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Full text of "The Gospel in All Lands"

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I 



THE POST FOUNTAIN PEN. 

Price, Three Dollars. 




The holder is larger than the above cut shows, being the usual size of fountain pens, 
length seven inches. 




It is a Self-filler and Self-cleaner, and we believe it to be the best fountain pen made. 
The patentee was for his unique invention made a member of the French Academy of 
Inventors, and it is the only fountain pen manufactured in America awarded a gold 
medal by the "Academic Parisienne Des Inventeurs Industriels et Exposants Paris." 



Bishop J. H. Vincent, D.D., wrote April 21, 1899, " I carry four 
fountain pens and now the Post makes the fifth, and the fifth is by 
far the best I have— and all are good. ,, 

Mr. Anderson Fowler, a member of the Board of Managers of the 
Missionary Society, writes : " The self-filling arrangement in the Post 
is certainly a great advantage over the old style, and one that cannot 
fail to be highly appreciated by those who use fountain pens. 1 am 
so much pleased with mine I want you to send me, with bill, six more, 
which I want as presents." 

Dr. Lyman Abbott, Editor of TJie OntUtok: " To me it is a great 

advantage to have a fountain pen which requires no filler, and can be 

filled at any time, and at any inkstand, without the possibility of inky 

Enclosed please find my check for $3.00 for the pen received, which I 




fingers or blotted paper or desk, 
cordially recommend." 



For $3.00. 



Two copies of Gospel in All Lands for one year and one Post Fountain Pen. 



For $4.50. 



Six copies Gospel in All Lands for one year, to one or six different persons, and one 
Post Fountain Pen. 

In ordering say whether you want a fine, medium, coarse, or stub pen. The pen will 
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LtUnd Stanford, 




01(0196% 



INDEX FOR GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS FOR 1900. 



MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THK 

M BTIIOD18T EPISCOPAL 

CHURCH. 



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METHODIST EPISCOPAL MIi*- 
SIOXS. 

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Mi-.l'.n mi Siiuili laiian 1 

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MI.—ilPTI I IVJ-I. IluflDU. ......'.. i 

CtnliMlMi™ < 

SMI ill l( ■■:-■■.' 'I -- 

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MlBdonli. H roan bad. India I 

SOUTH AMERICA. 

umtSi *!*iwT ** °. ...: 

Method, v >! «lnn It Porto Him : 

Method'*! Rptooofaj Mission. ....... 

Meetliu>->t M.i-icmli-i Cniltwn.' I 

Mil TH AMERICA. 

Report or - . ... ■■.'■.■ in south 

ASIA. 

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City of Priiiiiir 3 

Aids lo Siiiml'i'' I fie Gospel' I 

Awaken I,,* ••! t t.ina. . ...... son. ( 

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i Evaopttlcal Chrlntlanlty in Norlh- 
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GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS. 



JANUARY, 1900. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONS IX AFRICA 



TEE FIELDS. 
J EARLY all .>r Africa la under Che control 
or European governments. TheHeiho- 
t Episcopal Missions are In the republic 
I Liberia, the Portuguese colonies of An- 
as] Africa, 
Inhambane, in 
Africa, and the 
rltt&h oolony of Bho- 
,iji, in Bouth Africa, 
seph Crane 
utxeB, D.D., LI, 11., 
1 plsoopal super- 
ision of all the mis- 
vin g been 
m&aeentted Mission- 
Bishop of Africa 
D May, ISM. He pos- 
ila! ijnnliii- 
(tfa&s tor Ms office, 
I the mission! 1111- 
■ Li- din otion save 
paired greatly in- 

■ 1 strength. 

Liberia, In West 

■ about "'H" 

sties of coast line and 

lands back about 9D0 

with an area of 

win U,3W square 

It bas a total population of about 
90, Of these 18,000 are Americo- 
jerians, and the remaining are aborigines. 
Liberia is a republic with it constitution 
■deled on that of the United Stat - The 
leutlve i- vested in a President anil the 
islative power in a Senate and House of 
preeentatives. There are eight members 
D tho Senate and thirteen in the House. The 
?sident is W. D. Coleman. 

Angola bas aooaetlli t over 1,000 miles. 

1 colony of Portugal, and is divided 

) the SvB districts of Conge., Luanda, 

itigiu-lla, Mossamedes, and Luuda. The 

ipilal la San Paulo de Loauda. The prln- 

I |»>i(s are Loanda, Benguella, Ambiiz, 

I Uosaamedee. There are considerable 

-.■iii<-m"M> of Portuguese, who trade with 



Ibe native* and with the Arabs, The na- 
tives are heathen, their religion being in- 
termixed with Mohammedan and Roman 
Catholic ideas. 
Rhodesia includes that portion of British 
Booth Africa north ai d 
west of the Booth Aii-i- 
.ini BepubUc and the 

■ 
of south latitude. 
Northern Rhodesia has 
an ana ofabout 261,000 
square m lies and a 
population of about 
050,000, of whom about 
850 are European \. 
Southern Rhodesia has 
an area of 174,728 
square miles, 
Important parts being 
Matabclcland, with an 
esiimab 1 population 
Ol 940,000, Ud Masho- 
naland with an esti- 
mated population of 
810,000. 'Ii: 
fi.piitli Africa Company 

lias i.h I.- ^•■iii-nil a.l - 

irtzei.l. Istratlon of affairs in 

Southern Rhodesia. 
Tho natives are chiefly Kaffirs and Bostttos 
with some Zulu.-. In the southwest 

Inhambane is one of the dlfltl :■ 
gueee East Africa, the 1 
being the principal port. 

Dr. E. H. Kehards writes, October T, lfl»i 
''The M<.| h> "list Mission i- in the military 
distriet of the province of Mozambique, 
which province extends from Cape 1 'alga- In 
on the north to Delagoa Bay on the south, 
and [a divided int" Hi. ili.-'i '■■l- .■( Mozam- 
bique, Bens and Tete, Chiluan, luhatnbaue, 
and IJorsnoo Marque*. There 
population of ahout three mi Hi. m in tli>. di-- 
trictof Inhanibnne. They speak three dis- 
tinct dialects together with a combination of 
sorts produced by iutermarringe. The But- 
-'■■■ the si numerous. They are back 




The Liberia t'ottferenee. 



from the coast and occupy the country from 
the Sabi River down to near the Limpopo 
River. The Tongas inhabit all the coast re- 
gions and are the sailors for all nations. 
The Machopa inhabit a line south of the 
town of Inhambaae, along the coast as far as 
the Limpopo, and are the most industrious 
people in the province. The Free Methodists 
are doing some work here. The Anglicans 
arc also here and are planning for some- 
what extended efforts, and though they are 
strictly ' High Church ' in their ideas, they 
will do our natives nothing but good. There 
will probably be more people saved eventu- 



Rock Conference ; John A. Simpson from Atlania 
Conference. H. C. Rubs had died during the year. 
J. D. A. Scott was located. Alexander F. Nlnimv 
withdrew. John G. Tate was permitted lo withdraw 
under charges. The superannuated preachers were 
William P. Kennedy, Sr., G. W. Parker, C. B. 
McLaln. 

The following were the appointments, thou- in 
italics not being members of the Conference : 

Monrovia and Bass a District.— W. T. Hagan. F. 
E. IP. O.. Monrovia}. Bassa Mission School, to tw 
supplied. Bexley Mission, J. A. Origg*. CiireyslmrB 
and N'ewlantl. V. T. Hagan. Central Bnehanau. .1. T. 
Carney. Edina, E. B. Mitchell, Kdlna Mission School, 
.Writ. L. A. Jones. Farmlngton, J. T. Williams. Farm- 
InptoiL Mission School, Thnmiui J. King. Hartsville, 




THE T.TRERTA OOHTEREHOE. 

THE Liberia Mission was commenced in 1833, and 
organized as a Mission Conference In 1836, and 
declared a regular Annual Conference in 1808. The 
Conference embraces the western coast of Africa 
north of the equator, but its work la at present con- 
fined to the republic of Liberia. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. A. P. Camphor, D.D., and wife, Rev. J. C. 
BberrlU and wife, Rev. J. A. Simpson and wife, Rev. 
J. B. Robertson and wife, Rev. Win, G. Smart and 
Wife, Mr. F. M. Allen and wife, Mr. U. L. Walker 
and wife, Mr. Jobn Harrow, Mr. Joe A. Davis. Miss 
Amanda Davis, Miss Rachel Malr/Miss Jessie Arms. 
On furlough : Mrs. Jennie Hunt, Mr. D.E.Osborne 
and wife. 

Annual Meeting. 

The Liberia Conference was held in Cape Palmas, 
Liberia, February 9-16, 1899, Bishop Harwell presid- 
ing. 

Joseph C. SherrlU was received from the Little 



Fortsvllle, and Bexley, Alfred Morgan. Lower Buch- 
anan, D. M. Herrou. Marshall ami Mount Olive. .1. 
P. Artls. Mount Olive School, Mr*. J. II. IKimlie. 
Monrovia, J. C. Sberrlll. New Georgia and .lohiisnn- 
ville. J. W. Davis. Faynesbnry, X. B. WhltBt-Iil. 
Payiiesvllle. J. J. Powell Rotwrtsnorl ami Talla. II. 
K. McKeever. t'pper Buchanan. W. P. Kennedy, .Ir. 
College of West Africa, at Monrovia. A. P. Camphor. 
president; Mrs. M. A. H. Camphor, preceptress; ,/. 
Frllh, J. A. Dari*, Mi** A. Imrit, teachers. 

Work among Heathen: Forlsvltle Mission, Ltt .In- 
own Mission, KHleii Royee. 
E. E. Poiifl/. 

Capk Palmas District.- Presiding Elder to he 
supplied. Cape Palmas, H. H. Evans. Cape PalniHs 
Seminary, T. T. Jtreirrr, principal; H. II. uilw, 
teacher. Tubman town, C. H. Gray. 

Work among Heathen: Ballibo, to be supplied. 
Barraka, V. I.. Walkir. Mr*. U. I.. Wolker. Hralai.to 
he supplied. Blgtown and Plukey. Mr*. F. B. A*hh,». 
Garraway, John Harrow, Mi**Agif* MeAHtttr. Grand 
Cess. T. Xrirton. Sasstown, J. Mcaalii. Wissika. 
Mi** It. Mnir, Mi** J. Arm*. 

Madeira District.- W. <{. Smart. P. E. iP. O., 
Fimchal, Madeira Islands). Funchal. to be snpplii-il. 
Fiinchal Mission School. Mlm f. Xneton, Mi** K. 
Xenion, teachers. St. Antonio, W. G. Smart. Mr*. If*. 
S. Smart. Mlt* S. -Vo.fon. M. Furtado. 



Congo Mission Conference. 



3 



Bt. Paul Hi yes District.— I. N. Holdei 
E. iF. O., CroilerviUe, Liberia). Bensonvllle and 
Croxlervllle, A. I.. Sims, Z. H. Dixon. Clay Ashland 
and Sasstowu. J. E. Clarke. Clay Ashland Mis- 
sion School, S.K.S. Payne. Sasstown Mission School. 
Q. W. Parker.Jr. Harrlsburg, P. T. Harker. Mills- 
burg. S. D. Richard*. Robertsvllle. W. H. Carter. 
Upper and Lower Caldwell and Jiaroesvlllc. I. N. 
Holder. Virginia and Brewersvllle, C. A. Lincoln 

Work aiunng Heathen: Crawford Mission, An 
SiiorKm.ifrt.lt. A. M.Crauford. (iolal) and !U 
Coffee Mission, to be supplied. Heddington Mission, 
to be supplied. St. l'aul River Industrial School, J. K. 
tleGUl.ilrt. F. A. McGill. Weeleeinab Mission, F. C. 
Holderuess. 

Si>okDisthic.:t.— J. W. Bonner, P. E.rP.O., Green- 
ville. Liberia), Bluntsvllle, K A. Miller. Greenville, 
J. A. Simpson. C. A. Minor. Lexington, to be sup- 
plied. IjmUluna M. Ruiley. Louisiana Mission 
School. E. A. L. MeCatdeu. 

Work among llcatben: Bine Barrow Mission. E. 
Walker. EbenezerMlssion. X. B. Robert*. Fishtown, 
Allen Peat. Nairn a Kroo, to be supplied. Nlffoo, T. 
Marry. Krttra Kroo, O. E. F. Cole. Since River In- 
dustrial Mission, J. fl. Hotiertson, Mrr. J. R. Robertson. 
Wah Country, Mrs. I. Shinnait. 

Missionaries at America.-.!/™. Jennie Hunt, 

D. E. Osl-arne, Stn. II. E- Osborne. 

The statistics reported at Conference show B.3U8 
tneiubers and probationers, an Increase of 186: 
3,347 Sunday school scholars; 1,1)30 day school 
scholars. Duringthu year there had been 232 hap- 
li-ii.-, li:< i.'OHVi.-rsiiins, Si;!ii.:ai c- •lli'ut>--l for minis- 
terial support, H90.81 collected for education, M7 
Collected for Episcopal Fund, (3 collected for Sun- 
day School Union, (133.50 collected (or missions, 
tJtt.Bu Minute money irollectcd, tflOO Conference 
traveling collection. There were 5fl churches, valued 
at #63.608. 

Bishop Hartzell reports na lo the Liberia Confer- 
ence ; "The year 18119 in that Conference marks a 
marvelous transition in spirit, hopefulness, and 
efficiency. The most noteworthy results of the year 

"1. A l->,000 priming house, presses, and outfit, 
■with paper and inks for iwo years. 

"2. The beginning of a monthly paper published 
hy the Industrial Depar tm e nt of the College of West 
Africa. 

" a. The success of the college Itself and lis thirty- 
two primary schools iii different purls of the Confer- 
ence, properly graded, with American text-books, 
all under Ihe direetion of the president of the col- 
lege. 

" 4. The transfer into the Conference of ten grad- 
nates from our MMtliBm schools, and all In good 
health and doing well. 

" 5. The enlargement of our work among the na- 
tive heathen. 

"6. The increase of self-support." 



00HG0 JCSSIOJT 00HTEEEN0E. 

THE Congo Mission was commenced In 1885, by 
Bishop William Taylor, on what has been 
called the self-supporting plan, and stations were 



opened on the Congo and in Angola. The Genera! 
Conference of 1896 authorised the organization of 
the Congo Mission Conference, which should em- 
brace all of Africa south of the equal or. and (his w as- 
done lu 1807. The name is at present a misnomer. 
as there are now no Methodist missions on the Congi> 
or In the Congo Free State, and the Conference In- 
cludes the missions lu Angola and tu South and 
!>i-(iiln;iist Africa. 

Akoola.— Rev. 8. J. Mead and wife, Rev. Robert 
Shields and wife, Rev. C. W. Gordon, Rev. 8. E. 
Brewster, Rev. Thomas Waite, Mr. Win. S. Miller, 
Miss Susan Collins. Miss Hilda Larson, Mrs Mary B. 
Shoett. Onfurhmgh: Rev. A. E. Withey and wife, 
Rev. Vf. F. Dodson and wife, Rev. II. C. Withe)'. 
The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society Is repre- 
sented by Miss Cora D. Zentuilre. 

Rhodes!*.— Rev. W. M. Ehnes and wife, Rev. J. 
L. DeWItt and wife, Mrs. Anna J. Ardnt. 

Isiiambske.— Bar. E. n. Richards, D.D., and wife, 
Rev. A. L. Buck waiter and wife. 



Angola Missions. 

BISHOP HARTZELL reports : '■ The working tnls- 

three of whom have wives ; two single men, three 
unmarried women, and six children. 

"The Rev. William P. Dodson Is Presiding Elder 
of the Aiigola District. The Rev. C. W. Gordon pre- 
sided jie i In- ^ssii.u ti.id ai Qinlioimoa .linn- !-:(, m.d 
arranged the appointments for trim part of the work. 
The Presiding Elder's report gives an encouraging 
outlook, considering the fewness of the workers. 
The coming of the Rev. T. Waiie anil the Rev. S. E. 
Brewslcr was a great joy. Miss Cora Zentmlre, seut 
out by the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, 
was also gladly welcomed. 

"Rev. A. E. Withey and wife are on furlough. 
Rev. Samuel J. Mead and wife and the Rev. Robert 
Shields and wife have been on furlough and are re- 
turning much benefited by their rest. IJrntber Her- 
bert C. Withey is now on his way lo America, and a 
scheme has been arranged with the New York Board 
by which, during I'.KJO. Brothers Hudson, Gordon, 
and the other veterans of iliat field may have well- 
merited and absolutely necessary respites. The 
terms of continuous service among these Angola 
workers range from six to fourteen yean*. 

"There are a number of p-nrou raging features in tho 
work in Angola. The sources of support are more 
permanent; tbe ways of living are more In harmony 
with best mission methods ; the work is being cou- 
nted upon a few central stations, and native 
helpers employed to man oittslatlons, tinder proper 
supervision, the natives themselves doing more In- 
ward supporting Ihe work; good progress is being 
made In publishing Scriptures and other literature 
n Ihe Klmbnndn language ; the schools for appren- 
ices are Increasing in number and efficiency ; the 
-alue of property is being Increased, especially in 
Malange, where the town authorities have given us 



Angola Missions. 



&n additional block of ground, and the native school 
work is advancing." 

Rev. A. VY. Witney report*: 

"In the Angola Mission we have the following 
properties t In Luanda three fourths of an acre In 
the tipper city overlooking the loner city and har- 
bor; tn Dondo one fourth of an acre on the park 
overlooking the Coania River; tn Quiongoa 1,000 
acres of tillage with a mountain quarry of brown 
sandstone ; in Pungo Andongo three acres In the 
heart of the town and three acres adapted to sugar 
cane and coffee In the euburbs ; In Malange two 
acres centrally located in the town, including one 



tices. There are 2 new printing presses and outfit, 
worth (1,000, but no suitable building for them. 

" Several of the missionaries are either on furlough 
or their furloughs will commence early In 1900, so 
that the force tn Angola during 1!MM will be small, 
and the station supplied wilt be as follows : Loauda 
and Dondo, unsuppllad. Quiongoa, Rev. Robert 
Shields and wife, superintendent ; Rev. Thomai 
Watte, superintendent of Industrial Department. 
Miss Florlnda Bessa (native), matron and teacher. 
Malange, Rev. Samuel J. Mead and wife, eupertn 
Undent, and In charge of Boys' School; Rev. 8. 
Elson Brewster, superintendent of Industrial De- 




half acre donated conditionally In 1898 ; in Quessua 
IS acres of Ullage which can be Irrigated by perpetual 
mountain streams. Upon these lands are IT build- 
ings, of which 6 are used for joint purposes of resi- 
dence, school, and preaching services, 3 for business 
purposes and storage of supplies, 1 for industrial 
workshop, and 7 for residences of missionaries. Be- 
sides these there are various small houses for nalive 
apprentices, etc., and sheds for storage- A new 
building, not Included In the above description, is 
partly erected upon a new lot in Malange to fulfill 
the condition of donation. The properties represent 
a value of (20,000, which Is much below the actual 
outlay. 

" There are 4 organized churches with 17 commu- 
nicants and 170 adherents; four Sunday schools with 
90 pupils. There are SO boys and girls supported 
In mission schools, and 8 self-supporting appren- 



paitmeni. Quanta, Miss Hilda Larson, superintend 
eut, and In charge of Girls' School ; Hiss Cora D. 
Zentmlre (W. F. M. S.), assistant. 

" Although 33 men and SO women have been sent 
to this Held during tbe last fifteen years, yet the real 
besieging force — that Is. those who remained more 
than three years — was but 7 men, 5 women, and 2 
boys who grew to manhood in the work. Many did 
good and lasting work who remained the three years 
or less, but as there were no books in existence in 
the Kimbundu language, the task of acquiring it by 
sound required longer application than they gave. 
Of the 11 missionaries 3 have served continuously . 
15 years; two, 1* years; four, 13 years; two, 12 
years ; one, 10 years ; two, 7 years, and they have 
all tolled lndefatlgably. Fifty children have been 
gathered In (most of them being adopted), Instructed 
and trained In religion, knowledge, music, and in- 



likoileaia Mission. 



BISHOP HARTZELL visited Mashonaland, In Rho- 
desia, Id the tall of 189T, and returning to the 
United Stales la 1898, arranged for tbe sending oat 
of missionaries to tbe Held. Tbe Rev. Morris W, 
Ehnes and wife sailed for South Africa September 
3, 1896, and In 1899 they were followed by Rev. Jas. 
L. DeWttt and wife, A. C. Hamitt, M.D., Miss Alice 
Culver, and Mrs. Anna J. Ardnt. They were located 
at Old and New UmtaJi (ten miles apart). 



adjoining valleys. These lands are mostly valuable 
to us tor grazing stock, with here and there places 
for farms for whites or kraal sites for natives. 

" At Old Umtall our Industrial department is or- 
ganized, and with natives we are developing a gar- 
den, doing our fencing, black smithing, carpentry. 
and some cabinet making. We have 69 cattle, SO 
sheep, and 49 goats. We have also eight good work 
oxen and wagons and carts. Our hospital is opened 
for whites and natives, and already we have had 
more than a score of cases, halt of them Europeans. 
The hospital is conducted on business principles, all 
who can paying regular rates. Native mothers are 
bringing their children long distances for advice and 




Bishop HartxeU reports: "We have on tbla field 
at New and Old Umtall two men and their wives, a 
physician, whose wife Is still in Chicago ; a trained 
nurse, one matron, three white men helpers, and 
twelve native helpers. Of the workers nine were 
sent out from America by the Missionary Society. 

" We have at New Uratali four lots in the center 
of the town worth (4,(100 ; school furniture and outfit 
worth several hundred dollars ; a school that is a 
success, and a church that Is making a good begin- 
ning. This work among white people In a short 
time will be self-supporting. We are the only non- 
conformist church In a young town of 000 whites in 
the center of a large gold belt, where several mines 
are being worked. Tbe government appropriates a 
dollar lor every one I put Into teachers, equipments, 
or buildings for school work, and the patrons pay 
for each pupil (2.50 a month. 

" We have at Old Umtall eight good and several 
•mailer brick buildings with much unused building 
material, all worth fSO.OOO. One Is a good church 
30*50 feet la size, and another was a le-room 
hotel. The land concessions include 1,000 acres 
around tbe mission site, and at least B,000 acres in 



medicine. My watchwords are : Nodthtt; indmtrud 
training for tiatiivi; the dectlopment of local uJf-sup- 

(Slnce Bishop Harteell wrote the above Dr. A. C. 
Hamitt and Miss Alice Culver nave left the field, 
arriving in New York December H, 1899.) 

The Rhodesia Advertiser of October 13, published at 
Umtall, says : " When it was decided to change the 
site of Umtall, and by the payment of more than 
£50,000 tbe British South Africa Company became 
owner of the buildings, Mr. Rhodes was asked what 
was to be done with the old town. His reply was, 
" We will turn it into a mission." That remark is 
now a fulfilled phophecy. The town was soon 
abandoned for the new site ten miles away, and all 
the buildings dismantled except those reserved for 
mission purposes. The property has been in the 
possession of the Methodist Episcopal Church but a 
few months, and It is remarkable what has been 
accomplished In clearing away the debris of aban- 
doned and unroofed buildings and other rubbish ; In 
getting tho mission buildings in shape for use; In 
starting herds of stock ; fencing and beginning gar- 
dens, and the opening of Industrial schools." 



The Inhambane Mission. 



The Tnhamhanfl Mission. 

DR. ERWIN II. RICHARDS writes from Inham- 
bane, October 7, 1899: 
" This section of the Congo Mission Conference is 
a legacy from the American Board through Bishop 
Taylor, and was inaugurated in 1880. In 1884 the 
three main stations were founded, and notwithstand- 
ing awkward and most inconvenient breaks, they 
have continued to the present day. We are not yet 
out of a section some twenty-five miles square, but 
are ready to enlarge as soon as funds will warrant. 

" Gikuki is the first founded station, and Farang- 
wana and Tizore, the two first converts in the terri- 
tory, our leading evangelists, were converted on 
Christmas Day, 1885. Gikuki was first started as 
a base for the other stations, and was located at 
Mongwe, some twelve miles farther down the bay. 
In 1886 it was removed to the present site, and a fine 
two-story iron house, the gift of Mrs. M. W. Blynn, 
of New York, was erected, which is intended to be- 
come a hospital and home, and at present is doing 
duty for church, school, printing room, dormitory, 
etc., below, while the upper rooms are the freshest 
and healthiest of any on the coast and afford us a 
fine mission home. 

" Kambini and Makodweni have each iron houses, 
and were originally in splendid shape for native 
work, but, owing to breaks of longer and shorter 
duration, the property has deteriorated till it will 
require considerable outlay to make them as suitable 
as they once were. One year ago last June our 
church, which till that date had been one, was di- 
vided into three, one church for each of the main 
stations, with one outstation for each. 

" Our members in full connection at present num- 
ber 35, and we have 113 probationers, which include 
all who have confessed the Lord Jesus with the 
mouth, and are daily praying to him in our public 
services. Owing to the workings of the native mind, 
* biased and blinded by generations of superstitton, 
we are unable to baptize the great majority of these 
converts without an extended probation. 

" We have no ordained native ministers, but we 
make use of every available lay worker, both men 
and women, as fast as they manifest ability, and the 
funds are on hand to support them. We have eight 
men with their efficient wives whom we could place 
on as many new stations if there were any funds for 
the purpose. The three whom we established at the 
beginning of this year have reaped more than a 
dozen converts each. 

" The men now employed have founded their sta- 
tions without cost to the Mission, and taken full 
work in school and church all for $50 per year, and 
in addition have taken five boarders each, whom 
they train and teach with satisfaction to us, for the 
Bum of $25 for each station. So that for $75 one 
may equip a preacher and teacher with a boarding 
school of five pupils, and evangelize a whole dis- 
trict for no more per year. 

'* These teachers are called together at the close of 
every month and the daily record of every work 
and of pupil and probationer on their station is 



carefully investigated, and advice and command 
given, according to our interpretation of the needs 
of that station. One great good of these meetings is 
that each teacher hears the report of the other sta- 
tions, and is stimulated to at least equal, and, if 
possible, surpass his brother in the work. 

"One thing which has produced splendid fruit is 
the redeeming of native girls. This requires discre- 
tion, but has proven to be the right thing to do in 
every case. Mabumbi, the first one redeemed, is 
now our chief matron, and has brought -already into 
our probationers' class some fifteen souls. Tazenda, 
another, has brought us three choice girls, two of 
whom are engaged to be married to our Christian 
teachers, and she has brought into the fold several 
others. Mariamo, another, is the mother of three 
children, each one of whom can recite the Catechism, 
the Ten Commandments, seven psalms of David, and 
can read in the Testament, and she has also brought 
in some thirteen souls for the probationers' class. Za- 
nuteya, another, is just married, and her popularity 
may be estimated by the fact that at her wedding 
more than five hundred guests attended and she was 
the leader of them all. She is now at one of our 
outstations. Had these four persons not been re- 
deemed by mission money, they would have been 
sold to heathen owners regardless of every wish or 
propriety, and must have been lost to Christ's Church 
on earth, if not lost forever. 

" We are in need of funds for the redemption of 
three more suitable candidates at this moment. 
These funds are usually returned into the Mission 
treasury and may be used over and over again. If 
we redeem them, their Christian husbands will re- 
turn all that it is necessary to use. If we had $300, 
we could redeem these three girls now in our care, 
and for whom we are fighting as best we may, de- 
ferring the evil day as long as possible when they 
will be taken from us. 

" Our homes are overflowing with native children, 
ami the time is ripe for a central school of a higher 
grade than at present we are working. We need a 
seminary for girls, well equipped, well supplied with 
teaching force, and at first opening we can place 100 
pupils within its doors. Both are greatly needed, for 
we have a population of upward of three millions, 
most of whom are of teachable age. Similar semi- 
inartes for girls have been built in Natal at a cost of 
$6,000. It will require more here to include proper 
furnishings. The boys' seminary need not cost more, 
but must include proper industrial outfit. These 
sums will not include teachers, their outfit, or trans- 
portation. 

" We have just received through the kindness of 
Bishop Hartzell a choice printing press with a sup- 
ply of printing material. This will be very helpful, 
for we need primers, readers, arithmetics, and 
other school matter. We are at present translating 
the New Testament into Sheetswa, and have com- 
pleted the first half of the work. 

" Our hospital work is suffering for lack of build- 
ings, medicines, and nursing. I have operated on 
three cases this morning under a cashew tree in the 
yard, which does duty for a hospital at present. Wo 



The Inhambane Mission,. 




need the schools first and then (be hospital. The 
war In the Transvaal affects our prices materially, 
bat Is not likely to affect us otherwise." 

Bishop Ilartxcll writes: 

" Inhambane District Is on the East Coast, in 
Portuguese territory. The Rev. E. II. 'Richards is 
Presiding Elder ; he and bis wife, Brother and Sister 
Buckwalter, aud nine native helpers constitute our 
working force there. They have three central sta- 
tions aud several outstations, with large plats of 
land and fairly good buildings. They have regular 
district meetings monthly, and the Discipline is en- 
forced as tii membership. This accounts for the 
fewness of members, although the native and access- 
ible population around them is very great. Hun- 
dreds of eiek are given medical care every mouth. 
Here we must have cheap hospital outfits and (rained 

" At Delagon Bay, 2j0 miles down the coast from 
Inhambane, I have a cash donation of $7,500 for a 
church and parsonage and a cottage rest for the 
dick. The United States consul, his Boston wife, 



rod several others plead for me to send (hern a man 
iud his wife and a deaconess nurso for the work 
imong Europeans. This town of several thousand, 
villi Its bay, is the ocean port to the Transvaal. 
\b English ascendency grows in South Africa, as It 
,vill and ought, that port will become a great center 
>f European population and commercial impor- 



" Worthy thy name. O Lord, 
Of uvorliistliiB praise; 

Salvation thou hast wrought, 
And marvelous tby ways ! 

" O hasten, Lord, the day. 
Foretold In thy sure word. 

When all man's fallen race 
Shall own thee as their God.' 



(10) 
THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONS IN EUROPE. 



THE FIELDS. 

THE Methodist Episcopal Missions in Eu- 
rope are in Germany, Austria, Switzer- 
land, Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Russia, 
Italy,ond Bul- 
garia. The 
majority of 
the people in 




Catholics; in Bulgaria and in K us sin, out- 
side of Finland, they arc adherents of the 
Greek Church. Bishop John M. Waldeu, 
D.D., LL.D., hud episcopal supervision of 
all the missions in Europe during 1898 and 
1899, and presided at all the Annual Meet- 
ings. 

Germany comprises the Kingdoms of Prus- 
sia, Saxony, Bavaria, Wurtemberg ; Grand 
Duchies of Baden, Hesse, Meeklenburg- 
Schwerin, Saxe- Weimar, Mecklenburg-Stre- 
lltz, Oldenburg; Duchies of Brunswick, 
Saxe-Melningen, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Co- j 
burg-Gotha, Anhalt; Principalities of 
Schwarzburg-Sondershausen,Schwarzburg- 
Budolstadt, Waldeck, Beuss Aelterer Linie, 
Reuss Jungercr Linie, Schaumburg Lippe, 
Lippe; Freetowns of Lubeck, Bremen, 
Hamburg: Rcichsland of Alsace-Lorraine. 

The supreme direction of the military and 
political affairs of the empire is vested in 
the King of Prussia, who, in this capacity, 
bears the title ot Deutscher Kaiser, or Em- 
peror of Germany. The reigning emperor 
is Wilhelm II, who ascended the throne 
June 15, 1888. Legislative matters are 
vested in the Buudesratb, or Federal Coun- 
cil, and the Reichstag, or Diet of the Realm. 
The 58 members of tho Bundesrath are 
appointed by the governments of tho indi- 
vidual States for each session, while the 
members of the Reichstag, 397 in number, 
are elected by universal suffrage and ballot. 

Germany had a population December 2, 
1896, of 52,279,901, of which about seven per 
cent are non-Germanic. About sixty-three 



per cent are Protestants, thirty-six per cent 
are Roman Catholics, and one per cent are 
Jews. The Constitution provides for entire 
liberty of conscience and for complete social 
equality among all religious confessions. 

Austria comprises the Empire of Austria 
and the Kingdom of Hungary. The present 
emperor-king is Francis Joseph I, who as- 
cended the throne December 2, 1848. The 
population on Deeembcr31, 1890, was 23,895,- 
413. Of these about seventy-nine per cent 
were Roman Catholics, twelve per cent 
Greek Catholics, two per cent Greek Ori- 
entals, two per cent Evangelicals, and five 
|)cr cent Jews. Full liberty of faith and 
conscience is secured. "The Minister for 
Ecclesiastical Affairs will grunt legal 
recognition to any religious bodies if their 
doctrine, worship, constitution, and desig- 
nation contain nothing illegal or immoral." 

Switzerland is a republic, with a popula- 
tion of about 3,OOD,000. In 1888 2,083,097 
spoke Gerranu, 634,613 French, 155,130 Ital- 
ian, and 38,357 Roumansch. The supreme 
legislative aud executive authority is vested 
in a parliament of two chambers, a Stand* 
erath, or State Council, and a Nationalrath, 
or National Council, the first consisting of 
44 members, the second of 147. The chief 
executive authority is deputed to a BundeB- 
rath, or Federal Council, consisting of seven 
members. The Presidentof Switzerland for 
1899 was Edouard MUller. There is com- 
plete and absolute liberty of conscience and 
creed. About fifty-nine per cent of the pop- 
ulation are Protestants and forty per cent 
Roman Catholics. There are about eight 
thousand Jews. 

Sweden had a population December 31, 
1897, of 5,009,632. Of these about 20,000 
are Finns, 7,000 Lapps, and nearly all the 
bulance are Swedes. The mass of the popu- 
lation adhere to the Lutheran Protestant 
Church, which is 1'eeognized as tho State re- 
ligion. Tho king possesses legislative power 
in matters of political administration, but in 
all other respects that power is exercised by 
the Diet In concert with the sovereign, and 
every new law must have the consent of the 
Crown. The Diet, or Parliament of the 
Realm, consists of two chambers, both 
elected by the people. Tho first chamber 
consists of 150 members, and the second of 
230 members. Tho reigningking is Oscar II, 
who ascended the throne September 18, 1872. 



The Methodist Episcopal Missions in Europe. 



Norway had a population January 1,1891, : 
of 2,000,917. The legislative power la vested 
In the Storthing, which Is divided into two 
bouses, the Lagthing and the Odels thing, 
the former composed of one fourth of the 
members of the Storthing, and the other of 
the remaining three fourths. The executive 
is represented by the king, who exercises \ 
his authority through a Council of State, 
composed of two Ministers of State, and at , 



ate, or Upper House, and the latter a House 
of Commons. 

Finland had a population In 1896 of 2,620,- 
437, consisting of 2,169,000 Finns, 341,500 
Swedes, 7,000 Russians, 1,790 Germans, and 
1,500 Lapps. Religiously there were 2,173,441 
Lutherans, 46,509 adherents of the Greek 
Church, and 487 Roman Catholics. Finland 
has been a part of Russia since 1809, with 
some special privileges and rights, which 



MAP OP 

EUROPE 




least seven councilors. Norway is united 
with Sweden by having the same king. The 
present king is Oscar II, of Sweden. The 
evangelical Lutheran religion is the na- 
tional Church, and the only one endowed 
by the State. All other Christian sects(ex- 
cept Jesuits), as well as the Jews, are tol- 
erated, and free to exercise their religion 
within the limits prescribed by the law and 
public order. 

Denmark had a population in 1890 of 
2,186,335. The established religion is the 
Lutheran, and according to the census of 
1890 there were only 34,000 persons not be- 
longing to the national Church. The reign- 
ing king Is Christian IX, who succeeded to 
the throno November 15, 1863. The legis- 
lative power Is vested in the Rlgsdag, or 
Diet, acting in conjunction with the sover- 
eign. The Rlgsdag comprises the Lands- 
thing, with 66 members, and the Folkethfng, 
with 114 members, the former being a Sen- 



have latelybeen greatly curtailed. The mis- 
sions of the Methodist Church have been 
among the Swedes and Finns. 

Russia is an absolute hereditary mon- 
archy with a population in Europe of 106,191,- 
795, chiefly adherents of the Greek Church, 
Emperor Nicholas II ascended the throne 
November 1, 1894. The only mission of the 
Methodist Church in Russia is a small one 
in St. Petersburg among the Swedes. 

Bulgaria is a principality tributary to 
Turkey with a population in 1893 of 3,310,- 
713. This includes the population of South 
Bulgaria for Eastern Roumelia), numbering 
998,431. The population In 1893 was divided 
according to language into 2,604,336 Bulgars, 
569.728 Turks, 62,628 Roumanians, 58,518 
Greeks, 52,132 Gipsies, 27,531 Spanish -speak- 
ing Jews, 16,290 Tartars, 6,445 Armenians, 
3,620 Germans and Austrians, 1,221 Albani- 
ans, 928 Russians, 905 Czechs, 818 Servians, 
803 Italians, and 3,820 speaking oittiss Ym&.- 



12 



Germany Mission. 



guages. The national faith is that of the 
orthodox Greek Church. Of the population 
in 1893 2,606,786 belonged to the orthodox 
Greek Church, 643,528 were Mohammedans, 
28,307 were Jews, 22,617 were Roman Catho- 
lics, 6,643 were Armenian Gregorians, 2,384 
were Protestants. The reigning ruler is 
Prince Ferdinand, who assumed the gov- 
ernment August 14, 1887. The Methodist 
missions are north of the Balkan mountains. 
The American Board has prosperous mis- 
sions south of the mountains in the part of 
Bulgaria known as Eastern Roumelia. 

Italy had a population estimated, Decem- 
ber 31, 1898„ at 31,667,946. The Roman 
Catholic Church is the ruling State religion. 
Freedom of worship is guaranteed to the 
adherents of all recognized religions. The 
reigning king is Umberto I, who succeeded 
to the throne January 9, 1878. 

In all these European fields the Missionary 
Society of the Methodist Episcopal CJiurch 
has but five foreign male missionaries: One 
in Germany, a professor in the Theological 
School (Rev. A. J. Bucher); one in Bulgaria 
(Rev. T. Constantine); three in Italy (Br. 
William Burt, Dr. N. W. Clark, Rev. F. H. 
Wright). 



Germany Mission. 

THE Germany Mission of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church was commenced in 1849. The Germany 
Conference was organized in 1856 and divided into 
the North Germany and Soath Germany Conferences 
in 1893. The North Germany Conference has some 
appointments in Austria, the most important being 
in Vienna. 

Annual Meeting of North Germany Conference. 

The North Germany Conference was held in Berlin, 
Germany, July 5-11, 1899, Bishop Walden presiding. 
Julius M. O. Gniech, Hermann Zeuner, and Franz 
Havranek were received on trial. Alfred Funk was 
discontinued. Ernst Pucklitsch was reported as 
superannuated. The following were the appoint- 
ments, all being in Germany, except as otherwise in- 
dicated : 

Berlin District.- Karl Schell, P. E. (P. O., Ber- 
lin). Berlin: First Church, C. H. Burkhardt; Second 
Church. Stephen von Bohr; Third Church, KarlSchaar- 
schraidt; Fourth Church, H. P. Wenzol. Breslau, 
Bernliard Keip. Danzig and Elbing, Richard Ram- 
dohr. Glogau, M. G. Kramer. Gorlitz, Bernhard 
Schubert. Graudenz, J. W. B. Haake. Kolberg and Bel- 
gard, E. A. Grotz. Konigsberg, Heinrich Ramke. 
K/wiin and Stolp. P. M. Dletze. Kottbus, F. J. Kolb. 
Liegnitz, J. M. O. Gniech. Magdeburg. Heinrich ' 
Eberle. Neu Ruppln, H. E. Schmeisser. Stettin, Oskar 
Kdhler. Wieu (Austria), H. R. Mfiller, J.- A. W. Ras- 
mussen, Franz Havranek. 

Bremen District. -Dietrich Robr, P. E. (P. 0., 



Bremen). Aurich, Dietrich Bargmann. Bielefeld, Hans 
M&der. Bremen, Philipp Lutz. Bremerhaven, Franz 
Jacob. Delmenhorst and Neerstedt, Ernst Schmidt. 
Dornum and Essen, Johannes Eden. Edewecht and 
Westerstede, A. W. Brand. Flensburg, H. J. R. Wil- 
linghofer. Hamburg : First Church, Jacob Neuhart; 
Second Church, C. W. Matthies. Hanover and Goslar, 
Johann Hllpert Kiel, Paul Pritzlaff. Leer and Rhau- 
derfehn, Friedrich Eilers. Neu Sohoo, Ernst Schtitte. 
Odenburg and Brake, J. H. Barklage. Osnabruck and 
Metten, A. L. Schwing. Vegesack, Franz Klttsner. 
Wilhelmshaven, Bernhard Schroder. P. G. Junker, 
Director of Martin Mission Institute. Johannes 8tei- 
ger, Director of Book Concern. Leonhard Weis, Inspec- 
tor of Bethanien Verein. 

Leipzig District.— Gustav Hempel, P, E. (P. O., 
Leipzig). Annaberg, Oskar Lindner. Cassel aud G&t- 
tlngen, Wilhelm Schtttz. Chemnitz, G. A. Schilde. 
Dresden, F. W. Schaller. Gera and Zeitz, L C Ben- 
dlxen. Greiz, H. W. Meyer. Halle, J. F. Wlesenauer. 
Langenwetzendorf, P. A. Jacob. Leipzig, J. F. Van 
Minden. Plauen and Falkeusteln, Engelbert Wunder- 
lich. Reichenbach, Friedrich Kessler. Saalfeld, Her- 
mann Zeuner. Schleiz, Arthur Vogt Schneeberg and 
Eibenstock, August Prante, F. R. Prltsch. Schwarzen- 
berg, Hermann Bottger. Werdau, E. C. Anner. Wil- 
kau, Ferdinand Schmidt. Zschopau and Dittersdorf, 
August Hilner. Zwickau, R. R. Neupert. 

The statistics of the North Germany Conference re- 
ported 5,488 members, an increase of 825 ; 2,785 pro- 
bationers, an increase of 821 ; 8,767 Sunday school 
scholars, an increase of 869. During the year 248 
children were baptized. 

PRESIDING ELDERS 9 REPORTS. 

Bremen District comprises 18 circuits and sta- 
tions, and 87 preaching places, with 2,103 members. 
The number of attendants at the services has con- 
siderably increased in most of the appointments, 
and all of them, with few exceptions, report con- 
versions. The Sunday schools are well attended, 
and report 2,820 scholars. The parents of many of 
the scholars do not belong to the Methodist Church. 
The mother congregation in Bremen will celebrate 
her golden jubilee next year, and the Annual Con- 
ference will be held here as a jubilee Conference. 
Cushaven was taken up as a new appointment and 
is doing well. Delmenhorst has one of the best so- 
cieties, which builds itself up mostly with the chil- 
dren of the members. The first church in Hamburg 
reports 177 members, an increase of 6. The con- 
gregations are good. The second church in Ham- 
burg has a membership of 188, Increased during the 
year from 114. There was a revival in which many 
were converted and 22 received on trial. The dea- 
conesses of the Bethanian Verein are very helpful 
supporters of the work in every way. In Hanover 
the work is young but growing stronger. 

Leipzig District reports a large number of con- 
versions, 506 persons received on trial, and a net in- 
crease of 248 members. During the past ten years 
there has been a net increase of 1,500 members on 
the district. There are 66 Sunday schools, with 3,477 
children. Much opposition and police restraint are 
experienced. Children in Saxony are not allowed 
to enter our Sunday schools, who with their parents 



14 



Germany Mission. 



have not formally severed their relations with the 
8tate Church. The penalty for disobedience is a 
fine of from 50 to 150 marks upon preachers and 
Sunday school superintendents. The officials in 
most of the localities manifest little inclination to 
proceed against offenders in this respect. In Dres- 
den the work has been steadily growing and 17 
hare been received on trial. Zwickau passed 
through a year of difficulties because of the unrest 
created by a young preacher, who had to be sus- 
pended from his work because of false doctrines. 
Forty- two members left our church with him, and 
this gap could not be filled up by the 24 probation- 
ers. Wilkau has the largest Sunday school, in which 
are 800 children. Most of the appointments are 
prospering. 

Berlin District had 450 conversions during the 
year, and a net increase of 840 members. No circuit 
reported a decrease, and all financial requirements 
were fulfilled. Prosperous churches have sprung up 
in Danzig, Breslau, Konigsberg, and Llegnitz during 
the last three years, and we are commencing in 
Grandenz and Elbing. In Llegnitz we commenced 
two years ago, and the members raise all their local 
requirements and the salary of a married minister. 
In Berlin there has been an increase of 51 members. 
Vienna, Austria, has had a very prosperous year. 
The congregations are good, and the society shows 
a net increase of 54. We have taken up work in 
Hungary and Moravia. Three places in Hungary 
have asked for preachers. There are ten circuits on 
the Berlin District that have no chapels, and rent 
must be paid for halls. We pay 9,710 marks rent, 
and 4,520 marks for preachers' lodgings. The con- 
tributions amounted to 50,923 marks, an increase of 
8,894 marks. 

Annual Meeting South Germany Conference. 

The Annual Meeting of the South Germany Con 
ference was held at Pirmasens, Germany, June 
21-27, 1899, Bishop Walden presiding. Jacob F. 
Schmeisser and Karl C. G. Jahnke were received on 
trial. Ernst H. Gebhardt had died. C. G. Dietrich, 
Arnold Sulzberger, Jacob Conzelmann were reported 
as superannuated. The following were the appoint- 
ments, all being in Germany : 

Frankfurt District.— Jacob Kaufmann, P. E. 
(P. O., Darmstadt). Boun and Siegburg, Gott- 
lieb Rieker. Darmstadt, Gustav Notzold. Elber- 
feld, Karl Dobereiner. First Church of Frankfurt, 
Friedrich Rosen. Second Church of Frankfurt, S. E. 
Gebhardt. Friedrichsdorf and Bombach, Conrad Walz. 
Hanau, George Bock. Heidelberg and Sinshelm, E. A. 
Schilling. Kalserslautern, August Kuuz. Koln and 
Dusseldorf, Wilhelm Ekert, J. F. Schmeisser. Kreuz- 
uach and Mandel, Karl Wendt. Mannheim, Adolf 
Scharff. Marburg, J. A. Berber. Siegen, Friedrich 
Brandle. Simmern. Wilhelm Kuder. .Wetzlar and 
Giessen, Karl Urech. Wiesbaden, August Bacnlckel. 
Professor in Martin Mission Institute, Richard Wobith. 
Editor of Evangelist, P. I. Gninwald. 

Heilbronn District.— Jacob Harle. P. E. (P. 
O., Heilbronn). Ansbach, Friedrich Ruck. Bay- 
reuth, G. H. Dorn. Bellsteln, Jacob Dlener. Ble- 
tigheim, to be supplied. Furth and Erlanger, G. F. 
Ruck. Hall, August Wlesenauer. Heilbronn, Carl 



Burkhardt, Karl Klein. Hof , Erail Rohner. KIrchberg, 
G. W. Hotmeister. Marbach, Christian Steinmetz. 
Neuhuten, to be supplied. Nurnberg: Maxthor Church, 
Adolf Theis; Paulus Church, J. F. Ruck. Ochringen, 
Ludwig Schnell. Othmarsheim, G. H. Funck. Pre- 
vost, August Rucker. Welnsberg, Simon Bernlocher. 
Wurzburg and Schweinfurt, Martin Steck. Inspector 
of Martha Maria Verein, G. J. Ekert 

Karlsruhe District.— Johann Renner. Alten- 
steig, August GommeL Bergzebern, Paul Huber. 
Caleo, Christian Schwarz. Colmar, Theophil Mann. 
Freudenstadt, Christoph Jeutter. Heimsheim. Chris- 
tian Soil. Karlsruhe, Gottfried Surer. Knittllngen. 
Wilhelm Firl. Lahr, Christian Raith. Nagold, Wil- 
helm Stelnbrenner. Pforzheim, Johannes Walz. Pir- 
masens, Heinrich Rieker. Speyer and Hockenheim, 
A. G. Bruns. Strassburg, Wilhelm Scoz. Valhingen 
and Enz, Wilhelm Klelnknecht. Weissach, Johann 
Spill. Zweibrucken, Jacob BartholomaL 

Stuttgart District.— Heinrich Mann, P. E. (P.O., 
Cannstatt). Augsburg, G. C. Beutenmuller. Back- 
nan g, A. F. Bopple. Cannstatt, G. A. Schneider. 
Ebinger, Martin Reichert. Echlerdlngen, Matthaus 
Class. Herrenberg, Ludwig Mann. Ludwlgsburg, 
Eduard Raumann. Munchen, Karl Konig. Ruders- 
berg. Karl Langner. Schorndorf and Gmund, Gott- 
fried Weller. Sindelflngen, Georg Rexroth. Stutt- 
gart, Jacob Urech. Ferdinand Vogelmann. Sulzbach, 
K. C. Weiss, rim, Ludwig Lopple. Waiblingen, C. F. 
Beutenmuller, K. C. G. Jahnke. Welzhelm, J. C. 
Konig. Winnenden, Christian Wlesenauer. Chaplain 
in Peter Bohler Church, London, J. J.Sommer. Mis- 
sionary in Klein Popo, West Africa, KarlUlrich. Mis- 
sionary in Raluaua, New Pommern, Heinrich Fell- 
man n. 

The statistics of the South Germany Conference 
reported 8,161 members, an increase of 850; 1,600 
probationers, an increase of 10; 12,458 Sunday 
school scholars, an increase of 1,033. During the 
year 207 children and 8 adults were baptized. 

PRESIDING ELDERS* REPORTS. 

Frankfurt District reports blessed progress. 
The services are attended by 8,485 persons. There 
are 1,658 members, and 426 probationers, with an 
increase of 148. The Sunday schools are prospering, 
and report 966 boys and 1,479 girls. Of these only 
899 are above twelve years of age. About 500 
attend the public services, 156 receiving instruction 
in the Catechism ; 287 adults and 70 children pro- 
fessed conversion. The receipts of the district are 
48,477 marks, an increase of 5,708 marks. The pas- 
tors endeavor to train the new converts as soon as 
possible for work, and introduce the probationers 
into classes among which they are divided. Much 
attention is paid to the young peoples' and other 
societies. It is much regretted that many souls con- 
verted under the pastors neglect to join the church, 
and being in want of proper care often fall from grace. 

Stuttgart District reports that on most of the 
circuits there has been some progress. Three of the 
circuits have had a small decrease, one circuit the 
same number, and all the other circuits a good in- 
crease. There are 2,432 members, a net increase of 
72 members. Our members contributed during the 
year 45,818 marks. The Sunday schools report an 
increase of 870 scholars. 



16 



The Switzerland Mission. 



Hmlbrown District reports that of the 18 cir- 
cuits 4 reported a decrease of 28 members, 2 reported 
the same number, the others showed an increase of 
104. During the year there were 295 conversions. 
Out of the 3,072 Sunday school pupils 2,218 are 
children of people not members of the Methodist 
Church, and commencing with the twelfth year, must 
receive instruction from the State Church. The 99 
local preachers and 47 exhorters are of great assist- 
ance to the 18 pastors. The union of the German 
branch of the Wesleyan Church with the Methodist 
Episcopal Church has continued to be a blessing. 
The prayer meetings are well attended, and the class 
meetings in most places are in blessed use. 



bationers, a decrease of 04 ; 18,266 Sunday aohoal 
scholars, a decrease of 86. During the year 21ft chil- 
dren and 3 adults were baptised. 

PRESIDING ELDERS* REPORTS. 



The Switzerland Mission. 

THE Switzerland Conference includes the work in 
Switzerland and those portions of France where 
the German language is spoken. The Mission was 
commenced in 1856 by preachers from Germany, and 
remained part of the Germany Conference until it 
was organized as a separate Conference June 24, 

1886. 

Annual. Meeting. 

The Switzerland Conference was held in Lausanne, 
Switzerland, June 7-12, 1899, Bishop Walden presid- 
ing, fritz Bangerter and Andreas Ragettli were re- 
ceived on trial. Johannes Beerli was discontinued. 
Ludwig Brandle was reported as supernumerary and 
Heinrich Nuelsen, Johannes Schneebeli and Kasper 
Glattle as superannuated. The following were the 
appointments, all being in Switzerland : 

Bern District.— Gottfried Bar, P. E. (P. O., Bern). 
Basel : First Church, J. U. Wuhrman, Martin Buhrer; 
8econd Church. Jacob Strassler. Bern, Jacob Sporri. 
Biel, Heinrich Huber. Geneva, Karl Honegger. Herzo- 
genbuchsee, Heinrich Brunner. La Chaux-de-Fonds, 
J. A. Hertig. Langnau, to be supplied. Lausanne, 
KarlThiele. Lieste I, Albert Lien hard, Lyes and Gren- 
chen, Albert Kagi. Neuchatel, J. G. Sporri. St. Imler, 
R. E. Grob. Sissach, Bernhard Schroder. Soloturn, 
Heinrich Welti. 

St. Gallen District. -Eduard Hug, P. E. (P. O., 
Welnfelden). Chur, Friedrich Oppllger. Eschlicon, 
Gottfried Alder. Frauenfeld, H. A. Gut 
Johannes Harle. Niederutzwyl, H. G. Odlnga. Rhel- 
neck, Edmund Diem. St. Gallen, R. G. Richner. 
Schaffhausen, Abraham Lerch. Schleitheim, Jacob 
Lobrer. Stein, Herman Bosch. Teuffen, Andreas Rup- 
panner. 

Zurich District.— Leonard Peter, P. E. (P. O., 
Zurich). Aarau and Zolfingen, Friedrich Deppeler, Paul 
Deppeler. Adllsweil, Gottfried Kraus. Affoltern, 
Christian Knoll. Bulach, Ernest Lelnhard. Horgan, 
E. M. Bauer. Lenzburg, Jacob Zolliker. Oerlikon. 
Ulrich Bosch. Thalweil, August Rodemeyer, Fritz 
Bangerter. Turbenthal and Wald, G. A. Marquart. 
Uster, Jacob Kleiner. Wetzikon, Adolf Hunziker. 
Winterthur, Johannes Wettteln, J. F. Oppliger. Zu- 
rich, First Church. Gottfried Fret, Wllhelm Bollier, An- 
dreas Ragettli; Third Church. Heinrich Kienast. E. C. 
Schmidtmann, Director of Book Concern. A. J. Bucher, 
Professor in Martin Mission Institute. 

The statistics of the Switzerland Conference re- 
ported 7,250 members, an increase of 249 ; 1,094 pro- 



Zurich District consists of 14 circuits with 83 
preachers, 88 other helpers, 8,710 members, 487 
probationers. The collections the past year 
amounted to 181,000 francs. There are 118 Sunday 
schools with 0,281 children. About 1,800 of the 
scholars are children of parents who are members of 
our Church. Many of the scholars attend the weekly 
Bible and Catechism classes, and are also members 
of the mission and tract societies. There are 18 
chapels and 4 parsonages. In Zurich there are 8 
chapels with 4 preachers, 1,000 members, 2,000 Sunday 
school scholars, a Book Concern, and a house for 
deaconesses. The work in Zurich has a fine prospect. 
The deaconess work is prospering and the 20 dea- 
conesses are doing much good. We try to engage 
every member in some work of the mission, enrolling 
them in different societies of the Church. 

Bern District embraces 15 circuits in which 5 
are territory where French is spoken. Here we 
preach the Gospel to the German-speaking popula- 
tion and to the German foreigners who settle here 
for a time. Our Sunday schools suffer from the con- 
founding of languages. The children are accustomed 
to speaking French and are obliged to do so at 
school, so they soon forget the mother language. 
On the 15 circuits are 85 preaching stations, 16 pas- 
tors, 2 helpers, 4 local preachers, and 25 exhorters. 
During the past year there were received ^318 on trial 
and 443 in full membership, making the number on 
trial 855 and in full membership 2,292. The free 
contributions amounted to 110,918 francs. New 
chapels were erected at Llestel, Langnau, and Wal- 
perswyl. The 57 Sunday schools have 5,447 chil- 
dren, of whom not more than one fifth have parents 
who are members of our Church. The State Church 
having received a good number of converted and de- 
vout young pastors is doing better work for their 
people than formerly. 

St. Gallen District reports 11 circuits with 11 
Herisau I pastors, 1 helper, 3 local preachers. 17 exhorters, 51 
preaching places, 1,239 members, and 192 proba- 
tioners. On every circuit there have been conver- 
sions and about 180 of them became probationers. 
The liberality of the people is great and they hare 
contributed 50,917 francs for self-support. In the 60 
Sunday schools there are 3,549 scholars. We have 
increased our church property by three chapels and 
one house. 



The Sweden Mission. 

THE Sweden Mission was commenced in 1854, and 
organized as a Conference August 2, 1870. It 
includes the kingdom of Sweden. 

Annual Meeting. 

The Sweden Conference was held in Linkoping, 
Sweden, August 9-15, 1899, Bishop, Walden presid- 
ing. William Bergdahl, Herman W. Gustafsson, 
Ernst W. A. Hulphero, J oh an Hurtig, Erik Linander, 



wn 




18 



The Sweden Mission. 



Gustaf Lindqviflt, Karl Lindstrom, Johan Melin, 
Axel A. Rosenberg, Edwin Strom berg were received 
on trial. Karl M. Norberg was discontinued. Carl J. 
Johansson had died. Emil £. Landin had with- 
drawn. Adolph F. Svensson withdrew under com- 
plaints. Anders Sigurdson and K. L. Landqvist 
were reported as supernumerary ; J. P. Danielsson, 
M. P. Lindqvist, C. A. Andersson, N. P. Sandell, 
Johannes Nilson, L. G. Berglund, P. G. Bergdahl, 
Gustavus Fredengren, I. G. Finerus, J. P. Larsson, 
Carl Wallenius, N. J. Holmqvist as superannuated 
preachers. The following were the appointments, 
all being in Sweden : 

Gotland Distbict.-^J. M. Erikson, P. E. (P. O., 
Stockholm). Burgsvik and Hemse, to be supplied. Klin- 
tehamn and Tofta, J. E. Eriksson. Oestergarn, to be 
supplied. Roma, Johan Melin. Slite and Kappelshamn, 
Peter Jeppsson. Visby, Theodor Magner. 

Norrbotten District.— Johannes Roth, P. E. 
(P. O., Lulea). Luela and Boden, Johannes Roth. 
Malmberget, August Rockberg. 

Northern District.— K. A. Wik, P. E. (P. O., 
Upsala). Arboga, J. E. Hendriksson. A vesta, August 
Warms. Borl&nge, Gustaf Petersson. Eskiltuna, Josef 
Magnusson. Fagersta, P. A. Larsson. Falun, August 
Eklund. Forsbacka and Valbo, K. A. G. Fridholm. 
Geffle: 8t Matteus, E. A. W. Schtttz; St. Peter's, G. A. 
Gustafsson. Grangesberg, to be supplied. Heby and 
Sala, Erik Linander. Karlsholm, to be supplied. Rop- 
ing, B. A. Carlson. Korsn&s, to be supplied. Kungsor, 
K. E. Lundell. Lindesberg, F. G. Holmgreu. Mora and 
Orsa, August Nilsson. Norberg and Hogfors. Albert 
Lofgren. Odensvi, S. J. H. Blelstein. Oeregrund, Nils 
Sten strom. Oestersund, to be supplied. Sandviken, 
Johan Berg. Skutsk&r, P. A. Kropp. Sund, Nils Liuid- 
b&ck. Sundsvall, K. J. Tornblom. Upsala, Gustav 
Wagnusson. Vesteras, A. G. Andersson. J. E. Edman, 
Principal; P. F. Envall, Professor, in Theological 
School at Upsala. 

Southern District.- Carl Ljunggren, P. E. (P. O., 
Stockholm). Ankersrum, to be supplied. Bjuf, Wilhelm 
Bergdahl. Boxholm, Anders Jons son. Delary, to be sup- 
plied. Eksjo, Anders Nektman. Falerun, to be supplied. 
Helsingborg, Anders GrOnblad. Hvetlanda, H. W. Gus- 
tafsson. Kalmar, C. O. P. LI nd strom. Karlshamn, Johan 
SjOberg. Karlskrona, Jens Pedersen. Landskrona, O. 
R. Richter Limhamn, A. R. Sandberg. Linkoping Karl 
Lundgren. Loftahammar and Vraka, to be supplied 
Lund, C. J. Eklund. Malmo, K. M. Lindh. Monsteras, 
Johan Hurtig. Mnrko, Anders Andersson. Nassjo, to 
be supplied. Norkoping: Bethel, A. F. Liljenberg; 
North, R. A. Wohlby. Nykoping, J. A. Ohstrom. Os- 
karshamn, A. W. Norman. Raa, to be supplied. Skruf, 
Carl Carlsson. Sodertelge. to be supplied. Stockholm: 

* St Johannes, to be supplied ; St. Mark us, K. J. Hurtig; 
St Paul's, August Schon ; St Peter's, C. P. Carlsson ; 
Trinity, Fredrik Ahgren. Vestervik, J. T. Janson; 
Vexio, Johan Johansson. J. M. Erikson, Editor of 

• Conference papers. 

Western District.— K. A. Jansson, P. E. (P. O., 
Stockholm). Alingsas, to be supplied. Amal and 
Tflsse, E. W. A. Hulphers. Atorp, A. G. Eglund. 
Bengtsfors, Otto Magnusson. Bofors, Emil Runfeldt 
Boras, F. H. Lellky. Degerfors, August Berg. Fal- 
kfiplng, Edwin 8trf>mberg. Filipstad, Gustaf Lindqvist. 
Grams and Nor, A. A. Rosenberg. Goteborg: Efraim, 
J. Z. Wlckman ; Emanuel, Axel Engstrom ; St Jacob's 
K. E. Norstrom; St Peter's, Wilhelm Andersson. 
Hallsberg and Kumla, K. A. Samuelsson. Halmstad, 



Nils Lellky. Hilbringsberg and Arvika, Emanuel Nils- 
son. Jonkoplng, Gustaf Lindstrom. Karlanda, to be 
supplied. Karlstad, Nils Lindstrom. Krlstinehamn, 
Hjalmar Strdmberg. Kungsbacka and Walda, J. A. 
Enander. Laxa, Leonard Peterson. Lekhyttan, Peter 
Adelholm. LidkOping, L. O. Ring. Lotorp and Sons- 
torp, K. O. Thorsell. Motala, Konrad Winqvist 
Munkfors, Carl Hultgren. Orebro, J. A. RudstrGm. 
Ronneshytta, to be supplied. Seffle, F. W. Hahne. 
Stromstad, Karl Lindstrom. Trollh&ttan, A. F. Hag- 
lund. Hjalmar Berqvist, Erland BJdrnberg, J. W. 
Haggman, G. A. Hlden, Alvin Janzon, Herman Babe, 
N. J. Rosen, A. S. Hultqvist, J. E. Jarl, Missionaries 
in Finland. 

The statistics of the Sweden Conference reported 
15,517 members, an increase of 159 ; 1,835 probation- 
ers, a decrease of 216 ; 18,231 Sunday school schol- 
ars, an increase of 57. During the year 280 children 
and 2 adults were baptized. 



The Norway Mission. 

THE Norway Mission was commenced in 1858 and 
organized as a Conference August 17, 1878. 
The Conference includes the Kingdom of Norway. 

Annual Meeting. 

The Norway Conference was held in Kristiana, 
Norway, July 26- August 1, 1899, Bishop Walden pre- 
siding. Jorgen C. Iversen and Sofus C. Sorensen 
were received on trial. Johan Houen was deposed 
from the ministry. The orders of John W. Price, 
an elder in the Friends Church, were recognized. 
O. M. Lokke was reported as supernumerary, and K. 
J. Wahlstrom and Peter Olsen as superannuated. 
The following appointments were made, all being in 
Norway : 

Bergen District.— Ole Olsen, P. E. (P. O., Lange- 
sund). Arendal, Ananias Gundersen. Bergen : First 
Church, Anton Rynning ; Wesley, J. P. Thornfts. Bre- 
vik, Ole Krogsrud. Ekersund, Erik Oervik. Fteke- 
ford and Lister, to be supplied. Haugesund, C. V. 
Duckert. Kragero, Severin Kristoffersen. Kristian- 
sand, Christian Andersen. Larvik, A. F. F. Foss. Pors- 
grund, Nils Jonassen. Sandefjord, C. P. Rund. Skien, 
Bernhard Svendsen. Stavanger and Sandn&s, Gustav 
Smedstad. Voss, to be supplied. 

Kristiana District.— Anders Olsen, P. E. (P. O., 
Meltzersgade 15, Kristianla). Dram men, S. S. Haave. 
Fredrlkshald, Johan Thorkildsen. Fredrikstad, Chris- 
tlan Torjussen. Had Hand, to be supplied. Hamar, H. 
K. Madsen. Honefos, Johannes Wiel. Horten, Mar- 
tineus Olsen. Kjolberg, Lars Jensen. Kristiana: Fifth 
Church, Jens Johannessen; First Church, T. B. Bar- 
ratt. Fourth Church, Christian Fredriksen; Second 
Church, Johannes Olsen ; Third Church, Gustav Guil- 
liksen. Lillestrommen, Joachim Petersen. Moss, 8. 
J. Sorensen. Mysem and Askim. A. C. Oedegaard. 
Odalen, tone supplied. Sarpsborg, J. P. Lie. Sauggrftn- 
den, P. M. Thomas. Tistedalen, to be supplied. T6ns- 
berg, Howard Walle. Emil Halvorsen. Editor of A'rte- 
tileg Tldende and Boriit-vennen. Chrlstoffer Larsen* 
Director of Book Concern. Johan Thorkildsen, Direc- 
tor of Theological School. Bernt Jorgensen, Sunday 
School Agent. T. B. Barratt. Superintendent of Dea» 
cofiess Work. 

Trondhjem District.— Helge Ristvedt, P. E. (P. 
O., Molde). Aalesund, O. I. Johannessen. Bodo, L. 



The Norway Mission. 



NOBTH NOBWAt 

i fm a . 




B. Paulsen. Hammerfnst. Sflren Sorensen. Kristian- 
sund, Klkanl Johauneflsen. Lovanger, Julius Hols tad. 
Molde, Hclgi'lilstvedt. SJonen. to be supplied, r 
to, Abraham Andersen. Trondhjem, B. G. Kognerud. 
Andreas Halversen, Temperance Agent. Anton Baa 
Anton Christeiisen, J. J. Chrlslenaen, Laust Chrlstei 
sen, S. N". Gaarde, Hans Hansen, J. H. Jacobson, Chrl 
Uan Jensen, P. M. 8. Jensen, 8. K. Jobanseo, L. C 
Larseu. Christian Nielsen, Johauu Nielsen, X. P. Ne| 
sen, Laurltz Petersen, Bastuus Petersen, C. J. s 
Thaarun. Emit Nielsen, Peter Basmussen, J. C. Re 
sen, 8. C. sarensen— members of the Denmark Missioi 

The statistics of the Norway Conference reported 
5,309 members, an. increase of 25 ; 530 probationers, 
a decrease of 116; 6,374 Sunday school scholars, a 
decrease of 335. During the year 362 children and 1 
adult were baptized. 

The pastors and members in Norway are devout, 
self- sacrificing, and energetic ; a valuable religions 
force, quickening the State church, leading the tem- 
perance movement and other reforms. 



The Denmark Mission. 
work In Denmark was commenced in 
1S5T and organized as a Mission In 1669. The 
Mission Includes the Kingdom of Denmark, with Its 
central station at the city of Copenhagen. 



M IB 



The Annual Meeting was held in Randers, July 
19-33, 1890, Bishop Walden presiding. Sofua C. 
Sorensen and Jorgen C. Ivcrson were received on 
trial. The statistics reported 3,070 members, an in- 
crease of 131 ; 347 probationers, an increase of 3 ; 
4,449 Sunday school scholars, an increase of 483. 
During the year 153 children were baptized. The 
following were the appointments, all being in Den- 
mark, and all the preachers pembere of the Norway 
Conference : 

J. J. Christ us hex, Superintendent 

Copenhagen District.— J. J. Christens en, P, K. 
(P. O., 8vendborg>. Bornholm (P. 0., Neio), Lauretx 



The Denmark Mission. 




Petersen. Copenhagen: Bethania, N. P. Nielsen; St ] 
Markus, Christian Jensen, Rasmus Petersen. Kal- \ 
lundborg, J. H. Jaoobaon. I.angeland (P. (.)., Rudkjop- 
ing), S. N. Uaarde. Offense and Faaborg. Anton IlasL i 
Svendborg, J. J. Cbrlstensen. Editor Sundagstkvletv, 
8. N. Gaarde. Editor Vaarbud. Anton Ba.iL 

Jutland north District.— L. C. Larsen, P. E. 
(P. 0., Aalborg). Aalborg, I.. C. Larsen. Fredrlcks- 
havn, P. M. 8. Jensen. HJorrlng, Laust Corlstenaen. 
Lokken, Christian Nielsen, Rnnders, S. K. Johansen. 
Editor XrUUIlg Talamand, L. C. Larsen. Director 
Theological School, 3. K. Johauaeu. 

Jutland South Distbict.— C J. M. Thaarup, P. 
E. (P. 0., Aarhus). Aarhus, C. J. M. Thaarup. Esb- 
Jerg and Give, to be supplied. Hotstebro, Jens Nielsen. 
Horsena and Honisyld, Hans Hansen. Vaarde, Peter 
Yelle, Anton Christeuscu. Director of 
rn.C. J. M. Tnaarup. 



Finland md 

MISSION work was commenced In Finland among 
the Swedes in 1884, and afterward extended to 
work among the Finns In Finland and to Swedes 
and Finns in St. Petersburg, Russia. The work was 
organized into a Mission In 1802. 

We have no particulars respecting the Annual 
Meeting and the appointments [except the statistics), 
and no report from the superintendent. The statis- 
tics report 673 members, an increase of 49 ; 350 pro- 
bat loners, a decrease of 11 ; 974 Sunday school schol- 
ars, a decrease of 34. During the year 19 children 
wen baptised. 



The 'Bulgaria Mies 

MISSION work In Bulgaria wi 
1857, but has been much interrupted by war, 
and by a discontinuance of missionary supervision. 
The Mission was organized as a Mission Conference 
in 1893. 

Annual Meeting. 
Tbe Bulgaria Mission Conference was held at Kust- 
chuk, Bulgaria, May 11-18, 1899, Bishop Walden 
presiding, J. I. Economoff and K. 6. Palamldoff 
were reported as supernumerary, and Gabriel Eiieff 
as superannuated. The following were the appolnt- 

LoYETcHDlsTBlrT.-M. D. Delchefl.P. E. Orcbana, 
to be supplied. Pleven, K. (i. Falaniidoff. Pleven Cir- 
cuit, Bancho TodorolT. Sevllevo and Gabrovo, A. P. 
Mesbkofl. Tirnovo, Pavel TodorolT. 

Rustchuk District.— TrlcoConsIantine.P.E. Lom- 
palanca, Peter Vasileff. Rustchuk and Hotantza, Ste- 
phen Thomoff, Stephen Getchofl. Sltlstrta and Tutra- 
kau, Ivan DlmltroD. Slstov Circuit, Z. G. Dlmitroff. 
Varna Circuit, Ivan Todoroff. Director of Publica- 
tions, Trlco Constantlne. Editor of Publications, Ste- 
phen Thomiiff. 

Kate B. Blackburn, Principal, and Lydia A. Diem, 
Assistant Principal of the Girls' School (W. F. M. S.) 
BtLovetcb, 

Tbe statistics reported 211 members, 30 probation- 
ers, and 337 Sunday school scholars, being a gain 
of 10 members, a loss of 10 probationers, ana a loss 
of 7 Snnday school scholars. There are 8 churches, 
valued at (18,175, and 6 parsonages, valued at 



The Bulgaria Mission. 



(18,813. During the year there bad been 33 children 
baptized, and the collections wen : For missions, 
$13.40; Charcl) extension, *53.80; Tract Society, 
14.80 ; Education, ti ; American Bible Society, #3.60 ; 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, (43 ; Episco- 
pal Fund, 94.40; otbec benevolent collections, 
1102.40 ; current expenses, 1341.60; support of pas- 
tors, (433. 20. 



Lovbtcb District.— In Lovetch special meetings 
of a revival character were held for three weeks. 
Some of the young members here puffer severe perse- 
cution. In Pleven there are some young people who 
attend preaching regularly, but the need of a suita- 
ble place for preaching is greatly felt. In Dubnlk 
the services have been held Id the private house of a 



Two of the pupils have joined the Church on proba- 
tion and 16 are members of the Epworth L 
the Hotantsa school are SI pupils. 



The Italy 1 



THE Italy Mission was commenced In 18T1 and or- 
ganised as a Conference March IB, 1881. It In- 
cludes the kingdom of Italy and those parts of con- 
tiguous countries where the Italian language ia 
spoken. The foreign missionaries are : Rev. William 
Burt, D.D., and wife, Rev. N. Walling Clark, D.D., and 
wife. Rev. F. H. Wright and wife ; W. F. H. S.: HIM 
Emma H. Hall, Miss M. Ella Vlckery, Was Ida It 

Assi:*l Meeting. 
The Italy Conference was held in Bologna, Italy. 




godly Stundlst who was driven out of Russia. 
Sevlievo Brother G. Elieff, In spite of advanced years 
and leeble health, has held regular services. InTir- 
novo the church has been well Oiled and the pastor 
has exerted an influence upon the higher and more 
Intelligent classes. 

Rcstchuk District.— In HotanUa there are 5 
Methodist families, 4 Baptist families, and 2 Luth- 
eran families, and they worship together In the hum- 
ble Methodist chapel. Lorn Is the most prosperous 
charge In the district, and there have been several 
additions. Rustchnk has not prospered, except In 
the Sunday school. Shumen, on special occasions, 
gives good congregations. The nnsultable room for 
services in Sllistrta is a drawback to the work. Sls- 
tov Is the seat of a state commercial college, and the 
young meu like to attend the Methodist meetings. 
The work in the village of Hlbelli, near Slslov, Is 
promising, and a lot has been bought on which we 
desire to build a church and parsonage. Varna ex- 
hibits great spiritual stagnation. Dobritch and 
Baltcblk hare given some encouragement. Varna, 
besides the Methodist pastor, bus four Armenian 
preachers, all of whom can use the Turkish and one 
the Russian language. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary school In l.o- 
vetch reports 53 pupils, of whom 34 are boarders. 



May 24-30, 1899, Bishop Walden presiding Ugo 

Baioli, Guiscppl Paciarelll, Pietro Innocent!, and 
Blaorgt L'arrarl were received on trial, Giovanni B. 
Castellani and Armando Carmagnole were discon- 
tinued. E. E. Powell was reported as supernumer- 
ary; Pietro Tagil ala tela and DanieleGay as superan- 
nuated. The appointments were as follows : 

BoLOONADiHTBicT.-CrlsanzoBamblnl.P.E. Adria, 
to be supplied. Bologna, Vlttorio Hani. Dovadola. to 
be supplied. ForllandFaenza, Angnsto Maninl. First 
Church of Milan, Alfredo Tag 11a I ate la. Second Church 
of Milan, Angela Pennluetti. Modenaand Reggto, Ber- 
nardo Braehetto. Pavla, Valentino Ambrosinl. Trieste 
(Austria), Felice Dardl. Venli*, to be supplied. Direc- 
tor of Industrial Institute, Win. Burt (in America on 
furlough). 

Naples Dimtiiict. — Eduardo Staslo, P. E. (P. O., 
Naples). Atessa, Umbrrto Sarubbl. Burl, llicardo 
Sanii. Foggia. to be supplied. Naples, Eduardo Stasia 
Palermo, to be supplied. Splnaizola and Vlnosa, (Jiu- 
seppl Paplarelll. 

Bonn District. -N. w. Clark, P. E. (P. O.. Rome). 
Florence, Constantlne Folllo. Perugia, to be supplied. 
Pisa and Poutadera, Vincnzo Nitti. First Church of 
Rome, Antonio Bel train). Second Church of Rome 
(American), to be supplied. Term, to be supplied. 
Theological School, S. W. Clark, President; Paolo 
'lay. Vice President; Aristldes Prizzlero. Director ot 
Boys' School and Publications. X. W. Clark. Editor: 



The Italy Mission. 



Paolo Gay and Salratore MussoGulli, Assistant Edi- 
tors ol Publications. 

Hwitzeblamd Distbict.— Eduardo Tourn, P. E. 
<P. 0., Lausanne, Switzerland). Geneva, Eduardo 
Tagllalatela. Lausanne, Eduardo Tourn. Neuchatel, 
Rlsorgl Carmrl. 

Tub in Distbict.— Glacomo Carboneri, P. E. (P. O., 
Turin). Alessandria, Giovanni Pons. Genoa, Dome n \ cp 
Polslnelll. San Mariano and Colosso, Fletro Inno- 
cent!. Sestri and Pegli, UgO Bazoli. Turin, Glacomo 
Carboneri. 

The statistics reported 1,050 members, an Increase 
of 174; 680 probationers, an Increase of 166; 1,103 
Sunday school scholars, an Increase of 39. Doting 
the year 60 children and 7 adults were baptized and 
657 were reported. In the Theological School are IS 
students; in the 3 High Schools are 17* pupils ; In the 
15 other day schools are 846 scholars. There are 11 
churches and chapels valued at $163,300; parson- 
ages or homes, valued at (132,100, and other prop- 
erty valued at (40,000. The debt on real estate Is 
$96,400. There are 18 native ordained preachers, 16 
native unordalned preachers, 29 native teachers, 
and 94 other helpers. 




Bologna District.— There was an Increase of 
members In most of the appointments. A new 
church was erected at Adria of modest proportions, 
and lighted by electricity. New work was begun at 
Trieste, Austria, where we now have 27 active mem- 
bers, 5 probationers, 15 Sunday school scholars, and 
50 adherents. The people have raised (340 for ex- 
penses and (600 for repairs and f nmishlngs for the 
rented chapel. 

Nap-lbs Distbict.— In 1897 there were on the dis- 
trict 173 members; in 1808, 313; In 1899, 378. In 
several of the charges there has been an Increase 
In the number of Sunday school scholars. Our ad- 
herents are also Increasing. We are giving special 
attention to Italian Immigrants who have been con- 
verted in the United Stales and have come back to 



live In their native towns In Italy. The Holy Spirit 
is working In the midst of the churches. 

Rome Distbict. — Our relations with other de- 
nominations have been most cordial. All our Sun- 
day schools are progressing. In the Young Ladles' 
International School under Hiss Vlckery have been 15 
boarders and 63 day scholars, and the receipts for the 
year were $3,317.95. There is needed a new building 
for this school large enough to accommodate at least 
50 young lady boarders and 300 day pupils. Good 
work has been done In the "Girls' Home School," 
which has 59 pupils, and Its receipts (or the year were 
(869.85. The Boys' College in Rome Is steadily ad- 
vancing under the directorship of Brother Frittiero. 
There have been 88 students, and the receipts were 
(3,812.25. The Isabella Day Nursery has had 110 
children enrolled, and the receipts of the year were 
(181. The Boys' Industrial School in Venice la 
doing well. There haa been needed a Home of 
Refuge tor Priests who from motives of conscience 
wished to leave the Papal Church. Through the 
help of some ladles in England who have collected 
funds a committee has been formed, and the Priests' 
Home has been opened and the Lord Is blessing It. 
On all the churches in the district, both in Swltser- 
land and Italy, the year has been one of progress and 
blessing, and there baa been an increase of 151 In 
the member* and probationers. The collections 
for self-support, missions, education, etc, have 
amounted to (3,015, while the money received on 
account of schools. Publishing House, etc, amounts 



The President, Dr. N. W. Clark, reports : 
rule has been adopted, requiring for a 
the school the diploma of the State Lyceum. The 
faculty can, in exceptional cases, accept the Gym- 
nasium diploma, but In such cases the candidates 
receive upon graduation only the certificate of the 
Theological School, the diploma being granted only 
to those who are graduates of the Lyceum. On ac- 
count of this the preparatory course has been ex- 
tended to Ave years. Thirteen new students were 
admitted last year, making a total of 32. Of this 
number 8 were In the graduating class. 

"The experience of the past year has convinced 
ua of the advantage of having the young men under 
our personal care while pursuing their classical 
course as well as when engaged in their theological 
studies, and we trust that In the near future the 
Boys' College will be able to provide instruction in 
the entire Gymnasium and Lyceum courses. 

" We hare two public courses of lectures a year, 
the first to be delivered by a minister of the Italy Con- 
ference, the second by some minister or scholar not 
belonging to the Methodist Episcopal Church. Dur- 
ing the past year the first course was given by Dr. 
Domenico Polslnelll, our pastor at Genoa, the other 
by Rev. G. Roland, pastor of the Wesleyan Church 
at Parma. We were greatly favored by having with 
us during the winter Bishop Walden, who presided 
at some of onr meetings and made addresses at 
others. The receipts of the school from students 
and benefactors were (528,68. " 



(84) 
CELTIC MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES IN EUROPE. 



. KNOX, PH.D., D.I). 



TEELAND never became a Roman prov- 
*■ ince, like Britain, so that when Chris- 
tianity came to the Irish it found their 
native pecu- 




grated across the sea, and to the Picts and 
Caledonians. In 430 Pope Oelestine sent 
Palladius to Ireland as bishop, so itais cer- 
tain that Christianity was already intro- 
duced among those people ; but the bishop 
was not successful in his mission. It re- 
mained for Patrick, first a stave brought 
from Gaul, later the marvelous apostle to 
the Irish, to convert them to Christianity. 

Soon there sprang up monasteries, or 
mission stations, that became renowned 
schools, where culture was reached, and let- 
ters nourished. When continental Europe, 
and even Britain, were being submerged by 
hordes of pagan Teutones, Ireland, out of 
reach of those waves of paganism, was 
building up good schools which for centu- 
ries were bright beacons of culture and 
Christianity, In Ulster stood Bangor and 
Armagh ; farther south, giving its light 
specially to Leinster and Connaught, was 
Clonmacnoise, and in the south Lis more 
joined its light to the more northern mon- 
asteries, while scattered here and there were 
others less renowned. In those various 
schools the classics were taught, the Scrip- 
tures diligently searched, and the Fathers, 
Ambrose, Jerome, and Augustine, were ear- 
nestly studied. 

In such seminaries the new spirit of 
Christianity could not but combine with the 



inherent restless nature of the Celts to send 
them out as missionaries. It was well, for 
a mighty bank of crass heathenism, extend- 
ing from the Irish Sea to the Alps and 
Balkans, threatened all Europe like a por- 
tentious storm cloud, and their own safety, 
as well as the call of the Master, Impelled 
the enlightened Celte to evangelize those 
powerful pagans. 

In answer to these impulses two great 
Irish missionaries, Columba and Columban, 
in the latter part of the sixth century, pushed 
out into that cloud of paganism, the one to 
the north of Britain, the other to the conti- 

Columba seems to have been a restless 
spirit at home, having engaged, through a 
monk, in the quarrels and tribal wars of his 
native land till, at the age of forty, he was 
expelled. Crossing the narrow Irish Sea, 
with some faithful followers, he settled on 
the small Island of Iona, off the west coast 
of Scotland. At once this colony built a 
monastery, and thence went over northern 
Britain, among the Picts and other Caledo- 
nians, converting them to Christianity. At 
the death of Columba, thirty years later, no 
less than twenty-three stations among the 
Scots, and eighteen among the Plets had 
been established. This famous monastery, 
known by the various names of Iona, Hii, 
Columkill, existed for centuries, and was 
the place from which the Christian religion 
was sent to the Anglo-Saxons of Northum- 
bria and other parts of England. 

One of the princes of Northumbria, Os- 
wald, owing to some intestine wars, was a 
fugitive, and being sheltered at Iona learned 
of the new way, and on his attaining the 
crown of his country sent to Iona for mis- 
sionaries. Aldan, after the failure of the 
first one sent, was selected by his chapter, 
and his success among the pagan, but deep- 
souled Anglo-Saxons of Northumbria, was 
most brilliant. Selecting for his monastery 
home an island, Lindisfarnc, on the coast of 
that country, as if in memory of his island 
monastery of Iona, Aidan went over all 
Beruicin and Deira preaching, teaching, and 
baptizing. The king, in his zeal for the con- 
version of his people, often acted as inter- 
preter for Aidan, who could not readily learn 
the language of these peoples. 

Aidan was followed by other monks from 



Celtic Missions and Missionaries m Europe. 25 

. - . 

Iona, who did not confine their labors to . gent Brunhilde, so that Golumban and his 
Northumbria, but pushed across mid-Britain Irish companions were compelled to flee, 
and Essex, and even as far away as the Being driven back by contrary winds from 
South Saxons. an attempt to return to Ireland, he deemed 

So great was the success of the Celtic mis- it the will of Providence that he should re- 
sionaries in the north that it looked for j main on the continent. He then went among 
a while as if England would owe more to . the rude Alemanni, intending to found a 
them for its conversion than to the monks . mission on Lake Constance, but finding un- 
from Borne and the south. These men from I expected opposition, passed the Alps into 
Iona and Ireland, as well as the native Italy. There commending himself to the 



Briton Christians, held Easter under differ- 
ent calculations from the Roman monks, 



patronage of Agilulf, the Langobard king, 
and the princess Theudelinda, he was en- 



and had a different tonsure. Out of such : abled to found a monastery at Bobbio whose 
differences came a conflict, finally resulting ' fame and influence were hardly less than 
in the withdrawal of these grand workers , that of Luxeuil, since through the following 
from England. centuries Bobbio was justly renowned for 

The second great Celtic missionary to go ! its learning and liberal culture. Here 
out from Ireland in the sixth century was Columban died in 615. 

Columban, sometimes mistaken even by | The three monasteries of his foundation in 
students of history for Columba. He passed France soon multiplied to about 100, built 
directly to France with twelve companions, ' up in 10 different countries, from which the 
and, though seeking an eremitic life, went Roman Church has canonized 247 saints, 
preaching up and down the kingdoms of that : and of these no less than 42 won their saint- 
country, but finally settled in a monastery ship by losing their lives in the Master's 



called Anagratum, in the Vosges. 

At this date, 590, France, although for five 
centuries Christianity had been its nominal 



work. 

One passing along the railway from Lake 
Constance to Lucerne has pointed out to 



faith, was given up to the grossest immo- j him the gray walls and stone battlements 
ralities, to murder, robbery, duplicity, and of the monastery of St. Gall. This noble 
' other crimes not to be named, in all of which building is the monument of Gall, an Irish 
the native clergy were implicated, as well as '' companion of Columban, who, being ill 
the nobles and royalty. Not the virtues but , when the latter fled to Italy, remained and 
the vices of the decadent Romans had been was restored to health under the kindly care 
retained by the Gallic and the Teutonic peo- of a prominent Alemannian. Being eager 
pie of France. Into this seething mass of to lead the surrounding barbarians to the 
corruption the fearless Irish monks plunged, ' truth, he gathered twelve companions about 
whose faith was justified by the multitudes him, like all the great missionaries in those 



that flocked to them at their first station. 



times, and, land being given him, started 



Soon another monastery was established, the great monastic establishment that now 
Luxeuil, to become one of the most famous bears his name. For twenty or thirty years, 
in history. It was on the site of an old ' as long as he lived, he directed it, and, 
Roman temple, the ruined statuary and col- dying, left it a monument such as any man 
umns of which were worked by Columban i might covet. It continued for generations, 
into the Christian establishment. From this through those centuries of slow progress, a 



monastery, and also a third one from the 
overflow, the monks went out over all the 



very Pharos in the moral darkness, sending 
out teachers and missionaries through all 



country, teaching, reproving, preaching to | parts of ancient Germany. It became very 
multitudes thirsting for a purer Gospel than j noted for its fine manuscripts, and for those 
offered them by the native clergy. For j priceless treasures of the age before printing 
twenty years this colony brought by Colum- 1 the Irish monks were unexcelled. 
ban worked in these ways, leading lives of ; The eager spirit of Celtic evangelization 
toil, frugality, and self-denial, to see the did not cease with these great leaders and 



fruits in great monastic houses and uplift of 
religious life. 
But their .very successes and impetuosity 



their immediate groups of assistants. Dur- 
ing the seventh and eighth centuries oth- 
ers followed Aiden to England and Colum- 



of spirit aroused the spite of the native ban and Gall to the continent. Stations 
clergy and of the Merovingian Queen Re- \ were made along the great river valleys, the 



26 



Celtic Missions and Missionaries in Europe, 



Rhine, the Meuse, the Rhone, while in the though these Celts, driven to the verge of 
Alps these missionaries did better than Europe by the pagan Teutones, despoiled of 
Hannibal and Napoleon, not simply cross- ■ their country, their cities, and their homes. 



ing, but stopping in the valleys, denies, and 
among the hardy mountaineers, taught them 
the sweet amenities of the Gospel. 
The monkish chronicles of the continent, 



were to return, by the conversion of their 
antagonists, the Scripture good for evil. 

But the work of Ireland in those centuries 
was not alone that of foreign missions. • Her 



really the only contemporary history of ; work done at home was of far-reaching in- 
those times, are crowded with the names of fluence. Young men by the thousands from 
those Irishmen who, expatriating them- the newly converted Anglo-Saxons, from 
selves for the kingdom of God, built monas- France and other parts of Europe, were at- 
teries as centers of study and work, thence \ tracted during nearly four centuries to her 
sending their members among the rude renowned houses of learning. These offered 



peoples. Alcuin, writing at the court of 
Charlemagne, said that most of the learned 
instructors of Britain, Gaul, and upper Italy 
were Irishmen. No less than six hundred 



the best instruction in Europe. Charle- 
magne drew upon the Irish monks for teach- 
ers, at whose head in his court school stood 
Alcuin, the Anglo-Saxon, though educated 



and twenty missionaries are said to have . in Ireland. 



gone into the kingdom of Bavaria from the 
station of Luxeuil alone. 

It was no child's play to go among the 
stout barbarous peoples of central Europe, 
and martyrs then, like Hannington in cen- 
tral Africa in our own time, shed the blood 
that was the seed of the Church. In the 
cherished annals of the Roman Church the 
names of Eilian, Col man, Totman, and other 
Irish monks and bishops, offered as sacri- 
fices in their missionary zeal, are remem- 
bered, as those of Livingstone, Carey, and 
Williams are in the annals of modern Prot- 
estantism. 

A most interesting glimpse of those old 
missionaries and their stations is afforded 
by a contemporary writer. A leader with 
the same number of companions as the Mas- 
ter ordained, twelve, would go across the 
country, preaching and searching for an 
eligible site on which to locate. They walked 
with long staves, bearing a leather knap- 
sack, flasks, and long, narrow writing tab- 



Perhaps the most original scholar of the 
mediaeval period was a Celt, doubtless from 
Ireland, Johannes Scotus Eregina. He was 
not a cleric, but the first of that illustrious 
line of laymen whose thought and investiga- 
tions since have largely made modern learn- 
ing what it is. He was learned in the clas- 
sics, struck out new lines of philosophic 
thought, claiming that reason must take 
precedence in all mental activities and de- 
cisions, even in construing the Bible. Of 
course he was counted a heretic, but was 
carefully protected by the French king. 

But the Danish irruptions of the ninth 
and tenth centuries having struck Ireland 
most severely, checked the valuable prog- 
ress of high culture in that island, and this 
led to a fatal deterioration in the missionary 
work abroad. Habits of drunkenness grew 
upon the people, and the monks were not 
exempt from that degenerating vice. Then, 
too, in the passing centuries the monastic 
spirit changed so that most monks were an- 



lets, which the natives first mistook for chorites and hermits instead of wise, mov- 
swords. Their abundant hair remained un- , ing missionaries, like Aidan, Columba, and 
cut and their eyelids were stained. In such , Columban. Still monasteries continued to 
way they went among the stout Franks and i be founded and inhabited by Irish monks, 
Alemanni preaching with true Celtic fire, ! far along to the Reformation, while Irish 
first through interpreters, as missionaries j teachers and wandering recluses were to be 
now do, then learning the local language. j found as far as Vienna, Constantinople, and 
Their first settlement would consist of lit- Jerusalem. But the bright glory of mission- 
tie wooden huts and a rude chapel sur- ary zeal had departed. Will it ever return ? 
rounded by a large inclosure, while they Wahpeton, N. Dak. 
supported themselves by tilling the soil and 
by fishing. They spread themselves as far 



as southern Italy and the Faroe Islands, and 
Iceland was not too remote for these tireless 
monks to teach the people of Christ by word 
and example. For a time it seemed as 



Jewels, gleaming like a spark, 
Will be hidden in the dark ; 
Sun and moon and stars will pale, 
But these words will never fail : 
Brrad upon the waters cant 
Shall be gathered at the fast. 



(27) 



THE YOUNG PEOPLE'S MISSIONARY SOCIETY. 



BY JOHN O. 

THE pastor was called upon to preside 
over a new society, and said as follows : 
" Well, my dear young friends, in answer 
to ycmr request I will preside at this meet- 
ing, and help what I can to make your new 
Young People's Missionary Society a great 
success. I hear that you are talking about 
a forward movement in the cause of mis- 
sions, and that pleases me very much, for I 
believe we must obey the command, ' Go 
forward.' I will call on my young friend 
here on the right to state the full object of 
this meeting, and give any suggestion or 
plans for future work." 

u Mr. President: Six of us feel that we 
have a common interest in the missionary 
cause, and we believe that something more 
can be done for the heathen than what we 
have been doing. We have given a penny 
now and then, and once a quarter our Sun- 
day school has made an effort to increase 
the gifts for the good cause, j>ut we are not 
satisfied. 

" I propose that a more general spread of 
Printed Information be given to the young 
people. We read our library books, we 
recommend to each other some good story 
which we have found, and I believe a wider 
field is opening before us. 

" The Parent Board has stated that it will 
give great quantities of good literature, in 
tracts and papers, to responsible persons 
who will help in their circulation. I want 
to be counted among those who are willing 
to go from home to home and give the peo- 
ple some of our splendid tracts and mis- 
sionary papers, or, what is better, to begin 
in our own Sunday school, and give to any- 
one who can and will read this choice mis- 
sionary literature. 

" Another thought has come to me. You 
see I have cut out of the weekly papers 
these articles [holding them up] which I can 
put in with the other printed matter into 
these large envelopes, on which I have 
written: 

" Please Bead and Return to tlie Giver. 

"If you will appoint me on this com- 
mittee, with some assistants, we will work 
with you.' ' 

" What has Miss Ethel to offer ? I see you 
are deeply interested." 

" I propose that we do more than we have 
been doing with Mite Bore*. You see here 



FOSTER, D.D. 

is a jug, an apple, a barrel, a square box, a 
round ball, a bank, a nickel book, a dime 
book, an envelope with a metal slot in it, and 
I am told that there are many other devices 
which can be used to collect the small coins 
for the Master's cause. Once there was a 
widow who gave two mites, worth about half 
a cent, and our Lord made her offering to 
be known for all time. A boy who had no 
mite box of any kind made one out of a 
horn, and when he had fitted a cap on the 
opening, and cut a slot in the wood, he went 
to a painter, and the man painted, in beau- 
tiful letters, these words : 

" * Once I mvm the horn of an ox, 
But now I 1 ma missionary box.* 

That boy collected seven dollars before the 
end of the year. I wish you would appoint 
a committee on Mite Boxes." 

" What have you to say, Master Jones, on 
this subject? " 

"My thought is about Music. We have 
many stories about the hideous idols, the 
benighted minds, the cruel practices, and 
but little about the music of the heathen. 
It is not because they cannot sing, for we 
know they do have some songs which are 
famous, and their tunes can be written down 
and printed, and the words of the addresses 
to their gods might also be printed, at least 
in part, and then have them sung, as a com- 
parison, with our own splendid hymns and 
tunes. Pictures are made with lights and 
shadows, and high-grade music is often 
made more impressive by some jarring 
chords. Give us a committee on Missionary 
Music" 

" We will now listen to Miss Newman." 

"My thought is Pictures. We want to 
know how they look over there, and so for 
some time I have been collecting photo- 
graphs, engravings, and paintings in water 
colors, of people and scenes, and these 
portraits of the dumb idols. I would add to 
my list veritable specimens of the images 
they have worshiped, and let the awakened 
mind judge whether a stock or a stone can 
answer the want of the soul for its spiritual 
worship. God is Spirit, and gross idols 
are crude matter without power for good or 
evil. One of our missionaries rented a 
heathen temple in which to worship God. 
It was too dark in the gloomy old building, 
so a candle was put in the hand of each 



28 



The Plea and Plan for the Cities. 



idol, all around thd room, and so the dumb 
idols held a score of candles while the mis- 
sionaries read the Bible. In another place 
the Christians covered up the hideous forms 
while divine services were held. Let the 
young people see the pictures of these idols, 
the devotees, and certainly they will be 
moved to send the heathen the pure Gospel. 
Be so kind as to tell us how we may get 
more pictures of objects of worship from 
heathen lands." 

"We shall have time for two more 
thoughts if you will state them clearly and 
concisely. And you, Mr. Dale, do you have 
a plan ? Please tell it to us." 

" I have nothing new, but we always love 
to hear direct from a distant land, from one 
who has been there. Get the returned mis- 



, sionaries— no matter if there is a little ex- 
1 pense — we can pay their traveling expenses, 
for we want to see and hear them. Live, 
earnest, real missionaries." 

" Now, Miss Lore will be the last we can 
hear to-day." 

" As this work is largely personal, and as 
only a very few can go with the Gospel, 
may we not come in close communication 
with our own Christian young people in 
heathen lands? They can answer our letters, 
send us pictures and general information. 
Can we not get names, «nd write letters, as 
did the early Christians? And these epistles 
can be read over again and again. I love to 
hear what a girl thinks who has become a 
Christian." 

Newark, N. J. 



THE PLEA AND PLAN FOR THE CITIES. 

BY FRANK MASON NORTH, D.D. 



THE National City Evangelization Union of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, at its Ninth Annual 
Convention, held in the Arch Street Church, Phila- 
delphia, November 23 and 24, made record of a 
strong advance in its work for our American cities. 
The wide range of influence exerted by this volun- 
tary organization of our Methodism is indicated by 
a glance at the names of the men and cities related 
to it. 

The roll of the Philadelphia convention showed 
that there were present representatives from Bos- 
ton, New Bedford, Providence, Brooklyn, New 
York, Jersey City, Philadelphia, Baltimore, Wash- 
ington, Camden, Scranton, Allegheny, Pittsburg, 
Cincinnati, Cleveland, Chicago, and Detroit. In 
addition to these cities represented by delegates, 
communications wero received from many others, 
including Binghamton, Erie, Denver, Columbus, 
Evansville, Ind.; Kansas City, Minneapolis, Mil- 
waukee, Newark, Paterson, Springfield, O.; Syra- 
cuse, Worcester, Peoria, 111., and Rochester. The 
representatives, of whom the large majority were 
accredited delegates to the convention, were 75 or 80 
in number and included men prominent in every 
division of the Methodist Church. 

Five of the bishops were present, interested in the 
deliberations and most helpful in their addresses : 
Bishops Foss, Walden, Vincent, Mallalieu, and 
Hurst. The presiding elders of Philadelphia were 
in frequent attendance, and as delegates there were 
presenters. Boyle, of Pittsburg; Knox, of Allegheny; 
Merrill, of Buffalo ; Fisher, of Cleveland ; and Mans- 
field, of Boston. 

Among the laymen were observed, besides the 
president, Horace Hitchcock, of Detroit, and the 
treasurer, Horace Benton, of Cleveland ; James 
N. Gamble and Philip Roettinger, of Cincinnati ; 
Dr. J. E. James and R. W. P. Goff, of Philadelphia ; 



David Abercrombie, of Baltimore ; Hudson Samson, 
of Pittsburg ; J. 8. Huyler, of New York ; W. H. 
Beach, of Jersey City ; John M. Bulwinkle, of Brook- 
lyn ; Robert F. Raymond, of New Bedford ; Alexan- 
der Ashley, of Washington ; John O. Atwood, of 
Boston, with many others, whose names will bo 
found in the report and would be placed here if 
memory were as faithful as shorthand. Many of 
the pastors of Philadelphia and Camden were pres- 
ent at the sessions of the convention, and some 
from other cities. 

Men who, as secretaries and superintendents of 
the city unions, have became known for their suc- 
cesssful work in their special fields, were heloful 
participants in the discussions : Boswell, of Phila- 
delphia ; Traveller, of Chicago ; Byrt, of Brooklyn ; 
Williams, of Pittsburg, and Littleiield, of Chelsea, 
who as former secretary of the Boston society and 
the effective recording secretary of the National 
Union, is still reckoned in this working fellowship. 
Dr. Palmer, of the Missionary Society ; Drs. Spencer 
and King, of the Board of Church Extension ; Dr. 
(Joucher, of the Woman's College of Baltimore, 
looked in upon the convention. 

The corresponding secretary reported that at this 
date in 45 cities local societies have been organized, 
and that of these at least 36 are effectively operating 
in the direction of church extension, church stisten- 
tation, or distinctive mission work. The sum raised 
for these purposes is approximately £1S0,000. Three 
new city unions,Springfield,0., Seranton, and Wilkes- 
barre have been organized during the past year, 
and the correspondence shows a constantly enlarg- 
ing interest on the part of the representivo men in 
other cities in the work for which the National 
Union stands. 

Unquestionably the event most marked in interest 
to the promoters of the National Union was the re- 



Tlie Plea and Plan for the Cities. 



29 



port of the corresponding secretary concerning the 
appeals made tb the Board of Bishops and to the 
General Missionary Committee for a larger con- 
sideration of the work of Methodism in the cities of 
America. He reported for the committee appointed 
at Detroit one year ago to undertake this duty, the 
members of which were Horace Hitchcock, Horace 
Benton, James E. Ingram, John E. James, M.D., 
and the secretary, that a memorial signed by many 
leading ministers and laymen in the several cities 
had been duly laid before the Board of Bishops at 
their recent meeting, asking that one of their num- 
ber be detailed for special leadership in connection 
with the effort of the National Union to promote the 
work of Methodism in the cities. 

The response of the bishops communicated to the 
convention by formal note from Bishop Andrews, 
and by personal representation in the cordial greet- 
ings and assurances of Bishop Walden, was heartily 
received. For, while the near approach of the Gen- 
eral Conference seemed to our chief pastors a good 
ground for not acceding to the committee's special 
request, the evidence of the deep concern felt by the 
bishops for tho success of the work of the National 
Union and of the local societies affiliated with it was 
most pronounced and most welcome. 

The memorial to the General Missionary Commit- 
tee, it was reported, asking for larger appropria- 
tions to the city work, had been received by that 
body with cordiality, and, after reference to a sub- 
committee, had upon its recommendation led to the 
adoption of a strong report, which was couched in 
the following terms : 

We recommend that this General Committee set 
apart at least one half of the Increase for tho home 
field, to be appropriated as the General Committee 
shall determine, to the cities where the need Is great- 
est, In addition to the sums appropriated to said cities 
last year, and to such other cities as may have special 
claims to assistance, the whole to be at the disposal of 
the resident bishops or bishop in charge. We are pro- 
foundly Impressed with the importance of the work of the 
National City Evangelization Union of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and recommend that organizations 
be effected in all cities where it may be practicable and 
advisable. 

The amount thus placed at the command of the 
cities for new or enlarged work was $11,176, and 
was appropriated by the General Committee, on 
recommendation of another subcommittee, consist- 
ing of Bishops Andrews and Walden, Drs. A. B. 
Leonard, W. F. Corkran, L. n. Stewart, C. S. Nut- 
ter, F. M. North, and Colonel E. L. Dobbins, to 
22 different cities, with but one or two exceptions 
those where local unions are actively at work. The 
statement that, on motion of Dr. J. M. Buckley, a 
new division was added to the rubrics of the Mis- 
sionary Committee, namely, "Appropriations for 
Work in Cities," was received with much satisfac- 
tion. 

That the well-directed effort and quiet agitation of 
nine years should have resulted In securing without 
opposition from any quarter so firm a standing 
ground for our city work in the council, next to the 



General Conference the most representative and in- 
fluential in Methodism, is a cause for the prof ound- 
est gratitude to those faithful laymen who have 
for years carried this especial burden of the cities 
upon their hearts. 

For the treasury, Horace Benton reported sub 
stantlally all bills paid, and for the committee of 
eleven, which it was later voted to continue, W. H. 
Beach reported an expenditure of about $1,000, of 
which less than $200 was yet to be secured. 

The program of the convention brought to the 
front some exceedingly important topics : Bishop 
Walden spoke upon " The Importance of Church 
Building In the City Evangelization Movement," and 
was followed by Rev. A. W. Byrt, of Brooklyn, In 
opening a discussion in which many of the delegates 
shared. " The Advantages of a Central Denomina- 
tional Mission " were presented by Dr. J. E. James, 
of Philadelphia, and the views elicited touching the 
relation of the general Church organization of a city 
to the mission work in its destitute centers were va- 
ried and decidedly provocative of new thinking. 
Dr. John Handley, of Camden, gave a significant ad- 
dress upon "Caring for the Fruits of City Evan- 
gelization," and was followed by Dr. W. M. Ramsay, 
pastor of Arch Street Church. The warm and intel- 
ligent sympathy expressed by these pastors with an 
organized movement to reach the outcasts of society 
was most reassuring. 

The discusslonof these and other important topics 
— confined by no means to those whose names were 
upon the program— brought together the treasures 
of experience, and aroused in the hearts of many 
workers strong purposes for the better service of 
the Church of the future. Among the most striking 
addresses upon the convention floor was that of 
Dr. Wallace MacMullen, on " Ministerial Training 
and City Evangelization. ' » Full of fervor, fresh with 
keen thought, broad in the perception of the many 
implications of the theme, this address thrilled the 
assembly and left upon all minds a most profound 
impression. 

The discussion opened by Horace Benton on 
" What Shall the Coming General Conference do for 
the City Evangelization Movement ? " disclosed a 
general desire for some additional legislation which 
should give larger powers to the local unions and 
should bring them into harmonious relations with 
the other general organizations of the Church. To 
the Executive Committee was committed the task of 
formulating an appropriate memorial to the General 
Conference, the same first to be submitted to the lo- 
cal unions for their suggestions and approval, the 
committee to have power, should they deem it wise, 
to call together the Board of Managers preceding 
the General Conference session. 

On motion of Dr. Traveller, it was agreed to ask of 
the Committee of Arrangements, for the General 
Conference the privilege of a room set apart especi- 
ally for the use of our workers in city evangeliza- 
tion. It was reported also that request had been 
formally made through the secretary for the op- 
portunity for a great mass meeting at the seat of the 
General Conference In the Interest of ova <afc"j *n*5*» 



30 



Third World's Missionary Conference, New York. 



gelization work. The Executive Committee was 
empowered to cooperate with the Committee of the 
Conference in making necessary arrangements 
should the request be granted. 

Mass meetings at three of the churches were held 
on the first evening of the convention; for these the 
local committee had provided special programs and 
music, and at each, besides the other speakers, one 
of the bishops made an address. The closing serv- 
ice of the convention was a mass meeting held in 
Arch Street Church, at which Mayor Ashbridge, of 
Philadelphia, spoke cordial words of welcome, while 
the regular addresses were made by Bishop Hurst 
and Dr. Traveller. 

While the thanks of the convention were freely 
distributed by its committee at the close, none were 
more heartily felt than those extended to Dr. C. M. 
Boswell, upon whom, as chairman of the Program 
Committee, the preparation of both program and 
convention had chiefly fallen. 

The invitation of Allegheny for the convention 
next year was unanimously accepted. Thus located, 
the National Union, which was organized in Pitts- 
burg, can fittingly celebrate its decennial. 

A resolution affectionately and gratefully acknowl- 
edging the services of Horace Hitchcock, for three 
years the esteemed president of the organization, 
was unanimously adopted. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year are as fol- 
lows: 

President, John E. James, M.D., Philadelphia. 

First Vice President, James N. Gamble, Cincinnati. 

Second Vice President, James E. Ingram, Balti- 
more. 

Corresponding Secretary », Frank Mason North, D.D., 
New York. 

Recording Secretary, Rev. C. A. Littlefield, Boston. 

Treasurer, Horace Benton, Cleveland. 

Additional members of Executive Committee : 
Horace Hitchcock, Detroit ; Hudson Samson, Pitts- 
burg ; Rev. A. W. Bjrt, Brooklyn; Rev. A. D. Trav- 
eller, D.D., Chicago. 



The following constitute the Board of Directors : 
Charles Gibson, Albany. 

A. M. 8choyer, Allegheny. 

Alcaeus Hooper, Baltimore. 
George E. Atwood, Boston. 
John E. Searles, Brooklyn. 
John L. Romer, Buffalo. 
William Dee ring, Chicago. 
J R. Clark, Cincinnati. 

N. B. Abbott, Columbus. 

Rev. R. A.Carnine, Denver. 
W. L. Holmes, Detroit. 

E. R. Rawls, D.D., Indianapolis. 
W. II. Beach, Jersey City. 

0. M. 8tewart, D.D., Kansas City. 
D. C. John, D.D., Milwaukee. 
J. F. Force, M.D., Minneapolis. 
Bowles Colgate, New York. 
H. H. Benedict, New Haven. 
R. W. P. Goff, Philadelphia. 
J. G. Holmes, Pittsburg. 
II. A. Fifleld, Providence. 

1. N. Dalbey, D.D., Rochester. 
Hanford Crawford, St. Louis. 
J. M. Avann, Toledo. 

G. W. F. Swartzell, Washington. 

The committee of eleven, upon whom has been 
placed for two years past the responsibility of secur- 
ing the resources for printing and clerical expenses 
—not for salaries, for no officer of the National Un- 
ion receives the slightest compensation — was contin- 
ued. Its members are: James N. Gamble, chairman; 
W. H. Beach, Jersey City, treasurer ; Bowles Col- 
gate. J. E. Ingram, O. II. Durrell, J. E. Searles, 
Horace Benton, J. E. James, M.D., Horace Hitch- 
cock, Hudson Samson, John S. Huyler. 

This convention was deemed not only a success in 
itself, but more an epoch marking the culmination of 
the effort to place our Methodist work in the cities 
upon the heart of the Church, and, as well, the start- 
ing point for a stronger endeavor to organize this 
movement into permanence and efficiency. 



Third World's Missionary Conference, New York, April 21-May 1, 1900. 



BY W. UENBT GRANT. 



THE Foreign Missionary Conference, which will 
convene in Carnegie Hall, New York, on the 
twenty-first of next April, will be the third World's 
Conference on Foreign Missions ever held, and the 
first held on the American continent. It will re- 
main in session for ten days,' discussing the plant- 
ing and development of the Christian religion 
among unevangelized peoples. 

The century just closing has marked the greatest 
era of missionary expansion in the history of the 
Christian Church. A hundred years ago there were 
but 15 societies in existence, engaged, directly or in- 
directly, in the work of foreign missions ; to-day 
there are 800 societies carrying the Gospel of Christ 
to the very ends of the earth. Instead of a few 
scattered outposts, a whole army of workers are oc- 



cupying the great strategic centers of the world, 
well as opening up the dark continents. 

In view of this century of unparalleled missionary 
activity, and the many and important questions 
growing out of the record of the past and the prom- 
ise of the future, it is fitting that those to whom 
God has intrusted the work should marshal their 
forces, grasp the situation, and move on to yet 
greater conquests for our Lord and King. 

The coming Conference promises to be the largest, 
the most instructive, and, in view of the ever-widen- 
ing doors of opportunity, the most important ever 
held. The friends of Christian missions on the 
other side of the Atlantic have most heartily re- 
sponded to the invitation of the American and Cana- 
dian Committee. 



Third Worlds Missionary Conference^ New York. 



31 



Among those which have already appointed .dele- 
gates are the London Missionary Society, British 
and Foreign Bible Society, Church Missionary So- 
ciety, the Baptist, Presbyterian, We&leyan, and other 
organizations of England and Ireland, and the Es- 
tablished Free and United Churches of Scotland. 
The German societies will unite in sending a delega- 
tion, and the Dutch, Scandinavian, and French will 
also be represented. 

(Among the many distinguished guests invited 
from abroad may be mentioned Dr. Warneck, of 
Germany, the missionary historian; Rev. Francois 
Coillard, the pioneer of the Zambesi ; Rev. R. Ward- 
law Thompson, secretary London Missionary So- 
ciety ; the Archbishop of Canterbury ; Bishops of 
London, Calcutta, and the Falkland Isles ; the Earls 
of Aberdeen and Harrowby; Lords Kinniard and 
Overtoun, as well as missionaries of every denomi- 
nation from all parts of the world.) 

There were at the London Conference 1,759 dele- 
gates, and it is hoped that at least an equal number 
will be present in New York. 

Thoughtful people in England and America are 
asking what is to be the practical result of such a 
Conference ? What is it expected to accomplish ? In 
brief, the ends aimed at may be classed under three 
heads: 

' 1. To turn to account the experience of the past 
for the improvement of the methods of missionary 
enterprise in the foreign field. 

2. To utilize acquired experience for the improve- 
ment of methods for the home management of 
foreign missions. 

8. To seek the more entire coruecratioti of the Church 
of God, in all its members, to the great work com- 
mitted to it by the Lord. 

That foreign missionary work is to-day a recog- 
nized power in the development and building up of 
nations no thoughtful person will deny. These 
"Wider Relations of Missions" with reference to 
geography, commerce, diplomacy, science, and the 
relations of missions to governments will be dis- 
cussed by able men from England, Germany, and 
the United States. 

A glimpse of the proposed program will show 
other important questions to be considered ; the 
various kinds of direct missionary work such as 
evangelistic, educational, medical, and philan- 
thropic* and kindred practical themes. The admin- 
istrative problems, home work for foreign missions, 
will be thoughtfully treated. M.ission fields the 
world over will be surveyed, and the century will be 
reviewed, showing the superintending providence of 
God and the effect of mission work on social progress 
and the peace of the world. In these days the need 
of unity and cooperation is felt to be of increased 
importance, the principles and application of comity 
and the division or readjustment of fields will be con- 
sidered and testimony given of its practical results. 

During the last quarter of a century woman's 
work has come to the front. It will be presented 
and discussed along practically the same lines of the 
general work of missions, and by women whose rec- 
ords of service, either in the home board and socle. 



ties or as "missionaries on the field, have made jthem 
authorities ou the subject. ' 

The wonderful missionary movements among the 
students and other young people, which have also 
marked the close of this century, will be brought 
into prominence, in their significance and possibili- 
ties, as well as the responsibility of the Church and 
missionary societies toward them. 

One of the most interesting features is the pro- 
posed missionary exhibit, which is to be a practical 
illustration of foreign missionary work. " The ob- 
ject of the exhibit is to convey through the eye some 
conception of the work of foreign mission boards 
at home, together with their indirect fruitage; of 
the workers on the foreign fields, their converts, and 
coadjutors ; of their environment, work, problems, 
and successes. It is expected all foreign missionary 
lands will be represented in this collection. Even 
if only approximately complete, it will present such 
evidences of the value of missions that skepticism as 
to their utility will be removed, in so far as material 
evidences can satisfy such skepticism. 

While the immediate purpose of this exhibit is to 
render more complete and profitable the sessions of 
the Conference, it is hoped that it may be made the 
foundation of an interdenominational missionary 
library and museum, centrally located in New York. 

A Prospectus has been issued in which the plans 
and purposes of the Conference are more fully out- 
lined, and with this Prospectus has gone out an 
earnest call for prayer—" definite prayer that this 
Conference may be a permanent blessing to the 
whole Church." It is reported of the last London 
Conference : " There was one feature which cannot 
be described, the all-pervading sense of a spiritual 
influence which breathed a sacred calm over the 
meetings, the sense of the divine presence. It was 
evident that the Spirit of God reigned over the as- 
sembly. We were prepared to expect this from the 
larger amount of prayer that was made to God from 
all parts of the world for the outpouring of his 
Spirit upon the Conference. We suppose that at 
no previous period of the history of the Church of 
God has prayer been so universally called forth for 
any Christian object of desire." 

Everyone, then, who bears the name of Christian 
may realize that in these coming months there is 
something for him to do. In order that the greatest 
good may come from this Conference constant 
prayer should be made for it ; prayer for the com- 
mittees who are bearing the heavy burden of prepa- 
ration ; prayer for those who are to give addresses 
or write papers, and prayer for the delegates and 
visitors who are coming, that the power and bless- 
ing of God may rest upon them in all their delibera- 
tions, and fit them and Christians everywhere for 
larger service and greater receptivity of the 8pirit of 
the Master. 

A meeting in the interest of the Conference will be 
held in the Presbyterian Building, New York city, 
corner Fifth Avenue and Twentieth Street, on the 
evening of January 11. The Hon. Beth Low will pre- 
side, and there will be addresses and reports from 
committees. 



SKETCHES OF DECEASED METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONARIES. 
Rev. Barton Thomas Eddy. 



BARTON EDDY, son of Milton V. and Lydia W. 
Eddy, was born near Ashland, O., September 
2, 1850. He entered Baldwin University, at Berea, 
O., In the winter of 1878, from which be graduated in 
June, 1888. During the first term of bis college life 
he experienced wbat he called "the blessing of a 
clean heart," and the full consecration to Christian 
service, and he joyfully labored for the salvation and 
spiritual Welfare of his fellow -students. 

He felt called to missionary service and was ac- 
cepted as a missionary to India. He was ordained 
under the missionary nilo by Bishop Harris at the 
session of the East Ohio Conference at Canton, U., 
September 30, 1N83, but was not to go to India 
alone. He was married, October 
18, 1883, to Miss Sarah A. Walker, 
who bad been a fellow-student 
and classmate at the university, 
and with his bride sailed from 
New York November 3, 1883, 
landing at Calcutta January 8, 
1884. 

Mr. Eddy's first appointment in 
India was as junior pastor of the 
Dhurrumtoliah Street Methodist 
Episcopal Church, Calcutta, of 
which Dr. J. M. Thoburo (now 
Bishop Thoburn) was pastor. 
Here he gave pains-taking service, 
and by his judicious personal 
work as well as by his pulpit 
efforts gave witness (bat he was 
God's minister. 

At the close of sis months the 
super in tendency of tho Seamen's 
Reading and Coffee Rooms, Calcutta, became vacant 
by the resignation and return to America of Rev, (i. 
1. Stone, and Mr. Eddy was tho only one available 
for the important position. He accepted the ap- 
pointment cheerfully and for eighteen months 
labored faithfully and with a loving heart. 

The place was frequented by men of every nation- 
ality and every condition of need. It whs the only 
place where sailors could get anything to eat with- 
out having liquor offered to them. A religious meet- 
ing was held every evening during the year, result- 
ing In many conversions and reformed Uvea. Large 
shipping Brma gave liberally to Kb support, yet a 

large part of (he needed Income had to be collected of his devotion to Christ, and his preparatior 
by the snperin ten dent from friends In Calcutta and | heaven, 
visiting ships In order that the place should lie self- For several days before his last short illness, m 
supporting. ' though he had a premonition of death, he was heard 

Mrs. Eddy relates an incident which illustrates I frequently sluglng : 
the successful personal efforts of the missionaries ; "O teach me from my heart to say 

"Shortly after we moved into the Coffee Rooms Thy will be dour." 

a lady friend begged us to take her brother, an elderly I A friend in India wrote of him: "In sclf-forget- 
man, Into our home, where he might have home care I fulness and humility he walked among us for a 
during a very painful operation he had to undergo brief day. His perfect gentlen< 
on his eyes. He was a decided unbeliever and ad- i spirit captivated all hearts as he ministered 
dieted to the use of tobacco. The Coffee Rooms bad ; people." 



just been repaired, and as tobacco was very ol 
to as both, we disliked very much to have them 
scented with the smoke. My husband reasoned, 
however, that If we spoke plainly to him forbidding 
bis smoking, tt would torn hint against us and pre- 
vent our winning him to Christ. We went to the 
Lord In prayer about it. A few mornings later hla 
sister told us he had announced to her that he had 
stopped using tobacco in every form. The hlinrinil 
Spirit, who had so quickly touched his heart In 
that respect, revealed to bim his true condition of 
soul, and in a personal Interview Mr. Eddy Boon 
after saw him happily converted to God. My hoe- 
band never (elt that a sonl was fully equipped to 
withstand the wiles of the devil until he had sought 
and found heart purity, and so after a few weeks ot 
careful teaching he entered into 
that experience also. He lived 
only two years. My husband 
died shortly before he did, and 
when the news reached him he 
broke down with grief, because 
he loved him as a brother, say- 
ing, "Can It be that he has out- 
stripped me In the race t ' " 

In December, 1885, Mr. Eddy 
was transferred from Calcutta to 
the principalshlp of the Baldwin 
Schools at Bangalore, Sooth 
India. On the morning of De- 
cember 2 the children and many 
friends of the school were 
gathered In the rooms and bright 
gardens, and gave a glad wel- 
come to the principal and hla 
wife, little thinking that In six 
weeks they would gather at the 
same place with heavy hearts, summoned by the 
angel of death 

On Sunday, January 10, 1886, Mr. Eddy was taken 
ill, and on the Tuesday following (January 12), at 
nine o'clock, he closed his eyes and was at rest with 
God. Shortly before his death the doctor said to 
him, " Yon are a very sick man," and in a tone 
which Implied uncertainly as to his recovery. He 
calmly replied, "All things work together for good 
to them that love God." , 

lie died in early manhood, being only twenty-seven 
years of age. He left no dying testimony, and uttered 
no farewells, but in his life he gave full evidence 




Mrs. Nettie M. Baldwin. 



33 



Dr. J. M. Thoburn, at the memorial services held 
In his honor, said, "None, however prejudiced 
against the experience of perfect love, can say that 
they had not seen a living example of it in Barton 
Eddy." 

His widow writes : " In the few years of our mar- 
ried life I cannot recall a single word, look, or act 
that was not in keeping with this experience. " 

He kept a journal from his twenty-first birthday, 
headed "Notes Along the Highway of Holiness." 
From the first entry, September 2, 1880, to the last, on 
December 3, 1885, it is the life stcry of one who had 
the mind and spirit of Christ. 

Mr. Eddy was buried at Bangalore, India. His 
widow returned to the United States and now resides 
at Berea, O. lie left two children, a son, Milton 
Walker, born December 6, 1884, and a daughter, Har- 
riet Barton, born after the father's death, February 
6,188ft. 

Mtb. Hellie M. Baldwin. 

NELLIE M. GORHAM, daughter of Rev. B. W. 
Gorham, of the Wyoming Conference, was born 
in Guilford, Chenango County, N. Y., July 30, 1839. 
8he was converted and joined the church at ten 
years of age, when her father was stationed at Car- 
bondale, Pa. 

In 1858 her father was stationed at Scranton, Pa., 
and at that place on September 8, 1858, she was 
united in marriage to Rev. S. L. Baldwin, of the New- 
ark Conference, who was under appointment as mis- 
sionary to China. 

On October 4, 1858, she sailed with her husband 
for China, and arrived in Foochow March 19, 1859. 
She entered with diligence u£>on the study of the 
Chinese language and made rapid progress. In the 
spring of 1860 she opened a school for Chinese girls 
In her house, and spent an hour each day with them, 
always opening the school with prayer. 

About the middle of July, 1860, she was taken ill, 
and continued in such poor health that it was found 
necessary for her to leave China.' With her husband 
and little daughter, one year old, she sailed, Decem- 
ber 23, 1860, for the United States, where she hoped 
to recover her health and be able to return to her 
loved work in China. 8he, however, became weaker 
and weaker during the voyage and died at sea near 
midnight March 16, 1861, her last words being : "I am 
happy. I feel strange, but very happy." 

8he was taken to Bingham ton, N. Y., and, after a 
funeral sermon preached by Rev. Dr. Paddock in the 
Court Street Methodist Episcopal Church, she was 
buried in the cemetery on the west bank of the 
Chenango. 

One who knew her well wrote: "Her prominent 
characteristic was energy. Her whole soul was 
thrown into her work, and in the midst of trials and 
disappointments she possessed the same steady aim 
and unfaltering devotion as in brighter moments 
and amid visible successes. With this remarkable 
energy, gentleness was combined in an unusual de- 
gree, and the happy combination of the two consti- 
tuted the great charm of her character." 
3 



The China Methodist Episcopal Mission in Foo- 
chow on May 31, 1861, adopted the following : " We 
have heard with exceeding pain of the death of our 
beloved sister, Mrs. S. L. Baldwin, and while we de- 
plore our own loss, we deeply sympathize with Broth- 
ers Baldwin and Gorham and the Mission Board in 
New York in the afflictive dispensation which has 
removed an estimable and devoted wife, an amiable 
daughter, and an ardent and efficient laborer in the 
mission field." 



Bey. John & Benham, 

JOHN B. BENHAM was born at Rome, N. Y., 
September 20, 1806, and died in New field, N. Y., 
May 1, 1868, of bronchial consumption. He was 
converted at seventeen years of age, and soon after- 
ward commenced preaching. He spent two years at 
Cazenovia Seminar}', and in the spring of 1828 
started out as a missionary to the Indians of Upper 
Canada, and for five years he devotedly labored for 
their good, and with some success. 

He returned to the United States, and in 1834 was 
received on trial in the Oneida Conference and filled 
several charges, giving evidence of both ability as a 
preacher and consecration as a Christian. 

In 1845 he was appointed superintendent of the 
Liberia Mission, and, with his wife, sailed, November 
4, 1845, for his post. Here for three years he was 
abundant in labors, but the climate was against him. 

" Fevers broke his health and brought him, once 
at least, in close proximity to death, and reluctantly 
he bade adieu to Africa with its swarthy millions, 
leaving the blessing of salvation with some to whom 
he had faithfully given the Gospel." 

After his return home his health was sufficiently 
recovered to enable him to serve several charges, 
the last of which was Newfield, where he closed his 
active earthly labors. His interest in the missionary 
cause continued until his death, and he left a bequest 
to the Missionary 8ociety. 

During his last illness he testified that the sting of 
death was gone. He shouted, " Victory, victory, 
through the blood of the Lamb. Glory ! " He sor- 
rowed much to leave his companion, but commended 
her to the care of the Saviour, and said, " We have 
proved many times that the grace of God is sufficient, 
and that promise is valid yet." His last words were, 
" O how sweet it is to sleep." 

His life and labors witnessed his devotion to Christ 
and his willingness to suffer for him. He left two 
works ready for the press, which were afterward 
published. They were: Mixtion Lift in Western Afriem 
and Indian Mux ions. 



I 



" Kingdom of heaven ! whose dawn began 
With love's divine, incarnate breath, 

Our hearts are slow to understand 
The lessons of that life and death. 

" Yet, though with stammering tongues to tell 
Redemption's story, strange and sweet, 

The world's Redeemer, lifted up, 
Shall draw the nations to his feet." 



<34) 
THE MISSIONARY PULPIT. 



The Perfect Law of Liberty.* 



But whoso lookath into the perfect law of liberty, 
and centluueth therein, be being not a forgetful hearer, 
but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed m his 
deed.— James i. 20. 

THE Gospel Is to be understood as the system of 
divine economy In the salvation ot sinners by 
the mediation of Jesus Christ ; embracing all 



doctrines, pre- 
cepts, prom- 
ises, and threats 
enlngs revealed 




listied in I 



■ kingdom of nature display the perfec- 
tions of the Creator, and on this account may be 

The Gospel Imposes obligations from Qod. It 
teaches us the relations existing between God and 
us, and the obligations founded In those relations. 
It will also be the rule of judgment in the last day. 

Sx"i«l. The Gospel Is the law of liberty. It has 
released man from his original relations to the law 
given to Adam in a state of innocence. He Is no 
longer held obliged to the performance of the right- 
eousness of that law as a condition of life, and con- 
sequently is not condemned by it: This is a point 
of so much Importance In the scheme of salvation 
that the character of the Gospel dispensation can 
never be clearly apprehended without it. 

Thin}. The Gospel is Ihe perfect law ot liberty. 
It is perfect in itself. There is no obscurity, no 
weakness, no deficiency in any part of it. As a 
system of doctrine It contains every truth necessary 
to be known in order to salvation. 

The Scheme of the Gospel, in Us terms of justifi- 
cation and life, is suited not to innocent and holy 
creatures, such as man was when he came from the 
creating hand of God, but to beings guilty and 
polluted, such as man is in his state of trans- 
gression. These terms are repentance toward God 
and faith in our Lord Jesus Christ ; both of which 
necessarily Involve sin and guilt. 

■ Extracts (rnm a sermon preached January 14, 1827. 



It Is In vain to urge that man cannot obey the 
requisitions of the Gospel because he la a sinful 
creature. If he were not a sinner, ho could not obey 
those requisitions, because they would be entirely 
unsuitable to his condition. How could man In 
nls pristine Innocence, or angels who hare not 
sinned, obey these commands ot (he Gospel f Sin- 
ners can obey them, and sinners only. 

There is a further perfection of ntness in the 
gracious aid which the Gospel affords to sinners. 
The grace of God, which brlngeth salvation, has not 
only appeared to all men, but Its manifestation Is In 
perfect adaptation to the circumstances of those to 
whom it is made. Has sin darkened the under- 
standing, perverted the Judgment, and blinded the 
conscience of man! Is he Ignorant of God and 
himself ! The Gospel is light-unsullied light— a 
light shining into this darkness — "the true light that 
llghteth every man that cometb Into the world." 
Neither Christian, Jew, nor heathen Is excluded 
from this divine illumination. The manifestation of 
the truth commends itself in every man's conscience. 
The Bplrlt reproves the world of sin, ot righteousness, 
and of judgment. 

The grace of the Gospel comes down to his lowest 
condition of weakness and helplessness. It comes 
to bring him help and strength— not only to open 
his eyes that he may see his sin and bis danger, bnt 
to enable him to turn away from It, and lay hold on 
eternal life. Imperfect indeed would be the Gospel 
system If, while it proclaimed the impotency and 
misery of sinners, It brought no strength to their 
weakness, no relief to their misery. Jesus never In- 
vites helpless and perishing souls lo come to him 
when he does not supply all that is necessary to en- 
able them to obey the Invitation. 

We have a twofold concern with ihe Gospel : a 
concern ot duty or obligation, and a concern of In- 
terest or privilege. As a concern of duty or obliga- 
tion we are required to examine it attentively and 
carefully. The Gospel addresses itself to our un- 
derstanding. It Is a grand, harmonious system. It 
professes to be a revelation from heaven, and to 
support its claims by the authority of God himself, 
having the eternal salvation of man as its object. 

Whatever right of government or control the 
Deity might claim over bis sinful creatures it has 
pleased him In this most merciful economy (o stoop 
down lo our low condition— to instruct nn, to rea- 
son with us, and to Invite us to reason with him. 
It becomes us. therefore, to listen attentively to his 
instructions, and to examine carefully the message 
he has sent us. 

The mind must be disciplined to meditation upon 
these things. Habits of Indolence are lo be over- 
come. Our indisposition to thinking must be sub- 
dued. But It is not enough that we look narrowly 
and diligently into the perfect law of liberty In the 
way ot examination. We have a far more extensive 
concern of duty and obligation with it. It Is the 
rule of our obedience. It is Christ's yoke which we 
are obliged to take upon us. 



Letting the Light Shine. 



35 



But we have a coDoern of interest, of privilege, in 
the Gospel ; and oar interest in it is designed as a 
powerful motive to action. It is emphatically the 
Gospel of our salvation. It provides and makes 
known the way, the only way, of salvation. There is 
no other ground of hope, no other means of access 
to God, no other ministry of reconciliation, no other 
law of liberty, no other fountain of pardon, peace, 
and life. If we fail of being saved by the Gospel, we 
are lost— inevitably and forever lost. What an 
interest have we, then, in this scheme of salvation ! 

Add to this the blessedness of those who look into 
the Gospel, and continue steadfast in sincere and 
humble obedience to its holy commandments. The 
blessings of pardon, peace, and holiness are their 
inheritance on earth, and a far more exceeding and 
eternal weight of glory their portion in heaven. 



Letting the Light Shine. 

BY COUNT A. BERNSTORFF. 

Let your light so shine before- men, that they may see 
your good works, and glorify your Father which is in 
heaven.— Matt. 5. 16. 

CHRISTIANS owe it to the world to let their light 
shine. How is the world to learn to know Christ 
if not by the testimony of those who know him ? No 
unbeliever has seen Christ since his resurrection. He 
only showed himself to his own people, but they 
went about testifying to eyewitnesses that Christ 
had risen indeed. Just the same law prevails now. 
The unbeliever does not see Christ by the eye of faith. 
He must learn to trust those who have seen him un- 
til he himself sees. 

Therefore every living Christian is a steward over 
God's mysteries, and he is called to be faithful. 
Therefore the Church, the company of real believers, 
is the pillar of truth. Only those who have experi- 
enced the blessed secret of the new birth can lead 
others to it ; therefore they do a great wrong if they 
refrain from testifying to it. 

But how are we to witness? Undoubtedly In a 
twofold manner— by our word and by our life. The 
one is insufficient without the other. The word is 
necessary to explain the truth, to make it intelligi- 
ble, but the life must show that the words are true. 
The injunction to let our light shine evidently refers 
more to the profession of our lives. 

Only he can let his light shine who has light. The 
natural man who lives without God in this world 
lives in darkness. He is without the divine light. 
It is not the human light of our intellect, or even of 
of our morality, that God wants to shine. That 
would be a poor light indeed I But is the light even 
of Christian lives such that it is worth showing oft* ? 

What we are to let shine is not ourselves, but our 
light ; not our persons, but that which God has given 
ns. We have a splendid example of this in nature. 
The moon has no light of her own, but when the 
light of the sun can reach her she throws her gentle 
light into onr dark nights. The Christian also has 
no light of his own. But when he is in contact with 
Jesus, who is the light of life, he can communicate 
this light to others. Not the faces of Moses and 



Stephen only were brightened by divine light. In 
every Christian's face we see the peace and joy which 
only a soul can have whose sins are washed away. 

If our faith is sincere, it will change our whole life 
—our affections as well as our doings. 8hall we 
make a secret of it, that our hearts are more drawn 
to the prayer meeting than to the ball room ? If the 
world is to have better affections, it must see that the 
change in ours is genuine. Many vices can be kept 
back by human energy. But that is a different thing 
from the work of Christ, who delivers us from the 
power of vice. 

What a mighty impulse this thought gives us, 
really to review our life and to see whether it is up 
to its great mission. We are to live for Christ in 
this world as his witnesses. Men who see our good 
works are to praise not us, but our Father in heaven. 
We are not to exhibit ourselves in this world as speci- 
mens of virtue for our own glory, but we are to live 
such a life that people who see it marvel what God 
can make out of man. 



The Blessedness of Giving. 

There is that scattereth, and yet increaseth ; and there 
is that withholdeth more than is meet, but it tendeth to 
poverty.— Prov. 11. 24. 

SOME professors spend more money foroysterseach 
year than for the missionary cause ; others give 
more for tickets to lectures, concerts, new bonnets, 
etc., than for the preacher. They are always of the 
kind who complain the most about the church, the 
quality of the sermons, and the coldness of the mem- 
bership. Giving nothing, or but little, for the Lord's 
cause, they find life an awkward thing— seldom pay- 
ing with promptness their debts or accumulating 
property. 

As with individuals, so with churches. In refusing 
to give they bring barrenness and deadness on them- 
selves. Said an eminent layman once, making a plat- 
form missionary address: "I have heard of churches 
starving out from a saving spirit ; but I have never 
heard of one dying of benevolence. If I could hear 
of one such, I would make a pilgrimage to it by 
night, and in that quiet solitude, with the moon 
shining and the aged elm waving, I would put my 
hand on the moss-clad ruins and, gazing on the ven- 
erable scene, would say, ' Blessed are the dead who 
die in the Lord.' " — Preacher** Lantern. 



The Light of the Gospel 

The darkness is past, and the true light now shlneth.— 

1 John 2. 8. 

I. The Darkness of the Past. 

1. The darkness of heathenism. 2. The dark- 
ness of Judaism. 3. The darkness of a cor- 
rupt Christianity. 

II. The Light of the Present. 

1. The Bible. 2. Preaching of the word. 
3. Education. 4. The press. 
HI. The Glory to be Revealed. 

1. Universal progress. 2. Universal brother- 
hood. 8. Universal prevalence of Chris- 
tianity. W. W. Wythe. 



(36) 



MISSIONARY CONCERT. 



Program. 

Topic: «• The World." 

Scripture Reading : Acts 17. 22-31. 

Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 906 : 

Jesus, immortal King, arise ; 
Assert thy rightful sway. 

Prater : For the continual and rapidly increasing 
progress of Christianity in all lands. 
Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 918 : 

Sovereign of worlds! display thy power ; 
Be this thy Zion's favored hour. 

Address: The World : Its Population, Political 
Divisions ; Religions, Protestant Missions, Destiny. 
Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 982: 

The morning light is breaking; 
The darkness disappears. 

Collection. 

References : Mission* at Home and Abroad ; For- 
eign Missions After a Century ■, by J. S. Dennis; A Hun- 
dred Years of Missions, by D. L. Leonard ; Missionary 
Expansion Since the Reformation, by J. A. Graham ; 
A Concise History of Missions, by E. M. Bliss. 



The World. 

THE population of the world Is estimated at 
1,575,000,000, and it is believed will bo 1,600,- 
000,000 in 1901. 
The population is distributed : 

North America 93,000,000 

South America 38,000,000 

Europe . . . 370,000,000 

Asia 893,000,000 

Africa 1 75,000,000 

The islands 6,000,000 

The population of most islands is estimated with 
the continents. 
The population is divided religiously Into : 

Christians 520,000,000 

Non-Christians 1,055,000,000 

The Christians are divided into : 

Oriental Christians 120,000,000 

Protestants 185,000,000 

Roman Catholics 215,000,000 

The Non-Christians are divided into : 

Jews 9,000,000 

Mohammedans 195,000,000 

Heathen 851,000,000 

The heathen are known under the names of Bud- 
dhists, Taoists, Confucianists, Shintoists, Hindus, 
Sikhs, Jains, Parsees, and Pagans. 

Protestant Foreign Missions. 

Protestant missions have made great advances 
during the present century. In 1799 there were but 
six Protestant mission organizations for foreign 
missions, with 150 missionaries, 7,000 native commu- 
nicants, and an income of $50,000. Twenty-one years 
afterward (1820) there were 20 organizations, with 
421 male missionaries, 1 unmarried female mission- 
ary, 7 native ministers, 166 other native helpers, 21,- 
787 native communicants, and an Income of $610,000. 



In 1859 there were 98 missionary organizations, 
with 2,032 male missionaries, 76 unmarried female 
missionaries, 1G9 native ministers, 5,785 native help- 
ers, 227,000 native communicants, and an income of 
$4,590,000. 

In 1897 there were 367 missionary organizations, 
with 6,576 male missionaries, 3,982 unmarried female 
missionaries, 4,185 native ministers, 67,754 other na- 
tive helpers, 1,448,861 native communicants, and an 
income of $14,513,970. If to the missionaries shall 
be added the wives of missionaries, who are often as 
efficient and useful as their husbands, we have about 
14,000 foreign missionaries working among non- 
Christians. 

The non-Christians are increasing much faster 
than the Christians, but this need not discourage us. 
Christianity is leavening the non-Christian nations 
and peoples and preparing them for the rapid prog- 
ress of Protestant missions. Christians are feeling 
as never before the claims of the heathen workl upon 
them. The year 1900 should witness a great in- 
crease of missionary enthusiasm, liberality, and 
evangelization. 



A Plea for the Heathen. 

The night of the world is falling, 
And brothers 1 no common cry 

Comes out from the distance, calling 
The multitude passing by : 

" O leave us not here to perish, 
Christ died not alone for you ; 

Your dear ones ye well may cherish, 
But can ye not love us too * 

" Glad tiding your own hearts filling 
Should surely o'erflow to all ; 

O answer 1 Are none of you willing 
To follow your Master's call ? " 

True, heathen at home are living, 
But this world is a world of sin, 

And the most you can do in striving 
Can never the whole world win. 

It is not for the want of pleading 
Men go on their way unstirred : 

But the Gospel they pass unheeding 
The heathen have never heard. 

The sweetness of God's salvation 
Is still to the world unknown, 

And many a mighty nation 
Does homage to wood or stone. 

Have ye nothing to do or proffer ? 

If it cost you aught to bring, 
And a full heart prompts the offer, 

You may give to Him any thing. 

The Master himself will measure 
Your part in this solemn call ; 

He noticed the rich man's treasure, 
He valued the widow's all 

The world for its Lord is waiting \ 

O, with pity unfelt before, 
And a zeal that is unabating, 

Press in through the open door. 

Go ye ! 'Tis a high endeavor ! 

And happy are all who toil ; 
The battle will not be forever, 

And you shall divide the spoil. 



—Sikh, 



(87) 



TIDINGS FROM MISSION FIELDS. 



The Superintendent of the Madras Publishing 
House and His Flans. 

BY J. H. STEPHENS. 

I HAVE known Dr. A. W. Rudisill very intimately 
from the date of his first landing in India, now 
more than fourteen years. My church connections 
as local preacher, recording steward, treasurer, and 
Sunday school superintendent put me into very 
close connection with him all the time he was pastor 
and Presiding Elder of the Vepery Circuit. ,As a 
member of the Publishing House Committee I was 
associated with Dr. Rudisill from almost the begin- 
ning of the now magnificent Press and Publishing 
House at Madras. 

I have found the doctor very keen in all business 
transactions, quick to see and to solve difficulties, 
undaunted by discouragements, laborious, hard- 
working, and painstaking in pushing his work on to 
success. Without these qualities the Madras Metho- 
dist Episcopal Press and Publishing House could not 
have been the great institution it now is, turning 
out work of the highest order, and of a variety 
hitherto unknown in the whole of southern Asia. 

The doctor has been explaining his building 
schemes to me. They are only the natural result of 
the work already done. I consider them all very 
practical and necessary. The little leaflets must go 
forth by the million, in all languages, into every 
nook and corner of Asia, into every street, and alley, 
and home, and hut, as the eternal voice of the loving 
Father calling, with an unceasing, importunate call 
to his children. This loving " compelling " of them 
to " come in " must not stop in volume or in energy 
till all the heathen acknowledge Christ as Lord, or 
till time shall cease. 

Dr. Rudisill has building projects for these leaflets, 
as well as for a large audience room, where the cul- 
tured heathen can be attracted and reached. It so 
happens, in the providence and leading of God, that 
the Publishing House, and the land attached to it, 
on which he purposes to build, are not only in the 
busiest thoroughfare of the city, but also near the 
Cosmopolitan Club, where the cultured heathen, the 
leaders of the people, daily assemble. With an 
audience room properly arranged, and the proximity 
of the heathen club as a help, there should be no diffi- 
culty in attracting and reaching these cultured 
heathen, skilled in all the heavy philosophy and rit- 
ual enshrouding degrading idolatry. 

The doctor also desires, by the aid of electricity 
and other modern discoveries, to flash out Gospel 
messages in the darkness and in the void above the 
buildings, which everyone cannot help seeing. 

His plans are all very practical and feasible, and 
something which must be done. The awakened 
voice of a living Church, the representative of its 
Hying God, is bound to make use of all the intelli- 
gent discoveries which enter the new century as 
mediums and powers given by him to proclaim him- 
self. The old order perisheth. It has done no more 
than to " prepare the way " for the new order, which 



must go forth with an energy and a holy violence 
unknown to anything which went before it. It is no 
use praying " Thy kingdom come " without doing 
all in one's power to hurry it on. 

Dr. Rudisill has left Ms beautiful country, which I 
so much admired, and has come out into what majr 
be considered the world's "highways and hedges." 
Will not Christian America do all in its power, and 
its power is great and God-given, to compel the 
heathen to " come in ? " The compulsion is the free 
use of all the most advanced discoveries in proclaim- 
ing God's word, to do which Dr. Rudisill now solic- 
its your aid. 

In the press and bindery and other works con- 
nected therewith Dr. Rudisill has had to employ 
quite a large number of little boys. From the apti- 
tude shown by these youngsters and the quickness 
with which they pick up new things he desires to 
make his Press also a great industrial institution, 
where boys can be quickly taught and sent out to 
earn their own living. In the large government 
buildings I have had to construct I hajl a great deal 
to do with such boys, and know the nimbleness of 
their fingers, and the sharpness of their intellects, 
and the quickness with which they pick up what is 
considered the most difficult of the high art works of 
the West, like cathedral-stained glass work, for in- 
stance. I very heartily approve of this branch of 
Dr. Rudi sill's scheme, and in the practical good he 
will be doing a large number of Indian boys, and in 
the good influences with which he will surround 
them, he will be opening out one other great road to 
the kingdom. 

Bangalore, India, July 10, 1899. 



The Methodist Mission in Sindh* 

BY REV. W. D. WALLER. 

I AM pastor of our English church in Karachi, 
India, and in this capacity also act as Wesleyan 
chaplain to over 100 Wesleyan soldiers stationed 
there. Our membership (civilian) is not very strong 
numerically, being only about 50; but we have a 
goodly number of adherents who may be added to 
this number, as practically they are one with us. 

Except in large presidency towns, such as Cal- 
cutta, Bombay, and Madras, the English-speaking 
classes are not numerous. Our English church 
raises about 300 rupees a month for the support of 
the ministry and church, and we have church prop- 
erty here valued at over 20,000 rupees, all of which 
represents local effort, nothing having been contrib- 
uted by the Missionary Society. 

In addition to the English work under my charge 
there is a growing native work. The prospects 
for this missionary work are most encouraging, 
and the only obstacles in the way of a big ad- 
vance are very necessary funds and capable work- 
ers. I have this year up to date baptized 63 adults 
and 9 children from 'Hinduism and Mohammed- 
anism, and before the year is out hope that the 
number will have reached over 100. How my heart 



38 



The Methodist Mission in Central China. 



sings for joy and my eyes fill with tears of gratitude 
as I record these accessions ; but these are but the 
first fruits of a glorious harvest that I am firmly 
convinced shall be gathered in. The Lord seems to 
have given these people into our hands. Now, 1 wish 
you could see for yourself how willingly they listen 
to our teaching and how anxious they seem to 
know more about the Gospel. They belong chiefly 
to what are called " the low caste "—just the class 
from which all great religious movements have begun. 

Not long ago I was petitioned by a whole commu- 
nity to open a boarding school. " We will gladly 
give you our children," said they, " to be instructed 
and brought up." What a blessing this would be 
if we could but get hold of the children. 

Practically my native work has been supported by 
my English congregation this year, so that we have 
not come far short of Bishop Taylor's plan to make 
our English work in India a basis for supporting 
and developing native work. 

I must explain in regard to the converts I have 
baptized this year ; they are for the most part Guzer- 
atis and Punjabis. These are not natives of Sindh, 
but have in large numbers settled down in Karachi 
and are employed in government and municipal 
work. 

We have not been able to do anything as yet 
among the Sindhis. There are from three to four 
million Sindhis in Sindh. Hitherto they have proven 
very inaccessible. I do not think there are five 
Sindhi Christians in the whole of Sindh, and this 
after one society (Church Missionary Society) labor- 
ing for over sixty years in Sindh. 

The first and only Sindhi convert in Karachi was 
baptized about four or five years ago, and, curious 
enough, he was led to decide for Christ through the 
instrumentality of the Rev. Dennis Osborne, of our 
church. This young man, a bright, intelligent 
young fellow, had been under conviction for some 
time, but was afraid to openly confess Christ, for 
a Sindhi to confess Christ means disownment, 
social ostracism, and bitterest persecution even 
unto death. However, this young man attended 
some special services which Brother Osborn was 
conducting in our English church. Here he got so 
blessed and so convicted of his duty that he went the 
following day to the Church Missionary Society mis- 
sionary (Rev. A. E. Ball) and asked him to baptize 
him before his resolution failed him again. He was 
baptized, and had in consequence to leave " all " for 
Christ— " father, mother, houses, and land." He 
lived a consistent, faithful Christian, and went to 
his reward during the last epidemic of plague. 



The Methodist Mission in Central China, 

BY REV. A. J. BOWEN. 

THE Methodist Church in Central China is doing 
its appointed work, and, true to its spirit, is 
not satisfied with present success. At the recent 
sessions of the Estimate Meetings of the members 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society and the 
members of the Parent Board 17 new missionaries 
were asked for Central China for the coming year, 



10 by the ladies and 7 by the Mission. We all felt 
that this was the least possible number we could ask 
for, as large fields stand open for each one, and will 
remain unoccupied until more men and women are 
sent. 

God has given us largely during the past year— 
1,715 souls more than the previous year ; and we are 
persuaded that the field is ripe for the harvest, and 
that the laborers are too few. We ask earnestly for 
more laborers. 

God is saving this people, and will save, but ac- 
cording to the faith and self-sacrifice of the Church. 
Give, and you shall increase, withhold, and you 
shall not lay up riches, whether they be dollars or 
stars in the heavenly crown. 

Brother Nichols and Miss Abbott, on Nan-chang 
Circuit, have happy faces and full hearts over the 
triumphs of the Gospel there, and are planning for a 
large work during the next year. 

The oldest work in our Mission, Kiukiang Circuit, 
left vacant by the return of Brother Wright, has 
been neglected, except as our superintendent has 
had time and opportunity to visit some of the sta- 
tions. 

Brother James, at Nanking, and Brother Newman, 
at Wuhu, have been incessant in labors for converts, 
and also for making the churches pure, while 
Brother Little, at Yang-chow, like Sidney Smith in 
Yorkshire, is raising not a little dust, and withal 
much interest in that conservative city. 

Kiukiang Institute, under the efficient manage- 
ment of Brother Jackson, is doing a splendid work 
for the Church, a work which is bearing increas- 
ingly abundant and precious fruit. • 

Chinkiang Institute is trying to teach the hands as 
well as the head and heart, but has been greatly » 
handicapped during the year by the unavoidable 
absence of the principal performing the duties that 
fall to the superintendent. 

Nanking University, founded and supported by 
the Church, is trying to make the most of the high 
privileges of a Christian college in a heathen land. 
As President Ibuka, of Japan, has said that her best 
men were coming from the Christian schools, so we 
believe that China's best men will be developed in 
the Christian institutions. 

The Central China Mission's greatest need at pres- 
ent is the hearty sympathy and the fervent prayers 
of the home Church. We can do much with little 
money and few men, but we are helpless without the 
supplications of God's people for his kingdom. 



Onr School at New TJmtali, Rhodesia. 

BY REV. MORRIS W. EHNE8. 

UNDER the direction of Bishop Hartzell, Mrs. 
Ehnes and I sailed from New York on Septem- 
ber 3, 1898, en route to Umtali, arriving here on 
October 15, the day agreed upon by Bishop Hartzell 
and the British South Africa Company, to take over 
a large tract of land and several buildings at a point 
ten miles from here, and four stands in the village 
and twenty acres on the commonage for school and 
church purposes. 



The Building of Korean Chapels. 



We, found a school conducted by a lady, who was 
unable to make It a success on account of poor 
health, and the public dissatisfied with the accom- 
modation (or their children. By a satisfactory ar- 
rangement with the lady she conceded her school to 
nj without any compensation on our part and gave 
us every aseiatanco she could. 

The oooperation of the government was next se- 
cured, and a small two-room house rented for our 
home, and a small two-room building tor our 
school at a rental ol $86 per month. Everything was 
now In readiness to begin our work. 



highly of our school. Lately t 

taken from Natal schools and brought here. Our 
enrollment this month la 27, and we are extremely 

Besides teaching school we are conducting a weekly 
prayer meeting, which has had an average attend- 
ance of eight. These little gatherings are very help- 
ful and God Is blessing us. I am also conducting a 
Sunday evening service for the railway men, which 
Is very well attended. God Is gradually opening the 
way for us In this part of the continent. 

If our school continues to Increase, we shall, soon 




However, by some misfortune our school desks 
and books were delayed, bnt the former teacher gave 
os the loan of her books, etc., until ours should ar- 
rive. On November 25 we opened our school with 
an enrollment of 13. The rainy season bad begun, 
bnt the people wanted their children to attend school 
and we were anxious to begin. It was rather trying 
on ns as newcomers, walking about a mile through 
rain and mud to school, but we did our best and 
trusted God. 

Before Christmas we bad an enrollment of 17. Al- 
lowing only two weeks' holiday, we opened again 
with 90. About March the fever season began and 
many of our pupils were HI. Borne removals also 
cut down our attendance. 

We became somewhat anxious, because our ex- 
penses were a good deal more than our Income, so 
we began to look for cheaper buildings, and the be- 
ginning of May we heard of one that was to be va- 
cated ; there was one large room, which had been 
used for a store, and two small rooms, each 11x12 
feet, tor dwelling purposes. This building was cen- 
trally located, and would give us a much better 
schoolroom, and our home under (he same roof. 
After praying for it constantly for over two months 
God Anally gave ns tills building, In which we are 
now located. Our rents are a little more than half 
and our accommodations much better In every way. 

Our schoolroom Is furnished with American desks, 
a large blackboard, and the room is well lighted and 
comfortable. The people are well pleased with our 
system, which la thorough aud rigid, and speak very 



The Building of Korean Chapels. 

OP the many problems that confront the mission- 
ary, " eeli-enpport " on the Pyeng Tang Circuit 
in Korea does not present the grave difficulties that 
It does in some other fields. 

I commenced work on this circuit a little over 
three years ago. A small room In the city of Pyeng 
Tang was the only place of worship that represented 
our Church In the whole north of Korea. Since then 
we have built seven chapels without a cent of money 
from the Board at home. Not only have our people 
bnllt the chapels, but have kept them In repair, paid 
all the running expenses, and in some cases enlarged 
the buildings and built schoolhouses. 

The reason that leads the people to build churches 
so easily is twofold. First, the lore of the Eastern 
people for a Spectacular religion ; tbe Korean Is In 
earnest, but faith In an intangible being Is a' new 
thought, and he often hungers for something that 
will appeal to the senses, and takes easily to ritual- 
ism. One expression of that feeling Is the building 
of tbe chapel, and when once the congregation has 
taken up its abode In Its new home It requires con- 
stant watchfulness and effort on the part of the mis- 
sionary to lead their thought from the building to Him 
whom 



The second cause, and the princ.l$«,l o 






40 



A Parting Scene in, Africa. 



fact that the homes of the people in the country are 
not large enough to accommodate even a small num- 
ber that would gather. A room eight by twelve is a 
large room for a country house, and in some villages 
there are no rooms outside the women's quarters, 
and then it is impossible to gather unless a family is 
ready to move out for such an occasion. 

Chapels, as generally built by our people, cost 
about twenty dollars, but require, on the part of the 
church members, as much thought and preparation 
as a church in a country village in America costing 
13,000, and when built they are quite as proud of 
them. 

We have two ways of collecting money— by Sun- 
day contributions and special subscriptions. By the 
latter method, when friendly rivalry enhances their 
enthusiasm, they will often give all their living for a 
considerable period. A short time ago, after a Sun- 
day service I asked for contributions to enlarge our 
church. While talking I noticed a gray-haired man 
over seventy years old listening very attentively. 
He sat well up to the front. His white hair and 
beard aided by a late sickness made him appear 
especially aged. He had walked thirty-two miles to 
attend this service, having saved his money for a 
long time to pay his way at the inns while on the 
journey. After I had made the request for money 
he pulled a string of cash from around his waist, all 
the money he had, and gave it to the church, putting 
his trust in the One who cares for the old. 

It is necessary for the missionary to present the 
needs of building the chapel while the class is in its 
first love. Korea is an ancient land, but the people 
are childlike, and, when corrected of old habits are 
moved more by sentiment and impulse than by rea- 
son. One might call the first two years of their 
Christian life the enthusiastic period ; then com- 
mences the thoughtful period; that is a time of 
awakening to the deeper things of Christianity. The 
latter sometimes proves to be the sifting period. It 
is often easier to give up spirit worship, build 
chapels, and support schools, having for a reward 
the fellowship and security of the Christian com- 
munity, than to take up the cross of a constant, pure 
life, and interpret life not only with privileges, but 
with duties that bring no apparent reward. 

When it has been decided to build a church, 
generally the greater part of the amount needed is 
collected, and then the work begins. Those who are 
able to cut timber go to the woods, which generally 
are a long way off, as timber in this country is very 
scarce; others level the ground and do other work 
that their previous experience will permit, all using 
the most primitive of tools. In six or eight weeks 
the church is completed ; the walls of mud, the roof 
of straw, and the floor of stone and mud, under 
which the fire is kindled to warm the building. The 
pastor is informed that the chapel is completed, and 
a request is sent that he should come and dedicate 
the building to the service of God. The dedication 
is always impressive. A home has been built for 
the weary pilgrim. He and his ancestors have long 
wandered without a place of rest. The long, weary 
centuries drag their heavy length before his view, 



and make their round without a sign of progress or 
hope ; but at last for him and for his children the 
pain and fear have been removed. And for^im- 
peace — ah, what peace— as he hopes for the Church 
triumphant. 

A Farting Scene in Africa. 

(A quotation from a letter of Rev. H. C. Witney oa 
leaving Africa for America, September, 1889.) 

rwas quite a mournful time the morning we 
came away, many of the natives being in tears; 
at the same time we had a very loving separation 
from the brethren, after a season of prayer, and 
singing, " God be with you till we meet again." 

The last Sunday before we had a very impressive 
time. Four of the boys, of their own accord, having 
made an earnest request to be baptized before we 
left, I examined them quite thoroughly in the claas 
meeting, and afterward Brother Dodson called to- 
gether the four brethren who were there, and we 
had an hour or more of. conference and prayer 
about it, after which we all concluded that the 
clearest thing to do was to accede to their re- 
quest. 

Sebastiao Ribeiro and Isabella also presented an 
infant to be baptized, 'and we had a very solemn 
service. We all felt the occasion was a very fitting 
one for our last Sabbath in Quiongoa. I felt much 
drawn out in prayer for the precious souls there 
all the way down to Loanda (225 miles). May the 
Lord watch over them. I felt fully persuaded in my 
mind that I was coming out in the order of God. 
Never till then did I feel that the way was open. 



Calcutta Publishing House and Bengali Ohuxoh. 

BY REV. JOSEPH CULSHAW. 

I JOINED the Methodist Mission January 4, 1898, 
and was appointed by Bishop Thoburn to the 
Methodist Pu bushing nouse, Calcutta. I arrived in 
Calcutta January 7, 1893, and have been engaged in 
our Press ever since in the capacity of manager. In 
January, 1898, I was appointed agent of the Press. 
I am now agent of the Press and preacher in charge 
of the Calcutta Bengali Church. In the Press we 
publish the Indian Wittitxs, Indian Bpworth Herald, 
and the Mohila Ikindhub (the Woman's Friend 
in Bengali), all our own Church publications. We 
also publish (htr Indian Magazine, the organ of the 
Y. W. C. A., and the The White Iiibbon, the organ of 
the W. C. T. U. We also publish other papers, Sun- 
school and Bengali tract literature. 

The Bengali Church has a membership of 145, and 
77 probationers and 15G baptized children. We have 
a native pastor, Rakhal Chumder Biswas, who is 
a great help to the preacher in charge. The mem- 
bers of the church are from various classes of society 
— schoolboys and girls from our own schools, cooks, 
house-servants, carpenters, clerks, <fec. We have a 
fully organized church, with Sunday school, Epworth 
League, <fec, in full operation. We have the joy oc- 
casionally of seeing genuine conversions. 



(41) 



MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF TIIE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 
Methodist Episoopal Foreign Missionaries Pastl R 6 *- Wm - Goodfeilow and wife (Mary E. Demp- 

and Present I 8ter * arrive<i in Argentina, South America, Decem- 

ana xrese *, ^ ^ lg5 ^ ^ d teft AugU8t 9j 1869 Dr Goodfel- 

Connected with the Work of the Missionary Society. low died in Chicago, 111., November 3, 1898. Mrs. 

WE give this month a list of missionaries whose Goodfellow resides in Chicago, 

names commence with G, II, I, and J, and shall Rev. Frank Ambrose Goodwin arrived in India 

be glad to know if any have been omitted, if any mis- December 19, 1874. His wife (Elizabeth Bunton) 

takes have been made, or if our readers can furnish followed him in 1875. They left Calcutta February 

information that will make our record more com- 19, 1881, and Mr. Goodwin died August, 16, 1881, 



plete. The present missionaries are in italic. 

G 

Rev. John Ward Gamble arrived in India 
December 16, 1878 ; left December 27, 1879. In New 
Jersey Conference. P. O., Vineland, N. J. 

Rev. Francis Dunlap Gamrwell arrived in China 
October 22, 1881 ; married Mary Q. Porter June 29, 
1883; returned to United States in April, 1887; 
sailed for North China Jnly 26, 1889. Professor in 
Peking University. P. O., Peking, China. 

Rev. Joseph Hendry Garden arrived in India De- 
cember 31, 1884 ; married Frances Elizabeth Bycrs ter, N. Y. 

June 1, 1887 ; is preacher in charge of Vikarabad. Rev. Richardson Gray, M.D., arrived in India 
P. O., Vikarabad, India. October 20, 1873 ; married Margaret G. Budden 

Rev. Otis Gibson and wife (Eliza Chamberlin) ar- J June 9, 1875 ; returned in 1883. Is practicing medi- 
rived in China August 12, 1855 ; left March 11, 1865. \ c ine in East Orange, N. J. 



at Biddeford, Me. Mrs. Goodwin resides at 111 Ren- 
wick Avenue, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Rev. Charles W. Gordon, one of Bishop Taylor's 
missionaries in Angola, Africa, was recognized by 
the Board of Managers as a missionary of the Society 
April 19, 1898. He arrived in Angola in March, 
1885. P. O., Malange, Angola, Africa. 

Rev. John Talbot Gracey and wife (Anna Ryder) 
sailed for India June 1, 1861, arrived in Lucknow, 
India, October 22, 1861, and left in 1868, arriving in 
New York May 7. Dr. Gracey is now in the Genesee 
Conference and resides at 177 Pearl Street, Roches- 



Dr. Gibson organized the Chinese Mission in San 
Francisco, Cal., in 1868, and died January 25, 1889, 
in San Francisco, Cal. Mrs. Gibson lives at 912 
Dolores Street, San Francisco, Cal. 

Rev. George King Gilder joined the India Mission in 
1874; married June 12, 1879. Mrs. Gilder died May 
19, 1881. Mr. Gilder married Emily A. Caldwell Sep- 
tember 12, 1882, who died October 6, 189$. Mr. 
Gilder is Presiding Elder of the Godavery District, 
8outh India Conference. P. O., Raipur, Central 
Provinces, India. 

Rev. Joseph Hamilton Gill and wife (Mary Elizabeth 
Ensign) arrived in India December 14, 1871. Mr. 
Gill is Presiding Elder of the Garhwal District, North 
India Conference, and preacher in charge at Panri. 
P. O., Pauri, India. 

Rev. James P. GUliland and wife (Nannie) went to 
the West Coast of South America in 1879. Mrs. GU- 
liland died in Serena, Chili, March 30, 1892. Mr. 
GUliland returned in 1894, married Adaline Pratt 
Lewis, and went to Argentina, South America, in 
1808, sailing from New York July 2. Is preacher in 
charge at Concordia. P. O., Concordia, Argentina. 

Rev. Archibald Gilruth arrived in India November 
6, 1878 ; married Agnes Mulligan in Bombay, June 
11, 1884; left India, February 7, 1890. In Ohio Con- 
ference. P. O., Richmond Dale, O. 

Rev. Wallace Jonathan Gladwin arrived in India 
in 1871 ; married Dora Miles in 1876 ; became an in- 
dependent missionary in 1882; died January 11, 
1807, in Bombay. 

Miss Mary A. Gouchenour sailed for China in 1893, 
and married in China, in June, 1894, Dr. W. F. Sey- 
mour, a missionary of the Presbyterian Church. 

8. M. E. Goheen, M.D., went to Liberia in 1836 
and returned in 1841. 



Rev. Charles A. Gray arrived in Singapore, Malay- 
sia, July 1, 1889, and died in August, 1889, in Singa- 
pore. 

Miss Vesta O. Greer went to China in 1887; re- 
turned in 1890 and married a minister of the Dutch 
Reformed Church, Rev. Mr. Pool. 

James J. Gregory, M.D., and wife went to China 
in 1888 and returned in 1896. Mrs. Gregory died 
August 16, 1896, and Dr. Gregory died in January, 
1897. 

Mr. G. P. Gregory went to Chili in 18W and left 
the Mission in 1895 to engage in independent work. 

Mr. Eddy Horace Greeley and wife (Elizabeth C. 
Shults) sailed for Liberia May 15, 1894. Mrs. Gree- 
ley died April 19, 1897, at White Plains, Liberia, and 
Mr. Greeley returned in July, 1898. Resides at 803 
Case Avenue, Cleveland, O. 

Rev. Charles Wesley Green and wife (Sallie Q. 
Stevenson) arrived in Japan August 20, 1882; left 
July 17, 1890. Iu Philadelphia Conference. P. O., 
Pen Argyl, Pa. 

Rev. Wm. Green and wife (Emma Aveline) ar- 
rived in Mexico in March, 1887 ; left in May, 1895. 
Mr. Green is a supernumerary preacher of the New 
York Conference. 

Rev. Almon Witter Greenman and mfe (May Rosa- 
mond Gammon) arrived in Mexico May 20, 1880 ; re- 
turned to the United States in 1889 ; sailed for South 
America in November, 1890. Dr. Greenman is Pre- 
siding Elder of the First District, South America 
Conference, and Publishing Agent. P. O., Buenos 
Ayres, Argentina. 

Rev. Wm. Henry Grenon and wife (Emma Chris- 
tine) joined the India Mission in 1891. Mr. Grenon 
is pastor of the Jabalpur English Church. P. O., 
Jabalpur, India. 



42 Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 



Hcv. Charles Minot Griffith and wife (Elva) sailed 
for Chili March 20, 1895 ; returned in October, 1898. 
In North Nebraska Conference. P. O., Pendee, Neb. 

Rev. Wm. Groves and wife (Clara) sailed for 
Chili, South America, in December, 1893 ; returned 
in 1898. Mr. Groves is supplying Linn Creek 
Charge in Saint Louis Conference. 

Rev. L. T. Guild and wife (Ruth Thomas) sailed 
for Bulgaria October 11, 1893 ; left Bulgaria April 13, 
1894. In Nebraska Conference. P. O., Beatrice, Neb. 

Rev. Fred. L. Guthrie, sailed for China September 
11, 1899. P. O., Hinghua, China. 

H 

Wm. James Hall, M.D., arrived in Korea Decem- 
ber 17, 1891 ; married Rosetta Sherwood Hall, M.D., 
June 27, 1892; died in Koreu November 24, 1894. 
Mrs. Hall is now a medical missionary of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society and stationed 
in Pyeng Yang, Korea. 

Osinan F. Hnll, M.D., sailed for Chungking, West 
China, February, 18W. P. O., Chungking, West 
China. 

Rev. Henry n. Hall sailed for China in 1870; mar- 
ried in 1873, and left in April, 1876. In the Cali- 
fornia Conference, and is a Chaplain in the United 
States Army. 

Albert C. Hammett, M. D., sailed from New York 
for South Africa May 13, 1899. He leftUmtali in Oc- 
tober, arriving in New York November 14, 1899, 
P. O., Chicago, 111. 

Jfrs. Jessie A. Hanna sailed for Chili in 1897; is 
teacher in Santiago College. P. O., Santiago, Chili. 

Hfiss iMttra Catherine Hanzlik sailed for China 
Jan. 19, 1891. Nurse in Nanking Hospital. P. O., 
Nanking, China. 

Rev. Clark Pcttingill Hard arrived in India De- 
cember 18, 1874 ; married Lydia E. Van Someren at 
Madras December 19, 1877 ; left India December 3, 
1892. In Illinois Conference. P. O., Elkhart, 111. 

Rev. James Hepburn Hargis and wife (Florence 
Woodward) arrived in Italy January 15, 1884 ; left 
Italy May 15, 1885. Dr. Hargis died in Germantown, 
Philadelphia, August 8, 1895. Mrs. Hargis resides 
in Carlisle, Pa. 

Rev. Francis 3Iarion Harrington and wife (Mary 
Rhoda Shinn) arrived in Chili May 20, 1895. Re- 
turned on furlough in August, 1899. P. O., Tip- 
ton, la. 

Rev. Merriman Colbert Harris and wife (Flora L. 
Best) arrived in Japan, December 14, 1873 ; left May 
25, 1886. Dr. Harris is Presiding Elder of the Jap- 
anese District, California Conference. Resides at 
1329 Pine Street, San Franeiso, Cal. 

Rev. Sylvanus Decker Harris and wife (Tillie K. 
Lloyd) arrived in China in August, 1873 ; left in 
March, 1875. In Newark Conference. P.O., Martins- 
ville, N. J. 

Rei\ John Harrow, missionary in Bishop Taylor's 
Liberia work, was recognized by the Board as a mis- 
sionary of the Society April 19, 1898. Is stationed at 
Garraway, Liberia. P. O., Cape Palmas, Liberia. 

Edgerton Haskell Hart, 3f.D., and wife (Rose Eliza- 
beth Mann) sailed for China August 29, 1893, and 



joined the Central China Mission in 1895. Dr. 
Hart is in charge of the medical work at Wuhu, 
China. 

Rev. Virgil C. Hart and wife (Addie) arrived in 
Foochow, China, May, 27, 1866; left in 1888. Dr. 
Hart is now Superintendent of the West China Mis- 
sion of the Canada Methodist Church. P. O., Kia- 
ting, West China. 

Rev. Isaiah L. Hauser and wife arrived at Madras, 
India, March 11, 1861, and returned in 1866. 

Rev. Janus Frederick Hay tier and tcife (Mabel Syl- 
vester Shattuck) sailed for China September 12, 
1893. P. O., Peking, China. 

Rev. Benj. S. Haywotrd and wife (Harriet Porter) 
went to Mexico in January, 1899. P. O., Pachuca, 
Mexico. 

Rev. Isaac Taylor Headland and wife sailed for 
China September 24, 1890. Mrs. Headland died in 
China December 12, 1890. Mr. Headland married 
Mariam Sinclair, M.D., June 11, 1894; is Professor 
in Peking University. P. O., Peking, China. 

Rev. Get>. S. Henderson and irife joined in India in 
1894 ; Mr. Henderson is in charge of the Seamen's 
Mission in Calcutta. Address, 19 Lall Bazar, Cal- 
cutta, India. 

Professor Ernest F. Herman and wife sailed for Chili 
June 29, 1899. P. O., Concepcion, Chili. 

Rev. Geo. Cavender Hewes sailed for India October 21, 
1891 ; married Anna Butcher December 3, 1896 ; 
preacher in charge at Budaon. P. O., Budaon, India. 

Professor George Matthews Hewey and wife (Lucy 
N. Hatch) arrived in Peru in January, 1894 ; left in 
November, 1898. Resides at 212 Flag Street, Aurora, 
111. 

Rev. Henry Hickok and wife sailed for China 
October 14, 1847; arrived in China April 14, 1848; 
left February 15, 1849. Mr. Hickok, after returning 
to the United States, joined the Presbyterian Church 
in northern New York. 

Rev. Wm. W. Hicks and wife (Clara) arrived in 
India January 17, 1862; left in 1863, returning to 
America. 

Rev. Charles Bay lis Hill and wife. (Harriet Glenora 
Green) sailed for Burma December 14, 1897. Mr. 
Hill is in charge of the English church at Rangoon. 
P. O., Rangoon, Burma. 

Rev. Wm. Thos. Hobart and wife (Emily Marcia 
Hatfield) sailed for China in September, 1882. Mr. 
Hobart is Presiding Elder of Tsunhua District, 
North China Conference. P. O., Taug Shan, China. 

Pmfssor (\ H. Holland sailed for Chili June 29, 
1*99. He is a teacher iu the college at Coucepcion. 

Ret>. Wm. H. Hollister and wife. (Emma Hodge) 
sailed for India in 1887. Mr. Ilollister is in charge 
of the Kolar Mission. P. O., Kolar, India. 

Rai\ Janus 3f. Hoover sailed for Penang, Malaysia, 
July 29, 1899. A teacher in the Penang Anglo-Chi- 
nese School. P. O., Penang, Straits Settlements. 

Rev. Willis Collins H<x>ver, Jf.D. } and wife (Mary 
Louise Hilton) sailed for Chili in October, 1889. 
Dr. Hoover is Presiding Elder of the Iquique Dis- 
trict, Western South America Conference, and in 
charge of the Spanish Mission in Iquique. P. O., 
Iquique, Chili. 



Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 43 



Rev. Geo. F. Hopkins and wife (Kate Dixon) sailed 
for India December 30, 1887; arrived in February, 
1888. Mrs. Hopkins died September 8, 1889. Mr. Hop- 
kins married Selina Armstrong, M.D., in April, 1893, 
at Karachi, India ; returned November, 1893. In 
Wilmington Conference. Is attending the University 
in Syracuse, N. Y. 

Xthemiah Somes Hopkins, M.D., and wife (Fannie B. 
Higgins) arrived in China in March, 1886. Dr. Hop- 
kins is in charge of Tsunhua Hospital and medical 
work iu Tang Shan. P. O., Tang Shan, China. 

Rev. Wm. Edicard Horley sailed for Malaysia in 
November, 1893 ; is to charge of the Ipoh Mission. 
P. O., Ipoh, Perak, Straits Settlements. 

Rev. James Wesley Homo sailed for Liberia in 
November, 1852; married Julia Stowe Tuzoin Ber- 
muda, 1855 ; returned in 1857 ; died in Southport, 
Conn., September 6, 18S4. Mrs. Home resides at 
67 Grove St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Rev. Robert Iloskins and wife (Charlotte Roundey) 
arrived in Calcutta, India, February 1, 1868. Dr. 
Hoskins is Presiding Elder of the Cawnpore Dis- 
trict, Northwest India Conference. P. O., Cawn- 
pore, India. 

Professor Orin Howard and wife went to Argen- 
tina, South America, in 1840 ; returned in 1842. 

Rev. Wm. B. Hoyt and wife (Mary) went to Li- 
beria in 1845 and returned in 1847. , 

Rev, Thomas M. Hudson and wife joined in India iu 
1894. Mr. Hudson is in charge of Mahi River Cir- 
cuit. P. O., Baroda, India. 

Rev. Charles Wesley Huett and wife (Emma Anabel 
Remick) arrived in Japan January 16, 1897. Mr. 
Huett is in charge of the Sendai Mission. P. O., 
Sendai, Japan. 

Rev. Homer B. Hulbert and wife (Mary Bell 
Hanna) sailed for Korea September 12, 1893; re- 
tired from the Korea Mission in 1897 and accepted a 
situation in the employ of the government of Korea. 

Rev. James Lorenzo Humphrey and wife (Emily) ar- 
rived in India September 20, 1857. In 1864 they re- 
turned to America. On August 11, 1867, sailed for 
India, having graduated in medicine, arriving In 
Calcutta January 30, 1868. Returned to America in 
1874. Sailed for India August 6, 1881 ; returned in 
1885. Mrs. Humphrey died in 1893. Dr. Humphrey 
married Nancy Burrell November 7, 1894, and sailed 
for India November 17, 1894. Dr. Humphrey is in 
charge of the Naini Tal English Church and Circuit. 
P. O., Naini Tal, India. 

Mrs. Jennie Hunt, missionary in Liberia, was rec- 
ognized by the Board as a missionary ot the Society 
April 19, 1898. Now on furlough at Listowel, Can- 
ada. 

Rev. John Fletcher Hurst and wife (Katherine 
Elizabeth Lamontej went to Germany in August, 
1866; returned in August, 1871. Dr. Hurst became 
President of Drew Seminary in 1871 and was elected 
bishop in 1880. Address, 1207 Connecticut Ave., 
Washington, D. C. 

Miss Libbie A. Husk arrived in India in April, 1861 ; 
married Rev. J. H. Messmore October 21, 1861. Ad- 
dress, Bijnour, India. 

Rev. Geo. Byron Hyde and wife (Alettha Halstead) 



went to Mexico in April, 1886 ; left December, 1889. 
Mr. Hyde graduated in medicine and returned to 
Mexico in August 1895 ; is in charge of medical work 
in Silao and Romita. P. O., Silao, Mexico. 

Rev. John Reside Hykes arrived in China, Novem- 
ber 22, 1873 ; married Rebecca S. Marshall in 1879 ; 
resigned in October, 1893, to become Agent for China 
of the American Bible Society. Headquarters, 
Shanghai, China. 

I 

Rev. John Ing and wife (Lucy) went to China in 
1870; removed to Japan in December, 1874. Mr. Ing 
was appointed missionary in the Japan Mission 
November 10, 1876, and left Japan for the United 
States March 10, 1878. Mr. Ing located from the St. 
Louis Conference in April, 1882. 

Rev.RalphOrrenlrishandwife(LucinaGiffln) sailed 
for China October 10, 1893; arrived November 14, 
1893 ; left February 19, 1897. In Wisconsin Confer- 
ence. P. O., Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Rev. George W. Isham and wife (Mary E. John- 
son) arrived in India January 3, 1888 ; left March 16, 
1890. In Nebraska Conference. Presiding Elder of 
Beatrice District. P. O., Beatrice, Neb. 

Miss Clara M. Lean sailed for Chili January 10, 
1899; is teaching in Concepcion College. P. O., 
Concepcion, Chili. 

J 

Rev. Henry Jackson and wife (Melissa Van Tassal) 
arrived at Madras, India, March 11, 1861. Mrs. 
Jackson died September 14, 1862, at Budaon, India. 
Mr. Jackson married Martha Whatcoat Terry in 
December, 1863, in Calcutta, who died March 21, 1867. 
Mr. Jackson married Helen M. Walker November 
18, 1868. He is Presiding Elder of the Tirhoot Dis- 
trict, Bengal-Burma Conference. P. O., Mozafar- 
pur, India. 

Rev. Henry Godden Jackson and wife (Alice Clark) 
left New York April 23, 1868 ; arrived in Argentina, 
South America, June 4, 1868 ; left July 8, 1878. Dr. 
Jackson is Presiding Elder of Chicago District, 
Rock River Conference. Address, 57 Washington 
Street, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. James Jackson arrived in China in December, 
1876; married Jane Catherine Radcliffe in Hong 
Kong August 13, 1878; is principal of seminary and 
pastor of church at Kiukiang, China. 

Rev. 8imon Peter Jacobs and wife (Mary Ann 
Godsmark) arrived in India March 24, 1880; left 
February 11, 1888. Mr. Jacobs is a superannuated 
preacher of the Kansas Conference. P. O., Bedford, 
Mich. 

Rev. Hermann Zur Jacobsmuehlen sailed for Ger- 
many on July 12, 1856; married Emma Bruner in 
1859; died December 11, 1862. His widow died in 
1867. 

Rev. Ludwig S. Jacoby and wife (Amalia Nuelsen) 
arrived in Germany November 7, 1849; returned to 
the United States in 1872. Dr. Jacoby died in St. 
Louis, Mo., June 20, 1874. Mrs. Jacoby died in St. 
Louis April 7, 1889. 

Rev. Levan R. Janney arrived in India November 
6, 1876 ; married Mary De Beaux December 10, 1878, 
in Madras ; left India February 22, 1887. Mrs. Jan- 



44 



Notes on Missionaries, Missions, Etc. 



ney died August 28, 1887, at Pitman Grove, N. J. Mr. 
Janney is in the New Jersey Conference. P. 0., 
Erma, N. J. 

Rev. Edward James and wife (Mary E. LeDoup) sailed 
for China August 26, 1896. They are stationed at 
Nanking, China. 

Rev. Enoch Jeffries arrived in India from England 
in 1859 ; joined the India Mission in 1882 ; married 
Julia Purvis September 19, 1888 ; left the Mission in 
1890 and joined the Wesley ans, and is now in charge 
of the Wesleyan Mission in Foona, India. 

Ernest Hurt Jettison, M.U., and wife (Rosa Belle 
Ryder) sailed for China October 3, 1889. Dr. Jelli- 
son is in charge of the Hospital at Nanking, China. 

Rev. James Freeman Jentiess sailed for Argentina, 
South America, December 5, 1898. In charge of the 
Rosario church. P. O., Rosario, Argentina. 

Rev. Ifa-bert Buelt Johnson and wife (Clara Elvira 
Richardson) arrived in Japan December 21, 1887. 
Mr. Johnson is Presiding Elder of the Fukuoka 
District, South Japan Conference. P. O., Fukuoka, 
Japan. 

Rev. Thomas Stewart Johnson , Jl.D., and wife 
(Amanda Ruth Whitmarsh) left for India September 
2, 1862; arrived in India January 21, 1863. Dr. 
Johnson is Presiding Elder of the Central Provinces 
District, Bombay Conference, and in charge of the 
Jabalpur Mission. P. O., Jabalpur, India. 

Rev. Addison R. Jones and wife (Clara Emma 
King) went to Bulgaria in 1880 and returned in 1884. 
Mr. Jones is a supernumerary in the New England 
Conference. P. O., Dorchester, Mass. 

Rev. George JJeber Jones arrived in Korea in May, 
1888; married Margaret Josephine Bengel May 10, 
1893. Mr. Jones is stationed at Chemulpo, Korea. 

Thomas R. Jones, M.D., and wife (Stella) sailed 
for China September 4, 1890 ; returned in 1892. 

Rev. Charles Wesley Judd and wife (Sarah) arrived 
In India August 21, 1859; returned in 1879. Mr. 
Judd died at Wilkesbarre, Fa., February 11, 1880; 
Mrs. Judd died May 80, 1884. 



Notes on Missionaries, Missions, Etc. 

REV. T. C. Carter, formerly a missionary in China, 
is now pastor of the United Brethren church in 
Roanoke, Va. 

Rev. Henry A. Buchte!, D.D., at one time a mis- 
sionary in Bulgaria, has been elected Chancellor of 
the University of Denver. 

Mrs. Elizabeth Rodd Baume, widow of Rev. James 
Baume, of the India Mission, resides at 218 South 
Second Street, Rockford, 111. 

Alfred C. Hammett, M.D., and Miss Alice Culver, 
who went to Umtali, Rhodesia, in May last, have re- 
turned to the United States, arriving in New York 
December 14. 

Rev. Geo. B. Smyth, of the Foochow Mission, is 
spending the winter at 2905 Foster Court, Denver, 
Col. He wrote, December 5, 1899, that he is steadily 
improving in health. 

Rev. Wm. T. Cherry and wife (Mariam J. Thorpe) 
sailed for Singapore, Malaysia, December 20. Mr. 



Cherry will be employed in the Printing and Publi- 
cation Department. 

Rev. H. B. Schwartz and wife, who were mission- 
aries in Japan from March, 1899, to November, 1897, 
are expected to leave the United States this month 
to resume work in Japan. 

Rev. Geo. B. Nind, formerly a missionary in Bra- 
zil, and who has been in charge of the Portuguese 
Mission in New Bedford, Mass., has taken charge of 
the Portuguese Mission in Boston. 

Rev. C. W. Gordon and daughter, Mrs. Mary B. 
Shuett and son, Rev. Wm. Miller, and Miss Susan 
Collins are expected to leave Angola in February or 
March, returning to the United States on furlough. 

Bishop Ninde sailed from New York December 20 
for South America. He will hold the Western South 
America Mission Conference at Valparaiso, Chili, 
January 31, and the South America Conference at 
Buenos Ay res, Argentina, February 14. 

J. H. McCartney, M.D., of the West China Mission, 
will reside in Girard, O., during January, February, 
and March, and will be pleased to deliver lectures 
and addresses on China to churches and Sunday 
schools. He will be found entertaining and in- 
structive. 

Rev. Spencer Lewis writes from Chungking, West 
China, September 7, 1899 : " We are all as usual, but 
the country is much unsettled and disturbances oc- 
casionally occur. It is difficult to tell what may hap- 
pen in China in these days. We need very much the 
prayers of God's people." 

Rev. Joseph Culshaw arrived in India from Eng- 
land April 30, 1892 ; joined the Methodist Mission 
January 4, 1893 ; was received on probation into the 
Bengal-Burma Conference in February, 1894, and in 
full membership in March, 1896; was married to Miss 
Ruth Cart land December 18, 1897, and is now agent 
of the Methodist Publishing House at Calcutta, 
India. 

Rev. E. II. Greeley will soon sail for the Inhambane 
Mission in Africa, and probably be stationed at Ma- 
kodweni. Bishop Hartzell writes that at this station 
" there is a house that some years ago cost $2,000, 
and a tract of land three miles by one mile belonging 
to the Mission. There are some native Christians, and 
a native worker is in charge, but a white superintend- 
ent is greatly needed." 

Rev. WUliam P. Dodson and family and Rev. 
Herbert Cookman Witney, of the Angola Mission, 
arrived in New York December 6, 1899. They will 
reside during the winter in Asbury Park, N. J., at 
the corner of Lake Avenue and Emory Street. Rev. 
Amos Edwin Withey will reside at the same place. 
These missionaries performed most excellent service 
in Angola for fourteen years. 

Rev. Gideon F. Draper writes from Japan : " In 
no part of this field has there been any remarkable 
growth of late years, and just at present the new 
regulations concerning education have put our work 
at an apparent disadvantage. Christian schools are 
so handicapped that it will hardly pay to maintain 
them save as Biblical institutes. " 



Meeting of tlie Board of Managers. 



45 



Meeting of the Board of Managers. 

lEitrarts from the Pivrttdinu*.) 

THE Board of Managers of I he Missionary Society 
met in regular session December 1H, 180ft, Hun. 
•George J. Ferry presiding a portloo of the time, 
afterward Dr. J. M. Buckley. 

Devotional tsfrrw-a were ■-■ ■riilm-tt-d by Rev. J. 
M. King, D.D. 

The Rev. William P. Dodson, Presiding Elder of 
the Angola District, Congo Mission Conference, was 
introduced to the Board. 

The Treasurer's statement for November was read. 

The reports of the Coiimiittcisori Lands and Lega- 
cies and on Finance were adopted. 

In regard to certain claims made by missionaries 
In West China as t.i past salaries il was decided that 
the par of exchange having Turn fixed by the Mis- 
sion Itself, and the salaries paid accordingly, the 
question canDot be reopened. 

An application having been received to change 
appropriation made by the General Committee for 
Clark Church, Portland, and use a part, elsewhere, 
Ihe reply was mad'? that the Board did tint, consider 
it had the power to grant the request. 

The report of the Committee on Publications was 
taken up and ad<.>p[i-d. It provides thai, commenc- 
ing with July 1, 1000, the Gosr-n. i« Au. Llnse 
shall be published by ihe Missionary Society Instead 
of by tha Book Concern, that pastors receive the 
periodical free only until .Inly, and commencing 
■with July the terms shall be : To all Methodist Epis- 
copal pastors In the United States, 50 cents per 
nnuum ; to nil others, T.'> cents pi-r annum ; in clubs 
of five or more, 50 cents per milium. All pastors in 
ihe United States securing one new subscriber at it 
«ents a year, or a club of live or more at 50 cents 
«acb, shall receive tin- periodical free for one year. 
Pastors in the United States now receiving the 
periodical free shall be retained on the subscription 
list after Jnly 1, 1000, as paying subscribers, unless 
they request that it be discontinued. 

It was decided to print 3,500 copirs of the Annual 
Beport for the ensuing year, and the question of 
printing the apportionments for districts for free 
distribution waa laid over one month to permit a 
further consideration by the Publication Com* 

The outgoing of Rev. E. II. Greeley (formerly in 
charge of the school at While Plains, Liberia) to the 
Juharnbane Mission, Southeast Africa, was author- 
bed. 

The outgoing expenses of Mrs. Shields, returning 
from Ireland to Angola, were authorized. 

Provision was made for paying homecoming ex- 
penses of Angola missionaries whose return had 
been authorised. 

The outgoing expenses of Miss Beulah Steele to 
Argentina, South America, were authorized. 

The request of the Mission In Mexico to authorize 
the putting up of the walls and roof and finishing 
Ihe lower story of tbe new church at Pachuca was 
granted, provided that tbe Board be involved In 



s given Treasurer Cowen, of Japan, 
to use money from ihe rentals of houses to put up a 
much-needed addition to the printing office In To- 
kyo, to be nscci as a press room. 

Rev. F. II. Wright was added to the Finance Com- 
mittee of Italy. 

Rev. L. A. Core was authorized to return to India 
in February. 

Allowances for year 1900 were made to tbe follow- 
ing superannuates and widows of India mission- 
aries: Rev. J. W. Waugh, Rev. G. I. Stone, Mrs. 
Sue M. Brown, Mrs. MaryConkUn, Mrs. 3. W. Eddy, 
Mrs. Mary F. Davis, Mrs. Mary Scott Badley, Mrs. 
J. T. MeMahon, Mrs. E. B. Goodwin, Mrs. A. E. Var- 
don, Mrs. Helen J. Wilson. 

Rev. II, B. Schwartz and wife were approved for 
appointment to mission work In Japan. 

Rev. Win, T. Cherry and wife were approved for 
appoint ment to Malaysia, provided their medical ex- 
amination is satisfactory. 

The special cmnmittee on the distribution of the 
appropriation to Alaska reported, and their report 
was adopted, which was as follows ; Salary of super- 
intendent, {1,500; traveling expenses of superin- 
tendent, If needed, (500; Jtineau, tl,000; Skaga- 
way,t500; Vnalaska (Dr. Newhall), *250; at the dis- 
posal of the superintendent, subject to the approval 
of the Board, Sa-'iO. Total, »4,000. 

s.v.iiil i|. .i- ..|.r „: tions were mado to (ho foreign 
missions, and f!W> granted to eight of the domestic 



Note, 

FOR several years after this tnagaxlne was started 
It was customary to give each month some ac- 
count of the mission* of all the leading missionary so- 
eielics. In later years, on account of limited space, 
this could not la' done. It Is proposed, however, to 
present our readers each month with something re- 
lating to the missions of other Methodist Churches, 
Hence In this number will be found a few notes un- 
der the heading of " Other Methodist Missionary 
Societies and Missions." 

It is due to the memory of our deceased mission- 
aries, and due to the Church they so faith fully served, 
that there should lie written and published sketches 
of their lives, that we may understand something of 
the character of their work as well as the spirit of 
the workers. Under the head of " Sketches of De- 
ceased Methodist I'piseopal Missionaries " we shall 
give each month one or more such sketches. We 
have the materials for several now In hand, and they 
iviil a].)i.-iir il- fast .is the editor finds time to prepare 
them. II is proposed, at the close of the year, to 
publish them In book form. 

Christian benelleencc is the willing and cheerful 
giving unto tbe Lord of a portion of our Income ac- 
cording to some deli uite plan. We caunot afford to 
be governed by blind Impulse In a matter of such 
grave importance. We are stewards of God, and 
God requires of us a definite account of our stew- 
ardship. What we have Is a trust fund that we are 
to manage according to God's will. 



OTHER METHODIST MISSIONARY SOCIETIES AND MISSIONS. 

asks for (1,000 to build needed addition to printing 



Methodist Episcopal Church, South, 

Mission HetubpUtTUr*, XasheiUe, Tenn. 

THE Japan Conference was held at Osaka In Sep- 
tember, 1830. Dr. W. R. Lambuth, missionary 
secretary and formerly the superiuteudent of the 
Mission, was present. The statistical reports showed 
666 members, an Increase of 66, with 1,315 Sunday 7 "'"', ..,,,,., , - 

, , ' ' _. . ., . .v . ,■ dental expenses, (;S8Q ; Conference ehairm 

school scholars. The three districts have the follow- 
ing Presiding Elders : Kobe District, C. B. Moseley ; *^ e 



The following are the appropriation I for 1900: 
Japan, (21,100; West China, 99,356; Indian work, 
108,389; Chinese work In British Columbia, (4,014 : 
Japanese work in British Columbia, (1,739; French 
work, (6,531; rents, (1,305; traveling and inci- 



penses, (2,135; Incidentals, (38,313. Total, (183,063. 
a the home Conferences received ap- 
propriations amounting to (07,551. 

In the Indian missions In Canada are 38 ordained 
ministers, 53 other paid agents, anil 5,043 members. 
There are also 29 day schools and 6 boarding schools 
and Industrial Institutes. 



Matsuyama District, T. W. B. Demaree; Hiroshima 
District, W. A. Wilson. 

The Brazil Mission Conference was held in Petrop- 
olls in July, 1B99, Bishop Hendrix presiding. The 
statistics reported 2,327 members, an increase of 325 ; 
1,179 Sunday school scholars, 32 pastoral charges, 
38 societies, 13 houses of worship, 3 parsonages. 
During the year 492 adults and 341 children were 
baptized. There are 19 preachers belonging to Ibe 
Conference, and 3 on trial. 

Rev. D. W. Carter, of the Mexican Border Confer- 
ence, has been transferred to the Cuban Mission. 
" Judicious, careful, experienced, and equipped with 
a thorough knowledge oT the Spanish language, he I Rev. L 

is prepared to do a great work for God and the in Havana, and reports a cordial w 
Church in this important field." A church was organized at Cape Palinas, Liberia, 

Rev. J. C. C. Newton, D.D.. who has been a mis- ' April 21, 1899, with 9 members, and 5 more have 
aionary in Japan for several years, most of t ho lime . since been received. Rev. Allen Yancy is pastor, 
in the theological school, and returned on furlough letters from Columbia, South America, urge the 
last year, will not return to Japau, as was intended, I Society to send missionaries there. " We have law- 
on account of the health of Mrs. Newton. He has yen, doctors, judges, and high officials who are col- 
taken an appointment in the Virginia Conference. I ored, or of African descent, but no miuistcrs of the 

Rev, IV. A. Davis has been transferred from the Gosi>el of the Methodist persuasion, and our popu> 
Japan Conference to tlio Pacific Conference, on ac- lation is about four colored to one white." 
ie health of Mrs. Davis. 



African Methodist Episcopal Oh arch 

AtlstlOH Headquarter*, 61 Bible House, Xew 1'or*. 

VICAR Bishop Dwane, Kev. M. M. Mokone, Pre- 
siding Elder, and about twenty other ministers 
in South Africa have withdrawn and expect to join 
the Anglican Church. 

been appointed missionary 



The missionaries in Cuba are Rev. D. W. Carter, 
Rev. II. W. Baker, Rev. G. N. MacDonnell, Rev. W. 
E. Sclwell, Rev. C. A. Fulwood, Rev. II. W. Penny, 
Mr. T. E. Leland, Mr. C. A. Nichols ; and the stations 
are Havana, Matanzas, and Clenfucgos. 

In the Mexican Mission the members of the church 



Wesleyau Methodist Missionary Society. 

llBad-fliarters, 17 Btihopsgnti; St. ti'Uhtn, London, 

England. 

T"ilIE missions under the Immediate direction of 



1 



in San Luis Potosl pay (1,000 to support their pastor ; J££j^W? uT^osta* 
a beautiful church of stone is being erected in the 



ntlic 



,r last sessions pledged (5,370 for "''"V ,1 «,o 
t«1 (Mi™.. «MUn I,.r« Pmmi WW"**™. »- 618 



ind the Yearly Conference la 

ma. West Africa, the Transvaal, 

itish Honduras 

Bahamas report 302 missionaries, 3.037 

paid agents, 5,940 unpaid agents, 46,263 full 

i trial, 90,117 scholars attending 

either Sunday or day schools. 

I The total Income of the Society for 1896 was 
'(047,808, and the expenditure (652,331. In the 
expenditures 130,191 is charged to management 
expenses, and (12,315 to publications, 
i Rev. Charles R. Johnson, missionary on the west 
coast of Africa, and chairman of the Gold Coast, 
died October 4, 1899, of bluck water fever. He went 
to West Africa In 1881. He succeeded, as chairman. 
Rev. II. J. Ellis, who died last May. 
I The Mission in Spain is makinc good progress, 
anuuated relation, and Is practicing his profession On Sunday, September 34, 1890. at Barcelona, 30 pcr- 
In Tokyo. sons wore received on trial, and 17 were received 

Dr. V. C. Hart reports that the work of the print- as full members, and among these was a doctor of 
tog press under his charge at Klating, West China, science who has served the Spanish government on 
Is Increasing rapidly, and the press pays half the sal several occasions, and a nephew of the late Arch- 
ary of a man, and all the running expenses. He bishop of Seville. 



Methodist Ohnioh of Canada. 

Mis-ion Head-ivarirrt, Toronto, Canada. 

REV. II. E. Hetherington, missionary at Dawson, 
Alaska, reports steady progress. " The church 
la filled to its utmost capacity every Sunday evening, 
and other meetings are well attended.'' 

Rev. Davidson Maedonald, M.D., for many years 
an active missionary in Japan, now holds a super- 



Living Zinks, or Special Gifts. 



47 



Living Links, or Special Gifts. 

(From The Star of India.) 

r seems to be generally taken for granted that 
mission workers in the field are much in favor 
of what is known as the special gift, or living link 
plan of supporting work, or, in other words, that 
they believe as a rule it is better to have special 
work and special workers supported directly by the 
contributions of some individual rather than through 
the appropriations of a society collecting funds. 

It is no doubt true that certain contributors will 
give more liberally when they are told the name of 
the worker their money goes to support, and they 
are allowed to designate the exact work to which 
their contribution is to go ; but there are so many 
obstacles in the way of such a connection between 
the contributor and the work that we very much 
doubt the general assumption that missionaries as a 
rule favor the special gift plan. While it is acknowl- 
edged that there are some advantages in such a close 
connection between donor and recipient, it is usu- 
ally felt that other methods that are not so open to 
criticism will bring all the good results without also 
entailing the difficulties that follow the living link 
plan. 

The Church Missionary Society is often pointed 
out as an example of the success to which the spe- 
cial gift plan can be pushed ; but, on the other hand, 
such special gifts in reality constitute a very small 
part of the work of that great society, and their suc- 
cess in getting individuals to support workers in the 
field is largely because of the large number of 
wealthy contributors it has within its fold. Another 
Church with a less wealthy membership would fail 
were it to attempt a like work. In reality the suc- 
cess of the Church Missionary Society is not because 
of its special grift plan, but because of its splendidly 
organized collecting agency, a place in which our 
own society is very weak. 

Of recent years in India, and also in other mission 
fields of our Church, this living link plan has been 
pushed to some extent, and its working has not jus- 
tified a more general extension of the system, unless 
obvious weaknesses can in some way be overcome. 

It is quite probable that much money is secured 
that would not otherwise be given ; but the evils 
more than offset this advantage. By noticing the 
appeals for special gifts as published from time to 
time in the home papers, it will be seen that they are 
confined to a few individuals from each mission. 
The great majority of missionaries either have con- 
scientious scruples against making individual ap- 
peals or perhaps have no ability in that method of 
collecting money. 

Again, the need of the field or the worthiness of 
the object has little or nothing to do with the suc- 
cess in collecting money by this system ; all depends 
upon the ability of the writer of the appeal to reach 
the hearts of the people at home. In this way some 
missionaries and some fields get much more than 
their just portion of support. Without the slightest 
doubt much good work has been begun and is being 
supported in this way— much that otherwise would 



<iot be in existence ; but notwithstanding this, this 
plan has been the means of beginning many institu- 
tions that were only needed in the mind of the orig- 
inator of the scheme, and which the collective wis- 
dom of the mission would never have indorsed. 
Large sums of money have in this way been sunk in 
plans that were impractical and which died after ab- 
sorbing much consecrated money. 

Another objection is that special gifts begin 
work which after a while must look to the society 
for support. Few missionaries but have had the 
experience of suddenly finding themselves left in the 
lurch for the support of some man or some school 
by the withdrawal of or failure of help that had been 
received through special gifts. In some cases 
schools have to be closed, or the workers dismissed, 
and dissatisfaction and opposition to the mission 
follow. In other cases the work developed is 
shouldered off upon the society, which never began 
or authorized it, and to meet the expense of which 
some other work must suffer a cut. 

These are some of the difficulties that beset the 
living link plan on the field, especially as it is at 
present in vogue in the Methodist mission. There 
is not the slightest doubt but that the constant ap- 
peals presented In the papers by individual workers 
from different fields has a bad effect on the Church 
at home. This is the unanimous belief of the 
Church officials, and we cannot set aside their testi- 
mony. 

In the Church Missionary Society the living link 
plan is worked within the society, and by mciety offi- 
cials, not as an outside venture and by individual 
missionaries, as among us. If our society should 
adopt this plan, we would get all the benefits of the 
system without being made to suffer from the dis- 
advantages now so apparent. If, when a giver 
wishes to contribute for some special object, he 
should send his money direct to the society, and by 
them be assigned a special worker or work, as the 
case might be, the whole thing being kept in the 
hands of the home officials, and the missionary on 
the field having nothing to do with it but to send in 
to the donor the necessary reports, none of the 
present inequalities so often complained of could 
exist, and all of the advantages of the living link 
system would be secured. 

It goes without saying that those missionaries 
who, by special appeals in the home papers, and by 
dint of personal correspondence, are securing a 
large income for special work, would not appreciate 
any such change as suggested, but we are inclined 
to think that the plan would be much more satis- 
factory to the missionaries as a body than is the 
present go-as-you-please method, or rather lack of 
method. 



Rev. George E. Henderlite writes from Brazil: 
4i The religion of the people of Brazil has no more of 
saving power in it than the fetichism of the heathen 
of Africa. A corrupt priesthood has turned it into 
darkness. These two great safeguards that God has 
given to man, the Sabbath and marriage— one by its 
weekly occurrence to remind him of his God and 



48 



A Plea for the Hungry of India. 



Creator, and the other to maintain the purity of the 
family and make a home for the growing child — are 
violated, and in many places almost unknown. They 
have put in the place of the Creator a creature as an 
object of worship, and God has given them over to 
their own lusts." 



A Flea for the Hungry of India, 

ANOTHER widespread famine is devastating largo 
portions of India, though not to any extent in 
the same localities as in 1896 and 1897. However, 
the distress in some parts of the country is even 
greater than it was then. This is particularly true 
in that part of Bombay Conference known as Guja- 
rat District, where the population is dense and the 
destitution appalling. The same may be said of a 
large district in Northwest India Conference. In 
these districts our missions have had large success 
in the last few years, but our people are poor, and 
under the most favorable circumstances live quite 
below the line of comfort. Consequently, when 
famine prevails they have no resources, and suffer- 
ing and starvation are inevitable unless prompt 
relief is afforded. 

Our General Missionary Committee at its session 
held recently in Washington city had not the funds 
at its disposal to make a direct appropriation for 
famine relief, but it did recommend that an appeal 
be made to the Church for special contributions, 
provided the Board of Managers should approve. 
At the meeting of the board held November 28, by a 
unanimous vote, the appeal was approved. We 
now most earnestly request pastors and ]>eople to 
give prompt consideration to this cry that conies 
from afar— a cry that is heartrending, a cry from 
people who are now of our faith and fellowship, a 
cry for bread. Let these starving people be able to 
send back to us across the waters the grateful mes- 
sage, " I was ahungered, and ye gave me meat : I 
was thirsty, and ye gave me drink." 

We have just been giving thanks to our heavenly 
Father for bountiful harvests, and soon the Christ- 
mas season will be here, when we will be celebrating 
the advent of the Prince of peace by bestowing and 
receiving gifts. How appropriate it will be to give 
something out of our abundance to aid in saving 
our people in India from starvation ! Upon reading 
this please inclose something, however small or 
great the sum, and send it to the undersigned, 
150 Fifth Avenue, New York, and it will be sent on 
to its destination without the loss of a penny. Will 
pastors kindly call special attention to this appeal 
from their pulpits, and take offerings or recommend 
their people to respond promptly and liberally by 
mail ? Remember that delay to many means suffering 
and death. 

It should be remembered that money contributed 
for famine sufferers is not for missions, but for 
bread ; consequently it cannot be credited as a mis- 
sionary contribution. 

By order of the Board of Managers, 

A. B. Leonard, 
150 Fifth Avenue, New York. 



Mortgaging the Future. 

OUR churches have in recent years been drifting 
into doing business in benevolence on the in- 
stallment plan. Rich men have promised large sums 
of money to educational institutions conditioned on 
the raising of still larger sums, which the churches 
were not able to pay. Debts have been incurred by 
missionary societies which the churches could not 
lift at once and still continue to pay current ex- 
penses. 

It has become common for individuals, churches, 
and local societies to pledge annual payments for a 
term of years. These promises are often counted as 
cash, and announcements are made with hallelujahs 
that large sums have been raised. This benevolence 
on the installment plan is wasteful, disappointing, 
and elusive. 

We have known persons to promise amounts in 
future payments on which they could not even pay 
the interest. We have known ministers to pledge 
their congregations to give annual sums for a term 
of years, and then to move away, leaving their peo- 
ple to repudiate the promises made in their name. 
We have known jubilee meetings to be held over 
debts paid or gifts made by promises, when the 
money has afterward had to be raised two or three 
times over. 

At the present time many churches have so mort- 
gaged themselves to pay in coming years for work 
already done that they have no heart to take up 
work which imperatively calls on them. Future 
years will have their own demands in missionary 
enterprise. 

We have no right to mortgage our abilities in ad- 
vance while we do not yet know what these demands 
will be. We can best do business for God on a cash 
basis. Better than twentieth century funds will be 
the twentieth century motto for the churches, " Pay 
as you go." — Congmjationalitt. 



The Missionary Spirit 

As a great general once said of an imminent haz- 
ard he had encountered, that he had now met with a 
danger worthy of his courage, so the missionary 
may regard his work as worthy of the noblest hero- 
ism. His must not be the low, self-inflated courage 
which fails where its exercise is most needed, be- 
cause it wants genuine faith in God, but that lofty, 
noble, yet simple and quiet courage which wraps 
itself about with the panoply of God, and advances 
in his strength. The same spirit is demanded of us, 
that we may go forward with unwavering firmness 
and hope in the presence of discouragements. Where 
the laborer falls at the time when he is most needed 
in the work and best fitted to do it ; where there is a 
long delay before the appearance of fruit ; where 
persecutors arm themselves to defeat the cause ; if 
we have not such a spirit of love, and trust, and de- 
votion toward God, we shall faint and become 
weary. 



GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS. 



FEBRUARY, 1900. 



THE MADRAS PUBLISHING HOUSE: ITS BEGINNINGS; PRESENT 
CONDITION ; OUTLOOK. 



BY REV. A. W. 

IN the latter part of 1884, whilo Presiding 
Elder of the West Baltimore District, 
Baltimore Conference, I 




six inches. I hesitated to accept the gift, 
and only after much persuasion, uml tii 
avoid hurting my father's feelings I took 
the little press with me. 

On arriving in India I found that Bishop 
Hurst had appointed me pastor of the 
Vepery Methodist Episcopal Church, in the 
city of Madras, and Presiding Elder of the 
Madras District. 

The city of Madras, the capital of the 
Madras Presidency, is on the southeastern 
coast of India, In latitude thirteen. It has a 
population of between six and seven hun- 
dred thousand, and has the largest native 
English-speaking population, and the larg- 
est percentage of native Christians of any 
city In India. 

The Madras District then embraced the 
larger part of southern India, and included 
the great dominions of the Nizam. The 
principal languages spoken were Canarcse, 
Hindustani, Tamil, and Teiogu, together 
with a number of dialects. 

I soon found that printing offices in India 



rtdisili., n.n, 

nrc numerous, from the little native office 
containing n few fonts of type and a hand 
press up to sonic which have hundreds of 
employees and machine presses worked by 
.steam. The government press in Madras 
employs over three thousand workmen. 

But I discovered, too, that Madras is the 
center of a population of 75,000,000, in which 
there was but a single mission press worth 
, mentioning, and that owned and controlled 
il>y High Churchmen. The secular presses 
were printing much of the Christian litera- 
! ture and in a very unsatisfactory manner. 
I I learned, also, that infldel, atheistic, ag- 
! nostic, and all soils of pernicious and anti- 
christiun tracts and books, like a mighty 
flood, were pouring out upon India from 
America and from native presses setup in 
ail parts of the Indian empire. 

There seemed to bo a general impression 
.among missionaries that something must 
I i*> done to aid in supplying and distributing 
! Christian literature in vast quantities, so as 
to arrest this devastating Hood cast out with 
the awful intent of undermining and sweep- 
ing away all that had been done to Chris- 
tianize "Dark India." 

Bishop Thoburn, who was then Presiding 
Elder of the Calcutta District, declared that 
missionary enterprise had entered upon an 
era in which it had become absolutely neces- 
sary to give the press a prominence far be- 
yond that which it had hitherto enjoyed. 
In a long conversation I had with him at a 
camp meeting he urged that the little press 
my father had given me ought to 1« used, 
and predicted that it would, under God, be- 
come the. beginning of a publishing house 
in southern India. 

Encouraged by these indications, in the 
latter part of 188.1 I made a beginning. In 
a small room of the parsonage, calling into 
requisition the practical knowledge of print- 
ing which I possessed, I put into type in the 
Tamil language John 3. 16, and after my 
wife, our little boy, a native Christian, and 




30,000 rupees, and the plant and stock. 95,000 
rupees, making a total valuation of 205,00° 
rupees, or $68,ooo, with an Indebtedness of 
about 18 per cent. 

The agent is elected by the Central Con- 
ference, which is composed of delegates 
from the Annual Conferences throughout 
India, and meets once in two years, That 
body also elects a Local or Supervising 
Committ.'c. This committee meets quar- 
('[[y to near a report from the agent, and 
from one of its members who audita the ac- 
counts of the Press every month. In Addi- 
tion an auditor approved by the govern- 
ment makes out a yearly balance sheet, 
Bev. J. B. Buttrick, Eev. W. H. Hollister, 



towns, and cities, extending from the Ni 
zam's dominions. In central India, to fsfoH 
Singapore, in Malaysia. While the reader Is 
perusing these lines a consignment • 1 tracts 
is on its way from the Madras Publishing 
House to Manila. 

Tin' Press earns profits In its various de- 
partments by doing work for the guvem- 
ment, printing text-books, illustrated ptiee 
lists, catalogues, general job work Tor busi- 
ness Arms and banks, monthly and weekly 
periodicals, and reports of various missions 
In all parts of India. The key of success in 
gathering, without solicitation, this work 
from all parts of India into our Press is the 
f-putation it has established for neatness. 



Tin- Mmlmn Puhlislihy House. 



51 



and dispatch. As an instance of the latter, 
the proot of the Sixth General Report of the 
Wesleyau Mission of Southern India, con- 
taining one hundred and thirty -seven pages 
ami over fifty tabular statements, w 
in four days. 

In Hi.' first halt of this oentUTV Loida 
Braille, a blind musician of Pule, and pro- 
feasor iii the RoyaJ Institute for the Blind, 
made practicable the method of writing 
i potato for the blind, now called the 



is the tree distribution of Bible booklets in 
ail the languages of the East. The manu- 
facture of these booklets was mad* 
by a gift of eight booklet machines from 
their inventor, Ezra F. Haaeltlne, Be 
Warren, Pa. These machines told, paster, 
and put covers on little books at the rate ol 
100,000 per day. Beyond his own set these 
machines are not duplicated. 

A Bible booklet is a small book <•( <>■[••>•- 
Mi. ii- fioni ili«- Si-ni'turi'-. li i-"iilaiiis not 




" Braille "system. Mr. L. Garthwnite, one of 
the leading educators and moat noted lin- 
guists of the East, together with the Rev. J, 
Snowies, of the Loudon Mission, after years 
t toil adapted the Braille system to the 

linn vernaculars <>f India. 

For the first time in the history of India 

sons and daughters are begin- 

g to read. Our Press is now issuing em- 

I literature tor the blind, including 

i. ten-books, and portions of Berip- 

turBlnatx languages Gnjarathf, Halayalam. 

Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, and Canarese. I 

esteem it one or the privileges of my life 

to have met these noblemen and done some- 

thing toward helping on this work. 

One of the objects aimed at by the Press 



more than sixteen pages, never larger than 
two by three inches, and Is manufactured 
at the rate Of 80,000 pages for one 
dollar. A Bible Booklet Smiiiv ha-- ln-en 
organized, and will be Incorporated. \ 
guarantee is given by thi- s»i'ty th;it six 
per cent of all subscript;, .i.-. '■■ ii rice, ,,no 
dollar and upward win be perpetually in- 
vested in the annual publication and free 
dlBtrlbotton of Bible booklets manufactured 
nt the Methodist Episeopal Publishing 
SOUSe, Madras. 

By a provision in the constitution of this 
society the booklets can never be larger 
than two by three inches, aud never, includ- 
ing cover, oontaln more than sixteen pages. 

This absolutely takes them out of the 



Tli'- M't'lru* piibliafiiitfj f/trt/s. 



range of Interference with the Bale el the ' AndtheBev John Sharp, H. A., secretary 

Bible and Bible porttone, and will, as Mr. or the British and Foreign Bible Society, 

II. C, Morgan, editor >>r The Christian [Loo- writes under date ol September 19, 1899: 

don), mites In regard to them. " Make the "The rapid Increase of education in India 

way for the Bible itself, and the elements Of bi providing each year thousands of new 

ilivini' truth will prepare the way for falter readers To attract their attention to the 

Instruction in the thing* of God," Scriptures the widespread diffusion ■ 




\ vi.n!i audit will lie mmle by mission- 
aries representing the various societies, and 
ei certificate baaed on vouchers will certify 
whether the full quota has bees distributed. 
An annual report will also be printed con- 
taining Hi" name of each subscriber and the 
Dumber of booklets distributed equal to the 

vol i' six percent on the entire amount 

subscribed. 

Bishop Thobura, under date of May 23, 
|8M, writes: "For yean I have wished to 
see printed pages of Gospel truth scattered 
like leaven or autumn all over the Eastern 
world, and here at hist is a plan for realizing 
what I have so long cherished as u waking 
dream." 



booklets mu-t be most 

toknnw of it." 

As I clearly recognize I he leading of 
Providence In the donation of the little 
press, so also I see it in the girts in money 
that have been sent to mc from time to time, 
and solely tin. .ugh which this many-aided 
Publishing House exists. And I believe also 
that God will raise up contributors for the 
Bible Booklet Endowment Fund until their 
gifts shall make possible the free circulation 
of these Bible booklets In all the languages 
in which the word of God is printed, and 
thus aid in fulfilling the prophecy, "For the 
earth shall bo full of the knowledge of the 
Lord, ns the waters cover the sea." 






• (53) 
METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONS IN EASTERN ASIA. 




Thfl Tielck 

THE fields of the Methodist Episcopal 
missions in Eastern Asia are China, 
Japan, and Korea. These have been under 
the episcopal supervi- 
sion and visitation of 
Bishop Earl Cranston, 
D.D., LL.D., during the 
years 1696 and 1899. 

Ch rn a, i n chid in gChin a 
Proper and the depen- 
I dencies of Manchuria, 
Mongolia, Tibet, Jun- 
garia, and East Turk- 
estan, has an area of 
4,216,101 square miles, 
and an estimated . pop- 
ulation of 402.680,000. The present sov- 
ereign, reigning under the style of Kwang- 
eu, is the ninth Emperor of China of the 
M&nchu dynasty of Ts'ing, which overthrew 
the native dynasty of Ming in the year 
1644. He was born in 1671 ; succeeded to 
the throne by proclamation January 22, 
1875; nominally assumed government in 
March, 1887 ; undertook full control in Feb- 
ruary, 1889 ; issued an edict September 22, 
1898, announcing that he had resigned power 
to the empress dowager, widow of the Em- 
peror Hien-Tlng. 

"Three religions are acknowledged by 
the Chinese as indigenous and adopted; 
namely, Confucianism, Buddhism, and Tao- ' 
ism. The Confucian is the state religion, if 
the respect paid to the memory of the great 
teacher can be called a religion; but no 
ecclesiastical hierarchy is maintained at the 
public expense, nor any priesthood attached j 
to the Confucian religion. But distinct and 
separate from this worship is that in which 
the emperor, as the sole high priest, worships 
and sacrifices to ' heaven ' every year at the 
Altar of Heaven, in Peking. The practice of 
ancestral worship, com mended by Confucius, 
is everywhere observed. Buddhism and 
Taoism present a very gorgeous and elabo- 
rate ritual. Large numbers of the Chinese 
In middle and southern China profess and 
practice all three religions. The bulk of 
the people are Buddhists. There are 30,- 
000,000 of Mohammedans in western China. 
Roman Catholicism has about 1,000,000 ad- 
herents, and Protestantism about 100,000 
adherents." 
Education of a certain type Is general in 



China, and there is a special literary class 
who know the literature of the country, and 
the governmental positions are given to 
those candidates who pass the best ex- 
Protestant missions in China may be said 
to have commenced with the work of Rev. 
Robert Morrison, who went to China in 1807 
as a missionary of the Loudon Missionary 
Society, but his work and that of others until . 
1842 was preparatory, being devoted chiefly 
to the translation of the Bible, the prepara- 
tion of a dictionary of the Chinese language, 
and the founding of an Anglo-Chinese col- 
lege at .Malacca, which was not very suc- 
cessful. In 1842 a treaty concluded at Nan- 
king between the Chinese and the British 
governments opened to all nations the ports 
of Canton, Amoy, Foochow, Ningpo, and 
Shanghai, and from that date to the pres- 
ent Protestant mission work has made fair 
progress, and all the leading Protestant 
Churches now have missionaries In China. 

Japan has an area of 161,245 square miles 
and a population (December 31, 18961 of 
42,708,264. In addition to this there is 
Formosa with a population of 1,996,989, and 
the Pescadores with a population of 44,820, 
both ceded to Japan by China. The emperor 
or mikado is Mutsuhito, who was born No- 
vember 3, 1852, and succeeded his father 
February 13, 1867. The system of govern- 
ment was changed in 1889 from an absolute 
to a limited monarchy by the promulgation 
of a constitution and the establishment of 
an Imperial Diet, consisting of a House of 
Peers and a House of Representatives. 

By the constitution absolute freedom of 
religious belief and practice is secured. 
The chief forms of religion are Shintoism and 
Buddhism. Elementary education is com- 
pulsory, and considerable attention is given 
to advanced education through high schools, 
colleges, and universities. Protestant mis- 
sions were commenced in 1859, and at the 
present time some of the European churches 
and the leading churches in the United 
States are there represented by their mis- 



Korea has an area of 82,000 square miles, 
and an estimated population of 10,528,937. 
The foreign population consisted in 1897 of 
10,000 Japanese, 4,000 Chinese, and about 
300 others, of whom 73 were British and 130 
Americans. The reigning monarch, whose 



Methodist Episcopal Missions in Eastern A. 




surname is Yi and name Hcui, succeeded 
his predecessor in 18C4, and assumed the. 
title of emperor in 1897. He is an inde- 
pendent sovereign, but his power is modified 
somewhat by his cabinet. 

The worship of ancestors is generally ob- 
served, and Confucianism is held in high 
esteem, while Buddhism has numerous 
monasteries. Protestant missions, intro- 
duced in 1883, have an open field, and arc 
making good progress. 

Eastern Asia has been personally exam- 
ined aud studied by Bishop Cranston dur- 
ing the past two years, and ho has lately 
written as follow* : 

"With a. bun upon every faculty except 
memory it is no marvel that the Chinaman 
lags behind. That one cultivated faculty 
chains him to the past so that he cannot get 
on. In his capacity to retain volumes of 
rubbish lie is prodigious, but ho is barren 
of ideas. His inventiveness and reasoning 
flinctions are dormant except at the bidding 
of hunger or greed, and even under these 
masters exhaust themselves in devising 
schemes for stealing, under tlio guise of 
honesty. His success in this shows what he 
might achieve if allowed a symmetrical de- 
velopment. But how shall he grow without 
Ideas, aud how shall these find soil where 
there is neither ambition, hope, faith, nor 
courage ? 

" In a land where nothing is good except 



stagnation, and nothing wicked except 
novelty, there is neither the opportunity 
that inspires courage nor the courage that 
creates opportunity. In China and Korea 
no virtue is rarer than courage. Physical, 
intellectual, moral— it is conspicuously miss- 
iDg. Whatever inspiration is to move them 
must como from without. 80 long as the 
whole heart is faint the head will remain 
sick. That is to say, while they need the 
dynamic force of new ideas, there must be 
back of the ideas something that will rob 
the headsman's ax of its terrors. Moses 
was never wiser than when he asked how he 
should convince Israel that God had at last 
intervened in their behalf. Such people 
must in some way be inspired with hope 
and courage. 

"What is to save China and Korea Is 
less ridicule and more practical pity; less 
robliery and more justice from so-called 
Christian nations; fewer soldiers and battle- 
ships and more missions and sehooIhouseB ; 
then more missionaries and schools and no 
soldiers and battleships. It is very hard 
for a man who is being trampled on and 
robbed to believe that his assailant's God is 
a loving and benevolent Being, and harder 
still for the victim to learn to pray to him 
while yet under the robber's heel. No won- 
der is it thnt many of these Orientals have 
come to think that Christian doctrine is only 
the honeyed word used to conceal the ma- 



Metfiodist Episcopal Missions in Eastern As: 



55 



rsuder's purpose. that they could know 
in some way that the heart of Christ's real 
Church is honest toward them, and that. 
God's Sou Is really engaged in their behalf! 
I do not wonder that great-hearted men are 
impatient for some demonstration that will 
give the heathen world more confidence in 
the divine claims of Christianity, and that 
their very intensity of desire creates phan- 
toms of speedy success in the flame-light of 
their kindling purpose to bring about some 
manifestation. Just here is the danger of 
loyal zeal. 

" Undoubtedly the Church is well able to 
make a demonstration that will bring vic- 
tory nearer than it seems to-day. While she 
cannot control the greed of Russia, England, 
Germany, France, and Italy, she can multi- 
ply the voices of love and peace, and show 



| these unfortunate peoples the way out of 
their troubles. She is well able to make the 
year 1900 memorable by throwing an army 
of ten thousand Protestant missionaries into 
Asia alone. The march of such a liberating 

I host would mean more for the world's prog- 
■ss than all navies and standing armies. 
"A large addition to the field force would 

I hasten the grand consummation— the preach- 
ing of the Gospel everywhere ; but evangel- 
ization must mean more than preaching 
and its Immediate results. In its relation to 
God the Asiatic conscience must be almost 
recreated. The word "awakened" hardly 
applies. The intellectual faculties must be 
developed until their equilibrium is re- 
stored. Native teachers and leaders must 
be raised up by thousands before the seed of 
truth may be said to be fairly planted. 




66 



Japan Conference. 



" Nor can a people be called evangelized 
until their institutions, as well as their 
morals and their thinking, have been 
brought under the influence of Christ. All 
this presupposes schools, text-books in the 
vernacular, and the very patience of the 
Master in waiting, waiting, for the people, 
so long the slaves of superstition, to come 
into the light and liberty of the truth. Some 
of the leading English missions have tried 
the short method, without schools, and are 
confessing its failure. 

"Several years have passed since it was 
boasted that a nation had been born in a day ; 
but the heart of Japan will never be sound 
religiously until her head is rid of the athe- 
ism and agnosticism now rampant in her 
schools and among her leaders. She is to be 
only the France of Asia unless evangelical 
Christianity can avert that destiny. Think- 
ing, conscientious, and therefore masterful 
nations are not born in a day of man's 
calendar. It takes one of God's days to 
produce such." 



Japan Oonferenoe. 

MISSION work was commenced in Japan in 1873, 
under the superintendence of Rev. R. S. Mac- 
lay, D.D. In 1884 the Mission was organized into a 
Conference. In 1898 the Conference was divided, 
and the southern part of Japan set apart as the 
South Japan Mission Conference. In 1899 the Con- 
ference was changed from a fall to a spring Confer- 
ence. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. Robert P. Alexander, Rev. Charles Bishop 
and Mrs. Olive Whiting Bishop, Rev. Benjamin 
ChappeU and Mrs. Mary Holbrook Chappell, Mr. 
James L. Cowen and Mrs. Frances Hubbell Cowen, 
Rev. Gideon F. Draper and Mrs. Mira Haven Draper, 
Rev. Charles W. Huett and Mrs. Emma Remick 
Huett, Rev. Henry B. Schwartz and Mrs. Mary Fra- 
zier Schwartz, Rev. Julius Soper, D.D., and Mrs. 
Mary Davison Soper, Rev. David S. Spencer and Mrs. 
Mary Pike 8pencer, Rev. John W. Wadman, Rev. 
Whiting L. Worden, M.D., and Mrs. Hattie Way 
Worden, Miss Jennie S. Vail. In the United States : 
Rev. Joseph G. Cleveland, Ph.D., and Mrs. Mary 
Townsend Cleveland, Rev. John O. 8pencer, Ph.D., 
and Mrs. Amanda Cushman Spencer, Rev. Herbert 
W. Swartz, M.D., and Mrs. Lola Reynolds Swartz, 
Mrs. Mame Huntress Wadman. 

(Mrs. Mary Vroom Alexander died January 19, 
1899. Rev. I. H. Correll, D.D., and Mrs. Correll re- 
signed in September, 1899. Rev. J. W. Wadman re- 
turned to Japan in 1899. Rev. H. B. Schwartz and 
wife returned to Japan in January, 1900. Rev. J. 
O. Spencer and Mrs. Spencer returned from Japan in 
July, 1899.) 



Annual Meeting. 

The Japan Conference held its sixteenth session at 
Aoyama, Tokoyo, Japan, March 29-April 6, 1899, 
Bishop Cranston presiding. Kinkichi Miura was re- 
ceived on trial. Shegee Kimura was discontinued. 
J.C. Davison, £. R. Fulkerson, H. B. Johnson, Kotaro 
Kawase, Keinosuke Kosaka, Shigeo Matsukuma, Sogo 
Matsumoto, Chiujo Nagano, Chiujo Xakayama, Tsu- 
nenari Otake, Uichiro Sasamori, Yoshito Tsuda, M. 
S. Vail, and the following probationers: Ukichi 
Kaneko, Noboru Kawasaki, Torasuke Sato, Kasaku 
Yoshioka were transferred to the South Japan Mis- 
sion Conference ; Harutoshi Kawasumi to the Cali- 
fornia Conference. Toshio Fujiwara, Giichi Suzuki, 
Eijiro Takasugi, and A. R. Morgan were located at 
their own request. Itsuki Honda and Takuhei 
Kikuchi were superannuated. The following were 
elected delegates to the General Conference : Cler- 
ical, Julius Soper ; alternate, J. G. Cleveland ; lay, 
Professor Masayoshi Takagi ; alternate, Hon. Sho 
Nemoto. 

The following memorials to the General Confer- 
ence were adopted : 

1. That the time of probation in an Annual Con- 
ference be made four years instead of two, except in 
case of graduates from our theological schools ; that 
none be admitted into full membership until they 
have completed the course of study and have been 
elected to elders 1 orders; that a special course of 
study of two years be provided for graduates from 
our theological schools ; that those who have been 
on trial two years and those who have graduated 
from our theological schools may be elected to 
deacons' orders and ordained as deacons on trial. 

2. That the laymen from each District of the Japan 
Annual Conference be admitted as members of said 
Annual Conference, under certain conditions. 

3. That the time limit be taken away both for Pre- 
siding Elders and pastors. 

4. That the term " heathen " throughout the Dis- 
cipline be changed to " non-Christian," or " foreign, n 
as may best suit the context. 

5. That a Central Conference be organized in 
Japan. 

6. That an episcopal residence be fixed in Eastern 
Asia. 

The statistics reported 3,028 members, an increase 
of 57 ; 1,888 probationers, an increase of 103 ; 6,744 
Sunday school scholars, a decrease of 33. 

The following were the appointments : 

Hakodate District.— G. F. Draper, P. E. Aklta» 
Tomokichi Hasegawa. Aomori and Hachinohe, 
Masami Iinuma. Fujisaki, to be supplied. Goeho- 

fawara, to be supplied. Hakodate, Motojiro Yama- 
a. Hirosaki, Kyukichi Nakada. Hirosaki Gospel 
8ociety, R. P. Alexander. Kuroishi, to be sup- 

Slied. Morioka, Teiji Iikubo. Odate and Noshiro, 
iotoi Hirakawa. Yakumo, to be supplied. 

Nagoya District. — 8ennosuke Ogata, P. E. Gifu, 
Shosaku Takahashi. Komaki, Kiyohito Fukagaya. 
Koshiozu, to be supplied. Nagoya : First Church 
and Deki Machi, Sennosuke Ogata, Taichiro Miura> 
Kiukichi Miura; Second Church, Heizo Hirata. 
Nlshio, Konosuke Sawai. Toyohashi and Shinshiro, 
Keitaro Ichiku. Taichiro Miura, Instructor in 
Seiryu Jo-Gakko. 



Japan Conference. 




tnizawa, Kwi .... 
molo. Mashlke, 

Kawano. flappi 
to be supplied. 

Sendai District,— Kamej I Ishazaka, P. E. Nishl- 
nasuno and Sakuyama, to be supplied. Sendai, C. 
W. Huett. Shirakawa, to be supplied. Tendo and 
Yamagata. Shlgejiro Sugihara. Utsonomiva and 
Shtmodate, BuDsblcbl Onuki. Yonezawa, Kashizo 
fihiratori. 

Shinano Disthict.— Elkcn Aibara, P. E. Annul. 
TokLiaro Sago. Ilda, Tsunezo Takami. Ina and 
Takato, Jlnshlro Kambe. Matsumoto, Elkcn Aibara, 
Kemo llda. Matsusbiro, Tetsuji Kltazawa. 

Tokyo Disthict.— D. 8. Spencer, P. E. Amahu, 
Eiiaro Hlrano Mizokaido and Kawamata, Klchi- 

iiro Ukal. Sawara and Ajiki, Sanshtro Koklta. To- 
;vo : Aovama, College Church, Yottsu Honda ; 
Aoyama, First Church, Toranosuke Vainada, Taka- 

Kki N'amae ; Asaknsa. W. 8 Worden ; Gtnza, Ta- 
sbt Ukal : Gospel Society , W. S. Worden : Kudan, 
Kunlsaburo Nakagawa ; Mita, Yoahlnosuke Beki- 
lawi: Okubo and Yotsuya, Viibl Kojimu : Tsukljl, 
Shlgejiro Furusawa; Yokaicliiba, Shlulchl Kato. 
Yoltsu Honda. President ; Benjamin Chappell, Dean 
of Aoyama Gakuln. Julius Soper, Dean of Phi- 
lander Smith Biblical Institute. Toranosuke Yama- 
du, Professor in Philander Smith Biblical Institute. 
Umenosnke Besiho, Editor of Gokyo. Katsnsaburo 
Nagasaki, left without appointment to attend one of 
our sohools. 1. H. Correll, H. W. Swartz, J. 0. 
Spencer. J. W. W adman, and J. G. Cleveland, ab- 

Yokohama District.— Jnllus Soper, P. E. Honjo 
and Kumagae, Wasuke Ishakawa. Kanagawa, to 
besuppllcd. Kawagoe, Glsabaro Tanaka. Koknhu 



and Odawara, Kalzo Naruse. Sblmamura, Massa- 
chlka Nakamura. Tobe, Saehacht Kurimura. To- 

Soka and Fujtsawa, to be supplied. Yokohama, 
latonefhln Yumaka. Tamljirti Kueuhara, Instruct- 
or in Bible Training School for Women. Kanicbi 
Miyama, Temperance Evangelist. A. M. Brooks, 
Missionary in Korea. 



Hakodate District.— Rev. G. F. Draper, P. E,, 

reports : " We have made a special effort to distrib- 
ute religious literature, and a Bible cart bag been an 
excellent auxiliary. The evangelistic work of J, 
Xakada has been of much value. In Aomorl the 
condition and location of the cburch building have 
been a hindrance to our efforts. Hlrosakl has 
thrived spiritually, and Fujlsakl bas been more alive 
than for some years. In Samioka 21 adults have 
been recently baptized, and many inquirers are com- 
ing forward. Akita province Is a very needy field. 
The evangelistic services at the District Conference 
were aggressive and successful. The loss by fire at 
Hlrosakl of our mission property and the death of 
Mrs. Alexander brought great distress, and adeep 
Impression was made upon the community. The 
whole city was moved by the catastrophe, and much 
kindness was shown on every hand." 

Naoota District.— Rev. D. 8. Spencer, P. E., 
reports: "At Kosbiozu nine persons were recently 
received on probation, and three baptized, and the 
work Is promising. At Komakl the work Is more 



58 



The South Japan Mission Conference. 



aggressive and spiritual. Nagoya Deki Machi is a 
new work, with buildings worth 1,000 yen, a number 
of children and adults in the Home, a good day 
school, an excellent Sunday school, preaching twice 
a week, 16 members and probationers. The Na- 
goya First Church has improved spiritually, and 
self-support has made a great gain. Nagoya Second 
Church is housed in a rented building, the property 
of one of its members, has 47 members and proba- 
tioners, a Sunday school, and an active society. 
Nishiwo needs a revival of pure religion, having 
gained which, the future is bright. Shinshiro and 
Ebi have improved much in spiritual life. In the 
former city we have met with constant opposition, 
growing out of the bigotry and ignorance of the peo- 
ple concerning Christianity. In self-support we 
have done well, and the idea of self-support has 
taken possession of the minds of the members. The 
feeling of the public toward our work is manifestly 
changing for the better. We need the erection of a 
new building for the girls' school, a reinforcement 
of the work of the AVoman's Foreign Missionary 
Society, an additional missionary family to learn the 
language and assist in the work, an appropriation 
to aid in opening Gospel Society work among the 
hundreds of young men in Nagoya." 

Sapporo District.— Rev. Charles Bishop, P. E., 
reports : *' Substantial progress has been made. The 
church and Sunday school at Otaru are in good con- 
dition, and the church is seriously considering the 
question of becoming self-supporting in the near 
future. Ileiea is a good opening for a Gospel Soci- 
ety. There has been moderate advancement at Sap- 
porol The floating tendency of the population on 
the district is a discouragement to the building up of 
permanent churches. There are many open doors, 
if we were able to enter them." 

Sendai District.— Rev. K. Ishizaka, P. E., re- 
ports : <4 During the year there have been gracious 
revivals in three places. In Tendo there were large 
audiences in the church and the theater where 
preaching services were held, and many became in- 
quirers, and some repented of their sins. The sec- 
ond revival was at Nishinasuno, where 33 members 
pray and give testimony, and their faces are full of 
indescribable joy. Fifteen persons were baptized 
and others are on trial. The third revival was at 
Yamagata, and 45 people gave their names as in- 
quirers, and 7 have been baptized. Yonezawa, 
8hirakawa, and Sakuyama have made some prog- 
ress. Utsunomiya Church has been greatly revived, 
and they are working earnestly for the conversion 
of the unsaved. In Sendai the school is imparting 
the foundations of a Christian education to 25 girls. 
During the year 55 have been baptized in the dis- 
trict." 

Soinano District.— Rev. Y. Aibara, P. E., re- 
ports : " The old tendency to hate Christianity has 
almost died away, and now many seek the truth and 
give their hearty sympathy to the propagation of the 
Gospel. On Azumi circuit there was a gracious 
revival, and nine persons baptized. Iida circuit has 
made an excellent advance. The work on Ina cir- 
cuit is more prospering than ever. There have been 



seekers and converts in Matsumoto church. In Ta- 
kato church educators and business men have begun 
to study the Bible, and the prospect is very hope- 
ful." 

Tokyo District.— S. Ogata, P. E., reports: t4 The 
district has 9 churches in Tokyo and 4 in the 
country, and their pastors have been loyal to the 
Lord. During the year there were 89 baptisms and 
an increase in self-support. There are 6 more Sun- 
day schools than churches in the district, and most 
of them have done a good work. The schools at 
Aoyama, the Gospel Society School at Ginza, and 
five-day schools of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society, have all had a prosperous year. The District 
Conference proved a great blessing to all who at- 
tended it." 

Yokohama District.— J. G. Cleveland, P. E., re- 
ports : " There have been accessions at every point, 
and work opened at two new places. Self-support 
has suffered at some points, owing to removal of 
some of our best paying members. The Yokohama 
Gospel Society has been very prosperous, and 
through it 11 young men have been brought into the 
Church. The Bible Training 8chool is in excellent 
condition, and there is a constant demand for its 
graduates as Bible women. We need two more Bible 
women, a memorial chapel at Tobe, a proper home 
for the Yokohama Gospel Society, and a new church 
at Hon jo." 

Education.— The Philander Smith Biblical Insti- 
tute commenced the year with 8 students and closed 
with 6. One graduated, Mr. Takayuki Namae. 
Aoyama-Gakuin College and Academy had a total 
enrollment of 234 during the year, the number en- 
rolled at close of the school year being 178. The 
Industrial Department aided 24 students and em- 
ployed 43. The Ilirosaki night school had an enroll- 
ment of 45 from public school teachers, students, 
soldiers, and young men in business, with an aver- 
age attendance of 23. The Tokyo Gospel 8ociety 
had an enrollment of 255, with an average monthly 
attendance of 120; 6 young men have been bap- 
tized, and several more are seekers. The Yokohama 
Gospel Society opened the reading room 210 times, 
and had 2,300 readers during 9 months. It has 
40 members. During the year there were 14 bap- 
tisms ; 7 joined the Church. 

Publishing AVork.— The publications during the 
year exceeded in number and variety those of any 
previous year, and there was a gratifying increase 
in the sales. The Publishing Committee petition the 
General Conference to locate a Depository in Japan. 



The South Japan Mission Conference, 

THE South Japan Mission Conference was set on* 
from the Japan Conference in 1898. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. John C. Davison and Mrs. Mary Stout Davi- 
son, Rev. Epperson R. Fulkerson, D.D., and Mrs. 
Kate 8trong Fulkerson, Rev. Herbert B. Johnson 
and Mrs. Clara Richardson Johnson, Rev. Milton 8. 
Vail, and Mrs. Emma Witbeck Vail. 



The South Japan Mission Conference. 



Annua i. Mzeting. 
The South Japan Mission Conference it 



it of the district and tbe change of boundary 
, r jtg j of several cbargea. Tbe pastors showed they were 



drat session In Nagasaki Marcb 20-28, 1899, Bishop 
Cranston presiding. The following were received 
by transfer from the Japan Conference: J. C. 
Davison, E. R Fnlkerson, H. B. Johnson, Kotaro 

KawaBe,KelnoBukeKosaka,SogoMatBUinoto.ChLujo ot 'he appointments .^ ~. 
- - - - - A fresh Impulse has been gi' 



Nagano, Cblujo Nakayama, Yoshlto Tsuda, M. 
Vail, Sblgeo Matsnknma. Probationers i Kosaku ; s 
Yoahloka, Taraanke Bato, Uklchi Kaneko, Noboru , >* 
Kawasaki. Kuro Nagal, and Ktso Mural were re- 
ceived on trial. Torasuke Sato was discontinued. 

The Conference concurred with the Japan Annual 
Conference In Its requests to tbe General Conference 
for the organization of a Central Mission Conference 
(or Japan, and fur an episcopal residence In the 
East. It waa ordered tbat tbe members of the Con- 
ference when In the pulpit or at Conference dress in 
Japanese clothing, Including "haorl" and " ha- 



lntenaely Interested In the success ot the work." 

Nagasaki Disthict.— Rev J. C. Davison, P. E., 

reports, "The circuits comprising tbe district are 

widely scattered, requiring extensive travel. Inmost 

'iron are well attended. 

eu tbe church In Kago- 

i. Brother Nagano has been at work for seven 

In Loo Choo and there Is encouraging fruit. 



>r In fro 



n increase of 



The statistics reported 703 members, 
60; 395 probationers, an Increase of 28; 1,002 Sun- 
day school scholars, an increase of 1S4. 

The following were the appointments : 

Fukuoka District.— H. B. Johnson, P. E. Fuku- 
oka Circuit, K. Kosaka. Hakata and Saga, C. Na- 
kayama. Kokora and Hojl, li. Kaneko. Kurumc 
and Yanagawa, N. Kawasaki. Kutaml Circuit, S. 
Malaukuma. Otntita Circuit, K. Nagal. Wakamstsu 
Circuit, K. Yoshioka. 

Nagasaki District.— J. C. Davison, P. E. Ka- 
goshlma Circuit, 8. Matsumoto. Kallki Circuit, K. 
Mural. Knmamoto and Yatsnshiro, Y. Tsuda. Mi- 
yazskl, to be supplied. Nagasaki, K. Kawase. Koji- 
yamacbi, supplied by T. Sunamato. Okinawa (Loo 
Chool.C. Nagano. Bendal, T. Otake. ChlnselSen 
inary at Nagasaki, E. R. Fulkereon, Principal ; M. : 
Vail and Li. Sasamori, Professors. 



Reports. 
Fckuoka District.— Rev. II. B. Johr 
reports: "The masses do not gat In 



n, P. E.,' 

Gospel preached as In former years, and yet at all 
points unbelievers are always present, and some- 
times In large numbers, especially at night. Most 
interesting Bible classes are carried on at several 
places, attended by both teachers and students of 
the government schools. A new church has been 
erected at Wakamatsu, which was dedicated January 
6, 1899. A new church is greatly needed at Kokura. 
The Fukooka charge has had a g 
porta seven baptisms. A large 
people faithfully attend. The Sunday schools 
Yanagawa and Omuta have been very prosperous. 
A District Conference was held at Omuta In March, 
which was very harmonious, and exhibited an ex- 
cellent spirit. Among the most Important actions 
were : The setting apart of tbe noou hour for a daily 
concert of prayer; the adoption of 
self-support ; a recommendation to pastors to preach 
dedicating tbe best child 







Nagasaki has bad a prosper- 
ibersblphas beenqulckened 

into new life. The success of Chiuiel Seminary has 
been very gratifying. It has an enrollment of ITS 
students. The members of tbe faculty have labored 
not only for the Intellectual but also for tbe moral 
and spiritual good of the students. The benevolent 
collections arc as large as could be expected. Two 
of the churches have made an advance in pastoral 
iged | support. The temperance sentiment Is increasing 
throughout the district." 

Self-support.— The following was adopted: "Aft- 
er the amount is determined that is necessary for the 
support o( the pastor, the whole salary is to be divid- 
ed Into 12 equal parts or shares, representing tbe 13 
months of, the year, and each church shall be asked to 
of become responsible for as many shares as possible. 
It will be self-supporting In proportion to the number 
of shares taken. These shares taken by the local 



the service of God ; a similar recommendation to ' church are lo be paid during the latter part of tl 
schools, young people's societies, etc. ; representing ' year, the Missionary Society providing for the remalu- 
tbe ministry as an honorable calling, and urging , Ing shares from the beginning of the year. During 
young men not to neglect the call of God ; a further the entire year the church will collect and save its 
o the bishop concerning the en- money. In order tbat the burden may not be too 



60 



West China Mission, 



heavy at the close of the year the benevolent collec- 
tions are to be taken quarterly." 



West Ohina Mission. 

THE West China Mission is in the province of 
Szechuen, its principal stations being Chung- 
king, Chentu, and Suiling. Mission work was com- 
menced by Rev. L. N. Wheeler, D.D., who arrived 
in Chungking in December, 1881, rented property, 
and after a few months of preaching returned to 
Kiukiang, and again arrived in Chungking December 
3, 1882, accompanied by his wife and Rev. 8pencer 
Lewis and wife. The Mission was brDken up by 
a riot in 1885 and resumed in 1887. Rev. Spencer 
Lewis is the superintendent. 

Missionaries. 

Chunykiwj : Rev. Spencer Lewis and Mrs. Esther 
Bilbie Lewis, Rev. Wilson E. Manly and Mrs. Florence 
Brown Manly, Osman F. Hall, M.D. Chentu: Rev. 
H. Olin lady and Mrs. Hattie Yates Cady, Harry 
L. Canright, M.D., and Mrs. Margaret Markham 
Canright, Rev. Jacob F. Peat and Mrs. Emily May 
Peat. Suilint/: Rev. James O. Curnow and Mrs. 
Jennie Eland Curnow. In the United State* : James 
II. McCartney, M.D., and Mrs. Sarah Kissack 
McCartney, Rev. Quiney A. Myers and Mrs. Cora L. 
Myers. 



Report of Rev. Spencer Lewis, Superintendent. 

Our report ends with September 80, 1899. A year 
ago we reported widespread disturbances, caused by 
one U Mon Tse, who, with thousands of followers, , Myers lias made it necessary for me to spend con- 



quiet enough to travel in. At Hocheo, where oar 
native workers had been driven from a rented 
place, it was a full year before we secured a place 
where our few converts could meet for worship. 
At Kiangpeh, where a Chinese medical assistant was 
murdered a year ago last March, we opened about a 
year later a place bought with indemnity money, 
where we have daily preaching and Sunday services, 
together with daily dispensing of medicines, and a 
boys' school. Our medical graduate, Dwan, is in 
charge, though others have assisted him in the 
school and in preaching, and Mrs. Lewis and a 
Bible woman have worked among the women. 
Three have been received on probation, and there 
are several inquirers. 

In the city of Yanghsien (Chiyang) we opened and 
reuted a place in May with a native preacher in 
charge, and he reports large numbers of hearers and 
several inquirers. A place has also just been rented 
at Xuichiang (Luichang). 

Of the seven cities on the main road between 
Chunking and Chentu four have been opened and 
are included in the Tsieheo Circuit. The other three 
we hope to open before the end of the century. 
Brother Curnow tells of success in buying and 
building a house at Suiling, a city on another route 
between Chungking and Chentu, and our third sta- 
tion for missionary residence. • The Mission is now 
carrying on work in nine walled cities as stations or 
outstations. The state of the country has made it 
impracticable to visit the work as much as usual. 
One trip has been made to all the stations, and an- 
other to a part of them. The ill health of Brother 



ravaged, burned, and murdered, foreigners and 
native Christians being the special objects of his 
enmity. The work of the whole Mission was hin- 
dered, being closed for a time in two or three sta- 
tions, and entirely broken up by riot in one out 



siderable time in helping him with the treasurer's 
accounts and the church work. 

There has been an increase at every point except 
in the number of probationers, infant baptisms, and 
missionaries. The net increase of members and 



station. The bandits approached so near Chung- ' probationers together is about 14 per cent, and 
king that most of the missionaries were on the point 'the increase in contributions is the same. Our 
of leaving, but were providentially led to remain. | membership has doubled in three years, and our 
Little Protestant work had been developed in the contributions more than doubled in two years. 



disturbed region, and while the Protestant Chris- 
tians suffered the loss of goods ami were in great 
peril, none lost their lives. 

It was otherwise with the Roman Catholic Chris- 
tians. Many lost their lives, and more than 10,000 
penniless refugees were fed from mission funds at 
Chungking for several months. We twice sent a man 



The educational work of the Mission has made a 
good advance, in spite of the fact that several 
pupils in the Chungking Institute were so frightened 
as to leave the school and did not return. A small 
beginning has been made in a high school at 
Chentu. The Mission has added during the year 
several day schools and 130 pupils. The medical 



as a spy among the bandits in order to obtain reliable I wor k shows a good increase in Chentu, but a falling 
•information.. The second time he was recognized on * R t Chungking. 
by some one who had been a hospital patient, and it I 
would have gone hard with him if a friend from his 
native place had not promptly told a pack of lies in i 
his behalf. On this occasion he saw two native Catho- 



lics beheaded. One of them was offered his life if he 
would recant, but he replied, ** I have l>een a Chris- 
tian all these years, and I am not going back on it 
now." 

The year for which we now report has suffered 
more from these disturbances than the previous 
one. It was several months before U Mon Tse was 
captured, and a longer time before the country was 



Chungking Circuit. 

Rev. Q. A. Myers reports: "The work has been 
considerably extended during the year. Some new 
places for regular preaching have been opened, and 
these, with the old work of the station, have been 
formed into a circuit. Much more preaching has 
been done than in former years, both in the regular 
church gatherings and in the street chapels. There 
are 133 native and 7 foreign members, an increase 
of 34 during the year : and 59 probationers, an in- 
crease of 7. The collections have been 178.48 taels, 



West China Mission. 



61 



of which 1U7.9S were from native sources and 70.53 
taels from foreigners. The church services, Sunday 
schools, prayer meetings, and classes have bad the 
usual attendance, and the work generally is grow- 
ing." 

CmiNuitiNu Medical Work. 

Dr. Osman F. Hall reports; "I reached Chung- 
king May 23, 1R9B, and one week later Dr. McCart- 
ney left on his furlough. The work In my care 
consisted of 40 hospital patients, 3 dispen- 
saries with a total daily attendance of 
about 75 patients, two classes of medical 
students, a drag store supplying mission- 
aries throughout the province, medical 
service to be rendered the Imperial Mari- 
time Customs and the American, English, 
and Japanese consulates, and a general 
outside practice. With no knowledge of 
the language I suffered great embarrass- 
ment. 1 owe much to the valuable assist- 
ance of Doctors Lias and Dwan, who had 
graduated from a five years' course under 
Dr. McCartney, and to the missionaries 
who gave their time to interpret for me. 
During the four months ending Septem- 
ber 30 I received professional visits from 
94 foreigners and natives at my office; 
have answered 174 calls to patients at 
their homes; have received 115 Into the 
hospital ; performed 12 major surgical 
operations; attended 5 labor cases; given 
personal supervision to 332 orders for 
drags from foreigners ; and assisted In 
remodeling a building for better accom- 
modation of the dispensary and drug departments. 
The statistics for the year show 4,880 patients at the 
dispensaries, 14,801 other visits, S13 patients at 
hospitals, 815 office and outside visits, 189 major 
operations, 347 minor operations." 

Chcnokixq Boys' Boahiiiko School. 

Rev. W. E. Manly reports: "The number In at- 
tendance at the school has been about the same 
as in the preceding year, but the work done by 
the students has shown marked improvement. In 
February, 1809, three young men finished the 
course of study and have gone into active Christian 

" It is encouraging to note the tact that while the 
school has only been lu operation seven years, yet 
one half of the helpers lu street cbapel preaching arc 
those who have received at least one year's instruc- 
tion In the school. Sli of the students have regular 
appointment at thestreetchai>el, and have been very 
faithful In discharge of their duty. They have also 
continued the Sunday service at the village near 

" We have sadly needed better appliances to en- 
able us to teach the elementary sciences, and, through 
the help of Bishop Joyce, are soon to be In part sup- 
plied. We have done no industrial work aside from 
photography and tailoring. The boys have made 
their own clothes, and the photographing classes 
have done well." 



Cnr.sTv Station. 
Rev. J. F. Peat reports : " The civil students who 
are now in the city are more inclined to come about 
us than formerly. In view of the triennial exami- 
nations soon to be held In this city we have opened 
a book and drug store on the Mission premises with 
capital loaned by the missionaries, and the profits 
will be used for the work. There is some demand 
for Christian literature, which we wish to supply. 




"During the year three young men have been 
licensed to exhort. Besides my regular work I have 
taught a class In elementary astronomy during one 
quarter. During most of the year we have had an 
excellent street-chapel force, consisting of seven 
or eight men, who take much delight In preaching 
three evenings each week. The prayer meetings 
and preaching services are generally well attended. 
In the line of self-support our little church Is doing 
nobly." 

ClIRNTI- SCBO0I.9. 

Mrs. II. Olin Caily reports ; *' In our school work 
there are two departments, primary and inter- 
mediate, and outside of these are several young men 
pursuing special studies. Our day schools are free, 
but the outside students pay tuition in advance. 

" Our Mission two years ago adopted a course of 
study for our schools, and by careful work these 
schools hare been graded so that advancement is 
being made on all lines. The work of developing 
the thought power of the scholars must be done by the 
foreigners, as the Chinese teachers have no concep- 
tion of what this kind of teaching means and how it 
is to he done. 

" We need very mueh a good high-grade school. 
It would be well patronized in this literary center of 
West China. We need It especially to give us edu- 
cated Christian helpers io carry on the work of all 
departments of the Mission. There are boys now In 
our schools who are being supported by the mis- 



62 



The Foochow Conference. 



sionaries here, who would gladly go on in advanced 

studies and would be of great help to us in the 

future." 
% Chentu Medical Work. 

Dr. Harry L. Canright reports : " We have en- 
joyed an uninterrupted year of labor. The feeling 
of the people toward us has constantly improved. 
In 1899 there were 8,812 first visits to the dispensary, 
13,567 return visits to the dispensary, 197 in-patients, 
a total of 17,576 ; being an increase of 4,353 over the 
previous year. 

44 Of the dispensary patients, 40 per cent had 
skin diseases ; 10 per cent respirator}' ; 10 per cent 
alimentary ; ophthalmic, nervous, and malarial, each 
6 per cent : osseous and venereal, each 4 per cent ; 
vascular, generative, and glandular, each 1 per cent. 
The remaining 11 per cent were chiefly opium pa- 
tients. Among the patients were 605 women. The 
average daily attendance was 58." 

Tsi Cueo Circuit. 

Rev. H. Olin Cudy reports: "The work last year 
was greatly hindered by the lawlessness and perse- 
cution that prevailed in this part of the province, 
and much credit is due to the faithfulness of Broth- 
ers Ho and Chang, who, enduring persecution, re- 
mained at their posts and cared for their flocks. 

"During the year 9 have been baptized at Tsi 
Cheo, where Brother Chang is stationed. A Sunday 
school has l)een conducted with 3 teachers and 38 
scholars. The Mission quarters are too small, and 
we find it difficult to rent others, and because we 
have no money we cannot buy. 

44 The work at Tien Goo Chiao is also a part of 
Brother Chang's field. The people here meet for 
worship in the open court of a farmhouse, and 
should have a building that will answer for both 
a school and church. At the last quarterly meeting 
9 were baptized and received into full membership, 
and there are now here 12 members and 13 proba- 
tioners. This point is within the county of Tsi 
Tang, and this year we have rented at the county 
city, Tsi Yang, a small place for street chapel, with 
rooms for Sunday services and for the preacher to 
live in. Chu Da Yea is here preaching the Gospel. 
At Chien Cheo 3 have been baptized and received 
into full membership. 

44 The circuit reported last year a membership of 
96 ; this year a membership of 53. The preacher at 
Chien Cheo and the rent of the chapel are paid by the 
gifts of the church at Chentu. The helper at Tsi 
Yang is supported by a friend at La Salle, 111. The 
preacher at Tsi Cheo is supported by the Epworth 
League of Western Avenue Church, Chicago. The 
rent of the chapel at Tsi Cheo and all school build- 
ings on the circuit is paid from local resources, as 
is "also the salary of one teacher. The collections for 
the Missionary Society and for self-support show a 
healthy increase. We need more money to rent 
chapels from $12 to $35 each ; to pay native helpers 
from $90 to $50 each ; to pay rent of school build' 
ing and salary of a teacher, $40 each. We hope the 
church at home will cheerfully furnish the money for 
these important purposes." 



Suiling Station. 

Rev. J. O. Curnow reports ; 44 The disturbed con- 
dition of the country the first part of the year pre- 
vented our work at this station, and our time was 
given to evangelistic work in Chungking. In Feb- 
ruary we purchased property iu Suiling. The prem- 
ises were the best obtainable, but needed remodeling, 
and the ensuing six months were devoted in part to 
making the changes. 

44 The membership remains about the same as last 
year. The strain of persecution has proven several 
of our probationers unstable in the faith, but others 
have been received and we have several promising 
candidates. The day school has had an average at- 
tendance of 20. Public services have been held 
continuously during the latter half of the year with 
an attendance of from 50 to 100. The Sunday school 
has had from 18 to 36 scholars. The collections for 
self-support have been fair, and our prospects are 
promising." 



The Foochow Conference, 

THE Foochow Conference includes the Fuhkien 
Province of China, except so much as is in- 
cluded in the Hinghua Mission Conference. Mission 
work was commenced in Foochow by Rev. Judson 
Dwight Collins and Rev. Moses C. White and wife, 
who arrived at Foochow September 4, 1847. This 
was the beginning of the work in China which has 
developed into the Foochow Conference, Hinghua 
Mission Conference, North China Conference, Cen- 
tral China Mission, and West China Mission. The 
Foochow Mission was organized as a Conference in 
1877. The address of all the missionaries is Foo- 
chow. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. Ernest B. Caldwell and Mrs. Caldwell, Rev. 
Win. II. Lacy and Mrs. Emma Xind Lacy, Rev. Wm. 
A. Main and Mrs. Emma Main, Prof. Ben H. Marsh, 
Rev. George S. Miner and Mrs. Mary Kendall Miner, 
Rev. James Simester and Mrs. Winifred Smack Sim- 
ester, James E. Skinner, M. D. and Mrs. Susan Law- 
rence Skinner, M. D., Rev. Myron C. Wilcox, Ph. D., 
and Mrs. Hat tie Churchill Wilcox, Miss Sarah M. 
Bosworth. In the United States: Rev. George B. 
Smyth, D.D., and Mrs. Alice Harris Smyth, Rey. 
James H. Worley, Ph.D., and Mrs. Imogene Laura 

Field Worley. 

Annual Meeting. 

j Rev. M. C. Wilcox forwards the following account 

! of the meeting : 44 The twenty-third session of the 

j Foochow Conference was held in Kucheng October 

: 4-8, 1899, Bishop Cranston presiding. After a very 

large congregation had partaken of the sacrament 

Bishop Cranston expressed his pleasure at again 

meeting the preachers, and also spoke feelingly of 

the death of Rev. X. J. Plumb, long one of the most 

faithful workers, who passed away July 11. 

44 The Conference was organized by the election of 
M. C. Wilcox, secretary ; J. Simester, assistant 
secretary : G. S. Miner, statistical secretary ; W. H. 
Lacy, Conference treasurer; J. H. Worley, inter- 
preter. J. H. Worley was elected delegate, and G. 



The Foochow Conference. 



B. Smyth, reserve delegate to the General Confer- 
ence; Sla Tieng Aug, lay delegate, and Ding Hie 
Ung, reserve lay delegate. Mr. Sla is a son of the 
late Rev. Sla Sek Ong, D.D., Undelegate In' 1888. He 
la attending college in the United States, and Intends 
entering the ministry when be returns (o China. Mr. 
Ding la a son of one of the veterans of the Confer- 

" Resolutions were adopted expressing high ap- 
preciation of Bishop Cranston and his work. The 
Conference also voted unanimously in favor of 
making Shanghai or Foochow an episcopal resi- 
dence, and favor having one of onr bishops reside 
In the East during an entire quadrennlum, prefer- 
ring this arrangement to the missionary episcopacy 
with the risk of a prolonged misfit. 

"On Sunday afternoon four deacons and three 
elders were ordained and afterward memorial exirr- : 
dees for Brother N.J. Plumb were held, and addresses \ 
made by Hu Jaik Hang and the writer. 

11 The Increase in membership is only li>7. This I 
small Increase has been caused by an unusually 
large death rate, owing partly to the plague ; the 
number who have withdrawn or been expelled ; the 
greater pressure brought to bear upon our people to 
make them contribute toward the support of tbelr 
preachers; and the general unrest, owing to the dis- 
turbed state ot political affairs. 

" The statistics report 4,349 members, 4,301 proba- 
tioners, 296 native preachers, 103 Epworth Leagues 
with 2,419 members, 168 Sunday schools with 364 

teachers and 5,441 scholars, 247 day schools for boys 
with 9,330 pnpils, who paid $5,006 toward the support 
of the schools. There were baptized 682 adults and 
383 children, and the contributions amounted to 
$8,803.47, of which (304 was for the Missionary So- 
ciety, (2,771 for self-support, $1,505 for church 
building and repairing, $57 for General Conference 
expenses, $67 for bishops, $717 for other purposes. 

"Two new districts, Kudu and Ngu-cheng, were 
set off from tbe larger ones, making the total num- 
ber of districts eight. The following were the ap- 
pointments of the missionaries and the native Pre- 
siding Elders: 

Foochow District.— M. C. Wilcox, P. E. Su- 
perintendent of Mission Press, Treasurer and Bust. 
neas Agent, W. H. Lacy, Superintendent of Day 
Schools Supported by Special Gifts, G. B. Miner. 
Theological School, to be supplied. Anglo-Chinese 



MiNGrniANO District. — Ding Ung Tlu, P. E. J, 
H. Worley, missionary In Charge. 
Noc-cheng District.— Huong Pan Seng, P. E. 
.5 m — missionary in charge." 



G. 8. Mint 



Reports. 

Mi sochi aso District.— Rev. Ding Ung Tin, 

P. E., reports; "There has been a slight advance 

In the collections and no unpaid subscriptions. 

Through all the trials and hard times the preach- 
beeu faithful and diligent. The people 




s S. M. Boswortb, Mrs. Plumb, Mrs. Lacy, 



College : President, G. B. Smyth (on furlough) ; Act- 

._._ ...... , a .. . II. Marsh, 

. _ , Lacy, Mrs. 

Boys' Boarding School, M. C. Wilcox, 

Principal. Foochow Graded School, Miss E. C. 
Plnkney. 

Biiiiso District.— Ngol Gl Lang, P. E. J. Sinis- 
ter, missionary in charge. 

Hokchiaso District.— Hu Jaik Hang, P. E. M. C. 
Wilcox, missionary In charge. 

Iosubisg District.— Ding Deng Dien, P. E. J. H. 
Worley, missionary in Charge. 

Kcchxbo District.— W. A. Main, P. E. Superin- 
tendent of Wiley General Hospital, J. E. Skinner, 
M. D. Medical Work among Women, Mrs. S. I. a 
rence Skinner, M. D. Schell-Cooper Academy, W. 
Main, Principal. 

Ku-na District.— Tiang Nguk Jae, P. E. W. 
»■„!.. ._;„i 'n charge. 



and did not understand the amp d'ilat of last year, 
were told It was evidence of the government's op- 
position to Christianity ; hence many wbo were 
ready to give up their idols and accept Christ were 
turned back, and some weak in tbe faith went back. 
Reports against the foreigners were also circulated 
and our members were oppressed and persecuted, 
bat tbe Lord has delivered and blessed us. Tbe 
missionaries of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society have been very efficient and gained the love 
and confidence of the people. 1 have traveled 4,885 
li, baptized and received Into full membership 191 
adults and baptised 54 children. The tunes were 
very bard so that many found it difficult to secure 
the necessaries of life, but they have contributed 
$1,376.50, of which $448.60 was for self-support; 
$518.80 for day schools ; $203.70 for church repairs ; 
$12 for district library; $49.10 for local purposes; 
$8 for episcopal fund ; $8 for General Conference ex- 
penses; $37.50 for Missionary Society; $78.30 for 
home missions ; $13.50 for other benevolences." 
Foochow District.— Rev. J. H. Worley, P. E., 



64 



The Methodist Episcopal Mission in Mexico. 



report*-. "There has been steady growth In spiritual 
lite among preachers and members. Some special 
meetings for Intellectual and spiritual Improvement 
proved very helpful. There has been no backward 
step in self-support and the benevolences, except In 
rare cases, while in several charges there has been a 
decided advance. The day schools have prospered. 
The Boys' Boarding School has suffered because of 
Inadequate accommodations, but this peed will soon 
be supplied, at least In part. Rev. W, II. Lacy agrees 
to give |1,000 and try to raise tSOO more among his 
friends, and this will erect a suitable building, but 
we will still need (500 to pay for land and for a wall 
around the property. The Anglo-Chinese College 
takes a high rauk and is doing a good work, but 
needs money to erect buildings. Our publishing 
work still enlarges and there Is an increasing de- 
mand for o;ir books even among the unconverted. 
The workers of the Woman's Foreign Mlsslonary 
Society have been abundant In labors." 

Hokchia so kxo lUiriKO Districts.— Rev. M. C. 
Wilcox, missionary In charge, reports : " There has 
been a spiritual advance on both districts. The 
people have suffered greatly from typhoons, and In 
addition those on the Hokchlang District have been 



afflicted with the bnbontc plague and with drought. 
Despite the bard times, all departments of mission 
work have been carried on, largely because of 
special contributions received from friends In Amer- 
ica. One of the most pressing needs of these dis- 
tricts Is a resident missionary of the General Society 
and a home erected for him." 

Special Gift Schools.— Rev. G. S. Miner, super- 
intendent, reports : " The schools are in a better 
shape than they were a year ago. The 96 insti- 
tutes and teachers' meetings that have been held 
and the rigid examination of all the teachers have 
been helpful to the work. The schools number 2*8, 
and have 4,866 boys and 536 girls as pupils. To care 
for this work and raise money for their support re- 
quire much hard work." 

Miss Sarah M. Bos worth writes : " I arrived in 
Foochow September 14, 1890, after a year's furlough, 
and the following Monday began again my school 
work. I teach seven classes daily in the Anglo-Chi- 
nese College. The school has Increased In size and 
there are many opportunities for Christian work 
among the students. 1 am again in charge of the 
Epworlh Leagues in the Conference. The outlook la 
very good." 



THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSION IN MEXICO. 




The Raid. 

MEXICO has an area of 767,005 square 
miles, and a population by the census 
of 1895 of 12,619,969. Of the total population 
) per cent are of pure, or 
nearly pure white race, 13 
per cent of mixed race, and 
8 per cent of Indian race. 
Mexico City, the capital, 
■ has a population of 345,00m, 
i and the following cities 
have populations ranging 
between 53,000 and 02,000: 
Puebla, Leon, Guadalaja- 
ra, San Luis Potoai, Vera Cruz, Monterey, 
Fachuca. 

Mexico is a federative republic with 27 
States, 2 territories, and the Federal Dis- 
trict. The legislative power is vested in a 
Congress, consisting of a House of Repre- 
sentatives and a Senate. The executive 
power is vested in a president. The present 
president is General Porfirio Diaz, who was 
first elected in 1876 and is serving his fifth 
term, which will expire November 30, 1900. 

The prevailing religion is the Roman 
Catholic, but the State is independent of 
the Church, and all religions are tolerated. 
In moat of the states education is free and 
compulsory, but the law Is not enforced. 



The Methodist Episcopal Mission is under 
the supervision of Bishop CharlesC. McCabe, 
D.D., who has made extended tours through- 
out the republic in visiting the missions. 



Methodist Episcopal Mission. 

THE Methodist Episcopal Mission In Mexico was 
founded by Rev. Wru. Butler, D.D.,who arrived 
In Mexico February 19, 1873, and continued for six 
years as the superintendent. The Mission includes) 
the republic of Mexico, except the states of Chi- 
hnahua and Sonora, and the territory of Lower 
California. The Mission was organized as a Con- 
ference January 15, 1885. There are large publish- 
ing interests In Mexico City, and very prosperous 
schools In Puebla, Mexico City, Qneretaro, and 
Pachuca, connected with the Mission. 



Rev. Harry A. Bassett and Mrs. Jennie Sumner Bas- 
sett, Rev. Francis S. Borton, D.D., and Mrs. Helen 
Burnett Borton, Rev. John W. Butler, D.D., and 
Mrs. Sara Aston Buller, Rev. Ira C. Cartwrlght and 
Mrs. Marguerite Green Cartwrlght, M.D., Rev. BenJ. 
S. Haywood, Ph.D., and Mrs. Harriet Porter Hay- 
wood, Rev. George B. Hyde. M.D., and Mrs. Alettba 
Halsiead Hyde, Rev. Levi B. Salmans, M.D., and 
Mrs. Sara Smack Salmans, Rev. Win. S. Spencer 
and Mrs. Florence Gaffleld Spencer. 

W. F. M. S. r Mlsse* Harriet I.. Ayres, F.ffa Dun- 
more, Anna R. Llmberger, Mary DeF. Loyd, Carrie 
M. Party. 



Mexico Methodist Episcopal Mission. 



65 



Annual Meeting. 

The Mexico Conference was held in Mexico City 
January 25-30, 1899, Bishop McCabe presiding. 
Benjamin 8. Haywood was received from the Ne- 
braska and Geo. B. Hyde from the Vermont Con- 
ference; Miguel Rojas, Vicente Mendoza, Gabriel 
Rumbia, Petrinelo Constantino, and Pedro S. Paz 
were received on trial. G. E. Allen was transferred 
to the Michigan Conference. Geo. B. Hyde was 
located at his own request. Eduardo Carrero was 
supernumerary. 

The statistics reported 2,265 members, an increase 
of 100 ; 1,967 probationers, an increase of 58 ; 2,808 
8unday school scholars, an increase of 400. 

The following were the appointments : 



Central District.—J. W. Butler, P. E. Atlantla, 
to be supplied. Ayapango, to be supplied. Celaya, 
Jos6 Chavez. Chicoloapam, to be supplied. Cipres, 
to be supplied. Cueramaro, to be supplied. Guana- 
juato ana El Cubo, L. B. Salmans, Macario Bribi- 
esca. Jicarero and Jonacatepec, to be supplied. 
Mexico: English, H. A. Basset t ; Spanish, S. I. 
Lopez. Miraflores, to be supplied. Pacbuca, B. S. 
Haywood. Pozos, P. V. Espinoza. Puebla and Co- 
lonia, Eduardo Zapata; English, W. S. Spencer. 
Queretaro, B. N. \elasco. Salamanca, P. 8. Paz. 
Silao and Romito, Ignacio Chagoyan. W. S. Spen- 
cer ? President; F. 8. Borton, Professor, in Theo- 
logical Department; Andres Cabrera and J. H. 
Manning, Professors in Preparatory Department in 
Mexico Methodist Institute. B. N. Velasco, Direc- 
tor ; Gorgonia Cora, Professor, in Queretaro Institute. 
Publishing Agent to be supplied. J. W. Butler and 
P. F. Valderrama, Editors of El Abogada and books. 

Hidalgo District.— V. D. Baez, P. E. Huejutla, 
to be supplied. Nextlalpam, L. G. Alonzo. Pa- 
chucaand Acayuca, Vicente Mendoza, Petrinelo Con- 
stantino. Real del Monte, Miguel Rojas. San 
Agustin, to be supplied. Tezontepec, Norberto 
Mercado,.Gabriel Rumbia. Tlacinlotepec, to be sup- 

Slied. Tulancingo, to be supplied. Zacualtipan, to 
e supplied. 

Mountain District.— P. F. Valderrama, P. E. 
Apizaco, J. T. Ruiz. Atlixoo, to be supplied. Chi- 
etla and Atlzala, to be supplied. Jilotepec, to be 
supplied. San Martin, to be supplied. Tetela, Ed- 
mundo Ricoy. Tezuitlan and llapacoyan, to be 
supplied. Tlaxcala, to be supplied. Xochiapulco, 
I. C. Cartwright. Zacaola, to be supplied. 

Oaxaca District.—J. M. Euroza, P. E. Cuieatlan, 
to be supplied. Oaxaca, Jose Rumbia. Parian, to 
be supplied. Soledad, to be supplied. Telixtlahuac, 
to be supplied. Tehuan tepee, to be supplied. Tlax- 
iaco, to be supplied. Zachila, to be supplied. 

Vera Cruz District.— Abundio Tovar, P. E. 
Atzacan, A. M. Avila. Huatusco, Plutarco Bernal. 
Melchor Ocampo, to be supplied. Orizaba and C6r- 
dova, E. W. Adam. Tuxtepec, to be supplied. Vera 
Cruz, J. V. Cuervo. 

Since Conference Mr. J. L. Pease has become the 
Publishing Agent. Rev. Abundio Tovar, Presiding 
Elder of the Vera Cruz District, has died. 

Reports Made December, 1 1899. 

Statistics: 190 congregations, an increase of 5; 
19 ordained native preachers, an increase of 2; 44 
unordained native preachers, an increase of 10; 
2,520 members, an increase of 255; 2,631 proba- 
tioners, an increase of 644; 2,851 Sunday school 
scholars, an increase of '43. During the year there 
were 444 conversions, 154 adults and 239 children 
baptized, collections for all purposes $32,398 silver. 



a gain of about 50 per cent. The properties of both the 
General Society and the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society are estimated at $497,490 Mexican, an in- 
crease of $19,265. On these is an indebtedness of 
$2,000. 

Central. District.— John W. Butler, P. E., 
reports: "The visit of Bishop McCabe the early 
part of the year was an inspiration to all the 
workers. AVe have welcomed to our ranks Rev. 
Benj. S. Haywood, of Nebraska, and he and his 
family are valuable acquisitions to our Mission. 
Our native force has been increased by the addition 
of Rev. L. A. Chirot, an ex-priest of the Catholic 
Church, and Rev. T del Valle, who came to us from 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, South. A new 
church was dedicated at Cuijingo on August 6, and 
for the means of building we are chiefly indebted to 
Mr. Phillip Reynolds, of Brockton, Mass. The church 
at Poxtla has been repaired and on August 10 was 
rededicated. 

"Our educational institutions are a recognized 
power in the land. The girls' school at Puebla 
has the largest enrollment in its history, and its suc- 
cess has caused the subscription of a large sum for 
the establishment of a girls' Catholic high school in 
that city. The girls' school in Mexico City is prosper- 
ing. The girls' school in Guanajuato has outgrown 
its present hired quarters and its influence is as wide 
as the State. The Queretaro school records progress 
each year, its enrollment being larger than ever and 
the receipts for self-support 50 per cent greater. 
Our Mexico Methodist Institute at Puebla has had a 
successful year and grows in numbers and Influence. 
A new wing has been built with local resources and 
an electric plant installed. 

" In the English work the faithfulness of Rev. II. 

A. Bassett in Mexico City has produced gratifying 
results, and he has been a leader in a temperance 
campaign. Rev. B. S. Haywood has had signal suc- 
cess in Pachuca and vicinity, and has had a revival 
and a gracious ingathering. Thirty-five joined on 
probation in April and nearly all were received into 
full membership in October. A church building is 
soon to be erected. The Epworth League exerts a 
powerful influence among the young men of Pa- 
chuca, and the Bible class, ably conducted by 
Christopher Ludlow, is a veritable theological in- 
stitute. 

"The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society has 
enrolled 933 in the schools of the district, and 'their 
missionaries and teachers are willing and efficient 
colaborers with the pastors. The examinations and 
closing exercises of the schools in Mexico City, 
Puebla, and Guanajuato gave evidence of faithful 
work done, while the attendance of prominent 
natives evinced the widening influence of our insti- 
tutions. The Bible women in Mexico City and in 
Puebla continue faithful. A class of seven promis- 
ing young ladies graduated from the Mexico City 
school, Ave of whom are assigned to teach in our 
mission schools. 

" The medical work in Guanajuato under the de- 
voted and enthusiastic medical missionary, Dr. Levi 

B. Salmans, has been carried on by him in addition 



Mexico Methodist Episcopal Mission. 



t \ 11 



n 



1 : 






•iMv s "J-ia"'- 8 ' I 'J/ 



mil 



r/< 









5 )i^ i »3'SS r™"* 1 



tn his regular work. A new hospital was opened 
for the reception of patients October S, 1899, with 
11 beds, 4 of which are used for employees and 
7 by patients ; 18 rooms are In use, and are capa- 
ble of accommodating SO beds, which should be 
provided by friends as rapidly as possible. Miss 
Minnie Manloy, a deaconess trained nurse, la In 
charge of the Nurses' Training School which has 
been established, the Brat of Its kind in this country. 
The medical work In Bllao and Romlta, under Dr. 



fieorge B. Hyde, reports 2,629 treated Iti dispensaries, ' 
1,537 ont-of-door sick treated, 3,319 sick treated in 
private practice. The total Income for the medical 
work was #1,285.68, and the total receipts from pri- 
vate practice, #3,273.60 additional. The work has 
also shown more spiritual results than ever be- 

" The English congregation in Pachuca contributed 
#1,000, and the English congregation In Mexico City 
#1,300 for pastoral support The native congrega- 



Mexico Methodist Episcopal Mission. 



67 



tions in Mexico, Guanajuato, and Puebla have paid 
their pastors* salaries in full. 

" The Press, under Mr. J. L. Pease, has been stead- 
ily at work during the year, and a larger number of 
our regular publications than any previous year have 
been published, and in addition there have been 
published 20 tracts, each with from 4 to 28 pages, in 
editions varying from 5,000 to 30,000." 

Mountain District.— Rev. P. F. Valderrama, 
P. £., reports : " All our congregations have had a 
prosperous year, and our people, who are mostly of 
the Indian race, have received copious blessings, 
which have developed a greater interest in all that 
pertains to the Christian life. Our quarterly meet- 
ings have been well attended and conspicuous for 
their spiritual awakenings. We have received six 
invitations to occupy new fields of labor, and have 
accepted three of them, two of which belong to the 
circuit of Zochiapulco, and one to the circuit of 
Atzala. In this last, the beautiful village of Huehu- 
etlau, they offer to pay the rent of the church and 
contribute $10 monthly to help pay a schoolmaster, 
besides paying whatever may be assigned them 
toward the expenses of the church. On the district 
there have been 22 conversions, the largest number 
being on the circuit of Apizaco. At least half of the 
conversions come from the schools supported by the 
beneficent Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 
All the schools on the district have largely increased 
the number of their scholars. ' The people are poor, 
and none of our congregations are self-supporting ; 
but 1 believe the members are contributing to the 
utmost of their strength. The opportunities to pub- 
lish the Gospel have greatly increased among us." 

Hidalgo District.— Rev. V. D. Baez, P. E., re- 
ports : u The work in general has not only kept up 
to its former standard, but in some places has 
gained considerably. On the San Agustin circuit, 
at Santo Tomas, one of the brethren has loaned his 
house for the services, and worked effectually in aid- 
ing the pastor. On Tepeyahualco, one of the breth- 
ren is working earnestly to finish a new house to 
provide a good place to hold meetings. In Acelotla 
the room cannot contain those who wish to attend, 
and they are planning to build a church and a par- 
sonage ; and the pastor who preaches at the six ap- 
pointments is also in charge of a day school. On the 
Nextlalpam circuit are three appointments, and the 
pastor has 104 scholars in his school. Tulancingo 
is a difficult field, because of its fanaticism, but the 
services have been pretty well attended. In Alfa- 
jayuca the congregation is floating, but some good 
is being done. The brethren in Tlacuilotepec are 
faithful and consecrated. 

"On Real del Monte circuit are four congrega- 
tions, and in Real three whole families have recently 
been converted ; the congregations are large, and 
10 new members have been received, and the school 
has enrolled 84 scholars. In Tezontepec the congre- 
gation is not large, but is devoted, and the 2 schools 
enroll 44 scholars. In Zacacaleo 90 persons were 
received Into full membership in October, and a 
brother has presented us with a large house for the 
school and for holding the services, and this, with 



the one that was bought for the home of the worker, 
gives us sufficient facilities for active work. The 
congregation in Zacualtipan is in good condition. 
In Pachuca the chapel is full nearly every Sunday, 
and is sometimes crowded, and we hope soon to 
have a new church building. The Sunday school 
has 130 pupils, and the 3 Epworth Leagues have 
170 members, young people of both sexes. The 
members have contributed liberally toward self-sup- 
port, and will soon be able to support their pastor. 
The Methodist (Villagran) school in Pachuca has 
supported the school in Nextlalpan. The girls' school 
in Pachuca (Hijas de Allende), under the direction 
of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society, has an 
enrollment of 431 pupils, and is doing much good, 
and the new English school under Miss Hewitt is 
prospering. Seven Epworth Leagues have been 
established on the district." 

Oaxaca District.— Rev. J. M. Euroza, P. E., 
reports: "In Oaxaca there have been 3 conver- 
sions and an average attendance on the services 
of 30 persons. The day school has improved and 
has 52 scholars. The Soledad circuit has had 3 con- 
versions. The average attendance at Soledad has 
been 30. In Cuicatlan, there is a small congrega- 
tion of from 12 to 15. The Huitzo circuit has 9 con- 
gregations, and most of them are doing well. The 
little congregation of San Geronimo has bought an or- 
gan to lead the singing in their services. The village 
of Zachila is the center of thousands of Zapoteca In- 
dians, the greater part without mixture with Spanish 
or other races. Among the members of one of our 
churches we have one Zapoteca prince, descended 
in a direct line from the last Zapoteca king, and he is 
one of our most faithful members and constant at- 
tendant of the congregation. The services are well 
attended, and there have been 14 conversions during 
the year. In the day schools in Zachila and Cuilapa 
we are educating 102 boys and girls. We have 
adopted the plan of collecting enough money in the 
day schools to support them." 

Vera Cruz District.— Rev. Abundio Tovar,* 
P. E., reports : " The yellow fever has invaded 
many places and especially, Tuxtepec, Cordoba, 
and Orizaba, and has interfered with our services, 
but our pastors have remained at their posts. 
In Orizaba are good congregations, and the Sunday 
school has exhibited much interest and enthusiasm. 
In the little Indian village of Atzacan we have solid 
foundations among the members and a day school of 
35 scholars. We greatly need here a house for the 
pastor. Huatusco has lost many of its people be- 
cause of unfortunate agricultural conditions, and our 
congregation has suffered greatly. In Centla our 
work is in good condition. In Tuxtepec the Lord 
has greatly blessed us, and the two pastors have not 
been able to go to all the different places where the 
people have asked for them. A day school for boys 
and girls has been established with an attendance of 
100 pupils. If we had a comfortable church and a 
good school house in Tuxtepec, we could have 100 
members and a school of 200 pupils." 

• Died of yellow fever December 18, 1«>9. 



(68) 
SKETCHES OF DECEASED METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONARIES. 



Mrs. Mary Rankin BudiailL 

MART M. RANKIN was born in West Llbertv, 
Baltimore County, Md., March «, 1854, her 
parents being K. G. Rankin, SI. D., and Mrs. Mar- 
garet Rankin, and thirty-five years afterward, as 
Marj" Rankin Kudlslll, she entered into (lie heavenly 
rest from Madras, India. She was surrounded by 
the best of Christian influences in her childhood, and 
her intellectual training was received In part at Wll- 
liamsport Seminary and from a governess, Miss Kate 
Turner, " a woman of marked Intellectuality." 
When fifteen years of age she was converted, realiz- 
ing the presence of a personal Saviour, and rejoi- 
cing in his love, and she was ever a ready and glad 
Witness to his power lo save. 

On January 23, 1K73, she was 
married to Rev. A. W. Rudlslll, of 
the Baltimore Conference, Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, then sta- 
tioned at Harford Avenue, in 
Baltimore, and as a pastor's wife 
at Harford Avenue, North Balti- 

town, Centre Street, Cumberland, 
and Eutaw Street, Baltimore, she 
exhibited the grace and power of 
Christianity, and was ever gladly 
welcomed and deeply loved. 

In 1884 Dr. Rudislll, then Pre- 
siding Elder of the West Balti- 
more District of the Baltimore 
Conference, received the call to 
go as a missionary to India, and 
Mrs. Rudisill, constrained by the 
love of Christ, was ready to go 
with him. 

They sailed for India In November, 1884, arriving 
there December 33. Dr. Rudisill was placed in 
charge of the Madras District. South India Confer- 
ence, and the English Chun* at Madras, and then 
commenced for Mrs, Rudlslll four years and nine 
months of active, earnest, faithful, consecrated mis- 
She was deeply Interested in the welfare and salva- 
tion of the native population, and gave them not 
only her sympathy, but licr earnest efforts for both 
their temporal and spiritual welfare. 

Sho was the first superintendent and the first 
treasurer of the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety In Madras, the results of which have been 
glorious. One who carefully studied the work lias 



"Eyes that knew not 
are now studying our Christian literature ; tongues 
that only uttered senseless Invocations or impreca- 
tions to senseless gods now slug Christian hymns 
and offer Christian prayers ; faces that were stupid 
In their Ignorance are now Illumined with thought, 
and purpose, and hope ; minds that were barren and 
stolid are now awake and inquiring : lives that were 
Inane and inert are now active and earnest : hearts 



that were comfortless and hopeless have heard the 
message, ' Let not your hearts be troubled. Ye be- 
lieve In God, believe also in me,' and have received 
the Comforter , bodies racked by sickness and the 
agony of pain have felt that pain assuaged as they have 
whispered the magic name of Jesus ; the ordinance 
of baptism has been pleaded for and received by dying 
women as aconfession of faith at the cost of every 
earthly tic ; the elements of Christ's broken body 
and shed blood have been taken under the very 
shadow of the household gods, and In the midst of 
the heathen family, and the darkness of hopeless 
death has been Illumined by the light of Christian ' 
faith and hope." 

Mrs. Rudisill also gave special attention to the 
training of the young In the Sunday school and 
through the Epworth League. 
Rev. G. W. Isham wrote from 
Madras after her death, "There 
have gone out from among the 
young people that were under 
her teaching and Inspiration here, 
Tour to mission work, one has 
completed a medical course and 
consecrated her life and skill to 
the Lord's service, and still others 
HI! various places of usefulness. 
She also organized the Vepery 
Auxiliary of 35 members of the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary 8o- 

In connection with others she 
organized in Madras two day 
schools, one high and one low 
caste, and planted the germs of 
an orphanage. 
She felt that India greatly 
needed Christian literature, and by careful study 
fitted herself for the work of furnishing It and assist- 
ing her husband In his literary labors. During the 
last two years of her life she edited the Tamil edition 
of the zenana paper published by the Woman's For- 
eign Missionary Society, and her literary ability, 
artistic taste, and Christian spirit made it a power 
for good. Four days before her death she sat up In 
her sick bed and wrote her last contribution for It. 
She labored beyond her strength. Friends urged 




loved India at 
was her God-; 
short, lasting 



uid n 



Her 






she believed 

Sunday 



night, July 7, 1880, she left earth for heavrr 

She knew that she was dying. To her weeping 
husband she said, "The eternal God will be thy ref- 
uge, and underneath shall be the everlasting arms." 
She was not only able to say, " Ciod's will be done," 
but she cried triumphantly, " Praise the Lord ! " On 
Saturday evening. July t>, with her husband, pastor, 
and a few precious IKkHv-workiTS, "he partook Of 
the communion. Sunday morning dawned and she 
knew it was to be her last day on earth. During the 
day she talked of Jesus and sang his praises. Even- 



Christ's Other Sheep. 



69 



ing came. Her mind seemed wandering from earth 
to heaven, and she cried, "lam going home." 

A sister missionary who was with her described 
the scene : " At times, in the intervals of suffering, 
she would break forth into singing. Once she sang 
alone, 'There'll be no sorrow there, ' and when in 
the last moments, though unconscious, we sang this 
hymn softly for the one then nearing home, she 
caught the strain and feebly sang a few notes. Once, 
after we thought never to hear that sweet voice 
again — for she was always a sweet singer — we 
stopped to listen and heard her sing, * Praise God, 
from whom all blessings flow.' It seemed to us 
that angels must be singing doxologies in heaven ' 
over the loved one coming home, or perhaps her \ 
lips had already caught the strain from theirs, for , 
the sweetness of her voice filled us with the sense of 



awe, 



»» 



Her funeral gave some faint indications of how 
deeply she had impressed herself upon the people 
of Madras and how much she was loved. Friends 
carried the body to the church, which was crowded 
with weeping people, as ministers of different de- 
nominations paid their touching tributes. Then the 
congregation drew near and printed their last kisses 
on the lovely face. The casket was borne by the 
official members of the church to the cemetery fol- 
lowed by hundreds, and the grave was filled and cov. 
ered with flowers. 

The members of the Vepery Church, the English 
residents, and the natives asked the privilege of 
placing over the grave the memorial stone, and this 
was granted them. On it was inscribed her name, 
the date of her birth and death, and the words, u The 
Lord gave, and the Lord hath taken away. Blessed 
be the name of the Lord." 

Miss Grace Stephens wrote from Madras soon 
after the death of Mrs. Rudisill : " I wish you could 
aee her grave. It is surrounded with bright and 
beautiful plants. There is one which she herself 
raised and cared for. It is a perfect beauty, called 
4 The Prince of Wales Feathers.' The leaves are of 
rainbow tints and colors, and they fall like plumes. 
There are also palms of different kinds which she 
loved so much. I am so glad Dr. Rudisill granted 
us the honor and privilege of building a monument 
over the grave. It is to be of India stone, the plan 
of it just as the dear one would have liked. The 
ministrations of Dr. and Mrs. Rudisill were so wise, 
kind, loving, and gentle, and they not only helped 
but led us. My prayer is that we will at the last be 
found worthy of the sacrifice and loyalty of these 
two faithful servants of God." 

Mrs. Rudisill was an inspiration to the missionaries 
with whom she labored while living, and much more 
after her death. One writes: " Her death has inspired 
me with greater love and zeal for the work. It has 
become a precious charge to me now, and one that I 
shall hold most sacred, a work which she was instru- 
mental in opening here. Every time I go out, every 
heathen face I see I think of her life and death, and 
how it does Inspire me to press forward and to do 
with my might the work so dear to her." 

Another writes : " We feel that a new zeal and 



devotion are begotten among us missionaries. The 
dread of being buried in an Indian grave is dispelled 
since our sister has gone before. The very soil of 
India has become precious to us. India is becoming 
sainted to us since the ashes of our own Brother 
Eddy, and the saintly Bo wen, and Sister Ernsberger, 
and Dr. McCoy, and Sister Winter, and Sister Rudi- 
sill rest here. We feel to-night that there will be a 
peculiar glory in waking from a missionary grave 
in a foreign land on the morning of the resurrection. * 
We don't know what changes may come, nor how 
our earthly ties and responsibilities may prevent us 
from sharing in this blessed privilege ; but for me, 
I make my choice now before God and heaven and 
this people. I would rather labor on in obscurity 
to the end of my years, and be followed to my grave 
by those for whom I had given the service of my life, 
and arise at last from a grave in this needy land, 
than to enjoy all the privileges of fame, fortune, 
friends, and comfort the Western world can afford. 
We have not always been so. 8ince we came her© 
the thought of dying and being buried in this heathen 
land has sometimes filled us with dread and weak- 
ness. But God is blessing our sister's death to our 
benefit, and we are changed." Others write of the 
great blessing the life was to them and rejoice over 
its memories. 

By a resolution of the Central Conference of India 
the Methodist Episcopal Publishing House, Madras, 
stands as a memorial to her, and in all official rec- 
ords is called "The Mrs. Mary Rudisill Memorial 
Publishing House." 

All honor to the brave, consecrated, devoted mis- 
sionaries, who give themselves to the deluded wor- 
shipers of false gods in loving service, even unto 
death. 

Christ's Other Sheep. 

Christ's " other sheep ! " from Ethiop's -plains, 

From realms 'mid Arctic waters ; 
From Ind's rich clime, stript of their chains, 

He brings God's " sons and daughters ! " 
And as each wanderer homeward hies 

(Who of the search may tell the cost ?), 
" Rejoice with Me," the Shepherd cries : 

" Lo ! I have found that which was lost ! " 

'Tis your high privilege to be 

Coworkers in his toiling ; 
The " travail of his soul " to see — 

Death's ranks to aid in spoiling ; 
For him your work : for, 4i Inasmuch " 

As for his " little ones " ye live, 
His own deep heart of love ye touch, 

To him your gold, your work, ye give ! 

Let India/<rJ the love that burns 

In you through Christ ; revealing 
God's love that o'er all nations yearns, 

" His own " in each one sealing ; 
Spread wide the glorious news ! let all 

Know the Good Shepherd's patient love ! 
His ** noly Flock " he soon will call 

To the " one fold " with him above ! 

— Edwin C. Wmtfnrtl. 



3ft*. Lyilut Rayea Waugh. 



Mrs. Lydia Hayes Waugh. 

LYDIA MARIA HAYE8, youngest dmmht. 
Rev. Gordon and Mary E. Hayes, whs bo: 
Washington, Conn., November 25, ISfli. II. r father 
wasaCongrcgatiniiiih-t mta]st8r>irbo itradwted /rum 
Yule College In lac class of 1833. Her early educa- 
rad ril Lorn.' from bet fattier, and elder 
brother, and she was great]} favored by her reli- 
gions and intellect unl siirniuniliiiirs. She was a very 
bright child, iiuil when but wren years of age mas 
studying Lutln. 

Afterward "lie attended the academy at Benning- 
ton, Vt., and in lKoti entered the H ...■■ 
mule College, nl Lvanston, III,, then recently cslab 
h-iirii i,;. her iiroili'T-iii-iaiv, Professor ffn, P, 
Jones, I.M.* "i "!ii<ti ahe became Ike first graduate, 
l*:.1 in the classical course. She tbeu 
enter". I tilt 1 college n.-i ii leacli'T. 

married March 1, 13», 

10 Rev. James Waller Wangle 1 
graduitleol Allegheny*. ol lege and 
of linrrott Biblical S-m i ",iri . U 
Lvanstoii, Hliu liinl been ap- 
pointed a missionary to India, 
and Willi her husband . l r j ■ J r-evcr,il 
oilier missionaries (lie v. J. it. 
Downey and wife. Rev. E. W. 
Parker and wife. Bar. ' Ittariei W. 
Judd and wife, and EtoT. .1 H. 
Tli'iimrn :■ she sailed from New 
York for India April 14, 18BB, 
la a sailing veswl fin the Ca|io of 
Good Hope, a voyage, of over 
four moni lis, arriving in Calcutta 

August 21. isv.i. Of Um royage 
slie ivmiv: ''It was, all things 
considered, a pleasant one. It 

was certainly oohihioice in .-in a- 

linn of iiiondii i.tut greater spirit- 
uality. In those lung months. Isolated from worldly 
cares and distractions, we had time for reflection, 
which i- n asseniis] ID the soul's development." 

They remained nearly a week In Calcutta and then 
ii.ivlnl r..r eight days acrossgrcatrlversaml through 
large citie. and toffna to Lueknow, where the flret 
Mission Conference wan held under the snperin- 
tendeney of Dr. Win. Hutler, They were appointed 
to Shahjchnupur. When they remained one year: 
then Ibey were transferred to Bareilly, which was 
load some f»m tSN to 1MB ; then to Lacknaw Cor 

the nest live years. 

Among Iter inlimale friends Mrs. Waugh was known 

■I " l.ilin." lorad and cherished for her affectionate 

and sympathizing spirit, and this endeared her 

greatly in bar fellon missionaries, helping and bless- 

■ their work. 

She was a consecrated missionary. In 1858, after 

l" 1 ri'li:., -ii'' ivrt'ii " I '.- i ■ he 

Missionary spirit, and to-day am glad In my heart 
thai 1 hare before me the hright prospect of being a 
missionary to the heathen." In her India diary 

HIV entered T" l- - ■ L 1 1 - - ■ . : ■ - -. ■ - .- - .■! ■ 

her wnrk, ,-ui'li as, "0 how blessed is this renewed 



irat to 

■ 

■aCsa 




consecration to the soul ! " " Renewed cousecra 
in Sod to-day for R new year of life, and for lite." 

She had great facility in acquiring language, and 
soon mastered the Hindustani, and was liie first i< 
translate into simple, mellow Hindustani the i 
known evening prayer for children : 

" Now- 1 lay me dotra to sleep, 

I pray the Lord my life to keep ; 
If 1 should die before I wake, 
I pray the Lord my soul to take." 
The Hindustani words are fitted as well for mil- 
lions of young oriental lip.- M the English version 
for Ihose of the Western world. They ai 

Abieii.'i hii.i, mala bom to, 

Khnda bamarn Hami ho ; 
Jn vai me/i mujhe mautawo, 
Riih meri tere pas jawe. 
Mrs, Waugh taught her own little ones, as they 
bowed at her knee saw 
their far-away Santera liotne, t.i 
say this child prayer. 
older repeating it in English nd 
the two younger aftenni 

melodious iliii.liistuiii. 
In their Tory early yi . 
understood. The translating law 
the vernacular was very congen- 
ial work to Mrs. Waugh, and she 
greatly assisted her husband In 
preparing mailer for : 

Mrs. llntiser. a fellow-mission- 
ary, wrole of Mrs. Waugh's work i 
"Her first missionary work in 
Burellly was among a - 
cooly women, who were incom- 
prehensibly dull and slow to Icarit- 
She worked earnestly fur lliriii. 
never blaming them fur i heir dull- 
ness, but only weeping over her own inability to make 
any greater impression on their minds. She only 
ceased her efforts for these women when she re- 
moved from Barellly to Lueknow, I'pon the estab- 
lishment of the tlirls' Orphanage In Bareilly Mrs. 
Waueli began to teach regularly in that school. In 
litis work she was very successful and greatly he- 
Mrs. Waugh Inaugurated a work in Lueknow 
which will hare a lasting Influence on the evangeli- 
sation of India, Thisweain 1887 in the system or 

Bible readers for women and Eenana Visitation. 
One who was associated with her In mission work 
has lately written: "While in the city of Bareilly, 
1860-63, in counsel and company with Mrs. Dr. But- 
ler, she had tried to introduce work among the 
women of that city— had made a beginning and at- 
tained a little success, when she and her husband 
were transferred for work to the larger city of Luek- 
now. Very many earnest and devout women, native 
and foreign, have since then engaged in this work, 
and their labors have been crowned with "underfill 
nt'-ri'w. Nearly all those early workers too, like LflB^ 
Waugh, have been 'crowned' and are, with iheir de- 



Mrs. Lydia Hayes Waugh. 



71 



voted young leader, called to ( higher service' now 'be- 
fore the throne/ still ' serving Him night and day in 
his temple.' Joy a Dassi and Priscilla Masih, of the 
early women evangelists, were crowned long years 
ago. Only dear old Caroline Mama, saintly (and 
sainted) Phoebe Rowe's loved assistant and com- 
panion, now lingers on the shores of time, still work- 
ing and waiting till her transfer comes." 

While in Bareilly, India, Willie, her dear little boy, 
died. When he was dying she held him in her arms, 
unwilling that anyone should relieve her of the care 
in that hour, saying, afterward : " I felt that he was 
going from my arms right to the arms of Jesus, and 
I could not give him up to anyone else." 

For ten and a half years she labored faithfully and 
successfully in India, until it was deemed best that 
she and her children should return to America, that 
she might recuperate her own strength and give her 
children better school facilities. She bade farewell 
to her husband in February, 1870, who was to remain 
a year longer in India before taking a furlough, and 
started for America via the Red 8ea, with her four 
children and a servant. At Suez Miss Frances E. 
Willard, her college mate and lifelong friend, met 
her and afterward wrote: "Long we sat hand in 
hand, talking over the lessons of the years— their 
gains, but most of all their losses. She loved my 
sister Mary, and spoke sadly of her early death ; 
and then she told me that, aside from the necessity 
of bringing home her children, her chief reason for 
returning was to sec her parents, who were growing 
old, and had written of their great longing, after all 
these years, to see her face once more. But even 
while she was on her way to the port whence she 
sailed a letter came saying that her mother, who 
had lived on tranquilly in health all these years of 
her absence, had died now on the eve of her re- 
turn." 

She went to Ravenswood, 111., and found rest in 
the hospitable home of her sister, Mrs. Jones, and a 
warm welcome from many friends. In April, 1872, 
she received a letter from a young lady who wished to 
fit herself to become a missionary in India, and the 
following was her reply : 

" Mt Dear Miss M : I am very glad to know 

that you wish to study at Ravenswood, and I shall be 
most happy to give you lessons in Hindustani. I 
am sure it will be a great advantage to you to begin 
the language before going out to India, and it will 
be very pleasant for us to become acquainted with 
you here. You have our warmest sympathy in your 
preparation for a work that is very dear to our 
hearts. Life seems worth living when it can be 
devoted to a purpose so noble. There are many 
pleasant compensations in our life in India for the 
pleasures we forego in leaving a Christian country ; 
and I believe it is always best to look on the bright 
side wherever we may be. I wish I could study 
medicine with you before returning to India ; and 
this I could do were it not for the care of my little 
ones. 1 have read a great deal of medicine for my 
own instruction ; but not enough to give me confi- 
dence in practicing. 1 hope the time may soon come 
when it shall seem less a sacrifice to go to a foreign 



land, and hundreds of our young men and women 
be eager to bear their part of labor in the foreign 
field as they now do at home." 

Dr. Waugh returned to the United States in 
1871, and he and his wife expected to leave their 
children in America and sail for India in Septem- 
ber, 1872. 

In May, 1872, one of their children was taken ill, 
and the mother nursed him day and night. When 
he grew better she sickened suddenly. "In her 
delirium she would speak nothing but Hindustani ; 
her thoughts were of the far-off Orieut, the un- 
finished work, the sad-faced friends she had loved 
and labored for." She grew better, then worse 
again, and on June 14, 1872, at Ravenswood, near 
Chicago, she passed away to the Christ for whose sake 
she had labored, and to the loved ones who had gone 
before. She was buried beside her mother in Rose 
Hill, one of the most beautiful of the cemeteries of 
Chicago, and where are buried Bishop Ham line, Dr. 
Dempster, and many others whose names are historic 
in the Church. 

Rev. James Baume, who had known her in India, 
and who was pastor at Evanston at the time of her 
death, wrote of her: "Mrs. Waugh was zealously 
employed in India in the zenana work of the Mis- 
sion ; visiting the women of well-to-do Moham- 
medan and Hindu families, teaching them to read, 
and telling them about the true way and the only 
Saviour. In this work her knowledge of the lan- 
guage, her well-balanced character, her sincere and 
intelligent piety, her quiet and dignified presence, 
gave her great influence, and commanded the re- 
spect of all she could thus reach. It was her delight 
to be employed for Jesus. There was nothing spas- 
modic, demonstrative, or merely impulsive in the 
religion and life work of our sister ; but a quiet, self- 
conscious power that asserted its presence in all her 
work. There was in Mrs. Waugh a remarkable 
balance of mind and heart, judgment and conscience. 
Her life flowed on with the calmness, and yet with the 
steady persistence, that was at once evidence both 
of the clearness and the depth of the stream. 

"And thus our sister, amid growing 'domestic 
cares and the baleful influences of an exhausting 
climate, yet happily preserved beyond many of her 
sister workers, found time to devote her best powers 
to the divine work of lifting the mothers, the wives, 
and the daughters of India into the light and free- 
dom of Christian civilization, and into the purity 
and dignity of Christian womanhood." 

After her death many of her sorrowing fellow-labor- 
ers sent appreciative words. Mrs. D. W. Thomas 
wrote: " She was so brave-hearted, so true and noble 
in all her aims and ambitions ; it was inspiring to be 
associated with her." Dr. Mansell wrote, "The pride 
and princess of the India Mission has been taken 
from us." Mrs. Messmore wrote, " She will live in my 
memory as a sweet and noble presence." Mrs. J. T. 
Gracey wrote, " The past ten years of our intimacy 
is now one delightful reminiscence." Mrs. Hauser 
wrote, " No greater loss could have occurred to the 
Methodist Mission in India, by the death of any one 
of its members, than has been sustained in the death 



72 



Hev. Firiley D. Newhouse^ D.D. 



of this beloved woman, this earnest and well-qualified 
missionary." Miss Willard called her "the ideal 
missionary actualized." 

Mrs. Bishop Thomson, in August, 1872, penned 
the following beautiful lines on the death of Mrs. 
Waugh: 

The Master called her home, 

Celestial joys to greet; 
There evermore to roam 

On tireless, joyful feet, 

O'er pastures green and sweet, 

Where crystal waters meet, 

Where summer's fervid heat 
Nor wint'ry storms may come; 
The Master called her home. 

Alas! for him who sheds 

The tear of loneliness; 
For those whose bright young heads 

Were pillowed on her breast, 

In infancy's soft rest, 

By mother-love caressed 

For each whose life she blest, 
Who now in sorrow treads 
The path by grass-grown beds. 

O friends, so sore bereft 1 

O mourners o'er the seas I 
The fragrance she has left, 

Like heaven's ambrosial trees, 

Shall linger on each breeze, 

Here, and beyond the seas, 

Till heaven's full mysteries 
Tour longing souls have cleft, 
No more by death bereft. 

And ye yet in the field 
Where she had toiled so long, 

New power for Jesus wield 
, The whitening grain among; 

O may your souls grow strong 
With thinking of the song 
That thrills her rapturous tongue, 
'Mid yon immortal throng 

Where all her wounds are healed — 

Brave toilers in Christ's field. 

Alas! for those who'll weep 

And watch for her in vain, 
In homes far o'er the deep, 

Whose path she first made plain, 

To Him who once was slain, 

Eternal life to gain, 

Her voice will ne'er again, 
Like music o'er them sweep- 
Alas 1 for those who'll weep. 

No dread of parting now 
From those she held most dear; 

No weary, aching brow, 
No sad and bitter tear; 
No chilling doubt or fear, 
No wail above the bier. 
Can reach that radiant sphere; 

No heads 'neath sorrows bow 

Where she rejoiceth now. 



Eev. Finley D. Newhouse, D.D. 

DR. NEWHOUSE was a missionary in India from 
January, 1886, to March 22, 1889. He returned 
to the United States, and died December 19, 1899, 
after an illness of one week. At the time of his 
death he was Presiding Elder of the Mankato Dis- 
trict, Minnesota Conference. Rev. John Merritte 



Driver pays the following tribute to him in the Mid- 
land Christian Advocate; 

"A preacher, and the son of a preacher, his 
career, though brief, was brilliant, vicissitudinous,. 
and extraordinary. Though only in his forty-third 
year, he had served the Church in Indiana, South 
Dakota, Minnesota, South America, and British 
India ; an editor, a college professor, a pastor, and 
a presiding elder. He was made a Master of Arts by 
his alma mater, the De Pauw University, at Green- 
castle, Ind., and received his Doctorate in Divinity 
from the Dakota University. His charges in the 
Northwest were : Huron, S. Dak. ; Franklin Avenue,. 
Minneapolis ; Red Wing, Blue Earth City, and Man- 
kato District. 

44 Dr. Newhouse was wedded to Miss Ida Fox, of 
Williamsport, Ind.,. December 14, 1885, and from 
this union three children were born, Frank and Ada,, 
the one ten years of age, the other eight, both of 
whom are living, and Merle, who died in Blue Earth 
City. Omer Newhouse, M.D., a brother, and Mr. 
John Fox, father of Mrs. Newhouse, were with the 
stricken family at the last. 

44 Dr. Newhpuse, though ambitious, was fraternal ; 
though an intense Methodist Episcopalian, he dwelt 
in brotherly love with all denominations ; though an 
ardent, almost passionate, follower of Christ, held 
the unsaved in tenderest esteem, and never wearied 
of trying to woo them to the great and only Saviour ; 
though feminine in his sensibilities, suffering the 
deepest tortures from the ordinary and inevitable 
infelicities of fortune, he was singularly sweet, and 
patient, and unmurmuring in affliction ; though 
shrinking from the turbulent masses, a pale, and 
patient, and faithful-untodeath nurse and watcher, 
rather than a Mars-clad warrior, he, nevertheless, in 
every charge bound to him with cords of unworka- 
ble love many of the strongest and choicest spirits. 

44 As a student he especially reveled in bellea-ltttre*. 
He was an artist rather than a philosopher or a 
theologian ; an artificer rather than an architect ; 
a Raphael rather than a 8ir Christopher Wren ; a 
wizard at the keyboard of the great organ. He was- 
in affinity with such men as Ruskin, Mercein, 
Macaulay, the Arnolds, and other great masters of 
elegant diction. 

44 As a preacher he combined the mysticism and 
estheticism of Emerson, the lilt and felicity of Hillis, 
and the fiery impetuosity of the late Thomas M. 
Eddy, and but for an exceedingly slight and frail 
physique, and frequent and prolonged illnesses, 
which always left him extremely weak and emaciated, 
he would have reached the very highest rank as a 
preacher. As it is he has left behind him an envi- 
able record, and many to whom he has ministered 
will ever hold his memory sacred. 

44 At the funeral services Bishop Joyce delivered 
the address ; Rev. F. A. Hawks read the hymns. Rev. 
Dr. Hanscom read the Scriptures ; Rev. W. N. Jami- 
son offered prayer. 

44 He was interred at Williamsport, Ind , Friday 
afternoon, December 22, 1899, in which city his. 
afflicted wife and children will make their future 
home." 



(73) 



THE MISSIONARY PULPIT. 



The Great Ckmunisaon. 

Go ye Into all the world and preach the Gospel to 
every creature.— Mark 16. 15. 

THE regenerating power of the Gospel is as wonder- 
ful to-day as when Christ gave the great com- 
mission. Spiritual manhood is begotten to-day by 
the truth (1 Pet. 1. 23 ; James 1. 18). 

We have as much reason to glory in the cross as had 
Paul (Gal. 6. 14). 

We have no more reason to be ashamed of the Gos- 
pel than Paul had (Rom. 1. 16). 

Believing is still accessary to salvation ; preaching is 
still necessary t o believing, and regular, continual, and 
liberal offerings of money are necessary to preaching 
(Rom. 10. 14, 15). 

2. The commission is as incumbent on Christians 
now as it was upon the apostles. 

(a) The world's need of the Gospel is as imperative 
as it was at the beginning. (6) The difficulties now 
in the way of its universal proclamation are not so 
formidable as they were then. Providence has re- 
moved many of them, (c) The success of the Gospel 
is as real and gratifying to-day, where worthily pro- 
claimed, as it was in the apostolic era. This is 
abundantly shown by missionary letters and biogra- 
phies. 

3. Common sense and the Scriptures teach us that all 
Christians should share earnestly and bountifully — 
44 each according to his several ability "—in the mis- 
sion for which Christ died, and for which the church 
waa established ; namely the salvation of the whole 
world. 

See Matt. 25. 15 ; 20. 28 ; 10. 8 ; 2 Cor. 8. 1-15 ; 
Acts 20. 35. 

All should imitate and follow Christ, and have his 
spirit (Rom. 8. 9). 

His spirit was preeminently missionary (Phil. 2. 5- 
8 ; 2 Cor. 8. 9 ; John. 3. 16). 

4. They who, though not able to go, are able to 
give— who, in other words, can do better service by 
giving than by going — should make the giving a mat- 
ter of heart, of conscience, and understanding, and 
should thoroughly consecrate their substance to the 
greatest and worthiest cause ever known — that of 
bringing a lost world to Christ. 

5. If anyone be skeptical as to world-wide missions, it 
is his sacred and bounden duty to thoroughly enlighten 
himself in the premises, for which enlightenment 
there is ample opportunity, through the magnificent 
and thrilling literature of facts on the subject. An 
honest investigation will make every true Christian a 
liberal, regular, and enthusiastic supporter of mis- 
sions. 

6. "So preacher can get the essence of the commis- 
sion into his soul and get the life of the " Vine " into 
himself as a " branch " and then fail to bear rich 
clusters of missionary grapes. 

1 believe that that preacher who refuses or neglects 
to inform himself and his congregation as to their 
divine obligation to ll sound out the Gospel " of the 
grace of God throughout the world is " a cnmbenr 



of the ground," and deserves to be treated as such. 
Truly the ax is laid at the root of every fruitless tree, 
and only thorough reformation can save it from fall- 
ing. Verily '* necessity" is laid upon the whole Church 
to publish among the nations the Gospel of salva- 
tion. Happy indeed are they who, concerning this 
grave matter, can say even now, not only that " ne- 
cessity " is upon us, but also *' the love of Christ con- 
straineth us." — /. /. Spencer, in Missionary Intelli- 
gencer. 

A Lesson in Giving. 

BY BISHOP H. W. WARREN, D.D., LL.D. 

Bring ye all the tithes into the storehouse, that there 
may be meat in mine bouse, and prove me now herewith, 
saith the Lord of hosts, If I will not open you the win- 
dows of heaven, and pour you out a blessing, that there 
shall not be room enough to receive it.— Mai. 3. 10. 

IN everything, from the first breath to the last, 
man must have the cooperation of God. Even in 
things evil God gives breath and all things, as Paul 
says. The parnersbip is so clear that man can do 
nothing without God. Therefore one partner must 
not rob the other. 

It would be well if we could drop the word " giv- 
ing' 1 out of our ecclesiastical nomenclature, and 
substitute " accounting for stewardship" instead. 

Mutual help is the great law on which this uni- 
verse depends. This is applicable in all high life — 
the family, the arts, in man's great material 
achievements, and the commonwealth. Angels are 
ministering spirits, and God's whole being flows 
forth to bless others. No wonder that he loves one 
so like himself that he gives with a cheer. 

It is better to be a fountain gushing with exuber- 
ant abundance for the refreshment of thousands 
than a pool which receives the drainage of many 
slopes, and gives out nothing but malaria. If men 
will be like God, they must distribute and bless. 

Points: 1. Give God your best service, heartiest 
hours, loftiest praise, tendercst love. Do this from 
the gladness of love, not for pay. 

2. Exult in the glorious prophecy that foresaw and 
declared, in that far-off time, our service, knowl- 
edge, and love of to-day. 

3. Note the results of a true accounting, a bring- 
ing of all the tithes : (1) A testing of the Lord's 
promises till we shall feel that they can never fail. 
(2) An opening of the windows of heaven for bless- 
ings, as they were opened for the waters of the 
deluge. (3) An equal superabundance of blessings. 
So Christ says : 4 ' Good measure, pressed down, 
shaken together, running over." The supersuffl- 
cieucy for self availing for others. (4) A restraint 
of locusts, phyloxera, etc. (5) A recognition by all 
nations that the Lord of hosts makes a delightsome 
land for such people.— Sunday School Times. 



" Into all the world," said Jesus, 
44 Preach my Gospel, tell of me, 

That the world may hear the story 
Of redemption full and free." 



(74) 



MISSIONARY CONCERT. 



Program, 

Reading 8cripture : Rom. 10. 1-15. 
Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 922 : 

Assembled at thy great command, 
Before thy face, dread King, we stand. 

Prayer: For Japan: Its people, government, 
missionaries, native Christians. 
Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 914 : 

Light of the lonely pilgrim's heart, 
Star of the coming day. 

Questions on Japan. 

Questions on Protestant Missions in Japan. 
Questions on Methodist Episcopal Missions in 
Japan. 
Singing : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 917 : 

Soon may the last glad song arise, 
Through all the millions of the skies. 

Collection. 

References : The Gist of Ju/hiu, by R. B. Peery ; 
In the Land of the Sunrise, by R. N. Barrett ; Japanese 
Girls andWomen, by Alice M. Bacon ; Occult Japan, 
by Percival Lowell ; Budget of Letters from Japan, by 
A. C. Maclay ; Sunrise Kingdom of Japan,, by J. D. 
Carrothers ; The Story of Japan, by David Murray ; 
Tike Ainu of Japan, by John Batchelor ; Rambles in 
Japan, by Canon Tristam ; Prince Siddartha, the 
Japanese Buddha, by John L. Atkinson ; Fairy Tales 
from Far Jajxin, translated by Susan Ballard. 



Questions on Japan. 

What are the area and population of Japan / The area 
of Japan is 147,655 square miles, and the population 
42,708,264. In addition to this are the possessions 
ceded by China to Japan : Formosa, with an area of 
13,541 square miles, and a population of 1,996,989 ; 
the Pescadores, with an area of 49 square miles, and 
a population of 44,820. 

How long has it had a written hiUory ? Over 2,500 
years. 

How long has its present dynasty of rulers continued / 
Since 660 C. B., the present emperor, Mutsuhito, be- 
ing the 121st of his race. He was born in 1852 and 
ascended the throne in 1867. 

What great change took place in 1871 ? The abolish- 
ment of feudalism, the dispatch of the first embassy 
to foreign lands, the beginning of the first railway, 
the beginning of the post-office system, the starting 
of the first newspaper. 

How is the country governed ? Previous to 1889 the 
government was an absolute monarchy, but since 
then the emperor is aided by an Imperial Diet, the 
latter consisting of a House of Peers and a House of 
Representatives. 

What is the capital of Japan / Tokyo, 17 miles in- 
land. It had a population in 1897 of 1,299,W1. 

What is said of the children of Japan/ They are 
gentle, polite to all persons, obedient to their par- 
ents, and have much to make them happy in the love 
of their parents and their many toys and games. 



What attention is paid to education/ Elementary 
education is compulsory, and the government pro- 
vides 27,000 elementary schools, about 1,500 higher 
schools and colleges, and 8 universities. 

When was Japan opened to foreign commerce? In 
March, 1854, a treaty opening certain ports for com- 
merce was made by Commodore Perry in behalf of 
the United States, and treaties with other nations 
followed. 

What is the primitive religion of Japan/ Shin to ism. 
Shinto means u the way of the gods." It has no 
moral code, and no sacred books, and consists 
chiefly of ancestor and nature worship, and reverence 
for the imperial family. 

What religion was early brought into Japan / Bud- 
dhism, in which salvation is obtained through self- 
denial and discipline. It believes in the transmigra- 
tion of souls. Its buddhas are men who have 
reached perfect holiness after toiling through endless 
ages and countless existences. The heaven it offers 
is a loss of personal identity and practical annihila- 
tion. 

What other religions are beliet*ed in by the jxoplef 
" Confucianism," which has to do chiefly with morals 
and politics, and has been called (( a pantheistic 
medley ;" and "Tenrikyo" (Doctrine of the Heav- 
enly Reason), which originated in Japan early in the 
present century, adopting some of the teachings of 
both Shintoists and Buddhists and believes in faith 
healing. Its worship consists in prayer and in praise 
and thanksgiving by music and dancing. 

When w<ts Christianity introduced into Japan/ In 
1549, by Spanish Roman Catholic priests under the 
leadership of St. Francis Xavier; but they were ban- 
ished in 1587. 

When teas Protestantism introduced into Japan / In 
1859. Rev. John Liggins arrived in Nagasaki May 2, 
1859, and Rev. C. M. Williams the next month, having 
been appointed missionaries to Japan by the Foreign 
Mission Committee of the Protestant Episcopal 
Church of the United States. They had both been 
missionaries in China. Mr. Williams was conse- 
crated Missionary Bishop of China and Japan Octo- 
ber 3, 1866. 

What other Churches sent missionaries the same year/ 
The Presbyterian Church sent Rev. James C. Hep- 
burn and wife, who arrived October 18. The Dutch 
Reformed Church sent Rev. S. R. Brown and D. B. 
Simmons, M.D., who arrived November 1, and Rev. 
Guido F. Verbeck, who arrived November 7, and all 
three were joined by their wives from Shanghai De- 
cember 29. 

How many were baptized in the Protestant Missions be- 
tween 1859 and 1872 ? Ten persons. Yano Riu, bap- 
tized in October, 1864, by Rev. James H. Ballagb ; 
Murato Wakasa-no-Kaml and his brother Ayaba, 
baptized by Dr. Verbeck May 20, 1866 ; Shiomura of 
Hiogo, baptized by Rev. C. M. Williams in 1886 ; 
Awadzu Komli, baptized -by Mr. Ballagh in May, 
1868; Shlmidzu, a young Buddhist priest, baptized 
by Dr. Verbeck in December, 1868 ; three persons — 
Ogawa Toshiyasu, Suzuki Kojiro, and an old lady, 



Japanese Ten Commandments. 



75 



baptized by Rev. David Thompson in February, 
1809 ; Nimura, baptized by Mr. Ensor in 1869. 

When was the first Protestant Church organized in 
Japan ? On March 10, 1872, in Yokohama, by Rev. 
J. H. Baliagh. It was composed of nine young men 
baptized that day, and Ogawa and Nimura, who 
had previously been baptized. Mr. Ogawa was made 
elder and Mr. Nimura deacon. 

What progrr** has been made since that day in the 
Protestant Jftssions? In 1873 there were 125 church 
members; in 1876, 1,004; in 1882, 4,987; in 1887, 
19,825; in December, 1898, 40,981. There were also 
in Japan in December, 1898, 423 organized churches, 
203 married male missionaries, 29 unmarried male 
missionaries, 257 unmarried female missionaries— a 
total of 692 missionaries. 

What is the membersfiip of the other Christian 
Churches ? The Roman Catholic Church reports 53,427 
adherents, and the Greek Church 24,531 members. 

What is the report of the Methodist l.piseoj)al Mi&nions 
in Japan ? See pages 56-59. 



Japanese Ten Commandments. 

1. Be loyal to the Sovereign, filial to parents, and 
reverence Divine Beings. 

2. Respect the Imperial Family and love your 
country. 

3. Observe the laws of your country, and strive to 
promote the national interests. 

4. Study hard in the pursuance of knowledge, and 
be mindful of health. 

5. Devote the best efforts to your profession or 
avocation. 

6. Make a peaceful home and love your neigh- 
bors. 

7. Be faithful and benevolent. 

8. Take care not to injure others' interests. Prac- 
tice charity. 

9. Do not indulge in the pleasures of drinking and 
debauchery. Make not unjust gains. 

10. As to religion, you may believe in any you 
choose, but be careful to avoid one that is injurious 
to the interests of your country. 



Imitation Japanese. 

[To be recited by a little girl in an easily impro- 
vised costume of shawls and sashes arranged like 
the dresses seen in Japanese pictures, having her 
hair done very high, and carrying a Japanese fan 
and a paper umbrella.] 

If I'd been born across the seas, 
In a little house of clean bamboo 
Among the flowering cherry trees ; 
If I'd been fed on fish and rice, 
The queerest nuts that ever grew, 
And all the different sorts of teas ; 
If I'd been drawn in jin-riki-shas, 
And never seen the railroad cars, 
Perhaps it wouldn't seem so nice 
To be a Japanese. 

But •• Mary Jane " does sound so plain 
Compared with "Neo Ina Tan," 
And such a place as " Jones's Creek " 
(That's where I live and must remain) 
Could nbt be found in all Japan. 



Instead of "Pike's" or "Skinner's Peak," 
Of "Fuji-yama " there they speak— 
The sacred mountain by the seas. 
How elegant geographies 
Must be in Japanese. 

We have such very common things, 
Like pigs in pens and coops of hens, 
And corner stores that smell of cheese, 
While they have storks with spreading wings 
That live among the reedy fens; 
Their girls have paper parasols, 
♦ And painted fans as well as dolls; 
They wade in flowers to their knees 
And live a life of joyous ease— 
The happy Japanese. 

Yet mamma wouldn't be the same 
With beady eyes and funny name. 
And might not care so much for me, 
And— come to think— they never can 
Have any Christmas in Japan ! 
They worship curiosities. 
Great metal idols, made by man 
About the time the world began. 
So, on the whole, I'd rather be 
A little, plain American; 
An imitation, if you please, 
Not truly Japanese. 

— Clara O. Dolliver. 



What Would You Do? 

Now, if you should visit a Japanese home, 

Where there isn't a sofa or chair, 
And your hostess should say, "Take a seat, sir, I 
pray," 
Now where would you sit ? tell me where. 
And should they persuade you to stay there and 

dine, 
* Where knives, forks, and spoons are unknown, 
Do you think that you could eat with chopsticks of 
wood? 
And how might you pick up a bone? 
And then, should they take you a Japanese drive, 

In a neat little "rickshaw" of blue, 
And you found, in Japan, that your horse was a 
man, 
Now, what do you think you would do? 

— Independent. 



Fox Worship in Japan. 

ONE lovely afternoon after dinner we had kurumas^ 
and went to see the famous gardens a couple of 
miles out of Kumamoto. On our way we stopped 
to see a " Fox Temple." 

I daresay you have heard the fox is worshiped 
in Japan. People are supposed to be possessed by 
foxes, especially women. I believe it is really a 
form of hysteria. After going through a great many 
torii (arches)— at least a hundred I should think — 
each one erected by people who have been cured, we 
came to a little house where three old priests lived. 
These men were supposed to be able to produce 
cures by incantations, charms, etc., and people pos- 
sessed are brought to them. The avenue of torii 
went into a wood, and we soon came to a shrine 
where the prayers and offerings are offered. Be- 
sides the people who are possessed and their rela- 
tives, farmers also come in great numbers to beg the 
foxes not to eat their corn, and to propitiate them by 
their offerings. A priest there told us 2,000 came 
every month. 



76 



A Shinto Shrine. 



The avenue of torii went on into the wood, and 
following it we came to two fox-holes; these had 
pretty little torii erected at their mouths for the 
foxes to go through, and food and cakes were placed 
Inside for the foxes to eat. It is difficult to believe 
such things unless you see them. — Mi** Freeth, in 
Jfi&si-mary Gleaner. 



A Shinto Shrine. 

ON a sunny June morning we started from the 
hotel at Nikko, in Japan, to visit the famous 
mausoleum of Ieyasu, the first and greatest of the 
Shogun rulers who held sway in Japan from 1603 till 
the revolution of 1868. Up the beautiful grassy 
slopes of Nikko we took our way by broad, stone- 
flagged paths, amid the majestic cryptomerias for 
which this region is so famed. On all sides glitter- 
ing cascades rushed and bounded to the river below, 
itself a continuous eddying waterfall, as charming a 
sound as it was a lovely spectacle ; and when, look- 
ing back from a resting-point in our ascent, we saw 
the celebrated red lacquer bridge (sacred to the 
Mikado's use) brilliant with sunshine, spanning the 
foaming current amid the magnificent fir forest, the 
scene was one of well-nigh unsurpassable beauty. 

The temple buildings and courts which form the 
gorgeous adjuncts to the Shogun 's tomb, and which 
have been handed over to the Shintoists in the recent 
revival of their ancient cult, were the first objects of 
our pilgrimage. The entrance is by a beautiful two- 
storied gateway, disfigured, however, by the gro- 
tesque and grinning images which occupy its side 
niches. Its supporting columns are decorated with 
a curious geometrical design, which on one pillar is 
turned upside down lest the flawless perfection of 
the pillar should excite the jealousy of heaven. The 
44 evil-averting " pillar this is called. At the temple 
doorway we had to take off our boots instead of 
merely covering them with blue wrappers as usual. 
The interior of the building was richly decorated 
with gilding, panelings of exquisitely carved eagles, 
phoenixes, chrysanthemums. The ceilings were 
adorned with gold dragons on a deep blue ground. 

Incongruous seemed the transition from the con- 
templation of this solid grandeur and artistic beauty 
to the Shinto ceremony which now took place. A 
shaven priest, in a loose garb of purple barege over 
white linen, and a high black headpiece, squatted 
on the temple floor, droning away from a printed 
book with frequent prostrations, to an accompani- 
ment of gong beating. 

A strange feature in the exhibition was a middle- 
aged priestess, attired in a white tunic, embroidered 
in bright green, and a scarlet skirt, wearing on her 
head a square of stiff white muslin, such as one sees 
among Italian peasantry. At a pause in the per- 
formance she advanced with measured steps to the 
altar, and thence removed two sticks covered 
respectively with hanging paper strips and little 
bells, and swung these to and fro while she executed 
a slow pa*~*eul several times round the floor ; and 
then, as if to complete the effect of a street show, 
an attendant acolyte came forward to collect dona- 



tions, on receiving which the woman priestess pre- 
sented us each with small, round cakes, one red, 
one white, wrapped in a paper inscribed in Chinese 
characters: 44 The gods are pleased to bestow by 
imperial appointment an efficacious baptism to re- 
move spiritual evils." 

We were also offered wine poured into metal 
cups. It seemed a painful parody of the Christian 
communion ; and, indeed, the idea of parody seemed 
to attach to the whole proceeding, which we had 
some reason to think was a mere pretext for the 
obtaining of tourist gratuities, an impression con- 
firmed by a notice on our hotel wall that Shinto 
music and dances would be performed on Sunday 
nights during dinner on a low platform outside the 
dining-room window. 

It was refreshing to pass from this mummery to the 
forest-clad hillside, where we now mounted the 240 
great granite stairs leading to Ieyasu's tomb — the 
real nucleus of the sacred premises. The ancient 
mausoleum, surrounded by a low stone wall, is a 
single pagoda-shaped bronze casting. On a stone 
table in front of it are an immense stork and an in- 
cense burner, also in bronze. Far more imposing 
appeared to us this time-worn monument, in its stern 
simplicity and grandeur of natural surroundings, 
than all the gorgeous display of the temple build- 
ings below ; those desecrated by the noisy falsities 
of heathen worship — this hallowed by the silent, 
solemn reality of death. — A. J. Muirhead, in Chris- 
tian World. 



The Giant Buddha of Japan. 

BY LAFCADIO HEARS. 

YOU do not see the Dai-Butsu as you entre the 
grounds of his long-vanished temple and pro- 
ceed along a paved path across stretches of lawn ; 
great trees hide him. But very suddenly, at a turn, 
he comes into full view, and you start ! No matter 
how many photographs of the colossus you may 
have already seen, this first vision of the reality is 
an astonishment. Then you imagine that you are 
already too near, though the image is at least a hun- 
dred yards away. As for me, I retire at once thirty 
or forty yards back to get a better view. And the 
jin-riki-sha man runs after me laughing and gesticu- 
lating, thinking that I imagine the image alive and 
am afraid of it. 

But even were that shape alive, none could be 
afraid of it. The gentleness, the dreamy passion- 
lessness of those features, the immense repose of the 
whole figure, are full of beauty and charm. And the 
nearer you approach the giant Buddha the greater 
this charm becomes. You look up into the solemnly 
beautiful face, into the half-closed eyes that seem to» 
watch you through their eyelids of bronze as gentle as 
any musume, and yon feel that that image typifies all 
that is tender and calm in the soul of the East. Yet 
you feel also that only Japanese thought could have 
created it. Its beauty, its dignity, its perfect repose, 
reflect the higher life of the race that imagined it ; 
and, though doubtless inspired by some Indian 
model, as the treatment of the hair and the various 



Seeking after God in Japan. 



77 



symbolic marks reveal, the figure is Japanese, and 
the costume— the wide-sleeved, gracious, loose-flow- 
ing robe, open at the bosom— differs little from the 
ceremonial costume of the land to-day. 

So mighty and beautiful the work is that you will 
not, perhaps, have even noticed the magnificent 
lotus plants of bronze, fully fifteen feet high, planted 
before the figure on either side of the tripod, in 
which incense rods are burning. 

Through an orifice on the right side of the enor- 
mous lotus blossom on which the Buddha is seated 
you can enter into the statue. The interior contains 
a little shrine of Kwannon, and a statue of the priest 
Yuten, and a stone tablet bearing in Chinese charac- 
ters the sacred formula, "Xamu Amida Buddha." A 
ladder enables the pilgrim to ascend into the interior 
of the colossus as high as the shoulders, in which are 
two little windows commanding a wide prospect of 
the grounds, while a priest who acts as guide states 
the age of the statue to be 630 years, and asks for 
some small contribution to aid in the erection of a 
new temple to shelter it from the weather. 

For this Buddha once had a temple. A tidal wave 
following an earthquake swept wulls and roof away, 
but left the mighty Shaka unmoved, still meditating 
upon his lotus. 

Most sacred the statue is held, and this is the 
legend : In the reign of the Emperor Gensel there 
lived in the province of Yainato a Buddhist priest, 
Tokildo Shonin, who had been, by a previous birth, 
Hold Bosatsu, but who had been reborn among com- 
mon men to save their souls. Now, at that time, in 
the valley of Yamato, Shonin, walking by night, 
saw a wonderful radiance, and going toward it, found 
it came from the trunk of a great fallen tree— a 
kusinoki, or camphor tree. A delicious perfume 
came from the tree, and the shining of it was like 
the shining of the moon. And by these signs Shonin 
knew that the wood was holy, and he bethought him 
that he should have the statue of Kwannon carved 
from it. And he recited the sutra and repeated the 
Neubutsu, praying for inspiration ; and even while 
be prayed there came and stood before him an aged 
man and an aged woman ; and these said to him : 
4 * We know that your desire is to have the image of 
Kwannon-Sama carved from this tree with the help 
of heaven. Continue, therefore, to pray, and we 
shall carve the statue." 

And Shonin did as they bade him; and he saw 
them easily split the great trunk in two equal parts 
and begin to carve each of the parts into a mighty 
image. And he saw them so labor for three days, 
and on the third day the work was done. And he 
saw the two marvelous statues of Kwannon made 
perfect before him. And he said to the strangers 
who had wrought this wondrous work : " Tell me, I 
pray you, by what names are you known ? " Then 
the old man answered : "I am Kasuga Myojin." 
And the woman answered : "I am called Tcn-sho- 
ko-dal-jln ; 1 am the goddess of the sun." And as 
they spoke both became transfigured marvelously and 
ascended to heaven and vanished from the sight of 
Shonin. 

And the emperor, hearing of these happenings, 



sent his ambassador to Yaraa to make offerings and 
to have a temple built. Also the great priest Giog 
Bosatsu came and consecrated the images and dedi- 
cated the temple which, by order of the emperor, 
was built. And one of the statues he placed in the 
temple, enshrining it, and commanding it: "Stay 
thou here always to save all living creatures." But 
the other statue he cast into the sea, saying to it : 
"Go thou whithersoever it is best to save all the 
living." 

Now this statue therewith floated to Kamakura. 
And there arriving by night, it shed a great radiance 
all about it as if there were sunshine upon the sea ; 
and the fishermen of Kamakura were awakened by 
the great light, and they went out in boats and 
found the statue floating and brought it to shore. 
And the emperor ordered that a temple should be 
built for it, the temple called Shin-haseidera, on the 
mountain called Kaiko San, at Kamakura. — Herald, 



Seeking after God in Japan. 

IN her lesson one day a young Japanese came to the 
word " Creator," but did not know its meaning. 
Turning to the dictionary, she read, " Creator, one 
who creates;" but was still in the dark. She turned 
up a larger dictionary and read: "Creator, one who 
creates; a name given to God, who made all things." 
A startling thought to her, for she had never heard 
of such a God; and it filled her mind by night and 
by day. She looked at the stars and said "that God 
must have made all these stars." The sun and even 
the trees suggested the thought, God made them. 
She went to the temple and looked at the image 
of Buddha, and she said to herself, '• It was not 
you, Buddha, for I never heard you made any- 
thing." 

When she went to Tokyo an old woman in the 
same house said to her: "Tasshee, I am going to a 
meeting; come with me." 

"What meeting!" 

" A meeting to hear about God." 

" O no," said Tasshee, " I do not want any of your 
gods. I have a God of my own, if I only knew w.here 
he is." 

Tasshee, however, went to the meeting. The mis- 
sionary opened the Bible, and read, "In the be- 
ginning God created the heavens and the earth." 
Tasshee was startled. "Why," she said, "this is 
the God I am looking for," and she became so 
agitated that she could hardly keep her seat, and 
so eager was she to put the question, "Where is 
He?" 

When the meeting was over she rushed to the 
missionary and said, "Tell me, where is this God 
that made the heaven and the earth?" Her desire 
was met by proper instruction. She came to the 
next meeting and heard, " God so loved the world, 
that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever 
believeth in him should not perish, but have ever- 
lasting life." 

Here again Tasshee was startled. A God of love ! 
Her gods were gods of hate, of revenge, of anger. 
This God gave his Son. All the gods she had ever 



78 



Two Ways of Giving. 



heard of never gave anything; the people had to give 
them offerings. 

This thirsting soul received the water of life. Tas- 
shee is now a Christian teacher, dispensing the water 
of life to others, telling them of a God who spared 
not his own 8on, but gave him up for us all. — Church 
at Home and Abroad. 



Two Ways of Giving. 

** A ND so," said Uncle Bez, yesterday, to the 
J\ bright little miss who is the president of the 
band of Willing Workers, " you want me to buy two 
tickets to the social and oyster supper you are going 
to give next week ; and you are going to get a new 
carpet for the pulpit with the money you ma<te; 
and you think it is a very worthy cause, and you 
are sure that everybody is going to buy a ticket ? 

" Well, now, 1 think if the pulpit needs a new car- 
pet, we ought to buy it — some of us men — without 
making you run all about town coaxing the money 
out of our pockets with the promise of an oyster 
supper. Don't you think so ? 

" Do you remember when King Joash decided to 
rebuild the temple at Jerusalem, after the sons of 
Athaliah had broken it down and carried away the 
vessels ? If I remember right, Joash didn't call to- 
gether the young people's society and ask them to 
give a lawn fete or an oyster supper at Jerusalem. 
He didn't propose a series of ' sacred concerts.' He 
didn't say anything about having the young men 
give a minstrel show, or the young ladies a fair. 

"He didn't propose any schemes, or any patent 
plan of any kind ; he just announced that he was 
minded to repair the house of the Lord, and asked 
the people to contribute. And we are told that the 
people rejoiced, and brought their money and cast 
it into the chest that the king had placed at the tem- 
ple door. 

" Tou may remember that Joash' s first plan was to 
have the priests collect the money. But somehow or 
other that plan didn't work. The priests went out, 
but no money came back. I think the reason is that 
men and women don't like to be dunned for what 
they owe the Lord, any more than they like to be 
dunned by anybody else. You've heard that * God 
loves a cheerful giver ; ' well, men and women en- 
joy being cheerful givers. 

"O, but you say that if you give a social or an 
oyster supper or a lawn fete, you interest a good 
many outsiders and get them to buy tickets, and so 
help along the Lord's cause. 

" Now, what would you have thought of Joash if 
he had told his people to ask the heathen nations 
round about Judah to contribute to rebuilding the 
temple ? In the first place, it would have been rather 
a cheeky thing to do, looking at it from man's point of 
view ; and looking at it from God's point of view, it 
seems to me that the Almighty cannot take any great 
pleasure in a house built by worldly people, or in a 
carpet purchased with the profits of an oyster sup- 
per. 

" Why, my dear, it ought to be a pleasure to every 
Christian to give to the Lord and to the Lord's house; 



and don't you see that when you give twenty-five 
cents for a supper or an entertainment that you are 
not giving to the Lord at all? No, you're not. 
You're giving for your own pleasure, to gratify your 
own appetite, or your own love of amusement. 

" Everything in the Lord's house ought to be given 
with consecration ; but what you do is to give an 
oyster supper or an ice cream festival, and then, 
after we have all eaten our fill, turn around and give 
the leavings to the Lord, just as you do to the dog in 
the back yard. That's it. It's what's left, after you 
pay the expenses of your own good time, that goes 
to the Lord ; now, isn't it ? I don't believe the Lord 
likes that kind of giving. 

" And, then, aside from the question of the right of 
the matter, I don't think it is very good business 
policy. You remember the old story about the lark 
that had her nest in the farmer's wheat field ; as long 
as the farmer depended upon his neighbors to come 
and cut his grain she rested in perfect security ; but 
when the farmer made up his mind to go to work 
and cut his grain himself she knew that the time for 
moving had come — the work would be done then, 
sure. 

"So I think, instead of depending on outsiders 
to buy tickets and come to festivals and have a good 
time, and leave a few left-over for us to offer to the 
Lord, it would be a pretty good plan for some of ns 
to pitch inand do the Lord's work ourselves. That's 
what the Lord expects of us, I am sure. 

" * But what would become of your Willing Work- 
ers ? ' Ah, it seems to me that there is plenty of 
work to be done besides * working the public' Col- 
lecting money for the Lord is only a small part of his 
work. There are God's poor to be comforted ; there 
are thousands of children to be looked after and 
shown the way to God's house ; there are the hungry 
to feed, the naked to clothe, the sorrowful to com- 
fort. O, there is plenty of work to do, and some of it 
is of much more importance than giving oyster sup- 
pers. 

" 4 But it isn't easy to get people to give outright 
and of their own free will? ' Maybe not ; but don't 
you think that maybe because we have been hiring 
them to give for so long a time we have spoiled them? 
You know if a child is hired to be good, it soon 
learns to be naughty just for spite, if you don't get 
it something for being good. I am afraid that we 
have been bribing people with oyster suppers too 
long. But I don't know a better time than right now 
to stop, and let the people cast their gifts into the 
Lord's chest and rejoice in the giving. Do you?** 

r . Murray, in Rani's Horn. 



The Kingdom of Heaven. 

Kingdom of Light ! whose morning star 

To Bethlehem's manger led the way, 
Not yet upon our longing eyes 

Shines the full splendor of the day. 
Yet still across the centuries falls, 

Solemn and sweet, our Lord's command ; 
And still with steadfast faith we cry, 

u Lo, the glad kingdom is at hand ! " 



(79) 



MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 



History. 

1 * rpHE Missionary and Bible Society of 
J- the Methodist Episcopal Church in 
America 91 was organized in New York city 
April 5, 1819. In 1820 "and Bible " and 
" in America " were omitted from the title 
by the General Conference. 

The Constitution of the Society as adopted 
by the General Conference of 1820 was as 
follows : 

Article 1. — This association shall be denominated 
"The Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church," the object of which is to enable the 
several Annual Conferences more effectually to 
extend their missionary labors throughout the 
United States and elsewhere. 

Article 2.— The business of this Society shall be 
conducted by a President, thirteen Vice Presidents, 
Clerk, Recording and Corresponding Secretary, 
Treasurer, and thirty-two Managers, all of whom 
shall \>e members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. The President, first two Vice Presidents, 
Clerk, Secretaries, Treasurer, and the thirty-two 
Managers shall be elected by the Society annually ; 
and each Annual Conference shall have the privi- 
lege of appointing one Vice President from its own 
body. 

Article 3. — Thirteen members at all the meet- 
ings of the Board of Managers and twenty-five at 
all the meetings of the Society shall constitute a 
quorum. 

Article 4.— The Board shall have authority to 
make by-laws for regulating its own proceedings, 
All up vacancies that may occur during the year, 
and shall present a statement of its transactions 
and funds to the Society at its annual meeting ; and 
also lay before the General Conference a report of its 
transactions for the four preceding years, and the 
state of its funds. 

Article 5. — Ordained ministers of the Methodist 
Episcopal Churc^, whether traveling or local, being 
members of the 8ociety shall be ex-officio members 
of the Board of Managers, and be entitled to vote in 
all meetings of the Board. 

# Article 0.— The Board of Managers shall have 
authority, whenever they may deem it expedient 
and requisite, to procure Bibles and Testaments for 
distribution, on such terms as they may judge most 
advisable, provided they shall not at any time apply 
to this object more than one third of the amount of 
the funds received for the current year. 

Article 7. — Each subscriber paying two dollars 
annually shall be a member; and the payment of 
, twenty dollars at one time shall constitute a mem- 
ber for life. 

Article 8.— Auxiliary Societies, embracing the 
same objects with this, shall, if they request it, be 
supplied with Bibles and Testaments at cost ; pro- 
Tided the same shall not amount to more than one 
third the moneys received from such Auxiliary So- 



cieties, and that after supplying their own districts 
with Bibles and Testaments, they shall agree to 
place their surplus funds at the disposal of this 
Society. 

Article 9. — The annual meeting of the Society shall 
be held on the third Monday in April. 

Article 10.— The President, Vice Presidents, Clerk, 
Secretaries, and Treasurer for the time being, shall 
be ex-officio members of the Board of Managers. 

Article 11. — At all meetings of the Society, and of 
the Board, the President, or in his absence the Vice 
President first on the list then present, and in the 
absence of all the Vice Presidents, such member as 
shall be appointed by the meeting for that purpose, 
shall preside. 

Article 12.— The minutes of each meeting shall be 
signed by the Chairman. 

Article 13.— The Treasurer of this Society, under 
the direction of the Board of Managers, shall give 
information to the Superintendents annually, or 
oftener if the Managers judge it expedient, of the 
state of the funds, and of the amount for which 
drafts may be made thereon, for the missionary 
purposes contemplated by this Constitution ; agree- 
ably to which information the Superintendent shall 
have authority to draw on the Treasurer for the 
same, and to pay over the amount to the missionary 
or missionaries appointed by them, either wholly at 
once, or by installments, at the discretion of the 
Superintendents; provided the drafts of all the 
Superintendents together shall not amount to more 
than the sum thus authorized to be drawn for, and 
that the appropriation for the support of any mission- 
ary or missionaries, shall always be regulated by the 
rules which now are or hereafter may be established 
for the support of other itinerant ministers and 
preachers of the Methodist Episcopal Church ; and 
provided, also, that the appropriations and payments 
which may be made by the Superintendents under 
this article shall be communicated as soon as prac- 
ticable thereafter to the Board of Managers for in- 
sertion in their annual report. 

Article 14.— This Constitution shall not be altered 
but by the General Conference, on the recommenda- 
tion of the Board of Managers. 

In 1853 the Constitution was amended so 
as to provide that the Board of Managers 
should consist of not over thirty-two clerical 
and not less than thirty- two lay members, to 
be elected annually. 

In 1876 the General Conference for the first 
time elected the Board of Managers, and 
this has been the rule ever since. The Man- 
agers consist of the bishops ex officio, 32 
preachers, and 32 laymen. The Correspond- 
ing Secretaries are elected by the General 
Conference, but have no vote in the Board. 
The Managers meet regularly once a month 
and serve without pay. 

The General Missionary Committee meets 



80 



Board of Managers during 1899. 



onoe a year to make appropriations for all 
the missions for the ensuing year. From 
1844 until 1872 the bishops appointed several 
men, called the " General Missionary Com- 
mittee," who met with a committee of the 
Board of Managers and made the appropri- 
ations. Since 1872 the General Missionary 
Committee has consisted of the representa- 
tives of General Conference districts elected 
by the General Conference, an equal number 
of representatives elected by the Board of 
Managers, the bishops, secretaries, and 
treasurers. 

The General Missionary Committee now 
consists of 14 representatives of the districts, 
14 representatives of the Board, 17 bishops, 
3 missionary bishops, 3 corresponding sec- 
retaries, 1 recording secretary, 2 treasurers. 
Total, 54. 



Board of Managers during 1899. 

REV. JAMES O. WILSON, D.D., was 
elected a member of the Board January 
17. Mr. O. H. P. Archer, a member of the 
Board for thirty- three years, died May 8. 
Rev. Charles H. Payne, D.D., a member 
of the Board for seven years, died May 5. 
Mr. Richard P. Kelly and Rev. George P. 
Eckman, Ph.D., were elected members of 
the Board May 16. Bishop J. P. New- 
man, one of the Vice Presidents of the 
Missionary Society, died July 5. Rev. D. 
R. Lowrie, D.D., a member of the Board 
for twelve years, died August 17. Mr. 
Henry W. Knight, a member of the Board, 
resigned September 19. Mr. John D. Slay- 
back, a member of the Board, resigned 
October 17. Rev. J. B. Faulks, Mr. Willis 
MacDonald, and Mr. William J. Stitt were 
elected members of the Board October 17. 

The Proceedings of the Board will be found ! 
In the monthly issues of this magazine for 
1899. In addition to the usual business the 
following important action was taken : 

On January 17 the Board adopted a memo- 
rial to Congress urging that hereafter the 
government make no appropriation for edu- 
cation in any sectarian school ; that the free 
common school system be organized among 
the Indians ; that Brigham H. Roberts, of 
Utah, be not admitted as a member of Con- 
gress from Utah. 

On March 21 Secretary Leonard presented 
and read the report of the visit made by 
Bishop Ninde and himself to Cuba and 
Puerto Rico. The portion referring to Cuba 



was referred to the General Missionary 
Committee; the portion relating to Puerto 
Rico was referred to a special committee. 
Bishop Thoburn's plan for obtaining rein- 
forcements was approved, which provides for 
twelve single young men, two for each of the 
Southern Asia Conferences, to serve for four 
years as a period of testing, pledging them- 
selves to remain single during that time, 
each to receive not over $300, to be paid on 
the field, with the understanding that if ac- 
cepted at the close of the time, they will then 
be recognized as regular missionaries. 

On April 18 the Board recommended the 
opening of missions in San Juan and Ponce, 
Puerto Rico, at as early a day as practicable, 
and an appeal be made for special contribu- 
tions for Puerto Rico. 

On June 20 the Board authorized an ap- 
peal for a share in the Twentieth Century 
Fund for educational and hospital work 
in our foreign mission fields of at least 
$2,000,000. 



Officers of the Society and Board. 

President. 
BISHOP 8TEPHEN M. MERKLLL. 
Vice Presidents. 
Bishop E. G. Andrews, Bishop C. H. Fowleb, . 



II. W. Warren, 
C. D. Foss, 

J. F. Ht'RST, 

W. X. Ninde, 
J. N. Walden, 
W. F. Mallalieu, 



(< 



u 



tt 



tt 



ti 



(< 



J. H. Vincent, 
J. N. FitzGebaxd, 
I. W. Joyce, 
D. A. Goodsell, 
C. C. McCabe, 
Eakl Cranston. 



Enoch L. Fancher, George G. Reynolds, 
James II. Taft, John 8. McLean, 

George J. Ferry, James F. Rusling, 
John French, James M. Buckley, 

James M. King, Aaron E. Sanford. 

Elected. Corresponding Secretaries. 

1888. Adna B. Leonard, 1 „^_ M - A . . 

1896. Abraham J. Palmer, |. 150 Fifth Ayenne, New 

1896. William T. Smith, j York city - 

Recording Secretary. 

1888. Stephen L. Baldwin, 150 Fifth Avenue, New 

York city. 

Treasurer. 

1896. Homer Eaton, 150 Fifth Avenue, New York 

city. 

Assistant Treasurer. 

1896. Lewis Cirts, 230 West Fourth Street, Cincin- 
nati, O. 

Board of Managers, January 1900. 

Bishops. 

Elected. Managers er officio. 

1872. Thomas Bowman, 66 North Walnut Street, East 
Orange, N. J, 



Board of Managers, January \ 1900. 



81 



Elected. 

1872. Randolph 8. Foster, 42 Elm Hill Avenue, Rox- 

bury, Mass. 

1872. Stephen M. Merrill, 57 Washington Street, Chi- 
cago, 111. 

1872. Edward G. Andrews, 150 Fifth Avenue, New 
York city. 

1880. Henry W. Warren, University Park, Colo. 

1880. Cyrus D. Foss, 2043 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. ; 

1880. John F. Hurst, 1207 Connecticut Avenue, » 
Washington, D. C: ■ 

1884. William X. Ninde, 50 Ledyard Street, Detroit, 
Mich. 

1884. John M. Walden, 220 West Fourth Street, Cin- 
cinnati, O. 

1884. Wfflard F. Malialieu, 42 Grove Street, Auburn- 
dale, Mass. 

1884. Charles H. Fowler, 455 Franklin Street, Buf- 
falo, N. Y. 

1888. John H. Vincent, Topeka, Kan. 

1888. James N. FitzGerald, 1505 Locust Street, St. 
Louis, Mo. 

1888. Isaac W. Joyce, 1115 Nicollet Avenue, Minne- 
apolis, Minn. 

1888. Daniel A. Goodsell, Chattanooga, Tenn. 

1806. Charles C. McCabe, Fort Worth, Tex. 

1806. Earl Cranston, Portland, Ore. 

Ministers. 
1870. Aaron K. Sanford, 68 Park St., New York city. 
1876. James M. Buckley, 150 Fifth Avenue, New 

York city. 
1880. Jacob B. Graw, Millville, N. J. 
1880. James M. King, 1020 Arch 8t., Philadelphia, Pa. 
1880. Henry A. Buttz, Drew Seminary, Madison, N. J. 
1882. Samuel F. Upham, Drew Seminary, Madison, 

N.J. 
1888. Thomas H. Burch, 100 West 190th Street, New 

York city. 
1884. Andrew Longacre, 31 East 60th 8treet, New 

York city. 
1884. John F. Goucher, 2300 St. Paul Street, Balti- 
more, Md. 
1884. James R. Day, Syracuse University, Syracuse, 

N. Y. 
1884. Charles 8. Harrower, 245 West 104th Street, 

New York city. 

1887. Henry A. Monroe, 1310 Parrish Street, Phila- 

delphia, Pa. 

1888. Benjamin M. Adams, Bethel, Conn. 

1800. Homer Eaton, 150 Fifth Ave, New York city. 
1802. George Abele, 1717 Bank St., Baltimore, Md. 
1802. Charles R. Barnes, Washington, N. J. 
1802. 8amuel P. Hammond, 13 Washington Street, 

Newark, N. J. 
1802. Stephen O. Benton, Fall River, Mass. 

1805. Ezra S. Tipple, 1081 Madison Avenue, New 

York city. 

1806. Herbert Welch, Middletown, Conn. 

1806. Samuel W. Thomas, 1513 Centennial Avenue, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 
1806. Samuel W. Gehrett, 3418 North 10th Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

1806. George P. Mains, 150 Fifth Ave., New York city. 

1807. F. Mason North, 150 Fifth Ave., New York city. 

3 



Elected 
808. Alexander H. Tuttle, 1113 Broad Street, 

Newark, N. J. 

808. William V. Kelley, 150 Fifth Avenue, New 
York city. 

808. Jesse L. Hurlbut, 150 Fifth Avenue, New 
York city. 

808 William F. Anderson, Sing Sing, N. \. 

808. Charles S. Wing, 20 Seventh Avenue, Brook- 
lyn, N. Y. 

800. James O. Wilson, 120 West 76th Street, New 
York city. 

800. George P. Eckman, 550 West End Avenue, New 
York city. 

800. James B. Fanlks, Madison, N. J. 

Laymen. 
840. Enoch L. Fancher, 141 Madison Avenue, New 

York city. 
852. James H. Taft, 480 Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
858. John S. McLean, 402 Hudson Street, New 

York city. 
860. John French, 460 Clinton Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 
866. George J. Ferry, 21 West Fourth Street, New 

York city. 

860. George G. Reynolds, 16 Court St.,Brooklyn,N.Y. 
876. Lemuel Skidmore, 44 Pine St., New York city. 
880. Anderson Fowler, 60 East 68th Street, New 

York city. 
880. Ezra B. Tuttle, 40 Broadway, Brooklyn, N. Y. 
880. Charles Scott, 1520 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa. 
880. Alden Speare, Newton Center, Mass. 

883. Peter A.Welch, 122 West 123d St.,New York city. 

884. Wm. H. Falconer, 100 Fourth Avenue, New 

York city. 

887. William Hoyt, 772 Madison Avenue, New 

York city. 

888. J. Milton Cornell, 20 East 37th Street, New 
York city 

888. Richard Grant, 23 Arlington Avenue, East 

Orange, N. J. 
888. Alex. H. DeHaven, 40 Wall St., New York city. 
880. Chester C. Corbin, Webster, Mass. 

800. Edward L. Dobbins, 752 Broad St.,Newark, N.J. 

801. James F. Rusling, 224 East State Street, Tren- 
ton, N. J. 

802. John E. Andrus, Yonkers, N. Y. 
802. Henry K. Carroll, 05 Westervelt Avenue, Plain- 

fleld, N. J. 
804. John S. Huyler, 64 Irving Place, New York 

city. 
804. John Beattie, 245 West 46th St., New York city. 
806. Richard W. P. Goff, 230 South Second Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

806. Archer Brown, 80 Munn Ave. ,East Orange, N. J. 

807. Summerfield Baldwin, 1006 North Charles 
Street, Baltimore, Md. 

808. George C. Batcheller, 237 West 72d Street, 
New York city. 

808. John R. Curran,400 Ellison St., Paterson, N.J. 
800. Richard 1}. Kelly, 237 Broadway, New York city. 
800. Willis MacDonald, 130a South Oxford Street, 

Brooklyn, N. Y. 
1800. Wm. J. Slitt, 746 Broadway, New York city. 



82 Appropriations Made hy General Missionary Committee for 1900. 
APPROPEIATIONS MADE B7 GENERAL MISSIONARY COMMITTEE FOR 1900. 



I.— FOREIGN MISSIONS. 
DIVISION 1.— Europe, South America, Mexico, and Africa. 

1. Germany: (1.) North Germany: For the work, of which 

$200 is for new work in Austria... $14,198 

For interest on Berlin debt 600 

For debts — grant in aid 900 

$15,693 

(2.) South Germany : For the work 19,782 

For debts— grant in aid 498 

$20,225 

(3. ) For Marti n Mission I nst itute 1 ,000 

$86,918 

2. Switzerland : For the work $6,600 

For church debts — grant in aid 790 

7,890 

3. Norway : For the work $11,987 

For school at Christiunia, at disposal of the Board 500 

12,487 

4. Sweden: For the work $15,156 

For school at Upsala. 1,280 

16,486 

5. Denmark: Forthework $6,600 

For debt on Copenhagen church, at disposal of the Board. . . 890 

7,490 

6. Finland and St. Petersburg : For the work 5,200 

7. Bulgaria : For the work, to be administered by the bishop in charge. 8,868 

8. Italy : For all purposes 41,122 

To be redistributed by the Finance Committee, with the ap- 
proval of the Board. 

9. South America: (1.) South America Conference : For the 

work, to be redistributed by the Finance Committee, with 

the approval of the Board $46,884 

(2.) Western South America Mission Conference : 
(a.) Chili, to be disbursed by the Finance Com- 
mittee, with the concurrence of the bishop 
presiding, and the approval of the Board. . . . 20,000 

(A.) Peru : For the work 9,958 

With the same condition as Chili. — — 76,887 

10* Mexico : For all purposes, to be redistributed by the Board of 

Mauagers 49,742 

11. Africa: (1.) Liberia Conference: To be administered by 

Bishop Hartzell, with the approval of the 

Board $9,855 

(2.) Congo Mission Conference: To bo adminis- 
tered by Bishop Hartzell, with the approval of 
the Board 15,013 

24,868 

DIVISION 2.— Eastern Asia. 

1. China : (1.) Foochow : For the work as it is $21,589 

(2.) Hinohua 6,868 

3.) Central China : For the work as it is 85,106 

4.) North China: (from which $1,000 due An- 
nuity Fund for interest is to be taken) 42,269 

(5.) West China : For the work as it is 18,544 

119,876 

The redistribution to be made by the Board of Managers. 

2. Japan : (1.) Japan Conference: For the work, of which not 

more than $6,000 shall be for native evangelistic 
work, to be distributed by the presiding elders, 
with approval of the bishop in charge^the re- 
maining sum to be distributed by the Finance 
Committee, with the concurrence of the bishop 

in charge $87,248 

(2.) South Japan Mission Conference: Of which 
not more than $2,500 shall be for native evan- 
gelistic work, all conditions the same as in the 
Japan Conference 12,491 

49,789 

3. Korea : For the work, to be redistributed by the Finance Committee 

of the Mission, subject to the approval of the Board and the 

bishop in charge \ 16,911 



8 



Appropriations Made by General Missionary Committee for 1900. 

DIVISION 3.— Southern Asia. 

!• India : (1.) North India : For the work $57,156 

(2. ) Northwest India : For the work 26, H12 

(8.) South India : for the work 20,694 

(4.1 Bombay: For the work 23,164 

(5.) Bengal- Burma : For the work <, 16,615 

$144,241 

To be redistributed by the Finance Committees of the Conferences 
and Bishop Thoburn. 

2. Malaysia : For the work 10,500 

For the Philippine Islands 2,000 

To be redistributed by the Finance Committee and Bishop Thoburn. 

Total for Foreign Missions $629,625 



83 



II.-MISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATE3. 



DIVISION 1. 

Class No. 1. 

Conferences North of the Potomac and 
Ohio, and East of the Mississippi 
River : 



Detroit 

East Maine 

Maine 

Michigan. 

New Hampshire 

Northern New York (at dis- 
posal of presiding: bishop). 

Bock River (for Deaf-mute 
Mission, $400 of which is 
available at onoe) 

Troy 

Vermont 

West Wisconsin 

Wilmington 

Wisconsin 



$4,804 
1,725 
1,282 
8,550 
1,400 

1,050 



600 
1,200 
1,400 
4,000 

800 
3,500 



Total $24,761 

Class No. 2. 

Conferences in Iowa and Kansas, 
and States North of them, includ- 
ing Black Hills and Oklahoma Con- 
ferences: 

Black Hills $4,258 

Dakota (of which $200 is 

available at once) 8,870 

Des Moines (of which $100 
shall be for Valley Junc- 
tion, available at once) .... 1,210 

Kansas 1,182 

Minnesota 8,400 

Nebraska 2,118 

North Dakota 8,600 

North Nebraska 4,927 

Northern Minnesota (of which 
$500 is for Duluth District, 
available at once, at dis- 
posal of resident bishop). . 5,500 

Northwest Iowa. 8,450 

Northwest Kansas (of which 
$150 Is available at once 

for Oberlln Charge) 6,750 

Northwest Nebraska 8,450 

Oklahoma. 14,388 

Sooth Kansas. 1,879 

Southwest Kansas. 5,715 

West Nebraska (of which $80 
shall be available at once). 6,500 

Total $81,697 

Class No. 3* 

Wobk in tbb Mountain Region : 

Arizona (of which $200 is for 
Phoenix church,a vail able at 
once, at disposal ot presid- 
ing bishop) $6,200 



Arizona, for Jerome (avail- 
able Jan. 1, 1900) $500 

Colorado (of which $400 is 
for mission work in Den- 
ver, at disposal of resident 

bishop) 8,868 

Idaho 4,500 

Montana 6,000 

Nevada 4,000 

New Mexico English(of which 
$200 is available at once for 

new work) 5,400 

North Montana 4,928 

Utah (of which $500 is avail- 
able nt once, at disposal of 

presiding bishop) 10,000 

Utah (for schools, $500 of 
which is available at once, 
at disposal of the Board). . 2,000 
Wyoming 5,714 

Total $58,110 

Class No. 4. 

Pacific Coast: 

Alaska ($700 available at 
once — all at disposal of the 
Board) $4,000 

California (of which $800 is 
available at once for Oak- 
land District, at disposal of 
presiding bishop) 5,500 

California (for English work 
in Honolulu) 800 

California (for Finnish work 
in San Francisco) 500 

Columbia River. 6,800 

Columbia River (at disposal 
of the Board for Nez Perces 
Reservation ) 500 

Oregon (of which $400 is at 
once available for Clark 
Church , Portland) 4,486 

Puget Sound 5,912 

Southern California (of which 
$200 is available at once for 
The Needles) 4,928 

Total $88,376 

DIVISION 2. 
Class No. 5. 

White Work in the South, Mary* 
land and delaware excepted i 

Alabama $2,800 

Arkansas 4,800 

Atlantic Mission (of which 
$250 is available at once 
at disposal of presiding 

bishop) 1,500 

Austin (of which $500 is at 
disposal of presiding bishop 
for church at Fort Worth). 8,650 



84 Appropriation* Made by General 



Missionary Committee for 1900. 

NOKWIOIAH AND DaHISH ! 

Maine (800 

New England (at disposal of 

New York bat......!'....'.. 1,626 

Norwegian and Dan iah 8,700 

L'tali (available at once) 2,IXX> 

Western NorwOjtian-Daniah . T,00l> 

$19,826 
California Gorman $3,840 

"Jvhlliil (llTIUBII -of wll'iell 

tZDH H for Cleveland. O , 

uvaiJ.I,!,. .it onoei 4.700 

('IjU-iil!« Ci-.-inci 8.900 

Ens! livrriiuti... 5,600 

North I'.iciBc (tenner 4,688 

Northern iii-miau -. 8/100 

Saint Luuis Ct-rnwii 8,875 

S.,i,!li,rri(i.r, .an 8.*50 

West German 6.000 

Toul jiTwi 

Gulf Mission (at disposal of 

presiding bisbopi (80if 

New Ernili.n.l (at disposal of 
resident bishop) 1,500 

New Hampshire (at diapoaal 
of resident bishop) 1,250 

Ruck River 1,800 

Total (4,650 

SrAJfUfl : 

New Mexico Spanish |ll,50O 

New Muxim Spanish (for 
schools) 8,000 

Porto Rico in addition to 
(3,481 already in the treas- 
ury by epecial gift*) 8,S19 

St. John's River (lor work at 
Key West, at disposal ot 
bisk.: hi charge-! 750 

Si.iithe.ii i^iilif-riiiB (avail- 

preaiiiirii; bi'-ii-pi 600 

Total (17,869 

California (7,500 

New York 1,000 

Oregon (at disposal of pro- 
siding bishop) 1,18* 

Soulhern California (at dis- 
posal of presiding bishop). 1,000 

Total tio,esa 

California (7,000 

For Japanese work in Hon- 
olulu (at diapoaal of pre- 
siding bishop) 2,000 

Total (9,000 

Bohemias AJtD Himiabian: 

Baltimore (1,000 

East Ohio 2,500 

Pirt.-I.nr* 1,800 

Rock River M disposal of 
miilent bishop, calendar 

j oar SCO) 8,600 

Dpi * r Iowa {avails I. hi for 

administered Uv resident 

bishop at Chicago) 600 

Total (B..10O 



Central f < . Hess** 

Georgia (of which $800 ahall 

be for Dew work). 

Gulf Mission ..... 

Jl i !■:■ in 

Kentucky 

Missouri 

Saint John'- River 

Saint Louis . . ... 

Virginia (of which (KM is for 

now workl. 

West Virginia 



.... 4.4S5 

Total (48,876 

CUaa No. 6. 

CoLOBID WilBC, If >*TI . 1M THK S: T.I I 

Atlanta (1,800 

Central Alabama 8,464 

Caotnil Missouri.. . 



Ea>' Tennessee 

Florida 

Lexington ■■•' which (100 
shall be for work In Chi. 
g", and (»00 for work 



. .500 
I.P71 



in K... 



L ■ 



LiltV K.«k . 

Louisiana . ... 

North Carolina . . 

SavannaJi 

South Carolina... 
Tennessee. 



Upper Mississippi 

Wii.h ■!.«■.■> ■■■H' s-r.f »!■■. ... 

for Central Church. Wash- 
ington) 

We»tT»xas(r.f which (SOO i. 
for inundated districts, at 
diapoaal of presiding bishop 



Total 

DIViSlOU 3. 

Kox-Eaou«HFEA*T 
ClBM No. 7. 

WlUB! 

Niirtijcru New York 

Philadelphia, 

Hock River (avails!. 1= In 

January 1, 1W0) 

Wisconsin (of which (58 

available at once j 

Wyoming 



Total (1,709 

All appropriations lor Welsh 
work at ...-.-..: of tho 
pn-;iJirg I.. »hopn. 

Austin (1 ,821 

California. 2,000 

Central Swedish 4,800 

Colorado 858 

East Mu.m.. ..... 800 

New England 4,750 

NewRnglundSoutl.ini .... 1,610 

New York 1,000 

New York East 8,700 

Northern Swed-b lot which 

MOOiaaaailr-Mcal onre|.. 8,000 

Pugf. >ound 1,600 

Western Swedish 5,000 

Wilmington *50 

T-tal., (8i!,S«a 



Appropriations Made by General Missionary Co?nmittee for 1900. 85 



Italian: 

Cincinnati (available January 
1, at disposal of resident 
biflhop) $400 

Genesee (at disposal of resi- 
dent bishop) 600 

Louisiana (at disposal of resi- 
dent bishop) 1,850 

New England (at disposal of 
resident bishop) 1,676 

New York 4,000 

Philadelphia (at disposal of 
resident bishop) 2,956 

Sock River (at disposal of 
resident bishop) 1,100 

Total $12,082 

Portuguese : 

New England $800 

New England Southern.... 800 

Total $1,100 

Finnish: 

Northern Minnesota $500 

Foreign Populations : 

Central Pennsylvania 200 

Total for Class 7 $161,230 

Class No. 8. 

American Indians: 

California (at disposal of pre- 
siding bishop) $690 

Cent'l New York : Onondaga* 500 

Oneidas 200 

Columbia River 1,100 

Detroit (at disposal of presid- 
ing bishop) 450 

Genesee: Tonawanda (at dis- 
posal of presiding bishop). 200 
Cattaraugus (at disposal of 

presiding bishop) 200 

Kansas 200 

Michigan Cat disposal of pre- 
siding bishop) 500 

North Montana (for Piegan 
Indian Mission for the cal- 
endar year 1900, to be ad- 
ministered by the Board). . 1,000 
Northern Minnesota (of which 
$400 shall be available at 

once) 800 

Northern New York 506 

Oregon 650 

Puget Sound 840 

Wisconsin 850 



Total $7,686 

Class No. 9. 

8pecial Appropriations for Cities : 

Baltimore(for Deaf-Mute Mis- 
sion) $400 

California (for San Francisco) 500 
Cincinnati (for Cincinnati, 
Italian, and other work) . . 476 



Colorado (for Denver) 

Des Moines (for Valley Junc- 
tion) 

Detroit (for Detroit) 

East Ohio (for Cleveland). . . 

Genesee (for Italian work, 
Buffalo) 

Minnesota (for St. Paul) 

New England (for Chinese 
work, Boston) 

New England (for Norwegian 
and Danish work, Worces- 
ter) 

New England Southern (Ital- 
ian work, Providence) . . . 

New York (for Chinese and 
Hebrew work, New York). 

Newark (for Jersey City and 



Newark) . . 

Mil 



Northern Minnesota (for Min- 
neapolis) 

Philadelphia (for Hebrew 
work in Philadelphia) 

Pittsburgh (for Pittsburg 

Rock River (of which for 
Deaf-Mutes $400, Italian 
work $400, in Chicago) 

St. Louis (for St. Louis) 

St. Louis (for Kansas City). . 

Wisconsin (for Bohemian 
work in Milwaukee) 



$400 

400 
400 
500 

800 
850 

600 



250 

450 

1,600 

650 

850 

800 
500 



1,100 
500 
250 

400 



Total $11,176 

III. -MISCELLANEOUS. 

1. Contingent Fund $42,000 

2. Incidental Expenses 25,000 

3. Salaries of Officers, Missionary 

Bishops, etc 80,000 

4. Office Expenses 10,000 

5. For Disseminating Missionary 

Information 15,00t) 

Total $122,000 

IV.— RECAPITULATION. 

I. Foreign Missions $629,625 

II. Domestic Missions : 

Welsh $1,709 

Swedish 82,268 

Norweg'n and Danish 19,826 

German 42,848 

French 4,650 

Spanish 17,369 

Chinese 10,683 

Japanese 9,000 

Bohemian & Hung' n 9,500 

Italian 12,082 

Portuguese 1,100 

Finnish 500 

Foreijrn populations. 200 
American Indians. . . 6.686 
English-speaking . . . 292,381 
Special city appro' t's. 11,176 



III. Miscellaneous. 



471,478 
122,000 



Grand Total $1,123,098 



CONDITIONAL. 

Malaysia : For the Philippine Mission $5,000 

South India : For Mission Press at Madras 10,000 

Central China : For strengthening the work in the Kiang-Si Province 2,000 

Korea : For Mission Press at Seoul 5,000 

Italy : For payment of the Rome debt 10,000 

Congo : For increasing the work 25,000 

Mexico : For church property 10,000 

Utah : For schools ". 5,000 

Alaska : For traveling expenses, etc 1,000 

Porto Kioo : For strengthening the Mission 5,000 



Total $78,000 



86 



Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries in 1899. 



Changes among Methodist Episoopal Foreign 
Missionaries in 1899. 

India. 

BI8HOP THOBURN visited the United 8tates and 
returned to India. Rev. T. R. Toussaint died 
January 25. Mrs. D. 0. Ernsberger died August 90. 
Rev. T. E. F. Morton and Rev. Niel Madsen located 
to engage in independent work. Rev. D. C. Clancy 
married Ella Mary Pink September 5. Rev. J. B. 
Thomas and wife, Mrs. J. H. Gill, and Mrs. J. H. 
Messmore returned to India. Rev. C. L. Bare and 
wife, Rev. W.W. Bruereand wife, Rev. L. A. Core and 
wife, Rev. F. L. Neeld and wife, Rev. Luther Law- 
son, Rev. A. W. Rudisill, and Mrs. J. M. Thoburn 
returned to the United States on furlough. The • 
following have gone out as new missionaries : Rev 
L. E. Linzell and wife, Rev. B. T. Badley, Rev. R. L. 
Faucett, Rev. M. Keislar, Rev. E. B. Lav alette, Rev. 
K. E. Anderson, Rev. H. G. Ozanne, Rev. Homer 
Wroten, Rev. B. F. Van Dyke. 

Malaysia. 

Rev. A. J. Ainery returned to the United States to 
attend college. Mrs. W. T. Kensett returned to the 
United States on furlough. The following new mis- 
sionaries have gone out : Rev. B. F. Van Dyke, Rev. 
E. 8. Lyons, Rev. J. M. Hoover, Rev. Wm. T. 

Cherry and wife. 

China. 

Rev. N. J. Plumb died July 11. Miss 8. M. Bos- 
worth, Rev. G. W. Verity and wife, and Mrs. F. 
Ohlinger returned to China. W. H. Curtiss, M.D., 
and wife, Rev. Geo. B. 8myth and wife, Rev. W. C. 
Longden and wife, Rev. Q. A. Myers and wife, J. II. 
McCartney, M.D., and wife, Rev. M. L. Taft and 
wife, Rev. A. C. Wright and wife, Rev. J. H. Worley 
and wife, Mrs. W. T. Hobart returned to the United 
States on furlough. Rev. E. B. Caldwell and wife, 
Rev. F. L. Guthrie, and Rev. Osman F. Hall, M.D., 
have gone out as new missionaries. 

Japan. 

Mrs. R. P. Alexander died January 19. Rev. I. H. 
Correll and wife resigned in September. Rev. J. W. 
Wadman returned to Japan. Ret J. O. Spencer 
and wife, Rev. J. G. Cleveland and wife returned 
to the United States on furlough. M-. J. L. Cowen 
and wife went to Japan as new missionaries. 

Korea. 

Rev. W. B. Scranton, M.D., and wife returned 
from Europe to Korea. Rev. Geo. C. Cobb and wife 
and W. B. McGill, M.D., and wife returned to the 
United States on furlough. Rev. Elmer M. Cable 
and Rev. 8. A. Beck and wife went to Korea as new 
missionaries. 

(East) South America. 

Rev. S. W. Siberts and wife went out as new 
missionaries. Rev. D. McGurk and wife returned to 
the United 8tatee. Rev. C. W. Drees returned to South 
America in January, and in December was appointed 
Superintendent of the new Mission in Puerto Rico. 



Peru. 

Rev. J. M. Spangler and wife returned to the 
United States, and Rev. M. J. Pusey and wife went 
to Peru as new missionaries. 

Chili. 

Rev. F. M. Harrington and wife and Miss M. Rus- 
sell returned to the United States. Miss Kate L. 
Russell married. Miss Alice H. Fisher returned to 
Chili. The following went to Chili as new mission- 
aries : Mr. E. F. Herman and wife, Mr. C. H. Hol- 
land, Rev. J. L. Reeder, Rev. C. H. Wertenberger 
and wife, Miss Clara M. Iwan, Miss J. Carlisle, Miss 
M. C. Smith, Miss May E. Finney, Miss Grace White. 

Liberia. 

Mr. D. E. Osborne and wife returned to the United 
States on furlough. The following new missionaries 
went out : Rev. J. C. Sherrill and wife, Rev. J. A. 
Simpson and wife, Rev. F. M. Allen and wife, Mr. 
Joe A. Davis, Miss Amanda Davis. 

Angola. 

Rev. A. E. Witney and wife, Rev. H. C. Witney, 
and Rev. W. P. Dodson and wife returned to the 
United States on furlough. Rev. S. J. Mead and 
wife and Rev. Robert Shields and wife returned to 
Angola. Rev. S. E. Brewster and Rev. F. Waite 
went out as new missionaries. 

Southeast Africa. 

Rev. J. L. Dewitt and wife, A. C. Hammitt, M.D., 
Miss Alice Culver, and Mrs. A. J. Arndt went out as 
new missionaries. Dr. Hammitt and Miss Culver 
returned to the United States. * 

Italy. 

Rev. William Burt and wife returned to the United 
States on furlough. Rev. F. II. Wright and Wife 
went to Italy as new missionaries. 



Methodist Episoopal Foreign Missionaries Past 

and Present, 

Connected with the Work of the Missionary Society. 

WE give this month a list of missionaries whose 
names commence with K, L, and M, and shall 
be glad to know if any have been omitted, if any mis- 
takes have been made, or if our readers can furnish 
information that will make our record more com- 
plete. The present missionaries are in italic. 

K 

Rev. Henry Francis Kastendieck arrived in India 
November 27, 1879; married Louisa Grace Ley 
Cotsell December 2, 1884 ; left India December 1, 1886. 
In New York East Conference. P. O., New Haven, 
Conn. 

Rev. Royal Jasper Kellogg arrived in Liberia May 
25, 1878 ; left in 1880. Located from the Southern 
Illinois Conference in September, 1896. 

Rev. Duston Kemble and wife (Margaret Agnes 
Day) arrived in Mexico in May, 1881 ; left September 
1, 1886. Mr. Kemble is Presiding Elder of the Cleve- 



Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 87 



land District, North Ohio Conference. Address, 182 . 23, 1892 ; married Adeline Weatherby January 14, 



Clinton Avenue, Cleveland, 0. 

Bey. Charles O. Kepler and wife sailed for China 
In August, 1892, and returned in 1894. Reside in 
Boston, Mass. 

Rev. James Hugh Keeley sailed for Argentina, 
South America, May 20, 1895 ; returned in May, 1897. 
Mrs. Keeley (Sarah Jane Morgan) remained in the 
United States. In Pittsburg Conference. P. O., 
Allegheny, Pa. 

Rev. MoU Keider sailed for India October 21, 1899. 
P. 0., Allahabad, India. 

Rev. Benjamin Bowman Keister and wife (Cora 
Brooks) sailed for Chili, South America, January 31, 
1896; returned in May, 1898. In North Nebraska 
Conference. P. O., Hooper, Neb. 

Rev. Charles Corwin Kelso and wife (Mary C. Pe- 
terson) arrived at Singapore, Malaysia, February j 
13, 1898; left in May, 1898. In Detroit Conference. 
P. O., Delray, Mich. 

Mtv. William Thomas Kensett went to Malaysia in 
1888 and returned in 1890 ; graduated in medicine in 
1894 ; married Elizabeth Brown December 10, 1894 ; 
Bailed for Singapore December 12, 1894 ; now in 
charge of the Kuala Lumpur Mission. P. O., Kuala 
Lumpur Selangor, Straits Settlements. Mrs. Kensett 
Is on furlough at 434 Atlantic Avenue, Pittsburg, 



Rev. Daniel Parish Kidder and wife (Cyntba Har- 
riet Russell) arrived in Brazil, South America, Janu- 
ary 8, 1838. Mrs. Kidder died in Rio dc Janeiro 
April 16, 1840. Mr. Kidder left for New York in 
April, where he arrived in June, 1840. He died in 
Evanston, in., July 29, 1891. 

Miss Margaret Kilpatrick sailed for Liberia Octo- 
ber 25, 1864; returned in January, 1865, and died 
February 24, 1866. 

Mew. Barry E. Jfot^and wife sailed for China Sep- 
tember 26, 1894. Mr. King is teacher in Peking Uni- 
versity. P. O., Peking, China. 

Bn. William Leslie King and wife (Sara J. Hocken- 
hull) sailed for India September 25, 1888. Mr. King 
is Presiding Elder of Hyderabad District, South 
India jDonference, and preacher in charge of the 
Hyderabad Hindustani Mission. P. O., Hyderabad, 
India. 

Miss Rosina A. Kinsman arrived in Santiago, 
Chili, September 11, 1880, and is in charge of the 
school at Temuco, Chili. 

Marion B. Kirk arrived in India November 1, 
1879, and died at Cawnpore July 29, 1886. 

Rev. William C. Kitchin and wife (Fanny Carlotta 
Furbeck) arrived in Japan September 20, 1882, and 
left April 1, 1888. In Troy Conference. Dr. Kitchin 
Is a professor in the University of Vermont. P. O., 
Burlington, Vt. 

Rev. Samuel Knosdes and wife (Isabella Keeley) ar- 
rived in India from England in 1852. Mr. Knowles 
joined the Methodist Mission in August, 1858 ; was 
recognized by the Board as a missionary of the So- 
ciety July 19, 1898. Mr. Knowles is Presiding Elder 
of Kumaun District, North India Conference. P. O., 
•Nairn* Tal, India. 



Per. August KuBman sailed for India November j king, China. 



1895. Mr. and Mrs. Kullman died of cholera July 27, 
1895, at Asansol, India. 

Rev. Charles Frederick Kupfer and wife (Lydia 
Knill) sailed for China September 16, 1881. Dr. 
Kupfer is Superintendent of the Central China Mis- 
sion, Presiding Elder of Nanking District, and Prin- 
cipal of Chinkiang Institute. P. O., Chinkiang, 
China. 

L 

Rev. William Henry Lacy and wife (Emma Nind) 
sailed for China September 20, 1887. Mr. Lacy is 
Superintendent of the Mission Press, Treasurer and 
Business Agent of the Foochow Mission. P. O. Foo- 
chow, China. 

Rev. John S. Ladd arrived in Bulgaria in July, 
1880 ; married Celia R. Doolittle May 24, 1881 ; left 
Bulgaria in July, 1890. In New York Conference. 
P. O., East Chatham, N. Y. 

Rev. Ira II. La Fetra sailed for Chill in July, 1878 ; 
married Adelaide Whitfield in September, 1882 ; is 
President of Santiago College and Presiding Elder of 
Santiago District, Western South America Mission 
Conference. P. O., Santiago, Chili. 

Professor T. Wolcott La Fetra went to Chili in 1883 ; 
married Lulu M. Hutchins in 1892. Is a teacher in 
Santiago College. 

Rev. John P. Larsson, a Swede converted in New 
York, returned to Sweden in 1853. In September, 
1854, the Board of Managers made an appropriation 
of $200 for his support as a missionary in Sweden. 
He is now a superannuated preacher of the Sweden 
Conference. P. O., Arboga, Sweden. 

Miss Hilda Larson, missionary in Angola, was rec- 
ognized by the Board of Managers as a missionary 
of the Society April 19, 1898. P. O., Malange, An- 
gola. She went to Africa in 1895. 

Rev. Ernest Burton Lavalette sailed for India Octo- 
ber "21, 1899. P. O., Allgarh, India. 

Rev. James ChapeUe Lawson arrived in India Janu- 
ary 21, 1881 ; married Isetta Ellen Hoy December 4, 
1884 ; is Presiding Elder of the Aligarh District, 
Northwest India Conference. P. O., Allgarh, In- 
dia. 

Rev. Luther Lawson went to India in 1896, arriving 
December 13 ; left India June 7, 1899. P. O., Keo- 
kuk, la. 

Rev. David H. Lee arrived in India November 4, 
1875 ; married Ida H. Jones June 6, 1881 ; returned 
in 1888 ; left again for India October 15, 1894. Mr. 
Lee is in charge of City Mission and Baliaghata in 
Calcutta. Address, 144 Dharamtala Street, Calcutta, 
India. 

Rev. Albert Thomas Leonard joined the India Mis- 
sion in November, 1883; married Minnie Jarman 
January 1, 1886 ; recognized by the Board of Man- 
agers as a missionary of the Society September 19, 
1893 ; came to America in 1895 ; graduated in Drew 
Theological Seminary in 1898, and same year re- 
turned to India. P. O., Pegu, Burma. 

Rev. Spencer Lewis and wife (Esther Bilbie) sailed 
for China September 5, 1888. Mr. Lewis is Superin- 
tendent of the West China Mission. P. O., Chung- 



88 Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 



Rev. Frank £. Lieden received in India in the 
Bengal-Burma Conference in 1894. Is on furlough 
in Sweden. 

Rev. Ilarry 6. Limric sailed for Mexico Septem- 
ber 5, 1888 : married Nellie Neise December 28, 1890 ; 
left Mexico in 1894. Joined the Protestant Episcopal 
Church in Ohio in 1896. P. O., Akron, O. 

Rev. Lewis Edwin LinzeU and wife (Phila Kean) sailed 
from New York for India October 4, 1899. 'P. O., 
Bombay, India. 

Rev. Edward S. Little and wife (Carrie Bate) sailed 
for China in 18S6. P. 0., Chingkiang, China. 

Rev. Albert Limerick Long and wife (Sophronia 
Persia) sailed for Bulgaria in July, 1857. From 1862 
to 1872 assisted at Constantinople in translation of 
the Bible into the Bulgarian language. Dr. Long re- 
signed the superintendency of the Bulgaria Mission 
in 1872, and accepted a professorship in Robert 
College. P. 0., Robert College, Constantinople, 
Turkey. 

Rev. Carrol Summerfleld Long and wife (Flora 
Smith) arrived in Japan March 20, 1880; left July 
17, 1890. Mr. Long died September 4, 1890, at Asho- 
Tille, N. C. Mrs. Long resides in East Syracuse, 
N.Y. 

Rev. Samuel P. Long sailed for Burma September 
17, 1884; married May Clark January 24, 1887; left 
Burma January 2, 1890. In Northern Minnesota 
Conference. P. O., Duluth, Minn. 

Rev. Wilbur Cummin gs Longden and w\fe (Gertrude 
Kidder) sailed for China in September, 1883; returned 
on furlough in 1899. P. O., Fredonia, N. Y. 

Rev. Dallas D. Lore and wife (Rebecca Toy) sailed 
from New York September 20, 1847 ; arrived in Ar- 
gentina, South America, December 16, 1847 ; left in 
August, 1854 ; went to New Mexico in June, 1855, 
on tour of inspection, and returned in February, 
1856. Dr. Lore died June 20, 1875, near Auburn, 
N. Y. Mrs. Lore resides at Summit, N. J. 

Rev. Elford F. Lounsbury arrived in Bulgaria 
June 2, 1875; married Adelia Seaman October 12, 
1881 ; left Bulgaria April 4, 1893. In New York East 
Conference. P. O., Cutchogue, N. Y. 

Mr. Edward K. Lowry received into the North 
China Mission in 1894 ; married Katherine Mullikin 
December 13, 1898. P. O., Peking, China. 

Oeorge DavU N. Lowry, M.D., and wife (Cora B. Cal- 
houn) sailed for China September 25, 1894. Dr. 
Lowry is in charge of the hospital in Peking, China. 

Rev. Hiram Harrison Ix>wry and wife (Parthena 
Elizabeth Nicholson) sailed for China August 10, 
1867 ; arrived October 10, 1867. P. O., Peking, China. 

Rev. Herman Luders joined the Mexico Mission 
in 1879 ; died in Mexico January 17, 1882. 

Rev. Henry L. Emit Luering went to Singapore, 
Malaysia, from Germany, in 1889 ; married Violet 
Marie Beins September 8, 1892 ; recognized as a mis- 
sionary by the Board February 15, 1898. Dr. Luering 
is in charge of the Chinese and Malay Missions in 
Singapore. P. O., Singapore, Straits Settlements. 

Rev. James Lyon sailed for India in October, 1879 ; 
married Lilias Gertrude Rhenius November 21, 1881. 
Mr. Lyon is in charge of the Rurki Mission. P. O., 
Rurki, India. 



M 

Rev. Robert S. Maclay sailed for China October 
13, 1847; arrived April 14, 1848; married Henrietta 
Caroline 8perry July 10, 1850; left China for the 
United States December 9, 1871 ; arrived in Japan 
from United States June 11, 1873. Mrs. Maclay died 
in Japan July 28, 1879. Dr. Maclay married 8ara A. 
Barr June 6, 1882; left Japan December 31, 1887; 
resides in Fernando, Cat. 

Rev. Robert E. Maclean and w\fe (Effle May Potter) 
sailed for China October 1, 1898. P. O., Kiuldang, 
China. 

Rev. Wm. P. MacVey and wife (Ida) arrived in 
China September 11, 1896; left July 29, 1897. In 
North Dakota Conference. P. O., Grand Forks, Dak. 

Ifcv. Robert II. Madden and wife joined the India 
Mission in 1896. Mr. Madden was admitted on trial 
in the South India Conference in 1897. P. O., Secun- 
derabad, India. 

Rev. Neils Madsen sailed for India October 29, 
1887. Received in the Bengal-Burma Conference in 
1888 ; located at his own request January, 1899. 

Rev. Wm. A. Main and tcife (Emma) sailed for 
China August 26, 1896. Mr. Main is Presiding Elder 
of Kucheng District. Missionary in charge of Kude 
District of Foochow Conference, and Principal of 
Schell-Cooper Academy. P. O., Foochow, China. 

Miss Rachel Mair, a missionary in Liberia, recog- 
nized by the Board as a missionary of the 8ociety 
November 22, 1898. In the Wissika Mission. P. C, 
Cape Palmas, Liberia. 

Rev. Wilson Edward Manly sailed for China Jan- 
uary 4, 1893 ; married Florence May Brown October 
15, 1893, at Shanghai, China. P.O., Chungking, China. 

Rev. Henry Mansell and wife (Anna) arrived in India 
January 21, 1863. Mrs. Mansell died in the United 
States May 17, 1873. Dr. Mansell married Lula 
Benschoff in 1875, who died in Cawnpore October 
17, 1876. Dr. Mansell married Nancy Monelle, M.D., 
November 3, 1877 ; is now Presiding Elder of Mns- 
soorie District, Northwest India Conference, and 
Principal of Philander Smith Institute. P. O., Mus- 
soorie, India. 

Rev. Wm. Albert Mansell arrived in India in Novem- 
ber 1889 ; married Florence Perrine March 17, 1894. 
Mr. Mansell is Presiding Elder of Oudh District, 
North India Conference. P. O., Sitapur, India. 

Professor Ren H. Marsh sailed for China October 
1, 1898 ; is a teacher in Anglo-Chinese College. P. O., 
Foochow, China. 

Rev. Carlos Roscoe Martin and wife (Mary) ar- 
rived in China April 1, 1860. Mr. Martin died at 
Foochow September 6, 1864. 

Professor Charles A. Martin arrived in India, De- 
cember 21, 1880 ; returned to America in 1882. 

Rev. Allan James Maxwell and wife (Ellen) ar- 
rived in India in December, 1883. Mr. Maxwell died 
in India October 20, 1890. Mrs. Maxwell returned 
to the United States and in 1897 married Captain A. 
S. Barker of the United States Navy, commander of 
the Brooklyn. 

Miss Agnes McAlister, a missionary in Liberia, was 
recognized by the Board as a missionary of the 
Society April 19, 1898. Went to Liberia in 1887. 



Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 



89 



In the Caraway Mission. P. O., Cape Palmas, 
Liberia. 

Jamet Henry McCartttey, M.D. t and wife (Kasie 
Thomas) sailed for China September 4, 1890. Mrs. 
McCartney died January 4. 1895. Dr. McCartney 
married Sarah Elizabeth Kissack January 8, 1896. 
Left Chungking on furlough May 26, 1899 ; arrived in 
United States July 16, 1899. P. O., Girard, O. 

Rev. Thomas McClintock went to Argentina, South 
America, in 1872 ; returned in 1874. 

Rev. Frank Latimer McCoy and wife (Ida) arrived 
in India in January, 1887. Mr. McCoy died February 
13, 1880, in Calcutta, India. 

Rer. Wm. Bacon McGill, M.D., and wife (Lizzie 
Johnson) arrived in China August 27, 1889 ; returned 
on furlough in 1899. P. O., Redlands, Cal. 

Rev. Geo. Harrison McGrew arrived in India Jan- 
uary 5, 1876; married Anna Julia Lore, M.D., Sep- 
tember 11, 1876; left India April 26, 1885. Withdrew 
in 1893 from Methodist Episcopal Church and joined 
the Protestant Episcopal Church. Resides at 715 
Case Avenue, Cleveland, O. 

Rev. Daniel McGurk and wife (Annie Lockwood) 
sailed for Argentina, South America, April 26, 1894 ; 
arrived May 23, 1894. Left Rosario December 6, 
1898. In Northwest Kansas Conference. P. O., 
Jewell City, Kan. 

Rev. Albert Deanes McHenry and wife (Mary 
Adelia Sortor) arrived in India October 20, 1873. 
Left March 1, 1881. Mrs. McHenry died July 25, 
1881, at Alliance, O. Mr. McHenry is in East Ohio 
Conference. P. O. Richmond Center, O. 

Rev. David N. Mclnturff and wife arrived in 
Japan December 1, 1887 ; left July 31, 1890. Mr. 
Mclnturff withdrew from the Columbia River Con- 
ference in 1896. 

Rev. Wm. P. McLaughlin and wife (Mary Rebecca 
Long) sailed for Argentina, South America, Novem- 
ber 9, 1892 ; arrived in Argentina December 21, 1892. 
Dr. McLaughlin is pastor of First Church, Buenos 
Ayres, Argentina. 

Rev. Wm. Etridge McLennan and wife (Lila Fame 
Keely) arrived in Mexico December 23, 1889 ; left 
April 10, 1891. Dr. McLennan is pastor of Trinity 
Methodist Episcopal Church, Chicago, 111. Resi- 
dence, 2510 Indiana Avenue, Chicago. 

Rev. John Todd McMahan and wife (Sarah Doug- 
lass) arrived in India November 11, 1870. Mr. 
McMahan died July 6, 1896. Mrs. McMahan resides 
at 171 High Street, Middletown, Conn. 

Professor R. McMurdy and wife went to Brazil, 
South America, in 1887 ; returned in 1838. 

Rev. Robert L. McNab and wife (Satie M. Canan) 
arrived in China January 12, 1892 ; left July 2, 1894. 
In Illinois Conference. P. O., Camp Point, 111. 

Rev. Samuel J. Mead and wife (Ardella Knapp), 
missionaries in Angola, Africa ; recognized by the 
Board as missionaries of the* Society April 19, 1898. 
Arrived in Africa March, 1885. P. O., Malange, 
Angola, Africa. 

Rev. Jamet Patrick Meik joined in India in Feb- 
ruary, 1879; married Isabella Young March 1, 1886. 
Recognised by the Board as a missionary of the 
Society September 19, 1893. Preacher in charge of 



Bolpur and Pakur, Bengal-Burma Conference. P. O. , 
Pakur, India. 

Rev. James Hager Messmore sailed for India Novem- 
ber 1, 1860; arrived at Madras March 11, 1861 ; mar- 
ried Elizabeth Husk October 21, 1861, atLucknow; 
Presiding Elder of Moradabad District, North India 
Conference. P. O., Bijnour, India. 

Mi*& Marian Alice Milks sailed for Chili March 30, 
1892. P. 0., Concepcion, Chili. 

Rev. Charles M. Miller and wife went to India in 
1885; returned in 1889. Jn Pittsburg Conference. 
P. O., Pittsburg, Pa. 

Rev. Charles W. Miller and wife ( Mary Elizabeth 
Woodson) arrived in Argentina, South America, 
February 21, 1887; left May 4, 1893. In Holston 
Conference. P. O., Wellsburg, Tenn. 

Rev. William S. Miller, missionary in Angola, 
Africa; recognized by the Board as a missionary 
April 19, 1898. P. 0., Pungo Andongo, Angola, 
Africa. Arrived in Africa November 7, 1886. 

Rev. George Sullivan Miner and wife (Mary Marie 
Kendall) arrived in China in January, 1892. Mr. 
Miner is Sui>erintendent of Special Gifts Day 
Schools and missionary in charge of Ngucheng Dis- 
trict, Foochow Conference. P. 0., Foochow, China. 

Rev. David Casler Monroe arrived in India Feb- 
ruary 2, 1885 ; married Hester Mansell January 15, 
1891 ; returned in 1898, arriving in New York No- 
vember 28 ; withdrew from Central New York Con- 
ference in October 1899 to join the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. 

Rev. Daniel Davies Moore sailed for Singapore 
July 1, 1890 ; married in Singapore December 22, 
1892 ; withdrew May 5, 1896. Now a missionary of 
the Canada Methodist Church among the Chinese in 
Western Canada. Address, 700 Cambio Street, 
Vancouver, B. C, Canada. 

Rev. William Arnold Mo*)re joined the India Mis- 
sion in 1880 ; married Cecilia O'Leary March 15, 1883, 
who died December 8, 1883 ; located from South India 
Conference in 1884 ; readmitted in 1894. Married 
Laura Ruth Wheeler December 4, 1884. P. O., 
Basim, India. 

Rev. Fred Hugh Morgan and wife (Gusta Mima Wil- 
cox) arrived in Singapore February* 19, 1895. Mr. 
Morgan is pastor of the English Church and the 
Tamil Mission in Singapore. P. O., Singapore/ 
Straits Settlements. 

Rev. Thomas Edward Frank Morton received into 
the South India Conference in 1880 ; married Esther 
Ballantyne October 28, 1881 ; located at his own re- 
quest at the Bombay Conference in December, 1898. 
Mrs. Morton died in November, 1899. 

Miss Ina II. Moses arrived in Peru in January, 
1894 ; left in January, 1899. 

Rev. Ralph W. Munson and wife (Carrie Louise 
Gasser) arrived in India in January, 1887; trans- 
ferred to Singapore in December, 1887 ; left Singa- 
pore May 5, 1896. Mr. Munson is a supernumerary 
preacher of the Central Ohio Conference. P. O., 
Toledo, O. 

Rev. James Mudge and wife (Martha Wiswell) ar- 
rived in India October 20, 1873 ; left India in 1883. 
In New England Conference. P. O., Natick, Mass. 



90 



Notes. 



Miss Katharine Mullikin sailed for China August 
8, 1897; married Edward K. Lowry December 18, 
1898: P. O., Peking, China. 

Itev. Quincy A. Myers and wife (Cora Lacey) sailed 
for China in November, 1893, and arrived at Chung- 
king February 13, 1894; will return on furlough 
February, 1900. P. O., Perrysville, Ind. 



Notes. 

Rev. I. II. Correll, D.D., formerly one of our mis- 
sionaries in Japan, was received into the Protestant 
Episcopal Church at York, Pa., December 28, 1899. 

In the record of our missionaries last month under 
the headiug of G, the address of Rev. C. M. Griffith 
was given as Pendee, Neb. He writes that he is still 
a member of the Western South America Mission 
Conference, and is supplying Collins Center and 
Morton's Corners charge, Genesee Conference, and 
his post office is Collins Center, N. Y. 

Miss Mary F. Wilson, of the Central China Mission, 
sailed from China for the United States December 2, 
1899. She is at her home in Pomona, Mich. 

Rev. Frederick J. Masters, D.D., superintendent of 
the Chinese work of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
on the Pacific coast, and Presiding Elder of the Chi- 
nese District of the California Conference, died of 
paralysis in Berkeley, Cal., on January 2, 1900. For 
fifteen years he has been an able and successful 
leader in work for the Chinese on the Pacific coast, 
and his place will be very difficult to fill. 

Rev. Carl Frederick Eltzholtz and wife (Isabella 
Williams) sailed from New York June 29, 1878, as 
missionaries to Denmark. They arrived in Denmark 
July 12, 1878, and left May 25, 1887, arriving in New 
York June 10, 1887. Mr. Eltzholtz is a member of 
the Norwegian Danish Conference, and editor of Den 
Christelege Talsmand, 272 Grand Avenue, Chicago, 111. 

Rev. George Smith Henderson, of our India Mis- 
sion, was born in Scotland ; arrived in India in Jan- 
uary, 1889, and joined at once the Methodist Mission 
as a local preacher ; murried Mabel Lucy Griffin in 
January, 1891, joined the Bengal-Burma Conference 
in 1894; is in charge of the Seamen's Mission, 17 
Lall Bazar Street, Calcutta, India. 



Meeting of the Board of Managers, 

{Extracts from the Proceedings,) 

THE Board of Managers of the Missionary Society 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church met in 
regular session January 16, 1899, Bishop Bowman 
p. residing. Devotionul exercises were conducted by 
Rev. C. S. Wing, D.D. 

Secretary Leonard, Secretary Baldwin, and Treas- 
urer Eaton were appointed a committee to prepare a 
memorial minute on Dr. F. J. Masters. 

The reports of the Committees on Finance and on 
Lands and Legacies were adopted. 

The Finance Committee was authorized to secure 
examination of the bookkeeping system of the So- 
ciety and report to the Board any recommendations 
they may deem desirable. 



A furlough was granted to Miss Agnes Mc- 
Allister, missionary in Liberia, on account of her 
health. 

The outgoing of Rev. E. II. Greeley to Umtali, 
Rhodesia, was authorized. 

The return of Rev. A. L. Buckwalter and wife from 
Inhambane, Southeast Africa, was authorized on ac- 
count of the health of Mrs. Buckwalter. 

Two new men were authorized to be sent to the 
Foochow Mission if they are provided for in the re- 
distribution for 1900. 

The following were approved as trustees of the 
Nanking University : Bishop W. F. Mallalleu, A. R. 
Whittier, Geo. N. Weed, A. R. Weed, terms expiring 
1901 ; Rev. E. J. Helms, James Mudge, D.D., Charles 
Parkhurst, D.D., S. L. Baldwin, D.D., terms expir- 
ing 1902 ; Charles R. Magee, Pliny Nickcrson, D. H. 
Ela, D.D., Dillon Bronson, terms expiring 1903. t 

Rev. James Simester was appointed a member of 
the Finance Committee of the Foochow Mission to 
fill the vacancy gaused by the death of Rev. N. J. 
Plumb. 

The Board disapproved the proposed establish- 
ment of a leper hospital at Nanking under present 
circumstances. 

The sale of one of the missionary residences at 
Kiukiang, and the use of the money to purchase a 
building at Nanchang were authorized. 

Rev. J. H. Pyke was appointed Treasurer of the 
North China Mission. 

Rev. W. F. Walker was authorized to return to 
North China at once, as his health has been restored. 

Mr. J. Victor Martin was appointed to the North 
China Mission, provided he pass a satisfactory ex- 
amination and the approval of the Committee of 
General Reference. 

Certain sales and changes in mission property in 
Tokyo, Japan, were authorized. 

A suitable single man was authorized to be sent to 
the South Japan Mission Conference to engage in 
school work. 

The return' of Rev. D. A. Bunker to work In the 
Korean Mission was approved, provided his salary 
be included in the redistribution of the appropria- 
tions for 1900. 

The consideration of the redistribution of the ap- 
propriations for Italy for the year 1900 was post- 
poned. 

The sending by Mrs. Mary Badley of her son to a 
business college in Now York city was approved. 

The proposition of Eaton & Mains for the printing 
and mailing of Gospel in All Lands was approved. 

Miss Ida Bohannon was approved for appoint- 
ment under the Woman's Foreign Missionary Com- 
mittee as a missionary to Mexico. 

Rev. Thomas H. Martin was approved for appoint- 
ment by Bishop Thoburn as missionary to Manila, 
provided medical and optical examination is satis- 
factory. 

The Committee on Memorial Minute to Dr. Mas- 
ters was authorized to have the same entered on the 
Minutes and to forward a copy to Mrs. Masters. 

The Auditing Committee reported that they had 
examined the books of the treasurer, Dr. Eaton, 



The Sweden Mission and Gotland District. 



91 



vouchers and footings were verified, and the securi- 
ties held by the Society were also examined and 
found as tabulated. 

Several appropriations were made to the foreign 
missions, and fifteen made to missions in the home 
field. 



The Sweden Mission and Gotland District * 

BT REV. J. M. ERIKSON. 

THE year 1899 has been a good one and we have 
had some revivals. Of the 2,396 reported as 
converted during the year, 1,965 have been received 
on probation and 858 received in full membership. 
We need more workers. We lay much stress upon 
the necessity of self-support, but our people are gen- 
erally poor and as a rule are liberal. Our members 
are loyal to their Church and our preachers are zeal- 
ous and pious. 

In some places we have considerable indebtedness 
on our churches. One of them, Sundevall, is in 
severe distress, and we hope it will receive some aid 
from the Centenary Fund. 

The new scheme for a joint theological seminary 
for Sweden, Norway, and Denmark has been favora- 
bly received. There has also been started a move- 
ment altogether out of our Church for a closer union 
between the universities of all Scandinavian coun- 
tries and the students in the same. In this it is evi- 
dent the Lord is preparing the way for our theologi- 
cal school. We look for some assistance from our 
American friends in the carrying out of our plans. 

Our Epworth Leagues are, doing their work well, 
and there is a growing interest, in most of our 
churches, in our young people, and in those not con- 
nected with us, to get them converted. 

There is considerable competition between the 
different denominations, and the State Church is 
reforming herself, her ministers organizing Sunday 
school and deaconess work. 

The district I now serve (Gotland District) is small, 
having only six charges. The work is on an island 
in the Baltic Sea. Methodism has been there for a 
quarter of a century, and it has done much for the 
people. There are 990 members and probationers 
spread all over the island, which is one hundred and 
ten miles long. There is only one city ( Wisby), and 
here we have 859 members, and the church is self- 
supporting. On the district during the year 41 have 
been received on probation and 60 admitted into 
full membership. 

In addition to Wisby there is one charge on the 
Island, named Roma, that is totally self-supporting, 
and the other four have only $448.89 granted them 
this year from the Missionary Society ; but the dis- 
trict has returned in missionary collections $293.28. 

We are aiming at full self-support everywhere. 
There has been some depression in the industrial 
work for many years, but a new era has begun and 
new enterprises are being started all over the island. 
I am well acquainted with the work on the district, and 
visit all the charges three or four times during the 
year, but my time is largely occupied with editing 
our two weeklies, one for the Conference and one 



for the Sunday schools, and 1 have also to attend to 
other literary and business work for the Church. 

Our beloved Bishop Walden, who has presided 
over the Conference for two years, has done much 
for our work in Sweden, and has given many im- 
pulses for good. It is surely a good thing to have 
the same bishop to preside over the Conference two 
successive years or more, and we hope that the next 
General Conference will establish an episcopal resi- 
dence somewhere in Europe. 



The Western District, Sweden Conference. 

BT REV. K. A. JAKSSOX. 

THE last Conference year on this district in the 
Sweden Conference of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church has been very successful. In many of the 
churches we have had powerful and protracted re- 
vivals ; 471 persons have been received on trial and 
260 received in full membership. In the churches 
have been collected 91,000 kronor (1 krona equals 27 
cents), being nearly 10.000 kronor more than the 
year before. 

On the district are 40 churches and chapels with 
seats for 13,375 hearers, and in addition are 98 regu- 
lar preaching places where the services are held in 
rented halls or private homes, while 73 other places 
are incidentally visited by our preachers. In most 
of these places there are good audiences, and in 
some great crowds of people come to hear the Gos- 
pel. More than 13,000 persons come regularly to our 
meetings, and 930 have confessed that they have 
found peace with God during our services and re- 
vival services. 

In 32 Epworth chapters and young people's soci- 
eties we have 1,344 members, and in Sweden we 
have 87 chapters with more than 4,000 members. I 
have been the president of the Conference Board of 
the Epworth League in Sweden from 1892, when the 
League was introduced, to the present time. This 
movement among our youth is a bright promise for 
the future, and we begin to feel the influence of the 
zeal of the young people in our church work. 

In 18 churches on the district the Sunday schools 
are organized into missionary societies. Out in the 
country places, where the Sunday schools are small, 
it is impossible to organize them into missionary so- 
cieties with any practical result, but in such case we 
have a mission Sunday, and take a missionary collec- 
tion. 

In Boreas, a flourishing and growing manufactur- 
ing city, we have taken up work, and now we have 
60 members, who give 800 kronor toward self-support, 
while the Conference Home Missionary Society gives 
to it 1,000 kronor. We have bought a fine lot here 
and intend to build a church. The revival last win- 
ter was wonderful, resulting in 200 conversions. 

InGoteborg we have organized a new church during 
the year, and now we have in the city 4 churches with 
1,328 members. We have only 2 church buildings 
here, but we rent 10 halls and rooms for our services. 
Two years ago St. Jacob's Church bought a fine lot 
for 60,000 kronor and intends to build a new church 
as soon as it can. Last spring Emanuel Church also 



92 



Appeal for Workers for China 



bought a lot, paying 85,000 kronor for it, and intends 
to build so that it can remove from its present old 
and low wood chapel, which is now surrounded by 
high buildings. 

In Halm8tad there has been a revival season from 
the beginning of the year, and 200 persons have been 
converted, of whom more than 50 joined our Church. 

In Alingsas and in Orebro we have had blessed re- 
vivals. In the first-named place 48 persons joined 
on probation and an Epworth chapter was organ- 
ized with 40 members. In Orebro 63 were received 
on probation. In Degerfors a beautiful church has 
been dedicated. 

In all places we decreased our Church debts and 
increased the contributions for the benevolent col- 
lections, and the new year begins with bright pros- 
pects. 

Appeal for Workers for Ohina. 

CHINA CENTRAL CONFERENCE, assembled in 
Shanghai from November 15 to November 18, 
1899, appointed the undersigned a committee to pre- 
pare an appeal to our home churches for more 
workers. Including wives and single women, the 
committee decided that about one hundred workers 
would not more than meet our present and pressing 
needs. 

China's doors of opportunity are opening wider 
than ever before in her history, but we are unable to 
enter them. Much important work is crippled, and 
some has come to a standstill. Shall not our Meth- 
odism arise in God's strength and go in and possess 

the land r 

Foochow. 

Our Theological School was closed last July be- 
cause there was no one to take charge of it. Nearly 
forty young men who were preparing for the minis- 
try had to return to their homes. The people are 
perishing for the bread of life, and yet we must stop 
the training of those who might go forth to preach 
the unsearchable riches of God. We have two very 
populous districts without one foreign missionary. 
We have over four hundred day schools, which, un- 
less some one is soon sent, will have to be closed, 
and thousands of children left with no one to teach 
them the way of life. We are turning from our 
schools constantly those who are seeking to know the 
truth. Why? Because we have not enough work- 
ers to teach them. We are refusing to open schools 
and churches where the people are willing to help 
support them. Why? Because our force of work- 
ers is insufficient to train native helpers for these 
places. 

We are continually declining invitations to teach 
and pray and comfort in the homes of the "shut-ins." 
Why? Because of lack of workers. We need at least 
eighteen workers at once! Men and women, come 
over and help us ! 

Central China. 

Central China Mission has five stations situated in 
three of the mostly densely populated provinces in 
China. To. meet the present honest needs of this 



field seven men and ten women should be sent this 
year. Tangchow is left without a missionary, and 
the Chinkiang Boys' Institute is closed because of a 
lack of workers. These vacancies should be sup- 
plied, and also two Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society workers sent to Yangchow. At Nanking 
another teacher is needed in the university, and two 
Jadies are asked for the Woman's Foreign Mission- 
ary 8ociety. Wuhu is the center of a large district 
uusurpassed for evangelistic work ; another evan- 
gelistic worker is asked for ; a doctor, to allow the 
present physician to take his furlough, and two 
ladies. Kiukiang, with its large country work and 
Boys' Institute, has only two men ; another one is 
needed, and help is needed in the girls' school and 
country work among the women. On Nanchang 
District the people are asking for the Gospel, are 
building their own chapels, and many are accepting 
Christ; another man is needed and at least two 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society workers, one 
of whom should be a physician. 

North China. 

Turning to North China, we find no new mission- 
aries have been sent by the Parent Board in the last 
five years. Not only that, but five men have left the 
field, two of them within the past year. 

In Tsunhua the evangelistic and school work and 
general supervision of native workers fall on one 
man. Another is needed immediately. In Shantung- 
there is but one family. There is abundant work to 
fill the hands and heart of another preacher and a 
doctor. That work suffers now, and has suffered for 
years, from insufficient supervision. A layman for 
treasurer is urgently needed. In fact, every depart- 
ment of the work is crippled for lack of men. 

The work for women is equally needy. At 
Tsunhua three ladies are wanted— one for school 
work, one for country work, and one physician. 
Three are needed in Peking and three in Shantung* 
for the same departments. In all North China there 
is no one to do country work for women, and only 
one of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society for 
the training school. When soldiers fall in battle 
reinforcements are instantly ordered up, bat the 
ranks of the advance guard of God's army are get- 
ting thin, and no reinforcements are in sight. 

West China. 

West China needs three Woman's Foreign Mia- 
sionory Society workers. Chungking should have 
a trained nurse to work in connection with Dr. Ket- 
ring in the Chungking Woman's Hospital. Chentu 
should have a teacher for boarding and day schools. 
Suiling should have some one to assist Mrs. Curnow 
in the work among women and girls. 

Four workers are needed for the Parent Society. 
Chungking needs a married man for the pastorate 
of its large church. Chentu needs an educator to 
take charge of a school of high grade, for which the 
Chinese are ready to pay. On the great road, three 
hundred miles long, between Chungking and Chentu, 
there should be two single men to take charge of 
important circuits. 



Mission Notes from Jacktown, Liberia. 



93 



HlNGHUA. 

It is impossible in the space allotted to give a true 
idea of the need of workers in Ilinghua Mission Con- 
ference. Inchung District should have one more of 
the general society for school or evangelistic work, 
and two Woman's Foreign Missionary Society ladies, 
to take the place of one who must soon have her 
forlough. 

Singiu needs a physician for the general society 
and a lady for the Girls 7 Boarding School. There is 
a new building and a score or more of girls await- 
ing some one to open the school so greatly needed. 

In Ilinghua City the Woman's Training School 
of twenty bright women will have to be closed 
if some one does not come soon to care for it, 
while the Girls' Boarding School and city evan- 
gelistic work should have at least one each, and Po- 
oheng District one more for country work. 

The general society has a large Boys' High School 
and Mission Press, that are cared for by the mission- 
ary and his wife, in connection with being mission- 
ary in charge of two large districts and treasurer of 
the Mission. There should be one for school work, 
one for press work, and one for the theological school. 
These are the urgent needs of the hour, and we plead 
that the societies meet them as soon as possible. 

Spencek Lewis, 
W. T. Hobart, 
Mrs. Emma Nind Lacy, 
Miss Ella Shaw, 
Miss M. E. Wilson, 

Committee. 
Shanghai, November 18, 1899. 



Mission Votes From Jaoktown, Liberia. 

BY REV. J. B. ROBERTSON. 

I ARRIVED at Cape Palmas, Liberia, January 22. 
1889, with thirteen other missionaries sent out by 
Bishop Taylor, only two of whom are now on the field. 
I was stationed at Grand Sess, on the coast,* where I 
remained eight years, with the exception of an eight- 
months' trip to the United States in 18W. On return- 
ing I brought with me an iron church from Liverpool 
and put it up at Grand Sess. It was largely the gift 
of Chaplain McCabe, who gave $300 for it. That 
mission is now run largely by native Christians, 
who have a day school and a regular church service 
on Sundays. My wife, Lena Carlson Robertson, 
whom I married July 15, 1892, at Grand Sess, died 
there July 23, 1896. 

Bishop Hartzell appointed me to Plukey Mission 
and Cape Palmas Seminary in 1897, and in 1898 to 
my present appointment, Sinoe River Industrial Mis- 
siok, at Jacktown, Sinoe County, Liberia. On June 
11, 1898, 1 married Mrs. Frieda Rissmuller Smith, and 
we are working together for the redemption of 
Africa. 

Our station is fifteen miles from the sea, on the 
left bank of the Sinoe River. Our work is among 
tbeGiboo and NImoo Tribes. The Liberian Govern- 
ment granted Bishop Hartzell here 201 acres of land. 
It is a good site for a large Industrial mission. The 
land is good. At present we are cultivating it with 



a hoe, but hope to have better facilities for working 
it. We have cocoa and rubber trees, 5 goats, 25 
chickens, and plenty of sweet potatoes. 

We have eleven native children who are learning 
to work, read the Bible, and serve God. Some of 
them have been converted. Many natives come to 
Jacktown from the interior to trade, and we have a 
chance to tell them about Jesus. Mrs. Robertson 
teaches our mission children and all others who 
come in a day school. I manage the farm and 
preach at the mission and in three native towns 
regularly. Some of these to whom we have been 
preaching have lately thrown away their jujus 
i idols). We need a new hoirse farther away from 
the town, where we can the better train our mission 
familv. 

• 

Services in Memory of Eev. Abundio Tovar. 

(From the Mexico Herald of January 1.) 

THE services yesterday at the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church (Mexico City) were noteworthy on 
several accounts, chiefly because the memory of the 
late Rev. Abundio Tovar y Bueno, Presiding Elder of 
the Vera Cruz District of the Mexico Conference of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, who died at Orizaba on 
December 18, was honored, and because, Bishop C. C. 
McCabe spoke at the memorial service and preached 
to the English congregation in the evening. 

The following was the program of the memorial 
service in the morning : 

1. Hymn 267. 

2. Reading of Psa. 90 by Sr. T. del Valle. 

3. Religious Invocation by Rev. 8. 1. Lopez. 

4. Address by Rev. J. W. Butler, D.D.. 

5. Hymn, u In the Arms of My Saviour." 

6. Address, " Rev. Abundio Tovar y Bueno in the 
Home and in the College,' 7 by Rev. Pedro Flores 
Valderrama, Presiding Elder of the Mountain Dis- 
trict. 

7. Song by Mrs. Mayo Rhodes, "Jerusalem the 
Golden." 

8. Address by Bishop C. C. McCabe. 

9. Address, "The Educational Work of Rev. A. 
Tovar y Bueno," by Rev. V. D. Baez, Presiding Elder 
of the Hidalgo District. 

10. Beethoven's "Sonata Pathetique," played on 
the piano by Wesley Flores. 

11. Address, "The Ministerial Work of Rev. A. 
Tovar y Bueno," by Rev. Justo M. Euroza, Presiding 
Elder of the Oaxaca District. 

12. Hymn, "Asleep in Jesus," sung by Mrs. Mayo 
Rhodes. 

13. Benediction. 

A good deal of interest naturally attached to the 
address of Bishop McCabe, who said : 

44 Upon my arrival in Mexico the first thing I 
heard about the Mission was that Abundio Tovar 
had gone from us. The shock was great to me.* 
Although my acquaintance with him began so 
recently I had already learned to respect and love 
him. 

44 When he was converted and joined our Church 
he was a great accession to our ranks. He has filled 



94 



Memorial of Dr. F. J. Masters. 



every position. to which he has been assigned with 
honor to himself and usefulness to the Church of 
God. Ue has made full proof of his ministry, and 
has done well his work as a servant- of Jesus 
Christ. 

"Last year, during our visit to Atzacan, at a gather- 
ing of our people he was appointed, as Presiding 
Elder of the district, to deliver to me an address of 
welcome. It was taken down in Spanish and trans- 
lated into English so that I might read it, and I had it 
published. It was as follows : 

" Sefior Bishop : My people of the indigenous race 
have suffered such humiliations and depreciation that 
their temperament is somber and sad and sometimes 
distrustful of foreigners, in whose presence they are 
apt to believe they are in the presence of enemies. 
But when they are sail and anyone loves them they 
know how to respoud, serving even to sacrifice 
those who become their friends. The brothers of 
Atzacan, of Panotla, in the state of Tlaxcala, and 
Xochiapulco, in the state of Puebla, who have em- 
braced the Gospel, are sincere and faithful. I am 
sure they will never fall out of the flies of the soldiers 
of Christ. 

" Interpreting this sentiment, I beg you to carry a 
fraternal salutation to our brothers beyond the Rio 
Grande. And from you, whom wo have learned to 
esteem, we beg noble and generous aid for the evan- 
gelization of our race. We hope to meet you round 
the throne of that divine Master who makes no dis- 
tinction in races or nationalities which are bound by 
the bonds of faith, hope, and charity, Chinese, Jap- 
anese, Hindus, Europeans, and Americans, with 
their brothers the descendants of Cuauhtemoc and 
Xicotencatl, singing the hallelujahs of the redeemed. 

" This address shows the largeness of his mind. He 
had grown so in his faith and love that he could be- 
lieve in the brotherhood of man and the ultimate 
unity of the human race. 

14 Abundio Tovar was an ideal presiding elder. He 
was interested in the welfare of his preachers, and 
ever ready to help them in all their undertakings. 
The words of John Wesley to John Fletcher might 
not unfittingly be addressed to Abundio Tovar. 
8peaking of a leader of the Church, Wesley said : 

" ' Qualified to preside over both preachers and peo- 
ple, he must be a man of faith and love, and one 
that has a single eye to the advancement of the king- 
dom of God. He must have a clear understanding 
of men and things, particularly of Methodist doc- 
trine and discipline. He must likewise have some 
degree of learning, for there are many adversaries, 
learned as well as unlearned, whose mouths must be 
stopped. But has God provided one so qualified ? 
Who is he ? Thou art the man.' 

" From what I have learned of his graces, his fidel- 
ity, his patience, piety, and burning zeal, I am sure 
these words of John Wesley may truthfully be applied 
to Abundio Tovar. The Mission has lost one of its 
noblest men and most successful workers. 

** What shall we do ? March on as soldiers do when 
a comrade falls. Close up the ranks and march on. 
We must make up for his absence by increased zeal 
and devotion to our work. Let each one of you try 
to win ten boys to Christ and send them to our 
schools to be educated and trained for our holy min- 
istry. Think of the greatness of the work that is 



before us ! We cannot cease our efforts until all 
Mexico is redeemed ; till the word of God is read 
and loved in every home, and Jesus is enthroned in 
every heart. When Philip Doddridge died Charles 
Wesley wrote to George Whitefield : " Doddridge is 
dead I We must begin I We must begin ! ' 

" They had been preaching three times a day and 
calling sinners to repentance by thousands, but the 
death of Philip Doddridge inspired rather than de- 
pressed them. 

"When George Whitefield died Charles Wesley 
said, " God can bury his workmen and yet carry on 
his work.' 

" But best of all, at the grave of Abundio Tovar let 
us hear the Master say, as he said to Martha and 
Mary at the grave of Lazarus, ' Said I not unto thee 
that if thou wouldst believe, thou shouldst see the 
glory of God ?' 

" Let us rejoice that our brother lingered with us as 
long as he did, even until we had caught something 
of his spirit, and let us think of him as at home in 
the mansion prepared for him in glory." 



Memorial Minute for Frederick J. Masters, D.D» 

Adopted by the Board of Managers January 16, 1900. 

FREDERICK JAMES MASTERS, for fifteen years 
in charge of the Methodist Episcopal missions 
among the Chinese on the Pacific coast, was born in 
England, September 23, 1850, and died at his home in 
Berkeley, Cal., January 2, 1900. He entered into this 
life in the midst of a consecrated Methodist family. 
He had thirteen brothers and sisters. All of the 
fourteen became followers of Christ, and eight gave 
themselves to the ministry and work in mission 
lands. 

Frederick was converted in his youth, and early 
felt called to preach the Gospel. He entered Rich- 
mond College, from which he graduated in 1874, and 
the same year went as a missionary to Canton, 
China, where he labored successfully in the Wesleyan 
Mission for ten years, becoming very proficient in 
the use of the Chinese language. He married in 
Canton, on June 20, 1876, Miss Mary Galbraith, a 
missionary in the Presbyterian Mission. 

Dr. Masters returned to England with his family 
in 1884, and on his way stopped for a few days in 
San Francisco, and became familiar with the work 
being done for the Chinese by Dr. Otis Gibson, and 
when Dr. Gibson broke down a few months later 
Dr. Masters was urged to take charge of the Mission. 
He consented to do so, and from the summer of 1886 
until his death was the superintendent of the Mis- 
sion. The Chinese on the Pacific coast, from Paget 
Sound on the north to San Diego on the south, re- 
ceived the benefit of his ministrations, and many 
were persuaded to become followers of the Christ he 
eloquently preached and faithfully illustrated. 

Early in 1899 his health began to fail, and he was 
given a few months' vacation during the summer, 
which he spent in England, visiting his mother and 
seeking recuperation amid the scenes of his child- 
hood. He returned apparently in better health, and 



Other Methodist Missionary Societies and Missions. 



95 



commenced again the active duties of his mission. 
He preached with much spiritual power, but not 
with his old rigor. During the Christmas holidays 
he waa confined to his room, and was planning for 
the future of his loved work, but on the second day 
of the new year he left earth for heaven. He leaves 
a wife and four children and many friends to sorrow 
over his departure. He was one of God's noblemen, 



and an honored, faithful, and successful worker in 

the Methodist mission field. 
We extend our sincere sympathy to the family who 

have been so suddenly and sadly bereaved and pray 

the blessing of our heavenly Father upon them. 

A. B. Leonard, \ 
8. L. Baldwin, > Committee. 
HoatEB Eaton, j 



OTHER METHODIST MISSIONARY SOCIETIES AND MISSIONS. 



Methodist Episcopal Church, South. 

Mission Headquarters, Xashvttle, Tenn. 

THE Northwest Mexican Mission Conference cov- 
ers the states of 8onora, Sinaloa, Chihuahua, 
Durango, and Coahuila, and the territory of Lower 
California in Mexico, and a part of northwest Texas. 
Here are five missionaries and about twenty native 
preachers. In Durango is located MacDonnell In- 
stitute, in charge of the ladies of the Woman's For- 
eign Mission "Board, and both an American and Mex- 
ican congregation. 

The Central Mexico Mission Conference embraces 
practically the whole of tropical Mexico, with its 
center in Mexico City. In the conference are six 
missionaries and about twenty native preachers. In 
Mexico City is a new church building which *' both 
as to location and general fitness is the most desir- 
able place of Protestant worship in the city.*' The 
other chief centers of operation are San Luis Potosi, 
Onadalajara, Moralia, Cuernavaca, Puebla, and 
Orizaba. In San Luis Potosi the mission has a most 
eligible piece of property, uniting in the same block 
buildings for residence, school, hospital, and church 
purposes. Dr. B. O. Hester has charge of the hos- 
pital, and Rev. H. L. Gray has charge of the Mexican 
congregation, and will organize a training school 
for native preachers. 

The Mexican Border Mission Conference occupies 
the states of Taraaulipas, Nuevo Leon, and a part of 
Coahuila, in Mexico, and aims to serve the Mexican 
population in Texas from the mouth of the Rio 
Grande to Eagle Pass, and as far east as Austin. 
The working force consists of three missionaries and 
25 native preachers. The principal points are Mon- 
terey, Saltfflo, Monclova, and Ciudad Porfirio Diaz 
in Mexico, and Laredo in Texas. 

The mission work in Kobe, Japan, in charge of 
Mrs. M. I. Lambuth, consists of six departments : (1) 
The Night School, or Palmore Institute ; (2) The 
Japanese Female Industrial Department ; (3) The 
English, or Annex Department ; (4) Special classes 
for young women ; (5) Bible classes ; (6) Sunday 
schools. During the past year the night school had 
an enrollment of 448 ; the Japanese Female Indus- 
trial Department an enrollment of 50 regular stu- 
dents, with 6 Japanese and 3 foreign teachers ; the 
English Department had 20 pupils, with 3 foreign 
and 2 native teachers. Three Bible classes and sev- 
eral'Sonday schools are held regularly, and the Bible 
Training Department has been reopened. The work 
has bean of great value. 



Methodist Church of Canada, 

Mission Headquarters, Toronto, Canada. 

REV. GEO. E. HARTWELL writes from Chentu, 
West China, October 16, 1890: "Yesterday 
(Sunday) was a busy day. At ten o'clock the 
Christians met for prayers; at half-past ten the 
doors were opened, the gong beaten, and in a short 
time about two hundred people were assembled to 
hear a sermon from the text, Luke 4. 18, 19. At 
twelve o'clock, ere the public service was dismissed, 
an invitation was given to all who so desired to 
remain for the Sunday school. Over sixty visitors 
remained, making, with our regular attendance, 
about one hundred and fifty souls. Here was the 
harvest ripe for teaching, but so few to enter with 
the sickle. The sickness of Dr. Smith deprives the 
Sunday school of two earnest workers. The ladies 
of the Woman's Missionary Society give valuable 
assistance. The schoolboys and girls increase the 
interest in this department by their hearty singing. 

" At 4 p. m. a service was held in the hospital ward. 
One boy, fifteen or sixteen years old, who has 
a bad sore, exhibits a great interest in what he is 
taught. His pale face shines with genuine pleasure 
as we approach to teach him some verse of a hymn 
or of Scripture. He has smoked opium, partly, no 
doubt, to alleviate the pain, yet he had that awful 
chain about him. What a struggle he was hav- 
ing 1 On the one side, a disease very difficult to heal, 
and on the other, a habit most difficult to overcome. 
The brave little fellow seemed determined to con- 
quer, and says when he gets well he wants to come 
over to the school and study. 

"Another patient addicted to the opium habit 
came purposely to break off. He said he had made 
six attempts, and failed, and just as he was despair- 
ing hi 8 elder brother came home and said that he 
had broken off opium in our hospital. Though sev- 
eral days' journey distant, he decided to come and 
try. The hymn chosen for that afternoon was, 
'Take me as I am,' and was very fitting. It 
taught him that in his own strength he could not 
overcome, but that Jesus was willing to take him, 
weak as he was, and purify him. 

" The dispensary is opened three times a week by 
Dr. Ewan. These dispensary days afford an excel- 
lent opportunity for preaching. Here the most 
pitiable objects mingle with those dressed in their 
silks. Thus, day by day, in dispensary and ward, in 
church and chapel, in school and guest room, the 
seeds are being sown." 



96 



Recommended Books. 



Eeoommended Book*. 

Xinito, A Story of the Bible in Mexico ; Izilda, A 
Story of Brazil ; Tatong, The Little Slave Girl of 
Korea. Here are three missionary books, written 
by Annie Maria Barnes, and published by the Pres- 
byterian Committee of Publication, at Richmond, Va. 
The price of the first is 90 cents ; the second, $1 ; 
the third, $1.25. All three of the books give con- 
siderable instruction respecting the customs and 
religious belief of the people, which is presented in a 
very entertaining manner. They will be interesting 
to young people, and are excellent books for Sunday 
school libraries. We trust the writer will give us 
books, written in the same style, relating to Japan, 
China, India, and other countries. 

Lights and Shadows qfjfisxion Work in the Far J?a*t y 
by S. H. Chester, D.D. Published by the Presbyterian 
Committee of Publication, Richmond, Va. Price, 
75 cents. These are the Record of Observations 
made during a visit to the Southern Presbyterian 
missions in Japan, China, and Korea, in the year 
1897, made by the Secretary of Foreign Missions of 
the Southern Presbyterian Church. The observa- 
tions evidence a careful study of both the people 
and the problems connected with their evangeliza- 
tion, and a keen insight into the difficulties that 
confront the missionaries. In writing of Japan he 
says: 

" In the streets of Nagasaki I met a native gentle- 
man dressed in a Derby hat, a steam-laundered shirt 
and collar, a silk cravat, and over these a linen 
duster. The upper half of him was thus Christian]}' 
arrayed, but the lower half of him was not arrayed 
at all. lie was a walking allegory. Japan is civilized 
at the top, but not at the bottom. Out in the coun- 
try, among the common people, one sees many more 
relics of primitive savagery than among the Chinese, 
or even the Koreans. She is also civilized on the 
outside, but not yet on the inside to any great degree. 
And whether this external civilization of ours will, 
in the long run, do her more good than evil depends 
on whether we shnll succeed in our effort to give 
with it our Christian religion, which alone can effect 
that regeneration of character which can make 
Japan, or any other nation, truly civilized and great." 

The Dragon i Image, and Demon, by Rev. II. C. Du 
Bose. Published by the Presbyterian Committee of 
Publication, Richmond, Va. Price, $1. The book 
was published by A. C. Armstrong «ft Co. at $2, 
and when first issued we cordially commended it. 
It is now issued by the Southern Presbyterian Pub- 
lishing House at only $1, and at this price should 
have a large sale. The writer has been for many years 
a missionary in China, understands well what he is 
writing about, and presents his information about 
the "Three Religions " clearly. He says: "The 
name chosen is the most exact representation that 
could be found of what each system is. The 
* Dragon ' is the emblem of China and its State 
Church ; the ' Image ' is a synonym for the Indian 
religion— it matters little the size, color, or name of 
the image ; and the term ' Demon ' is Taoism in a 
nutshell." The 1*7 illustrations add much to the 
interest and value of the book. 

Tillage Lif* in China, by Arthur H. Smith, D.D. 
Published by the Fleming II. Revell Company. 
Price, $3. The author gives much valuable in- 



formation respecting the people of China. In his 
preface he says: "These chapters are written from 
the standpoint of one who, by an extended experi- 
ence in China, has come to feel a profound respect 
for the numerous admirable qualities of the Chinese, 
and to entertain for many of them a high personal 
esteem. An unexampled past lies behind this great 
race, and before it there may lie a wonderful future. 
Ere that can be realized, however, there are many 
disabilities which must be removed. The Chinese 
village is the empire in small, and when that has 
been surveyed we shall be in a better condition to 
suggest a remedy for whatever needs amendment." 
Parti is devoted to "The Village, Its Institutions, 
Usages, and Public Characters." Part II describes 
" Village Family Life." Part III tells "What Christi- 
anity can do for China." Dr. Smith is much 
aged by the outlook, and says : " We consider It 
tain that what Christianity has done for Us It will 
do for the Chinese, and under conditions far now 
favorable, by reason of the high vitalizatlon of the 

■ age in which we live, its unfettered communication, 
and the rapid transfusion of intellectual and spiritual 
forces." 
A Junior' 1 8 Experience in Missionary Lands, by 

' B. B. Comegys, Jr., contains several letters by 
ber of a Boys' Mission Band during a year's 
with his father around the world, written to the 
band from the mission fields of Syria, Persia, India, 
Siam, China, Korea, and Japan. The letters are 
entertaining and calculated to increase an Interest 
in mission work, especially showing its great need. 
The illustrations are probably made from photo- 
graphs taken by an amateur photographer, as most 
of them are indistinct. Published by the Fleming H- 
Revell Company at fifty cents. 

The Sky Wot, by Ralph Connor, is published by 
the Fleming n. Revell Company at $1.25. It is the 
story of people living in the " foothill " country at 
the base of the Rocky Mountains, deriving their sup- 
port chiefly from their herds of cattle, and greatly 
needing the refining influences of churches and 
schools. Into one community a young home mis- 
sionary entered and by his Christlike devotion 
brought about a great change. How this was done is 
told in a thrilling manner. We hope the book will 
have a lurge circulation. ■ 

Jfixsionary Annals of the Xineteenih Century, by D. 
L. Leonard, D.D., published by F. M. Barton, Cleve- 
land, O. Price, $1.50. The book is a condensed 
history of the mission work of the century, and as 
complete as could be expected in the compass of 

200 pages, after 00 pages have been devoted to mis- 
sions in early and mediaeval times, the begin- 
nings of modern missions, and the missions that 
were begun during the decade 1 790-1799. The in- 
formation is given by decades, and the closing chap- 
ters show what has been accomplished in the different 
countries from the beginning. The author has de- 
voted himself to the study of missions for twenty 
years, and his book will be a very valuable work of 
reference for all students of missions. Its maps, 
portraits of famous missionaries, and scenes from 
mission lands add to its usefulness. 



GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS. 



MARCH, 1900. 



THIRTEEN YEARS IN OTTH ITALY MISSION. 



. WILLIAM NOT, I'.D. 



t l'RIL. 1886, aa pastor o( Do Kalb Ave 



1 fliureh, Brooklyn, 



&% 



entertained the 

One week later, 

April 14,1886, 

we sailed tor 

I :.ilv ■, la l.i v- 
i-i pool, iiinv- 

in.- atVenlee, 

■ 

once, ■ 'ii the 
eve atng of 
I bs Wth, in 

1 lonferenee, 
whichopened 

.in 1 i 1 . - follow - 

irere cordial- 

the Venice 
station by 
.1 .1 hi. L M. Vernon. We 
r 10 Italy because the argent claims of 
■ Uteslon bad been presented to us in 
1 that we Felt ii was our duty 
i' could have Ufted the curtail) 
i l. ...l.i"! il.iwn 1 1 l ,-. .= 1 : - 1 1 i|'"S" years, we 
ulit If We would have bail the courage to 
1 forward in fare of all the difficulties 

■■■■. i I n called to encounter. 

■ we are glad we want, and firmly 
qui going was in obedle to 

■ ■ ■■■ 1. is All 

. history of the founding "1 tbe 

i'y Mission Is familiar Dr. Charles El- 

d <■> advocate a mission to Italy as 

IS, It was not, however, until 

that tlie subject was favorably reported 

M by the Board. In March, 1871, Dr. L. 

Vernon was appointed by Bishop Amen 

■ at ••! the Italy Mission of the 

[etnodisl Episcopal Church The superin- 

it Bret to Genoa, and then moved 

. Bologna, Services were formally fnau- 

it, .1 Deoembei 1878, and the Annual 



■v^ruiiz'-d by Bishop Merrill 



Oonterei 
in 1891, 

The crrotunataneea at the beginning of the 
Mission were peculiarly Battering, Italy 
was awaking out nf ;t long Bleep, and was in 
rebellion against her oppressor ■-, and espe- 
cially against the papacy. Many thought 
iIj.ii the revolution woe not only political, 
but Intensely religious. Hence nearly all 
the evanganoal denominations in 
Into the popular current without strictly de- 
Bning their work or plans of operation. 

If we had been content at that time with 
leas apparent fruits, and had laid wild foun- 
dations in suitable buildings and schools, 
and bad taken due to organize the work, 
according to the principles and usages of our 
Church, no doubt the results would nave 
been much more satisfactory. When the 
first excitement of the revolution bad pawed, 
and Hi" reaction had set In through the In- 
fluence of the papal party to regain its grip 
'in the people, It was found that the results 
itlon.asa religious reformation, 
were much less tlmn was at first supposed. 
It may be easy for us at this distance to note 
the mistakes of other.-, It wo had been there 
ilii' mistakes might have been much more 
serious, 

Our first duty on arriving in Italy was t ■ 
study lie.' hiugiui^r, the wm-k, miii thu th-ld. 

Baton the dose of the Conference atYenice 
we iv. re convinced that the Aral 

was a school for the preparatl I young 

men for our ministry. 

Hitherto ex-priests, ax-Waldenslana, and 
others had been employed as rM ■ ; nodfst 
ministers. Borne of them were good and 
learned men, but they bad no genuine eym- 

path] tor each other, and tin teptton ol 

the spirit and methoils of our Church, In 
our work as presiding elder of the Milan 
District we were more and more convinced of 
the absolute need of ministers prepared in 
heart and mind for our work; hence we lie- 
came urgent in our requests to the bishops 
and to the Missionary Office. 



After inucb correspondence i: 
to open the proposed theological school at 
Florence, and our residence was transferred 
to that city in order to organize the school, 
and, in addition to our work as presiding 
elder, to lend a hand in teaching. The Rev. 
]>r.E. 8. Steaipola became ltetatpreetdont. 

For many reasons the school did not suc- 
ceed at Florence as we desired, though some 
young men prepared there are now memben 
ot our Conference, and are doing excellent 
work in the ministry. Ed 1W1 the school 
was moved to Rome, where it has been undei 
the care and direction of Dr. N. W. Clark. 
At present there are altogether 11 young 
men graduates of our school in the Confer- 
ence. It is now only a question ol 
years when the Italy Conference will be com- ! 
posed of men who are marching together for 
the conquest of Italy, because animated by 
the same spirit and employing the sume 
methods. 

Since the ministers were not of us, neither 
were the members of our church Methodists, 
Our little congregations were made up of 
people gathered from all quarters and from 
various motives. Some of thera bad been 
Plymoutbists, sume Waldensians and some 
had come from the Romish Church aud from 
the world of sin and unbelief. Neither the 
form of worship nor the methods of work 
wore Methodistie. Our places of worship 
were generally little balls in narrow streets, 
back of dirty courts or up a flight of stairs. 

We realized thiit the task before Ufl was B 
very difficult one. It nienntpntting founda- 
tions under a building already constructed. 
It meant the changing of the system and 
pirson.nr! of the Mission, and at the same 
time maintaining the confidence of the 
Church at borne. It meant to patiently bear 
the criticisms that were sure to be made on 
the work — not from 18S8, when we were put 
in charge, but from 1S72 to 18!»9. It meant 
to be held responsible before the Church for 
many mistakes made by others contrary to 
our advice. It meant misunderstandings 
Md threatened censure at a time when one 
Was almost crashed to the earth with bur- 
dens too heavy to be borne. But thanks be 
to GM tor bit abundant grace, We hare 
h.-iTi able through Ids help to do all and bear 
all for liii glory alone. We regret that the 
results ure no greater than they are, but 
when we Bum them all up, in face of the tre- 
mendous difficulties, we bft our hearts to 
God in sincere thankfulness. 



It is said that Socrates preferred to meas- 
ure bis attainments, not by the verdict of his 
friends who criticised him, but by the 
ion of his enemies and by the fear be b 
spired in them. 

Never before have the Vatican papers and 
authorities given so much attention to 
Protestant work in Italy as during the past 
two or three years, and their attacks have 
been directed almost '-xclusivi 
There is not an agency or means which 
Satan is capable of inventing which they do 
not make use of to defeat our work. 8ft ■>- 
ertheless we succeed, 

Tlie Tablet, a Roman Catholic paper "f 
London, speaking of our work in Rome, and 
especially of that done through our l»>v-' 
and girls' schools, said that " Protestantism 
is spreading in Homo like a drop of oil," and 
that if its progress was not soon arreated 
the second decade of the twentieth century 
would seealarge part of the population Of 
Rome Protectant. It said also thnt for every 
boy and for every girl in our Bohoohl the 
Romish Church lost u whole family and 
sometimes more. 

After much pleading we obtained an 
appropriation for property at Milan. In 
one week after the dedication, by Bishop 
Fowler, of the present church on the pop- 
ular thoroughfare, Corso Garibaldi, the 
Methodist Episcopal Church was known 
throughout the city. We now have in that 
magnificent city two prosperous congrega- 
tions and a mission supported by friends of 
the First Church. 

The Rev, J. Page Happs, nn English 
clergyman, attending service one Sunday 
evening not long since in our First Church, 
Milan, said that during bis pastorate of 
thirty years he had never before seen a con- 
givgidion which came so near his ideal or 
the primitive Church. What we need in 
Milan to-day is a large place capable of no. 
commodating at least one thousand five. 
hundred people. We could fill ft immedi- 
ately. The field is white and ready to tho 
harvest. If wc had to report for the thir- 
teen years oidy our success in Milan, wo 
have abundant reason for thankfuln< 
Qod, 

We have procured also a tine property and 
built a new church at Turin, and at Baa 
Harzano, and finally the magnificent plant 
in Ihe eily of Rome. 

Our building in Rome Is admired by all 
Americans who have seen it. It is worth 






Thirteen Years in Our Italy J£is#ion. 99 

every cent it cost because of the confidence ! churches should take an Interest In the 
It inspires In our American Methodists who great benevolences of the Church and 
come to Borne. They are, as a rule, people especially in the missionary collection and 
of culture and means, leaders In our work at the Children's Day collection, which have 
home. One said, " The sight of that build- ! steadily increased every year since. Then 
log stiffens my spinal column." Others, ' wo urged that every church should pay at 
" This is a splendid investment. I believe least its own local expenses, that the people 
in this kind of mission work." "Before should buy our papers and books and pay as 
looking upon this pile my heart was sick be- much as possible toward the education of 
cause of what I have seen In Borne. Now 1 1 their children. 

have hope." "What a magnificent post- In 1887 the sum total of all money collected 
tlon I How did you ever get it ? It means on the field amounted to $917.78. Last year 
purpose and permanence." the collection amounted to $3,288.82, and 

Bishop Qoodsell said, " Our great build- the sum total of all local receipts including 
Ing in Borne is the beginning of a wise und tuition in schools, was $16,345.22. Is not 
successful propaganda. Until that was . this a fair showing of growth toward self- 
built we were firing at a rock-ribbed fort support? Our membership ut present is 
from rifle pits." 1,630 in full connection and 090 proba- 

We were convinced that if we ever in- tioners. Total, 2,326. Conversions reported 
tended to do anything iu Bome wo must lost year, 656. Sunday school scholars and 
have the necessary appliances for thorough teachers, 1,190. The following tabic gives 
work. We have been offered enough for us un interesting contrast: 

the plant to pay back all that it has cost, — j ; 

pay the debt, and then put $20,000 in the ■ i J "S 3 . I g, 

missionary treasury. | jj g Jg s ' *t ^1 

But before consenting to such a step, the ? = ! * &|i ™ ■ ^ I !■» 

Missionary Society should pull down the • |J 1 jili i 31 -— 1^ 
banner of her divine commission to evangel- 2 <K £ ' 5 *££■ £-2 i,"$ <% \ is 
ize this world. , ' — ~ ~ j i " 

An English lady, member of the Angli- ' ' I i 

can Church, having confidence in the future ixm ski ihi l.nn s'j suit ;s *52,ooo sik^sst f30,23i 
of our work, gave to us for tho Missionary : , | , I | I I 

Society a property in Venice worth about' | j 

sixteen thousand dollars, which is now our imrukjb a»-j,3as i,iw ib,s*i23 ■•w,ow injur MM 
"Boys* Industrial School." II j I ] j 

Twelve years ago there were no schools or j ■ I , | 

press connected with the work. Now we . 

have a modest publishing house, a thcolog- | 

leal school, a boys' college, a boys' Indus- s™. ™ R» Ii'JS «! m«! +k sim.uoo 

trial school, a girls' home school, a young 

ladles' college, five elementary schools, and , ,"~ " ~~' 

a day nnrsery. We have also a fund for I J ai.ua sijii 

the support of our retired ministers. We ' I | 'I ! 

have Just published two editions of u new | : '■ 

Methodist Hymnal, 632 hymns, one with Of the 834,026 appropriated for the work in 
hymns and music and the other with the 1899 we must deduct tho sum appropriated 
hymns only. for those departments of the work which did 

The work has been extended into Switzcr- not exist in 1888, as for instance, the thoo- 
land, and to Trieste, Austria, All these logical school, tho boys' college, tho in- 
added institutions and this extension of the duatrtal school, and tho press, total $8,500, 
work have been accomplished with con- leaving only $20,426 or $10,01)0 less than in 
stoutly diminishing appropriations. 1888. 

When we arrived on the field, there hud Our success cannot yet \>e measured by 
been no missionary collection, nor collei-tiun simple statistics, though these are eitcmir- 
for education, nor for preachers' aid, and all aging. Among the most encouraging iiidi- 
pnblications were free. cations of our success and of promise for the 

Our first care was that the ministers and future we would mention the following: 



100 



nirt.ru Tean in Ow Italy Uittioi 



1 . The preparation of future leaders in our 

BOhOOlB. 

2. Tli>- presence a 1 ready among our minis- 
ters of 11 young men trained In our schools 

3. Our changed positinri, e.-peeuilly -;ri." 

tin' erection 61 our new building in Botne. 

Til- Liberals, Who would ) it friends, 

have more ooafldenoa In our future. We 
are better known than bvot before, sod we 
enjoy the sincere sympathy of thousands of 
Italian patriots. The king himself has 
- • - ■ i - 1 1 occasions expressed Ue interest In 
out work, end has lately given MO Cranes to 
educate ■ boy in our school. 

■i. Our changed position among the ana- 
geuoal denomlnatknu In Italy. Tbeaucoess 
of ©ur Church in any country la nol slroptj 
in that which Bhe has accomplished directly 
but uJflo In that which in the providence of 
God she has been called to accomplish 

through her Influent i Bister Churches. 

...,!.■ bare the obaerratlotu of one 
ot our ministers: 

Twelve years ago BO OM could qmll ol 00 in- 
fluence, for we wrn- InBiwiwefl Instead at eserUni 
nn tofltienceoii DtheH. 

Bat now we can speak ot our influence which Is 
being exerted la lbs following partlcnlers i 

(«,) We have introduced the clement of joy iulu 

( Ibriatlin worship. 

Tberelsmore fervor and enthusiasm In llic singing. 
The sermons are rendered mere interesting and ef- 
fi-clive by means of illustrations awl direct appeals 
i" ihi' In srl and oonaclenee. 

(6.) We have introduced the custom of giving as a 
part Of Christian worship. 

{•-.) We are exercising a most salutary Influence la 
,,..-,,.,.,,,,. to the activity o( the laity in all the 
Hiiiri'li.-s. 

(</.} Our Influence, however, is betas Wt BWal la 
our seaaonsof ri'vivid, wtil'h we pray Ood to bless 
to his glory in all the churches. 

Our urgent neede are; 

1. Honey with which to pay the debt on 
our building at Borne. 

Let this be one object of the "Twentieth 
Century Thank-offering." Certainly the 
great Methodist Episcopal Church has Prot- 
estant fervor enough to payoff In live years, 
if not in one year, everycent <>r said debt 
It can be done, and it must be done. 

We alreadj bare several 

hi the building, and we shall be glad to add 
others. 

■-'. A 1 'iii I' ling tot ill*' Young Ladies' 
School, Rome. We cannot accent one half 
of the young ladies who ate askiug admis- 
sion to our school. We have two or three 



splendid offers of property for sale. Who 
will furnish the necessary 345,000 ? 

3. A bnilding for the preparat" 
mentof our Boys' Cpll 

not rent a place, but we can buy 
tags. We need about H 5,000. Who will 
honor himself and bis Lord by giving this 
building, and naming It, Tor our college In 

4. it--] | ■ for our struggling, heroic chorea 

mi S. .MiirzntKi Oliveto. 

B. A up'"' pfi-j.;-, engine, and 
publishing bouse. 

0. Scholarships tor boys and girls who a 
not pay full tuition and board Inoui n 

Full Hair 

Scholarship, fiobola 
Per rear. Per Tea 

Theological School .MSO 

Young Ladles'.. 140 

Boys' < DUeffS, T5 

■ ■:■■ Behool BO 

Bars' Industrie! Bebool.. . BB 
After nearly fourteen years ol study I 

work t-ii the Held, we are coavi -.1 i 

there Uyio Church better adapted by to d 
trtnes, spirit, usages, and orgai 
take Hi" lead in the work of evangelisation 
in Italy than the Methodist Episcopal. 
Whenever we have bad a fair (rial we 1 
succeeded. Last among the denomtnalji 
to enter the Held wt 
plane among the leaders. 
But how shall we assure success i 

1. By serving notice Immedli 
Vatican that we are there t.> stay, h ■■ 
then) that we do not Intend to rem 
do uot succeed, the Jesuits will worry us Tor 
awhile wins to the us out Lei us repeat 
with Victor Emmanuel "CI sia 
Btererno 1 ["Here we are, ami ■ ■ 
remain"). 

2. By putting enough of capital Into t 
enterprise to make it. pay, and then d 
the Indigenous resources along those I 
[or which the people are willing to pay— 
class Christian schools for boys and girl> 

The field is white to the harvest, t 
faithful little band Is looking heaveaw 
for the enduement of power 

Lot the Church courageously meet i 
demands of the hour, and the victor; H 
be the salvation of Italy. 

■ ban never hew 

Inn thi:y bear wlthont a prew 
Lord Almighty, give I lie wi> 



A 



(101) 
ANGLO-SAXON MISSIONS AND MISSIONARIES IN EUROPE. 

BY REV. M. V. B. KNOX, D.D. 

HUNDRED years after the great move- ' his spirit was caught up by some monks 
ment in Celtic evangelization, a kindred attached to him as pupils, Willibrord and 
movement began among the newly con- twelve other Anglo-Saxons sailing, in 6U0, 
verted Anglo-Saxons. These people, though I direct from Ireland to the mouth of the 
two centuries away from their kindred over- ; Rhine. Willibrord was but thirty-two years 
sea, yearned toward them of the home land, old, yet his abundant success proved him to 
Pippin of France, having conquered many of be the right man for so important a mission. 
the Frisians, was anxious, in order to bring , Thousands were led to forsake their pagan 
them into submissive dependents, to have ways, and he baptized them. He was soon 
them converted to Christianity. He ap- appointed bishop, fixing his episcopal seat 
pealed to English Christians for help to this at Utrecht, and, with powers enlarged to 
end, thus cementing the kindly feeling be- that of metropolitan, appointed numbers of 
tween those two great peoples, the French suffragan bishops among the Frisians. At- 
and English, whose place for hundreds of tempting the conversion of the Danes, but 
years was to be the most prominent in west- failing, lie bought thirty boys to educate as 
era Europe. ' future apostles of their country. At one 

Wilfrid, a man most disturbing in the time among the Frisians Willibrord bap- 
religious life of England, was the first promi- ; tized three converts in a spring sacred to the 
nent Anglo-Saxon to do missionary work on deities, which so alarmed the natives that 
the Continent. Though Bishop of North- they demanded the life of the missionary 
umbria, he was not permitted to continue his , as a sacrifice for the profanation. This the 
episcopal duties, and, appealing to the pope I king denied, but permitted lots to be cast, 
for his rights, dared not go through France and this falling upon one of his companions, 
owing to royal hatred both there and at ! the monk's blood was shed to appease the 
home. He sought to pass around France ' wrath of the gods. 

through Friesland and Germany, but was ! Two Anglo-Saxon brothers, by the name 
detained a winter in the former country. ' of Ewald, determined to penetrate the wild 
Using the opportunity to teach the kind tribes till they reached the Old Saxons, 
king Adelgise and his people the truths of Reaching the frontier, they we r^ entertained 
the Gospel, ho baptized some of the nobles ! by a village reeve while they sent word to 
and several thousands of their retainers. ! the ealdorman of the district seeking per- 

Ebroin, mayor of the palace of Austrasia ' mission to enter his domains for missionary 
and Burgundy, having heard that Wilfrid ; purposes. But pagan priests, watching them 
was stopping with the king of Friesland, at their devotions and fearing for their 
sent a message offering a bushel of gold chieftain, brutally murdered them. This 
coin to have Wilfrid delivered into his so enraged the chief that he executed the 
hands. At a banquet, when the messengers murderers and utterly destroyed their vil- 
of Ebroin, Wilfrid, his own nobles, and a lage. Pippin, the French king, obtained 
large company were present, the pagan king their bodies and held over them at Cologne 
read the letter in the presence of all, and, a magnificent funeral. 

tearing it in pieces, exclaimed, "Thus may Other Anglo-Saxon missionaries were more 
the Creator tear, destroy, and consume the fortunate in not being sacrificed by the 
perjurer and traitor!" From Friesland Wil- jealous barbarians. Swidbert successfully 
frid made his journey in safety. | labored for years in the duchy of Berg ; Adel- 

Another Northumbrian followed Wilfrid's bert, of royal Northumbrian blood, chose 
example. Ecgbert, like thousands of other to go to the north of Holland, and met with 
young Anglo-Saxons, sought in Ireland the , most pleasing results; to the Batavians the 
culture not to be obtained in England. He ' gospel was preached by Werenfrid, and three 
soon won a high reputation for scholarship others from England led the people of Guel- 
and devotion. He was seized with a passion- dres to Christ. 

ate desire to lead the people of North Gcr- j While these missionaries wero mostly 
many to the cross, but was providentially Northumbrians, the Celtic spirit having been 
hindered from risking his already enfeebled caught by them both in Ireland and at 
strength in so arduous an undertaking. But 1 home, the man best designated as the 



IW 



Anglo-Saxon Missions and Missionaries i" Ewopc 



i West Saxon, 
Boniface. He grew up, hi* Anglo-Saxon 
Dame being Winfrid, an earnest, devout 
Btudent 

Hearing of the work of Willibronl, he 
went to Friesland, but waa compelled 
through changed brought by local nn, to 
[land. Here great honors were 
offered him, but meekly rejecting them, he 
went to Rome, seeking the jwijie's uuthoiily 
tor another essay of missionary work. This 
woa eagerly given, and Winfrid, now taatim 
Ing the name of Boniface, went to Willibronl 
ill Utrecht, and fur thive years diligently 
labored With him. Willibrord desired liiru 
aa his successor, but, rejecting this proposi- 
tion, Boniface pushed into the interior of 
Germany, among the Hessians and Old 
Saxons, fulfllliugin this the purpose of the 
pope. This wtis about 71*. 

Through the varied limitations of native 
poverty, the stern climate, and the caprice 
of the pagans, he persisted, and dually saw 
thousands converted. Rome, hearing of his 
called hlra there, mode him 
bishop, sent him back to the German for- 
ests, imd soon made him archbishop. He 
made Mcntz his headquarters. His au- 
thority was not only over Germany, bat ovar 
the French clergy aswnli Xa Charles Hartal, 
mayor of France, he found an ardent, power- 
ful helper. In return he introduced reforms 
among the French clergy, and they were 
woefully in need of it. 

Boniface, as his work expanded, sent 
eager word to England for helpers, and 
souls glowing with evangelistic zeal went 
oUt to aid the enthusiastic missionary. 
Those missionaries were repeating many of 
tli-' conditions of the same work a-* now: 
varied toll, poor food, banishment from 

home, ii Is in some eases supplied from 

the home land, in danger from the na- 
tives, not a few of them meeting violent 
death. In one fray of a hostile tribe, do 
less than thirty churches were destroyed. 
si an example for his suffragana 
to found religious houses for the education 
of native workers, then, as now, these being 
needed to carry forward the work. The 
most noted of these monasteries was one 
founded by Boui race himself— Fulda— which 
in grandeur of results rivaled Luxeull and St 
Gall. In this monastery Boniface was burled. 

It is toll! that on his return from Rome he 
round tome of his converts had relapsed, 
owing, he learned, to the idolatrous rites per- 



formed under a huge, venerable oak that they 
deemed sacred. Calling his monks to assist, 
Boniface began cutting down the tree. « hUc 
the frightened people watched to - ■ 

result of the contest, as they dem 1 it. Iie- 

tween the-r old gods and the one whom IJoni- 
facepreached. A strong wind helped On ■ 
fldent axmen, for Boon the revered monarch 
fell, crashing to pieces, which the nativ.-a 
seeing, they lost faith in the old and ac- 
cepted the new. 

Then, too, as now, the need of women 
workers was felt, and the farseeing primate 
solicited them [rum England, Dumb) 

whom earns, establishing abbeys In Frau- 

conla, Bavaria, Thuringin, ani 

Germany. 

But the end of this long missionary life 
was approaching. Having ordained I>ul- 
lus, an Anglo-Saxon, as his successor, Boni- 
face, now a venerable patriarch, de ■■ 
the Rhine with a considerable company to 
East Friesland to preach to the pagans of 
that country. As in other regions, snores- 
attended his efforts, and on Pentocoel 
as the company awaited in a great tent ou u 
plain the coming of the converts to baptism, 
(here rushed toward them instead an armed 
body of Frisians. Tin' laymen of his company 
Instantly prepared to defend themselves, but 
Boniface bade them put up their swords, 
and going out of the tent calmly faced the 
Inevitable death that came at onee to him 
and all his company. Thus died this niag- 
nilieent missionary. If plunder was an in- 
centive for this attack, the robbers found 
not treasures, but only a few boobs of which 
they, in their Ignorance, could make no one. 

The death of these missionaries waa 
speedily avenged by those of the Frisians: 
who had kindly listened to them. FuMn 
even yet possesses three Looks that Boni- 
face had with him at his death— a Bible, it 
Harmony of the Gospels, and a letter from 
Pope Leo— the last stained with the mission- 
ary's very blood. With the same spirit, 
Willebad, » Northumbrian priest, landed 
seventeen years later at, the very spot of the 
murder of Boniface and kissed the sod that 
had been wet with the blood of the martyrs, 
then with grandest success led the FrisianB 
bi the cross. He pushed beyond Friesland, 
planting missions on the banks of the Ems, 
Weser, and Elbe. Though at times his work 
was checked by the eruptions of tho brutal 
Old Saxons, the churches destroyed, and his 
help slain, Willebad was enabled, by the aid 






Reminiscences of Work in Our India Mission. 



103 



and protection of Charlemagne, to succeed in 
those regions. Out of his episcopal home 
&rew the city of Bremen. 

Germany, by the zeal and high daring of 
the Anglo-Saxon missionaries, having been 
Christianized, there remained of the Teu- 
tonic people yet pagan Denmark, Sweden, 
and Norway. About the middle of the tenth 
century, Sigfrid, from York, went, at the 
request of King Olaf Scotkonnung, to Swe- 
den, where he soon baptized that prince and 
his army. The country was organized into 
five episcopal sees by Sigfrid, and the con- 
version of the people steadily went on. 
Numbers of the missionaries were martyrs 
to their calling, among them three nephews 
of the primate. 



Denmark was not so easily led to Christ, 
since numbers of workers were sent from 
Bremen without permanent success. Later, 
Canute brought Anglo-Saxon priests from 
England, and by his great authority en- 
abled them to persevere. Norway was the 
last of the Teutonic nations to give up 
its old belief. Olaf, one of its kings, in 
a piratical expedition, was converted by a 
hermit of Scilly Islands, and then made it 
the object of his reign to lead his people 
into the new way. By his laws he brushed 
aside the old worship and the priests of 
Woden, and found in Grimkele, an Anglo- 
Saxon priest whom he made bishop of Dron- 
theim, and in others from England, the onea 
who finally Christianized Norway. 



REMINISCENCES OF WORK IN OUR INDIA MISSION. 

BY REV. J. L. HUMPHREY, M.D. 

IN a previous article I gave an account of ' we began our work. Wo commenced preach* 
the circumstances that led to the open- ing the Gospel to the people directly in their 
ing of our work in Budaon, in January, , own language as our first and most impor- 
1860. In this I propose to note the progress tant work. Then, as secondary to this, we 
of events during this first year of this mis- , opened schools for the young of both sexes, 
sion station. Budaon is a densely populated , so far as our means would permit. Nothing 
section of country lying to the south of Ba- could be more firmly settled in our mind 



reilly District, between it and the river Gan- 
ges. It is generally fertile, with good facili- 



than that our first great business was to go 
to the people everywhere carrying to them 



ties for irrigation either by temporary wells the Gospel message. 

or streams. We sought out convenient places where 

It is a beautiful section of country, con- , we could gather the people and tell them of 
taining several cities, of which Budaon is Jesus the mighty to save. Wo told them 
the chief, and is the headquarters of the that we are all sinners, high and low, rich 
local government. The government courts, and poor, and that Jesus is the only Saviour 
the headquarters of police, the treasury are of sinful men, and that he can save the low- 
located here. It is the residence of the fam- j est and vilest. It was a glorious message 
ilies of the government officials and a few for people like these to whom we had come, 
others. It had at that time eight or ten ( On one occasion a venerable old man, a 
European families, with a foreign population Brahman, as I closed my sermon, fell down 
of twenty or twenty-five in all. It had beau- ' and embraced my feet, and, with tears, said, 
tlful gardens, excellently paved and well- ( " How glad I am that I have lived to this 
shaded streets. day to hear such gracious words." 

The city has a population of 30,000, and j I made a tour to Fathigarh, about sixty 
is the official center of a district containing miles distant, an old mission station of our 
600,000 people. It has some fairly good Presbyterian brethren, situated on the other 
buildings; among them is a mosque that is side of the Ganges. Four mission families 
widely celebrated. In the cities and larger living there when the mutiny broke out fell 
towns the population is mixed, consisting of . victims to the fiendish hate of the Nana 
Hindus and Mohammedans. In the rural Sahib and his followers. 



portions they are mostly Hindus divided up 
Into the usual castes. 



I met Mr. Fullerton and Mr. Scott, mis- 
sionaries then residing there, and spent a 



Our first object was to finish our partially few days in their delightful families. It was 
built residence and get ready for the ap- . a great pleasure to see their fine large 
preaching hot weather. In the meantime , school, under Mr. Fullerton's charge, and 



104 



/.'■'Kfu'tcttices of "Work in Our India Missic 



tin- l.-ii'K" native Christian congregation, of 
which Mr. Boott had especial charge. I 
gained numy hints in regard to mission pol- 
icy and administration that were of great 
service to ffifl in after years. 

I also obtained from them a very valuable 
native preacher, With whom I was most 
closely anil intimately connected for a good 
cumber of years, and whom I came to regard 
very highly. 

Just before the close of the cold season I 
took a hasty tour out into the western part 
of the district, visiting some of the larger 
and more Important towns in that direction. 
In one place, after preaching to a great 
crowd of people, a Tew bright lads came to 
our tent for tract*. One of them could read 
very well, and seemed much interested. He 
was an interesting boy, and I felt my heart 
strongly drawn out toward him. In a short 
time after our return to Budaon he came to 
see me, and It so happened that we wanted 
a teacher lor n class ot people in a part of the 
city who seemed inclined to become Chris- 
tians. It occurred to mo that ho would do 
nicely us a teacher for this school. 

This young boy at length became a Chris- 
tian, ami iu course of time a preacher anda 
member of Conference, and a few years ago 
wo used often to see his name appended to 
hymns appearing now and then in our native 
paper. Ho is now a member of the North- 
west India Conference. I refer to Be v. 
Chimman Lai. The little school that be 
taught was tt humble beginning of what has 
proved a great work. From among the class 
of people he began with at that time eight 
or nine thousand have beeome Christians. 

Bud twin has been one of our most fruitful 
fields. It has been cultivated by some of 
our most success ful missionaries, as Doctors 
T. J. Scott, now of Baroilly; Hoskins, of 
Cawupore ; Neeld, now on furlough in United 
States of America; P. T. Wilson, deceased, 
and Thomas, of Agra. During my resi- 
dence there I built a neat arid commodious 
chapel which served us well for both Hin- 
dustani and English services on Sunday, 
and for school during the weak. 

I also built n small structure in the heart 
Of the city, which served a3 a preaching 
place and a schoolhouse. In November 
Bev. Samuel Knowles anil Joseph Fieldbrave 
came over from Bareilly, and naoompudad 
Enoch Barge and myself to the great mela, 
known as " Puran STasie," held on the bank 
of the Ganges, about twelve miles distant 



from Budaon. On our side of the river it. 
was estimated that there vera a takh 
(100,000} of people eneamped, while across- 
the river, .m the Oppwrita bank, were many 
more. It was thought by officers of govern- 
ment, present that there were not law than 
150,000. These vast multitudes came largely 
for religious purposes, though then- were 
many engaged in trade. The Brahmuns and 
religious mendicants of every conceivable 
sort were there in full force aud did a thriv- 
ing business. 

There wus much time spent in bathing and 
performing religious ceremonies. Families 
living at a distance from the Sacred Hothei 
Ganges often bring the ashes of their dead 
at this time and cast them into the sacred 
waters of this river under the belief that it 
would bear them to a happier clime. At 
night they put out on the water little light* 
to guide the spirits of departed friends on 
their lonely journey to an unknown world. 
It fs a tiaie of pleasure as well as of sadness, 
and this goes on for eight or ten days. It 
is a good time for preaching and mingling 
with the people. 

Years afterward I met a man, far away in 
the jungles at the foot of the mountains, who 
suid he heard the preaching first at one of 
these melas. Algura, a religious teacher, 
heard the Gospel from some one of the 
Fathigarh missionaries wlm perished in tin- 
mutiny, on an occasion like this, and when 
dying he told his people if missionaries ever 
came into Bohilcund to go to them for In- 
struction. 

Some of his people came to us as soon as 
we began our work In Moradabad, and 
many of our first native Christians were 
from among this people, as the seed of the 
sowing of those who had sealed their testi- 
mony with their blood. Our annual meeting 
at the closeof this year was held in Bareilly, 
when we were returned to that station and 
Brother Knowles was sent to Budaon. 

In my next I will note some of our expe- 
riences during the year that followed. 



" i , m in- it them from Ihc earth's highway. 

Crowns for llitf Saviour's brow ; 
Genu that sparkle more brlftht than d»J, 
Crowns for the Sav tear's brow. 
Radiant crowns mid glorious, 
Crowns for Christ victorious— 
Crowns (or Hie brow, 
Crowns for the brow, 
Crowns for the Saviour's brow.™ 



AX ILLUSTRATION OF THE REFLEX ACTION OF MISSIONS, 



Star 

Utti 
thin 

nods i 

Djdn 

«pa& 
who,( 



told 
[or. 

ooul< 

onlle 

, ,. : „1 



Iiv l:i:v. EBSE8T «. 

I. 'I:INii the early part of 1808 a Cuban 

gentleman, with his family of small 

Id»B Itae mother having died some 

i"iisly.t, (ill of whom had U-l-ii 

ft nearly destitute by the destruction of his 

property by tilt- Spanish soldiery, felt hlm- 

tr directed to seek an asylum in the United 

Sr.al-- ■, having a s'Ui ami a steps- m ■ J r. | il- >> ■-. I 

of the principal Xow England cities. 
\- ii. was at the time when matters were 
lOBilng (i Uttie Btralned between the 

otted BtatesandSpain.Mr.X found the 

procuring of b passport a by i leans easy 

thing. Standing one afternoon in a drug 

Trinidad, the governor and his stuff 

i(«li' by. Among his staff imppenedtobcan 

Id acquaintance "f Mr. X . The recog- 

jiLiii.mil, and through this friend 
laport whs promised by the governor, 
discovering that a brother of Mr. X— — 
ii;>.i bean a friend of his, promised to mall 
i h'- passport to Cienfucgos, thus saving him 
xpense. Reaching Oienfuegoa, 

ir. X obtained passage on the last 

ler leaving before the blockade, having 
it a few hours to spare, and arrived safely 
New York indue time. 
About the same time, in the New England 
to which Mr. X- — was being led, a 
rgyninn who had been connected ninny 
ag" with the Argentina iSouth Amer- 
flfiaalon, was strangely wrought upon to 
;e up n review of the Bpanlsh language, 
while not knowing why this impression 
given, the impulse wits obeyed. Long- 
books were looked up, and two or 
months proved enough to bring back 
fluency In the long-untiBed tongue. 
Sitting one morning in his study, he was 
told that a Cuban gentleman was in the par- 
lor. Wondering who the unknown visitor 
add be, and what he could want, but in- 
taneously recalling the strange prompt- 
Just mentioned, Mr. B greeted the 

iller, who proved to be the Mr. X al- 

i.-uily named. Introducing himself, he said 

lie ii.nl been ti.lt! by someone that Mr. B 

could talk Spanish, and as he was unable to 
speak a word of English, he hud taken the 
liberty of calling bo as to have some one to 
whom he could tell his wishes and with 
whom he could speak. 

The seemingly chance acquaintance ri- 
pened into friendship. Mr. X and his six 



WKI.I.KM.l-\-Wh>l t.V. 

children, the eldest but sixteen and the 
youngest flv< , also hie stepson (the son bar- 
ing moved Up Montana) began to attend Mr. 

B 's church, being most attentive to the 

rending of Scripture in their own language, 
iIm- ii-xt ninl ii iiiii-i' explanation being also 
given. The children joined the Sunday 
school and began to pick up a little English, 
proving unusually bright and intelligent. 

Afters tow months Hr. X — expressed a 
desire to have the live younger children 
placed in a home where they would be edu- 
cated and well trained. By this time Prot- 
estantism, of wbloh he had never Been any 
fruits before, and of which he knew nothing 
except from occasional reading, had begun 

to impress Mr. X as a religion which 

meant very much more than he had ever 
seen in Romanism. He was attracted to its 
faith and teachings, and stated that if the 
children could be placed in a Protestant, 
home and thus trained he would be quite 
satisfied. 

No such home in Home for Cubans) was 
known to Mr. B , but He who ever an- 
swers prayer, and whose hand bad thus far 
wo ndrously directed every step taken by this 
Father and his family, one afternoon directed 

Mr. B to call at a home where he had 

never before called— a family which did not 
belong to his own congregation and never 
attended bin church. Here he was inci- 
dentally led to mention the interesting Cu- 
ban family who were attending his church, 
and, without a thought as to results, he also 

Stated the desire of Mr. X- , and was us- 

t..iii.-lietl ami ivji.i.-ed at tin- reply : " Ii you 
want such a home there is one on Macon 
Street, Brooklyn, where a Mrs. Solden has 
sustained a home for destitute Cuban chil- 
dren for the past eight or ten years." Truly . 
God is good, and his ways are wonderful. 

Mia. Balden was at once written to, and 
though seriously embarrassed by the pros- 
pect of increasing her family by so large an 
addition, and without knowing from what 
human source the funds would come with 
which to provide for them, consented Bo re- 
eeive (hem. 

Thus far God had led the way, owning the 
path step by step. But he was sboul to do 
much more. The proprietors of several of 
the leading stores were made willing to pro- 
vide clothing and shoes with which to fit out 




106 



s,lf-\upjH)H in Misnon*. 



Hi-- ohildnn. TLe New York, Sew Haven, 

iiinl Urn ifunl lidilri'dil most. £curi"ii^ly gave 
passes to the whole family, the express com- 
pany franked nil their worldly possessions, 
and the children reached the Home n year 
ago last November, to spend together, with a 
number of most Interesting Cuban children, 
under the loving care of Mrs. Selden and her 
sister, a year which has not only proved the 
children remarkably intelligent, but has 
brought all out of Romanism to Christ. 

Mr. X returned to Cuba last spring, 

leaving his eldest daughter at the Home, 
who, with her three sisters, write constantly 

to Mr. B , expressing their great joy in 

Jesus Christ as their Saviour and Lord, and 
their Inexpressible thankfulness to all who 
have been used to lead them from the 
darkness of the past to the light of the 
present. 

In a recent letter occurred the following : 
" The Spanish have all these centuries most 
cruelly oppressed us, but we hare now 
learned that the most cruel bunlen of all 
has been the superstition and absurdities 
with whieh they have burdened our hearts, 
and some day wo hope to go back toour own 
land to tell our people about the goodness 
of Jesus." 

Without question the bringing to Christ 
of this whole family (for the father and step- 



son are also professed followers of Christ 
the latter, who returned after the WSJ Bo 
Cuba, writes that be hopes to visit the United 
Suites this spring, and In be received ititi. 

tin' membership of Mr. B 's church) Is a 

result of Argentina Methodist Episcopal mis- 
sions, where the pastor alluded to spent 
some of the most blessed years of his life, 
learning the language and gaining a knowl- 
edge ot the Spanish people whieh has mnny 
a time bean of great service. 

God works through foreign missions and 
in tu fureign iiiiiSj.il nisi in many ways; seldom, 
however, have Hod's leadings been more 
clearly manifest than hi the present ui-tjun ■■ ■. 
in which, from beginning to the present, di- 
vine leading has been wonderfully shown. 
That the resultswill not continue is not nip> 
posable. The probabilities are that some, if 
not all. the children will return to Cubfl 01 
to sortie other SpiinUh-s peaking country, to 
work for the Saviour. 

Foreign missions— let all of us remeniU-r 
this— act upon men and women far beyotid 

the limits of the individual fields. Ol I 

the most successful missionaries In I<orjdon, 
a workman who has led hundreds to Christ, 
was converted in the Seaman's Mission back 
of the former Methodist Episcopal church 
on dalle Cangallo, Buenos Ayres, To Ood 
be all the glory. 



BELF-JStTFPOBT TX MISSIONS. 



THE subject of seir-si 
occupying the atteutiou < 



BV REV. DON 

■upport in missions is 
of those most 
interested in missions as never before, I 
take it that a desire to hasten the day of 
self-support in missions docs not indicate a 
lack of interest, nor a desire to relieve the 
Church of the privilege of contributing to 
this noble cause. It would be a sad day for 
the Church in the "home land" if she 
should even withhold her hand in contribu- 
ting to the spread of the Gospel to the ends 
of the earth. To create self-support in mis- 
sion fields means the ability to multiply 
consecrated workers in destitute fields where 
millions are that have never heard the mes- 
sage of salvation in Jesus 's name. 

It is no reflection on a general in the army 
to change his tactics, having found other 
and better methods by which to rout the 
enemy and tak'> the fortress at the least ]ios- 
sible cost. The best of men make failures, 



but wise is that man who profits by 
failure, by inaugurating wiser and better 

The plan of mission work heretofore in 

China has been, and still is, to pnniiinlly 
support the work in every detail from Hinds 
given by the Church at home. This method 
may have been wise- in other days, but I 
question the wisdom of it now. One thing 
is very evident to those familiar with mis- 
sion work in China, and that i*. by Bud) 
methods self-support will never be realized, 
at least not in our day. No child ewr 
learned to walk by being carried in its 
mother's arms. Mother's arms wen' inclin- 
able to assist the tottering infant in the 
first stages in learning to walk, but they 
were only needed to help steady the child, 
and not to carry ft. 

So in mission work there is danger 
that the mother— the Missionary Society— 






S,Ij '-ni/jijjort in MU«ioti«, 



IltK 

Q>| 

arj 
am 

H..i 
Che 



may carry the child so long thai !ta limbs 
may become useless, ami the child dwarfed 
and made helpless all it- days. The ebild 
gains strength with every effort put forth iu 
its own behalf. 

I might, if necessary, give the names ol 
obarehefl built and entirely supported by 
the Missionary Society, to the paying the 
snlaryof their pas tor, sexton, for lights, hymn 

Ixn-iks, <un.l Sunday school lesson help-; 

ill these I'huri'hi.'s, after ten, fifteen, and 
I wenty years, are no n-iircr self-support than 
when they began. The membership has 
been dwarfed and made perfectly dependent 
HI 1 "'! the Mj-.-i'iriiiry Society to provide 
i- very thing tor them, and often to the ex- 
tent of wanting the Church to give thorn a 
Means of livelihood. In such eases mother's 

adoBsa has greatly ex.. led her wisd.-m. 

01 ON- i>f tlU'S.' I'll 1|"S utU-l .'ill Lh"s. 

■iii • has become self-supporting, only us 

rlny are supported by the missionaries and 

those employed by tin: Missionary Society. 

Thisi* a aad picture and one well worth] 

■i"i[- i-ritisidi'i-.-itiiiii ; hut sadder 

-till, tin- bearing tl ntlre expense of these 

:■■ the Missionary Society robs 
people of their independence and man- 
hood, and makes them dependent upon the 
Church, rather than the Church dependent 
upon them. In other words, we make them 
Church mendicants. 

The brightest and most influential Chris- 
tians we have are those who from the begin- 
ning of their Christian experience have 
been taught, to share in the support of the 
GroepeL These men have the interest of 
the Cliui.li at heart, and their faithfulness 
and loyalty to the cause of Christ may be 
depended upon under ail circumstances, 
No less authority than that veteran mission- 
ary, Dr. Griffith John, says: "The brightest 
id best Christians they have in connec- 
tion with their mission are the fruits of 
ttn-ir work iii Hunan established along 
tli" line of self-support, where th" native b 
take tli" larger part of the support of the 
Church." 

Church has had its slowest growth in 
Where the Missionary Society has 
ie the entire expense of the work-, and In 
Of these .'filters have we reached to 
nt the better and more influential 
There must be something wrong 
policy when we are confronted with 
Maastateot affairs and so many years of 

II and sacrifice. These i-hurehes, built bv 



107 



111" lii--i-iti;ivy Society i N 1 1> [ undent of the 
people are looked upon as foreign churches 
and qoJ 'i belonginfl to th" people, and the 
people in attending these churches do so 
feeling that they mv allowed by the grace 
of the foreigner, and not with that feeling of 
just pride that they are a part of the Charon. 
How different it is where the people have 
shared the burden of building and Bupport- 
ingthe church. They occupy theft paw not 
a* a mendicant, hut as "a child of the 
King," and an Interested In every phase 
of the work of the church. 

In eiI I these <li u n lies where the expense is 
borne by the Missionary Society, when * 
broom, a lamp chimney, a lamp ittek is 
needed, the missionary is called upon t.o fur- 
iosi i tin si' iii tii'h-s i .lit iif Mission appropria- 
tions, and all the interest seemingly the 
twenty, thirty, or fifty members have iu the 
church is to aid the missionary in spending 
the Mission appropriation. One tin nf oil in 
a self -supporting church— with just as good 
lights— will go as far as two in a church sup- 
ported out of the Society funds, 

lam fully persuaded, after twelve years' 

axperieoeeand study ot the work on the mis- 
sion Held, that where the Missionary Society 
builds and maintains u church Independent 

of native help that it is mi injury rather than 
a benefit to the people. The MissiouarySo- 
ciety should hold itself in readiness to grant 
aid (just as the Church Extension Society 
does at home) to struggling churches in 
building and supporting the work until the 
people are fairly well on their feet. But in 
all such cases the natives should be required 
to take the lend. It is poor charity to boar 
the burdens of those that are able to bear 
them themselves. 

I have noted a deeper spiritof gratefulness 
on the part of those struggling under a bur- 
den after they had done their best — when 
the Missionary Society comes to them mid 
says, " W« will not let you fail iu your noble 
undertaking, but will help you out by shar- 
ing the burden with you "—than is manifes- 
ted on the part of the members where the 
Society has borne the entire burden. 

1 note again, that native preachera, sup- 
ported entirely out or f is appropriated by 

the Missionary Society, take far less interest 
in the people, than they do when they are 
dependent upon the people for a goodly 
part of their support. 

When preachers are supported out of the 
general fund their salaries are fixed by the 



An Amount of ths Bahraich Mela. 



His 

missionaries Independent ^r the local I Thousands of dollars— «o 

shurchea they serve. This is not In bar- Judge by visible results are couceruec 

toony with the polity of the Methodist Epis- have been wasted. The establishing i 

copal Church. Let the offieiul boards In oanrohea by such a policy makes eneajtlt 

dues circuits and stations fix the salaries, sod not friends. 

and then let the Missionary Society aid It in true that there are exceptions to n 

them In meeting the amount, and thtuoui above rule, but they an not numero 

members will be brought Id sympathy and When we hare waited to build nm.ii i 

touoh with the whole machinery of the | pie have beoome Interested and wan 

Church; then aud not till then may we hope ready to aid In building the church, vary 

to build up a strong, Intelligent, selfreup- instance the friendship of the people has 

porting work in China, been gained and the Church baa grown. 

The Sflsslonarj Bootety woold do well to Let the General Commit tec make nppro- 

pass a law— in so far as it relates to China, prinliutis to tin- Missions i ri Cliina on a basis 



u open no more stations until b native 
stitiieney is created of sufficient strength to 
meet at least half of the necessary espense 
of .'airying on that work. We have built a 
number of churches in places where we had 
?n. membership, many of them under con- 
sular protection in the midst of a hostile 
!>eo|>ie. Ten, twenty, and more years have 
passed, ami in many or these communi- 
ties we own our property and nothing else. 



of adollar for every dollar raised on the field, 
and stick t- Bach n poUey and in o vary law 
years a wonderful change will have taken 
place in the jHTsvnnet of our members, nnd 
self-support will Ijo rapidly bt'oii^lit n I « nit. 
Continue the old riyhu-- mid twenty years 
hence will still find us a weak, dependent 
Church looking to the Missionary Society 
[or support 
Nanehang. China, December 18, 1698. 



AX ACCOUNT OF THE IJAHRAUli MELA. 



siiuhi.i In iti-iii Christina I'olli-Re, Luck now, nulla. 

DURING the summer vacation, when I also. And because the people of botbm 

went home, I was present at this mela assemble here, this mela can be counted 

which was held in June. I will first tell one or the largest melas. 
you why this mela takes plaee every year. The story about Said Salar Is that 

In Bahraich itself there was a tank by the comes out every year or his tomb 

name of Suraj Kuud. This place was eon- a bath, and then is married to hjs former 

sidered very sacred by the Hindus. Bain- wife, to whom he was married in hi- life- 

rak wns their leader, or guru. A picture of time, and then goes back into the tomb. 

the -mi was engraved on the stone which This mela lasts for a full week, and the 

was put near the tank. On the day when chief day is Obauthl, or the day of marriage, 

the eclipse of the sun took plaee all Hindus, when a good many people from nearly every 

mon, women, old aud young, from east and part of the country assemble there. 
west, used to assemble here to worship that Now I will tell you what the chief objeets 

stone and to nib their noses on it. are which are worth noticing in this ineln. 

When Said Salar saw all this he planned The first thing, lettue mention. are ihe res. 

that he would take possession or this land ervoirs which are all attached t<p the bound- 

and introduce Islam. This Said Salar was ary wall of the tomb, in which the dirty 

the king of Ghazci. At the age of twenty water which is sprinkled on the tomb comes 

he devoted himseir to the study or his reli- through the lanes into them. A number ol 

gion. nnd when he was only twenty-three Lepers are seen bathing in that dirty, defiled 

years old he came to Bah mirk and fought water, with the idea that their leprosy will 

with Bataruk. and both died in the battle, be cured, and they say that every year 

They are both burled In one compound. some four or five lepers are cured by wasb- 

Balnruk is worshiped by the Hindus and ing themselves In those ponds. For the 

Said Salar by Mohammedans, because they last six years I have been in that mela, bat 

consider he died as a martyr. But Hindus, I have not seen with my own <-y<-* a single 

through their ignorance, worship Said Salar leper aired, though I have heard of many. 



:>eiety 
beds* 

It In- 
take. 



Tin Bahnth-h Met,,. 



ary of this tomb. People who want to gain 
their object fold their hands together and 

Ik 'lulu to that tree in order that their 
Irishes may be fulfilled. Hundreds of people 
are thus seen asking for something with 
rii.i, full belief in Bald Salar. 

Tin- third tldug that ia seen Lying there 
is a bala (au ornament for the ear) made 
of stone. This bala, it ia said, was worn by 
Said Salar in the ear. It Is some three or 
r maunds in weight. It is just like a 
ii.iiht..ii,- with a hole in the middle, ir is 
said that whosoever can lift it upas high as 
hi* chest with one hand, whatever he de- 
- from .Said Salar will be given t" htm, 
whether a son, or a daughter, a horse, or 
any other thiug ; but it is especially meant 
for them who have no children. 

N','\r soma the very large flags tiiat are 
-II in this mela. Those who have suc- 
kled In gaining their objects from Said 
«lar bring these flags to offer them on his 
mb. They bring them dancing and play- 
ing on the drum or some other musical In- 
strument, and it seems to be a sort of fun 
instead of a religious ceremony, and it is 
very amusing to see those women who are 
haunted by the evil spirit and are whipped 
so that the evil spirit may be driven away. 

Tii.-y ve their heads backward and for- 

ward like a man who is mad, and till they 
are well beaten they don't confess that they 
have gotten rid of such a spirit. 

At tin- largest gate of the compound then.' 
Il ■ chain suspended In the middle. People 
berore entering Into the compound kiss it 
and rub their eyes on it. There is a mosque 
within which Said Malar is buried, and such 
a shower of coins, cowries, and khutias is 
thrown on it that the government has put 
I very long sheet of iron on it, in order 
th.-it the money may not fall on the other 
-He 

Every alternate year an exhibition is also 
h>'hi i.> order of the government in eon- 
n-.-.'ti'in with this me la. For every heal pro- 
duction and for the ln-~t hived "I animal- 
Of this province prizes are fixed. A very 
nice building has been built for the same 
poi|r, >-<■ by the Rajah of Nanpara, a little less 
after of a mile from the mosque. 
This increases Tie- crowd in the mela. Many 
extraordinary things are seen in this exhi- 
bition, such as a three-legged goat, a cock 
pith one l**g, etc, Wrestling, races ami 



■ ithei s|-nt- ai" also held. This mela is 
very interesting. 



The Bahraicli Main. 

BY 8E0HOK PETEBS, 

sturteut m Jtelu Christum OoDtfe, Luakaow, I odla. 

IT is well known that this mela is held 
annually in Hie month of June, and 
that from 10,000 to 80,000 people attend it. 
They come from all parts of Northern 
India, including Nepal, Bengal, and Cen- 
tral Provinces. The pilgrimsnre not limited 
to any caste, creed, sect, or nationality. 
Both Hindus and Mohammedans pay equal 
tribute of respect to the tomb. 

It is a strange sight to see the people 
coming two or three days l>efore Hie Said's 
wedding. All the public roads are often 
bl. -eked up by the pilgrims, who leisurely 
cany large flags, with music and singing on 
the way; oven in places twenty or thirty 
miles away many can be seen and the 
crowds of pilgrims move gradually toward 
Bahraich. 

The place Knott is surrounded by numer- 
ous lepers, beggars, and diseased persons, 
who have great faith m the healing power 
of the water which flows out after the wash- 
ing of the tomb. Hundreds of people who 
have some special favor to ask at, the Said's 
tomb come all the way Rinnan ring their 
length on the ground, while their friends 
keep fanning them on the way. 

Every year then is rumor that two or 
three lepers are cured, hut I have found that 
pretended cure is nothing but the change In 
the appeannOBOf the limb caused by their 
immersion Into the water which changes 
their outward appearance for a short, time. 
Tlits is sufficient to keep up the Ignorant 
belief in the miraculous power of the tomb. 



We 






Tben weave tin- Mbt Wttll a 

Lite's rohe ill-spun 

is M'crandMM i 

The robe we weave we weai 
ffl pass llils way tiut -nice. 

The a live to-day thy best. 
In all you do 
Be kind iiml tnw, 

Wttli Hod leave all tin- rest. 
We pass ililn way but oaee. 

Tlie ripened III] I HI white 
lias waited tout 
The reaper's »Dff, 

Thrust in thy sickle !>rlir!i(. 



(11") 

SOUTHERN ASIA METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONS. 
The Field. I Butler, D.D., in 1858, Tbi 

rE Southern Asia Missions nre am- toto 8™ Conferences and occupj 'in- BumA 
■ I in India nod Malaysia. The Important cities, as well at i 
ocnsusof 1691 gave bo the British Provinces towns and villages Id 18M they were px- 
uf [adis (Including tended int., Mnliiy-i;i m si: 

Banna) an area of Btehon lamas Ullls Xho1 I'.i' 

wi+.iwiiiiquuivuiilos LLP. i" Hi-hop of India nod Mala; 
. , j . j ., population of "'"' l,i - reaid«iioa at Bombs 
■i.i.\ Ffl.952; Feuda- 




-. ry or Nai I ve 
Htmsaaot India 594,- 

square miles, 

and a popnlati f 

a total 
■ ■■! square 
mil.-, and b popu- 
UiUon of 287,193,350. 
In addition i" these figures i partial census 
of some remote portions gave as approxi- 
mate population "f 901,910 t" British terri- 
tory, and 607,710 bo native territory. 

..i. nt religion in India la thai of 
the Hindus. The census of 1891 gave the 
following figures; 

Hindus arMM,OT 

1I,.1i:.i..ih-1jmi- JT/WU'H 

Aiiimlslir 

7.1HI,flfll 

Christian* 

Stfctia i.i«i;.-:i:: 

Jait.s . . l.-mi.M- 

Panda ... . BMW 

Otbm «|Tffl 



Bombay Oouference. 



[>.»., 



Towl nr,anM>l 

Victoria, Queen o! Cheat Britain and 
Ireland, i- Empress of India. Tic ad- 
ministration of the Indian Empire lb 
England is Intrusted in a Beeratarj of 
State tbi India, aaslsted by a council <■! 
n^i less than ten members. The supreme I wu discontinued, a.s e. Varden had died, t E. 

exocutfve authority In India Is vested in a i. uort ocated at bis own reqiuw w f"efcn> 

Qovernor General, or 'Viceroy, and his coun- 1 ko™ w«» reported ns aupri'iiumi-rnry am] <■ i 

,-il The present Governor General of India Stone bb superannuated. The • ati - reported 

is Baron Curaon of Kedleston, i.i.vi memt.cn*. an im-n^- ,*u*>; *.wi*< ■ 

Malaysia Includes the peninsula of Ma- ■» •aersasa of. i,aso ; ictMSunds; 



tiiiu hi BaMsmbsd nortli otil 

■ -T'liy-BfiL 
puaUe] "f latitude. Mis-Ion WOT* was eomiueuced 
In 1872, ami lbs i onS ■■■: Decem- 

ber 92, LB9S. 

Ma»a» 

Rev. Henrv W. Ruiii-riiild and Mrs. Mui". 
Butterfleld, ft-v. William E. I.. Clarke and Mrs. 
Etertln Mil- Clarke, Rev. John O. Denning and 
Mrs. Sluryiini l:.\ihm I i.-nniiiu, Kov, Frank K. 
HVH, M.H, ion! Mr,. Kli/iilH-tli' Clack Fell, Rev. 

imuici ii. f..s in;.: Mi.- Ellen Warner Fox, Rev. 

Edwin P. Frease ami Mrs. Ella Bans l"i & 

William II. Oreni'ti rind Mrs. I i ; :■ 

llreiii.ii. Rev. TI-..HU,- M Hudson sad Mr.-. T. M. 

!!:■.:-■■ II. . Thwuus s. .I.,],,,-..,,. Ml.).. Bl.tl Mr.. 

Amanda Whit marsh Johnson. Rev. I.civi- Kdnln 

Llnxell and Mrs. Philn K< 

\ Moon and Mrs. Lsuni \\ I ■ ■■;■ ■ 

; ,. :incl Mrs. Grace 1 1 
iM-nret' \\ . V. ['ark iiin.l Mr-. i-j.i- ■ 
T>i,rk, Rvv William K. P.nl.l.im. io .. 
Miles Robbins, Rev. Willmiu H. St-|,i ■ 
Anna Thompson Si-|.ln-ns. II. v Wi .:■■ 
and Mrs. Annie Slclsoi, Waller, I;- 
Ward an,] Mrs. Ii C Ward. U.v. Fr- ■.!.■.■„ k W,„.! 
uml Mrs. F, Wm..l n„ t„,l.„„,l,- Ii, , 
Briierenml Mrs i lli.v.Thom«» 

r. Fisher. Rev. (iconre I. Slnne and 
Mark Stone. 

A-.M u. Mums... 
The serenlh tieuion of the Homhay Annual Con- 
ference was held al Poona, Deeembei ■ 
Bishop Thoburn ]>n*aidlng. Fr-ilcrick Wood and 
Robert i ■ Ward wen received -v. ti 



n in. 



i and the Islands ot Singapore, Javi 
Borneo, Sumatra, Celebes, New Guinea, the '",i,"i iriiv 
PhlUpplnes, and tin other Islands southeast I am™ m 
of ieia. Inhabited chiefly by the Mais 
Host of the Islands an under the control " l " m l , , ,'„.." 
of (treat Britain, Holland, Germany, 
the United Btates. The natives are ■-■■ Q 
.■illy Mohammedans, and they number pet" rsm V.'.. 

>oo,ooo, i «a* 

The Methodist EptBOopal Missions In I ^£2£?£5lJZ!Z2 
India were commenced by Bev. William w«a 



o[!WS. The full-jwiiiLi ivi iv iliu ai,]i,.h.N 



II s- r . ■ | .. 1 , r- , i 



',hnI. iLTJit I'ufl. II 

-. OTanoba KhawJoJI. Karachi. 
Ficlil Ke«Hii> Mlnaloo. poiipllfd bjr 
II. tn he aappllnl, nuawrll, (i, B. 
iiirch.n.Oshomei M 
a*re'. fhrl«Inn Ituys 1 s,hnnl and 
Taylor High School tor Bo)-s.«o|i. 




Bombay Conference. 




i Dinwcr.-T. S. Johnson, P. E. 



•ran. Pant Bingh. Uubmrn mil Hanla. lo t* supplied. 
JabaJpur, T. B. JoIiihud. JabaJpur English Churt-h. TV. It. 
OrenoD. Eamptl and Xstrpur. W. L. Clarke. Khandwa, F, 

wlckr Bot»' School, J. 0. Denning. 

OlJiHAT DlBTUlCT.— E. P. Freaae, P. E. Ahmcdutuul 
and Evangelistic School. E. P. Ftwr. Baroda. and Hoy*" 
Hoarding School, T. P. Planer. Oudhrn, K. C. Ward. Ka- 
padvanj. to be supplied. MalJ River. T. H. Hudouu. Nadlad. 

Ke 111 UTS, DecBXBEH, 1899. 

Bombay District.— Rev. Dennis Osborne, Presid- 
ing Elder, reports: "Theyear has been fnllotunfore- 
•ten changes In tha jwraMUMf of our work. In March 
Mrs. Tboburn, after a long and anxious illness, was 
compelled to leave for home. She was accompanied 
as far as England by Mrs. Huteblugs, Su|ierititend- 
ent of OQr Anglo-Indian Hume in Poona, broken 
down ihrou«h overwork. In April Rev. I. F. 
Row, supplying the pastorate of Bowen Church, 
Bombay, became disabled and was obliged to leave 
fir England. Mrs. Dowllng, of the Seamen's Mis- 
sion at Karachi, was driven home 1 in mixl lately after 
from the same cause. In June Rev. W. W. Brucre 
and wife, overwhelmed by a great sorrow and 
broken In health, were obliged to leave for 
America. All these gaps In our working force 
necessitated rearrangement a which burdened those 
who remained. 

"The English church at Grant Road, Bombay, 
nnder Rev. W. II. Stephens, has grown In strength 
and In numbers, and harmony and spirituality 
i the people. The Bowen Cbnrch in 



Bombay, since the departure of Mr. Row, has been 
without a pastor, but all the services of the church 
have lieen efficiently maintained through tlie aid 
chiefly of our ministers of the city and of our 
capable lay preachers. In the church at Mazagon and 
at the Seamen's Rest Rev. F. Wood has lobored with 
success. The Marat hi Mission, ill Bombay, including 
the Tamil work and the city of Panwell across the 
harbor, has not recovered from the terrible attack of 
the plague which desolated it lost year and still 
lingers on the outskirts. There Is a steadily In- 
creasing congregation in Bombay, growing in 
divine grace and In the distinctive features of 
.Methodism, while evangelistic work In the city 
and suburbs has been carried un with encouraging 

"The Oujarotl Mission in the city was this year 
added to the district and placed In charge of Rev, F. 
Wood. This work has a very hopeful outlook. 
There have been several baptisms, and there are 
many inquirers. The Christians are growing la 
grace and Intelligence. Mr. Wood has also charge 
of a Hindustani mission in Slon, and among the 
Lascars I native sailors) in Bombay. 

" The work of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society has received much needed reinforcements, 
and has grown and developed new aspects of interest. 

" Igutpurl has been one of the centers of (he 
plague, and not withstanding this the work of both 
the English Church and the Hindi Mission has made 
progress. A Sunday school and a day school have 
been maintained. The land on which our church Is 
built has been purchased, and the p 
been repaired anil furnished. 



"The congregations in Kani'lii have grown, anil 
a soldiers' reading ami prayer lent has bMB added 
to the- work, while a pipe organ greatly assists In the 
services. There has been a revival in Ike Hindustani 
Mission, bulb amone the Gujarat! and Punjabi 
sweepers, resulting thus far iu 110 baptisms. Tin- 
work at the Seamen's Rest bus greatly prospered, 
and tbo committee are now considering the project 
of building a new Rest. 

" Id Quetta, Baluchistan, our local preachers have 
most efficiently carried on the services, and kept the 
church and pars, mage in excellent condition. 

"Poona has suffered greatly from the plague, yet 
the work of our English Church WM maintained 
without interruption, and the congregations were 
excellent. The Taylor High School for boys and 
girls, and the Anglo-Indian Home and Orphanage 
have grown in numbers and efficiency, without any 
loss iu tbe terrible epidemic. Lanaull, thirty-nine 
miles from Poona, has been regularly supplied with 
preaching. Our Christian boys' orphanage and 
vernacular school- have been ably superintended, 
the vernacular day schools being suspended for a 
while by government orders on aecount of the rav- 
ages ot the plague." 

Central l'noviscus DISTRICT.— Rev. T. S. John- 
son, M.D., Presiding Elder, reports: "While tbe 
Central Provinces and Berar have us yet suffered 
comparatively little from plague and floods, they 
have had, and are having, very severe affliction from 
famine. The government is doing, and will do, 
everything possible to save the people. 

" The sessions of the District Conference, held in 
Narslnghpur and Baslm, were seasons ot close per- 
sonai examination and Increase in spiritual life, 
promising increase in spiritual power uml future 
.success in the work. Interest among the people In 
the word of (Sod If more and more apparent, and In 
every part of the district there are promising indica- 
tions of a speedy advance. 

■■ In tin- J;itinlpnr English mirk every interest "1 
the Church has been well sustained, with an increase 
in the membership and Sunday school. In tile native 
• work the brethren have liibor.il faithfully. Among 
the persons baptized Ibis year was a Brahman of 
some education and Influence, win) has already be- 
come useful in our work. The Rlrls' Boarding 
School and Orphanage, numbering 230, has bud a 
Very successful year. The government Inspector 
gave a very good report, and the grant in aid was 
more than twice the sum of lust year. The dormi- 
tories and accompanying buildings for .100 girls 
have been completed, find tin- schoolhouse Is Hear- 
ing completion. 

"In Chlndwara there has been a complete rein- 
Imlon in the attitude ot the people toward Chris- 
tianity. Two young men, one of them a Brahman 

Sel I -t>. 'I teller, luiVe tv'fll baptized, urn] 111.' VollTli; 

teacher Is already preaching the flospel. A number 
of Inquirers are reported. 

" Tbe pustor at Narslnghpur reports that the peo- 
ple have little faith in their old rcliirion. They listen 
to the (loBpct more readily than ever before. Caste 
and custom are tbe great bonds that keep the people 



from accepting Christ. Nearly ever; house IB Nur- 
slnghpur is upeu to the zenana workers and fiftcrii 
to twenty Hilile women are needed. The Ilardwiclie 
Christian Boys' School In doing a splendid work. 
The boys, numbering over two hundred, are in 
school sis hours and in the workshop two hours 
a day. They are learning carpentry, slxs-makltiii. 
and tailoring, and some are making tine pn 
in drawing. 

•• lladaj-wara Circuit needs more workers. An 
opening has been made among the liond commu- 
nity, and 38 of them have beien baptized. The 
cliiirge of the llarda Circuit has been added to the: 
work ot the presiding elder, and monthly visits have 
been made. A new interest in the native work has 
been an opening among the Kurkoo people. Men — 
urea bave been taken looking In the transfer of our 
work in Harda to the Christian Mission. 

" In Kbandwa a good dormitory ami muk house 
for each of the two boarding schools, quarters tor 
training class students, mid a good iisi~.-i..ii bnngt> 
low, with outotflccs, have been erected. The great 
need Is an increase of reliable native worker*. 
Preaching on the Khandwa Bazaar is carried on witli 
great Interest and much promise. The hoWflllH 
schools have had u successful year. Money is needed 
to support Ihe students The famine has been 
severe In Khandwa. Rurhanpiir, and Baslni, and 
ihere is very little hop* of another harvest before 
October, IftOtl. 

"Id Burhanpur. early in the year, a number of 
probationers were influenced Id return to their caste 
brotherhood, but some of them have since conn- 
back, and others are asking to be received again 
Into the ChUroh. A number of new inquirers have 
been baptized, and there Is a very' encouraging open- 
ing among the (ionds. 

•' The English work In Nagpur has suffered loss 
because of the absence of the pastor, who removed 
to Kampti. The. native work has steadily increased, 
uml Hie Held is Very promising. In Kumpil Hie 
number ot baptisms, of inquirers and <•! Sunday- 
school scholars, arc in advance of previous years. 
The boys' boarding school has been raised to ; ,ti 
Anglo-vernacular school. The F.ngllsb congrega- 
tion is large, and the eon versions among the soldiers 
are frequent, (londla has been taken up as an out- 
stntlon to Kampti. 

"In Baslm both the boys' and girls' schools 
have had a prosperous year. The girls' MboOl is 
full, has not room for another girl, and there is 
room for but few more In the boys' sel i. Evan- 
gelistic work is kept up regularly in about seventy 
near villages, while others, farther away, are reached 
occasionally. The Held and opportunities ureulniust 
boundless, and the missionary staff should lie h> 
creased. The Christian coin inn nil J" is raising nioney 
for a new church. 

" There are needed at once on Ihe district five new 
missionaries In the work of I lie Parent Societj . three 
missionaries In the work of the Woman's Foreign 
Missionary Society, and two deaconesses. Titer* 
should also be Increased efforts to raise up and train 
native workers." 



Bombay Conference. 



113 



r Distkict. — Hot. E. F. Frame, Presiding 

Elder, reports: "During the past year plague has 

.1, f.ill.nvci] closely by famine over llio greater 

trict, and lu some places Hie two have 

walked hand in hand. One result of the famine 

,i!l In' wea In the largely decreased number of 

isms reported. At the beginning of the (amine 

U iii. j.lnl not to baptize any candidates during 

I Mfctttraanoe except iri a few well-known cases 

where I lie names had been recorded before the 

■ exported. Famine and plague aside, 

le no question but that the pros[iects fur 

v rapid increase of our work in Gujarat are brighter 

il any previous time, for in spite til bolh we 

■ occupying lo-day Irtli Tillages against 140 last 

jear. Il 1* a striking fact that the collections for 

ppott will show an iucTrense over last year, 

notwithstanding the double visitation. 

a fail iif ill man, and two Bible readers 

.imter MlS. Frcnse, considerable has beeu accolu 

l-ri~ln-.! in the city of Ahniedabad, while favorable 

■run:;- luiv.- I.j-i-il won iii the villages toward the 

t. The work of the JJaroda Circuit 

-i j.mi moved down the north bank of the Mahl 

i BritWl (■■rntory to the Isjundary of the 

Ida State, and during thu present year entrance 

- I.. <ni u.iiiu'd in vitiates over the boundary, in 

iplte of bitter persecution, in which the workers 

itave proven themselves men who can endure hard- 

■hips and suffering fur Christ's sake. The plague 

vi imide any decided advance on the 

■ ctrcnll difficult. Godhrnlsan im- 

ou a railroad that is being con- 

Th* western! of Godhra Circuit is north 

I iii \ltihi River, and Ibereanow nubclreult baa 

Hi to the south new work has been 

river banks. The missionary, using 

i inadequate supply or funds, did not at the 

ginning o( the year expect an advance, Yet 

w occupies Koine 4,-i villages against 38 last 

ports some interesting conversions 

ii - hit ttir DlH'.i brahman caste, and a wide 

r Menu opening among them. Kapadvanj Cir- 
uinl as the town was vacated on ac- 
plague we were unable to secure a 
I (nr ill-' sappl] until mar the close of the year. 
me lie resided lu an adjoining village, 
d dhl what work he could. 

'• Mahl River Circuit continues to be the center of 
i Important work. This year its territorial expan- 
ds been very considerable. The work lias been 
It established over the river toward Karoda. but 
is advance has beeu made in the face of much op- 
isiliou from certain village authorities and the 
atlve police. To the west there has beeu an evlen- 
* advance in a number of villages among the 
:s largely through the return of our Bombay 
a to their homes. A noteworthy develop- 
it in organization has been the appointment Of B 
■ward from each village, carefully selected. Their 
c at the (Quarterly < onl.iiii.cs was uotice- 
] we believe our problem of self-support will 
■ step toward solution when these 
nliy Christian village leaders, who are not 



and never expect to be in mission employ, assume 
the responsibility for the collections in place of the 
mission agents as at present. 

" Nadiad has extended to the northeast and to the 
west. The Opening to the west is In a densely po[v- 
ulated region, reported last year, has extended rap- 
idly, and now forms a large aubcircnil capable of 
extensive enlargement. Nadtad Is oue of our best 
centers, am! the development of the work has been 
I'Xcecdiugly rapid and encouraging. 

" The work of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Soci.lv has been carried on wlthJucreBsing success 
In the villages. The crying neefl for more women 
missionaries for the village work grows greater each 
year, and we arc still hoping for reinforcements. 

" It has been our policy to closely link our work. 
It is a support lo each Christian community to know 
they have fellow-Christians in all the surround- 
ing villages, and there Is economy of time, money, 
' and men resulting from the work under each mis- 
sionary being as compact as possible. When these 
eloslng-ln movements have beeu completed, as they 
should lie during the criming year, we will have a 
territory larger than any other district in India, in 
which there Is a large Christ ian community living In 
contiguous villages. More than this, ihe location of 
onr principal stations is such that we have been clos- 
ing in toward a well-defined center, so Hint when the 
movement is completed we shall, by working out- 
wardly, be ablu to rarer more than doable the terri- 
tory now occupied without any increase of mission- 
ary force. 

" About 00 boys have been received into the Boys' 
Boarding School and 70 girls Into the Girls' Boarding 
School, almost all of whom are Christian orphans, or 
ihe children of indigent Christian widows. Both 
schools are crowded and dormitories are needed. 1 
am convinced that every boy and girl in our board- 
ing schools should be taught some handicraft. 

"Both deportments of the evangelistic school for 
workers have made definite advance in grade and 
>-mVi.-n.-y. There has been a larger number of both 
riii-ii mill women in .itt.-Eiilioii'i' than In former years, 
atld the examining committees expressed great satis- 
faction with the progress made mid the general con- 
dition of the schools. Owing to the Increase of num- 
l--i-s the Bummer Training School was held in two 
sections in Ahnie (labad, the first session lasting Ave, 
and the second three weeks. In this way niost of the 
village exborters and pastor-teachers were able to 
■ in for one of the sessions, and the lotal attend- 
ance was 141, of whom S3 were men and 5U women. 
Ho factor has been more potent in patting our work 
on a stable ba.-i- than the Kvaiit'elistii- mid Sum- 
mer Training Schools. The village day and Sunday 
schools have suffered severely both from Ihe plague 
and famine. It has boen a year of extraordinary 
and serious difficulties in all departments, yet our 
victories never before have been so great." 

Asm* a i. Meeting. 
The eighth session of the Bombay Conference was 



114 



South India I '■■-. 



bain on December 18. The reports showed gome In- 
crease in members, probationers, and nltaappatl 
There was a decrease In the Dumber (if baptisms due 
10 famine and plague. A memorial was ordered 
. r 1 1., ii,. : Besom] CaafemiM asking for two addi- 
tional bishops for Southern Asia. The following 
Mere Hie appointments : 
iv.mnv in. r. Daunt* OAome, P. 1. P. ft, 

1'oona). Bombay; Unweu Church, Lewis E. Lluiel! ; 

■ 
.-rick W.i.-I- Mmailn Mft-iim. W. II. I^UpbMU, Bab- 
Ursa Bboale; Publishing House, to be supplied; Seu- 
mea'i tllfdon Mid eUiaeon, Frederick Wood, [fn» 
ipiuI. 11. W, lliilterllehl. Marallii Oti 

Kliiti Ji. Saltan Circuit, -iipi-lled by KhahaJI Clil- 

D«JL Karachi; W. D. Waller; Seamen's Mis-i"ii. sup- 
plied >.y W. 11 DovSbk- '■»"■"". t» lie Replied. 

i'n.'li.prn. .umill.-d by Clmran lis*. J'aiiwcll, G II. Kale, 

Poena; BneUSB ctimvii. Deanht Osbornei OnriaUu 
: Htr. D. 0. Ftei in utttal Mission, 

supplied by T 1:. V. Morton; Msratul Church and Mis- 
sion. W. E. Bobbins ; Taylor High School for Roys. 
supplied liy Ernest Clarke. Qurtta, to DC supplied. 
Supernumeraries, William Feistkorn. W. W. llruere. 

n srim. Provinces District.— T. 8. Johnson, 
]'. K. P.O., Japalpnr). Baslm. W. A. Kaon, Bmhan- 
pore. .Samuel Benjamin. Cblndwara. Paul Singh. 
Oadarwara. In be supplied. Hnrda, bl bo supplied. 
.labalpur; T. S. Johnson ; Bngnsh Chnrrh, W. II. 
iir-imri. Kmnpti, W. B. 1„ Clarke, Kb.-mdwa. F. R. 
r~lt. Pbandana, to !«■ siippllei!. N'agpiir, 10 be sup- 
plied by T. II. Cowsell. Xar-dnghpHr; J. O. Denning; 
Hardwlcke Roys' School. J. O. Denning. 

GUJARAT DiBTBH p. E. P. Pteaae, P- E. (P. O., 
Raroda Camp). Ahmedabiid, 10 lie (applied, Batata 
Circuit. T. If. Hudson, llaroda Hoys' Boarding and 
KvaimHisti.- BebOOta, E. F. Frease, Ynsaf DhanJI. 
C.odhra. Robert C.. Ward. KajiadvaiiJ. to Ik- supplied, 
Madiad. George W. Park. Od. robe supplied. TJnroth, 
to tie supplied. Vase, l.nkilmmn Dana. Watad, to be 



South India Conference, 

Til F, Boutn India Conference- includes the Madras 
y und all the territory DM iBOrncad 
. 1 oiifi.Tuii'i'. Mission work was com- 
menced In this portion of India in isr.1, and the 
c.iifrrciict- ivn- ,.1— :,F,i/i,l Nuveitiber 8, ISA 

UlBaMHMVM, 
Rcv.KnrlF.. Anderson, Bar. Win. 11. L. Baiatouc, 
M.D., and Mrs. Alice Nidiolls Beistone, Rev. John 
B. Buitrick and Mrs, Man Pease Bnttrkuc, Bar. 
Albert B. Cook and lira. Kdiili Lewis Cook, Rev. 
Charles W, R. DeSousii nud Mr- I 
DeSonza, Rev. David 0. Ernabenrer, Bar, Joseph 
H. Garden anil Mw Francis Brers Harden, Rev. 
Qeorge K. Gild.r. ft r. Win. 11. n<iin«i.T mid \ir.. 
Kraros f lodge BoUlster, R'i>'. Wm. 1.. KingandMrs. 
1 j Kin*. Rev. I!. II. Madden and Mrs 
EL H. Madden, Rer. Herbcii 1; ii/ai,n<- li.v. Km. 
Kiilirrtx, Ber, PnWOStl F. N. Slum ami Mrs. I'iiiv- 
line Hill Shaw, Rev. Mattbew Ttndsk and Mrs \i 
Tiinl.i!.-, I:, v. 1 liark'sll Wnr.l „,i,l Mrs. F.llfii Wi-leh 

Wanl. On fWI |*— Rev MtiIim-. «. !; = ■■:■-■ 1 . 

11 11 ,au. I Mi>. !■::, /.,!.. .Hi Thonmon Kmli.-ill. 

AVM-iI. HjDTTOta. 



■ ■ ' ■ ' ■ rti pmiiliUng A.T. Leouardaiid Mat- 

ihew TindMie were NeetTed ban tlx NorlliweM India 

I .:.: dm (A. T. Leonard was afterward 

ferred to the Bengal-Bonn Conta 

l.al Harris im received on trial ; Win. B. I 

was dlscontinueil. lknjuiniii Paters had dk . 

B, '["'in— ami died toon tfuf I unfewuu e). Im a_ 

Richards «as reported as snpernuinerary. Tbc stn- 

lisili s reported SW members, an llll !<■> 

l.lKhl ptocsjllonera, an increase of 335 ; 4.1W - 

school scholars, an increase of BIT. 

Tin- following were the appointments: 

(...i.AVK.j.v l>iSTRii-T.-G. K. Glider. P. E. 
pur; Industrial woik. ■upplled bj Win. Pluinl) ; Ht- 
|lllSIH|)ll. supplied by Thomas Franels; BimngelM ■ 
Work, Liattti L'tiriidaya. Rai|uii. Q. K. Glider. 8lr«n- 
tna, Ben]. Luke. \< .1111111111. Industrial Mission, t \. 
Ward; Teliigu Chuieli, Monala Naraaya; BSMnestWM 
Work, Kama Giiaiiappa, 

II Mini; \mi. DisTHHi. Wltllaui L Kb) 
Bldar, A. K. Cm*. BaBan, ttppUed by J. I'm fci ■ I 
barga and Raiiluir. l>. <>. Krusbergrr. Ilaldarahad ; 
English Chiuvh. W.H. 1.. BatstoDe; Blndnatani Mis- 
si™, Brangenstm Work, w. l. King, Mait^al La! Har- 
ili.; City School. W. H. L. BatstODe. Kopbal. Samuel 
Mali;iir. -irtiiuiliruluid: hn^llsh Church and Teltigu 
Mission, R. II. Madden. Shorapur. Sannppa Ilrsal. 
Vlkarabad, J. H. Garden. WoodalD, Kills Koberta. 

KnUIBaa IJihtiii.t.— ,1. B. Bnttrlck, P. K. BaiupK 
lore: KiiBlish Church. F. K. N. Sliaw; Kansri-. 
ami Tamil Circuit, to be supplied; Baldwin Utah 
Schools. T. 11 Tmissaiui idicd Jantiaiy ■£>. IKWi. Ron- 
ruit'[H:t. J. H. Ruttrlck. J, B. Tnrlcii HostlT, I ' 
shorn. KialamlMikam. Robert Gopslah. Kolar. W. H. 
Holllster; Kolar Kanarese Church. Snhmdla Noun. 
Kii|i].aui. S. H. .lob. Madras; Vepery English Cliui.ii. 
A. w. iindisiii; Narsslngaputani. to be nrppllei 
apuraov m. Tlndale; Vepery, Tamil Wert, » 
Mulbagal. John Narappa. Srlnlvasapttr. Ma lappa 
Lewis. Agent of Publishing House, A. W. BudbnU 
Reports, Dec I v her, 18U9. 

liomvEiii DtsTKicr. -Ber. Geo. B (Wilder. Fresld- 
(tig Elder, repuris: " Thn.ii.iihoiit the dletrlel 
doors for a inagnltlccnt missionary advanoe Si 
vK'niL-'Jy o]*n, but we are crippled In money and 
workerB. On the Rnlpnr Circuit we ban 
pnshlmr iT(iiiLti-]f.»iii' cfTorl. both 1 ihe ctl 
among the villages. The village work is epectallr 
inieri'sMug. The people, particularly the Siil-narriU, 
gather In large number* and give our message a rr- 
-I" ''trul lienrlng. 

"In Raipnrslla, out ofalolal popnUtUon ol 
4-j;, there arc 28B,5M .'vH-'iumi Cfumiart. This ««-l 
«as founded In the Bfleenth ' entnry brone Rohidas, 
who proclaime.1 tho perfect equality of all men end 



the worship of 
or "The True Nl 
lo worship but 
head, who reald 
is viewed as a f 



1 l,od 11 



the Hal-na 
ie God, iln-ir G are, or religious 
sixty miles Boiithcunt of Ral|>ur, 
t of apotheosis. On his titsteb 

from Tillage in village, tliifl lazy* and even qut'S- 
t tonnble character, who squceicsall he can onl 
disciples, Is trusted with divine honors. Ti. 
llevu Ihcy receive a blessing ami ab.-i il itt Ion for a 1 ! 
tlicirsios by drinking water poured on his feel and 
caught In " brass vessel. This water, no matter 



Hout/i, India Conference. 




how fool, la termed mnrU-jal, or 'water of life. 

Sal-iamii profess to abstain from all 

and from (be aw of tobacco and opium. They are 

moat accessible but very Ignorant, and generally 

very poor. Inquirers are numerous among them. 

Our day schools for low-caste children are doing 

well. 

"On the Sironcha Circuit we have an extensive 
low-caste and aboriginal population, and we are the 
only Christian mission among them. The pastor 
baa had the Joy of baptising several con verts. The 
native Christians are doing well In the matter of 
self-support. A small school house in the Madlga 
village has been built from the Sunday school eollee- 

" The Jagdalpur Circuit lias bad a year of severe 
trial. The native preacher visits regularly 33 vil- 
lages, and there have been a goodly number of ba|>- 
tisms. The orphans are carefully looked after, and 
some of them are truly converted. In addition to 
school studies the children occupy their time tilth 
pounding paddy, washing, cooking, etc. The devel- 
opment of the industrial work has been much re- 
tarded through want of funds. 

" The Tellandu Circuit has enjoyed a year of great 
prosperity. There has been a growth In spiritual 
life. The entire work is practically self-supporting, , 
and every department of Christian labor reveals a 



healthy and encouraging condition of things. The 
large coal-mining native population offers a prom- 
ising Held for aggressive work among the women. 

" The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society has a 
missionary at Sironcha, and, aided by her assistants, 
she has built up a good day and Sunday school work, 
and faithfully carried on evangelistic operations 
both in Sironcha anil among the near villages. As a 
direct outcome of the evangelistic work three women 
(widows! have been baptised.'' 

HAiLiAXAim. District.— Rev. W, L. King, Presid- 
ing Rider, reports: "All the district except one 
small corner lies within the bound* of tin* Nlrjim's 
Dominions. Our regular work l» carried on iu the 
KanartMc, Telugu, Urdu, and English languages, 
while Marat hi has a place in e"im nf our schools. 
The tk-riptures and Christian literal u re un- sold and 
distributed among people of all the abovt* tongues, 
and Hindi and Tamil in addition. The district em- 
braces 13 appointment!!. Of then* .i ho- English, S 
arc Kanaresc, 3 Telugu, and 3 Hindustani. In few 
of our vernacular charges can the language lines be 
closely drawn, as in most centers two or more lan- 
guages arc spoken. 

'• Tlie work lias been well maintained in all Its de- 
partments. We have linst by death the wife of Rev. 
II. 0. Krnsbercer, our missionary on the (iulliarga 
and Raichur Circuit, and the wife of Rev. M. I.. Har- 



■' We are much tucouraged by the present con- 
dition of the charges. Our people give evidence of 
growth In grace, Khtl they are learning to give lo the 
Lord's cause. More persons have contributed this 
year than last, und ihe aggregate of the gifts has 
been greater. Our work is producing workers. 
Some of our illiterate converts from the lowest strain 
(>f Hinduism have given effective testimony among 
their friends, and others have eome forward wilh an 
earnest request lo lie trained for Christian service. 
Our force of native workers is not only larger limn 
ever before, but la alsoon a higher plane of Christian 
eiperienee. The people lire listening better to Itie 
preaching of the Gospel, and the word of God is 
being read by more iieople 

"There are discouragements. The harvest is 
great, but the laborers are few. Heathenism strongly 
reinforces the natural heart in lis opposition to Clod 
and his truth. Organized opposition Is directed 
against our work ; hut God Is using us, and we feel 
the heed of prayerful reliance on him. 

■' Our English work is almost entirely confined to 
Haldnrubad and Secunderabod , and tills has held Its 
own in numbers, and In both places there has been 
an encouraging advance in finances. 

'■ The work of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society has been confined to the old centers, and has 
been carried on wilh good result*. Additional mis- 
si on arles are needed. 

" Tlie Haidantbad City School is located In the cen- 
ter of the walled city, and during this year has 
reached the highest enrollment in its history. The 
teaching staff has been strengthened and a Suuday 
school organized In cotitieeliou with it. The grants 
and school fees pay the running expMMB, but finan- 
cial aid Is greatly needed for property, genera! equip- 
ment, and endowment. 

"At Rnlchur two plots of ground. with houses 
suitable for our work at its present stage, have been 
purchased, and at Kojihul u house and plot of ground 
have been secured, and the Vikanihad property is 
being improved. 

" \\ i eloM it"' year with a dark outlook from a 
temporal standpoint. Our rains have failed, crops 
have failed, entirely or partially, and our people are 
beginning to suffer from famine, and several months 
must pass before we can look for r.liil [ruin IM 

Mit'iii- tlisTiHCT.— Rev. J. B. Bnttrick, Presiding 
Elder, reports : " Our missionary force has been re- 
duced during the year by the death of Rev. T. R. 
Till nail III and tin- return Id ilie Dotted Btetef of Dr. 
A. W. Rudlsil). I have also, on account of health, 
been obliged to be absent from the district on fur- 
lough for six months. 

"The work on the Vepery English Circuit, has 
been sustained, and the year closes with everything 
in a very cheerlnir and hopeful condition. 

"The Vepery Tamil and Nnrs I ngapuram Circuits 
have been in charge of one pastor, who reports 
The work bus been among the members 



u[ i in- depressed classes, and good congregation a 
have leathered. There have been ten cases of clear 
conversion among the pupils i, I the schools, ami tiny 
have asked for baptism, but as their heathen parents 
oljjeei their r-i ' - - [ ■ i Ion must be delayed. 

"The English work on the Koyapuram I'lrouii n 
In a promising condition, and there have been I-t 
conversions. The vernacular work has been pro^e - 
I ■in.. I in Madras and in three villages. There would 
be many accessions if we could buy land and Ij-1 i ■ 
the poor people to settle where they could «iip]K.rt 
them.-elvea beyond Ihe reach and control of iheir 
present heathen employers or landlords. 

"In Kodauibukam are ;<.*> t hrlstians, a day school 
with an average attendance of 16, and a night school 
Where the young men receive both secular and re- 
ligious I nst ruction daily. Two services are held 
each Sabbat h, and nearly one hundred children gather 
in our Suuday schools. Open-air services are held 
three days each week. 

" There has been material and spiritual prosperity 
in the English work In Bangalore. Ten members 
have been received Into the chnre.li from the proba- 
tionary ranks, and some others have joined by trans- 
fer. The Richmond Town Church is a working and 
witnessing church. The church on St. John's Hill 
lias been thoroughly repalredand refurnished. The 
Sunday and week-day services are growing in num- 
bers and Interest. The Baldwin High Schools bmrt 
had a good year. 

"The work on ihe Itusur Circuit has had both 
temporal uml spiritual blessings. The Sunday 
services have been well attended and the collections 
have Increased. 

" In Bowrlngpet the altitude of the educated and 
higher classes of Hindus toward Christ has under- 
gone a wonderful change, and the claims Of i liH — 
llatiity are attentively listened to. 

"The Kolar Circuit Is doing well spiritually and ia 
self-support. Every member pays a regular niotithk 
subscription In add il ion in the iimiuI <<"'■< <■' i>m i in 
the Kuppain, Trlnivasapur, anil MJulbtgal Circuits 
1 1 mires si ve evmiftelistii- work has lie.-ri faithfully 
done. There is never any lack of work in tbe Pub- 
lishing House in Madras, and Its sphere of Influence 
is ever enlarging. The ladles o( the Woman's For- 
eign Missionary Society on ihe district are doing a 
noble work. The Gamble Deaconess Home In Kolar 

and the buildings of the W w's Soclet) in KaOM* 

have been completed. The district has suffered con- 
siderably from tbe plague, especially ia the Kolnr 
aud Bowrlngpet Circuits." 



North India Oonfereaoe. 

THE North India Conference embraces the prov- 
ince of Oudh and all of the Northwest Prov- 
inces east of Ihe Ganges River. Mission work was 
commenced in IS50 by Dr. William Butler, aud the 
Mission was organized as a Conference Deuwabt» H, 






.. .Charles I.. Bare and Mra. Susan Wlnobei] 
Bare, [lev. John Ettacfcatook and Mrs. Ljrdia Dudmd 

Blackstock, Rev. John '.:inrUc butcher, M.D., ami 
Mrs. Ada Proctor Butcher, Rev. Lewla A. I lore and 
Mr*. Man Keunedv i >rr, IW. Stephen S. Dense, 
M.D., and Mr* Jennie Hurt D-asc, MI).. He v. Hub- 
ert Isaac Faucet t, Rev. Joseph II. Gill am! -Mrs. 
Mary F.usiim Gill, li'v. George I Hcwcs ami Mrs. 
Annie Batcher llfwi*, Rev. Samuel Kuowles and 
Mrs, Isabella Kceley Kuowles, UVv James H, Mesa- 
am) Mrs, CliHil«:ili lin-k .M, "im.re, Rev. Eil- 
,V. Parker, D.D.. and Mr*. Lola Leo Parker, 
... . John Wesley Robinson and Mm. Elizabeth 

Fisher Robinson. Rev. Noble L. Korkey and Mrs. 
Nellie Hadsell Rock-' v. lie v. I 'li..Trmi -i < Tt « i-on Scull. 
D.D, nndMrs. Marv \V..rtMiii;toii Scoit, Rev. David 
I.. Thoburn and Mrs. Ruth Collins Thotiurn, Rev. 
,lobn W. Wejl and Mr-. In; in: W«i, Mrs. Helen 
Johnstone Wilson. Jit Hit fnittd .Sfri/in— Rev. .latneB 
I.. Humphrey, M.D., and Mr*. Nancy Hurrell 
IliimchrrV. U.-v. William \. Mmiscll and Mrs. Flor- 
MM Penrine Manaell, K.-v. Frank L. Stasia. D.D., 
and Mrs Eraniu An-rj N-.-id, K.-v. .lames W. Wnugh, 

(Dr. and Mrs. 

. Mausell left 



jryN- 

D.D., and Mr*. Jane Tiuslev Waoitb. 
y and Mr. and " 
annary, HJ00.) 



The North India Conference met at Shahjabanpur, 
January 4-10, UBS, Bishop Tboburn presiding. J. 
M received by transfer from the Rock 
Kivi r Ci.nt. renoc. Yauul AH and Kay Silas were 
. .-. i % . ■. i on trial. Mohan 9. Bailey was discon- 
tinued, J. B. Thomas nan transferred tolbe North- 
west India Conference. Peaehey T. Wilson had 
died. 8. D. Snmiiel had withdrawn. Faredun 
Presgrave, Dilavar Singh, and G. D. Spencer were 
pernilltcd to withdraw under charges or complaints. 
J. W, Waugh was reported as supernumerary, and 
J. T. Janvier as superannuated. There were re- 
ported 14,389 members, a decrease of 1,630; 17,699 
probationers, a decrease of tJ* ; mid 37,905 Sunday 
•choot scholars, an Increase of 1. ■!■'•?. During the 
joar there were B69 adults and 1,480 children bap- 
tized. 

The following presiding elders were appointed : 
Bareilly District, E. W. Parker; Garhwa! District, 
J. 11. GUI; Gonda District, William Peters ; Kumaon 
District, Samuel Kuowles ; Moradabad District, 
J. II. Messmore; Oudb District, W. A. Mansell; 
Plllbbit District, Stephen Paul (died during the year) 
hal District, II. A. Cutting. 

I'kesi dim. Elders' Retorts made December, 1899. 
Ittiirii.i.v District.— Re*. E. TV. Parker, D.D., 
reports: "There nre 31 circuits in the district. In 
three of which nre the important cities of Bareilly, 
Shuhjahanpur, and Rudaon. In these cities Euro- 
peans reside, and In theso are our educational and 
oUm institutions. 

In Bareilly are the Theological Seminary and 
Woman's Training School, tbe Girls' Orphanage, 
Middle School [or Boys, and the Hospital nnd 
Dispensary lor Women and Girls. The Theological 
miliary has 56 pupils, 17 of whom are In the grad- 
es. It has a three years' course of study, 
and is givmgour Church In India a trained ministry. 
an's Training School is a branch of the 
'ininary. ami gives efficient training and drill to 
wives ol the students. The Girls' Orphanage 



has 39U on the roll, and is doing well. The hospital 
and Dispensary for Women bus done a good year's 
work, and a training class of IN young women is 
being prepared for future medical work. The hos- 
pital has had 160 paticnls, 496 visits have, been made 
to houses to ai lend women and girls, and there havo 
been 1B.S.W treatments in the dispensary during Ibe 

11 In Sbabjahanpnr are the Boys' Orphanage and 
Industrial School, a boarding School for Girls, a 
Widows' Home and Industrial School, and a Middle 
School for Boys, In the orphanage the boys learn 
lo work, and receive an education according to ihelr 
ability, and the good fruit Is seen everywhere. The 
Girls' Boarding School, numbering 130, is very fnll, 
and the training i* practical. The Industrial Home 
gives instruction to fit its inmates for future useful, 
ncss in < hristian homes or as teachers. 

" In Buduon ibere I* a Girls' Boarding School and 
a Boys' Middle Grade School. The Girls' School Is 
rapidly Increasing In numbers. The Boys' Middle 
Schools here and at Bareilly haven boarding bouse 
for Christian tails connected with each, the design 
being to give the village Christians an opportunity 
for educating their boys. In these schools the non- 
C'brisl ian lads are in the same classes with the Chris- 
tian, and the Bible Is regularly and carefully taught. 
Many of the non-Christian boys are regular In at- 
tendance at tbe Sunday schools. 

"Tbe circuit or evangelistic work is divided into 
21 circuits. Two of these are in charge of mission- 
aries, who alao have charge of institutions ; oue Is 
under a missionary who is free for evangelistic work ; 
and 18 are under Hindustani preachers. These 111 
circuits are subdivided Into 112 subelreults, each of 
which Is under a subpustor, who resides within his 
special charge, and they nre doing specfal work in 
1,653 villages where Christians or inquirers reside. 
These preachers in charge and subpastors go to 
their work systematically, two nr three villages being 
set apart for each day. Most of these villages are 
visited weekly, though distant ones arc reached 
but once in two weeks. These pastors teach iho 
people to pray, to sing, and to live according to the 
teachings of Jesus. In many of the tillages there 
are class leaders (Hadisl, In all 908, and these collect 
the people every evening for sliming and prayer, and 
are useful in colled lug the pastor's salary, removing 
old customs and establishing the new, 

" We are making special efforts for the regular In- 
struction of the younger men and their wives who 
are in tbe regular work. During the rainy season a 
class was gathered at Budaou and faithfully taught, 
and during the coming year a class will be gathered 
at Lodipore, and one at Budaon. so tlint about forty 
young workers with their wives will secure thn* 
months' teaching and drill annually. Our primary 
schools are doing a good evangelistic work, and 
about two thousand four hundred children are being 
taught in them. 

" The following are the most encouraging features 
of the work )n the district: 1. The growth of the 
workers in knowledge. Christian experience, worthy 
living, and lu working efficiency. 2. Our educated 



118 



North India Conf<:r< »•■<■, 



Christian young people. Al our Kola League 450 

mrc prateat, mill oonduted their ran bbttIqw in 

an excellent imxirirr, wits HlflHlHtf of from 1,300 
to 1,500 persons. 'A. The preparation of the class 
btadm lrao "ill lend tin? people in playing, itagtBg, 
and right living." 

(Unnn.vL District.— Rev. -1. II, Gill. Presiding 
Elder, report* : "The district lms seven i.-in-nii>. and 

error twenty nbdRnUa. Twice during tbe ymr 
cholera no* appeared and la ten away sotue of our 
members and helpers. The preachers Imve faith- 
fully Itinerated and Bone a good work fur God and 
humanity. Wo are not .able to meet nil (be demand! 
upon us for the establishment of village schools, 
Which lire always of much value to us. 



jSS2S2 
















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^t2^":^\i>4^ e iii 


STt-^tt 





"In oui' of uiiri'liLiriii-B ;t i-lntj-'l 1 1 lj. ~ > ii riTuoft'il. 

and in tWO of our circuits B«W buildings have boon 
erected. The Bible Society lias generously supported 
a colporteur for us during the year, and he lias sold 
a number of copies of the Bible. All our preachers 
have helped to distribute books and tracts. 

"The District Conference and camp meeting wan a 
Brawn of rich spiritual blessing. Handsome build- 
ings of the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society 
have been erected at Oak Glen, In Godolle. We de- 
rived inurli lii'iii-lii fnnii the visit nf !lr. E. W. Parker 
and Rev. J. II. Mes.-inure during their stay of ten 
days last summer, and the religious services were 
well attended." 

Honda District.— Rev. Wm. Peters, Presiding 
Elder, reports; "AH our workers Imve dune their 
duty, and the spiritual condition of the Christian 
communities is very good. The scholars have been 
lriiiihiviiii: mid the Sunday -■ Loi.ls have in creased in 
numbers. Many of the non-Christians begin to ac- 
knowledge Christ and sing his praises In these 
schools. The Epworth League work is very strong 
and very helpful. The District Conference and the 
camp meetings have given us great spiritual bless- 
ings and assurance. 

" We worked hard in the Interests of self-support 



and the Pastor's Fund, and tbflM i» an iuipn 
..-■■ii alliance iii giving, but tb 
tuu interfered with us. All of our Christians have 
numlBed strong aud lnval. The woii e ri 01 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society have I 
faithful," 

KHUDI District.— Rev. 8. Enmdi 
Elder. Owing to the lou g-eon tinned illness of the 
presiding elder, Bev. K, 1. Hockey reports for hlin : 
"The work of the district lies parity in the tnoiin- 
lalnf and partly in Ine plains at ilu- foot of the outer 
range of the mountains. Tills latter is a very malari- 
ous region, and is entirely until for 1 ■■ 
tntion except from December to Hart I 
climate is fairly ptaMMI 

" It lui> been ■ v it oi lowing 
mi. i tin' rlalbla bantad is una£ 

'1'in' iiii.iii'iii wort ii meceasful 

mid the Booooli are on a better 
basis. One new station baa bean 
ooenpled, 

"In Naini Tal the congrega- 
tions in the Eagllah Ctwob hare 
been large and attentlri 

Hindustani service la Ol much in- 
teract iiinl importance. Thereat* 
thro* Band*] scfaeola, one being 
in llludiistanland two in English, 
iiinl tiny have nil prospered. 

"Tin- two schools M Natal Tal, 
■Oak Openings' for boys, and 
1 iVi'ili-ti-i ' for girls, have been 
vi tv .-uci.'K-l'iiI. -I inl. Openings ' 
liii- hud lis pupils, of whom nil 
but two were boarders. It has 
reached a self-supporting basis, 
but needs a new building for a 
Chape] mid recitation rooms. It 
nl~" needs ill ii 'lit Jo scholarships In enable it to edu- 
cate the sons of poor MelbiHllsls. Fifteen hundred 
dollars would enduw a scholarship. ' Wellesley ' baa 
had its full complement 'if boarders ( 100) and 30 day 
pupils. Financially, educationally, and religiously 
the Bchool is in a satisfactory slate of efficiency. 

"The work on the other charges, reaching to 
Dhot, high up In the mountains bordering on Tibet, 
baa been in charm 1 of faithful workers win. have 
labored under many difficulties aud with some suc- 

MoKAniBAo District. — Her. J. II, Mcssmore, 

Presiding Elder, report* : " The scarcity of food has 
Interfered with our work, and the outlook Is very 
gloomy. In the month or October I visited nil Hie 
circuits of the district, except two, and held tiie 
Quarterly Conferences. The preachers affirmed that 
there had been real progress during the year. Not 
progress In education, for most of the village school* 
are lamentable failures, mainly because the people 
are too poor to allow their children to spend time in 
school. Neither has there been progress in com- 
fortable relations with non-Christian neighbors, for 
there has been a noticeable increase In acts of petty 
persecutlon. 
"The progress reported Is lu the liue of advance- 




North India Conf&ence. 



u if til from heathenism in I ln-iBtlunily. A large 
proportion of our Chrislia miuuidry is only 

i ■ i r 1 1 .1 lj> separated ir its old heathenism, and 

nearly all the work limit; mi the dial 

year has been among our mm |« -oplc. A number of 

Idol shrtnei have been destroyed. In many placet 

the people are firmer id dci-lnring themselves tu l» 
Christians. 

In iiL.jhl pacta ol the district nil the Christians of 

wlmii-ViT origin, an; classed with the very lowest 

■ml mure are made in share their social and civil 

A siieclal effort was made during tlir 

yi ar Iti w.i mi Iiuii ti veivielil n liii'li would gradn- 

..iiy emancipate: our Christian community from thta 

disastrous fellowship. The leading iiifii from t»n 
A a mi nl i mifiTi.Ticcs met lii Murudnhad, and a scheme 
••( reform within the Church was adopted. It. met 
With some opposition among im-.nn.urit.-s and native 
ministers ut I In' II me, ami lias l"-en misunderstood by 
ihe people. Unless we are willing to abandon all 
hops ■■: STBngeUElnB India we cannot allow oar 
Church to become identical with the ■»'-|"t ensi,-. 
"Tin.- Missionary Boetety msiniatns on the district 
138 workers, und the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
118 agents. The iwo high schools at 
Mi.rndaiii.d report a prosperous year of educational 

work. Tie' [amine has nearly doubled the cost of 
living, and It has been necessary to reduce tlic uuiu- 
!..;■ i.! boarder* In the Qouohur Boys' Boarding 
Iloasc, Tliere were PS boarders in July, and we are 
trying to bring the number down to TO. The dis- 
trict |i Midb undermanned, and good workers, both 
ind native, ore greatly needed." 
i.ii In- nut i.— Her, W. A. Manaell, Presiding 
"There has been a decrease In 
Hie Christian eonununlty from 8,306 to 3,03* not- 
withstanding the Increase by baptle 
iinied lor by the transferor 
the Barellly District and omitting tin 
i.ucLnow, and by the famine, yet some 

■d Into their old condition ami refuae to 

■■■■Ives Christians. The cause is not 

hasty baptisms, but they have been In most eas 

scattered and moving people, dejtcudent for I 

■upport upon occasional employment as day lobor- ' largely increased its plant, and employs 175 men, 



This is 

i student! in 
have actually 



ii much needed. A new church building, the Egi 

Memorial Chapel, iviis dedicated Niivi-uil.tr 14 id 
Shahabtid ; and a small chapel has been dedicated at 
TUtuttntajga nn BatubunkJ Circuit. In Boy Iiarellly 
ihe chapel bus been nearly mined through the (rort 

"In Sitapur there have t>eon special services, re- 
sulting In great blessing. Bazaar preaching ami Ihe 

visitation of neighboring villages have l«. si stem- 

atlcally carried on. The Girls' School is nourishing, 
and the Boys' School is in good condition, wilh wi 
hoys us boarders. 

" Luukuow l,i the center of a large work, the Luck- 
iiipw Circuit, having lH su lice nt ere of work with 8 
Sunday schools, 5 day schools for boys ami ."> to 
girls, mid high schools, connect, -d with Ihe i wo col 
leges, ll has been a year of some hardship lo llie 
workers. Two hnv been rubbed, "lie was si-rimi-ly 
liiateti, mid one of the new converts from Brahman- 
ism was ui-arly kllleil. The congregation of the 
Rugllsh-speaklng church has been kept up, atul there 
have been some conversions. It ts practically sell 
supporting. The services in the large central H 
iliistiuii church have been well attended. It is entirely 
self-supporting, and beginning with January will 
send out and support its own representative in the 
district ot 

"Reid Christian Collegu and High School, ut 
l.ucknow. has tii.nl another wood year. The year 
closes with SB on the rolls, 112 of whom an Chris- 
tians, 2ii! being 1 litidn.s and Mnliauiiriediius. Tlie-e 
figures inclmlu Ibu braneh school at Nakhas, The 
hil.lc is a part i.f tUe i iirrii'iiliiin of fiiiidy and is 
taught dally lo all tin- students. Thirty-Hre sin- 
dents have been in attendance on the business de- 
partment of the college. An endowment is much 
ided. 

The 1. iii'know Woman's College and Girls' High 
School has had an enrollment of 150 in the school 
and IT in the college. The presided Is now in the 
United States collecting funds tor an endowment. 

"The Deaconess Home and Home (or Homeless 
Women has had a successful and profitable year. 
The Methodist Publishing House at Lucknow hen 



re wherever work could be obtained, and thus have 
lieen more easily led astray than those who have a 

•ett led home, a regular employ men!, mid a i. 111- 

nlty of their own friends who are Christians. 

t disheartened or discouraged. 
The 3,034 Christians represent a community that Is 
every year gaining in solidity of character and 
CMatltn influence, and I believe 
tin: post four years, during which 
(narked advance, has been preparing 



d prints in four languages. There Is much ti 
courage us. 1 ' 

Pimbuit Disthict.— Rev. Stephen Paul was pre- 
siding elder Hi-- Mrs! tin II id I lie j i mi- until Ills deal! i ; 
after his death Dr. E. W. Parker had charge, and 



This district bus for many years been in charge 

the work of of aHlndustanl presiding elder. Thereto no foreign 

has been no missionary residing within the bounds of the dls- 

Two years ago Rev. Stephen Paul, a very 



.then the eoules-e.iiy difficult Held of bigoted Oiidli spiritual and reliable unlive minister, was appointed 

will yield abundant harvests for the glory of Christ, to this district, and continued ut the last Confer- 

" In the line of self-support Ihe work of the year enco. He did his best. After a severe illness of se\ 

has been encouraging. There have been converts eral weeks he died last summer. 

y circuit and good work has been done In "The work on the circuits is much similar to thu 

three melas, or religious fairs. on the circuits of the Bareilly District. There ar 

"The Girls' School in Hardol is making excellent Christians residing in about live hundred villages, an 

pfigress, and the new buildings are 1,,-ing rapidly ihe re are about fifty •niters ot work where worker 

putted forward, A new church building in Hardol reside. The entire Christian community number 






120 



Northwest India Gattfim net. 



8,881, Innlndlng baptized children. There arc 
Ipcijb and 297 girls in school. Tbe entire work Is 
evangelistic, even tbe schools bare for tbeir special 
object tlit? salvation of the children and the teaching 
of the won). There arc hundreds of Chumars who 
are mil instructed am! desire to join us, l>ul hesita 
to move (or fear of financial disaster. There is 
boarding school for boys at Fathaguuj, which 
doing fairly well. The district Is a very encouraging 
Held for missionary labor." 

Sambiial Disthict.— Rev. H, A. Cutting, resid- 
ing Elder, reports i " Again our poor people hare 
("■■ii \isiii-d with famine. The cut on the salary of 
mission helpers, and tbe afflictions from (amine 
have tended to JNMM the numbers iu our Church, 
yet the membership grows wonderfully in spirit and 
more has been collected and earned for self-support 
than lust year. For both se*es we have 75 day 
schools, with 1,075 pupils, nud 1(13 Sunday schools, 
with 5.J26 scholars. Our Christian comnninlty 
nutnbers 8,630, mostly from the depressed classes. 
We are trying also to reach the higher classes. 
They come slowly, one by one," 



Horthwest India Conference. 

THF. Northwest India Conference embraces that 
portion of the Northwest Provinces which lies 
south and west of the tianges, the Punjab, and such 
parts of Rajput aim and Central India as He north of 
the twenty-fifth parallel of latitude. It was a part 
of tbe North India Conference until it WW organized 
as a separate Conference January IB, 1893. 

MISSION ABIES. 

Rev. Philo M. Buck and Mrs. Carrie McMillan 
Buck, Rev. Dennis C. Clancy and Mrs. Ella fink 
Clancy, Rev. Hiickwr.il Clancy and Mrs. Charlotte 
Force Clancy, Kev. Ruben lluskins, Ph.D., aud Mrs. 
Charlotte Rouudey Clancy, Kev. Moll Keislar, Rev. 
Ernest Burton Lavalette, Kev. Jiinioa C. Luwmid and 
Mrs. Isella Hoy Lawson, Rev. James l.yon aud Mrs. 
Lilias Rhenius Lynn, Kev. Ibnn Mansell, D.D., and 
Mrs. Nancy Mouelle Mnnsell, Si. I)., Kev. Claudius 
H. I'lumer and Mrs. Kllit Mercado Flomer, Rev. 
John Thomas Robertson and Amelia I laskew Rob- 
ertson, Rev. Jefferson Ellsworth Scott, D.D., and 
.Mr-;. Einniii Mmnv S,-oit. Kvv. J.irues H. Thomas ioi.I 
Mrs. Elizabeth Wilson Thomas. In l/i* United State* 
—Rev. Luther Lawson. 

Anhual Meeting. 

The Northwest India Conference, met at Allgarh, 
India, January 12-10, 1809, Bishop Thoburn presid- 
ing. J. B. Thomas was received from the North 
India Conference. W. II. Daniels was readmitted. 
Alfred Luke, Ballu Singh Edson, and Nairn ud Din 
were received on trial. Matthew Tlndale and C. W. 
Do Soma were transferred to the South India Con- 
ference. C. B. Conklin had died. Ram Sahae was 
permitted to withdraw under charges or complaints. 
Charles Luke wascxpelled. E. W.Gay waa reported 
as superannuated. The statistics reported 13.140 
members, an increase of 598; 21. 329 probationers, a 
decrease of 1,891 ; 33,2tH Sunday school scholars, an 
increase of 3,331. 

The following were appointed presiding eldere ; 



Agra District, J. E. Scott; Allgarh l.'i-rr-ni . 
Lawson ; Allahabad District, Rockwell fium.y 
Cawuporo District, Robert Hoskius ; Kasgauj Di>- 
trict, Hasan Razu Khan (died Augu.-i l'-'. 18(0 
Meerut District, P. If, Back; UWMOOrk UUh 
Henry Mnnsell. 

Reports 01 PuioItuno Bl MM, Dkcsmmm, 11 

AI.J..DIAKAH DlsTHtcT.— Rev. Rockwell Clancy. 
Presiding Elder, report* ; "On I lie district ;ji 
European workers and iH Hindustani workers. 
English church ut Alhtiiabad has bail a splendid 
orcl of work. A church building, with seating MpM- 
ity fur -WO, was erected in 1878. Ii is used for bota 
English aud Hludustaui services, and the members 
give liberally for the support of the orphanage and 
other native work. The Sunday school number* 
H0, and all the services tire well sustained. 

"Our farm, worked by gome of our orphans, at 
Manlkpore, 611 miles from Allahabad, has not been 
a financial success, but several Christian fumllic- 
have taken up laud there and are getting a living 
mil Of It, We are building n small ehureh hi Maiiik- 
pore, A Hindu landowner has given us the land 
and all the building stone. Another Hindu 1 
given us nearly all the timber wc shall need, and 
Kols, jungle people, are cutting and carting it 
their gift. 

"Onr preacher at Kami has a little Christ iat 
colony of farmers, and they are supporting a class 
leader among them. Our native preacher i 
liabad has organized a Christian Brotherhood, the 
principles of which are loyalty to Christ and the 
Church, and enmity against all forms of idolatry. 
We have hail some hard lights with idolatry. 

" We have had bright and dark days 
orphanage this year. Some of the pupils hate dot 
good work. Eleven have died, and 12 have 
blind or are losing their sight. We still have 
girls, 90 boys, and 12 widows. These children 
wldowa have given nearly three thousand 
flour from their dally food for the support of their 
pastor, who Is entirely supported by the Church. 

•' Our Christians have given, on an average, one 
rnpee for every man, woman, and child on tbe dis- 
trict, and the paid workers give fully one tenth 
their Income. This has been done at I 
flee, I ut willingly. 

" Our Summer School and our District Conference, 

at which all our workers and many village Christians 

were present, were the best yet held. The harmony 

beautiful, and many entered into a fullness of 

Mi'ssini; imi known before." 

Amgakii District.— Rev. J. C. Lawson," 
Elder, reports: "We have missions ou the district 
many forms, as follows: !. To the depressed 
2, To the educated classes ; 3. Gospel 

lecture linll In Aligarh city every Sunday 
; 1 The sale of Bibles, Testamei 
by all the men workers, and the distribution of 
of thousands of tracts ; 5. Ward work, which 
print both preaching and house-to-house vlsltal 
6. Street preaching ; 7. Iiineratlons among- th 
lages; 8. The District Training School for 




y<>rtl<w-*t India Conference. 



121 



piistur-tcschers ; 9. The District Summer Bible anil wo must labor to remove idolatrous superslitloi 

School, which is a preparatory theological Mhool ; and practices tluit ure laannlnlfifl with marriages, 

11.1. Services lor the servants and the 'strangers births, deaths, etc. 

within the gates;' 11. Bible class soil teachers' " Clearly associated with lhe above is the problem 

meetings every Tuesday evening ; 12. Senior and of routing out lhe remains ol lhe old caste feelings 

Junior Leagues, Including temi<erance work; 13. aod prejudices. In our boarding schools, where all 

Day schools; 14. Sunday schools; 15. Work among classes are i brown together in a very common life 

the women ; 16. Self-support ; 17, Care of the sick ; much is being do tie to remove this difficulty. 

1H. Keeping the class leader Bjatem prominent; lft " Our chief work has been necessarily among our 

Arranging for the Christian Brotherhood Society; own baptized people and inquirers. We Inn e about 

I. Holding of District Conference and tamp meet- eight hundred village-, with larger or smaller uum- 

nig; H. .Mission to lhe famine waifs in our Aligarh bcrsof Christians. The territory is divided into ten 
Orphanage anil Industrial Schools. Through all of I circuits, each under the charge of a native minister, 
thene many warm and busy 



heads, hearts, and hands 
have been engaged, and we 
have had 368 converslous 

1 311 baptisms, and We 

re collected for self-sup- 
port 1,473 rupees. 

"In October We visited 
1 entirely new Held, the 
civil district of 1 1 Issar, 
opening work in some im- 
portant centers ami gather- 

Thero are also other Impor- 
tant centers calling loudly 
for the Gospel. 

" There are many eviden- 
ce* of the divine approval 

ir work. We rejotoe In 

the ready help given us by 
collector and by foreign and 
II in. lu-i mil brethren and sis- 
ters ; In the steady growth in 
book and industrial knowl- 
edge of the famine boys and 
girls; in the wondrous out- 
pouring of the Holy Spirit 
Upon us during our district 
camp meeting; In the 
growth of the brethren, and In thi 
and energetic young missionary to us." 

Meerut District.— Rev. P. M. Buck, Presiding 
Elder, reports : "Our district Is about sixty by one 
hundred and twenty miles in extent, and has within 
Ita bounds some 15,00fl baptized people in our work, 
and in this del. I we hare 133 men and TO women as 
Christian workers. 

•• The year has seen special efforts for the eradi- 
cation of the remaining Minimis of idolatry. Many 
of these when found are In mixed communities 
where it Is difficult lor the Christian portion to have 
their own way. Still, at our recent District Confer- 
lols Were reported as destroyed, and 164 
i known to exist ; but few of these are 
d among Christian communities pure and slm- 
Gencrslly they are where the heathen coni- 
nity predominate. When they do exist among 
Christians alone tliey are an evidence of a want of 
needful instruction before baptism, and usually of 
proper care afterward. But the removal of these 
rude symbols is a small part of lhe work to be done, 




ming of a 



Under these leaders the work is so organised that 
each tillage community is visited and instructed 
will) regularity and as frequently as services will per- 
mit. Goodly numbers of our people manifest arrow- 
ing knowledge of Gospel teachings and interest in 
spiritual things that give us much encouragement. 
Educational work is very limited, and the distrtrt 
greatly needs at least lifts primury schools. 

" The training and development of workers Is au 
important matter. In places where earnest and 
spiritual men have opened and cared for the work 
the calls for service.*™ multiplying. In a training 
school for village workers we gather in bright and 
promising village young men, usually with their 
wives, too, and give them a course of study for two 
or three years. Then they begin work ; but at the 
same time they are kept at a course of study for 
years following. Our annual Bible School, held for 
a month during the rainy season, was this year the 
best we have yet held. About onehundrcd aud fifty 
men and women were nuder instruction. 

" Self-support has made progress during the year. 



Malai/»i<i Mission. 



The workers arc dealing will. This problein Witt in- 
rarnran bnl hud Itmei and) high prices 
are, for the present, making this work increasingly 
difficult. 

"Tliii i*ii boarding" aahoola Is Meant, one for 
boys and one for girls, have hail a successful year. 
These institutions will furnish us with g band ol 
heller equipped leaders in our work. They hare 

.: Vet] 111 Ihe ti"iil. 

"Oar English work, connected mainly with Ihe 
Brllisli garrison nt Meernl , owing to loeal condition! 

ami the unfavv.iralili.' '.-ImiiLTs el ii-nup.-. lias li.nl :i 
tryingycar. But of Inic nomberi tun been mod to 
OarJat, ami we tn moving upgrade." 



Hajajlia tQaaum 

THE Malaysia Mi--ion Include*. Ibe Malay Penin- 
sula anil all Ihe adjacent Islands inhabited by 
the Malay race. Iflaslon (tort WW OOmmel d In 

1886, on>l the Malaysia Klsaloo i miter ■ trai 

rtl [. IBM 

■■■ m:!I -. 
I;, v .I'.l'ii R, Haul.'. Mr. t'. H. Buchanan and Mrs, 
Buchanan, Rev, Win. T. Cherrv uml Miv. Miii-Unii 
Thorpe Cherrv, Mr. Weslej K. • iinis am! Mrs Man 
('Hrr Curtis, Kev, John I;. Denyes ami Mr- " 
i liven lleni'cs, Kev. Christopher hsiliiu.l, M 
Ui.i l-.. Urn-lev. lliv. ,1,,,,,1-s M II. ■ ■ 






%:u. 



K.Tis.'it, M.I) Rev. Henry L, Emll Lnerlngv 

.D., and Mrs, Vn.li-t Hen is Liicrimr. li.-v. Urn. -i 

L.-i. Fred It. Morgan ami Mi-, i.ie-ii. 

Wilcox Morgan. !{■ v Qeotm r. 1M.-.M and Mr* 

Amelia Young Pvkett, Bar. Win. •■. Slicllubcar ami 

Mrs. Emma Ferris Shellabear. Rev. I. 

r, Beuj, P.Vnn- 
dyke— Mr. Simpson Horner Wood. I" »■■■ (Jniltd 
si,.!... [lev. Arthur J. Allien-, Mr*. Elizabeth Brov.0 
Krli-ctl. 

Anmal Meeting. 

The Malaysia Mission Conference was held In 

Penang, Straits Settlement*, February U-14, 1809, 

Bishop Thoburn presiding. Win. .1. Wager was dis- 

■ M.r .i w ,i ...,. ,.-. ... ■ r ma*, i rod to 

Conference and Charlea C. Kelso to 

Hie MiiliiL-.in Conference, The statistics reported 

458 members, on increase of 102; 33D probationers, an 

in. I'm;.- ..[ irl : l.:i.'T Sunday school scholars, u de- 

tnut r.it BOBi W 0. SheBebeai wu appointed 
dei of the Singapore Dtatrhd and B, V. 

ling Kldcr of the Penang District. 
Rbi-OhTs OP Pulstoiso F.loehs, Dei -em nr.it, 1800. 
Sino.u'ohi: DtsTHICT.— Rev. IV. 0. Slicllahenr, 
Presiding Elder, report* : '■ * 'ur" ork at Malacca has 
bw-n put upon a more satisfactory Iwsls by the 
transfer of Rev. I.au Bong Chong from Fennng. 
Formerly the cnngreuatloiis consisted rt.ielh . .f pas 
acrn-by, who happened lo stop at the dour and listen, 
but now there Is a larger number of regular nl- 
t large proportion ol the membership 

nlrv ni distance! varying from ibrw 

I., fi.iiy in Li..-.- from ihe town, This is an impor- 
tant flekl of labor, as no other Protestant Mission 
la working in Mnlnccu. and there is a good prospect 
of ibe establishment ••! a successful work. 
"In Singapore there coatlnuca lo be a steady 



ShnKBr 
:-hada 

■ ho ua. 
■hip baa 

ims. in 



■,.-l rf.Tl 1 1 IJI m-ti .if 

■ - the past year baa ■ «-. 
aging one. 1 have had to give much attention W It 

pren and have bead onaMe to atund 

gellitic work as iis hnpof taa oa demaada. The ill. 
neaa or Dr. Laerfttg baa tlao been much in ifaa art) 

srork. The Chines.- norh In Dhaav 
pure would make more rapid progrees if We bail a 

i hiii> , w.«[«.mking nu~iii.inui'v who i.ml.l dorob ■■ 

whole linn- in ii. 

" Tbt Tamil work lias made a material tdva] 
tile eongregaHoii huving n.nv a bonM ol tln-ir 
In a neat Utile church building wbleb 1: 

BfUU of limits r.iiwil l.H-nlly, tad .i 
. i ■ iwrsnnagc. 
Through the help of the Wo 

- or a Tamil Bible e 
doing good work. The Tamil an 

.... ttlO SB during the year, The _\ T u 
I ..-ml Bebool haa alao done good work. 
; I. ' hurch has lost Bersri 
removal, but the figures show a tligJU im r- 
'I'lie Suti'lay school, Epworlh league. 

iii-iliuii.iii- c BOtod "iih ibis church a 

Bg to aboil lb« fruit of patient toil. 

■■Mi'' Anglo-CbiDoae Sol 1 Id Nngnpore has, in 

llu Opinion of Ihe government iiisjen. 

xirri g 1 yeto'i iv. irk. and lias eurneil a rnmatdi i 

ably iiji-ifased urant. A changif in the am. mm . 
- from *l totl.oO p" month Utroa 

sal b "i the dtj hu ph 1 m In a better 

linnti.-ial pusiihiti, hut I lie iin'r.'i«.il ^iringency of 
!■ nmriils ill the eiuer rime ii I in regard to the 

■trengtb utd qtululoation of the teaching staff baa 

necessitated an increased expendiluro which bns to 

■Miri,. , j. r, ni Domuorbalaaoed the advantage gsbied 

The parents of Ihe boys have now a nm> li dean 
nudem landing as to the position of the school lti 
regard to religions Instruction, and n.i opposition 
lias been manifested. The boarding dapartBBMM 
now accommodates a larger number ol boevj itn.ti 
before, and the financial condition of Ibis branch 
lias mi uui.'h imjiroved tliat it will I-- poaatHa tUl 
year to pay oft a Rubstantlal amount on the debt, 
ivhuh, huwev. r. is still a heavy burden. 

" Tlie schools of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society are continually increasing in numbers ami 
em.i.n.y The ■ MMhodlat Gtrla' Behool ' wlllshonly 

move Into the fine new bulliluii; wlii.h is now in 
course of erection on a very suitable 'iii 1 Ttn 
Teluk-Ayer School lias been granted tin 
receiving a government grant. The usual number or 
homes are visited by the workers of the Woman's 
Foreign Missionary Society, and in 11 be 
are being held. The new building for native girls In 
the grounds of the Deaconess Koine Is nearly ready 
[Of .ii-.-ii!>niii-y." 
PBhaso District.— Ree. B. F. West, Presiding 

I . ■ ■■;•..' ■ ■ ;. 

vance made In all lines of onr work. The tone of the 
Chnrcb Is belter. The schools have done weU In 

regular work and have advun 1 Inel 

school work has largely hindered dire.-i .-iaiigelisin 
effort; but this 1* only temporary, and we hop.- t.. 



JYorth China Conference. 



123 



obtain a qualified staff of teachers bo that the mis- 
sionaries will be free for other work. 

" Methodism has never had a better opportunity in 
any place of gaining a hold on the rising generation 
than we have in this district. There are under our 
care 1.050 boys and girls, und everywhere we are 
urged to undertake new schools. 




104 

MAP OF 
STRAITS 
SETTL. EMEXTS 



riaiijaau 



Bata tiajah ,.\ * -, 

aiuk.Au*oi^ /\t ';. 
' 7^w-*:iu'paDij-' w ' 



*< kanchliigp A H * » 

Q S N -""^ 

■;< */ ' ; «"»firtr 
K,mu *-' , .*-n>iul>au 

NEGRI \..-- 
Fori Dick-inK.-fc.-SEMBILANT 





^ ^ STftGAPOMC i. 



"There is not only a tolerance of us, but there is ! 
a rapidly growing sentiment favorable not only t<> ; 
us personally, but toward the Gospel we preach. \ 
There is not a station where we have a school, but 
the pupils are inquiring about salvation. 

'* The government has, after urging on their part, 
given into our hands three schools and property at- 
tached worth considerable money. This has made 
it necessary to put into school work those who other- 
wise would have been engaged in evangelistic work. 

4 'The English congregation and Sunday school in 
Penan g have grown during the year, and a splendid 
spirit of loyalty to God is manifest. A new service 



in English has been begun at Prai, the present ter- 
minus of the new railway on the mainland. In the 
Chinese Mission in Penang there has been an ad- 
vance in the number of baptisms, but a small decrease 
in membership owing to removals. 

44 There are several inquirers in the Chinese Mis- 
sion in Bukit Martajem, and the work in Kulini is 
very hopeful. 

"The English work in Ipoh continues to offer 
every encouragement as regards attendance, but not 
as regards conversions. The liberal subscriptions 
of the congregation make it possible to carry on the 
work on a large scale. The Chinese work in Ipoh is 
growing, and the Tamil work here is prospering. 

" in Kwala Lumpor a now church is being erected, 
all classes of the community helping in this enter- 
prise. We have taken over the girls' school at this 
place from the government, and the property se- 
cured with it is worth $15,000. A chapel is under 
construction at Klang, the money having been pro- 
vided by a friend. 

**At Tuiping the government gave us the girls' 
school with property worth $10,000, and at Talnk- 
Anson the government placed the boys' school in 
our hands, and it is entirely self -supporting. 

"Tin* school of the Woman's Foreign Missionary 
Society is developing into a very useful institution, 
especially the boarding department. The theolog- 
ical school in Penang has been kept up during the 
year, though with considerable difficulty owing to 
lack of time and of funds. The presiding elder has 
been pastor of the English Church in Penang, teacher 
in the Anglo-Chinese School, faculty of the theolog- 
ical school, and preacher at the Chinese Church. 

"The Anglo-Chinese and the Anglo-Tamil boys* 
schools have done well in Penang, Ipoh, and Kwala 
Lumpor. At Ipoh and Penang the enrollment has 
been the largest in our history and the work done is 
satisfactory." 

Statistics.— The statistics in December, 1899, re- 
ported 454 members, an increase of 1 ; 24o proba- 
tioners, an increase of 11 ; 1,315 Sunday school schol- 
ars, a decrease of 12. 



METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONS IX CHINA. 



Horth China Oonferenoe, 

THE North China Conference of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church includes the provinces of 
Shantung and Honan, and all China north of them. 
Mission work was commenced by missionaries from 
Foochow in 1880, and the Conference was organized 
in 1898. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. Fredrick Brown and Mrs. Agnes Barker 
Brown, Rev. George R. Davis and Mrs. Maria Brown 
Davis, Rev. Francis D. Gamewell and Mrs. Man 
Porter Gamewell, Rev. J. Frederick Hayner and 
Mrs. Mabel Shattuck Hayner. Rev. Isaac T. Head- 
land and Mrs. Mariam Sinclair Hayner, M.D., Rev. 
William T. Hobart and Mrs. Emily Hatfleld Hobart. 
Rev. Nehemiah 8. Hopkins, M.D., and Mrs. Fannie 
Htggtns Hopkins, Rev. Harry £. King and Mrs. H. 
£. King, Mr. Edward K. Lowry and Mrs. Margaret 



] Mullikin Lowry, George D. N. Lowry, M.D., and Mrs. 

Cora Calhoun Lowry, Rev. Hiram II. Lowry, D.D., 

and Mrs. Part hen a Nicholson Lowry, Rev. James II. 

Pyke and Mrs. Anabel Goodrich Pyke, Rev. George 

I W. Veritv and Mrs. Frances Wheeler Veritv, Miss 

! Alice Terrell. Onfurlouf/h— William II. Curtiss* M.D., 

j and Mrs. Lulu Hale Curtiss, Rev. Marcus L. Taft, 

D.D., and Mrs. Emily Kellogg Taft, Rev. Wilbur 

Fisk Walker, D.I). , and Mrs. Marv Morrison Walker 

Anmai. Mkktino. 

The seventh session of the North China Annual 
'• Conference was held in Tientsin, May 28—Juno 1, 
1S99, Bishop Cranston presiding. Liu Ming-ch'uan 
was received by transfer from the St. Louis Annual 
Conference. Hou Wan-yu, Wu Ch'i, Li Chiug-ts'ai, 
and Kao Fu-ch'ing were discontinued, the latter at 
his own reouest. KoCh'ing-yun and Sluing Ch 4 ing- 



ist 



North ( 'hiiKt ( 'ortfermc*. 



Jim were located m ii»-ir request En Chi mi per- 
mitted to withdraw under charge*. II H. LowrjWM 

. I . ■ <_■ ( i -. 1 delcualc |i> i he <■•'!•• vh\ i otifereuce, with W. F. 

W ail.ci- u reserve. The delegate whs instructed lo 

;ldc, the iaslgnmenlof the same geueral 

lu pa rt ntand w il (orfom wwwmItb rem 1 residence In 
mslem Asia. The statistics reported 4.317 members, 
nn Increase of 47U ; 2,4*19 probationers, a decrease of 
MB ; 8,888 Sunday school scholars, a decrease of 238. 
The following were the appoint menu of the mission- 
aries and presiding elders : 
Frederick Brown, PmMlna EMer oi Tfcmttln 

District mid Principal of Ticnlsiu Intermediate 

School. 

tieo. E. Davis, Presiding Elder of Peking District. 
Kraut 1). GkDMWeD, Preacher in oblige of Feng- 



N. 8. Hopkins, M.D., Physician to charge ..f TrtUt- 



Vl,i., r! K. Lnnvry, Professor in Peking In 

sliy. 

Geo. D, N. Lowrj, Mil., Physician in elmrgr ot 

T'ung-jeu Hospital and Dispensary and Professor in 

,,i Peking I. diversity. 

H. H. Lowry, Pastor of Asburj L'hurvh in Peking 
aud President of Peking Imvcrs'iiy. 

J. H, Fyke, Muwiomtrv in ( Imrec ■■! : 
Hhanhaikuan Districts, mid Pastor of V. 

M. L. Tali, Pastor id W.si < nv Church in Tientsin. 

■ ■ mil, Proreosoi in Pekli ■ 

W. F. Walker, li. W. Verity, W, t . 1.. 
sent on furlough. 

Wain.' Ch'mg-yun. Presiding Elder of l.ancliou 
District. 

Ic .ini, Pmodtng Elder of Bhunhalkuan Distri 

Bmm Kiimi Otmntnawa, SUt, I8t». 

PEKINO DlSTKICT.— Kci . I,. B. 1':.. 

the history of our work in North China. 

began a year with so forbidding an outlook. 

classes of people were greatly -ii-tii ii ■■ 

the great upheaval In the political itmnnphowj 

While there has been much talk then has been H 

violent outbreak uiruiust the Church, uo apparent 



■.'.: 

, — In 
uercr 




North China Conference. 125 



desire to disturb the Church, only to let it severely ceeded in getting good useful premises on the main 
alone, an attitude of fear, lest they might be involved street, and here we have secured a number of proba- 
ta any evil that should befall the Christians. . tioners. Tai-cheng Circuit has been a difficult field, 

44 So marked was the fear in Peking last autumn but the outlook is improving. On the Wang-chia- 
that the great Sabbath school for non-Christians, kou Circuit the work is expanding and there an 1 
often attended by 1,000 people, fell away, until for a . many signs c-f progress. Wen -an Circuit has been 
few Sabbaths only a few score dared attend. The' worked from Tai-cheng and not much progress has 
*ame was true of many of the chapels throughout been made here or on Yen-shan Circuit. There has 
the country. Hospital and dispensary work came Inxsn fair success in Wesley and Yang-huo-chieh 
to a standstill. Chapels in Tientsin, while Tientsin West City has 

'• Of late our Sabbath school in Peking has been had a flourishing year with considerable signs of 
attended as formerly, and street chapel work, es- spiritual life. Isabella Fisher Hospital, of the 
I»ecially at the new Feng-chen Chapel, has never been ' Woman's Society, has had a busy and prosperous 
nn»re prosperous. A large number have joined on " year, 
probation. The only marked prosperity on the dls- 1 " To sum up the results of the year we have cause 



trict has been in connection with the Asbury and 



for encouragement. One native minister has been 



Feng-chen Chapels in Peking. wholly supi>orted without Mission funds, while 

44 The country about Peking has been slower to others get but little from the Missionary Society. 

recover from the effects of the late political disturb- More than twice the amount given by the Society for 

ances. At Pa-cho, Yen-ching-cho, and on the Ku- school work has been collected on the field. We 

pei-k'ou Circuit there have been some accessions to cannot report any great Increase of membership ; 

the membership, not many. Elsewhere we have but considerable sifting has been going on and we 

made no apparent advance. We have been unable are in a better condition than before. 

to enter new fields because of the lack of money, '■ The Tientsin Intermediate School for Chinese 

and for the same reason the native preachers have Boys has had a prosi>erous year. Help has come for 

been unable to travel over their large circuits as the the Huilding and Scholarship Funds, more than twice 

work requires. At some points the buildings used the amount the Missionary Society could give us. 

as chapels an* very unsuitable. The school work in Our boys are drawn from long distances, and our 

Peking is in a flourishing condition, and the hospital buildings are overcrowded. " 

and dispensary are recovering from the effects of last Lanchou District. — Rev. J. II. Pyke, Missionary 
autumn disturbances. Our greatest need to-day in in Charge, reports: *' The year, begun in the midst of 
Peking is a suitable place for our hospital and dis- political disturbances and scant harvests, has been 
l^-nsary work in the northern city. If we had the rich in numerical and financial results. Thero have 
money we could now purchase a line location for been 167 baptisms, but we report a less number of 
such work. We need $30,000 for the purchase of probationers than last year, as many of the old pro- 
the site and the erection of suitable buildings, bat ioncrs have fallen away. The collections for Mis- 
There have been 58 adults baptized and received this sions and for self-support almost equal those of the 
year." preceding year, and the amounts collected for pur- 
President H. II. Lowry reports Peking University: chase and repair of chapel property and for educa- 
** We are securing an increasing number of students, tional work are largely in advance. The whole 
from well-to-do and official families, who are able to amount collected and given by the native members 
pay their own way. We have had 150 students, in- was $427, gold. 

eluding 12 in the Theological Department and 4 in " The boarding school at Lanchou has had 30 
the College of Medicine. Wo had to shorten the boys in attendance If we had £500 to make needed 
college year because of lack of funds. A tine new improvements the school would soon be self-sup- 
press has been supplied our Industrial Department, porting. Seven day schools arc in operation and 
We shall not be in the position to do the work we they are nearly self-supporting. The presiding elder 
ought to do until our friends shall provide an en- has been faithful and the preachers generally earnest 
dowment. Aside from the demand for a larger in- and faithful. Ko-chuang has again done nobly in 
come for current expenses, the most pressing need reducing the debt on the church property. The re- 
is tor a hospital and other buildings for the Medical inainder of the debt is 105 taels, and when this is 
Department." cleared off self-support will be in stent. There is 
Tientsin' District. — Rev. Frederick Brown, Pre- one member who gives to the church all his earnings 
siding Elder, reports: "The Tientsin District consists not needed for the support of his family and the 
of seven circuits. The most distant from Tientsin conduct of the business, and for two years he has 
is one hundred miles away, and is reached by three given nearly 100 taels a year. 

days of cart travel. The others can be reached by * 4 Fewer special meetings have been held than for 

boat within two days. We are now in new and several years past, but the quarterly and district 

commodious buildings about the center of the city meetings have bren seasons of spiritual refreshment 

of Ching-hsien, with crowds of people all around, to and power. The members are increasing in knowl- 

whom we may preach the (iospel without hindrance, edge and character as well as in numbers. The past 

Many inquirers have presented themselves. year we have had more than the usual numbers of 

" Litan Circuit is a fine field, but the membership ! appeal for help in cases of persecution, lawsuits, 

has not Increased much. In Nan-pi we have sue- etc., but most of the preachers and many of the 



Sorth ( 7m 



126 



leading member* we mow [hanem determined to 

Hiuiil 8Ucl( rollilillial hills- 

miimimki .s [iis.tiii.-t.— Bet. J. II. Pjrfce, Mis- 
sionary In Charge, report* : "Tbeyi 
many iijiu..r.H »ad threats, and in tone plane* amr* 

but there lias beeu un advance over 
the preceding year. There were ".28 adults and si! 
children baptized. Then.' is a small increase Id pro- 
bationers, i hough most of the old duds have beeu 
dropped. This year consisted ot but eight months, 
uunrt the native members paid 433 taels for all pur- 
poses, which shows a monthly average eoualderably 
higher than the previous year. 

"The members at Shanlialkuan, aided by other 
stations, have raised S"i taels, being about two third* 
the sum needed I., imiku Hie m-.vssary repairs on 
the chapel. The iiidiiaiioiis. an UMObOrU are that 
throe or (our charge* will soou be uhle to pay all ex- 

P--US-.-S. 

" The presiding elder has been [alrhful in all the 
work of administration, and in visiting the churches, 
< railing money, and wise In dealing 
with the official and literary classes, lie needs 
more tender mid so Heltons love. The preach- 
ing force was strengthened last Conference by the 
addition of two young men, graduates of Peking 
University. One was Ktalloned at Shanhaikuau. 
where, bealde* his regular work, he has been able to 
organize a brunch of (he Young Men'* Christian 
Association out of a class of 13 students from the 
Railway College located In that city, and the foung 
Men's Christian Association of Tientsin has gen- 
erously contributed enough to pay his salary for 
several months. The other was assigned to a. cir- 
cuit of three appointments and 400 member* When 
there were quarrels and factious). He succeeded 
In restoring order and harmony and c l o n ed Ihe year 
wiili a HnrlTaJ M ■■> rry appointment, and an ad- 
vance In all the collections. The mission schools 
that train such young men are doing a uoblc work, 

" The greatest need is more and belter chapels. 
We ought to own a good ehapel. parsonage, and 
school property in every city and birge market town. 
This would Mve Mi.- targe aumiul leakage for rent. 

The Mi— i it\n Society ioiu good propenj M 

shuniiaikuau, Bhthmenebal, ami Baangt-uylng, but 

*t ten other places we pay hi«h rent tor indifferent 
or poor accommodation." 

ThvmCA District.— Rev. W. T. Ilohnrt. I'rcsid- 
lug Elder, reports: "The year has bees MW "I 
unrest and rumor. At ilia beginning six young rc- 

formcrs had just been executed Id Peking I 

rumor said ull foreigners were lo be driven out and 

all l/hri-liillis killed. So attendance ill ll-.'il L-li:i E , 

■ i.iies largely (..■11 off, ■ 
were annoyed and persecuted in many ways. But 
In unite of Iheee disturbance* God'l work lu.s sob 
vaneed. Even when rumors were Inttfleat, Mme 
lni|ulrcrs entered the Church. 

" We have opened a new street chapel at Yahung- 
Chlao, thirty-six miles south of Tsunhun, and the 
work there promise* lo build up rapidly. We have 
a growing work .si Tieli Chang, twenty tnllea south- 
east of Tsunhua. There are now Itl d 




llic district, 'J of which were opened during U 
The iwo boarding echools, one for boj 
girls, have beeu filled to their utmosr • ■■, 
medienl work was seriously effeeted 
rumors, bin daring the last few mouths Ihe nil 
ance has been greater than usu 
work lias gone on with a fair mew 
There have been some accessions at nil 
but more on the Boa Liu-ho ami Fetig-jeti in 
than elsewhere. The increase in membership is 127. 
Tsunhun shows the least advance, and progress DM 
been retarded by a lawsuit. Our chapels are grl- 
tlng too small at scleral places. We greatly need 
more missionary money. " 

Dr. >'. B. Hopkins reports the Tsutihua Medical 
work; "On account "I 1 1 1. . ] i _- 1 1 1 f 1 
there was s great falling off In our WOf* MX 
hospital was practically close! :'■ 
ttiosnhs. 1 mode a number of couini-y trip* 
Nan! [reely about among the people. They 
good attention to preaching, but all medicines 
regarded with suspicion as the emp 
lion lo Christlaiiity was thought due to this c 
During the spring months of 1899 the 
treated in the hospital have beeu fairly good 
the in-patieiita have been very much iiiiei.-st.-il, . -n. 
half of them having expressed a desire to lead n 
new life. The number of preeoriptlOM 
the Conference year has been ",+W, and about K,3f»l 
of these have been nee) pattella. The numb, r ol 
patients has been 52." 

Shantung District.— HOT, W, I 1 pA 

s id ink' Elder, re] "'its : " I he disim-l . . 
the Shaiilung province has been unfavorable to 
work, the heavy rains Injured the emp* in iniim 
puts, and in 31 counties the overflow of [be V. -IN. v. 
River destroyed everything. The lighting 
retell in Aiihul and the rumors respecting Tin 
have added to our dlffienltles. Much lanh 
has existed throughout the provli 
serious outrages have occurred. Roman l'*th< 
activity has greatly Increased, and theft thief 
ness seems to bo f ■ miuiiiiic .-uses of litigation in 
iiilirisi ol their adherents. 

"There arc on the district flva charges ami 
ontstattemi where preaching Is regularly 
Talan, I In- I'ustiir has In M dally s-m hvs In the sti.-.r 

chapel, mid the average attendance at B la] >•-.■:- 

ice has averaged 80. The work h,i- pro ape) 

at An. -hi;, i. ml ni il natation of Xing Yalsg 

ho have been received on probation, A g i «-,- 

tenet has grown up nl Hsiu-clinuL.-, but "• hmo 
no iloi]H-l here, flii nllii! has liui.le no ml I an. v. !".■!- 
obang reports law i-one-ri-gailoiis. A prolllablc 
Bible school session, lasting five weeks, was beU H 
Taiim city, Twelve of tin- older m 
dllTereut parts of the dlslrii t Were pres 
of ihe time. The niembers are growing in the 
ol giving though not rapidly. 

"The statistics, show a large decrease in Ot 

lllllMIII ll-l I.: ■ SI 

long -hire I! Baled to come to services 

.int. siinii -s.cv.Ti probatlODcn were received i 

ln| ihe jretv " 



ring 

n of 




Hinghua China Mission. 



127 



Hinghua Ohina 

THE Hinghua Mission includes the prefectures of 
Hinghua and Ingchung in Fuhkien Province, 
China. Mission work was commenced in 1864 and 
remained as a part of the Foochow Mission until it 
was organized as the Hinghua Mission Conference, 
November 36, 1806. 

Missionaries. 

Rev. Wm. Nesbit Brewster and Mrs. Elizabeth 
Fisher Brewster, Rev. Franklin Ohlinger and Mrs. 
Bertha Sen wein forth Ohlinger, Rev. Thomas B. Owen, 
and Rev. Fred L. Guthrie. 

Annual Meeting. 

The Hinghua Mission Conference was held in 
Hinghua city, China, October 18-21, 1899, Bishop 
Cranston presiding. Ong Cong Do was received on 
trial. Da Seong Cho was discontinued. Ng Nong 



the cost of living caused by continual failure of 
crops for several years in succession, the exports of 
produce to Formosa, where high prices prevail, etc. 
This has put great hardship on many of our native 
workers. There has been a slight decrease in 
the contributions for the Home Missionary So- 
ciety. The black or bubonic plague has been 
raging in various parts of our work, and the losses 
to our Church by death have been very great There 
have been many triumphant deaths that have pro- 
foundly impressed the people. Our members have 
remained Arm in the faith, and our preachers have 
heroically stood at their posts during these troubles. 
The unsettled state of the country has been a great 
element of difficulty. There can hardly be said to 
be a government over a large part of our work, 
and where there is government there is little or no 
justice. We have had the most serious cases of 




Siong had died. 01 Goh Hing was expelled. NaCing 
Cing was superannuated. The following were the 
appointments of the missionaries and presiding 
elders : 

W. X. Brewster, Superintendent and Manager of 
the Mission Press. 

Mrs. E. F. Brewster, Editor of Jitcwalist and 
Principal of the Boys' High School. 

F. L. Guthrie, student of the language. 

T. B. Owen, Presiding Elder of Ingchung District. 
(P. O., Hinghua.) 

F. Ohlinger, Presiding Elder of Pooheng District 
and Principal of Bible Training School. (P. O., 
Angtau, via Foochow. ) 

Mrs. Bertha S. Ohlinger, Superintendent of Re- 
becca Orphanage. 

Dung Seng Ngeng, Presiding Elder of Hinghua 
District. (P. O., Hinghua.) 

Li Diong Cui, Presiding Elder of Siengiu District. 
(P. O., Siengiu City, via Foochow.) 

The statistics reported 2,275 members, a decrease 
of 63 ; 2,869 probationers, a decrease of 90. 

Reports. 

Rev. W. N. Brewster, Superintendent, reports : 
M The difficulties have been very great during the 
Chief among them has been the advance in 



. persecution wo have ever experienced, and protection 
seems to be impossible. We get as good or better 
protection than the heathen people in their troubles, 
but that is very little. 

"The work of the year has been chiefly one of 
internal growth and cultivation. With our present 
limited force of workers and with our old methods 
we cannot do much more than hold our own in 
numbers. Four fifths of our people cannot read even 
the four gospels. Hence it takes our preachers much 
of their time running after a flock that has not yet 
learned where to And the rich pasture. We have 
been making strenuous efforts to convince preachers 
and people of this fact, and have made considerable 
progress in introducing the Romanized method of 
reading. 

14 Recently we have begun working a new method 
that bids fair to do much in this line. A good 
brother in America has been sending us money to 
help build chapels. This money we have arranged 
to use in the places where the people need a church 
and are able to read the Ronmuized, a small sum 
being allowed the church building for each member 
who passes a creditable examination in reading. In 
several places the people have gone to work eagerly 
to learn. 

" There has been a marked advance in the lino of 



' 'hum Mission. 



11 1'iTi i'i|r.ii'iiHi.ri It liiir Christian, youth. Mi 

Brewster lins had a year of very bin. I wort, and 
hw borne niiiili fruiL. The atttdente are required 
pay for their education or 1" work for It The tl 
ili'iil* wlin wink Ink'' lli' ■ 

In scholarship, Wt m sun-ly m Deed of buildings 
and teachers. 

"The amount received frutii tlir membership for 
all purposes is M,N(H.:«l, Mexican, being the exact 
appropriation from the Mtaatooary BoelM; In Lmerl- 
can gold, which Ik now a little- more than double 
tho value of silver. The aggregate increase of self- 
support) exokunre of ,iny schools which Were not 

report.-.!, a nit- to*78B.«, HulHD, There li.-i- 

been a wholesome weeding out of unworthy mem- 
bers and tho tone of the Church Is distinctly itn- 

Uisthict.— liev. Thomas B. Owen, 
P. E., reports : " There have been quite a number 
added in the iiiuriii rtini u general deepening i>i 

Last year 1 
was compelled lo drop tlvo of my preachers on ae- 
■■niiiit i.i ineflkleney. TMi year I have let two other* 
(to for tho mob reaaon, A tattling school [a hn- 
piriiiivi-lv needed in this district, as the dialect is 
entirely different from that Of BlnghOB, A dwelling 
[or tho mtasiouary is greatly needed. Be i- now 
11 iltig i» one corner of the chapel at Teklioe in miscr- 
ubly dump room*, At Eng Chan Hie people are 
building a church, uud chapel. The Hoarding Bohool 
t.( tho Woman's Foreign Missionary Society at 0-in 
ban hud a good rear. The school tuu been full, and 
tin- girls ami women have been much interested In 



Centra] China Mission. 

THE Central China Wanton iaol 
CUna, with Ita central station at the city of 
(Tanking, Mission work ma Dommenoed inDecom- 
ber, 1887, by missionaries from Ilie FoOehoW Kln- 
sion, and it was organized as a separate Mission In 

»w, 

id Mm. Nora Jonas Bowen, 

mid Mrs. Knee Hnnn Halt, 

Rev. James Jacksoiwiud Mrs. Jane Radcliffe Jacks 

Rev. Edward James and Mis. Murv LeDoupJamcs.E. 
R. Jellisou, Ml), and Mrs. Rosa KvderJrlllH.il, liev. 
Edward 8. Mule mid Mr... dime lime [.title, Rev. 

Rol.cn K. Maclean mni Mr- Kill- I' 

Jenac F. Nrnmaii and Mrs I, mi *v -.- 

Bar. Don W. Nichols and Mr- \iiii» i iihi.eriv Nni ,- 

ols, Rev. llarrv V. linn- m.d Mis II. I-'. Hone. liev. 

George V Btuart. M I'., and M-- B 

■ 'i- [.. A'. i, Mi«s Laura C, llanallk, 

Mra. Louise M. Waller. On farfoM*— Ber. Robert 

C. lle-lic. M.D.. mni Mr-. Harriet I. Inn lleel M '. liev. 
Charlea F. Kinder, I'U.II , and Mrs l.nlL, Knill 
Kupf'T, Hev. Auizi I.'. Wright mid Mrs. Battle Kr sh- 



own ir. Unnrina. 



Wright. 



The Annual Mc-Hiu; of tin' Central China Mission 
was held in Hanking, November •'.-'.'. 1890, Blahop 
Cnnaton prealdlnii Bl Thou Bhen ■■■ 
trial. The aggregate of tie- benevolent collection* 
mafaU.U, Mexican. The statistics reported 1,681 
Bl : 3,«T* prol mi ioners. nn 



:.'. Tha following were 
ments ol the missionaries ; 
C. F. Kupfer, Superintendent (absent on leave). 
It. I-!. Maclciin. I'r. si.lini: Elder of Kinkiang Dis- 

J. F. Newman, Preacher In charge of KinkiangCliy 
and Circuit ami President of Kiukiaiig Institute and 
Central China Biblical School. 

Mi--, i.. If, Waller, Matron of Klnklaag institute. 

t;. A. Stuart, Presiding Elder ol Nanking Ulsirici 
and President of .Nanking L'niversily. 

Edward James, Preacher In charge of Klaug Ling 
Chen, South Nanking, and West Nanking <;- 

W. F. Wilson, Preacher In charge of Nor) 
king Circuit and Professor of English In Nanking 
University. 

A. J. Bowen, Dean of College of Liberal Ait- ..; 
Nanking L'ulversity. 

E. 11. Jellison, M.D.. Physician in charge of Philan- 
der Smith Memorial Hospital in Nanking. 

Miss I., llanillli. Assistant and Nurse in Philander 
.: Hospital. 

Don W. Nichols, Presiding Elder of Nutichaug 
District. (P. O., Nam-hang.) 

1!. F. Howe, Preacher In charge of Nanehnut- > n 
(P. O., Wnhu.) 

Miss F.fllo I.. Abbott, in charge of work among 
women on Nancliang District. 

James Jacks Praaldlng Elder ol Wnhu Dlatrici. 

E. H. Hart, M.D., Physician in charge of Wuhu 
Hospital 

E. S. Little, Presiding Elder of Yang Chow Dis- 
trict. (P. O., Chiiiki:ir.«.! 

R. C. Becbe, M.D., absent on leave. 

HKPI.I1T-. 

liev. Carl F. Kupfer, Superintendent, i 
" 'I'M'.- |M-i ii-iir lias l.i-i.-n one ol expHnsion. It h 
been found necessary to establish a new centra) at 
tlou in the Interior of Kiangel i'r- 
ehungfu, which bids fair to develop rapidly. 
thine i.t her large cities will soon demand OH 

■ rk Is growing around them. One • 
these cities is flanking, the provincial capital < 
timihwi'l, and another la KluToh Chen, In thee* 
corset "f Klnngat, which is asking for workers ai 
offering a grand opportunity. We are greatly n 
inn more missioiiaries, both iti our . . 
the work of the Won inn's Foreign Mis- 
The educational work has l>eeu maintained In 
usual vigor. Tho Biblical School has b 
ferrcd from Nanking to Klnklang. A n--i 
the fourth In the Mission, is being bulli hi Klukla 

Kh mas-, and NiM.iMi l>i-nitn is are r<; 
Rev. Carl F. Kupfer, Presiding Elder : " N 
change Is noted in Klnkiauu city. We have g 
property in Slut Ho, but no momb 
enoelleni property In Han Kisiin>.- ai ■ 

peeled from the new pastor. Shuiclinug llslcn li 

yielded a fair harvest. A good lucre 

at Knng Lang. The proaped is I 

Hwaog Kltang. Trikia Fang has tried the Call 

fniili fur ii while, and Is now shutting si 

Ing. Hwang Mel llslcn haa bad a turbulent year.ai 



Central China Mia. 



the preacher was unmercifully beaten by Catholic 
thieve* and robber*. Sco Sung Hsien is doing well. 
Its membership Is Increasing, and they hare secured 
a choice site foe a new chapel. Tlkang has made a 
good beginning. 

" Wnhu, Second Street, baa passed through the 
trial of having a pastor disciplined. Lu Kang, In- 
longing to Second Street, has made excellent prog- 
ress. Ti Kt Shan is the Wnhu Hospital appointment 
and has kept tta light brightly burning, and with 
good results. Ylln Tsao has had some family aud . 
ohurch quarrels and also some persecution. Tal 
Ping Fn suffered by the suspension of the preacher 
in charge, but regained Its losses later. The church ' 
baa been remodeled with native meant*, and the 
members arc hopeful and happy. 

" Hocheo has had a good year and an admirable ' 



dent, reports: " During the past year the attendance 
has not been as great as during the year I8U8. The 
reduction lu numbers Is largely due to the empress 
dowager's coup dVfaf, although the stricter require- 
ments of our school are partly responsible for the 
decrease. This reduction baa been to onr evident 
disadvantage Hnaneially, us those who have failed to 
come are the paying pupils. The religious work 
among the pupils has been of a very satisfactory 
nature. The pupils have grown In the knowledge of 
the Scriptures, and among the Christian boys there 
has been a very decided quickening of the spiritual 
life. The graduating clous of the year consisted of 
four excellent young men, all of whom have been 
retained in the academy as teachers. At the com- 
mencement of the new year a large number will be 
advanced from the academy Into the college." 




site baa been secured for a new church and parson- 
age. Klang Ling Chen has had a hard year. Nan- 
king has four stations. The university chapel lias 
had no native pastor, and the president of [he uni- 
versity, with some of the teachers and student*, have 
attended to the work. St. Luke's Chapel lias made a 
good record ; gathering the fruit of the hospital, its 
influence reaches far and wide. Ping Sz Kial Is 
an excellent place for street preaching. Kit I Long 
Is not expected to have a separate congregation, be- 
ing near the university chapel, but It Is a choice 
place for woman's work. Shan Sing Ho, a suburb 
town of Nanking, has given signs of new life. Chin- 
klang la largely institutional lu its work. West Side 
Chapel la a good center for street preaching, but not 
favorable for the development of a congregation. 
Tangcbow is full of rich possibilities, anil greatly 
needs a church building and a medical missionary. 

" two short visits in the Nanchang District is all I 
was able to make. At Nanchangfu, the central 
•tat Ion of our southern Kiangsl work, a commodious 
home for the missionary has been built. This home 
la happily aUaated on the Kan River, hard by the 
citr, and we should have another for a medical man. 
This city will soon have tbe bells ringing from the 
steeples ol two large chapels, chiefly erected with 
native means. Tbe numerical and financial suc- 
cesses of tbe work on this district Is phenomenal.'' 

NisaiNtt Usivebsiti,— Dr. (!. A. Stuart, Pnsi- 



ClirNKUSti I>stiti te.— Rev. Carl F. Kupfer, Prin- 
cipal, reports : " This Institution bas been laboring 
under a great disadvantage during the year, having 
had no continuous foreign supervision. In the early 
part of the year the senior class was given work else- 
where. Pour of the young men entered the Biblical 
School at Kfukiaug, one the medical school at Nan- 
king, one is preaching, and the seventh Is monitorof 
the school and Instructor In photography. This 
draft weakened the status of the school, but a good 
nucleus remains. The Industrial deportment Is at 
present the most important feature." 

Xankincj Cimitit. — liev. Edward James reports: 
" The work on this Held lias been of absorbing Inter- 
est. The number of baptisms is only a fraction of 
what it might have been. There has been an In- 
crease In the number of preaching places on both 
sides of the river. With Hocheo as the center of the 
north of Hie river circuit, we hove eight regular 
preaching places within reach, with memliere or 
probationers at till of them. Only one chapel Is 
rented, and this we hope to displace, next year by 
building. In three of the places homes are opened 
[or ehaliel use. During the year the Hocheo Circuit 
has contributed for all purposes $233.49. South of 
the river, on the Kiamt Ling Chin Circuit, the iieoplo 
are poor and have not yet been educated to giving, 
as they think that by entering the Church they escape 
the expenses of worship and religious life. On the 



130 



South Nanking < in-nii we have OM suburban and 
two city appointment*. The} ur.- nil street chapels, 
mid tln« numlier of beaten is HmlUd only by the 
slae of the chapels. We have uii the three part*: 
Compering the Nanking Circuit 132 members, 3I. r i 
probationers, and the collections for all purposes 
were $325.77. fl't report 17 baptisms." 

Wiiii CiKcflT.— Rev. J. F. Newman reports; 
" Notwithstanding the necessity of disciplining two 
native preachers, there arc signs ol progress. Tl 
K»n has been opened for the tlrr.t time by our Church. 
I.u Kan has rented a chapel, remodeled It, anil 
turned it over to us for ]>ri.'ni-liiuir services, and large 
audiences gather nt tin- preuehiin: services. Nu Wii 
Chou will give encouraging results whenever we eait 
station there a preacher. Ton Tsao has experienced 

persecution, bill llic ti 1» r- liuve remained tin. . 

We greatly need a chapel. We have a couifortable 
little panonage for the pastor. The membership at 

T»i Ping Fn has generously •■ ■iiniicd in the nmi- 

plelc renovation of th"C Impel. Second Street, Wuhu 
Buffered much from the shortcomings of the former 
pastor. On the clreult we have 271 members and 
prntMUonen, The past yearthcrc won H baptlami 
and ♦333.33 were collected, of which $337.78 were for 
local purposes and (15.44 for missions." 

NaMcaUN DIBTOICT.-IIbT. II. W. Nichols, Pre- 
siding Elder, reports : "This has been a year or 
building and repairing chape Is and parsonages. No 
district In the Mission is In better shape for carrying 
on eviLn.iri'listif work i.r lias belter homes for lis 
preachers than the Naneliang District, and this has 
been accomplished, so far as native parsonages are 
concerned, without I In- aid ut ihc Missionary Society. 
The chapels have also practically been built by the 
native Christians. 

"We take public collections In all our congrega- 
tions every Sunday and monthly subscriptions from 
every member. Wo urge all to giro liberally. In 
point of liberality these native Christiana have noth- 
ing to lose alongside of the best of earth. Out of their 
poverty they give liberally. 

■' We have worked in \'2 counties havings popula- 
tion of 7,000,01)0, wild »1 preaching places, which 
could be doubled in 13 mouths if we could only 
supply preachers. We have preaching places In 
each of the 13 county seats, nnd own property In 8 
of them. In the other 8 we rent— the entire expense 
being borne by the natives, with one SXMptJon. <•< 
the 30 preaching places, we own property In 13, val- 
ued at tl 1,500, local currency, all of which has Iweu 
paid by tho native Christians Willi the exception of 
•541). 

" If [lie Missionary Society would only take these 
children of Providence to heart and give them aid lo 
the amount of one dollar for every two they raise on 
the Held for Ave years, at theend of that time this work 
would not only be self-supporting, but would be giv- 
ing liberally to carry theOospel into destitute regions 
beyond. I believe tho day is past when the Mission- 
ary Society should do more than give a grant-in-aid 
to the work In China. 

"Onr native preachers have been faithful in the 
discharge of I heir duties as pastorsof these large cir- 



Central China Motion. 



I' chinch. 

■11, among them 
inilig lo build a 



cults and difficult stations. Two chop 
(mill in Xuiichaug, both well located. In Feng- 
cheu-hieii the citizens presenled ua with a Buddhist 
monastery which we converted into a chapel and a 
parsonage. Adjoining this monastery is a large 
i.'iiiplc, S0xl3o feet, out of which the idols have been 
removed because of their objection to remaining so 
close to where they were being preached against. 
The ciders of the city are no* talking of 
us the temple. I have baptll*d 12 persons 

■ city the past year. 

" In Kleu-chang-fu we have a splendid pror 
purchased by the members of that city. It Is on 
high elevation In the heart of the city. Wi lime 
splendid opening hen-, audi he prefect ni, inly i 
mi me and remarked That we box" 
people ■■( I lie eli; connected with 
.vuily baptized ID men here, 4 of 
In Nau-feug-hlen I baptized 13 
7 degree men. Our people arc p 

' good church. 

' "Our work is growing spiritually, and in a 
few years we will raise up u native ministry oi 
Held sufficient lo man the work. During the 
we have licensed four young men of much promt 
The iucrenae of membership is very ancoon^ 
(In- list of probationers is large ly in ■ 
year, and we have over 4,000 inquirers. Our coll 
lions have been excellent! During the year 
built a good home for the missionary. 

" We need four young men with grace, grit, and 
common sense, to do evangelistic work ; we need 
some e. intended woman to do work among the 
women. We need eoiue consecrated men or women 
or some consecrated church lo assume lie- support 
of the work of tins district independent of their reg- 
ular offerings lo the Missionary Society. W< 
(3,600 to meet the demands of (Ids growing 
With such a sum at our disposal we can aid wi 
churches lu the support of their pasta 
them In employing teachers to open schools for 
education of their boy-sand girls. By a little aid 
could encourage them in building chapels and schi 
houses. With such a sum at our disposal 
year for five years the work would bo put in 
u shape that ever afterward It would be self-sup- 
porting." 

Statistics.— Baptisms during 1899 were 356 adults 
olid 37 children, a galu of 31 adults. The total mem- 
bership is 1,531. The number of probationers Is in- 
creased from 2,437, reported last year, to 2,478. Add 
tho 338 adult baptism* (which iiime mostly from last 
year's probationers) to the net Increase of 
and we have 400 new n 

I io tiers this year, which is less than one third of 
year's Increase, which was 1,387. These fig 
dicate a uormal, healthy growth. The coll 
in Mexican dollars, were 
support, a gain of 1100.48; 1291.81 for thr 
ary Society, a gnln of (31.24 ; (30.17 for other 
olences, a decrease of (1 ,78, Thi 
for local current uses JdSfl.SO, a gain of *308.1*. 
the matter of finances we had 
slowly ,'imong a mercenary peopl. 





(181) 
THE MISSIONARY PULPIT. 



The OaU to Personal Servioe, | would do anything for this world must do it in 

i spite of circumstances, thev must do it by the skin 

(Be ye doer* of the word.-Janies 1. tt) , of (Mt t(<th t)>ey mut ,,„„ , t ,,,„ (>( „,,. flre 

|F" you are prepared to do anything for God that ' 44 Well, 1 ' you reply, M a man can do no more than 

I Is* in the least degree worthy of him, gird your- he can do!" Now, that sounds like a very deep 

s**I f. **nd \re ready to face almost overwhelming philosophical saying that you must take slowly in, 

difficulty. If you mean only little things for find, but in fact it means nothing. Men never know 

you v«~2II have little trouble in doing them; and if what they are, what they can give, what they can do, 

yi>u it lean less things than that, you will have no until their soul awakes. "Stir up the gift that is in 

tr«.»iil>Ic at all; hut if God has put a great thought thee." 

iut «> your heart, it will mean a sacrifice and a battle. " If you seek for hidden riches dig in your ribs— 

Y<»u never do a really large thing easily. The work the splendid treasure, the magic gold is then*. The 

you x^&ssionately desire always looms impossible. solution of all difficulties is in the soul. Life is not 

Circumstances fetter you, hut you must resolutely a question of tangible means, deft tools, soliciting 

work In. fetters. Physical weakness must not deter opj>ortuiiity, it is a question of interior power and 

you. Robust people are always going to the seaside enthusiasm finding means In things that an? not, 

to ket. A p up their health, whilst frail men and women, mid making things ridiculously inadequate to have 

r*-c<las shaken with the wind, keep the Church going, wonderful magnitude and efficacy. 

!*«"> not c?xcuse yourself because you have no leisure. "Out of my trouble have 1 done this," might have 

h"*il f tli €3 work of the world is done by men who been the confession of Tycho Brahc, who made his 

ha.v«? n<> time, and who therefore make it. great discoveries without a telesco]*\ showing that 

The lftck of money is sure to embarrass you. what an astronomer chiefly wants is not a big glass. 

^"■"*r to their power, I lwar record, yea, and be- but a big eye. "Out of my trouble have I done 

J" ***-! tlioir power they were willing of themselves." this," might have been the confession of Christopher 

The wKlwwIth two mites felt herself poor, so did Columbus, who crossed the Atlantic in an old tub 

the millionaire in 1 Kings K, building a golden palace, that we should hardly use to-day for a Newcastle 

" V°U aarconc of God's loved children you have a eollier. 

** r Mil l>i^ger than your circumstances; thank him. "Out of my poverty have I done this," might have 

f, *>~ «>f people have circumstances bigger than l>een the plaint of Turner, who painted some of his 

5" "*<r»*il. masterpieces with colors mixed in broken teacups. 

* *»«*.t. a magnificent giver God is ! We see Hi at in "Out of my trouble have I done this," says John 

e **o landless, infinite outpouring of the riches of Milton, old, poor, and blind, as lie enriches the 

1 ******•**■. We see that in the never-ceasing shower of world with " Paradise Lost." "Out of my low estate 



^V**^* *^xad perfect gifts imparted by the government have I done this,"' says John Hunyan, when he gives 

WC> *S. And we see that supremely in the redemp- you out of Hedford jail the Land of Heulah, the 

j. rx c> ^ the world by our Lord Jesus Christ. "Thanks palace Beautiful, the shining ones, the country 

^^to God for his unspeakable gift." If we take that is green the year round, the city of gold and 

f « ** *"*<iliest gift and grandest sacrifice to Calvary, glass, which, when we see, we wish that we were 

-j"^*" ^-t'windle into nothing in sight of the cross, there. 

^-, *!** ** is that we pour contempt on all our pride. jf t then, when at our l>est we arc poor, let us not 

j-^ ****« given us mountains' of gold, and when we live below our best. If our liest work is poor, let us 

Tll e ^1 to back the most, it is hut a few particles of not offer God less than our l>est. David, at least, 

^»ti t vilriK dust. did his best ; let us do ours. Let us not mock God 

j *" "* rr *«*tiiues yon may have to grieve over the lack by any paltriness of spirit. Let the language of our 

^ ' *"**"apathy and cooperation, but if it should prove 8 <hi1 be, " More shouldst thou have if I had more." 

*|| c "» ****1 1 set your hand to the task and dare a splen- Let us prove the reality of our gratitude, faith, and 

f " ^"•■-fclation. Do not allow the gathering infirmities eonsecrution by doing to the last point of possibility 

n41 ^^ to quench your zeal and effort. Put into the whatever in us lies. 

atl ^^^ing range of work higher qualities of faith Do not wait until you have "spare time," "spare 

X ***ivotion. Do not even allow private sorrows rash." or " span-" anything else ; do your best with 

xp ^ e tiy or discount your public service. "So I things as they are. and faith, which is the genius of 

ln ^ ^ unto the people in the morning : and at even ' the heart, will surprise you and the world. If it 

Co ^Ifcdled: and I did in the morning as I was pi«» U se God to give Methodism a soul, it will cou- 

^^.^"^anded. 1 * tinue to find finance when* then* seems to be none. 

„^. **^n a young Greek soldier complained that his to make instruments out of the stones of the brook, 

*» 1*^^ w ** short, a veteran instantly answered him, and to do impossibilities in the service of the race — 

A ^***H add a step to it.' 1 And I say to you who //,,,. n\ /.. \\',itkin*»H. 

- Vourselves short of time, short of money, short 

\^ ^^-ength, short of opportunity, "Add a step:" . . 

^tW wnn!« make un for the deficiencies of "Gink, give, be always giving : 

ttitt* wows, mane up lor ine mncienuts oi Who gives not is not living. 

"**^rial, opportunity, and Instrument by an intenser Tj H » m ,, ro you give. 

"^Hation, enthusiasm, and sacrifice. They who] The more you live." 



^ 



MISSION AH \ CONCERT. 



Keaiiivi. Si iii it i m: : I'sa. '.< . 1-12. 

Bnenia; Katbodlai Hymnal, Hymn 8]fl ; 

i">.i|iirit of ineiiuiipsiiiid. 
In all thy plenitude of pane. 

I'lllYKI!. 

>ist. si : Kethodlat Hymnal, Hymn fit": 

ntjiinl up. stand l]|< fm ,r. ■ 

V. Hits of the cross. 

QOWTIOM <>u The Kmpire of Korea. 

A i.iiiifit, on Protestant Missions in Korea. 

Si m.i Si i : Kethodlat Hymnal, Hymn 503: 

Onward. Clirrsilj.il -.ililn-i--.: 

Hatching us U> war. 

COLLECTION. 

REriHENCEs: Eiviyilai/ L{U i'< AW..i, hi IV !.. t.if. 
(Md , Kbrwm IWaa, by II. H. Altai ; Anon Beatenst, 
by .1. S. (ink- 1 Xarw sad /frr MtyUera, by Isabella 
Bird Bishop; Kbrtd IRtaoyJ Md IftfMa, by W. E. 
Uriffls; Kami /"<■.». /'» VafUti, byO. «", Oflmore, 



Questions on Korea. 

H'Aui it fifa OMBg EwWf &bOHt rtghly-t«n ihou- 



IV/lOt U Ifc ..'Jimiif. ' One of Mil' lllll'BCftllll health- 
iest In tba n.'rl'l. 

Il is ItllCrtllllll- 

tUbMWMll Um Muiik'i.li.-'l'iirti.r i. l i 

lug .mil in tba MtmspondMUM of ihe 

upper i:l Best's Ihe I 'hlne.ic cli.-irae ters are largely used, 

flM Kami mi in i;- ■ -. ■''■-' 

i !/,„( ,■. .'.':, ,/..:■ ,.,„i ' 'Hi.' mpttOr is uli lude- 

|iendr.nt sovereign, hut. hie power Is modified to some 

Bitten! by bliOBMntt. 

11'... ... /,',. ,-.„,„, u./ wm-.u-d. .' Ilcul Yl ascended 

Mir iiiruiii' u king in I8M, mi'] wanned ftt ol 

•opetor Ootober IS, law. Si 1- nokoned Um Udr- 

1 ,. Mi :n sin ,-. ■--;■. 11 -in.-.- 1 in- founding of the [iivwal 

iiiiiusiy in un. 

11 w fa 11- - HMen s/ „.- 1 1 

lipiHT ■ hisses live ill Ni'i'llisii'ill. Till' 

|ii-.i»inii women arc accusiomcd to haul labor at 
bomc anil In iliv in -i.i-- ' I'l: !■!■■■ ,i|.' in j native schools 

What fa IM matoM nfatttfta to man lajN .- Tin- una] 
age for marriage lsl> fur I mini ami 14(01 11 woman, 

A ffo-6r/««M is general!} nuplofed, and the parties 

.,1 h iiiJu-r until the day of the wedding. 

mat 11 i':, . The worship of 

■ Beaton, la preva- 
lent. Confucianism Is L.-ki in Ugt rili-nn. Then 
are many Bnddhtata. 

Wlirn 1™, i'l,ri>ritinitft :ii!n-ii /in/.. K" 1 ■<■( 1 ' Over 

.iiii'liimilri'il jreanago, bj tbi Roman Cathollca, who 
reported !" 19B7 lb"' ""> In"' i" KowmW missic 
arte* and 28, mi adherents. 

m u Prorata ■ 1 »r iKa ■ 



at By Rev. John Ross, of Hie H 
terlau Mission at Moukdcti. China, » ho made 
Ovulation ft 1 he New Testament into Koreai 
-Mil in ilpiirt ell rs into the northern portion, sud ul i_ n 
visited Korea between the yean 18TB ■ 

mat Fronted aYMaM aawataetaaM i»l il llnlliila— 
A'.ivit/ Missionaries from the United SUM* repp^^ 
HotJng the Preabylerhui Cbnrch, North, in l^-amTa* 
Methodist EpHcopaJ Church, in ikn.\: Preaftyterlajaaaa 
Chitreb, South, In IWJ ; Biptlsls, In 1816; MeUiodlaasaa, 
BptacopaJ Church, South, in l**); rounir Hen 
Christian Asaooiniioii of Canada, in ISS9; Inlaililaaa I 
Utaa from Kiiifimid re[inisemiii(i 1 lit* Anglican BpcB ■ 
ety lor the Propatfalion of the Gospel, in 1*«J. Tl no 
I'rfslij tirians of Australia wilt niis-ioiiarii-^ in 190 J — 
These mlaeiooB reported In IrWT thai liny lin.l "p 1111 — 
sionarlea and 7TT baptised native Christians, mil 
they bad several emjollent edneadonal Inatttttlkma 
for b"lh l«>! - I ■ 

iu, ( f,,rv,ini ■' ,i..if;/»i/;...i,. 

A'..,.-.. 1 Mi-, laabella ilini Blahop, in bei 
Ki-rra a.ul II., SVrMX*, publlahed i" SOTember, I9BT, 

"t lulmibii'illi il >iiil.Iisliiiii-ut iA liii-li lias ciff 

clsetl and Is eierciHlng tin? most powerful educa- 
tional, moral, and toteHertpal luflnetioe in Korea is 
the Pa Cbai College (•" Hall for the Rearing of tTaa- 
fnl Men "), so Darned by the ktog in 188T. This, 
which l.ilonj/s to Hie American Methodlsl Episcopal 
Church, lias had the advantage of one principal. Kec. 
H. ii. Appenaeller, for ''leten years. It has a Clil- 
iifs.' f„-,.,,i.i deportmenl for tbe leaohtog 

riiini'-i- .-li..-.-.i l '.-. St,.-fli,l.r, Imnrtal tlUtory, etc., a 
amall theological department, and an Engllc 
partment, In whloh reiwiink-, grammar, compoalttoii, 

sj.i'lliiik-, history, neoL'rapli; , arlllimctii', ami ibc elr- 
ini-ms of clii'iiiisiry and natural piiilosopby are 

" Dr. Jalsohii, a Korean 1d11cut.1l in America, has 
recently tceiiireil onn- » wi-ek ni 1 Ins col lege tm Hie 
geographical divisions n[ t It- earlh, and Ihc politlcn! 
mill ,■!■■■ It-siai-tii.'al history of Knro]-'. and has awak- 
ened much enthusiasm. A pairiotle Bplrll i- txriiig 
ilevi-loped milling the students, as well as i-ouielhinR 

of the English public .-,- 1 spirit with iistnelit - 

of honor. 

"Tins college Is undoubtedly making a ■■ 
Impression, and is giving, besMcs a libera! educa- 
tion, a measure o< thai broader loielleotnal 1 ■■■ 1 
deepened moral sense which may yet prove the ral- 
iBilonof Korea. Christian Instruction is a 
Korean, and attendance al chapel Is comp 
The pupils are drilled, and earl] 
neai Enropean military uniform. There Is a rhmr- 
i-lung iiebisirlnl ile[iiirtmeiit, which ni'-ludes a tri- 
lingual press and a bookbinding estabHs 
botb of which have lull anploynuMi 

"Early in 1SS ihe govern infill, reeognhslng tl.r 
iiiilioriimi-c of Ihc secular education given in this 
ri,lli-i-i'. miiile an aum-iucnl li>' a hich it could place 
|.ii|.i|s ei j i 10 1 in- number of 'Jim lUen 
1 heir tuition 111.1l the aalnrlea of cerl I 



M*thodiit Epiteopal Korea Mission. 



133 



Methodist Episcopal Korea Mission. 

THE Annual Meeting ol the Kit™ Mlaalon m 
L.iil r.i Seoul, May 12-17, 1899, Bishop Est! 
■. mutOO presiding. 

The following were tin appointment* Ol the mis- 
sionaries : 

\V. B. Scrantoi,. Superintendent [absent on leave). 
Jones, Acting Superintendent, 
t'ln-r in obarge ol Chemulpo Circuit and Field 
: iii League. 

n i.. ippentelter, Preacher In charge ol First 
nan h, Seoul, President of Pal Chal I 

■ -■■■■' . and Manager ol Bookstore. 
W. L treble, Preacher In charge of Pyeng Yang 

r. C. Swearer, Preacher In charge of Tal Sung, 

■■■ >iiivi>il and Kong Clin Circuit. 
\ M. Brooks, Preacher in charge, of Wousan Cir- 
ri. C Sherman, M.D., Physician In charge ol Med- 
ii Wort In Seoul. 

I, M.D., Physician In charge of Med- 
,' Wurli in Wiinm.ti, on rciiini (nun furlough. 
E. D. Follwell, M.D., Physician In charge ol Med- 
ial Work at Prong Tang. 

■ ■ ..lib, Uimuycr of Trilingual Press. 
rtM Woman'a Foreign Missionary Boclety bi rop- 
sented in Seoul by Mary M Cutler, M.D., Emma 
r, M.H., Lillian Harris, M.D., Mies Lulu 

B, Prey, Mini Ella A. Uwli, Miss Josephine 0. 
- life Pierce, Mrs, M. 1". Scranton ; and 
i Pyeng Yang by Roeetta Sherwood Rail, M.D, 
The latest statistics wu have received report 5Sa 

,.'i!J [irnliiiii ■!>. and 1, 042 Sunday 

ini'ii BahohuB 



The Religion of the Koreans. 

JV.i.Y (x indicting statements have been made re- 

mirding the religion "1 the Koreans. Some 

■ concluded that, strlrtly speaking, they have 

Otbara Claim that In addition to Bnddhism, 

has now comparatively little Influence, two 

■i religious prevail ; Hie one enjoying the pal- 

p nf the Stale, and having the Confucian < '"de 

i Its ethics ; the other a superstitious letlohlam, 

the lower Orders. We wish, In Ibis ar- 

a, to point out that while Buddhism, Con fuelan- 

i, and other forms of idolatry exist, there lies at 

* root of all religions belief In Korea a powerful 

d evil apt tit Ism, which alone ('(institutes thereat 

ship of all classes. 



India in the fifth century B. C, and 

■ unreduced into Korea about the year .171 A. D. 

f the Chinese emperor, Ham An, In many respects 

to Confucianism, which bad over three hnn- 

1 years before gained a foothold In the jwnin- 

». Binldhisni did much to advance the cause of 

tt lllsation In Korea. About 1000 A. D. It became, 

r royal patronage, the popular religion ol all 

it on the advent of the present dyuasty 



t ii 1393 various oircn instances brought the system 
lulu disfavor, and it was placed under ban. 

Hut yi-t, to-day, in many wild, mouiitnluiius P- 
ireats, bard by some gushing spring, and overlook- 
ing most enchaining scriiery, may be found groups 

■ I eateries, each containing from five or six 

iiia hundred or more n milks, whose llv.'sare devoti-d 
to the worship of the linages which adorn their 
temples. Tins,' snarem-beaded regetarlaaB live fat, 

sh-i'ii, ami lav.v li\is, ami although looked upon by 
nil nlanann at utter nui.eiisis— iiw lowest, ol nil r 1 1 . ■ 
low— jet every springtide throngs of earnest dev- 
otees may be seen wending their way to their 
sacred retreats, each with an offering of paper, 
emiillis, rlic, and eiu/i. On the day of their arrival 

the pilgrims perton rtuin required ablutions, urn I 

early the following moriiiiik', long bed ire tlie sun has 
risen, tlu-lr offering is placed upon the allar, ami 
amid math beating -I drum-, etiiriging of cymbal*, 
weird chanting of the priests, and frequent bowing 
and prostrations of the silent worshipers, prayers 
aro offered on their behalf. But let us iml tliink 
thut. tbla is the only altar at which they bow. They 
are all likewise slaves of 



t in Confucianism which s 



s of 



n-li^ i„ iV 

On the disestablishment of Buddhism, the study of 
die i liiii'x' clitsMcs was revived, ami for nearly five 
Imndrrd ycur* the books of Mem-inn and Confucius 
have been as devoutly reverenced as in China. Pos- 
sessing an excellent ethie:,l code, Confucianism 
served to establish a measure of law, order, and 
morality In Korea, but the inevitable tendency of 
the system to foster pride, selfishness, despotism, 
polygamy, and atheism has probably more than 
counterbalanced tliisgaln. A highly cultured native 
says: " What Korea might have been without Oui- 
fuciau teachings nobody can tell. But what Korea 
Is with them we know too well. Behold her op- 
pressed masses, her general poverty, treacherous 
and cruel officers, her dirt and filth, her degraded 
women, her blighted families— behold all this and 
judge for yourselves what Confucianism has done 
for Korea." 

Confucianism is in theory one thing, in practice 
igulte another. Even its much -vaunted filial piety 
not infrequently means but a fearful reverence for 
the spirits of departed parents. An aged father or 

i her niiiy lie Ueglccled. illtrented. even hurried 

out of life, bnt all this is amply atoned for by a due 
observance of the prescribed rites at their graves. 
Pent up in the body, the spirits may be neglected 
and Ignored, but once set free they become power- 
ful Influences for possible evil, and must then In' 
respected, reverenced, worshiped. Every person 
is believed to have three spirits. After death one of 
these takes up Its abode in the ancestral tablet— a 
walnut slab, upon which the name of the deceased Is 
written— another accompanies the body to the 
grave, while the third Is said to go either (o the 
heavens or the " underground prison," according to 
the life lived in the flesh. 



134 



Knowing and Nvt Knaxehig, 



I ..[ 1 1 r. ■ ■■■.■.- .: ■ i death of ■ pamti Urn 

eldest son, morning ami evening, worships before 

the tablet io Um roonvrluM Um dead one* lived, 

iK-eMne making MtntMOUs offerings ■••< *'■" ■ -■' ■ ■>'•■■ ' 
tba oeranony baton tin- uecetnJ tablet, hen rep- 
i,-,;r. .1. Hi.- eldest km, robed In sackcloth, is u- 
UBdad bj two younger brothanlD Iwlf-moarntng, 
unit three friends or relatives, one or whom — at tin* 
extreme right— recalls the good deeds of Dm im- 
parted. The tablet Is placed on the chair, an article. 
by the why, which ill no other tlinu bee a pUvM Is 
any K.oreau household. Alter much enforced lam- 
entation, bowing, prostrating, and culling Dpontbs 

shade lo aoci pt theft " moan tacrlttce," nil retire for 

a time lu order thut It" 1 spirit i.iuy in peace regale 
itself with the savor of the offering, and then return 
lo feast and wiiir Ebemaelvaa, Alter the third year 
the performance of inerlflcW (iteeh United lo four 
or Ave time* a year, the most important of which ia 
the tenth day of the tenth moon, when any Korean 
absent from bis native dlatrtBt will irm.l from the 

fiu'iiiist luiiii i.f the kingdom, if ueceaaary, to be 

Iir.--.rM M ikt ptn .in this dale. 

■ . ttr>] worship has oh all classes — the 
low as well as the high— cannot be oroNKlmated, 
ami li i- alwayi Dm hardest and tail thing to be 
given op by those embracing Christ ianliy. To neg- 
lect this shrine is to become a political, social, and 
family outcast— "a traitorous dog, unlit lo live." 
But we have In pttrt anticipated our next subject, 
for there la much involved In ancestral worship thai 
is not nf Confiii.-laiiiMii. Thai svsiem. ignoring »s h 
docs ihi' suiH-rnaiural, required, Tor Its completion 
as a system of worship, KWIethlng oi the -pirn n..l 
to which man, lu his religious nature, ever turns. 
Tills was supplied by a belief in tba 
" JbfMn," demons, or evil spirits, the worship of 
which I? technically known as 



It la a gross mixture of inpenttl Ion, tetti blent, sot 

iiloiiIcb for the propitiation 
iif.iii spiins. Kucniti populate the earth, the sea, 
Mie air. The worship ot the godaot tiH Ulle, tbt 
genii of Irees and rinks, mid iiiHuu.. 1 ■ 

ape cm stum roil 111 1 Of religious eerc- 

Llttlo tcniplcs built at the summit of every motin- 
lalu pass, trees dedicateil at the entrain*: lo every 
village, and lu every home rude fetiches — a wisp of 
straw, an empty gourd, a piece of old pottery — or 
some more substantial Image, represent or become 
the shrines of spirit demons, powerful and malignant. 
To theso tbey aitribnii.- nil the Ills of life. Sick- 
ness, wlv.Tsiti. misfortune, und disaster lire but re- 
sults of their displeasure, which may l»- prevented 
or appeased by offerings of prayer and sacrifice. In 
iMOMM more money is spent ou Hi 1 mills ill I III III 
possessed women, whom they believe have power to 
prippltmte, ..-inice, or drive away the peaecatint 
Spirit— than on medicine for the suffering patient 

Hut tln-.e spirits are not all neoaaaarily malignant, 
and with them li sometime* eaeodatei 
guardianship. A large Vi nuns acriiciit, oil en seen 



winding in and about Hie roofs of their dm 

looked upon as the embodiment o[ the guardian 

Spirit of (lieirl 11.-1-, 11 lid li.etefol-e held iiui ■ 

Iheirllrm belief 111 the i-ilstence nf the dragon, often 

round flgumd in iin-ir temples, they beu un| 

Union y by easting into the watery uVc| 

Heed 10 him. Many mi.. > : 

their evUtcrict in the Imeglnetl ( lugli and low 

iiiik.-. Hut over and above til ■■ ■ 

but llrm 1..' :<ini;. io whom all 

■■ 11..11 ■ rtstei fie- ■■■ ■ 

<■ They know Mm ,,..i, i„.>,. ■. .. 

taring Father, whom they may appro* h In worship, 

but rather m 11 being to be leered, One to whom, in 

■ itreult] of deapalr, we sotneUmea hear 

them cry, but hopelessly. 

Demons alone are the objects of their worship. 
Whether bowing before BttddhdeUo images, Caata- 

clan tablets, the ancestral grave, or the acknowl- 
edged altar of some evil spirit, the Km rami 
seli.-s luive but. one iihiiic for it all— <>..;.. 

'ii/i. For the rniiteriii I ■ 
In [..re which they bow ihey profess no n ' ■ 

wi.iiievcr. ■i-r, ! ,t u tiiey urc the embodiment ■■ ■ 

spirits, who demand, us the price of pence 111.. I 

w 1 r-hip in..: l/i«fo>iory. 



Knowing anc! Mot Knowing. 



Fin off lu heathen countries 

Th. huh' children pray 
To m>ds that cannot save them 

in happj Christ Ian oooatrke 

II'. le.tr ImiW the kin.-e 

To Father, Sou. and Spirit, 

The Blessed One In I bne, 
Tlu-u know of none to pity, 

They kuow of none to save, 
Tiiey have no hope, no knowlw 

Of llfo beyond the Btete, 
II'- know of tine who pftteai 

The l';iih. !■'- tender love 



F.a 



Brt.uglit Jesus ft 






ii 1 > 



s hard tyrsnny, 
in ounii io bursl theh ■■ ■ 
Aud make ihem glad and free. 

Hi know 1 he Son, our Saviour, 

Our ransom price has paid ; 
liis precious blood one 

I In- full atonement made. 

Their hearts wh.m full of grief : 
Tliev know of none to uiiidc them 

Where thev tuny find relief. 
11. know the Holv ^|.irit 

\s .vi by our side, 
To bring us near l<> Jesus. 

To comfort and in guide, 
fl God, our uraclous Father, 

In thy Boii'b Vuiiic n-e pray, 
Send forth thy Ui.tv Spirit 

To beaten the glad day 1 
When 01 iiiy love the knowlndje 

Shall spread from ■ 

Shall thy grcjd S'.i 



Toiling All Night. 



135 



Toiling All Night, 

BT KEY. JOHN O. POSTER, D.D. 

All night In the darkness toiling, 

And seemingly all in vain ; 
In a land of darkest shadows, 

Of sorrow and sin and pain. 
And sometimes our hearts grow wear}' ; 

Oar thinking, with sadness fraught'; 
As doubts and their coining mutter, 

14 You're spending your strength for naught/' 

The Eye that will never slumber, 

That watches the sparrow's flight, 
Can see in the midnight darkness 

As well as the morning light. 
So faith and our hope grow stronger, 

Assured by his boundless love — 
That every doubt will vanish 

With help from the throne above. 

The Master will come in the morning, 

When the long dark night is past ; 
And that which we thought so fruitless 

The greatest will be at last. 
Then we'll sow and wait for harvest, 

The toil is a glad employ ; 
With promises all unfailing 

Of reaping eternal joy. 
Newark, N. J. 



The Christian South Sea Maiden. 

BT REV. JAMES COOTE, M.A. 

From far-off isle begirt with coral reef, 
Whose feet the austral billows lave, 
Upon whose crests the palm fronds wave, 

They bring the little daughter of a chief. 

The dusky maiden tenderly they rear 

In happy English rural home ; 

To her strange peace and gladness come, 
And all her savage traits fast disappear. 

Kesponslve to the new life's subtle spell. 
Iter nascent faculties expand, 
Her mind receptive, deft her hand, 

Dally she cons her tasks and profits well. 

Her teachers love her, she loves them withal ; 
Her inky brows and lissome form, 
Eyes bright as lightning in a storm, 

Dove's voice, find welcome both in cot and bail. 

Fast fade away the thoughts of other days- 
Comrades like naiads on the strand, 
The orange-scented zephyrs, bland, 

And the cicada chirping his shrill lays. 

The raucous parrot, gaudy cockatoo. 
Vie not with robin, thrush, and lark ; 
The graceful fawn on swarded park 

Outrivals far the uncouth kangaroo. 

The lilac, hawthorn, apple blossom sweets, 
With bloom. and fragrance thrill her soul, 
The honeysuckle pays her toll, 

Daisy and primrose as dear friends she greets. 

Through shady lanes in perfect peace she strolls, 
Or on some mossy bank reclines, 
Where bean with clover scent combines, 

Or gone and heather glorify the knolls. 

A child of nature, all the mother's charms 
Appeal to her with added zest 
In this sweet home of peace and rest, 

Afar from savage rites and war's alarms. 



Vet all at once her friends were filled with woe 
As she announced, with lustrous eyes 
And cheeks aglow like sunset skies. 

That to her native island she would go. 

With loving earnestness they all essayed 
To turn her from her purpose strange ; 
'Twas vain. Her mind they could not change. 

Although for many days they coaxed and prayed. 

" You love old England and her ways," they said, 
'• And all of us love you, dear child ; 
Those whom you seek are fierce and wild. 

Savages who, mayhap, your blood will shed." 

41 All this is true, I know full well," she cried ; 

41 But Christ, my Saviour, I have found, 

And can you wonder 1 am bound 
To tell my kindred that for them he died ? 

44 1 were unworthy of his precious lovo 

Did I one moment hesitate 

My life, my all, to consecrate 
To lead those lost ones to the home above." 

41 Yes, I will go to toll them about him," 
Exclaimed this daughter of a chief, 
Firmly, though palpitant with grief, — 

44 I'LL GO IF A LL THE WAY I II AVE TO SWIM!' 

Lawrence, L. I., N. Y. 



"If I Have Eaten My Morsel Alone."— Job. 

Ever of them who have largest dower 
Shall Heaven require the more. 

Ours is affluence, knowledge, power, 
Ocean from shore to shore ; 

And East and West in our ears have said, 

" Give us, give us your Living Bread." 
Yet we eat our morsel alone. 

Freely, as ye have received, so give, 
He bade, who has given us all. 

How shall the soul in us longer live, 
Deaf to their starving call. 

For whom the blood or the Lord was shed, 

And his body broken to give them bread, 
If we eat our morsel alone ? 

— T/w Bishop of Dcrry. 



"Gifts to Jesus," 

We bring our hearts to Jesus 

To have them freed from sin ; 
His precious blood will cleanse them, 

His Spirit dwell within : 
Then, ready for his service, 

We can go forth with prayer, 
To do the work he gives us 

And serve him anywhere. 

We bring our hands to Jesus 

That he mav make them strong, 
To fight the daily battle 

With sin and every wrong ; 
We're soldiers in his army 

And pledged to serve oiir King; 
Then let us lift his banner 

With faith unwavering. 

We bring our seed to Jesus, 

The seed we want to sow. 
That he may give his blessing 

And cause each grain to grow; 
We're sowing for the harvest, 

And pray for precious corn 
To fill the Master's garner 

ri)on the happv morn. 

— ChUdrtit* World. 



(186) 
SKETCHES OF DECEASED METHODIST EPISCOPAL MISSIONARIES. 



Rev. Thomas Garter, D.D. 

Thomas carter was ten tn Ben Tort ■■ny 
July 19, 1819. His father was lice. Joseph Car- 
ter, a Lutheran minister. Re bad ciniit brothel* and 
sisters. Of these, three died in Infancy, ami of lb* 
.iih'-r- Hilly Mo are now IMng, on being Be* 
William IT. Carter, D.D., an Episcopal minister in 
Tallahassee, Fin. 

Puder the Influence ot ■naatncat Christian mother, 
Thomas was converted at nine years of age, and at 
stxieen he was a Sunday school teacher II'- wm 
aduoawd ji CotambiB College, from winch he re- 
ectTed the dafliesl of A.B. and A.M. He studied 
with HieiiewofiDteilikjU»BplMopmlminlaIry,lnu 

wave 'Ida U|i fi>r Uie law. He km admitted lo the 




I. ,u in V'W V.irk illy wln'ii Hu'lity-llve \ 
i d pni "■ ed DM I"; ■■ 

ttlafled Wttb Ilia [in.'Ii 

out with him. 

He attended some Mi-lhodi-i 

htm, and in which the call li 

■ ■■ illJ[M-nitivr' 

lii istr be entered Ike Sen Tort 

, . ol the Uethodtri Epl* 

oopej Cbnrch, and wu ordain* 

a deacon in 1948 by Bishop M..r 

rts, and ordal i u elder In 1863 

i.y Blabop Jane*. In L8H be re 

OdTtd Ma' degree of D.D., frou 

■ iiverBlly. 
He was appointed pastor of I In 

Fuiirii, m,-.,,i Cbttreh in Men 

in 1847 and was sent t< 

Deltd, n. v.. in IMP, in DctU in 

whs married In MlM Kim-line M 
Rutland, kngUt, 1891, find tin- 
mediuiely afterward With Ids young bride went to 

. irben be had charge ol cue Preach 

Mission for live year*, preaching and coiklueiini; all 

the HFTieealn Stench. 

■ urm-d to work in the New York Cou- 
tireme, filling i lit: appointments of Lenox and of 

■ nylon, 

lu 18IKJ he was appointed missionary to South 
Annie*, and sailed with Ids family from Sew fork 
January 4, UM, His first appointment was the 
Buenos Ayr** Circuit, but in November, 1864, he 
was transferred to Rosario. Dr. Goodtellow, Super- 
tntendent of the Htaston, wrote, April 1. HUB; 

"Rosario can hardly be overrated In Impartanoe, 
l>o1b as 10 Its fulure commercial character and an to 

iiiriiiniiing a key to the ripper proYtaoes. We have 

delayed pttfehMttlg **U* [OI I '■Imn-li lu the hope o( 
obtaining one by donation, but we cannot delay 
more than anothei week, Brother I 
tiii? poet. Be hei ■ -. wi,-,- do Bandar mornings 
■niiiedadaj' school of twelve or fifteen 
scholar*. Km the present hta own hired bona* Id 
dealt aaed both (orohttrehaBdoohooI." 



A charch at Kosnrio was soon commenced, nod 
dadlcaced Sorember la, USB, i ■ 

b] SB tea in length, o( which .10x15 feel ■■■ 

Biiart as a ?. 

(Si.OUO.ns well the ground, an* .il.iidm.il from 

in Hoasrto and Buenos Ayres. The lot was 73x900 

feet and was located on a beanttfol comer. 

Mr. Carter was the Bret Froteetanl minister i 
Roearto. His labors were chiefly (or the English rcai- 
di Dta, I. hi in 1*W S|.<anlsh services were Introdnoed, 
and for live yearn a Ionic and llinirisliimr ■!«; - ■ ■ 
was maintained, ciunpuyd allm>«( eulirch ■ ■: 

children. The report for 180S said: "At Boaarto t heau 

is a day school of 50 attending scholars. The New 
IWaraeM is reail to the school daily. There 
children hi the Sunday school am! 150 volumes in the 
of the church and ID 



of age, library. There ai 

probationary members." 

Mesidi-nliislahcrs i&BoBttto, Mr. Carter visited and 

preached at FnaOe H ■ 

hundred and twenty n 

ai Villa Nncva, and oilier plants, 
and often drove oat with his fam- 
ily to visit and pray with the Eng- 
lish and American Quanta* In ibc 
camp a few mile* from UM dty 

Mr. Carter left SoUtfc 
in June. 18TO. returning to the 
L'nited Stales to educate In- ■ m 1 
rtrcn, cherishing Ihe hope of re- 
turning to the land where lie bail 
given nearly six and n half yrmrs 
of faithful service. The ratlin '■■ 
the Mission was not permitted 
him, but he always retained a 
deep interest In it. and n-hen a 
short time before bli death be 
heard that an effort wan befog 
made to erect a new chiirrh in 



Roaario, he contributed (500 toward ft. 

lo !*7:t, Dr. Carter was appointed a missionary l» 

Hexloo, and arrived there with his family Huek 19 

lb! wna Ibc iinrt missionary to lake np Spanish work 
In M.ii.'.i under Hie Mctliodint Kr>i~"---i ■ d Cliuicl, 
He prciiclied in Sp.uiisli in l'acliuca, April LI, ISf^ 
and at Real del Monte the Sunday following. 
April BO be preached in Spanish In the old tiiii-Mim 
quarters, 10 Calle de Lopes, Mexico City. It w 
this building thai his daughter at about this 
Opened a day school ihat afterword came und< 
charge of the Misses Hastings and Warner. 

On December 35. 1873, Dr. Carter 
Spanish the dedicatory sermon at the opening of 
the new chnrch at 5 Calls de dam 
soon made it necessary to return to Ihe 1 'idii d 
States, and he left Mexico February IS. 1*74. He had 
gathered in Mexico City n g'-id oittitregattoii and 
i, siiinliiy ichool of from 50 to 110 scholars, Tent 
colporteurs were raised np by him who canvassed 
the rtt] of Mexico and vicinity. Four yonng "I'-n 
bit lverted under his preaching, wlm, under hla 

■ladled to become pre* ben. 



On 






Metltodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present 137 



Dr. Carter was a frequent contributor to maga- 
zines and papers, and was the author of several 
books among which were History of the Onat Refor- 
mation, AH for Ckritt, and French Mitxion Life, the 
latter being an account of his work in Detroit. 

He was a believer in the doctrine of sanctification, 
and his saintly life evidenced to bis family and others 
that his profession of holiness was a blessed reality. 
He had a passion for soul saving, and had revivals 
in every place where he was pastor, seeking for con- 
versions not only in the church but elsewhere. He 
lived to do the will of the Lord and his favorite 
psalm was the 34th which declares, 4< I will bless the 
Lord at all times : his praise shall continually be in 
my mouth." 

The end was sudden. He died near Khinebeck, 



N. Y., November 3, 1888, and was buried at Delhi, 
N. Y. His death was peaceful and happy. Early 
on Saturday morning he became unconscious, and 
soon after slept in Jesus. Just before the last mo- 
ment a bright smile appeared upon his face as 
though he saw angel visitants and was being wel- 
comed by them. ■ 

Dr. Carter left a wife and four children, two 
daughters and two sons. One of the daughters is in 
the Mission Rooms at 150 Fifth Avenue, New York, 
and one with the mother at Delhi, N. Y. The oldest 
son became a successful physican and died in 1894. 
The other son, Rev. George William Carter, gradu- 
ated at Wesleyan University and is a member of the 
New York East Conference of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 



MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH. 

Methodist Epiaoopal Foreign Missionaries Fast 

and Present, 

Connected with the Work of the Missionary Society. 

WE give this month a list of missionaries whose 
names commence with N,0, P, and R, and shall 
be glad to know if any have been omitted, if any mis- 
takes have been made, or if our readers can furnish 
Information that will make our record more com- 
plete. The present missionaries are in italic. 

N 

Rev. Frank Lawrence Xttid arrived in India Janu- 
ary 24, 1881 ; married Emma Leonora Avery Decem- 
ber 12, 1881 ; returned on furlough 1899. Resides at 
1242 Washington Avenue, Allegheny, Pa. 

Rev. JhMhm H. Nelson and wife (Fannie Bishop 
Capen) arrived in Brazil in June, 1880, to engage in 
self-supporting work. P. O., Para, Brazil. 

Rev. Finley D. Newhouse and wife (Ida Kate Fox) 
arrived in India January 31,1886; left March 22, 
1889. Dr. Newhouse died in Mankato, Minn., Decem- 
ber 19, 1899. Mrs. Newhouse is at Williamsport, Ind. 

Rev. Alexander W. Newlin and wife arrived in 
Mexico April 15, 1895. Mr. Newlin died August 15, 
1895. 

Rev. William E. Newlon arrived in India in De- 
cember, 1875; left 1880 ; died 1884 at Jackson, Mich. 

Rev. Je$*e Ford Xewmari and wife (Lucy Edina 
Wheeler) sailed for China September 16, 1895. Mr. 
Newman is preacher in charge of Kiukiang City and 
Circuit, and President of Kiukiang Institute and Cen- 
tral China Biblical SchooL P. O., Kiukiang, China. 

Rev. John E. Newsom and wife (Emma Ellen 
Day) arrived in India December 29, 1890 ; left Octo- 
ber 4, 1894. In Iowa Conference. P. 0., Welltuan, la. 

Rev. Don Wright Xichot* and wife (Anna Ruth Cub- 
berly) sailed for China November 10, 1387. Mr. 
Nichols is Presiding Elder of Nanchang District, 
Central China Mission. P. O., Nanchang, China. 

Rev. Milton Hopkins Nichols arrived in India De- 
cember 18, 1875 : returned in 1880. Located from t he 
Arkansas Conference In February, 1886. 



Rev. Henry K. Nicholson and wife went to Argen- 
tina, South America, in 1855. Mr. Nicholson left the 
work of the Mission early in 1857, and finally with- 
drew from the Methodist Church and joined the An- 
glican Church. He died in 1871. 

Rev. Louis Nippert arrived in Germany June 7, 
1850; married, Mela Durtze, March 38, 1851, who 
died August 26, 1858; married Adelaide Lindemann, 
July 20, 1859, who died April 6, 18*59; married 
Countess Ida Eleanor Uxekull Gyllenband, June 20. 
1 1870. Dr. Nippert returned to the United States 
September 33, 1886, and died in Cincinnati August 
17, 1894. His widow, Mrs. Ida E. Nippert, resides at 
: 1807 Fairfast Avenue, Cincinnati, O. 

Rev. 11". Arthur X<Mc *m\ wife Mattic L. Wilcox) 
sailed for Korea August 28, 1802. Mr. Noble is in 
charge of Pyeng Yang Circuit. P. 0., Pyeng Yang, 
Korea. 

Rev. Win. H. Norris and wife went to South Amer- 
ica in 1839, arriving in Montevideo October 13; left 
Buenos Ayres August 1, 1847. Mr. Norris was a 
. member of the Board of Managers for ten years after 
his return, and moved to Wisconsin in 1866; after- 
ward moved to Brooklyn, N. Y., where he died Oc- 
tober 19, 1878. 

Rev. Frederick Hamilton Northrop arrived in India 
in February, 1890, and died July 10, 1891. 

Rev. James Abraham Northrup and wife (Harriet 
Miriam Walker) arrived in India December 20, 1877 ; 
left April 3, 1885. Iu Central Illinois Conference. 
P. O., Grand Ridge, 111. 

Rev. Albert Norton arrived in India November 30, 
1S73; married, in Bombay, Mary E. Kelly, in 1874; 
withdrew from the Mission in January, 1876, to en- 
gage in independent mission work ; returned to the 
United States in 1*89, and went again to India in 
1899. 

Rev. George B. Norton and wife arrived in Japan 
August 11, 1889 ; left April 29, 1S93. Withdrew from 
South Kansas Conference in 1«95. 

Rev. Henry Nuelsen and wife (Magdalena Renter) 
arrived in Germany April 15, 1851. Mrs. Nuelsen 
died March 17, 1863, in Oldenburg, Germany. Mr. 



188 M'tlftlixt Bfriaeqpal Foreign Mistionoriaa Punt and Pmmk$, 



Nurlsen married Rosalia Mueller Apr 
Basel, Mwincrinmi ; left Bremen for the Lulled 
Stat™ September 3, 1880. Resides at 2300 South 
Jefferson Avenue, St. Louis, Mo. 



ll.'V. Tims, Henry Onkes joined In India l!i 1875; 

r iti in 1377; returned to India in 1880; 

withdrew in Inland joined tbe Church ol England. 

]{•». Pr*ntB* OAHnpr arrived in China October 
' lima February 11, 1873 ; married Ber- 
th*, BolnrdafoKtl April 37, 1876; relumed to China 
in September, I87B; left China to February, 1885; 
arrived in Korea December 25, 1886 ; left Korea in 
August, 1893; arrived in China in October, 1806, U 
an Independent missionary ; recognized by the Bnurd 
as a missionary of the Society April 19, 1898; is Pro- 
dding Elder of Porlreiig District and Principal of 
Training School in Htnittiuii Mission Conference. 
P.O., Hinglnm, Chirm. 

Rev. William F. Oldham and wife (Marie Augusta 
Mulligan) arrived in India as a missionary in Decem- 
ber, BM, and in Sit run pore in February, 1885; led 
Singapore In September, 1889. In Ohio Conference. 
Dr. Oldham is pastor of Broiul Street Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, Columbus, O. 

Rev. Wm. li. Osborn arrived in India in Novem- 
ber. ISTti ; married Lucy R. Drake in 1870 ; left India 
In ma. In New Jersey Conference. P. O., Haek- 
ettetown, S.J. 

■ d in India in 187*. Mr. 

Osborne line I" 1 '-!! ennsidi-ml a mi-.sionury nf I lie So- 
ciety for many years, and the Hoard of Managers 
formally recogniied him as such July 19, 1898. He Is 
Pnddlng Elder "T Bombay District, Bombay Confer- 
ence. P. O,, Poona, India. 

D. E. Osborne, M.D., and wile (.i.'r Alabaster) 
sailed tat China in August, 1889, and rclnrned In 
i N i 

*ttl and wife (Alma B. Law- 
son), missionaries in Liberia; recognized by the 
Board as missionaries of the Society April 10, 1898. 
Miss Alma Lawson arrived in Liberia May 18, [809. 
Mr. Osborne arrived in Liberia in September, 1893. 
Mr. Osborne married Miss Lawson in February, 
1895, at Cape Palmes. Tbey left Africa on furlough 
March 21, 1«99. Address, 531* St. Charles Avenue, 
New Orleans, La. 

Rfv. Joel OagOOd sailed for Liberia January 3, 
1877 ; returned In May, 1883. 

Ba: Thi*. B. <J**>. sailed for China November 11, 
1895 ; la Presiding Elder of Ingehuug District, Foo. 
chow Conference. P. 0., Foochow, China. 

Bu. Hrrbert Gilt* Oiannr sailed for India October 
21,1899. P. 0.,Raichur, Dttfoan, India. 



i ialhm liirk left Canada for 
India in October, 1886; married Eugenia Wllhel- 
mlna Johnson September 87, 1880; joined the India 
Minimi m ISM. P. 0., Nndlad, India. 

i r and *ifi (Lola Stiles Lee) 
Ml for India April 14, 1859, arrived August 31, 1869. 
Dr. Parker is Presiding Elder of the Borcllly DIb- 



(rict, North India Conference. P. 0., Sb ah j oh an pur, 

Rev. Joslah Parsons und wife |obuMI the India, 
Mission in 1857 and withdrew in 1859. 

Srt-.Janb F.Ralaad vlfl (Emily May) sailed for 
i ■liiiiii.kiniiun -I, USC Mr. Peal tola 0l 
Cheniu Church. I s . O., Chentu, China. 

|[,v. ('Hi: I'.'Iit Petersen and wife (Anna Maria 
Amundsen) arrived In Norway I !<-.-..in l.<r- ::. 1N53; 
returned to America in I85)i ; went again to Norway 
In 18S9, arriving June 34; returned May, 1871. Mr*. 
Petersen died June 3, 18SS, In Milwaukee, Win. Mr, 
Petersen resides In Concord, Muss. 

Rev. Ralph Pierce and wife (Manila Peckl arrived 
In India September 30, 1857. Mrs. Pierce died 50- 

rejnJber 4. ism, u Lnefcncrw. Hr. Pierce married 
Sarah E. White September 1, 1863, in Bareilly ; left 
for America in September, ISfH ; is a superannuated 
member of the Cenlrol Tennessee Conference. Ad- 
dress, Vernon Ansae, West End, Nashville, Telin. 
Bar, L.ari.ier Win. Pilcher left for China August 
11, 18)0; arrived In Peking October 20, 1810, | 
turned in 1S74 ; married Mary II. Garwood J 
8, 187fl, at Monroe, Mich. : returned to China I 
UTS; died in Peking November 3t, 18113, Mrs t 

aba rcsidM in Albion, Midi. 

Rev. John G. Plngrce sailed for Liberia Jam 
30, 1843 ; returned to 1843, 

Rev. Fountain E. Pitts went to South America li 
IBB&vlaltillg Rio de Janeiro, Buenos Ayres, Monte- 
video, etc. At Rio de Janeiro be " formed a email 
sorieiy " und promised I o send them a missionary. 
He preached for several months in Buenos Ayres, 
und returned to the United States in 18311. 

I;,,.. CfewAW BarrttoH Planer joined the India 
Mission In October, 1SS3; married Ella Georgian* 
Mercado March 17, 1880. P. O., Ajmere, India. 

Rev. Nathan James Plumb sailed for China, Sep- 
li unbar 1, 1870; arrived October 14, 1870; married 
Julia Walling December 3, 1873 ; (lied near Foochow 
July 11, 1899. Mrs. Plumb Is n teacher In the A 
Cbleeae College et Foochow, China. 

HlH I ■mm* C. Porter sailed for India S 
3. INfli! ; arrived January 31, 1883 ; retained to t 
(niicl Btmte* in 1*04, and married Ih 

Miss Ethel G. Porter arrived In Peru in Janiu 
1894; left in January, 1899. 

Rev. Elmer Ellsworth Powell sailed for I 
August 33, 1890; left Italy to pursue studies to G 
many In 1893; married Blanche Lotl 
vetnber 8, 1MB; relumed to the United S 
<;, rmniiy In September, 1899. 

Rev. Arthur Wm. Praatob joined the India > 
slon In January, 18SB; married EliMi Ada I 
Jane 17, 1889; withdrew from Ore India M 
September, 18117. and returned to America; 
Manila, Philippine Islands. In 1898. 

Rev. Wesley Prettyman. M.D., and wife (A; 
went to Bulgaria in 1857; returned In 1WM. 
Pretty man Is a superannuated member of the © 
Conference, and resides al Rowland, Ala. 

;•■;!.;■ and "-i>(Anabet G 
sailed for China, October 7, 1*73. P. O., 1 
China. 



4t%\\\\\\\m 



Notes. 



139 



Rev. Gro. Frederick PykeH left England for Singa- 
pore in February, 1891 ; admitted to the Malaysia 
Conference in 1893 ; married Amelia Towers Young 
February 15, 1894 ; Principal of the Penang Anglo- 
Chinese School. P. 0., Penang, Straits Settlements. 

Jfcr. Morris Jonathan Fusty and wife (Ida Linn) 
sailed for Peru January 10, 1899. They are in charge 
of the school at Callao, Peru. 



Rtv. John L. Reeder sailed for Chili in January, 
1«*9. P. O., Iquique, Chili. 

Rev. Win. F. Rise and wife (Emma Jean Parsons) 
arrived in Argentina December 3, 1896. P. O., 145 
Calle Garritt, Lomas de Zamora, Argentina. 

Mi** Dorothy M. Richard sailed for Chili Decemt>er 
3f>, 1896. P. O., Concepcion, Chili. 

Rev. Erwin II. Richard* and wife (Carrie Duncan- 
son) arrived at Inhambane, Southeast Africa, as a 
missionary of the Missionary Society, January 4, 
1896. P. 0. v Inhambane, Southeast Africa. Dr. 
Richards hail previously been a missionary in Africa. 

Rev. Ira A. Richards arrived in India November 
127, 1879; married, in Madras, Ellen Cornelia Smith, 
January 4, 1881 ; left Bombay for the United States 
in August, 18815; returned to India in December, 
1889: left India March 12, 1896 ; is now manager of 
the Wheeler Electric and Manufacturing Co., 22 W. 
Naghten Street. Columbus, O. 

Rev. Engelhardt Riemenschneider and wife (Catha- 
rine Nuhfer) went to Germany in June, 1851. Mrs. 
Riemenschneider died in Germany August 19, 1865. 
Mr. Riemenschneider returned to the United States 
in 1S70, and died in Chicago, III., September 22, 
1*99. 

Rev. Ellis Robert* arrived in India in November, 
1391. P. O., Lingsugur, Deccan, India. 

Re»\ Wm. Edwin Robbitis arrived in India in No- 
vember, 18?2; married Alice Ellen Miles March 1, 
1478. P. O., Kalyan, India. 

Rev. Joseph F. Roberts sailed for Chili Decem- 
ber 30, 1896, and died at Iquique, Chili, July 19, 
1997. 

Rev. Jama B. Robertson, a missionary in Liberia, 
ires recognized by the Board as a missionary of the 
Society April 19, 1898. He arrived in Liberia Janu- 
ary 22, 1889; married Lena Carlson July 15, 1892. 
who died July 23, 1896. He married Frieda R 
Smith June 11, 1898. P. O., Jacktown, Sinoe Co., 
Liberia. 

Rev. John Thomas Robertson joined the India Mis- 
sion in January, 1892; married Amelia Maria H as- 
kew October 18, 1891. P. O., Cawnpore, India. 

Rev. John Edward Robinson arrived in India De- 
cember 18, 1874; married Henrietta I-ester Terry 
November 15, 1876. Is editor of Indian Witne**. P. O., 
Calcutta, India. 

Rev. John Wesley Robinson and vife (Elizabeth 
Fisher) sailed for India July 11, 1892. P. O., Sitapur, 
India. 

Rev. Wm. Theodore Robinson and wife (Cora 
Celeste Nsylor) went to Pernambuco, Brazil, South 
America, in 1880 under Wm. Taylor, and was in the 
self-supporting work in Chili from 1883 to 1*87 ; 



transferred to Argentina in 1887 ; returned in 1897, 
arriviug in New York June 6. In Des Moines Con- 
ference. P. O., Russell, la. 

Rev. Xoble Lee Rockey and toije (Nellie M. Hadsell) 
sailed for India November 4, 1884. P. O., Dwarahat, 
Kumaon, India. 

Rev. Isaac Francis Row arrived in India Novem- 
ber 9, 1876; located in 1883 from the South India 
Conference. Has since supplied several of the ap- 
pointments in the India Conferences. Is now in 
England. 

Rev. Harry F. Roux and wife sailed for China Octo- 
ber 29, 1898. Address, Wuhu, China. 

Rev. Harvey L. Roscoe sailed for India December 
17, 1892 ; married Alice L. Scott, February 14, 1895 ; 
left India February 14, 1896. Resides at 31 West 
42d Street, Bayonne, N. J. 

Rev. Abraham Wehviey Rudisill and wifo (Mary M. 
Rankin) arrived in India December 23, 1884. Mrs. 
Rudisill died July 7, 1889, at Madras. Dr. Rudisill 
married Bessie G. Thomson October 17, 1895, in 
Baltimore, Md. Returned on furlough from India 
in 1899. Address, York, Pa. 

Miss E*tdla Rmjtf went to Chili in 1«90. P. O., 
Santiago, Chili. 

Miss Rose Rugg went to Chili in 1892 ; returned in 
1898. 

Miss Kate Lucena Russell sailed for Chili, January 
31, 1H95 ; murried at Concepcion, Chili, Rev. Robert 
O'Laue in 1899. P. O., Angol, Chili. 

Rev. Jumes A. Russell sailed for South America 
January 7, 1893 ; left Argentiua September 16, 1893. 

Miss Margaret Russell sailed for Chili December 
30, 1896 ; returned in September, 1899. 

Rev. Peter K. Rye and wife (Mar}* E. Slagg) sailed 
for Denmark October 29, 1864; returned in 1869, 
and Mr. Rye died March 16, 1873, in Illinois. 



Notes. 

Rev. Benj. J. Chew, of the Beugal-Burma Confer- 
ence, was married to Miss Flora May Widdifleld, in 
Calcutta, December 19, 1899. 

Rev. David Lyle Thoburn, of the North India Con- 
ference, was married to Miss Ruth H. Collins in 
Lucknow, December 21, 1899. 

Rev. James Freeman Jenncss, of the South Amer- 
ica Conference, was married to Miss Beulah Wood 
Steele in Rome, Italy, January 22, 1900. 

Miss Nettie Wilbur, of our Boys' School in Con- 
cepcion, Chili, arrived in New York January 31, 
1900. She will remain in New York city until May. 

Rev. J. H. Worley, Ph.D., of the Foochow Mis- 
sion, arrived in the United States in January. lie 
is at present at Clifton Springs, N. Y. 

Rev. L. A. Core, of the North India Conference, 
sailed from New York February 14, returning to 
India. His family remain in the United States. 

Rev. Wm. L. King was elected clerical delegate to 
the General Conference by the South India Confer- 
ence, with Rev. Geo. K. Gilder as alternate. 

Rev. John R. Hykes, D.D., married Rebecca Shields 
Marshall at Shippensbnrg, Pa., February 14, 1880, 
and not in 1879 as stated iu the February magazine. 



Meeting of the Board of Managers, 
[afrwft.fi ""- B* 

TI!E Board of Manager* Of the HlBd itt BocietJ 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church met in 
regular session February 10, Woo. Btahop llur-r pre- 
nldlng. Devotional escn &M were OOadMted by 
Rev. J nines Buckley Fat) Ike. 

A memorial minute 1111 tin- death of Judge E. L. 
Fanchcr was rem! by Secretary Baldwin and unaui- 

du uufly adopted. 

Mr. George F. Sccor, of Sing Slug, S. V., ma 

elected ;i member of tlie Board lo fill Ihe vacancy 

! by Ihe death of Judge Fancher. 

The reports of I lie Committees on Finance and on 
l.iimb and Legaclee were I« ■■ 1 anJ mlopicl. 

The redistribution ol the appropriation for the 
' ongo Weston i onferenoe forwafded by BSAop 
!lart£ell wan approved. 

The redistribution of I lie appropriation to liie 
Mexico Conference, forwarded from Mexico, was 
referred back 10 Mexico fur reooaalderalton. 

Permission was given Dr. T. B. Wood, of IVm, lo 
makei brief trip to On Dotted States U Ma own 
eipenae. Bishop Ninde consenting. 

Tlie redistribution of the appropriation to the 
Fooehow Conference was approve 
shall [nehtde the salary of Mrs. Julia W. Plumb. 

Mr. .1. V. Martin was approve! by ihi- < oinmitt. ■•- 

on Nominations and General Reharooe m treasurer 
iiud bookkeeper for North China, and the appoint- 



The Board received ihe following minute adopted 
by the Central Conference (ri China: 

Die M.-Hi.nliM F.piscupal Church has 
hitherto made im sj-eeMl urm i-hm fur the education 
of missionaries' children in lite bone land, unit In- 
n-much ,.J ilii.-. Is In-.-. piniuk' ii iiucstion of greatest 

Buefren*, That w petition the Board of Manager* 
i" make amngemente with one or mure of nor best 
educational Institutions so that the children of mis- 
sionaries can secure a lirwt-clas!- education wit li the 
limlu.il means usually at the disposal of mlsslon- 

Tin Following wan appointed a committee to 
confer with Ihe Board of Eilaeatlon and Kdiics- 
tional Institutions in this country on this subject 

iind lepori : J v. i.ciich.r, B, F. (Jpham.J. O. Wil- 
ton, 3. 11. Toft. S. I.. Baldwin. 

The fuii, iiuiii d| the Her. H. W, Bwi ■ 
was extended for si.v uofUta 

PioTlaton m nude :■•> the n tan : 
■!„■ United BUtee of Rot, M. B, Vail and fantllj on 
m-ivpiiui nf the health ol Mr Vgll. 

E^eetaiealon was granted Rev. II. t;. AppenteQertO 
establish n mTfflftl teetnlng departineni iii aonneo- 

n ii niili ihe I'iiii'luti fullcitr, S..'.uil, i In- same to 1«- 
on the grounds of tlie college and for its sole bene- 
fit, provided it be dune without expanse to the 
Board either now or later, 

i L. Taylor, of Itaweltna, .Mieii.. wai 
i.ecepii-.i us j teacher [or Bte school in Iijuioue, 

I "llill, subjeel In . V :n ill Nril inll by till 

(jgnnl Reference, outgoing expertise to be paid 
from appropriation to Chill. 



The redlatribntionaof the appropri oe \o Booth 

Germany, Denmark, Sweden, and Kinlaml ivcro ap- 
proved. 

An arrangement was made lo reci-lic, can.: fur. 
and Improve church property at Trieste, Austria. 

Rev, 3. L. McLaughlin and wife, of Rockwell. la , 
were approved as missionaries to Slngafttri 
viili-il Tiny !>n-> ii -iii . 

rhe Committee ■ ■ 

The fbUowtng ■■■ 'i ■■ approi ed 
Finance Committee of the North 
for 10011: Btabop .1 M. Thobnea, t.'. t. Bare, It. I_ 
Thoburu, E. ff. Parker, J. I! loll. Wrn P I 

S. Tapper, B. Knowlea, L A I lore, I. w. Roblnaon, 
If. A. Culling, II, .1. Adama, II L Uskarrij 
Bntoher. M. Stephen, T 3 Boou, 3. if H< -■ 
v. W. Qnenwoldi «,'/-,». ./..-. u, n. Frey, J. P. 

Samuel, .1. N. Wcat,Jf. 1- R...L. y. 

Provision was made for the [Btl 
P. Fisher and family from India on boi.'out i 
health of Mr. Fisher. 

The Corrc~pimdii :■ ■■ nitirp 

sod the Committee on Noiiiinutionn and QenenJ 

Kcfercni-e were a|<;)oiiitei] a •' i : ■ 

lo select delegates to the Fj.-umenlc«l Missionary 
Conference in New Vmk in April next. 

Several appropriations were made for tlie ; ■ 
of the foreign and home missions. 

A Field Skchetaky, 

The Board adopted the following re[iort of Ihe 
Commmittee on Nominations ami lieinml 

Hie Board referred to this i ommlttee the natter 

■ '( tln : relations of the Board to the Student Volun- 
teer Movement which was referred to the Board by 
the General Missionary Committee, 
tee ]■> i.nen;.- adoption nf Ihe following : 

/ti'nf: There shall be a Held scerrlary ■ !>-■■■ 
the Misnionary Board. 

&"«.</.- Thedotleeof the field seoretai) hhaJJ bni 

(a) To plan for and Bo far as pool 
euro systematic work for ml - 
every church, sohool „r college, Sunday 
acbool, and League, or otto 
people'-, society, "I the Mi n ■ ■' 
Oopal i liureh. 

■ onference, and DhcUM 
leaders, and by carefully planti 
schools lo prepare workers and 
for Ihe work, 
(ci To secure the organ inn lion ■ 

committees: ihe planting or missionary 
libraries, periodicals, and other lilernlurr : 
sysli-nimii.- gi viiut as based on stewanl* 
ship or tithing; the orgaaleatloi 
rectlon of stody clai 
TWrtf; The work of ihe Held ■■ 
under the direction of the Com 
lions, subject i,j ilie appruci.] of tlie Mission Board. 

F<metlt: Kivi' hundred dollfirs, or mi mini i 
as may be necewury, shall be set apart for this work 

I'.i,- the BM VrnP 

ommend ihni Mr - 

. i.v-i:, ;,.. iii,- Hi id weretary. 




l>,,ith of Judge J''. I- F" ',,■>,,,- . 



Death of Judge E. L Puncher. 

■ ■ 

■ i.-ij February 'J>. 1!K».| 
■■■. ffl FANCKKS wu burn in Dh.1l- 
. | 10, 1817, end 
'■■ 

. ■: IK0O. 
■ 
r iod 11 ■ ■ ihe neighbor- 

■ -.■ booae was known aa e 




141 



Bible Botdetj i nl ilw Son Eort i 

[ ii-i i u.-i i--ij oi the Deal end Dumb. 

■ 
the Board el Managers, ol the Mttialonujr Bcolet] 
which made eperini recognition ol hti ■ 

iit Its March 
meeting In IBM During the ball oe ntmj he hea 

iriveii lln' st ilev..te.i :inil unwavering attention lo 

the lege] Inteteetedf the Boctet* am) Mi IsTslxutbb 

service was rendered gratuitously nil these years, 
lie Was a man n( culm 1 . i n | i.tji i iikhi, of clear per- 

■ v entire iblHiy, end m 

Integrity. He gsre i h thought la religious end 

•aettetaetiael rabjecte, end contributed many valnn- 

b press, 

'■■■ 

hold him in grateful rcim: 

We order (hie '■ -si inn. n ml entered Upon Our 

record*, end 1 1 , . , 1 i tapj ol die MB ■ 

■ dolenoe, to ins bemewd hotuehol i. 




Won in the local 

:: ibe Sow York 

pood left (he ministry end 

tody ■■! lew hi Pougbkeepelei ofter- 

. limllnu Ills llrst board- 

. ..i 1 1 ■>< i-iirinT mi KniHihi-jiv iiinl Ann sir. .r. 

'. was 111 full view from the office 

rty llfty years. Entering 

i- student end clerk, he 

r mpi'i progrcse, nod wea admitted to bei when 

■ -.Mill Hi., old John Street Methodist 
t-linreta. and toon became active In its work. In 
with the Mulberry Street 
nlng with it us St. Paul's Church dnr- 
■■■-ive removals to Fourth Avenue and 
LTCDuC. Up win always a leading and 
■■ nber "ml officer of llial church. He 
IT) Si.mI1. o( West Windsor, 
i I (or thirty- 
Ire Te»«, when Mrs. Fancier was celled, In 1875, to 

Two eleceeof ins wlwwi 

roaloet] wttb hint lo the end. 

Vr (■un.ii.r wai appointed a Judge of the 
Id in IST-J by Onveroor Hoffman, and 
three years, and Judge nt 
lion of the i handier of 
■ 

- IT. ildent ol 



c taken into bis house- 
in MBS; butthsyoung- 
9 Mr. w. 1.. Harris, re- 




Meeting of the South India Conference. 

THE ajsembling of the member! of the Booth 
in.iiii i i.ndTiTnv ii.i-.ii.iy reminds .""■ ol (be 
early days of Methodism in America. The presiding 
elders enme from districts which wir 
come large Annuiii Conteefiewe. Bevei 
uries have circuits which will nt no distanl day 

become district! Seme contend with ntoir, sleet, 

rtre In Ihelr Joomeys, b i 
involves greater peril than iheM combined. 

.i.iIiiiil.. epriagteei bullock snrti ; h 

SeetrttWted ponies, with varied styles uf two- wheeled 
' h saddle* ; and the Iron coal-eat I tie 

horse, all contribute in making i 

500, and 1 ,300 miles feasible and more or lew expe- 
ditious. Famine and plague kept some, members 
from attendance. 
I nnlVren, .' began Dee,. tuber 2M, 1899. Madras was 

ihe boapttahl* city. ( me,.-, no one know- bow, Mad- 
ras acquired the aobrlcjiiet "the Benighted CRjr." 

Tlie ,'<>eiiora(;ii cllnus 'li'sj.tte "rontti that makes li 
a misnomer. Splendid cliurclies, colleges, schools, 
and hoepitale ; magnificent public and private build- 
ings; great muti ufaeturi in.- esiablisliuniit- ■< -nit.m 
mills, foundries, railway workshops, water-works, 
electric, street ears— all bespeak a spirit of ptogme. 

it is true, perspiring, well-nigh nin.li! uieii do inuei, 
of the heavy etirtlttg Incident to traffic by railways 
and ocean craft. They do It better end cheaper than 
bullocks can, and, by ao much as a man Is better 
than a lienft, are entitled to the living the work 
affords. Oil lamps still fail to light dark streets, 
while very oominon councilors dispute over taxes, 
gas. and electricity. 

Deeptte ezoaeglve heel Hadrne Is making progress, 
and is waking up, but ber reputation aa a rrry hot 
}Joh was not well sustained. Old iii.ti. 
not hy day and slept under double blani 

The deep-eeated love and joy of old-time Metho- 
dism was in the Conference. It sweetened and light- 
ened Ihe heavy hardens ol boards, committees, and 



142 



X te ting of tfic Mexico Conference. 









cabinet, Mid made the morning prayer meeting*. 

Conference lore feast, and Sunday services the beat 
hour* ot tbe seealon. 

Of that bane of some Conference*, politics, there 
<raa none, all hough election s Uj General and Central 
Conference* aeemed freighted with importance. 
I_ King wu elected to represent ns at Genera! Con- 
ference, and George K. Gilder was elected alt* 
by acclamation. The delegates to our Indian Cen- 
tral Conference are — VT. L. King, Gorge K. Glider, 
J. B. Buttrick, D. 0. Emsberger, and W. II. Hol- 
Hater. Reserves— Ellla Roberts and F. E. H. Smut. 

Opinions are fast crystallizing nemd Rm '■••In.-I 
that tbe Tast Held, colled " Southern Asia," requires 
two additional bishops, with (rood knowledge, born 
of experience of the field, who sliall dwell among 
us, supervise, cement, and unify our work In this 
its formative period. Btshup Tliobnrn, alert, con- 
■Iderate., and Inspiring aa ever, cheered us greatly by 
bis wise grouping of the bope-ln a pi ring facta bearing 
on mission work, as well aa by bis talks and ser- 
mons. Tbe Church will be wise If it opens yet wider 
lis ears to his weighty, apostolic messages concern- 
ing our world-wide mission fields and God's pur- 
poses to redeem ili-iii 

Warm welcome was accorded Rev. Karl Anderson 
arid Hi v. II- li. O/.unii:. ulriulurs of the mission 
hand, who urrived a few days before Cnnfurcnce. 

1 f ci 1 1 the sii men our Finance • ommlllee pleaded 
for been granted us, appointments could have been 
mlJunli-1 Willi BOM ease and satisfaction. 

While all concede our work lias m alert ally 
strengthened during the year, baptisms have been 
fewer than last year. 

Plague has seriously hampered work in nearly hall 
of the Conference. At several point* our tone I* 
Inadequate for that aggressive baltllng Willi In- 
trenched heathenism that is necessary to "compel 
them to come In." We must have reinforcements! 
Boll) missionaries and money arc needed. 

Advance Is recorded tn self -support. Madras Dis- 
trict reports fitly per cent gain as the result of untir- 
ing effort. A new district was formed from Hie terri- 
tory of the llaldarabod District, and named after its 
prlticl[iul city Raiehur. It will lie wisely supervised 
by Rev. D. O. Ernsbcrger, wlio'has labored many 
years In Us boundaries with marked success. 

The change* In appointments arc In each ease the 
laying of additional burdens on missionaries already 
overworked. 

A pleasing font lire of Conference week was tlic 
dedication of tbo splendid group of buildings which 
tin Woman's Fun-lien Missionary Society has pro- 
vided as n bush for lis growing work. 

The appointments for UKK) are as follows: 

'ionwtin liiKi'wcT.— George K. Gilder, P. E. IP.O.. 
Hiopur.t. 1M. Jncdalpur; Evan gel Is He Work. Gattu 
i In niliiyii . I nitiiiirlnl Woes, supplied by William Plum- 
I") : I >rphananc, supplied by Thomas Francis. Ralpur, 
• ; . K.uiiii.'i. so. ,1, , -iiii, i[. li. Kadden, Benjamin Luke. 
V"Haiiilii: rnilusl.rlnl Mission, C. B. Ward; Telnirii 
Church, Monnlu Narssya ; Evangelistic. Work, Rama 
lliinnapps. 

RAIBABAtU" Ui-iiii.T. W. t. King, P. E. (P.O.. 
llalcl.iinhad.IV. van), Hldiii, A. K. t'ook. Iialcl a rah ml: 



Eii>!li;h Cliiir.'h. W. H. L, Bat-stone ; Hindustani al 
Hon, W. L. King. Mangal Lai Harris: CHy School. W. 
II. L. Balaton*. Secundrrabad English Churcb and 
Vernacular Mission. F. E. \. Shaw. Vlkarabau. J. H. 

M.M'ii.i- DiHTBirr.-J. B, Bultri-k. P. F_ (p. n.. 
Vepery, Madras). Bangalore: English Circuit and 
Baldwin High Schools. 0. W. it lie Smiia; Vernacular 
Circuit, to be supplied. Bowrtnspet. J. G. Turtou. 
Hosiir. G. Gershom. Kodambakani. Kubvrt Gefalafc, 
K.ilar: William H. HoOsMer; Kan-i. 
Noah. Kiippam, S. M. Job. Mmlu- Vepery English 
Church, J. U. Ruttrkk, Kail Anderson; Naralngapu- 
ram, to he supplied; Royaptiram. Matthew Tlndale; 
V.-i.-ry Tnmii Work. W_ Raju. Mulbagsl. Jofea ECtt> 
appa. Srlnivasnpnr. M. Lewis. Agent of Publishing 
House, A. W. HudlsilL -Sit pem itinerary, !■ A. Rich- 
ards. 

R.4ICHLR Ditmtu.-T.-D. O. Ernsbcrger. P. E. IP. 
0., Kalchur. Decean). Bellary, supplied by J. Parker, 
(ftribarga, to be supplied. Kupoal, Samuel Malgur. 
Raiehur, D. O. Emsberger, Herbert G.nzanne. Sbora- 
pur, Nanappa Desal. Wondali. Ellis Roberta. 

Meeting of the Mexico Conference. 

THE sixteenth annual aeasloo of lb- No ' tm- 
ference was licl.l in Pncliucti, Mexico, January 
18-21, 1000, Bishop McCabe presiding. Dr fetal W 
Butler, was elected delegate to ihe General Conler- 
ence, with Rev. J. M. Eurorji us reserve. The re- 
porti showed a oonafdenbk advance in self support. 
Several new members were received Into tin- ( looter- 
ence, one being Rev. T. Del Valle, from the Hetsn 
dint K.iiisfi'j.nl Church, South, and another was 
formerly* Catholic priest. The reports aril 

Iheschools of the Woman's Foreign Mlastonary 
Soclctv were accomplishing great good In Ihe e.in. B- 
lion of the girls, and the boys' schools at Puebla and 
(Jnerelaro arc overcrowded. Provision has been 

" i to greatly enlarge the school buildings at 
Queretaro, at an expense of *3,0OO. Subseripti' n- 
bavo been received amounting to $12,000 toward 
erecting a new church edifice tn Paehuca. The fol- 
lowing were tbe appointments : 
Cestrai, District.— Johu W. Butler. P. E, P. 
.. Mexico City), AvupntiKo, supplied l.v Agustin 
Rivera. Atlantis, supplied by Nubor Agnilnr. i . ' 
.ii.i. IV'It'iS. )':i.:, i ■|iii-.i|i)ii]iiiin, supplied by Paii- 

i Machuca. Ciprcs, in be supplied. Ctierumarn. 

be supplied. CiiLiiiHjiiiilo ami l-'.l lubo, L. B. 

Sul rf mid \. It. Aviliii. b-iin, 1. (;. Cartwrlglii. 

Mexico: English Work, II. A. H:.--i-ir ■ Sp;inis)i 
Work.T. Del \iill... Muni!,.:-,-. Mipi.lied In I. Mi,r- 
well. Piiehucft : English Work, Benjamin S. Hay- 
wood. I'or.as, !'. V. Es.pmo7.ri. Pucblnaiul Col-...u;., 

I: /.hi i. fu.l.i.i: Eimlis.li Work, Wu,. S. Sj.cii.-.t 

tnrvrvtiiro. R. N. Vciasio and Jose Chaves. Sala- 
tiiiinea. <•. I ill ml -l.i. silii'i niiil Holintn. .1. I Imgi ■! an 
si I,, o.oid It. ..., n.i M--.ll. ■.,! Work, supplied b] Geofgt 
" "yde. Tepeizititro. stippli.-l In I.. Msnineit 

co Mctli.i.liM liislimr.-. Win. s. ,-iMTi.er, I're.si. 

dent; F. S. Rortrm. JWessor in Theological D.- 
pnrlnifiil. Ihiereturn Instiluti:. ii. V*. Volaseo. Pre— 
Ident; G.Cora. ProtcsBrir. -T. W. Rutlcr and P. F. 
Viildi-rriitini. Edllors. Publishing ilepartmenl, sii|. 
piled by Jamea L, Pease. 

Htn.ti.iMi Iii-rinrT.— V. D Baei, P. E. (P. O.. 
l'nilm, ;, :.. llinjutki, to 1". snpplieil. Nexllalpam, 
I,. G. Aliui7.li. r.L. Ilii. u nii.l Acani-a. V. Mciulor.a 

■ P. CoilsUllltiur.. i;.„l ,1,1 Moiite. s.,ll,plli-,n,N M 

F-ttiiiii-m I .1. Xulni.riiri... Sun Au'llstitl. sll[H,li,,| 

"— " Lopea. Tenon lijiec, N. Mcreaiio. Tlacnllolc- 




Other Methodist MUaumarjf .Societies and Misv. 






143 



, to be supplied. Tulanelniro, F.. W, Adam. 

-.ualtipan, supplied by T-. N. Diaz. 

Haornux Distbict. — P. F. Valderrama. I' K, 
(P.O., Mexico C II >). Aphsaoo, J. T. Ruiz. Atltico, 
supplied by E. Paniagua. Choluln. supplied by C. 
Osorio. Chieda and Awalii, supphod by Ramon F. 
Salazar. Jilotepee. supplied bv Trinidad Diaz. San 
Martin, Pablo Amiitar and Felix Ramirez (supply (. 
■■■! bv T. (JiirciH. Tezuitlan, J. V. 
Cuervo. Ttauacoyan, supplied by H. l'erw. Tlax- 



Tetela. supplied by T. Quota 1 ■ -■■■■■ 
Cuervo. Tlapacoyan, supplied by B. 1 
Ola, Miguel BoW Xochtaputeo, 8. I. Lo] 



I'ln .-. 0«o 



OTHER METHODIST MISSIONARY SOCIETIES AND MISSIONS. 

what purposes, to the connection*] treasurer, paying 
tlio same to him and taking his receipt therefor. JIu 
shall also render a monthly Btafcvnj en t of his expenses, 
including salary and all other expenses in connection 
with the work, to the connectional treasurer, and 
draw on the treasury for the same. He shall, as cir- 
cumstances may require and the needs of the work 
demand, isHUo orders ou the conuectionat treasury 
for the prosecution of tho work, subject to tie- 
authorization of the Board. All contraets made be- 
tween blm and such workers as he may deem it nec- 
essary lo employ ahull receive the signatures of a ma- 
jority of tho Executive Board before becoming valid. 



I™; 
Methodiet Episcopal Church, South. 
Rxv. W. A. Wilso*, Presiding Elder of tbe Hir- 
uahima District, Japan Conference, writes: 
" In addition to my supervision of the district, I 
am preacher In charge of llie Onomtchl Circuit, but 
I give a large portion of my time to teaching, preach- 
ing on Sunday and frequently at night. 

" I give my mornings to teaching English In the 
Post and Telegraph Service School In Hiroshima, 
with (be exception of one hour and a half which i 
spend In teaching bank employees. For the morning 
teaching 1 am liberally paid, and I use tills income 
for the general work of the district. 

"The hours of the afternoon, and a night session, 
are devoted to my private English school. The 
classes are composed of students from tbe normal 
schoul, academics, soldiers from the garrison, teach- 
ers >u (lie primary schools, and some merchants. 

" All of these classes are taught the Bible in the 
class hours, and many of then), besides going to the 
Sunday school and studying tho Bible there, come 
to me for private teaching. Large numbers of these 
have already bei-miic t /lirlsiinus, and we have hopes 
that many more will soon give themselves to Christ. 
"There la not one among those who have come 
lo me any length of time but who bos become a 
frequent church attendant. Sow I have more than 
one hundred enrolled. 

"In addition to work just mentioned, I have 
•octal religious meetings In our home, where I bring 
n pin-Christians face to face with our pastor and 
representative Christians." 



tunc j. Disthii i— J. M. Eurtisiu, I'. E. (I*. 0., 
Oajtaca). Cuicuihin, supplied dv t , Amador. Oax- 
aea, to be supplied. lltikzo, M. Rosales. Parian, to 

lie supplied. Soledud. suppli' .1 bi M. I "]i.-l:in 

Telljttlahuac, Telinume|icc. Tlitsiu'-o, to besiippllf'l- 
TuMepec. suji[.|i. d by V. Osado and A. 8. Zambra. 
mi. Zachihi. supplied by J. C. Martlnei. 

OrIzab* Dl»TMtcT._B. S. Haywood, P. E. (P. 
( I. . l';i.-|iil('M '. At/.aeati. sii| " " ' 

nsco, P. Bernul. Melchor O , 

Orizaba and Cordoba, Joas Ruinbia, 



American Wesleyan Methodist Church. 

Ktv. W. II. Kjmneivi, Missionary Secretary, has 
Balled for West Africa ou a visit to the foreign mis- 
sion of his Church. The Ceneral Conference, at Its 
late session, adopted the following : 

The Missionary Becrelary shall have his place of 
ice with tho other connectional officers In the 
Of Syracuse, N. Y., and shall have general direc- 
»nd supervision of our missionary work, under 
[icnt and control of the Parent Mission- 
Society. He shall supervise the opening and or- 
tlon of new fields, as well as to give careful 
those already nrganisted. He shall solicit 
sad receive funds from all available sources. 
• iiiill render each month an Itemized statement of all 
cash, from whence and of whom received and for 




Methodist Protestant Olmrch. 
Rbv. E. H. V>n Dtkb writes from Shlzuoka, 
Japan, December 21, 1690 : " We have gladly wci- 
comedRev. .1. W, Frank and wife, and they have been 
placed in charge of tbe Yokohama School of Eng- 
lish. The Yokohoma First Church is self-support- 
ing. The Yokohama Second Church has recently 
held some special services In which there wore sev- 
eral conversions and additions. Work has lately 
been commenced lo Tokyo In a quiet way, and we 
hope erelong to report o Methodist Protest tint 
Church in the capital of this empire." 



African Methodist Episcopal Church. 
Bishop Tiknek has received the following from 
the Secretary of tbe Special Conference held in Oc- 
tober, in Queenstown, South Africa: "I have been 
Instructed by the Special Conference of the South 
African and Transvaal Annual •'■inferences which 
met at Queenstown, on October ii-11, 1899, to inform 
yon (hat they have withdrawn from the African 
Methodist Episcopal Church." Rev. t, X. FltT.pat. 
rick has been sent to Sooth Africa to take charge of 
the missions and missionaries (hat have not acceded. 



Canada Methodist Church. 
Several new missionaries are on their way to 
West China. M. Brlmatiu wrote from lehung, China, 
November It: " We si i all ascend the river from hero 
In a house boat. The passengers will be Mr. and Mrs. 
Rlrle, their two children, Dr. Henry, and myself. 
Robbers broke into the house where we are staying 
the other night. Dr. Henry lost articles valued at 
*50, and my loss was about *lu." 




i.-ir ■■ftv fHUtaMiri " i BeaanasaVal <:■■■- 

f-reoc* <» Foreign Mi— owto be held in Sew Tort 
In April will be ft mtssanmry exhibit. II will eon- 



w. .rfc hi this saine line, thongh he has ne'y hrec l" 
Burma one jwr. Hi* ftddreM b Peru- It w a great 
gnlllolke to Dt- Madge, of Nat**, Mm., to ILu 






AletaauVrr KaMtand, Esq., Kerr. Edwin M. Btis*. b U 

Harlan Pwr Brack, Eao,, for W. I. taw*** 

I iilln I TT Ttaliwil. Ti n . mil IT " It Allen Tupf-r. 

D.D. , I'W_ 

I sodden J 
Utrifccm Tanjer; be the Misaicmarj Oanoert. | «,j Un. 

It bxi been isiggtated Out the Ecmnrclal Confer- lodta - ln l8M 

race on Foreign Mission* consider the deairabUUy ' 

and prftrtuwUltij- ot uniform iMeidamaalaanotul ' 
tMernatiuBal topics for monthly miasvmary Mwly. 

This baa worked wril with the Bible Sunday school «■*■««* »»» ■»«« «!** 

-—, ca. and wouVI probably do so with the mission- «■•»*■*. The home now shelter* li*> r 

ary toptra, A committee could be appointed who ™*» •« "wiring Instruction. Many olbers in 

would select the topi™, gone missionarv mWin seeking admittance, but cannot be iwhol I— nnsr 

have the u» topics tor the different month. year "' the UmHed acenmmedationa. A pertaaorat and 
suitable bonding fat greatly needed. We hrartily 

oto^ commend the proposition. C'oBtribotian* m be 

nans. We hope the Conference will at least appoint *« rt lo MnL Fanny L. Sperry, Mountain Lake Park, 

a committee u> cunsider the subject. Md. who is the autboriied American agent for this 




after }r*i, bringing befnre the eburrbee tl 






Death of Dwight L. Moody. 
Tb* death of Mr. D wight L. Moody at hi* home ln 
East Nonhfield. Haas., on Friday. December ~>. 
lfi», waa a great loss to the Church of Christ on 
earth. lie waa a man of faitli. fie Mood first among 
evangelists because of his wise direction of the meet- 
ing* be held, his firm grasp of the leading doctrines 
'if Christianity, bis clear presentations of human 
need and divine helpfulness, and the power he had 
with God. He Ilred near to God and Ceil al home 
with him, and it waa natural that his last words 
■bouldbe"! sereartb. receding ; heaven Isopening; 
Ood is tailing me." His educational work was al- 
most aa Important as bis evangelistic work. The 
Xorihfield Seminary for Young Women, with over 
MO student* ; the School for Young Men at Mount 
Ilermon. with aa many more students ; the Summer 
School of the Prophets at Sortbfield ; and Ibe Chi- 
cago Bible Institute hare been of great ralne to the 

A Bunneae Methodist OatecbJ&m. 
Th« many friends of Ihe Rev. A. T. Leonard, a( 
Madison, S. J., and elsewhere, Will be pleased to 
learn that he baa lately translated Into Burmese 
Mwiy-A OaMWam, an excellent tittle manual of bib- 
lical and theological truth which for twenty years has 
lieen wonderfully useful in India, lie writes. " Sis- 
teen years ago I found it in North India, have used 
It there with greatest success, and Hod nothing like 
it yel." The Intent District Conference ordered its 
use by all the workers In our Burmese Mission, and 



Two Fnnba for Misscm 

Th* General Conference of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, which is to meet in May. wtll hare before 
It the missionary work of the Church. How can it 
make that work more efficient ! This we believe can 
be done either by dividing the Missionary Society 
Into two societies, one a Foreign and the other a 
Home Missionary Society ; or by two fnnds and col- 
lections, one for the Foreign and the other for Home 
Missions, with one or more secretaries for each. It 
is said we hare done well with the Society as it Is. 
Why make a change f We are thankful for what 
has been accomplished, bnt the need and Ihe ability 
have been far ahead of the accompli: 
tnore be raised by the change f Yes. There are 
persons who wish to give or leave money for hsasM 
or for foreign missions and who cannot do so by 
giving or leaving the money to the Missionary' So- 
ciety unless it be for some special object in the mis- 
don field. Alt other large churches make provision 
for carrying out the wishes of the givers. Why n«t 
the Methodist Episcopal Church • Both the home 
and the foreign field will gain by this. We hope the 
Genera! Confereui'c will provide for two fnnds and 
collections under one missionary society. The Im- 
portance of the subject demands consideration and 
discussion by the General Conference, 

We call special attention to the literature prepared 
by the Missionary Secretaries for Faster. Let every 
pastor send orders. See fourth page of cover for 






GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS. 



APRIL, 1900. 



THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURCH IX SOUTHERN JAPAX. 



BY BEV. HEBBEKT I 

T"\TO branches of Methodism have work Id | 
Elushiu, the most southern of the larger 
islands belonging to Japan excepting the 
ne-^rly acquired Formosa. Tlio Methodist 
Episcopal Church 
tli rough Its pioneer, 
Roy John Carrol Da- 
vison, opened work 
In Nagasaki in 1873, 
and the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, 
South, in 1887, occu- 
pied Oitn, on the 
northern coast, with 
a missionary family, 
out Church being 
u nable to p u t a 
man there. This ar- 
rangement between 
Brother Davison aod 
Dr. W. R. Lambuth 
" was made in antic- 
ipation and full faith 
'ft the speedy success 
°f Methodist union 
* n Japan." However, 
*Jth the exception of 
* few points on the 
n °ithern const which 
?5"e reached from 
*-*>bc as a center, all of Kiushlu ami thel 

^OininliKT 0H111II..V lulniule liv Mn>m..ii «>■>- ' 



PjSF^: 




KYUSHU ISLAND 



^ "^ Joining smaller islands ij 

"* nt belong to the Methodist Episcopal 

"**UTCh. 

Our South Japan Mission Conference, with 
^lii^h this paper will deal especially, in- 
^UOesKiusbiuandtheotherislnndab.-h.ng- 



ln B 



to Japan south and west of tho 1 



**land. The Lhikiu (Loo Choo) group ami 
•"ormosa are of course Included. We have 
** yet done nothing for the latter, but have 
a vory promising work In the former, orgnn- 
lied in 1893 by the Home Missionary Society 
J* the Japan Conference, mid turned overt" 
^eMIesionarySoeietyonthe division of the 
*- nferenee in 1898, to become a part of our 
•outhern work. 



Kiushlu, which Iius a population of al>out 
seven million, has been made famous not 
only by Japanese history, having its begin- 
ning here ami by Its being the birthplace of 
many of Jnpuu's 
greatest modern 
statesmen, but by 
the long residence of 
the Dutch, the cruci- 
fixion of 6 Francis. 
can, 3 Jesuits, mid 17 
Japanese con veils at 
Nagasaki in 1308, and 
by the subsequent 
extcrmi nation of 
Boman Catholic 
Cliristiiuiity. While 
there has been a 
strong tendency to 
conservatism, n o 
part of Japan has de- 
veloped faster dur- 
i u g the past few 
years than certain 
parts of Kiusliiu. 

Both because of 
the importance of the 
field and <>t the geo- 
graphical si' ]>a ration 
from our northern 
work the last General Conference passed 
an enabling net, providing fur the division 
<.t the Japan Conference; the Conference at 
its twenty-fifth anniversary in 1WW vntitl to 
divirle, and in April, lHW.'Hi-diop Cmnsb.n 
fortiuillv organized the South Japiin Mi— 
sion Conference. 

At tlie close of our first y.ar ..f separate 
existence we were aide to report an even 
l.uof) members and probationers wive 2, the 
exact figure* being 2H5 probationers— a 
gain of 22, nnd 7o3 members, a gain of So ; 
also 2i> Sunday schools with l,tif>2 pupils. 
There are four male missionaries, all mar- 
ried, and seven ladies representing the 
Woman's Foreign Missionary Society. 
These reside in three mission stations— 



146 



Th>- Methodist Fp'ocnpnl Church in Southern Japan. 



Nagasaki, Fukuoka, and Kagoshima— be- 
fogengagedaafollows: Nagasaki, one pre- 
siding elder, two male teachers in Cliiiizi-i 
Seminary, and five lady teachers in the 
Woman's Foreign Mi:-~i< m.-n y S.ieicry col- 
lege ; Fukuoka, one presiding elder and 
one lady In the Woman 'a Foreign Mission- 
ary Society Seminary, who Is also in 
charge of Hi' 1 BQile women o( the district; 



Chinzei Seminary, Nagasaki, Is the c 
Method 1st school for young men south of 
Kobe and of our own Church south of To- 
kyo. The present enrollment is about one 
hundred and seventy-five, and the dormi- 
tories are full. The work is divided into 
seven grades, corresponding to the five 
years of the government middle, schools, witii 
two preparatory years. A. theological daai 




Cagoahlms, two ladles, both engaged in 
evangellstio (rork^ane of whom is in charge 
of the Bible women of the WflinnH DIstiiot 

and of the Woman's Foivigii "M i -- - i • ■ n .■ t r>' S. - 
olety work in Liukiu iLooChuoj. 

On Mismun Schools. 

TIii!Iiii>- inin.-iiiii lid I-- referred to are 

all very prosperous «nd are doing a most 
Kvcellatil work, D la Impossible to overes- 
tipuLii.' tii" importance of Christina edaoa- 
tiouinJapnn, •spei'i[illy at. the present time. 
While there have been some annoyances Id 
ei 'in tii in willi the new government regula- 
tions, all of tlie~i- w'himl* are practically free 
from embarrassment. They are all housed 
in neat but substantial frame buildings. 



has also existed most of the time, in which 
many young men now in the active work 
Imvi' reci'ivi.'il (heir training. The institution 
Is thoroughly Christian, this feature having 
been distinctive from the Brat The faculty 
Is composed almost entirely ol I 
men, Several of the graduates arc teaching 

in yovrii incut schools, two being em t ■ t ».- ■ t 

with the Koto Oakko (College) at Kumamato 
EwaseulJo Oakko (Woman's College), alao 
located at Nagasaki, is generally reeognized 
as being the highest school for girls in the 
empire. Besides the preparatory and aca- 
demic work, it has special departments in 
music, Industries, Bcience, physical culture, 
and Bible training. Lost year over two 
1. 1 1 m I iv 1 1 wore enrolled, more than half being 



The Methodist Episcopal Church in Southern. Japan. 



147 



boarders. An excellent work is done lathe 
city Sunday schools by the teachers and 
older students. 

The El-wa Jo Gakko (Ladles' Seminary) at 
Fukuoka is not so high in grade, but is just 
the kind of an Institution that is needed. 
Since the establishment of the government 
girls* school the attendance has been some- 
what smaller, especially of day students, but 
It has been gradually Increasing during the 
past year, and the dormitories are now full. 
Tho enrollment at present is between sixty 
ty. Agreatvlctoryhasljecnguined 
r in the recognition of tho school 



and the work that Is being dono some ac- 
count of tho workers, male and female, mis- 
sionary and native, that have wrought in tha 
foundations may be of interest. Somo of 
these are now laboring In tho bounds of the 
Japan Conference, some are in tho home- 
lands, and a few have been called from Inbor 
to reward, I will write more in detail of the 
four missionaries that are now connected 
with tho South Japan Mission Conference, 
whose portraits appear In this number. 

Joux Cabrol Davison, the founder of 
the work in South Japan, was born at Har- 
mony, N. J., November 19, 1643, and was 




by the local government in three particulars 
—a missionary for principal, the Bible a reg- 
ular text-book, and Christian ethics to be 
"nnde prominent. Though the school lifts 
existed for years and has been known to l«> 
Christian, this Is the first public recognition 
■» «ueh. As In Nagasaki, a splendid work 
is done jo the city Sunday schools. 

one of the most encouraging features of 
the work is the number and quality of the 
native workers that have been raised up. 
Tn ero are now actively engaged 10 native 
numbers of Conference, one of whom id a 
professor in Chinzei Seminary, i probatloi 
era, 5 local preachers, and 11 Bible women. 

Oca Missionary Wohkebs. 
Before describing mora fully the field 



converted at the age of twenty-three. Ho 
was educated at Andover (X. J.l Academy 
and at Drew Theological Seminary, graduat- 
ing from the latter in 1873, and receiving 
the degree of B.D. two years later. During 
the time that he would naturally have been 
in college he was faithfully serving bid 
country as a noncommissioned officer iu 
the United States Xavy during the civil 
war. On Christmas Day, l»7i. while a stu- 
dent in the theological s'lninaiy, he was ap- 
pointed to Japan by Bishop Peck. Soon aft- 
er graduation, in May, 1873, he married Miss 

. Mary Elizabeth Stout, with whom and his 
sister he came to Japan, the latter as the wife 

| of his classmate, Rev. Julius Soper. 

Arriving August 8, the first annual 
icctiug was opened that evening under the 



14S 



The Mti-hodut Episcopal Vhiireh in Soufh.-rn Japtft, 



the. following morning when the appoint- 
merits were road. Brother Davison was 

1 

: 



to Nagasaki, and his brother-in-law to 
Tokyo, nearly eight hundred uilefl apart A 

s property on the eastern bluff was b 1 faithful helpmate 

lured, and hare 11 tonol tool th tossy homeland, both 01 

that do missionary in Japan of any do- paired health and In the Internet of the edi 



■ aa lesion from Dm h<jej,lini1nu. 

anil as secretary or the Aunii.il 
during it first soven sessions. 

Returning to Japan the following year, 
(or rive years be was. presiding B* 
Tokyo iin.l lokyo Weal Districts, daring 
■Ueh parted mmohef hb bom w«s spent 
and enlarging oat HfntttrwHirt 
Hymnal, atricb he himself bad mad*, which 
is uaad byall the Methodist bodiea in Japan, 

and which is iv<:ot;ni;ieil as (ho bast Japa- 
nese hyiniifil yet published. Nothing could 
have been more deserved or heartily given 
than the complimentary resolution which 
was voted him by the Japan Conference od 
the completion of the revision- In WW he 
was appointed tor the third time 
Li, « l.i-i'i' in addition to bis dulii 

Ing elder be bat served Blow the division 

'■r the Conference as mlaaloi 

Sad a rap> rlntendent of the new Mission 

Qonferenoe been appointed, be mold havi 

inch Hi'- logical candidate, 

■ end regret that tde 
oust Boon leave for the 
account rd bar own un- 



ttotaiuatiun lias been more successful than 
ISi'iihiT Davison in select ing locations or 
erecting mission buildings, I a 

si"!i;u\ Society WSS f. irninalo in BSoartag 

adjoining properties and thus In completing 

the present t icelled Mission Com] wl 

Hi- appointment during hie Hfsi term, 
1B7S 1883, ".'is -imply '■ Missionary. Nagasa- 
ki." Willi bis raithlul wife be 
Urel] al i nrbu the fall of >-'■'. whan II was 

his privilege In fti'lciimr Misses Iiilssi'll ati'l 

ill r, "f th.' Woman's Foreign Mlssionsrj 

I'l'^fini/j-d the sellout 

,ii Nagasaki, and the latter tubaeqiiantly 
work at Fnkuoka. The follow- 
ing spring he was telnfor l by Oanol 

.Siiinhniii.'i.i Long -oni wife, ■ ■ 
the Mission Seminary, and win 
linn in the evangelistic work ■ 
to tbo hoiiH -liunl. 

imuVeamed turton 
- prasldlng elder of tin- Yokoha- 
ma District, and then En 1BBG returned to 
Nagasaki as proaiding elder, being aeeom- 
|.,iniiii Li Charles Btshop, who reopened 

tin' .-I L Completing Us term on the 

Nagasaki District, he spent the year 18ttl on 
furlough in the United States, being dele- 
gate tn Hi" Ecumenical Methodist Confer- 
■ 



cation "i their youngest son, who Is in hb 
Mrventaenth year. She will b 
missed by her women *b class, w] : ' 
efficiently carried on foi 

formerly, whej lesslty requln 

Davison will eon n tonal ifor aaoaso] 

an experience whioh none «ill coral nham 
have paased ■■' 




EpI'EKhox "Rnmin Fi'i.kfjison was born - 

Newcastle, Pa., October 9, 1889. He wsi 

Ho had served as sec- educated In the public schools of bisnnti - 



//'• M.thiHlixt Epfanpal Church in Sovilurn Japan. 



An 

or 
th. 
an 



at Marion villi' Cullcpriate Institute, 

id at Simpson GHUage. Eta read law for 
ne years, but abandoned it in order to 
the ministry. In September, 1886, tie 
married Miss Kate J. Strong, and soon 
after sailed Tor Japan as a missionary. In 
1887 he was appointed a teacher in Tokyo 
Anglo-Japanese College, but after two years 
of service he resigned and was appointed to 

ie department of Old Testament Exegesis 
and EagHah in Chinzei Seminary, Naga- 
saki. 

In the autumn of 1893, on aeeount of the 
illness ol his wife, he visited tho United 
States, where he spent a year traveling and 
lecturing. During this time lie received the 
degrees of Ph.D. and Litt.D. Returning to 
Japan in 1834, ho was appointed principal of 
Chinzei Seminary, which he una successfully 
managed to the present time. Its prosperity 
nud usefulness have already been referred 
to. Mrs. Fulkerson, as her health and house- 
hold earea have permitted, has rendered va- 
rious services, particularly in the night 
■ahools, 

Milton Smith Vail is a descendant of the 
New England Puritans on his mother'sside 
and of the Dutch Huguenots ou his father's. 
His father was one of the founders of Metho- 
dist theological schools in America, and 
spent nearly twenty years as professor 
of theology. Milton, the youngest sou, was 
converted at the age of thirteen, was eduea- 
at Pennington Seminary, the Grand Du- 
Gyniuosium at Mannheim, German)', 




and at Boston University, where he received 
tire degree of A.B. He was tutor of Greek 
i Garrett Biblical Institute for one year, 




and for two years principal of tho prepara- 
tory department of Ohio University. 
In April, 1879, Brother Vail was appointed 




principal of our lirst methodist training 
school, then located at Yokohama. This 
position ho held for four years, when he be- 
came professor of historical theology In 
the Anglo-Japanese College at Tokyo, which 
had been founded arid located at Aoyama, 
Tokyo, with Dr. R. S. Maclny as general 
director. Afterward U it several years he was 
dean of the School of Theology, and it was 
through his efforts that *lf>,00ti in gold was 
Been red for tho erection of the Philander 
Smith Biblical Institute, at Aoyama. For 
years he was also librarian and treasurer of 
the theological department. 

On his return from his second furlough, In 
1895, Brother Vail was transferred to Naga- 
saki and appointed professor of theology in 
Chinzei Seminary, which position he holds at 
tho present time. Always connected with 
theological education, probably more of tho 
present preachers of our Church in Japan 
have come under his direct instruction than 
that of any other of our missionaries. He 
baa also taken much work in the academic 
departments of both our mission schools. 
Whether as a teacher of languages, of 
Church history, history of doetiine, or of 
the simple studies found In our English 
courses, Brother Vail has cheerfully done 
tho work assigned him, and successfully 
as well. 

In addition to his work in tho class room 
he has, besides minor works, supervised tho 
translation of Geikie's Life of Christ, un- 
published, and of Sheldon's History of Doc- 




number: "He has given long and faithful 
f;>-ivi'-.- 1: hi thi"' rriiisi; i if Christian education 
in .T;i|',ui. ;hmI tlu'si.' years of toil begin to tell 

n| bin He should have immediate rest 

and ■ ihiiii.i- 1" recuperate in a climate 
where the nervous system is not constantly 
taxed to the highest tension." 

His faithful companion, Mrs. Eminn Wit- 
beck Vail, is a graduate ot the Wttlari 
Woman's College, of Troy, N. Y., and 
to Japan under the Duteh Reformed Mis- 
sionary Society. She did excellent work in 
Ferria Seminary for Girls, in Yokohama, 
and baa translated several traets into the 



Buell Johnson was born at Old 
City, Herkimer County. N. Y., April 30, 1858, 
and was converted at the age of eighteen. 
He graduated from the nion (&, Y.i Aoade- 
my In 1878 and from Dot Theological Sem- 
inary in 1883, later receiving the degree of 
B.D. from the same institution, and Ph.D. 
from the Illinois Wesleyan Uoiversity. In 
May, 1879, he married Miss Emma J. Leeeh, 
who died four months later, which fact had 
much to do in determining his life work. 

After graduating from Drew Seminary, in 
1883, he married Miss Clara Elvira Richard- 
son, who has shared his experiences both in 



The Methodist Episcopal Church in Southern Japan, 



151 



suppir 



work nml in the mission Held. He 
the Port Own uml Tebo Charge as 
i ' ■! ■ ;i yi -:i: .mil a half while u student. 




and upon graduation united with the Wyo- 

i"iife. Hespentnfullterm, three 
yeans, ut Luzerne, P;u, end was in his aee- 
,ir at Plains, Pa., when transferred to 



3 

km 

■ 



liii£ from San Francisco November 10, 

reached N;iga*aki .just before the close of 

ien he immediately began work 

■ hin/.-ii Seminary. At the fol- 

ktrtneOoofewooe he was appointed priuei- 

i"'il ->r tin? thcol.igicjil department, which 

'■■ Id three years, when, at his 

suggesting the departments were eonsoli- 

■ ut appointments have 

"Mi professor in Coblcigh Semi- 

iii'y and pastor of Deshima church; 1803, 

principal at tin- same; 1BW^'96, dean of 

iagioJapaneee College and principal of 

preparatory department, Aoyama, Tokyo; 

18M.0B furlough in the United States; 1897, 

patter of Mila church, Tokyo, and mission 

I8ftB-*H presiding elder of Fu- 

Jtnoktt Di-tr J-T- 

gaged In theological teaching 
.: he prepared lectures on Old 
i introduction, which were suhse- 
lOWtty published and put iuto the Confer- 
ence eoaraea of study. While at Aoyama 
he also taught in the theological depart- 
■ :i v of the South Japan 
living served the Japan 
[i air years in the same capacity. 
ion united with the Methodist 
fytwopal Church at Tebo, N. J., where she 
sarred the chores as organist for several 



years, Aftor her lui -hand's return to Japan 
iu 181)7 she remained in the homeland a year 
in ■ 'fi.li'i- t.'. hii.'Jttv their iwm eldest sons In 
school. In addition to her household duties 
•ii" has bean active la Church and Sunday 
school work, having a class of nearly fifty 
little children in her own home. 

The following is a brief record of all who 
have wrought In South Japan, together with 
the present Held of those not now connected 
With the (pork, excepting a few of the younger 
Japanese, Some of these are deserving of 
much fuller notice, particularly "Me",- 
Bishop, Spencer, and Correll, and Misses 
Russell find Queer. The two former had 
in 1 1. -ii bode In building np the school, while 
Brotbet CorreU served a full term as presid- 
ing e],|e t . and was prominent in the agita- 
tion for the division of the OonlerefJoe ! 

ttmioKitni op tub PjuucxT Bo*ni>. 

.Mm Omol Davison; fi,U, NagM*. 

ISTS-im, 1885-18BB, IflBt-prawnt. 

Curn.il SiuumerfleM Long \Jlttd, N'sgusaki ; service, 

1880-1885. Deoeued, 

ffuHsm i . Kiieiiin :J1f^f, rTifliiMl 
E8B3, 0. & A. 

Charles Bishop ; JUbl, Nagasaki ; m 
1801. Japan Conference. 
David Smith Spencer; fietd, Nagasaki; service, 

IBB0-UBB, .J ll| 1111 1 Coi'ItTi.Tlir-. 

Herbert Bucll Johnson ; Jl't<!\ Nagasaki and Fn- 

kuoko; Mntae, L88M8V*, 188 6 p ro mt 

EpiMraun Roberl Pnttcnao . <■• Itfj Bigmll ; sm- 
In, 1880-1808, ISW-presmU. 

1 rvin 1 1.'ii ry CottoU ; Jtrbl, Nngnsakl ; Bervicc, 1801- 




1303, Deceased. 
Milton Smith Vail 



Tin' ItMwtiti Epixoopal Church in Southern Japan. 



tieorifeFleteher Shepherd; JUItl, Fukuoka \ service, 
1898. U. S. A. 

\l.:.i, M B*«>k*( JlaM, Fukuoka ; service, 1898 ; 
Kuri'tt, W.K). Japan i...- ■iilir. !i---. 

Mi--r.iMi,n:- 01 Tin: WOMAH'l Foubjom Mission- 
AHT SoclKTr, 

ElJ/abeth Russell ; Jfc/rf, Nagasaki; service, tWt- 
[#96, V- 8. a. 

.i. ubIb H. Gheer ; JIM*, Nagasaki, FukuoUu, mu] 
r.j«Hiiii - service, 1879-preaent. 

Emma A. Everdiog ; JUtd, Nagasaki ; servic.-, tttt- 
1889. Deceased. 

Htank J. F.lliotl; JIM, Nagasaki ; service, 1886- 
lSS'j. (Ha, Armstrong.) Ontario. 

LiJa B. Siniili; jUM*. N.-ttiusiiki, Fukuuka, and 
Kagoshima; service, ]SSiM««J, iw,hV-j ire sent. 

Ii.il- ,1. A llfti ; JWdJ, Fukiiokaand Nagasaki ; scrv- 
„,.. (8W-18M U. 9. A. 

A.mi.1 L BlDRIjUlt, Nagasaki; service. 1802-1800. 

noniso Imbof ; jMrf. Nagasaki ; MrriM, [880-1901, 
Jap aii Conference. 

Maud E. Billions; A''', Nagasaki ; service, 188H- 
1892. Deceased. 

li, ■!,...■, -I, . I. Wuison ; A' 1 '. Fukuoka; service, 18*11 
Japan Conference. 

KardM B. Tj.jlor; ;;,/.;.., Fukuoka and Kaun- 
■hlma; lertlna, ISM-UMa, (Mrs. W. J. Callahan. > 
U. 3. A, 

IL Ella Forbes ; jh/,1, Kapushiiiia ; service, 1890- 

tan. ixhl i'iniii|.-.i i . s. a. 

Leonora Mmiii Seeds; AW, Fuknoka ; service, 
1890-present. 

Qzaoa Tucker ; A"', hknln ; awTl B, l8Bt-19M. 
(Mrs. Tague.) Yamaguchi. 

Anna 8. French ; A' 1 ', Nagasaki ; service, 1892- 
1SBS. (Mrs. E. G. Freyer.) Syria. 

Caroline Vac Pelteii ; JIM'. Nagasaki and Fuku- 
oku ; service, UBt-WS, Jafl Oi inference. 

Lola May Kl.iwell ; JUM, Nagasaki ; service, I8M- 



\n 



Emily Lea;jM£ Nagasaki; service, UM- 



Mariana I oung ; A 1 ''. Nagasaki; service, UWT- 
Miirv E. Mellon ; fidd, Nngiisuk; : 

luwan ftuuomaw. 

K . Asuga, 1878-1889. Deceased. 
8. Kiiatlra, 1884-1885, 1890-1893. Deceased. 
T. Kikuchi, 1S85-I8UU. Japan Conference. 
R. Usbijima, 1885-1888. Teacher, Kvtaesni Jo 
Qakko. 

S. Kurimura, 1887-1898. Japan Gonteeftce. 

C, Nukayania, 1888-prescul. 

T. Otuke, 1889-prescnl. 

8. Tauake, 1891-1894. Deceased. 

K. items*, 1891-1890. 6. S A, 

K. Koaaka, 1892-present. 

<'. NiuniiKi, lM>J-pri sent i in l.oo Chan). 

'. Basamort, 1893-preaent (Chtnu-i Seminary). 

Jeveral others labored as local preachers 



or u probationers in tbe early days, t 
present several young men are doing faith- 
fill work, whose names are aot 
Special mention should be made of B. Ifat- 
BiUBOto, who has been in the active ministry 
since 1873, but who came south for the first 
time in 18%, when the Conference ■■• 
vtded. Miv. Qshlma, Mrs. Takanorl, and 
Mrs. Sarnta, among the many Bible WOBW □ 
who haw wrought so faithfully and suooesi 
fully, also deserve particular notiee. 

TueFiei.h. 
A few words coueernfng the BeW. S«g»- 

B&ki, until i'1'i'i-rilly the OtAj opw !"'|i in 
Eiushiu, naturally lieemue the ei'inial mis- 
sinn station, though Kumsnoto li the ^■■- 
graphioal eeatw. ai. Hw tornei plao ■ 

early organized the nbeiOB ■■■! la, which 

fad alooe will giv prtunlrjenee to tin 

for years to come. Beautiful for eltuation, 

ftiis ijiinirit city, which for years 1ms had ;< 
thriving com meive, has of late taken on n*m 
IffiportanOR, inrpely as the result of On 
completion of the railroad and the more- 
complete ojh-uiiik of Korea ami China. It has 
increased in population wiihin n few 
fromi0 t 0»tol00(0e0, Wa have two •hurebee 
here: Deshirnn, composed mostly of i 
ers mill students from oui mi 
having over two bandmd Dtatsbi i 
■ewh/oiu I died probationers, aad being 

self-supporting; ami Kojiyimiiichi. in Kkg 
upper part of tin- city, less than ten y-ais 

old, with sisty-nim- namban sad tUcty* 

nine prohiitioners, ami which beside- ■ 

ing its current expenses pays an yon j~-r 

month toward pastoral support. 

Taking a small coasting steamer, aftax ■ 
voyage of about twenty hours, we arrive tit 
Eagoshima, BB.aoo, the largest oUj in the 
southern part of the Island, and the capital 
of the province of the same name, which 
has a population of over one million. 1Mb 
is the eenler of our work in this pari of the 
Island, and tbe gateway t<i the UuUu 1 1 .■ ■ o 

Choo| group. The chawb here is weak, but 

Is taking on new life ba a result of Brq Uwu r 
Matsiiinnti.i's raiihful work and the n.'open- 
Ing of the station by the tadlM ■ 
Woiuau's Foreiim Missionnrv Society. Th» 
church was recently destroyed by a seven- 
typhoon, which did great damage, in tbs 
city, but the Missionary Society promptly 
came to the rescue of the struggling Chris- 
tians. 
Presiding Elder Dai Ison baa nothing too 



The Metho>lixt Kjilwopal I'liorch 



go-.! to say of tin.' faithful ami successful 
i li.T NagnnoinLiukiu. He went 
[' Klooe in 1894, and with the help of a 

Bible woman, who lias since reinforced Mm. 
* [Limit- over fifty members ami twenty 
nduit probationers. He has work at two sta- 
tions, meetings being held every day in the 
[■I Saturday, and hopes soon to 
open a now station on the island of Oshima. 
III. Loo Ohooians are a difficult people to 
reach, bm lie la meeting with splendid auo 



bers and fifty p» ibattoneKB, It has beeu for 
yean the opinion of those on the field t tint. 
a missionary family should reside in this 
Important city, hut it has not seemed possi- 
M>- up tu the present time. Both last year 
ami this our estimate for rein force men is 
had to i"' cutout. 

Continuing by rail northward, we soon 
antes the Fukuoka District, the most ira- 
portnnt mission stations in their order being 
Omutu, Yanagnwn, Kurume, Fukuoka, Ko- 
kinii, Wakamatsu, and Moji. the Easl two 




Coming north overland from Kagoakima, 
we strike ihe railroad at Yatsushlro, hut in a 
couple of years it will be running through 
to Kagoshima. Here, as in several other 
places in Kumamoto Keu, we buve a smalt 
society. Kumamoto is a city of 70,000, and 
from a Japanese standpoint is the most im- 
portant city in the south. Here is situated 
the government college, and here, as at Fu- 
kuoka, earnest efforts are being made to 
aae nre the new university. Here Isthohead- 
(jnatterja "i one of the army divisions, and 
there are garrisons in several cities in the 
island. Though quite near the sen, it is 
twenty miles from a good harbor; bat the 
railroad has given it a commercial impor- 
tance. The two graduates from Chhizei 
Seminary, already referred to a* teaching 
in the college here, are of great help in the 
church, which bas about one hundred mem- 



i places situated on the straits of Shimono- 
. scki. being comparatively new, but very im- 
portant industrially and commereiallv. 

No part of Japan is better supplied with 
riiilivm riml steamship facilities. Coal is 
mined in large quantities in three ■ ■Mieiui- 
ties or the district, at Omuta, nt Karatsu, 
near Fukuoka, and along the railroad hav- 
ing its terminus at Wakarnatsn. Fukuoka 
prefecture contains sixteen cities ami towns 
of five thousand population ami upward, 
some of which are growing with wonderful 
rapidity, Of these Fukuoka, including Hu- 
kata, across the river, is the largest, having 
a population of us.'Xio. It is a seaport of 
great importance for local commerce, a rail- 
road center, the capital of the prefecture, is 
noted fi'i' its industries, es|weially weaving, 
and is the educational center of North Kiu- 
shiu. Reference has already been made to 



154 



Th.- Metkodist . 



' Ckuiih in Southern Japan, 



our nourishing Lad iea' Seminary in Fuku- 
• ikii, At. tin' l.i-i tkmfixrencc une hundred 
aud thirty-sis meml>ers and twenty-one 
probationers were reported, since which 
time the ffukntn society i^s been set off, 
Which gives promise of a bright future. 
Those ■■IiuivIujs, besides meeting their cur- 
rent expenses, contribute 10 yen per month 
toward their pastor's salaries, 

I oannoi refer to all of the churches In the 
places named, mosl of which are quite pros- 
perous, though comparatively new. Last 
year the church at Wakamatsu, which is 
i 'iily i In ■■■■' or four years old, expended 1,047 
yen for a new church, including BO in- 
debtedness of 700 yen. Of this amount less 
than 150 yen represented outside BubecrJp- 

Uoqb. si Conference W0 yen have baen 

raised locally, half to apply on the deW and 
half for Interest and farther Improvement 
In addition in meeting Its current expenses 
it is also paying two and a half yen pel- 
mouth toward its pa.*ti>r'";il;ii'y. Tii'lusirj- 
jjiiv Wakamatsu It a place of the first im- 
portance. Though but n few years ago a 

small village.it i- .- i t-i become B city. 

The new government iron works art located 
, in.- opened with a ca- 
pacity of 190,000 tons per Tear. 

The most important places on the li f 

the railroad between Fukuoka and Nagasaki, 



eight hours, are Saga, the capital of the pre- 
fecture of the same name; Sasebo. a 
the most Important naval stations in the 
empire ; Omnia, and Ishihayu. We have 
work began in all of than places, except the 
last, and in several Others, Prom Nagasaki 
or Eumamoto we now have railway a 

Hon, vin Pukuoka, to Aoi i, in the north 

: of the main island, except a few hours' ride 
in the Inland sea north of Itbjl, and this gap 
will soon be filled. 

While a good beginning has been me 
the thousand of believers that have been 
fathered and the schools and cnurche ■ 
hove been established, it 
uing. What are these compared with ih»- 
7,000,000 people within the bounds of our 
( 'onf-Tenee, not including Formosa. 
Methodism has d ■ nothing ;i- yel [ 

'l'lie time has come when we should antaj 
iiiiti' aggro wi vely upon a campaign ag 
thi' foroea of darkness. The work is not 
pushing us as in some other mission fields, 
but we need to push it, and push it hard. 
We are still working largely upon tie- Brat 
generation. But so much is now km 
Christianity, through the PI I 
that have been at work fur over a q 

nuiry. that the time is ripe fur large 

Dould we "lily pu.1 
and money into the rich 




(155) 
ANGOLA AS A MISSION FIELD. 

BY REV. HERBERT COOKMAN WITHEY. 

AT the Berlin Conference in 1884-1885, and ! The remaining southern part of the prov- 
in subsequent negotiations, Portugal inee is divided into the two Districts of Ben- 
made good her claim to a territory in West guella and Mossamedes, so called from the 
Africa extending along the coast from the seaport and capital town of each, 
sixth to the seventeenth degree of south lati- \ The people of the Bonguella District all 
tude, and inland as far as the Kuangu, belong to the Oviinbundu nation, and the 
Kassai, and Zambezi rivers. ' dialects are all of the Umbundu language. 

This possession is officially styled by the In this field the missionaries of the Ameri- 

Portuguese the "Proviuciadc Angola," but can Board have been laboring for many 

upon nearly all English maps is marked years at several stations. These brethren 

" Portuguese West Africa." The area of are developing a native Christian literature 

the whole province is about 490,000 square in the Umbundu, which is used as a trade 

miles, or more than equal that of the Xew language far into the interior. The Arnot 

England, Middle, and South Atlantic States. Mission (Ply mouth Brethren') has also one 

The population is given in the latest govern- or two stations in the same region, and 

mental report as 19,400,000; this result, how- lately it has been entered by the Philo- 

ever, Is attained by a great deal of guess- african League under Heli Ohatclain, who 

work, and is undoubtedly an overestimate, has founded Lincoln Station at Kakonda. 

Conservative authorities place the popula- There are no Protestant missions in the 

tion at 5,000,000. Mossamedes District, but the Catholic order 

The province as administered by the Portu- of the " Holy Ghost and Heart of Mary " has 

giiese government is divided into five parts, one or two large industrial stations there. 

called the Districts of Congo, Loanda, The language in this district is a separate 

Lunda* Benguella, and Mossamedes. one, but said to be closely allied to the Urn- 

The District of Congo, the most northern, bundu. 

is the smallest, extending in its coast line The area of the central district, that of 

from the Congo to the Loji River, and in- Loanda, is about fifty-five thousand square 

land to the Kuangu. The people through- miles, equal to Pennsylvania, New Jersey, 

out this district speak various dialects of and Delaware, and the population is prob- 

the Congo language, and therefore properly ably little short of a million, or two thirds 

belong in the Congo mission field. The as much as New Jersey alone, and more 

English Baptists are at work here, having than Vermont and New Hampshire together, 

stations at San Salvador and at other places The language spoken by these people is 

bordering on the Congo. one, the Kimbundu, though in slightly dif- 

The District of Loanda, or Angola proper, fering dialects. As a trade language Kim- 
may be said to be bounded on the north by bundu can be used half way across the eon- 
the Loji and Kauali rivers, on the east by tinent. Portuguese is the language of the 
the Kuangu, on the south by Luandu and whites, and is understood more or less by 
Longa Rivers, and on the west by the Atlan- many of the natives. 

tic. The official boundary to the south The [Methodist Episcopal Church has a 

includes somewhat more than this. line of six mission stations through the 

The District of Lunda has for a northern center of this area, and is the only evan- 
limit the line agreed upon between the j gelieal Church at work here. The Roman 

Portuguese and Congo State authorities: Catholic missions of the sixteenth and sev- 

the Kassal bounds it on the east and south, enteenth centuries have mostly died out. 

while the Kuangu on the west divides the Parish priests are found at the principal 

district from that of Loanda. The languages Portuguese settlements, and the "Order of 

spoken in the Lunda District are Lunda the Holy Ghost and Heart of Mary "has in 

and Kioko. This whole region is without a . recent years opened one or two stations, but 

missionary, and furnishes a field for great the country is not priest-ridden, and Prot- 

enlargement of our work when we shall estant missions are not interfered with. 

have become well enough established in Among the common natives Roman Catholi- 

oar present field to be able to push out into I cism has succeeded so far as to get some of 

the regions beyond. them to make the Virgin and the saints the 



Angola as a SfUtton F'<> Id. 




■ ii- superstitinii* rite- iitsti'tiil i-.f 
(.(•!■ in connection with) the evil genii of 
I -i.-iimI in awe , mill also bo add 
the white man's fetish— baptism — to their 
own, in order that they may be safely In- 
sured in any event Two thirds of flu- un- 
live population, however, are raw heathen. 

The central portion of ■ present field of 

labor, Identical with the District of Loaudti, 
la occupied by a mixed population, nil sub- 
jects or the Portuguese government and 
so uncivilized. The rest of the population 
ta composed of a number of distinct tribes, 
speaking, as litis been said, slightly differing 
dialects of the Ktmbundu.arid most of them 
quite Independent, These are, beginning at 
the southwest, first the Elsama, on the 
smith bank i.»f Hi" Kiianza as far t\< IVn-1... 
an agricultural people, rather low in the 
Boale of civilization, and a troublesome set 
generally In tfaetr relations with thegovern- 
msnt, though one who could get among 
them miglil llml them otherwise. Nest to 
the Elsama, eastward, on the same side of 
the Kuanza as far as Pungo Andongo are 
th" Lubolo, mi intelligent people of flue 
phvM.jHc, inhabiting ,a mountainous, benn- 
■;.i,- country. The Lubolo are 
an agricultural, and to a small extent n 



pastoral, people, arc very friendly, ■ ic i i 
scut uu Inviting Held for niissi.niaiN 
They are governed by petty chiefs, v. | 
mostly Independent. This country is right 
inT'.ns the river from the Quiougoa Stati-n, 
and, tike Egypt of old, is a"granary" to 
the contiguous districts, A great industry 
iiniong the Kisama and Lubolo is the pro- 
duction i >f palm oil. 

Beyond the Luboli i, eastward, are thoHnku 
country and tribe opposite 1' 

Station. The ei try Is high, undulating, 

and covered with prairie and forest Hie 
people are well formed ami well disposed, 
ami are 

This country and the adjacent part of the 
Lubolo produce great quantities of beeswax 
for exportation. 

The paramount chief of the Hitku Is 
nominally subject to the Portuguesi 
eminent, but the government does notexep- 
oise much control. 

Eastward from the Hakfc, but now on 
the other side of the Kuangu Elver, lies the 
Songo country, extending tram the vicinity 
'■f Malange to the head waters of the Luanda 
River. The people are called Mason gro, a 
tall, strong race closely resembling tno 
Bailundo toward the south; but they speak 



£ ** 



Angola as a Mission Field. 15 

i ^ ~~* ~— ~~ 

a dialect of Kimbundu. They produce a the Congo language field and partly in tho 

considerable quantity of a second-class Kimbundu. Tho Mahungu are stretched 
rubber for exportation, are agricultural in straggling settlements over a wide ex- 
and pastoral, and engage extensively in tent of country. These people grow coffee, 
the carrying business for the white trad- which is exported via Loanda and Ambriz. 
ers. Most of the petty Songo chiefs are The Mahungu have made great efforts in 
independent, but quite accessible for mis- recent years to stock their country with 
sionary work. cattle, and with good success. 

Northeast of the Songo, and directly in- • Besides these, right in the heart of our 
land from Malange, is the Mbangala tribe, field is the country of the remarkable Mbaka 
extending to the Kuangu River; the country ; (Ambaka) tribe. These are the cleverest 
is also called Kasanje from the title of the natives of Angola, and are quickly distin- 
paramount chief. The tribe is independent guished by a " peculiar expression of eounte- 
and enterprising in trade, bringing out nance, manner, and speech, and, in fact, 
great quantities of rubber from the interior, their general get-up, which enables them to 
but they are fond of rum, and quarrelsome, be at once recognized as surely as a raw 
They set the Portuguese government at open Irishman or Scotchman is among us. They 
defiance, and block all attempts from the An- speak, read, and write Portuguese best of 
gola side to open up the road to the interior any, and get into positions of influence 
which goes through their country. Their ' wherever they go. They arc the greatest 
country is neither accessible nor safe for traders in the country, and for puq>oses of 
outsiders while things continue in this state, j trade travel great distances among other 
Northwest of the Mbangala and northeast tribes. ,, They are also great agriculturists 
of Malange are another country and tribe — and have cattle ; but have been in time past 
the Mbondo. They are an agricultural and so oppressed by government officials that 
pastoral people, mostly independent, but ac- they have almost deserted their own coun- 
cessible. They furnish a good many car- try, and are found principally near to Duque 
riers, but are in rather a lower state of cul- de Braganza, Malange, and Pun go An- 
ture than some of the other tribes. j dongo, but also scattered all over the coun- 

Northwest from them and north of Ma- try among the other tribes. 
lange is the Ngola tribe, whose adapted Angola is without doubt Portugal's best 
name (Angola) is applied to the whole prov- colony, and the last one with which she will 
ince. " The king of Ngola, whose residence , be willing to part ; for, although it has never 
used to be at Loanda, was driven by the been of profit to Portugal as a government, 
Portuguese first to Pungo Andongo. and ' because of her benighted policy, yet num- 
then to the Kambu and Hamba valleys, . bers of Portuguese people have here made 
where people still dwell in complete in- , their fortunes and retired to live in afflu- 
dependence. The Ngola people are slen- ence in the mother country. 
der, dark-colored, oval-faced, with fine fea- Angola is the only central African pos- 
tures and extremities, shrewd and warlike, session which has a large white population 
agricultural and pastoral. Their hair is (about six thousand) and in which agricul- 
plaited and shaped into various patterns. | ture is flourishing on a large scale. This, it 
Their dialect in its purity is tho base of the , must be confessed, is carried on by slave 
Kimbundu." These people produce a great labor, and the great coffee-raising interest 
amount of peanut oil, and engage more or has lately been almost paralyzed by the fall 
less in the work of carrying. Missionaries in the price of coffee to one third what it used 
could make their way among them by work- to be. The extensive sugar-cane plantations 
ing slowly and discreetly. > are, alas, all devoted to rum making, but 

Another tribe dwelling in scattered vil- i there hfis been such an overproduction of 
lages in the neighborhood of Malange is the this article that some are considering turn- 
M hamba. They are a superior, capable ' ing their attention to the manufacture of 
people, who engage principally in hammock : sugar, others to cocoa, cinchona, and rubber 
carrying for the whites, in which business \ raising. 

they are acknowledged experts. Only part '' All authorities agree that the country is a 
of the tribe, however, is here, the rest hav- fine one, presenting many features of nat- 
ing their home far away to the northwest, ural beauty, and rich in natural resources 
and being with the Mahungu partly in . that only need to be developed. This was tho 



158 



Eahoea from Africa. 



verdict of MooteJlO, on Englishman who in 
the sixties thoroughly traversed the prov- 
ince, and whose book, Amjodi iiml tlf /i'nvr 
Oonffo, is still " the most valuable treatise on 
Portuguese West Africa.'' 

opinion is as follows: "Portu- 
guese Angola |, .-.,■-...■- -urh N']i;int:i;v- 

ffom Its position and natural reaouroee at 
might with energetic administration make 
it an opulent colony. Its climate, on the 
whole, is very tolerable tor the tropica; ii 
contains spacious highlands, the soil of 
which is well adapted for cereals and graz- 
ing; in its valleys might be grown coffee, 
tea, cotton, sugar cane, etc. It is rich in 
copper and iron. A judicious expenditure 
on railways would open out a rich interior, 
and enable It to share to a great extent in 
the prosperity ol Its neighbors. It poawaBaa 
several good seaports, which some day will 
attract the attention of North Charterlaud 
and Rhodesia. JI"i*samedcs is but a thou- 
sand miles away from the Victoria Falls, 
and less than thirteen hundred miles from 
Bulawayo, which test i> sufficiently sug- 
gestive of what, the next century mny 

The railroad is already In operation [or 
about two hundred and twenty-seven mites 

inland from Loanda toward Malange, and 
only noadfl energetic management to put II 
through aud make it a great success. Lo- 
anda is connected by submarine cable with 
both Europe and the Cape of Good Hope. 
Steam communication with Europe is kept 
up by the Portuguese, German, and English 
lines. The steamship line 160 miles up the 
Kuanv-a jsalsomaint'iiiu'il. 
Loanda is a city of 10,000 or more, the 




largest on the west coast, and It has « 
tensive public works and the only dry dock 
on tb" aoaflt The volume of trade is con- 
siderable, the imports of the province for 
the last four years averaging about 4,500,000 
milreis, while the exports amounted to an 
average of 5,500,0011 milreis. 

The only drawback is the lack ol 
just, and progressive government; and the 
present state of things cannot !. 
nitely. The province is destined sooner or 
later to pass into the hands of either Eng- 
land or Germany. Indeed, it is said that 
between Lisbon, London, and Berlin the 
matter Is already " cut. and dried," but will 
have to materialize very slowly lu order to 
save the feelings of the Portuguese people. 

Altogether this Held Is as important, as 
seedy, and as promising a one as is found 
among the natives of Africa anywhere. The 
stations, also, now held by our mission, can- 
not be surpassed in Angola for advan- 
tageous situation with respect to the people 
to be reached. The sites and lands owned 
and the buildings erected are valuable. The 
experience gained, language n. 
Christian literature commenced, and the b 
ginnings of a harvest among these peopl 
after years of faithful sowing are too p 
cious to be neglected. 

Bishop Hartzell, lu 1837, after first v 
ing this field, wrote : " If ever Bishop 1 
linm Taylor was led providentially to ente 
a missionary Held, he was so led to open the 
work in the province of Angola." This wit- 
ness Is true; and therefore the Methodist 
Episcopal Church should stand by and d 
velop the work there to Its utmost p 
Hea. 



Echoes from Africa, 



■1 these are our sinters, of one Father m ; 

moilicr will liol J Ms in Ikt embrace; 

i hi- biiv-ii fur In-own urn] black and « bit* j 

One Judge to meet them face to face, 
i in.- Cosjiel for all with a message sweet: 

Who'll tako It anil bear tt thy waters o'er! 
Those dark homes to heighten and sod b 

Oil far-away isles aud on A trie's shore. 

ie stays by " the stuff " and another g< 
a thI heaven mare* ■ reward foe each ; 
it they who " turn many to riirtneousuees 
Skull -Line us the star*," when hr 



(159) 
REMINISCENCES OF WORK IN OTTR INDIA MISSION. 

BT REV. J. L. HUMPHREY, M.D. 

AS soon as we were settled in Bareilly for ' On one occasion, when preaching in one 
our second time we began the building of I of the large markets, I noticed several 
the Boys' Orphanage. The Girls' Orphanage ■ well-dressed, educated young men among 
was at this time located in Lucknow, under ; our hearers standing on the outskirts of 
the charge of Mrs. Pierce. About two years a large crowd gathered to listen to our 
later, after the death of Mrs. Pierce, the . preaching. One of them seemed to be es- 
Oirls' Orphanage was removed from Luck- j pecially moved, as I thought. Upon con- 
now to Bareilly, and the boys were removed eluding I sought to find my way through 



to Shahjahanpur, where they have remained 
up to the present time. 



the crowd to him. I followed him for a con- 
siderable distance, and finally I succeeded in 



These institutions have served a highly coming up with him. I asked him how what 



useful purpose in the history of our work in 
India. In addition to their humane charac- 



he had just heard had impressed him. He 
said he was much interested, and he greatly 



ter In rescuing suffering and starving chil- desired to hear more. I invited him to visit 
dren, they have furnished us many valuable ■ us at the Mission, which he did in course of 
helpers. Some of the most able native min- a few days. These visits were continued for 
Isters in our Conference at the present time a considerable time, when at length he -re- 
were reared in our orphanage. Dr. Butler quested baptism. I deferred it for a while, 
made large plans for these orphanages and as I foresaw that he would have to meet 
expected great things from them. Perhaps : very bitter persecution. He said his wife 
not all has been realized that he hoped for ; ' desired to be baptized with him, and it was 
but enough has been gained by them to fully J arranged that on a certain day they should 
justify the wisdom of his plans. They have j come to the Mission for the purpose. On 
served a noble purpose and bid fair to con- the day appointed, though much past the 



tinue to do so for a long time to come. 
Our publishing interests began to take 



hour agreed upon, he arrived alone, with his 
clothes soiled and torn, and bleeding from 



shape at this time. A building was erected blows that had been inflicted upon him by 



for the printing press, and work was begun 
under the direction of Rev. J. W. Waugh, 
who was a practical printer. This interest 
has grown to vast proportions. I am writing 
this letter within the sound of the throbbing 
of the engine of our large publishing house 



members of his wife's family. They had 
taken his wife from him and carried her 
back to their home in the city, while he es- 
caped and came to us for protection. 

The next day Rajah Baij Nath, a Hindu 
gentleman, greatly honored by the English 



in Lucknow, which is under the supervision , people and the government for his loyalty 
of Bev. D. L. Thoburn. We could not then, in the mutiny and for the aid he had given 
in our most sanguine moments, have imag- to English refugees in those dark and fear- 
ined what we now see in this as in nearly ' ful days, called on me and asked that he 
every department of our great work. ' might be permitted to take this young man 

"We soon began preaching on regular days home with him for one night. He assured 
in all the most prominent points in the city. ' me that he would be responsible for his 
We also arranged a plan for visiting many safety, but that they would do all in their 
of the larger villages about the city within power to dissuade him from his purpose to 
a radius of five or six miles. This work was become a Christian. He consented to go, 
carried on with great zeal and earnestness, but asked that we would all of us spend a 
and it evidently made a very strong impres- ! considerable part of the night in prayer for 
sion upon the minds of the people. Two him. 

years before, on the occasion of the baptism The next day he returned to us victo- 
of Zahur-ul-Haqq, I saw the city moved on a rious. He said they argued and threatened 
religious account This year I was permit- him by turns, offered him large sums of 
ted to see the people far more generally and money, and exhausted ever}' device they 
powerfully moved on the occasion of the bap- could think of to lead him to abandon his 
tfsm of a Bengali babu, a young Hindu gen- design to be baptized, but to no avail. Their 
tleman named Ambica Churn, belonging to chagrin was very great and their rage with- 
a family of importance in the city. l out bounds. Many, many men anned with 



160 

beAvy siirks with lead run in about the end, 
a very dangerous weapon, were oa the roads 
about our premises ready for mischief, but 
the dear Lord restrained them. 

The next evening he was baptized aniid 
great rejoicing on our part and evident con- 
sternation on the part of the people, but 
there was no especial demonstration of open 
hostility. 

A day or two afterward Ambica Churn's 
father-iB-taw called to see- him, aud when for 
a moment my back was turned he sprang 
upon him with the tonicity "r a tjgei a&d 
dealt him a murderous blow, expressing a 
desire to kill him; but mercifully it did 
not prove fatal, as he evidently designed it 
should. 

Arabics Churn Paul, now retired, was for 
for many years a useful and devoted native 
minister among us. 

These two men, Zahur-ul-Haqq and Am- 
bica Churn, one a Mohammedan the other a 
Hindu, were converts from the better classes, 
and it seemed to me an assurance that these 



Totting for Chrtxt in- India. 



classes might be reached by the 1 1 

it seemed to me also an expression of I 

approval of our methods, which wars; 

1. The proclamation of the Gospel mes- 
sage iu its simplicity and power directly to 
the people iu their own language. 

2. We assumed that it was for all people, 
high and low, rich and poor, without 
Unction. 

:i. WV expected results. 

These, in my judgment, are essential prin- 
ciples Bad lay at the foundation of all true 
success iu efforts to evangelize the world. 
This is, I thiuk, fundamental to the Gospel 
economy. 

Of course there are many ways of preach- 
ing, many things that must lie done that are 
tributary to the one great work, but the ten- 
dency is for these to multiply and t<i 1>» <i in.- 
absorbing, aud care must be exercised to 
prevent this. There may be times when 
special attention must be given to B] 
classes, but we must not lose sight of the 
fact that our missioo is to all. 



TOILING FOR CHRIST IX INDIA. 

BY REV. ROCKWELL CLANCY. 

A 8 presiding elder of the Allahabad Dls- them. In one village we visited a porter. 

trict. Northwest India Conference, I The people came out of their mud huts audi 

have seen much that encourages me in the gathered around us, and one brought us a 

belief that Christianity is making progress, cot to sit upon near the potter. I asked him 

and that our labors are being blessed. to make an earthen pot on his wheel for rue. 

Twenty-five years ago Hev. J. F. Deatker, and paid him for it. Soon from the soft clay- 
then a layman f n government service, want he had formed a shapely vessel Than 1 
toChuoar and held special services. In 1B97 asked the people to watch me. I put my foot 
he became preaeher-in-eharge of Chunar on the vessel and crushed it out of sha[«\ 
Circuit, andhas a good English and Hindu- The people looked on in wonder, and asked 
stani work. During the past year he has why I had broken it. We told them of how 
become entirely blind, but ho Is led to our God had made man pure and holy, and that 
little church by his wife or children, and his Satan had ruined God's work. Then turning 
preaching has resulted in the conversion of to the potter, I asked him whether he could 
mauy. During August cholera broke out make another vessel out of the same clay. 
among the Europeans, and many died. He took it in his hands, wet it, aud molded it 
Brother Deatker wauled from house to house into a lump, then placed it on his wheel, and 
to pray with the sick and dying. His little | soon another beautiful vessel rose under his 
grandson, Carl, died in his house, but our skillful hands. We told the people of how- 
brother went on with his work. He was the Christ had come to take us poor, sinful ones 
only minister to bury the dead. Mrs. and make us dcw. beautiful vessels for his 
Deatker is one of our most valuable work- service. Then we knelt on the ground and 
ers. prayed that Christ would impress the lesson 

Mrs. Clancy and I have visited every cir- upon their hearts. When we rose to go the 

OOit ou the district together, besides my people urged us to sing one more hymn 

regular tours. We went with our workers about Christ. 

Into the villages, and found that many of One evening we went to a village. Some 
the simple people had learned of Jesus from | people saw us coming, and brought a cot for 



Toiling for Christ in India, 



161 



us. We sat in the narrow, dirty street, with baptized. Madar Baksh, our preacher at 
its long rows of low mud huts on either side. | Manikpore, recently baptized him, and he is 
Men. women, and children were returning now teaching his people about Christ. 
from the fields which surround the village. . Thus the work of Christ grows. 
Some were driving oxen and carrying their : Five years ago we had not a Christian in 
plows on their shoulders. Some of the : Manikpore. It seemed a most hopeless 
'women carried naked babies in their arms place for Christian work. Madar Baksh 
And bundles of grass for the cattle on their | was abused in the bazaar and the people 
heads. Other women carried on their heads tried to drive him out of the place. To-day 



earthen pots full of water from the village 
"well. It all made a pretty picture. The 
people gathered around to hear us sing; and 
then we told them of the love of Christ. 

My wife went with the women to another 
part of the village, and I had a good talk 
with the men. There were twoold Brahmans 



he is the most respected and trusted man in 
the community. He is doctor and preacher 
combined, and all the villagers look upon 
him as their friend. 

Near our Mission house at Manikpore is a 
plain on which the Hindus used to celebrate 
the victory of the demigod Bam over 



to whom I spoke very plainly about their Rawan, the demon-king of Ceylon, who had 



example in teaching the young people to 
worship demons and idols. They said they 
knew it was wrong ; that God is a Spirit, and 
that men should worship him from the 
heart ; but they were afraid to offend the 
spirits, who, when angry, could do them 
much harm. I told them of the power of 
Christ to cast out evil spirits and make men 
free. These two old Brahmans express the 
feelings of the millions of Hindus. The peo- 
ple are in bondage to 
Christ can set them free. 



stolen away Sita, Barn's wife, who was after- 
ward rescued by Hanuman, the monkey- 
god. A huge figure of earth, twelve feet 
high, represented the demon. Every year a 
great mela was held lasting for several days, 
during which the story of Bam and Bawan 
was acted, to the delight of the villagers, 
who came many miles to see it. But since 
our Mission began its work there the mela 
has not been held until this year, when it 
Satan, and only was revived. Madar Baksh protested, but 

I they held it. Then the rice crop failed, and 



During the famine of 1897 we saved a now the people say that they have dis- 
Thakur family, high-caste Hindus, an old pleased God by holding the mela, and will 
man and his wife, a grown-up son, and two not do it again. 

little boys, from starvation. They were . A few days ago wo had a great victory 
ruined farmers. This year we sent them to ; over heathenism. Chittia, our old ayah, a 
Manikpore, where they took up land, and are Christian, and wife, of Mangali, who at one 



supporting themselves. The young man 
became a Christian last year. This year lie 



time was a pastor teacher, died in Lall Kurti 
Bazaar, in the home of her daughter, whose 



has brought his little brother of twelve husband is a heathen. Early in the morning 
years to Christ. The old j>eople have not Baldeo Pershad, the pastor, came to say that 
yet been baptized, but they have given up the heathen relatives had gathered at the 
idolatry, and eat with their Christian chil- house, and were determined to burn the 
<lren. body on the banks of the Gauges, according 

Many years ago a Brahman boy ran ! to heathen custom. We prayed that Mangli 
away from his home, near Manikpore, and, ; might have courage to be true to Christ. 
falling into the hands of a coolie agent, About one hundred of our Christians went 
was taken to Demarara, in South Amer- to the village, held a service, and strength- 
ica. He returned to his home a few months ened Mangli. They formed a procession and 
ago with about $200 and bought land. A ' marched out of the village with the body. 
Christian master had taught him about , singing victory to Jesus. The battle was 
Christ In Demarara, but he had not been won, and we praise God. 



Lord, give me strength all faithfully to toil, 
Converting barren earth to fruitful soil. 
I long to be an Instrument of thine, 
To gather worshipers unto thy shrine : 
To be the means one human soul to save 
From the dark terrors of a hopeless gruve. 

2 



Yet most I want a spirit of content 

To work where'er thou'lt wish my labor spent, 

Whether at home or in a stranger clime, 

In days of joy, or sorrow's sterner time. 

1 want a spirit passive to lie still, 

And by thy power to do thy holy will. 



(162) 
THE EDUCATION PROBLEM IN INDIA. 



1(Y 1MB. N. M. 

THE education of Eurasian and Anglo- 
Indian I.' Li li) n?ii has engaged my '■iiiii>'>t 
attention for the tweniy-six years of my life 
in India. For the lust seven years I hare 
assisted my husband in a high bodogI and 
college lor boye on the top of the Himalaya 
Mountains, and so I nave a personal knowl- 
edge of the difficulties, workings, unci re 
quireineuts of such schools. 

This rapidly increasing community of 
Eurasians far outnumbers the European 
population of India. Their influence, by ex- 
ample as regards rellgftMia and social cus- 
toms ami ilmiirsti.- lite, over Hi" native 
Christian communities taa la-en almost un- 
bounded. Tho Eurasians are born Chris- 
tians, but have always lived in the midst of 
Hinduism, Mohammedan ism, Buddhism, 
and orientalism, and hence have grown up 
without a very keen sense of the enormity of 
sin as sin, and do not see clearly always the 
connection between religion and the. daily 
conduct of life. This is not strange, per- 
haps, considering their origin, in the first 
instance, and their environments. 

This class was entirely neglected, from a 
reHgious, educational, and social standpoint, 
until the Methodist Episcopal Church of 
America opened work in India some forty 
years ago, and a coeducational school for 
Eurasians was commenced in Gawspoxe 
twenty-five years ago. Our Mission has 
continued to open schools nud to build 
churches, and has so raised the status of this 
class that other missions tlnd it Worth while 
to "take them up" uinl do What they DM 
for them. 

The government has so far done little for 
their education and elevation. There are 
cottages and universities in .-wry pro-ij.li'iicy 
for the pure natives, but not one endowed 
college for the Eurasians. Hence Hindus 
and Mohammedans secure the higher posi- 
tions in government service. Notwithstand- 
lag these disadvantages, many or them have 
pushed their way up financially and socially, 
and are able to pay small educational fees, 
but not sufficient to secure teachers of the 
highest BoholasUe attainments, 

The Roman Catholics are wise in this as 
in every other country, and are laying their 
hands not only upon the native, but also 
upon the Eurasian, children of India. We 
Protestants can, if we will, learn of them. 



MASSELL, Jt.D. 

They send out to India men and women edu- 
cated especially for India, and of the very 
highest academic statu*, who belong V ■ cer- 
tain religious orders and who are pledged to 
celibacy They live lives of humility, and 
do the moat self-saerillcing and heroic work 
without hope of earthly reward. The sub- 
lime tore "f Christ seems wholly to actuate 
them. They seem to have a passion for 
souls and [or Christian service altogether 
worthy of imitation by Protestants. They 
receive little or no monetary remuneration. 
A Catholic tutor told my husband not long 
since that bis salary was $15 per month, and 
that he was able to return most of it to the 
school funds, as he had no use for iL 

And herein lies the crux of the matter. 
We cannot compete with papists in India, 
because our teachers cost too much. We 
must pay them a comparatively large salary 
or they will not work. They are not, as a 
rule, trained teachers devoted to Christian 
educational work, but may be anybody who 
wants a temporary job until he can belter 
himself financially. This means frequent 
changes in the teaching staff. Soim 
we have inferior teachers who have no re- 
ligious convictions whatever, and thej 
not be total abstainers. We cannot afford 
to take in poor and deserving boys us the 
Catholic schools do continually, because of 
an expensive staff, A Protestant sent two 
of his sons to this school as boarders last 
March on small fees. He paid for two 
months only. Whon four months had 
elapsed without another rupee from him wo 
were obliged to ask him to pay up or remove 
his Im >ys. He chose the latter, and put them 
in a Catholic school only a mite from here. 
Probably they were admitted as free board- 
ers, and doubtless are good Catholics to-day. 

What can the Methodist Church of Amer- 
ica do about It? It can establish an edu- 
cational brotherhood in one or more of Its 
colleges, pledged to celibacy, poverty, and 
olii-iijiiiee for five years at least, filled 
with a sacred desire to do good without 
thought of profit, prominence, appreciation, 
or rewiinl ror services, glad to associate with 
boys and to influence them for good ; to eat 
at the same table and to share the same 
dormitory. Catholic teachers do all this and 
more. 

Let these university brothers prepare 



Proportion of Gifts for Foreign and Home Missions. 



163 



themselves thoroughly for work in India. 
Let them study the Indian government code 
and system of higher education. Let them 
continually practice a pure and cultured ac- 
cent and inflection, a sympathetic und 
genial manner. Let such come to India and 
continue the good work of our English 
schools. 

Then can we compete successfully with 
Catholic schools and colleges; then run 



Methodist schools carry the palm among the 
various Protestant schools of India. Then 
will they see their pupils drinking in the 
same Christlike spirit which has actuated 
themselves, and imbued with the same ar- 
dent love of souls, leading the native converts 
by thousands as a conquering missionary 
host to triumph over the darkness of hea- 
thenism. 
Mussoorie, India. 



PROPORTION OF GIFTS FOR FOREIGN AND HOME MISSIONS. 

BY REV. ARTHUR J. BROWN, D.D. 



ANEW YORK pastor says that he " never 
could understand why we think so much 
more of a heathen abroad than at home," 
and he intimates that we ought to give less 
for foreign missions, and more for the con- ! 
version of " the foreigners within the shade 
of our churches" — a sentiment which was 
editorially indorsed by several newspapers. 
If, however, he had looked into the report of 
the Charity Organization Society of New York 
he would have found a list of no less than 
3,350 religious and philanthropic agencies in 
his own city. If he had opened the Brook- 
lyn Eagle Almanac, he would have found the 
bare catalogue of New York churches occu- 
pying 25 pages, 1 church for every 2,468 peo- 
ple. If he had read one of the religious 
papers, he would have noted that : 

" If these 1,003 churches and their auxili- 
ary buildings were placed side by side, they 
would reach in one unbroken frontage of 
long-meter godliness from the Battery to 
Yonkers, twenty miles, and that the value of 
the church property amounts to $67,516,573. 
If put at interest, the income would nearly 
equal what is raised annually by the whole 
United States for the evangelization of the 
pagan world. In other words, about as 
much money has been raised and perma- 
nently invested for the salvation of New 
York as Christian America thinks is enough 
to appropriate for the spread of the Gospel 
throughout all heathen lands." 

The first time I visited New York's slum 
district I was astonished by the great num- 
ber of missions. The Rev. W. T. Elsing 
says: "There Is no city in the world, except 
Ixradon, where more is being done to point 
the lost to the Son of God than in New! 
York." As for the other parts of the coun- ! 
try, everybody has seen the statement that | 
St. Louis has 1 church for 2,800 of insula- 



tion ; Chicago, 1 for 2,081 ; Boston, 1 for 1,600 ; 
and Minneapolis, 1 for 1,054. 

In the United States as a whole there is 1 
church for every 387 people, 1 Protestant 
minister for 800, 1 Christian worker for 48, 
and 1 communicant for 5. Talk about the 
needs of the United States! In a typical 
Eastern town of 8,000 people there are 3 Pres- 
byterian, 3 United Presbyterian, 3 Metho- 
dist, 2 Episcopalian, and 1 Christian church, 
though every time I comply with the request 
of the brethren of that denomination to use 
the appellation "Christian " I am reminded 
of the small boy who was asked by a pomp- 
ous " elder," who had just arrived : 

"Say, bub, are there any Christian 
churches in this town ? " 

"Yeth, thir," promptly lisped the young- 
ster, "there are five Christian thurches in 
this town and one Campbellite." 

As for England and Ireland, we are told 
that last year their charitable income ap- 
proximated £30,000,000, and that of the im- 
mense sum only £1,400,000 was spent on 
missions to the heathen. In other words, 
whilo every man, woman, and child at home 
could claim 15 shillings as their share of 
charitable gifts, every year 1,000,000 heathen 
have to divide 20 shillings among them. 

But how is it abroad? In Africa there is 
only 1 ordained missionary for 250,000 people ; 
in Siam, 1 for 300,000 ; in India, 1 for 300,000 ; 
and in China, 1 for 700,000. When Dr. Mitch- 
ell returned from China he said of a journey 
of only twenty-four hours, from Hangchow 
to Shanghai : 

" I was absolutely awestruck and dumb as 
I steamed post city after city, great and 
populous, one of which was a walled city of 
300,000 souls, without one missionary of any 
Christian denomination whatever, and with- 
out so much as a native Christian helper or 



164 



Third Eeuvt'iiical Conferenot or Foreign Miaiont. 



teaeherofnny kind Thai :-i!ont moonlight 
night, as I passed unnoticed by those long, 
dark battlements, shutting in ttkfllr pagan 
nultltadoa, on one of the most solemn "f 
my life; and the hours of daylight, when 
other cities still larger than many of our 
American capitals were continually coming 
into view, and the teeming populations of 
the canals and rivers and villages and Holds 
and roads were before my eyes, kept adding 
to the burden of the night" 

The government sends the majority of its 
soldiers to the front, but for every mission- 
ary the Church sends to the trout she keeps 
76 at the rear. We spend annually for Chris- 
tian work at home CI. 33 for each inhabitant, 
while abroad we squnnder one third of a 
cent for each! "It is true there are heathen 
at home. But how long will it take 1" iftve 
them all? 

"England has been doing home mission 
work for fourteen centuries. And yet there 
remain in London alone 100,000 registered 
criminals, with 3,000,000 people in the lapsed 
masses. In America the proportion i- not 
better. How long will it be, at this rate, be- 
fi.iv wi'i-iui help the heathen abroad? Mean- 
while they are increasing at the rate of 
9,000,000 '.wry year in spite of the fact that 
they are 'lying at the rate of 85,000,000 a 
year. In the face of these facts," exclaims 
an Omaha pastor, " shall wo talk of doing 
less for the heathen abroad, who are such 
by neoMSlty, in order that we may do more 
for the heathen at home, who are largely 
such by eholoe?" 

I do not mean that we should lessen effort 
at home. Rather would I m« tfatrt sfflorl la- 
eifii-.'.i. We aie not doing enough for our 
cities, while our now small Western churches 
are the main guarantee for the future Chris- 
tian character of that portion of our land. 
Hut 1 am -.peaking now of general condi- 
tions in reply to the objection flmt MieChn>- 
t iiJij people of America are doing more for 
the heathen than they are for their own 
and my thought Is, not less for 

home, but more for foreign. "These ought 

>e bo hiiiv done, and not to leave the other 

tii ■■■■■ Fori Onflerw. 

Third Ecumenical Conference on Foreign 
Missions, 

THE Conference of 1000, representing the Protes- 
tant missionary societies and missions of the 
world, -.ill !-■ held in Now York April 21-M*y 1. m 
Carnegie Hull und oilier halls anil fhurche*. 



To enable the foreign mission workers of all lands 
to compare notes and Improve methods In every 
branch of the work. To promote natty, harnion? , 
mid cooperation between missionary org»nl Eat ions. 
To stimulate the interest of the Christian world In 
foreign missions. 

SOM* OF THK MISSIONARY DEJ.EilATES. 

/.■j./.'.r — Bishop Thulium, Ron. Jacob Chamberlain, 
K, r. B. nullum, E, W. Parker, .1. K. ctongli. J. I 
Abbott, W. II, Findlay, K. 8. Macdoiiuld, Maaiteo 
FUlOpa, H. C E. de St. Dalmas, L. B. Wolf, Kev. 
and Mrs. E. L, Porter, Rev. L li. s.n.ider, M.D.. 

Frank Allen, M.D.. Miss Isabella Thoburn, Miss 
Anstlcc Abbott. OMiw— Revs. William A-! 
R. C. Beebe, M.D., D. Z. Sheffield, Uenry Blodgett, 
C. F. Knpfcr, II. H. Lowry, T. W. Pearce, O. B. 
Smyth, llu. Ki.:i Taylor, Dwlgbt Goddard, W. E. 
BootMU, It. I.. Mackenzie, Ella F. Swlnney, M.D. 
Jap— —Her. M. L. Gordon, D.D., M.D., Revs. Al- 
bnrtas Pielers, C. F. Retd, -I. O. Spencer, Theodore 
MeNalr, Ber. J. C. Hepburn, M.D., and Mrs. Hep- 
burn. Korea— Rev. W. M. Batrd, C. C. Vinton, 
M.D..O. R. Aviaon, M.I). Slam— Rev. Chalmers Mar- 
tin. Ajri-i— Bishop HurUell, Revs. Daniel Rapalye, 
George Cameron, .Tames Stewart, Robert Laws, S. P. 
Verner, Henry Richard*. Kjui'l— Rev. ,T. R. Alexan- 
der, Revs. John Glffln, J. P. White, ZWftey— Ren 
II. O. Dwight, Cyrus Hamlin, 0. W. Wood, Edward 
Riggs, C. C. Tracer, and Miss Conine Suattnok. 
Syria, JUn/inr— Revs. T. B. llussey, I» W. Tttt- 
rance, Wm. Jessup. Jfcriw*— Revs, F. S. Burton. 
J. D. Baton, John W. Ballet, II. W. Brown, A. T. 
Gray bill, Misses Janet II. Brown und Mary de V. 
I.»yd. *aifl -Rci a, W, U. Bagojr, II. .T. McCall, 8. 
W, Chamberlain. DanUt KM fccHtt— Bev. J.Price. 
>■■ ■.■..i.i,. Paton,JosepaKlna>, F.lf. Prise, 
ROT. and Mr*. E. M. Pease, M.D. 

From Great Britain, Canada, and the British col- 
onies B number of distinguished men and women 
mu.l in-live mission workers have announce I i ' 
lention to attend the Conference. Twenty-nine Brit- 
ish societies have already appointed delegates. Tills 
does not include any colonial societies. 

Germany sends Urs. A. Sehreiber and A. Men-o- 
aky, representing the German foreign missionary 
bodies; Rev. P. Kranz from China and Rev. Emil 
Silvern fr.'iii Africa. SwH»'ii sends -Johannes Rln- 
raan froni China ; Norway, Rev. L. Onhle ; and Fin- 
land, Messrs. Antll Makiuen and Maul Start nun. 
Every null brings notice nl ap|>olntm 
gntes, 

BtlWUH or Program. 

Authority and Purpose of Foreign Missions. '. 
sionary Review of the Century, Administrative P 
leiriB. Boards and Societies. Wider Relations, 
sions and Governments. Unity, Cooperation, 1 

■■: Fields. Self-support by Mission C 
Non-Christian Religions. Apologetic Problems, 
latfon of Missions to Social Progress and F 
Hi. World. Evangelistic Work. Native i 
Native Church and Moral Questions. 
Elementary, Normal, and Higher Schools, Indus 



The Cry of Fullest Asia. 



165 



Agricultural, Economic, Medical, etc. Education it is possible that the omnibus plan is the best one. 



of Women. Philanthropic and Medical Work. Hos- 
pitals and Dispensaries. Literary Work. Vernacular 
Literature. Mission Presses. Bible and Foreign 
Missions. Missions and Home Churches. Mission- 
ary Literature. Young People's Societies. Surveys 
of Fields by Countries. Statistics. The Present Sit- 
uation. Outlook and Demands for the Coming Cen- 
tury. 

Estimate of Expenses. 

Hospitality, $12,000, including entertainment of 
foreign delegates. Halls, meetings, music, etc., 
#0,000. Publications, $ 12,500, including programs, 
stenographers' reports of meetings and addresses, 
and 10,000 two-volume reports of the proceedings of 
the Conference. Exhibit, $5,000. General expenses, 
£10,000, Including salaries, traveling, printing and 
stationary, stenography and typewriting, postage, 
office rents, etc. Contingent expenses, $5,000. To- 
tal, $50,500. It is estimated that $13,000 will be re- 
turned from the sale of reports, leaving a net ex- 
pense of $37,500 ; but, as this return is not certuin, it 
is deemed wise to provide not less than $40.(NN). Con- 
tributions should be sent to George Foster Pea body, 
treasurer, 27 Pine Street, New York, X. Y. 



The dry of Fullest 

"Awake," saith Christ to Christians, 

" In me and for me live ; 
To Asia's thronging millions 

My sevenfold blessing give." Awake ! 

" Awake, and come and help us," 

Those " holy fields" cry out ; 
•• Awake, and look and listen," 

Those " border waste lands " shout. Awake ! 

" Awake, we are your kinsmen," 

The sons of India say : 
** Awake, nor leave us shaping " 

Cry Dyak and Malay. Awake ! 

" Awake"— the voire is China's— 
•" Come through our owning door ; " 

" Awake," Korea echoes, 
A hermit land no more. Awake ! 

41 Awake to our awakening," 

The isles of Nippon sing ; 
'Tis Asia's sevenfold summons, 

" Awake, make Jesus king." Awake I 

O Saviour King, forgive us, 

We are but half awake : 
Forgive and rouse and 1111 us, 

Thy sevenfold gift to take. Amen. 

— .1. /.'. Jfitm/t/trti/x. 



Taking the Collections. 

TAKIXG collections is one of the tine arts. It is a 
risky business to fix on a certain date for a 
given collection, and then take it regardless of wind 
or weather. Much is said in adverse criticism of the 
omnibus method by which all the appointed collec- 
tions are taken on a certain Sunday previously 
fixed by custom, pastor, or officials. It should be 
said that since the object is to secure a liberal 
amount for each cause presented, the best way is 
that which gets the most money. In some churches : 



If that be so, then employ it by all means ; but if 
not, then be rid of it at the earliest possible date. 
Usually people do best when they are intelligent in 
regard to the causes for which they are asked to 
contribute. It is difficult to make the average 
hearer intelligent by simply stating that "the collec- 
tion will now be taken." 

Xearly every cause to which our people are asked 
to coutrlbutc is well worth a carefully prepared ser- 
mon. This certainly is true of the Preachers' Aid, 
the Frcedmen's Aid, the Church Extension, the 
Missionary, and the Bible Societies. Five of the 
best and most carefully prepared sermons that a 
preucher can produce ought to be given each yeur 
in behalf of these important interests : and cer- 
tainly the education sermon must not be omitted. 
Discourses on each of those causes might be given 
that would be of great Interest and protit to all who 
might hear them, and the result would certainly 
be a systematic giving and a steady increase in 
the amount contributed. It is very natural for 
people to wish to know what has l>ceii done with the 
money they have already given, and what is pro- 
posed to be done with the money that is solicited* 
The sermons suggested will supply the information. 

In one respect some of our pastors very griev- 
ously err in the matter of taking the regular collec- 
tions. They are utterly without method or system. 
The whole business is done in a careless, haphazard 
way. They are perfectly sun.' to put off till next 
month what ought to be done this month, and put 
off to the end of the year what ought to be done long 
before the last quarter, when everything is badly 
congested in the affairs of all proerastinators. Cer- 
tainly sjHM-ial pains ought to lie taken with the 
major collections; they ought to have the right of 
way, and by all means they ought to have the most 
favorable time assigned to them. 

It has come to be the custom to make apportion- 
nieiits to the several churches of the amounts they 
are cxi>cctcd to contribute to the various benevo- 
lences. This apportionment, as a rule, is fairly 
equitable. There may be some exceptional ease* 
where it would be unreasonable to expeet the full 
apportionment, but such caws are very rare indeed. 
It ought to Ik* the purpose and ambition of every 
preacher to raise the entire amount apportioned to 
his church for each and every cause. This can 
be dime almost alwa\s if the pastor will preach 
the sermons suggested, ami if he will see that the 
collections are taken in due time and not crowded 
in at the last of the year. We hc.»jM-uk lor all our 
causes the most careful consideration and the most 
generous giving. — Zi'm's //»r#i/#/. 



A rF.STrilY ago but few believed : 

And only seven jkt cent the Church received ; 
Hut now the increase of the Church is more — 
And seven per eriit has grown to twenty-tour. 
This increase, if continued, soon will bring 
A world redeemed — one jM'ople and one King. 
The Churches working freely (iod has blessed — 
And sent a fatal gangrene on the rest. 

— HI M. Buhm. 



166 



Taking th<. Missionary t 'ollecHon . 



Taking tbe Missionary Collection. 

REV. HENRY .1. JOH>"STOX, Pastor of Summer- 
Bald Mh.tii(.<ii.*t E pi si.' o 1 1 ill Church, Ibrlnns' 
Harbor, X. Y., furnishes the following as tbe plan 
adopted by It I id [or taking a special missionary offer- 
ing In addlttou lo the rBgohu oSertn 

" Last fttit, after an excellent and appropriate 
sermon bj- Dr. W. P. Ferguson, of Ilacketlstown, ST. 
.1., tin- offering inimMd to |1T. TbJ> year, by 

tbe adoption of tl»- plan ihit Itue'l lij-ihi' cnrJs n> 

given below tin offerings boa Sunday school ud 
Chureh netted £1(10 : 



■Roll Call an6 flMasionariJ 



s 



ERVICE of the 
UNDAY SCHOOL of 
UMMERFIELD M. E. CHURCH. 
UNDAY. February 1 Ith. 1900. al 9 A. M. 
taasmaay Hasan*, N. V. 



Mi Hi unary Think Oft 



., ■■■■■. ■ 
.) IW e.ery vtir Irf inemberslii]>, a> U>™ 



ana how to interest the Whole church tn the monthly 

ri. 00 pastor anil committee put their ln-nd.s 
together with the following result. One Bt U adaMj 
morning a ii.. in-- Oka this n as read from flu- pulpit : 
This congregation Is invited to join aa Fmh mnr 
trip around the world. Special trains and steamers 
have been provided for our exclusive use. Expen- 

t II be light. Kodaks and bicycles ran be taken. 
The excursion will leave the chapel Thursday, Janu- 
ary 21, 1KM, 7 p. M., sharp. Be sure to get on board 
hen the bell rings.'' 

Naturally Ihere was considerable Wondering, what 
tin' notice meant ; ami as a conseqneiii 
bell rang" on Thursday night, ISOcame lo And 
Instead of tbe usual T5 prayer maetll 
ashen were at tin- door with little American 
pinned on their routs and mimeograph programs 
their hands. Each program had a flap thrust tin 
one side. The ushers seated the people in 
transformed with festooned limiting and dra| 
flags, t kit tin- platform hung the historic flag that 
Faragul flew on the BmrffanL A beautiful crayon 

re was on the blackboard behind the speaker's 
desk. By (Ills time the astonished andleoce fere 
ready to look in the program, which read 
thing as follows: 



or thim Sunday Sen 



ROLL CALL 

MISSIONARY SERVICE 

Summerflclb fl>. fi. Cburcb, 

MARINERS' HARBOK. N. V., 
SUNDAY, FKBBVAnr I tTIt, 1»00, 

AT 10:33 A. «. 



li'^'lhit'i 



" These cards, after being signed and returned, we 
have fastened to two large cards which have been 
framed and hung In tbe Sunday school room. This 
may be suggestive to other Sunday schools." 



How One Missionary Society Studied Missions, 

THE society began with three advantages : a liv< 
missionary committee, a pastor with a mission 
ary library, and a church that could not be easily 
Btnrll.il. The problem to be solved was twofold- 
how to set the Ktidi.M Hirers to studying missions 




First Night.- Prom Michigan lo California. 

Prayer by tlie Faster. 
Singing.— " Faith ejiethflM rlotory." 

Topic.— Home Minimi- aiming Michigan Pines 1 



Topic.— What Hiiist i- lining 111 t'tilingo. 
Singing. -"Throw nut the life Bob." 

I'iijiIi:. sii:l|i sliuls fr 11 cm Window hetwrenC 

cago and the Coast. 
Topic.— How a Home Missionary Saved Uic tire 

Northwest. 
Singing.— " Aiuerlea." 
Benediction. 

No 11-: ! This eiourftton itope ;ii the False* He 
San Francisco, until tbe steamer sails bar BaanlL 

The four topics on the jirogram were treated In 
five-minute talks or papers by Endeavorcrs. Bead- 
ing from missionary magazines, books, or news- 
papers was strictly barred. What was presented 
must be the result of personal study. Consequently 
it was bright, fresh, and now and then startlingly 
naive. Everybody sung. Everybody enjoyed 
decorations. Everybody voted the first night ot 



Space does not permit speaking of all the 
grama in detail. This only need be said ; The 
slouary committee sought to make the titles as 
attractive as possible, and mingled lighter and 
descriptive themes with solid missionary informa- 
tion. In the Hawaiian program one topic was "A 
VTsU to Mil' Great Volcano;" and on Japan night 
all were Invited to take " A Bicycle Ride on the To- 
kaido." 

At certain times the Juniors told the story of tho 
children of the lands the excursion visited, 
times the stcreopticon was used. Sometimes 
deavorers apj>e«red dressed in the costumes 



i the 



story of the 
sited. 8ome- 
imetlinea V< 
tumet of [" ■■ 



Chris fs Teaching about Personal Responsibility. 



16' 



pies studied. Every night the decorations of the 
room were different. On Japan evening a great um- 
brella twenty feet in diameter hang from the center 
of the ceiling, while fans and lanterns were displayed 
everywhere. 

For two years this missionary excursion was in 
progress, with unflagging interest from first to last. 
The society became so enthusiastic that it engineered 
a missionary extension lecture course, securing such 
men as Dr. Paton, of Polynesia ; Dr. McKean, of 
Laos : Rev. Gilbert Reid, of China ; and Rev. Lewis 
Esselstyn, of Persia. The society adopted a mis- 
sionary as its own, thus joining the Macedonian 
Phalanx before it ever was organized. Its mission- 
ary offering leaped from $25 to $125 a year. A mis- 
sionary reading club was successfully maintained 
one winter. And the effect on the church was that 
Endeavor night was the most largely attended mid- 
week meeting of the month. 

"What this society did can be repeated as often as 
desired, provided that the Are of enthusiasm is 
lighted and kept alive by prayer ; provided that the 
pastor or some other leader can help the Endeav- 
orers find the treasures of romance and achievement 
so abundantly hidden away in missionary literature, 
and provided that the missionary committee is wise 
enough to develop the latent energies of its society. 
— IF". JT. Spencer, />./>., in Christian Endeavor World. 



Teaching about Penanal BeaponsMity. 

WHAT does personal responsibility involve? 
Evidently it is responsibility for one's own 
relation to God, and also for the relations of 
others to God, so far as it is within one's power 
to influence them. We often shrink from ad- 
mitting responsibility, especially in the latter re- 
spect. We not only feel that our own obligations 
are all which we can manage, but also are reluctant 
to take the trouble involved in concern for others. 
But, whatever our state of mind, responsibility can- 
not be escaped. 

We are in this world and we have personal duties 
to God which cannot be evaded. No thoughtful 
mind can fail to realize that it is better for us to 
have them than it would be not to have them* 
Moreover, we are surrounded by other people. We 
cannot avoid coming into more or less close rela- 
tions with them from hour to hour. We could not be 
happy, it is a question if we could live, but for this 
intercourse, and it inevitably clothes us with a 
measure of control over their thoughts and actions, 
and subjects us to their influence. We cannot avoid 
responsibility. 

It follows that a right-minded man, who desires 
to make the most of his life and to be of use to the 
world, will accept his responsibility, both for him- 
self and others, and try to meet it suitably. This is 
what Christ bids him do. It Involves the honest, 
reverent consideration of the claims of Christ as the 
Redeemer of man upon the individual soul. And 
this leads to the acceptance of Christ as a personal 
Saviour. For choice in this matter each of us is re- 
sponsible, and the only true, wise choice involves 



loyalty to God through Christ. It also involves ad- 
mitting that it is in our power to make other people 
better or worse than they would be if they had not 
come in contact with us. 

It is inevitable that we do them good or harm in 
some degree. We are responsible for the silent in- 
fluence of our mere manner of life, whether we dis- 
tinctly intend to impress others thereby or not. We 
influence in a measure their thoughts, their aspira- 
tions and ambitions, their hopes and fears, their plans 
for life, their relations to the present and to the long 
future. And if the fact that such a responsibility for 
others rests upon us be almost overwhelming, it is 
lightened by the consciousness that to encourage and 
strengthen them to fight the battle of life, as without 
our aid they could not. is not only possible but easy 
by the sympathetic spirit, the kindly word, the noble 
and consecrated example, no matter how modestly 
set before them. Responsibility is indeed serious and 
weighty, but also it is a privilege, and it may be- 
come a joy and a blessing. — The CongregatUmalbt. 



Arizona Mission. 

BY REV. S. A. THOMSON, D.D., SUPERINTENDENT. 

OUR work was never in as good a condition as at 
present. We have just finished a substantial 
brick parsonage at Globe, without any indebtedness, 
making our property there both valuable and desir- 
able. An excellent revival has just closed at Saf- 
ford, giving to our Church strength and prominence 
in the midst of a Mormon settlement. 

We have secured and paid for a good lot in the 
very center of the town of Bisbee. The lot cost 
$1,000, and we hope before the year closes to have a 
suitable church erected and paid for. This is new 
work opened a year ago under most difficult circum- 
stances, but our success is assured. 

In the past two months 32 persons have united 
with our church at Flagstaff, and our little Sunday 
school has readied 100. At Prescott improvements 
have been made on the church and parsonage, a 
choir room and an enlarged choir gallery added to 
the former, and a very convenient and spacious 
kitchen to the latter. Quite a number have united 
with the Church since Conference, the spiritual life 
of the Society is intensified, and a mission established 
among the Chinese is vigorously carried on in which 
several conversions have occurred. The church at 
Phoenix is full of hope and courage under the leader- 
ship of Rev. C. V. Cavan. I could write excellent 
things about every charge in the Mission. We enter 
the new year with bright prospects. 

December 26, 1S99. 



Opportunity. 

There is a tide in the affairs of men, 

Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune ; 

Omitted, all the voyage of their life 

Is bound in shallows and in miseries, 

On such a full sea are we now afloat ; 

And we must take the current when it serves, 

Or lose our ventures. 

— JuUhx Ciewr. 



(16S) 
DECEASED .METHODIST EPISCOPAL 1IISSIONAE 



TLb tidings and call stirred the hearts of uianv, 
ail three of the students In Garrett Biblical Insti- 
ito volunteered, and were accepted late in lais 
! missionaries Is India. They were James Btusw, 
Joseph R. Downey, and James W. Watigh. Three 
appointed abont Ihe same time: James 
Thoburn, of Ohio ; Charles W. Judd, of New York ; 
and Edwiu W. Farter, of Vermont ; and all all 
sailed for India parly in 1SDS1. All were married 
except Mr. Thoburn, and their wives aooompariled 
them. 

Mr. Baume received his appoint men t from Bishop 
Janes, December 7, 18B8, to join the lndb. H 
(in December "ifi n farewell meeting was he I. ; 
Wabash Avenue Methodist Kpi- ■ i 

Chicago. The church was tilled to i's 
Grant Goodrich, Esq., presided. ReT. Dr. KloVler 
offered prayer. Rrv, I)r Demp- 
ster, uf Garrett Biblical bwri- 

tiite, Hindi' mi i 1 1 ■ ■ ■ - "n ! -■ 
address. " It was a i 
and elevated review of [!:.■ mis- 
sion Held and 

missions, both in general ami 
Willi inference to li"- ■ 
field to which Mr. Baume was 
singing of 



Bev. James Baume, D.D. 

JAMKS I1AUME was born October O, HM, in 
Halifax, Yorkshire. England. His parents, 
Samuel and Ruth Baume. were Methodists in humble 
circumstances, but of sturdy Christian character. 
His fiiihi. r 'lied when James was fourteen years of 
age, and the mother was left with the care aud train- 
ing of eleven children. 

James hud but few school privileges, but he was 
a studeut and read all the books he could procure, 
and early stored his mind with useful knowledge. 
He was converted ut the age of twenty while a clerk 
In the store of a Mr. Cooper, I Weateju local 
[ii-.-iiriii.-r. li Ml MOD Men thai be bad both grace 
and gifts, qualifying him for effective Dtrattlan 
work, and be was given a local prcachi 

In 1848 he came to the United 
States, aud iul WO was reoetVed 
on trial In the Rock River 
Conference of the Mcihodi~t 
: il Church, ordained a 
deacon, admitted Into lull con- 
nection in 1852, and ordained 
an elder In 1S54. Ills first ap- 
pointment was junior preacher 
at St. Charles, and he ma mb- 
-ii|in'nrly appointed to A aeon, 
I n n hi. first Church, Rockford ; 
Clark Street i.'imrcii, Chicago; 
andLockport. While at Aurora 
hit was married to Marie Antoi- 
netli- Hawkins in l-^.'J. Tfbo Cot 

■■■!l V .'!-■- -hill-. I lii- ; .i "-. 

a noble woman, a devnted wife 
and mother, a consecrated mis- 
sionary, 

Wlille preacher in charge of Clark Street Church, 
Chicago, now known as First Church, he arranged 
for the building of the church block, which wan 
reduced to ashes in the great fire of Oclober, 1871, 
but was soon afterward rebuilt, and which baa been 

of great value to Chicago Methodism. During his shire, England, where he held :V.l services in ol-ont 

pastorate here the late Dwigbt I.. Mood;, then ■ four weeks. Writing of tiiiaj ti be Be] 

youngmau.wasconneitcd iviili ilie eliiii.li, and Mr. Ii.i.l m.hic ul the happiest -ea.-uns I .-i. r ■■■.. ■ 

Moody afterward aoknowli dged the great benellt he the work of Ihe Lord. His nurd was win, 

derived ban tlie advice, gjmpathjr, prayer*, and and wo trust that fruit will remain to Um 

aannons of Mr. Baame ami ins nrvloec of Uw nfbumame." 
church, I Leaving England in February, after l ■■ 

fcteu tlie close- i.t Ins pastorate at Clark Street be four months, Mr. Baume reached Madras Jul 
.1. i.THiiiiei] to pUffM t course oj stndj In Garrett ! 1859, and preached his first sermon in India .ink .': 

Biblical Institute, the Meihodist theological school in the Weatevan ' bapel at Blacktown, Kadi 

then newly established at Evanstou. 111., and to en- arrived at Calcutta July 1."., In bis join n;. I I,, 

able him ti. do tills he «as given a. small Charge not speaks of visiting Dr. Duff, and says: "We took 

far from Evanston. leave of Dr. Duff profoundly impressed with bis 

As early as 1S54 Mr. Baume felt called to tlie fi.r- simple greatness, his iilisnrbiiur ill vniii.n lo 

eign missionary work, but the way did nol then awm tabllshment of Christ's kingdom in India, 

pen. In 1868 Dr. Wn, Butler wrote fr.ua India which no one man, in all probability, has i - I 

aaying that the terrible eepoy rebellion was over, ated M effectively." 

that India was opened to the Qotpel and greatly lie left Calcutta July 27 for Lucknow, M hi 

needed Christian workers, and called for helpers in arrived August (1. Tin Vnntial Meeting, ; 
establishing the newly founded Methodist Mission. | over by Dr. Butler, was held In Lucknow Bepternbu 




lev i i mains" Mr. Baume 

addressed the meeting 

ind apitro- 

priate, at times awal 
■ li emotion among I 

of his hearer- who bad I 

Mr iimime left Chicago De- 
cember &, 1869, iritl 
and little boy, James Simpson [lb i 
of age, now a judge in Illinois), and sath.il from 
Boston for Liverp.x.l r>» ihe st" inner r 
ber 29, landing in Liverpool January ■.'. 

there be went to rtsii hla her in Halifax, York- 



Itev. James Baume^ D.D. 169 



5-9, 1850. and Mr. Baume was appointed pastor of 1883, largely at his own expense. His wife followed 
the English congregation in Lucknow. A love feast . him in 1884. He was stationed five years at Nainl 
was held on Sunday after the close of the Annual , Tal, two years at Poona, and two years at Bowen 
Meeting, which was attended by the missionaries I Church, Bombay. 

and their families, a few British soldiers, the native i lie rejoiced in the confidence and love of his 
helpers and their families, and the orphan children. • brethren, and was pleased to receive the following 
It was opened by Dr. Butler, and after the passing resolutions adopted by the Rock River Conference, 
of the bread and water and several had spoken, Mr. which met in Rockford, 111., September '28 to Octo- 
Banme said he was in full sympathy with his breth- ber 3, 1887 : 

ren who had spoken. He rejoiced most of all, how- Whf.kf.as. Our beloved brother. James Baume, has 
ever, that he had part in that which was the burden been absent from our country for three years past, (lo- 
ot their converse— the salvation of God. He knew lug effective work in northern India: 
the time when, the place where, he first received a Jlfcw/mf, 1. That we rejoice in his continued devotion 
sense of pardon—when God kindled a light in his to tne K rcat fle,d where he lias sjwnt so many years, 
soul which had continued to shine until that hour. ami wo W|U co "«uue to pray for him and his devoted 
Ten years before that he became associated with the ^ife that (;o<l may P ros,»er their labors and spare 
•-./-. . . A . . .. „. . _ . . . | them to return to their native laud in his good time. 

Methodist itinerancy in the \\ estern States of Amcr- ' 2 We W|U welcome fte|r mm iQ our mla when . 

ica. He could not doubt that God had otKmed his ever (;od lnay u > ad them this way# 

way to the duties and responsibilities of the minis- 3. We request the secretary to send Brother Baume 

try, and that he had led him to India, as since his a copy of these resolutions. 

conversion, sixteen years previously, he had had a ' Signed. 



LKWisCrRTs, 
C\ G. Thi'Ksdkll. 
<\ K. Manhf.vii.lf., 
W. A. SPKNrKK. 



quenchless desire to preach Jesus to the heathen. 

In his journal on December 2, 1859, Mr. Baume 
wrote: "Attended this day the first Bible meeting 
ever held in Lucknow. Not two years since the 
building in which we met was in the hands of a Mo- ' Dr. Baume gave himself with intense devotion to 
hammedan monarch. That dynasty has passed his work in India, and in the spring of 181*2 was suf- 
away and a stronger has taken its place. Hence- fering from overwork. During the intense heat of 
forth, as we hope, the Bible is to be enthroned in , the summer of lsfrj in Bombay he received a sun- 
the councils of the new government. The Lord stroke, which resulted in paralysis, and his physician 
Bishop of Calcutta presided at our meeting, being i ordered him to immediately leave India. After u 
on his episcopal tour through the northern portion , trying voyage, and with the constant attendance 
of his diocese. Bishop Cotton is a plain man, ' and care of his wife, ho reached London, where he 
thoroughly evangelical and useful in his labors, was met by his son, Judge Baume, of Illinois. For 
His visit to Lucknow is one of great interest, 08 three weeks he was in a private hospital and then 
British soldiers receiving confirmation yesterday, resumed his journey, crossing the Atlantic to New 
It is our great joy to know that God has blessed York, and thence to his old homo at Rockford, 111. 
our labors to these precious souls." Here lie partially recovered, was able to walk altout 

After some years of faithful work he wus assigned and attend some of the church services, yet contin- 
to Xaini Tal. In both Lucknow ami Xaini Tal he ued weak in body, but was strong in mind and 
was successful in building up large, self-supporting cheerful in spirit, rejoicing in the presence and care 
congregations of English aud Eurasian oflicials, of loved ones and the sympathy and fellowship of 
soldiers, merchants, and others. He also studied many friends, who did all in their power to minister 
and became proficient in the native language, trans- to his comfort, and {assessing great peace with 
lating some of our Methodist hymns into llin- God and perfect trust, in Christ. 
dustani. He was always in sympathy with and Months passed and his friends were hoping for 
ready to help the native brethren in their work. his complete recovery and a few more years of use- 

The health of Mrs. Baumo made it necessary for fulness, but suddenly the sum mo us came. Alwmt 
him to return to America in the full of lWW; re- midnight of June is, 1*97, he spoke of mhiic diffl- 
entering the work in the Rock River Conference, he culty of breathing, slightly raised his hand, and the 
was pastor of First Church, Rockford, 111., from lSOn" wheels of life >tood still. 

to I860. Mrs. Baume survived their return but a few 1 Kev. J. W. Waugh, D.D., a fellow-missionary in 
months and died in Rockford February 14, isivr. India for many years, wrote of him : •• Dr. Baume 
On May 15, 18fi0, Dr. Baume married Elizabeth was a man of noble presence. Nature had richly 
Rodd, of Rockford, 111, ne filled successively pas- endowed him, physically as well as mentally. Tall 
torates of First Church, Evunston : Ottawa, Galena, and symmetrical, he stood a monarch in the pulpit. 
Princeton, and Fourth Street, Sterling. The early part of his sermons was expository ami 

He had been wishing for some years to return to very suggestive. Wanning with his theme, his 
India, and the Mission there greatly desired his countenance would light up with a glow that more 
services. A supply was needed for the self-support- , than suggested the spiritual world — his voice in its 
ing church at Naini Tal, where he had previously modulated, well-rounded fullness adding to the 
been pastor, and with the cordial approval of Bishop impressiveness of the speaker and the theme. As a 
Harris and Dr. J. M. Reid, Corresponding Secretary CSospel minister he had few equals ; as a prearhcr of 
of the Missionary Society, he again went to India in the word he ranked with the highest. As an extern- 



Jiev. Frank Ambrose Goodwin. 



jinn: speaker tit- liad a wonderful command of lan- 
guage, well befltiing tin: strong jini elevated thought. 
He was a hopeful missionary and a stalwart 






Bev. Frank Ambrose Goodwin. 

FLNK A. GOODWIN was bom 
Me.. September 13, 1*17. 
yeare old bis father died, and tli 
ere to support herself and berll 
I. <ii.' ■ alldien, Vr.iTik noatred 
common school education, and 

111'- .,_■ ■ ■! >■:■.!.■ :i ■ I i-'.'l if 

drummer boy, am! when the oft 
war closed, two years later, he t 
turned playing the cornet. 

Soon lifter his return, win 
eighteen years of age, he was eo 
raited in ■ Methodist church 
Portland, Me. He felt .jailed 
active Christian work, and souk 
by reading and ttudy i" obtain 
belter preparation. In 1*71 
was Boiling portraits of John ai 
Charles Wesley and Mr. Flrtrln 
and 1u Pittsburg, Ph., the bun 
lug winter met the lady who afti 
ward became his wife. In U 
he was secretary of the Youi 
llen"s Christian Association in llavcrl n . M i--.. .,: ■ 
tbcneit year became secretarj Of On Youtii; Mrn'. 
Christian Association in Scranton, Pa. 

Baton the year closed he had acquired sumcleut 
money and education to enable him to enter Drew 
Theological Seminary, at Madtaon, N. J. Here he 
■was known not only as a Christian worker, hut an 
excellent singer, and his services were In demand 
not only in Madison, but elsewhere. 

In the summer of 1ST4 Dr. J. H. Vincent (now 
Bishop Vincent), knowing his musical ability, en- 
gaged him to play the cornet, with Philip Phillips 
as organist, at the first Sunday School Assembly at 
Chautauqua. 

This proved an important meeting to hltn. His 
friend ami fellow-student at Drew Seminary, John 
E. Robiusou, now editor of the BuSo* R K not, at 
< uli-iitiii, I ml in, hIio praa also a singer, accompanied 
him to Chaatanqn*. 

While there tin i mo n.h-.l m. eiithnsbwQi! llllllllilll 
and In response to a call from William 
Tnylor to enter the self-supporting English work in 
South India, Frank Goodwin and John E. Robluson 
offered themselves and were accepted, and sailed for 
India October 30, 187*. 

Bottom leaving for India Mr. Goodwin was mar- 
ried to Mis* Elisabeth Bunion. The ceremony took 
place October 18, 1874, at Pittsburg. Pa. Mrs. Good- 
win did not sail with Mm, but followed aim to Iti.lin 
the following year. 

Mr. Goodwin arrived in Bombay, India, December 
l'i. un, and was appointed to Kurachi, about Ave 
hundred miles north of Bombay. Here he remained 
for two years, during which a church building and 





parsonage were erected- He was then appointed W 
the Eugllsh church in Calcutta, as assistant to lit. 
J. M.Thoburn Inow Bishop Thoburn], arriving there 
in December, 1876. 

Rev. T. H. Oakes had been appoint! 
men's Mission in Calcutta, but his health failing, he 
was obliged to resign, and Mr. Goodwin, in 1877, 
was appointed as his successor. It was a work for 
which he wan specially qualified. Hi* genial dis- 
position, musical abilities, and love for souls gave 
hi in access to many beam, and 
be was eminently successful. Be 
exerted himself beyond his 
strength, and after (our years of 
untiring labor he broke down en- 
tirely, and it was necessary he 
should leave the country. 

Ou February 18, 1681, hie weak 
and wasted form was carried on 
board a ship at Calcutta, and with 
his family be sailed for America, 
leaving a sorrowful group of 
friends who feared he would not 
survive the voyage. Ho was 
spared to reach his mother's home, 
on a farm near Blddeford. Mr. 
where be lingered until Ausm-t 
16, 1881, when he was called by 
the Master and slept in Jesus. 
The Gospel he had preached gave 
' ii iilioili<nl support In bis last hours. 

At the following session of the South India Con- 
ference the report of the Committee on Memoirs said 
of him: "Our toil-worn brother rests at last, and 
truly his works do follow him. Few ministers of his. 
age leave behind them so much tangible work ae- 
compllshed as did he. He was never Idle, and no 
oue ever saw him working Id a perfunctory manner. 
Work with him was another name for earnest nes?.. 
What he did he did heartily as unto the Lord. If we 
may be pardoned for alloding to what he himself 
considered an error after he had been stricken down, 
his greatest mistake consisted in working too Incon- 
siderately. The love of burd work becomes almost 
a passion with some men, and many a Christian 
laborer forgets that his Master would have mercy 
and not sacrifice. Our dear brother felt this after hr 
was prostrated; regretted that he bad not more clearly 
regarded his health as a sacred trust from God. But 
no oue can speak of this error with the slightest feel- 
ing of censure implied in it. It our brother wore 
himself out prematurely by unremitting toll, we may- 
well apply to him the words of agreat religions leader: 
'It Is better to wear out than to rust oot.' Ko spt-'.'k 
of rust was ever permitted to gather on his blade/' 
He left a widow, who resides at ill Itenwick A Ye- 
nue, Syracuse, Ji. Y.; a daughter Joanna, less tl 
Ova years old, who died March 1, IWIt; and a son 
Clinton, who Is a student in Syracuse University. 



" HascKronTH,'' when earth's short U 
When victor)" by his grace Is won, 
A crown of righteousness for mc, 
The Lord himself mine eyes shall see. 



(171) 



THE MISSIONARY PULPIT. 



Oar Love to Others. 

" Love Is the fulfilling of the law."-Rom. 13. 10. 

1. (tod's love for man embraces all men. He 
knows every man even to his innermost thought. 
lie has a definite plan for every man's life, and a 
personal interest in the welfare of every individual. 
His great plan for each man is that he " might be 
partaker of the divine nature." 

'2. If we are partakers of his nature, we shall have 
the same desires and the same interests that he has. 
We shall then have an interest in all the people of 
earth, a love for them, and a desire for their salva- 
tion. None of these qualities can ever be so exten- 
sive or intense in us as the same qualities are in our 
Lord, but they must be none the less real. 

Our knowledge of all the people of earth can never 
be so extensive as that of the Lord, but surely with- 
out a knowledge of their conditions and needs we 
can never have an interest in their welfare, and with- 
out that interest, coupled with intense love, we can 
never have a part in their salvatiou. 

A family moves into the house next to us. We 
have never heard of them before, hence we never 
had any interest in them as a family or as individ- 
uals; but now we become intimately acquainted 
with them. We learn their habits and traits of char- 
acter. We are interested in the most minute details 
of their daily life. So we are utterly oblivious to the 
welfare of the people of a distant land of which we 
have never heard, and our interest in them can never 
be aroused until we become acquainted with their 
conditions and needs. 

3. Hence, if we are to be like the divine, we must 
increase as far as possible our knowledge of all men. 
This knowledge, which will serve to stir our love for 
all and lead to our interest in their salvation, may 
be gained in several ways: (1) In order to gain it 
we shall need to study their conditions, either by 
personal visits or by attention to what others may 
say about it. (2) We shall need to study their con- 
dition from the standpoint of God's revealed word 
that we may comprehend their awful condition 
without salvation. (3) We must earnestly pray 
that the Holy Spirit will help us to understand 
their real needs as no human study can ever reveal 
it to us. 

4. The most complete knowledge of their condi- 
tions will not produce interest in and labor for all 
men if it is not accompanied with a divinely inspired 
love, neither can we bo partakers of the divine nature 
and not have that Interest and love. We can never 
be so broad-minded as the Lord, hence our interest 
in all hts creatures can never be so extensive as his. 
But the person with the divine nature will make his 
knowledge of the conditions and needs of all as ex- 
tensive as human possibilities will allow. The prin- 
ciple of love planted in us will prompt us to the most 
intense interest and self-sacrificing labor for all the 
peoples of earth. 

5. It is because the majority of Christians think 
the Church an Institution for self-improvement and 



self-salvation only that so little love is shown for 
the people of the world, and so little effort is put forth 
that all men may be saved. When the Church shall 
be filled with people who are possessed of the divine 
principle of love the question of men and money for 
: God's cause will t>e solved and the cause will move 
on to victory. — J. 11. Jtoicen, in Wctleyan Methodist. 



Sermon Outline on the Seoret of a Missionary's 

Life, 

" For the love of Christ const ralneth us."— 2 Cor. 5. 14. 

I. Introduction. — On the secret of the success 
and the motives of great and notable men. Such 
secrets and motives always interesting, and the ob- 
jects of popular search. 

II. Mainspring of Paul's Life.— His enemies 
said at Corinth and elsewhere that he was a bad 
man, with the worst of motives in all the seeming 
good he did. lie explained his course by replying 
as in the text, "The love of Christ constraineth 
(moves) us." 

III. The Largeness of the Motive.— The love 
of Christ expressly and by implication together 
means : (a) Christ's love to Paul and his coworkers 
and the world, (b) The love of Paul and his co- 
workers for Christ, (c) The love of Paul and his 
coworkers for men— all men. Well might such a mo- 
tive inspire him to suffer, sorrow, toil, wait, and die. 
But notice— 

IV. The Power with "Which It Moved Him.— 
The word rendered "constrain" means: («) To 
hold fast, shut up close ; (b)to press upon and so to 
confine as a besieged city ; (e) to hem in and press 
upon— to throng and so to urge forward as a great 
crowd sometimes catches hold and bears one on 
through the street; (rf) to have the custody of, to 
possess, and therefore to control. Paul's life justi- 
fies his word in its fullest meaning. 

V. This Motive Has Made Many Other Great 
Missionaries — for example, other apostles, Carey, 
Judson, Livingstone, Moffatt, Morrison, Zinzendorf, 
etc. So surely as we had such motives it would 
make missionaries faithful and effective of us. The 
lack of it appears in the unworthy, or inferior, mo- 
tives by which we are swayed ; for example, love of 
wealth, culture, honor, and fine churches, pride of 
organization — in a word, in our selfishness. 

Shall we not make the secret of the life of the 
greatest missionary, save One, the secret of ours * 
Then like him we shall preach the Gospel: (a) in 
every way ; (1) with life, (2) with lips, <3) with prop- 
erty ; (b) to all persons; (1) whatever their condi- 
tion, rich or poor, cultured or not, resectable or 
not ; (*2> whatever their color, black, yellow, red, or 
white; (3) whatever their nationality— go teach aU 
nation* .- (r) everywhere ; in the pulpit and out, on 
shipboard, on train, in the places of business, at 
home and abroad. "Go ye into all the wwW. M 
u The flfhl is the trorW—D. Jf. Smith, in Mi**ionnnj 
Iiittllit/tiH'er. 



Christian i'lanxh vs. Heathen World. 



The Debt of the Christian Ohnroh t 
Heath™ World. 



THESE word* admit U to the secret of the 
apostle's lite; they reveal lb* IdM Which in- 
spired Bud sustained his manifold labors ; and at 
the same time they illsclose the permanent obllga- 
lioo ot the mlssl-aiury enterprise. I'aul was con- 
vinced he had a debt to pay. a duty to discharge, to 
the whole heathen World. 

What exactly did the apostle bwnd by these 
words! We are familiar enough with the idea of 
debt In the moral sphere. W* have known children 
Id hopeless debt, to the pun-ni-., who, [ot their ttktm, 
denied Aamaettna eretj comfort i we have known 
men who owed tbeir lives to the devotion ot others, 
aud that was an obligation w-hirh held litem i" It* 
grip forever. Was this, then, Paul's meaning T Had 
he received so much from Greek scholarship and 
Roman civilisation that his lifelong labors COUld 
hardly repay the itifi - Kay I By birth and educa- 
tion, by nature and habit of thought, Paid wan " 
Hebrew <.f the Hebrews. Such slight advantages as 
he had received from Greece m Borne could m-ver 
have demanded the snerifke ol that lal'oritiiis life. 

What, then, did Paul mean * His conception seems 
to be this : Th. i renin I lirist Is ■ soercd 

trust, given to one on behnll "I nil- The mere 
knowledge of the Qoapel lays upon man a solemn 
reeponatbUtt] to proclaim it. And this is the nbid- 
rlstle ill i !»■ knonli-iL'v <•! Cm] : Kvery 
vision of God creates n message ; ■■very revelation of 
his will becomes a burden till it is obeyed ; every 
experience ot his grace compels testimony. 

The man of science may shut himself up in his 
laboratory and never ear.- to ■-''■■••■ the rendu ••( bit 
experiments to the world j the artist taay be so en- 
tranced with )ii- own vision of b- -,i ,■ . 
not suffer the world to share it ; the politl ■ inn may 
tM lettn i mly so long Ba he is amepubln In the 
masses ; but not so the propM- ' Ml ,; "d. n-'i si the 
apostle of Christ. ■' He is a steward," as Paul snys 
elsewhere, "of the mysteries of ChttBt.* 1 Botnn- 
thlng has been Intrusted to him for behoof of 
others, and in their debt he remain until the my* 
tery Is made known. It matter* nui whether <'■'•■< 
message is Welcome or not. The word Of God is in 
the heart " as a burning Are shut np in the bona*." 
So Paul cries, "Keoeealty aid upon 



■. II 1 p 



oapell' 



i Paul's conviction, The knowledge of 
the redeeming loroof Cbrlai planed Mm in the debt 
of every man who knew it not and H 

sensibility was a chord in thU man's nature that 
vibrated to every touch, it was u mistaken aenae of 
duty which made htm the lenlous persecutor of the 

(hiin.li; it woa I ttm -en- ! ilnry I hat made him 

her foremost missionary. He felt the Ignorance of 
the world as his reproach, its vice as his shame, Its 
misery as his sorrow ; and tin- dent I 
Eornnt, unsaved World lie never felt wia paid till he 
ad on Hie block. 



The argument of tlits apostle still hold-, 
privilege carries with it a responsibility ; alii I 
fore our knowledge of the Gospel places us in d. It 
to all who are in ignorance of It. That one man 
should die Ignorant of it is a reproach upon the xe-al 
ol the Church, This man took npon his own shoul- 
ders a responsibility for the world of his d»] 
thought of its festering corruptions would have !*•- 
come a nightmare if he had not tried to 
his debt to It with every fraction of his strength. 

And the only thing that ought to make tin I 
of the heathen world tolerable to us is that we nro 
spending and being spent on its b" 
tudc of the Christian is likewise uu anawm 
sneers that are (rcqiieullj' leveled at Christian mis- 
sion*— - ' that the people do not want Idem: that 
they areperfeclly happy without them.' - Bl | | 

the assertion true, we have nor! 

impnMon urges us on, and wo oooJd 1 I 

God in the face if we did nol utiempi to dl 

ourdebt to our less [avond WlotrmeO 

every booeat man to W in debt !■ ■ ■ 

Every luxury is denied 

the uttermost fartliini; i- [-aid. W.uihl <,,..! thai the 

debt of Ibt Church to the heathen world -■• ■ 

upon the conscience of the rluireh lo-,],.;. 

Jnillrs H'lbbif, ffl .1/rWm.ri-;/ ll.r.il-l. 



The Bible, 

WE Inn-- .i j f of bibiii'al inspiration In me 
perfect ailaplllcss ol the « i.ird • ■' ■ 
Il t-l . ..,-.,-.. . -..; 

si.. its well nays i -- i'iie treatl — I r i 
tallty Is attractive to tlie scholar, bnl 

dull to the unlettered man; the Veda of S BdU 

is, 11 a whole, ti n In t ■■ ili lj"i i ■ ■ K 

be a sealed book to the majority of Its 00 

la contrast to all these, the Bible rill* th* who i, . .. 

ru inference of man's endowment ; ii tot 

thought and feeling In this great hum 

adapted to Inspire the sage, t" :iisi in. - 

to guide thuehild." Truly this is u universal t k. 

answering man's deepest 'jucstioiis, so i i 

most Intricate problems. Ilium inat in B man's darken 

hours, giving him support In life, poaoi 

aud a song of sweetest, melody ami ■ 

glory of the eternal world. Our nstrono 

out Uranus and Jupiter, but not the s: . 

hem. Our geologisi? unfold earth's strs 

veal no Rock of Ages. Cbarti 

writes the first line of his own epil 1] 

dramatist, journalist, novelist," but Charles Itrn.ir, 

the Christian, pens the other line, " i 

resurrection, not from any power hi 

from the "ill ol the Lord Qod A 1 might] 

came that revelation save through the d 
of the sky! No heart Is loo hard [< 
melt, no sin too great fur the Bible to banish. DO 
lifetoo degraded for the Bible to transform. Ouly 
let a man test God's word and he wi 
favor an argument that no soplllstr] 
■hi touch, Lei us clin 
to the word of God.— K. B. r- r ,.,, iili. 



(173) 



MISSIONARY CONCERT. 



Program. 

Reading Scripture : Pita. 2. 1-12. 
fiiNGFNG : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 910 : 

Great God, the nations of the earth 
Are by creation thine. 

Prates, for the many millions of the Chinese, and 
for those who are working for their redemption and 
salvation. 

Si so i no : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 920 : 

Arm of the Lord, awake, awake ! 
Put on thy strength, the nations shake. 

Questions on China. 
Address on Missions in China. 
£ingisg : Methodist Hymnal, Hymn 923 : 

Behold, the heathen waits to know 
The joy the Gospel will bestow. 

Collection. 

References : China and Its Ro/Ae, by W. II. With- 
row ; Things Chine*, by Dyer Ball : Glances at China, 
by G. Reid ; A Corner of Cathay, by Adele M. Fielde : 
A Cyrb *>f Cathay, by W. A. P. Martin ; China and 
Formosa, by James Johnston ; The Break- Up of China, 
by Lord Charles Beresford. 



in Ohina. 

CHINESE ladies dress altogether in silks, the coolies 
altogether in cotton. First of all, next to the 
skin, they wear a sort of simple apron or plain piece 
of silk tied around the waist and lapped behind. In 
place of this the common women wear a sort of cot- 
ton ** front " or shirt that covers the chest and mid- 
dle,' bat has no back. Next come the underjacket 
and the overjacket, the trousers, the apron, and the 
foot covering— a bandage and shoes for the little- 
footed, a cotton boot Inside the shoe for the coolies. 
To keep warm they put on more jackets, the heaviest 
being the outermost one, which is padded, quilted, 
or for lined. For outdoor dress they often wear 
what they call a "front and back," or sleeveless 
overjacket. 

They carry flat, stiff fans, the foldable or closablc 
fans being mainly in use by the men. If a lady's 
fan is of silk, it is apt to be beautifully hand painted. 
To-day the best form of the painter's art is in the 
service of the fanmakers, and consists in copying 
those masterpieces of a bygone age which the Chinese 
still consider the most beautiful paintings on earth. 
Bat if a lady is very rich and exquisite, she carries a 
fan of eagle feathers, worth, possibly, as much as 
#100, and kept, when not in use, in a precious box of 
carved lacquer. 

Then, again, had my instructress been a lady, she 
would have had a pretty powder box in with the 
combs and the sticky mixture. No Chinese lady 
goes anywhere without her powder box, or fails to 
touch her face with powder whenever she catches 
sight of herself In the bit of mirror in the lid of her 
bos. When she la out for a formal call or a wedding 
party or a dinner she is apt to paint her face with a 



paste made of wet rice flour. It dries and gives her a 
deathlike (in her opinion, a beautiful) appearance. 
She wets a cloth and takes the paste off her eyes and 
her almost always full and pouting lips, and then, 
for a coup de resistance, she wets her finger and 
draws it thrice down her throat under her chin. 
Three red marks are left where her finger has been, 
and her adherence to custom as well as her power to 
fascinate all beholders is complete.— Harper's Bazar. 



China's Dying Millions, 

Hark ! there comes the sound of crying, 

Borne across the western sea ; 
China's countless millions dying, 

Mourn in hopeless agony ; 
Moan on moan, with few to pity — 

So they die eternally ! 

Lo ! the priests are chanting, chanting, 

Endless prayers in monotone ; 
While, like demon spirits haunting, 

Hired mourners shriek and moan ; 
Incense burns while souls are dying, 

But these ne'er for sins atone ! 

See ! the shrines are dimly lighted ; 

Hear the mourners' measured tread ; 
Past the chant for souls affrighted, 

Now the worship for the dead. 
Vain is all that man can offer 

For the souls tor which Christ bled ! 

So the countless millions, passing, 

Go beyond this earthly light ; 
So the countless millions, massing, 

Wait for judgment's endless night ; 
So the days go by, and going, 

End our time of doing right ! 

Christ is coming— judgment awful 

Waits the souls that die in sin ; 
Christ is coming— judgment lawful 

Must with Church of God begin. 
Rouse, ye saints ! arise, deliver ; 

They will shine who souls shall win ! 

-//. ir. f. 



Questions. 

Wltat is the area of China? The area of China 
proper is 1,336,841 square miles ; the area of the de- 
pendencies of Manchuria, Mongolia, Tibet, Junga- 
ria, and East Turkestan is 3,8*1 t 5fl0 Bquare miles. 

What is the j»>puhiti»n of Ctiina * The latest esti- 
mates give the following as the population of the 
Chinese Empire : 

China proper 386,000.000 

Manchuria 7,500.000 

Mongolia *2,ooo,ooo 

Tibet 6,000,000 

Jungarla. 600,ooo 

East Turkestan 680,000 

Total 402,680,000 

How is China governed? The supreme direction is 
vested in the sovereign and the Grand Council. The 
administration is under the supreme direction of the 
Cabinet, comprising four members, two of Manchu 



174 



Questions "it China. 






and two of Chinese origin, besides 

from the Hanlin or Great College, who have to set 
that nothing ia done contrary to the civil and roll- 
tfaOM laws uf the empire. The Tsungli Yainen, M 
F. .tr-Li;[i Offline, comprise* the I ouiieil of 8tnle and 
six other officials of the highest rank. It controls 
not merely the matters with foreign nations, but 
also those institution* in which foreigners form 
pan of i In- working stud, such as the Maritime Cus- 
toms, Peking University, etc. Each of the 
provinces is ruled by a governor, who is responsible 
to the sovereign for tbe entire administration, 
political, judicial, military, and fiscal. 

pn rent intreiijn / Kwangsu, who is the 
ninth emperor of China of the Manc.hu dynasty of 
Ti'lng, which overthrew the native dynasty of Ming 
in the year 1«4. He came of age in 1*37, and then 
nominally assumed government. In 1S89 he under- 
took full control. In 1893 an imperial edict 
sued announcing that the emperor had resigned 
power to the empress dowager, widow of the Em- 
peror II k'ti- Feng, who has since retained control. 

What i> the language of China? There are several 
different languages spoken In China which hare 
some relation to each other, yet most of the words 
used by tbe natives in one section of tbe country ; 
not understood by those living in another. The 
following are tbe main divisions of speech 
guages : Cantonese, llakka, Amoy, Swatow, Huinn- 
nese, Shanghai, Ningp.., mid Mandarin. Some of 
these have several dialects. Mandarin is the most 
widespread, and all the principal officials "peak it, 
and all who aspire to office or come in contact with 
official life acquire It. 

Ham ii the I'tiiii"! linguaiji- .qirtmttd in writ- 
ing} Chinese writing Is composed of simple strokes 
and dots, perpendiculars and horizontals, modified 
according lo certain rules conditioned by the posi- 
tion In which they ore to appear. Many imitative 
and other symbols are used. The foundation is 214 
root characters, and the use of 2,435 characters are 
generally sufficient. 

What u tht religion «} the Chinae pnnJt I Tha Con- 
fucian is the state religion, but It bas no priest- 
hood. Ancestral worship, whieh was commended by 
Confucius, ia everywhere observed. Taoism and 
Bnddhism are religions believed In by many, and 
they have many temples and priests. About thirty 
millions of the people arc Mohammed a us, one mil- 
lion Roman Catholics, and one hundred thousnud 
are Protestants. 

IIVi.v, aid Protatmt IftttfM mr% fagln In China? 
The first Protestant missionary to China was Rev. 
Kulx-rt Morrison, of Scotland, who went to China in 
1807. He baptized his first convert in 1SI4, being 
Hie first Chinese convert to ProtesUul Christianity, 
and in that year completed the translation of the 
New Testament Into the Chinese, and two years 
later, the Old Testament. 

taut (7oi.vft.« ami nulitlm an mm at 
Wit i« CMm, and Aim many mUoMris od son- 
irrii hair ih.ij t The Rev. Harlan P. ftmrli prepared 
the following in 1399, which furnishes ttie statistics 



U 



Prut- -.taut Episcopal Board., i* 
I're-liytriljii Board i North) ... i„ 
KrliMiiii-rliliiiiili in America.. i~ 
Methodist EpiM'H'-'' t'lmleli... i- 

Seventh-Day Baptist ....lis 

Southern Bant 1st Convention, tB 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 



■ 



l'i-f.-ti)tL-i hiu I'hui'r't], Canada 

AlllCrioUTl llilllr- Slx-li-tY, 

Foreign christian Missionary 
Christian aud Missionary 
Unitcd liretii'i'i'ii 
Swell i all- American Mission. 

Aim-Iii'lin I'li-mlV Ilu .i),l. 
Mi-tl -t Church. Canada. 

1 ;n-<]i:-l LiiijuKi Mi-iin'i . 



Totals of American Societies 



l.oinlr.n Missionary Society.. 

Uriihli ):ii.|..- Society.. 

Female Education society.. . 
Churrh Missionarv Siu-i."- 

; ■ ■: , !. . ■ . 



Baptist Missionary St ,, 

Methodist New Connection... 

Sent.-tl r,,.l...| Presbyterian.. 

Scoteh liiM.- Society 

Society fur Propagation of the 

Methodist Free' Church! 

Irlsti I'resliyteriaiis 



a Missionary Society . 



Totals of British S..-|eties 



10*; 291, T.OW 






l:lit'[n-li Mi-.-. v s-i.-m ts 

B-rltn Woman's China Society 
Berlin Ml-s lunary Soelety ..... 
Gen. Evangelical Protestant 

Mls-u iry Assoclatlo- 

Swedlsh Mission 

igregatlonal Church of Bwe- 

i;,-riiN!u i iiina Alliance!!!! 

Norwegian Lutheran 

I tan I mi Missionary Society 



Totals uf Continental Sor's. 



intrusion of Christian Knowl-I 
International In-iimtc . 



■I Totals of al!S.i.-i.-iics 



Si IT. MOB 

I 



TTfi 008 7.MT 



.J.Wl .1,071 IBMt 



Hou, many mtmben hat the HtlhodUt 
h.treh in China? In N,,veirilier, 1*19, there 

\JBt6 members, and 13.17* probatloocn, 



:, an in- 



Idols in China. 



175 



crease of 731 members and probationers during the 



Idolfl in Ohina. 

IN China one finds shops in all the cities, where 
idols are sold. These idols are made of wood, 
clay, earthenware, and sometimes of brass. If a 
poor man wants an idol, he can buy one for 10 cents, 
while those in the temples sometimes cost as much as 
#50. Usually, however, they cost less than $2. 

There are more idols found in the homes of the 
people than in the temples. They stand in a box or 
shrine with open front, and before them is a large 
earthen bowl full of the remains of the incense sticks 
which have been burned before them. 

When idols are badly soiled they have to be 
washed, and this becomes a regular business. The 
idol-washer goes about with utensils all ready and 
will cleanse the family gods for a small price. 

Other men repair these images when they lose 
arms, legs, or any feature. They mend them, cover 
them with fresh coatings of clay, and paint them 
so they look almost like new. 

A missionary asked one of these " idol menders " 
if he believed the idols had power to help or harm 
him. The man replied, "I half believe and half 
doubt.'*— King's Messenger. 



Ianoy*i Missionary Fenny. 

A MISSIONARY RECITATION FOR SIX GIRLS. 

First Girl (holding up a penny) : 

■* To those who hear not any 

Good news, 1 ' said Nancy, " I would send ; 

To help the heathen I will spend, 
For Jesus' sake, my penny. 

" That God their Father gave them 

His only 8on, they do not know, 

Or how they may to heaven go, 
Because he died to save them. 

" And so I must befriend them. 
First, with my penny I will trade 
Then with the money I have made 

The Gospel help to send them." 

All the Girls : 

Now let our tale be heeded. 

Fifty cents Nancy meant to earn ; 

Attend to us, and you shall learn 
How she in this succeeded. 

8BCOWD Girl (holding up a penny doll dressed) : 

She purchased a doll with a wooden head, 

No hair, but a coating of tar instead ; 

A smudge for its nose (points), and its arms and 

legs 
Are nothing but movable wooden pegs ! (Ihinta.) 

Her mother provided some colored stun*, 
And ribbon and calico, just enough. 
Then quickly did Nancy her needle thread. 
And fashioned a hood for the ugly head. (Ihints.) 

A frock and a sash for the doll she made ; 
Its value Is double in these arrayed. 
8be sold it for two cents, and many thought 
The dear little dolly was cheaply bought. 



Third Girl (holding up a pair of woolen mittens) : 

See, these are the mittens that Nancy made, 
Of wool that she bought with the two cents paid ; 
And as they were warm and the weather cold, 
The mittens for eight cents at once she sold. 

Fourth Girl (holding up a pair of knitted baby's shoes): 

She spent it on wool ; the result, behold. 
These shoes for a gentleman six weeks old 1 
Which, being so pretty, and warm, and neat, 
Were bought by a friend for her baby's feet, 
For twelve cents the pair; and the friend declared 
No knitting with Nancy's may be compared. 

Fifth Girl (holding up a woolen scarf) : 

Encouraged by this, to the shop she went, 
The twelve cents on wool for a scarf she spent, 
Returned to her work with a hearty will, 
And knitted a scarf for her cousin Bill. 
8he finished and sold it to him that day ; 
The bill was a quarter for Bill to pay. 

Sixth Girl (holding up a rake) : 

And next, for a change, she resolved to cook, 
And so, tn exchange for the quarter, took 
The groceries needed, and mixed with zeal 
The currants, and butter, and flour, and peel ; 
And soon of these dainties contrived to make, 
And sold for two quarters a good plum cake. 

All the Girls (pointing to the penny) : 

Now, look at Nancy's penny ! 

It's only one, and she is one ; 

But wonders can by one be done, 
And help be brought to many. 

And we should send to others 
The Gospel we can hear and read, 
And bear in mind that those in need 

Our sisters are, and brothers. 

How shall the Gospel reach them ? 

O let us work and let us pray, 

And money give to help to pay 
For men to go and teach them. 

The ways to help are many ; 
And even little children can 
Some money raise by Nancy's plan 

Of trading with a penny. 

— Children's Corner, 



What They Do in Ohina, 

Dear mamma, I've been to the Mission Band, and 

what do yo think I have heard ? 
Such a queer, queer people, in such a queer land ! 

I'm sure you'll agree 'tis absurd. 
Why, mamma, they say, " How old are you? ff when 

they mean ** How do you do ? " 
And they whiten their shoes with the greatest care. 
And men wear down their backs long braids of hair. 
Their visiting cards are all painted red, 
And are four feet long, our teacher said. 
Their dresses for mourning are all in white ; 
At funerals they feast to their heart's delight. 
They shake their own hands when a friend they 

meet, 
And bugs and snails are the things they eat. 
Their houses they build from the roof to the ground, 
And turn their screws the wrong way round. 
They shave their eyebrows to aid their sight, 
And have their fireworks in broad daylight. 
Their compass needle points south, they say, 
And the boys look on while the old men play : 
But of Christ, our Lord, they have never heard, 
And, mamma, I want to send them word. 

— Life and Light. 



A Ghmett Tradition. 



A Ohineae Tradition. 

* ' miTOV shalt honor thy father and thy mother, 
X that thy days may be lung upon the earth," 
Is illustrated in the following Chinese tradition : 

" Once upon a time, In a tillage in South China, 
lived a lad, Siau-Sin byname, of a very poor family. 
The father— Ah Lai— and his son were chair bearers 
—the most menial of occupations. One day, as they 
were bearing a ohalr through a mountain road, sud- 
denly a tiger rushed out of the woods, sciied the 
fiuhcr by the leg, and was dragging him off when 
Slau-91n T seeing lids, ran to his father's assistance, 
whanapon Oh tiger dropped thafntbn, BBlMdthe 
son and scampered away wltli him. 

" Soon coming to a stream across which the tiger 
leaped, Siau-Sin fell Into the river, which was deep 
Hud Ihe i urrent swift -flowing. On both aides were 
steep banks. The tiger could not get down to re- 
claim his victim, so passed on his way. Slnu-SIn, 
falling to the bottom, was killed, but knew not that 
he was dead. He knew only that the place in which 
he found himself was strangely unfamiliar, and that 
he hail never been there before. Not one of the peo- 
ple whom lie met, In what seemed a market place, 
had he ever seen. Presently, he saw high city walls, 
and from within emanated noisome exhalations that 
filled the air. Where was he ? Ho hail no idea- As 
he drew near the city he met several beings with the 
head of an ox, the face of a horse, and the body of 
a man— all of Ibcro very dreadful in appearance— 
and these glared upon hlui with fiery eyes. 

"Suddenly Siau-Sin exclaimed: ' In Hades, I have 
heard, are creatures «-itb oxen's heads and horses' 
faces. Can It be that I am dead • ' Thus terrified 
and affrighted, nil at onco he saw coming toward 
him a certain man of his owu clan who had been 
dead several years. As he drew nearer he saw that 
.■i-rtainh this was the man. Upon sight of Siau-Sin 
(he uiau started back with the exclamation, ' Little 
brother, why have yon come lothlsplaee ?' Then the 
boy told him the whole story of the tiger. 

"When he ended his relative said, -Little brother, 
vipii M dead, and this place is Hade-.' I' poll hear- 
ing tills, Shui-Siti remembered his old father, wilh no 
one lo care for him, and with au outburst of tears 
besought his brother clansman to think of some dc- 
,, unuld be- restored to life. Ills rela- 
tive replied, ' 1 certainly know of no device, but i 
have a neighbor— Teacher Kueh —who Is In the em- 
ploy of the king of the infernal regions. Let us go 
and Implore his help.' Forthwith on this errand 
i 1m' city, the streets of which were very 
dark and greatly different from (he world of living 

"Presently tbey met Teacher Kneh in his long 
robe and official hat. To him they presented tlielr 
petition, to which Teacher Kueh (pronounced Ku -a) 
made reply. ' How can anyone who enters here rc- 
ri ! Hut because of your Ollal heart, which Is 
greatly to be praised, I must strain every nerve to 
help you.' He then led them Into Ihe presence of 
(he king, tip whom Siuu-Slu related the events that 



had brought him t < 



place, and added, 
father has no one to care for him and will certainly 
starve lo death.' Soearnest and beseeching were his 
words that the king, hearing them, was greatly 
pleased, and replied, ' Filial piety is most praise- 
worthy.' He then ordered the records to be brought, 
and having searched them, he called Sluu-SIn to him 
and thus addressed him : 

" ' You should still have of life three more Tears. 
But because in a former existence you were a thief 
and a murderer you were doomed In this last exist- 
ence to poverty and misery, and through being seized 
by a tiger to meet with your death. Bnt lo consid- 
eration of your great dutifulness, I will now cause 
you to return to llle. and I will add to your existence 
thirty-six years. With a thousand dollars and many 
fields will I reward your true heart.' 

" The king then ordered two constables to ac- 
company Siau-Sin back lo the world. They walked 
a certain distance, when they came to a wide river, 
where the water was deep and the current swift. 
There was do boat, only a small bridge, composed 
but one narrow plank. The constables urged Slau- 
to step on the bridge, tint be fearfully drew back. 
guides then took him by the hand and led 
across. When they came- lo the middle of 
bridge his foot slipped and he fell. With great 
he awoke, and saw himself lying with his Imdy 
dcr the Water, but luckily his head rested 

bank. Raising himself, he saw by the 

It was past midnight. Gradually creeping out, he 
sought the road, and came lo the place where he had 
met the tiger. He sought, but found not his old 
father. Quickly ho sped to his home, knocked 
the door, and called, ' Father, father ! ' The old 
grasped his staff, opened the door, and 
son, cried out with fear; 

" ' You were eaten by the tiger. How Is It tl 
you have come back! Surely It must be a spl 
If you are a spirit, do not come and terrify me, 
leave me t n peace I ' 

"S)na-6ln then related bow he had come back 
life, and asked how his father had found his Way 
home. 

' ' The father replied, ' My fool was so badly bitten 
lhat I could not walk, but fortunately a neighbor, 
who had come (o cut wood, helped mr home.' 

"Three months later, walking one day along the 
road, Siau-Sin saw a hole containing an earthen jar 
with a cover on it. Upon opening tl 
it full of gold. With this money he 
uess, and ere many years had passed Siau-Sin w 

i iti'd by hij nciirhtiors a rich man. He had del 

without number, he had built himself a beat 
house, had married a wife, and hud founded a 
ily." 

Moral.— If you are a filial child, even fron 
mouth of the tiger you may escape and come 
to life. From this we learn, under heaven (he m 
Importaut thing is filial piety. No t 
(bis. Now we wish that all men nnder heaven w 
exert themselves to be filial. In the end it wtU b 
well with them and they will have no a 
.Ifouen^rr. 



wift. 
the 

fear 
..li- 
the 




(177) 



TIDINGS FROM MISSION FIELDS. 



Jotting! from a Presiding Elder's Life in China, 

BT REV. X. C. WILCOX, PH.D., 

Presiding Elder Foochow District. 

FLIDAY, December 22, in company with my wife 
and Miss Phoebe A. Parkinson, one of the recent 
valued accessions to our Woman's Foreign Mission- 
ary 8ociety force in the field, I went a couple of miles 
from Foochow to In-dak, a small village in which I 
have Just rented premises that will serve admirably 
for a chapel and a parsonage. 

The occasion of our visit was a feast which an- 
swered as a sort of dedication of the building to its 
new uses and as a preliminary Christmas entertain- 
ment. The event took place thus early because we 
had other engagements on the real Christmas Day 
and yet desired to be present at this feast, which was 
a delightful occasion to all concerned. 

After we had done ample justice to the good 
things spread before us— or rather contained in a 
common dish which was placed in the middle of the 
table and changed at frequent intervals for some- 
thing else— we repaired to the tlatuj-d<mg y open court 
(which is a usual feature of Chinese houses), and for 
half an hour addressed the crowd that had gathered 
partly out of cariosity and partly, no doubt, to hear 
about Jesus, whose birthday we were about to cele- 
brate. 

The greatest day with the Chinese in general is 
their New Tear's, the next of which falls on January 
31, 1900, 1 will write about that later. With mul- 
titudes in this land Christmas is comiug to occupy 
the chief place, as it does with the millions of Eu- 
rope and America. 

The first Christmas I saw in China— in 1882— was a 
comparatively small affair. But since then the light 
of the glorious Gospel has been constantly spreading, 
until at the present time about one hundred thou- 
sand men and women, boys and girls, in this empire 
have accepted Jesus as their personal Saviour and 
cast their idols to the moles and bats. 

Not only so, other thousands and possibly millions 
have learned something of Christianity and have 
heard about Qicn-Jio-dang, or Christmas ( Gien-Jto 
meaning Saviour, and dang, the birthday of a god). 
For it shall be remembered that every god in China 
has its dang, which is usually celebrated by burning 
Incense before it, and sometimes by more elaborate 
ceremonies. 

Ages ago the present gods and goddesses of China 
were men and women — good, bad, or indifferent— 
who are supposed to have performed remarkable ex- 
ploits or deeds of merit, and were therefore deified 
by later generations very much as saints are canon- 
ised and made objects of homage, if not of worship, 
by the idolatrous Church of Rome. To honor and 
perpetuate the memory of such rare beings idols of 
various sixes, colors, and peculiarities have been 
made. Hence in China every temple— as well as 
moat ancestral halls, homes, and even the roadsides 
—is peopled with gods of wood, stone, and other 
materials. 
3 



But to return to the entertainment at In-dak. It 
was a great pleasure to talk to that eager and re- 
spectful crowd on John 3. 16, " God so loved the 
world," etc. What a text for Christmas ! It is the 
entire Gospel in epitome. Other addresses were also 
given and then we scattered to our homes. 

Next day I went about fifteen miles to Iek-iong- 
(" Leafy Grove "), to hold a Quarterly Meeting. On 
my way I took dinner with the family of Rev. L. P. 
Peet, president of Foochow College, which is under 
the auspices of the American Board Mission. In the 
afternoon the first two or three miles of my way 
were within the city walls. As I traversed those 
crowded streets and looked into the faces of those 
unsaved multitudes the cry of my heart was, " Who 
is sufficient for these things ! " 

At the foot of the mountain near the top of which 
Ick-iong is situated I dismissed my sedan and began 
the hard five-mile climb. We should have reached 
our destination by dark but for the fact that my 
burden bearer sprained his ankle soon after we com* 
meneed our ascent. The lame man proceeded so 
slowly that my traveling cook and I had to go on 
ahead and find some one to come back and carry his 
load. Slowly we clambered along amid the dense 
fog and the Increasing darkness, and after more than 
two hours reached a point from which it seemed 
impossible to proceed another step without danger 
to life and limb. 

My cook, who was somewhat familiar with the 
road, said he thought wo must be quite near the vil- 
lage. So he and I began shouting with all our might, 
but as the Chinese generally shut up their houses at 
dark, it seemed as if our cries would be useless. Fi- 
nally, however, our persistence was rewarded by an 
answering voice out of the darkness, and soon wo 
were gladdened by an approaching light. 

When we reached the chapel it was half past eight. 
Though exceedingly tired, I hastily ate a few mouth- 
fuls and then held the Quarterly Conference, having 
my supper two hours later, after my load of provi- 
sions had arrived. 

The love feast, which introduced the Quarterly 
Meeting services next day, was very enjoyable. Most 
of the testimonies were evidently from the heart and 
implied an advanced state of religious exi>erience* 
I then had the pleasure of preaching on John 21. 17, 
" Peter was grieved because he said unto him tho 
third time, Lovest thou me? and he said unto him, 
Lord, thou knowest all things ; thou knowest that I 
love thee." Afterward a man aged seventy-six was 
received into full membership. The celebration of 
the Lord's Supper, which followed, will not soon be 
forgotten. 

Iek-iong is the scene of some of the earliest tri- 
umphs of our Foochow Mission. It was also the 
birthplace of Rev. Sia Sek Ong, D.D., one of the 
grandest trophies of world-wide Christianity. This 
man was converted when a haughty Confucianist, 
and, like all such, disdained whatever is foreign and 
especially everything pertaining to the meek and 
lowly Jesus of Nazareth. 



ITS 



Dedication (if Mmion Bwildingt at Madras. 






During the remainder Of Ilia lite this able minister 
ot the Sew Testament did valuable service as pastor, 
presiding elder, professor of theology, etc. He also 
represented na in the General Conference of 1888, and 
his son, Rev. Sla Tieng Aug, a loeal preacher, will 
represent us at Chicago next May. If the time had 
come for our Church lu China to have a bishop from 
among her own ministers, no one could have QUed 
that office with such general acceptance he Dr. Sla. 

As is well known, this great and good man was 
taken from us about three years ago while he was 
atlll comparatively young. All that was mortal of 
him has found a resting place amid the beautiful 
scenery of the village of " Leafy Grove." 

On Sunday afternoon I climbed down the moun- 
tain side in nearly an opposite direction from which 
we ascended and walked live miles to Ngu-kang, 
where I preached iu the evening from Phil. 2. 12, 13, 
" Work out your own salvation with fear and trem- 
bling: for it is God which worketh in yon both to 
will and to do of his good pleasure." 

Ngu-kang is also noted In the early history of this 
Mission. It was here that Sia Sek Ong was converted 
and began hts career asaChriatiau worker. Not tar 
from our chapel is a well which was dug many years 
ago under the direction of the late Kev. Dr. Sites, 
when Hint devoted missionary Ltnd hts family lived 
at Ngu-kang, the first out-station of the Foochow 
Mission. The native Christians spoke proudly of 
" the Sites Well," and I doubt not that name will en- 
dure for ages to come. 

Monday morning (Christmas) I walked several 
miles to a village on the Min River and took a small 
boat to Foochow. Soon after starting from Ngu- 
kang I passed a sort of straw hut on the edge of a 
vegetable garden. Such huts are the lodging places 
of watchers for thieves, and are considered Indispen- 
sable in gardens, orchards, sugar-cane fields, out-of- 
door wood piles, etc. So much for the honesty ot 
the heathen which wo have heard highly extolled In 
Christian lands. The notions which prevail in some 
quarters on this subject are, In fact, about as nebu- 
lous as the average heathen conception of ineum ft 

As I proceeded toward the river I fell in with a 
long line of wood carriers, each of whom bore on bis 
shoulder fn >m one hundred to one hundred and fifty 
pounds of firewood suspended in nearly equal parts 
from the two ends of a bamboo " coolie stick." I 
kept np with the procession for about a mile, when, 
though a fast walker, 1 was obliged to drop behind. 
One of the carriers was a beautiful girl, who, I was 
told, was only sixteen. Her load was nearly as heavy 
as the heaviest, and yet aba bravely kept her place in 
the rapidly moving procession. 

Later, while we were gliding down " the beautiful 
Mio," one of the boatmen picked Dp a " SfcbbMl) 
sheet," or calendar— a ipeoiM of Iruct widely circu- 
lated among the Chinese about New Year's time. 
Among other things the calendar in question con- 
tained the picture of a locomotive drawing a train 
of cars, near which was standing a humble-looking 
with its bearers. Under the picture were cluir- 
lalgnifying '• the New and thculil." 



The boatman examined the picture for some time, 
and then turning to me, exclaimed, " Teacher, if 
such Western inventions are introduced into China, 
we laboring people— boat people, chair bearers, bar- 
den bearers, etc., will surely ail starve to death. 
There Is no alternative." 

I sought to reassure the boatman by explaining 
the compensation features of the industrial changes 
that would result from the introduction of railways 
and labor-saving machinery. But my bearer, a 
bright, intelligent man, refused to be convinced, and 
reaffirmed his doleful prognostications. 

Some year or so ago, In another part of this prov- 
ince, I had a similar conversation with a man who 
dreaded the calamities which, in his opinion, 
would follow the establishment of steam communi- 
cation between Foochow and Hlnghuu. Such mur- 
muring? arc heard with increasing frequency, and 
seem to Indicate that certain proposed Industrial 
changes Will possibly be attended by uprisings 
frightful to contemplate. 

1 reached home just in time to be present at the 
Christmas exercises, in which thechlldren of our Mis- 
sion joyfully participated. An evergreen 
fruit that gladdened the hearts of young and 
Similar Christmas entertainments were held in 
of the native churches and chapels. 

Foochow, December 30, 1899. 



bora 



Dedication of Mission Buildings at K&dnu, 

BISHOP THOBCRN writes from Madras, Decem- 
ber 30, 18W9, to the Indian Witncn, the following 
accouut of the new buildings erected for the work of 
the Woman's Foreign Missionary Society at Madras, 
" the ceremonies connected with their dedication : 
Instead of erecting one large building, the good 
ladles, taking advantage of the effective support 
given them from the homeland, asked mo to form- 
«t apart no less than sis buildings, all of which 
erected in a semicircle ou one side of the targe 
and beautiful grounds which they have secured for 
the purpose. 

"First iif aU.on entering the grounds a small build- 
ing, called ' Dethesda,' has been set apart as a place 
In Which in reoatve the becgar, the leper, the out- 
cast, and the representatives of India's great multi- 
tude of helpless people, in this building they are 
to be met by some one who may be able to apeak 
kind words and, if possible, render such assistance 
as may be necessary. 

"' Next stands a building bearing the name of the 
'Baltimore Memorial,' having been erected with 
funds sent by the Baltimore Branch of the Society. 
This tasteful structure contains the office of (he lady 
superintendent, with other small rooms set apart 
for business purposes in the upper story, and a suite* 
of rooms for workers on the ground floor. 

" The Deaconess Home proper is the third building, 
which; like the preceding building, owe- 
to the support of the Baltimore Branch. 

" Fourth in order Is a pretty little building called 
the ' Nlcodeinns Home,' a memorial of Ihc North- 
western Branch. The name was suggested by ; 



Mission Notei from Heounderabad. 



IT" 



boonagum, a gifted lady, whose conversion attracted 
wide attention a Few years ago. The bnlldiiig is set 
•part (or tha reception of inquirers of the more re- 
spectable clues, and especially for those who have 
not yet relinquished the rules Of \.\\t j-tnla syste 

■■The fifth building is the orphanage proper, a large 
and unusually fine-iooking structure. It bears the 
honored name of the Harriet Bond Skldmore Me- 
morial, and in its architecture la the finest looking 
orphanage building which I have yet seen. 

"Sixth in order comes the nursery, a tasteful little 
building set apart for children who when received 
are too young to be left among those of older age. 

"la a space set apart on the outside stand four 
snug little brick cottages, which form the Brst In- 
stallment of what la to be called 'The Colony.' 
Room has been left for twelve other similar build- 
ings, the whole being intended to accommodate the 
families of those employed within, or workers 
among the villages, or perhaps in some cases for 
Christians in whom a special interest is felt. 

"The whole group of buildings present the appear- 
ance of a small addition to the city, and I was not 
surprised to learn that they have attracted no little 

•' A very large number of friends assembled In the 
evening to participate in the service of dedication. 
This service was of an extremely simple character. 
Alter singing a hymn near the entrance of the 
grounds a very large procession was formed and 
moved slowly down, passing in front of the build- 
lugs and pausing at each one while a brief 'prayer of 
dedication was offered. At the close of this cere- 
mony a large aUdlaBoe assembled In the very capa- 
cious upper story of the orphanage building, where 
rarioim services were performed, dosing with the 
unveiling of a line portrait of Mrs, Skidmore and an 
address by the missionary in charge of the meeting. 
'■ The plan of these buildings Is, so far as I am 
aware, entirely new, and hi several respects struck 
me as superior to anything of the kind I had yet 
seen In India. In other places I have seen larger 
tiuildings, and perhaps some so well designed that 
it miiilil have been difficult to improve them ; but 
the man nor in which these Imildlugs had been 
grouped together, the character of the work, the 
uniformity and yet variety Iu the several structures, 
all impressed me very favorably. 

" The situation of the premises is especially note- 

a the rear the buildings enumerated 

'eabnt on the compound of the Dnvelon i '"liege. 

e opposite side a low iwmlfii hedge is the only 

ction which separates between the new prem- 

d the Wesleyan Mission house. On the third 

side a quiet street Is the only separation between the 

Church Mission house and the new buildings, while 

in a fourth direction within easy rifle shot stands 

e of the buildings of the London Mission. 

o other place have I ever seen the workers of 
n many missionary societies building their homes 
le together as to make them near neighbors, 
v la a practical exhibition of missionary comity 
is to me to be at once a reply to those 
o complain that missionaries cannot live and woik 



together In amity, and a suggestion that we have 
reached a period aud an exhibition of Christian love 
and neighborly kindness which is worthy of Imita- 
tion In all mission fields. 

" Miss Stephens and her faithful and capable sister, 
Mrs. Jones, deserve abundant credit not only for 
the manner In which they have planned and carried 
to a successful execution this Que enterprise, but 
still more for the missionary work which they have 
performed in years gone by, and without which this 
material consummation of their labors would have 
been impossible. With the new facilities which arc 
thus afforded them it may confidently bo expected 
l hut they will achieve even greater results tn coming 

" The orphanage will no doubt expand Into a well- 
organized school, andthls again be developed into a 
high school, aud very possibly before a great many 
years bave passed by the outline of the future 
woman's college will be traced by those who have 
falthin workers who serve and trust Him with whom 
all things are possible." 



Miss 



1 Note* from Secunderabad. 



I JOINED the South India Annual Conference on 
December, 1889. Trior to that I was for six 
years agent In India of the Anglo-Indian Evangeli- 
zation Society, the oh jeet of which is to provide a 
ministry for the scattered European and Eurasian 
populationsof India. I have been, for the most part, 
engaged in work among the English-speaking people, 
and now have pastoral charge of the Secunderabad 
English Church as well as the Vernacular Mission. 

My vernacular U Hindustani. I devote the morn- 
ings to the vernacular work. It is evangelistic in 
character. We have about twenty villages within 
easy reach of Secunderabad, which we visit three 
times a week, and preach, slug, distribute tracts, and 
sell Scriptures. 

1 bave two native helpers: oue a Hindustani 
brother from our Theological Seminary at Bareilly ; 
the other a Telugu man, so that we are able to ad- 
dress the people in the two languages that they 
speak about here. 

I bare charge also of the district between Secun- 
derabad and Llngumpalll working out in the direc- 
tion of the Vikarabad field. Wo have some inquir- 
ers, but up to the present no converts. The field is 
new and the work is ouly one year old. With more 
leisure to go to the outlying rlllugcs more would be 
accomplished, but the necessity for my presence tor 
English work In Secunderabad prevents frequent 
visits. 

Twenty years ago this part of India was Inaccessi- 
ble to the Gospel. The government is Mohammedan 
and the opposition to Christianity has been strum:, 
but the power of Christ's Gospel has made Itself felt 
and there are open doors on every hand. Many ap- 
peals are made for -etiools, mid the message of salva- 
tion is listened to with the greatest attention. 

Woman's work is carried on, nud a score of Mo- 
hammedan and nindu homes are open to the wife 



180 



Itinerating m Korea. 



of tha missionary and her female assistants. The 
lonely occupants of these zenanas gladly welcome 
tlit- visits of their lady missionary friends. They 
listen to their hymns, the reading ol Scripture 
alori..^, iiinl Their testimony, and often Weep. 

One old Mohammedan woman listened attentively 
to a sweat " li nazal, '* the words of which are " I't/t 
awnqjfr,Jt«rbyurfa£ lokmhd lubkt iiIjUn hat," uliieli 
translated reads, " Arise, pilgrim, get ready. There 
la not much time for you : " and the said as she wept, 
''lam getting old, I shall soon die, and then what 
will become of me ? " They told her of the Saviour's 
love, and his way of salvation, and prayed that the 
Spirit ol God might take hams the message. 



Itinerating in Korea. 



1HAD planned to leave fymg Ymiy at noon on 
Monday, October 2, l *'.*'. with two noatae. and 
my hospital helper, Klin thai Soni, and " boy," which 
individual is generally a man from twenty to forty 
years of age, and is an indispensable article in Korea 
whether at homo or in traveling. He is a jack-of-all 
work, and master of ail in his own eyes. I bad 
agreed with the •' mapon," or pony driver, upon the 
price the day befvirehain.l. namely, 100 cash each 
ten 11, or 10 cents every OWN miles; but, as is usual 
in Eastern land*, hi the moment of starting our 
"mapon" struck for higher wages. No amount of 
persuasion could induce thctn to go for the price 
agreed upon and they left the house. There was no 
help for It. 1 was obliged to recall them and agreed 
finally to give each '• mapon " *5 cente a day, and so 

The country looked beautiful, and everywhere one 
could see fruits of an abundant harvest being gath- 
ered in, reminding me of the Master's Words, "Lift 
up your eyes, and look on the fields; for they 
white already to harvest." I thought these words 
uii^ht well be applied to Korea spiritually as well 
materially. After traveling seventeen miles in Ave 
and a quarter hours we halted for the night at ]h„n 
T<i'"/ Li. There wo found a hospitable innkeeper, 
who gave nielhe " au pang," or inner room. 

Horses were unloaded and boxes unpacked, and 
my boy commenced to prepare supper. He called 
for charcoal In order to kindle a fire to boil some 
water. "O I there is none," came the reply 
" None ! " I exclaimed, " No, not a bit anywhere,' 1 
•' This la a strange village," Mid L All the on-look. 
ers chiin.-d in, " There is none." All was then still, 
and the innkeeper disappeared, but soon returned 
with all the charcoal needed. This Is (he Korean of 
It. They are like the man of whom our Lord speaks 
who said he wouldn't go, but afterward repented 
and went. I made a good supper of corned beef, 
bread and butter, tea and cake, and afterward 
turned in for the night, 

I slept fairly well in a dirty room, but then 
must get used to such things traveling In Koi 
The inns are alt alike, some dirty and come very 

■ My the latter condition ; as 1 slept on 
Camp cot I was not troubled with live stock, though 



many in variety and quantity, a 
to Chal Soni's experience, who told me he didn't 
obtain rest until two o'clock , but the barking of dogs 
and stamping of ponies In the yard outride 
awakened me several times. 

We made fourteen miles In four hours and ar- 
rived at Chyoung San at nooli, where we were- 
greeted by our old friend and innkeeper, Mr. Kiln, 
Who always makes us welcome whenever ■ ■ 

In the evening Kim Chang Sikey preached trom 

John 10. 1-1 1 to it little ipiuiy of our Christians. 

Otic work here is not very satisfactory on account of 
the lack of attention that should be given it. During 
the night neither dogs nor horses disturbed my slum- 
ber, but something far worse in the shape of bedbugs. 
After insect powder had been very plentifully sprin- 
kled on my bedding and night apparel I was able to. 
Obtain net, with waking Intervals through crying 
babies In the room adjoining, but I was used to that 
Kind of thing. 

After breakfast we left for Pi Sak Kol, nine miles 
distant. It was a glorious day, and our way lay 
through an immense fertile valley with mountain 
peaks stretching away on either side for miles. 
Everywhere one could see enormous quantities of 
rice, buckwheat, and beans, giving you soon 
what might be accomplished with proper cultivation 
and fertilizing, and it official corruption and plun- 
dering did not till the whole laud and discourage 
those who otherwise would try to make money by 
their saving and industry' ; but the official corrup- 
tion and systematic robbing give the people no en- 
couragement to save any money. 

We ascended one mountain, and the view from the 
top was magnificent. In front and behind and an 
either side of us stretched the valley for many miles. 
We journeyed on to Pi &tk AW, arriving at 1 P. m. 
This little village has a population of about one hun- 
dred. We found a very dirty Inn. where we put up and 
then had lunch. I was the center of attraction for 
some time by the men and boys, but they soon with- 
drew after making up their minds Ihnt I wasn't su.'h. 
a strange Individual after all. 

Many needed medical treatment I was unable to 
give without they came to the hospital. Our work 
here is very hopeful. When I last visited the plactr 
with Mr. Noble five months ago we had two proba- 
tioners and two or three attendants. To ray glad 
surprise at evening service, held in an old man's 
house In a room 8 x 13, five feet high, we had four 
probationers and an attendance of twelve. Chal 
Soni prayed, and preached from John i. 14, and I ex- 
horted and wished for the knowledge of Korean 
Chai Sonl had. At the close of service three gave la 
their names as probationers who had been attend- 
ini: i mini 1 1 If 

We left here In the morning for Tai Pi/nig Li, but 
on our arrival found that our two probationers hav- 
ing heard I was coming to Sim Won, and not thinking- 
1 int. '0 led visiting their little village, had left that 
morning for San Won In order to meet me, and es- 
pecially so because the son had epileptic fits, nod tho 
father thought I could help him. We t 



Itrm rating in Korea, 



had luncheon, and then pushed cm 
i in ibe »bj' we aacended another mountain itnhaa 

■ '.!:il . 1 III II-. summit is nil lllil Jul i! 

■ 'i room aboni (out teat square. 

Thoogb I wins not a worshiper, I entered. Beveral 
n'ltmtn traveling 

. .■ on i". "), in obalr, or on Boot hung 

"U the wall*, ami on Un il""r were small pieces 

... cloth, eie,, offurings to his satanic 

- tald, in brtng in 

■ i .-l>iy Ir.ivi'T.- VlIiip p&H by wbo fail 

■ "(ferities to him. Recognising him In- 

i good fortune. These lilt ie 

■ ■ i nil over the country anil 

■ tie supers! it ion of the people. 

i on the summit of the 

■t expanse of fertile valley, 
anil beyond was the s™. 

-■:„• Won ul 5:30 and found a hospl- 

■ ii the lion** df out helper, Kim, wbo 
ii traveling with me. The city has a maeistrBcj 

with a population ..if about twelve hundred. It lays In 

g YurieandCliiu- 

ivim wa> stmt there a year ago from 

I ana; church lie is Jum the man for (be 

■ ■■■. ;- rery prosperous. 

■ ' aU lila early history, lie 
■ 
in K'.'fM Mi— Inn, Inn ri[>w i 

lien an ignorant 

and oared lens (or 

the road, side ly 

■ -.. 1'iiv. Tsiimandsnb- 

lleis n..w toftjr-tbrra ■ 

■ ■ 

ted that do 
, eept absolutely neces- 
•Wy, Rod fthc made Klin attend ■ 

U him in tli' 1 Oospel, and at every op- 
him [or Jesus Christ, line 
IbllugtT preached to him (rum Matthew 
and tii'ir: ha accepted .i.-sus as his 
■ mitbfnl I" In- 
.in, insult, and even faced 

■nversion he Winn- liltle, If any, Chi - 
nicnced to study, until to 
a very proficient scholar in Chinese. The 

■■'.!■ her," and a deal . g ! 

i lie has proved himself to be. When Dr. 
Tang si* years ago bo asked Kim 
ad so he eanie, and during 
mill Insultaud 
waa true to the truth committed to bis 
i I'n ul, hi was beaten, stoned, and Im- 

■ ■ laoft, was brought before judges anii 

.ii all these things was more than 
rough IMm who loved liim and gave 

■ ■ In-. 1, in IttM, Kim was left in charge 

- and in this was faithful 

When I.. wo had but 

n probat toners. To-day we have -t± Preaching 



The Tiinniliik- after DM urriinl nt Sm H"-«. Kim 
and I started to visit .l/.ni, three miles away. On 

'■'.. iii'-ti t me In Chi 

Son! spoke from Man. B. 1-1.!, and I followed, and 
with prayer and WOfdj ot • 

. ,: i.i Sam Won, 

■Bd in the <_■ v «. ■ i j 1 1 j tr 1 bold a service In our church 
and spoke from Mart. 5. 14-10. Afterward several 
bought medicine and books. 




Thus village is o 

together 'Hi'- i" oph 
hard from tntVoing unl 



mominew? left for Tba* /'■ 
miles distant. Tin.- people having hm; 
preacher, Kim, thai ■ fbrolgn preacher visit them, I 
was clad to have this opportunity. As Kim said, 
"They have a very wishing to see heart." As wo 
entered the rillaire we were met by Mr. Kim, one 
head men, who made u- We C i 

Of a gTOQp of many I'll .si: 
>.■ industrious and work 
late at night, the women 
and children ehao helping in ■atbertng the ripened 
grain. We hett i servioe m Hr. Kim's home, Cbal 
Sonl preaching and Chang Sikey praying. The 
people were attentive and anxious to hear the 

Mr. Kim, our hurt, has " a very believing heart." 

.\ f i ' r i >.>■- to — i uj Won Sunday mornings to 

beai i na peetorpNaeh, twps the Sabbath, and 

gathers Willi other! in his home weekly for prayer 
and praise. The outlook here is bright and very en- 
couraging. Dinner was served to our cuLtipauy ot 



four, consisting of the best new rice, fish, soap, and 
" lrtmcbl," a sort of pickle with a very saltytaste. 

My good friend had a chicken killed for my dinner, 
nod refused to take anything in payment for it, or 
1 amnions' repast, saying if he did so 
all bovn mrald bo w*j nneaaj and m departed unJd 
all good wishes for our safe journey and revisit in the 
near fnture. Chang Sikey told me that Mr. Kim and 
his wife, who were converted fourteen months ago, 
had hearts like unto Abraham and Bai ; ■ 
three men knocked at the door of their tent, invited 
them In and brought water to wash their feet, and pre- 
pared food and sent tbciuon their jouruey, not know- 
lug that they had entertained three angels— and that 
Mr. Kim and his wife felt it an honor to do even a 
little- for us. I shall never loi^W the welcome and 

kind hospitality that we received from our good 
friend and his wife, given without any pretense 

bottom of their hearts. I 
glad to be able to give some eczema ointment for 
Mr. Kim's granddaughter, and Wished 1 conld havm 

We journeyed on to Chinnampo, oar nest stop, 
thirl) -Eve li distant [twelve miles), and pot up at the 
Inn of my old friend Mr. I ton it , WOO atta well mu.il n> 
tlnJlj-, as he always: does, CMuampo Is now nu 
open port, and look* vastly different to what it did 
two years ago, when first opened to foreign trade. 
In place of a few straw lutta are many well-built 

.l.i;-.. ... ■.■ V. ;,,, h;n .■ 

coiue In and built quite a large settlement already. 
The roads and walks lire being greatly Improved ami 
new ones made. It is, and will be, an important 
comer. We have a good work started — probation- 
ers. -JO, and have a church to accommodate 50 — 
and at Ihc earliest possible moment an evangelist 
Bhotdd be stationed here. 

The morning following was the Sabbath, and very 
wet and muddy. Despite the unfavorable weather 
»l gathered for divine service. We W*re a lilrle 
company gathered together in the midst of a wicked 
city for prayer, and song and the reading of toil's 
word. In the afternoon Cluing Sikey intended jour- 
neying to Sam Won In order to preach to his own 
people, but it rained so hard that he wai prevented 
going. We gathered again for afternoon service, and 
I was pleased to see onr kind host of yesterday, Mr, 
Kira, present. He walked ten miles each wuy. 

There came also a wealthy Korean woman living 
lu Chlunampo, who joined our church two weeks 
previously as a probationer. The story of her con- 
version isintereilhii;. My hospital helper, Chai Soiii, 
has known her since he was a little boy. Four years 
ago she lived In Pyeng Yang ; while there Chai Son! 
gave her a Christian book, which reading greatly in- 
terested her. He and Chang Sikt-y constantly preached 
to her and told her about Jesus and his love, but she 
did not believe. Time passed by and the family 
moved away from Pyeng Yang to a small village 
twenty 11 from Sara Won. Chang Sikey, when on his 
trips, frequently saw Mrs. Yang and urged 
to believe lu Jesus. Still she wavered. Months 
by. but prayer was made daily for her. One 
■■■■].<■ into their home and stole a largo 




sum ol money, and becoming afraid, the fnjul 
moved to Chinnampo. Here she was Visited by our 
Pyeng Yang Bible women and Chang Slkey. Three 
months ago she gave her heart to God. The Holy 
Spirit had sown in her heart (he good seed of the 
word, and it had yielded an abundant harvest. Peace 
and joy came into her life, and she sent letters to all 
Btngthaai of her conversion and how 
happy she was. 

Before leaving Chinnampo we went to the home of 
Mrs, Yang to receive all her objects of devil worship 
that she had previously promised to give to my wife. 
Mr. Yang is, in the Korean sense of the term, rich. 
He owns land worth over two thousand Mexican dol- 
lars and lives in a large tiled house with many serv- 
ants. Upon our arrival ne were ushered into the "an 
pang," Everythiug had the appearance of cleanli- 
ness and comfort, tt was a pleasure to sit down on 
a nice, cleau floor and look upon clean walls and 
freslily panned, after living for a week in dirty way- 
side inns. 

an Incredably short space of time a enroptu- 
npaat bad been prepared tot my benefit, con- 
sisting of chicken, poached eggs, potatoes, cakes, and 
tea, and I thoroughly enjoyed the I. In 
■■ en me. 

We then repaired to the ■ itithouse where the 
things" were stored away. One by one the 
were taken down, eight of HiecQ tilled with drc 
various kinds, one each for the different " spit 
to wear. Some Were of silk, others of Que linen, 
-till others of coarser material. Mr. Yang laughed 
his wife us she took the boles from the shelf, 
though not a Christian, said the thing 

We parted from onr friends with the invitation 
come again soon, and rejoiced to know that In Ki 
there are some who are willing, though rich, 
throw aside every bit of devil worship and all 
super-! ilii >ii and worship the true fiod. 

Wc left Chinnampo for Pakocbl, eight miles 
tant. It is a very small village, and has but one 
very dirty ami uninviting, but we mad 
11 and prepared for supper. Our work Is very 
oouroging. Wo have twelve probationers and 
ready I" be. Our evening service was i 
the people filling the room and standing outside 
doors. A year ago, when Mr. Noble and I vl; 
here, we had two probatl oners and one or two 
tendants. 

I wit' flail when morning came. My 
not of the beat, I assure you, what will) the bat 
nl ilf iL-s, alsvai i a KWM ol antinyance, the 
iind stamping of the ponies, crowing of the 
and, worse than all, the various kinds of live 
that crawled over my body. I finally snbdned 
with my Insect powder, an article which 
without, and in the morning took up five 
victims, whose names 1 shall not [rouble yon 

We said farewell, not with regrets so far 
inn was concerned, and made our way to 
Jbri, ten miles away. The roads were mndi 
path narrow, and on lop of an embankment ten 
hlirli, with u strougwind ahead of in, making 




The Second District of the South America Conference. 



183 



travel anything but pleasant. I was glad to reach 
oar destination, where we had lunch. My host here 
brought me a nice repast of chicken soup and good 
rice, which 1 enjoyed, and amused my friends trying 
to eat with chopsticks. They all laughed heartily 
at me, but it is no easy task, I assure you, to hold 
these two straight pieces of wood between thumb 
and finger and then get a firm hold of a piece of 
meat. 

We left after luncheon for Kang Saw, seven miles 
away, arriving at sunset, and were here welcomed 
by our Bible woman, "Salome," who lives in 
"Wyoming" Chapel. After supper we held a 
service for the women, which they thoroughly en- 
joyed, and which encouraged all our hearts. Next 
morning we were up at daybreak, for our journey 
home, seventy li distant, at which place we arrived by 
3:30 p. x., having enjoyed my trip very much, but at 
the same time glad to see wife, home, and a pair of 
bright blue eyes who called out " Papa" as soon as 
she saw me, and tried her very best to tell me all 
about it. 



The Second District of the South America Confer- 
ence. 

BY REV. WM. TALLON, D.D. 

THE Second District comprises the whole of Ar- 
gentina, except the Federal capital, the province 
of Buenos Ayres, and the valley of the Uruguay. 
The year has been a bad one with us financially on 
account of the failure of the crops, which produced 
widespread misery and affected all clashes of people. 

In Rosario we have four congregations, the oldest 
being the English church, which is entirely self-sup- 
porting, and under its present pastor (Kev. J. F. 
Jenness) is having large congregations. The second 
church is Spanish, with a membership composed al- 
most entirely of poor people. Nearly forty new mem- 
bers have been received during the year. The pastor 
preaches five times a week, attends Sunday school, 
and holds an additional meeting once a week for the 
study of the Bible. This church greatly needs a 
new church building, and which shall be better 
located than the present old shed. If this was 
secured, the church would in a short time become 
self-supporting. The third church is German and 
worships in the same building as the Spunish, has a 
very prosperous Sunday school, but not a very large 
congregation. The fourth church is Dutch. It has 
a small membership, but is growing. 

In Parana an effort is being made to secure funds 
for the erection of a new church building. In Tula 
the church has a fine building plot and has laid the 
foundations for a new chapel. About four miles dis- 
tant. In a colony of the same name, there is a good 
chapel, and the church and Sunday school services 
are well attended. In Villa Mantero the corner 
stone of a new church was laid on August 16, 1899. 
We have in Canada de Gomez a fine property used 
ma a church, parsonage, and schoolhouse, and the 
work is in a very satisfactory condition and almost 
self-supporting. In 8an Carlos the population is 
stationary, and our congregation a regular one with- 



out much change. Here is located the Pestalozzl 
Institute. 

In Mendoza we have an English and a Spanish 
congregation both under the same pastor, and the 
work is in as satisfactory condition as we can expect, 
especially the English and the Sunday school part of 
it San Luis and Villa Mercedes are visited monthly 
by the pastor of the Mendoza church. In San Juan 
the working classes are continually emigrating, and 
this prevents our church growing. 

The Woman's Foreign Missionary Society has two 
schools in Rosario. One is free and has a large at- 
tendance. The other is a paying school and has 
been able to hold its ground notwithstanding the 
Roman church opened a girls 1 school near It, but it 
did not prove a success. 

The district covers a largo field, and there are 
many open doors which we cannot enter because of 
lack of means and men. People in Roman Catholic 
countries are not accustomed to support their church 
in a direct manner, but it is done through the govern- 
ment, and by means of the church fees which they 
are forced to pay when they require the services of 
the priests. Hence they will not give to the support 
of the Gospel till they are educated to do so after 
conversion, and this of course hinders us. The cost 
of living is also very high. Though we labor under 
these difficulties, there is much to encourage us. 



One Missionary's Work in India, 

BY KEV. MATTHEW TINDALE. 

MY father came to India in 1821 from Yorkshire, 
England, and died in this country. One of 
his brothers (William) went to Iowa, and another 
to Nebraska. My mother was born in India, of 
European parents, who came from Wales, and I was 
born in India. 

I joined the Methodist Episcopal Church in 1S76 
as a private member on transfer from the. Strict 
Baptist Church, Madras. I was then copastor with 
Rev. IT. F. Dall. For ten years, as Sunday school 
sui>erintendent and local preacher, I labored for the 
good of Methodism. 

In those days Methodism in South India was 
planted on self-supporting methods, and the preach- 
ers had to struggle very hard, and I stood by them 
and gave them of my substance. I had a good 
situation as editor of a leading triweekly journal, 
with prospects of seeing it grow into a daily under 
my guidance. I struggled against the call to give 
myself entirely to the ministry, (iod took from me 
three of my children. I finally resigned my editor- 
ship, which, with its emoluments, gave me nearly 
400 ruj>ees a month, and went into the Conference 
on the self-supporting plan. 

I have been in charge of our seamen's work at 
Hastings, of Jubulpur, Agra, and Lahore, as pastor, 
and am now in Royapuram, Madras, in charge of a 
European and native work, and have had the agency 
of the Methodist Publishing House in Madras since 
July, because of the absence of Dr. Rudisill. 

My native work is among the poor Pariahs in five 
villages, some of them from three to five miles from 



1S4 



Some Fruit of Our Portuguese Mission. 



Madras. We have Bchools In each village, with from 
fifteen to twenty scholars In each. Sunday schools 
with about tbcsamenutnbcrof scholarsexisl. Evan- 
gelistic work is carried on among the adults in these 
and surrounding villages. 

In Royapuram 1 have a good work among the na- 
tive scavengers in Sunday and day schools, as also 
In regular ■bwIbm in tin- little niiid and thatched 
chapel. We have 10 Christians and quite a number 
of probationers. We have a small membership in 
the villages also. 

Among tin- Europeans 1 hove on English mem- 
bership of SO and an average attendance on the 
Sunday preaching services o( 1U'j. <»ir Sun.hiy 
schuol jiumbers PS), with an average atliM) donee of 
LCD. We have a Junior Epworth League of 30, a 
Senior League of 7">, and 'S willing workers in Son- 
day school, League, tract, ond street work. Every- 
where encouragement greets us. 

The work uniting the Europeans iu India pays in 
the number who get fully saved and who exert a 
good influence all around them. Win. Taylor, now 
Bishop Taylor, was right when he was led by God to 
sue that a converted, fully wad European church 
in India could be made the vehicle to carry salvation 
to the heathen. Had his lines been strictly ad- 
hered to, and the some high apostolic standards 
i» '^ii observed, Methodism iii India, would possess It 
gfeater solidity tluiu it dues to-day. 

None of the missions In India fully recognise ibe 
great opportunity Ihey possess of missionary work 
among the Europeans. A self-supporting Indian 
Methodism ought to spring from Europeans and 
Eurasians leading the woy and teaching the natives 
how to do It. 






Some Fruit of Our Portuguese Mission. 

TITE Portuguese Mission at New Bedford, Mass., 
wos started In 1890. Some Immediate results 
was the conversion of several people who before 
knew nothing of the Gospel. Ever since then there 
nas been a leaven at work among the Portuguese 
people throughout southeastern New England. But 
that Is not all. Through our converts a work of 
grace has started In the Cape Verde Islands, the 
strength of which seems to be fully appreciated by 
our enemies. 

htdeptivltuh; a Portuguese secular paper, pub- 
lished at New Bedford, Mass., contains, In its Issue 
of February 31, 1000, the correspondence from 
Brava, Cape Verde Islands, of which the following 
Is a translation : 

" The PHOPiOASDA. 
"In this island. i"r the lust live or six years, (hat Is. 
siin-e 1SIMWM, when sonic of Hi.- natives of this laml 
arrived here from the United States of North Amer- 
ica, profaning])' proclaiming a, doctrine contrary to 
ours, the number could lie counted on the fingers, 
say, four or six : but to-day. unfortunately, they are 
counted by tens. At present the situation in which 
they iind themselves is bod ; for the authorities 
have already iaken serious measures about this. 
8omu have been imprisoned, and others repri- 



manded, and if they do not emend, they will b 
prosecuted. Since this corrective they have dis- 
continued some of their public acts of propaganda. 
Now. howevr. their niiiii.osity has risen, and the? 
soy that within a short lime they will found a bouse 
here for baptizing, bo as to have many brethren. 
In Ihe numbers above referred to ure some women 
and girls. It is of the greatest urgency for those to 
whom it belongs lo lake energetic measures and de- 
stroy before the people of this island this propa- 
ganda; otherwise, one day, we shall see this humble 
people become truly Protestant. Tills, then, is Ihe 
first thing to lie done, us the nffag goes, ■ Bleeding 
is better than fever.' 
"More anon. K. Kin." 

This state of affairs has been reached without any 
authorized missionary on the ground. To lbs many 
appeals of these converts out there to fetid them a 
missionary wo have had to reply, " By and by." In 
the meantime one of our New Bedford converts In 
been ordained by the Advent Christian church o 
Providence, R. L, and gone ont to Bnivii, when- bj 
has but recently arrived and begun his work a 
missionary. 
19 Wesley Street, Newton, Mass., 
February 37, IBOO. 



The Worth India Conference, 

THE thirty-sixth annual session of the old a 
historic North India Conference convened t 
1. nes no iv under favorable circumstances January lo 
On account of prevailing sickness and famine a 
larger number than usual were absent at roll call, 
bill SO responded to ihcir names, and these were 
joined Inter by a class of seven young and promising 
men who wore admitted into full connection. 

In Borne res[ieeis ihe record of the year has been 
one of much hardship. A sudden rise in exchange 
robbed oar appropriations of 10,000 rupees, which 
the Board at home did not see its way to make up. 
To have rut this sum at once out of the work would 
have meant ruin to 100 or more of our stations, so 
the workers agreed to assume a full half Of Ihe cut 
for a year. In this heavy sacrifice both American 
and Hindustani united, and this re. I net inn In income 
has caused very much suffering during the post 
twelve mouths. Famine prims are such that It was 
felt by all that this burden could not be carried for 
another year, but rather than cut the work to that 
intent, which would be disastrous In Its moral effects, 
the missionaries .lei idt-d to continue the work as it 
Is, and attempt lo secure this 6,000 rnpees from out- 

The work of the Conference was largely routine, 
hut interesting. The election of E. W. Porker mid 
.1. L. Humphrey to the General Conference was an 
emphatic indorsement of Ihe missionary episcopacy, 
mid with a few exception* it is the wish of the Con- 
ference that at least one additional missionary 
bishop be elected. 

Few Conferences can show such a great average 
length Of service. The 19 missionaries Who are 
members of the !'• inference have a total of four hun- 
dred and flfty-two years' service. Of these 10 mem- 
bers a quarter have been on ihe held over forty 
years, and within a few months a half of them will 



!'!•■■ North Li-h'a i'onf, www. 



tmvo boon on the field (or over thirty year*. This 
preponderance of experienced men is of great advan- 
uo , hut it means that after a few years the Mission 
If to be largely manned by Inexperienced men. 

The statistical rejmrt Inn! some very interesting 
points. In the matter of pastoral support effort to 
advance Is being continually made, and during the 
rti.il year the Hindustani members of our Mission 

pare lor Ihls purpose ;"i,jn-l rti| s. This may not 

i lurge. bui it is nn average o( about 13 annus 

i« r in' int.. r. and taking into consideration the ter- 

'B poverty of tin- people, is generous giving. To 

most also be added almost n» targe a sum, given 

to the various benevolent enterprises of the Church. 

The Christian community showed an Increase of 

■bout two anil a half thousand during llie year, a ■ 

■i -(piiraglni! thing after such heavy cuts ilium- 
daily, and such hardships as are brought upon our j 
people by famine. Two iiml a half thousand bap- 
tism! show a healthy and normal growth. A long 
Stop in advanco was made in Sunday school work, 
there baring been an increase in attendance of 
about three thousand, so that now a total of 41,000 
boys and girls, Christian and heathen, are every ' 
Sunday given bibliial Instruction. Of this Increase 
In numbers almost half are non-Christian girls and 
about a third Christian girls. This, too, Is a cause ' 
for congratulation. We regret very ranch that the 
. ilculs in appropriations have compelled the 
closing of schools, aud that a less number of stu- 
denta are reported than for some years. 

The penocnel ol the Conference changes some ' 
little. Two young men from America strengthen the . 
ranks of the missionaries. These are R. I. Paucetl, 
of Chicago, and B. T. Badley, formerly of India. 
The class received on trial contains seven young 
men from the ranks of the local preachers. 

Dr. J. L. Humphrey, Ihc senior member of the 
India Mission since the death of Dr. Butler, retires ' 
from active service and will make his borne in 
America. Dr. Humphrey came to India forty-three 
years ago, and after a long and successful career 
leaves with the love and confidence of his fellow- 
workers. The presence of such a large percentage 
of long-service missionaries suggested to one of the 
workers a Myfng at I>r. Dnrbln to a missionary 
parly just about to sail for Iudln. It was to the 
effect that the average life of the missionary to India 
was only five years. Kipling remarks that India is 
a place where men die with suddenness, but temper- 
auce aud right living are antidotes to much of the 
prevailing illsei.ies among Europeans. 

A spirit of hopefulness characterised the whole 
session. It was felt that the trials that hare come 
»o heavily on ns during the past few years were 
over, and that reduced appropriation a would not 
have to lie again heed Lifter the present year. And 
in addition to this, the work seems In he on a sol- 
Ider foundation than ever lief ore. The years of trial 
hove done thorough sifting, but the worst has been 
passed and we are on the up-grade onee more, with 
better prospects than ever before. We are still 
woefully undermanned and financially supported, 
and Iherewill still need to he trimming in places 



185 

until the blood Buns, but nil present seemed Io sir 
signs of hope that enabled them to look confident ly 
to the future. 

A touching scene in the Conference was when the 
senior missionary of our work In India, Rev. J. L. 
Humphrey, who came to India lorry -three years ng.', 
bade farewell to the Con fere me on retiring from 
active work. He leaves the field, after faithful Ud 
honorable scrvtee, beloved by all. W. W. Ashe took 
a supernumerary relation, but wtil coutinue Io lire 

I and work In India. 

The most interesting subject of discussion during 
the Conference session was on a resolution petition- 
ing for the appoint men t of another missionary bishop 
to assist Bishop Thotium in administering Hits vast 

■ field. It was unanimously agreed I lull help must be 
given at onee, and the very large majority of the 
members are' enthusiastically in favor of continuing 
the present plan of administration. 

I'.aiher more changes were made io the appoint- 
ments than usual, anil almost half uf the presid- 
ing elders are new men. R. I. Faucett waa sent 
to the Nainl Tal church, made vacant by the re- 
tiring of Dr. Humphrey ; J. II. Messmore takes Ihe 
l.nekitow English church ami literary work; L. a. 
Core is made Presiding Elder of the Morudabnd Dis- 
trict : J. W. Robinson, of the Oudh District | B, Tnp- 
per, of the llanloi District ; and II. J. Adams, of the 
Sambhat District | while II. A. Cutting lakes up the 
work of the Ptlihliit District. 

It was considered by all lliat this our closing Con- 
fereie-e [or the century was a good one, and all nre 
liH.kiitg forward to u year of successful work. — filor 
•if India. 

Notes. 

McCABE COLLEGE Is the name of the new edu- 
cational enterprise at Skagway, Alaska. A 
slonc building is being erected, 42ilH feet, two stories 
high, and money Is needed to complete It. Contribu- 
tions can be sent to Dr. J. J. Waller, Superintendent, 
at Skagway, or lo Bishop MeCahe, at Evanston, HI. 

Mrs. J. C. Lawson, of our Northwest India Mia- 
siou, has secured 4. r i acres of land near the present 
mission premises in Aligarh, where' she will establish 
a widows' home similar lo that established by Pun- 
dim Kumabai lu South India. 

Rev. W. A. Hansel) and wife, sailed from Cal- 
cutta in February for America. Mr. Manscll Ims 
been a successful and laborious missionary in India 
for ten years. 

Rev. Edward 8. Little writes from Chinkiang, 
China: "I have opened work at the city of Tan 
Taug listen, silly li down the canal toward Shang- 
hai. There are some 30 or 30 inouirers there. They 
hove rented a chitreh for our nse, and have sub- 
scribed and paid *h<) toward fitting and furnishing 

lo me. All 1 have paid is *ca>. which will be repaid 
when we give up the building. The monthly charge 
for rent and caretaker is *4. I have taken eight in 
on probation, ami several women also want to join. 
We need a native preacher for this appointment." 



(1S6) 
MISSIONARY SOCIETY OF THE METHODIST EPISCOPAL CHURC 



Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Fast 

end Present, 

Connected wilh the Work of the Missionary Society. 

WE (rive tliis month a list of missionaries whose 
names commence with 8,T, D, and V, and shall 
be glad to knew tf any have been omitted, if any nils- 
takes have been made, or if our readers can furnish 
Information that will make our record more com- 
plete. The present missionaries are in italic. 

S 

Jfer. Levi BHmmtr Salman* and iri/e (Sara Jones 
Smack) arrived in Mexico September 6, 1885; left 
August IS, 1880. Mr. Salmans graduated In medicine 
-fir,./ 1-, 1801, Hd returned to Mexico July 10, 1891. 
P. O., Guanajuato, Mexico. 

Rev. Gerhard Johannes Schilling aud wife (Eliza- 
beth Agnes Creigbton Bull) sailed for Burma July 8, 
1S93; nrrirexl November 8, 1808; left February 88, 
1898. Mr. Schilling is in the Newark Conference. 
P. O., Colesville, N. J. 

Rc». John II. Schivcly and wife [Carrie Dixon) 
MlM to* India OclObWS, 188(1. Mr. Schively wish- 
drew in 1890 from the ministry nod membership of 
Ihc Church. Resides In Oregon. 

Rev. Earl Schou Went to Denmark In 1873; married, 
iul878, Louise Euemaun; died July 81, 1888, In Copen- 
hagen, Denmark. His widow reside* iu Copenhagen. 

Her. Jtfferton Elltwirth Sc.lt arrived in India Oc- 
tobecSI, 1873; married Emma Moore December 14, 
1*77. I'. O., Muttm, India. 

Julian F. Scott, M.D., went io China iu 1893; mar- 
ried Lillian G. Hale December 81, 1804 ; died May 
28, 1898. Mrs. Scott married David M. Welding 
December 25, 1807, and resides In Richmond, O. 

Hep. Thomas JeffcrHm Scott and wife (Mary Elixabeth 
Worthlngton) arrived In India Jan nary 'JO, 1863. Dr. 
Scott Is President of the Theological Seminary at 
Bare-illy, India. 

Ha. Henry Unit-,- ty-lneart; mid iri/r (Mary Evelyn 
Frailer) arrived In Japan March 4, 1893 ; left No- 
vember 30, 189T ; remained In the I'nited States dur- 
ing 1898 and IS'.'.i, urn] sailed again for Japan in 
January, 1000. P. 0., Nagasaki, Japan. 

Rev. Wm. Sehwars anrl wife (Caroline French) ar- 
rived In (ierraany June 87, 1858; returned tn 1874. 
Mr. Scbwarz died In New York city March 13, 1875. 
Mrs. Schwars resides with her daughter, Mrs. Car- 
rie Caswell, at No. Arlington Place, Brooklyn, New 
York. 

Rev. Wm. Benton Scranton, .V.D., and u-./r (Louisa 
Wyeth Arms) sailed for Korea January 20, 1885 ; ar- 
rived in Korea May 3, 1885. Dr. Scranton la Superlu- 
tendent of the Korea Mission. P. O., Seoul, Korea. 

AfUi Lucy Emily Scwldir sailed for Chile December 
BO, 1896; returned iu 1808. 

Rev. John Seys sailed for Liberia October 18, 1834 ; 
Mrs. Seys went ont In 1835. Tbey returned in 1845. 
Mr. Seys was United States Minister to Liberia from 
1862 to 1870. He returned from Liberia in 1870, and 
died on February 9, 1871. 



hi 1. John W. Slieok arrived In Argentina, South. 
America, Marvh 1, 1886; left January 15, 1867. Is 
now Editor of the Omaha ChrUtia* Advocate. P. 0., 
Omaha, Neb. 

Miss Mary A. Sharp went to Liberia In 1378 ; was 
transferred to the Woman's Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety in 1879 ; baa beeu an Independent missionary 
in Liberia since 1880. P. O., Monrovia, Liberia. 

Iter. Fawcett Ktxr .Vfl-iftV Shaur and tnfi (Caroline A. 
Hill) joined the India Mission in December, 1880. 
Nowlnchargeof I be English Church and Hindustani 
Mission in Secunderabad, India. Address, 39 Ox- 

: ii >::-.■!, 

Rev. James Shaw joined the India Mission in 
November, 1878; withdrew in 1883 aud joined the 
Presbyterian Church. Now at Qnetta, Baluchistan. 

Jiei: II'-;.. G.ShcBabear and wife joined the Malaysia 
Mission iu Slnga{>ore in 1890. Mrs. SheUabear died 
March 15, 1895. Mr. SheUabear married Emma A. 
Ferris February 17, 1807. P. O., Singapore, Straits 
8.1 lit mints. # 

Harry C. Sherman, MM., and wife (Florence) ar- 
rived in Seoul February 14, 1.898. Dr. Sherman is in 
charge of the Medical Work in Sce.nL P. O., Seoul 

Kev. George Fletcher Shepherd aud wife (Bessie 
Conway) arrived In Japan September 17, 1806 ; left 
February 35. 1897. Mrs. Shepherd dledat Deausville, 
N. T., Fehrnory 20, 1808. Mr. Shepherd is in the 
Northern New York Conference. P.O., Deansboro, 
N. Y. 

Rev. Oramll Shrevea arrived in India November 
27, 1879; married Lillic Birdsall n, t.,l..r 0, I*>1 ; left 
India February 12, 1885. In East Ohio Conference. 
P. 0., Siryker, O. 

A* JokjA Vcphtu Bhcrrtil and vife (Elisa Anon 
Stearns) sailed for Liberia December 8, 1890. Mr. 
Sherrill Is Pastor of the Methodist Church at Mon- 
rovia, Liberia. 

H-r. Robert fi/ii-lth and irifi (LouiBC Rnven), mis- 
sionaries In Angola, Africa, were recognized by tbc 
Board as missionaries of the Society April 19, 1808. 
P. 0., Quihongoa, Angola, Africa. 

Jfrt Mary Sr-rntl .Slim It, missionary In Angola, 
Africa, recognized by the Board as missionary of 
the Society April 10, 1898. P. O., Malange, Angola, 
Africa. 

Rev. Samuel Wesley Sibcrti and vife (Mary Elisa- 
beth) arrived In Mexico in February, 1870; left In 
July, 1806. Sailed for Argentina, South America, in 
P. O., Mercedes, Argentina. 
p. Joint* Sitncttrr and wife [Winifred Smack) 
sailed for China August 26, 1800. P. 0., Foochow, 
China. 

Rev. Charles W. Simmons and wife (Ella Bartlett) 
sailed for India in November, 1888 ; returned iu 1801. 
Colorado Conference. P. O., Arvads, Col. 

Itei: John Arthur Siiuji.vm and vife (Mattle Ann 
Hamilton) sailed [or Liberia January 18,1899. P.O., 
Greenville, Liberia. 

Rev. Nathan Sites and wife (Sarah Moore) sailed 
for China In Juno, 1861 ; arrived at Foochow Sep- 



Episcopal 



187 



tember 19. Dr. 8ites died February 10, 1805. Mrs. 

Site* resides at 802 North 8ixth 8treet, Harrisburg, Pa. 

James Edward* Skinner, M.D. y and wife (Susan Hunt 

Lawrence, M.D.) sailed for China in October, 1807. 

P. O., Foochow, China. 

Bev. Wm. O. Smart and wife (Eliza Brown Newton), 
missionaries in the Madeira Islands, joined the Meth- 
odist Mission March 7, 1896 ; recognized as mission- 
aries of the Society by the Board November 22, 1898. 
P. O., Fnnchal, Madeira. 

Rev. Julius Smith and wife (Mary Eineline Price) 
sailed for India November 12, 1890. P. O., Toungoo, 
Burma, India. 

Rev. Lucius Chambers 8mith and wife (Ellen 
Augusta Griswold) went to Chile in September, 
1878, in the self-supporting work. Mrs. Smith died 
December 28, 1878, in Chile. Mr. Smith married 
8ara Orchard January 10, 1881 ; arrived in Mexico 
February 25, 1884 ; died March 15, 1896. Mrs. Smith 
resides in Wooster, O. 

Rev. Joel A. Smith and wife (Florence L. Van Fleet) 
arrived in China October 12, 1884. Mrs. Smith died 
December 12, 1884. Mr. Smith left China in August, 
1885, and is now in the Utah Mission, and pastor of 
Biff Church in Salt Lake City. P. O., Salt I^ko City, 
Utah. 

Rev. 8tacy A. Smith arrived in China November 
5, 1880; left October 13, 1802. In Kansas Confer- 
ence. P. O., Oshkosh, Wis. 

J/Ut Florence B. Smith sailed for Chile in 1887. P. 
0., Santiago, Chile. 

Mia Marian C. Smith sailed for Chile June 29, 1899. 
P. 0., Santiago, Chile. 

Sir. Geo. Blood Smyth sailed for China September 
21, 1882; married Alice Barton Harris January 24, 
18M; returned on furlough July, 1899. Address, 
«05 Foster Court, Denver, Col. 

Rrr. Julius Soper and w\fe (Mary Frances Davison) 
arrived in Japan August 8, 1878; returned 1883; ar- 
rired again in Japan November 6, 1886. P. O., To- 
kyo, Japan. 

Rev. John M. Spangler and wife (Martha A. Try on) 
•ailed for Argentina, 8outh America, in June, 1887 ; 
vent to Peru in 1894 ; returned in January, 1899. 

Rer. Frank A. Spencer and wife (Mary) arrived in 
India in December, 1865; left in 1867. To Italy in 
MB ind returned In 1074. Belonged to the Ohio 
Conference until 1878. 

to. Dark! Smith Speneer wad wife (Mary Pike) ar- 
riied in Japan September 23, 1888. P. O., Tokyo, 
Japan. 

&*• John Oakley Spencer and wife (Amanda Ruth 
tataan) arrived in Japan September 23, 1883 ; left 
X*rca 4, 1809, on furlough. Address, 237 South 
fifth Avenue, Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

B*»Wm. Sawyer Spencer and wife (Florence E. Gaf- 
feH) left for Mexico Jnne 80, 1897. Mr. Spencer is 
tatUentof Mexico Methodist Institute at Pucbla, 
Mexico. 

Bev. Justin Spauldingwent to Brazil, South Amer- 
ica, in 1886; returned In 1841; died in Moretown, 
Vt, in 1881 

Ber. Boras Spanlding and wife arrived in Liberia 
January 1, 1884; left May 17, 1884. 



Rev. Lee W. 8quier and wife arrived in Japan Sep- 
tember 5, 1881 ; left May 5, 1887. Mr. 8quier was 
discontinued from the Northern Minnesota Confer- 
ence in 1896. 

Bev. Everett 8. 8tackpole and wife (Elizabeth A. 
Blake) arrived in Rome, Italy, March 14, 1888; left 
Florence, Italy, June 20, 1892. In Maine Confer- 
ence. P. O., Augusta, Me. 

Miss Maria E. B. Staunton sailed for Liberia Octo- 
ber 25, 1854 ; died in Liberia April 15, 1856. 

Rev. 8teen Andreas Steensen and wife went to 
Norway in 1858. Mr. 8teensen died in Christiania, 
Norway, in 1878. 

Bev. Wm. II. Stephen* arrived in India in January, 
1880 ; married Mary C. Elliott September 14, 1886, 
who died July 24, 1893. Mr. Stephens married Anna 
M. Thompson May 1, 1895. P. O., Bombay, India. 

Rev. Richard Stephens arrived in Mexico in 1875; 
transferred to New Mexico in 1878. Afterward re- 
turned to Mexico, where he died in 1896. 

Rev. Leslie Stevens and wife (Minnie Jane Phillips) 
sailed for China April 15, 1890. Mr. Stevens died in 
China July 26, 1894. Mrs. Stevens resides in St. 
Paul, Neb. 

Rev. Thomas II. Stockton and wife went to South 
America in 1883. Mr. Stockton died in South Amer- 
ica July 29, 1892. 

Rev. Geo. Irvin Stone and wife (Marilla Mark 
Bachelder) arrived in India December 31, 1879; left 
February 3, 1897. Mr. Stone is a superannuated 
preacher of Bombay Conference. Address, 25 Mun- 
roe Street, Titusville, Pa. 

Rev. James Sumner Stone, M.D., arrived in India 
December 31, 1880 ;' married Kate El sou November 
27, 1884 ; left India May 1, 1888. In New York Con- 
ference. Address, corner Mott Avenue and One 
Hundred and Fiftieth Street, New York city. 

Rev. Andrew Stritmatter sailed for China June 8, 
1873; married Lucinda L. Combs, M.D., in Novem- 
ber, 1877, at Shanghai ; left China September 9, 1880. 
Mr. Stritmatter died November 22, 1880, in Denver, 
Col. Mrs. Stritmatter resides in Washington, O. 

Bet: George Arthur Stuart, M.D., and wife (Rachel 
Anne Golden) sailed from San Francisco for China 
June 27, 1886. P. O., Nanking, China. 

Rev. Homer Clyde Stuntz and wife (Estelle May 
Clark) sailed for India January 22, 1887; left India 
in March, 1895. In Upper Iowa Conference. P. O., 
Mount Vernon, la. 

Bev. Herbert Woodworth Swartz, M.D., and wife (Lola 
Reynolds) arrived in Japan October 29, 1884; left 
Japan on furlough October 1, 1898. Resides at 312 
Cherry Street, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Bev. Wilbur C. Swearer sailed for Korea March 23/ 
1898. P. O., Seoul, Korea. 



Bev. Marcus Lorenzo Taft sailed for China Sep- 
tember 1, 1880; married Emily Louise Kellogg 
September 29, 1882. Left on furlough November, 
1899. P. O., 480 Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Wm. E. Tarbell, M.D., and wife sailed for China 
March 17, 1875. Dr. Tarbell resigned in 1876 to be- 
come a teacher in a Government School in Japan. 



188 Methodist Episcopal Foreign Missionaries Past and Present. 



John L. Taylor, M.D., and wife went to China In 
1883 ; resigned In 1883, 

Miti Alire Terrell Balled for China September IB, 
1894. P. 0., Peking, China. 

Rev. Crawford Rockwell Thobnrn arrived in India 
ai a missionary December IS, 1885 ; left April 23, 
1887 ; died May 6, 1890, in Portland, Ore. 

Sep.' David Lyle Thoburn went to India In 1898; 
married Ruth M. Collins at Lncknow, December 31, 
1890. P. O., Lucknow, India. 

Rev. Jama Mill* Thoburn arrived In India August 
21, 1859 ; married Mtnerra R. Downey December 16, 
1861, at Bareilly, who died October 30, 1863, at Nalnl 
Tal ; Dr. Thoburn married Anna Jones, M.D., No- 
vember II, 1880, In Philadelphia, Pa. ; was conse- 
crated Missionary Bishop for India and Malaysia in 
May, 1888. P. 0., Bombay, India. Is now on his 
way to the United States. 

Rev. James M. Thoburn, Jr., and wife (Emma F. 
Merchant) arrived in India December 26, 1884; left 
December 4, 1888. In Detroit Conference. P.O., 31 
Adams Avenue, E. Detroit, Mich. 

Rev. Jama 11. Thomae and vift (Elizabeth I. Wil- 
son) sailed for India December 15, 1888. P. O., 
Agra, India. 

Rev. David Wesley Thomss and wife (Mary Alice 
Amiable) sailed for India August IT, 1861 ; arrived 
In India January 17. 1862; Dr. Thomas left India 
April 1, 1887. Mrs. Thomas left in the fall of 1887. 
Reside at 136 New York Avenue, Brooklyn, N. T. 

Rev. John Francii Thornton and wife (Helen Good- 
fellow) arrived In Argentina from the United StateB 
October 33, 1866. P. O., Montevideo, Uruguay. 

Rev. Matthew Tindalt and wife (Sarah Baker) Joined 
the India Mission in July, 1880. P. O., Royapnrsm, 
Madras, India. 

Rev. Elbert S. Todd and wife (Emma) arrived in 
China in November, 1867; left In May,1869. Dr. Todd 
Is now In the Baltimore Conference, pastor of 
Strawbridge Methodist Episcopal Church, Balti- 
more, Md. 

Rev. DeLosB Monroe Tompkins and wife (Ida M. 
Foot*) arrived in India December 33, 1884 ; left in 
March, 1887. In Rock River Conference. P. O., Bel- 
vldere, III. 

Rev. Hiram Torbet arrived in India December 16, 
1878; was accidentally killed in Bombay March 12, 
1879. 

Rev. Frank Dean Tubbs and wife (Isabella Kerr) 
arrived in Mexico September 17, 1888 : left May 20, 
1894 ; arrived In Argentina, Smith America, August 
8, 1894. Mrs. Tubbs died April 6, 1897, at Mercedes, 
Argentina. Mr. Tubbs left for the United States 
August 6, 1897. Is Professor of Physical Science In 
Kansas Wesleyan University at Sallna, Kan, 

u 

Rev. Wm. Henry Budgett Urch arrived In Singa- 
pore March 6, 1832 ; left May 15, 1894. In Michigan 
Conference. P. O., Ionia, Mich. 

Rev. George 8. Umpleby and wife (Izina E. Cole) 
arrived in Mexico In November, 1879; left in No- 
vember, 1883. From October, 1887, to September, 
1889, a missionary at Ensenada, Lower California. 



Mrs. Umpleby died December 23, 1S96. Mr. V 
pleby Is a superannuated preacher of the Sonthi 
California Conference. P. O., Santa Barbara, Cs 



Rev, Milton Smith Vail arrived in Japan Septeml 
18, 1879; married Emma Catherine Witbeck J: 
nary 1, 1885 ; returned on furlough In March, li 
Address, Baltimore, Md. 

Mitt Jennie Stevetixon Vail arrived In Japan May 
1880. P.O., Tokyo, Japan. 
Miss Rath Van Deren went to Chile in 1899; 

turned in 1898. 

Rev. Beuj. L. Van Dyke sailed for Malaysia Octol 
21, 1899. P. 0., Singapore, Straits Settlements. 

Rev. Algernon Sydney Edwin Vardon joined t 
India Mission In 1881; married Emma D. Miles 
1883; recognized by the Board as a missionary Si 
i ember 19, 1893 ; died November 2, 1898, at Hosbi 
gabad, India. Mrs. Vardon resides at 11 Phaj 
Road, Poona, India. 

Ret: George Wathiugton Verity sailed for China > 
vember 39, 1890, as agent in China of the Americ 
Bible Society ; joined the Methodist Mission In St 
Wmber, 1893; married Frances Irene Wheeler I 
cember 30, 1893. P. O., Talan, Shantnng, China. 

Rev. Leroy M. Vernon and wife (Emily F. Barki 
sailed for Italy June 28, 1871 ; arrived in Genoa A 
gust 16, 1871 ; returned in October, 1888. Dr. Vi 
non died In Syracuse, N. T„ August 10, 1896. M 
Vernon resides at 717 E. Genesee St., Syracuse, N. 

JAu Charlotte C. Vimont sailed for Chile June : 
1894; returned In March, 1900. P. O., Des Moin 



Votes. 

REV. ALBERT NORTON, formerly connected w 
onr Methodist Missions In India, Is now 
charge of a boys' orphanage at Dbond, India. 

The names of Rev. J. II. Johnson and wife (An 
Hanson) were omitted among the J's in onr list 
missionaries. They were sent to Norway in IB 
arriving In Christiana August 24, 1880, and retnrnl 
in 1888. Mr. Johnson died in Chicago, 111., Octol 
8, 1896. His widow resides at 792 W. Superior Stn 
Chicago, III. 

In the record given of Miss Kate L. Russell, of i 
Chile Mission, it is said she married Rev. Bob 
O'Lane. It should be Rev. Robert Olave. 

Rev. Brenton Thobnrn Badley has been appoint 
Professor of English and of Political Economy 
Reld Christian College, Lncknow, India. 

Rev. Charles W. Drees, D.D., the newly appoint 
Superintendent of the Puerto Rico Mission, arrlv 
In New York from South America March 4, and safl 
for Puerto Rico March 19. 

Rev. Henry B. Schwartz arrived at Yokohan 
Japan, February 2, and proceeded at once to his I 
polntment at Nagasaki, arriving there February 7 

Rev. F. D. Bovard, D.D., has been appointed 
Bishop Walden Presiding Elder of the Chinese C 
trict of the California Conferenoe to succeed the L 
Dr. Masters. 



M* t'i"J of the Board of Managers. 



1SB 



lorn i 



Heating of the Board of Managers. 

{EttratttJ'rm the l\w&dvtgi.) 

il I-; Board el "nmn'f W h«- if I— li iiiwi j DoJttj 

..f ilii' Methodist Episcopal Church met in 
ar session March 20, Rev J. H. Buckle), D.D., 
president, presiding. Devotional eiercises 
conducted by Dr. Buckley ami Rev. J. L. Ilurl- 
il, D.D. 

The reports of llie Committees on Finance and on 
inds and Legacies were adopted. 
Tin- redistribution of Uie appropriation lo the 

un Mission was approved. 
The red istribn lion of the appropriation to the 
.tral China Mission ra approved, except Hint 
balance of unused salaries Ot Rev. James <!ack- 
ttnd iter. E. S. Little shall be retained for the 
tending out of new missionaries, or such other pur- 
as the Board may direct. 
Permission was granted Rev. F. D. Gome well, of 
North China Mission, to return to the United 
es on a brief furlough. Hint he may have tin 
Incut Of ■ SpOoWlrt [or t tie I" ll'tll n[ liis Jn-ui-- 
whieh has become greatly impaired. 
The redistribution of the approprlal ion to North 
China was returned to the North China Flounce 
Committee with the following statement: 

The Board is unable to approve the taking of 
Ri,t«"J from the appropriation for the purchase of 
for a hospital at Peking, u the purchase of 
new [i:-"|h-iv\ i- ihe fiiTti'i iuii of the Ccneral Com- 
mittee. However, the Board greatly appreciates the 
generosity of the Bopklns fundi > In offering to build 
n hospital at Peking, "ii condition tliat the laud be: 
purchased, and trust that some method will be de- 
vised for raising the money necessary for the pur- 
chase thereof. Falling ill that, application should 
be made at the next session of the Cleneral Com- 
mittee. Provision should be made for salary of I)r 
W. F. Walker, and outgoing and salary of Mr. J. 
Victor Martin, and the (1,0011 due the Annuity Fund 
tultst be allowed." 

The salary of Rev. J. 11. Spencer was continued 
through June. 

Rev. H. B. Schwartz was added lo the Finance 
t mnmiitec of Hie South Japan Mission. 

The American Bible Society was requested to pay 
the salary of Rev. II. G. A ppen seller while engaged 
wilh others in the translation of the New Testament 
tHB I fie Koran language. 

The students of Drew Theological Seminary and 
their friends having contributed enough money to 
pay the salary of Rev. C. D. Morris as a missionary 
to Korea, for onu year, his outgoing was authorised, 
the t intoning expenses to be paid from ihe Inciden- 
tal Fund, 
Permission was given Mrs. W. B. Seranton, of the 
■a Mission, now in Lausanne, Switzerland, to re- 
tire United Stales on furlough, 
intgoing of W, B. Motilll, M,D„ retornfng to 
was authorized, and his proposition accepted 
to pay the outgoing expenses and he reimbursed 
from medical receipts after he has reentered the field. 
Rot. Jews L. McLaughlin and wife were approved 



a- misMouurie 1 * lo \\u\u\ sin. provided they pass tie- 
medical examination. 

Mr. Geo. F. Secor was appointed a member of the 
Committee ou Lauds and Legacies. 

Subscriptions were authorized to be made lor 
copies of ihe Report of the Ecumenical Missionary 
Conference. 

The granting of the use of the Hoard Room to Ihe 
Chinese Sunday school on Sunday afternoons was re- 
ferred to the OommMet on tfominatloiu and Gen- 
eral Reference. 



Botes on Miaaionaiies, Misaions, Etc 

Miss ALNKS MeALLISTF.il, of Hie Liberia Mis- 
sion, arrived in New York March 14. She 
returns In poor health, and is in the Belle? llnspitid 
in Brooklyn, 

Mr. .I.Victor Martinis I o sail for China April 7. 
to become treasurer and bookkeeper for the North 
China Mission. 

ff, I!. McGlll, M.D., is to return to Korea with 
Ins faiuili this month. He will probably he again 
located at Wonsan. 

Rev. W, V. Walker, D.D., of the North China Mis- 
sion, sails April 7, returning to his field of labor. 

Rev, B. 0. Campbell and family, of Ihe Chile Mis- 
sion, arrived in New Turk March 10, and went on lo 
Bt, Albans, VI. 

Robert Case Beebe, M.D., Superintendent of the 
Philander Smith Hospital at Nanking, China, has 
lately given at Allegheny College three interesting 
lectures on " The Dragon F-mpire," "The Physician 
in China, Native and Foreign," and ''Mission Life 
in China." 

Miss Charlotte C. Vimont, of the Chile mission, ar- 
rived In New York March 10. Her address will be 
Dee Moines, la. 

Rev. Jesse L. McLaughlin and wife sailed from 
New York March IT. "n their way lo Singapore, where 
Mr. McLaughlin is to take the place of Rev. J. R, 
Denyes, who has been transferred to Manila. 

We much regret to note that Rev. James Jackson, 
of Central China Mission, has cabled to the Mission 
Rooms (hat he has withdrawn from the Mission. 

Rev. M. S. Vail and family, of the South Japan 
Mission, returned to the United States last month, 
arriving in San Franci.-eo March B. Mr. Vall's health 
made the. return necessary, and be Is at present stop- 
ping with Dr. M. C. Harris, flTB Sixteenth Street, 
San Francisco, Cal. 

Rev. J. If. Spangler, D.D., formerly of our South 
America Mission, has been appointed to supply the 
church at Terington, Nev. 

Rev, J. II. Nelson is reluming on a short furlough 
from Brazil, Jliswife is at Stoughfon, Mass. 

Hishop Thohnrn sailed from Calcutta early in 
K'-lti-nary In insper'l Ihe Mission wcrk ar Riuigoi.ii. 
Penang, Singapore, ami in the Philippines, accom- 



190 



Will the Ecumenical Conference Pay? 



panied by Rev. F. \V. Warae. Ho ia eipected to sail 
from MutiUu about the 1st of April for the United 
States. Ilia health is slowly improving. Mr. Warno 
will remain in the Philippines (or several Weeks and 
assist in the further opening of the work there. 

The Star of Imiiu says: "Immediately after the ses- 
sion of the North India Conference Dr. and Mrs. J. 
L. Humphrey sailed from Calcutta for America, go- 
ing by way of China, Japan, and Honolulu. Dr. 
Humphrey was With Dr. Butler, the pioneer mission- 
ary of the Methodist Episcopal Church In India, and 
his retirement after a long and useful service Is a 
matter of regret to our whole. Mission in India, The 
prayers of many will follow this worthy missionary 
couple, and all will desire (or them calm seas and a 
□fasaaal pwift and that strength may be given to 
Dr. Humphrey equal to the strain that will fall on 
him during his service as delegate in the General 
Conference." 

Rev. George W. Verity writes from Taian, Shan- 
tung, China, January 18: "The country ban 1ms 
been in a great slate of excitement, anti-foreign and 
anti-Christian feeling manifesting itself in many uels 
of violence, culminating two weeks ago in the brutal 
murder of Rev. Mr. Brooks, of the Mission of the 
Society for the Propagation of the Gospel. 1 
eurrtd forty miles from here. Well-drilled troops 
are here, and the officers say they will protect us, so 
we feci pretty Bate." 

At the Central < 'onicrcnec in India, which met In 
Calcutta January 3!-February 5, Rev. D. L. Thu- 
lium was elected agent of publishing house at 
Lucknow; Rev. A. W. Rudisill, D.D., agent at Ma- 
dras ; Rev. J. Cuishaw, agent at Calcutta ; Rev. W. 
T. Cherry, agent at Singapore. Rev. ,1. E. Robinson 
was reelected editor of the ZMfm WUmmt, Rev, J. H. 
Mcssmore editor ot Kmibi'i-i-lfmil. A memorial to 
the General Conforoneo was adopted unanimously 
expressing ap preei.it ion of lIio work of Bishop Tho- 
burn, but stating that the growth ot the work had 
bam such that " at least two additional bishops are 
needed to adequately administer [lie Held, anil who 
shall be elected lu such a manner as will secure both 
continuity of adniinlstraiion and close connection 
with the home Church, and still permanently reside 
in the Hold." The Conference arranged for the com- 
piling and issuing of a hymnal for the CM of the va- 
rious ■pattered English congregations in India. 



Will the- Ecumenical Conference Pay? 

THE Financial Committee of the Ecumenical Con- 
ference on Foreign Missions, to bo held In New 
York in April, la endeavoring to raise $40,000 tn pay 
expenses. It is a large sum. The whole West India 
Mission of the Presbyterian Church takes less than 
this by about flO.OUOcach year. Of the27 missions of 
tho Church there are scarcely halt a dozen that take 
more. The writer was asked the other day— and by 
a very earnest friend of missions— why the money 
was not spent direcily tu missionary effort. "Would 
It not do more good • " It is a legitimate question, 
Will the Conference pay ? 



Missionary money goes further lo-day than it ever 
did. It used to be said that It took *1 to send one 
cent to the heallicn. To-day, as a matter of fact, the 
money that goes abroad for the needs of mission 
workers hovers in almost all the churches around 
00 per cent of tho totals. That is, it takes one cent 
to send nine to the heathen. Just what this Confer- 
ence elists for la to make all this money go further 
still. 

For a century men and women have labored in 
many lands, and with runny different methods. 
Si'iiit' of ilii-se methods have proved more econom- 
ical than others, but l In y ban not been everywhere 
adopted. What is needed is to bring these more 
riliciint [jii-ttiiuis ti> ilie knowledge of workers every- 
where. The Conference Is not a council to lay down 
laws ; but the Interchange of ideas and experiences 
will be a source of great help to all who desire to do 
tin- Lord's work well. In so far a* the Conference 
can accomplish this it will do much to pay for itself. 

Two topics of great Importune will show what 
can be done. The first is Unit of Comity and Coop- 
eration. That there la now, owing to denomina- 
tional rivalry, a serious waste of money every j car 
lu the mission field, no ihoughu'ul person will deny. 
The economic value of cooperation in minimising 
waste is sclf-evtdeu! in I lie business world : nor Is It 
any less so in the religious world. In the Confer- 
ence will be representatives from all over the world 
and from every cvuiil-cIi -al denomination— in itself 
an ebjivt Imisuii iii ooriiiij of no little value. That 
tin! discussions in the Conference on this subject 
will hasten that perfect unity for which Christ 
prayed will be the wish of all ; and what Is said and 
done there can scarcely help hut strengthen the pur- 
pose of everyone in the endeavor to accomplish it. 

The other topic is that of Self-support. Many mis- 
sion .■linn lies are si trendy working actively In this 
direction, and have done much. Money that used to 
support native pastors, build churches, and carry on 
schools, hospitals, ilispen.-ai'ies. anil presses is now 
liberated to be used in fresh channels for the 
further spreading of the Gospel, Many missions, 
however, still regard self-support as a sort of im- 
prartical ideal. If the stories of what has been done 
In other lauds show them that it Is very practical, 
and if the methods there successfully employed can 
in' adapted to their use, then the discussion of this 
one topic will go far to justify all that the Coufer- 

Ecouomlcs are necessary, but still more necessary 
sire dynamics. Right methods the mission aries 
must have to accomplish the moat possible with the 
means at their disposal. But right method* will 
avail little unless there is behind it all the power of 
the home Church. To obtain this power the Church 
must have knowledge, knowledge of w hat has been 
done, what la being done, and what remains to be 
done. No man and no body of men can lake an in- 
terest, sympathetic and helpful, tn that of which 
they know nothing. This Conference Is going to 
bring the tremendous facts of missionary success 
riirht in l» I lie hearts of many a man and woman who 
knows scarcely anything of It.— Prtxs OmmiUtt*. 



Two Methodut Delegates to the Ecumenical Conference from, England. 191 



Two Methodist Delegates to the Ecumenical Con- 
ference from England. 

.! Barter, M.A., B.D. 

Rev. W. T. A. Barber, SLA., B.D., was born in 

■;iffna, Ceylon, where bta father was head of 

the Missionary High School. Educated in Son!): 

Africa and at Wesley's Klngnrood School be pro. 

>:e**"le-l to Cambridge and, alter MaoMiig at the Wea- 

loyaii Missionary '.olk-ire lit Richmond, volunteered 

iiiooal work io Central ChlDa. 




foundation of a high school for the 
Upper classes hi Wuchang, but utter 

... the continuous B1 health ol 
return to England. In 1S» be was 

'■' .'■ ■■]. win Missionary Society, 
eatb M a." Re*. Dr. Hoalioo In Febro- 

*-':. Itts. lie was appointed Headmaster of the Leys 

ibrldge, 

a graduate of London, Cambridge, 

■■'.-,, 

i iv T. Chapman entered the ministry 

"' U» 1 ntted UetkodW Fr. .■ < !harahee in 1807. He 

- uulbaek, Cheshire, about twenty-two 

:i la Mill In the prime of life, and has 

"W mtral of the highest ottos* of the denomina- 

B corresponding secretary for the two 

fan 1SH-1816, (,ud at the same lime was general 

ol the Lcedi forward movement, 

Inception to him. At. the end of his 

, ™i U corresponding secretary he was elected to 

'"'l-Biiinii he now occupies of General Missionary 

■ United Methodist Free Churches of 

OnttaBraqntn nun to keep tntoacb with 

"'"wHlwions as well as the four great Foreign Mis- 
■ Una, East Africa, West Africa, and 
Mr. Chapman has set himself (he task of 
■ I he Bo i'iy one third, and 
soeocss will crown his efforts. 
:■ I bapman la forceful, striking 



straight from the shoulder with solid prose rather 
than fanciful poetry, and yet in spee ch or Mrnon 
there is revealed beneath it all a deep undertone uf 
tenderness and pathos. In the Conference Mr. 
Chapman will read a paper, under the genera] head- 
ing of. Evangelistic Work, on the " Orniinizaiii.n 
and Administration of Mission i hurehes." 



Ecumenical Missionary Conference Program. 

T1IF, main meetings will be held in Carnegie Hall, 
New York city, the first one being on the aftcr- 
OOODOl kpiOSL Benjamin Harrison will preside, 
The Rev. Dr. Jodm Smith. Dm BeewUry Of the 
American Board and Chair mM of the General ■ torn- 
iniii'-''. «i!i give an addresi H wolooniei and there 

will he !■■ s| tie in behalf of the British, German, 

. and one representing Iho 

missionaries of all the Boards. The Rev. S I.. U.dd- 

win, D.D., the Secretary of Hie General Committee, 

U* report Prentdenl MeKlnlerwia 

also make an address at the reception to be held in 
the evening, and then will be other addresses of 
welcum* in behalf of Ihe State and Hie city. 

tin Sun. I, iv I rniiiorily of the pulpits of On Kv.in- 
gclloal Churches in New York ami its vicinity will be 
filled by delegates to Ihe Conference. 

The business meetings will begin on Monday 
morning with three addresses in Carnegie Hal! on 
tbo Authority ami Purpose of Foreign '■' 

■ 
Aim. The speakers will be P reaMenl Augnstai B. 
Strong, of the Rochester Theological Seminar) : .1, 
Hudson Taylor, Superintend' 'tit ot t lie China In kind 

Mission . Robert E. Sneer, Beoretary or the Foreign 

iloanl ol Missions ol the Presbyterian Chnreh, and 
the Bar, I >\\ Tamne Btanrwt, of Africa, a missionary 
of the Free church of Scotland. 

In ihu iitiiriMinii there will be ten poction.it im-et- 
logs, when these fields will be considered : (!) Japan ; 
■.:i , : . Eons, liurmii, Bkn; i4 EndiB,Cey- 
j. Australia, Oceania, Hawaii, Phil- 
ippines; (8) Mohammedan Lands, ('«} Turkey, {}•) 
.,. (d) AnbUv [e] Kgypt ; [T) Africa; 

(81 South America, Central America, West Indii-s. 
Haste) ; £9) North America, Greenland ; (10) lie- 
brews in all lauds. Special addresses will be given by 
misaiouarles from different fields io several evening 
sessions, and in other meetings aa there is opportu- 
nity. 

On Tuesday will commence the distinctive work of 
Ihe Conference— tho discussion of the great and 
practical questions arising in tin- conduct of Mission 
work. Tho evangelistic work will lead In Ihe morn- 
ing iri-ii'-riil session and several afternoon sectional 
meettngs, while alternate meetings will present 
phases of Woman's Work and the problems con- 
nected with Hie organization and character ot Ihe 
Missionary Staff. 

Wednesday will be Educational Day, similarly ar- 
ranged to provide for the discussion of Higher Edu- 
cation. the training of teachers. Industrial education, 
training of the blind, deaf mulct, etc. At the mm 
time a secllonal meeting will consider the wider 



192 



/.'•/■or/ of Uia J&umenieal <'o„f,r-nn.. 



relation of Missions to Science, Uiwuivry, [lipln- 
niacy, etc 

PniimlBI is •■specially set apart for Woman's 
Work, hi its different phases; but side by side with 
their ill- ! 1 1 igs there will be . >lhi r .- fur the discussion 
at tbi peal >juc»tiun of Comity unit Cooperation in 
the conduct of Mission work by different socieiics, 
with a vlow tn prevent collision and waste ill dupli- 
cating effort. 

OB i'li'kiy ill' dominant MptO will be the develop- 
ment In tup native churches of tlifttnelf emppoB MM 
MlfrdtnaUu prtthooi watafa tti.-ir i» tiu u i it'in-y ami 

U-st growth are difficult, if nut impossible. At the 
samellme the organisation of Mission Bosnia wt!l be 
considered, with an afternoon meeting devoted to 
industrial iialnln 

S.itunluv "ill In' V-iiiiiL- l'i'"]i|i''> l>ny, mid llii 
topics will be Hie present missionary movement 
umiiRe students, I lit- needs nf tin! future ministry, 
the peculiar obligation of the present generation. 
l'ur-.ill.'l will, these will be tbe millMllllflilll of the 
i|iii'slluii* presented by the non-Christian religions 
and l lie aiwlogetlc problems of missions. 

On Mnii. lay Medical Missions will OODn to the 
front, Bible version!- iind the need of a Christian 
literature us the Iwisis fur ihc normal tlevclopiiicnl 
of a Christian community. 

Tuesday, the closing day, llie Home Church will 

lie [lie BJiP'iinl tuple ; llie reticle itlllliellee mi llielll of 

nttaatona; On penm of the pastor, etc. Also Bible 

Sneiei i. ■:.. n i i- -inn :i ri philanthropy, and kindred sub- 
jects. 

The meeting* outlined above will be largely tech- 
nical and confined to the mornings nn<1 afternoons. 
The evening meetings will be more popular in char- 
acter and include addresses by well-known and effee- 
live spcukfrs, iiiisihuiiiries, piistiirs, iind hitmen .1 
il<e I'uited States ntnl Canada and Great Britain. 
The overflow meetings will be held In hulls and 
churches near Carnegie Hall. 



Report of the Ecumenical Conference, 

THAT the need of all may be met and that the 
substantial value of the Conference may be 
preserved for future consideration, the Executive 
Committee have decided to publish a report under 
I he title: 



This report will l)e published in two volumes. 
ii ii"!-"ii" :i prided and bound. The material will 
bt e.. i' lull) prepared and Milted, so as to exclude 
nothing essential, and include nothing nonessential, 
and will lie in three parts. I. The Story of the 
Conference — its origin, CondtMt, lad personnel. II, 
Contributions of the Conference— Papers, Addresses, 
and Discussions. III. Appendix, Including, (11 
list of Foreign Missionary Societies with official ad- 
dresses ; (iilihe Organization and Roll of tbe Confer- 
ence ; (3) a Summary of Missionary Statistics ; (4) 
Seleeu-il bibliography ; and (B) an Index. 

This report should be in the hands uf every |iastor 
and every missionary worker, and in tbe library of 



ever)' Church, Sunday school, noil i hriMlau Eu- 
or Soelety. It wilt cast a flood of light OB the 
problem of Missions, and it will bear testimony lo 
lower of the liospel to unllfl fallen humanity 
and establish Christian mxsh ry. 

That the volumes may be within the reach of all, 
the retail price has been tljed at e~J.5t). Persons sub- 
scribing before May 1 will, however, receive them for 
e"J. Send word at once to the i'libliealioo Comniit- 
Eeumcnicnl Missionary Con fen m ■ 
Fiflh Avenue, New Vork city. 



Methodist Episcopal Ohurcb, South. 

B. W. ];. I.AMIil ill. Senior Missionary Secre- 
' niry, returned to Nashville Jam. 
after an absence of six months in .lupin 
Korea, lie brought with him lv.n i :, 
aged -i vcnteeri and twenty yean. They are grand- 
sons of I.i Hung Chang, and nephews of the ex- 
Chancellor of i be Imperial UnlvettfQr, mw tutm 

■ if the emperor. They are BO* sliidyiiiir under .i 

private teacher, and later expect to enter Vander- 

lillt liiivcrsily. 

The ilrst huiiuuI mart I tig of the ' I 
in.- held in KaUMuuis.Culiu., January ill ami February 

i, 1900, Blibap Cainiiei- prcaMtng, Tha itotlatta 
reported T missionaries, 11 preaching places, 3 

Sunday schools, With 57-J scholars, (lay achools. 
With 286 ■oholars. The total collected on the Held. 
Including Twentieth Century Fund, was K.TES. Ri- 
curdu Eliiari, an ex-prieat and a former lieutenant 
colonel In the Cuban Army, waa received on trial. 

A line Int for a church has been purchased at 
Matanias, and a church building is to b> HwMit i l 
by June. It is propoaod that a college for young 
men be established in Matanzos, and one for young 
women in Havana. i'He fi>llo« ini: ivere tin: appoint- 
ments: I). W. farter. Bapsrlatesdent; 

g as — a 6. N. Macltomtell, 1. F. Urn-redo, T. I, 
Lehiinl; UotiHtat—U. IV. Baker, A. i ib.M.r: 
Cienjurgot— H. W. Fenny, one to I* suppli. ,l | total 
Clara— TV. E. SeweU, Rtcaido Elizari ; W^,,,,., ,/,- 
Ciilm—H. B. Surueiliau, one to be supplied. 

The China Mission recommends the correlation of 

the mission schools int le coin pact system, (he u- 

tablishnient of Suciiow I' nh ersity as the central In- 
stitution of Ihe system; tbe election of a Board of 
Trustees on the uround consisting of nine mission 
urles ; the election of an Advisory Board in the 
I'uited State*, which shall include three of the 
bishops; (he incorporation of the University under 
an act of the Legislature "i 'he State of Tennessee, 
with Chinees, English, Engineering, Theological, 
Medical, and Law Departments. The foregoing cor- 
i em plates the union of the Anglo-Chinese College In 
Shanghai and the Anglo-Chinese College In Suctcw 
int e Institution— an academy of high grade be- 
ing rctnlucd at Shanghai lo meet the demands at that 
point, to which will be added a commercial depart- 
ment which will enlarge Its sphere of usefulness, 
am! strengthen Its hold upon the business coin- 
munitv. 



GOSPEL IN ALL LANDS. 



MAY, 1900. 



OUR EDUCATIONAL WORK IN FUEBLA, MEXICO. 



I.'Y Hi:V. FRANCIS *. BOSTON, II. L>. 



QCEBLA U the capital of the slate of the 

8. Itie 7,100 feet ftbOVB B6B 

' 1st of Mexico 
city, nnd 207 
miles from 
the port of 

In full 
Ytew from 

the city are 
(he eternally 

SIlOlV-l'OV- 

ered peaks 

of the volca- 
noes of Po- 
pocatepetl, 
"Tha Brook- 
ing M'HUl- 

taecihuatl, 

or "The 

Woman in 

. and Orizaba, 1 -r " The Star of Day." 

Puebla is one of the prettiest, ns it i* one 

aaeat cities of Mexico. It la 

■d, as was Athens, for its great reUgious- 

Aj I lately Indicated, in a number of 

-.;■• Converted Catholic, yon eon gain ten 

.irs of indulgences by repeating 

"Lord's Prayer," 

flii "Hail Mary," five 

a certain 

s in the atrium of 

the church ofS 

r tenia. 
iroa founded 
April 1C, IE3I, or twelve 

■ ■,'■ conquest 
f Mexico '■■■■ ' 

«ud just eighty- nine 

■ ■ the Pit- 
. landed m Ply- 
. 

It was first known by 
.me of Quet- 
■r "River 
[["in the 



bar "f tofmam lived 

along the banks of the little river that 
crosses the city, aa they do to this day. 
The Spaniards afterward named If'Puebta 
delos Angeles," or City of the Angels, bom 
the tradition that the angels assisted It) Un- 
building of the magnificent cathedral. 

The coat of arms of Puehta represents 
ting in the erection of the cathe- 
dra! towei -. 

Fur three hundred and fifty yen 
bore the angelic name, but was for the third 
time racbxhrtfined, when, in honor of the 
great victory of General ZaragoaaoTBT the 
French, May 5, 1802, the enthusiastic i.ii- 
erals gave it its present official name of 
Puvblade Zarogozn, or "City of Zarugoza." 

A> baa been hinted, it. has always been the 
great stronghold of Humanism in Mexico, 
But in the good providence of God there 
came a day when the pore Gospel of the Sou 
of God found an entrance here. 

Protestantism drew its first uncertain 
breath In Paebla,when, In the year IMS, 
Hie first evangelical services were held by 
ili" Bev, Arcadia Morales, of the Presby- 
terian Mission. That meeting was attacked 
by a mob of frenzied fanatics, and the few 
Protestants barely escaped with their lives. 




l'.'-l 



Our Educational Work >n Pvebla. Mexico. 



There were but eight Protestants and over 
three thousand fanatics. A storm of wind 
and rain put the mob to flight ! 

The work of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church in Pueblu began in tin.- year 1878, 
when Dr. William Butler, of sacred memory, 
established an orphanage here. During the 
last twenty-five years we have had our 
trials and our triumphs. We have had our 
heroes and our heroines, and God will crown 
them all at that last day. 

Our work in Puebla began in a part of the 
old Inquisition buildings, from the thk'k 
walla of which Wfl 
dug out several 
skeletons of people 
who had possibly 
been walled up alive. 
Our present property 
here was once a con- 
vent for nuns, and 
when Prof. L. T. 
Town send, of Bos- 
ton, was here, ten 
years ago, ho dug up 
the bones of babies 
from beneath the 
roots of a giant tree 
in our school yard 

We have in Puebla 
to-day a HexfosD 
Methodist Institute, 
where all branches 
are taught, from the 
primary department 
to the theological, 
and a normal school 
for girls, whore tho 
very latent and best 
systems of instruc- »>sa limbehgek 

tion are pursued. 

The former school is under the able super- 
intendence of Rev. W. S. Spencer, and the 
latter ha3 for its devoted and very able lead- 
ers the Misses Limbcrger and Purdy. 

Both si'hooU have been full during the 
past year, and we are constantly receiving 
applications for admission from some of the 
leading families of the city. 

From the first It has been the aim of those 
In charge of our educational work in Puebla 
to give the best possible courses of instruc- 
tion, and all such efforts have been more 
than Justified by the records of the great 
majority of young men and women who 
have gone out from us to be teachers and 



preaehen within the bounds of our Con! 
enee. 
On November hut in oetebrated 

twenty-fifth anniversary of the estubft 
inent of our Mexican Methodist Instil 
It was a memorable occasion, at which « 
present some of the must ili-i 
our graduates in the persons of Revs. J. I 
Eurozn, the only living member of the B 
theological class, P. T. Yaldcrrama. "V. 
Baez, A. Cabrera, G. Sherwell, V. Mendt 
and others. 
r.*8tyear Rev. W.S. Spencer, i!:' 

was provMi.inially 
enabled to inaugu- 
rate a new electric- 
light plant ■ 
in all details, that 
furnishes light 
both our schools a 
the church. 
new libra*; 
and m 
much -need I'd 

1-iiUfllS Jim] :i.l.lili. 

to the dormitories 

As before 
we use the latest a 
best modes or n 
Ing, and our i 
books are in Spanish, 
English, and French. 
Our boys and girls, 



all te< 



to 



twenty yea] 
are easily the equals 
in scholarship and 
general Intelligence 
of their American 
cousins of that age, 
uoa mi-- iTHUY. and are their un- 

doubted superiors In 
music, drawing, penmanship, and the 
use of language. It would be a surprise 
and a revelation to those who read thi- 
if they could see and hear the work done 
by some of our Mexican Indian bojB and 
girls In the lines indicated. 

Professors A. Cabrera and A. Rojas, who 
have charge respectively of the scientific and 
literary departments of our Institute, could 
easily command high positions in the schools 
of the government, and at better salaries. 
Professor Cabrera goes for the second 
time as our lay delegate to General Conf 
encc. Prof. G. Manning has charge of 
musical department, and is very capable. 



afar- 

I 



Our Educational Work in Pu>Ma, Mexico. 



195 



In n'garil to thR theological department, 
I have had charge tor the past 
three years, it will be enough to say that the 
,'ii:i li,i- been to make the Students familiar 
with ail the great doctrines of the Church, 
and to arouse in them a love of study and 
research by the use of the best approved 
test-books now in uso in tho leading theo- 
logical schools of our Church at home. 
Allowed I, we have endeavored to make good 
preachers out of our boys, in the best use of 
that common and, at times, abused term. 
We have no reason to be ashamed of tho 
■ A this department of our work. 

We have 600 pupils in our two schools 
here, and could easily have l,ooo if we bud 
room for their accommodation. We are 
gaining an entrance Into the hearts and 



education, their Protestantism, and their 
loyalty to the Gospel of Jesus Christ will be 
of great weight. 

Many of them will form homes of their 
own, Methodist homes, and all such *ill be, 
and are, light and life-giving centers all 
over this land. 

It is a hard, prosaic, and altogether un- 
romantic work— this educational work in 
foreign mission fields. It is not at all times 
an inspiring task for those engaged. There 
are many discouraging features, many trials 
and cures and crosses, and at times the flesh 
is very weak. But as in all other mission 
fields so inPuebla, wo are certain that our 
labor is not in vain. Wo are sowing the 
land with good seed in the shape of educated 
and dedicated Christian men and women. 




homes of this fanatical city by mea; 
schools more than by any other method, and 
last year was tho best In the history of both 
the boys' and the girls' school. 

The religious life of tho students is cared 
for by means of chapel exercises daily, four 
Ep worth Leagues, weekly prayer meetings, 
Sunday services, and Sabbath school, and 
personal work among the students on the 
part of the teachers, which is really tho beet 
method of all. There are but few of our 
students who are not professed Christians. 
i year by year our young men and 
l go out to take their places in the 
) duties of life, they go as powerful 
1 persuasive factors in the redemption of 
n Catholic Mexico. Many of them go 
wk to Soman Catholic homes, where their 




and no seed sowing more glorious could oc- 
cupy the time and intelligence of any herald 
i of the cross anywhere. 

Already wo are seeing many precious re- 
sults, and we are sure that if all who have 
contributed to this work could see, as God 
doos, its present and prospective influence, 
they would thank God with us, and take 
fresh courage. 
Puebla, March 14, 1900. 

Kiwdijom ot Peace ! whose music clear 

Swept through J mien's starlit skies, 
Still the harsh sounds ol human strife 

Break ou thy heavenly harmonies. 
Yet shall thy song of triumph ring 

In full accord, from land to land, 
And men with angels learn to sing : 

"Behold, the kingdom Is at hand I" 






(106) 

EIGIITY-TIIREE YEARS OF AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY WORK. 

1816-1899. 

BY EDWARD W. OILMAN, D.D., 

Secretary of tlie American Bible Society. 

IT is a good thing to have an object la i which had been devoutly rend in the horn 
view. The American Bible Society has of English-speaking people for more t 
one; very simple, very definite, very easily two centuries, and had remained amid i 
understood. Its aim for eighty-three years changes ot civil government, of ecelcs 
has been "to encourage a wider distribution ' astieal polity and practice, and of doctrim 
of the Holy Scriptures." Starting with the : belief ; and that book they undertook I 
postulate that the Bible isabookof such In- j circulate. While perhaps no one claimed 



trinsic worth that 
tt ought to he 
f ound e ve ry w h e re , 
it devotes nil its 
energies to pro- 
mote that result. 
When famine pre- 
vails in a country, 
the thing of prime 
importance is to 
a end cargoes of 
corn and potatoes 
—details of grind- 
ing and baking 
may be attended 
to when the raw 
supply is at hand. 
So if the book is 
to be used for pri- 
vate devotion, for 
individual Instruc- 
tion, for public en- 
lightenment, for 
the furtherance of 
the kingdom, the 
thing firstnocding 

attention is an iimwbd* 

ample supply of 

the Inspired volume, making it easy to be 
procured in every community, by every 
family, In every school ; so that whoever 
will, be he rich or poor, wise or simple, 
may have access to the Old and the New 
Testament in "the tongue wherein he was 

The aim of the Society Is still more ex- 
actly defined. 8o far as the English lan- 
guage i3 concerned Its work is limited to 
"the version in common use," and its Issues 
of the Scriptures in every languago aro to be 
" without note or comment." 

Its founders avoided, and wisely avoided, 
the task of amending and Improving the 
Authorized Version. They found a book 




that it was abso- 
lnt.'ly perfect, it 
was accepted bj 
all denominations, 
and against its dis- 
tribution no valid 
objection could !* 
raised. At the fa- 
mous Hampton 
Court conference 
in ltiOi, the Bishop 
or London said. 
"If every man's 
humor should be 
followed, there 
would he no end of 
translating." 

And so from 1611 
until now, one gen- 
eration after 
another has tried 
its hand in revis- 
ing, amending, 
improving the 
work of King 
James' translators; 
now In the way of 
abridgment, now 
of rearrangement, now to better the phrase- 
ology, and now to change the rendering; 
sometimes under the Inspiration of denomi- 
national zeal, and again In the interest of 
exact scholarship. Archaisms have been 
pointed out; errors of translation detected; 
the underlying test is proven to be Inexact 
and faulty. It appears that the translators— 
profoundly learned men in their day— did 
not appreciate all the niceties of Greek 
grammar or understand the genius of He- 
brew poetry. Hundreds of men since their 
day, wise and unwise, conspicuous and ob- 
scure, have attempted to correct their er- 
rors, or to substitute better versions of the 
Bible, and the end is not yet. 




Eighty-thru: Year 9 of American Bible Society Work. 



197 



No one can look with indifference on such 
efforts. Individual members of the Bible 
Boatoty bare been forward to promote so 
,i.--; ti il.]i- [in end. The Company of Ameri- 
can Revisers held all their meetings, from 
d, at the Bible House, and six of 
the most faithful and eminent of their nun 
ber were members of the Bible Society 
Committee on Versions. But the Society 
itself has had other and engrossing work t<> 
do, and the failure thus far of every attempt 
Bo attain the high ideal of a perfect English 
version is a vindication of the practical wis- 
dom which incorporated in the constitution 
in IS1C the provision that "the only copies 
in the English language to be circulated by 
the Society shall be of the version in com- 
mon use." 

Wtthoct Notes. 

No less Important was the restriction 
which forbade the Society to accompany its 
editions of the Scriptures with notes and 
eonments. A book like the Bible is sure to 
find commentators without number. It had 
been so before the year 1S1U, when the names 
Of Scott, Matthew Henry, and Adam Clarke 
were familiar household words. There has 
been n<> lack since that date. The mention 
Of raeh names as Barnes, Bush, Alexander, 
Jacobus, Lange, the Speaker's Cominen- 
tan, Q»e Butler Bible Work, assures us that 
of making commentaries there is no end. 
The notes of the Genevan divines— " most 
profitable annotations upon all the hard 
places," as they were called in 1560— re- 
tained a measure or popularity for a hun- 
dred years, but tbey did not then, and 
■DOM not now, meet with universal accept- 
ance, and it was King James's dislike of 
them that led him to direct that the new ver- 
sion which he was consenting to inaugurate 
should be free from note or comment. 

But parents, teachers, pastors, scholars, 
OdltOTfl, Mie all the time doing their best to 
lnin^. >ut the real significance- of this won- 
derful book; with different interpretation*. 
it may be ; from antagonistic points of view ; 
with novel expositions; with all the help of 
modem scholarship; with new light from 
the study of manuscripts and monuments ; 
vith better understanding of what the origi- 
nal Scriptures meant to those who first re- 
wived them ; and with large appreciation of 
the book, as designed not for one race or 
one century, but for every man and for all 
time. 

Wherever the book goes, in whatever 



tongue it is printed, helps will be wanted in 
the way of concordances, glossaries, dic- 
tionaries, commentaries, for the better un- 
derstanding of that which is obscure and 
the practical enforcement of that which is 
plain, and such helps will be provided as 
often as the demand arises. The editor of 
the OOngregaHonaRBt writes "Bible Studies" 
for his paper, and forthwith they are trans- 
lated into Hindustani, and then printed ina 
newspaper at Bareilly, and reproduced in 
book form at Lucknow. 

But from such work the Bible Boelety 
stands aloof, not casting a shadow of cen- 
sure on any effort to make the dark things 
plain, not attempting to discriminate be- 
tween the opposing doctrines which men 
may deduce from the same inspired chap- 
ter; but holding firmly to the position that 
while there may be doubtful interpretations 
set forth by different schools, and different 
theories as to the way tin; Scriptures are to bo 
used, it will not for a moment be questioned 
that all Protestant denominations, at least, 
will agree In circulating that English text of 
phrase and diction which is so imbedded in 
English literature and life, which has had so 
much to do in molding the oharaotef "t 
Anglo-Saxon people from the days of Tyu- 
dale and Coverdale, and which has held its 
place so tenaciously since lcil. 

So the aim of the Society has been not to 
Interpret, but to circulate; not to explain, 
but (o distribute; to provide the Scriptures— 
and the Scriptures alone— in the largest 
variety and at the lowest prices, leaving it 
to other agencies to unfold the meaning and 
to apply the truth for building up of char- 
acter, the reformation of life, the promulga- 
tion of doctrine, and the establishment of 
righteousness in the earth. 

There were at the outset some persons 
who would have been more ready to lend 
their countenance to the Society bad it been 
willing to include in its issues prayer books 
and metrical versions of the PBaUna, In 
the early English Bibles these aids to wor- 
ship were usually bound within the same 
covers as the Holy Scriptures. But the 
principle according to which the prepara- 
tion of explanatory notes was relegated to 
other agencies easily determined this ques- 
as well, and cleared the way for one 
single, definite aim: the wider circulation 
of the Holy Scriptures, wtBunti note or com- 
ment, throughout our land and throughout 
the aortd. 



198 



Eighty-three Years of American Bibfo Society Work. 



Commendations. 

It would be superfluous to quote in this 
connection any testimony to the importance 
of this object from those whose antecedents 
assure us of their prompt assent and hearty 
cooperation; but for some who would de- 
preciate the importance of the Society's work, 
it is opportune to hold up to view the senti- 
ments of representative men who are not gen- 
erally regarded as supporters of the cause. 

Said Professor Huxley to Dr. Xorthrup, in 
reply to the question, "What is your opinion 
about the value of the Bible in education? " 
"I hold to the Bible as a great educator. It 
is an unquestioned fact that for the last three 
centuries this book has been woven into all 
that is best and noblest in English literature 
and history." 

In literature ; and so Hall Caine acknowl- 
edges his indebtedness to the Book of 
books : '* Whatever strong situations I have 
in my tales are not of my creation, but 
are taken from the Bible." Now it is the 
prodigal son, now Esau and Jacob, now 
Saul and Samuel, and now David and Uriah. 

Matthew Arnold recognizes the convin- 
cing power of detached phrases : " It is as- 
tonishing how a Bible sentence clinches and 
sums up an argument." 

We hail it also as a sign of the times 
when a prelate, so eminent in his com- 
munion as Cardinal Gibbons, takes a posi- 
tion at variance with the universal practice 
of his denomination and pronounces a dis- 
course In his cathedral church at Baltimore 
in which with argument and illustration he 
enforces "the sacred duty of hearing and 
reading the word of God." Nor can we for- 
get the pastoral letter promulgated by the 
third Plenary Council held in Baltimore in 
1884, in which bishops and archbishops de- 
clare "that the most highly valued treasure 
of every family library, and that most fre- 
quently and lovingly made use of, should be 
the Holy Scriptures." 

Two hundred and fifty years ago a famous 
assembly of divines at Westminster formu- 
lated a truth in a sentence which we do well 
to remember : " The Scriptures principally 
teach what man is to believe concerning 
God and what duty God requires of man;" 
and herein we find reason for pressing on 
with this work of distribution. 

The Society's Work. 

Starting with this aim, consider what has 
been the work of the American Bible Society, 



and in what direction its results are to be 
seen. 

At its organization in 1816 it had before it 
what seemed an ample field in providing for 
the wants of our own land, though its 
founders, even at that day, when foreign 
mission work was in its infancy, declared 
their purpose to make the influence of the 
Society felt in other lands, whether Chris- 
tian, Mohammedan, or pagan. They chose 
the word " American," as they said, " to in- 
dicate, not the restriction of their labor, but 
the source of its emanation." 

So long as the colonists were subject to 
Great Britain all their supplies of Scriptures 
were imported, and not until 1782 was the 
! first English Bible printed on this side of 
the ocean— a small 18mo book, in producing 
which the publisher lost the sum of £3,000 
in specie - a book so rare that a copy has 
been sold in modern days for 8(550. From 
1 171)0 onward many editions were brought 
out by publishers in Philadelphia, New 
York, Boston, Trenton, Worcester, and else- 
where ; which, however, were inadequate for 
the wants of our growing republic, compris- 
ing in 1816 eighteen States, with a population 
of 8,000,000. 

The founders might have felt appalled 
had they anticipated such results as the 
doubling of the area of the country in 
eighty years; the acquisition of immense 
regions like Texas, California, and Alaska ; 
a more than eightfold increase of popula- 
tion ; a vast influx of foreign immigrants ; 
and the addition of 27 States to the 18 then 
on the roll— this area to be traversed by 
men sent out to circulate the Holy Scrip- 
tures; these families, whether in crowded 
towns, or in remote hamlets, or in mountain 
solitudes, to have the word of life offered to 
them; these communities to be supplied 
with the one book from which in church 
r^ssemblies, in Sunday schools, in neigh- 
borhood prayer meetings, and in private 
houses, they might certainly learn of truth 
and duty. 

The receipts of the Society during its first 
year were $37,779, and its issues 6,410 vol- 
umes ; in the year closing March 31, 1899, the 
receipts were $370,064.33, and its issues ex- 
ceeded one and one third millions ; its total 
issues in eighty-three years being nearly 
66,000,000 volumes. 

Such results as are tabulated in the 
Annual Reports of the Society are due to a 
variety of causes, among which may be 



Eighty-three Years of American Bible Society Work. 199 

mentioned the large cooperation of pbilan- ! sooner identified with the people of this 
thropists throughout the land, especially as \ great republic. 

organized in auxiliary societies for the For the army and the navy ; for seamen on 
maintenance of county depositories of ( lakes, rivers, and oceans ; for hospitals, asy- 
Bibles and the supply of local needs ; the lums, penitentiaries, and charitable institu- 
munificent bequests of noble-minded men ' tions ; for immigrants at their ports of land- 
and women who loved the kingdom of God, ing on the Atlantic or the Pacific coast ; for 
and sought to promote its welfare after their f reedmen coming out of bondage and dark- 
lives on earth were ended ; the hosts of peo- ness into a new world of citizenship ami of 
pic desirous to enroll their names and the literature ; for missionary work throughout 
names of their children as members for life i the land ; considerate regard has always 
of an organization so directly related to the been had, first, by providing the Scriptures 
■well-being of the country and of mankind, in the most needed varieties and at the low- 
and the words of approbation and benedic- est price ; and second, by generous grants 
tion spoken by ecclesiastical bodies of every in such amounts as the resources of the So- 
name. ciety have enabled it to make. 

Its Methods. j Furthermore, under the conviction that 

With a single object in view, the methods extraordinary means are needed to search 
of work pursued have been as flexible as out the destitute and ignoraut who know 
the varying conditions of life have re- nothing of the Bible and have no means of 
quired. ! finding and obtaining the Scriptures, the So- 

It has been a cardinal principle to get the i ciety, with the efficient aid of its auxiliaries 
Scriptures into the hands of the people at as and friends in all the States and Territories, 
low a price as possible. So, while securing has again and again carried out the colossal 
the best possible workmanship and material, undertaking of canvassing the entire coun- 
the books have been sold at uniform prices . try, with the aim of visiting every family, 
throughout the land and without regard to especially the most forlorn and the most 
profit, all societies being allowed and en- ' bigoted, and offering to supply parents and 
couraged to buy the Scriptures at cost, and children with the Scriptures at the lowest 
provision being made for the supply in ex- price, and with the understanding that no 
ceptional cases at prices below the cost. "A family which desires the Bible shall be left 
wider circulation, ,, not increased returns, ; unprovided because of inability to pay for 
has been the aim. So by grants in aid, by . it. 

concessions in price, by allowance of credit, J Of course, considering sectarian prej- 
local societies by the thousand have been udiees and infidel hatred, it was not to be 
encouraged to keep on sale in small quanti- ' expected that the Bible, even under these 
ties supplies of books, where heads of fami- circumstances, would make its way into ail 
lies, pastors, teachers, and others could ob- , habitations ; but it is gratifying to note, as 
tain what they needed for their own uses or the result of two of these costly and pro- 
to give away. tracted efforts, that the entire number of 

Special consideration has been given to j families reported to be visited was 11,764,416, 
various classes of men. Provision has been ( and that out of 1,299,150 of these which were 
made for the blind by books in embossed found destitute of the Bible, 850,061 were 
type, to be read by the finger tips alone. ' supplied by sale or gift, and 598,924 persons 
For American Indians, as a temporary pro- 1 besides. 

vision, the Scriptures have been printed in These widely extended explorations have 
Dakota, Cherokee, Muskokee, and other ; been followed by an offer to supply Sunday 
tongues, that the sons of the forest might \ school scholars with Bibles of their own at 
not fail of the life to come through igno- special rates, and probably 500,000 have thus 



ranee of the language which must sooner or 
later take the place of aboriginal dialects. 
For families of immigrants special editions 
have been printed, containing in parallel 
columns French, German, Italian, and other 



become owners of the book since 1891. 

Foreign Lands. 

The work of the American Bible Society 
has also extended to other lands. It has 



languages with the English, that they might circulated the Holy Scriptures in nearly one 
more easily acquire a knowledge of the ! hundred of the different forms of speech 
speech of their foster land, and become the I which our race has inherited from the men 



200 



Eighty-three Years of American Bible Society Work. 



who projected the tower on the plain of 
Shinar. It has its agents in eleven capital 
cities. Missionaries of every name are 
found among its correspondents and co- 
workers. It had last year its regiment of 
nearly four hundred and fifty men engaged 
at its expense as distributers of the Bible 
in foreign lands. More than one half of its 
issues annually go into the hands of pagan, 
Mohammedan, or nominally Christian peo- 
ple outside of the United States. Not less 
than 323,978 of them were sold in China 
alone in I8iw, and about six and one half 
million volumes in the various dialects of 
that empire have been printed during the 
last fifty-three years. 

Results. 

But as for ultimate results, what mind 
but that of omniscience can trace them ? 
What pen can record them ? While duty is 
ours, results are from God, who giveth the 
increase. 

After weeks of drought a copious rain 
conies down to fill the rills and streams and 
saturate the parched soil. Men speak of it 
as worth millions of dollars in reviving the 
verdure of forest and field, in quenching 
the thirst of man and beast, in starting the 
wheels of industry, in averting disaster and 
death— all this wrought by drops of water 
falling upon the earth and passing out of 
view. 

So the Scriptures go forth to men with 
their benediction, and the whole human 
family is blessed. Men learn what they 
ought to believe concerning God, and what 
duty God requires of them. Morality, re- 
ligion, faith, hope, love, alms-giving, phi- 
lanthropy, patriotism, revive and flourish, 
and God in Christ has praise from human 
lips. Vice, crime, hatred, idolatry, pro- 
fanity, wantonness, drunkenness aro done 
away, giving place to noble thoughts and 
self-sacrifice for the common good. God's 
book enlightens the heart, and through the 
truth which it reveals men are regenerated 
and made heirs of heaven. 

The rain is of little avail without the sun ; 
and rain and sun together will not secure 
a harvest unless seed be sown; and all 
together are useless unless there be certain 
constituents of fertility in the soil ; and so 
in the providence of God many things must 
"work together;" but he honors his own 
book by giving it special power, and those 
who have access to it become wise. 



The Society has poured out the water on 
the thirsty ground; has held forth the 
word of life ; has proclaimed the Gospel of 
Christ. 

Illustrations. 9 

These general statements might be con- 
firmed by many specific cases. Let us ad- 
duce some evidence of the blessing brought 
to mankind through the circulation of the 
Bible. Dr. Farnsworth, of Ca>sarea, in the 
Afiit*i07ianj Herald (March, 1896), describes 
the condition of churches in the Orient sixty 
years ago : 

44 The missionaries found in Turkey a 
number of churches, such as the Greek, the 
Armenian, the Jacobite, the Coptic, and 
others, claiming to be Christian and to take 
the word of God as their sure foundation. 
But that word, whatever it might have been 
to them in ages past, has ceased to be a 
fountain of instruction ; had, in fact, become 
to the common people nothing more nor less 
than a fetich. It did not exist in the ver- 
nacular of any portion of the people. It 
was, indeed, read in their churches, but not 
understood. The reading was a form which 
it was supposed might have some mysteri- 
ous influence. The book was held up for 
the worshiper to kiss as he passed out of the 
church. So far from being in common use 
was it that it was considered a sin for an un- 
ordained man to take it into his hands. The 
first work of the missionary was to translate 
the sacred Scriptures into the vernacular of 
the several different nationalities. This has 
been accomplished. The greatness and im- 
portance of this work can hardly be over- 
estimated. It may be remembered that this 
land is not far from Babel. The word 
is now found in 27 different languages 
and characters, including even Koordish. 
In the meantime a complete change of senti- 
ment has been wrought in the minds of all 
the people as to the use of the Scriptures. 
So far from believing it a sin to take the 
lx>ok into their hands, they now believe it to 
be their duty to have it, to study it, and to 
make it the guide of their lives. Despite 
all political changes, despite all opposition, 
here is this book, in all these different lan- 
guages, and here is the change of sentiment, 
and great must be the result, both temporal 
and spiritual, in future ages as well as in the 
present time." 

The contrast appears also in a statement 
from another honored missionary in the same 
part of the world. Dr. Barton writes : "After 



Men Needed in City Mission Fields. 201 



my experience in the mission field I feel I No long time elapsed before a report came 
more strongly than ever before the impor- \ that there had been some marvelous con- 
tance of Bible distribution. I have seen in versions in that neighborhood, and when 
my own experience so many cases where the Society's agent visited the place two 
the word of God has been the nucleus ! years later he found that about a hundred 
around which has gathered a congregation, persons had been converted, thirty of whom 
and which has resulted in a Christian Sun- , were lineal descendants of one man. The 
day school, a day school, and a church, ; character of the whole community had been 
that I have the greatest faith in the word i changed. The people were still illiterate, 
itself." but their profanity and ribaldry had given 

In our own land we have escaped mani- place to the language of prayer and song. 
fold disasters because the Bible has always ^ Many of them could not read, but they had 
been an open book. Half a century ago the heard the truth and obeyed it. Said one of 
voice of a prophet proclaimed in our me- them, "I love to have it in the house, 
tropoiis that " barbarism was the first dan- ■ whether we can read it or not. That'x the 
ger of the republic." If the peril has been little book we're trying to go by non\" And 
averted, it has been through the Bible, and ! another said, "Every time they read out of 
through those who have used the Bible both that little book it makes me cry, and I can't 
for defense and attack. help it." Who can tell, who can imagine, 

Some forty-five years ago, a colporter of i what that community would have been had 
this Society, having made his way to a wild, it gone on for fifty years longer without the 
mountainous district in one of the central Holy Bible. 

states, found a community remarkable for I This is but a single case, but it describes 
ignorance and ir religion. The patriarch was in brief the work of the Bible Society ami 
a man ninety years old, who had settled its results ; its work, to encourage the wider 
there thirty years before, and had had distribution of the Holy Scriptures without 
eighteen children, most of whom had grown . note or comment in our country ami in 
up and had large families, but were unable other lands ; and its results : men and women 
to read a word. One son, sixty-two years of : converted ; families rescued from degrada- 
age, had nine children, none of whom could tion ; children nurtured in an atmosphere of 
read, and all but two were married. A purity and brotherly love; neighborhoods 
grandson had eight children, all grown up 1 freed from pollution and vice; communities 
in the same manner. This colporter sup- j exempted from the cost of providing for 
plied every family with the Bible, and told criminals and paupers; and the nation made 
them as best he could the good news of sal- more prosperous and happy, 
vation, taught them to pray, and passed on. ; New York City. 



MEN NEEDED IN CITY MISSION FIELDS. 

BY REV. A. F. SCHAUFFLER, D.D. 

FlBST : Men who love their Lord su- \ is ready to be unknown to the world, and, if 
premely. Emphasis on the word "su- , need be, bury himself in some East Side, or 
premely." This bars out at once all who South End, and there live and work till he 
are seeking for a living, and who prefer that drops. That kind of man will accomplish 
living in the city, for various reasons. There something, and that kind of man is sorely 
are such men, and many of them. It bars needed in every large city. 



out all who want City Mission work as a 
stepping-stone to "something better." It 



Second: Men who love their Bible in- 
tensely. If this book is from God, then it 



bars out all who have gone into the ministry stands in a position that no other book 
because there they found the "easiest line | stands in. In the Bible the minister finds 
of cleavage " to self-support and respecta- . his credentials, and his orders from the 
bility. King, whose ambassador he is. To preach 

In fact, no man should ever go into City | on Hall Caine, or any of the modern novels, 
Mission work, unless he is inwardly pressed is to put dishonor on the word, for it is 
to do so, and unless he is willing to live and equivalent to admitting that to-day we find 
die in it. He must so love his Lord that he I nothing in the word that is of equal impor- 



202 Men Needed in City Mission Fields. 

tance. An intense love for the book will I activity, but little progress. In the com- 
result in a deep study of that book. j plex state of modern life there are multi- 

This in turn will shape the whole min- j tudes of details that must be taken into ac- 
istry of a man. He never need fear that he ' count before we reach the best results with 
will become unfruitful. It is of far more ' the least waste of energy, 
importance that a minister know his Bible , The tendency of all City Mission work is 
well, than that he know all that is said about j toward the Institutional Church, which 
" Criticism " of any kind. The people need ministers to the threefold nature of man. 
the word, and the history of nineteen centu- I Body, mind, and spirit call for attention. So 
ries shows that when that is given to them, there are gymnasiums, outing clubs, drill 
they are blessed, and no amount of mere exercises for the body; reading rooms and 
culture or philosophy will raise men from , libraries, kindergartens, classes of all kinds 
* the dead level of their sins. God's word, for the mind ; and in addition to all these, 
blessed by God's Spirit, does that, and noth- there are the spiritual services of the church 
ing else does. The man who can truly say, and Sunday school. 

" Thy word is sweeter to my taste than Leaders in these various departments of 
honey," is the man who will preach with activity are liable to collide, for each one 
power. wants to press for the recognition of his 

Third: Men who love their fellow-men dc- ' own special line of activity. All of them 
voted ly. There are many men in the min- want " more time " and " greater facili- 
• istrywho love books much more than they ties," and if the leader of them all is not 
love men. To leave a book (sometimes even thoroughly competent, he will soon have 
a novel), in order to pay visits among their things in such a tangle as will give him 
people, is to such a man a sore cross. Pas- brain fever. The secular will soon outrun 
toral visiting is to them quite a bore, and the spiritual and choke the life out of it un- 
they seem to dislike to give the needful time less it is watched with ceaseless vigilance, 
to listening to the wants and woes of those This the intelligent leader will avoid, and 
in trouble. The root of the difficulty is that I he will so teach all his workers the relative 
they do not love their fellow-men, and take : importance of things, that they will consent 
a deep and sincere interest in that which to follow his lead, and cooperate with him 
interests them. The result is that the for the general good of all. But this means 
people soon learn that the missionary is not that the missionary must be much more than 
in sympathy with them, and they let him a preacher. He must bo a man of affairs 
severely alone. and know how to put others to work, and 

I know a missionary who will willingly keep them at it, as well as keep them in 
sit up all night with a drunkard, when lie is : their right places. 

meeting a crisis in his life, so as to help him A prominent minister of the Congrega- 
flght the battle out victoriously. I know tional body was once asked as he was com- 
another who gave up his Thanksgiving plaining of overwork: 

dinner with friends, so as to take an inebri- " "Why do you not have an assistant min- 
ate to dine with him, as he knew that that ister, such as your people have offered 
day would be one of peculiar temptation to you ? " His only reply was : 
his struggling friend. ■ " What would I do with him ? " 

Such love as this will tell in the work of a ! At such a reply one stands aghast, and 
city missionary, and there is nothing that I feels like exclaiming : "Tell it not in Gath, 
will take its place. If the people get the idea and publish it not in the streets of Askalon," 
that the worker has come to " study inter- i lest the world laugh at our lack of intelli- 
esting experiments " in sociology, or civic \ gence. 

problems, or anything but their own eternal It is seen that second-class men are not 
interests, they will let him alone, and his wanted in the City Mission field. For the 
work for their uplifting will be a failure. fact is that to carry a City Mission work to- 

Fourth: Men who can lead in the work large success, calls for more variety of talent 
intelligently. Thero are too many already at than to do the same with a church on the 
work whose ideas do not go further than , avenue. Great preaching power will do the 
that they must try "to do good." But un- ! former, to a considerable degree, but it 
less there is a very definite idea as to how to takes much more than this to do it down 
do the good aimed at, there will be much ! town.— N. Y. Observer. 



(203) 
REVIEW OP TWELVE YEARS OF OUR INDIA MISSIONS. 

BY BISHOP J. M. THOBUBN, D.D., LL.D. 
[Extracts from an address read before the Central Conference in India in February, 1900.] 

IF spared a few months longer, I shall ' men, and where large numbers are thus in 
have completed twelve years of service as ! very deed made living disciples of the living 
superintendent of our missions in southern , Christ, they will inevitably rise as a people. 
Asia. For reasons well understood by you The despised Christians of the year 1900 
all, it may be taken for granted that the will, if genuinely converted, become the 
General Conference will not again ask me founders of Christian communities which 
to assume alone a responsibility which is will stand at the head of society in the year 
manifestly beyond my strength. Whatever 2000. But it is not for position in society 
changes may or may not be made, I assume that we must labor. We must as mes'sen- 
without question that I am about to lay ■ gers of Christ give him and his salvation to 
down, in part at least, a burden which was the people who are willing to receive our 
beyond the strength of any one man at the message, and trust the result with God. 
outset, and which has been steadily increas- , _ 

Ing ever since. | Increase or Indian Workers. 

It is not probable that the peculiar coudi- Another hopeful feature of the work in 

tions which have prevailed during these these twelve yeans has been the rapid 

twelve years will be repeated, and it may increase of our native Christian workers, 

even bo that this brief period will take its ■ especially those from the lower ranks of 

place in the history of our Mission as, in a society. In admitting large numbers of our 

manner,a preparatory episode, during which j preachers to the privilege of ordination to 

we have learned many invaluable lessons, ' the ministry, we have taken another step in 

and in some measure at least, it may be ! tlu - direction of a still wider expansion of 

hoped, have learned how to adjust ourselves our work among the common people. In 

to the stupendous task which will confront some eases we have not been sufficiently 

us in the early years of the new century. : 8 uait led in our course, and both in the ad- 

During these twelve years we have taken mission of candidates to baptism and the 

advanced ground in several important par- ordination of preachers, we have no doubt 

ticulars. ! over and over again made serious mistakes. 

„, _ w ^ ^ „ litis better, however, a thousand times that 

The Poor Ewe ™e Gospel Preached Ukto wo ghould havo to frankly admi( . and ncord 

n , , " , m „ , such mistakes, than that we should through 

In the first place, in a much fuller and ' i .^ 4 *• • n # 

F"*^> ■" « *«"y* iuuci uuu long years wait in comparative idleness for 



broader sense than previously, we have 



the appearance of better candidates who aro 



learned how to become messengers of God never likel to come We havo bccn loaru . 

to the poor As a general rule it has been , andj j rejoico to learnlng succegs . 

observed that wherever we are willing to fu „ Vj that wc must take Christianity, with 

carry tho Gospel message to the poor and all ' tho ordinancc3 and app ii ancc3 whlch be . 

depressed classes God has set before us L to - t tQ tno , e Jn d fa , th and 

an open door to the hearts of the people. gi ve them a Christian Church with wide-open 



It is true, of course, that from tho first 
planting of our Mission in India we have 
given more or less attention to tho poor 
as well as to the higher classes, but it has 
only been in recent years that we havo 



doors and with common privileges free to 
all believers. 

Making Full Proof of Their Ministry. 

A third advanced step during these twelve 
realized in a fuller measure that we have a years has been in the promotion of Indian 
special obligation and a special mission to preachers to the position of presiding elders. 
those who are in a large measure despised A first step, it is true, had been made in this 
by the children of this world. direction more than twelve years ago, but 

In accepting this mission we have not ! the policy has been not only continued, but 
only received God's blessing, but in all j extended, and although here, as in other 
probability have been building more wisely particulars, wo have been obliged to record 
than we knew. In every age the presence some failures and mistakes, yet on the 
of a living Christ in a believing heart soon ' whole the experiment has been more than 
begins to lift its possessor in the esteem of satisfactory. It has to a very large extent 



204 Review of Twelve Years of Our India Missions. 

t 

inspired our preachers and people with a new our Christians during these twelve years. We 

.sense of their personal responsibility and cannot place too high an estimate upon the 

trust. In adopting this policy thus far we enthusiasm which has in many places been 

have undoubtedly taken an important step developed in the hearts of the people, es- 

toward a wider sphere of labor, and a very pecially when we remember how utterly 

much larger measure of success than we wanting any such manifestations were in the 

have before known. earlier years of our work. Enthusiasm is 

Tonmroui. Expansion. alm ° st x a nccessi ty to successful Christian 

ri .„ . . work. In our earlier years in India nearlv 

Still another encouraging feature of our M manitcsttttions of that enthusiasm which 

work may be noted which has largely tie- nmke 8ueewwf ul Chriljtlon work possible 

vcloped during these twelve years. Our were want i n ,f 

work has greatly expanded, in two senses NoW w ^, yast uudiencc9 profoundly 

of the won . rwelve years ago we had 8t|mHl w , th ( , ro , fc &s ^ 

just secured the reluctant consent of the ..... °, . ° , 

\ T , . ~ ._ . ., , .. „ join m singing songs of praise, and espe 

Missionary Committee to the adoption of . „ , . . . . . Wl n 1 *i 

J . . ,,. * cialiy when singing what might be called the 

our new mission at Singapore. Aow wc n . . \. » *i • 1 

_ r . . , r . • i- ^ Christian war songs of the coming crusades 

have the Malaysia Mission Conference, , . , . , . T ,. . ^ . . „** 

, . , . • x ,, which are to bring India to Christ. The an- 

which in many respects is exceptionally , , " , , , , 44 r,,, 

;. *. , i , , ^i t \ nouncement of the noble hvmn, "The 

prosperous, and have just added the distant . ,. , . . , , . ,, . * «, . . . 

^u-i- • t i i * 4.1 • n t *i morning light is breaking," is sufficient to 

Philippine Islands to this Conference, there- .. ., , ° . # . ,. . 

\\. A . .. A . . . ' A . stir the hearts of vast congregations, who 

by adding two additional languages to the . , 4l .. ., ., A , 

J . & .1.1 take up the song as if they saw the final 

more than twenty tongues in which our . . { * *i • * * * 11 

, J h . . ~. . A ~ triumph of their master from afar, and by 

workers have been preaching Christ. On . .., , . . ., , , ... . . 

* . & , , ,. faith were bringing it before their near vision, 

the extreme northwest we have reached the «, .... ,. . , ,. .4.1 , 

- _ _ A1 _ it _ We are still living and working in the dav 

distant city of Quetta; on the north we . „„ wl n i.u:„^, °^„,^„«„*«,. rt i„ i.„«. *u ' 
/. ^ ,, ! „ m .. . -, of small things, comparatively, but these 

are knocking at the doors of Tibet and , ^^ of ^ and of lncreaai , ife and 

Ijepal, while «n the .remote wildsof the Upper g th ^^ w ^ durlng the blief 

Godavery a new field has been canned out lod now clorf wo lmve been accumu . 

among a people hitherto wholly neglected. nipn n and n&l nmterial 

But when I speak of the expansion of our , . ? ... .. , ti t *i 

: * : " x -t ; which will prove of invaluable service in the 

work I do not refer so much to our occu- , >nrlv W|l „ of the coming centmy. 

pancy of dutant places as b> the somewhat ^ j ^ brfof fld j nm of 

extraordinary expansion which has taken the rtunlt whk . h it gives nle of „. 

place within our interior boundaries. All / , ^ . ?,. .. „ «. _ 

*, ,^i . _ ^ T ,. i>ressing mv deep sense of obligation to my 

through Northern and Western India our . . \ ,/ , . . ° „ A . 1 

P . 1 . . 1 .. missionary brethren and sisters, and Jn no 

preachers have penetrated to towns and vil- , , fc x4.i n « «„ # ^ *:„ A 

J , , * ,. , . less degree to the noble company of native 

lages where twelve years ago we did not ^^ who , mve f(lithfully 8U ppo rt ed me 

even dream of going. So eager and ardent (lurIng thew cwntful t, velve ycars . Wbat . 

did many of our preachers become that in mwuiiw of success j have ^^^ to 

time it became necessary gently to curb achiovc i9 owinf? to thom alone ,and it isout 

their zeal, and insist on more completely . . . 9 „ n> rtP „ <. .„, u^^. ^0* t «^ 

. _ . ' . . . . , , . or this fullness of a grateful heart that I in- 

indoctrinating lie convei-ta received before ^^ ^^ ^^^ blps8 , u thpm Qne 

assuming additional obligations. It is easy ftnd a , now ^ cvormorC- 

of course, to point out many enx>re, some of 

them of a painful nature, into which some 

tf , t # 11 1 :i , :«« " Hesckfukth " mv walk and life below 

of our workers have fallen while pressing -n 10 power of Christ must clearly show ; 

forward in this manner among ignorant and No more in vanity of mind, 

superstitious people. Our failures have been : 1Jut to G « r " W|U m >' win W8 1?^ 4 . 1M1 . # 

very manv, and vet the general result is- 

one for which we Vannot sufficiently thank i ^X to me ™r chS*^^ 

God. In the future we may well hope that . Instead of sdf, God's blessed will 

our mistakes will be fewer and our success ' M >' onl >' purpose to fulfil. 

even greater. 



Tin: Christian Commixity DtrvELOPrxo. 



—2 Cor. 5. 15. 



" Henceforth " his work on earth I share, 
And help his kingdom to prepare, 



T .. , ^ , __ a4 i„i ^ M ^i^ n ! By eat chin 1? men from sin's .dread strife 

I mention only one more hopeful develop- T £ 8hure tne ble88lng of h is life. 

ment which has appeared in the character of —St. Luke 6. 10. 



(205) 

HINDRANCES WITHIN THE CHURCH TO MISSIONARY PROGRESS. 

ONE hindrance is the failure of many j power of reclaiming the lost dies out of tho 
within the Church to keep before , Church, it ceases to be the Church. It may 
them the chief end of the Christian remain a useful institution, though it is 
Church. To keep this end in view, it is most likely to become an immoral and mis- 
necessary to turn a deaf ear to many chievous one. Where that power remains, 
contradictory voices, and to hark back there, whatever is wanting, it may still bo 
to Christ, the one authoritative voice, said, * The tabernacle of God is with men.'" 
Immediately before the withdrawal of Large numbers within the Church, wholly 
his visible presence, our Lord charged indifferent to this the Church's chief end, 
with a weighty charge, to the end of forms one great hindrance to missionary 
time, his newly constituted Church ; and ; progress. 

this was the charge: "Thus it behooved A second hindrance is the failure of many 
Christ to suffer, and to rise from the within the Church to realize that the chief 
dead tho third day : and that repentance and end of the Church can only be accnmpU#hed 
remission of sins should be preached in by the member* composing the Church. Tho 
his name among all nations.'* "Go ye Church is no abstraction, but consists of 
therefore, and make disciples of all na- 'men and women who profess attachment to 
tions, baptizing them into the name of the Lord. If they, or a portion of them, are 
the Father and of the Son and of the passive in respect to the chief end of the 
Holy Ghost: teaching them to observe Church, to that extent the Church fails in 
all things whatsoever I commanded you.'' her mission. There we have one of tho 
"But tarry ye in the city of Jerusalem, greatest hindrances to missionary progress, 
until ye be endued with power from on Ail confess, in a general way, that every 
high." And they did tarry; "and they man ought to attempt to save the lost; but 
were all with one accord in one place \ while all confess, large numbers do not 
. . . and they were all filled with the Holy , have the duty brought home to them with 
Ghost." ; the power of a burning conviction, and 

The Church, thus created by our Lord, i therefore it remains, at least in their case, 
and endowed by his Spirit, is set apart undischarged. No doubt the loss to them- 
t-> a definite and well-defined work. That selves is great ; but think of the loss to his 
work is to make God known ; not so much Church ! The harvest wasting because of 
to instruct, or to educate, or to refine, as to the lack of reapers, and yet so many stand- 
convert, to sanctify, to make meu, in heart ing all the day idle! The many professing 
and life, like Christ; not so much toes- to have the spirit of Christ, and yet wanting 
tablish a common worship, a common fel- in its chief characteristic— looking abroad 
lowship, and a common helpfulness, as to with compassion on the shepherdless hea- 
spivad abroad in every land the knowledge then millions ! 



of his forgiving and redeeming love. 
That being so, the Church is not so much 



Nevertheless, the duty of bringing them 
to Christ is binding on all who profess his 



an educational institution as a soul-saving name. Why name ourselves after him if wo 
society. This is its distinguishing char- do not the things which he has left for us to 
acteristic*; the element of all elements, which do ? To his people he has intrusted this work ; 
separates it, with a broad separation, from none other he asks, none other he expects, 
every other society under heaven. There- j to do it. It may be said, "Innumerable 
fore Christians meeting from week to week duties are explicitly condemned and in- 
for common worship, culture, and stimulus, ■ numerable sins are explicitly enforced in 
and yet neglecting to seek the chief end of , the New Testament, but the duty of entrcat- 
thc Church, write themselves outside the ing those who have not yet believed in 
Christian Church. They throw away the , Christ to believe in him is not enforced, and 
main article of its constitution. "Chris- the sin of neglecting to do it is not con- 
tianity would sacrifice its divinity, if it'demned." The answer is obvious. "That 



abandoned its missionary character and be- 
came a mere educational institution. Surely 



we ought to do our utmost to save men 
from sin and eternal death cannot be de- 



this article of conversion is tho article of a ; nied ; but if we attempt to save them only bc- 
standing or a falling Church. When the ! cause we ought, we shall most certainly fail. 



206 Hindrances Within the Church to Missionary Progress. 



a 



It was not in response to the imperious I with both, could be the righteous and holy 
call of duty that the Son of God descended ' God. 

from the height of his celestial majesty to j Again : " There is enough truth in heathen 
rescue men from eternal perdition, but at , religions to sustain the souls of the wor- 
the impulse of irrepressible love. He was shipers, and to prepare them for larger 



moved not by conscience, but by compas- 
sion. And we too, whether ministers or 



discoveries of God when these discoveries 
are made either here or hereafter "—as if 



unofficial members of the Church, if we are heathen religions sustained and strength- 
to preach the Gospel as Christ preached it, ened lofty, moral, and spiritual ideas, and — 
we must preach, not because we ought, but like the Hebrew religion — fitted in to a larger 
becau.se we must. It must become intbler- : conception of God, revealed in the Gospel of 
able to us that the people about us, the his Son ; as if the religion and condition of 
men with whom we transact business, our the heathen generally did not witness to the 
friends, our neighbors, should ' be alienated ' opposite. 

from the life of God* in this world, and' Again: "The heathen, being ignorant of 
should miss eternal glory in the world to the Gospel, sin without blame, and will have 
come. We must be impressed with the another chance in the world beyond" — as if 
strong and vehement love for men which the heathen affirmed that they sin without 
made Christ endure the cross, and, despis- excuse ; as if men, through the abuse of 
ing the shame 'for the joy that was set be- even the little light enjoyed, may not miss 
fore him, of rescuing them from the pain of the greatness and glory to which they have 
eternal death.' It is only by having ere- been called. 

ated, by the Holy Spirit, within every mem- These and the like views are silently doing 
ber of the Church, ' the mind of Christ,' that their work, hindeiing but not helping the 
every member comes to see that the chief Church in her great mission of evangelizing 
business of the Church is his chief business, the world. " The heathen are in the hands 
and then each will make it his chief busi- of a just and merciful God, but so are we; 
ness, not because he ought but because and what will be the sentence of his justice 
he must, in order to satisfy a consuming against us, if we refuse to send them the 
passion in them for the salvation of man." | Gospel which he has intrusted to our hands 

A third hindrance is the failure of large for them? And will not the fires of his in- 
numbers within the Church clearly to ap- finite mercy turn to fires of fierce indigna- 
preheml hotc greatly men everywhere weil tion, if we make his very love for them the 
the Go.<pel Ideas which were once outside excuse for our neglect, 
the Church are in our day finding a place "They are here, within our reach, mil- 
within the Church, and are doing not a little lions upon millions of them, many weary 
to modify its sense, if not of the necessity, yet ; with sorrow and suffering, and it is in our 
of the urgency of missions to heathen peo- power to give them divine consolation ; 
pies. These ideas may not be very openly many of them in thoso heathen lands 
expressed, nevertheless they are there, crushed with a sense of sin, and we know of 
working in the mind, restraining the efforts, God's infinite mercy; many of them feeling 
and dampening the enthusiasm of many for ' after God in the darkness, if happily they 
the missionary enterprise. And while they may find him, and we have to tell them if 
may not have actually taken possession of they are seeking God it is because God is 
large numbers, the people know of their seeking them. They are men, whatever 
presence, and even the knowledge of their their future may be. 

floating about, however vague and unde- " It is worth while for them to know here 
fined, has an influence- an influence not of the infinite love of the Son of God that 
stimulating but paralyzing. j moved him to stoop from the height of his 

It is said, " God has made as many re- ! glory, and with impatient mercy to come 
ligions as skins ; let us leave every man to and to seek thoso who had erred and gone 
his own, and trust the Great Father to astray? Is it worth while for them to 
welcome all "—as if God, notwithstanding listen, as you and I have listened, to the 



the incarnation and death of Christ, was 
equally pleased with the immoral rites of 
heathen worship and the pure acts of Chris- 
tian devotion ; as if the God, equally pleased 



parable of the prodigal son ? Is it worth 
while for them to be invited, as you and I 
have been invited, to be guests of the Lord 
Jesus Christ at his table— his friends and 



The Pastor and Missions. 



207 



his brethren? Does God care to have the 
heathen know in this world all that you 
know about himself? Whatever your 
speculations may be about the possibilities 
of the infinite and future, is not the heart of 
God yearning to have his children home 
soon ? Does he want to wait for them until 
they have exhausted the years of this mortal 
life ? Is not his heart touched with the in- 
difference of their hearts to himself? We 
have not to do with great impersonal 
spiritual laws, we have to do with a person 
of immeasurable love. He is longing to see 
the heathen at his feet; and to satisfy the 
heart of God, here and now, by bringing 
them there, should be the earnest and pas- 
sionate desire of every true and loyal serv- 
ant of his." i 



Such are some of the hindrances within 
the Church to missionary progress. How 
are they to be removed? We must begin 
each with himself. We cannot evangelize 
the world unless we ourselves have been 
evangelized. Those alone are interested, 
active, and enthusiastic in this work whose 
hearts are freed from guilt, purged from 
sin, and made to overflow with love and 
praise. To be endowed with power from on 
high is to have all hindrances removed, and 
to be ever praying with a deep and intense 
earnestness : •' God be merciful unto us, and 
bless us ; and cause his face to shine upon 
us ; that thy way may be known upon earth, 
thy saving health among all nations" (Psa. 
fi7. 1, 2>. —liar. George Smart, in Missionary 
Record. 



THE PASTOR AND MISSIONS. 



WITHOUT the pastor to lead in all mis- 
sionary education, to urge the cause 
of missions from the pulpit and in the social 
meetings, to plan methods of systematic 
giving, little is ordinarily accomplished. 
Hence it is that missionary leaders have 
come to say that the whole question of re- 
trenchment or extension on missionary lields 
depends u[>on the pastors. The statement 
ought not to be true, but it is true. There 
ought to be in every strong church laymen 
and devoted women who would carry on the 
the education of the people in knowledge 
and in giving even in the absence of pastoral 
activity ; and there are women who do this 
chiefly in the interest of the special societies 
in which they are so deeply interested. But 
the general missionary societies, home and 
foreign, of the denomination must for the 
present look to the pastors to lead in the 
maintenance of that steady interest which 
alone can produce steady giving. It is im- 
portant, therefore, to consider whether the 
missionary sermons of the average pulpit 
are best adapted to meet this need. 

First, as to the frequency of such sermons. 
There are churches which do not hear gen- 
uine missionary sermons even once a year. 
At the time of the annual offerings for home 
and foreign missions, if they be taken at all, 
the pastor gives ten minutes before or after 
the sermon to the matter, stating the 
amount of the Society's debt and the need of 
a liberal contribution. For the rest of the 
year the subject of missions is left chiefly to 



the women. This is not an exaggeration of 
the condition existing in hundreds of 
churches all over our land. These churches 
nearly always send some contribution for 
missions, because they have in them earnest 
souls that give without being urged. 

But assuming that the pastor does make 
it a rule to preach at least one or two mis- 
sionary sermons in the course of the year, 
how shall he go about it? What is a mis- 
sionary sermon ? It is a sermon designed 
to arouse the interest and move the wills of 
Christian people to do their part in support- 
ing the missionary enterprise. Its purpose 
is not by any means the mere raising of 
money, for missions may be advanced by 
the sympathy and prayer as well as by the 
funds of the Church; but sympathy and 
prayer that are not accompanied by material 
contributions are open to suspicion. We 
are not sure but such a sermon should l)e 
entirely separated from any appeal for 
funds. 

The missionary sermon should aim at the 
development of the missionary spirit rather 
than at the enticement of dollars from men's 
pockets by some appeal to sentiment or 
prejudice. This principle at once determines 
certain characteristics that the true mission- 
ary sermon must possess. It must bo pre- 
pared and preached with the pastor's full 
measure of ability; not perfunctorily and 
slightingly, as a disagreeable task that must 
be got through with somehow. It must be 
biblical in its substructure, and not merely 



208 The Pastor and Missions. 



by virtue of a motto text. It must bo based , " The pioneer missionaries of this State." 
on an intelligent knowledge of missions, not " Beginning at Jerusalem.'' " The working 
merely as they were seventy years ago, or of the leaven." "Patriotism that pays "— 
twenty years ago, but as they are to-day. two kinds, one kind that expeets to h** paid 
The sermon must have a subject more spe- for services to the world, another that is 
cific than simply "missions." It must aim ' willing to pay for the advancement of the 
at something and hit it. \ nation. " God's war taxes." " Cooperation 

of missionary forces." 



Missionary Skrmoxs. 



For foreign missionary sermons these are 



How shall the preacher prepare a mission- a few of the subjects that might bo treated 
ary sermon? There arc three steps, as by a progressive, industrious pastor: "Is 
there are in the preparation of any sermon the heroic age in missions past?" "A 
— information, industry, inspiration. The famine that endures "—the spiritual famine 
order does not matter. One man will begin of heathendom, as compared with the pres- 
with a considerable fund of miscellaneous ent famine in India. "Does 'all the na- 
missionary information in his mind or tions ' (Matt. 28. 19) include the Congo peo- 
among his clippings and periodicals, which pie?" "Our mission school abroad." "A 
must be gathered and arranged by industry nation in a day." "Plain tales from the 
and then made effective by the inspiration hills " — alluding to Kipling's stories about 
that conies from prayer ami meditation, the British in India, the low type of moral- 
Another will have plenty of interest and en- ity, the crass selfishness and egotism ; con- 
thusiasm, but little information. Of the trast some other " tales from the hills " — 
three requisites wo do not hesitate to say missions in the hills of Assam, for example; 
that the one most often deficit is industry. ! the true, Christlike bearing of " the white 

Pastors who expect to spend hours of man's burden " in uplifting native races, 
earnest labor on a passage, with lexicons " Foreign missions not an optional enter- 
and com men taries and the latest exegetical prise." "Crises in missions." "The dig- 
aids, before they are ready to write an or- ' nity of the missionary's calling." "Exiles 
dinary sermon, sometimes seem to think for Christ's sake." "Who is to blame for 
that a missionary sermon can be thrown to- retrenchment ?" "Comity in missions." 
gether in an afternoon ; pieced together out "Some living heroes." " Missions and civ- 
of former discourses and antiquated books, ilization." "Open doors." "The Gospel a 
with perhaps a few statistics, and a five- universal message." "How much ought 
minute peroration on our mission as a this church to give for foreign missions ? " 
" world-power," bringing in Dewey and the ' " Is the Gospel reaching the educated 
stars and stripes. j classes— of India, Burma, China, Japan ? " 

No missionary sermon, or any other ser- ; " The religious future of Japan." "The 
mon worth listening to, can be made without machinery of missions " — organization, cost 
work. If the pastor be a reader of the best of administration, etc. " Missions the main 
missionary literature throughout the year, business of the Church." "Religious unity 
with some system for preserving the results i —shall we approach it through modification 
of his reading, the labor of selecting and ar- of views or cooperation in evangelization ? " 
ranging for a sermon will be much lessened. | " Missions and war." " Nineteen centuries 
If not, he must expect to spend time search- of beginnings." " Can missions fail? " 
ing the pages of books and magazines fori Such topics as these will require facts as 
pertinent illustrations of the principles well as theories to make into good sermons, 
which he intends to enforce. In any case, Missionary reports, books, cyclopedias, pe- 
everything must bear on a definite topic, riodicals, and the denominational papers 
and irrelevant matter be rigidly excluded. ' must be searched. Maps must be consulted. 

Such topics as the following may be sug- Statistics must be studied. In matters 
gested for missionary sermons. For home touching the finances of missions it will be 
missions : "Is the littlo country church wise to use caution lest wrong inferences be 
worth saving?" "What becomes of a ' drawn. The denominational "per capita" 
young man that goes to the city ? " " For- illustration should be very sparingly used, 
eign missions at home "—a sermon on the ! if at all; it is not worth much, 
foreign-born populations. " What home i If the pastor has the courage to get down 
missions have done for the middle West." \ to local conditions, ascertain the number of 



The Pastor's Interest Essential in Missions. 209 



members of his own church who give to times done in the case of State missions. A 

missions : their per capita contribution will missionary sermon that emphasizes specitic 

be worth something; and the number of facts and principles, and seeks to secure a 

noneontributors will have value. Definite- specific result, will not be likely to fail of 

n ess is the secret of power. We are inclined divine blessing and rich fruition. Similar 

to think it would bo a good thing in many treatment of other denominational causes 

churches for the pastor, after securing the will readily suggest itself to pastors who 

approval of his officials, to namo an amount have made use of the material of the sort 

which the church should and could raise for we have ventured to describe.— The Stand- 

foreign and home missions, just as is some- anl. 



THE PASTOR'S INTEREST ESSENTIAL IN MISSIONS. 

FOR the success of collections for missions \ lieve in foreign missions denies his ancestry, 
there is one condition which is abso- his country, and his God." 
lutely essential, Vie Intelligent interest, the' There is one thing certainly every pastor 
enthusiasts cooperation of our puntor*. can do, namely, provide at least once a 
They hold largely the key to success or month, in the mid-week, a missionary meet- 
failure of any plan: it will be like so much ing. I fear in a majority of our churches, 
d«*ad machinery without, their support. As the old ''Missionary Concert," so called, has 
a rule, the interest of the pastor in missions gone. I would not ask for a revival of this 
measures the interest of his church. The exactly, but for a service which shall take 
remark is often made that the ministry docs its place ; a service which shall make a study 
n<»t have the influence it once did. While of missions in the whole world. In our late 
admitting that times have changed, and civil war the heart of the nation was with 
that the pastor is no longer the only edu- the army, for every family had some repre- 
cated man in his parish, yet still he is our sentative "at the front." Our churches 
" pastor and teacher." He is by our side ought to consider our missionaries at home 
in the hour of sorrow; he still marries our and abroad as our representatives "at the 
children and buries our dead. His touch front," and follow them as we did the 
of love still binds us to him, and he mav, if arm v. 

he will, lead his people on to higher and Lay out a whole year's work and assign 
better things. It is for the pastors, by their different portions of the field to different in- 
own enthusiasm, to kindle a passion for dividual? for them to study and report 
missions which shall stir the careless and upon. There is no story more glorious or 
the indifferent, and make all feel that mis- fascinating. Why do all our churches want 
sionary zeal is at once the heart and the life to hear the missionaries ? One reason cer- 
blood of the Church of Christ. tainly is that they have something to say of 
It is to the credit of our ministry that so personal and definite work. Let us make 
many are thoroughly aroused, and are prac- our meetings very definite and practical, 
tieally at work in various ways. A friend with the latest facts. What a place in these 
recently told me of a plan he once followed meetings to study God in history! And the 
of having every Sabbath morning, before man who reads history without this thought 
his sermon, a five-minute prelude on mis- has left out the key. Such a study broadens 
sions, adapted especially to the men of his men. Professor Irving Wood, of Smith 
church. In contrast with this, a pastor re- College, has said : " No subject for study 
cently, who came from another denomina- will give culture more than the study of 
tion, abolished the whole system of our missionary work. Philistinism is provin- 
denominational missionary work, on the cinlism, and nothing opposes provincialism 
ground that these collections cut into the and broadens sympathy as the study of 
money wanted for current expenses. A man missions." 

who has not sufficient interest to make a Change the name of the meeting. Call it 

missionary plan for his church, and a heart " The work of the army at the front," in 

to push it when made, ought not to be set- India, or China, or Alaska, or Puerto Rico, 

tied over a church. To quote from Dr. as the case may be. There will be a new 

McKenzie, " The American who does not be- definiteness and earnestness in our prayer. 



210 



The Outlook in India. 



Our thoughts will follow not the "flag" 
only, but the "cross," without which there 
would never have been a flag worth follow- 
ing. Yes, with a new purpose, we want to- 
gether to plan the work and then work the 

plan. 

And I would press this interest in mis- 
sions upon the pastors of small and feeble 
churches, as of equal importance to them as 
to those settled over stronger churches. 
From experience on Home Missionary 
Boards I know very well the discourage- 
ments in the little communities, and sym- 
pathize with the burdens of the men who 
are placed over the feeble churches. But 
is it not true that one reason for discour- 
agement is the narrowness of their vision V 

It is the home missionary church that 
especially needs the uplift that comes with 
the broader outlook. Even if the gift of the 
little church is but a few dollars, it would 
feel that it was definitely connected with 
the great movements of the age, even to 
the end of the earth. It is a part of the 
great army, and is, therefore, no longer 
small. It has fallen into line, having put on 
the uniform of the king, and is doing service 
in his name. Let the pastors everywhere 
make it known that missions are the busi- 
ness of the Church, and not its pastime, and 
the world will honor the Church as never 
before. 

We glory in the "Student Volunteer 
Movement," and their enthusiasm to be 
sent to the front. Let us kindle a new lire 
in our churches that shall provide the 
money to put these young soldiers, as fast 
as they are ready, out on the fighting line. 



We rejoice in the splendid leadership of so 
many of our pastors in all missionary work; 
and may we not urge upon all the magnifi- 
cent opportunity to be earnest and true in 
this holy war, not only to save America, but 
to cany the Gospel of the Son of God into 
all the earth. 

And what is the motive for all this effort 
to gather more that we may scatter more ? 

It is God's command surely. The Bible 
in the Old Testament and the New clearly 
shows the emphasis that he put upon it. 
Giving was a part of worship. "Ye shall 
not appear before the Lord empty ; every- 
one shall givo as he is able." Again, " Let 
each one of you lay by him in store as he 
may prosper." It is "each" and "every- 
one," and in proportion to ability, in the 
Old Testament and the New alike. The 
Scriptures always lay the emphasis upon 
these two points, universality and ability. 
God apparently keeps his record differently 
from ours; the church treasurer counts 
what he receives ; God, with knowledge of 
our ability, counts what each man has left. 
Giving is a teat of discipleship. 

But the positive command is not the chief 
motive. It is love, the same which brought 
Jesus Christ into the world, " to seek and to 
save that which was lost." Man's need as 
the awful background, and a passionate de- 
sire, in loyalty to the Master, to follow along 
the path he trod, have for nineteen centuries- 
furnished the supreme motive which has 
led men to suffer and to sacrifice in order 
to plant the cross in the darkest corner of 
the world.— S. P. Capen, President of the 
American Board. 



THE OUTLOOK IN INDIA. 



THE nineteenth century is drawing to a 
close, and it is natural to look around 
and draw such conclusions as are possible 
regarding the prospects of Christ's kingdom 
in India Statistics are not available of 
later date than 1890. Hence general im- 
pressions only can be given. 

1. Prevailing notions of Christianity . — At 
the beginning of the century the Hindu 
masses were ignorant of our religion. For 
many years, perhaps for nearly half the cen- 
tury, their idea was that its distinguishing 
characteristics were eating beef and drink- 
ing brandy. With the common people Hin- 
duism is caste, and its preservation depends 



chiefly on careful attention to daily meals. 
Hence they thought that each convert was 
forced to eat beef. The spread of education 
and the wider dissemination of Gospel truth 
are dispelling these crude notions. Every 
advocate of Bam or Krishna or Ganpatti 
feels it necessary now to argue that his 
favorite incarnation is superior to Christ. 
This cannot be done without acknowledging 
the excellence of our Lord's character. 
Again, almost every large village has some 
inhabitants who can read English. Indeed, 
in many parts of the country, scarcely a town 
is to be found that has not among its men 
some who have been taught in mission 



The Outlook in India. 211 



schools and colleges. Hence every year im- hypocrisy and greed among them is noto- 
presses more and more widely upon the rious. There may be bright exceptions, 
Indian mind the truth that Christianity Is however, in the Indian monasteries, as there 
Christ. The missionary, with Paul, cannot were in the monasteries of the Dark Ages, 
but rejoice that even though in many eases But ritualism everywhere cramps the intel- 
it be of "faction," yet, *'in every way, , lect, and frivolous literalism is a common 
whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is failing in the learned. 

proclaimed." I Christian philosophy and Western science 

2. TIte change* which arc taking phuc In • should eventually give a more serious ear- 
Hinchi ism.— Professor Ramsay shows how nestness to the Hindu mind, but the process 
common it became in the second century is very gradual and slow in operation. A 
for the votaries of the Roman cult to appro- few years ago polities absorbed the thoughts 
priate principles from Christianity and main- of prominent Hindus, but there are signs 
tain that they were ancient Roman doctrines, that religious reform is now foiving itself to 
The same thing is to be observed among the front. Innovation of all kinds is shak- 
inodern Hindus. They will assert that the ing the stolid conservatism of the past. The 
Christian doctrines of the divine fatherhood struggle everywhere is f« n* change. Fears 
and human brotherhood and of salvation by may arise that the changes will not always 
grace are essential parts of Hinduism. When be for the better, but faith in an overruling 
they are reminded of the teachings of their Providence gives the hope that the evoiu- 
Shastras on the nature of God, on transmi- 1 ion will, on the whole, be upward. 
gration and Karma (or works », they fail to 3. The c.rjmnslon ##/ missiunarij nj'nrts.— 
recognize the contradiction that exists. The middle of the century was approaching 
There is a strange heterogeneousness in before Engii.-h education was introduced. 
Hinduism, and this reflects itself in recent It was then vigorously taken in hand and 
Hindu writings. They contain the strangest combined with evangelistic teaching all 
medley of ideas, with apparently a most over India, except perhaps in the Punjab 
naive unconsciousness of their conflicting and the Northwest Provinces, where orien- 
nature. This looseness of thought and ab- talism continued to be the order of the day. 
sence of logical acumen constitute a dis- Up to 1*00 
co u raging element in the outlook, especially 

when it is coupled with the general neglect ' Scarcely a Single Brahman 

of reading and independent study. Purohits, . had been converted, and the more numerous 
or family priests, may be seen conning their castes of genuine Hindus had been but very 
limited portions of the Shastras, while they ' slightly affected by the proclamation of the 
pour the sacred water and offer the leaves Gospel. From that time converts from Hin- 
of flowers, but the reading is as mechanical duism proper grew in number and influence, 
as the ritual, and is the mercenary perform- but even to the present day, apart from 
ance of a paid substitute. Taking the coun- English education and its associated evan- 
try at large, one is impressed with a sense gelistie efforts, the millions of caste Hindus 
of the all-pervading have been but imperfectly reached exeept 

by medical missions, which are far-reaching 

in their influence. 



WORLDLINESS OF TIIE PEOPLE. 

Their very worship teems with it. Go to 



The bulk of native Christians in most dis- 



the great temple of Ealighat. The whole tricts belong to the Pariahs, Malas,Chamars, 
scene has an air of greedy merchandise. Santals, and other castes, and tribes which 
The priest must have his fee before he ! are not admitted to Hindu temples and are 
mumbles the consecration of his victim. The reckoned as outcasts and barbarians. Xu- 
templo partner of the day sits openly at the . mcrically these sections form but a small 
receipt of custom. The blacksmith, who portion of the vast population of India. 
strikes off the heads of the animal victims, . English education has, however, taken hold 
must have his perquisite, and the whole of myriads of the Hindus and is forming 
place is beset with vociferous beggars. It 1 them into a great middle class, irrespective 
is true that there are sanyasies, and baira- of their caste, or even of their provincial 
gies (ascetics), who are supposed to have language. But at the same time the native 
renounced the world ; but these men give Christian community sees its opportunity, 
the same impression. The prevalence of i and is entering this middle class in large 



212 The Outlook in India. 



numbers, almost without its being known to to be very encouraging. The outcome in 
what caste or tribe each individual origin- self-support and independent effort has been, 
ally belonged. In most places the missions however, less than might have been ex- 
encourage their converts to learn English, peeted. There are exceptions, of which the 
but in some cases the native Christian has London Missionary Society Bhowanipore 
to raise himself amid much opposition. The Congregational Church, and the Gopalgunge 
Christian who knows English feels himself Mission to the Chaudals of Furrecdpore are 
the member of a great national class, and remarkable examples. But it must not be 
can have fellowship with thousands of co- ! forgotten that the best preachers and evan- 
religionists whose vernacular is different ! gelists are secured by the missionary socie- 
from his own. In some parts, notably in ties, and indigenous efforts cannot usually 
South India, the educated Christian is be- ! obtain prominent workers. The desire for 
corning a formidable rival even of the ! independent enterprises is slowly growing, 
Brahman. and there is much willingness for native 

Forty years ago a most important indirect Christians of different denominations to corn- 
result of English education was that : bine for conference and discussion, though 

perhaps not always to the same extent for 
Zenanas Weke Opened ■ un ited action. A feature of the present time 

to the visits of missionary' ladies. Through is a great multiplication of Sunday schools 
zenana work, as it is called, the most direct ' and of various forms of Christian Endeavor 
and perhaps the most formidable assault among the young. This is a hopeful sign, as 
has been made on the Hinduism of the mid- everything which tends to the nurture of 
die and upper classes. The very poor can- spiritual life among the rising generation 
not carry out the system in its completeness, should be encouraged, and cannot but be 
and they are more accessible in consequence, fruitful of important results. 
Still, even among them, there is great scope In estimating the progress made, the great 
for Gospel work by experienced and trained increase of foreign missionaries and foieign 
women. To carry on satisfactorily mission- societies, and the consequent occupation of 
ary work in the close preserves of the ze- new districts must be taken into account. 

i 

nanas, systematic instruction needs to be It is difficult to tell, without detailed statis- 
given; at first some secular teaching may ties, whether the increase in the districts 
have to be imparted, or needlework taught, which have been long occupied, and where 
along with more direct Christian work, in churches have been in existence for many 
order to obtain regular admittance, though years, has been commensurate with the 
perhaps not invariably so, as in former general numerical growth. The native 
years. But when Christian instruction is ! evangelists, who, under the superintendence 
periodically given, whether along with of foreign missionaries, have done so much 
other subjects or not, whether with fee or ' to break up new ground, have been taken 
without, its influence for Christ is great and j very largely from the older churches, which 
far-reaching in its results. It was never for this reason are not extending the Gospel 
more needed than now, and when combined ' in their immediate neighborhood to the de- 
with evangelistic work among the men, . gree that might perhaps otherwise have 
either by college Bible classes or visitation been expected, but the circumstances are 
or otherwise, it will do much to break down j not without parallel in the apostolic age, and 
that powerful domestic opposition to con- it is difficult to see what other course was 
version which is such a hindrance to the possible. The portions of India not yet 
progress of the Gospel. "When the time ' reached by missionary effort are still so 
comes that this influence is more widely . enormous in extent and vast in population 
felt, and when not solitary young men only \ that this process must go on for many years 
but whole families shall make a profession | to come. If it were to be said that 
of faith in Christ, the knell of Hinduism will 



be sounded. 



One Tenth of the Population 



4. TJte. outlook in the native churche*.— of India had been evangelized, it would 
The numerical increase of the native Chris- ; probably be a great exaggeration, for though 
tian community has been steady, and when ! mission stations are dotted over the map of 
the great obstacles of a social and moral j the country, multitudes have not been 
kind are taken into account may it be said i reached even within a radius of twenty or 



Progress of Protestant Missions in China. 



213 



thirty miles from the stations, or even from , The Brahmas, like the Arya Samaj, profess 
the large cities with their various societies to repudiate idolatry, and yet some of them 
at work. Any outlook which leaves this out now are for having it back, because their 
of account will be sure to be more sanguine system is acknowledged to be unsuitable to 
than truth admits. This must be faced and , the masses. Thus a Brahmo has recently 
realized by the Churches. At the same time said, "To make it popular we must invest 
the analogy of past times and the great ad- it in forms and ceremonies, which, however, 
vances of the last half century should pre- must be wholly idolatrous and harmfca*.'" 
vent any serious discouragement. ! This looks like the counsel of despair. 

5. T/te S<nnaj<>s. — The last fifty years have ; These new sects have* contributed to make 
seen the growth of these movements. The Christ better known, yet it would be a mis- 
Brahma Samaj of Bengal was the first to take to regard them as the nucleus of a 
arise. It has since split into three opposing Christian Church. They may be destructive 
sects. South India started the Yeda Samaj, of some error, but construction and expan- 
and Bombay the Prathana Samaj. Benares sion must come through the conviction and 
gave birth to the Arya Samaj, which is, per- conversion of individuals. The Churches 



haps, the most active, and also the most bit- 
ter in its antagonism to Christianity. The 
Brahmas, having adopted some of the prin- 
ciples of our religion, enjoy some of its ad- 



alone are the natural channels for the spir- 
itual life and power of Christ. Through 
them the lump will be leavened, and the old 
truth still remains true*, that " except a man 



vantages, and have removed further from be born anew he cannot see the kingdom of 
the traditional usages of the land. Their God." 

system has sometimes been called a half- 0. In cum-lusinn t the beginning of the 
wav house. Some converts to our faith tried nineteenth centurv saw the foundations of 
it before they became Christians, and found God's temple marked out in only one or 
it wanting; but the Samajes, as a whole, are two small districts. The beginning of the 
inimical to Christianitv. The tendenev is twentieth centurv sees sections of the walls 
growing among them all to claim affinity rising in all the four quarters of India, 
with Hinduism, and in some cases to main- though the gaps are enormous in every di- 
tain that they alone are its true exponents, reetion. Who can tell how far the discon- 
Time will doubtless show the hoilowness of nected portions will be filled up before 
this Neo-Hinduism, as it did in the case of : another hundred years have passed? The 
Neo-Platonism. building, when finished, will be magnificent : 

Mr. P. C. Mozoomdar, of whom Max Mill- but to be solid and sure it must be deliber- 
ler expects so much, approximates nearest atejy erected. It will have to meet many a 
to Christianity, though, like his fellows, he storm before it is completed, but opposition 
emphatically repudiates the Christian name; may prove to be a blessing in disguise, and 
but he has only a small following, and does make the progress more true and firm. The 
not, properly speaking, belong to the New great Master Architect will not rest, we 
Dispensation, which is the most recent of • are sure, till the topstone has been laid 
the three Bengali Samajes. If he is accused with songs of rejoicing. -Rev. J. P. A*h- 
one day of uttering Christian sentiments, he I ton, in Chronicle of London irinnionary So- 
hastens the next day to explain them away. | ciety. 



PROGRESS OF PROTESTANT MISSIONS IN CHINA. 



THE growing influence of Christianity 
cannot be measured either by the num- 
bers of communicants or inquirers. For 
many years past large numbers of Chris- 
tian men and women have been scattered 
through nearly all the provinces of China, 
making their homes among the Chinese, 
with the avowed object of promulgating 
what is known as the "Jesus Religion." 
Their methods of propagandism— preach- 



ing, conversation, schools, dispensaries, hos- 
pitals, and the circulation of Christian liter- 
ature— only differ slightly. Their knowledge 
of Chinese is necessarily imperfect, and they 
often make grotesque and even serious blun- 
ders. As their methods and mistakes in the 
language are much alike, so, too, are their 
lives. 

The direct part of missionary work need 
scarcely be touched upon. It consists in 



211 Progress of Protestant Missions in China. 

awakening the conscience to a sense of sin Fully Up to the Average 

by the preaching of " righteousness, temper- mark of our churches at home in essential 
ance, and judgment to come It dwe Is knowledge> and above it m pra ctice, spe- 
upon the justice and love of God, on the cially iu propa gandist zeal and liberality- 
atonement of Christ, on that divine father- sociotie8 of men and women> in wMch the 
hood before whose infinite compassions virtueg of purlty> honestVi se if-denial, and 
there is not a stranger, an alien, a foreigner ; charity aro ap p aren t. These converts con- 
on the "one sacrifice fc.r sin once offered;" tribute libcrallv out Q f their poverty to 
and teaches that the purpose of the sacrifice, Christian objoc t s , specially for the advance- 
and of law and Gospel, is that men may live ment of Christianitv in their own countrv, 
"soberly, righteously, and godly in this jin gome K ^ on& contributing six shillings 
present world " in preparation for a stain- 1 per hea(1 per onnum . These christian so- 
less and endless life. It teaches that the , cietJes m C011st antly showing an increasing 
morality of the groat Teacher is but a disposition to help themselves by the build- 
" shadow of good things to come ; " of the ing of ollurph ediflceS) as at Pa oning Fu 

Higher am, Pekffxt Mouality and . «*»**«*. and by contributing the 

I entire support of not a few of their own 
demanded by the divine law, and that the j pas tors 

power outside ourselves, which " makes for " A larg0 number of the9e converts are ear- 
righteousness "and "helps our infirmities," I nert and succcssful propagandists, and the 
is the power of God ; that " God is love," ^ increase in the number of Chris- 




ago the senior missionary told me that out 
abolished death, and brought life and iin- , of betweon ;1>00 o a „d 4,000 converts, he csti- 
mortality to light through his Gospel . j mat(>(1 ^ not mon thfm ^ hftd received 

This, in brief, is the teaching of all Prot- , chrl8tilinitv directly from the European 
cstant missionaries in China to whatever nii8sIonuri ^ and tho same proportion holds 
Church they belong, and, with one or two ; , ^ d tQ tho lnquirers at 

exceptions, all regard baptism as an obliga- tnc >nt date In chc . kiaDg( the pre sent 
tory confession of faith, and as the evidence j Bi . of Vietoria cstima ted the number of 
of a complete break with the beliefs and | convcrta through the work of Chinese as 80 



practices of heathenism. 
Under such teaching 80,noo Chinese in 



per cent of the whole. 
These societies, in the beginning very 



1898 were making a public profession of the , smaU and numbcring from 10 llp to 400 
Christian faith. Many annually lapsc-the members> aro graduaUy 
greater number owing to family influence, 



and difficulties in the abandonment of the 



Crystalizixg into Brotherhoods, 



time and custom-honored social observances with a very strong bond of union and defl- 
connected with idolatry ; some because they J nite aims of their own. They show in a 
find the moral restraints of Christianity too marked degree* the strong Chinese tendency 
hard for them, and others because they t to combination and association, and may l>e 
hoped for worldly advantages which they : regarded *is guilds. At present among the 
failed to obtain. A large number of profess- ' communicants there is a strong desire to 
ing converts are employed by missionaries ' conserve the purity of the churches by a 
as servants, gatekeepers, teachers, printers, j careful exercise of discipline. Members 
translators, and writers, of whose sincerity who fall back into evil ways, as many do, 
it may not always be possible to judge, as are "suspended," and if incorrigible are 
foreign employment is much coveted. j sloughed off, and it certainly would not be 

But after putting these and other dubious possible for such abuses as disgraced the 
converts aside, there remains a largo body Church of Corinth to exist in the infant 



of native Christians, gathered into societies 
which I believe to be. 



churches of China. 
In brief these Christian societies are ear- 



The Outlook in China. 215 



nest in propagandism , zealous for purity . and acting, and in a hundred other ways ; 
and discipline, liberal in their contributions, while a well-instructed Chinese teacher 
desirous for instruction, docile and teach- knows his countrymen and what will ap- 
able, and apparently increasingly anxious peal to them, how to make "points," and 
to translate Christian doctrine into right- how to clinch an argument by a popular 
oous living. These bodies in very many quotation from their own classics. He 
places are slowly exercising an influence in knows their weakness and strength, their 
favor of righteousness, and are thus among devious ways and crooked motives, and 
the many influences which are tending to their unspeakable darkness and supersti- 
undermine the old superstitions. timi, and is not likely to be either too sus- 

If China is to be Christianized, or even picious or too confiding. He presents 
largely leavened by Christianity, it must in- Christianity without the Western flavor. It 
evitably be by native agency under foreign is in the earnest enthusiasm of the* Chinese 
instruction "and guidance. The foreigner re- , converts for the propagation of the faith 
mains a foreigner in his imperfect and often that the great hope of China lies. — ATrs. I*n- 
grotesque use of the language, in his inabil- bella Bird Bixhop, in The Yangtze Valley ami 
ity to comprehend Chinese moiies of thinking , Betjoml. 



THE OUTLOOK IX CHINA. 

BY REV. GEORGE OWEN, OF PEKING. 

rpHE chief obstacles to missionary work in every possible way. Not only was nothing 



J- China have been— 



done to stop the foul stories of immorality, 



1. Ignorance of the Chinese regarding -. kidnapping, and mutilation, but they were 
foreign countries, leading to an overweening , collected and published in 1*89, under oflicial 
pride in their own. j auspices, as one of the volumes of the well- 

2. Hatred of foreigners, and contempt for known work, Tracts for the Time*. 
everything foreign. | By this short-sighted and wicked policy, 

3. Suspicion of missionary motives, and a the government inflamed the minds of the 
widespread belief that they and all foreign- people against foreigners, prevented in- 
-ers are revoltingly immoral and guilty of the quiry, stopped progress., and checked the 
most disgusting practices. spread of the Gospel. But curses, like 

There has been practically no attack on chickens, come home to roost, and the 
the doctrines of Christianity when these Chinese government is paying to-day the 
have been understood. Christianity has heavy penalty of its blindness and wicked- 
been assailed as being foreign, and there- ness. The eui\se fell on the battlelleld. The 
fore hateful to every good Chinese*. Mis- rout of her armies by her despised neighbor 
sionaries have been branded as political Japan, ami her helplessness in the presence 
emissaries paid by their respective govern- of that disaster, mocked her pretentions and 
ments to spy out the land and make ready laid bare her weakness. The whole nation 
for the plunder of China. They are also was shamed and humiliated, 
charged with employing drugs, sorcery, and Then came? the reaction. A powerful re- 
witchcraft to accomplish their unholy pur- form party, mostly composed of scholars 
poses, and with kidnapping children and ' and officials, sprang up over all the land. 
cruelly mutilating them. These foul slan- Aquiet but effective reform propaganda was 
ders have been widely circulated, and have carried on, and won over, not only large 
made the blood of millions curdle with hor- numbers of more or less important persons, 
ror or burn with hate. 'but the emperor himself. The attitude of 

This ignorance of foreign countries and the reform party toward foreigners was 
foreign things has been deliberately fostered ' most friendly, some of them going so far in 
by the Chinese government. Even* ray of their friendliness as to advocate the adop- 
Ught has been carefully shut out, and in- ' Hon of the European dress, so that East and 
quiry frowned down. Private intercourse ! West might be brought closer together. 
with foreigners has exposed a man to sus- 1 They immediately adopted means to dispel 
picion and spoiled his official career. Con- ! the ignorance of their countrymen. Xews- 
terapt and hatred have been encouraged in papers were started by the dozen, rending 



216 The Outlook in China. 



rooms established, and books written, not- , of the emperor's educational schemes, and 
ably, the New Collection of Tracts for the \ closed all private reform schools under 
Twits. . i Chinese control. But the desire to learn 

This change of attitude toward foreigners English and get a Western education re- 
was accompanied by an equally favorable mains, and to meet this desire every mis- 
chaugc toward Christianity. A large de- sionary society should establish a large, 
mand sprang up for Christian books, and ' well-equipped school at each of its principal 
these books were read by thousands who a | stations. Such schools would bear splendid 
few years before would have scorned to read ■, fruit. In a few years the young men trained 
anything Christian. The result of this study in these schools would be occupying posi- 
was a shock of amazement. Far from find- tions of influence all over the empire, 
ing Christianity the vile thing it had been The demand for literature must also be 
represented, they discovered in it nothing met. What a widespread and powerful in- 
butgood. In most eases a revulsion of feel- fluence Christian literature can exert in 
ing followed. Contempt was changed to ad- China was strikingly seen during the recent 
miration. reform movement; and one of the most ur- 

Though the reform movement lias been gent needs of our work in China to-day is 
checked and an attempt made to revive the for a 

old hostility and contempt toward foreign- Lakger and Better Literature. 

ers; the hands of the clock can never be We want a series of well-considered, well- 
turned backward again. Deep down in written books on Christianity in its great 
thousands of hearts to-day there burns a historical, social, moral, and doctrinal as- 
bitter pects. The Chinese are a practical people, 
Sense of National Shame , aiK ] want to know first and foremost what 

and humiliation, and a passionate desire for are the benefits of Christianity to the indi- 
progress. Most of the younger officials and ■ viduai, the family, and the nation. Once 
literati are reformers at heart, and were the convinced of the sui>eriority of Christian civ- 
blood-stained hands of the empress dow- ilization, they will eagerly study its deeper 
ager withdrawn a demand for reform would moral and spiritual truths, 
arise from every corner of the land. The old, ' The Christian Literature Soeiety, under 
conservative, foreign-hating past is dead, the able superintendence of Mr. Richard 
The march of events, too, is compelling re- and Dr. Allen, is doing most valuable work 
form. China has but one alternative— ref or- in this direction. But the society's re- 
mation or dismemberment. This is daily sources are small. Much more should be 
becoming clearer to all thinking men, and done. We want more newspapers, more 
soon the need of reform will be so widely magazines, and more books. Every Mis- 
and keenly felt that repression will be im- sionary Society working in China should im- 
possible. And when this reform movement mediately set aside one or more of its older 
recommences there is good reason to expect and abler men for literary work. We might 
that Christian influence will be one of its thus leaven the literati of China with Chris- 
potent factors. i tian thought, and through them powerfully 

The extent of that influence, however, ; affect the whole nation. Win her scholars 
must largely depend on the measure in and you win China. 

which we meet the growing demand for a But, while greatly increasing our schools 
Western education among the middle and and our literature, we must not abate one 
upper classes, and the demand for a high- jot or tittle of our preaching and healing, 
class Christian literature among the scholars ■ It is through the teaching and healing car- 
and officials. ri e d on Id our hospitals, and the public 

A few years ago only the old Confucian preaching of the Gospel in chapel, street, 
education was valued by the Chinese ; but and market place that we reach the masses, 
the reformers, though Confucian scholars J " The common people heard him gladly," 
themselves, saw that there could be no prog- , and 



ress in China till that system was abolished. 



The Common People of China, 



The emperor, sharing this view, ordered the almost from the first, have been disposed to 

adoption of the Western system of education listen to the Gospel. They are for the most 

throughout the empire. The hostility of the part miserably poor, very ignorant, and 

empress dowager prevented the carrying out utterly uncared for. They know nothing of 



Missionary and Other Bix/iops. 



Obnfuclanism, Buddhism, and Taoism— the 
religious they are supposed to believe— ex- 
cept such scraps aa they pick up in the com- 
mon talk of the home, the street, and the 
tea atop, They are, therefore, not attached 
tn their religions, their teachers, or their 
goto] and will give them up without a 
pang. 

It is among these untaught, uncared-for 

--"- rtuLl Christian work in China has 

hitherto been mostly carried on, aud it is 

■ii that our con verts have 1 u 

wm. In spite oC the hostility of the officials, 
frequent threats of massacre, charges of die- 
loyalty, and constant petty jMjrsecutious, the 

c mon people have accepted the Gospel In 

OTBr-lboxeaaiitg numbers, and when political 

and .-social conditions l.oeoine iv favorable 

iK.y will lloek to the Church by thou- 
sands. 

Since the opening of China in 1800, the 
Bumber of converts has doubled o very seven 
tgrcdgbt years, and now reaches the respect- 
ul.ii- total of 100,000, reckoning Church 
lu'iiilvis only. If baptized children and 
other adherents were added, the number 
would be much larger. Even at this rale of 
progress, the Christian community of China 
will soon be an appreciable .piautity. 

But the rate of progress is rapidly increas- 
ing, and "ill continue to increase. The fruit 
of ,.i 1 . has to be reaped. A great deal of 
v. - n k h.'i- i-een done among the people, and 
large numbers know something of Christ 
The old slanders, suspicions, and hatred un- 
dying down, and the respect, and confidence 
of multitudes have been won. Even should 
the unfavorable political conditions of the 
past continue, we may confidently expect a 
steady increase of adherents among the 
poorer classes. How rapid progress would 
be under favorable conditions wc saw dur- 



Whole Population 
toward the Christian Church, as in Man- 
churia, where, during that year, one mission 
alone baptized 3, Km people, and received as 
candidates for baptism 7,500 more. 

The generous appreciation of Christianity 
recently shown by the emperor mid the lead- 
ing reformers inspires the hope that even 
among the upper classes Christianity will 
soon have a largo and ever-increasing num- 
ber of adherents. These classes have no 
real faith in Buddhism or Taoism, though 
they hold firmly to Confucianism. But Con- 
fucianism is not a religion, and can never 
satisfy the religions instincts and spiritual 
nature of man. It is a system of political, 
social, aud ethical philosophy, most of which 
a man might hold and yet bo a devout Chris- 
tian, just as Platonism was held by many of 
the early Christians. 

China has come to the parting of the 
ways. Great changes are near at hand. 
She will soon be compelled to fall into lino 
with other nations, to open the entire coun- 
try to foreign commerce, and to adopt 
Western education. These changes will all 
tell in favor of missionary work, by giving 
us a freer field and a friendlier hearing. 

Taking, therefore, into consideration the 
success already gained, the condition of the 
masses, and their readiness to accept the 
Gospel, and friendly attitude of the emperor 
and the reform party, and the impend- 
ing political, commercial, ami educational 
changes, we are justified hi expecting the 
rapid spread of the Gospel in China. It 
looks as if God's time to fulfill his promise 
to the " land of Sinim " had come.— Chnjit ':<■!■■ 
of the London Missionary Society. 



MISSIONARY AND OTHER BISHOPS. 



M. MERRILL, D.n., LL.n. 



MANY have felt for a long time that there 
is something abnormal or incongruous 
in our missionary episcopacy. It is and it 
Is not an integral part of our itinerant gen- 
eral superin tendency. It does the work of 
the episcopacy in given places, without pos- 
sessing the rights that inhere in the bishop's 
office, except in limited territory, making it 
unlike anything and everything else in our 
economy. 



It never was an institution of the Church, 
deliberately and purposely chosen; nor has 
It had a natural and symmetrical growth 
from a vital germ, as many of our other pe- 
culiarities have had. It was originated as a 
temporary expedient to meet an emergency. 
When the conditions that created the emer- 
gency passed away, and conditions quite 
different from those that suggested it came 
into existence, the experimental device went 



218 



Missionary and Other Bishops. 



into disuse, became obsolete, indeed, till an 
unaccountable impulse to revive it and put 
it into operation struck the General Con- 
ference in 1K84. 

The origin of that impulse is known to a 
few persons yet alive, but to a few only. It 
is enough to say that it was not created by 
any pressing emergency, nor did it take the 
course intended for it by those who aroused 
the feeling that resulted in its restoration 
from its moribund condition. If any provi- 
den