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"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Entered at the Poet-Office at Mt. M.rris, 111. 
as Second ( !lass Matter. 

Vol. 22, Old Series. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan 1, 1884. 

No. 1 


H. B. BRUMBAUGH, Editor. 

And Businoes Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50,- 

Huntingdon. Pa. 

Agents wanted for the Young Disciple. — 
Sample copies and outfit sent free an appli- 

The Brethren in Frederick City, Md., 
have lately held a very pleasant Love-feast, 
and the church there seems to be prospering. 

Eld. John H. Baffensberger of the Low- 
er Conewago, Pa., church, held an election 
for a minister, and the choice fell upon Heze- 
kiah Kook. 

Through a mistake, some of ouv agents 
who had been working for us, did not get 
outfits. For this we were sorry and have 
supplied them as far as we were informed. 

If you want to give your children a valua- 
ble New Year's present, have the Young Dis- 
ciple sent to them. It is an interesting week- 
ly for the young folks. Only 50 cents a year. 

Bro. J. M. Mohler held a series of meet- 
ings in the Johnstown, Pa., congregation, the 
immediate results of which meetings were 
fourteen additions by conversion and three 

The Brethren's Almanac for 1884 is giving 
good satisfaction, and the demand for it 
is encouraging. No family should be with- 
out one. Order now. Only 10 cents or $1.00 
per dozen. 

Subscribers, accompanied with good 
words, are coming in very encouragingly. — 
The prospects are that the old ones will about 
all renew, while we are adding quite a num- 
ber of new ones to our list. 

We are informed that on the 11th of De- 
cember, sister Laura Swane, late of Hunting- 
don, but now of Illinois, was united in holy 
matrimony to a Mr. Crum of the same place. 
Our best wishes for a successful and peace- 
ful life go with them. 

During the last month the demand for the 
Hymnal has been much better than usual. — 
Congregations are ordering them to put them 
in their meeting-houses. Every church- 
house should have several dozen for the use 
of the young and strangers, and since, we 
have put the price down to $10.00 per dozen, 
all can afford to get them. We have a good 
supply at both offices and will be glad to fill 

On last Sunday, at the close of our Sun- 
day-school we had quite an interesting talk 
from Mrs. Harris, a colored lady, who is in 
our city, lecturing on Temperance. She is 
quite a pleasant talker, and we wish her suc- 
cess in the good cause. 

We are glad to learn that our Brethren in 
many places have been making good use 
of the very pleasant Winter weather, which 
we have been having, in holding series of 
meetings. These meetings, when properly 
held, may be productive of much good, hut 
like all other privileges they must be care- 
fully guarded. An over-haste in gathering 
the wheat, may bring in the chaff. 

The Brethren of Waynesboro, Pa., at their 
Thanksgiving services, took up a collection 
for the "Orphan's Home" at this place, and 
as a result Bro. T. F. Imler sends $10.90. — 
This amount was given in sums from 5 cents 
up to $5.00. This will be quite a donation, 
and the kind donors can feel assured that 
they have the hearty thanks of the orphans 
as well as those who are connected with the 


The quiet, yet ever-moving wheels of time 
have borne us along until we have been again 
ushered into another New Year. As we look 
back, the open book is before us, and while 
in its pages we find some things that we love 
to revert to, there are others over which we 
would gladly draw our pen and obliterate 
them forever from memory's tablet. But as 
we cannot do this, we will try to profit by 
our past mistakes by avoiding similar ones 
in the future. 

The year just closed has been one of sun- 
shine and storms, joys and sorrows and of 
ups and downs. It is true, the world has not 
been visited by any very general calamities, 
yet, through floods and fires, great losses 
have been sustained and much poverty an d 
human suffering followed as a result. But, 
on the whole, our land and nation has been 
greatly blessed and we have much reason to 
bless God for^his goodness towards the chil- 
dren of men. Our harvests generally have 
been abundant, so that there has been no 
need for physical sufferings, so far as food 
and raiment is concerned. 

Not only have we been blessed in our phys- 
ical needs, but also in spiritual wants we 
have not been forgotten. At the ushering in 
of the past year, dark and threatening clouds 
were already discernible in our spiritual ho- 
rizon. These continued to increase until their 

greatest fury was spent since when, they have 
been gradually diminishing and passing 
away, until to day, we can safely say that the 
worst is past, and that we can look hopeful- 
ly forward to a better condition of things 
among God's people. In this, too, we have 
had many important lessons to learn, and if 
we fail to profit by them, another storm will 
be ready to burst in upon us. 

In starting on the new year, it will be well 
for us to adopt the motto of the Apostle Paul: 
"Forgetting the things behind, I reach for- 
ward to the things that are before." The 
past year c^n never be looked back to as an 
illustrious epoch in our church history. — 
The most favorable thing we can say about 
it is, we did the best we could, under exist- 
ing circumstances. Perhaps many of us 
could not, with the assurance of Job, lay our 
hand upon our breasts and say, "My witness 
is in heaven and my record on high." 

But as Ave enter the new year, let us lay 
self, our greatest enemy, entirely away, and 
resolve that by the help of God, we will try 
and do that only which will be in harmony 
with the truth, the Gospel, as revealed to us, 
and labor more earnestly for each other's 
good, for the promotion of pure Christianity 
in the world, and for the glory of God. Up- 
on such resolutions, and upon such a people, 
our Father's blessings will come, and the 
church for 1884 will arise and go forth with 
healing in her wings, to bless and to save. — 
As we pray, "forgive us our debts as we for- 
give oub debtors," let the great petition sink 
down to the very depths of our souls, and 
then try to live as we pray. 

Our purpose for the year is to labor for 
the highest and best interests of the church, 
and that we may be able to do this, we earn- 
estly crave the sympathy and prayers of all 
that love and obey the truth as it is in Christ 

And now, praying the blessings of a kind 
and Heavenly Father to rest upon all of our 
patrons, we wish you a happy and prosperous 
New Year. 

One of our ministers writes us that the 
Messenger should say more concerning the 
first principles of the doctrine of Christ, for 
the paper circulates largely among those who 
are not members of the Brethren church, and 
for their good the doctrine of- the church 
should be plainly set forth. We suggest the 
brother's idea to our contributor. We, too, 
think that the paper should contain much in 
befense of our distinctive features for the 
denefit of members as well as those that are 
not members. 



oved onto Bod, b workman that 
rightly dividing the 

Word of Truth. 



Let me weep; T feel so sad! 

My best friend I ever had, 

Has departed, lei't rue here 

In this world so cold and drear. 

He, so tender and so brave. 

Rests in his grave: 

And the ■world, though wide around. 

Has for me an empty sound. 

0. how pleasant was our life! 
He. my husband: I, his wife; 
What was trouble or despair'? 
All did -we together share. 
Glad and merry me to see, 
In my company to be, 
He would while the hours away, 
Having pleasant things to say. 

3( ::ered now by storms of grief 
Are my hopes without relief; . 
And I tread the thorny path 
"Which the widow's portion hath. 
0! I struggled long in vain 
Better hopes of life to gain. 
But no ray of hope is left; 
Thou, Lord, hast me bereft. 

But I will not murmur now; 
To thy ways I humbly bow. 
Hear in thine aboie on high, 
The neglected widow's cry. 
Help that I, in all thy way, 
Every duty may obey, 
Till at last this broken chain 
May connectedjbe again. 
HorleysviUe, Pa. 


BY N. M. B. 

Number I. 

I do not believe that Ave think enough 
about a live, personal Devil in the world. — 
We are apt to forget him. We are apt to 
think of God and man as the only or chief 
actors in the world's dread drama, I find 
the Devil has become, to some, a sort of fig- 
urative term, or an unknown quantity, or, at 
devoid of personality. As his person- 
ality is expanded into mist, his existence is 
3 and less of; and as we forget his 
■".-. we cease to fear his power and to 

aaid about the importance of the 
doctrine of Hell in the system of divine truth. 
I doubt Dot : doctrine of the devil, if I 
'.:. is still more fundamental in its 
. ipon both faith and morality. Hell 
; the devil is here, and conducts 
liblytothat hereafter. As fundament- 
al fact-, the maintenance of a personal devil 
eal Hell . ®ary to the main- 

.ity as the belief in God 

.' , stem of revealed 

truth old-time Biblical 

i of piety, the 

now complained 

odencies of men's 

minds may, in some degree, be due to our 

want of belief in the devil. I sometimes 
foolishly wish we could have a few w^ell-au- 
thenticated appearances, in order that we 
might have more generally the concrete no- 
tions of Luther on this subject. 

What he saw makes no difference; the 
hurling of his ink-stand proves all that is 
important, which is, that he was possessed of 
an overwhelming conviction of the personal- 
ity of the Evil One. It is nothing more than 
we might have expected in that great Re- 
former. In those sharp and deadly strug- 
gles, the devil was a reality to the human con- 
sciousness. W^hen any man sets himself to 
assault and shake his very throne, Satan will 
be very apt to show himself in propria per- 
sona. But he is not the less dangerous, he 
is more so, in these quiet days when he gen- 
tly woos to paths of self-indulgence till 
Christian professors think the devil is in 
nothing, and cease to think of him. 

In the progressive descent of ,a people in- 
to worldliness, infidelity and idolatry, the 
facts of sin and Satan are obscured or lost 
before the belief in God. It is easier to for- 
get the devil than to forget God. It is pleas- 
anter to think of no devil than of no God. — 
The one cannot be good to us; the other may. 
W T e have, therefore, enough men who have 
long ago discarded as superstition the idea 
of a personal devil, which used to be held 
without harm by the excellent of the earth. 

They are now half-skittishly turning over 
the question in their minds whether there is 
really any God and an inspired Revelation. 
And yet believers sometimes attempt to rea- 
son with these men. Learned men, many of 
them, you say. Why, they are gone. Is 
there anything wonderful that a scholar 
should be lost? Better not attach so much 
importance to our little learning, as if that 
made them very valuable to God. 

Talk about a belief in God, why that is 
nothing to find, it is pretty general among 
our advanced thinkers. But find me one 
who believes in the devil, and sin, in the first 
transgression as the source of all our woes. 

We had better turn our attention to what 
they have already abandoned, and seek to im- 
press the true and simple idea of Revelation 
upon those who are growing up around us. — 
It is dreadful to think how many people are 
going to be lost if they die as they are now 
living, ;nd I think men do in most cases. — 
There are notable exceptions. I think some- 
times there is more hope for our outcasts that 
they will repent if we go down to them, than 
of our good moral fellows who have heard it 
thunder so long from Mount Sinai that they 
have gotten used to it. 

If the leaven of philosophy, falsely so call- 
ed, shall go on, giving us what are termed 
more rational views of Scripture, we shall 
soon be where many of the philosophers now 
are, in a state of utter uncertainty about any- 
thing in religion. There is too much dispo- 
sition to apologize to the world, to fear to be 
thought superstitious. We are just a little 
afraid of being despised by the age, and in 
vainly trimming to please it, we necessarily 
neglect to make the most of our opportunity 

to save the poor, the tired and foot-sore : 
are the chief objects of Christian effort. 

What congratulation we should hear on all 
sides if a few of the great Bible mysteries 
could now be cleared up by some great teach- 
er so as to be understood by everybody. It 
is this impatience under the reproach of the 
world and eagerness to accord with men whose 
animus is at least doubtful, if not plainly 
enough opposed to the religion of '-'Moses 
and the prophets," that is unseemly. 

Let us preach "Jesus and the Resurrec- 
tion," and let the enemies of God stand off if 
they want to. Let us draw our recruits from 
another quarter. We are too anxious 
vince the world. The world wants coi 
sion. We are too intent on driving our argu- 
ments that there is a God and the Bible is 
his Revelation. What is God's method? — 
Does He begin his revelation by setting 
about to prove his own existence and pel 
ality ? That would have been child-li . 
Men only declare their own weakness when 
they raise such questions. 

What w r as the principal thing revealed to 
us by the Lord God in the very first chapters 
of his Revelation? Obviously that there was 
a devil in the world and what he hod done. — 
Observe how, in Genesis, the existence and 
personality of the devil and his work is re- 
lated as abruptly as if we knew all about his 
previous history! Who is this Satan, that 
deceived our Mother Eve ? God does not an- 
swer. But now, can we expect a revelation 
of all the facts of the past eternity, as a nec- 
essary preface to Genesis ? Perhaps we could 
not have comprehended all those facts' Per- 
haps it was none of our business in Time. 

Now, to know God is salvation. But we 
do not even know God well; we are yet in a 
w T orld of sin; must we necessarily know more 
of this Evil Being God comes and tells us of, 
before we believe in his personality ? Must 
we be as gods, knowing all things, before we 
consent to accept His Word, without shrug- 
ging our shoulders, as if it were almost too 
hard to believe ? 

I suspect there is something wrong when 
men begin to imagine there must be some fig- 
urative, mysterious or unknown method of 
interpreting such Scriptures as ike tern 
tion of Jesus, or of Eve, or of the first el 
ter of Job. We have any amount of inter- 
pretation, but little humility of mind. Like 
children as we are, we must accept what we 
are told, and wait. 

"Fort Lynne," near Harrisonburg, Va. 



"Can we find such a one as this is, a man m wt ::: 
the Spirit of God is." Gen. 41 : 38 

Many great and good men have lived in the 
past, and some are living in the present It 
I has been a pleasure for historians to 
their great and good deeds, along with their 
names, on the pages that will live as long as 
time lasts. Very few persons have had : 
good deeds spread through all civilized na- 
tions, who did not have some wrong dee 


go with the good. It is said of Martin Luth- 
er, that no person could accuse him of an im- 
moral act during the whole period of his 
childhood. At the age of eighteen his char- 
acter was said to be spotless, and it may be 
that he reached the highest degree of perfec- 
tion of any man at that period of the world's 

Bat there lived a man about 1745 years B.C. 
whose biography is the purest of those 
among men. That man's name was Joseph. 
He lived to be 110 years old. The historian 
did not have one bad deed to record concern- 
ing Joseph. It was the object of the histo- 
rian to give the wrong act of a man along with 
the right. Such seem to be the facts in 
reference to Joseph's ancestors and those' 
who follow after him. But of Joseph it can 
be said that his whole life was one of practic- 
al wisdom and morals. There are only two 
circumstances^ in his history that might 
appear to some minds to be wrong or not 
commendable. The first is that of reporting 
the conduct of his brothers to his father. 
Joseph was a man that loved right and want- 
ed to see men corrected for wrong doing. 
He was next to the youngest of Jacob's sons, 
therefore his reproofs would not have been 
considered authoritative even if he had given 
any. Not willing to see them continue in 
their evil ways, he reports to his father so 
that he might correct them. 

If they had not been corrected, it is proba- 
ble they would have grown more wicked 
every day, which is the natural result. Per- 
haps Joseph felt that he was to a certain 
extent his brother's keeper. This was an 
act of goodness in Joseph and for his broth- 
ers' welfare. Likely this increase' d their 
hatred toward him, but he well .knew that 
they would bless him some time for the re- 
gard he had for them. Every brother or sis- 
ter ought to have such regards for the other 
members of the family, as to correct them 
fordoing wrong or report to the proper ones 
to do the correcting. Here is a principle that 
will apply equally well in the family, the 
school-room and t e church. Another strange 
deed that Joseph did is the manner in which 
he treated his brothers when they came to 
buy corn of him. He had been separated 
from them for 22 years, and it is probable 
that he did not hear from them during all 
that time. He recognized his brothers but 
they did not know him. He accused them of 
being spies; put them in prison; arrested 
them; accused them of stealing; but with 
all this apparent ill fcceatmeafc it appears as 
if he, had a good object in view. 

His brothers were very jealous of him 
when they sold him into Egypt. Their ha- 
tred was so great that they first thought to 
slay him. Joseph did not know whether they 
were such characters yet or not. The only 
Avay for him to know was to put them to a 
test. They were not injured by his treat- 
ment, and Joseph discovered that they had 
made a great change in their dispositions, 
and he was willing to own them as his broth- 
ers. As soon as he accomplished the ob- 
ject in view, he told them who he was, 
and that they should not be grieved for what 

they did, for God made good come out of it. 
A pure purpose is perceptible in all the treat- 
ment to which they were subjected. The 
roughness of his manner was nothing of 
which they could complain, for every step 
was preparatory to show great kindness. 
The short imprisonment of Simeon was but a 
taste of the sorrow to which he and his broth- 
ers had subjected their brother for 14 years. 
The getting of Benjamin in his power was 
necessary so that he could carry into effect 
his plans. 



The above term is used a great deal among 
professed Christians. It is held up rather as 
a protection to shield from the threatenings 
of the Bible against pride at heart. The 
heart is the seat of spiritual disease. The 
hearts and minds of those who are 5 et car- 
nal, lust after evil things; hence, the apostle's 
language (James 1: 15): "Then when lust 
hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, 
when it is finished, bringeth forth death." 

Through lust cometh pride, which is sin; 
and sin, when finished, brings death. It mat- 
ters not of what character it is; all kinds, 
when brought forth as above named, and fin- 
ished, result in death. Notice the thought, 
"when it is finished." I understand that the 
lust has been conceived and the sin brought 
forth by acting it out; and without repenting 
of it, never confessing it, neither asking God 
to pardon it, but continuing to plead justifica- 
tion, it becomes finished, and bringeth forth 

Many people con dude that a little decent 
pride, as they call it, is necessary in order to 
be neat, cleanly, and tidy. If their theory 
were true, then it would do just what is 
claimed; but I am sorry to say, that in my 
travels,' a great many times I find it to be just 
the reverse. Those who exhibit the most 
pride in dress and superfluity are just as 
filthy and slovenly in many respects. While 
filthiness and indecency are wholly wrong, 
the sin is just the same when connected with 
pride as when connected with humility. 

Pride is by no means necessary to retain 
cleauliness and decency. Observation has 
taught me that there is just as much filthy 
pride as decent pride. No one will deny 
that decency and cleanliness belong to Chris- 
tianity, but pride belongs to the other king- 
dom; it originated with the devil, and he is 
most successfully managing it to the destroy- 
ing of thousands of precious souls, for whom 
Christ died. 

There is undoubtedly a self-evident truth 
noticeable to everybody connected with this 
matter, and that is this: All those who are 
not satisfied with the plainness, modesty and 
non-superfluity taught in the Gospel, to be 
observed by the Lord's people, have too much 
pride, are spiritually diseased at heart, and 
never confess, like David did, when he had 
sinned; but they continue to act out the sin 
till it is finished. 

Some Brethren, when writing on the sub- 

ject of non-conformity in uniformity, admit 
that in their judgment, there is no express 
law on the subject; however, they say, that 
the order of the church in' dress is a great 
help in maintaining this Gospel plainness. — 
This, to my mind, is an error; for the order 
of the church, in dress, is Gospel plainness; 
it is not a help to it, but is the thing itself. — 
To dip the penitent sinner in water is not 
said to be a great help to maintain Gospel 
baptism, for it is the thing itself. 

The wife who enforces strict discipline in 
reference to cleanliness in every particular, 
and every department of the house, is not 
said to be a great help to cleanliness as a 
housekeeper, but is the thing itself. Just so 
with reference to the order of the church in 
dress. Some members seem to be bothered 
a great deal about a certain class who have 
adopted, and are sticklers, for theunifoim in 
dress, yet are rather slovenly and untidy in 

This, however, cannot justify others in 
their pride. Filth and slovenliness are sin, 
and should receive the censure of the 
church, independent of its surroundings as 
well as pride. Paul recommends that all 
things be done decently and in order. 

Gimnl, 111, 



Farms and Farm -Life. 

A brother, writing from America, says, 
"Tell us something about farm-life in Ger- 
many." It has been our purpose to write 
something on this part of German life, as 
soon as we could obtain information of a re- 
liable character. We will, therefore, in this 
letter, give some facts relative to farming 
and, as far as we are able, say something 
about the home-life of the German farmer 
and his village neighbors. 

At first thought, it would appear that this 
would be but a light task, but it is not >o 
easy to obtain information as one might at 
first think. For instance, we have asked a 
number of Germans the price of land, but 
among the. number, only found one who 
would venture an opinion, and hi* knowledge 
of the subject was rather indefinite. 

In Auifiic^so many change* are constant- 
ly being made, so many farms are bought hi d 
hold, that everybody knows what land is 
worth, 'Specially in their own locality. Not 
so here; changes are rare and farms aie not 
so often sob), many of the larger estates re- 
maining in the same family for hundreds of 
years. In several cases, estates have come 
down in the same family in an unbroken line 
from the tenth century. 

The price of land varies considerably; the 
range of prices is given at from $50 to $150 
per acre. Land-owners may be divided into 
six different classes: 

1. The Public Domain. The land owned 
by the royal family, and from which the Em- 
peror receives the rental. 

2. "Rittergueter." These are the estates 
of the noblemen, counts, lords, barons, etc. 



Church Estates. The property of the 
church, the rental of -which goes to pay the 

4. School-Land. 

•\ "Bauentgueter." The land belonging 
to the farmer who stocks his farm and man- 
. . - it himself. 

6. The ••Hansler." or the owner of a 
re in a village or town, with or without a 
small parcel of land, a garden or yard. 

The size and extent of the farms and es- 
- may be found in the following estimate, 
taken from the official census of Saxony for 
L8S . Taking four hundred land-owners, 
and they are divided in respect to the num- 
c f acres of land they own severally as 
follows I The round numbers are given with- 

rractions I : 
Those owning less than three acres - - 182 
" from three to ten acres - 80 
ten to 100 acres - 133 
over 100 acres - - - - 5 
It will be seen from this, that the great 
majority of the land is owned in small par- 
cels. The table referred to above, shows 
that only one out of 2,000, owns an estate of 
over 500 acres, and that only one out of 2,500 
owns over 1000 acres. (A Saxon acre con- 
tains two and one-fifth of our acres. ) 

The owners of the large estates ( "Ritter- 
gueter'* I have certain inherited rights that 
belong only to them. They have a right to 
a seat in the "Landstag" or Legislature. — 
They also usually control the appointment of 
the preacher or minister for the church or 
churches that may be on their estates. 

Formerly, every farmer and laboring man 
within their jurisdiction was compelled to 
work a certain number of days each year 
without pay, for the lord of the manor. This 
has been abolished by law, but all who were 
liable to perform this service were compelled 
to pay annually a tax to the nobleman. The 
law made this tax obligatory for fifty-four 
years, after which the small land-owners be- 
came wholly free. In one province, Meck- 
lenburg, the old system of labor still pre- 

This is a relic of the old feudal system, 
- a few powerful noblemen owned all the 
land and held the common people as serfs or 
slaves. Gradually, as education and civil iza- 
sad over the country, the peasants ac- 
quired more liberty, and finallyj»ecame land- 
wdth certain restrictions. These re- 
Ions have been gradually abolished by 
antil now but few traces of them remain. 
singular restrictions imposed and 
:hat has only recently been abolished, 
Lng allegiance to the pro- 
fcate of this kind could marry 
without asent. At the present time, 

) ented for a term of 12 
6 .•- per cent of the value of 

ool lands are rented in 
• • parcel poorer classes, who are 

rental for 

than for the 

. a who own from fifty 

to 1C . y well-to-do, 

■A by the Germans, in a familiar 

proverb, "velvet farmers who plow with sil- 
ver plows." 

Those who rent the larger estates are men 
of considerable wealth, and are usually able, 
after years of hard work and economy, to be- 
come land-owners themselves. The smaller 
farmers, who rent, perhaps, from five to ten 
acres and own a horse, a cow or an ox, are 
not able to materially better their condition 
here. The rule with them is, once poor, al- 
ways poor. 

The principal crop in this section of the 
country seems to be the sugar-beet, of which 
many thousands of acres are cultivated. — 
They make a large yield, and are perhaps as 
profitable as anything the farmer raises. — 
There are many sugar manufactories here, 
and much of the sugar produced in Germany 
is manufactured from the sugar-be et. AVheat, 
rye, oats and potatoes are also cultivated.— 
Rye is largely used for bread, many families 
using no wheat bread at all. It is said to be 
healthy, and when it is fresh is quite good. — 
It is baked in large, oblong loaves, about two 
feet long and perhaps ten inches wide and 
six inches thick. These loaves, in a few 
days after they are baked, become very solid 
and it requires a good set of teeth to masti- 
cate them. 

We look in vain, in traveling over this part 
of the country, for the fine, large farm-hous- 
es, with their beautiful yards, and well-kept 
lawns, and gardens, and the huge bank barns 
that dot the country at home, like so many 
monuments of the industry, the enterprise, 
and the taste of our American farmers. 

Occasionally, on one of the large estates, 
the buildings forming a little village are to 
be seen; but, for the most part, the country 
is entirely bare of buildings and fences, pre- 
senting rather a singular appearance, espe- 
cially to those who, like ourselves, are used 
to seeing it so different at home. Instead of 
the farm-houses, however, we find, scattered 
over the country, many villages containing 
from 500 to 3000 souls, and here are to be 
found the homes of the farmers. The hous- 
es are, for the most part, strong and substan- 
tially built. 

The streets are narrow and not remarkably 
clean, and they literally swarm with children 
of all sizes and ages, from the crawling babe 
to the ragged urchin of ten years, all of them 
dirty, ragged and healthy-looking. Walking 
through the streets, one can hardly conceive 
how so many can live in so small a place. In 
addition to the farmers' homes, the villages 
are also the homes of the poorer classes, 
laborers who work by the day for the farm- 
ers at exceedingly low wages, say from twen- 
ty to forty cents per day and board them- 
selves, whilst in harvest this sum is usually 

Weavers who own a hand-loom, and weave 
cloth and flannels for the farmers; shoemak- 
ers who provide them with shoes, many of 
which have wooden soles, others being made 
entirely of wood; shop-keepers who do a gen- 
eral retail trade, and last, but by no means 
least, the "Gastwirth," who supplies the vil- 
lagers with their daily allowance of beer, 

which seems to be as much of a necessity 
here as tea and coffee is with us at home. 

The extremely low wages received by the 
tradesman for his labor makes it necessary 
for him to supplement his work by doing a 
little farming. A small piece of ground is 
rented, and with one horse, which is often 
conveniently stabled under the same root 
that covers his family, and by the help of 
his wife and daughters, he is able to add 
enough to his income to keep the wolf from 
his door. 

But Avhen crops fail and hard times come, 
then there is often among the villagers actu- 
al want and suffering, which is often relieved 
by the assistance of the government. These 
people, in their home-life, practice the most 
rigid economy, living on the black, hard, rye- 
bread, with a mug of beer and, sometimes, a 
fat piece of pork. Often, however, they do 
not have meat. The women all work hard, 
both in-doors and out, at all kinds of labor. 
Not long since, we saw a woman carrying 
mortar to brick-layers. In fact, as was stat- 
ed in a former letter, there is no kind of la- 
bor that women do not do here. 

From these villages come the greatest num- 
ber of emigrants to America. They settle 
upon our Western lands and by their indus- 
trious and economical habits become, as a 
general thing, well-to-do, and make an excel- 
lent class of citizens. It is a good thing that 
these people can go to America. Here there 
is no hope for them; they have onlj- before 
them a life of toil, and often of privation and 

As before intimated, wages are extremely 
low. Women who work on the farm and do 
fully as much work as' men, receive far less 
wages, but we ought not to say too much 
about this, for at home the same injustice 
prevails. We never could understand why, 
in justice, a woman should receive less wages 
for doing the same kind of work than a man, 
especially if she does the work ja^t as well. 
Perhaps some of our school directors could 
give a good reason for this. 

The smaller farmers, those who own from 
ten to twenty acres are compelled to live very 
sparingly in order to meet expenses. Their 
food consists of potatoes, pork, cheese (which, 
by the way, is exceedingly strong >, and black 
bread. Butter is not used to any extent. — 
Occasionally, some of tho;e who are rich use 
it for breakfast, but it is never used for din- 
ner. Lard is sometimes used instead of but- 

The farmer is said to be pious, easily con- 
tented, very industrious and economical. — 
His wants are few and easily Satisfied. As 
in America, so here, money gives him influ- 
ence and respectability among his neighbors. 
He is proud, and will not allow his sons or 
daughters to marry into a family that has 
less acres than himself. Marriage is there- 
fore often simply a matter of business among 

The question as to whether the parties to 
the contract love each other or not, doe 
seem to be of much impoitance. As a re- 
sult, the home-life is not always a happy 
the head of the family often feeling it his 


duty to -"If!- Use his wife as well as his chil- 
dren, which he does with no light hand. 

Mr. B. Lohman, a teacher in the Dresden 
schools, whose father is a farmer, and to 
whom I am indebted for some of the facts 
contained in this letter, says, "The more mon- 
ey the farmer has, the greater is the value of 
his children. The sons are able to look for 
rich girls, the daughters can hope to gain 
rich farmers' sons. Love has nothing to do 
with the marriage, and willingly the girl 
obeys the wish of her parents, who love the 
bridegroom's fortune more than the son-in- 
law himself." 

The more wealthy farmers are able to hire 
an overseer or head-servant, who receives 
from $75 to $90 per year, with board, while 
the common laborers get much less. The 
farmers' maids are hired at from twenty to 
thirty dollars per year, and must work in- 
doors and oai. Wages differ in different lo- 
calities. We have given about the highest; 
some places much less is paid. Wages for 
all kinds of labor are very low. 

We have recently visited some of the large 
sugar manufactories. Here many women are 
employed, who receive from twenty-five to 
thirty-seven and a half cents per day and 
board themselves. They commence work at 
six o'clock in the morning, stop a few min- 
utes at nine o'clock to eat a lunch, and again 
at twelve for dinner, which they carry with 
them, and then work until sis o'clock in the 
evening. The same rule of low wages holds 
good in any department of labor. 

In Halle, a city of 60,000 inhabitants, a 
shoemaker will take your measure and fur- 
nish you with an excellent pair of hand-made 
calf boots for from $3.00 to $4.25; at Mount 
Morris, the same article would cost from $6 
to $9. Girls who work out in families re- 
ceive from twelve to thirty dollars per year, 
depending uponiheir strength and their rep- 
utation for doing their work well. At Dres- 
den, the wages were somewhat higher for 
girls. There they receive from two to four 
dollars per month. Here, in the house in 
which we live, the family hire a married wom- 
an, who comes in the early morning, does up 
the work, going home at about eleven o'clock 
to prepare a meal for her own family and re- 
turning again after dinner. She, of course, 
boards herself and receives the magnificent 
sum of fifteen cents per day for her labor. 

It must not be thought that because the 
wages are low that the work is correspond- 
ingly easy, for such is not the case. It in- 
cludes an amount of drudgery and hard work 
that our girls at home could not be hired to 
do. For instance, how long would one of our 
girls live with a family where she would be 
required to blacken boots and shoes and car- 
ry coal on her back up to the fourth story of 
a house ? We imagine we hear some of our 
readers saying, "Not an hour!" Well, we do 
not blame you, for we would not want to see 
such things done by our girls, but you may in 
your hearts thank the Lord that you live in 
America and not in Germany, and you may 
learn to be happy and contented with your 
lot, which is indeed a light and easy one com- 
pared with the lives of many of the German 

None of us fully realize the blessings of 
our grand, free country, but we only need to 
draw a contrast between our own lot and that 
of the monarchies of Europe, to see how be- 
yond measure God has blessed us in Ameri- 
ca: D. L. MlLLEK. 

Halle, a. S., Germany, 


This is a beautiful December morning; all 
nature seems wrapped in her own gay "frost- 
work," and while the "glorious orb of day" is 
is just peeping over the horizon of smoke 
and fog, reflecting the radiance of his own 
bright rays, the scene is grand and inspiring 
indeed; and we are made to exclaim, Who 
can behold the grand beauties of nature, and 
not recognize in them all the hand of an All- 
wise, Supreme and Intelligent Being? Or 
who can deny the truthfulness of the asser- 
tion — "The heavens are a print from the pen 
of God's perfection; the world is a bud from 
the bower of his beauty, the sun is a spark 
from the light of his wisdom ; the sky is a 
bubble in the sea of his power" ? 

Who? Ah! my dear brethren, to us who 
trust confidently in the Author of our being — 
the God of our salvation, the question seems 
impertinent and trifling indeed, for it shocks 
the sensibilities of our very nature to think, 
for a moment, that any rational person could 
refuse to believe in an Infinite and Supreme 
God; but, repugnant as the idea itself seems 
to us, the realization of the fact that there 
are many persons, even in our midst, who 
not only disbelieve, but scorn the idea of a 
God, and the immortality of the soul, is hor- 
rifying in the extreme. 

In our own little city of 2500 population, 
there are many, and those, too, of the most 
prominent citizens and influential members 
of society, who are infidels; and, although I 
have a pleasant position and enjoy my school- 
work quite well, it is, of course, not so pleas- 
ant to be thrown into tire society of those 
whose views are thus perverted and repuls- 
ive; but, since Christ sought those whom 
he might elevate, so it should be our aim to 
set before our fellow-men, wherever we may 
be, an elevated standard of Christian piety 
and principles, both by precept and example. 

There are no Brethren in our midst, nei- 
ther do I know where the nearest congrega- 
tion to us is in Southern Indiana. We miss 
our accustomed church privileges very much; 
wish there were a church of the Brethren in 
reach, that we might attend occasionally. — 
Would be glad to correspond with some of 
the Brethren of Southern Indiana, in order 
that I might know where the nearest church 
to us is. 

Tell City is on the Ohio River, three miles 
below Cannelton, the county-seat of Perry 
county, and about seventy-five miles above 
Evansville. It is reached only by boat — the 
nearest R. R. station being Rockport, on the 
Louisville Air Line — twenty-two miles below 
us, on the River. Soliciting correspondence 
with some of the nearest Brethren, and ask- 
ing an interest in your prayers, I remain, 



"Preach the Word." 



"We are perplexed, but not in despair." — 2 Cor. 4: 8. 

Though Christianity confers many and 
great blessings on all that possess it, and 
who enjoy its benefits by observing its rules, 
it does not save its possessors from all the 
unpleasant occurrences of life. While the 
happy and peaceful life of a Christian has its 
source so much above the world that no 
changes that take place in the world can 
change the character of that life, and much 
less destroy it altogether, nevertheless, the 
life of the Christian is not without its annoy- 
ances and perplexities. Unalloyed happi- 
ness, and uninterrupted peace, are not prom- 
ised to the good. On the contrary, they are 
taught to expect trials and temptations, and 
they are instructed how they are to meet 
them, that they may sustain no damage by 

"These things," said Jesus, referring to 
the doctrines and precepts which he had de- 
livered to his disciples, "I have spoken unto 
you, tuat in me ye might have peace. In the 
world ye shall have tribulation: but be of 
good cheer; I have overcome the world." — 
John 16: 33. 

But while the Christian must experience, 
in some degree, the ills and perplexities of 
life, they do not affect him as they often do 
the ungodly. "We are perplexed, but not in 
despair." Some persons fall into despair, 
and experience all the horror that is conse- 
quent upon such a state. But while Chris- 
tians may be perplexed, they do not despair. 
It is with Christianity and the perplexities 
of life, like it is with vaccination, and the 
terrible disease it is designed to check the 
power of. If it doe3 not prevent the disease 
altogether, it greatly modifies it, and protects 
the body from its worst effects. So it is with 
Christianity. It does not save its possessors 
entirely from all the unpleasant effects of the 
perplexities of life, but it so modifies the 
power of those perplexities and trials of life, 
that they do the Christian no harm, and do 
not destroy his happiness. 

In applying the words of our text, we shall 

I. Some of the perplexities which Chris- 
tians may meet with. 

II. The tendency of perplexity to lead to 

III. The way in which Christians are 
kept from despair, in their perplexities. 


Perplex is defined by Webster thus; "To 
embarrass; to puzzle; to distrust; to tease 
with suspense, anxiety, or ambiguity." The 
Greek word is aporeomai, which means, not 
knoiving ivhich way to go. 

1. Perplexity may be caused by temporal 
embarrassments. The Christian may exper- 



of the comforts of life, and ! e 

know where to obtain them. It may 
is with the widow of Z rephali in 
- time, there may be but a handful of 
men] iu i rel, and but a littL oil in the 

erase, and not much prospect of having ei- 
ther rrel or the cruse reple lished. — 
le sometimes got into such straits. 
hey will not despair. They may also 
meet with fi: embarrassments. 

2. istians may also be perplexed at 

the dispensations of Providence. Sometimes 
r with losses, crosses, and nfHictions 
. that it tries their faith greatly to 
3 such providences with the kii d 
itment of a loving Father. When Jo- 
's brethren informed their father Jacob 
.that Pharaoh wanted to see their brother 
Benjamin, and when they plead with their 
father to let Benjamin go with them, the old 
- - was grieved, and he was tempted 

-I that his condition was a hard one, and 
he said, "All these things are against me." — 
He was perplexed. He had wrestled with 
the Lord and prevailed. But in the perplex- 
ity of mind that he felt, he failed to recog- 
nize the overruling providence of God, and 
spake as he did. But his perplexity was but 
for a short time. He, no doubt, struggled 
with his temptation and recovered his faith. 
He did not despair. 

David was greatly perplexed at the jorovi- 
dence of God in regard to the wicked. He 
gives us his experience in the seventy-third 
psalm. It seems strange to us at first thought, 
that a man of David's knowledge and experi- 
should ever become so perplexed and 
troubled as he seems to have become. But 
the faith even of strong and experienced be- 
lievers may sometimes grow weak under sore 
trials and great temptations. The strongest 
vessels may sometimes be broken by the rag- 
ing storm. And the strongest oak bends be- 
fore the powerful wind. 

David was perplexed when he saw the pros- 
perity of the wicked, and contrasted that 
with the troubles and afflictions of the right- 
He used the following language to ex- 
- his feelings, and his feelings show 
- he was greatly perplexed. 
"I was envious at the foolish, when I saw 
the prosperity of the wicked. For there are 
■ in their death; but their strength is 
firm. T not in trouble as other men, 

plagued like other men. — 
efore pride c ;rnpasseth thein about as a 
ee cover eth them as a garment. 
out with fatness: they have 
rt could wish. They are cor- 
lly concerning oppie - 
speak loftily. They set their 
ie heavens; and thcur tongue 
- the earth. . . . Behold, 
godly who prosper in the 
id; tl : ease in riches. Yeiily, I 

i ray heart in vain, and washed 
For all theday 'on<< 
I, and chastened every 
; -14 

'>.'■■ the wicked seemed 
d to not experience the 
he righteous often experience, I 

he seems to have felt that there was a want 
of justice in the moral government of God 
over the world. "My feet," 6ays he, "were 
almost gone; my steps had well-nigh slip- 
ped." So greatly was he perplexed, "until 
he went into the sanctuary of God." Then 
he saw "their end," and he saw that their 
prosperity was but momentary, and that it 
would be followed by a just retribution. — 
Then was his mind clear, and his perplexity 
ceased, and he no longer envied the "pros- 
perity of the wicked." 

And we, no doubt, have an illustration of 
our text in the experience of Paul, who wrote 
the text, "We are perplexed, but not in de- 
spair." It was his own experience, most 
likely, that led him to express himself as he 
did iu the words of our text. Bat he used 
the words as containing a general principle 
applicable to all Christians, and experienced 
by Christians generally. There are times 
and circumstances in the lives of all Chris- 
tians when they are "perplexed," though they 
do not fall into despair. 

But we have suggested that it was proba- 
bly Paul's own experience. His life was 
characterized by constant and arduous la- 
bors. He was sincerely devoted to the pro- 
motion of the well-being of man and the glo- 
ry of God. And yet, how great were his suf- 
ferings, and how little were his labors appre- 
ciated by many for whose benefit they were 

"Am I therefore become your enemy, be- 
cause I tell you the truth?" is a suggestive 
question which he propounds to his Galatian 
brethren. And the long and dark list of 
dangers to which his fidelity to his divine 
Master exposed him, given in the close of the 
eleventh chapter of Second Corinthians, 
shows that his sensitive nature felt keenly 
the sufferings that he had to endure for 
Christ's sake, though he bore them all with 
Christian meekness. 

Is it not more than likely that, at times, he 
could not prevent the question from rising 
up in his mind, Why is this? Why must I 
suffer so much when laboring in so good a 
cause, and when I am actuated by no motive 
but to do good to my fellow-men? It is evi- 
dent from our text, that he was perplexed ei- 
ther at the ingratitude and perverseness of 
meu, or at the providence of God in permit- 
ting the world to treat his servants so un- 
justly, or at both. But then, while he recog- 
nized the fact that he and his Christian 
brethren experienced perplexity of mind un- 
der the conflicting principles of good and 
evil that prevailed in the world, producing 
results that th^y found it difficult-, at times, 
to reconcile with the benevolent and just gov- 
ernment of God, he adds, "we are no; in de- 
spair." i 

3. Christians sometimes do not so readi- 
ly, and so fully understand the Scriptures as 
they would like to, and in their studies of the 
mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, they be- 
come perplexed at the difficulties ihey meet 
with. In remembering, however, that "t-ecret 
things belong unto the Lord our God," while 
only the things that are "revealed belong un- 
to us and our children," (Deut. 29: 29) and 

that there is enough revealed, and that plain- 
ly to show them the, way of life, they do not 
despair, nor even doubt because they do r.ot 
fully understand everything. 

4. Christians sometimes become perplex- 
ed because they do not receive answers to 
their prayers as soon as they expected, or, in 
just the way that they expected. But, upon 
due reflection, and upon the exercise of faith, 
they say to their perplexed minds, 

"Why should we doaht a Father's love, 

So constant and .<o k-inr].? 
To his unerring gruciona will, 

Lie ev'ry wish re-igned." 

And in this way they are preserved from de- 
spair, though they are perplexed. 


Despair is a terrible stale of mind to get 
into. It is thus defined by Webster: "Loss 
of hope; the giving up of expectation; utter 
hopelessness; and desperation." 

Persons sometimes, owing to the peculiar 
circumstances by which they are surrounded, 
or by which they have been raised or educat- 
ed, when they become concerned about their 
salvation, become greatly perplexed in their 
minds, and fall into doubt and doubt the wil- 
lingness of God to pardon them, and in a 
state of confusion, perplexity and doubt, sink 
into despair. And sometimes persons, after 
they have experienced something of the pow- 
er and comfort of religion, through a want 
of watchfulness and faithfulness apostatize 
from God and fall from grace. And such 
persons occasionally get into great trouble, 
and thinking of the wickedness of which 
they have been guilty, in forsaking the Lord 
and in turning to the weak and beggarly ele- 
ments of the world which they once had for- 
saken, become very hard-hearted, and through 
their hardn ss and impenitency, despair of 
obtaining mercy from God. 

And while there may be no just grounds 
for despair in such cases as we have mention- 
ed; since they are not necessarily beyond the 
reach of God's mercy, still there is great 
danger of such falling into the terrible feel- 
ing of despair. The greatest vigilance should 
be used by all such against permitting their 
perplexity and doubt from leading them in- 
to despair. And hence the apostle's admoni- 
tion: "Cake heed, brethren, lest there be in 
any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in de- 
parting from the living God. But exhort 
one another daily; while it is called to-day: 
lest any of you be hardened through the de- 
ceitfulness of sin." Heb. 3: 12, 13. It ap- 
pears that the wretched Judas, upon reflec- 
tion of the horrible crime that he committed, 
in betraying the Son of God. fell into des- 
pair, and in that horrible state of mind laid 
violent hands upon himself, and, by his own 
act terminated his life. And we may further 
remark, that it is not only by perplexity of 
of mind connected with religious subjects, 
that people are led into a state of despair; 
such perplexity may arise from other causes. 
Financial difficulties may produce perplexity, 
and so may many other things. And when 
perplexi y arises from such cruses, the mind 
becomes confused, and it fails to maintain 


its proper balance, and sinks into despair, 
and the terrible act of suicide is the conse- 
quence. This horrible practice becoming so 
common, every precaution should be taken 
to guard against it. And the best preserva- 
tive from this terrible act, and from all the 
horror of despair, is true Christianity, for 
the true Christian, representing the body of 
believers, can say, "We are perplexed but not 
in despair." "We proceed to notice the last 


Christians may become perplexed. This 
is plainly implied in the text. But while 
they may become perplexed, if they guard 
against apostasy. and coldness, and use the 
means they are furnished with by the Lord, 
they will not despair. "We are perplexed, 
but not in despair." 

Despair comes when hope dies. But the 
Christian hope is a living hope. And while 
the life of our hope is maintained, we cannot 
despair. We are said to be begotten unto a 
lively hope, or, as we have it in the Revised 
Version, unto a "living hope". And it was 
Hopeful that cheered and encouraged Chris- 
tian, when they were contending with Giant 
Despair, who sought to destroy them, accord- 
ing to Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress. And 
Giant Despair succeeded in getting Chris- 
tian and Hopeful in Doubting Castle. But 
Christian remembered that he had a key that 
would unlock the door. And this key was 
Promise. With this key they unlocked the 
door, and made their escape from Giant Des- 
pair. So Bunyan's Pilgrim, according to our 
text, was perplexed, but not in despair. In 
all his perplexities, his hope did not forsake 
him, and therefore he did not despair. 

We may use Bunyan's figure of the key of 
promise, to illustrate at least one of the ways 
by which Christians are kept from despair. 
Christian and Hopeful are represented as 
having prayed, and then Christian remem- 
bered that he had a key in his bosom, called 
Promise, and with that key he opened the dif- 
ferent doors and gates that they had to pass 
through, in getting out of Doubting Castle, 
and they thus made their escape from that 
terrible place. 

And so it is. The promises of God, in 
which his Word abounds, are effectual pre- 
servatives against despair, if they are prop- 
erly used and applied. It was after prayer 
that Christian thought of his key called 
Promise. This is a good idea. We must 
watch and pray if we would not fall into 
temptations. And if, through a want of 
prayer and watchfulness, we fall into temp- 
tation, it is by prayer that we must seek de- 
liverance. And if we, in a believing, hum- 
ble and prayerful state of mind, make a judi- 
cious application of the promises of God, we 
cannot despair; How can we despair, when 
we think of the "exceeding great and preci- 
ous promises," 2 Pet. 1: 4, and then think 
that "he is faithful that promised"? Heb. 
10: 23. 

Christians believe in, and have been bap- 
tized into the Father, and into the Son, and 
into the Holy Spirit. And the help of all 

these divine powers is available unto them. 
And how rich then are their resources for 
wisdom, strength, and comfort! And with 
access to such resources, or rather in posses- 
sion of such resources, there is no reason 
whatever to despair, but great reason to hope 
and rejoice in God. 

The experience of the faithful in former 
ages is a confirmation of our text. And it is 
not only so, but it is an encouragement to 
those that come after them. Moses was often 
perplexed with the difficulties that he met 
with in the perf ormance of his arduous duties 
as the leader of the Israelites. But he did 
not despair. The patriarchs in their times 
had many perplexities, but they did not de- 
spair. Job may be referred to as another ex- 
ample. He had many perplexities, but he 
did not despair. He trusted in God. 

It is wrong to give up to despair. God may 
permit us to be tried, but he will not leave 
us in the tempter's power, if we look to him 
in our fears and perplexities. "Though he 
slay me, yet will I trust in him," said Job. — 
This is the right spirit. None having such 
a spirit, will despair. We must stand up to 
our fears, doubts, and perplexities, and re- 
member, that however unpleasant, or even 
miserable our condition may for a time be, to 
yield to despair will be to increase our mis- 
ery, and, it may be, to make it eternal. 

To live and die without hope, and in 
despair, is a horrible thought. It is a fore- 
taste of hell, or a state of hell itself. We 
cannot guard against it too vigilantly. And 
the way to avoid it, is to live a Christian life 
and maintain a Christian character. The de- 
claration of that character is, "We are per- 
plexed; but not in despair." 

We may illustrate the effects of despair in 
the case of Saul, the king of Israel. He 
was highly favored by heaven, but he dis- 
obeyed the voice of love, and lost the divine 
help and and guidance. He became a vic- 
tim of despair. He said to Samuel: "I am 
sore distressed; for the Philistines make war 
against me, and God is departed from me, 
and answereth me no more, neither by 
prophets nor by dreams." 

Such was his lamentation. He perished 
like Judas, by his own hands, and died in 
despair. Let the terrible example of those 
who have been given up to despair, be a 
warning to us, to guard against apostasy and 
doubt, and everything that has a tendency to 
produce despair. 

We have seen that Saul, King of Israel, 
through disobedience was forsaken by the 
Lord and died in despair. Let us contrast 
his case with Saul of Tarsus. He could say, 
"We are perplexed, but not in despair." He 
lived in hope and died in hope. His lan- 
guage near the end of his life was, "For I am 
now ready to be offered, and the time of my 
departure is at hand. I have fought a good 
fight; 1 have finished my course, I have kept 
the faith; henceforth there is laid up for me 
a crown of righteousness, which the Lord, 
the righteous judge, will give me at that 
day." 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8. May such a hopeful 
and triumphant end be ours. 


HOWELL— SIMMONS.— By the undersigned at his 
residence, Oct. 31, Mr. Gilbert Howell and Florence 
Simmons, both of Wabash Co., Incl. 

J. R. Crumrine. 

SHOULTS— HALE.— At the residence of the bride's 
sister, by the undersigned, Nov. 8th, Samuel Shoults 
and Rachel Hale, both of Wabash Co., Ind. 

J. R. Crumrine. 
DURK— 00 AN.— By the undersigned, at the residence 
of the bride's parents, Dec. 1, Jos. Durk and Mary A. 
Ogan, both of Wabash Co , Ind. 

J. R. Crumrine. 

BAKER— NEDROW.— At the residence of the bride's 
father in Westmoreland Co., Pa., by Jeremiah Faust, 
Mr. Paul Baker to sister Nancy Ellen Nedrow. 

DAVIDSON— HULETT. —At the residence of the 
bride's parents, in Jewell Co., Kan., Dec. 4, 1883, by 
M. M. Eshelman, Mr. William Bavidson and Miss 
Miss Myitia M. Hulett. 

gMnx ^%lu\i 

'Blossed are the dead which die in the Lord.' 

LONG.— In Falls City, Neb., Dec. 1, Bro. David Long, 
aged 7S years . 
His remains were deposittd in the Silver Creek 
Cemetery on Sunday following, attended by a large 
concourse of people. The occasion was improved by the 
writer from 2 Tim. 4: 67. C. Forney. 

KALEBAUGH. — In the Upper Conewago church, 

Adams Co., Pa., Samuel Paul Kalebaugh, son of 

Bro. Samuel and Rosa Kalebaugh, aged almost 4 


Funeral discourse by Eld. Adam Brown and the 

writer. P. B. Kauffman. 

DUGARD. — Dec. 5, in Greenwood Co., Kan., Bro. An- 
drew Peter Dugard, aged 33 years, 2 months and 11 
He came from Denmark when 19 years o.'d. He 
leaves a wife and three children. He was a minister in 
the first degree, and will be much missed by his family, 
his neighbors and the few members in this part of God's 
moral vineyard. Funeral occasion improved by Eld. G. 
W, Studebaker of Fredonia, Kan. C. E. Gillett. 

CLINGENPEEL.— Nov. 30th, Gideon Clingenpeel, ag- 
ed 66 years, 9 months and 29 days. 
Deceased was bom in Franklin Co., Va., Feb. 1st, 
1827. In the year 1837, he was united in holy matri- 
mony to Naomi White. In 1840 moved to Cai-roll Co., 
Ind., when the country was quite new, and struggled 
with the hardship of pioneer life. Deceased was the fa- 
ther of 14 children, 37 grandchildren and 4 great-grand- 
children. Sermon by Hiel Hamilton and J. W. Mef/.- 
ger. Joseph Clinc+enpeel. 

SPITLER.— In Cedar Co. Church, Iowa, Oct. 25, Bro. 
Spitler, aged 72 years and 10 months. 
Bro. Spitler was born in Huntingdon Co., Pa. He 
moved to Inland township, Cedar Co., la., eighteen 
years ago. He was a consistent mem ber of the church 
for many years, and, though afflicted the latter part of 
his life, bore it all patiently. Funeral by Bro John 
Zuck, assisted by the writer. B. F. Miller. 

COOK.— In Ingham Co., Mich., June 12, Bro. Thomas 
Cook, aged 86 years, 3 months and 29 days. 
He was born in Hampshire Co., Va., united with 
the church about 1845. He removed to Hocking Co., 
Ohio, in I860, was chosen to fill the office of deacon about 
1863, the duties of which he discharged faithfully until 
1878, when he, with his son Isaac, removed to Ingham 
Ci>., Mich., where they lived isolated from the Brethren. 
Funeral services by Eld. B. Fryfogle from Rev. 14: 13. 

P. B. Messner. 



The Gospel Messenger. 

Published Weekly. 

Brethren's "Publishing: Co., - - Publishers. 


J. H. MOORE. Max-aging Editor, 


BrsixEss H&H&exB of Westers House. Mt. Morris, III. 

Conun ttnirations for publication should be written on 
one ^.. ; .e at the paper only, and separate from all other busi- 

Subscription JPriee of the Gospel Messenger islil, 50 
per au"u:u in adTance. Any one sending ten names and $15.00, 
will receive the paper free one year. 

A;wnts IVitnteiT in eTery locality to gather subscribers. 
3am] sai agents" outfit free, 

Send in ij J[oney. — Send money by Drafts, Postal Orders, 
•is red Leners. Drafts and Postal Orders should be 
tie to the Brethren's Publishing Co. Postal Or- 
•-st be made payable at the office to which they are sent. 
lloic To Address. — Subscriptions and communicati< ns 
for the Gospel MESSENGER, as well as all orders for Hymn 
- ■:.. may be addressed either of the following ways: 
Brethren's Publishing Co., Mt. Morris, Ogle Co., 111. 
Bbethren's Publishing Co., Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 
ITi/inn Books and Hymnals to be sent by mail may be 
ordered from either place. W hen to be sent by Express, order 
from the nearest office 

Ztft. Morris, 111., 

Jan. 1, 1884. 


A Happy New Year's greeting to all our 

Bro. I. J. Kosenberger closed Lis meet- 
ing at Andrews, Ind,, with three additions by 

One brother writes: "As I am a sheep 
without a shepherd, I cannot do without the 


Bro. J. M. Snyder, of Grundy Center, 
Iowa., writes that the church at that place is 
in a good condition, and they expect to hold 
a series of meetings soon. 

An excellent article from Bro. Alex. W' 
Reese, intended for this issue, came just a 
little too late. It will however lose none of 
its freshness by waiting till next week. 

On account of ill health, Bro. D. B. Gibson 
had to close his meeting at Lacon, 111., soon- 
er than he expected. There were seven add- 
ed to the church, mostly heads of families. 

We mail this number to all the subscribers 
both old and new, on our list, and have 
enough left to supply what new names may 
yet come in. Those who have not yet 
renewed their subscription, will please take 
notice, that this is the last number tbey will 
receive unless they renew. Hence they 
should at once examine the date to the right 
of their name, and if their time has expired, 
should renew immediately. We send this 
issue out a little early, so as to give sub- 
scribers a feic days' time to get in their 
renewals before the mailing clerk removes 
t . Lr tittups from our list. Many are in 
the hal>it "f delaying their renewal till the 
middle of January, when it is often too late 
to supply them with the back numbers. We 
invite everybody to renew, but if through your 
neglect your name is taken from the list, and 
the paper fails to reach you, please do not 
Jens ire us. Some think we ought to know 
that they do not want their paper stopped. 
We have no way of knowing anything of the 
kind. Our mailing clerk is instructed to 
show no partiality, and when a subscription 
expire.-;, to remove the name from the list. 

.rdy way we know of to do busi- 

the square. However, if any 

a should occur, inform us of them, 

and we will cheerfully correct them. Please 

remember, that if you intend to renew at all, 

right now before you forget it. 

Bro. Geo. Btjcheb wishes it stated that 
ot Millbach, Pa., as stated in 
the Almanac, but Kleinfeldersville, Pa. 

Bro. L. E. Miller writes that the new 
meeting-house in Nappanee, Ind., will soon 
be completed. It is built of brick, size 
10x60, and 18 feet in the clear; self-support- 
ing roof. 

Over one dozen articles of church news 
are crowded out this week. They will ap- 
pear next week. We happened to get in a 
few long reports this issue, which crowded 
the short ones out. 

In Bro. D. L. Miller's letter from Europe, 
last week, is an error. Speaking of Dresden, 
the types make him say, "the places of wor- 
ship were generally closed on the Lord's 
Day." It should be "places of business 
closed, etc." 

Next week we will commence publishing 
a series of articles on "The Fulfillment of 
Prophecy," by Eld. D. E. Price of this con- 
gtvghtion. These articles will be read v\i>h 
considerable interest by those who have given 
this subject thought. 

Bro. Enoch Eby is now in Cerro Gordo, 
111. He may spend some time in Southern 
Illinois. Just before starting south, he held 
eight meetings in Cadiz, Green Co., Wis., 
with good and increasing interest. He may 
continue the meetings after his return. 

In our last issue we spoke of the fine 
weather in Northern Illinois. We had 
scarcely got the forms on the press when it 
commenced growing colder, and within a few 
hours Winter had commenced in real earnest. 
The ground is now covered with snow, and 
the weather is quite cold. 

One of our contributors who has been 
writing for our periodicals for many years, 
and who expects to write much for the Mes- 
senger this year, says: "I do not think you 
will have any personalities in my writing." — 
We commend our brother for his good 
sense of propriety. Personalities in religious 
papers are not only a discredit to the writer, 
but reflect severely on the cause he advo- 

Send to J. M Snyder, Grundy Center, la., 
the names of all the members who read Gei - 
He would like to send them a sample 


copy of the German paper he is publishing. 

We clip the following from the German- 
town, (Pa.) Guide of Dec. 15: 

"To-morrow morning a "protracted meet- 
ing" will be commenced by the church of the 
Brethren at the Dunkard Meeting-house, 
Main street, above Sharpnack, and continue 
every evening during the week. A number 
of speakers may be expected, among them 
Mr. J. M. Mohler, of Lewistown, Pa. 

This week one brother donates §10.00 to 
the Poor Fund, for the purpose of sending 
the Messenger, to those who are too poor to 
pay for it. "This man shall be blessed in 
his deed" ( Jas. 1 : 25 ). "For ye have the poor 
with you always, and whensoever ye will, ye 
may do them good." Mark 11: 7. How can 
you do the poor more good spiritually than 
to send them a good religious paper one 
year ? 

The Disciples of Christ is the title of a 
new semi-monthly published by the Stand- 
ard Publishing Co., Cincinnati, Ohio. The 
first issue is on our table. The leading ob- 
ject of the journal is to preserve in a suitable 
form for binding the best literature produced 
in the interest of the Disciple Church The 
present number contains two finely executed 
engravings. Price 82.00 per annum, or 10 
cents per copy. 

Bro. J. S. Flory is now at Los Angeles, 
in the southern part of California. By some 
travelers that is pronounced the most de- 
lightful spot in America, the land of perpet- 
ual flowers, where the orange, lemons, fig, 
olive and many other fruits grow in abuu- 
dance. As Bro. Flory expects to remain 
there some months, he proposes to give our 
veadeis a number of letters from that local- 
ity. This will be quite a treat to our read- 
ers. See his interebting letter next week. 

When the papers were consolidated, quite 
a number had not yet settled their accounts 
with the Brethren at Work. Statements 
have been sent to them, but from a number 
we can get no response. It seems to us that 
that is not just the right way of doing busi- 
ness. They should at least let us hear from 
them. We hope on seeing this notice, they 
will respond irn mediately, by addressing 
Miller & Amick, Mt. Morris, 111., as they 
have the books containing the old accounts. 

Contributors should not depend upon 
their memory when quoting Scripture in 
their articles. They should invariably copy 
their quotations from the Book, giving the 
punctuation, spelling and capitals just as it 
stands in the sacred record. It is much to 
their discredit when misquotations are found 
in their articles. There is not one person in 
five hundred, who can quote and punctuate 
Scripture correctly from memory. Also 
place the quotation marks before and after 
quotations, thus, "Jesus wept.'* 



In the Union congregation, Marshall Co., 
Incl., G. W. Cook has been ordained to the 
eldership, Jacob Siders and Aaron Kreigh- 
baum advanced to the second degree of the 
ministry; John Holeni and John Apple- 
man elected to the ministry, and seven breth- 
ren elected to the deaconship. 

We aim to devote the last page of the 
Messenger to reliable advertisements. This 
week Dr. Fahrney takes the entire page. In 
all of our dealings with Bro. Fahrney we 
have found him strictly honest and very 
punctual in all of his business matters. We 
are also doing considerable job-printing for 

One of our readers says, last year he sent 
the paper to an outsider at his own expense; 
this year the outsider decides to renew, and 
pay for the paper himself. Our correspond- 
ent says he will try the same experiment 
with another outsider this year. Remember, 
that when you send the paper as a donation 
to another at your own expense, you can have 
it for one dollar. We hope many will avail 
themselves of the opportunity of doing a 
good thing for those who would likely be 
benefitted by reading the Messenger. 

Occasionally some one writes us that the 
members at his place need a thorough warm- 
ing up; they are too cold and indifferent. 
That is for the want of Christian exercise. 
Laboring men would freeze this cold weath- 
er, if it were not for the exercise they get in 
their work. So with the church; members 
need something to do, something to interest 
them in the cause of Christianity. Have 
plenty of meetings, and labor tohave all the 
members to attend well. Encourage them to 
take a part in the singing and prayer. Get 
them to feel an interest in church work gen- 
erally, and they will warm up with the exer- 
cise that their work in the church gives. 

Some of our correspondents must please 
excuse us, for scratching the dinners, slippers 
and sleeping places out of their communi- 

We are of the opinion that Bro. Jesse 
Cro^swhite's reasonings in this issue, con- 
cerning the wife obeying her husband in all 
things, is not above lawful criticism. It is 
thfi duty of the wife to obey her husband so 
long as he does not require her to violaie the 
law of God. Wheu his demands of her 
reach that point, it then becomes a question 
whether she is to obey God or man. "We 
ought to obey God rather than man." Acts 
5:29. In Rom. 13:1, Paul says: "Let every 
soul be subject unto the higher powers," 
while Peter writes, "Submit yourselves to 
every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake; 
whether it be to the king, as supreme; or un- 
to governors, etc." 1. Pet. 2:13. When the 
higher powers— kings and governors — com- 
mand us to do wrong, it then becomes our 
duty to disobey the "higher powers." The 
wife in rendering obedience to her hus- 
band, is to be governed by the same princi- 
ple; — obey her husband in all things that are 
in harmony with the teachings of the Script- 
ures. To say that the wife must obey her 
husband right or wrong, would be to admit 
a principle by which it could be proven that 
we should also obey kings and governors 
even in things contrary to the Gospel. 


We are pleased to announce that Bro. D. L. 
Miller and wife have decided to visit Pales- 
tine, and write up a complete description of 
the Holy Land for the Messenger. We are 
confident that this announcement will be 
hailed with joy by all of our readers through- 
out the United States and Canada. Bro. 
Miller's letters from Germany are giving the 
best of satisfaction, and are read with intense 
interest wherever the Messenger circulates. 
We assure our readers that his letters from 
the Bible Lands will prove far more interest- 
ing and instructive. Bro. Miller is now in 
Halle, Germany. He has arranged to spend 
three weeks in Denmark, and then return to 
Germany. After that his preparations for 
his trip to Palestine will commence. In the 
meantime our readers will be treated to a 
number of letters from Denmark and 
Germany. Then they will have the pleasure 
of reading his letters from Palestine. After 
reading this announcement, perhaps not one 
of our present readers will care to be without 
the Messenger, and thousands of others 
would gladly take the paper if informed of 
this fact. We hope our agents and friends 
every-where will make* the proper use of this 
important feature of the Messenger as an 
additional inducement to subscribers. This 
trip will cost the Messenger considerable, as 
we have agreed to pay Bro. Miller's entire ex- 
penses through Palestine and return. We do 
this solely for the benefit of our readers, 
feeling assured that by proper efforts our list 
could be increased sufficiently to justify the 
additional expense thus incurred. We would 
like to have made this announcement earlier, 
but did not get the arrangements completed 
till this week. _______„___ 


Under the kind providence of our heaven- 
ly Father, we are permitted to begin another 
year's work of our editorial labor, and to pre- 
sent to our friends and patrons the first num- 
ber of The Gospel Messenger, of Vol. 
XXII. And in view of the name, character, 
and design of our paper, we salute them with 
the expressive, Christian, and apostolic salu- 
tation, "Grace be unto you, and peace, from 
God the Father, and from our Lord Jesus 

We enter upon our new year of labor with 
hope and encouragement. Our hearts are in- 
spired with these from the consciousness we 
feel that our work is a good one; that it com- 
mends itself to the Lord whom we are try- 
ing to honor and serve with our work; that 
The Gospel Messenger will receive a hearty 
welcome by many who have hitherto enjoy- 
ed its encouragements, instructions and coun- 
sels, as they have expressed their approval of 

In offering a new volume of our work to 
our numerous readers, we do not consider it 
necessary to give a lengthy introduction, and 
to give a full explanation of the principles 
we design to maintain in The Gospel Mes- 
senger. As it may justly be regarded as the 
organ of the Brethren, or German Baptist 
church, the Christian principles, character, 
experience, and ordinances as held by the 
Brethren and taught in the Gospel, will be 
advocated and promulgated through The 
Gospel Messenger. But as we shall labor 
to cultivate the spirit of Christianity as well 
as its form, and everything pertaining to it, 
we shall endeavor to be governed by the spirit 
of Christianity, and to exemplify it in our 

The writer, as senior editor, is acquainted 
with his co- laborers in our publishing work, 
and thinks he can justly and with propriety 
say, that we have all felt a growing feeling 
of the weight of responsibility that rests 
upon us in our Avork, and with that have felt 
an increasing desire to make The Gospel 
Messenger an auxiliary to the ministry, and 
a paper that our Brethren can read to edifi- 
cation, and recommend with a good con- 
science to their neighbors and friends. 

And we hope that our correspondents will 
feel somewhat as the editors and publishers 
feel in regard to the responsibility that at- 
tends our work. And we would remind them 
that their contributions will be read by fifty 
thousand readers, old and young. And this 
being the case, let everything connected with, 
and having a bearing upon the spiritual inter- 
ests of so many, be weighed in the balance 
of the sanctuary, and be found of the right 
weight. For their past favors we are thank- 
ful and request a continuation of them. 

We expect to continue all the different de- 
partments of the Messenger as heretofore, 
the Essay Department, the Sermon Depart- 
ment, the Correspondence Department with 
the others, and we shall try to fill them all 
with the most instructive and edifying mat- 
ter that we can obtain. And such changes 
and improvements will be made from time 
to time that we shall judge conducive to the 
success of our Christian work. 

With the increased experience that the edi- 
tors, publishers and contributors have, and 
with the blessing of God, (and that we may 
have that blessing we ask the prayers of our 
Brethren) we hope our present volume will 
be an improvement upon the past. J. Q, 

Donations Received at tliis Office to send 
tlie Payer to the Poor. 

David Bothrock 15 

J. A. Weaver 50 

Elijah Horn 40 00 

Joseph Winger 65 

Previously reported 29 90 

Total $71 15 

Papers sent to the poor to the amount 

of $103 45 




" : ree 
thy s ■ - 
• is 
- ' " y ' i 
- of his bin Any arms 
5 iron . ".. s 

?p, and black, and long, 
s -v ihe tan; 
is w< r w Hi I ones! sweat, 
H • - '• - ate'er 1 e ran, 
lb- - •• Id in the face, 

s not any man. 

Week in. w )in mom till night, 

his bellows blow; 
swing his heavy sledge, 
surv d beat and - 

- . . . ringing the v linge bell, 
evening sun is low. 

And ii g home Worn, school, 

. in at the open dooi ; 
love to see the flaming forge, 
A:: • e bellows roar, 

h the burning sprrts that fly, 
Like m a threshing tl or. 

S i lay to the clinch, 
■ - nuong hi? boys, 
He hears the parson pray and preach, 
ITe hears his daughter's voice 

2 in the village choir. 
And it makes his heart rejoice. 

It i^unds to him like her mother's voice, 

8 . a; in paradise! 
He needs must think of her once more, 

Now in the grave she lies; 
And with his rough hard hand he wipes 

A tear out ot his eyes. 

Toil i d 2 — rejoicing — soi rowing, 
On wand through life he goes; 

h morning sees some task begun, 
Each evening sees it close; 

- g attempted, something done, 
:d a night's repose 

oiks, th:nks to thee, my worthy friend, 
For ' >- ii thou hast taught! 
Thu- ming forge of Life 

mes must be wrought; ■ 
iiding anvil shaped, 
Each burning deed and thought. 




"Fightings -without and fears within, 

perils 1 ' on every hand and yet, happy is the 

pie whose God is the Lord. No other 

the pure and abiding enjoyment 

has. A pilgrim and a stranger 

for <: a little while" and then cometh the 

-■' in tl beyond. 

Joining church is but the initiation to 

what is termed a warfare with the watchword : 

Be - forward for the prize. 

aterril take to think that the work 

when you have iden- 

- \t with some church. Re 

ber ' maud, "Go,v:orl in my vineyard". 

you can do for him, 

dor fully, willingly, and "with your 

fa needs work< rsof m< t- 

o will persevere in spite of all ob- 

rgetic will-power, who 

- ■ subjection to 

'erso i are offo □ found 

king away off on the verge of the horizon 

to find their duties, when they are lying close 
at hand. In the home circle, in the every- 
day-life, Christ's teaching should be followed 
and practiced, and though no word may be 

spoken bearing directly upon the subject, yet 
those around us will surely feel, and see 
clearly that we are walking with God. 
"What can be more glorious than to walk in 
the light of his countenance and catching 
the illumination of his presence, reflecting it 
unto others. And what a sweet fellowship 
to share the life of Christ, and by purity of 
character, and the bright light be a witness 
to those about us. 

Temptations, trials, and sorrows will come, 
but no more than we are able to bear, for "he 
remembereth that we are but dust" and has 
promised to be a helper, ever present. Our 
strength may not be sufficient to resist the 
tempter; that is just the time when God will 
helvj us. Is it not a sweet thought, that all 
our temptations, trials, sorrows and disap- 
pointments are working together for our 
good in the marvelous alchemy of God's love 
and wisdom. 

To be like Jesus here and live with him 
throughout eternity, is the apex of a Chris- 
tian life. May we prove faithful, that when 
life wears to its close, and the "shadows of 
the path becomes deeper," we may look 
through the vista of time, upon years spent 
in God's service, and know and feel that he 
has led us all the way, and now, although 
yet overshadowed by clouds, our faith grows 
brighter and we await the hour, not troubled 
nor comfortless, when we shall be with him, 
where he is, in the light of the shadowless, 
"eternal noon." 

Mainland, Pa. 



In G. M. No.45, Brother James Evans de- 
sires an explanation of certain theories ad- 
vanced in an article entitled "Worthiness" 
published in the G. M. about the first of Oct. 
I would have replied sooner, but I have 
been from home for two months, and did not 
see Bro. -Evans' note until very recently. 
Nor will I now attempt an exhaustive review 
of the important subjects involved, as, for 
the past two weeks, I have been constantly 
engaged, night and day, nursing the sick, 
and have no immediate prospect of rel'ef. — 
Under these circumstances it is impossible 
to give the subject that consideration, or to 
pursue that thorough.investigation so neces- 
sary to a clear understanding" of all the great 
truths and facts which it embraces. In the 
near future, when we shall have again settled 
down to regular work, we promise Bro. Evans 
and the readers of the G. M. an exposition of 
the great and glorious doctrines of substitu- 
tion, and imputed righteousness, than which 
no other more clearly illustrates the exceed- 
ing and unsearchable riches of Divine Grace. 
Would that an abler, worthier hand should 
unlock these storehouses of everlasting con- 
solation, until every heart should throb with 
, spiritual joy, and overflow with praise. 

I do not think, nor did I mean to say in 
the article referred to, that the sins of every 
human being were punished in the person of 
Christ, bat only the sins of all believers, in 
all ages. We are told in so many words in 
1 Pet. 2: 24, that the sins of believers were 
punished in the person of Christ on tli3 cross, 
and it is by virtue of this fact that we are 
justified or through faith, entitled to life. — 
Death is the fruit and penalty. Man lives, 
not by virtue of his own merit, but the merit 
(righteousness) of Christ. This imputed 
righteousness does not invalidate the doc- 
trine, or remove the necessity of personal 
righteousness. It promotes it, establishes it, 
it is the very root of all acceptable personal 
righteousness, far whoever obtains the right- 
eousness which is by faith, lives no longer 
unto himself, but unto God. God, then, 
works in him botlrto Avill, and to do of his 
good plaasure, so that he brings forth the 
fruits of righteousness. 

It will be necessary in this discussion to 
review and restate the whole doctrine of jus- 
tification for that is a vital part of the sub- 
ject. As to the difficulty about the robes, 
(which all agree represent the righteousness 
of the saints, ) if Bro. Evans will turn to Isa. 
61: 10, and Be v. G: 11, he will find where the 
saints get their robes. And if he will turn 
to Bom. 3:22, and 4: 3-8, and 10: 3, 4, he 
will find how they get their robes. 

The closest relation exists between imput- 
ed and personal righteousness, free grace 
and free agency. 

Each doctrine is repeatedly and definitely 
stated separately or apart from the other, 
presenting an apparent mystery and incon- 
sistency, but in Bro. Evans' quotation about 
the saints washing their robes, and making 
them white in the blood of the Lamb, -we 
have both doctrines standing in their proper 
relation to each other. 

Washing is here represented as the act of 
the believer, but I apprehend chat the cleans- 
ing power or efficacy, the merit, the quality 
of righteousness, is in the blood of the Lamb. 
Speculating upon the subject, aside from the 
positive statements in Isa. 61: 10 and Bev. G: 
11, we would inquire, how, where and when 
did these saints, mentioned in Bro. Evans' 
quotation, get their robes ? Before their con- 
version they had none. In the unregenerate 
state, they were spiritually naked, unless the 
doctrine of total depravity is false. Then, if 
they are afterwards found to have a robe of 
righteousness, it must have been a gift at the 
time of their regeneration. That it was pure 
and white then, who can doubt? But that it 
might become more or less defiled in the pil- 
grimage through this world, and should need 
the after-cleansing symbolized by Eeer- wash- 
ing, who can deny? That it may finally and 
effectually be made white "as no fuller on 
earth could whiten it," none will question. 


One of the religious papers has the follow- 
ing strong remarks on this subject; it drives 
the nail up to the head, and clinches it: "Men 
may sophisticate as they please. They can 


1 1 

never make it right, and all the bankrupt 
laws in the universe cannot make it right 
for them not to pay their debts. There is a 
sin in neglect as clear and deserving of church 
discipline as in stealing or false swearing. — 
He who violates his promise to pay, or with- 
holds the payment of a debt when it is in his 
power to meet his engagement, ought to be 
made to feel that in the sight of all honest 
men, he is a swindler. Religion may be a 
very comfortable cloak under which to hide; 
but if religion does not make a man deal 
justly, it is not worth having." 


As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far 

Sounding' out the Word— Basis, Rom, 
10: 18. 

After meeting with the saints in the Bell- 
viile (Ivan.) church, Nov. 25, Bro. Lemuel 
Hillery and the writer drove twenty- two miles 
across the prairies amidst the cold north-west 
wind, and the same evening held forth the 
Word in the Fairview school-house, near the 
home of the writer. Here the doctrine had 
never yet been fully taught, hence the people 
listened with interest. Each evening wit- 
nessed an increase in the number of hearers, 
so that, at the close of the week, all the avail- 
able room in the house was occupied. On 
Friday Bro. Hillery was called home on ac- 
count of the illness of his dear old father, 
our beloved brother and child of God. I 
continued the meetings until the evening of 
Dec. 5, when, on account of appointments 
fifseen miles south, I had to close. The in- 
*' terest was most excellent, and the people 
seemingly desirous of hearing the Word. — 
We are glad to observe that the character 
and standing of the people in this vicinity 
are excellent. 

Our council, Dec. 1, was one of harmony 
and enjoyment. Bro. Eli Renner, C. Kinsey, 
and C. J. Gish; of Burr Oak, came over and 
helped us. I now feel that the White Bock 
church has cohesiveness, and that this peo- 
ple desire to contend for the narrow way, the 
successful method. They are ready to sound 
out the Gospel; to oppose heresies; to build 
urj in love; to walk in fellowship and prayers 
and communion with God, Christ and the 
Holy Ghost. 

I should have mentioned in the proper 
place, that on Nov. 29, at 10 A. M., we met in 
public worship, agreeably to the wish of the 
President of the realm, and had a glorious 
meeting, founded on Bom. 23: 1. Bro. Hil- 
lery. gave us some practical lessons on being 
subject to the "powers that be." Bro. Lem- 
uel is well-read in the things which trouble 
Zion, as well as in the Divine Record; and 
with boldness attacks sin, and the friends of 
sin, so that none have excuse. He has set 
his face against things that lean toward 
■ Rome. 

Thursday, Dec. 6, we began a series of 
meetings about twenty miles south, where 
sister Miller lives, but owing to other ar- 
rangements, we deferred the meetings after 

preaching three sermons, and went to the 
east side of Republic county, to preach the 

Sister Amanda Miller is a relative of Geo. 
Washington, who was her great grand-uncle. 
Her great- grandmother was a sister of Gen- 
eral Washington. This siste ■ married Mc- 
Carty, and a daughter of his married Russell. 
There is in the possession of sister Miller a 
shoe that was worn by Mrs. McOarty, which 
shoe is a real curiosity, having been made 
and worn before the Revolutionary War. — 
One can readily trace the features of the 
Washingtons in the face of sister Miller, 
formerly Amanda Russell. M. M. E. 

From J. W. Southwood.— Dec. 12. 

Dear Brethren : — 

Our series of meetings at Andrews con- 
ducted by our much beloved, and earnest 
brother, I. J. Rosenberger, closed last night. 
The result was three by baptism, and two re- 
claimed, and the church greatly revived. — 
And even more than this, we are under the 
impression - that many more have treasured 
up, at least some of the much good and loyal 
seed sown. May the Lord bless. 

Monument City, Did. 

From Coon River, Iowa.— Dec. 13. 

Dear Brethren: — 

I have just closed a series of meetings 
here, with full attendance and growing inter- 
est. Only three members here; others ap- 
pear to be counting the cost. Ministers trav- 
eling over the Council Bluffs Branch of the 
C. M. & St. P. R. R., should make arrangements 
to stop off at Coon Rapids and preach here. 
You will be heartily welcomed by our many 
friends here. Send postal to Bro. D. W. 
Hendricks, at Coon Rapids, and he will meet 
you at the station at any time. 

J. D. Haughtelin. 

Our Return From Arkansas. 

Dear Brethren: — 

After the Feast at Round Mountain, 
we started on our homeward journey; travel- 
ed as far as a place called Rogers, a thriving 
town, looking much like our Northern towns, 
at the junction of the Bentonville Branch, 
with the Fayetteville R. R. Here we bid 
adieu to our traveling companion, and board- 
ed the train for Springfield, Mo. Here we 
found some six or eight members, who treat- 
ed us very kindly, and through the kindness 
of Bro. P. R. Wortz, I was furnished with a 
pony and saddle, and started South in search 
of members, in the neighborhood where Hen- 
ry Clay formerly officiated. I heard of but 
two members where was, at one time, a fair 
start to build up a church, and no doubt 
there would be, by this time, if their shep- 
herd had not deserted and left them to the 
mercy, or rather malice of the enemy. This 
is one of the best sections of Missouri. The 
lani is a dark red soil, excellent for either 
wheat or corn, in fact, good for anything 
raised in this latitude. I think some well- 

to-do minister should move into this section. 
The people are anxious to hear the doctrine 
preached. There is but little chance for 
people of limited means, as land is rating 
at forty to sixty dollars per acre. The land 
east and north of town is rough, but south 
west it is fine. 

I visited the military cemetery, four miles 
south-east of town. There lie over fifteen 
hundred of the bravr? soldiers who fell at the 
battle of Wilson Creek, during the late Re- 
bellion. The cemetery is a lot of about five 
acres, surrounded by a substantial stone 
fence, laid in mortar, and nicely capped. — 
The lot is a beautiful lawn of blue grass, all 
studded with evergreens and various other 
ornamental trees. It has a large mound in 
the centre, upon which is a high pole, from 
whose top the national colors float day and 
night. One thing attracted my attention, 
that was the uniformity of the tombstones, 
all in straight rows, and none of them more 
than a foot above ground. Here all are 
brought to a common level. I thought how 
much better it would be if all Christian 
churches would adopt this plain, unassuming, . 
rule, and not try and outdo or excel in erect- 
ing costly tombstones. Then the poor could 
also mark the place of their dead. Parents 
who havo sons lying here need have no fears 
that they will be disturbed or have their 
graves desecrated by intruders, as there is a 
keeper living in the enclosure, who takes 
care of the grounds, and locks the gate at 

, Springfield is a city of about 18,000 inhab- 
itants. It is the highest point on the St. 
Louis and San Fransisco R. R ; has excel- 
lent water and is improving as fast as any 
city in the State, since the Kansas City and 
Memphis road is completed, which runs 
through the heart of the city. They have 
splendid water-works, fed by a strong spring 
about three miles from the city. The breth- 
ren here are very anxious to have some min- 
ister move in, and brethren traveling should 
stop and preach for them. We gave them 
two meetings. Two young ladies expressed 
themselves about ready to follow the Master. 
I will now close this article, hoping that 
ministers traveling through Springfield, will 
remember the scattered sheep, and feed them. 
The names of them are P. R. Wortz and 
wife, John Bemisdarfer and wife, John Fer- 
guson, and a man by the name of Frame, and 
wife, also one Writesman and wife. You 
will find Bro. Wortz by going to the public 
square,' and taking the People's Railroad to 
the corner of Jefferson and Sycamore streets, 
and he can tell you where the others live. 

S. Click. 
Nevada, Mo. 


Kiitie Ilursh, Well Beloved in Christ: — 

Your beautiful and tender missive 
is here. To-day's mail was heavy, and 
brought me the groans and sobs and tears of 
hearts whom death has rent. My protract- 
ed suffering seems to draw others who are in 
the furnace. Let us suffer and weep and pray 



and hope and rejoice together. I have in a 
manner grown in love with Buffering and 
Pri . : of Suffer era is the 
gnet for all the pa\n-smitten and sorrow- 
God himself became not only 
hum .. of Borrows acquainted 

with grief." This is wonderful, almost in- 
.ble. and yet it would be move wonder- 
ful if it had been otherwise. There was a 
i of Love in God utterly beyond our 
ion. It was more than compassion. 
It would have been spiritually more painful 
to withhold than to give the sacrifice 
of Himself. Let us duly consider the nature 
of pure and intense self-forgetting love even 
- xhibited by imperfect mortals. Again 
tnd igain we witness the most astonishing 
dees by mothers and sisters and wives 
witl . surance that not to make them 

would be infinitely harder. Love grudges 
Its only limit of sacrifice is the 
ssi ilitdes of life itself . The professed love 
to tL .ded that spends 810 a year for 

1 perhaps not 10 dimes for the ex- 
. -ion of the Kingdom of Truth, is a wretch- 
ed burlesque. The money now squandered 
on vanities in the church, while our benevo- 
lent enterprises are languishing, will some 
day return as fiery witnesses to our selfish- 
and moral defalcation. "Erce Homo," 
uttered by the lips of a murderer, God is not- 
withstanding the author of this thrilling 
declaration. Paul translates Pilate, "looking 
nlo Jesiis". This book is to be perpetual 
ife-concentrative. It is not a look now 
and then, but a steady, unbroken gaze that 
blends and vocalizes all the powers of the 
soul. This is only another way of spelling 
Love. God is love, and he knows the best 
modes of manifestation. You feel sad 
because you have laid your dear, darling, 
brother in the grave. You go to the tomb 
-ep there; Jesus stands beside you, and 
the tears of sympathy roll over his cheeks. 

"Lo, I am with you always." This is for 
you, and for all whose hearts and homes are 
made desolate by the relentless spoiler. — 
3 are not all material and fluid, God al- 
- according to his spirituality and 
sua wept" and weeps still, he loves you 
and helps to bear your burdens and share 
bat now rends your bosom. He 
. )tten Bethany, Gethsemane, and 
y and struggle incessantly, that the 
death ol >ul-entwined Lazarus may be 

of mighty displays of divine love 
and power towards you. Impeach not the 
divine goodness, he wounds to heal. His 
purposes are vast and complicated, and far- 
be wants us to acquiesce with 
gnanimity of child-like 
.. Death i.-; one of the inevitable se- 
quences of the fruit transgression, and to 
nctify it, and make it the in- 
let t >n than that to which sin 
r > '. '/ came a man, and suc- 
cour, earful stroke which sin alone 
which omnipotent love 
:. triumph. The Divine Incarnation 
turns the devil's most nauseous wormwood 

into honej-. Let this be the onegreat thought 
and longing, and fact of your life. God in 
me, my being's deepest verity, my "peace 
which passeth all understanding," my "joy 
unspeakable, and full of glory." Be in earn- 
est; strip off everything that comports not 
with the Divine in-being. The reality and 
value of your life must be measured by the 
degree in which it is moulded and controlled 
in all its details by infleshcd Jehovah. Your 
brother is with Jesus: be true to your high 
calling, and you will soon rejoin him in glo- 
ry. 0. H. Balsbaugh. 

From James Evans. 

Deai' Brethren: — 

We are now near Gay lord, Sibley Co., 
Minn. We have held ten meetings already, 
and shall remain here until the 9th of the 
present month. There are a few brethren 
and sisters here, whom we love very much, 
as good, honest, simple disciples of Jesus. — 
They have no preacher nearer than Le Sueur 
and Waterville. Bro. Oblinger comes some- 
times to see them, but the distance is great. 
Bro. Bacon lives nearer, and comes some- 
times, too. The material to form a church 
there, is scarce. Many of the people around 
here are Swedes and Norwegians, and as we 
cannot preach in these tongues, we cannot 
get them out. A good German preacher 
might get a good hearing here. It is here 
that sister Barbara Roesch lives, who w T rites 
so many good things for the Bruederbote. — 
She is a mother in Israel, and seems to fill 
what Paul, in Titus 2: 2-4, requires aged 
women to be. Notwithstanding the draw- 
backs, a good many came out to hear. These 
are convinced that we have the truth. We 
think some are very near us; almost persuad- 
ed. There are some here who . once belong- 
ed to the fold, who are out in the cold. They 
are kind and friendly to us, and we hope 
that they will soon return. A sister once 
lived here, who now sleeps in Jesus. She 
was an exemplary saint, beloved of all who 
knew her, but, since her death, her husband 
and daughter have wandered from the fold. 
One son follows in his dear mother's foot- 
steps. We would rejoice to see this father 
and daughter return to their first love. Dear 
friends, if you read these lines, let one who 
loves your souls exhort you to return and 
live, and be where Jesus is, wdiere you will 
meet the loved lost one, whose life is now in 

From Union Congregation, Marshall Co., 
la. — Dec. 7. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Friday evening, December 7th, Elders 
Daniel Bupel, Jesse Calvert, and the writer 
met the Union congregation, Marshall Co., 
Indiana, in public worship. Next morning 
we met in council-meeting to advance and 
elect oilicers to serve said church. Bro. W. 
G. Cook was advanced to the full ministry. — 
Br'n Jacob Siders and Aaron Kreighbaum 
were advanced to the second degree, Br'n 
John Holem and John Appleman were chos- 
en to the ministry, and Br'n Eli Bottorff, S. 

Bairigh, J^mes Jones, Frank Hendricks, 
O. Deen, Noah Beplogle and John Hoover 
were chosen to serve as deacons. The charg- 
es, solemn and grave, were carefully laid be- 
fore them and each one was asked whether he 
would carry into effect the duties enjoined 
upon him by the Gospel as understood by 
the general Brotherhood in their several call- 
ings, to which each answered in the affirma- 

They were then duly installed amid tears 
and the usual solemnity, peculiar to occasions 
of this kind. This congregation is under the 
care of Eld. John Knisely, and numbers 
something over 200 members, and is in ex- 
cellent working order, showing that Bro. 
Knisely is a careful and efficient elder, and 
is worthy of double honor. They have a 
good Sabbath- school in Summer and prayer- 
meeting in Winter. We have assisted in 
holding a number of elections in the last few 
years, but this was the largest, as well as one 
of the very best that we ever assisted in hold- 
ing. One added by baptism. Bro. Calvert 
remains with them. W. B. Deeter. 

From Franklin Co., la.— Dec. 13. 

Dear Brethren: — ■ 

The little band of fifteen brethren and 
sisters in Franklin county, Iowa, is in health 
as far as I know, both spiritually and tem- 
porally. Eight years ago, myself and wife 
moved to this county. We found brother 
and sister Beed here who were the only mem- 
bers in this neighborhood at that time. We 
now number fifteen, within three miles of 
space. We belong to to the Cold Water 
church, of which Bro. J. T. Eikenberry is 
the elder. Have had regular meeting every 
four weeks, but the last year every two 
weeks. The prospects here are good. My 
address is Dumont, Butler Co., la. 

Jos. M. Haxawalt. 

My Visit to Shenandoah Valley, Ya, 

Dear Brethren: — 

Ox November 14th, at 9 A. M., father 
and I boarded the train on the I. B. W. B. 
B., and arrived at Harper's Ferry the next 
morning at 4 A. M. Duiing the time we 
had to wait for the train going South, we 
visited some parts of the town, so much read 
of during the late war. We also visited the 
colored Normal school, and were well pleased 
with it. Here we met Bro. D. iShively, of 
Northern Indiana; he was going to the 
southern part of the State. At 11 A. M. we 
took the train, and arrived at Timberville at 
3 P. M. We were met by Bro. John W. 
Driver and convej T ed to the home of Eld. S. 
H. Myers, of the Flat Bock District, near 
whose home a meeting was appointed the 
evening before, but we were unable to reach 
it in time. Next day we were taken to Bro. 
James Early's and from there went over to 
Bro. E. Hoover's; then came back to Bro. 
Early's and had a meeting in the evening at 
his house, for the special benefit of sister 
Early, who is old and very nearly blind, but 
was made to rejoice to know that she is not 
spiritually blind. 



On the 17th, brethren Myers and Early 
took us to a council-meeting in the Cedar 
Grove chinch; business passed off pleasantly. 
One was baptized after the council. This 
church is in the Flat Kock District, and Br'n 
A. Neff, D. Hays, J. Eller and S. H. Myers 
are the elders. Ministers are M. Good, B. 
Neff and J. F. Driver, with a membership of 
about 300. On Sunday we preached in this 
district at a place called Liberty; had a good 
congregation. At night, preached in the 
Brethren's new house in Timberville. Next 
day, Bro. 8. Smucker conveyed us to the 
Linnville District. Here I saw the place 
where the A. M. was held a few years ago. — 
Visited the grave of Bro. John Cline, who 
was killed during the late war. I forgot to 
mention that we visited old Bro. Samuel 
Cline; he is a brother of John, and at pres- 
ent he is very much afflicted. In this dis- 
trict, S. Zigler and Christian Wine are the 
elders. The ministers are M. Cline, F. Cline, 
J. P. Zigler, Joseph Sheckel, M. Boiler, J. 
Daugherty, and D. Turner. The membership 
is about 400. Next day we visited Bro. M. 
Zigler's, who lives in the house that old 
Bro. Peter Nead occupied in his younger 
days. Bro. Nead began his preaching in 
this church. Towards evening we were tak- 
en to the Green Mount church by Brethren 
Zigler and Myers; here we had preaching at 
night. We remained at night with Bro. Ja- 
cob Miller. 

The elders in this district are Brethren 
Jacob Mills and Benjamin Mills, and the 
ministers are J. Myers, F. Wampler, and Ja- 
cob Garver. In this church Wm. C. Thur- 
man had his membership. Although they 
have had their troubles in days past, we were 
glad to find prosperity surrounding them at 
present. On the 21st we were taken to 
Bridgewater, where Ave preached at night, in 
the Brethren's new hou&e. We remained 
here two nights, and during the time we 
were there, we visited Eld. Solomon Garber, 
who has devoted a great part of his time in 
working for the Master. We also remained 
one night with Bro. S. F. Sanger, a minister 
in this church. Next morning father and I 
concluded to walk up Bound Hill, which is 
west of Bro. Sanger's house. We supposed 
it was not very far to the summit, but were 
disappointed; and were very much fatigued, 
especially myself, in carrying about 200 
pounds avoirdupois. We thought the hill 
had underbrush growing on its summit, but 
on ascending it, we found they were* large 
trees. Another time we were disappointed 
somewhat similar to the one just related. — 
We were made to reflect on the way that Je- 
sus has marked out for us. After climbing 
this hill, it made me have perfect confidence 
in the brethren's statements regarding the 
height of hills and mountains, because they 
have been there. Just so, we ought to have 
that cocfidence in what Jesus tells us about 
the way to heaven, because he has been 

Bridgewater is in the Cook's Creek Dis- 
trict, and Solomon Garber and John Miller 
are the elders. Peter Miller, S. F. Sanger, 
John Flory, and Joseph Kagy are the minis- 

ters, with a membership of about 450. At 
this place the Brethren have a Normal School 
worthy the attention of the one who desires 
to be educated. I here remark to the Breth- 
ren that you need not fear but that those who 
attend the school will be brought up under 
the influence of the church. The Cook's 
Creek brethren are strong advocates of the 
doctrines of the church. The instructors are 
very c mpetent for the work that they are 
engaged in. Bro. John Flory is general 
manager; Bro. D. C. Florj^, principal; Br'n 
J. E. Miller, G. B. Holsinger and sister 
Sally Kagy are teachers, with about fifty 
students in attendance. They have a very 
commodious house, with forty rooms. At 11 

A. M. we had an appointment in the Beaver 
Creek church. This district is well supplied 
with ministers. George Wine and Jacob 
Thomas are the elders. Joseph M., Joseph 
A., and Martin P. Miller, Geo. W. Wine, 
Peter Cline, John Click, Emmanuel Long, 
Anthony A. Miller are the ministers. Their 
territorial charge of members is about 800. — 
From here we were conveyed by Br'n Thom- 
as and Long to the Mill Creek District; had 
meeting the same night and also the next 
day at 11 A. M. Here is where Bro. Isaac 
Long lives; he and Bro, Christian Hart- 
man are the elders. Ministers are Freder- 
ick Miller, Samuel Petry, Samuel Cline, 
Samuel Sanger, Peter Showalter, and An- 
drew Miller, with a territorial charge of 
about 400 members. The same evening we 
were taken to the Pleasant Valley church, 
by Bro. Long, the elder, and Henry Hersh- 
berger. John and Daniel Miller are the 
elders. Abraham and Peter Garber. Samuel 
Miller, and John W. Cline, are the ministers 
with a membership of 225. Next morning 
Bro. J. B. Wampler took us to Weyer's Cave. 
While in the cave, we were made to think 
"How gi'eat and marvelous are his works." — 
Here 1 saw the names of many, among the 
number were those with whom I am acquaint- 
ed. From here we went to Bro. Joseph 
Cline' s, for supper, and afterwards preached 
in the district called Middle River, or Brick 
church. Here Bro. Levi Garber is their eld- 
er. Joseph M. Cline, Daniel Yount, Walter 

B. Yount, and Henry Early are the ministers, 
with a membership of 150. Eld. Garber en- 
tertained us at night, and in the morning we 
went over to Bro. Abraham Garber' s. After 
dinner he conveyed us back again to the 
Normal School, in Bridgewater, where we 
preached in the chapel. ^ 

Next day, Bro. Peter Miller took us to 
Harrisonburg, where we were met by our 
beloved brother, Eld. B. Miller, of the Green 
Mount church; here we preached at night. 
Next day was Thanksgiving; had meeting at 
11 A. M. In the morning before services, 
Bro. Myers, father and I, walked acroes the 
way after some Iceland spar; and found some 
very nice specimens. After services Brn. 
Myers and Bodehefner took us to Bro. Jacob 
Myers' for the night. On Bro. Jacob's farm 
is the noted ebbing and flowing spring, one 
of the most peculiar springs I ever saw. — 
Every one who goes to the Valley should go 
and see it. Next morning we went out to 

the place of the spring. It looked to me 
that it had the Avrong name, by calling it a 
spriug, for there was no water in it. We 
waited about one hour, when silently the wa- 
ter began* to flow strong enough to run a 
large mil] ; it continued for fifteen minutes, 
when it ceased. One of the peculiar things 
about it, was, that all the water that was in 
the natural basin was drawn back again. — 
This basin is 4x6 feet wide, and 18 inches 

lb is stated that several years ago, when 
there was a party traveling through this 
part of the country, they 'saw this spring; 
it was flowing at the time, hence they con- 
cluded to camp by it for the night. After 
unharnessing their horses, they went to wa- 
ter them, and, to their great astonishment, it 
had ceased running. In the afternoon Bro. 
Myers kindly conveyed us to the home of 
Bro. Daniel and David Zigler. Had preach- 
ing in the Timberville church. Next day 
at 1 P. M. preached in the Plains church, 
afterwards were conveyed to the Mount Ol- 
ive church, by Bro. S. Myers and Mr. Andes 
(hope we can say brother, ere long). The 
next morning father and I were supplied 
with horses to ride to the top of North 
Mountain, accompanied by Mr. Andes. We 
finally reached the summit and "viewed the 
landscape o'er." 

, I preached at 11 A. M. In the evening 
were conveyed again to Timberville, where 
we had the last meeting in the Valley. We 
were glad to see the members of the Valley 
laboring for union; greater love among mem- 
bers I never saw. They stand strongly op- 
posed to either of the disturbing elements, 
and woik for the general order of the church. 
At ;; meeting in the Valley, which was well 
repreieuted by elders and ministers, a reso- 
lution was passed, to stand firm for the 
Brotherhood, and to give no encouragement 
to either faction. We hope the Lord may 
help them to be firm. On December 3rd, we 
started for home with a box full of speci- 
mens. The members of the Valley have our 
thanks for their kindness to us. Beturned 
by way of AVashington, D. C, and reached 
home on the 5 th of December. 

O. F. Yount. 

A Satl Occurrence. 

Dear Brelhren: — 

On the 5th of December, sister Anna 
Dorothea, daughter of Bro. George and sis- 
ter Mary Aschenbrenner, of Garrison, Iowa, 
took a dose of poison, which caused her 
death in twenty-one hours after taking it. — 
Her mind has been deficient for some years. 
At times, she was rational during her suffer- 
ing, which was it>1ense. Her age was 20 
years, 6 months and 6 diys; funeral servic- 
es by the writer, from 1 Pet. 1: 24, 25. 

Stephen Johnson. 

Speaking of things that are bad enough, 
one of our correspondents says: "Let us be 
thankful that they are no worse." Perhaps 
that is the better view to take of things that 
we have no way of improving or avoiding. — 
They might have been worse. 



The World Moves,— so Does the Church. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Yes. the world goes on in the tenor of 
its w regardless of the fact that there is 
a church, but alas! so much cannot be said 
of the church. Instead of keeping at the 
iigi nee from the world it was when 
first launched, i: is seemingly coming in on 
a switch that forms a conjunction with the 
Id. If the magnetic influence of the 
arid overbalances the powers of God with- 
in the church so as to cause this convergence 
I . mtinue. it will not be long until the 
church will be "side-tracked," or else run on 
the same broad guage line that the world is 
running on. Indeed that is good advice we 
h ive just read, for certain ones in the church, 
who are doing an excellent work preaching, 
try and do -something by addressing the 
_ :■ audiences who listen to the silent words 
of the Messenger. We would like to have 
those engineers to put their hand to the lever 
and use their strength and power to show to 
the members of the church the narrow way 
by a line of argument consistent to the real 
spirit of our Master and that it is the heart 
that must be got right, ere we can expect the 
exterior to harmonize with the essential prin- 
ciples of Christ within. Unless something 
better than worklliness possess the heart, 
we can never expect to keep within the 
bounds of Gospel love and union. The heart 
must be converted unto the real application 
of Gospel principles to every thought and 
Wuen w^ hive such conversions, then it 
be when we wiil have members who car- 
ry about them in every respect, a likeness of 
of Christ, and when seen by others who want 
t-- be saved, they will see what the outer of- 
ferings of a pure faith are like, and when they 
me converted, they will be converted to 
the same genuine life, and be "separate from 
the world" as a consequent result of their 
faith and love. Herein we can easily solve 
the problem of non-conformity and uniformi- 
ty. The nearer we conform to the world, the 
more rapidly we help to run the church into 
the world, because in the applications of the 
- )f the Gospel to our lives we sim- 
ply stand as a model for new converts to inl- 
and if there is an evasion of the real 
.irig of non-conformity in our own lives, 
Deed r.ot wonder that others will also 
le like principle; so, on the other hand, 
e emphatically we apply the "meek 
and hamb'e" principles of Christ to our lives, 
the 03 may expect from the new con- 

verts, because they see what those principles 
-- and they will expect that as much 
i - L in them, if they have 
', was in Jesus. Right 
here, then, looms up before us the great re- 
. .pon individual members, 
and especially those who have the care of 
- willed m 'rubers cannot 
to see, by kind admonitions, the 
- : fully e ng in their lives, 

i nd to de- 
ii the <■■ ". • and follies 
of tr. what ' cted, but 

that as time rolls on, the church will get 
nearer and nearer the world, until at last, the 
church has lost its identity, except, possibly, 
in name, and that will be a poor refuge, when 
the storm of God's wrath comes. 

Further, it is most singular, how readily 
minds catch at departures - for convenience' 
sake. Recently a suggestion was offered in 
regard to bringing together a cold supper at 
our Communion service, to be substituted 
for the supper as usually prepared. 

Quite a number of members jumped at the 
idea, and, if adopted, how long would it 
be until rich viands, by some who would 
want things extra, would be brought togeth- 
er and the whole thing become a matter of 
disorder, or the quantity gradually diminish, 
until it would be narrowed down to a bit of 
bread and a sup of water, as some have it, 
and history tells us that because of the abuse 
of the supper, certain churches left it off en- 
tirely; others adopted the bread and water, 
as above mentioned. Let us beware of mak- 
ing changes in these matters. The "kiss of 
charity" is becoming less frequent, how long, 
if not careful, till we say as others said when 
they gave it up, "we will substitute the hand- 
shake in its stead?" Members whom Paul 
says should be "covered" in time of prayer, 
with impunity bow around the family altar 
with heads "uncovered." Jewelled fingers 
handle the Communion bread, and men with 
clean-shaven faces, except a "love of a mus- 
tache," sip the cup of the New Testament. — 
Truly it is time to speak and show that the 
things that are "an abomination to God," 
are things that the world esteems highly. — 
Yes, the world moves, so does the church. 

J. S. Flory. 

My Trip to North Carolina. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Having been requested to write an ac- 
count of my visit to the Brethren in North 
Carolina, I herewith comply with the request. 
In company with Bro" Murray, wife and 
daughter, from near Dayton, Ohio, we board- 
ed the train at Jouesboro, on the 15th of No- 
vember, at 9 A. M., for Ashville, North Car- 
olina, where we arrived about 4 P. M. We 
were met at the depot by Bro. John Hill, and 
taken three-fourths of a mile, where we stay- 
ed over night. Next morning, it being cold 
and stormy, the old brother thought it best 
for himself and wife and daughter to take the 
stage for Hendersonville, a distance of some 
twenty- four miles, while I went on with Bro. 
Hill in his wagon to Henderson cross roads, 
about twenty-two miles. . I was greatly re- 
joiced to meet Bro. Murray and company, 
the next morning at the place appointed for 
services. We had eight meetings there, but, 
owing to the inclemency of the weather, the 
meetings were not very well attended. The 
first two days and nights were extremely 
cold for that part of the country, and the re- 
mainder of the time, it rained almost inces- 
sant! y. This, together with other causes, 
prevented our labors there, from being as 
successful as they otherwise would have been, 

but still we trust, that our labors there were 
not entirely in vain. 

The other causes, which retarded the suc- 
cess of our labors were more to be deplored 
than the inclemency of the weather. The 
Baptist friends had just closed a long pro- 
tracted meeting in the immediate vicinity, 
and the people were so very full of "Holy 
Ghost religion," that some of them seemed 
to think it a desecration of the "temple of 
the Holy Ghost" to take it to a "Dunkard 
meeting. Others who did not think they had 
any too much religion to attend the preach- 
ing of the Word, were nevertheless restrain- 
ed from putting in their attendance, by those 
who had the control over them. This brings 
me to think of an occurence which took place 
while we were holding services there, and, 
upon the principles of which, I promised to 
write an article for the Messenger. There 
were some women who wanted to join the 
church while we were there, but their hus- 
bands were members of the Baptist church, 
and they positively forbade them joining the 
church of the Brethren, and in one case, I 
was told that the person was prohibited from 
attending the meetings. I was asked what I 
would advise in such cases. I answered, that 
I thought it best in cases where the husband 
was obdurate and unyielding, that the wife 
"should be in subjection as saith the law," 
and as authority for this advice, I referred to 
the following Scriptures, and arguments: — 
Gen. 3: 16. ' Unto the woman he said, * 
* * and thy desire shall be to thy husband, 
and he shall rule over thee." Here God pro- 
nounces the great law which shall govern the 
wife towards her husband, in all future time, 
and in every relation of life. This is evi- 
dently the law to which the Apostle Paul re- 
fers in 1 Cor. 11: 31, when he says * * • 
"But they are commanded to be under obedi- 
ence as saith the law." Again, in 1 Cor. 11: 
3, the Apostle says: "But I would have you 
know that the head of every man is Christ, 
and the head of the woman is the man, etc." 
In this example of reasoning the Apostle 
shows the relation existing between God the 
Father, and the Son, Jesus Christ, — Cnrist 
and the man, — the man and wife. That, as 
God the Father, is the head of Christ, there- 
fore, it was Christ's duty to obey him; as 
he is the head over man, therefore it is man's 
duty to obey him; and as man is the head 
over the woman, therefore it is the woman's 
duty to obey him. In this ratio of reasoning 
it will be seen, that if Jesus Christ had the 
right to disobey the will of his Father, so 
man may claim the right to disobey Christ's 
will, and the woman (or wife.) may claim the 
right to disobey her nwsband, her head. In 
Eph. 5:22-21, the Apostle enunciates the 
same f ct, but with still greater force, if pos- 
sible, he begins by sayiug, "Wives, submit 
yourselves to your husbands as uuto the Lord. 
For the husband is the head of the wife, even 
as Christ is the head of the church: and he is 
the Savior of the body. Therefore as the 
church is subject unto Christ, so let the wives 
be to their own husbands in every thing." — 
In this he draws an analogy from the rela- 
tion existing between Christ and the church, 



and the wife and the husband, showing that 
as the church has no right to disobey the 
commands of Christ, no more has the wife 
the right to disobey the commands of her 
husband. He makes it -very definite and de- 
cisive by the expression, "in every thing." 

I know it is contended by some, that it is a 
wife's duty to obey her husband in all reason- 
able requirements, and in secular affairs, but 
vvhen it comes to religious matters then she 
has a right to "obey God, rather than man." 
But Paul says she ought to obey him "in ev- 
ery thing," and I ask in the name of common 
sense, how can she obey God in the violation 
of all these positive requirements which I 
have here cited? 

It is sheer nonsense to talk of her doing 
so. Again, the Apostle Paul in 1 Tim. 2: 9- 
15, gives his reasons for the obedience of 
women to their husbands. He says: "Adam 
was first formed, then Eve, and Adam was 
not deceived, but the woman being deceived, 
was in the transgression." Now, I am frank 
to admit that women are often nearer right 
in some things, than men, and in the case I 
am writing about, I know they are nearer 
right in their religious views than their hus- 
bands, but still, this fact does not set aside 
the great fundamental rule of complete sub- 
jection. I shall only trouble the reader with 
one other citation on this subject, although 
I could produce many others, but I offer this 
one from the Apostle Peter as confirmatory 
of Paul's teaching, lest any . should say that 
Paid was too hard on the female sex. Read 
1 Pet. 3: 1-7. Here the Apostle gives the 
true characteristics of the holy " women in 
olden times, who trusted in God, "even as 
Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord, 
whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do 

Having thus disposed of the case of the 
wives, we come to the consideration of the 
responsibility of the husband. In the sev- 
enth verse of the first chapter of Peter, we 
have the following: "Likewise ye husbands, 
dwell with them according to knowledge, giv- 
ing honor to the wife as unto the weaker ves- 
sel, and as being heirs together of the grace 
of life, that your prayers be not hindered." — 
Here the Apostle gives the husband to un- 
derstand that there is also an awful respon- 
sibility resting on himself in his deportment 
towards his wife, and that, while she is con- 
stituted as the "weaker vessel," she so much 
the more deserves his honor and compassion 
from the consideration that she is an equal 
heir with him "of the grace of life," and, if 
he overlooks this important fact that his 
prayers will be of no avail in the ears of the 
Lord, and hence he says, "that your prayers 
.be not hindered." 

Again, in Eph. 5: 24-32, is the following 
injunction: "Husbands, krve your wives, even 
as Christ also loved the church, and gave 
himself for it, * * * * so ought men to love 
their wives as their own bodies; he that lov- 
eth his wife, loveth himself; for no man ever 
yet hated his own flesh, but nourisheth and 
cherisheth it, as the Lord the church." It 
does seem to me superfluous to offer any 
more Scriptures to prove that the husband is 

under the most solemn obligations to God, 
for his conduct towards his wife, and, while 
it is a manifest fact that the wife is under 
the most imperative obligations to obey her 
husband in "every thing," it is also equally 
certain that the husband will have an awful 
account to settle in the great and coming day, 
if he, in the exercise of his prerogative, pro- 
hibits her from the exercise of her religious 
services. I would much rather answer, were 
it possible for me to do so, for one hundred 
wives or minor children who die out of the 
church from constraint, than for one hus- 
band or father, who has caused the constraint. 
In fact, I believe I am perfectly justifiable 
in the assertion that such wives and children 
will be saved upon their faith and their obe- 
dience to those who have the control over 
them, if they earnestly and sincerely desire 
to obey the Gospel in all its requirements, 
but are prevented from doing so, by those 
whom they are commanded to obey. 

Having said about all I deem necessary on 
this subject, I will close by saying, that after 
spending two weeks, visiting the Brethren 
in North Carolina, I was conveyed back to 
the depot at Asheville, by Bro. Eillpatric, 
where I again boarded the train for Jones- 
boro. There I arrived safely the same even- 
ing at 9: 30 P. M., and as the night was 
pleasant, 1 took my valise in hand, and walk- 
ed out home, a distance of four and one-half 
miles, arriving there about 11 o'clock. — 
The brethren and sisters who so kindly cared 
for mo while among them, have my sincere 
thanks, and may the Lord as kindly care for 
them. Jesse Crosswhite. 

Garber's Mills, Tenn. 


Dear Brethren: — 

Since the consolidation of the B. at W. 
and P. C, into the GosrEL Messenger, 
many of the readers enjoy the benefits of the 
consolidation without realizing the cost of it. 
The term consolidation signifies to concen- 
trate; to make compact or solid; and so far 
as my judgment and observation go, I be- 
lieve the editors and publishers have thus 
far succeeded in making our paper all that 
consolidation implies. For the same money 
and time spent in reading, we get the benefit 
of what formerly cost much more. I some- 
times fear many of us are reaping this bene- 
fit without realizing the sacrifice made by 
the publishers, for our benefit. We can help 
them to sustain this sacrifice without any 
sacrifice or loss on our part, if we but do our 
duty. As readers, and especially heads of 
families, we should all have the Messenger 
in our families, a better paper for the same 
money. As agents, we can safely urge mem- 
bers to take the paper, promising all that 
consolidation implies. As contributors, we 
will be doubly benefitted by realizing the 
necessity of consolidating our articles by 
boiling them down, and thus making them 
compact, firm, pointed and powerful. 

J. D. Haughtelin. 

Impatience dries the blood sooner than 
age or sorrow. 

From Keighley, Butler Co., Kan. 

I commenced meeting at Keighley, Butler 
Co., Kan., on the evening of Nov. 12, and 
continued to hold forth the Word of even- 
ings until the 18th. The interest was good; 
no accessions, but I am persuaded some are 
near the kingdom. In our first sermon, we 
made the remark, "There is no revelation ex- 
cept that brought to light by the Savior; all 
other so-called revelations are productions of 
anti-christ; the Book -of Mormon is a farce." 
We found out there were several Mormons, 
or Latter Day Saints, in the house. Before 
we dismissed the congregation, one of them 
arose, ind talked pretty bold and challenged 
us for a discussion. We told him we would 
meet any man he might select, but have 
heard nothing of them since. If the discus- 
sion does not come off, we expect to tell the 
Messenger something of their faith by and 


We have four members living near Keigh- 
ley. They seem to be rich in the most holy 
faitb. They earnestly solicit Brethren to 
come and preach for them, and would like 
for some minister to locate among them. — 
Keighley is a station on the St. Louis & San 
Francisco B. R. The land is somewhat brok- 
en, but seems to produce well. I believe a 
church could soon be built there, if the prop- 
er efforts were put forth. The people seem 
to be well pleased with the doctrine, as far 
as they have heard. Any brother wishing to 
look at the country, or preach for them, will 
be met at the depot, by addressing A. D. 
Stone or Jacob R. Byerly, Keighley, Butler 
Co., Kansas. Remember those isolated from 
the fold, and go feed them with the Bread of 
Life. Chas. M. Yearout. 

Madisov, Kan. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A brligious weokly, published in the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist rhuich, js an uncompro- 
mising advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 
cient puritv 

It recognizes th° New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace ot God is the onlv source ot pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption: 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission ot sins: 

That Trine Immersion. or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Bartisui: 

That Feet- ling, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church: 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the day: 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Chan- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Contormity to the world in dress, customs, 
dailv walk and conversation is essential to true holiness 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 

It also advocates the scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
flicting theories and discords of modern Christendom, to 
point out giound that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
Morris, Ogle Co., Ill,, or Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Business Review. 

As we enter upon another 

it will be in order to 
publish a brief retrospect of 
the business career of Dr. 
Peter Pahrney, of Chicago. 
whose advertising began in 
the Gospei V*isitQF near- 
ly twenty-five years ago: 

There is nothing remark- 
able about this only that it 
gives character to the pro- 
ducts of one who has by dil- 
igence, industry, patience 
and perseverance made him- 
self a record his agents need 
not be ashamed of. The 
fact that he is still prosper- 
ously engaged in his original 
line of business is proof that 
he has given satisfaction, 
and still in the prime of life, 
is not likely to give up an 
enterprise to which he has 
devoted a quarter of a cen- 
tury of hard work. 

1780 to 1884. 

That the original Dr. Peter 
Fahrney was not a man in 
fiction, a myth, is evident, 
since so many have tried to 
speculate on his well earned 
reputation in the field of 
medicine. Of his boyhood 
but little is known. Ke first 
moved from his native place 
in Pennsylvania, in the last 
century, to a branch of the 
now famous Antietam — 
known as Beaver Creek, in 
Maryland. Here he prac- 
ticed a few years, and then 
returned to Pennsylvania, 
locating at Chambersburg, 
which, though in another 
state, was in an adjoining 

After several years he 
n r emoved with his fam- 
ily to Beaver Creek, where 
he passed the remainder of 
in the practice of his 
profession, and the study of 
the curative value of the bo- 
tanical plants of that region, 
ch has made his fame 
co-equal with what is now 
a dozen states. 

a they used to say in 
. te days "he only made a 
doctor of one of his sons," 
and this son's name was 
Jacob, who, on entering the 
profession, practiced "over 

the line" in Pennsylvania, 
about 16 miles from 'the "old 
stand" on Beaver Creek. 

Dr. Jacob Fahrney prac- 
ticed many years in Frank- 
lin Co,, Pa., and at his death 
his professional mantle de- 
scended to the shoulders of 
Dr. John Burkholder, his 
nephew, who had been a 
member of his family from 
childhood and was esteem- 
and treated as such. 

Besides this adopted son 
he had two of his own who 
studied medicine ; the former 
was the late Dr. J. Fahrney, 
of Philadelphia, Pa. The 
latter is Dr. P. Fahrney, of 
Chicago. 111., the last sur- 
vivor of old Dr. Fahrney's 
successors in business ; 
having studied medicine in 
the officeof Dr. Burkholder, 
where, during his leisure 
hours, he perfected the med- 
icine that has since gained 
so much renown. 

The people will have 
Dr. Peter's Vitalizer 

not on account of the makers 
pedigree, but because they 
have learned by experience, 
during the last twenty-years, 
that what is made by Dr. 
Fahrney is good, and, as 
dealers say, "holds trade." 

The President of Mount 
Morris College, now in Eu- 
rope, writes from Halle, Ger- 
many, under date of Nov. 
7th, 1883, saying: 

" By the way did you think of 
recommending your I>i\ Peter's 
Vitali zer for sea- sickness ? One 
of the first difficulties on board ship 
is constipation ; I used the Vitalizer 
and found it acted splendidly. T 
should not hesitate to recommend it 
to any who contemplate going on 
board ship. I attribute my escape 
from sea-sickness to its use." 

Dr. Fahrney of Chicago, 
is the oldest Doctor of that 
name now living. He has no 
interest whatever in any busi- 
ness but his own, and has 
through years of untiring in- 
dustry surmounted difficul- 
ties, under the most trying 
circumstances. 1 

One week after the burn- 
ing of Chambersburg by the 
confederate army in 1864, he 
located in the West- opened 
Out in Chicago in 1869, was 
burned out during the famous 
fire of 1871, worried 

through 'the financial panic of 
i873-'7; took renewed cour- 
age in 1880, since which time 
he has met with uninterrupt- 
ed success. 

Take a glance at the big 
map on your wall and see 
what a nation of people we 
have become. There are 
nearly 50,000 post offices in 
the United States. It will be 
some years yet before an 
agency at each of these places 
will be established for the sale 
of Dr. Peter's Blood Vi- 
taiizer. In this work of a 
life time he earnestly solicits 
the co-operation of every well 
disposed individual who is 
willing to lend a helping hand 
to suffering humanitv. No 
missionary has ever crossed 
ocean or continent who has 
been more devoted to his call- 
ing than Dr. Fahrney has 
been to his work. If filthy 
lucre were his incentive he 
could find other ways and 
means to obtain it less trouble- 

Eld. W. S. Lyon. Agent 

at May Hill, Ohio, under date 

of Dec. 4th, 1883, says : 

No intrusion, dear Brother; sell to 
all who may apply to you. Let your 
Elixer of Life go forth in the rmdical 
world, like th" Gospel, among the 
creeds and confessions. Herewith I 
send you an order. The man who is 
to have it is poor — and without arms 
having had them shot off in the re- 
bellion. Wc are giving him the en- 
tire benefit of the medicine. 

No one is asked to work for 
charity's sake, but here is hon- 
orable employment for the 
hundreds who are incapaci- 
tated for hard physical work; 
by this means they can gain 
something and have a good 
conscience in the baro-ain. 

Office of the "VINDICATOR," 

Covington, 0., Oct. 8th, '83. 
Bear Boctok: — Tour package of 
Vitaiizer came duly to hand, and 
is mostly used. I am entirely a dif- 
ferent feeling man, mentally and 
physically. It has toned my system 
to pleasant sleep and cheerful steps. 
Could your grandfather's prescription 
of L779 have clones - ) welly I wonder, 
indeed I do. JOS- I. COVER. 

Many ladies and also minis- 
ters help in this work. Those 
who desire to represent this 
business will do well to apply 
during the present month. 

By addressing, 

Dr. Peter Fahniey, 

Chicago, 111. 

Never apply to an Agent for a 
Twenty-Five Cent Bottle 

of Dk. Peter's Vitauzeb, .they 
are not supplied with small bottles, 
which are only to be had of Br. 
Peter Pahrney, of Chicago. 

Never apply to any one else but 
an Agent for a large bottle of Be. 
Peter's Vitalizer. The Agent 
will show you a shipping notice to 
convince you that he gets his supply 
from the Doctor himself, and has the 
genuine article. 

If there is no Agent near you then 
apply for Terms. It will be worth 
something to you to have the Agency. 

Every letter that is received be- 
fore noon of any working day is 
answered before night, by the aid 
of assistants three hundred can be 
answered each d ay. 

Ill CANT I? 

Said a business man, the 
other day, "Why can*t I 
work as I used to? I once 
thought I could do any 
amount of work, and still 
feel fresh and stroncr; but 
now when night comes I am 
tired out, my head aches, my 
back feels as if it was broken, 
and 1 ache all over ; and in 
the morning I feel as if I 
was all rusty. Fact is, I am 
fast getting to be good for 

Few people know how 
many men there are who feel 
just this way. They need 
something to strengthen the 
whole system, and thus re- 
lieve by permanently invig- 
orating the blood ; and noth- 
ing has yet been discovered 
that will so quickly and fully 
restore failing strength as 
Dr. Peter's Vitalizer 
— and some of the heartiest 
testimonials come from busi- 
ness men who have over- 
taxed and overstrained their 
Strength until life is misery. 

Dr. Peter's Blcod 
Vitalizer is not sold as 
en experiment, as will be 
seen by reference to the 
many and old testimonials. 
It has been tried in all parts 
of the country, and for many 
complaints, and the univers- 
al testimony is that it ac- 
complishes what has been 
for so long a time the desire 
of the medical profession. 

It is not unpleasant to 
take, and its effect will soon 
be apparent in renewed vig- 
or and strength. Why suf- 
fer longer when relief can 
be so very quickly and eas- 
ily obtained? Price of in- 
troduction bottle is only ^5 

"Set for tlie Defense of the Gospel." 

Entered at the Post-Office at Sit. Morris, 111. 
as Second Class Matter. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 8, 1884. No. 2. 

Vol. II Old Series. 


H. B. BHUMBAUGH, Editok, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

The address of Bro. J. M. Wells is chang- 
ed from Meadowville to Kalamazoo, Bar- 
bour Co., W. Va. 

Bro. Quinter is home again from his west- 
ern trip and reports a pleasant visit among 
the members of the churches which he visit- 

Bro. J. A. Sell has been laboring among 
the Brethren of Morrison's Cove, Blair Co., 
Pa. We hope that through his labors many 
may turn away from their sins. 

If any of those who ordered Almanacs 
have more than they can sell, please report 
to us the number you have on hand, and we 
will tell you what to do with them. 

We have on hand a number of orders for 
the "Bevised Minutes" which cannot be fill- 
ed until we can print another edition. As 
soon as this is done, all orders will be filled. 

Bro. Jacob Shaneour, of Primrose, Ohio, 
says, that they have been having meetings 
for some four weeks. Bro. Thurston Miller, 
of South Bend, Ind., has been doing the 

A. young man, Mr. Early,, of Salem, Ore- 
gon, landed here the other day, with the in- 
tention of becoming a "Normal" student. — 
We bid him welcome, and the same to all 
others who may come. 

Bro. Wm. Pullen, of Myrtle Point, Ore- 
gon, says: "The old ship of Zion is slowly 
moving. Lately three were received by bap- 
tism and we have nothing to disturb us here 
as we are all in love and union." 

Inasmuch as reports of divisions being 
made in certain clmrches are not edifying to 
the general Brotherhood, we suggest to all of 
our correspondents that as little as possible 
be said about them. We hope the time mfij 
soon come, when there will be no occasion 
for such divisions. 

For our last prayer-meeting of the year, 
we had the subject, "Opportunities Lost." It 
was well adapted to the occasion, and quite 
an interest was n%a,ni£ested by those present 
While we were meditating upon opportuni- 
ties lost, we were made to think that, with 
the year closed, many would lose their last 

Bro. J. W. Wilt preached several weeks 
for the Altoona, Pa., Brethren, during which 
time twelve united with the church. This is 
a good field and should be well and carefully 

Bro. Leatherman preached an interesting 
sermon in the Normal chapel on Sunday 
evening, Dec. 23rd. The leading thought 
was, "The eyes of the Lord are always over 
them who put their trust in him." ■ It is a 
blessed truth, when we have faith enough to 
grasp it. 

We tender our thanks to our agents who 
are laboring so faithfully to extend the circu- 
lation of the Messenger. We certainly ap- 
preciate the interest you are taking in the 
work, and hope that the character of the pa- 
per may be such as will be worthy of the 
sacrifice its friends may make for it. 

The Brethren of Waynesboro, Pa., on the 
23rd of December, re-organized their Sun- 
day-school by electing the usual officers, — 
There were present 90 scholars and 10 teach- 
ers. With the report sent us, they order 100 
copies of the Young Disciple. As a good 
paper adds greatly to the interest of the 
schools, none should be without the Disciple. 

J. J. Cover, of the George's Creek church, 
Pa., informs us that they commenced a series 
of meetings on Jan. 5th, and will coutinue 
during the week. Bro. John H. Myers, of 
Markleysburg, Pa., does the preaching. As 
the Brethren there have been under a cloud 
of trouble for some time, we hope that these 
meetings may be the beginning of better 
times among them. 

Winter Excursion Tickets. — In view of 
the increasing popularity of Winter trips to 
the seaside and to Florida, and the demand 
for round- trip tickets to the prominent re- 
sorts, the Pennsylvania Railroad Company, 
commencing Tuesday, January 1st, 1883, will 
place on sale, at principal stations, excursion 
tickets to Cape May, Cape May Point, Atlant- 
ic City, Old Point Comfort, Va., and Jack- 
sonville, Florida. These excursion tickets 
will be entitled to all the privileges of other 
rirst-class tickets, and permit the holder to 
->top off en route, where such privilege is 
granted on other first class tickets. The re- 
turn coupons of these tickets will be accept- 
ed until May 31st, 1884, except those t«» Jack- 
sonville, which, under certain circumstances, 
have special limitations, details of which, as 
well as a copy of an illustrated pamphlet, 
containing rates and appropriate descriptive 
matter, can be obtained upon application to 
nearest ticket agent. 

Eld. Wm. Howe, of the Lewistown, Pa., 
congregation informs us that they have been 
holding a two weeks' meeting, and that the 
membership has been greatly refreshed un- 
der the earnest preaching of Bro. C. F. Det- 
wiler. He says that his labors were much 
appreciated, not only by the members but by 
the whole church. We hope that Bro. Det- 
wiler may be encouraged in this kind of 
work, as there is much of it to do. 

Bro. L. E. Fahrney, of Sterling, Rice Co., 
Kan., speaks of a council held there, at which 
a separation was made in a peaceable way. — 
The best thing to do, is not to separate, but 
when separation becomes necessary for the 
good of one or both of the parties concerned, 
the next best thing is to do it in a peaceable 
and Christian-like manner. We suppose 
that such was the condition of the Ninisha 
church above referred to, and we hope that 
the same peaceable spirit may continue to 
characterize both parties. 


Goon books are said to be a joy forever and the e is 
more truth intbe saying than may be at first supposed. 
As bad books, like the associating- -with bad companions 
lead to immorality, loss and rum, so good books lead to 
a higher manhood, to right paths and to religion, -which 
is man's highest good here and hereafter. For us to ex- 
amine and speak of good books, always affords us pleas- 
ure, and with feelings of this kind we mention the fol- 
lowing books, published by Walden & Stowe, Cincin- 
nati, 0.: 

"The Eafodits and Other Poods," by T. C. Reade, is 
a beautifully bound volume of 100 pages and costs 75 
cents. The greater part of the book is a poem written 
in eleven parts or cantos and is supposed to be the re- 
flection of an aged Christian, while walking in the val- 
ley and among the shadows of death. It is called "The 
Exodus," because it describes the soul as emigrating 
f om this land of bondage to a land of freedom and 
eternal lhe expression;* are so chaste, and 
the words so fitly spoken, that no one can read the book 
without feelings of pleasure and profir. Besides the 
eleven cantos, there are quite a number of miscellaneous 
poems, that are both enleitaiiiing aid ii s ructive 

"Poems for the Fireside.'' by Maty Sparks Wheeler, 
is a handsomely gotten up volume of 100 pages; piii e 
$100 The poems are d'vided into tfnee parts: Child- 
hood, Youth and Mature Age, -thus affording r eh food 
for all the different meniber> of the family fn it are 
found beautiful poems adapted io the tastes ami Circum- 
stances of all age», from ihe little boys and giils up to 
the aged father leanintr on his stuff 

"Crowned Jewels," by M s. fl. B M.Keever. 243 pp. 
$1 00 is a ver> in'eie-tiig voume. Tie aim of the 
buok is to ti>c- the history of a family tiom infancy to 
mature life, developing '.he pr> coses of tra nmg and 
growth, b'lfch.'n th« intellectual and the sp ritual life, 
an l exemplifying the scriptural truth, that as one sows, 
so shall he reap. 

"Tales of Every-Day Life," by Mr*. 6. W Scott; 
170 pages -$1.00; is an a.-me'ive vol nine adapted to the 
yoimg fo'ks In its stcies, high moral principles ate 
incircated, and it will be lead with pleasure and piufit 
by all. 




• - God. a workman that 

sed< - rightly dividing the 

V. ord of Truth. 



We'll ]•. . in brighter clime*, 

-. sc - Lovej 
When a fleams inspire, 

i praise engage the saints al c\ e. 

'II meet i. is holy ca ne, 

"Who did oar wayward souls redeem; 
. jive us >j and peace and life, 

. . that (lowed in crimson stream, 

:. the marriage of the Lamb 
An - J - : strand, 

In robes of linen, clean and white. 

I meet where tears are wip'd away 
An.t parting- band shall not be given; 
separations never co >■• , 

. .d bliss in heaven. 

.ere death shall be uo more, 
To sever links of pi ace and love; — 
V : Drrow to pervade the heart : — 
. pain be felt in courts above. 

it beyond the scenes of strife, 
.re worldly minds lead not astray; 
»s of holy life, 
e former things have pass'd away. 

We'll meet the Lamb and God the light 
q h tt eternal city fair; 

i glorious day excluded the night 
And love abounds forever there. 

. meet around the throne of God, 
Christ, the all-at ning King, 
I lead the host to fountains bright, 
i :re waters pure forever spring. 

I meet to worship at his leet, 
sits upon the holy throne 
-_ i render praise in perfect strains; 

we shall knov," as we are known. 

meet the saints of ages past; 
From ev'rv land and ev'ry clime, 
And those in life we lo."'d to well 
Upon the shores of fleeting time. 

We";. ... . . de the eiystal tide,. 

"Upon the bright and golden street; 
Tr_e Tree of Lite forever blooms, 

Where saints of God in glory meet. 

U meet again, to praise and ting 
... cloth'd in living light, 
The name of Christ, our Priest and King, 
And walk with him in snowy white. 


EY N. 31. B. 

Number II. 

Ul : : .-':.., for us, man is not next to 

//ah, the most conspicuous figure in this 

. are but pigmies in the toils of 

my of God, and the ene- 

creature of God. That 

■-. is a mo picuous personage in our 

wori ee, that has scruti- 

I that wonderful narrative in the 

What an impudent 

bat airs of corjse- 

. ful the parley of Jeho- 

.-,-ith hir. old if: this the inexplica- 

ble connection of Satan's workings with those 
of the Lord Omnipotent respecting men! 

Is not this personal devil here addressed, 
cursed in Eden, seen of John in Patmos, the 
tempter of J:sus, to be feared? Else how 
shall we pray, "Lead us not into temptation, 
but deliver us from the Evil One"? 

I know it is the most common and natural 
thing to leave Satan out of view in our con- 
templation of human history. Man natural- 
ly feels that he is at the head of affairs, for- 
getting that Satan is very commonly at the 
head of him. But let us consider now that 
this being is "the prince of the power of the 
air," that he has wielded more power in op- 
position to God in this world than the whole 
human family put together. 

The race of men now begins to fall into a 
place of less prominence in the scene. The 
history of the world, when viewed aright, 
seems little more than the history of a con- 
test between the powers of light and dark- 
ness, between the Lord Omnipotent and Sa- 
tan. Here is "the mystery of iniquity." It 
is a scene of surpassing interest for human 
eyes and reflection. And it becomes very 
dreadful indeed when we remember that this 
power of Satan is wielded against God 
through man for man's destruction. 

It is a contest for men. Satan is contend- 
ing for dominion over his subjects and the 
world, fortifying himself by new methods 
and combinations from time to time and 
striving to regain those which have been tak- 
en from him. 

Said our Lord to Peter, "Satan hath de- 
sired to have you, that he may sift you as 
wheat." I cannot understand that, and I do 
not believe any man can. For it involves a 
knowledge of the unrevealed things of eter- 
nity, this connection of Satan's workings 
with those of God. But it-teaches one thing: 
Satan is a terrible reality, here and now, to 
you and to me, intelligent, powerful, crafty. 
Let us recollect this. And this One only has 
overcome him, and He only can save us. — 
And this, again, that we shall not be free 
from rude buffetings and wounds, and shame- 
ful falls, unless we study to dwell habitually 
with Him in the way of self-denial, medita- 
tion and prayer. 

God's people, the little flock, the few de- 
vout ones, scattered here and there, up and 
down the earth, amid crowds of formalists, 
have been rescued out of Satan's hand by Al- 
mighty power. I reckon their particular 
form of church or order or administration 
does not count for much, as looked at from 
Heaven, but their being distinguished from 
people of the world. The rest of the human 
family, whether consciously or unconscious- 
ly deceived, or willfully, are arrayed with Sa- 

As the successive generations of men come 
upon the ground, he suits his strategy and 
his delusions and his methods, like a shrewd 
general, to the altered state of things. When 
defeated in one scheme, he flies to another, 
probably gaining knowledge by experience 
and defeat. Our knowledge is as nothing 
compared with his, though we may have 
ranged the whole course of human learning. 

This stupendous conflict of Earth, beginning 
in Eden, has fought its way all along dc 
the ages, continuous, raging, and terrific, 
drawing around the pathway of time a cloudy 
darkness, blood, and horrid ruin. 

Every calamity which has befallen the 
man race, every eclipse of faith, every false 
religion which has cursed the nations, is but 
a revelation of the unseen activities of this 
arch-enemy. There he stands behind 
scenes, with his angels to do his bidding with 
unceasing vigilance. With this idea of the 
affairs of the world we live in. study all his- 
tory, and trace out at your leisure and study 
Satan's workings among the nations "with all 
deceivableness of unrighteousness," from 
Eden to the Wilderness of Judea, and from 
Pentecostal times to our own. 

"Fort Lynne," near Harrisonburg. Va. 



The conditions upon which the Great T s 
tor has promised to bequeath the great legacy 
one faitb, repentance, baptism and continu- 
ance. Sinners stand guilty before God, he 
that pardon may be given them, and guilt 
taken away, God addresses them with wc 
A belief of these words, the acceptance of 
this testimony concerning man, as he is. . .... 

God, as he is, brings the sinner to pardon, 
and when that is bestowed or exercised for 
him, and he continues in all the words of the 
Gospel to do them, he shall re 
of life. 

God does not hold the sinner responsible 
for the sin of Adam, but for his o vn p 
transgressions. He is not under condemna- 
tion for Adam's acts, Adam's guilt, but on 
account of his own personal acts, his own 
sins, his own guilt. Xo one is dead in tres- 
passes and sins in Adam, but each sinner is 
dead in his own trespasses and sins. 

First, Jesus came. Second, called his dis- 
ciples. Third, taught them. Fouith sent 
them out. Fifth, they went. Sixth, they 
taught, not what they originated, but what 
Jesus originated and delivered to the m. — 
Seventh, thepeoplebelieved. Eighth, repented. 
Ninth, obeyed, w-ere baptized. Tenth, 
pardoned. Eleventh, received the Holy Sj 
and the hope of eternal life. Twelfth, _ 
tinued in well-doing — in all the commands 
and precepts of the Gospel. Thirteenth, 
and they will have part in the first resurrec- 
tion. This is the divine order, the items of 
the Divine Wisdom. 

First. Concerning the divine arrangement 
for the apostles: (1) The Gospel was given 
them; (2) They believed it; i 3) They ol 
it; (I) They preached it, "with the Holy 
Ghost sent down from heaven"; I 
continued faithful; (6) They all preached 
the same thing. 

Second. Concerning the arrangeme 1 : 
those who heard the apostle? : (1) The Gos- 
pel was preached to them ; (2) They 1. 
it; (3) They believed it; (4) They had godly 
sorrow; — 2 Cor. 7: 10; (5) This worked re- 
pentance unto life; (6) They confessed: — 



Born. 10:9; (7) They were baptized; (8) They 
continued in prayer, in doctrine, and break- 
ing of bread;— Acts 2: 42. And from God 
they received remission of sins, the gift of 
the Holy Spirit and the hope of eternal life. 

The Pedo-baptist order is, (1) Baptism, i. 
c.., sprinkling; (2) Preaching; (3) Faith; (4) 
Bepentance. Every consistent Peclo-baptist 
must admit that this is the rule among them, 
and the practice of teaching adults, then bap- 
tizing them, is the exception. 

The Baptist order is, (1) Preaching; (2) 
Hearing; ( 3) Bepentance; (4) Faith; (5) Be- 
mission of sins; (6 ) Baptism. Each of these 
orders is claimed by its advocates, and pub- 
licly heralded as the divine arrangement. — 
Has God three orders for all aliens? Has 
he three orders, one for a certain number of 
aliens, another for some others, and a third 
for the remainder? 

In the midst of conf asion, and the claims 
of uninspired men, it is encouraging to be 
able to turn to the Word of the Lord. 

The apostles preached to men and women — 
to people who could believe. Acts 2: 5; 3: 12 
and 4: 1. Many of those who heard the 
Word preached, believed and were baptized. 
Acts 2: 41 and 8: 12. They prayed — 1 Thess. 
5: 17 and 1 Tim. 2: 8. They saluted each 
other with a holy kiss— Bom. 16: 16, 1 Pet. 
5: 14. They ate the Lord's Supper — 1 Cor. 
5: 7,8 and 11: 25, 33. They broke bread and 
divided the cup— 1 Cor. 10: 16. They wash- 
ed each other's feet — John 13 : 4-16, 1 Tim. 
5: 10. They anointed the sick with oil — 
Jam. 5: 14. They maintained good works — 
Titus 3: 8, 14. They appeared properly in 
prayer and prophssying — 1 Cor. 11: 1-16. 

What believers shall not do. They shall 
not avenge themselves — Bom. 12: 17, 19. — 
They shall not kill— Matt, 27: 25, Bom. 12: 
19, 20. They shall not swear — Matt. 5: 33, 
37, Jas. 5:12. They shall not handle the 
Word of God deceitfully— Bom. 3: 13; 2 Cor. 
4: 2. Thfiy shall not go to law before unbe- 
lievers—Matt. 5: 40, 1 Cor. 6: 1, 10. They 
shall not identify themselves with worldly 
organizations — 2 Cor. 4: 2, Eph. 5: 7, 12. — 
They shall not be conformed to this world — 
Bom. 12: 1, 2. 

By diligence, one may find the divine or- 
der and walk in it to the peace of his soul 
and the enjoyment, of all the blessings of 
God. Believe on the Lord Jesus, obey his 
commands, and enjoy the blessings. 

The Gospel comes to us in fact. It comes 
to us in command. It comes to us in prom- 
ises, ^and when believed and obeyed, we do 
truly and sincerely enjoy it, and in the end, 
when we have done all we could, we are giv- 
en the Great Legacy — Life eternal. Is not 
this enough? 




In this letter, and perhaps in the one to 
follow, we shall have something to say of the 
customs of the Germans, their methods of 
living, their habits, social life, and especially 

their way of doing work. It must not be for- 
gotten that these descriptions relate only to 
the localities that we have visited, and may 
or may not apply to, and be true of other 
parts of Germany. Here we shall set down 
only such facts and describe such scenes as 
have come under our own personal observa- 

Our aim will be to simply give facts in a 
way that they may be easily understood, with 
the hope that they may not only entertain, 
but instruct as well. And while we describe 
these peculiarities of the Germans, Ave shall 
not write anything with a feeling of ill-will 
towards the people with whom we are so 
pleasantly sojourning, and who have many 
good and noble qualities that we can heartily 
admire and praise. One can hardly, howev- 
er, describe the customs and peculiarities of 
a people without seeming to be somewhat 

One of the first things to be noticed here, 
is the sociability and hearty, good-will of the 
Germans. We noticed this upon our landing 
at Bremen, where we were received by total 
strangers, and made so heartily welcome that 
we at once felt that we had warm-hearted 
friends in the Fatherland, and a sojourn of 
some months among the people of Germany 
has only strengthened this feeling. 

We hardly feel that we are strangers in a 
strange land, but rather that we are living 
among a kind, generous, sociable, warm- 
hearted people; and the best part of it is, 
that there is seemingly no ostentation or 
show of good- will. It appears to be a genu- 
ine outburst of real good-nature. One finds 
this characteristic quite general. If you in- 
quire the way on the street, you are quite 
likely (if you do not fully understand the 
direction given) to have the stranger walk 
with you and point out the desired locality. 

We attended worship in the little society 
described in one of our former letters. — 
When we were seated, one of the members 
handed us a hymn-book, and after service, 
without waiting for an introduction, they 
made us feel welcome and quite at home by 
their earnest, simple manner.. We thought 
then that, perhaps, a little more attention 
paid to strangers who come among us, and 
attend our meetings at home, might not be 
out of place. Courtesy and kindness cost 
only an effort on our part, and bring a 
large return. 


One does not see the rush and hurry among 
the laborers here that is to be noticed in, and 
is quite characteristic of the workmen at 
home, especially if the latter are working by 
the job. We have observed some American 
workmen who, when working by the day, 
seemed to have gotten hold of the German 
idea. The German goes about his work in 
such an easy, leisurely sort of a way, that it 
makes one feel that the man is taking a rest; 
and one is really sometimes almost led to be- 
lieve that his main object is to ascertain just 
how much time he can consume in doing a 
certain piece of work and at the same time 
keep in motion. 

We have stood by and watched a lot of 

men at work on a large building. There was 
no rush or hurry ; the w ork went on in a qui- 
et, easy way, and it was quite restful to watch 
them. Here are a number of men laying 
brick, and this is the way they do it. The 
brick-layer, with a trowel in one hand and a 
brush in the other (something like a large 
paint-brush), proceeds to place upon the 
wall, with his trowel, mortar enough in which 
to lay one brick. 

The mortar is very carefully arranged, 
smoothed and adjusted to a nicety; the brush 
is then clipped into a pail of water standing 
by his side, and the water that adheres to the 
brush is sprinkled on the mortar. The trow- 
el and brush are now laid down, the brick 
taken up and pressed firmly into its place 
with both hands. A hammer is now picked 
up, and the brick is lightly tapped and put 
into line. The trowel and brush are then 
again taken up and the process repeated. 

It is quite safe to say that in America, one 
of our best brick-layers, when laying by the 
thousand, will put into a wall five times as 
many bricks, in the same length of time, as 
do the brick-layers we are describing. At 
the same building where the brick- layers 
were slowly and carefully doing their work, 
we saw four men unloading brick. One man 
stood on the wagon and passed them careful- 
ly to the next man, who stood by the wagon- 
side, and he, in turn, passed them along the 
line until they reached the fourth man, who 
piled them up. Two men at home would do 
the same work in much less time. 

So it is with most kinds of work. Labor- 
ers are plenty and they work for low wages, 
with results as stated above. Much Avork is 
done by hand here that in America is done 
by machinery. We have seen men weaving 
without a loom. The work was done out in 
an open yard. The warp Avas stretched out 
the full length of the piece of goods to be 
woven, perhaps forty yards, and fastened 
firmly at both ends. 

It was supported by a number of trestles, 
placed perhaps five feet ap^rt, upon which 
the warp and that part that had been woven 
lay. At one end, the Avarp was fastened to a 
htavy block placed on wheels. As the warp 
grew shorter by Aveaviug, the block would 
gradually be wheeled up, allowing the short- 
ening process to go on. One man, Avith a 
spool-like shuttle, on Avhich the woof was 
wrapped, passed it through the warp, which 
was divided by a contrivance somewhat simi- 
lar to that used on a hand- loom and was man- 
aged by a second man, whilst a third, with a 
long, thin, iron blade, perhaps an eighth of 
an inch thick, to the one end of which was 
attached a wooden handle, by striking be- 
tween the separated halves of the warp, drove 
the woof tightly to its place. 

This method of weaving is quite primitive, 
and it Avas very interesting to watch the men 
at work. We might give other examples, 
but these will suffice to show how work is 
done here. 

Another important matter, and one that 
exerts great influence on the laborers, is the 
food they eat and their home comforts. It 
can be said that the laborers have few com- 


a and that they are not well fed. 
Mai-. :n live iu the collars or base- 

ments ses iu the large cities. 

oold and cheerless. They 
are at the place they 
; They eat but lit. black bread, 

a ni- ar aud tes soup, that is 

m from their homes. 
Iu Dresden, we saw twenty or thirty men 
. »ed in paving a street. They 
ies and ate their 
meals, after which they composed 
then- . r-dinner nap, using 

- For pillows. It looked singular 
enor._ . - e thirty men stretched out in the 
! . all apparently asleep. 
>ur weeks, we have passed 
•-•rnment building at noon. — 
The workmen were to be seen sitting around 
- iting their dinners. A few 
. we passed, during a snow-storm. — 
Led their usual places, quietly eat- 
ing out in the snow and cold. It 
seemed hard enough. They might, at least, 
e into the building, which had a roof 
it they seemed to prefer their accus- 
tomed places, even if it did snow. 

Dr. J. Conrad, the most eminent authority 
on all labor questions in Germany, and Pro- 
r of ' 'National Oekonomie" in the I T ni- 
.; this place, said, in a recent lecture: 
It is a well-established fact, that the Ger- 
man laborer cannot stand beside the English- 
man, the Frenchman, and the American, in 
the amount of labor that each is able to per- 
.. and there can be no doubt but that this 
inability on the part of the German laborer 
5 from the fact that he is not well-fed. 
The English and American workmen eat 
- of beef and strong food, and they are 
strong, active and vigorous, capable of doing 
much more work than the poorly-fed German 

How to better the condition of the labor- 
ing classes is an important question for the 
economist. The way does not seem very 
plain here. There are so many laborers that 
(suit; and, with low wages, they 
cannot procure the comforts and necessaries 
of life. 

As intimated in a former letter, many of 

i America as the land of promise. 

Many of them, however, can never secure 

enough money to pay for the passage. So 

m hand to mouth, managing, 

.< igid economy, to eke out a liv- 

Many of them, with all their hardships, 

I f ul, and one may almost say, 

L>. L. MlLLEB. 

Halle Dec. 10 } 1883. 


Number I. 

o <\ time by the will 



ome tl 

1 ding 

bo are 

fc ie a 

subject that we cannot understand, and that 
we should not meddle with. It is written, 
"Secret things belong to the Lord, our God: 
but those things which are revealed belong to 
us aud our children forever." Dent. 29: 29. — 
Hence, we assume tli3 position, that whatev- 
er the Lord has seen fit to reveal unto us, his 
children, by the holy prophets and apostles, 
may be understood, if properly investigated. 

The reason why the subject of prophecy is 
so little understood, is, that nearly all com- 
mentators spiritualize them too much. A 
certain writer says, that Scripture ought to 
be taken in its most literal sense, unless it 
produces an absurdity. I shall therefore fol- 
low that rule in the following essays. In the 
first place, I shall try to show that all past 
prophecy has been literally fulfilled; and if 
we are successful in that, we shall have a key 
for the interpretation of that which is in the 

We might enlarge on the prophecies under 
the old dispensation, in regard to the over- 
throw of Tyre and Sidon; the destruction of 
Nineveh; the fall of the great city Babylon, 
and with it the subjugation of the Assyrian 
Empire, by the Mecles and Persians; and 
they, in the course of events, by the Grecians, 
under the leadership of Alexander the Great; 
and finally, the subjugation of the whole civ- 
ilized world by the Romans; which events 
were all plainly revealed in the great image 
which Nebuchadnezzar saw (Daniel, second 
chapter) and Daniel's vision of the four 
beasts (Daniel, 7th chapter). 

"We only need to make ourselves acquaint- 
ed with those prophecies, and consult ancient 
hibtory, and see their fulfillment, to confirm 
us in the divine authenticity of the Bible. — 
Leaving all others above-named, we shall on- 
ly enlarge on one, — the destruction of Baby- 
lon and the dissolution of the Assyrian Em- 
pire, by the Medes and Persians, under the 
generalship of Cyrus. 

Babylon stood on a large plain, in a very 
fat and rich soil. The walls were every way 
prodigious. They were in thickness eighty- 
seven feet, in height 350 feet, and in compass 
180 furlongs, which make sixty of our miles. 
These walls were drawn round the city in the 
form of an exact square, each side of which 
was 120 furlongs, or fifteen miles in length, 
&nd all built of large bricks cemented togeth- 
er with bitumen, a glutinous slime arising 
out of the earth of that country, which binds 
much stronger and firmer than mortar, and 
soon grows much harder than the bricks 
themselves which it cements together. 

These walls were surrounded on the out- 
side by a vast ditch, full of water, and lined 
with bricks on both sides. The earth dug 
out of the ditch made the bricks wherewith 
the walls were built; therefore, from the vast 
height and breadth of the walls may be in- 
ferred the greatness of the ditch. On every 
side of this great square were twenty-rive 
gates, that is, 100 in all, which were all made 
of solid brass; and hence it is, that when God 
promised to Cyrus the conquest of Babylon, 
lie told him that he would break in pieces bc- 
fore I' '.in, the (/ales of brass. 

From the twenty-five gates in each side of 

this great square, went twenty-five streets, : 
straight lines to the gates, which were direc 
ly over against them in the opposite side; 
that the whole number of the streets was f 
ty, each fifteen miles long, whereof twent 
five went one way, and twenty-five the oth< 
directly crossing each other at right angles 
A branch of the River Euphrates ran qui 
across the city, from the north to the sou 
side; on-each side of the river Avas a qua 
and a high wall built of brick and bituine 
of the same thickness as the walls that we 
round the city. In these walls, over agaii: 
every street that led to the river, were gat 
of brass, and from them descents by steps 
the river. The brazen gates were alwa 
open in the day-time and shut at night, 
Rol. Y. 1, p. 9G. The circumstances relatii 
to the siege, and taking of Babylon, as pi 
dieted in the Holy Scriptures, and fulfill 
by Cyrus and his army, are too numerous 
refer to many of them; if the readers wish 
full collection of them, refer to Rol. Y. 1, 


Cyrus, whom the Divine Providence w 
to make use of, as an instrument for exeet 
ing his designs of goodness and mercy i 
wards his people was mentioned in th- 
ures by his name above 200 years before 
was born. And that the world might not 
surprised at the marvelous rapidity of 1 
conquests, God was pleased to declare, 
very sublime and remarkable terms, that 
himself would be his guide; and that in all 1: 
expeditions, he would lead him by the hau 
and would subdue ail the princes of the ear 
before him. 

"Thus saith the Lord to his anointed, 
Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden 
subdue nations before him: I will loose t 
loins of kings, to open before him the tw 
leaved gates, and the gates shall not be sh'. 
I will go before thee, and make the crook 
places straight. I will break in pieces t. 
gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars 
iron. And I will give thee the treasures 
darkness and hidden riches of secret plac* 
that thou mayest know, that I the Lord whi< 
call thee by thy name, am the God of Israi 
for Jacob my servant's sake, and Israel mi: 
elect, I have even called thee by thy name; 
have surnamed thee, though thou hast n 
known me." Rol. Y. I, p. 129. 

The siege of this important place was j 
easy enterprise. The walls of it were of 
prodigious height, and appeared to be ina 
cessible, without mentioning the immen 
number of people within them for their d 
fence. Besides, the city was stored with i 
sorts of provisions for twenty years. Ho 1 
ever, these difficulties did not discourage C 
rus from pursuing his design; but despairii 
to take the place by storm or assault, he ma-. 
them believe his design was to reduce it 1 

To this end he caused a line of cireumvg 
lation to be drawn quite round the city, wii 
a large and deep ditch; and that his trooj 
might not be over-fatigued, he di\i 
army into twelve bodies, and assigned ea< 



E them its month for guarding the trenches. 
he besieged, thinking themselves out of 
anger, by reason of their ramparts and mag- 
aines, insulted Cyrus from the top of the 
alls, and laughed at all his attempts, and all 
le trouble he gave himself, as so much un- 
rofltable labor. Eol. V. I, p. 128. 
( To be continued. ) 



How many dear brethren and sisters are 
oing to try to do better than in the past 
ear? Or will some deliberately go back- 
ard? Nay; but rather, move onward and 
pward in the cause of truth, and grace, and 
oodness. The members of the church, the 
lints, the called of God, should be lively 
ad active. Let us help the ministers, and 
ich other. Let us not put stumbling-blocks 
1 the way of each other, nor destroy the 
aod that has been done. 

In this new year, let us aid the ministers 
i proclaiming the ever-blessed Gospel, that 
e may indeed be a light to the world, and 
efore another year we may be the means of 
ringing many precious souls to Christ, — - 
mis that will be diligent in the church. — 
Jill we go on doing the Lord's precepts? I 
o not mean just two or three, but all of 
lem. I do not mean that we should learn 
le first principles of the doctrine of Christ, 
Heb. 6: 12) and do a few of the principles 
i the house of God, but all of them. 

And will we be more spiritual during the 
sar of our Lord 1881? Will we work more 
>r Jesus by working carefully for each oth- 
r? "Will Ave be less concerned about doing 
>o much to build up the church, and more 
mcerned about doing all we can? Are 
lere any who do too' much? Blessed be the 
ame of God; he has done and is doing so 
mcli for us! Behold his commands! Do 
lem, obey them and enjoy his promises. — 
iet us labor to make our paper, our preach- 
lg, our teaching and all of our Christian la- 
or interesting and effectual. 



At 7: 30 P. M., Dec. 28, we met the mem- 
ers of First St. Louis Brethren Church in 
auncil, at No. 817 Warren St., Dr. Shomber, 
leir former minister (now of Peabody, Kan.), 
Jlen A. Oberlin and wife, of 111., and A. W. 
r animan, of Marion, Iowa, being present. — 
'he latter is now in the city prospecting, 
r ith a view of locating there, to help in the 
reat work of saving souls and glorifying 
l-od in the_ fity. Brother and sister Oberlin 
auded in their letters and are now members 
f the St. Louis church. They live about 
sn miles up the river, on an island in the 
lississippi, where Bro. O. is teaching school 
t seventy dollars per month. 

Had a very pleasant church council; much 
>ve and zeal was manifested. Communion 
ieing agreed upon to begin at 7: 30 P. M., 
)ec. 30, the necessary arrangements were at 

once begun. Dec. 29, about noon, Eld. John 
Metzger arrived. The day was spent in fast- 
ening the chairs together, making tables and 
procuring the things we had need of against 
the Feast, etc. Dec. 30, met at 10: 30 for 
services. Dr. Shomber led in speaking; text, 
"By grace are ye saved, etc." Congregation 
rather small, but very attentive. 

At 2: 30 P. M., we attended the largest 
Sunday-school I ever saw. It consisted of 
eight officers, forty-nine male and fourteen fe- 
male teachers, twenty visitors, and 1288 schol- 
ars; total number present, 1379. At 7: 30 P. 
M., we met for Communion services. Com- 
municants present, seventeen ; ministers three. 
Bro. Shomber officiated. A larger number 
of spectators were present than at any pre- 
vious meeting held in the new house; adults 
very quiet and attentive; little boys, of whom 
there was quite a gang, a little noisy. Had, 
on the whole, a very enjoyable meeting. The 
members were much encouraged, and pros- 
pects are decidedly brightening. No resi- 
dent ministers yet. 

Eld. John Metzger and I expect, in turns, 
to preach there on the second and fourth 
Sundays of each month, until something bet- 
ter can be secured. Brethren Metzger and 
Shomber remained and expect to continue 
meetings a few days, while I came home, 
where I found several letters from ministers, 
offering their services in the city, for all of 
which we thank God and take courage. 



In my letter on the religion of Germany, I 
gave some facts showing that there was but 
little spirituality in the church. Since then, 
my attention has been called to an article in 
The Nation, published at New York, on the 
same subject; and to show that I did not 
overdraw the picture, I send you a copy of 
the article for publication. The Nation is 
noted for its fairness on all questions: 

"For any one who reads Luther's story and 
considers his work, the fact that the great 
bulk of those who have just celebrated his 
achievements with pride as one of the great- 
est of Germans, have no more faith in his 
doctrines than he put in Tetzel's,. and care no 
more for his Bible than he cared for the 
Missal, is pathetic enough. In other words, 
to put it plainly, the birthday of the great 
Reformer has been honored in his own coun- 
try by people who never read his Bible, and 
who sing his hymns rather as old war songs' 
than as expressions of religious devotion. 

"The truth is, that there is now but little 
religious belief of any kind to be found 
among the educated classes of Protestant 
Germany, and that Luther's Reformation is, 
in their eyes, rather a step in the political 
and intellectual emancipation of the country 
than a phase of religious progress. Luther 
is to them a forerunner of Bismarck, in short, 
rather than the promulgator of a new creed, 
or the founder of a new church. They care 
but very little about the nature or origin of 
his quarrel with the Pope. 

"What he managed to save out of the 
wreck of his old faith is no more valuable in 
their eyes than what he lost, and his Bible 
interests them rather as a specimen of Old 
German than as a new spiritual lamp provid- 
ed by him for men of his time. Rome could 
not have Avished, and probably has never ex- 
pected a more complete failure of Lutheran- 
ism, in the sense in which Luther would have 
wished the term Lutheranism to be taken, 
than has really occurred. 

"But the failure is such that the church 
profits nothing by it. Not much of his con- 
struction work is left in Germany among the 
class which reflects on religious problems, 
but the spirit of free inquiry in which he 
carried it on has grown stronger than ever. 
The process which he applied to Papal au- 
thority is now applied to all subjects whatev- 
er. The Bible itself has to submit to the 
tests and questionings to which he subjected 
the Pope and the Councils. 

"This, were he to come on earth again, he 
might soon get to understand and even en joy, 
but never that strong and growing disposi- 
tion of his countrymen to think only of the 
things of this life, and to dismiss from their 
attention, as inscrutable and insoluble, those 
problems of the hereafter with which he and 
most thinking men of his time were mainly 

This article is severe, but it contains much 
truth. It is apparent to any one who will 
take the trouble to observe the condition of 
the Evangelical Church in Germany to-day, 
that there is a great lack of spirituality in it. 
And yet, on the whole, I am disposed to think 
that the above article is rather too severe. I 
have met some men here who seemed to be 
much in earnest in the Christian Avork. 


Our Communion on Christnfas was a 
pleasant one, and if I could speak for others 
as I can for myself, it was an enjoyable one. 
Had plenty of help in the ministry, as the 
Committee on Church Extension were pres- 
ent, also several others from abroad. Bro. 
Eby's week's preaching among us was appre- 
ciated very much by us. He preached sound 
doctrine, warning sinners to repent and work 
out their own souls' salvation, while it is yet 
called to-day. How many will heed the call? 
We hope and pray that they may be awaken- 
ed while the door of mercy is yet open and 
the Lord is yet friendly. R. W. Hufford. 

«>SS»— »-*-^«S» 

The maelstrom attracts more notice than 
the quiet fountain; the comet draws more at- 
tention than the steady star; but it is better 
to be the fountain than the maelstrom, and 
star than- comet, following out the sphere and 
orbit of quiet usefulness in Avhich God plac- 
es us. — John Hall, D. D. 

It is wonderful how silent a man can be 
when he knows his cause is in the just, and 
how boisterous he becomes when he knows 
he is in the wrong. 




"Preach the Woid." 


An Address Delivered by L>. P. Saylor on 
the kfteru i >n of Thanksgiving l>ay. 

Or : Sunday-school will close for the sea- 
son to-day. and I am to make you (lie closing 
address. But as I have addressed you on 

Cirri- nd moral subjects at each session 

of the school, there is not much for me to do in 
:'.. it line to-day. I will again explain to you 
the meaning of the first book in the Bible, 
and try to show you its great importance. 
Tne first book in the Bible is called Gene- 
- the word means to produce or to create; 
. e is called Genesis because it contains 
the history of the creation of the world and 
of the human race. It is the most ancient 
history of the world; it gives an account of 
creation of the world and its first inhabi- 
tants, of the original increase and fall of 
man. of the rise of religion, the invention of 
- . and of the corruption and degeneracy 
of man; of the universal deluge and the re- 
peopling of the earth. It gives the origin of 
nations and kingdoms; and is a history of 
the patriarchs from Adam down to Joseph — 
a period of at least 2368 years. 

3o, in Genesis we have a history older than 
any one the world can produce; and in it we 
can learn what cannot be learned in all the 
histories of the world. "We spend money to 
procure, and time to read the histories of na- 
tions and kingdoms of the world, but in them 
we can only learn of the existence of them 
as the historian found them, when history 
began to be written; but how they originated, 
all the histories of the world fail to inform 
us. "When the history af our America was 
written, the historian found the Indian and 
evidences of former civilization but by whom 
made; or wh ere they came from, he cannot 
inform us. But in the book of Genesis 
we have the history of the origin of man, 
and the outlines of all nations; and is a 
history 2369 years older than the remot- 
est scrip of history the world can produce.— 
In consideration of these truths, and its di- 
vine inspiration, I cannot too earnestly urge 
you to a careful study of this book. 

Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and 
teronomy are Called the Five Books of 
Moses. They were written by him, and 
e are so called. They are also called the 
<: Pentateuch. But this is a Greek word, and 
. nything that contains five articles or 
instruments. Webster, in his dtfiuition, il- 
lustrates it with a box containing five balls. 
In th ish language the word is applied 

to the five books of Moses. 

committed to memory, and re- 
1 in order the Ten Commandments; and 
Ihai y on an explanation of each one 

of them. I will repeat my introductory ex- 

of God ■ ' 'jj in the Ten Corn- 
great importance in the 
; ell as in the Mosaic religion. 
. ; ' Bj the Lh.w e the knowl- 

edge of sin." He also says, "I would not 
have known lust, if the law had not said, 
Thou shait not covet." Therefore the law is 
our school-master to bring us to Christ. The 
law is known by different names in the Bi- 
ble. In Ex. 20: 1, it is called, " All these 
words." in Deut. 4: 13, it is called, "My 
covenant, even ten commandments." It is 
also called the moral law, and sometimes the 
law, and by us is also called Decalogue. — 
This is the Greek word for ten and speech, so 
the English apply it to the ten command- 
ments or ten speeches. It was given to 
Moses by God himself on Mount Sinai. It 
was written on two tables, or slabs of stone 
with the finger of God. It was kept with 
ceremonial care in the ark of testimony. The 
ark was a box or chest, made after the special 
direction of God. But in the destruction of 
the temple; and the dispersion of the Jews, 
it was lost. Whether it will ever be found, 
God knows. 

Among ministers the ten commandments 
are divided into, what they call the first and 
second tables. The first table contains the 
four first commandments, and they contain 
the whole system of theology and the true 
idea of the divine nature of God; and what 
reverence and service man should render un- 
to him. 

The second table embraces the six last 
commandments, and they contain a com- 
plete system of moral duties man owes to 
his fellow-man. By this division, the first 
table contains our duty to God, and the sec- 
ond our duty to man; the grand principles of 
which are, as taught by the Savior, — Love to 
God and love to man. 

Moses, in Deut. 5: 3, says: "The Lord made 
thiS covenant with us, even us, who are all of 
us here alive to-day." So this law is given 
to all the living to whose knowledge it may 
come. It was given with great solemnity, — 
"I am the Lord, thy God who brought thee 
out of Egypt, the house of bondage." That 
God who Paul said, "made the world and all 
tilings therein; and made of one blood all 
nations of men to dwell on all the face of the 
earth, and hath determined the times before 
appointed, and the bounds of their habita- 
tion," has given man this law to do, and to 
keep; and with reverence and godly fear 
all should strictly observe it. 

In addition to your New Testament read- 
ing, you read the history of Joseph, and at 
the close of your reading it, in the evening 
meeting I preached you a sermon on "Joseph 
the type of Christ." 

You have committed to memory the names 
of the twelve apostles, and you haA^e recent- 
ly read th rough the book of St. John; and 
at the time you answered the question whose 
son John was, and who his brother was. I 
will now give you a biographical sketch of 
him. John, the fourth in the order of the 
evangelists is undoubtedly the writer of the 
Gospel bearing his name. And the three 
epibtles of John were written by him. John 
is one of the twdve our Lord called apostles; 
he was the son of Zebedee and James was 
his brother; and they, with their father, fol- 
lowed the occupation of fishermen. John 

was called the beloved disciple, and the 
ciple whom Jesus loved. He, with. P 
and James was admitted to some et] 
scenes in the life of Christ. He was v.itl 
Christ on the mountain when he was trans- 
figured before them. He was with ChruM 
when in his agony in the Garden of Geth- 
semane, where his sweat like great drops oil 
blood fell to the ground; and he was present: 
where Christ was crucified; and he is the dis- 
ciple of whom Jesus said to his mother- 
"Woman, behold thy son." To the disciple 
he said: "Behold thy mother!" "And from 
that hour he took her unto his own homv' — 
He saw the soldiers divide Christ's raiment 
among them, and casting lots for his vesture.! 
He saw the soldiers pierce the side of Christ-| 
with a spear, and he saw the blood and water 1 
flow from the wound ; and he heard Christ f 
cry, "I thirst," and "It is finished." He saw I 
him bow his head and expire, and he was the J 
first disciple that came to the sepulchre after 
Christ had arisen; and he was present when I 
Christ appeared to the disciples on the even-1 
ing of the day of his resurrection. He, J 
with Peter, cured a man lame from his birth, I 
for which they were cast into prison. And 
he, with Peter, was sent by the apostles to | 
Samaria, to confer the Holy Ghost upon I 
those whom Philip had baptized: and he was 
present at the council in Jerusalem. John I 
was an eye and ear witness of the doings of ] 
Christ which he records in his Gospel. 

When Donitian declared war against the ] 
church of Christ A. D. 95, John was banish- 
ed from Ephesus and taken to Borne, where 
he was immersed in a caldron of boiling oil, I 
but he received no harm from it. Afterwi i - 
he was banished to the isle of Patrm 
rocky island in the iEgean Sea, where he 
wrote the book of Revelation. Donitian was 
killed in the year 90. when Nero, his succes- 
sor, recalled all who had been banished. It 
is thought that John returned to Ephesu?, 
being about 90 years old. It is also thought 
that he is the only one of the apostles that 
died a natural death at the age of over 1"! » 

Jerome, in his account of John, says that 
he continued preaching when, he was so fee- 
ble with age, that he was carried to the 
meetings, but, not being able to deliver a 
long sermon on account of feebleness, his 
custom was to say. "My dear children, love 
one another; my dear children, love one an- 
other!" Dear children and teachers, this 
great and good man's testimony of Christ 
you have just read, and it will be well with 
you, if you take earnest heed to observe it. 

You were asked to state in Christ's own 
language the object of his coming into the 
world. It was answered, " For the Son of 
Man is come to seek and to save that which 
was lost." The manner of his coming; how 
he saves, and what was lost, opened too wide 
a range of thought to be explained in the 
short time allotted me to address the school; 
so you remember I in the evening meeting 
preached you a sermon on that texi. 

Will you now t^ll me what six things God 
hates; yea seven are abomination to him? 
"A proud look, a ljing tongue and hands 



that shed innocent blood. A heart that de- 
viseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift 
in running to mischief; a false witness that 
speaketh lies, and he that soweth discord 
"among brethren." Yes, a number of you 
have repeated it correctly. It is found in 
Prov. 6: 17, 18, 19. 

First — A proud look is hateful to God and 
to man. Pride is of . the devil and God 
knows the proud afar off, and a proud look 
he hates. A proud look and proud actions 
are twin brothers, and they are always in 
company with each other. Self-esteem and 
looking on others with scorn, — a proud look, 
anr) proud actions are always associated to- 
gether. The following circumstance will il- 
lustrate this subject: 

Sometime ago a young, upstart, proud- 
looking man was seated at the dinner table 
in a city hotel, eating dinner. An old man 
in common clothes came in for dinner; the 
steward seated him by the young man, who 
looked on the old man with scorn and deri- 
sion; in eating, the young man wanted the 
pepper box which stood close by the old 
man, who politely handed it to him, but he 
rejected it as an insult. In the meantime a 
genial-looking gentleman came in to dinner; 
his face beamed with kindness; and his look 
was pleasant to all. The steward seated him 
by the side of the old man in common clothes, 
and the genial-looking gentleman at once 
commenced a conversation with the old man. 
They had a friendly talk together while 
eating, although perfect strangers. After 
they left the room, the steward asked the 
guests, whether any of them knew the par- 
ties, but none knew them, though all had ob^ 
served their manner. "Well," said the stew- 
ard, "the pleasant, genial-looking gentleman is 
Judge Black of Pa., and that proud, upstart- 
looking young man is a drummer, selling 
goods for a mercantile house for, hire. 

Here, children, teachers, and all present, 
you see the difference. Judge Black, one of 
Pennsylvania's great and good men, with his 
genial face and' pleasant and humble look, 
condescends to converse with a stranger, 
clothed in common working clothes, while 
the young drummer upstart, the coat on his 
back perhaps not paid for, looks on the kind 
offer of the pepper box as an insult. Which 
of the two do you think God hates? Ah, you 
all feel that it is the proud look God hates; 
and so do all good people. Then never culti- 
vate such hateful things as proud looks and 

Second — A lying tongue is one who delib- 
erately tells lies; one we don't know when to 
believe, one who not only tells what he knows 
is not truth, but studies lies and glories in 
telling them, — a noted liar. 

Third — Hands that shed innocent blood; in 
other words this means a murderer, — one 
who will kill his fellow-man in any way, or is 
accessory to the deed if perpetrated by oth- 
ers, or if he kills himself, either as a suicide 
or by the slower, but sure way of intemper- 
ance and unnecessary exposure. 

Fourth — A heart that deviseth wicked im- 
aginations is one who lays schemes, and plans 
out ways to do wickedness, a leader in wick- 

edness; not only doing wickedness himself, 
but inducing others to do wicked and bad 

Fifth — Feet that be swift in running to 
mischief are inclined and given over to mis- 
chief willingly and with pleasure; not only 
doing mischief, but a mischief maker, stirring 
up strife, envy and ill-will among neighbors. 

Sixth — A false witness that speaketh lies 
is a witness who will tell lies when under 
oath in the witness-stand — one who can be 
bribed or bought to testify to a falsehood. 

Yea, seven — He that soweth discord among 
Brethren ; is one who by evil speaking, tale- 
bearing, back-biting, and news-carrying dis- 
turbs the peace of the neighborhood ; brings 
discord between church members; in families 
between brothers and sisters, and even hus- 
band and wife. Such are an abomination to 
God, and are hated by him. 

Dear children, and teachers of this school, 
with all others, never suffer yourselves to fall 
into any of these evil habits. God hates 
them and they are an abomination to him; 
they can in no way be any benefit to you, but 
will do you harm. 

With this address our Sunday-school will 
close for this season; our meetings have been 
pleasant to me, and I think to you also. You 
have been good children and very prompt in 
your attendance, for which you have our 
thanks. We have tried to impress your 
minds with the true Gospel principles of 
Christianity and morality; and, I hope, with 
some degree of success. As the advisory 
counselor of our school I will say, our great- 
est trouble, seems to be to keep up a working 
interest among ourselves. Some of our 
Christian mothers have manifested a com- 
mendable interest in the labors of the school ; 
and their praise is in the Sunday-school and 
in the church. The children in their charge 
have learned to love them; and they love one 

But while I can give this commendation to 
some faithful Christian mothers, it *is with 
sorrow and regret 1 must say that some pro- 
fessing Christian fathers manifest an un- 
commendable indifference in regard to our 
Sunday-school, as well as to whether their 
children are taught in the true principles of 
early Christian training or not. I hope, and 
try to pray that if the Lord will and we live, 
to re-organize this Sunday-school, all of us 
will feel the necessity of training children 
in the way they should go. The command 
of Christ is to teach all nations, and a nation 
is composed of men, women and children; so 
all must be taught and believers baptized.- — 
The wise teachers who turn many to right- 
eousness, will shine in the firmament forever. 
"Feed my lambs" is the risen Savior's first 

In dismissing you, in the language of Paul 
"I commend you to God, and to the Word of 
his grace, which is able to build you up, and 
to give you an inheritance among all them 
that are sanctified." 


" In life it is difficult to say who sometimes 
do you the most mischief — enemies with the 
worst intentions, or friends with the best. 

ROBERTSON-BOND.— Dec. 16, 1833, at the residence 
of the undersigned, in Lancaster, Huntington Co., 
Ind , Joseph W, Robertson and Anna Bond, bolh of 
Huntington Co., Ind. Eld. Samuel Murray. 

CRLPE— BIGLER.-Dec. 23, by Bro. Weaver of Clin- 
ton township, Ind., Bio. David E. Cripe, of North 
Manchester and sister Lydia Bixler, of Goshen, Ind. 

Ella Bussabd. 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

FILSON.— In the Dallas Centre church, Iowa, Oct. 11, 
sister Charlotte Filson, wife of Bro. Joseph Filson, ag- 
ed 57 years, 10 months and 24 days. 
She was palsy-stricken nearly sis years ago, and in 
that time was confined to her bed part of the time, 
though in all her sufferings she trusted in the Lord. 

GABY— In the Four Mile church, Inch, Nov 9, sister 
Susanna Gaby, aged 81 years and 5 months. 
Deceased was born in Maryland, June 9, 1802; 
came to Indiana in 1816; was married to Richard 
Strong in 1821; united with the German Baptist Breth- 
ren about 1840. She was the mother of 14 children; 
had 46 grand- children and 50 great-grandchildren. Fu- 
neral by Bio. Jacob Rife, from Rev. 14: 13. 

NARMORE.— In the same church, Fayette Co, Ind., 
Nov. 24, Bro. Wade H. Narmore, aged 32 years and 
10 months. Funeral by Bro. Jacob Rife from 1 Cor. 
15:22. - Wm. McWhorter. 

McCOY— In Palmer, Christian Co., 111., Dec. 17, 1883, 
sister Eleanor McCoy, aged 67 years, 5 months and 
21 days. Funeral text 2 Tim. 4: 7, 8. 

M. J. McClure. 

RITCHEY— In the Hopewell church, Pa., Dec. 8, Mrs. 
Elizabeth Ritchey, wife of Bio. Simon Ritchey, de- 
ceased, aged 73 years. 
Funeral services by Bro. D. S. Clapper, to a large 

circle of friends and relatives. . Michael Keller. 

EBERSOLE— In the Warrensburg church, Johnson Co , 

Mo., Dec. 10, Sarah Elizabeth Ebtrsole agtd 7 jears, 

7 months and 11 days. 

Deceased was a daughter of Bro. J. F. and sister 

Mary Ebersole recently f Km the Sugar Ridge church, 

Hancock Co., 0. Funeral services by the writer from 

the words, "The maid is not dead but sleepeth." 

Jacob Witmore. 

PUMPHREY — In the Pleasant Valley church, Nov. 3, 

sister Frances, wife of friend Larkin Pumpbrey, aged 

73 years, 4 months and 24 days. 

Levi A. Wenger. 

MELLINGER.— Dec. 16, in the Blue River church, No- 
ble Co., Inch, of lung fever, sister Susan Mellinger, 
aged 51 years, 2 months and 27 days. 


LYONS. — In the Indian Creek church, Fayette Co., Pa.. 

July 4, Bro. Jonathan Lyons, aged 79 years and 3 


Brother Lyons came into the church at the ekvenlh 

hour. He was taken from a sick-bed and baptized by 

the writer and J M. Miller according to the commission, 

unharmed by the effects of the water, after which he ve* 

quested us to have a Love-ieast at his house. This he 

enjoyed very much, thanking God for being so kind to 

him in permitting him to of the precious cm- 

, blems, held sacred by the children of God. He lived a 

a faithful and devoted life for nine months and leaves a 

wife and five children to mourn their loss, which, we 

hope, is his eternal gain. His funeial was preached at, 

the Back Creek school-house by D D. Horner and the 

writer from Heb. 9: 27, 28, to a large audience. 

Jertjiiah FoueT. 



The gospel Messenger. 

Published Weekly. 

P B 1 C E . S 1 . 5 V E R A N N M. 

Brethren's Publishing; Co., - - Publishers. 


I. H. MOORS, Managing Editor, 


Boaoresa Habaoxr of Westkrs Housf, Mt. Morris. III. 

.' m ii a i< <it ions for publication should be written on 
..-.■-T only, and separate from all other busi- 

Sttlxcri/itio)} Price of the GOSPEL MESSENGER is $1,50 
ranee. Anyone sending ten names and $15.00, 
- fire* one year. 
Ai/fiits II ii ntfti in eTery locality to gather subscribers. 
g - gents* outfit free. 

*. mlint/ ?I"ney. — Send money by Drafts, Postal Orders, 
gist Iters. Drafts and Postal Orders should be 

ders m - able at the office to which they are 6ent. 
II mr r.< ttii'rvss. — Subscriptions and communications 
iOSPKL SI SSENGKR, as well as all orders for Hymn 
— d either of the following ways: 
s s Prn>T.T>.nTvn ro.. Mt. Morris. Ogle Co., 111. 
s - Publishing Co., Bos 50. Huntingdon, Pa. 
II i/iii >i Honks and Hymnals to be sent by mail may be 
er place. When to be sent by Express, order 
from the nearest office 

Mt. Morris, III., 

Jau. 8, 1884. 

Four recently united with the White Cloud 
Church, Nodaway Co., Mo. 

Eld. Hiel Hamilton, is expected to lo- 
cate in the Bachelor's Run church, Ind. 

Beg. Jesse Calvert is again in the field 
at work. He is now at La Grange, Ind. 

We print enough of this issue to supply 
all new subscribers that may yet come in. 

Bf.o. W. Pi. Deeter closed a series of meet- 
ings at Monticello, Ind., Dec. 23, with four 

Beo. S A. Honberger, reports fair pros- 
ts for missionary work, in Northern Mis- 
souri this Winter. 

Bbo. F. W. Dove, of East Tennessee, was 
booked for a series of meetings at Hylton, 
Virginia, last week. 

Bro. John Harshbarger, of Girard, 111., is 
ted for a series of meetings at Hudson, 
commencing Jan. 18th, 1884. 

Those who have ordered Revised Minutes 
will please exercise a little patience, as the 
lition is not yet completed. 

,z Moses Deardorff and S. C. 
ged Jrora Panora, Guthrie 
a, to Yale, same county and State. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchinson, of Missouri, is 
still at work in Virginia. He reports excel- 
lent meetings and also much zeal among the 

Fouri recently united with the church at 
Johnstown, W. Va., during a series of meet- 
ings held by Bro. W. A. Gaunt. Also one 

Eld. Geo. W. Cripe, of Petit, Ind., is now 
located in the Milmine congregation, Piatt 
Co., 111. His address is now Cerro Gordo, 
Piatt Co., 111. 

Eld. Jesse Myers wishes it stated that 
his address is not Roann, Wabash Co., Ind., 
as stated in the Almanac, but Laketon, Wa- 
bash Co., Ind. 

Bro. M. M. Eshelman has been ordained 
to the Eldership. He writes that the church 
at Burr Oak, Kansas, is in peace, and has 
before it encouraging prospects. 

Bro. J. Studebaker reports three more 
lately baptized in the Painter Creek church, 
Ohio, which make five accessions by baptism 
during the month of December. 

The School here seems to be prospering 
finely. The attendance is large, and the dis- 
cipline excellent. The Sunday-school, we 
think, is the best we ever attended. 

Bro. George Hanawalt, reports the 
church at Johnstown, Pa., as growing into an 
excellent working condition. Quite a num- 
ber were lately added to the church. 

The Brethren in St. Louis held a Feast in 
their new meeting-house in the City, the last 
week in December. The prospects for the 
church there seem quite encouraging. 

Bro. M. M. Eshelman writes that he and 
Bro. Hillery have been spending several 
weeks in the mission field in Kansas. He re- 
ports goad congregations and much interest. 

Bro. John Zuck, of Clarence, Iowa, has de- 
cided to do considerable preaching in Iowa, 
the remainder of the AVinter. We would 
like to hear of hundreds of others entering 
the field in like manner. 

. J G. Royeb is now with us and is 
excellent preaching of evenings 
pel. The interest is very good. 

who did much good writ- 

/;. nl W. some years ago, has just 

isband to Jewell county, 


Mr;ou church Dews must lay over till next 
v.hhk. We first give room to the short re- 
n ger ones till we have 
more room. 

. mm . of Iowa, has been 
, i r j the Milledge- 
viile Lnois. He also preached 

-^rk. > 

Bro. Washington Wiland closed a se- 
ries of meetings in the Panther Creek Church, 
Iowa, in December, with four additions. One 
more had just previously united with the 
church by confession and baptism. 

LATE. — We are just one week late with 
this issue. Oar press .bed not being level, 
was sent to Chicago for redressing. This 
took one week jonger than we had expected, 
biit we will soon be on time again. 

Bro. John M. Mohler closed his series of 
meetings in Germantown, Pa., with one ad- 
dition by baptism. The congregation is 
small, hence the attendance was not large, 
yet it is reported by our correspondent that 
there are fair prospects of the church work 
reviving iu this, the oldest congregation in 
the Brotherhood. 

Bro. John Knisely, of Plymouth, Ind., 
writes that ten more have been received into 
the church there since his last report* 
making, in all, nearly forty within the last few 

Bro. Joel Sherfy, Jonesboro, Tenn., 
would like to have the address of members 
living in the Northern part of Alabama. 
Some one will please give him the desired 

The brethren of Lancaster, Ind., held their 
Winter Feast on Christmas Eve. The meet- 
ing was largely attended but they were dis- 
appointed in not having the services of Bro. 
Davis Younce. 

We regret to learn that Bro. Sidney Hodg- 
den, of Neosho Co., Kansas, has been confin- 
ed to his room about six weeks, on account of 
sickness. When last heard from he was im- 
proving somewhat. 

In his report of the Mission Board work 
of the Middle District of Indiana, last vol- 
ume, page 363, the types make brother John 
Snoebarger say, Abraham Barnhart instead of 
Abram Rinehart. We give this as a correc- 

The first week of January, in Northern 
Illinois, was extremely cold, the thermome- 
ter reaching thirty- seven degrees below zero. 
The snow is over one foot deep on the level, 
and in places drifted to the depth of four 

Thirty-seven have united with the church, 
in the Central mission field of Illinois, since 
Bro. C. S. Holsinger located there, a few years 
ago. Three have died, three gone back to 
the world, while the rest remain faithful to 
the church. 

Bro. H. W. Stricsler, of Loraine 111., 
writes that Bro John Pool, of the Spring 
Run church, has been holding a very inter- 
esting series of meetings in that church. 
One was baptized, and others seemed near 
the Kingdom. 

Bro. F. F. Meyers writes that Bro. S. C. 
Fickel and wife, after an absence of one year, 
have returned to St. Louis, Mo., to help the 
little church there. Bro. Fickel was elected 
to the deacons ufiice in that church nearly 
two years ago. 

Bro. B. W. De Witt, of Jelloway, Ohio, 
says he wau^s just space to say, "The Gospel 
Messenger is the best paper ever published 
in the Brotherhood.'' We are receiving 
scores of jnstsuch remarks, but modesty for- 
bids us saying much about them. 

Bro. Quinter, on his way home from Wa- 
terloo, Iowa, spent a few days very pleasant- 
ly with us. He preached two excellent ser- 
mons in the Chapel, and was listened to by 
very large, attentive congregations. It 
would have afforded us much satisfaction if 
he could have remained longer, but other en- 
gagements mode it necessary for him to re- 
turn home. He is now rather old to travel 
much in the Winter, being near his 6Sth 



All orders for "Certificates of Membership 
in Book-form," haVe now been filled. This 
last lot is much neater than any we have here- 
tofore printed. The book contains 50 certifi- 
cates, and is sent post-paid for 50 cents. 
There ought to be a copy in every congrega- 

Eld. T. S. Snyder and Bro. Thos. Harri- 
son, of Dry Greek, Linn Co., Iowa, spent Sun- 
day, Dec. 30th, in Lanark. Bro. S : preached 
in morning and evening to appreciative audi- 
ences. Lanark is a good place for ministers 
to stop who can preach Christ and h.'m cru- 

We could fill many columns with kind words 
from our readers. We give the following as 
a very mild specimen: "The Messenger is 
giving good satisfaction and I believe it is 
doing a good work. I hope you Avill continue 
to work for peace and union." — John E. 
Metzger, Ind. 

The Church Extension Committee met at 
Cerro Gordo, 111., December 25, and contin- 
ued in session three days. Their plan is now 
completed. A copy has been sent us. We 
shall publish it in course of a few weeks, for 
the benefit of our readers. After the plan is 
published, we want nothing said through the 
Messenger concerning it. The Annual 
Meeting will be the place Ipr opinions con- 
cerning it. 

John Burns, publisher and bookseller, St. 
Louis Mo., has laid on our desk a neatly 
printed volume, entitled the "Eclectic S. S. 
Lesson Commentary for 1SSI," by J. W. 
Monser; price only 55 cents. It can be had 
by addressing the publishers. Those who 
use the International Lessons will find this 
a very valuable aid. The comments are con- 
densed, yet clear enough for all practical pur- 
poses. We cheerfully recommend the work 
to S. S. workers. 

At a meeting recently held at the Old 
Valley meeting-house, Botetourt Co., Va., 
thirty-three persons united with the church, 
by confession and laptism. The meetings 
lasted about three weeks, and most of the 
preaching was done by Bro. A. Hutchinson, 
of Missouri. This is one of the examples of 
not. closing the meetings so soon, and we 
hope our ministers will heed the example, 
and profit by it. A meeting of three weeks 
in most any congregation will result in many 

We take pleasure in calling the attention 
of our correspondents and readers to the Cor- 
respondence Department this week. The ar- 
ticles in that department are all short, and 
on the whole are quite interesting. We have 
taken the liberty of' cutting them down so as 
to get as many as possible in the paper. 
And now we suggest that those who write 
church news, will hereafter make their arti 
cles short and to the point. • By doing so 
they will enable us to give them much more 
interesting news. We solicit church news 
from every part of: the Brotherhood, and by 
having the reports brief, each issue may con- 
tain quite a variety of interesting news. 

A party of capitalists from Staunton, Vir- 
ginia, have purchased thirty-two thousand 
acres of land near Great Bend, Kansas', with 
a view of locating a colony of Brethren. — 
The one who has charge of the colony, will 
please send his address to this office, as oth- 
ers are inquiring about the colony. 

One of the most interesting books sent to 
our office this Winter is a work entitled "Re- 
vivals, How to Promote Them." It is a neat- 
ly printed volume of over 400 pages, by Wal- 
ter P. Doe, and will prove of immense value 
to all ministers. We do not mean to approve 
of all there is in the work, but a careful study 
of it will give any minister good suggestions, 
that may greatly aid him in his ministerial 
work. Price, $1.50. Address E. B. Treat, 757 
Broadway, N. Y. 

Bro. Solomon Bu( kalew, of W. Va., 
spent the last week of December with us, 
preaching part of the time in the College 
Chapel, and the other part in the Silver 
Creek meeting-house in the country. Most 
of the time the weather was very unfa- 
vorable, yet we had some good meetings. 
Bro. Buckalew told us many good things 
while with us, and made a very favorable im- 
pression as an earnest expounder of the 
Scriptures. From here he went to West 

Bro. D, P. Fahrney, of Frederick City, 
Md., suggests that the next Annrial Meeting 
should take the necessary steps to have the 
Brotherhood properly incorporated according 
to law, as the church, the way she now stands, 
cannot receive money by bequest in Mary- 
land; and perhaps in other States it is the 
same. We hope some of the Districts will 
carry this matter up to the next Annual Meet- 
ing. It would not only be well to incorpor- 
ate the churches but also to encourage be- 
quests. Many of our members would gladly 
leave a portion of their estates to the Broth- 
erhood, if the church were properly incor- 
porated and the necessary inducements held 
out for bequests. 


One of our influential elders and corres- 
pondents calls our attention to what is known 
as the "mandatory act," now incorporated in 
the Revised Minutes. He is of the impres- 
sion that to adopt the revision with the man- 
datory clause inserted, would prove quite dis- 
astrous to the welfare of the Brotherhood, 
for it is held that many of our former decis- 
ions were adopted by the Annual Meeting in 
the sense of advice; they were never intended 
to be enforced, and to make them binding up- 
on all the churches at this or any other time, 
would create intense dissatisfaction, to say 
nothing of the advantage that such a course 
would give to our enemies. 

We desire to look this difficulty square in 
the face, and present a few remarks for the 
consideration of our readers. 

The mandatory act was adopted with the 
distinct understanding that it should apply to 
decisions made after that time. Last, year it 

was materially modified, and a clause insert- 
ed, permitting the Annual Meeting to make 
advisory decisions also. If the revision is to 
be adopted, it should be distinctly stated that 
all the decisions therein are to be applied in 
the sense in which they were originally made 
by the A. M. If they are advisory, they 
should remain so. To take all the advice 
contained in the Minutes and make the same 
binding on all the church, would, of itself, 
destroy the whole force of the Minutes, for 
the simple reason that a set of rules that can- 
not be enforced, becomes powerless. The 
same would prove equally true regarding the 
advice given by the Apostle Paul; it would 
be impossible to enforce it in any congrega- 
tion in the Brotherhood. 

Some or our brethren hold that the A. M. 
made a mistake when she decided that all her 
decisions should be considered advice only. 
We are inclined to the same view, yet we are 
confident that to now change all that advice to 
rules that shall be binding on all the churches, 
would be a greater mistake. We can do no 
better than to leave them stand just where 
the old Brethren placed them, or else separate 
them, and say what shall be considered advice 
only, and what shall be regarded as manda- 
tory. It would have been w r ell if this part of 
the work had been entrusted to the Revision 
Committee. To thus classify all the de- 
cisions, now in the Revised Minutes, is per- 
haps the only real satisfactory solution of the 
difficulty. Some of these decisions are sup- 
ported by a positive thus saith the Gospel, yet 
the A. M. has said that they are advice only. 
Year? ago £>eople gave more heed to advice 
than now, and for that reason advisory de- 
cisions served a good purpose even where 
something stronger than advice was demand- 
ed by the Gospel. When some began fc dis- 
regard the advice given by Annual Meeting, 
and others undertook to enforce decisions 
that were purely advice, dissatisfaction at 
once commenced. This dissatisfaction will 
continue as long as the Minutes remain 
in their present condition. • It also makes 
housekeeping very embarrassing to elders, es- 
pecially when they undertake to enforce some 
of the decisions that were given as advice on- 
ly. It seems to us that the next A. M. ought 
to appoint a very prudent committee to prop- 
erly classify all the decisions in the Revised 
Minutes, so we will then know which to re- 
gard as binding and which as advice only. 
This classification should then be submit- 
ted to the Annual Meeting of 18S5 lor ratifi- 

With the above consideration before us, 
we are prepared to express our mind def- 
initely respecting the mandatory clause, but 
for the want of space will defer our remarks 
till next week. j. h. m. 

We have received articles enough on the 
"Old and New Year," to fill this entile issue, 
aucl they are still coming. We select a few 
of the best, and lay the rest aside. 




- ' . 

We ate approaching the end of the year! 
s now in order for writers to draw on 
- eea for a series of meditations ap- 
I : the occasion. We are. not in- 
reminded that as the autumnal 
~ v ison and golden, opalesque and 

softly fluttering to the earth, 

must lie down, at last, in the si- 


It is n< ilso, about the time when the 

s universal, shall again favor mankind 

that exquisite, but quite familiar, poem, 

iful Snow." 

. s in their beauty and fresh- 
mind ns of our school-boy days, and 
the i le Friday afternoon "Composi- 

d E sation," "Temperance,"' "Pro- 
"The Importance of Study." 
dndred subjects, of a lively and inspir- 
_ e closing of the year does, indeed, bring 
it abundant food for serious reflection; 
and yet the subject is so hackneyed, and so 
that it is almost impossible to write 
. iflng new. or interesting, on the theme. 
I once, when quite a youth, declined an in- 
fcion, from a very complimentary source, 
liver a "Fourth of July" oration, for sim- 
ilar reasons to those expressed above in re- 
Year performances of a literary 
character; anil I have, time and again, (in 
- life i declined the honor of reading the 
n of Independence,"' before an 
.on the Natal Day of the great Fie- 
i ic. 
It requires a very high order of talent to 
make a "Fourth of July," or "Sunday-school," 
sch. The closing of the old, and the open- 
ing of the New Year is the time, we are told, 
for the formation of new resolutions, the 
ibandonnient of evil habits, and entering up- 
on purposes of future reform. 

It is the time when men lay the old, filthy, 
smc. s imed, loud-smelling, tobacco-pipe 
back-log, with grim vows of abju- 
ration, in toio, for all coming time, of the 
-d." and in two weeks purchase a 
chaum, and a fresh bag of 
ham's unrivaled smoking- tobacco." It 
Line when the patient chewer of the 
lany long years of Winter's 
-. immer's sun, is suddenly seized 
with a nd, with a high and 

. intent. i tt stealthily, behind 

hen-house, and with an arm 
ghty resolve, hurls the half- 
ig— like the shot from a mountain 
/ -far out into the silent and desolate 
i patch I returning with light con- 

and virtuous breast into the purified 
lomee cle. But "alas! 

. the dawning light of i 

. crouch- 
• • be tall, bare weeds, creeping 
in diligent, an 
carded, but still precious, 

It is the time when the poor victim of the 
intoxicating bowl, roused to some sudden in- 
spiration of resolve, takes his farewell look at 
"the wine that is red in the cup" — renounces 
the far-famed "nectar of Gambrinus" — bids 
a long adieu to corn v whiskey, and, with mor- 
al heroism, determines to lay the axe at the 
very roots of the altar of Bacchus, "swears 
off'— signs the "teetotal" pledge, draws sober- 
ly his breath for the space of— a week, and 
then, in utter surprise at his own powers of 
self-denial, goes down town, and — drinks to 

It is the time when anti-tobacco fanatics 
and "teetotal" reformers, hygienic enthusiasts 
and one-idead people generally take off their 
coats, roll up their sleeves, dip their pens 
afresh for a renewed warfare upon the frail- 
ties and imperfections of their fellow-men. 

It is the grand time, ail around, of reform. 
It is the time Avhen everybody is "chuck full" 
of pious purposes, prudent resolves, and good 
advice. It is, in popular parlance, a general 
"boom." Everything is at fever heat. It is 
the season of "festivals" "revivals," and the 
"touch of nature that makes the world akin." 

It is the time "to get religion" — pay off old 
debts — buy new clothes, to wipe out old scores, 
to inaugurate a new order of things, and to 
start out with a clean slate. 

Under all these hopeful and inspiring feat- 
ures of the case, we would, naturally, be led 
to expect grand results; but little short of the 
ushering in of the millennial dawn. The lion 
would lie down to a peaceful nap alongside 
the tender and unsophisticated lamb. 

In this general moral upheaval of society 
our fellow- citizens generally — of "all sorts 
and conditions of men," — would naturally be 
expected to participate. The hard-fisted, 
griping, old miser, "whose old, decrepit, with- 
ered hand that palsy shook, grasping the yel- 
low earth to make it sure," suddenly relaxing 
his bowels of compassion — so long shut up — 
towards his suffering, impecunious fellow- 
man, the festive spendthrift, in the bright 
dawn of this glorious day, turning from the 
gay halls of riotous mirth, and "the soft, sweet 
music of the viol and the lute," and filled 
with peaceful dreams of a frugal home, would 
bid adieu forever to the broad fields, wherein 
he had sowed his large crop of "wild oats," 
and settle down to plow his father's corn and 
hoe his mother's beans. 

The liar, suddenly inculcated with the love 
of truth, would cease to labor in the vineyard 
of his father — the devil. The tattler — the 
the scandal-monger, "the busy-bodies in oth- 
er men's matters"— the thieves — the loafers — 
and other nuisances of society in general, 
would be banished to "parts unknown" — and 
"the places that now know them, would know 
them no more forever." 

A complete revolution might, also, be rea- 
sonably expected in the various legitimate 
branches of trade; questionable proceedings 
and practices banished from the entire com- 
munity under the irresistible influences of 
this mighty "tidal wave" of moral impulse. 

The butcher — "who weighs his hand along 
with the meat" — might be expected to give 
honest, God-fearing weight. 

The grocer would, naturally, "chip down" 
some on his freshi ?) mackerel, and sell as 
many good potatoes for a bushel as he got 
from the man who raised them. The shoe- 
maker would, by all means, sell less '•'split- 
leather" goods ( warranted to be full stock) 
and furnish shoe-strings that are some ac- 
count to his customers. 

The merchant would, of course, ( "by keep- 
ing two stores" ) still be enabled to sell us all 
goods "at 30 per cent below cost;" but we 
might reasonably hope that hi3 cotton goods 
would certainly be "all wool," as represented, 
and that his "fast" calicoes would withstand 
the hot sun for two weeks, and hold together 
through the second wash. 

Farmers might pay their doctor bills, in 
something more serviceable than soft corn or 
mouldy hay, and "thewizzard oil"' man might 
tell us fewer lies, and charge less for his "res- 
urrection grease." 

We might hope that a decided change 
might occur even in the church. A better at- 
tendance on the services of God's house; 
more devotion to the cause of Christ; less 
fault-finding generally; a greater desire for 
the peace of Israel; greater and more "un- 
feigned love of the brethren;" more charity; 
morejneekness, gentleness, and forbearance; 
less work of the tale-bearer and the mischief- 
maker, — these would be the inevitable fruits 
of the Spirit that would crop out from a- gen- 
uine reform on the part of God's people. We 
might expect more harmony in council — con- 
fidence and love among brethren, unity of 
sentiment and oneness of purpose, and as a 
result, under God, the general prosperity of 

But let us not expect too much of imper- 
fect and fallible man! If all these high pur- 
poses, these noble aims, these generous im- 
pulses, and high resolves fall far short of ful- 
fillment; if yet a small per cent of these gold- 
en visions be realized, it will only accord with 
the past experience of the human race. 

He that made man, and knew infinitely 
well the weakness, and frailty of the creature 
of His hands, said to the boastful Peter, "be- 
fore the cock crow, thou shaft 'deny me thrice!"' 

The work of reformation is not the result 
of a sudden outburst of moral impulse. It is 
not an instantaneous translation from the 
depths of human degradation and sin, to the 
glittering heights of holiness, innocence, and 
peace. The moral nature of man is not sud- 
denly transformed from darkness to light by 
the mere volition of the human will. Nor 
is man able for this mighty work bv the mere 
exercise of his own power. It is the life 
work; and God, who decreed the end, also de- 
termined the means. 

We attain unto the stature of the perfect 
man in Christ Jesus, by a daily growth in 
grace, and the promise is, 'To them, who by 
patient continuance in well-doing, seek for 
glory, honor and immortality, eternal life." 

Have patience with all things, but chiefly 
with yourself. Do not lose courage by con- 
sidering your own imperfections, but instant- 
ly set about remedying them; every day be- 
gin the task anew. 




As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far 

From Daleville, Va.— Dec. 24. 

Dear Brethren :— 

We are having quite a pleasant time so 
far, with our Brethren in Virginia. Here at 
the Valley meeting-house in Botetourt Co., 
we have been laboring for the past two weeks 
and by the blessing of God, and the faithful 
work of the church here, sinners are induc- 
ed to leave the ranks of sin, and fall in line 
with this faithful body of workers. There 
•seems to be no let-up in the work in this 
country, so I cannot now tell when I will go 
home. I may still be addressed at Boanoke, 
Roanoke Co., Va. A. Hutchison. 

From Lebanon Church, Linn Co,, Ore.^ 
December IS. 

Dear Brethren : — 

We have just closed our second series 
of meetings in our new church-house. There 
were no ingatherings, but we trust there will 
be ere long. We believe there have been 
good and lasting impressions made upon the 
minds and hearts of some; which will (we 
hope), be the means of bringing many into 
the "fold." Our dear brother, Eld. M. M. 
Bashor comes to us once a month and holds 
forth the Word of Life with great earnest- 
ness and power. He is one of the best ex- 
horters on this coast, and is an instrument 
in God's hands, it seems to us, well calculat- 
ed to accomplish much good. But "the har- 
vest"' here is very great and the laborers are 
few, and we repeat in the language of Bro. 
Flory, "Souls are perishing. Come, oh, come 
to the rescue." The harvest is ready to be 
gathered in, but where are the laborers? We 
repeat, the command has gone forth, "Go, 
work while it is called to-day." Yes, come, 
not only to Washington Territory but out 
here, into Willamette Valley, where there are 
many starving souls crying for the Bread of 
Life. Not long since, Eld. J. S. Flory was 
with us, and preached the dedicatory sermOn 
in our new church-house; also continued a 
.series of meetings, until Thursday, delivering 
in all six discourses. Bro. Flory is an able 
speaker and spake with much zeal and power. 
We were much encouraged and built up in 
'that holy faith." Those meetings were 
soul-reviving; sorry that the brother left us 
so soon. B. N. Hardman. 

From Compton, Cal. 

Dear Brethren : — 

Leaving San Francisco in the evening, 
we came through Lathrop and that region of 
country after night, so that we can eay noth- 
ing concerning it. Around Merced and south 
of that point, there is some fine-appearing 
country, but mostly in large tracts, which is 
one great drawback to the prosperity of the 
State. Having had some fine rains, putting 
in grain is the order of the day. At one 
place we noticed four plows or seeders run- 
ning in one field, eight horses to each seeder. 

They plow, seed, and put in the grain as they 
go. We have seen machines here that cut, 
thresh and sack the grain as they go. 

We passed through a good deal of desert 
country; only now and then did we see any 
attractive country until we passed over flie 
Mojave Desert, when we came to some beau- 
tiful farm-lands; and then, passing over and 
through the San Fernando range of mount- 
ains — the last tunnel is about a mile in 
length — we enter the promised land of south- 
ern California, or, as it is called, Semi-Trop- 
ic California. 

A few miles further south, and we arrive 
at Los Angeles, nearly 500 miles from San 
Francisco. Wonder of wonders ! Who would 
have thought to see such a thriving city here! 
A city of nearly or quite 25,000 souls, and 
everything denotes a general and wonderful 
prosperity. Having enjoyed the climate for 
some days and taken drives through lanes of 
orange and lemon groves and seen the beau- 
ties of this perpetual Summer-land, we are 
no longer made to wonder why it is there is 
such a rush of people here and that real es- 
tate is doubling itself every year. 

If there is any place on earth where one 
may find a place and clime akin to Paradise, 
this must be it. Flowers everywhere, gar- 
dens in perpetual growth and verdure all the 
year round, and the evergreen trees festoon 
the borders of resident lots and orchards on 
every hand; but of all this more anon, when 
we have time and space to mention it more 

fully. . 

After spending a day in the city, we came 
to this place, twelve miles south of Los An- 
geles ; were met at the station by our good and 
kind friend, ' A. Mullendore, who took us to 
his home, where we were kindly received by 
sister Lavina Mullendore. Have had three 
meetings, and a more attentive people we 
never preached to. The Brethren have nev- 
er preached here before, but our dear sister 
has done some loud preaching by her meek 
and quiet spirit and her consistent life and 

What folly it is to say, isolated members 
cannot live out the self-denying principles of 
Christ while surrounded by a proud world 
and a sneering, popular, professed Christian 
people. "Christ within" is the one thing 
needful, and, no matter where His members 
are, they can live consistent with their call- 
ing. Our sister often prayed that the Lord 
would move some one to come here and 
preach the Gospel; her prayers have been 
answered and she is glad once more to asso- 
ciate with some of the like precious faith. 

From here we go to where a few other iso- 
lated members are and will labor in their 
neighborhood. Wife's health is good; we 
both are enjoying better health than usual. 

J. S. Flory. 

From Cenie JLonc'.— Dec. 23. 

Dear Brethren: — 

As I have been visiting in several 
churches in Iowa, I feel to submit a few 
thoughts for insertion in the Messenger. — 
The first church I visited was the Dry Creek, 

Linn Co., congregation; met with the breth- 
ren and sisters at their Communion services; 
can truly say it was a feast to my soul, long 
to be remembered. We believe there is no 
greater feast to the soul than to sit under the 
sound of the glorious Gospel of Jesus Christ. 

We visited some of the brethren and sis- 
ters at their homes, found them alive and 
zealous in the cause of Christ and his church. 
What a glorious cause it is to be engaged in! 
My mind is seriously impressed with the 
thought that life is a solemn reality, and that 
we should keep it before our minds, look 
back at the close of each day and ask our- 
selves, whether we have dedicated our lives 
as much to God as it was in our power to do. 

From Linn Co., we went to Waterloo; vis- 
ited among the members there until the time 
appointed for Bro. Quinter to commence a 
series of meetings. Met in the South Wa- 
terloo church day and' evening until the 16th 
of December. The Gospel was preached 
with power and in its primitive purity. We 
also visited many of the members in this con- 
gregation. All expressed themselves as be- 
ing built up, comforted, strengthened and en- 
couraged on their way Zionward. They have 
passed through severe trials, but feel now as 
the Apostle Paul prescribes for us, — to put 
on the whole armor, with which we may in- 
deed fight the Lords battles. Let us not 
feel like sinking in despair, or yielding the 
point; let us not give up, but take fresh cour- 
age and by the aid of our armor, we shall be 
able to withstand all. 

The next congregation we visited was in 
the city of Waterloo. The membership is 
not so large here, but the attention to the 
Word preached was very good. They had 
prayer-meetings in the afternoons from house 
to house, which we enjoyed very much. In 
all, our visit was a pleasant and profitable 
one to us, not soon to be forgotten. When 
alone in our meditative moments, we have 
many Scriptural sayings to muse upon that 
were so earnestly held up by our aged broth- 
er Quinter, in the many sermons we heard 
him so earnestly and powerfully preach. — 
May the Lord bless him and his labors, and 
at last save him in heaven. 

We were treated very kindly and courte- 
ously and felt at home among the members; 
were loth to leave the place. We can truly 
say, the church of our choice — the Brethren- 
has been a home to us. While we are on this 
earth, it seems the want of our nature to seek 
a home. Then let us be faithful and work 
for the building up of the cause of Christ on 
earth, that it may be our happy privilege to 
secure a home in heaven. 

Clarence, Iowa. * 

From the Sand Ilidge Church, O. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Sister Martha Lieb, while running 
across the floor to catch her little boy, who 
was falling from a chair, fell and broke her 
limb, just above the ankle, and she is not 
able to sit upon a chair yet, though she is 
"on the mend" slowly. She is a good, kind 
sister, and has our sympathies. 

J. A. Roberts. 



From James Evans, 

I am now -with B . . Samuel Oblinger, 

ille, Rice Co.. Minn. 1 held fif- 

. ar Gay lord, and six where 1 

am now. V g . attention. I 

q, Hardin Co., Iowa. I 

Maple River Junction. I expect 

on my return home to hold a series of meet- 

... wa and Rush River, Minnesota. 

Health good, and I feel encouraged to labor 

in th 

From Round Mountain, Ark. 

Se . last report we received §20 from 

S LverCreek church. Ogle Co., 111. Many 

ks for your liberality to the cause of 

in Arkansas. The little dock 

iraged when it is thus not forgot- 

loved ones many miles away. We 

'. a Sunday- school which is 

well attended. We have preaching twice each 

yer-meeting every Thursday night. 

ice against us here is subsiding 

reeling is taking its place. "We 

hope the Brethren will remember the church 

:uad Mountain. Marhall Ennis. 

From 3Ioliiean Church, O. 

o have been baptized since our last 
an aged sistei. the other an in- 
1 voung man. named Charles Shank, who 
obeyed the Gospel on the 11th of October, 
-ed his eyes upon the scenes of this 
world on the 21st, being nearly nineteen 
. s of age. Our Feast on the 20th of Oc- 
18 one long to be remembered; per- 
vond that period, when the angels 
will say that time shall be no more, we may 
•ecall to mind such seasons of refreshing; 
such way-marks to a happy eternity. Our 
brother. James Quinter, was with us, 
and we realized to some extent, at least what 
meet on the "other shore." At 
our council on the 8th inst, we had the pain- 
fal duty to perform, of dismissing two young 
men. Our Eld. L). N". Workman, has endear- 
ed himself to the Brethren here, in his labors 
of love and self-sacrifice. Bro. Quinter has 
we contemplate building anew 
>rship in the Summer of 1884 — 
1 a new house, but under existing 
would much rather not see 
on the old bite, 

E. M. McFadden. 

Another Meeting-House. 

sed a lot for §120; hauled 

and to-morrow and Tuesday, 

ax will be laid, if fill goes right. 

.'air way of getting a house, and 

it it. But we !.<■< d some 

churches. If the elders 

wou .:t this matter to the 

. . .■ clerks 
, .i it<: to me that with- 

ible as to 

• ould be ■•■'■yy ac- 


scattered over this county, and not a Breth- 
ren's meeting-house in it. We are building 
ours about the centre. We are getting a 
good deal of gratuitous work done by mem- 
bers fred others. It .will cost us about *600. 

Jacob Senseman. 
Independence, Kan. 

From Mastersonville, Lancaster Co., Pa.— 
December 21. 

Being from home since December lOfch, 
visiting the Brethren in this county and 
Lebanon county, has prevented me from 
getting up a list of subscribers for your valu- 
able paper. When 1 get home, I will send 
the list. Bro. Geo. Bucher, of Kleinfelders- 
ville, accompanied me last Monday to this 
place, where we have since been holding meet- 
ings in their large meeting-house just recent- 
ly built, with increasing numbers and interest. 
But Bro. Bucher had to leave for home this 
morning, and to-night closes my labors here. 
To-morrow I go to Union Deposit, expecting 
to remain till Monday, then go home, where 
we expect to commence a meeting the twenty- 
eighth and continue over the Holidays. 

J. D. Trostle. 

From Warm Springs, "Wyoming - , 

The Brethren are all well in this part 
of the country. This is a very healthy coun- 
try. We are ten miles from the Warm 
Springs; the water is too warm to bear one's 
hand in it for any length of time. This is a 
great stock section; stock lives all year on 
the nutritious grass that grows in abundance. 
There is plenty of game, elk, deer, mountain 
sheep, and antelope. We are not accom- 
plishing much spiritually, but are doing the 
best we can. We have meetings every two 
weeks. We have not traveled around much 
yet, but expect to in the Spring. Brethren 
desiring to enter the stock business, will find 
this a good country for that purpose. La- 
boring men here get from $30 to $50 per 
month, and plenty of work. Address as 
above. J. A. Yost. 

From Dunkirk, O.— Dec. 25. 

Bro. Hoover closed his meetings at our 
church last evening, with seven additions 
by baptism. Thus, in connection with the 
meeting in town, we have added to Eagle 
Creek congregation nine more precious souls. 
The church seems much revived, and a num- 
ber more penitents seem near the kingdom. 
Our meetings here, as generally else- 
where, closed too soon. Engagements else- 
where, took Bro. Hoover away just when he 
was reaping the bounteous harvest of his 
careful and earnest sowing. Eight to ten 
days' meeting is too short. As evangelists, 
we expect too much. A few days' meetings, 
and if no converts, we think of closing. And 
as the waters begin to be troubled, and as 
fch< pooi seekers begin to step in, to be heal- 
ed, the meetings close, and we wonder why 
no more come to the church. It would bo 
far more easy, and lessen the labor of our 
traveling evangelists if they would not make 

so many appointments, and remain longer at 
a place. After people are seriously put to 
thinking by a continuous effort, much more 
good could be done, and with much less la- 
bor upon the part of the minister. Our ex- 
perience has taught us that the introductory 
part of the meeting requires the hardest la- 
bor, and after the work is lighter, another ap- 
pointment crowds us away. A few years of 
such work will lay the stoutest of us on the 

Bro. Hoover acquitted himself nobly at 
our meetings, and declared the whole coun- 
sel of God, giving no uncertain sound, that 
all might understand. As a Gospel expo- 
nent he has few equals; his zeal for the cause 
is warm ; and for the success of Zion he is 
enthusiastic. He left here with the best 
wishes and benedictions of both members 
and those outside of our Fraternity. May 
the Lord bless him in his labors of love. 

S. T. Bossebman. 

From the Monticello Clmreli, Iml. 

Our. meetings closed Sunday night, De- 
cember 3rd, with four additions the last 
night; three young ladies of our neighbor- 
hood, and one young lamb of eleven years. — 
Many more are seriously considering the 
cost of delaying the offer of salvation: rnay 
the Lord help them to accept before it is too 
late. Saints were built up in the cause of 
Christ. We can say that Bro. W. B. Deeter 
is an able worker in the Master's cause; he 
holds forth the Gospel as taught by Jesus 
and his disciples, with such power that none 
can question what he says. On the night he 
closed, the young people of our neighborhood 
who appreciated his labors, as a token of re- 
spect, presented him with a copy of ''The 
Golden Dawn," as a Christmas gift. May 
the Lord bless him in his labors in other 
fields of God's vineyard is our prayer. 

J. A. Weaver. 

"Visit to Spring Rim, Fulton Co., ill. 

How pleasant it is to visit friends of 
like precious faith, as I realized upon my 
first visit to Spring Bun church, Fulton Co., 
Illinois, on the loth of December, 1SS3. I 
had quite an interview with old Bro. John 
Pool and jvife, who are about seventy-eight 
years of age, but strong in the faith. Their 
son, John Pool, the resident minister of the 
Spring Bun church, and sister Amanda, his 
wife, occupy quite a conspicuous place in the 
hearts of the people, who look upon them as 
their spiritual instructors. They have quite 
a prosperous Sunday-school that does not 
freeze out on those bleak prairies, at the ap- 
proach of Winter, superintended by Brother 
Henry Zuck, a deacon, whose family is a 
model of -Christian decorum. Had six meet- 
ings in their coimnodious meetingdiouse; the 
meetings were not ver.y well attended, per- 
haps on account of the cold weather. The 
members are scattered over a large territory, 
and it requires some exertion and self-denial 
to get together when the weather is inclem- 
ent. Any efficient minister would be wel- 
comed here, either upon a visit, or to move 



among them. This is a good country, and a 
good little church, which would hail with 
joy the coming minister. Address John 
Pool, Avon, Fulton Co., 111. 

Thos. D. Lyon. 

District Meetinj 

The District Meeting of Michigan will be 
held in the Black River church, Van Bur en 
County, on Saturday, the 16th of February, 
at the house of D. C. Spillers, about one and 
three-fourths miles noith-west of Bangor. — 
Brethren "will come on the Chicago & West 
Michigan R. R. ; trains arrive from the South 
at Bangor, 1: 37 P. M., from the North, at 
12: 30 P. M. Brethren will be met with 
conveyance on Friday, the 15th. Meeting to 
commence at 10 o'clock. 

A. B. Walltck. 

From Flora, Carroll Co., Ind.— Dec. 20. 

The Brethren of the Bachelor's Run 
church, are still trying to move along as well 
as we can. We occasionally meet with re- 
verses, but that does not seem to discourage 
us. Br'n J. W. Metzger and David Neff 
came to us sometime ago and preached with 
power. Although there were no additions to 
the church, yet the members were very much 
built up. There were some almost persuad- 
ed to join in with the people of God, but 
concluded to wait for a more convenient sea- 
son. May God help them to come before it 
is too late. Bro. Hiel Hamilton expects to 
move into our church in the near future. 
Abraham Clingenpeel. 

A Good Deed Remembered. 

Enclosed find one dollar, for which I de- 
sire to renew 1 he paper as a gift to Mr. * * * 
**'*■* * of Chapel Hill, Allen Co., Ky., 
for his special kind attention to me during 
the Fall and Winter of 1862. ' Just before 
the battle of Stone River, or Murfreesboro, 
Tenn., while on that famous march under 
Buel, through Kentucky, I became unable 
to longer be of service, and was, for want of 
ambulance, left by the wayside, as I thought, 
to die. The snow was flying; I had no shel- 
ter but the heavens and the care of God. — 
This clear family took me in, and cared for 
me as tenderly as a father and mother could, 
and by their kind care, and the assistance of 
a physician ' whom they procured, I feel 
confident my life was prolonged. 

W. G. Cook. 

Tlie Balm of Gilead. 

A few' days ago I was again dispatched 
for, to visit a sick neighbor some distance 
from town. Repairing to that quiet home, I 
found the patient not only sick in body, but 
also sin- sick, and very anxious to have the 
heavenly balm from the all-healing Physici- 
an, applied to his soul. This poor man is 
suffering from that dreaded disease, consump- 
tion, and now by proper reflection and love 
for his Maker, demanded baptism at our 
hands. Suffering yet, as I am from my at- 

tack a few weeks ago, I could not comply, 
but made arrangements with my co-laborers 
to come next day and attend to his wants, 
upon which time he was received; and, taken 
from his sick couch, was hauled a short dis- 
tance to the stream and Avas buried with 
Christ by baptism. Sick and feeble as he 
was, he endured the work well, and rejoiced 
greatly after his return to his home. He re- 
marked frequently, "How glad I am, now I 
know there is a reality in the religion of 
Christ; Bro. Sammy, you often told me so, 
but now I know it." Glory be to God for 
that balm of Gilead which Christ adminis- 
ters, how it soothes the troubled hearts, and 
makes us forget our aches and pains, looking 
forward to that home where none ever are 
sick, and where sorrow is unknown. 

S. T. Bosserman. 

Money Report. 

The following amounts have been re- 
ceived for the Round Mountain house, since 
last report: 
Jacob P. Vaniman, Olathe, Kan. . . .$ 2 00 

J. B. Priser, Parkerton, Ind 1 00 

H. M. Crose, Montrose, la 1 00 

Lydia Lutz, Winslow, 111., and Wad- 
dam's Grove ch'h, 111 .. . ... 11 65 

John Neher, Virden, 111., and Pleasant 

Hill ch'h, Macoupin Co., Ill 7 00 

J. G. Martin, Reidenback's Store, 

Lancaster Co., Pa 1 00 

Wm. Clark, Gaynor City, Mo 2 00 

E. H. Sfcouii'er, Garrison, Benton Co., 

la 1 00 

Susan Metzger, Mulberry, Clinton Co., 

Ind 1 00 

E. Ebersole, Dwight, Putnam Co., Ind 1 00 
Miss Rosenberger, Dwight, Putnam 

Co., Ind 1 00 

Abraham Toms, Louisa Co., la 5 00 

David Cripe, 
Maguire's Store, Washington Co., Ark. 


In Gospel Messenger, No. 48, p. 319, un- 
der Chippewa news, please correct the fol- 
lowing mistakes through your paper. In- 
stead of Seasure meeting-house, say Leisure 
meeting-house; instead of David Brubaker, 
say Daniel Brubaker; instead of Simon 
Grims, say Simon Griner; and instead of 
Solomon Smith, say Solomon King. 

Isabel Irvin. 

We take occasion here to state, that cor- 
respondents should use special care when 
writing names. We receive scores of letters 
and communications containing names that 
we could not possibly decipher if some one 
in the office did not happen to know of the 
parties mentioned. It is astonishing how 
careless people are about writing names. — 
Many of the names in our correspondence 
have to be guessed at by our compositors and 
proof-reader, and occasionally they miss the 
mark. Sometimes we have to show letters 
to all the hands in the office, in order to see 
if some one cannot decipher a name or two ' 

in it. The letter goes to the foreman, the 
editor, the business manager, the mailing 
clerk, etc. All this requires time, and a 
good deal of patience, yet we do it to insure 
accuracy. We do not mean to complain, nor 
to censure the unlearned, for the educated 
are equally as careless in this respect. All 
newspapers have much the same difficulty. — 
And now for the good of all, permit us to 
suggest that you write very slowly when you 
write a name of any person or place. It will 
save the printers much time, and you no 
small amount of disappointment. J. H. m. 

From the Camden Church, Ind.— Dec. 2i>. 

Bro. Samuel Neher came to the Pleasant 
Dale School-house, in the bounds of theCani- 
den Church, and held a series of meetings. 
Yesterday three were baptized as a result 
of the meeting. One was from the Baptists, 
and the other two, I think, from the United 
Brethren, at least one was. The members 
were greatly admonished and encouraged. 

Wm. Myers. 

Montpelier, Ind. 

From Rive«-, Ind, 

Our Love-feast was held on Christmas. 
The people commenced assembling at A.M. 
Some came as late as 10 o'clock. The morn- 
ing theme was the birth of Christ. 
Quite a large congregation was present. The 
evening exercises commenced at 1: 30, — first, 
the examination,- and then the other parts of 
the services. We were disappointed in help 
from abroad till the Feast; then Bro. South- 
wood came to us, and is still preaching. 

Later. — Our meeting closed with three ad- 
ditions by baptism. Plenty of snow; twenty 
degrees below zero. 

Samuel Murray. 

Jan. 2, 1881. 

From Olathe, Kansas. 

The church here is still increasing in 
numbers. Members are being received by 
baptism and letter. We expect to hold two 
series of meetings this Winter; one neat" 
Olathe ; the other in the south-western part of 
our congregation. We now number over sixty 
members. Dec. 8th, Bro. M. E. Brubaker 
and I commenced laboring in the east end 
of the Ozawkie Church, in Jefferson Co., and 
continued till the evening of the 16th. 
Good interest, with fair prospects during the 
meeting. Two men were received by con- 
fession and baptism, and bid fair to become 
shining lights in. tliG church. Bro. A. L. Bow- 
man is the only minister in that part of the 
country, and has a large field in which to la- 
bor. He has a loving band of twenty-five 
members living in a good farming and stock 
country. We call the attention of some of 
our eastern ministers to this field, where 
brethren sound in the faith, may do much 
good. Address A. L. Bowman, McLouth, 
Kansas. Isaac Crist. 

There is not a drop of water for such a 
Dives in hell who has not a crumb of bread 
for a poor, distressed Lazarus upon earth. 


From (.'rook Church, IV Kail) 
Co%, Iml. 

i: — 
'. H. Els ield Centre, 

ma, and Jeremiah Gump, of Ari s Indi- 
ana, - - of the 23rd 

meetings. — 

. with us all the time 

on in hi? family. The 

of life i .'. our to us clearly. — 

The December 2nd. The at- 

i; the church 
g : lied every evening. Good attention 

rdef through 

all the m . - We felt sorry to close our 

.1 we believe that many good 

and lasting impressions were made, but no 

was . willing to make the start in the 

. e r. Much good seed 

-. which, we hope, 

... in the great harvest, not 

ienee. Henry Steckly. 

! 1 

From Dunkirk, O.— Dee. 17. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Our. meetings in Dunkirk chapel closed 

- night with very good interest. Two 

prec: nls were baptized. Bro. Hoover 

is an efficient worker in the Master's cause, 

and, by his power of speech, and convincing 

J Gospel truth, won unto him atten- 

congregations. His arguments were 

. and pointed, and why the unconverted 

ould resist and allow the meeting to close 

jut givirig their hearts to Jesus, seems 

a question hard to answer. The seed is sown; 

nd the increase, and we hope yet 

to build up a large society of members in 

Bro. Hoover now goes to our old 

home church, (Eagle Creek, Hancock Co., 

for his next field of labor, and we 

-. on to report the good news of more 

- era turning to God. 


• the Howard Church, Howard Co., 
Jnd.— Dec. 11. 

with the Old Order element and a few with 
the Progressives, but a very good and zeal- 
ous membership still remains loyal to the 
Brotherhood. The Howard church seems to 
have the ascendency in church work, and the 
good will of the people in general, and we 
think that the dark clouds that hung over, 
and cast their shadows on this church, are 
fast dispersing, and that a higher day is as 
fast approaching. 

This church is under the care of Elders 
Hiel Hamilton, Samuel Book, and Daniel 
Bock, assisted by Bro. John Brubaker, a 
promising young minister, and an efficient 
corps of deacons. May the rich blessings of 
God attend the Howard church, collectively 
and individually, for all of their zeal, charity 
and brothorly kindness extended to an un- 
worthy servant. . L. W. Teeter. 

Dear Brethren. — 

t of the members of the 

church. Howard Cx, Indiana, we 

. . of the 1st or 

tan church in the vi- 

ongregation had al- 

1. Had meeting next day, 

•: Brethren's church, and on 

;/ nights again at :he 

D church. We then returned to .he 

at nij'ht 

Tw. lve 

, and five 


o the Pro- 



of them 


■-,, as 
' gone 

From Tyrone, Wis, 

Dear Brethren : — 

The church here is moving on harmo- 
niously. I am alone in the ministry, and 
would like very much if some of the Breth- 
ren would give us a call, for we need some 
encouragement in Wisconsin, as well as oth- 
er places. Henry C. Baker. 

From Spring' Creek, Iowa. 

Dear Brethren:— 

Here is a little band of members, some 
distance from the main body of the church, 
— South Waterloo. We thought to have a 
Beast for the special benefit of the aged, and 
others who could not attend the regular 
Feast. Some of the members are quite old. 
By consent of our elder. E. K. Buechly, the 
Feast was held on the evening of December 
1st. It was a good Feast, and well attended. 
Bro. Wm. Ikenberry was the only minister 
present. He officiated in a very agreeable 
and instructive manner. The weather was 
fine and the order excellent. Had preaching 
next day in the morning, and also in the 
evening. The house was well filled. 

M. H. Smith. 

Grlad Tidings. 

Dear Brethren: — 

I am happy to inform you that there is 
a general effort being made in North-western 
Missouri to advance the Redeemer's King- 
dom. The season, so far, has been remarka- 
bly favorable for protracted efforts, and, 
while these efforts have not resulted in as 
many confessions as is desirable, yet we 
thank God for the joy it affords us, to see 
some added to the number of the faithful, 
and the members take fresh courage. On 
the first Lord's day of this month, Elder W. 
B. Sell, and W. H. Clark commenced a meet- 
ing at the Trego schoohhouse, and continued 
until the evening of the 12th inst. The im- 
mediate result was, Bro. Sell led four peni- 
believers into the waters of White Cloud, 

baptized them. At this time, I am at 

Quitman, Missouri, where I propose to con- 

■ a meeting for several weeks. This is 

the home of Bro. H. F. Olds and son, who 
are anxious that their neighbors hear a de- 
fense of the things believed among us. 

Barnard, Mo., Dec. 18. 


Dear Brethren: — 

The Brethren of Wabash, Wabash Co., 
Indiana, wish me to state through the Gos- 
pel Messenger, that they now have the 
privilege of a house to worship in, and de- 
sire speakers when passing through, to stop 
off a nd hold meetings for them, with a view 
of organizing a church in the near future, 
and finally build a house for worship. I 
wish to say to the brethren that I have visit- 
ed quite a number of the Brethren in and 
around Wabash, and find them earnestly 
working for these results. When you stop 
at Wabash, inquire of the ticket agent at the 
depot, for the Brethren. B. A. Hadstll. 

From South Bend, Iml.— Dee. 1<>. 

Dear Brethren:— 

On: much esteemed brethren, C. H. 
Burns, and I. N. Miller, came to us on the 
first day of December, and began meeting 
in our church-house, known as the Cilery 
church, and continued the meetings for one 
week, till Sunday, the 9th. We had a feast 
of good things, for the brethren preached 
with power, and the stronghold of the enemy 
was made to tremble. Many were made to 
feel the need of a Savior's love, but said, "Go 
away for this time; at a more convenient sea- 
son I will call for thee." Our church dis- 
trict is known as the St. Joseph Valley 
church. D. P. Miller. 

From Blue Bi&g-e Church, Piatt Co., 111. 

Dear Brethren: — 

December 8th, we were made glad by 
the coming of Bro. M. Stauffer, of Cerro Gor- 
do, who labored for us in the Gospel, preach- 
ing to large and attentive congregations. — 
We were sorry that he could not remain 
longer, as there seemed to be a growing in- 
terest, the house being filled to its utmost 
capacity. If not out of place, we want to say 
a word for the benefit of our church and 
country, as there seems to be considerable 
changing of locations among our Brethren. 
Do not pass us by, but come over into Mace- 
donia and help us to build up a church.— 
We now have a new church-house, and a 
membership of about forty. We think that 
we have just as good a country as can be 
found in Illinois, so far as soil is concerned. 
The improvements are not so good as at some 
other places; land averaging about >'Io per 
acre. There are farms near the church that 
can be bought. We will be glad to give any 
of the brethren all the information desired, 
'by addressing us at Mansfield, Illinois. — 
Our ministering brethren when passing 
through Mansfield, either over the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pa., or Indianapolis, Blooni- 
ington, & Western B, B., will please - 



and give us a few meetings; would be glad 
to meet you at any time. C. Barnhart. 

From W. B. Sell. 

Dear Brethren : — 

I have just returned from the White 
Cloud congregation, Nodaway Co., Missouri, 
where we held eleven meetings and baptized 
four. This congregation is under the care 
and oversight of Eld. 8. A. Honberge 1 ', as- 
sisted by George A. Shamberger. Bro. Wm. 
H. Clark was with me part of the time. The 
four that were baptized are two young breth- 
ren, and two young sisters, one is a daughter 
of Elder Honbergcr. When I left home, I 
thought of staying four days,"but when I ar- 
rived among the brethren, I found that their 
intended help did not come, so I was prevail- 
ed upon to remain eleven days. When I re- 
turned I found my family well, for which I 
cannot sufficiently praise a,nd bless the good 

Gaynor City, Mo., Dec. 14, 'S3. 

From Beaver Creek, M<1.— Dee. 10. 

Dear Brethren:— 

The Brethren oTFrederick City, Md., 
held their Love-feast on the 15th of last 
month, with about sixty communicants; 
it was witnessed by a large concourse of 
people, prompted, no doubt, through curiosi- 
ty, to attend the worship of God, in a man- 
ner so uncommon to them. We had truly a 
good and profitable meeting. The meeting 
was blest with the best of order. Arrange- 
ments had been made to continue the meet- 
ings for several days. Bro. Ephraim Stoner 
and the writer remained. We were made to 
feel that it was good for us all to be there. — 
Home duties pressed upon us, hence we clos- 
ed the meetings. 

A very sad incident occurred in our midst, 
a few days ago, in the death of sister Fran- 
cis, beloved companion of friend Samuel 
Mumma, and daughter of Bro. Jacob Reich- 
ard. She left a kind husband, and eight 
children, including an infant a few days old. 
For the encouragement of the editors of the 
Messenger, I wish to say that your paper 
is everywhere spoken of in the highest terms, 
and it is truly worthy of crossing the thresh- 
old of every house in the land. The spirit- 
ual health of Beaver Creek church is reason- 
ably good at present, and the members unit- 
ed in purpose, and labor for Zion, the church 
of the living God. D. F. Stouffer. 

From Panther Creek, la. 

Dear Brethren: — 

One united with the church here, No- 
vember 25 th. Bro. Washington Wyland 
commenced a series of meetings with us, De- 
cember 9th. On the same day two more 
were made willing to come out on the Lord's 
side, and were baptized. Two of the number 
were our own children. There are two more 
applicants for baptism. We hope many 
more are counting the cost, and will come 
soon. Bro. Wyland did a good work among 

us, giving us many admonitions and warn- 
ings. Charlotte A. Welch. 

From Vanclevesville, W. Va- Dee. 21. 

Dear Brethren: — 

We closed an interesting series of 
meetings last night. Bro. W. A. Gaunt came 
to our congregation December 5th, and 
preached at Johnstovm, until the 14th. Four 
were received by baptism, and one reclaimed. 
Bro. Gaunt then came to Vanclevesville 
meeting-house, and preached until last night. 
No additions at this place, but good impres- 
sions were made, and the church much en- 
couraged. God bless the brother for his la- 
bors. J. A. Bricker. 

From Pigeon Creek, III. 

Dear Brethren: — 

Our series of meetings commenced 
December 1st, and closed the 11th. Bro. D. 
B. Gibsou, of Cerro Gordo, preached four- 
teen sermons, Bro. G. W. Gish, of Woodford, 
one, and Eld. J. R. Gish, who had taken 
much interest in the building of our meet- 
ing-house, was present most of the time, and 
helping with his usual zeal to work up the 
interest of the meetings, in private conversa- 
tion. He also preached two sermons. All 
the meetings w r ere largely attended, and the 
best of attention given to the Word preach- 
ed. The preaching was doctrinal, and re- 
sulted in convincing and bringing into the 
church some from the United Brethren, such 
as had no previous idea of uniting with 
us. Seven confessed and were baptized; five, 
brethren and Wo sisters. Others say they 
are convinced and will unite with the church 
in the near future. 

Since our last money report we have re- 
ceived the following: 
E. P. Livengood, Milled geville, 111.. .% 8 25 

W. N. Clemmer, Lanark, 111 2 25 

J. L. Zigler, Rock Creek, 111. ....... . 13 00 

David Vaniman, Building Fund of 

Southern 111. 35 50 

David Vaniman, Pleasant Hill ch'h, 111 7 50 

We thank the Brethren for their donations, 
but we are still in debt on the house $200. — 
We were unfortunate in having to dig the 
second well, in order to get water, adding 
greatly to expenses. C. S. Holsinger. 

From Johnstown, Pa. 

Dear Brethren : — 

Bro. J. M." Mohler began a series of 
meetings in the Johnstown congregation of 
the Brethren, Cambria Co., Pa., on the 23rd 
of November, and continued for three weeks, 
part of the time in each of two sections call- 
ed Yader Hill and Benchoff Hill. These 
meetings were attended with much interest 
by the Brethren and their neighbors. The 
immediate results were fourteen additions 
by baptism, and three reclaimed, and the 
membership much revived and encouraged. 
During the early part of these meetings; a 
special council-meeting occurred, according 
to previous arrangements, at which time An- 

anias Myers and Solomon Dorer were chos- 
en to the ministry, and Abraham Fyock and 
Jacob Maneely to the deaconship. These 
young men are all active workers in the 
church, and are sound in the faith and doc- 
trine of our Lord Jesus Christ, as understood 
and taught by the General Brotherhood, hav- 
ing been tried during the fierce conflict that 
has lately been waged by the chiefest ene- 
mies to our beloved Zion. Their labors are 
much needed. There are two or more sec- 
tions in other parts of this congregation that 
are preparing for a similar series of meet- 
ings. Bro. Mohler left this field on the 13th 
inst., for Germantov/n, Pa. 

Geo. Hanawalt. 

District Meeting. 

The District Meeting of the Middle Dis- 
trict of Indiana will be held at the Spring 
Creek meeting-house, Kosciusco Co., Ind., 
Feb. 13, 1881, one mile north of Kinzie, on 
the Nickel Plate B. B. Brethren will stop 
off at Kinzie, and at Sidney, three miles 
south-west of the meeting-house, on the same 
road. Trains coming from the West are due 
at Kinzie at 12: 08 P. M.; coming from the 
East at 3: 15 P. M. Brethren coming on the 
Pittsburg road, will stop off at Pierceton, 
seven miles north of meeting-house. Those 
coming on the Eel River road will stop off at 
Colamer, or change at North Manchester and 
run to Clay Pool and come on the Nickel 
Plate R. R. Robert Ross. 

From David Grower. 

When I last wrote, Nov. 5, I was at Bro. A. 
E. Troyer's, Vernon, Garfield Co., Wash. T'y. 
On the 7th, Eld. J. S. Flory and wife, left 
again, going to Salem and Lebanon churches, 
in Willamette Valley, Oregon. I then contin- 
ued meetings in different counties as follows: 
In Pataha Flat, two meetings; at the S. H. 
near Bro. A. E. Troyer's, three meetings; at 
Peola S. H., one meeting; all in Garfield Co. 
I went to Assotin Co., and held three meet- 
ings near Theon, and four meetings near 
Lake. This is where we held a few meetings 
and a Feast last Summer with six additions. 
I found the members strong in the faith, and 
glad to see me again. I then held six meet- 
ings in Columbia county, and then went to 
Walla Walla city. Thence to Spokane Falls, 
Spokan Co., where I held one meeting in the 
M..E. church. I then held six meetings among 
the Huffman brethren on Hangman Creek, in 
Waverly S. H; also three in the Alpha S. H, 
making, in all, twenty-nine meetings since 
Nov. 7th, or forty-one since I left home. 
Quite an interest was manifested at some of 
the meetings, especially those on Haugtnan 
Creek. To-night I am in Cheney at the resi- 
dence of Bro. David Keefer; Bro. J. S. Bosler, 
of Medical Lake, is here to convey me over to 
his place to hold some meetings. I am enjoy- 
ing good health and have met with very kind 
reception. Found the Brethren generally 
in good health and union. I expect to reach 
home the last of December. 

December 21. 




!- Jitnmttl ha 


1/7 i!i;>>:t .lt-<lt- 

^ ■- 

. Hook ! '• -Is many things of 

-/KJISdfi. '•' Full I'f 

on im- 


at Hutu. nt work for 


i ktirtl'* H 



orfc for 
... Price S 



(■.ermttu n rlisA Testaut* 


. BTenrens— By Thomas Dick. An 

■:' the firma- 

J <.i><" •/- Screw r« t;:idi'rs — By J. L. 
. - e ut work on the Ksvela- 

f.';i Trine Immersion — By Bro. Moo- 
aaw. T. ts .- subject in an acceptable 
1 jucts. 

Critden's t'oncoBHlance — A very corn- 
work. Price, library sheep, §2.25; 
in;; ■ 

f ni rersalism Against Itself — -By 

.--: works against Uni- 

Ancient Christianity Exemplified— 

A ing work of the 

• . _ Price. >-. 

sou and Herniation— By R. Milli- 
of every Bi- 


acts — Something nice for 

its each: 12 for '30 

Biblt h'-r B; D. F. Eby. — 

jxi-~ tor Sunday-* jhools- Board 

■ -" - : .-.Oil. 

f moil Bible Bictiona ry — Gives an ac- 
curate account uf every place and. person 
:.i the Bible. Price, $1.50. 

obeli and Owen's Bebatc — Con- 
raiai gation of the evi- 


History of Danish Mission— By M. M. 

veia complete account of 

re-nee and Pronouncing Testa- 

it. Invaluable to bund;,- -school teach- 
is. Price. $1 

Brown's Pocket Concordance — This 

ble. low-priced work, and 
Tr. for rt f Price,5Ucts. 

Communion — By Landon West. 
- ■ ■'. . r. Price 1 cts. 

hatic DiugU he ori- 

n-ary word- 
One ; 


>• History oftheBeforma- 


$6 " 

Kv; m 
aud duibtion of 

' H and PureelV :>■■. te- On 

. that subject. I 

trice, 100 

I ii •: -. compreJiens- 


u.H in 

■ - \\ <i«l<i»fi- C Thi« 


ical Antiquities -By John Nevin.— 
Gives r ecu. is- sec unt ol KiWetiirt-s nd 
on s: invaluable to aU students of Bible 
subjects Price, ?i.5t). 

Trine Immersion Traced to the 

Apostles, i s J 11. ■ pore. An excellent 
Leal treatise on the subject.— 
Price l5ots: 8 copies, sj.i 0, 

The Christian System — Py Alexander 
i pbell. A. Rood worn on the union of 
>ii.-uis and the restoration of primitive 
Christianity. Price si 5 I. 

Perfect Plan of Salvation; or Safe 

Ground. By J. H. Moore. Shows that the 
Bi : ren'a pi sition is infallibly safe. — 
Price, ni, is: 12 copies $1.00. 

Cam I'beliism weighed in the Balance 
I Foui d Wanting. A clear and logical 
treatment of the subject. By i 11. Moore. 
Price, 2 copies lOcts ; B copies 25cts. 

Family Bible— This isafine, and very com- 
plete work. New and old version side by 
side con '.ordance and everything usually 
found in ,; iblos of the kind. Price only 
i i 25. |^*Sent by express only. 

Sabhatistn— By M. M. Eshelman. 'fronts 
tl e Sabbath question, showing that (he 
first day of the week is the day for assi m- 
bling in worship. Price lOcts: 10 copies, 

Barnes Xotes— On the New Testament.-- 

11 vol's: cloth 16.50 

Barnes' Notes on the Psalms, 8 vols., 

the set 4 50 

Barnes' Notes on Daniel. 1 vol 1 50 

Barnes' Notes on Isaiah, 2 vols, the 

-' t 3 00 

Barnes' Notes on Job, 2 vols, the set. 3 CO 

ESP" Any of the above works sent post- 
paid on receipt of the price. 

Xew Tune and Hymn Books— 

Half Leather, single copy, post-paid $ 1 00 

Per dozen, by express 10 00 

Morocco, single copy, post-paid 125 

Per dozen, by express 12 00 

Morocco, gilt edge, per copy 150 

Hymn Books, (English)— 

Morocco, single copy, post-paid $ 90 

Per dozen, post-paid 9 50 

Per dozen, by express 9 00 

Morocco, Gilt Edge, post-paid 1 10 

Per dozen, post-paid 11 75 

Per dozen, by express 11 25 

Arabesque, single copy, post-paid... 65 

Per dozen, post-paid 6 SO 

Per dozen, by express 6 30 

Sheep, single copy, post-paid 65 

Per dozen, post-paid 6 80 

Per dozen, by express (' SO 

Tuck, single copy, post-paid 100 

Per dozen, post-paid 10 00 

Per dozen, by express 9 Kn 

Fine Limp, post-paid 1 fn 

Per d»zen post-paid 10 00 

Fine Limp, single copy, Gilt edge, 

post-paid 1 20 

Fine Limp, Gilt edge, per dozen, ... . 13 00 

Hymn Books, ( Crertna it)— 

Arabesque, single copy, post-paid 45 

Per dozen, by mail 4 80 

IBS'" Acid rpss Brethren's Publishing Co 

Bates— Per Inch each Insertion : 

One time or more $1 50 

One month (4 times) . . 1 30 

Three months (12 times) 1 20 

Six months (25 times) 1 00 

One year (50 times) 70 

No advertisement accepted for less than 1 00 

Certificates cf Membership 

This is undoubtedly the most convenient 
I as the neatest blank-book for the pnr- 
ever issued. Every congregation should 
one. aud will then be enabled to keep - 
correct record of every certificate issued, on 
ub which permanent]! remains in the 
book. Price per book, bound substantially, 
5l>cts, post-paid. Address Brethren's Pub- 
lishing ' o 

Just Whatjou Need! 

For the convenience of our patrons and 

! re now offer to send post-paid, 100 

of paper, bound in nice pads, in beau ti 

I .!. igned covers, with blotter on ihe in- 

Ihe following prices per pad of 100 



lupei ' ii" SOcts 

' earn Laid, Superfine 35cts 


13, White, Superfine Laid 40cte 

flediu ni Thicl 
' andQ h ttei ine 


No. • cial Note, to be foldi d 
fine ' 

and will give 
ipad and try it. 
nui ibei 


EcoDomic PpdcH Tablets. 

Tho bed, in quality for the price Send for 
a sample lot which we send post-paid for 25 
cents. Address Brethren's Publishing Co. 

pprwriiTd i 

The Brethren's Publishing Co., is prepared 
to do lirst-class job printing. We can prim 
anything you may want, from an enve'ope to 
a largo, well-bound volume. Pamphlets, en- 
velopes, letter heads, note heads, statements 
and business cards mado a specialty. ■ Send to 
us for terms before going elsewhere. Address 
Brethren's Publishing Co. 

e » c 8- i i 1 i 1 


A New .Lot Just Reads*. 

These envelopes have a summary of the 
fundamental principles of the chuich neatly 
printed on the back. They can go as silent 
missionaries and do effective work in locali- 
ties whore our doctrine is not known. Price, 
15cts per package of 25; 40c ts per 100. Address 
Brethren's Publishing Co. * 

One of the 31 any Letters Re- 
ceived by Us. 

Burlington, Mineral Co., W. Ya., / 
Nov. 28, 1883. 
Dlt. D. FAHRNEY & SON:— 

Deab Sirs: — After having used your medi- 
cines in our family for the last eight months. 
I am fully convinced that they are excellent 
remedies. The Health Hestorer, /*««.';•- 
less l;in intent. and.Com nou i;?f Syrup 
of IVild Cherry suouid he kept on hand 
by every family in the land, and where there 
are small children. I consider the Teething 
Syruy a specific It has done all that you 
promised : it gives rest to mothers and sleep 
to the babes. 1 shall ever take pleasure in 
recommending your medicines to suffering 
humanity. With kindest regards. 
I Am v ours, 

50tx ELD. D. B. ARNOLD. 

Is an herb that grows in the Rocky Moun- 
tain regions. It is the great Indian re medy 
for Coughs, Colds, Asthma, Consumption, 
Dyspeps'a. Sick Hesdache. Liver Disease, 
Heart Disease, (ieneral Debility. Female Com- 
plaints, etc, etc , and for Fever and Ague a 
most valuable remedy. Put up for sale in its 
natural state. 2,000 agents selling it; more 
wanted, to whom silver-plated ware will be 
given as premiums. 

£S^~To persons unacquainted with this val- 
uable herb, 1 will send a sample package, full 
size post-paid, on receipt of six cents in 

The Bip'itheria Cure is a sure remedy 
against the ravages of Dirhtheria. 
proof, inquire of Eld. Jacob Hauger, of Mil- 
ledgeville, 111. 

If you want relief from Catarrh, use the 
Eureka Catarrh JZemeiltj. Either of 
the above remedies sent post-paid on receipt 
of 25 cents. Stamps taken. Send for circu- 
lars. Address, S. S. Floey, 

41tn6 Hyeiene, Colo. 

P. O. order ofTice. Loncmont. Colo. 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Huntingdon and Broad Top Moxvntain R. 
R. on Monday, May 14th, 1883. 


Mail Exp'ss STATIONS. Exp'ss Mail 

P. M. A. M. P. M. P. M 

6 05 • 8 85 .. .Huntingdon.. . 5 55 12 40 

6 15 8 50 McConnellstown 5 40 12 30 

6 22 8 55 .... Grafton 5 35 12 25 

6 85 OOH . .Marklesburg .. 5 25 12 11 

6 43 9 15 ... Coffee Bun .:. 5 15 12 (\% 

6 50 9 21 Rough and Heady 5 00 11 f 7 
(J 57 29 Cove 5 01 11 50 

7 00 9 38 Fisher's Summit 4 58 11 45 

7 10 9 41 Saxton 4 48 U 35 

7 25 9 55 ...Riddlesburg... 4 35 1120 

7 80 10 00 Hopewell... * 29 1151 

7 40 10 10 ...Piper's Run... 4 17 1105 

7 51 10 21 .... Tatesville ... 4 07 10 52 
3 02 10 30 Everett .... 3 58 10 13 

8 05 10 40 ....Bit. Dallas.... 8 55 10-10 

ft 25 11 00 Bedford 3 M 10 02 

10 GO 12 35 ..Cumberland... 155 8 15 

p. m. p. m. » M. A. K. 

CHA8. E. PUGH, Gen'l Pass. Ag't. 

Gon'I -Manager . 

Brethren's Alianic for K84. 

The Best yet hsned. Pric«. lCcts per copy; 

Young Disciple aud Voulli's Advance. 

A neatly printed illustrated weekly intended 
for children and .Sunday-school pur; 
Price only fifty cents per annum- It is so 
cheap that it should commend itself to every 
family, h' end for sample copies and Agents' 
outfit. Address Brethren's Publishing <». 

A Seven Colored Advertising 
CHKOBIO, reoresen ii '4 rfae 


in FULL BLOOM • een In 

:>. v. ill be '..:. '.I'D 
mounted and tarnish 

map, to any ones ending 
>(n Cent Stamps. 

Dr. Peter Fahrney, 
433 .Oaklej av, Oh\eSSO,U\, 

■ \ 


On Monday, June 5th, 1SS2, the following' 
schedule went into effect on the Pennsylvania 

Railroad : 


Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittsbgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 P. M 1 35 P. K. 

Mail 2 13 P. M 8 50 A.M. 

Fast Line 6 00 P. M 11 30 A.M. 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Phil'da . 

Johnstn Exd'ss, 9 00 A. M 5 05 P. M. 

Day Express.... 1 25 P. M ■ 7 35P.M. 

Mail 3 50 P. M. H'fog.. 7 30 P. M. 

Mail Express ....8 05P. M 2 55 A.M. 


Tee following schedule went into effect on 
the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Rail- 
way on May 27. 1883. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr. Chicago. 

Day Express — t. 57 A. M 

Mail Express...*! 22 P. M 6 " A. M 

Limited Exp'ss,*8 57 P. M 10 iO A. M. 

Fast Line §11 42 P. M 6 55 P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago, (city time) for 1 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chi Arr. Pittsb'gh, 

Day Express . . . -tS 40 A. M 6 12 A. M. 

Limited Exp'ss,*5 Ot P. M 8 57 A. M. 

MailExprese _ P.M.: 12 22 P.M. 

Fas-. Line *11 30 P. M 7 57 P. M. 

*Daily. tDaily ; except Sunday. §Daily. 
except Saturday. 



Is the Oldest, Best Constructed, Best Equip- 
ped and hence the Leading Railway to 
the West and North-West . 

It is the shortest and best route between 
Chicgo and aU points in Northern Illinois, 
Iowa. Dakota, Wyoming. Nebraska. Califor- 
nia, Oregon, Arizona, Utah. Colorado. Idaho, 
Montana, Nevada, and for Council Bluffs, 
Omaha, Denver. Leadviiie. Bait Lake. San 
Francisco, Deadwood. Sioux City. Cedar Rap- 
ids. Des Moines. Columbus and all points in 
the j .■.-!"■ ■■"' v:-!8s aad the Vie;!: Also for 'Mil- 
waukee Green Bay. Oshkosh, Sheboygan, 
Marquette, Fond du Lac. Watertown. Hough- 
ton. Neenah. Menasha. St. Paul, Minneat iis, 
Huron Volga, Fargo. Biemark. Winona. La 
Crosse. Owatoi na, a id all pi ints in Minnes- 
ota, Dakota Wisconsin and the Norths 

At Council the Bluffs Trams of the t'bieago 
and North-western and the C. P. K'ys depart 
from an^ arrive at the same Tnion Depot 

At Chicago close connections are made 
wilt the Lake Shore. Michigan Central. Bal- 
timore A Ohio. Ft. Wayne and PnnnsyU 
:«nd Chicago & CJrand Trunk R'ys. and the 
Kank ikee and Pa> Handle H< - - 
connection made at -t- ■■■*'■■ P ■- Itis 
the oniy line ruonins N< rth-W si jrn " 
Cars, West or North-west of Chicago. Fuil- 
man SIpm, ers on all Night Trs 

Insist upon Ticket Agents selling you tick- 
et* via this road Examine them and refuse 
to buy i' they do cot rend over the Chicago 
anil v i>r*li-K-estern Railway 

E^~If you wish the Kest Traveling a 
modntionp. you will buy your Tickets by this 
route, an'' will take none other 

All Ticket Agents sell Tickets hy this 
J. D. LAYNG. (Jen.Pass- Agt.. 

Gen. Sup't, Chicago. Chicago 

"Set for tlie Defense of the Gospel." 

Entered at the Post-OEHce at Mt. Morris, 111. 
as Second Class Matter. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 15, 1884. No. 3. 

Vol. 22, Old Series. 


H. B. BliUMBAUGH, Editor, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

If you want a good weekly paper for your 
children to read, send 50 cents, and get the 
Young Disciple a year. 

Beo. Noah Longanecker commenced a 
series of meetings in the Brick church, Stark 
Co., O., on Saturday, January 6th. 

Through neglect, on our part, many of our 
agents failed to get the usual "outfit," but 
they went to work all the same and sent us 
larger lists than before. 

Bro. Conrad Imler, of Fostoria, Pa., has 
removed, with his family, to the Eastern 
Shore of Maryland, at which place he expects 
to make his future home. 

The Brethren of the Spring Bun church, 
Pa., the Lord willing, will commence a series 
of meetings on Saturday evening, February 
2nd. A gerieral invitation for ministerial 
help is extended. 

Bro. S. N. McCann has again returned to 
the Normal and will continue his studies. — 
Since graduating in the Elementary course 
he has been traveling and preaching. His 
return is welcomed by all. 

On account of a short corn crop and the 
stopping of a large number of our manufac- 
turing companies, thus throwing men out of 
employment, the calls for free papers will be 
larger than usual. Don't forget the Poor 

Bro. Jacob Aldinger informs us that they 
are building a house for worship at York, 
Pa. We are glad to see that our brethren 
are seeing the necessity of building houses 
in our towns and cities, as but little can be 
done in such places without a place of our 
own in which to hold meetings. 

Sister M. R. Charles writes us, "I am 
well pleased with the Messenger. It brings 
many messages of love and kindness to me. 
I hope that your contributors will not ask 
you to publish personalities. I often feel 
sorry that any one professing Christianity 
will write bitter and scornful words, and hope 
we shall see none such during the New Year 
1884." We are f ally in accord with your 
sentiments and hope too, that'we shall not be 
asked to publish anything that will mar the 
Christian character of the Messenger, 

We have just received the sad intelligence 
of the death of Bro. P. M. Bare, of Mt. Un- 
ion; Pa. He died suddenly, of paralysis, on 
the 5th inst. He was formerly a student of 
the Normal, and to the bereaved ones, we 
unite in extending our sympathies. 

The best way to defend any cause is to do 
right. If it cannot be defended in this way 
it is not worthy of a defender. A wrong is 
is always wrong, and the longer we try to de- 
fend it the more wrong we make it. And 
not only so, but we also, in thus doing, idsn- 
tify ourselves with the wrong and thus be- 
come a part of it. 

We again call upon some of our brethren, 
who have given the subject proper considera- 
tion, to write a paper for the Messenger on 
the true Sabbath, or why we keep Sunday as 
the day for rest and worship. We repeat 
this request, because the information is be- 
ing asked for and we are not prepared, at 
this time, to give it. 

Bro. B. C. Moomaw, of Cloverdale, Va., 
says: "The Brethren Valley church, Bote- 
tourt Co., Va., have had a series of meetings 
lasting three weeks, conducted by Bro. A. 
Hutchison of Missouri. Thirty-two persons 
were baptized, and there is yet a prospect for 
more. The meeting closed with a Commun- 
ion which was much enjoyed by all present." 

We are always glad to get items of news, 
but are misunderstood as to the kind. An 
item of news relating accidents to parties in 
no way known outside of the immediate 
neighborhood in which they reside, and 
which may interest only ten or dozen out of 
■fifty thousand or more, cannot be of general 
interest, and we hope that none will feel dis- 
appointed if such items do not appear. 

The Annual Meeting of the Board of Di- 
rectors of the Virginia Normal met in their 
new building on December 21st and 22nd. — 
We are informed that the building is large, 
plain, and convenient, containing all necessa- 
ry recitation rooms, chapel and dormitories 
for seventy- five boarding students. The 
building and ground cost about $6,700, of 
which $5,200 is subscribed, thus leaving a 
debt of about $1,500. At this late meeting, 
the Board passed a resolution, inviting dona- 
tions and beques'ts for the educating of wor- 
thy young people who are not able to educate 
themselves. This is what we have been ask- 
ing for all of our schools, as there are many 
worthy poor to whom an education would be 
a great blessing. 

All Christians are desirous of learniug all 
they can about Palestine or the Holy Land. 
To buy a book containing this information 
will cost from $2 00 to $5.00. By sube crib- 
ing for the Gospel Messenger you will have 
the pleasure of getting it free of cost. Tell 
your friends about it and ask them to sub- 

For the last few weeks subscribers have 
been coming in to this office as high in num- 
ber as two hundred per day, and -we suppose 
that our Western oflice is still more abun- 
dantly crowded. If this rapid influx contin- 
ues awhile yet, our list will be considerably 
enlarged over that of last year. We hope 
that all of our agents aud friends will con- 
tinue the Avork, as we hope to give the Broth- 
erhood a paper that will be worthy of the 
hearty support it is now receiving. 

Another liberal departure was made on 
Jan. 1, by the Pennsylvania Railroad Com- 
pany striking out the restrictions as to age 
from the rules governing the issue of school 
tickets. Heretofore, the sale of such com- 
mutation tickets was limited to pupils under 
eighteen years of age. This having been 
abolished, students, without regard to age, at- 
tending elementary, scientific or art schools, 
will be entitled to purchase these tickets. — 
This is as it should be, and there is little 
doubt but that the advantage will be so well 
appreciated by residents along the line that 
the including of students over eighteen will 
really result in an increased revenue by vir- 
tue of the increase of travel stimulated by 
the reduced rate. 

We have frequent requests for instructions: 
"How to conduct a Sunday-school." These 
calls show the necessity of Sunday-school 
workers having meetings for the purpose of 
conferring as to the best methods of conduct- 
ing so important a work. Many schools are 
started by brethren who have no kuowledge 
of the work, except that which they have 
learned from attending schools of other de- 
nominations. Schools thus started are not 
always conducted in the most desirable way, 
and as a result, the work is^f ten attended 
with difficulties. We may, in the near fu- 
ture, have something to say on this subject, 
but in the meantime we will be pleased to 
have some one send us an article on the best 
method of conducting a Sunday-school, The 
paper should include the organization, offi- 
cers, their duties, teachers and how to teach, 
books to be used, opening, closing, etc. 



- ,ved unto God. a workman that 

aead« ? sabBmed. rightly dividing the 

Woid of Truth. 

ROMANS 12:1. 

Bl A. J. >"H KEY, 

"Pkbsbkt your bodies," saith the Word, 

Dg 58 I 

Holy and wholly to the Lord, 
sing in His eye . 

This te } we should not profane, 
Tis for the Holy Ghost : 
d let us consecrate the claim, 

He'ii he our Guest and Host. 

. In drink and eat, in word and deed, 
re wisdom ask; 
when W3 Iruly fe 1 our need, 
Prayer does no seem a task. 

Tis hut our service. He entreat-, 
And truly 'lis His nght; 

i : jur work his pi i ire meets, 
He'll be our '"Shining Light." 

H;s mercies, too, will then he sure, 

His promise he will keep, 
And when death comes, we are secure, 

In Jes is we shall sleep. 

And at the resurrection morn, 

His power He will prove; 
We shall rejoice at His return, 

And cornmehend His love. 
>. Ill , h c. 23, 1883. 


BY X. M. B. 

NiunTjer III. 

3. It is easy to understand why the devil 
ilways given to Religion a prominent place 
Lis catalogue of ways and means to hold do- 
minion over men. He was obliged to conform 
to the demands of man's nature and of the truth 
man was conscious. He sets himself 
/ to work to counterfeit the truth, or rath- 
. he admits so much truth as he is obliged to. 
nly withholding the truth of the serious nature 
first transgression. Or. if compelled to 
idmit its serious nature, yet to deny that the 
real consequence was death. Man fell, but not 
:; If thou eatest thereof, thou shalt not 
• die," said Satan. He denied then and 
. that man would become so separated 
from God that he could not return of himself, 
iieh was. in truth, the full consequence of that 

i tried to approach God on this belief, 
.ought the fruits of the ground and of his 
■the results of his own works, just as if 
othino happened. This was irapu- 

insulting. Abel's offering was a con- 
m that there great offense, that 

death wa3 involved, and that a Savior was need- 
Oain believed in a person- 
He could no more see be- 
eneath Ibel's bleeding 
JJe no more u d the serpent 

o represent 1 of God than the 

Lum it the great friend of man. 

Hia in his mind 

. adgment and enla 

his moth- 
lore, he 
■ tali m 
if he had that this was 

tore dread- 
ful ti 

er that i 

powerful personality beneath that serpent, which 
meant utter ruin to her and her posterity, and 
which had already accomplished it, he, too, 
might have been found tremblingly kneeling in 
the ashes before a bleeding sacrifice, instead of 
complacently wreathing garlands of roses and 
fruits with which to beautify a meaningless of- 

The wicked world soon found out, however, 
that something serious had occurred. The swift 
judgments which befell them, which they now 
beheld with horror, convinced them that it re- 
quired a better offering than Cain's to satisfy the 
Deity. Satan was forced to do better for his 
people. Human nature, writhing under the 
sense of impending wrath, clamored for some ad- 
ditional article of faith. So sacrifices were in- 
troduced in imitation of the strict, orthodox par- 
ty. They were sacrifices without a meaning. 
But a sentimental religion, with flowers and 
fruit and poetry and art, could no more satisfy 
dying people then, without a sacrifice, than now. 
So the Cainites added to their ritual. 

In our own times, and in professedly Chris- 
tian communities, this same theology survives. 
How much better are these than those people? 
The lives of these are more refined, their mode 
of living more convenient and luxurious. The 
intellectual side of his nature is more advanced 
and less rude barbarity characterizes him. But 
when he approaches God, the same original say- 
ing is repeated! Man is not surely dead! He 
can recover himself by the offering of a self-de- 
nying life, now that the way is opened by sacri- 
fice. This is little better than Buddhism, if it 
does profess a foundation in the Bible. The 
principal offering is the self-denying life; the 
blood is supplementary. 

In propagating this idea of self-sacrifice for 
the bloody sacrificial rites of Brahmanism, Budd- 
ha inaugurated a great religious movement in 
India. It was the mind of the philosophical 
schools. Perhaps it has always been. It mat- 
ters not where Buddha or the schools got it; it 
was a ray of light, one of those partial truths, 
always an error, from the Word of God in the 
world, which Satan knew how to use to advan- 
tage. ' Buddha carried it down to the people by 
his life. Such a life chimed with their natural 
views. They reasoned that a life of self- morti- 
fication by the sinner would render his God much 
more placable. 

Of course, Buddha became a God with his 
people. But Buddhism, as first taught by him, 
was a religion of morality, charity and reforma- 
tion, without blood. Satan made a great stride 
forward in the admission of Scripture truth in 
introducing this Teacher into the world. But it 
was a stroke of policy in view of advancing light 
and truth and of the Coming One, which forti- 
fied his dominions over half the globe. Let us 

It seems one of the most wonderful illustra- 
tions of the subtilty of Satan is furnished us in 
what appears to be his effort to anticipate the 
coming and work of our Lord by providing a 
pretended Savior of his own in the person of 
this man. 

Convinced by long conflict with Jehovah, by 
the many prophecies of Scripture and types of 
divine worship, that the Lord God would surely 
bring in a Righteousness, that a Deliverer would 
come, what better could he do than be has al- 
ways done, endeavor to thwart the purpose, fall 
in with the inevitable, assume the role of Jeho- 
vah, and fit out and send this Deliverer for him- 

About 500 years before Christ, this remarka- 
ble person appeared in the East, called Gauta- 
ma, <; The Buddha," ?'. <?., "The Enlightened 
One." He professed to be the Savior of men, 
■ut of his great love for men to live -on 

earth and teach, and suffer and die that he i. 
show men the way to Nirvana, the place of 
perfect holiness and bliss. 

At this period appeared in the various other 
parts, Confucius, Zoroaster and Pytkago 
each representing the results of intellectual 
change in his own country, and therefore .'. 
with such elementary principles of error and de- 
lusion, of religion and philosophy, as were best 
suited to the moral state of the people whom 
they respectively taught. Pythagoras was the 
promise of the intellectual dominion of the Wert. 
But in this golden cup Satan's poison was Doubt. 
These were remarkable movements in the world. 
The powers of the air seemed to be fortifying for 
the coming struggle. — the entrance of the Mes- 

The most remarkable of all, perhaps, is this 
Savior Buddha, who taught the idea of a per- 
fect life on earth, a life of self-conquest as the 
way to perfect bliss; and who taught not only by 
words of wisdom, but by words of wisdom which 
seem almost a paraphrase of Scripture. He 
taught it, moreover, by the single moral purity 
and lofty purpose of his character and by his de- 
votion to the good of his fellow-men. His mor- 
al code is superior to every other heathen sys- 

And Marco Polo says: "Indeed, had he been 
a Christian, he would have been a great saint of 
our Lord Jesus Christ, so pure was the life he 
led.' : So great has been the reverence for the 
character of this man, that he has been can. 
ed a saint by the Papal communion. Now this 
was a most awkward mistake for the Papists, and 
must have excited the risibilities of Satan 

But there was a peculiar meetness in tbi- 
I believe the Papacy represents the effort of Sa- 
tan to hold his dominion with the true Savior 
acknowledged, which he put forth, to bold it be- 
fore the true Savior's coming with his o>.vn Sa- 
vior, Buddha. Where else could so fine a hu- 
man character find fellowship so appropriate'.' 

People speak of the beautiful life of the late 
Pope, Pius IX, and feel that this softens the as- 
pect of Romanism. Very well. So it may. — 
But Buddha was incomparably superior in ev- 
ery way as a good man. People do not under- 
stand the devil, even if they believe in one. He 
transforms himself and his servants into the ap- 
pearance of angels of light sometimes. He tak- 
eth the wise in their own craftiness: he deludes 
men into the most debasing wickedness, and cap- 
tivates them with a lofty self-denial. 

A perusal of the life and teachings of Budd- 
ha reveals a most striking resemblance and yet a 
no less striking difference, to the Gospel h:- 
of our Lord. From his birth on, important in- 
cidents of every period of his life, his sayii _- 
to the eye that suspects the devil in human af- 
fairs, reveal his hand and declare the cheat like 
the first miserable attempts of the school-boy be- 
neath the set copy of his master's pen. The 
parallelism with Scripture, if not a Satan forg- 
ery, is too close and continued to be a mei:- 
incidence. Think of Satan teaching the almost 
precise code of Ethics of the Prophets. 

At first thought, one might suppose it unhke- 
ly he would venture to inculcate principles so 
full of danger to his kingdom. But herein mark 
his ability. Herein lies the strength of his delu- 
sion. He admits such a body of truth that men 
instinctively cling to it as such, while he with- 
holds the fundamental truth that man must be 
bom again. Salvation by works is always the 
devil's saving clause understood. And when 
men do set themselves in good earnest to a relig- 
ious life on this ground, their singular devotion 
and self-sacrifice is a wonder to behold. 

Witness the followers of Buddha and the vow- 
ed minions of Rome. Well, it will require all 
this and more too. to save Themselves I fear 



these that expect to go in by their works will be 
stopped at the same place with those who are 
trusting in their church or who think to be car- 
ried in by their faith in spite of their frivolous 
and world-seeking lives. . 

Of course, such a scheme as this of Buddha's, 
admitting much truth and leaving out the key- 
stone truth of all, without which all the rest can- 
not help man at all to bridge the awful chasm 
betwixt earth and heaven, was better calculated 
to deceive the nations and so accomplish the dev- 
il's work than a scheme of falsehood in whole 

How well it succeeded, may be seen in the 
statement given us that out of the thousand mill- 
ion inhabitants which it is computed people the 
earth, 450,000,000 are Buddhists! ! It reigns 
in Centra], Northern, Eastern and Southern 
Asia and gradually absorbs whatever remains of 
a prior heathenism in that vast area. 

''■Fort Lynne" near Harrisonburg, Va. 



Customs Continued. 

Our readers must not fall into the error, 
whilst reading of the condition of the laborers, 
and their methods of doing work here, of sup- 
posing that Germany is behind the times. The 
fact is, that in education, and in the arts and sci- 
ences, she occupies a place in the first rank 
among the nations of the world, and in manu- 
factures and skilled labor her position is an en- 
viable one. 

The fine yarn and woolen goods of 'Saxony are 
known in many of the great cities of Europe and 
America, whilst the. Dresden china, for richness 
and beauty, is unsurpassed. The immense 
Krupp Gun Works are many times larger than 
any similar works known. Sugar is manufac- 
tured in largo quantities, and it is said that the 
Germans do not adulterate their sugar as do the 
American manufacturers, which, if true, is much 
to their credit; and in many other lines of man- 
ufactured goods they are far in advance of what 
the condition of the laboring class would seem to 

The state of the laborer here is_due to vari- 
ous causes, among which may be named the 
great number of workmen in proportion to the 
amount of labor to be performed. But one of 
the principal causes may be traced directly to 
the old feudal system, the effects of which are to 
be plainly seen here now, and which prevailed, 
so far as the laborers were concerned, up to the 
beginning of the present century. 

Under this old system, the laborers were held 
by the petty lords and nobles as serfs or slaves. 
They suffered many hardships and were often 
cruelly treated by their masters. Those who 
farmed the land, which was all owned by the no- 
bles and was given out in small parcels to the 
peasants, were compelled to work a certain num- 
ber of days each month for the land-owner with- 
out pay. 

The number of days to be worked depended 
entirely upon the will of the master, who made 
them more or less as suited his purpose. When 
not working for the owner of the land, the peas- 

ant labored on his own little farm to make a 
living for himself and family, working very 
often far into the night to sow or to reap his 
crop. In addition to this, he was compelled 
to give one-tenth of everything that he rais- 
ed on his few acre3. He was robbed of the 
right to the wild game in the forest and of 
the fish in the rivers. 

According to an old custom called the "he- 
riot," or "best chattel," the lord, upon the 
death of a peasant, took from the widow the 
best chattel she possessed, often the best 
horse or cow. The peasants' fields, when al- 
most ready for harvest, were often trampled 
down by the lord and his retainers as they 
rode out to hunt. So galling did this slavery 
become that, in 1525, the peasants rebelled. 
They raised as their standard a flag, on which 
was painted a peasant's wooden shoe, called 
the "Bundschuh." 

A short, but bloody war ensued. The 
peasants were, of course, defeated and with 
terrible and unheard-of cruelties were sub- 
jected to worse conditions than before. Over 
100,000 of them had been killed and their 
slavery was complete. They were only re- 
lieved by the reforms instituted at the begin- 
ning of the present century, and the effect of 
centuries of serfdom is to be seen in the con- 
dition of the laboring classes to-day. Their 
condition, as bad as it now seems to us, is 
much better than it was a hundred years ago 
and it is to be hoped that the improvement 
may still go on, for there is certainly much 
need for it. 


The niiddle class are generally well-to-do 
people, composed of the wealthier farmers, 
the shopkeepers or merchants, and the mas- 
ter mechanics. They live much better than 
the laboring class and the line between them 
is pretty sharply drawn. They do not asso- 
ciate as equals. Perhaps all will better un- 
derstand the way the families of this class 
live if we give a daily program of their 

The first eating of the day at about seven 
o'clock is called "Morgen Kaffee." This con- 
sists of coffee and rolls, the coffee being very 
strong and very black. Our custom was to 
call for hot water, using half water and half 
of the strong coffee, and this made the coffee 
as strong as we cared to drink it. At ten 
o'clock they have the second meal, at which, 
in addition to the rolls and coffee, meat of 
some kind (usually cold) is served. At one 
o'clock they have dinner. This is the prin- 
cipal meal of the day. Generally, two or 
three different kinds of meat are served with 

In most families, beer and wine are freely 
drank at this meal. Butter is not to be seen 
on the tables at noon. Even in the best ho- 
tels it is only passed around with bread and 
cheese as a dessert. At four o'clock the ta- 
ble is again set. This time coffee and cakes 
compose the meal. At seven o'clock "Abend 
Brod" or supper is eaten. At this meal tea 
is drank and bread, butter and cold meats 
are served. 

This was the regular daily routine in the 
family with whom we boarded in Dresden, 

and, upon inquiry, we found it was a pretty 
general custom. We, however, declined the 
ten o'clock and three o'clock meals, prefer- 
ring to adhere to our home custom of three 
meals a day. The bouses are well and com- 
fortably furnished, and, on the whole, some- 
what plainer than in America. We miss the 
carpets so common at home. The floors are 
either painted or polished, but carpets are 
very rarely to be seen. Even in the palaces 
the rooms are bare of carpets, the floors be- 
ing highly polished. A few rugs are placed 
on the floors in front of tables, sofas, and 

At first, this all seemed very strange to us, 
but Ave are " now used to it and seem to get 
along as well without carpet as with it. In 
the large towns and cities, the people are sup- 
plied with provisions from a market. This 
is held in a large, open square, usually near 
the centre of the city. Here a busy and 
stirring scene is presented on market days. 
The marketing is done entirely by the wom- 
en, both the buying and the selling. They 
sit in the open square in all kinds of weath- 
er, Winter and Summer, with but little pro- 
tection from Summer heat, or the cold, win- 
try winds. 

The market closes at two o'clock, and then 
the square is swept and cleaned for the next 
day. Here one may buy almost any of the 
products of the land in the season, from a 
head of cabbage to a bit-cheese, which is us- 
ually very strong for its size. Eish are of- 
fered for sale alive, swimming in water, con- 
tained in large tanks, from which they are 
taken with small nets as they are sold. 

It is an interesting study to walk through 
the market and observe the manner and cus- 
toms of the people. One learns much of 
their economical habits by noticing the pur- 
chases made. A woman, for instance, may 
be seen buying a few leaves of cabbage for 
one "pfennig;" (four "pfennigs" equal our 
cent) potatoes for a few pfennigs, etc., very 
many of the purchases not exce.ding twenty 
pfennigs (five cents). In fact, it seems to 
us that the German "mark" (twenty-five 
cents) is regarded about as we regard a dol- 
lar at home, and the pfennig, in the same 
way, is equal to our cent. 

We have, in a former letter, referred to the 
universal habit of beer- drinking in Germany, 
and it is again referred to here in order to 
show that our former estimate was not too 
strong. The official statistics show that the 
total consumption of beer in Germany is 
equal to about twenty-three gallons for each 
man, woman and child composing the forty- 
five millions of inhabitants of the German 
Empire. This seems almost incredible, but 
it is nevertheless true. 

Only about two-thirds of the population 
are adults, and women and children do not 
drink up to the average. Whilst most of the 
women drink beer and wine, most of them 
drink only moderately. This leaves the 
quantity consumed by the men very much 
above the average, and it will probably not 
be' placing it too high at from 40 to 50 gal- 
ions each. In addition to this, a great deal 
of wine, brandy and whiskey is drank. 



A: we haw often heard it said, that 

.ir^g the gieat amount of beer- 
drinking in Germany, but little drunkenness 
s . e seen. And this has been used as 
lent in favor of beer-drinking. Of 
se. we have no way of telling whether 
- - true of Germany as a whole or not; 
act, we have seen more 
drunken men in Halle in the two and a half 
months that we have been here than we ever 
did in any American town or city in the same 
f time. 
1: :> also said that drunkenness is increas- 
: this appears to be true. Beer- 
drinking is carried to such excess, that even 
m stings of the so-called religious so- 
dee, it is freely indulged in. "For esam- 
on the occasion of the Luther festivities, 
_ eal societies held a meeting com- 
. - -A of ministers, professors and students 
preparing for the ministry. We did not at- 
this mee:ing, but we are informed upon 
:ority. that it was held in a large 
beer hall and that all engaged in drinking 
and smoking. 

A few weeks ago, we attended a missionary 
meeting held by the mission society in the 
church. A sermon was preached, after which 
a missionary from China related his experi- 
ence ani&ng the Chinese. After the services 
in the church were concluded, the minister 
announced that the society would adjourn to 
meet in a large restaurant (we call them, in 
America, beer halls i, where the further bus- 
iness of the meeting would be considered. 

Is it to be wondered at, that spirituality is 
at a low ebb in Germany? If those who are 
to lead the people and whose duty it is to 
break the Bread of Life to the waiting mul- 
titudes, show a light of this kind to the world, 
what can be expected of the flock, and what 
must the harvest be of such a seed-time as 
this? He that sows to the Avind will reap of 
"vkirlwind, and we may rest assured the 
whirlwind will come. 

The more we see of the condition of the 
church here, the more are we impressed with 
the importance of our standing firmly by our 
principles. The simple faith of Je- 
su.s, the distinctive features of Christianity, 
as taught by Him and His apostles, unaided 
. arnan wisdom and human devices, is the 
only hope for humanity. Any deviation from 
this ,:dy in one direction, and that is 

ards the death of spirituality. The devi- 
ation m be ever so little at first, but in 
" will grow. Other deviations from 
the trie doc of Christ will add thein- 

s to it, until, like a mighty river, fed by 
.ad little streams, it sweeps every- 
: fore it, and the truths of the blessed 
pel, with their sweet simplicity, are car- 
ried only a dull, cold 
formali' G ; help us all to be faithful, 

>rning, we go to Denmark, to 
▼i«i e church there. We 

■ two or three 

n Denmark, and 

return . , thought to 

until nextSj 

g do a into 

Egypt, and also to visit Palestine, our only 
opportunity for going to Denmark seems to 
be now, as we are quite anxious to get to 
America so as to attend our next A. M., and 
this we cannot do if we defer our visit to 
Denmark until after our return from the 

It may be well to say here, that our Pales- 
tine trip may be interfered with by the war 
in Africa. The latest advices seem to indi- 
cate that the False Prophet is likely to make 
the Turks some trouble. We cannot tell 
what the future will bring forth. 'Man pro- 
poses, but God disposes," and we leave the 
matter in his hands. D. L. Miller. 

Halle, a. S., Germany, Dec. 23, 1888. 



Number II. 

As soon as Cyrus saw that the ditch, which 
his soldiers had long worked upon, was 
finished, he began "to think seriously upon 
the execution of his vast design, which, as 
yet, he had communicated to nobody. Prov- 
idence soon furnished him with as fit an op- 
portunity for his purpose as he could desire. 
He was informed that in the city a great fes- 
tival was to be celebrated, and that the Bab- 
ylonians, on an occasion of such solemnity, 
were accustomed to pass the whole night in 
drinking and debauchery. 

Belshazzar himself was more concerned in 
this public rejoicing than any other, and gave 
a magnificent entertainment to the chief offi- 
cers of the kingdom and the ladies of the 
court. When flushed with wine, he ordered 
the gold and silver vessels which had been 
taken from the temple of Jerusalem, to be 
brought out; and, as an insult to the God of 
Israel, he, his whole court, and all his concu- 
bines, drank out of those sacred vessels. 

God, who was provoked at such insolence 
and impiety, at the same instant made him 
sensible who it was that he affronted, by a 
sudden apparition of a hand, writing certain 
characters upon the wall. The king, terribly 
surprised and affrighted at this vision, imme- 
diately sent for all his wise men, his divines 
and astrologers, that they might read the 
writing to him and explain the meaning of 
it. But they all came in vain, not one of 
thern being able to expound the matter, or 
even to read the characters. 

It is probably in relation to this occurrence 
that Isaiah, after having foretold to Babylon 
that she should be overwhelmed with calami- 
ties which she did not expect, adds, "Stand 
now with thine enchantments, and with the 
multitude of thy sorceries. Let now the as- 
trologers, the star-gazers, the monthly prog- 
nosticators, stand up, and save thee from 
these things that shall come upon thee." Isa. 
57: 12, 13. 

The- queen-mother (Nitocris, a princess of 
great merit), coming upon the noise of this 
great prodigy into the banqueting-room, en- 
deavored to compose the mind of the king, 
her son, advising him to send for Daniel, 
with whose abilities in such matters she was 

well acquainted, and whom she had alway; 
employed in the government of the state. 

Daniel was therefore immediately sent for 
and spoke to the king with a freedom and lib 
erty becoming a prophet. He put him in 
mind of the dreadful manner in which Goc 
had punished the pride of his grandfather 
Nebuchadnezzar, and the flagrant abuse h( 
made of his power, when he acknowledged 
no law but his own will, and thought hirnseU 
empowered to exalt and to abase, to inflict de- 
struction and death wheresoever he would, 
only because such was his will and pleasure. 

"And thou, his son," says he to the king, 
"hast not humbled thine heart, though thou^ 
knowest all this,- but hast lifted up thyself? 
against the Lord of heaven; and they have 
brought the vessels of his house before thee, 
and thou and thy lords, thy wives and thy 
concubines, have drunk wine in them; and 
thou hast praised the gods of silver and gold, 
of brass, iron, wood and stone, which see not, 
nor hear, nor know; and the God in whose 
hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy 
ways, hast thou not glorified. Then was the 
part, of the hand sent from him, and this 
writing was written. 

"And this is the writing that was written: 
This is the interpretation of the thing: ME- 
NE, God hath remembered thy kingdom, and 
finished it; TEKEL, thou art weighed in the 
balances, and art found wanting; PEBES, 
thy kingdom is divided, and given to the 
Medes and Persians." 

This interpretation, one would think, 
should have aggravated the consternation of 
the company; but they found means to dispel 
their fears, probably upon a persuasion, that 
the calamity was not denounced as present 
or immediate, and that time might furnish 
them with expedients to avert it. This, how- 
ever, is certain, that for fear of disturbing 
the general joy of the present festival, they 
put off the discussion of serious matters to 
another time, and sat down again to their 
banquet, and continued their reveling to a 
very late hour. 

Cyrus, in the meantime, well-informed of 
the confusion that was generally occasioned 
by this festival, both . in the palace and the 
city, had posted a part of his troops on that 
side where the river entered into the city, 
and another part on that side where it went 
out; and had commanded them to enter the 
city that very night, by marching along the 
channel of the river as soon as ever they 
found it fordable. 

Having given all necessary orders, and ex- 
horted his officers to follow him, by present- 
ing to them that he marched under the guid- 
ance of the gods; in the evening he made 
them open the great receptacles, or ditches, 
on both sides of the city, above and below, 
that the water of the river might run into 
them. By this means, the Euphrates was 
quickly emptied, and its channel became dry. 
Then the two forementioned bodies of troops, 
according to their orders, went into the chan- 
nel, the one commanded by Gabrias, and the 
other by Gadabas, and advanced without 
meeting any obstacle. 



The invisible guide, who had promised to 
Dpen all the gates to Cyrus, made the general 
negligence and disorder of that riotous night 
subservient to his design, by leaving open 
the gates of bbass which were made to shut 
ap the descents from the quay to the river, 
md which alone, if they had not been left 
)pen, were sufficient to have defeated the 
ivhole enterprise. 

Thus did these two bodies of troops pene- 
trate into the very heart of the city without 
iny opposition, and, meeting together at the 
royal palace, according to their agreement, 
surprised the guards, and cut them to pieces. 
Some of the company that were within the 
palace, opening the doors to know what noise 
;t was they heard without, the soldiers rush- 
ed in, and quickly made themselves masters 
)f it; and meeting the king, who came to 
;hem, sword in hand, at the head of those 
;hat were in the way to succor him, they kill- 
id him, and put all those that attended him 
;o the sword. 

The taking of Babylon put an end to the 
Babylonian Empire, after a duration of 210 
^ears, from the beginning of Nabanasser. — 
rhus was the power of that proud city abol- 
shed just fifty years after she had destroyed 
Jerusalem and her temple. And herein were 
iccomplished those predictions, which the 
arophets Isaiah, Jeremiah and Daniel had 
ienounced against her. 

There is still one more, the most important 
ind the most incredible of them all, and yet 
;he Scripture has set it down in the strong- 
est terms, and marked it out with the great- 
est exactness; a prediction literally fulfilled 
:n all its points, the proof of which still act- 
ually exists. What I mean is the prediction 
:>f so total and absolute a ruin of Babylon, 
;hat not the lea«t remains or traces should be 
left of it." Bol. V. I, p. 131. 

We shall next call attention to the predic- 
tion of our Savior, in regard to the destruc- 
tion of Jerusalem. Matt. 24; Mark 13: 1; 
Luke 21. When his disciples had called his 
attention to the great buildings of the tem- 
ple, and the large stones of which they were 
somposed, "Jesus saith unto them, See ye not 
all these things? Verily, I say unto you, 
there shall not be left one stone upon anoth- 
er, that shall not be thrown down." 

By referring to the history of Flavius Jo- 
sephus, where he gives the account of the be- 
sieging and destruction of Jerusalem by the 
Romans, under the leadership of Titus, we 
shall find this Scripture literally fulfilled. — 
The Roman soldiers were so enraged by the 
long continuance of the siege, and the obsti- 
nate resistance of the Jews, that they dug up 
the very foundations of the temple, so there 
was actually not one stone left upon another. 
Christ's mission on earth, from his birth to 
his apprehension, crucifixion, resurrection, 
and ascension to heaven, was throughout a 
literal fulfillment of prophecy. Among the 
many we shall only cite the reader to a few. 

In the 53rd chapter of Isaiah, we have a 
complete description of his humility, inof- 
fensiveness, in his trial, condemnation and 
death. When he was crucified, it is said, 
(Jno. 19) that the soldiers took his garments 

and made four parts, to every soldier a part, 
but as his coat was woven without seam, they 
concluded to cast lots for it, that the Script- 
ure might be fulfilled, which saith, "They 
parted my raiment among them, and for my 
vesture they did cast lots." 

And again, though it was the custom to al- 
ways break the legs of malefactors before 
they took them down from the cross, yet they 
passed him by, though they brake the legs of 
the others that were crucified with him, but 
a soldier pierced him in the side with a spear, 
that the Scriptures might be fulfilled, "A 
bone of him shall not be broken;" and again, 
another Scripture, "They shall look on him 
whom they have pierced." 

Thus we see, that even the soldiers were 
unconsciously fulfilling the Scriptures. His 
burial, resurrection, and ascension to heaven, 
are all subjects of prophecy; and their liter- 
al fulfillment has been testified to, by many 
responsible witnesses. 

We have endeavored to show that all past 
prophecy has been literally fulfilled; in our 
next, we shall try to bring out some that are 
yet to be fulfilled in the future, and many in 
the ages to come. 

( To be continued. ) 


I have often wondered why so little is said 
to sisters concerning their duties, etc. The 
brethren have been freely admonished to 
erect more family altars, to be more prayer- 
ful and let their light shine, etc. Well, that 
is all good. We ought to expect advice of 
that kind. But how about the sisters? Must 
they always ask their husbands at home, if 
they desire to know anything? It seems to 
be the custom among the Brethren, while vis- 
iting each other, for the men to always ask 
the blessing at the table, while the sisters re- 
main silent. Of course, they are not invited 
to use that freedom at the table, and they 
would feel very timid, should they happen to 
be called on to return thanks, not being ac- 
customed to it. 

Permit me to relate what too frequently 
occurs: Sister A visits sister B. The table 
is prepared with a bountiful supply of food ; 
The children place the chairs to the table, 
wondering who will return thanks to-day, as 
their pa is not at home. Then sister B says, 
"Now, come, sister; put up your work, and 
sit right here. Well, as my husband is not 
at home, we will not have any ceremony; so 
just help yourself." As a consequence, the 
meal is eaten, and no thanks returned ; where- 
as, if these sisters had been formally encour- 
aged, or it had been the custom to extend the 
liberty of asking a blessing to the sisters al- 
so, some one would have used the liberty on 
this occasion. B. G. Frederick. 


The writer of the above has presented an 
important thought for our consideration. — 
There are few enough of praying fathers 
among us, but we fear there are still fewer 
praying mothers ; not that the sisters are less 
pious than the brethren, for, as a rule, we be- 

lieve they possess a greater degree of piety, 
but they have not been taught to pray. John 
taught his disciples to pray, and Christ also 
did the same with his. Luke 11: 1, 2. In 
order to pray with tho spirit and with the un- 
derstanding also, one must be taught to pray, 
that is, they must have opportunities of exer- 
cising in prayer. We think our sisters are 
not to be censured so much for neglecting 
this important duty. Most of them have not 
been properly encouraged to take part in the 
family prayers. In many families, the hus- 
band does all the praying, and asks all the 
blessings at the table; as a consequence, the 
wife is never taught to pray, and, of course, 
when called upon, feels too timid to exercise. 
You say, they ought not to be so timid when 
talking to their Heavenly Father. That may 
be, but if brethren had no training in pray- 
er, they would feel just as timid as the sis- 
ters, when called upon. 

Our rule, in matters of this kind, is to 
practice what we teach. We believe the wife 
should take her turns with her husband, con- 
ducting the family services. She may read 
the Scriptural lesson, lead in prayer, while 
the husband closes with the Lord'b prayer. — 
When the husband leads, let the wife exer- 
cise in the Lord's Prayer. If there are chil- 
dren in the family, who are members, let 
them also exercise in these services. The 
wife should also give thanks at the table. If 
she thus exercises in her own family, she will 
not feel so timid when called upon to take 
part in the family services away from home, 
nor will she tell her sister that they will pro- 
ceed to eat without "further ceremony." — 
When her husband is absent, the religious 
services will be attended to just as promptly, 
and just as well. 

Furthermore, we believe that there is more 
influence over the minds of children in a 
mother's prayer, -than in the prayers of the 
father. Few fathers can pray as a mother 
can pray. "Many sweet prayers are heard in 
our public meetings, but the sweetest of all 
prayers are never heard outside of the fami- 
ly circle; they are the prayers of the mother. 
As none can love as a mother loves, so can 
none surpass her prayers. O, for more pray- 
ing mothers! It would be a blessing if her 
prayers could be heard more in public assem- 
blies. In her nature, she seems but a little 
lower than the angels, and her prayers are 
filled with a degree of earnestness that man 
seldom attains. 

We suggest that our ministers! give this 
important matter special attention in their 
preaching. As John and Christ taught their 
disciples to pray, so should we now teach our 
sisters, as well as our brethren, to pray. 

J. H. M. 

Those with whom we can apparently be- 
come w r ell acquainted in a. few months are 
generally the most difficult to rightly know 
and understand. 

The conqueror is regarded with awe; the 
wise man commands our esteem; but it is the 
benevolent man who wins our affections. 




t> W>!\1." 

OP GO!>? 


tls if ye do whatsoerev I command 
i Lord Jesus Christ, the Author of eter- 
salvation, uttered this language to his 
les on the night of his betrayal into 
Is o! wicked men. It was a time of 
deep sorrow and solemnity with the little 
• of soul-stricken Christians. We infer 
they were troubled, because of the Con- 
or Js of the blessed Savior, "Let not 
hearts be troubled, ye believe in God, 
believe also in me." It was hard for the dis- 
ciples to believe that their great leader and 
was so soon to be taken away and 
suffer for their sakes. But he graciously 
- > them that after his departure he 
■will send them another coinfortei', even the 
spirit of truth, which shall lead and instruct 
them iu the way of Life Eternal, and bring 
. . things to their remembrance, whatsoever 
he had commanded them. The great plan of 
don was almost completed, and the time 
was now nigh when his Holy Word would be 
sealed by his own precious blood. He had 
finished the work of instituting and estab- 
. _ the ordinances intended to character- 
ize the believers of Christ and celebrate and 
nemorate the sufferings and death of the 
I remer of mankind. 

... this eventful, yet solemn period, he 
ceased not to tell them of the great iinpor- 
tance of keeping his commandments, without 
which they could not be recognized by him 
as his children. * 

•'•Jf ye love me, keep my commandments." 
Jno. II: 15. <- He that hath my command- 
ments, and keepeth them, he it is that loveth 
Jn j. 14: 21. 'Tf ye keep my com- 
mandments, ye shall abide in my love, even 
as I have kept my Father's commandments, 
and abide i;i his love." Jno. 15: 10. Again, 
"Ye are my friends if ye do whatsoever I 
ou." Jno. 15: 11. 
Prior to this night he had taught the doc- 
t faith, repentance, and baptism. — 
essential elements in the work 
pardon from sin, that the 
subject be properly inducted into the king- 
dom of God. But this was not all. He now 
srtain ordinances which are to be 
I by the children of God, in order 
that they retain their righteousness. Ac- 
□g to the divine appointment of God, 
feet the Lord's Supper, and the 

■.r<: instituted. "If ye know 
ppy are ye if ye do them." 
d perpetnation of them 
aary, that Christians he kept in 
: faith of the Son of God, ever re- 
price and manner of theirre- 
den. ad tending to produce that low- 

line-. -/-., and humiliation by which 

listingutsl ed from the world, 
•strength g them in the true faith, and 

making them better qualified and equipped 
for their warfares with the adversaries. — 
Furthermore, by keeping his commandments, 
we manifest our love for him, and by this 
"do all men know that we are his disciples." 
Moreover, he declares we are his friends if 
we do whatsoever he commands us. By 
obeying him in all things, we become heirs 
of God, and joint heirs with Jesus Christ. 

But let us now proceed another step: Jesus 
is now taken by wicked, cruel murderers, 
nailed to the cross, placed in a sealed sepul- 
chre; rises at the appointed time, ascends 
to heaven, after which he appears to his 

Hear what he says to his disciples just be- 
fore his final dep^rtui'e: "All power is given 
me, in heaven and earth: Go ye, therefore, 
and teach all nations, baptizing them in the 
name of the Father, and of the Son, and of 
the Holy Ghost; teaching them to observe 
all things whatsoever I have commanded 
jrou." Malt. 23: 18-20. Can any language 
be plainer or more emphatic? All things 
must be taught all nations, whatsoever he 
had commanded them. 

Therefore, it is impossible for man to claim 
the true heirship of God, if he fail to observe 
any part comprised iu his holy will. Who 
would dare to abrogate the testimony of Je- 

Illustration: There exists a rich and mighty 
personage, greatly noted for his charity, be- 
nevolence, mercy, power, and will for doing 

There is a people plunged into the lowest 
depths of distress and misery. Their state 
of deep despair is remediless, except this 
great personage will redeem them by exer- 
cising his great mercy and power in their be- 

Moved by compassion, he devises redemp- 
tive means, sends his servant into wdiom he 
has transmitted all his own good and great 
qualities, attributes and powers. These peo- 
ple can be rescued and saved by accepting 
the proffered terms. If they refuse, he is 
empowered to make them more wretched and 
miserable, and them eternally. That 
they may have no reasons for doubt, he is 
vested with miraculous power, which he 
displays to all, proving the genuineness of his 
mission and power; moreover, he desires to 
save all succeeding generations on one con- 
dition, i. e., they must strictly obey all his 
will, which is made and delivered to his fol- 
lowers, sealed by his own blood. . 

In tliH execution of this work and will, he 
was wont to exercise his superhuman powers; 
this he did by curing and healing even the 
direst maladies, yea, so great was this power 
and mercy that the deaf were made to hear; 
the blind to see; the lame to walk; and the 
dead restored to life. 

The purpose of these great miracles was to 
cause, the people to believe and accept him 
as their deliverer. Before he sealed his will, 
the testator embodied all power, afterwards, 
the will contains it. No one can be a legal 
heir in this great estate, until he complies 
with each and every condition of the will. — 

They that offend in one point or part, are 
guilty of all, hence are not true heirs. 

Moreover, we learn that more is required 
to obtain eternal deliverance, than was re- 
quired to give temporal or physical salva- 

While the testator lived, he bestowed hit 
power on whomsoever he would; after hif 
death, all power is vested in his Testament 
This illustrates the will of God as made anc 
sealed by his Son and servant, Jesus Christ 
our Savior. Therefore, our heirship is gain 
ed by obedience, and forfeited by disobedi 
ence to the will of God. 

It is universally accepted by professing 
Christendom, that faith, repentance, and bap 
tism are essential, but upon the latter dub 
there is great controversy as regards the 
mode of administration; but let the Gospe 

We come to the ordinances; all will admi 
we have a right to observe them, but if lef 
to man's judgment to decide, many thing] 
are discarded and unobserved by Christiai 

For instance, the major part of Christiai 
denominations considers feet- washing as non 
essential to salvation, or, at least, claim tha 
it is unnecessary to observe it. They admi 
it teaches humility but will not humbly prac 
tice it. We accept the import and also clain 
that it is united and connected with other or- 
dinances of God's house, and should be ob 
served accordingly. Who can deny that th< 
Savior did command feet-washing? All wil 
admit it; then, who will dare to say we nee( 
not practice it? Is it not in plainer an( 
more emphatic terms than the command ws 
have, from which we keep the Communion 
We have not only command, but example- 
Yet all believe that Christians should par 
take of the Communion. Where then, mus 
the issue rest? Yea, verily there seems t< 
be a wrong. Can it be in the Word of God 
Surely not. 

The text says "Ye are my friends if ye 
do whatsoever I command you." Did nol 
Christ tell his disciples to wash one another's 
feet, even as he had washed theirs? 

Before he ascended to heaven, he told then 
to "observe all things whatsoever I have com 
manded you." How, then, dare we omit tin 
command of feet-washing? Were not al 
things to be brought to their remembrance' 
Not only John, but Paul also speaks of tin 
same duty and names it as one of the gooc 
works, and Chiistian qualifications. 1 Tim 
5: 10. It looks as if it had been brought tc 
Paul's remembrance, even at that age of th< 
church. I wonder why Paul commandec 
it? Probably the Savior's words, "Ye ar« 
my friends if ye do what I command you," 
and "If ye know these things, happy are ye 
if ye do them," etc., came to his remembrance 
Does it seem a thing incredible ? How then 
can we be heirs of God and disobey him ir 
this emphatic command? We should eon 
tend not only for this command, but for ah 
of them and do them, and leave the et 
quence with God. Then will we complv 
with the demands of the text, and be friends 
and heirs of God. 

\ — 


Duties are ours; consequences belong to 
God. "Why I noticed this command in this 
connection more than others, is, because I 
consider it, may I say, the plainest command 
in the New Testament, and the least practic- 
ed, and if we can give good reasons for not 
observing it, we can, with equal propriety, 
and with similar logic, give^ better reasons 
for leaving undone, many or all other du- 

If we can be justified and escape condem- 
nation when we violate the will, of God in 
this particular, where and what is it, we may 
not" do, and still be friends and heirs of God? 
Where is the consistency, where is the rea- 
son for not obeying God in this respect? 

In conclusion, let us strive to be friends of 
God in all things, by doing everything com- 
manded in his will, and we have the gracious 
assurance then of being heirs of his great in- 
heritance according to promise. Have the 
spirit, mind, and humility that was in Christ 
and none of his commands will be grievous. 
Without .these essentialities, all our preten- 
sions, forms, and professions of godliness 
will be in vain and add the greater condem- 

Greenland, W. Va. 


BERKMAN— FUNK.— At bride's residence, Oct. 18, 
by Eld. Samuel FJory, Eld. Hiram Berkman, of Mon- 
toe Co., Iowa and sister Mary A. Funk, of Powesheik 
Co., Iowa. Jestina Miller. 

FINDLEY— NAYLOR.— Jan. 1, at the residence of the 

bride's parents, James G. Findley and Jane E. Nay- 

lor, all of Cambria Co , Pa. 

David Hildebrand. 

MARLEY— ARMSTRONG. -By M. Myers, at the resi- 
dence of the bride's father, near Afton, Iowa, Jan. 1, 
'84, Mr. J. R. Marley, of Madison Co., and Mis Cora 

A. Armstrong, of Union Co , Iowa. 

M. Myers. 

FREDERICK — CAMPBELL. — At the residence of 
friend Joseph and sister Elizabeth Campbell, in Yar- 
ersburg, Md., Oct. 18, Bro. Edward Frederick and 
sister Francis Campbe 1. 

HOLMES-CAMPBELL— At the same place and resi- 
dence, by the writer, Dec. £0, 1883, Mr. James A. 
Holmes and sister Margaret A. Campbell, all of 
Washington Co., Aid. C. W. Castle. 

EICHER-DIVELY.-Dec.25th, 1883, Mr. Alexander 
Bicker to sister Malinda Dively, both of King town- 
ship, Bedford Co., P.i. M. Claar. 

LEWELLEN-OVERHOLTZER.-By the writer at the 
residence of sister Mary Wagoner, Dec. 2, Bro. Smith 
Lewelien and sister Katie Overholtzer, both of C003 
Co., Oregon. 

LEWELLEN— GRAHAM.— At the same place and 
time, John Leweilen and Arrilda Bell Graham, all of 
Coos Co., Oregon. Wm. Pullen. 

KINZ1E— DAGGETT.— At the residence of the bride's 
mother, in Republic Co., Kan., Dec. 25, 188B, by Bro. 
Lemuel Rillery, Bro. Joel H. Kinzie, of Jewell Co., 
Kan., to sister Nellie M. Daggett. 

M. M. Kshelman. 

PRE AD -FORNEY.— At the residence of the bride's 
parents, Dec. 23, by Eld. S. M. Forney, Mr. Ezra 
Freacl and sister Nancy Forney, both of Buffalo Co., 

GOOD— STJMSTTNE.— Sept. 30, at the residence of 
John Meyers, Bro. Jacob I. Good, of Kearney Co., 

Neb., to sister Jennie S. Sumstine, of Richardson Co., 
Neb. Ceremony by Eld. S. M. Forney. 

Srro D. Noyi.. 
DETRICK— DEETER —At the residence of the under- 
signed, December 26th, 1883, Mr. Philip Detrkk, of 
"White Rock, Jewell Co., and sister Vinnie Deeter, of 
Washington, Washington (Jo , Ivan. 

A. W, Austin. 

BENNER— LONGENECKER. — At the residence of 
Bro. Joseph Z. Replogle, at Waterside, Bedford Co., 
Pa , Nov. 25, 1883, Bro. Levi G. Benner, and sister 
Leah R. Longenecker, both of New Enterprise con- 

ANDES— KEYLER.— By the undersigned, at his resi- 
dence, Dec 31, 1883, Mr. G. W. Andes and sister Ida 
May Keyler, both of Flag Springs, Andrew Co.. Mo. 

S. A. Honiserger. 


"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

WINER.— Dec. 28, in Circleville, Pendleton Co , W. 
Va., Bro. Geo. Wimer, in the 91st year of his age. 
This old veteran had been a member of the church 
for about 15 years. What his future destiny is, will be 
decided by the Almighty, and not by any eulogy we 
might make. He leaves seven sons and daughters to 
mourn their loss. The Lord bless the bereaved wife. — 
Funeral services by the writer. G. W. Grady. 

MYERS.— In the New Haven church, Grat'ot Co., 

Mich., Dec. 28, Bro. Myns, aged 49 years, 5 

months and 1 day. Funeral fervices by the Brethren. 


STUDEBAKER .— Near Christ ne, Mendocino Co., Gal., 

Dec. 23, Daniel Studebaker, of a disease similar to 

the gout. 

Father was born in Bedford Co , Pa , in A. D., 

1824, March 24th; has been a devoted member of the 

Brethren church about 32 years. Married Nancy 

Bloug'j Sept. 24, 1848. He kept his bed aboat a month 

before he died, though he had been afflicted for several 

years. He passed away very quietly, leaving a "wife and 

seven children. Katie Studebaker. 

SOUTHERLAND— In the Upper Deer Creek congre- 
gation, Cass Co., Ind., sister Sarah Cordelia SDuther- 
l&nd, aged 18 years, 4 months and 8 days. 
The deceased was an exemplary Christian, having 
early in life chosen that good part that will entitle her 
to that rest that is prepared for the people of God. Fu- 
neral services by the writer and Bro. David Neff. 

W. S. Toney. 

CLAAR.— In the Woodbury church, Bedford Co., Pa , 
Dec. 29th, 1883, Bro. Matthias Claar, aged 75 years, 4 
months and 10 day-!. 
The subject of this notice was the father of thirteen 
children, one son and twelve daughters, eight of whom 
are living; forty-three grand-children and eight great- 
grandchildren. At the time of his death he was living 
■with his son. Funeral occasion improved by the writer 
assisted by Bro. Price. David D. Ski.l, 

LAHMAN.— At Franklin, 111., Jan. 3, Alora Lahman, 
(sister of our beloved brother J. C. Lahman) aged 30 
years, 4 months and 3 clays. Funeral discourse from 
1 Pet. 4: 7, by the writer. S. Z. Sharp. 

SHRULL— In Jasper Co , Mo., Nov. 29, Bro. A.Shruli, 
aged 34 years, 11 months and 15 days. 
Bro. and sister Shrull came to Missouri from Lena, 
111. He has now gone to the other world, and sister 
Shrull is left to mourn the loss of a kind husband. The 
funeral was preached Dec. 30 by Eld. Win, Harvey and 
the writer from Rev. 14: 13. C. Holdeman. 

HOSTE ILER.- In the Middle Creek district, Somerset 
Co , Pa., Dec. 7, 1883, Bro. Lazarus Hostetler, aged 
72 years, 11 months and 5 days. 

CHR1STNER.— In the same district, Mary Lizzie, 
daughter of Bro. U. B. and sister M. A. Christner, 
aged 10 months and 21 days. Funeral services at- 
tended to by the writer. Jostati Bekki.y. 

HARSHBARGER.— Dec. 11 , 1883, in the Pleasant Hill 

church, Macoupin Co., HI, sister Catharine Harsh- 

barger, wife of J. W. Harshbarger, aged 55 years, i) 

months and 6 days. 

Deceased was a daugfiter of Michael Flory. She 

was born in Rockingham Co., Va., and married at 

same place to J. \V. Harshbarger, in 1849, and they 

both united with the church the same year. She was 

the mother of ten children, three of whom preceded her 

to the other world. Funeral services by David Kinimel 

and Javan Gibson from 1 Thess. 4: 15. 

E G. Zu«. 

LONG. — In the Aughwick congregation, Huntingdon 
Co., Pa., Dec. 31, T883, Bro. Eli Long, aged 38 years, 
5 months and 15 days. Funeral services by Eld. 
James R. Lane 

HORNISH— In the Poplar Ridge church, Defiance, O., 
Nov. 27, Bro. John Homisb, aged 59years, 10 months, 
and 27 days. 
Deceased was born in Montgomery Co., O., Dec. 30, 
1823, came to Defiance Co. in 1834, where he lived un- 
til his death. Funeral conducted by Bio. S. Long and 
the writer to a large audience. R. K. Bejikeybtle, 

ROYER.— In Ephrata congregation, Pa., Di c. 17, s's- 

ter Elizabeth Royer, aged 81 years, 6 months and 11 


Deceased was the wife of John Royer, who died 

some time ago. Funeral services by Eld. Sam. Harley 

and Is. Henger. She was the mother of five children, 

and Uvea with her son John in Ephrata. She died in 

the full assurance of faith. J. R. K. 

ANDES. — D.c. 19th in theBiooklyn congregation, Pov. - 
eskeik Co., la , si ttr Call annr, wife of Bro. J. F. 
An 'es, agui 40 .\cars and 4 months. 
Deceased was a daughter of Bro. Samuel Niswan- 
der, and formerly resided in Virginia. Having died 
with cancer in the breast, her miferirg was beyond de- 
scription. She called for the elders and was anointed 
with oil a few weeks prior to her death. Funeral ser- 
vices by brethren S. P. Miller and H. R Taylor. Text, 
Rev. 2: 10. Jestina Miller. 

HILDEBRAND— In the Bethel church, Holt Co., Mo , 

Dec. 9, 1883, Bro. Henry Hildebrand, aged about G5 


Bro. Henry was born in Hanover, Germany in 1818. 

He emigrated to America when 18 years of age, and 

settled in 81 enandoah Co., Va. He was married to 

Elizabeth Glick about 1815 and united with the church 

in the same year He moved to Missouri in 1857, when 

the church was first organized at this place. He seivvd 

the church faithfully ii i he cffi'ce of deacon. He vai 

the father of ten children, seven of v>hom survive him. 

He was akind and iiffectionate father, husband, bioth- 

er and neighbor. Funeral services by Bio. P. E Wliit- 

rner, from Rev. 14: 13. 

HARRINGTON.— In the bounds of the same church, 
Dec. 12, Wm. Harrington, aged 23 years, 3 months 
and 'Id days. Funeral services by Wiu. O. Gardner 
of the Christian church. 

SELLERS. — Also, in the same neighborhcod, of pleuro- 
pneumonia, John W. Selders, aged about 89 years. — 
Funeral sei vices by Rey. Smith of the Methodist 
church, J. R. Keller. 

SMELTZER.— In the Arcadia church, Ind., Dec £6, 
of softening of the brain, Harvey Oscar, only child of 
Bro. Eli and sister Martha. Smeltzer, aged -t years. 10 
months and 6 days. Funeral by Ero. John II. Cay- 
lor to a large concourse of sympathize! s, fiorn Job 1 : 
21. Joseph Kinder. 

WINGER.— At Longmoiit, Colo.. Dec. 13. William 
Williard Winger, ag< d 11 years, 2 months and 2 daj h. 
Funeral by Rro. Ba,sbor and the writer, to a large and 
sympathizing audience. G. W. Fe-ler. 



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Mt. Morris 111., Tan. 15, 1SS4. 

Tff :r.E was one addition of late to the 
Creek church, Inch 

1 si Antioch church, Ind., lately received 
six by baptism, and two were restored. 

There were nine added by baptism re- 
cently, to the English Prairie church, Ind. 

Bbo. Wm. G. Cook, of Plymouth, Ind., 
expects to emigrate to Dakota in the Spring. 

Bbo. D. M. "Wise reports thirteen additions 
to the Yellow Creek church, Ind., since New 

Bbo. Solomon Buckalew held meetings 
in the Waddains Grove congregation last 

Week before last, the thermometer in 
Northern Illinois went down to 41 degrees 

Bbo. J. B, Lair, of Andrews, Ind., expects 
to visit parts of Southern Kansas the first of 
I bruary. 

Thebe were three'added to the Salomony 
church, Ind., by baptism, at the beginning of 
the N ew Year. 

The four great Bible Societies of Great 
Britain and America last year issued 4,989,- 
-.-. of the Scriptures. 

B ethren recently closed a series of 
\ ■-. in Amherst Co., Va., with twelve 
additi . - ...■■■. reclaimed. 

of religions denominations in 
Mar not legally receive legacies 

without the of the Legislature. 

L i well to your paper, for an article en- 
^ ; r. !J from the pen of Pro. Lewis 
W. Teeter, which will appear ere long. 

] . Milleb, of South Bend, 

Ind, aft go ; - month preaching in 

,, returned to bis home, January Lst. 

7th he again entered the field, and 

till at work in Ohio. 

Newperx, Tenn., has a law that imposes a 
fine of not less than $25 or more than $50 on 
any person who goes into a saloon on Sunday. 

Bro. B. F. Moomaw says: "Without contro- 
versy we know that the Savior and apostles 
wept, but we have no account of them laugh- 


Many of those who read Bro. J. S. Flory's 
letter this week, will feel much inclined to- 
wards that lovely region in Southern Cali- 

Two were added by baptism to the Hickory 
Grove church, Ind., during Bro. Thurston 
Miller's series of meetings, held there re- 

The Attorney-General of Illinois has giv- 
en his opinion that the sale of the vile "Po- 
lice Gazette' and similar papers is a crimi- 
nal offence. 

Brethren Abraham Molsbee, G. C. Bow- 
man, F. W. Dove, and James Hilbert, are 
the evangelists in Eastern Tennessee for the 
present year. 

Geo. W. Cripe is booked for a series of 
meetings, to commence Jan. 25, 1884, at the 
Brethren's meeting-house in the village of 
Cornell, Livingston Co., 111. 

Fifteen were baptized during a series of 
meetings held by brethren Silas Hoover and 
Jacob Heistand, in the Dunkirk, Old Eagle 
Creek and Pleasant Ridge churches, Ohio. 

The superstitious residents and the ne- 
groes of North Texas are so agitated over the 
red lights in the West, that revivals have 
sprung up all over that part of the State, and 
the churches are so crowded that there is not 

The English Palestine Exploration Socie- 
ty have sent out five scientific gentlemen to 
make a geological survey of the country ly- 
ing between the Dead Sea and the Gulf of 
Akaba on the Red Sea. It is also proposed 
that they include the whole Jordan Valley in 
their exploration. 

One of our contributors, whose articles are 
always welcome, says: "Whenever I overstock 
you with MS., drop me a card, and I will 
blow off steam, and let down brakes. It is my 
spirit, the more I preach, the more I want to 
preach, and the more I write, the more I want 
to write. One sermon suggests the subject for 
another, and so with writing." 

Bishop Taylor beautifully remarks: "Pray- 
er is the key to open the day, and the bolt to 
shut in the night. But as the clouds drop 
the early dew and the evening clew upon the 
grass, yet it would not spring and grow green 
by that constant and double falling of the 
dew, unless some great shower at certain sea- 
sons did supply the rest — so the customary 
devotion of prayer twice a day is the falling 
of the early and later dew; but if you will 
increase and flourish in works of grace, emp- 
ty the great clouds sometimes and let them 
fall in a full show u* of prayer. Choose out 
seasons when prayer shall overflow, like Jor- 
dan in time of harvest." 

District Meetings should bear in mind 
that each district is entitled to but one mem- 
ber on the Standing Committee under the 
present arrangement. Delegates from Dis- 
trict Meetings to the Annual Meeting are en- 
tirely done away with. 

Sister Salome A. Stones reports that in 
her home church, Bethel, at their last quar- 
terly council, a sister was received by letter, 
and brethren Wm. Lawter, Thos. Everson, 
and Thos. Watkins were advanced to the sec- 
ond degree of the ministry. 

In the Washington Star, among the "Spe- 
cial Notices," recently appeared the follow- 
ing advertisement: "The prayers of God's 
people are most earnestly requested for the 
thorough purification of a young church, 
whose pastor and officers are inveterate to- 
bacco-users, much against the wishes of its 

Bro. J. G. Royer closed his meetings here 
last Sunday evening. His services among 
us were greatly appreciated. His simple 
manner of preaching takes well, and gives 
the best of satisfaction. He is not sufficient- 
ly recovered from his overwork last Winter, 
to enter the school-room, but seems to be rap- 
idly improving. 

The mother-in-law of Bro. Marshall En- 
nis was burned to death on the 26 th ult. She 
and her son, a young man, were living in 
Morgan Co., Mo. Her son was away during 
the day, helping a neighbor to make fence, 
and in the evening when he returned to his 
mother" s house, he found her lying iu a tub 
of water with her clothes all burned from her 
body. The deceased was about 85 years of 

It is to be feared that there a- e too many 
ministers not in the field this Winter. We 
do not mean traveling ministers, but those 
who are not preaching in their home congre- 
gations. The home ministers might well 
conduct a few series of meetings in their im- 
mediate localities. It is not always best to 
wait for help from other ministers, nor is it 
by any means necessary. Ministers some- 
times plead their inability and weakness. 
But they can do a little, and a little work 
from each of the nearly 2000 ministers in the 
Brotherhood would make a grand work. We 
hope each one will make the proper effort. 

There is but one moment fully in our 
hands, and that is the present. If we lose it ? 
it is gone forever, and with it has flown the 
opportunity it brought. The next has its own 
mission, and cannot bear the burdens of the 
past. We must move quickly if we would 
keep ourselves fresh and bright for the la- 
bors of love tha; lie before us. They come 
in series, each link of which presents itself 
once and no more. If we do not seize it, it 
vanishes; another may rise in its place, but 
the one we have dropped we can never re- 
store. Life demands, in all its phases, 
prompt, decisive action, and in no.respect 
more than in fulfilling good intentions. To 
loiter in this is to fritter them away; to post- 
pone them is to banish them. 



Bbc. J. J. Solomon, of Shoals, Ind., would 
like to Lave the address of members living in 
Perry Co., Ind., or Caldwell Co., Kentucky. 

The District Meeting of East Tennessee, 
recommends that all the congregations care- 
fully examine the Eevised Minutes, and report 
the results at the next District Meeting. She 
also recommends that efforts be made to carry 
on mission work more fully, and that the 
evangelists be supported more liberally by 
the church. 


The Weekly Inter Ocean says: There are 
some remarkable ruins about four miles 
south-east of Magdalena, Mexico, in the State 
of Sonora, which have of late attracted a 
good deal of notice. There is among these 
one pyramid, with a base of 4,320 feet square 
and an elevation of 750 feet. It has a wind- 
ing roadway, leading by an easy grade from 
bottom to top, wide enough for carriages. 
This is several miles long. In the sides of 
this mountain, as one ascends, he passes hun- 
dreds of chambers cut in the solid rock, with 
walls, floor, and ceiling hewn to an even pre- 
cision truly remarkable. These chambers 
vary in size from five to ten, sixteen, and even 
eighteen feet square. There are no windows 
and but one entrance, which is always from 
the top. The height of the ceiling, usually, 
is eight feet. The walls are covered in places 
with hieroglyphics and figures of men and 
animals. In some places feet and hands of 
human beings are found cut in the rock. 
Who constructed these dwellings is not now 
certainly known. Some claim that they were 
the ancestors of the ancient Aztecs or Toltecs. 
It is not improbable that they are the re- 
mains of ancient Zuni tribes. 


By invitation the elders of Northern Illi- 
nois, met with the church at Lanark, last 
week, to aid the members in adjusting some 
dissatcif actions. The meeting passed off very 
encouragingly; not one unkind word was 
said during the entire investigation. After 
the decision was rendered, it was cheerfully 
accepted by the church, restoring, we trust, 
good feeling and placing the church in an at- 
titude to work more understandingly, and, we 
think, much more harmoniously. 

The elders do not, as a whole, maintain 
that it is wrong to attend meetings held by 
either of the elements that went off from the 
church; yet they would not encourage it, but 
hold that those who take part in such meet- 
ings in a manner so as to encourage them in 
their division work, violate Rom. 16: 17, 
which says, "Mark them which cause offenses 
contrary to the doctrine which ye have learn- 
ed, and avoid them." And, if after being 
properly instructed and admonished, they do 
not heed this Scripture, it will then be the 
duty of the church to deal with them accord- 
ing to 2 Thess. 3: 6, which requires the 
church to withdraw from every brother that 

walketh disorderly. Their aim is to save all 
the members, and yet adhere strictly to the 
principles of the Brotherhood. They hold 
that much may be accomplished by showing 
great kindness towards those who may not 
see all things in the light that the church 
has seen proper to decide, hence take special 
pains to instruct them. They always appeal 
direct to the Scriptures in support of their 
decisions. Their course, we think, is giving 
quite general satisfaction, and in their work 
they seem quite unanimous. 

They also rendered a decision which we 
give in this connection, for the purpose of 
calling the attention of the elders of the 
Brotherhood to the subject. "It is not expe- 
dient for an elder to attempt to read a mem- 
ber out of the church, without first consult- 
ing the church on that point." That is, if 
the church decides that a member does 
wrong, and should make an humble confes- 
sion, and then refuses to do so, the elder has 
no Gospel authority to tell him that he is no 
more a member, etc. He must first take the 
vote of the church on that point, and if the 
church decides that the disobedient member 
shall be expelled, then the elder may so an- 
nounce it to the erring brother. It is the 
duty of the elder to act as the servant of the 
church and labor to execute her decisions. 

We give expression to the above, to avoid 
the necessity of writing an article on that sub- 
ject, as we have for some time thought some- 
thing ought to be said regarding it. But 
when our aged elders gave expression to 
their views, regarding the duties of elders, 
we 'thought, the publishing of their ideas 
would have a very good effect, and we 
hope the elders generally will give the sub- 
ject proper attention. J. H. M. 


At Bismark Grove the Annual Meeting of 
1883 passed the following, which takes the 
place of the mandatory decision of 1882: 

All queries sent to A. M. for decision, shall, in all cas- 
es be decided according to the Scriptures, where there 
is any direct "thus saith the Lord" applying to the 
question; and all questions to which thee is no express 
Scrip ure applying, shall be decided according to the 
spirit and meaning ot the Scripture, and that decision 
shall be the rule of all churches for such cases as the 
decisions may cover, and all members who will hinder 
or oppose such decisions, shall be held as not hearing- the 
church, and shalL be dealt with accordingly. This de- 
ci-ion shall not be so constiued as to prevent the A. M., 
from giving advice when it deems it proper to do so, and 
that given as advice, shall so be entered upon the Min- 

If the A. M. will carry out the above to 
the letter, there will be very few errors in 
her decisions. In the first place, she has 
pledged herself to decide all questions pre- 
sented to her, according to the Scriptures, 
where there is any direct " thus saith the 
Lord," applying to the case. Any decision 
having for its support a direct " thus saith 
the Lord," ought to be the rule of all the 
churches, not because the A, M. says so, but 

because the Gospel demands it, and any man 
who is not willing that a decision of that 
character should be carried out, as the Gos- 
pel demands, is a man who is not willing to 
receive the Gospel as his rule of faith and 
practice. Anything having for its support a 
"thus saith the Lord," is the law of the Lord 
and ought to be enforced everywhere. 

Secondly, when there is an absence of any 
express Scripture applying in the case; then 
the decisions must be according to the mean- 
ing and spirit of the Gospel. They should 
be enforced to the extent demanded by the 
spirit of the Gospel. It would be difficult to 
frame two propositions more in harmony 
with the Scriptures, nor do we see the_ least 
necessity of the Annual Meeting erring, so 
long as she adheres strictly to the letter of 
this mandatory act as quoted above. Neither 
the Annual Meeting, nor any other religious 
body, has the power to make anything a test 
of fellowship which the Gospel does not so 
demand. If the plain "thus saith the Lord," 
or the spirit of the Gospel requires certain 
conduct upon the part of members, it is the 
duty of the church to so decide, and in like 
manner carry out. But if the Gospel is si- 
lent respecting a matter, it is the duty of the 
A. M., to remain equally silent; or, at least, 
go no further than the giving of advice. It 
seems to us that the Moderator of each fut- 
ure Annual Meeting ought to dwell with con- 
siderable emphasis on the importance of de- 
ciding all questions by a "thus saith the 
Lord," or the spirit of the Gospel, as de- 
manded by the mandatory decision of 1883. 
He ought to do his utmost to hold the meet- 
ing to the plain meaning of that decision; for 
a departure from it will most assuredly in- 
volve the meeting in grave errors. Some are 
urging its repeal, fearing the A. M. will 
make decisions that the Gospel do not de- 
mand. We are in favor of leaving it stand 
and then urge, the A. M. to obey it to the 
letter, thus saving her from making mis- 
takes which she might otherwise commit. It 
should be distinctly remembered that the 
decision is designed to govern the Annual 
Meeting, to prevent her from laying burdens 
on the churches, which the Gospel does not 
demand. Repeal this act and you take away 
a very important restraint. Leave the re- 
straint stand, and hold the meeting to it, is 
the advice we give. If all religious bodies 
had adopted this restraint, there would be 
less error in the church of to-day. Hereto- 
fore we think the A. M. has not had a suffi- 
cient amount of restraint, and now, since 
she has circumscribed her power by taking 
upon herself the restraint, that no decisions 
are to be made the rule of the churches, 
s?ve those demanded by the plain "thus saith 
the Lord," or the spirit of the Gospel, we 
again repeat, leave the restraint stand. It is 
for the good of the A. M., that that act was 
passed. J. H. M. 




Ar . our meetings near Comp- 

>, some 25 miles south- 

and on our arrival there 
dyed by brother and sister 
y with whom Ave spent nearly a week 
stings in the Christian church 
m Brother and sister Riely have been 
living at that place for some years, hoping 
\ that the Brethren would come 
in a i s settlement and thus dis- 

principles of the Gospel here, 
where souls are as precious as anywhere. — 
ugh all those long years of patience and 
m the church, those dear mem- 
ntinned faithful, once attending 
a fe?.:-: to Stanislaus county, and once spend- 
• aimer in their old neighborhood in 
d Indiana. "We think now the time 
has come when the Brethren should come in- 
3 : uthern California and commence a mis- 
ry work by settling here, and preach- 
ing by example as well as by precept. — 
Taking all things into consideration, this is 
:i ihe most desirable places to live, I 
have ever been in. The climate is most ex- 
cellent and especially adapted to good health 
and longevity. The temperature is of an 
equitable nature: seldom any freezing weath- 
er, more than an occasional frost in Winter. 
The sea breezes and the snowy mountains to 
the north give a healthy tone to the air. 

As to the advantages of living here, peo- 
ple can have all kinds of vegetables and 
fruits, meats and grain, fresh the year around. 
It h=;S been said, and with much truth, that 
ten acres of good land here, are worth as 
much to make a living thereof and to spare, 
- 10 acres in Illinois, Iowa or Kansas. — 
lands hero are being cut up into ten and 
aty acre lots or less, and mostly put in 
fruit, such as oranges, lemons, limes, apples, 
- . apricots, plums, figs, olives, nuts, 
:e. I have seen a number of ten 
acre lots set out in fruits, nicely fixed up," 
with residence and beautiful surroundings 
that sell for one thousand dollars per acre 
and even more, and it only takes five to sis 
years to get those small farms into a paying 
oi less when set in grapes. 
Bro. Riely took me around through the 
.try. and what we saw was marvelous in 
our eyes. Such lovely homes, and the whole 
surrounding country getting to be a land of 
fruits and flowers. We learned that a vine- 
>ld will produce enough 
sold or made into raisins to nett 
LOO per acre; in orange or other 
fru: to eight years, the owner 

■■-. net income of $200 to $300 per 

be attended to by one, man, 

■: tl ( .'■ g of the crop. Unirn- 

' in the neighborhood of good 

all the advai of so- 

i / be enjoyed, can bi 

200 per acre. We hope 

great field 

it be done, and that 

.:-. it. The pe- 

srities of tl timilar to that 

of Palestine in many respects, and the coun- 
try is filling up at a surprising rate. More 

Los Angeles, CaL, Dee. 29. 



As I have been sitting to-night by the 
fire-side, my mind is meditating upon the 
past, and studying the responsibilities toward 
God and man. They crowd themselves into 
my mind in profusion, and I know my in- 
ability to meet them all in my strength 
aloue. They are many, and a good share of 
them require much self-denial, patience and 
Christian forbearance. 

No doubt most of the readers of this arti- 
cle, upon reflection, will find themselves sur- 
rounded with similar circumstances. We 
should often council, and study the paths be- 
fore irs, and the besetments and duties of 
each, and the ultimate ends of both. 

Our minds could be employed very fre- 
quently and profitably in holding self-exam- 
inations. I firmly believe if we would hold 
one every time that we should do so, there 
would be fewer examinations of the Breth- 
ren and our neighbors. We are no better 
qualified to judge another's conduct than 
that of our own. It has been said that 
"When I was a child, I acted as a child; but 
when I became a man, I put away childish 
things." No doubt we all remember when 
we were children that we were told what our 
duties were, that it was wrong to do so and 
so. W r e have often been instructed in the 
way by others besides our parents, and in 
them we would see some actions that would 
not have the influence they should have*. — 
How we passed the then slowly passing 
hours in childish glee, often wishing we were 
'•big'' so we could do as we please, and bear 
rule over the following generations. How 
many such ambitious hopes have -been swept 
away by revolutions of thought and changes 
of circumstances! And many of us are to- 
day looking at the work before us with a 
more serious air. The moments now glide 
too swiftly by, to congratulate ourselves with 
cherished hope and vain desires. 

Such is the strait in which I, for one, am 
placed. Each year apparently grows short- 
er and we have just crossed the threshold of 
another year. The year 1883 has been buri- 
ed in-the eternal past, and with it have pass- 
e 1 away no less than forty million of souls. 
The time v/as when they made their appear- 
ance on the stage of action, but they have 
gone to try the realities of an unknown 
eternity. Those who brighten and burn in 
the realms of immortality, have heaven se- 
cured, beyond a possibility of a reversion of 
their destiny. And those that have defamed 
the temple will have the writhing in inter- 
minable perdition. 

Such is the history of the past- year in its 

contributions to the two worlds of eternity, 

and it will certainly be duplicated during the 

ient year. Time is ever on the wing. — 

J I is march through the roll of ages' has in- 

deed been swift, and the present hour is Dot 
less fleet than has been the past. Though 
the work of man may cease, he has never 
paused, never has any intermission. He has 
Bounded the death-knell of almost twenty 
generations of the world and witnessed the 
burial of unnumbered millions of our race, 
and yet to-day he wields his iron scepter over 
the human family with as firm a hand as ev- 

Triumphant with the spoils of the past, he 
employs his fatal scythe in cutting down and 
burying the sons and daughters of Adam. — 
"Time shall be no more," will end his peo- 
pling the charnel houses of earth. And how 
few read aright the record of time in earth, 
and learn life's truest wisdom from the 
mournful triumphs that attest his fearful 
power on every hand! We see monuments 
erected in every graveyard, and all the fa- 
miliar objects that lie in. the walks around 

So silently has this all been done that we 
cannot realize it. Time is fleeting and car- 
rying us with it; but how little do we feel its 
passage and ours, into eternity. So noise- 
lessly do we speed away that we are hardly 
conscious of our being so near the solemn 

If the heathen emperor, Titus, who made 
every day count to the happiness of his sub- 
jects, could look back over the history of 
twenty-four hours, and, with bitter regret, 
exclaim, "I have lost a day," what should be 
the relation of the Christian's conscience to 
the question of "lost time" ? The sacred or- 
acles earnestly teach that he must redeem 
time by doing good to his fellow-men. With 
fearful responsibilities are thousands in the 
Church of God rushing on the score of "un- 
redeemed time"! No good man can lose a 
day, because there would be so much lost in 
the progress of religion, virtue and happi- 

The day that was lost in the history of 
many a professor was followed by the still 
more terrible loss of the soul of a friend, or 
of a neighbor, whose salvation under God 
might have been the achievement of a well- 
spent day. That day is lost, indeed, in which 
the Christian neither does nor gets any good, 
and eternity will so declare it. How many 
such days, dear reader, can you count over in 
the past year? Strmmon back those days 
during the new }~ear, in which to cultivate 
your Christian graces and use your influence 
toward the furtherance of the cause of Christ 
among men. Happy are the}' who can review 
the closing year and find no lost days! To 
such this will be a happy New Year. 

But if there be blanks in that moral histo- 
ry of the past, let us learn the value of time 
by seeing the amount of work to be done and 
how important it is to make our moments 
count better for the future. There should be 
a mighty inspiration for the cause of heaven, 
because we have but little time in which to 

Let us look to what is to be done for our- 
selves and our fellow-men in relation to the 
solemn point when all our work must cease — 
the orave. If we do this, we will complete 



for ourselves a noble history at the end of 
the year, should we live to see it, and should 
we fall beneath death's stroke, we shall have 
a glorious reward in heaven. 

"Whatsoever thy hand findeth to do, do it 
with thy might; for there is no work, nor de- 
vice, nor knowledge, nor wisdom in the grave 
whither thou goest." He who makes this 
motto the rule of his Christian life, "living 
or dying is the Lord's," will find no time to 
lose in following the many devices of the 
world's king. 

Again, there is no doubt but there are some 
among the readers of the Messenger who 
have never rightly valued time. I am glad, 
in one sense, and that is, you have enough 
respect for truth and right to read good lit- 
erature; yet I feel sad when I think of the 
good that remains undone that you might do, 
were you to choose the royal path and accept 
the Words of Life as your only guide. Have 
you ever traced your relationship to happi. 
ness and heaven? If not, we would affec- 
tionately say, it is high time to wake out of 
sleep and make a start for the skies. 

This is the New Year and is suggestive of 
a change in the mode of life. If unrenewed 
by grace, your record is dark with the stain 
of guilt and sin. The best life on earth is a 
failure without the religion of the Godman, 
that died a ransom for your souls. We are 
told that "there is a way that seemeth right 
to a man, but_ the end of it is death." Then 
rely not on your goodness or morality, but 
place perfect reliance upon the meritorious 
righteousness of Christ and you will be safe 
now and forever. The way that seemeth 
right is death, while Christ is the way of 


The sands of life are rapidly ebbing away 
with you. This year thou shalt die, with 
thousands of the human race, and that num- 
ber may include YOU. The hour of death is 
somewhere between now and the last day of 
December of 1884. Be wise, then; enter the 
Master's vineyard, and work in earnest for 
the salvation of your own soul and for the 
welfare of your fellow-men. 

As coid water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far 

From Maurertown, Va. — Dec. 

On the evening of the 15th inst., we" com- 
menced a series of meetings in the north 
end of Page county, in a location where the 
Brethren have been preaching but little. — 
Oar meeting closed on the 19th, with an ad- 
dition of eight souls who professed Christ, 
and expressed a willingness to follow him in 
his teachings. This little church now num- 
bers ten. E. B. Shaver. 

From Panther Creek, la, 

Two more tender lambs have entered into 
the fold of Christ, at this place, since my 
last report, and two other applicants. Hope 
they may be nourished and fed with the sin- 
cere milk of the Word, that they may grow 

in grace and the knowledge of the Lord. — 
Bro. Wyland preached eight interesting ser- 
mons for us, wherein he gave us very whole- 
some instruction, that will be well for us to 
heed. J. S. Shaeffer. 

From Yellow Creek Church, Elkhart Co,, 
Ind.— Jan. (5. 

Our church is enjoying peace and union. 
Brethren John Metzler and Peter Stuckman 
commenced a series of meetings on Oct. 23, 
and continued till the extremely cold weather 
came upon us. We had a good meeting, and 
the Word of Life was so powerfully demon- 
strated that it caused sinners to move. It 
was made so plain that sinners could not fail 
to see their duty. Thirteen have been added 
to the church by confession and baptism. 
Hiram Boose, Sec'y. 

Wakarusa, Ind. 

District Meeting', 

The District Meeting of the Middle Dis- 
trict of Indiana will be held at the Spring 
Creek meeting-house, Kosciusco Co., Ind., 
Feb. 13, 1884, one mile north of Kinzie, on 
the Nickel Plate B. B. Brethren will stop 
off at Kinzie, and at Sidney, three miles 
south-west of the meeting-house, on the same 
road. Trains coining from the West are due 
at Kinzie at 12: 08 P. M. ; coming from the 
East at 3 : 15 P. M. Brethren coming on the 
Pittsburg road, will stop off at Pierceton, 
seven miles north of meeting-house. Those 
corning on the Eel Biver road will stop off at 
Colamer, or change at North Manchester and 
run to Clay Pool and come on the Nickel 
Plate B. B. Bobert Boss. 

From Itehoboth, Harrison Co., Intl. 
—Jan. 1, 188-t. 

We had a series of meetings, held by Bro. 
Andrew S. Gulp, from Monticbllo, White Co., 
Ind., who came to us on Dec. 20, by request 
of the church, and remained with us until 
the 31st. Bro. Andrew's preaching here has 
made good impressions. We also think sin- 
ners were sensibly impressed; one was made 
willing to come into the fold, and others, we 
hope, are counting the cost, which is far bet- 
ter than to come into the fold without first 
counting the cost. As we contemplated hav- 
ing a Love-feast while Bro. Andrew was 
among us, we met on the evening of the 29th, 
to engage in the things that Jesus did, when 
he said,* "Happy are ye if ye know these 
things and do them." We were made to feel 
that it was good to be there. J. K. B. 

From Bonsacks, Va.— Dec. SO, 1883. 

To-day closed a series of meetings at the 
Old Valley meeting-house in Botetourt Co., 
Va. The preaching, except a few sermons, 
was done by Eld. A. Hutchinson, of Missouri. 
In other ministrations, the entire congrega- 
tion performed an earnest and active part. — 
The meeting continued about three weeks, 
and resulted in the accession of thirty-three 
members by baptism. All the members pres- 
ent, numbering about one hundred and sixty, 

united on yesterday evening in the celebra- 
tion of the ordinances, which was much en- 
joyed by old and new members. Others are 
almost, and some altogether persuaded to be 
Christians. May the good Lord continue 
the good work. B. F. Moomaw. 

From Pleasant Valley Church, Mich. 
— Jan. 1. 

The next District Meeting of Northern 
Indiana is to be held here on the first Thurs- 
day in April, 1884. On Dec. 22, Bro. J. V. 
Felthouse, of Elkhart Valley church, and on 
Dec. 24, Bro. Alex. Miller came to us and 
preached sixteen sermons. They are both 
well qualified for the work and are not 
ashamed of the Gospel of Christ. They 
dealt out the Bread of Life to both saint and 
sinner. As an immediate result, the church 
was much revived and two precious souls 
united with the church in baptism, and some 
more were almost persuaded to leave the 
ranks of Satan. It was indeed a refreshing 
shower to us. Come again, brethren. 

A. A. Wise. 

White Pigeon, Mich. 

From Carthage, Mo.— Dec. 26. 

I preached eight discourses in Dallas 
county lately; had excellent attention. The 
appointments were made for three different 
places, so as soon as the interest got to be 
very good, we had to move to some other 
point. I do not think it best to change meet- 
ings from place to place, especially when 
there are not more than eight or ten meet- 
ings. There are only eleven members at this 
place, and they are without a minister and 
have had no preaching for two years. They 
live near Buffalo, the county-seat of Dallas 
county. Our last two meetings were held in 
the Presbyterian church at that place. Min- 
isters in the East who desire to locate in the 
West, will find some good land in Dallas Co., 
Missouri, that can be bought cheap, and will 
find loving brethren there also. Your labors 
are needed there very much. Address Da- 
vid Bollinger, Buffalo, Dallas Co., Mo. He 
is a deacon. I left Dallas county on the 11th 
for Pulaski county, a distance of sixty miles, 
accompanied by Br'n Bollinger and Duncan. 
As it was very necessary to have a council- 
meeting at this place, Bro. Solomon Stump, 
the minister, started on foot to invite the 
members to the council, a distance of twen- 
ty miles, and his son, also a brother, went in 
another direction, and Bro. Burrow went in 
another direction. They succeeded in get- 
ting most of the members to the council, al- 
though some had to cross the river on a boat, 
and leave their teams back. We visited all 
the members and found much love and zeal 
manifested. Held a choice for one speaker 
and several deacons. Bro. Abraham Boda- 
baugh was <'hosen to the ministry. Br'n 
Burrow, Loveland and Stump, as deacons. — 
After the Brethren were together they decid- 
ed to hold a Love-feast, which was on the 
17th. This was a happy season for all pres- 
ent. Some had been in the church four or 
five years, and had never had the pleasure of 



ling a Love-feast before. We think 
the Brethren here are now in a good v.ork- 
iitiou. Bra S. Stump, minister in 
the s legree, and A. Bodabaugk to as- 

This is a thinly settled country; will 
more than one family to a sec- 
tion of land. Brethren traveling West over 
San Francisco B. B.. should stop and 
preach for them. Address 8. Stump, 
Waynesville, Bolaski Co., Mo. On our re- 
turn we preached in Leclede county, Missou- 

the fundamental doctrines of the church: 
we did by request. Had the best of at- 
tention, and of necessity had to be lengthy. 
Her. - good opening for building up a 
ehnrch. There is a request now to come and 

.nister baptism. I had to think, while 

traveling over such a vast scope of country, 

not stop and preach everywhere? While 

on my trip 1 made it my business to talk re- 

_ a everywhere, and by doing so, I found 

- :'ered overall the counties, that 

1 among the Brethren in the East, and 
who say it is the church of their choice. Here 
is an opening for ministers. You are needed 
in Pulaski, Leclede, Dallas, Polk, and Dade 
counties, and we need a number more in Jas- 

a county. Arrived home the 2 1st, found 
all well, thank the Lord. 

Christian Holdeman. 

From Harrison County, Iutl. 

On the 19th of December last, Bro. A. S. 
Culp came to visit us and hold some meet- 
ings. On Friday evening we commenced 
meetings and continued till the 30th, although 
the roads were bad, we still had good meet- 
people were very attentive. One was 
baptized, and the church much encouraged; 
:hink many good impressions were 
made. Geo. TV. Myers. 

From Linganore, Md.— Dee. 31. 

[aye returned from a visit on the 25th, 
among the Brethren in Lancaster, Lebanon, 
and Dauphin counties, Pa., where I spent two 
-ry pleasantly, and I hope profitably. 
I attended meetings at Mountville, Peters- 
.- and Lphrata. From there I went to 
atain Park, Dr. B. Walter's health in- 
stitute; found considerable iuipiovements 
; since I left there, July, 1882, and in a 
flouri-shing condition. I spent one night 
with thern, and was kindly received. From 
to Richland, where I met Bro. 
) took me to his new home, Klein- 
felter-sville, Lebanon county. Spent the 
lay of the week with thern. Attended 
- meetir s a many different places. — 

• 24th, he took me to Master- 
county, where; we remain- 
her till Friday, holding meetings in 
•--ting-house, recently built. 
ay, i left them for the Big Swata- 
ght with Bro. C. JT. Bals- 
sry pleasantly, and at least profita- 

still suffering, but in a 

I talk than J i i met 

hin. hly rewarded for my 

visit, and obtained some p i pearls. — 

I i<:, y much that more of his produc- 

tions do not appear in print. Held two meet- 
ings at Homerstown. Came to Harrisburg 
that night, through the sleet. On the morn- 
ing the trains were so delayed that we did 
not get away till after the middle of the day; 
consequently did not get farther than 
Waynesboro, Franklin county. Tuesday I 
started for home, and at Frederick Junction 
met Bro. Geo. Bucker, on his way to our 
place, where he has been ever since, and on 
Friday, Bro. E. W. Stoner came and joined 
us. They are doing good work, and we look 
for the blessing of the Lord to attend their 
labors, and receive all the glory. 

J. D. Trostle. 

Mission Work in Pennsylvania. 

By request of the Mission Board, of the 
Western District of Pennsylvania, accompa- 
nied by Bro. Hiram Musselman, I visited the 
northern part of the District, going as far as 
Montgomery church. On our way back we 
took in Cokeviile and Boliver, and arrived at 
Johnstown on the 20th of December, which 
closed our mission, excepting our journey 
home from Johnstown. We were very kind- 
ly received and cared for by all whom we 
met, and brought on our way, for which they 
have our sincere thanks, and our prayers for 
the blessing of God in their behalf. We 
visited twenty-six families, and preached 
twelve sermons. At two points which we vis- 
ited, Ave could not have public preaching; the 
Brethren there have to depend on school- 
houses and churches of other denominations 
if they want public preaching. It happened 
when w r e were there, that they could not get 
the use of any of those houses. All the 
members whom we visited, seemed to have an 
attachment to the church, and all who ex- 
pressed their sentiments, (with one excep- 
tion,) expressed a willingness to remain with 
the church. In most of the localities wdiich 
we visited, the prospects for the future pros- 
perity of the church were better than we had 
expected. Before returning to my home 
from Johnstown, I concluded to spend a few 
days in Johnstown, and Oonemaugh congre- 
gations. I went to Johnstown congregation 
on the 21st; had one meeting with the Breth- 
ren there. They had a series of meetings a 
short time before, with some additions, which 
gives them encouragement. On the 22nd I 
met some Brethren from the Conemaugh 
congregation who took me to their meeting- 
house at the Ebensbury pike; had preaching 
that evening and the next day at 11 o'clock 
and in the evening had preaching at Horner 
meeting-house. On the 24th I started for 
home, but on account of the snow I did not 
get there till about 5 o'clock in the evening. 
Found all well, for which I feel to thank God 
and take courage. Valentine Blough. 

From Pleasant Valley Church .—Jan. 3. 

We commenced a series of meetings on 
the 22nd of December, and continued until 
the 30th. Br'n E. Miller and J. V. Felthouse 
did the preachiug. They preached the Gos- 
pel with power. Two precious young souls 
e made willing to turn in with the people 

of God, and were baptized on the last day of 
the meeting. We believe that others were 
almost persuaded to become Christians. We 
hope they will not forget the good impres- 
sions that were made, but may they be made 
willing while in their youth to turn to Christ 
and accept the terms of the Gospel and be 
saved, is our prayer. C. ScHRor k. 

From Upper Stillwater, O.— •Tan. 4. 

Bro. W. H. Boggs commenced a series of 
meetings at this place last Saturday; preach- 
ed at 10 A. M. and in the evening, but we 
are sorry he cannot stay longer than this 
evening. Several other brethren dropped in 
and helped him. There were two baptized, 
and we think there are others almost persuad- 
ed. The members seem to be revived. The 
weather was very stormy and cold since 
Tuesday, so the congregations were not so 
large. S. D. Roter. 

Our Mission to Lackawanna County, 
Pa.— Dec. 25. 

I left my home, December 7th and met 
Bro. H. E. Light, at Beading, at 11 A. M.— 
Took passage for Scranton, arriving in the 
evening, and lodged there; next morning left 
Scranton for Dalton, the end of our railroad 
travel. Bro. H. Cordner met us with a very 
hearty welcome, took us to his home and 
place of our meeting in the school-house near 
by, where meetings commenced on Saturday 
evening, the 8th, with small attendance be- 
cause of the inclement weather. Sunday 
morning went to the Baptist church and Bi- 
ble Blass; Sunday evening they lifted their 
appointment in our favor. We had full at- 
tendance at the school-house and good inter- 
est. We continued on through the week, ex- 
cept on Tuesday evening. The best of feel- 
ing seemingly prevailed. Our visit was made 
very pleasant by receiving and accepting 
many invitations of visiting the friends in 
the community, and our visit could not have 
been more pleasant; their care for us, and 
respect shown to us, could not have been 
better in an organized church, among 
our own members, for which may the Lord 
abundantly bless them. Our meeting closed 
Sabbath evening, the 16th; had nine meet- 
ings in all, and while no immediate fruits 
were manifested, we feel that good seed has 
been sown, and good impressions made.— 
The brethren and sisters were much encour- 
aged, warm attachments formed, and a good 
interest enlisted. Bro. H. E. Light, princi- 
pally, did the preaching. We think that 
the prospects are good; the way opened for 
the Brethren to get a foothold for a church 
in this new field, in the near future. 

Jacob Conner, 
H. E. Light. 

From Eglon, W. Ya- Dec. SO. 

Bro. T. B. Digman was called to oui place 
to preach the funeral of my dear sister Mar- 
tha, who had changed time for eternity the 
day previoua. By request he stayed with us 
and continued the meetings day and night, 



until Sunday morning, when he preached 
the funeral of the writer's little girl, who had 
died sometime previous. After the funeral, 
Bro. Digman gave an invitation, and three 
young women came forward. Thus in the 
midst of great sorrow, there is joy on seeing 
siuners turn to God. May our Heavenly Fa- 
ther give them grace to hold out faithful to 
the end. Instead of wasting our energies in 
looking up each other's errors, let us study 
to know ourselves, and let us try, from 
henceforth, to use every effort to the salva- 
tion of our children, -our neighbors and our 
neighbors' children. Jonas Fike. 

From Clear Creek CImreli, Huntington 
Co., Intl.— Jan. 4. 

"VVe commenced a meeting on the evening 
of December 20th. Owing to bad weather, 
the congregations were not large in the com- 
mencement. Bro. I. J. Rosenberger came to 
us according to previous arrangement on 
Christmas night, and continued until New 
Year's night. Closed with one addition. — 
Others seem near the kingdom. The church 
was much edified. We will commence an- 
other meeting at another point, January 5th. 

D. Hodgden. 

From the New Haven Church, Mich. 
— Jan. 3. 

The Brethren of the New Haven church 
are nearly all seemingly satisfied, at this 
time, to stay in the old ship. It is certainly 
very unwise for us to step off the old ship, 
unless we know that we are getting on a bet- 
ter one. Since our last Communion (lBth 
of June, ) we received four into the church 
by baptism. The last one received was a 
man by the name of Myers, nearly fifty years 
old. He was wrestling with disease for nine 
months, and some four weeks ago he wished 
to be received into the church by baptism, 
but he was too weak to be taken to a stream, 
so there was a place prepared near the house, 
where he was baptized, and seemed much re- 
vived. Eleazar Bosserman. 

From Greene, la.— Jan. 1. 

We have just closed a very interesting se- 
ries of meetings conducted by Bro. George 
Studebaker, of Illinois. Commenced on the 
27th of December, and continued over Sun- 
day. Good attention, good meetings, and 
good preaching. The members who attend- 
ed were mufih revived, and felt that it was 
good to sit under the droppings of the sanc- 
tuary. Bro. George preached the Word with 
power, and it had its effect on saint and sin- 
ner. One made the good confession and was 
baptized. J. F. Elkenberry. 

From Larking Factory, Va.— Dec. 25. 

At this season of the year we have no 
preaching on account of our preachers living 
so far from us; the nearest to us is some for- 
ty miles and the mountains to cross. Dur- 
ing the Summer the Brethren from Mill 
Creek in R.ckiugham and Page counties 

preach every fourth Sunday, leaving us with- 
out any preaching four and five months in 
the year. We have a good church 30x40 and 
most always good and attentive hearers. We 
would be glad and rejoice if the good Lord 
would send out laborers in this part of Vir- 
ginia, earnest workers for the cause, of the 
blessed Master. Address Larkins Factory, 
Madison Co., Va. Jas. H. Larkins. 

From Diller, Neh. 

I wish to correct a mistake in the Progres- 
sive Almanac. It has me down as one of 
their ministers, which I am not. I never 
was, nor do I know who ssnt in my name as 
such. Wm. Brandt. 

From Koiner's Store, Va.— Dec. 20. 

Br'n Joseph M. and Jno. A. Kline have 
just returned from Amherst Co., Va., where 
they had been preaching for about a week. 
They report good meetings, with twelve ad- 
ditions by baptism, and one reclaimed. The 
Brethren have not been working long in that 
section. Have a membership of about sev- 
enty-five. D. Yount. 

From Clarence, Iowa,— Jan. 6. 

Having been excused by Bro. Eby, of 
Waddams Grove, 111., I shall confine my labors 
this Winter to Iowa. If the Lord will, I shall 
goto State Center, la., Jan. 10th, and remain 
about one week, then go to Ivingley, Iowa, 
about the iGth, thence home. About Feb. 
8th, will goto Grundy Center, and from there 
to Cold Water church, Iowa. I had a pleas- 
ant sojourn with the Brethren at Sugar Creek 
and Cerro Gordo, 111., Dec. last. Had pleas- 
ant meetings. The feast at Cerro Gordo 
was well attended and the best of order pre- 
vailed: For the first time in my life, I took 
a towel, girded myself and then washed and 
wiped my brother's feet, in imitation of the 
real act of Jesus, our humble Master. As I 
had never practiced or seen practiced the 
single mode of feet-washing, it was with con- 
siderable anxiety that I observed the order 
of the feast at Cerro Gordo, 111. , and came 
away very favorably impressed. 

John Zuck. 
.-^» . — __ — 

From Majenica, Ind.— Jan., .2 

The Salomony church, Huntington Co., 
Ind., has just closed a series of meetings, 
which were interesting and we hope beneficial. 
The meetings commenced on the evening of 
Dec. 20th, and were conducted by our home 
ministers, until the evening of the 25th, when 
Bro. John W. South wood, of the Antioch con- 
gregation, came to our assistance. On that 
night we held a Communion service and al- 
though not so largely attended by members as 
our Fall or Spring Love-feasts usually are, 
it was a good meeting and richly enjoyed by 
those present. Bro. South wood stayed with us 
until the following Sunday evening, preaching 
at night, and visiting among the members dur- 
ing the day, doing much talking and praying 
with their families. A good interest was 

worked up, and the maetings closed when the 
interest was just getting at its best; they clos- 
ed too soon, but the state of Bro. South wood's 
health, the inclemency of the weather and the 
condition of the roads, made it advisable to 
close. The immediate results of the meeting 
were three additions by baptism. Many of 
the members were also much revived and al- 
together the meetings were a season of re- 
freshing from the Lord and we hope to reach 
the fruits of them in eternity. Eld. Samuel 
Murray's health is quite poor, so much so that 
he could not attend near all the meetings. 
He is nearly seventy-eight years of age. 

A. H. Snowberger. 

From Barnard, Nodaway Co., Mo.— Jan. 1. 

During the past month I have been preach- 
ing among the members living on the out- 
skirts of our congregation; was pleased to see 
a commendable zeal among them, and a de- 
sire to read the Messenger, but they are in 
rather limited circumstances, being of those 
who had ventured too far into Kansas and lost 
about all they had, and the crop being short 
this year, it takes all they have raised to keep 
their families. I, however, suggested that you 
had offered to send the Messenger to the poor 
for $1.00; even this all could not reach, so I 
send my own money, believing that the paper 
will prove a blessing to them. 


We commend Bro. Honberger's example, in 
trying to get others to take the Messenger, 
to all of our ministers. All isolated members 
ought to have the paper, and if they are poor 
like these Bro. H. refers to, let them have it 
at $1.00 rather than be without. We would 
that all elders and missionaries could see the 
importance of having their members read 
a religious paper published in the interest 
of the Brethren church. They will read 
something and if it is not for the church, it will 
be against it. A religious paper is one of 
of the expediencies that is now becoming a 
necessity. The world is pushing her papers, 
and we must push ours, or else it will be clear 
that the people of the world are wiser than 
the children of light. And if the paper is 
not just what it ought to be, we must keep 
working at it till we can make it better. If 
we all help a little, we may accomplish won- 
ders. — J. H. M. 

From Harlan, Iowa.— Jan 1. 

I left home Dec. 21th, 1883, for Milledge- 
ville, 111. Commenced meeting with the 
Brethren on the evening of the 25th, contin- 
uing until the evening of Jan. 1st, 1884. All 
through the meetings a good interest was 
manifested. We are glad to inform the read- 
ers of the Messenger, that we found a large 
body of good Brethren, contending for the 
faith once delivered to the saints. There 
were no additions to the church, but we think 
some pure minds were stirred up by way of 
remembrance. We feel thankful to the clear 
Brethren for their love, and fondly hope the 
Lord will abundantly reward them for the 
same. Stephen Yoder. 



From I.owisluirjr, Kan. 

1 bate no church news to send. Myhus- 

I and myself are the only neighbors living 

in this neigh. Bra Geo. Myers comes 

. h month. He gives 

tdesame advice. I think if we 

.•have more preaching, there would be 

We would like to have minis- 

g Brethren call and give us some meet- 


From Neosho Co,, Kan.— Jau. 1. 

. four inches of snow fell here on 

? day and night. AYeather so 

> the Fall and Winter very tine. 

ehureh seems alive to her interests. 

There have been no additions since our Feast 

last Fall. There also seems to be a good in- 

itsi le of the church. Our large 

"iug-house is generally well filled on 

meeting days. "We expect to commence a 

series of meetings Jan. 9. M. T. Bear, of the 

Paint Creek Church will be with us. 

M. 0. HoDGDEN. 

To the Friends of Education. 

Permit me to invite your attention to the 
Virginia Normal, situated at Bridge water in 
-iingham Co.,Ya. The school building 
is now so far finished as to accommodate the 
school of seventy-five or eighty students, and 
will probably be folly occupied the incoming 
jsion. It is situated about one-half mile 
from the town, on a beautiful eminence, af- 
fording a beautiful view of the surrounding 
country, and the river that flows by at a dis- 
tance of a few hundred yards. A more lovely 
country can scarcely be f ound,and the popula- 
tion such as will be admired by every lover 
of civility and a high standard of morality 
and Christianity. The ground when once 
supplied with suitable ornamentation will be 
'. and a more healthy and more desirable 
location can nowhere be found. The build- 
ing is made of good material and substantial- 
ly built, plain and neat, without any superflu- 
ous adornments or extravagant expenditures, 
ery way such as any Christian would ad- 
mire. The finances of the concern are in good 
.•ondition, with the prospect of meeting all 
liabilities in the near future. On the 21st 
the board of directors, together with 
faculty met in the chapel, and after a 
>f devotion, several addresses were 
delivered upon the subject of education. The 
ylent then in the chair, the house was 
d to order and organized for business; and 
I arif. . of part of two days, every- 

fcime being, ap- 
. V; to put the whole ma- 
chinery in working order. Among other 
thin;f tition wae prepared to secure a 

saiti ] >oking to the possibility of 

institution to ■■>. 

of tuition, board, 

owarate as possible, 

. id yet be 

rt from additional improve- 

time to time. 

: decided, 

that economy and frugality should be the rule 
in the management of everything pertaining 
to the school, so as to keep it within the limits 
of the recognized principles of our Brother- 
hood; =o that while the mind of the rising 
youth intrusted to its care is cultivated, that 
they be educated in the principles of pure 
Christianity. If there should be a departure 
from these principles, the building itself 
will be a monument, indicating the wisdom 
and prudence of those by whom it has been 
built. B. F. Moomaw. 

From White Rock Church, Kan. 

Since the 11th of Oct., 1883, this church 
has seen an increased zeal for divine princi- 
ples; and there now seems to be a genera 1 de- 
sire to labor for the upbuilding of each other. 
Recently several families moved in from Wis- 
consin, and one family, Bobert and Mary 
Norman from* Minn. We are glad to have 
members to come among us, and the prospects 
now are for quite a number of others to 
come soon, and we have reason to believe 
there be those who will ere long turn to God 
and become identified with us by baptism 
and confession. There are* good prospects 
of building up several strong churches in 
this Republican Valley. 

We now have two ministers and five dea- 
cons; and we can yet use many more ministers 
without being crowded. 

Our country is fast improving, and pros- 
perity is crowning the efforts of the faithful 
husbandmen. Corn, hogs, cattle and sheep 
dot the hills and valleys and plains, and all 
are the Lord's. A fine quality of coal has 
been discovered in the central part of this 
(Jewell) county which is a precious boon. I 
am now holding meeting in the Burr Oak 
church. About the 7th of Jan., Bro. Powell 
Porter and I, shall, the Lord willing, go to 
Norton Co., thence to Rooks Co., where, we 
learn, several desire to unite with the Breth- 
ren, there being no minister there. This 
western country is one vast mission field, and 
we hope before another Winter is ushered in, 
some arrangements may be made to persuade 
several good laborers to come out and help 
us about three months. A more clear ac- 
count of the needs of this country will be given 
in the future. M. M.Eshelman. 

Our Visit to Texas Co., Mo. 

In company with Eld. Geo. Barnhart we 
left home Nov. 14th, for the purpose of hold- 
ing some meetings near Mountain Grove, 
Texas Co., Mo. We held eleven meetings in 
all. The place,of meeting was quite conven- 
ient for most of the members. The meet- 
ings were well attended, and the attention 
good. They were held in a house formerly 
built for th' j Methodists, which is now used for 
school purposes. Five were added to the 
church by baptism, and the members greatly 
encouraged. A Love-feast was also held, the 
first meeting of the kind ever held in that 
part of the country. Bro. John Greenwood 
is the minister. He was elected last Spring. 
At ♦ his meeting a choice was held for a minis- 

ter. The choice fell on Joseph Adkins. 
Two deacons were also selected. This place 
is about seventy miles East of Springfield. 
The prospects for building up a church here 
are good. On our return we held three meet- 
ings in Springfield. One was baptized. The 
interest was good. There are six ministers 
living here at present, and there is also a good 
opening for building up a church. We hope 
ministering brethren will call and give them 
some meetings. Address P. R. Wertz. 

W. M. Hakyey. 
Jasper, Mo. 

From Purgitsville, Hampshire Co., 
W. Va.-Dec. 2-4. 

I wish to correct a misstatement in regard 
to Bro. Gaunt preaching for up, made in No. 
50, of G. M., on first page, second column. — 
The way it is written, it infers that he is 
from Purgitsville. He is from Belington, 
Barbour Co., W. Va. He came here on "the 
21th of November, and preached for us till 
the 3rd of December, in all thirteen sermons. 
He preached the Word with power: the re- 
sult, four were made willing to forsake sin 
and turn their steps toward heaven, also one 
reclaimed. Many more counting the cost. 

S. C. Leatheemax. 

From Greeucastle, la.— Dec. 29. 

Thursday evening closed a series of meet- 
ings with its, conducted by our beloved 
brother, Samuel Goughnour. We can all 
say we were built up spiritually. Our dear 
brother held forth the Word with power, so 
much so that saints were made to rejoice and 
sinners to tremble. His labors will long be 
remembered among us, and may we ere long 
see the fruits thereof. I have understood 
there is one applicant for baptism since the 
meeting closed. We hope to hear of many 
more coming into the fold of Christ. I often 
think how we rejoice on earth to see sinners 
converted, and how much more will our 
Heaven! y Father rejoice! 

Lizzie Hilary. 

From Dorchester, Xeh. — Dec. 25. 

I HAVE been in this part of the country, 
visiting friends and relatives and viewing 
the country, for some time. So far, the vis- 
its have been the happiest of my life. This 
county (Saline), is fast improving in wealth 
and population. The country rs thickly set- 
tled up with good farmers with but few ex- 
ceptions. Crops of all kinds were good the 
past season. General health good. The 
church here numbers about fifty members, 
and seems to be progressing under the care 
and management of Eld. J. J. Hoover, The 
brethren and sisters here are known for 
their hospitality, the zeal and interest mani- 
fested in the cause of their Master. The 
14th of December, a very interesting series 
of meetings was commenced near Dorches- 
ter, and continued about one week. Eld. J. 
Snowberger, of York, and A. Vandyke, of 
Beatrice, Nebraska, were present on the oc- 
casion, and held forth the Word with pc 



No immediate accessions, but the members 
seem to be much revived, and built up in 
the most holy faith. Surely, good seed was 
sown and may it germinate and bring forth 
much fruit in due season. D. C. Cripe. 

District Meeting' Announcement. 

The members of Barren Kidge congrega- 
tion met in council the 17th of November, to 
set the time for holding our next District 
Meeting, and decided to hold it the 10 th and 
11th of April, 1881, at Barren Bidge church, 
Augusta Co., Ya. Brethren will please meet 
at 9 o'clock to organize. Notice will be giv- 
en through the Messenger in regard to rail- 
road arrangements as soon as they are made. 

J. C. Garber, 


From Prairie City, Jasper Co., Iowa. 
—Dec. 29. 

We have been having a series of meetings 
Br'n J. D. Haughtelin, and Moses Deardorff, 
of Panora, Iowa, were our speakers. They 
up held the truth of Gospel to a dying and 
sinful world. I think they did much good. 
May the good Lord bless their labors. We 
had eight sermons, and one social meeting. — 
Our nearest speaker is thirty -two miles from 
here. We would like to have a minister 
move among us, and preach for us. 

Lewis Young. 

From Deep River Church, la. 

The brethren and sisters here have been 
strengthened by meetings held by strange 
ministering brethren who visited us since 
our Love-feast. October 18th, Br'n Samuel 
Flory, of Keokuk county, and Hiram Berk- 
man, of Monroe county, came to our vicinity, 
remaining several days, and preached for us 
each evening during their stay. Their min- 
isterial labors while among us were highly 
appreciated. Bro. W. C. Teeter, of Marion, 
Linn Co., Iowa, next gave us a call, preach- 
ing two discourses for us Sunday, December 
2nd. He held forth the Word with power, 
especially his evening discourse, in which he 
made such an urgent appeal to the young to 
serve God while in youthful vigor. The 
20th of this month, Bro. Berkman gave us 
another call, remaining until the 27th, preach- 
ing seven discourses for us. May the seed 
sown have fallen into good soil, and we 
pray we may see the fruits thereof in the 
future. Jestina Miller. 

From Moscow, Idaho Ter.— Dec. 21, 

As many of my old acquaintances often 
wonder where we are, and what we are doing 
in the Far West, I thought a few lines would 
not be amiss. We are living in Washington 
Ter., near the line of Idaho Ter. We are 
still trying to labor in the Master's cause; 
have about twenty members. Have received 
four since here, by baptism, and think there 
are good prospects for the future. There 
are only two in the ministry, T. Steward and 
myself. We are trying to carry out the or- 

der of the general Brotherhood, as near as 
we can. We would be pleased to see many 
of- our dear members come to this country. — 
We are having but few visits from abroad, 
Br'n D. Brower and J. S. Flory are the only 
ministering brethren that have been among 
us. We have a very productive country for 
all kinds of small grain and vegetables. — 
Health is generally very good. Bro. Wm. 
H. Luper died Saturday night, 8th of De- 
cember, aged fifty-three years. He left a 
companion and three children. Funeral by 
the writer, assisted byT. Steward, from Rev. 
14th. Isaac Hershey. 

From Ervin, Iiul.— Dec. 28. 

I visited the Green Spring church, Sene- 
ca Co., Ohio, and commenced meetings De- 
cember loth, and closed the evening of the 
25th, with one addition by baptism and one 
reclaimed. The church was much revived, 
and the interest still increasing, and we re- 
alized that we left too soon. Just about the 
time a good interest was felt we had to leave. 
Arrived home safe the 27th, and found all 
reasonably well, thank the Lord. 

Daniel Bock. 

From Carson City, Mich.— Jan, 1, 

Bro. Isaac Rairigh and Samuel Smith of 
Woodland aud Thornapple Districts, this 
State, were with us from the 15th to the 28th 
of December, and held forth the Word with 
power. None were added to the church, but 
the members were encouraged to go on in 
the service of the Master. We held two 
meetings on Christmas; both were well at- 
tended, and many good impressions- were 
made. On the 28 th of December, Bro. Jer- 
emiah Myers departed this life, and on Sun- 
day the 30th, a large concourse of friends 
and relatives met at the school-house, to pay 
the last tribute of respect. Services con- 
ducted by Br'n John Brillhart and Eleazar 
Bosserman. G. E. Stone. 

From Enoch Eby, 

On the 18th of December, I met with the 
Brethren in public worship at the brick 
meeting-house, three miles west of Cerro 
Gordo, 111., and continued day and night un- 
til Sunday, the 23rd. Interest reasonably 
good, considering the inclemency of the 
weather. Subsequently the meetings were 
in town. On Monday, the 21th, the commit- 
tee brethren arrived, and organized the same 
day, by electing Bro. George Cripe, foreman, 
and Bro. M. J. McClure, writing clerk; they, 
with several other brethren from Macoupin 
and Fulton counties, being present. The 
committee then entered upon its arduous and 
responsible labors on Tuesday morning and 
adjourned at 4 P. M. to attend the Commun- 
ion at the same place. In consequence of 
preaching from 1 to 3 P. M., the committee 
had its afternoon session in Bro. J. Metzger's 
house. All the rest of the time, till Thurs- 
day, at 3 P. M., they met in the meeting- 
house in town, Liberty for all the members 

to be present was granted, and a goodly num- 
ber availed themselves of the privilege, after 
which the- committee took leave of the dear 
members, among whom we enjoyed our so- 
journ very much, and whose 'kindness and 
brotherly love will not soon be forgotten. — ■ 
Bro. S. S. Mohler went to the Okaw District 
eight miles south, to remain over Sunday 
and preach. Bro. W. R. Deeter went to the 
Milmine District, about four miles east— 
Br'n Daniel Vaniman and J. Metzger went 
to St. Louis to hold a Communion. Sunday 
night, the 29th, Bro. John Zuck and the 
writer returned home together, separating at 
Dixon. The work of the committee is now 
done, and, if approved of by the Lord, and 
his people at their next conference, we hope 
it will go forth on its important mission.— 
But it is only a plan in a simplified form; 
the Lord's people must still carry on the 
work, but no doubt, like a man building a 
house, after we begin to use it, we will see 
where we could have improved. The best 
matured plans will prove a failure without 
the operative power. A train of cars on a 
well-laid track, with a good locomotive con- 
nected, will not avail anything, until the nec- 
essary elements, fire, water and steam, are 
brought into play, then the train moves, and 
we receive the benefit, so with the church 
when she sheds tears for the salvation of 
sinners, as Jesus did, and the Lord applies 
the fire, the Holy Spirit, the will power will 
be there, and the work moves on and souls 
are saved. 

Lena, III. 

. ■♦ . 

Whoever has a contented mind has all 
riches. To him whose foot is inclosed in a 
shoe, is it not as though the earth were car- 
peted with leather? 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A rkligious weekly, published ih the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist chuich, is an uncompro- 
mising advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace of God is the only source ot pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption : 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins: 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Baptism: 

That Feet- Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church: 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the clay: 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Chan- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Conformity to the world in dress, customs s 
daily walk and conversation is essential to true holiness 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 

It also advocates the Scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Aposiles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
flicting theories and discords of modem Christendom, to 
point out ground that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
Morris, Ogle Co., 111., or Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 





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Bib. - - - 

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value and r. erest. V 

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iy. Price Sl.S I. 

thitlrnl Housewife 'outainsiuii 

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complete account of 
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porcant subject in a simple 
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One Baptism r H. Moore. Proves 

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Gives a concise account of Bible times i tul 
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Trine I mmersion Traced to the 
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Price ISots; 8 copies, ft.. 0. 

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Camubellism weighed in the Balance 
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Certificates of Membership 


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For the, convenience of our patrons and 
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Some of the Many Letters Re- 
ceived by Us. 

Pleasant View, Juniata Co., Pa / 
Dec. 24. 18*3 . 

Deah Sirs :— Two of our children had 
the Whooping Cough and we tried your 
Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry, 
and it acted like a charm. Yours, 

Bev. C. Mybbs. 

Lacey Springs. Kockingham Co.. Ya. / 
Dec. 24. 1883. 

Gentlemen:— The Medicine you sent us 
was duly received. There has been occasion 
to use, especially, the Health Restorer, 
Pees-lcss lAniment. and Compound 
Syrup of Wild Cherry. There is no 
hesitancy in acknowledging their superior 
merits, for the purpose for which they are 
recommended. Persons to whom sample bot- 
tles of Peerless Liniment and Teeth- 
ing Sgrup were given, readily attest their 
value. . 

A lady who has been a great sufferer from 
Neuralgia for years pronounces Peerless 
Jjiniieient the most complete conqueror of 
that excruciating torture, she ever used. In 
addition to the excellence of your Medicines 
they are exceedingly palatable. 

Yours very respectfully, 
Bev: J. W. Funk. 

North Industry. Stark Co.. O. J 
Jan. 1. 1E84. < 


Dear Sirs:— The Health Restorer. 
Teething Syrup. Peerless lAni- 
ment and Compound Syrup of Wild 
Cherry received from you were distributed 
among our friends, and pronounced by them 
to be what you claim for them. 

The Peerless lAniutent is the favorite 
in our family . We never had anything to ex- 
cel it. Yours truly, 
Bev. Noah Longanecker. 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain K. 
K. on Monday, May 14th, 1883. 


Mail Exp'ss STATIONS. Exp'ss Mail 

P. M. A. M. P. M. P. M 

6 05 8 35 ...Huntingdon... 5 55 12 40 

6 15 8 50 McConnellstown 5 40 12 30 

6 22 8 55 Grafton 5 35 12 25 

6 35 9 06 ...Marklesburg .. 5 25 12 11 

6 43 9 15 ... Coffee Bun ... 5 15 12 03 

6 50 9 21 Rough and Beady 5 09 11 51 

6 57 9 29 Cove 5 01 11 50 

7 00 9 88 Fisher's Summit 4 58 11 45 

7 10 9 41 Saxton 4 48 1135 

7 25 9 55 ...Biddlesburg... 4 35 1120 

7 30' 10 00 .....Hopewell... 4 29 1151 

7 40 10 10 ...Piper's Bun... 4 17 1105 

7 51 10 21 .... Tatesville.... 4 07 10 52 
3 02 10 30 Everett 3 58 10 43 

8 05 10 40 ....Mt. Dallas.... 3 55 10 40 

8 25 1100 Bedford 3 30 10 02 

10 00 12 35 ..Cumberland... 155 8 45 

P. M. P. M. P. M. A. M. 

J. It. WOOD, 
CHAS. E. PUGH, Gen'l Pass. Ag't. 

Gen'l Manager 

Brethren's Almanac for llli 

The Lest yet Issued. Price. lOcts per copy; 

$1.00 per dozen 

Address: Brethren's Publishing Co 

Young Disciple and YoutL's Advance. 

A neatly printed illustrated weekly intended 
for children and Sunday-school purposes. 
Price only fifty cents per annum - It is so 
cheap that it should commend itself to every 
family. Send for sample copies and Agents' 
outfit. Address Brethren's Publishing Co. 

A Seven Colored Advertising 
CHKOHO, iepresea . ing t!i€' 
in FILL BLOOM, £.€ -e« n in 
MEXICO, will be :• . '>Ep 
mounted and varnisheJ e 
a map, to any ones ending . 
One Cent Stamps. 

Address: Dr. Peter Falir,; 
431 5. Oakley av. 'Chicago, lll.[? 


On Monday, June 5th, 1882, the foUowing 
schedule went into effect on the Pennsylvania 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittsbgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 P. M 1 35 P. M. 

Mail ... 2 13 P. M 8 50 A. M. 

Fast Line 6 00 P. M 11 30 A.M. 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Phil'da. 

Johnst'n Exp'ss, 9 00 A. M 5 05 P. M. 

Day Express.... 1 25 P. M 7 35 P. M. 

Mail 3 50P.M. H'bg., 7 30P.M. 

Mail Express ...8 05 P. M 2 55 A. M. 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Pittsburgh. Fort Wayne and Chicago Bail- 
way on May 27, 1SS3. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr. Chicago. 

Day Express — +7 57 A. M 

Mail Express . . . *1 22 P, M 6 50 A. M . 

Limited Exp'ss. *8 57 P. M 10 4u A. M. 

Fast Line..... §11 42 P. M 6 55 P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago, (city time) for Pitts- 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chicago. Arr. Pittsb'gh, 

Day Express... tS 40 A. M 6 12 A. M. 

Limited Exp'ss,*5 00 P. M 6 57 A. M, 

Mail Express...*? 40 P. M 12 22 P. M. 

Fast Line *11 30 P. M 7 57 P.M. 

*Daily. tDaily, except Sunday. gDaily. 
except Saturday . 



Is the Oldest, Best Constructed, Best Equip- 
ped and hence the Leading Bailway to 
the West and North-West . 

It is the shortest and best route between 
Chicgo and all points in Northern Hlinois, 
Iowa, Dakota. Wyoming, Nebraska, Califor- 
nia, Oregon, Arizona, Utah, Colorado. Idaho, 
Montana, Nevada, and for Council Bluffs, 
Omaha, Denver, Leadville, Salt Lake, San 
Francisco, Deadwood. Sioux City, Cedar Bap- 
ids, Des Moines, Columbus and ail points in 
the Territories and the West. Also for Mil- 
waukee. Green Bay, Oshkosh, Sheboygan, 
Marquette, Fond du Lac. Watertown, Hough- 
ton. Neenah, Menasha. St. Paul, Minneapolis. 
Huron. Volga, Fargo, Bismark, Winona, La 
Crosse, Owatonna, and all points in Minnes- 
ota, Dakota. Wisconsin and the Northwest. 

At Council the Bluffs Trams of the Chicago 
and North-we6tern and the UP. B'ys depart 
from and arrive at the same Union Depot. 

At Chicago, close connections are made 
with the Lake Shore, Michigan Central. Bal- 
timore & Ohio, Ft. Wayne and Pennsylvania, 
and Chicago & Grand Trunk B'ys. and the 
Kankakee* and Pan Handle Boutes. Close 
connection made at Junction Points. It is 
the only line running North-Weestrn Dining- 
Cars, West or North-west of Chicago. PuU- 
man Sleepers on all Night Trains. 

Insist upon Ticket Agents selling yon tick- 
ets via this road Examine them and refuse 
to buy if they do not read over the Chicago 
and North-western Bailway. 

{5P~If you wish the Best Traveling Accom- 
modations, yon will buy your Tickets by this 
route, and wiU take none other. 

All Ticket Agents sell Tickets by this line. 
J. D. LAYNG, Gen. Pass Agt.. 

(ien Sop't- Chicago Chicago 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Enterod at the Post-Office at Mt. Morris, 111. 
as Second Class Matter. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 22, 1884. No. 4. 

Vol. 22, Old Series. 


H. B. BKUMBAUGH, Editor, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

We can still furnish copies of full Report 
of last Annual Meeting. Price post-paid, 25 

A second edition of the Revised Minutes 
is now ready for distribution. Single copy, 
post-paid, 20 cents. 

We have now on hand a good stock of the 
different styles of Hymn-books, and all or- 
ders will be filled promptly. 

Oub agents and friends will please contin- 
ue to solicit subscribers for the Gq^pel Mes- 
senger. Back numbers will be supplied to 
all, until otherwise notified. 

Bro. Jacob Kintner, of Sherwood, Ohio, 
says, that their church is moving along pleas- 
antly under the care of their young minis- 
ters, and that they have had one addition by 
letter lately. Thermometer as low as 25 de- 
grees below zero, on Jan. 4th and 5th. 

D. W. Early says to his friends in the 
West, "I left Salem, Oregon, November 13th, 
1883. Stopped off two weeks in Missouri, 
also several weeks in Ohio, and landed at 
Huntington on December 27th. Had a pleas- 
ant trip and enjoyed many meetings with old 
friends and associates. I came here for the 
purpose of attending school, and am glad to 
say that I was pleasantly disappointed, as I 
found it much better than I expected." 

Eld. John Brindle wants to know wheth- 
er the Revised Minutes are to be voted on by 
the local churches or whether it will be left 
for Annual Meeting to decide. The first in- 
struction to the Committee on Revision was 
to "submit their work to the next A. M. for 
adoption." At our last A. M., held in Kan- 
sas, the Revision was presented to the 
Standing Committee. Its decision was to 
have it printed in pamphlet form and have it 
distributed- among the churches for examin- 
ation until the next A. M. This revision is 
now in the hands of the churches. Every in- 
dividual church has a right to examine and 
pass upon it, and send its decision up to A. 
M., through its delegates. We do not mean 
that the delegates are to carry up to A. M., 
the votes pro and con, but they should be in- 
structed to represent the sentiment of their 
respective churches which will enable them 
to vote intelligently when called upon to do 

Geo. S. Hanawalt has been preaching for 
the Brethren at New Enterprise, Pa. The 
result of his work there has not yet been re- 

At a late church meeting, at James Creek, 
Pa., Rufus A. Zook and P. P. Brumbaugh 
were elected to the office of deacon. May 
they prove to be efficient workers in the po- 

Bro. C. F. Detwiler is preaching for the 
Brethren in Morrison's Cove. On Saturday, 
the 19th, he commenced a meeting in Mar- 
tinsburg, Pa. We hope that success may at- 
tend his labors. 

Bro. R. T. Pollaed, of Plum Creek, Pa., 
says, that Bro. J. A. Sell is there preaching 
for them and hopes that great good may re- 
sult therefrom. We shall be pleased to have 
the result of the meeting. 

Eld. P. S. Myers, of McVeytown, Pa,, has 
been preaching for the Brethren of Lancas- 
ter Co., Pa. He reports pleasant meetings, 
but thinks that the membership is not large 
in proportion to the population. Euglish 
preaching is much needed, as the rising gen- 
eration is generally adopting the English 
language. He thinks that the children are 
drifting away from the church, and suggests 
Sunday-schools, Bible Classes, etc., as a rem- 

A sister writes us to know why our min- 
isters do not receive little children as Christ 
did, by laying hands on them and blessing 
them. In the atonement we have a complete 
justification for children, but when we con- 
sider the love that mothers have for their 
children, it is not at all strange that they 
should seek from the Savior some outward 
expression of his love for them. Because of 
this desire they brought their children to him 
that he might touch or lay his hands upon 
them. Matt, 19: 13. The simple fact that 
Christ received the children in his arms and 
blessed them, does not show that the act was 
to be, in any way, perpetuated, neither is 
there any evidence that the act was ever re- 
peated by Christ himself, or his apostles. — 
It gave those mothers the assurance that 
their great Teacher and Savior loved children 
and that they were fit subjects for the King- 
dom of God. All mothers have this same as- 
surance, and no amount of unauthorized cer- 
emony could make their condition any better. 
The Adamic sin is fully atoned for, and we 
are accountable only for our own actual sins, 
which we intelligently commit. As children 
do not commit such sins, they have nothing 
to answer for, until they become actual trans- 

Eld. J. W. Brumbaugh, of Clover Creek, 
Pa., gave us a short call last week. He says 
that they have been holding some pleasant 
meetings in their congregation, and things 
are moving along as pleasantly as could be 

Bro. Samuel Molsbee, of Tennessee, in- 
forms us that he and Bro. M. Derrick held a 
series of meetings at Piney Grove, Hawkins 
Co.Tenn. They commenced on the 2ord, 
and continued till the 30fch. As a result, 
two were reclaimed, two baptized and five to 
be baptized soon. Such meetings make very 
acceptable news items. 


To Bro. David Shang: — 

The manner of conducting Bible Class- 
es differs and we are not sure that we can 
give you the best way. We, however, offer 
the following: The meeting or class can be 
opened the same as ordinary meetings, by 
singing and prayer. This should be done by 
the teacher or such a one as he or she may 
call upon. The chapter selected for the les- 
son should then be read by the class. The 
lesson may embrace the whole chapter or 
such part of it as may be selected. 

After the lesson is read by the class, it 
should then be taken up in regular order, 
commencing at the first part or verse. In do- 
ing this, the teacher can call upon a member 
of the class to read the verse and make such 
comments upon it as may be suggested from 
a careful studying and reading of it. After 
this is done, the class should have the liber- 
ty of making such remarks and asking such 
questions as may be presented during the 
reading and discussion. The class should be 
asked to answer the questions, but if the 
questions cannot be answered by the class, 
then the teacher should be prepared to do it. 
If a question is presented that cannot be sat- 
isfactorily answered at the time, it can be 
held over for the next meeting as a "deferred 

This course can be continued until each 
verse is read and the lesson finished, the 
teacher making such explanations as may be 
deemed necessary to a full understanding of 
the lesson. In order that the class may have 
an opportunity of studying the lesson, it 
should always be announced one week ahead, 
and a careful preparation of the lesson 
should be expected of all. The meeting can 
be closed by singing and prayer. 




- - s workman that 

r=*\ - aned. rightly dividing the 






iw in the faith < 

true to the end 

■ - 

error we fal 

: brother. 
boot him at all. 

A si»h or a smile may awaken 

Susj in most false and undue: 
And thus . ef may be shaken 
i ts that are honest and true. 

in the smile of gladness 
end we meet. 
To cover a soul full of sadness. 

id to acknowledge defeat. 

often the light smile of detection 
heaved Jrom the hypocrite's breast, 
ly truth and perfection, 
.. suspicion to rest. 

How oiten the friend we hold dearest 
Their noblest, emotions conceal; 
• : -us the purest, sincerest, 
Have secrets they cannot reveal. 

tse minds to harbor susp : cion. 
And small ones to trace our defects; 
- be a noble ambition, 
base is the mind that suspects. 

We none of us know one another, 

And oft into error we fall; 
Then let us speak well of our brother, 

Or speak not about him at all. 
St. Louis, Mo. 


BY N. 31. B. 

Number IV. 


Ir was a bold, strategic movement. If 
Lord can turn a staff into a serpent, he 
will try it, too. The field must be contested, 
plan for plan. The Word of God is cumu- 
lating in the world. He recognizes its pow- 
- the truth and gets upon it. Studying 
the prophecies of Holy Scripture, he seeks 
ice the character of the Messiah in 
the life of a man who should teach the mo- 
the Scriptures, and thus fulfill, ap- 
he requirements of prophecy con- 
Wonderful Counsellor, and so 
•rid out of the Atone- 
i up to that time, was the most 
ruse of Satan. And there are plen- 
very nice people outside of India and 
too, for that matter, 
understood how he stands on 

I patient eavesdropping in 
th^ Church o be had found out a great 

deal; but whi together, it made not 

iah. Its 
and utterly un- 
worthy of t; dtetheter- 

the simple 

d with. Doubt- 

less, this spurious Gospel benefitted its be- 

A Gospel of mere morality makes men bet- 
ter and happier for this world, whether in In- 
dia or America, but it, at the same time, bars 
them against the approach of the Gospel of 
Christ. Of course, it was wise in Satan to 
introduce his Savior first. He so fortified 
the field in the East by the fact of the like- 
ness of his scheme to that preached by the 
Apostles, that it seemed a forlorn hope to 
preach the Christian doctrine to the follow- 
ers of Buddha. 

Indeed, we actually read that when some 
of the Apostles essayed to go in that direc- 
tion, they were hindered by the Holy Ghost. 
That people were lost, joined to their idols. 
We have men now, multitudes, I fear, who 
are also planted, though they live around our 
very church-doors and stand in our pews. — 
There was more pressing need of the Apos- 
tle's service elsewhere just then. Missions 
to the Buddhists were of little avail in the 
middle of the first century. Even now, the 
stubbornness of their belief may be seen in 
this, that the contemplation of what Chris- 
tianity has done for the people who have em- 
braced it, is the first argument which will in- 
fluence a Buddhist to lend an ear honestly to 
the system of Christianity itself. 

But the two systems had not been tested 
in comparison at that day. When Paul was 
fighting with beasts at Ephesus, and suffer- 
ing perils by land and sea in his westward 
course, missionaries of Buddha, as zealous 
and active as he, were overrunning China, 
whose monarch was converted by their 

But in this, Satan was also providing ar- 
gument against the supernatural character 
of Christ's mission and doctrines. Buddha, 
be it noted, himself denied any special reve- 
lation or inspiration; affirmed that his say- 
ings were self-developed; and that he was on- 
ly one in a long chain of Buddhas who had 
preceded him and who should come after 
him. The view, therefore, that Jesus only 
added to ideas already inculcated by Buddha 
Gautama and others, was one, it is easy to 
be seen, which could be adopted by men who 
believed in both Jesus and Buddha, and who 
believed in neither, save as the representa- 
tive of the intellectual movements of his 

Buddha held the doctrine of an inherent 
natural development of the moral and intel- 
lectual man, from a savage state upward, 
without the aid ,of the supernatural. Of 
course, he did not hold the Bible doctrine of 
the first transgression, its consequences, and 
the consequent need of the supernatural, 
the miraculous, God's almighty power in 
changing the hearts of men, as the only hope 
of any kind of develop dp ent upward. 

Curiously enough, a scheme of this philo- 
sophical thought older than Buddha, survives 
and flourishes away down here in -our times, 
which denies the supernatural, denies mira- 
cles, and asserts the natural development of 
everything without its aid: and the defend- 
ers of which find pleasure and support in 
the use of this argument of a long chain of 

Buddhas, "Enlightened Ones," the natural 
results of human intellectual growth, when, 
by so doing, these men are falling into the 
very trap and delusion set for them by the 
devil more than 2000 years ago! Verily, Sa- 
tan is wiser than Mr. Herbert Spencer and 
all the scientific "Buddhas" of the 19th cen- 
tury! ! 

But if Buddhism was Satan's Christianity 
without Christ, Romanism is his Christiani- 
ty with Christ. The Messiah came. His 
Gospel was carried westward into the heart 
of the Roman Empire. Satan fought it hard 
under the form of Paganism there. Gradu- 
ally, the truth of one God and one Mediator 
began to supplant the effete system of many 
gods with its coarse corruptions. Satan hin- 
dered "until he was taken out of the way." — 
Paganism was dying of old age. But in this 
critical j uncture, he makes the boldest stroke 
of policy the world has ever seen. He comes 
over bodily and adopts Christianity, in the 
person of Emperor Constantine. 

No wonder Satan's workings are termed 
the "mystery of iniquity"! Did he admit 
much truth in Buddhism? now he admits ail! 
It required a master in strategy to do that. — 
Doubtless, the region of darkness rang out 
with cries of dread from many an inferior 
commanded But he had cheated the Jews 
out of their own doctrine, and he would cheat 
the Christians out of theirs. He had made 
their houses "the synagogues of Satan"; he 
would repeat the experiment- It was a dan- 
gerous experiment, but it was the best he 
could do. 

As truth swept on, as the Revelation of 
God became fuller and fuller, he required 
fresh devices. He would have to endure the 
chagrin, for a long time, of seeing many of 
his people escape his efforts to entangle them, 
He had much to do to make Christianity suc- 
cessful. He would give it costume and spec- 
tacle, music, poetry, and art to adapt it to the 
wants of sentimentality; new interpretation, 
new authority, new objects of adoration, 
signs and "lying wonders." 

He would hide the Word of God from the 
people, obscure the work of the Holy Ghost, 
blow hot and cold with the same breath, and 
so confuse by his dialectics that men would 
not know what to believe, except to believe 
in the Church. He would wrap his chains, 
"with all deceivableness," in ritualistic flow- 
ers till their clank would become musical, 
and his converts unsuspecting. He would 
teach men to use machinery in worship and 
to trust to machinery in the hour of death. — 
He would tie, with his own smutty fingers, 
the car of the Church to the wheels of the 
State, and build a system which should be 
the grand monument of his subtilty and pow- 
er. He got between man and the Redeemer, 
and assumed the prerogative of God. He 
had things his own way. Xo wonder those 
were dark ages. But he had carried matters 
far enough; Luther rose on his path. 

The light of God's truth in his spiritual 
Kingdom on the earth now holds Satan in 
check. What a powerful savor this salt has! 
Without this influential, all-pervading sense 
of the truth of God, the Papacy would be 



blacker and filthier to-day than it was at the 
da»'n of the Reformation, if that could be. — 
In the field of doubt, he had little to do. — 
Here men would take care of themselves. 
Bat he would raise up a Voltaire, with cun- 
ning satire, a Gibbon with sneers, a Hume, — 
a rather pious infidel, to attract, like Budd- 
ha, by his life (and deceive Adam Smith), 
and show men how to believe in nothing out 
of the course of natural law. 

As he got the control of the Church and 
was leading the van of Christianity, about 
the 7th century, he sent Mahomet to sweep 
the centres of Jewish civilization and secure 
the wreck and fragments in his rear. He en- 
trenched himself boldly. How well he has 
succeeded under the guise of Christianity, is 
to be seen to-day in the powerful organiza- 
tion which sits, like a mighty cancer, on the 
world; in its numbers, their devotion and ac- 
ivity ; and in the moral disease, degradation 
and death of every people which has been 
. fully under its sway. 

Romanism is a great system which, like a 
riet with its meshes larger as they are remote 
from the centre, gathers its victims from all 
o L uarters, promising them salvation. There 
may be some in the edge of the net, as there 
have been m the past, whom Satan will lose— 
they may slip through his fingers. The Lord 
help them. They know something of Chris- 
tianity which lies along the border; they know 
nothing of Romanism as it is further in. 

"Fort Lynne," near Harrisonburg, Va. 



From Halle to Copenhagen. 

On the morning of Dec. 24, we left Halle 
for a short visit with Bro. Hope and the 
church in Denmark. Those of our readers 
who have been following us in our travels 
upon their maps, may go with us from Halle 
in a north-westerly direction to Magdeburg, 
a railroad centre and a city of considerable 
importance. It was, for a time, the home of 
Luther, and is, of course, renowned on that 

From this point, we travel nearly north to 
Stendal, and from Stendal a little north of 
west to Welzen, then north-west to Hamburg 
via Luneburg and Harburg. Hamburg is 
one of the great free cities of Germany, and 
one among the most important trading places 
in Europe. On our return from Denmark, 
we may spend a few days at this place and 
give our readers some further account of it. 
From Hamburg, we again travel north-west 
to Kiel, by way of Elmshorn and Neuinin- 

At Kiel we took a steamship for Korsor; 
the time required for the passage is about six 
hours. When we embarked, the water was 
calm, but before we reached the harbor, we 
had a taste of the chopping sea and wife had 
a little experience with seasickness. From 
Korsor, where Bro. Hope met us, we went by 
rail north-east to Copenhagen. The time oc- 
cupied in making the trip was about thirty 
hours, or about the same time usually taken 
to travel from Mt. Morris to New York. 

Winter traveling is not, as a general thing' 
very pleasant, but the conditions here teemed 
to be changed, and our ride through North- 
ern Germany on this bright December day 
was very pleasant indeed. The Winter, so 
far, here has been quite mild; a very little 
snow has fallen, and what we have had only 
remained a few days; indeed, we have had on- 
ly three or four days, so far, that the mercu- 
ry stood below the freezing-point. We no- 
ticed, as we passed along, many of the farm- 
ers busy plowing. 

The small grain fields were covered with a 
thick matting of green, looking much like a 
well-kept lawn in mid-summer in America. — 
The country is fairly dotted with these little 
fields of rich green, brought into strong con- 
trast by the brown soil, that has just been 
turned up by the plowman, presenting a very 
pleasing picture. 

Far down in the South the sun was shin- 
ing brightly, and as we traveled northward, 
we only realized fully that we were far north 
of our home in America. At 12 o'clock, noon, 
the train stopped a few minutes at Welzen, 
and we had an opportunity to observe the po- 
sition of the sun. Looking directly to the 
south, the sun appeared only a few degrees 
above the horizon. Any one looking west- 
ward at home, an hour and a half before sun- 
set, will see the sun about as far above the 
western horizon as we saw it on this clay at 
noon above the southern horizon. 

Going a few degrees farther north, we 
reach a point in Sweden and Norway, where, 
from the 10th to the 30th of December, the 
sun does not appear above the horizon at all, 
and for some weeks before and after these 
dates, it is only seen for a very short time 
each day. At the same place, in midsum- 
mer, the sun is seen for two weeks all the 
time; that is, for two weeks the sun does not 
set at all, giving this region the very appro- 
priate name of "The Land of the Midnight 

Many of us, no doubt, remember when we 
learned all this, about tho position of the sun 
and the earth, from our geographies, in the 
old log school-houses. The writer has a viv- 
id recollection of the time when the school- 
master first explained, or tried • to explain, 
this fact to a class of wondering juveniles. — 
What pictures we drew in the mind, of the 
beauties of a land where the sun shone all 
the time, and the dark night, with its half- 
dreaded fears, never came! But no one can 
fully realize how singular it looks to see the 
sun at midday far down to the south, almost 
touching the horizon, unless they see it for 

One cannot shake off the impression that 
the points of the compass have been chang- 
ed and that the South has moved around to 
the West. So, too, it must seem equally 
strange, in midsummer, to see the sun appar- 
ently describing a circle in the heavens and 
not disappearing from view for days and 
weeks. Truly, "The heavens declare the glo- 
ry of God, and the firmament showeth forth 
his handiwork. Day unto day uttereth 
speech, and night unto night showeth knowl- 

One of the most singular things about this 
far north eru country is its climate. As we- 
travel northward, we shall s^y somtthing 
about this feature of Nori hern Europe. The 
40th degree of north latitude passes through 
the States of California, Utah, Colorado, be- 
tween Kansas and Nebraska, through North- 
ern Missouri, Central Illinois, and through 
Indiana, Ohio and Pennsylvania. The 50th 
degree passes entirely north of the northern 
boundary of the United States; the 55th 
touches Hudson Bay, and the 00 th Green - 

The Winters in America, except in Cali- 
fornia, are extremely cold, as a rule, any- 
where between the 40th and 45th degrees, 
and as we go north to the 50th, it is so ex- 
tremely cold that most people do not care to 
spend the Winter in that frigid region. But 
here we have been living, so far this Winter, 
north of the 50th degree of north latitude in 
a climate that is much warmer than it is in 
Northern Illinois. 

Winter wheat, rye and oats maka splendid 
crops, whilst for fruits the country cannot be 
excelled. We have had the finest plums and 
pears here that we ever ate, equalling in size 
and flavor the fruits of California. We are 
now north of the 55th degree and there is no 
snow and the ground is not frozen. And why 
is this? If the same conditions existed here 
that hold in North America, all of this rich 
and fertile land, supplying many millions of 
people with homes and food, would be as bar- 
ren as Greenland. 

Here, again, we may see the wisdom of the 
Almighty manifested. The climate is modi- 
fied, and this goodly land made habitable by 
the ocean currents. These great rivers of 
the sea flow through the waters of the mighty 
ocean like an immense inland stream, carry- 
ing the warm waters of the Torrid Zone far 
up into the north, and giving all Northern 
Europe a mild and pleasant climate. The 
laws that govern this constant flow of the wa- 
ters of the ocean from the south to the north 
and vice versa, are pretty well understood; 
but back of it all we see the hand of the Al- 
mighty Creator of heaven and earth, and of 
all things that therein are. 

The ride of four hours from Korsor to Co- 
penhagen was pleasantly passed in conversa- 
tion with Bro. Hope. We did not observe 
the country very closely, except to notice that 
in a general way, it is very flat, and that the 
houses in the little villages are very small. — 
We reached Copenhagen in time to eat a 
Christmas dinner with Bro. Hope's family. — 
Sister Hope has been quite sick for the last 
three months and is yet confined to her bed- 
She suffers much, but bears her sufferings 
with great Christian fortitude. 

Bro. Hope is somewhat broken down in 
health; his hard work in the mission field and 
the sickness in his family has made his labor 
very severe. But he is very full of zeal for 
the cause of the Master and is willing to 
work as long as he can for the salvation of 
souls. Both Bro. and sister Hope send 
hearty thanks to the members in America. — 
We thought if those who have contributed to 
the mission work could be here and see face. 

D 'J 


s we ^e. j . they wo«ld thank God that 

he h ss .nor only with means, 

. an opportunity to give, to help 

on the good work. 

Of coarse, we oannot yet say much about 

work here, as we have only been here a 

Nest week we go north to visit 

-.after which I will have sorne- 

g further to say on this subject. For 

have so much to talk about 

we cannot hud much time to write. 

D. L. Miller. 



Number III. 

Is a former article, we promised to pre- 
sent prophecy relating to events which are 
. the future. 

after his resurrection, for forty days 

. of his disciples and spake to them 

of things pertaining to the kingdom of God; 

and when* they were come together at Jeru- 

m, they asked him whether he intended, 

th .; time, to restore again the kingdom to 

But he said unto them, "It is not 

for you to know the times or the seasons 

the rather hath put in his own pow- 

And while he was conversing with 

them, he was taken up into heaven, and a 

cloud received him out of their sight. And 

while they looked steadfastly toward heaven 

- he went up, behold, two men stood by 

1 in white apparel; which also said, "Ye 

men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into 

en? This same Jesus, which is taken'up 

from you into heaven, shall so come in like 

manner as ye have seen him go into heaven." 

. - 1. 

Many are ready to assert that this prophe- 
cy was fulfilled at the destruction of Jerusa- 
lem. But until it can be shown, either by 
:i or profane history, that Jesus appeared 
i - mally in tlie clouds of heaven, at the de- 
struction of Jerusalem, or any other time, as 
he was seen to ascend, we shall look for him 
ne in that manner in the future; for, as 
. led in his resurrected body, he will 
come again in the same body, if 
: e is any meaning in language. 
Hence, as we believe that Christ died and 
triumphantly from the dead, and as- 
. taven according to the Scriptures, 
Iso that he will come again in the 
• •■ -)i, with power and great glo- 
'and unto them that look for him shall 
>nd time without sin unto 
Heb. '.): 29. "He will no more 
, be de.spi.sed and persecuted by wick- 
ed .'. to be glorified in his saints, and 
to be admired in all them that believe." — 
2 l'hesa 1:10. 

►ly Scriptures teach abundantly ,hat 
the; ton of tli. ; dead, both 

* he unjust. We will first in- 
the highest authority, which is the 
. himself. When he whs 
disciples in regard to the 
robably ready to mar- 
vel; bat . "Marvel not at this; for the 

hour is coming, in the which all that are in 
their graves shall hear his voice and come 
forth; they that have done good unto the res- 
urrection of life; and they that have done 
evil, unto the resurrection of damnation," or 
condemnation, as some translators render it. 
Jno. 5:28,29. 

Here, the critic is again ready to assert, 
that he has reference only to our spiritual 
life; but if we closely examine the subject, 
we shall almost invariably find, that when the 
term resurrection is used, it implies a re-ani- 
mation or restoring of our mortal bodies. 

The Apostle Paul, in treating the subject, 
(1 Cor. 15) bases all his hope on the resur- 
rection, and positively declares, if there is 
no resurrection from the dead, then is our 
hope vain, and we are yet in our sins. 

"For now is Christ risen from the dead, 
and become the first-fiuits of them that 
slept. For, since by man came death, by man 
came also the resurrection of the dead. For 
as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all 
be made alive. But every man in his own 
order; Christ the first-fruits; afterward they 
that are his at his coming." "But some man 
will say, How are the dead raised up? and 
with what body do they come? Thou fool, 
that which thou sowest is not quickened ex- 
cept it die; and that which thou sowest, thou 
sowest not that body that shall be; but bare 
grain, it may chance, of wheat or some other 
grain: but God giveth it a body as it ha'th 
pleased him, and to every seed his own body. 
So is also the resurrection of the dead. It is 
sown in corruption, it is raised in incorrup- 
tion ; it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glo- 
ry; it is sown in weakness, it is raised in pow- 
er; it is sown a natural body, it is raised a 
spiritual body. There is a natural body, and 
there is a spiritual body." 

"Behold, I show you a mystery; we shall 
not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, in 
a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the 
last trump; for the trumpet shall sound, and 
the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and 
we shall be changed. For this corruptible 
must put on incorruption, and this mortal 
must put on immortality." 

We have quoted largely from the 15th of 
Corinthians, inasmuch as he treats the sub- 
ject very extensively. We shall now quote 
from the latter part of the 4th chapter of 
Thess., where the same apostle, treating the 
same subject, says: 

"But I would not have you to be ignorant, 
brethren, concerning them which are asleep, 
that ye sorrow not, even as others which have 
no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died 
and rose again, even so them also which sleep 
in Jesus will God bring with him. For this 
we say unto you by the word of the Lord, 
that we which are alive and remain unto the 
coming of the Lord shall not prevent them 
which are asleep. For the Lord himself 
shall descend from heaven with a shout, with 
the voice of the archangel, and with the 
1 trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall 
rise first; then we, which are alive and re- 
main, shall bo caught up together with them 
in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air; 
and so shall we ever be with the Lord." See 

also Phil. 3: 20, 21; Rom. 8: 21; 2 Thess. 1: 7. 
Much more Scripture might be produced to 
sustain the doctrine of the resurrection, but 
we have witnesses enough to sustain our po- 

The question may arise, "What is the object 
of Christ's second advent, and the resurrec- 
tion? We answer, he intends to establish 
his kingdom on earth, and reign with his peo- 
ple one thousand years. Satan will be bound 
and cast into the bottomless pit, and he shall 
deceive the nations no more until the thou- 
sand years are finished. Rev. 20. Then will 
the prophecy of Isa. 9: 6, 7, be entirely ful- 
filled. "For he shall sit on the throne of Da- 
vid, and of the increase of his government 
and peace there shall be no end; and all na- 
tions shall recognize him as their king, and 
shall worship before him." Zech. 14: 9, 16. 

However, there are great events yet to 
transpire, before that great and notable day 
of the Lord come. 

Among others, the Jews, who for over 1800 
years have been scattered to the four quar- 
ters of the earth, and persecuted more or less 
by all nation, will be restored to their land 
again. They have suffered the displeasure 
of God on a icount of their unbelief. They 
stumbled at the stumbling-stone which God 
laid in Zion. 

"But did they stumble that they should 
fall? God forbid; but rather through their 
fall salvation is come to the Gentiles, for to 
provoke them to jealousy.. For I would not, 
brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this 
mystery, lest ye be wise in your own conceits, 
that blindness in part is happened unto Is- 
rael, until the fullness of the Gentiles be 
come in. And all Israel shall be saved; as it 
is written, There shall come out of Zion the 
Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness 
from Jacob. For this is my covenant unto 
them when I shall take away their sins." — - 
Eom. 11. 

It appears, from the reasoning of Paul, 
that if the Jews, as a nation, had accepted of 
Christ as their Savior, there would have been 
no possible chance for the Gentiles; but on- 
ly a remnant of them believed and were sav- 
ed, whde the rest were blinded for the time 
being; and now, while we are looking for 
Christ's second advent into the world, they 
are looking for his first. 

Thomas, one of the twelve, t\ as a fit repre- 
sentative of the Jews as a nation: he posi- 
tively declared that he would not believe un- 
til he put his finger into the nail-print?, and 
thrust his hand into his side; but when he 
had the positive demonstration that his cru- 
cified Savior was alive before him, he imme- 
diately exclaimed, "My Lord and my God." 
Jno. 20. Likewise, the Jews will not believe 
until they see Jesus coming in the clouds of 
heaven; and when they see him as Thomas 
did, they will be convinced that this is the 
very Jesus that they crucified; and there will 
a great mourning, as a man mourneth for his 
only son, and the spirit of grace and suppli- 
cation will be poured out upon them; and fi- 
nally, when they have thoroughly repented 
for their sins, the Lord will say, "It is my 
people, and they shall say, The Lord is my 
God." See Zech. 12: 13. 

THE gospel messenger 


While all, who now accept of the means of 
grace and are saved (both Jews and Gentiles) 
will be immortalized; those who do not ac- 
cept of him till his second comirjg, will only 
be permitted to dwell in their mortal bodies, 
arid will be governed or judged by the saints. 
"And Jesus said unto them, Verily, I say un- 
to you, that ye which have followed me, in 
the regeneration, when the Son of Man 6hall 
sit upon the throne of his glory, ye shall sit 
upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve 
tribes of Israel." Matt. 19: 28. 

There will be three classes of people on 
the earth, when the Lord comes. 1st. The 
resurrected and changed saints. 2nd. Those 
who will accept of him as their king, and will 
be permitted to dwell upon the earth in their 
mortal bodies, and be subject to Christ and 
the saints. 3rd. Those who will not submit 
to his kingly government, and will be de- 
stroyed from the face of the earth. See Rev. 

Then, when all wickedness is destroyed, 
and Satan bound and cast into the bottom- 
less pit, Jesus will reign on the earth with 
his saints for one thousand years; which is 
beautifully typified in the seventh day of 
rest, and also by the seventh year of jubilee 
under the former dispensation; hence, will be 
the seven thousandth year from the creation 
of man. 

O ! that will be a blessed period, when we 
can rest from our labors, our trials, and our 
temptations, and enjoy the full favor of God, 
the society of Jesus and the holy angels, and 
meet loved ones that have gone before. In 
our next, we shall speak of some of the great 
events foretold by the prophets in the ages 
following the millennial reign. 
( To be continued. ) 



The beautiful crimson tints of the sky aft- 
er sunset in the evening and before sunrise 
in the morning, appear to be something new 
under the sun; and while its magnificent 
splendor is seen and admired by thousands, 
the cause of it is engaging the minds of sci- 
entific thinkers, and different theories have 
been advanced, but as yet, none has been ac- 
cepted as the true or correct one. That there 
is a cause for it there can be no doubt, as the 
red after sunset and before sunrise is not a 
cause, but the effect of a cause; and it is the 
cause scientists are inquiring into. And the 
best theory I have heard advanced is the one 
given by Mr. J. Norman Lockyer. I give an 
extract from the Baltimore Sun of Dec. 28, 

"The beautiful crimson tint of our western 
sky between five and six o'clock P. M., yester- 
day, renews the interest felt in this remarka- 
ble phenomenon, first noticed in Baltimore a 
month or more ago. It has been seen in all 
parts of the globe, and has given rise to much 

"Summing up in a letter to the London 
Times the observations presented by the sun 
and the eastern and western skies during the 

last three months, Mr. J. Norman Lockyer 
deduces the theory that they are to be attrib- 
uted to volcanic dust thrown into the upper 
currents of the atmosphere during the climax 
of: the tremendous volcanic eruption of Mt. 
Krakatoa, near the coast of Java, on the 26th 
and 27th of August last. 

"Mr. Lockyer admits, that aqueous vapor 
in our air is the chief cause of sunset color 
normally, but he holds that the phenomena 
in question are not such as watery vapors us- 
ually produce, and cites the facts recorded by 
meteorologists that for some time past the 
air has been unusually dry. During the 
eruption of Krakatoa, millions of tons of 
matter and perhaps millions of cubic miles 
of vapor must have been hurled into the up- 
per air. 

"The coarser part of this matter would 
soon descend, but the mere dust, comparable 
in fineness to the particles of aqueous vapor 
usually floating in the air, would remain in 
suspension, and being borne along by winds, 
which over the equator sometimes attain a 
velocity of 150 miles an hour, would be 
spread over almost the entire globe. Under 
the influence of the trade-winds, it would 
first be found circling the globe on east and 
west lines, but it would ultimately be traced 
to localities at some distance to the north and 
south of the equator. 

"At first, the sun seen through the cloud of 
volcanic dust would, it is to be supposed, 
have its light so much dimmed as to appear 
no brighter than the moon. Later, as the 
larger particles of dust fall to the earth, the 
various colors of the solar spectrum would 
appear in a certain order, determined by the 
absorptive powers of particles of increasing 
degrees of fineness. Such, at least, is the an- 
ticipation of the scientist, and Mr. Lockyer 
thinks this anticipation is confirmed by the 
recorded facts. 

"Batavia was in darkness for thirty- six 
hours, — a case of total absorption. At the 
Seychelles, further west, on the morning of 
the 29th of August, the sun was more like a 
full moon than anything else, and at sunset, 
on the 28th, it looked as it does through a 
fog in England. There is nothing about col- 
or. Further west still, on the other side of 
Africa, along the gold coast, on the 1st of 
September, an Englishman mistook the sun 
for the moon. 

"The next news is from Maranham, in the 
same latitude as Java and the Seychelles, on 
the coast of Brazil, where, at 7 A. M., the 
sun possessed a light as soft and pale as the 
moon. In Venezuela, a little later, the sun, 
at 3 P. M., was observed to be of a bluish- 
green. At Trinidad, it looked like a blue 
globe, and after dark, from the brightness of 
the heavens, we thought there was a fire in 
the towns. Taking a different parallel of lat- 
itude, the sun is seen in Ceylon, from the 8th 
of September, to be blue and green at differ- 
ent times, its heat was lessened, and on some 
mornings there was no light for an hour aft- 
er sunrise. 

"At Ongole, in Southern India, on Septem- 
ber 10, at 4 P. M., the sun was a curious pale 
blue, which passed gradually into a green 

and then into a yellow, and afterwards, a won- 
derful thing for the twilightless tropics, a 
very deep red remained for more than an 
hour after sunset. On the 13th, the same red 
sunset was seen. On the 20th of September 
the strange sunset was observed at the Cape 
of Good Hope, and on the 9th of November 
it was seen in England. 

"Here is a progression of phenomena, first 
traced from East to West, then from the 
equator North and South; and Mr. Lockyer 
argues that this progression is such as would 
be caused by the gradual thinning out of 
clouds of volcanic dust, the coarser particles 
settling first and the finer afterwards. First, 
there is total absorption of the sun's light at 
Batavia, then a pale sun as far west as Mar- 

"By the time Venezuela was reached, the 
coarser particles had fallen from the upper 
air, leaving behind the finer ones, some of 
which would stop the blue light and some 
the red. Neutral tints now give way to green 
and blue. At sunrise, when the sun was seen 
through a long stretch of aqueous vapor, 
which assisted the firmer sort of particles, 
the sun was seen green; but at noon, when 
the sun was seen through a smaller thickness 
of air and aqueous vapor, the predominance 
of the red absorption was ma,rked and the 
sun appeared to be blue. 

"After a time, all but the finest particles of 
dust disappeared from the air, and it is this 
dust, reflecting the sun's light after sunset, 
that prolongs the twilight in the direct ratio 
of its height above the earth. This height, 
Prof. Helmholtz states, is about forty miles." 

This theory appears plausible, and is, I 
presume, the correct one. The effect of the 
eruption upon the sun is traced from the 
equator east and west, north and south over 
the globe; and the appearance of the sun as 
seen from different points of the earth, vari- 
ed from almost total obscurity, to the pale- 
ness of the moon, to blue, green, and finally 
red, as now seen by us; these changes be- 
ing the effect of the coarseness and denee- 
ness of the vapor dust thrown into the at- 
mosphere by the eruption. From observa- 
tion we know that the sun seen through fog 
or smoke has different appearances. 

The only objection against this theory is, 
the length of time this vapor dust should re- 
main suspended in the atmosphere. But 
when we observe the coarse and heavy smoke 
from a few puffs of the passing engine in 
certain states of the atmosphere, kept sus- 
pended in horizontal streaks for hours; why 
should it be a mystery if the vapor dust, 
burned and pulverized by the intense heat of 
the internal fires of the earth to impercepti- 
ble fineness, and lighter than air itself, be 
suspended in the atmosphere for an indefi- 
nite length of time? 

"I would do what I pleased," said the in- 
comparable Cervantes; "and, doing what I 
pleased, I should have my will; and having 
my will, I should be contented ; and when one 
is contented, there is no more to be desired; 
and when there is no more to be desired, 
there'is an end of it." 



t!u> \Y,>i\i." 



- . ■ . ore compassed about 

.. - witnesses, let us lay aside everv 

so easily beset us, and 

ce ihe race that is set before us. looting 

our faith: who. for 

- - I before him, endured the cross, de- 

- - - and is set down at the right hand of 

" — Heb. 12: 1. 2. 

-- I Savior illustrated and enforc- 
■- principles of Divine Truth by 
the: mmon objects iu nature, as well 

- common engagements of man- 
kiud. His inspired Apostles followed his ex- 
ample. And Paul, in our text as he did in 
■lis other Epistles, uses the race to 
illustrate the earnestness, diligence and zeal 
which the Christian should exert in the cause 
of the Master, as well as the great reward 
. will be given to the victor, 
I at-racing was a very popular and honor- 
able game in ancient times, in the Oriental 
Id. They were held at stated times in 
different cities, the most noted being those at 
Olympia, in Greece. 

Among the coincidences between the an- 
cient game and the Christian race, we notice, 
1. That those who strove foe the mas- 


if Ave would be lawful and victorious com- 
petitors for life and immortality, must enter 
rch of the living God, which is the 
"pillar and ground of truth." And as the an- 
racers all entered the same circle, so 
should we, by the Way, enter the One Body, 
which Jesus says is "my church," and against 
which the powers of hell shall not prevail. 
Striving is optional. So it was in 
race, so it is in the heavenly. The 
doctrine of free agency stands out promi- 
nently in the pages of Divine Revelation. — 
language of the Bible is, "Choose you 
whom you will serve." "Whosoever 
will, let him take of the water of life freely." 
"How often would I have gathered you to- 
gether . . . but ye would not!" 
3. The witnesses. All Greece assembled 
• race. Kings and generals, po- 
philosophers, and the common peo- 
ie to look upon the animating 
at a great cloud of witnesses 
surr- Christiana in their race for life, 

hi ng their movements, and 
ait to deceive, pressing hard to 
draw them from the skies; — fellow-beings are 
... their progress in the divine life 
they are diligent in every good work, 
shine before them, they 
Detrained to go and do likewise; — 

on befoie, 
b them a] shore." 

• I i ■ ■ pirits of the just 

'J<*-li<;djt. in our improve- 

gher life. The thought that 

tantfl -. three worlds are interest- 

1 in our course, should cause us 


sin that doth so easilv beset us. The can- 
didates in the ancient games would throw 
aside everything that would impede their 
speed; so Christians should dispense with ev- 
erything that would hinder them in their 
course. For no one, with the lust of the 
flesh, the lust of the eye, the pride of life, 
the love of the world in their hearts, will 
reach the immortal goal. And especially our 
besetting sin, the sin of our constitution, the 
sin that meets us at every turn and at all 
times, — this should be laid aside and careful- 
ly guarded against. "Wherefore, laying 
aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocri- 
sies, and envies, and evil speakings, as new- 
born babes desire the sincere milk of the 
Word, that ye may grow thereby," and with 
the strength thus obtained, 

5. Run with patience the race that is 
set before us. Any work is performed bet- 
ter w'th patience than with impatience, es- 
pecially the works of righteousness. In fact, 
a work that is tinctured with impatience is 
not a righteous work. There are difficulties 
in-the Christian's path — obstructions to be 
surmounted, obstacles to be removed, temp- 
tations to be resisted, labors to be performed 
and persecutions to be endured. These 
should all be met with patience. "In pa- 
tience possess ye your souls" — "patient con- 
tinuance in well-doing" — -"Ye have heard of 
the patience of Job;" imitate it, for it cannot 
be excelled. 

And the Christian is to run. There is 
nothing in this text that encourages faith- 
alone theory. For, as in running a natural 
race, we employ all our limbs, muscles, ten- 
dons, bones, fibres, arteries and veins; so in 
running the race for heaven, we should, with 
all our heart, soul, mind, and strength; with 
all our God-given talents and powers, "press 
forward toward the mark of the prize of the 
high calling of God in Christ Jesus." 

6. Looking unto jesus. The candidates 
in the ancient race looked to the judge who 
sat at the end of the course, near the goal or 
prize, knowing that any violation of the rules 
of the same would be hazarding their chance 
for the victory. 

Christians should look to Jesus; look to 
him with penitence for their sins, affection 
for his person, acquiescence to his blessed 
Gospel, a longing desire for his grace in all 
its diversity of operations; look away from 
themselves, away from the world, away from 
the opposing forces, and look to Jesus for en- 
couragement, for help; "for without me," said 
he, in his blessed Word, "ye can do nothing." 
Says Paul, "I can do all things through him 
that strengtheneth me." "Thanks be to God 
that giveth us the victory through our Lord 
Jesus Christ." 

7. The reward or prize. In the ancient 
race, the victor was crowned with wreaths of 
wild laurel, olive or pine. He had given un- 
to him branches of palms, which he carried 
in his right hand. With these, he was con- 
ducted through the Stadium by a herald, re- 
ceiving the applauses of the multitudes. He 
was taken in a chariot to his city, where a 

public feast awaited him; and was maintain- 
ed the rest of his life by tb.3 State. 

But what shall we say of the honors that 
will be bestowed on the faithful Christian 
racer? A crown of life — of righteousness — ' 
a home in heaven — everlasting life — joy un- 
speakable and full of glory. ''Eye hath not 
seen, ear hath not heard, neither hath it en- 
tered into the heart of man the joy" that 
awaits the faithful Christian runner. If 
there is joy in heaven when he enters the 
course, what will be the joy when he 
pletes it? 

8. In the Olympic race, all run, but one 
receives- the prize. In the Christian race, all 
may receive the prize. Christ tasted death 
for every man, opened up a new and living 
way for all and whosoever follows his foot- 
steps and holds out faithful until death will 
receive the plaudit, "Well done, good and 
faithful servant, enter thou into the joys of 
thy Lord." 

Dear hearers, have you entered the course ? 
If so, set your affections on things above, — 
lay up your treasures in heaven, — and with 
all your God-given energies' press forward. 
If not, why not? What is there in earth, for 
you to desire to remain here? Or what is 
there in hell to cause you to go down the 
broad road to RUIN? We have heard of 
people missing opportunities to gain wealth, 
distinction, etc., and they regretted their mis- 
take. But what will be the REGRET of 
those who neglect so great salvation, and will 
have to take up their abode in everlasting 
burnings? Come, for all things are now 
ready. To-day the Savior calls. 

New Lebanon, O. 



To Bro. John Y. Suavely, ei al., cf Illinois : — 
You have asked a great thing, far more 
than I am able to do. If the Lord will 
"shine into my heart, to give the light of the 
knowledge of the glory of God in the face of 
Jesus Christ," I may reflect a ray in the elu- 
cidation of the subject you propose. 

You ask- for "a clear and full explanation 
of 1 Cor. 11: 27." We will start with the im- 
portant but neglected truth that the Word is 
larger than the letter. In the beginning was 
the Word. It was; it began, not. Then it 
was addressed to the ear, and lastly to the 
eye. It was spoken, then written. But the 
Speaker is greater than what is spoken or 
written. The letter is our guide, not our 
rest. It leads to the Word. Heaven and 
earth pass away, but my words shall not pass 
away. The pronoun My gathers into itself 
all the emphasis of this solemn sentence. — 
Because the Word is Eternal, His utterances 
are what they are. 

The main stress of your query centres in 
this: "How do we become guilty of the body 
and blood of the Lord?" So you have it 
worded. The how is read on the face of the 
context, but uhai it is to become thus guilty 
is not so apparent. Taken in aDy sense, the 
declaration is one of awful import. With 



trembling as well as rejoicing we should ap- 
proach the Lord's table. To drink the wine 
of devils out of the cup that represents the 
greatest work and sacrifice possible to God, 
is in very deed to be guilty of Deicide. To 
eat and drink unworthily, not to discern the 
Lord's body, and to be guilty of his body 
and blood, are synonymous expressions. The 
entire issue, then, turns on the momentous 
question, what it is to eat and drink un worth- 


This is the pivot-question of Christendom. 
The whole intent of Jehovah concentrated 
in the cross, and this sublime, all-overtop- 
ping fact is symbolized in the bread and cup 
of the Eucharist. And just as the wholeness 
of Christ's character and work are expressed 
in the cross, so is the Christian's expressed 
in what symbolizes the atonement. To live 
after the flesh and partake of that sacrament 
which represents the utter death of the flesh, 
is to be guilty of the most damning lie and 
the most outrageous murder. It is to com- 
bine the sins of Iscariot and the crucifiers. — 
It is to represent Christ as the minister of 

It is to declare that the agonies and blood 
and crucifixion of Emmanuel have put a pre- 
mium on sin. He that lives on common 
bread declares thereby that he belongs to 
earth, and "he that eats this bread and drinks 
this cup," thereby declares that he is born of 
God, is in perfect sympathy with the life and 
death and aims of the Godman, and has no 
purpose or pleasure but those of the Holy 
Trinity. To falsify the meaning of the sa- 
cred symbols by a worldly, carnal, selfish life, 
is to eat and drink damnation to ourselves, 
become guilty of all the criminality of the 
crucifixion, because we discern not the Lord's 
body, that is, do not apprehend the intent. — 
He that discerns the Lord's body, lives in 
the character he embodied and manifested. 

We take our daily life to the Lord's table. 
We cannot be mammon- worshippers at home 
and Jehovah-worshippers in the sanctuary? 
We cannot eat our daily bread in vanity and 
unthankf ulness and belly-worship, and par- 
take of the holy symbols in harmony with 
their significance. The Lord's Supper is not 
a snow-white parenthesis in a history of mon- 
ey-greed and self-pleasing and carnal indul- 
gence. Such are Christ-murderers and self- 
murderers. They are guilty of mangling 
and scandalizing the Son of God. Their 
damnation is the deeper for abusing God's 
means of rescuing from sin and perdition. — 
What the Eucharist represents, the life must 
be. Not so to be, is damnation. To pretend 
so to be, and be the reverse is to crucify the 
Lord Jesus afresh and put him to an open 
shame. "A body hast thou prepared me." — 
This is the sine qua non of redemption. — 
The blood of bulls and goats was far from 
sufficient. Human blood would not reach. 
The demand was a Divine-human sacrifice. 
Such a body means the mastery of the flesh 
by the Spirit, the highest possible uses of the 
human by the Divine. Christ saved Him- 
self from the beginning, and this is the re- 
demption of human nature. Salvation means 
precisely the same for us, and this is the true 

discernment of the Lord's body. We can- 
not discern the Lord's body in its symbols, 
unless we discern him in our own body. We 
cannot eat without life, and we cannot eat 
his flesh and drink his blood, save with his 
own life. What is born of the flesh is flesh, 
and cannot participate in the joy's and ends 
of the incarnation. God is not mocked. — 
He will not allow us to trifle with his insti- 
tutions, and much less with what they repre- 

That sin is an infinite evil, and that re- 
demption from its curse and power cost God 
all that he was capable of, is manifest in the 
Incarnation and the Cross. God was in 
Christ. God hung on the Cross. God bled 
and died for sin. All then is symbolized in 
the bread and wine. This is my body. This 
is my blood. MY. This is more than hu- 
man. It is very God in our nature, suffering 
for our sin, and opening the gates of pearl 
for our entrance. To miss this truth is to 
miss salvation. Not to discern this Divine- 
human body is to be damned. To eat and 
drink uncrucified of the symbols of the cru- 
cifixion, is to spit in the face of the Great 
Sin-bearer, and say, groan and bleed and 
suffer and die, thou Son of God, I will sin. — 
N^o wonder that Paul pours out such terrible 
denunciations against those who eat and 
drink unworthily. 



Oub text embraces all the duties of life. — 
We may profess to love Christ; we may sin- 
cerely think we do love him, but the proof 
for it may be seen by knowing whether we 
keep his commandments. The obedient on- 
ly are the loving. We may loudly proclaim 
the name of Jesus; we may bestow all our 
goods to feed the poor, and yet, if we have 
not charity, it profiteth us nothing. We are 
commanded to follow after charity. If we 
obey the command, we shall have a favora- 
ble opinion of everything that is good. That 
is the meaning of charity. Chr'st's com- 
mands are all good; and if wo like them, if 
we have a favorable opinion of them, or, in 
other words, if we love him, we will keep his 
commandments. • 

In Matt. 5: 42, Jesus commands us to give 
"to him that asketh thee." If we do not 
give, we are not charitable, and yet we may 
give very liberally and still not be charitable. 
In the sight of God, the value of giving de- 
pends upon the motive and not upon the act 
or the amount given. We may give unwill- 
ingly, or because others give, or for some 
selfish reason. In such cases, we have not 
charity. Generosity and kindness may ap- 
pear in the external act, while the motives 
prompting them are mean and selfish. 

Again, Jesus says: "A new commandment 
I give unto you that ye love one another." — 
We may think we love our neighbors, but if 
when talking about them, we find ourselves 
habitually telling their faults, it is conclusive 
evidence that we do not love them. We all 

have faults but few are so degraded as not 
to have some virtues. If we actually love a 
man we will not say much about his faults. — 
No man can hate the rainbow, because there 
is nothing hateful about it. God's beautiful 
rainbow of promise is perfectly lovely, and 
we naturally behold it with a sense of admi- 
ration. No one can love the toad or ugly spi- 
der, because there is nothing lovely about 
them. They subserve their place in the great 
economy of nature, but we are naturally dis- 
gusted at the appearance of anything that is 
entirely destitute of lovable qualifications. — 
The point is this, we can love anything that 
is lovable and we cannot help but despise 
anything that is hateful. Man is not alto- 
gether lovely nor altogether hateful. He is 
a mixture of good and evil. Solomon says 
of Christ: "He is altogether lovely." Cant. 
5: 16. We may become like Jesus if we keep 
his commandments. 

It was a well-expressed motto of an Ital- 
ian philosopher "time was his estate," an es- 
tate, indeed, which however will produce 
nothing without cultivation, but will always 
abundantly repay the labors of industry, and 
satisfy the most extensive desires, if no part 
of it be suffered to lie waste by negligence. 

Learning is not wisdom, nor is it always 
knowledge. It is not what is put into the 
mind, but what the mind is made capable of 
doing and producing, which is the desidera- 

JMktj %$lu\i. 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

SHO^fFF.— In the city of Bryan, Williams Co., Ohio, 
IVc. 10th, sister Elizabeth ShoufT, agtd 31 yeais, .7 
months and 10 clays. 

Deceased was the wife of our esteemed friend John 
H. Shoiiff, who, with five children, a mother and nine 
brotheis and tisters, are left to mourn her departure. — 
Her disease was consumption, and although suffeiing a 
great deal, bore it all with nohle Christian fortitude. 
Funeral Dec. 12th at her late residence, improved by 
Eld. Thurston Miller, of South Beud, Ind , from St. 
John 11:25, 26. T. 

STRONG. — In the bounds of the Manor congregation, 

Indiana Co., Pa., friend John Strong, aged 55 years, 

9 months and 28 clays. 

The deceased, though having made no profession, a 

few weeks before his departure sent for the Brethren 

and desired lei gious services at his bedside. This was 

attended to, when he expressed iaith in the' efficacy of 

the blood of Christ, and, feeing h ; s end near, said, "I 

am satisfied." Funeral services from Psalm 89: 4. 

Jos H lsoppi.k. 

ROSE.-In LittleSt. Joe church, Ind.. Die. 21, Bro. 
John Rose, aged 69 years, 3 months and 4 clays. 
Deceased leaves a wile and seven children to irjoum 
their loss. Funeral by the writer from Matt. 25: 21 to a 
large and sympathetic audience. John Staffokd. 

OWN BY. — At his residence in Decatur City, Decatur 
Co., Iowa, Dec 21, Bro James H. Ownby, ag(d 70 
years, 1 mouth and 14 days. 

Bro. James was bora in Bedford Co.. Va.; was mar- 
ried in Franklin Co , Yd.., in 1889 to Allie A. Ray. He 
joined theBrethien church m 1843, seiving as a deacon 
tor a uurnber of years. Funeral services by the und< r- 
s-gned from Heb. 13: 14. S. A. Gakbek. 





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Mr. Morris, 111., 

.fan. 22, 1S84. young damsels forsook the ranks of 
n, and united with the people of God 
in the Logan church, Ohio. 

We shall soon hear from Bro. Enoch Eby 
again, through the MESSENGER. Bro. Enoch 
is still alive in the Master's cause. 

The Manor church, Pa,, received one, re- 
cently, by baptism during the series of meet- 
ing?, held by our young brother, G. S. 

Indiana, this while past, is the banner 
State to report conversions. The Spirit of 
the Lord must surely be moving oyer that 

Bko. Isaac Kunkle, of Weaverton, Ohio, 
reports good meetings held in the Christian 
ch. Bro. Oliver Yount was with them 
and preached. 

Twenty-seven young girls and nuns recent- 
ly perished in the Immaculate Conception 
Institute, at Belleville, 111., which was de- 
stroyed by fire, 

Put heart in your work, whatever you do. 
If it be the lowliest, simplest, little task, it 
will be ennobled by your doing it well, and 
cheerful!}-, and taking real pleasure in it. 

Thi i ilea to form a young man are — 

k little, to hear much, to reflect alone 

upon what has passed in company, to distrust 

pinion and value others that de- 


of our correspondents will please.ex- 

for boiling their letters down simply 

items. ( ' )u account of the delay in 

our;, »rk for several weeks, we got oTer- 

; but keep on writing. 

We le out patrons are receiving their 

again, We are sorry, in- 

. for the long delay. We are working 

. np again. Printers, as well as 

farr. g ■ ■■■■ back with their work, 

in a while. 

Bko. John Knisley intends, by the 24th 
of this month, to go on a mission of love to 
Ohio, visiting churches in Darke, Miami and 
Montgomery counties. 

Bko. J. S. Peeblek, of Hardy, Nuckolls 
Co., Neb., has a kind word to say for the 
Messenger; so have many others. Thank 
you, brethren and friends. 

Elder D. Shively, of Indiana, held a se- 
ries of meetings, quite recently, near Good's 
Mills, Rockingham Co., Va. Two were bap- 
tized, so reports brother Samuel Petry. 

Is it you, sister, that sent us one dollar on 
Jan. 15th, in the form of a postal note, de- 
siring to pay for past or present subscription 
but failing to give us your name and address"? 

Bro. O. A. Swab, of Shannon, 111., reports 
good meetings there a few weeks ago. Bro. 
Stephen Yoder, of Iowa, and Bro. Jesse 
Heckler, of Arnold's Grove, did the preach- 

Bro. L. M. Dunbar, of Potato Creek, Ind., 
reports good meetings held in his district 
by Bro. I T lery, of Camden, and Bro. Burns, of 
Goshen. As a result, five were baptized to 
walk in the newness of life. 

Bro. Vaniman, in his "Chips for the Work- 
house," presents a chip in a forthcoming 
article, which, certainly, should be heeded by 
those who visit St. Louis. A hint to the 
thoughtful sufficient. 

On the 23rd insi, we received the sad 
news that Bro. John Zuck's family, of Clar- 
ance, Iowa, are all sick with fever. "While 
in the "West preaching, he was telegraphed for, 
to come home. This is a world of sorrow. 

The students' prayer-meeting, held in the 
College Chapel every Thursday evening, is 
better attended than any previous year. 
These meetings are interesting; and one can, 
during the year, treasure up many useful 

Bro. Isaac Cripe reports fourteen addi- 
tions to the North Fork church, Ind.; all were 
young people. This was the result of a se- 
ries of meetings held from the 7th to the 
15th inst. Ministers present, brethren Da- 
vid Neff, John Metzger, and Sanford Saylor. 

The Brethren of West Manchester, O., 
are anxious to have a series of meetings; 
something that they never had yet. They 
think some good might be accomplished 
there. "Who will go and hold a series? 
Please confer with brother E. Stephen, of 
same place. 

"I do not feel able to give anything for the 
Lord's cause at present time." "Why not?" 
"I must have my money to buy more land." 
"What for?" "To raise more corn." What 
for'?" "To raise more hogs and cattle." 
"What for?" "To make more money." 
"What for?" "To purchase more property." 
And thus the answer runs from — more mon- 
ey, to more land, to mo~e hogs, to more mon- 
ey, to more land, ad infinitum. 

A brother, in a short article, says, that 
the article in No. 46, Vol. 21, page 313, 
headed "Preachers' Habits," should be read 
and re-read time and again, by our ministers. 
He thinks it did him good, and that it will 
do others good. 

A modern statistician shows in figures that 
about two-thirds of the world's population 
make no pretensions towards Christianity ' 
whatever. And of the other third only one 
in seventy-five can be count 3d as an approx- 
imate Christian according to the Bible 

The older son of Elder W. B. Sell, of Gay- 
nor City, Mo., was elected to the ministry on 
the 15th of Dec, last. Elder Sell has the 
oversight of three congregations, located in 
three different counties, besides doing other 
missionary work. He is also delegate to 
next A. M. 

Now and then we receive the name of a 
subscriber without the pales of the church. 
This is as it should be, only we desire more 
of them. They are the ones who need .to 
study Christian sentiments. From the 
world there is a constant stream of converts 
into the church, but it should not be rice 

Bro. Jacob Webster, of Auxvasse, Calla- 
way. Co., Mo., tells in a letter of the good 
meetings he attended in their vicinity, where 
the preaching was done by Bro. Gideon Bol- 
inger, of Johnson Co., and Daniel Province, 
of Saline Co. He invites the brethren to 
come often; he thinks there could be much 
good done there, especially if they had a res- 
ident minister. There is a chance for you, 
young missionary, to work in the vineyard. 

Grace is omnipotent, and we should not 
limit its power to keep us from sin; yet of 
our attainments in the Christian life we 
should speak with humility. A brother said: 
"I thank God I am not a sinner at all any 
more. I was a wretched sinner and used to 
follow in the ways of the old nature, but that 
is my heritage no longer. I have not a sin- 
ful desire. I am walking with God, and I 
do not sin. That is my testimony, and I do 
not whisper it. I am a saved man." And 
the brother repeated it in loud tones. 


Brother Moore: — 

' I would 1 ike you or some other brother to answer the 
following questions* 

1 . Who is the author of the Book of Mormons? 

2. Where was it written? 

3. What year did Joe Smith get hold of it? 

4 Phase give the history of the rise of AJouncnism? 

1. The real author of the "Book of Mor- 
mons" is Solomon Spaulding, a Baptist min- 
ister, born in Ashford, Conn., in 1761. About 
the year 1811, while living in Conneaut, 
Ohio, he wrote an ingenious romance con- 
cerning some Jews, who left Jerusalem 600 
years B. C, and traveled east till they came 
to the Pacific ocean. There they built a 
boat, crossed the ocean, and landed in Amer- 
ica. Their number increased, cities were 
built, empires or kingdoms established, and 



wars raged long before Christ. A prophet 
among these people, buried golden plates, 
in a hill in the State of New York, contain- 
ing revelations from God. The story is a 
long one, and fascinatingly written. The 
book was placed in a printing-office in Pitts- 
burgh in 1812. In this office was a young 
man by the name of Sidney Eigdon. He 
was so greatly pleased with the book that it 
is said he copied it. Spaulding, however, 
died before any arrangements were perfect- 
ed for printing the work. Soon after getting 
possession of Spaulding's romance, Kigdon 
quitted the printing office and commenced 
preaching a doctrine peculiar to himself. — 
About this time there lived in the. State of 
New York a visionary young man, by the 
name of Joe Smith. He was notoriously 
lazy, but as cunning as a fox, and as full of 
visions as a witch. Eigdon showed Smith 
his new revelation. Then Smith found the 
golden plates said to contain a revelation from 
God. This is the true origin of the Mor- 
mon Bible, as some call it. 

2 and 3. It was first written about the 
year 1811, and shown to Smith within a few 
years after Eigdon left the printing office. — 
Smith claimed that he received the' plates 
Sept. 22, 1827. The book was printed in 

4. The Mormon church was organized at 
Manchester, N. Y., April 6, 1830. The first 
conference was held in June, when the mem- 
bership had increased to thirty. In January 
of the next year, the whole body removed to 
Kirkland, Ohio. Here many converts were 
made. Smith and Eigdon established a 
bank, which failed in 1838. To avoid arrest, 
they fled to Missouri. A Mormon settle- 
ment had previously been established in 
Jackson Co., Mo. Becoming involved in a 
quarrel with the people of Missouri, they 
were by mobs driven to Clay Co., and then 
to Caldwell Co., where Smith and Eigdon 
joined them. Towards the close of 1838, 
the war between the people of Missouri and 
the Mormons became so severe that the lat- 
ter agreed to leave the State. They then set- 
tled in Hancock Co., Ill, and built Nauvoo. 
Here they gained much strength and did a 
great deal of mischief. They defied the laws 
of the State, and commenced advocating po- 
lygamy. Smith was finally arrested and put 
in jail by the State authorities. This was in 
May 1811. Iu June a mob attacked the jail 
and killed Smith. Brigham Young, who had 
become a Mormon while they were yet at 
Kirkland, Ohio, was elected President in Joe 
Smith's plfce. Their hostility towards the 
State at this time was so great that the Legis- 
lature repealed the charter of Nauvoo in 
1815. Then the Mormons, in great bodies, 
commenced moving westward, and in 1846 the 
remainder were driven out of Nauvoo at the 
point of the bayonet. Brigham Young and 
a party reached Utah in July 1847. The 
main body arrived in the Fall of 1848. The 

rest of their history is too well known to 
need repetition here. 

They now number considerably over one 
hundred thousand souls, and yet the organi- 
zation is not 74 years old. The whole thing 
started from that novel written by Solomon 
Spaulding. This is certainly enough mis- 
chief for one novel to do. J. H. M. 


We hope each congregation in the Broth- 
erhood is making or has made preparations 
for a few series of meetings this Winter. — 
These meetings should now be held as soon 
as it is possible to get ready for them; 
for the early part of the Winter usually has 
the most suitable weather for those who live 
in the rural districts and have to go some 
distance to reach the place of meeting. It 
might be well to secure the services of some 
minister living outside of your congregation. 
You need not look for a great preacher; what 
you need is a working preacher. Do not 
overdo the thing by getting too many minis- 
ters. One good working preacher, with the 
home ministers to open and close the meet- 
ings, will accomplish more than the scatter- 
ed efforts of a half dozen. Do not scatter 
your meetings, but concentrate your efforts 
at the point where you think the most good 
may be accomplished. Arrange for your 
meetings to last not less than ten days; two 
weeks would be letter yet, and make arrange- 
ments with your preacher beforehand for 
him to put in the necessary amount of time 
at your place. Then, when he comes, do not 
make big dinners all over the neighborhood 
and have the minister come and eat with you. 
It may not be out of place to say that our 
good sisters are the most tempting cooks in 
America, and very few ministers can resist 
the temptation of the good meals these sis- 
ters set before them. As a consequence the 
minister gets sick and the meetings must 
close. If you will give him the plain, sim^ 
pie food that you are accustomed to every 
day, it will make him feel better, and enable 
him to do more and better work in his meet- 
ings. It will be well enough to invite him 
to dine with you, but under no circumstanc- 
es should he be taken from house to house 
to help eat big dinners. 

Do not depend upon the preacher doing all 
the work. He may preach good sermons, 
but it is the duty of the members to see that 
there is good singing and the house well fill- 
ed with people. 

In order to fill the house, all the members 
should attend with their families and make 
special endeavors to have all their neighbors 
attend also. People appreciate invitations 
to attend meeting. Let no secular business 
keep you away from the meetings. During 
the meetings the members should visit the 
families that are inclined towards the church, 
and in that way they may be instrumental in 

doing more good in a quiet way than is gen- 
erally accomplished in the public services. 

J. H. M. 


Some think that because they do nothing, 
they are harmless and should be classed 
with the righteous. They more properly be- 
long to that class who are so good that they 
are actually good for nothing. The Loid 
needs workers in his vineyard ; he has no use 
for idlers. 

The farmer who does nothing is the man 
who raises no crops, and must beg his living 
while his wife and children suffer for the 
want of food and raiment. He is the one 
whose fields are overgrown with weeds, and 
whose farm is a disgrace to the community. 

The woman who does nothing is the one 
whose house is in disorder, whose family suf- 
fers, and who is in no way a credit to any so- 
oiety or community. 

The preacher who does nothing, is the one 
whose flock suffers for the want of spiritual 
food, whose congregation is idle and of no 
valuable consequence in the world. 

The church that does nothing, is the church 
that has neither candlestick nor light. She 
is dead, though numbered among the living. 
This doing nothing stagnates everything that 
comes under its influence. It is the surest 
road on earth to destruction both spiritually 
and temporally. The man who spends a 
whole life-time doing nothing, is fit for nei- 
ther earth nor heaven. To such God would 
say, "I would that thou wert either cold or 

No teacher wants a student who does noth- 
ing. No man would hire a servant who does 
nothing. No man or woman will seek a com- 
panion who does nothing, neither is it rea- 
sonable to suppose that the Lord wants any 
one in heaven who does nothing. He who 
seeks to enter into the rest to come on the 
ground that he has done nothing, may do 
well to profit by the experience of the little 
boy in school. When told by the teacher 
that he deserved punishment, he said, "I 
have done nothing." Says the teacher, ''That 
is just what I am going to punish you for." 

J. H. M. 

The Brethren in the Washington Creek 
church, Kan., are engaged in building a new 
meeting-house, the basement being complet- 
ed already. 

The recent report of the Managers of the 
American Bible Society shows that during 
1883, 500 different men have been employed 
by the Society for longer or shorter periods; 
they have rendered 46,674 days of service; 
traveled 556,364 miles; visited 650,940 fam- 
ilies; found 87,080 destitute of a Bible; sup- 
plied 66,546 of these, 37,556 individuals. 
They have put in circulation 349,010 copies 
of the Scriptures, of which 277,585 of the 
value of $105,710 84 were sold, and 71,425 of 
the value of $17,688.09 were donated. 




time akd its responsibilities. 

Time is said to be a frag- 
ility, clipped at both ends. With 
the h mind time is as nothing. "One 

the Lord as a thousand years, 
and a thousand years as one day." For our 
time is divided and subdivided 
aents, seconds, minutes, hours, days, 
fchs, years, centuries aud ages, till 
merge into the great ocean of eternity. 
Time, like a miehty river, is constantly 
n. It matters not whether we 
v whether we drink, whether we wake or 
her we sleep, in sickness or health, at 
road, the moments continue to 
come Scarcely has a moment come, 

tie pulse beaten, till it is gone and anoth- 
- its place. Those little fragments of 
time, while they seem unimportant in them- 
~. are nevertheless constantly bearing 
. to the throne of God the momentary oc- 
currences of our life, whether good or evil. 

Those momentary occurrences constitute 
the sum total of our life here. A moment 
may embrace enough wickedness to sink a 
soul into the bottomless pit. A moment may 
zontain the elements of eternal life. — 
"Lord, remember me;' was the momentary 
expression of the thief on the cross. "To-day 
thou shalt be with me in Paradise," was the 
momentary response of the Savior. 

Then, since so much importance attaches 

to a moment, how sacredly ought we, as 

the custodians of our time, improve those 

golden moments to the honor and glory of 

When we thus improve them, we can 

hem speed their flight till our course is 

run on earth, and we merge into the great 

,n of eternity, — the ocean of God's love. 


In consequence of the constant coming 

and going of time, we become careless of its 

oiiities. There is perhaps nothing 

of which we are more prodigal than time; 

nly are impressed with its importance 

when time with us is about to fail. How 

many have made the sad expression when 

near death's door, "If I only could just live 

i again; or if I could just live a 

a more! Just one day!" Like Queen 

th when on her dying bed she ex- 

"Millions of money for an inch of 

! : '.11 the wealth of England and 

that of the world besides, cannot prolong the 

brittle thread of life beyond its allotted 


,.-.t tedious part of our time here, is 

ith to manhood. The years seem to 

After we have arrived fully at 

ears begin to move more rap- 

■■■>■ become, the more rapid 

.." time .seem to roll. No doubt 

e many i orld whose hair is 

. . . gray, and their cheeks £ur- 

• i o rould loci beels 

•r, and shout in 

thunder 5 top, I am getting old too 

Lipping away too rapidly. I 

do not want the evidences of age and death 
to be crowding upon me so soon." But we 
might as well try to stop the mighty current 
of the Mississippi or the ceaseless motion of 
the tide, as to stay the onward march of the 
mighty river of time. 

There seems but a step between manhood 
and three score and ten. When we reflect 
upon our youthful days, as children in the 
family circle, playing in all the innocency of 
childhood, we can hardly persuade ourselves 
of the fact that we are fifty or sixty years 
old, and are among the aged people of the 

Another new year is born. The year 1884 
has come, after waiting nearly six thousand 
years. Ever since the morning stars sang 
together, and the sun began to move in its 
mighty course, year after year has passed 
away, till 1884 made its appearance. What 
may occur during its existence, no one can 
tell. Its predecessor was full of remarkable 
events. Many lives were lost during its 
existence on sea and land. Hundreds lost 
their lives in the burning of hotels and thea- 
tres. Thousands were killed by earthquakes 
and volcanic eruptions. Many hundreds 
were killed by railroad accidents, storms and 
cyclones as well as by contagious diseases in 
foreign lands. 

Speaking of the world to come, 1884 finds 
a large majority of the human race unpre- 

We would impress upon the minds of our 
readers the fact that every year spent in sin 
is lost time. It matters not how successful 
persons may be in accumulating wealth, — all 
time is lost time save as we iinpro-v e it to the 
honor and glory of God. We would ask our 
readers, How are you going to spend 1884? 
Will you permit it to be lost, or will you im- 
prove it to the praise of God? Some may 
have lost a year; some two; some five; some 
ten; others twenty, thirty, forty or fifty 
years. We cannot call back and improve the 
past, but we may improve the future and in 
this sense redeem the time. 

The all-absorbing question is, Where will 
the last day of December 1884 at the hour of 
midnight find us ? Will it find us further on 
upon the way of life and salvation, or will it 
find us still lower in the way of sin and folly. 
One or the other will be our condition, — 
just as we purpose so will we be. Then, let 
us purpose, by the grace of God, to improve 
the next year to the praise of our heavenly 
Father. Thus, as years are rolling on, may 
we spend them all in the service of God, and 
in eternity reap an everlasting reward. 


'BY D. 0. iMOOMAW. 

On the morning of the 28th, Bro. D. Shi- 
vely, of New Paris, Ind., and the writer, start- 
ed on a visit to Mountain Lake, in Giles Co., 
fifty miles westward from Roanoke City. — 
Bro. S. has been preaching for us since the 
20th oi November. Our route lay through 
the limits of the Montgomery congregation, 
and we sent an appointment #or evening ser- 

vice at Johnsville meeting-house. Notwith- 
standing we gave only 24 hours' notice, a li- 
beral response was given to the appointment 
Bro. Shively preached to them quite accept- 
ably, judging from their devout attention. — 
After service we drove to Bro. A. J. Eller:-;', 
and remained with his kind family till morn- 

A clear sky and a brilliant sunrise gr 
us on the opening of the 29th, and we pro- 
ceeded westward till we reached the home of 
our brother-in-law, A. Crumpacker, near the 
base of Brush Mountain. After resting 
awhile, we "took up our carriages,'" and wend- 
ed our journey over the hills and mountains, 
through glades and gorges, until near sunset 
we reached the base of Salt Pond Moun- 
tain, on the summit of which is situated 
Mountain Lake, one of the greatest curiosi- 
ties in the western world. 

Without halting we commenced the weari- 
some ascent of six miles, up, up, onward; up 
and up toils the jaded team, from ridge to 
spar, from crag to canyon, and away up, ap- 
parently touching the far-away ethereal vault, 
towers the rock-crested summit, until one's 
eyes grow dizzy and weary, scanning the 
misty outlines of the cloud-capped peaks. 

The sun was just setting behind the far- 
away mountains of the West, as we neared 
the eyrie of the wonderful lake. Clear and 
calm in a vast sea of crimson and gold, the 
ancient monarch of light sank to his evening 
rest, presenting a spectacle of gorgeous 
splendor rarely ever witnessed in the murky 
atmosphere of the western continent. 

As we ascended from the grass-covered 
vallies, from each new point of view, the ever 
widening, ever extending landscape present- 
ed, in panoramic view, the kaleidoscopic 
beauties of hill and dale, green and gold, 
hamlet and village, river and rivulet, flocks 
and herds, hut and mansion, etc., ad infini- 

\\e now draw our team alongside the spa- 
cious platforms of the hotel, a commodious 
structure, built close to the border of the 
lako, and supplied with all the appliances for 
the cheer and comfort of the tourist. A 
cheery greeting of the good-natured land- 
lord, a roaring fire in an old-fashioned South- 
ern fire-place soon soothed us to forgetful- 
ness of the weariness of the days travel. — 
The diniug-rcom performance was next on 
the bills; but for the credit of the larder of 
genial host, we drop the curtain, or rather 
we will not lift it. We hope for better things 
in that important department, when our fut- 
ure wanderings carry us there again. 

A splendid chamber, luxurious bed, sweet 
and airy, summoned us to early repose, and 
after Yespers, we slept the sweet, refreshing 
sleep of the weary, way-worn traveler. 

We instructed our host to summon us at 
5: 30 A. M.j so that we could view the rising 
sun from the topmost peak of the mountain. 
Unhappily banks of unfriendly clouds rested 
lazily on the eastern horizon and precluded 
the hope of the much coveted spectacle; but, 
to compensate for the disappointment, as the 
sun approached the point of view, the rays 
of light falling on the fleecy clouds, turned 



the whole eastern area into a boundless 
ocean of brilliant, gorgeous fire. Such ce- 
lestial glory is seldom vouchsafed to mortal 

We were then above the limits of vegeta- 
tion, save a few stunted shrubs. The tem- 
perature, balmy and soft in the valleys, was 
freezing and raw, and our shivering limbs, 
and muffled, fur-covered hands and heads 
were suggestive of arctic latitudes, or else 
arctic altitudes. Sheltering ourselves from 
the blast, behind a moss- covered boulder, we 
waited till the morning shadows westward 
rolled their ghostly waves. Eastward, south- 
ward, northward, westward, mountains suc- 
ceeding mountains, we could fancy ourselves 
in a world of enchantment, — prodigious, stu- 
pendous, wonderful, sublime.- Hundreds of 
miles towards every point of the compass the 
Blue Ridge and the Alleghanies with their 
numberless peaks and spurs and knobs 
stretched their serpentine lines in azure and 
gold from the shores of the great lakes to 
the fever-heated eddies of the Southern Gulf. 

Probably from no point on the Atlantic 
shores can there be seen more mountain 
splendor and sublimity. Mt. Mitchel, of 
North Carolina, 200 miles south, which is 
visible from our observatory, is its only ri- 
val on the Atlantic coast, south of Chesa- 
peake bay; eighty miles eas? tower the lofty 
peaks of Otter, seventy miles South in the 
county of Floyd, the huge cliffs of Buffalo 
tower aloft above the surrounding mount- 

We can trace upon these pages but dimly, 
the beauties of those magnificent scenes.— 
It must ba seen to be appreciated, and once 
seen, impressions profound and lasting, vis- 
ions of rapturous beauty beguile and entrance 
the sweet moments of our meditations. 

It was somewhat amusing to hear the ex- 
' clamations of wonder and surprise and ec- 
stasy from our brother from the Western 
plains. The vocabulary of the prairies fur- 
nishes a meager supply of words and phrases 
suitable to describe so much elevated grand- 

To attempt to adequately portray to the 
uninitiated reader the magnificent glories of 
this wild waste of mountains, one must needs 
be able to paint the gilded halos of an Ital- 
ian sunset, or lend artistic loveliness to the 
tints and shades of the rainbow, or trace up- 
on canvas the enchanting beauties of the 
fabled palaces of the ancient gods. 

The lake nest called us to examine and 
and enjoy its transcendent beauty. We can 
scarcely comprehend the extraordinary phe- 
nomenon of tush a large body of water 
so near the summit of those elevated peaks. 
Thousands of feet above the quiet valley 
nestles this aquatic wanderer, quietly repos- 
ing where the eagle builds her eyrie, and the 
bears rear their young. The most wonder- 
ful feature of this freak of nature, is its re- 
cent origin. One hundred years ago its now 
shiny bed was draped in the green loveliness, 
a grass covered meadow, and herds of cattle 
belonging to the farmers of the valleys slak- 
ed their thirst at its bubbling springs. I 
have conversed with persons living in the vi- 

cinity, who salted their stock at these springs, 
hence the local name of "Salt Pond." In at- 
testation of this traditionary story, as we row 
over the glassy wavelets, the tops of trees are 
visible deep down below our Golden Dolphin. 
Think of that, ye lovers of God's wonderful 

The theory of this phenomenon is that the 
outlet was gradually closed by the debris 
loosened by the treading of cattle, and that 
the crevices of the limestone through which 
it reaches the plains have thus become solid- 
ly cemented. It then commenced rising un- 
til it reached an altitude of 125 feet, when it 
flowed over a depression in an adjacent 
ridge. The stream would about fill a ten- 
inch pipe! 

It is about 1300 yards long, and 500 yards 
wide, and 125 feet deep. Many persons from 
all parts of the world annually visit it. The 
names immediately preceding ours, on the 
register, were from Bremen, Germany. — 
From May till September is the season most 
favorable for these tours. 

We returned to Johnsville on the morning 
of the 30th and held four meetings, in which 
Bro. Shively labored to the edifying and 
warning of the people. Much interest seem- 
ed to be awakened on the subject of religion, 
and, had we continued the meeting, I feel 
confident additions would have been made to 
the church. Our arrangements had been fix- 
ed to return to Roanoke on the 3rd inst., so 
the meeting was closed, and on the evening 
of the 3rd we reached our home. 

It should have been stated that on our way 
to the mountains we passed through the bat- 
tle-field of Hanging Rock, where, during the 
Civil War the armies of Gen. Early, of 
the South, and Gen. Hunter of the North, 
fought about ten days before the burn- 
ing of the City of Chambersburg, Pa. Jtwas 
not a general engagement, but the graves by 
the roadside, on which the perpetual rose 
and evergreen bloom, fresh and sweet, plant- 
ed by kindly Southern hands and hearts, at- 
test the bloody horrors of that sanguinary 

Bro. S. was much pleased with the people 
of Johnsville, and they fully reciprocate the 
good feeling. Their simple, childlike greet- 
ing and manners contrast so sharply with 
the empty etiquette of fashion and worldly 
pride, that our traveler wishes especial men- 
tion to be made of it. It is a fact that no 
person who visits those children of the 
mountains at their homes or meeting-house, 
fails to love them for their boundless hospi- 
tality and genuine Christian love. 


A.s cold water to a thirsty soul, bo is good news from a far 
country . 

Froni Monument City, Ind.— Jan. 4. 

According to previous arrangements we 
attended the Christmas Love-feast of the 
Salomony church, which was a very pleasant 
occasion. I remained with them a little over 
a week. Meeting closed with three additions 
by baptism. This church numbers over two 

hundred and fifty members, and is under the 
care of Eld. Samuel. Murray, who is in his 
78th year, and in feeble health. He is as- 
sisted by Daniel Shidler, John Eikenberry, 
Henry Wyke, and Jacob Ekman. Many 
thanks for their kindness and hospitality. — 
May God's blessing attend them. 

J. W. Sotjthwood. 

Prom Dry Creek Church, Linn Co., la, 
— Jan. 7. 

This arm of the church seems to be in love 
and union; health generally good. I hope 
some more dear ministers will come and 
preach Christ to us. There are many pre- 
cious souls who need Jesus. I am sorry to 
hear of Bro. Bosserman's sickness, for he is 
a faithful worker in our blessed Master's 
cause. Oh for more such brethren ! I ask 
an interest in all your prayers. 

Ella M. Ditch, 

From Madison, Mo.— Jan. 7. 

Our series of meetings at the Dickerson 
school-house, near Madison were conducted 
by Bro. J. S. Hays. They commenced Dec. 
3rd, and continued until January 3rd. The 
meetings were well attended. Ministers 
traveling over the M. K. & T. R. R. should 
make arrangements to stop off at Madison, 
and preach here; they will be heartily wel- 
comed by our many friends here. x4.ny one 
coming should drop me a card and I will 
meet them at the station at any time. 

Samuel White. 

From Dunkirk, O.— Jan, 10. 

Our meetings in our different churches in 
Eagle Creek congregation have now closed. 
Bro. Silas Hoover of Pennsylvania held the 
meetings in the Dunkirk church, and in the 
old Eagle Creek church. Bro. Jacob Hei- 
stand in our lower church, Pleasant Ridge. 
Total number baptized during the meetings 
was fifteen. The church seems much re- 
vived. The weather was very cold most of 
the time. Mercury as low as 22° below zero. 
Could not attend much in the country on ac- 
count of my ill health; am slowly improving. 


Extracts of a Letter from J. E. Young', 

"I had calculated to spend my vacation in 
Franklin county, Ky., where I heard were 
a few members living. I was going to try to 
administer to their spiritual wants to the 
best of my ability, and also try to get some 
subscribers for the F. C. and G. M. I went 
down on last Monday, but to my sad disap- 
pointment, I found they had all moved to 
Ohio. The student that informed me, was 
not aware of this fact. There had been, 
eleven members living there and they had an 
organized church. The people there, so far 
as I could ascertain, were much in sympathy 
with the church. The brethren used to come 
over from Ohio, and hold Love- feasts and 
preach occasionally for them. So far I 'know 
of only one member living in this State, be- 



S. Young and myself. That seems 

sing .r. for there is as fiue a country 

here .ns I ever saw. If my health keeps good 

I intend to continue at school uutil June, then 

tnt to rind some place where I am needed, 

and go to work iu the vineyard of the Lord." 

. Kii., Dec. 31. 

From Plymouth, Intl.— Dec. 20. 

Ox Sabbath evening, December 11th, Bro. 
.vert came to our congregation and 
aaenced preaching at Salem church, 
the county- line between Marshall 
and Stark counties, and held forth the Word 
such power that on Monday, Dec. 19th, 
recious souls were made wil ing to make 
;ood confession and were baptized. At 
this point of the meeting, when the interest 
- good, Bro. Calvert was compelled to bid 
as .lieu and according to previous arrange- 
ments go to other fields of labor, much to 
the regret of the brethren and sisters of this 
: of our congregation. By the request of 
Bro. Calvert and the brethren and sisters, 
the writer remained, and by the assistance of 
Br"n Knisley and Appleman, continued the 
meeting over Sabbath. The immediate re- 
sult was four more additions, and many more 
said we are almost persuaded, but we desire 
a little more time to consider. Truly the 
church here has had a time of rejoicing of 
late. Since November 9th, 1883, thirty-six 
have been added to this church by baptism, 
and two reclaimed. So far as known we are 
in love and union, and may God help us to 
so continue to walk together, stepping into 
the foot-prints of Jesus. Brethren John 
Knisley, and Jacob Shively are the elders of 
this congregation, assisted in the ministry by 
six ministers, and the Lord being with us we 
have a bright prospect for a prosperous and 
happy future. In the near future the writer 
and family will move to Bijou Hills, Brule 
Co.. Dakota. ¥m. G. Cook. 

From Saiem, Ore.— Dec. 31. 

At my last writing I was at Cheney, Wash- 
on Territory. From there I was convey- 
i Medical Lake (ten miles north-west of 
) to the residence of Bro. J. S. Bos- 
ler. Held three meetings there with the very 
rder and attention. While there the 
3 increased in numbers; the last 
.ing was the largest we had at that place. 
Interest very good indeed. On the morning 
of the 25th I boarded the train at Cheney, 
to Dallas, in Wasco Co., Ore. Dis- 
- traveled that day was 259 miles. At 
held one meeting, having three 
-. there, viz , Michael Bothrock, Mary 
and S^rah Baltimore. Had a 
e audience. I was met with a 
reception by the members and 
i, on said trip; had very pleasant 
ith them. They treated me with 
espect, with many solic- 
tor me to return again. I arrived ;it 
rny | . . dence ir. S-.h-rn, on tin-, 2!HIj 

r, and found all in usual health. 
. .1 thankful to the good Lord for the 

blessings and privileges I enjoyed on said 
trip, and my safe arrival home. I also feel 
thankful to the members and friends, for 
their kind treatment exercised towards me. 
Notwithstanding there were no accessions to 
the church, the interest, attention, and order 
were very good, generally. I think I can say 
I found some near the kingdom. I traveled 
about 1585 miles, attended about 43 meetings. 
There is a very large territory for minister- 
ing brethren to labor in. Could not some of 
our ministers, sound in the faith, come out 
and help to carry on the great work of the 
Lord on the Pacific Slope? 

David Brower. 

A Day's Work in Union Church, Mar- 
shall Co., Inrt. 

Br'n John Knisley and Jacob Shively pre- 
sided as elders. We met in council Decem- 
ber 8tb. Elders present, David Bupel, W. 
B. Deeter, and the writer. The work done 
was to ordain Wm. Glook, to the eldership, 
and elect two brethren to the ministry. The 
lot fell on John Hollem and John Apple- 
man. They then asked to have six deacons, 
but called seven, the following brethren: — 
Eli Bottorf, Samuel Bairigh, O. Deen, Fran- 
cis Hendrix, James Jones, Noah Beplogle, 
John Hoover. I stayed a few days after the 
council and preached in the West church, 
and six were baptized, making thirty-three 
in this church this Fall. I was called away 
in the midst of the very best of the meeting. 
Four more had been baptized when I heard 
from them last. I am now in La Grange 
county, in the midst of a very good meeting, 
from which you will hear good news. 

Jesse Calvert. 

From Green Forest, Rockbridge Co., 
Va- Jan. 7. 

By the assistance of our brethren up in 
Botetourt, and adjoining counties, we have 
erected a comfortable house of worship. We 
had our Communion-meeting on the fourth 
Saturday and Sunday of November, 1SS3. — 

On Sunday there was a good assembly 
present, and on this day the funeral of our 
much beloved brother, J. W. Pursley, was 
preached. Bro. Pursley longed to see our 
new meeting-house finished, he had great 
concern for the church, and the preaching of 
the Gospel. I had been with him in filling 
his various appointments, through all sorts 
of weather, and many a time until the dead 
hour of midnight. His religion was foremost 
in all things. Our beloved brother, B. C. 
Moomaw, was also with us the last three days 
of November. He preached three able ser- 
mons for us. , He is one of the Building 
Committee, and helped to hold a settlement. 
We lack yet about $200 of being out of debt 
and we should be very glad if our more 
wealthy brethren of other congregations 
would help us out; the Brethren about here 
are not so abundantly blessed with this 
world's goods. We hope to budd up a pros- 
perous church here. The prospects are good. 
May God bless the work. 

J. M.'Hayslett. 


Brethren coming to the District Meeting 
of the Middle District of Indiana, will be 
met with conveyance on Tuesday, the 12th 
of February, at those railroad points men- 
tioned in the notice before. Come on the 
Eel Elver road to Collamer. B. Eo- 

From Double Pipe Creek Church, Md. 
—.Jan. 5. 

From Silver Creek Church, In<l.— Dec. .*>(). 

Last night we closed a series of meetings 
of great interest. We had two series ot 
meetings in this church. The first began on 
December 1st, at the Union meeting-house, 
which was built this Summer. Eld. Thurs- 
ton Miller did all the preaching, or nearly 
so. The people of this place were well pleas- 
ed with the doctrice of the Brethren, and 
some have promised if they would ever unite 
with any church, it would be ours. The 
meetings continued here every night and 
part of the time during the day, until the 
evening of the 16th, when our meetings be- 
gan at the Hickory Grove meeting-house. — 
On the 22nd we had a special council to call 
help to the visit. This was a very pleasant 
meeting; the vote was almost unanimous for 
Br'n Franklin Throne and David Throne. — 
The meetings grew still more interesting til! 
Thursday, the 27th, when two precious souls 
came out on the Lord's side. These two 
were member's children, and were married 
a few years ago. How fathers and mothers 
rejoiced to see their children come to Christ. 
While we were all made to rejoice to see a 
few precious ones come, yet amid gladness, 
our hearts were sad at the close of our meet- 
ings to see yet so many of our dear children 
stay away from God. The prayers and tears 
and pleadings of kind fathers and mothers, 
and God's faithful servants did not seem 
able to reach them. Oh that God might 
still continue to draw them by his good spir- 

The Monocacy church met in quarterly 
council; Elders J. D. Trostle and Solomon 
Stoner being with us by request. The day 
being cold, and streams flush, some could not 
attend. One member's resignation was ac- 
cepted, which was unpleasant to some. Fa- 
vorable reports of subscriptions for building 
a meeting-house in Harbaugh's Valley were 
presented, and some minor matters were at- 
tended to. The elders were requested to 
take the vote of the church for a brother to 
serve in the ministry. The lot fell on broth- 
er John Flohr, a worthy, influential brother. 
At the close, Bro. Trostle gave us an affect- 
ing farewell address. Many tears were shed 
as he spoke of the past associations, how that 
thirty years ago, when he came to Mai y land, 
we were one congregation, now we are three. 
That now he leaVes his milling trade with 
Elder D. P. Savior, and his future labors 
would be in the Far West. But though dis- 
tant, we could remember one another at a 
Throne of Grace, and eventually meet where 
parting is not known. 

Samuel Weybright. 



it. Perhaps they will yet repent. Last 
night Bro. Miller preached his farewell ser- 
mon and we had to take the parting hand. — 
Our best wishes accompany him. It gives 
us great joy to read in the G. M. of the many 
conversions, and the love manifested in our 
beloved Brotherhood. May God bless and 
save us all. Jacob Shaneour. 

From Longniont, Colo.— Jan. 7. 

How pleasant it is when Brethren dwell 
together in love. This was the case at our 
quarterly council, which is just in the past. 
Although our co-laborers were not with us, 
as one had a sick daughter, and the other in 
other fields of labor, we have reason to 
believe they remembered us at a Throne of 
Grace. This was one of the kind of meet- 
ings we like to attend, where nothing but 
love reigns, and each member has regard for 
his brother's feelings. Health is generally 
good; weather is fine. G. W. Fesler. 

*/ From Maguire's Store, Ark.— Jan. 2. 

Since our last report the following has 
been received. 

From Gospel Messenger, Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111 $2 45 

A. Miller, Mexico, Ind 1 00 

Eli Berger, Baltic, 1 00 

Name-not given 1 00 

Those that have contributed to this little 
church, have the Bible assurance that "He 
that hath pity upon the poor, lendeth unto 
the Lord; and that which he hath given will 
he pay him again." Not only so, but you 
have our sincere thanks and praise. We still 
fall short about one hundred dollars. Don't 
be discouraged, Brethren, one more united 
effort, and you will have helped to build the 
first church-house in Arkansas. Send all 
donations to David Cripe, Maguire's Store, 
by postal order, payable at Fayetteville, Ark. 

Marshall Ennis. 

From the Maple Grove Church, Ashland 
Co., Ohio, 

For all that many of the old fathers and 
mothers lie sleeping under the sod, and many 
of the Brethren and friends have moved off 
to the far West, still there are many loving 
brethren and sisters left in the old Maple 
Grove that are willing to work for Christ. 
We assemble ourselves, as many as can, once 
a week at some brother's house to spend the 
evening in singing hymns of praise to God, 
and reading a chapter out of the Bible. Lib- 
erty is given to ask questions or speak some- 
thing for the cause of Christ, thus building 
ourselves up in our most holy faith. Before 
we separate, we all unite ourselves in family- 
prayer. We think the more we assemble our- 
selves, the more love and union prevails 
amongst us. We try to have our young 
members with us and give them encourage- 
ment to go on in the good work. It becomes 
our duty to throw our loving arms around 
them, and help to carry them to Jesus as one 
of old that carried the lambs on his should- 

ers to the fold. Any one that is a lover of 
Christianity will enjoy such meetings. A 
series of meetings will commence here 
Feb. 2nd. Bro. I. D. Parker is expected to be 
with us. We hope the brethren and sis- 
ters of our surrounding congregations will be 
with us. All are welcome to join in with us. 

Katie Shidler. 

From the .Lower Stillwater Church, Ohio . 

Now the year of 1883 has gone, and, 
like all its predecessors, never more to return. 
By this we are constantly reminded of the 
rapidity of passing time and our speedy ap- 
proach to eternity, from whence — like the 
years, that have come and gone — there is no 
return. Dear reader, you and I, are following 
rapidly the vast armies of humanity that have 
gone before. Neither the young, middle-aged 
or old, the prepared or unprepared, are ex- 
empt. Others are coming. How long they 
will be permitted to remain, none can tell 
Uncertainty is written indelibly upon every 
face; mortality stamped upon every brow 
From January '83 to the present year, 
'84, unnumbered millions have been called 
to bid adieu to all that is visible here. It is 
forever. There were those whom we learned 
somuch to love; their light shone brightly up- 
on our pathway. Others, whose joy was our 
joy; those of our intimate acquaintance and 
near friends, were among that vast, unnumber- 
ed throng. Ah ! an affectionate brother, sister 
or motber, how dearly we loved them, and of 
whom so constantly fond recollections and 
pleasant associations, so endearingly love to 
linger in our memories. One by one, they 
have dropped from our view; dust has re- 
turned to dust, there to remain in unbroken 
silence — till God, in his own good time, shall 
call them forth. The soul has passed to 
its reward. May the mantle of charity have 
gently fallen upon the erring. But the good, 
may none of us ever be permitted to forget 
their many noble acts, heroic deeds, and num- 
erous Christian examples that adorned their 
pious lives. This, now, we believe to be a 
good time to look back and review the past. 
It is the day of promise which has once more 
come to those who remain. Let us ask our- 
selves, What were the vows and the promises 
we made one year ago; nay last month or but 
yesterday? How well did we observe them? 
How much did we do for the Lord? How 
much for ourselves? Do we hold in possession 
an in-born knowledge that we are at peace 
with our Maker? If so, resolve anew; if not, 
begin to-day, even now, lest to-morrow we die. 
Take the advice of St. Luke and try harder 
than ever before to make this — "the accept- 
able year of the Lord." Are we trying to get 
ready to meet the Master when he shall send 
the summons for us to cross oA 7 er? If so, well 
done. We can then go up higher, and there, 
with all the redeemed in one common family, 
possess the kingdom. In this arm of the 
church, last year, in the second month, a dear 
sister, 1 oving the Master, chose that "good 
part" as did a Mary of old, "that could not 
be taken away from her," The example set 
by her, and the good work so timely begun, 
in the then "new year," was soon followed 

by others, who, having become tired of sin, and 
the ways of the world, repentantly came to 
the Master, and by his gentle spirit led kindly 
to the door which; standing ajar, to admit be- 
lievers, were welcomed to step into the fold. 
Paul says, "But now being made free from sin 
and become servants to God, ye have your 
fruit unto holiness, and the end everlasting 
life." Bom. 6: 22. Our number has been con- 
siderably augmented during the year just clos- 
ed, which has caused great rejoicing, and 
much encouragement to all. Additions as 
follows — thirty by confession and baptism ; 
three reclaimed; in all thirty- three to our 
congregation during the year. Elders John 
Smith and George Garver, are our shepherds 
and are loved by all. They labor faithfully 
and promptly in every good work, and guard 
zealously and conscientiously the highest in- 
terests of the fold. Two others assist them 
in dealing out the Bread of Life. This church 
stands upon the good old platform; observes 
order and system in the government of all its 
affairs ; is united and works by love. In 
union there is strength. The work is a great 
one. No cross, no crown. Others seem near 
the kingdom. Who will be the first one, this 
year, to come in and help us possess the land 
and work in the "Master's vineyard :" What 
will the harvest be? S. W. Hoover. 

Dayton, Ohio. 

— ■ ♦ • 

From North Beatrice Church, Neb. 

Our members are all well. We intend to 
commence a series of meetings, January 10th. 
Eld. Van Dyke has been North, holding 
meetings, and arrived home a few days ago. 
He reports interesting meetings. We have 
a Bible Class once a week, which is very en- 
tertaining, both religiously and socially. — 
Oar Bible meetings are held at our houses; 
in this way we often have a pleasant inter- 
view with each other. I heartily recommend 
churches that do not have such meetings, to 
give them a trial. . A. M. T. Miller. 

From Panora, Fa,— Jan. 10. 

Br'n M. Sisler and Frank McCune, of Dal- 
las Centre, commenced a series of meetings 
seven miles north-east of Panora, on the 5tb, 
with moderate attention and interest, which 
has been growing all the time. So great is 
the interest that the house would not near 
hold the people last night. To-day Bro. Sis- 
ler and J. L. Myers, of Yale, go to Shelby 
county, and Bro. McCune stays here awhile 
longer. May God bless them and their la- 
bors. J- D. H. 

From Chippewa Church, O.— Jan. 10. 

The Chippewa congregation expects to 
hold a series of meetings in the Beech Grove 
meeting-house, commencing January 19th. — ■ 
We hope the brethren and sisters from other 
districts will meet with us, and assist us in 
the good work. We welcome you in our 
midst. Our church is in love and union as 
far as I know; although we have passed 
through some light afflictions, as Paul calls 
them. We expect Bro. Kahlor to preach for 
us during our meeting. Isabelle Irvin. 



From Copenhagen, Denmark*— Dec, 2(5. 

I will just drop you a few lines and semi 

thanks for the past year, and wish 

you oue and all a happy >\ew Year. Just as 

Lis - so is it also past for any who 

believe that God will remember our sins and 

tresp ss - Lot us all write in the same mind 

irds one another, forget what there is be- 
hind and press forward toward the mark. — 

as dedicate ourselves to the service of 

. for the new year, for salvation of souls. 

We are all very happy that our dear brother, 

D. L. Miller and wife sit at our side; we feel 

we were at home when they sing and 

k the Savior's praise. It was indeed kind 
of them: hope some will imitate them soon, 

: jme over and encourage us. Bro. Mil- 
ler will be informed on all topics, so far as 
ble, and later, in his interesting way 

you. We lament he can stay so short a 
time; only one week at Copenhagen and one 
in Northern Denmark; yet this short trip is 
invaluable to the Brotherhood, and us. I 
have that confidence in Bro. Miller that I be- 
speak for his advice and correspondence a 
careful perusal in regard to missionary work. 
He is a close observer, and his personal ob- 
servations are far better than ever so many 
written letters between me and those who 
have not seen things as they are here. The 
Lord willing, we shall hare baptism and 
Communion here nest Sunday, before we 
start to Northern Denmark, and I do hope 
the person we get into the church, will be of 
great use in God's and the Brotherhood's 
hands. God will certainly work so all will 

: cording to his will and sinners' salva- 
tion. Xow our united love to all, and espec- 

our thanks to the editors of the G. M. 

C. Hope. 

From Los Angeles, Cal. — Jan. 1, 

This ZS ew Year's day still finds us at the 
above named place. Since our last report we 
had three more meetings near Compton 
in the neighborhood of friend and sister Mul- 
lendore. For the last two weeks we have 
a spending most of the time in the city 
Los Angeles is one of the most thriv- 
ing places we have been in for a long time. — 
It may well be called a city of strangers as 
there are thousands of persons here from all 
- of the United States who have come 
oend the Winter, away from the rig- 
ors of a cold climate or are here seeking 
health. As a general thing strangers are de- 
fced with the climate and appearance of 
mtory. The city claims a permanent 
lation of 20,000. Building is going on 
rapidly, it seems difficult to get houses 
. ipply the demands of those who 
want to buy or rent. On an average there 
: been t . ling-houses finished per 

last fifti ,ntlis and yet the 

land for houses continues, and the hotels 
of business blocks 
n built within I year and 

As with 

.and in g country, 

to be a general pros- 

. ds through Southern 

California all are building up in a surprising 
manner. The large tracts of land are being 
subdivided into small farms, and being sold 
at prices ranging from £100 to 8300 per acre, 
which is double what it sold at three years 
ago. Orange, lemon and lime orchards now 
look beautiful with their deep green foliage 
and golden fruit, which is just beginning to 
be gathered for market. The fruit this sea- 
son is superior to last year but the crop not 
large. We have visited several fruit pack- 
ing establishments, one that made raisin 
packing a speciality. Many tons of raisins 
are now being shipped from here. We notic- 
ed last week some yet in the field drying, 
which when dry, will be taken to the packing 
house and packed ready for market. Choice 
raisins can be bought here for eight to ten 
cents per pound, by the box; at that price the 
producer gets two to three hundred dollars 
per acre. We visited an old friend near here 
who formerly lived in Greeley, Colorado; he 
has thirty acres in vineyard and oranges. — 
He paid 8*24,000 for it; in his wine house he 
has 40,000 gallons of wine; he says he will 
realize from his farm this past year, 815, 000. 
When prohibition becomes once a general 
law, God speed the day, of course this wine- 
making business will be virtually ended, yet 
it will not damage the fruit interest materi- 
ally, as the grapes when sold immediately 
from the vines, or canned, or dried, will bring 
about as much as if made into wine, and be 
a thousand times better for the people. On 
Christmas we visited the Catholic cathedral 
here. The services lasted over two hours, 
the sermon was in Euglish. At night we at- 
tended services in the Christian church. — 
Congregational singing prevailed, as they 
use no organ. A new church in the city was 
dedicated a few Sundays ago, and at neither 
of the services during the day was there any 
collection taken up. There are kop>es yet for 
popular Christianity to take a step backward 
into the line of apostolic order. 

The 26th of December we visited the sea- 
coast, eighteen miles from here. I had an 
enjoyable time bathing in the lashing waves 
of the old ocean. To-day the city is having 
a gala time, cannons are roaring, bands are 
playing, long processions march through the 
streets, crowds and crowds of people throng 
the side-walks, all as homage to one man, a 
man that gained glory on the field of blood; 
his name is General W. S. Hancock. Christ's 
kingdom needs no such men. 

J. S. Floey. 

but my prayer is that they may abound in 
all righteousness, and look to their Heavenly 
Father. Levi G 

The St. Louis Meeting-House Fund. 

The following amounts have been rec^. 
since our last report: 

Eliza Baxter, Bourbon. Ind % 

Jacob Kuns, Johnsville, O 

Mary Lewis, Pads, 111 1 00 

Susanna Metzger, Mulberry. Ind. ... 1 00 

J. Ii. Kendig, Fisherville, Va -.. 1 

Mrs. Bettie Jones, Fisherville, Va . . 25 

Elizabeth Kendig, FisLerviJie, 

E. D. Kendig, Fisherville, Va 3 00 

Michael Frantz, Cerro Gordo, 111 . . . 1 00 
J. Millikin, the Banker, in Decatur 

111 10 00 

The Gospel Me.-.sexgee office. Mt. 

Morris, 111 

John Metzgee, 

Cerro Gordo, Til, Jan. 3, 1884 

Select Xotes. 

From Manor Chuvcli, Indiana Co., Pa. 
—Jan. 7. 

Oue congregation is very much scattered, 
but as far as I know, they are united in spir- 
it. We have regular preaching, two sermons 
every four weeks. Our ministering brethren 
are David Ober, Mark Minser, Joseph Hols- 
opple and Sechrist. At our last meeting, on 
the 30th of December, we were made to re- 
joice to see two precious souls, not seven- 
teen years old yet, come out on the Lord's 
side, and make application to be received in- 
to the church by baptism. The above recip- 
ients are without an earthly father or mother. 

— Aetee this delay I find time to resume 

— One was baptized here i Antioch chu b 
on Christmas day. 

— As the child needs training for the vo- 
cations of future days, so the soul needs train- 
ing for the enjoyment of future life. 

— One man comes along and he preaches 
the whole Gospel, and teaches the nee- - - 
of strictly obeying and conforming to all the 
requirements of the Word of God, and urges 
them as a Christian duty. But another man 
preaches a kind of a "go as you please"' re- 
ligion, ''just as you think,"' '"'any way will do. 
just so you feel right," etc. Xow why is it 
that the former is written up -publicly, accus- 
ed of "Pharisaism." self-righteousness; held 
up before the public as one that believes that 
none will be saved but him and his littie 
church, while Christ died for all men. But 
the "go as you please " man is nc en up 

at all. Now why is this so? 

— There was a gloom cast over the thriving 
town of Andrews, Christmas morning by b 
sad intelligence of the death of a promising 
young man who had been knocked off the 
railroad by a passing train during the night 
sometime. It is said that he had been drink- 
ing during the evening, and this account; Eoj 
his untimely death. But hardiy had ii 
circumstance passed until another, still 
der, followed. Another young man, about 
the age of the former, had also been drinking, 
and at night-fall he returned home. He 
went up- stairs to his room, got his revolver, 
brought it down and warmed it by the stove 
before his mother's eyes. He sat down in 
his mother's arm-chair, and deliberately 
placed the revolver to his head, above his 
right ear and fired. The ball ranged so high 
that it did not cause instant death, but doubt- 
less it is only a matter of time. He is lying 
in a very critical condition, paralyzed and 
may be called away at any moment, an; 
this information reaches its readers 



no doubt be trying the realities of the un- 
tried. What an awful warning to liquor 
drinkers and sellers. 

— Within the last two months there have 
been added seven by baptism, and two re- 
claimed, to the Antioch church. 
— Altogether Bro. I. J. Rosenberger preach- 
ed about thirty sermons at the several points 
in the Antioch church, with the above-named 
results, and more, the church was built up, 
the members strengthened, and much good 
done that eternity alone can tell. 

— Of big words and feathers, many go to 
the pound. J. B. Lai it. 

Froni English Prairie Church, La Grange 
Co., Ind. 

Our series of meetings commenced on the 
20fch of December. Oar first meetings were 
small on account of bad weather. From the 
23rd on they began to increase, until we had 
a full house, especially, in the evenings. — 
Bro. Jesse Calvert and Benjamin Leer were 
with' us. Bro. Calvert did most, of the 
preaching, and we must sav that he preached 
with love and power, which made it very in- 
teresting to the people. Bro. Calvert was 
held a target for some people to shoot at, but 
we are glad to say that he made it satisfacto- 
ry to all such. Oar council-meeting was on 
the 25th of December, and a pleasant one it 
was. The church is in love and union. Bro. 
N. H. Shutt and A. S. Keim were advanced 
to the second degree of the ministry. We 
hope the Lord will aid them in performing 
their duties. Our meeting closed on the 
evening of the 30th. Nine precious souls 
came out on the Lord's side. Oh what joy- 
ous time it was when we could, see some of 
our best citizens come out and obey the Gos- 
pel. There are a good many more counting 
the cost, and several more have made up their 
minds to join in with the people of God as 
soDn as convenient. We are sorry that our 
meetings had to close so soon. We hope the 
Lord will bless the brethren for their labors. 

Daniel Kaub. 

From Altoona, Pa.— Dec. 26. 

We are truly glad to inform our brethren 
and sisters of our pleasant series of meetings, 
which commenced Dec. 2nd, closing the 23rd. 
Twelve were added to the church by baotism, 
and on Christmas a young man was made 
willing to submit himself to the . holy ordi- 
nance of baptism, and many others are seri- 
ously counting the cost. The meeting was 
held by Bro. J. W. Wilt, and we rejoice to 
see those come into the fold who have for 
sometime been halting between twoopinions. 
Bro. Wilt labored earnestly with us and pro- 
claimed the Word of Truth in its purity and 
we were all made to rejoice over our meeting. 
The prospect at present is very good in the 
Altoona congregation, for more to come out on 
the Lord's side,and may our dear brethren and 
sisters, who have contributed something to as- 
sist us in building a new church, be encouraged 
to know the work of the Lord is prospering 
among us. Those who have not given us 

any assistance, we wish to notice this too. 
There are many precious souls - to be 
saved in the city of Altoona, a city that num- 
bers about twenty-five thousand. We in- 
vite our brethren and sisters as they go East 
and West to stop with us, and we will hearti- 
ly welcome you. Our church is in the south- 
eastern part of the city. J. H. Law. 

Our Visit to the Antioch Church, Ind. 

On the morning of Nov. 10th, we met with 
the Brethren of the Antioch church to assist 
in the dedication services of their new 
house of worship, in the village of Dora. As 
usual, the attendance was large and all seem- 
ed anxious. We tried to tell them that God 
designed his house to be a house of prayer; 
but in the Savior's time, they had unhappily 
made it a den of thieves; and that the same 
was true to-day to an alarming extent. The 
Brethren there built a neat, substantial house 
of worship, with but a small inJebteduess re- 
maining, which the Brethren assumed. We 
continued our visit ten days, most of the time 
holding evening services, visiting the members 
during the day, with encouraging results. 
The sad history of the Antioch church is 
pretty well known. At a revival held in the 
Brethren house in Andrews (then called Anti- 
och) fifteen years ago, the latitude of the 
church's principles, was not respected on re- 
ceiving members; which introduced pride 
and fashion into the church to an alarming ex- 
tent, and necessitated the church afterwards 
to dismiss many of her members; rendering 
the love of others cold. We took leave of 
the Brethren at Dora on the 21st, but by their 
earnest solicitation deferred our other ap- 
pointments and returned to Dora the evening 
of the 28th; attended their Thanksgiving 
service on ,29th, and commenced services in 
Andrews same evening; service in evenings, 
continuing our visits during the day. We 
were pleased on finding in the Antioch 
church such a body of faithful members, 
notwithstanding their continued unhappy 
storm ; yet there was a number, who, in refer- 
ence to their apparel, did not respect the wish 
of the church. We met most of these at the 
house of -Elder Joseph Leedy on Saturday 
afternoon of Dec. 8th; had a season of 
prayer, and our meeting was a solemn one. 
We tried to show them the propriety, advan- 
tage and necessity, of respecting the approx- 
imate limits of the church in reference to our 
apparel. We all felt much encouraged over 
the results of our little conference. There 
seemed to be a marked, growing interest in 
the congregation. As the immediate result 
of our visit, there were eight additions, six by 
baptism and two restored. Bro. Jos. Leedy, 
in charge of this church, located here many 
years ago with considerable of means; he 
seems to have devoted much of his time and 
means to the cause; raised a large family. All 
but two sons have been members of the church 
and the grief and sorrow of those aged ; par- 
ents to-day is, their scattered, scattered fami- 
ly. Abraham Leedy is also assistant elder, 
Lair, Southwood and Ellis are the ministers, 
who seem loved by all. Our next visit was to 
the Eight Mile church, Wells county, Ind. 

We commenced here with a small congrega- 
tion, as the seed of discord has been sown 
here for years ; but we soon were waited up- 
on by a congregation that was encouraging. 
We took leave of the Brethren here on Christ- 
mas, the Cause seemingly much encouraged, 
with a flattering prospect of a future growth. 
Same eve met the loved ones of Clear Creek, 
four miles north of Huntington; under the 
eldership of Bro. Dorsey Hodgden. Here is a 
solid body of members, under careful discip- 
line. I need not add that it is a pleasant 
place. Congregations were large and pros- 
pects promisiug, but at the close of one week, 
we were necessitated to take our leave. There 
was one addition by baptism. Each of the 
above congregations expects to have a Spring 
Love- feast, which we consented to attend. 
We close with the thought that it is pleasant 
to know, what splendid brethren and sisters 
we meet with everywhere; to whom we form 
such a warm attachment. 


From Yellow Creek Church, Ind, 
—Jan. 7. 

We just closed an int#resting series of 
meetings. Brethren John Metzger and Pe- 
ter Stuckman were with us. They came to 
us December the 22nd and continued the 
meetings till New Year, then Bro. Metzger 
left us and went to another field of labor. — 
The meetings were to be continued but on 
account of extremely cold weather it was al- 
most impossible to be out, the thermometer 
being 22° below zero, the 5th of this month. 
Our church was much built up. We had 
twenty-six meetings in succession; thirteen 
precious souls confessed Christ and were bap- 
tized. D. M. Wise. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A religious weekly, published in the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist church, is an uncompro- 
mising advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 
cient purity. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace of God is the only source of pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption : 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins: 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Baptism: 

That Feet- Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church: 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion With the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the clay : 

That the Salutation of the Holy Ki?s, or Kiss of Chari- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Conformity to the world in dress, custorms 
daily walk and conversation is essential to true holiness 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 

It also advocates the scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
flicting theories and discords of modern Christendom, to 
point out ground that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
Morris, Ogle Co., III., or Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 




We : pared to furnish any book 

in the market at publishers' retail price. 

5 works as ilty. 

Via in Facts— A. four- page bract on Bible 
, i pies -u ots 

+ciii>turv Jlitnuul- Invaluable as a work 
Price, ?i.75. 

.If? Iftmif Jesus — An interesting workfor 
? Trice. $2 . • 

IIiv Oi>cn Hook — Teils m'any rhiii_-.~ of 
value and interest. Trice J 

Imlisocnsnble ;Itini:-Book — Full of 
- .information Price, 2.25. 

(,<>*)>el Facts— A four-paue tract on im- 
: ':;:.: truths. 1 Copies 40CIS. 

li/c at Howe —An excellent work for 
-:;-;'. Cloth, $1-50. 

Iti-inikurd's Will— A temperance leaflet 
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il:i;)ini(l Woman— A. useful physiologi- 
i . tor everybody. Trice. $l.b0. 

.Hental Science— An excellent -workfor 
students of psychology. Trice $1.5il. 

Shillful Housewife — Contains important 

hints for every-day affairs. Cloth. 75c1s. 

German anil English Testaments— 

Am. Bible Society Edition. Trice, 75cts. 

Sideral Heavens— B\ Thomas Dick. An 
;xenlent work on the wonders of the hrma- 
..: . Trice. T5crs. 

Voice of Seven Thunders — By J. L. 

Martin. An excellent work on the Rsvela- 
Trice si.SU. 

On Trine Immersion — By Bro. Moo- 
maw. Treats the subject in an acceptable 
manner. Trice. MJcts. 

C ruden's Concordance — A very com- 
plete work. Trice, library sheep. J2.25: 
imperial edition. s3.5fl. 

Universalis™ Against Itself — By 

Hall. One of the best works against Uni- 
Tersalism. Price. sl.LO. 
Ancient Christianity Exemplified— 

By Coleman. An interesting work of the 
days gone by. Trice, §i.0l). 

Reason and Revelation— By It. Milli- 
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Children's Tracts — Something nice for 
ttle folks. Trice. Sets each; 12 f or 30 
cts: 25 for SOcts; ICO for $1.60. 

Bible School Echoes— By B F. Eby. — 

-: tie book for Sunday-schools. Board 
co* ers. 2a :ts : per dozen, §2.50. 

t moil Bible Dictionary— Gives an ac- 
curate account of every place and person 
mentioned in the Bible. Trice, §1.50. 

Campbell and Owen's Debate — Con- 

- a compl-te investigation of the evi- 
dences of Christianity. Trice, §1.50. 

History of Danish jlission—By M. M. 
r.rnin. (jives a complete account of 
:g.n and progress. Price, 2Ucts. 

Reference and Pronouncing Testa- 

a eat. Il valuable to Sunday-school teach- 
ers and Bible students. Trice. $1.00. 

Brown's Pocket Concordance — This 
i, a ve-y reliable, low-priced work, and 
very handy for rt ference. Trice, ollcts. 

Clone Communion — By Landon West. 
, this important subject in a simple 
though conclusive manner. Price -lets. 

Enijihatic Diaglott— Contains the ori- 
_• ' I t sek text with, an internn^ary word- 
for wo'd fcngllfch translation. Trice. $4.uu. 

One. Baptism— -By J '. H. Moore Pioves 

■'.;■ that trine immersion ie Chris- 

bapiu-m. Price lOcis; 12 copies, $ J XO. 

Aubignie's History of the Reforma- 

lion— I'ue best work extant on tl i* imi ori- 
anc epoch of history. 5v-.»ls. Price, *B.l0. 

Ih<: Kingdom of God— By James Ev^ns 

a 'ure, time and duration of 

- - om. Trice, lUcts; 3 copies 

,, bell and Pureell's Debate- On 

':'. 'man Cati olic religion ai d 
mplete on that subject. Trice, 

J h<: Mouse ice lire in*— By Daniel Vani- 

man. ijii ?e account of the faith 

Brethren. Trice, 100 


Smith anil Barnum's eomnrchens- 

tmaiy — the best of all ti e 
Bible . ariee. Cloth, 5.0U; same in 

feet-Washing— By J. ] . This 

■ proof regarding the 

Bter o on nance. Sin- 

g - ' 

Josephus* Complete Works— Contains 
eon regarding Ihi 

other matter.-, of inter- 
- /'. 

History r -f Palestine— By Hansell. This 

:n« ":- 
liab • iioly 

<>, •'/•a ',j Hingle Immersion -ByJas. 

Invaluable fo 

: copies, 

Biblical Antiquities— By John Nevin.- 
tiives a concise account of Kible times . nd 
OUStOmS; invaluable to all students of Bible 
subjects. Trice. SI. 50. 

Trine Immersion Traced to the 

Apostles, by J H. ^oore. An excellent, 
clear and logical treatise on the subject. — 
Trice l'icts; a copies, $1.10. 

The Christian System — By Alexander 
Campbell. A good work on the union of 

Christians and the restoration of primitive 
Christianity. Price. §1 50. 

Perfect Plan of Salvation : or Safe 
Ground. By J. H. Moore. Shows that the 
Brethren's position is infallibly safe. — 
Trice, 10ct8; 12 copies §1-00. 

Campbellism weighed in the Balance 
and Found Wanting. A clear and logical 
treatment of the subject. By J . H. Moore. 
Price, 2 copies lOcts ; 6 copies 25cts. 

Family Bible — This isafineand very com- 
plete work. New and old version side by 
side concordance and everything usually 
found in Bibles of the kind. Price only 
.«4 . 25. igg-Sent by express only . 

Sabbat ism - By M. M. Eshehnan. Treats 
the Sabbath question, showing that the 
first day of the week is the day for assem- 
bling in worship. Price lOcts; 10 copies, 

Barnes Notes— On the New Testament.— 

11 vol's: cloth « 16.50 

Barnes' Notes on the Psalms, 3 vols., 

the set i 50 

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set 3 00 

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H®~Any of the above works sent post- 
paid on receipt of the price. 

New Tune and Hymu Books— 

Half Leather, 6ingle copy, post-paid $ 1 00 

Per dozen, by express 10 00 

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Morocco, single copy, post-paid % 90 

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Per dozen, post-paid 6 80 

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Per dozen, post-paid 10 00 

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post-paid 1 20 

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Rates— Per Inch each Insertion : 

One time or more $1 50 

One month (4 times) . . 1 3U 

Three months (12 times) 1 20 

Six months (25 times) 1 00 

One year (50 times) 70 

No advertisement accepted for less than 1 00 

Certificates of Membership 


This is undoubtedly the most convenient 
=is well as the neatest blank-book for the pur- 
pose, ever issued. Every congregation should 
have one. and will then be enabled to keep a 
correct record of e t ery certificate issued, on 
the stub which permanently remains in the 
book. Price per book, bound substantially, 
51'cts, post-paid. Address Brethren's Pub- 
lishing Co. 

Just WhatJFou Need! 

For the convenience of our patrons and 
friends, we now offer to send post-paid, 100 
sheets of paper, bound in nice pads, in beauti- 
fully designed covers, with blotter on the in- 
side, at the following prices per piid of 100 


No. 6. White, Superfine 30cts 

No. 9'/4. Cream Laid, Superfine 35cts 


No. 13. White, Superfino Laid 40cts 

No. 15. Linen, Best and Medium Thick. . .45cts 
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quality 80cts 

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cream, superfine 40cts 

i I se papers are all first-class, and will give 
good satisfaction, Send for a pad and try it. 

older by the number. 



These envelopes have a summary of the 
fundamental principles of the chilli h neatly 
printed on the back. They can go as silent 
missionaries and do effective work in locali- 
ties where our doctrine is not known. Trice, 
15cts per package of 25 ; 40cts per 100. Address 
Brethren's Publishing Co. 

Victor Liver Syrup. 

FORMULA of Dr. P. 1). Fahrney-the great 
Liver and Blood Renovator and Family 
Medicine. Price, $1.00 per bottle: Eample 
bottles 25cts. Agents wanted every-where ; 
send for circulars and sell Victor Liver Syrup. 
Pain Balm, Cough Syrup, Infants' Relief, 
Liver Pills and Liniment. Address: 

P. O. Box 534. Frederick, Md. 


On Monday. June 5th, 1882, the following 

schedule went into effect on the Pennsylvania 

Railroad : 


Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittsbgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 P. M 1 35 P. M. 

Mail 2 13 P. M 8 50 A.M. 

Fast Line 6 00 P. M 11 30 A. M. 


Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Phil'da 

Johnst'n Exp'ss, 9 00 A. M 5 05 P. M. 

Day Express.... 1 25 P. M 7 35 P.M. 

Mail 3 50P.M. H'bg., 7 30P.M. 

Mail Express . ...8 05 P. M 2 55 A. M. 


CHAS.E.PUGH. Genl Pass. Jg't. 

Gen'l Manager. 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Huntingdon and Broad Top' Mountain R. 
R. on Monday, May 14th, 1883. 


Mail Exp'ss STATIONS. Exp'ss Mail 

P. M. A. M. P. M. P. Jl 

6 05 8 35 ...Huntingdon... 5 55 12 40 

6 15 8 50 McConnellstown 5 40 12 30 

6 22 8 55 Grafton 5 35 12 25 

6 35 9 06 ...Marklesburg .. 5 25 12 11 

6 43 9 15 ... Coffee Run ... 5 15 12 03 

6 50 9 21 Rough and Ready 5 00 11 57 

6 57 9 29 Cove 5 01 1150 

7 00 9 38 Fisher's Summit 4 58 11 45 

7 10 9 41 Saxton 4 48 1135 

7 25 9 55 ...Riddlesburg... 4 35 1120 

7 30 10 00 Hopewell... 4 29 1151 

7 40 10 10 ...Piper's Run.. 4 17 1105 

7 51 10 21 .... Tatesville.... 4 07 10 52 
3 02 10 30 Everett 3 58 10 43 

8 05 10 40 ....Mt. Dallas.... 3 55 10 40 

8 25 1100 Bedford 3 30 10 02 

10 00 12 35 ...Cumberland... 155 8 45 

P. M. P. M, P. M. A. M. 


While you are in perfect health is the 
proper time to inform yourself as to the 
Preventive, aEd Curative powers of the 



They act favorably on all Blood. 
Stomach. SKiu isowel and D i- 
n-iry Diseases, and will cure any- 
thing from a Pimii e to a Canctr, 
and need only a fair trial to convert you 
into a verbal advertiser &: co-worker 
for their sucessful introduction, 

On Application I will send you TREE 
a Pamphlet ; for 5 one cent stamps will 
send one unmonted 14x23 seven colored 
CHHOJxOoftheCiiituiyp).,.,! as 
seen in Mexico. Name this paper. 
Chicago, 111. 

Our readers will find an important ne«r 
Advertisement of Dr. Peter Fahrney, 
on another page, which merits careful 
reading. It will appear only one time. 
It advertises a medicine which hasbeen 
extensively used for a number of years, 
and which has given the proprietor quite 
a reputation. We invite special atten- 
tion to the " poster" to which reference 
is made in the advertisement, It is a 
handsome Engraving, substantially 
mounted, with a fine (J< ntury 1* a lit 
in the middle and a column of reading 
matter on each side. The Medicines of 
Dr. Fahrney are usually sold by agents, 
and not by the regular druggists. Dr. 
Fahrney has established s geed reputa- 
tion as a professional and business man 
and those who desire to give bis Reme- 
dies atrial need not hesitate to trust 
him. Carefully read the advertisement. 
- The Church Advocate. 

Economic Pencil Tablets, 

The best in quality for the priee Bend for 
a sampie lot which we send post-paid 
cents. Address Brethren's Pub; 

The Brethren's Pub: ---pared 

to do first-class job printing. We can rrirt 
anything you may want, from a^ 
a large, well-bound volume. Pan 
velopee, letter heads, not*- 1 
and business card- ecialty. Send to 

us for 1 -where. Address 

Brethren's Publishing Co. 

Some of the Many Letters Re- 
ceived i>y Us. 

Noeth Industry. V. 
Jan. I. J--4 

Deae Sma:— The Health Bestonr. 
Teething Syrup, Peerless lini- 
ment and Compound Syrup of Wild 
Cherry received from you w-re dle*ributed 
among our friends, and pronounced by them 
to be what yon claim for them. 

The Peerless liniment i- the favorite 
in our family '. We never had anything to ex- 
cel it. lours truly, 
T.i:v Noah Lob 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Pittsburgh. Fort Wayne and Chicago Bail- 
way on 31a;. 27, 188S. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr Chicago. 

Day Express -" Si A.M. 

Mail Express... H 22 T. M 6 50 A. M\ 

Limited Exp'ss.*8 57 P. M 10 40 A. M. 

FastLine §U - " P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago. Ccity time) for Pitts- 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chicago. Arr. Pittsb'gh, 

Day Express . »- 4 ' A. M « 12 A. M. 

LimitedExp'ss " P. M o "7 A. M. 

Hail Express. *5 4 P. M 12 22 P.M. 

Fas: Line '11 30 P. M 7 57 P. M. 

*Daily. tDaily. except Sunday. gD&ily. 
except Saturday . 






Is the Oldest, Best Constructed. Best Equip- 
ped and hence the Leading Bailway to 
the West and North-" 

It is the shortest and best route between 
Chicgo and all points in Northern Illinois, 
Iowa. Dakota, Wyoming. Ns^rc^ka, Califor- 
nia, Oregon. Arizona, Ctah, Colorado. Idaho, 
Montana, Nevada, and for Council Eluffs. 
Omaha, Denver, Leadville, Salt Lake. San 
Francisco, Deadwood. Slorix City. Cedar Rap- 
ids. Des Moines. Columbus and aB points in 
the Territories and the West. Also for Mil- 
waukee. Green Bay. Oshkosh, Sheboygan. 
Marquette, Fond du Lac. Watertown. Hough- 
ton. Neenah. Menasha. St. Paul, Minneapolis, 
Huron Volga. Fargo. Bismark. Winona. La 
Crosse. Owatonna. and all points in Minnes- 
ota, Dakota Wisconsin and the Nort: .-- 

At Council the Bluffs Trains of the Chicago 
and North-western and the U P. K'ys depart 
from and arrive at the same Cnion Depot. 

At Chicago close connections are made 
with the Lake Shore. Michigan Central. Bal- 
timore * Ohio. Ft Wayne and Pennsylvania. 
r.nd Chicago & Grand Trunk R'ys. and the 
Kankakee and Par Handle Eontes. Close 
connection made at .Tnnrrinn Points. It is 
the only line running North- Weesrrn Dining- 
Cars, West or North-west of Chicago. Pull- 
man Sleev ers on all Night Trains. 

Insist upon Ticket Agents selling yon tick- 
et* via this road . Examine them and refuse 
to buy if they do not read over the Chicago 
and North-western Railway. 

E^-lf you wish the Best Traveling A:; :~- 
modstions. yon will buy your Tickets by this 
route, anr' will take none other. 

AU Ticket Agents sell Tickets by this line. 
J ■ D. LAYNG. Gen.Pass Art- 

Gen . Sup't, Chicago. Chicago 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Entered at the Poet-Office at Mt. Morris, 
as Second Class Matter. 


Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 29, 1884. No. 

Vol. 21, Old Series. 



H. B. BRUMBAUGH^ Editor. 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box BO, 

Huntingdon. Pa. 

Send 50 cents and get the Young Disciple, 
an interesting religious weekly, a year for 
.your children. Sample copies sent free. 

Those . wishing to correspond with the 
General Agent of the Kansas Land Co., will 
address J. H. Brady, Enterprise, Dickenson 
County, Kansas. 

Bro. J. K. Reiner, of Philadelphia, in- 
forms us that Bro. J. T. Meyers, of Green 
Tree, Pa., is preaching for them in the city, 
and that a good interest is manifested. 

Bro. J. W. Wilt thinks some of locating 
in Altoona, Pa., to assist in laboring for the 
church there. Bro. Wilt is an active worker 
and we wish him success in whatever held of 
labor he may enter. 

Bro. R, T. Myers, of McVeytown, Pa., 
made a short call to our city, and was with 
us at our last prayer-meeting. He expressed 
himself pleased in meeting with us and we 
feel sure that his short talk was appreciated 
by the meeting. 

If yoiz wish to get a pretty and interesting 
pamphlet, describing the Southern States as 
a suitable place to spend the Winter and 
cold Spring months, and also how to get 
there at cheapest rates, address Thomas E. 
Watts, Pass. Agt., W. Div., Pittsburg, Pa. 

A good way to have peace in a community 
or church, is to be peaceable ourselves. If 
we are always on the look-out for trouble and 
even ready to exaggerate towards evil, every 
little circumstance that turns up, the peace 
of tlie church will soon be disturbed, and the 
fire of bitterness enkindled. Eires go out 
soonest when no fuel is added. So it is when 
the disturbing element of strife gets started. 
Let it alone, yes, let it severely alone and it 
will soon burn out. 

It is with feelings of sadness that we note 
the deaths of two of the Normal students, 
H. S. Hoffman, of Johnstown, Pa., and Reno 
Cornelius, of Shirleysburg, Pa The former 
attended during last Spring term, and at 
the time of his death, was teaching away 
from home. Mr. Cornelius was called from 
school on account of the illness of his broth- 
er. Two days after going home he took sick 
and in less than thirty-six hours he died. — 
How very soon! But such is life; to-day we 
live, to-morrow we die. 

Bro. H. M. Sherfy, of Millbrook, Tenn., 
reports very cold weather there. It seems 
that the cold wave has extended unusually 
far south during the cold spell of weather 
which we have been having. 

Friend Geo. A. Copp, of Fisher's Hill, Va., 
writes us a very kind letter. He is a mem- 
ber of no church, but evidently entertains 
warm feelings towards the Brethren. We 
hope he will soon see the necessity of taking 
a position where his influence can be a great- 
er power for good. 

Bro. Wm. F. Johnson, of Rodney, Michi- 
gan, tells us how a good work was started in 
his neighborhood. As a result ten were bap- 
tized, he and his companion being among the 
number. There are, no doubt, hundreds of 
other places where a similar work might be 
accomplished if proper efforts were made. 

Our contributors and friends will please 
remember that items of news, obituaries, 
or anything intended for publication, should 
not be written on a business letter. Busi- 
ness letters are all kept on file, and therefore 
cannot be put into the hands of printers. — 
Also remember that your name and address 
should be on each communication. 

Sister Lizzie B. Howe has resigned her 
matronship in the Orphan's Home at this 
place, and enters the Normal, with the in- 
tention of taking the graduating course. — 
The "Home" loses a good, earnest worker, 
but by it, the school will gain a worthy stu- 
dent. Her interest, however, in the Home 
remains unabated, and it is hoped that her 
relation to it, will not be entirely severed. 

A serious question being sprung upon us 
as a church is, what shall be done with an 
elder when he lives beyond his usefulness, 
as such, and is not able to see it. We have 
churches whose usefulness and success is be- 
ing much hindered and crippled on account 
of such elders, and yet there seems to be no 
remedy short of the death of the elder. Such 
are very unfortunate circumstances for a 
church to get into, and we believe that the 
church ought to provide a remedy to meet 
such cases as they occur. Could it not be 
arranged so that when adjoining elders be- 
come aware of the incompetency of an elder, 
on account of age, or otherwise, they can de- 
mand his resignation, relieve him of the 
work and assign another to his place. This 
could be done without inflicting any dishonor 
on the superannuated elder, as old age hon- 
orably discharges her servants from active 

We spent a pleasant period at the Normal 
the other day, in Prof. Price's philosophy 
class. The lesson was on the malevolent 
feelings, classing them with our instinctive 
powers, and as bting co-ordinate with the 
benevolent feelings. The discussion of the 
subject, to us, was very interesting, as it is 
one which we have given considerable 

The Eastern churches generally are mani- 
festing an unusual activity in promoting the 
cause of Christ. Continued meetings are be- 
ing held with good success, and we are glad 
to learn that many are turning from the er- 
ror of their ways, with the determination of 
devoting their abilities and influence to the 
cause of religion. While a goodly work, in 
places, is being done in this direction, much 
more might be done if all would do what 
they could. 

At our last prayer-meeting we had a good 
audience and an interesting subject; the ef- 
forts of Christianity as a civilizer. Bro. M. 
G. Brumbaugh led off with a very interest- 
ing talk, in which he tried to show us that 
men are civilized only in proportion to the 
Christ-life we have incorporated into our 
own, and that without Christianity there can 
be no true civilization. He was followed by 
others who made some interesting points on 
the subject. 

In looking over the Phrenological Journal 
for February, published by Fowler & Wells, 
New York, which, by the way, is a most ex- 
cellent number, we notice an article headed, 
"What are Boys and Girls reading?" We 
wish every parent in the country could read 
it, as it is a question most pertinent in this 
age, when there is so much trash thrown in 
the way of our young for reading. In com- 
ing up street the other morning, we noticed 
at each door a large newspaper entitled, Sat- 
urday Evening, a sheet filled with the lowest 
class of love-stories and such other matter as 
appeals to the passions of the youth. Sam- 
ples of such papers are printed by the mill- 
ions, and distributed in the larger towns and 
cities, all over the United States. In this 
way they are thrown in the way of the young, 
and are subscribed for and read, to the great 
injury of the morals and well-beiug of the 
readers. There is no other subject about 
which parents generally are s > indifterent, 
and yet it is one of vital importance. Broth- 
er and sister, what are your boys and girls 
reading? You should know, as you will be 
accountable for the results. 




ysali approved unto God. a workman that 
medeth not be ashamed, rightly dividing the 
Word of Truth. 


Bf F. H. B. 

Soldikb of Jesus, do not pause, 
I on your bo» and quiver: 

your aims! defend your cause, 
- urrendei not forever. 

Here, .;■ faith we live and move. 
In ev< . . it endeavor; 

By E:s work oar God doth prove, 
I faith may fail us never. 

Hope, the charmer of our way — 
The Son of Man the Giver — 

Prompts us forward, night and day, 
In hope of Life forever. 

h eternal: let it flow, 
On every sea and river; 
Fiowuing error broods below, 
But truth e. dures forever. 

_. •?, the sunshine of the soul, 
For light and love is ever 

One with us, in God's control, 
Forever and forever. 

God is Truth, throughout, in all, 
And Love is God's great lever; 

lien may fail, and men may fall, 
Bat God is true forever. 
Montandon, Pa, 


BY N. M. B. 

Number V. 

It is a solemn, a dreadful thought, the pos- 
sibilities of a human being. We may be- 
come like God: we may become demons! — 
Think of it. The height, or the depth; the 
glory, or the infamy; the joy, or the woe; the 
happiness eternal, or the eternal torment!— 
To be like God, or to be like the devil; that 
rs the question. 

Did you ever think it possible for you to 
be a demon? Did you ever think it possible 
for your soul to become the foul, the hideous, 
the grotesque, the raging, the unchanging 
soul of a demon? I know that our times are 
not notable for meditation. But here is a 
thought, which, it seems to me, if people 
o lid be brought fairly to grapple with, it 
would sober the mind, banish the frivolous, 
I -nder an earnest and serious disposi- 
tion of all its faculties and powers. The re- 
3 I oing influences of Christianity may hold 
in check the seeds of sin within. But as the 
is in the acorn, bo the demon and all the 
-.bilities of the demon slumber quietly in 
in the inmost recesses of the un- 
ig heart. 
The Christian has yielded his heart to an- 
other, who is plowing it, and weeding it, and 
g it. New seeds are germinating, 
giving a new character to the field. He suf- 
i ittle in this cleansing, uprooting 
It is a sore process. It is no easy 
sailing, it is against the current. It sepa- 
-. him from the world, its ways and no- 
But the work goes gradually on. The dev- 
. a not got possession of the field, though 

his sowing, at times, may show itself. An- 
other is in possession. Its prevalent, perma- 
nent disposition is. to suffer anything, how- 
ever self-mortifying, under its present pos- 
sessor rather than give the least advantage to 
the tempter. 

But in the unconverted and self-deceived, 
in the Churches and out of them, those seeds 
shall burst forth in mature development in a 
moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the 
last day. And the poor soul shall cry out in 
utter consternation and despair at this dread 
revelation of its possibilities, "O my soul, 
did I ever think I could come to this! Is it 
possible for me, the kind, the refined, the 
complaisant person! I see now the serpent 
slept and crept and lived beneath my fair ex- 
terior! I was alone' in the world; I would 
have no Helper; I belonged to Satan all the 

"And yet, strange, oh strange, I did not 
discover this. I was familiar with the name, 
but I never believed, deeply believed, he re- 
ally was in the world and actually interested 
in me. So I never feared his seductions, 
nev^r watched for them in all my ways. And 
so I lived, and lived, contenting myself cul- 
tivating the social amenities, the amiable 
qualities, which are often only the beautiful 
wild flowers growing on our fallen nature, — 
the offering of Cain. 

"I professed religion because 1 saw it was,,, 
safe, and wise, and popular. But I was a 
'lover of pleasure more than a lover of God.' 
My chief concern was not to form a holy 
character for eternity, to add somewhat daily 
to the stature of my soul. O, I did never see 
that the seeds of sin in my heart were the 
seeds of a demon." 

Have you, my friends, ever realized this i 
dreadful possibility? Alas! how prone we 
are to banish from us unpleasant prospects. 
Which of you, in the presence of great suf- 
fering, — the sickness and wasting and humil- 
iating circumstances of a dying bed, perhaps, 
have found yourselves saying in your heaits, 
"This is the very picture of me, poor me! — 
This is a part of what Satan has done for 
me." How hard to reflect upon our mortali- 
ty, to think deeply and honestly on our latter 

These thoughts are- intended for persons 
who are practicing a fair morality and are 
friendly to religion, if they do not even pro- 
fess it. Satan's devices with this vast class 
of persons in Bible lands, are just so covert 
and unsuspected. I do not doubt, in the 
least, that multitudes about us are going 
down daily to eternity, feeling that they must 
surely be benefitted, in some way, by all this 
truth of salvation and faith and piety and 
prayers of friends, by which they are sur- 

They feel that the very air they breathe is 
full of these good things; that they inhale 
them, and live in them as well as other peo- 
ple; that they form part of their beliefs. 

Persons, they are, who find no real enjoy- 
ment in the religious exercises of the heart, 
no habitual refuge from storms in God, who 
live along from day to day, not differing from 
other moral, respectable people of the world. 

Are these people soon to be demons? I be- 
lieve so. Is the idea revolting, my fri 
Come now with me a moment. Look on the 
bright, spiritual, angelic face of this young 
maid. See how the blood tinges the c 
with the hue of health and courses through 
th3 veins, imparting the glow and sea . 

What is there that speaks of death in I 
joyous smile? Who could believe in d 
till he, for himself, beholds it? The seeds of 
decay are not here apparent. But al 
are there, slumbering in her very .vitals. In 
a twinkling they roay burst forth, And in a 
day (you have seen it) they have transform- 
ed this fair body into a mass of the fo 
putrescence. What a revolting chai. 

Have a care, then, how you reject the pos- 
sibilities of your soul, because, forsooth, 
these possibilities, solemnly declared to 
are revolting to your feelings. The fin 
death of the soul shall be no less .shocking. 
When we stand thoughtfully by the dead and 
the dying, we may rise to some truer idea of 
the foul nature and desert of sin, which inev- 
itably works such dreadful results, even up- 
on our bodies. 

Still more may we learn as we stand even 
here in our day, and listen to those wailing 
tones of sore amazement, as they come to us, 
down through all the intervening ages, from 
the blessed lips of the Son of Man, "My 
God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" 
But I suppose all this and infinitely more be- 
sides will that poor soul see which si 
denly experience the awful truth that a sin- 
ful nature, however slightly developed in this 
life, if unchanged, must run its demon course 
as soon as all gracious influences are totally 

But for the gracious interposition of God, 
we had all been demons this day. Yet, strange 
delusion, we ask, "Can these things be — 
Can it be that these respectable compa:. 
of mine are soon to be foul demons? 
sky of their life is so fair; the air that sur- 
rounds them so balmy; they are so mod 
and prudent in their assertions, opinions and 
movements, and so pleasant withal. "It 
hardly be so," you remark. 

Have you ever, when cruel war swept the 
land, and a whole people's fate trembh 
the balance; or when a terrific battle v 
be fought on the early morrow,— have you 
then wondered why you could see and I 
and feel nothing in the blue sky, in : 
ing landscape and in the murmuring v. 
from the fields about you, to confirm what 
you knew to be your awful st 

And then you tried to disbelieve, and just 
for a moment hugged the sweet delus: 
your aching heart Did all these voioes 
seem to say to you, as you mused, "I 
peace," when you knew, O how - 
was no peace! Alas! my friend, tros 
your fancies, nor to your gentle feeKnga — 
There are terrible realities about us. The 
sin fall was a far more awful calami, k 
human family than most men do now :: 

"To be forewarned is to be He tt led."— 
You know full well that sin has ripened i 



in this world and brought forth monsters in 
every generation. The pathway of the fam- 
ilies of the earth is stained with their horrid 
barbarities. The history of every people of 
antitpiity appears but a record of the strug- 
gles of inhuman monsters, small and great, 
to have their sway. Behold in them a feeble 
measure of your possibilities, if you go into 
Eternity unseparated from sin. "Some men's 
sins go beforehand into judgment: others fol- 
low after." 

One thing is certain. Sin, whatever it is, 
(we know it by its effects) is rooted in your 
heart. If it does not grow, develop, and fin- 
ish its course now, it will by and by. The 


the cell proliferation of a malignant tumor, 
it will suddenly burst forth and develop, and 
deform you, and make you hideous in your 
own eyes. It may be to-morrow! 

You will probably hear this without much 
concern. It will hardly prick through the 
skin, if Satan can but a little fortify your in- 
difference. If you ar.e a member of a learn- 
ed profession, you will look perhaps with 
mild scorn upon what you may choose to con- 
sider the fantasies of a newspaper writer. — 
If you are a church member or other very 
good person with pleasant domestic relations, 
but without a genuine religious experience, 
you will not dream for once that you are 

O, the subtilty of the Evil One ! I have 
curiously watched a midsummer's storm ap- 
proaching. How swiftly it came; black, fear- 
ful, with its ominous lightnings silently play- 
ing. Not a breath of air, not a sound told of 
its advance. I turned to the East. How in- 
viting the prospect, with its mild, clear sky 
and undisturbed horizon. And I would fain 
have kept my back forever on that black 
cloud, and have allied myself with the peace- 
ful, benignant, wooing prospect stretched out 
before me. The mariner says, "I will gaze 
upon it and enjoy it longer; if the West 
threatens, why may I not find solace in the 
East; why may I not choose to rest under 
these promising, friendly skies?" But while 
he muses, it is upon him. And with a sharp 
cry of dread and "Mercy on me," he braces 
himself as he can, poor, foolish day-dreamer, 
to meet its fury upon his frail bark. When 
he looks again for the smiling East, he does 
not find it. How in a moment, in a moment, 
the whole heavens are become black; the face 
of nature is changed; and the remnants of 
that vessel are scattered along the shore! 

Thus the multitudes live, and live, and eat 
and drink, and then are swept away; fondly 
dreaming, self-deceived, and unsuspecting. 

"Fort Lynne," near Harrisonburg, Va. 



Number IV. 

Notwithstanding the millennial age will 
be one of great enjoyment to all, and espe- 
cially to the saints; and were there nothing 
more glorious awaiting them, we would con- 
clude it was good enough: but we have con- 

cluded, from what is written in the sacred 
pages, that it is only an intermediate state be- 
tween the present and final state of happi- 
ness of the righteous. 

It will only continue one thousand years. 
"And when the thousand years are expired, 
Satan will be loosed out of his prison, and 
will go out to deceive the nations which are 
in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and 
Magog, to gather them together to battle; the 
number of them is as the sand of the sea. — 
And they went up on the breadth of the earth 
and compassed the camp of the saints about, 
and the beloved city, and fire came down 
from God out of heaven and devoured them. 
And the devil that deceived them was cast in- 
to the lake of fire and brimstone, where the 
beast and false prophet are, and shall be tor- 
mented day and night forever and ever." — 
Rev. 20. 

We find, in Rev. 19: 20, that the beast and 
false prophet were cast into the lake of fire 
just one thousand years before Satan himself 
was; this does not look much like annihila- 
tion, or destruction, as they were still remain- 
ing there when Satan wa3 doomed to the 
same punishment. Another favorite text in 
support of that theory is found in the fourth 
chapter of Malachi, where the prophet says, 
"The wicked shall become ashes under the 
saints' feet." 

Here, no doubt, will be a literal fulfillment 
of that prophecy; for if the saints ever get 
beyond the limits of that camp (and it is rea- 
sonable to suppose they will), they will tread 
on the ashes of the wicked, for they had sur- 
rounded the camp of the saints when the fire 
from God out of heaven devoured them; but 
this is no evidence in favor of annihilation, 
though they were devoured by fire; for those 
very ashes must come forth again at the sec- 
ond resurrection and general, or final judg- 

The inspired writer continues the subject, 
from the 10th verse to the close of the 20th 
chapter of Revelation. "And I saw a great 
white throne, and him that sat on it, from 
whom the earth and heavens fled away; and 
there was no place for them. And I saw the 
dead, small and great, stand before God ; and 
the books were opened : and another book was 
opened, which is the Book of Life; and the 
dead were judged out of those things which 
were written in the books according to their 

"And the sea gave up the dead which were 
in it; and death and hell delivered up the 
dead which were in them; and they were 
judged every man according to their works. 
And death and hell were cast into the lake of 
fire. This is the second death. And whoso- 
ever was not found written in the Book of 
Life was cast into the lake of fire." The 
Apostle Peter, writing upon the same sub- 
ject (2 Pet. 3), makes use of the following 

"This second epistle, beloved, I now write 
unto you; in both of which I stir up your 
pure minds by way of remembrance; that ye 
may be mindful of the words which were 
spoken before by the holy prophets, and of 
the comniandments of us, the apostles of the 

Lord and Savior: knowing this, that there 
shall come in the last days scoffers, walking 
after their own lust, and saying, where is the 
promise of his coming? for since the fathers 
fell asleep, all things continue as they were 
from the beginning of the creation. 

"For this they are willingly ignorant of, 
that by the word of God the heavens were of 
old, the earth standing out of the water and 
in the water; whereby the world that then 
was perished; but the heavens and the eaith, 
which are now, by the same word are kept in 
store, reserved unto fire against the day of 
judgment and perdition of ungodly men. 

"But beloved, be not ignorant of this one 
thing; that one day is with the Lord as a 
thousand years, and a thousand years as one 
day. The Lord is not slack concerning his 
promise, as some men count slackness; but is. 
long- suffering to usward, not willing that any 
should perish, but that all should come to re- 
pentance. But the day of the Lord will come 
as a thief in the night; in the which the 
heavens shall pass away with a great noise, 
and the elements shall melt with fervent 
heat, the earth also and the works that are 
therein shall be burned up. 

"Seeing, then, that all these things shall be 
dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye 
to be in all holy conversation and godliness? 
Looking for, and hasting unto the coming of 
the day of God, wherein the heavens being 
on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements 
shall melt with fervent heat. Nevertheless, 
we, according to his promise, look for a new 
heaven and a new earth, wherein dwelleth 

The Lord God, after the flood, promised 
Noah that he would no more destroy the 
world by water, but as the antediluvians were 
destroyed by the deluge of water, even so 
shall the ungodly be punished in the deluge 
of fire. This earth will undergo a mighty 
conflagration, by which all combustible mat- 
ter will be destroyed, and God, according to 
his promise, will bring forth a new earth, 
purified from the curse under which it lay 
ever since the transgression of our first par- 
ents. Gen. 3: 17. The prophet Isaiah says, 
the new earth will so far exceed the former, 
that it (the former) will no more come to 

In the 21st chapter of Revelation, we have 
a beautiful description of the new heaven 
and earth, and the holy city, the new Jerusa- 
lem, coming down from God, out of heaven. 
"And I saw s new heaven and a new earth; 
for the first heaven and the first earth were 
passed away; and there was no more sea. — 
And I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusa- 
lem, coming down from God out of heaven, 
prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 
And I heard a great voice out of heaven, say- 
ing, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with 
men, and he will dwell with them, and they 
shall be his people, and God himself shall 
be with them and be their God. 

"And God shall wipe away all tears from 
their eyes; and there shall be no more death, 
neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there 
be any more pain; for the former things are 
passed away. And he that sat upon the 



aid, I make all things new. And 
me. Write: for these words are 
.■ faithful" 
We IonH conceive the idea that the inspir- 
ed -writer had reference, by now heaven, to 
the dwelling od; for that is not de- 

sin, hence, no necessity for renewing 
Gen. 1: 6-S, "And God said, 
i 1 be a firmament in the midst of the 
let it divide the waters from the 
And . od made the firmament, and 
divided the waters which were under the fir- 
he waters which were above 
it; and it was so. And God call- 
the firmament heaven, and the evening 
morning were the second day/' 
m the above Scripture we draw the con- 
clusion, that the atmosphere, or air, which we 
.nually breathe, is the heaven spoken of; 
1 water are both elements, and as 
-:le Peter says, they will melt with 
fervent heat: hence, it is said, there will be 
sea on the new earth. There will al- 
: a new atmosphere created, one that is 
, 3 will not be impregnated with vari- 
ous poisonous gases, as this one is, causing 
diseases of many kinds; for there will be no 
more sickness, sorrow, pain nor death, for all 
the former things shall have passed away. 

And the most glorious of all will be the 
New Jerusalem, with its golden streets, — 
'•which will need no light of the sun, neither 
of the moon, for the Lord God will be the 
: thereof/' For a full description of it, 
read the whole twenty- first chapter of Reve- 

,: And he showed me a pure river of water 
e, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the 
throne of God and of the Lamb. In the 
midst of the street of it, and on either side of 
the river, was there the Tree of Life, which 
bare twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her 
fruit every month, and the leaves of the tree 
were for the healing of the nations." Eev. 
22: 1. 2. 

In the Scripture last quoted, we find there 
will be nations on the new earth, and also na- 
tions that have need of healing. Therefore, 
the work of grace is still going on in this re- 
and will continue until the worbof 
ion will finally be completed; until, 
"at the name of Jesus every knee shall bow, 
of things in heaven, and things on the earth, 
and things under the earth; and every tongue 
- that Jesus Christ is Lord, to 
Sod the Father." 
We read, Heb. 10: 1, of "the law having a 
E good things to come." And among 
other things under the law, were the Sabbat- 
ical years; th , already spoken 
of the millennial age And then 
•n Sabbaths of years, 
. would make forty-nine years; and on 
th year, they were to cause thetrum- 
• p. jubilee to 11 the inhab- 
the land were to be set at liberty, — 
2a -which ,w of the 
. ill have completed the 
"the last ene- 
my, which is death, will be destroyed and all 
i at liberty, through the 
,.- tl e everlasting covenant: and Christ 

himself will be subject to the Father, that 
God may be all in all." 1 Cor. 15. And this, 
the greatest of all events, will be accom- 
plished the fifty-thousandth year from the 
creation of man. 

The new heaven and new earth and the 
heavenly Jerusalem are the final state of en- 
joyment, or at ieast, all that God has seen fit 
to reveal. Dr. Thomas Dick says that eter- 
nity will be spent in passing from one plan- 
etary system to another, exploring the vast 
universe of God, and never reach the end. 

There may be a continual advancement in 
the ages to come, from one degree of glory to 
another; however, if there is nothing beyond 
that which has been revealed, it is enough; 
and if there is, God will reveal it in his own 
time. In conclusion, we hope and pray that 
our conduct may be such that we may obtain 
all the blessings promised in God's Word, 
and escape the awful judgments awaiting the 



It is often said that Christ instituted these 
ordinances in the night in which he was be- 
trayed, but this is a mistake; God himself in- 
stituted Feet-washing and the Passover as 
ordinances in his services at the time he gave 
Israel his law. 

God commanded Moses to make a laver of 
brass and put it between the tabernacle and 
the altar, and put water in it, and Aaron and 
his sons must wash their hands and their 
feet when they go in the tabernacle, or when 
they come near to the altar to minister, that 
they die not. And it shall be a statute to 
them forever. Ex. 30: 17-21. 

That the Jews observed the feast of the 
Passover at the time Christ was on earth, the 
Scriptures clearly prove; and it is morally 
certain that the command to the priests to 
wash their hands and feet before they served 
at the altar was also observed; and the time 
God had appointed for the observance of the 
Passover was near at hand, and Jesus having 
said unto them, "Ye know that after two 
days is the feast of the Passover", the disci- 
ples were certain that he would eat the Pass- 
over with them; and therefore said unto him, 
"Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee 
to eat the Passover?" And having told them 
where, "A ad they made ready the Passover." 
Matt. 26: 19; Mark 11: 16; Luke 22: 13= "In 
the mouth of two or three witnesses every 
word shall be established." 

"Now when the even was come, he sat 
down with the twelve." Matt, 26: 20. "And 
in the eveniog he cometh witli the twelve. — 
And as they sat and did eat." Mark 14: 17, 
18. "And when the hour was come, he sat 
down and the twelve apostles with him." — 
Luke 22: 14. Now that Jesus intended to 
eat the Passover, the disciples had made 
ready, AS the PASSOVER, they had no doubt. 
Bat he rises from supper (the meal they had 
made ready) "and laid aside his garments; . 
. . and began to wash his disciples' feet." — 
John 13. 

Jesus assuming the position of priest, the 
law required him to wash his hands and feet 
before he ministered; and if he had 
this, there would have been no trouble with 
Peter, for that he saw done every time he saw 
the priest minister; but such a departure 
from the law he will not submit to without a 
parley; just as every orthodox brother now 
would do if one would introduce such a de- 
parture from the established order of the 

Jesus, knowing his zeal for the law, sim- 
ply said unto him, "What I do, thou kne 
not now, but thou shalt know hex 
is to say, I am about to change the ordL: 
es of the law and adapt them to the Gospel 
dispensation, which I am come to set up. — 
And "ye call me Master and Lord, and so I 
am;" therefore, I have authority to change 

Paul says, "If, therefore, perfection were 
by the Levitical priesthood ( for under it the 
people received the law j, what furtl 
was there that another priest should 
er the order of Melchisedec, and not be call- 
ed after the order of Aaron? For the pi 
hood being changed, there is made of n 
sity a change also of the law." See Heb. 7: 

Thus Christ, of the tribe of Judah, being 
made a priest, not after the law of the Levit- 
ical priesthood, but after the power of an 
endless life, and thus the priesthood being 
changed, of necessity there must be a change 
of the law also; and hence, he changes (not 
institutes) the law of feet- washing from the 
priest washing his hands and feet to wa-„ 
his disciples' feet, adapting it to the Gospel- 
dispensation, in which ail baptized beli : 
are kings and priests to God. 

And by eating the made-ready 
a common meal, he changed the Passover of 
the law to the Lord's Supper of the - 
The law gave the Jews a number of fe - 
and what distinguished the Passover f re 
the feasts was the peculiar law how it 
be prepared and eaten. Both were cl 
defined in the law, and a departure from ei- 
ther would invalidate its legality. And as 
the disciples made ready the Passover, it is 
evident they did it according to the law. — 
But unless it is eaten according to the d 
tion of the law, it will not be leg 

"And ye shall eat it with your loins gird- 
ed, your shoes on your feet, and your stall in 
your hand ; and ye shall eat it in haste : it is 
the Lord's Passover." Ex. 12: li. 

And as this was to be perpetuate i ae . me- 
morial of their deliverance out ef bondage, 
they must observe it just as God commanded, 
or it will not represent to their lanta 

what God designed it should. Christ ob 
ed none of the^e precepts in eatu 
disciples had made read}' for the Passover. — 
Instead of standing, he sat down: ir. ie 
having his loins girded, he laid a - 
ments. Instead of having a staff in his h 
he had a basin with water; ii 
their shoes on their feet, the diseip: -. 
take them off to have their ft et 
and instead of eating it in hasl 
gaged in an easy conversation; the; 



hymn and went out into the Mount of Olives, 
instead of remaining in-doors, as the law re- 
quired. Thus, in eating, he changed the 
Passover of the law to the Lord's Supper of 
the Gospel. 

Other changes were made, such as the 
priests of the law offering the gifts of the 
people, — Christ offered himself, and instead 
of pouring out at the foot of the altar the 
blood of the slain victims of the law, Christ 
poured out his own blood, etc. But these 
are not pertinent to the service under consid- 

"For I have given you an example, that ye 
should do as I have done unto you." Under 
this declaration, strife, contention, and even 
division has been brought into the church by 
brethren contending for the mode and man- 
ner of Christ washing and wiping the feet of 
his disciples as being intended by the exam- 
ple. This is a mistake, and is the result of an 
improper consideration of the subject. All. 
that is meant by the example is, that Christ 
washed his disciples' feet, and not his own, 
as the law required the priest to do. Christ 
had said to Peter, "What I do thou knowest 
not now; but thou shalt know hereafter" ; then 
after he had washed their feet, he said unto 
them, "Know ye what I have done unto you?" 
The law requires the priest to wash his feet; 
but I have washed your feet; and I have giv- 
en you an example that ye should do as I 
have done to you. You must not do as some 
Judaizers after me will do, teach that the law 
must be observed, etc. 

This is all the example means, or that can 
be followed in the observance of this ordi- 
nance. To follow the example literally will 
involve the necessity of the administrator to 
wash the feet of twelve brethren, and his own 
not washed at all, and one must be a devil. — 
This is the example. And women cannot be 
admitted, for the example has none. To fol- 
low the example, women will forever be ex- 

But the church being the body of Christ 
(not, as it is sometimes said, represents the 
body of Christ), there is no representation 
about it. She is the body of Christ positive. 
Rom. 12: 5; Eph. 1: 23; Col. 1: 24, and 1 Cor. 
12: 27. "Now ye are the body of Christ, and 
members in particular." And by one Spirit 
are ye all baptized into (this) one body, in 
which are neither male nor female, but are 
all one in Christ. 

And as Christ in his literal body washed 
the feet of his disciples, so now in the church, 
his body on earth, her members wash one an- 
other's feet; and whether the members be 
male or female, and whether one washes, and 
another wipes, there is no difference. ALL 



— The Christian friends held their Con- 
ference in our town, Covington, last Autumn; 
during their session a complaint, was pre- 
sented, that some of their membership did 
not respect certain resolutions passed by 

former Conferences ; upon \\ hich one of their 
members of experience arose and remarked: 
"I want it understood, that when an individ- 
ual joins our church, he virtually signs away 
all right to individual choice in matters per- 
taining to church government." 

I hold the above principle founded on the 
fact, that "two cannot walk together except 
they be agreed," and in harmony with Christ's 
provision in Matthew 18th, for members "to 
hear the church." Not hearing the church, 
and the right to individual opinion in opposi- 
tion to the .voice of the church, is the occa- 
sion of our present sad history. 

— There are and have been several distin- 
guished bodies of plain people in the Unit- 
ed States; none, however, more prominent, 
nor that exerted a wider influence in this 
country and in Europe, than the Friends or 
Quakers. Under the influence of one David 
Hick3, a division occurred among them, the 
plainer element being termed Hicksites, the 
other the orthodox. 

The speed with which these large bodies 
have drifted to the world in fashion, is both 
sad and astonishing. Near where we were 
preaching recently, was a large society of 
Orthodox Friends, carrying on their revival; 
purely Methodist style, instrumental music 
and shouting included. 

"While on a visit to "Wabash Co., Ind., it 
was my privilege recently to attend the fu- 
neral of an aged Hicksite sister, and to my 
surprise and grief, I beheld but few marks of 
their original plainness. In many places, I 
learn that the old, plain members do not at- 
tend their public services, but quietly sit at 

The above again illustrates the absolute ne- 
cessity of set limits on the dress question; 
and who in the wide world is better qualified 
to set these limits than the church? To let 
each member set this for themselves is sim- 
ply "a short line" to the broad commons of 
the fashionable world. 

— The Old School Baptists recently held 
an association in Wabash Co., Ind. One of 
the exponents of their doctrine publicly re- 
marked, in line of their belief, "that God 
had eternally fore-ordained, before the dust 
on the highest hill was dry, that he should 
be eternally saved." As the Elder was leav- 
ing the stand, a gentleman took him by the 
hand and inquired, "Elder, please tell me 
what yoa had done, that God, before the dust 
on the highest hill was dry, had fore -ordain- 
ed that you should be eternally saved ? And 
what was it that I did not do, that God, be- 
fore the dust on the highest hill was dry, 
fore-ordained that I should be eternally lost?" 
I need not add, the question was not answer- 

; «ga ■ ;> ■ nu m 



A majority of mankind have, for ages, be- 
lieved in the existence of a Supreme Being, 
a Creator, who, in his wisdom, had made all 
things, and further than that, he has prepar- 
ed a place of rest for those who love and 
obey him. Time has given us no cause to 

differ from the views of our fathers. They 
held the Bible to be true. Its teachings have 
stood the scathing test of time, and most of 
its predictions and prophecies have been ful- 

Why should we doubt? Indeed, I do not 
see how any one can deny the inspiration of 
the Bible — that Book of books, which teach- 
es us so many beautiful lessons. No other 
book in our libraries can fill its place or be 
as much of a comforter to the waiting soul. 
This is not the only evidence we have of a 
Creator. Let us look at the Book of Nature, 
and carefully examine the many objects pre- 
sented to us. Everything speaks to us, but 
if we fail to understand them, their beauties 
and teachings are lost. 

Every tree, every cloud, the blue sky, the 
bright sun, the pale moon, the twinkling 
stars, the babbling brook, or the chirping 
birds are but a few of the many evidences of 
the Hand that made them. Take for exam- 
ple— flowers. We first notice that there are 
many kinds; every kind is of a different col- 
or and shape, — their habits are different. — 
Some close at night and open again in the 
morning, the same flower as before. There 
are many other differences ; the stem of most 
flowers contains tubes so fine that they can- 
not be seen with the naked eye. But exam- 
ine them with a microscope, and they can be 
seen plainly. 

Now, curious as it may 'seem, the sap that 
nourishes the flower, passes through these 
tubes. The tubes of a flower are all alike. — 
The sap is the same, yet why is it that one 
flower often has three or four different col- 
ore? • There are many things in nature we 
cannot account for; this clearly proves' to us 
the existence of a Mind superior to that of 

Everything was placed here for a purpose, 
for man to use and enjoy. Let us seek knowl- 
edge on these subjects, for it teaches us to 
comprehend the wisdom and power of God, 
who is the First Great Cause of all things; 
for he tells us in his Word that he made ev- 
erything that was made. Let us renew our 
covenant, hold out faithful; then we have the 
promise of a home in his glorious kingdom. 

Plymouth, Ind. 

If Jesus Christ were to come again, it does 
seem, from our conception of His character, 
that He would appear first of all to some 
poor girl in these dark streets, who is going 
down uncared for to perdition; and He would 
cast out of her more than seven devils; and 
then she, poor thing, would fall down at His 
feet and worship Him. Then she would rise 
— rich immortal! — with the Savior's spirit 
broodiDg upon her heart, and with a seven- 
starred crown of angelic chastity restored to 
her faded brow; and the white-robed ones of 
the kingdom would gather around her in ves- 
tal purity to welcome her, as the stars, long 
mourning a lost Pleiad, would sing her into 
blessedness and peace again. — Alexander 
Clark, D. D. 

Unlettered men are not always the most 
ignorant; nor learned men always wise. 





A rEvon mftu once commanded the pen- 
itent Saul: "Aviso and bo baptized, and wash 
s. calling on the name of the 
is 22: 16. Taking the expression, 
thy sins - ' in a figurative sense, 
and we may approach the reason God set 
• sin for penitent believers. We might 
ad is holy and pure, and that he 
all who come to him, purity of 
worship and endurance, and still 
fully understand the penalty of trans- 
- -:rg the law of God, or the magnitude of 
3 opposition to sin. The reason of this 
Las given us the moral power to 
:n good from evil, but without some ac- 
quired knowledge the attribute of purity in 
the Deity could not be transferred to the hum- 
an mind. The unbounded goodness of God 
moved him to select things in nature to con- 
vev to the mind of man such qualities of him- 
;.s would transfer us into the plane of per- 
en joyment. In the beginning there was 
not a single object in the world that would 
press into the soul of man the idea of Divine 
purity; and as God designed this idea to find 
a place in the human heart, he chose to get 
it there by a process prepared expressly for 
that purpose. This was done by a series of 
comparisons — the offering of birds and beasts 
denominated "clean." 

Xow in order to transfer to our minds the 
knowledge of "remission of sin," a cleansing 
of the soul, he institutes a washing in water. 
He knew that the idea of the power of water 
over uncleanness had already been infused 
into the human mind; therefore there re- 
mained no longer a need of the law of com- 
i -on for this purpose; but to transfer this 
into the realms of our spiritual being, as 
ing the soul, an institution having some 
rial substance connected with it, was 
called into existence. As it became necessa- 
. a order to transfer the idea of holiness to 
Israel by means of the law of comparison, 
g apart animals that were clean, and 
that only the cleanest of the clean should be 
ed to God, so it became necessary, for 
our well-being, that the "washing of regener- 
ould be set up that the idea of spir- 
itual ymrity might be transferred to the hu- 
man mind. When this idea once finds lodg- 
t in the soul, it is no longer necessary to 
ply with the object which served as a 
. that idea to the human heart; 
ptism need not be repeated when 
::ug to the divine requirements. 
The dispensation in which, we live is pecul- 
iarly spiritual. We are taught that God is 
. it Now, since we can have no idea of 
t and attributes of a spiritual 
.; '_' reveals them to us, 
of such a Being must 
the philosophy 
(•I baptism, as "washing away 

}■]■■; n is human; and, 

receiving is concerned, must 

7 as he did in all ages of the 

To impress the idea of a God, mirac- 

ulous power and great deliverances were em- 
ployed by the Deity. To impress upon the 
human mind the attributes of the Deity, sun- 
dry ceremonies and ordinances were intro- 
duced; and while these served this purpose 
they were also employed as pointers to a 
more perfect system, to be introduced and 
presided over by One sent from the I Am. 
Instead of "shadows," we have the real, and 
as the real was foreshadowed, so he leaves an 
aftershadow — the works and examples of his 

As faith in "a divine suffering Savior" 
quickens, regulates,and harmonizes the mor- 
al powers, disposing the soul to choose him 
as its object of love and reverence, the knowl- 
edge, which lies behind that faith enables 
the recipient to give reasons for each step in 
divine economy. He sees that by use of wa- 
ter his body, his dress, his dwelling, his food 
and whatever needs cleansing may be made 
acceptable to his tastes and desires. He un- 
derstands the philosophy of the application 
of water to remove filth; and knowing that 
without this use of water he must, in time, 
yield to the power and influence of unclean- 
ness, he thinks of water, desires water, seeks 
it, finds it and uses it; and the result is en- 

The Divine Intelligence knowing the moral 
power of example, chose water as an ele- 
ment fitly to symbolize the remission of sin. 
As the body is overwhelmed by water, so the 
Divine Spirit overwhelms the soul of man; 
and as water cleanses from filthiness, so the 
spirit purifies the heart, making clean the 
life that once was defiled. In this manner 
the idea of spiritual cleansing is conveyed to 
the human mind, and we receive an appreci- 
ative knowledge of the power and purpose of 
the Spirit of God. The belief of the spirit is 
founded upon constitutional law; and God 
knowing that the soul, spirit and body of 
man are influenced by what the man believes, 
associated good with the belief of the truth, 
and evil with the belief of error. A belief of 
the truth of baptism is associated with a spir- 
itual good, which necessarily follows every 
penitent believer who submits to it; and 
whether he understands the philosophy of it 
or not, the Divine mind recognizes him as 
born of the water and of the spirit, therefore 
a child of God, a sheep of his pastures, citi- 
zen of his kingdom, a disciple of his school, 
a brother of his son, and a partaker of his 
divine nature. 

It pleases the Divine Being not to leave us 
without a witness. The understanding being 
enlightened, he conveys to us the knowledge 
of the putting away of our sins; and as we 
can readily understand that water, insinuat- 
ing itself among the particles of filth, sepa- 
rates them, destroying their cohesiveness and 
compelling them to let go of the object, so the 
Divine Spirit and blood of Christ, lays hold of 
sin in our souls and causes it to relax its hold 
upon us. Baptism, therefore, becomes a fit 
emblem of the inward work, and the true 
idea of what God does in us and for us is 
conveyed to the mind. With this knowledge, 
the purified heart is doubly armored against 
subsequent attacks of the enemy, and the 

"new man" with joy goes on "unto perfec- 



How often do we compare and measure 
our doings with the doings of others! Fre- 
quently we hear the following replies to some 
kind friend's slight hint that we did wrong, 
"Oh, well, I am not any worse than brother 

A. He does so and so, and I am sure that is 
much worse than I have done." Or, "sister 

B. wears so and so, and that is much gayer, 
costlier, and finer than mine." Well, perhaps 
it is, but does their wrong-doings make yours 
right? Will it help your wrong, because 
somebody else does wrong, too? Xay, verily. 
Paul says, "For every man shall bear his 
own burden." And we have every reason to 
believe that each one will be called upon to 
answer for himself when upon trial, and such 
flimsy excuses will avail us naught then. 
Why not say, "Yes, I'm wrong, I'll admit, 
and God helping me, I'll try to refrain from 
doing so hereaftei!' 

Do we ever think of these things? It is 
important. Let us look into 2 Cor. 10: 12. 
For we dare not make ourselves of the num- 
ber, or compare ourselves with some that 
commend themselves; but they, measuring 
themselves by themselves, and comparing 
themselves among themselves, are not wise. 
Very likely the chief reason that the advice 
was given by the apostle was, that we are so 
apt to take a very poor model for compar- 

We generally look around, carefully exam- 
ining every brother and sister, and when our 
eyes light upon one who is somewhat slack 
in his duty, we make a full comparison be- 
tween himself and ourself, and generally find 
a great many points in our favor, and those 
that are not, we quietly ignore; then we turn 
our eyes away with the suppressed thought, 
"I thank God that I am not as this publi- 
can." . 

But had we taken, or did we always take a 
more perfect model, we might find a very 
great need of striving to do better. Christ 
and his Word is our true Model, or should 
be, and if we always, use him as such, we find 
no time nor inclination -to examine others so 
uncharitably as we often do, and for the pur- 
pose of self-commendation, too. 

Were we to read a little further in the 
same chapter I have mentioned, we shall re- 
ceive another good bit of advice. See v. 18. 
"For not he that commendeth himself is ap- 
proved, but whom the Lord commendeth." — 
It will likely be very true, that if our Great 
Exemplar has been faithfully followed, we 
shall receive a much greater reward or com- 
mendation than we are able to give ourselves. 
We may often fail, yea, do. But if we strive 
continually unto the end, I shall have no 
doubt, that our reward will be much greater 
than we deserve. 

If we, instead of examining a weaker 
brother for comparisons for self-praise, were 
to extend the hand of charity to aid him fur- 



ther on in the cause, we might, too, be more 
likely to receive our Savior's commendation. 
God help us always to do His will, help us 
to compare ourselves with Him continually, 
help us to help each other, and finally have 
Him pass His commendation of great joy 
upon us in the words of old, so familiar, — 
"Well done, good and faithful servant; enter 
thou into the joy of thy Lord." 


Children hunger perpetually for new 
ideas. They will learn with pleasure from 
the lips of parents what they deem drudgery 
to study in books; and even if they have the 
misfortune to be deprived of many educa- 
tional advantages, they will grow up intelli- 
gent people. We sometimes see parents who 
are the life of every company which they en- 
ter, dull, silent and uninteresting at home, 
among their children. If they have not men- 
tal activity and mental stores sufficient for 
both, let them first use what they have for 
their own households. A silent home is a 
dull place for young people, a place from 
which they will escape if they can. How 
much useful information, and what unconsci- 
ous, but excellent mental training, in lively, 
social argument! Cultivate to the utmost, 
the art of conversation at home. 



There are times when we feel as if the 
"real joy of life is living," giving free, full, 
play to all the powers, physical or intellect- 
ual. We have a worthy end in view, and by 
concentration, persistency, and patience, 
qualities which burn their way through every 
obstacle, our efforts are finally crowned with 
success. But where one thus succeeds, there 
are many who fail, even when the prize 
seems almost within grasp. Even then, 
sometimes, our fondest hopes are blighted, 
and all our endeavors end in what the world 
calls, a failure. Perhaps those whom Ave im- 
agined were our friends, forsake us in this 
hour. We think we are worthy of confidence, 
and are repaid in suspicion. We look for af- 
fectionate kindness or sympathy, and behold 
enmity. Those whom we have served, turn 
against us, or are indifferent to our fate, 
while in our loneliness we bear the sad and 
bitter experience of distrust and disappoint- 
ment. And is it not all the harder to bear 
because so utterly unexpected ? We thought 
the victory was won, and looked for a corona- 
tion, and instead we find a "crown of thorns," 
with the hardest battle of life yet before us. 
It takes courage to bear all this, and not lose 
heart and pray with the Savior "Take away 
this cup from me." Let us not doubt the 
wisdom of our Heavenly Father, and though 
with a bleeding, stricken heart, always add, 
"Not my will, but thine, be done." 

God knows best. A triumphant success 
might have engrossed all our time and atten- 
tion. We might have lost sight of higher 
aims and purposes. When life loses some of 

its charms, we kneel at the cross. When 
earth fails to satisfy, do we not think more 
of the home in Heaven? God is weaving in- 
to the loom of life a pattern which, when com- 
pleted is to pass under his eye for inspec- 
tion. Chance flings no black threads to spoil 
the .pattern. What we call accident, God 
compels to work out his beneficent design. All 
things work together for good to those that 
love God, — even the malignancy of their 
foes, and their own ignorant mistakes and 

By and by all will be ended, and we shall 
have rest in the Home Beyond. We know 
not the hcur, but sometime the summons to 
leave this earth, will come to every one of us. 
There are many things we cannot understand, 
we do not comprehend, now, but sometime 
we shall see and know. 

"WhpR weary ot waiting, when friends are untrue 
And heavy the work, which' our hands find to do, 
Hope beckons us onward, still keeping in view 
The ever-brighr, beautiful, Sometime." 

Mainland, Pa. 


The late eminent judge, Sir Allen Park, 
once said at a public meeting in London : 
"We live in the midst of blessings, till we are 
utterly insensible of their greatness, and of 
the source from which they flow. We speak 
of our civilization, our arts, our freedom, our 
laws, and forget entirely how large a share is 
is due to Christianity. Blot Christianity out 
of the pages of man's history, and what 
would his laws have been, — what his civili- 
zation? Christianity is mixed up with our 
very being and our daily life ; there is not a 
familiar object around us which does not 
wear a different aspect, because the light of 
Christian love is on it — not a law which does 
not owe its truth and gentleness to Christian- 
ity — not a custom which cannot be traced in 
all its holy, healthful parts to the Gospel." 

Our School. — We learn to prove the love 
of God in the wilderness, in a way we never 
can in Heaven. Our very need brings it out 
to us. This world is a terrible house to live 
in, but an excellent school to learn in. 

Contentment produces, in some measure, 
all those effects which the alchemist usually 
ascribes to what he calls the philosopher's 
stone; and if it does not bring riches, it does 
the same thing by banishing the desire of 
them. If it cannot remove the disquietudes 
arising from a man's mind, body or fortune, 
it makes him easy under them. 

It is sometimes difficult to determine what 
to do with the visionary and impracticable 
brother. He generally means well, but has 
such balloon methods as not to be trusted. 
The Lord's work often suffers from such, but 
where it can be done with safety, and the 
young man is not conceited, the wild plan 
may, with a little oversight, be allowed to be 
carried out, and thus show to the inventor 
how disastrous are the results of high-flying 
schemes. If a man is sent up in a balloon to 
jump down, be sure he has a parachute of 
grace, and beneath a mattress of prayer. 


LAPP— ROOT. — By the undersigned, at the residence 
of the bride's parents, Jan. 3, Oliver J. Lapp, of 
Shelby Co., and sister Nancy E. Root, of Caldwell 
Co., Mo. Zaccheus Henricks. 

PHILLIPS -FLORY.— Jan. 3, by Rev. S Fox, Bro A. 
E. Phillipps to Miss Ida B. Flory, all of Pocahontes 
Co , W. Va. I. G. Flory. 

PRINCE— BROWN. — At the home of tho bride's 
parents, near Browntville, Md , by Eld. C- W. Castle, 
Chas. H. Prince, of Louden Co., Va., and sister Mary 
Ann Brown. 

REISH— OVERLEES.— By the undersigned, near Mor- 
risonville, Christian Co., 111., Jan, 20, Mr. Joseph M. 
Reish and sister Ella Overlees. M. J. McClure. 

GARST— TAYLOR.— Jan. 1, by the undersigned, at 
the residence of the bride's parents, Mr. MelvinGaist 
and Miss Melissa Taylor, all of Atchison Co , Mo. 

J. R. Keller. 

Snowberger, Mr. Geo. Buckmaoter to sister Nannie P. 
Snowberger, of York, Neb. Lydia Clapper. 

SHAITO-DROWBOUGH— By the undersigned, at 
his residence in Cumberland Co., Pa., Jan. 8th, Mr. 
Isaac Shatto and Miss Susanna D row bough, both of 
Perry Co , Pa. B F. Nickey. 

WARNER— SHATTO.— By the undersigned, Dec. 8, 
Andrew Warner, of Mt. Holly and Maria Shatto, near 
Middlesex, Cumberland Co., Pa. David Nie>ly. 

'Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

WORKMAN— Jan. 15, in the Brush Creek church, Os- 
ceola Co., Mo , Bro. N. C. Workman, formerly from 
Norton Co., Kan. 
Our brother had been suffering for a long while, 
but bcy:e it all patiently. He leaves a wile and six chil- 
dren to mourn their loss. Katie Gripe. 

SHELLY.— In the South Keokuk chufth, Iowa, Jan. 13, 
Michael Shelly, aged 70 years and 3 days. Disease, 
cancer. Funeral by the Brethren from 2 Tira. 4: 7. 

John Funk. 

BARTHOLOW. — In Panora, Iowa (the Coon River 
church) Jan. 11, of congestion of the lungs, Bro. Mi- 
chael Bartholow, aged 69 years, 11 months and 17 

HETRIC— In the Red Bank congregation, Aimstrong 
Co., Pa., Dec 28, Bro. Andrew N. Hetric, aged 46 
years, 9 months and 22 days. 

Our departed brother was a faithful, untiring mem- 
ber of the mystical body of Christ for about 24 ytais. — 
Funeral occasion improyed by the writer. 

R T. Pollard. 

GRIEF.— fn Dallas Center church, Dallas Co., Iowa, 
Jan. 10, sister Mary Giitf, daughter of Bro. John and 
sister Louisa Weber, aged 25 years, 7 months and 25 
days. Disease, consumption. Funeral services by H. 
C. Goughnour from Job 14: 1, 2, by the writer. 

A. Julius. 

BASART— In the Dallas Center church, Dallas Co., 
Iowa, Bro. Andrew Basart, aged 83 years, 8 months 
and 18 days. 

CLINE— In Salem, Oregon, Nov. 28, Frankie Cline, 
son of William and Mary E. Cline, aged 2 months 
and 12 days. Mary E. Cline. 

MILLER.— Tn Beaver Creek, R-ckingham Co., Va., 
Annie Rebecca Miller, aged 3 yi ars, 2 months and 11 
days. Her father Mas called away 6ome two years 
ago, and a Christian mother, two sisters and thiee 
brothers are left to mourn their loss. 

Wm. M. Wine. 



The Gospel Messenger. 

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Mt. Morris, 111., 

Jan. 29, 1SS4. 

Five were baptized recently in the Middle 
Fork church, Ind. 

, CB were added by baptism to the Oak- 
land church, Darke Co., Ohio. 

Beo. D. B. Gibson reports one baptized at 
at Cerro Gordo, 111., recently. 

Bf.o. Hiram Boose, in the Yellow Creek 
congregation, Iud., was lately elected to the 

The habit of prayer and the spirit of pray- 
er are separate matters. The first is good; 
s -cond is better. That is almost Com- 

Bro. J. T. Kaler, of the Canton churcb, 
Ohio, reports a week of good meetings held 
there by Bro. Edward Loomis, of New 
a., from the«5th to the 11th inst. 

:z humble man, though surrounded with 
th r = corn end reproach of the world, is still 
in peace, for the stability of his peace rest- 
eth not upon the world, but upon God. 

Bbo. David Berxeybile, of Delta, Fulton 
0., reports two baptized and one restor- 
ed in his church. They had a series of 
. - th^re from the 5th to the 20th inst. 

est life is to be ever making sac- 

rifk hrist; the hardest life a mau can 

th, the most fall of misery, is to 

ng his own will, and seeking to 


.LIAM HoLSINGEB's name of Bose- 

, was accidentally left out of the 

list in our Almanacs. If there 

. served the same way, please 

the fact. It certainly was not 

. ■-. intentionally. 

Ho • brethren have quit the use of 

We hope that none have 

• evil. The late Kev. George 

following pertinent question: 

-. that drunkards are tobacco 

probably ninety-nine to a 

Greely would s»y, 'Show 

that don't use tobacco, and 

we will show you a white black bird.'" 

Beo. J. S. Feory requests us to state m 
this number that he will be at his home in 
Colorado by the first of February. * 

One moral or religious truth a day, thought 
over, remembered, will be a lamp to your 
feet and a light unto your path. 

Bro. C. B. Beach, of Clover Creek, Pa., re- 
ports good meetings held there, by Bro. 
James Sell, during the close of the old year. 

The home ministers about Lena, 111., com- 
menced a series of meetings to last one week, 
at the Excelsior school -house. So reports 
Bro. Allen Boyer. 

The glorious news just reached us, that 
thirty-eight came out on the Lord's side, at 
the Virginia "Mountain Normal Hall." 
Nine of the converts were students. 

Some of our Brethren must not become of- 
fended if their reports of meetings and con- 
versions do not appear in the Messenger; 
others have reported before them. 

Bro. D' S. Beplogle, of New Enterprise, 
Pa., reports good meetings held in their 
church, by Brethren Hanawalt, of Johns- 
town, Pa., and C. F. Detweiler, of Ind. 

Never insult another by harsh words when 
applied to for a favor. Kind words do not 
cost much, and yet they may carry untold 
happiness to the one to whom they are spoken- 

Bro. Stephen S. Uleey reports, two con- 
versions in the North Manchester church, 
Ind. A series of meetings was conducted by 
Bro. J. H. Wright, from the 10th to the 20th 

A series of meetings was held in the As- 
toria congregation, 111.,, at different points. 
Brethren John Harshbarger, of Girard, and 
Isaac Gibble, of Auburn, issued out the 
Bread of Life. 

We are sorry that Bro. D. L. Miller's arti- 
cle, giving a vivid description of the Den- 
mark churches, etc., has reached us too late 
for the columns of this number, but it will 
be appreciated just as well in the next. 

Bro. Peter Brower, of South English, 
Iowa, informs us that Bro. Geo. Zollars clos- I 
ed a very interesting series of meetings with j 
them, a short time ago. The members were 
edified and built up stronger in the Holy 

Bro. Frank McCune, who moved from 
Shannon, 111., to Dallas Centre, Iowa, just 
closed a series of twelve meetings, seven 
miles North-east of Panora. We are hoppy 
to hear that our dear brother is able again to 
labor in his calling. 

Bro. A. E. Troyer, of Vernon P. O. Gar- 
field Co., Wash. T. desires to know Bro. 
Lemuel Hillery's address, which, according 
to the ministerial list in our Almanac, is 
Belleville, Bepublic Co., Kan. 

Bro. F. C. Meyers, of St. Louis, Mo., re- 
minds us of an error made in No. 2, page 21, 
where it is stated that "S. C. Fickel and wife 
have returned to us again." It should have 
been "Bro. D. A. and sister S. A. FickeL" 

Bro. Albert J. Miller, reports an at 
sion of nine, by baptism during a s< 
meetings in the Goshen church, Ind... which 
closed on the 15th inst. The preaching was 
done by brethren Isaac and Isaiah Bairigh. 

Bro. John Zuck, of Clarence, Iowa, will 
not be able to fill any more appoints 
this Winter, on account of sickness in his 
family. Four of his children are down v\ itli 
scarlet fever, and the rest of the family are 
not very well. 

There have been twenty-eight youngbreth- 
ren and sisters in attendance at the Mt. Mor- 
ris College this year, and more than double 
that number of Brethren's children, but the 
attendance from the Brethren's ranks should 
be much larger. 

Bro. Lewis W. Teeter, at last accounts,, 
was holding forth the words of eters I fa' 
at the Middle Fork church, Ind. Bro. John 
Harshbarger from Girard, 111., is .booked to 
commence a series of meetings at the same 
place, commencing Feb. % 1384. 

If any of our agents have more Almanacs 
than they can dispose of, and want to 
them back and have them credited on theii 
account; or if they have no account, and 
wish to receive something else as an equiva- 
lent, they can do so. We will try and 
them out where they are wanted. 

We are sorry to inform our patrons that 
our supply of Almanacs is exhausted. It 
will not pay to issue another edition, since 
the larger part of our Brotherhood is sup- 
plied. We therefore give this notice to all 
of our readers and agents everywhere, that: 
no more orders for Almanacs need be sent in. 

The truth cannot be burned, beheaded, or 
crucified. A lie on the throne is a lie still. 
and truth iu a dungeon is truth still; an., 
lie on the throne is on the way to defeat, and 
the truth in the dungeon is on the way to 
victory. No accidents of position can ei 
the essential nature of things, or the eternal 
laws which determine their destinies. 

It is truly pleasant to hear of the many 
weekly prayer-meetings that are being insti- 
tuted in so many of out church communities 
throughout the land. But let us pray to God 
that they may not run into cold formalism. 
Let earnestuess and fervency and, above all, 
a true purpose of heart to do good, be the j 
chief motive. 

Whenever and wheresoever you once see 
church members and their friends congre- 
gate at private houses, after a series of meet- 
ings are over, engaging in seasons of true 
votion, worshiping Goi in offering son_ 
praise and fervent prayer, and loving to talk 
of the prospects of heaven; then, be assured, 
the good seed sown has fallen into j. c 
ground and is now taking root and beginning 
to grow. Such has been the result in one 
community of late, writes a brother. 



There are still some writers that forget to 
sign their full name to their productions. 
This we especially require of all. 

Special Notice. — I have just returned 
from a trip to Florida, and find this issue of 
the Messenger ready to go on the press, but 
I crowd out matter to permit me to state that 
I was from home a little over two weeks, and 
during my absence Bro. M. P. Lichty had 
charge of this department of the paper. I 
think he did his work in a very satisfactory 
manner. I now resume my work in the of- 
fice, feeling much refreshed by the trip, and 
shall tell our readers a few interesting things 
about Florida, the first letter of which will 
be found on this page.- J. H. M. 

A certain writer truthfully says, that "the 
unbeliever feels as if God were under obli- 
gations to make the way of salvation such 
that men would walk in it as a matter of 
course, without either effort or thought of 
their own; that all the means of salvation 
should not only be such that they can be us- 
ed, but that they cannot be abused; that men 
should not only be able to find the way of 
life, but absolutely unable to lose it." God 
could have ordained it so, \}\\t then he did 
not. He designed man to be a free agent. — 
Were man not a free agent, he would have 
nothing to do. 

It seems probable that Egypt will come 
under the control of England. Soudan is to 
be given up, and the difficult task of with- 
drawing the troops from that region is com- 
mitted to Gen. Gordon. In order to accom- 
plish it, he must in some way check the pro- 
gress of ElMahdi, and overcome the perils 
of marching long distances in the midst of 
tribes that will no longer respect the author- 
ity of Egypt. If he succeeds without meet- 
ing seriouR disaster, there will be little fear 
that England can hold the rest of the terri- 
tory. Her government of it will be in the 
interest of civilization. 

That was a sorrowful catastrophe which 
luvppened, of late, near Bradford, Pa. A 
crowded passenger train passed through a 
stream of oil, which had escaped from a 
' burst tank on a steep hill and coursed down 
over the snow into the bed of the track for 
fully half a mile. The fire-box of the en- 
gine set the oil afire, and instantly the train 
was enveloped in flames, and as instantly was 
there consternation, panic and a crash . with- 
in the crowded coaches, as the panes of glass 
in the windows and doors crushed in and 
the angry flames licked the interior. Wom- 
en and children were picked up by strong 
hands and bodily thrust through the crack- 
ling windows. Those who jumped out of the 
windows fared better than the few who dash- 
ed through the doors into the ocean of flames. 
Those who jumped from the windows landed 
in huge drifts of snow. Those who went 
through the doors had their hands, faces and 
clothing badly burned and singed, and some 
were so badly burned that they will die. — 
Three women were burned to death and fif- 
teen persons seriously injured by wounds 
and- burns. 

It has been well said by one of our ex- 
changes, that, if the records of crime were 
accurately kept, we doubt not it would ap- 
pear that in civilized countries intoxicating 
liquors kill more human beings than all oth- 
er cases of murder. But this method of kill- 
ing — the most cruel and the most successful 
of all — is sanctioned by law! Legislators, 
judges, juries, journalists, themselves, too, 
frequently drink, and so the evil works are 
unchanged. How long shall this state of 
things continue? Till professed Christians 
do their duty at the ballot-box as well as in 
the prayer-meeting; till they combine to- 
gether to place under the ban of outlawry 
this, the greatest scourge of our race. 

Zion's Watchman explains Eph. 4: 26 thus- 
ly: "When Paul says, 'Be ye angry, and sin 
not,' it is according to a Greek idiom, which 
we would express thus: If ye be angry, do 
not sin. Winer, the great authority on ques- 
tions of this sort, makes this an example of 
the imperative permissive — the imperative 
being injunctive only as regards the regula- 
tion of anger. We sin when our anger has 
the wrong object — when it passes the bounds 
of reason — or when it is indulged too long. 
Hence the apostle says, 'Let not the sun go 
down upon your wrath' — let it not extend be- 
yond sunset. Plutarch says it was the max- 
im of the Pythagoreans, when hurried into 
anger, to shake hands and make friends be- 
fore sunset. There is an English proverb, 
'He who goes to bed angi;y has the devil for 
a bedfellow.' Hence the apostle adds, 'Nei- 
ther give place to the devil.' " 

r— ttt — — T"Tn~T 


For more than two years I have been con- 
templating a trip to Florida and other parts 
of the Great South. For the purpose of car- 
rying out this desire I left Mt. Morris, Janu- 
ary 15fch. From Chicago I traveled over the 
Louisville, New Albany and Chicago railroad 
to Louisville, Ky. This is a fine road, and 
one of the most direct for those visiting the 
South. The accommodations are excellent, 
and the train men very accommodating. — 
From Louisville to Pensecola, Alabama, I 
passed over the Louisville & Nashville rail- 
road. This is not only one of the best 
roads in the South, but has the most ac- 
commodating class of conductors I ever 
met. It passes within nine miles of the 
Mammoth Cave, and through much of the 
finest lands of the South. Passing through 
Kentucky I saw much very desirable land, 
well watered, good soil and surrounded by 
the best of timber. It seems tome that many 
of our people ought to live here and possess 
some of the fine farms in that mild climate, 
and where so much good fruit may be grown. 
I cannot say much of Tennessee, as I passed 
through it after night. 

When I left home, the snow was more 
than one foot deep; but as I passed on, it 
gradually grew lees; till, on reaching Ala- 
bama, it had entirely disappeared, and every- 
thing looked much like Spring. Here I saw 

some of the' finest pine timber land that can 
likely be found in the South. 

I was greatly pleased with the appearance 
of much of the State, especially the parts 
some miles south of Montgomery and near a 
little town called Evergreen. At the latter 
place land may be purchased for 75 cents to 
$3.00 per acre, while the timber on it is worth 
ten times that much. Here cattle live the 
whole year without one grain of food, and 
from July till January are quite fat. If a 
colony would locate at a place like this, they 
might do an excellent thing in the way of 
raising stock in a climate of almost perpetual 
Summer. Not much fruit is raised here, 
and the land might be made reasonably fer- 
tile by properly fe;tilizing. The people liv- 
ing here have almost ruined their land by 
giving it no attention aside from the raising 
of crops. 

Many Northern men purchase large bodies: 
of land solely for the timber which they work 
into lumber. The society is none the best 
In many places the colored people outnum- 
ber the whites; yet they do not seem to be 
unruly. The water is quite good and plenti- 

It will not be long till the West will cease 
to attract emigrants; then the people in great 
bodies will commence moving south, where 
they can find cheap land, with an abundance 
of timber in a mild climate. The excessive 
cold in the North will drive thousands south. 
It is a noted fact that nearly all the success- 
ful men in the South are Northern men, who* 
have moved there since the war. The few 
drawbacks that now exist, will be readily- 
overcome when the time comes for emigra- 
tion. I would advise some of our Breth- 
ren to travel considerably in the South, and 
stay long enough at a place to fully investi- 
gate the character and possibilities of the' 
country. There need be no fear of that 
dreaded disease, the yellow fever, as it pre- 
vails mostly in cities, and then only when 
people live in constant violation of the well- 
known principles of health. 

Next week I shall say considerable con- 
cerning Florida, which, at this time, will 
doubtless prove exceedingly interesting to 
the most of our readers. Suffice it to say, 
for the present, that Florida is the land of 
almost perpetual Summer. When I left Mt. 
Morris, the ground was co\ered with snow 
and the weather very cool; but, on reaching 
Florida, I laid aside my overcoat, slipped my 
gloves into my pocket and strolled through 
the woods and sailed over beautiful lakes, 
feeling very much as though I was enjoying 
the finest of Summer weather. Part of the 
time I laid my coat aside. I traveled through 
the whole State from East to West, consid- 
erable on the St. John's Biver, and elsewhere; 
hence will be prepared to tell our readers 
many things that they are very anxious to 
hear. But more of this next week. 

J. H. M. 





Fob a. long while the Presbyterian church 

e introduction of instrumental 

music into their houses of worship. Among 

aasoua for rejecting it, we hud thefol- 

1. That the use of a musical instrument 
in public worship was at variance with the 

of the church. 

2. That it was one of the corruptions of 
the Roman church, which, with other pop- 
ish practices, was renounced at the reforma- 

3. That neither the New Testament nor 
mthentic history, contains the slightest 

trace or evidence that instruments were used 
in the worship of God, by Christ or his apos- 
tles, or at any time during the first 600 years 
of the Christian church. 

■L That instrumental music was introduc- 
ed by the Pope of Eome in the year 666, to 
attract people to the papal services, and grat- 
ify their unsatisfied taste for amusement. 

5. That under the old dispensation it was 
part of the gorgeous temple ceremonies, and 
when the symbolical ceremonies passed away, 
the instruments passed with them, and the 
simple spiritual worship of the New Testa- 
ment dispensation was inaugurated. 

6. That organs tended to repress congre- 
gational singing and contributed rather to 
the entertainment of the fashionable, than to 
the glory of God. 

7. That they pointed to the gradual grav- 
itation towards Romanism and towards the- 
atrical accompaniment in service and praise. 

8. That the Word of God was the only- 
safe guide in the matter. The example of 
Christ and his apostles were for the practice 
of vocal praise, while that of the Pope 
of Borne was the sole authority for the use of 

an s. 
i s vexed question was agitated in the 
First Presbyterian church of Dayton, Ohio, 
and finally it was agreed that a har- 
dum might be used and "only the first 
notes of a tune played on it, or if the 
r think it needful for rest and harmony, 
the last strain of a tune may be repeated - " 
It is needless to say the aboye allowance 
the way for an organ, and, remarka- 
ble to say, in August, 1876, at a time when 
was no fire in the church, and on a 
v. by some means, the organ took fire 
anything else in the house, and was 
-,y consumed, and history says the fire 
oated in the organ. Considerable dam- 
burred to the inside of the build- 
'■- fire that consumed the organ. 

To the reasons for rejecting instru- 

aic in churches, we say, amen, 

ad we hope a fire from God may con- 

ery instrument of worship that may 

ed into his house, that is an abom- 

to him. 

. age of rapid development and a 

ten'. a depart from the old paths, we 

Bdful to give the reasons why we 

should not depart from the usages of the 
church, and that the young generation into 
whoso hands the government of the church 
must soon fall, may be fortified, let the force 
of the adapting principles of the Gospel be 
vigorously maintained throughout the Gos- 
pel Messenger, the pulpit and at our homes. 
Innovations can never make much headway 
where the integrity of the church is main- 
tained by the mass of the members thereof, 
and the simplicity of the Gospel is adhered 
to, through a sense of love to God. 



It is lamentable to see so many of the 
young men of our country idle the days of 
their yoath away. How many idle their 
time away at our villages, in hotels, saloons, 
and other places. They seem to be indiffer- 
ent about the time they are foolishly throw- 
ing away, while the period for improving the 
mind, forming moral and industrious habits, 
is rapidly passing away, and the time is ap- 
proaching when they will be called upon to 
fight the battle of life in earnest. "What a 
miserable battle they will fight, too. 

Young men, stir yourselves, improve every 
moment in useful employment, either of the 
body or of the mind. By this habitual idle- 
ness, this lounging away of so many precious 
hours, you lose all desire for mental improve- 
ment, corrupt your tastes, and drive away 
every aspiration you may possess, to rise 
above the common level of mankind. "Sa- 
tan finds continually, some mischief for idle 
hands to do." And were we to number all 
the idle ones, we would find that he has a 
host of servants. Seek the paths of industry, 
shun evil and idle company, and try to ob- 
tain knowledge by reading, study and intel- 
lectual conversation. Carefully consider the 
laws of intelligent conversation. No one 
can talk intelligently, without being intelli- 

We have heard men and women repeating 
the same thing time and again, because they 
were not posted concerning the current top- 
ics of the day, hence cannot discuss their 
probable outcome with any satisfaction to 
themselves or their auditors. It is not for 
your interests alone that you should have a 
mind well stored with knowledge, but for 
your associates and the nation. A well-read 
man becomes a much better citizen than one 
who is not. True education and wisdom is 
the only plan on which the perpetuity of 
good government rests. Ignorance causes 
anarchy, while civilization secures order. 

And how is it with our young country 
readers? These long "Winter evenings be- 
hind the warm kitchen stove, with good read- 
ing matter, are better spent than carousing 
at a fan-making singing-school, at a fashion- 
able sociable, or at a counti'y hop. I would 
not have anyone think 1 disfavor singing- 
schools, for I think that good singing is a 
necessary accomplishment both in the home 
circle and religious services; yet when these 
schools are organized for the purpose of hav- 

ing somewhere to spend the evenings, we do 
not see much good derived from thern. It is 
this we do not favor. 

There is no better way of spending 
evenings than by reading and reflection. — 
By thus doing, the time glides pleasantly by, 
your mind becomes better educated, and is 
better prepared to engage in the stern reali- 
ties of life. 

"We often hear people say they cannot read 
well, cannot remember anything they read. — 
This is probably in consequence of not exer- 
cising the habit of reading, and intellectual 
faculties as frequently as you should. — 
Should you neglect the use of your limbs for 
a time, you would be surprised to find how 
inactive it had become. Your members have 
all been given you to use, and they should 
not be idle. Excess in exercise or idleness 
of any of the members is equally disastrous 
to the health of the owner. 

"What a shame it is, that so many of our 
young men grow to manhood, without quali- 
fications for the trades and professions which 
intelligence alone can fill, simply because 
they did not improve the valuable moments 
they idled away. Instead of utilizing those 
precious hours of youth, by strengthening 
the resources of the mind, they are spent in 
frivolous amusements. There are nobler la- 
bors for you to perform. 

"We would suggest that parents and sisters 
arouse their sons and brothers to a sense of 
their duty; to the importance of their work. 
Lead them not where the heel is cultir 
instead of the mind: where selfishness and 
the evil propensities are strengthened rather 
than smothered;- wasting instead of improv- 
ing the golden moments God has given to 

Others may say they have no time to read. 
Yet, no doubt, were they to exercise as much 
frugality with their time as they do 
their money, they would have time to read 
in the busiest days. Many of our most il- 
lustrious men, those who have shone the 
brightest in the literary, philanthropic, or 
political world, have made themselves such 
by improving even odd moments. It is not 
the amount we read that makes us wise, but 
it is what we remember and understand — 
One good volume, well read and digested, is 
better than ten equally good volumes, hur- 
riedly read over, and obtaining but a sur 
cal knowledge of them. 

Yet there are some who say thev have 
nothing to read. Beading is cheap and auy 
person with good health and of ordinarily 
industrious habits can obtain for himself 
enough reading matter, if properly selected, 
to employ all his spare time. 

Besides there is enough money spent use- 
lessly, b} r nearly every person in cur country 
to purchase quite a respectable library. — 
When but fifteen year's of age, I associated 
with tobacco-chewers and smokers, among 
whom was one in particular, of my age, who 
both chewed and smoked. One day he hand- 
ed me a chew, whereupon I said, "Dan, how 
much does it cost you a year for tobacco'.' — 
He answerecl, "Twenty-five cents a week." I 
replied that that would be thirteen dollars a 



year, and made him the following proposi- 
tion: I will spend my thirteen dollars for 
books or other reading matter, and you may 
spend yours for tobacco, and see which will 
be the best off at the age of sixty, should we 
live so long. 

My part of the proposition has been carri- 
ed out since then, with the exception of a few 
years past. The failure to continue so doing, 
was in consequence of«sickness; yet who will 
doubt but that I would have managed to buy 
tobacco in some way or other, had I formed 
the habit of using it. 

While I have a library worth one hundred 
and fifty dollars, the other part of the prop- 
osition has been faithfully fulfilled, and one 
hundred and sixtv-nine dollars has been 
chewed, smoked, and spit by the wayside, on 
the church or kitchen floor, on the carpet, 
door-step, or stone hearth, and nothing to 
show for it but a nervous frame. This is 
one way to get a library. 

I regret none that I have spent for read- 
ing, excepting that spent for fictitious litera- 
ture. I would advise all who read this arti- 
cle, never read anything that will not inform 
the mind, correct the head, and better the 
heart. No matter how good, or how bad you 
are, do, not risk reading a bad book, for it 
will surely work its influence into your heart. 
You would not consider a man wise that 
would carry a torch into a powder mill, mere- 
ly to satisfy his curiosity, to see whether the 
mill would blow up or not. 

The Bible furnishes the grandest variety 
of style, the most beautiful and profound 
language, and the sublimest truths of any 
work in existence. In it, you can read of the 
wicked to your profit. 

Never lose your taste for reading, but cul- 
tivate it, and when you once become accus- 
tomed to spend your odd moments by read- 
ing, you will find it as difficult to break off as 
any other habit. 

"Prefer knowledge to wrath; for the one is 
transitory, the other perpetual." — Socrates. 

"A taste for books is the pleasure and 
glory of my life. I would not exchange it 
for the glory of the Indies." — Gibbon, 

"Give a man this taste for books, and the 
means of gratifying it, and you can hardly 
fail of making a happy man. Ton place him 
in contact with the best society in every peri- 
od of history, with the wisest, the wittiest, 
the tenderest, the bravest and the purest 
characters who have adorned humanity." — 
Sir John Herschel. 

Carson, City, Mich. 



Success depends upon facilities, executors, 
and plans— all of these. Our chances to ac- 
complish a desirable end may be good; we 
may have great executive strength,— yet if 
we have wrong plans we are certain of par- 
tial, if not entire failures. Church business 
is no exception. Wrong plans there are fol- 
lowed with no less disastrous results than 
elsewhere. Indeed, in nothing should we 

exercise greater prudence than in the dispos- 
al of matters related to our eternal interests. 
In an early day the Church with its seven, 
twenty, hundred, and afterwards its thousand 
communicants, prospered by doing business 
in a manner adapted to its wants. But as 
years rolled on and the membership multi- 
plied, the plans so well adapted to the times 
and number of communicants for the first 
fifty years of the Church's existence as organ- 
ized by A. Mack became very inefficient. 
What is good government for a village of 
1,000 inhabitants, would not meet the wants 
of a city of 50,000; yet the latter and former 
are controled by precisely the same princi- 
ples. Just so in regard to the Church. 
Good plans for 1000 are very poor for 50,000. 

It is not new principles we want, but new 
methods: — methods by which old principles 
may be most successfully applied. Methods 
by which the principles applied in the be- 
ginning of our Church's history may be ap- 
plied to the modern church. The methods 
or plans for applying principles were never 
inspired, neither has it been claimed by any 
brethren, regarded as authority in church 
polity, that they were. It is the principles 
that are inspired, and not the methods of ap- 
plying them. 

While it will probably be admitted gener- 
ally that the foregoing is correct, neverthe- 
less our practice, to a certain extent, contra- 
dicts it. We seem slow to recognize the 
fact that "circumstances alter cases." A 
change in the cause must invariably be fol- 
lowed by a corresponding change in the ef- 
fect. In the year 1800 a man did a business 
of $1,000 a year. In fifty years his business 
increased to $25,000 per year. His sons 
have the business turned over to them, and 
in thirty years they do a business of $50,000 
a year. Who would suppose they employ 
the same style and number of shelves, show- 
cases, same sized, arranged and styled build- 
ing their father did when he started in busi- 
ness, or even when he turned it over to them ? 

God is the source of both reason and na- 
ture. These teach us in unmistakable terms 
to use plans adapted to our circumstances; 
and to change plans with a change of circum- 
stances. The sons who changed plans for 
conducting the business in which they were 
started had no idea, in so doing, that they 
were manifesting any disrespect to their fa- 
ther. No doubt "sweet memories of the 
past" often reminded them that if it had not 
been for him they would probably be with- 
out business or fortune. Meditating upon 
what their father had done for them, how 
could they help cherishing a fond memory 
of him. So in regard to the old fathers of 
the church. They labored hard to establish 
an organization that should keep the ordi- 
nances as they were delivered by inspiration. 
Like the apostles, though they were compar- 
atively poor, persecuted and without repute, 
they faltered not. Each year witnessed some 
progress in their work. At last their efforts 
were crowned with success. Their toil has 
not been in vain. They have left their pos- 
terity a richer inheritance than any business 
on earth, and for this may we ever remem- 

ber them with deepest gratitude. Can we 
live, or go, where "those of like precious 
faith" outnumber those of any other persua- 
sion, and enjoy their fellowship without the 
kindest feelings towards those who did so 
much to establish this holy Zion? Oh, no; 
to us their memory shall ever be sweet. 

A few dayB ago, I heard an old man, who 
has, by hard work, economy and judicious 
management, amassed great wealth, when 
asked how he would feel if those upon whom 
he bestows his wealth, would f quander it, say 
he would be most intensely grieved. But can 
we consider his great desire for the . success 
of his descendants with their earthly treas- 
ures, worthy to be compared with the desire 
of our ancient fathers for the perpetuity and 
growth of the church of God? 

God only is God. Good men are good on- 
ly so far as they bear the image of the heav- 
enly. That is the only standard by which we 
can grade men. The history of the past, so 
far as enabling me to become an acceptable 
servant of God, disciple of Jesus, stands at 
zero. Doing anything because Mack, Nead, 
Hoke, or any of the saints dead, did so, is 
sin, because what is not in faith is sin. No, 
dear reader, it matters not what our ancebtry 
(religiously speaking) were or did. God 
does not suspend our salvation upon our 
knowledge of their habits, sayings or doings. 
However good the best may have been, they 
were only human. Whatever good they had 
or learned, we may have from the same 

God is no respecter of persons. Every na- 
tion that feareth him and worketh righteous- 
ness is accepted. The Christian dispensa- 
tion is a unit. God has nowhere promised 
special blessings for special ages in the Chris- 
tian era. "Every nation" . is the only limit 
which God makes, and he who would contend 
for a smaller platform should beware of Rev. 
22: 19. 

Cumbersome, unwieldy, and unsatisfactory- 
methods of church government should not be 
perpetuated on the ground that "so did our 
religious ancestors." Therefore, we have en- 
deavored to show that God is our Law-giver, 
and to him only are we permitted to look for 
authority. Consequently, we should not 
compare methods of business with those of 
former years to ascertain their legitimacy, 
but with that infallible standard, the Word 
of God. 

If our work be done in harmony with God's 
will, then we know w r e are safe; but if done 
in harmony with the practices of our ances- 
try only, then we are safe only as their prac- 
tice harmonizes with Divine law. Then "Let 
the dead Past bury its dead," while we, with 
full purpose of heart, 

"Act, — act in the living Present! 
Heart "within and God o'eri.ead." 

Lanark, III, Jan. 3, 1884. 

Human happiness has no perfect security 
but freedom; freedom none but virtue; vutue 
none but knowledge; and neither freedom, 
virtue nor knowledge has sny vigor or im- 
mortal hope, except in the princip'es of the 
Christian faith and sanctions of religion, 




.1 news from a far 

From Gilpin, Pa. 

I .' I would try and give you a lit- 

! .arch news from Crooked Creek church, 

of the M . :. ^legations. Indiana Co., 

Bra Gr. S. Bairigh came to us on the 

nary, and preached in our new 

L36, He preached fourteen ser- 

Al though young in the minis- 

lit red himself manfully, wielding 

Sword of the Spirit with power. The 

j were well attended, and good atten- 

given. One was admitted by baptism. 

We feel much encouraged by the refreshing 

shower, and invite the brother to come again. 


From Stuart's Draft, Va. 

Wr are all in lore and union; have no ex- 
- among us. We have much minis- 
ork to do at this time. The work 
principally on two of us, Bro. J. M. 
?, ofMt. Sidney, and myself. Left home 
the 14th of December, to attend one of our 
regular appointments in Amherst county, 
about forty miles distant. After a meeting 
or two found the interest growing. We con- 
tinued one week; baptized twelve and 
reclaimed one that had strayed from the 
fold. ATe are now numbering at Orono- 
co, Amherst county, about seventy- five mem- 
bers. About two years last August, Bro. J. 
M. Cline and myself continued a meeting at 
this place about one week, and baptized sev- 
sen. From that time we have received 
about - -seven members, up to the 23rd of 
mber. The members here have con- 
to build a house to worship in, and 
hare it now under way. The members 
here seem to be alive, and are at work. I 
hope the interest will continue to grow. May 
good Lord help the cause. 

J. A. Cline. 

Oranire Culture. 

most persons, an orange grove has as- 
th it, in the aesthetic mind, trees 
h the golden fruit, and a green 
[grass, where we may lie down and 
i beauties of the scene, or per- 
chai. - the luxury and lie down in the 

03 of Paradise. Bat verily, 
setie vision vanishes on the first 
-. of an orange grove, when Ave see the 
hly turned or smoothed down with 
and it may be, the whole area of 
xled with water. But let us be- 
ginning and get a practical, real 
atter. First, the land is 
ed, then listed off 
. from the nursery, then they 
. it every three weeks the 
. 1 cultivated after every irri- 
ey are in 
six ■■■ . months, and cultivated the 

r. Afl they grow older, every 

year, they must be cultivated and irrigated 
four or five times during the year, so that 
the grove is mellow and free from weeds all 
the time. 

Lemons and limes begin to bear at four 
years from the seed; seedling oranges from 
seven to ten years, or from four to six years 
from the time set out. Budded fruit will 
bear in two to three years after setting out. 
Seedlings get larger and it is said, bear more 
prolific, and are at mature age at fifteen years, 
but continue to grow for many years. I have 
seen orange trees fifteen feet in height. — 
Oranges begin to ripen in December, and 
are mostly harvested here in the three first 
months of the year. They will hang on for 
a year after ripe, if not picked off. I have 
picked oranges this year that were ripe a 
year ago and found them good. The cost of 
an orange orchard or grove is something 
like this: For ten acres, 1080 trees; budded 
trees, 50 cents each, $540; getting the ground 
in order, planting, cultivating and irrigating 
first year, $250; two years following, $400. — 
This will be a cost of $1,190 for an orchard 
at three years old from setting; after this it 
will pay expenses until, say, six years old. — 
Add to this, irrigating the land that at this 
time will cost, to say nothing of interest and 
money invested, $2,440. Such orchards or 
groves now sell here readily at $500 per 
acre, which will be $5,000. We know or- 
chards at that age with a small house on the 
land that sold within the past few months 
for $800 per acre. Such orchards ought to 
produce from one to two thousand dollar's 
worth of fruit yearly, after six years old, and 
continue to increase as the tree3 get older. — 
One man can easily attend to such an or- 
chard, and have time to spare. 

If the same ground or part of it was culti- 
vated in raisin grapes, the income in three 
years would be considerable, and at six years 
of age an income of nearly $3,000 would be 
nothing unusual; however the expenses 
would be something more, to get the crop 
ready for market, than an orange crop. 

J. S. Flory. 
San Bernardino, Cal. 

At Home Asrain. 

At home, it is to me the greatest satisfac- 
tion I have known in several years, to be 
again where I feel at home. Since I was 
here before, I have not felt that I could be 
at home elsewhere. It is few that feel that 
they are fully at home in the country they 
live in, and there are more of that class here 
than I have known elsewhere. There is an- 
other kind of home that we ought not be so 
satisfied in, unless we can see for ourselves, 
that the laws of the order we have a home 
in, is truly such as taught by the founder of 
the order. It is sad, indeed, to see those 
claiming to be in the church of Christ, and 
yet reject the order so plainly taught by him. 
We see many who seem to be well satisfied 
with their church homes, who are not aware 
that it is their duty to be able to give a rea- 
son for their hope. Some will give as a rea- 
son for their hope, their feelings; they feel 
that they have passed from death unto life, 

yet they have not been obedient to the first 
requirement with promise; still their fee 
are positive evidence to them. It is a most 
terrible delusion to depend upon sue; 
dence, because it is no Gospel reason for 
your hope, but a tradition of men. I would 
feel that I was in a very dangerous way to 
trust such evidence. May the Lord help us 
to so live, that we can claim the hope from 
obedience to his teachings. 

I. N. C JT. 

From Timberville, Va.— Jan. 16. 

I have now fixed on the 4th of February as 
the time to start to Texas if nothing prevents 
me and I keep well. I will leave Stanton, Ya. 
at 10 o'clock P. M., and reach St. Louis the 
6th. Then I will take the Iron Mountain R.E. 
through Arkansas. I would be glad to have 
some ministering brethren to meet me in St. 
Louis, for company. We crave the prayers 
of the Brethren in my behalf. We had a few 
meetings from Bro. J. D. Trostle who is 
ing the Valley a visit before he goes to Kan- 
sas. God bless his labors and let others follow 
his good example in the cause of the Ma 
My love to all the faithful. 

Samuel H, Myebs. 

Some Difficulties. 

At the District Meeting of North-west Kan- 
sas and Colorado last October, three deacons 
were chosen to superintend the financial and 
auxiliary part of the mission service, ? 
the three ministers selected were to preach 
Jesus when and where the deacons might li- 
rect in new fields ich other place- 

would seem good to them. Calls have been 
received, money donated to pay for food a 
passage, and ministers ordered to do 

advantage sought by this meth- 
od is co-operation of all the membe . 
concentration of labor, instead of scattering 
it, The members are willing to do their 
in giving, and if the board and ev 
do their work effectually, good will be ace __- 

One difficulty is the great distance betv 
points of preaching. This is owing to the 
fact that so many members coming from 
East, seek homes away from the main 
of believers. Instead of selecting some or- 
ganized church, where their presence would 
add strength, and . members would 
strength to the newcomer, not a few - tit 
down fifteen, forty, or fifty miles from the 
main body, and the result is, the min: 
must lose days and weeks in going, coming, 
and preaching, to keep this isolated member 
alive to the church. If he does not go, then 
others will blame him. >Tow, you say, ''The 
members must do thus to get homes.' 7 Why 
should the preachers be required to make 
sacrifices, just so that other members may 
have homes'? It seems to me, that some sac- 
rifices on the part of members, even if they 
had to pay $1 per acre more for laud in a set- 
tlement of Brethren, and where their spirit- 
ual needs could be easily supplied, would be 
far wiser. Many ministers must annually 



travel with private conveyance, 1000 miles to 
feed one, two, or three members; whereas, if 
members would settle together and form a 
strong centre, then new fields could be open- 
ed to better advantage. 

In this district outside of Colorado, there 
there are three churches in Jewell, one in 
Republic, one in Russell, one in Norton and 
one in Saline. An examination of the map 
will show that outside of the first four nam- 
ed, there are many miles between the others, 
and this fact in connection with the addition- 
al fact that there are members fifteen to thir- 
ty miles out in various directions to be look- 
ed after, and you will see some of our diffi- 

Another difficulty in the way of rapid work 
is, we are poor. Nearly all the members 
came into this country without rauch gold or 
silver, and with new farms to improve, build- 
ings to erect, and other demands to meet, very 
little remains to donate as yet. Still the 
members are willing, and under the circum- 
stances, do well and are blessed. Would it 
not be the part of wisdom if some of the mon- 
ey of the General Fund of the Brotherhood 
were appropriated for North-west Kansas, 
where there is not yet one meeting-house? 
And I suggest that the district, until the 
next meeting, consider the propriety of invit- 
ing several faithful workers from the East 
to come and help us next Winter. I believe 
there are good, true, safe brethren who love 
us just that much, and would come if invited 
and aided on the way ; for a chief difficulty 
is the want of sufficient preachers. 
• And third, and by no means least, is the 
necessity of those now in the District con- 
centrating their labors. If a lasting work 
would be done, each worker must be zealous, 
earnest, active, and not go East to preach, 
where there is already an abundance. Much 
as I love to be among old friends, I do not 
feel it the part of wisdom to leave this field 
a week and go elsewhere. Nor can we ex- 
pect much aid from our Brethren East, so 
long as we act as if we were strong in num- 
bers and needed no ministerial assistance. 
L it us be prudent and act consistently, and 
not abandon a field so rich and promising. 

I have written with a view of putting us 
to thinking and praying for the best possible 
method of doing our part of the work of sal- 
vation ; for I think I love my brethren and 
sisters, and wish their salvation and eternal 
enjoyment. M. M. Eshelman. 

From York, Neu. 

We left Johnson Co., Mo., Dec. 24, for Ne- 
braska. Started from Warren sburg, Mo., at 
noon and went by way of Atchison, and from 
there on the U. P. & B. road by way of Lin- 
coln, — nrriving at York on the evening of the 
25th. Were met at the depot by cousin Albert 
Clapper .who took us to his hospitable home, 
a short distance from the depot. On the 27th 
I was taken to my uncle's, J. S. Snowberger, 
to attend the wedding of his daughter, Nannie 
The occasion was solemn as well as enjoyable- 
The family was all present, with the exception 
of two. We all felt very sorry as we had nev- 

er seen a part of the family before. I feel 
happy to say that uncle's family is seemingly 
very affectionate, which I think all Christian 
families should be. York is a pleasant little 
town of about twenty-five hundred inhabitants. 
The surroundings are pleasant; there are also 
some very beautiful farms to be seen. The 
church, here, is under the care of Elder J. S. 
Snowberger. It consists of about forty mem- 
bers, scattered over a territory of; fifty miles. 
The meetings are mostly held in school-houses. 
They greatly stand in need of a church-house 
here. Since I have been in this State, 
my mind has been pressed to run out in a 
deeper sympathy with the many isolat- 
ed Brethren that are without churches or 
even without a minister. The thought is a 
sad one, when we look at the other side of 
the many Brethren that have their thousands 
of wealth, and they do not seem to heed the 
many calls that ace made for building church- 
es; and for missionary purposes. Brethren, I 
fear sometimes, we are worshiping the 
dollar too much. Let us remember that 
the Lord loveth a cheerful giver. 


From New Enterprise, Fa, 

The Gospel Messenger has been giving 
good satisfaction as far as we can learn and 
as we are now entering upon a new year, we 
look forward to hear and learn much good 
from its pages in 188-1. When we do not get 
it for two weeks, w r e think there must be some- 
thing wrong. I like to read what the church- 
es are doing in the Brotherhood and to hear 
of the welfare of the church, and to hear that 
God is calling sinners from the error of their 
way. We also like to hear that the church 
is still holdingjo the old landmarks. May 
God ever bless you with that wisdom that 
cometh from above. D. S. Replogle. 

From Hyltoii, Ya. 

We have just closed a successful meeting. 
Bro. E. W. Dove, of Tenn., came to our place 
to conduct a series of meetings on the 5tb, 
and remained till the 20th inst. He, with the 
assistance of Bro. Jno. Wrightsman and our 
home minister, conducted about twenty- six 
meetings, most of which were held in the 
Mountain Normal Hall. During the first 
week the weather was extremely cold, so that 
the congregations were unusually small. We 
were made to feel that our meetings would not 
be very successful but as the weather mod- 
erated, the crowd increased until the hall was 
filled to its utmost capacity. And then it 
seemed as if the spirit of the Lord was mov- 
ing upon the people.. Sinners began to weep 
and saints to rejoice. Parents began to pray 
for the conversion of their children, and chil- 
dren for convercion of parents, brothers and 
sisters. O how heart-rending it was to hear 
wives pleading with husbands, daughters 
pleading with mothers and brothers to accept 
the terms of the Gospel and be saved and to 
see parents embracing their children as they 
came flocking home. During the meetings 
thirty-eight came out on the Lord's side, most 
of whom were young people. Nine were stu- 

dents of the Normal. Our congregation had 
become cold and indifferent, but this glorious 
meeting has stimulated every Avorking mem- 
ber to action, and we feel all those dark clouds 
which hung over us have vanished. Our 
Brethren here never before enjoyed such a 
meeting. Bro. Dove is surely a worker and 
one who deserves much eulogy. He came to 
show us our transgressions and to warn sin- 
ners of their danger. We feel there are many 
others almost persuaded. May God help 
them to turn to the Lord. C. D. Hylton. 


The District Meeting for the First Dis- 
trict of Virginia, will be held at the Brick 
church, Eloyd Co., Va., on the 2nd and 3rd 

of May, 1884. 

■ ♦ . 


I see it stated quite frequently that breth- 
ren or sisters are baptized ; now what I wa nt 
to know is, if they are brethren or sisters 
prior to baptism, what are they after? And 
what are they baptized for? 

M. J. McCluee. 

Explanation Wanted. 

We see a letter of Bro. Crosswhite's in the 
last week's Messenger, which made us won- 
der what the brother makes of the f olio wing- 
Scriptures : Deut. 13: 6; Matt. 10: 37-39; 
Matt. 10: 25-27; 1 Cor. 7: 15-17. We would 
be much pleased to have an answer to the 
above Scriptures. B. E. Nickey. 

From Grageville, Ashtabula Co., O. 

I live away from the Brethren, and can- 
not go to hear the true Gospel, eo it is a 
pleasure to hear from the Brethren, through 
the Messenger. We have not been to hear 
the Brethren preach for nearly a year. I 
read so much about the Brethren having se- 
ries of meetings, and I wish some of them 
would come to this place and do some preach- 
ing, I think there might be some good done. 
I would like to know if there are any other 
members living in this county, or near it.— 
If there are, I would like to hear from them, 
or have them come to see us. We will meet 
them at Kingsville, as we live about two and 
one-half miles from there. We would have 
to know beforehand, so as to be there to 
meet them. I thiuk some of the Brethren 
ought to come out here and buy homes, as 
land is good and cheap. We came here 
nearly a year ago, and bought a small lot, 
and would like if some of the Brethren would 
now settle here. Ella B. Smite. 

"As a man thinketh, so is he." Our 
thoughts are us. What we think we are. 
W'hat we learn becomes part of our minds. 
That which we rememher, who shall teach us 
to forget? Is death the everlasting sleep 
unbelievers teach? Do we, Christians, really, 
believe ourselves immortal? And if we do, 
where are the treasures we are accumulating 
to take with ns into the safety of an incor- 
ruptible world? 



From Carleton, Nob.— Jan. 14. 

>. Lemuel Hillery. of Belleville, Kansas, 
>€ to the Bethel church, January 3rd. — 
He came by private conveyance, facing a 
b wind all day. the mercury being down 
Owing to the weather still getting 
ler, there were no appointments made for 
the next day. On January 5th was our reg- 
ly council "We had quite a good, 
we trust, profitable meeting. In the 
ing our meeting was opened at the Shep- 
I school-house, and Bio. H. continued to 
rth the words of eternal life each 
evening, closing Sunday, the 13th. The meet- 
gs should have continued several days 
»er, but as Bro. H. had to go home, and 
e being no one to take his place, we had 
lose Bro. Hillery is sound in the faith 
of the Gospel, and a lover of our dear Broth- 
erhood. God bless him for his many words 
of advice and encouragement while with us. 
Jan 12th the members met in a special meet- 
ing, when Bro. E. S. Bothrock was advanced 
to the second degree, and Jas. A. Flory was 
chosen to the ministry. May God bless 
them to a fall realization of the increased 
responsibility, that is now resting upon them. 

Levi Hoffert. 

F'-oin San Bernardino. Cal.— Jan. 8. 

"We left Los Angeles the 5th inst., but be- 
fore leaving, we visited the town and settle- 
ment of Pasadena, six miles north-east of 
Los Angeles. It is called the Paradise of 
Southern California. It is deserving of 
much praise, as it is indeed a beautiful coun- 
try, and the people energetic and persevering. 
Orchards and orange groves abound, with 
scores of beautiful homes and fine buildings. 
The settlement is near the base of the mount- 
ains, and was commenced by a colony from 
Indiana, some ten years ago. A capitalist of 
Chicago has a palatial residence there, where 
he spends the Winters with his family. On 
a high hill, a company are pushing forward 
; preparatory to putting up, the present 
year, a £230,000 hotel as a resort for tourists 
and pleasure seekers. It will overlook the 
surrounding country and the ocean, over 
twenty miles away. Soon a railroad will 
Pasadena with the City of Los An- 
-.. On our way up here we passed by the 
settlement of San Gabriel where the old Mis- 
hurchofthe Franciscan Fathers is 
located. hurch is still used for wor- 

ship by the Catholics. It is built of sun-dried 
and three large bells hang under the 
old Mexican tile roof, where they have done 
duty for over a century. A number of new- 
ly laid out, and thriving settlements were 

miles to 

gladly and kindly 

I by a brother in the iiesh, and his 

en years have passed away 

is been here 

for nine years, and is well r with the 

ifcry. TJ of country is hemmed 

Ldei , aid in 

i we have yet 


-. and a - vi ells can be had 

without great expense, and flow freely. Sur- 
face water too, is plenty and good. The town 
was first laid out and settled by the Mormons, 
in 1851; a thriving town sprang up and it 
was the intention of Brigham Young to make 
this the Mormon headquarters, but the war 
with the Mormons caused Young to call in 
all his loyal people, so the place was aban- 
doned by the polygamist Mormons, and left 
to the Josephites, a number of whom are 
still here. They oppose the doctrine of plu- 
rality of wives. 

San Bernardino county is about as large 
as half the State of New York. That por- 
tion lying in the mountains embraces a rich 
mineral belt, and some rich mines are being 
worked. The valley portion of the county is 
noted for its fertile lands, many towns and 
settlements, and especially for its superior 
quality of citrous fruits. We have, in com- 
pany with our brother, visited some of the 
most extensive orange, lemon and lime groves 
surrounding the town. Finer and more de- 
licious oranges are seldom found. One we 
measured, we found to be seventeen inches 
in circumference. One old gentlemen show- 
ed us a lime tree from which he said he 
got at least 10,000 limes this year, for which 
he gets five dollars per thousand. Limes are 
more acid than lemons, and about half as 
large. The tree mentioned was ten years old. 
We noticed large sections of country that a 
few years ago were considered as worthless 
barrens, now set out in thriving orchards, 
and by the use of water made to blossom as 
the rose. 

We visited the ruins of the old mission 
house, some eight miles east of town. It 
was built by the Spanish friars, 120 years 
ago. On the same premises now stands a 
palatial farm residence, an evidence of the 
progress of the age, — from that of darkness, 
superstition, and formal worship, to that of 
light, knowledge and spiritual life in divine 
service. J. S. Flory. 

Prom Grundy Centre, la.— Jan. 21. 

We came to Eldora, on the 29th of Decem- 
ber and held thirteen meetings in all, at Mel- 
rose, in the Brethren's meeting-house. We 
never found kinder or warmer friends in our 
lives than at Melrose. They seem to be in 
love and union, and are anxious to see the 
truth prosper in their midst. The weather 
was very cold when we first came among 
them. This kept our meetings small, but our 
last meetings were well attended. We la- 
bored here to the best of our ability, and 
trust that the Lord was with us. We found 
around here many valuable acquaintances, 
not soon to be forgotten. We enjoyed many 
a precious conversation. We are now hold- 
ing a series of meetings in the Starr school- 
house, ten miles from Grundy Centre. The 
interest seems to increase. Bro. Starr says 
it is the best for two years. The house, un- 
less it storms, is packed full of attentive 
hearers. We neither preach dress, or order, 
but Jesus and him crucified. We want to 
get within, to penetrate the soul with sin-kill- 
ing truth, concerning the Crucified One, who 

came to seek the lost, and to save us from 
sin. When sin is slain, and we are -- 
from the love, power and guilt of it, it is easy 
to cease from conforming to the world. — 
Some preachers assail the outside continual- 
ly, let us seek to destroy the root of 
its leaves will wither. There are pa 
of various kinds here, but all treat us kindly. 
There are few Brethren here, but we think 
the prospects are fair for an increase. Bro. 
John Zuck is expected here on the 8th of 
February. We hope he will go to 6 
school-bouse, and water what has been sown. 
We expect to continue our meetings this 
week. We hear now and then from our fam- 
ily in Dakota. The "Winter has been cold 
there; thermometer 50° below zero. We 
thank those Brethren who remembered us in 
that new country. AVe raised no crop s last 
Summer, and when Winter came on, we hard- 
ly knew where food and coal would come 
from. But the Lord will provide. If we 
can procure seed for next Spring, we have 
land enough broken to raise us a good crop, 
with the Lord's blessing. We shall spend a 
month or so in Iowa, as the door of utterance 
is opened to us. Our address will be Grun- 
dy Centre. Bro. Snyder is getting out a 
larger edition of the Bruederbote for this 
month, for more general distribution. A 
number of copies will be sent to Germany.— 
Articles are prepared on such subjects as 
will enlighten those who are not acquainted 
withour doctrine. Brethren, will you not 
help in this good work? We could do good 
in Dakota with them. Let the truth spread. 

James Evans. 

l-roiii Lena, 111. — Jan. 17 

We have had a feast of fat things, and a 
time of refreshing from the presence of the 
Lord, while our dear brother, Solomon Buck- 
alew, sojourned among us at Waddam'e 
Grove, Hlinois. In all his fourteen able ef- 
forts in preaching the Gospel, a"nd family 
visits among us, he never get outside of the 
fourth chapter of 1st Timothy ially 

from the sixth verse to the end of the chap- 
ter. Many tears were shed by the saints, 
some for joy in having the bright prospects 
of the Kingdom of Heaven brought to view; 
others for sorrow for shortcomings in them- 
selves, and in seeing a trembling in the camp 
of the unsaved, among which w - = b me of 
their children, yet no one responding to the 
convincing appeals, and earnest invitations, 
but Felix-like said "Go thy way for this time/' 
We still hope and pray for the increase. — 
Bro. Buckalew left for Marshall county, 111., 
taking with him the good wishes and regrets 
of many, if not all. Enoch Eni. 

Chips from tlie Work-House. 

"Distributing to the necessity of tie saints, 
is as strongly commanded in Bom. 12: 1. 
is, " Given to hospitality." Given to hospi- 
tality is so largely characteristie of the Bi 

ren in the country, that when th the 

city and share the hospitality of n 
who have everything to buy and r ._ 



out of meager earnings, they are liable to for- 
get or neglect to distribute to the necessity 
of the saints who entertain them. Since la- 
boring in the city of St. Louis, where the 
present members are renters and bui few in 
number, I have been impressed with 
this as never before. In proportion to 
their ability they are as much given to 
hospitality as anywhere I have ever been. 
Some of them who could not entertain any of 
the members who came there, have wept 
over their inability to do so. St. Louis being 
on a number of main lines of travel and hav- 
ing a Brethren Church in it, will be much 
visited by members, which is all right, and 
the mf mbers there will gladly do all they can 
to ent( rta'n them when they come. We sim- 
ply wish to suggest the propriety of not ask- 
ing tt em what they will charge for entertain- 
ing us, but at once leave them enough to 
cover actual expenses, say at least 15 or 20 
cents a meal. They will no more feel like 
charging us anything then we would feel like 
charging them, if they would come to us 
and ask us that question before going away ; 
yet we know that at present they have 
enough to do with their own families. Let 
all bear in mind that the Brethren Church in 
St. Louis is yet but a mission post, needing 
help instead of taking away from it. 

Daniel Yaniman. 

From New Cumberland, Grant Co., Iiul. 

On the 9th of Dec. last, we began a series 
£>l meeting in the territory of the Summit 
Church, at a place called Sugar Grove. We 
held meetings for ten evenings. On the fourth 
evening alady and her daughter, 15 years old, 
made application to be received into the 
church. The next evening a younger daughter 
of the same family, aged only 12 years, came 
out on the Lord's tide, end the seventh even- 
ing the husband and father came out, testify- 
ing that he, too, desired to become a Christian, 
On the same evening another young lady 
of about 18 years, made the good resolve. 
Thus five in all made the good confession and 
were baptized, we trust, to walk in newness of 
life. May God bless them. I. J. Howard. 

From Astoria, Fulton Co., 111. 

Ouk meeting is over ; it closed last Sab- 
bath evening. Br'n John Harshbarger and 
Isaac Gibble were with us, the former from 
Girard, Macoupin county, and the latter from 
Auburn, Sangamon county, 111. On Sunday 
the 6th, they began preaching at our new 
meeting-house, which is named the Walnut 
meeting-house. Our meeting commenced at 
10 A. M., continued evenings, until Thursday, 
Then the brethren preached at the Astoria 
meeting-house until Sunday evening. I 
would further state that our dear Brethren 
held the Word forth with much power. The 
brethren preached to very attentive audienc- 
es, the house being generally crowded.— 
I am glad that our ministers could declare 
the Word so well, and on safe ground, for we 
have the ground, not speaking boastingly, 
but we can feel glad that we are building on 
a sure foundation. 1 Cor. 3: 11. I am 

again a recipient of the Messenger. My 
first paper in the new year was January 8th; 
the time seemed long until I received it. I 
wish success to the Messenger. 

Geo. W. Trone. 

From Hjlton, Va. 

We are in the midst of a glorious revival. 
At this writing (Jan. 16) ten have already 
made the good profession and the congre- 
gation and interest is increasing every night. 
Saints are built up and rejoicing. Sinners 
are trembling with fear. Our camp fires are 
blazing and the Brethren are feeling what 
they never felt before. Eld. F. W. Dove, of 
Tenn, is doing the preaching. We are hold- 
ing our meetings in the Mountain Normal 
Hall. We expect to continue the meetings to 
the 20th inst. C. D. Hilton. 

From Ollie, la.— Jan. 18. 

The South Iteokuk church was once more 
made glad, by the appearance of Bro. D. E. 
Brubaker, of the Indian Creek Church, la., in 
our midst, armed with the sword of the spirit 
which he wielded with power. He commenc- 
ed meetings on the evening of the 5th inst; 
and closed on the 13th. His labors were very 
much appreciated by all who had an opportu- 
nity of hearing him and the universal verdict 
was that he went away too soon, and when 
he was gone, the inquiry was, When will he 
come again? Deep interest and the best of or- 
der were characteristic features of the meet- 
ings. May our gracious Father spare him to 
come again is our earnest desire. 

John Funk. 

From the Springfield Cliuroh, Incl . 
—-Jan. 10. 

Our much esteemed Bro. Peter W. Stuck- 
man, of Nappanee, came to us and commenced 
meetings on the 16th. Eight precious 
souls came out on the Lord's side and were 
led down into the liquid stream and bap- 
tized. And had it not been that Bro. Stack- 
man's health failed, so that he had to close 
his meetings on the 16th, by the many in- 
quiries and promises that were made and the 
interest that was manifested, we feel satisfied 
that many more would have made the good 
confession. This church feels that they have 
truly feasted on the good things of the Lord. 
Why should we not administer to the poor 
minister's wants and cause his dear wife and 
children to rejoice with us, when he comes 
home, and they find that we have not forgotten 
them. This church has not suffered by eith- 
er of the digressing parties but is solid for 
the church. May the Lord's blessings re- 
main on us and you. Joserh Weaver. 

From the Log-au Church, LogauCo., Ohio. 

Bro. John Smith and Bro. Jesse Stutsman 
commenced a series of meetings in the Logan 
Church, Jan. 5 and continued until the even- 
ing of the 14th. Three damsels became 
willing to forsake the ranks of Satan, and 
unite with the people of God. They were only 

15 years of age, and had not strayed far from 
their Father's house. If only more of the 
young people could see the importance of unit- 
ing with the people of God, before their 
hearts become hard in sin! Others ha"ve al- 
most been persuaded. There is an idea 
among some members that series of meetings 
are inclined to cause excitement; but I would 
just say there was nothing of the kind at our 
meetings, but they were conducted as our reg- 
ular meetings, — "preaching the word," as the 
Apostle says. Knowing therefore the terror 
of the Lord, we persuade men, but do not exite 
them. A. Miller. 

Be Graff, Ohio. 

From Baltimore, Mel.— Jan. 20. 

We had preaching at Woodberry, Baltimore 
Co., Md., on Sunday, the 13th inst. Bro. 
Amos Caylor preached in the morning and at 
night. Bro. E. W. Stover is expected to 
preach on Feb. 10th, at Bro. Nathan Littles', 
119 North Gilmore St., Baltimore City. This 
is a branch of the Pipe Creek Church, in 
Carroll Co. We have preaching every fourth 
Sunday, morning and evening. The Pipe 
Creek Brethren expect, with our aid, to build 
us a meeting house at some future day at 
Woodberry, a short distance from the city of 
Baltimore. I am trying to do missionary 
work by distributing tracts in and about 
Baltimore. The church here is in peaco and 
union. James T. Quinlan. 

He who patiently cultivates a habit of at- 
tention to moral requirements, will find it 
less and less difficult, and more and . more 
conducive to his improvement and happi- 
ness. By helping others, you will gener- 
ally benefit yourself. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A rrligious weekly, published in the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist church, is an uncompro- 
rnisiug advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 
cient purity. 

It recognizes th° New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace of God is the only source of pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption : 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins: 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Baptism : 

That Feet- Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church : 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion With the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the clay: 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Chari- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Conformity to the world in dress, customss 
daily walk and conversation is essential to true holiness 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 
11:4, 5. 

It also advocates the scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
dieting theories and discords of modem Christendom, to 
point out giound that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
Morris, Ogle Co., 111., or Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 




iraish way book 
an the market at pu - s 1 

P'i! in Kttcts go tract on Biblo 

- -ti eta . 

iltmiKi!— Iirreluableasa'work 
ic« $ l. 75 . 

4/? limit Jesus — An interesting work for 

- : - - • 

One/i Book - ■>■ things of 

spensable Ha Jid-Book — Fwll of 
i m. Price, 2-25. 

v? K<M'fs— A four-page tract on im- 

. 5. 

£ti/e nf Home — An excellent work for 
Cloth, sl.tO. 

Drunkard's Will— A temperance leaflet 
( pies, 25cts. 

,'/<f)i and tt~omnn—k useful pbysiologi- 
rybody. Price. $1.60. 

Jlentnl SoteMCe — An excellent work for 
- E psychology. Price £1.5 J. 

Skillful Housewife — Contains important 
( loth, Tocts. 

4-ennun and Enfft ish Testaments— 

Bible Society .Edition. Price, Tocts. Heavens— By Thomas Dick. An 
Uent work on the wonders of the iirma- 


Voice of Seven Til it n fie rs — By J. L. 

Martin. An excellent work on tlie Revela- 

4)ii Trine Immersion — By Bro. Moo- 
Treats the subject in an acceptable 
= ^ner. Price, oOcts. 

4 rudeu's Concordance — A very eoin- 
; work. Price, library sheep, £2.25; 
imperial edition. s3.50. 

Iniversalism Against Ttself — By 

Hall. One of the best works against TJni- 
versalism. Price. £1.00. 

-Indent Christianity Exemplified— 

jleman. An interesting work of the 
days gone by. Price, Jz. U0. 

Reason and Revelation — PSy B. Milli- 

- i iald be in the hands of every Bi- 
_r radent. Price. §1.50. 

Children's Tracts— Something nice for 
e folks. Price. Sets each; 12 for 30 

. " . r JOcts : ICO for $1. 60. 

Bible School Echoes— By 1). F. Eby. — 
ook for Sunday-schools. Board 
25cts; per dozen, §2.50. 

[ nioH Bible Diet to a a r a— Gives an ac- 
curate account of every place and person 
toned in the Bible. Price, sl.50. 

( atnpbell and Otcen's Debate — Con- 

- a cimpl-te investigation of the evi- 
- of Lnriitianity. Price, $1.50. 

History of Danish Jlission—By M. M. 

Give? a complete account of 
and progress. Price, 20ets. 

Reference and Pronotnteiny Testa- 
ment. Invaluable to Sunday-school teach- 
er and Bibie students . Price, $1.00. 

firoicn's Pocket Concordance — This 
reliable, low-priced work, and 
vet >r reference. Price, 50cts. 

Close Communion — By Landon West. 

- is important subject in a simple 
onclusive manner. Price 4ucts. 

Emit Static Diaylott — Contains the ori- 

I ijreek text with an interlmeary word- 

-■ -r. translation. Price. ! S>4. uu. 

One. Baptism— By J. H. Moore. Proves 
■ -A trine immersion is Chris- 
Price lOcts ; l2 copies , : l 

Auhiffnie's History of the Re forma- 

-. ■■-.::■ at on tl is import- 

■ . . j ... Price, £6,00. 

The Kingdom of God— By James Evans 

U'jn of 
. . . om. Pru 3 copies 


• .-'.' Hi ■: Pur call's Debate- On 

olic religion and 

e on that subject. Price, 

The Houte ire Live in By Daniel Vani- 

e fanh 

■ i the Brethren. Price, 100 

tl tin mum's eomprehens- 

— the bebt of all the 
' i-00; same in 


g the 


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• >r-j of 
re of inter. 

History '.f Palestine— Kj Russell. Ti.i- 



//'- InnneiHion 



Biblical A ntiqu ities—liy John Nevin.— 
Gives a concise account of Kible times nd 
customs; invaluable to all students of Bible 
subjects- Price. $1.50. 

Trine Immersion Trtteed to the 
Apostles. i\v J H. "oore. An ex< 

r and logical treatise on the subject. — 
Price 15ots; B copies,. $1X0. 

The Christian System — By Alexander 
Campbell. AgoodworKpn the union of 
Christians and the restoration of primitive 
Christianity. Price $] 50. 

1'erfect Plan of Salvation; or Safe 
Ground. By J. H. Moore. Shows tl at the 
Brethren's position is infallibly safe. — 
Price. luvts; 12 copies $1.00. 

Campbellism weighed in the Balance 
and Four d VVan tins. A clear tin I I ■ Leal 
treatment of thi subject. By J . II . Moore. 
Price, 2 copies lOcts: b cpies 25cts. 

Earn ily B ible — This is a tine and very com- 
plete work. New and old version side by 
side concordance and everything usually 
found in Hibies of the kind. Price only 
i + .25. ^g*-Sent by express only. 

Sabbatism— By M. M. Eshelman. Treats 
tlie Sabbath question, showing that the 
first day of the week is the day for assem- 
bling in worship. Price lOcts; 10 conies, 

Barnes Xotes— On the New Testament.— 

11 vols : cloth IB .50 

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the set 4 50 

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set 3 00 

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Per dozen, by express 10 ou 

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post-pai d 1 20 

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No advertisement accepted for less than 1 00 

Certificates of Membership 

This is undoubtedly the most convenient 
as well as the neatest blank-book for the pur- 
pose, ever issued. Every congregation should 
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correct record of every certificate issued, on 
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lishing Co. 

Just What Yon Need! 

For the convenience of our patrons and 
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■ of paper, bound in nice pads in beauti- 
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side, at the following prices per pad of 100 


White, Superfine 30cts 

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No. 13. :■' rfine Laid 

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d quadrille Letter, superfine 


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ibi ■ 


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cents. Address Brethren's Publishing Co. 

Vouiig Disciple and Youth's Advance. 

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Price only fifty cents per annum. It is so 
cheap that it should commend it6elf to every 
family. Send for sample copies and Agents' 
outfit. Address Brethren's Publishing Co. 



These envelopes have a summary of the 
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ties where our doctrine is not known. Price, 
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Victor Liver Syrup. 

FiOEMULA of Dr. P. JD. Fahrney— tii9 grea 
Lijter and Blood Renovator and Family 
Medicine. Piice, $1.00 per bottle; sample 
bottles 25cts. Agents wanted every-where ; 
send for circulars and sell Victor Liver Syrup. 
Pain Balm, Cough Syrup, Infants' Pielief, 
Liver Pills and Liniment. Addiefs: 

P. O. Box 534. Frederick, Md. 

Some of the Many Letters Re- 
ceived hy Us. 

Lacey Springs. Rockingham Co., Va. ■ 
Dec. zi. 1833. 

Gentlemen: — The Medicine you sent us 
was duly received. There has been occasion 
to use. especially, the Health Restorer, 
Peerless Uniment. and Compound 
Syrup of li'ild Cherry. There is no 
hesitancy in acknowledging their superior 
merits, . for the purpose for which they are 
recommended. Persons to whom sample bot- 
tles of Peerless lAniment and Teeth - 
iny Syrup were given, readily attest their 

A lady who has been a great sufferer from 
Neuralgia for years pronounces Pee. 
JAniment the most complete conqueror of 
that excruciating torture, e-he ever used. In 
addition to the excellence of your Medicines 
they are exceedingly palatable. 

Yours very respectfully, 
Bev.J. \Y. Fune. 


On Monday, June 5th, 1832, the foUowicg 
schedule went into effect on the Pennsyl>ani3 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittebgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 P.M! 1 35 P.M. 

Mail 2 13 P. M 8 5(i A. M. 

Fast-Line 6 00 P. M 11 SO A. M. 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Phii'da 

Johnst n Exp'ss, 9 00 A. M 5 05 P. M. 

Day Express.... 1 25 P. M 7 35 P. M. 

Mail 3 50 P. M. H'bg., 7 30 P. M. 

Mail Express ....8 05P.M 2 55 A.M. 

J. R . WOOD, 
CHAS. E. PUGH, Gen'l Pass. Ag't. 

GenT Manager. 


The following schedule went into effect od 
the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Rail- 
way on May 27, 1883. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr. Chicago 

Day Express +7 57 A. M 

Mail Express... *1 22 P. M 8 50 A. M 

Limited Exp'ss,*8 57 P. M 30 40 A. M. 

' ;ne §11 42 P. M 6 55 P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago, (city time) for Pitts- 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chicago. Arr. Pittsb'gh. 

Day Express . . . . t8 40 A. M 6 12 A. M. 

Limited Exp'ss,*5 mi P. M 6 57 A. M. 

Mail Express. ..*5 40 P. M 12 22 P. M. 

,ine *U 30 P.M 7 57 P.M. 

*Daily. tDaily, except Sunday gDaily. 
except Saturday . 

The Brethren's Publisbirj^: 
to do first-class job printing. We can print 
anything you may want, from an enve ope to 
a largo, well-bound volume. Pa;- 
velopes, letter heads, i statements 

and business cards madi ! nd to 

us for terms before going elsewhere. Address 
Brethren's Publii 

UST NOW £&.*&£ 

toe proper time to iafoi II a^ 

tot tie wonderful virtues of tl 

their Preventive, Toni 

Theya ; d. Stomach 

Uowtrl und iiio'ar.v . 
from a Pimple to h Cane 

worker for tbeii 

Agenl < 


ren t F E E E 
■"- • . 

Chromool thtentary Plant 
this ] apcr. 

Or. Peter Fahrney, Chicago, ill. 


The following schedule went into effect on 
the Huntingdon and Broad Top Mount?.::: R. 
R. on Monday, May 14th, 18s3. , 


Mail Exp'ss STATIONS. Exp'ss Mail 

P. 51. A. M. P. St P.M 

6 05 8 35 ..Huntingdon... 5 55 32 40 

6 15 8 50 HcConnellfitown 5 40 12 SO 

6 22 8 55 Grafton 5 12 23 

8 35 9 06 ...Markle^burg .. 5 25 

6 43 S 15 . . . Coffee Run ... 5 15 

6 50 9 21 Rough and Ready 5 09 

6 57 9 28 Core 5 01 

7 00 9 38 Fisher's Summit 4 r ? 11 45 

7 10 S 41 Saxton (48 1125 

7 25 9 55 ...Eiddlesburg... 4 35 1120 

7 30 10 00 Hopewell. .. 4 29 1151 

7 40 10 10 ...Pipers Run.. 4 17 1105 

7 51 10 21 .... Tateeville.... - " 
3 02 10 30 Evsren 3 5? 

8 05 10 40 ....Mt. Dallas.... 3 55 

8 25 1100 Bedford 3 30 10 OJ 

10 CO 12 35 ..Cumberland... 155 8 45 

P. M. P. M. P. M. A. M. 

Y ALL €^.:: 




Is the Oldest, Best Constructed. 

ped and hence the Leading Railway to 
the West and North-West. 

It is the shortest and best route between 
Chiego and aii points in Northern I 
lows. Dskota, Wyoming. Nebraska, C'alifor- 
:egon, Arizona, ~ . "ado. Idaho, 

Montana, Nevada, and for Council 
Omaha, Denver; Leadville, salt Lake. San 
Francisco, Deadwood, Sioux City. Cedar Rap- 
ids. Des Moines, Columbus and al 

bg an 1 the W« 
waukee Gr?en Bay. Osh£osh, Sheboygan 
Marquette, Fond du Lac. V\"at ?rtown, H - gib- 
ton. Neenah. Menasha, St. Paul. Minneapolis. 
Huron. Volga. Fargo. Biemarfc, Winona, L^ 
Crosse. Oviatonca. and all ; 
ota, Dakota- Wisconsin and 

At Council the Bluffs Trains of the Chicago 
and North-wf stern and the D. P. J 
from and arrive at the same Cnion Dot 

At Chicago close connections are 
wifb the Lake Shore, Michigan O 
tiinore 4 Ohio. Ft- Wayne and Pei s 
and Chicago <fc Grand Trunk R'ys . at 
Kankakee and Par Handle Boo 
connection made at .luncHon P 
the only line running North-Weestrn Dining- 
Cars, Westor North-weetof . Pull- 

man Slee; ers or. all Ni - 

Insist upon Ticket Agents selling yon titk- 
ete via this road. Examine them and - 
to buy ii they do not read over the i: 
and North-western Railway. 

t^~If you wist: - ; Act 

modations, ; on v. . 

route. End will rake none other. 

All Ticket Agents sell Tickets by this line. 

w. E. siex:% 

J. D. LAYNG, Gen.Pass 

Gen. Bup"t, Chicago. 

"Set for the Defense Of the G-OSpel." Entered at the Post-Office at Mt. Morris, III 

* as Second Class Matter. 

Vol. 22, Old Series. 

Mt Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. B, 1884. No. 6. 


H. B. BRUMBAUGH, Editor. 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Eld. J. L. Berkey has been confined to 
the house, during the Winter, but is now 
able to be out again. 

Bro. F. W. Dove, of Jonesboro, Tenn., re- 
ports thirty-five additions as the result of a 
meeting held in Floyd Co., Va. 

The Brethren of the Newry church, Pa., 
commenced a series of meetings on the 20th 
of Jan. Bro. J. M. Mohler is doing the 

Bro. S. N. McCann preached at Arden- 
heirn on last Sunday, to a fair congregation. 
Bro. McC. is one among our earnest laborers 
in the good cause, and promises to be an effi- 
cient workman for the Master. 

Bro. Leatherman has brought his family 
to our city, and expects to locate with us for 
a season, and continue his studies at the 
Normal. A number more young ministers 
will find a hearty welcome among us. 

Bro. D. Emmert, who of late has been 
vacillating between Hagerstown, Md., and 
Huntingdon, called with us a few days ago. 
He is now devoting his whole time to "Or- 
phan Home work," and there is plenty of it 
to do. 

We, in company with wife and brother 
Swigart, called to see a very sick sister, on 
last Sunday afternoon. A few weeks ago, 
she called for the anointing and now is "wait- 
ing for the call. While at her bedside she 
related to us what she called a very, very, 
pleasant dream. "O," she said, "it was so 
sweet." She dreamed that she saw our late 
Bro. Zuck. "He was at the gate of heaven, 
I saw him dressed in white. He was on his 
knees, and he was preaching. I heard him 
so plain, every word. He said, 'A little more 
patience, wait a little longer, and you can 
come over. The river was between us, but I 
heard him say, 'Open the gate, open it wide.' 
1 answered, 'Yes, open it for me.'" Such was 
part of her dream, as related, and to her it 
seemed so real that it became a question with 
us whether it was all a dream. The pangs 
of death have brought her to a condition in 
which heaven becomes interesting. Her's is 
an experience beyond tears. It is looking 
through the veil to the other side. Such vis- 
its are good for the soul, and teaches us the 
value of religion in a way that we cannot 
readily otherwise learn. 

The Spring Bun congregation, Miffiin Co. 
Pa., is conducting a series of meetings, 
commenced on the 2ud of February. May 
hear from them next week. 

Supply your churches with the Brethren's 
Hymnal, only $10.00 per dozen. Quite a 
number of our churches have done it, and 
many more should do so. We have a good 
supply on hands and can fill orders prompt- 


The Brethren of the Lower Conawago Dis- 
trict, Pa., commenced a series of meetings at 
the Wolgamuth church, on the 2nd of Feb- 
ruary. Elders D. P. Say lor, and Kulp, are 
expected to do the preaching. So we are in- 
formed by Eld. John H. Raffensberger. 

Bro. Detweiler preached for the Breth- 
ren at Mauor Hill, this county, over last 
Sunday. Have not heard whether or not he 
expects to continue the meetings. The 
Brethren there are anxious to have more 
meetings, and we hope that their desires 
may be met. 

Bro. S. Burkit, of Goshen, Ind., says that 
Bro. Rairigh, of Michigan, came to them on 
the 16th of January, and preached four ser- 
mons to general acceptance. There was one 
baptism. Bro. W. B. Deeter commenced a 
series of meetings at the same place, on the 
5th of February. 

A case for real sympathy, is an old man who 
has been waiting two score years and more 
for a "convenient season." O, ye aged ones, 
why wait any longer? The convenient 
season is now. The feast has been pre- 
pared — "behold all things are ready." God 
says, "To-day," and the Good Shepherd says, 
"Come, and I will give you rest." Lose your 
farms, lose your homes, lose anything else, 
but don't lose salvation. Lands, farms, and 
all earthley possessions we can afford to lose 
because they cannot serve us long at longest, 
but our souls we cannot afford to lose, be- 
cause such a loss will be eternal. 

The Altoona, Pennsylvania, church will 
soon be completed, and is to be opened for 
the worship of God on the 17th inst. Bro. 
Quinter has been called to preach the open- 
ing sermon. We fondly hope that the build- 
ing of this house in the city may be the 
means of doing much good, and that the 
Middle District of Pennsylvania will prompt- 
ly help them to cancel the debt. A small 
amount from each church will do it, and no 
one will be the worse for it. The time has 
come, in the history of our church, that we 
must look upon building church-houses as 
an important factor in church-work, 

Among the many excellent articles in the 
North American Review for February, are 
two on the subject of heating dwelling-hous- 
es, in which the two general systems in use, 
hot air and steam, are thoroughly discussed 
and much useful information is given. Much 
of our sickness and bad heat could be traced 
to our ignorance of the subject of heating 
and ventilation. These are things that 
should be fully understood Vy every family, 
and yet it is astounding to know how little 
people generally are concerned about that 
which is so important to their happiness and 
well-being in life. 

Vice's Floral Guide.— Here it is again, 
brighter and better than ever; the cover alone, 
with its delicate tinted background and its 
dish of gracefully arranged flowers, would 
entitle it to a permanent place in every home. 
The book contains three beautiful colored 
plates, is full of illustrations, printed on the 
best of paper, and is filled with just such in- 
formation as is required by the gardener, the 
farmer, those growing plants, and every one 
needing seeds or plants. The price, only ten 
cents, can be deducted from the first order 
for goods. All parties any way interested in 
this subject should send at once to James 
Vick, Rochester, N. Y., for the Floral Guide, 

There is a great deal ■ of human kind- 
ness in the world, if people only knew how 
to utilize it. What we often do as a matter 
of kindness, often proves tp be just the re- 
verse. We do not know of any class of peo- 
ple that receive more of this misdirected 
kindness than ministers. Our Marthas are 
legions and there would be no end of the 
good they would do, if they only knew how. 
It is true, a minister who labors hard, needs, 
and is deserving of a little extra care, but it 
is not his stomach that needs it so much as 
some other parts of his body. We will not, 
in this item, pretend to tell all that would 
add to his. comfort, but will name just one 
thing, and that is, warm his bed. An unused, 
chilled bed is one of the most uncomfortable 
places you can put any one with the inten- 
tion of doing him a kindness. This is true 
in the case of a minister who has been labor- 
ing and perspiring until his pores are fully 
opened, and his body in a good condition to 
take a chill, and heavy cold. An unused bed 
is always more or less chilly, but especially 
so during the Winter and Spring. The rem- 
edy is, place in it several hot irons, or heat- 
ed bricks, a half hour or more before bed- 
time. If you have neither of them, heat a 
small billet of wood, which answers the pur- 
pose quite as well. Remember, and do this, 
and the blessings of the perishing will be 
showered richly upon you. 




approved unto God. a workman that 

med, rightly dividing the 
Word of Truth. 



My Fi - rich in houses and lands. 

He b i e wealth of vhe world in his hands; 

londs, of silver and gold, 

His 5 are full— he has riches untold. 


I'm the child oi' a king, the child of a king, 
With Jesus my Savior, I'm the child of a king. 

My Father's own Son, the Savior of men, 

wandered o'er earih as the poorest of men; 
iow he is reigning forever on high, 
I will give us a home in the sweet by-and-by. 

I once was an outcast, stranger on earth, 
A dinner by choice, an alien by birth; 

I've been adopted, my name's written clown, 
An heir to a mansion, a robe and a crown. 

A tent or a cottage, — why should I care? 

rebuilding a palace for me over there; 
ex led from home, yet still I may sing, 
All glory to God, I'm the child of a king. 
Louis. Ho. 



When we closed our last letter, it was with 
the intention of giving in this one some de- 
scription of Denmark, its size, population, re- 
ligion, etc. But believing that our readers 
would rather hear from the church and the 
mission first, we have concluded to give, in 
this letter, some account of the work of the 
Denmark Mission and of the churches here. 
This account will be faithfully given and will 
contain a statement of facts as they appear- 
ed to us and some conclusions drawn from 
personal observation made during our three- 
weeks' visit among the Danish churches. 

Our first week was spent in Copenhagen, 
where Bro. Hope has his home. Here we 
spent some time in visiting places of general 
interest, but we will leave these with a de- 
scription of the old city for another letter. 
In this city there seems to be a promising 
field opening for missionary work. Meetings 
are held in a hired hall on Sunday and 
"Wednesday evenings of each week, and the 
attendance and general interest manifested in 
the rnreaching of the Word are v.ery encour- 

There are now six members living in the city, 
Dthers seem to be impressed with the im- 
-.nce of a revival of primitive Christian- 
ity. The members living here have organiz- 
Sunday-school, and they have an attend- 
it seventy, many of them being 
children whom they Lave gathered in 
from the streets. They are certainly to be 
ided in this good work. TheSunday- 
K>1 is held in the Brethren's hall and much 
is manifested in it. 
We had the pleasure of speaking to the 
children, Bro. Hope acting as interpreter, 
a brighter lot of little ones could hardly 
I in any Sunday-school. They were 

quick to answer questions, showing that their 
teachers were not neglecting their work, 


During our stay in the city, a brother 
made application to be received into the 
church by baptism, and Sunday, Dec. 30, 
was the day appointed to perform the ordi- 
nance. Here it is not an easy matter to find 
a suitable place to baptize; for, notwithstand- 
ing the fact that there is much water here, it 
is often difficult to obtain permission to use 
it for this purpose. 

On Saturday, with Bro. Hope we went 
down to the coast to secure a place to bap- 
tize. According to law, no ono *is allowed to 
go into the water unless they go into the 
bathing-houses, of which a great number are 
built along the coast. The water along the 
shore is very shallow and the ground descends 
so gradually, that after going in 200 yards, 
the water is only two or three feet deep. The 
bath-houses are built out from the shore sev- 
eral hundred yards, to which they are con- 
nected by means of a gangway or passage. — 
The houses are built on piles driven down 
into the bed of the sea, and stand about five 
feet above the water. Steps are placed con- 
veniently, so that one can go down from the 
platform into the waters below. 

The water is as clear as crystal, and as we 
looked at it, we thought, what a nice place 
this will be in which to baptize. As the bath- 
ing season was over, Bro. Hope thought that 
there would be no objection raised to baptiz- 
ing here, and with this understanding, he 
purchased a number of tickets. On Sunday 
at four o'clock, after a meeting held at Bro. 
Hope's house, we went down to the water. — 
The sun had already gone down, and the long 
Winter twilight, so common in this latitude, 
with its soft, mellow light, was settling down 
upon land and sea. 

The sky was clear, and the stars, one by 
one, came out like diamonds in the heavens. 
It was a beautiful evening, — the closing of a 
bright day that we shall not soon forget. We 
reached the appointed place, but some objec- 
tion was now raised to performing baptism ; 
and in order to avoid difficulty and to live at 
peace with all men so far as possible, it was 
thought best to postpone it. The brother's 
heart was warm, and he was anxious to obey 
the Word, but the way to do so did not ap- 

It was now growing dark, and at seven 
o'clock the appointment for meeting at the 
hall must be filled by Bro. Hope. We went 
to the meeting-hall, and after the services, 
which were well attended, we walked several 
miles to a boat station. Here we hired a 
boat, and in the darkness of the night, we 
rowed out of the canal into the harbor, which 
was well filled with many ships, whose dark 
hulls and tall masts loomed up in the dark- 
ness like so many giants. 

We passed out of the harbor into the open 
sea and then rowed to a place toward the 
shore, where people are allowed to bathe 
from their boats. Beaching shallow water, 
Bro. Hope and the candidate got out of the 
boat down into the water, and there, all alone 
in the darkness, with the starry heavens 

above us, and the waters of the sea all around 
us, under the watchful care of our Heavenly 
Father, Bro. Johansen was baptized into 

It was a baptismal scene not soon t 
forgotten, and it made a deep impression up- 
on our minds. As we rowed back to the 
great city, we wondered how our brethren in 
America would feel to carry out the ordi- 
nance of baptism under such circuiv. 
We reached home after midnight, ha 
rowed and walked together not far from ten 

Bro. Johansen is about thirty-five years old; 
and we express the hope that he will 
useful and a faithful servant of the Master. 
He speaks German quite well, and by this 
means we were able to talk to him. Ho 
speaks the Danish, Norwegian, Swedisi. 
! Finnish tongues. He is anxious also to learn 
; the English and will take lessons from - 
! Saxild. May the Lord bless him and make 
him useful to the church. 


On Wednesday morning, Jan. 2, 1884, at 7 
o'clock, we took the train at Copenhagen, in 
company with Bro. Hope, for a visit to the 
churches in North Denmark. At Koi =or we 
left the train and took a steamboat for Ny- 
borg. From here we Crossed the Island of 
Fyen by rail, again taking the steamer at 
Middlefahrt for Fredricia, situated on the 
mainland of Denmark. From this point we 
traveled directly north, passing through 
Hjorring, whei'3 brethren Eby and Fry made 
iheir home during their sojourn here. Then 
through Sindall, where the Brethren h- 
commodious meeting-house, which Bro. Hope 
pointed out to us as we passed along on the 

We reached Fiederickshavenat one o'clock 
P. M., Jan. 3. We went to the house of Bro. 
Poulson, one of the ministers in the Freder- 
ickshaven church. His wife, formerly Chris- 
tina Fredericksen, was the first sister baptiz- 
ed in Denmark. Bro. Poulson is a ship car- 
penter. He has a pleasant little home and is 
a faithful worker in the church. 

At 3 o'clock we set out afoot in a driving 
snow-storm for a walk of five miles to the 
place wfiere a meeting had been appointed. — 
The walk was a long and tiresome one, but 
Bro. Hope encouraged us by saying that he 
had many times walked ten and twelve miles 
through much deeper snow to attend i 
ing. The meeting was held in a school-i: 
in the village of Strandby. This is a s 
fishing town on the coast, four miles north- 
east of Frederiekshaven. The house was 
well filled with the simple fishermen and 
their wives. 

It was, to us, a remarkable audience. The 
hardy fishermen, with their bronzed and 
weather-beaten faces, and the women, in their 
simple costume, gave the most marked atten- 
tion to the words of the speaker. We could 
not help but contrast their conduct during 
the services with that of some of the audi- 
ences we have seen in America, the difference 
being largely in favor of the fishermen of 

After meeting we were comfortabl j 



in the home of friend Otto Jensen, about two 
miles from the school-house. Friend Jensen 
has a large farm and a pleasant home. Here 
we had an opportunity to learn something of 
farm life in Denmark. The next morning we 
took a post wagon for a drive of ten miles to 
Aalbak. From this place we walked two 
miles to the home of Bro. Sorensen. We 
were now well up towards the northern point 
of Denmark, and standing on a little sand 
hill, we could see, by looking west, the wa- 
ters of the North Sea, while to the east could 
be seen and heard the waves of the Cattegat. 

Bro. Sorensen is a minister in the second 
degree and is said to he a good speaker. He 
is a farmer and is married to a sister of our 
sister Saxild. Here a meeting and Love- 
feast were held in the brother's house. The 
number in attendance was small, but we felt 
that the words of the Master were verified, 
and that He meets with His people, even if 
the number be but few. 

The Love-feast was held just as we hold 
them in America. The single mode of Feet- 
washing was practiced. Indeed, it would 
have been impossible to fulfill the Lord's 
command on this occasion by the double 
mode, as only two sisters were present. As 
we sat around the Lord's table in this hum- 
ble home and saw the earnest feeling of theBe 
people and how they listened with streaming 
eyes to the account of the death and suffer- 
ing of our Savior, the Avords of the Apostle 
Peter came to our minds, "Of a truth, God is 
no respecter of persons. Bat in every na- 
tion, he that feareth him and worketh right- 
eousness is accepted with him." 

We enjoyed this Love-feast very much.— 
For some months we had not had the privi- 
lege of meeting with our brethren and sis- 
ters in worship, and it seemed good to once 
more unite with those of like precious faith. 
We left the home of Bro. Sorensen on the 
morning of the 5th for Frederickshaven, Bro. 
Sorensen accompanying us. We reached 
Bro. Poulson's in time for the evening meet- 
ing appointed at his house. 

The room was filled with anxious and earn- 
est listeners. Indeed, everywhere the peo- 
ple pay the most marked attention to the 
preaching of Bro. Hope. Saturday night we 
spent with Bro. Poulson. He speaks a few 
words of English, and by mixing English, 
German and Danish together, catching a 
word here and there and guessing part of the 
time at his meaning, we carried on some con- 
versation with him. 

On Sunday morning we left Bro. Poulson's 
home for Sindal, where a meeting was ap- 
pointed at one o'clock in the Brethren's 
meeting-house, Bro. Poulson and his wife go- 
ing with us. At Sindal we met about forty 
members, representing the Frederickshaven 
and Hjorring congregations. Bro. Neiison 
is the Elder in charge of the Fredericksha- 
ven church. He is about sixty years old and 
he reminded us somewhat of Bro. John For- 
ney, of Kansas. Bro. Eskiisen has charge 
of the Hjorring church. He is forty-three 
years old, rather tall, with black hair, which 
has turned quite gray. 

At the meeting both of the Elders preach- 

ed. Of course, we could not understand their 
words, but judging from the efivcfc produced 
upon the audience by their talk and the im- 
pressive manner of both, "we should judge 
them to be very effective speakers. After the 
services were concluded and the mesting dis- 
missed, the members were called together in 
church council. At this council it was unan- 
imously voted to send a greeting and many 
thanks to^he church in America for their 
kindness and love manifested to the church 
in Denmark, and also to send the assurance 
that the church in Denmark desires to stand 
firmly upon the principles of primitive Chris- 
tianity, upon which they were organized. 

It was noticeable that in the transaction of 
this church work, every member voted. There 
were no neutrals. Often in our council-meet- 
ings at home, members sit still, taking no 
part in the work of the church. They seem 
not only to be neutral, but is there not also 
danger of their becoming drones? Perhaps 
the church in Denmark may teach us our du- 
ty, at least, in this respect. 

The meeting-house has been fully describ- 
ed in our papers. It is plainly and substan- 
tially built, by the side of a fine stream of 
water, to which the Brethren own the right. 
It cost .^1507.15, and it seemed to xxs that it 
was done very cheaply. In America, the 
same kind of a house would have cost much 
more money. The walls are built of brick, 
and are thick and strong. It is called "The 
Brethren's Home," and it is really a home to 

After the business of the council was con- 
cluded, they remained together till long after 
night, singing and praying. At 7 o'clock, 
they all departed, Bro. Sorensen to walk to 
his home ten miles away and another brother 
and sister who had eight miles to walk before 
reaching their home. If the brethren and 
sisters in America who so liberally donated 
the money to build this meeting-house in 
Denmark, could have been with us at this 
meeting, we feel sure that they would have 
all felt more than repaid for the sacrifice they 
made in giving the money. 

We slept in the meeting-house during the 
night, and left Sindal early Monday morning 
to go to the church in Thyland. In order to 
reach there, we had to travel south to Lan- 
gaa, and then north-west, until we reached 
the north-west coast of Denmark. We ar- 
rived at the station at about 11 o'clock at 
night, and then v walked two miles to Bro. Ole 
son's, where we staid all night. A meeting 
was appointed for the next day at 9 o'clock. 
Here we found the same feeling manifested 
as at other places visited. 

The church here also voted with great una- 
nimity to assent to the action of the church- 
es at Sindal and Frederickshaven. At two 
o'clock we left Bro. Oleson's house for the de- 
pot, a number of the members, both breth- 
ren and sisters, walking with us the entire 
distance. Bro. Olesonis a deacon. He owns 
a few acres of land and did own five cows, 
but he sold one of his cows and put the 
money into the church treasury to assist the 
poor members. 

He owns no horses, but plows his few acres 

by yoking his cows to his plow. When we 
think of this act of benevolence on the part 
of this poor brother, it seems wonderful. If 
we, in America, should imitate his example, 
what an amount of money could be raised to 
spread the Gospel ! The members are gener- 
ally poor and those who are considered well- 
to-do here would be thought iu poor circum- 
stances in America. But those who have 
more than they need for themselves are lib- 
eral in giving to keep the poor. 

They live very economically, using the 
black rye bread. Some of our members in 
America spend as much in getting up a sin- 
gle dinner, as would keep a family of the 
same size here in Denmark for an entire 
week. Those who have not visited their 
homes can scarcely realize how saving they 
must be to make both ends meet. 

The Brethren have purchased a nice build- 
ing lot near the railroad station, upon which, 
at some time in the future, they hope to build 
a meeting-house. It is 80x128 fc et, and cost 
§237.74 It will, no doubt, become a valua- 
ble piece of ground, as the little town of Hor- 
dum, a new railroad station, promises to be- 
come a prominent landing-place. We left 
Thyland at 3 o'clock P. M., and reached Co- 
penhagen the next day at 11 A. M., well 
pleased with our visit to the churches of 
North Denmark. D. L. Miller. 

Copenhagen, Jan. 10, 188 i. 


II. H. Miller, 

Dear Brother: — 

In your interesting article on "Re- 
baptizing," in No. 50, G. M., appears the fol- 

"And farther, the Scriptures te;ich, and we hold, bap- 
tism as a condition of pardon. The question then forces 
itself upon us, whether this man's s ns were pardoned 
when he was baptized ten years ago, believing m war, 
s cret societies, and all the worldly customs around him, 
even to wearing gold, peail, etc. At that time he re- 
jected Feet-washing, as Peter did. He al-o rejected tue 
Loid's Supper and the Holy Kiss as non-essential. Were 
his sins pardoned when he received hi- baptism?" 

If we are met by one who holds that per- 
sons who were not baptized into the full 
faith, but by the usual mode, should be re- 
ceived without rebaptism, into the church; 
and the argument thaUfeter was baptized be- 
fore he threatened to defend hi- Lord by vio- 
lence, rejected feet- washing as presented by 
his Master, and drew the sword of violence 
in his Master's defence, is forced upon us, can 
we show that Peter was rebaptizecl? or how 
he was forgiven the lack of proper faith, 
which he exhibited in his Master's request? 
If you have a clear exposition of this situa- 
tion, I should be pleased to hear from you 
through the Messenger. In love, 

John B. Fluck. 


Dear Brother : — 

Your letter brings forward an argu- 
ment from the change made in the mind of 
Peter, when he was made to accept the ordi- 
nance of Feet- washing, and the peace princi- 
ples taught by our Savior. To understand 
what there is in the argument, we are requir- 
ed to give some attention to three distinct 
points: First, the principle on which the ar- 
gument is founded. Second, the conditions 



risra. Third, the conditions 
a after baptism. 

• fying this argu- 

- .■hii-ii many have stuin- 

• : )in of Christ was 

E of John the Baptist; 

ginning of Christ's ministry; 

still ath of Christ. And 

e p] iced it at the ascension of Christ, 

while ig up of the king- 

■ of Pentecost. 

the essentials of 
tity, in the things revealed, at their 
?: setting up the kingdom. — 
jarently ignore the fact that the rev- 
Lon of God's plan of salvation was a grad- 
ual work, its history reaching from Genesis 
relation. In the beginning, the patri- 
archs, whose religion had few tenets and 
.-. were saved by it, as certainly as the 
s in any other dispensation. The Mo- 
- ensation had much more of God's 
law revealed in its types and shadows. The 
who, by faith and obedience, accept- 
tll God revealed to him, was pardoned and 
i-that law. 
Following the Mosaic lav,, comes John the 
Lst, bringing more light, preaching the 
baptism of repentance for the remission of 
The Israelite, who by faith accepted 
the preaching and baptism of John, was par- 
doned, or saved. He could not then ignore 
his obligation and heritage in the Mosaic 
law, but must hold the ministry of John an 
addition to it. 

Next, followed the ministry of Christ and 
his apostles, to complete the plan of salva- 
tion, bringing the light of immortality in all 
illness. The special ministry of Christ 
reaches from John to the memorable Pente- 
when, in one day, three thousand were 
added to the church by baptism. Those who 
accepted by faith and baptism the preaching 
-e apostles concerning Jesus, were par--- 
doned and saved; 

From that time onward, the special minis- 
- 1 the apostles by the Holy Spirit, reach- 
es the end of revelations. Many truths are 
led through the apostles, — the bringing 
in of the Gentiles, how the church is to be 
nized, what officers it must have, how 
. and how chosen, and what their quali- 
ion, the salutation of the Holy Kiss, 
ss- of dress, how the church should 
poor, and help the ministry in 
ng the Gospel. 

important truths were given 
them, even the setting aside the Jew- 
ish law had to be learned in the development 
3 truth. We see, in the 21st chapter 
of Acts, that Paul, a quarter of a century aft- 
er P t, offered sacrifice under the law, 
did it by the council of the Apostle 
vl the elders. But we learn from 
ard, that the Jewish 
all abolished and Christ is our 
for f-in. 

to the Mosaic law, to see if thore 

man be found who was pardoned or 

eted a part of the law. — 

Apostle says: 

is guilty of 

the whole." Look, too, at the ministry of 
John and there is no intimation that even 
one man who rejected what John preached or 
any duty revealed in God's law, was ever sav- 
ed or pardoned. 

Neither under the ministry of Christ was 
there any man pardoned or saved while he 
rejected a part of the Master's teaching. — 
The same is true of the apostolic preaching. 
Everywhere the truth of God, "Whosoever 
heareth these sayings of mine and doeth 
them not, is like unto a man that built upon 
the sand," stands against any man who re- 
jects even apart of the counsel of God. 

The baptism of Peter, under the ministry 
of John, was valid ; becau a e John was author- 
ized by the command of God to baptize, and 
Peter accepted fully ail the truth which John 
preached to him; some things in this case are 
settled beyond all doubt. First, the admin- 
istrator had authority from God's Word. — 
Second, Peter, the subject, did not reject a 
single truth or duty taught of God. If we 
build on these truths, we are infallibly safe. 

Peter did not believe in feet-washing, the 
Lord's Supper, nor the peace princijjles of 
the Gospel, at the time of his baptism, be- 
cause he was baptized before they were re- 
vealed to him. 

Here comes in that which this argument 
was aimed to prove, and we consider it one 
of the most dangerous errors in principle, — 
that is, to have men pardoned and saved, 
while they reject a part of the Gospel, — be- 
lieve a part, obey a part, reject a part. Par- 
tial conversion, — part for the flesh, part for 
the Spirit; part for the church, part for the 
world, makes a wide gate and many go in 

But the case of Peter proves just the re- 
verse of such argument. Peter believed all 
that John preached, all that God had reveal- 
ed, rejecting nothing at the time of his bap- 
tism. So must a man now believe all God 
teaches, rejecting nothing at the time of his 
baptism. This case of feet-washing proves 
that, if it has any bearing on the subject at 

Another point in this case, which shows 
that we are right, is this: After Peter had 
been baptized and pardoned, Jesus presented 
to him the ordinance of feet-washing, and he 
would not accept it. Bat the Savior let him 
know he would reject him if he rejected the 
ordinance. If Jesus would not accept and 
fellowship a disciple who rejected £eet-v 
ing, when it was revealed to him as a duty, 
how can he now accept and fellowship and 
pardon a man in his baptism who rejects the 
same ordinance? 

We admit the case of Peter's rejectiug 
feet-washing and defending his Master by an argument against our 
position, if these things had been taught be- 
fore his baptism.. But Peter's not believing 
in them at his baptism before he heard of 
them, could not be like the man, or an excuse 
for the man who would not believe in them 
after he did hear of them. 

If we take this argument, founded ou the 
baptism of John, and admit men into the 
church by baptism who believe only what 

John preached; rejecting all that was * 

by Christ and his ?■; 

istry, we are building a church void of ' ' , 

and the Holy Spirit, as well as their 


We were once on a com-'. 
brother was charged with rec 
church some young ladies, telling t; 
they believed that Jesus Christ was 
of God, they should come ami 
and he would teach them the other G - 
duties afterward. But tl 
would not accept the teaching e, . J. an 

were expelled. That way of taking th 
to the church on trial, is gener: 
| because it is unscriptural. 

In our age, there is great effort 
get men into the church, be] 
doing less. The Gosp-i wants men t 
ly converted to its truths till Ch 
all, his word above all, the Holy 
er and teaching, all in the heart by fa: 
prepare men for baptism and for * 
tian life afterward. Not the preach:. 
John only, nor any other partial fa::- i 
work. From this partial work have com 
of our troubles in the church. Ou: 
remedy is a whole a thorough 

version to all the Gospel teac 

It is not necessary now to say much c 
second point raised in this argument: 
is, the conditions of pardon in 1 

every age and under ev . . 
man who accepts the truth fi 1, t 

faith and obedience, is pardoned ■ 
This was true under the Mosaic law. I 
true under the preaching of John. The me 
who accepted what he preac 
baptism, was pardoned So is : 
the preaching of Christ and . 
man who accepts by faith am. 
Gospel which they preached, is - 
pardoned; that in ever' . 
faith is a condition, because without t 
is impossible to please Goo 
faith; — a part of the Gosp- 
ed, partly believed and part. : 

the Gospel system of pardc:. 'ation. 

The third question raised in your 1 
concerning the conditions of 
baptism. These are clearly 
ure to be repeni-ance andp: 
tism. A remarkable c> 
corded in the Sth chapter of A :: 

ing Simon, the sorcerei. .-. 
and was baptized, he sinned in 
ey to purchase the power of givi: _ 
Spirit to those on whom he would . 
The apostle told him to "repen 
wickedness, and pray God if 
thought of thy heart be forgiven 

Here the conditions of par 
given to one who has been bar 
ing to the Gospel order. S 3 when 
wrong in defending his Lord by 
in rejecting feet-washing, a re] 
changed his life and a prayer that mf. 
confession were the conditions of hi 
But. there was another wrc: 
worthy of note here. He c 
but he repented and was 

Now, if we can rake a ma .. ._. : . '-. 



:>y a baptism received when he rejects feet- 
vashing and denies the peace principles of 
i Savior, can we not take one in the same 
y and upon the same principle who denies 
lis Lord as Peter did? 

If a man can now receive a valid baptism 

) vhile rejecting feet-washing and the peace 

ii irinciples of the Gospel, because Peter did 

hat af ter his baptism, and was pardoned, 

jinay he not also receive a valid baptism while 

lenying his Lord, because Peter did that too 

iter his baptism and was pardoned? 

We conclude this lengthy answer with the 
ingle apology that it is an important subject, 
prung upon the church at this time by cir- 
umstances; some wanting the church to rec- 
ognize the baptism of those factions who 
lave gone out from us, and of other church- 
s who differ with us in faith, yet will prac- 
ice trine immersion. B. II. Miller. 



This is a subject of more than ordinary 
nportance to the church, and one upon 
hum the mind of every member who is con- 
cerned about the government of the church, 

more or less exercised; — a question in 
hich too much is involved to decide precip- 
.ately, and to act rashly. 
As was reasonable to expect, different views 
ave obtained, so widely different in their 
inge as to reach opposite extremes; and I 
m sorry to'say that in some cases, couclu- 
ions have been formed without ever having 
en the revised copy. The different decis- 
>ns, as they have come to our notice, may be 
msidered under the following classes: 
First. Let all the Minutes, original and 
vised, be destroyed, and begin anew; but 
mtiaue the church, the District, and Annu- 

Oouncila, and adjust all questions as they 
iay be presented respectively. 
Second. That we have no use for anything 
scepl the Bible to assist us in the govern- 
tent of the church, and preserving the uni- 
7 of the Spirit. 

Third. That some Districts which have 
iken action with reference to the disposition 

the revised work, decide approvingly of 
le work in the main, but reject the whole 
ecause the mandatory rule is retained. 
Fourth. That it must be rejected because 

has been too much condensed and that the 

mguage of the fathers and custodians of 

re church has not been retained. 

Fifth. That amendments to any of the de- 

sions ought not to be entertained, because 

the Committee, in their united judgment, 
louid have failed to make a wise and pru- 
ent decision, it is not likely that individu- 
1s would be more successful. 

In answer to the first proposition, I would 
eg leave to say, that to do this would be to 
Dse the benefit of great and pious minds, in 
he decision of important questions, involv- 
pg the doctrine and practice of Bible Chris- 
ianity, as well as much good and wholesome 
idvice on questions of Christian morality 
id expe diency, and in my judgment, would 


lessen our chances for keeping the church 
united, and would greatly encourage the ad- 
vancement of liberal ideas — as Newton ex- 
presses it — or, as we would say, Congrega- 
tionalism; yea, more: independence, or indi- 
vidualism, considering the multiplied num- 
ber of minds, compared with the earlier his- 
tory of the church. 

In answer to the second: Experience and 
observation have fixed upon my mind the 
following conclusions, wit: 

That there is in our Brotherhood an ele- 
ment that would get along pleasantly and 
harmoniously without anything else as a bond 
of union but the Bible. But I am equally as 
well satisfied, by my experience in church 
work, that there is another element that can- 
not be controlled, but by decision of council, 
and further, it is well known that there has 
been, and may still be, an element in some lo- 
calities that would be disposed to lord it over 
God's heritage, but for the protection thrown 
around them by councils of the united Broth- 
erhood; and certainly, to have these counsels 
formulated as a hand-book for reference, will 
greatly facilitate the adjustment of cases in 
their varied forms,- as they have occurred 
from time to time, and are likely to occur 

Third: To condemn the whole work be- 
cause of one objectional clause, appears to 
me to be unreasonable. Why not rather 
choose and accept the good, and refuse and 
reject the evil? Let us rather preserve what 
is good and useful in any principle, whatever 
it may be, and guard against the abuses. I 
expect to have something to say in the future 
upon the mandatory and other questions, — 
more than can be admitted within the limits 
of this communication. 

Fourth: As respects the condensation of 
the work, I do not think that in the revision, 
the Committe have transcended the limits of 
their duty in carrying out their instructions, 
to revise, expunge and combine the Minutes 
of Annual Meeting, according to their nature 
and character. 

As the Committee understood it, their du- 
ty was to transpose the Minutes, so as to car- 
ry forward tiie principle contained in the 
original in a combined and condensed form, 
so as to make it more convenient as a book 
of reference in church work. This, I think, 
has been done as nearly as it would be likely 
to be done in any other effort that might be 
made; and where it is supposed that any 
amendments can be made, it is the privilege 
of all to offer such amendments as they may 
think proper, and let it be decided as may be 
thought best; and may none of us be too te- 
nacious for our own opinions. „ 

As to carrying forward the language of 
those who are gone before us, it appears to 
me that if we have the principles enunciated 
by them, it is ail we need. It may be that 
the names being perpetuated would have 
been desirable by some, but I think that. if 
pur names are written in heaven, we might 
be fully satisfied. 

Fifth: It is true that "in the multitude of 
counsel there is safety," and that where a 
number of cultivated minds, men of experi- 

ence, are united together in the disposition of 
any question, a wise solution is more likely 
to result. Yet there is nothing so perfecf 
but that, in the course of time, circumstances 
may occur that will clearly indicate the pro- 
priety of amendment. 

- Circumstances have occurred in niy church 
work since our last Annual Meeting, that 
have made this fact very apparent to me, 
with reference to a few of the Minutes as 
they now stand, and upon which I hope to re- 
ceive amendments. 


Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 18. — Lemuel 
Thomas, of Jenkintown, a suburb of this 
city, on Monday evening gave a banquet to 
twelve friends. After they had been seated 
a short time, one of the men said that the 
re-union, on account of there beiug thirteen 
present, was suggestive of the last supper.— 
This was received with yells of delight, and 
Thomas presently proclaimed that he was the 
Savior, and- charged one of the roysterers 
with being Judas Iscariot. 

It is claimed that he next broke some bread 
in pieces and distributed it, with glasses of 
beer, among the guests in mockery of the 
last sacrament. In the midst of the feast, 
while the thirteen men were eating, drinking 
and shouting, Thomas uttered a terrible oath 
and made use of some blasphemous expres- 
sions that shocked even his comrades. Tney 
all started up with amazement at his words, 
when he suddenly grew pale, and putting his 
hands to his head, complained of pain. It 
was not until 11 o'clock that this occurivd, 
and the supper had opened shortly after 

"I'm afraid it's my last supper, after all," 
the miserable man moaned; then clutching 
his hair and rising with difficulty, he an- 
nounced to the rest: "I must vacate the chair, 
boys; you must get some other President. — 
I'm going home/' 

They all tried to dissuade him, saying that 
he would be be'ter presently, but he persist- 
ed and .left the room. When Thomas reach- 
ed his house, he said that he felt as if he had 
been struck a violent blow on the head. He 
complained of being weak and feeling as if 
on the verge of the grave. He lingered on, 
his relatives fancying that his sickness was 

A few mornings offer the feast, he was 
found dead in his bed. A horrible smile 
played over his features, and his eyes were 
starting out of their sockets. "As if," said a 
woman relative, in describing it afterward, 
"he had seen something awful, and died while 
staring at it." 

Mi | |i"> II H~P II lf|— III 


The Brethren of the Cerro Gordo church 
have selected Andrew Shively, J. K. Shive- 
ly and the writer to collect missionary funds 
to assist weak churches in having the Gospel 
preached. This is for the Southern District 
of Illinois. Any calls should be addressed 
to the writer at Cerro Gordo, Piatt Co., 111. 

E, W. Hufford. 





Whether our Savior was born in the Win- 
ter season or not. makes no material differ- 
v so he has been born within us "the 
hope of glory," hut that we do not jump at 
slusions too hastily in legard to the his- 
torical account of his birth and that it could 
have been in the Winter season, we pre- 
sent a few thoughts. As to the shepherds 
being in the fields at night in Winter, there 
is 10 mystery about that, to my mind, since 
I have visited this climate, so much like that 
of Palestine. Here the pasture season is in 
the Winter, and now it is that stock are out 
grazing. Mangers are empty at night, but 
in the drouth of Summer the mangers are 
occupied by stock, as that is the season to 
feed forage to stock. A country where or- 
~. figs, olives, pomegranates, etc., grow 
as they did in Palestine, is not a cold, freez- 
ing country. Here people call it cold, have 
fire, and wear overcoats when the tempera- 
ture is five to ten degrees above freezing. — 
This is owing to the fact that they are more 
sensitive to cold weather than we who live in 
a colder climate. I see no reason why Christ 
may not have been born in December. 



As I have noticed this with other kindred 
words in the G. M., I wish to drop a few 
thoughts on the subject, as applied to relig- 
ion, and in doing so, will try and keep in view 
the liberty sanctioned in the law of the Lord, 
'Where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is 
liberty." 2 Cor. 3: 17. 

We are informed that in 1708 the founders 
of our fraternity, separated themselves from 
the different sects, because they desired to 
live a religious life, in harmony with the in- 
spired Word of God, keeping and observing 
the precepts and commands of the Lord as 
handed down to them by those that heard 
him. In doing this, they established the 
"Brethren or German Baptist" church. — 
our brethren have not been labor- 
ith, or communing with other sects, nor 
holding or saluting them as brethren, who 
annul and discourage the observance of some 
of the self-denying doctrines of Christ. And 
our Brethren have always so decided in our 
annual councils to avoid those who do not 
believe and practice the plain commands of 
• d thereof, following the vain 
world, taking part in worldly 
arnu- -. in which sinners find so much 

and at plac-s where the humble fol- 
jus would make quite a contrast, 
•lain teachings of the 
an be in Christ, he is 
ve pabsed away," 
id, "If we or an preach any 

tc., let him be accursed," and 
>t this doctrine," we 
Go Bpeed, but "Be ye 
.. the Lord," and have "no fellow- 

ship with the unfruitful works of darkness," 
but rather reprove them. 

Yet, in the face of these Gospel truths, we 
are invited to go in and aid other sects or or- 
ders in their worship, and have them aid us 
in our religious services, when we know they 
have never been baptized, and may not be- 
lieve in b iptism at all, neither keep the ordi- 
nances of God's house, as taught by the Lord 
Jesus and his holy apostles, and when we 
know that pride and vanity are fostered by 
them, indulging in the superfluities of the 
world, certainly such who commingle and 
assist in the regular services of such orders 
as described, cannot see afar off and are in 
great danger of being carried into the popu- 
lar current of the world, and finally, as nu- 
merous examples prove, will be carried out 
of the church. 

This spirit of liberalism has grown so 
strong in some who were at one time dear 
brethren in the Lord, that they have permit- 
ted themselves to be separated from the 
church, "the ground and pillar of the truth," 
and now have become so liberal that not only 
other sects can be fellowshiped as brethren, 
but all those expelled from the church for 
disobedience, pride, dishonesty, raidng, etc., 
can be united under the phrase "socially and 
religiously," and thus continue together as 

It may be consoling to thus find at last a 
home, but it certainly is a pity that the Breth- 
ren church should be so disturbed by their 
efforts to carry others with them in their no- 
tions of more liberty — do about as you please. 

Then, too, there is quite a dogmatic spirit 
evinced in connection with this spirit of lib- 
eralism, as those who greatly prefer avoiding 
the exercise thereof, beyond the usages o£ 
the church, and the tenor of the Gospel, must 
be branded as selfish, unchristian, uncourte- 
ous, narrow-minded, etc. 

These epithets are quite bearable when 
they come from the world ; as we do not be- 
long to the world, we do not expect them to 
love us very strong; but when they are en- 
tertained and intimated in a direct or round 
about way by those o£ our brethren, or those 
who once were, it falls harshly on our ear, 
and calls forth a sigh for relief. 

Then, too, we may get the idea that to be 
sociable and courteous, we should go in and 
take part and assist other denominations in 
their public worship, and have them do the 
same with us. This rule will apply to Cath- 
olic, Mormon and every other sect of the nu- 
merous and still multiplying factions of more 
religious liberty. 

This was clearly shown at Ashland, Ohio, 
and also at the recent Dayton convention, by 
those who would desire to coumerfeit the 
Brethren church, but this cannot well be 
done. Much of its history is written, its 
principles have been declared; the world is 
acquainted with our usages, by her doctrines 
being ably defended by her faithful ser- 

These principles of the church which make 
her a distinct organization from all others, 
can roe defended and practiced as our fathers 
have shown, without personal insinuations in 

their public preaching, by preaching thel 
Word, instant in season and out of ses 
reproving, rebuking with long-suffering 
doctrine, and in doing so they been 

characterized as a very peaceable, courteous 
and sociable class of people, and some of the] 
church's most able defenders are of this e 
but they have never manifested the spirit of 

Let us, dear brethren and sisters, strive to 
please God, even if the world is not always j 
pleased. Let us love the Brotherhood, en- 
deavoring to keep the unity of the spirit in] 
the bonds of peace. Peace in our family is 
worth more than the good- will of aliens, andj 
if we can, let us have both. "Be at p 
with all men as far as lieth in you," but nev- 
er purchase it by bartering away the good-1 
will of the church or any of the sacred prin-j 
ciples of the Gospel. 

Clarence, la., Aug. 0, It 



The late Cardinal Wiseman manife- 
courage in saying, "Give me the children of 
England, and in twenty years England will 
be all Catholic." What might not be accom- 
plished in twenty years of the right kind of 
devotion to the childrm! That time would 
be sufficient to Christianize the next ge_ -_- 
ation. It would seem as if this were impor- 
tant enough to justify dropping almost every- 
thing else in the effort to realize such a glor- 
ious and good work. I am fearful that many 
of us have never deliberately considered the 
importance of training children in a religi- 
ous manner. It may have seemed to us so J 
little; have we reflected only as giving them| 
a home, and food, and clothing them ? But 
our main' object in life should be to bring 
them up in the nurture and admonition of 
the Lord, as the Apostle Paul commanded. 

This is woman's work, one who is rightly 
trained and fitted for the station, one who 
has discernment enough to understand ■whatl 
is the highest attainment in life, and enthu- I 
siasm enough to sustain her in achieving it, j 
is competent to fill a place so sacred in bring- 
ing up children in a Christian manner. Gi d 
himself therefore huth chosen her for that 
purpose, and in order to fill that position I 
prominently, it can only be done by gr 
theni the thorough intellectual and moral 
discipline involved in the best and :. 
truly Christian education, and leading them 
early to form the right conceptions as to 
what God has made the highest sphere of 
womanhood; and a woman of this kind is in- 
deed capable to raise children correctly — 
She makes herself felt. Tne home itself 
owes its existence to her: the sum of all its j 
influence must be hers. . 

Dear sisters, let us be earnestly ;: r ged in 
so noble a work, especially you that are m< 
ers. Let us one and all, do our duty, make I 
home pleasant for the children. Speak k 
ly to them, for gentle words are more agree- J 
able to their feelings than harsh ores. 
they are more likely to lead anyone in the 



wrong road than in the right. Prepare them 
for the highest sphere of usefulness and 
honor in which they can be placed — should 
be our earnest desire. O ur steady aim should 
be to cultivate those pure and simple tastes, 
and to impart that solid knowledge which 
will prepare for healthful, virtuous Chris- 
tian living; and not to make pretty trifles, fit 
only for the levities of gay society. The 
church needs Christian men and women of 
the noblest order; and there are needed in- 
telligent, refined, true-hearted, noble persons, 
and not mere paper dolls, to make them. — 
Therefore to fill a position of eminent power, 
and to hold this position, is the high privi- 
lege of women. 

For this work God has endowed her, and 
it is a work altogether worthy of the most 
gifted and accomplished women in the world. 
It is too much the tendency of society to dis- 
own this vital truth, or at least to divert at- 
tention from it. It is indeed sad to think 
that even some children of Christian parents, 
are but too rarely touglit to regard it as the 
highest ideal of life, to fill such a position 

Other ends are placed before them, and 
different aspirations are awakened in their 
minds. Are not the young people far too 
generally taught to feel that to shine abroad 
and not at home, to be the favorite of the 
fashionable, and tread the summit of world- 
ly splendor, and not to secure the power and 
to command the homage which belongs to 
unpretending excellence, are the objects for 
which they are to live. Not that they are 
told this in just so many words, but this is 
the part of the course pursued in their ed- 

Sisters, look around you, on every side, do 
;you not see the effects of sin, woe and misery. 
Think-of the many thousands of poor souls 
that are travelling the broad road to ruin, 
and think of your children. Where do they 
spend their evenings? Do your fair daugh- 
ters attend parties? Do the boys parade the 
streets; frequent the saloons? Remember 
that temptations, allurements, and entice- 
ments are on' every side, and if we are not 
very careful they will be led astray before 
we are aware of it. 

Let us have our hearts filled with the spir- 
it of Christ, and take our Bibles in one hand 
and the children by the other and gently 
lead them to Sabbath-school and prayer- 
meeting. Tell them of a loving Savior who 
died for us and if we bring them up in the 
way the Bible tells ue, the love of God will 
be shed abroad in their hearts, and they will 
not care for the pleasures and amusements 
of this sinful world. 

Mothers, take courage, ask God to assist 
you to raise your children the way the Bible 
commands. Remember the Christian moth- 
er has more influence over children than any 
one else, The best men and women that ev- 
er lived have exhausted the power of words 
in their attempts to do it justice. Language 
cannot fully utter it. Memory, the memory 
of thousands who have felt it in the home of 
early years, still cherish the impression of it 
amidst the activities of manhood and woman- 

hood and in the hoary age, as the decisive 
force by which, character and destiny have 
been determined. 

Thousands have seemed to feel through 
life the mother's hand that in childhood was 
laid upon their heads. Many have been pre- 
served in the peril of temptation by the im- 
age of a godly mother watching with tearful 
eyes for their decision. 

A very large proportion of the noblest per- 
sons on earth have testified to their unspeak- 
able indebtedness to natural influence begun 
with a mother's love, that never ceased to be 
felt. And I say again, mothers do all you 
can to raise your children in a Christian 
manner, and when they are old enough to 
know right from wrong, they will not wan- 
der away from their Father's house, but will 
give their hearts to Christ, and their hand 
to the ohurch, and become true followers of 
Christ. __ 

Physical courage, which despises all dan- 
ger, will make a man brave in one way; and 
moral courage, which despises all opinion, 
will make a man brave in another. The for- 
mer would seem most necessary for the camp, 
the latter for council; but to constitute a 
great man both are necessary. 

If you want to go to the top, you must 
make your own ladder. 


DOMER— SWINGLEY.— Jan. 23, by Eld. S. Z Sharp, 
Bro. Henry Domer, of Marion, Iowa, t • sister Laura 
S. Swingley, daughter of Bro. Benj. Swmgley, near 
Mt. Morris, 111. 

BAER— SNYDER —By the undersigned, at the resi- 
dence of Israel Baer, Bro. Peter Baer to Miss Maggie 
F. Snyder, all of Furnas Co , Neb. 

Lohax Miller. 

DECKER— ROBERTS— By the writer, atlhe residence 
of the bride's. lather, Jan- 10, Samuel E. Decker and 
sister Cora Bell Robeits, both of Coos Co , Ore. 

W-M. Pulled. 

GARLAND— MOORE. -At the residence of the bride's 
sister, Jan. 20, Mr. Joseph W. Garland to Miss Mary 
A. Moore, both of Hoisopple, Somerset Co., Pa. 

IVES- FLETCHER.- Sept. 15, at the residence of the 
undersigned, of Sunfield, Eaton Co , Mich.^ Chancey 
Ives and Alice Evelyn Fletcher, both of above named 

CHATFIELD— PIFER.-Dec. 16, at the residence of 
the bride's parents, of Sunfield, Eaton Co., Mich, 
Henry Chatfieid and Mary L. Prfer, of above named 
place. . 

BRAILY— BAUGHMAN K — Dec. 31, at the residence of 
the bride's parents, of Sunfield, Eaton Co , Mich., 
Oliver Braly, of Sebewer, and Harriet Emily Baugh- 
man, of Sunfield, Mich. Eld. Benj. Fryfogle. 

SHELLER— STOUFFER.— Jan. 22, at the home of" the 
bride's parents, by Eld. David Long, Dr. C. R. Schel- 
ler, of Shady Grove, Pa., to Miss Mary E., daughter 
of Eld. D . F. Stouffar, Washington Co., Md. 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

COTNER — Dec. 16, in Eagle Creek congregation, Han- 
cock Co , 0., Willie C, son of Bro. and sibter Cotner. 

WOLFORD. — At the same place, Jan. 14, sister Susan, 
wife of Bro. Wolford. Disease, cancer. Funeral by 
the writer from 2 Cor. 5:1. A.J. Baughman. 

STUIZMAN.— Near Delta,, Fulton Co., Ohio, Jan. 8, 
Eld. Abraham Stutzman, born in Cambria Co., Pa., 
Nov. 17, 1807. 
He emigrated to Ohio in the year 1870; lived in the 
Swan Creek church up to his death; served the church 
as minister 43 years. Funeral by Eld. Thurston Mil- 

BRUMBAUGH. — Near Davenport, Iowa, Dec. 15, 
Amelia Ann, wife of Aaron Brumbaugh. She leaves 
a kind husband and four small children. Funeral 
serinon by Rev. Pugh of the M. E. church, and the 
writer. Joshua Shultz. 

STOUT.— In the Sunfield church, Eaton Co., .Mich., 
Mrs. Susanna Stout, aged 82 years, 8 months and 13 
davs. Funeral services fiom Heb. 13: 14. 

Eld. Bfnj. Fryfogle. 

REVIS— Jan. 19, Sluart Wayne, son of M. H. and 
Elenora Revis, aged six months and three days. 

ULERY.— In the Elkhait cl.urch, Elkhart Co., Ind., 
Aug. 19, Jacob J. Ulery, aged 64 years, 3 months and 
21 days. 

CAYLOR. — In the Fairview church, Appanoose Co.. 

Iowa, sister Mary Ann Caylor, aged 36 years, 2 

months and 27 days. 

She leaves a husband and six children to mourn 

their loss. She always was a consistent member of the 

church; her life was ended by blood poisoning. 

Daniel Zook. 

HART.— Dec. 18, in the Union City church, Darke Co., 
0., Magdalena Shideler, aged 68 fears, 5 months and 
17 days. Funeral sei vices by Bro. Jos. Longanecker 
and W. K. Simmons. 

KURTZ. — In the bounds of the Mahoning congrega- 
tion, Mahoning Co., Ohio, Jan. 18, sister Anna Cath- 
arine Kurtz, aged 82 years, 2 months and 22 days. 
Sister Kurtz's sufferings were brief but severe. She 
was 1 if loved by all who knew her, and leaves behind 
her many sorrowing friends. Wm. Johnson. 

DOUGHTY".— In Mt. Carroll, 111., Jan. 24, sister Mary 
Doughty, aged 41 years, 8 months and 13 days. 
The deceased suffered much from the effects of a 
cancer which was removed from her breast last Summer. 
She died in the Hospital at Aurora, where she was 
treated. Funeral services by Edmund Forney, from 
Matt. 11: 33. John J. Em.viert. 

COBER —In York Co , Canada, Nov. 19. Petei Cober, 
aged 83 years, 2 months and 29 days. Funeral ser- 
vices by Samuel Baker and Wonger, from 2 Tim. 4: 
6, 7. David Clem. 

MILLER. — In the Beaver Creek congregation, Rocking- 
ham Co., Va., Dec. 21, Bro. Jacob Miller, aged 68 
years, 3 months and 5 days. Funeral seivices from 
Rev. 2: 10. 

HESS. — In the Cook's Creek congregation, Va , sister 
Sarah E. Hess, wife of Bro Fred. Hess, aged 48 
years and 11 days. Funeral services by D. Shively, of 
Ind. N 

GLICK.— At Bridgewater, Va., Dec. 31, Laura C, eld- 
est daughter of Bro. A. B. and sister Bettie Click, 
aged 6 years 1 month and 5 days. Funeral services 

by the writer, from Matt. 14: 12. 

S. F. Sanger. 

LIVENGOOD.— At No. 156 Wilmot Avenue, Chicago, 
Jan. 24, of pneumonia, Mr. Jacob A. Livergood. 
The deceased was a brother of Abraham Livengocd 
of Dutchtown, Carroll Co., 111. The remains were in- 
terred in Oak Park Cemetery. 

STECKLEY.— In Cedar Lake district, Northern Indi- 
ana, Jan. 4, Christian Steckley, aged 75 years, 3 
months and 25 days. Deceased was a worthy mem- 
ber of the church and for many years served faithful- 
ly as deacon. G. I. Patterson. 



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Subscriptions and communications 
.1 as all orders for Hymn 
pr of the following ways - 
Mokris, Ogle Co., 111. 
- i Co., Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 
■ sent by mail may be 
be sent by Express, order 
:' - ■ _ .- 

S, 111., 

Feb. 5, ISSi. 

l eceived into the fold of Christ, 
tney, Mich... a new field of labor 

mrmd Forney and D. B. Eby, 
of _ _ Illinois, are now preaching in 

TfiE Brethren have concluded to build a 
_ -house i« Grundy Centre, Iowa, nest 

The Southern District of Indiana places 
?1 Hamilton on the Standing Com- 
- is year. 

D. Mast's address is changed from 
Boone Co., Neb., to Monroe, 
• and State. 

). J. J. Emmest writes that Bro. Ed- 
mund Forney has been holding some good 
3 at Mt. Carroll, 111. 

. Teeter has just closed a 
gs in the Middle Fork church, 
Ind, with eleven additions. 

. - Church of Clinton, Mass., 
: i unanimously to use water instead 
of wine at their Communion table. 

Me 3ENGEE and Der Bruc- 
>ryear. Address this office 
tyder, at Grundy Centre, Iowa. 

inited by baptism with the Ar- 

Moutgomery Co., Ohio, quite 

and others promised to come soon. 

BBY, of the South Wa- 
. ., informs us that he has been 
' ks. We hope 

e month of January the Breth- 
• mile, 0. ; ach encouraged; 

I Bro. J. J. Rosenberger 
their ministry. 

an, Mich. 

. held a few . 

with increas- 

Bbo. B. F. Miller, of Clarence, Iowa, ex- 
pects to move into Dakota shortly. He seems 
very much pleased with the country and peo- 

On" the evening of Feb. 2, Bro. David Ir- 
win was to have commenced a series of meet- 
ings at the Centre meeting-house, Stark Co., 

Bro. N. Trapp, of Greene, Butler Co., la., 
moves to Nevada, Yernon Co., Mo., this week. 
Bro. J. A. Murray, of "Waterloo, has moved 
to Kimball, Brule Co., Dakota. 

Bro. Samuel Shawyer, writing fr6m Belle- 
fontaine, O., says: "Two moie were added to 
the Logan church, Logan Co., by baptism, 
Jan. 26. This makes eight in the last three 

When last heard from, Bro. Silas Hoover 
was holding meetings in the Bush Creek 
church, Fayette Co., O. Brethren Eli Ston- 
er and D. N. Workman have the oversight of 
the church there. 

Any one having a spare copy of a tract 
with the title, "Mourners' Bench Religion 
Examined," by J. S. Flory, will confer a 
.great favor by sending it to Joseph Crum- 
rine, Mexico, Ohio, who will pay for it. 


Brethren H. P. Strickler and C. M. 
Garner, of Grundy Centre, Iowa, held a se- 
ries of meetings in Franklin Co., in a school- 
house near Bro. Suter's, the latter part of 
January. The meeting lasted ten days. 

Until further notice, Bro. Paul "Wetzel 
may be addressed at Mt. Carroll, 111., in care 
of Harrison Grouse. He is now holding a 
series of meetings in the Big Grcve meeting- 
house, near Garrison, Iowa, but will close on 
the 12th, then go to Mt. Carroll. 

Bro. Stephen Yoder, of Harlan, Iowa, 
who spent some weeks preaching at Milledge- 
ville and Lanark, 111., writes of his safe ar- 
rival at home. He speaks very highly of his 
visit among the. members in Northern Illi- 

Bro. Daniel Shively, of Indiana, has re- 
turned home from his extended visit fo Vir- 
ginia. He seems to have enjoyed his visit 
very much, and we feel confident that his 
sweet singing has inspired many souls in 

Bro. John Zuck, Clorence, Iowa, -reports 
his family somewhat improving, but he will 
not be able to fill his promised appointments, 
nor can he give attention to those who have 
written him concerning meetiugs. We pray 
for a speedy recovery of the afflicted ones. 

We must ask some of those whose corre- 
spondence has not yet appeared, to exercise a 
little forbearnce toward us; we are doing the 
best we can to find room for the many com- 
munications on hand. Many of them are 
well written, while some others will require 
considerable correction. And when so crowd- 
ed with work, it is quite natural for us to se- 
lect the articles requiring the least time to 
prepare them for the press. 

Those who wish to know more of the e 
ny that is settling near Great Bend, 
should write to Bro. S. H. Myers, Tin 
ville, Rockingham Co., Ya. The com; 
has purchased thirty thousand acres, and 
will offer some good minister an excellent 
chance. The company desires a minister 
some ability, and of good standing in the 
church. Bro. Myers is now in Texas, but 
will likely soon be at home, or some one 
will promptly attend to the business d" 
his absence. 

We take the liberty of calling 
tention to Bro. D. L. Miller's article 
week. It impresses us with the thought that 
Bro. Hope has already done a gra 
Denmark, and has trained the members in a 
way that they may well become our t 
in some respects, at least. It seems r 
that after reading this account of the Den- 
mark work, we ought to feel more than ever 
encouraged to aid in keeping the work mov- 
ing. The beginning has certainly been good: 
the zeal of the members there is very 
aging, and now let us continue to do our du- 
ty as becometh Brethren in America. 

There are some good articles in this issue. 
But we are glad that Bro. Enoch Eby, in his 
article, has made his point so plain en the 
subject of church government. We say it 
here, and say it candidly, that there is no 
subject before our Brotherhood of more im- 
portance than proper church government.— 
We also believe that it is very imperfectly 
understood by many housekeepers. Had all 
of our officials a clear conception of the way 
the word should be applied, and justice ad- 
ministered, there would be little occasion for 
serious church troubles. We hope some of 
our brethren will write more on this subject; 
it needs more attention than any other ques- 
tion known to us. 


Editor of Gospel Messenqer : — 

In No. 3, page 40, I find this: "District 
Meetings should bear in mind that each 
trict is entitled to but one membfr on the 
Standing Committee under the present ar- 
rangement." I ask, Is not this a mistake? 
When the delegate system was adopted in 
1882, it was specifically stated that there 
should be no change in the election of the 
Standing Committee, and the ruling there- 
fore is still, that each State having ten bish- 
ops is entitled to three members on the 
Standing Committee, which leaves Illinois 
and some other States, having ten bishops 
and less than three districts, entitled to three 
members on the Standing Committee. N c 
era Illinois should, therefore, accord!: _ 
our arrangements, send two members to the 
Standing Committee. Daniel Yaniman. 

Remarks. — We stand corrected, and are 
glad that our attention was called to the mis- 
take. We hope the coming Annual Me^ 
will make the membership, instead of the 
number of elders the basis of represen tation. 
In some districts there are proportionally 
more elders to the membership than others, 
hence the representation does not seem j i 
er. We suggest the sending of one rue; 
on the Standing Committee for each 2 
members or fraction thereof. 





In this article I propose to give informa- 
m concerning Florida that will prove of in- 
rest and profit to many of our readers; 
3nce it will pay them to patiently read what 

may hero have to say. 1 passed through 
e entire State from West to East, and then 

far South as Palatka, on the SL John's 
Iver. I spent nearly one week personally 
amining the country fifteen mile3 east of 
ilatka, on the high pine grounds. 
From Pensacola to Tallehassee, much of 
e land is yet unsettled. It is covered with 
heavy growth' of pine timber, some of which 

very large, and all of it would make the 
st of pine lumber. The ground is covered 
ith a luxuriant growth of wild grass, on 
rich cattle and sheep live and thrive the en- 
e year. I saw much stock in line, healthy 
ndition. Health on the high parts of this 
untry is certainly good. There are mang- 
le springs, and a few lakes. There is also 
hsiderable lowland, covered with dense 
owths, on which cattle feed during the Win- 
r, but for good health people do not want 

build near these places. This part of 
lorida is not a farming country, though 
ere is some fine corn, cotton, and oats 
ised in some parts of it. It is a. fine place 
r grapes and strawberries. A colony of 
or them people settled here could make 
oney and enjoy life raising stock. The 
inters are very mild, snow never falls, and 
seldom freezes. Land is also cheap/much 
it can be procured at government prices, 
umber is cheap and timber plenty. Any 
rson visiting this part of the State with a 
ew of locating, should spend considerable 
ne looking around. At first he will be very 
favorably impressed with everything but 
e timber, climate, and water. The whole 
ate of Florida is one great sand-bed cover- 
L with timber and grass. Society here will 

what you make it. You can settle in 
oups miles away from any living being and 
ild up a community as you think proper. 
I spent one-half day looking over the coun- 
y in the vicinity of Tallahassee, the capital 

the State. Here you will find considerable 
rming country that may be counted reason- 
fly good. Land can be purchased from 
.00 to $25.00 per acre, and in the hands of 
orthern energy would doubtless produce 
II. It is very undulating, with good wa- 
r and fine road-beds. , The colored people 

this part of the State outnumber the 

rites, but commit no depredations more 

lan the common run of society. They are 

ry polite. "When they meet you in the 

md they touch their hat and bow genteelly. 

was on Saturday that I was in the city, 
ad the main streets were full of them. They 
jemed as happy as larks, and as simple in 
leir way as sheep. They would stand in the 
liddle of the streets in group's talking, some- 

times they would almost block the walks. I 
walked around among them quite a while, 
but saw not the least misconduct. 

I cannot say much of the country between 
Tallahassee and Jacksonville, as I passed 
through most it after night. Jacksonville, 
situated on the St. John's river, is a fine 
place. It is a regular Northern city in a 
Southern climate. The business parts re- 
mind me very much of Chicago. Many of 
the residences are exceedingly fine, and the 
large hotels very numerous. Jacksonville 
is one of the greatest winter resorts, for 
Northern people, in America. - They come 
here f:om every part of the North to spend 
the Winter in this congenial climate. — 
At this season of the year large ripe oranges 
may be found hanging on the trees in every 
part of the city. There are also many fine 
groves in this part of the 'State. 

I had the pleasure o? sailing up the St. 
John's river to Palatka, distance about 60 
miles South of Jacksonville. The trip was 
a charming one. In places the river is three 
miles wide. In many parts the banks are 
lined with beautiful orange groves, coming 
down to near the water's edge. The trees are 
covered with dark green leaves and hang full 
of ripe oranges. In the midst of many of 
these charming groves are beautiful and 
cozy residences. In places the scene is 
grand indeed, and far surpasses any pictures 
of Winter life in Florida I have yet seen. 
There are also many beautiful cities along 
the banks of this stream, built up almost ex- 
clusively of Northern capital. Some of the 
little groves are little fortunes. I visited one 
grove, opposite of Palatka, 50 years old. 
This year five acres of it produce over 
$18,000 worth of oranges. In this grove I 
saw on the trees some of the finest fruit my 
eyes ever beheld. I saw lemons hanging on 
the trees, as large as a pint cup, and grape- 
fruit as large as a quart cup. They looked 
like little yellow pumpkins hanging on the 

I also saw trees, four years old from the 
budding, having on them nearly two hundred 
oranges. A visit among these orange groves, 
at this season of the year, is exceedingly en- 
joyable. No one can walk through them, and 
view the grand work of nature and art thus 
combined, without feeling that there is a 
great future for Florida. 

I spent one day in Palatka, a charming city 
on the banks of the St, John's R var. Here I 
met a number of persons from Dayton, Ohio, 
on a trip through the State. Some of them 
are readers of the Gospel Messenger, and I 
was soon made to feel at home among them. 
In Palatka one feels as though he were in a 
Northern city, surrounded by Northern peo- 
ple and Northern habits. Many of the 
streets are lined with orange trees, and are 
no v hanging full of ripe oranges, but they 
hafjspen to be the wild orange, which is ex- 
ceedingly bitter, and well calculated to de- 

ceive the Northern visitor, who makes it a 
rule to taste but one, and gets his associates 
to do likewise if possible. 

Much of the land along the St. John's Riv- 
er is swampy, and extremely xmhealthy dur- 
ing the hot season, yet people live there the 
entire year. Many wealthy people have fine 
residences here, and spend their Winters in 
this part of Florida. During the Winter sea- 
son it is quite healthy, and very enjoyable, 
for the climate- is very mild, rarely reaching 
the freezing point. From Palatka I went 15 
miles west into the high pine lands, where I 
spent nearly one week among the people, in 
the woods and around the lakes. This was the 
most important part of my trip to Florida, 
and I will have something more to say con- 
cerning it next week. But before closing 
this letter I desire to say that Florida, at this 
season of the year, is not the '"Land of Flow- 
ers," as it is often stated. I saw but few 
flowers, and most of them were strawberry 
blossoni3. If cultivated, flowers may grow 
most of the yeai', and some of them are ex- 
ceedingly beautiful. Most of the trees in 
places are covered with a beautiful long moss 
that hangs down from the limbs several feet, 
giving the woods a picturesque appearance 
that cannot be described in words. When I 
left, Jan. 25, many were making garden, 
Mrs. Mann, of Manville, had in her garden 
fine lettuce large enough to use, cabbage al- 
most in full head, and peas up nicely. Thi3 
has been a very cold Winter for Florida, 
and in places the oranges have been injured, 
but this far South none of, the trees seem 
seriously damaged. Aside from this I did 
not see that the cold effected much, unless it 
slightly injured the strawberry crop. Win- 
ters of this kind, however, are seldom expe- 
rienced in this part of the State. Thousands 
of people spend their Winters in Florida, 
and the number is increasing every year. — 
The towns and hotels along St. John's River 
are througed with the traveling public, some 
of whom pay enormous prices for their ac- 
commodations. Everything here seems to 
partake of the energy that is so characteris- 
tic of the North. In fact the Northern peo- 
ple are completely monopolizing Florida, and 
investing enormous sums of money in the 
way of improvements and fruit culture. I 
see not the least prospect of a check to this 
movement; for the State lias the best Winter 
climate on the continent, and produces fruit 
that will always be in demand. Of course 
there are many drawbacks. There are only 
portions of the State, where it is advisable 
to live duting the hot season; then the 
ways of making a living, are so different 
there from what they are North, that it re- 
quires a little time for one to become recon- 
ciled to the change and prepared to enjoy it. 

J. H. M. 

We are now out of Nos. 2, 3, 4 and 5, 
hence cannot fill orders for these numbers. 



BI Lr.wis w TEETER. 

S this is a point that is called in ques- 

■ esent. and opposed, it may be at 

-: in place, if not very necessary to give 

Scriptural authority for holdiug such 

We will in the first place make the asser- 
tion that there is no organization on the face 
ir globe, that has for its object, the wor- 
ship of God, according to the Gospel, that 
- - i bly survive and prosper without an 
gling or conference of the members 
who compose such organization. When 
Paul said to the Corinthians: "Be ye folio w- 
: me, even as I also am of Christ," it 
- necessary that they should be with Paul 
— see him, or hear about him, that they 
might know how to follow him. Paul in 
.12:4,5, and 1 Cor. 12: 12-20, com- 
pares the church or body of Christ to the 
human body and personifies them, represent- 
ing them as talking, in which he shows un~ 
vkably the relation that exists between 
those members, and their dependence upon 
each other, and the folly of all those mem- 
bers having the same office, etc. 

He then proceeds to make the application 
as follows; so we, "being many, are one body 
in Christ, and every one members one of an- 
other.'" Ptom. 12: 5, "Now ye are the body 
of Christ, and members in particular." 1 
Cor. 12: 27. 

Therefore we understand Paul to intimate 
that a similar relation and dependence exists 
in the body of Christ-or church. That when 
ail the members of the natural body are well, 
all rejoice together. This is in a time 
of peace in the natural body, and it grows 
and prospers. But when one member suf- 
fers, all the members suffer with it. This 
is a time of trouble in the natural body. 
Every member is stirred with sympathy, and 
seeks relief for the ailing one. This gather- 
ing together of sympathy from all parts of 
the body, is what we might call a council 
meeting in the natural body, either for the 
ration of the ailing member, or suppres- 
sion or amputation, and this the Savior inti- 
mates is profitable, in Mat. 18: 8, 9, "when an 
ailing member threatens the destruction of 
whole body." Tne application of the 
e is very readily made to the church. It 
the province of the church in its coun- 
iestruction, overthrow or am- 
lion, of any of its members, but to re- 
e, build up, and heal the ailing one. 
s rale is < nt with the Gospel, in 

>rnment of the church, as it is with 
yernment of the human body 
is impossible, amputa- 
. ; yet it is done by 
nt of the body, consequently 
ark, the members must beassem- 

• ■."-: "Tell ituntothe church: 

but . .'. to hear the church, let him 

tahea then man and a publican." 

Matt. 18:17. If, after the first two s teps are 
taken, as directed in verses 15 and 1(5, the mat- 
ter shall be told in the church; but if he neg- 
lect to hear the church, let him be unto thee 
as a heathen man and a publican. First: 
How can a matter be told unto the church, 
unless the church is assembled? • Secondly: 
How can a man neglect to hear the church 
unless the church gives him counsel,-tells 
him what to do? Thirdly: How can the 
church tell a man what he must do concern- 
ing any matter unless she hears and consid- 
ers the same matter? Therefore it is impos- 
sible to dispose of the third step, as given in 
Matt. 18: 17, without the church being as- 
sembled in council, which was the idea of the 
Savior. He then concludes by saying, "Yeri- 
ly I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind 
on earth, shall be bound in heaven; and 
whatsoever ye shall loose on earth, shall be 
loosed in heaven." Matt. 10: 18. That is, 
any business conducted and adjusted by the 
church according to the Gospel, shall be rati- 
fied in heaven. 

Again, in Acts 15: 25, after there had been 
much disputing, James arose and made a 
proposition that they write an epistle to the 
church at Antioch, giving them the united 
counsel of that conference, saying: "It seem- 
ed good unto us, being assembled with one 
accoed, to send chosen men unto you, etc." 
Here is an example of a council-meeting, al- 
though of somewhat larger magnitude than 
ordinary, yet it was a council-meeting of the 
apostles and elders and the whole church, v. 

Then again, when those brethren arrived 
at Antioch, they had another "church-meet- 
ing." They gathered the multitude together, 
they delivered the epistle. Then Judas and 
Silas exhorted the brethren. 

Again, in 1 Cor. 5, we have another exam- 
ple of a "church-meeting," concerning that 
fornicator whose like could not even be found 
among the Gentiles. Paul passed his judg- 
ment, and admonished the brethren, saying: 
"In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when 

ye are gathered together to deliver 

such a one unto Satan, etc." Paul gees on 
with his exhortation, and finally concludes by 
saying: "Therefore, put away from among 
you that wicked person." 

Again, Paul admonishes the Corinthians to 
submit their matters to the saints, saying:— 
"Dare any of you, having a matter against 
another, go to law before the unjust and not 
before the saints?" This requires the as- 
semblage of the saints. 

Again, Paul gives Timothy directions how 
to proceed with transgressors: "Them that 
sin, rebuke before all, that others also may 
fear." 1 Tim. 5: 20. If they must be rebuk- 
ed before all, it is, of course, necessary for 
all to be gathered together. 

From the foregoing evidences in favor of 
holding church-meetings or council-meetings, 
we feel safe in going on and doing as we have 
been doing, and as the Brethren have always 
done; and still admonishing the members as 
Paul did, not to forsake the assembling of 
themselves together, as the manner of some 
was in his day. 

If, therefore, we have authority . for hoi 
ing those meetings, there must have beenl 
necessity, else why the authority? And i 
there was a necessity, there must h i 
something to be done, that should not be nea 
lected, and we cannot conclude that the worl 
to be done at those meetings was intended to 
have an evil effect, therefore it must have 
been intended to have a good effect. Whethl 
er those meetings are held in the interest of 
a local church, or district, or conference oi 
the Brotherhood at large, the effect is intend 
ed to be good, as all are church-meetings oi 
different magnitudes, more or less general 



n I will give unto thee the key? of the ki' ; 
of heaven; aud whatsoever thou shalt hind on ear', 
be bound in heaven, and whatsoever thou shalt lc 
earth shall he loosed in heaven." — Malt. 16: 19 

No greater power or authority was erej 
delegated to a body of men, than the Savio* 
gave to his disciples, or church on earth.— i 
But while that is true, it is equally true, thai 
power can, and is sometimes abused. Diotl 
replies, in his day, abused that power an< 
did a work that heaven never ratified. Tb_ 
act of casting members out of the churcfl 
pre-eminently, will doubtless be sanct: i 
by Satan, but not by the Lord. When th# 
keys (God's Word) are properly used, God 
will sanction it. 

The church, with all the power she 
possession of, has no power beyond the Gos- 
pel; she dare neither add nor diminish; yet 
she is held responsible for a proper an 
dicious'use of the Gospel. She nrv. 
it out into the world to save sinners and sha 
must use it judiciously andtendei" in thfl 
church to feed the flock. Great care :- - 
quired that we be not too hasty in pulii;. 
tares and thereby destroy wheat also; or ba 
too lenient and foster a corrupting inlluenee, 
which the Gospel condemns, and th; 
many, if not the whole body be defiled. 

Justice would often cry, "Cut it clo- 
the end of three years' patient nursing:' 
Mercy pleads for "one year more." If a 
member cannot be reformed in four y 
careful training, the axe, which is laid at th4 
root of the trees, must be used. Good eh 
government is as essential to the salvatic : 
sinners as good preaching. . Much 
preaching is done, but the church government 
in many places is better calculated to maki 
skeptics than to save sinners. 

A church is like a family or school, or even 
a nation; in the absence of good governmen 
trouble and a thwarting of interest s is e v 
to follow. All loyal citizens will respect gov- 
ernment, and if. in their judgment, it: 
feetive in any point, they will proceed, 
legal way, to meet that point, by introducing 
a bill, pointing out and correcting the error? 
And if the children of this world act w 
in their generation, how much mor; 
the children of light? 

Our church government is the best in thfl 
world; it is democratic in form, because it ■ 




the people's government, and not the few. It 
is perfect in principle, for its Author is per- 
fect. It supersedes all other governments as 
far as the light of the sun does the moon, 
hence, should be loved and honored by all. — 
It is reasonable in all its demands, does all 
things without partiality, and only the heady 
and high-minded and those who are lovers of 
pleasure more than lovers of God, will ignore 
and reject it and plead for liberty. 

The law of Christ gives us all the liberty 
we want to do good, and none who have the 
Spirit of Christ will ask for liberty to do evil. 
May the Lord help us to look into the per- 
fect law of liberty, be doers, be blest, and be 
eternally saved, is my prayer, in Jesus' name. 

As cold water to a thirsty rouI, so is good news from a far 
country . 

Protracted Meeting - . 

The Rock Run church, Indiana, will com- 
mence a series of meetings on January 30th, 
7 o'clock, P. M. Bro. W. E. Deeter will 
preach for us. We hope we shall have a 
good meeting. Bro. Isaac Eairigh from 
Michigan, preached three sermons for us on 
the 16th and 17th of this month, and Bro; 
Benjamin Leer, one. One was baptized. — 
Northern Indiana is alive to the Master's 
cause; most of the churches are holding pro- 
tracted meetings and we hope the cause may 
be much revived. I. L. Berkey. 

From Tippecanoe City, Miami Co., O. 

According to arrangements, I met the 
members of the Oakland church, Darke coun- 
ty, to hold a series of meetings which com- 
menced on the 11th of January, and continu- 
ed until the 21st. This church had its fiery 
trials, but the ark is slowly moving along. — 
The church is beginning to show signs of re- 
viying; the dry bones begin to move about. 
Four souls became willing to choose the good 
part, and united with the church. Others 
said they would soon come too. May the 
Lord help them to come, and bless them. — ■ 
I thank the members for their kindness to 
me, and the young people for their attention 
and good order. Joseph Holder. 

From Atpiiena, Dakota Ter.— Jan. 22. 

I am happy to say the Gospel Messenger 
is a welcome visitor at our house. It is only 
through it that we get some of our dear 
brethren's sermons. There are a few mem- 
bers scattered here and there, but no speak- 
er. Can you not seud us one or two, or as 
many more as feel like coming to labor for 
the Master's cause? I think there is a good 
field open here for the Brethren. Our kind 
neighbors express a strong desire to have 
some of our brethren and sisters locate among 
us. Brethren coming to Dakota would do 
well to stop off here, and look at the country. 
We certainly have a beautiful, and, I believe, 
a good country. Land is advancing rapidly; 
deeded land, 1G0 acres, can be had for 

to $1200. Two of Bro. John Price's sons 
have each bought a very nice farm here. — 
Bro. Jacob Miller, of Franklin, Lee Co., 111., 
has purchased four splendid farms, 160 acres 
each; he paid $4,800 for the section. Bro. B. 
F. Miller, of Clarence, Iowa, paid us a pleas- 
ant visit of four days. He started for home 
on the 4th of January; .he expects to locate 
here also next Spring. Oar clear friend, Mr. 
Geo. Sprecher, of Mt. Morris, also paid us a 
visit of three weeks. We enjoyed their visits 
very much, and shall be pleased to welcome 
them back in the Spring as neighbors, and as 
many more of our dear brethren and sisters 
as feel to come. We had beautiful weather 
till the 23rd of December, then it began to 
get cold. On the 4th of January it was 36' 
below zero, and it continued cold till the 8th, 
and on the 9th, it was 32° above zero. It has 
since been up to 42° above. We had about 
five inches of snow, and three weeks of sleigh- 
ing. We are all well, thank the Lord. 

Geo. J. Eoyer. 

From Fisher's Hill, Ya.— Jan, 14. 

The Gospel Messenger has been sent to 
me by some one. I knew not who, until a 
short time since, I discovered that my parents 
and my sister M. Fannie Spiggle, have sub- 
scribed for it for me. Mrs. Spiggle is the 
wife of W. H. Spiggle, the minister of Mead- 
ow Mills, Va. I am no member of any church, 
but my parents, my brother and one of my 
sisters are members of your church. I live 
near one of your churches, of which J. W. 
Wakeman, an uncle, is the minister; it is 
known as the Bound Hill church: it takes 
its name from a hill about 800 ft. high upon 
which a signal corps was established during 
the late war, and from which minerals are be- 
ing excavated. Although the Brethren do 
not hold Love-Feasts in this church, yet they 
have the "Valley Pike," about four miles up 
the Valley which they use for this purpose. 
The ministers there are Eld's S. A. and E. B 
Shaver. Both churches are comparatively 
new, and each has a good working member- 
ship. We have a good Sunday-school at 
1 Round Hill," with J. W. Hockman, Superin- 
tendent; Jeremiah Wakeman, Libraian and the 
writer, Secretary. The school has an average 
attendance of twenty-five scholars. It is now 
closed, but will be opened about the first 
of April. Geo. A. Copp. 

From Middletowu, Mil— Jan. 12. 

According to previous arrangements, Eld. 
W. A. Gaunt, of Barbour Co., W. Va., met 
with us on the evening of the 22nd of Decem- 
ber, 1883, in the Broad Ban meeting-house, 
and preached the first sermon introductory 
to a series of meetings, which were held dur- 
ing the following week. For the first few 
days the weather was very unfavorable, con- 
sequently the attendance was small; then the 
clouds dispersed, the sky became clear, and 
the roads being in excellent condition for 
sleighing, the congregations grew larger and 
a much greater interest was manifested by 
both members and others. Brother Gaunt 
preached twelve sermons. The Scriptures 

to form the basis of his remarks, were wisely 
selected, and calculated to infuse zeal in the 
hearts of the Brethren, and to awaken the un- 
concerned from the drowsy lethargy of sin. — 
And although we can report no additions, 
we believe good results will follow. The 
Brethren were made to feel stronger in the 
faith. May God ever sustain our dear broth- 
er both spiritually and physically, in his ef- 
forts to increase his kingdom. On Christ- 
mas morning we had Sabbath-school meet- 
ing. The exercises were opened with sing- 
ing and prayer. Several addresses were made 
relative to the birth of our Savior, after 
which the teachers and pupils were made the 
recipients of a Christmas present. Altogeth- 
er we think it was a good meeting, enjoyed 
by all, and especially encouraging to the lit- 
tle ones. In view of the abundance of good 
gifts we enjoy in this land of plenty, it was; 
suggested that we make a voluntary contri- 
bution for the Danish Mission, the result of: 
which was, seven dollars contributed, which 
was duly forwarded. We were made to think 
that if more efforts were made, especially on 
occasions of this kind, when the mind is ful- 
ly awakened to realize God's goodness, to 
get contributions, not only would we have 
means for the Danish Mission but many oth- 
ers, that might be established for the dissem- 
ination of God's truths. 

David Ausherman. 

From Ashland, Oregon.— Jan. H. 

The brethren and sisters of the Rogue 
Eiver congregation met in quarterly council 
on Saturday, Jan 5th, at ten o'clock, at the resi- 
dence of Bro. James Nininger in Ashland 
Oregon. The brethren and sisters were most 
all present except those that lived at a dis- 
tance. All business passed off quietly and with 
apparently good feeling. As there was no 
business before the meeting of a serious nat- 
ure, we had a short discourse by Eld.. 
George Hoxie. Then the building of a house' 
of worship was discussed pretty freely by the- 
members generally, and met with a hearty 
sanction from all present. The plan of the 
house was decided on, which will be 20 by 40, 
14 ft. story, rustic on the outside, and fin- 
ished otherwise in a good substantial way, to 
be ready for use by April the 26th, which is the 
time set for the District Meeting of Oregon, 
wnich will be held in Ashland at about that 
time. We also appointed a Communion -meet- 
ing at the same time or immediate by after the 
the District Meeting. We cannot get money 
enough to finish the house : at present, but 
merely to put the house up and inclose it so we 
can use it, as we have no place to hold meet- 
ing but at private houses. Now, as there are 
but a few of us members living in this congre- 
gation and most of them are in very limited 
circumstances and not able to give much to- 
ward building a house, could not some of our 
more wealthy congregations in the East help 
us a little? Any donations will be gladly re- 
ceived. All donations should be sent to E. W 
Moomaw, Ashland, Jackson Co., Oregon. We 
had meetings on Saturday night and Sunday 
night with reasonable attendance and good 


brethren, we leave the matter 
_ help us, we will take it 
« the Lord loveth a cheerful giv- 
er. May the Lord help us all to discharge 
iyer. Health is good. 
itifal Winter so far; times 

E. 11. WlMER. 

District Meeting. 

Meeting of the Middle Dis- 

will i e held in the Spring. 

o s ion, Kosciusko county, on the 

• -. 1S84, near Sidney, on the 

New York, Chicago and St. 

is K. E. Trains going East at 11:5.7, A. 

P. M. Going West, 8:5G A. M. 

I ?. M. Brethren corning over the 

"abash and Michigan road will 

; Clay Pool, and those corning on the 

will stop off at Collamer, or 

:uth Whitley. Brethren coming 

rill have to come on the 12th. Those 

Sidney, Kinzie or Collamer will 

for. My residence is close to the 

Daniel Snell. 

Visit to Xewtoii County, Mo. 

1 7th we started from our 

■arrived in the evening at Bro. J. 
In the morning, being joined 
Mason and Hubbard, we, after 
E : fourteen miles reached Bro. 

. m Shirey's. Sunday the next day, at 
11 P. M ., we had preaching at a school-house, 
re we had a very interesting and atten- 
tion. From there the meeting 
to what is known as the Hickory 
il-house, where we had several 
ith marked attention. And as is 
the case with the Brethren, we had 
rime the waters were be- 
. and some very near the king- 
Daring our meetings at this place, we 
r lives witnessed better behavior 
-ition. The brethren and some of 
expressed themselves as being 
s for members to settle in their 
By request of the Brethren there, we 
t report of the Western por- 
eonnty only, as there have been 
irts given of the eastern part. — 
I is what we would call timber land, 
m ail prairies. The prair- 
... There are some very rich 
- valleys, though narrow — 
.ne-half of the country to 
land, the other half affords 
og for stock Water is good: 
. . g springs to be found 
sr the country. School 
a new country. Mar- 
is a lively little town 
inhabitants, situated 
. . ian Territory lin< 

o R. 11. — 


■ all civ; 


schools* and institutions of learning. You 
will find among them some good scholars. — 
If any wish any farther information, en- 
close stamp, and address Abraham or Da- 
Add Shirey, Seneca, Newton Co., Mo. Before 
we close we will state, upon reaching the home 
Of Bro. Mason, we found his wife very sick. 
He has our sympathies in his trying hour.- 
On reaching our home we found all well, for 
which Ave try to be thankful. 

L. E. Pri'ceett. 
Pioneer, 2Io. 

From Osborne County, Kim. 

We had a pleasant visit from brethren 
John Hollinger and Jacob Harnish, of Eus- 
sel county. Brother Hollinger was sent by 
the Mission Board of North-western Kan- 
sas and Colorado; brother Harnish accom- 
panied him. They commenced preaching 
the evening of the 12th of January, and 
preached eleven sermons; and they preached 
as those of old, not shunning to declare the 
whole counsel of God. 

This has been the first series of meetings 
we have had since the division in the church. 
A few of us — eight members — desire to 
stand firm upon the rock, not to be driven 
about by trials and temptations. 

The preaching Avas in a large school- 
house, Aidiich was sometimes filled to the ut- 
most, yet the order was good. I noticed sev- 
eral persons in the congregation whom I had 
never seen at any meeting since I am here; 
and that will be four years, if Ave live, until 
the 25th of March. One man told me that 
he had not heard any preaching for over five 
years, yet he came to hear the brethren al- 
most every evening. We hope that the la- 
bors of the Brethren will be as "bread cast 
upon the waters, to be gathered many days 

I would say to our ministering brethren, 
when you are traveling through the West, 
try and stop with us, in Osborne county ; for 
"the harvest is great and the laborers are 
few." Philip Landis. 

From Clear Creek, Huntington Co., Ind. 
—Jan. 4. 

On the evening of Jar. 9th, Eld. Dor- 
sey Hodgden, began a series of meetings in 
the United Brethren meeting-house, seven 
miles from our own house of AA r orship. Bro. 
Dorsey held forth the word of the Lord with 
power every evening, and twice on Lord's 
Day, until the evening of the 17th, with in- 
creasing interest and good order, and a bright 
prospect for doing some good. On the aboA^e 
named evening one of the trustees told us 
that Ave had better close our meetings, be- 
ome of their members were having 
their minds stirred up, and that there was too 
great a difference between them and us, for 
,- us to preach doctrinal sennons 
in their house. Thus, when the pure Word 
of God is proclaimed from the sacred desk, 
in its purity, it makes people stop and 
reflect which causes the waters to 
be troubled,-- fearing some one might bo in- 

fluenced to step in and be healed upon the 
principles of the Gospel; for thus in the 
midst of a prosperous meeting the doo? 
closed upon us. But all this does not 
courage us; for it is the means to build as 
up in the most holy faith that Avas one-- de- 
livered to the saints. This church is in love 
and union so far as we know. 

B. E. Paul; 

From Salem, Oregon. 

We are getting along in the even tenor of 
our way. We keep up our regular meetings 
vith a good interest; haA'e thirteen members 
residing here in Salem, and w( 
ings occasionally. We are haA'ing & 
pleasant Winter; fair weather and but little- 
rain this month. The coldest we 
have had wa3 about 25 : above zero. Grass 
is green. Health among the members, and 
out in the country, is pretty good, but there 
is considerable sickness in Salem; scarlet and 
typhoid fevers. David L 

From Dc Kalb County, Ind.— Jan. 

Tee Messenger is still a welcome ai 
among us. Last Saturday was our quarterly 
council, and a goodly number of our :__ 
bers.were present: all seemed to be in love 
and union. Eld. Jacob Gump and Bro. 
Stuckley were Avith us, by request of the 
church. The meeting is yet in progress. — 
We are willing to leave the result with 
the Giver of all good. Our Winter has 
pleasant, though there were some ex tie: 
cold days, the mercury 
lowest ever recorded in the cou: 

G. I. Patterson. 

From Cornell, 111.— Jan. 30. 

Or?, series of meetings closed last ni 
an addition by confession and 1 
We were sorry that the Brethren e : 
not continue longer; had only five days' stay 
Avith us. Bro. G. W. Cripe did most of the 
preaching and did us a good work in his 
short stay with us. The Lord bless him and 
his labors while with us, and enable hi; 
come to us again and resume his labors 
26th of February, as he promised as, is our 

Later. — Just at the close of our serie 
meetings I received a postal card from 
esteemed brother, C. S. Holsinger, saying he 
would be at our place, Friday, February 
Hope he can stay with us and laboi 
conversion c to Chris:. Come on, 

brethren, the new church-house was built for 
God and his seivice. K. Hecem.. 

Collesje Items. 

The Bible classes are now studying 
travels andjabors of St. Paid, and arc- 
much interested in the subject One hun- 
dred and soventy-four in ucel - 


The reading of impure Hi 
verely condemned by many in their remarks 
during last Thursday evening's prayer-n 



ing. If parents would all furnish their chil- 
dren with plenty of good literature, they 
would not likely acquire a taste for the bad. 

Yesterday evening Prof. Cravens delivered 
a carefully prepared lecture to the school on 
"True Education." It is the aim of the true 
educator to develop the powers of the intel- 
lect and lead students to think, and not mere- 
ly cram the mind with facts. All great men 
were great thinkers. Education must be 
symmetrical, the moral powers must be devel- 
oped with the intellectual, and a taste instill- 
ed for all that is true and good and noble. — 
The wrapt attention given to the professor, 
showed the deep impression he wa6 making 
on their minds. 

Subject for nest Thursday's prayer-meet- 
ing is one of great importance to every one 
at this time, "Charity." Eld. Geo. Zollers, 
of Hickory Grove, 111., is booked for a number 
of meetings in the Chapel. Reporter. 

From !La'Bue, Mo- Jan. 28. 

By request of the church, Bro. Jacob Whit- 
more came to us and labored in word and doc- 
trine, faithfully, for a little over one week. — 
Result of meetings, the church was much 
edified, sinners instructed, and warned of 
of their danger, and two precious souls re- 
ceived into the fold of Christ. 

J. S. Mohler. 

From Lick Creek Church,, Near Edon, 
O.— Jan. 28. 

I met with the Brethren in the western 
part of our own district, January 19th, and 
commenced meeting, Sunday being our regu- 
lar appointment. One of our elders, Jacob 
Brown, was present Saturday evening and 
preached on Sunday. He then took leave of 
lis, leaving with us his best wishes and pray- 
ers, which always helps the Christian in his 
warfare. I then stayed with the brethren, 
commencing with small congregations, but 
the interest kept increasing so much so, that 
the Brethren did not feel like closing at the 
time that was set. I had promised my fami- 
ly that I would be home the second Monday, 
so I have returned, feeling thankful to the 
good Lord that all were well. Bro. John 
Mark, the minister that resides there, con- 
ducted the meetings till my return. I ex- 
pect to go back to-morrow, and stay over 
next Sabbath. The reason of our congrega- 
tion being rather small, is, there were meet- 
ings in session one mile east, and one mile 
west of here, and three north, which had 
commenced some three weeks previous. 

Simon Long. 

From Gettysburg - , O.— Jan. 26. 

We have just closed a series of meetings 
in the Oakland church. Bro Joseph Holder 
came to us on the 11th and stayed till the 
21st, preaching in all nineteen sermons. — 
Bro. Joseph held forth the Word with power, 
so that saints were made to weep and sinners 
to tremble. Very good interest was mani- 
fested, and at night we had a packed house. 

Four precious souls came forward and had 
their names inscribed in the Limb's Book of 
Life. Quite a large congregation gathered 
at the river-side, as they never saw any one 
baptized where the ice had to be cut about a 
foot thick. I was made to rejoice to see the 
solemnity of the congregation and felt that 
many more were almost persuaded, but like 
Felix of old, they were waiting for a more 
convenient season. May the Lord reward 
and bless Bro. Joseph for his labor of love 
while with us. M: L. Hardman. 

List of Moneys Received at This Office. 


Mary C. Harvie, Va $ 15 

Z. Henricks, Mo 55 

D. M. Puterbaugh, Ind 10 

James N. Miller, 111 2 50 

W. A. Maust, Minn 3 00 

A Sister, unknown, Pa 1 00 

David Flory, Ind 50 

W. H. Gift, 111 30 

J. M. Cripe, Ind 50 

Jacob Appier, Kan 30 

Mollie Swank, O 75 

Charles Albright, O 10 

Levi Garber, Ya 80 

Sarah Slifer, Mo 50 

Wm. Holsinger, Kan 75 

Win. Mallory, Va : 1 00 

J. W.Price, 111... -50 

Previously reported $71 15 

Total received $84 75 

Twenty-four names on poor-list since 

December 15th to January 31st. . 24 00 

Amount previously reported $103 45 

Total amount papers sent 127 45 


Caroline De Haven, Kan $ 50 

Sister Stauffer, Pa 50 

James N. Miller, 111.... 2 50 

Sam'l. Ross 1 00 

L. S.Snyder, la 1 40 

DP. Wine, Va 90 

J. E. Gnagy, Md 3 30 

J. S. Peebler, Neb 50 

A Sister, unknown, Pa 5 00 

Previously reported 2 07 

Remitted to J. Quinter, Treasurer, 

Jan. 31st, 1884 $17 67 


J. E. Gnagy, Md $3 00 

George Renner, W. Ter 40 

Total $3 40 


James N. Miller, 111 $2 50 

■ ^ i 

As the man of pleasure, by a vain attempt 
to be more happy than any man can be, is 
often more miserable than most men are, so 
the skeptic, in a vain attempt to be wise be- 
yond what is permitted to man, plunges into 
a darkness more deplorable and a blindness 
more incurable than that of the common herd, 
whom he despises and would fain instruct. 
For the more precious the gift, the more per- 
nicious ever will be the abuse of it; as the 
most powerful medicines are the most danger- 
ous if misapplied, no error is so remediless 
as that which arises, not from the exclusion 
of wisdom, but from its perversion. 


Please announce that the District Meeting 
of Northern Indiana, will be held at Pleasant 
Valley church, Elkhart Co., Ind., the first day 
of May, 1884, commencing at 9 A. M. All 
going on the C. W. & M. R. R, will be taken 
to Middlebury Station at half fare. 

Jesse Calvert. 

German Members. 

I WANT our brethren and sisters to send 
me all the names of persons who they think 
would like to read our German paper. There 
are hundreds of our'German brethren and 
sisters and friends that we desire to reach, 
and we think the best way to do this, is for 
our English brethren to take hold and help 
us. There is so much being done in Eng- 
lish that I fear we are not doing our duty 
towards our Gei'man members and outsiders. 
Think of this. Address, J. M. Snyder, Grun- 
dy Center, la. 

From Wilniot, Ohio.— Jan. 121, 

A kind friend of mine has introduced me 
to the Gospel Messenger by paying a year's 
subscription and having the paper sent me 
for that time. I think it is an excellent re- 
ligious periodical that speaks to a purpose, 
"rightly dividing the truth." I have received 
several numbers and the better I become ac- 
quainted with it, the batter I like to read it. 
Please find enclosed an essay which I have 
written, and if you deem it worthy of publica- 
tion, my labor will not have been in vain. 

E. A. Gilmore. 

From Woodland Church, 111.— Jan. 21, 

Four more young people united with our 
church; were baptized by Eld. S. D. flamm, 
on the 20th. Thus, when faith is strong 
enough to bring the people to his command- 
ments, the cold weather or ice does not 
hinder them; they are all young, and have a 
glorious future before them. May they be 
shining lights in our church, and work for 
the glory of God's Kingdom. We are in 
peace, yet have our conflicts with the adver- 
sary, and therefore would ask the prayers of 
the people of God. Cyrus Bucher. 

Heine on the Bible. 

The witty scholar and "literateur," Hein- 
rich Heine, speaking of his return to the Bi- 
ble and its sources of consolation in the last 
years of his life, uses this language: 

"The re-awakening of my religious feel- 
ings I owe to that holy book, the Bible. As- 
tonishing, that after I have whirled about all 
my life over all the dance-floors of philoso- 
phy and yielded myself to all the orgies of 
the intellect, and paid my addresses to all 
possible systems without satisfaction, 1 like 
Messalina after a licentious night, I now find 
myself on the same stand- point where Uncle 
Tom stands — on that of the Bible. I kneel 
down by my black brother in the same pray- 
er! What a humiliation! With all my sci- 
ence I have come no further than the poor, 
/'Continued on Supplement) 



From the Canton Church, Stark Co., O. 
Ian. 33rd, 

I WILL inform the many readers of the 

- EL Messenger that on the oth of Jau., 

Edward Loomis, of New Philadelphia, 0., 

came t for us. On the evening of the 

ind morning of the 6th he preached at the 

fcre meeting-house. He then' came up to 
sant meeting-house and commenc- 
E meetings on the 6th and con- 
tinued until the evening of the 11th. In the 
.:e week the weather was very in- 
clement, -now so deep that the congre- 

we had very good 
'. we always felt that it was "good 
for us to be there." He was then called 
e by his family, and we were sorry to see 
him go, the weather being quite moderate 
and thee itions increasing. The meet- 

; continued till the evening of the 13tb> 
Bro. Reuben Shroyer having come also; he is 
mg man and does well for one so young 
in years and office. Bro. Price, of Mich., also 
attended some of our meetings and gave us 
. counsel. Let us now not be forgetful 
-rs of the beautiful truths proclaim- 
ed by oar Brethren, but let us be doers of 
the same, and we shall be happy here and in 
Zvlay God abundantly reward them 
for rheir labors here and finally save us all. is 
our prayer. Angeline B. Summers. 

From Vernon, Garfield Co., W.T.— Jan. 18. 

Doubtless some readers would like to see 
something in the Messenger from this far 
-rn country. So far we have had a beau- 
tiful Winter. The coldest was four degrees 
above zero, and the average for the last month, 
evenings and mornings, was about thirty-one 
and a half degrees above. This is a good 
stock country, and good for all kinds of small 
grain; and for fruit and vegetables. The 
people are healthy in this part of the country. 
The country is fast being settled. We should 
: j have some ministers locate amongst us. 
Cinnot some of the eastern churches, that 
have as high as eight to ten at one meeting, 
. as two according to the apostolic order: 
is a good field; members are scattered 
jgh three different counties, Garfield, Co- 
lumbia and Assotin. Will not some make 
..eir minds to come for the sake of the 
The Gospel Messenger is a 
isitor in onr family; we wish it 
abundant success, and pray God that he will 
3 the managers aright. A. E. Troyer. 

From Ozawkie, Kansas. 

We ha . a large comfortable build- 

number about one hundred and thir- 
ty. A brunch of our church is located at Mo- 
nty miles distant, and many 
of our mem;, very much scattered, 

odiy number trying to keep the 
3; trying to show by an 
upright walk and < >n that they are fit 

of the Holy Spirit. 
>] <; one another to 
rks. \V< / da weekly so- 

meeting from house to 
much encouraged by the 

growing interest manifested each week. Aft 
er singing and a few prayers, a chapter is read 
(selected the previous week), and all present 
are desired to take part by giving their views 
on the main topics contained therein. After 
they have been duly discussed, then it is in 
order for each one to repeat a verse of Script- 
ure, of their own selection. Here are a few 
specimens: ".He that believeth and is baptized 
shall be saved," 'Jesus wepi" "Behold! how 
good and how pleasant it is for Brethren to 
dwell together in unity," etc. After singing 
and prayers, Ave close, greeting one another as 
we are enjoined to do. Dear brethren and 
sisters, let us not neglect the assembling of 
ourselves together as the manner of some is. 
My prayer is that we may all grow in grace 
and spiritual knowledge daily, 

W. G. Wright. 

From Westville, Champaign Co., Ohio. 
—Jan. 23. 

As you have stopped my paper, and I feel 
lost without it, so I have sent you the proper 
amount for another 'year's subscription. I 
cannot get along without the Gospel Mes- 
senger. • Last year it was b donation to me 
from a friend. I am a lonely sister living 
away from any of the Brethren's churches, 
and I don't know of any in Champaign Co. 
My nearest place of meeting is Covington in 
Miami Co., thirty miles off. I go to hear th 6 
preacher, once in a while, of the M. E. 
Church and Old School Baptists. There are 
also Universalists here. I hope that some of 
our ministers will take a notion to come in here 
and try to build up a church. I think mis- 
sionaries could do a good work in this part of 
Ohio. I believe in missionary work, and I 
think it is very much neglected by the Breth- 
ren. We need more of the good work. I 
still give my paper to my neighbors to read, 
so that they can see what our church is built 
on. Mrs. S. A. Croft. 

From Rodney, McCosta Co., Mich. 
-Jan. 20. 

I will send you tidings from the North 
Woods. I will inform you how we got our 
first meeting, up here in the northern woods 
of Michigan. The' Lord sent two shepherds, 
brethren Albaugh and Baker, to look up 
some stray sheep. One Matthew Holsworth 
lived here three years. The Brethren held 
their first meeting on the second of Dec, and 
continued till the fourth, when three were bap- 
tized, one brother and two sisters. On the 
fifth, the brethren started for their homes, 
leaving good impressions on the minds of the 
people. On the 18th of Dec, Bro. Kairigh 
visited us and held three meetings, but on 
account of unpleasant weather there was 
not much of a rriove made. But on the 12th 
of Jan., we were revisited by brethren Al- 
baugh and Baker, who held meetings till on 
15th, when the writer of this article and his 
companion, and a daughter of brother Hol- 
worth's were baptized. On the 18th two more 
came out to follow our example, and on the 
'20th two more were immersed. This certain- 
ly is rejoicing. I presume it will not cause 

hard feelings to state that out the of ten, nine 
were formerly sprinkled with w&t-r; two 
were of Catholic faith, two Scotch descent* 
five of Lutheran faith, and one was a non- 
professor. The oldest one received into the 
church is a sister seventy-five years old, the 
youngest is a sister fourteen years old. 
Hoping that the Brethren will remember us 
in their prayers, sve invite them to come again. 
William F. Johnson. 

From Goshen, lud. — Jan. Hi. 

We closed an interesting series of meeting 
last night. Brethren Isaac and Isaiah Rair- 
igh came to our congregation Jan: 1st, and 
preached at Pine Creek, until the Oil.. One 
was received by baptism. The brethren then 
came to the Goshen meeting-house, and 
preached until last night. Light mere were 
made willing to come out on the Lord's 
and were baptized. We hope many more are 
counting the cost, and will come soon. The 
Brethren have done a good w r ork among us, 
giving us many admonitions and warnings. 
God bless them for their labors. 

Salome He 

From Girard, 111. 

From Lanark, 111.— Jau. 14. 

We are all in peace and harmony in this part 
of the vineyard. Our elder, Daniel Yani- 
man, is not with us much, on account of calls 
elsewhere. But we hope to see him by the 
2nd of next month, which is the time for our 
quarterly council-meeting. It is also the 
usual time for re-organizing of the Sunday 
School. We should like to have some more 
information on S. S. work. We should be 
pleased to hear from those who are experienc- 
ed in such work to give us their me: 
through the medium of the Gospel Me 
ger. Geo. W. Gil - n. 

Allow me to call the attention of all lov- 
ers of peace in the family, in the world at 
large, and especially in the household of 
faith, to a most peculiar and pleasant episode 
in the history of the Lanark congregation. — 
Herself and all surrounding churches being 
cognizant of the fact that, ever since a 
the fourth of June last, her sky was over- 
cast with ominous clouds, threatenir ■_ 
struction to liberty, life and lov<r, the first 
peal thundered about the fourth of Septem- 
ber following, while December fourth marks 
the most critical period of her checkered his- 
tory, and ever since she has trembled h c a 
centre to circumference, for lire and sx - 
but now (happy thought), the storm is over, 
justice and right triumphed; abetter and ho- 
lier feeling prevails than for years, and may 
God grant a still larger increase of love, and 
true, vital, Christian piety to the entire mem- 
bership. Never before did I see so general 
a feeling of satisfaction as a result from 
church w r ork, especially if executive power 
and unlimited jurisdiction be delegate 
adjoining elders, as in the case undej 
eration. "Where there is a will, there is a 
way," and the more of the Lord's will is in- 
corporated in such work, and the less of our 



vills, the better will be the way. And let 
ne here say that for every dollar used, for 
svery hour spent, and for every prayer of- 
ered, a ten-fold blessiEg is this day realized 
md enjoyed by all lovers of peace, harmony, 
md good-will to all, in and by the happy 
Lanark church. D.. A. Light y. 

From Dunkirk, O. 

The Brethren in the Pleasant Kidge church 
di the north-east portion of Eagle Creek 
District, have held their series of meetings, 
which commenced December 22nd, and clos- 
ed January 4th. Bro. Jacob Heistand con- 
ducted the meetings. The Gospel was 
preached in simplicity and to general ac- 
ceptance. The attendance was good through- 
out the meetings. Four precious souls were 
converted from the error of their ways. — 
Saints and angels were made to rejoice in 
seeing these four tender lambs refuse to bear 
Satan's yoke longer, and take upon them the 
yoke of Jesus. Oh, brethren, let us care more 
for these lambs of the flock. "What respon- 
sibilities there are resting upon us, in bring- 
ing up our children in the nurture and ad- 
monition of the Lord ! Whether they are in 
or out of the church, let us not bring up 
our children in the fashions of the world. — 
Teach them that it is wrong to follow the 
fashions which are ever changing; let us 
teach them that the Scriptures recommend 
modest apparel, and forbid costly array; let 
us teach them that God hates pride and that 
it is wrong to offend God. Parents if we do 
not gather our children around the family 
altar, and teach them God's Word, and sing 
and pray with them, and try to lead them to 
Jesus, may they not, on the Judgment Day, 
stand up and say, "I am lost, mother, and you 
are to blame, for in my young and tender 
years, when you could have led me different- 
ly, you decorated my body with flounces, 
feathers, and ribbons, and all the foolish 
fashions, and when I got older I began to 
love them, and was led away by my fashion- 
able associates, and now I am lost, and you 
are to blame" ? When that separation shall 
be made, the sheep on the right, the goats on 
the left, may not our children rise up among 
the goats and say, "I am doomed to everlast- 
ing punishment, and you are to blame for it, 
father, for you never gathered us around the 
family altar, and prayed with us, nor taught 
us to pray, nor talked to us about the love of 
Jesus-? Ftither, you never gave me any en- 
couragement to join the church, when we 
were down in that world of probation. I was 
convicted of my sins, and wanted to join the 
church, and you spoke discouragingly 
about it to me, and told me 1 was too young ; 
you cannot hold out, you cannot give up the 
fashions of the world, and so I waited until 
I got older, and then I was led' away by my 
gay associates, and never retraced my steps; 
I went with the goats ever after, and you nev- 
er sought to get me into the fold, where I 
might have been protected. I associated 
with them then, and I am compelled to be 
with them now, and soon shall hear my doom, 
Depart into everlasting punishment; and you, 

father, are to blame." Oh, in the name of 
God! I ask fathers and mothers. What are we 
doing for our children? Are we sitting with 
our arms folded, while Satan is binding them 
fast in iron chains? Are we. fondling with 
that poisonous reptile, fashion, until our 
children shall be held fast by his charms. — 
Oh may God help us to put our feet upon it 
and stamp it into the earth, before it has ru- 
ined our children, and destroyed the church. 

J. E. Spacht. 

F'-oia San Bernardino, Cal.— Jan. 1-4. 

We are still at this point; have an enjoy- 
able time. How can it be otherwise, here in 
this lovely climate? The days are fair and 
warm, the people work out in their shirt 
sleeves every day. We have been driving 
around in the country, to different localities. 
It is surprising, the difference in climate 
even within a few miles. In the low, flat, 
damp lands, there have been frosts for some- 
time, killing tender vines and vegetation, but 
on the more elevated lands, especially near 
the foot of the mountains, we find green peas, 
potatoes, and tomatoes, fresh and growing 
finely. We gathered yesterday, nice, fresh 
flowers, growing wild, showing that not the 
least bit of frost is known in certain locali- 
ties. In some places, along the foot of hills 
peach trees are in bloom. The earliest fruits 
are grown in those favored localities. The 
lowlands where it is more damp and frosty, 
oranges, lemons, and limes do not do so well, 
hence are not much planted. Yet, all other 
kinds of fruit, except cherries, do well, and 
extensive orchards are seen all through the 
settled sections. The cherry does well in 
the mountains, where the heat in Summer is 
not so great. All along the base of the foot- 
hills and for several miles out and on all 
elevated lands, the orange and kindred cit- 
rous fruits do well, as do also all the other 

This region of Southern California has 
some superior advantages, being almost sur- 
rounded by mountains, and water is more 
abundant than in some other localities. Wa- 
ter is everything, so to speak, here, worth 
more than land. Ditches lined with rock and 
cement are built, so there will be no waste of 
water. An interest in a ditch carrying 300 
inches of water, so that a farmer can use the 
water one hour every ninth day, will cost 
from $300 to $400 dollars, but then it is per- 
petual, and there is no more expense for wa- 
ter, only a small tax to keep the ditch in re- 
pair. Such an interest will be sufficient for 
from five to ten acres, depending upon what 
crops are raised. Citrous fruits recyuire 
double the water other fruits do, and some 
crops more than others. Here, like else- 
where in this coast country, land is high, 
from $100 to $200 per acre, with water suffi- 
cient for it. In the lowlands mentioned 
above, irrigation is not practiced, or but little, 
and there artesian wells flow anywhere want- 
ed. All along the mountains in these favor- 
ed localities, the raisin grapes do re- 
in arkably well and are being extensively rais- 

We had a pleasant drive with brother and 
his family, up into the mountains, seven 
miles, to the Arrowhead Hot Sulphur Springs. 
The name originates from a peculiar patch 
or spot on the face of the mountain, it being 
bare of vegetation, and in the shape of a flint 
arrowhead, which can be seen for many miles. 
The water of the springs, which are on a 
high beach,* overlooking the valley, is so hot 
that one cannot drink it fresh from the 
spring. But poor accommodations have been 
prepared for visitors, but now a very large 
hotel is being put up. The mud baths are 
something not often met with, and are rath- 
er peculiar. To take one, the patient is plac- 
ed in a long hole cut in the ground, in a 
house that has no floor, and stiff, warm mud 
is packed around him, even up to the neck, 
and he is thus left for an hour or more. I 
saw one fellow in the bath thus arranged; he 
told me the bath was death to rheumatism. — ■ 
After coming out he washes off under a show- 
er-bath of hot water. I was satisfied to take 
a stream bath in a small room immediitely 
over one of the boiling springs. At another 
point, nearer town, there is going to be a 
large hotel resort put up. The town is hav- 
ing a building boom, and contains at present 
over 3000 inhabitants, of different nationali- 
ties. J. S. Floby. 

From the Owl Creek Church, Knox Co., 
Ohio.— Jan. 28. 

On the 20th Bro. Lincoln Allenburg, from 
Loudonville, BichlandCo., held two meetings 
for us at North Liberty, and on the 27th Bro. 
H. M. Baker, from West Newton, Hardin 
Co., Ohio, preached two very interesting ser- 
mons. May the Lord bless them is my pray- 
er. S. J. Workman. 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A rrligious weekly, published in the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist chuich, is an uncompro- 
mising advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 
cient puritv. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace of God is the onlv source of pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption : 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins: 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Baptism: 

That Feet- Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church : 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion With the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the day : 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Chan- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Conformity to the world in dress, customss 
daily walk and conversation is essential to true holiness 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 

It also advocates the scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
flicting theories aud discords of modern Christendom, to 
point out ground that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
Morris, Ogle Co., 111., or Box 50, Huntingdon, Pa. 



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send for circulars and sell Victor Liver 
Pain Balm, Cough Syrup. Infants' 
Liver Pills aud Liniment. Addi 

P.O. Box 531. 1 

Some of the Many Letters lie- 
ceived by Us. 

Lacey Springs. Bockingh.V3i 
Dec. -IL :- 

Gentlemen: — The Medicine >ou 
was duly receive.:. 

to use. especially, the Health Restorer, 
Peerless liniment, and Compt 
Syrup of Wild Cherr\ 

ncy in .acknowledging their sn] 
for the purpose for which tl 
recommended. P 

ties of Peerless Unimctii and Teeth- 
ing Syrup were given, readily attest their 

A lady who has been a great sufferer from 
Neuralgia for years pronounces Peerless 
liniment the' most comr. rorof 

that excruciating torture, she t .. 
addition to the excellence of your Medicines 
they are exceedingly palatable. 

Yours very respect;" 

Bev. j. vr. f-, . 


: Brethren's Y^ '>r<*9m 

to do firsl pi 

• o J 


■ -?cM 

and business can :<-T ^ 

as foi -. 



While yon af 

the pi o to inform 


their Preventive, To- 

• i 
Bowel and Urinar; 

worker foi 


Same • 

Dr. Peter Fahrney, Chicago! 


The following schedule - 
the Euntiegdor. 
B. on Monday, May 14 
leave soexn. 
p. M. 

6 05 8 35 .. Huntingdon.. 

' S3 
6 43 9 15 ... Coff 12 

9 21 Bough and Beady 


■ - 


8 05 1 

1100 ... 

1 . 

E 1 " 



On Monday. June 5th, 1&52, the foUowing 
schedule went into effect on the Pennsylvania 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittsbgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 T. M 1 R5 P. M, 

Mail 2 13 P. M 8 50 A. M. 

Fast Line 6 00 P. M 11 30 A.M. 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Fhil'da. 

Johnsfn Esp'ss, 9 00 A. M ?r 

Day Express. . . . 1 25 P. M 

: S50P.M. H*bg., 730P.M. 

Mail Express . ...S 05 P. M 2 55 A.M. 

J. B . WOOD. 
CHAS. E. PUGH, Gen'IPass. Ag't. 

Gon'l Manager. 


The following schedule went into effect or 
the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Rail- 
way ou May 27, 1883. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr. Chicago 

Day Express +7 57 A. M 

Mail Express... *1 22 P. M 8 50 A. M 

d Exp'ss,*8 57 P. M 10 i i A. ML 

Fast Lino §11 42 P. M 6 55 P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago, (city time) for Pitts- 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chicago. Arr. Pittsb'gh 

Day Express.... t8 40 A. M 6 12 A. M - 

d Kxp'ss.*5 00 P. M f> 57 A. M. 

Mail Express. ..*5 40 P. M 2 

ine *il 30 P. M 7 57 P. M. 

*Daily. tDaily, except Sunday. §Daily. 
except Saturday . 


ped a: 

the \ 
It i 

lag, Nebras 

Omaha. Denver, Le.. 
ids, D 

the Territories and the West. Also 
waukee. Green Bay. 
Mar;.- . ". du Lac. W 

It U I 

ota, Dakota. Wisconsin an 

and North- 
f rom and arrive a 

At Chicago, close 
with the 

timore ^ Ohio. Ft. Wayne and E 
and Chicago & I 
Kankakee and Pan Handle R 
•connection made at Jnncfion r 
the only line running ! 
Cars, West or North-v 
man Slee; are on all 
, Insist upon T . 

^rs vi: - 

to buy if th 
and Ni 

^P"Ii you 
route, am' wiU tak 

All Ticket Agents sell Ti • 
W. P. 
J. D. LAYNG. Gen. Pass 

Gen. Sup' r, Chicago 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." * 

Entered at the Post-Office at Mt. Morris, 
as Second Cla6s Matter. 


Vol. 22, Old Series. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 12, 1884. 

No'. 7. 


H. B. BliDMBAUGH, Editob, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern House, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Bko. J. M. Mohler expects to spend 
bout a mouth in laboring for tlie Brethren 
f Blair Co., Pa. We hope that he may 
ave abundant success in bringing souls to 
hrist. . 

Bro. James Cassaday, of Markleysburg, 
a., informs us that they commenced a series 
f meetings at the Pleasant View church 
,; bout the 14fch of Feb. Bro. Solomon Buck- 
tew is expected and other laborers are invi- 

Brethren Samuel H. Utz and Jeremiah 
3rown, of the Upper Middletown Y alley con- 
regation, gave the Brethren near Ellerton, 
id, a week's preaching. The church there 
3 in peace and union. So reports brother 
I. Grossnickle. 

Bko. Jacob Kintner, of Sherwood, Ohio, 
as been unable, on account of being sick, to 
ttend church or do any preaching for five 
eeks, but has the assistance of the Will- 
ams Co. brethren, until he can get out 
gain. He reports the mercury from 30 to 
2 degrees below zero. 

The subject for our last prayer-meeting 
ras: "Do it with thy might." It was season- 
ble and developed some very important 
ruths. In life we all have a great work to 
o, and as we have only a short time in which 
o do it', it is important that we do it with 
ur might. 

One thousand more subscribers wanted for 
he Young Disciple. Only 50 cents a year for 

weekly paper that should be in every fami- 
y where there are children. Parents, send 
or it. Your children should read it and we 
leed your patronage to make it pay expenses, 
twenty-live 2-cent stamps will pay for it a 
vhole year. If you have no children of your 
>wn, send fifty cents and have it sent to some 
30or children. 

The . Ladies' Christian Temperance Union 
leld a meeting in our city last week and we 
ire sorry that we did not have the time to 
ittend its sessions as we would like to have 
one. With the session we attended we were 
veil pleased. They seem to be earnest work- 
3rs and our pra y er is ; that God will own and 
bless every effort made towards diminishing 
the works of the terrible destroyer, intem- 
perance, that is so ruthlessly blighting the 
bud and blossom of our land. 

Sister Itosa Detrick, of South Arlington, 
Ohio, under date of Jan. 27, says, that they 
just closed a very interesting series of meet- 
ings conducted by Bro^ Landon West. The 
meetings commenced on New Year's night 
and continued for twenty days. Five made 
the good confession and were baptized. 

For. over eight weeks the ground has been 
continually covered with snow and the roads 
have been in most excellent condition for 
sleighing, which no doubt has afforded much 
enjoyment to those who possessed the neces- 
sary equipments. But in all this time "v\e 
had the pleasure of but one ride. So much 
for being an editor and being tied down to a 
writing-desk as if life depended on it: But 
still we enjoy it because others are made 
happy by it. 

We had the pleasure last week, of meeting 
Mrs. Ames and Puncheon of the Philadel- 
phia Children's Aid Society. They came to 
visit the Home at this place, and offered 
terms of co-operation which may prove to be 
quite an advantage, as co-operation is quite 
an important feature in a work of this kind. 
When we say we had the pleasure of meet- 
ing the above-named ladies, we mean just 
what we say, as it surely was a pleasure to 
meet with them. Truly, we as a people 
know but little about Christian philanthropy 
in its wide sense. In some future number 
we hope to be able to give something on this 
subject that will give us a better idea of the 
work that is to do for the unfortunate and 
the fallen. 

It is with considerable interest that we 
follow the lives of those who have been with 
us and so often enjoyed the Gospel ministra- 
tion in the Normal Chapel. The sowing 
and reaping sometimes follow each other in 
rapid succession, but this is not always the 
case, and indeed it sometimes becomes a 
question whether, in some cases, there will 
ever be a reaping from Gospel sowing. In 
other cases, one sows and another reaps. In 
this the sower rejoices with, the reaper. At 
our last prayer-meeting, Bro. Swigart said 
that he had just received a letter from a 
young man who, in referring to a late meet- 
ing held in Ya., during which quite a num- 
ber enlisted in the good cause, said:— 
"Among that number were myself and wife." 
As both of them were formerly students of 
the Normal it was very pleasant news indeed. 
Not that their being at the Normal made 
them any better subjects for heaven than 
others, but because we had learned to know 
them and felt a deep interest in their future 

It is true that one-half of the world does 
not know how the other half lives. There is 
untold destitution and misery all around us, 
and yet it is known only by the few. This 
is especially so in regard to children. There 
are thousands ol these little waifs brought 
into the world that are dependent entirely 
upon the philanthropy of the few. Unless 
they are taken hold of by charity, they must 
either perish for want of food or clothing, or 
grow up in the world only to curse it and 
perpetuate crime. The number of this class 
of children is growing, and the only hope is 
to work at the source. Charity to the little 
ones will do the work indirectly but slowly. 

We get frequent calls for brethren to come 
and preach at points where the doctrine, as 
held by the Brethren, is not known. Breth- 
ren move out from organized churches and 
settle down in localities where there are no 
members. The first desire of such members 
is to have brethren come and preach for 
them. A call is made and if not attended to, 
a coldness follows which often ends in es- 
trangement from the church. Bro. E. A. 
Crawford of Osage, Mitchell Co., Iowa, 
makes a call for preaching; says, there are 
four there now that had been members. If 
such calls are not attended to, this falling 
away will continue. Christ's mission was 
partly to seek after those who went astray 
and such should be our mission. Go, go! 

The other afternoon we took a run up to 
Altoona to see how the Brethren there were 
getting along with their new church. The 
house is a substantially built frame, two sto- 
ries high with a cellar for the heater. On 
the first story is the chapel or Sunday- 
school room, a council room and a small 
kitchen or cooking room. They are nicely 
finished and well adapted to the purposes in- 
tended. On the second floor is the main 
audience room which is nicely but plainly 
finished. It is all completed except the seat- 
ing, which is expected to be done by the 17th, 
the time of opening. The house, when paid 
for, will be an honor to the church and to the 
liberal hearts that will help the Brethren 
there, through with it. Every church in the 
Middle District of Pa., should have an inter- 
est in this house and should feel that they 
have not performed their duty until the last 
cent is paid. Our District should build such 
a house in some city or town every year. Li, 
would only be a pittance for each church, and 
yet an uutold amount of good might be ac- 
complished in this way. Brethren and sis- 
ters, let us do all the good we can, for our 
time, at longest, cannot be long. 




m thyself approred unto God, a workman that 
ceedeth not be ashamed, ricluly dividing the 
Word of Truth. 



i-o?, rny times are in thy bands, 
Moments, and days, and years, 

A little store of joy to come, ' 
And still uncoui ted tears. 

Aiy tunes are m thy hands, ray God, 

I would mt if I m.ig . 
Pate in my own the slipping sands, 

Oi be they dark or bright. 

If life should grow too burdensome. 
And seem too long to J as t, 

1 might was spendthrift of thy gifts, 
And let them slip too fast, 

And miss thereby some grace, thy love 

Had. kept in store for me: 
Or leave unfilled, perchance, come spot 

I might have dressed for Thee. 

Or if the glistening sands should grow 

Too dear to eye and touch, 
I might wax miserly, and hoard 

Thy bounty up too much, 

And so delay the happy hours, 

That brings chy kingdom in, 
When I shall praise thee without pause, 

Ai.d serve thee without sin. 

Choose then for me the time to sleep, 

Or morn, or afternoon; 
Thy service cannot last too long, 

Thy glory come too soon. 

Nor would I farther setk to pry 

Within thy closed hands, 
To learn what share of weal and woe 

Thy love for me hath planned. 

It is enough, that wrought by thee, 

TamiJii to thine eyes, 
My still unfinished life to-day, 

A finished story lies. 

It is enough, that in those hands 

Its lowliest care may be 
A round to lift me higher heaven, 

And lead me nearer thee. 

1 would not sway with fingers blind 

The balances divine, 
Where perfect love and righteousness 

Mete out my rue and win-. 

Content to leave whatever remains 

Of lite's short span to me, 
Where I have placed, without a doubt, 

My soul's eternity. 

0, hands that cannot fail of good, 
That cannot err in skill, 

u bands! wounded for my sake, 
J pray you work your will. 

My times are in thy hands, Q Christ. 

Or here, or there, as one 
Living, or dying, hold mine fast, 
Fast hold, Almighty Son. 
lou " . 

^ » » 


BY C. H. GH. 

To Brother and Sister Hoxie, of Oregon: — 

All roy former 1 fitters to you have dealt 
..sivelywitb and their ap] 

may seem less of that char- 

r, but it is l, o in reality. There 

othing absolutely individual or isolated 

•; Universe God's system, as a whole, 

is as closely and vitally articulated as the hu- 
man body, or any other living organization. 
Science is as truly a Divine mode of reveal- 
ing Kis mind, as the Bible. Science, falsely 
so called, is wise in facts and very foolish in 
deductions. It fights the Bible furiously 
and yet brings overwhelming corroborations 
of its authenticity. Every year it yields fresh 
testimony that there is a God and that "the 
Volume of the Book" is his inditement. 

God declares facts and issues command- 
ments without unveiling scientific mysteries 
underlying them. The prophets knew not 
how great were their predictions. In Leviti- 
cus, 25th chapter, we have the record of the 
Sabbaths which the Lord appointed for the 
fields of the chosen seed. Every seven days 
a Sabbath for man, and every seven years a 
Sabbath for the land. 

The world belongs to God as well as man. 
Physics and ethics are complementai. This 
great, globular footstool of Jehovah is not a 
random collection of atoms. Its physical ar- 
rangements are woven into the moral destiny 
of the race. It testifies everywhere to the 
Divine wisdom and purpose. Palestine is a 
wonderful spot in this wonderful world, pre- 
pared from the beginning for a wonderful 
people with a wonderful history. God chose 
nominations out of his own vocabulary to 
give us the true import of that elect territo- 
ry on which the sublime mundane transac- 
tions of redemption should occur. 

"Thou shalt be called Hephzibah, and thy 
land Beulah." Isa. 62: I. To understand 
this is to experience the very heart beats of 
the Everlasting God. Married to Jehovah, 
delighted in by Him, embraced and embo- 
somed by Him, thrilled forever and ever by 
the wedded endearments of saint and Em- 
manuel — this is Hephzibah, this is Beulah. 

Palestine was created for Israel, and Isra- 
el was prepared for his home. The two. were 
espoused in Eternity before either was. The 
milk-and-honey home moulded the character 
of the people, and the people transformed 
their God-given Garden. When the founda- 
tions of the world were laid, Palestine was 
built for the greatest ends ever revealed to 
man. It was hedged in on all sides for the 
reception and education of a people to whom 
God committed a special charge which was to 
issue in blessing to all nations and tongues 
and kindreds. 

It was the very focus of the mutual inter- 
course and interests of the surrounding na- 
tions, and yet so fortified and enriched that 
God could keep his chosen for the consum- 
mation of his great world-purpose. It was 
Heaven's vineyard in the wilderness, a new 
Eden for the regeneration of the world. Ag- 
riculture, not commerce, is the Heaven-print- 
ed volume of parables for the schooling of 
the elect in the great thoughts of God. The 
Jews were made farmers by nature aud Him 
who owns nature. They were a corporate 
Adam to keep and dress their new garden. — 
Palestine is so geographized as to represent 
the world in its scenery, climate, and produc- 
tions. It was the world epitomized. 

God gave his people a year Sabbath as well 
as a day Sabbath, the physical necessity of 

which has been elucidated by sciet' 
ery seventh year was holy unto the Lord. 
Six days of toil and then a day of rest, fc 
years of agricultural industry and then o 
whole year of repose for the land. Natt 
must have a Sabbath as well as man. H 
many of oar readers allow their stomach? 
rest day? 

Palestine is God's preacher to our palat< 
but we are as self-indulgent and stiff-neck 
as the Jews. Fasting is as essential U. 
highest development as the Sabbath. T 
seventh day, seventh month, and seven 
year were sacred. Especially so w 
completion of the cycle seven times seven, 
year of jubilee. Individual rest, family ai 
farm-rest, commonwealth rest. They, as w< 
as we, had to be taught that "man liveth n 
by bread alone, but by every word the. 
ceedeth out of the mouth of God." 

The soil of Palestine is peculiar, suited 
a peculiar people, whose purpose in tl 
world's history could not have been a 
phshed anywhere else. In those primiti 
times, they never suspected that a urn 
method of agriculture would extrac: | 

elements from the soil and leave it dead ar 
unproductive. Six years was 'd= ioDg 
would bear without exhaustion. Th 
must have a Sabbath of rest. At first, the 
heeded this fundamental law. But whe 
money-greed and self-interest gained the a 
cendency, they kept on torturing the boso; 
of mother earth till her breasts were dr 
and then God had to send them into e 
ty for the double purpose of hastisemei 
and reformation, and to give the land th 
: benefit of it3 Sabbaths. 

To fill their coffers they impoverish- 
soil, cheated their own souls, offended Go 
and drew upon themselves his rightec 
ribution. Is there not a lesson here for us 
! Is not covetousness the curse or 
dom? ATammon has a hundred worsl. - 
in the church, where God has one. 
more interest in the soil than in the son. th 
market has more attraction than the san 

But the Sabbath year had a higher tha:, 
merely maternal intent. Upon the plr 
were based important moral objects. Th 
land not only required repose and the bodj 
; recuperation, but the mind and dispc 
needed rigorous training in relation to prop 
erty. The sense of earthly possession de 
manded checking. "The love of moi. 
the root of all evil." They were to be edu 
cated in the spirit of self-sacrifice, so te . 
prepare a public sentiment for the rece 
of the coming Me. siah. 

We are all ready to step from pove: I 
opulence, but who is magnanimous enougl 
to impoverish himself for slaves and pan 
pers? Step by step the world had to be ele 
vated to this idea. Christ was its perfec 
embodiment, and the lineage of Abrahan 
was the precursor. The septennial . st 

was a "Sabbath far the L The s i 

was then to be tilled and harvest 
ed in a prolonged keeping of Taberoael 

All Palestine was then to be ar. 
sacrifice; and the whole nation was to live hi 



death, going back into the ante-apostate 
Eden and forward into the restored Paradise 
of the Second Adam. The Sabbatical sep- 
tennial was a faith-year, and things unseen 
and eternal eclipsed things seen and tempo- 
ral. All time is God's, but he claims only a 
seventh as exclusively dedicated to his serv- 
ice, apart from the worship that attaches to 
secular employments. 

"The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness 
thereof," but he claims it specially only one 
year in seven for its own and our good. Sin 
has forfeited not only all claims to life, but 
to all means of living. Every handful of 
earth and every mouthful of food we owe to 
the Promise of the Serpent-bruiser in Eden 
and its fulfillment on Golgotha. We are out- 
laws by heredity, and we must not think it 
strange that "we are not our own," but whol- 
ly His who "bought us with a price" no less 
than his own blood. 

Money-greedy Christians are an abomina- 
tion to to God. We can sin against our fields 
and gardens no less than against our time. — 
We cannot be Sabbath-breakers against ei- 
ther with impunity. If the Brethren would 
study Christ and his Gospel in the prepara- 
tory dispensation, they would perhaps not 
sin as they do. They would learn God's 
mind in relation to the farm, the table, and 
the wardrobe, and the conjugal relation. The 
Old Testament is too much like an almanac 
of a decade ago. We do not see current time 
and interests in it. 

But we are grievously in error. The books 
of Moses and the Prophets, the Chronicles 
and Psalms, Job's mighty problem and Solo- 
mon's ravishing Canticles, are for us and to- 
day no less than the Gospels and Epistles 
and Apocalypse. Christ came to fulfill the 
law, and that means Gospel. Can we grasp 
that? The Edenic law is high and broad 
and good enough for the race, and God be- 
came incarnate to reveal its sufficiency, illus- 
trate its purity and authority, and redeem 
man from the curse of its violation. God 
commanded His Son in the flesh no more 
than he commanded Adam and Eve, to do 
His will on earth as it is done in heaven. 

To eat bread that was sown or reaped in 
the year-sabbath, was to repeat the sin of 
Eden — to pluck fruit from the forbidden 
tree. They did it, and they died. "The land 
is mine" said God, "and ije are strangers 
and sojourners with me." The Israelites 
were living both tent-life and rent-life. They 
had their annual booths and septennial re- 
lease to keep their hearts alive to the fact 
that they "had here no continuing city." 

Their land and policy and metropolis and 
temple and ritual were symbolical. Under 
the Theocratic dispensation, the farm and the 
Sanctuary were parts of one system. Is it 
different now? We affirm at our peril. — 
"Whether ye eat or drink, or whatsoever ye 
do, do all to the glory of God." Any excep- 
tion admissible here? What is it? Our 
dress, or table, or tobacco, or conjugal license, 
or purse? "Whatsoever" just means God in- 
carnate; no more, no less. 

What the true Israelite did on his farm, 
had the same Divine sanction and the same 

lofty moral aim as their worship in Taberna- 
cle and Temple. God became man to empha- 
size this principle. Whether plowing or 
praying, whether at our daily board or the 
holy Eucharist, all is for the glory of God. 
"The land is mine," and ye farm for me, and 
as ye eat your bread in the sweat of your 
brow, and live by bread and my Word, your 
life is mine, every breath and spark and quiv- 
er of it. 

How long will it be till our brethren learn 
this fundamental lesson and exemplify it? — 
Religion must mean tilling the ground, sow- 
ing, reaping, threshing, baking, cooking, eat- 
ing, working, waking, sleeping, LIVING. 
The world and the money and time and life 
are God's, and the penny and the minute and 
the thought and the muscle we spend inde- 
pendent of His authority and glory, we spend 
to our shame and hurt. 

Had our gifted progressive brethren learn- 
ed the mind of Christ in the institution of 
the minor and major sabbaths, they would 
still be with us, working with all their might 
for the sublime spiritual ends adumbrated by 
the externals of God's appointments from 
Eden till now. Every act of mastication re- 
minds us of the soil and its Proprietor, the 
humanity out of which He sprang as "a root 
out of dry ground," and as the Bread of 
Heaven which gives the very life of God to 
death-smitten man. 

Every out-breathing reminds us of death 
and sin and hell, and every inbreathing of 
the genesis of man, regeneration, resurrec- 
tion, and eternal life. The Bible is a spirit- 
ualized edition of nature. Without nature 
man would not be, for he is made of earth 
and vitalized by the breath of God. Relig- 
ion is not something to be credited and ob- 
served simply, but being, personality, God in 
us, Emmanuel. To sacrifice all is to win all. 
This is the "mind of Christ," and Christ is 
God made man, and this is redemption from 
all evil, and liberty and joy and glory in com- 
munity with Jehovah. 

The most beautiful and transporting of all 
this is its prophetic character. Six days of 
toil and weariness, then Sabbath. Six years 
of strain and sweat and care, then Sabbath. 
Seven times seven years of toil and rest, then 
the great Sabbatic Jubilee. It is coming. It 
is at hand. The glorious, sinless, tearless, 
nightless, Jubilant Sabbath of Eternity. — 
Who can enter into God's rest? Those only 
in whom He is Incarnate. 



The words of inspiration are as the voice 
of God to man individually. Our Father de- 
sires the salvation of all, and in one sweep- 
ing proclamation calls, in an inviting voice, 
"Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends 
of the earth." With this general invitation 
before the people collectively," there are, in 
addition, personal calls, indicating personal 
responsibility, a work for each respectively. 

This personal labor for the wants of the 
soul is neglected by many thousands of the 

human family, endeavoring to shift the re- 
sponsibility upon some one else, and this done 
too, in full knowledge of the m^ny personal 
calls made by the Savior of the world. 

First* The unconverted, as a whole, ap- 
pro vo of the worship of the Christians and 
would not, for a moment, desire the demoli- 
tion of our churches, Bibles, and institutions 
of learning. They desire to hold churches 
and Christian people as a fortress, behind 
which- they can find a safe retreat. They 
have a love for worship, but want some one 
else to perform it. They realize the necessi- 
ty of heeding the personal call from the Mas- 
ter, but refuse to act for themselves. 

This is a plain characteristic of the care- 
less sinner. Continuing a life of such neg- 
lect of duty, when once, if haply, they should 
become alarmed, are so unfitted for Christian 
worship, that their progress is of little suc- 
cess, unaided by some one else. And if neg- 
lected until upon a sick-bed, they are perhaps 
wholly disqualified and the most that can 
then be done is by proxy. 

A life of such neglect and carelessness is 
not favored by the light of inspiration, but 
everywhere calls to the sons and daughters 
of Adam individually for their early return 
to God, setting forth the solemn truth of per- 
sonal responsibility and that finally each one 
shall bear his own burden. 

Secondly. In our worship in the assem- 
blies of the saints, there is too much of the 
worship done by proxy. There is a class of 
Christian worshipers who do not care to en- 
gage in the worship other than to assemble 
with their brethren at the hour appointed, 
some of which assemblers have such a satis- 
fying confidence in the minister and other 
willing workers, that after settling down in 
their pews, quietly go to sleep, expecting the 
rest to worship for them. 

Others are denied the privileges of exer- 
cising their faculties in the church. The 
minister must do it all, or perchance a dea- 
con is called upon to assist. 

Some will not, others cannot engage; hence 
their worship must be done by proxy. All 
worship is a personal act. It is the lifting 
up and soaring of the spirit of man in per- 
sonal adoration to his Maker, with thanks- 
giving to his holy name. It is a personal 
confession and supplication to God, and as 
such, each member of the body of Christ 
must worship for himself. 

Some, perhaps, are ready to offer an ex- 
cuse, "I cannot pray or exhort; I fear I would 
be too formal." What if you should occa- 
sionally use the same form?- Behold the 
wonderful liturgy of the Savior: "When ye 
pray, say Our Father, etc." Do we not re- 
peatedly read the same Scripture lesson? — 
Do we not repeatedly sing the same spiritual 
songs? Come, thou intimidated one, enter 
thou the sanctuary with the congregation and' 
exercise the gift which God has given thee. 

In many congregations, the preacher alone 
reads the hymn and the Scripture, he alone 
is heard in thanksgiving, adoration, etc. The 
minister is everything, and the laity nothing. 
Many who go year after year to the sanctua- 
ry remain as mute and voiceless almost as 



.yard of the dead. Oar Bulging, in 
niauy places, is being narrowed down to a few 
r-iske choice selections, become familiar 
with them and artistically deliver them, and 
: tod, that part of the warship is 
by prosy. What was the usual characterist- 
ic of congregational singing, has long 
a vanished and is measurably unknown. 
It is right that we should have our minis- 
ind officers of the church; they have a 
: to do and should do it well, but the lay- 
member should also be looked upon with his 
as an important factor in the worship in 
;-. Preaching is indispensable; 
within kselt is not worship. It is sim- 
ply addressing and exhorting men and wom- 
their duty to God and to one another. 
■ orship is a personal work in direct 
.tion of Almighty God. 
Each individual has his own aspirations, 
and should and must be personal in his spir- 
itual soarings toward his blessed Master. — 
i, then, has a work to do respectively. — 
Mutual labor eases the task and lightens the 
burden. The outbursts of the soul, with their 
rnsive echo, fan a flame of love, encour- 
g each other to duty, which will inaugu- 
. a social feeling and set forth an endless 
interchange of holy thought and communion 
the saints in light. 
Again, our sisters have a work to do thern- 
1 3, not by proxy. And as time and cir- 
cumstances afford occasion, they should en- 
A social meeting, Bible reading or 
j cr-meeting would afford ample opportu- 
nity. An occasional prayer in our public 
services would be to the encouragement and 
and building up of God's cause. This is not 
forbidden, but encouraged by the Gospel. — 
Gospel does not say a sister shall not 
or prophecy, but simply tells how she 
. be adorned or appear when she prays. 
Paul further sheds a ray of light on this 
subject, that of every Christian having a work 
to perform, irrespective of sex, in which we 
are to admonish one another in psalms and 
hymns and spiritual songs, etc. Eph. 5: 19; 
3:16. Pliny, one of the heathen .phi- 
losophers, writes at the close of the first cen- 
tury, describing the church in her early his- 
^ccustomed to assemble together,— 
3ne to another, praising Christ as 

Hence, we all have a work to do and it is 

our business that that work be done by our- 

.~ in Gospel order that we may be ready 

c comes. Sinner, you, too, 

: a work to do, a present work. "To-day, 

.ear his voice, harden not your 

ts." To-morrow, perhaps, you cannot 

work; therefore, work while it is day. Take 

ivice of an ancient Ilabbi, who said, 

"Turn to God one day before your death." — 

• 1, "How can a man know the day 

of his death V" He answered, "Therefore 

tarn to God TO-DAY, for to-morrow \oumay 

die.' all watch to enter into rest. 

Dunkirk, 0. 

part of inan- 



BY D. 1>. KAYLER. 

My attention was called to this subject 
while reading some editorial remarks on it in 
the G. M., No. 4. I have often observed so- 
called Bible classes conducted on the order 
the editor suggests, but to my mind it never 
seemed to be the best way. In God's ar- 
rangement to teach moral and Christian prin- 
ciples, he set some in the church, first, apos- 
tles, secondly, prophets, thirdly, teachers, 
helps, etc. See 1 Cor. 12: 28 and Eph. 4: 11. 
And this order was "for the perfecting of the 
saints, for the work of the ministry, for the 
edifying of the body of Christ"; and the ob- 
ject of the Bible class should be for this, and 
for no other purpose. And for this it surely 
comes in as one of the helps. (I think Bi- 
ble school is the better name. ) But be it 
called class, or school, there must be a teach- 
er. That is God's arrangement. 

A half decade or so ago, I taught a Bible 
school in our church-house at Double Pipe 
Creek; in that school I was teacher just as I 
am preacher and elder in the church. I had 
twenty-five readers in the school, but only 
thirteen took lessons. The school was open- 
ed and closed with singing and prayer, ju&t 
as all our public meetings are. The school 
opened with the first chapter of Genesis. I 
sat between the male and female students, 
and we read in rotation from two to three 
chapters, according to their length. 

I would then ask questions on certain parts, 
of which the students had been notified by 
ticket at the previous meeting. Thus: A, B, 
I will ask you questions on Gen. 5: 1-10, and 
so on through all the lesson read, dividing it 
up between the students as nearly equal as I 
could arrange it. After this form was gone 
through, then the students were at liberty to 
ask any question the read lesson would sug- 
gest; under the rule, that if no one could an- 
swer the question, the propoundee must an- 
swer it himself. And if the lesson read, nam- 
ed places or points, it was my duty to point 
them out on the map, roughly drawn on the 
blackboard, if the student failed to point it 

Thus, the ark was located on Mount Ara- 
rat, from where spring the head-waters of 
the great river Euphrates, and along the 
plains through which it flows we located No- 
ah and his sons, and their descendants 
spreading out over the land, and the descend- 
ants of Ham over in Africa; and finally, 
Abram, where God called him from the oth- 
er side of the water (the river Euphrates) 
into Canaan, his descendants into Egypt, in- 
to servitude, their deliverance, their wander- 
ings through the wilderness, and into the 
Promised Land, etc. 

And as Paul had said that God gave them 
judges by the space of 450 years until Sam- 
uel the prophet, I proposed to prove this. — 
And I adopted this method. 1 drew a chalk 
line over the length of the blackboard and 
said, Let this line represent the theocracy of 
God ; and in reading we wrote the name of 

the first judge on the upper side of the line, 
with the figures of the number of years he 
governed. And so with the names of the 
people to whom they fell into bondage with 
the figures of the number of years on the 
lower side of the line. 

The leading events of these different peri- 
ods had to be detailed by the students under 
questions asked. This lesson embraced a 
period of over three months; and when it was 
finished, the numbers were added together, 
and by allowing Samuel forty years, we had 
the number of 450 years. 

The three great feasts God commanded Is- 
rael to keep were studied with mnch int- 
to the school. And while I was the tea 
I was also a learner; I obtained more Bible 
knowledge during the eighteen months I con- 
ducted the school than I ever had before. It 
required a full day every week for prepara- 
tion to meet the school. The sohool was 
stopped during the measle epidemic, in which 
several of the prominent students lost chil- 
dren in death; and though often urged t 
organize the school, yet, on account of 
ness of hearing, I have not consented- to do 

On account of the arduous labor to prop- 
erly teach a Bible school, none of our breth- 
ren have felt willing to undertake it. Bro. 
Editor, let not this provoke a smile at the 
thought that any preacher, at least, is quali- 
fied to teach a Bible school off-hand. No, I 
unhesitatingly declare that our ablest preach- 
ers are incompetent to teach a Bible e : 
as it ought to be taught, without special 
study and preparation. 

A competent and successful Bible school 
teacher ought to be as familiar with Bible 
reading and the map of ancient Palestine and 
surrounding country as he is with the alpha- 
bet; and this none of us are. Our school met 
once a week and was not less than two hours 
in session. In such a Bible class as we have 
in our Sunday-schools, any one can occupy 
the position of teacher, and it is good and 
edifying to do so; yet no real Bible know! 
is imparted by the teacher or obtained by the 

In the study of some of our lessons, histo- 
ry and commentators had to be consulted. I 
had several young girls, ready learners, in 
my school; and all had free access to m 
brary, and when they came with note-book 
and pencil, and for hours at a sitting would 
read and take notes, it suggested to xhe teach- 
er the propriety to have his eyes wide open 
to draw them out. 



— The Pharisees called Matthew a publi- 
can, a tax-gatherer, a sinner, an alien. But 
notwithstanding all, Christ called him to be 
one of his witnesses — to preach his everlast- 
ing Gospel to the dying sons of men; — no 
difference what men say. 

— When Pilate asked what he should do 
with Christ, these same Pharisees eric. - 
"Away with him. away with him !" But when 



he could remain on earth no longer, he could 
have a seat at the right hand of God in heav- 

— I have before me a sermon preached by 
H. W. Beecher. It was preached over two 
years ago — but no matter for that. I must 
quote a few things that he said. He says: 
"We are not to reject anything that is useful, 
nor are we to neglect anything that is useful, 
but the judgment of God's people at any one 
time, as to what was practically wisest and 
best, though it was authoritative at that time, 
is not to be insisted on as authoritative at 
other times, and upon other men, under oth- 
er circumstances: and the practice, whatever 
it was, we eagerly follow, if we find that it is 
useful; but if we find that it is not useful, we 
do not follow it." 

"VVe grant that Mr. Beecher is right, and 
we also grant that the command of baptism 
was "authoritative and useful," as was Peet- 
washing and the Holy Kiss, the Lord's Sup- 
per and many other commands, examples and 
good works. And in fact, it was right in the 
days of the apostles, for people to do so. — 
Then they needed a practical religion ; they 
needed to be baptized to wash away their 
sins; they needed to wash feet, because their 
feet got dirty, on account of their long jour- 
neys with nothing but sandals on their feet, 
and then they would be hungry and tired and 
they needed to have something to eat, etc. 

But we find a different state of things now; 
these things are no more "authoritative," be- 
cause they are no more "useful" and we need 
"not follow them." We have learned that 
one drop of water will wash away just as 
many sins as could the old ocean. We wear 
boots and travel on the cars and our feet do 
not get dirty; and we take passage on trains 
that have dining cars attached, and are not 
very hungry, and we see each other so often 
that we need not salute, and everybody is 
able to take care of himself: or, if not, we 
have homes for the old men and homes for 
the old women and homes for the orphans; in 
fact, we have poor-houses, and we just sim- 
ply find that there is nothing much in the Bi- 
ble that is of much use to us now-a-days and 
I do not feel bound "to follow it." 

"I (Beecher) do not feel bound to send for 
my cloak at Troas because Paul did; I do not 
feel bound to bring the manuscript that was 
left there because Paul did; I do not feel 
bound to wash the disciples' feet, because it 
was a part of the last services of Christ." 

This is the way Mr. H. W. Beecher preach- 
es to his people, and I do think that he does 
not "feel bound" to obey or respect any com- 
mand or part of the Gospel of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ. 

In further reference to these things he 
says, "I think that what I may call the nar- 
rowness, the idolatry of service, of forms and 
of ceremonies, hinders a multitude of men 
and keeps them out of the church." I leave 
the reader to compare these statements of 
Beecher with the Word of God. 

He is happy whose circumstances suit his 
temper, but he is more excellent who can suit 
his temper to any circumstances. 

-JAN. 21. 


The 16th inst., we left this place and went 
over the California Southern R. R., 130 miles 
due South to San Diego, where we were kind- 
ly received by Bro. Moses and sister Prick, 
formerly of Dayton, Ohio. They are seem- 
ingly well pleased with California, after a 
trial of some six years. San Diego is a town 
of about 3000 inhabitants, located on the bay 
of the same name, which is one of the finest 
and safest bays on the coast. Looking south- 
east, the mountains in Mexico are plainly to 
be seen sixteen miles off. 

The climate in the vicinity of San Diego 
is the most even, probably, of any othe? 
place in Southern California. In Summer 
the temperature seldom goes above eighty 
degrees, and in Winter not often below forty 
degrees. The difference in the temperature, 
Summer and Winter, is but a few degrees. — 
Quite a number of persons visit and remain 
there for their health. There are several 
large hotels there, and a large Sanitarium 

We visited some of the orange groves eight 
miles out. There is considerable farming 
land in the county, but it is scattered here 
and there, and running water is scarce, but 
there is plenty of good water to be had for 
house use, also, for stock and irrigating pur- 
poses, by using the wind pumps. Consider- 
able farming is done without irrigating the 
land, but for orchards, it is best to irrigate 

The olive is more extensively raised around 
San Diego than any other place we have vis- 
ited. At the old Mission there is an olive 
grove over one hundred years ol<i and in a 
thriving condition. The usual price of olives 
is about. SI 00 per gallon, and trees six to 
ten years old will produce three to ten gal- 
lons, and increase as they get older, until 
twenty to thirty gallons may be gathered 
from a tree. They are unfit to eat until they 
go through a process of pickling, when 1 hey 
become palatable to many persons, and are 
as freely eaten as cherries, but the bulk of 
the crop is used in making olive oil. 

A number of whales have been caught just 
outside the bay lately, by a paity engaged in 
the whaling business. In the future we will 
try and give an account of the business. — 
Cutting up a whale is quite an interesting 

While we were at San Diego a car-load of 
ostriches arrived there direct from New Or- 
leans, to which port they had been recently 
shipped from South Africa. There were 
twenty-three in number, and valued at $25,- 
000. It is intended to stock an ostrich farm 
with them, near the city. 

Land around San Diego is, like elsewhere 
in this coast country, high in price. It is 
thought when a through line railroad from 
the East makes that point its terminus, and 
a trade is opened up with foreign nations, 
San Diego will be a thriving city, hence the 
prospects are good for real estate to enhance 
in value. 

Returning from San Diego, our next point 
to visit was Riverside, twelve miles south- 
west of this place. As a settlement, it has 
but few rivals that can surpass it, especially 
in point of beauty and quality of fruits rais- 
ed. They call it a paradise, and doubtless 
it comes about as near one as can be found 
anywhere in the wide world. The main ave- 
nue is about seven miles long and lined on 
both sides with costly residences, some cost- 
ing $15,000, and the most attractive surround- 
ings I ever saw anywhere. 

At least one-half: of all the lands in culti- 
vation is set in orange trees, and the crop of 
golden fruit was a sight to behold. The 
present crop of oranges, it is estimated, will 
bring into the settlement of Riverside from 
,160,000 to $75,000. The crop of other fruits 
was large; there is an extensive canning es- 
tablishment in the town, also large quantities 
of raisins are manufactured; little or no wine 
is made in that settlement; they have proven 
that there is more money in grapes when 
canned, dried, made into raisins or sold fresh 
from the vines, than when made into the de- 
mon — alcoholic wine. 

Where this model settlement is, twelve 
years ago all was an uninviting plain, cover- 
ed with cactus and sage brush; but by the 
use of water and labor, the "desert blossoms 
as the rose." We saw peach trees in full 
bloom, and roses, geraniums, fuchsias and 
dozens of other flowers were to be seen in all 
their glory, look which way you would. — 
Here the owner of a home can, in deed and 
truth, sit under "his own vine and fig-tree." 
We would be glad to spend a longer time in 
this glorious climate, but circumstances re- 
quire that we return sooner than we had exi- 


I receive the Messenger regularly and 
would not do without it for twice the money. 
I think Bro. Miller's report of the church in 
Denmark should be read by every brother 
and sister. To think of a brother having on- 
ly five cows and selling one and putting the 
money into the church treasury, should make 
many of lis blush with shame! O, that the 
Brethren may wake up to a full sense of 
their duty, and not only preach Jesus, but 
live out what they preach! 

Shannon, 111. Josie E. Royer. 

"There is a great difference bebween 
preaching, and reciting a memorized sermon. 
The former is a living thing; the latter is a 
machine. There is a still greater difference 
between preaching and reading a sermon. — 
When the reading is real reading, as when 
one reads from a book, it is a tame affair in 
the pulpit. When it is not real reading, but 
a kind of make-believe, -in which the speak- 
er half reads, half recites, and tries to con- 
vince the audience by gesticulating and pos- 
turing, and hiding his manuscript that he is 
preaching, the performance is a farce, and 
the people would laugh it out of counten- 
ance, were it not for the solemn service with 
which it is connected." — Prof. J. W. Mc- 





Oub normal schools are the product of 
our common schools: a natural outgrowth to 
meet the wants of elementary instruction. 
Experience proves that children m our pri- 
- oola should be under the instruction 
of the most competent teachers, — for, "as the 
is bent the tree is inclined." Besides, 
3 ^":s unify and systematize our 
metho la of instruction, by which means all 
are enabled to speak, read, and write our lan- 
»e according to the best models — the 
rod work for the unity and purity of 
eh. To meet our. educational wants, a 
normal school should be practically a model 
school, one which aims to develop all the 
. qualities of human nature, and emphat- 
restrains the bad. An education prop- 
er, means the harmonious development of the 
intellectual, moral, and physical nature of 
man. Tiie expansion of the intellectual pow- 
ers without a corresponding increase of the 
moral may produce an intellectual giant but 
b a m ay prove to be a very bad man. On the 
other hand, the neglect of the physical pow- 
ers will render the man incapable of apply- 
ing successfully the knowledge he may have 
acquired. Tne moral training children get 
at schools of every grade, is what makes 
character, and determines their power for 
good in the world. Education, then, should 
be the right kind and properly proportioned. 
Does the Bible condemn it? The first 
writer of Bible history, "Moses, was learned 
in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was 
mighty in words and deeds." Acts 7: 22. 
Paul was brought up "at the feet of Gamaliel, 
and taught according to the perfect manner 
of the law of the fathers." Acts 22: 3. He 
also disputed daily in the school of Tyrannus 
where pupils were in attendance from "all 
," and "this continued by the space of 
rears so that all Asia heard the word of 
the Lord both Jews and Greeks." Acts 19: 
9, 10. The disciples of our Savior, the writ- 
ers of the New Testament, wrote the Holy 
Scriptures in the most highly cultivated lan- 
_ e in the world, and to the purity and ac- 
curacy of their writings we are in a high de- 
gree indebted for the preservation of the 
Word of God as we now have it. Provi- 
dentially the Greek language in which the 
neat was originally written, be- 
came a '''had language," and translations 
can only be made, based upon the standard 
_ . of the Greek in, or near the Apostolic 
— render pei version almost impossible, 
without being translated, none but the 
ied co aid read the New Testament. 
.e it is necessary that men be thorough- 
ly" instructed in the Greek, and in their own 
before a translation is possible. 
Many consider the German Bible a better 
set — than the English, yet the 
only ) determine is to compare each 

with the Greek— the language of the Apos- 
. ms in theology can only be set- 
ieal to the Greek Scriptures. 
j.r terms and discussions will 

But all learning is not wisdom. A man 
may be well educated, yet far from being 
wise. It is the education that tends to 
wisdom that should be encouraged. The Bi- 
ble recomends it; "Wisdom is the principal 
thing; therefore get wisdom; and with all thy 
getting, get understanding." Prov. 4: 7. It 
teaches us to "avoid profane and vain bab- 
blings, and oppositions of science falsely so 
called," 1 Tim. 6: 20. It is not science that 
it teaches us to avoid, but oppositions of sci- 
ence. Science is nothing more than knowl- 
edge systematized. There are men who pur- 
sue false science and are, as Paul says, "ever 
learning, and never able to come to the knowl- 
edge of the truth." Such men never become 
wise except in their own conceits. A truly 
% and thoroughly educated man is not vain. 
Moses with all his education was the meekest 
of men. Paul with all his scholastic attain- 
ments made himself the least. Newton the 
profoundesfc of philosophers felt himself a 
mere child picking up a bright pebble upon 
the shore now and then, while the great ocean 
of truth was undiscovered before him. It is 
the man, who thinks he knows all that is 
worth knowing, that is proud, and "knows 
nothing yet as he ought to know." These 
are the men who fly off on a tangent, and 
have given society and the church trouble in 
every age. The men who have gone far 
enough in education to know that they know 
nothing, are the men who give strength to 
society, tone, and stability to the church, and 
who, by their life and character, are the ac- 
knowledged leaders and pillars of Church 
and State. 

We are living in an age and country in 
which our national and State authorities fos- 
ter educational institutions of every grade 
irom the common school to the university. 
These schools are the life of the nation, and 
contribute largely to the well-being of socie- 
ty. Everybody is becoming educated, and 
the educated are included among the "all na- 
tions" whom we are commanded by our Sav- 
ior to teach and baptize. Will we back 
down and retire from the conflict to such an 
esdent as to confine our religious instruction 
to our children and the few illiterate persons 
whom we may find here and there, or will 
we like Paul, "as much as in us is, be ready 
to preach to them at Home also,"— "though 
not many wise after the flesh, not many 
mighty, not many noble are called"? Is 
there greater danger to the church to receive 
an individual into the fold, educated at a 
school conducted by Brethren than another 
brought up in a sectarian school? It is theo- 
logical schools that the church condemns (see 
Rev. Min. page 31), as the writer did years 
ago, and still does. Martin Lather saw the 
evils of theological schools, and denounced 
them strongly, centuries ago. But between 
our State, County, and independent normal 
schools, and theological schools, there is 
neither resemblance nor connection. Our 
schools — conducted by brethren — have suc- 
ceeded but poorly in some instances, because 
brethren of standing and influence, anticipat- 
ing bad results, abandoned them, till they 
were run by inexperienced hands to nothing. 

It took nearly fifty years to run a paper suc- 
cessfully in the interest of the church. How 
long till our schools are made a home and aj 
nursery for our children, as well as for the 
poor outcast, to bring them to the church 
and to Christ? 



"Sow to the wind and reap the storm, 
Sow to thf flesh and gather its dust: 
Fear and trembling, and wrath and scorn. 

So earth repayeth the baneful trust. 
And the changeless laws of the harvest heap 
Evil on evil. Coni : forth and reap." 

On the shores of the Galilean Lake, our 
Savior taught the people this parable. Poor, 
ignorant and unlettered as they are, he deliv- 
ers unto them his message and speaks unto 
them as never man spake. He pressed the 
truth home to their hearts by illustrating it 
with the scenes around them, clothing the 
most striking features with a living reality. — 
Before them lies the fertile plain of Gennes- 
aret. The seed dropped in that deep, rich 
soil will bring forth an hundred fold. 

The narrow paths, tLe neglected corners, 
and the barren hillsides are well covered with 
a dense growth of weeds, tufts of thorns that 
choke all vegetation. On the slopes of the 
hills beyond, are shelving rocks, where the 
earth is moistened by the early rains. The 
seed sown there will readily spring up. But 
when the rain ceases "and the sun shines from 
a cloudless sky, the green plants will wither, 
and the premature growth is checked. Ail 
this can be seen by the people. 

The divine Teacher employs natural simil- 
itudes in showing forth the reception of his 
Word in the human heart. And with : 
earthly things he so binds up the great truths 
of the Heavenly Kingdom, that our finite 
minds can understand some of the lessons, 
while the sun and the rain, the seasons and 
the harvests will continue to repeat his sa- 
cred lessons to the susceptible heart, so long 
as the world shall stand. 

The seed falls into the light soil Gladly 
they accept salvation and labor with great 
zeal in the cause. But when God tries them, 
when temptations come, they look back, and 
soon it is said, they walk with him no more. 

How often we see the thorns choking the 
good seed. "Watch and pray" is the com- 
mand. We must watch, if we would know 
our needs, and we have need to guard care- 
fully lest our spiritual life be dwarfed. Our 
Savior prayed to the Father "not that thou 
shouldst take them out of the world, but that 
thou shouldst keep them from the evil." We 
must needs mingle somewhat with society, but 
if we go trusting only in Jesus, he will keep 
us from being impregnated by the prevailing, 
cold, steely worldliness. And we can use our 
influence, and bring a little faith, a little earn- 
estness, sincerity, a little love into the I: 
of even this society. We must be good if we 
would help the bad. 

Those who bring forth fruit are those who 
work for him. They will endure when the 
perilous times come. Trusting in Cl: 



iey cling to liim alone, and he converts their 
eebleness into strength, and when their 
vork on earth is done, they have a "title 
dear" to the kingdom prepared for them "be- 
bre the foundation of the world." 

Lord, when thou dost gather 

Thy sheaves of golden yrain, 
And from the worthless masses 

Select the pure and meet — 
When, all earth's harvests over. 

Thine own is just begun — 
grant, our Heavenly Father, 

We hear thy call, "Well done!" 
Thy Harvest Home! 
Mainland, Pa. 



"When taking subscriptions for the Mes- 
senger, I asked a child, who. was a reader of 
the paper, whether she could understand the 
most of what she read. "Yes," replied the 
child, and then looking earnestly at me, she 
added: — "When I hear a sermon preached 
at meeting, I only hear it once and am hard- 
ly ever able to understand it at all, but when 
I read a printed sermon, I can read it again 
and again, until I do understand it." From 
that child's remarks, we can learn an impor- 
tant lesson. First we notice, that it Avas the 
meaning, or sentiment of the sermon that 
interested the innocent child, more than any- 
thing else. From older persons, we have 
frequently heard remarks like the following: 
"That man is a fine speaker," or "that min- 
ister has a splendid voice for speaking," and 
other similar expressions, showing what 
things about the preaching are most admired. 
"Out of the abundance of the heart the mouth 
speaketh." Matt. 12: 34. 

A due amount of admiration for oral elo- 
quence is entirely appropriate, but there is 
something else in a good sermon, that is far 
more important than its vocal delivery. 
Words are only the vehicles of thought, and 
to admire them, or rhetorical expressions, 
more than the thoughts they convey, is like 
admiring a fine wagon, more than the peo- 
ple who ride in it. There is nothing more 
beautiful than a beautiful thought. Every- 
thing in nature is a thought of God. God 
thought of the lilies of the field before they 
had a visible form. He thought of the rose 
and rainbow before he created them. The 
countless forms of sea shells and forms of 
animal and vegetable life, are expressed 
thoughts of an All-wise God. Thought is 
the motive or controlling power of our lives. 
Good thoughts produce good deeds, while 
evil thoughts result in sinful deeds. This 
understood, it is important that we learn from 
what sources good and useful thoughts are 
obtained. Perhaps reading is the principal 
means of shaping our thoughts and actions, 
Our conversation betrays what kind of read- 
ing we indulge in the most. The bus- 
iness man takes most interest in mercantile 
reading; the doctor or lawyer reads mostly 
his professional books and "papers, while the 
minister is more devoted to religious reading. 
And those things which people do the 
most reading are the things about which they 

talk the most. That unfortunate belle or 
dandy who reads nothing but trashy litera- 
ture is apt to be devoid of any high or noble 
object in life. Such persons live a butterfly 
life inthe sunshine of imagination and die 
without achieving any good for themselves, 
or others. Many who read good books and 
papers, are guilty of one bad fault, and that 
is in searching for information and knowl- 
edge, without making any practical appli- 
cation of it. This fault is very common in 
temporal as well as in spiritual matters. It 
is not how much but the use that we make of 
our reading, that determines its effect. Many 
good sermons would be improved if the min- 
ister would dwell more clearly and forcibly, 
upon the importance of the practical appli- 
cation of the truths he presents. 
Covington, Ohio, 



"I would that men pray everywheie." 1 Tim. 2: J^ 
Oar text says everywhere, funerals not ex- 
cepted, because in all life's journey there is 
no place that causes us to feel the need of 
prayer more forcibly than on these solemn 
occasions, when our friends die and we take 
the last look at the lifeless form to which we 
are about to pay our last tribute of respect. 
Let us be obedient on funeral occasions as 
well as on any other, and heed the divine 
command as given by the Apostle Paul, in 
1 Cor. 11:4, 7. 
Goshen, Ind. 

In the Catacombs of Domitilla, near Piome, 
a tomb has recently been opened whose pro- 
prietor or occupant was Ampliatus. Much 
labor and honor were bestowed upon it and 
from its decorations it is inferred that Am- 
pliatus was a man of distinction among the 
Christians. Paul, in his Epistle to the Ro- 
mans, 16: 8 (Bevised Version), says, "Salute 
Amplia,tus, beloved in the Lord." A writer 
in the Aihenazum who mentions these facts 
does not claim that the Ampliatus of the 
tomb is the Ampliatus mentioned by Paul, 
but he says there is no doubt that this Chris- 
tian tomb was hollowed out and decorated in 
the first century, and there is no reason evi- 
dent why it may not be the resting place of 
Paul's friend. — Sahbath Recorder. 

Contentment is a pearl of great price, 
and whoever procures it, at the expense of 
ten thousand desires, makes a wise and hap- 
py purchase. 

■«» ■ « ■ ir ■ 

He who sedulously attends, pointedly asks, 
calmly speaks, coolly answers, and ceases 
when he has no more to say, is in possession 
of some of the best requisites of man. 


STEFFY— JOHNSON —Jan. 13, at the residence of the 
undersigned, in Stark Co , 0., Mr. Adam Steft'y and 
Miss Wilroina Johnson, both of Stark Co., 0. 

WEBER— SNYDER— Jan. 22, at the residence of the 
undersigned, Mr. Jacob Weber, of Portage Co., 0., 
and Miss Ada V. Snyder, of Staik Co , 0. 

WiTWEEt-B03T0N.— Jan. 17, at the residence of 
the undersigned, in Stark Co., 0., Mr. John B. Wit- 
wer and Miss Sarah Jane Boston, both of Marlboro, 
Stark Co., Ohio. 

SEIFER— GROOSE.— By the writer, at sister Sophia 
Groose's, Feb. 7, Mr. John Seifer to Miss Kate 
Groose, both of St. Joseph Co., Ind. 

H. W. Krieghbaijm. 

SISK— ARNOLD -Jan. 27th, at the residence of the 
bride's father, by Eld. William Neal, Mr. William A. 
Sisk and sister Catharine A. Arnold, both of Koscius- 
ko Co., Ind. Emma Arnold. 

"Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord." 

SLGLER— Near Marlboro, Stark Co., Ohio, Jan. 14, 
Emily Jane, daughter of Josiah and Mary E. Sigler, 
aged 21 years and 5 months. Funeral services by the 
writer at Harrisbuigh in the M. E. church. 

J. J. Hoover. 

KEIM.— Jan. 24, in South Beatrice church, Gage Co., 
Neb., Mabel, daughter of Bro. A. G. and sister Mary 
Keim, aged 1 year, 1 month and 13 days. Funeral 
services by the writer. Urias Shick. 

GUYER.-In Wateiside, Bedford Co., Pa.. Jan. 2, 
Lincoln Guyer, son of Henry and sister Hettie Guyer, 
aged 18 years, 3 months and 23 days. Funeral occa- 
sion improved horn Gen. 3: 19 by Bro. Geo. Hana- 
walt. Jos. Z, Rerlogle. 

DETR1CH.— Tn Jewell Co., Kan., Jan. 30, Myrtle 
Blanche Detrich, daughter of Martin Detrich, aged 
5 months and 9 days. Funeral services by M. M. 
Eshelman and J. L. Switzer. 
DErWILER— Inthe Logan church, Logan Co , , 
sister Mattie, wife of Bro. Benjamin Detwiler, aged 
4-'» years, 10 months and 22 days. Funeral services 
by the Brethren from Job 14: 14. 

Auednego Miller. 
BARE. — In the Aughwick congregation, Huntingdon 
Co., Pa., Jan. 4, Bro. Peter M. Bare, aged G2 years 
and one week. 
Bro. Bare was the son-in-law of Eld. John Spano- 
glo. His widow, three sons, and one daughter survive 
him. He was well known ia the county in which he 
lived, having been for a number of years an active busi- 
ness man- He was steward of our Normal College at 
Huntingdon one year. He was hurt by a fall some 
years ago, fro in which he never altogether recovered — 
His death was rather sudden and unexpected, but we in- 
dulge the pleasing hope that he was ready to go, though 
the call was unexpected. 

The writer attended the funeral a.nd was assisted in 
the services by Bro. James Lane, of the Aughwick con- 
gregation. J. Quinter. 

WH1TMER.— Near Milton, Wayne Co., Ind., Jan. 12, 
Bro. Rudolph, aged 03 years, 11 months 
and 6 days. 
*He leaves a wife (sister), six children and many 

friends. Funeral by the writer, from 2 Coi. 4:18. 

Jacob Rife. 

STONG.— Oct. 27, 1833, G. W. Stong, aged 27 years, 2 
months and 10 days. He leaves a wife and one child. 
Was a member of the German Baptist church. Fu- 
neral by brethren Isaac Cripe and S. G. Saler. from 
Heb. 13:14. D. L. Cripe, 

BUSH— In Elkhart Co., Ind., Jan. 28, sister Sarah J. 1 
Bush, aged 28 years, 2 months and 16 days. 

TIPPIN— In Washington Co., Kan., Oct. 18, 1883, 
John Tippin, aged 82 years, 1 month and 18 dayti. 

TIPPIN. — November 1, Margaret Tippin, wife of the 
above, aged 74 years and 10 months. 

MILLER —In the same place, Oct. 20, Joseph Milter, 
aged 54 years, 11 months and 29 days. He leaves a 
wife and 14 children. D. W. C. Ran. 



The Gospel Messengek. 

Published Weekly. 

PRICE. 81. 5 FEU AXXl'M. 

iron's Publishing Co., - - Publishers. 

JAMES griNTKIS. Editor, 

J. H. MOORE, Manaoiso Epitok, 


Bii HtNJBa Hanaosb at Western House. 31t. Morris. III. 

Com .•)> it titrations for publication should be written on 
only, and. separate from all other busi- 

$nl"icr:;>?ioii Price of the Gospel Messenger is $1,50 
par - ■ rahce Any 01 e sending ten names and SIS. 00, 

- iree one year. 
Agents Ha nterf in every locality to gather subscribers. 

gents' outfit free. 

Sending Money. — Send money by Drafts, Postal Orders, 

::ers. Drafts and Postal Orders should be 

Sretkren's Publishing Co. Postal Or- 

tyable at the office to which they are sent. 

Ilotr Vo Address. — Subscriptions and communications 

I - - l UESSENGER, as well as all orders for Hy:nn 

- .1 either of th.e followins ways' 

i s's Publishing Co.. Mt. Morris, Ogle Co., 111. 


Mil Hooks and Hymnals to be sent by mail may be 
?- place. YThen to be sent by Express, order 


Mt. Morris, 111., 

Fel>. 12, 1884. 

Bko. Cxkus Bechee reports another addi- 
tion, lately, to the church at "Woodland, 111. 

Bko. W. B. Deeter, is now preaching at 
.en, Ind., expecting to remain several 

Send us 81.50 for the Quinter and Mc- 
Debate. "We can now fill orders for 

Subscribers are still coming in, and we 
to enter many more names before the 
:er closes. 

Beg. W. B. Deeter, reports twenty-five 
additions to the Solomon Creek Church, Ind., 
within the last few weeks. 

We occasionally receive an order for Dick's 
eral Heavens,"' but the book is out of 
print and we can, therefore, fill no more or- 
ders for it. 

Soxe long articles of correspondence have 
to be declined for the want of room, es- 
Ily articles that do not contain matter of 

W e receive some church news containing 

-er name of church, post-office, county, 

Of course we cannot publish such 

- articles always go straight into 

the asket. By experience we have 

learned that Bro. "Xobody" is not a resppn- 

vaiter, hence we do not print his arti- 

" i/strict Meeting notice, published in 

Tor the Second District of 

jinia. 1 he meeting is to be held in the 

lidge congregation, Augusta Co., Ya., 

April 10 and 11th, 1 - 

B J. Gr. Royeb has been holding a series 

B dford, Ohio. He re- 

tt interest, with twelve ad- 

ditio i • and baptism, with pros- 

>re. He says hia health is still 

l/'rom Bradford he returns to 

Indi-'. attend the District Meeting. 

A YOUNG brother was baptized in Benton 
Co., Li, where Bro. Ashenbrenher was holding 
a series of meetings. Ice was two feet thick, 
and had to be removed. 

Bro. D. M. Miller, of Lanark, 111., held 
a series of meetings about eight miles from 
the South Waterloo church, la. He commenc- 
ed on the 2nd of this month. 

The Bruederbote for February is an unus- 
ually good number. Excellent articles ap- 
pear in it. Brethren, get copies of it and 
send it to your German friends. 

When Bro. Evans was in Waterloo he gave 
the Christadelphians one evening a strong 
lesson on the commission. He expects to re- 
turn soon and give them more information 
on materialism. 

Some of the Sunday-school reports sent us 
have been turned over the Young Diciple, 
We did not have room for them in the Mes- 
senger. Those who have sent Sunday-school 
reports that have not been published will by 
this notice know what has become of them. 

Bro. H. W. Strickler, of Loraine, 111., 
writes that his health has not permitted him 
to do much in the way of preaching this 
Winter. He attempted a series of meetings, 
but had to close with five meetings. He ex- 
pected to commence a series of meetings in 
the Camp Creek congregation this week. 

Please state through the Gospel Messen- 
ger whether the Methodists ever practiced 
feet-washing. Bro. Moore or some one else 
please answer. Peter Beower. 

For our part, we cannot say whether the 
Methodists have ever practiced feet-washing 
or not; but one thing we do know.— Christ 
and the apostles practiced it. 

We have before us the Minutes of the 
District of Southern Indiana, and we find the 
work done by that Meeting quite a credit to 
the cause. It entered into a class of work 
calculated to enlarge the hearts of the mem- 
bers, and elevate humanity. The more the 
church enters into that class of work, the 
more we may expect to see her prosper. 

Each year the New York Observer pub- 
lishes the statistics of the leading denomina- 
tions of the United States, giving the number 
of church buildings, ministers and members. 
The issue of Jan. 31st, is now before us, con- 
taining the statistics for the close of 1S83. 
The Brethren are there set down as having 
500 houses of worship, 1731 ministers and 
80,000 members. 

Many are the solicitations for help to build 
meeting-houses, and as a general thing the 
calls are not very liberally responded to, es- 
pecially those that are published. We want 
to suggest that when a call of the kind is 
made that it be written by the authority 
of the church, and by one appointed for 
that purpose. It would be well for each 
church to have some one to report such mat- 
ters as the church may desire published. 

WBITIIKJ from Waynesboro Pa., Jan. 31m 
Bro. J. D. Trostle says he has just retn 
from a three week's trip through Yir; 
visiting in all, thirteen churches. He speaks i 
very encouragingly of his visit. 

Bro. Landon West has just closed a :-eri< 
of meetings in the Painter Creek Church, O.J 
with thirteen additions. While there, 
preached one sermon to the children, 
whom there were 180 present. We hope 
hear of more preaching to the childrei 
"Feed my lambs,"says Christ to the pi- 

Our Single Imrnersionist friends claii 
only one name and one act. We advisi 
them to read Bev. 3: 12, where they will fine 
the Father's name, the name of the New Jt 
rusalem, and the new name of Jesus written) 
on the overcomers. If they will read Bev. 
14: 1 in the Bevised Version, they will fine 
the Lamb's name and the Father's nam< 
written on the foreheads of the redeemed. 

Brethren Geo. D. Zollers, and Harrison 
Crouse, of Hickory Grove, 111., held several) 
meetings in this congregation last week. 
Their visit -was very much appreciated, and! 
all regretted that they had to close their 
meetings so soon. On Sunday evening Bro. 
Zollers preached a very touching discourse 
to a large audience in the chapel. It made] 
impressions that will never be forgotten. 

Brethren desiring to learn something 
concerning the country and climate near the 
Bound Mountain Meeting-house in Arkansas 
should address, Marshall Ennis, Maguire's 
Store, Washington Co., Ark. There are 
some of our readers who think of emigrating 
to that part of the State, but we would advise 
them to go and see before moving, 
best in going to any country not too far 
away. ^_ 

Elsewhere in this issus, Bro. D. I 
comes very close to the kind of Bible Schools 
that we have long contended for. TJ 
ought to be classes of this character in e~ 
congregation, and also in all of our schools 
and colleges. As Bro. Say] r intim 
there are very few who understand the Bible 
well enough to teach it understanding 1 .}-. It 
requires much more knowledge to teach than 
it does to preach. 

Occasionally an unpleasant feeling ai 
between parties in certain States, on ac- 
count of what is said in the Messenger, con- 
cerning suitableness of such localities for emi- 
grants. A good deal is said in the Messen- 
ger about such places, and much more is 
written in defense of the good, than what i? 
said against the bad. There is good and 
in all countries, and those who are seeking 
for a paradise on earth will be disappointed at 
the end of life. We use much caution reg 
ing the class of news, and yet some will 
their feelings stirred tip, but, really, there is 
no occasion for it. The good Lord made all of 
your lands and climate, and there is no c 
sion for abusing any of it, and it is a free 
country; let people locate where they please. 



Bro. Henry Strickler and Bio. Charles 
Garner of Grundy Center, labored over two 
weeks in Franklin Co., near Iowa Falls, with 
considerable success. The meetings were 
well attended, and a good impression made. 
It is thought that some will unite with the 
church the next time the Brethren go there. 

For sometime the Quinter and McConnell 
Debate has been out of print, and though 
there have been many calls for the work, yet 
it could not be had, but another edition has 
been printed, and we are now prepared to 
fill orders. We hope those desiring the book 
will send in their orders at once, that we 
may know how many are wanted. This is a 
good work, and ought to be in the hands of 
all of our ministers. Price, by mail, $1.50 
per copy. Address this office. 

It seems strange that some people claim 
that the Annual Meeting is ixnauthorized by 
the Gospel, and yet when they get to run- 
ning a church of their own, they cannot con- 
sent to do so without an annual convention. 
Surely the Bible says nothing about an an- 
nual convention in the Christian church. 
People who become accustomed to meeting 
annually, find it difficult to get along with- 
out such meetings, however much they may 
have previously condemned them. 

The want of space makes it necessary to 
defer our Florida article till next week. — 
When we made the trip, our intention was 
not to write much concerning the country at 
present, but many of our readers have urged 
us to take our time to it, and tell all we can 
of the Italy of America. On that account 
we have lengthened our articles somewhat, 
and will give one more, letting that suffice 
for the present. To our knowledge, there 
are only a few members in the State, yet, 
with proper efforts, we believe good churches 
could be built up in various parts of Florida. 
There is a scarcity of meeting-houses in the 
rural districts, but they can be built cheaply 
as needed. We preached but once while in 
the State, and then felt that there were 
chances of doing a good work among the 

Writing from Andrews, Inch, Bro. J. B. 
Lair says: "The Messenger, No. 3, made a 
little mistake in saying that I was going to 
visit parts of Southern Kansas. I am not 
only going to visit it, but, with my family 
and four or five other families, including 
about a dozen members, and twenty-five or 
thirty persons in all, will start on the morn- 
ing of Feb. 12 — the Lord willing — for La- 
bette Co., Kansas, to make it our future 
home. I did intend*, last Fall, to visit Kan- 
sas, but on account of sickness, v/as hinder- 
ed. But we are locating there for the pres- 
ent, while we look around to see where we 
can do the best, both spiritually and tempo- 
rally. In all probability, I shall spend a 
good portion of this year in traveling over 
Kansas and probably the adjoining States. — 
After Feb. 1, my address will be Altamont 
Labette Co., Kan." 

Some of our correspondents send in a few 
of a series of articles they are writing, and 
wait till they see what disposition we make 
of them, before sending more. This is not 
just the right way to do. The whole series 
on a special subject should reach us and be 
examined before the first is printed. We do 
not like to commence publishing a series of 
articles till we have a chance of examining the 
whole series. Please remember this. 

We hope our contributors will not become 
impatient because their articles do not appear 
soon after they are sent. We have on our 
desk over one hundred articles that we have not 
had time to read, and have been finding plac- 
es in the paper for them just as fast as possi- 
ble. But do not cease writing on that ac- 
count; the working season will soon be here, 
when most of our writers will be too busy to 
write for the press. It is good to lay in a 
good supply for use during the busy seasons 
of the year. 

Bro. J. H. Miller writes that Bro. J. V. 
Felthouse held a week's meeting in the Grav- 
elton church, Turkey Creek congregation, 
Indiana. One evening was se"t apart for the 
children. They appreciated it very much. — 
We wish to encourage this class of meetings, 
hoping that more of them will be held. — 
Christ told Peter to feed his lambs, yet there 
are hundreds of preachers who never preach 
to the lambs. They preach all their sermons 
to the sheep, while the lambs go unfed, save 
what crumbs they can pick up, here and 
there. Some preachers excuse themselves by 
saying "the Sunday-schools are for the chil- 
dren." Christ did not tell Peter to have the 
lambs sent to Sunday-school, but told Peter 
to attend to tbe feeding himself. Every 
preacher ought to do his part helping to feed 
the lambs, and if he is not adapted to that 
kind of work, let him encourage those that 
are. We think every congregation ought to 
have meetings for the children, or else adapt 
their nleetings to the needs of children and 
young people. We know of two congrega- 
tions where the meetings are adapted to the 
needs of the young, and by the preaching 
and singing all are edified. Please, breth- 
ren, do not forget to feed the lambs. 


I now announce that I have made arrange- 
ments to retire from editorial work on the 
Gospel Messenger the first of March next. 
The ill health of my family makes this move, 
a necessity, hence, for their benefit I have 
decided to move to some place in a warmer 
climate. I tended my resignation last No- 
vember, and it was accepted by the Breth- 
ren's Publishing Co., provided I would remain 
on the paper till the first of March. It will 
be but a few weeks till that time will be here; 
then I will turn my part of the work on the 
Messenger over to other hands. I never 
owned any stock in the Brethren's Publishing 
Company, but have been working for a sal- 
ary. The publishers have treated me with 
the utmost kindness and great respect, and 

have urged me to retain my position on the 
paper, but the long cold Winters here are 
more than my family can endure and retain 
good health. I regret to leave the noble- 
hearted people of Northern Illinois, but it 
has become a necessity. 

I make this announcement this week that 
the readers of the Messenger may know of 
my intention. I shall have something more 
to say when I retire from the paper. My 
place of locating has not yet been fully de- 
termined upon, but must be in a much mild- 
er climate than this. I desire to locate where 
my work in the ministry is needed, and 
where I may have good mailing facilities on 
account of The Family Companion, which I 
shall also move; yet I feel that I would like 
to move to some place, where there is already 
a church of the Brethren. j. h. m. 


We have received several letters concern- 
ing the decision the elders rendered at Lan- 
ark last month. The point in question is 
this: We are asked to explain more fully 
what we meant by saying that "it is not ex- 
pedient for an elder to read a member out of 
the church, without first consulting the church 
on that point." 

We here state distinctly that there was no 
charge against any elder for doing that way, 
but the elder of the Lanark church requested 
the adjoining elders present to render a de- 
cision on that point, for he desired to know 
the mind of the elders in Northern Illinois 
respecting the duties of an elder in case a 
member refuses to accept what the church 
may lay upon him. Some elders are in the 
habit of informing the offending party, that 
since he refuses to accept the decision of the 
church, he may consider himself no longer a 
member. This they do without consulting 
the church on the point of expulsion. The 
elders present at that council held that the 
chiirch should say whether a brother must be 
expelled after refusing to accept what the 
church demands, and that it is the duty of 
the elder to always act as the servant of the 
church in such cases. The church makes a 
demand of an erring brother, and he refuses 
to hear the church. The elder must not tell 
that brother that he is now expelled, but must 
have him withdraw from the room, and then 
ask the church what to do with him. If the 
church votes to expel him, then it is the duty 
of the elder to make known to the erring 
brother the decision of the church. The el- 
der who thus stands behind the church, 
and acts as a servant instead of a master, will 
save himself from many perplexities and 
much trouble. We published the decision 
for the benefit of others, for there are those 
who do read members out of the church in 
the way referred to, and it is our desire to 
call their attention to the very doubtful pro- 
priety of doing so. j. h. m. 




We made an appointment to commence a 
series of meetings in the South Waterloo 
church. Iowa, Dec. 6, provided that no provi- 
e would hinder. We left our home on 
Monday evening the 3rd, and took the Hunt- 
i d Top Railroad to Cuinber- 
: ar waiting there about two hours, 
which gave us ample time to get dinner, we 
took a fast train for Chicago, on the Balti- 
more & Ohio Eoad. 

We had not traveled over this route for 
some years, and the pleasantness of the 
ther, the good condition of the road, the 
. accommodations afforded us in the car 
:eupied, and the places we passed, re- 
ling us of former years when we on 
k traveled through this region of 
country, trying to preach the Gospel to the 
Le, made our journey suggestive and en- 
From 1842 until 1854 we visited some of 
the places along the Baltimore & Ohio Road 
each year. The first place that we passed 
after leaving Cumberland, that reminded us 
of our travels in former years, was Keyser. 
Though this was not a point at which we 
preached, we passed through the place where 
the town now is, as we visited the congrega- 
tion on Patterson's Creek. Old Bro. Daniel 
Arnold was living, when we first became ac- 
quainted with the Brethren of this congre- 
gation. We were reminded of precious sea- 
sons that we had with the Brethren when we 
met here for holy worship. We had some 
dear Christian friends here. 

From Keyser on to Grafton there used to 
be quite a number of meeting places. In 
company with Bro. Jacob Thomas, Bro. Jas. 
Kelso, and other brethren, and often alone, 
we visited this country and preached to the 
people, and had some of those happy seasons 
that it is pleasant to remember, and as they 
; remembered, some of the happy feel- 
that we experienced in those by-gone 
A holy worship were brought back 
to the soul in our musings. 

The little stone house, some miles east of 
Terra Alta, in which Bro. Ashby lived, was 
brought vividly before our mind in our re- 
Lons. We did not see it, as it probably 
mger stands. Bro. Ashby had been a 
military man before he became a brother. — 
in the war of 1812, and was known 
by name as colonel Ashby, He was a man 
some T-tforuinence and influence in his day 
and in his country. He had been in the Vir- 
ginia Legislature. He married a sister 
n name was Polly Keyser, and 
a niece of Bro. John and Bro. Joseph Leath- 
Sbe was his third wife. He often 
elf as feeling thankful to the 
1 that he had been blessed with three 
the one he then bad, he val- 
ued tbe more highly, as he regarded her as 
of his conversion. Two more hap- 

py old people than they were, could not be 
easily found. That little stone house was 
one of our meeting places, and it was a bless- 
ed little sanctuary, where the Savior often 
met the little flock that met in his name to 
do honor to him. 

In the neighborhood in which Bro. Ashby 
lived, Bro. Hiram Messenger also lived. He 
was a young man of promise, but it was his 
lot to experience much affliction. He had a 
pious wife, but she was taken from him by 
death, and left him with four small children. 
He married again and moved to Armstrong 
Co., Pa., where he died. He lost his health 
before he left Virginia, and was an invalid 
several years before he died. He was a 
pious and faithful minister. 

As we traveled through the country and 
thought of former years and of former as- 
sociations with many dear brethren, we felt 
that we would like to visit again those plac- 
es made somewhat interesting to us because 
of our visits to them in former years. But 
should we do so, how few we would meet 
of those we formerly met! Many of them 
have gone from us here, but we trust they 
are worshiping in the upper sanctuary. And 
this is a happy thought, as are many that are 
awakened by the recollection of dear friends 
with whom we formerly associated. But, 
however pleasant it might be to as to notice 
other suggestive places on our journey, we 
must forbear. 

We arrived at Chicago the day after we 
left Cumberland, at about 8 P. M. The train 
made good time, the accommodations afford- 
ed on the train were good, and the journey 
from Cumberland was pleasant. After wait- 
ing about two hours in Chicago, we took 
a train on the Chicago & North-western 
Railway to Freeport. This is a good road to 
travel over. We found the accommodations 
very satisfactory. At Fieeport we took the 
Illinois Central to Waterloo, and arrived 
there about 11 o'clock, A. M. The brethren 
not expecting us quite so soon, were not at 
the train to meet us. 

We went to a hotel for dinner, not know- 
ing where any of the Brethren live. Learn- 
ing that Bro. Michael Reber lived in town, 
after dinner we went to his house, and we 
were received with brotherly love. Bro. Re- 
ber then took us out to Bro. E. K. Bueghly's 
in the South Waterloo church. Here we 
spent the night pleasantly, having often en- 
joyed the hospitality of Bro. Bueghly's fam- 
ily in Pennsylvania. 

On Thursday we were taken to Bro. Sam. 
Miller's, Bro. and sister Bueghly accompany- 
ing us. Here we took dinner and had a 
pleasant visit. In the afternoon we were 
taken by Bro. S. Miller to Bro. Matthias 
Miller's, near the South Waterloo meetings 
house, and here we made our home during 
the meeting. And a pleasant home it was to 
us, and we appreciated and enjoyed it. Sis- 

ter Miller is a daughter of sister Sal lie Berk 
ley, who is a sister to Bro. E. K. Bueghly. — 
Sister Berkley lives in the house with her 
son-in-law. She is a faithful sister, and pa- 
tiently waiting the Master's call to welcome 
her to her heavenly home. 

Our meeting commenced on the night of 
Dec. Gth in the South Waterloo church, and 
continued until Sunday the 16th. On Sun- 
day morning was our last meeting. The 
weather, a part of the time, was not very fa- 
vorable, but the attendance throughout was 
fair, considering all the surrounding circum- 
stances. The members attended well, and 
seemed to enjoy the services. The attention 
to the Word spoken was good, and a consid- 
erable degree of solemnity was manifested. 
Owing to the state of the weather and the 
roads, we did not get to visit as many of the 
families as we desired to do. 

With a considerable number of the mem- 
bers of the South Waterloo church we had 
been acquainted in Pennsylvania many ; 
ago, and they desired us to visit them at 
their homes, and it would have afforded us 
pleasure to have done so; but for the reason 
above given, we were denied that pleasure. — 
Our closing meeting on Sunday was particu- 
larly solemn and tender. We had been to- 
gether several days, and we all enjoyed our- 
selves, and much brotherly love was mani- 
fested, and we all regretted that our associa- 
tions as Christian friends must end for the 
time. But we tried to give comfort, and to 
take comfort from the thought that those 
pleasant associations will be renewed in 
bright future, and be renewed to continue 

We were taken to Waterloo by Bro. Reber. 
after our morning meeting on Sunday, the 
16th. Here our meetings commenced on that 
night, and continued until Friday night, 
when they closed. 

The Brethren have a pleasant meeting- 
house in Waterloo. Th.3 weather was cold 
and stormy at the commencement of our 
meeting, rand the Brethren from the country 
could not attend, as they would have done 
under other circumstances. The attendance, 
however, upon the whole, ^ as good, and what 
we have said in regard to our meetings in 
the South Waterloo church, will apply to the 
meeting in the town of Waterloo. We had 
prayer-meeting at several places in the after- 
noon. And these were very pleasant sea- 

At South Waterloo and in the town of 
Waterloo, during the meetings, we preached 
twice each day. On Friday evening, before 
the public service in the meeting-house, we 
held a Love-feast in the house of sister 
so. She was very much afflicted, and conse- 
quently could not attend the public meet- 
ings, and for her edification, and for the edi- 
fication of several old members in the town, 
the Love-feast was held. There were over 



iwenty members present, and the occasion 
vas a pleasant one. Sister Kelso is a widow. 
Her husband, Bro. Kelso, died about a year 
igo. He was the son of Bro. James Kelso, 
Dur fellow-laborer in the ministry in the 
George's Creek church for several years. — 
A.nd sister Kelso is the daughter of Bro. 
James Long, deceased. Sister Long, the 
mother of sister Kelso, lives near to her 
daughter. Sister Long is old and somewhat 
frail, but is happy in the prospect of a coin- 
5S plete deliverance from every temptation, sor- 
row and pain. The family of Bro. James 
Long formerly lived in the Patterson Creek 
church, Virginia. We preached in Bro. 
Long's house when we formerly visited that 
church. The members of his family are 
among those to whom we referred in the 
first part of this article, when we said, we 
had many dear Christian friends in the Pat- 
terson Creek church. And this being the 
case, it was very pleasant to visit the fami- 
lies of sister Long and sister Kelso, her 
daughter. Oar associations were very pleas- 
ant indeed. And that little Communion- 
meeting was a precious season of Christian 

During the time we spent in Waterloo, we 
made our home in the family of Bro. Keber. 
The kindness of the family we appreciated, 
and we shall remember it. 

After the Communion-meeting at sister 
Kelso's, we preached our last sermon in the 
meeting-bouse. We had a good, attentive 
and serious congregation., and an enjoyable 
meeting. Here we took our leave of many 
of the dear Christian friends of Waterloo. — 
As at the other church, there seemed to be a 
mutual regret that we must take the parting 
hand. After the meeting we went to the 
house of Bro. Speicher. Arrangements had 
been made for us to start for home from that 
place. As we could not leave until after 
midnight, and as it was too late to retire aft- 
er our meeting, a number of brethren as- 
sembled at the house of Bro. Speicher. The 
brother himself was not at home, and this 
we regretted. We had a very pleasant time 
here together. After enjoying ourselves to- 
gether in pleasant conversation for a while, 
we were called to supper; it was an excellent 
supper. After this we had a season of sing- 
ing and prayer. And this was a little spirit- 
ual feast to us. Soon after this, the ringing 
of the door bell indicated the presence of , 
the omnibus, and we prepared and took 
leave of the kind friends whose company we 
had enjoyed so much. Sister Speicher re- 
marked when we gave her farewell, "I will 
never forget this meeting." Well, we have 
not forgotten it; neither will we soon. 

Our visit to the two churches above named 
was very pleasant upon the whole to us. — 
While we enjoyed the friendship and hospi- 
tality of the brethren and sisters, which we. 
remember with grateful feelings to them for 
their kindness and hospitality, we also felt 

the presence of the Lord with us both in 
preaching and in retirement. We think of 
our fellowship with pleasant feelings, and 
shall continue to do so. In giving this sketch 
of our visit, we should like to have named 
many brethren and sisters, but we felt we 
could not well do so, and hence we have nam- 
ed but few in this notice of our visit. But 
we have them in our heart. We remember 
them and love them. 

On our way home we called at Mt. Morris. 
We spent the Lord's Day with the Brethren 
here. We preached in the morning and at 
night to attentive congregations. We attend- 
ed the Sabbath-school and Bible Class in the 
afternoon. It being the time of Holidays, 
the school was not in session. This we re- 
gretted. We had a pleasant little visit here, 
and regretted that we could not remain long- 
er. With all we saw and heard, we were 
pleased with the aspect of things in regard 
to our publishing business, the school and 
the church. 

To our Heavenly Father who has been 
"the guide of our youth," and our helper and 
comforter in our maturer years, we give the 
praise and glory for the preservation of our 
life during our journey, and for our safe ar- 
rival at home. 

Owing to some circumstances, the publica- 
tion of the notice of our journey West has 
been deferred. J. q. 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far 
country . 

From Palestine Church, O.— Feh. 4, 

We have again been made to rejoice by 
some of the dear Brethren coming to us and 
assisting our home ministers in holding some 
meetings. Bro. O. F. Yount came to us Jan. 
5 ; preached ten sermons, and while with us 
held forth the Word with great zeal and pow- 
er. He preached his closing sermon the 
evening of the 12th, to a large congregation. 
On the 25th, Elder John Knisley, of Indiana, 
came to us, and preached ten sermons. Had 
very good meetings. He labored under some 
disadvantage by having the meetings at four 
different places. He left us Feb. 1; may the 
rich blessing of God follow his labors. 

George Bakee. 

Baker, O. 

. ■♦ . 

Our Trip to Indiana; 

Pursuant to a call made by the Goshen 
church, Elkhart Co., Ind., Bro. Isaac Rairigh 
and the writer boarded the train at Lowell, 
Mich., on the morning of Dec. 31, 1883, bound 
for that place. We arrived about noon, and 
were met by Bro. David Helman, who con- 
veyed us to his home, where we were kindly 
cared. for. Nest day we were taken to Pine 
Creek church, where at 10: 30 A. M., we met 
a large audience of brethren and sisters and 
friends. We had a glorious New Year's 
meeting. We continued at this point day 

and night, one week, except one day. We had 
a meeting with sister Logan, a widow who is 
in affliction. Congregations were rather 
small for several days because of the very 
cold and stormy weather at that time, but we 
had excellent order and good interest. On 
Tuesday evening, Jan. 8, an intelligent young 
lady made application for baptism, which 
was attended to on Thursday, at the other 

On Wednesday evening there was an ap- 
pointment at the Goshen house, there being 
two houses of worship in this district; but by 
request I staid Wednesday night at the Pina 
Creek house, and Bro. Isaac Rairigh filled the 
other appointment. On Thursday, at 10 A. 
M., we met a good congregation. After meet- 
ing we went to the water-side, where prayer 
was wont to be made. On Thursday even- 
ing, Jan. 10, met again with a large and at- 
tentive audience; also on Friday and Friday 
evening, the interest and crowd increasing. — 
On Saturday, by request, preached the funer- 
al of an infant of friend Daniel Ganger; had 
a very solemn meeting, yet father and moth- 
er would not yield to the calls of the Savior. 
May the Lord hasten the day when they will 
prepare to meet the little lamb in heaven. — 
Met again on Saturday evening, when anoth- 
er soul was willing to follow Christ. On 
Sunday we resorted to the water again. An- 
other sister was raised, we trust, to walk in 
newness of life. In the evening, at an early 
hour, the large house was filled to its utmost 
capacity, sitting and standing where they 
could, and it was said that 200 or more went 
home, while a dwelling-house near by was 
filled with husbands waiting for their wives. 
Notwithstanding the large crowds we had 
splendid order and the waters were again 
troubled; five precious souls made their wants 

On Monday met again at 10 A. M. ; after 
meeting went to the water again, where five 
souls were buried with Christ, and we believe 
the angels rejoiced. Met again on Monday 
evening; house crowded, and two more made 
the good choice; one a brother's wife and the 
other a sister's husband, a man of uncommon 
intelligence and worth. So we again went 
to the water. On Tuesday, after meeting, we 
both went down into the water, and when we 
came out of the water — oh, the joy no tongue 
can tell! Tuesday evening we closed our 
good meetings with a crowded house and 
many tears shed. One sister told me, "This 
is the happiest day of my life." On Wednes- 
day morning I boarded the train; arrived at 
home safe that evening about 6 o'clock and 
found all well, praise the good Lord. I am 
not able to express my grateful and thankful 
feeling to the dear brethren and sisters for 
their acts of charity and brotherly kindness 
to us while with them. May the Lord reward 
them all abundantly, is my prayer. 

Isaiah Rairioh. 

Woodland, Mich. 

He who, when called upon to speak a dis- 
agreeable truth, tells it boldy and has done, 
is both bolder and milder than he who nib- 
bles in a low voice and never stops nibbling. 



From Tippecanoe, lml. 

Wl are having a series of meetings con- 
ducted by Brn John Sellers and Eli Miller 

Up to this ' time two have been received by 
confession and baptism and the prospects 
are good tor more to come soon. 

Nebi Swihart. 

From Falling Spring: Congregation, Pa, 

Bko. John M. Mohler, of Lewistonm, Pa., 
a to ns on the 9th of January, and re- 
mained with us until the evening of the 24th. 
He delivered in all twenty-one discourses, 
h resulted in one addition by baptism, 
and many good impressions were made. — 
May i: be as bread cast upon the waters, that 
it may be seen many days hence. Meetings 
were well attended, and good attention paid 
to the Word preached. The church has been 
built up. and we feel encouraged to push on 
the good cause, against all opposition. May 
the good Lord bless the labors of our dear 
brother, and at last give him a home in heav- 
en with all the sanctified. 

Wm. C. Koontz. 

From Girard, III.— Feb. 4. 

I thought I would send you a little church 
news, perhaps it will be of interest to many 
of the readers of the Messenger. Had the 
pleasure of listening to an able sermon deliv- 
ered yesterday in the West Otter Creek meet- 
.ouse, by 1). B. Gibson, subject, "faith." 
Bro. Gibson has moved to Macoupin county, 
and is living in our church. I attended a 
series of meetings in the Pleasant Hill con- 
gregation, the latter part of December. Had 
the pleasure of listening to eleven sermons 
by Bro. S. S. Mohler, of Missouri. He is 
an able speaker, and does not shun to declare 
the whole counsel of God. No additions 
during the meetings, but four have united 
with the church since. Chas. C. Gibson. 

Our Mission to the Middle Fork Church, 
Clinton Co., Ind. 

Arrived here January 10th, and commenc- 
ed meetings the same evening, and continu- 
ed until the evening of the 30th. Notwith- 
standing the extreme cold, we had good con- 
gregations, especially at night. The atten- 
and order were excellent during all of 
our meetings, and speak well for this peo- 
Had four meetings at the Upper meet- 
■:, one at Edna Mills, and the bal- 
ae large Center house, but the con- 
ation seemed to follow up the place of 
ting. The manifest result of those meet- 
i eleven precious souls admitted by 
• nd baptism; also one returned 
from the "Old Order" ranks. The cause 
ring here, and the mem- 
ber-, o realize that the work of the 
char aot only as a body, 
bat also individually. This is as it ought to 

for such 
•/. This congregation is un- 
der t of Eld. J. W. Metzger, assisted 
ylor, and Solomon Blick- 

enstaff, and a zealous corps of deacons. 1 
must, in conclusion, remember with pleasure 
the great kindness extended to me by all 
with .whom I was permitted to mingle, -while 
with them. 1 shall always remember the 
place. It may not be out of place to notice 
the name of sister Catherine Neher, widow 
of the late J. 1). Neher, and her family and 
her sister, with whom I stayed most of the 
time, it being near the place of meeting. — 
May the Lord bless them in their sore be- 
reavement, with all the rest, is my prayer. 

Lewis W. Teeter. 

The First District of Virginia, 

Was never more thoroughly aroused on 
the subject of ministerial activity than it is 
at this time. From present indications the 
baptisms resultant therefrom will far 
surpass, in number and solidity, the achieve- 
ments of years preceding. There will be 
series of meetings in most of the congrega- 
tions, and we hope in the first year after the 
division troubles, to regain most of the 
ground numerically lost, and we consider 
ourselves stronger spiritually than before.— 
Croaking and fault-finding are dangerous 
foes to the prosperity of a church. Our con- 
gregations are enjoying much love and peace. 

D. C. Moomaw. 

From Gilhoa, O.— Feh. 4. 

The protracted meeting in the Sugar 
Ridge church, was conducted by Bro. Wm. 
Boggs, of Covington, Ohio. The meetings 
commenced January 24th, and closed Febru- 
ary 3rd. The meetings were largely attend- 
ed. Bro. Boggs labored earnestly, warning 
the people of the wrath to come. The sub- 
ject of religion seemed to awaken much in- 
terest in the minds of the people, especially 
the last evening. He held forth the Word 
with great power, in which he made an 
urgent appeal to the young, to serve God 
while in their youth. One precious soul 
was made happj- in a Savior's love, • while 
others hesitated, being almost persuaded to 
be Christians. His labors will long be re- 
membered among us. The church is greatly 
encouraged to go on in this grand and glori- 
ous cause. Bro. Boggs is a zealous worker 
in his Master's vineyard. 


From John Wise,— Jan. .'51 

minister would locate there, so the meetinj 
may be more frequent. We are having ni 
weather here now. Some of the farm? 
think they will sow oats next week, if tl 
weather remains so nice. Plowing for tl 
Spring crop will soon be the order of tl 
day. This is the anniversary ofrnylivii 
in Kansas. One year ago we landed in W« 
lington, the county-seat of Sumner count 
We like Kansas very well, indeed. 
Swedonia, Kan. 

From North Manchester, Ind. 

February 2nd was the occasion of a vei 
pleasant council-meeting, held in the Ee 
River congregation. Matters were adjust* 
we believe, to the satisfaction of all present 
One was received by letter, one reclaim* 
and one received by baptism. The membei 
of said church seem to be peaceably dispos-j 
eel and are evidently progressing under the 
care and management of Elder Samuel Leck-| 
rone. D. C. Crite. 

From Painter Creek Church, O. 

I closed a meeting the 27th of January, 
at Crite's school-house in the South-western f 
part of this (Slate Creek) congregation, near 
Argonia. Held ten meetings. Bro. John 
Holler assisted part of the time. We had 
very pleasant meetings, good attendance and 
good attention. We think the outlook is 
very favorable for doing a good work in that 
region. Although we had no accessions, we 
hope the seed sown will bring a rich harvest. 
There are some, we think, near the kingdom. 
There was an expression of satisfaction with 
the doctrine. I delivered a course of doctrin- 
al sermons. We have meetings every four 
weeks at that place. Wish some worthy 

We have in this district two ckurch-hous' 
built by the district alone, known as tb 
Pittsburg house and the Painter Creek house, 
and another in the village of Georgeto' 
built by this district and the Salem churc 
jointly. At the last-named house, Bro. Lan- 
don West commenced a meeting on the even, 
ing of the 28th of January, and continue 
until the evening of the 4th of Febuary, re- 
sulting in much good. Bro. Landon confin- 
ed himself entirely to preaching the Word, 
as Paul instructed Timothy to do. He wasi 
ed no time in describing death-bed scenes, 
and terrible railroad accidents, etc., to excite 
and scare people, but preached the Gospel 
with power and demonstration, thus appeal- 
ing to the intellect, instead of the passions of 
the hearers. As an immediate result, eleven 
were added to the church by confession and 
baptism, and the members much encouraged. 
Many of the hearers are searching the Script- 
ures to see whether these things be so. and 
we are anxious, expecting more to come into 
the fold soon. Our heart's desire and pray- 
er is that they might all be saved. Bro. 
Landon preached one sermon to the chil- 
dren, there being about one hundred and 
eighty of them in the congregation. Be 
attention cannot be given by any eong: 
tion of people, old or young. In prayer ev- 
ery little knee bowed, oh, what an example 
for congregations of older people. Will we 
•not all pray that the good Lord will contin- 
ue to bless our great Brotherhood? 

Jesse Stutzxax. 

From Potato Creek Church, Montaromery 
Co., Ind. 

The brethren and sisters have been much 
built up in their holy religion, bj- the coming 
of our much esteemed brother in the Lord. 
Charles Burns, of Goshen, Ind , who cam 
evening of Jan. 5th, accompanied by Bro. S:.u:. 
Tilery, of Camden, Ind. The)- comme: 
preaching the night of the fifth and continued 



ntil the eleventh, battling for the church, 

gainst fearful odds on the other side, hold- 

ig up the Word of Li£a in its clear terms 

ay and night, after which Bro. Ulery left 

| lor other fields of labor. Bro. Burns stayed 

nd preached again, on Saturday night. 

: ne of his telling discourses, which began to 

Ipll. There was a stir in the camp of sin, and 

|:n Sunday he held fo th the Word again in 

[I he power and demonstration of the spirit of 

Ij&od, to a large and attentive congregation, 

Bpi which He was so plain in his remarks that 

npng will that day's work be remembered by 

ihauy who had the opportunity of hearing him. 

■Lt night the house was filled to overflowing. 

I j)n Monday morning one could see that the 

/Vord spoken had fallen into good soil. Two 

ame out and made confession, and at night 

.gain two more came forward. Then joy was 

n the camp of the saints. On Tuesday morn- 

ng one more came out, after which it had been 

nnounced that the ordinance of baptism 

vould be attended to. Retiring to the cold 

tream, nearly the entire congregation went 

o see five tender lambs buried with Christ 

>y baptism. Martin Bowers. 

ant Grove. It is very rainy just now, and the 
roads quite muddy. The Gospel Messenger 
is well represented among the members here, 
which shows that they appreciate the labors of 
our editorial brethren. 

John A. Studebaker. 

From Four Mile Church, Union Co., Intl. 
—Jan. 30. 

Last evening we closed a short series of 
meetings in our White Water meeting-house. 
We commenced on Friday, Jan. 25th. On 
Saturday, the 26th, Bro. Lewis Ivinsey of the 
Nettle Creek congregation, came . to us, and, 
with the assistance of the home ministers, la- 
lored faithfully in word and doctrine, 
until the close. The congregations were large 
,nd attentive. The church seems much re- 
dved and built up. One precious soul made 
willing to come out on the Lord's side, and 
to be received into the church by baptism, 
and one reclaimed. May the Lord help them 
to live faithful. Wm. McWhorter. 

From the Upper Twin Church, Gratio, 
Ohio.— J"au. 31. 

On Jan. 13th, we commenced a series of 
meetings. Our ministry was aided by Bro. 
Daniel Wysong, of Northern Ind., who held 
forth the Gospel in its purity. Interest in 
the meetings increased until the close, and 
we were sorry to hear that Bro. D. had to 
leave for other appointments. The imme- 
diate result of our meetings was the addition 
of two young ladies to the church by confes- 
sion and baptism, and our members much 
built up in that most holy faith. May God 
abundantly bless our dear Bro. Daniel. We 
are happy to say to yc u 1 1 at r. t f ce and un- 
ion seem to abound amongst us. 

H. C. Butterbauoh. 


From Pleasant Grove, Kan. 

The District Meeting for North-eastern 
Kansas will be held in this congregation, the 
first Saturday in April. We have decided to 
hold meeting in Lawrence the fourth Sunday 
in each month. There are now about thirty 
members living in the city. We have organ- 
ized a Bible Class in town: also over at Pleas- 


The District Meeting of Nebraska, will be 
held with the Brethren at Dorchester, Saline 
county, on the 11th and 12 th of April. Del- 
egates coming by rail will stop off at Dor- 
chester on the day before. Meeting to com- 
mence at 9 A. M. By order of the church. 

Isaac Gadberry, 

■ ♦ ■ 

From Barnard, Nodaway Co., Mo. 

-Feb. 5. 

The White Cloud congregation is now 
holding its second series of meetings for this 
Winter. Elder S. C. Stump, of Falls City, 
Neb., is among us, and is doing convincing and 
soul-stirring preaching. The meeting open- 
ed with fair attendance. We expect to con- 
tinue several weeks. May God give the in- 
crease. When we close we will give you 
results. S. A. Honberger. 

From Somerset, Pa.— Feb. 7. 

I have returned home from a series of meet- 
ings in the Rush Creek congregation, Ohio. I 
held meetings at two different points in the 
same congregation. Three were added by 
baptism. . The church had some trouble on ac- 
count of the different elements, but the pros- 
pects for good are now increasing; and indi- 
cations for building up the church are now 
favorable. Silas Hoover. 

From Morrill, Kansas.— Feb. 3. 

The Morrill church has been having a se- 
ries of meetings, attended by Bro. John Eby 
and others. To day two dear young souls 
came out on the Lord's side and were baptized. 
Oh it makes the heart rejoice to see the young 
and tender lambs flee to Jesus for^ safety. 
May the Lord bless and keep them from evil. 
We think there are others, also, who are 
counting the cost. Our Church seems to be 
moving along peaceably. The members, no 
doubt, feel to rejoice, for what their ears have 
heard, and what their eyes have seen. 

Clinton S. Eisenbise. 

From Greentown, Ind. 

We have closed our series of meetings for 
this time. Bro. Joseph E. Spitzer came the 
19th of January. Commenced the meetings 
and continued until the 23rd. Bro. David 
Caylor came, and the Brethren labored earn- 
estly for the Master's cause. Four made 
the good start for the better country. One 
of the number arose and stated that he 
thought it was time for him to commence to 
live a better life. It was very cold and we 
had to cut the ice to get to the water, but 
they were willing to obey God rather than 
men. One was reclaimed, and one came to 

us some time ago, making, in all, six since 
our Love-feast. Oliver Capson. 


The District Meeting for Iowa and Minne- 
sota, will be held in the Cold Water church, 
Greene, Iowa, on Monday, two weeks before 
Annual Meeting. We desire all the churches 
to be represented from the different congre- 
gations. J. E. ElKENBERRY. 

Greene, la 

From Centerview Church, Mo. 

We are, at present, holding a protracted 
meeting. Eld. J. S. Mohler is laboring for 
us, and is holding forth the Word with pow- 
er. The roads are rough, therefore our con- 
gregations are not so large, yet the interest 
is good. We hope the church will be reviv- 
ed, and sinners be brought to see their con- 
dition, and be brought in the fold. 

Amanda Witmore. 

From Swamp Creek Congregation, O, 

We had a very refreshing meeting. Bro. 
Joseph Longanecker came to us on the 2nd 
and staid with us until yesterday, the 7th. — 
He preached ten interesting sermons. r On 
account of rainy weather, and muddy roads, 
our congregations were small, but the inter- 
est was very good. The immediate results 
of our meetings were, the members were very 
much revived, and four precious young per- 
sons were baptized for the remission of sins. 
They were between fourteen and twenty 
years of age. Others are seriously counting 
the cost. May God help them so they may 
not count too long. Our meetings closed too 
soon, but we pray that God may bless the 
Word preached. H. C. Longanecker. 

From Liost Creek, Pa.— Feb. 8. 

The church here has been very much 
built up and strengthened in the faith during 
the past Winter. We had a very good meet- 
ing in the Fall by J. M. Mohler, and think 
the church is in very good working order. — 
We have established two Bible Classes, one 
at Goodwill, and one at Freespring, and 
there is quite an interest taken in them, thus 
far. W e think our labors are not in vain in 
the Lord. On last Sunday a week, 'one more 
precious soul came out on the Lord's side, 
and was baptized for the remission of sins. 
We had to cut the ice, which was about one 
foot thick. This makes about fourteen dur- 
ing Fall and Winter. Hope the Lord may 

call many more. 

John Zook. 

From Cornell, 111.— Feb. 11 

While Bro. C. S. Holsinger labored with 
us iiver last Lord's day, one came out, made 
the good confession, and was baptized on 
Sunday Feb. 10th. Hence the good work is 
still going on, and our prayer is that it may 
continue. K. Heckman. 

Earnest work for Christ is the best means 
of spiritual culture. 



From the Pleasant View Church, Wash- 
ington Co., Tenn. — Jan. 25. 

We are in love and union; hpve had thirty- 
three additions during the past year, averag- 
ing iu s.ce from 13 to 96 years. One old man 
•on the '2ud day of April. He 

..- e:\-six years, one month and nine days 

the day he was baptized. He was in the 
Avar of lSl'J, and never was in any church till 
he joined the church of the Brethren. He 
came in the eleventh hour, but is now gone to 

spirit land: he died last Nov.; only in the 
the church here a short time. I am just 
home from a visit to the Brethren in Floyd 

Va. Labored in Hylton with the Breth- 
ren over two weeks; had small congregations 

Irstweek. Hylton is four miles from the 

Brick Church, in Floyd Co. Here is where 

the Mountain Xorrnal School is located, Bro. 

John B. Wrightsman is principal. They have 

;1 school and I hope it will be a success, 

good school is needed in that part. We 
think that Brother John is the right man in 
the right place. They have a good commo- 
dious house here. The Brethren use the chap- 
el for a place of worship. We preached in 
the evenings and twice on Saturdays; had 
twelve meetings in all, in the Chapel; made 
this a center and in day time preached in 

d-houses three and four miles off. This 
drew the people together. The first week 
it was very cold and disagreeable to be out, yet 
we tried to preach the best we could. The 
second week it moderated some and our con- 
gregations increased all the time we staid, with 
interest and additions at every meeting to the 
close: thirty-five were received in all by con- 
fession and baptism. All enjoyed the meet- 
ing; we staid our time out, and had to meet 
other appointments on our homeward trip. 
Left the meeting in the hands of the Breth- 
ren to continue. I hope that many more 
joined in with the people of God, before the 
meeting closed. The time we were with the 
church there passed off pleasantly. I found 
many warm hearts; sorry that we had to part 
with them; hope we shall ali meet where part- 
E 5 no more. The Eider of this congregation 
is H. P. HyLon. John B. Hylton and J. H. 

lec have the oversight of the members 

belonging to the Brick Church in Floyd Co., 

Va. We preached our last sermon on Jan. 20 

at the Chapel to a crowded house. At the 

of *the meeting eight precious souls 

; out on the Lord's side, while many 
■■'.•anting the cost. Truly this was 

•';ticglong to be remembered; yet we had 

art amidst tears and greetings, no more 
perhaps to meet till the congregated world 
shall be assembled at the bar of God. 

F. W. Dove. 

Fro. m the Sand lii<\%<t Church, Ohio. 

>. Jacob Heistand from Wyandot Co., 

) as on the evening of the lUth of 

to hold a series of meetings. The 

ted out to us clearly; the 

A Jan. 30th. The attention 

Is were very 

attention to the Word spoken 

and g all the meetings; we 

felt sorry when our meetings closed and we 
believe that many good and lasting impres- 
sions were made, but no one was willing to 
start in the good cause of our Master. Much 
good seed was sown at those meetings which 
we hope will be gathered in the harvest not 
many days hence.. Bro. Heistand is an efficient 
worker in the Master's cause and by his pow- 
er of speech and convincing points of Gospel 
truth, won unto him attentive congregations. 
Bro. John Burns while riding to the meet- 
ing the night of Jan. 29th, in the sleigh, 
was thrown therefrom and dislocated ' his 
shoulder. He is a deacon in the church and 
was missed much in our meeting; we hope 
he will recover soon. J. A. Roberts. 

From Roanoke, Va.— Jan. 30. 

The Peter's Creek congregation in this 
county has closed this evening a very delight- 
ful and successful series of meetings which 
were conducted by Bro. A. Hutchison of Mo. 
As the immediate result of the meetings we 
report five baptisms, two reclaimed and oth- 
ers almost persuaded. A very healthful, spir- 
itual feeling pervades the entire community, 
and the members, especially, have received 
much spiritual strength. Bro. Hutchison 
preaches sound, apostolic doctrine and he does 
it in such a way that sinners mast be con- 
victed and scofferes silenced, and the Fath- 
er's children edified and built up in the 
Gospel faith. One feature, relative to those 
who were baptized, was their extreme youth. 
Four were young girls aged respectively thir- 
teen, fourteen, fifteen and eighteen years, 
and to intensify our joy for the meeting, the 
youngest was our fourth child, Bertha V. 
aged thirteen years and nine months, and 
the first of our children in the church. It 
is therefore a new experience to us, and one 
so full of present happiness that we cannot 
find a suitable phrase whereby to express it. 
Surely the Lord has been gracious to us. 
How beautiful are the spotless lambs, safely 
sheltered in the bosom of the good Shepherd! 
They will never feel the hardness of Satan's 
service. Their first experience in the world of 
personal responsibilty will be manifestations 
of a dear Redeemer's love. They will grow to 
mature years under the fostering culture of 
the Holy Spirit and ere Satan can estrange 
from a Savior's love they will be far up the 
Pilgrim's way to the beautiful gate. Oh, chil- 
dren, who read this, let the blessed Savior 
come into your hearts before it is stained 
'with sin, and none can be happier on earth 
or in heaven than you. D. C Moomaw. 

From Salem, Va.— Jan. 22. 

The good work of the Master still contin- 
ues; for when I pick up the Messenger, I 
see good reports from the different parts of 
the great harvest field of the Lord. For the 
past two weeks I have been traveling too 
much to accomplish anything. This is one 
of the great deficiencies in the Brethren's 
method of work. We must have concentra- 
tion of efforts before we cf>n reasonably ex- 
pect to accomplish much. And in order to 

have your congregation benefitted, and yo 
converts truly and thoroughly converted, y 
need to preach the doctrine until it is w< 
understood. Do not undertake to teach 
ners that they must wash one another's U 
to make them Christians. For if you were 
succeed in. getting them to believe it, 
efforts are all lost, and they are 
Teach them first how to com? to 
then the ordinances come in as a work ft' 
Christians to do. And when they are 
erly employed, they give 
of them. We are laboring with the Bt- 
of the Peter's Creek 
Co., Va. The weather has been pi . 
for this latitude for the last month, a 
deal of ice in the roads, which interferes wit 
the attendance at church :withst? 

the weather is inclement and the roads icj 
and the nights dark, the people still coin 
and we trust the meetings will result in 
to the cause here. This is one of the ] 
where the church has suffered by the intrc due 
tion of the "Resolutions." We trust the Lor< 
will yet bring order out of confusi i 
congregation is under the care of Eld. J. W 
Eller, and we feel that with the assistance o: 
the faithful brethren who are working witl 
him, this faithful band of brethren an| 
sisters will maintain their position, as faith* 
ful adherents to the time-honored u 
our people. A. H~ 

From New Paris, Intl.— Jan. 2 1 .). 

Meeting, yesterday, passed off | 
ly with an unusually large number of mei- : 
present in good working order with the 
eral Brotherhood. We had two serie- I 
meetings at one time, assisted by R» 1 

Stuckman, at the large church with twelve ad- 
ditions and Bro. Jesse Calvert at ths '. '. 
with eight additions; and our eongregs 
much revived; members and others voting fop 
meetings to be continued by home ministers. 

Daniel Shiyely. 

From Siuifield, Mich.— Jan. 13. 

On Saturday evening last, brethren Isaia 
Bairigh and Samuel Smith, from our r 
boring churches of Woodland and The: 
pie, came to Suufield district to hold fort_ thflj 
Word of Life. Bro. J. G. Winey was alsc 
us on Sunday morning, when he rettn - 
home. The other Brethren remained and the 
meetings were continued until last Wednes- \ 
day evening. Preaching at 10 A. M. and; 
7. P. M. each day, except Wednesday, - 
our special council to prepare for District 
Meeting took the place of 10 o'clock mec 
The Brethren presented the Word in its puri-. 
ty and with power: result, one dear brother 
made the good confession, and was led 
the liquid stream: there, we trust, to bur- 
old man with his deeds and arise to 
newness of life. Tie at tendance a' the even- 
ing meetings was good. Attention and : 
est were also very good, and we thiiA 
church has been strengthened and bail 
spiritually. At our council-meeting c 
day our Elder B. Fryfogle was chosen 
gate to represent this church at our co 



District Meeting. In this portion of Michigan 
we have had good sleighing nearly all of this 
month. The past few days were warm and 
yesterday it rained a part of the day, but to- 
day it is cold again and the roads are very icy. 
Health is quite good generally among us, for 
which we feel to thank the Giver of all good. 

Peter B.Messner. 

From the Solomon Creek Church, Iml. 

Bro. Jesse Calvert began a protracted meet- 
ing in Pleasant View Chapel, Kosciusko Co., 
Ind., Jan. 27tb, preaching day and night. As 
an immediate result of his labors, eight came 
out and were baptized, and the church was 
much revived. Bro. Calvert was then called 
to other fields of labor and your unworthy cor- 
respondent continued the meeting until Feb. 
3rd, and received six more by baptism and one 
more applicant. While our meetings were 
going on, the brethren at the "big church" 
'four miles north of the Chapel were also en- 
gaged in a protracted effort. Brethren Davis 
Younce, Peter Stuckman and D. Shively con- 
ducted this meeting, and continued the meet- 
ing between two and three weeks. As an im- 
mediate result of their meeting thirteen made 
the good confession and were buried by 
baptism to arise and walk in newness of life. 
These meetings were both held in the bounds 
of the Solomon's Creek church. I am now 
at a meeting in the Bock Bun congregation. 
Hope that much good may be accomplished 
by the Lord's ministers everywhere. 

W. B. Deeter. 

From the Platte Valley Church, 
Xeb — Jau. 22. 

We closed an interesting series of meet- 
ings last night. We had twelve meetings in 
all. Old Bro. Mast came and helped our 
home ministers. We hope and pray God 
that there were good impressions made, for 
they spared not to defend the whole counsel 
of God. This little church is in love and un- 
ion so far as I know. The Winter is mild; 
health generally good. A good chance here 
for those who are seeking homes. Old Bro. 
John Snowberger is going to locate in this 
arm, from York Co. J. F. Cltne. 

From Salem, 111.— Feb. 1. 

The brethren and sisters of the Salem 
church, Marion Co., 111., held a series of 
meetings, commencing Jan. 20, lasting until 
the 30th, during which time there were four 
added to the church; the church now numbers 
thirty-six members. It was organized by 
Joseph Cripe, in the year 18G0. The meet- 
ing was not largely attended, but the atten- 
tion was good, and closed with increasing in- 
terest. The members think they have been 
neglected ; they spoke of several of the old 
brethren that they thought ought to visit 
them. Brethren that expect to travel through 
Southern Illinois this season, should not for- 
get to give them a call. Write to Andrew 
. Neher, fc'alem, Marion County, 111. The 
brethren in the ministry are Andrew Neher 

and Daniel Ulery ; they think they need help. 
Would say to the Brethren seeking for cheap 
homes, that farms can be bought there very 
low at this time, and if the leaven is proper- 
ly worked, there is a chance to build up a 
large church. Allen Tailor. 

From the Middle Fork Church, 
Ind. — Feb. 1. 

Bro. Lewis W. Teeter commenced preach- 
ing in this congregation, Jan. 19, and closed 
on Jan. 30. He preached the Gospel in its 
primitive purity to large congregations. Dur- 
ing the meetings eleven persons were receiv- 
ed into the fold by baptism, which caused 
'much rejoicing in the church. Others are 
counting the cost. May God bless Bro. Tee- 
ter for his visit of love among us. 

John E. Metzger. 

Edna Mills, Ind. 

From Lost "Natioo, Iowa.— Jan. 31, 

I left my home on the 26th, on a trip to 
visit a few of the churches in Iowa, stopped 
over Sunday with the Arnold's Grove Church, 
attended a funeral of sister Doughty, on Sun- 
day, who suffered intensely, and finally died 
of that dreadful disease, cancer. Bro. D. B. 
Eby, my companion in travel, labored with 
the brethren at Hickory Grove, over Sunday. 
Expect him here to-day, and intend the Lord 
willing, to go as far as Dallas Co. ; had meeting 
last evening. Expect to remain over Sunday. 

E. Forney. 

committee who have not received anything. 
Please attend to this matter soon, so that we 
can get it off our hands, and the brethren 
get their money. Send it to the undersign- 
ed, at Centreview, Johnson Co. Mo. 

A. Hutchison. 
We suggest that Bro. Hutchison immedi- 
ately publish in the Messenger the amount 
due from each District, and ask the clerk of 
these Districts to lay the matter before the 
District Meeting, and urge an immediate re- 
sponse. One-half the Districts do not now 
know what their quota is. 

From Cornell, 111.— Jan. 30. 

Again we are made to rejoice by the coming 
of our esteemed Elder, J. H. Mast. We have 
no elder living in our District, and his labors 
are needed. Come on, brethren, there is yet 
room for more; for the harvest is great, and 
the laborers are few. We had been looking 
for that dear old veteran of Christ, Eld. T. 
D. Lyon, to be with us; but have been in- 
formed that his companion (the dear sister), 
has been taken ill again. The Lord be with 
her. K. Heckman. 

Confidence always pleases those who re- 
ceive it. It is a tribute we pay to their mer- 
it, a deposit we commit to their trust, a 
pledge that gives them a claim upon us, a 
kind of dependence to which we voluntarily 

Never choose a friend that you feel you 
have lowered your standard of pu ity and 
! right one single inch to gain. If you cannot 
The Upper Twin Creek Meeting-.— Jan. 30. ; s tep up in your friendships, you need not 

step down. Baise your standard and stand 
by it. 

AVe truly feel thankful to our Heavenly 
Father for the good meetings we have enjoy- 
ed here in our midst. We commenced a se - 
ries of meetings on the 13th of January, at 
the Central house, conducted by Daniel Wy- 
song, and notwithstanding the inclemency of 
the extreme cold weather most of the time, 
the attendance was good, and much interest 
seemed to exist. The Word of*the Lord was 
preached with such power and earnestness 
that the converted were built up in their 
most holy faith. And the unconverted ones 
were made to feel their need of a Savior, and 
two were made willing to forsake sin by unit- 
ing themselves with the church by baptism. 
Our meetings closed Jan. 27. 

Isaac Young. 
Gratis, Ohio. 

Revision Money. 

The money for the revision committee 
comes in so very slowly, that I thought I had 
best call attention to this matter through 
this medium. I presume the brethren have 
just forgotten it. Now Brethren, the breth- 
ren who spent their time to do that work 
ought to have received the small amount al- 
lowed them long ago. But I cannot send 
it to them until it is forwarded to me. Sev- 
eral of the Districts have sent in their quota, 
and it has been handed over to members of 
the committee; yet there are several of the 

The Gospel Messenger, 

A kkligious weekly, published in the interest of the 
Brethren, or German Baptist church, is an uncompro- 
mising advocate of Primitive Christianity in all its an- 
cient purity. 

It recognizes the New Testament as the only infallible 
rule of faith and practice. 

And maintains that the sovereign, unmerited, unso- 
licited grace of God is the only source of pardon, and 

That the vicarious sufferings and meritorious works of 
Christ are the only price of redemption : 

That Faith, Repentance and Baptism are conditions of 
pardon, and hence for the remission of sins: 

That Trine Immersion or dipping the candidate three 
times, face-forward is Christian Baptism: 

That Feet- Washing, as taught in John 13, is a divine 
command to be observed in the church : 

That the Lord's Supper is a full meal, and in connec- 
tion the Communion, should be taken in the even- 
ing, or after the close of the day : 

That the Salutation of the Holy Kiss, or Kiss of Chari- 
ty, is binding upon the followers of Christ: 

That War and Retaliation are contrary to the spirit 
and self-denying principles of the religion of Jesus Christ: 

That a Non-Conformity to the world in dress, customs 
daily walk and conversation is essential to true holineES 
and Christian piety. 

It maintains that in public worship, or religious exer- 
cises, Christians should appear as directed in 1 Cor. 

It also advocates the scriptural duty of anointing the 
sick with oil in the name of the Lord. 

In short, it is a vindicator of all that Christ and the 
Apostles have enjoined upon us, and aims, amid the con- 
flicting theories and discords of modern Christendom, to 
point out ground that all must concede to be infallibly 

Price, $1.50 per annum. Sample copy and agent's 
outfit free. Address Brethren's Publishing Co., Mount 
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W» irnish any book 

in the market at puhlisl - price. 

. . - • ;.ty. 

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t rel ' - 

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Bibl - s Price $2 

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value Bet. Price, $1.50, 

Jnaispeitsable Hand-Rook — Full of 

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Gospel Facts— a four-page tract on im- 
portant troths eSlOcts. 

f. i/*' *rf Ilotnc — . 

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V<:>! RM«i irbmilM— A useful physiologi- 

■\>rk for everybody. Price. §1.60. 

yiental Science— An excellent work for 
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Skillful 11 otiseic ife— Contains important 

3 for eYery-day affairs. Cloth. 75cts. 

man anil English Testaments— 

i ::ety Edition. Price, 75cts. 

Voice of Seven Tim nders — By J. L. 

in. An excellent work on the Revela- 
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On Trine Immersion — By Bro. Moo- 

■ T i:i an acceptable 

.-ner. Price. TLc'ie. 

t 'ruden's Concordance — A very com- 
plete work. Price, library sheep. £2.25: 
Imperial edition. >3.E0. 

•ersalism Against Itself — By 
Hali. One of the best works against TJni- 
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Ancient Ch ristian ify E.vent pi ified— 

ieman. An interesting work of the 
days gone by. Price, %'i. 00. 

rtcHson and He relation— By R. Milli- 
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Children's Tracts— Something nice for 
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Bible School Echoes— ByD. F. Eby. — 
book for Sunday-schools. Board 
25cts; per dozen. $2.50. 

lition Bible Dictionary— Gives an ae- 

. ate account of every place and person 
:oned ifl the Bible. Price, $1.50. and Owen's Debate — Con- 
uiplete investigation of the evi- 
s of Christianity. Price, $1.5U. 

History of Htinish Mission— By M. M. Gives a complete account of 
and progress. Price, 2l)cts. 

Reference and Pronouncing Testa- 

it. Invaluable to Sunday-school teach- 
er- and Bible Students. Price, $1.00. 

Brown's Pocket Concordance —This 
reliable, low-priced work, and 
very handy for reference. Price, 5Ucts. 

Close Communion — By Landon West, 
us important subject in a simple 
>ugh ( occlusive manner. Price 4'jcts. 

Emphatic Biaytott — Contains the ori- 

- ial Greek text with an in'terlineary word- 

. English translation. Price, $4.U0. 

One Baptism— By J . H Moore. Proves 
conclusively that trine immersion is Chris- 
tian baptism. Price lOcts; 12 copies, $1.00. 

Auhiy tile's History of the Re forma- 

. :>'■--( work extant on < his i 

5 •: As. Price, $6.00. 

Kingdom of God— By James Evans. 
i the r.atare, duration of 

; 8 copi 


,b<-\l and Pnreell's Debate On 

. . • Catl olic religion and 

mplete on that subject. Price, 

Tin: 1 louse tre IAve in— By Daniel Vani- 
ount of the faith 
hren. Price, 100 

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Feet-Washing- By 3. F. Ebersole. Tbia 

:arding the 


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g the Jloly 

yle Immersion 

- at Antiquities 

- . Bible 

Trine Immersion Traced to the 

Apostles, l-iy I 11. Moore. An excellent, 
clear and logical treatise on the subject. — 
Price lacts; 8 copies, $1.1 0. 

The Christian System —By Alexander 

Campbell. A good woriv on the union of 
Christians and the restoration of primitive 
Christianity. Price. $1.50. 

Perfect Plan of Salvation: or Safe 
Ground. By J. H. Moore. Shows that the 
Brethren's position is infallibly safe. — 
Price, lOcts; 12 copies $1.00. 

Family Bible— This isafineand very com- 
plete work. New and old version side by 
side concordance and everything usually 
found in Bibles of the kind. Price only 
8-1 ■ 25. ES**Sei)t by express only . 

Sabbat ism- By 11. M. Eshelman. Treats 
the Sabbath question, showing that the 
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SI .00. 

Barnes Xotes— On the New Testament.— 

11 vol's: cloth 16.50 

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the set 4 50 

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set 3 00 

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ESP" Any of the above works sent post- 
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$W° Address Brethren's Publishing Co 

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No advertisement accepted for less than 1 00 

Young Disciple and Youth's Advance. 

A neatly printed illustrated weekly intended 
for children and Sunday-school purposes. 
Price only fifty cents per annum, It is so 
cheap that it should commend itself to every 
family. Send for sample copies and Agents' 
outfit. Address Brethren's Pi\blishing Co. 

Certificates of Membership 


This is undoubtedly the most convenient 
as well as the neatest blank-book for the pur- 
pose, ever issued. Every congregation should 
have one, and will then be enabled to keep a 
correct record of every certificate issued, on 
the stub which permanently remains in the 
book. Price per book, bound substantially, 
50cts, post-paid. Address Brethren's Pub- 
lishing Co. 

Just What You ITeed! 

For the convenience of our patrons and 
f riendn, we now offer to send post-paid, 100 
sheets of paper, bound in nice pads, in beauti- 
fully designed covers, with blotter on the in- 
side, at the following prices per pad of 100 


No.6 White, Superfine SOcts 

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. :. I rrand Quadrille Letter, superfine 

quality, 80cts 

No. 7!. Commercial Note, to be folded, 

superfine lOcts 

These are all first-cla ■ 11 give 

ctloit. Bend for a pad ana try it. 
Please ordei • ■ ber 


Economic Pencil Tablets. 

The best in quality for the price. Send for 
a sample lot which we send post-paid for 25 
cents. Address Brethren's Publishing Co. 


These envelopes have a summary of the 
fundamental principles of the chuich neatly 
printed on the back. They can go as silent 
missionaries and do effective work in locali- 
ties where our doctrine is not known. Price, 
15cts per package of 25; lOcts per 100. Address 
Brethren's Publishing Co . 

Victor Liver Syrup. 

FORMULA of Dr. P. D. Fahrney— the grea 
Liver and Blood Kenovator and Family 
Medicine. Price, $1.00 per bottle: "ample 
bottles 25cts. Agents wanted every-where : 
send for circulars and sell Victor Liver Syrup. 
Pain Balm, Cough Syrup. Infants' Belief, 
Liver Pills and Liniment. Address: 

P. O. Box 584 . Frederick. Md . 

Some of the Many Letters Re- 
ceived by Us. 

Pleasant Vii;w, Juniata Co., P a. 
Dec. 24. 1888. 

Dear Sibs:— Two of our children had 
the Whooping Cough and we tried your 
Compound Syrup of Wild Cherry, 
and it acted like a charm. Yours, 

Rev. C. Myebs. 

The Brethren's Publishing Co., is prepared 
to do tirst-class job printing. We can print 
anything you may (rant, f r orn ac ■ 
a large, well-bound volume. Pa • 
velopes. letter bee .-neDte 

and business cards made a specialty, bend to 
us for terms before going elsewhere. A 
Brethren's Publishing Co. 



cents to all except last year's customers 
(to whom it is sent free). To all others 
who enclose ONE SILVER DIME 
for it, I will mail at the same time, with- 
out further charge, 1 packet each of 
(both of the very best of their 
varieties and will eost you 20 
cents, if not ordered now.) Ad- 
dress plainly : A.M. SNYDER, 

DkGbapf. Log-an Co., Ohio. 


On Monday, June 5th, 1882, the following 
schedule went into effect on the Pennsylvania 

Leave Huntingdon. Arrive Pittsbgh. 

Pacific Express, 6 45 P. M 1 35 P. M. 

Mail 2 13 P. M 8 50 A.M. 

Fast Line 6 00 P. M 11 80 A.M. 

Leave Huntingdon . Arrive Phil'da 

Johnst'n Exp'ss, 9 00 A. M 5 05 P. M. 

Day Express.... 1 25 P. M 7 35 P. M. 

Mail 3 50P.M. E'be., 7 30P.M. 

Mail Express ....8 05P. M 2 55 A. M. 

J. R. WOOD. 

CHAS. E. PDGH, Gen'l Pass. Ag't. 

Gen'l Manager- 


UOJL iXUvV perfect health uj 
the proper time to inform >ouri,e 
to t i wonderful i1rtue/»of - . 

their Preventive, looir a j Cura . 

I • omacli, ^kin. 

Bowel an I Urinarj 

I'iinple to a Cancer. 

worker :• 

legukti . 

An in.-liii 
5 vii* '■■ 
t'liro.'.i ( . ;,tury Planl I-riico. 

Dr. Peter Fahrney, Chicago, III. 


The following schedule went into effect od 
the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Cliicago Rail- 
way on May 27, 1883. Trains leave Pittsburgh 
(city time) for Chicago as follows: 

Leave Pittsburgh. Arr. Chicago 

Day Express t7 57 A. M 

Mail Express . *1 22 P, M 6 50 A. M 

Limited Exp'ss,*8 57 P. M 10 40 A. M. 

Fast Line §11 42 P. M 6 55 P. M. 

Trains leave Chicago, (city time) for Pitts- 
burg as follows: 
Leave Chicago. Arr. Pittsb'gh. 

Day Ex press.... +8 40 A. M 6 12 A.M. 

•dExp'66,*5 (X) P. M B .">7 A. M. 

Mail Express . . . *5 40 P. M 12 22 P. M. i 

Fast Line *11 80 P. M 7 57 P.M. j 

♦Daily. tDaily except Sunday SDaily. • 
except Saturday. 

The following schedule went into eff e 
th; Huntingdon and Broad Top Mountain R. 
K on Monday. May 14th. 1883. 


Mail Exp'ss STATIONS. Exp,, 

P. 31. A.M. P. H. P.M 

6 05 8 33 .. Huntingdon... 5 55 12 40 

6 15 8 50 Me' -n it] 12 10 

6 22 S 55 Grafton 5 35 

6 35 9 06 ...Marklesburg 5 :', 12 11 

5 43 9 15 . . . Coffee I 12 08 
o 50 9 21 Rough and Ready 5 

6 57 9 25 Cove 5 01 :: ? . 

7 00 9 38 Fis! .?r's Summit 4 SS 11 45 
7 10 9 41 ... . x 11 S5 
7 25 9 55 ...Biddtesbuxg... 4 :}3 11 30 

7 30 10 On HopeweU. .. 4 29 1151 

7 40 10 10 ...Piper's Bun.. 4 17 1106 

7 51 10 21 . . . 10 se 
3 02 10 30 Everett 

8 05 10 40 ....Mt. Dallas 

8 25 1100 Bedford-.. . 

10 00 12 35 ..Cumberland... 155 8*5 

P. M. P. M. P. M. A. M. 






Is the Oldest, Best Constructed, Pest Equip- 
ped and hence the Leading Railway to 
the West and North-West. 
It is the shortest and best route between 
Chicgo and all points in. Northern Hlinois, 
Iowa, Dakota, Wyoming, Nebraska, Califor- 
nia, Oregon, Arizona, Utah. Colorado. Idaho. 
Montana, Nevada, and for Council Blnffs. 
Omaha, Denver, Leadville, Salt Lake. San 
Francisco, Deadwood, Sioux City. Cedar Rap- 
ids, Des Moines, Columbus and all poir.ti hi 
the Territories ani the Week Also for Mil- 
waukee. Green Bay. Oshkosh, Sheboygan, 
Marquette, Fond du Lac. Watertown. Hough- 
ton. Neenah. Menasha. St. Paul, Minneapolis, 
Huron. Volga. Fargo. Bismark. Winona, La 
Crosse, Owatonna, and all points in Minnes- 
ota. Dakota, Wisconsin and the N: cflw set 

At Council the Bluffs Trains of the Chicago 
and North-western and the UP. R'ys depart 
from and arrive at the same Cnion Der : 

At Chicago, close connections are made 
with the Lake Shore, Michigan Central. Bal- 
timore & Ohio, Ft. Wayne and Pennsylvania, 
and Chicago & Grand Trunk R'ys. and the 
Eankakee and Pan Handle Bon 
connection made at Jnnrtion Points. It is 
the only line running Norrh-Wjestrn Dining- 
Cars, West or North-west of Chicago. PnU- 
man Sleet ers on all Night Trains- 
Insist upon Ticket Agents selling you tick- 
ets via this road. Examine them and 
to buy if they do not read over the Chicago 
and North-western Railway. 

ES^If yon wish the Best Trsvelir.^ A 
modations. you will buy yoar Tickets by this 
route, ami will take none other. 

All Ticket Agents seU Tickets by this line. 
J.D. LAYNG. Gen. Pass , 

Gen. Sup't, Chicago. 

"Set for the Defense of the Gospel." 

Entered at the Post-Office at Mt. MoPris, III 
as Second Class Matter. 

Mt. Morris, 111., and Huntingdon, Pa., Feb. 19, 1884. No. 8. 

Vol. 22, Old Series. 


H. B. BRUMBAUGH, Editor, 

And Business Manager of the Eastern HouBe, Box 50, 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

Why is it that a tie vote in choosing minis- 
ters is generally equivalent to the election of 
both? Why not cast lots? 

The Spring term of the Normal opens on 
the 17th of March. The prospects are un- 
usually good for a large attendance. 

Bi:o. J. A. Sell reports a very pleasant 
meeting in progress in their congregation. — 
Bro. J. M. Mohler is laboring for them. 

Sister. Mattie Southwood, of Monument 
City, Ind., informs us that they lately closed 
a very interesting series of meetings in their 
church. Bro. I. J. Roaenberger did the 
preaching. The immediate jresult was six re- 
ceived by baptism and two reclaimed. 

As we occasionally get orders for medicine 
we wish to say to our patrons, that we were 
never made worthy of the M. 1). title and we 
have no medicine or anything in that line for 
sale. If you wish to order anythiug adver- 
tised in our paper, write to the party direct 
and not to us, as we have not the time to at- 
tend to any business outside of our own. 

Bro. T. C. Weiand, of Ohio, who is attend- 
ing the IS ormal just now, reads us a letter 
from his mother, stating that the Brethren of 
the Chippewa church, Ohio, closed a very in- 
teresting series of meetings resulting in sev- 
enteen additions, ranging from nine years of 
age up to an aged grandmother. There was 
much rejoicing on the part of parents in see- 
ing their children coming to Christ, and the 
church greatly revived. 

As many of the Brethren are leaving the 
East and going AVest, the question with many 
is, Where shall I locate? The answer to this 
question depends much upon the motives 
that have prompted us to change. If it is 
money, then go to the plains. So did Lot 
and the result you know. To take a family 
of children away from home comforts and re- 
ligious influences and settle them down 
among strangers and bad influences, simply 
to get them houses and lands, is a dangerous 
experiment. Many of our children to-day 
are away from, and lost to the church on this 
account and it will be well if our brethren 
would give the subject of change of location 
the attention it deserves. Houses and lands 
can never compensate for the loss of the soul. 

Our city is getting excited over a new rail- 
road that is to pass near by. It will be an 
extension of the "Water Gap" road and will 
form a through line from New York to Chi- 
cago. We are expecting a "pass." 

Brother Quinter, in his sermon on last 
Sunday, took the position that the poverty 
that is causing so much misery and distress 
in the world is largely the outgrowth of sin 
and sinful indulgences. The truthfulness of 
such a position is so apparent that no one 
will deny it, yet there are but few that would 
feel like admitting it. Their time is largely 
spent in idleness, and what little money is 
earned is spent for tobacco and other things 
that are not essential to their well-being and 
then attribute their poverty to "bad luck." 

Tiiat there are many outside of our own 
fraternity that would read the Messenger 
with pleasure and profit, is evident from the 
many expressions received from this class of 
readers. Before me is a letter from Eld. 
Wine, of Ya., who gives the expression of one 
who reads the paper through his kindness. 
He tells it that it may be an encouragement 
to us and we tell it to encourage others who 
are able, to go and do likewise. This is one 
of the opportunities afforded to the "well-to- 
do" to do good to others, or to have the Gos- 
pel preached to families, that should not be 
overlooked. The character of the Messenger 
is such that it can, with great profit, be in- 
troduced into all families. 

In Messenger No. o, page 77, Bro. M. J. 
McClure wants to know if persons are breth- 
ren and sisters prior to baptism, what are 
they after? And what are they baptized for? 
To this Bro. A. Nelson Graybill gives the 
following answer: "Please read Acts 9: 17. — 
He was called 'brother' before he was bap- 
tized; and they baptized for the remission 
of sins and for an answer of a good con- 
science towards God, and to show that 
they are born of God." If his answer 
is not direct enough we take the liberty 
to add that if we had the necessary evidence 
that they were converted, we would call 
them the same before baptism as we 
would after,— brethren and sisters. Conver- 
sion must always precede baptism. Baptism 
is the visible sign of an internal change al- 
ready made. It is not water baptism that 
converts and makes a child of God. It is the 
answer of a good conscience towards God. — 
The virtue in baptism consists in the comply- 
ing with the means given us whereby we may 
be saved. It is the outward consummation of 
the inward alreadv made. 

"The Methodist Centennial Year Book, for 
1884" is a volume of 412 pages, published by 
Walden & Stowe, Cincinnati, Ohio. Price, 
$1.50. It gives complete and interesting sta- 
tistics of the Methodist church and all its 
branches for the last one hundred years, this 
being the one hundreth year since the church 
was organized iu the United States. The 
book also contains a large amount of other 
statistical matter of general interest. 

The following announcement was lately 
made by a Young Men's Christian Associa- 
tion. "The Sunday evening evangelistic meet- 
ing (in Earwell Hall) continues with its us- 
ual interest. The song service, led by a large 
choir and double male quartette, assisted by 
Lyon's orchestra, consisting of horns and fid- 
dles, commences at 7: 30. The young men 
of the city are extended a hearty invitation." 
No wonder that modern Christianity is ask- 
ing for a religions modification of theaters, 
that Christians (?) can go there for amuse- 
ment rather than to the churches. Where is 
the cross in such religion? Literary feast- 
ing and amusement is what such religionists 
want, and not the self-denying doctrines of 

"Consumption Cured" is a familiar head- 
ing in the advertising pages of our secular 
papers, and, we are sorry to say, too many of 
our religious papers. The advertisement is 
an old dodge perpetuated by a large number 
of "old retired physicians" who get the re- 
ceipt from an "East India Missionary."— 
Rev's Ed. Wilson, John B. Ogdeu, W. A. 
Noyes, Craddock, and just now we throw a 
tempting offer from Dr. M. E. Cass, also an 
"old retired physician" with a recipe from an 
"East India Missionary." As they are all "re- 
tired", with their pockets full of money, they 
do not want any more and therefore offer the 
recipe free. This looks so generous that ev- 
erybody unacquainted Avith these philanthro- 
pists, who think that they may have con- 
sumption, asthma, catarrh, etc., are induced to 
send for it. The recipe comes all right but 
when taken to the druggist to get filled there 
is one ingredient the druggist does not have. 
This is anticipated by the "retired physician," 
who informs his patient that if the druggist- 
does not have it, it can be had by sending direct 
to him. But as it is a very rare plant and 
comes from East India, it is very costly and 
that it will be necessary to send #5. 00 to get 
it. Here is where the trick comes in, which 
fills the pockets of these retired physicians, 
if they can find enough who can be duped 
into sending the money. Have nothing what- 
ever to do with these free offers. They are 
all snares to catch the unwary. 

J. J 



Btadg - ' ipptored onto Grod, 8 workman that 

-*i\ieth - uried. rightly dividing the 

Word vf Truth. 


ang time ago, 
As litt!e children do. 

An.. s true 

band g King, 


And en a fair milt 

M vast and grand. 

. by an order from the King 
Tflc . e open stood: 

And messages went far and wide. 
I- 1 call the brave and good. 

I lived to find my story true— 

I know the famous land; 
And here's my letter from the King, 

Whose gates wide open stand. 

palace is beyond the clouds, 
And all the stars on high 
Are only golden lamps, hung round 
His palace in the sky. 

So 1 go on, and day by day 
w gladder while I sing, 
ng the "City on the hill" — 
The palace of the King. 

My King is called "the Wonderful,' 
The •■Alighty , • and the "Fair"— 

Your Bible telis His deeds of love — 
2Ijj letter, too, is there. 

When I am sad, 1 read again 

This letter from my King. 
And looking toward the open gates. 

Grow gladder while I sing. 

Maria R Butler 



The Church and Mission in Denmark. 

After our return from North Denmark, 
we remained several days in Copenhagen, 
r e enjoyed ourselves very much in so- 
cial intercourse with Bro. Hope's family and 
with the members generally. They all show- 
ed us much kindness and we felt sorry that 
our stay with them could not be longer, but 
in this world we only meet to part; in the 
bright world to come, we shall meet ne'er to 

On Thursday evening, Jan. 10, a meeting 

of the members in Copenhagen was held at 

Bro. Hope's house, when the question of or- 

; a church was thoroughly discussed; 

after a general interchange of views, it 

iecided to organize in harmony with the 

ral Brotherhood in America and in ac- 

ance with the principles upon which the 

church in Denmark was first organized. A 

as then appointed for the next 

at which time it was also decided to 

i an election for a deacon. 

On Friday evening, we again met together 

son in religious 

and social \n\ -/■■. with our brethren and 

Bro. Jc elected and duly 

ailed into i eacon. He de- 

>nly of the church in 

-:, but also of God's people in Amer- 

faithfully discharge the i im- 

portant trust given into his hands by the 
church. May the Lord keep him faithful. — 
He may be a great help to the mission in 
Denmark, as he has already shown himself 
competent to work for the cause. 

The Love-feast was an enjoyable one. As 
at the Feast in North Denmark, so here, too, 
the members were few in number; but how 
often have we felt that God blesses the few 
as well as the many, and here in Copenhagen 
we again realized this truth. This was the 
first meeting of this kind ever held in this 
large city, and probably the first ever held in 
any of the larger cities of Europe. Some of 
those present bad never before witnessed any- 
thing of the kind. All seemed to be impress- 
ed with the exercises. 

On Saturday morning, Jan. 12, we left Co- 
penhagen for Halle. We had thought to 
stop several days in Hamburg and visit some 
places of interest there, but as wife was quite 
sick, caused by an exceedingly stormy sea- 
voyage from Korsor to Nyborg, we hurried 
on to our German home. We had been away 
three weeks, and although we had enjoyed 
our stay iu Denmark very much, we were 
anxious to get back to Halle, so that we might 
get our mail, as we had not had it forwarded 
to Denmark. We found a number of letterb 
from home, all of which were gladly read. 


It is not our purpose to give a history of 
the mission in Denmark. Our people are 
generally well acquainted with its origin and 
history. Several years ago, Bro. Eshelman 
published a history of the Danish Mission, 
containing full details and particulars rela- 
tive to the work. This little book can be had 
for a small sum by writing to the Messenger 
olfice. We shall here only give a few facts 
in regard to the work. 

About eight years ago, Bro. Hope com- 
menced the work now known to our Brother- 
hood as "The Danish Mission." Since then, 
over one hundred members have been receiv- 
ed into the church by baptism. There are 
now four regularly organized congregations, 
named respectively, Hjorring, Fredericksha- 
ven, Thyland and Copenhagen, with three 
elders, three ministers and a number of dea- 
cons. A good, substantial meeting-house has 
been built at Sindal and the ground for an- 
other has been purchased in Thyland. The 
membership at present numbers about eighty. 
The exact number we did not learn. 

Of those who have been baptized, a num- 
ber have moved to America, a few have prov- 
ed unfaithful to their baptismal vows, and 
some have gone to their long home, leaving 
the church in Denmark with about the num- 
ber above named. Looking at this work and 
taking into consideration the many difficul- 
ties that had to be met, it may be said, that 
the mission has been a great success and that 
the Lord has blessed Bro. Hope's work and 
the efforts of the church to est