog 160 

crrevuv' Sia \enTov 6 ovroi airov ttjv TVvor]v 

^'la I3a8i^fiv fvdii Toippoirvyiov' 

t-TTfira KoTKov npos artva irporrKeipevov 

Tov TTpcoKTov tj^e'iv VTTQ /3/as TOV TTvevpaTos. 
Strep. (niXniy^ 6 npcciKTus itrriv lipa tcov epni8av. 165 

S rpicrpamptoi tov ^iieuTepeiipaTos. 

T) pablcos (^evyoiv tiv aTTocfivyoi biKTjv 

oaTis Bioibe TovvTepov Tr]s epnibos. 
Disc. 7rpu>r]V 8e ye yvaprjv peyuXr]!' d(f}rjpe$i] 

VTV dcTKaka^ioTov. Strep. Tiva Tponov] KUTeme 
fioi, 170 

Disc. ^rjTOvvTOs avTOv Trji (TfXr/i'r^s Tiis 68ovs 

Knl T«y Trepi(f)opa9, eiT ai'co KexrjvoTns 

OTTO tJjs' dpo(j>rjs vvKruip yaXeoJTrjs KaTi)(ecrev. 
Strep. r]affT]P ynKewTi] KuTa^eaavTi ScoKpurnvs' 
Disc. fx^es Be y Tjpiv helnvnv ovk tjv ecnrepas. 175 

Strep. eiev' t'i ovv npos TuXfjuT eirnkaprjaaTo ; 
Disc. KciTci TtjS TpatTe^r]s KaTUTrdcras 'KeTrrip' Tecppav, 

Kupy^fas olBe'hlcTKou, eha hinlir}Tr}v \ajiwv, 

(K Trjs TrakaifTTpas BolpuTiov v(f)eiXeTO, 
Strep. Ti ?iTjT (Kflvov Tt)v Qakrjv Bavpd^opev, 180 

uvoiy aroiy dvvaas tu cPpovTiaTrjpcnv, 


/cat bel^ov u)S TaxicrTd jjloi top '2a)KpuTT]. 

fjLadrjTio) yiifj' aXX* avoiye ttjv 6vj}av. 

o) HpcifcXfty, TavTi 7To8aTra to. drjp'ia • 
Disc. tI eQavixaaas ; raJ aoi Sokovctlv elKevai ; 185 

Strep. Tois (K UvXov \7](l^6ii(n, rois AoKcoviKoh. 

arap tl ttot ev rrjv yrjv l3\eTrovaiv qvtou ' 
Disc. ^rjTOvaiv ovtoi to. Kara y/ys-. 
Sifep. l3o\^ovs apa 

^rjTovcn, pr'j vvv rovToy\ cfipovrl^eTS' 

eyo) yap oiS lu etcri fieyaXoi Kal koKoL ifjo 

Tl yap otSe dpaxnv ol o-cpoSp' eyKeKvcfxires ', 
Disc. ovTOL 8 ep(j3o8icjiu)(Ttv iiTTO Tov Tdprapou, 
Strep. TL 8^6' 6 npcoKTus is tov ovpavuv ^Xe'nei • 
Disc. avTos Ka6' aiiTov da-Tpovopelv StSacrKcrai. 

«XX eio'iB , ii/a pj] Kelvos rjplv cttltiixj). 195 

Strep. prjTTco ye pi]n(o y, dXX' inipiivavTOiv, Iva 

avToiai /coti/cocrco Ti TTpaypaTiov ipov. 
Disc. aXX 011;^ oiw T avToicri npos tov ue'pa 

e^co diarpl^eiv ttoXvu uyav icTTiv xpovov. 
Strep. Trpus tcov 6eu>v, tl yap Ta3' eaTLU ; fine poi. 200 
Disc. daTpovopia pev avTi]i. Strep. tvvtI Be ti ; 
Disc. yeapeTpia, Strep, tovt' ovu tl icrri xp'^O'ipov ; 
Disc. yijv cluapeTpe'icrdaL. Strep. iroTepa Tip K\i]pov- 

Disc. ovKj aXXa ttjv (rvpivacrav. 

Strep. duTilov Xeyeti". 

TO yap CT6(pL(Tpa 8r]poTiKov Ka\ xPW^H-°^' ^05 

Disc. avTT] 8e aoL y?js nepiooos TraV/jf. opas ', 

ai8e piu 'Adijvni. 


Strep. Ti (TV Xeyeis ', ov irtidoyLai, 

eVet biKaaras ov)( opco Kadrjfiepovi. 
Disc. oiS TcvT uXrj6S)S Attikov to xcopiov. 
Strep. KQi TTOu KiKvw^s etcrli/ ov\xoi 87/iorat ; 210 

Disc. ivraxiff eueiaiv. 17 8e y' 'EiijioC , w? opas, 

fjhX napaTerarai, fiaicpa. noppco ndvv. 
Strep. Old'' xnvo yap fjfjLa>v irapfTaOr] kol HepiKkiovs. 

dW f] AaKeBaipcov irov 'arriv J 
Disc. OTTOV arlv ; avTql. 

Strep. 0)5 iyyhs fjp.ciiv. tovto navv (ppovTi^fre, 215 

TavTTjv d(f) rjp.S)v dnayayelv Troppco vrdw. 
Disc. aXX' ov)( oiov re vf] Ai. 
Strep. olp.u)^e<Td upa. 

4>fpf Tii yap ovTOS outtI ttJs Kpepddpas dvqp ; 
Disc. avTos. Strep, tis avros ; Disc. 'EcoKpaTTjs. 
Strep a> Scofc/jarfs. 

i^' OVTOS, avctjiorjaou avTou poL piya. 220 

Disc. avTOS pep ovv crv KaXeaov' ov yap put ax^oXfj. 
Strep. 2) 2diKpaT(s, 

0) '2coKpaTi8iou. Socr. t'l pe KuXds, u)(l)Tjpepf ; 
Strep. irpcoTov pev o ti 8pas, dvTi(^o\o), /caVftTre pci. 
Socr. depolSaTO) Ka\ TrtpicPpovo) tuv rfXiov. 225 

.Strep. (TTfiT uTTo Tcippov tovs deovs vnepcfypovfis, 

dXX' ovK dub TTfs yf]S, flnep. 
Socr. oil yap av noTe 

(^evpov 6p6(j}s TO. peTeapa vpaypara, 

fl prj Kpepdcras to vurjpa KaX ttjv (jipovriSa 

X^TTTTji' Kurapi^as (is tuv opoiov depa. 230 

(I 8 S)V X"/^'' T<"tV(0 KUTcoBev iCTKonovv, 


o\)K av nod eiipov' ov yap aXK' tj yrj (Ha 
e'S.Kfi Trpoi avTrjv ttjv iKpdda rfjs (ppovrldos. 
7rd(r;^et 8e ravTu tovto koI to. Kapdapa. 

Strep, ri (pi'i^ ; 235 

T] (ppovTis eXfcet ttjv iKpdd' els ra Kupdapa ; 
161 wv, KaTu^r]d\ a> 'ScoKpuTidiop, coy epf, ' 

iva pe 8i8d^r]s SiVTTfp ei/(K €Xr]\v6a. 

Socr. fjXOes be Kara ri; 

Strep. fiovkopevos paOdv Xeyeiv. 

VTTo yap TOKcov xpr](TT(ov re SvaKokwraToiv 240 

ayopai, (pe'popai, ra f^p-qpar ivi-)(ypu^opai, 

Socr. TTodev S' iiTToxpfcos cravrov eXades yevopfvos J 

Strep, voaos p enerpiyj/fu iTTTriKrj, SfiPi) cjiaydv. 

aXXd pe 8L8a^oi> tov erepov roiv croiv \6yoLV, 

Tov prjhev anodifiuvTa. picrdou S' ovtlv civ 245 

irpaTTTf p opovpai aoi KaTadrjcreiu rovs decvs. 

Socr. TToiovs 6eovs opel av ; TrpS>Tou yap 6fo\ 

Tjplv VOplcrp oIk €(TTl. 

otrep. TO) yap opvvT ] i) 

cnhupioicriv, coanep iv 'Rv^avrlw ; 
Socr. ^oiXei rd Be'ia Trpdypar eldevai aacfyws 2:0 

OTT ecrrlv 6pda>s ', Strep, vrj At", e'lrrep eari y(. 
Socr. Kal ^vyyeviaQai, raXs NecpeXaiiJiv ey Xoyovs, 

Ta2s fjpeTepaiai baipocriv ', Strep. pdXuTTd ye. 
Socr. KuBi^e TOiPvv irri tov lepov (TKipTioha. 
Strep. 180V Kddrjpai. 255 

Socr. ToiTovl Toivvv Xa/3e 

rhv (TTeCpapov. 
Strep. f'ni tL (jric^avov, otpoi, ^wKpares, 


oitTTrep nf Tov ?i6a^avff oncci fifj 6v(T€T{. 
Socr. ovK, aWa ravTa iruvra tovs reXovfievovs 

fjij.(LS TTOiovfifv, Strep. (Ira 8t) r'l Ktphavu) ; 
Socr. \iy(iv yivi](T€i rpififia, KpuraXov, TratTraXr]. 260 

tiXX' ?;^' dTpep-i. Strep. fiaTuvAi ou •v|/'ei/(ret -ye fie" 
' KiiTaTTUTTopevos yap TranraXr] yev^o'opai. 

Socr. (vcfjtjpelu xprj tov 7rpea^vTT)v Koi ttJs fvxv^ xmaKoveiv. 

o) heanoT "Va^, afieTprjT A.T]p, os ('xfis ttjv yrjv 


Xafinpos T Al6r]p, crepvui re deal Nc^e'Xai ^pov- 

TTjaiKipavvoi, 265 

upBrjTe, (puvrjT w decnroivai, rw (ppovTicTTrj fxereccpoi. 

Strep. /LiTjTTO) prjTTa) y(, Trplv av jqvtX ■nrv^uip.ui, firj Kara- 

TO he prihi KvvTJv olKodev eXdelv ep.e top KaKobalpov 

Socr. i\6iTe ^rjT, 0) noXvTLjXTjToi Ne^t'Xat, two' els eVt- 

tir' err' 'OXvuttov Kopv<f>ais lepais xiovofSXrjToiai 

KuOrjcrBe, 270 

ftr' 'QfcenfoC Trarpas iv KtjTroii lepov xopbv larare 

(It upa Net'Xou npoxpas vbarav ;)^/3Ucreats' apmecrBe 


17 MatcoTii/ XipuTjv exer rj aKOTreXov vK^oevra Mi- 

pavTos' . 
VTTaKuvaiiTe be^'tpevai Bvcriav nai toIs iepo^ai X^P' 

Chorus devaoi Ne^eXat, 275 


cipdrnfiev (pavepai Bpoaepav (pvaiv evdyrjrov, 
rrarpos air' 'Q.Keai>ov ^apva^eos 
{jyJAriXoiV optav Kopv(pas eVi 
deuSpoKupovs, Lva 

Trjkecpaveis aKonius a(^opatp(6a, 280 

KapiTOVs T dpdopevav Upav )(66pa, 
Koi TTOTapwv ^adecov KfXabrjpaTa, 
Koi TTOVTOv Kikahovra ^apv^popoV 
oppa yap aWepos aKiipaTOV (reXayetrai 
pappapeais iv avyais. 285 

aXX' dTroaeiadpfvai ve(pos op^piov 
ddavdras I8eas imh<x>p(6a 
TrjXiaKUTTO) oppaTi ya'iuv. 
Socf. o) p.(ya aepvai Nf^eAat, (fiavfpws rjKovaaTe fiov 

rjcrdov (Pcovrji apa kqI ^povTrjs pvKrjaapivtjs 6eo- 

aeTTTOv ', 290 

Strep. Koi ae^opai y', Si TTokvTiprjToi, Kai ^ovXopai 

TTpos ras ^povrds' ovTas avras TeTpepaluo) koi 

Kel Bepis icrrlv, vvvi y r^hrj, Kel p.t] Qipts eiTTi. 

Socr. ov pT] (TKaiyf^ei. p^rjbe iroirja-eis anep oi rpvyubaipoves 


aXX ev(})T]p€i' peya yap ti 6fS>v Kiretrat cprivos 
doi^aii. 295 

Chorus, napdevoi op^potpopoi, 

eXduipev Xnrapdv )(66va riaXXciSoy, fvap8pou ydu 


KeKponos o-^ofievai TToSvrjpaTOv' 
oil ae^as dpprjTcov Upav, tva 

pvoToBoKos 86pos 300 

ep TfXerms ayiais dvadeiKfVTai, 
ovpaviois re 6fois 8(oprjpaTa, 
vaoi ff vyl/(p€(pf7s Koi dyaXpara, 
KUi 7rp6ao8oi paKaputv Upitrarai, 
eiarecpavol re deSiv dvaiai BaXicn re, 305 

TTavTodaTTuis iv wpais, 
TjpL T eTrepxopevu) Bpupia xapts, 
evKe\d8a)v re -^opav epedia-para, 
Kal Movcra j3apvl3popos aiXaJj/. 
Strep. TTpos Tov Atos dvrt^oXco erf, (^pdcrov, rives e'la, S) 

2o3KpaT€s, avTui 310 

al (jidey^dpevai tovto to aepuuv " pu)v fjpuvai rivfs 

elcTLu ; 
Socr. TJKiar, dW ovpdviai Ne^eXat, peydXai dfoi dv8pd- 

atv dpyois' 
amep yvuprjv koi 8ui\(^iu Koi vovv r^plu napex^ovcri 
Kai repareiav kuI nepiXe^iu koi Kpovatv Koi Ka- 

Strep. ravT up aKovaaa avrav to <p6typ' ?} yf/vx^) H'^^ 

TTtnoTijTaij 31^ 

Kai XfTTToXoyelf rj8rj ^rjTfl kuI Trepl Kanvov ore- 

Kaiyva>pt8LO)yvo)pTjv vv^acr ere pa Xoyco avTiXoytjaai' 
03(TT , et TTcos k'cTTiVj I8e'iv avras fj8T) (jiapepo)! iniBvpui. 
Socr. (BXene vvv 8evpi npos rrjv ndpvrjd'' t'j8t] yap opcj 



rjavxa ravras. Strep, (pfpf, ttov, hei^ov, ^wpova 
avrai ; 
Socr. ndvv ttoXXo), 320 

8ia tS)v KoiXwv Koi twv Satre'cor, avTcu TrXciyiai. 
Strep. Ti TO XPW^ j 

COS oil Kadopu). Socr. itapa. t^v e'lcrodov rjdrj. 
Strep. vvvL /no'Atj ovtws. 

Socr. vvv yc rot I'jbrj Kadopqs avrus, (I prj \r]pas ko- 


Strep. VT] At" eycoy, w TToKvTLp.rjToi, Tvavra yap rjhrj 
KaTe^ovai. 324 

Socr. Tavras pevToi crv deas ovaas ovk jj^rjs ovb' e'vopi^es j 
Strep. fia At , oXX' opi^X-qv koi bpoaov avras rjyovfxrjv Kiil 

KaiTvov eipat, 
Socr. ov yap pa At oiad' oTirj TrXe/crrous avrat ^ocrKovai 
oovpiop,dvT€ts, larporexvas, a(ppayt.8ovv\apyoKo- 

kvkX'kcv re ;^opwj/ do-paTOKapTrras, av8pas perewpo- 

ov8ev BpaiVTas ^6(tkov<t dpyovs, on ravras poiicro- 


Strep. TavT cip' eTroLovu vypdv Nec^eXaz/ crrpiivTaiyKav 

hdlov opudvy 
■rrXoKapovs & (KaToyKe(f)dXa Tv(pci>, iTpr]p.aivova-as re 

eiT depias, biepus, yapyj/ovs olavovs depoprjxels, 
opjSpovs B v8dT(i)V hpovepdv Nec^eXai/" etV dvT 


396 AR ISTO r II A NE S. 

Kearpau rffxcix'] fifyakai' ayaOav, Kpea r opvideia 

'"A'?^""- 335 

Socr. dia ptuToi rdcrS' ou)(\ StKaiws ; 

Strep. 'ki^ov 8r] poi, tI Tradovaai, 

iiTTfp ^€(})e\aiy flaiv a\T]6ios, dvrjToi.s f'l^aai yvvai^iv, 

ov yap (Kelvai .y elai roiavrai. 

Socr. 4'^P^, TTolai yap Tives eluiv ; 

Strep. uvK 01.8a (ra(pS)S' f'l^aaiv yovv epioicnv ■KfTvrap.^voKTi, 

Kovxi. yvvai^\v, pa Ai, ouS' OTioiiV av-ai Se pLvui 

i)(ovaiv. 340 

Socr. aiTOKpival vvv utt uv epcopai. 

Strep. "ktye vvv Ta)(tu)i o tl fiovXei. 

Socr. T^hr] TiUT aua^Xtyj/as f I'Ser Vf(f}e\7]v Kfvravpo) opoiav 

fj TrapdaXei ^ \vkco tj ravpeo ; 
Strep. p^ Ai" %yu>y , et'ra rt tovto ', 

Socr. y'lyvovrai ndvff o tl [iovkovTai' kut' yv pev 'idccxn 
aypiov Tiva rav Xacrioiv Tovrav, otofTrep tou Zivo- 
(fidvTov, 345 

(T/ccoTTTOucrai tijp paviav avTov KevravpoLi ijKacrav 
Strep. Tl yap, *]v apnaya tojv dqpoaiav KUTiduai ^ipaiva, 

TL dpcoaiv • 
Socr. UTTO'paLVovauL ttjv cjjvcriv avToii Xvkoi e^ai(j>in]s 

.Strep. TuvT opa, raiiTU KXecavvpov uvTai tuv pl^^arrTiLv 
X^^s Ldovacu, 
on BfiXoraTov tovtov fwpuv, eXa<puL 8ia tout' 
(ytvovTO. 350 



Socr. Kai vvv -y on KXaadivr] fiSov, opas, 8ia tovt 

iyivovTO yvvaiKf^. 
Strep. f^aipere toivvv, <u decnroivai' kol vvv, e'lnep tiv\ 
ovpavofxrjKij pri^are KufioX (fxovrjv, S) TranjSaacXeiai. 
Chorzis. x^V} ^ TTpea-^iJra naXaioyeves, drjpaTa Xoytoj/ ^iXo- 
(TV T€, XfTTTOTaTcov Xripcov Upfv, ^pu^e TTpor o 

ov yap av «XXcp y vnaKovcrmnev rwv vvv p-ereapo- 

ttKtjv t] UpodiKco, Tw p.ev a-o(pLas Koi yvoaprig ovveKa, 

(Toi 8e, 
OTi Ppevdvei T fv Toitriv oSotj kol rcLcpdaXpoi 

KavvirobTjTos koku ttoXX' oj/e^'et /ca^' aep-voTrpo- 

Strep. d) r^ rov (pdeyparos, wy Upov koi aepvov koI 

TepaTci)8ei. 360 

Socr. avrai yap toi pLOvai etirt Beat' rciXXa 8e ttclvt earl 

Strep. 6 Zeis 8' fjpiv, cjjfpe, Trpos t^s Trj^, ovXvpTnos ov 

6e6s icTTiv ; 
Socr. TTOios Zeuff ; ov pr) Xrjprjaeis' oiS' eari Z(vs. 
Strep. Ti Xeyets crv ; 

aXXa Tis vei ' tovti yap epoiy dnoCpTjvai TrptoTov 

Socr. avrat, 8rj ttoV p.€ydXoLs 8e a iya arjiifiois avTo 

8i8a^a>. 265 


^f'/jf, TTOu yap TTUTTOT lii'tv Nec^eXwi' vovr TJdr) 

TfOiacrm ; 
KaiTOi XP^^ aWpiai veiv avrov, ravras 6 Cmo- 

Strep. vr] tuv 'AttoXXco, tovto ye tol 8!} rw vvv Xo'yo) eii 
KaiToi TTporepov tov At" uKr]6a>s wpiTjv Sin KoaKivov 

nAX' o(TTis 6 jSpovTOiv iari (j)pdaov' rovro pe noifl 
TeTpepaiPfiv. 3 70 

Socr. avrai ^povTuxn Kvkivhopivai. 

Strep. Tw TpoTTM, CO TTcivTa av Tokpav ] 

Socr. orav epn\r]a6o}(T vbaros iroWov KavayKaadcon-c 
KaTaKprjpvdpfvai 7rXj7p€ts' op(Spov 81 dvdyKTjv, eha 

th aWrj\a9 epTTiTTTovcrai p-qyvvvTM Koi narayovaiv. 
Strep. 6 S' dvayKd^aiU earl ris avras, ovx o Zei/j, wore 
(pepeadai ; 375 

.^'ocr. T]Ki(TT , dXX' aWepios Slvos. 
Strep. Alvos ', tovti fi e\e\rjdrj, 

6 Zfus ovK Siv, rlXX' uvT avTov A'ii>os vvv\ ^aai- 

drap ovBev ttoj ntpi tov Trardyov Kai Ttjs f^povrrji 
p ibi^a^as. 
Socr. OVK fJKovads pov ras fie(peXas vdaros pearas on 


(pnnrTuv(Tai ets aWrjXas Trarayelv 6ta rrjv ttvkvo- 
rrjTa ; 380 



Strep. (j>epf tovtI tm xptj nL(TTfveiv ; 

Socr. OTTO (javTov 'yw (re hiba^m. 

fjSr] (<ofiov Uava6rjvaiot.s e'fnr'KTjadus etr' iTapaxBip: 
Tr]V yaarepa, Koi k\6vos f^ai(j)pr]s avTrjv duKopKo- 
pvyrjo-fu ; 
Strep. vTj Tov 'AttoXXcd, kuI 8(iva irniel y' ev6vs poi, kcu 
XuxJirep ^povTTj to fco/,u'Stoi/ Trarayfl Ka\ deiva k(- 
Kpajiv, 383 

urpefias Trparov Tramra^ Tramra^, KuneiT iirayei 

Xa)Tav x^C^} KOfMiBrj ^povra TrananaTTTra^, wuTTtp 
Socr. (TKiyj/ai to'ivvv otto yacrrpidlov tvvvovtovI ola ne- 

TOV S' depa rovb' ovt anepavTOV, Trwr ovk (Ikos 

fieya ^povrav ; 
Strep. ravT apa Kai Tavopar aXXrjXoiv, fipovrf] kuI nopSrj, 

6p.oi(o, 3()0 

aXX 6 Kepavvos TTodev av CJieptTai \dp7Ta)v irvpl, 

TovTo 8i8a^ov, 
Kcii KaTa(f}pvyei jSaXXwj/ ^pus, rovs be ^covTas ntpi- 

ToiiTov yap 81) cfiavfpcos 6 Zevs itjct' eVl rovs 


Socr. Koi TTws, w pape av kol Kpoviap o^cov Ka\ /3e/c- 
enrep ^oXXet rovs tmopKovs, 8rJT ov;^! 'S.lpav ive- 
nprjafv 35- 


ovhk KXecii'u^oi/ ouSe Qeapov ; koltoi a^jioSpa y 

fia eniopKoi' 
uWa Ti)V avTov ye peMV ^dXkei Koi ^ovvlov ciKpov 

Kfit T«? SpiJ? Tus peyaXas' ri ttuOuiv ' ov yap 8r] 

8pvs y fTTlOpKfl. 

Strep. ovK old ' drap fv av \eyeiv (palvei. t'. yap ffrriv 

8tj6 6 Kepavvos ', 
Socr. orav els Tavrai iivepos ^rjpos perecopiadels kutu- 

KXetcrBji, 400 

epBndfv alras wcrnep Kvariu (fjvaa, Kimeiff inr 

prj^as avTuf e^to (ptperai croiSapos Sta rrju TrvKvd- 

VTTo Tov poi^Sov Ka\ Trjs pvprjg avros eavTov Ka- 

Strep. VT] Ai , eyw yovu aTe)(yu>s enadov tovtl nore 

CDirrav yaarepa Toli avyyeveaiv, kot ovk €(T)(a>v 

apeXrjcras' 405 

T] ap ecpvaar , eir (E^aKpvrjs oi.aAnKr]cra(Ta irpos 

Tiio(p6a\pci) pov TTpocrfTiXtjcrfv Ka\ KartKavcrfv to 


C/ior»s. o) TTJi pfydXrjs (Tridvprjaas (Tocplas (tvdpcone Trap' 

wj (vBaipcDV (V ' ABrjvaiois Ka\ toIs E\Xt](ti yevfjaei, 

ft pvrjpoiv €1 Ka\ (ppoiTiCTTrjs zeal to TokatTTCopov 

evetrriv 4 1 o 


fiTjTe piycov a)(0fi \iav, [xtjt apurrav eTTidvfxds, 
oivov T uTTix^i Koi yvfivaaicov Koi tcov uKKwv 

Koi ^i\Ti(TTov TOVTO vo[ii^(is,oTrep eLKOs 8e^ibvav8pa, 
viKUP TTpaTTav Koi /SouXtvo)!/ Koi rfi yXaTTr] rrciXf- 

pi^cov. 4x5 

strep. dXX' ffCKeu ye yl^v)(?jv crTeppas tvaKoXoKoirov re 


Koi (peL8(i)\ov nal rpucrtjSi'ov yaarpos koi Ovp^peni- 

ap,ekei 6appu>v, ovveKa tovtoov eTn)(aXKeveiv irape- 
XotfJL av. 
Socr. SKKo Ti brjT ovv vopiels fj8r] 6e6u oiSev ttXijv anep 
TO Xuos tovtI Kai Tits Ne(^eXa9 (cai Trjv yJiarrav, 
Tpia ravTL ', 420 

Strep, ovd av 8i,a'\ex.d(ir]v y aTt-^va^ rols SXKois, ov8^ 
av anavTuv' 
ov8 av Bvcraip! , oliK av anelaaip^ ovS' (Tiideirjv 
Chorus. Xe'ye vvv rjplv o tl aoc Spcopev, Bappcov, &)s oik 
- aTV)(r]<TeiSj 
Tjpas Tipuiv Koi 6avpd^a)V Ka\ ^']TU)V de^ios (ivai. 
Strep. a> detTTTOLvai, deopai tolvvv {ip,u)v tovtI ttuvv 
piKpov, 425 

rSiv 'EjXki]Vix)V elvat. pe Xe'yetf fKarov OTaStottrn' 



Chorus. dXX' ecrrai croi tovto Trap fjfxuiu' ware to \onr6v 

y •> \ (\\ 
y ano tovoi. 

iv Tw hiipa) yvodfias oi^Setj viKt](r(i nXfiovas tj au. 

Strep. fJLT] jxoL y€ Xe'yeti' yvoofias fxeydXas' ov yap tovtuv 


aXX' OCT fp.avToy wrpei/zoStK/Jfrai Koi rovs XPW''^^ 

8io\icr6(lv. 430 

Chorus. Tiii^ei rolvvv aiv Ip-eipfis' ov yap p,€yd\cov (iri- 


[Clouds, 1-431.] 


Chorus of birds, 
ft <^iX»;, 2) ^ovdrj, 
(o (jjiKraTov opvfcov, 
iravTwv ^vvvofie twv ip.uiv 
vfivoiv ^virrpo(pi' dr]8ol, 

rjXdfs rjXOes, u)<p6rjSj 5 

r)8vv (fidoyyov e'/iot (pepova. 
dXX , 2) KaWi^oav KpeKOvcr 
av\6v <l)6fypa(Tiv r^ptvols, 
ap^ov tS)u dvaTTai(TTcov. 

"Aye 8^ (fivcriv uv8pes dfiavpofSioi, (jwXXav yevea Trpoa- 
6p.oioi, 1 o 

oXiyobpavefS, nXdcrpara TrrjXov, crKtoeiSea ^CX' iip.evr]va, 
dnrrji'fs f(f)r]pipioi, raXaol fipoTo\, dvepa eiKeXoveipoi, 
Trp6(T)(fTt Tov vovv Tins ddavdruis Tjp.'ip, Tois alev iovai, 
rols alOtpioii, Toiaip dyrjpois, toIs a(pdiTa nrj^o/ievoiaiv. 


Lv aKovcrames navra nap' tj/jlcov opdms ntp). riov perc- 

mpatv, 1 1, 

(f>v(nv olcovS)v yfvealv Tf deOiv norapav r 'Epe/3ovs re 

Xdovs re 
tioores opduis Trap ipov UpohUa kKuciv e'lTrrjre to Xninuv. 
Xaos rjv Koi "Sv^ ' Epe^os re peXav TTpwrjyv Koi Tdprapos 

77 8 ovt' drjp ovS' ovpavbs ^c" 'Epe^ovs S' eu dndpocri 


TlKT€l TTpaTlCTTOV VTTrjveplOV Nv^ Tj piKavoirTfpO^ 0)01', zo 

i^ ov nepiTeWopevais wpais ejSXacrTfv "Epcos 6 woBeivos, 
a-TiXj3(oi' vcoTov TTTepvyoiv xP^craiv, etKo)? dvepcoKfat. 8ivais. 
ovTos 8e Xaet mepoevTi piyds wxica Kara Tdprapoi/ evpvv 
fUfOTTfva-ev yevos rjpeTepov, koi Trparov dvr'jyayev e's (ficos. 
TTporepov 5' ovK r)v yevos ddavurav, irp'iv "Epas ^wepi^tv 
anavra' 2 e; 

^vpptyvvpevciiv 8' erepcov irepois yever ovpavbs aKtavos re 
Kai yfj ndvTcov re deS>u paKdpav yevos a(j)diTov. wSe pev eapev 
Tro\v TJ-pea^uTaToi Trdvrav fiaKdpitiV. rjpets S' coy ea-piv 

' EpcOTOS 

TroXXots drjXov' TTeropecrdd re yap Ka\ rolaiv epaxri, avv- 
ea-pev. -o 

iravra oe ovr]To7s ecrrlv d(j)' fjpSiv rav opvldoov tci peyiara. 
Trpcora pev u>pas (paivopev rjpfis ^p"S, p^ei^coi/oy, oTrajpas' 
(TTTfipeiv pev, orav yepavos Kpoi^ovcr es Ttjv Aijivrjv pera- 

Kai nr]8d\iov Tore vnvKXi'jpa (jipd^ei KpepdaavTi Ka6fv8(iv, 
(Ira 8 Opearr} ^Xalvav vcpaiveiv, a>a prj piyav d7ro8vr]. ^z, 
iKTivos 8' ail pera ravTa <pavf\s erepav wpav diro^uLViiy 



TjviKa TTficTeiv Sapa irpo^aTatv ttokov -qpivov' eira ^eXi8o>u, 
ore xpfj ^Xaivav TrcoXfii/ fj8ri koi \jj8dpi6v tl Trpiacrdai. 
fcrpiv S' vplv "Appav, Ae\(f)o\, AcoScoi't;, $oI/3os ' AttoWcou. 
(K66vt(s yap Trparov iir opvn, ovVco irpos anavra rpeVfcr^e, 
TTpos T ipTTopiav Koi Tvpos /Stdrou kttjctiv koi Trpos yap-ov 
dv8p6s' 4 1 

opviv T€ vopi^fTC Trdvd^ ocrmrep irepl pavrelas dioKplvei' 
<f>rjiJ.T) y vpiv opvis iari, Trrappov t opvida jcaXeire, 
^vp^oKov opviv, (pavTjv opviv^ deptiTrovT opviv, ovov opviv. 
2p' ov cf>avepa>s ripe'is IpAV fapev pavTtios 'AttoXXqji' ; 45 
riv ovv Tjpas vopiarjTe 6eovs 
f^ere )(prja6ai pavrtcri Moi;cra(s 
avpai9 wpais ;^e(|i&)i'i Bipei 
pfTpico TTviyei kovk aTrodpairres 

KaOeBovped' uvco aepvvvopevoi 50 

^apa Tois V€(pekais axmep ^(O} Zevs 
dXXa TvapovTes 8o}(Topeu vplv 
aiirdis TraicriJ/ ttuiocov Trairnp 

evSaipoviav fi'iov (Iptjvqu 55 

vfoTTjTa yiKara xopoiis OaKias 
yaXa t oppidtov 
ware irapfcrraL kottiov vplv 
imb rav ayaBuiv' 
oi/Tco ■KkovTr](TiTe iravres. 60 

Movcra "ho^pata, 
Tib Tib Tib Tib Tib Tib TiOT\y^, 
rroiKiXr]. pe6' tjt fyw 
vdnai(Ti Koi Kopvcfiuii iv opdais. 


Tto Tto Tih TioTty^, 65 

TIO Tto Tto TtOTty£, 

81 (fi^i yepvos ^ov6rjs fxeXecov 

Tlavl vofxovs lepovs dva<paiva) 

aefiva re fJ-^fpl ■)(opivyiaT optia, 'jo 


tuOev axTTTfp fj neXiTTa 

^pvvi\ns up(^po(ri(ov peXecov aTTf/SoffKero Kapnbv, del (f)e- 

pcov yXvKelav cudav, 

Tio Tio Tib TioTiy^, 75 

Et fisT opvidiov Tis vpcov, S) deuToi, /3oi)Xerat 

8iaTrkeKfiv ^wv r]8ea>s to Xoittov, w? rjpas iVco, 

ocra yap eaTiv iv6ah alcrxpa Tea vopco KpaTovfxeva, 

Tavra ttovt Iutiv itap rjplv to'ictiv opvicriv KoXd. 

fl yap ifddb' i(TT\v alaxpbv tov iraripa tvtttuv vopco, 80 

tovt €K€l KaXov Trap rjpiv iarXv, rjv Tis rw narpl 

TTpoadpapoiv e'lnj] iraTa^as, aipe TrXi^Krpoi', et pd^et. 

fl 8e Tvyxdvei tis vpccv 8pa7TtTT]s icrTiypevos, 

dTTayds ovtos nap ripiv ttockiXos KeicKrjaeTai. 

(I 8e Tvyxdvei tis u>v ^pv^ prjdev fjTTov l,Triv6dpov, 85 

(ppvyiXos opvis iv6db eaTai, tov ^iXijpovos yivovs. 

(I 8e 8ovX6s iaTi Ka\ Kdp aianep 'E^rjKeaTi^rjs, 

^utraro) Tzdirirovs reap rjpiv, Kal (pavovvTai (ppaTopes. 

et 8' 6 Hialov Tvpohovvai toXs dripois rots TTvXas 

/3ovXerai, TrepSt^ yevfcrdai, tov TraTpos veoTTiov' 90 

o)? Trap' Tjpiv ov8eu alaxpdf eaTiv iKirepdiiCLcrai. 

TOldte, KVKVOl, 

TIO Tib Tib Tib Tib Tib TtoTty^, 


(TV]x\iiyr] IBo7]V ofxov 

■JTTfpois KpiKOvres 'ia)(OV AttoXXo), g^ 

Tio T«o Tio rioriy^, 

o)(6a> ((f)f^6fj.evoi nap E^pou norapov, 

TIO TIO TIO noTiy^, 

8ia 8' alBtpiov vi(^os rj\di ^od' 

TTT?]^f 8e TToiKika cpiiXd re 6rjpu>v, lOO 

KvpoTa T ecr^eae vrp/fpos ai6pj], 


nas S' enfKTVTTTjfr "OXvpTTos' 

eiXe 8e 6dp^oi avuKTas' 'OXv/x7rta5es be ptXas Xdpires MoC- 

crat T eVtoAoXv^ai'. 105 

[Birds, 676-783.] 

Messenger, Peisthetairos, Chorus, Iris. 

Mess. lov Lov, Lov lov, lov lov. 

Pet's. tI to TTpaypa tovtI ; 

Mess. bdvoTara ireTvovOciptv. 

tS)V yap Bewp Tis apTi tSuv irapa tov Aios 
Sia tSdv nvKwv dcrtTTTaT els tov cupa, 
XaOoiv KoKoiovs (pvXaKas fipepocrKonovs. 

Pets. Si 8eiv6v fpyov Koi axeTXiov elpyaapevos. 
Tii Ta>i> 6eu)v ; 

Mess. ovK 'lapev ort S' el^e TTTepa, 

TOVT 'lapev. 

Pels. ovKOvv 8rjTa Trepnr6\ovs fXP*?" 

irefx^ai. Kar avrbv fvBvi; 


Mess. «XX' enejjL^afiev 

rptafivplovs UpaKas tTTTroro^oraf, 10 

;((opei Se Tray tis opvxa^ ijyKvXapei'Oi, 

Kfpxvrjs, rpiupx^^, y^i^) Kvpivbts, deros' 

pvprj Tf KOI TTTepottrt Koi poi^ijpaaiv 

aldrjp Sovehai tov d(ov ^rjTOvpevov' 

KiicTT ov paKpav iiTraidei', aXX' ivravda. rrov 1 5 

^Of) (TTIV. 

Peis. ovKovv (r(})(v86i>as SfT \apfiav(iv 

Kcu To^a' X'^P^' 8evpo nas vTrrjperTjs' 

To^fve, Tra'if, acfifvdovrjv tis pot Sotco. 
Chorus. TTokepos aXptrai, noXepos ov (f}aT6s 20 

TTpos ipe Koi diovs. ak\a cf)v\aTTe Tzas 

aipa nepivecpeXov, ov ' Epe^us ereKero, 

pj] ae Xddj] 6eu)V tis TavTj] nepSiv' 

(idpei 8e nas ki;/cXol) <tkoitu)v 

ft)S eyyvs rjbr] baipovos ireSapcriov 25 

8iVT]s TTTepajTos (pBoyyos e^aKoviTai. 
Peis. avTTj av no'i ttoT TreVet ; peu rjavxas, 

ex CLTpipas' avTov ottjO'' fTriax^s tov 8p6pov. 

TIS ft ; TTobanr] ; Xeyeiv exprjv onodev ttot ei. 
Iris. irapa tSuv Beav eyaiye twv 0\vpT[i(iiv, 30 

Peis. ovapa be aoi ti eaTi, ttKo'iov, r) kvv'j ; 
Iris. ^Ipis Taxela. Peis. TldpaKos, fj 2a\apivia ; 
Iris. TI he tovto " 
Peis. TavTrjvl tis ov ^vWrj\f^(Tai, 

dvanTdpfvos Tpiopxos ', 
Iris. epe (TvWri\l/-eTai ; 

tI ttot eoTt TOVTi TO KOKou J Peis. olpm^eL paKpd. 3 j 


Ins. aroTTOv ye tovti npayna. 

Pcis. Kara Tvo'ias nvKas 

elariXdfs (Is to T{'i)('>s, a> fiiapoiTaTr] " 

Irjs. ovK olda na At" e'ycoye Kara noias TTvXas. 

Pels. TJKOvaas aiirris olov elpaveveTai ' 

Tj-pos Toi/s Kokoidpxovs Ttpoarjkdes ] oii Xe'yetr ; 40 
(T(ppaylb' €)(fis irapa raiv ireXapyav ', 

Iris. Tl TO KOKOV ; 

Peis. OVK eXafifs ; Ins. iytatVei? p^v ; 

Peis. ovBe avplSoXov 

imfiaXev opvidapxoi ovdfis <toi Ttapaiv ] 

Iris. pa At* ovk epoiy ine^aXiv ovbeis, S) pfXf. 

Pcis. K&neiTa BrjO" ourco (ncaTtfj 8i.a~(Tfi. 45 

Ota Trjs TToXecot Trjs dXXoTpias Kal tov x^^vi " 

Ins. TTOia yap aXXjj xpf) neTeadai tovs 6eovs ', 

Peis. OVK otSa pa At" cywye' T^Se pev yap ov. 

dtiKel 8e Koi vvv. apd y oiaSa Tovff ^ ort 
hiKaioTUT av XrjCJydelcra Traarwv 'Ipidoov co 

antdavfs, et tPjs d^iai eTvy^aves j 

Irts. dXX' dOdvaTos flp\ 

Pcis. aXX op(j)s h.v dneOava, 

bdvoTaTa yap rot Trfi(76ped\ ipo\ 8oKe7, 
ei Tcoj/ pev liXXav ap^opev, vpels S' 01 6eo\ 
aKoXaaTavfiTf, Kovheudi yvaxreaO^ oti 55 

oKpoaTeov vpiv ep pepei, TOiv KpfiTTovup. 
(j)pdaov 8e toI poi, to) nrepvyt ttoI vavcrToXels J 

Ins. eyco ; TTpos avOpuTTOvs ireTopai irapa tov naTpos 
cf)pdaov(Ta 6vfiv tol<; 'OXvpnlois dfois 
prjXoa-cpayflv re j3ov6vTois in ea^dpais 60 


Kviaap T dyvic'is. 

Pets. Tt ui) Xtyeis ', iroiois 6eols ; 

Irts. •noioKTiv ; iyjuli', Toty eV ovpavco Bfols. 

Peis. Qioi yap ii/ielj • Iris, tis yap eVr* aXXos deui ; 

Pels. opvides dii6pa>Troiai vvv elaiv deol, 

ois 6vT€OV avToiis, aXXa fia At oi) rw Au'. 65 

Ins. S> iiU)pe fiwpe, p.r] decov klvh (pptvas 

Seivas, OTTcos prj aov yeVoy TravaAeOpov 
Atoy jjLaKfWrj nav dvaarpe'^r] Alkij, 
Xiyvvs 8e acbpa Ka\ bopuv irepiTrrvxas 
KaTai6aXa}(Tri aov AiKvavlais /3oXmy. 70 

Peis. ciKovaov avrrj' irave twv 7ra(p\aapdTCL)V' 

fX' drpepa. (pep" ISo), Trdrepa Av8ov i} ^pvya 
Tavri Xfyovaa p,opp,oKvTT€a6ai So/cety ; 

[Birds, 1170-1245.] 


Rejoicing for Peace. 
Lacoiiian "Oppaov 

Maidens. , < t ,„ r 

r&)y Kvpcraviccs, a> Mvapova, 

TCLV reav pSiav, any 

ol8ev dpe rcoy t 'Aaawu'coy, 

OKa Tot pev (TT 'AprapiTio) k, 

wpoKpoov dfiKeKoL 

■noTTO. Koka, rcby MijScoy t ei'iKcov. 

ape S' av AecoviBas 

Zaconian maidens. Stir the young men O Menaory to song 
that is thy daughter, to song that of us and the Athenians can 
tell, what time by Artemisium on the ships like heroes they 
were rowing, and the Medes were beating back. 



ayev anep tcoj Kanpcos 

BdyovTui, olib, top uBovra' lo 

iroXvs S" d/i0i Tas yevvas dcjipos fjvcrei, 

TToKvs 8' afia Karrav aKeXcou d(pp6s uto. 

rjv yap raivBpfs ovk iXdacras 

Tas yj/dfipas, Tol Ilepaai. 

dypuTfp Aprapi (rrjpoKTOve 15 

fioXe Sevpo, napaeve aia, 

TTorras crnovbas, 

0)1 (Tvve)(r]i TToKiiv dfie )(p6vov. 

vvp av 

(jjiKla T ales evnopos firj 20 

rais (TvpBfjKais 

KOL Tov alfivXav aKoctirtKav 

navaaififd^' i 

8evp 'idi, SeOp', S) 

Kvvaye Trapcreve. 25 

Athc7tian npuaaye ^opov, enaye x^P'^'^''^^! 
Maidens. , v 5., ,. », 

eTTi oe KuKeaov Aprepiv, 

Us, too, Leonidas was leading like the boars the tusk well 
whetting, fast about the jaws the froth forth-flowing, free 
adown the legs the froth down-pouring; for many as the 
sands were they, the Persians. 

Artemis of the wild wood, mighty in the chase, come to us, 
maiden divine : come to our reconciling, fast bind us for long. 
Henceforth peace with plenty follow ever on our agreeing ; 
from the fox-wiles of our cunning stay we our hands. Hither, 
come hither, O huntress maiden, come ! 

Athenian maidens. Hither with dances, follow with graces, 
Artemis bid to our festival : bid here her twin brother, leader 


errt hk 8l8vfiov dye)(opov trjiop 

(v(f)pou, 67rt Se Nvaiov, 

OS fxera Mat^dat Buk;^ios bfipacn 30 


Aia Tf TTvpl <p\€y6fj,€vov, 

eiTi re iroTViav liKo^ov oX^iav, 

eira 8e Saifiovas, oh eTrifiaprvat. 

Xpri<T6ixf6' ovK inikr](Tno(nv 35 

r](rv)(ias nepi ti^s fj.€yaX6(f)povos, 

r)v enoirjae 6ea Kinrpis. 

aXaXai Ir] Ttairjatv' 

aipeao uvco, lai, 

a)S enl vikt], lai. 40 

fi/ot evol, (val eval. 

Lacoman TavyeTov avr ipavvov eKktncoa, 
Maickns. - ,^ , < , > 

Mtoa fioKe AaKaiva npfWToi' ap.\v 

kXccoo tov 'AfxvKXais 'AttoXXw criov 

KOI xoXkloikop 'Aadvav, 45 

Tvu8api8as t dyaacos, 

of dances, lord of paeans, lord of joy : bid Nysius of the 
Maenad rout, the bacchant of the eyes of flame: bid Zeus with 
the fire of his lightning : bid his spouse august and blest : 
and last bid all the gods : all shall be witnesses sure to the 
bond of our glorious peace that Cypris made to-day. Paean, 
ho! Paean! loud be yonr shouting, your shouts as for triumph, 
lae ! Evoe I Evoe ! Evae ! Evae ! 

Laconian maidens. Come then thy pleasant hills of Taygetus 
leaving, O muse of Laconia come, our lord Amyclae's Apollo 
to sing, and Athena of the brazen house, and the brave 
Tyndaridae that bicker still along Eurotas' stream. 


roi hr] ivup 'Evparav yj/iaBBovTi. 

(ia [xcik' epl^rj, 

wia KOv(Pa TToXKcoVj 

cos ^Trdprav u/ii'iw/xfy, tjo 

TO (nS)v x^po' f-ieXouTi, 


are ttcoXoi S' at Kopat 

Trap Tov 'EvpMTav 

apndXXovTi ttvkvu ttoSoTi' 55 


Toi 8e Kopai cnlovQ UTrep ^aKxav 

6vp(Ta88oav Koi rraibdoav. 

ayiJTai S' a Arj^ns Trais 

ayva ^(opayos evnpeTrrjs. 60 

dW aye Kopav 

•napapTTVKihbi t€ 

;(etpt TTodoiv re nddq 

a ris fXacpos' 

KpuTov S' up.a TlOl- 65 

Up and away ! in the lightfooted dance away ! and the 
while of Sparta be our song, land of dancings to gods and 
])atter of feet, where like colts by the river the maidens' quick 
feet unrestingly ply, their tresses streaming like tresses of 
Maenads waving the ivy-wand hurrying the dance ; while 
before them moves Leda's maid, choir-leader pure and fair. 

Come ! with your hands ])ut back your tresses from your 
brows : with your feet leap like the roe : and now for the 
clapping that quickens the dance : and still of the goddess the 
queen of goddesses be your song, of her of the brazen house, 
of her who is invincible. 


■f\ )(opco(})(\eTav. 

Koi Tav (Tiav S' av rav KpaTiffTav 

Tav irafiyLUXOV. 

[Lysistrata, 1247-1272, 1279-1322.] 

Wives' arts. 

'Erepav 8' eyolS' ^ 'cpatTKev uBiveiv yvvr) 

8ex rjfiepas, eas inp'iaTO TTai8iov' 

6 8' dvTjp 7re piTjpxfT wkvtoki wvovpevos' 

TO 8' elaecpepe ypav^ iv x^'''P9- '''^ naidiov, 

ii'a ^77 ISoccT], KrjpiM ^e^vajxivov' 5 

€1^' o)? evevdfv rj (pepova, eidiis /3og, 

aneXO' aTTe'K6\ ijdr] yap, avep, p.01 Sojcw 

Tf^eiV TO yap rjrpov ttJs xvrpas eXaKTiaev. 

)(u> fiiP ytyrj6(bs iTpexev, 17 S e^ecnracrev 

€K Tov aropaTOi tov ttoiSiou, to 8 aveKpaytv. 10 

€id^ f] piapa ypavs, .fj ^(fiepev to iraihlov, 

6(1 pfidiuicra npos tov av8pa koi \eyei, 

Xeav Xe'coj/ (Toi yfyovfu, avriKpaypa crov, 

TO. T aXX' aira^dnavTa koi to ttoctQiov 

tS> crcj TTpoa-opoiov, 0Tpe/3X6t/ coaTrep KVTTapov. — 15 

raiiT ov noiovpev to. Kaicci ," vrj Ttjv ApTepiv, 

f)pf7s ye. KaT 'EvpiniSr) dvpovpeda, 

ov8ep TvaQovaai fiu^ov ij SeSpaKa/iei/ ; 

[Thesmophoriazusae, 502-519.] 



The song of the inystae, 

Xanthias. Ovtos. Dionysus, ri etrriv ; Xanthias. ov 

KaTrjKovtras ; Dionysus, t'ivos '■, 
Xanthias. aiXSiv nvorjs. Dionysus, eycoyt , Koi 8a8(i)v ye fxe 

avpa Tis flaeTTvevae fivariKaiTaTrj. 

d\X' ^pe/xt TTTi^^avTes aKpoaaiyfuQa. 
Chorus. 'laKx , &"laK;(e. 5 

"laKX, S)"laKxf. 
Xanthias. tovt '4<tt eKeiv , d> hecnvoB , ol /xf/xu>;/LieVoi 

ivTavOa nov Trai^ovcriv, ovs e(ppa^f vav. 

ahovari yovv rbv laKx^ov ovnep Aiayopas. 
Dionysus, xa/xol SoKoGcrif. T](rv)([av toivvv ayeiu 10 

^eXrKTTov iariv, w? av eldwpev aafpais. 
Chorus. "laKx, w TvoKvTiprjT ev edpais ivOahf vaiav, 

"laK)^, a> "laKXf, 

f\6e Tovb^ uva XeipMva ^opfvaav, 

oalovs is diaaoiTas, 15 

TToXvKapTrov p.ev rivdacrav 

TTtp\ Kpari cra> jSpvovra 

crTe<pavov pvpTu>p' Bpacrei S eyKaraKpovav 

TTobl Tav UK(')Ka(TTOV 

fpiXonaiypova ripav, 20 

■Xap'iTwv TrKelvTov e)(uvaav pepns, ayvuv, Upav 
ocri'oiv fivarais p^opc/ai'. 
Xanthias. Si norvia ■nokvrip.-qTe Arjfirjrpos xoprj, 

i)S f]dv fJioi 7rpo(T€Tn'€V(T€ ^(oipdoiv Kpecov. 


Dionysus, ovkovv drpefi f^ftf, V" ri Koi X^P^U^ Xd^f/s ; 25 
CJionis. eyeipe (f)\oyeas XafXTrdbas iv X^f'^'^ Tivdaaup, 

"laKx\ S)''laKX€, 

vvKTspov TeXeTrjs (j)aitT(f)6pos atTTijp. 

^Xoyl (piyytrni be \eip.a)V' 

yovv TTaXXerat ytpovToov' 3° 

dnoaeiovTM be "Kvnas 

Xpovlovs T (TU)v TToKaiuiv eviavTovs, 

Upas vno Tipds. 

(TV be Xapndbi (peyycov 

Trpo^dbrjv e^ay err dv6r]pov eXeiov banebov 35 

XopoTTOiov, pudnap, TjiSav. 

* * - * 

Xa>p<>ip(V is noXvppobovs 

'Keipcovas dvdepaibeis, 

Toi/ ijperepov TpoTCOV, 

rbv KaWixopuiTaTov, 4° 

TTa'i^uvres, ov 6X/3iai 

MoTpot ^wdyovcTiv. 

fiovois yap rjplp rjXios 

Kal (f^eyyos 'i\apov ecniv, 

o<TOi p,ep,vriped ev- 45 

<rel3fj re birjyopev 

TpoTTOv nepi Tovs ^ei>ovs 

Kal Toiis IbiMTOS. 

[Frogs, 312-352, 448 459.] 



The Prologties of Euripides. 

Euripides. Xrjpfls' eyw 8e tovs npoXoyovs KoKas ttolS). 
Aesc/iylus. koi firji/ fia top At ov Kar enos ye aov kvicto) 
Tu prill €KacrTOVf aXXa <jvv roiaiv Oeo'is 
ano \riKv6iov (tov tov^ TrpoXoyovs 8ia(pdepa). 

Euripides, dno XT]Kv6iov <tv tovs e/xous ; Aesdi. ivoi 
fiiwov. 5 

TToitls yhp ovTU>i coot' ivapporreiv airai/, 
Ka\ KcoBiipiov Koi \riKv6iov Kai. BvKaKiov, 
f'v Tois lapjieioKri, del^co 8 avTiKa. 

Euripides. l8ov, av Bei^eis ; Aesch. <fir]pi Dionysus, kiu 
8ti )(pTj Xeydv. 

Euripides. AtyvTrroy, wy 6 TrXeio-Toj ta-naprai Xoyoj, lo 
^hv Traicri nevrriKovTa j/avrtXco ttXcitt] 
"Apyos Karaaxiov Aesch. XtjkvOiov unuiX(afy. 

Euripides, rovri tl fiv to X-qKydiov ; ov KXavaerai ; 

Dionysus. Xey (Ttpov avTW npoXoyov, lua koi yi'co miXii>. 

Euripides. Aiopvaos, os Bvpcroicn koI velipav dopals 1 5 
KadaTTTos iv -nevKaifn JJapvavrop kutu 
nrjda ^(optvoiP, Aesch. XriKvdiov unioXfiKp. 

J)ionysus. o'ip.01 TTfnXriypfS' avdis iino ttJs XT}Kv6itv. 

huripides. dXX' ovhkp ecrrai npiiypa' irpoi yap tovtop\ 

TOP TTpf'jXoyop ovK e^ei npo(ru\j/ai XtjkvBov. 20 

OvK fCTTip oaris tthpt upiip (vduipopd' 

f) yap TTfffiVKcos (a6X6i ovk ()(ei ftlov, 

rj Bvayepijs ijp Aesch. XrjKvdiop aTTotiiXfcrep. 

A R I STO PII A \' E S. 417 

Dionysus, EvpiniSr], luiripides. ri (<ttlv ; J)ionysiis, 
v(pf(T6aL fxoi doKe'i. 
TO \r]Kv6iov yap tovto TrveufffTrai no\v. 25 

Euripides. ovS" tiv fia rrjv ArjjiTjrpa (ppovTLcraipL ye' 

vvpi yap aiiTov tovto y (KKeKoylreTai. 
Dionysus. \Qi. 8f) \ey erepov KaTre'xov rfj? XrjKvdov. 
Euripides. '2i8o)vi6v ttot aaTv Kd8pos ckXitioiv 

Ayt]vopos TTciis Aesch, Xr]Kv6iov uTrmXfrrev. 30 
Dionysus, w 8aip6vi dvSpcoi', anoirpio) ti)u \t]kv6ov, 

Lva pT] duiKvaicrr] Toiis irpoXoyovs rjpSiV. Euri- 
pides, to t'i ] 
iyoi irpicDpai Ta>8' ; Dionysus, iav TTeidtj y 
Euripides, ov drjT , eirel noWovs npoXoyovs e^cn Xtyeiv, 

IV ovTos ou;^ f^€i TTpocrd'^ai X^nvdov. 35 

IleXo^fr 6 TavToXeios fs Uiaav poXcov 
Qoalviv innois Aesch. XrjKvdiov dnuiXiaev, 
Dionysus. Spas, ivpoa-rj^fv aiiOis av Ti]v Xi]Kv6ov. 

aXX , 6)ydd , eVt koi vvv dnobov nacrri Tf)(Vj]' 
Xf]\j/(i yap ofioXov ndvv KaXi'jV re Kayadrjv. 40 
Euripides, pa tov Ai' ovnoi y' eVt yap ftai pot, av)(vol, 

Olixvs noT eK yfjs Aeseh. XrjKvdiov aTrto- 
Euripides, eaa-ov fiirflv Trpco^' oXov pe tov (rTi)(ov. 

Olvfvs TVOT 6K yrjs noXvpeTpov Xa^u>v aTd)(VV, 
6va)V dTTap)(ds Aesc/i. XrjKvdiov oTTcoXfO'ei'. 45 
Dionysus. ptTa^v dvuv ; Ka\ tis avff vcfxiXeTO ; 
Euripides, eaaov, o> tup' npos to8\ yap fiTrdrcj. 
Zeuf, MS XfXeKTai Trjs dXrjBelas vnOj 
t E e 


JJioiiysjis. oTToXei a ' epel ynp, \tjki'6iov mruikeaiv, 

TO \riKv6iov yap tovt enl tois TrpoKuyoicri crov ^o 
wanep to <tvk fVl Tolaiv d(p6aXp,o'is f<pv, 

[Frogs, 1 197-1247.] 


' A haunt of ancient peace!' 

Oi) yap eaff' tjdiov r) Tv^f'ii' p(v rj^r) ^airappiva, 

rov 6(ov 8' iin^aKa^fiv, kuI. tiv (iTvelv yf'iTova, 

enre poi, t'l rrjViKavra dpcopfv, a> K(opapxi8rj • 

ipirifiv epoiy' dpeaKfi, rov 6eov 8pS>vTOs KaXan. 

(iKX (lipfve Tuiv <j)acrr]\av^ u yvvcu, Tpds )(OiviKas, 5 

Tu>v re TrvpS)v pl^ou uvTois, rvtv re avKonv (^e^i, 

Tof Tf Mavijv T] '^iipa ^aaTprjcrdTU) k tov )(a>piov. 

oi) yap olov r eVrt TTuvras olvapi^eiv Trjptpov 

ovhk TvvrkuC,fLV, (TTeibij irapbuKov tu ^oipiov' 

Ko.^ ijjiov 8' (veyKiiTa) tis t))v ki'^^Xt^j/ Ka\ rw anivo)' i o 

r]v te Koi ttvos tis ivhov Ka\ 'Kayu>a rerrapa, 

ei Tt pi] ^iiveyKev avTwv rj yaXrj rrji icnrepas' 

f\l/6(pei yoiiv i'vdov ovk oi8' arra KuKvboiSona' 

ajf eVeyK', Si 7ru7, rpi rjplv, ev 8e doiivai tw TrarpL' 

/jLvppivas T a'tTTjaov e^ Alaxifdbov tcop Kapmpoov' i 5 

;(«/ia rrjs avTrjs 68011 Xapivddrjp tls /Swcrarw, 

wf tiv epmrj pe6^ r]pu)v, 


TOV Oeov Tupoipcna, 

[Pax, 1140-1158.] 




E e 2 

'Q Mevavbpe Koi ^U, 
iTorepos ap ifiav norepov ajTHiip^jcraTo ] 

Aristoph. byz. 



The Parasite. 
XvvSenrvfO} tw Xcoiti, KoKfcrai Sfi fiovov, 
Kca ro) ya nrjBe Xwrri KcovBev Set KaXfti/. 
Tf;i/et Se xapUis t eifil Kn\ noieco noXvu 
yeXcora Koi tov icttmvt inaivfco. 

Kni, K(i Tis nvTLOV Ti X7 TTjPO) Xf-yew, c 

Tr]V(o KiBa^ofiai re Kan a>v rj)(^66fiav, 
KTJTVfiTa TToKka Knracpayiov, tto'XX* e'/xTriwi/, 
I'tneifxi. \vxvov S' ovx o nais fioi au^c^epft' 
epTTO) 8' f]\iadpu^a>v re K(;i ifnra (tkotos 
epTJfios. oKKa S' fVTi'xio To7s Trepnro'Kois, 10 

roC^ otow ayaBov emXeyo) to7s dedis, o tl 
ov Xwi/Ti TrXelov dWa paariycou tl pe. 
• eTTft he X fi-Kco oIkuSis Kara(f)6ape\s, 

<l<TTp(OT0S (vScO Ka\ TO. pev TTpcOT OV KOO), ' 

as Kci fx aKparos olvos apcf)€TTT] (ppevas. 15 




Noos opxi Kai voos aKover r/iWa Kw^a m\ rvtpXa. 

Euo-e^^f jSi'of peyicTTOv efpohiov dfarois eart. 

'Sacf)e Koi pepvaa dniarTelv' Spdpa ravra rap cftpeviov. 


'ETrtTToXdfeti' oxiri xpl ''"°*' ^vjiov, iXka tov voov. 

'O rpoTTOs dv0pa)Troi<Ti Baiixcov dya66s, ois Be Koi kukos. 

"A 8e X"P ''■^'' X^'P*^ vi^ei' 86s rt koL Xd/3otf ri Ka. 



The tomb of Themistodes . 

O fTOS 8t TV/i/3o9 fV KoXcO Ke)(U)(Tfl€VOS 

Toii ffiTTopois Trp6(Tpr](ris earai 7ravTa)(ov. 
Tovs eKrikeovrds t {IcrnXiovTas t o'^erai, 
X^iiTroTav afjLiXX ?} tmv vemp 6edcr€Tui. 

[Fragm. Incert.] 


A 7itiphanes. 


The higher sfylc. , 

A. ndrep , orav /x/XXw Xeyeif (rot rrjv xvrpai', ^(VTpav 
j) rpo)(ov fivp-aiai t(vkt6v KOiXoaiafiarov kvtos 
ttXootoi' fK yaias, iv ("iXKtj nrjrpos oTTTrjdev aTfyrj, 
veoyevovs 7roip,VT]s 8 iv avrfj tvviktci yaXarofipeppova 
raKfpoxpuiT fX8r) Kvovaav ; B. 'WpdKkus, dnoKTfvds 5 
apd p.\ ft fiT] yvMplp.(oi p.oL wdvv (ppdaeis Kpeaiv )(VTpav. 
A. fv Xe'yfty. ^ovdijs pifXiaarj^ vdpaaiv 8e crv/jifJiiyTJ 
p.TjKd8o}V alyuiV dnoppovv 6p6fjLJ3ov, iyKaOrjpevov 


fif "nkarv ariyaa'Tpov ayf^f ixapQivov Arjovs Koprjs, 
\fTTTocrvv6irnis rpvcfycovra fivpioLs KoXvpfiaaiv ; 1 o 

Tj aa(})ais 7v\aKovvTa (fipd^o) aoi ' B. irKaKovvra /3oi'- 
A. Bponui8o9 S' (Spcora TTjjy^c ; B. oivov fine avvTepav. 
A. \i0d8a vvfi(f)aiav SpoacoSr; J B. TrapaXLTTcov v8a>p (pddi. 
A. KaaioTTVovv S' avpav 81 a\6pas ; B. afivpvav fine, prj 
IJ.r]8e ToiovT ciXKo p.rj8ev, jur/Se TovpnaXiv Xeyav, 15 

oTi doKel toCt' epyov eivai pel^ov, as (paalv rtves, 
avTO pev pT)8ep, nap' avro S aXKa (rv(TTpe(f)eiv nvKvd. 



T/ie Cottalms. 

A. KoTTa^ielre riva rponop ' 

B. iyo) SiSa^oj Kad ocrov tiv tov kottu^ov 
d(f)e\s enl TfjV n\daTiyyn noirjar} necrelv — 

A. TrXaoTtyya ; no'iav ] tovto TOvniKeipevov 

ava TO piKpov, TO nivaKiaKiov \eyeis ', 5 

B. TOVT ecTTi n\d(TTiy^ — ovtos 6 KpaTcov yiverai. 

A. nS)s S' e'lcreTai ti^ tovt ', B. eav dtyt] pdvou 
avTrjs, en\ tov pdvrjv necrelTai Kal \j/6(f)os 
fcrrai ndvu noXvs. A. npoi 6eS>v, Tot kotto^o) 
np6(Te(TTi Koi pdvrjs ns Sxrnep otKeVr/j ; 10 
ea Set Xa/Sui' to noTrjpiov hel^ov vopco. 

B. avXr]TiKa>s Set KapKivovv tovs baKTvkovs, 
oivov Te piKpov eyxeai, Kai prj noXvV 

eneiT u(f)r]creis. A. tLvu Tponov ; B. bevpo ^\ine. . . 


rniovTov. A. o> IJocrfiSov, u>s v'^ov (r(f)68pa. 15 

B. ovTOi iTOirjfT€ts. A. «XX* eycj fxev acpfvbovT] 
ovK uv (Cf)iKoifir]v avToa . B. a}CKa fxdvdave. 

[Birth of Aphrodite.] 


T/ie true use of via7-ititnc evipire. 

"Evdvvos 5' excov 
(Tav8(i\ia Koi <T(f)payl8a Koi jxenvpianevos 
eXnyi^fTo rcov Trpaypdrav ovK olb o Ti' 
i>oiviKi^r]s ^€ Tavpeas 6' 6 (fiiXTaros, 
uv8pes TTuXat o\j/-o(p(iyri roiovro'i Tive^^ 5 

fiioi Kara^po^di^fiv iv ciyopa Tci Tffj.d)(r)j 
opcovres f^edvrjrrKov cVI rm Trpdypnri, 
€(f)(p6v T€ Setfa-s rrjv dvo\j/[av Tidvv, 
kvkXovs 8e crvvayeipovTfs eXfyoi/ uv Td8^, 
0)? oil ^laTou icTTiu ov8 duaaxfrov 10 

TTJs [ifv daXdrrris dvTnroiei(rdal rivas 
vp.a>v dvaXiaKeiv re noWa -x^prj^iaTa, 
iiyj/ov 8e dfiipo firjbev ficniKelv fir)8e ypv. 
tL ovv o(f)e\os tS)V vijaiapxoov ecTTi ; 8el 
vopw KaraKkelcrai roCro, TrapaTrop.nTjv noidu 15 

tS)v l)(Pvu>v, vvv8\ MfiTwi' (TvvrjpTraKfv 
Toiis uXieas, Koi Atoyfircov vq Ala 
annvras avaneneiKfv wy avrov (Pepfiv, 
Kov 8r]fioTiK6v ye tovto 8pa Toaairra (f)\o>v. 

[The Rich.] 



A 7-iddle of Sappho. 

S. "Ect-ti (j)vcris drj^eia ^pecprj (TtS(ova vtto koKttois 
nvrrjs, ovTa 8 ("i(pava fior]v larrjcri yeycovov 
KOI 8ia TTovTiov oiSfia koi rjTTfipov 8ia TrciiTrj<: 
ois eWAft dvTjTcov, Tois 8' ov8e Trapovcriv aKoveiv 
e^f(TTiVj Kco(f>fjv S aKorjs aurBrjaiv €)(ov<nv. ... 5 

B. Tj fifv (pvais yap rjv Xeyfts earlv Tro\is, 
ISpe({)r] S €v avrfi diarpecjiei tovs prjropas. 
ovTOi KeKpayores 8e ra dianovria 
raK rrji Aaias Koi totto QpaK-q^ \rip.paTa 
(Xkovcti SfCpo, v( popevwv 8e TrXijalov 10 

avTOiv KojBrjTai Xoi^opovpevav t ael 
6 dtipos ov^ev ovt cskoicov ovO' Spuiv. 

S. iTcos yap ytvoir av, u> ndrfp, . . . 

pT]Ta)p (icpcovos, T)v firj aXw rpls Trapavofiav ', 

B. Kox lifjv aKpi^as wo/jLtjv (yvcoKevni is 

TO pr]6tv .... aWa Sjj Xeye. 

S. ffrjXeia piv vvv etTTi (pvais eViCTToX^, 

^pecprj 8 Iv avT)] rrtpicpepei ra ypappara' 

acfiaiva S' ovra Tavra tols Troppco XnXfi 

ois /3ouXe^', erepos 8' av TV)(rj ris ttXtjctiov 20 

iaTcbs dvayivdxTKovTOs, ovk aKoverat. 




A naxandridas. 

The Egyptians. 

OvK av dvvaL^rjv avfi/Maxfiv Vfuu eyw, 

ovff' ol rpoTToi yap 6jj.ovoov(j ovd' 01 vopoi 

fjfiav, an aXXrjXcav be bie^ovcriv ttoXv, 

/SoCf npocTKVveii, eyw Se Ova rots Beois' 

TTjv eyx^iKvv fxeyiarov rjytl haljiova, 5 

Tjufls Be Tu)V oy\/a>v p-eyicrTov napa ttoXu, 

OVK ecraieig vei , eyu) oe y rjoofiat 

ndXia-ra tovtois' Kvva aejieis, tvttto) S' eyw, 

Toijy^ov KaTeadiovaav rjviic av }\.dl3a>. 

Touf Upeas ivddSe fiev 6\oK\rjpovs vopos 10 

elvai, nap vplv 8 , an e'oiK, nnr]pyp.evovs. 

Tov aleXovpov KaKov e)(ovr eav 'lBjjs, 

KKdeis, iyoi 8' tJBktt dnoKreivas 8epco. 

Bwarai nap vpAV pvydkrj, nap' epoi Se y' ov. 




Plato in the Academy. 

A- Tt nXarwi' 

Kin ^nevainnos /cat MeveSrjpos, 
npos Ticri vvv hiarpifiovaLv ; 
nola (ppovTis, noios 8e Xoyos 


8ifp€vvaTai irapa Toiaiv ; 5 

rdSe fj.01 TTivvTcis, el' ri Kareibays 
fjKfis, Xe^ov, Trpoy ycis * * . 
B. aXX olda "Keyeiv irepl TwvSe aaCpMS' 
JJavaBrivaiois yap Idchu ayeXrjv 

fifipoKicov €V yvpvaaiois 10 

' AKabrjpfias 

rJKovcra \6ya>v atpdrcov aTonav' 
Trept yap (pvaecos ufpopi^opevoi 
8i()(u>pi^ov ^cicov re 0lov 
tevSpcov re cjivaiv 'Kaxdfoov re yivq' 15 


e^TjTa^ov Tivos €<tt\ yevovs. 

A. Ka\ ri ttot ap a>pi(ravTO Ka\ tivos ytvovs 
etvai TO (fjvTOV ] 8r]\ct3(TOi', el KaTOKrOd ti. 

B. 7rpa>Ti<TTa fiev ovv TrdvTes dvavde'is 20 
TOT eTTecTTrjaav, Ka\ Kv\j/avT€s 

)(p6vov ovK oXiyov 8ie<ppovTi^ov. 
kqt' e^a[(\)vqs tTi kvtttovtcov 
Ka\ ^rjTOVVTccv twv peipaKiau 

\dxav6v Tis e(j)r] (TTpoyyvkov fivai, 25 

Tvutav 8 ("iWos, Sevdpov 8 erepos. 
TavTa 8 aKOvav larpos tis 
StKeXSj OTTO yas KaTenapd avTutv 
(OS XrjpovvTCOV, 
A. ^ irov dfivSis wpyiadrjcrav 30 

j(\evd^fa6ai t t^otjcrav' 
TO yap fv \ea-)(ais raicrSe rotavri 
TTOielv aTTpenes. 


B. ovS' i\iiKr]mv ToTy fitipaKiois' 

6 nXarwi' Se napuv Koi (MaSa Trp ay, 35 

ovdfv dpt.!'6f\s, intTa^ airo'is 


a<pr>pi^faBai Tivoi earl yerovs' 

oi 8e 8i;']povv. 

[Fragm. In cert.] 




'Q rav, ftKovcrov rju ri am Sokw \eyeiv. 

("ivSpooTTOi (an ^aov iTmrovov (^vaei, 

Kcu TToXXa \vTrJ]p o /3joj iv eavTa (ftepft. 

TTnpn\lrvxo.S ovv (ppovTiboiv avfvpero 

ravras' n yap vovs tcov It'iav XrjBrjv \a[ia)V 5 

TTpos nXXoTpLco re ■v//'v;^aycoy7j^f i? Trddei, 

p.(6' fjbnvrjs dnrj^de 7rai8fv0€\s ap,a. 

rnvi yap Tpaya8nvs Trpcorov, ft /3ouXfi, aKonfi, 

as cocpeXoval rravras. 6 fiev av yap nfvrjs 

TTTcoxoTfpov avTou KaTafiadoiv tov TT]Xf(fiov 10 

yevofifpnv fj8r) ttjv nevlav paov (ptpfi. 

o voaoiv Ti fiaviKov 'AX/Cjuecoi/' eaKe\j/aTO, 

acpdaXfJiia Tis, ela\ <Ini'eiSai rii0Xot. 

Tfdi/r)Ke' TO) na'iv, tj Nto/3'7 k(kov(})ik(V. 

X(0\6S Tli iaTL, T(tV ^iXoKTTjTTjV OpU. 1 3 

yfp(ov Tis aTV\(7y Karepadev top Oivea. 



(matna yap ra fiei^ov ^ ninovBe rts 
aTv)^rifiaT aXXois yfyovoT ivvoovjifvos 
Tiir avTos avrov avficpopas tjttov arevei, 




Measuj-es of wine. 
Ipils yap povovs Kparrjpas eyKepavvvw 
Tols eii (f)puvov(Ti' TOP pev iiyifias eva, 

OV 1Tp(i3T0l> (KTTLVOV(Tl, TOP fit biVTfpOV 

epuiTOS rjboi/i^s Tf, top Tpirov 6' vjrvuVj 

OV eKTTiovTes 01 ao^ol KeKXrjpepoi r 

olKude )3a5t^oi;a-', 6 Se Tfrapros ovk en 

Tjperepos ear, aXX' v^peos' 6 Be nepnTOi ^orjs' 

eKTos de KapatV elBdopos 8' V7rwTiia>p' 

6 8 oyBoos K\T]Trjpos' 6 S" eparos X°^V^} 

SeKUTOs Se papias, coo-re koI l3uKXiiv noul. 10 

TToXvs yap els ev piKpbv dyyelov x^dels 

vTroa-KeXi^ei paara tovs nfirooKOTas. [Semele.l 


^ lexis. 

Live while you live. 
Tt ravja Xrjpets (fiXrjpacfioop apco kotw 
AvKdop, 'AKa8r]peiap, 'i2tSetov nvXas, 
Xijpovs (TocpiaTcop • ov8e Ik tovtcov koXov. 
•nivapev^ epnipapev^ 2) ^Uwp^ Si'/cwf, 

430 ALEXIS. 

Xatpj)fiev eoii evecm rijv y^v)(r]v rpec^etv. - 

Tvp^a^e, Mdvr]' yacrrpos oi8eu rjbiov. 

avTT} narrjp aoi kol naXiv prjrrjp p.6vr]. 

uperai be npea^eiai re (cat arparijyiai 

Kopnoi icfvoi •^o<^ovaiv avr dveipurap. 

y^v^fi ere baipfnv Tto TTfTrpcopevo) j^pova' lo 

e^etf S OCT av (pdyrjs re Koi Trlrjs p.6va' 

CTTobbs 8e TaWa, UepiKkerjs, K68pos, Kip-oiv. 


"EoTiv dvTjp p.0L iTTa))(os, /fdyo) 
ypavs, Koi BvyuTrjp Koi ttcus v'los. 

X^^ V XP'?""''"')) ^f'"^' ot 7rdvT€S. 

rovToiv ot rpeis denrvovpev, 

dvo 8' avTols (TvyKoivcovovpev, 5 

pd^rjs piKpds. (fidoyyovs 8* dXvpovs 

6pr]vovp€V, iudv prj8ev ex^u>pev, 

X^pwpa S aaiTCOP rjpau ovrav 

yiyverai d))(p6u. to. pepi] 8 fjpSyp 

XT) (TVVTU^lS TOV ^iov f(TT\v lo 

Kvapos deppos Xd;(ai/oj' 

•yoyyuXls Si^pos Xddvpos (prjyos 

PoXjSos T€TTi^ ept^ivdos dxpds 

TO T( BtLO^aves prjrpcaov (poi 

peXfbrip tcr;(ds, 15 

^Ppvyias evpTjpara (TVKrjs. 


ALEXIS, 431 


The universe in a dish. 

"'EXaBov yfvoiievos ov to TTpayjx rj^ovXero. 
Kara ;(eip6f ihoOr]' ttjv Tpdne^av tjk ejj^wj/, 
((f)' r]! ineKeiT ov Tvpos ovb eXaav ytvr], 
vide TTUpe^ovaai, Kvicrav fjiuv TrXeiova 
7rapoyj/i8(s kul Xrjpos, dXXa Trapfredrj 5 

V7r€pr](pdva>s o^ovaa rav 'Qpcov Xoncis, 
TO Toil TToXov Tov navTos r]ij,tcr(pacpiop. 
airavT epfjv TUKtl yap iv tuvtt] KaXa, 
iX^vy, €pi<Poi, SteVpep^e Toi/rcoi' aKopnios, 
Int^MViv (i)U)V TjpiTopa Tovs doTepas. 10 

[Fragm. Incert.] 


Men and wine. 

'OpoioTUTos av6pu)TTOS o\vu> Tr]v (fivatv 
TpoTTov riv icTTL' Koi yap oivov tov veov 
iToXXr] <JT dvdyKT) Ka\ tov av8p dTTO^eaat, 
lipoiTUTTOv dcftv^piaat, t , dTravdrjaavTa fie 
(TKXrjpov yeveadai, irapaKpaaavra b , (ov Xeyco 5 

TOVTuiv undvTav dnapvdevTa tt]v av<a 
TuvTijv avoiav iTivnoXd^ovcrav, TOTe 
TTOTipov yeviadaL kul KaracrTrjvai iraXiv, 
rjbvv & uTraai TovniXomov diuTtXilv. 


43-2 ALEXIS. 


Upciira fj.ev -ya/j rrpos to Kepdos Koi to avkuv tovs TriXns 
TTuvra T(iX\ avTols napipya yiverai.' panrovcn fie 
nacrtv iiri^ovKui' eneidav 8' einopTjaaiaLV TroTf, 
aP€Xaj3ov KaLvas iraipas, TrpcoToneipovs rJ}? rex^'^rjs. 
fvdvs dpoTrXaTTovai ravras, ware iii]Ti tovs Tp67rovs 5 

fiTjTe Tas oyjrfis 6p.oias diOTeXelv ovaas €ti. 
Tvy)(dv(i piKpd Tis ovaa, (jteXKos iv tois ^uvkIctiv 
eyKfKaTTVTai' fiaKpa. tis, 8idi3adpov XenTuv (fmpel 
ri]v re KecjiaXrjv eVi top hpov KaTafiaKovcr i^epx^Tcv: 
ToiiTO roil fxrjKovs d(pe'iX(v' oiiK e^^ei tis lij)(iu, 10 

VTTevibv<T eppafiep avTTjv, &crTe ttjv iVTTvyiav 
avajioav tovs ilcri^ovTas. KoiXiav d8pav ex.^i, 
(TTrjdi €(TT aiiToicn tovtcov hv €\o\ja oi KtopiKoi' 
opda irpocrOiiirai. TOLuvra tovvSvtov Trjs KoiXias 
wcrirepfl KOVTolcri tovtois els to npoad dntjyayov. 15 

ray d<ppvs TTVppus e^^et Tts, ^u)ypu(povaiv ao-/io\w. 
(TvplSf/'ir^K fivai peXaivav, KaTe'nXaae \f/inv6ici}. 
XfVKoxpcos Xiav TIS ioTi, iraLhiputT evTpllifTai. 

KuXoV (\(l TOV awflUTOS Tl, TOVTO yVfMVOV 8flKl/VTal. 

ev(f}veis oSovTus eaxev, (^ dvdyKrjs Sei •yeXai', 20 

iva OeoipwcT 01 irapovTes to uTOfj. cos KOpt'^^ov cj)op{2. 

av 8e p.r] X'^'-PJ] yfX<ooa, SiareXei Ti]v fjptpap 

fp8op, (oanep rols payeipois « napuKeid' eKacTTOTe, 

rjviK tip TT(oXu>aiP alyoyp Kpap'ia, ^vXrirpiop 

Hvppip-qs rj^oucra Xcittup opOov tp toIs p^fiXecrtz', 25 

<tj(jT( T<o xpdvoi afarjpiPj I'lP re fioiiXrjT up t€ pij. 



Ilopevofieva> 8 tK TleipaiSys vnu touv kokcou 
Kai Trjs anopias (piXocrocjieiv inrj\6e poc. 
Kai fiot ^oKovaiv dyvoelv ol ^a)ypd(f)oi 
TOP Epara, crvvTopitTarov S' elne'iv, ocroi 


eariv yap ovre BrjKvs ovr cipprjv, nciXiv 

ovre 0e6s ovt uvOpcoTTOs, ovr' d^fXrfpos 

ovT aiidis epcfipcov, dXXa avvevrjveypei/os 

TTaina)(66iv, ivX rvTro) be ttoXX' etS;; (jiepoiv. 

fj ToXpa piv yap dv8p6s, rj 8e 8eiXia 10 

yvvaiKos, fj 8 I'lvoia pavias, 6 5e Xoyos 

(f>povoiiVTOs, f] a(f)o8p6Tr]s 8e drjpos, 6 fie novoi 

abdfiavTos, fj (piXoripia 8e balpopos. 

Koi raOr' e'-yo), pa rrjv ^Adrjvdv Kai deovs, 

OVK Old o Ti (CTTiv^ aAA. opois f;^ei ye rt 15 

TOiQVTOV, iyyvs re elpi Toivoparoi, 




Some are actors, others vuiies in life. 

QuTTep Ta>v )(^opu>v 
ov TvavTes aSovij, dXX' oc^covot 8vo Tivfs 
7] rpels rrapfCTTrjKaai ivavroiv €cr)(aToi 
fls TOV dptdpov, Kai Toid' oyno/coy ttcos e'xfi.' 
X^pav KUTiXP^f^'') C^o'i- S' ois eWtv /3/os. ^ 

F f 

434 ^I^ ^^^ ND E R. 


Ov 8fj Xeyerai Trpa^TT) 'Sancpai 
Tov vnepKOfiTTOv 6rjpu>(ja ^uonv 
olarpcovTi ttcQch pl.\f/-ai rrerpai 
dno TrjXfCpavovs' dXXa Kar ei'^rjv 
cfjv, btcrnoT ava^, eix^ij/ietcr^a) 
Tepevos nepl AeuxciSos cikt^?. 



T/ie good genius. 
AnavTi daipcov dvBpl avpnapiaTaraL 
eidvi yevopevu), pvarayooyoi tov ^iov 
dyados' naKov yap bcupov ov vopiareov 
fifai j3'ov jiXc'iTTTOi'Ta ^^pjjcrroc. 

[Fiagm. Incert.] 


Zi/i: is a fair -with a feiu shows ; ivhich seen, depart 
before it is late. 

'Yovrov ivtvyiirroTOV Xeyco, 
ooTij Oeooprjaas dXvncos, Uapixevcov, 
TO. (Tfpia TuvT dTrr]\6(v o6tv rjXdev Ta\v, 
TOV rjXiov TOV Koivov, acTTp , v8a>p, i^e(prj, 
nip' Tavra Kav eKarov errj ^tas del 
oy^ft, irapovTa, Kav ivinvToxis (r<po8p' oXiyovs' 
(TfpvoTepa TovTcov fTepa 8' oiiK i\p-(i. rrore' 
Travfjyvpiv vopicrw tiv (ivai tuv )(p6vov 

MR NAND E R. 435 

ov <^r]\ii TOVTOV, r\ iTiSrjfiiav, iv co 

o)(Xos dyopa KkfTrrai Kv^dai diarpi^ai' 10 

av TTpaiTov aTTirjs KaTuXvcrds, /SeXrtoj/a 

e(ji68i e^wi' (iTT^X^e?, e^dpoi ovbevi' 

6 TrpcaStarpi^cov S" fKonuicrev aTToXeaas, 

KQKas re yrjpcov ev8er]s nov yiyverai, 

pfp-ISopevos f'x^pois evp', fTTf^ovXevdi] irodiv, 15 

ovK eidavdrcos dnrjXdev iXdoiv els xp^'"^'"- 



Hutnaji Life. 

El ris npoafXdaiv (loi 6(S)V Xeyor Kpdrav, 

enap dnoduvijs, avdis e^ dpxrjs eaei' 

e(T€i S' o Tt au ^avXrjj kvcov, irpo^arov, Tpdyo?, 

nvdpcoTros, iTTTTos' 8ls ^iuivai yap ae Sei" 

(Ipappfvov TOVT eariv, o Tt ^ovXei S eXov 5 

airavTU p,aXXov, ei6vs flirelv av 8oku), 

TToUi fie TrXrjv avBpunrov' aSiKus iirvxel 


6 KpaTiaros vmros fTTipeXfarepav e)(et 
erepov 6epaniiaV dyaBos av ytvrj kvov, 10 

evTijxoTepos ei toC kokov kvvos ttoXv. 
oXiKTpvaiv yevva'ivs iv erepa rpocpj] 
eariv, 6 0' dytvvrjs kqI Se'Ste tuv KpeiTTOva' 
av6p(C7ros av fj xp^o-Tos, evyevrjs, CT(p68pa 
yevvalos, ovdev o<PeXos iv tw vvv yevei. 15 

irpaTTd 6' 6 KuXa^ apiara ndvTwv, SfvTfpa 
F f 2 


o <TVKO(PavTT]s, 6 KaKorjdrjs rplra \eyei. 
ovov yevidQai Kpelrrov *] rovs -^eipovas 
opav eavTOv ^avras inKpavecrTepov. 



The evil with the good, contentedly ; 
The prominent beauty with the latent sting.'' 

A. Upbs TO Tcpayp. e)(a> 

KaKcos. B. (TTapiaT€pa>s yap avro Xap^dvfcs' 

Ta dva^eprj yap Koi to. Xynfjcravrd ere 

opqs iv avTU>, ru 6 dyad ovKeTi /3Xf7ret?. 

fvpois S' av oiiBiv TU)V UTVavTOiv^ SifivXe, g 

clyadov OTCp tl pr) Trpotreort Kal KaKov. 

yvvy TToXureXi^y ear oxXrjpoUj ov8 ea 

^ijv Tov \afi6v6^ wj ^ovXer', dXX evfari tl 

dyaQov uK aiiTrjs, TraTSes* iXOovr els vocrov 

TOV e)(OvTa TavTrjv eOepdnevcrev empeXoos. lo 

aTv^ovvTi crvpnnpepfivev, aTroddvovrd re 

e6u\l/e, TTepua-reiXev olKflas' opa 

eh Tav6\ orav Xvtt^ ti tcou Kaff fjpepav, 

ovTCi yap oX(Teis ndv to Trpayp' av b eitXeyrj 

d(\ TO XvTTovv, prjbev avTinapaTidels 15 

tu)V npoo'SoKcopevoiv, odvvrjaet. 81a TeXovs. 

[The Misogynist.] 

ME NA ND E R. 437 



Oia hx] (piXovaiv laTpoi Xt'yeti/ 
T(i fj)av\a fiei^u) Kiii ra 8(iv vnfp(f)ol3a, 





EtV' oi) jxeyidTos fcrri rap deap Epcof 
Koi TifiiQiTaros ye tcop irdprap iroKv ', 
ovSeis yap ovrcos ecTTi cfifi8(ok6s (Tcf)68pa 
npdpunros ovS* ovrcos aKpi^rjs tovs rpoTrovs, 

05 ov)(\ TOVTOi fiepida rS dea vepei 
TTJs ovaias' ocrois p.ep ovv wpacos e^fi, 
vfols er overt tovto iTpo(TTa.TTfi noieiv. 
oi 8' els TO yrjpas dpafSoXas iroiovpepoi, 
ovToi TrpoaaTTOTiPovcn tov xpopov tokovs. 

[The Treasure.] 



No'/ioy (f)vka)(6e\s ov8fv eariv t] popos J 

6 pfj (f)v\a)(^6e\s Koi popos koi 8j]pios, 

[Fragm. Incert.] 



Phi lemon. 


The sum77ium bonutn. 

Ot (l)i\6cro(f)ot ^T)Tovcnv, (os aKrjKoa, 

Tifpi ToiiTo T avTois TToXiis avaXovrai xpovoi, 

TL eariv ayaBbv^ Kolhe els evprjKe ttw, 

Tt ecTTiv. dpfTrjV koi (})p6vT}(Tiv (f)a(Ti, koi 

Xeyovcri Travra paKkov tj rl TciyaOov. c; 

€V aypa diarpt^av TtjV re yrjv aKaTrroyv eyco 

vvv ti'pov, eLpi]vrj crriv' d) Zev (^iXraTf, 

T^? €Tra(f)po8iTov Koi (^ikavOpaTTOv 6(ov. 

yajxovs eopras avyyeveli iraiSas ^(Xoi/y, 

TvXovTov vyieiav crlrov oivov Tj^oftjv lo 

avTTj SiSa)0"i* TavTU ttuvt^ uv (kKltttj^ 

TeOvTjKe Koivfi Tray 6 rav ^avrav ^ios. 



Jlfan makes himself sorrows. 
'Q, rpiapaKapia iravra ku\ TpivoK^ia 

TO Orjpi , ois OVK fffTl TTfpl TOVTOiV \6yos' 

ovT fis eXeyy^ov ovBev avrSyv ep)(fTai., 
ovT uWo ToiovT ol8ev iar cixjtoIs kokov 
enaKTov, tjv S av (laeveyKqrai (})vaiv 
(Kitrrrov, (v6vs Kcii vopov TavTqv ex^i. 
tjpf'is 8" a[ii(>)Tov C^pev uvOpatnoi ^iov' 

STRATO. 439 

Soi^Xei'o/Liei' 6o|ato"ti', evpopres vofxovs, 
irpoyovoKTiVj (Kyuvoiaiv. ovk ear nnoTVXf'^v 
KaKoii, Trp6(})a<Tiv 8' del riu i^evpiaKopev. lo 

[Fragra. Incert ] 



The Homeric chef. 

'2(})iyy appev ov payapov €if Tr]V oiKiav 
f"\r](f)' ' aTrXas yap ovde ei> pa tovs 6eovs 
OCT av Xeyj] crvvLrjpL' Kaiva pr]para 
TTfiTopLcrpfvos yap iaTiv. (os elarjXde yap, 
fv6vs p errr]pa>Tr](T€ npoalSKeyj/as peya, 5 

" TToo'Ovs KtKKrjKas pepoTrai eVi belnvov ', Xtye. 
e'yo) KiKkrjKa peponas enl delnvov • xoXas. 
Tovi be peponai tovtovs pf yiyvaaKeiv duKeli j 
ousels' napearrai. tovto yap vtj top Aia 
(Ti KaToXonrov, peponas eVi SetTrfof KaXelv. 10 

ouo apa irapearai oanvpatv ovoeis oKtos , 
OVK o'lopai ye AaiTvpav. eXoyi^6pr]v, 
rj^ei ^iklvos, Mocrxio3V, NtKijparos, 
6 Sell/', 6 delva' Kar ovop dveXoyi^oprjv' 
OVK tjv ev avTots ov8e els poi AaiTvpav. 15 

oiiSeif Tvapearai, (pr]pi.. " Tt Xeyeis ; ov8e eis ; 
o-ipobp' rjyavuKTrja , axnrep 7]8iKripevos, 
el prj KeKXriKU Aairvpova, Kaivhv ndvv. 

ovo apa Oveis epvcnxuov , ovk ecprjv eym. 
" Bovv S' evpuperwTTOV • ov 6v(0 fiovv, a6Xie. 20 

440 STR A TO. 

" UtiXa 6vaid^€is apa ', ' fia Ai", iya> jjiip ov, 

ovterepov airatu, npolBiiTinv 8'. " ovkovv (f</)'/) 

TO. fi^Xa npo^ara ; fxrjXa irpo^ar ; ov pavddvu, 

lovS" oiSaJ TovTcov ovBiv oiibe ^oiiXofiai, 

aypoiKorepos flfi , waB' dnkocii fioi 8ia\fyov. 25 

'^''OpTjpov ovK olBas Xeyovra;" /cat paXa 

i^riv o ^ovXoiT , Z) fidyeip', avToi Xfyeiv. 

dXXa Ti TTpus 7)pds TovTO TTpos Trjs 'EcTTtas ; 

"/car* (Kelvov ^8t] Trpocrex^ i^ai to. Xomd poi." 

6fiT]piKu>s yap 8iavo€i p.' dnoXXvvai " 30 

" ovra XaXflv e'lat&a. pfj toIpvv XaXa 

ouTco nap tpoiy oov. " aXXd Sta ras Terrapas 

8pa)(pds aTTojSdXa) (^(firjcrij ttjv Tvpoaipeaiv ; 

ras ovXo)(^vTas (pepe 8evpo. tovto S' eVrl ti ; 

" Kpidau tI ovv, dnoTrXrjKTe, irepinXoKas Xeytis ', 35 

" nrjyos ndpeari ; Trrjyos ', ov^l XaiKdaei, 

tpels (T(t<pe(TTfp6u & o (BovXd poi Xeyeiv ', 

" drdadaXos y et npea-^v (<pr]crivj, dXas (f)epf. ' 

rovT fan nrjyos ; " dXXa bd^ov )(kpvi^a," 

TrapTJu. eBvev, eXeyev ciXXa prjpara 40 

ToiaiiS' a pa rijv yrjv oi8i ets fJKOvcTev av, 

picTTvXXa poipas b'nrrv\ ojJeXovs, cocrre pe 

Ta>v Tuv ^CXrjTa Xapfidvovra ^i^Xicou 

(jKOTTflv {KacTTOv TI dwuTat Toiv prjpdruv. 

ttXtjv iKfTevov avTuv TJdrj p.€Taj3aXfiv, 4^^ 

■IvOpuyTTivuis XaXt'if t€. tou 8' ovk uv Td)(a 

iTTfidiv rj TTtiOu) pa Trjv yrjv oiSi" on. 






Baia fiiv aWa poha. 






With the perfection of the drama the original growth of Greek 
poetry seems complete; and so far as Greece proper is concerned, 
a time has been reached, after which imitation and adaptation 
succeed to invention. But on the other side of the Mediterranean, 
in Alexandria, poetiy found a latter summer. The poems of 
Theocritus and his fellows are of no sort of interest in the history 
of Greece, yet in themselves some of them are perfect in their 
kinds. There is not much Greek which is so expressive, perhaps 
none which within a certain range of ideas is so fully and ac- 
curately expressive, as that of Theocritus. The scents and 
sounds of nature, the physical signs of love, are present in no 
faint image ; he is pathetic and dramatic ; and the richness and 
sweetness of his diction and versification do not leave the reader 
master of himself. But im.perceptibly the spirit of the poetry 
has changed. Artificial scenes and artificial griefs, personages 
and events ideal indeed but idealised from the commonest, not 
from the noblest forms of humanity, and a certain want of sim- 
plicity both in characters and in sentiments, mark a declension 
from Athenian art. 

Of ApoUonius of Rhodes, Lycophron, and other less known 
writers, men of letters rather than poets, little has been preserved 
which seems very good to a modern taste. For the most part 
they are mere imitators, destitute of art to construct and to sub- 


ordinate the less to the more important in poetical perspective, 
rhetorical in expression, and overloaded with epithets conveying 
antiquarian or mythological allusions which take the place of 
original images and thoughts. 

Rome and Byzantium succeeded to the position of Alexandria 
as the metropolis of letters, but neither produced any new birth 
of Greek poetry. With the exception of Musaeus (a. d. 550?), 
whose Hero and Leander in simplicity and pathos is in some parts 
almost worthy of Theocritus, and with whom the canon of ancient 
Greek poetry may be considered to be closed, their poetical writers 
in the language of Homer and Sophocles are but imitators of 
Alexandrian imitations. By the twelfth century even the ancient 
metres had perished and had given place to ' political verses ' 
distinguished from common prose only by division into lines of 
equal numbers of syllables. 

The epigrams collected by the Alexandrian and Byzantine 
anthologists range over more than ten centuries from the beginning 
of the sixth B. c. In this alone of all the branches of poetical writing 
the example of ancient taste continued to be followed down to late 
times, and many of the compositions in this kind of the Alexan- 
drian and even of the Byzantine period, though not equal to those 
of Simonides or Plato, are yet worthy in simplicity of manner and 
purity of style of the best ages of Greece. 





"ApxfTe ^(CKoXiKas, Mwcrai (j)i\ai, apx^r dciSas. 

QvpcTis 06' o)^ A'iTvai, Ka\ Qvpaiboi aS' d (fioyvd. 

TTO. noK cip' ^d' OKa Ad<pi>is eTciKero, na ttoku, NvfKpai ; 

fj Kara UTjvfiu) KoKa Tepirea, fj Kara HivSa ; 

01; yap d/] TTOTapS) ye fxeyav poov e'ix^r ' Avdira, 5 

0116' A'lTva^ (TKontav, ov8' "Aki8os lepov v8(op. 

apxere ^cokoXikus, Mao-ai (piXai, clp^fT doidds. 
T^vov p.dv Owes, Trjvov \vkoi wpvaavro, 
TTivov x^< dpvpolo Xeav dveKkavcre Bavovra. 

apx^re ^coKokiKas, Mmaai (f)iXai, cipxer doibds. 10 
TToXXai oi nap woaal /3oey, noXXol 8e re ravpoi, 
TroXXa\ S av 8afidXai Ka\ nopTies oidvpavro. 

" cipxere /So/coAtKay, Mcoaai (j^iXai., cipxcr doibds. 
d) Xi'Kot, a dues, S) dp' copea (pwXddfS (ipKTOi, 
Xaipiff- 6 ^(CKoXos vfipLiv eyo) Ad(j>vis ovk er dv vXav, 15 


ovK €T dva 8fjv^u)S, ovK aXcrea. X"*p' 'Ape'^otcra, 
Koi noTUfioiy to\ X^'^^ KaXof Kara Qvfi^pihos vBap. 

ap)^iTe ^(OKo\iKus, Mworat (^I'Xat, "/^X^ ' aotSay. 
Ad0i/(f eywv oSf r^fo?, o ras /Soas a)Se vopevcov, 
^d(f)vis 6 Tccs Tavpa>s ko). Ttoprias a)Se noTiaSav. 20 

ap)^eTe (3a>KoXiKas, MSxrai (filXai, '"px^^' dotSay. 
w nav Ilai', eir' eVcri xar' wpea paKpa \vKaia>, 
fire Tw y dpfpnroXels fJieya MatVaAof, eV^ eTTi vacrov 
rav ^iiceXav, 'EXtVa 8e XiV rjpiov, alnv re trajxa 
TTjvo AvKaovi5ao, to /cat paKupecrcriv ayatJTov, 25 

Xij-yere (BcoKoiXiKus, Mwcrai, IVe, X)7-ye7-' aotSay. 
ev^, ava^, Koi rdi'Se ^ep euTTciKT-oio fiiKlnvovv 
fK KapS) avpiyya KaXui>, nepl xf'^os iXiKTav. 
Tj yap e'ywv iitt epairos ii "A'i8os eXKopai rjbr]. 

\f]yiTf jSooKoKiKO!, Mwaai, tVe, Xiyyer dotSdr. 30 

vCi/ la p.€v (f>opfoiTe jBdroi, (fiopeoire S' aKavBai, 
6. he KoKa vapKiaaos en dpKevdoia-i Kopdaai' 
navTit 8' evaXKa yevoivTO, koi a ttltvs oxyai evtiKai, 
Ad(j)uis enfl Oima-icei' kch tcis Kvvas w\a({)os cXkoi, 
Kr)^ opeoiv TOL (TKonrfs ar]86ai yapvcraivro. 35 

Xrjyere (SukoKikus, Mcoaai, iVe, Xrp/eT doi8as. 
\(o pev t6(T(t flncbv aTreTraiVaro* rov 8' 'A(f>po8iTa 
fj'deX^ nvop6o)crai' rd ye pav Xipa Trdvra XeXomei 
fK MoLpav' x^ Ad(pvis fjSa poop' {KXvae 8iva 
TOP Mcicrats (plXov up8pa, top ov livp^paiaip dnex^fi- 4° 

[Idyll 1.64-75, 114-141.] 



Unrequited Love. 

Qaaai fiav dLjjLciKyis i^bv I'lxos' aide y(voiyt,av 
a ^ojxfievda fieXicraa, Kol is reov avrpov 'iKotfxai', 
TOP Kiaaw 8ia8vs kqI tuv irripLv, a tv nvKiiaSij. 

vvv eyvav rbv Epwra" ^apiis 6e6s' v P« XffitVa? 
fxaadov edijXa^f, 8pv[i<o re jj.iv eTpa<pe fiurrjp' c 

OS p.e KaTaa-fxiixaiv Ka\ fs ocrreov axpti laTrret. 

u} TO KciXbu TTo6opf£(ra, to ndv Xt^os' w Kvdvo(f pv 
vvfi(f)a, TrpoanTv^ai fie top alnoXov, &s tv (pi\daa>. 
eaTi Koi iv Keveolai (jjiXap-aatv odea Tep\l/is. 

[Idyll III. 12-20.] 

Tdtrcr' e(f)dpav' 6 Se fioi to Xayco)36Xoi>, uBv yeXa^n?, 
as wdpos, eK '^1oLaav ^eipfj'lov (onaaev ^p-fs. 
X^) pev, aTTOKXivas in dpLcrrfpa, rdv in). Uv^as 
flp<p ooou' avTap iyav re Koi EvKpiTos is ^pncnddpco 
(TTpacpdePTes, x^ koXos ^Ap.vvTixos, ev re ^addais 5 

dSeias axtfoto p^ajueui/iVty iKXiv0T]p€s, 
'iv re veoTp,dToiai yeyndores oluapioiai, 
TToXXai S appiv vnepde Kara Kparos doveovTo 
aiyeipoi TTTeXeai re' to b iyyvdev iepop vSojp 
^vpcf)dv e| dprpoio Kareijidpepop KeXdpvaSe. 10 

To\ fie uotI (TKUpais dpoSappicriv aWaXiavfs 
T€TTiyes XciXayevpTfs e\of novov' d S' dXoXvymv 
TrjXodep ip TrvKipfja-i ISdrcop Tpv^eaKfp dicdpOais. 


aiihov Kopvboi Koi ciKavdides, eareve rpvyav' 
TTUtravTO ^ovdal Wfpi TTidaKas dficfn fieXicrcraL. 15 

TrdvT u>a8{u 6epeos fj.aka ttiovos, uaSe S' ottco/j';?. 
o)(^vai fiev Trap Troacrl, napci nXevpljcn 8e p.d\a 
8ayl/iXtws afiiv envkivdero' to\ 8' eK€)(VVTO 
opiraKts ^pa^vXoiaL Kara^pidovrfs epacrbe' 
TfTpafVfs 6e TTidcov oTreXvero Kparos aXeicpap. 20 

[Idyll VII. 129-147.] 



"AyKea Kal noTafxo), 6elov ytvos, al n Mei/aA/caf 
TTO TTOX 6 (TvpiKTas TTpo(Tcf)iXes a(Tf fieXos, 

^6(TKoiT eK yj/vxus ras a/xi/t'Sas" fjv de ttqk evdrj 
Au(j)vis exuv 8ap.aXus, pr]8eu eXacraov ex°'- 


Kpavai Koi /Soravai, yXvKfpbv (pvrov, aiirep ofiolov 5 

/novcricrSei ^d:f)vi.s raiaiv drjBovicrt, 
TOVTO TO [iaKoXiOV TTiaiufTe' Krjv TL MevaXfcny 

rJyS' dydyrj^ ^a'lpoov ii(pdova ndvTa vepoi. 


tvff oh, iv6' ulyfs biBvp-aroKoi, fv6a fxiXicra-m 

(Tpdvta 7rXijpov(Tiv, ;((u Spiffs v\jriTfpai, 10 

fvff 6 KoXbs MiXcof ^aiuei iroalv al 8' av dcjiepTTTj, 
X<o voipiiv ^rjpus Tr)v66i x "^ (^ordvai. 



Travra eap, •navTO. 8e vofioi^ navTa 8e yaXaKros 
ovdara Tr\r]6ovui,i', Kai ra via rpecperai, 

evda KoKa Nat? enivlcrcrfTaL' al 8* av a(})€pTroi, m 

Xui Tas (Bas ^oaKonv x' "' /3ofs uvoTepai. 


to Tpaye, rav "KevKav alyav avep, w ^ddos vXas 
fivpiov, (w (Tt/xat hiVT f(f)' i'fiwp €pi(poi'\ 

iv Tt]V<o yap riivos' W w Koke, /cat Xeyf MiXaii', 
;(w npci>Tfvs (f)a>Kas, (cat ^eos wj/, eVe/iie. 20 


pr} poi yav HeXonos, prj pot xpv<Tfia ToXavra 

eir] fx^v, prjbe irpoadi Biav di/epcav' 
aX\ VTTO ra Trerpa raS' aaopai dyKas €X(ov tv, 

aCvvopa paX^ e(Topo>v, rav StxeXai/ is a\a. 

[Idyll VIII. 33-56.] 



Ovx iiplv Tov "Epcora povois iT€x\ ^s iboKevpes, 
Nt/cia, (0 Tivi TovTo Biwv TvoKa riKvov eyevro' 
ovx aplv TO. KoKa rrpaTois Ka\a (^aivtrai rfpes, 
ot 6vaTo\ TTfXopfada, to S' avpiov ovk iaopHpes' 
aXXa Ka\ Ap(f)iTpvo>vos 6 x^^K^oKapdios vlos, 5 

OS TOV Xlv vTripeive tov aypiov, rfparo TraiSos 
tS> xopiiVTos "YXa, TO) tov TrXoKoplba (f)opevvTos, 


Kal fiiv ■navT f8i8a^e, jrarrjp axrel cf)i\ov via, 

oacra ^a6u>v ciya66s Koi doiSifjios avTos fyevro' 

X<^pi-^ o' ov8fTToii TjS, ovS' et fieaou afiap opotTo, lo 

ovB" OKa d XevKiTTTTOs dvaTpe)(oi 6s Aios ciioi, 

ovff onoK opTaKi)(oi fiiwpoi ttotI koitov opiaev, 

aeiaafifuas Trrepd [larpos eV aWaXoevri nerevpa' 

o)v aiirw Kara dvpbv 6 irals neTrovafxevos en;, 

aiiTM S' eii eXKau is oKaQivhv ciybp" dirofialrj. 15 

aXX* OKa TO }(pvcrfiov enXei fxera Kutas 'irjo-oiv 

AlaoviBas, 01 5 avrS apicrrrjei crvviTvovTo^ 

naaav eV ttoKiuiv Trpokiheyp-ivoi, cov oc^iKog ri, 

iKfTO x^ rnXaepyus es dcjiveiav laokKov 

'A\Kfjirivas vlos MiSfuriSoy rjpcoluas' 20 

(Tvv 6' avToo KarefSaLuev "YXas evfbpov is Apyo), 

OTIS Kvavfav ov)( rjylraro (Tvvhpuiid^wv vavs, 

oKXa bii^ai^f, ^a6vv 5' eifrihpafxe <bd(Tiv, 

auTos o)S, fieya Xalr/xa, d^' co Tore ^^oipaSfs ecTTav. 

apLOS 8' dvTfXXovTi HeXfinbes, iaxarial 8e 25 

upva viov ^oaKOVTi, Ttrpappiva (lapos rjhrj' 

rap.os vavTiXias pipvacrKfTO 6e'ios auiTOS 

fjpacov, KoiXav fie Ka6t.hpvv6ivT(S is Apyco 

'EXXdtxnovTov Ikovto, votco rpiTOv apap aevri' 

fiao) 8' oppov fBevTO UponovriBos, ev0a Kiavciv 30 

avXaKas fvpvvovTi /3oes rpil^avres aporpov. 

(KJiavres 6' em ffiva, Kara fvya Salra irivovro 

bfLiXivo'i' 7roXXo\ Se p'lav (TTopiaavro xaptvvav. 

Xapoiv yap (Tfpiv fK€iTo, piya cm^dbiCTcriv ovfiap' 

fvBfv fiovTopov ii^v, (iadCv t irdpovTO Kvneipov. 35 

Ku^fff "YXas 6 ^avOos vBcop inibopTTioi/ olauv 


avTUi 6 ''UpaKkrfi, Koi acTTffK^a. TeXafiuipi, 
(01 fiiav nfj.(j)(o iTolpoi del ba'ivvvTO Tpam^avA 
XakKeov ciyyos ex^av' rdxa fie Kpavav ivorjcrev 
fjneva fv X^P^' ^^P' ^^ 6pva iroWa nefpvKT], 40 

Kvaveop re ;^eXiSoi'(oi', ;(;Xofpdi/ r' ubiavrov, 
Koi BdXXovTa crsXipa, Koi (IXit€vt]s aypcocms' 
vdari 8' eV fiecraa) Nupcpai ^opov dpTi^ovTo, 
Nv/Li(^at dKoifirjToi, deival 6eal dypoia>Tais, 
EvviKa, KoX MaXif, e'ap 6" 6p6u)aa Nv;(e('a. 45 

rJTOi. 6 Kcbpos ineixe ttotco TToXvxavSea Kpcccrcrov, 
^dip-ai eneiyopii'os' ral S' eu ;(fpl Trdaat e(pvaav' 
nao'dau yap (pais cnraXas ({)pevas dpcpedovrjcrev 
Apyelo) eVi TraiSt* KaTrjpnrf S' is /xeXav v8a>p 
ddpoos, ws OKU nvpa-os diT ovpavui 7]pmep dtJTrjp 50 

dOpoos iv TTovTcd' vavrais 8e ns fnrev iraipos' 
KOv^oTip, oi TToiSes, TTOiflad' orrXa' TrXeva-riKos ovpoi. 
NvfKpm ptev crcpeTepois firl yovvaai Kapov exoicrai 
8aKpv6evT , dyavdlcn Tzapc^vxovT (TreeacnV 
Apcpirpvaviddas Se rapacraopevos 7rep\ TratSi 55 

(oxf'o, MaimricTTi Xa^wv fVKapnea To^a^ 
Koi ponaXov, to 01 alei> exdv8av€ te^irepd x^'V- 
rpjs piv YXav uijaev, ocrov ^a6vs ^pvye Xaipos' 
Tp\s 8' up' 6 TTois {indKovcrfv' dpaid S Ikito (Pcova 
i^ vdaros' Trapeav 8e pdXa axf^op, etSfro TToppa. 60 
as 8' onoii Tjijyevfios dnoTTpodi Xls eaaKovaras 
vefipcb (p6ey^ap£vas ris (V apeaiv, uipocpdyos X7s, 
(^ evvds ecrnevaev eTOipoTdrav eVl Saira" 
'HpaKXfr]s ToiovTOs iv arpnTTOKTiv aKdv0ais 
TToiba TTodibv 8e86vaTOj noXvv 6' iniXdpfiavi x^P°^- ^0 



a')((.r\t.oi ot ({)iK(OVTes' aXonixevos ocra iyioyrjcrev 
a>pea koI Spu/iws* to. 8' 'idaovos varepa Travr ^s. 
vavs fjLCVfv appiv e'xoKra perdpaia, rau Trapeovraiv' 
laria S' rjidioi peaopvKTiov f^€Kndaipov, 
HpaKXrja ptvovTfi' 6 8 , a n68fs ayov, e)(a)p(i ~o 

fiaivopevos' x^^^f"^ yop (aco 6e6s rjwap apvcraev. 
ovTco pii> KilWicTTos "Was paKapcov dpi6p.(LTai. 
'HpaKXerjv 8 rjpcoes tKfpropeov XmovavTaVj 
ovveKfv rjparjcre TpiaKovrd^vyov Apyo)' 
TTCcrSa 8 es KoX;(cos re Koi a^fvov meTO ^acriv. 75 

[Idyll XIII.] 


The feast of Adonis. 

Gorgo. 'EvSoi Upa^ivoa \ 

Praxinoe. Fopyol (plXa, cos xpoi^w' eVSoT. 

davp. , OTi Kill vvv TjvBes' oprj 8i(ppov, Eivoa, avra' 

epfiake Ka\ TToriKpavov, 
Gorgo. ^X" KoKkidTa. 

Praxinoe. Kadi^tv. 

Gorgo. 2) Tus dXepuTca ■^v\as' poXis vppLu icrojdrjp^ 

Upa^ivua, TToXXw pei> o;^Xct), noXXav 8i Ttdpin- 
■nav' 5 

TTavTu KprjTrihfs, nuvrq )(Xapv8rj(^6poL livhpes' 

a o 000s arpvTos tv eKauTtpco o) ptA arroiKfis. 
Praxinoe. raiff 6 nupapos Trp/os in ea^aTu yds eXa(di' 

iXtov, oiiK oiKXfcnv, otvws prj yeirovts apes 9 

aXXaXaiy, ttot f'piP, (pdoftpof kukov, aliv opoios. 


Gorgo. fxf] Xeye tov reov liv^pa^ (piXn, Aivcova Toiavra, 

TO} fxiKKci) TrapeovTos. oprj^ yvvai^ cos TTodopfj tv. 
dapcrei, Zunrvpioiv, yXvKepov tskos' ov Xeyei a7r(f)vv. 
aiaOdverai to lBp€(pus, vai tclv TTOTviav. koKos 

]''raxinoc. tnr(l)vs pav rrjvos Trpaiai', (Xiyopes Se irpiiav 
6fjv 15 

TTavTo] viTpov Koi (f)vKos dno (TKavds dyopdadav, 
Krjv6( <pepa)v aXcis (ippiv^ dvrjp TptcrAcatSe/caTTa^^vf. 

Co)go. x^H-^^ TavTa y f'x^'j ^6<Jpos dpyvpico, Aio- 

iTTTaSpdxpcoi Kvvddas, ypaiav dwoTiKpaTa Trrjpuv. 

TTiine TTOKcoff €\a(3' ex^^^> ""■"f pvirov, i'pyov in 
epyo). 20 

dXX' Wt, T'jopnexovov kcu rav TrepovaTpita Xafei). 

/Sfljues' tS) jSatrtX^oj es ucfivetcb UToXtpaicc, 

daaopevM tqv "Adoiuiv' aKovco xp'lH'^ koKuv ti 

Koapyjv Ttiv (3aai\iacrai>. 
Praxinoe. ev oXjSt'co oX/3ta navra. 

Gorgo. Siv iSe? Siv enrais Kev l8olcra tv rc5 prj IBovTi' 25 

fpTreiv wpa k e'lrj, 
Praxinoe. aepyoTs uxiv eoprd. 

Evvoa, aipe to vapa, kcu is pecrov, alvodpVTrre, 

dts ndXiv. a'l yaXiai paXaKas ;^p?/0"So!^Tt Kadfv- 

Kivev 8f], (pepf 6a<jaov vduip. vtuTos nporepov fiel' 

d Se apdpa (pipei. Sos opas. pi] novXv 8' 
an\rj(TTe. 30 

f y;^et v8(op' tv(TTave, ri pev to ;^iTa)i'ioi' apdas ) 


nave'' oTvola 6eoXs ihoKei, roiavra vepinfiai, 

a kXq^ ras fieyaXas na XdpvaKos ', wSe (f>ep avTuv. 

Gorgo. Upa^ivoa, fMiXa toi to KaTanTV)(^es ip.Trfp6vap.a 

TOVTO TTpenfi. Xeye poi, rroaao) Kare^a toi dcf)" 
IcttS) ; 35 

Praxinoe. p.r\ (xvdcrris, Topyo'i' TrXeov apyvpiat Kadapw [jLvav 
7] Svo' Tors S epyois Koi tuv ^V)(av noTedrjKa, 

Gorgo. a}<Ka Kara yva>p.av dni^a toi, 

Praxinoe. vai, koKov (inas. 

Tuip.TTi)(ovov 0fpe poij Ka\ TUV 6o\'iav KUTa Koapov 
dp<pidfs' ov< u^u> TV, TiKvov' poppu), SaKveL 

17T7TOS. 40 

baKpv , baa edeXeis' x^^"^ ^ "^ ^^' '''^ yeveaBai. 
epnapes. ^pvyia, tov piKKou TraTcrSe Xa^dlaa' 
Tav Kvv e'crco Kcikeaov' Tav avXeiav dnoKXa^op. — 
2> deo), ocrcrof o^Xos' ttws kcu ttoku tovto nepaam 
Xpf) TO KaKov \ pvppaKfs dvupidpoi km upeTpoi. 45 
TToXXd Toij d> IlToXepaie, irtiroi-qraL KaXa f'pya, 
f^ a) iv uBavarois 6 TCKaiv. ov8e\s KUKoepyos 
daXflTai TOV lovra, tTapipivav AlyvTTTia-Ti' 
oia Tp\v (^ dnnTas KfKpoTapeioi uv8pes firaiahov, 
dXXdXoii 6paXo\, KQKa Traiyvia, ndvTes epeioi. 50 
flSt'cTTa Fopyoi, tl yevoipeda ; to\ TVToXepiaTai 
Imroi Ta> jSaaiXrjos. avep (f)iXf, prj pe 7raTjjCT7;s. 
op66s dvidTa 6 TTvppos' 16' <ui aypios' Kvvodapaf]^ 
Evvda, oil (p^v^rj J 8iaxpf]af'iTaL tov ayovTa. 
wvddrjv peyuXas, oTi poi to fipecpos pevei epdov. 55 
Gorgo. 6dp(Tii, Upa^tvoa. Koi brj yfyevrjptO oTnadeW 
Tol b' t(^av (i x'^P^"- 


Praxinoe. Kaira avvayeipofiai tj8t], 

iTTTTOP KOL TOP y^v^pov 6(f)iv TafiuKiaTa SeSoiKco 
€K TraiSdy. (TTTfuSw/if s* ocros o)(Xos amxiv inippei. 

Gorgo. e^ av\as, w fiarfp ] 

Old W. (yav, « reKva. 

Gorgo. TTapfvBelv 60 

evfiapes ; 

0/d IV. is Tpoiav TZfipooixevoi ipOof 'A;^a£ot, 

Kak\i(TTa Traidcov. ivelpq 6i)v ndvra reXfirai. 

Gorgo. ■)(^pr]< a irptcr^vTis airutxfTo deani^aaa. 

Praxinoe. navTa ywaiKes 'iaavTi, kcli ws Zevs dyayeB" 
' Wpav. 

Gorgo. 6acrai, Ilpa^ivoa, nepl ras 6vpas oaaos ojil- 
'S.os. 65 

Praxinoe. deaTreaios, Topyol. 86s tuv x^P'^ M°'' ^a/^e 

KOi, TV, 

"Evvoa, 'EvTVxiSos' nurex "i'™, M') ''"^ nXavrjdijs. 

Tracrai a/x ficrevdcojies' dirp't^ ^'x^^> Evvoa, ap.cov. 

0) fjLoi BiiXaia, 8ixa fiev to depLCTpiov rjdr] 

fcrxiCTTai, Topyol. ttottSj Atoy, aiVi yevoio 70 

evoalfjLcov^ w ' vdpcoTTf, (pvXdaaeo rcL/^iTrep^oi/oi/ fiev. 
Spectator. ^^'^ ^'^' ^'■^ 1^^"' "M'"^ ^« cpvXd^ofMai. 

Praxinoe. ddpoos oxXos' 

w6evv6' uxrntp ves. 


spectator. Gapan, yvvai' eV KaXw ilp.ks. 

Praxinoe. Kels wpas, KfjneiTa, 0i\' dvSpcov, iv naXu} e'irjs, 

aupe 7Tepi(TTeXX(0P, XPI'^'^^ KcoKTipfjiovos dv- 

dpos. 75 


cf)\i^€Tai Eivoa afifiiv' ay, a> 8ei\a tv, jStaffu. 

/caXXtor'* eVSot Tracrai, 6 rav vvov e/rr' UTTOKKd^as. 
Gorge. npa^ivoa, TToray S)8e' ra TTOiKiKa nparov adprj- 

XfTTTo. Koi ois x^^pi-^vTa' Becbu irepovapara (f>a(T€ls. 
rraxinocTioTvi 'Adavaia' Tvoiai (r(/)' iTvovaarnv epiBoi, 80 

TToioi ^aoypdcpoi ruKpi^ea ypdppar eypn\f/av ; 

w? ervfi iariiKavTi, koi ajy ervp! ivhivfvvTi. 

f'pyj/vx , ovK fvvfpavTci. (To<poi' ti XP'Im' (>iv6pu>TT0i. 

avros S' wy darjros eV npyvpta) KaraKeiTai 

(cXtcr/xw, Trpdrov 'lov\ov dno KpoTd(p(i)v Kara- 
/SdXXmj', 85 

6 TpKpiKrjTOs "AScoris o Krjv 'A)((povTi (piXe'iTai. 

Second Travaaaff' , d> dvaravoi, dvdvvra KcaTtXXoicrai 

Spectator. , , - ^ ' s. « 

rpi'yoi'es' (KKvaicrfvvri TrAaTdairOoicrai aTrapra. 

Gorgo. pd, TTodfv cov6panos; ri 8e riv, d KcortXai dpts', 

rraadpevoi (TTLTacrae' 'EvpaKoaiais (TriTacrafis ', 90 
u)s eiSJ}y KOI TovTo, Kopivdiai, dpes avcodev, 
61s Kol 6 BfXXepofficiyv' IleX OTTOwacricrrt \a\evpts' 
Aoapiabfv i'^ecTTi, 8oku>, tois AapueacTi. 

Praxmoe. ixf) (pvlr], MeXtrcoSej, 6s dpSiV Kaprepos f'lrj, 

TrXdv evos' ovk aXtyco, prj pni Kivedv dnopd^rji. f)_:^ 

Gorgo. aiya, Upa^ivoa' peWd top ' AboiVLV deiBeu 
d Tus Aypdas dvydrrjp TroXv'iHpis doi^os, 
uTis Koi '2ir(p'xiv Tuv u'lXfpov apiarevcre' 
(pfffy^flrai ti, adcf) otSa, koXoV tiadpinTTfTai fjbrj, 

[Idyll XV. 1-99.] 



Eros shmg by a bee. 

Tof Kki-KTav TTOT "EpoiTa KOKo. KiVTaae fiiXiacra, 
KTjpiov eK aiplSXav avkivptvov' iiKpa 8e ■^(eipav 
haKTvKa TTuvr vnevv^ev' 6 S" uXyee, Koi x^P f^pyo-r), 
Koi Tav yav endra^e, koI aXaro" to. S' 'A0poStra 
^f'l^ev Tav obvvav, Koi fiifK^iro, ottL ye tvtBov 5 

6-qpiov ivrX pfXiaaa, Ka\ ('iKlko rpavpara TTOieT. 
Xn paTTjp yeXaaaaa, Tu S' ovk taov ecral peXiorcrais ', 
XOi tvt66s pev erjs, ra Se rpavpara aiXiKa noiels. 

[Idyll XIX.] 


./ige and youth. 

Olvos, w <^i'Xe ncii, Xeyerai, koi aXddea' 

Kcippe XPV pf6vovTas uXadeas eppevai, 

Krjva) pev rd (ppevav (pea) /cear iv pvx<f- 

ovx oXas (piXeeiv p i6iXr]<T& divb Kapbias, 

yivuxTKco, TO yap apiav tus foiay e^o), 5 

^f) Tav crdv ISeav, to 8e Xonrov aTTcoXero. 

X^iTav pev TV deXrjs, paKdpeacrcv 'laciv dyco 

apipaV oKa S' ovk ideXrjS tv, pdX' iv (tk6t<o. 

ncos TavT dppeva, tov (piXeovr uviais dtSwv ; 

dXX' ft poL Ti TTidoio, veos TTpoyevfaTfpa — 10 

Tc5 Ka\ Xaiov avTOi e'xdiv i'p enaivecrai — 

noirjcrai KuXidv piav elv iv\ SevSpeo), 

oTTTta pTjbev dnl^fTai aypiov opneTov. 



vvv 8e TwSe \ilv (ifiaros oKXov e^es Kkdbov, 
aWov S' avpiou, (^ hepa 8' ertpov p.arf)s. 15 

Ktti Kfv (Tfv TO KaXov Tis IBcov pedos aluecTT], 
T<a8' evdvs nXfOv fj rpierrjs iytvov (^I'Xos* 
TOP iTpaTOV Se ipiXevvra rpiTolop i6r]Kao. 
dvhpoiV Tcbv VTTiprjvopiav SoKe'ets TTvieiV 
(j)i\(i S', as- Ke C"SS, Tou vp.oiov 'e'xeiv aei 20 

al yap o)8e ttoi^s, dya66s peu aKovaeai 
i^ a(TTaV 6 U Toi K epos oh xakenas exoi, 
OS dvBpS)v <f)pevas evp.apecos vnodapvarat., 
KTjpe fioXdaKov (^enovaae aiBapeo). 
aXX' OTrpl^ arraXw (TTv/xaros ae TTfbe'pxop-ai- 25 

S) fivda-6r}6', on nepvaiv ^aOa veairepos, 
Xo>Tt yrjpaXioL niXopes, Trplf dnonTvaai, 
Koi pv(ro\, vforara S' i'xev naXivdyperov 
ovK i'cTTi- Trrepvyas yap inapabias (^opic 
Kuixpes ^aphvTepoi ra ■jvoTT]peva avWa^elv. 3° 

Tavra xph votovra ireXfiv Trori/iwTcpoi/, 
Kai poL Twpaptvto avvfpdv aSoXcos (redev, 
oTTTTwr, uvLKa Tuv yevvv avbpetav fxU^} 
dXXaXoio-i 7reX«;xe5' 'Ax'^^"°' '^''^°'- 
al 8e Tavra (j)(pfiv dvepoiaiv fTTiTpeneis, 35 

fV evp^ T( Xeyety, Ti pe, 8aip6vi\ ivoxXfls' 
vvv pev KrjTrl to. xpvcfa pak' hfKiV aidev 
[ialr)v, Ka\ ({jvXaKov vfKvoiV TTt'Sa Kep^epoV 
TOKU b\ ovbi KaXfiiVTOs eV avXftai.s Bvpais 
npop-oXoipi Kf, TTuvadpevos x«Xe7rw Trodo). 4° 

[Idyll XXIX.] 

BIO AT. 459 



Cypris and dead Adonis. 

dvairoTfie fj.(7vov"A8u>vi., iravvcrTaTov as ere Kix^eiw, 
(OS ere TrepLTTTv^a), Koi )(€tXea ^^eiXecrt jii^a). 
i-ypeo Tvrdov'ASuvi, to 8' av witfiarou fie (piKaaov' 
TocrcrovTov fie (piKaaov ocrov fcoft to (plXafia, c, 

axpis ano '^v)(ris es ipov aTOfia Kels efiov Tfnap 
Trvevp.a Tfou peva;], to fie aev yXvKv (piKTpov dpeX^O), 
f< 8e TTiu) Tou epcoTa' (f)i\afia 8e tovto (^nXa^w, 
as avTov tov ' A.b<ovLV end crv pe, tvap.ope, (^evyeis, 
(jievyeis p.aKpbv,''Adaivi, koi epx^ai els 'AxepovTa lo 

Koi OTvyvov ^a<n\rja Kai aypiov' a. 8e Tokaiva 
fcoG), Kol 6e6s efipi, koI ov hvvapai ere hiaiceiv. 
Xafij3ave, Ilepcxefjiuva, tov ipov noaiV eVcrt yap avTa 
TToXX'ju epev Kpeaacov' to Se ttov koXop es (re KUTappe'i. 
elpi 8 e-yw ■jravaTTOTfios, e;(co S' aKopetTTOv av'i-qv, ic 

Kai KXaio> Tov''A8a>VLV, o fiOL 6dve, Kai ae ^o^evfiai. 
ovdaKeis, o) TpmodaTe' ttoBos 8e fioi as ovap eTTTTj. 
XWl ^' " Kvdepeta, Kevol 8' dva 8a>fiaT "EpioTes. 

ald^Qi Tou'A^aviV aTrooXeTO KaX6s''A8(uvis. 
fiT]KeT eVi Spvpolai top dvipa p.vpeo, Kinrpi. 20 

}6o nio N. 

ecTT ayada arijSai, ivTiv 'AScoj/tSt (fivWas iroifia' 
XfKTpov ex^i, Kvdepeia, to aov rdSe vfKpos AScows. 
Koi veKVS wi' KoXos ecm, Kn\6s veKvs, oin KadevBav. 
Kcirdeo VLV fjLoXaKois iv\ (jidpeaiv, ois iviavev, 
To'is fiera crev dvci vvKTa top Upov virvov epoxdei, 25 

iTayxpv(Ta> KKivTrjpi' Trodti Koi arvyvov' A^aviv. 
/3dXXe S' fVi (TTe(j)uvoicn Ka\ civdecri' iravTa uvv avra, 
tbf T^vos TedvaKe, Kal civdea Tvdvr epapdvdr]. 

[Idyll I. 42-59, 66-76.] 


T/ic teacher taught. 

'A /ieydXa p~oi Kvnpis W vnvaovTi irapiara, 
vr]TTiaxov T6v"EpQ)Ta KoXds (k ;(etp6s ciyoKra, 
fs x^"'^^ vevard^ovTa, touov Se fj.01 ((ppaae pv6oV 
jiiXmiv poi, (^t'Xe ^ovra, XajBcov Tov"'Epa>Ta hlbaaKe. 
as \eye' x " 1^^" dmjvBev, e'-yo) 8', ocra jSaiKoXiaaBov, 5 
VTjnios w? ideXovra p-aOe'iv T6u"EpoiTa diSaaKov, 
a>s (vpev TrKay'iavKov 6 Ilav, «? axikov Aduva, 
u)s x^^^" 'Eppdcjv, Kidapiv 6' 0)9 ddvs AnoXXav, 
ravrd ynv i^(hiba<TKOv' 6 8' ovk efnrd^eTO pvdav, 
dXXd jxoi avTos cifidfv fpcorvXa, Koi fi eSt'Sacr/ce 10 

dvariov T ndavdraiv re TTodovs, koi /xarepos fpya. 
KTjycop fKXaddpau pev oaoiv tw epara 8i8acrKOV, 
oaaa 8' epcos /x' ihlha^ev ipMTvXa irdvT ediSdxdrjv. 

[Idyll III.] 

MOSC HUS. 4<>i 





AeCr erdpai (piXiai Koi ofxrjXiKes, o(})p' eVt ratde 
e^ofievai ravpa Tepnaneda' 817 yap dndaas, 
vuTOV vTToa-Topea-as, dva8e^(Tai, old re vrjvi. 
TTprjiis ob' elcrtSeeiv kuI fieiXixoi, ouS« ti ravpois 
aXXoLcri npoaeoKf' vooi 8e ol tjire (jiairos 5 

a'iaipos dpfpideei, povvrjs S' iniSevfTai av8fjs. 

cos (papevT], vwroiaiv e(j)i^av€ pfi8um(ru' 
al S' aXXm peXXtaKov. cicpap 6' dvtTrtXmTo ravpos, 
fju k'deX' dpnd^as' wkvs 8' eVi novrov Uavev. 
7) 8e p.eraaTpi(p6f'L(Ta ^iXas KoXtfaKsv iraipas, 10 

Xflpas opfyvvpevT)' rai b' ovk ibvvavro Kixdvfiv. 
aKTdcdv S' em^ds TTpoaaoi 6i(v, rjvTf SeX^is, 
XTjXais d^psKTOKTiv eV evpea Kvpara jSaivuv. 
r] be TOT ipxopiifoio yaXrjvidaa-Ke ddXaaaa' 
KTjTfa S' dp.({)U liraXXe Aios npondpoide irobouv' 15 
yr]66(rvvos 8' vnep olbpa KV^iaTfe ^vaaoBe beXfjiis. 
Nrjpitbes 8' dvebva-av in i^ dXos, ai 8' apa ndaai 
KTjTeiois vcDTOiaiv i(pr]pevai dvroxeovTO. 
Koi 8' avTos ^apvbovnos vtreip dXos 'Ei/j/oo-iyatos 
K.vp.a KaTiBifoiV uXlrjs r]ya.To KeXevdov 20 

avT0Kaa-iyvT)T(0' to\ 8' dp(pi ptv rjyepeSovTo 
TpiTOives, TTovToio ^advppuov evvaeriipfs, 


K6)(\oL(nv Tuvaois ydfiiov jxeXos rjTvvovTes. 

T] S' «/j' i(^€^ojj.ivq Ztjpos ^oeoLs fni vcoroii, 

rfi fxev fx^" '''o-vpov hoKixpv Kepas, iv X^P'- ^ <'^^?7 25 

(ipv€ nop(f)vper]P koXttov TTTVxa, o(ppa Ke fir] 

8fvoi ((^ikKoyLivqv TToXiTJs aXos acnreTOV vScop, 

KoiXncodr] b' dvefioiai TreVXoj ^a6vs 'EvpcoTretrjs, 

laTiov old re vt)6s, eXa(f)pi^€aKe 8e Kovprjv. 

[Idyll II. 102-130.] 


The flowers ret rn but vian returneth not. 

"Apx'^Ti Si/ceXiKai rto vrevdeos, npxere Moicrat, 
at, at, Toi fxaXuxai p^ev iirav koto, kclttov oXcovtm, 
Tj TO. p^Xcopct aeXiva, to r evdaXes ovXou avrjOov, 
v(TTepov ail ^atovri Koi els (tos ciXXo (pvovri' 
ap.p{s d\ oi nfyuXoL Ka\ Kaprepoi. r/ (ro<po\ avBpes, 5 
ornroTe irpdra 6dva>p,es, dvaKooi, iv x^ovi KoiXq. 
€v8op,{s eii fidXa paKpov ureppova vrjyperov virvnv, 

[Idyll III. 105-in.] 



Hymn to tlie hath of Pallas. 

Ocrcrai Xarpoxooi ras IlaXXddos, e^ire Tracrai, 

e^ire' rav tmrcov upri (ppvaacrofxepav 
rap Upav icraKovcra, Ka\ & 6ebi evrvKos epTrei' 
<to\i(t6( pvp, w ^ap6a\, a-ovcrdf, HfXaa-yidBfs. 

CALL LMA C // US. 463 

ou TVOK Adavaia fifyakcjs aTrewi^aro 7ra;^ft?, 5 

irplv Koviv iTTTrdav i^iKacrai Xayovwv' 
oi/S oKa hi], \v6pa) nenaXayneua iravra (f)fpoi(Ta 

Tfvx^ea, TU)V (i8iKa>v fjvd' utto yqyeviutv, 
aWa TToKv irpariaTOV vcj)' apfiaros av)(evas inTrau 

Xv(rafjLfva, nayms fKXvafv 'Q,KfavQ> lo 

IdpS) Kol padaptyyai' e(poij3aa€v Se nayePTa 

navra )(a\ivo(f)a.y(ov acppov dno (TTopdruiv. 
(b IT, Ax^ai'idbfs, Koi pr] pvpa, p,rj8 dXa/Saorpwy, 

(^(Tvpiyycov uiio (})66yyov VTra^ovicopj 
pTj pvpa, XmTpo)(6oi, TO. ETaAAaSt, pr]h' aka^uarpcos 15 

{ov yap 'Adavaia )(pipaTa piKTii (ptXd) 
oiaere, p-qde Karompov' dii Kokbv oppa to Trjpas' 

ov8 OKa Tap ' ihav ^pii^ idUa^ep fpw, 
ovS €S 6pfi)(a\K0P peyd\a 6e6s, ou6e ^ipovPTOS 

e^Xeyp-ev h'lvap is diacfyaipopepap' 20 

ov8 "Hpa" KvTTpis 8e Siavyea x^Xkop iXolcra, 

TToXXdKi TUP avTciP 8\s peTeOrjKe Kopap. 
d fie, 8\s e^t]KOVTa tiadpe^aaa 8iavX<os, 

ola Trap' Evpcora to\ AaKe8aip6iHoi 
daTepes, ipinpdpms erpLyp-aTo, XiTct Aa/3oi(ra 2~, 

Xpi-pora, Tas I8ias eKyova (fiVTaXids. 
(o Kapai, TO 8' epfvdos dpe8pape, Trpai'iop oiap 

■q pohop rj (Tt^hns kokkos ?X*' XP°''*"'* 
Tw Koi pvv apcrev Te KopicraaTe /xwi/ov tXaiop, 

a> KdaTcop, o) Kal XP'-^''''^'- 't{po.i<Xet]s' 30 

o'laeTe kol KTeva 01 Tvayxpvcrfov, u>s otto ;(atTai' 

7re^T]Tai, Xinapop apacrapiva nXoKapop. 
i'^iff, 'A6avaia' napd toi KaTadvpios I'Aa, 

nap6ePi,Ka\ peydXap ira'ihfs 'AK((TTopi8dp. 


f^id , ^h.6avala TrepatnroKi, xpvcrfonrjKri^, 3j; 

iTTTTav Koi craKeuiv a8ofXfva Trardyoi. 
(xiifitpov, v8po(p6poi, pT) /SuTTTere' (rdfifpov, "Apyos, 

irlvfT dno Kpavdv, prjS' otto Ta>v iroTafiwv, 
adpepov, al 8u)Xai, ras Kd\7n8as rj is '^vcrdSeiav 

^ is 'Apvpdivrjv o'laere rau AavaS). 40 

Koi yap 8rj ^pv(rw re Kai apdeaiv vSara pi^as 

ij^ei (pop^aioiv ' lva)(os i^ opeatv, 
TaOdva TO Xoerpov aycov KaXov. dWa, UeXaaye, 

(Ppd^eo, pi] ouK i6iXu)i> tup ^acTLXeiap 'i8j]s. 
OS Kfv i8r] •yv/ii'ai' rdu UaWdda, Tiiv no\i.ov)(ov, 45 

Tuipyos ido'^iirai Toiiro iravvcTTdTcov. 

[Hymn Y. 1-34, 43-54-] 





T6(f)pa 8 Y\as x^^'^^ll o'^'^ Kd\ni.8i vorrcfuv SpiXov 
8i^T}T0 Kprjvrjs Upbv pdov, ws Ktv o\ v8u)p 
(})6airi d(^vvcrupevos 7TOTi8upniov, ciXXa re irdura 
oTpaAtas Kara Koapov inapTiacrfLiv lovTi. 
8t] yap piv Toioiaiv iv TJdeaiv avros e(j)fpf:ie 
VTjTTia^^ov TO. TrpwTu, 8(')pa>v iK narpos dnovpas, 
8iov Qeio8dpavTos, ov iv ApvoTreaaiv eVe^fe 
VT]K(io)S, ftobs ap,(jn yecopopov dvTi6a>i>Ta. 
t'It(il (') pkv vciOLO yvas TtpvecrKiv dporpo) 

A POLL ONI us. 465 

GetoSd/nas avlrf ^f^oXtjufvos' aiirap o top ye lo 

IBovv apoTrjv tjvcoye napaa-^enfv ovk fOeXovra. 
UTo yap npocpaaiv TToXfp.ov Apvonfcra-i (jaXiadai 
\fvya\eT]v, eVel ov Ti SUrji aXeyovres euaiov. 
dWa TO. p.€v TTjXov K€V aTTOTrXdy^eiev aotS^y. 
aiyfra 8' o ye Kpr'jurjv [XfreKiadev, ^v KoXeovai 15 

Urjyus dyxlyvoi ntpivauTai. ol 8e ttov apri 
^vix(f)aci)p laravTo X°P^^' ^e'^f yop cr(f)iai, Trdaais, 
ocraai Kua iparov 'Svpcpai p'lov dp-^fxpipovTo, 
Aprepiv evvvxtfjcriv del fxeXnecrdai doidali. 
ai p.ev oaai o-kottlus opecov Xdxov, rj Koi evavXovs, 20 
ai ye fiev vXTjcupoi dnoTrpodev earixoayin'o, 
T] Be veov Kpf]vr]s dvebvero KuXXivdoto 
Nvpcfir] e'(f)v8aTLT]' top 8e o-^fSoj/ elaepurja-e 
KoXXe'i Kuc yXvKepijaiP epevdnpevop ;(a/3tVfcr(rt. 
Trpo? yap ol dixofxrjvis dn aWepos aiyd^ovaa 2=, 

/3nXXe 2eXT}vair]. ttjp 8e (jypevas fiTToirja-e 
Kvirpii, dprjxapirj 8e poyis (Tvvaye'ipaTo 6vp6p. 
avTap o y cof tu Trpcora p6a ei'i KaXniP epetcre 
Xixpis eTnxpipi<^6eis, irep\ 8' acnrerop e^paxev v8a)p 
XoXkov es Tjxrjevra cfjopevfiepop, avriKa 8' fj ye 30 

Xmov pev Kadinrepdev en avxevos avdero ivrixvP, 
Kvaa-ai enidvovcra repev aropia' 8e^iTepf] 8e 
dyKcop ea-TVaae X"P'> M^'o".? 8' eviKalSQaXe 8'iptj. 

[Argon. I. 1 207-1239.] 

Aphrodite seeking Eros finds hiin at play with Ganymede. 

ESpe 8e TOP y dirdpevQe, Ajoj OaXepfi iv dXo>f}, 

OVK oiov nera koi TapvfirjSea, top pa Ttore Zevs 



ovpavui eyKarevaaaei/ fcpfariov ddavuToiai, 

KaXXfos i[X(p6eis. m/^<^ aarpayaXoKTi Se tw ye 

Xpvcrfiois, are Kovpoi oprjdees, e\j/i6(ovTo. ^ 

Kui p 6 pev TJhi} irdpivav iviiiKeov a> enl pa^a 

pdpyos Epcof XaiTJs inroiaxave x^ipos dyoarov, 

6p6bi €(p((TT7)u)s' yXvKepov 5e ol dp<p\ napeias 

Xpoifj ddXXfv epevdos. 6 S' iyyvdep OKXaSov r)(rTo 

alya Karrjcpioav' Sotcu 5' ^X^^t aXXov ed' uvTOis lo 

(IXXcp (niTTpoiels, KexoXwro Se KayxaXooiPTt. 

Kai prjv Tovs ye Trapdcrcrov in\ irpoTepoicnv oXeaaas 

jSf] Keveals criiv x^P^*-^ dprjxavos, ov8' evorjae 

KvTTpiv infnXopevTjv. t) 6' dvTirj laraTO TraiSof, 

Kai piv u(f)ap yvcidpoLo KnTacrxopeur] Trpocreenre. 15 

" TiTTT fTTipdCidas, ucparov kukou * f]e piv avras 
^na(f)€s, ov8e dU]] wepiinXeo, irfiv iovru J 
€1 6 uye poi npu(pp(ov reXeaov xp^os, o ttl KfV eiTTO)' 
KUL Kev Toi undaaipi Aius TrepiKuXXes ''i6vppa, 
Kf'ivo, TO ol nolrjae (f)lXr] Tpofjibi 'AS/jfyoreia, 20 

avrpco iv l8alo> en vrjiria KOvpi^ovTi, 
(Kpaipav evTp6x»Xov, rrjs ov crv ye peiXiov liXXo 
X(i-p<i)v ll(f)ai<TTOio KaTanTeaTLcrar) apetov, 
Xpvaea pev ol kvkXu reTevxarai' dpcfn S' f/cacrro) 
biirXoai dx^iSef nepir^yees elXiaaovrai,' 25 

KpVTTTai 8e pacpai el-jiv' eXi^ S' embeSpope ndaais 
Kvaverj, drop, ei piv eals eVi x*/^""' ftdXoio^ 
darrjp Sis, (f)Xeyi6ovTa 81 T]epos oXkou Irjai, 
rrju TOi eyiav OTvdcra)' crv 8e irapOevov AirjTao 
6eX^ov, oiarevcras en 'irjcrovi.' pr)de tis ecrrui 30 

dp^uXiT]. br] yap Kev dcpavporepr] X"P'S ^'V* 


'Qf (f)dTO' Tu 6' darTraarov tiros yiver daaiovTi. 
fieikia 8 eKjSaXe iravTa, Koi dfiCpoTeprjai ^irmvos 
vcoXf/Ltes €vda Koi evda 6(ds e'x*^' ofi<})iii(fiap7ra>s, 
XtVcTfTO 8' af\|/-a TTopfiv avToax^eSuv' rj S" dyavoiaiv 35 

dvTOfMfVT] fMudoiaiv, fTTfipvaaaaa Trapeias, 
Kvaae iTOTi(T)(op€vr}, koi dpd^ero fifidioaxTa. 

" loTQ) vvi' ToBe aelo (pikov Kaprj, rjB e'/joi' avrris, 
rj fiiv (Toi 8a)p6v ye rrape^opai, ouS' dnnTTjaco, 
e'l Kev eviCTKLpxIrrji Kovprj jSeXo? AlTjTao, " 40 

^^' 6 8' ap' d(rTpayd\ovs avvaprjcraTO, KabBe cf)aeiva 
firjTpos irjSf ev navTas dpiOprjcrns, ^<iXe koXtto), 
avTiKa d' to86Kr]v xpvcre'rj TrepiKardero piTprj, 
irptpvo) K(Kkipivr]v' dva S' dyKvkov etXero to^op. 
/3^ Se St' fK ^eydpoio Aios TrdyKapnov u\cor]v. 45 

[Argon. III. 114-158.] 


Medea resolves to die rather than betray her father 
or let Jason perish. 

'H, Kai (pcopinpov pfreKiadei', fj evi TroXXa 
(pdpnaKa oi, Tci ptv icrd'ha, to. 8e paiarrjpi eKtiTo. 
ivBepivq b' eVt yovvar obvptro. beve be KoKnovs 
aXKTjKTOv boKpuoiai, to. 6' eppeev aarayes avTcos, 
aiv 6\o(j)vpopevrjs top ebv popov, lero b r} ye 5 

(j)dppaKa Xe^arrdai dvpo(p66pa, ocppa rracraiTO. 
Tjbrj Koi beapovs dveXvero (pcopiapolo, 
e^fXeeif pepav'ia, bvadppopos. dWd 01 a<pva> 
belp! oXnov crTvyepoio Kara (ppevas fjXO AtSao. 
ecr-^eTO b' dprpaaij] brjpov ■)(p6vov, dpcfn be Tracrac 10 

H h 2 


dv/j.rjbe'li ^lOTOio /ifXjjSwe? Iv^dXkovro.](TaTO fjiiv rfpirvbiv, ocr iv\ ^coolai ireKdurai, 
Hi'Tjcraff OfirjXiKirji nepiyrjdios, o'u'i re Kovpt]' 
Kai re (H TjeXios y\vKia>v yever tlaopaaaBai, 
f} napos, el (T(6v ye v6<o eirefiaUd' eKaara. 15 

Koi TTjv fiev pa noKtv acfxTepaiv dnoKdrdeTo yovvav, 
"Hpr^s €vveaij]ai peTaTpoTTOs, old en ^ovXas 
aXXji Soui^ecTKep' eeXSero 8' alyp'a (fiaviivai 
t;co reXXopevrjv, iva oi 6e\KTr]pia doirj 

(f)uppaKa avvdecTirjai, koi avTidcreuv es u>Tnp'. 20 

TTVKVu S" dva KXyjidas eutv XveaKe 6upda>v, 
aiyXjji/ (TKeTTTopevr]' rfi 6' acnrdcnov ^ake (f)eyyos 
Hpiyevtjs, klvvvto 8' dva. TTToKiedpov e/cacTTOt. 

[Argon. III. 802-824.] 



Alexandra's vision of i he fall of Troy. 

Kat hi] KaralOei yaiau 6px']0'Tf]i "Apt)s, 

(rrpopiBo) Tuv alfiaTTipov e^dp)(a)V vopov. 

dnacra 8e ^daiv Trpolppdruiv hj]ovpevTf 

Kelrai, TTfcf)piKav S' wcrre Xrjiov yvai 

Xoyx^ais dnocTTiXlBoPTei. olpoiyrj 6e poi 5 

eV cocrt TTvpyav e^ uKpcov ivbdXXeTai, 

rrpos aWepos Kvpovaa vrjvepovs e^pas, 

yi'iM yvvaiKup Ka\ KaTappciynii nenXcou, 

uXXrjv en' uXXu a~vp.(^opuv debeyptvcov. 

[Alexandra, 249-257.] 




Love his only I he vie. 

QeKoi Xeyeiv 'Arpei'Sar, 

6e\<x) Se Kd8fxov a8fiv' 

a ^dp^iTos Se ;(opSais 

"Epeora ixovvov ijx^'i. 

rjlieiy^a vevpa irpairju 5 

KOL rijv \vpT]v anaaav, 

Kuyoi fiev f/dov tidXovs 

'HpaKKeovs' Xvpr) 8e 

epoiras avrecfioivft., 

^aipoiTe XotTToj/ rjpuP, JO 

fjpaes' Tj XvpT) yap 

povovi ' Epcoras a8ei. 


Drinking universal. 

'H yrj peXaiva Tvivei, 
iTivei de Bevbpe ai) yijv, 

TTipei daiKaaaa S' avpas, 

6 S rjXios 6d\aaaav^ 

Tov 6' fjXwv afXrjvT]. 5 

Ti pin pa-^ecrff , iraipoi, 

KavTU diXoVTl TTlVftV ; 



The visit of Eros. 

MeaowKTiois nod' wpais, 
(7Tpeip€Tai or' "Apuros ^^rj 
Kara X^''-P^ "^h^ l^oarov, 
fifpoTTCov Se (^I'Xri ttuvto 
Kearai Konoi dafievra, 5 

TOT Epas eTTiarTadeii fiev 
6vp€U>v (KOTTT o^rjas. 
Tis, ((f^]^, $vpas dpd(T(Tfi ; 
Kara /xev cr^^iffif ovelpovs. 
6 8 Epwf, avoiye, (^rjalv 10 

^p(<j)os ej/iii, /i^ (f)6l3r](Tai' 
^pe^opai 8e KncreATji/oi/ 
Kara vvktu nfTV^avqpai. 
iXerjcra rnCr d/coi^o-ay, 

dua 8' ev6v \vxvov a^as 15 

dvici^a, Koi ^p((pos pep 
€(TOpo) (f)fpovTa TO^OV 
TTTtpvyds re Kai (^aptTp-qv. 
Trapa d" laTirjv Ka&icra, 

TToKdpais re x^lpas avTov 20 

dvtdciXnnv, fK 8e xairr)s 
dnfdXi^ov vypou vdcop. 
6 8', eVei Kpvcs ptdrjKev, 
<t>(pf, </>'70't, TTfipdaoipfV 
To8f TQ^ov, «i ri poi vvv 25 


/3X«|3«Tat /3pa;(flcra vivpx], 

rapvei fie Kai /if rvTcrei 

fiftrov T]iTap, mcnrep oicrrpos' 

ava b aXXfrai Ka)(ii^uiv, 

^eve 8', einf, (Tvyxapr]6i' 30 

Ktpas d^Xa^fs pev icrriv, 

(TV be KapBltjv Trovrjcreis. 


TAe adornment of his cup. 

Toj/ apyopov Topfvcras, 
H(j)aiaTe pot ttoitjctov 
TTavonXtav pev ovxiy 
TTOTTjpiov 8e KolXov' 

oaov 8vvT], ^aOvvov. g 

trnid 8e poi kut avrov 
prjT iiarpa, pr]6 apd^as, 
pfj aTvyvbv 'Qpicova' 
aXX apneXovs xXooxras^ 
Koi ^orpvas yeXcbvras, 10 

avp Tw KaXoi Avaico. 



The Eretrians in Media, 

OtSe TXOT Alyaioio ^apv^pofiov oibfia XtTroires 

EK^arducov TreStw Keifieff iv\ fxea-dra. 
X"-''P^j kXvtjj TTore waTpls 'Eperpia, ;^aiper', 'Adrjvai 
yfLToves Y.v(3oir]s, X°-^P^> &d\aG<ja (/j/Xt;. 



On the Greeks who fell at Chaeronea. 

OtSe iraTpas eveKa a^erepas els hripiv i'devTo 

orrXa, Koi avTiiraXcov v^piv dnfCKebaaav. 
papvup-fvot S ape-njs Koi Selparos ovk iaddxrav 

\|^i;;(as aXX' 'Aidrjv Koivov idevTO j3pa^rj, 
ovvfKfv 'EWrjvav, w? prj ^vyov av)(ivi devrts 

8ovXocrvvT]s (TTvyepuv dp(p\s {'xuxriu vfipiv. 
yaia be rrarpls e^ei KoXnois tcov nXe'icTTa KapovTotv 

awpuTj errel BvrjTols (k Aioy iJSe Kpicris' — 
p,r]8ev dpaprtlu ecrri, 6eS>v Koi Travra Kampdovv , 

(V ^lOTTj fioipav 8 ovTi (j)vye'iu enopev. 



The tomb of Achilles. 

8<i)fir]aav, Tpditcov Selfia aal eacrofievcov' 
alyiaXa 8e vevevKtv, tva (TTova^fjcn 6a\dcr(Trjs 
KvBaivoiTO TTuis rijs aXtaj GertSof. 



Mr) fif rdipco avyKpive rhv "EKTopa, pr]8' eVi rvp^co 

perpei tov 7rdo"7j? 'EXXuSo? avTiTvoKov. 
'iXias, avTos "oprjpos ifioi Td<pos, 'EXXaj, 'A;;(aiot 

(pfvyovres, tovtois irdcnv €)(a>vvvp(da' 
el S' oXiyj^i' a(ipHi eV ifioi kovlv, ovk e'/iol ala-\oi' 

'EXXiji'coi' f)(6pals ;(fpcrti' ex<ovvvpfda. 




XdpaTos rjVfpoevTos an alBepoi ol)(op(voio 

7rop(f)vpiri peidriaf (pepavdeos eiapos coprj, 

yaia 8e Kvaverj ^\oept]v ecrTeyj/aTO TroLrjv 

Koi (f)VTa. 6rfKT]iTavTa veois CKopr^ae TreTTjXots. 

01 S* dnaXrjv Trivovres de^icpvTOV 8p6aou Hods 5 

XeifjLwves ■yeXococrii/, dvoiyo[j,evoio poBoio. 

■}(aipti Koi (Tvpiyyi vopevs iv opeaai Xiyiuvoiv 


Kat TToXtoTj fpL(f)ois tniTtpTTfTai alnoKos aiycov. 

^8t) 8e TrXci)ov(riv eV (vpe'a Kvpara vavrai 

TTPOi^ dnTjpavTa) Ze<pCpov X'lpa KoXTraxravres. JO 

rfbr] 8' fi/a^ovcri (})fp(crTa(PvXa> Aiovvcra, 

tiv6ti ^orpvofVTOs (p(y^apevoi Tpixa kktctov. 

tpya 8e T{)(vf]fUTa ^orjyfvefcrat peXlaaaLi 

KoXa piXei Km aip!3Xu) ((prjpevai epyd^ovrai 

XfVKa TToKvTpr]TOio veoppvra KuXXea KTjpov, 15 

TTavrq S' opvidav yfverj Xiyv(f)a)Vov dei'Sei" 

dXKvovfS TTfpi Kvpa, )(€Xi86vfs dp(f)\ ptXaOpa, 

KVKVos eV oxGaifTiv irorapov, kol vtt aXaos drjbav. 

ft 8e (f)VTO)V \alpov(Ji Kopai, Ka\ yala riOrjXf, 

\Tvp'i(,fi 8e vopevs, Koi Tepnerai evKopa pfjXa, 20 

Koi vavrai TrXaovai, Aiuivva-os 8f ;(opfi5et, 

Ka\ ptXTzei TT(T(i]vu. Ka\ wbivovai peXio'aai, 

TTwy ov \pr] Ka\ uui86u ev napi koXov uilcrai ] 

[Meleager (?).] 

Time for voyaging. 
O ttXoos apalos' koi yap XaXayevo'a )(fXi8a>v 

^8t) p(pfiX(x)K(v, x^ x°/"'^'^ Z((})vpos' 
Xfipcovfs 8' dvdevai, crealyrjKtv 8e daXacraa 
Kvpaai Ka\ rprj^f't nvtvpari jUpaaaopevr]. 
dyKvpas dvtXoio, Kal (KXvaaio yvaia, 5 

pavTiXf, Kal ttXclXus irdaav f(f)€\s oduvrjv. 
ravff 6 npiipros iyiov eniTeXXopai, 6 XififPiras, 
a)v6pco(}i , ats ttXwois iraaav eV ipLTTopirjv. 




■ The Wine-Press. 

*H/xetf \uv Trareovres amipova Kapnov [qk^ov 

afip.i.ya ^aK^fvrrjv pv6jj.ov duenXtKopev. 
^8t} S' ("icrneTov oidpa Karippeev' oia Se Xe/xj3oi 

Kicrcrv^ia yXvKepuv vrD^eG" virep podiau, 
OKTiv apvaadpfvoi axf^iov ttotov rjvopiv ^8r], 5 

depfiSiv Nrj'idBav ov pdXa Sevopevoi, 
fj fie koKt] TTOTi Xrjvov inrepKvnTOvcra 'PoddvOrj 

pappapvyfjs koKXovs papa KarriyXaicrfv. 
miPTiov 5' fK8eb6vT]VTo 6oa\ (ppe'ves, ovte ris rjpecov 

rjep, oi ov BdK)((i) Sdpvaro Ka\ TlaC^uj, 10 

TXrjpoves' dXX' 6 piv dpne TrapaJ noalv cicpdovos rjplv' 

TTJs 8' ap in fXTTOtp^ povvov iirai^opeda, 



* Herself, the fairest flower.'' 

"Y^hx] \iVKoiov ^a'XXet, ^aXXei 5e (piXop^pos 
vdpKKTcros, BaXXd 8' ovpf(ji(f)OLTa Kpiva. 

fjbrj S' 17 (piXepatTTOS, ev avOeaiv u>pipov liv6os, 
ZT]vo(piXa Ueidovs fjdv redrjXe p68oi>. 

X(ipu)V€s, tL pdraia Kopaii em (paibpa yeXdre " 
d yap nals Kpeaaav abvTrvoav (TTe(f)dv(ov, 




Hue and cry for Eros. 

Krjpvcraco rov Epara, t6i> liypiov' I'lpTi yap lipri 

dp6pm)s €K Koiras cop^fr' ciTronTupfvos' 
ecTTi 8 6 TTois yXvKv8aKpvs, deiXaXos, u>kvs, ddaiJ,^fjs, 

(Tipa ye\a>u, TTTf poets vara, (f)apeTpo({)6pos. 
naTpos S' ovKtT i)(U) (ppd^eiv tlvos' ovt€ yap Aldrjp, 5 

oil XdoiV (^rjcri reKiiv rov Gpaavv, oi TIeXayos. 
TrdvTi] yap Ka\ ivdcriv dnexl^erai. dXX' iaopdre 

fif] TTOV vvv ■^v)(cus a'AXa ridrjcn \ii/a. 
KaiToi Keivos, tSoii, Trepl (fxJiXfou. ov pe XfXrjdas, 

To^ora, ZT]vo<()iXas oppaai Kpvirropfvos. 10 




Oi/Vco crot KaXvKU)V yvpvbv Otpos, ov8e peXa'ivei 
^orpvs 6 napQiviovs TrpoiTo^oXav xdpiTas' 

dXX ^'?)r] 60a To|a veoL Brjyovcriv Epares, 
AvaiBiKTj, Ka\ TTvp Tvcfyerai eyKpv(f)iov. 

rf)fiiya>peu hvatpoirts, ecos ^eXos ovk eVt vevprj' 

pdvTis tyoi peydXrjs avTiKU nvpKa'irjS. 



' Gather ye rosebuds while ye t?iay.' 
Ylipnco (Toij 'PoSo/cXeia, rode o"Te'^os, livdeai koXoIs 
avTos ii(pi' T]p€Tepais nXf^dpevos TraXdpais. 


eoTTt Kpivov, pober) re koXv^, vortprj t uveyiwvT}, 

Koi vdpKicrcros vypos, Koi Kvavavyfs 'iov. 

TavTa oTC^ap^vrj, Xrj^ov pcyaXavxoi tovcra' c; 

avdels Koi Xijyeis koi uii koi 6 (TTe(pavos. 



A garland for Heliodora. 

nXe^cij XfVKoi'oi', ■nkk^ui 8' dna\r]v upa pvpTois 
vapKiaaov, TrXe^w kol ra yeXcovra Kpiva, 

TrXe^^co Koi KpoKov rjdvv' inniKe^co S' vaKivdov 
TTopCpvperjv, TrXf^co koi (piXepaaru pu8a, 

U)S av eVi KpoTd(j^oi<; pvpo^ocrTpv^ov 'H\io8a>pns :; 

(VTTkoKapov xaiTtiv dvoo^oXfj crTi(^avos. 


' Leave a kiss within the cup? 

Et/xi pkv oxj (f)iX6oivos' orav b' f6€\j]s pe pedvaa-ai., 
Trpara aii yevopeptj Trpda(f)€pe, kol dexopai. 

et yap eTTf^avaeis rois )(^eiXeaii>, ovkcti vrjcjiciv 
evpapes, oiibe (^vyeiv top yXvKvv olvo)(6ov' 

TTopdpevei yap tpoiye KvXi^ irapd aov to (plXrjpa, ^ 

Kai pot, dirayyiXXei. rfjv ^(dpiv, rjv eXajBev. 



' Sweet Hesper-Phosphor, dozibk light.'' 

HoCy ayyfXf, x^^P^t ^aea(f)6p€, Ka\ raxvs eXdois 
Eanepos, rjv dudyeis XdOpios av6is I'iycov. 





''E-y;^ei, kcli ttoKiv elne, TraXiv, naXiv, 'HXiobwpas, 

eiTTf, <jiv aKprjTU) to yXvKv fJ-icry bvofia. 
Kai fjiot. Tuu ^pf)(6evTa pvpois Koi )(6i^6u eovra, 

fivafioavvov Kfivas, aficPiriOei (rTi(f}avov. 



Might I be as the wind, or a rose. 

Et^ avefios ytvoprjv^ crii te -ye (rTelxovaa Trap' avyas 
arrjdfa yvfivwaais, Kai pe nveovra Xci^oty. 

fiBe p68ov ytvoprfv iTroTT6p(f)vpov, o(f)pa pe x^pa\v 
apapevq x^P'-^TI <^'i'r]6f<n ;(toi'«ojs. 


Love's astro7iomy, 

Wartpas elaadpfls, aarrjp epos' fWe ytvnlprjv 
ovpavos, uis TioXKois oppaaiv tls ae (SAeTTo). 




The mortiing and evening star. 

'A(TT)7P 'Kp\v pev eXapTTfs iv\ ^ayolaiv Ewoy, 
vvv Se Oavcbv \apnf ts "Eanepoi iv (f)6ip(vois. 




Heliodora is dead. 

AaKpva croi Koi vepde 8ia \6ov6s, 'HXioSapa, 

dcopovfiai, aropyas Xet\|/'ai'oi/ els 'A.i8av, 
Sdicpva dvaSiiKpvra' noXvKXavru) S' eVi rvp-lSo) 

(TTTivho) pvapa ttoOwv, pvupa (f)i\ocf)po(Tvuas. 
oiKTpa yap, oiKTpa (piXav ae koi iv (^dip.evois MeXeaypos 5 

ala^co, Keveav els 'A)(epovTa ^(apiv. 
at at, TTOv TO TTodeivov ep.o\ ddXos ', apnacrev "AtSay, 

apnacrev' aKpaiov S avdos t(f)vpe k6vi.s. 
aXXd ere yovvovpai, ya iravrpofpe, rav navobvpTov 

rjpepa croTs KoXnois, parep, evayKaXiaai. 10 



TAe tomb of Baucis. 

SraXai, /cat Setp^i'ey epdi, Kai nevdipe Kpcocrcre, 
ooTis e^eis 'Ai8a rav oK'iynv (nroBiav, 

* ) > 

Tois epov ep)(Ofievoicri Trap rjpiov enrare ^(aipeiv, 

aiT aoTOi TfXe'duvT , a'lB' erepas noXios, 
XoiTi pe vvp(pav evaav e-)^ei racfios, ftiTaTe Ka\ to' 

;\^£ori narrjp p exaXfi Bavnida, X'^''"' y^fos 
Trjvia, u>s ddcivTi, Ka\ otti poi d avveTaip]s * 

Hpivv" ev Tvp^a ypdpp.' i^dpa^e ToSe. 

[Erinna (?).] 



Crethis of Samos. 

Kpr}6i8a TTjv TToXvfivdov, eTncrrafievrjv Koka nai^etv, 

Bi^rjvrai ^ajjilcov 7roXXd(ct dvyarepes, 

Tj8i(rTav crvvepiBov del XdAoi/' fj S' uno^pl^ei 

(p6d8e Tov Trdaais vnvov 6(f)eik6nevov. 



Proie in Elysium. 
OvK edavfs, IlpcoTT], /xerf/S^s S' is dptivova ^wpov. 
Koi valeis paKapav vrjaovs daXir] eVt 7roXX_^, 
(v6a KUT 'HXvcrt'wf TTebiwv aKiprcoaa yeyqdas 
avBeciv iv paKaKoicri. KaKcou fKrocrQev aTravTcoV 
ov ^eipwv XvTrel a', oii kcivij. , ov vovaos i}/o)(Xe7, 
ov TTfivfjS, ov 8l\J/os f'xfi <T' dXX oiSe noBuvos 
dv6po)TTci>v en aoi ^Iotos' fcoeif yap dpepnTas 
aiyais iv KaOapaiaiv 'OXvpirov 7r\r](Ttop ovtos. 

TAe dead bride. 
Ov ydpov, dXX' 'AlBqv iTTivvp<pidtov KXeaplcTTu 

be^aro, napdfVias dppara Xvopifa. 
apTi yap ianepioi vvpfpas en\ 8tK\taiv u^fvv 

XdToi, Kal BoKdpoiV inXarayevvTO BvpaC 
T)a)Oi 8* oKoKvypou uveKpayou, e'/c 8' 'Ypivaios 

cnya6f\s yoepov (pOeypa pedappoaaTO. 
al 8" airal Ka\ (f)€yyos i8a8ouxovv irapd nacrTcj 

TTCvKac, Kal (f)6ipfva vipOtv e<f)aivov 686v. 



Prcxo of Samos. 
Ttf, Tivof eiJcra, yxjvai, Uapirjv vtto Kiova Kf'iaai ; 

IIpT]^(o KaXkiTi\(vs. Koi TToSmrrj ; ^a/ilt). 
Tis 8e ae /cat KTepei^e ; QtoKpiTos, <a p.e yovrjes 

e^(8oaav. OvrjaKfis d' en t'ivos ; en. roKtrov. 
fvcra TTocrcov ireoiv', 8vo Kfinocriv. tj pa y uTeKPOs ; 5 

ovK, dWa Tpierrj Ka\XiTe\r]v eXinov. 
fcoot (Tol KelvQS ye, Ka\ is ^a6v yrjpas Ikoito. 

Kai <To\, ^elve, nopoi iravTa Tv)(r} ra koXu. 


Sopolis shipiurecked. 
O^eXe \ir\^ iyivovro 6oai vees' ov yap av Jjpeis 

•Koiba AioKXei8ov 2co7ro\if ecrrevopev. 
vvv h 6 pev elf aki ttov (fieperai vinvs' uvtl 5' eKeivov 

ovvopa Koi Keveov aijpa Trapepx^opeda. 



Sailor and husbandman. 
Navrjyov rdcpos ft/xi' 6 8' dvriov eVrl yeapyov' 
ws oAi Kai yaij] Qvvos vnear Aiorjs. 



T/i£ shipwrecked sailor. 
TlXcoTrjpfs (Tm^ourOe Kn\ flv aX\ Kai Kara ycCwv' 
lore Se vavrjyov aijpa Trapfpxopevoi. 

I i 




The silence of the grave, 

Ovvofid fioi — Ti ere tovto ' irarpls 8e fioi — eg tl 8e tovto j 
KXeivov 5' eljA yevoxis. el yap dc})avpoTdTov ; 

^rjcras eVSo^o)? eXuirov (i'lov, el yap dBo^cos ', 
Kelfiai 6* ev6d8e pvv . . . Tis rlvi ravra Xeyeis ', 

[Paulus Silentiarius.] 


' After ine, the deluge.' 

'E/xoC BavuvTOi, yu'ia pn,)(6i]TU) irvpi 
ov8ev peXei fioi' rdpa yap /caXw? e)(ei. 


Live while you live. 

Tocrtr' eyw, oaa e(j)ayov re koi tTiiov, Ka\ per ipioTuv 
TepTTV ibdrjv' to. de TToXXa Ka\ okfiia nuvTa XeXenrrai. 


Beyond the reach of Hope and Chance. 

'EXttu Kai av Tv^i], /xe'ya ^aipere' tuv Xipev evpov. 
olhiv ejioi )^' Trtu'fcre tovs per epe. 





AaKpva fji.€V 'Ekci^tj t€ koI 'IXiddeacn yvvai^\v 

Molpat irreKXaxTav 8t) nore yeivofxevais' 
crol de, At'wj', pe'^avri koKCov iniviKiov epycov 

daipoves evpeias eXTTiSay i^ex^av' 
Kelaat 8' eipv^opa iv Trarpibi rlptos dorotj, 5 

d) eKpTjvas dvfiov epcoTi Alcov. 


"Apfievos rjv ^eiuoiaiv avrjp oSe Koi (j)t\os u(tto7s, 

nivdapos, ficpuvuv Ilifpidiov irponoXos. 


Heraclitus of Halicarnassus. 

Elrre tis, 'HpciKXetre, reov fjiopov, es de pe 8uKpv 

rjyayev, (pvrjadrjv S' oaaraKLs ap^orepoi 
rfkiov iu XeaxD Karetvcrapfv' dWa av pev irov, 

^elv 'AXLKapvr](T{v, rerpaTraXai <nro8ir]' 
al 8e real (u)ov(nv dTjSoi/er, jja-iv 6 rravrcov 

dpTraKTTjp Ai8t]s ovk enl X^'P" /SaXeT. 

I i 2 


The tomb of Sophodes. 

^Hpefi VTrep tv/jlI^oio ^o(f)OK\eos, rjpefxa, Kicrae, 
epnv^ois x^otpo^s fKTvpoxeu>v tiKoKapovs, 

Kai ireToXov iravTrj BaKkoi, podov, rj re (^ikoppo)^ 
aprreXos, vypa Trepi^ K\i]para x^evopevrj^ 

UveKfv iviirl-qi TnvvT6(f)pouos, rjv 6 pe\ixpos 
TJdKTjaev MovaSiv uppiya Koi "KapiTap. 



T/ie ioiiili of Anacreon. 

n<i/f, ra^oj/ -Kapa \nov ^AvuKpeioPTOS ape'i^av, 

el TL TOi eK j3ij3\<)}V rfk6ev epcou o(pe\os, 
(TTTe'lcrov epfj cnrobifj, (nrelaov yavos, Bcjipa Kev otvca 

ocrrea yrjdi'ja-r] rdpa voTi^opeva, 
toy 6 AicoviKTOv pepeXrjpevos oivacri Kcopois, 

o)? 6 (fyiXaKprjTOV avvTpo(j)os appoviJ]i, 
prjbe Karacpdipevos Bui^xo^ ^'X" tovtov vttoktco 

Tou yevefj pepoTTUiv p^ajpov o(peiX6pevov, 

[Antipater of Sidon.] 


ShepJierJs, hoiiom- Clitagoras ! 

Tlotpe'vfs, ot TavTT]v opeos /J«X"' olonoXelre, 

aiyas Keveipovs epjiaTeopres oiV, 
KXetTayupu^ irpus F^s, o\iyr]v X^P'^j uWa npoatjvjj 

Tivaire^ xdovirjs elvena i'epcrecfioptjs, 

EPI^GRA,MS, 485 

Trerprjs crvpi^oi nprjea ^oaKopevais. 
eiapi 8e Trpwrco Xtipwviou civdos apepaas 

\(tipiTr]s (TTe(f)eT<a rvp^ov (p,6u aTf<pdvu>, 
Kai Tis djr evdpvoio KaTa)(pa'ivoi,TO ydXaKTt. 

otos, dpoXyaloi/ pacrrov dva(Txdpevos, 10 

Kprjn'iS' vypaivav (ntTvp^iov' elirl davovrav, 

flcnv apoiftalai Kav (f)dip.fvois )(dptTes. 



Amy7ttichtts, the husbandman. 

Tata (f)i\T] Tov TrpfajSw 'Apvvnxov ev0eo koXttols 

noXKcov pinjcrapevri tS)v (ttI aoi Kapdrcov. 
Kai yap aei npeppov crot npearrjpi^ev eXat'j^s, 

TToXXuKi Kai Upopiov KXrjpaaiu 7;-yXdi"(re, 
Kai Arjovs eTiKrjae, Ka\ vdaros avXaKas €\k(ou 5 

diJKe /lev fv\d)(avov, drJKe S' oTrapocpopov. 
dv6 hv (XV TzpTjeia Kara Kpordcpov noXioio 

Kelao Kai dapivas dvdoKopei jBoTavas, 




'Q,s rrpenei, Aprepis eltx' el 6' "Aprepiv aiiTos 6 ;^aX(cei'? 

pavvei. Zrjvos, kqv)( irepov dvyarpa, 

TCKpaipov TO Bpdcros rds napdevov. rj pd Kev e'lnots' 

ndaa ^Baiv oXlyou rade Kvvayeaiov, 




Eros asleep. 

AXcro? S' wy iKi)\ie.(T6a ^advaKiov, evpoiiev evbov 
7rop(f)vpfois fxr]\oi(nv ioiKora iraiba Kvdrjprjs. 
ouS' e'xev Io86kov cfjapeTprjv, ov KafXTrvXa To^a' 
aWa TCI fiev bivbpi(T(TLv in evTreTuKoKTi Kpep.avro' 
avTOS S' ev xaXu/cecrcri poSav ireTtfh'qpivos inrva 
fv8fu p.ei8i6a>v' ^ovdai S' f(pvnepde /xeXKXcrat 
KrjpoxvTols evTos Xapotf eVi ;(et'Xecri ^aivov. 


A mother wins her child from the precipice. 

IlaiSos d<^' {/■^r]\cov K€pdp.cov inrep aupa fxiroiiTa 

KVTTTOVTOS (Moi'po VTjncdxois a(f)oj3ov) 
p.r]Tr^p i^uTTiOfV p-a^Ci pereTpeip^e vorjpa. 

b\s Se TtKvu> ^ci)r]v eyKCf^dpicTTO yaka. 



Eatm and pipe. 

AvTOpArus, aarvpicrKe, 86i>a^ reo? rj^ov IdWei ' 

77 Ti irapaKkivas ovas ayeis KoXdpa} \ 
OS 8e yeXcoj' aiyrjcrep' icrtof S av (f)dey^aTO p,vdov, 

dXX' VTTU TfpTTCokris fi;^fro Xjy^eSoft. 
ov yap Ktjpos epvKev, tKuiv S' rjand^tTO (nyrjv, 

6vpov oXov rpty^as nrjKTidos uaxoXij]. 



N'iobe and her children. 
TaiTfiXi Trm, Nin^n, kXv ejuaf (jjariv, ayyeXov araj" 

fie'^ai crS)!' d^^eav olKvpoTurav XaXiav. 
\v€ KOfias avdbecTfiov, iw, ^apvTTfvdecri ^ol^ov 

yeivafieva robots dpcrfvonaida yovov.. 
ov (TOi TToibes eV (trrlv urap rl roS' aKko ', Ti \ev(T(T(0 ] 5 

at, ai, TrXrifjiiivpei TrapdeviKoiai (f)6vos. 
a fiev yap fxarpos nepl yovvacnv, a S' ivi koKttois 

KSKXiTai, a S' ini yaj, d S eTripaa-Tidios' 
aWa S" avTanov Bap^el jSAos' a 6' eV oicrToi^ 

TTToxrcrft' TO J fi epTtvovv opp, en (pSts opua. 10 

& be \aKov aTep^aaa TraXat (TTopa, vvv vnb 6dpl3evs 

pdrrjp (TapKOjrayrjs oia ireTT'qye Xldos. 


The hunter'' s tomb. 
"Abe Toi, 'Apxiov vie IlfpLKkees, a XiOiva 'yco 

earoKa crrdXa, pvdpa Kvvayeaias' 
irdvTa be toi nepl adpa TeTev)(aTai, nvirot, "iKOvres, 

at Kvvfs, ai (rrdXiKes, biKTV virep iTTaXiKcov, 
at, at, XniVa Trdura' ■neptTpoxdovcri be drjpes' 5 

avTos S' elKoaeras vfjyperov vttvov e^eis. 

TJpea^vv ' AvaKpeiovra xvbav (TecraXaypevov oIi'G) 
6deo, bivarov areTTTOV vnepde Xidov, 


u>s 6 ytpuiv \'i)^yoi(nv in ojifiacnv iypa SeSop/co)? 

a;^pt Koi ciaTpayaXcov eXfcerat d/x7re;(oi/ai/* 
8i(r(rS)v S' dpl3v\i8oiV tciv pev p'lav, oia pedvTrXf]^, 5 

c!>\f(Tev' fv b erepa piKvbv apape 7rd(5a. 
piXntL 8' T]€ 'Bd6vX\ov fcjiipepov, ^e Mf-yto-rea, 

altispSav iTa\upa rav bvaepcoTa ^(e'Xvi'. 
oXXn irdrfp Aidrvtrf, (fyvXaaae piv' ov yap f'oiKev 

(K BcjK^^ou ninreiv BaKx^iaKov Btpaiva. 10 



^w engraved gem. 

EiKoi^a nevre SoQiv piKpa \i6os ft'x^" ''«0'7i''f, 

cos ^Sr; TTcirras epnvoa ^oaKopevas' 
K(t\ T('i)(n Kuu dnfcf)(vye ra jHoidia' vvv Se Kparetrai 

tJj ^(pvcrfi pdvhpr] to l^pa^v ^ovKoXiov. 



Pan piping. 

Siyarci) Xurrtoi' ApvaSwi' XeTTo? ot r otto ireTpas 
Kpovvol Koi jSXrj^r] novXvpLyrjs tokciOcov, 

avTos eVet avpiyyi ptXiaBerai evK(Xu!^u> Ilav, 
vypov U\s ^evKToiv f^f'iXns vntp KaXupav' 

al 8f TTfpi^ daXepdlai xopuv tto(j\v fcrrrjaravTo 5 

'YbpuiSa vvp(pai, vvpcpai Apa^pvddes. 




Life is a play, a game. 

'2KrjVT) T7as 6 ^los koi Traiyviov. rj fidde naL^fiu 

TT]U (T7rov8f]v juera^ety, i} (jiepe ras odvvas. 



Naked I came, and naked I shall go. 

Vrji {TTf^rjv yvfivbi, yvfiims 6^ inro yaiav aneifxi' 
Kai tL fidTT]v fjLoxdii}, yvixvov opcov to Ti\0S ', 

Zife is breath. 

Hepa XeTTTokfov fxvKTrjpodev dp.TrvelovT€S 

^u>op.(v i]€\inv XafindSa hepKOfievoi, 
7rdvT€s oaoi C^p-ev Kara rov fiiov' opyava S' ecrpev, 

avpais ^caoyovois nvevpara 8e)(vvpevoL. 
el 8e t;i.s ovv oXiyrjV iraKapTj (T(piy^fuv dvTp.i)v, 5 

yf/v)(f]v avXTjcras (Is Ai8t]v Kardyei. 
ovTCos ov8eu eovres dyrjvopij] rptcpopeada, 

TTVOirjs i^ oK'iyrjs rjepa ^oaKopevoi. 


Life and nature. 
ITcoj Ti? "iviv Qavdrov (re (j)vyoi, ^U ; fxvp'ia ydp crev 
Xvypa, KOI ovT€ (pvyuv evjiapes, oi/Ve (jyeoeiv. 


fjBea filv yap crov ra (pvcrfi Ka\u, yaia, Qakaaaa, 

acrrpa, af\r]vaiqs kvkXu koL jyeXtoV 
TaXXa 6e irdvTa ^o/3oi re Kai a\yea' k^v ti iraOj] n? 

eadXov, up.oi(Sair]v 6'KSe;^;erai vfiieaiv. 


Wotnan^s life. 

'Hi'^e'oi? ovK ea-Tt rocros novos, onirocros rjfjuv 

Tois drakoyl/iixoii ^XP^^ OrjKvTepms. 
Tois p.iv yap Trapeaaiv 6iJ.T]\iKes, ois ra p.fp'ijivr]s 

(iXyea fivdevvrai (^deyp-aTi BapaakecOj 
TTalyvia t afK^ieTTovcri naprjyopa, Ka\ kot ayvias 

TrXd^ojTai ypaipiSoov )(pQiiia(Ti pepftopivoi' 
Tjfuv S' ov8e cjyclos \iV(Taeiv Bipn, aXka peXdOpois 

Kpv7TT6p.e6a, ^ocj^epals (j)povTia-i Tr]K6p.evai.. 



A game at dice. 

'E^d/ifws p.fv jrjhe nap' fiXuiyyi rpairi^r} 

iraiyvia KLvr^aas Ttpirva ^oXoKTvntrjs. 
fiTjTe be viKTja-as p-fyaXiCfo, pijT uTToXei^^ely 

li^vvao, TTjv uXiyrjv pi(iJ.(})6fievos ^oXtSa. 
/cm yap eVi (r/itJcpoTo-i voos 8ia(f}aivfTai av8p6s' 

Ka\ Kv(ioi dyyeXXet ^evdos ix'^^povvvr^s. 



The path of life. 
TLoirjV Tis ^LoTOLO rafxot, rpi^ov ; elv ayopfj fieu 

veUea Koi ;^aXc7rat nprj^ies' iv 8e 86p.ois 
(f)povTi8es' fv 8' dypols Kafxtircov dXis' iv 8e Bakdcrcrr] 

rdplBos' eVi ^fivrjs B' , ^v fiev exu^ '"') ^^o^" 
^1/ d' diTopjis, dviTjpop. f^etj ydpov • ova dp,€pi.pvos 5 

eaa-eai' ov yap.iui J Cfl^ ^'"' ep^lP-dTepos. 
TSKva, TTOVOC TTTipcoais oTrais |3toy. al veorqres 

a(ppov€s' ai TroXiai S' (fXTraXLV ddpavees. 
rjv apa Toij/Se dvoiv evus aLpeaii, r] to yevecrOac 

fir]benoT, fj to Baveiv avTiKa TiKTopevou. 10 

[Poseidippus (?).] 


The stars. 

OtS' on OuaTos eyw koi i(f)dp.fpos' aXX oTav uarpav 

fxaaTeva) nvKivds dp(})i8p6povs eXiKas, 
ovK€T eniyjrava) ttoo-j yalrjs, dX\d nap avTa 

Zav\ 6eoTpo(f)ii]s dp^poaiTjs. 



Drink and be jnerry. 
nli/e Kcd. fvcfipaivov' ti yap avpiov, r; ri to peWov j 

oi8(\s yiyvuxTKd. p,fj Tpe^f, p^f) kottiq. 
cos dvvacrai, ^dp^rai, perddos, (j^dye, dvrjTu Xoyi^ov. 

to ^rjv Tov prj ^iju ovSev oXtos anexft. 
Tras 6 /3tos rotoo-fie, porrr] povov' av npoXd^rjs, cov' 5 

av be oavrjs, eTfpov iravTa, av o ovoev ex^'-^- 



The music of the s/ajs. 

Kco fidCto XP^'^^^^" *'^ ioTTfpLav )(opbv aa-rpaiv 
Xevaaaiv, ov8' ('iXXcov Xo£ i^dpvva xopovs' 

CTTfy\rat S' dv66jiokov Kparhs Tpixa rrjv KfXaSeivrjv 
TTT]Krl8a povcroTToKois x^pcnv (nr]pe6i(Ta. 

Kai Ta8e 8pu)V (VKO(rp.ov ex<^ ^iov' ovbe yap avTus 
Kocrfxos (ivevOe \vpr]s eVXero Kai uTecpdvov. 

[Marcus Argentarius.] 


/ have lived my life. 

^Hpdadrjv' Tis S' ovxi ', K€Ku>paKa' ris 8' dpvrjroi 
Kcopav ; aXX' ipdvrjv. eK rlvos ; ovxi 6eov ; 

eppi(})3<i>' TToXiij yap ineiyfTai dvri fj.i\aivr]s 
6p\^ fjBrj, (TvvfTTjs (iyyeXos ijXiKirjs. 

Ka\ Ttai^eiv ore Kaipos, iTval^afieV fjviKa /cat vvv 
ovKiTiy 'KaiTfprjs (ppovrldos d^up,e6a. 





Page 7. [Iliad III. 130-244.] 

The scene as the poet conceived it seems to be this : — The 
ships of the Greeks lie drawn up in a long row on the sea 
shore. Troy stands three or four mOes inland on a low terrace 
of Ida, defended by walls and towers at intervals, and with a 
small isolated hill-citadel or Pergamus, rising immediately 
behind, and mount Ida in the rear of all. From the ships up 
to the town an open plain rises gradually, broken by a few 
sepulchral mounds, by the fountains from which Scamander 
flows off to the right to be joined by Simois, and by a beech- 
tree and a small hillock in front of the Scaean gate, which is in 
the middle of the wall directly facing the ships. From this 
gate the Trojans have issued and are ranged near the hillock, 
separated from the Greeks by the narrow space cleared for the 
combat between Paris and Menelaus. Priam and his coun- 
cillors and the two elders of the people are seated on the gate, 
from whence they look over the armies towards the coast and 
the line of ships below. 


Page 22. [Iliad IX. 496-514.] 

The meaning is as follows. — The spirit of infatuation, or Ate 
(in this case the personified folly of Agamemnon), has done a 
wrong. In order to repair this wrong the repentant prayers of 


the injurer (Agamemnon) fullow after her : — they are repre- 
sented as halting, wrinkled, blinking, while she is strong and 
vigorous, bounding forwards in the work of evil. If the prayers 
prevail and the injured person relents and forgives, they re- 
compense his mercifulness by granting his own prayer in his 
own time of need ; but if he is obdurate and refuses to grant 
the mercy which they ask, then they move Zeus to send on 
him the spirit of infatuation and mischief in order to draw him 
into the evil which is to be the punishment of his unmerciful- 


Page 24. [Iliad XII. 278-289.] 

Lines 1-12. lit., But from them — thick as may fall snow-flakes 
in a wintry day when all-wise Zeus is arisen to snow, shewing 
forth to men his shafts, and hushing the winds, showers cease- 
lessly until he covers the tall mountain-peaks and high fore- 
lands, (then) the blooming plains and fat tillage of men (below), 
and last they overspread bay-line and beach of the hoary sea — 
the flow of its tide their bound — and all else envelope fold on 
old as Zeus' storm falls heavily — so thick from each side at the 
other flew the stones, from Greek at Trojan, from Trojan at 
Greek, as they hurled, and loud over all that rampart rose the 


Page 119. [Hesiod, fFor>&s fl«rf ZJajys, 765-828.] 

Give orders to slaves with a due regard to days as fixed bj' 
Zeus ; the 30th day is the best for reviewing work done, and 
making provision (dividing stores). 

The true order of days is as follows : The first (?), 4th and 
7th are sacred: the 8th and 9th in the waxing month are 
excellent for work; the nth and 12th are good for shearing 


and har\'est, but the 12th is better than the irth; then the 
spider begins her web in the long summer days (?), and the 
ant collects her store. That is the day for a woman to set 
a loom, and plan a piece of work. The 15th in the waxing 
month is not good for sowing, though it is good for planting. 

The middle sixth (i.e. the sixth in the second decade = the 
i6th) is bad for planting but good for male offspring— it is 
bad for girls both in birth and marriage (even the first sixth 
is not good for girls though good for some herdman's workj. 
The i6th is also good for marriage, a man born on that 
day will be clever with his tongue. The 8th and 12th are 
good for some herdman's work ; the 20th in the long days is 
the day for a genius to be born on : the loth is also good for 
male children ; the middle 4th (the 14th) for girls. This day is 
good also for taming cattle. Let it not be a day of evileboding ; 
for it brings all to pass. The 4th is a day for marriage, if the 
omens are favourable ; the 5ths are bad : the middle 7th (17th'), 
is a good day for threshing and woodcutting. The 4th is good 
for laying a keel; the middle 9th (19th) improves towards 
evening. The first 9th is good in every way, for planting and 
for births male and female : nothing goes wrong on that day. 
Few know that the 'thrice ninth' i27th or 29th) is good for 
broaching a cask, putting the yoke on oxen, mules and horses: 
and for launching a ship. On the 4th open a wine jar. The 
middle 4th (14th) is sacred above all. Few know that the 24th 
day is excellent in the morning, but worse towards evening. 
These are the good days : the rest are insignificant. 

Two calendars seem to be combined : we begin with a 
division of the month into two halves : and go on with a 
division into three decades. See the Scholia printed in Gais- 
ford's Poetae Minorcs, Vol. III. p. 341 ff. 

Page 160. [Alcman i.] 
For the fragments of which these stanzas are the only 
legible part, see Bergk, Poetae Lyrici Graeci, ed. iv, Vol. III. 



p. 23 sqq. The papyrus upon which they are written was dis- 
covered by Marictte in 1855, in an Egyptian tomb not far 
from the second Pyramid. There is much that is uncertain 
and conjectural in the poem as here presented, but it is clearly 
a fragment of one of those Parthenia for which Alcman ■was 
famous. The themes of his praise are Agido and Hagesichora. 

The text is that given by Blass in Hermes, xiii. 15 ff., xiv. 
The general sense seems to be — 

First stanza : Praise of Agido, There is a vengeance that 
Cometh from the gods. Blest is he, who blithely weaves the 
day's thread, free from sorrow. I singofAgido's bright beauty, 
which is as the sunshine. But the far-famed leader of the 
dance (Agido) suffers me neither to praise or blame her. 
Preeminent among the rest is she, as a winning horse amid 
the humbler kine, a horse such as one sees in winged dreams. 

Second stanza : Praise of Hagesichora. See, it is a Venetian 
horse ; and like pure gold shines the hair of my cousin Hage- 
sichora : how can I tell all the loveliness of her fair face. That 
is Hagesichora ! After Agido she will ever follow next as the 
horse courses after the hound. When we bear the robe to 
Artemis the Pleiads rising aloft, a hunter's star, through the 
night divine, contend with us 'in beauty). 

Third stanza : Hagesichora is onr glory and protection ; we 
have no omarnents, no companions that can help save her. There 
is no wealth of purple that can aid us, nor any glittering golden 
serpent fi.c. bracelet"", nor the Lydian snood, the soft adornment 
of the brows of maidens. No nor can Nanno's hair help, nor 
Erata, nor Sylacis, nor Cleesithera ; nor will ye hasten to the 
dwelling of Acnesimbrota and say : O that Astaphis were 
mine, that Philylla would speak to me, or Damaepa, or lovely 
lanthemis. Hagesichora is our guardian. 

Fourth stanza : We shall win. Is not Hagesichora of the 
fair feet beside her (Agido \ While she remains with Agido, 
she commends the feast and me (?). Ye gods receive our 
prayers ; then is the end lightly gained : and I will speak as 


an old crone might speak. ' " Thy singing as a maiden was 
nought, the crying of an owl." Next to the grace of the 
goddess who has put an end to our trouble, it is the beauty of 
Hagesichora whereby the maidens gain praise.' 


Page 184. [Stesichorus iii.] 

This fragment is the commencement and only remains of one 
of the most celebrated lyrics of antiquity, the Palinodia, in which 
Stesichorus recanted an ode in which he had attributed to Helen 
all the sufferings of the Greeks in the war of Troy, and for 
which he had been visited with the wrath of Aphrodite. The 
idea of the Palinodia seems to have been that the real Helen 
never left Greece, and that it was a mere phantom which fled 
with Paris and caused the war. Col. Mure observes that the 
title of this poem is probably the origin of the expression ' to 

Page 221. [Pindar, Olymp. I. 28-35.] 

The legend ran that Tantalus boiled and served to his divine 
guests his son Pelops. Pindar prefers to account for Pelops' 
disappearance in another way, and in these lines justifies the 
innovation. The general sense is — Poetry has made current 
strange fictions of the gods and heroes ; it is for time to judge 
between the false and the true ; but in the meantime let us 
accept the worthier belief. Translate — Truly many things are 
wonderful ; and it may be that sometimes the bright web of 
legend figured in colours of falsehood beguiles mortals into 
reports wide of the truth ; and the Grace of whose giving is 
every charm of our life by her authority has oftentimes made 

' The last stanza is given mainly after Blass, but it seems very doubt- 
ful. E A. 

K k 




credible even what is incredible. But the clearest judgment is 
that of the afterdays, and meanwhile for a man it is fitting to 
think nobly of the gods, for so the blame is less. 

Page 261. [Aeschylus, Agam. 160-257.] 

In this first stasimon the chorus of elders ignorant as yet of 
the news of victory, but wondering at the flames which rise 
from the altars and at Clytemnestra's agitated approach, sings 
in a mixed strain of history and prophecy the sacrifice of 

Lines 1-7. Zeus ! whoever he is, if that name is pleasing to 
him, by that I call on him. Though I weigh every name I can 
think of no name in comparison save that of Zeus which will 
enable me truly to cast from my thoughts the undefined burden 
of sorrow. 

8-13. Neither Uranus nor Cronos but Zeus only can help. 

10. will have aught to say, being of the past. 

12. met his victor and is no more. 

13. The emphasis is on ZTJi/ain contrast with his predecessors 
—But Zeus if one hymns with good heart in song of victory, he 
shall attain all wisdom. 

Page 265. [Aeschylus, Agam. 404-474.] 
The apprehended Nemesis of Iphigenia's sacrifice was the 
subject of the first stasimon. This, the second, speaks in a 
still more uneasy and apprehensive tone of the great example 
of an accomplished Nemesis in the results to Troy of Helen's 
flight, and finds in the death of countless Greeks for the honour 
of the Atreidae a new and less obscure suggestion of evil 
av/aiting Agamemnon. 

Lines 9-10. The text is that of the best MS., ai-yaa" being 
Doric for (TiySxxa. Linwood, accepting a correction— n-cipeo-Ti a'ty 


irrifios, oA\' aXofSopoy, &iri(rTos a.(pifiivav lSe7p — translates — 'he 
(i. e. Menelaus) stands by in silence, dishonoured, yet not re- 
proaching, hardly believing that he sees that she is gone from 
him.' Klausen — irdpeffri (sc. Helen) ff7y' h arifxavs (sc. the 
Atreidae) and understands a(pffj.eyu>v as — ' omnium quae dimissae 
sunt.' Paley — Trdpeffri cry', drifios aW' a,\oiSopos, aXyicrr' 
cLKpeififuav iSwv — 'He is present (i.e. at tlie bed) in silence, 
dishonoured, yet without reproaching her, perceiving with 
deepest pain (?) that she is gone.' These and other correc- 
tions are adapted to the metre of the passage, which is not the 
case with the MS. reading in the text. But whatever the 
original may have been it probably did not differ much in 
meaning from that reading. If that is in substance correct 
there is evidently an antithesis not only between artfios and 
akoiSopos, but also between the two lines as wholes, one (v. 9) 
referring to the unreality of the vision in the matter of voice 
and presence, the other (v. 10) to its apparent reality to the 
sight. This is the more probable since the rest of the song of 
the Trpo(j>rJTai seems to go on to make a similar antithesis be- 
tween presence to the eye and actual unreality, in three other 
forms (w. 11-21). If this is so, the general meaning of the 
whole passage (9-21) is — We see her with joy, but it is a mere 
vision, without voice to speak or hearing to listen to us (9-12) : 
her husband sees her form in her statues, but they are an un- 
satisfying cheat (13-15) : in dreams again he sees her, but that 
also is an unsubstantial phantom of his sleep : — and the exact 
meaning of 9-10 may be that she is still present to them 
visually, but in such a manner that she cannot speak to them 
{ffiyaff') nor can they speak to her either that she may be 
honoured {drifios) or blamed {a\oldopos), but still very dear to 
the sight since they have lost her. In this MS. reading 
acpe/xevuv must be a genitive absolute, but cKpe/uLevov in Hesy- 
chius (in Paley) seems to point to acpefiei/ovs or a(pe/j.eyois — dear 
for those to see who have lost her. But if this is the true 
interpretation, and if aiyacr', irifios, aXoidopos and aStffTos, are 


all predicated of Helen, aSicrros at least must be a corrupt read- 
ing (perhaps for oZiaTov), as being a masculine form. 

Page 267. [Aeschylus, Agani. 1 178-1330.] 

The scene which presents the vision of Cassandra (1071-1330) 
divides itself into five parts, of which the last four are given in the 
text. In the first or preliminary part Cassandra has but begun to 
be moved by the trouble of Apollo's inspiration, and as yet sees 
only vague prophetic shapes without connection or consistency ; 
a wailing child, a lifted arm, a falling victim. In the other four, 
propnetic paroxj'sms successively increasing in strength and 
lighting up horrors ever more and more closely imminent are 
alternated with inter\'als of calm in which Cassandra mournfully 
expostulates with the elders of the chorus because through 
the still continuing curse of Phoebus they refuse to believe her 

Lines 1-20 of the extract (/cal \j.)]v xpvcf^i>s k.t.A.) are the first 
clear vision, that of Erinyes revelling in the palace ; and are 
follo\ved by a rest in which Cassandra vainly brings evidences 
of her truthfulness (21-36). Lines 37-64 {lob iov, — vir' av fie 
K.T.K.) are the second clear vision, of as it were children carrying 
their own entrails. Here the children are the children of 
Thyestes whose murder and mutilation by their uncle Atreus 
were the beginning of the whole chain of Ate {irptiiTapxov &Trii'). 
Again a pause follows (65 -79), and Cassandra renews her appeals 
more impatiently than before. Thirdly, in lines 79-117 (TraTraT, 
oTov rh irvp K.r.K.) there is borne upon Cassandra in perfect 
clearness the vision of her own death and the resumption of her 
prophetic office by Phoebus ; and in the following interval (118- 
129), her curse being gone with her inspiration, the elders begin 
to understand and tremble. Lastly, a final flash of prophecy 
shews her that the end is come ; she starts as if struck (130) ; 
and while the chorus moralises, Agamemnon's death-cry is 
heard (v. 1343 of the play). 


It is remarkable how much of the choric parts in this scene 
is made up of interrogations and exclamations. Cassandra and 
the elders feel themselves almost passively under the influence 
of ominous events. They are played on by the god without 
their will and almost without their understanding ; and they 
speak with double meanings, obscure even to themselves till the 
event is come. 

92-99. And lo ! where Apollo comes himself to strip from 
me my prophet's garb — Thou, whose livery I fling away, didst 
even while I wore it look on when I was scorned and set at 
nought (fj.a.TT}v) among my friends, by enemies in one consent (or 
reading jue'ya for fiera. — when I was mightily scorned by my 
friends who were but enemies). I was named with the 
wretches who starve from door to door, and he left me to bear 
it all. And now see me, the prophet, that prophet's handiwork ; 
—see whither he has brought me, even to this pass where I 
must die, where for espousals there await me the shambles, the 
blow, the hot blood, and the sacrificial death, fiatfiov irarpc^ov 
probably refers to the ceremony called irpoyaixita, a part of which 
was a sacrifice off"ered by the father of the intended bride at the 
altar of the family, irpoff^ayfxari, not a victim, but the act of 
slaughter, as in Eur. Troades 624. 

146-153. lit. — To the sun I pray, to this his last light, for 
my avengers, that they may repay both my hated murderers 
alike for the poor slave's death, their easy prey. Alas for man's 
state ! Growing prosperous, it is likened to an outline, whose 
figure when adversity comes the touch of a wet sponge wipes 
out ; and the last state is far more pitiable than the first. 

That such is the meaning of v. 153 seems to follow from the 
answer of the chorus — ' Yes : why are men so eager for 
greatness ? It were better not to rise than to risk such fall.' 
But it may mean— and this I pity more than mj' own case. 

Here Cassandra rushes into the palace to die. 



Page 277. [Aeschylus, Clioephori, 315-465.] 

Line 87. ^iroA/fes Cpotre" is corrupt. But understanding some 
such nominative as iKir\s the sense seems to be — One moment 
I despair and my heart is overclouded at the words I hear ; but 
when again * -x- * * * , then hope dispels the cloud of 
grief and lights up a fair prospect before me. 

90-94. tI — ^ is for tI &\\o ^ — And for such hope what claim 
could we have so strong to bring forward as the actual wrongs 
which we suffer? If she try to fawn on us, those wrongs will 
reject her fawning, for like as the fierce heart of a wolf so the 
heart which I inherit is not to be appeased.— At this point the 
mourners give over lamentation and prayer, and nerve their 
hearts to action by remembrance of Clytemnestra's cruelties. 

95-100. At his funeral I struck myself for mourning like a 
Persian or a Cissian mourner, and ceaselessly recklessly fell 
thick the blows of my hand, now on my head, now downwards, till 
my bruised and aching head was stunned with shocks. eTrippode? 
is the historical present for the past tense. That it is the Ko/xfihs 
at Agamemnon's funeral and not one now proceeding which is 
described seems to be proved by ^j/. The force of the passage 
is that the chorus is stimulating Orestes to vengeance by recalling 
the sorrows of that time, as Electra afterwards recalls its 


Page 279. [Aeschylus, Eum. 235-253.] 

Orestes had taken sanctuary at Delphi and there and in his 
wanderings over the earth had been purified from the mere stain 
of blood-guiltiness. But as the Ate of matricide was still 
unsatisfied, the Erinj'cs demanded him from Apollo. Whilst 
they slept he fled by the god's counsel to Athene's city, and 
taking refuge at her altar prays for complete purgation by trial. 


Page 281. [Aeschylus, Eum. 307-396.] 

Lines 20-25. These lines, which are the burden of the hymn, 
refer to the incantation called Ko-ra^idis or KaTaSecrfMos, which 
was properly applied to the binding of gods or demons so as to 
prevent, as c'n-ayccY^ to the summoning of them so as to 
accomplish, a particular event. Hence it is applied to any 
magical binding. In v. 20 the force of t^? Tedvfxevcp is general — 
the victim, such a victim as Orestes shall soon be. With e| 
'Epivvwv must be understood vfivuTai, and the emphasis being on 
TO) Tiduufvcji the meaning of the whole is— Over such victims is 
sung by us Erinyes this strain which maddens, distorts, njins and 
binds the mind, ill music, a blight on men. a<p6pfiiKTos — music 
of the av\hs alone without the (pSpfiiy^, there being an allusion 
not only to the different character of their music but to the 
connection of the <p6pfjiiy^ with Apollo, the Erinyes' enemy in 
the play. 

48-58. In this passage the sequence is interrupted after the 
third line by three lines (Zeus — d7r7j|ico(raTo) which are par- 
enthetical, and is resumed in v. 54 by the repetition of another 
nominative (aAo^eVa) (of the singular number instead of the 
plural (nriv^6fxivai of v. 34) with the resumptive particles yap oZv. 
The sense of the whole is — Very jealous as against the gods for 
our authority, we use it mercilessly as against our victims. In 
the construction of the sentence riva means — any one else but 
ourseh-es ; aTiXnav is governed by (jmv^6fji.evai as if o-TreuSouiroi ; 
ifia7(ri \iTa7s signifies — prayers made to us — and therefore — 
prayers which are our province ; dyKpiaiv is a legal term 
descriptive of a ' divinatio ' or preliminary inquiry as to the 
propriety of proceeding with an action ; ff<j)a\(pa Kw\a and 
Sv(T(j)opov arav are accusatives epexegetic of troths aKfiay after 
KaTa(f>ep<i) ; and (^(rirfvS6fj.evai) Oewv 5' areKetav e/naifft \iTa7s 
(TriKpaivetv is equivalent to (nrevdofuvai 5e t^ tovs Oeoiis fiTj ex*'** 


re\os iiriKpalveiv i/j.a7ai AiraTs ; e/j.a7(n \LTa7s being governed by 
TeAoj iiriKpalvety as understood from areXeiav iiriKpaivfii', and 
iiTiKpaiviiv being an explanation or limitation of reAos so under- 
stood, in the same way as dav^a is often explained or limited by 
iSfffdai or <p60os by o/coGcroi. Lastly, the literal construing is — 
But we, eager (cTTreuSJ^ej'at 5') for withdrawing from all others 
{a(p€\e7v Tivo) these our peculiar cares {rdaSe fiepi/JLi/as), and that 
the gods should not have any accomplishment to grant {dewy 5' 
OTcAeiav eTviKpalvfiv) to prayers which are my province (Jnouai 
Airats) and should not interfere to question my right of juris- 
diction (/U7j5' ex ayKpLcriv 4\6uy), inasmuch as Zeus on his side 
our blood-dripping hateful sisterhood from his converse repulses 
(Zeiis — airrj^tdoaaro) , I, I say, leaping from above (aAoyueVo yap 
ovv ayKadiv) very heavily bring down the weight of my feet {fid\a 
^apuTrearj Karacpfpoo TroShs aK/j-av), making the limbs of the long- 
Striding to stumble (o-^aAepa TavvSp6/j.ois /caiAa), bringing over- 
whelming ruin (Svfffopov irav). 

59-64. Then the glories of such men, very splendid though 
they be upon the earth, melt away underground and waste from 
their splendour at our approach dark-robed, at the blighting 
dancings of our feet. One is stricken and knows it not, by 
reason of a plague of phrenzy, so darkly over him hovers the 
pollution of his crime — a black mist upon his housetop, told of 
in rumours of calamity. 

65. ixfvei yap — Such is our abiding law ; — viz. that guilt should 
be punished in the manner above described, evfj.'fixayoi k.t.A. 
— We lack not for means, and what we will, we bring to pass 

69. di6fj.fvai Aax'7 k.t.\. — We are pursuing an office disgraced, 
unhonoured, at variance with the gods above, and whose sunless 
lamp makes the way steep and hard alike for them that see and 
them that are dim of sight. — In the last words the guilty are 
represented as travelling with dilHculty over a dark path, dimly 
lighted with the torches of the pursuing Furies. S(pKofj.(voicri and 
Svcrofj-jjidTois are not — the living and the dead. The meaning is, 


that the way is so dark for the guilty man, that it matters little 
whether he is keen-sighted or not. 


Page 289. [Sophocles, Aiitigotte, 806-928.] 

It is remarkable how in this the best example of that contrast 
between passion and philosophy, enthusiasm and criticism, on 
which Sophocles delights to dwell, even the metrical and syn- 
tactical forms are appropriate to the actors and the thoughts. 
Antigone's lamentation in w. 1-32 is contrasted by its pathetic 
rhythm and unconnected construction with the cheerful and 
regular anapaests of the elders' consolation ; her more vehement 
indignation in w. 33-36 by its broken and breathless language 
and agitated and rapid metrical form, with their grave and 
moralising iambics and clauses balanced with fxev and Se. 


Page 300. [Sophocles, Track. 94-140.] 

Lines 1-7. The chorus appeals to the sun, as the lord of sight 
who in his course looks down on eastern and on western lands, 
to say where Heracles is wandering. 

The sentence is a combination of two distinct appeals, one to 

the sun rising, another to the sun setting, alternated with word 

, . . . [aX6\o. vxii, eVo- 

common to and unitmg both mvocations. x>v \ ,. 

• ^/careuj'a^ei re 

DiCouiva. TiKT^iaXiov^ , „ „ -^ \ > » ■> / 7r69j| , 

r ^ r" I aiTco TovTO Kapv^ai tov AAK/xy]vas i , r fioi 

<j)\oyi(6/xevoi/ aAiov) [Trodij 

ivaiei. fi irovTias av\u>vas) _ 
iroTe irais i' ^ ., , , ^ 1 (^ \afj.irpa, k.t.A. 

[fl Siffcraiaip airfipois KKLdels) 

The repetition of questions and of similar words at once ex- 
hibits more clearly the intended parallelism of the invocations 
and expresses the anxiety which agitates the chorus. ivapi(^o- 


y-iva must be closely connected with aXoXa. — as if evapi(ofj.(fa rSiv 
al6\uiv iToiKi\fj.aT(i>v — the adorned Night despoils herself of that 
adornment, — the idea being that Night puts off her robe of stars 
to give birth to the sun. (pKoyiCofJ-evov refers to the fires of 
sunset as if funeral fires, and KarevmCei continues the metaphor 
of V. I, by which the sun is regarded as the babe of night. 
Kopv^ai has a double accusative, one of the tidings, and another 
of the subject of the tidings ; and both are explained by the 
following words irodi /jloi k.t.K. — namely where is Alcmena's son. 
KKidels — resting in the regions of sunset. Trovrias avXcovas is — 
the sea-straits of the Aegaean, and is governed by faiei. 
Si(r<Ta7inv aireipois (lit. the twin continents) is the meeting-point 
of Europe and Africa, where the sun was thought to set, and 
which was known to antiquity as the pillars of Heracles, the 
sun's mythological representative. Cp. Seneca, Here. Oet. 
1516-20 (in Lobeck), 

' O decus mundi, radiate Titan, 
die sub Aurora positis Sabaeis, 
die sub occasu positis Iberis, 
die ad aeternos properare Manes 

The construction if fully expressed would be, ^ SicrcraTfftv 
dneipots KAidels vaifi avras. 

Translate — Thee whom adorned Night despoils herself to 
bring forth, thee whom she takes to her again from the fires of 
thy setting to rest, O rising, O setting Sun, tell me this of 
Alcmena's child, where, O where in the earth he dwells (O 
brightly beaming splendour !), whether in the sea-straits by thy 
rising, or resting by the twin continents of thy setting : Say O 
most excellent of sight ! 

8-14. Here the chorus gives the reason of its passionate 
appeal, namely that Deianira pines too much for Heracles and 
will not be comforted. 


15-21. Tr. — For many as are the billows that when blows 
an unflagging South wind or North wind over a broad sea one 
may watch rolling interminably, so many waves of evils make 
up the life of the Cadmusborn, yea make it as full of troubles as 
the sea of Crete is full of waves. But still there is a god to 
guide him safe through all and turn him from the path of Hades. 

The chorus proceeds to console Deianira by pointing out 
that Heracles does but share the doom and may therefore share 
the hopes of all mankind. u>v is — in respect of what I have 
been saying. In aSeia (nom. sing.) yXv dvria (ace. pi.) Se, the 
order which we should expect, is reversed, as in 5e|ia /j.ev 5e — (though not perfectly good, yet on the whole 
good), Aesch. Ag. 145, and in Soph. O. C. 1536 6eol yap ev fiev 
6\ph S' elffopwa-' — (though late yet surely). The sense is — Thus, 
blaming you, though I blame you I will be comforting still. In 
the word ' thus ' the chorus refers to what it has just said of the 
toils of Heracles on the one hand and his divine protector on 
the other (w. 15-21), and says : — while I shall blame you for 
despairing, I shall yet give you comfort by the considerations 
which I shall draw from what I have been saying. In the 
following lines it proceeds .with these considerations : namely, 
(i) that all men must suffer; (2) but they must also by their 
fate have seasons of joy, so that if Heracles is now in gloom his 
turn of joy will soon come ; and (3) if Zeus alternates joy and 
pain for other men, he can do no less for his own son. 

33. Tr. — Thus there shall be comfort even in the blame I 
bring ; and I bid you not let your good hope wear out : for not 
even he who orders all things, the king the son of Cronos, can 
grant to son of woman not to weep. Still over us all in turn 
circles the alternation of joy and woe, as the Bear circles round 
the pole. As adorned Night abides not, so neither happiness nor 
evil always keep the sky, but quickly set no one while for 
another in his turn rises the day of joy or r.ight of loss. All 
this I bid even thee poor queen hold fast in hope ; for who hath 
found Zeus so uncareful for his sons ? 


Page 321. [Sophocles, Oedipus Colonms, 1211-1248.] 

That the subject of this passage is not the general ayOpanrlvrt 
a-ir\r]<TTla of the Scholiast but that specific aTrATjffTia which is 
the desire of length of life is indicated by ^wetv (v. 3), fxanpaX 
aufpai (6), is TeXevrav (13), fiv (pvvai (14), t^ 5' eVel (pavf} (15), 
rh v4ov "TTapfi (18), and firi\f\oyx^ irvfiaTov yrjpas (23-25), and 
confirmed by the age of Oedipus, the age of the chorus, and the 
age of Sophocles at the time when he wrote the play. 

The whole chorus divides itself into three parts. The strophe 
(1-13) enunciates the idea of the whole; the antistrophe (14- 
26) pursues the idea through the three stages of life, viz. foolish 
youth (18-19), manhood full of tumults and toils (20-23), and 
old age without joys ^ 23-26) ; and the epode (27-36) points to 
Oedipus as an example. 

Lines 1-2. (coeiv limits the application of both tov /xer plov and 
Tov nKfopos /jifpovs to moderation and excess in the particular 
subject of length of life, and is a kind of accusative — in regard 
to living. TOV irKiovos fj.epovs is — an excess over what is 
moderate — and is governed by xpvC^h ^^ rov fierpiov by Tropeis. 

5-6. The meaning of KaT^Qevro is doubtful : ttoAAo may be 
either the accusative after it {Kiiras being in the genitive^ or an 
adverbial accusative {\{nras being the ace. pl.) = in many things. 
If the latter is the true construction, the sense may be — For in 
many things the lengthening of life is but the laying up of pains 
to be met. 

7-13. The general sense is — Age leads to a joyless region of 
life. But the construing is very difficult. Taking the M.SS. 
reading (as in the text) it may be :— And no pleasures can be 
found 'ri Ttpirovra 5' ovtc t^v i^ois Sirov) there where men come 
when they have fatally attained "orav tis Trfo-p) too much of 
their desire of life {is ■n\(ov tov OiXovTos), and yet admit not 
satiety thereof {ovV (Wfo-Ti K6pos), even when they see open 


before them (Sre avairetprive) that destined common haven of 
Hades (jxolpa laoreMiTTOs "Ai'Sos) which knows neither marriage- 
song nor lyre nor dance (avvfievaios &\vpos dxopos), even death 
which ends the journey (Bdvaros is reXivrdv). 

On this interpretation Triirreiv es ti means the same in a bad 
sense as Tvyxdy^tv Tii/hs means in a good sense, but with a 
further notion of arrival at a place in addition to that of the 
attainment of a thing : TrKiov rov QtKovros is — too much (i. e. 
more than is good; of what they wish for : and the ouSe in v. 
10 must be closely connected with ore in v. 11 — not even at the 
moment when, avairetprivf is a metaphor from navigation or 
travel, and means the same as the Latin ' aperitur.' 

But if Hermann's conjecture — toG OeKovros' 6 8' eiriKovpos — be 
adopted, the words irXeov rov OeKovros may still be taken as 
above : and the rest will be — The helper is he who is the com- 
mon end of all (laoreAeffTos), namely, death who ends the 
journey (Qavaros ej reMvTav) so soon as the destined Hades 
(Zn fjiolp "h'i^os) comes in sight {ava-Ki(pr)vi), who knows neither 
marriage-song nor lyre nor dance {avvfjL. dx. ax-)- 

18. irapy — either from irapiTtfjii, as Schneidcwin supposes — 
when youth has passed (lit. let man go), which gives the better 
sense: or from Trapei/tj, as Ellendt, Hermann, and others — when 
youth comes. 

36. yvxiav dirb pnrav is for dirh twv rrjs vvktus piirav. pnral 
probably means — the swift motion of the whirling night, — but 
it may also mean the twinkling of stars. The Sch. understands 
it to mean — from the northern Rhipaean hills. The four lines 
33-36 may refer to time as well as place. 

The whole may be translated : — Whoso would let go the 
mean, and longs for overmuch of life, that he chcrisheth folly 
shall be the plain moral of my song. For oftentimes lengthened 
days do but lead to where sorrows wait (or — do but lay up for 
themselves sorrows to come), to that joyless region where they 
come who have lived too long according to their desire, and yet 
will not confess satiety of life even though they may already 


descrj' the port to which all mankind is bound, the destined 
grave, which knows neither marriage-song nor lyre nor dance, 
even death that closes all. 

Never to be born were profit beyond count ; being born, to 
be gone back at the soonest thither whence thou earnest forth 
were next best by far : for when youth has passed with its vain 
follies, by what by-path can the wretch avoid his wretchedness ? 
what pains wait not in the way ? murders, factions, battle, strife, 
and envy. Then, last hateful stage, befalls feeble crabbed 
friendless age, housemate of every sorest ill. 

Therein this poor old king not less than me, as some sea- 
beaten northward promontory thundered about with storms, 
tempestuous blasts of fate buffet continually from every side, 
some from the sun's setting, some from his rising, some adown 
his mid-day beam, some from the whirling axis of the night. 


Page 327. [Sophocles, Philodetes, 827-832.] 

Line 2. (vats is vocative — sweetly-breathing. 

4-5. The meaning may be — mayest thou keep still before his 
eyes this light which streams on them in his dreams ; i. e. he 
is dreaming of light and peace ; wake him not to pain. Or it 
may be that as the real sunlight seemed to have brought to 
Philoctetes the relief of sleep (vv. 814-821 of the play), the 
chorus hopes the sun will continue to shine and Philoctetes to 
sleep on. 

6. Hither, O Healer, come ! 


Page 366. [Aristophanes, Acharn. 280-556.] 

Line 39. Dicaeopolishad begun to despair (v. 37;, but whilst 
tlie old men scold, he seizes their coal-basket as a hostage, and 


suddenly changing his tone brightens up into defiance (Opaav- 
verai, v. 44). It seems from v. 41 compared with $(\os in v. 59 
that he brandishes an instrument, probably the ladle with which 
(cp. V. 246 of the play) he has been pouring out the sacrificial 
broth. From here to v. 155 there is a continued burlesque ot" 
Euripides' tragedy 'Telephus,' in which the hero, learning from 
an oracle that a wound inflicted by Achilles could be cured only 
by the spear which made it, entered Agamemnon's palace, and 
snatching the infant Orestes from the hearth held him as a 
hostage till he gained his object. Telephus answers to 
Dicaeopolis, Orestes to the coal-basket, and Agamemnon, 
Achilles and the Argives to the chorus. 


Page 369. [Aristophanes, Achartu 280-556.] 

Lines 118-121. EyptTr/S?; ! etc. Dicaeopolis calls up into the 
air where Euripides sits in the e/c/cu/cATj/xa— Euripides ! and 
Euripides answers — What are you holloaing (ti a/Ao/cos) to me 
about ? But Dicaeopolis still pretends to believe that Euripides 
is in the air and shouts up again — ' Why are you so high up ? 
Other people can write on the ground floor. No wonder your 
heroes lame themselves in coming down from all up there. 
And what's this ? you are dressed up in old rags : — no wonder 
your heroes are beggars.' Throughout this part of the scene 
the same pretence of shouting up must be understood. 


Page 371. [Aristophanes, ^f/!rt;«. 280-556.] 

Lines 148, 149. These two verses are taken from the Telephus. 
The next three lines are a kind of paraphrase of them in a 
double sense, one referring to Dicaeopolis revealing to the 
spectators who and what he really is even through the disguise 

L 1 


of the rags of Telephus, the other to Aristophanes himself and 
the spectators' appreciation of the real authorship of the play, 
which was brought out in the name of the actor Callistratus 
because the ' Babylonians ' acted in the previous year had in- 
volved Aristophanes in the hostility of Cleon. Cp. 8g. 

Page 373. [Aristophanes, Acharn. 280-556.] 

Line 211. This play came out at the Lenaea in the winter, when 
few strangers were present, whereas the BafivKuvioi, which had 
excited Cleon's anger, had been acted at the greater Dionysia 
when many strangers were present and amongst them those who 
brought the tribute of the subject-allies. 

214-215. For once we are all by ourselves, pure winnowed 
grain. The strangers who live here make no difference, for 
them I hold to be merely the inseparable bran of the citizen-meal. 
— There seems to be a distinction drawn between the coarse 
outer husks (rb KeKv<pos, 7] A.€7rh) which are useless for everything 
but bedding and similar purposes, and the rejection of which is 
expressed by Trepieirrjo-yueVot, and the &xvpa or inner coat which 
is separated not in the winnowing but in the grinding, and in the 
form of bran is useful as food when mixed with the meal. By 
the first the ^vfifiaxoi are signified, by the latter the /nfToiKoi. 
Aeyw is meant to express pompousness — I am of opinion that. 

The two comparisons of the allies to the husks and the 
fnfToiKoi to the bran are bits of that gross flattery of the citizen- 
grain which Dicaeopolis above (v. 83) had said the &ypoucoi Sri/j.6- 
rai were always ready to swallow unsifted {koI S'lKata k&Siko). 


Page 382. [Aristophanes, Clouds, 1-431.] 

Strepsiades appears sitting up in bed, his slaves and his son 
snoring round him. He is a countryman of substance who has 


married into the noble house of Megacles and whose son 
Pheidippides is ruining him by extravagance in the city at the 
same time that the war has made his farm worthless. 

Pheidippides represents young Athens, his father Strepsiades 
is the embodiment of old-fashioned Athenian prejudice as well as 
of ignorant and vulgar cunning, which desires to turn the new 
learning to pecuniary advantage ; his name seems merely to 
signify the readiness with which he adapts himself to his 
altered circumstances. 

Socrates is in part a mere representative of the class or 
profession of the Sophists, partly a personal caricature of the 
philosopher himself. These two elements of the character are 
so mixed together that they cannot be distinguished. 


Page 385. [Aristophanes, Clouds, 1-431.] 

Line 94. (ppovncTT-fipiov. (ppovrls from an early time conveyed 
the idea of anxious and brooding consideration of some problem. 
Aesch. Ag. 165, 1530 : Plato, Rep. 330 D. (ppovrl^oi is used in the 
same emphatic manner; Eur. Ale. 773; Plato, S^'mp. 220 C. 
(ppoyTtffTijs is further specifically appropriated even in Plato 
and Xenophon to those who like Socrates and his companions 
habitually direct this meditation to philosophic subjects ; as in 
PI. Apol. 3 tooKparris avijp crocphs to, T€ /xerewpa (ppovTiff-r^s koL to. 
vTrh yrjs awavra auf^vrvKois. So Eupolis, Fab. Inc. Fr. 10. 
Lastly, (ppovTiaT7)piov stands in the same relation to (ppovTiffrris as 
PovKevT'fipiot' to Pov\evT-fis. So the Sch. — " (ppovr. olovel 
^ovAevTTipLuv ^ a-vvoSos ris Kal OaKos o-ocpwv. Baicos 5e KuKeTrai 
6 r6iTos 'Att(K(5s ivda iroWoi ffwepxavrai ffKe\p6/j.evoi : " and it is 
used as a translation of the Lat. Curia. The exact meaning of 
<ppovTitTrr]piov then will be — the house of assembly of deep 

L 1 2 



Page 388. [Aristophanes, Clouds, 1-431.] 

Lines 176-179. The point of this passage seems to be to il- 
lustrate Socrates' practice of getting unexpected conclusions 
in philosophy from homely illustrations. — Upon the board he 
strewed dust of cinders and having bent a skewer and so got him 
a pair of compasses, from the palaestra he conveyed the cloak. — 
It is not known what the force of the last words is, except that 
they are used irap' inrdvoiav to express the unexpected nature 
of the result. It is supposed that the cloak might be pawned or 
sold for the required supper, so that the result, however 
unexpected, might still lead to the desired conclusion. There 
may be an allusion to the story that Socrates appropriated a 
drinking vessel at a banquet while the other guests were 
listening to a poem of Stesichorus. The article in dolfxariov may 
be a part of the artifice irap virovoiav, the unexpected result 
being treated as if it had been expected. 


Page 402. [Aristophanes, Birds, 676-783.] 

Lines 1-9. Sweet nightingale, you are come at our call. Lead 
for us our anapaests. 

10-62. Dull mortals, creeping clods, hear our antiquity and 

First of all things the black fowl Night brought forth an egg, 
whence came Love whose eldest brood we are, older than all 
the gods. 

We bring you all good things in their seasons. The cry 
of the departing crane gives you seed-time, the kite brings you 
shearing-time, the swallow summer-clothes. 

We are your oracles by which you guide your life, and 
whatever is prophetic you name from us. 


Let us then be your gods, and yours shall be health and 
wealth, long life and pleasure to the full. 

63-77. Sweet songstress of the brake, we sing to thee our 
leader in those quirings in vale and wood whence Phrynichus 
stole the honey of his melodies. 

78-93. Come hither, all that would happy be. Here no laws 
turn pleasures into crimes. Here may you live unblamed each 
according to his mind. 

94-109. We have songs as sweet as the paean with which 
Apollo's swans of old by Hebrus would fill the sky, hush 
the dappled game, and lay the billows in windless calm, till 
heaven itself murmured an answer. 

Who would not take wings and be of us ? — 

Such is the general sense of the passage, but the poetical 
element is inextricably mixed up with burlesque and personal 
satire and political allusions which cannot be represented by 
translation or paraphrase, any more than the peculiar and 
appropriate airiness of the language and metre. 

The plot so far as it is essential to the comprehension of this 
parabasis is as follows. — Two Athenians, Peisthetairos and 
Euelpides, disgusted with the litigiousness of Athens, seek a 
new countr3^ They come to the abode of Epops, king of the 
birds, and propose to him a scheme of universal dominion for 
the birds over gods and men. The other birds, alarmed at first 
at the sight of the men, are easily cajoled by their promises, 
and excited by the prospect of empire call forth the nightingale 
their queen, and in a general chorus led by her explain how in 
reality they alwaj^s have been and in the nature of things must 
be the superiors of mankind. 

According to Silvern the motive of the play is satire directed 
against that design of reducing the Peloponnesians by pre- 
viously mastering Sicily, Italy, Carthage, and Egypt, acquiring 
the command of the Mediterranean, and so isolating and in 
effect blockading the Peloponnese, which Alcibiades projected 
and which having taken possession of the minds of the Athe- 



nians had resulted in the Sicilian expedition. 
i8, 90.) 


(Cp. Thuc. 6. 15, 

Page 462. [Callimachus, i/yww.] 

The general meaning is : — Pallas comes home to her temple 
in Argos. Haste, ye virgins, her attendants : even now I hear 
the far-off neigh. Haste, Argive maidens : Pallas, when she 
has cleansed her steeds, will bathe in Argive waters her broad 
and goodly limbs. Daughters of Achaia, come : — already I hear 
the axle ring: bring her not ointments or mirrors such as Cypris 
loves : bring for Pallas her own olive and her golden comb. 
Daughters of Argos, let the streams be sacred from your 
pitchers to-day ; men of Argos, guard your eyes lest on you 
the blindness of Teiresias fall. 


Page 472. [Epigrams.] 

The epigrams are not arranged in chronological order. The 
following are the approximate dates of the known authors : — 



Plato .... 390 

Simmias . 






Diotimus . 

270 (?) 



Rufinus . 

100 (?) 









Ptolemy . 

. • 



A. D. 

Marcus Argentarius .... 200 

Palladas 40 

Theaetetus 55 

Paulus Silentiarius ..... 550 

Agathias 560 

The poems without names are of unknown authorship. The 
name of Plato is not always free from suspicion. 

Page 483. [Plato, Dion.'\ 

On Dion, tyrant of Syracuse, and Plato's friend. The 
sense is very complex. The several antitheses, disentangled 
and expanded, seem to be as follows, (i) Hecuba and the 
Ilian women are the common instance of grief ; but their sorrows 
were a long time ago and a long way off, fables of old-world 
poets : while ours is the real loss of one who had high aims and 
did great deeds in our own time, (ii) Their sorrows were but 
their destiny, the essential and natural principle of their poetical 
existence (1. 2), but in your death the gods have cut short 
a triumphant career and dashed high hopes, (iii) You lie 
honoured in your native land ; but O the difference to me ! 

Page 487. [Meleager, Ntobe.'] 

1. 9. avTuirhv — lit. levelled straight at her : but the sense is 
the same as if it had been avruirhs, so that there is an opposition 
between one child who stands up and though amazed yet looks 
full at Phoebus' arrows, and another who is scared at them and 
cowers down. Or the meaning may be — another with amaze- 
ment in her look receives full front and upright the shaft, another 
lies fainting on the arrow which has pierced her. In the next 
line the one who still lives is Meliboea, who, according to one 


form of the legend, was spared but turning pale from fear was 
thence named Chloris. 


Page 492. [Argentarius, The music of the stms?^ 

The sense is — I hold revel having my ej^e fixed on the 
dance of the stars in the west : other (so. earthly) dances I 
tread not with heavy foot. But I crown my brows with flowers 
and wake my l^'re ; and in this I imitate the order of the 
universe, for that too has its lyre and its crown, — The reading 
of the second line is doubtful. 




Page 11, Helm from the ivalls of Troy looking for hej- 

'Clearly the rest I behold of the dark-ey'd sons of Achaia ; 

Known to me well are the faces of all ; their names I re- 
member ; 

Two, two only remain, whom I see not among the Com- 

Kastor fleet in the car, Polydeykes brave with the cestus— 

Own dear brethren of mine : one parent lov'd us as infants. 

Are they not here in the host, from the shores of lov'd 

Or, tho' they came with the rest in ships that bound through 
the waters. 

Dare they not enter the fight or stand in the Council of 

All for fear of the shame and taunts my crime has awaken'd ? ' 

So said she ; long since they in Earths soft arms were re- 

There, in their own dear land, their fatherland, Lakedaimon. 



Page 17. The Trojan watch-fires. 
So Hector spake ; the Trojans roar'd applause ; 
Then loosed their sweating horses from the yoke, 


And each beside his chariot bound his own ; 
And oxen from the city, and goodly sheep 
In haste they drove, and honey-hearted wine 
And bread from out the houses brought, and heap'd 
Their firewood, and the winds from off the plain 
Roll'd the rich vapour far into the heaven. 
And these all night upon the bridge ' of war 
Sat glorying ; many a fire before them blazed : 
As when in heaven the stars about the moon 
Look beautiful, when all the winds are laid, 
And every height comes out, and jutting peak 
And valley, and the immeasurable heavens 
Break open to their highest, and all the stars 
Shine, and the shepherd gladdens in his heart : 
So many a fire between the ships and stream 
Of Xanthus blazed before the towers of Troy, 
A thousand on the plain ; and close by each 
Sat fifty in the blaze of burning fire; 
And eating hoary grain and pulse the steeds, 
Fixed by their cars, waited the golden dawn. 

' Or ridge. 


Page 127. The Invention of the Lyre. 

Thus having spoken, the quaint infant bore, 
Lifting it from the grass on which it fed. 
And grasping it in his delighted hold, 
His treasured prize into the cavern old. 

Then scooping with a chisel of grey steel, 

He bored the lile and soul out of the beast — 

Not swifter a swift thought of woe or weal 
Darts through the tumult of a human breast 


Whicli thronging cares annoy — not swifter wheel 

The flashes of its torture and unrest 
Out of the dizzy eyes — than Maia's son 
All that he did devise hath featly done. 

And through the tortoise's hard strong skin 

At proper distances small holes he made, 

And fastened the cut stems of reeds within, 

And with a piece of leather overlaid 
The open space and fixed the cubits in, 
Fitting the bridge to both, and stretched o'er all 
Symphonious chords of sheep-gut rhj^thmical. 

When he had wrought the lovely instrument, 
He tried the chords, and made division meet 

Preluding with the plectrum, and there went 
Up from beneath his hand a tumult sweet 

Of mighty sounds, and from his lips he sent 
A strain of unpremeditated wit 

Joyous and wild and wanton — such you maj- 

Hear among revellers on a holiday. 

He sang how Jove and May of the bright sandal 

Dallied in love not quite legitimate ; 
And his own birth, still scoffing at the scandal, 

And naming his own name, did celebrate ; 
His mother's cave and servant maids he planned all 

In plastic verse, her household stuff and state, 
Perennial pot, trippet, and brazen pan — 
But singing he conceived another plan. 





Page 128. The Ox-stealer. 

And Phoebus stooped under the craggy roof 
Arched over the dark cavern ; Maia's child 

Perceived that he came angry, far aloof, 

About the cows of which he had been beguiled, 

And over him the fine and fragrant woof 

Of his ambrosial swaddling-clothes he piled — 

As among fire-brands lies a burning spark 

Covered, beneath the ashes cold and dark. 

There, like an infant who had sucked his fill, 
And now was newly washed and put to bed. 

Awake, but courting sleep with weary will 
And gathered in a lump hands, feet and head. 

He lay, and his beloved tortoise still 

He grasped and held under his shoulder-blade ; 

Phoebus, the lovely mountain-goddess knew, 

Not less her subtle, swindling bab}', who 

Lay swathed in his sly wiles. Round every crook 
Of the ample cavern, for his kine Apollo 

Looked sharp ; and when he saw them not, he took 
The glittering key, and opened three great hollow 

Recesses in the rock — where many a nook 
Was filled with the sweet food immortals swallow. 

And mighty heaps of silver and of gold 

Were piled within — a wonder to behold ! 

And white and silver robes, all overwrought 
With cunning workmanship of tracery sweet — 

Except among the gods there can be nought 
In the wide world to be compared with it. 


Latona's offspring-, after having sought 

His herds in every corner, thus did greet 
Great Hermes :— ' Little cradled rogue, declare, 
Of my illustrious heifers, where they are ! 

' Speak quickly ! or a quarrel between us 

Must rise, and the event will be, that I 
Shall haul you into dismal Tartarus, 

In fiery gloom to dwell eternally ! 
Nor shall your father or your mother loose 

The bars of that black dungeon— utterly 
You shall be cast out from the light of day 
To rule the ghosts of men, unblest as they.' 

To whom thus Hermes slily answered : — ' Son 

Of great Latona, what a speech is this ! 
Why come you here to ask me what is done 

With the wild oxen which it seems you miss ? 
I have not seen them, nor from any one 

Have heard a word of the whole business ; 
If you should promise an immense reward, 
I could not tell more than you now have heard. 

' An ox-stealer should be both tall and strong, 

And I am but a little new-born thing, 
Who, yet at least, can think of nothing wrong :— 

My business is to suck, and sleep, and fling 
The cradle-clothes about me all day long,— 

Or, half asleep, hear my sweet mother sing. 
And to be washed in water clean and warm. 
And hushed and kissed and kept secure from harm. 

' Oh, let not e'er this quarrel be averred ! 

The astounded gods would laugh at you, if e'er 
You should allege a story so absurd, 

As that a new-born infant forth could fare 


Out of his home after a savage herd. 

I was born yesterday — my small feet are 
Too tender for the roads so hard and rough : — 
And if you think that this is not enough, 

' I swear a great oath, by my father's head, 
That I stole not 3'our cows, and that I know 

Of no one else who might, or could, or did. — 
Whatever things cows are I do not know. 

For I have only heard the name.' This said, 
He winked as fast as could be, and his brow 

Was wrinkled, and a whistle loud gave he, 

Like one who hears some strange absurdity. 



Page 304. Times Irony. 

All strangest things the multitudinous years 

Bring forth, and shadow from us all we know. 

Falter alike great oath and steeled resolve ; 

And none shall say of aught, 'This may not be.' 

Lo ! I myself, but yesterday so strong. 

As new-dipt steel am weak and all unsexed 

By yonder woman ; yea I mourn for them. 

Widow and orphan, left amid their foes. 

But I will journey seaward — where the shore 

Lies meadow-fringed — so haply wash away 

My sin, and flee that wrath that weighs me down, 

And, lighting somewhere on an untrodden way, 

1 will bury this my lance, this hateful thing. 

Deep in some earth-hole, where no eye shall see — 

Night and Hell keep it in the under world ! 

For never to this day, since first I grasped 

The gift which Hector gave, my bitterest foe. 


Have I reaped aught of honour from the Greeks. 
So true that byword in the mouths of men, 
' A foeman's gifts are no gifts but a curse.' 

Wherefore henceforward shall I know that God 
Is great, and strive to honour Atreus' sons. 
Princes they are, and should be obeyed. How else ? 
Do not all terrible and most puissant things 
Yet bow to loftier majesties? The Winter, 
Who walks forth scattering snows, gives place anon 
To fruitage-laden Summer ; and the orb 
Of weary Night doth in her turn stand by, 
And let shine out, with her white steeds, the Day : 
Stern tempest-blasts at last sing lullaby 
To groaning seas : even the arch-tyrant, Sleep, 
Doth loose his slaves, not hold them chained for ever. 
And shall not mankind too learn discipline? 
/ know, of late experience taught, that him 
Who is my foe I must but hate as one 
Whom I may yet call Friend : and him who loves me v 
Will I but serve and cherish as a man 
Whose love is not abiding. Few be they 
Who reaching Friendship's port have there found rest. 

But for these things, they shall be well. Go thou, 
Lady, within, and there pray that the gods 
May fill unto the full my heart's desire. 
And ye, my mates, do unto me with her 
Like honour : bid young Teucer, if he come, 
To care for me, but to be your friend still. 
For where my way leads, thither I shall go : 
Do ye my bidding : haply, ye may hear. 
Though now is my dark hour, that I have peace. 


M m 



Page 402. Choiiis of Birds. 

O LOVELY, sweet companion meet, 

From morn till night my sole delight, 

My little happy, gentle mate. 

You come, you come, O lucky fate ! 

Returning here with new delight, 

To charm the sight, to charm the sight. 

And charm the ear. 
Come, then, anew combine 
Your notes in harmony with mine, 
And with a tone beyond compare 
Begin your Anapaestic air. 

Ye children of man ! whose life is a span, 

Protracted with sorrow from day to day, 

Naked and featherless, feeble and querulous, 

Sickly calamitous creatures of clay ! 

Attend to the words of the Sovereign Birds, 

(Immortal, illustrious, lords of the air,) 

Who survey from on high, with a merciful eye. 

Your struggles of misery, labour, and care. 

Whence you may learn and clearly discern 

Such truths as attract your inquisitive turn ; 

Which is busied of late with a mighty debate, 

A profound speculation about the creation. 

And organical life, and chaotical strife. 

With various notions of heavenly motions, 

And rivers and oceans, and valleys and mountains, 

And sources of fountains, and meteors on high. 

And stars in the sky . . . We propose by-and-by, 

(If you'll listen and hear; to make it all clear. 

And Prodicus henceforth shall pass for a dunce. 

When his doubts are cxplain'd and expounded at once. 


Before the creation of Aethei and Light, 
Chaos and Night together were phght, 
In the dungeon of Erebus foully bedight. 
Nor Ocean, or Air, or substance was there, 
Or solid or rare, or figure or form, 
But horrible Tartarus ruled in the storm : 

At length in the dreary chaotical closet 
Of Erebus old, was a privy deposit, 
By Night the primaeval in secrecy laid — 
A mystical egg, that in silence and shade 
Was brooded and hatch'd, till time came about, 
And Love, the delightful, in glory flew out, 
In rapture and light exulting and bright. 
Sparkling and florid, with stars in his forehead, 
His forehead and hair, and a flutter and flare, 
As he rose in the air, triumphantly furnish'd 
To range his dominions on glittering pinions. 
All golden and azure, and blooming and burnish'd : 

He soon in the murky Tartarean recesses, 
With a hurricane's might, in his fiery caresses 
Impregnated Chaos ; and hastily snatch'd 
To being and life, begotten and hatch'd, 
The primitive Birds : but the Deities all. 
The celestial Lights, the terrestrial Ball, 
Were later of birth, with the dwellers on earth 
More tamely combined, of a temperate kind ; 
When chaotical mixture approached to a fixture. 

Our antiquity proved, it remains to be shown 
That Love is our author and master alone. 
Like him vye can ramble, and gambol and fly 
O'er ocean and earth, and aloft to the sky : 
And all the world over, we're friends to the lover. 
And when other means fail, we are found to prevail, 
When a Peacock or a Pheasant is sent as a present. 

All lessons of primary daily concern 

M m 2 


You have learnt from the Birds, and continue to learn, 
Your best benefactors, and early instructors ; 
We give you the warning of seasons returning. 

When the Cranes are arranged, and muster afloat 
In the middle air, with a creaking note, 
Steering away to the Libyan sands 
Then careful farmers sow their lands ; 
The crazy vessel is hauled ashore. 
The sail, the ropes, the rudder, and oar 
Are all unshipped, and housed in store. 

The shepherd is warned, by the Kite reappearing. 
To muster his flock and be ready for shearing. 

You quit your old cloak at the Swallow's behest, 
In assurance of summer, and purchase a vest. 

For Delphi, for Amnion, Dodona, in fine 
For every oracular temple and shrine, 
The Birds are a substitute equal and fair, 
For on us you depend, and to us you repair 
For counsel and aid when a marriage is made, 
A purchase, a bargain, a venture in trade : 
Unlucky or lucky, whatever has struck ye. 
An ox or an ass that may happen to pass, 
A voice in the street, or a slave that you meet, 
A name or a word by chance overheard, 
If you deem it an omen, you call it a Bird; 
And if birds are your omens, it clearly will follow 
That birds arc a proper prophetic Apollo. 

Then take on as gods, and you'll soon find the odds. 
We'll serve for all uses, as prophets and muses; 
We "11 give ye fine weather, we'll live here together; 
We'll not keep away, scornful and proud, a-top of a cloud, 
rin Jupiter's wayj ; but attend every day 
To prosper and bless all you possess. 
And all your affairs, for yourselves and your heirs. 
And as long as you live, we shall give 


You wealth and health, and pleasure and treasure, 

In ample measure ; 
And never bilk you of pigeon's milk 
Or potable gold ; you shall live to grow old, 
In laughter and mirth, on the face of the earth. 
Laughing, quaffing, carousing, boozing. 

Your only distress shall be the excess 

Of ease and abundance and happiness. 


Muse, that in the deep recesses 

Of the forest's dreary shade, 
Vocal with our wild addresses. 

Or in the lonely lowly glade 
Attending near, art pleased to hear 

Our humble bill, tuneful and shrill. 

When to the name of omnipotent Pan 

Our notes we raise, or sing in praise 
Of mighty Cybele, from whom we began, 

Mother of nature and every creature, 
Winged or unwinged, of birds or man ; 

Aid and attend, and chaunt with me 
The music of Phrynichus, open and plain, 

The first that attempted a loftier strain, 
Ever busy like the bee, with the sweets of harmony. 


Is there any person present sitting a spectator here. 
Who desires to pass his time freely without restraint or fear ? 
Should he wish to colonize, he never need be check'd or chid 
For the trifling indiscretion which the testy laws forbid. 

Parricides are in esteem : among the birds we deem it fair, 
A combat honourably fought betwixt a game-cock and his heir ! 

M m 3 


There the branded ninagate, branded and mottled in the face, 
Will be deemed a motley bird ; a motley mark is no disgrace. 
Spintharus, the Phrj-gian born, will pass a muster there 
with ease 
Counted as a Phrygian fowl, and even Execestides, 
Once a Carian and a slave, may then be nobly born and free. 
Plume himself on his descent, and hatch a proper pedigree. 


Thus the Swans in chorus follow, 
On the mighty Thracian stream 
Hymning their eternal theme — 
Praise to Bacchus and Apollo : 

The welkin rings with sounding wings. 
With songs and cries of melodies, 
Up to the thunderous Aether, ascending. 

Whilst all that breathe on earth beneath 

The beasts of the wood, the plain, and the flood. 
In panic amazement are crouching and bending, 

With the awful qualm of a sudden calm 
Ocean and air in silence blending. 
The ridge of Olympus is sounding on high. 
Appalling with wonder the lords of the sky. 

And the Muses and Graces, 

Enthroned in their places. 
Join in the solemn symphony. 

[J. H. Frere.] 


Page 414. The song of the Mystae. 

Iacchus ! lacchus ! Ho ! 
lacchus ! lacchus ! Ho ! 


X. There, master, there they are, the initiated ; 

All sporting about as he told us we should find 'em : 
They're singing in praise of Bacchus like Diagoras. 

B. Indeed, and so they are ; but we will keep quiet 
Till we make them out a little more distinctly. 


Mighty Bacchus ! Holy Power ! 
Hither at the wonted hour 
Come away, 
Come away. 
With the wanton holiday, 
Where the revel uproar leads 
To the mystic holy meads, 
Where the frolic votaries fly, ] 
With a tipsy shout and cry ; > 
Flourishing the Thyrsus high, ) 
Flinging forth alert and airy, 
To the sacred old vagary, 
The tumultuous dance and song, 
Sacred from the vulgar throng ; 
Mystic orgies that are known 
To the votaries alone — 
To the mystic chorus solely — 
Secret, — unrevealed, — and holy. 
X. O glorious virgin, daughter of the goddess ! 

What a scent of roasted griskin reached my senses. 
B. Keep quiet^and watch for a chance of a piece of the 


Raise the fiery torches high ! 
Bacchus is approaching nigh. 
Like the planet of the morn, 
Breaking with the hoary dawn, 


On the dark solemnity — 
There they flash upon the sight ; \ 
All the plain is blazing bright, \ 
Flushed and overflown with light. ) 
Age has cast his years away, '\ 

And the cares of many a day, > 
Sporting to the lively lay. ' 

Mighty Bacchus ! march and lead 
(Torch in hand towards the mead) 
Thy devoted humble chorus. 
Mighty Bacchus, move before us. 

Let us hasten, — let us fly, — 
Where the lovely meadows lie ; 

Where the living waters flow ; 

Where the roses bloom and blow. 

— Heirs of immortality 

Segregated, safe and pure, 

Easy, sorrowless, secure ; 

Since our earthly course is run, 

We behold a brighter sun. 

Holy lives — a holy vow — 

Such rewards await them now. 

[J. H. Frere.] 

Page 452. The Feast of Adorns. 

Gorgo. Is Praxinoe at home ? 

Praxinoe. My dear Gorgo, at last ! Yes, here I am. Eunoe, 
find a chair, — get a cushion for it. 

Gorgo. It will do beautifully as it is. 

Praxinoe. Do sit down. 

Gorgo. Oh, this gad-about spirit! I could hardly get to j'ou, 
Praxinoe, through all the crowd and all the carriages. Nothing 
but heavy boots, nothing but men in uniform. And what a 
journey it is ! My dear child, you really live too far off. 


Praxinoe. It is all that insane husband of mine. He has 
chosen to come out here to the end of the world, and take 
a hole of a place — for a house it is not — on purpose that you 
and I might not be neighbours. He is always just the same — 
anything to quarrel with one ! anything for spite ! 

Gorgo. My dear, don't talk so of your husband before the 
little fellow. Just see how astonished he looks at you. Never 
mind, Zopyrio, my pet, she is not talking about papa. 

Praxinoe. Good heavens ! the child does really understand. 

Gotgo. Pretty papa ! 

Piaxinoe. That pretty papa of his the other day (though I 
told him beforehand to mind what he was about), when I sent 
him to a shop to buy soap and rouge, brought me home salt 
instead ; stupid, great, big. interminable animal ! 

Gorgo. Mine is just the fellow to him. . . . But never mind 
now, get on your things and let us be off to the palace to see 
the Adonis. I hear the Queen's decorations are something 

Praxinoe. In grand people's houses everj'thing is grand. 
What things you have seen in Alexandria ! What a deal you 
will have to tell to anybody who has nev-er been here ! 

Gorgo. Come, we ought to be going. 

Praxinoe. Every day is a holiday to people who have nothing 
to do. Eunoe, pick up j^our work ; and take care, you lazy 
girl, how you leave it lying about again ; the cats find it just 
the bed they like. Come, stir yourself, fetch me some water, 
quick ! I wanted the water first, and the girl brings me the 
soap. Never mind ; give it me. Not all that, extravagant ! 
Now pour out the water ;— stupid ! why don't you take care of 
my dress ? That will do. I have got my hands washed as it 
pleased God. Where is the key of the large wardrobe ? Bring 
it here ; — quick ! 

Gorgo. Praxinoe, j^ou can't think how well that dress, made 
full, as you have got it, suits you. Tell me, how much did it 
cost ? — the dress by itself, I mean. 


Praxinoc. Don't talk of it, Gorgo : more than eight guineas 
of good hard money. And about the work on it, I have almost 
worn my life out. 

Gorgo. Well j^ou couldn't have done better. 

Praxinoe. Thank you. Bring me my shawl, and put my hat 
properly on my head ; — properly. No, child {to her little boy), 
I am not going to take you ; there's a bogy on horseback, who 
bites. Cry as much as you like ; I'm not going to have you 
lamed for life. Now we'll start. Nurse take the little one and 
amuse him; call the dog in, and shut the street door. {They 
go out.) Good heavens ! what a crowd of people ! How on 
earth are we ever to get through all this ? They are like ants : 
you can't count them. My dearest Gorgo, what will become 
of us ? here are the royal Horse Guards. My good man, don't 
ride over me ! Look at that bay horse rearing bolt upright ; 
what a vicious one ! Eunoe, you mad girl, do take care ! — that 
horse will certainly be the death of the man on his back. How 
glad I am now, that I left the child safe at home ! 

Gorgo. All right, Praxinoe, we are safe behind them ; and 
they have gone on to where they are stationed. 

Praxinoe. Well, yes, I begin to revive again. From the 
time I was a little girl I have had more horror of horses and 
snakes than of anything else in the world. Let us get on ; 
here's a great crowd coming this way upon us. 

Gorgo. (to an old woman). Mother, are you from the palace? 

Old woman. Yes, my dears. 

Gorgo. Has one a tolerable chance of getting there? 

Old woman. My pretty young lady, the Greeks got to Troy 
by dint of trying hard ; trying will do anything in this world. 

Gorgo. The old creature has delivered herself of an oracle and 

Praxinoe. Women can tell you everything about everything, 
Jupiter's marriage with Juno not excepted. 

Gorgo. Look, Praxinoe, what a squeeze at the palace 


Praxinoc, Tremendous! Take hold of me, Gorge ; and you, 
Eunoe, take hold of Eutychis ! — tight hold, or you'll be lost. 
Here we go in all together. Hold tight to us, Eunoe ! Oh, 
dear! oh, dear! Gorgo, there's my scarf torn right in two. 
For heaven's sake, my good man, as you hope to be saved, 
take care of my dress ! 

Stmngcr. I'll do what I can, but it doesn't depend upon me. 

Pmxinoe. What heaps of people ! They push like a drove 
of pigs. 

Sf ranger. Don't be frightened, ma'am, we are all right. 

Praxiiioe. May you be all right, my dear sir, to the last day 
you live, for the care you have taken of us ! What a kind, 
considerate man ! There is Eunoe jammed in a squeeze. 
Push, you goose, push ! Capital ! We are all of us the right 
side of the door, as the bridegroom said when he had locked 
himself in with the bride. 

Gorgo. Praxinoe, come this way. Do but look at that work, 
how delicate it is ! — how exquisite ! Why, they might wear 
it in heaven. 

Praxinoe. Heavenly patroness of needlewomen, what hands 
were hired to do that work ? Who designed those beautiful 
patterns ? They seem to stand up and move about, as if thej' 
were real; — as if they were living things, and not needlework. 
Well, man is a wonderful creature ! And look, look, how 
charming he lies there on his silver couch, with just a soft down 
on his checks, that beloved Adonis, — Adonis, whom one 
loves even though he is dead ! 

Another Stranger. You wretched women, do stop your 
incessant chatter ! Like turtles, you go on for ever. They 
are enough to kill one with their broad lingo, — nothing but a, ^ 
a, a. 

Gorgo. Lord, where does the man come from ? What is it 
to you if we are chatterboxes ? Order about your own 
servants ! Do you give orders to Syracusan women ? If you 
want to know, we came originally from Corinth, as Bellerophon 


did ; we speak Peloponnesian. I suppose Dorian women may 
be allowed to have a Dorian accent. 

Praxinoc. Oh, honey-sweet Proserf)ine, let us have no more ■ 
masters than the one we've got ! We don't the least care for 
you; praj' don't trouble yourself for nothing. 

Gorgo. Be quiet, Praxinoe ! That ^rst-rate singer, the 
Argive woman's daughter, is going to sing the Adonis hymn. 
She is the same who was chosen to sing the dirge last 
j'ear. We are sure to have something first-rate from her. 
She is going through her airs and graces ready to begin. 

[M. Arnold.] 





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