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The Gospel Messenger 


Elgin, ill., January 1, 1916. 


Breaking Up India's Castes. 
Mr. Sherwood Eddy, whose work among the students 
and higher classes in China was so greatly blessed, has, 
f<w some months, been in India, where he is now holding 
; conferences for. the better training of native pastors, 
! teachers and other Christian workers. His main effort, 
however, will be to break through the ironclad boundaries 
of caste rule in the colleges of India. Few of the Brah- 
mins and high-caste students have been touched by the 
Christian message. The mass movements have been whol- 
ly among the lower and out-caste classes. Mr. Eddy. 
however, thinks that all the higher castes.— including even 
the Brahmins, — may be won to the truth, The Gospel of 
Christ is the power of God unto salvation, and reaches 
the lowest as well as the highest, even in caste-ridden 

International Mails Seized by Great Britain. 
Contrary to all rules, hitherto guaranteeing the safety 
of mails transported on ships of a neutral nation, Brit- 
ish authorities recently seized all letters and packages 
from Berlin, Constantinople and Sofia, that were being 
conveyed by the steamer " Rotterdam " from Holland to 
the United States. This is the first time that England 
has ventured to stop mails from neutral ports to n£Yiifal 
ports, carried by neutral ships, and the outrage is likely to 
be persisted in unless the United States offers an ener- 
getic protest, so far as mails to this country are con- 
cerned. It would seem that the citizens of our land should 
have full right to gain unhindered possession of their 
mails, without passing through the hands of a censor. 
But such is war. As in all else that it touches, "might 
flakes r/ght." . — 

rate lias held undisputed SWay over most of the countries 
of the globe, it having been considered as a matter of 
course that Adam was the progenitor of that race. Should, 
however, the theory of Tse Tsan Tai be supported by fur- 
ther evidence, there would have to be a marked reversal 
of preconceived ideas, it might not be pleasant, perhaps, 
to accord the honor of precedence to our Chinese friends, 
and yet there is nothing in the Bible story to disprove 
their claim. 

hi St 

Militarism i 





niversity of 

lilitary drill has been made compulsory. 
If the Students refuse, the University is closed to them. 
They djrill in soldiers' uniform, with a gun on one side and 
a sabrel on the other. They are taught the details of ac- 
tual wa riare ' — fi^d exercises, sham battles, trench dig- 
ging, principles of attack, target practice, etc, Absolute 
nbudicii'Ce to orders is demanded. We may readily see 
how, un|dcr the stress of the everywhere prevalent cry for 
greater (military preparedness, all State schools will event- 
ually bfcome centers of military training. The very mil- 
itarism 'that we have been severely condemning in the Eu- 
ropean 'nations will soon be rampant in our own land. 

, Multiplied Forms of Pledges. 

We r'Ote that the editor of the " Christian Intelligencer " 
has btf ei1 somewhat exasperated by the multiplicity of 
ways }" which a Christian of today is asked to testify 
to his (loyalty by signing this or that pledge. His emphatic 
uttera nce may, perhaps, strike a responsive chord in oth- 
ers: /"We are asked to sign pledges not only to refrain 
from I drinking intoxicating liquor and using tobacco, but 
to capy certain books in the pocket, to read the Bible 
every] day, to pray daily, to do one kind act a day, etc. 
AH Hhese results are doubtless desirable, but if they can 
only be secured by pledges, the root of the matter is not 
in us . Paul said, 'For me to live is Christ.' The living, 
reign'hig Christ in his heart was the spring of all his 
actio! 15 ai| d general conduct. There is too much organiza- 
tion »nd mechanism in the corporate Christian life of the 


The Garden of Eden. 
Thh re has been speculation without limit as to the ex- 
act legation of the Garden of Eden, — much of the discus- 
sion, I perhaps, more interesting than really conclusive, — 
and ito the various theories advanced, another is now by a Chinese scholar, Tse Tsan Tai. He claims, 
to hi' s own satisfaction.-at least, that the cradle of the hu- 
man 'race was in Chinese Turkestan, in eastern Asia. The 
Chini- Sc savant has arrived at his opinion by a thorough 
study] of the Bible, Chinese literature and Chinese tablets. 
He identifies the four great rivers with the tributaries of 
the /river Tarim. " Shinar," he thinks, means China, and 
ancient ruins in the province of Shensi are pointed out as 
the remnants of the Tower of Babel. While we can not 
hetie refer to the many striking "proofs," submitted by 
the! learned author, — interesting as they may be, — peculiar 
significance attaches to his contention, should it, later on 
be fully substantiated. For long centuries the Caucasian 

It Does Not Pay. 

One would think that mankind, daily confronted by the 
dire results of sin, would be reluctant indeed to engage 
in acts, the logical result's of which bring aboui severe 
punishment. A notorious criminal of New York, Tiny 
Smith, after fifty-one years of thieving, and a record of 
more time spent in prison than without, states that he 
never saved more than $500 during all his years of crime. 
Interrogated as to his career, he said: " I think there was 
some hope of reform, had I been treated right. But the 
trouble was that every time I came out of prison I had 
nothing. I tried to get work, but was turned down. Half 
the men in State prison today, as second offenders, would 
not be there if somebody had helped them when they got 
out after their first offense." There is evident need of a 
spirit of Cbristlikc forgiveness towards even the lowest 

of humanity. t 

• jaP2.7„'a Aggression. 

While the warring European nations have been intSSl 
upon their work of annihilation, the Japanese have been 
wholly employed with expanding their trade opportunities. 
Their exports have so marvclously increased that a pros- 
perity, never before experienced, has rewarded their un- 
ceasing endeavors. Already England is realizing that her 
far eastern trade is being monopolized by Japan, and no 
matter what may be the final outcome of the European 
war, the advantage gained by the Nipponese is sure to be 
retained by them. English factories can not hope to com- 
pete with the weavers of Japan, who work twelve hours 
for nine pence. Sooner or later even the United States will 
be confronted by the competition of cheap labor, so char- 
acteristic of Oriental countries. Without question, a com- 
plete upheaval of commercial relations will be in evidence 
after the close of the war. 

Parental Influence. 
Personal investigations by Mrs. Mary S. Kostir, of the 
Ohio Juvenile Research Bureau, have strikingly empha- 
sized the fatal effects of degenerate parentage, showing 
conclusively that corrupt tendencies are transmitted to 
even remote posterity. Five generations of a certain fam- 
ily, scattered over portions of Southeastern Ohio and parts 
of West Virginia, and known to the investigators under 
the name of " Mengold," have been carefully traced. Of 
the 474 members of this family group, definite data are 
known of 261 as follows: "Seventy-six are grossly im- 
moral; 74 criminal, 55 feeble-minded, 23 alcoholics; 12 
confirmed prostitutes." What a striking illustration of the 
fact that serious parental delinquency is sure to result in a 
harvest of woe, wholly inconceivable as to its final results! 
What an impressive lesson it teaches to every parent as 
to responsibility that can not be' shirked! A Chicago 
judge recently stated that practically all cases of juvenile 
delinquency may be traced to deficient training in the 
home. He strongly emphasized the importance of the 
Bible precept: "Train up a child in the way he should go." 

Education in Turkey. 

With the opening of the new scholastic year a new regu- 
lation has taken effect in Turkey, so far as mission schools 
are concerned, and, as such, of vital interest to every friend 
of missionary enterprises. The Ottoman Empire agrees 
to protect missions as such, but only provided the Turkish 
language is taught in all their educational institutions to 
natives of that realm. Irksome as such a regulation may 

decision is not wholly unreasonable, and can, in the opin- 
ion of many workers on the field, be readily complied with. 

In i 

last i 

China's Future Undecided. 


ressed the hope that 
her newly-elected Emperor might succeed in conserving 
the resources and possibilities of the country to her high- 
est and best advantage. Recent press dispatches are not 
wholly reassuring. Five provinces are said to have risen 
in open rebellion against the rule of Yuan Shill Kai, and 
others are likely to follow. Then, loo, sinister Intrigues 
by Japanese agitators, and disintegrating machinations bv 
Great Britain, France and Russia must be reckoned with. 
Present indications seem to foreshadow that the most 
momentous changes of the near future will not occur in 
Europe but in Asia. Will China, rallying all ihe strength 
at her command, make herself the leading power oi the 
Orient, or will she fall,— a ready prey to the rapacity of 
the nations who are even now ready to parcel her out 
e tin mselves? 

The " Down-and-Out." 
Some weeks ago we referred to (he experience of Chi- 
cago authorities, in their efforts to provide for the large 
army of homeless men that, with the beginning of win- 
ter, crowds the municipal lodging-houses. It was thought 
that the introduction of the municipal wood-pile might 
serve as a valuable means of sifting out tin undeserving, 
and such it has seemingly proved itself. A year ago, 
when no restrictions were imposed, 3,03'* men were cared 
for. This winter, when activity at the municipal wood- 
"fii'ie ,,;;, [jpfiii made absolutely necessary to secure admit- 
tance 1o llie''c<iiiiH. r,s °^ l ' 1C mun ' c ' na ' lodging-house, 
only 340 vagrants made use I.\ f !'' c accommodations availa 
hie. The result, as shown by the litf^ g1 
what we have often staled before.— the largi 
grants is mainly composed of drones who, in the Oa'jif?*"" 
hive Of life's activities, "toil not, neither do they spin.' I] 

ny of i 

Proving Things by the Bible. 
A strenuous attempt is being made by war advocates 
to prove that the struggles of the haltle-ficld are in per- 
fect harmony with the Bible. Some, indeed, go so far as 
to intimate that the Christian world has misinterpreted 

Abbott, mi ,i recent issue of the "Outlook," lays down 
the axiom that "it is sometimes Christian to fight; and 
it is sometimes un-Christian not to do so," Statements of 
that kind, however, are clearly at variance with the teach- 
ings of Christ. What more emphatic statement can there 
be made than that of Christ to Pilate; "My kingdom is 
not of this world; if my kingdom were of this world, then 
would my servants fight." That means nonresistancc, not 
only in a spiritual but also a physical sense. Carnal 
weapons can not be wielded by a Christian. No nation 
can establish national progress and permanency upon the 
mere force of arms. It is no factor in a great republic; 
it is no bond of union among self-respecting men. To 
found a nation upon the force of arms is to build upon 

, to 

Peace Literature Restricted. 
Considerable consternation has been aroused among 
promoters of peace, by the recent action of Postoffice De- 
literature from the mail service of our country. We are 
told that a prominent peace society made use of Jack 
London's graphic sketch: "What Is a Good Soldier?" It 
was printed on the backs of envelopes and thus circulated, 
arousing public sentiment to no small extent. Apparently 
the matter was brought to the notice of the Postoffice De- 
partment, which promptly ruled out the further circula- 
tion of the matter in question. As we understand it, the 
objection- was not raised on the point that Mr. London's 
statements in and of themselves are incorrect, but simply 
because of the fact that they reflect on military activities 
in general, which would, of course, include the soldiers of 
our own land. Just now, when "increased military prep- 

l. the 

, ad* 

of pe; 



u-( hri 

dents must no longer be required to attend religious in- 
struction and worship,— this matter being left wholly op- 
tional. All who have professed faith in Christ, however, 

admitted that the Turkish authorities have at times grate- 
fully recognized the valuable service, rendered by mission 
schools to the country at large, though, in return, the au- 
thorities have not always extended the courtesy and lib- 
erty of action that might have tended to the best inter- 
ests of missionary enterprises. 

principles finds himself in an attitude decidedly unpopular. 
Ministers in the more prominent churches are finding it 
advisable to drift with the popular current, rather than to 
stem the tide of increasing clamor for militarism. To 
the sincere believer in Christ's principles of peace these 
are times that try men's hearts. The utmost care should 
be exercised lest we come in conflict with "the powers 
that be," on the one hand, or deny, by craven silence, the 
time-honored principles of nonresistancc and opposition to 
war. so long cherished by our beloved Brotherhood. Do 
we have the courage of our convictions on this important 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1$16. 


Study 1. 


ZUW& ,fi&E.n&i 


New Year's Day. 

Wc are dreaming today of tin- flowers Far away; 

Wc are dreaming this New Year's Day: 
Wc are thinking of deeds that our hands have wrought; 

I ii burdens that came unsought: 
And we wonder what boon shall the New Year bring, 
Wli.,! service shall find to rejoice our King, 

As we live the life hlo oil-bought. 
And we listen, while angels are seeming lo tell, 

The glad, "Peace, all is well!" 
And we hearken, while God, by the Spirit's power 

[5 pleading with us this hour. 
Wc wonder, we wonder, New Year's Day, 
What hast thou, from near or from far away, 

Of rainbow, or garner, or shower? 
We arc kneeling, O Father of all. to thee, 

In the land by thee made free: 
We are praying the prayer that our hearts would pray, 

For blessing, this New Year's Day. 

Wc arc singing the songs of worshi] w; 

O Christ, unto ihce we how! 
1*0 the Son of God, the Eternal King, 

Our songs of praise we sing. 
:\\u\ the New Year will thrill as the telescope 
Records in the skies the stars of hope, 

Of hope that the year shall bring. 
Vnd we sing of the gladness of fruit and flowers, 

Of the shelter of summer bowers; 
Vnd we laugh as we dream of the wild birds' sof 

By the zephyrs swept along. 
And wc think, and wc kneel, and to H™~- we pra y, 
O Father, wc wonder tbi« & : ew Year's Day, 

Of the burden^^ tssong 

Mc'chan> csburgj Pa . 

1 1 do not ask for more to seek and love me, 
I do not ask for brighter eyes to move mc. 
But sharper sense, to miss no hailing sign 
I >f fellowship in spirit seeking mine. 
No golden shore I seek, but a heart that sings 
The exquisite delight of common things. 
The kingdom of heaven is not there, but herc- 
O for the seeing eye and hearing ear! " 
66} Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

A 1916 Vision. 

Most people have two physical eyes. But if this 
is all the- vision that one has, he has made no progress. 
Tin- growing soul sees with the mind's eye and, above 
all, with the soul's eye. We gain confidence and 
poise in proportion as we see, with spiritual eyes, 
the Eternal Verities. 

Too many of us have been down in the fog-filled 
valley, and hence have a hazy view of life and the 
real mission of the church. Some one is sending forth 
a most pessimistic tract concerning the church. 
Every line clearly shows that the writer is away down 
in a fog-filled valley. We sail blindly, because we do 
not see, with spiritual eyes, the " headlands and the 
shore lights of truth." Hatreds and grudges keep the 
soul in a smothering atmosphere and a state of con- 
stant misunderstanding of the leading of the Holy 

Not a few people have wrecked their earthly life 
by being intolerant and selfish. Because of tins, 
many a husband and wife have secured divorces. 
There be some who are divorcing themselves from 
Christ because of their intolerance and selfishness. I 
have yet the first " calamity-howler " to know who 
does not sacrifice more on the altar of his selfishness 
than on the Lord's altar, really to aid the church in 

What we all need, as we enter upon the new year, 
is a larger vision of the love of God. If we do not 
love a person, we arc sure to see that one at a great 
disadvantage. Aversion, contempt, and the spirit of 
indifference are all as blind as bats. Never judge a 
person or anything that you have a dislike for. You 
are sure to fail. They who are inclined to be blue, 
pessimistic, worried, shut in by fear, downcast, arc 
cloud-bound, and can not hope to see. 

" Give mc not scenes more charming; give me eyes 
To see ihe beauty that around me lie- 
To read the trail of souls, see angels shy 
Among the faces of the passersby. 
I do not ask for sweeter music than 
The common, daily Symphony of Man, 
Could I but grasp its counterpoint, and see 

i discord melts toward harmony. • 



Times change; so do customs and methods. In 
fact, everything, in all of God's creation, from the 
tiniest particle to the largest solar system, is con- 
tinually changing. Even cold and heat, growth and 
decay, — all are conclusive evidence of important 
changes. Seasons come and go. " Seedtime and 
harvest, and cold and heat, and summer and winter, 
and day and night shall not cease." Grasses and trees 
spring up and then decay, rocks grow by external ac- 
cretion and again disintegrate, mountains are thrust 
up from the plain and again subside or weather down, 
empires rise and fall. Thus, in all the world of sin 
and imperfections, men and things continually change. 
Here the experiences are those of life and death, of 
progress and decline, of defeat and victory, and only 
that which is clothed with perfection is immutable. 
The Psalmist, speaking of God's creations, says, 
"They shall all perish. . . ." But God himself 
is the same forever, so. also, "the counsel of the Lord 
standeth forever and the thoughts of his heart to all 

Of all changes, those in the liuman sphere are most 
interesting. It is doubtful if there is, in the life of 
any, a period in which no change takes place. As long 
as the process of building up muscular tissue and 
nerve cells is taking place more rapidly than the proc- 
ess of decay and waste, so long there is growth, but 
when the reverse is true, the period of decadence 
has set in. There are, however, two fundamental 
truths which offer encouragement to all who cherish 
life, and especially the life of the intellect and soul. 

1. By obeying the laws of health, every individual 
can facilitate growth, increase his potentiality, and 
even postpone the hour when decline begins. 

2. One can give such supremacy to mind, con- 
science and will, as to make the soul, in the face of 
bodily ailments, keep constantly growing as long as 
life lasts. 

So. then, a man need not become discouraged, nor 
does he need to retire from active life, to worry over 
the fact that he is no longer able to do as much work 
as he Was accustomed to do. If he chooses to remain 
in active service, his mental and spiritual powers may 
continue to develop to a ripe old age. " Those that 
are planted in the house of the Lord shall flourish in 
the courts of our God. They shall still bring forth 
fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing," 

Some good people are pained whenever a change is 
made, thinking that " it was not so in former times." 
Some fear that every change is a sweeping process 
of destructive degeneration. True, there are changes 
taking place that are for the worse, but many are for 
the better. We love the church for her position on 
the questions of peace, creed, simple life, democracy, 
education and progress. And yet our position, on 
all of these questions, for more than two hundred 
years, implied that changes would be made as the 
light of God's Word and his Spirit would lead the 

As long as Christian America is influenced by a few 
naval experts to spend her millions for defensive 
armaments, a change, in our methods of teaching the 
world the principles of peace, is in order. As soon 
as we find that our manner of living does not foster 
the spirit of simplicity, a change is in order, for 
Christ wants his followers to live honestly the simple 
life in their eating and drinking, in furnishing their 
homes, in protecting their bodies from heat and cold, 
as well as in their other affairs of everyday life. 
As soon as the church finds a better method for 
calling young men to the ministry, a change will be in 
order, provided Ihe new method will be more demo- 

by the Spirit of 

.Iso a progression, — 
vement. One gen- 

cratic in theory, and more scriptural in principle. As 
soon as the church feels that the Bible endorses the 
idea that progress rather than success is the word 
that best describes the state of the church at any point 
in a particular age of her development, then a change 
is in order, for still greater achievements and spiritual/ 
unfolding, as well as more willing sacrifice, Thej 
church will not then be satisfied with writing his4 
tories, but she will try harder to make history. " Not* 
as though I had already attained, either were already* 
perfect; hut I press on." 1 

Animals and plants live in cycles. They repro-J 
duce after their kind, and their offspring simply live! 
the same cycle over again, but in the human sphere! 
there is more than a repetition of the same cycle of' 
ancestral experiences, for here there is a progression 
and a factor of choice. The sinner chooses Christ, 
e. g., and experiences a wonderful change, and as he 
chooses to do his Savior's bidding, day after day, he 
experiences greater and greater changes until his life 
overflows with blessings and joyous helpfulness. 
" But all we, with unveiled face reflecting as in a mir- 
ror the glory of the Lord, are changed into the 
image from glory to glory, c 
the Lord." 

In the human sphere there 
an onward and an upward 
eration takes up life where it was left by the pre- 
K-iling generation and then carries it forward with a 
contribution from its own experience. 

Is our destined end and way, 

But to act that each tomorrow 

Find us farther than today." 

And so every life may acquire volume as it ad- 
vances. It begins at birth but ends not at death, for 
it finds its go'al beyond the grave. But even death is 
only a change when man puts off mortality for im- 
mortality. " He shall change our vile bodies that they 
may be fashioned like unto his glorious body." 

Every one is so continuously receiving something 
from, and contributing something to, the life and 
spirit of his age and church, that the word CHiANGE 
is plainly stamped on the life of every one as the 
most characteristic phenomenon of life. In fact, the 
life and spirit of any age is largely determined by the 
resultant of all these never-ending changes of which 
some are constructive, some obstructive, and. others 
even destructive of the right. There are men and 
organizations that encourage those changes which 
foster vanity, decay, and death. But the faithful 
children of God, who are laying hold of things worth 
while, are eager to encourage only those changes in 
customs and methods. which result in progress, growth 
and life. So let us not be alarmed at changes headed 
in the right direction, but may we all do our very best 
in the crucible of our strenuous life, and in! the re- 
tort of our social relations, that our influence may 
always encourage only those changes in- the \church 
and community which are for the better. 

Ellzabethtown, Pa. 

Redeeming the Time. 

Where did our time go? We had it this morning; 
who has it now? One says, " I do not have time to go 
to church." Another says, " I did not do this, for 
I did not have time." How time slips away from us 
all! If I had it, and do not have it now, who has it? 
No one will rise up in the street and say, " I have it; 
1 found it ; I will give it back to you." 

Who has it? I know who has it. An old king has 
it. His name is King Lazy. He has a lot of it. He 
pockets it, and you have to pay him well to get it 
back again. • 

Who has it? A young prince has it. His name is 
Prince Pleasure. People pay him big prices to take 
it. " Give me pleasure," is the cry going up from 
thousands who are willing to pay well. to squander 
their time. When this prince gets it, he puts it into 
a strong box and you have to pay well to get it. i, 

Who has it? King Liliputian, — master of little 
things. He has it. He gleans zealously from ;the 
fields of "little worries" and follows hard after the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1*16. 


reapers of " little things that never happen." How 
many little foolish things he picks up and saves ! 
This king has great stores accumulated. And this is 
enough, for we will not lose more hy telling of these 
and others. 

Paul says, "Redeem" (buy back). But how shall 
we do it? Surely not with money. He tells us. First, 
Be wise. Second, Keep your eyes open and watch 
diligently in life (Col. 4: 5). ' 

For every hour well used, these three kings are 
compelled to return one they have already stolen. 
There are twenty-four hours in a day, and 1916 will 
have 366 days. All is ours as we stand upon its 
threshold. How much will these kings get? How 
much" will we " buy back " ? 

Chicago, III. 

New Year Reflections. 

Time has measured off another year. The days 
which were fraught with pain and anxiety are gone. 
The opportunities which it brought have passed, — 
passed whether improved or unimproved. 

There is no right thinking man but who, as he 
takes a retrospective view, has cause for regret, be- 
cause of the harsh words, the careless deeds, the 
unimproved opportunities, and the idled minutes. And 
yet these can never be recalled. Talmage declares, 
" You might as well go a gunning for the quails thai 
whistled last year in the meadows, or the robin that 
last year caroled in the sky, as to try to bring down 
and bag one of the past opportunities of your life." 

The year nineteen hundred and fifteen is beyond 
our grasp. The love of God can not recall it, tin- 
atonement of his Son can not regain it, it is in eter- 
nity, — past. 

The only way in which we can register our regrets 
is to concentrate our forces, and to live more in- 
tc-sivcly in the year nineteen hundred and sixteen. 
Our lives in the year to come should mean more for 
God, the church and the community than the several 
years preceding, for contact with the world and as- 
sociation with the Master have added to our fund 
of experience, and increased our capacity. All this 
should make us replete with strength. 

Before we can measure up to the opportunities of 
the year, we must learn to pray the prayer of David, 
" Teach us to number our days that we may apply our 
hearts unto wisdom" (Psa. 90: 12). 

May we have wisdom, in order judiciously to use 
this year's capital! Time is capital, and, strange to 
say, the more you use, the more you have, and the 
less you use, the less you have. Franklin declares. 
"Time is the stuff life is made of," so we may well 
pray for wisdom to spend our days profitably. — rightly 
to use the fragments of time. 

Before us are fifty-two Sundays to be spent,— time 
enough to build several monuments in the hearts and 
minds of a number of people. During the next year 

we will spend at least thirty-four eight-hou 
the dining-table, — enough time, if properly i 
to discuss every classic, review every sei 
promote every righteous movement. 
" 'Tis worth a wise man's past of life, 
'Tis worth a thousand years of strife, 
If thou canst lessen but by one, 

The countless ills beneath the sun." 
La Junta, Colo. 

days at 

The New Year. 


As we stand upon the threshold of the new year, 
how natural to inquire, " What does it hold in store 
for me? " To this question only God can make suf- 
ficient answer. And while we can not know what it 
may bring, we do know, if we are his, that only the 
best will come. God only gives that which is good to 
his children. 

Under God, the year shall be what we make it, and. 
God willing, we may make it what we will. The 
days are given of God. but when given they are ours 
to enjoy in serving and helping our fellow-men. 

What better time is there for the forming of new 

resolutions? Fir>i of all. let us get an adequate con- 
ception of the worth of time. With many of us, time 
is our only capital; hence the greater need that we 
spend it wisely. Probably no greater blessing could 
come to the average mortal than properly to realize 
the value of time. Many there be who know the 
worth of a dollar, and yet have never learned the 
worth of a day. In the light of eternity, days are 
far more valuable than dollars, and moments than 
mammon. Surely, if we realized the value of time, 
we would not squander it as some do. We may sup- 
ply the deficiency in a bank account; but we can nev- 
er replace the misspent hour. God himself will never 
recall the murdered moment. 

May we all determine to be more consecrated to 
him wlio was crucified for us! Along the pathway 
of the next year, may we seek to walk in his foot- 
steps, and may the Holy Spirit guide us all along the 
way! May the old hymn echo the sentiment of our 
souls : 

" Oh, for a closer walk with God, 

A calm and heavenly frame. 
A tifiht to shine upon the road 

That leads me in the Lamb." 

God grant that we may, one and all, strive to excel 
in saintly service, remembering that Christ came not 
to he ministered unto, but to minister. 

Speak the kind word, and do the gentle deed today ; 
for the night cometh when no man can work. The 
year will pass swiftly away, and an opportunity 
missed is an opportunity lost forever. 

Paul said, " But one thing I do. forgetting the 
things which are behind, and stretching forward to 
the things which are before, I press on toward the 
goal, unto the prize of the high calling of God in 
Christ Jesus." 

Let us strive, with each passing day, to make easier 
the way for tired feet, and lighten the journey for 
heavy hearts. 

I40 Fletcher Avenue, Muscatine, Iowa. 

Why John Wrote. 

Near the close of his splendid narrati 
ing Jesus, as he personally knew him, the beloved 
apostle John says : " And many other signs truty did 
Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not 
written in this book: but these are written, that ye 
might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of 
God; and tha't believing ye might have life through 
his name" (John 20: 30, 31). In the closing verse 
of his narrative, or Gospel, as it is generally called. 
he makes this statement : " And there are also many 
other things which Jesus did. the which, if they should 
be written every one, I suppose that even the world 
itself could not contain the books that should be writ- 
ten " (John 21: 25). 

John's purpose in writing was to present enough to 
convince any well-disposed person that "Jesus is the 
Christ, the Son of God." This conviction, or faith, 
would lead to eternal life through his name. John 
did not write all he knew, but he wrote enough to 
answer his purpose. He might have written, scores 
of books, containing a complete statement of prac- 
tically all that Jesus had said and done. The report 
might have contained a few hunrlred sermons, an ac- 
count of several hundred miracles, to say nothing of 
hundreds of other incidents. It would have been in- 
tensely interesting reading, but there would have been 
so much of it that very few persons would have ven- 
tured to peruse the numerous volumes. Not only so, 
but the extended statements, narratives, discourses 
and description of thousands of incidents, would have 
led to confusion. The whole thing might have in- 
terested the book worm and a few others, but would 
not have appealed to the practical man. 

After the ascension of his Master, John devoted 
more than sixty years to evangelistic and pastoral 
work before he ventured on the preparation of his 
narrative. There were then in existence many ac- 
counts of the life, labors and teachings of Jesus (Luke 
1:1). There may have been a score or more, and the 
apostle might have had access to the greater part of 

the records. At least, we must presume that he had. 
in Ins possession, the narratives prepared by Matthew, 
Mark and Luke. Knowing what others had written, 
and having been an eye-witness of all that had hap- 
pened to the Master, after his baptism, along with his 
threescore years of experience as a preacher and pas- 
tor, placed him in a position to say just what ought 
to be said to convince any thinking man or woman 
that Jesus is the Christ. 

When preparing his narrative, John kept two ob- 
jects in view: Faith in Jesus, the Christ, and "life 
through his name." The man who will give the facts. 
as noted, due consideration, will find faith in the story 
well night irresistible. This was John's aim in writ- 
ing, He wanted to tell his story in such a way as to 
produce faith in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God. 
And while there may not be enough in the book to 
satisfy the curious, there is enough recorded to pro- 
duce tin faith that leads to salvation. 

The purpose is genuine faith, and eternal life. The 
man who reads the book, believes in Testis, as the 
Christ, and accepts his teachings, and will make them 
a part of his very life and practice, has been influenced 
just as John intended he should be. In the life of 
every one. where these results have been brought 
about, the narrative has accomplished its purpose. 
The whole purpose of the hook may be summed up in 
these Iwo words, belief and salvation. 

Wherever the Gospel is proclaimed, this purpose 
of the book should he impressed on the minds of men 
and women. They should know that faith in |esus, as 
the Christ; the Son of God, leads up to salvation, or 
life eternal, and that there is no such a thing as sal- 
vation without this faith, and the obedience that 
naturally follows. To believe in Jesus, as the Christ. 
means the acceptance of his teachings in full. Sav- 
ing faith carries with ii all that Jesus taught. To re- 
ject the rluties he enjoined is simply to reject the Mas- 
ter himself. To discredit his teachings is to discredit 
him. To set these teachings aside is to set incir 
Author aside. To the extent that a man refuses to 
accept what Jesus commanded his followers to do, to 
that extent he refuses to accept him as his Teacher *■ 
and Savior. 

While John meant, by his narrative, to promote be- 
lief in Christ, as the Snn of God. he also meant to im- 
press, on all believers, the importance of accepting 
the Master in obedience. In the narrative, belief in 
Jesus and loyalty to his teachings, go together. There 
is no such a thing as separating them. The presence 
of the one, in the life and experiences of an individual, 
means the presence of the other. This is the spirit of 
John's efforts and purposes, as clearly evidenced in 
nearly every part of his Gospel. If there is anything 
made clear, it is that faith in Christ and a sincere 
compliance with his requirements, are essential to the 
salvation of which Jesus is the Author, as well as the 
Finisher. With this in mind, John gave the world 
his account of the Messiah, and for practically 1,819 
years it has gone on exerting its influence, that men 
and women "might believe that Jesus is the Christ. 
the Son of God; and that believing" they "might 
have life through his name." 
Eustis, Fla. 

Notes from Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, China. 

Oct. 30 the Mission at Ping Ting had great oc- 
casion to rejoice. We were pleased to have Dr. O. G. 
Brubaker with us. to share in our joys. During the 
previous months we had hopes that the number to be 
received into the church at this time might possibly 
reach thirty, but when the day arrived there were 
forty-four baptized, two of the number being women. 
Besides these, fifteen others were held for further 
instruction. Since early summer a Bible class had 
been conducted for those who were seeking the way 
of salvation. The two weeks, previous to the day of 
baptism, three lessons were given daily on the fun- 
damental principles of the church of Christ, to those 
who seemed to be in real earnest. The power of the 
Spirit, in those meetings, was manifested in a way to 
he felt in larger circles than that of the class-room. 

Among those received at this time were school 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

boys, workmen, shopkeepers and teachers, one who 
had held an official position, the wife of a former 
( :hristian, and a widow. We might say that all class- 
es wen represented. The greater number were from 
this city, though sixteen were fruits of out-station 
work,— seven from LePing and eight from Soa Feng. 

i >n the (veiling of the same day a communion serv- 
ice was held, in which ninety-four partook of the 
sacred emblems'. It was, indeed, a feast of love, — no 
class or distinction being observed. Two brethren 
who, but a short time previously, had serious dif- 
ficulties, here sat side by side. The rich brother of 
official rank sat by the boy who had been a beggar. 
And so, throughout, there was the feeling of fellow- 
ship. The remembrance of our Lord's sufferings has 
the power, as nothing else, to unite all into one body 
in Christ. 

To the workers here it is marvelous how the Lord 
i blessing his work at this place. We look with 
bright hopes to the future. To the former Chris- 
tians it is a revival of earnest effort to reach higher 
standards of Christian living, and to bring others to 
the Christ, lor ihey begin to realize, that the King- 
dom is of widening influence, reaching out to all their 
countrymen. To those just received it is the mar- 
velous experierice of coming out of darkness into the 
light. They were, indeed, a happy group of people 
that wended their way home at the close of the meet- 

And you, brethren, sisters, and friends, what does 
iliis happy occasion mean to you? We know that 
you, too, will rejoice with us over these lost sheep 
being found, the&_e who, until now, have bowed to 
graven images and to the graves of their ancestors, 
hut henceforth how around the altar of the one true 
God with you. And while together we all. thus bow, 
will you not pray for your Chinese brethren? Some of 
them are lone lights in their home villages, and their 
trials will not be light, on special worship days, to re- 
sisi the customs of ages. Pray that they may be 
faithful in their confession and thus win their coun- 
trymen for the Kingdom above! 

I'll),} Ting Ihlni, Shuiisi, China, Nov. 6. 

The Meyersdale, Pa., Revival. 

BY W. M. &0WE. 

Hundreds are praising God for the greatest feast 
of good things the Brethren have ever had in the 
Meyersdale church. 

Eld. J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., had been 
engaged more than a year ago to come to us Nov. 
Li. 1915, to preach three weeks. Frequent reference 
was made to the coming meeting, as many looked 
fondly forward to the reaping time which, we be- 
lieved, was in store for us. 

Weeks before the meeting began, plans were per- 
fected for a preparation such as we never conducted 
or engaged in before. The congregation was divided 
into ten districts, and a committee of three was ap- 
pointed in each district, to conduct a cottage prayer 
meeting in their respective district, once a week, 
for five weeks before the revival began. There were 
prayer meetings every night of the week. On Thurs- 
day night there were four. Some districts had calls 
to more than one home per week, and these calls 
were answered. On Friday nights no cottage prayer 
meetings were held, but all were invited to the church 
for prayer and conference. Likewise at the Christian 
Workers" Meeting, on Sunday evening, there was 
much spiritual preparation. All told, there were six- 
ty-four prayer meetings held, with a total attend- 
ance of eight hundred and thirty-six at the cottage 
prayer meetings alone. No record was kept of the 
attendance at the church. 

These prayer meetings could not be called the best, 
— all of them,— and not any of them were the shout- 
ing kind, yet God worked through them in a way that 
pleased us very much. A little singing and reading 
and talking and praying in each home, with our minds 

enti red on the goodness of God, resulted in six ac- 
cessions to the church before the meetings began, and 
prepared us, in part at least, for an outpouring of 
t*ie Spirit and an awakening such as few of us had 
ever before experieced. 

The singing figured in a large way. J. W. Yoder, 
of Philadelphia, was secured to lead the singing, and 
lie began drilling us on Friday evening, Nov. 12. We 
sang each evening and on Sunday afternoon, — the 
lovers of song gathering in larger arid still larger 
numbers— so that, though the meeting began on 
" washday " night, the house was comfortably filled 
when Bro. Cassady arrived. 

The singing was excellent throughout, and the 
preaching was of the very best. As a result, we had 
large audiences continually, — packed houses very 
often. A number of times people were turned away. 
There were three sermons on each of the three Sun- 
days, and three on Thanksgiving Day. Still the 
crowds kept coming to each service, and we are sure 
that they drew nearer to God as well. 

At one service, when the house was packed at an 
early hour, a proposition was made that the breth- 
ren and sisters who would be pleased to give their 
seats to friends outside, that could not get in, should 
go the hack way to the basement, and there engage 
in prayer while the Word was being preached to the 
crowd above. More than a hundred unselfishly re- 
sponded to this call, and soon the ushers had the seats 
tilled a^ain with people that were about ready to turn 
from the crowded entrance to return to their homes. 
Because of this unselfish act, likely none were dis- 
ajipointed that night, but, on the contrary, an extra 
large number helped. Those of God's children who 
gave their seats to others, we may well believe, re- 
ceived the greater blessing, for even in this " it is 
more blessed to give than to receive," and who doubts 
hut that the success, attained in the upper room that 
night, and later, was due, in part, to the improvised 
power-house in the chapel below? 

Early in the meeting, the sisters began to conduct a 
nursery in the basement for the care of children who 
otherwise might prove more or less annoying to the 
meeting, and to those as well, who attempted to care 
for the children while trying to enjoy the sermon. 
The sisters brought cradles, beds, little tables, chairs, 
etc., to the nursery, and from two to ten sisters were 
detailed each evening for service in that room. Thus 
they cared for from two to thirty-eight babies and 
young children at each service (hundreds all told), 
while the mothers enjoyed the services and were 
helped. What a blessing that nursery was, and how 
glad scores of women were, to be thus relieved, and 
to be privileged to rest and worship at the same time. 

Bro. Cassady, by the grace of God, was at his best. 
He thundered against sin in all its hideous and hyp- 
ocritical forms ; he handled alike, without mercy, the 
willful sinner and the inconsiderate and indolent pro- 
fessor. He unveiled the mere formalist, the godless 
pretender, the empty-hearted professor and the 
modern hypocrite and Pharisee. He helped all to see 
themselves in the light of God's truth, and caused 
many to feel their need of. a coat of righteousness, 
not of their own making. Sinners on the outside and 
sinners in the church were made to tremble, and to 
seek from God that pardon and peace which passeth 

Plain, sound and convincing were the sermons that 
were given to doctrinal teaching. Probably all the 
distinctive doctrines of the church were touched up- 
on, while some were most impressively emphasized 
in a way that made converts and not enemies. We 
wish every congregation could be favored, as we have 
been, with these well-prepared sermons, delivered in 
a way that made people feel like coming night after 

The results were great, blessed and far-reaching. 
All the churches of the town were constantly repre- 
sented and", — dare we add? — about all were repre- 
sented among the converts. People continue to talk 
about the meetings and the help they were to them. 
We arc sorry if there is one among our number who 
claims not to have been helped. So far as we know, 
the faithful confess they were helped, and the rest 
had the same opportunity. 

During the campaign there were one hundred and 
three confessions. Of these, eighty were baptized 
and nine reclaimed. Of the remaining fourteen, three 
have since been baptized, and others await the sacred 

rite. Since Sept. 1, 1014, at forty different services, 

a total of one hundred and seventy-nine members 
have been received by baptism and othenvise. During 
the same period, twenty-six have been lost by death 
and otherwise. Our membership has thus been in- 
creased, in less than sixteen months, from three hun- 
dred and thirteen to four hundred and sixty-six, for 
which we continually praise God. 

After three full weeks of preaching (twenty-nine 
sermons in all), Bro. Cassady remained for the love 
feast on Monday evening. It was, of course, the 
largest in the history of the church. Our large 
house was filled with tables, which were crowded 
with communicants, and still all could not be ac- 
commodated, though Bishop C. G. Lint, at the par- 
sonage, had wisely arranged, at the same hour, a 
private love feast with nine at the table. 

The love feast was most orderly, spiritual and help- 
ful. It was not unnecessarily prolonged, for when the 
bread and cup were passed, each table, as at feet- 
washing, was made a circuit of its own. In the of- 
ficiating, Bro. Cassady was assisted by Eld. Silas 
Hoover, and by all of the three home ministers, and 
more could have been used to advantage. 

The hour was not late, and no one was weary when 
Bro. Cassady began his splendid closing talk, full of 
warm admonitions and good advice to all. On the 
following three evenings, we had love feasts in the 
homes of three invalids, with others who could not be 
at the table on Monday evening. 

We praise God for the spirit of cooperation which 
was manifested. We thank him for the inspiration 
of song that was ours recently, for Bro. Cassady's 
coming, and, most of all, for the work of the Holy 

We pray that the present inspiration may con- 
tinue with us, that we may be led to a still deeper con- 
secration, and that Bro. Cassady and all our evan- 
gelists may be more and more baptized with the Spirit, 
and used of Ged. 

Meyersdale, Pa. 

Vyara Notes. 

The weather is now cooler by night and ■ 
ly enjoy the refreshing change from the 
heat. However, by day the temperature 

90 F. 

At the end of September real famine threatened 
in several provinces of India. This was true of 
North Gujerat. At this time the missionaries in 
Conference appointed a day of prayer for rain. 
Just prior, a Bombay paper had the following in it: 
" Nothing much short of a miracle will save Gujerat 
and Kathiawar from famine." The Christians of 
all Gujerat prayed for rain, and it is blessed to be 
able to say that God graciously heard and sent the 
rain. The same Bombay Editor again wrote : " The 
storm is unique in its character, for no cyclonic de- 
pression has ever been known to appear so late in the 

This answer to our prayers was very interesting 
to young Christians in our schools here. While we 
prayed, — nay even before we prayed, — God fulfilled 
his Word, and sent the much needed rain. It rained 
so much that one missionary began to pray for it 
to cease raining in his district, and that it might rain 
more farther north, where it was needed the more. 

Rice, as a crop, was short this year, — perhaps a half 
crop. Other crops, such as cotton and India cereals, 
will surely yield a full crop this winter. Prices of 
goods, grain, etc.; arc generally very high, so India 
lias real reason for gratitude to God, for good pros- 
pects for winter crops. 

Not having mentioned the matter before this, I am 
glad to report that our schools, both the secular and 
the Sunday-schools, are progressing nicely. This 
year 135 candidates sat in the All-India Sunday- 
school examination, of which number the failures 
were few. One of our men was second, and one of 
our boys here fifth, in their respective grades, for 
all Gujerat. This is interesting to our crowd here, 
and they mean to try harder next year. Their cer- 
tificates recently came. Our children are on leave at 
present, so the certificates will lie handed nut later. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

c examined 

HOME Acd about three 

■ .. school. In India 

- good, even among caste 

>r children whose parents never sat in 

ij record is considered by the Inspector 


that not a few of the children in these 
already given their'hearts to Jesus, and 
:he Sunday-school examin- 
had no other, that they are 
.s we look at our 
for the blessing the schools 
air future work. 

teachers are faithfully 
of teacher-training. 

of to i 

d R 


jound to bring into o 
present, too, most of 

I tig the second year 
:en hope to be ready for examination about 
. Eight out of nine recently passed in the first 
:ourse. Others had passed before. 

lever season, and many about us have gone 

result. One or two families have gone elsc- 

a breath of better air, if possible; for a 

good always, they think. This recurring 

eason makes us wish, as does the need of this 

ard district, for a doctor for this station. 

vould furnish a rare opportunity for any con- 

l young man, looking for an opening to 

medicine to the glory of .God. 

another Christmastidc will be upon us. and. 

of the peace that the Prince of Peace would 

; world, we continue to have cruel hate per- 

. Recently I came across the following: "I 

hto the trenches on Christmas night. One 

have thought there was war going on. All 

soldiers and the Germans were talking and 

half-way between the opposing trenches. 

e was filled with English and Germans hand- 

another cigars. All night we sang carols. 

xt day we got an order that all communication 

dly intercourse must cease." 
mats likely know why the war started. The 
t soldiers on either side likely do not know 
Id not fight, if they had their way. The heart 
cries out for peace. India will never cease 
ider at the bloodthirstiness of Western nations, 
lways feel like denying the saying, several 
poken in my hearing, " that this war has in 
hindered the Gospel message." 
, Surat District, India. 

Winona Conference for 1916. 

j'Annual Conference for 1916 will be held at 
* Lake, Ind., June 1 to 9. Owing to tlie fact 
'J nave already held two Conferences at Winona 
f is neqjdless to say why that place has' been 
1 or the third time. 
"nmmittee of Arrangements met at Winona 
21, to perfect plans and to arrange 
members of the committee were 
mittee is made up of the three Ohio 
e Indiana Districts, the pistrict of 
t two District's of Illinois, the South- 
hern (including Wisconsin). 
Jopted is, " Peace. Unity. Holiness." 
at the sentiment expressed by these 
ome the aim of every one attending the 

ittee has arranged its general program 

ctcd the speakers for the different parts. 

i number of permanent boards and com- 

t arrange (heir own program for each Con- 

The Committee of Arrangements is labor- 

■] e end that there shall be no, or very few. 

s " on the Conference program. It would 

i with the large talent from which to draw. 

, not be necessary to ask the same person to 

;i number of meetings. Further, it is believed 

ore are placed on the program, the sentiment 

')tto can be more fully realized. 

nmittees were appointed. These subcom- 

•ill facilitate the work, and minimize the ex- 

V'ith nine members on the committee, widely 

scattered, the 
On tli 

of the 
possible if the 

This third Conference, held at Winona Lake, Ind., 
will be the 118th General Conference of the Church of 
the Brethren. May we all labor and pray to thj end 
that it may be a spiritual henediction to the entire 
church at home and abroad! 

Elgin, HI. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 


with our t-1 

,";., wortS™ 

of meeting. 

Klirer, An ..II,. Fhi . 

THE GOSPEL MESSENOER—January 1, 1916. 


A Timely Prohibition. 

" Mi m»t as the tu.rsc or as the mule," said the cel- 
ebrated seer. In other words. "Don't be a kicker." 

The "kicker" is not the product of modern edu- 
cation. He was in existence long before they had 
schools, or. at least, before the Brethren had them. 

" Jeshurun waxed fat and kicked." Kicking is the 
natural result of too much feed and not enough work. 
The one who is kicking is thus engaged simply be- 
cause he doesn't have to rustle for his fodder. Tying 
him up by the head isn't the cure. Give him the 
collar and hames. and a load; and soon he wiM begin 
lo bray. Braying is an incontestable mark of his do* 
cility and dependence. He is recovering his humor. 

You see this principle of surfeit in the lives of 
Eli's disobedient sons. The Lord said to them, "Why 
kick ye at my .sacrifice? " They were getting the 
best portions of the offerings, and yet were not satis- 
fied. They kicked. Looking for the cause of their 
recalcitrancy we find It bedded in idleness. Tin 
joined the " out-q^^^Be " class. AH any 
for matriculation is hoofs, In whatever 
Lord finds bis wop^^^knd moods are many 
to //icira^Kers. 

Now. just a little Ijfl^^^Bnthropotomy. You were 
never intended to be iL^^^K You aren't built that 

T.ikm- up your foot, and- wnio v i 1 u: ;. "ur shoe and 
sock, you observe that b^^^Kn — that hammer ar- 
rangement,— you call thcJj^^fcTt is located at the 
1m. k pail of tin- jf^f('. right Wher«' \<m can't use it 
cMint for j^i*n<e\ Tf God^^^Bf ended you for r 
kicker, he would have put tA^^H '" front, where 
it could have been of servicd^^^ki front, you ob- 
serve, we have a claw-like m^^^^ft the phalanges 
that prehensorial affair, you caS^^^nes. You have 
ti\e of these. See how they gr^^^^B&t means yov 
are to get a grip on life, and hoJI^TO it. Do you 
remember what Paul said, " Hold fast that which i; 
gpod " ? Gripping the good is yi 
there is so much more than a handful of i 




The Fizzler. 

It is often startling and discouraging to see how 
many people there are wlio are ready to fight sin 
when it is not immediately in sight, and then grow 
cautious and circumspect when it actually faces them. 

A short time ago a man came to me, all afire with 
temperance enthusiasm. He knew of flagrant viola- 
lions of laws and had abundant evidence to convict 
the guilty parlies. He was sure that everything was 
ready to make arrests and clean things up, and he 
pronounced the severest condemnation on so-called 
temperance people who just " stood around and 
wouldn't do anything." 

I then proceeded to apply the probe, as to the nature 
of his evidence. On the surface it looked conclusive. 
I then outlined the necessary steps of procedure. 
This included the necessity of his appearing as a 
witness in the case before the court. Then his cour- 
age and enthusiasm vanished. " Oh, no, I couldn't ap- 
pear publicly in the matter. I am giving the infor- 
mation, but my part must be kept secret. I have a 
business that would suffer. I dare not incur the en- 
mity of these people; they might set fire to my build- 
ings or waylay me. Oh, no, I must not appear pub- 
licly in this matter." 

The failure to overcome much of the flagrant evil 
about us comes from the lack of moral courage to act, 
on the part of those who profess to be the advocates 
of better things. Men are ever ready to parcel out 
disagreeable tasks to others, and loudly proclaim the 
demands of duty upon them, but when they them- 
selves are requested to do the task that only they can 
do, they flinch and refuse to act. There are a few 
who can support a conviction of right by doing the 
right. There are many who, for reasons of persona! 

The New Year's Business. 



a close, and the farmer, merchant and manufacturer 
are laying their plans for another year. Each will en- 
deavor to improve on his present system, that he may 
do more and better business in 1916 than he has 
done during the past. 

The writer was impressed with this thought a few 
years ago, while employed in a table factory in North- 
ern Michigan. A number of us were at work at our 
benches, rubbing tables after they had been painted 
with wood filler, when suddenly our foreman came 
along, noticing each man's work more closely than 

Several of us had not worked there long, and did 
not understand what the red card on each piece meant. 

When we cast rather inquisitive glances at him, he 
fiots off. These 
depends on 

that you and I 
he church? Has your Sunday-school 
nplished what it should, in the past 
j ear, or is ii rulher at a standstill ? Are many precious 
souls, for some unaccountable reason, still unsaved? 
Perhaps some one has failed to remove some spots, 
and through all the Christian varnish and polish those 
spots show, and make us poor samples. The adver- 
tising power of the church has been weakened, and 
she has not done the business she should. 

Our able body of evangelists is doing a noble work ; 
but much more might he accomplished if every lay- 
member were a good sample. 

Let's get the spots off, brethren, for next year's 
business depends on us. 

Tipton, Iowa. 

Yesterday and Today. 

This bright December morn there is beautv every- 
where. Each shrub, each twig, the poorest weed, is 
clothed in diamonds rare. Yesterday was one of 
those dark, gloomy days that try even the best of us: 

The drizzling mist froze as it fell, until tree-tops 
swayed under their burden. The leaves which flut- 
tered around our feet like drifted heaps of gold, but 
a day ago, lay rigid under a sheet of ice." To say the 
least, it was a dismal, dreary day, and, as I remarked 
to a friend, " It takes a whole lot of sunshine in the 
soul to keep one's good spirits uppermost on such a 

But, lo! this morning, as the sun rises in all its 
splendor, sending its bright rays through myriads of 
crystal pendants, and as the gentle breeze sways the 
tree-tops to and fro, one can see all the colors of the 
rainbow in the most dazzling beauty imaginahle. 
Neither tongue nor pen can describe the beauty of 
such a scene. Would I had language to express the 
gratitude of my heart for the pleasure it affords me, to 
be able to peer out, from inner darkness, through the 
windows of the soul, on such a marvelous display of 
God's handiwork t And I can but wonder what it 
must be to be where the glory of his countenance out- 
shines the brightness of the noonday sun. 

" In that city of pure gold, there shall be no night, 
and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for 
the Lord God giveth them light." 

Morrill, Kans. 

A Christmas Spirit Throughout the Yea 

However many and costly the gifts this Christmas- 
tide may have brought us. none was more valuable to 
us than the opportunity it afforded of checking the 
rising tide of selfishness in our lives. The real joys 
we experienced were in proportion to.the right use we 
made of this opportunity. 

Did you t 
Id be withu. 
Gift? Andsha.L 
fluence? The present se aj - s -^ im- 

perially free from " commercialized " gi- 
to receive something in return, for the 
sad hearts, this Christmastide across the 
a fatherless child woke up to find its stock 
Many a widowed mother waited in vaitvfor 
of loved ones. Many a sweetheart longer .^i 
absent lover. Many a home, joyous in other da; 
now sad and lonely. 

Shall we not, from such scenes as these, catel 
spirit of the Christ who gave himself for a lost w< 
And shall we not thereby be enabled to fill up the 
intervening between each recurring Christm; 
with unselfish gifts to God and man? Truly w< 
and thus make each returning Christmastide h, 
than the last. 

Preston, Minn. 


Lesson for January 9, 1916. 

Subject.— The Coming of the Holy Spirit.— Acts 
Golden Text.— Know ye not that ye are a ten 

God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?- 

3: 16. 
Time.— Sunday, May 28, A. D. 30. 


Missionary Program. 

By Ross n. Murphy. 
For Sunday Evening, January 9. 

1. Opening Exercises.— (1) Missionary Song 
Scripture Reading. Matt. 10: 1-15. (3) Prayer.— 
for our missionaries. 

2. Recitation (missionary in sentiment). 

3. Subjects for Five-minute Talks: (1) Why I 
in Foreign As Well As Home Missions. (2) Why 
to Missions As the Lord Has Prospered Me. (3) 
Derived from Regular Missionary Programs. 

4. Essay.—" The World's Greatest Need*" 

5. Select Reading. — From the " Visitor." 

6. Report of What Our Missionaries in India A 


Closing Ex 


Answered Prayers. 

1 John 5; 14, IS; Study Eph. 3: 14-21. 
For Week Beginning January 9, 1916. 

1. Prayer Is the Expression of Confidence in Gt 
the outburst of a great want, a strong desire, ant 
necessity. Without question, it is the language of 
enlightened by the Spirit of God, to discover _itsi 
ties, and to receive what Divine Bount- 

it. It is intelligent, discriminating, def 
surance in the Divine Purpose and th 
ness to bestow (Psa. 9: 10, 12; 37: 4; I 
22; John 1?: 7; Heb. 4: 16; 11: 6; I J« 

2. Our Petitions Must Be Such As tc 
swer Possible. — When our prayers re- 
soul's sincere confidence, they are, as a > 
regulated by God's promise and warrant, 
vealed, is clear to every honest inquirer. 
cepts in plenty, concerning our progress' 
which all else must be made subordinate. 
ample promises to all who arc willing to tb 
word. We may secure help for ourselves 
from danger, support under trial, and comfc 
fiiction. Then, too. we may consistently pray 
interests of the church,— the conversion of sinnt 
progress of God's Kingdom throughout the w< 
10: 17; 34: 15, 17; Prov. 3: 6; Isa. 55: 6; Matt. ' 
Mark II: 24, 25). 

3. How the Choicest Blessings May Be Ours 
Prayer.— Faith that abounds, brings to us the bit 
desire. Such a faith is not a mere opinion, in 
persuasion, but an intelligent, active principle: (1 
apprehends the good promised and sought. (2) B_» | 
al influence it prepares and qualifies the pctitione 
enjoyment of the promised good. (3) As our pr 
answered they subserve the highest interests of t 
selves (Job 22: 27; 33: 26; Psa. 32: 6; 55: 16- 91 
18, 19; Matt. 7: 7-11; John 14: 13, 14; Rom. 8: 26) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 



The New Year. 


year is dawning! 


Master, let it be, 

In wor 

ing or in waiting. 


cr year with thee. 


year of leaning 


thy loving breast, 

Of ever 

deepening truthfulness, 

Of q 

iet, happy rest. 

Speak n 

shade more kindly 


the year before; 

Pray a 

ittlc oftencr; 


a little more;. 

Cling a 

little closer 

To t! 

e Father's love: 

Life be 

ow shall liker grow 

To the heaven above. 

teachers and trainers by the rearing of their own chil- 
dren. Here is the chance for those to whom God 
never gave a child and who have long noticed the mis- 
takes other people made in the bringing up of their 
children. L.ct them take a homeless one and train it 
up in the way it should go. Added to the joy of ex- 
ercising their ability in the doing of a successful \\i»rk 
will be that of knowing that he whose eyes arc over 
all. is smiling approval on Ihcir generous deeds, and 
blessing their effort. 

No work that Christians can do can be of greater 
importance than that of taking a helpless, pliable 
child, anil training it up in the way it should go, to 
develop a character that may outlive the stars, and 
shine on unceasingly through ctcrnitv. 

Enid, Okla. 

God and the Child. 

Number Three. 

The child comes into the world weak and helpless, 
mentally a perfect blank, and all it ever knows, all 
it ever becomes, is the result of learning. Some of 
this learning is natural and involuntary, some of it is 
acquired by actual, determined effort, while much of 
it is obtained through the teaching of others. 

The Creator gives the child only the latent, unde- 
veloped mind, and then commands that we " train up 
the child in the way he should go," thus throwing the 
responsibility of the child's development on those who 
are most interested in its future, which naturally 
means the parents. It is possible, then, that the blank, 
plastic mind of the child can be trained in the way it 
is desired to have it go, and the promise is that in its 
later, more developed years it will walk therein. 

The failure of many children to go in the way 
which was chosen for them is advanced as proof that 
the promise attached to this divine command is not 
as true as the other promises God has given. The 
fact is overlooked that good people ai'e not all good 
teachers, or trainers, and that our human fallibility 
and failure, as teachers, may be the reason why the 
promise, given of old. so often seems to fail. Then, 
too, so much of the child's teaching and training must 
be left to others, — sometimes to those who are not 
good teachers, or who may not have the child's best 
interests at heart. 

Training a child in the way it should go does not 
mean simply compelling it to go a certain way, but 
means a teaching which will influence it to want to 
go in that certain way, because it loves that way. 
When a child is once taught to love a certain way, 
there is little danger that it ever will depart from it. 
Here is a wide, unlimited field for the teacher, to- so 
teach the pliant mind of the child that it will prefer 
the right way to every other way. 

To be a success, the teacher must love the child and 
be interested in it. It requires love to bear patiently 
with the child's weakness and waywardness, so as to 
persevere with " line upon line, precept upon precept." 
It requires love to know the child so well that the 
teaching may be properly adapted to its peculiar traits 
and characteristics, and unless this is done, the teach- 
ing and training will not be a success. It requires an 
interest in the child, to devote the time, the care and 
the thought necessary to do the proper teaching, so 
as always to keep unselfishly in view that which will 
be best for the child. 

While many good people prove themselves poor 
teachers of their own children whom they love, it is 
the child that is deprived of the natural care and 
guidance of parents who suffers most from the lack 
of the proper training in the way he should go. The 
Creator has not promised to do any more for the 
training of the children, forsaken by father and moth- 
er, than for the ones who are blessed with good par- 
ents, but they stand far more in need of it. Unless 
they receive the right kind of training, they will al- 
ways .lack the most important knowledge of life, and 
never be the success they otherwise could have been. 

Here is a grand opportunity for those who have al- 
ready shown to the world that they are successful 

Helping to Re 

i the Child. 


" Better 

ing of : 

The i 



oblcms that con 
Ashland, Ohio. 





The greatest help we can give a child i 
it, and the mother who loves only her own and has 
no room in her heart for the children of others, has 
not the real mother heart. It is so easy to love our 
own, and to regard the neighbor's child as a nuisance, 
that we are very likely to fall short right there. On 
the other hand, many noble women have the true 
mother heart, who have no children of their own to 
love. Just having children, does not make a good 
mother, any more than just getting married makes a 
good wife, or just belonging to church makes a good 

The child needs, first of all, a good mother, whether 
his own or a foster mother. Of vital importance, too, 
is a recognition of the child's right to he perfect 
physically. Here the mother should use every means 
to inform herself on the care of the child. Then- 
really is no excuse for ignorance, when nearly nil the 
good home magazines offer the expert advice of the 
best specialists in the world free, through their con- 
sulting departments and on their pages. 

Unfortunately, the ones who need this information 
most are those who do not see the worth-while read- 
ing which is so plentiful these days. We, who are 
more fortunate, should, therefore, help others by put- 
ting them in touch with these helps. 

Let us all help along in such good work as the 
s Home Companion has been doing in its 
Babies Movement." No one can ever 
the good that will come of that,— the bless- 
Dund bodies and perfect health for the child, 
ext help, in mothering the child, is to study 
the child's mind, — a study more complex than the 
physical needs of the child, but here, again, we can 
draw- on the specialists and the greatest educators for 
help, and there is no danger of any of us learning 
too much, of the child mind. 

Then, too, we should see to it that the child is well 
fitted for school when the school-age arrives. Don't 
let us try to load our share on the teacher. Her part 
is to teach the textbook; ours is to train in habits 
of cleanliness, neatness, good manners and good 
morals. Every mother should also consider it her 
most solemn duty to tell each child the wonderful 
story of life, rather than to resort to the mountain 
of lies, so often told to the inquisitive child. We can 
gain and bold the children's confidence in no better 
way than by telling them the truth in all things. The 
>f today are the citizens of tomorrow, and 
ined and taught, they may be 
ife and sane manner, the great 
: state and country. 

The views of scientists change, as they claim to 
have more positive and convincing truth, but the old 
p,ook. — the Bible, — never changes; for modern re- 
search and archaeological investigations only help to 
strengthen the history of the Bible. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Official Organ of the Church of tbo B 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
ilishing agent general mission boa 


Correipondlag Editors. 
B. Brumbaugh Huntingdon, Pa, 

ml Mahan Omajn, Cuba. 

AdviHory Committee. 
D. M. Gftrver, P. R. Keltner. S. N. McCann. 

Bro, O. C. Caski v. of Astoria, S. Dak., is to locate 
; Hancock, Minn., in the near future. 

Bro. J. W. Mver, of Lancaster, Pa., is booked for 
evival services in t lie* Lebanon church, Pa. 

Jine confessed Christ in the Conestoga church; 
. during Bro. John C. Zug's revival effort. 

Bro. J. F. Burton is expected to assist in a seri 
of meetings at Vale. Iowa, sometime in February. 

We learn that Bro. George E. Yoder is to take 
pastoral charge of the Norristown church, Pa., at an 
early date. 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn, N. Y., is to 
begin a series of evangelistic services in the York 
church. Pa.. Jan. 2. 

Bro. D. F. Warner, pastor of the church at Vir- 
den, 111., is assisting E. B. Hoff in a Bible in- 
stitute at Girard. III. 

Bro. J. F. Souders was with the Hancock church, 
linn., in a recent revival effort, during which five 
ame out on the Lord's side. 

Bro. L. L. Alger, of Girard, 111., has assumed pas- 
toral charge of the Sterling church, Colo., where he 
should be addressed hereafter. 

ct. 15 Bro. George Swihart, of Roann, Ind.. is to 
n a series of meetings at the East house of the 
■ Creek church, same State. 

NlNE turned to the Lord during the meetings, held 
by Bro. Charles Flory. of Pleasant Hill, Ohio, in the 
Woodland Village church. Mich. 

during Bro. A. S. Arnold's 
Mill Creek congregation, W 

of the truth 
in the North 

Bro. M. E, Stair, formerly located at Polo, Mo.. 
as moved to the Mont Ida church, Kans., where his 
linisterial endeavors are greatly needed. 

Bro. GaLEN B. Rover is at Johnstown, Pa., this 
week, where he is engaged in Bible Institute work, 
along with Bro. A. C. Wicand and others. 

The revival at South Keokuk, Iowa, conducted by 
Bro. James Swallow, of Hampton, same State, re- 
sulted in seventeen accessions to the church. 

During the meetings, conducted by Bro. David 
Hollinger. of Greenville, Ohio, in the Eversole church, 
same State, eight were received into fellowship. 

The McPherson College Bible Institute will be 
held Ian. 16 to Jan. 23. An interesting program has 
been provided, which will be published next week. 

Bro. Otho Winger, President of Manchester Col- 
lege, has been spending the last week of the old year 
in Sunday-school Institute work in Southern Ohio. 

RETHREN A. N. Hyllon and L. M. Weddic co: 
ed an inspiring revival effort in the Topei 
ch, Va., as a result of which ten were added 

Hie clu 

Sni's are being taken for the construction of a 
church in Kalispell, Montana, — ample grounds and 
the nucleus towards a building fund having already 
been provided. 

An interesting question, right now, on military pre- 
paredness, is this: "Who shall draw the line on the 
question of ' adequate preparedness.'— the taxpayers 
or the manufacturers of war implements? " 

l!ko. 1 <>n aim an David Meyers died at his home 
car Robins, Iowa, Dec. IS, aged nearly fifty-six 
ears. He was elected to the ministry in 1890, and 
3me years later ordained to the eldership. 

Bro. I. J. Rosenrerger called at the Messenger 
rooms last week. He was on his way to his home at 
Covington, Ohio, returning from Alvo. Nebr., where 
be had been engaged in evangelistic work. 

The enlarged church at Lebanon, Pa., was dedi- 
cated on Saturday and Sunday. Dec. 18 and 19, 
Brethren H. B. Voder. S. H. Hertzler, John Herr, 
Jacob Pfautz and J. PL Longenecker participating in 

Bro. J. A. Strohm, of Westphalia, Kans., is not a 
land agent, but he would like to see some Brethren 
families locate on some of the good farms now on 
the market in his vicinity, and thus aid in strengthen- 
ing the church. 

The District Meeting of Nebraska and North- 
eastern Colorado will be held in the Octavia church, 
Octavia, Nebr., Oct. 12. The elders meet Oct. 11, at 
1 : 30 P. M. See further announcement among the 
Colorado notes. — — — — 

Bro. T. T. Myers, of Juniata College, has been very 
sick for several weeks past, with typhoid fever. We 
are glad to learn that his condition lias improved re- 
cently and strong hopes are entertained that he is on 


to i 

Bro. D. L. Milller writes that the meetings at 
Omaja, Cuba, are well attended, and that the audi- 
ences are most appreciative. Several have expressed 
themselves as being deeply interested, and may be 
received into fellowship later. 

Sisters Bessie M. Rider and Nettie Senger, ap- 
pointed as missionaries to China at the Hershey "Con- 
ference, will sail for China, Jan. 25, from Seattle, 
Wash., on the steamship Tamba Maru, and will like- 
ly reach Shanghai about Feb. 22. 

On page 5 of this issue we publish a notice by Bro. 
J. E. Miller, Secretary of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments for our next Conference. It will be noted 
that the committee are making the most complete 
arrangements for a profitable gathering. 


ved ; 


of the Germantown, Pa., congregation. It is suitably 
illustrated and contains a list of the officers and mem- 
bership of both church and Sunday-school, with an 
introductory greeting by the pastor, Bro. M. C. 

Bro. J. D. Haughtelin, of Panora. Iowa, has so 
far recovered from his recent illness, that he is able to 
be out a little while each day when the weather is 
pleasant, though he is suffering with dropsy in his 
left foot and ankle. It is quite painful when on his 
. feet, otherwise passably comfortable. He is hopeful 
and thankful. 

A leading pastoral worker declares that the re- 
ligious journal is the very best helper in a busy city" 
charge. With the paper in every home, he is sure 
that the keenest interest will be aroused in every 
avenue of church work. With a body of wide-awake, 
well-informed members, the pastor is ready to enter 
upon really aggressive work. 

A recent newspaper heading read: "Fifty-nine 
killed and sixty-six injured," but it was not a report 
from the trenches in Europe. It merely recounted 
the fatalities of the hunting season in several of our 
northern States. 

Bro. M. C. Swigart, of Germantown, Pa., was 
with the members of Martinsburg, same State, in a 
series of evangelistic services, which closed Dec. 2. 
Six were received by confession and baptism, two 
await the administration of the sacred rite, one was 
reclaimed, and one was received by confession and 
change of church relationship. 

i The number of additions to the church by bap- 
tism, reported through the Messenger during the 
year 1915, according to the record kept by Bro. Edgar 
M. Hoffer. of Etizabethtown, Pa., lacked only eight 
of reaching ten thousand. There were also more than 
five hundred reclaimed. Bro. Hoffer's complete re- 
port will be published in next issue. 

Just a few days before Christmas, a generous sup- 
ply of grape fruit, sent us by Bro. Grant Mahan, of 
Omaja, Cuba, reached Elgin. The editorial workers 
of the Messenger, after sampling the luscious fruit, 
are quite-sure that Bro. Mahan lives in a goodly land, 
and they especially appreciate the kindly spirit that 
prompted the gracious remembrance of his cowork- ■ 

To ;i business communication a brother adds this £ 
encouraging postscript: "We are receiving many g 
favorable replies from our Congressman in regard to , 
discouraging any act that will bring about military 
training in our public schools." That is fine. And 
the way to get replies from your Congressman is to 
write him, and get others to write him. Have yo'u ■ 
done your part? Why not? 

At times, long-standing friendship is allowed to 
lapse because we discover an unexpected flaw or 
weakness in him whom we have long cherished as our 
friend. Let us remember, however, that if we ex- 
pect to have a friend without imperfections, we will 
never find what we seek. We love ourselves, with all 
our faults; why should we not love our friends in 
Let us be patient! 

Dr. Moorhouse, a leading official of the r 

has become heartily tired of reiterated enumerations 
of their membership, and multiplied statistics to that 
end. He suggests that hereafter there be a more pro- 
nounced leaning towards a weighing of real attain- 
ments, actual progress, etc. It has occurred to us that 
at times undue attention is paid to quantity, while 
quality is too often lamentably neglected. 


)ia Dell, of Beatrice, Nebr., now ii 
I'enty-seventh year, expresses her great appreci; 

of the Messenger, and it is readily seen by her letter 
that the paper is a great comfort to her. Early in 
life she resided for some time in Owen County, Ind., 
where a large relationship of the Garver family lived 
at that time. Sister Dell would be glad to hear from 
any members of that family who may still be living. 

When, at the recent rededication of the Red" Bank 
meetinghouse, Pa., an effort was made to cancel the 
indebtedness on the house by a call for pledges, the 
response was so liberal that more was subscribed than 
was needed. In a very short time $420 was raised. 
This shows what may be done, when there is " first 
a willing mind." The greatest difficulty in any fi- 
nancial problem, that our churches may encounter, is 
the absence of a willingness to give to the Lord's' 
work, as directed in his Word. 

A noted writer at one time said that it was " the 
purpose of language to conceal one's thoughts." Now 
a prominent novelist comes forward with the sugges- 
tion that it is an essential part of greatness to make 
one's language in a novel hard to understand, or 
easy to misunderstand, which, at times, amounts to 
the same thing. Obviously the same thing applies at 
times to diplomatic notes, political platforms and 
other documents which the people arc not supposed 
to understand too clearly, and concerning which a 
misunderstanding is always made possible. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

The Cuba of Today. 

When Columbus discovered Cuba, it had about 
half a million population of quiet, peaceable, gently- 
disposed people. He believed the island to be a part 
of the East Indies, and called the natives In 'ians. 
They received the invaders with marked kindness and 
great hospitality, giving the fullest possible liberty to 
visit their land without the least opposition. If their 
so-called " Christian " discoverers had shown them 
the same generous and kindly spirit, manifested by the 
Indians, their history would have been very different. 
They readily accepted Christianity, as taught by the 
Spanish Roman Catholic priests, and were baptized 
by them. In this they showed a more tractable dis- 
position than any other natives with whom the Span- 
iards came in contact in the New World. One only 
needs to recall the cruel wars, waged in Mexico and 
South America by the Spaniards against the natives, 
to establish this statement. 

The Spaniards found the natives of Cuba wearing 
gold. Small, rugged nuggets of the precious metal 
were formed ,and fashioned into shapes suitable for 
ornaments. The sight of the gold led the Spanish 
colonists to believe that it existed in the country, and 
aroused their covetousness and cupidity, and very 
soon after the colonies had been founded, the natives 
were forced into slavery and put to work in the 
mines. They were unaccustomed to hard labor. 
They had very easily obtained a good living before 
the invaders came. Their soil was rich and produc- 
tive, and it required but little agricultural work to 
produce all the food they needed, and their clothing, 
— very little being needed in the warm climate, — was 
secured without difficulty. Hard, heavy work and 
continual labor was not a part of their experience. 
The Spaniards could not understand why they should 
faint and fall down at their work in the mines. They 
did not manifest the slightest sympathy for the poor 
laborers. They were driven as slaves by cruel task- 
masters and the insatiable love of gold by the Spanish 
caused them to treat the natives with the most pitiless 
I barbarity and cruelty, even after the kind-hearted 
Indians had been baptized snd had become members 
of their church. 

Under forced labor, — compelled to work far be- 
yond their natural strength, — and the most cruel treat- 
ment they received, the Indians died off very rapidly. 
Had they been treated in the true Christian spirit, 
they might have developed into a fine and prosperous 
race. One author says that fifty years after the 
Spanish invasion, owing to the cruelties inflicted up- 
on them, not more than five hundred of the native 
men were living. The women were treated different- 
ly. They were not compelled to work in the mines, 
and they lived and remained on the Island. The 
natives made a few feeble attempts to throw off their 
slavery, but signally failed, and these efforts increased 
the cruelty and severity of their taskmasters, and 
hastened their entire extinction. Many of the Span- 
iards took the Indian women under their protection, 
and they lived together as husbands and 1 wives. The 
Spanish did not have a high standard of morality, and 
concubinage was common. The Indian women were 
compelled to submit to their conquerors. In this 
way the Indian blood -was perpetuated with a mixture 
of the Spanish, after the extinction of the Indian men. 
One occasionally sees a Cuban peasant, these days, 
who carries marks of the Indian blood. Practically 
the strain has died out, and there is no impression left 
on Cuban character or customs. Bro. Mahan in- 
forms the writer that he has at times met Cubans 
with strong Indian features. These were doubtless 
descendants of the Spanish and Indians. 

In the past, as in the present, many professing 
Christianity have not and do not manifest the spirit 
of Christ or the teaching of his blessed Word. How 
the cause of the Son of God has been betrayed and 
injured by those who profess to love and serve him! 
The greatest reproach brought on Christianity has 
come from professed followers of Christ. The hor- 
rible war in Europe is a present example of what pro- 
fessing Christians are guilty of. The rulers of 
Europe, who are personally responsible for this ter- 

rible war, all profess to be followers of the Great 
Prince of Peace. They all pray God to give their 
side the victory and bring destruction to their en- 
emies. One side has associated with it the Sultan of 
Turkey^ who is guilty of the most horrible massacres 
in modern times. He is helping them to overcome 
professed Christian nations. He is a follower of the 
false prophet Mohammed, who won his way by the 
edge of the sword, and taught its use against all 
Christians who were, and are still, held as infidels by 
the Moslems. He is the only consistent ruler in the 
war. He follows the teachings of his master. The 
Christian rulers, so called, do not. The war spirit 
that controls Europe and the great conflict there, is 
creating a strong sentiment in our own country in 
•favor of militarism. The President, in his message, 
urges a larger army and navy. Before the adjourn- 
ment of the present Congress, we shall see how strong 
the sentiment has grown. 

The population of Cuba today, — approximately two 
and a half million souls,— is composed of four dis- 
tinct classes: Cubans. Spaniards, Negroes and for- 
eigners. The latter, estimated at twenty thousand, are 
made up of Americans, English, Germans and a few 
from other European countries. To these must be 
added about ten thousand Chinese who have made 
their homes on the island. 

The Negroes number eight hundred thousand, and 
the rest, save the foreigners, are Cubans and Span- 
iards. A brief reference was made in our last letter 
to the Negro population. Of this class Mr. Charles M. 
Pepper, — who is perhaps as well informed as any 
writer, having had the best of opportunities for study- 
ing them, — has this to say: "The Negro of Cuba is 
not an idler, nor a clog on the industrial progress. 
He will do his part toward rebuilding the industries 
of the island, and no capitalist need fear to engage 
in enterprises because of an indefinite fear regarding 
Negro labor. In the country, for a time, the black 
laborers may be in a majority. On its political side 
the black population of Cuba has its definite basis. 
Social equality does not exist, but there is no color 
line. Social tolerance prevails. The part taken in the 
insurrection by the blacks has undoubtedly strength- 
ened their future influence." The blacks make good 
laborers and are, for the most part, well liked by 
their employers. In Cuba there are no separate rail- 
way stations or cars for the colored people. 

The'Cubans are white, speak Spanish, and are, for 
the most part, members of the Roman Catholic 
church. It is said that a Cuban is a Spaniard to the 
same extent that an American is an Englishman, and 
no more. Their ancestry is Spanish, but they are a 
separate and distinct class from their forefathers. 
Spain ruled them with a veritable rod of iron for 
more than a century. For a hundred years or more 
they sought to throw off the cruel, barbarous yoke of 
Spanish despotism by which they were deprived of 
freedom and most severely oppressed. They strug- 
gled heroically and bravely, and were only successful 
when the United States came to their assistance. 

Under Spanish despotism the Cubans had little op- 
portunity to develop into a strong, ambitious, reso- 
lute people. They were kept in ignorance, and schools 
were scarcely to he found among them. Now the 
day has just opened to the Cuban and the opportuni- 
ties are his to grow and develop. Schools are being 
established and education is sure to become general. 
When educated, he is courteous and polished in his 
address. Even the poorer peasants, who neither read 
nnr write, display a certain refinement and a decided 
intelligence. This is Mr. Lindsay's evidence, and he 
bears testimony that he never saw a dull or stupid- 
looking Cuban. They are hospitable and very kindly 
disposed one to another. I am told there is not an 
almshouse in Cuba because one is not needed. Chil- 
dren take care of their parents when they become 
old and helpless. This lesson might be taught with 
profit in some localities in our own country. 

" The lowest Cuban of the country will welcome 
-you with dignified self-possession to the hut in which 
his naked children are tumbling about among the pigs 
and chickens. He will be glad to do you a service for 
pay. and will overcharge you if you permit, but you 

can not offer him a gratuity without risk of offense. 
His simple needs are supplied with little labor. He 
works when he wants to, and loafs when he pleases. 
The ancestors of the Cuban peasant came from Cata- t— 
Ionia and Andalusia, and were a hardy stock. In May t ] 
comparatively few instances he has a title to a few n 
acres, lives, in a passably comfortable cabin, possesses s 
a yoke of oxen, a good horse, half a dozen pigs, and ,u,rcf "' 
plenty of poultry. Much more often he lives in a c " e< ! d; 
ramshackle hut, the one apartment of which affords ™ypjM 
(Concluded on Page 12.) i miteJI 

The Call of the New Year. ie to fc | 

It is a wonderful world in which the Church of the 'son e 
Brethren finds herself as the clock of the years strikes ngcr * 
nineteen hundred and sixteen. Her door of oppor- 
tunity was never wider, and the call to enter it was 
never louder. What will she do? Will she shut her 
eyes and ears, or will she look and listen and give , Fo jj 
heed? ,j t j ng 

From this wide open door paths lead to many fields ° rre - 
of promise. Promise, not of ease, Indeed, but of a n f 
chance to serve, a chance to prove her worth. *\ 
Promise of a chance to wrestle with great problems i«n\ 
and by wrestling bravely, even if not always success- eri 

fully, to get glory to herself and to her God. These U-- 
problems and opportunities are so numerous that we iac 
can not now refer to all of them. As the year moves j s 

on, and grace and strength are given, we hope to *'- e 
point out, in these columns, some of them at least, and g 

indicate some factors involved in their solution. T 

Concerning the church's evangelistic duty and op- .~ 

portunity, we have already spoken freely, and we ,j 

expect to say much more, for it is the thing of su- 
preme interest and must be kept constantly in the 
foreground. We have also spoken, and shall continue 
to speak, of her great work in building up her mem- 
bership in Jesus Christ. And there are many moral °°j[" 
issues and problems pressing upon her for attention. l 

These problems have to do with every phase of her 
relation to the world about her. They concern her |f- 
atti hide to political affairs, and to various social re- lf *- 
form movements, her relation to other religious bodies, ° 
and most vitally of all, perhaps, the relation of her cf 
individual members to numerous worldly influences rf. 
which constantly threaten their spiritual life and t- 
power, Upon some of these questions, the church 
has had little occasion, heretofore, to speak, hut now 
finds herself confronted with issues she can evade no 
longer. Upon others she has spoken clearly in the 
past, but in the light of new conditions, finds it neces- 
sary to restate her position or rcemphasize it. 

One such issue is now forced upon us by the logic 
of events. Several writers in the Messenger have 
referred to it recently, and last week Bro. H. C. 
Early discussed at some length the national situation 
which brings the question to the front. That situation 
may easily become such as to compel us to take stock 
anew of our attitude to war, and even as matters stand 
at present, the opportunity to do so is before us. ! ' 

What shall we do with it? e 

The Church of the Brethren has always been op- .. 

posed to war. That is, she has not permitted her ] 

own members to engage in it. But her thought has 
not always been uniformly clear that nobody should 
engage in it. There has lurked, in her subconscious- 
ness, a feeling that, after all, wars were probably 
necessary, — that they served some useful purpose in 
the Divine Plan. Somebody, of course, must do the 
fighting, but we must not. not even if we have to , 
hire somebody in our place. But are we not ready n 
to move on up boldly to the higher ground, as we - v 
have already done on the temperance issue? This '. 
higher ground is, that if war is wrong for us, it is ■_ 
wrong for everybody else; that God has no need of 
war in his business, and that the sole cause of it is i 
the perverseness of the human heart, and that our ■ 
duty is not exhausted In abstaining from war our- 
selves, hut that we must do our utmost to keep every- 
body else from engaging in it. 

Tn li;irmnnv with this sentiment it is a pleasure to 
note the action of some of our District Conferences. 
in sending to the national authorities protests against 
the proposed program of military preparedness. No 

i of the§§ yhhing brethren and als< 

Urffc Bulletin, December is; 
Dec. 17, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

loubt there would have been more actions of this 
and if the " preparedness " epidemic had assumed 
serious proportions a little earlier. But we ought to 
make the most of the opportunities we still have. By 
petitions and by personal letters to "the powers that 
be " we ought to make said " powers " realize, at least, 
that we arc alive and that we have convictions which 
we are not afraid to state and to defend before any- 
body anywhere. 

And our peace principles need also a new em- 
phasis at this time in our preaching. If our preachers 
can not match the eloquence of William Jennings 
Bryan, they ought, at least, to be ashamed to let him 
outdo them in conscientious devotion to this cardinal 
principle of the Gospel of Jesus Christ. And they 
surely ought to inform themselves sufficiently to 
speak with intelligence on the subject. It is not 
enough to say that it is wrong to kill, though it is, of 
course, important to say this. We must show why 
the proposed policy of a large increase in soldiers and 
battleships, with the possibility even of compulsory 
military training in the public schools, ought not to 
prevail. We shall not attempt to restate the argu- 
ment in full, but in a nutshell it is this: The dangers 
in the common welfare which are involved in the 
nation's embarking on a policy of militarism are im- 
measurably greater than any possible dangers which 
can arise from the policy of " unprepa redness." A 
preacher who could not endorse that proposition 
would not be fit to be a member of the Church of the 
Brethren. And any man who does endorse it, must, 
in honor, make an honest effort to defend it in time 
of need, and the present hour is such a time. 

Let the voice of the church be beard in this crisis 
in tin- nation's history, for it is a crisis. Let your 
representatives in Congress know what you expect, 
rather, what vou demand of them. " Petitions are bet- 
Icr than nothing, but a flood of personal letters would 
be better still. But whether by sermon, petition, or 
personal appeal, let us lead out in a rally of the peace- 
loving people of the country in a mighty protest 
against the threatened crime against American ideals 
and Christian civilization. If, indeed, the United 
States is determined deliberately to throw away the 
greatest opportunity to serve humanity which has ever 
come lo a great nation, let no part of that respon- 
sibility be laid at your door and mine. 

\nd who knows? Suppose that, by earnest and 
united effort, we should succeed hi stemming the tide 
until the craze shall have subsided, and the country 
has bad time to come to its senses again, and its 
thought has been safelv* turned, once more, to peace- 
ful pursuits, would not that be a consummation worth 
achieving? Would you not be glad to have had a 
part in it? And even if the effort should not succeed 
'm accomplishing its purpose, do you not see why we 
need to make it for our own salvation? Are you 
aware that in that case our own backbone could stand 
a little stiffening? Do you know that an honest ef- 
fort in a good cause is never, in the long run, lost? 

But our space is gone, and the New Year is still 
calling. Do you hear it, brother? And will you 

Meeting of Committees on Fraternal 

COMMITTEES appointed by the Brethren (Progres- 
sive) Church and -the Church of the Brethren, on 
fraternal relations between the two bodies, met at 
Hagerstown, Md., in the Brethren (Progressive) 
church, November 13, 1915. 

The committee, representing the Brethren Church, 
is composed of J. Allen Miller, Ashland, Ohio, Martin 
Shively, Masontown, Pa., and Charles A.- Bame, 
Plymouth, Ind. The committee representing the 
Church of the Brethren is composed of I. N. H. 
Beahm, Nokaeville. Va., J. W. Fidler. Brookville, 
Ohio, and H. C. F-arly, Penn Laird, Va. All the 
members of both committees were present. 

After earnest prayer, participated in by all present, 
and organization for the joint meeting, the general 
situation was considered at some length. Under this 
general subject, three definite lines of study were fol- 
lowed : First, ground held in common by the two 
churches; second, differences in doctrine and prac- 

tices; and, third, the spirit of the two bodies toward 
organic, union. 

It was shown that the two churches hold much 
doctrine in common ; in fact, practically the whole 
doctrinal field is held in common. Even in the doc- 
trine of a central government, which has been regard- 
ed as the foundation of the differences, the two are 
much closer together than had been previously sup- 
posed. It was something of a surprise. It was shown 
also that differences exist. They consist, for the most 
part, in matters of application, or methods of applying 
and working out in practice the principles of New 
Testament teaching. On the spirit of the two bodies 
toward organic union, it was the common judgment 
that both are growing more and more toward a com- 
mon point of view, and that both are realizing, more 
and more, their duty toward each other and also their 
duty toward the world at large ; but that no definite 
action should be attempted until the spirit is ripe for 

In the spirit of common brotherhood, especially in 
view of the relations between the two bodies, it is the 
judgment of the Joint Committee that the effort to- 
ward union should be continued, and that every legiti- 
mate means should be employed to bring about the 
proper conditions whereby the bodies may become 
one, even as they were once one. It is recommended 
that there be an exchange of fraternal delegates be- 
tween the two Conferences. 

Each committee remains free to formulate its own 
report and make any recommendations to its own 

H. C. Early, Chairman, and 

J. Allen Miller, Secretary Joint Committee. 

The Mission Board Meeting. 

Reference was made in our columns two weeks 
ago to the meeting of the General Mission Board, 
which was in session at that time. A large part of the 
business was of a routine nature, the consideration of 
reports of various kinds, and of requests for appro- 
priations, — matters which are not very interesting, or 
suitable for publication, but which, nevertheless, re- 
quire an enormous amount of painstaking labor on the 
part of the Board. We select a few items for special 

Among the appropriations made was- one of $2,000 
for a hospital at Ping Ting Hsien. China. This was 
easy to do, since the money for this purpose has been 
pledged by the Roanoke City church, Virginia. Three 
hundred and fifty dollars was also granted for needed 
improvements on the Bulsar Boarding School, and 
permission was given to establish a similar school at 
Vali, India. A numbers of applications for assistance 
to State Districts had to be deferred for the want of 
available funds. 

Bro. F. H. Crumpacker who, with his family, will 
return to America on furlough in the spring, was ap- 
pointed to visit the various schools of the Brotherhood 
before the next Conference in the interest of volun- 
teers for the foreign field. 

The suggestion of a General Music Board, to fos- 
ter and direct the development of vocal music among 
us, was offered. The Board felt that this was a mat- 
ter which did not fall within its province, but en- 
couraged the idea of having it brought to the atten- 
tion of the Conference. 

The experiment of having missionary exhibits at 
Annual Conference, as a means of stimulating mis- 
sionary interest, was pronounced successful, and it 
was decided to provide such an exhibit at Winona 

It was decided that Sisters Bessie Rider and Nettie 
Senger, under appointment as missionaries to China, 
be sent to the field as soon as possible. 

An automatic sprinkler system was ordered in- 
stalled in the Publishing House Building, as a means 
of better protection against fire, as well as of reduc- 
ing the cost of insurance. 

It was decided to reorganize the method of doing 
field work in raising missionary funds, and the Sec- 
retary, Bro. Galen B. Royer, was appointed to direct 
this entire work, and he was urged to make an active 
campaign along this line. 

A few applications for appointment as foreign mis- 
sionaries were presented, but were not in shape for 
final action. 

These items give the reader a very inadequate con- 
ception of the volume of business which engaged the 
attention of the Board. The most vivid impression 
which your office editor carried from the meeting 
was the conviction that the church at large does not 
at all realize what an amount of energy and time is 
freely given, — freely, in two senses. — by the members 
of our General Mission Board for the advancement of 
the church's great work of world evangelization. 


When a Man Comes to Himself.— By Woodrow Wil- 
son. President of the United States, published by Harper 
and Brothers, New York". Cloth. Thirty-eight pages. 
Price, fifty cents. May be ordered of the Brethren Pub- 
lishing: House. 

This little book is a gem, — such as would be expected 
by any one familiar with President Wilson's rare ability 
to put sound, wholesome thinking into simple, beautiful 
and forceful phrases. No description of it can give a 
better idea of its character than a few sentences from 
the book itself: "It is a very wholesome and regenerat- 
ing change which a man undergoes when he 'comes to 
himself.' . . . It is a process of disillusionment. The 
scales have fallen away. He sees himself soberly, and 
knows under what conditions his powers must act, as welt 
as what his powers arc. He has got rid of earlier prepos- 
sessions. . . . He has learned his own paces. . . . 
over what sorts of roads he must expect to make the 
running. ... It is a process of disillusionment, but 
it disheartens no soundly made man. It brings him into 
a light which guides instead of deceiving him, . . . 
and makes traveling both safe and cheerful." 

Blood Against Blood.— By Arthur Sidney Bootli-CHb- 
bom. Published by Charles C. Cook, ISO Nassau St., N. 
Y. Cloth. 176 pages. Net fifty cents. May be ordered 
of Brethren Publishing House. 

This book is indeed sensatioiia 





is the Cross with the blood dripping therefrom. On the 
back is another ''cross." made of a bayoneted rifle and a 
spear with the points dripping in blood. This at once in- ll/ 
dicates the book's purpose. It is a powerful and wonder- ^J 
fully graphic arraignment of war. It was first inspired by 
the British-Boer war in South Africa. This is the third 
edition, given new and terrible timeliness by the present 
European, carnage. The thesis of the book is that war 
must be opposed by the doctrine of the Cross of Christ, 
that all unchristianized opposition to militarism is bound 
to fail. "The test of true Christianity is willingness to 
sacrifice life rather than do wrong. Jt is not necessary 

Present-Day Prayer Meeting Helps.— Edited by Norman 
E. Richardson. Published by Eaton & Mains, New York. 
Price, per copy, fifty cents postpaid. May be ordered 
from the publishers or Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 

That there is a place for the prayer meeting, and that 
the members of the congregation can well afford lo be 

gained from a properly-conducted meeting, is admitted 
generally. That there Is not. everywhere, as large an at- 

a serious lack in meeting changed 'conditions. " Present- 
Day Prayer Meeting Helps" is well calculated to suggest 
new lines of thought by which a more adequate interest 
may be aroused and maintained. 

The Eternal Building, or the Making of Manhood. — By 
George T. Lcnmion. Published by Eaton & Mains, New 
York, at seventy-five cents per copy, postpaid. May be 
ordered from the publishers or Brethren Publishing 
House. Elgin. III. 

The making of manhood is of vital concern to all who 
are really interested in the uplift of the human race. The 
author of this book treats in a practical way the deeper 
questions that confront every opening life. It is his deter- 
mined purpose to help to this end. and all who so read his 
treatise can not fail to obtain a larger and more exalted 

Parent, Child, and Church.— By Charles Clark Smith. 
Published by Methodist Book Concern. New York, at 
seventy-five cents per copy, postpaid. May be ordered 
from the publishers or Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 

The proper training of the child is a subject so far- 
reaching and important as to challenge the most exhaus- 
tive thought and effort of parent as well as church work- 
er. The author of this little volume aims to lay down 
principles and methods that, if followed, will tend to a 
more intelligent grasp of the situation, and hence to more 
favorable results in child-training. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 


General Sunday School Board. — H. K. Ober, Chairman, 
nizabethtown, Pa.; S. S. Bio man, North Man- 

executive Committee: J. E. Miller, Lafayette Steele, ' Levi 
Educational Board. — D. W. Kurtz, President, McPherson, 
, Elgin, 111.; J. s'. Flory, Brld'ge- 
le. — P. J. Blouph, Chairman, Hoovere- 

Kuri/. Mllli-r, Chairman, 6S4 Forty- 
■T. T. ; D. Hays, Treasurer, Broadway, 

We met in council Dec. 4, with Bro. Samuel Cram- 
packer as moderator. Preparations are now being made 
for the work of the coming year. The following church 
officers were elected: Clerk-. C. W. Kinzic; church treas- 
urer, R, G. Layman; mission treasurer, W, R. Layman: 
correspondent, Mrs. E. L. Showalter. The following offi- 
cers were elected by the Cloverdale division of the Bote- 
tourt Memorial Missionary Circle: President, Fred Hove: 
secretary, Mrs. \V. K. Murray; treasurer, Lowell Layman. 
Tin- Suml.-iy-M'ln.ol is enl1iusi;ist ically engaged in pr*-(>:n.i 

Tract Examining- Committee. — Jamea M. 
Annual Meeting Railway Committee.— P. 

Meeting Treasurer. — J. 



The Sunday-school Meeting of Southern Missouri and 

Northwestern Arkansas will be held Jan. 23, 1916, in the 

Peace Valley church. 


We met in council Dec. 9. Our elder, Bro. D. F. Landis, 
presided. Five letters were granted. All church officers 
were elected. Bro. D. F. Landis is our elder for another 
year. Our Sunday-school officers were chosen, with Lora 
Marsh as superintendent. Temperance and Missionary 
Committees were also chosen. The Sunday-school de- 
cided to start a home department and cradle roll. Sister 
Keltner was chosen as superintendent of the home de- 
partment, and Sister Bertha Kauffman for the cradle roll. 
Bro. Deardorff, of Surrey, was present, and helped in the 
installation of Bro. O. A. Myers and wife to the eldership. 
Sister Etta Myers is Messenger agent and church cor- 
respondent for 1916. The children are busy preparing a 
Christmas program for Dec. 26. We have had some in- 
teresting Sisters' Aid Society meetings. A Christmas 
box has been prepared for Minot Mission. We are hav- 
ing fine weather and but little snow. We had not, as yet, 
reported our Thanksgiving Day meeting. The collection 
was over $24. Lora Marsh. 

Witliston, N. Dak., Dec. 10. 


We met in council Dec. 5. with Eld. W. M. Stutsman, 
of Elgin, Ariz., presiding. He was reelected as our elder. 
Bro. J. D. Buckwalter was elected church clerk. Sister 
Ruckwalter was elected as treasurer. The writer was re- 
elected church correspondent. Bro. Stutsman came on 
Friday. Dec. 3. though not really able to leave his home. 
He had la grippe and was almost bedfast most of the 
week. Endeavoring to secure Eld. Chas. Gillette in his 
stead, he went to Benson, but was met by a daughter of 
Bro. Gillette at the depot, who informed him that her 
father was clown with la grippe. (This disease has assumed 
a very hard, serious form this winter here.) 

We met in an all-day service on Sunday, Dec. 5. At 
10 A. M. we had our union Sunday-school. At 11 A. M. T 
services were conducted b> R .-. Platts, the M. E. min- 
ister. Bro. Stutsman preached in the evening. On ac- 
count of inclement weather, rain, and almost snow, the 
people did not turn out as well as usual, but those that 
were there enjoyed the all-da> exercises. We pray God's 
blessings on both the work and the workers at this place, 
and trust that ere long we may be able to have a more 
centrally-located house of worship. Anyone wishing to 
make a change of climate, and to help in the work for 
the Master, will please write us. Mrs. O. S. Pratt. 

Pearce, Arizona, Dec. 9. 

. I I:' 

lday-sehool \ 



the Christian fellowship of all other visitors. May t£ 
Master's blessing rest upon us atl, as his children 
\.i offering of $11 was given at the morning s 
which was placed with that, raised by the other churchei 
of the town in a union service, to be applied to the need**" 
of the suffering ponr of the community. The town andj 
community being in the midst of an epidemic of typhoid': 
fever, one hundred or more cases,— the churches unitedly*. 
de< ided i" offer assistam e to the needy, p 

The membership, in a special manner, wishes to e*g> 
press its appreciation to Bro. Crosswhite, for the kind* 
and foving service and direction during this season of' 
worship, Florence Fogelsanger. ■ 

Shippensburg, Pa., Dec. 10. 

evival at Forest Chapel, near Cloverdale, during the past 
wo weeks. Thirteen accepted Christ, and seven have »!- 
eady been baptized, This makes fifty-three that have 
icen received into our church by baptism since Novem- 
ber. 1914. Sara K. Dove. 
Cloverdale, Va„ Dec. 11. 


Wermet in council Dec. 11, at 10 A. M., with Eld. W. 
H. Zigler presiding. We were glad to have with us Breth- 
ren H. G. Miller. A. S. Thomas, Newton Miller, Martin 
Sanger, and J. W. Wine. Sister Anna J. Zigler was re- 
appointed as church treasurer. Bro. D. H. Smith was re- 
appointed as rhiireh secretary and Messenger agent, Bro. 
S. L. Huffman was appointed as superintendent of the Elk 
Run Sunday-school, with Bro. D. H, Smith as assistant. 
We decided to have preaching here on Christmas Day, at 11 
A. M., at which time we will take up a free-will offering for 
the benefit of foreign missions. Brethren J. W. Wine and H. 
G. Miller remained with us over Sunday. Bro. Wine 
preached a soul-inspiring sermon for us on Saturday night. 
On Sunday morning, at 11 o'clock, Bro. H. G. Miller, full 
of the missionary spirit, gave us a most interesting talk 
on Home and Foreign Missions. 

Thanksgiving Day services were held at Elk Run church 
at 11 A. M.. at which time Eld. D. C. Zigler gave us an 
excellent sermon. He took his text from Psa. 95, after 
which a free-will offering was taken up, which amounted 
to $11.91. Carrie V. Huffcr. 

R. D. 6, Staunton. Va.. Dee. 13. 


Since the last report from this church, our series of 
meetings and a love feast have been held. The interest 
and attendance were better than expected at that time of 
the year, both by our own members and those from ad- 
joining congregations. The quarterly council was held 
Dec. 11, with Eld. F. F. Sherfy presiding. All officers for 
the coming year were elected. Bro. Enoch Derrick is 
our Sunday-school superintendent, and Sister McNitt is 
our Messenger agent. 

Our young people labor acceptably in Christian Work- 
ers' Meetings. Bro. Clarence Freed is the new president; 
Merritt Sword, vice-president. Teachers for the two pri- 
mary classes arc elected at this meeting. More advanced 
pupils choose the 


We met in council Dec 11. Our elder, Bro. J. L. Mish- 
ler. presided. Officers were chosen for the year as fol- 
lows: Uro J. L, Mishlcr. elder; D. Bollinger, writing 
clerk; Thomas Nihart, reading clerk; the writer, corre- 
spondent; Jasper Sherck, chorister. Sunday-school offi- 
cers are, Ell Schxock, superintendent; Addie Christler, sec- 
retary; Leta Leer, chorister; Mary Schcrck, librarian. 
Christian Workers' officers arc, Mary Leer, president; 
Gladys Miller, secretary; Mildred Welhaum, chorister. , 
Brethren Ira Leer and Will Bowman were chosen as dea- 
cons, and, with their wives, duly installed. Elders Isaac 
Bcrky and John Weaver conducted tile installation. 

Our series of meetings is fast approaching. Dec. 18, 
Bro. Clem Kindy. of Batavia, III, will be with us. We are 
preparing for a spiritual meeting. On Christmas evening 
we have our Christmas exercises, Dec. 26 we have our 
joinl Christian Workers' and Sunday-school Meeting, — 
an all-day service, Our young people rendered an excel- 
lent temperance program. Our church and Sunday-school 
work is progressing nicely. Orpha Mishlcr. 

Mirldlebnry, Ind., Dec. 11. 

We held a feast at both the Ilolsinger and the Wood- 
bury houses. Both were largely attended Fid. D. A. 
Stayer officiated at the former, and Fid. Cm S Straus- 
bangh. of Ohio, at the latter place The order was com- 
mendable, Ml enjoyed the service, Fid, Jas. D. Brum- 
baugh preached at the former place the next day. Fid. 
\V F. Spidlc, of Quaftertown, Pa., began a series of 
meetings at the Curryviile house Oct. 24, and closed Nov. 
9. TTe made strong appeals to the unsaved and a 




to ha 



lee. 26, during the Christian Workers' hour. 
present plans, there will be preaching serv- 

eveningS. Isolated members may come on any Sunday to 
help and to he helped. 

The Tuesday evening prayer meeting is to be held in 
the various homes during the cold weather. 

R. D. 1, Box 32, Abilene, Kans. Effie Strohm Sherfy. 

Eld. A. G. Crosswhite. of Roaring Spring, Pa., spent the 
Thanksgiving season with the members and friends of the 
Shippensburg church, preaching three sermons, — Wednes- 
day evening. Thursday morning, and Friday evening,— 
which were much appreciated by all who heard them. The 
love feast was held at six o'clock, on Thursday evening, 
t'pon this occasion, Bro. Crosswhite officiated. conduct- 
Almost perfect quiet prevailed, and seated about the 
tables were those ranging in ages from ten to seventy 
years and more. — grandparents and grandchildren. — the 
children and younger women being attired in white. A 
Christian gentleman of another persuasion, who witnessed 
the communion service from the gallery of the church. 
pronounced it one of the most beautiful scenes he had ever 
enjoyed.— a heavenly vision, excelling, in real enjoyment 
and pleasure, anything to be offered by worldly places of 

Of all the great dramas in the history of literature. T 
think none has been more beautifully and simply arranged 
than this drama of our church service, especially when the 
spirits of the participants are in harmony with the spirit 
of the Author, and when his Spirit is allowed to direct. 
Certainly no other drama was ever so significant, so vital, 

Bro. Brindle, of Southern Pennsylvania, was present at 
the morning Thanksgiving service, and Bro. F. F. Hol- 
sopple. of Harrisburg. was with us in the evening. We 
appreciate the 

; of these yfcjting brethren and alsi 

Geo. S. Strausbaugh, of Ohio, began a series of meet- 
ings at the Snyder house Nov. 14. and closed Nov. 28. 

The above meetings were not so largely attended, owing 
lo other meetings all around at the same time. We had 
expected Fid. T. T. Myers, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin 
a ten days' Bible Study and evangelistic effort Dec. 3, 
hut because of the sickness of Eld. Myers, the work was 
postponed indefinitely. We hope our dear brother will 
soon he restored to bis usual health. We expect to have 
our meetings then. J. C. Stayer. 

Woodbury. Pa., Dec. 7. 


The 1916 Bible Institute of Flizabcthtown College opens 
Ian. 12. and continues ten days The Graduating Exer- 
cises of ;i class in teacher-training will he held in the 
Church of the Brethren in EHzabethtown, on the evening 
preceding Eld. W, M Howe, of Meversdale, Pa., will ad- 
,1ns, the graduates on (be subject, "The Word of Life." 

The teachers for this short period of specinl Bible study 
will be Fid. W. M. Howe, Fhler H. K. Ober. Prof. R. W. 
Schlosscr. and a few of the members of the regular fac- 
ulty of the College. Fid. Howe will teach two periods 
daily, giving instructions in the Book of Job. and the 
Book of Revelation, and he will also preach evangelistic 
sermons each evening. The sermon will be preceded by 
song service, mndueted by Miss M. Gertrude Hess, di- 
rector of vocal music. 

The subject of Sunday-school Pedagogy will be in 
charge of Prof. H. K. Ober. Prof. R. W. Schlosser. who 
has spent the past three months in Bihle study at Bethany 
Bible School, Chicago, Til., will teach two periods daily 
During one period be will give instruction in the Bonk of 
Hebrews, and during the other period the subject of " Ri- 
Ide Ordinances" will be presented. 

There will be two special programs rendered, the first 
f which is the Educational Program on Saturday. Jan. 
15, n! 2 P. M, Bro. S. G. Meyer, an alumnus of the school. 
will give ,-in oration, entitled "The Greatest School." 
Rev. Robert MacGown. pnslor of lb,- First Presbyterian 
Church at Lancaster, who was horn and educated in Scot- 
land, will be tbe chief speaker, using as his subject. "The 
Purpose of Higher Education." 

The Temperance League of the College will have charge 
Of the second special program, on Sunday. Jan. 16", at 
Hi 30 V M.. The Committee is endeavoring to secure 
Dr. J. I. L. Iscnherg to speak at this time. 

Any one interested, will please write for the Elizabeth- 
inwn College Bulletin. December issue, for further infor- 

D. C. Reber. 

Dec 17. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

The Cuba of Today. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

,eri-"liffercrit shelter to a large family and is fairly 
ma>hared by lean pigs, and a few scrawny chickens. 
pelTEtere is nothing deserving the name of furniture in 
be the house and the clothing is of the scantiest," As in 
thilndia, many of the children arc clothesless. The warm 
W e limatc makes dressing for warmth quite unnecessary, 
bod Bro. Mahan kindly took us to visit several Cuban 
families with whom he is well acquainted. The 
phlraveler who spends lime in Havana and Santiago 
caand other large cities of the Island learns hut little 
B of the inner life of the Cubans. Near Bro. Mahan's 
01 home lives the large family of Familo Mendoza. The 
p mother's maiden name is Valero, and the children take 
. her name. A son living near the old home is known 
s as Miguel Valero. In some cases the children take 
c the name of both the father and mother. Mrs. Valero 
< says she has eighteen children,— one dead and four 
t married. The thirteen, with father and mother, are 
I all living in the humble home. She is forty-eight and 
1 the father fifty years old. The children have pleasant 
faces and some of them are really handsome. None 
of them go to school. If educated, they might he- 
come fine types of the Cuban race. They live in a 
large shack, open in part at both sides, covered with 
I thatching made of palm leaves. A large sleeping- 
the sides and end. A frail par- 

i boarded 1 

eparates it from the open sitttng-i 


are no windows in the house. The boards protecting 
the sleeping-room arc not closely fitted, and there is 
space enough to admit fresh air and light. Elaborate 
furniture is not a necessity of simple Cuban life. Two 
old, well-worn chairs in the open room were offered 
us and these were all the seating we saw. In the bed- 
room was a makeshift of a bedstead and two primi- 
tive cots. The entire family, fifteen in number, sleep 
in the one room. In the open sitting-room, the chick-" 
ens and lean pigs were in evidence. At one side of the 
hut is an open shed, thatched, which is used as a 
kitchen. The fire is built on the ground, in the center 
of the shed, where the cooking is done. They do not 
have as good cooking arrangements as the natives of 
India enjoy. The son. Miguel, insisted that we 
should have a cup of coffee before leaving, and we 
had our first taste of real Cuban coffee. We were 
treated cordially and kindly by these humble people. 
Inquiring as to their religious conditions, the son 
said they did not belong to any church. The mother 
thought they were Roman Catholics, but they never 
attended meetings. The priest comes to baptize the 
children and to perform marriage ceremonies. A 
two-dollar fee is charged for each child unless it is 
taken to the priest, in which case the fee is one dollar. 
Marriage fees are higher, running up to forty dollars 
if the people are able to pay, — less than this if they are 
unable. Numbers of the poor mutually agree to live 
together as husband and wife and do not pay for a 
priestly ceremony. They marry early in life, and it is 
said that the Cuban makes a good father. The wom- 
en are true to their marriage vows and virtuous, but 
we are informed that the men are not so faithful and 





1 wholly right that he < 
wholly wrong. 

i.l Hirl 


be understood that the home here described 
is that of one of the poorer families of the natives. We 
visited several of those who were well to do. One 
of these was also occupied by a large family. They 
had also eighteen children, five were dead and thirteen 
living. The children go to school, and also attend 
Sunday-school. The Government pays the teacher 
$360 for nine months' teaching, — this to the American 
teacher. They pay the Cuban teacher more, — about 
fifty a month. They are anxious to have all such 
work done by Cubans. Bro. Mahan is president of 
the board of school trustees. He has been trying to 
get a member of our church as a teacher here, but 
did not succeed. Had his plea been heard, the Cuban 
children would have been in our Sunday-school. We 
had it in mind to say more about the religious condi- 
tions of Cuba in this letter, but it has grown too long, 
if given at all, must be deferred until the next 

d been previously called to the dea 
1 wife, duly Install"-.-!- 0*MT rnvl,Y»l 1 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 


Clovi..— Wo receive,! much lu«nlratlo 
arefully into tlie neeOs 

' c?''i' .'■■'"IVi V' 1 ' 1 '. '!'" '"''' Kl "l ,ll,k ' 1 ' 1 - l " 1 '" rteeKlily eiul MiikIi I'lopinTi, (In ' 

MH..-I mlen.lrnt Itlethr.u ilrnm-, Km i iek. .] [,' Sh.nM. I " ' h ' ', ' . . ' ' ^ 1 . - ! - 1 1 . j-T . ■ 1 . leln, jc! > l> I Hiifli i'I,,,,,,,.,, (> n 

Frank Hufrmnn were elede.l ns our finance committee. We '{'.''! .'* ■ ,ki„ ■',',! "i" i'' ', . T ■ i" ''''" "'' ""' " hlp wns rece,ve ' 1 'tad one applicant wn ' 



int. ivslilie 


N. I 



M E B 

ants. Officers 

r Surah Mlnnlch, 


Big crook church 


o Edgecomh, Mobs 

hool Hiiperinten.len 


Ibn. Eilgecomb, vice 

>™iaS ffrSa 

i location.— Nellie H. K'lii/i.-. Hlpley. cikl.-.., He 

Covington. — In i 


KallsueU Bro. S. P 


K.illsj.eil. He 1: re.l 

"other'/ m£a 

tr1lt'e?pe°n».'." 1 We"e 

at Sia'to DIstri 

everumr. Pee. 13, we 

met in council 

;ern was greatly eneournger].- 

; Oelllg-, 
Couoatc-fra chi 



Our\oimg Eton's "iVssh^ve'orpalirw'.'l niVenthn s hist i'.'." will.-- May with us until Her.J!!, '"'^o" : \™l l * " ^ z V,"in 1 ",inV"'l" - CREWE, VIRGINIA. 

awake tea ''^^'l^ ^:\^ f ^^ ^ !'•'", u^ K: 's,^'°'lZ^ ?n. stnil-th'...— xi/.'ry' H.'^nhier* ii .p. i'. .wm'iu.-. "Mo, iv<- jo, Nov 22 Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Troutville, Va., came to 

ai r our sriH!"ihnV t - , ('\m l, s.-.nmhM n *! I'i'r' ' A,ln\.!y'\ i fn- i'- M.°en Mro.* JessT s! - Mill. 1 .-, s'm.ia v-s.-ho,,'! ■' y r%i : -. i .-.. i: members living near the Indian Oaks chape). Itro. Hyl- 

noon. Tiiero wns not =» v,r- i:i_rc- mi.-m.i. on ;y,-«mi^..r j:,». Kin., i ' ^"^j 1 ^! ^'l^','*'"!,., ."■,, , ! ,",',' 'of' s i'-'- r A^" r "\ 'm S f-*o-' - '("'-* lon preached twelve sermons and Bro. J. M. Kagey. of 

• ' ^'"ivi ,,' r ^^ T 'i!'i!i' 'i 'i-iV-^ ' "mmmm- ' m!'^ ^i i. 'i .' '- ] M "-.' .ii m'hY i"r!»!. C 'i-.. :i "| , , l, N l .u.'Vr u'/is' 'f:ivr.r"i I-/.. (To, "i ■., i (,-r..j,i rif.-. Dayton, preached five sermons. We held a love feast 

prea.-h l iir''tnV r'n'ion rii'urHi -n Siin-i.i\ movninj; of -a. i. ino. w'ni. f;m -. of ().■■ fount y i,in.- .-I. iin-ii. /■ r, ;";^'-"j p ' ,vo Dec. 2,— the first love feast ever held in this part of the 

trip hero.— E.h.a .Mi ni.i. R.n-on, ?w-t,r.._ ppr. l'«. .^^^ ^n"'"^, ^,'""'^-[ "!'■■ w!- r ." 'iii'Vhai t e' !>T Khl'.^ *'n»u<-\ \>,,i '.-,'. Lord's vineyard. 

sunnK^nt^-w^V.'r'.'h'.i'nh. Snu' iVe-" 'hn'<.l.' .', mi fhrisllau Work- of "the Sugar' Creek Hmr.-I,. Mi- IJ.n i ■ l-nr.-l, 1... - r,.„ih „ Thanksgiving Day WC observed the day with sen- 

prs wen- cloi'teti. Bro. I. J. was ctiow.-'ti f-Mer toi iiio lost iwo of i,.t "hifsi t.n-t I. n " n J 11 .^ '''j'.'^J'j" ,,'' "; ^'i";^ ^,',7,' ices at the chapel. Many members of other denomina- 

comlnp >-ear: v.vy \\ ii i ^- ^^^'^^^^^"^-^^ ^'^-' "[\' !■!.'. n",l' rii.'v liL^ ' whitir'"'!.^! i"i'ui iirnir '.I" .-.■!(■ ii i..!i,...i'. [^ion imv lions were with lis, and all were given the opportunity 

Nov. tfi aiiout" f-i'k'iit.-i-ri of os <ook mir tiinnrr, ami w.-nt nine was oi.servi-t! in our itiiir.-ii will, the r-s'iit of mi.- ,,..■.■ ^...,, ^ tdling what they were especially thankful for. Many 

miles to the resiuVn.'.. of ^'' n, , h ''"',' '','."'! i^',*'' ', , !v w,. mH^Tt ^il-ifio''nii."iii]nVt,v ihk all 111^ mor",. wlli'i.f r c 'i-(i"*.i responded, and all were much pleased with the service. 

| U |!.'-' ,| .''hi?ivli ' Vn ' ' < 1 1 . ' i'v.'-uinu- " I'.ro TaV/.-r pr-.T'h«-l to n-. t>y lett-r in tli.- near future.— Sister Elizabeth V. Bowers. 321 Some said it was the first opportunity that had been giv- 

afte-r whl-'li an oppfirtnnity was K ivni fur rxpre^siiii,' what i Tosprf r .Wnnuc l.l r ^' (| ^' '".^ 'i'^',',,^ ' (ir()Kram was remi^rei '" them in six years, to express their feelings, in regard to 

Tug wt r 8l 1 % r ru!. , u , V:,M 1 'raw''i- f l'v pi^JilMn^hlni' wlth'ft Root- l.y tl.e a el,'imre n n of"oiTr rommnnlty on Sun.lay ev.-nlng. P*.-. their Christian life. 

lv sappU-'of l-n-"'rl,^, 'I'l.f Xlon.lay followln,:, Rro. W. W. 1 it. One appll.ant. .Jr-sfrluR In live for ('lirlst. was ,,.,■. -iv.-l n atten{ |ance at these meetings was not large, hut 

Bloueh began a sa-n.-s of meeting. II- as some very by baptism Dee. 21. On Sunday, Pee. 26, we will or*anl« 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 


..[ order prevailed. The Brethren proclaimed 
fell with power and force. Much good was done. 
Hro. Hylton left the meetings with Bro. Kagey 
*™hdiffit to the Bethel church, seven miles east, where 
m;ik,| lirei a few members. He preached there until Dec. 8. 
,„.,;,.,' ', with several others, came back. The members 
■ . T' llK home ot'hro. J. T. Miller, where we were or- 
I"C ll j|lto a m i ss ;on congregation with twenty-two 

we [, ma< the Brethren, with Sister Mattie Long, returned 
hod). B r ,ace near Bethel, and baptized the husband of a 
1. -, sister. Thus the prayers of this dear sister ami 
..' K -.vere answered. The song service was ably con- 
P»a»rave by sj stcr Mattie Long. Bro.- Kagey officiated 
""and love feast. Brother and Sister Jagcl, of Chase City, 
Br f tJIso with us at our love feast. 

ou honf-' is « rlai » lv 8 rca ' ,ieed of a str0m f missionarv 
nr , in this section of the country, as we have no con- 
1 m0t ;ion of Brethren for many miles from us. Brethren, 
"'' ' ier ior us. While you are thus engaged, you may feel 
S P as loing some home mission work. If so, just send sev- 
en theropies of the Gospel Messenger to names we will fnr- 
C( S;IV We know from our experience at Fruitdale, Ala.. 
,|, ;he Gospel Messenger is a great medium for mission 

ma , and a great deal of mission work can be done by 
a " ng it in homes where we have no members. At the 
111 till of our organization we had the following officials 
1» fjng here: F. M. White, minister in second degree; 
i (( - Wenger, deacon, and assistant superintendent in our 
, eh Sunday-school; W. S. Miller, deacon and chorister 

' ' a 'he following officers were elected: Florence O. 
' ' tliite, correspondent and Messenger agent; W. S. Mil- 
r. clerk; W. A. Rux, treasurer. We elected the follow- 
.. for Christian Workers' Meeting: Mary M. Miller, 
sident; Ada S. Wenger, vice-president; Lcssic Cook, 
Vl-dary and treasurer. Florence O. White. 

tCrcwe, Va., Dec. 13. 

'We had the pleasure of having Bro. Wieand, of Bethany 
ible School, visit us in our Italian Mission, while he was 
t arc attending the New York Missionary Conference. 

Our Sunday-school is on the increase each Sunday. 
. "his is very natural, as Christmas is no* far away. The 
l al test will be the first Sunday after the treat. Some 
e our friends have made it possible for us to make not 
I hly our Italian children happy over Christmas, but they 
1 jjve, very graciously, remembered Bro. Frank Panasci 
a id family. Bro. Frank is beginning his twentieth month 
-poii his back in bed. He has improved in Hesh, since it is 
' possible through the aid of those who are interested in 
his case, to give him proper care and food. The doc- 
tor is now stretching the muscles, by a ten pound weight 
.pulling at the ankle of his right foot His left limb has 
,? so greatly improved that he can exercise it as normally 
as when in health. This makes him as happy as a child. 
Just a month ago, his doctor said that Frank had but 
thirty days, at the longest, to live, but he is still here and 
looks better than he has for any time during the past year. 
He believes that God is hearing the prayers that are go- 
ing up for him all over the Brotherhood. Before 1 left 
his bedside today he said: " Brother Miller, keep on in 
earnest pnyer for me." 

Our preaching service is the best service at our mis- 
sion, as here the people come for real worship and edifica- 
tion. Our midweek prayer meeting has reached an attend- 
ance far beyond our expectations. One Italian mother 
told us last Wednesday evening that this was the first 
Bible chapter she ever heard explained to her. We are 
studying the Gospel of John and she and her family say 
they do not want to miss one lesson. 

Some of our Baptist friends, who are greatly interested 
in our Italian mission, have offered to give $10 to the 
new church, for every $1 that ihc Italian children bring in. 
The challenge is a wholesome one. We fondly hope that 
some of the readers of these notes will also contribute 
freely, during Christmas week, while the people's minds 
are refreshed by the spirit of giving. "Thanks be to God 
lor his unspeakable Gift." J. Kurtz Miller. 

664 Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, N T . Y. 

We arrived in our new field of labor Nov. 15. For more 
than a year we had planned on locating here. Anxious 
hearts waited for our coming. We think this a goodly ter- 
ritory for our people, with good schools and no saloons. 
The dear brethren at Rocky .Ford had been holding scrv- 

why this field was not worked more thoroughly hereto- 
fore, since other denominations have built up good congre- 
gations. There arc now ten members living close to our 
place of worship. There may be others not so far away, 
but we have not been able to locate them. If any of the 
brethren, having friends living near Ordway, would in- 
form us as to their names, we would be glad to be of 
some service to them, thereby helping to build up the 
kingdom in these parts. 

The members and friends have awakened an interest 
in Sunday-school, having organized a union Sunday- 
school. For some time past, their attendance averaged 

forty. Our services are held in our District sihoollmus.'. 
two miles from Ordway, the county seat of Crowley 

After the holidays we expect to make use of our new, 
commodious, $8,000 fire-proof schoolhouse, with two sto- 
ries and a basement. The school board, — two being 
Christians, one a deacon brother, — is planning for a high 
school in the near future. The two rooms in the upper 
story arc arranged with folding doors, thereby making it 
a fine assembly hall to hold services. An appropriate 
program is being arranged for the dedication. A Christ- 
mas program is also being prepared. 

An encouraging feature of the community is that people 
are anxious for preaching and Sunday-school, and are 
willing to do what they can to hold up the banner of 
King Emmanuel. We are planning to hold a series of 
meetings this winter. 

Yesterday, Dec. 12, the angel of death entered the home 
of four of our Sunday-school scholars, taking therefrom 
the mother of the home, so much needed. Last summer 
two daughters of this home expressed a desire to unite 
with the Brethren church, but as we had no regular 
services at that time and no minister, they chose another 
church home. 

Brethren desiring to change climate, and to locate at a 
place where they can do some service for their King, 
would do well to investigate this needy field, 

Those passing through, on the main line of the Missouri 
Pacific R. R., will find it easy to stop here. They will be 
given a hearty welcome. Andrew G. Miller. 

R. D. 1, Ordway, Colo., Dec. IS. 

On Saturday evening, Dec. 12, 

Eld. D. G. Berkebile in charge. Bro. Berkebile 
elder for this year and his presence and good adi 
were appreciated. The attendance was not so very large, 
but some of our members are rather aged, and we can not 
expect them to get out much at night. 

Mission work in large cities is not an easy task, as can 
be attested to by our pastor, Bro. McKimmey. He is not 
in the best of health just now, and Sister McKimmey has 
been absent for nearly two months, for a needed rest. 
The prayers of God's people are asked in her behalf. 

Two families moved into the city during the summer, 
and more will be welcomed. Any one, desiring to change 
locations, and willing to move where help is needed, will 
do well to consider Toledo. A lot has been purchased 
for a church and we desire to build by next summer. We 
hope to have a strong church here, — one that will be a 
power for good in this city. Brethren, you can help by 
your prayers, and those in this District can help still 
more by giving back to the Lord a part of that which he 
has given into your hands, to help build the much needed 
church. To worship in an old store-room, with very poor 
accommodations, is not conducive to the building up of a 
strong congregation. Having moved to this city our- 
selves, from a large and growing congregation, with all 
conveniences for Sunday-school work, we are made to ap- 
preciate the change all the more. Would to God that we 
could, in some way, cause you, who worship in your well- 
arranged churches, to see the great need of a church build- 
ing here in this wicked city. May you also see the need of 
more consecrated workers! J. W. Fyock. 

515 Howland Avenue, Dec. 17. 

eighth Psalm, and Bro. Gorham leading in prayer. After 
the enrolling of the delegates and election of officers, the 
topics were ably discussed, and heartily responded to in 
general discussion. I was especially impressed with the 
interest taken in the discussion of the " Organized 
Classes," and to know that we now have twelve, or more 
such classes in our Idaho Sunday-schools. From the in- 
terest taken in this subject, I fully believe we will have 
several more by our next meeting. 

After two hours of spiritual feasting, we were invited 
to the basement, where our good Nampa friends shared 
their tables, filled with the good things nature had 
brought them. The afternoon session opened with a 
heart-to-heart meeting, different ones telling of their 
experience in Sunday-school work, followed by a discus- 
sion on variation in opening exercises, and how to im- 
prove our methods of conducting quarterly reviews. 

During the meeting we were favored with special music 
by the young people from the Fruitland church. From 
the splendid interest shown at the meeting I am safe in 
saying that the day was well spent in the house of the 

Our next meeting is to be held at Weiser Idaho. 
Twin Falls, Idaho, Dec. 14. H. Nicholson. 


We met in council Nov. 27, at 1 P. M., with our elder, 
Bro. Benner, presiding. Bro. D. G. Brubaker opened 
the meeting by Scripture reading and prayer. We elected 
our Sunday-school officers for the coming year. Bro. W. 
E. Hoover was elected superintendent; Sister Elsie Hoo- 
ver, secretary; Bro. Jacob Hoover, president of Christian 
Workers' Meeting; Sister Harriet Kaufman, secretary. 

On Thanksgiving evening we met for worship. Bro. 
Jacob Hoover addressed the congregation most appro- 
priately, assisted by Bro. Benner. At the close, a col- 
lection was taken up for the General Mission Board. 

We are now preparing for Christmas exercises, to be 
rendered on Christmas Eve. Bro. D. T. Detwiler, of New 
Enterprise, conducted our series of meetings for us this 
fall. The members and others were richly fed and 
strengthened. At the close of the meetings we held our 
love feast, with a full house. Since our council, Bro. D. 
G. Brubaker and family have left us for Oklahoma. He 
is not permanently located yet, but our loss, which we all 
feel, will be their gain. May the Lord richly bless him 
wherever he is located. F. Pearle Brubaker. 

R. D. 1, Duncansvillc, Pa., Dec. 13. 


—By the underslgnet 

oca,- Lima, Ol.lo.-N. I. Coo.. Beavertam, Ohio. 



We met in council on Tuesday evening, Dec. 7, with 

the pastor presiding. All officers were elected for the 

coming year. Bro. S. M. Goughnour, who has lately 

year. Bro. O. L. Shaw was reelected church trustee for a 
term of three years; also church auditor for one year. Bro. 
K. E. Smith was reelected church clerk, and Bro. H. R. 
Chamberlin, treasurer. Bro. P. S. Brunk was elected for 
three years on the ministerial committee, and reelected 
for three years on the Temperance Committee. Bro. Mor- 
ris F. Robinson was reelected church and Sunday-school 
chorister, and the writer, church correspondent. Brethren 
F. B. Shaw, I. D. Faidley, and the pastor compose the 
Sunday-school cabinet at the church, with Bro. F. B. 
Shaw, superintendent 

At the Logan Mission, Brethren Morris F. Robinson, 
Geo. A. Patterson and the pastor serve as the cabinet 
with Bro. Morris F. Robinson, superintendent. Sister 
Nora M. Robinson was elected president of Christian 
Workers' Meeting, and Sister Naomi Shaw was reelected 
a membcf*bf the program committee. We are preparing 
for a special Christmas program, to be rendered on Christ- 
mas evening. John A. Robinson. 

1453 Lyon Street, Des Moines, Iowa, Dec. 9. 


On Thanksgiving Day. the twelfth annual Idaho State 
Sunday-school Convention of the Church of the Brethren 
convened in the Nampa church. The weather being dis- 
agreeable, caused our attendance in the morning to be 
somewhat limited, but by the noon hour it was very good. 

With Bro. J. E. Shambergcr presiding, the devotional 
exercises were conducted by Bro. S. S. Neher reading the 

Bell, John Henry. 

hurch. His wife, t 

i Michigan In : 

four i!:ui{rhters. Five 
rch of the Bret hue n 


delighted In being 

loyd, .!.-. 

o^'Xlv*! Cofo 

iss of thirty minutes, with 

liOIllP «f Ills il.uiRiiti 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

Well Lined Book Shelves Are a 
Source of Comfort 

Watch our advertisements and increase your library from time to time. Before we adver- 
tise any book it must first be approved by a committee of the Church of the Brethren. Why 
not take advantage of this safeguard? We are continually on the lookout for the r 
best books for YOU. Watch for the announcements from week to week. Here 
suggestions to go on : 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1916. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS. £ y JS.J' 1 ** « 

will. Brethren Edga: 

Meeting of Committee. 

The Mission Board Meeting, 

New Tear's Day (Poem). By B. F. M. 

A 1916 Vision. By J. Hurts Miller * tertainment was given o 

Change. By J. G. Meyer 2 fiiieO house. — Ella Kelly 

Redeeming the Time By Ezra Flory, 2 ShomoHn. — Since our 

New Year Reflections. By Ira J. Lapp 3 ers has again enjoyed a feast of good things. 

The New 1: ear. By Leander Smith, .1 held our love feast. The v' '"' 

Why John Wrote. By J. H. Moore, .'I elder, Bro. E. M. Winger, 

Notes from i'lng Ting 1-1 I. .>, Shrnisl. China. By Anna Hem. Mjv-rstnwn. Pa.; an. I Bro John Mye 

V. Blough 3 We also had the Pleasure of havlna with i 

The Meyersdale, Pa,, Revival. By W. M. Howe I Zloglei 

Vyara Notes. By I. S. Long 4 

Ziegler an. 
■!-S Spruce Sireel 


—J. F. Souders >. charge. 

rurally,— tnroe ot ° ur Sunday-scl 

The Gospel Messenger 


Elgin, III., January 8, 1916. 


Efficiency As an Asset of Value. 
It is claimed that the foremost industrial establishments 
of our land ascribe their remarkable business success to 
the fact that " efficiency " has been brought to the highest 
degree of perfection. Operating processes are subjected 
to the closest scrutiny, and the worker himself is given 
special attention as to methods of doing his task most 
thoroughly and expeditiously, That is efficiency at its 
best, and it lias shown its value by a largely increased 
output in the shortest possible period- To him who 
would achieve the highest degree of efficiency in the spir- 
itual realm, the lesson to be deduced is obvious. A 
thorough study of the field, the worker, and the best 
methods, will lead to the degree of efficiency insuring the 

A Commendable Example. 
Our country has all too few Governors of the kind re- 
cently elected by the State of Kentucky, — A. O. Stanley. 
In assuming the duties of his exalted position, he made a 
public promise that during his term of office not one drop 
of intoxicating liquor shall be admitted to the Executive 
Mansion. Moreover he proposes that no public func- 
tions, — no matter how pronounced may be the preferences 
of his guests, — shall ever be characterized by the use of 
strong drink. He has also decided that, as Governor of 
Kentucky, he will not attempt to do business with any 
one who is under the influence of liquor. He urges that 
the State demands the very best service he is able to ren- 
der, and that this can not be given if he, or others, should 
attempt to transact the State's business while under the 
•sway of strong drink. 

No Immediate Prospects for Peace. 
A careful survey of the situation, so far as now ob- 
servable in the belligerent countries, does not seem to 
indicate that either side in the great struggle is ready to 
make peace. Apparently both sides are ready to con- 
tinue hostilities for an indefinite period, which means 
still further bloodshed and loss of life. At this writing, 
forenoon of Jan. 4, no developments of special significance 
are reported from the eastern and western battle fronts. 
The Allies, strongly entrenched at Saloniki, are expecting 
an early attack by the Central Powers, and such an en- 
counter, it is thought, may be a decisive factor of the war. 
Recent movements of Turkish troops towards the Suez 
"Canal, are likely- to lead to new complications. The 
British may be depended upon to defend the important 
waterway to the best of their ability. ' 

Poisoned Literature. 
Universal condemnation is visited upon him who would 
maliciously poison the food or water supply of a com- 
munity. Strange to say, however, but few take cogni- 
zance of the equally pernicious attempts to corrupt the lit- 
erature of our land, thus endangering the soul-life and 
health of thousands. It is an admitted fact that certain 
magazines are not fit to be read in the home, or anywhere 
else, for that matter. A close student of the situation de- 
clares: "These cesspools of corruption are multiplying 
like a plague of frogs, and they are none the less danger- 
ous because the nastiest things are said in polite 
language." It is to be regretted that in many Christian 
homes maga/.ines and books of decidedly corruptive ten- 





The Christian's Weapons Not Carnal. 
It is distinctly gratifying that others,— outside of the 
ranks of the nonresistant churches,— arc venturing to 
voice their disapproval of the military frenzy now sweep- 
ing our own beloved country. Believing that Christ's 
message to his people is ever one of love, peace and good 
will to all men, the Churoh Peace Union, at its annual 
meeting, Dec. 14, adopted resolutions to this effect: 
"That, as present world conditions have confused men 
everywhere in their notions, and bewildered them in 
their judgments, and that, as it is the duty of all God- 
fearing men to increase the stock of good will in the world, 
and that, as it is the duty of the United States to mold a 
nobler world policy than that now existing, therefore 
all pastors and teachers, and other religious leaders 
should concentrate their strength on fostering interna- 
tional good will and divine ideals of human brotherhood. 
The American people are appealed to, to withstand the 

i the 

: prepared to meet the crucial situation which is bc- 
us." It seems to us that the present is a most op- 
ine time to enter upon a united effort as above out- 
The lime to speak is now, ere the advocates of in- 

The Five Thousand Who Disappear. 

Police authorities of our Urge cities assure us that 

.practically live thousand girls disappear from the homes 

of our land each year, never to he heard from again l>> 

tfie loved ones at the old lireside. 'The many inquiries 

cities, testify to the fact that many homes are being de- 
spoiled of their choicest treasures by the wiles of the se- 
ducer. In some of the instances, prompt action succeeds in 
locating the wanderers, and bringing tliein hack again 
to the home fold. . In the case of many others, however, 
there is no clue whatever. Recent investigations of the 
causes, contributory to the most lamentable showing, re- 
ferred to above, reveal some things well worth our serious 
consideration, Lack of proper parental care and watch- 
fulness often allows the tempter to gain ready control, 
and an opportunity to carry out his plans of deception 


The National Employment Bureau. 
This institution, operated under the auspices of the 
Department of Labor, receives applications for employ- 
ment from any individual in the United States. Then, 
too, it is ready to supply help for employers. To this 
end employment blanks have been forwarded to every 
postmaster, and to every field agent of the Department of 
Agriculture. These blanks may be had upon request. 
Employers and employes are thus brought in close touch, 
to their mutual advantage, by this "clearing-house" of 
the labor market. As a means of relieving the congestion 
of the cities, and providing the country districts and 
other large employers of labor with the desired help, 
the Bureau should prove of considerable value to the 
entire country. The highest stage of prosperity, enjoyed 
by any country, is reached when there is work for all, and 
when every citizen does his allotted part in maintaining 
the general welfare of the nation*. 

" Come-to-Church " Movements. 
All of our readers are familiar with the various attempts 
to concentrate the interest of an entire community upon 
a certain, previously-designated " Come-to-Church Sun- 
day." A writer in one of our exchanges advises that a 
step farther be taken than just the one Sunday, lie 
urges that merely one Sunday of phenomenally large at- 
tendance does not give the stranger a fair idea of the real 
benefit to be gained, and so he proposes that at least a 
month of " Come-to-Church " activities be arranged for. 
He urges that such a campaign, faithfully carried on by 
the membership, would prove one of the mightiest en- 
deavors of uplift ever entered into by the membership. 
Quoting from the experience of his own church, the 
writer, above referred to, says that it has remarkably en- 
livened his own membership, and succeeded in causing 
many nonchurch-attending people to come regularly. We 
see no reason why similar campaigns in congregations of 
the Church of the Brethren might not be attended by 
most profitable results. 

When the Orphans Were Cheered. 
At best, the lot of an orphan in a large institution is a 
lonely one, and even the seasons of real joy are tinged 
by the absence of tender home associations. During the 
Christmas season, just passed, a large number of the 
best Chicago homes were opened to the inmates of or- 
phanages, and for a week or more they were given so 
genuine an experience of home love and affection that 
they are not likely to forget it very soon. In many 
cases the brief visit has led to the permanent adoption 
of one or the other of the waifs,— their future thus being 
provided for in a most promising manner. And while 
the orphans have been richly blessed by the loving-kind- 
ness of their gracious entertainers, the chief gain, after 
all, has come to those who took pity upon the lonely 
ones, and shared with them their bounty. In this age of 
callous and mercenary greed, it is all the more needful 
to remember the wants of others, and what better thing 
can wt do than to help one of Christ's little ones.— thus, 
in a very real sense, showing our love for the Master, in 
whose name even the least favor shall not go unrewarded? 
He who helps a child, helps humanity,— with a distinct- 
ness, with an immediateness, which no other help, given 
to humanity at any other period, will yield. 

His Songs Will Endure. 
Dr. William Howard Doane, whose hymns have, per- 
n-il as much, in winning souls, as the work 
nt and eloqueni evangelist, died Dec. 24, 

of the most tl 
at South Oran 
George W. I). 

- of 1 


it I. . 


in the Arms of Jesus," his most successful musical com- 
position, is sung in every civilized country of the world, 
Through the instrumentality of Dr. Doane, Ira I >. Sartkey 
was urged to enter his evangelistic career, and it waa in 
the interest of the Moody and Sankey evangelistic cam- 
paigns that the composer -of (he soul-inspiring hymns did 

l»> i 

-ife : 



-II Me 



The Personal Touch in Giving. 
Long ago it has been realized by social workers in 
general that beneficence, wholly delegated to others. 
loses the rare charm of personal touch, so highly appre- 
ciated by the recipient. Bible precept is clear on this 
matter, and he, whom the Lord has so richly blessed, is 
expected to give personal attention -to any cases of need 
that may fall under his notice. Of course there are cases. 
occasionally, when the personal administration of charily 
funds may not be possible, but, generally speaking, the 
apostolic method may well be followed most advanta- 
geously. 'A noted social worker of New York City, in an 
endeavor to urge a readoption of the personal element in 
giving, has succeeded in impressing more than live thou- 
sand givers with the importance of that plan. Me reports 
that by the personal distribution of charity funds a larger 
number of cases has been reached, and that, ton, in a 
lllOSI effectual manner. 

Persia's Unhappy Plight. 



sia, and the probable dismemberment of this most .in. ml 
land, should Russia and Great Britian succeed in I he car- 
rying out of their plans. It will he remembered thai an 
American— Mr. Shustcu,— came to Persia's assistance, 
several years ago, and succeeded in placing the affairs of 
that country on a sound financial basis. So efficient was 
his cooperation, that Russia and Great Britain united in 
a strong protest against his further endeavors, which, 
as they thought, -seriously threatened llieir design-, of 
dividing the ancient monarchy to suit their own conven- 
ience. British forces, however, in trying to maintain 
their preponderance of power, have met serious reverses, 
of late, by the Turks, and Russia, also, has Turkish op- 
position to meet. Present prospects would seem to in- 
dicate that unhappy Persia,— although insufficient to pre- 
serve her integrity by her own resources.— will fall a 
ready prey to the victors in the fray. The strongest will 
gain the day, and there is none to hinder. One of the 
world's^ oldest realms will be forced into oblivion. 

Prohibition' Gains for the New Year. 
With the ushering in of 1916, State wide prohibition 
has become effective in seven States, and eight million 
people now enjoy the benign influences of a saloonlcss 
community. These are Colorado, Iowa, Washington, Ore- 
gon, Idaho, Arkansas and South Carolina. When Vir- 
ginia closes its saloons on Nov. 1, 1916, nineteen States 
will have joined the dry column. Other States, that will 
vote on prohibition this year, are: Nebraska, California. 
Michigan, South Dakota and Vermont. The Territory of 
Alaska is also expected to fall in line. The most dis- 
astrous defeat of last year, sustained by the saloon ele- 
ment, was that of Colorado. Eleven breweries and six- 
teen hundred dramshops have closed their doors, and the 
convivially-inclined will now be unable to satisfy the 
cravings of a perverted appetite. Only 

of li, 



en only 

irthy of 

upon the prescription of a physician. It 
note that Colorado newspapers will hereafter publish no 
liquor advertisements. In Arkansas 136 saloons have 
gone out of business under the most stringent prohibition 
law ever passed in the United States. The new law pro- 
vides one year in the penitentiary for violators, and all 
clubs are prohibited from serving drinks to their mem- 
bers, — this pha^e being much more restrictive than tike 
regulations in some of the other dry States. Idaho's two 
hundred saloons have closed their doors under a most 
rigorous law. An attack on the enactment is now being 
considered by the United States Supreme Court, but it is 
almost certain that Ihe law will be upheld as passed. The 
cause of righteousness is marching on! 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 


Stmly lo 

(ri^K.ras , «tT., , Hi^ 

l stagnant marsh that lay 
i a reeking scum of green, 
mc puddle by the way; 
rier pool , 

all things pure 

And clean and white those foul depths be."— 
Next day from out that pond obscure 

Two queenly lilies laughed at me. 
I passed a hovel 'round whose door 

The signs of penury were strewn; 
I saw the grimed and littered floor, 

The walls of logs from tree-trunks hewn. 
I said: "The gates of life arc shut 

To those within that wretched pen"; 
But, lo! from out that lowly hut 

Came <inc to rule the world of men. 

—Strickland W. Gillilan, 

Our Relation to Others. 

In Mark 9: 38-40 we have a record of a very in- 
teresting incident, in which it is stated that the apos- 
tle John reported to Jesus that they, — the apostles, — 
had Eound one casting out devils in his name, and that 
they had forbidden him, since he refused to follow 
them. The apostles were on a special mission when 
they ran across a man who, in the name of Jesus, 
was doing the kind of work entrusted to them. 

Nothing is said of the strange teacher. He evident- 
ly knew something about the teachings of the Master, 
and in his rounds may have seen him, and may even 
have heard him preach, and witnessed some of his 
miracles. It is altogether probable that he may have 
been baptized by John the Baptist, or even by the 
disciples, for in that period of the New Testament 
dispensation men and women were baptized by the 
thousands. John baptized thousands from the regions 
round about, and Jesus, through his chosen disciples, 
baptized still more than John had immersed. So it is 
quite reasonable to presume that this self-appointed 
preacher was a baptized believer, and was serving 
Jesus according lo the best light and knowledge that 
he possessed. 

Being a man of some gifts, he, without conferring 
with Jesus or the apostles, began making use of his 
special gifts, and taught what little he knew of the 
Master and his work, and also cast out devils, just 
like the duly-authorized apostles were commissioned 
to do. Not only so, hut he did his work in the name 
of Jesus. In his zeal he simply took upon himself 
the authority to use the name of the Master, not for 
any personal interest, but for the good he could ac- 
COmplish for others. His course may have been ir- 
regular, but his motives were pure, and he gave the 
Master credit for what he was doing. It was a case 
of operating with only scant light. He was doing the 
best he knew at the time, without being disposed to 
put himself to extra trouble for more light. He was 
i work, as well as a work of charity, but 
i of his own, and conducted independ- 
ent of the mission of the twelve or the seventy. 

This was the situation when he was found by some 
of the apostles. These apostles evidently had a talk 
with him, and asked him to go with them, and work 
under their direction. Since they were directly com- 
missioned by Jesus, they felt that they had the author- 
ity to proceed in this manner. He declined to comply 
with their wishes in this particular. Then it was 
that they attempted to use a little of their authority, 
and forbade him casting out any more devils in the 
name of Jesus. What the man then did we are not 
told, but John reported to the Master what they had 
done in the case. 

Jesus, however, did not approve of- their course, 
but said. " Forbid him not: for there is no man which 
shall do a miracle in my name, that can lightly speak 
evil of me. For he that is not against us is on our 
part." The apostles were 
while performing the duties 
not attempt to hinder oth 

to do some good along the same line. They were also 
given to understand that while the strange miracle 
worker was not in possession of as much light as they 
had been favored with, still the influence of the man 
was on the right side. He could not perform a mir- 
acle in the Master's name, and yet, at the same time, 
speak lightly of him. As far as the man was going 
in his work, he was on the right side. He was head- 
ed in the right direction, and needed encouragement 
and instruction rather than rebuke. 

It was not a case of affiliation with a man knowing 
and teaching only a part of the Gospel, nor was it a 
case of the minister of one denomination affiliating 
with another, for at that time 'there were no religious 
denominations, as we now employ the term. There 
was but the one church, and that was the church of 
Christ. The strange teacher in question did not be- 
long to another denomination, nor did he represent 
one. He simply acted, as an individual, on his own 
responsibility. The apostles were not even asked to 
affiliate with him, but were simply to permit him to" 
pursue his course. His work was not proving a hin- 
drance to the mission of the twelve, but was probably 
paving the way for their more perfect work, and 
their more extended teaching. They had been with 
the Master for some years. They had more light and 
more knowledge than that possessed by the stranger, 
and it was their duty to go on about their work, dis- 
pensing light and knowledge, and let him do what 
little good he could. 

And what was the duty of the apostles, in this par- 
ticular, is our duty today. As a people, we are " set 
for the defense of the Gospel." Not a part of it, but 
all of it. That is the excuse for our existence as a 
Christian body. We are here, with the New Testa- 
ment as the rule of our faith and practice, to insist 
on the life the Book demands, and the duties that it 
enjoins. In fact, those first in the reform movement 
we represent, separated themselves from the lifeless - 
formalities of the churches of their day, in order that 
they might restore to the church the order of worship 
and service authorized by the New Testament. 

It should be our high aim to give special emphasis 
to this movement and to insist on a faithful compli- 
ance with the teachings of Jesus and the apostles. 
All about us may be religious and charitable bodies, 
falling short of the high aim we have set for our- 
selves. It is not our business to throw obstacles in 
the way of the good that these bodies may be ac- 
complishing. They may not be doing all that the 
Master demands of them, but they are doing some- 
thing, at least. We are not authorized to forbid them. 
We would be pleased to have them accept the whole 
Gospel and go with us. * But since this is not done. 
it does not mean that we are to change our standard 
in order to affiliate with them, or to become a party 
with them. Our duty demands that we maintain and 
live up to our standard, and that, so far as practicable, 

By thus doing we can serve the purpose &$ our be- 
ing called into action. This calling is a high and a 
responsible one. And while we can not endorse the 
course of those who in their faith and practice ig- 
nore much that the Gospel demands, still we may 
wisely look upon the good they do as paving the way 
for the more extended faithfulness which we have 
taken upon ourselves to insist upon. This does not 
mean denominational affiliation, or even church fed- 
eration, but it does mean a straightforward course 
upon our part, while, at the same time, not attempting 
to hinder or discourage the good that others may be 

Evstis, Fla. 

est and most reliable saints. His " think tank " was 
so large that he himself had never been entirely 
around it. And he seems to have been content to sit 
tamely in its shade. Great and enduring surprise was 
expressed by this sage that any educated person 
should believe this bit of human history. Some of the 
ministers present were surprised that he did" not be- 
lieve it. Well, I wasn't. But it did surprise me a 
little that he came to a Sunday-school Meeting to say 
so. His crowd was out on the street, somewhere. 

Come to think about it, a lot of finely-educated 
folks don't believe that story. 

Celsus, Porphyry, and Julian didn't believe it. 
Hume didn't believe it. Huxley and Voltaire, Darwin 
and Tyndall didn't believe it. I don't think Spencer 
believed it. Tom Paine and IngersoII did hot believe 
it. And a lot of other folks, — mostly atheists and 
fools,— don't believe it (Psa. 14; 1). 

But. back in the path, beaten hard by the travel of 
the wisest and best of the world's workers, you will 
find a host of people, it would be worth a life-time 
to know, who did believe it. 

Savonarola believed it. Francis of Assisi believed 
it. Luther, and a troop of other reformers believed 
it. Alexander Mack believed it. Jesus believed it. 
And I know those who have a very liberal university 
education, and they were not smitten with credivity 
as soon as they came within sight of the grounds and 
great buildings. They believe it. 

I can not see why the ordinary fellow buckles on 
the idea that, because one has a university education, 
it is a " nondestructo," — absolutely unbreakable, — ar- 
gument that he isn't an atheist or a fool. History 
disputes every inch of that line. 

Universities ! Why, there was a time when they 
did not know there was a great Western continent. 
The longest rivers, some of the loftiest mountains, 
the widest valleys, more than fifteen billion square 
miles of land, — land, mind you, — were all unknown 
to these wise ones, and they were within three thou- 
sand miles of this colossal collection, too. Look at 
the towering civilization they have turned out over in 
Europe. What truly sane person would think of 
putting such beginners against the white thought of 
Jesus, the "Ancient of Days," "the holiest among 
the mighty, the mightiest among the holy," who 
could see to the end of human history? And these 
fellows can not look back to the days of the Caesars 
without borrowing some one else's eyes. 

But, then, to go back to the story, they put the 
whale's throat as too small to swallow a man. Well, 
isn'tit rather singular how the great prince of the 
power of the air can get into a man through a nar- 
row-necked bottle, or an ordinary pipe stem? But 
he gets there, just the same. And then, too, when a 
fellow is running away from God, he doesn't have to 
have double barn doors to get through, — he will try 
a key-hole. If some of these wise folks were where 
Jonah was, where they could reach out and touch the 
blubber, they would be mightily concerned as to how 
they were going to get out. The difficulty of getting 
in would be over with. 
Covina, Col. 

The Old and the Nev 

to understand that 
igned them they should 

" Credivity." 

Intellectually the difficulties of unbelief are as 
great as those of belief, while morally the argument 
is wholly on the side of belief.— Dr. Arnold. 

The man who does not believe the story of Jonah 
came to the surface again at a recent Sunday-school 
Convention. He gave as his reason the fine univer- 
sity training he had received, and his superior intel- 

endeavoring lect. He had passed a lot of folks, including the old- 


As the old year draws to a close ami the new year 
approaches, conditions change and world problems 
naturally enter the mind and assert themselves. The 
past is thought over, the future is prospective. No 
one who thinks can be closed to the fact that this is 
a world of changes, and that the present time might 
justly be called " the new age." In and through, and 
overshadowing all, we believe that these changes have 
been, and are, for the better. 

Some fifteen or twenty years ago, the Christian 
church in general, and especially the smaller bodies 
numerically speaking, — the Church of the Brethren 
by no means excepted, — was seized, — indeed, we 
might say. obsessed, — with a spirit of mysticism and 
fanaticism. Everybody felt at liberty to interpret the 
Bible, any book, chapter, paragraph or verse of the 
Book, as he saw fit, according to his own whim or 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 


liking, giving little attention to the historical setting, 
origin or occasion of the writing. 

To my thinking, this was a vital situation, especial- 
ly in its relation to the educational work of the 
Church. Now we know that the historical, scientific 
and literary methods of interpretation, apply no less 
to the Bible, than to any other department of invcsti- 
- gation and research. Mere speculation and fantasy 
can no longer prevail in any department of education. 
We believe, therefore, that we are gradually overcom- 
ing, — in fact, have overcome, — the threatening con- 
ditions of some fifteen or twenty years ago. The situ- 
ation has been simply the result of growth. Without 
growth there must be decay and death. Perhaps some 
preconceived ideas must be abandoned, after research 
and investigation have been made. 

In dealing with and attempting to. teach the Bible 
or any part of it, the first question to determine is, 
' What did this scripture mean, what was it intended 
to mean to and for the people to whom it was given, 
and at the time it was given? This and only this 
method of interpretation is the safe and sane way of 
procedure. Only in this way can we determine what 
it may and should mean for us, our day, our age, so 
to speak. 

The New Testament can not be intelligently in- 
terpreted unless there is an intelligent understanding 
of the Old Testament teaching. The New is largely 
the outgrowth of the Old. May we be a little specific? 
Doubtless the great and appalling European war is, at 
this time, causing much anxiety and anguish of spirit. 
What shall be said of "The World Problem," "The 
Kingdom of God " ? 

As to the world problem and the Kingdom of God, 
there is doubtless much misunderstanding, misappre- 
hension and difference of opinion. Among the 
causes for this confusion of thought, I believe to be 
first a misunderstanding and consequently a misin- 
terpretation of the general subject of prophecy ; 
second, a misunderstanding and consequently a misin- 
terpretation of Apocalyptical literature, especially the 
Book of Daniel, the Apocalypse of the Old Testament, 
and the Book of Revelation, the Apocalypse of the 
New Testament. 

As to the Old Testament prophets, the general con- 
ception seems to be that their chief function was to 
tell future events, while, as a matter of fact, pre- 
diction was but a part, and in some instances but a 
small part of the work of the prophet. The prophet 
dealt with the past, he dealt largely with the present- 
day problems of his own time, he was at times a real 
statesman, not a politician. He did speak about, and 
gave a word of warning relative to the future. He 
was a forth-teller rather than a foreteller. He was a 
speaker for God. Every true preacher today is a 
prophet of God. Verify what I have said about the 
Old Testament prophets, i^ke one qj the minor or 
major prophets, tf you please, and see how much is 
the foretelling of future events. In the main he is 
dealing with the problems of his own day and age. 
Of course, he gives the warping. Sin will and must 
be punished. To be sure, the great Messianic proph- 
ecies must be reckoned with. 

As to the Apocalypses, Daniel was doubtless written 
in its present form, when Greek civilization, chiefly 
through Antiochus Epiphanes (170-160 B. C), was 
trying to crush the life out of the Jew, and to advance 
Greek customs at all hazards. Persecution and even 
death were freely used. This point of view recog- 
nizes the historical Daniel. His experience, his manly 
and heroic courage, rescue, etc., are used as words of 
encouragement and warning. With this view, much 
of the speculation is removed from the book, while 
the principles of triumph, the overcoming of tempta- 
tion and evil, apply to all times and ages. This gives 
a workable historical basis of interpretation. As is 
known to every Bible student, the Book of Daniel is 
not among the prophets of the Old Testament in the 
Hebrew Bible. It is in the third division, or group 
of books, viz., the writings or Hagiographa. 

In the main, the same may be said of the Book of 
Revelation. The book was doubtless written when 
Roman civilization (65-96 A. D., Nero Domitian) 
was attempting to crush the life out of the Christian 

church. Much of the -vnibolism. figures, etc., applies 
to the time when written. Mention is made in terms 
like these, " For tin- time is at hand" (1: 3). "the 
things which must shortly come to pass" (22: 6). 
"The express language of the book itself, and in 
„ general the historical spirit of our own time, unite 
in compelling us to seek, for the meaning of the im- 
agery of the book, primarily in factors present in the 
writer's age and place." Here again we observe, that 
those underlying principles of success, triumphs and 
victory,— the overcoming life, so to speak, — apply to 
all times, our own present as well as to the past. 

Many, I fear, fail to make a clear and intelligent 
distinction between prophecy and apocalypse. The 
Following impresses me as being clear: "Prophecy 
deals with the sins of prosperity, apocalypse with the 
evils and perplexities of adversity. Prophecy works 
for moral reformation, the apocalypse waits for 
supernatural intervention." 

If any are annoyed and troubled about this present 
age, the world age, the Devil's age, Russellism, Dowie- 
ism, Christian Science, Premillennialism, socialism, or 
any other " ism " or " ology," let us remember that 
the " apocalypse stands as a splendid testimony to 
the undaunted confidence of a persecuted church, that 
goodness is mightier than evil and that the kingdom 
of God will at length prevail. It is a paan born of 
the faith that, though, for the time being, truth is on 
the scaffold and wrong on the throne," 
Yet that scaffold sways the future, and behind the dim 

Standeth God within the shadow, keeping watch above 

Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa. 

Positive Preaching. 

Which do men need most, — the dining-room or the 
clinic? Food or medicine? Did Jesus spend his time 
warning people about hell, or pointing them toward 
heaven? Is it profitable to meditate upon our sins, 
to brood over them, talk about them, keep them ever 
before us; or is it better to think (and act) on the 
things that are true and good and lovely and vir- 
tuous? Where should the emphasis be put? 

There is no doubt that cases arise when sin should 
be uncovered, so that its subtlety and horror may he 
seen and felt. When sickness comes, the physician 
is called. Perhaps surgery and caustics are necessary. 
Amputation may be the only salvation. The ugliness 
and horribleness. however, should be the exception 
and not the rule. Life depends not upon medicine 
and surgery, but upon food and drink, and air and 
sunshine, and exercise. 

Is it necessary for a minister to see and to know all 
the evil that he may preach effectively? Does one 
have to take poison to know that it is harmful? Do 
I need to get drunk to know that alcoholism is bad? 
Is it necessary personally to see and investigate the 
theatre and the cabaret, to know that these institu- 
tions are not, good? Or shall I judge them by their 
fruit, as the Scriptures teach? 

.. 1 have held for many years, and am more and more 
persuaded that I am right, that the principal duty of 
the minister is to " preach Christ and him crucified," 
to preach the Gospel of salvation, to preach heaven 
and make people want heaven, to make the Christian 
life so pleasant, so happy, and so blessed, that all men 
will want it. It is psychologically true that men 
will act on the thoughts and suggestions of their 
minds. If their minds are filled with visions of the 
True, the Good, and the Beautiful, — the things that 
make for Life and Joy and Peace, — they can not help 
acting upon these thoughts and acts. " Conversion 
is the expulsive power of a new affection." Man is 
naturally, like" a child, " suggestible." The sugges- 
tions of what he should be, and not what he should 
not be, should ever be kept before him. It is a false 
pedagogy to fill the child's mind with the things it 
should not do, for the suggestion tends at once to 
motor action. The teacher who told her pupils not to 
go on top of the wood-house. — a feat they had never 
thought about.— found that her suggestion produced 
the opposite effect of her desire. So it is always. 

The '• don't " philosophy is psychologically wrong. 
The only way to get rid of bad thoughts and acts is to 
get men busy thinking and doing good. So the pulpit 
needs a positive message,— food,— real nourishing, 
constructive food, and not negative preaching. 

It may he wise, at times, to speak of the things that 
are not true, not to be believed, not to be done,— 
when occasion demands. Rut under normal condi- 
tions what good does it do an audience to know a 
million negative facts? No good at all. The appeal 
should always he a positive truth,— so great, so en- 
nobling and enthralling that it secures one's loyalty. 
After the sermon should be action, work, service. 
To do this, a positive duty, or better opportunity of 
life and service must he given. There can be no ac- 
tion on denunciations. 

The best way to get rid of the darkness, is to turn 
on (he light. The way to get rid of sin, is to do good. 
The way to get rid of selfishness and indifference in 
the churches, is not by denunciations, but by a vision 
oJ service, and an opportunity to achieve something 
for the cause of Christ. This cause must be made so 
attractive that men will love it and love it with all 
their hearts. Whal men will love, for that they will 

If we want to spend our energies to the best advan- 
tage, we must preach heaven rather than hell, sal- 
vation rather than damnation, service and missions, 
rather than denunciations. "According to your faith 
be it done unto you." If we have the faith that good 
can be done, then good will be done in his name. 

McPhenson, Kans 

East, Middle and West. 

Roanoke City Church, Va. 
Tin- members of the Roanoke City church are not 
wasting words, hut they are doing church work. 
After so large an ingathering, one year ago. when 
most thorough work was done, some thought that the 
harvest would be small, yet the meeting this fall re- 
sulted in thirty-two baptisms. Half or more of those 
who came were grown people. It is a joy to labor 
with people who are eager to serve, visit, pray, or 
da just what is needed for a spiritual meeting. 

After the revival closed, on Sunday night, it was 
announced thai mi Monday evening there would be a " 
talk on slum work in London by Sister Royer, and 
another on China. At the close of this service an in- 
vitation was given to subscribe funds to begin a hos- 
pital at Ping Ting Hsien, China, where Dr. Wampler 
is located. After two weeks' prayerful thinking the 
congregation subscribed about $3,000. This is what 
a congregation can do when the members have a 
willing mind. Of course, not so many congregations 
have pastors like this one. He planned the revival 
with the expectation that the congregation would raise 
$2,000. He missed the mark a little, but every one is 
happy over it. Had all churches such pastors, the 
members would Ik- willing workers, and the results 
would be wonderful. Praise God for the good work 
in Roanoke ! 

Dry Creek Church, Iowa. 
The Dry Creek congregation, a little north of Cedar 
Rapids. Iowa, one of the older congregations in the 
State, has for many years worshiped in a commodious 
house, about a mile from Robins. The building was 
erected along the old lines, when Sunday-schools were 
not considered; it needed repair greatly. The village 
of Robins had no church, and the congregation de- 
cided to repair the old church by tearing it down and 
rebuilding a new one in the village. Naturally, that 
would cost some heartaches, for the old spot has 
precious memories, and unfortunate it is when these 
must he left behind. Yet they all belong to earth and 
should be willingly left behind, with every move for- « 
ward. The house in Robins is well built, convenient, 
and so planned that when the body needs a larger 
place of worship, it will not be difficult to add thereto. 
Dec. 5 the new church was dedicated. Bro. J. D. 
Myers, the overseer, attended the morning service, 
but not feeling well, went home and took his bed. 
The following week a revival was held, and seven 
dear ones were received into the kingdom. ■ The week 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1016. 

following, one who had attended the meetings to some 
extent, suddenly died. Later Bro. Myers passed away 
and his was the first funeral in the new house. He 
who was among those who labored most unselfishly 
for the erection of the new house, did not live to en- 
joy the fruits of his labors. And the congregation 
gathered as one broken-hearted family, to mourn for 
their leader. The new church; site has already be- . 
come sacred by the death of one whom every one 

Omaha Church, Nebraska. 
The little flock in Omaha, Nebr., has labored and 
longed for better accommodations than an old dilapi- 
dated storeroom could afford them for Sunday-school 
and preaching. One wonders how- they ever gathered 
any one into the fold in the old place of worship, so un- 
inviting was the place. On Sunday, Dec. 12. the 
congregation crowded around the old altar, and wor- 
shiped For the last time in a room now to be aban- 
doned, though it had witnessed many precious seasons 
of worship before the Lord. A few tears were shed, 
for a number were born into the kingdom at this place. 
Yet with gladness every one moved into that new 
church. And what a splendid edifice it is! Would 
that every Nebraska*, as well as every member of the 
Brotherhood, could see what has been put up on that 
well-located corner lot for the small sum of $3,620! 
Even all the furnishings are within that amount. It 
is a well-appearing frame building, with a splendid 
foundation and high enough that every bit of the 
basement can be comfortably used for Sunday-school 
purposes. The main floor is level, and in the back 
part of it are two Sunday-school rooms, available as 
additional room for the auditorium, when needed. 
There is a gallery overhead. The building committee 
was very fortunate in being able to buy a splendid set 
of second-band church seats, cushions and all, at a 
nominal price. But after all is said and done, the 
building committee evidently bad experience, and the 
architect helped to secure material at right prices, for 
ordinarily that house would cost at least $5,000. The 
Brotherhood owes a debt of gratitude to those who 
si, wisely planned the building. With an economical 
outlay of money a splendid, restful place of worship 
has been constructed. 

The dedication services were held in the evening. 
The house was filled with members and the good peo- 
ple from the immediate neighborhood. A splendid 
musical program was rendered, along with short 
sketches, revealing the fact that for over six years 
Brother and Sister Weaver have been patiently labor- 
ing to this end. During that time eighty-five have 
been received into the church by baptism. Bro. Meek, 
of Octavia, member of the District Mission Board, 
spoke of the Board's pleasure in being able to pro- 
vide this new church home. He emphasized the fact 
that the church is a unit in her work at this place, as 
well as being full of energy. The responsive readings 
at the time of the dedication were most impressive. 
As statement after statement was read, the congrega- 
tion answered, "We dedicate this house." 

The Omaha congregation has entered upon a new 
era of service. There are many young members there, 
but they are willing workers. Unless there arises 
division from some quarter, not now foreseen, this 
body will grow rapidly and accomplish much for the 
Master. The District does well in supporting the mis- 
sion as it has done. Omaha is a large city, and a great 
field is to be occupied. Their problems are larger 
than their field, and they need the sustaining grace of 
prayer by all the Father's children. In your prayers, 
brother, sister, forget not Omaha. 
Elgin, Illinois. 

A Full House. 


It is not very inspiring to speak to empty benches, 
nor is it cheering in Sunday-school work, to have only 
a few children. The minister prefers a large and 
interesting audience, and the Sunday-school worker 
desires a good attendance, but an overcrowded house 
is not desirable, especially in Sunday-school work. 

Here in Sweden the children do not mind being in 
a crowded room. Most of them are accustomed to 

crowded rooms in their homes. Families of fifteen 
and seventeen live in a room twelve by twelve and a 
kitchen. Especially is this true in a little village, three 
miles from Malmb, where we, two years ago, started 

To give our readers a little idea of what we call 
" crowded " in Sweden, I will give dimensions of our 
hall in Malmo and Rosenvang. Our hall in Malmo 
is sixteen by forty feet, with an ante-room eight by 
ten, where we have the beginners' class. The entire 
school numbers over one hundred. Most classes are 
too large. More children could easily be gathered into 
the Sunday-school, more classes organized, and better 
work be done if we had more room. We think we are 
crowded in our. school in Malmo, but we are not. if 
we compare the hall in Malmo with that in Rosenvang, 
where the room is twelve by fifteen, and the children 
number from sixty-five to seventy-five. You can 
hardly conceive how crowded they are if you never 
have seen seventy children in a room twelve by fifteen. 

Under these conditions, for lack of something better, 
our young deacon, Bro. Alfred Jonsson, superintends 
the Sunday-school, assisted by Sister Buckingham. It 
was my privilege to visit this school on Sunday. I was 
made to think of some of our large churches in the 
country at home, with a seating capacity of one 
thousand and a Sunday-school numbering less than 
one hundred. What a contrast! 

Do you ask how a Sunday-school of this size can 
be conducted in such a small room? It is just a little 
difficult to tell how, but we do the best we can under 
present conditions, and in faith and hope we pray for 
something better, and more roomy. 

After the Sunday-school the writer preached. 
Thirty-five were present, and at that the room was 
well filled. A number of the larger children remained 
for the preaching service. 

At this place we have two members. We hope to 
have a series of meetings here in 'December. Here 
there are people who need salvation. May the Lord 
give us grace to present its conditions in a proper and 
convincing way! May the seed fall on good soil 
and bear much fruit to the honor and glory of God ! 

Malmo, Sweden, Nov. io. 

Personally Taught by the Lord. 

BY , 

And lie 

■ id si i. 

into them, O foolish 
heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken! Be- 
hooved it not the Christ to suffer these things, and to en- 
ter into his glory? And beginning from Moses and from 
all the prophets, he interpreted to them in all the scrip- 
tures the things concerning himself" (Luke 24: ?5-27). 

What would we not give for that commentary on 
the Old Testament! I have never been more tempted 
than in this case to violate the instruction of Deut. 
29: 29 and go on wishing that we might have some 
things that, in the wisdom of God, it did not seem 
best to vouchsafe to us. However, is it not probable 
that in the rest of the apostolic writings we have such 
an interpretation of the Old Testament, which the apos- 
tles themselves received from this and similar instruc- 
tions from our Lord himself? And are not we, like 
these disciples whom our Lord lovingly rebuked, in 
our foolishness and slowness of heart to believe in 
what the Scriptures have spoken? How many things 
would be open to our eyes and be comfort to our 
hearts, and become blessings in our lives, if only we 
could somehow learn to meditate more day and night 
in the law of the Lord ! 

As one dwells more and more upon the theme, it 
becomes more clearly evident with what deep rev- 
erence and unfailing interest and warm affection our 
Lord turned over to the Word of God for counsel and 
help and comfort in his own life, and so, too, he 
leaned upon it more than upon anything else, in try- 
ing to bring help and convincing argument home to 
the hearts of those whom he was teaching. His only 
answer, to the terrible doubts and despairing hope of 
these disciples, was an appeal to the Word of God, 
by means of which, if they had been faithful, they 
might have been spared most of their doubts and 
fears. In the twenty-fifth verse he rebukes them for 
not yielding to the word spoken by God. In the 

twenty-sixth verse he says in a w r ord how that the 
things that have happened were exactly what had 
been foretold as befitting the Messiah. And then, in 
verse 27, we are told that he appealed in detail, one 
by one, to the passages which had foretold his suf- 
ferings and the glory which should follow. 

What effect all this had upon his disciples is graphi- 
cally suggested in verse 32: " W^ not our heart 
burning within us while he spoke to us in the way, 
in opening to us the scriptures? " And that is alw r ays 
the result in our case when the Lord, by the Holy 
Spirit, opens our hearts to understand the Word, and 
illuminates the Scriptures, speaking through them to 
the inmost depths of our being. 

Our rarest joys and deepest blessings come at 
those times when our hearts are bending in reverent 
devotion and earnest longing for the secrets of the 
Word of God, and when we are trusting him to speak 
to us himself by the Word. Then it is that our hearts • 
are stirred. Such are the highest experiences of life"; 
for what could be more blessed than to meet the Lord 
in these holy places where he keeps tryst with our 
hearts, and we are permitted to see visions of his truth 
and of the eternal purposes of God? 

Here it is that the soul is fed and strengthened and 
that we gird ourselves for the duties and battles of 
life. Who, as he, knows just what we need, or who 
has the touch divine to bless us with every spiritual 
blessing, so that always having all sufficiency in every- 
thing, we may abound unto every good work? 

Blessed is that soul that has learned this secret, for 
the secret of a successful life is in the closet alone 
with God. There every great victory must first be 
won in the spirit realm, before it can be afterwards 
outwardly achieved in the world about us. Blessed 
is the man who daily meets his Lord in such heart-to- 
heart fellowship, to whom the Lord opens the Scrip- 
tures, whose Heart the Lord opens that he may under- 
stand the things of the Spirit, — the eternal things! 
And blessed is the man who has learned that the 
busier he is, the more certainly must he keep tryst 
with the Lord, to be girded for his task and furnished 
completely unto every good work. 

When the angel of God was wrestling with Jacob 
at the fords of the Jabbok, and as Jacob became more 
and more deeply stirred in his spirit, he said, " I will 
not let thee go except thou bless me." Then it was 
that he received the larger blessing, which trans- 
formed his whole life, and a blessing was his, so deep 
that he never forgot it the longest day he lived, — a 
blessing, too, which was manifested in everything 
which afterwards he did. Just so it was with these 
two disciples. They did not, as yet, recognize their 
Lord, but their hearts were so rejoiced at the blessed' 
truth, and so yielded to its power, and so desirous of 
having more, that they constrained him to abide with 
them. And it was afterwards, when they had drunk 
still more deeply of the message which he gave them, 
that their eyes were opened and they knew that it was 
the Lord. 

And so, too, it often is with us. We should not 
leave our* meditations until our eyes have seen the 
Lord and recognized him personally, and until we 
have entrusted him fully with the opportunities and 
trials of the day. Far too often we think only of the 
Word as a truth, and do not go on to take the message 
from the Word into the presence of the Lord himself, 
thanking him for the blessedness it has brought in 
thought and emotion, confessing our shortcomings 
and our unworthiness and insufficiency for the duties 
and temptations that await us outside the inner cham- 
ber's door, professing, moreover, and confirming, with 
full assurance of faith, our determined purpose to 
trust him fully hecause he knows the way and knows 
how to grant the mercy and grace we must have, to 
help in every time of need. 

Beloved, you can not possibly be too busy with any 
legitimate work or task, to take plenty of time each 
day to pray and to feed on the Word. It was Luther, 
in the most strenuous time of his life, who said that 
he was so busy and had so many responsibilities that 
he could not possibly get along without three hours 
every day spent in conference with the Lord himself. 
How often it has been the experience of those wlio 
have made the experiment, that whenever they have 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

taken plenty of time, in the most strenuous days of 
their lives, to talk over and plan out the day's work 
with the Lord, somehow there has been a wisdom and 
a blessing that has made every perplexity plain and 
every duty and burden light! On the other hand, 
how often have we also experienced thaf, — when we 
hurried through with our morning devotions for the 
sake of rushing to some task that was clamoring just 
outside the door, — the day has been troublesome, per- 
plexing, and unsatisfactory and largely fruitless! 
3435 W. Van Burcn St., Chicago. 

The Bible Session of 1916 will open with the Chapel Ex- 
ercises on Friday, Jan. 7, and continue until Jan. 15. The 
program includes the following: 

This is io he a week of good things. Conic and enjoy 
them with us. It will be especially beneficial for minis- 
ters and Sunday-school workers. No one can afford l«> 
miss it. It will give yon t lie enthusiasm and inspiration 
so necessary to help von perform your work most effect- 

Tuition is free. Board and lodging will be three dol- 
lars and a half a week, or seventy-five cents a day. Meals 
will be twenty-five cents each, or three for fifty cents. The 
college will arrange to lodge those in town, whom they 
can not accommodate at the College. Please notify us if 


Hits Institute will be held Jan. 16 to 23. 

Sunday, January 23. 

Meyers, presl 

We doomed i 
Meyer* Ratal 


s* S... i.-n . Sister /on 
• wli.trr I,, K„hM>- 


to Saturday, < 

Monday, on fl 


:30 1 

Ministers, Sunday-school workers, and all who arc in- 
terested in Bible study and church work, whether young 
or old,— all are invited to come for the full term and enjoy 
the good things which the college wilt present in this 
special instruction. Come, too, to see the college busy in 

egular work. 
No charge is made for tuition. Roo 
rovided at moderate charges. 
Kindly write and tell us when yoi 
vant to have a place ready for yon. 
f. Ha 
Huntingdon. Pa 

Lectures by Prof, Yoder, 3:30 to ■1:30, Friday, Peace; 8a 

A Year of War Kvr.pri.Miii- In Germany." 

illustrated lecture by Rrn. W, O. Beokner, R P. M.»i Frlda; 

Program of Literary Societies, S P. M.. Saturday. 

Lodging Committee.— Mrs. John Dresner, Mr. F. P. Del 
er. Mrs. W. O. Beckner. 

Write to some member of the Committee that you c* 
iect to come and when you will likely arrive. 

No charge for tuition. 

Board will cost the small sum of fifty cents per day. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


Our Bible Institute will be held Jan. 23 to 30. 

Instructors: Eld. Walter S. Long. Prof. Frank F. Hoi- 
sopple, Eld. A. B. Miller. Eld. C. D. Bonsack, Prof. 
Paul H. Bowman, Dr. James Fraser. 

Special Lecturers: Dr. Milton G. Evans. President of 
Crozer Seminary; Rev. F. H. Havcuner, Methodist Pas- 
tor at Westminster, Md.; Eld. Wm. E. Roop, District 
Missionary Secretary. 

A special invitation to ministers and Sunday-school 
workers, and a hearty welcome to the public. 
Sunday, January 33. 


Wednesday, January t 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 


Bible Readings: 


1. .lit Were t<> Eat 

Under the Law, Ex. 12: 3; Dent. 16: 1". 

Under the- Gospel, Mark 14: 22. 23; 1 Cor, 10 3, 4 

2. They Were to Eat Together. 

Under tlie Law, Ex. 12: 4: Dent, 16: 15. 17. 
Under the Gospel, 1 Tor. II 20, Matt. -'<• 20-23. 
?>. The Penalty of not Eating. 

Under the Law, Num. <>: 13. 

Under the Gospel, John 6: 5,1; LI: 17. 

4. The Penalty of not Eating Right. 
Under the Law, Ex. 12: 15. 

Under the Gospel, I Cor. 11 : 29, 30. 

5. Fat with Pilfer Herbs. 

Under the Law. Ex, 12: S; Num. '>: 11. 

Under the Gospel, 1 Cor. 11: 31. 32: 1 John 1: ". 

(,. As to Time Both II en- Eaten at Night. 

Under the Law, Ex. 12: S; Num. 9: 11. 

Under the Gospel, John 13: 30; 1 Cor. 11: 23. 
7. The Manner of Keeping Each Feast is Given. 

Under the Law, Ex. 12: 3-11: Dent. 16: 1-K. 

Under the Gospel, John 13: 12-17; 1 Cor. 11: 1. 2. 

S. Both Feasts lie,,- Types. 

Under the Law. the lamb a tpe of Christ. Rev. 13: 8. 

Under the Gospel, a type of the marriage supper, 

Luke 12: 37: Rev. 19: 7-9. 
( >. Only Tliosc in Fellowship, Members, — Could 
Partake of the Feasts. 

Under the Law. Ex. 12: 43, 45. 48. 

Under the Gospel, Luke 22: 14; 1 Cor. 11: 1. 2. 

Note.— Those alone having the faith of Christ can 

commune with Christ. There Van be a comnmn'on 

only where there is union and fellowship. 
10. Those Under the Law with Those Undct the 
Gospel Each Have Their Passover. 

The Law Had the Lamb. Dent. 16: -1, 2. 

The Gospel Had Christ, the Antitype 1 Cor. 5: 7. 

Covington, Ohio. 

Side Lights. 

The Worth of a Boy. 

What is a boy worth ? How much can we safely 
invest to protect him from the liquor evil? Major 
Dan Morgan Smith told me, a short time ago, that 
in order to fight the temperance forces each saloon is 
taxed five dollars a month. Distillers and brewers 
. pay larger assessments according to the volume of 

their business. He further stated that, during his 
experience of four years, as attorney for one of the 
three largest liquor dealers' associations of America. 
9891 "' ,nc assessments were paid. 

That is what they consider the preservation of the 
saloon and groggery worth to them. What is their 
removal worth to homes, churches, schools, and 
business in general? Have you paid a small frac- 
tion of that value? Have you really supported the 
movement? Have you risked property, liberty, rep- 
utation or life itself, lo drive out this barbarous in- 
iquity that has wrought so much ruin and sorrow? 
According to the most authentic statistics available, 
we sacrifice one man every four minutes to the saloon. 
We pay more for liquor than for government, cdu- 
cation and religion combined. 

What is a boy worth? What it your boy worth? 
\n\ boy is entirely too precious to offer as a sacrifice 
to this modern Moloch. Let us acquaint ourselves 
with the facts relating to this evil and then let us 
stand by the work of elimination until the saloon is 
, " only an evil memory, and children may grow to man- 
hood and womanhood free from its baleful shadow. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 


Many papers and magazines were full of good sug- 
gestions for proper observance of Thanksgiving Day. 
Now, that it is over, have we stopped to ask how it 

was spent? In some places much more was said about 
(he turkey and the bounties of the (able, of the grati- 
fication of pleasure, than about the sermon, the Boun- 
tiful Giver and of suffering humanity. 

An acquaintance spent the day in New York City 
where 40.000 people crowded to witness the football 
game between Annapolis and West Point. In the 
evening this man sought to enter a theater, but it was 
filled,— even the standing room being taken at $1 per 
ticket. Turning to another, he was able to gain stand- 
ing room at the price of $1. Here he remained till 
twelve o'clock. Next he went to one of the popular 
restaurants and for two hours more watched these 
people, let out of the theater. Here promiscuous 
drinking, eating, dancing and revelling extended far 
into the night, almost till morning. 

The next night an opera was studied. Here the 
man paid $3.50 for a ticket. By "securing this in the 
morning, he was able to have a seat with 4,000 others. 
At a church the attendance was very small and the 
service formal. 

At the same time the railways leading into that city 
are glutted with overflowing bounties for a hundred 
miles. There is no nation in the wide world in so 
imminent danger of losing its soul as America. Com- 
mensurate with our bounties is our privilege to live 
a_more devoted life. " Behold what manner of love 
the Father hath bestowed upon us. . . . And 
every one that hath this hope set on him purifieth 
himself, even as he is pure" (1 John 3: 1-3). 

Chicago, III. 

A Blue Day Remedy. 


rid of nature, it was Long- 
fellow day, — cold and dark, and dreary. It rained, 
" and the wind was never aweary." 

Indoors, in the world of the Spirit, much the same 
atmosphere prevailed. A cloud of despondency had 
settled down upon the soul; the inner shadows of 
life lay heavily upon the heart; discouragement held 
undisputed possession of the throne of peace; blue 
day thoughts had the ascendancy. Why deny it? 
We all have these days. 

Footsteps sounded on the wet street-walk outside. 
From the rain-drenched window, a woman of ample 
form and prominent, but pleasant, features, came into 

As she passed the window, she nodded brightly. 
" A fine day," said she, and then, as if divining the 
general miserableness of the owner of the face at the 
window, " I'm working off the blues," and she trudged 
on through the slush. 

An impulse came to rise and follow. The appeal 
was heeded. Soon we were standing in a low, bare 
room, in the presence of need, such as we have sel- 
dom witnessed. 

It is hardly necessary to state that the blues imme- 
diately vanished from our horizon. Heart and hand 
were soon busy with something more worthy than 
s-e-l-f. For. analyze the matter, probe the trouble to 
its depths, and self is more often, than otherwise, the 
cause of an attack of this baneful malady. When 
afflicted, try the " help-others " cure, and see and feel 
the result. Others than yourself will rejoice. 

Warren, Ohio. 

' Fishers of Men." 

We have jus! received No. 46 of the Messenger 
f read the editorials, which are very interesting and 
always the first part we read when the Messenger 
arrives. We rejoice in the number of accessions, but 
what most impressed the writer was Bro. Moore's 
fishing experience. I wonder if we preachers do not 
have the same experience in " fishing for men." It 
is even possible for our " fishing tacklings " to be too 
weak to make a landing. Does not the Gospel (?) 
hook bend sometimes? Then the fish is off in the 
deep again, and he may be a little more careful at 
what he bites the next time. 

If such has been our experience, let us resolve, like 
the fisherman of the South, to have a " tackling " 

that will stand the test and not cause a defeat in the 
landing. Lei: us have the best preparation for our 
"fishing expedition." The Gospel of Jesus Christ 
" is the power of God unto salvation to every one that 
belieyeth." Let us have this as our "tackling," and 
use it with the skill of the best fisherman. 
Mahno, Sweden. 

This Little Prayer. 

" Now I lay me down to sleep, 
I pray thee, Lord, my soul to keep." 
Recently this little prayer was impressed upon me 
with greater significance than ever before. 
. A young woman, the mother of three children, was, 
with her husband ministering to the wants of a sick 
little boy until midnight, when he rested better and 

The father and mother also lay'down to rest, — he 
on a couch and she in bed with one of the children. 
All slept well until morning, when it was found that 
the mother had passed into eternity during her sleep, 
without a struggle. 

Not oilly our little ones, but all of us may with 
sincerity pray: 

"If I should die before I wake, 
I pray thee. Lord, my soul to take." 
Piiridsrille, Pa. 


Lesson for January 16, 1916. 

Subject— Peter's Sermon at Pentecost— Acts 2: 14-47. 
Colden Text— Whosoever shall call on the name of the 
Lord shall be saved.— Acts 2: 21. 
Time.— Sunday, May 28, A . D. 30. 


Christian Work That Counts. 

Eccles. 9: 10. 
For Sunday Evening, January 16, 1916. 

1. Oration "Be Busy, Fellow-Christian" 

2. Unselfish Work, R om . i 5: !_ 6 

3. Steadfast Work, 1 Cor. IS: 57, 58 

4. Prayerful Work i Thess. 5: 15-23 

5. Spirit-filled Work Luke 4: 18-21 

6. Persistent Work Heb. 12- 1-3 

7. Faithful Work Luke 16: 10 

8. Questions — (1) How has the work of our society 
counted in the past? (2) How can we make our soci- 
ety a stronger force for good in the community? 


Our Responsibility. 

2 Tim. 1; 6; Study Rom. 12: 1-21. 
For Week Beginning January 16, 1916. 
1- Great Results from the " Stirring-Up " Process.— 
There is a wonderful power Jn singleness of love for Je- 
sus.— in the doing of "just one thing" in realization of 
our responsibility to the Master. A man of very moder- 
ate talents and endowments becomes a leading mind as 
soon as Christ gets complete hold of him. He follows 
Jesus so heartily, so energetically that he carries others 
along with him by his sheer momentum. And that is not 
brain-power or purse-power, mainly, but heart-power 
(Matt. 5: 13-16; John 9: 4; Rom. 12: 11; 2 Cor. 7- 11- Gal 
4: 18). 

2. Give Christ the Best.— If Christ is to use us to the 
best advantage, he must have all there is of us. We must 
give ourselves entirely to his service. Only when we give 
our all to God, can we really know him, and only then can 
he make use of us. Whatever of selfish motives contols 
us, by so much are the intellectual faculties dulled, and 
the spiritual perceptions dimmed. We increase our power 
and enlarge our influence only as we forget ourselves. God 
makes the largest use of those whose powers are wholly 
Ins in fellowship and service (John 6: 27; 2 Cor. 4- 8 9 10 
13, 16, 17, 18; Gal. 6: 9; Eph. 5: 15, 16). 

3. We Must Pay the Price of Moral and Spiritual Prog- 
ress.— He who would realize his responsibility by gainiiiR 
knowledge of the truth and be set free by it. must earn 
it by discipline and sacrifice of temporary pleasures for 
permanent joy. The truth of this is made clear and win- 
some when we see it in the unselfish life of Jesus. In or- 
der lo make our life effective, we must pattern after the 
one Perfect Life (1 Cor. 14: 12; 15: 58; Eph. 6: 14-20; 
Philpp. 1: 27, 28; 2: 15; 3: 13, 14: Col. 4: 5; 2 Peter 3: 14) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 



The Little Church Over the Way. 

tlio wr 

used for religious services for 1 

.bandoned for one much more com 

reel. Respectfully dedicated to B 

■0. John 

8s and 6s or C. M. 

There is a place to memory dea 


That's just across the way, 

It is the house wherein we me 

To worship, sing and pray. 

When worldly cares oppressec 

our soi 

Our spirits called for rest, 

' Twas here we found a sweet 


Upon a Savior's breast. 

In simple faith we looked to God, 

And trusted in his love, 
He met us in the sacred rites, 

Which point to things above. 
'Twas here we spent our Sabbath days. 

From the cold world apart, 
And the communion with our Lord, 

Brought comfort to each heart. 


that i 


To save us from the fall, 
Was here proclaimed to sinners lost, 

To save them one and all. 
Here wanderers came and found the pe 

That Jesus gives the soul 
That trusts its all in his strong arm, 

To reach the happy goal. 
The service of this sacred place, 

Filled every soul with joy, 
We thither turned our willing feet, 

Far from the world's alloy. 
We sang our songs to praise the Lord, 

Who kept us by his power, 
And lingered at the throne of grace, 

The sweet and precious bower. 
The Lord gave strength, his work wen 

We sought a larger place. 
His grace provided for our wants, 

And showed his smiling face. 
But solemn thoughts still call us back, 

To days that are no more, 
The loved -who worshiped with us the 

Have gone to heaven's shore. 
The house that was to us so dear, 

That's just across the way, 
Points to a place where friends can i 

In realms of perfect day. 
Here death and sorrow are our lot, 

Our hearts are often riven, 




Hollidaysburg, Pa. 

: up 

The Blossoms That Were Never Anything 
But Blossoms. 


Mr. Gray worked all afternoon, putting his apples 
away. Large baskets of the finest apples -were carried 
to the cave, and some of them were buried in the 
garden. Mr. Gray said there never had been such a 
crop of apples from his orchard. The old apple tree, 
too, has bome its share of the big red apples which 
Mr. Gray is storing in the cellar. 

We like to look over the meadow, south of the 
house, where this apple tree is growing. It is a 
playground of wind and flowers and waving grasses. 
In the early spring, the fresh- turf has the promise 
of summer in its tender green, but today it lies cold 
and sad under inhospitable skies, and the meadow is 
bleak and bare. 

Last spring the apple tree was in bloom. — a miracle 
of color and sweetness. We thought that nothing 
could eclipse the splendor of blossom time. It began 
in the South and it reached the old apple tree, and it 
would go on until it came to the last tree in the world, 
— far away in the North. Blossom time sweeps over 
the whole earth. The blossoms have in them the 
rushing seas and falling tides, the warmth of the 
sun and starlight. All nature combines to bring about 
this wonder of color, — these flowers, filled with per- 
fume and the promise of fruit. 

But what about the blossoms that will never be 
anything but blossoms? Out of this pink, billowy 

mass of beauty, only a few of them bear fruit. Not 
one in ten will produce fruit. For ten blossoms on an 
apple Ircc there may not be one apple to store away for 
winter. Last year the old apple tree was gorgeous 
with color and loveliness in apple blossom time. And 
there were only a few. poor, wormy apples in the 
fall. It did seem as if nature had changed her mind 
about giving fruit; we were disappointed. But think- 
ing about it we say that it takes a wilderness of blos- 
soms to make May, and if all these blossoms became 
fruit, it would be more than the tree could bear. 

Then we thought of the many people who have 
aspirations and plans to do wonderful things, but 
when the year is gone they have done only a little 
of what they hoped to do. And so they grow dis- 
couraged and disappointed. Now, if we could only 
remember that our hopes and plans are like the blos- 
soms on the old apple tree, they would help to make 
the month of May beautiful. So our unrealized 
visions make life grander and better, — they are the 
vital tide on which float the realities. And so the 
fever of agonizing struggle calms down to a trust in 
the Lord who is good, and his banner over us is love. 

Some of us dream beautiful dreams and long for 
them to come true, but they fade like the apple blos- 
soms and leave no trace. Others spend the days seek- 
ing a place which they intend to fill. They have an 
idea that the kingdoms and crowns of this world were 
intended for them. They wait, impatiently, but the 
passing years bring no fulfillment, and so they go on, 
discontented with their lot, and sighing for another. 
They do not realize that many blossoms fall to the 
ground, — that only here and there one becomes fruit- 
ful. If they could but see that the days God has 
given us are all wonderful, that there is room in the 
commonest home for heroism,— at least for fidelity, — 
they would be content. 

" One day at a time! But a single day, 
Whatever its load, whatever its length; 
And there's a bit of Scripture to say. 
That according to each shall be our strength." 

King David purposed, in the depths of his loyal 
old heart, to build a temple to God. But as he planned 
for it there came the message that he should not 
build this temple. His son might build it, but David 
himself could only gather materials and get ready for 
the building. Think of a shower of apple blossoms 
falling in May, and you may know what disappoint- 
ment saddened David. The temple which he had in 
mind, — the beautiful temple with its spires, gold- 
tipped, and its furnishings of cedar wood, overlaid 
with gold, — he dared not build it. Then, instead of 
growing bitter and sullen over his disappointment, 
David went to work and gathered the materials so 
that his son might build. That was splendid. Let us 
have the courage to work on, gathering materials, so 
that our children may carry out the plans which we 
are not permitted to complete. God has his purpose 
in the blossoms that are never anything but blossoms. 
If that is typical of my life or yours, let us be patient 
and serve his purpose! 

Covington, Ohio. 


The best method of establishing mission work on a sub- 
stantial basis is undoubtedly that of beginning with a col- 
ony of workers. These workers constitute a nucleus, so 
much needed to give strength and stability to the under- 
taking. Many efforts have been vainly made and the 
workers discouraged, when the individual, single-handed, 
or even a family, vepturcd to establish a' settlement in an 
untried and uncertain field. 

Work has been already started, at many different points 
throughout the Brotherhood, where additional helpers are 
needed. How much better, many times, if our members 
were, in changing locations, to join forces with some 
colony already established, rather than, in pur; 





from an organized ch 

call in vain for helpers, they will wake up tc 

that their spiritual interests are waning. 

I wish to call special attention to the fact tha 
a planting here, and are in need of more workers 
the demand for evangelists and Sunday-schoo: 
in the surrounding community. Opportunities 
investment in good land here are also good. C 
may still be had for $35 per acre on terms (to oi 
of from one to four years,— some even two to 
Notes are written "on or before," and bear i 

years, they 

T lu- 

cent interest. This land is in brush and can be cle; 
at approximately from $5 to $10 per acre. One or 
tracts may be had, by our people, at $50 pec i 
agent delivers the land to the purchaser cleared, on tern 
same as above, but the land could not be cleared in tin 
for a crop in 1916. 

Our school district has a four-room high school buili 
ing, just complete^, which cost $3,500. Two rooms ai 
Occupied, and our needs will require the third teacher ; 
the next term of school. 

A move is on foot to have a rural telephone system ; 
operation soon. Our present R. F. D. mail route extern 
only to the edge of the settlement, but new roads hai 
been opened, and bridges built, in the hope that a ne 
route may be had to serve us more conveniently. Regan 
ing the school, I might have said also that it is deemc 
worthy, by State officials, to share in the State appropri; 
tion of $1,000,000 to rural high schools, to the amount i 
$1,000. A cotton gin is coming in and will be ready I 
gin the next crop. 

The information regarding prices and terms on the Ian 
as given above, is from the managing sales agent. Tl 
writer has no interest in the sales or commissions r 
same. We arc anxious only that more members may I 
induced to locate here, while the advantages are still goo 
The land is fast being sold, and, of course, the best is gi 
ing first. Interested parties, desiring further informatio 
may address the undersigned as below. Lee Dadisman. 

R. D. 1, Kenedy, Tex., Dec. 20. 


I think Bro. J. Kurtz Miller's article in the Thanksgiv- 
ing number, " Making Others Thankful." is very good 
and should help every reader. If we could hut remember 
always the little verse at the close, we would have less 
misunderstanding in our lives. 

This being the beginning of a new year, we might ask 
ourselves some questions with profit: Have I made any 
one happy during the last year by saying kind words? 
Have I caused sorrow to any one by unkind remarks? 
Have I been the cause of any one coming to Sunday- 
school, who would not have come, if it had not been for 
my influence? Have I been the cause of any one being 
absent from Sunday-school? Have I been instrumental in 
bringing one soul to Jesus? Have I kept" one person from 
coming to the church? 

Have I done or said what 1 ought 

ud, whn 



right, ha 

I he. 






it, and 

ask forgivc- 


Have I 




ministers and Stlnday- 




ts all 

1 ca 

, by it 

y presence at 


tig and a 



I helper 


poor \ 

ith my goods 

and money as 

I should? Have 

1 he 

-n as ki 



us in my home 

e I love hest, 

as I an 

to strangers 

or visitors? 

Eva E. 


R. D. 1, Midland, Va., De 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

OffloUl Orsin of tbe Church of Ui» Brrthrtn. 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 


CorrMponding : 



Advisory Committee. 
Garver, P. R. Keltner, S. 

N. McCann. 




!EBr s 





■i, r„.i oir,c 

flt Elgin. III., ns 

- u 

«» M.tta. 

~~~ "^- 








Hi sure to read tlic notice from the Peace Commit- 
tee on last page. 

See Bro. B. E. Kesler's Explanatory Statement on 
page thirty-two of this issue. 

Bro. Fred R. Zook, an elder of Martinsburg, Pa., 
is now in a position to accept a church pastorate. 

Bro, J. F. SoUDERS is engaged in a revival meeting 
at Hancock, Minn. Some have already turned to the 

April 2 Bro. J. Edwin Jarboc. of Lincoln, Nebr., 
is to commence a series of meetings in Conway 
Springs, Kans. 

Bro. S. C. Miller, of Chicago, called at the Mes- 
senger office recently, to extend his greetings and re- 
new his subscription. 

Six have been received into church membership in 
the Bellefontainc church, Ohio, since the last report 
from that congregation. 

Thirty turned to the Lord in the Price's Creek 
church. Ohio, while Bro. S. Z. Smith declared unto 
them the words of Everlasting Truth. 

Five have been brought to a knowledge of the 
ruth as it is in Christ Jesus, in the Portland church, 
nd., since the last report from that place. 

While on his way to Florida, Bro. S. A. Hon- 
berger stopped off at Fruitdale, Ala., for a short re- 
vival effort. Five made the good confession. 

Bko, Geo. L. Studebaker and wife, of Muncie, 
Ind.. have arranged to begin a series of evangelistic 
meetings in the church at Pittsburgh. Pa.. Jan. 16. 

The new house at Grottoes, Pleasant Valley 
church. Va.. was dedicated on Sunday. Dec. 26, Bro. 
C. E. Long delivering the address for the occasion. 

Eighteen turned to the Lord duriug the meetings 
in the Chiqucs church. Pa., while Bro. J. L. Myers 
unfolded unto them the treasures of Everlasting 

Six were received by baptism and one reclaimed in 
the Yellow River church, Ind.. during the meetings 
held there by Bro. George E. Swihart. of Roann, same 

- State. 

Bso. L. H. Eitv, of Payette. Idaho, has begun a 
scries of meetings in the northern part of the territory 
of the Weiser church, same State, where a few mem- 
bers reside. 

The Annual Meeting Treasurer, Bro. J. B. Deeter, 
West Milton, Ohio, requests us to give notice to the 
several District Treasurers that one-half cent per 
member is required for this Conference year, and is 
now needed to meet demands upon the treasury. 

A late number of the Bulletin of Blue Ridge Col- 
lege contains a description of the work in Industrial 
Education and Bible Extension which the school is 
doing this year. 

Bro. Ellis Wagoner, recently identified with the 
work in the Fairview church, Ind., has moved lo 
Pulaski, same State, to take charge of the congrega- 
tion at that place. 

On account of much sickness in the community, the 
Bible Institute, arranged for last week in the Lamed 
church, Kansas, could not be held. It has been in- 
definitely postponed. 

Bro. A. B. Hollinger, of Starkweather, N. Dak., a 
minister in the second degree, is now in a position to 
give his whole time to ministerial work. He prefers 
to go East or South. 

After participating in a splendid Bible Institute 
last week, at Johnstown, Pa., Bro. Galen B. Royer is 
spending several days this, week at Blue Ridge and 
Elizabethtown Colleges. 

A series of meetings at the Petersburg house, 
Mountvillc congregation. Pa,, conducted by Bro. 
Michael Kurtz, resulted in five accessions to the 
church and one reclaimed. 

Bro. D. K. Clapper, of Meyersdale, Pa., labored in 
a fruitful revival for the members of the Welsh Run 
church, same State. Seven enrolled under the banner 
of the Great Commander. 

A group of eight Bethany Bible School students, 
from Kansas and Nebraska, made their first visit to 
the Publishing House last week, and honored the 
Messenger office with a call. 

Bro. Adam H. Miller, of Louisville. Ohio, assist- 
ed in a revival effort at the Mohican church, same 
State, during which ten expressed their willingness 
to accept Jesus as their personal Savior. 

Jan. 23 to 30 the Blue Ridge College. New Wind- 
sor, Md., will hold its Bible Institute. Competent in- 
structors have been secured, and it is planned to make 
the Institute, from start to finish, a most helpful one. 

On Christmas Day Eld. Peter Forney, of Glen- 
dale, Ariz., closed his earthly pilgrimage. He was an 
uncle of Bro. Edmund Forney, of Lordsburg, Cal., 
and had reached the ripe age of eighty-seven years. 

Bro. John BrObaker, of Fairview, Pa., recently 
held a most inspiring scries of meetings at the 
Longenecker house, White Oak congregation, same 
State, during which six were received by confession 
and baptism. Three others are to be received later 

of liquor men in the city of Wash- 
ington declares that prohibition in the District of Co- 
lumbia would be tyranny, but when the drinker fills 
himself with vile liquor and proceeds to threaten the 
welfare of a community, that is wholly different. It 
is personal liberty. 

The Annual Bible Session of Juniata College, Hun- 
tingdon, Pa., opened Jan. 7 and continues until Jan. 
15. We publish the program in another column, re- 
gretting that it did not reach us in time for the last 
issue, so that ^mple notice might have been given to 
all desiring lo attend. 

Georgia has followed the example of Alabama, 
and prohibited liquor advertisements. An excellent 
plan. Let all prohibition States follow suit. In fact, 
there is no reason why any self-respecting journal 
should open its columns to any advertising of brewers 
and distillers whatever. 

Elsewhere in this issue we publish the program 
of the Bible Institute of McPherson College, Kans., 
in session from Jan. 16 to 23. Those within reach 
of this most comprehensive course of study, will miss 
a rare opportunity of mental and spiritual uplift, if 
they fail to make use of the invitation so freely ex- 

Wholly inadvertently, the name of Bro. T. F. 
Imler, Ridgely, Md., was omitted from the Minis- 
terial List of the Almanac for 1916, during the proc- 
ess of making the many readjustments and changes. 
This we regret. We suggest that our readers turn 
to page 42 of the Almanac and insert Bro. Imler's 
name and address at the proper place for future ref- 

mingled feelings of sadness and pleasant 
of a useful life, thousands of Messenger 
readers will learn of the death of "Aunt" Barbara 
Gish, of Roanoke, 111., founder of the Gish Fund. 
On the last day of the old year she passed over to the 
other side. Her funeral occurred Monday, Jan. 3. 
We shall publish soon a sketch of her life and service 

to the church. 

The committee on Simplifying our Church Organi- 
zation will meet at the Publishing House Jan. 26, and 
would be glad to receive suggestions from anyone 
relative to changes that could be made with profit, in 
caring for the work now in the hands of various com- 
mittees. Such suggestions should be sent promptly 
to the Chairman of the committee, Bro. G. W. Lentz, 
6238 Hughe Street, Kansas City, Mo. 

By a recent action of the Baugo church, Ind., the 
territory of that congregation was divided into two 
parts, — the north end retaining the original name, 
while the south end is to be known, hereafter, as 
Wakarusa. The newly-formed organization has al- 
ready entered upon the various congregational ac- 
tivities. There would seem to be excellent prospects 
for the future success of the two congregations, the 
field being ample for both. 

There has come to our desk recently a copy of the 
Eastern Cuba Times, a weekly newspaper, published 
at Omaja, Cuba. The paper contains an interesting 
write-up of the Bible Land lectures given at that place 
by Bro. D. L. Miller, showing how much these lec- 
tures were appreciated by the people. The author 
speaks in the highest terms of Bro. Miller and the lec- 
tures, and expresses his wish that every English- 
speaking person in Cuba might have had the pleasure 
of hearing them. 

Under date of Nov. 17, Bro. W. B. Stover writes 
from Pancbgani, India, where Sister Stover has been 
spending some time recuperating her health. She 
has been on the point of a nervous breakdown and 
needs the quiet which the mission home at Anklesvar 
can not give. She seemed better at the time of 
writing. All the faithful will unite in prayer to God 
for her speedy recovery. Bro. Stover remains most 
of the time at Anklesvar, making occasional visits to 
his wife at Panchgani. 


s is being laid, at times, by would-be 
defenders of the Word, upon the importance of having 
the Bible story agree with science, lest the accuracy 
of the Old Book be brought into question. It should 
be remembered, however, that the Sacred Record has 
survived all attacks hitherto made upon it, and will 
doubtless so continue. It still stands unchallenged. 

Next Saturday, Jan. 15, Bro. Andrew Hutchison, 
if Hying, will have completed his four score years of 
life. He is residing at Lordsburg, Cal., and is con- 
fined to his home, not by reason of his condition, but 
that he may assist in the care of his wife who is 
greatly afflicted. His long period of ministry among 
the churches of the Brotherhood has given Bro. 
Hutchison a very wide acquaintance of brethren and 
friends, all of whom, we are sure, will join in prayer 
to God that his grace may be found sufficient in this 
time of trial. 

Bro. B. F. Lightner, of Gettysburg, Pa., is spend- 
ing some months at Bartow, Fla., greatly enjoying the 
balmy clime of the Southland. He regrets, however, — 
in common with many others, — that the members, now 
sojourning in Florida, are scattering out too much 
over the State. He favors methods of settlement by 
which several really strong churches may serve as a 
nucleus of effectual and helpful influence for an ex- 
pansion of the work. While little is known about the 
doctrine of the Brethren in that State, it is, seemingly, 
a most promising field. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

Month. Baptized. 

October 1,011 

November 787 

The Accessions for 1915. 

Brief reference was made last week to the number of 
additions to the rlmrch which were reported through 
the Messenger d ng the year 1915, as tabulated by 
Bro. Edgar M. Hoffer, of Elizabethtown, Pa. The 
results of Bro. Hoffer's efforts, in collecting this in- 
formation and arranging it in convenient form, ap- 
pear in the subjoined table. Many readers will re- 
gret that Bro. Hoffer is not in a position to continue 
this work, involving, as it does, no little care and 
painstaking labor. Perhaps some one else will be 
moved by a desire to keep the record for the coming 

Month Baptized. 

January, 1,195 

February, 1,018 

March 8S6 

April 840 

JSJ :::::::::::: % 

Tuly' 491 

i.-jn, 36S Total baptized and re- 

Sep'embcV, ' ' 723 claimed 10,575 

This is an interesting and on the whole a most en- 
couraging report of our evangelistic work. It is the 
largest number of accessions ever reported for one 
year, a fact which is, of course, exactly as it should 
be. It is gratifying to know that white there is much 
in the world today, and in the conditions that sur- 
round us, that might tend to discourage us, the 
church has not gone backward in her great work of 
winning souls for the Kingdom. 

The number of baptisms reported last year was 
8,522, and the number reclaimed, 536. This makes 
the gain in accessions for 1915, over those for the 
year 1914, somewhat more than 1,500. This is cer- 
tainly ground for special praise to God. And yet it 
may be useful to note that this rate of increase has 
not equaled that for the preceding year. The num- 
ber of baptisms reported for 1913 was 6,500, so that 
the next year brought a gain of 2,000, as compared 
with 1,500, the increase for 1915. 

The lesson of the figures is that the church is grow- 
ing, and the rate of growth is enough to justify us in 
feeling greatly encouraged as we face the future. 
But it is not nearly what it should be, nor what it 
would be if we were as much interested in saving 
men and women as we are in living comfortably and 
even luxuriously. Nor is the increase what it would 
be if all of us loved human souls as much as some of 
us do. We wonder if there is not a strong tendency 
among us to feel that the work of soul-saving is to be 
turned over to a few men and women, to be done at 
special seasons only. 

We certainly do not intend to imply any disparage- 
ment of the work of the evangelist so-called. In the 
present state of affairs that work seems indispensable. 
But the very fact that it is necessary shows that 
the spiritual condition of the churches is by no means 
ideal. And we have become so accustomed to it that 
the fact does not disturb us. And that's the pity of 
it. The normal, healthy situation is that in which 
men, women and children are continually coming 
into the church, as the natural result of the usual ac- 
tivities and life of the membership. 

Why Is not this the actual situation? Why can we 
not make it so for 1916? Do you know that we can 
if we will really try? And what an interesting report, 
in that case, we shall have at the beginning of another 
year. It will read something like this : " And the Lord 
added to them day by day those that were being 
saved." _____^____— 

How Much Do We Believe in Peace? 

Two years ago preaching peace was a very popular 
pastime. We had been preaching it for two hundred 
years and it did feel good to pat ourselves upon the 
back, as we noted how, at last, the world was coming 
to our view. We had been among the pioneers on 
human slavery. And on the temperance issue, too, we 
had the pleasure of seeing the tide turning in our 
favor. And we were winning on another great moral 
question. What wonder if our self-elation grew until 
you could scarcely distinguish it from pride? 

But you have noticed, probably, that the world is 
not rushing to our standards with a bound, just now. 
And even our own America shows marked signs of 

weakening in the knees. What shall we do? Shall 
we let our enthusiasm for this prii *iple be chilled? 
Shall we shout for /peace only when everybody else 
is joining in the el.orus? Or shall we lift our voices 
now, when they are so sorely needed? Have you the 
faith and courage that can look beyond the present, 
the faith and courage that are born of the convic- 
tion that your cause is right and that, because it is 
right, it must ultimately win? 

It is disappointing, to lay the least, to find Breth- 
ren here and there who talk of this war-preparedness 
in apologetic phrases. A dear brother wrote the other 
day concerning it, substantially, if not exactly, in 
these words: " It does not concern me in the least. I 
pay my taxes, pray for peace, and trust in God." We 
esteem most highly the personal friendship of this 
brother and sincerely hope we shall not forfeit it, 
when we tell him frankly that his position is impos- 
sible. Many a Christian in the past has comforted 
himself with this theory and has tried to believe two 
contradictor)' things; that war is sometimes neces- 
sary, but that Christians must have no part in it. 
This is a doctrine that can not live in this day of en- 
larging vision of human brotherhood and of the 
Christian's obligations to his fellow-men. 

" It does not concern me " ? The brother did not 
realize the import of his words. Everything that af- 
fects the happiness of men concerns the Christian and 
especially anything that affects it so tremendously as 
war and war preparation. And what can it avail to 
" pray for peace " when one has not enough interest in 
it to work for the thing he prays for? True prayer 
is the expression of deep desire, and God will never 
believe that we really desire a thing unless we are 
doing everything in our power to secure it. 

No, we can not so lightly get rid of our responsi- 
bility. We are facing something of a dilemma, per- 
haps, but let us not play the coward. Let us face it 
like men, choose which horn of it we will take, and 
take it unreservedly. Either the nation should make 
ample preparation for the possibility of war, or it 
should not. If it should, it is because the well-being 
of humanity can best be served in this way. And if 
it be true that the interests of humanity can best be 
served by " preparedness," it is the duty of every 
Christian to support that policy with all his power. 
But if it is wrong for a Christian to support this " pre- 
paredness " program, it is so because that program 
is opposed to the highest interests of mankind, and 
should not be entered into by the nation. 

The Messenger does not hesitate to choose between 
these alternatives, and in so choosing, it believes that 
it faithfully represents the position of the church. 
We are absolutely and unalterably opposed to this 
proposed " preparedness," because we believe that 
America's opportunity to render an incalculable serv- 
ice to the world lies in not preparing and in not pre- 
tending to prepare to resist aggression by a foreign 
power. We must regard it as an eternal pity that so 
many do not see that the only danger of such aggres- 
sion lies in fostering the militaristic ideals which have 
wrought such disaster in the eastern world. But we 
do not shrink from following the logic of our position 
to its bitterest end. Granted even the utterly absurd 
and inconceivable possibility of subjection by a 
foreign power, far better that this risk be carried 
than that our country lose its chance to teach the 
world a lesson in international brotherhood. If that 
be treason, make the most of it. 

It is because we believe these things that we arc- 
opposed to war and to preparation for it. And we 
are in honor bound to do our utmost in support of 
our contention. We would make it plain ,to all men 
■that .we yield to none in devotion to the country's 
good. We make bold our claim to be the truest 
patriots, but we reserve the right to define patriotism 
in the light of our own consciences. We will give 
" our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor " in 
support of all worthy ideals in our national life, but 
we will not shoot down our fellow-men and call that 
defending these ideals, nor will we give our sons to be 
trained for such a purpose. 

Brethren, do we mean it ? Do we really stand for 
peace? And will we, if it costs something? A little 
money, a little hardship, a little Mood, maybe? What 

is a principle worth if it isn't worth defending to the 
last ditch? And if the country is bent on throwing 
away its chance to be the world's exponent of these 
high and Christian ideals, that is all the greater 
n.isim why the Church of the Brethren should brave- 
ly stand its ground. Can you do it? Will you when 
the pinch comes? 

And suppose, when the authorities come around 
and ask you to show just cause why you should not 
register for service in the greater army or the greater 
navy, or why your boy should not take the prescribed 
military training, and you begin to explain why, — 
suppose they say : " Why did not you folks tell us 
there were so many of you opposed to this program? " 
You would feel better, would you not, if you had let 
them know? You could state your case and hold 
your ground with better grace, could you not? 

Let them know today. Write your congressman 
and senators at once. Then phone your brother and 
neigbhoV and tell them to write. And in about an 
hour call them up again and ask if they have written 
yet. Then write your cousins and friends out west 
or hack cast, and tell them to write their congressman 
and senators ; also to call up their neighbors and get 
them to wrfe. And, brother, if you really mean to 
do it, why not do it now? 

Opening New Missions. 

Every now and then there is a request before the 
General Mission Board that new missions be opened, 
In some cases it is strongly urged. It is done by 
those who have only the interests of the Kingdom of 
God at heart. They see the need of the fields of the 
world, and feel that the Church of the Brethren 
ought to do more to relieve the need. This is on 
general principles. 

Then there are particular cases in which persons 
from foreign lands come under the influence of the 
church and her.schools in America, become converted 
and join the church. Later they return to their native 
land. They then think that the church in America 
ought to open a mission in their midst for the benefit 
of themselves, kinsmen and countrymen. The heart 
of the church is touched with their need and also 
with the opportunity, especially those who have been 
instrumental in helping them into the light, and so it 
is thought a new mission should be opened. And it 
is both natural and commendable that the church 
should feel such an interest. 

As to the General Mission Board, it feels the same 
interest, and. I think, feels it more keenly, because it 
is its duty to provide for such to the limit of its abil- 
ity. When the Mission Board is without interest, 
either on general grounds or in particular cases, such 
as the foregoing, and does not do its utmost in de- 
veloping the missionary interests of the church, then 
the Conference can not be too quick to find another 
Mission Board. Of course not. 

But now let us look at the situation. Let us know 
the facts. At present the Church of the Brethren has 
missions in Denmark, Sweden, China and India, with 
missionaries as follows: Denmark, 2; Sweden. 3; 
China, 17, 2 under appointment; India. 36, 3 under 
appointment. There is great need of more mission- 
aries in both China and India, especially men. Re- 
peated calls have been made for missionaries ; the 
schools have been visited time and again, in the in- 
tercut of prospective missionaries ; but so far the fields 
are not adequately manned ; far from it, in fact. 

Money spent in these fields last year,— the year 
ending with the last day of February: In Denmark. 
$2 824.75; Sweden, $3,725.60; China. $23,902.21; In- 
dia, $43,109.12; in all, $73,561.68, which is $12,826.48 
more than was spent in these fields for the previous 
year. There was $51,620.09 spent in the homeland _._ 
last year on District work, annuities, publications, ■_ 
general expense, etc. Total expenditure for the year j 
is $125,181.77. Total income for the year. $114,720- 
82. leaving a deficit of $10,460.95. In other words. ^ 
the Mission Board spent last year, in the interest of 
the work placed in its hands, $10,460.°5 morejhan it 
received. Though receipts increased $14,086.73 over i 
the preceding year, the expenditun 
$22.^03.64. and every dolla 

needed tn keep up 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

the work already begun. No new territory" was 
covered. And it is estimated that $140,000 will he 
needed for the current year, which is an increase of 
$15,000 over last year, and at the same time calls for 
Funds marked " absolutely necessary " have been de- 

These facts and figures enable us to sec the wisdom 
of opening new missions, or, rather, the want of 
wisdom. It is entirely out of the question at present. 
There are neither men nor money for other fields. 
Every available worker, and more, especially men, 
and every dollar at hand, and more, are absolutely 
needed for the fields we already occupy. The fact 
is, as the foregoing" figures show, there was not money 
enough given last year to support the work already 
begun. And it should be known that our missions 
in China, and India have reached the stage of growth, 
when their needs are multiplying at a rapid rate, and 
(his will continue for some years to come. 

If the means and workers were at hand,* the Mis- 
sion Board would rejoice to give its time and effort 
to open and develop missions in all needy lands. As 
ii is. with the limited resources made available, not 
many missions in foreign lands can be maintained. 
The Church of the Brethren, small as it is, can not 
hope to have missions in all needy lands, even if the 
church should go to the limit of her possibilities. 
And these facts only lay increased emphasis on the 
wisest use of the means at hand for missions. 

Il is the judgment of all who have had experience 
in building up foreign missions, so far as I know, and 
it is the result of my observations abroad, that it is 
much better to have a few well-equipped missions 
than a larger number of struggling missions, half-sup- 
ported ; not in position to do business. 

The point is well illustrated in our experience in 
building up schools. About forty years ago we began 
building up colleges. Without experience and knowl- 
edge of what building up a college means, we plunged 
into the business, and one of the first things we really 
knew, we had on our hands more colleges than we 
could lake care of. And that knowledge and condi- 
tion come down to the present time. Do we 
want to duplicate our experience "in building up col- 
leges in our mission work? It would be easy to do. 
And now is the time to begin, if you wish a repetition 
of the same undesirable condition. 

It is certain that the missions already begun will 
demand all the resources of the church for years to 
come, if their legitimate needs are supplied, and they 
are put in position to accomplish their purpose. 

Jacob and Rachel. 

Eating and digesting, reading and thinking,— the 
one follows the other as naturally as laboring and 
resting, and both are equally essential. 

For our daily devotions we have been reading the 

Book of Gene: 



teresting Bible characters. — good subject-matter for 
interesting thinking and study. None is more so, 
perhaps, than the family of Jacob. There is a vein 
of human quest, ingenuity, shrewdness and,— shall we 
add?— deception, that occasionally crops out in a way 
to puzzle and stagger us in determining their charac- 

Not because of their consanguinity, but because of 
a something that we seem unable to name or classify, 
we find ourselves adding to. or taking from, what we 
would like to call a good character. 

It is true, the family belongs to a class of Bible 
characters of good parentage. But this alone does 
not necessarily give them a select standing, morally or 

To begin with, we notice that Jacob did some things 
out of the ordinary and. as a result, he had some ex- 
periences that were also out of the commonplace. 
These cropping out. as they did. are the uncertain 
" sign-posts." by which we determine his character, of 
what sort it was. 

There seem to be two threads of thought and pur- 
pose that run throughout his life, that are opposites, 
and it is not easy to merge them so as to make a good 
mixture. The one is that of " scheming." the other 
that of " bigheartedness." They arc seemingly so 

evenly gauged that it is difficult to determine which is 
the longer or stronger. He is strong in love and dark 
in hate. At one time he is rightly called the captain 
of schemers, and again you find him head over heels 
in love. 

Tacob had an eye to beauty. Of course, that which 
we call beauty has many standards, so that what one 
calls beautiful, another may call quite commonplace. 
This is true of nature, — the hills, mountains, valleys, 
plains, streams, rivers, lakes, seas and oceans, birds, 
flowers, trees, stars, skies, clouds, sunsets, shades and 
shadows. But Jacob admired and loved pretty wom- 
en. It was Laban's beautiful daughter that he loved 
at first sight, at long sight and at last sight. At first 
sight, we are told, Jacob kissed Rachel, and lifted up 
his voice and wept. His heart was filled with love for 
her, so that in it he had no room for another. 

We are nowhere told that Leah was not comely, — 
that she was ugly or deformed in any way. It is 
said that she was " tender eyed." We may not know 
just what that may have meant. The word may have 
had a number of different interpretations and the real 
one may have been known only to Jacob. But that 
he loved Rachel, he gave ample proof. After an 
unwritten custom had forced upon him a wife whom 
he did not love, and for whom he served seven years, 
he was willing to serve the father another seven years 
to obtain the object of his love. This goes to show 
that he was in earnest and was willing to pay the 

Yes, when he found there was no way to " scheme " 
his purpose through, he had the love and grit to work 
it through. 

If we had more such Jacobs, we are very sure we 
would have fewer divorced and disappointed women 
and broken up homes. 

You may ask : What have you to say for Rachel ? 
We hardly know. Had we had the privilege of liv- 
ing in the home which she made for her husband, we 
might have written out some of the thoughts that 
might have occurred to us. But the sign-posts that 
remain of her married life are somewhat contradic- 
tory to what we would have them be, and therefore 
we have about concluded that she. too, lived a double- 
threaded life, and that, therefore, the two were well- 
mated in their married life. 

Just how much her beautiful face and enticing ways 
tended towards the happiness of their home, our his- 
torian does not say, but we can assume that, what- 
ever it was, it failed to add much character, strength, 
or happiness thereto. Such blessings too .seldom grow 
out of facial beauty alone. On the other hand, graces 
and favors. — so considered, — too often cause tempta- 
tions that lead to vanity, selfishness, and sin, so, 
probably, there is no real value in attractions of this 
kind. If Leah had tender eyes, and had not so at- 
tractive a face, she may have had a more liberal sup- 
ply of the home graces, which contribute more to- 
wards a.happy home than do the attractions of a pret- 
ty form and face, which lead to pride, envy, and 
things that are base and disappointing. 

Did you ever question why Rachel stole her father's 
gods? Well, that was one of the dark sign-posts that 
she erected. And, perhaps, the saddest thing, in order 
to cover up her folly, was the telling of a falsehood 
to deceive her father. 

How much happiness followed her home life after 
this, we do not know, but this much we do know, — 
she was permitted to give birth to only two children. 
Her beloved Ben Oni was horn on the homeward 
way, and at the cost of her own life, and, further, 
she was buried by the road leading out of the laffa 
Gate, towards Bethlehem. Jacob, to show the esti- 
mate he placed upon the life of his beloved Rachel, 
there built to her memory a monument of stone. This 
is still standing there, as a perpetual substantiation 
of this wonderful Bible narrative. Years ago. we had 
the pleasure of beholding it with our own eyes. 
Though erected thousands of years ago it is still pre- 


Truly these "handwritings of God" are seen al 
over this land in which Christ's earth-life was spent 

Well, " What became of the stolen gods or im 
ages?" you may ask. Go to the great oak neai 
Shechem, if still standing, and ask there. The answei 

would be: "At the command of God. they lie buried 
under the shadow of this tree, that they might be for- 
ever put out of my sight, because to both of us they 
proved a curse instead of a blessing." 

And. lastly. " What is the lesson to all of us? " A 
happy, peaceful and successful life is not made up or 
measured by our tastes, fancies, or what we are 
pleased to call, " The eternal fitness of things," as all 
mundane things are liable to get out of joint at times, 
and our short-sightedness snarls and crooks them to 
our hurt. Shrewdness and deception may carry a few 
points, and lose a dozen. But integrity, honesty, and 
a good conscience in all things, before men and God, 
means the acme of right-doing, and commands the 
approval of God from beginning to finish. 

The Question Drawer. 

1. Explain what is meant in 1 Cor. 3: 12-15.— E. M. K„ 

Paul was the first preacher of the Gospel at Cor- 
inth ; he had laid the foundation "which is Jesus 
Christ." Others had built on this foundation; that is, 
other men had gone to Corinth later, and had preached 
and taught and won adherents to the Christian faith. 
In so far as their work was good, that is, in so far 
as their teaching was in accordance with truth, and 
their converts were grounded in the faith of Christ, 
like the gold, silver and precious stones which can 
not be destroyed by fixe, that work would endure. In 
so far as it was not so, like the wood, hay and stubble 
which are easily consumed, it would perish in the test 

Such men, — granted, of course, that they were sin- 
cere lovers of the truth, but were in some respects 
in error, — might be saved, barely saved, though much 
of their work perished. Such a salvation would not 
be rich and full, like that of one whose work would 
" abide," for it would be without " reward." 

The "fire" of this passage is the symbol of every- 
thing in human experience, whether persecutions, 
temptations, or what not, — everything that tries men's 
souls and separates between the gold and the dr,oss 
in human character. 

2. Is there any danger in the borde 
ivorkl and the church in this fast age? 
.nnnsil.le?— F. E, R., Va. 



you get too close to it. unless you are 
in the act of crossing over from the world to the 
church. In that case, step over the line boldly and 
quickly, and hurry on away from it as fast and far as 
possible. This border-line is not at all dangerous in 
itself. It is, in fact, very necessary and useful, when 
it is distinct enough that people can see it. But it has 
deadly perils for the Christian who gets to playing 
near it, and gazing at the glitter on the other side. 

Everybody is responsible, first, for keeping him- 
self at a safe distance from that line, and then, for 
doing his best to keep others away from it. 






(b) A brother would like to know why it is that a 
presiding elder does practically all the work on love feast 
occasions, even announcing that the money should be 
paid to him, at the same time having a good corps of 
deacons.— D. H. B., Pa. 

The first question refers to the fact that in some 
churches the sisters hesitate to use the privilege now 
accorded them by the General Conference, — that of 
breaking to one another the bread of communion. 
The Messenger would be glad to encourage these 
sisters to make full use of their liberties in this re- 
gard. We believe the more fully each one participates 
in the sacred rite, the richer it will be in blessing to 
that one. Those in charge of communion services 
should give all possible encouragement to the sisters 
on this point, within the bounds of prudence. Mean- 
while, in this as in all things, let there be charity and 

As to the second question, we think the brother re- 
ferred to would better ask the elder concerned. He 
ought to know, if anybody does. Probably he has 
never learned that " it is better to put ten men to 
worir than to do the work of ten men." 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 


larly, Pe 

5or, Md.. 

ill ; J. S." Flory, Bridge- 
• Committee. — P. J. Blough, Chairman, HooverB- 
Moores Store, Va, 
loklyn, N. Y.;' D. Hays, Treasurer, Broadway. 

.; E; E. John, Treasurer. McPherson, Kans,; P. S. 

W. T^ear, Decatur, fii.. 1917; s! N.' McCnnn, Bridge- 


Annual Men tine Treasurer. 

" We convened in council Dec. 18, with our elder, Bro. 
J. E. Joseph, presiding. Officers were elected for the 
church, Sunday-school, and Christian Workers' Society. 
Bro. Joseph was reelected presiding: elder; Bro. L. D. 
Replogle. church clerk; Bro. F. R. Messamer, Messenger 
agent; the writer, correspondent. Bro. Replogle and Bro. 
E. E. Rilea were elected superintendents of the Sunday- 
school, with Bro. Silver Cummins, secretary and treas- 
urer. Sister Laura Eikenbcrry was chosen superintendent 
of the cradle roll, and the writer superintendent of the 
home department. Bro. Replogle is our chorister for all 
the services except Christian Workers' Society. Bro. T. 
R. Messamer is president of the Christian Workers' So- 
ciety, and Bro. John Reeves, chorister. We are planning 
to add to our churchy huitding next summer, preparatory 
to holding the District Meeting here next fall. We have a 
Bible Reading Society, each member of which pledges to 
read one chapter a day for a year. We meet and review 
when each book has been completed. We have about 
thirty members in this society. 

We now have three preaching points every Sunday. 
Bro. C. D. Reeves, a former resident of this place, but 
now of Pambrum, Canada, gave us two much appreciated 
sermons within the last two weeks, 

Nemadji, Minn., Dec. 20. Mrs. L. D. Replogle. 

committees by ballot and by the majority vote, which nc- 
ci cil ,-<-,n siik-rnhlc balloting. 

On Sunday morning. Dec. 26, we reorganized our Sun- 
day-school. We now have thirteen teachers, assistants. 
and all other necessary Sunday-school officers. The pri- 
mary classes were given a Christmas treat. Our elder 
then gave an instructive and impressive installation ad- 
dress, for the benefit of the newly-elected Sunday-school 
teachers and officers, in which he emphasized the im- 
portance of receiving the message, regardless of who may 
be the humble bearer of it. 

In the evening of the same day, the Missionary Commit- 
tee rendered a very acceptable program, after which Eld. 
J. F. Brubaker. of West Alexandria, gave a stirring mis- 
Jan. 9 we expect Bro. Hugh Miller, of the Oakland con- 
gregation, with ns, to assist in a series of meetings at 
this place. 

Within the bounds of the Trotwood congregation, at 
Stillwater Junction, is a Union churchhouse, where the 
Church of the Brethren has been holding regular Sunday 
evening services twice a month. These services are cared 
for by Bear Creek, Trotwood and Ft, McKinley, each tak- 
ing charge one year at a time. Trotwood took care of 
the service during 1915, Ft. McKinley will have charge 
during 1916. 

A few faithful brethren and sisters, assisted by members 

of other churches, arc conducting an interesting union 

Sunday-school at this place. May the Lord bless them 

and send more workers into his vineyardl 

Trotwood, Ohio, Dec. 28. Sarah E. Minnich. 


The Douglas Park Branch of the Chicago church met in 
council on the evening of Dec. 20. Because of sickness 
and other reasons, many members of our small congrega- 
tion were not present, but those in attendance proceeded 
with the work most enthusiastically. 

After the reports were given, the officers of the church 
were elected for another year. Sister Marie Jasper was 
chosen to continue her much-appreciated work as Sunday- 
school superintendent. 

From our pastor's report we learned that he has handed 
in his resignation, to take effect on or about April 1. It 
is with deep regret that we part with one so much r eded 
in our work here. He leaves us with our best wis! es, to 
go to the larger field to which he has been called. Vi e pray 
the blessing of our Heavenly Father upon him! 

By our associations in the work here we are constantly 
made to think of the injunction of the apostle Paul, "It is 

■ !.!,■ 

: than 


... __r great Brotherhood, those that are ever mak- 
ing possible the carrying on of some of the agencies for 
good, without even knowing the glad hearts they are thus 
able to make. If the good mothers could only see the 
brightened countenances, because of the new clothing, and 
the good things they sent to cat, they might, very large- 
ly, experience the truth of Matt. 25: 40. Since this is im- 
possible to many, we trust that God is giving them a spir- 
itual realization of the reward of well-doing. 
Chicago, TU„ Dec. 27. Geo. E. Stern. 

The church at this place met in members' meeting on 
Wednesday evening, Dec. 22, with our elder, Bro. D. M. 
Garver, presiding. Officers were elected for the ensuing 
year in all the different branches of church work. Bro. 
Thomas. Karns was reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. One was received into the church upon his pro- 
fessed faith in Christ, having been previously baptized by 
trine immersion. We very much appreciated the pres- 
ence and assistance of Eld. J. W. Beeghly, of Bear Creek, 
Eld. A. L. Klepinger, of Ft. McKinley. Bro. H. L. Clop- 
pert, of Lower Stillwater, and several deacons from ad- 
joining congregations. We elected all our officers and 


forour people, if we can only reach out and hold the in- 
lluence for the church. 

We have decided to build a Brethren church here, just 
as soon as possible, as we believe this will be one of the 
best means of holding and bringing to our church son 
of the best men and women in our community. Our pres- 
ent house of worship is only a small schoolhouse, which 
will not accommodate near all the people. The roof is 
so bad that, in case of hard rains, we can not hold serv- 
ices at all. 

As a saw-mill is within one mile of the lot where we 
want to build our church, and as much good timber ts 
owned by the Brethren and the building committee, pros- 
pects are good for the building of a churchhouse at this 
time and place. Tt is absolutely Impossible to handle our 
Sunday-school and preaching services longer than spring 
in our little house. Some of the best men of the com- 
munity are interested in .the Brethren. They offer to 
give as much as any of the members. I feel that these 
men should be given an opportunity. We have already 
appointed a building committee to take up the work. 

This point belongs to the Old Chestnut Grove church, 
in Fayette County, W. Va., with Bro. J. M. Crouse as 
pastor in charge, There is a second house in this con- 
gregation, known as the Pleasant View house, which is 
a stronghold, with quite a number of working members, 
and presided over by Bro. J. S. Zigler. Bro. Crouse is 
the oldest minister in the Old Chestnut Grove church, un- 
der the general supervision of Eld. P. S. Miller, of Roa- 
noke City, Va. This old church was once the home of 
such brethren as Andrew Hutchison, J. S. Flory, Samuel 
Riner, G. W. Crouse, and others, who labored faithfully. 
Clifty, W. Va., Dec. 5. Mary Crist. 

We held our Thanksgiving service here in town, and 
the members did not forget the needs of the General 
Mission Board as well as those of the District Missionary 
Board. Today we held our first council since our organi- 
zation last August. All officers of the Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' Meeting were reelected, as well as 
the church officers, including the elder in charge. .Bro. 
S. S. Scrogum was elected assistant superintendent of the 
Sunday-school to fill a vacancy, and Bro. Ira Scrogum, 
Sisters Olive Arnold and Marie Sadler were elected on 
the Temperance Committee, to serve three years, two 
years and one year, respectively. We decided to elect a 
minister in the near future, the writer being the only min- 
ister in this church, embracing over twelve hundred square 
miles of territory. We are glad that Bro. C. P. Rowland, 
of Lanark, Til., is to hold forth the Word of Life at Walk- 
erville. We bid him Godspeed in his efforts to build up 
the kingdom of truth. We could use -several more min- 
isters here at Hart. Even a half dozen or more would 
not be too many if they were tjue to the cause. 

T attended preaching services in a popular church, not 
long since, and the preacher used for his subject, "The 
Chicago American." He dwelt learnedly on cheap jour- 
nalism in general, and the above-named publication in 
particular, and pave us some important (?) truths how 
these cheap papers are thrown into the gutter with other 
filth, and then collected and made into pie dishes! He 
showed the audience some select pictures from the 
"American" and gave us some rich soul food by ex- 
nlaining what they intended to teach. T returned home, 
wondering how many sermons (?) like that it would re- 
quire to bring one soul to Christ.— how many? 

Although our membership here is quite small, yet each 
one is a live wire. A better set of workers I never saw 
anywhere. They seem to manifest the Spirit of Christ to 
those outside of the fold, as well as to those of "like pre- 
cious faith with us." Our members attend every service 
so regularly, that people here get the idea that we have 
a law compelling them to attend. I tell them that we 
have no such law hut that attendance is a good index 

nf the 


Hart, Mich., De 



Bro. J. M. Crouse, of Fayetteville, W. Va., came to us 
Nov 27, to hold a scries of meetings. We had, in all. 
thirtv-three meetings, with much visiting in the homes of 
nearly all the community. There was specially good work 
done by visits in the homes of the aged, who greatly ap- 
preciated Bro. Crouse's Bible readings and prayers. All 
the meetings were well attended. Our little house of 
worship was full to overflowing. Many were standing at 
the windows in the rain and cold, anxious to hear the 
good singing and preaching. The Methodist people came 
night and day, and were willing to do everything Bro. 
Crouse asked them to do. We had some very interestmg 
Bible work in connection with the services. 

The school near the little church dismissed every day 
at eleven o'clock, the teacher and children thus getting 
the advantage of all the services. Bro. Crouse took great 
interest in the children, having them memorize Scrip- 
ture verses, and asking them many Bible questions. This 
was much enjoyed by all. 

Bro Crouse has consented to take charge of the work 
here for a year. His manner of work will soon build up 
a permanent and strong church here. The opposition has 
been very great, but this meeting has worked wonders 

Nov. 20 the writer and his wife drove twenty miles 
across the country on a blustery winter day, to attend a 
Sunday-school Convention of the Perth, Cando, Zion and 
York congregations, the day following. The place of the 
meeting was at York. Threo of the above schools were 




Because of the cold winter weather, the attendance was 
small, but the interest was very good throughout the meet- 
ing. The writer was chosen as Moderator. As Nov. 21 
was Foreign Missionary Sunday, a splendid thought was 
given, at the opening of the meeting, that the Sunday- 
school is one of the greatest missionary factors in the 
church, as here the missionary spirit is fostered in the 
young, and because here they are trained to be mission- 
aries for Christ. 

Bro. D. M. Shorb gave a splendid address to the chil- 
dren, using the clock as an object lesson. 

Bro. J. W. Fttz gave some splendid thoughts on the 
minister's duty to the Sunday-school,— that he should be 
a leader, and cooperate with the rest of the workers. 

A number of good thoughts were brought out on the 
responsibility and duty f the superintendent and teacher. 

The topic. "How ' -n We Reach the Men of the Com- 
munity That Are Not Interested in the Sunday-school?" 
created considerable interest. One good answer suggested 
the organizing of adult Bible classes. The Round Table. 
conducted by the writer, proved interesting and helpful. 

The meeting decided to hold its next convention July 4, 

On Thanksgiving Day the writer and his wife made a 
journey of over a hundred miles by rail, to Minot, N. Dak., 
to attend a Sunday-school and Temperance Convention of 
the Kenmare, Berthold. Surrey and Minot congregations, 
the day following. Bro. G. I- Michael was chosen as 
Moderator, and the writer as Secretary for the day. 

Bro. D. F. Landis gave a brief address nf welcome, 
which was responded to by Bro. D. T. Dierdorff. Splen- 
did thoughts were given by able speakers on such topics 
as "Best Methods of Conducting the Sunday-school." 
"How to Keep Out of Ruts," "The Teacher's Prepara- 
tion and Method of Teaching." " The Responsibility of the 
Parents to the Sunday-school." 

Miss Dickenson, secretary of the Ward County Sunday- 
school Association, gave us a splendid address on Sunday- 
school work. She especially emphasized the need of hav- 

ducted the Round Table work. Dinner was served in the 
church during the noon intermission. 

At the beginning of the afternoon session, the primary 
teachers of the different schools gave short talks to the 
, hildren. The primary scholars of the Minot Sunday- 
school gave a short but inspiring program. The following 
topics on Temperance were ably discussed: "How May 
We Increase the Moral Support of the Prohibition Law?" 
"Which Are the Most Injurious— Cigarettes or Intoxi- 
cants?" "Our Part in Securing a Constitutional Amend- 
ment to Prohibit the Manufacture, Transportation and 
Sale of Intoxicating Liquors." 

The meeting selected a committee of three to petition 
the Governor of North Dakota to see that the law pro- 
hibiting the sale of intoxicants and cigarettes be compl.ed 


ting decided to hold thi 
home richly blessed for the good 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

t these conventions, and wc also (eel our responsibility 
greater than ever in serving Christ in the Sunday-school 
VO rV, Marvin Kensingcr, 

District Sunday-school Secretary. 
Zion, V Dak., Dec 13. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

: of over Stir. was rc|»oi ted , ami, 10 pi to tl,. : - .Mi 

school Hi rough 
a treat was glv 

i, for- 


rs, Margaret TJudte and Murl 

' were 

cMe'.l t 

have our Christian Workers' 




enjoyed a short program, whi 
rter which Bro. Dooklngbill. 


ilual dH.cmrs,- hv on 
WnJranwn — The members of the Bango congregation, at a Yale. -In response to an appeal from the District Sunday- Qrand Rapids.— Oiir 

he District 

e Regular ^las^ eo 


n'amountea tc 

S1.7S an.| 

j dav 


IOWA. ba d tif i \ r R i 1 i " c ^os ^[ tr ^ ent Br Br ^ 

ises of bail colds and Rrippe just now. The voung !),<- \i i'"" - ;i\ v.',r 'nil' ' Vn'rr l" 'i "n '] ' ' ' l" i'i ,'i! Hv "in i ■ ' .'i ['"iV- , ,', ' >! 

;<v r, ChrNlin.-is proi-nttn on Sutid.iv 1 >e. "0 whirl, wnH wll.'l. )' w , - ' II l' i' V r, ■' - i'i ' ■■ w 1 1 ,' n iri.wi,," 

■ tty enjoyed. Today we took up a special ro'llertlon mo -| corn- ■ .V.-,, wen' ,',',■, i'-,.,l ,i i - , «ii ■ i',','i ■■■ '. 'l \ I. 'i i'. r -•'.' I, !.,-,! ), ■, - ,Vi 

tin. I,-.:, -■-■(, onl, lo l-,.. used for the poor. Affl, , rs were ].-,-, llr ,,,,.] ". - 1 =, !■,=.« ,] "i.'v ',]',.'., ,\'" ',.{'.'",.„ ' r,'!|.i 'V.'.'i .■ ml tli re'., n - hnpe'lt win Voi 

' Society.— Belle Ruth, i;,,,,,,) ' J „,,'.' ik.n." In,.',' ' I v'." S''.m,']'!. ' h'u'r.l 'I,', 01 'n'!'!*'^ d ' ' ' Rrn "vj7e -'/ 'p','- "his'Tr'.'' n"ir -!'-r '-t'i ' i " " ih.'t '' 

faltliful superintendent. He has laboftert. h«rd for the interest Pwvfciy night i 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

Shelby County Imr.ti eli.ioyeil :!,.. privilege ot ILstrutne to li inell I nr/ III- MiMr. 
,riil in.nioe i, ii No- t.irih <>f ( ,im Hlr-se^ Sovlor, All present Fletwnut VnUoy \ 



with Bro. E. B. Bagwell 

NEW YORK. !'™i„i"S 



,..«- I 


tlan Workers' 


:;; • 


. Missouri — $342.87. 

becca Mays, 13; 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 

ruinolB — 85.5 


. Canada — 31.50. J. W. Priser and born^slx daughters and four sons. One daughter preceded 

(1. Oregon — 81. E. R. Wlmer, 51. Missouri — so. 50. 

i.,r! s : :v 

. Virginia — SS. 

Washington — S30. Seattle, Chinese Sunday-school. 539. To- i7y.ll K{\;i M ' M.iuelV. I."[h'(Md' 111" ** *"" 

io far (79 Chroniater, Bro. Moses A., horn Aug-. 7, 1SS2, died Nov. 26, 

Ohio-^33.35. D. B- Pny.w, s, ,■ « -,T,k $! C>0; Proceeds fS'was'due^oa' compllcatlon^'dLaC^ H^wal^ v^ry 

Ohio — 31. assisted by Eld. Daniel Bowsi 

cago (marriage notice*. f>n cent- , Bid. A c, Wieaml, Chi- Pennsylvania — Sl.75. Mis. A. Mary Brown, SI 

Pennsylvania— 3162.57. J l'"^'\ i V\ ; 1 '' ',' "l* ']'."' i k - 'J^'i, H " 1> " CHINA HOSPITAL. hav""reshled' sinec' ^ i'n'"^;i/'-Im'° 

Second South Bend Christian Workers, lived CsHlliful until death. Servi 

1 Sister IT. E. Foust, $G. Michigan — SS. wrii.pi-, assisted i.y Bro. James Hi 

rohm, $Ti. Pennsylvania— $2. Sister J. C. ferment at tlie near by cemetery.- 

ili'Vimri ' Jl""S i':'>' iVi.i. l;..' If p" - '-.'■■■. I- 11/ ■ 1 1 ill '■' nreen- Vlrfrinln— S2.D0. Willi,,- \V.,, I;,., .-■ P. S i'l:i^. Tl ml"-, ville. ^'"' „ '.",.,/ ,„.,..; ' n| f , ' , V.'J^i , mon ™ s ^ 1; 

ji>.: 1 ."" caliroraia^si'll.oo. J. s. n rower, i,',,,!!, v.',-i : Estate SEATTLE CSUaCHHOnSE. pliontTon ot"\i*^i'x. M SomJ\ime^revlo'u^t t o S iie : r r0 dea 

— 3106.65. Falrvl^v, $.t r .. ■:.:, : M rs. Mai; t 'l.- I'.h,-l;. --. K.irvlow. T,l u.i 1 1, ■■',„.>„( ll. -J',; pr.,\' ioii-lv received"' $'N iVjr, ;' for of lVn, Vim.,',', Kike'.' who pi ,r,,l!.!l' ' \u-l ' about ^irteen 

■'■ ■ M ''. ,llr - '; : - ^'•i''. ;:! - H"«ti r, t f : , "[:- i . !:, v 7 ' r,l1: ^T-" i'.'« ',* "nu' "^ yCOr S ° fal "' * a3r,i2r '' To this union were hmn n,,,., .or,^ :,ml four daughten 

Kansas — S97.35. N'nrih Snloinnn, ? 1 7 .x >"■ ; Sarah llortfng, $6; of the Brethren fur over eighteen ■■. n-- ^ervico- ■,. the Chide 

lesslo Bell finer 0,k J1- Ovorhrnnk Jlili'7* \jipnnooac India*"* «* Afuni^ nw lor, w n pir Dr <. r.i^v p roD ir .... 

$11.07; Sabe'tha, $11: R.'a" Ynder, SaheilV (marring notice)! »*■ Or» 

V\ IOW frT S ^:,. '"'!",''"'; u'-'n":. P v M w'T'xV"- 1 T-"".' 1 ^ Indiana— SS. Brctfr. 

>y, 60 cants; I. E 


r 1 - 



minola— $433. J. D. Lahman- 

tensen, Vlrden, $3; A Sister, $10. 1 

ennsylvania — S33.35. Spring * 

Creek. $20; Zleglers S. S., SC.35 

lo — 848.84. Fos 

;;;;;■„ ■; 

!! Mr- 

Brown, $4; Mrs. C. H. Balshaugh, 
Olilo — $37.19. Mr. and Mrs. N. A. 

Poh,n!'lf Soga^ Cn2k T 't£'- O 

$l; Sugar Hill. 



\\^ I R Ef' i :.k" C K i n r M Ts : H t ' 3 S. ? 

lalfant. M. California — S25. p 

Iowa— ^16. Cedar Rapids. d 

li.K-kineham and wife, 

Maryland — S5. Chas. F. Mil 

Canada — S3. J. W. Priser ai 

Virginia^ — S3. Solomon Fike, $-. Oregon — 30.6 

Canada — S3, 

jhea In Denmark. $3- West Virginia — S3. S 

JK.Sl. ' Minnesota— 633.00. Minneapolis. $21 

n. Warren Shook, Mlnnoapollp (marriage notice), Jl; Un- eeivea. wtis.oy 

known, $2. Florida — S15. Hlddletiurgr, fl">. Idaho— 315. Boise a 

her, JS. Michigan— S4. 05, Pupae Ri.l^,-. •:\«r.; I. W. 1'antman, MiBBOuri— $5. 

Pennsylvania — S247.1 

Illinois— 3a 64. 



3. 1S30, at 

B. Hoffman 


--four, he a 

e s%sm 


who" wltnT 

a Lyflla Mil- 

Missouri — S0.50. 

May-Beld.— By the undersig 


EtSh'ir 1 '!;' BryaM^GrS' J 


ley, S'Jii; 

Olsen-Pansler.^By the unde 


Class. Pipe Creek, *7New Mexico— 33. Tesso S. S. nshlne. "eomon, aoo taxia Avenue a., j> 

J5._ Total for the month. $118.68; previously received, si,- Price-Snyder.— By the undersl 

indla boarding school. £ rl $? fin ' 1 B « r tha WTay Snyder, 

Ridgely, $83.69; N'orrlstown. $fi. n. Virginia — 825. Beed-Sheaffer.— By the under* 

orkerB- S. S. Class, Mill Creek. J25. California— woo(1 - HI.. Dec. 22, 1916, Bro. t 

817.50. Oak Gro_ve Christian Workers, jr.; Egan Christian Iow:h, and E1U B. Sheaffer, of Cf 

SO; previously Swartz-Reasy. — By the underf 

vali CHurchhouse, INDIA. and Sister Eva M. Reasy, both 

,8 gall stones. 
Pennsylvania^ — 848.80. Easlon. J7.13; Falrvlew, S4.91; Golds- 
Mitch ell vl lie, of" 
rilinolE — 813.5 

n" Of Morrill. Kans.— .T. "Edwin danght.-, pro-ed.-.l her In dealt, more ihn 

Street, Lincoln. Nebr. and her husband more than fifty years f 

eek. $5.80. Total for I . mon ' with whom she hai 

$67.34; for the ya 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 



™ew I 1 " 

— D. E. Cr 

'"': the lffl 

ter of H 

1*1 ne s „, 
UT .f the"' 
',.rd Ml, 

";''k.ii, ],.■;; 


,,- WiDey, SlsN-r'siuvh, n'.- '""",11, wife o 

" K l>orn Oct. fi. IS 13. .lle.1 n«r. imp >15. agert 7 

h,.r r.-iv. lins w-r.^ !:■ 1.1 tn n-,. ,ir ""■ — ""-'-i 

;H,.V\\'m Zinii.wm'ni. V.'r ' I ol>l -rt.l w"n'. ~p!,'.- 
McAIIsterville, Pa, 


Nelson's Explanatory Testament! 



1 Ik Master Mind of a Child of Slavery. 
By Frederick E. Drinker. 

itrongest, Most Appealing Life-Story of a Generation. A biographical tale which is 
l- in history and furnish an inspiration for the boys and youth of the country for 

The Great Leader of a Rising Race 

No h 

ante should be without 

this s 


f a man who 

c life 


ments an 

d struggles arc interw 



the history 

f the 


from the 

days of slavery. 


scly illustrated, hands 



]d and prin 

ted or 


paper. Contains 350 pages. It 

is a v 


that ought 

o be i 

i every 

library an 

d in every home — and i 



Memorial Edition. 



nk and Gold Sides and 



y Edition. Half Leather Bi 


Gold Lctte 

ing Side and 


re a real 

live iuicttl and desir 

to h 




us. We have a 

Very Attractive Proposition 

who mean business. Write today and be FIRST in the field. 


The Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1916. 


Opening Now M^slons tH. C. E.) 2 

Jacob nnd Rachel (H. B. B.), 1 

The Question Drawer 

Our Relation to Others. By J. H. Moore 1 

'•Credlvlty." By Geo. F. Chemberlen 1 

The Old nnd the New. By Amos H. Haines 1 

Positive Preaching. By D. W. Kurtz 1 

Bait, Middle nnd Weal By Onlen B. Rover 1 

A Full House. By J. F. Gmyhlll 2 

Personally Taught by the I„ord. By Albert C. Wlennd, 2 

Bible Readings.— I. J. Rosenberg*!-. Side Lights — 
F. F. HoIsoppIp- Glimpses.— Ezra Flory. A Blue Day 
Remedy.— onu, K.irn. - Fishers of Men."— J. F. Gray- 
Home and Family,— 

The Little Church Over the Wny <Poem). — Jas A. 
Sell. The Blossoms That Were Never Anything but 
Blossoms. — Elizabeth D. Rosenberger 2 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

White Oak, — Nov. 28 we closed a very interesting and in 
spiring series of meetings nt the Longenocker house, con 

large attendance and Rood attention. It was a spiritual up 

York.— Our 'fourth n-.atlerly Sunday-School Institute wa 
held Nov. It). The subject was " Christian Workers' Work. 

Tt was discussed l.y r. imtr i o( l.ivt hivn, nnd many interest 

ive. On the of Nov. ?).' MMviVa. Jacobs, fror 
Wnynesboro, preached for us. We were glad (o have hir 

come home. Sunday morning, Dec. 19, Dr. O. H. Teremai 
Holsopple, of ITarrlsburg, to give us a talk on temperance 

our last report, one brother was received Into the church b; 

. Thompse 


envelopes. On the following Saturday, Nov. 27, 

Sunday. We 


ly helped, and 

2fi, the Sundnv-sr-hool childrc-n 

gram, which was enjoved In 

Oakley churoh met In councl 

granted and three were recei 1 

3d by let! 

on Joint Christian Workers' Meeting. 

he right to nppolni 

read and npproved. It was ■ 
sf Sister Ida Buckingham fc. 

IiO transport church met In 
if the various departments 
ile Rhyan; chorister, Dora 

lllinn l:m, 1 < l:< lliilford; ■ \-:iiif,-il - 
tan*. Our elder w 

nehauffh, presid 

consists of Brethren Willia 
also was appointed, and we t: 


A shipment of the Riggle-Kesler debate is ■ 


They will be 

tiled ; 

mi Hie 

ion of the 

ebate, was 

n which the prepa 
manuscript and the publication of the abovi 
handled, I am, in many instances, placed a: 
tage in the makeup of the book, therefore I do not care 
to take any more orders for it. 

The publication of the KesIer-EUmore debate is being 
pushed by the. printers as rapidly as possible, and it will 
be mailed as soon as published. You need not expect, 
however, to receive both books at once. 

Let us have your order for the Kesler-Ellmore debate, 
$1.50, prepaid. B. E. Kesler. 

Puxico, Mo. . . 

s stirring 

Pleasant Valley. — The Grottoes 
Sunday, Dec. 26. at 11 A. M., hy 

u-i i 


I am glad that Ero. '. 
question of "War" has j 
t Inn king. 

Suggestions are pouring in upon your Chairman of the 
Peace Committee from all parts of the Brotherhood. We 
are ready for you. Give us anything that is safe, sane and 
sensible, for our petition to President Wilson. 

We want suggestions that would make war impossible, 
and relieve nations not only of the curse of war, but also 
of the burden of armed peace. When this was is over, 
one of two things will happen, and it is up to the Church 
of Christ to make the right thing happen. All lovers of 
peace would like to see our country, as well as others, 
seek for a plan which will produce a basis for lasting 



If the church can not get a hearing to this end 

the wj 

r spirit will continue to predominate, and nation 

wilt p 

epare for another great war, even the "war o 


Under the " guise of preparedness " they wi 

ainly to inflict revenge, and make a desperate ef 

fort at 

more world power. 


Peace Committee is a creation of Annual Con 


(sec Official Directory in each Gospel Messen 

ger), a 

nd if you have a good thought and wish to aid i 

our w 

rk for the church as a whole, whom we rcpresen 

in this 

official capacity, please let us hear from you a 

Chairman, J. Kurtz Miller, 664 Forty-fourth St.. Brooklyn, 

N. Y. 
Treasurer, D. Hays, Broadway, Va. 
Secretary, C. A. Wright, North Manchester, Ind. 




Bro. Earl Sbeplei 

?er. Two letter* 
' or meetings for i 


-:■-:-;-:- •-:-:-:-:-:-: -:- HXTOXiaceaac j t 



will find that i. fills; a great "«d '» assisting 
the adult teacher to make each lesson instruc- 
tive, interesting, and fascinating. 

will find their ne 
suggestion, ilhut 
students, memo 
workers and young people s sc 
TARBELL'S invaluable. 

will find the prohlei/' of boys 

icet with a wealth of 
de-lights, etc. Senior 
Home Departments, 
e's societies will find 

vided for with If'P'i and suggestion 
fully supplied to S" ten the burden. 


will find this yeap wriumc especially 
abounding in irformation, sidelights, 


suggestions, novo 1 ' an<[ interesting idea 
Almost 500 pagef. 8v(k, illustrated. 



' b om the 

Twentieth Ce. 'tir; y New Testament 

A translatioi "nto modern English. 

Made from the c ,'«insil Greek (Westcott and 
Hort's Text),^ by : "con tpany of about twenty 
scholars repro'entin ' the various sections of the 
Christian Chu.'li. 

This little vij-um contains only the Acts of 
the Apostles in "0 'ER N ENGLISH. It neith- 
er " adds to " no*V'. lkcs away from " the Word. 
Very convenient V rea ding the Sunday-school 

Price, single copitlu ■ • 7c each 

Price, in dozen lo'° 6c eac h 

Price, in hundred l0 Sc eacn 


. pocket r 


. spiritual account book. 

TfVhat It VUl Do 


imo i o i omomo i ooaccoaot 


The Gospel Messenger 


Elgin, HI., January 15, 1916. 


Alfkol t 



Too oftc 
>les, for i 


Tuskegee's New Principal. 
Some weeks ago we noted the decease of Booker T. 
Washington, the well-known negro educator, and far- 
famed as the efficient head of the Institute at Tuskegee, 
Ala. The trustees have selected Major R. Moton, a teach- 
er in Hampton Institute in Virginia, as the successor of 
Mr. Washington. _ The remarkable ease with which he is 
adapting himself to the strenuous demands of his position, 
would seem to indicate that the choice made has been a 
most appropriate one. Favored with a splendid physique, 
he is well fitted to cope with the exigencies that are sure 
to confront him. As a man of Southern birth, he is deeply 
interested in the future of the negro, and we are assured 
that lie will do his very best to work out the various 
problems, conducive to the uplift of his race. 

isly resent any assistance proffered 
by church workers, even though their testimony and co- 
operation might aid in the more thorough enforcement of 
the law. Truly, (he "heathen Chinese," may, in many 
ways, well serve as an example of better judgment than 
is often shown by their colleagues in the supposedly more 
enlightened United States. 


The Wily Liquor Men. 
lilc the better elements in the State of Pennsylvania 
wholly intent upon securing candidates whose attitud< 
ards local option and prohibition is unquestioned, tin 

usly ; 


Why Not Attack a Real Foe? 
Just now, while the great metropolitan dailies are trying 
their very best to promote "preparedness" for war on 
an imaginary foe from without, one is made to wonder 
whether a far better purpose might not be served were 
they to expend an equal amount of energy in a light 
against the liquor traffic. The reason for their attitude, 
however, is obvious. The propaganda for greater mili- 
tary efficiency is backed by powerful interests, with over- 
whelming influence, while the campaign against King 
Alcohol, — well justified as the papers acknowledge it to. 
be,— offers but meager returns, financially, to its advo- 
cates. America's greatest foe today is the liquor traffic, 
and the battle against that strongly-intrenched foe is well 
worthy of the united and never-ceasing effort of every 
lover of righteousness. 

Juvenile Lawlessness. 
One of the most striking as well as deplorable revela- 
tions, recently brought out by trials in the Juvenile Court 
of Chicago, is the fact that lawlessness among mere boys 
is increasing as never before experienced. Boys, four- 
teen to eighteen years of age, are found guilty of the 
most heinous crimes, having absolutely no regard for the 
sanctity of human life. One of the judges, in tracing 
the criminal career of a youthful desperado, was aston- 
ished to learn that he had had apparently no home train- 
ing whatever, but that the vile environments of a low- 
grade saloon had done their worst to ruin his moral per- 
ceptions and make him an avowed enemy of law and 
order. What a lesson of warning there is in such a life 
of sin, and how it should spur us on to greater efforts in 
the rescue of the transgressor! 

China's Situation Not Wholly Reassuring. 
Whether the Chinese Emperor will succeed in keeping 
all sections of his vast domain under perfect control, only 
the future will reveal. Under date of Jan. 7 an attack 
upon the Chinese custom house on the boundary of 
Koonloon, opposite the island of Hongkong, is reported 
tp have been made by alleged "revolutionaries," who ap- 
propriated the entire funds and other articles of value. 
Considerable anxiety is felt concerning this matter, be- 
cause Government troops are said to have been won 
over by the rebels. From Shanghai comes the report 
that Christian missionaries in the province of Szcchuen 
have been advised to withdraw from interior stations. 
Further inquiries, however, seem to indicate that in other 
section:, the Emperor is fully able to cope with the situ- 
ation, and that no further anxiety need be felt regarding 
the safety of missionaries. 

Enlisting the Aid of Missionaries. 
Quite often one is really surprised to note the con- 
scientious care with which a heathen magistrate discharg- 
es the duties of his office, and how, in the attempt to 
live up to all legal requirements most effectually, he is 
not ashamed to solicit the help of Christian missionaries. 
Lau Ing-ceng, an anti-opium commissioner in South 
China, requested the cooperation of the missionaries in 
his district, to help him stamp out the growing of the 
poppy plant, as directed by law. He admitted his in- 
ability to do the work, unassisted by the moral influence 
of the missionaries, which, as he gratefully admitted, had 
proved its worth on previous occasions. It is needless to 
say that he was assured of the cooperation asked for. 
Upon noting the incident, referred to above, we were 
made to wonder why public officials in our own favored 
land fail to recognize, in the proper use of religious in- 
fluences, a like possibility" of obtaining assistance towards 

Another Charge Against Liquor. 
Riot ruled supreme in Youngstown, Ohio, on the even- 
ing of Jan. 7, simply because 6,000 men, crazed by liquor, 
entered upon a work of destruction. About a week before, 
employes of the Republic Iron and Steel Company went 
on a strike, quickly followed by employes of the Youngs- 
town Sheet and Tube Company and the Brier Hill 
Steel Company. The strike was called because of a re- 
fusal of the respective companies to grant an increase of 
wages, demanded by the workers. Instead of awaiting a 
rational and sensible adjustment of the differences at is- 
sue, the strikers rushed to the saloons and, with the 
wildest passions aroused by the vile liquor consumed, 
entered upon a work of destruction that was only checked 
when militia appeared upon the scene. As a most em- 
phatic verification of the oft-reiterated saying that 
" reason leaves when whiskey enters," the Youngstown 
riot tells its own story. 

Latest Developments. 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 11) the event of chief 
magnitude appears to be the final and complete evacuation 
of the Gallipoli peninsula by the Allies. In the attempt, 
ultimately to gain possession of Constantinople, the allied 
forces had succeeded in securing a slight foothold at 
Seddul Bahr and Teke Burnu, early in 1915. The vast 
sum of $1,250,000,000,— not including losses in warships 
and trading craft, — was spent in this apparently wholly 
unsuccessful attempt. More than 100,000 lives were sac- 
rificed. So confident, however, were the entente powers 
of the early fall of Constantinople, that since April more 
than 1,000 civil officials were held in readiness, to assume 
charge of affairs in the city. In latest reports Russia 
claims slight advances on the eastern battle line. In 
Mesopotamia, however, the Turks appear to have made 
important gains in checking the advance of the British. 
Thus the great struggle continues, and the lover of peace 
can but exclaim: "How long, O Lord, how long?" 

A Revival of Giving. 
It is reported that a prince from the island of Madagas- 
car recently made a special trip to London, England, to 
entreat the mission authorities of that great metropolis to 
send two hundred missionaries to his people, After a 
close examination of available resources, he was told that 
but two missionaries could be given him, the supply be- 
ing insufficient to send a larger number. The experience 
just alluded to is practically duplicated in other mission- 
ary enterprises. Lack of means causes the various boards 
to retrench, when, according to every law of reason, and 
the direct command of Holy Writ, they should go for- 
ward, never doubting. Meanwhile wealth is increasing 
faster and faster, and threatens to bury the members of 
the church beneath its staggering weight. In the provi- 
dence of God, immense possibilities for never-before re- 
alized service to humanity at large arc afforded by the 
unequalled resources available in this twentieth century. 
The gold in the possession of God's people will either 
prove their undoing, or minister to the progress of the 
Kingdom. Yes. we need a revival in giving,— a revival of 
the spirit of responsibility that willingly consecrates its 
choicest treasures to the Great King. 

Vital, Spiritual Religion Needed. 
Secretary Josephus Daniels, in a recent speech, touched 
upon the fact that indifference is the most fatal foe of the 
church. Referring specifically to the decadence of reli- 
gious principles in Europe, he attributes to that fact the 
great slaughter, engaged in by nominally Christian na- 
tions. "They have quit writing history in Europe with 
pens," he suggests; " they are writing with swords. They 
are not writing any longer in ink, but in blood. This is 
the result of a century of spiritual indifference to religion. 
Vital religion would have prevented it." Nothing is more 
true than the fact that religion, at its best, is sure to man- 
ifest itself in righteous lives. Only as Christianity is made 
a vital power in the lives of individuals, will it tend to 

lie opinion from the real issue. Posing as promoters of 
" temperance," — so-called, — the people are told, in cunning- 
ly-devised advertisements, " to be conservative in all 
things, and especially in their personal habits." The 
f necessity of stimulants in moderation" is skillfully 
dwelt upon, and " the inherent right to obtain alcoholic 
refreshment for the body" is strongly defended. While, 
perhaps, not many of the wide-awake are deceived by the 
specious reasoning, doubtless some, at least, are con- 
fused, and hardly know which way, to turn. It is always 
safe, however, to distrust any argument that gives free 
rein to a perverted appetite. 



of i 

any higher than the aggregate 

"Name" and "Deed" Christians. 

"name" Christians,— those who profess but do not really 
possess,— and the "deed" Christians,— those who are con- 
sistent in all they do, always honoring the profession they 
have espoused. A native woman of the "deed" variety 
had been threatened by open attempts at poisoning, on 
the part of those who hoped .that thereby she might be 
induced to abjure her faith in Christianity. When threats 
failed to have the desired effect, her mother, with everj 
term of endearment, fell at her feet, and besought her to 
return to the faith of her fathers. The native woman, 
however, withstood even the entreaties of her mother, and 
honored the profession she had made by her faithfulness, 
in spite of threat or tender entreaty. We wonder how 
many Christians of the homeland would be as willing In 
show the genuineness of their faith by their works. 

Advertising for the Adversary. 
With the best of motives we may. at times, do consid- 
erable gratuitous advertising for Satan, though such may 
be far from our intent or desire. A minister, during a 
recent visit at the house of one of his members, was 
greatly surprised to see a highly objectionable book on 
the center table, and, in consequence, was not slow to 
voice his disapproval. He was told by his parishioner 
that it was the very volume that the minister had most 
vehemently denounced from the pulpit on the previous 
Sunday, "My curiosity was excited by the severe con- 
demnation," said the layman, "and I was prompted to 
purchase the book." May we not. do well to remember 
that the Lord's harvest essentially depends upon the 
amount of real wheat we sow, and not upon the number 
of tares we attempt to pull up? It is better, by far, to 
stick tn our allotted task of sowing the Gospel seed, than 
to advertise, unwittingly, the devices of Satan by ill-ad- 

• Christianity Stands Supreme. 

Opponents of Christianity have recently sought to be- 
little the real worth of Gospel principles by maintaining 
that other religious cults possess equally desirable moral 
excellencies. They take a few of the choicest tenets of 
MtiihMiism, Confuciansni, Mohammedan ism, etc., and 
would have us believe that they are fair specimens of 
those systems of belief. They are careful to say nothing 
of the degrading practices openly encouraged by those 
cults. It may be well to recapitulate a few leading char- 
is the only religion that recognizes the universal brother- 
hood of man. (2) It minimizes racial, national and sex 
barriers, making all men equal by the all-inclusive prin- 
ciples of the religion of Jesus Christ. (3) Christ, ' the 
Author and Finisher of our most holy faith,' is not the 

to all mankind, the Son of the Most High, having brought 
from heaven a saving Gospel. (4) In its purpose, its prom- 
ises, its all-inclusivencss, Christianity is the universal re- 
ligion, adapted to all ages, all climes, all conditions of 
people. (5) It is the only religion that does not absolute- 
ly depend upon a temple, a cathedral, or special place of 
worship. (6) Its one Great Book is the only Volume that 
can he translated, for spiritual profit, into all the lan- 
guages of humanity. (7) As a criterion of international 
law, culture and morals, the principles of Christianity 
hold the preeminence. (8) Nowhere but in the Bible do 
we find the high and exalted portrayal of God as the 
Great Creator of all. (9) The highest ideals of character 
are embodied in the pages of the Sacred Record." Sub- 
mitted to any test that may be suggested, the Bible plan of 
salvation is always found to be "the power of God unto 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 


Study to ih 



I saw a Holy One go forth J 
His love renewed thet bleeding eartli: 

lie healed tlic sick, he sorrow stilled, 
And tliosc who licard anil trusted thrilled 

Willi holy joy, willi dream?; of faith, 
Stronger than fear or pain of death. 


is life of spotless purity 

Shell light a 

1(1 cheer on land 

ml sea; 

is touch of 


The thought 

that his was holy 


e taughl all 

righteousness to 


lie ranie IllS 

life for us lo K \\ 

lie Holy On 

of Israel, 

[Jo words 1 
is kindness 

s purity eonld U 
II of self forgol 


Mis rishtco. 

sness was lilessil 

k fraugl 

his story lay, 

Who to yoi 

heaven soared a 


ml I? sin 

defiled and lone, 

How could 

see him on his 


D« COultl til 

5 culprit lift liis 

■ ead. 

Ashamed of lliongln and dou 

tflll dee 

> Sin-stainc 

! O niv heart i 

s old 

With hungc 

for the streets c 

f sold! 

Tint hark! the angel-story rings 
And vibrates while my spirit sings. 

•'•The Lord our Righteousness' is He. 
And all his goodness is for me!" 

I clothe me in that spotless dress, 
And have the lowlands of distress. 

What! Yes, 'tis even so,— arrayed 

In all his righteousness displayed, 
Will not the Father draw my feet 

Still closer to his Mercy-scat? 
To me imputed is his life. 

And peace and joy today are rife. 
O Christ of God, spread o'er me now 

That glorious garb; upon my brow 
Implant the seal of peace divine, 

I hat purity and joy are mine. 
My death i 

This, then, my right 


all his righteousness displayed, 
n redeemed, till glory-shod 
bow before the Throne of God. 
burg, Pa. 

"Blemish" This doubtless comes from without, but 
may be due to moral leprosy within. The church is 
to be pure amidst a world of evil. Moody well illus- 
trated this by saying that the Christian in the world is 
like a ship in the sea; but to have the sea get into the 
ship is calamitous. 

Paul's appeal to this church is one that calls to first 
principles. No difference what be the outward gran- 
deur, she must be renewed within, in order to serve her 
purpose. The relation of the Lord to the church is 
further analogucd by Paul as the ripening of two lives 
into one, from which comes home-making. Here the 
Lord is not only a lover of the church with its defects 
but a husband. The church will become worthy of 
that husband-love for it. This mystery is great, yet 
the analogy is true. As the family life brings beings 
into the world, so also the church is a living organism, 
to firing into being souls for him, and to inspire them 
with the ideals of the kingdom of God. Let us be 
assured that we are reproducing the life of Christ, for 
this shall remain when the outward beauty of arch- 
itecture and splendid services shall be a thing of ob- 
livion (Matt. 24: 2). 

liar/ford, Conn. 

The Ideal for a Church. 


For some people, the ideal for a church centers in 
the building, its location, its architecture. For others 
the ideal centers in the organization and management, 
Others emphasize the services of the church. Still 
others would say that the ideal for a church centers in 
its family character. Here are still others who would 
emphasize the great importance of the institutional 
church, taking its place in the locality where it can 
best serve the needs of the community. Some would 
elevate the importance of the pulpit. 

Listen to Paul's ideal, " A glorious church, not hav- 
ing spot or wrinkle or any such thing; but that it 
should be holy and without blemish" (Eph. 5: 27). 
He mentions none of these other factors, important 
as they may be, hut goes at once to a deep, fun- 
damental import. The Ephesian church was not per- 
fect. He writes because he is conscious of its needs. 
People there are who see tares; Paul sees good fish in 
the net. His ideals are constructive and even this 
imperfect Ephesian church may 'become equal to his 

" Wrinkle " represent? old age, where the decay is 
greater than the repair of tissues. Gray hairs and 
wrinkles are marks of respect in our physical bodies, 
but in the spirit realm the analog}- does not hold. In 
the latter we must say. " Though our outward man is 
decaying, yet our inward man is renewed day by day " 
(2 Cor. 4: 16). Have we churches that have grown 
old and wrinkly by spiritual atrophy? Paul would 
have them renew their life in spending life. 

Our Big Problem, Now. 


Without wasting words, I proceed to say that the 
" big problem. " of our church at the present time is, 
as the writer sees it, the " Ministerial Problem." 

It is not the purpose of this short article really to 
discuss the ministerial problem in the different phases. 
If one were given all the space in an issue of our 
church paper, he could not fully discuss the question 
in all its phases, — so big is it. But the writer would 
like to call attention to the fact that we have such a 
problem before us, now. 

A few years ago, when the rebaplism question was 
" up." there was a rather free discussion of the same 
in the columns of our church paper. It was the sub- 
ject of a goodly number of conversations among some 
of us. The same may be said of the dress question. 
when it was the live issue before the Brotherhood, — 
when committee reports were spread on the Minutes, 
and it was " held over " from year to year. But now 
we have (or are supposed to have) a question which, 
in the minds of some (the writer for one), is an in- 
finitely bigger question than either of the other two, 
and yet it seems to me we are almost asleep to the fact 
that such a question is " before us " at all. 

You may think I am mistaken when I .say that this 
is a bigger, more vital question than either the re- 
baptism or the dress question. But, listen! I make 
this claim for the same reason that " catchin' comes 
before hangin'." It is like this : You can not have any- 
one to baptize or rebaptize until you have first preached 
the Gospel to that one ; and you can't apply our 
rulings on the dress question (or rulings on any ques- 
tion) without a faithful, efficient ministry to preach 
and teach. I think I am safe in saying that all our 
many church problems hinge (to a large extent) 
around our efficient ministry problem. 

To have men in every church who can devote all 
their time to the ministry of the Word, would not 
solve every other church problem, I admit. But one 
thing is certain. Many of our big problems, like the 
church and Sunday-school attendance problem, the 
problem of caring for isolated members, how to foster 
missionary sentiment and increase missionary offer- 
ings, the problem of holding our young people for the 
church, — these problems, I say, are not being ad- 
equately solved under our present system, or lack of 
system. Whether a different plan would bring desired 
results, remains to be seen, but something must be 
done or we perish. 

I claim, therefore, that this ministerial problem is 
the big question before us as a church, now. It de- 
serves our most sober thought and earnest prayers. 
One of the strong elders of Northeastern Kansas 
made this passing remark, " Some things have a fun- 
ny side to them, but there is nothing funny about this 
ministerial problem." May we, as a church, get 
down to some serious thinking along this line, for the 
question is "up" (it has been "up" since 1911) 

and it will not " down " until some intelligent, con- 
cicntious effort has been made to dispose of it accord- 
ing to the will of God. 

Let us study carefully the report of the committee 
which is " spread on the Minutes for one year before 
final action " is taken (page three and four of Annual 
Meeting Minutes of the Hershey Conference), so that 
we, as a church, may act intelligently when the ques- 
tion is brought up again as unfinished business in the 
1916 Annual Conference. 

Just this in closing. The writer has been in ten dif- 
ferent congregations during the last ten months, for a 
longer or shorter stay in each church, and somehow, 
without stopping to analyze the situation, I am more 
and more convinced that the crying need of our church 
today is pastoral work, — actual shepherding of the 
sheep, — " the Gospel in shoes," as a fellow-pastor puts 
it, — this seven days out of the week where it is at all 
possible. But how to get active, aggressive pastoral 
work done under our present system or any system, 
we may adopt; how to utilize our present ministerial 
force so that no congregation need go begging ; how to 
make some one " responsible " in each congregation 
without "shelving" some one; bow our ministerial 
force may train for more efficient service (as stipulated 
in the 1915 report of our committee) without laying 
down the Sword for a time; how to get the different 
congregations to wake up to their needs, so that they 
will do their part ; how to get some of us preachers to 
be willing to lead out and sacrifice, — these are a few 
of the phases of this big problem which should demand 
our attention now. Let's wake up and face the issue 
with a prayer that God's will may be done and his 
kingdom come, for there is much land yet to be pos- 
sessed, but we can't take it at this -' poor dying rate." 

Abilene, Kans. 

Making 1916 the Biggest and Best. 


In this life we shall not be able to comprehend all 
that Christianity means, but notwithstanding our limi- 
tations we may be consecrated Christians. 

What is consecration ? Our Lord sums up religion 
in forty-six words, and mostly in words of one syl- 
lable. (See Mark 12: 28-34.) The key note is: 
" Love God supremely; love your neighbor unselfish- 
ly." The consecrated Christian has two arms. One 
reaches up in a perpendicular manner and takes hold 
of supernatural strengh and divine resources; the oth- 
er arm reaches out in a horizontal manner and helps 
the needy. Call this " missions " and the uncon- 
secrated sneer; call it "brotherhood" and then it is 
pronounced "fine." The " spirit of missions" is the 
" spirit of true brotherhood " in action, bringing the 
soul to God. ' 

Again ; Paul gives us a key to consecration in 2 Cor. 
8 : 5. He says that the Macedonians were poor, but 
they " first gave their own selves to the Lord, and unto 
us (to Paul and other missionaries) by the will of 
God." In other words, Paul says that true consecration 
is placing our all upon the Lord's altar for service. 
Every baptized, "consecrated person " has his pos- 
sessions also baptized. God's principle of giving the 
tenth made every obedient Jew a more consecrated 
child of God. Should A. D. 1916 find a Christian less 
consecrated than a Jew of B. C. 1000? Can any on** 
afford to let 1916 pass and not settle upon a definite 
plan in the matter of giving? A growing Christian 
is one who gives, and does not grumble about it. The 
grumbler, as a rule, don't give, and should he give, it 
is usually with a ".bitter taste in his mouth." This 
is not making life " bigger and better " ; perhaps. there 
is only religion enough to make life miserable. 

How shall we proceed to make 1916 the " biggest 
and best" year, thus far in our Christian experience? 
First of all. we must determine " to be depended up- 
on." Qan the Lord depend upon you? Almost every 
pastor in our Brotherhood today is carrying entirely 
too heavy a load because of church officials and com- 
mittee-men who can't be depended upon. "Blessed is 
the man who is faithful upon a committee." The 
church is greatly in need of people who will keep their 
eyes and cars open for such tasks as they can do, and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 


he a bit blind and deaf to gossip and everything that is 
not worth while. It is the worth-while things that 
count in building up your Christian life and building 
up the church. 

During the past few weeks some one sent a prepaid 
box by express, to our greatly afflicted Italian Brother 
Panasci. The express was fully two dollars upon the 
box, but the contents were scarcely worth one dollar. 
This is either a blunder or a bluff, or both. Perhaps 
some of us are only making a bluff at our Christian 
life. Whatever we do, we should do it with a touch 
that makes the doing worth while. Otherwise there 
is a double loss, both by the giver and the receiver. 

Some ten years ago some one sent us thirteen cents 
in postage stamps as a donation toward our mission 
work, and then not getting a reply from us by return 
mail, wrote and inquired about the matter. 

To make 1916 a better year than former years, we 
must do more than simply " cover our tracks." 

We are informed by the Secretary of the General 
Mission Board that mission funds are very low, there- 
fore the support for our Italian Mission Work is cut 
to the small sum of $200 for 1916. In the face of all 
the prosperity that our land has enjoyed during the 
past year, must our missions suffer such a " set- 
back " ? If you have a "horizontal arm," reach out 
and come to the rescue of our missions through the 
Mission Board. 

Our work is entirely too hopeful to take any back- 
ward steps, and surely no consecrated member of the 
Church of the Brethren wants to see anything else but 

Thank God for the man who is cheerful 

In spite of life's troubles, I say; 
Who sings of a brighter tomorrow 
Because of the clouds of today. 
His life is a beautiful sermon, 

And this is the. lesson to me.— 
Meet trials with smiles, and they vanish: 
Face cares with a song, and they (lee. 
664 Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Reminiscences of Winona Conference 
of 1913. 

I arrived on the grounds near midnight, May 29, 
and, following the line of electric lights, came at last 
to a light within a door, where I was made welcome. 
Here I found a resting place till break of day, when 
the rising sun found me seated under an open canopy 
in the grove, breathing the pure air, and listening to 
the song of the robin, the cooing of the dove, and the 
thrilling cadences of the wood thrush. The robin and 
the dove are common, plain birds, and we would think 
it very strange should they return from the South- 
land in the spring of the year with any other dress and 
song than that with which we have been familiar from 
our childhood days. Then the wood thrush is still 
more plain, modest and retiring, singing his notes 
concealed among the leaves of some lofty tree. 

One writer says, " It fills one's heart with the 
solemn beauty of simple melody, rendered by an in- 
imitable voice." Another writer says, " To me the 
bell-like tones sound like celestial music; and I always 
''wish that they would vibrate in my ears forever and 

Nothing more fully attests the infinite wisdom and 
power of God than the endowment of the common, 
plain birds of the forest with such a marvelous gift 
of song. Let us learn a lesson from the birds. God 
sends them at the opening of each year in the same 
familiar coat, with the same sweet song that not only 
teaches us the beauty of a simple life, but to carry us 
back to the springtime of life, and to remind us of 
its close by the vanishing trill, the whispering breeze, 
the woods' low sigh, and the purling stream on its way 
to the sea. 

The sun had no sooner risen than it became ap- 
parent that I was not the only visitor to the park. I 
descended from my pavilion and made my way to the 
Messenger office, and then to the Committee of Ar- 
rangements, where I needed no introduction. I se- 
cured a lodging place near enough to the Auditorium 
for convenience and far enough away for repose. 
Tly lady of the house had been raised, in part, under 

Quaker influences, and her assistant had been de- 
voting part of her time to the lecture field. The pro- 
prietor was a lawyer by profession, lie soon became 
quite sociable, and took special pleasure in his ability 
to recognize my approach each evening, by my manner 
of walking, at a distance of fifty yards or more after 
nightfall. I was surprised still more, however, when 
he stated one evening that he had paused long enough 
at the entrance to the Auditorium to learn that he was 
in perfect sympathy and agreement with the speaker 
within, and thai he enjoyed all the good Hie speaker 
possessed without the use of any means, or further 
trouble to get it. I had met this subtle and dangerous 
doctrine before, but had never before met with a full- 
fledged sample of it in the person and in the home of 
a man of culture and ability. This is one of the pop- 
ular delusions of the day, and it is pervading all 
classes of society. To get the benefits without the 
use of the means of salvation, and this right in 
Winona, the home of religious gatherings! Is it be- 
cause there is too much, or too little of the so-called 
theology? Or is it because of the many-sided phases 
of religious teaching? 

That this was not a solitary instance, it was easy 
for me to ascertain in conversation with a lady of 
intelligence, who declared that the highest purpose 
and attainment of Christianity was the culture of so- 
ciety and the elevation of the race. Tins reminded 
me of the Outlook's review of the " Perfect Plan 
of Salvation," — that "to be safe it is not necessary 
to have faith, or repentance, to confess, or be bap- 
tized, to pray, or to praise, — it is only necessary to be 
just and generous." We may, in all seriousness, ask 
ourselves whether we are free from this dangerous 
delusion. We are exposed to its deceptive influence 
in lectures on science, from schools of theology, in 
Chautauquas, State and world-wide conventions. 

T was impressed with the character of the addresses 
given in the Auditorium at Winona in 1913. - I make 
it a rule not to push my way into an audience, es- 
pecially when the speaker has the floor. While at the 
entrance, with many others, a voice from the Audi- 
torium rang out one night, declaring that the teach- 
ings of Plato, Socrates and other Grecian philoso- 
phers, were to be found in the sayings of Jesos. and 
that it was inconsistent with the philosophy of social 
progress to weave the practice of the first century 
into the social fabric of the twentieth ! This utter- 
ance is but a sample of much that was said. What 
impression it made upon the audience within, I never 
learned. Among those without the entrance, the 
criticisms were sharp and persistent. In my own 
mind, it would seem that Jesus is the Source of wis- 
dom and goodness, and the nearer we get to his time 
and teaching, the more we become like him in purity 
and holiness. Besides, Paul would have us " beware 
lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain 
deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments 
of the world, and not after Christ. For in him dwell- 
eth all the fulness of the Godhead bodily " (Col. 2: 8, 

A night later we were favored with a sermon on 
the School of Christ. — calm, solid and scriptural. 
We want to know where we stand. We want to know 
whether we are on solid ground, that we may have 
confidence in the stability of the church. This was 
Paul's way. as one of the faithful teachers in the 
school of Christ: "Moreover, brethren, I declare un- 
to you the gospel which I preached unto you, which 
also ye hove received, and wherein ye stand" (1 Cor. 
15: 1). Our fathers gave us the full form of service- 
Will we hold on to it, or will it be said of us. as it 
was said of the church at Ephesus: " I have somewhat 
against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. 
Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and 
repent and do the first works " (Rev. 2:4)? 

The closing address was an exposition of the thir- 
teenth chapter of John. It was a vivid portrayal of 
the transcendent import of the transactions and the 
words of the Savior in the last night in Jerusalem. 
The clear statement of the evangelist, the vital im- 
port of the doctrine involved, the heaven and earth 
amazing condescension of the Son of God, make it 
one of the most important chapters in the Bible. 
Twelve disciples of the Savior are seated at a table 

in an upper room in Jerusalem. Jesus is at the head 
of the table. A meal is served on the table, ready to 
eat. John calls this meal supper. The time is definite- 
ly fixed. The opening statement, " Now before the 
feast of the passover," settles the question forever, 
rhere is a momentous pause. "Jesus knew that his 
hour had come; and Jesus knowing that the Father 
had given all things into his hands and that he came 
from Cod and went to God." Here is a sweep all 
the way back through the ages past,— all the way 
down through the ages to come, and all the way up 
to God, who had given all things into his hands. 
Jesus now " rises from supper." He " laid aside his 
garments." He "took a towel and girded himself." 
This means service. What service is he about to 
perform and for whom? Girded with a towel he 
poured water into a basin, and began to wash the 
disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel where- 
with he was girded. Jesus began this service; did it 
end with him? "If I your Lord and Master have 
washed your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's 
feet. For I have given you an example that ye 
should do as I have done to you." Jesus knew what 
he was doing and he did it with his own hand: 
then look his garments and seated himself at the tabl 
the example given, the precept given, closing with 
"If ye know these things, happy are ye, if ye do 
them." To know is to do. 
Broadway, Va. 


Ahwa Notes. 

Oct. 23 ^ 
even people 


glad day with us, for on that day 

?re received into the church by bapti 
— three men, with their wives and one young girl. Her 
parents have been Christians for ahout fifteen years. 
The other six have come out of the densest darkness. 
They need the prayers of God's children, for surely 
they have much against them. The people at home, 
who have praying parents and loving friends to entreat 
them to come into the kingdom, can not 'realize what 
these must endure. 

The aged mother of one of the men did all in her 
power to keep her hoy and his wife from coming. In 
the morning, when we started to the river for baptism, 
she wailed and beat her breast, — just as is their cus- 
tom at times of death. This we heard until distance 
cut off the sound. On our return she abused her chil- 
dren in every way she knew how. When she saw that 
she could not move them, she took her few belongings 
and went away, saying she would not stay with them 
and be defiled. They said nothing, and now, after a j 
few days, she is glad enough to come back to be fed. | 

One of the other families had a severe testing-time 
too, just before they took the final step. It seemed to 
us as if Satan were making his best and final efforts 
to snatch these away from their purpose. They have 
a nice tittle baby girl, of whom they are proud. She 
was taken very ill, and when all the medicine we gave 
seemed to do no good, the father lost hope and said : 
" Where is your God? An old woman has eaten the 
child and she must die." 

We went on doing all we could, and trusting our 
Loving Father lo reveal his love anew to these ignorant 
ones. Yes, the child was healed. 

But, behold, in just a few days, she got very sore 
eyes, and they grew worse each day, in spite of all we 
could do. It was a testing time for us too, but we put - 
forth renewed efforts, and sat hour by hour foment- 
ing the eyes and doing all we knew, to save the eve ( 
sight. The father said: " Now I know the old woman 
has eaten the child. Each night I hear her comiirgV 
around, making weird noises [something after the 
manner of American people's ghosts). The child will . 
be blind." 

To our great joy, the next morning, the child could 
open her one eye a bit and from then on the recovery^ 
was marvelous. Let us be thankful that these were 
not snatched away from their purpose, and let us pray 
for them ! They have faith in the true God and all 
are happy in their new life. Recently we were called 
10 a village eight miles away, where live some of our 
Christian people. The roads have not yet been re- 
paired since the monsoons, and hence traveling is very 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

ifficult, especially was our journey prolonged. My 
river was inexperienced, and got beside the road in- 
> the deep grass. One of the two wheels of our cart 
ent over a stone and, before we knew it, we were up- 
;t down into the stony road. The shock was great 
nd I was unable to move for some time, but am glad 
j say that there were no broken bones, — only bruises, 
-and after the driver had run back to the nearest vil- 
ge for help, the cart was set up and we proceeded on 
ur way. 
Before we arrived at our destination, a baby girl 
as born to the home to which I had been called, 
here was our sister in the bands of these jungly vil- 
,ge women. On our arrival, we did all we could for 
iotlu-r and child, and we do praise our Heavenly 
father thai all is as well as it is. How our hearts 
ere burdened to cry unto. the Lord of the harvest 
»r a doctor to come here among these needy people 
ho have absolutely no medical help. Many sick ones 
•om the village crowded about me with the hope that 
could heal them. How I longed to be able to do 
ore lor them ! The very night I spent in the village 
sssed a death that could so easily have been 

.ded by a doctor's care. Everywhere we go, the 
ed is so great that we feel we can not wait until 
ime one comes to the rescue. Surely, the Lord is 
tiling some one to enter this great door of oppor- 
nitv to minister to these, the least of his. 
Brother, sister, will you pray with us that this call 
ay be speedily answered? The needs for medical 
ork here are so great, and lately we have seen spe- 
ll manifestations of God's love in watching over his 
tildren. It seems to us that the Lord is opening the 
>or of glorious opportunity just as wide as possible. 
jrely some one, with medical preparation, will slip 

ere it is too late. 

Ihtuo, Danqs, India, via BMmora, Nov, iS. 

with her husband had strong religious sentiments, 
their preferences being wholly with the Brethren. At 
the time there were only five members in the county, 
two of these being the parents of the writer. In 1852, 
— or four years after locating on the big prairie, — 
three ministers, — Brethren David Martin, Jacob 
Negley and David Zuck, — came into the community, 
held a few meetings, and baptized eight converts, — 
Bro. James R. Gish and Aunt Barbara being of the 
number. The thirteen members were organized in 
the fall of the same year, and Bro. Gish was called 
to the ministry. 

He and Sister Gish, fully realizing the great re- 
sponsibility resting upon them, as a minister and his 
wife, at once entered upon their work with the zeal, 
firmness of purpose and intelligence that characterized 
their efforts all through life. Both of them had good 

Death of Aunt Barbara Gish. 


^ord has reached us of the departure of Aunt 
arbara Gish, so widely and favorably known all over 
1 e Brotherhood. In the home of Bro. Jas. G. Switz- 
, Roanoke, 111., where she had been confined to her 
d for some weeks, Sister Gish took her leave of 
rth early on Friday morning, Dec. 31, 1915. 
One week before, she received the anointing at the 
xds of Brethren J. H. Neher and J. W. Switzer. 
av by dav she grew weaker until the end came, re- 
aming conscious almost to the last. Being fully 
.rare of the fact that her life was coming gradually 
a close, she expressed a desire to depart and to be 
th the Master, whom she had served for sixty-three 
ars. It was but fitting that the long and useful 
e. — filled with deeds of love and charity, — should 
rminate amid the closing scenes of 1915, and that 
e spirit, at the very- opening of 1916, should be re- 
ised, and permitted to enter upon its life and its 
, ys in the great beyond. With Bro. J. H. Neher, 
Hudson. III., in charge, the funeral services were 
Id on Monday. Jan. 3, in the Panther Creek church, 
ten the mortal frame of Aunt Barbara Gish was, by 
ring hands, laid to rest, in the cemetery near Roa- 
Ice, by the side of her husband, Eld. Jas. R. Gish, 
10 passed to his reward in 1896. 
Sister Barbara Gish, nee Kindig, was born in 
agusta County, Va.. Aug. 28, 1829, and in 1848. at 
g age of 19, became the wife of James Rufus Gish, 
io at the time was twenty-two years old. In the fall 
fihe same year they emigrated, by private convey- 
K to Woodford County, 111., being six weeks on 
* road. The county was then in its virgin state, and 
S wild, uncultivated prairies extended as far as the 
e could reach, with only here and there a small 
»ise. On these broad prairies, where the city of 
/u:<oke*now stands. Brother and Sister Gish made 
try on \CX) acres, built a small, unplastered house. 
WL6 feet, and here the subject of our sketch com- 
jnced her real active life. Though she became 
•althy. and had all that heart could crave, she often 
id that tliis one little room was the most con- 
nient house in which she ever lived. 
She was not then a member of the church, but 

health, and while giving their finances all necessary 
attention, they never neglected, in the least, the work 
of the ministry. The church increased in numbers, 
other ministers were chosen, and then it was that 
Brother and Sister Gish began preparing to devote 
their time and energies to mission work. Aunt Bar- 
bara was a splendid leader for the song services. 
Bro. Gish a good preacher, and for their day no 
minister and his wife were better equipped for carry- 
ing the glad tidings to the people. They bad means 
enough to meet all their expenses, and made it their 
mission to preach the Gospel to the poor absolutely 
free of charge. 

Two years after entering the ministry, they start- 
ed back to Virginia in a conveyance of their own, 
spending six weeks on the trip, and camping out every 
night. The whole winter following, their attention 
was given to the work of tke ministry in the East, 
and on their return to Illinois, later on, they entered 
upon a line of mission work in the West, that, so far 
as we know, has never been duplicated by any of our 
workers. They searched out the localities where there 
were small churches, or only a few members, and to 
these points they would go, and hold series of meet- 
ings. Bro. Gish would do the preaching, while Aunt 
Barbara would lead in the song services. While thus 
engaged, they would make their home with the people 
among whom they labored. It was a common thing 
for Sister Gish-Jo go into the kitchen to help with the 
work, and many a conversion did she clinch while 
wiping the dishes for the woman with whom they 
were lodging. Everybody loved her, — children and 
all, — and by her sympathetic way of approaching peo- 
ple, and her methods of instructing them, she prob- 

ably won fully as many souls to Christ as did her 
zealous husband. 

Together they visited localities in Illinois, Missouri, 
Kansas, Colorado, Texas and Arkansas, to say noth- 
ing of their special work in some other States. Soon 
after the close of the war, they started South, going 
as~far as New Orleans, with the intention of preaching 
the Gospel to the people in the Southern States. But 
finding that the conditions in the extreme South were 
not favorable for their labors, they went into Tennes- 
see and devoted some months to work among the 
churches in that State. In fact they visited nearly 
every church in the State, encouraging the members, 
and baptizing such as were led to accept the faith. 
Aunt Barbara mounted a horse, and, with her hus- 
band, rode from point to point, being out among the 
mountains in all kinds of weather, giving entire at- 
tention to the Master's little flocks found there. 

After a season of rest in their comfortable home 
in Woodford County, III., they entered upon their 
important mission in the State of Arkansas, where 
more hardships were endured than in any other 
field in which they had labored. They not only 
bore their own expenses while preaching the Gos- 
pel to the poor people of this State, but they lent 
a helping hand to other ministers and their fami- 
lies. It was while engaged in this work that Bro. 
Gish died, leaving all of his large estate, consist- 
ing of many farms and considerable personal 
property, to Aunt Barbara, without any instruc- 
tions as to what disposition should be made of it. 
She had her husband laid to rest in Woodford 
County, 111., not far from the spot where they built 
their little home when they first settled in the State. 
She then made her home among her own people 
near Roanoke. Now and then she would go to 
■Kansas for a season. She had no children of her 
own, but had done so much for the children of 
other people that she easily found many homes at 
her disposal. Everybody was her friend, but, so 
far as known, she never had an enemy. She 
studied quite a while to determine what should be 
done with all the property left her by her husband. 
Finally it was suggested to her that she turn the 
bulk of the estate over to the General Mission 
Board, to constitute what is now known as the 
Gish Fund. This appealed to her, and so, after 
making certain gifts to near relatives, she placed 
her property in the hands of the Board, with the 
understanding that she receive an annuity of one 
thousand dollars during her lifetime. And now, 
though dead, her work, through the Gish Fund, goes 
on. And if all the ministers in the Brotherhood, who 
are helped with books by this fund, could manifest, 
in their labors, the spirit that characterized the ef- 
forts of Sister Gish and her consecrated husband, we 
might soon experience a greater enlargement of the 
borders of Zion than has yet been realized in the his- 
tory of the Church of the Brethren. 

Aunt Barbara Gish spent a whole lifetime doing 
good. It can truthfully be said of her that she " went 
about doing good," it being her aim and purpose, at 
all times, to lend a helping hand to those standing in 
need of aid. In a humble manner she has filled a 
large space in the hearts of the people who knew her, 
and has made a part of the world only the better be- 
cause she lived in it. We have known her from boy- 
hood, helped to lay her husband away in his last rest- 
ing place, and regret that the distance that now sepa- 
rates us from the closing scenes of her life, did not 
permit us to mingle our tears with those of others 
who wept as they stood by her open grave. By re- 
quest of the relatives, we write this imperfect tribute 
of respect, feeling that even now more than half of 
the story of her splendid life remains untold. Peace 
be to her ashes, and precious be the sweet memories 
that shall long follow her life and labors! 
Eust'ts, Fla. t ^ t 


Eld. Peter Forney fell asleep in Jesus, Dec. 25, 1915, 
at the ripe age of eighty-seven years and twenty-seven 
days. He was the youngest and last surviving member of 
the twelve children of John and Susanna Beeghly Forney. 

He was born in Somerset County, Pa., Nov. 28, 1828. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

He was united in marriage to Mary Blough, daughter of 
Abraham and Mary Baker Blough, Aug. 24. 1845. Soon 
after their marriage both united with the Church of the 
Brethren, and remained faithful. They moved from 
Somerset County, Pa., Oct. 25, 1854, and settled near 
Lanark, Carroll Co., 111., where they lived two years. 

ivhere most of their children 
ee of them, with the mother, 
world. Five daughters and 

in Benton County, Io 
were born and reared, 
preceded him to the 


n.l hi- 

rife i 

Big Grove, now Garrison church, Iowa, where he was 
elected to the ministry in August, 1858, and ordained to 
the eldership in 1865. He was very active in the minis- 
try throughout his long period of service. He loved to 
preach, and continued active until the last. He was pre- 
paring to conduct the service here on Sunday preceding 
his funeral, and had selected Acts 20: 24 as his text, but 
Ath la grippe, which afterwards developed into 

, from which he 

ercd. Hi.- 


eedingly interesting and instructs 


a n.l ■ 


3 own quiet 

and i 

lassumtng way. 

Bro. Forney was a man of strong convictions, and was 
exceedingly loyal to the teachings of the Bible and to 
Conference decisions. There was never any uncertainty 
where he slood on any question. He had a good edu- 
cation for his day, but' his main strength was in Bible 
knowledge. He had a wonderful memory and had com- 
mitted to memory a large part of the Bible. He always 
had a Bible quotation or allusion, to fit every occasion. 

The mother of the eleven children died Sept. 2, 1867. 
Dec. 25, 1873, he was married to Catharine Arnold, widow 
of Nathaniel Arnold, of Liscomb, Iowa. With his second 
wife he came to Glendale, Ariz., in December, 1892, He 
conducted several weeks' meetings and organized the 
church here with about twenty members, Dec. 31, 1892. 
He became its first elder, and so continued until Decem- 
ber, 1906. For the last seven years he has been the last 
charter member here. 

His home was always open to the Brethren.. Perhaps 
undue advantage was taken of this, at times, without 
proper remuneration. More than thirty persons have 
been known to stay at his home during extended meet- 
ings. He was also very generous in helping those who 
asked him, and lost a great deal of money by many whom 
he thus befriended. 

He was bereaved of his second companion on New 
Year's Day of 1908. During the last seven years of his 
life, he made his home principally 



en Id 

nths he 

illl his 

/ife of Bro. Wm. Wei- 

daughter, Sister Sarah Weigold, 
gold, of Glendale, Ariz. 

Bro. Forney traveled extensively. Recently he in- 
formed the writer that he had covered more than 60,000 
miles, all told. Few elders bad a wider acquaintance than 
Bro. Forney. 

He died at the home of his daughter, Sister Weigold. 
After services at his late home, the remains were talcen to 
the Glendale churchhouse, where the funeral sermon was 
preached by Eld. L. E. Keltner to a large audience. Text, 
1 Sam. 20: 8. Interment beside his second companion 
in the Glendale cemetery. F. F. Durr. 

Glendale, Ariz., Jan. 1. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

of the 

ha Pulji, Mo 

-kula Cnlp, Keoma, 

Mlddl«buTB".— \i 


■ online; !■". T,. F.i?[nnT r secretary; Jvlwanl, 
respondent. Two weeks iipo our Sunday-school In; 

miles south of Dado City nt Phelps 
McKllllps' house.— Cora V. Crlpe, 


Ing, praying and w( 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 


The Master Workman. 


It has been related that a wealthy nobleman once 
1 possessed a beautiful harp that was out of tune. It 
had not yielded music since its owner was a little boy. 
He fondly recalled the sweet music of the harp, and 
wished thai he might sometime again enjoy its en- 
trancing melody. 

There it hung, idle and useless, on the wall, be- 
cause no one seemed to possess the necessary skill to 
. repair it, — it being of a different design from any 
the artisans had ever seen. Eyeti the experts from 
; foreign parts failed in their efforts, and the noblc- 
. man despaired of ever being permitted to enjoy the 
) delicious notes that he remembered hearing in his 
1 boyhood days. ,. 

■ " ( me stormy night a troubadour, caught in the 

storm, came within the castle gates, and being a 

player, he was invited, as was the custom, to enter- 

. tain the nobleman, his family and his retainers, with 

. Ins ballads. 

His attention was called to the beautiful but useless 
> harp. On seeing the singular instrument, the musi- 
l cian manifested an intense interest. Taking it in his 
hand, he began to adjust the various parts, and sup- 
plying others, until at length, with a master band, he 
brought forth a charming melody thai entranced the^ 
} listeners. Upon closing, he received rounds of ap- 
- plause. The nobleman eagerly inquired how it was 
, that the player was familiar with the mechanism of 
, this rare instrument. " I made it," said he. " therefore 

This incident is typical of mankind. No one but 
our Maker is able to restore us. and to make us whole 
and in tune with his spiritual kingdom. We may seek 
help from outside sources, like science, literature and 

vote that had been purchased in the election, directly 
or indirectly, by the expenditure of this vast sum of 
money by the "interests." Of course, — contrary to 
the law, — this money was never accounted for or re- 
ported. That it was used with deadly effect, no one 
doubts. That reputations were bought, sold, and 
sacrificed, is a matter of history. 

" We wrestle not against flesh and blood, but 
against principalities, against powers, against the 
rulers of darkness of this world, against spiritual 
wickedness in high places." 

Harrxsburg, Pa. 


e efficacy to 
ch will be fn 
Maker throi 
.r. The Div 


Corruption of Liquor Interests. 
i.mi.y the "King of Chinatown" 
His business is to deliver the Chil 
Eastern and Middle Western States h 
• consideration." During the admir 
Dlankenburg, of Philadelphia, he \ 
holesale election frauds. 


. doubtless little to 

Rejected, forlorn and despondent, he wended his 
j way to the camp of Ihe "opposition," and landed in 
I | the office of the Anti-Saloon League. He was in a 
I } semiuenilent, rebellious, vindictive mood. The son of 
v a Reading brewer, and having associated all his life 
K with that type of people, and himself a characteristic 
» rxproduct of the life he lived, he was in a position to 

speak with authority. It was then he confessed that 
( his interests had expended in Pennsylvania, during the 
*. campaign of 1914, nearly a million dollars to elect a 
gijSJ w ,.| " Legislature, and to defeat the temperance 
I people. 
; April 23, 1915, the decent citizens of Pennsylvania 

were treated to the spectacle of seeing the moral 
■ forces of the State routed by a vote of 128 to 78 
i against the passage of a Local Option bill. They saw 
( Sunday-school superintendents. Bible class teachers, 
J and pillars of churches deliver to the liquor forces a 

Four Million Pounds Daily. 

The papers of the day say that Great Britain's 
present expenditure on the war is 4,350,000 pounds a 
day. That is something over $20,000,000. Why this 
unprecedented, inconceivable expenditure? The 
answer is, " Because Britain believes a great principle 
to be at stake; because Britain believes her own free- 
dom and life to be in jeopardy; because Britain is in 
this matter tremendously in earnest ! " 

The church believes the preaching of the Gospel 
throughout the world to be one of the primary and 
fundamental principles of the teachings of our Lord 
Jesus. In carrying our Gospel work, there is a great 
principle recognizedly at stake. The work must be 
done. There is no other way to consider it. 

The church believes that, if she does not preach the 
Gospel, her own children will grow up unbelievers; 
if she does not preach the Gospel to others, others 
will so present error that truth can not be discerned 
from it; if she does not preach the Gospel throughout 
the whole world, she can not hope to be worthy of her 
Master; if she does not preach the Gospel to "ever)' 
creature," she puts her own freedom and life into 

And the church should, in this matter, be tremen- 

fully in earnest in this matter? Is the church tre- 
mendously in eamcsl in this matter? " Our church " ? 
Your congregation? Your Sunday-school class? 


woman exclaimed the above, as to the undertaker and 
the Uppertaker. 

Most assuredly, the Scriptures teach that " we shall 
not all sleep,"— not all will fall into the hands and 
grasp of the undertaker. Those who are alive, at 
Jesus' coming and kingdom, shall behold him, and 
live with the "Uppertaker" (Col. 3: 4), "We will 
. travel by the airline soon, and not by the subway." 
Those who go by way of the " undertaker " only, have 
no sure hope in the " Uppertaker." The Uppertaker 
will get all his own out from under the clods, — the 
Word will resurrect them. Oh, the glorious hope! 
Oh, hasten, blessed day! Gracious is he who con- 
templates the coming glory rather than the grave! 
Once the Uppertaker was smitten, scourged, rejected : 
next he will be Judge, Conqueror, Victor. He came 
and dwelt under the clouds that he might come with 
clouds, clothed in clouds. 

What hope gives such strength of courage ! Too 
many, who call him Lord, are living with faces toward 
the ground. Look up, behold the clouds of promise, 
with Jesus coming to the earth for such of his as 
have gone through the hands of the undertaker. They 
went in all readiness. Trust in the Uppertaker and 
you shall have great reward ! 

Tropico, Cal. 

" The Undertaker or the Uppertaker." 


That edifying and great teacher, "The Wonder- 
ful Word," published by W. Leon Tucker, gives, on 
its December first page, a marvelous reading on the 
above subject. Yes, whom are you seeking, — "the 
Undertaker or the Uppertaker/'— Jesus, the Christ of 
the Resurrection? In an audience where the cuming 
of the Lord was the all-absorbing theme, a d?YQ\tt 


Lesson for January 23, 1916. 

Subject.— The Spirit of Life.— Rom. 8: 12-30. 

■Golden Text— As many as are led by the Spirit of God, 


The Moving Picture Shows. 

It is estimated that at least one-half of the patrons 
of the moving picture shows are children under the 
age of fourteen years. A careful investigation of the 
shows disclosed the fact that in sixteen out of every 
twenty-four, at least one film portrayed crime in an 
offensive form. Not only were murder and suicide 
delineated in the scenes, but all the details of the 
perpetration and discovery of the crime were brought 
out. The influence such shows will have, upon the 
character of the children who see them, is undoubted- 
It is claimed that the moving picture shows can be 
made highly educational, but what kind of training is 
this for the-tender and susceptible minds of children? 
They are very demoralizing. They are the " people's 
riieater," for the price of admission is within reach 
of all. They are robbing our churches and Sunday- 
schools of their attendance, and cramming their minds 
with immoral things. The prevalence of these shows, 
in every city and town, gives them a very great in- 
fluence, either for good or bad, and the way they are 
now run, it is mostly bad, and especially so for chil- 

440 Fletcher Avenue, Muscatine, Iowa. 

Favorite Chapters of the Bible. 

For Sunday Evening. January 23, I91f>. 

The Messiah I sa. 53) 

. The Resurrection I t or. 1 5 

. The Beatitudes Matt. 5: 3-12 

. The Shepherd Psa, 23 

. The Farewell Prayer John 17 

. "The Greatest of These Is Love" 1 Cor. 13 

Christian Endeavor Horn. 12 

Note.— Assign one chapter to one Christian Worker to 
iiscuss the theme of the chapter in a concise manner, 
rom some practical viewpoint. 


Brotherly Love. 

1 John 4: 11; Study 1 Cor. 13: 1-13. 
For Week Beginning January 23, 1916. 

1. The Sacrifice of Love.— It is of this that John speaks 
when he says, " In this was manifested the low of God 
toward us." Love, too, was the great mission of our 
Redeemer, to restore, reclaim, sanctify, save. And that 
love is the theme o! the song which John heard in heaven, 
ami which he calls a new song, — the language of rcck-eim-it 
men. And Christ has given us the grandest example of 
sacrifice, for "he loved us and washed us from our sins 
in his own blood" (Prov. 10: 12; 17: 9. 17; Matt 5: 41, 
42; 25: 34-40; Rom. 12: 9. 10; 2 Cor. 8; 7). 

2. Out of Sacrifice Flows Service—For such service as* 
this we live in days of wonderful opportunities. They 
come to all. Like the stones, they lie at our feet; and 
he shall gather most who stoops the lowest,— like him 
"who came not to be ministered unto, hut to minister, 
and to give his life a ransom for many." Our responsi- 
bilities arc measured by our capacity to do good. Many, 
indeed, and splendid are the opportunities for service in 
our day. Never was the church so strong in numbers, in 
wealth, in influence, in organization. There is a work for 
every man and woman, and a place for every little child, 
—all of them abounding in love (Psa. 133: 1; Luke 
6: 31-35; John 13: 34, 35; Rom. 13: S, 9; 1 Cor. 14: 1; 
Gal. 5: 13, 26; Philpp. 1: 9). 

3. Love Greater Than All Else.— Great is faith, and 
great is hope, but greater than these is love. Faith is 
mighty, even to the moving of mountains; it sails the 
wildest seas; it can open blind eyes; it can do many a 
miracle; it justifies the soul and anticipates heaven. Great 
is faith, but lova is greater. Love is at home everywhere, 
and travels all the world without a passport. Love 
is-heaven; for God Is love, and If we love we are in heaven 
(John 15: 12, 13; Eph. 5: 2; Col. 3: 12-14; \ Thess. 4; 
9; Heb, 10; 2-f; 1 peter 1< 22; 3: 8j 4; g). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 


And bearing about all the burden be 

And the s 

vould have helped him to battle 

Did yon give liim your liaml? 
And the world, so I fancied, was using him ill. 
Did you give him a word? Did you show him 
Or did you just let him go on with his load? 
Do you know what it means to be losing the fig' 
When a lift just in time might set everything 
Do you know what it means, — just a clasp of 

Did : 

Why the half-suppressed i 
Were you a brother of hi 
Did you offer to help hii 

why the quivering 
i, and the scalding 



dth much servin 
indow and see tl 
es on the. dingy i 



A man stood on the brink of the Grand Cany 
the Colorado and exclaimed as he turned away, " Gee 
what a hole!" On that one great day of judgment 
perhaps the hardest fate will come not to him 
'never saw the real things of life, but to him who 
them and never appreciated what he saw. We cli 
our glasses and we are responsible for what we 
through them. 

There are a thousand things in each day's pas 
and he is wise who can value every thing at its 
worth. False values lose for us the things that « 
the "good things, the true things, the beautiful th 
Martha thought that getting the dinner ready 
more important than sitting at the Master's feet, 
cause she was " cumbered \ 
forgot to look out of the w 
shine ; instead she kept her e; 
of the kitchen. 

Today Martha sits in her seat ai church scrvi 
and plans what she will serve for dinner; she (u 
around when Mrs. Jones enters and is undecit 
whether to invite her lo the next party; she noti 
that the windows are dirty and thinks it a pity that 
janitor's wife is lazy; she Jooks at the lady on 
left, and wonders how much she paid for her dre 
and meanwhile the minister preache 
teems with inspiration and reveals a g 
things and greater godliness to the hi 
tha only remembers she didn't like the cut of his coa 

We shall pass this way only once; let us not mi: 
the vital things. Let us look at the stones on our wa; 
hut let us* look up at the stars also. The sideshow 
should not draw us away from the main performanc 
and no mess of pottage is -worth an inheritance. Tr 
Pharisees fed on the chaff and stubble of the Talmu 
and grew godly lean, while the golden grain of tl 
law lay untouched. Of course, we don't mean to 1 
careless or forgetful or unappreciative of the re; 
things, the vital things of life and of God's will t( 
ward us, yet,— like the guard during a ba 
Israel and in charge of a valuable prisoner 
I was busy here and there, lo he was gone 

2751 West Sixteenth Street, Chicago. 

, but Mar 


A Mirror. 

the missionary and made a law that no looking-glass 
should ever be brought among her people. 

The princess haled the glass because it revealed the 
truth about herself and the truth was not pleasant. 
-She was just as ugly after she destroyed the glass as 
she was before, and it is true that the Bible, the Gos- 
pel reflector, reveals to man his sinfulness and though 
he rejects God's Word, and tramples the truth under 
foot, he is just as badly deformed by sin as before. 

7?. D. 2, Ashland, Ohio. 



Among them we 

>me African tribes 
nong the natives. 
News of the won- 
derful thing by which people could see their own faces 
soon spread through the tribes. Never had the peo- 
ple seen their own faces and the missionary was in- 
vited by many tribes to visit them with his wonderful 
glass. In the interior there was a princess who had 
been told that she was beautiful. She sent for the 
missionary to bring her a glass that she might see her 
own beauty. The truth was that the princess was the 
least attractive of the women of her tribe; she was 
very ugly. She took the mirror and looked into it, 
and when she. saw how ugly she really was, she took 
her fwt and dashed the mirror to pieces, banished 

eight. We quilted 

the St. Joseph 

ire donated to Llla Vlnchattle, Secretary: 
towards fur- Vlnchattle, CallemJer, Iowa, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

Tbe Gospel Messenger 

Official Organ of the Churoh of the Brethren. 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 


Bro. J. J. Johnson, late of Astoria, 111., is to enter 
upon his new field of labor, Dixon, same State, in the 
near future. 

Bro. \Y. A. Kinzie assisted the members at Quin- 
ter. Kails., in a revival effort, by which six were won 
for the Kingdom. 

The Bible Institute of Lordsburg College, Cat., is 
to be held Jan. 31 to Feb. 5. The program will appear 

Business Mutineer. R. E. Arnold. 

Advisory Committee. 

D. M. Garver, P. B. Keltncr. S. N. McCann. 








HI., nz Seconds Matter. 

• w ~~~~~~ ' 




Irs; ££ 

a Militarism. 

-■I'villllN IlK-tit. 

Five turned to the Lord in the Wiley church, Colo 
on Sunday, Jan. 2. 

Bro. Blair Hoover has changed his address fror 
Cushing, Okla., to Mansfield. Ark. 

Bro, O. H. Yereman was a visitor at the Messen 
GER office on Monday of this week. 

Bro. Galen B. Royee 

week, giving instruction 

is at Juniata College 
the Bible Institute. 

nnville church. Fa., is to be rededicated Jan. 
being services both morning and evening. 

Jan. 23 Bn 
to begin a seri 

J. A. Gump, of Churubusco, Ind., is 
> of meetings at the Hicksville church, 

instructors at 
'. several days 

Bro. J. E. Miller was one of t 
the Manchester College Bible Instit 

The District of Texas and Louisiana selected Bro. 
M. H. Peters as its representative on tbe Standing 

Jan. 16 Bro. B. J. Fike. of Nez Perce, Idaho, com- 
mences his revival effort in Uic Winchester church, 
same State. 

Bro. C. M. Stutsman, of Wenatchee, Wash., is 
now with the church at Tacoma. same State, in a re- 
vival meeting. 

Bro. David Metzler, of North Manchester, Ind., 
is in a revival effort with the members of the Blue 
River church, same State. 

o. Isaac Frantz is now in the midst of a series 
actings at Covina, Cal.j with the best of prospects 
spiritual awakening. 

J. P. Kkaiull, late pastor of the Portage 
Ohio, is to locate in the Vestaburg church, 
after March 1, next. 

Bro. E. M. FiPPS, of Kokomo, Ind.. i 
nidst of a series of meetings at the Blis 
lear Walkerton, same State. 

S. S. Xlhlk, of Twin Falls, Idaho, is engaged 
evival meeting in the East Wenatchee church, 
. with excellent interest. 

Fifteen turned to the Lord during the meetings 
held by Bro. Savior Greyer, of Fort Republic, Va.. for 
the Summit church, same State. 

Bro. T. T. Myf.r 

s, of Huntingdon 

Pa.. 1 

covered from his 

ate illness,— we s 

re glad 

-and hopes to resu 

me active work e 

e long. 

Fifteen made the good choice during the meetings 
onducted by Bro. John P. Harris, of Stonerstown, 
*a., in the Williamsburg church, same State. 

Bro: Roy E. Miller and wife, of Rocky Ford, 
Colo., have gone to Hartman. same State, where they 
take charge of the work. 

Bro. J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., is booked 
for a series of meetings in the Moxham congregation, 
Johnstown, same State, -in the near future. 

Bro. G. S. Strausbaugh, of Fredericktown, Ohio, 
closed a revival in the Dickey church, same State, 
Dec. 19, eleven casting their lot with the people of 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., is at 
this writing holding forth the Word of Life in the 
Nettle Creek church, Ind., in a promising revival ef- 

Bro. I. R. Beery, of Lanark, III., recently closed a 
series of meetings in the Union Center church, Ind., 
with eleven accessions by baptism. One was re- 

Bro. J. G. Royer is now with the church and 
school at Nokesville, Va., in a ten days' Bible In- 
stitute. Following this he will assist in the Institute 
at Bridgewater, Va. 

Bro. George Mishler, of Cambridge. Nebr., held 
a much appreciated series of meetings for the mem- 
bers of the Maple Grove church, Ind. Nine con- 
fessed Christ. 

The Special Bible Term of Daleville College, Va., 
will be held Jan. 31 to Feb. 5. An interesting pro- 
gram has been prepared, which we shall publish in 

Bro. Ralph W. Schlosser, of Elizabethtown, Pa.. 
closed his series of meetings at Lititz, same State, 
Tan. 2. Thirty-five acknowledged Christ as their 
personal Savior. 

Seventeen were baptized and one reclaimed, dur- 
ing the series of evangelistic services held at the Oak 
Grove house, Peter's Creek church, Va.. by Bro. C. 
M. Driver, of Staunton, same State. 

Bro. J. C. Lightcap, of Mansfield, 111., has been 
secured by the Rossville congregation, Ind.. to con- 
duct a series of meetings in the Rossville house, be- 
ginning about the middle of February. 

The Chippewa Creek church, Mich., decided to 
secure Bro. D. E. Sower, of Manistee, same State, for 
their series of meetings, and at last reports the serv- 
ices are now in progress, with good interest. 

With Bro. Moyne Landis. of Chicago, in charge 
of the work, the members of the Eel River church, 
Ind., are enjoying a refreshing revival. So far five 
have pledged allegiance In the Great Commander. 

Bro. Jacob Funk, of Wiley, Colo., assisted the 
Earned City church, Kans., in a recent series of meet- 
ings. Nine turned to the Lord during the meetings 
and three have made the good choice since the meet- 
ings closed. ■ 

So many were the rich spiritual feasts, enjoyed bv 
our members during the recent holiday season, that 
we can not publish all the more extended reports in 
this issue, but we hope to make room for most of 
them next week. 

There being two ministers by the name of " H. H. 
Helman " among us, one of them was, owing to mis- 
information, inadvertently omitted from the ministerial 
list of the 1916 Almanac. Please insert the name of 
"Howard H. Helman. R. D. 1," at Wooster, Ohio, 
and.the name of " Harley H. Helman," it Union- 
ville Center, Ohio. 

There is great rejoicing among the little band at 
Riverside, Cat., because five more of the Chinese 
mission school pupils have united with the church by 
confession and baptism. This makes a total of eight 
who have turned to the Lord. 

Bro. Chas. A; Miller, pastor of the St. Joseph 
church, Mo., is now in the midst of an inspiring re- 
vival in his home congregation. A number have al- 
ready been baptized, some await the rite, and still 
others are near the Kingdom. 

Those who have ordered Bro. M. M. Eshclman's 
new book on the Revelation, are hereby reminded 
again that remittances should be made directly to Bro. 
Eshelman, at Tropico, Cal., and that this should be 
attended to at once. 

The Portage church, Ohio, desires to secure a 
pastor, as the present pastor is moving to other parts 
of the Brotherhood. Correspondence is invited, and 

should lie addressed to the clerk of the congregation. 
Sister Lodema Collins, Route 3, Prairie Depot, Ohio. 

After enjoying an inspiring series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. Thomas Patrick, at the South Ann- 
ville house, the members of the Annville congrega- 
tion, Pa., are now looking forward to another revival, 
to be conducted by Bro. Martin, of the Green Tree 

More than half of the Home and Family page of 
this issue is given over to reports from our Sisters' 
Aid Societies, but we have no excuse to offer for 
this encroachment on the space of that page. The 
Lord is blessing the work of our dear sisters, and we 
wish them God-speed. 

Bro. C. D. Hylton, of Troutville, Va., has been 
secured by the Mission Board of the First District 
of Virginia to do evangelistic work in the churches 
and mission points of that section. Those desiring his 
sendees will please address the District Secretary- 
3. Levi Garst, Salem, Va. 

The Lewistown church, Pa., finding her present 
church accommodations wholly inadequate for her 
growing needs, has decided upon an enlargement. A 
move of that sort is always indicative of congrega- 
tional activity and aggressiveness. We hope to hear 
of scores of others taking similar steps. 

The members of the Moxham congregation, Johns- 
town, Pa., feeling the need of larger quarters, pur- 
chased a house in a good location, formerly owned by 
another denomination. The newly-acquired structure 
has all needed improvements and seems to meet the 
wants of the congregation in every particular. 

By a misapprehension of our informant, the name 
of Bro. F. A. Myers, Polo. III., was taken from the 
Ministerial List of the Brethren Almanac for 1916, 
much to our regret. If our readers will kindly turn 
to page 45 of the Almanac and insert his name and 
address, as above given, the omission will be rectified. 

We are glad to be able to present to our readers, 
this week, the splendid sketch of the life of Aunt Bar- 
bara Gish, and a tribute to her memory, written by 
Bro. J\ H. Moore. It will be especially appreciated 
by the many who were personally acquainted with 
Sister Gish, and the ministers of the church who have 
been her beneficiaries. The only thing that need be 
added, to what Bro. Moore has written, is .the fact 
that the suggestion to which he refers and which led 
to the establishment of the Gish Fund, was his own. 

.Mention was made last week of Bro. Andrew 
Hutchison's eightieth birthday anniversary on this 
fifteenth day of January. On Christmas Eve he was 
remembered by some of his brethren and friends in a 
very substantial way. Those who had part in this 
practical appreciation were representatives of the 
church at Lordsburg, Cal., and of the surrounding 
churches, andi also of the church at McPherson, 
Kans., where Bro. Hutchison formerly lived. He ap- 
preciates very much this thoughtful remembrance by 
his friends. He says they were to him as the ravens 
to Elijah. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

Acting upon information sent us, the name of Bro. 
J. S. Masterson, Scottville, Mich., was stricken from 
the Ministerial List of the 1916 Almanac. He re- 
minds us of the omission, and we take pleasure in 
setting the matter right by this notice, suggesting that 
his name and address be inserted at the proper place 
in the new Almanac. 

Bro. J. Carson Miller, treasurer of the General 
Temperance Committee, sends us his financial report 
up to Jan. 1, 1916. It will be published in our next 
issue. What Bro. Miller says about churches and 
Districts, wholly' inactive in temperance work, so 
far as contributions are concerned, should cause some 
serious thought to those who have been so grossly 
remiss in their support of the work. Be sure to 
look for the report, and after reading it, get busy! 

The following resolution, recently passed by the 
Huntingdon, Pa., congregation, may be suggestive to 
other churches and individuals in preparing petitions 
and letters to congressmen, concerning the " pre- 
paredness " program: "The Church of the Brethren, 
Huntingdon, Pa., requests your influence and vote 
against the effort now being made to make of the 
United States a great military and naval power, in- 
stead of a leader in all the arts of peace, as hereto- 
fore." - ■ | 

A Discouraged Sunday-School Teacher. 

Thirty-six years ago the first Sunday-school, in 
our church in Northern Illinois, was started at Mount 
Morris. A short time prior to that time the Breth- 
ren at Lanark had a Bible school on the Lord's Day, 
but it was not called a Sunday-school. In those good 
old days there was opposition to Sunday-schools, and 
this, to a certain degree, was respected. The Mount 
Morris Sunday-school had at first but one class, and 
the teacher was Sister Mattie A. Lear, who at that 
time was teaching in the College. The then Presi- 
dent of the College also served as Sunday-school 
teacher. Very soon the school was regularly organ- 
ized, classes formed, and teachers placed in charge of 

The writer was appointed to take charge of a class 
of some twelve young men of the average age of 
twenty years. Three of the class were members of 
the church, and all of them were bright, active, lively 
youths. They were spending several years in Mount 
Morris College, and were doing good work along ed- 
ucational lines. They made a most interesting class 
and gave their teacher plenty of work in preparing the 
lesson. In those days we published no quarterlies or 
Sunday-school helps. Surely, we are living in better 
days now than we did then ! 

The teacher did his best, and was often impressed 
with the thought that his efforts were very weak, for 
he wanted to be in a class himself and have a good 
teacher. Discouragement came, and he often won- 
dered what the result of the weak labors would be. 
At other times encouragement came from the earnest- 
ness of the class. The work was made the subject 
of earnest prayer, and it was signally blessed of God. 

For some years this work continued, and it came 
to, be one of the most pleasant duties of life. The 
members of the original class finished their school- 
work and went out to start life for themselves, and the 
teacher, with deep and abiding interest, kept them in 
mind, and rejoiced in their success in life. There was 
a warm, personal friendship and a deep, brotherly 
love in his heart for them all, and he kept as much 
in touch with them as possible. It was a great joy 
to learn, soon after they left school, that about all of 
them had united with the church, later were elected 
to official positions and became earnest workers for 
Christ. Five of them were ordained to the bishopric, 
most of these have served on the Standing Committee, 
and some of them as officials of our Annual Con- 
ference. One of them, with marked ability, filled the 
position of Associate Editor of the Gospel Messen- 
ger and another spent some years in the foreign mis- 
sion field. Others have, and are now, filling places 
on important Committees appointed by our Annual 

As the years passed, some of these young men be- 

came intimately associated with their Sunday-school 
teacher in church work. He learned to hold them in 
the highest possible esteem. He accompanied one of 
them across the Atlantic, and assisted in locating him 
and his good wife in their new missionary home. 
For a short time he abode with them, and he re- 
visited them a few years later. He knew the brother 
as an earnest, devoted man of God, a minister of ex- 
ceptional ability, a warm-hearted friend, as true as 
steel, and a missionary willing to sacrifice life and 
health in the good work. He remained at his post un- 
til his health was broken, and he was compelled to 
come home. He sought the genial climate of Cali- 
fornia, hoping to regain his health, and we all hoped 
with him that lie might receive back what he had lost. 
He was at the head of the Committee of Arrange- 
ments for the Conference, held at Los Angeles in 
1907. Later he moved to the San Joaquin Valley, to 
secure a home and improve in health. He succeeded 
in getting a home, but the disease from which he had 
suffered so long, gained on him, and he finally suc- 
cumbed to it. The iron will with which he struggled 
against the malady was finally broken, and gladly the 
servant of God went to his long home in joy and 
peace. Not long ago I stood in the newly-made cem- 
etery at Raisin City, CaL by the side of his grave. 
On the neat tombstone, erected by wifely devotion, I 
read, " Elder A. W. Vaniman." 

The other members of the class still live and are 
among the active workers for the Lord. The teacher 
now sees most conclusively that there was no oc- 
casion for discouragement in the work performed 
more than a third of a century ago. Brother, sister, 
do not be discouraged in your good work! You know 
not what God will bring out of it, if you labor earnest- 
ly and honestly for him. D. L. M. 

" With Cords of a Man." 

" What man is there of you," asked Jesus of his 
audience at the Mount, who would give his son a 
stone for bread or a serpent for a fish?' By that self- 
answering question he sought to have his hearers un- 
derstand a Heavenly Father's feeling toward his 
children. Only " much more," of what is true of men, 
in this respect, is true also of God. " Much more," 
because, in comparison with God's perfect goodness, 
the best of men are evil, and can not be expected to 
rise to that high standard of action which is character- 
istic of his deeds. The illustration, though inade- 
quate, was nevertheless useful. No better could be 

At another time Jesus was addressing a mixed au- 
dience of bluebloods and social outcasts. He wanted 
them to understand God's attitude to sinners, how 
glad he is for an opportunity to pour out his love upon 
a penitent, returning wanderer. So he told them the 
story of a human father lavishing his love upon a way- 
ward son that had come back home. 

And once, much longer ago than that, a Hebrew 
singer would show how the great heart of God is 
touched with pity for his oft-erring children. How 
do you think he did it? How could he? Just this 
way : " Like as a father pitieth his children, so Je- 
hovah pitieth them that fear him." And do you not 
think his readers understood? You understand, don't 

In like manner, a great prophet of those ancient 
days, one of the very greatest, though we have classi- 
fied him as a minor one, simply because his book is 
not as long as that of some others, as if the value of 
a preacher's sermons depended on their length or 
number.— that great expositor of Jehovah's unquench- 
able love for his wayward people, from whom we had 
a recent lesson in the Sunday-school, — could find no 
more effective way of setting forth the intensity of 
that love than by making Jehovah say : " I drew them 
with cords of a man, with bands of love." Do you 
know how "cords of a man" can draw? Look at 
Hosea's picture of Jehovah's melting heart: "How 
shall T give thee up. Ephraim? How shall I cast thee 
off. Israel ? How shall I make thee as Admah ? How 
shall I set thee as Zeboiim? My heart is turned with- 
in me. my compassions are kindled together." 

" With cords of a man ! " More illuminating words 

are scarcely found within the covers of the Sacred 
Book. When prophet or Psalmist, or the Son himself 
would show us how God thinks and feels toward us 
and about us, he tells us it is like men think and feel 
toward those whom they love. Love in the heart of 
God is the same thing as in the heart of men, except 
that its measure is limitless, while that of men all too 
quickly fails. But the nature of the impulse is the 
same. To understand the character of God, we have 
hut to take the best, the noblest impulses of poor, weak 
men, and multiply them by infinity. This is the mes- 
sage of Psalm one hundred three and Hosea eleven 
and Matthew seven and Luke fifteen, and many an- 
other sacred page besides. What a crumbling of a 
lot of complex, man-made theological systems there 
will be when the import of this great and simple truth 
is clearly grasped! 

Listen, boys and girls, young men and young wom- 
en ! You have had good fathers and mothers, have 
you not? You know how they felt toward you, — the 
meaning of what seemed to you their overanxious 
concern, — lest your feet wander into dangerous paths, 
the reason of their rewards and punishments, and 
what they were trying to make of you. Well, there's 
the answer to your questions about how God feels to- 
ward you, and what you need to do to please him, and 
why it is worth while to try to please him, and what 
he wants to make of you. 

And you fathers and mothers also, grown up men 
and women, and grown old too, perhaps, by this time, 
how foolish you have been the way you have won- 
dered and worried about the plan of human salvation, 
how it is that the Supreme Ruler of the universe, 
whose majesty and laws must be upheld, can take a 
wicked sinner who has trampled these laws under his 
feet, and can forgive him freely and give him a new 
start. Well, you have had children, too, have you not, 
that were sometimes disobedient? And did some of 
you, possibly, have the sad experience of seeing a 
son or daughter go far down the way of sin, until 
your hearts were broken? And then, one day, the 
erring one came back, confessed it all, and threw her- 
self upon your mercy. And your hearts, so lately 
torn with grief too great for utterance, now seemed to 
burst for very joy. You know what you did. Why 
did you? How could you? 

That is just what God does, and why and how he 
does it. Only " much more." " Like as a father," 
you see. Now do you understand? Let us sit at 
Hosea's feet until we learn his great lesson ; until we 
learn how God draws his wayward, wandering chil- 
dren back to him "with cords of a man." 

" New Year's Musings." 

The motto of the true stoic is, " All goodness is 
good." And to deny this would seemingly be a con- 
tradiction of terms. But *vhy adopt a motto that is 
so self-evident? These days there can be some kind 
of a reason given for almost any position taken, that 
comes within the scope of human thought. Accepting 
"the stoical idea, a reason is anything that is reason- 

By way of our common phraseology, when speak- 
ing of certain things, we sometimes say: "It stands 
to reason." The "it," in this case, represents the 
thing which we are discussing. And if we can show 
that it does "stand to reason," we have made our 
point and stand justified, because a "reason" is a 
good foundation, beyond all reasonable contradiction. 

At our late prayer meeting, the leading thought in 
the subject was: " Should the hope of a reward be a 
main incentive to service?" 

The first question that comes to us, in this connec- 
tion, is: " If all goodness is good, is reward a good 
thing? Or is it a thing unworthy of our thought or 
attention? " 

What did God. our Heavenly Father, think about 
it? If he thought it was a good thing to inspire his 
children with good motives, good impulses, good feel- 
ings and good acts, it would seem right and good on 
our part, so to accept that inclination. 

As we study the subject, we find that " in the be- 
ginning " the divine impulse "was with God,"— came 
from God,— and it has been coming from him ever 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGBR— January 15, 1916. 

since. It is not to our hurt, but for our good, that 
through his continual goodness, thus made manifest, 
we may learn to love him, so that the desired service 
may follow. 

It is very true that love ought to give service, and 
it does. But while we accept this as being good and 
true, do we ask ourselves, " From whence cometh 
this love? " It does not comes of its own volition. 

We say that we love God because be first loved us, 
and it is true. Even while we were yet sinners, — go- 
ing contrary to his will and purpose, — we are told 
that he so loved us that he sacrificed, to the death of 
the cross, his only begotten Son, that if we would 
believe in him, as a free gift, he would reward us. by 
giving us salvation and eternal Hfe. 

God, as our beneficent Father, wants us to love 
him, yea, he craves our love. But that he may get 
this love fixed and real in our minds and hearts, he 
makes it so real and evident that we can't help but 
see and feel it. It will make us always willing to say, 
" We love him because he first loved us," — just as we 
are made to feel about our earthly parents. 

We know why we love our parents, and delight to 
serve them when we get old enough to have a real 
sense of true appreciation. It may well be that the 
sweet service, which we so delight to render to them, 
is prompted bv the love and tender affection for them. 

Yea, verily! But when was it that we discovered 
this love and affection? "When?"— do you say? 
From every smile, the pressure of loving lips, every 
watchful look, everv soothing word, even' sacrifice 
made, and every willing gift bestowed, from our child- 
hood all along the way up to manhood and woman- 
hood. And never do any of us. a* children, get too 
big or old to be a father's son or a mother's darling. 

Can a mother ever forget to love the child she bore? 
There is a bare possibility. Yet, says the Christ, " I 
will never forget, — forsake thee." 

Because God made us, he knows our humanity, and 
knows what we need most to make us and keep us 
his loving and serving children. And because of this 
he has not only robbed his own home of an only Son, 
-hut has ransacked the earth and the heavens to 
find gifts good enough to give, as rewards for meri- 
itorious service to ail his children who will love and 
serve him. Blessed be the God and Father of our 
Lord Tesus Christ, who loved us with a love that is 

nil , 

A sht 

igo we took a seat at our writing desk 
lo note down some New Year thoughts, as thev might 
come to us this first day of January. 1916. We did it 
without any special subject in mind for a heading. 
We now name it " New Year's Musings." H, B. b. 

Whose Fault Is It? 

There is an interesting variety in tr 
tions that reach the e'ditorial office of the Mi 
All kinds of hopes and fears, suggestions, and re- 
quests for counsel or admonition find expression here. 
A recent letter discloses a situation which ought to 
point a useful lesson, especially if, as is quite possible, 
the case is an example of others of its kind. 

In a certain community within the boundary lines 
of the United States of America, a newly-wedded 
couple took up their residence. The wife was a mem- 
ber of the Church of the Brethren. The husband was 
not. After five years of married life, the husband 
was easily won to the church through the efforts of 
an evangelist. During these five years there had been 
" never a preacher in the bouse," although, our in- 
lormant tells us, the preachers in the vicinity are "as 
thick as hops," and all the husband needed was " a 
friendly push." 

Now. candidly, isn't it too had that such conditions 
can exist? Is it possible that we have no more in- 
terest than this in the enlargement of the church and 
the salvation of our fellow-men? Without knowing 
more of the circumstances, we shall not attempt to 
say who was most to blame in this instance, but 
jt is hard to understand what kind of a conception of 
their sacred calling these preachers must have had. 
Did they consider that their responsibilities were lim- 
ited to the aulpit? Or was it a case gf everybody's 
bufiines? being nobody's business? * 

The preaching work of the minister of the Gospel 
is the smallest part of his opportunity to promote the 
progress of the kingdom. It is in his pastoral re- 
lation to his people, his ministrations heart to heart, 
that his richest field is found. Here is his oppor- 
tunity to know his people, to understand their prob- 
lems, to be their personal friend and counselor. A 
common idea of pastoral work is that it consists in 
making stated, regular calls on all the members of 
the church. This is a very formal view of it. The 
true pastor is one whose eyes and ears and heart are 
constantly alert to the personal needs of his people, 
as well as to the opportunities for personal evangel- 
ism among the unsaved of his community. 

To what extent the successful prosecution of this 
work requires a change in our system of doing it, 
there is r6om for question, but there is no room for 
question that we must, in some way, discharge this 
ministerial function more faithfully, or the cause will 
suffer greatly at our hands. 

What He Thought of Us. 

Early in December last, there appeared in The 
Christian Work, a three-dollar weekly religious mag- 
azine, published at 70 Fifth Avenue, New York, an 
article with the title " Among the Early Christians of 
Today." The " Early Christians " are none other 
than our own Church of the Brethren, and the article 
"is a somewhat belated echo of the Hershey Confer- 
ence. The writer of it attended the Conference and 
is giving his impressions of what he saw, The write- 
up is as interesting a characterization of our people 
from the pen of an onlooker as we have ever seen. 

The extracts given below are but a small part of 
the entire article, but are sufficient to indicate its- 
flavor and the view-point of the author. Two or three 
slight errors will be noticed by the reader, and he will 
also observe that the writer found a little to criticise, 
as well as much to praise. But we are sure that the 
Messenger readers will thoroughly enjoy what we 
have given. And we believe it will do them good. It 
certainly will, if it begets a deeper desire to live up 
to the picture he has drawn of us: 

It seemed like a sojourn among the primitive Chris- 
tians of the church. It had such an antique flavor; it was 
such utter simplicity; it was such literal Gospel. As I 
look back upon it, after a brief interval, it seems to me 
as if I had been with the joyous and simple-hearted Chris- 
tians of the early days of Christianity. 

They arc interesting to look at, for they bear test!-" 
mony to their faith even in their looks and dress. They 
have faces that show peace, contentment, simplicity and 
wholesomeness of life. Their dress is "plain clothes,"— 
cither black, drab or grey or brown, with concessions of 
blue or white for the young girls. The bonnets are plain, 
with a little lawn cap worn underneath. No jewelry of 
any kind is allowed. The men's suits are cut like the old- 
fashioned Quakers', and usually felt hats are worn, and 
full beards are the fashion. There are so many big, fine- 
looking old men, and so many kindly and gracious old 
women. _ Many of the young girls are pretty, rosy and 
buxom, and look as innocent as the flowers of spring. 

These are some of their special characteristics. They 
believe in the literal Gospel of Christ. They celebrate 
the Lord's supper as a sort of love feast, with coffee and 
cake and songs and testimonies, then a service of feet- 
washing, which they believe is a valuable and permanent 
teaching, and afterwards the communion service of bread 
and wine, as most churches celebrate it. They believe in 
immersion, a triple immersion face-forward, and this only 
for believers. They have no infant baptism. They do not 
believe in war, and will not take soldier duty. They do 
not believe in going to law, but settle all disputes by ar- 
bitration, by peace methods. And' they save a great deal 
of money in this way. They do not use liquor in any form 
nor tobacco. They help each other, and they have no 

They are fond of music, but they use no instruments of 
music. Their singing is excellent, as I learned that day. 
I heard about 5,000 of them in a song service in the great 
tabernacle, and it was delightful. The singing was led by 
a frail young woman, clothed in white,— with a little 
lawn cap,— Sister Elizabeth Kline, teacher of music in. 
Elizabcthtown College, Etizabethtown, Pa. She looked 
like an angel as she led them, or like Deborah, the proph- 
etess, leading the hosts of Israel. The hymns and song's^ 
were mostly familiar ones,— the older hymns of the church, 
such as " I Need Thee Every Hour," and the later Moody". 
and Sankey songs. There are few, if any, that aeemed to. 
belong exclusively to them. 

It la refreshing to get among such, a primitive peGple, to, 
whom religion is the real thing, an.d, means so much that 

Ihey are willing lo be peculiar for its sake. It is a cross 
to be peculiar in this day and generation, and some of 
their young people d.o not stand the test, but wander off 
into other folds more in harmony with the world. 

As I sat there in the tabernacle with them, watching 
them at song and prayer, row after row of these people 
in the plain garb and with contented faces, — many with 
the rapt and intent spiritual look from their eyes, — it 
seemed to me a very wonderful assembly. It was impres- 
sive by its -massed simplicity. No other Christian as- 
sembly has ever so moved me by its looks and its way 
as this earnest multitude of primitive Christians. 

The religion of the Brethren is largely a country re- 
ligion. It does not make very great headway in the cities. 
Its leaders are not the learned, (for the city folk, but the 
great farmer class. And in this way. also, it reminds us 



an .ti- 


ud pe: 

ants of Galilee, and even of the Pilg 
also were largely a farmer and artisan class,— somewhat 
more primitive than the Puritans of Salem or Boston.' 
There is much in the native, sturdy qualities of these 
Brethren to remind one of the strong and earnest man- 
hood and womanhood of the early Christians of Plymouth. 
Of course, this primitive people have their faults and 
limitations. They have not given the attention to the 
higher education which was really necessary to their full- 
est development. They have been too suspicious of educa- 
tion, thinking that it would lower their spiritual stand- 
ards, nor are they any .too fraternal with other Chris- 
tians, who differ from them in doctrines or customs. They 
are somewhat bigoted and clannish. And also they have 
been too exclusively individual in their religion, and have 
laid too much emphasis on smaller matters to the exclu- 
sion of the greater. They have been afraid of putting re- 


tremely limited. It is a narrow life that they live, and a 
beautiful hut undeveloped ( hriMi.inily that they preach. 
Nevertheless (hey are such an excellent and wholesome 
people that their virtues arc far in excess of their defects. 
The Brethren are a smalt folk in comparison with the 
great denominations, but their testimony in the Christian 
church is not in vain. If (heir spirit of simplicity, of peace, 
of temperance and thrift were more widely prevalent, we 
should have a sweeter, kindlier and happier world. 

The Songs We Sing. 

A noted writer recently maintained that " there are 
more lies sung on Sunday than are spoken during the 
entire week." He had reference to the highly-ex- 
alted sentiments, characteristic of many of our best 
songs and hymns, and frequently made use of by the 
Sunday .worshipers without considering their real 
meaning. To sing, " All to Jesus I surrender," is a 
lofty determination, but unless we are willing to live 
Up to it, in every sense of that expression, we are ut- 
tering an absolute untruth. To be strictly honest, we 
should make the words of our songs a real expression 
of our very selves. Anything short of that will but 
serve to show our utter inconsistency. The words we 
sing should be in perfect harmony with the general 
trend of our lives. 

Blood Money. 

A recent number of the Missouri Valley Farmer 
contains a stirring article under the title " Isn't This 
Blood Money?" After describing the output of 
seventeen different companies, now engaged in the 
manufacture of munitions of war, the article con- 
cludes : 

and n 

mnl'actiiPT- favor " preparedness for wa 
What do they care about broken lion 
ns and disburdens of future genemtior 

of thii 

you? Then get after the congressman you helped to elect, 
—he'll need your vote again— and tell him what you and 
your neighbors think about the national administration's 
plan to turn this nation from industrial pursuits into "a 
whirlpool of militarism. Vote against this " War Pre- 
paredness " by counseling with your congressman. 

Too Much or Too Foolishly? 

Shall we ever learn that God is more willing to- 
give us good things than we are to take them? The 
trouble with our prayers is not that we ask too much ; 
it that we ask too foolishly. There is no 
danger of overstepping the limits of God's love. 
There is danger that our ignorance should presume 
to dictate the form that love must take. God always 
has larger blessings for us than we have room for, 
but Infinite Wisdom may know a wiser method of 

bestowing them than bu ever entered our little con- 
ceited -heads, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 


Royer, Elgin, 111., Secretary an<3 Treas 
Sunday school Board. — H. K. Ober, 

cheater, InoV, , 

Blough, Viee-i 

-yl'ttWin, 111.; Levi Mln 
oadway, Va.; J. S. Zlmtm 
oo, Iowa; Lafayette 81 
mlttee: J. E. Miller, Lafayette 

i Like; 
t.e Pte 

■d, n 6hl. 

?an Buren Street, lit ■<.■■-■■.' 

Annual Meeting' Hallway Committee. — P. S. Miller, Roa- 

A nun ai DSeetlug' Treasurer, 

, Greenville, Ohio. 
Elgin. 111.; J. W 




The Church of (h 



A collec 

tion was 



or S 


Carrie S 

Ilivan, he 


rtd their 



of c 


■11,— their 

home am 

early all 

Is conten 

s ha 



n de 

troyed by 

fire. Som 

( the children wer 


led i 

mil their 

beds wer 

lready on 

lire. They g 




which b 

rely save. 

he other 


of the hom 


i a grucs 

omc death 

istcr Wa 

Iter Tho 

rl S 



vere appo 

inted as 

a c 


: of 


rs for til 


ngs in We: 

• We decided to hold a serie: 

next October, leaving the se 

with the elder. Our Jove feast will be held May 6, at 2 

P. M. 

The men's organized Bible class recently had a rousing 
meeting at Bro. Frank Garner's. President Paul Bowman, 
of Blue Ridge College, and the writer were the special 
speakers of the evening. It was decided to distribute 
free-will offerings of baskets for some of the needy in the 
neighborhood, before Christmas. Large quantities of use- 
ful provisions were brought to the home of Bro. J. W. 
Thomas on the evening of Dec. 23, where, with the teach- 
es of the class arranged for the distribu- 


The cradle roll superintendents gave gifts to their more 
than one hundred cradle roll children. The young la. 
dies' organized Bible Class will hold its regular meeting 
in the near future. The teacher-training class finished the 
study of the Old Testament History on the evening of 
Dec. 16, and with a review, will be ready for their third 
written examination, leading to a diploma. The Mission, 

Lydia Trostle, 

Plory, Brldge- 
i, Hoovera- 


third quarterly payment of $40 for Home Missions 
nade. Prof. Jno. T. Roycr, superintendent of the 
ninster Sunday-school, read a letter, Dec. 19, to the 
I, concerning orphans in China. The school de- 
to maintain an orphan. This school, under its good 

of teachers and officers, goes steadily forward in 
siasm and interest. W. E. Roop. 

itminster, Md„ Dec. 23. 


Bro. Samuel Weybright, of Maryland, passed away ot 
Friday morning, Nov. 26, 1915. He was a grandson o 
Jacob and Elizabeth (Fetter)- Weybright, who lived nea 
Salem, Ohio, and a son of John and Ann Roycr Wcy 
bright, who settled on a farm along the Monbcacy", nea 
Keysville, in the spring of 1837. Father was horn ot 
this farm Nov. 26 of the same year. Here he was reared 
and here lie lived for over sixty-three years. 

Dec. 7, 1856, at the hands of the late Bro. D. P. Sayler 
he was received into the church, and for sixty years ren 


We met in council Dec. 12, with' Eld. Geo. W. Hilton 
presiding. Three letters were granted and three received 
by letter. Officers for the coming year were elected as 
follows: Bro. R. F. Hiner, elder; Bro. F. F. Dull, clerk; 
Bro. H. J. Baker, trustee; Sister Vesta Cline, Messenger 
correspondent and agent; Bro. C. H. Maust, a member of 
the Local Mission Board. Bro. H. J. Baker and Sister 
Anna Zimmerman, Sunday-school superintendents; Bro, 
Geo. Bancroft, secretary-treasurer; and Sister Su.tphin, 

On the morning of Dec. 13 our retiring elder, Bra 
Geo. W. Hilton, began a series of meetings, and on the 
morning of the fourteenth we met for baptismal services, 
at which time two of the Chinese boys from our down- 
town mission were baptized. Bro. Hilton labored earnest- 
ly, preaching, in all. fifteen well-prepared sermons, and 
giving one lecture on the Chinese famine relief work in 
China. On Sunday morning. Dec. 26, we had Hie pleasure 

We met in council Dec. 8. Our elder, Bro. Uriah Bixler. 
assisted by the writer, presided. One letter was received. 
AH business passed off pleasantly. The building commit- 
tee made its final report, stating that up to the present a 
little more than $7,000 had been expended on rebuilding. 
The report was accepted, a unanimous rising vote of 
thanks being tendered the committee for their faithful 
service. Brethren Frank and John Garner were reelected 
Sunday-school superintendents, with Bro. D. M. Long and 
Harry Devilbiss as home department superintendents. Our 
King been legally changed, our church 

remarked to him that it was about as much an examina- 
tion of the teachers as it was of the pupils. The Girls' 
School fared a bit better. In fact, he was well pleased 
with the work done, and was especially interested in fhe 
Kindergarten and the Domestic Science work. 

Government mslnu-ls i lie Inspectors of Schools to do 
everything possible to encourage the Girls' Schools. 

On the whole, both schools showed, good progress. 
New classes have been formed and, after having fifteen 
days' vacation in the schools, the work of the new school- 
year has been begun, 

Some new equipment has been provided, and we hope 
that this year's work will be better than that of last year. 

The mission is making an endeavor to put three or 
four boys in teacher-training schools. Trained teachers 
arc needed throughout the mission. 

-During vacation. Sister Shumakcr and Bro. Blough and 
family took an outing to the Dangs. We arc glad to re- 
port that Bro. Blough has been able to do much more 
work than a few months ago. though yet he finds that he 
must be very careful, and he can not carry full work. 
Bro. Pittenger's, living distant from the rest of us, ap- 
preciate very much having some of us visit them from 

At this writing Sister Shumaker is not well. She has 
kept very close to her work and needs a rest. We hope 
that she will soon be herself again. She 

Dec. 23 we had our love feast here. The occasion was 
enjoyed by all. Bro. Holsopple officiated. 

The Sunday previous thirteen were baptized. Among 
them were seven children,— mostly children of former 
orphans. There was also an aged lady, whose sons have 
been in the mission now for many years. Friends have 
talked with her from year to year, and finally she gave 

Drs, Cottrell have been away now for nearly three 
months, taking a vacation and also inspecting medical 
work in other missions. They •stopped off here a few days 
on their way to a few places south. During this time we 
were able to make approximate plans for the Hospital 


■ch alw 

always ready to help. When Blue Ridge College was agi- 
tated among the Brethren, he was asked whether $10,000 
could be raised in Eastern Maryland, and his quick reply 
was, " Yes." He lived to see Blue Ridge College rise 
and grow, and the sum .above referred to was given over 
and over by church members interested in education. 

The accompanying photograph of him and mother was 
taken on the fiftieth anniversary of their wedding day. 
Father's remains were laid away in the cemetery at Rocky 
"Ridge, on Sunday afternoon following his death. The 
day was fair. From among his many friends, eight hun- 
dred to one thousand people attended the funeral. Breth- 
ren Chas. D. Bonsack, T. S. Fike, J. H. Utz, A. P. Snadcr, 
C. S. Byers, L. J. Flohr, and others, from adjoining con- 
gregations took part in the services. Bro. Bonsack de- 
livered an able sermon from Deut. 3: 25, comforting and 
encouraging to the family and friends. 

Thumiont, Md„ Dec. 20. John S. Weybright. 

Tho latter Pflft of October the Government Educa- 
tional Inapector -was here to inspect our schools. In the 
Boys' School he was a Mt hard o,i th? teachers, and I 



the very next day the village officer came to inspect the 
site and ascertain whether there is any reason, from the 
Government angle, why permission should not be granted. 
He was satisfied, and very likely permission will be grant- 

For many years we have much needed the Hospital, 
and we trust that now there will he a hearty response, 
and ill.- funds forthcoming to allow the erection nf nced- 

wc saw the unusual in the mnnsnou season 
re rain in October than in either August o 
The outlook for crops was threatening, lui 

■op, yet famine was stayed. Praise God fo 
d goodness to us all! A. W. Ross. 

dered faithful service. AH his life was one of serv 
we frequently heard him talk of hauling stone for the 
Rocky Ridge house, built in 1851, and organized from the 
Beaver Dam congregation in 1855. 

Father was one of the sweet singers in Israel. He 
led church music for many years, was an active Sunday- 
school worker, and served as church treasurer and dea- 


ival in the Sunny South, and enj< 


Id climate, we have not sat down and folded our hands. 
Though we have no church, and are deprived of working 
with our own people, yet we find a place to worship. 
We attend services with the Methodist people, and have 
been assigned the young men's class in Sunday-school. 


u. lav-- 



3 P, M.,— both 

ed, "Yes. it could nol be any I 
rybody goes to church here." Pre 
'or some of the churches lo lake i 

of the: 


There are three Brethren families li\ 
together. We often spend the evening togther, and have 
our season of worship. After all, it is religion in the 
home that counts. The people here seem to be religious. 
and their morals are above the average. Indeed, it 
looks to me that this would be an ideal place for a colo- 
nization of Brethren. 

I am glad -that Bro. J. H. Moore is working along that 
line, but the brethren that are coming to Florida are 
scattered too much all over the State. Everyone thinks 
he has the best location. Why not move together and 
build up a strong church? We have a few churches 
scattered over the State,— some of them very small. They 
are struggling along for an existence. 

The Florida people seem to be religiously inclined, and 
if they had the Gospel preached in its purity, it seems to 
me it would be accepted, and many strong congrega- 
tions might be built up down here in the Sunny South. 
There is very little known of the doctrine of the Church 
of the Brethren in this State. I think it would be a good 
plan for the General Mission Board to take up the work. 
There could be much accomplished. May God speed the 
day when this State shall have many strong churches 
of the Brethren! B. F. Lightncr, 

R. p. 2, Box 350, Bartew, Fig,, Dec. 19. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. endau^b'ut a*a hi " s '" "''"'i ""' hiB Uf6 ' 8 Y"') ""h ? 1t m— MICHIGAN. 

17 Mrs. Zona i;""n,"''i; 'V' V Rox^ffPaSior a 'Iowa Tan 1 Cliipporwa Creaks-Jan. 2 Eld. Robinson, of Vestaburg, 

i. 1, Can.-tl, tn.l., Jon. 3. ,■!] D( „. •■„, wild our elder, Bro. .1. n. C.ouRhnour. presidium I'^a.'-hTri'lT Si 


. C. Suavely J,",' 1 ^^''. ",";, ',' ^'"/n'.'If ';,'' ' 

correspondent: Bro 

•eelve.l Mrst treasurer, Bro. Oar 
■o'l at North ,'oi'respnndeul : s'isr, 

.secretary; Cecil Bally, 

ene.l in council. In the absence of the ler, clmrisler; Curtis Tdoser, librarian. We decided trim-pan- H|li " : ''"' ""isl..r Cor three years; Hie writer, correspond"!, I. 

ed. Bro. Yoder, of Nappanee. Ind., \ 7 .e a cradle roll and home .l,|Kirim,Mit, with Sisie,- m,m ;i "'" ~ nu,L " ■ — u '"'\ "■'-'- .' '-" -■' '"■'-"' l "'' ll .'■'-"- ' ] ' i lf>,f - -""-1^ ™ 

Yo.ler Is locating with us. ,m,l \v ra.skcy, superl r.tenden I oi' horn.,, department mid Sister loe ■'-unci lnl end. -n I . fcister Mara T.nng. dim,r : Si-ter Pimple 

I family a welcome In our midst. We Bryles. cradle roll supeiin tdidw.t ; U, o. ".I „, Bryh-s. t'hris- K ' 1V ' ^".'I'^V-Kcllf."' *' 

en'tTBro^ Col.^1 rrasnref; ''lice' Ilvas" " r U " '^Ye'hnd ''lhat ^!m' ',,rr-!'nt ehur' h 'build 'in- 'is 'too **** City.— Bro. W. 


Lake View ( 

eulnp hour, was occupied by Bro. Clyde C. 

on services for the Sunday-e 
Staple Grove. 

preaching services because of sick- Dec. 26, 

as con'auctini 

Yale, Iowa, Christian Workers' committee, J. E. Erlckson and S 
Whitehouse: agent for chiir-h literature. Sarah Whiter 

slrvU-l] '«';. UTtle' Treasure Cl'V^in;,-- on^of the^Sut! 

V'^'iI'l'I^^vVTllo^l,' SmihIm' "loiMnF nmi n money! h, wri"u^ organised ou^forcl^here^or letU^^eS?*!!!? "wel-e^eceTved" 'wrSuwediJu 

\]\,']--X-h--r<l.'^Zv"s]J^r " notlle '- >'e«r as- follows: Sunday-school superintendent. Cm'-, lectins of an e v a iig,' i 1st ' f„i another ..ear.'' Th 7 f o 1! W 1 n g 

lio. .lesse Rndsdey, treasurer; J^"','"", S ".|,''"' i "''/ . Y":. ''' : " : " : ,'' '^""'^.'l. F '' " , .'" 1 ' : " lli ^' ! ' "'" : ' l ' ry WCMC flr-'.-tr-J : Trustee. Win. Fiery; clerk, Arthur M 

Huff as superintendent. Seven '° superintendent, ; IM ^ ■] lln J F " il '' 1 . ; ''p"' 1 .' ''.'"" : ' ' ' f,r '' '' ] ' : lllis ' ioll ' llv solicitor, Ora Mole. The writer was rei-le 

!o\ 71, Van Enron. Ind., Dee. :1 1 . p S .''' r ] T 'pf- "^ ;n,li 'l v; '' 'p'"' 11 r ' „ r ' Slster Klr| t- — M 'ss Cora president of Christian Workers' Society. We>e 


- inpr — nila Stiri, -Laugh 
Maple Grove.— Our s« 
ducted by Bro. Geo. 

■lueted by Bro. Geo. Mlshler. of Cambridge. Nebr. He did ex- number, Si-|.- r Ida Tlninlr. has been vc-i y ill. She called for th.- board of trustees' Pr<> Herman Unrminl; was elected in 

counting the cost. Sister Opal Hummer, of Portland, led In began to improve, until she lias almo-t fully recovered her -I'lperhitenden t' °Bro ' I Tame) ' s, .!',■'■■ mVv.'i re l\inv" l ''n\id' Si" « 
sonp service, and did much personal work in the neighbor- health, to the great joy of all. — Mary C. Geiman, Lamed, ' (pl ', ,,,,', ^■ ljl ^ ^ n|l|1| : hll , .„,;,.,',,,' ',',■' n,',. ,,", imarv 'depai'tm'ent.' ^ 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

Oregon, wa 

Meeting. J51d. 

r, M.-AUstc 
If. Flory. 

s. — Mary S. Haboeker, 

■cling I 

I until Doc. 

i powerful i 

I elected her officers, 
, Wlndber, Pa., 
f S toners town, 


1, Wli 
of Stt 

result, fifteen 
led, th 

;er, Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 

will be rededicated Jan. 

Williamsburg, ; 

as follows: Br 

tctivlty along a 
ilons. During i 
George's Cree 

P. Merry i 
s' Meetlni 

council Dec, 

jiei'Mny-s are planiiei 
Hunting-don church 

: Immediate aci 
, Huntingdon, 

Is too small. We t! 
lot of ground, 40x1 

was with us on Su 
i temperance In the n 

Owing I 

Street, York, 


Booiiob Creek. — Our series of meeth 

■ luring the last V week, :il though increased 
prevailed throughout. Wo feel ■ 
[dished for the church and com 
and Christian Workers' Meeting* 
attendance. Since my la.sL repor 
In our midst, and delivered four 

and iit ten Live audiences ii.tteiidr>. 


neeting Is getting iilung nh 

j. A. M, Isenberg as secret 
showed an avi 


i greatly helpe I, 




y Spirit 

angelisiu \ 



'i, 1 .'.','!.' 

h Is" St 

Tjus\ V one e ' 

lately. It 


rmerly occupied l\v t 
Suiidfiy-sehool and clu 

la Col 



,-.!.,„, r, 

Swl-Bn. J 

:■' ',:;; 

1.1 ,. : 

— M"rs. Harvey 

Shumake d r 1 C S 




This is the designation of a new kind of celebration of 
our Savior's birth. The White Christmas was brought 
to public notice just recently, in an issue of the Sunday 
School Times. A member of our Christmas program 
committee read of it, sent for the little book, "White 
Gifts for the King," by Phebc A. Curtiss, published by 
the Times, and we adopted that method of celebrating 
Christmas this year. 

A "White Gift" is one that is given to another, with- 
out expecting a return, except as God blesses the giver. 
" Inasmuch as ye did it to the least of these," said the 
Master, "ye did it unto me." So a gift to some needy 
and worthy person, cause or institution, is a gift to the 

The following legend is the basis of this White Gift 
Christmas: . 

Spanogle. together with t 

So our church gave white gifts to the King this year, in- 

THE GOSPEL. MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 

stead of treating the children according to time-worn 
custom. And the total value of all gifts amounted to 

The entire program was worked out by the various 
classes, no class knowing what other classes were doing. 
Every class had a song; in the classes with smaller chil- 
dren recitations were interspersed in their songs and 
choruses,— everything appropriate to their gift. 

\fter devotional exercises on Sunday evening, the 
program was opened by the superintendent of the cradle 
roll presenting a wardrobe for the Orphans' Home at 
Mexico, Ind., as the contribution to the King by the 
mothers of the cradle roll members. She was followed 
by the classes from 1 to 10, who responded in their proper 
order, no program being called, and they went through 
[he entire part of their program at that time. 

It so happened that several classes donated to the 
I Irphans' Home at Mexico, although none knew thai 
Others were contributing to the same place. Some thir- 
ty children of class No. 1 presented as many gifts to the 
orphans; No. 2 gave as many Testaments as there were 
members in the class; No. 5 presented envelopes, the 
contents to be sent to Mexico; No. 7 contributed treats 
for each of the iwenty-oue inmates of the Old People's 
Home at Mexico; and our Chinese boys sent a large box 
in the orphans. 

Class No. 3 cheered an invalid boy of our city by re- 
membering him; No. 5 gave a gift of service later to an 
aged man who had a large woodpile. No. 6 presented 
money for the support of a native worker in India for a 
year. No. 8 purchased an outfit of clothing for a needy 
member of the church, who is so advanced in age that he 
tan no longer work. No. 9 presented gifts to the "ex- 
pounders of the Word." 

Classes Nos. 4 and 10 gave to the support of Home 
Mission work. The treasurer of the Sunday-school had 
been instructed by the school to give $15 to World-wide 
Missions, instead of using about that amount to treat 
the school. The Chinese boys gave $25 from their Sun- 
day-school treasury for the Mission in Southern China,— 
their home province. 

In addition to their other contribution, class No. 7,' 
Sister Gladie Miller, teacher, gave treats, to each of the 
sixty-eight inmates of our County Poor Asylum. On 
Tuesday evening following the exercises, the class pre- 
sented their gifts in person. The superintendent of the 
asylum had arranged that most of the inmates could 
assemble and meet the class. These poor, aged people 
enjoyed the evening, and some of them joined in singing 
old, familiar songs. The class enjoyed their experience 
greatly, and some expressed a desire to go again. 

The meetinghouse was full that evening, owing to the 
fact that both daily papers of our city had announced 
the White Gift Christmas a few days previously. All en- 
joyed the services, and many expressed their delight and 
approval of the work accomplished. A spirit of giving 
pervaded the services, — giving of self, service and sub- 
stance. Before concluding, Bro. Bollman remarked that 
much substance had been given, and several pledges to 
give service. He thought it not unreasonable that some 
one would give self to the King. Thereupon he extended 
the imitation and one precious soul came to the Master. 
A week later he was baptized. 

A week has passed since our Christmas program, and 
many comments have been heard. The inspiring part of 
it is, that so many feel as one man expressed it to a 
member, " You people of the Brethren church had a real 
Christmas this year." 

It seems to be a foregone conclusion that we shall 
have the same kind of celebration of the King's birthday 
next Christmas. Certainly we can all give white gifts 
to the King. We need not wait until Dec. 25 to do it. 
It has inspired us to greater work; we love the King and 
his reign the better for it. 

Should any one desire to know more about the White 

Christmas, the book, referred to at the beginning of this 

article, will give them many ideas; or the writer will 

cheerfully answer inquiries if stamp for reply is enclosed. 

Elkhart. Ind., Dec. 31. Walter A. Grosh. 

classes to furnish three hundred sacks of candy and nuts 
for our own little folks here, who seldom know such 
kindness from their fellow-men. McPherson did this last 
Christmas also and received such an assurance, in their 
own quiet joy, of God's approval that they again sought 
to show their love for his little ones. 

Besides these treats, McPherson sent other things to 
be used for the needy. Then, too, a male quartet, con- 
sisting of J. Clyde Forney, Ernest Tkenberry, Samuel 
Bowman and Royal Hylton was very much appreciated 
by our people in the little program that we gave. Surely 
God will abundantly bless them! Cora Boone. 

632 E. Eighth Street, Hutchinson, Kans., Dec. 29. 


At this Christmastide the little mission of Hutchinson 
desires to express its thanks to its many friends for the 
joy and happiness they have brought into many little 
lives here. Yes, and to big ones, too; for many homes 
have been made happier by the spirit of love that has 
manifested itself at this time. 

Perhaps the children of the Monitor church, who. so 
filled with the love and generosity of the little Christ 
Child, sent toys and useful gifts to our children, will 
never know how much happiness they have given. The 
older folks, too, who so generously gave of their abun- 
dance, may never realize the extent of their beneficence. 
The two auto loads of things that came from the church 
were certainly an evidence of brotherly love. 

But the people of Monitor were not the only ones 
who interpreted the Christmas spirit aright. The chil- 
dren of the McPherson church were just as generous and 
loving when they gave up their own Christmas trval and. 
with hearts of Uive, helped the three girls' 



Dec. 12 was a notable day in the history of the Ephrata 

church, their newly-remodeled church edifice, on Church 

Avenue, being rededicatcd on that day. It was an all-day 

affair, and at all the services of the day and evening, large 

congregations of devout worshipers were in attendance. 

The Sunday-school was called to order at 9: 15 A. M. 

The attendance at this session of the school numbered 

355, being more than a hundred larger than the average 

attendance at the school. 

The morning service opened at 10:15, the opening re- 
marks being made by Bro. Samuel Zug, of Palmyra, Pa. 
Eld. I. W. Taylor, Superintendent of the Home for the 
Aged, at Neffsvillc, preached the dedicatory sermon, which 
was attentively -listened to by the large congregation 
which filled every part of the edifice. The discourse was 
based on Deut. 38: 35. His theme was " Rejoicing,"— the 
minister referring to this dedication day as being a special 
occasion of rejoicing to the members of the Ephrata con- 
gregation. A brief history of the Ephrata congregation 
was given. 

The origin of the Ephrata church dates from June 1, 
1S8S, when a Sunday-school was organized in whit was 
then the West Ephrata school building. The erection of 
a house of worship was completed during the fall of that 
year. Ten years later,— Sept. 2, 1899— the Ephrata 
church was organized as a distinct body. Eld. I. W. Tay- 
lor had charge of the congregation until April 10, 1909, 
when Eld. David Kilhefner took charge of the work as 
elder. When the congregation was organized, there was 
a membership of 132, which has now grown to a body of 
241 members. The enrollment of the Sunday-school, at 
the present time, is 446. In May-of this year the work of 
building the extension to the churcfi was begun. The 
church building was vacated July 18 of this year, so as 
to permit of the extensive remodeling. 

Bro. George Weaver, of Manheim, a former minister 
of the local congregation, delivered an appropriate and 
appreciative address, in which he complimented the mem- 
bers of the congregation on the completion of their church 
edifice and on the convenient arrangements of the same. 
At the afternoon service, the large auditorium, gallery, 
and Sunday-school class-rooms were filled to their utmost 
capacity, it being estimated that there were between 900 
and 1,000 people in attendance. Prof. H. K. Ober, pro- 
fessor in Elizabethtown College, and a member of the 
General Sunday-school Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, delivered a masterly address on "The Chief Factor 
in Effective Sunday-school Work." Prof. Ober claimed 
that the teacher, in applying the Word of God to the pu- 
pil, is the chief actor in Sunday-school work. Bro. Geo. 
Weaver delivered a splendid address on the theme, "The 
Sunday-school as' an Asset." His address was very much 

At 6:30 P. M., at the regular meeting of the Christian 
Workers' Society, Bro. H. R. Gibbel, of Lititz, delivered 
a most interesting and instructive illustrated address on 
the theme, "Sign-Posts in the Course of Life." 

At 7: 30 P, M., Prof. Ober delivered an eloquent sermon 
on the theme, "The Lord's Way," basing his remarks on 
the text recorded in Isa. 55: 8, 9. The sermon was replete 
with beautiful thought and valuable lessons. 

The offerings, throughout the day, were very liberal. 
The improvements of the church edifice aggregate in cost 
between $7,000 and $8,000, but the indebtedness incurred 
has practically all been paid. 

The music of the day was in charge of Mrs. J. M. Neff, 
who proved herself a most capable leader. All the serv- 
ices were largely attended, and all expressed their ap- 
proval of the efforts of tb / who had charge of the 
building arrangements. if, Gertrude R. Shirk. 




1 -Hoover. — By 

Culp and Slater : 

k-Lonff — By the undersigned, at the home 

Miller, Getlj 

sburg. Ohio. 


■B,„,« i .r,„,«.« J1 .„, k . M - 

Services at th 

by Eld. Henry 

, died Dec. Z~, l*»l"i, n-:ir Conway S|»in^s, 
n he was permitted to live only about fi 

el. Conway Si>i Ing*. Kan". 

e. On account o 

VT. Sullivan Oct 

Jgnett, Harry, of Glassport, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1916. 



Booker T. Washington 

I The Master Mind of a Child of Slavery. 

By Frederick E. Drinker. 

I The Biggest, Strongest, Most Appealing Life-Story of a Generation. A biographical tale which is 
I destined to live in history and furnish an inspiration for the hoys and youth of the country for 

The Great Leader of a Rising Race 

No home should be without this story of a man whose life achieve- 
ments and struggles are interwoven with the history of the Nation 
from the days of slavery. 

Profusely illustrated, handsomely bound and printed on good 
paper. Contains 3S0 pages. It is a volume that ought to be in every 
library and in every home — and it will be. Memorial Edition. Cloth 
Binding, Ink and Gold Sides and Back. 
Price, $1.00 

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To the Hook of Revelation is found in the Old 

Testament, since the pictures, symbols, types and 

emblems found in it first appear there. 



Brother M. M, Eshelman 

shows the proper bearing of many wonderful 
types and emblems. 

Brother C. W. Guthrie says: "Having com- 
pleted the reading of the manuscript of the ' Open 
Way,' I consider it a marvel of completeness, 
free from speculative theology, evincing large re- 
search; and the interpretation is clear, logical, 
and reasonable." 

• x - x - x - x - x - x - 


Here Are Two Companion Volumes 




Ijjfi QWHPM 

pouw in ff)f 
u)or(6 * + 


dsnmcly gotten up; title on 
cover stamped in gold. 
Either one or both of 
these volumes would 
make a gift which 
would not only be ap- 
preciated by and up- 
lift the recipient, but 

"FAITH, the Great- 
est Power in the 
World." — By Rev. 
Samuel McComb, D. 

A clear presentation ; : 
of the wonders which 
faith achieves in the 
iritual and physiological realms. 

" PRAYER, What It Is and What It Does."— 
f Rev. Samuel McComb, D. D. 

Emphasizes the aim, effect, and practicability 

The latest conception of the oldest force in 
! world, 
ice, per volume SO 

tt * : i : : . : ■ * x x x x - x - x - x - x, - 'M - x - x x : 

—:— :—:--:— :—; -: -:—;—:- 

Religious Education in the Family 

By Henry F. Cope 

This book takes up every phase of religious ac- 
tivity in the family. For instance. The Religious 
Place of the Family; the Meaning of Religious 
Education in the Family; the Child's Religious 
Ideas; the Home as a School; the Use of the Bi- 
ble in the Home; etc., etc. 

■ 300 pages, bound i 



z x : \ 

•X X X'X x* 

Christians and the Theater 

By James M. Buckley 

A calm and cogent statement of the charac- 
teristics of the modern stage, and a considera- 
tion of the duty of Christians in relation to it. 

■ 150 pages, bound in cloth. 


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The Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, III. 



uraged Sunday-school Teacher (D. L,. M.),.. • 

tar's Musings" (H. B. B.) 1 

What " He Thought of Us,' ".'.'.'.'/.'...'.'.'. \ 

Too Much or Too Foolishly? ' 


His.— Mine (Poem). By B. F. M. Sours : f 

Tin. Meal for a Chureh. By Kssnt Flory, I 

M.'lln^M™ thT'Blggest and Best. By j. Kurtz' Mil- _ 
Reminiscences' of "the' Winona Conrerence'of 'l913." " By ' 

ninvn Note*. By e'loienee linker Piltenger I 

rho Master Workman. — J. S. ABdredge. Side-Lights. — 

F. F. Holsopple. Four Million Pounds Dally.— Wil- 
bur Stover. The Moving Picture Showy. — 1. candor 

Mart ho.— William L«wls Judy. A Mirror.— Ida M. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

(Concluded from Page 46.) 

aftemOOD lo general Bible study. Bio. Zigler continued with 

lhe-=e meeting!!. Any one needing help along Sunday-school 
lines will do well lo" confer with Bro. Zigler. We met In 
council Dec. 29. with Eld. P. J, Wenger presiding. Bro. E. C. 
Wine was reelected Sunday-school superintendent. The prlv- 

Wengor. Sister Pearl Cllne, and the 1 
Sister Emma Ocheltreo 

lie First District of Virginia. 

evaiiRellstir work In "this Dlstrlc 
points desiring his services may cor 
;rsigned. — Levi Garst, Secretary-treas 

Ittees reported their 
i reappointed for thr 

l Temperance C( 

T. Henry for I 

Plea ■ ant Valley i 

rintendent.— Ruth 1 

following Sunilay-s 

etlngs at this place on Saturday night, 
eived Into the church by baptism and 


i officers 

te," Mm 

nday-school superlnU-nde 
cnt. We nc 
Byrd, living fifteen 

while our elder Is engaged in Bible and 

■ Gllck, Trevlllan. ] 

ongregatlon during the holiday season, beginning 

Gllck, elder; Bro. J. W. Miller, clerk 

correspondent. Brethren C. L. Snyder and L. A. Shumake 
our Sunday-school mperinieiidents, and A. A. Garber, Ch 
tlan Workers' president. We now have four ministers In i 
congregation. Bro. Byrd, living fifteen miles away, 
preaching points in four counties. Bro. CUngenpe 

evangelist h- 

e night of Jan. 2. A session was held each 
ng. Tt 

Iridgt-w iter 


■out thirty enrolled as regular ai 

secietary, Sister Pleeol.r Castle; chori-iei. Bio. I". Teinb.v. 
home department president and president of teacher- train- 
ing, Bro. C. A. Wagner; cradle roll superintendent. Sister 
Suselte Murray; Christian Workers' president, Siller rk'eohi 

e members living neai 
to continue two or three weeks. B 

be held at the close of the meeting.- 

Slster Bertha Maust; Sunday- 
s' president, Bro. Raula Hert- 
it. We reorganized our teach- 

Have!.; l:ol 
-lit, Sister 

; Valley.— Eld. uheii Hamslead, of Eglon, 

clement weather all tlirough the meeting and severs 

sickness. Bro. Hamstead is an able defender and e> 
of the Word. One applicant awaits baptism. — M. C. 

Bandy Creek' (Salem House). — On New Year's I 

sided. Bro. .las. M. Thomas was .-ler'lrd . lerli. Bio. .1 

Wolfe and Sisi.'-r Slella" ilalhrie; Child 'l;eseue, Brethr 
solicitors were appointed for the different sections. 1 
C. "Wolfe, superintendent. Brethrt 
history of the Sandy Creek congrei 
ship over the congregation. The i: 

appointed to 



[n our confciccniui. 

S£3!to ".Xff" 

o. J. W. Weddh as superintendent. On 

f«nS wfe°j™" b,e ° " 

ane.-Mr.. Frank Mock. R. D. 1 

Sr r Two ll !e, l 'er 1 s 0l of 


; ided. One letter of 



Jan. 16, Minneapolis. 


TreTliian chun 

(;fo)r a good com. 


1916. FOR AM 


will find tliat it fills 

the adult teacher to maK|j nat 

tive, interesting, ai 

will find their nee' 


, illustration, sh\[ 

ne Departments, 


members of Hi 

societies will find 


id young peoplc'sft 
JS invaluable. 1 




from the 

Twentieth Century New Tr 

A translation into modern En£ 

-st'pott and 
Made from the original Greek (Wl 
Text) by a company of abol 

Christian Church. 

This little volume contains only thtl 
the Apostles in MODERN ENGLISH. ]■ Word. 
" takes away from " tIp. sc hool 
Very convenient for reading the SundJT 

Price, single copies, H; e ach 

Price, in dozen lots, M : eacn 

Price, in hundred lots, 


/ %*J 

"WJaat It "V^ill I>o 

ao i o i o i oK i ao i o i o i ^^ 

The Gospel Messenger 


Elgin, 111., January 22, 1916. 


The Uplift of the Filipinos. 
Only those who have made themselves fami 
tlic campaign of education and spiritual cnlighle 
so persistently pursued by the United States Go 
in the Philippine Islands, — can realize the far 
importance of such a movement. American 
throughout the islands, are doing a wonder! 
among the rising generation, but there is an indir 
salutary effect upon the adults al: 

urge n 




promoting industrial i 
the Philippines is we 
movements of uplift, 

churches, founding hospitals ant 
nd social leadership. The futun 
1 assured by means of the vari 
iow in progress. 

A Deluded People. 
Competent authority credits the Mormons with some 
two thousand missionaries, scattered throughout the 
world. An American minister, after a tour of observation 
through Northern Utah and Southern Idaho, urges that 
something be done to present the truth as it is in Christ 
Jesus, to these deluded people. At a recent meeting of 
the Mormons in Salt Lake City, the way of salvation, as 
outlined by tLt.. tenets, was summed up by them as fol- 
lows: "(1) Tithing; (2) obedience to the priesthood; (3) 
feeding the poor: (4) observing the sacraments and fast- 
ing." These points evidently constitute the essence of the 
Mormon faith, and are a clear manifestation of "salvation 
by works." Throughout the Mormon church there is a 
most deplorable ignorance of the vital truths of the Bible 
and their application to everyday life 

The War and Missions. 
In a previous issue we referred briefly to the serious 
restrictions under which the German missionaries in India 
were then laboring. Recent reports indicate that prac- 
tically all the German workers have been placed in re- 
tention camps, and this will mean the complete aban- 
donment of their various missionary enterprises. In the 
one province of Bihar, the interning >of German mis- 
sionaries leaves 100,000 of their native converts absolute- 
ly without supervision. Their schools have been handed 
over by the British Government to the Bishop of Choto 
Nagpur, but as no mission workers seem to be available 
to take charge of them, the work is necessarily at a stand- 
still. British missionaries, in commenting on the depor- 
tation of German missionaries, deplore the fact that the 
Government has felt it necessary to take this step. 

Happiness in Activity. 
That happiness is not found wholly in an abundance of 
money and- a luxurious home, is "well illustrated by a 
recent incident,, related in an Eastern daily. It describes 
how the daughter of a millionaire manufacturer of Rhode 
Island became dissatisfied with her barren life of east and 
idleness, and decided to enter the business world as one 
of its many workers. She disappeared from her home, and 
when next seen had secured a department store position 
in Philadelphia, at eight dollars a week. When ques- 
tioned, she expressed her great joy at being actually of 
some use in the busy arena of life. She affirmed her ut- 
ter aversion to the wealthy and frivolous society world, 
and declared that she is supremely happy in earning her 
own living. The experience of this young lady may well 
l 'e applied to the spiritual realm. Too many of us do nit 
/nd the happiness in the Lord's work that we- might an 1 


be acth 

/should, bei 

Changing Scenes in Europe. 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 18) events of startling 
significance are crowding upon each other. Of chief im- 
portance, perhaps, is the reported surrender of Montene- 
gro to the central powers. Recognizing the futility of 
continuing the struggle, King Nicholas is said to have 
entered upon peace negotiations with Austria. The land- 
ing of allied troops at Phaleron, Greece,— only five miles 
south of Athens,— seems to indicate a determined attempt 
to force the Hellenic Kingdom into the struggle.— to fight 
on the side of the entente powers. In case of a refusal, 
an overthrow of the present Greek Government is hint- 
ed at, and the substitution of a republic, with Venizelos 
as head, is thought to be a possibility. Recent advances 
of Russia in the Caucasus and other points, as well as the 

'more deadly," it is reported." " than any made by the i 
lies." All of Roumania's surplus grain, amounting 
$50,000,000, has been purchased by the allies, the mc 
completely to " starve out Germany." 

ina, has faith in hu- 
it that is kept behind 
est during the recent 
all " trusty " convicts 

-tunity to make tlu-i 
rayed the Governor' 

ndcring whether bun 
ch needed lesson fr 

as scrupulously 
had ample op- 

of the 455 men 

faith in their 1 
nity in general. 
m the abundan 

faith of North 

The Power of the Bible. 
That Ihe Bible, without human agency, 1s able to trails- 
form a life was recently demonstrated in a Japanese 
prison, A letter, received by a missionary in the Island 
fc-mpire, starts with these significant words: ,L l-'r„m Niihi- 
mura Koneshin, who was dead in sins and was raised to 
newness of life through the light of Christ." The writer 
is serving a fifteen-year sentence in a Japanese prison. 
■Left motherless early in life, he was notoriously wicked 
so that his father placed him in a mission school. Ap- 
parently, however, Bible teachings had no effect upon h,in. 
ic, he finally landed in the peni- 
cntiary. There he had ample time to think about his 
liift. Like the prodigal of old, "he came to himself" 
iskcd for a Bible and began to study it with the greatest 
■incerity and earnestness. As "a brand plucked from the 
turning," he gratefully proposes to dedicate the rem 
lant of lifs days to the Lord's work, 

r dealings with the 
d of all faith in the 
very attitude of dis 
should lift up and ; 

Proving Things by the Bible. 

cd , 

oT Gr< 

iiduously quoting Bible passages, here 

in attempt to prove their position, 
wever, are wholly negl 

there, in the charges, which 

Irrigation for India, 
Far larger than the famous Nile system of F 
the recently-opened irrigation canal in [ndia, ivl 
322 miles .if main line and about 22,645 miles of i 
It will irrigate 2,200,000 acres of arid land, wll 
yield crops worth §11,190.000 a year. To be sure 
,—$35,000,000, not counting the' 


uld ■ 


ie will deliver 
Such a prepa 

Take, for 

the Lord with all youi 
inge gods . . . fron 
arts unto the Lord; ant 
f the hands of the Phil 
preparation means victory and a lasting 
ise of Ezra, when returning from Babyloi 
Ih his little group of Israelites and mail) 
he was urged to accept the escort of a 
to prepare to defend himself. Here if 
Ezra's answer: "L was ashamed to ask of the king a 
band of soldiers and horsemen, to help us against the 
enemy in the way, because we had spoken unto the king, 
saying, The hand of our God is upon all them that seek 
him, for good. ... So he was entreated of us." "I! 
God be for us who ran be against us?" 

npared, how 

trly ; 

Mi the 2,540,000 ■ 
enty-live irrigation projects 
original cost of $H6.0UD.<K>n, 


ong guard,- 

knowu a 

for india 
other irr 
thus evei 

lually doin 
The Chir 

ject has been establish,,!, is 
c redemption of so large a 
ral purposes will mean much 
lead to the establishment nf 
terevcr they may be feasible, 
nth India's famines. 

A Skeptic Turning to the Truth. 
Among some of the recent striking evidences of atheists 
leaving the empty beliefs to which they have long and 
tenaciously clung, none is more emphatic than that of 
Horatio W. ■ Bottomlcy, the editor of an English paper, 
Recently he frankly confessed: "Today, in my fifty-fifth 
year, and after about as strenuous a life as any man of 
that age has ever lived, I believe in God, and also in the 
immortality of the soul of man! In these soul-searching 
days no man can be content with a mere negative philos- 
ophy. The doubter must go to the wall. Mere rational- 
ism, however 'scientific,' has not a word of comfort for 
weary watchers or for broken hearts. I firmly believe 
that every noble actiorr, every lofty aspiration, every high 
an*- a legitimate result. There 

Press and Christianity. 
In every issue of the Peking Chinese daily. "The 
Nation's Power," a Bible verse is published. We are ml, I 
that the appearance of these Scripture gems is eagerly 
- looked for by its many readers, most of whom have had 
no other knowledge of the Sacred Volume than is thus 
afforded them, It should also be noted that many are 
thereby induced to purchase a copy of the Bible for 
further study. Missionary forces in China are making 
most excellent use of the various journals, by publishing 
articles illustrative of various phases of Christianity. 
These arc eagerly read, and productive of the best re- 
sults. It is really surprising to note how strong a 
power for Christianity the secular press in China is prov- 
ing to be,— far greater than in America. The editors of 
Chinese papers realize that their readers long to learn 
facts of importance about the Christian religion, and 
with true journalistic enterprise they arc ready to give 
the desired information. 

/ill be, 


n fact, a 



Should i 
my who ; 

World's ( 
who, aftei 
found bin 


tig a per 

"The Door-Bell Gospel." 
leading, ahove given, the editor of "The 
" gives the experience of an aged pastor 
ing faithfully served in several pastorates, 
in his declining years somewhat forsaken. 
d of illness in the family, and of personal 

aged pastor longed for a word of sym- 

Wrong Conceptions. 
Looking closely at the irritation that led to the present 
unfortunate struggle in Europe, and taking into consider- 
ation the leading arguments that are being urged for more 
adequate national preparedness in our own country, there 
is but the one cardinal cause,— " Thinking evil nf one 
another." Seemingly it is an incurable habit of prac- 
tically every nation, to attribute 1o others evil purposes 
which they themselves disclaim. In Congress, the phan- 
tom of possible invasion is made the chief argument for 
largely increased war preparations. Whether we realize 
the path that leads directly and 

ably t 


, fortunately. 

pa thy and 

somebody would ring our door-bell." It was the sudden. 
impulsive longing for friendly faces and voices,— an in- 
tense desire that would not be put off. As we thought 
about the little incident, we were made to wonder wheth- 
"ring the door-bell " kind of 
t acceptable to the many who 
There are those who have 

ill with a word of cheer would 
in tell. Why not make^ise of 
more of the " ring-the-door-bell " Gospel? Any one can 
employ it most effectually if he will. And what would 
happen if a whole church would get busy in this work 
of good cheer and helpful ministry? Would it not open 
many an "alabaster box" of tenderest love, and breathe 
Heaven's choicest blessings upon lonely, stricken hearts? 

: deliberately court danger. So far 

Of course, if Congress insists c 
correspondingly invincible navy, . 
be given for their necessity,— the: 



e of that 
ot be mo 



i tongue c 



told „ha 


Britain and France might possibly contemplate. Now. 
the most unfortunate phase of this matter is. that these 
calamitous predictions always have a tendency to fulfill 
themselves. Such an evil-fraught discussion can not pos- 
sibly be carried on in our Congress without Casting sus- 

the proverbial "chip on our shoulder" Must such thini*> 
happen? Must our nation cease to be a bearer of light 
and join the forces of darkness? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, J916. 


si " d i;r tz iv,;ir:sA '^^.'^""in^^ 

The Weaver. 

Let us lake to our hearts a lesson, no lesson can braver be. 
From (he ways of the tapestry weaver, on the other side 

of the sea. 
Above his head tlic pattern bangs, he studies it with care. 
\n,l while his fingers deftly work his eyes are fastened 

■ lhey tell ibis curious thing beside, of the patient, plodding 

He works on the wrong side evermore, but works for the 

It is only when the weaving stops, and the web is loosed 

Thai he sees his real handiwork, his marvelous skill has 

Aj ahe sight of its delicate beauty, how it pays him for its 
No rarer, daintier work than his, was ever done by the 

Then the Master giveth him a golden hire, and giveth 

him praise as well, 
And how happy the heart of the weaver is, no tongue but 

his own can tell. 
The years of man are the loom of God, let down from the 

place of the sun, 
Wherein we are weaving alway, till the mystic web is 

Weaving blindly but surely, each one his own fate, 

We can not see how the right side looks, we can only 

Tiut looking above for the pattern, no weaver need have 

(Only let him look elear into heaven, the Perfect Pattern 

Mi he keeps the face of our Savior, forever and always 

litis toil will lie sweeter than honey, his weaving is si 

to be right. 
.'Vnfl when his task is ended; the web is turned a 

lie silioJJ bear the voice of his Master; it shall say to h 

•"W.cjl done." 
\ii,l ill- white-winged angels of heaven to bear li 

hence vvhall come down; 
And God for his wage shall give him. i 

Our Failures, — Plus Christ. 


Some one lias said : " He who learns from his 
failures and the failures of others, is a wise man and 
has hopes of increasing in wisdom and godliness. But 
he who gives up because of failures, is a fool and 
shall henceforth decrease in strength of character." 
Failure is no final doom for any one. What is a 
failure? It i~ a challenge to make a fresh effort to 
find every last possibility within you, which, as yet, 
is not harnessed for success. Again; every failure 
gives us a renewed claim upon Christ, who is no fail- 
ure, but who is the Friend of him who does fail, He 
.came to save sinners. At best, we are, as the Book 
-says " unprofitable." 

One of our Italian brethren came to me utterly dis- 
couraged, saying: "The devil is thundering in my 
.ears that I am a failure, and hence I can't be saved. 
Oh, I wish that I had your faith!" "It is not my 
faith," I said, " that you need. You need faith in a 
great Savior." When we seem at our worst, in our 
own eyes, we are at our best for Christ to save us. 

When a person has utterly failed even, the best 
way to aid him is to manifest confidence in him. 
Search your own life, and recount how often God 
used this method with you. If he had dealt out to 
you, instant condemnation only, every time that you 
failed, where would you be today? How very unlike 
the Master we are in our treatment of each other! 
And this is one reason why we help each other so 
much less than we could, if we but would. 

David was failing badly in ways that undermine 
character in more ways than one, yet God brought him 
lo a halt, and, through Nathan, placed him squarely 
od his feet again. God did not say: "I have lost 
confidence in you and hence have positively no use 
ior you." This is the way men talk and speak of 

each other, — especially novices, who have much to 
learn, as yet, from him who trusts and encourages 
us a hundred times for once that he rebukes. Why 
not help others, if we see that they need help towards 
victory, in God's own method of dealing with souls? 

My final word is this : No matter how often you 
have failed and thrown yourself upon the doorstep 
of God, repeat again the great promise, " Him that 
cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out." Best of 
all, Christ desires to consolidate his life with ours and 
swallow up all our failures, as though they had never 
been in existence. He is able to lead captivity captive 
and does it for the sake of those who fail. How does 
lie do it? We need not understand the " how " of it; 
we must believe that Christ can and will do it for 
such as fling themselves on the doorstep of his mercy, 
and rest the whole case in his hands. 

Accept him afresh, for he can save to the uttermost. 
In him we may die, and end all life's failures at the 
grave. They go no farther. Vain man will some 
day weary of peddling them among his friends. 
Christ is our Life. Yield wholly to him, and in the 
end all our failures will be, like " death and the 
grave," — swallowed up in victory through our Lord 
Jesus Christ. 

664 Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Bro. Young's Book and Other Books. 


We are in receipt of a copy of Bro. E. S. Young's 
recent book, " The Acts of the Apostles," and are 
thereby reminded of the fact that the author is doing 
his part in helping to vindicate Solomon in his decla- 
ration, "Of making many books there is no end" 
(Eccles. 12: 12). Several thousand new books come 
from the press each year. Some of them are good. 
A few are very good, while others are bad, and some 
of them arc decidedly evil in their tendency. 

Bro. Young's book must be entered with the class 
that will help men and women to a better knowledge 
of the Scriptures, and aid them in reaching the higher 
and better plane of thinking and living. It comes 
from the press at a most opportune time, for, follow- 
ing the International Sunday-school course, we are 
to spend the greater part of the present year in Acts. 
What Bro. Young has to say will prove helpful to 
every Bible student who chooses to make use of his 
book in preparing his Sunday-school lessons. Prac- 
tically the whole Book of Acts is treated, by sections 
and chapters, and it will, therefore, be convenient for 
the student to make use of the work. 

Not only so, but the book should prove helpful to 
hundreds of our preachers, who will this year give 
special attention to the study of the Acts of the Apos- 
tles. For 1916 many of them will depend on Acts 
for their texts, as well as for their subject matter, 
and for that reason they will appreciate a book just 
like the one that Bro. Young has thought proper to 
prepare. Unlike books treating the Sunday-school 
lessons, it will take its place in our libraries as a stand- 
ard work, and will be in demand for years to come. 
It is a book that has been made to live, and it will live 
even after the author has taken his leave of the earth. 

We like the general style of the work. While it is, 
in a sense, a commentary on Acts, it is also a splendid 
reading book. The chapters are short, the comments 
on the different sections clear, and, in a measure, each 
treatment of a subject is complete within itself. And 
yet the arrangement is such that the work may be 
profitably used as a textbook in a Bible School, 
Special Bible Term, Bible Normal or in a Bible class 
in Sunday-school. 

This paves the way for us to say that the Brethren 
ought to have more books of their own preparation. 
We have a number of good books, but we are needing 
more. We would not favor the idea of publishing all 
the books our people may be disposed to write, but we 
woulrlurge the publishing and pushing the sale of the 
best of them. Men and women who can write in- 
teresting and helpful books ought to be encouraged 
lo write them. Then our members should stock up 
their libraries with these books, read them, and recom- 
mend them to others. 

If we are to cut any figure in this world, and are to 

make our influence felt, we must build up a good, 
strong literature. Without a creditable literature, we 
can not expect to accomplish much in the way of 
influencing the masses. We may have able preachers 
and successful evangelists, we may have creditable 
church and Sunday-school publications, but these do 
not make our work permanent. It takes books to 
give a religious body recognized stability. 

We have some splendid books on doctrine, but there 
are not enough of them. Then, too, the most of the 
works treating the principles for which the church 
stands, were written years ago, and for the present 
generation are rather heavy reading. The various 
subjects shorild be treated anew, and from different 
angles. Every distinctive doctrine, for which the 
Church of the Brethren stands, ought to be ably and 
clearly considered in a number of small books, none 
of them exceeding 200 pages. The subjects should 
be treated in such a manner as to make interesting 
reading for the common people. The proofs in sup- 
port of our plea should be brought within the com- 
prehension of the rank and file of humanity. 

We should have a number of good historical works 
in addition to the few we now have. We need a small 
history of the Church of the Brethren,— say a fifty- 
cent book, — that will give the reader a good idea of 
the origin, nature and purpose of the reform move- 
ment that gave rise to us as a people, along with the 
history of what has been accomplished. We have a 
few good biographical works, but the half that has 
been done by good men and good women has never 
yet been written. We need not become alarmed about 
getting too many helpful books. We do not mean 
books that are meant to emphasize pet theories, that 
are of no practical value to any one. We mean the 
class of books that stand for something worth while. 

Then we want to push the sale of our books. There 
may not be as much money in this class of books, as 
in some others, but there is something in the proposi- 
tion that is worth a good deal more than money. To 
make up for any possible money loss, our people want 
to become good purchasers of our own publications. 
For our part, we would like to see the papers of the 
House, and especially the Messenger, bristle with at- 
tractive advertisements of our own books. We have 
a number of papers coming to our desk, here in 
Florida, and recently one of them contained adver- 
tisements of thirty-three books, treating different 
points in the interest of the church represented by 
the paper. It so happens that this church is increas- 
ing in numerical strength faster than any other re- 
ligious body in the United States. This increase is 
accounted for largely on the ground that the church 
has a splendid literature, and in the form of books, 
tracts and papers, is pushing its claims with unabating 
vigor. Printers' ink, if wisely used, will tell. We, as 
a religious body, can do no wiser thing than to give all" 
needed attention to our literature, and then see to it 
that the people everywhere have a chance of reading 
what we have to say in the interest of our claims. 

Fustis, Fla. 

Authority in Religion. 

Why do men differ? Because they think. Would 
it not be nice if all men thought alike? Perhaps, but 
that would mean to keep them ignorant, — absolutely 

ignorant. Likeness is found only in dead things, 

not in living things. The higher the -development, 
the greater the differentiation. There is more dif- 
ference between the seniors, than among the fresh- 
men; more with mature folks, than with children; 
more with human beings, than with animals; more 
with civilized people than with the uncivilized. 

Since men differ, what is authority? The Roman 
Catholics say the " church " is authority ; the Protes- 
tants, the " Bible " ; and the philosophers. " reason." 
The Romanists hold that Christ transmitted his au- 
thority to Peter and to his successors, — the popes. 
The hierarchy controls the destiny of souls and their 
word is final authority. This makes it very easy for 
the individual. He does not need to think; he has no- 
anxiety, no searching for the Truth,— all is clearly and 
definitely settled for him here and hereafter by thfl 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER^January 22, 1516, 


overt acts and discussions of the church. The baf- 
fling problems of life need not worry the Catholic, — 
all is settled. The more ignorant the masses are, the 
simpler this system works. In fact, one dare not think 
at all, else authority would be based on reason ; nor 
does one dare to establish it on the Bible, for the Bible 
would then become authority. 

The Protestants hold that the Bible is the author- 
ity. But what is the Bible? It is the record of God's 
Self -Revelation to man. Let us grant that the reve- 
lation and the record of the revelation are infallible. 
Then all is settled, is it? By no means. This Bible 
must be read, or interpreted. Man who interprets it is 
fallible, and hence men differ widely as to what "the 
Bible teaches. " Take it as it is," says one. But, what 
is it? We never can have anything else than our in- 
terpretation of its contents, or blindly accept some oth- 
er person's interpretation. This fact is surely clear to 
all. Whose interpretation, then, is authority? The 
history of interpretation has been, " My doxy is ortho- 
doxy, and your doxy is heterodoxy." Our task is not 
as simple as it seemed, for the Bible must be interpre- 
ted by fallible human beings. But does not the Holy 
Spirit interpret it for us? Surely, but it is still to a 
fallible being to whom the interpretation is made and 
by whom it is apprehended. 

Then comes the philosopher, and says, " In each of 
the two preceding cases of authority, it is after all the 
mind, the reason, that is at the basis of all, for the 
reason must interpret, and choose and decide what is 
authority." To make a long discussion short, they 
hold that reason is authority. 

Which of these methods shall we choose? Or is 
there another? Or shall we take all of them together? 

I hold that all authority resides in the Truth. Truth 
alone is authority in the final analysis. But what is 
Truth? Truth is the Mind of God. All truth is of 
God. The truth for life and salvation has been man- 
ifested to us by " God in Christ " becoming flesh and 
" tabernacling among us." Truth is the Mind and 
Will of God. Truth, the.Mind of Christ, is the onlv 
real authority. But how shall . I get this truth? 

We can approach this Truth by constantly asking, 
seeking, knocking,— by following after Jesus, by liv- 
ing the life of loving service, in the three bases of 
authority mentioned above. We must " study to show 
ourselves approved," We must use our reason in 
studying the Bible daily, constantly, prayerfully, and 
wjth Christian experience of the church throughout 
the centuries. We must seek the Truth wherever it 
may be fpund, — in the Bible and in the church. The 
deeper truths of God are not revealed to one with- 
out diligently seeking for them. God does not cast 
his pearls before swine. Truth is the mind of God, 
the mind of Christ, the secret of Life and Blessedness, 
and this living truth comes through faith in him. But 
the sources are many: Reason, the church, the Bible, 
and with it all, experience of a vital relation to the 
Living God. 

McPherson, FCans. 

No Other Plan. 

_" Jesus therefore saitj to them again, Peace 1 H - unto ypfl! 
as the Father hath sent me' even so send I y<u. .\n.\ 
when he had saicj this, he 'breathed on ilu-m, and, sajtli 
unto them, Receive ye the'Holy Spirit: whflsc goevej sins 
ye forgive, they are forgiven unto them; whflse soever 
sins 'ye retain, they are regained" (John 20; 21-2.1: t f. 
Luke 24: %4$; Mark lj>: 1$. 

If was {he resurrection evening. Tin" ten disciples 
wefe in Jerusalem in some private hiding place; and 
the doors' were shut because they feared \hz\ the. Jew- 
ish authorities, who had, .just slain \he\y Lftr-d, m,tglp 
{urn gn'tfjepiselv^ as hj§ disciples; and, they were 
sitting at the supper table. 

Suddenly Jesus is standing in their mjdst and uv> 
greets them wjth \he flrdjnary. Oriental greeting, the 
most common even today in the East. — "Salaam 
Ahkum!" Literally translated it means, "Peace to, 
you" ; but \ n reality jt was, according (q fh,gfr v-u=>tym. 
the pxact equivalent of our ,( hood evening to you.," 

They, however, think they see a ghost, and arc 
terribly frightened. He quiets them, shows them his 
hands and his feet, asks them to handle him, until, 

—half believing, half doubting, — joy is coming back 
to their hearts. 

Still they do not believe, and he upbraids them for 
their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they do 
not believe when others had told them, and even now, 
when they see him personally, they do not quite under- 
stand. Then, having requested to join them in eating, 
they give him a piece of roasted fish, and in the eating 
of it he is made known to them. Their doubts are 

Now, that their minds are composed and they are 
really trusting him again, he is able to speak the mes- 
sage which is on his heart. There are two things which 
he desires to say to them. The first is that all things 
that had happened in his death and burial and resur- 
rection had been foretold in the Scriptures and that 
what had happened was exactly in fulfillment of the 
Word of God. Having thus helped them to under- 
stand the events of the past, in the light of the Scrip- 
tures, he turns and looks forward, and this is the other 
and practical part of his message to them. It is tint 
repentance and remission of sins should be preached 
unto all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem; and 
that they, who had been with him, and who now see 
him as the living Lord, are to be his witnesses and am- 
bassadors, when once the Holy Spirit has come upon 
them, to carry this message to the ends of the world. 
This, too, he says, had been foretold by the Scriptures 
(Luke 24: 47). 

Now our Lord turns again to the disciples and re- 
peats the evening greetings, saying once more, but this 
time with a very definite purpose, "Salaam Alakum!" 
Even as he had been sent into the world by the Father 
to bring the good news of salvation to men, just so 
now they, who knew all about this salvation, are to 
be his messengers, sent out to win the world back to 
God (John 20: 21). For this work they are to he 
equipped by the Holy Spirit. This he brings home Jo 
them in a graphic, dramatic way by breathing on them 
and saying, " Receive ye the Holy Spirit." 

Now comes the startling part of the message, 
" Whose soever sins ye forgive, they are forgiven unlo 
them; whose soever sins ye retain, they ait retained." 
In other words he is saying to them, that they, filled 
by the Holy Spirit, of all men in the world, have been 
selected by him to carry this good news of salvation 
to all men ; that there is no other plan; that the whole 
responsibility lay upon them; that if they reached 
people they would be reached; that if they failed to 
reach them, there would be no other way. Shou'd 
they succeed in bringing the Gospel to the people and 
awakening them to repentance, confession and obedi- 
ence, so that their sins might he forgiven, these would 
be saved. On the other hand those whom they failed, 
by this means, to reach, to awaken, to bring to fa^h,. 
repentance, confession and obedience, woAvtd np,t be 
converted. There is no other \vay \y-he-fe-by they must 
be saved. 

Later on, in another, meeting (possibly up in Qalijleu 
as recorded in Mark 16: l$ff. and Matt- 2S: 16— 20) 
he said to them that they, were to go mto all the world 
and preach the: Cjospel to every' creature, following it 
up by paying that he that betieveth and is baptized 
shall be saved, but he that difibelteveth shall be con- 
demned. This is just another way of saying the same 
thing as is here said jn the twentieth chapter of John. 

Some one has put this same truth into a legend thftt 
has come down to us, — that when the Lord JftUi ai- 
cended and went back to heaven, he \v<*» asked by one 
of the heavenly hosts what P-U" 1 ne had for carrying 
his message o,f sa.lva^on to the whole world, and lie 
said he. had cummitted the matter tQ hi* disciples and 
had commanded them to, go intt* all the world, even to 
even- creature. To, ifcff. his questioner replied, " But 
\\\\n\ if these. m."i should fail to carry out your pta.n? M 
Hia reply was, " I have no other plan." 

What a startling thought it h thai the responsibili- 
ty for the evangelism pyn of men, (n all the world, is 
thrn.\yn by. our- Lord himself upon his followers, and 
that he has no other plfl". that whose soever sins we 
forgive, they are forgiven, that whose soever sins ?<v 
retain, they are retained. 

It is the plan of our Lord to save the world through 
human instrumentality. God was in Christ reconcil- 

ing the world unto himself, but now he has committed 
the word of reconciliation to us. We are his ambas- 
sador^ and God is entreating men through us, and' 
so we are ambassadors of God, entreating instead of 
the Christ. 

The Epistle to the Hebrews is largely concerned 
with two great points in the doctrine of Christ. The 
one is the atonement which he made once for all for 
the sins of the whole world. The other, which is still 
more prominent, is the doctrine of the present position 
and work of Jesus Christ, our Lord, in heaven, seated 
at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in the 
heavens. Rut what is he doing up there all the time? 
That is the question my little boy asked me the other 

In the first verse of the Book of Acts the author 
suggests that in the former book which he had writ- 
ten,— the Gospel of Luke,— he had only teld concern- 
ing all the things that Jesus began l>oth to do and to 
teach until the day in which he was received up, after 
he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit to. 
the apostles whom he had chosen. Then, it was only a< 
" beginning " that Jesus made, during his entire earth 
ly life, up to the time of his death. He had just got 
things organized, his plans completed and had just 
set things a going. The suggestion of the author, of 
course, is that in this book he is just about to write- 
(the Acts of the Apostles) he is going to tell aboui; 
how Jesus, from heaven, continued to push forwanll 
the work which, during his earthly life, he had or- 
ganized and " begun." 

In 1 Cor. 15: 25 we are told that Jesus must <on- 
tinue his reign until all enemies are subdued raider Ids 
feet. In Heb. 10: 12, 13 we are told that Jesus, after 
he had made atonement for our sins forever, sat down 
on the right hand of God, henceforth expecting to 


This, then, it is that our Lord is doing in heaven 
now. He is carrying on the work which he begajr.- 
while here. He is pushing it, — pressing it on toward 
a conclusion as rapidly as may be. This he is d*jhg- 
through his " body," just as he accomplished what he- 
did during his earthly life through his hody. Them 
it was the body of his flesh,— now it is his body, the* 
church, of which all his disciples are the separate or- 
gans. And so, if you would know what Jesus is dr- 
ing now, look first within your own heart and life andl 
see what he, by the Holy Spirit, is doing IhfougSi 
you towards the accomplishment of this great pur-* 
pose, " Whose soever sins ye forgive, they are for- 
given unto them ; whose soever sins ye retain, they are 
retained.' 4 If the world is saved, it must be saved by 
the Lord working through the church, fully endowed 
wh-h the Holy Spirit. AND THERE IS NO OTH- 

Chkwyo, 1% >-# t 

More Preparedness, 


In Bro. Early's article on " Preparedness." in a- 
recent number of the Gospel Messenger, he hits 
some facts, regarding '*' preparedness," squarely on the- 
head. There js, hewever, one point he failed to men-- 
tion, and a point, I think, with which we should all! 
he famiHar. Some of our well-meaning advocates at 
M preparedness " are making, or trying to make, a 
distinction between " preparedness for war." mkJ 
" preparedness for peace.' 1 

In conversation, recently, with a minister of the 
Gospel, he expressed himself as being in favor of 
" preparedness for peace." but as not he«t£ in favor 
of " preparedness for war." He argw«t that if the 
Unfted States had been prepared for peace, equjjfl 
to Germany's preparedness for war, the present 
Euronean war might have been different, or might) 
never have occurred at all. That might possibly be- 
true, if such preparedness were possible-, but I be- 
lieve it would have been impossible for our t^nite-ii 
States to have kept peace, in military equipment, w*8n 
Germany, or any other leading nation, that has been 
preparing for war, 

Germany spent years in preparing for war. and 
when *he slightest excuse was given her, she took ad- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

vantage of this opportunity of testing out her mili- 
tary prowess. Had the United States tried to keep 
pace with Germany for the last decade, we would, 
more than likely, either be in the midst of the great 
conflict or might, at least, be having some of our 
war (peace) equipment and stalwart men sent to the 
bottom of the ocean by German submarines. 

It is generally conceded that, when the present 
European conflict ceases, all nations now engaged in 
it will be so crippled that it will be years before they 
will recuperate enough to tackle the little patch of 
ground, known as the United States, — on this side of 
the great Atlantic. Call it " preparedness for war," or 
" preparedness for peace," or whatever you like, — to 
the private citizens who eventually have to pay the 
bills and furnish the men, it looks like foolishness :o . 
spend large sums of money in preparing to ward off 
an imaginary foe. 

I, for one, think we must look to a different source 
for this " preparedness " movement, — other than hav- 
ing need of increased armament. Will the closing of 
the European war have any eifect on the market for 
army supplies, such as ammunition, guns, etc.? 

If the ending of the European war will knock out 
the munition market, is it unreasonable, then, to as- 
sume that preparedness in the United States will keep 
the munition market alive? Is it unreasonable, then, 
to place the responsibility o f this " preparedness 
boom " at the door of the ones whom it will benefit 
most financially? 

As a rule, the common people have, I believe, all 
the burden they care to shoulder, without increasing 
our war expenses. 

I'm inclined to believe that all this talk about " pre- 
paredness for peace," is a " preparedness-for-war " 
pill, with a peace sugar-coating, but not at all perme- 
ated by the Christian spirit. 

Scotivillc, Mich. 

Advantages of Pastors and Churches Con- 
ducting Their Own Revival Meetings. 


I hope that my position, with reference to evan- 
gelists and their work, will not be misunderstood. As 
to the office of the evangelist, 
it is as scriptural as that of pas- 
tor. There is no ground for 
controversy on this question, 
and we are glad that this is true, 
because of our appreciation of 
the work of the evangelist. We 
confess, however, that we are 
somewhat at variance with the 
views of some brethren as to 
his field of operation. We be- 
lieve his efforts should be de- 
voted, in the main, to weak 
churches and places of real destitution. Pastors and 
churches, holding their own meetings, enjoy special 
blessings which can not be received in any other way. 
Eor their encouragement we point out some of the 
sources from which these blessings come. 

It strengthens the faith of the church in its holy 
mission of winning lost men and women to Christ. 
Many churches seem to have lost the conception, — 
if they ever had it, — that this is the main purpose of 
their existence. Soul-winning churches have become 
the exception rather than the rule. Personal evan- 
gelism is a lost art among many Christians, and it is 
such because seldom practiced. As a result of a re- 
vival meeting, a few laymen may become brave enough 
to talk to the unsaved about their salvation, but sel- 
dom, if ever, at any other time. Such a thing as Chris- 
tians going out in pairs, after the New Testament 
order, to win souls to Christ, is well nigh a thing of 
the past. Any church that holds its own revival meet- 
ing, with its pastor doing the preaching, will receive 
renewed faith in its mission, a personal and cooperative 
evangelism will be revived and the spiritual life and 
power of the church will be increased. 

The pastor that d.oes his own preaching in a revival 
meeting will develop his evangelistic gift and will 
strengthen his faith in his railing to win souls to 
Christ. It will give variety lo his preaching, and will 

intensify earnestness in the delivery of his 
It will give him a retrospective of his own lost con- 
dition and of his joy in the realization of sins forgiven. 
The burden of lost souls on his heart will make him 
feel his dependence upon God, and will drive him to 
the throne as nothing else will. When souls are won 
to Christ through his preaching, his spirituality will 
be deepened and his usefulness in the ministry will be 
increased. ■ ■ 

The church and the pastor conducting their own re- 
vival meeting will greatly strengthen the tie between 
them. It will make the church believe in and love the 
pastor as nothing else will, and it will cause the pastor 
to love and appreciate his church more than anything 
else. A sure cure of the desire for a new pastor is 
for him to make preparation to hold a series of meet- 
ings with his church. It will cure him of restless- 
ness and make him feel that he has the best church in 
the Brotherhood. Many pastors have been forced to 
hunt a new field as a result of having some one else to 
do the preaching in a series of meetings. If a visiting 
minister does the preaching, the pastor will find it 
hard to maintain the interest created; and if he fails, 
both he and the church will feel that his work is done 
and that a change of field and pastor is a necessity. 

The pastor and the church holding their own meet- 
ing, will result in the best type of church members. 
There is less liability to get unconverted people into 
the church than is the case when questionable or high 
pressure methods are engaged in. It is perfectly 
natural for people to love their spiritual fathers as 
they love no one else. It is easy for a pastor and 
church to develop new converts of their own making, 
but if they are led to Christ by the visiting minister, 
he takes their hearts with him when he leaves, and they 
do not love the pastor as fondly as they would, had 
they been led to Christ by him. As a rule, when people 
are converted under the preaching of a visiting min- 
ister, they will feel, all through their Christian lives, 
that the only way to reach the unsaved is to have an 
evangelist or a neighboring pastor do the preaching in 
the meeting. They seldom have the same confidence 
in the soul-winning power of thexhurch and the pastor 
as those who* are saved during a meeting in which 
the pastor does his own preaching. 

A great deal depends upon the atmosphere in which 
people are born into the kingdom. If the unconverted 
are brought to Christ under dogmatic or pugilistic 
preaching, they will feel that such preaching, is the 
only kind that will reach the unsaved. If one is con- 
verted under high-pressure methods, he is likely to 
believe in such methods all his Christian life. Those 
who are converted in a tent, will likely be great be- 
lievers in tent meetings, and that it is hard to reach 
the unsaved without the use of a tent. Generally 
speaking, when people are saved in a union meeting, 
they feel no other kind can be as successful in reach-. 
ing the unconverted. 

In view of these considerations, it is best for the 
church an-d its pastor to hold their own meetings. If 
conditions are such that assistance must be had, then 
the next best thing is to have a neighboring pastor to 
do the preaching. The pastor-evangelist will conserve 
the interests of his brother pastor and his church better 
than the evangelist. Of course, there are notable ex- • 
ceptions. The thoughts, herewith presented, are our 
honest convictions after an experience and observation 
covering a period of twelve years. It is also our de- 
cided opinion that the office of evangelist is most 
effective in the interest of the kingdom when it is de- 
voted to the weak churches and to places of real des- 
titution. It will pay any church manifold to give un- 
stinted moral and financial support to gifted evangel- 
ists to work in these virgin fields. 

440 Fletcher Avenue, Muscatine, Iowa. 

A Story Not Yet Finished. 

church which had been recently erected there, and 
took refuge in it. Then the mob broke in the doors. 
But just then a woman suggested to the infuriated 
men that they beat the Bhils, and not the teacher, and 
so they ran after a poor old Bhil, and beat him till 
they thought he was dead! Meanwhile the teacher 
escaped to a sure place of hiding. 

Two weeks had passed, and the teacher had been 
summonsed by the police to come and show who the 
culprits were. He was afraid to go alone, so several 
of us accompanied him. We feared the police were 
lending themselves to a trick. Part of our party re- 
turned in the early evening; the others of us remained 
to complete the unpleasant task of identifying the 
culprits. He could not identify all. Those whom he 
identified, took it sullenly. The work was done. 

As the last train for the day had gone, we decided 
it were better to go home on foot, than to remain for 
the night, and so, a little while before dusk, we set 
out, I on horseback and the balance of our party, nine 
native men, on foot. We came to the first village, and 
then I said that the five men, who had come from 
their homes with us, should return, as we were quite 
safe without them, the four of us. There was a dif- 
ference* of opinion, but my suggestion prevailed. 

We had just passed another village when we heard 
voices behind us. The wind was toward us from 
them, so we could hear them, while we felt sure they 
could not hear us. We heard men say, " Come on, 
come on ; there they are." We hastened our steps and 
put out our lantern. In a steady trot we ran on. We' 
felt they were nearing us. We heard them calling 
out, now and then a word. 

Nearing a small village, we turned aside from the 
main road, and moved very quietly on. It was dark , 
and one of our number fell over an embankment about 
five feet down. But we soon were on the veranda 
of the village Patel, and I confess I never apprecia- 
ted what the Patel system is to the Indian village, us 
I did just then ! We told him our story, and he at 
once sent out scouts, to see if we were subjects of a 
mental hallucination, or if there were really an attack- 
ing party after us, and whether they could be identi- 
fied at all. The Patel himself, at the barking of a dog, 
went to the edge of the village, and seeing four men, 
called to them, whereupon they all ran as if for their 
lives! The Patel was convinced that our story was 
on a sure enough foundation. The other men saw 
nothing. In this village, one and a half miles from 
home, we' remained for the night. 

When it became known that we would not reach 
home that night, the information being brought by 
the party who returned ear|y. my good wife sent five 
men to the village where we had gone, with food for 
all of us. Not finding us there at Kharod, they walked 
home over the road we had been supposed to take. 
They heard calls which were suspicious in character, 
but had their fears greatly augmented when they 
reached home at midnight without having seen us, nor 
heard of us at all. Fortunately, I had sent a letter 
home when we reached the PatePs, and this letter 
being explained to them was a very godsend. Next 
morning, when we walked into our quiet little quar- 
ters at Ankleshwer, while the Sunday morning sun 
was shining, and all was beautiful in nature, and in- 
dicative of peace and good will, there was great joy. 
And it seemed scarcely credible that we had barely 
escaped from wicked hands the night before. We 
have never been in real jeopardy in India before, so 
far as we know, and we feel that the Loving Heavenly 
Father guided us safely through this. We anticipate 
no further trouble, but it is a story that is in the 

Ankle shiver, India. 


month of August, 1915, some things 
went not well with us. On the last day of July in the 
village of Kharod. about six miles from Ankleshwer, 
a mob had become wrought up against one of our 
Christian teachers for an imaginary offence, and had 
beaten him rather severely. He fled to the little village 


The death of an elder anywhere is a loss to the church, 
hut here in the South, where the need is so great, we feel 
the loss perhaps more keenly than where there are so many 
workers and helpers. So. when death called away our 
elder and coworker from the Cedar Grove church, we 
deeply felt our loss. We are assured, however, that God. 
who knoweth and doeth all things well, saw fit to call 
him from us, and we how in submission to his will. 

Eld. W. S. Ledbetter was born in Rockingham County. 
N. C, May 22, 1855. He came with tys father to Hawkins 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

County, Tenn., when he w: 

married to Catherine Fran 

this union were born four 

joined the Church of the ] 

the ministry twenty-three years ago 

elder Oct. 13, 1906. His earthly lahoi 

rettc, May 15, 1879. To 
nd eight daughters. He 
mi in 1SS3, was called to 

,'ithin the Ik 

of the Ceda 

lion, Hawkins County, Tenn., Nov. 20, 1915. He leaves 
his wife, twelve children, several grandchildren, and a 
host of friends, both in and out of the church. 

He was a man of strong convictions and in all his 
preaching he kept in close touch with the Bible. While 
he was a kind and loving father, he was also firm, and 
kept his family of children under almost perfect control. 
All looked up to their father with love and reverence, 
while he also taught them to love and reverence God 
and the church. All of them, except the youngest son. 
who is only about six years old, belong to the Church of 
the Brethren. Last winter, while 'he was holding a re- 
vival in the home church, during which two of his children 
united with the church he said, -1 I have always prayed 
that God would let me live to sec all my children in the 
church, and now they are all in the church but my baby." 

Eld. Ledbettcr had been in poor health for several 
months with lung trouble. He called for the elders, and 
was anointed several weeks before his death. In the 
afternoon of Nov. 20, 1915, calling ten of his children, 
who were at home, to his bedside, he bade them good-bye, 
entreating them to meet him.. At ten o'clock the life 
of this good man passed from earth to the portals of 
glory. He was laid to rest Nov. 22, in the Cedar Grove 
cemetery. Services conducted by Rev. Frazier, of the 
M. E. church. Bertha C. Klepper. 

Rogersville, Tenn., Dec. 27. 

the i 

cted I 


vith a large expei 

;ervice the writer was assisted 

3ro. Elmer D. Blue. 

The Sunday-school, which is 
shing condition, was reorgan 
Davis, superintendent, and a 
eachers. The church met on 
:ouncil. Importa: 

listry. He 

In this 

■green and in a flour- 
with Sister Elizabeth 
corps of officers and 
evening of Jan. 6 in 
transacted with the 

greatest harmony. The reports of the various chu 
treasurers showed the financial condition of the chu 
to he in good shape. The church is out of debt, ; 



some repairs to the heating plant. One query, intended 
for the Annual Conference, was passed to District Meet- 
ing. The following officers were elected and committees 
appointed: Clerk", D. I. Rhodes; treasurer, M. G. Metz- 
gcr; trustee, John Stutzman; corresponding clerk, Jerome 
E. Blough; Messenger agent, Nina M. Blue; Mission- 
ary committee, Elizabeth Davis, Dora Metzger and Waldo 
Rhodes; Temperance Committee. Lillic Carney, W. T 
Harrison and E. Rhodes. 

Several families of members have moved into the con- 
gregation, for which wc arc glad. We decided to plan an 
all-day. anniversary service for Feb. 13, when we hope to 
have some outside speaker, and a program of our own tal- 
ent. The pulpit will be filled for the next six months as 
heretofore. One of our young, ministers, Hadden Q. 
Rhodes, Hves with his family, in Huntingdon, Pa., where 
he is in his second year in College. 

R. D. 5, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 7. Jerome E. Blough. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 



Previous to the fall love feast, Oct. 17, 1915, Brethren 
E. D. Blue, M. Clyde Horst and Jerome E. Blough 
preached five doctrinal sermons for the benefit of the 
membership, a number of whom have not had much op- 
portunity along this line since uniting with us. The 
church met in preparatory council Oct. 12. On the day 
of the feast, a sister was received by the hand of fellow- 
ship, having been previously baptized by trine immersion. 
The feast in the evening was a very spiritual one. 

The first Thursday in October the sisters and some 
friends organized the first Sisters' Aid Society in the .con- 
gregation. The present membership is twenty-one and 
they are doing an excellent work. 

Dec. 12, Eld. J. L. Bowman, of the Brethren (Progres- 
sive) church, was received into fellowship with us, and at 

hool, followed h 
• the entire Sun 

icn mmleJor ft r 


■ rly meetings i 

Copper Creo 



Whereas it has pleased Almighty God to remove from 

The report of o 

our midst our true and faithful sister, Susie Detwiler 

(wife of our Eld. D. T. Detwiler), and, whereas in her 

nla, arrived Jan 

death the community has lost a humble and conscientious 

Mrs. Roy M. f 

citizen, the church an active and faithful member, and 

our society a willing and active worker, we bow in humble 

Naiupa c bi> ic- 

submission to his Divine Will, realizing that our loss is 

ier, and one let 

her gain. - 

Therefore, be it resolved, that wc, the Sisters' Aid So- 

ciety of the Church of the Brethren, of New Enterprise, 

Brethren C. V. 

Pa., extend to the bereaved family our sincere sympathy 

mtend^ntsjor o^ 

in this their hour of sorrow. 

Hie church for 

Be it further resolved that a copy of these resolutions 

homes of such c 

)c printed in the Gospel Messenger. 

Amanda Oaxber, 

Lydia H. Werkitifr. Ella Snowberger, Committee. 

Fayette Valle 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 


Almost every day, as I watch people, cither at 

school, on the car, on the street, or wherever I may 
he. I see little acts of helpfulness performed. It may 
he the opening a door for a student whose arms are 
full of books.' again it may he helping a lady to board 
the si reel car easily and safely; or it may be the 
courteous giving of some information, picking up 
fallen articles, or giving up a seat to one more needful 
•of it. Hut whatever the act, it always makes one feel 
Ithat life is worth living, though in an undesirable en- 
* ii'Mum hi ofttimes, when these rays of sunshine 
.'Wm a belter world are sent to brighten the path. 

lilil I have, on several occasions, had a very dif- 
ferent feeling mingled with my gladness. That was 
when 1. blind lo aught hut my own affairs, allowed 
some one else lo (lo the deed which. 1 believe, God 
intended I should do. How often we lose much of the 
joy, which rightfully belongs to us. because of our 
selfish blindness to others' needs. It appeals to me 
that at this season of the year, when we commem- 
nrale tile great gilt of God to mankind,— the one 
supremely loving arl of a merciful God,— the stretch- 
ing forth of the saving band to set fallen man on his 
feet again, that if. with the thoughts of the gift which 
God gave, we would mingle thoughts of the or/ he 
•Ini. we would perhaps gel a larger blessing fr6m the 
recurring t hristmas seasons than we usually do. 

If. in looking at the sending of the Messiah, we 
sec not so much a gift in which we all share, as a 
helping hand extended to each individual, of all times. 
and are thereby inspired to emulate tha* phase of 
God's redemptive plan, we shall have grasped the 
«ruc Christmas spirit, which 'is hot the giving of gifts 
at one season only, but is lending a helping band 

'"•' others al all times 

I be many little opportunities presented lo us. to 
help others In the daily routine of affairs, are but les- 
sons which, if well learned, will better fit us to discern 
and help in a spiritual way. Let us. each one. be 
jealous of the joy In be found in a kindly deeil done 
to Others ll may lead lo Ibc greater joy of a soul 
won for Girist. Lend a hand! 

y.i/.s Congress Street. Chicago, III. 

forces. It takes a majority of two-thirds to pass a 
measure. New York has one more than enough votes 
in the House of Representatives, if all were cast for 
liquor, to defeat the will of seventeen Prohibition 
Stales. The liquor crowd have forgotten to notice 
anything unfair in this. But Prohibition is coming. 
Let us help it on ! 
Ihnrisbnrg, Pa. 

God needed this connection, can you and I hope to get 
on without it ? 
Warren, Ohio. 

' Preparedness.' 



The Prohibition Amendment. 

A vt deal is being said about the Prohibition 
Amendment to the Constitution. Many intelligent 
people do nol know how this is done, nor what work- 
is necessary. The matter will be brought before Con- 
gress, now in session. Some member of Congress 
places a resolution to amend in the bands of the 
Judiciary Committee. Tor forty years Ibis committee 
has been called. "The graveyard of temperance legis- 
,r """' Only recently have temperance measures 
been reported mil. h is safe lo say that hundreds of 
resolutions have been buried by' tin, committee. 

\fier the resolution is reported out, it goes to the 
floor of tl„ House. To amend the Constitution, a 
Iwo-thirds majority of votes i, necessary. After 
passage by a two-thirds vol,-, ii is iben referred b, 
the I egitlalitrcs of the States. As so,,,, as .-, State 
ratifies ii. the work of that State is done. N ; o subse- 
nuenl Legislature can annul an affirmative action on 
il" resolution. If a State fails to ratify the amend- 
ment, it can be placed before successive Legislatures 
until one is found that will ratify it. Upon ratifi- 
cation by thirty-six Slates, it becomes a part of the 

Just now the liquor forces are raising a hue and 
cry aliout the unfairness of this method of amending 
the Constitution. They say that thirty-six temperance 
States, with a comparatively small population, should 
not overrule ten large Stales with a population equal 
to all of the smaller States. They do not take into 
consideration that with the House of Representatives 
they have the same advantage over the temperance 

this burning question of the day discussed 
everywhere, some of us are wondering if we, as a n'a- 
Hion, are not already prepared. 

Have our leaders forgotten the foundation laid for 
this Government by the pioneers who came here to 
avoid the tyranny of Europe ? Above all, do we not pro- 
fess to trust in God as a Christian nation ? Have we 
not inscribed the motto, " In God We Trust," upon 
every dollar, half dollar, quarter and penny, sent 
from the mint? If we are to put our whole trust in 
arms, and men. and ships, we should revise that motto. 
Has not God prospered and blessed us above our 
■deserving during all these years? If now we step 
•down from the height to which we have attained by 
trust in God, will we be any better than the Israelites 
who were always drifting into the idolatry and sins of 
the nations about them? The Sunday-school lessons 
of the year just closed are a fresh reminder of the 
fact that God punished Israel when they made their 
inexcusable mistakes. We think we see the mistakes 
of the nations now at war. and why should we follow 
in the very steps that led them into the fierce conflict? 
If we persistently put such great trust in arms and 
munitions, God will let us have our way, but we must 
suffer the consequences. 

> I am wondering if we, as Christians, are praying 
as we ought, at this time, when the heads of our na- 
tion are forgetting what constitutes true " prepared- 

• Let us not f orget tnat cven snou | d ^ encmy rise 
against us. while we are fully depending upon God, 
the unseen forces for us will be greater thatt those 
against us. as was the case when Elisha asked I i„d to 
show these forces to his servant. Send petitions, as 
Bro. Early has suggested, but do not forget to pray 
constantly and fervently, that wc may remain the 
peaceful nation we have ever been, so that God can 
abundantly use us as an example and lifting power to 
the other nations when the dreadful war is over. 
Ml. Morris. Ill 

The Source of Power. 

The other day the machine, in which we were riding, 
came to a sudden and unaccountable stop. After sev- 
eral ineffectual attempts to start the big vehicle going 
again, the operator climbed out and proceeded to in- 

The cause of the trouble was soon found. Some 
disarrangement had cut off connection with the ».-,<:- 

ink. Tin 

till tin 

t proceed 

il might as well have been anywhere 
cm. for all the good il did us.— so 1 
connection remained. Nol until tool 
and some adjustments made, were wc 
on our way. 

The incident contains a lesson which can well be 
applied to the life of the Spirit. How often we lose 
connection with the Source of Power in our life, 
through neglect of prayer! The reservoir of the In- 
finite is always full. All that is necessary, to draw 
from ils boundless resources, is to keej> the connection 
intact. Otherwise advancement in the spiritual life 
comes to a standstill, nor can we move forward until 
connection is restored. Only one day, cven. of this 
disconnection, has a marked effect upon one who has 
formed the habit of daily intercourse with God. 
Should the connection be broken for any length of 
time, there will come a dearth into one's life, sad to 
witness, — and sadder yet to feel. 

Our Savior kept in close touch with the Source of 
all strength, and wisdom, and comfort. If the Son of 

To Aid Societies of the Brotherhood. 


At the Conference in Seattle our Aid Society work- 
ers decided to contribute to the building of a school 
in China. The response was quite generous. We are 
now informed by the General Mission Board that 
sufficient money has been received for the completion 
of this building. This school will still need funds for 
its support, and other educational work in China also 
has need of money to carry on that line of work. So 
there is still a place for our help in China at any time 
we care to contribute. 

The "Mary N. Quinter Memorial Fund," which 
was started at the Hershey Conference, is growing 
and is for the medical work in India. The need is 
great, but with help from many, and with the Father's 
blessing, it will accomplish much for him. 
Greenville, Ohio, fan. 7. 


Lesson for January 30, 1916. 

Subject.— The Lame Man Leaping.— Acts 3. 

Oolden Text.— Peter said, Silver and gold have I no 
tort what I have, that give I thee. In Hie name of Je 
lihrist of Nazareth, walk.— Acts 3: 6. 

Time.— Not long after Pentecost, during the summer 
A. D. 30. 


James Quinter (1816-1888). 

1 Tim. 5: 17. 
For Sunday Evening, January 30, 1916. 
Birthplace— Philadelphia, Pa. 
.Early Life— (I) At thirteen, had to support the 

family. (2) Careful 

(3) Worked 

3. Baptized in 1833. 

». Elected Minister in 183B.— (1) Known as the boy 
eacher. (2) Leading evangelist. (3) Able debater. 
). President of Juniata College, Nine Years. 
'.Striking Characteristics.— (1) Pervading piety. (2) 
gh spirituality. (3) Consecrated. (4) Great self-control. 
'. Died Praying at Annual Meeting in 1888. 


God's Cure for Anxious Care. 

1 Peter 5: 7; Study Matt. 6: 25-34. 
For Week Beginning January 30, 1916. 
. The Divine Protector.—" For he caretli for 


s, cven the In.. .. 
nay not rid us of care, but if wc hand over all matters to 
jod, we shall find that he will no infinitely better for us 
ban wc had dared to hope. Such is God's love to us that 
,e always goes far beyond our most daring aspirations. 

Exceeding abundantly above all that wc- ask or think" 
Eph. 3: 20, 21: Matt. 11: 28: Luke 6 21-23' 1 Peter 4 
2-14; Psa. 37: 5: 55: 22; Prov. 16; 3). 

2. When Cares Will Cease to Trouble.— Wlfou Abra- 
lam, at God's command, turned bis tace to the unknown 
,e Lord told hi,,,. "Fear not: I :,m 



I thi 

Jtlgll all par 

I " Fe 

- not," like 

Holy Writ 
,vn it in pic 

on the Lord; he shall j 

a care to the Lord, who 
:ts of our care as we ar 
, best for us. and who 


the accomplish 

ness by some promise of our Ilea 
1, 16, 18, 27; Rom. 8: 28, 35-39; 2 
8; Philpp. 4: 6, 7). 

3. The Danger of Worry.— Health, and e, 
arc endangered by worry, and this, m turn 
the mental condition, unfitting us for all tl 
life. Worry, too, is injurious 10 the spiritua 
times our hearts are so full of 
of this life that we have no lime to think ah 
world beyond. Where anxietv begins, faith , 
6; Matt. 13: 22; 2 Tim. 2: 4: Psa. 42: 5, II). 

each cup of bitter- 
ly Father (John 14; 
,r. 1: 3-7: Jer. 17: 7, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 


Beautiful Songs. 

There arc songs that we love, there are beautiful soughs 

That tell over the years that are gone. 
There arc songs of rejoicing, and songs of repose; 

There are songs of eternity's dawn. 
But the songs that we love, and that bear us above, 

Are the songs that our mothers once sang, 
And we bushed our contentions, forgetting our tears, 

As the currents of melody rang. 






Like the birds with the sun on their wings; 
There are beautiful songs of the blossoms above, 

Where the glad heart eternally sings. 
Where the harpers resound the sweet chords of the he; 

There is melody, sweet in its thrill, — 
O heart! as you hear the glad burden of joy, 


oil. ho 

i be s 

ongs that my childhood knew, heard, lovenl 

Of the sweets of repose in his love. 
:here are flashes of glory, and snatches of strains 

That bring zephyrs from meadows above; - 
fhere arc songs of rejoicing,— yes, songs, too, aC 

There are songs of the ages of strife; 
["here are beautiful songs, of the trust of my soul 

Like, "The Lord is my Shepherd," for life. 
Mechanicsburg, Pa. 

My Place in the World. 

kind I had skill to perform. And since the hard, 
heavy work about a house must be done by somebody, 
why should I not take my part of it, and do it as my 
part of the world's work? There is all this hard, dis- 
agreeable work to do, — who shall do it? If it is left 
undone, discomfort and trouble ensue. 

Oh, if we have faith in God, there is an easy solu- 
tion for this. We believe that there is more happiness 
on the highest rounds of the social ladder, and ii 
makes us miserable to be on the lower steps. Right 
here we are mistaken. Have faith in God, and then 
we can see that the chauffeur, guiding the limousine,, 
may be as happy as the lady whom he serves. Hap- 
piness does not depend on these outward things, — it 
is dependent on the heart. If wc studied the condi- 
tions about us, wc should find that happiness is one of 
the most evenly-distributed of all human possessions. 
If God has forgiven my sins, and draws from my 
cold and selfish heart ,i love for him, if he gives me a 
hope of heaven more precious than gold, T hold in my 
possession the blue bird of happiness. 

There is a great variety of work to do in this world, 
.and no one man can do all kinds. Now if you aind I 
■find ourselves engaged in doing that thing which, mi 
the whole, we can do better than any one else, iheru 
low discontent with our lot is sinful, low and mean. 

You talk of a worthy ambition, — yes, we climb rjifj 
steps of life by becoming worthy to ascend them. 


In one of his books, Dickens describes Fanny, ai 
young girl who is dissatisfied with her position ini 
life. She comes home from a ball, and declares, with; 
a heaving bosom, that she detests everybody, and that 
she wishes she were dead. Finally she bursts into a. 
fit of violent weeping, and declares that there must be: 
an end of all this, one way or another. She claims; 
to be laboring under social disadvantages. As she- 
expresses it, — she wants to climb higher in the sociall 

Listen to Fanny: " I am impatient of our situation.. 
I don't like our situation. Other girls, differently- 
reared and differently circumstanced altogether, might 
wonder at what I say or may do. Let them ! They/ 
are driven by their lives and characters ; I am drivem 
by mine." 
* From that hour, the way Fanny had chosen lay be- 
fore her, and she trod it with her own imperious, self- 
willed step. But every step took her farther away 
from happioess and peace. She became a bitter, hard 
old woman, complaining of the fate which left her so- 
dissatisfied and unhappy. 

Fanny's discontent was an evil thing. She 
did not honor God ; her soul was disgusted with her 
place in life, appointed by God. She whined and com- 
plained and then, in a spirit of sordid ambition, began) 
to climb towards the place she coveted. How could! 
blessings, joy and gladness come to her? She. her- 
self, was pushing them far from her. 

Not long ago I saw a limousine. Its fittings were 
rich and in the best possible taste. As it was parked! 
among some others, a lady, with costly furs about her,, 
stepped out and went into one of our large stores. 
On the curb stood a woman who was glad to have 
the five cents that entitled her to ride in a street-car. 
This woman glanced curiously at the lady, as if won- 
dering what it must be like, to be clad in velvets and! 
furs, and to have servants to do one's bidding. Then 
a look of sullen anger spread over her features, and 
the hatred for the other was expressed in her clenched 
fist and her ugly sneer at " them as has nothin' to do 
but spend money." 

It would do no good to tell this woman that every 
one has his place and will fill his highest duty by 
seeking to fill it. and fill it well. What troubled Fanny 
and the woman by the curb was, that they each filled 
a low place. They want nothing to do with a God 
*rhp did not put them where they would rather be. 
They both wanted to have many things which were 
ppt at their command. Suppose God has given me 
broad shoulders and clumsy, heavy hands, so that only 
hard work wpuld come easy, and would be the only 


mlly i 

West Vtml 



l M nft 



. Our rece 

1.1. is Sfi. 

' '■ 




* a total of 

ta, Va.; complete 

■hmiksL-n'im; .linn.-r. WV l-nt-lit lumM.-i-s : 

...„' "..'i'Hlori, ■!•'-, ''•'■■v. n 'ii.iH--. -iL-hl.-.T! .i|..'" 

calved, durimj the year, J40. 

ninety "elglit garments, sewed 


Rudy, Treasurer. We have a 

n enrollment or twer 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Official Organ of the Church of the B 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
ilishino agent general mission boa 

HE work on the new house in the Stonerstown 
rch. Pa., is being pushed as rapidly as possible, and 
i hoped to have it ready for dedication by May 1. 

showing is made by the Prcscott church, 
venty-one pupils from her Sunday-school 
iring the [last year, united with the church. 

ticli., Hr 

C. P. Rowland 
effort at Hart, s 

\\ i: were misinformed, regarding the meetings in 
the Chippewa Creek church, Mich., having been held 
by liro. D. E. Sowers. Owing to illness he could not 
come, but now Bro. J. M. Smith, of Woodland, Mich., 
has been secured, who will begin his efforts Feb. 5. 

« i have learned of the recent death of Bro. O. O. 
Button, elder in charge of the congregation at Ra- 
niun.i. Kans. Heart failure, induced by an attack ot 

Corresponding Editors. 

hal report of Bro. S. II. Flory's 
Mechanic Grove church. Pa., 
ere baptized and'that two more 
ation of the rite. 

revival effort 
ildicates that 
iwait the ad- 

church and 

Button was a recognized leader in h 
ity and their loss is keenly felt. 

Bro. Frank Carper, of Palmyra, Pa., assisted the 
members of the Big Swatara church, same. State, in 
a recent series of meetings. Amid general rejoicing 
thirty-three made the good confession. 


Salem church, Iowa, is plann 
her present house of worship, 
providing better Sunday-school facilities. The work 
is to be attended to in the near future. 

A new house is to be built at Altoona, Pa., oi 
site of the present structure, in the near future. 

10. J. W. Lear, of Decatur, III, after preaching 
dedicator;' sermon of the Broolcville church, 
^ntinued in a series of meetings, which re- 
thirteen accessions to the church. 

Six made the good choice during the meetings, held 
in the Mississinewa church, Ind., by Bro. R. C. Weng- 

The territory of the Shade Creek church. Pa, be- 
ing too large for one pastor, has been divided, — the 
two congregations, thus formed, being known as 
" Shade Creek " and " Rummel," respectively. 

This week Bro. Galen B. Royer is giving a seric 
of lectures in the Bible Institute at McPherso 

Bro. J. Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn, N. Y, expects 
to begin a revh 
Feb. 13. 

effort at the Midway house, Pa, 

Bro. Ol 

ver Aus 

tin, of McPherson 

Kans, co- 

operated w 

ith the 

nembers of the Pie 

asant View 

church, sar 

ne State, 

in a series of meet 

ngs. Seven 

entered upc 

n the ne\ 

life as it is in Chris 

t Jesus. 

On Friday evening of last week Sister Mille 
of Bro. J. E. Miller, Sunday-school Editor, 
the rite of anointing, preparatory to an operation for 
appendicitis on the following morning. We re- 
joice that the operation appears to have been highly 
successful, and that present indications are favorable 
for her speedy recovery. 

To save space, the Official Directory of Church 
Boards and Committees, which has heretofore been 
found in every issue, will hereafter be printed only 
in the first number of each month. Can you remem- 
ber where to look for it when you have occasion to 
refer to it? In the first paper of the month. Or cut 
it out of the last number, and file it away in your safe- 

The following reports of District gatherings were 
duly received, and are already in type but, owing to a 
lack of room in this issue, can not be published until 
next week : " Southern Ohio Sunday-School Institute," 
" Texas and Louisiana," " Sunday-School Institute 
of Northwestern Ohio," " Northeastern Ohio," " Sun- 
day-School and Bible Institute of Southern Illinois." 
A few other church communications, crowded out 
this week, will also appear in our next issue. 



Since the last report from the West Wichita 
church. Kans, five have been received by confession 
and baptism. 

Bro. Silas Hoover is at present engaged in a series 
of meetings in the Upper Cumberland congregation, 
Huntsdalc. Pa. 

The South English church, Iowa, desires to secure 
a teacher of vocal music. Write Bro. J. D. Brower. 
South English, Iowa. 

Fitz informs us that his address in 
the Almanac should be 1201 Albina Avenue, Portland, 
Oregon, instead of 1125 Albina Avenue, — as given by 
some one not fully informed as to the facts in the case. 

Bro. David Hollincer, of Gri 
just closed an inspiring series o 
Eversole church, same State, nin 
ceived by confession and baptism, 

'ille. Ohi< 

having been re- 
nd one reclaimed. 

In this time of "national hysteria," over the sud 
den necessity of " preparedness," it is encouraging t< 
note also the rapid growth of a vigorous opposition t( 
the militaristic movement. The January number of the 
Missionary Voice, 810 Broadway, Nashville, Tenn, h 
largely given up to the discussion of this question 
It contains a number of well-prepared articl 
mere sentiment, but consisting of facts and arguments 
showing the utter folly of this feverish haste to arm 
the nation for defense. 


As i 

Bro, J. F. Soudeks was with the members at Han- 
cock, Minn, in a series of meetings, during which 
five stood for Christ. 

The Omaha church. Nebr, rejoices in eight appli- 
cants for baptism who are to be received into fellow- 
ship in the near future. 

Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe, of Lincoln, Nebr, is to be 
with the members at Council Bluffs, Iowa, in a series 
of meetings, next June. 

In i lurned to the Lord at Nez Perce. Idaho, dur- 
ing the inspiring meetings held at that place by Bro. 
Ellis M. Studebaker. of McPherson, Kans. 

ult of the meetings which Bro. D. L. Mil- 
ler has been holding during his sojourn at Omaja, 
Cuba, some have already been received into church 
fellowship, with the prospect that others may come. 

We regret to learn that Bro. D. M. Mohler, of 
Grand Junction, Colo, is under the hand of affliction, 
and that his removal to the city sanitarium was made 
necessary. The prayers of the saints are asked in his 

The Highline church, Nebr, is in need of a pastor, 
and invites correspondence from any of our ministers 
who may feel inclined to take up that work, 
further particulars address the church clerk 
E. L. Lapp, Moorefield, Nebr. 


spending eleven weeks in North Dakota, 
with services every night,— not a single one having 
been lost on account of weather conditions,— Bro. W. 
R. Miller and wife are now laboring on the Pacific 
Coast. Jan. 2 they began meetings at Sunnyside, 
Wash. At the end of ten days, twelve had accepted 
the call and many more were deeply impressed. From 
Sunnyside, Brother and Sister Miller go to North 
Yakima and Wenatchee. They plan to reach Cal- 
ifornia about March 1. 


Bro Ol 

stin, of McPherson, Kansas, has 
been secured for a series of meetings in the Scott 
Valley church, same Stale, lo begin Sept. 19. 

I EN were added to the church during the recent 
meetings in the Schuylkill church. Pa., conducted by 
Bro. Nathan Martin, of Flizabethtown, same State. 


:ipt of a notii 

ncing the death 
of liro. Eleazer Bosserman. of the Eagle Creek- 
church. Ohio, who went to his reward Jan. 4. having 
attained the ripe old age of almost eighty-two years. 
A sketch of our departed brother will be published in 
our next issue. 

Since the last report from the Stonerstown church. 
'a, seven have been received into fellowship, three 
wait the initiatory rite, and two have been reclaimed. 


entered into covenant relationship with 
the saints in the Wichita church, Kans., during the 
revival effort held there by Bro. O. H Feiler of 
Hutchinson, Kans. 

At a late meeting of the Board of Trustees of Mt. 
lorris College. Acting President Noffsinger was 
nanimously elected President for a term of three 
ears, this term not including the year for which he 
as appointed Acting President. Bro. W. E. West 
Lso continues to serve the college as Business Man- 

We note that the Bombay Guardian makes mention 
of the recent " Gujerati Language Examination," at 
which the Examination Board passed upon the quali- 
fications of the various candidates in attendance. 
The Guardian states that Bro. Q. A. Holsopple. of our 
mission, stood highest of all, this being the Board's 
special endorsement in his case: "Rev. Q. A. Hol- 
sopple. of the Church oPthe Brethren, passed with 
distinction." We are glad to report this recognition 
of our brother's proficiency in the vernacular, and we 
are sure that his many friends will be gratified to 
learn of his marked s 



The little band of members at Akron. Ohio, is 
ning lo secure a pastor. Please refer to Sister 
, erna Dicner's communication, among the Ohin notes. 
Of further particulars. 


formal opening of its ne\ 
from the North Handle. 


debrated the 
Mence Hall, so we learn 
Journal. The Tanuary' 
McColpa reports that the building of the new Ladies' 
Dormitory of McPherson ' College is in progress. 
It is a pleasure to note these e\ 

of gr, 

A communication, signed "D. W. W," and re- 
lating lo the Baugo church. Ind.. can not be published 
until the name of the writer is furnished us. Scarcely 
a week passes by in which one or more unsigned com- 
munications do not reach us. These require the send- 
ing of a special letter to some one. in or near that 
church, to ascertain the name of the writer. Much 
postage. — saying nothing of the extra labor thus- 
caused. — is required to obtain the information want- 
ed. All this might be wholly obviated by a little more 
care on the part of our writers. Please see to it that 

fore sending it. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 


Too Bad to Keep. 

You have sometimes heard news too good to keep, 
and so have we. This time we have some too bad to 
keep. Ordinarily we do not approve of telling bad news, 
but this is simply too had. We can not endure the 
strain alone. We must have the relief that comes 
from sharing one's burden with another. 

We have heard of a certain section in the Brother- 
hood. — a whole county, it is.— in which not half of 

ary Visitor. And the county is not the one with the 
smallest number of our people in it either. Note that 
these arc the ministers, not laymembers merely. 
What, do you suppose, these preachers think of their 
relation to the church? How much do they care 
what the church is doing, or how she is meeting her 
responsibilities to the world? One must wonder if 
they are aware that the church has any responsibili- 

Can you believe that such a situation as this is pos- 
sible? We could not, if our informant were not 
known to be absolutely trustworthy. What do you 
think can be done for such a county, or such min- 
isters? We hope you can give us some word of 
comfort, lest we be too sorely tempted to think things 
we ought not, about these preachers. 

The Cuba of Today. 

In my previous letters I referred to the native 
Cubans and the Negroes of the Island. A brief state- 
ment touching other classes of the population may not 
be without interest. After the war for the liberation 
of Cuba from the Spanish yoke of despotism, in 
which the United States took a very active arid suc- 
cessful part, great numbers of the Spanish left the 
Island and went to Spain, carrying with them much 
resentment and ill will against the Americans, because 
of the Spanish-American war and the help given 
Cuba to free herself, and to become an independent 
republic. After the Cubans were fully organized, and 
the United States had withdrawn from the Island, 
many of the Spaniards returned and entered upon 
their former business careers again. They regarded 
it as a very desirable business locality, and, as a rule, 
they achieve commendable financial success in their 

The Spaniard is a keen, wide-awake, progressive 
business man, and you will find him a leader in his 
line. One authority states that there are at least two 
hundred thousand of this nationality on the Island, 
and most of them are steadily engaged in profitable 
pursuits. They are owners of the sugar and other in- 
dustries of the Island. As merchants, shopkeepers 
and laborers they make a great deal more money than 
they could possibly earn in Spain. The Cubans re- 
gard them as temporary residents, who are looking 
forward to the time when thev shall have saved 
enough money to live in comfort in the homeland, 
when they will at once return to Spain. 

Among the Cubans prevails the spirit of putting 
off until tomorrow what might be done today, which 
is found among the Arabs in Palestine. The word 
manana, tomorrow, is in common use among them, 
when pressed to work today; but this in no way ap- 
plies to the Spanish business man. He is quick, ac- 
tive and full of energv. In ahoiit every country town 
you will find a bodega, store, often a grocery, but at 
times a general merchandise establishment. It is said 
that about nine out of every ten of these are owned 
by the Spaniards, and they manage them successfully. 

To Mr. Lindsay I am especially indebted for the 
information given of the ten thousand Chinamen, now 
resident in Cuba. In the early part of the last century 
they were- imported under contract, to labor on the 
sugar plantations. Each one had a metal tag fastened 
about his neck, with a number, telling the date of the 
expiration of the contract! Once they reached the 
sugar-estate, the coolie was reduced to a slavery a 
great deal worse than that in which the negro was 
held. He had no privilege whatever, was miserably 
housed, insufficiently fed, and received less consider- 
ation than cattle and horses. When the legal date of 
his release approached, his identification check was 

frequently changed to make his term of slavery a 
great deal longer. 

This condition existed for many years, until at 
length knowledge of it reached the Chinese Govern- 
ment, and stirred it to action. A Commission was 
sent from China to make an investigation, and the re- 
sult was that the exportation of laborers from the 
Celestial Kingdom to Cuba was stopped. In these 
days there is a local law against their coming, but 
they come regardless of the statute and find their 
way to the sugar-estates in the interior without in- 
terference. They make good laborers and receive 
fair wages and better treatment than was given them 
years ago. They not only work on the sugar planta- 
tions, hut engage in merchandising, truck-farming and 
other lines of industry. The Chinaman is noted for 
his ability to adapt himself to the kind of work he 
finds in the countries to which he goes. On the 
Pacific Coast, in the States, he is the truck-raiser and 
market-gardener and the laundryman. In Cuba the 
Negroes had monopolized the laundry business when 
the Chinaman came, and John at once adapted him- 
self to other employment. In Havana he learned to 
make sweetmeats better than those manufactured by 
the Cubans. But when he came to sell them on the 
streets, he found himself wonderfully handicapped 
by his weak voice, when pitted against the Cuban 
hawker, who surprised us when we first heard him 
crying out with loudest voice, and telling what he 
had for sate. The Chinaman, confronted with an ob- 
stacle, immediately set about overcoming it. John 
secured a long box, painted it a brilliant red, mounted 
it on his head and, with a stick of hard wood, went 
about the streets, drumming on his box. He at- 
tracted attention at once and very soon the Cuban 
women and children forsook the man who bawled 
frantically, and bought their sweetmeats from the 
silent man who simply heat on a box. 

It is estimated that there are some seven thousand 
white citizens o£ the United States living in Cuba. 
There are also a few colored people here from our 
Southern States. While the Americans are not so 
numerous as some of the other foreign residents, they 
represent more wealth than any other class of the 
population. They are most largely interested in the 
sugar industry and railways. A recent issue of the 
Chicago Herald tells of a fifty million dollar sugar 
company being organized in New York for operations 
in Cuba. They now own the largest sugar mill on 
the Island, and, for that matter, the largest in the 
world. They are also largely interested in the iron 
mining, carried on near Santiago, and are also engaged 
in the fruit raising industries. A good many Amer- 
icans have come to Cuba, hoping to succeed in farm- 
ing, and many of them have failed. Colonies of 
Americans and Canadians have been located in differ- 
ent parts of the Island, and these have not all been 

Among the colonies is Omaja, pronounced " Oma- 
ha," our winter home, and a pleasant pioneer place it 
is. It was founded in 1905. It is 432 miles east of 
Havana and 100 miles west of Santiago. In 1909 the 
colony numbered 263, most of whom were Americans. 
Our church organized here had about thirty members 
and twelve had been baptized. Bro. Ira P. Eby was 
elder in charge. At the present time the colony num- 
bers one hundred Americans, and we have thirteen 
members of the church living in Cuba today. This 
does not seem encouraging and I made careful in- 
quiry as to causes that led to this result. Here they 

First The difficulties in securing clear titles to 
the land. The old Spanish land titles are very com- 
plicated and it takes a long time to secure a deed. 
A brother here bought a large tract of land eight 
years ago and has not secured a deed as yet. The 
Land Company has the case in the Supreme Court, 
and the purchaser is hoping he will get a favorable 
decision at an early date. There has been an im- 
provement made during the last few years, and titles 
may now be secured. But purchasers must be care- 
ful to be sure of a deed before paying for the land. 

Second. Some of the colonists came here with but 
little nioney with which to RUpporg themselves, hoping. 

upon the representation of the Land Company, to be 
able to make a good living at once. Money does not 
grow on bushes here, to be plucked and used. It 
takes time, experience and hustling to turn the jun- 
gles of tropical growth into productive farms. One 
must first learn how. 

Third. The unsettled conditions in Cuba dis- 
couraged some of the colonists. Our members formed 
a colony at San Marcos. Then came the Negro in- 
surrection of a few years ago, and the members In- 
coming discouraged, all returned to the Slates. There 
is but one member living at San Marcos now, -Sister 
Dean. Her family moved there from here, after the 
colonists left. She attended the meeting-; hen and 
gave the information concerning the colony. 

Fourth. Capitalists and land companies arc also 
largely to blame for these conditions. Speaking of 
them, the author of " Cuba and Her People " says : 
" In some cases promoters had bought land at low 
figures, which they sold to inexperienced settlers at 
high prices. Not infrequently these were invalids, or 
men looking for a life of ease, to whom it was repre- 
sented that any one might make a comfortable live- 
lihood, if not a fortune, from Cuban land, with little 
effort and the investment of a trifling amount. The 
principal object of such companies is to dispose of 
their property as quickly as possible. They do little. 
or nothing, for the community which they create. The 
natural result of such a combination of unfavorable 
conditions is failure in its worst form. Cuba has 
suffered incalculable harm from the effects of dis- 
honest and ignorant exploitation by American and 
Canadian land companies. But the fact remains that 
there are few more inviting fields for efforts in agri- 
culture, if intelligently undertaken with sufficient 

The conditions referred to by the author exist not 
only in Cuba but are to be found in the States as well. 
This is not to be construed that all land companies 
and land agents are of this class, but enough are to 
be found to make purchasers careful. There arc manv 
honest land men in our country, as well as in Cuba, 
and their statements may be depended upon. Many of 
them have done great and good work in colonizing our 
Western States. Cuba has a number of this class of 
men who are fulfilling their obligations to the letter, 
and are helpful to the colonist. But no matter how 
reliable the company, the purchaser should always 
make a careful investigation before investing. 

Cuba offers fine opportunities for success, But it 
is to be remembered that success comes from expe- 
rience and labor. If one settles here he should have 
enough capital to pay for his land, and enough to 
live on until the best methods of farming have been 
learned. This takes some time and patience. In all 
countries some succeed better than others. In the 
best, failure occurs, and this is attributable to the 
one who fails, and not to the country. Some who 
came to Omaja have succeeded, while others have 
failed. Fine opportunities are here offered to those 
who are willing to stay and work. 

We are intensely enjoying the fine climate of Cuba. 
Three years ago this winter the writer suffered from a 
severe attack of bronchial pneumonia, resulting in 
bronchitis. This annoying ailment clung to him until 
the Cuban climate entirely cured it, and he is now 
thanking the Lord for the riddance, for the Lord 
made this climate. Today. Jan. 4, 1916, he is writing 
in a room with the outside doors all open, coatless and 
vestless, and is very comfortable. It is two o'clock. 
P. M., and the thermometer stands at eighty-two. 
Letters tell of ice and snow and zero weather at home, 
and it sounds a bit strange. 

God blesses our meetings. Several are to _be re- 
ceived into fellowship and others seem deeply im- 
pressed. Praise the Lord for his goodness to us all! 


The Herald of Peace. 

After the world had been in strife with itself and 

God for thousands of years. Jesus came into the 

world to declare terms of peace. Tl was evident thai 

the world, of itself, could not find peace. Bloodshed 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

ami murder, beginning with Cain, the world's first- 
born, continued unabated, All hope Was lost, except 
as peace was expected through another. To keep 
hope alive, Isaiah Introduced to the world the Herald 
of Peace Centuries before he Came, saying, " His name 
shall be called Wonderful- Counsellor, Mighty I »d, 
Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.' 1 Then, upon 
Ills arrival, the vbice of the angels floated out over the 
hills of juda-a, singing, " GlOry to God In the highest, 
and dn earth peace ambng men in whom he is well 
pleased." In introducing Jesus, both the prophet and 
the angels state the spirit bf the New King itnd the 
nature bf his Kingdom. 

JesUs is distinctly the Leader of a great peace 
hioveinent. He came to quell strife and to establish 
peace. This is his mission, and he can not fail. All 
had failed before him. Even the thundering authori- 
ty of Mount Sinai had proved itself totally inade- 
quate to the world's peace needs. Principles and 
teachings, infinitely superior to those of the past, were 
demanded. Jesus came with such a code. And when 
the foundation was sufficiently laid, he delivered the 
Constitution of his Kingdom in the Sermon on the 
Mount. It was his Inaugural, though delivered in the 
second year of his ministry. In that discourse he 
clearly sets forth the policy and principles of his 
administration. The multitudes were astonished at 
such teaching, yet they confessed its authority and 
power. So now. Herein are the principles of peace 
laid bare, the way to reach peace pointed out and the 
blessing of the peacemaker pronounced. And It is 
certain that if the world reaches a state of peace and 
maintains it, it will be by the grace and wisdom of the 
teachings of Jesus. He is preeminently the world's 
Peace Leader. His principles are unfailing, and big 
enough to provide world peace. 

Teachings of the Herald ot Peace. 

1. Brotherhood. — All men have a common origin. 
God is the Creator of all. He is the Father and We 
are the children. All are of one blood, for " he made 
of one even' nation of men to dwell on all the face 
of the earth." The whole human race, irrespective 
of color and nationality, is one great brotherhood, 
therefore. Brotherhood implies equal relations. rights, 
opportunities. It is the ground of community in- 
terests, the motive of cooperation, the bond of fellow- 
ship, the security of peace. Brotherhood demands 
peace as its first and least requirement. 

2. Love. — The dominant note of all that Jesus 
taught and did is love. " Thou shalt love the Lord 
thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and 
with all thy mind." is the first and greatest command- 
ment of ail. "Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy- 
self," is the second, the next greatest commandment 
in the world. Upon these two commandments all just 
laws hang, whether God makes them or man. They 
cover the two relations of human life, and set them 
right, — keeping them right. And the two biggest sins 
in the world are the violation of these the twn biggest 
commandments in the world. 

' Nor does the law of love end with these command- 
ments. It had been considered that men might justly 
hale an enemy, and so men and nations still consider. 
Bui Jesus .taught that we shall love our enemies, and 
pray for them that persecute us. Ii is easy to love 
I rod, because he is good ; it is easy to love a neighbor, 
because lie binds up our wounds and bruises, pouring 

us to get in position to pay them. This is the measure 
of a neighbor. He is a verv lovely fellow. But to 

hate, mistrust, greed for lands, advantages on the high 
seas, national pride, love of martial conquest, etc., — 
these, the baser things of life, must continue without 
a remedy, unless men can be made to understand that 
they arc brothers, that brothers must not fight, that 
there is a better Way to settle disagreements. 



unreasonable, the unthinkable thing, in fact. It is 
not. It is both reasonable and right. Properly speak- 
ign, love is based, primarily, on relations. Even 
though a man hale us. he is our brother, nevertheless. 
and in the reason and right of this relation, we are 
bound to love him, and to do him good, not evil. 

Brotherhood and Ipve are the solution of the war 
question. In these two laws must be found the cure 
for the present war. if found at all. and the preven- 
tion of war for all time to come. If brotherhood and 
love prove insufficient to keep the world at peaee with 
itself, then peace is a dream. Physical force has 
shown itself totally unequa) to the task. Selfishness, 

finite God would condescend' to dwell in every humous 
heart. That .tieans, brother, sistel' ■ friend,, that cveir 
you may be a teniMe for him. 

The Greatest Fact of Pentecost. 

WSat do you think it was? The appearance of 
the tongues like as of fire, the sound as of the rushing 
of a mighty wind, the speaking with other tongues, or 
the conversion of the three thousand? The latter, you 
would gtiess, perhaps, but great and blessed as that 
was, it was not the thing of most significance for the 
future of the infant church. That wondrous fact 
was the new conviction that henceforth "all flesh," 
both sons and daughters, young men and old, even 
the servants and handmaidens, were to he the recip- 
ients of God's Spirit. 

It was not merely the fact that " they were all filled 
with the Holy Spirit," but it was the inference which 
this fact carried with it., as explained by Peter, that 
at last the prophecy of Joel had found its fulfillment; 
at last the gulf that seemed to separate the common 
man from God had been bridged, and the rare privilege 
which had belonged to priests and prophets and the 
specially favored few was now to be enjoyed by every- 
body. Nothing should stand between the humblest 
individual and his God,— nothing except that indi- 
vidual's own will, 

Nothing stands out more clearly, in these early 
chapters of the Acts, than this new sense of the 
Spirit's power and presence. You see the Christians 
living in the overflowing joy Of it. " Filled with the 
Holy Spirit," " praising God," " with gladness and 
singleness of heart," " Of One heart and soul,' — these 
are characteristic phrases.- Nor did their fervor ex^ 
haust itself in praise and feeling happy. It had a 
vefv practical aspect, also. It gave them a fine sense 
of stewardship. "Not One of them' said that aUght 
of the things which he possessed was his own." Try 
to imagine What would happen If that could be said 
of the church today. 

There is a special reason why It Is Important to ob- 
serve this practical bearing Of the possession Or the 
Holy Spirit by these primitive Christians. That 
reason is the prevalence of the notion that the emotions 
constitute the peculiar province Of the Spirit. Any 
marked display of feeling is commonly accepted as 
indisputable proof of the Spirit's presence. When 
people pray for a baptism of the Holy Spirit, the 
answer is usually measured by the degree of en- 
thusiasm which is aroused. 

Now it is certainly true that anyone in whom the 
Spirit of God is the controlling influence, will be 
mightily in earnest in all good things. Yet the show 
of feeling, in any given case, will depend much upon 
the individual temperament. Again, enthusiasm is 
sometimes due to other causes than the influence of 
the Spirit. But the point which is oftenest overlooked 
is. that' the human mind has other faculties and 
powers upon which the Spirit of God has just as good 
a claim as he has upon the feelings. These Pentecos- 
tal Christians were "filled with the Spirit," and when 
a man is " filled." tliere is no part of him left empty. 
His intellect and will are filled as full as his emotions. 

No. there is no section of the human personality 
that is the special domain of tire Spirit. He rules in 
thoughts and purposes no less than in the feelings. 
Indeed, the supreme test of his presence in your life, 
is not how you feel, but what you think and plan ami 
do. To be sure, the feelings must be enlisted before 
volition can be converted into action, but they have 
no monopoly of the Spirit's work. His sphere is every 
faculty and function of the soul. 

And when the truth was driven home that God had 
come to live in every human soul that would give 
him welcome, regardless of standing or station in the' 
world, it was a wonderful day" lor the progress ofi 
truth and right, and gave promise of wonderful things. 
to come. Here is the great significance of this Pente- 
costal outpouring of the Spirit. It was not the first 
time he had found a dwelling place within the hearts 
of men, but never was it seen,, as' now;, that tire in- 

That Wett of Water. 

Jesus told the Samaritan Woman that whoevcrr 
would drink of the water that he would give should! 
never thirst, the reason being that tfe water would! 
become, in the individual drinking it, 
water springing up unto eternal life." 

That is a very interesting reason. What neeii of ai 
well of water for one who never thirsts? Does Tesus; 
not mean then that one who drinks once of this l?fe- 
giving water will never desire more ? This is evident- ' 
ly not the Master's idea of never thirsting. He must 
expect that one will drink much of this water, else 
he would not provide an ever-springing well for this 
purpose. The thirsting of which he speaks is desire 
unsatisfied and incapable of being satisfied. That 
kind of flirrsfiwg is impossible for the follower of 
Jesus because the Wafer supply is too abundant. He 
never thirsts because lie is always drinking. 

But he is not drinking without relisri. He is not 
forcing it down. He drinks this water' because ill's; 
good; because it is better than any other he' Can find!- 
He drinks because in drinking it his deepest' desire' 
is satisfied. He always wants more and yet he" need' 
" never thirst," since he can always get water when he; 

But just what is this wateY? And how do you drink 
it? -— 

Storing Up Personal Preparedness. 

An orator made a great speech, ana was asked 1 how 
much time he had given to the prefAKttion of it'- 
" Twenty years," was his answer. The' rime, con- 
sciously given to that special speech, may' *»' have- 
been more than twenty minutes, but the drill alSH-dis-- 
eipline of twenty year's had really gone into it. 

You can depend upon it, the man who proves him : ' 
self a hero in some great crisis has not, all of a sud- 
den, acquired such skill or courage. He has been 
exercising these qualities' in the countless little tests 
of life that pass Unnoticed by the multitudes. 

Would you be strong for some great -task? There 
is only one way- Be faithful to the little ones. Count 
the hundreds o( little trials of your patience and 
moral strength as so many lessons in your training 
course for that crisis yet to come. 

What Is Fellowship? 

Not bodily presence but spiritual likeness, is the 
essence of fellowship, whether human or divine. Why 
is it, — try as hard as you may. — you can not feel at 
home in certain people's presence? Your feet stand 
on the same earth, but you are nevertheless living in 
different worlds. Let two persons get together who 
have had a common experience, — old soldiers, for ex- 
ample, — and see how free the interplay of counte- 
nance and conversation. Thinking like thoughts; feel- 
ing like emotions, choosing like ends. — these are the 
things that make for fellowship, whether with man 
or God. 

When Prayer Is Dangerous. 

Is it really a burden on your heart that there is so 
much sin and suffering in the world? Do you ever 
pray about it when alone ? Or is it only in the public 
meeting that you make some finely-phrased and heart- 
less reference to the heathen, so that your prayer may 
have proper length and due proportion? Of course, 
there is one thing you must watch. There is danger 
that if you get to praying in dead earnest for other 
people, you might have uncomfortable thoughts about 
what you are doing yourself, to help them. Cod 
-might want to use you in answering your prayer-. 

Only five hundred out of a total of 2,300 German 
missionaries on foreign mission fields are now at work 
in their respective locations. American missionary 
societies have come to the rescue of at" least a part of 
the abandoned stafions. Many of the German mis- 
sionaries are held as prisoners of war by the allies, 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER-January 22. 1916. 


t -cMfc 

«,, .««»,,.! Bible Normal ( or tk* ttistrict of Oklahoma, 
>.u..i..,„dle of lexas and Petes Valley. New Mexico 
■ .»^1k1,1 in the Thomas <-l«urcn, Thomas, Okla., Dec. 27 

'Oar instructors xMte'fcethren J. H. Morris and John R. 
litter, who conducted the work in an interesting and in- 
larmer. The subject taken up •'•> *!•:- ' 

School shortly, to prepare himself for mo 
lor the Master. 

day-school ,s bemg conducted at the Allen's 


Iro. Arthu 

t this place does 

t many other pla 

tnplished and 

■ry good interest mid attendance, 
is superintendent. While the work 
, perhaps, equal thc progress made 
some little good, at least, has been 
nestly solicit the prayers of thc 

"^ Sir libra'" M ,° M Cla ' k '" d Sis '" M "*-< 

Meeting !i, ,,"'"' dcnt for Christian Workers' 

Meeting, with Sister Mabel Clark, secretary and treasur- 

R D 1 nin iz r, Ella Qiiakenbusb. 

"■ u. l, (Jlpe, Kans., Dec. 31. 

brethren and sisters that the woVk'hcte'niay'eoTtinuc 
Tu'm^^r.,,, « a -vW. Alien 

that of ''terjempt 

: through ifhe mediu 

Eld. "J. "H. Morris 

which number aboi 

fh> ugh the attend: 

tprfcted, the interest 

good, in furtherani 

Agra, Okla., Jan. 

n," John 3: 16, which was studied 
of an outline booklet, prepared by 
The enrollment was eighty-six, | 
thirty-two were from ether places. 
! had been ix- 

i good, and 

! Mit 

of Bible sstttsdy, 


: t'ha 


The S,™aay-scl,odl dfthe Shippensbufg church adopted 
he Ohr, .mas Serv,ce, prepared by the Brethren Publish- 

. uf Zl , y mcans of . thi! ' " raost deli(!htf " 1 *»* '«ip- 

tul entertainment was enjoyed on Sunday forenoon, Dec 
26. The service Was followed in its entirely 11,1 I ,l,„ 
'Miller, of Oakville, Pa., assisted in the pre^™',/ 
rendering „ the Ynusic. The regular order crt the Sunday- 
school work was followed during the first half hour 
.- uter winch the special service was rentered. All realised 
■enjoyment from the exercises, and ^pressed satisfaction 


The subject of this 'rtotfee was horn (6 Henr'v af.ll Sir-,!, 

Crumpacke, Gravluli , pril ,,. ,,,,,, .„ B^./^Cot ,y 

\ " : ,\ S '' m "" ] ""° ,l,c Ch »™" <" «»e Breth- 

ren ih Airgifst, 1S62, at the Valley church 

iStfs. ^ d tr::zv s \ s i::i sir,*-- Moomaw 

Bro. Graybi.l was called to the ministry in September. 
I«S was advanced to the second degree of the ministry 
in 1890, and ordained to the eldership in 1904. 

As a minister he was above the ordinary. His discourses 
gave evidence of fhought and preparation. A. times be 

very grateful for 

vifh i 
The Sunday-school and ttarin olc 
i f. c >«vi« rendered by Bro. Miller, who assisted at 
Christian Workers' Mewtesj- i„ the eveninK , af ™ ,,™ 

XZ'lt'n* J'°% mml Se ™ °" »« "Birth of 

■ umst and Its Signimaince " 

Sunday, Jan. , 2 , hc „„;„„ of bo(h , y . schoo , 

and Christian Workers' Society were unanimously re 

b tlvUd V ' Purc,lasi "E at present such books as are 
og« M T' . mmedi »«* l«lpful in the preparation of fa 

■S: .i;f,;; t f,ne a mh ,hc —v-t"-' a,,d 

•ones, members, especially the younger 

ry... Florence Foqelsangcr, 

Philadelphia, Pa, Jan. 7. 


The members of the Portland churcn met in council 
Dec. IS. The first business of the meeting ■(,.« the 
choosing of an elder for WIS, which resulted in the re- 
election of Bro. C. Fife, Sister Geo. C Carl and Sister 
1-MM Cheney will also continue their work during the 
sonwirg year,— the former as chorister and the l„,„r -,. 
.Cleft. ' e lat,cr as 

Sunday-school officers Were then elected The mem- 
bcrs strewed their appreciation of Bro. Carl's loyalty and 
earnest work in the Sunday-school by reelecting him to 
■|he office of superintendent. A little business which had 
been left over 'from the last council, was disposed of, 
after winch (lie meeting adjourned. 

We met toec. 24 for Christmas services. Opening cx- 
rVS -r? ray " Were co,,d » ctc<i °y Bro. Carl and Bro. 
C Fit,. The primary and intermediate classes of thc 
■iut"H.y-school occupied the greater part of the time by 
."Bering songs and recitations. Their work was well 
J-iiie, largely due to the efforts of Brother and Sister 

Milbvan who tw* the lead in selecting pieces and dr ,g 

the pupils. ./ft the close of the program all present were 
presented *Ith a small gift suitable to the occasion The 
following Sunday, the two primary classes of the Sun 
■>*>-<ff received Testaments in return for their regular 
P ?i J ^" IC " ,C i " t '"" i "^ class received Bmles. 
•loWand, Oregon, Dec. 27. Grace W. Hewitt 

OldTei'' '"""' H ' S ' eXtS WCrC lakC " ' argC ' y fr ° m ""■ 

For more than fifty years he was afflicted with a lame 

limb, which often militated against his active service in 

Hie ministry, but when physically able he rarely disap. 

He had been in declining health for several m 
with a complication of diseases, and called for his 
brother, Eld. Jonas Graybill, and the writer to i 


He attended Thanksgiving services, and very suddenly 
and unexpectedly went to his eternal home on Monday, 
Nov. 29, 1915, at the advanced age of seventy-eight years, 
•.eve,, months and sixteen days. His funeral was preached 
by Eld. J. A. Dove, assisted by other brethren, after 
whirl, he was laid to rest in the Troutville cemetery. 

He is survived by his wife, one son and two brothers. 

Troutville, Va., Jan. 2. C . D. Hylton. 

'" tbe'rVh,,* ' ' ai "''" , ,' ,rC "' rCn ' [ " SOi "* al ">'« ««ir Fa- 

leas, and' ', ,?"" ""'" '' aVe «"«'^^ 'or a time a, 
cast, and doubtless many souls were born into the king- 

''• mil','e" r s C a,", S '""TT, '""' "* '" ™"* ° th " "»^ *= 
• - ami most of the members moved away in search 

f!s er W °7fT Wh "' "' Cy m '' Sht ™ U < mo ""' 

s il ,', , • " find ab °"' ,hirl y-"ve faithful members 
:""« -ntaiiiing a Sunday-school as best 
Hie) ran, w.thout a rcs.dent minister. They love the 
church, and very mud, desire „,», their childrenmigh 
grow up under the influence of the same. Tbev are no 
wealthy, but are willing ,„ „ c | p a wide-awake minister 
could one be found willing to locate among them 

arc NO fo V ,',r breth r C "' '" ■'"*'" "'*' "' " ho «« »"»« Acre 
s,„„l, <J c mir " stt . rs '" °" e c »"Bregation, should 
Sunday after Sunday enjoy a good sermon, while there 
•lie Pliers as the one above described, where people are 
starving for the Word? Are we not showing a spirit of 
gross indifference by remaining where we are. while hun- 
dreds of precious soul, are drifting from the truth and 
many others are going to their graves unsaved' 
Mountain Grove, Mo„ Dec. 31. C. n. Bogarr. ' 

We have closed our first six months' labors in Musca- 
tine We have been very busy since taking charge of the 
work here. We have moved our church building and are 
now conveniently located on the West Hill street car 
hne, at 1133 Lucas Street. Good interest is being mini 
festcd in our church work. 

Our Sunday-school rendered a good program on Christ- 
mas Eve. On the last Sunday in the old year we gave a 
sermon on " Consecration." after which we held our in- 
stallation services. All officers for the ensuing year were 
installed. By this service all were made In realize more 
fully the responsibility of their work. Most of our „,em 
bers arc willing workers. There are visible signs of some 
good being done. We have been hindered on ,,,, ,„,,,, „| 
so much sickness in our city. There has been an epldem 
,c of la grippe raging here for the las, six weeks 

We have our work well planned for the new rear n„r 
members seem hopeful that we will have a good V ea, in 
he Lord's work. Our motto is: "Expect great thing. 
from God; attempt great things for God." 

1 wish to thank Ibe members who have contributed of 
their means to the support of the work here When 1 
look over this territory. I realize that "the harvest in- 
deed is plenteous, but the laborers are few." 

Leander Smith 
■HO Fletcher Avenue, Muscatine. Iowa, Jan. 1. 


Thc District Bible Institute of Western Pennsylvania 

held its fifth session at the Roxbury house, Johnstown, 

Pa., during thc holidays. Though thc weather was in- 

The year ending Dec. I, 1915, has been one of excep 
lional interest for the Franklin County church, Iowa 
In November, 1914, Bro. Jas. F. Swallow came to us in a 
revival effort which resulted in thirteen souls being added 
to the Kingdom. At the same time our ministerial com- 
mittee secured the services of Bro. Swallow as our pas- 
conductcd" '""' '". J "" e ' 191S ' Bro - >■ Schechter. Jr.. 
luiued one week longer by our pastor, with eight acces- 
sions in all. Since then four have been baptized and 
two others are awaiting the rite. The total number unit- 
ing with the church is twenty-seven. Bro. Swallow ha, 
also held meetings at Worthington, Minn., Fairview 
Iowa, and Richland, Iowa. 

We have also improved the church premises by erect- 
ing a commodious parsonage, and drilling a well on the 
Church lot. A baptistry and gasoline lighting system 
ave also been installed, and a number of good, sub- 
c'imtial sheds have just' been completed. 
Pro. Swallow will remain with usuntil March 1. After 
'at |,e will hold evangelistic meetings for those desiring 
is services, He also expects to enter Bethany Bible 



We met in council Dec. 30. Our elder, Bro. S. EVLantz. 
presided. Bro. J. S Sherfy read as a Scripture lesson 
Matt. 18: 1-23 and gave some very good counsel on right 
living. Five letters of membership were granted 

It was decided to have a members' meeling on the last 
Ihursday of each month, alternating between the two 
cburchhouses,— the Madison church and the country 
church. These meetings arc to be held in thc evening 
except the regular quarterly councils, which will be held 
at the regular time. The purpose of the monthly meet- 
ings shall be to attend to any necessary business, and to 
discuss best ways and means of accomplishing the church 
work. The visiting brethren gave their reports of the 
church visit, which found all in love and union. Some 
admonitions were sent in by the brethren. Officers were 
elected for the coming year as follows: Bro. Lantz, elder 
for another year; Bro. G. E. Shirkey, church treasurer; 
Sister Alma Quakenbush, church clerk; Bro. J. C. Clark] 

Sister Grace Shirkey was elected Gospel Messenger 
agent and church corresponden, from the Verdigris 
country house, and Sister Leona Sherfy was elected to thc 
same position from thc Madison mission house. 

Bro. G. E. Shirkey was elected as eur Sunday-school 
superintendent for the coming year, and Sister Floy 
Shirkey, secretary and treasurer; Sis*r Ella Quaken- 
bush, chorister for Sunday-school and iChriitlan Workers' 

clement, the crowd 
and comfortable house 

well in serving excelle 
of all, every speaker w 

The work of the home minijters was well received. B 
M. J. Broughcr shed light on thc work of the Holy Spi 
'~ M. Clyde Horst gave very helpful hints concern! 

Moreover, the commodious 
irship at Roxbury is always 

Aid Society did their part 
lis at nominal prices. Best 


of Ibe local 

fective. Bro. P. J. Blougb, in a splendid talk on the 
anointing, emphasized, in an unusual way, the possibility 
of deriving physical beiiefil from this much neglected 

Our District Sunday-school Secretary, Bro. f. E. Hol- 
smger, was at his best as. in one period each day. be lifted 
the Sunday-school workers to a higher plane of efficiency 
and usefulness in the schoolroom of the church. 

Our leading instructors were Bro. A. C. Wieand. of 
Bethany Bible School, and Bro. Galen B. Royer. the effi- 
cient Secretary of the General Mission Board. These 
brethren were a success all the way through. The former 
attempted, from all angles, lo be helpful and inspiring to 
the Sunday-school workers for 1916. The Book of Acts 
was opened up in a way that will be remembered alike 
hy ministers, teachers and other Bible students. We were 
indeed fortunate that j'ust at this time we could have such 

Bro. Royer came with his excellent talks on missions 
and allied subjects. His extensive travels have supple- 
mented his more extensive reading and study along mis- 
sionary lines. All this in addition to bis many years of 
experience with our Mission Board makes Bro. Royer in- 
valuable in interesting people |n mission study or in mis- 
sion work w. M. Howe, Secretary. 

Mcycrsrialc, Pa, Jan. 5, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

Osceola.— We nro now In tl 

committee were chosen. 

o be anointed. T 

:,.,.! now. by Chi- Crnr 

of Ood. she has i 

ai.l of meillclnc. She 

8 able to do her ho 

a Christmas pro 


all received Christ 

mas 8 

£o7s a On rC the 

officers resulted as fo 

lows: Bro James 

-',,>. i 



the afternoon service no offering bm< t to bo sent to a 11° s wer< 

fnlon house Chinese brother who is nu-ikioe n snirlfi. r of mine on one « w .. 

«.-,.. o,n.h. „,„. , ,..,.. lo or,!,, 10 ,..i™ .1 ■ „, ........... ....... Peace Toll.; , 

onilay-school suj.ei Inien.l.nt. s'i.l.'i Cora Hone; 


•"otSwll" a'n' Ai'l'fo.lH.' "!.",.'','"ski..., T| -''„"" ""••"■' ''•i'".' : ' V,nir'"°,oS t omc«."wTrV r «°le««r"S NEW MEXICO. 

KANSAS tcndcnl f..,r ,,.e ,r'....l''nrd!'i,.''.'"sfirT.\!-",~. i"'.mTr.t"i.°o ™ rooM 'not have" .sc°r 

ehorel, met In eounell at the Navarre house I.e.- 1 ","' "L M ' ' '',' ' '' ' ",'-' '"',""" '"-. '""'' - 1 """ °' ™««'»ss ""Tin- house, jo we met In the pleasant home o 

Maoon presided. Church. Sunday-school vn.i n,,... s-.. I' 1 o. ..... '). =". ,r0, " n l,< * t ' 1 " n.eetlnR for us jo W.llouBhhy ooe night., and In our home I 

.... nlul.t 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22. 1916. 

i graded lessons 

r ' l l Antelope Valley c 


Iceably enjoyed by 

fair. Bro. BTolsInger preaches 

-Oracle Underwood. R. D. 4, Billings, 

holder, Sunday- 

Lalte to Ellison. Splendid ini. 

\rWw Knle/lil, Ruby 1 

India, home on fi 
school. Her talk w 
An offering of it: 

Uplls. ]y n , to he 

In Infill Hi Mi,- Ml.l- 

n, 11, Lebai gn . 

expired at this time) f 

My BlissBod Experience, 
sglvlng to the Lord 



crvli'.'! — Minnie Mel- 
ijiiiiki'i'iown, lii-uiiii 

' Western Foiinsylvnn 

Waggle Waggoner. 

Biongh, Treasurer, R. 

Philadelphia (Oothimy 

<(rc-t*. The wliiKlriK w;i: 

e« of meetings 

jaainga Creek 
led to iH-tltlon t 

Elsenberg, superin 

ilndered by sick- siding. 

er] l>y haptisi 



Our elder, Bro. Daniel M. Eshelman, died Dec. 31,— 
just a little before the close of the old year. He had 
been sick only about one week before he died. He was al- 
ways blessed with good health. 

To work for the church and his family, he seemed to 
enjoy. His absence in the home and church will be kecn- 
* ly felt, for he was a wise counsellor, a man of good judg- 
ment, well grounded in the truth, and always ready to 
help. -He seldom was absent from church services. He 
leaves a wife and four children, all in the church. One 
is a minister of the Gospel. 

Eld. Eshelman was called to the ministry in 1895, and 
became elder of the West Grcentrcc congregation in 1905. 
He died at the age of seventy years, six months and thir- 


tten days. Funeral services were lieicl il Rhf- 
thc home ministers. Text, Job 14: U. Jrtter- 

As a preacher Brb. Esliclwap > 
his deliberations, ills iiitvr^rcut- 
He was nbt afraid tjo, §pea>' 
isbed his (cllow-labore- 
i,.B this life, i)j,ai'' .. hil 

•H 'n'} "«>•■' JC " !i ?*J 

A,s an, el* 1 .id firm for ih 


ment in the 

j clear and pointed in 
on of the Bible was good. 

convictions. He admon- 
ninistry, just before leav- 

truth. We have the hope 
ind higher field of labor. 

er, he was patient and i 
^ an example for others to fo 
Elizabcthtown, Pa., Jan. 6. 

ciful. His de: 
S. R.'McD 

during 1915 the Lord dealt graciously with us, calling 
ay only three of our members by death, 
more were added to our 
r elder and pastor, 
ifully with spiritual food. 

Last Saturday, New Year's Day, was 
lation day for the Old Folks* Home 
\bout two slcd-loads of members wen 
ions, and spent the day with the inm; 

i supply us 

along. In the afte 


for the 


held in the 
could. We 

chapel. The day 
unable to get around in the world i 
all enjoyed it, and thank the dear Father for the privi- 
lege of being with them. 

The Sunday-school, which has been in charge of Bro. 
(I. A. Brumbaugh (or the year, has made progress in 
every line of work. The missionary activities of the 
school have been strengthened by a secretary. The Sun- 
day-school library, in charge of a committee, is being 
supplied with books. The offerings in Sunday-school dur- 
: ng the year amounted to $778.95, including two special 
offerings for the liquidation of our church debt. Average 
lUiendance, 191. Six members of the school graduated 
in teacher-training. This class will be followed by anoth- 
er; also a Mission Study Class. 

The Bible Study Class, in connection with the midweek 
prayer meetings, has increased in numbers and interest 
this year. The church elected the following officers Dec. 
3, 1915, to be installed Jan. 9, 1916: Sunday-school super- 
intendent, Bro. D. G. Replogle; secretary, Hattic Barnett; 
superintendent of primary department, the writer; treas- 
urer, -Bro. D. O. Miller; superintendent of cradle roll, 
Lydia Brumbaugh; superintendent of home department, A. 
C. Crosswhite; chorister, Blair Snyder; missionary sec- 
retary, Maria Sell; church clerk, D. G. Replogle, finan- 
cial secretary, D. O. Miller; correspondent, the writer; 
trustee for three years, W. M. Barnett; treasurer, G. W. 
Replogle; church chorister, M. W. Sell. The various com- 
mittees to aid in and prepare for our coming series of 
meetings have been named, and every effort will be made 
to have the work well organized before Bro. Geo. W. 
Flory comes. M. Elizabeth Barnett. 

Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 5. 

It was the writer's privilege, recently, to spend two 
weeks with the members of the Hancock church, located 
in Stevens County, about 150 miles northwest of the Twin 
Cities. It is among the smaller, but not necessarily the 
weaker, churches of our District. I found a very earnest 
band of workers here, willing to be led, into larger fields 

ady i 


the fields are there, and 

i new country, in which are to 
ities- Norwegians, Swedes and 
Sever*! frpm each of the first- 
among the membership of the 
in passing, that nwrikers won 

This is, comparatively, 
be found various nation; 
Hollanders predominate, 
named are to be found 
church. It may be said 
from any of these three 
the very best material for church membership in the great 
North w 

_i£ GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

< find i 


growth, we would ha\ 
voted to build a church. We set to work to interest the 
town-people and by the end of February we had bought 
a fine three-corner lot, facing on three streets. Here we 
built a neat, comfortable frame church. 

With our new church, our attendance continued to grow 
until we had a fine primary class of about twenty-five, a 
good-sized ladies' class, and a large class of men. We 
had trained teachers for every class. We set our aim at 
fifty, last year, but one Sunday we reached fifty-seven. 

This fall, when we organized for the winter's work, we 
had a new class of twelve beginners, from three to six 
years of age. Our primary has grown so as to necessitate 
a division, making a junior or intermediate department. 
On anniversary Sunday we had sixty present. We arc 
now aiming for an attendance of seventy-five, and expect 
to reach that number before spring. 

Quite a number of our brethren have come in and arc 
helping with the work. A hearty welcome awaits those 
who anticipate coming. Sister S. W. Bail. 

elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting 
Sixteen were received into the church by baptism, as 
result of the union evangelistic meetings. More tha 
fifty pupils in our Sunday-school were perfect in attenc 
ance during the year 1915. One old lady, past s> 
years of age, was among them. One girl in her 
has been perfect in attendance for six years. 
Scalp Level, Pa., Jan. 6. S. B. Hoffi 

We i 


in council Dec. 18, with Bro. John O. Streeter 


of sickn. 


:ted: Elder, Bro. A. B. Peters; 
foreman, Bro. John O. Streeter; clerk and Messenger cor- 
respondent, the writer; treasurer, Bro. J. H. Metcalf; 
chorister, Sister Ida Metcalf; Siinday-school superintend- 
ent, Sister Nell Rickard; treasurer, Sister Leona Metcalf; 
secretary, Sister Hazel Streeter; chorister. Sister Ruby 
Metcalf. Some time ago we sent an appeal to the minis- 
ters of the Brotherhood who are wishing to change loca- 
tions, requesting that they investigate conditions af this 
place. We again ask that some one heed the call. 

We, who are in need, wonder why there should be this 
great need in some places, while in others there are ao 
many idle. We feel that the call " Go ye " means Washing- 
ton, and especially Eastern Washington. Perhaps there 
are better chances elsewhere of laying up treasures on 
earth, but if we are alive to God's call, we will re- 
member his " Lo, I am with you alway." Not many are 
going to foreign fields, why not reach out into the needy 
corners of the homeland? In the vast territory of East- 
ern Washington there arc several congregations with good 
churchhouses an.d great possibilities, and some congre- 
gations with no church houM?. There are only two or 
three ministers in all this territory, not mentioning the 
sections never touched by our people. 

Who will answer for the hill people of Northeastern 
Washington especially? These people need you so much. 
When writing please address cither the writer, Sister Ida 
Metcalf, or Bro. John O. Strepter, all of Chewelah. 

Chewelah. Wash,, Jan- 6- . Pearl Hixsop. 

: may be said, in favor of the church at Hancock, that ^» rd > P"^c*ytf *k? dedi 1 cat ,°: , 7 


immunity. Already it is the 
f a large and growing com- 
e seen whether or not it wiil 
s opportunities- Hitherto it 
has had all the experiences, associated with tlie influx and 
outflux of immigration, including preachers. 

I offer a kindly suggestion to my ministerial brethren, 
when I say that the best interests of the flocks are not 
conserved by spending too much time on the wing. Time 
is indispensable in knitting together the interests of both 
shepherd and sheep. 

Bro. Geo. Shade, a young minister, is doing the regular 
preaching at the present time, with Eld. J. H. Brubaker, 
of Monticello, Minn,, in charge. Either of these breth- 
v\\i be glad to answer any inquiry concerning the 

special mjjsie. 

Evangelistic services arc to be hejd every evening for 
,o weeks, conducted by Pro. yjrgi^ C. Fjnnell, of Des 
ojnes. "Mrs. W. A.' Ogden. 

2234 Ohio Street, Omaha, Nebr., Jan, 5. 

I . = 1 !o v it 


Preston, Mir 

stood for Chri 

the kingdom. 
, Jan. 4. 

J. F. Soudcrs. 

We celebrated our first anniversary Jan. 2. One year 
ago our little flock began holding services in Bro, Bail's 
home. The first Sunday our attendance was eleven, six 
of that number being our own members. We held out for 
five Sundays, and found that, on account of constant 

(t on Monday evening, Dec. 27, and elected the 
: officers.: Superintendents, Bro. Harry CrjsJ and 
the writer; secretaries. Sister Addi,c Weaver and' Freda 
Shoemaker; treasurer, Sister Mary BIflugh. The installa- 
tion services of the officers and teachers w#rc conducted 
by our Field Secretary, Bro. I. E. Holsinger, Jan. 2. In 
the evening the graduation exercises of the teacher-train- 
ing class took place. Bro. Holsinger gave the address 
for the occasion. The diplomas were presented by our 
pastor, Bro. H, S. Replogle, who closed with a ponsp. 
cration prayer. 

We met in council on Tuesday evening, J„n, 4- Our 
pastor, Bro. H. S. Replogle, presided. Three letters w*rt 
granted. Church officers were elected as follows: Bro. 
J. H. Lehman, church clerk; Bro. Jonas A. Weaver, treasur- 
er; the writer, correspondent. We decided to hold a local 
Bible Institute in the Windber house in February. Our 
pastor was retained ffff another year. The writer was 



The new building of the First Church of the Brethren 
in Omaha, Twenty-second and Miami Streets, was dedU 
cated Dee. 12. 1915. It is well arranged, consisting of a 
basement, main fl^or, and. gallery. It was built by cpntrU 
but ions, from various churches pf the Brethren tjiroughr 
out the State. Bro. L. L. Meek, of Optayja, Nepr., Trcas r 
urer of the Nebraska Mission Board, was prespnf at tfce 
dedication, and delivered a short address of congratula- 
tion. The members of the building committee were also 
present; Bro. J. W. Rasp, of Omaha, Bro. J. 5. Gable, of 
Lincoln, and Bro. C, J. Lichty, of Carleton- 

The pastor, Bro. M. R. Weaver, gave a short historical 
sketch. Six and a half years ago, responding to a call 
that a man was needed to do mission work In Nebraska, 
he came to Omaha. When he arrived here, he found three 
members. Since then fifteen have been added by letter, 
seventy-seven by baptism, and eight arc soon to be bnp- 
tjzed, making the membership one hundred, Bro. G. B, 
R,oyer, of Illinois, Secretary of the General Mission 


methods are nrofitahly used by differer 
Plans, that >vork in que section may be a ftiilurt, ... . 
sft.-tion. Personally, n,,- Tr.-;,M,rer t**\s tl,at, in order 'll.rU 
fV/i i r i "'v%!''V,' J*'- »'!(»:= 1..HI... .urn.,; to cqntindfi 1h|8 W.QT& 

iiwj, Christian Wprkcis' Meetli'ur. Aid 
Organization, e tc.. should have spme iJefl 

rkers' Society, 

i ha-vu not i-Dntrilmti-'ii 

atjons, Wq trust a large nu 
tttanoe by Bank Draft, pars. 

Moores Ktoro, Vn, Trer 

S...lli,.,li, Plsl.ri.-IK of YltKh.l:.'. ' IviH. coi.K..;P.>liuN si... 111. I 
H,VI tJi.-i,-'i-ej.vfs.:-imtive. An\ minlst.T, ... \;,unu I.roiii.'f <,r 
f.lnt,.r, i,.., (.hi- 'i "Win. I rhf nrisMoii:ii\ Held, Is r-lUihle. ■ " 
Eld. J. G. Hoyoi- wii, ■[];>■- uss the relation of tli,. ! Gosp.-H 
■ „ u.r- rn.l Tcstnni-nl, „,ul t„ H„. '.\, u ' 'I Ki-I- , il',* vp 

"''■ f "" 1 "",'1!'!'"' -?" ]S f l 'v ,°'' J * S '" ,"'"' ""' '^''" : ' 1 '' 

lo do' ;.!»•. ;.l .■:i;tr.u-:il woil;. hi Sun. In v-sel.ool work he Will 

-Low Uuw lo '•■ it „ J,n.l- Ml.,,,. I, how it may he a hunie 

and rh,,r,h l„.ilu,r. w,„m l(l)i.| 'o t , .i i„. ,i„l. ; ms .,,-, „, ,',i, I, 

and how lh.:-s may l^-t wr.i tl„. Ju,,,^. , I,, ? m„,„' .,,;,, ,1. 
'Imri'li: the teacher and his work In soul-tuu.-hlnij ,,ti,1 ^,,'u,. 

ispels, fend, ^cts of the Apoi 

t'ited. By ili-fti'f'au l.ito Itn-i 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 

. ittf Jyutl 


Tile Daily Program. 

3'Nettl, Slater Catherine Jane, horn May 

'Mi.t,™;*, son"l\'i,.l"on° illi'i'il-Mer. "'she w 




Miller, Blatt-r M,irf,-;u 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1916. 


What Is Fellowship? ! 

Bro. Youngs' Book and Oilier Books. By J. H. 

Authority In Religion. By D W Kurlz 

No Other Plan, By Albert C. Wleand 

More Preparedness. By J. R. Snavoly 

Advantages of Pastors and Churc 

A Story Not Yet Finished. By Wilbur B. Stover, .. 
F. Holsopple. Preparedness.— Lizzie Shirk, Thi 

Notes from Our Correspondents. 

islding. Sunday-s 

truphaur house, where Bro. Henry Light, 

Snake Spring,- 

by baptism. — Cyrus 

ris, Is at horr, 
ng at Willie 
on Sunday i 

Stella Hltchey. 

by baptism. We deoided to 

lission Study Class,— about 
< Bro. Royer's Book, " Chris- 

in Workers' Society Is show- 



. Watnpler presMc-d. Committer were appointed 

■ chosen Sunday-s. hool 

Ve appointed 
!ro. Hylto'n 'i 

■*? Box 5. Willis," 

May Miller was appointed primary superintendent and e'nrc 

Olympla church met in coim.-ll n,-.,"-i;' 0,11- eldVr' Rr" 
year was as follows: Bro. 



Chippewa. Valley. — On Sunday evenim 

tram, given by the. Sunday-school pu 
>eople of the neighborhood. It cons). 

changing I 

-Bettie Shumate, 

Z. Smith, presiding, 
reorganized by all 

ed by Eld. George 
■ already i 

Tilttee of fifteen was appointed. Bro. D. P. SI 
lhickel. and Mrs. Mae Ola^elirool; were app- 

department workeis i'nr the Snndav-: 
"" ler, J. H. Mui 


lity i 


.M. Mason and Robe 
Meeting, with Bret! 

Luther Wampler to 

e talks were very 
ork was ?-iS,57. — 

I committees were 
bs was reappoint- 

• delegates to 
W. A. Myers : 
jell H Mason t 

corresponding : 

night, the members planned to give 

and family 

the following week, left gifts 

nneld. — We have been enjoying a very spiritual Bib 
i brought gifts for the poor. Our present Sunday-; 

C one wag o . — O u : 

were good, especially during I 
Bachmanville House Jan. 23. — 

Pleasant Valley.— Jan. 6 we met In a m 

because of la grippe. Bro. John McLane 
meeting. Two letters were granted. Tin 

Highilne clmirh me'i in council' Jan. s. 'y 
S. H. Nlckey, presiding. Bro. Mickey st 

Sunday night, with good interest and goo 
dally on Sutnlav inoiuing and evening. 1 
weekly i.rayer meetings at the homes. We 
at Beatrice, to hold a series of meetings 1 




^spondent; Bro. John Boon, Ira Wagoman , and 



will find that it fills a great need in assisting 
the adult teacher to make each lesson instruc- 
tive, interesting, and fascinating. 

will find their needs all meet with a wealth of 
suggestion, illustration, side-lights, etc. Senior 
students, members of Home Departments, 
ople's societies will find 

will find the problem of boys and girls pro- 
vided for with helps and suggestions plenti- 
fully Supplied to lighten the burden. 


will find this year's volume especially valuable, 
abounding in information, sidelights, helpful 
suggestions, novel and interesting ideas, etc. 
Almost 500 pages, 8vo., illustrated. 

Price $1.10 



from the 

Twentieth Century New Testament 

A translation into modern English. 

Made from the original Greek (Westcott and 
Hort's Text) by a company of about twenty 
scholars representing the various sections of the 
Christian Church. 

This little volume contains only the Acts of 
the Apostles in MODERN ENGLISH. It neith- 
er "adds to" nor "takes away from" the Word. 
Very convenient for reading the Sunday-school 

Price, single copies, 7c each 

Price, in dozen lots, 6c each 

Price, in hundred lots, 5c each 


. pocket memorandum. A spiritual accou 


"WHat It "Will I>o 

t will make systematic givers. It will tee 

each. Special prices 

. Imitation Leather— 25 cents 

Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Elgin, 111., January 29, 1916. 


Prohibition in Russia. 
Despite the many adverse reports concerning the suc- 
cess of the prohibition enactment in the realm of the Czar, 
there are well-established facts that speak for themselves. 
A recent report by the Governor of a Russian province 
gives assurances that are truly remarkable. According 
to court records, the percentage of crime has decreased 
to a minimum, and it is clear that the greater part of law 
violations in the past was directly attributable to the in- 
fluence of intoxicants. Living conditions throughout the 
Russian Empire, have improved most remarkably. Where, 
during the days of unlimited , consumption of intoxicants, 
the people were able to make a bare living only, there is 
now plenty and to spare. 

Christianity in Japan. 
Recent statistical returns, regarding the progress of 
Christianity in the Nipponese Empire, seem to indicate 
that but one out of four hundred people in that country- 
is a professed Christian. We are told, however, that upon 
the occasion of the coronation of the Emperor, some 
weeks ago, more than half of the awards of honor, be- 
stowed upon educators, 'went to Christians. We have a 
renewed evidence, in this recognition of real merit, that 
a paramount Christian influence in any country does not 
depend upon mere numbers but upon vital and all-per- 
vading excellency of character. A thoroughly consecrated 
Christian minority may be able to exercise a dominant 
influence upon a large majority if properly directed. This 
should be a source of no little assurance to any Spirit-filled 


Liberty to the Oppressed. 
i there has existed, in many pa: 

ts of China, 

what may be termed slavery, — : a 
of slave girls throughout the Empi: 

of drudgery, and generally shame, until a Government 
edict in part, at least, provided for the mitigation of the 
evil. Some of the cities and provinces enforced the edict; 
others were indifferent. Recently the city of Canton took 
summary action in the matter. Any slave girl who ap- 
plies to the police is provided with food and lodging, and 
educated. Some are sent to the "Government School 
for Rescued Slave Girls," while others are confided to 
the care of mission schools. Many of these unfortunate 
girls are blind, and must, necessarily, be given special 
attention. This, however, is being done, and here again 
the American mission schools have come to the rescue 

most efficiently. . 

Past and Present. 
Recently "The Congregationalist " celebrated the com- 
pletion of one hundred years of successful journalism 
*by a special issue, commemorative of the event. A spe- 
cial feature of that number was a symposium on this 
ever interesting topic: " Is the Christian Religion a 
Stronger Force in the World Today Than It Was a Hun- 
dred Yeats Ago? " Here is a brief summary by one of the 
writers: "Then there was more outward observance; 
now, more inward obedience. Then, more rigidity oF 
doctrine; now, more expansiveness of life. Then, more 
prohibition of evil; now, more promotion of good. Then, 
more profession in proportion to service; now, more serv- 
ice in proportion to profession. Then, more concern' 
about the future; now, more responsibility for the pres- 
ent." Applied to our own Church of the Brethren,— a 
century ago and today,— how do the statements, above 
enumerated, apply to our case? 

The Rugged Road of the Reformer. 
Some weeks ago we referred to the earnest endeavors 
of Thomas Mott Osborne, warden of Sing Sing Prison, 
to change the character of that institution from one of 
brutality to one of humane principles. Then the sinister 
forces of the opposition element made themselves felt, 
and succeeded in having him indicted on several trumped 
up charges. Pending the investigation, Governor Whit- 
man has appointed Professor Kirchwey, a friend of Mr. 
Osborne, as warden pro tern. It is to be hoped that a 
fair trial will demonstrate the competency and guiltless- 
ness of Warden Osborne, and that he may be permitted to 
continue the work he has so well begun. Our nation has 
all too few of the men who dare to substitute the law of 
love for the law of force in the institutions they govern. 
Mr. Osborne, in but a few months, and in plain sight of all, 
changed a den of wild and lawless beasts into a self- 
respecting community of law and order. In any other 

country a grateful constituency would have highly hon- 
ored him for his great public services. In the great Em- 
pire State he has been made the victim of a foul con- 
spiracy that does not scruple to ruin his character and 
drive him from public life. Too often the .benefactor of 
mankind must look for his reward solely to the'approval 
of his own conscience. He need not count on the plaudits 
of fickle humanity. 

An Electric Hand. 
Confronted by the urgent necessity of replacing, in 
some way, the hands which, by- the ravages of the relent- 
less war, have been wrested from the unfortunate partici- 
pants in the struggle, Director Klingcnberg, of the Ber- 
lin General Electric Company, announces the successful 

the heaviest metal objects may be grasped, and a variety 
of activities may be engaged in most advantageously. As 
arranged by the inventor, a strong battery is supplied to 
the operator, and enables him to exercise all the func- 
tions of the human hand. Crippled soldiers will thus be 
enabled to engage in occupations requiring manual dex- 
terity, in this way mitigating, to some extent at least, the 
mulil.ilion incident to war. 

Further Complications. 
At this writing (forenoon of Jan. 25) a large part of 
the reports from the European battle area is said to be* 
suppressed by the censor. Fairly well substantiated re- 
ports, however, seem to indicate that, by the early en- 
trance of Spain into the European conflict, the Central 
Powers will gain an important ally. It is said that the 
specific task allotted to Spain will be the taking of Gib- 
raltar,— Great Britain's stronghold, and key to the Medi- 
terranean. Sweden, also, owing to constant «nd uncalled 
for irritation by Great Britain, threatens to cast her lot 
with the Teutonic Powers. If so, Roumania is likely to 
fall in line on the same side. With the occupation of the 
Albanian city of Scutari by Austro-Hungariau troops, the 
last resistance on the part of Montenegro has apparently 
been disposed of. No important developments have oc- 
curred on the other battle-lines. Both sides are holding 
their own, not caring to sacrifice their forces in a need- 
less effort. 

The Value of Thorough Effort. 
With but twenty acres of land at his disposal, Mr. Ar- 
nold Martin, near Pawnee City, Nebr., has demonstrated 
that, by the right sort of cultivation, enough can be made 
on so small a farm to keep a family and save a snug 
sum besides. So successful is he that the Department 
of Agriculture at Washington sent an expert to investi- 
gate Mr. Martin's methods, and finally issued a bulletin, 
descriptive of his system. He is, by the Department, de- 
clared to be "the most successful farmer in the United 
States." The secret of h> success is, that not a foot of 
his ground is allowed to remain idle. Two or three crops 
are raised on every acre each year. He has raised as 
many as seven hundred bushels of potatoes and seventy- 
five bushels of corn to the acre. What would happen in 
the great field of spiritual endeavor if the workers for 
the Lord were equally efficient, and would not "allow a 
foot of the ground to remain idle"? And what bounteous 
returns for the Master there might be! 

New Wonders. 
Scarcely have we ceased wondering about the hitherto 
revealed achievements of wireless telegraphy and tele- 
phony, until we are again put in touch with a new phase 
of wireless communication. Two Swedish officers have 
perfected a portable wireless instrument— so small that 
you may not only take it with you, but you can send 
messages by means of it while you are rapidly traveling 
oh a vehicle. With this implement an airship will be able 
to send messages to other airships, or to some one on 
the ground. In this way aid may speedily be summoned 
in case of an accident or other emergency. On railways 
the new invention should prove of special value, as the 
various employes of the train will thus be in ready touch 
with other points on the road at all times. A ship that 
finds itself surrounded by fog will, by means of this new 
device, be able to communicate with other vessels all 
the while, thus obviating all danger^of collision during a 
period of danger. Wonderful as all these things may be, 
they can not be compared, in real worth, with the wireless 
communication available to the child of God through the 
blessed medium of prayer. Surer and swifter than all 
else is the ready response of the Father when we, as his 
children, come to him with our burdens and perplexities. 
The promise is, "Before they ask, I will answer." 

Prohibition in the Larger Citiei 

that l 

n por; 


:olo., Seattle, Wash., and Portland, 
Oregon, located in three of the seven States that became 
dry at the beginning of 1916. -There is no doubt that the 
liquor men will spare neither effort nor money to con- 
test every inch of ground in the cities named. We may 
rest assured that every possible means will be employed 
that Satanic ingenuity can suggest, to discredit the pro- 
hibition movement. But even should there be a failure, 
now and then, in the rigid enforcement of the law. be- 
cause of the- stealthy opposition of the liquor men, the 
cause of right will ultimately win, and prohibition will 
most assuredly prohibit. 

What One Woman Did. 

Twenty-two years ago Miss Adelia Fox came from To- 
ledo, Ohio, to Berea College. Ky. She had not been at 
school very long until she saw the great need of Un- 
people in a near by settlement, known as "Cowbell Hol- 
low," and as a first move she started a Sunday-school for 
the sixty families who clung to the steep hillsides, all 
about, for a living. She found that not a soul in that 
vicinity could either read or write, so the Sunday-school 
soon grew into a regular school, and finally into a "social 
settlement." During the day she taught the children 
" from six to thirty-six." At night the older people were 
guided through the rudiments of an education hitherto 
neglected. In the afternoon she had sewing classes, and 
whenever there was opportunity, she opened her kitchen 
to the women who were anxious to be taught the bet- 
ter way of doing things. So, for more than a score of 
years, Miss Fox has stuck to her post, and she has won 
her fight. The neighborhood proves the value of her 

devoted teaching. 

Real Sacrifice. 

A successful business man and a noted lawyer, resi- 
dents of New York, sometime ago left that city for a trip 
to Korea. Passing through the country, one day, they 
noticed, in a field near the road, how a boy was laborious- 
ly attempting to pull a rude plow, while an aged man di- 
rected the primitive implement. Puzzled, they asked their 
guide as to the reason for that singular procedure, and 
were given this answer: "That is the family of Chi 
Noni. When the church was being built, they were eager 
to give something. Having no other resources, they sold 
their only ox and gave the money to the church. Now 
they are pulling the plow themselves." The lawyer and 
business man were silent, but finally the latter said, "That 
must have been a real sacrifice." Their guide said, " They 
did not call it that; they were glad they had an ox to 
sell." Then it was that the two travelers got a new idea 
of genuine sacrifice. In a general way they had often 
heard their minister in the homeland speak of it, but the 
real meaning of it they never realized until that day. 

Militarism and Public Schools. 
Outside of religious journals, practically every periodi- 
cal of the land urges the military training of schoolboys. 
In glowing language, the advantages to be gained by 
learning the science of modern warfare, are pointed out. 
We are assured that such training in no way interferes 
with school duties. And yet no assertion is more mislead- 
ing than the specious plea that any one can learn the 
principles of warfare and still remain a consistent advo- 
cate of peace principles that assure national prosperity. 
Just as soon as any one becomes part and parcel of a 
military organization, he becomes an exponent of war 
activities. The suggestion of his entire environment, the 
object of his daily training, the supreme purpose of his 
life, in fact, is that of violence, A favorite plea of mili- 
tarists is this: "The training can do no possible harm. 
It will teach a boy to be manly and courageous, and de- 
velop him physically." The facts do not wholly substanti- 
ate such an assertion. Military life may, indeed, develop 
physical strength, and, no doubt, may arouse a display of 
bravado that some might designate as courage, but as 
to the finer, moral qualities, there is little chance for 
their development in the average military camp. This 
fact is admitted by some of the most noted advocates of 
national defense. And yet, in the face of all this, the 
country is urged to introduce military training into the 
public schools, and the most extravagant claims are made 
as to its salutary effects. Surely, opponents of militarism 
can well afford to unite in outspoken remonstrance. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


The Moral Warfare. 

When Freedom, on her natal day, 

Within her war-rocked cradle lay, 

An iron race around her stood, 

Baptized her infant brow in blood, 

And, through the storm which round her s 


Their constant ward and watching kept. 

Then, where our quiet herds repose, 

The roar of baleful battle rose, 

And brethren of a common tongue 

To mortal strife as tigers sprung, 

And every gift on Freedom's shrine 

Was man for beast, and blood for wine. 

Our fathers to the: 


■ifc i 


Which rises to their honored place. 
A moral warfare with the crime 
And folly of an evil time. 
So let it be. In God's own might 
We gird us for the coming fight, 
And, strong in him whose cause is 
In conflict with unholy powers. 
We grasp the weapons he has given — 
The Light, the Truth, the Love of He 

Useful Christians. 


Too many men merely hope that they are Chris- 
tians. A fewer number, who are the real leaven of 
the lump, reveal tru 1 fact that they are Christians by 
a useful life of unselfish service. They arc too busy, 
doing Christ-like deeds, to take time to hope they 
are doing right. Their life is the expression of a 

One is constantly searching for the person whose 
life is a positive factor for God, and whose own well- 
ordered life is a sufficient rebuke to the erring. 

The Christian whose deeds reveal the life which 
lie professes, is the one who has said, " I shall pass 
through this world but once. Any good thing, there- 
fore, that I can do, or any kindness that I can show 
to any human being, let me do it now. Let me not 
defer it or neglect it, for I shall not pass this way 

It seems that too often the conception of what a 
Christian should be is essentially selfish. Surely one 
should be interested in his own Christian develop- 
ment, but not to the extent that his sole purpose is 
merely goodness in itself. 

There is no selfishness, no neglect of others, more 
thorough -going, nor more effectively cruel, than con- 
stant preoccupation in the attainment of one's per- 
sonal goodness. 

Dr. Archibald Alexander, in his book, " Christiani- 
ty and Ethics," makes a very striking statement, 
augmenting this vital truth, " The eagerness of self- 
improvement, and even zeal of religion, may become 
a refined form of selfishness." The truth which he 
desires to state is, that only as we put into our every- 
day life those things that are taught by the ordinances 
of the church, do we fulfill our duty as Christians. 
The mere zeal for church ordinances alone, makes one 
a Pharisee. 

In the book, " He Took It Upon Himself," a story 
is told, illustrating the point of personal goodness and 
religious zeal minus Christian acts. A very religious 
monk, not wishing to soil his hands and stain his soul 
in the sinful city where he lived, ascended far up 
into the mountain, which rose like a great wall back 
of the city, hoping that thus he might be alone and 
better develop his Christian character. He spent his 
time alone, reading the Bible, singing songs of praise 
to his Maker and looking down at the city far below 
him, in its poverty and sinfulness. He dreamed one 
night that he was talking with Jesus concerning the 
sinful city below and asked the Savior why such con- 
ditions must be. The Savior replied, " I am counting 
on my subjects to carry the message of love and light 

The monk then searchingly queried, "And if they 

should fail you?" Whereupon Christ earnestly re- 
plied, " Oh! but they will not fail me; I am counting 
on them." 

The man understood the vision and descended from 
his selfish Christianity to become a vital factor in the 
salvation of his native city. 

All around us Christians are wearing themselves 
out in trying to do better. It is not more heat that is 
needed, but more light; not more force, but wiser 
direction to be given to the real energies already 

The Christ is calling for those of his flock who are 
willing to perform the simple duties of kindness, love, 
self-denial; so truly exemplified by his life among us. 
He is asking for some to cheer the homesick, and com- 
fort those who are despondent. He would teach 
his children Christian character by means of these 
little deeds of kindness, love, and sympathy. 

The student asks himself, " Can I afford to help my 
fellow who is in need, and thus rob myself of a few 
hours of study? " Let him consider well. It is only 
as a man loses his life that he finds it. 

Christ sought continually for an opportunity to do 
good. Do we claim to be Christ-like, while blind to 
our brother's needs? Christ said, "Every branch in 
me that beareth not fruit he taketh away : and every 
branch that beareth fruit he purgeth it, that it may 
bring forth more fruit." 

Let us continually strive to express in a positive 
manner our love for the Christ by doing his bidding, 
and by following his example. In that way we shall 
become useful Christians. 
. McPherson, Kans. 

Smooth Things. 


In olden times, the people, who were not disposed 
to " hear the law of the Lord," requested their teach- 
ers to speak* "smooth things" unto them (Isa. 30: 
9, 10). They wanted smooth things, and they got 
them, for the Great Father sometimes lets his children 
have what they persist in craving, even though such 
things may not be for their immediate comfort. Peo- 
ple of this type are looking for teachers who will 
prophesy smooth things, and, as a rule, they are will- 
ing to pay well for their services. Of course, they get 
their teachers, for money and popular applause will 
bring them. It is a case of " like people, like priest " 
(Hos. 4: 9). The demand brings the article sooner or 
later. In 2 Tim. 4: 3, 4 Paul refers to the same condi- 
tion, saying, " For the time will come when they will 
not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts 
shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itch- 
ing ears; and they shall turn away their ears from the 

A pressure is brought to bear on the teaching force 
of the church, and what might be considered good, 
and even trusty men, under ordinary circumstances, 
do not find themselves strong enough to resist the pop- 
ular demand, and so yield to the pressure. Such men 
may have a conviction of what would be the more 
consistent course, and the one more pleasing to God, 
but they do not have the moral courage to stand for 
the right. Instead of moulding sentiment, as God 
intended his faithful teachers should do, they permit 
sentiment to mould them. 

This is especially an age of smooth things. Every- 
thing must run smoothly and easily. In every de- 
partment of life we are looking for the way of the 
least resistance. We seek the smooth roads and the 
easy grades. This we do in all domestic and business 
matters. The policy is to make a living just as easily 
as possible, and the " get rich quickly " theory is 
particularly popular. Even the college student plans 
to secure his grades with as little hard study as prac- 
ticable. The demand for wealth and knowledge is 
general, but only the few are willing to make the neces- 
sary sacrifice, in order to secure either of them. The 
teacher, or prophet, who could point out the easv 
and smooth road, leading up to wealth, knowledge 
or fame might easily name his own price. 

We are becoming so accustomed to doing everything 
in the easy and smooth way that we even look for 
something exceedingly smooth in our religion. The 

system containing the least elements of resistance is 
the one that is in demand. This growing sentiment 
in favor of an easy religion is creating the demand for 
teachers who will prophesy, and encourage smooth 
things. People reason : " We plan to make every- 
thing about us as easy and as smooth as possible, and 
why not have a smooth and an easy religion?" This 
.kind of reasoning paves the way for the ushering in 
of the period when even professors of Christianity 
"will not endure sound doctrine," but will "turn 
away their ears from the truth." 

It is the disposition to turn away the ears from the 
truth that makes the situation serious. People are as 
ready to listen now as they have ever been in any 
period of the world's history, but it is not always the 
truth they are seeking. Most of them are religiously 
inclined, but it is the easy type of Christianity that 
appeals to them. They can not endure enough of the 
sound doctrine to make the New Testament type of 
Christianity acceptable. Certain requirements must 
be eliminated, and the system, as a whole, must be 
suited to the supposed need of the average cultured 
mind. It is not a question, of what the Word of God 
says, but what will prove acceptable to the people who 
are seeking an easy and a smooth way of serving God. 
To meet this demand, one command after another is 
set aside. Nearly all of the Gospel ordinances are 
dispensed with. The straight and narrow way is lost 
sight of. The doctrine of self-denial disappears, and, 
practically speaking, we hear little of what the 
" truth " teaches about the clearly-defined distinction 
between the church and the world. The converted 
and the unconverted are drawn closer together, — not 
that the unconverted has been moved up to a higher 
plane, but the converted has lowered his standard, 
when it comes to obeying " from the heart that form 
of doctrine which was delivered " to the saints at 
Rome (Rom. 6: 17). 

It is not the mere introducing of conveniences re- 
lating to the Christian life, or the leveling down of the 
rough places in the way of righteousness (Luke 3: 5) 
that should meet with the disfavor of the more devout. 
The Author of our salvation means that the spiritual 
life we live shall be made just as pleasant and as en- 
joyable as circumstances will permit. He has even 
said that his yoke is easy and his burden is light. But 
the conveniences and pleasures are to be provided for 
along the line of duties set forth in the New Testa- 
ment. Instead of eliminating a Gospel institution, 
we should plan for the very best way of carrying out 
the will of the Lord. If the method of carrying out 
his wishes, in any particular, is not given, his people 
are at liberty to devise some method, and this method 
may be made just as easy, and rendered just as con- 
venient as the conditions will warrant. But this liber- 
ty in methods does not delegate to any individual, or 
set of individuals, for that matter, the right of setting * 
the Divine Will aside. 

In every department of the Christian life, experi- 
ence and growth, the best and easiest way of execut- 
ing the Will of God, and of doing what he requires 
of his people, is not only allowable, but is to be com- 
mended. Along the line of his teaching, we can think 
and plan, and devise ways and means of serving the 
interests of his kingdom, as well as serving the purpose 
of our creation and conversion. All of this means 
faithfulness, intelligence, and usefulness. Not so with 
the smooth things, disapproved of by the Lord's 
prophet. The smooth things and easy methods that 
practically discard much of the "thus sayeth the 
Lord," and does away with the mark of distinction 
between the children of the kingdom and the children 
of the world, mean disloyalty, weakness and spiritual 

What a difference it would make if every Christian 
minister, who has been called of God to proclaim his 
Will, would stand in defense of that Gospel, regardless 
of popular sentiment, -and the demand for teachers 
who will prophesy smooth things. It is unfortunate 
that each teacher of holy things is not strong enough 
to resist the popular demand of the day. Instead of 
there being " a like people and a like priest," there 
ought to be a like priest and a like people. Faithful 
teachers, and then faithful people. 

Eustts, Fla. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


Their Faces Shined. 


We read in the Sunday-school lesson, some weeks 
ago, that the faces of Daniel and the young men with 
him, who dieted themselves properly, came out of the 
test with faces shining. I wish we had been told what 
the faces of these others looked like, — the ones who 
ate the king's dainties. 

No, there is no need of that because I saw some men 
the other day that told me exactly. One is a preacher. 
His life has been spent in loving service. I knew him 
several years ago and know something of his record 
of work. He has never been a man of striking phy- 
sique, yet he has a shining face. 

Then I saw the other kind of face. I had just come 
out of the church, over in town, where we had a great 
meeting for men, and as I left I passed down by a 
restaurant where a lot of fellows were gathered who 
had not had interest enough to go to the church 10 
" see the speaker perform." Practically every one 
of them was smoking, either a pipe or a cigar. But 
the fact of their lack of interest in things religious is 
the essential point here. I am sorry it was so, and I 
can love them none the less, but, really, 1 didn't see 
a face among them that had any shine in it. Back in 
the years, each of these had been a beautiful, prattling 
child, papa's pride and mamma's joy. So had the 
preacher been.. Had you seen them all in a bunch, as 
children, no perceptible difference could have been 
discovered, so far as the shine is concerned. Then, 
why the difference in manhood? Why should one 
face attract our attention and awaken our admiration 
while the others rather repel us and awaken a sense 
of " wish-it-were-not-so"? 

But why should they be alike now, when they have 
had such a different history? What have the " king's 
dainties" done for them and to them? 

The one has lived constantly out in the light, right 
over a heart that has been constantly occupied with 
thinking out ways and means of making others happy. 
Its owner has spent his life in loving service. There 
has been no hatred in his life. His soul has grown 
beautiful on the diet of pure thoughts and loving de- 
sires he has cherished, and we may well say that his 
life is transparent. 

Down in the cellar, where the king's dainties are 
stored, is a poor place to grow manhood. Self-in- 
dulgence, — loafing with the company usually found 
around pool-rooms, feeding the mind on filth and smut, 
starving it for light and beauty, — what else should we 
expect to see but lack of lustre? Growing plants must 
have a place in the sunlight where they can catch up 
the finest sunbeams, if we are to see luster in their 
flowers. It's God's way to grow flowers, — and souls 
that shine. 

McPherson, Kans, 

Love the Brotherhood. 


Saint Peter groups the love of the brotherhood 
with the fear of God. This shows its importance. 
The plaintive calls for" help, which come from the 
missionary fields of India, China and Scandinavia, 
viewed in connection with the few who respond to 
this call, makes the consideration of this subject time- 
ly. At the same time we are put to shame when we 
see the millions who, for the love of their country, 
are laying themselves upon the altar of consecration 
and sacrifice, for their country's welfare, while we 
do so little. So many of us are wrapped up so fully 
in our temporal affairs that we make the needs of the 
brotherhood of secondary importance. Some even 
value their relation to the brotherhood so little, as 
to stray out of its ranks, to be swallowed up by the 
world. First let us consider what is meant by the 
" brotherhood." 

I. The " Brotherhood " Is an Organized Family. 
— The word " brotherhood " suggests children of the 
same father. In this case God is the Father and 
Jesus Christ the Elder Brother. What a noble family 
this makes ! Children of the Ruler of the universe, 
and relatives of the " King of kings and Lord of 

lords" (Rev. 17: 14)! It is a family above that 
of any royal family of Europe. 

Perhaps we stop to think, "Is this really true?" 
Yes, for it is said in 1 Peter 2:9, " Ye are a royal 
priesthood, a holy nation." We must remember, how- 
ever, that only those who are truly born of God 
(John 1: 13), belong to this family, — this brother- 
hood, for there are many pretenders to whom it will 
be said, on the day of judgment, " I never knew you." 
This brotherhood, then, spoken of by Peter, is com- 
posed of those who are born of God (1 John 4: 7), 
of whom Christ stands at the head, and who are or- 
ganized into the form of a church of which the Mas- 
ter said, " The gates of hell shall not prevail against 

2. Why Do I Love the Brotherhood?— First, he- 
cause the Scripture commands it. Secondly, because 
of its exalted and noble character. We have already 
noticed its relation to God, the Father, and to his 
Son, Jesus Christ. Then, compared with all other or- 
ganizations, it is the purest, noblest and most exalted 
on earth. It is a great privilege and an honor to he- 
long to it. Let us compare it with other organiza- 
tions : 

(a) With Political Parties.— To these some are 
strongly attached, and value them highly, and yet the 
brotherhood is as far above them as heaven is above 
the earth, for those parties contain, within their ranks, 
every species of criminals that the earth can produce. 
No political party ever disowns any one of its mem- 
bers because of his crimes, while the brotherhood 
must, necessarily, disfellowship every member that 
walks disorderly. 

(b) Compared With the Lodges.— After we have 
granted to the lodges all the good they claim to per- 
form, they must confess that their benefits are be- 
stowed only to their own members, while the charity 
of the brotherhood is as broad as humanity. As is 
well known, lodges tolerate as members such as run 
through the whole gamut of fleshly lusts, as mentioned 
in Gal. 5: 19, but the brotherhood will expel all such 
from its ranks. Above all, the lodges are but human 
organizations for temporal advantages, while the 
brotherhood of Christ is of divine origin, and carries 
its benefits to the world beyond. 

(c) Compared With Civil Governments. — Granting 
that civil governments are essential, and that they 
do much good, yet there is scarcely one that is not 
spotted with human imperfections. Often the admin- 
istrators of governments are selfish, and addicted to 
graft and imposition upon their subjects, while the 
government of the brotherhood of Christ is unselfish. 
Like that of Christ, the church's " yoke is easy," and 
its burden is light,— not seeking to be ministered unto, 
but to minister to others. Her Chief Ruler relieved 
every form of human misery and want to which hu- 
man nature is heir, " healing all manner of sickness 
. . . among the people " and feeding the hungry by 
the thousand. When he had done all this, he laid 
down his life for his followers. 

3. We Should Love and Respect the Brother- 
hood for Its Authority— When Christ, the Head of 
the brotherhood, had, -and was soon to 
leave this world, he left his authority to the church. 
He did not delegate it to any particular person to rep- 
resent him, but said to the brotherhood, " Whatsoever 
ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven : and 
whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in 
heaven" (Matt. IS: 18), or, as it is stated m John 
20: 23, " Whosesoever sins ye remit, they are remitted 
unto them; and whosesoever sins ye retain, they are 
retained." Sometimes we hear unruly members say, 
" You can turn me out of the church, but you can not 
turn me out of heaven." They may find themselves 
very much mistaken on the day of judgment, for the 
One who gave this power to the church, has all au- 
thority, both in heaven and upon earth. 

4. We Should Love the Brotherhood for Its 
Institutions. — After Christ had given to the broth- 
erhood his authority, he entrusted to it the care of its 
institutions and the administration of its ordinances. 
There is no way specified in the Gospel by which we 
may get into the body of Christ except through the 
brotherhood,— the church. This is done by faith, re- 
pentance and baptism, but only by an arrangement 

with the church. We can receive the benefits of the 
ordinances, — such as feet-washing, the Lord's supper, 
the communion, and the anointing with oil, only by 
being members of the brotherhood of Christ. It is by 
the brotherhood that the Gospel is preached to every 
nation, and souls are brought into a saving relation 
with Christ. It is the brotherhood that receives young 
members into the church as babes in Christ, and nour- 
ishes them with "the sincere milk of the Word, that 
ye may grow thereby." 

5. We Love the Brotherhood for Its Sweet Fel- 
lowship. — "If we walk in the light, as he is in the 
light, we have fellowship one with another, and the 
blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all 
sin " (John 1 : 7). Among those who are truly born 
of God and have Jesus as their Elder Brother, and 
arc united by the bonds of the brotherhood, there is 
a relationship much nearer, dearer and sweeter than 
that which exists among members of a family in the 
flesh. It is a love which the world can neither give, 
take away, nor understand. It is a love which comes 
from above, reaches into heaven, and obtains its full 
fruition only in the eternal world, in joys unspeakable 
and full of glory. 

6. Love and Loyalty. — We prove our love to the 
brotherhood by our loyalty to it. Christ said, "By 
this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if 
ye have love one for another." We become living 
epistles " known and read of all men." Paul said, 
" I bear on my body the marks of the Lord Jesus." 
We should all bear on our bodies the mark of the Lord 
Jesus. We should not be ashamed of being known as 
belonging to the purest, noblest and best society on 
earth, — the members of the body of Christ. Strange 
that some, when out in public, should be ashamed of 
being recognized as belonging to the brotherhood, and 
try to hide their identity by aping after the world. 

" Ashamed of Jesus, sooner far 
Let midnight blush to own a star." 

Such prove to themselves that they are not truly 
loyal members of the brotherhood, and do not love it 
as they should. They do not realize the advantage 
of being known as members of the body of Christ. 
In the first place we receive the approval of the Mas- 
ter himself. In the next place we receive the ap- 
proval of all those whose respect is worth having. 

Let us give some examples : A sister graduated in 
one of our colleges, and then went to a State Uni- 
versity, to take a post-graduate course. She was a 
good, loyal sister. She always wore her bonnet, anil 

: said 

dressed in " modest apparel." One morning. 
ing toward the university, two professors < 
her and, walking on each side of her, one saic: 

B , we were just talking about you, but 

nothing bad. We just remarked that you were more 
respected than any other lady student in the insti- 
tution, because you showed that you lived out your 

A sister, teaching some distance from home, one 
Saturday bought a ticket for her home station. The 
conductor, looking at the ticket and then at the sister, 
said, " This train is not scheduled to stop at your sta- 
tion, but that bonnet will stop it." Were we to enu- 
merate all the advantages of sisters wearing the bon- 
net, and dressing plainly, it would make a large book. 
It shows that they do not belong to a class of doubt- 
ful character, but are loyal to the brotherhood. 

Fruita, Colo. 

Have You Friends in Washington, D. C? 

It is known by nearly every one that often people 
from 'Brethren homes go to cities and fail to attend 
Sunday-school or church services at the Brethren 
church. In many cases no one connected with the 
church in the city knows of the presence of these 

With a view of helping those who may be in our 
city, and those who may come later, and also with a 
view of having them be a help to us at this place, we 
ask the help of all who may be of assistance in the 
work, as suggested in this article. 
b The Church of the Brethren has, in Washington, 
D. C, a church at the corner of North Carolina 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

Avenue and Fourth Street, S. E., and it is easily 
reached by the street cars. Any one, wishing to at- 
tend our services, is welcome, and is given a cordial 
invitation to worship with us. 

The Gaxber Bible Class, of the Sunday-school of 
this church, is an organized Bible class for young 
men and women, and has an average attendance of 
about fifty each Sunday. The class is doing a good 
work in missionary activities, both at home and 
abroad, and the members of the class are very en- 
thusiastic. It is the desire of the class to be of help 
to as many people as possible, and to this end an ef- 
fort is being made to increase the membership and 
attendance. We (-specially wish to reach those who 
come to our city from Brethren homes 

Any one who has friends in Washington, D. C, 
who might he interested in attending a good, live, 
organized Sunday-school class, will please send his 
name and address to either the teacher, Bro. J. A. 
i farber, 508 B Street, S. E., or to the writer, and a 
visit will he paid to the ones whose names we receive, 
and an attempt will be made to interest them in our 

Strangers, visiting our class, are made welcome, and 
are invited to east their lot with us. After having 
heard our interesting teacher in the teaching of a 
lesson, having observed the inviting appearance of 
our comfortable class-room, and having met with a 
class of such enthusiastic people, very few will fail 
to return if they are at all interested in Sunday- 
school work. 

People having friends in the city who would be in- 
terested in other classes, or in the church services, 
can do a good work by sending their names and ad- 
dresses also, and the information will be given to the 
proper persons. 

It is Imped that through this article some good may 
be accomplished if there are those who are not now 
attending our services. 

8i i P Street. S. E., Washington, D. C. 

Reorganization and Co-ordination of the 
Working Forces of the Church. 


Having been personally asked, along with others, 
to make suggestions to the committee appointed by 
Annual Conference for the purpose of reorganizing 
the working forces of the Church of the Brethren, I 
have taken the liberty to go somewhat farther than 
requested by the committee, feeling that the time is 
ripe for not only a partial but an entire revision of our 
official forces in congregation. District, and the Gen- 
eral Brotherhood, and I herewith submit the idea to 
the careful and prayerful consideration of the read- 
ers of the Messenger. Unlike some of the Brethren, 
I feel that it is better to see this problem whole, and 
to solve it whole, than to see it piecemeal, and to solve 
it partially. 

The suggestions made are as follows : 

1. Elect all ministers and deacons just as we do 
now. and " ordain " them both with the " laying on 
ill" bands." 

2. Abolish the use of the term " elder " entirely, as 
having been misapplied to the ministry, and declare 
all ministers now existing, or to be elected in the fu- 
ture, to be and to remain of one "degree." 

3. Recognize the fact of " apostleship," or the idea 
of governmental oversight and care, as to church 
polity; "prophecy," or the idea of social reform, and 
public righteousness in the fields of applied morality ; 
" evangelism," or the idea of heralding the good news 
to those who need" to make personal repentance of 
sin. and acknowledgment of Jesus Christ as their 
personal Savior; the " pastorate," or the idea of feed- 

* ing the flock and caring for its spiritual needs by vis- 
itation and public preaching; " teachership." or the 
idea of imparting religious instruction in local Sun- 
day-schools, in Bible Institutes, and in Seminaries. 
Please note that all these five ministerial functions, 
mentioned by Paul in " Ephesians four." are not dif- 
ferent degrees or ranks or stations in a hierarchy, but 
simply the natural differences of work in the ministry, 
as determined by the church's needs and by the indi- 

vidual minister's inclinations or aptitudes under the 
guidance' of the Holy Spirit. 

4. In open council of the congregation, annually 
elect all officers of the congregation, such as overseer, 
general secretary, treasurer, and trustees. The over- 
seer is to be the same as the presiding elder has been, 
though not, necessarily, the pastor of the congrega- 
tion. These annually elected officers, in addition to 
all ministers and deacons, to constitute the executive 
board of the congregation for the transaction of all 
the business of the congregation, including the ap- 
pointment of all other officers of the church, Sunday- 
school, prayer meeting, and other special activities. 
This executive board to be subject to the yearly con- 
gregational council. 

5. Abolish all " Elders' Meetings," in connection 
with the District Meetings, and in place thereof, in 
an open District Meeting of all delegates, annually 
elect a District Board of Control, consisting of any- 
where from five to fifteen ministers, whose duty it 
would be to consider and shape up all business and 
queries, to be presented to the District Meeting for 
consideration. This District Board of Control, fur- 
thermore, to elect its own Supervisor, to serve during 
the year. He, with the advice of the District Board of 
Control, as the general administrative officer of the 
District, is to receive all congregational contributions 
for District work, to disburse and account for the 
same, to visit all the congregations of the District 
once a year, to assist in the placement of pastors, to 
advise in the holding of evangelistic meetings, to give 
counsel in matters of church discipline, to encourage 
any worthy moral reform among the congregations or 
in cooperation with other denominations, and in gen- 
eral to look after the advancement of the work of 
the District. At least the expenses of this office are 
to be met by the District served. 

6. Let the Annual Meeting of the Brotherhood re- 
main as it is organized at present with the exception 
that the membership of " Standing Committee " would 
consist of any " ministers " whom the various Dis- 
tricts might choose to send, and the General Assembly 
would consist of such lay and ministerial delegates 
as the congregations might choose to send, abolishing 
the judiciary function of the present "Credentials 

7. Constitute the following boards, of from five to 
fifteen members each, arranging for rotation in office 
and as little service on two or more committees by 
one person as possible, through selection by the Stand- 
ing Committee, and approval individually, by the open 
Con f erence : 

fa) The Board of Missions. 

(b) The Board of Publications. 

(c) The Board of Education. 

(d) The Board of Conference Programs. 

(e) The Board of Sunday-schools. 

(f) The Board of Church Polity. 
fg) The Board of Public Welfare. 

8. Have the Board of Foreign Missions take care 
of all foreign missionary interests, outside of the 
boundaries of State or Provincial Districts, leaving to 
these home Districts the burden of home missions in 
the form of church extension. 

9. Have the Board of Publications take over, from 
the present General Missionary and Tract Committee, 
all tract examination and publication, and all other 
forms of publication and distribution of denomina- 
tional literature, the control and management of the 
Publishing House also passing into the hands of the 
Board of Publications. 

10. Have the Board of Education so constituted, in 
its membership, as to include a majority of broadly- 
educated and thoroughly-consecrated lay and minis- 
terial brethren who are not directly employed as mem- 
bers of the school and college faculties, neither mem- 
bers of the Boards of Trustees of the schools and col- 
leges. One-third of this Board, however, is to be 
made up of members of the faculties of the schools 
and colleges. Have this Board of Education incor- 
porated and legally empowered to receive endowments 
and bequests, said funds to be used by the Board in 
an equitable, just, and righteous manner, by way of 
encouragement to the various schools and colleges, in 
the form of endowments to certain chairs, of loans 

to certain enterprises of the various local boards, of 
scholarships or fellowships in certain fields of learn- 
ing or research, and even of outright gifts to students, 
to teachers, or to the Boards of Trustees of the vari- 
ous schools and colleges, provided always that proper 
religious and scholastic standards are maintained by 
these schools and colleges. In this connection, em- 
power this Board of Education to classify the present 
schools and colleges of the Brotherhood (or any of 
the present " departments " of these institutions) as 
either "schools," "junior colleges," "senior col- 
leges," or " seminaries," and have the Board of Ed- 
ucation, both financially and morally, to encourage 
these schools and colleges to comply with the Board's 
classification of them, by making some one or other, 
of their department classifications, the leading classi- 
fication of the entire institution. As for the establish- 
ment or recognition of other educational institutions 
within the Brotherhood, certainly expect the Board's 
advice to be a leading determinant. 

11. The Board of Conference Programs would 
make a study of all the interests and persons and ac- 
tivities in the church at large, and would endeavor to 
produce a rich and varied program of sermons, ad- 
dresses, essays, studies, and exhibits from year to 
year, making an especial effort to call forth and to 
develop the talent of the whole Brotherhood. 

12. The Board of Sunday-schools would not only 
arrange the lesson material and have the same pub- 
lished by the Board of Publications, but would also 
supervise and assist in organizing the entire Sunday- 
school work in harmony with the most approved 

13. The Board of Church Polity would review and 
advise upon all matters relating to local church dif- 
ficulties, thus taking the place of the "special Annual 
Meeting committees. This Board would furthermore 
be a court of reference and appeal for decisions rel- 
ative to matters of discipline and government. And 
lastly, this Board would serve as an official medium 
of communication and comity between the Church 
of the Brethren and the Brethren Church, as well as 
all other branches of the general Christian church, 
looking toward harmony, cooperation, and union. 

14. The Board of Public Welfare would have gen- 
eral, and perhaps specific, oversight and management 
of all Old Folks' Homes, Orphanages, Hospitals, 
Measures of Benefit or Aid, Temperance Reform 
Movements, Peace Movements, and anything else, in 
the line of public moral, social, or civic betterment 
that, in the judgment of the Brotherhood, should be 
taken up by the church at large, in the interests of the 
Kingdom of God. 

5886 Biurch field Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 

A Silver Wedding Celebration. 


Different countries differ in their customs. It is 
certainly true that half of the world does not know how 
or what the other half is doing. Many of the Europe- 
an countries have much in common with the States, 
yet in many ways their customs are different. 

Dec. 1 it was our privilege to be present at a silver 
wedding celebration in MaJmo, Sweden. It was that 
of a Methodist minister and his life companion. This 
Methodist brother is one of the most prominent 
preachers of his denomination. He has traveled much, 
and a number of times has been in the States, repre- 
senting his denomination at different conferences. He 
has traveled across the country to California. He reads 
their church paper, The Christian Advocate, and has 
even written considerable for that paper. He under- 
stands English, and can speak it some. His travels 
and reading have given him a big heart for America. 
It can be said of him, "He is a big man with a big 
heart." In short, he and his wife are genuine, old- 
fashioned Methodists. 

He was the first of the Malmo pastors to visit our 
home and extend a hearty invitation to their pastors' 
meeting, which convenes every Thursday forenoon. 
He has given me more encouragement to speak in 
union public meetings, when I could scarcely express 
myself in" the Swedish language, than all the other 
preachers. Only one who has had the experience of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

getting into a strange country and acquiring a strange 
language, knows what this means. 

The occasion referred to took place in the church. 
The members of their church, and the preachers and 
their wives, of the other free churches, were invited. 
About two hundred guests were present. The church 
was decorated in Swedish style with a number of 
Swedish flags, with plants and flowers. Two long 
tables were spread with different kinds of sandwiches, 
meats and cakes. A few songs, an address of wel- 
come, and prayer by the chairman of the evening, con- 
stituted the opening exercises after which several 
poems, written for the occasion, were read. Then 
thanks were offered for the temporal blessings, and the 
guests were invited to partake of the simple food that 
bad been prepared, together with tea and coffee. This 
was not a feast where the table was loaded beyond its 
capacity. The strongest drink served was coffee. 
There was no wine, such as is found at many of the 
feasts in our day. It was in harmony with the pro- 
fession of those who, in this way, celebrated twenty- 
five years of matrimonial life. 

After the feasting feature came the best of the even- 
ing. Short talks not to exceed three minutes, were 
called for, of the preachers present. To this nine 
preachers responded. One of these was an American, 
and one a Swede who has been in .the States for six 
years. There, as he himself said, in a conversation, 
he got his training, both political and theological, in 
one of the eastern universities". This was evident 
even in the few words of his talk. He also has a heart 
for America. He says it is hard for him to decide 
whether be is a Swede or an American. The short 
addresses abounded with kind words, congratulations 
and best wishes for a happy future and noble service 
for the Master. Some sixty telegrams, containing 
congratulations from all over the country, were read. 
A number of letters, with best wishes, were also re- 
ceived. The pastor and his wife were also the re- 
cipients of a number of valuable presents. Pastor 
Wagusson concluded this celebration with a short talk, 
in which he gave a little reminiscence of the past, 
lhanking God for past blessings and invoking future 
favors. He thanked all who had taken part in making 
the celebration a success and blessing, and expressed 
bis gratitude for the presents received. 

As we returned home, at 10:30, we felt that by our 
presence we bad helped to make glad hearts, and had 
made friends of such who before bad been strangers 
to us. 

Mahn'6, Sweden. 

The Kind of Minister I Like. 

Looking at our ministers, as they have lived among 
us these many years. — some having grown old in this 
holy calling, recounting the noble deeds they have 
done, the sacrifices made, lives perhaps as free from 
imperfections as any human life ever was, — T said 
to myself. "Who am T, with my few short years of 
half-hearted Christian experience, that I should pre- 
sume to instruct, or say anything that might, in a 
way, look like criticism of the best people in the 
world?" I truly believe that 'the most Spirit-filled 
and Spirit-led, the most spiritually-minded, the most 
self-sacrificing men in t4ie world are to be found in 
the Christian ministry. Brethren and sisters, I have 
said sometimes, when I have heard our ministry 
criticised, " I doubt if better men ever lived than our 
own ministers." T was reminded of the words of 
John the Baptist to Jesus : " I have need to be bap- 
tized of thee and comest thou to me?" 

If I wanted to describe to you an ideal minister. I 
think I could do it no better than by enumerating the 
virtues of our dear brother, of hallowed memory, 
Eld. T. C. Denton. But words would fail me to de- 
scribe such perfection of character, and it would 
not be necessary if I could, for you knew him as well 
as I did. The fatherly interest that he felt toward 
every member of the congregation is well expressed 
in a text I can yet hear him repeat: " For though ye 
have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet have ye 
not many fathers" (t Cor. 4: 15). His was. indeed. 

as Paul expressed it, "love unfeigned." The older I 
grow, the more I love our dear aged elders, — our 
spiritual fathers, — who have loved us so long, and 
have been so patient with us young people. 

I like a minister who has been trained to do the 
work he has undertaken to do. I like one who can 
preach good sermons. I like the one who can lead 
me to higher realms of thought that I can reach alone. 
I like a minister whose sermons have power to draw 
my mind from sensual, material things, and fasten 
them upon the eternal truths of God. In the face 
of the fact that every calling in life requires training 
to insure success, how strange that anyone should 
think that the highest and holiest of all could be 
entered into without preparation, if anyone thinks so. 

I like to see a minister love his work. Love for 
one's work is necessary in any line, if we hope to 
succeed. Only an intense love for the work can over- 
come the self-denial and sacrifice of the minister's 
life. I, for one, do not think less of a minister if he 
would rather preach the Gospel than make money. 
Some, apparently, would like to see his affection 
divided about half and half. 

I like to see a preacher so full of his subject that 
be can scarcely finish his discourse in the time allotted 
him. Do you not remember our dear brother, D. N. 
Eller, how full and running over he seemed to be? 
He had so much to say, — so much that he felt ought 
to be said, and so little time in which to say it. His 
sermons occupied-more time than some, but they were 
never long, because they were so rich in wisdom and 
truth. Such sermons are never too long for me. The 
sermons that are too long for me are those, in the 
delivering of which the minister has finished what he 
has to say, and is trying to " mark time " the rest of 
the period. And yet, how can I criticise the poorest 
sermon, which I reflect that the speaker has spent 
hours of earnest effort upon it while I was in my 
bed asleep, — especially when I have disregarded 
every command of God concerning my duty to his 
ministers? I would not leave the impression that I 
think all the good ministers are dead, for that is not 
the case. I only speak of those we have lost that we 
might appreciate more sincerely those who are with 
us yet. 

The kind of minister I like does not have hobbies 
and get into ruts in his sermons and public prayers. 
The truths of God's Word are so rich and complete, 
so many-sided, such an immense storehouse of rich 
things to draw from, that no excuse is left for a fre- 
quent repetition of a line of thought. Christians need 
a variety of food if they would develop into well- 
rounded characters. Neither does he repeat certain 
expressions in his prayers, until, if one could see 
them in print, one could tell whose they were with- 
out seeing his name or hearing his voice. 

The minister I like does not use uncouth expres- 
sions. Paul was, I suppose, as good a model as we 
have, and we know how earnestly he warned sinners 
oi the perils of sin, but I do not recall that he ever 
used the unbecoming language some modern ministers 
use. That way of preaching may please some people 
but it never appealed to me as being the best way to 
impress the truth. To me it looks like robbing the 
ministry of much of it's rightful dignity. 

I like to see the minister realize his responsibility 
as a servant of God. Under only the most serious 
conditions should he miss an appointment. Of course, 
I, a Iaymember, have the privilege of remaining away 
if I feel so disposed. If I am not feeling so well on 
Sunday morning (and you know a very peculiar 
disease affects some folks, known as " Sunday sick- 
ness "), or if I am tired, or if I want to go visiting, 
or if I am expecting a visit from some of my friends, 
I am free to excuse myself from attendance at 
church, but, of course, the minister, occupying the 
responsible position that he does, must be there with 
a well-prepared sermon, whether I am there to hear 
it or not. We like to see the pulpit filled, but how 
about the pews? 

The kind of minister I like is full of the missionary 
spirit and is an enthusiastic supporter of not only 
mission work, but also the Sunday-school and the 
Christian Workers' Meeting. He gives impetus to 
the different phases of church activity by the interest 

and spirit put into the announcements he makes of 
their meetings. There are often people present at 
church service that do not attend Sunday-school. 
This gives him an excellent opportunity to impress 
upon them the worth of the instruction that the Sun- 
day-school has to offer them, and he does not fail to 
take advantage of it. I have heard announcements 
made that would cause those not familiar with the 
gatherings to conclude that they were not worth at- 
tending because the minister himself seemed to con- 
sider them hardly worth mentioning. 

The minister I like is interested in the young peo- 
ple and the children. That trait, — whether born in 
him or acquired, perhaps both,— makes him " take " 
well with the young people, and is worth much to the 
minister. He is watchful when strangers come into 
the congregation, to call upon them and invite them 
to church services. He is sure to greet them when 
they do come, and he does not fail to introduce them 
to the members of bis congregation. 

The minister I like makes his influence felt in the 
spiritual, moral and social uplift of his home com- 
munity. The one who shows great zeal and earnest- 
ness when in the pulpit, and very little when out of it, 
is apparently inconsistent. 

The minister that I like best of all is tlic one whose 
spirituality impresses one above everything else. The 
minister ought to be trained, be should be cultured 
and pleasing in manner, he should be intelligent above 
the ordinary, but these qualities alone do not make 
the minister one of power. There are many men of 
giant intellect whom no one would ever want for ;i 
spiritual adviser. The minister I love best is the one 
who has lived closest to God, because he is the one 
who can lead me closer to the Father. How empty 
any one's words arc when the vital clement is lacking! 

That thing Paul called love. It is intense earnest- 
ness and devotion. It is sincerity. But one may be 
both earnest and sincere and yet not he spiritual. 
Spirituality can not be acquired by human device, it 
is the gift of God to those who hunger and thirst 
after it. It is the outgrowth of years spent in the 
service of God, and in close communion with him. 
" Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, saith 
the Lord of hosts." 

Cloverdale, Va. 

The organization of the new Board is: S. G. Nickey, 
Haxtum, Colo., President; L. L. Meek, Octavia, Nebr., 
Treasurer: Edgar Rothrock, Carlisle, Nebr.. Sec. 

The Board met at the home of the Secretary, Jan: 1. 
All were present. Three sessions, of three hour*; each, 
were necessary to finish the work which received con- 

Within the past year pastors have been secured for 
Edison and Arcadia. Eld. J. J. Ernst located at Arcadia 
last spring. Recently the church called two young men 
to the ministry. Bro. H. D. Michael located at Juniata 
and is working Juniata and Edison as joint fields. The 
work at both places shows a splendid growth. The work 
at Omaha, where Eld. M. R. Weaver and wife have la- 
bored so untiringly for seven years, continues to make a 
substantial growlh. They now have a membership of 
about one hundred, and are comfortably boused in the 
new church and parsonage, on the corner of Twenty-sixth 
and Miami Streets. The Highline church, near Moorc- 
ficld, Nebr., has been without a pastor for nearly a year. 
An effort is being made to place a pastor in charge, this 
spring, with some promise of success. Eld. J. E. Younn, 
of Beatrice, will assist the members in a revival meeting 
in February. 

We are glad to announce that Eld. Virgil C. Finncll 
is to locate at Enders, Nebr., the latter part of February. 
He is to serve the District as Sunday-school Secretary 
and Missionary Educational Secretary, and the Pioneer 
church as pastor. He will be assisted in the local work 
by Eld. D. G. Wine. Bro. Finnell is well fitted for the 
work he is undertaking, having served in City, County and 
State Sunday-school Work for a number of years. The 
location at Enders is one of great strategic importance to 
our work in the State, as at that place there is a large 
field open to the Brethren. We appeal to all the members 
in the District to labor faithfully, and to pray earnestly 
that the grave problems, confronting us, may be solved 
to the glory of God, and that our congregations may be 
multiplied in number and size. 

The next regular meeting of the Hoard will be held 
early in July. Any one having anything to present, will 
please see to it that it is in the hands of the Secretary by 
June 30. Edgar Rothrock, Secretary. 

Carlisle, Nebr,, Jan. 19. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


Real " Preparedness." 

Whether the theory of preparedness for the main- 
tenance of peace holds good or not in the political 
world. I know from experience that in the spiritual 
world " lo lie forewarned is to he forearmed," and 
that the gateways that lead thereto should he well 
fortified against the enemy of the soul. 

The munitions and armament arc ample to defend 
her rights and privileges, if we will hut make use of 
Hum as sel forth in Holy Writ. 

\i the gateway of " Self -exaltation" is stationed 
the gun " Poor in Spirit," which insures the safely of 
the Kingdom, as far as that goes. 

At the gate of " Mirthfulness" is planted the mor- 
tar of " Mourning for Sin," which insures comfort 
within, and puts the army of " Light mind edness" 
and "Indifference" to flight. 

At the gateway of "Arrogance " is mounted the 
artillery of ""Meekness," which is sure to repulse the 
army of "Haughtiness." 

Her navy is superior to any ; her harbors can not 
be blockaded. Supplies arc coming in constantly to fill 
the hungry with " The Bread of Righteousness." 

At the gateway of " Vengeance " the armies of "Re- 
taliation" are defeated by the infantry of "Mercy," 
which is continually reinforced. At the gateway of 
" Impurity " the brigades of " FUthiness of Flesh and 
Spirit " are put to rout by the Catling guns of "Pure 
in Heart." 

At the gateway of "Strife," the army of "Peace- 
makers" causes the hostile volunteers to retreat in 

The border of "Persecutions" is well defended by 
a " Joyful Host," and all is happiness within. Surely, 
nothing will disturb her peace and prosperity! " Fear 
not. little flock; it is your Father's good pleasure to 
give you the kingdom." " Christ in you the hope of 

1250 Fast Third Street, Long Beach, Cat. 

Empowerment for Service. 


The secret is in the greatest promise that Jesus ever 
made. " Ye shall receive power after the Holy Spirit 
has come upon you." No auto runs uphill without 
power. A few years ago a brother met me at the depot 
with an auto, to take me to the church where I was 
to begin a series of meetings. Within about a mile 
of the church, bis auto refused to go up the hill. He 
had no gasoline to make power. 

We are in a world filled with enmity, a world where 
temptation and opposition are insistent. Ill-will, 
grudge, spite, and a host of evil spirits are reaching 
for our victor's crown. To win out and get our crown 
of victor}', we must have power that emanates from 

What we know of our friends, we know largely 
through the physical medium; we hear their voices, 
we see their faces, we feel their touch. Thus we learn 
to know our friends through the physical and material. 
Cut there is an acquaintance which is deeper and 
greater. It is a spiritual contact. Jesus had been 
with his disciples for at least three and one-half years, 
but with all the physical contact, they did not know 
him. a- they did after Pentecost. It was a great thing 
to have a local Christ in physical form ; it is a great 
thing to have his exact Words on record, but as it was 
greater to have the Universal, Omnipresent Christ, so 
it is likewise greater to feel the real spirit of his Word, 
and to know that your life is heating true to the pulse 
of God. This is power. 

664 Forty-fourth Street, Brooklyn, AT. Y. 


But so far I have seen nothing that meets the Lord's 
way. Turn to Deut. 5: 29 and find this, "O that 
there were such an heart in them, that they would 
fear me, and keep all my commandments always, that 
it might be well with them, and with their children for- 
ever ! " Psa. 81 : 13, " Oh that my people had heark- 
ened unto me, and Israel had walked in my ways! 
I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned 
my hand against their adversaries." Tsa. 48: 18, "O 
that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! 
then had thy peace been as a river, and thy righteous- 
ness as the waves of the sea." 

As I read these Bible truths about preparedness 
that has God's approval, and then look at the trend 
of public opinion at the present time, I see a differ- 
ence. If God's way is right, then the other is wrong. 
If the people of the United States wish to have God's 
protection, then they should take his Word as their 
guide. Then our peace will be as a river and our 
righteousness as the waves of the sea. This is the 
only way of preparedness that has the Lord's promise 
of protection. 

I pray that the servants of the public, at Wash- 
ington, D. C, will take God's way and not the adver- 
sary's. Then they will have an answer to their 
prayers. Brethren, let us pray the Lord to open their 
eyes like he did those of Elisha's servant, that they 
may see their real Protector. 
Roanoke, La. 

My Giving. 

The Scripture Plan Is the Christian's Way. 

Why Give?— Not because I must, but because I 

love (2 Cor. 9: 7). I have freely received (Matt. 

10: 8). It is more blessed than to receive (Acts 20: 

35). I would not be empty handed (Deut. 16: 16). 

1 would not reject the counsel of God against myself 
(Luke 7: 30). I would be rich and not poor (Prov. 
10: 24, 25). I want to reap (2 Cor. 9: 6). " I must 
meet my obligations to the church if I would have 
the church meet its obligations to the world." 

Hoiv Give? — Liberally, bountifully (Prov. 11: 25; 

2 Cor. 9: 6). Freely and cheerfully (Matt. 10- 8- 
2 Cor. 9: 7). 

What Give?— According to ability (Deut. 16: 17; 
1 Cor. 16: 2). God asked of Israel a tenth of all 
(Mai. 3: 10; Matt. 23: 23). Isaac's promise of a 
lithe preceded the law (Gen. 28: 20-22). 

When Give?— On Sunday (1 Cor. 16: 2). Every 
day (Isa. 32: 20). 

Who Is to Give?— Every one of vou (1 Cor. 16: 

Let Each One of Us Often Ask: 

If every member of my church were just like me?" 

" What kind of a church would my church he 

Meycrsdale, Pa. 


It seems that at this time the subject of prepared- 
iCBB is foremost in the minds of the general public, 

Why John Was Called the Beloved. 


I wonder if a mother, now and then, does not ap- 
pear a little partial at times, especially when she is 
fortunate enough to have a " li'ttle John " in her home. 
How natural it is to put your arms around little John, 
when he comes in his loving manner, throwing him- 
self into your arms! 

Little John must have his chair against mother's 
chair while she reads the morning lesson from the 
Bible, and when the members of the family kneel to 
pray, little John pushes up against mother. If she 
fails to put her arm around him, he pushes up a little 
closer. His very actions say, " Mother, put your arm 
around me while you pray." How can she help it? 
It isn't because she does not love the other children. 
but because little John throws himself into her arms. 

While an eye-witness to this scene, we were made 
to wonder if this isn't the reason John was called 
the beloved disciple. How thankful we should be 
that Jesus will throw his strong arm about us, and 
call us " beloved," if we will only draw close enough 
lo him and allow him to lavish his love upon us. 

Scottville, Mich. 

Petitioning Congress. 


The members at Fruitland, Idaho, are circulating 
a petition systematically, against the present pre- 
paredness question that is occupying the time of Con- 
gress, and the members here thought that it might be 
a good plan to suggest this method to the membership 
at large, so we submit the following for the Messen- 

To the Hon. , memher of Congress, Washington, D. C: 

We, the Christian people, and good citizens of Idaho, 
believing that the so-called preparedness efforts, put forth 
in Congress at the present time, are entirely uncalled for. 
;tnil believing that the principles are wrong, be it resolved 
that we, the undersigned, do earnestly pray and request 
that you use your influence against such measures, and 
also against the question of military training of the boys 
of our schools.— Grant Fisher, C. H. Sargent, Committee 
on Resolution. 

The members are circulating this petition by mak- 
ing a thorough house-to-house < 
Fruitland, Idaho. 

Men can not learn what they are not prepared for; 
to force the teaching avails nothing. 


Lesson for February 6, 1916. 

Subject— The 'Boldness of Peter and John.— Acts 4- 1- 

Golden Text.— Watch ye, stand last in the faith, quit 
you like men, be strong.— 1 Cor. 16: 13. 

Time.— Not long after Pentecost in the summer of A. 
D. 30. The same afternoon as the last lesson, and the 
following morning. 


Self-Control (Temperance Lesson). 

2 Peter 5: 8. 
For Sunday Evening, February 6, 1916. 

1. Need of Self-control. 

2. How Get Rid of Evil— (1) United effort. (2) Educate 
the people. (3) Personal example. 

3. How to Control My— (1) Thoughts. (2) Heart. (3) 
Appetite. (4) Tongue. (5) Hands. (6) Influence. 

4. Oration.—" The Guidance of Jesus." 

Note.— Let each Christian Worker find Bible references. 


The Fruitage of Faith. 

James 2: 17; Study Heb. 11: 32-40. 
For Week Beginning February 6, 1916. 

1. Faith Must Be Translated into Deeds.— The highest 
happiness comes not by what we hear, or see, or feel,— it 
comes by what we actually DO. What shall it profit a 
man though he hear great and uplifting anthems, though 
he read great books, and though he have his soul stirred 
by the appeal of some prophet of the living God, unless, 
as a result of it all, he goes out and DOES SOME- 
THING? If we hear, feel and see, happy are we if we also 
do, and only then (Matt. 6: 1-4; Rom. 2: 13; I Cor. 3: 6-9; 
Philpp. 2: 13; James 1: 22-27; Rev. 22: 14). 

2. How Faith Is Perfected by Works,— While it is true 
that works alone, — works without faith and love,— arc in- 
sufficient for salvation, it is equally clear that we can not 
be saved without works. A living faith will speedily 
evidence itself in DEEDS. A Christian life so devoid of 
gratitude as not to be marked* by loving service for the 
Lord, is fatally defective. Although we may enter the 
portals of the church by a simple faith in the atoning 
blood of Christ, we certainly must show the genuineness 
of that, faith, as we continue in the Christian life, by do- 
ing good as we have opportunity. Our desire to flee the 
wrath to come, if it be genuine and really fixed in the soul, 
will be shown by its fruits. We are saved by grace, 
through faith, according to our works (Matt. 10: 42; 25- 
34-40; John 3: 21; 2 Cor. 9: 8; Col. 3: 12-17; Heb. 10: 24). 

3. Abounding in Faithfulness.— There is a pressing need, 
in almost every Christian life, of larger activity, more 
strenuous service, a closer filling out of the days with 
GOOD DEEDS. Can God be with us on any other basis? 
"God hath ordained," says the apostle, "that we should 
walk in good works," that we are to be " fruitful in every 
good work," " rich in good works," " zealous of good 
works," "filled with the fruits of righteousness" (Matt. 
18: 5; 19: 16-21; John IS: 8; Eph. 2: 10; Thilpp. 1: 11; 
Col. 1: 10; James 3: 13, 17, 18). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


Finest of All. 

God made the streams that gurgle down the purple m 

He made the gorgeous coloring with which the sur 

He made the hills and covered tliem with glory; an 

The sparkle on the dew-drop and the shifting shine 

Then, seeing that he needed but a crown for all en 

He made a little woman with a baby in her anus. 

He made the arching rainbow that is hurled acros; 

He made the blessed flowers that nod and smile, a 

go by; 
He made the gems of beauty that abound with qui 

But sweetest of them all, he made the lovclight ii 

That bends above a baby, warding off all earth's alart 

God bless the little woman with a baby in her an 

—Strickland W. Gillil 

Appearance and Reality. 

It is said, " Wherever there is smoke, there is fire." 
It may be truthfully said, " Where we see the appear- 
ance of evil there is a reality back of it. The only 
safe way to avoid the appearance of evil is to avoid 
the reality. " Out of the heart are the issues of life." 
Paul told the Thessalonians to abstain from all ap- 
pearance of evil. The whole life is to work for Christ 
every day, and not merely in ecstatic experience on 
special occasions. 

If we give the Spirit full control of our life, God 
will fill it every day with heavenly fruitage. The 
whole being will be warmed by the fire of the Spirit, 
and the life will be kept free from the reality of sin; 
consequently there will be no appearance of evil. 
Keep your heart open to God every day ! 

Ashland, Ohio. 


fifty-one meetings, with an average attendant 
We quilted fourteen quilts; we made and so 

we made and sold thirty sun-l.onnets; we all 


of vegetables sent to the Chicago Mission, $30; also a grain 
sack of dried apples. We paid for the support of an India 
orphan. ? 2 r> : paid dona 1 1 oh for parsonage. *2f.; gave JS to 
a sick brother In Missouri; gave |R to the Old Folks' Home in 
i of Chrlstm 

: beginning of the year, (27.54; balance on hand. 

needy ones In Gerro Gordo. Total offerings i 
for material ami other supplies, (If.. IS; am 

(irons' and sun-ho,,,,', is July 1 .' nnr.. w,- had S6.B0 In the 
■easury. We sold articles to the amount of $17.50; donated 
vo comforters to a poor family; gave SS toward painting our 

its were chosen for six months Sister \ppie Maglll. Prcs- 

In our society. 

In treasury, ending 

The Disciple's Relation to the World. 

The prayer discourse of Jesus in John seventeen is 
not a collection of disjointed petitions, but a model 
that is complete, comprehensive and consecutive. No 
bony skeleton of structure intrudes. In this prayer 
we have seven expressions which completely describe 
the relation of the disciple to the world: 

1. He is given to Christ out of the world. 

2. He is sent back by Christ into the world. 

3. He is in the world, but 

4. He is not of the world. 

5. He is hated by the world. 

6. He is kept from the evil which is in the world. 

7. He is to live so that the world may know and 


343 S. Trumbull Av 

, Chicago. 


onated was (1! 

ittendanee of twenty-i 

■ pillow-rases to the 

I for (3.2 ..I H vi ived, SSI. We paid c 

lleetlons ' 

' O.UJ1I 111 .' 

Panny Gingri 
death has eal 

: quilted thirteen quilts, 

Api il mid M.-.V. :■■'. fo llospli il. 
ter, *1; coal to a sister, Il'.r.fl; 
•e feast, (1.2C 
funeral, II. St 
: Twenty-live 

s-plii aprons, eight 
lutited five quilts fi 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Offlolftl Orgivn of tha Chnrcb of tbo Brothr«n. 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
3nt general mission boa 

Corresponding ] 

ntlngdon, Pa. 

Itner, S. N, McCann, 

Five recent accessions arc reported from the Ger- 
mantown church, Pa. 

At tlic close of last week, twelve had accepted 
ChrisI at the inspiring revival in progress at Hunting- 
don, Pa. 

BRO. J. H. Beer, of Denton, Md„ is to commence a 
scries of meetings in the Montgomery church, Pa., 
May 20. 

The District Meeting of Western Pennsylvania will 
be held at the Berkey house, Shade Creek congrega- 
tion, April 26. 

Bro. C. Walter Warstler, of Warsaw, Ind., is to 
begin a revival in the Four Mile church, same State, 
about May 16. 

The church at York, Pa., is in the midst of a very 
interesting series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. 
Kurtz Miller, of Brooklyn, N. Y. 

We have the sad intelligence of the death of Sister 
Wise, wife of Eld. D. W. Wise, of Grand Junction, 
Iowa, Jan. 21, after an illness of but a few days. 

Bro. J. K. Shivelv should now be addressed at 
919 Temple Avenue, Long Beach, Cal., having moved 
from S4S St. Louis Avenue, his former address. 

Nine were buried with Christ in baptism during the 
meetings, held by Bro. David Hollinger, of Green- 
ville, Ohio, for the members of the Eversole church, 
same State. 

The members of the Highline church, Nebr., are 
looking forward to a series of meetings in February. 
Bro. J. E. Young is to unfold to them the treasures 
of everlasting truth. 

Brethren A. M. Laughrun and J. B. Hilbert are 
now in the midst of a most interesting revival effort 
in the New Hope church, Tenn. So far twenty- 
eighl have arcepted Christ. 

The Office Editor regrets that he happened to be 
absent from the office, last Monday, when Bro. H. P. 
Garner, who is under appointment r~ " 
India, called to extend Ins greetings. 

The Messenger office was favored last week with 
a much appreciated call by Bro. M. M. Sherrick, of 
Mt. Morris College. He reports a very encouraging 
outlook for the future of the institution. 

Among the Ohio notes will be found 
ment by P.m. D. G. Berkebile. District Secretary of 
Northwestern Ohio, to which the attention of the 
members in that District is especially directed. 

Bro. R. D. Murphy, Field Secretary of the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, is at present engaged in the ca- 
pacity of pastor at Shippensburg. Pa., under the- au- 
spices of the Church of the Brethren at that place. 

The Aylsworth church, Okla.. is looking forward 
lo a revival, to he held in February, conducted by Bro. 
J. .In, R. Pit/cr. of Cordell, same State. 

Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, is to be with the 
members of the Strait Creek church, same State, in 
a series of meetings, to be held during the month of 

Bro. W. K. Conner, of Harrisonburg. Va., has 
been secured by the Harrishurg church, Pa., for their 
proposed series of meetings, the early part of Feb- 

A recent obituary notice speaks of a " mother in 
Israel " who during her life looked after thirteen or- 
phan children. They still bless her memory, we are 
told. Of such a sister we may well say that she was 
" rich in good works." 

The Grand Valley church, Colo., would be pleased 
to secure the services of some evangelist who may be 
passing that way, in the near future. Correspondence 
should be addressed to Bro. J. D. Coffman, R. D. 2, 
Grand Junction, Colo. 

The West Wichita church, Kans., is looking for- 
ward with bright anticipations to their series of meet- 
ings, to commence the latter part of March, with Bro. 
M. S. Frantz, of the Salem church, same State, in 
charge of the services. 

i to locate at Endcrs, 

Bro. Virgil C. Finnel 
Nebr.. the latter part of February. H 
the District as Sunday-school Secretary 
ary Educational Secretary, and, in addit 
pastoral charge of the Pioneer church. 

Clerks of District Meetings who have not, as yet, 
sent us announcements of District Conferences, to he 
held this spring, will please send us notices of the 
same without delay. These meetings should be an- 
nounced at the earliest possible opportunity* 

" A constant revival," is the fixed determination 
of a wide-awake congregation in the Middle West, 
which aims to make every service an invitation to a 
higher and better life. And why not? Is not a 
steady growth better than a spasmodic effort? 

Sister Maggie Molsbee, Nocona, Tex., wishes us 
to correct an error she inadvertently made in her re- 
cent report in the Messenger. The next District 
Meeting will be held at Manvel, Tex., instead of 
Bethel, as stated in her former communication. 


equested to direct speciaL attention to the 
of Bro. H. S. Replogle, District Clerk 
of Western Pennsylvania, as four.d among the notes. 
All committees, elders, clerks and churches are asked 
to take special notice, and govern themselves accord- 

The mission school of the York church, Pa., has 
grown so rapidly that larger quarters are absolutely 
necessary. A large lot, adjoining the present location, 
has been secured, with a view of adding to the present 
facilities, whenever arrangements to that end can be 

Sister Lydia Dell, of Beatrice, Nebr., who keeps 
a record of the ages of persons whose obituaries are 
published in the Messenger writes us that in 1915 
there were twenty-one who reached the age of ninety 
years and upward, 136 ranging from eightv to ninety, 
and 166 between seventy and eighty. 

We have a call for a. copy of the " Brethren En- 
cyclopedia," published some years ago by Bro. Henry 
Kurtz. Those who may have a copy of the work, 
that they are willing to dispose of, will please address 
C. R. Cover, R. F. D.. R. B.. Box 212, Modesto, Cal., 
quoting the price at which they will deliver the book 

Sister Nora Bollinger, of Shipshcwana. Ind., de- 

that any of our members, who 
may wish to locate in a congregation where they can 
be of special service to the Ma'ster, can find good 
openings in that vicinity. Several good farms, with- 
in easy access of church and town, may be secured on 
favorable terms. 

Bro. H. J. Woodie, of Winston t Salcm, N. C, has 
been doing some preaching for the members at Shel- 
tontown, same State, at stated times. This is a mis- 
sion point of, the St. Paul church, and Bro. Woodie's 
efforts are greatly appreciated. Recently five were 
added to their number, and the outlook for the fu- 
ture is promising. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife expect to leave Cuba 
next Monday, Jan. 31, for Arcadia, Florida, at which 
place they may be addressed until Feb. 7. Later they 
will visit Bro. J. H. Moore and wife at Eustis, same 
State, and then go to Oneonta, Alabama, for a week's 
meetings. They plan to reach their home at Mt. Mor- 
ris early in March. 

On account of the condition of the health of his 
wife and daughter, Bro. J. U. G. Stiverson, pastor of 
the church at Sterling, 111., finds it necessary to seek 
a different climate. About the middle of June they 
expect to go to Loomis, Wash., temporarily. They 
have not determined on a permanent location, but 
desire to go where they may be of sen-ice to the 

What Sister Clara Woods, of Spencer, Ohio, in 
another column states so clearly, regarding the elimi- 
nation of the names of minor church, Sunday-school 
and Christian Worker officers from the church re- 
ports, has been under consideration of the editorial 
departrhent for some time. As will be noted, we have 
begun, in this week's issue, to publish the names of 
only the following officials : Elder and clerk of church ; 
superintendent of Sunday-school, president of Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting. Local Temperance Commit- 
tee, Local Missionary Committee. This will greatly 
relieve the crowded condition of our columns, and 
will, we are sure, meet with the general approval of 
our readers. 

Under date of Jan. 17 Bro. J. H. Moore, Eustis, 
Fla., writes us as follows: "Sunday was an ideal 
day with us. I preached at Seneca, and had the very 
best of interest. We had no fire, and the door and 
windows were wide open during the services. We ■ 
had with us Bro. Andrew Spanogle. of Lewistown, 
Pa. Accompanied by his two daughters, he is here 
for the winter, this being his seventh winter in the 
•State. Though in his ninety-fourth vear, he may be 
seen on the streets of Eustis every day. He thinks 
this climate just the place for old people. At our 
services, yesterday, we had him lead in the opening 
prayer. Bro. John Stump, of Miami, Texas, recently 
spent a week in this vicinity, and, while here, preached 
at Seneca." 

From Brother and Sister Adam K. Ebey, of India, 
we have just received sad tidings. Dec. 10 their 
little daughter, Adah Elnora Ebey, died at St. 
George's Hospital, Bombay, of diphtheria, after three 
weeks' illness. Leah, a younger child, had also been 
at the hospital, suffering from the same disease, but 
at latest reports (Dec. 18) was declared to be out 
of danger. Lloyd Emmert, son of Brother and Sister 
Jesse B. Emmert, was confined to the same ward of 
the hospital, with the same disease, but when last 
heard from was rapidly recovering. We are sure that 
the stricken family has the heartfelt svmpathy of the 
entire Messenger family in their great bereavement. 
Only the consolation of the Loving Father can soothe 
the anguish of the riven hearts. 

The Problem of Readjustment. 

Among the subjects to receive attention at the Con- 
ference of 1916 is the problem of readjusting or sim- 
plifying the management of our leading church activi- 
ties, now entrusted to various boards and committees. 
It has been felt by many that some way of reducing 
the number of these committees should be found, or, 
at least, of preventing their further multiplication, 
lest the efficiency of the work be hindered by oo 
much machinery. Others would" not reduce the num- 
ber of church boards, but would make some readjust- 
ments, which they believe would relieve the situation 
and promote efficiency. A committee was appointed 
by the Hershcy Conference to study the problem and 
make such recommendations as would seem good. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


The committee will doubtless report a plan, embody- 
ing the result of their investigations, but this does not 
entirely relieve the rest of us of responsibility in the 
matter. We should at least study the subject suf- 
ficiently to enable us to consider intelligently the re- 
port which may be submitted by the committee. 

With this in view, we present to our readers, this 
week, an article on the subject by Bro. C. C. Johnson. 
If this article does not tend to stimulate our interest 
and help us to do some thinking for ourselves, it is 
hard to imagine what would do so. It is for this 
reason that we are glad to commend it to the careful 
consideration of the reader, and not because we agree 
with all of its propositions. 

We hope Bro. Johnson will pardon us for saying 
that we think he has an excessive fondness for the 
word " abolish." Cutting a knot is quicker and easier 
than untying it, and is all right when you are sure 
you have no further use for the pieces. We can not 
help wondering, too, whether our brother, in his ef- 
fort to " see the problem whole," has not seen some 
things not in the problem. But his contribution is a 
comprehensive treatment of this most important sub- 
ject, contains many excellent suggestions, and will 
surely stir up our minds to* some vigorous thinking 
between now and the meeting at Winona Lake. 

The Cuba of Today. 

The Religious Condition of the Island. 
Since in Cuba we have'been told that ninety-nine 
per cent of the population belong to the Roman 
Catholic Church. It seemed incredible, and the state- 
ment was submitted to Dr. J. Milton Greene, of Ha- 
vana, who has had charge of the Presbyterian Mission 
on the Island for many years. He said that about 
ninety per cent might be classed in this way. It is 
a very difficult matter to secure a correct census, as 
to the religious belief of the Cubans. I have asked 
some whether they belong to the Roman church, and 
they have answered, " We do not know." A woman 
replied, " I think we belong," but her son said, " No, 
we do not know." 

One of the authorities consulted says that the 
Cuban women have a monopoly of religion and that 
the men of the same class are almost universally ir- 
religious. During the revolutionary period, when 
free-thought doctrines were rife in Europe and Amer- 
ica, the Cubans of the cities became addicted to read- 
ing the works of Voltaire, Rousseau, and their Italian 
disciples. The result was a deterioration of religious 
belief, from which- the Cubans have never recovered. 
Although they are sometimes apparently zealous in 
the rites and ceremonies of the Catholic Church, it is 
more probably from a love of music and of pageantry 
than from devotional motives. The most regular at- 
tendant of mass is apt to speak lightly of his faith and 
its representatives, and to laugh at scurrilous car- 
toons, which, caricaturing the church and its min- 
isters, frequently appear in the newspapers and the 
shop-windows. ( No doubt the conduct of some of the 
priests in Cuba has done much toward destroying 
respect for them, and devotion to the faith. Then, 
again, the fact that the Catholic Church was allied 
with the Spanish oppression, although many priests 
sympathized with the natives, had its effect in bring- 
ing about this alienation. Were it not for the female 
adherents, the church in Cuba would cease to be a 
national institution tomorrow. The Cuban women are 
fervent devotees, and are constant in their attendance 
at mass and confession. The men are counted, but 
not to be counted upon, by the church. 

As already intimated, the cupidity of the priests, as 
shown in their exorbitant marriage fees, kept many of 
the Cubans from getting married at all. Dr. Greene 
says: "At the close of the war we found 168,000 
persons living in unlawful cohabitation. One of our- 
ministers has, in thirteen years, married 3,200 couples, 
in no case exacting a fee and in many instances him- 
self paying the one dollar registry fee." He also re- 
fers to the fact that in all Roman Catholic countries 
a large place must be assigned to preparatory work 
done in creating an atmosphere, in dissipating preju- 
dice, in undeceiving many honest but misdirected 

souls, and establishing a prestige for the Reformed 
faith. Christ himself was not more hated by the 
Sanhedrin, nor were his teachings more opposed than 
are evangelical teachers and truths in Cuba by the 
Roman Catholics. It will take time to remove the 
debris and clear the ground for the true religion of 
Jesus Christ. 

A number of the Protestant churches of America 
have established missions on the Island since the close 
of the American-Spanish war. The Baptists, North 
and South, the Episcopal, the Methodists, South, the 
Presbyterians, North and South, and the Quakers or 
Friends have been actively engaged in mission work 
here, and all have met with some degree of success. 
Our church has not engaged in this important work in 
this fruitful field. Some of our members came here 
and organized the Omaja church and did well for a 

The following are the official statements as to what 
the various missions have accomplished. In giving 
them, the Baptists and Presbyterians, North and 
South, are united. 

The missions of the Baptist churches were founded 
in 1899, immediately after the dose of the war. They 
now have 64 organized churches, 127 missions, 64 
preachers, 3,437 members, 91 Sunday-schools and 
seven day-schools. They expend annually, on their 
work in Cuba, including the cost of buildings, schools, 
etc., about $80,000. They have a college at El Cristo in 
this .Province. Prof. Watson writes: " Nearly all the 
churches have Sunday-schools and are contributing 
increasing amounts each year to the support of the 
missions here in Cuba, and the aim is to make it self- 
supporting. We have also a college, or high school, 
with a Normal Course for training teachers, and a 
Theological Course for training native pastors. Last 
year we had a total enrollment in the college of 166. 
This year the number is very much larger and will 
probably prove the largest in the history of the col- 

The Presbyterians began their mission work here 
in 1901. They have pushed it forward with com- 
mendable zeal, earnestness and a good deal of suc- 
cess. They now have 29 organized churches, 46 mis- 
sions, 27 preachers, and 1,708 members, and Sunday- 
schools with 2,538 pupils. They also support sixteen 
day-schools, and expend annually, in their mission 
work on the island. $46,000. 

The Methodists, South, have held their sixteenth 
Annual Conference in Cuba and the report shows that 
they have 30 organized churches, 39 ministers, 49 mis- 
sions, 3,686 members, 51 Sabbath-schools with 2,597 
pupils and 6 day-schools. Their annual expenditure 
amounts to the sum of $54,715. 

The Episcopalians commenced work here in 1904. 
They have 19 organized churches, 19 ministers. 32 
missions, 1,677 members, 19 Sunday-schools, 1,237 
pupils and five day-schools, and expend $35,000, an- 
nually, on their mission work in Cuba. 

The Quakers have been here since 1900 and are 
actively engaged in mission work. Here they do not 
observe their simplicity in dress. Sylvester Jones. 
Field Secretary, of Gibara, Cuba, writes me as fol- 

My'Dear Brother Miller: 

Your letter was referred to me for reply. I am very 
triad to give you the information which you desire. In 
this province we have eight congregations. There arc 
six church buildings and at one other place a small house 
is owned. Tn this province there are 223 members and 
258 applicants not yet received. In Havana Province we 
have two conereffations, with a building at each place and 
a membership of 66, and 55 applicants not yet received 

They have 36 Sunday-schools, with 621 pupils. 
Their annual expenditure for mission work is $5,714. 

There are missions of the Disciples, Pentecostal 
societies and Seventh Day Adventists, whose statis- 
tics I did not succeed in getting. I am told that they 
would add about four hundred to the Protestant 
membership of the Island. In round numbers this 
may be placed at a little over eleven thousand. Ap- 
proximately $225,000 is the annual cost of the various 
missions. " The same method is not used by all the 
churches in reporting statistics. In the budget of 
some is included, not only money appropriated by 
their Boards for maintenance, but also that given for 

buildings, and the amount raised for all purposes on 
the field. Others give only the average amount appro- 
priated by the Board." 

Our General Mission Board made a strong effort 
to get missionaries to come to Cuba, but did not suc- 
ceed in securing them. If several strong missionaries 
had been secured and located here, successful work 
would have been accomplished. Reports of what oth- 
ers have done are given to show that we also might 
have succeeded, if efforts had been made. It is but 
little more expensive to live here than in other fields ; 
it is nearer home, and larger sums could be saved in 
traveling expenses. A first-class round trip ticket 
from Chicago to Havana costs about $87. Cuba 
ranks next to the healthiest country in the world, as 
the following brief mortality table shows, giving the 
death rate per thousand in the countries named. 

. .. 20,70 England, 

ftaly 20.20 United Stales, 

France 20.SO Tuba 12 60 

Germany 17.80 Australia, .• 12.60 

ft is authoritatively stated that there has not been a 
case of yellow fever in Havana for a dozen years 
and the death rate in that capital is lower than that 
of either New York. Washington, Baltimore. Philadel 
phia. San Francisco or Boston. This is a fine show- 
ing, so far as health conditions arc concerned, in the 
beautiful island of Cuba. There would be no grcal 
necessity for missionaries to leave the country on ac- 
count of their health. If vacations were needed, the 
traveling expenses home would he light, and the op- 
portunities for work arc good. 

We have applicants for mission work in India and 
( lima, and just now a strong pressure is made to open 
another mission in China. If the Board had means, 
this would be well, if the field were properly selected. 
But would it not he well to start a mission in Cuba? 
We have one church and one Sunday-school here 
now. We have a good house of worship. The breth- 
ren here have done well. Bro. Eby labored faith- 
fully for some years, and Bro. Mahan has been per- 
sistent in his efforts to have a missionary located 
here. If we had succeeded in starting this work ten 
years ago, we would have a good, strong showing here 
today. There is not an intimation of censure on 
the General Mission Board. The writer knows the 
strong effort that was made to secure suitable mis 
sionaries for Cuba. The Board did its best, hut did 
not succeed. There ought to be an awakening along 
this line of work. It will take harder work now tn 
establish churches than it would have done ten years 
ago. But the door is open, the unsaved are here and 
if we do our part, the Lord will bless and prosper our, 
honest, conscientious efforts to establish the truth on 
this island of the sea. 

It will take strong, well-prepared missionaries to 
work in this field and carry their effort to a successful 
issue. Good preachers, clear, logical thinkers, tactful, 
earnest, zealous, faithful men are needed. Those who 
find it easy to study and get hold of languages, will 
find it helpful. A knowledge of the Spanish must 
be attained, and sermons preached in this tongue will 
find interested hearers. While Bro. Walter Mahan 
was at home here, he preached in Spanish, and the 
natives came to hear him and were interested. Mav Ihc 
Lord raise up several good men and women for Ibis 
open field! . . n. L. M. 



My previous article on " Peace," under the Teach- 
ings of the Herald of Peace, discussed brotherhood 
and love, briefly, as forbidding war. I wish to con- 
tinue the discussion of such teachings of Jesus as, 
when obeyed, make war impossible, and which all war 
violates, but can not cover the field exhaustively. In 
fact, it may be said that all the teachings of Testis 
end in peace. 

Teachings of the Herald of Peece. 

,?. The Golden Rule.—" And as ye would that men 
should do to you. do yc also tn them likewise." What 
we wish, at the hands of others for ourselves, in sober 
judgment, we owe others. We are to determine our 
duty to others by considering others as ourselves. We 
are to put ourselves in the place of others, .with their 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

conditions, and then ask, What would we have? Then 
we should give what we would have others give us. 
This is the rule in practice. It is an unerring rule, 
and covers all relative duty. It is an incomparable 
summary of what one owes another. It is the Gospel 
in a nutshell, — the substance of the whole on the 
relation of man to man. 

"Thou shall love thy neighbor as thyself," James 
calls the " royal law." The Golden Rule is made 
practicable by the " royal law." It is natural and easy 
to love those thai love us. and hate those that hate 
us. To do to others, without regard to their loving 
or hating us, as we would have them do to us, is to 
hive others as ourselves, wilhout regard to their lov- 
ing or lialing us. And while this ride applies to in- 
dividuals, i! applies equally to communities and im- 
possible. It is an unfailing peace rule. 

4. " Look Not Every Man on His Own Things." — 
Selfishness is the taproot of human nature. There is 
hardly any evil that selfishness will not bring forth. 
It inflames passion. It fosters lust. It shames chas- 
tity. It sacrifices honor. It is without pity. It refuses 
to give. It gets all it can. It keeps all it gets. It 
destroys reputation. It feeds jealousy. It inspires 
hate. It incites quarrels. It instigates riots. It sets 
labor against capital, and capital against labor. It 
causes war and rumors of war. There never was a 
war without it. It destroys life and property. It goes to 
the ends of the earth for its own gratification. It de- 
lights its eyes in looking on its own things, planning 
how to multiply them. It builds its fortunes on oth- 
ers' misfortunes. It has no scruples. It has no re- 
morse. It has no soul. This is selfishness. It is a 
monster of such hideous mien that it needs only to be 
seen, to be hated. 

The remedy for this awful evil is given thus: 
" Look not every man on his own things, but every 
man also on the things of others." It is a certain 
remedy, — a death-blow to it. It lifts men out of the 
linleness of themselves and the blindness of self- 
interest into a heart big enough to have a sense of fel- 
low-interest. Look not on your own things, but on 
the things of others. Others first. This is certain 
destruction to selfishness, and when selfishness is put 
away, the chief factor of all- wars is gone. 

5. Giving More Than (he Enemy Demands.— The 
enraged man, smiting his offender on one cheek, or 
gaining his coat in a lawsuit, or compelling him to 
go a mile, feels avenged. He is satisfied. He de- 
manded these to restore his pride and goods. He 
has them. He has gained a victory which he will 
always remember, and which, he feels, his offender 
must not forget. Any crazy-mad man is satisfied, 

•when he beats one cheek of his offender, strips him 
at the law, orders him to go a mile. He has " done ' 
him up." and his silly pride is restored. 

But the offender, though he be entirely innocent, has 
not yet given enough. He shall yet turn the other 
cheek, give his cloak also, and go another mile. The 
real victory is yet to be gained, and the bruised, de- 
feated man is instructed to put himself in the way to 
it. Evil must be overcome by good. Evil must sur- 
render to good, and willingly confess that it is out- 
done. This is victory. Only this is conquest. It is 
victory at the will of the vanquished. Men may be 
overpowered, hut not conquered. They still have the 
will to resist. This is not victory, but it is the vic- 
tory of the sword. 

It i< most gratifying that President Wilson adopted 
this principle, to some extent, in his diplomatic re- 
lations with the nations abroad, at war. And as one 
of the most astute diplomats of the age, he has gained 
unprecedented victories in diplomacy, which, if 
nothing else in his administration, will hand his name 
down to succeeding generations, and will make it live 
for all time. 

Why can't the nations of the earth adopt the policy 
of goodness toward each other? Goodness, if need 
be, goes beyond the strict letter of justice for peace's 
sake. And this, even from an economic point of view, 
is infinitely more economic than settlement by arms, 
even to the victor. Victory of arms is always at 
suicidal cost. 

6. The Law of Service. — The heathen standard of 
greatness and rule is lordship and domination. Jesus 
set up the standard of service. "Whosoever will be 
chief among you, let him be your servant." Jesus 
became the servant of all. He came to minister to 
others, not to be ministered unto, and taught, " It is 
more blessed to give than to receive." " He gave 
gifts to men." 

He thrilled the multitudes. They wondered at his 
gracious words. He gave hearing to the deaf, speech 
to the dumb, sight to the blind, strength to the weak, 
health to the sick, life to the dead. He lifted up the 
fallen, comforted the sorrowing, healed the broken- 
hearted, gave hope to the despairing. He went about 
doing good. He served all. 

Put for his nature and mission, Jesus might have- 
made himself the autocrat of world finance, serving 
the nations, or, rather, having the nations serve him 
with large revenues. Or he might have established 
himself in the world's metropolis as a universal king, 
the nations laying their honors at his feet. Or he 
might have made himself a great general, greater than 
Alexander or Napoleon, at the head of a resistless, 
bloodthirsty army, conquering the nations, filling the 
world with his fame. But, no. He chose to do 
greater things. He made himself the servant of the 
weak and helpless, and he sets himself forth as an 
example to all. 

The world's greatest need is the lesson of service. 
As a means of promoting good and destroying evil, 
the strong must serve the weak. War teaches that 
the strong must destroy the weak. Let the world 
learn service, and let wars cease from the face of the 
earth. ^^r^r^^"^? H. c. E. 

How Not to Publish Church Directories. 

A brother informs us of a new addition to the long 
list of schemes which have been devised for fleecing 
the people. A smooth-tongued gentleman drops into 
a town containing a number of churches. He calls 
on the pastor of one of them, and explains his method 
of publishing church directories. If the pastor will 
furnish him with his photograph, a list of the member- 
ship of bis church, and such other matter as he would 
like to have go into the directory, the kind gentleman 
will see that the requisite number of copies is printed 
without any expense to the church. How can he 
afford it? Never mind, he has had experience in this 
line and will get his pay from the advertising, which 
is the one truthful statement in his story. 

The pastor has been wanting a new directory for 
some time and, after quieting his misgivings, accepts 
•the proposition. Of course, the executive committee 
will be glad to be relieved of all bother in connection 
with it, besides being highly pleased with this evidence 
of business acumen in their pastor. 

The next step of the "promoter" is to secure a 
generous amount of advertising for the new directory 
at good rates, to be paid for, of course, as soon as 
copies are-shown the advertisers. Arrangements are 
made for the printing at a local print shop, on terms 
requiring but a small payment until the money is col- 
lected from the advertisers. As soon as the directory 
is off the press, he goes with it to other churches, 
making like arrangements with as many of theni as 
possible. At the psychological moment, which js the 
moment immediately following the collection of the 
largest possible amount of advertising money, he leaves 
for parts unknown.' He is also careful to leave plenty 
of unpaid bills at the print shop, with a nice collection 
of " scraps " between the printer and the various 

The moral of this little narrative is. that home talent 
management of church business, as well as other kinds, 
is often more satisfactory than management by kind- 
hearted strangers. 

James has this thought in mind when he speaks of 
temptation as something to be endured. There are 
some temptations which you can avoid or thrust from 
you. There are others which you can not escape, but 
you can stand still under them, that is, if you have 
grace enough. When great dangers or difficulties sur- 
round you, and when the way is blocked, and it seems 
that you have surely come to the end of the road, be 
calm and trustful. Do not get scared or fuss and fret, 
Jusi wait a little; stand still and see the salvation of 
the Lord. 

But when the order comes to march, it is criminal 
to stand still longer. Sometimes we stand and cry' to 
God to show us the way. when the real trouble is we 
arc not willing to walk in the way he has shown us 
already. Did you ever know a boy to stand and tease 
bis mother, asking again whether he might do a certain 
thing, because he was not satisfied with the answer 
she had already given him? 

Yes, by all means, depend upon God for guidance 
always. Pray without ceasing, but you need not stop 
your work to do it. Expect no more light, as to your 
duty, until you have put behind you the tasks to which 
you have been assigned. Go- forward, and you will 
be surprised how matters will clear up. The obstacles 
to progress, you will find were not so near as you had 
thought, and will recede as you advance. It is God's 
plan to give his children the largest possible share 
in the achievement of his purposes for mankind. Is 
it really because there is no opening for you that you 
are idle? Could that professed ignorance of what to 
do be just plain laziness? Go forward! 

to hir 

Standing Still and Going' Forward. 

There are times when it is a duty to stand still, and 
when it is, it requires greater courage than to go on. 
It is easier for soldiers to make a charge in the Vefy 
teeth of the enemies' guns than it 19 to stand unmoved 
under their fire, when it is impossible to advance. 

Two Persons Who Always Know. 

Joseph's victory over the temptation which came 
the house of Potiphar has always been justly 
as a noble example of heroic virtue. The 
circumstances were such as to make the temptation of 
the most aggravating character. There was no watch- 
ful eye of loved ones to restrain; there were no high_ 
expectations of family or friends to satisfy or to 
disappoint. Alone and unknown in a foreign land, 
who would ever know or care? 

But there was something in Joseph which held him 
back, which made the thought impossible to entertain. 
It was his own high sense of what was honorable and 
right. In addition to the baseness of the act itself, 
he had too high an appreciation of the confidence his 
master had reposed in him to betray it in such fashion. 
Though his master might never know of it. this would 
not make the wrong less reprehensible. God would 
know it, and he himself would know it, and these were 
two persons he could not afford to offend. 

A man once said, in justification of his making a 
great sacrifice which no one had a. right to ask of him. 
"I did it because I should have to live with myself 
afterward, and I might not be pleasant company if 
that thing were left undone." Tt was a noble answer 
and contains a truth too much forgotten. You may 
hide yourself away, perhaps, from the censure of'your 
fellows, but your own self, approving or condemning, 
must be lived with. And there is no' one this side of 
heaven whose smile or frown can do so much to 
make or mar your happiness as yourself. 


"The Wonder Book," a most excellent repository of 
remarkable stories and curiosities from the animal world, 
has been received from the publishers,— the Messenger 
Publishing Co., Chicago. III. Price, $1.00. It may be 
ordered from the Brethren Publishing House. 

The book is replete with information from cover to 
cover. Perhaps you think there is little that you do not 
know about either the domestic or the wild animals. If 
so, this interesting volume of 329 pages will be an eye- 
opener to you. The tiniest insect as well as the great 
mammoth are included in the sketches. Tile book will 
prove intensely interesting to the juvenile members of 
the family, but the older ones will be equally charmed. 
Preachers and other public speakers will find a wealth 
of illustrations in the incidents alluded to. While highly 
entertaining, the "Wonder Book," is even more so a 
book of education, high morals, and pointed application 
to the Christian life. It is a book that will instruct, en- 
lighten and arouse thought in general: 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


I the < 


On Sunday, Dec. 26, the Brethren in Toledo, Ohio, en- 
joyed special services. Elder A. Fyock, of New Paris, Pa., 
preached for us in the forenoon, giving the charge to the 
ncwly-elcctcd Sunday-school officers and teachers. His 
words of encouragement and advice were appreciated by 

In the evening, the children rendered a Christmas pro- 
gram. This, too, was favored with a full house. We were 
made to feel that great possibilities arc wrapped up in 
the lives of our boys and girls. As we noticed how eager 
the little ones were to have a part in the program, we 
wondered why it is so hard to get many of the grown- 
ups to do something for the church. 

Sunday, Jan. 9, Bro. B. D. Diaz, our Filipino brother, 
was with us and gave us two interesting sermons. Again 
the bouse was full. We are reminded of the peculiar fact 
that there are some "special occasion" church members. 
In almost every locality there arc those who are never 
seen inside of the church except during a revival, or at the 
love feast, or something out of the ordinary. If all had 
the interest of the Lord's work at heart, it would not be 
difficult to make each service a " special occasion." Why 
not try it this year? J. W. Fyock. 

515 Howland Avenue, Toledo, Ohio, Jan. 15. 


On the evening of Dec. 19, our Sunday-school gave a 
Christmas program, in which the Christmas spirit was 
manifest throughout, as each class, including the cradle 
roll and home department, brought gifts for the poor of 
the Hutchinson Mission. There were sacks of flour and 
meal, many articles of clothing, beans, rice, soap and 
toys. Two autos were needed to transfer the gifts to the 

Our pastor, Bro. W. H. Yoder, is doing excellent work 
in building up the church here, and is wide-awake to the 
problems that confront us, both spiritual and national. 
On Sunday morning, Dec. 26, he conducted a special in- 
stallation service for all Sunday-school teachers, substi- 
tute teachers, and officers. This was very impressive. 
Jan. 2 he gave us a splendid sermon, emphasizing our 
duty as true American citizens, and members of the 
Church of the Brethren in the present world crisis. He 
spoke of the fact that our church has always stood for 
peace. As a body we decided to petition our President, 
senators and representatives against increased war prcp- 

Our Senior and Junior Christian Workers' Bands are 
entering on another year's work with plans for greater 
achievement. The second number of our lecture course 
(of which the Senior Band has charge) will be given to- 

Our young people are much interested in the singing 
school, conducted by Bro. Jesse Wagoner, which meets 
two nights of each week. Bro. Wagoner is an able and 
enthusiastic instructor, and we feel that we are blessed 
in being able to secure his services. 

Conway, Kans., Jan. 11. Emma T. Stutzman. 


The program of our Institute was carried out as given 
in a recent issue of the Messenger. Not one speaker was 
absent, and every one gave us good things. The one 
criticism that we would offer is, that the time was Joo 
short. Why should we not have more time for our In- 
stitutes? This would make it still more worth while for 
persons to co'me from remote parts of the District. The 
Bible sessions were so interesting that extra periods were 
requested.- This was cheerfully granted by the instruc- 
tors, Brethren Hoff and" Warner. 

The Book of Acts was made very attractive. More than 
once Bro. Hoff remarked, "What a feast you have be- 
fore you for the coming year!" He suggested that we 
each secure a five-cent copy of Acts and carry it with 
us wherever we go, read -it and get possession of the text 
during the year 1916. It is preeminently a Holy Spirit 

In the exposition of "First Peter," Bro. Warner dwelt 
on the great salvation there described. Having this 
great salvation as our personal possession, we will want 
others to have it. This very desire to see sinners saved 
U Tim. 1: 15), will impel us to live the simple life and to 
appear in modest apparel (1 Tim. 2: 9 and context). 

The first fundamental that every teacher should have, 
is, according to Bro. O. P. Haines, to be filled with the 
Holy Spirit. Let us remember, too, that this is a com- 
mand (Eph. 5: 18). This one qualification includes so 
many more. 

How to get on the plane of the child mind, was demon- 
strated by Sister Anna Miller. I wish all our primary 
teachers could have heard her two periods. 

The office of missionary superintendent or secretary is 
comparatively new in our Sunday-schools. The subject, 
however, if old. Sister Warner has made a special study 

oi this phase of Sunday-school work and showed how 
necessary it is to give the teaching of missions a larger 
place in our Sunday-schools. Send to the Sunday School 
Board for booklets on mission study. 

Bro. J. J. Johnson not only served the Institute well 
as a speaker, but as leader in music. He and h ; s wife 
certainly have our prayers for success in their new field 
of labor, Dixon, this State, which they expect to enter 

Let us begin now to pray for a good Institute this year. 
I suggest that churches desiring the Institute make their 
call early in the year. This will be an advantage to the 
committee. Mrs. J. H. Brubaker. 

Committee: O. B. Redenbo, Mrs. D. -F. Warner, Mrs. 
J. H. Brubaker, District Sunday-school Secretary, Virdcn, 
III. _^ 


Workers from over the District assembled in the Green- 
spring church, near Watson, Ohio, Dec. 30, 31, and Jan. 
1, for the District Sunday-school and Music Normal. 
Owing to weather conditions and other hindrances, the at- 
tendance was far from being ideal. 

Sister Cora M. Stahly, of Manchester College, was in 
charge of the music, which was inspiring and helpful. 
The Sunday-school lessons for 1916 look bigger since 
hearing Bro. S. S. Blough tell of the opportunities for 
teachers this year. A number of teachers went home, 
fired with a zeal to make the Book of Acts real to their 
classes. From his lectures on "Teachings of Jesus," I 
glean the following: "Teaching was a characteristic fea- 
ture of Jesus' life; no true understanding of him can be 
had without a knowledge of what he taught . . . Jesus 
gathered his classes, and spake to the inner circle. . . . 
Jesus could. plan for the future by seeing present possibil- 
ities. So teachers may lay big foundations in 1916 and 
thus fill their classes with larger visions. ... He who 
follows Jesus truly, never goes ahead of Divine Direc- 

Bro. H. K. Ober was followed closely as he brought 
suggestions along the line of methods in Sunday-school" 
work, and also in teaching. Memory work in Sunday- 
school was given prominence. This is one feature which, 
in too many schools, is underestimated. From his lecture 
upon the " Doctrine of Self-activity," I wish to give the 
following excerpts: "The teacher can't do it all, but he 
must occasion activity in thought, feeling and ambition. 
. . . Teach boys and girls to enter into and think 
through for themselves. . . . Teaching stands second 
only to the ministry." 

On "The Teen Age" I quote the following: "Do you 
know what it means to be in the teen age? . . . The 
finest thing in all the world is the unfolding life of -the 
child in Christian activity. . . . Somewhere in the fu- 
ture the church will realize the opportunities of the 
teen age. . . . Some memories of that time are more 
unpleasant to some boys than they ought to be. . . . If 
we only hold on to the boy and girl during this period, 
and do not allow them to drift from us, half the victory 
is won. . . . The young people have a divine right 
to be understood." 

Bro. G. A. Snider was Moderator the first day, and 
Bio. S. P. Early presided during the second day, while 
Sister Leo Lillian George was Secretary. During the 
business session, the Secretary was instructed to send a 
letter of greeting to the Sunday-school, organized recent- 
ly at Continental, Ohio. 

It was also decided that the Secretary urge each school 
to send, besides its superintendent, at least one chorister 
and -two teachers (and as many more as possible) to at- 
tend the Institute, so that each school may receive the 
greatest amount of good, obtainable from the meetings. 
The Secretary will again receive names of volunteers, to 
hold ioral Sunday-school Normals. 

The audience gave a rising vote of thanks to the in- 
structors for their helpful and inspiring addresses, and 
also to the members of the Greenspring congregation 
for their kind hospitality. Leo Lillian George. 

Bellefontaine, Ohio, Jan. 7. 


The District Sunday-school Meeting of Texas and 
Louisiana was held with the Nocona congregation, Mon- 
tague County, Tex., Wednesday, Dec. 29. The officers 
were: Bro. A.J. Wine, Moderator; Bro. A. Molsbee, Read- 
ing Clerk: Bro. J. B. Firestone, Secretary. The spirit of- 
the meeting was excellent. The discussion of the several 

jng, at 7: 15 P. M. There was preaching at eight. Sub- 
ject, " The Love of God " (Roin. 8: 38-39). It was opened 
by Bro. S. Badger, followed by Bro. J. A. Miller. Bro. J. 
B. Firestone preached Tuesday night, and Bro. Lee Dadis- 
nian on Wednesday night. 

The District Conference was held on Friday, Dec. 31. 
The officers were, Eld. J. A. Miller, Moderator: Eld, Lee 
Dadisman, Reading Clerk; Eld. A. J. Wine, Writing Clerk. 
This meeting was also full of interest. Much time was 
given to the devising of a plan to raise funds for mission 
work in the District. Our field being large, and the con- 
tributors to the work few, and having failed to get help 
from the General Mission Board at their last meeting, 
it will crowd the District and Board to the utmost to keep 
the work going. 

At noon a phone message announced that Bro. D. 7.. 
I'lirguson was very sick. It was requested that Elders 
Miller and Tcnnisoii come as soon as possible. The meet- 
ing was closed, therefore, as quickly as possible. After 
a drive of about fifteen miles, over rough, hilly roads. 
they reached his bedside about 10 P. M., and anointed 
him. When they left, about 5 A. M„ he felt better. 

An informal Temperance Meeting was held on Friday 
night. The attendance at all these meetings was very 
small, owing to much sickness. 

One paper goes to Annual Meeting, asking that a pro- 
test be made to the President against any enlargement of 
military forces. Bro. Sam. Molsbee was elected a mem- 
ber of the Mission Board; Temperance Secretary, Bro, 
A. J. Wine, continued two years; District Mission Sec- 
retary, Bro. M. F. Peters, continued; Member of Standing 
Committee, Eld. M. H. Peters; Eld. J. C. Minnix, alter- 

The n 


The fourteenth annual Sunday-school Teachers' Insti- 
tute of Southern Ohio was held in a large hall in the 
court-house at Troy, during the last five days of 1915. 
A strong program, covering a wide scope of church and 
Sunday-school work, had been planned and assigned to 
able instructors. 

Bro. Otho Winger, of North Manchester Collecc, I ml., 
gave a series of addresses, largely of a doctrinal nature, 
such as: "Doctrine of God," "Man," "Jesus Christ Our 
Savior," "Sin and the Devil," "Regeneration," "Doctrine 
of Faith," " Doctrine of Works and Obedience," " What 
Makes a Man?" and "The Doctrine of the Church." 

Bro. Ezra Flory, formerly of Ohio,- but now of Beth- 
any Bible School, Chicago, gave a number of addresses 
on Sunday-school Psychology. He had collected, and 
placed upon large charts in tabulated form, much helpful 
material pertaining to children of different ages. The 
subjects of his addresses were "Religious Education in 
the Home," "Boyhood and Girlhood," "Adolescence." 
"Sunday-school Administration," "The Planning of the 
Lesson," "The Pedagogy of Jesus," " The Teacher's 
Method," "The Emotions and their Functions," "The Re- 
ligion of Childhood," and " History of the Brethren." 

Bro. S. B. Heckman, another one of our Southern Ohio 
boys, who for a number of years has been teaching in 
The College of the City of New York, gave two addresses 
on "A Knowledge of Child Nature an Essential in Sun- 
day-school Teaching." He maintained that child study 
should be the basis of all teaching, and that a boy is no 
more a little man than a tadpole is a little frog. 

Never before, in the history of our Institute, did we 
have such a store of helpful matter for the teachers of our 
primary and teen age classes. 

Bro. S. L. Brumbaugh, of West Milton, Ohio, spared 
no effort to make the song service a special feature of the 





The Ministerial Meeting was held on Thursday, Dec. 
30. The officers were Bro. K. G. Tennison, Moderator; 
Bro. Lee Dadisman, Reading Clerk; Bro. J. B. Firestone. 
Writing Clerk. This was also pronounced an extra good 
program, and well rendered. "The Preacher" was the 
basis of the first topic, and was considered under several 
subtopics. "Who Is the Preacher and Who Feeds Him?" 
brought out the thought that the true preacher is a God- 
called and Bible-preaching man, — a whole Gospel prcach- 


followed by an informal Child Rescue Meet- 

were a part of the program each evening. A number of 
Sunday-schools gave one or more special songs. 

On account of a deep snow, followed by rain, ice and 
sleet, breaking down hundreds of trees, telephone and 
traction poles, and badly tangling the wires, the usual 
number of people were not permitted to attend our Insti- 
tute. The greater part of the time, transportation facil- 
ities were either out of commission or badly crippled, 
while the roads were almost impassable. 

Brother and Sister John Calvin Bright, widely known 
throughout the Brotherhood, have charge of our mission 
at Troy. They had secured the cooperation of the people 
there for the lodging and feeding of all who would at- 
tend. The daily press gave very ably written reports of 
the Institute. Some of the church people in Troy, of oth- 
er denominations, including a few colored people, were 
in attendance a part of the time, as well as some of the 
court-house officials. Notwithstanding the difficulty in 
reaching the Institute, one hundred and ninety names 
are found on the attendance record. These include Sun- 
rlay-M linn! nfficers and teachers and preachers and work- - 
ens in general. All who were permitted to be present felt 
that, so far as the standard of instruction is concerned, 
it was one of the best Institutes *e Save held 
Greenville, Ohio. Tan •. Levi Mlnnlch, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

o. C. S. Garter cave 

ck Of .«r 

Sunday. Ja 

n. ■., B. 

O, arc strong wor 

* ir ..■ willing t„ 

kingdom.— Gall Bru 


, !.-.'Lit,or. 

*f*£ bloo 





Eld. C. C 


■*. »ii 


I.sent, Rro. .1. C. presided. 

'ctry presiding. All 

Mid ale town- — Our series of meetings closed last Sunday were given to tlio 

i°i!n h ll ^l!'".^ 1 _ t f 1 o 9 ; or'eandy. ' Dec'."^^ the parents^and famines 
t ready to make 

began lo Increase. given for "regular .1 1 l^n.Tn n- o. sHminr w;<s give, 

an uplifting prayer meeting last evening. These ( become Letter ^■■.|i:i ininl with eneh 
of Roann, Tnd., will begin a meeting at our churcli, us _ Our 1.. loved ."h'n'ivh is unie.] for 
0. — The First Church of the Brethren met in coun- received. A Temperance Committee nrinointci, 

t V alley .- 


In lie near futti.e. Mac Moomaw, 11-6 W . Sixth Street. „ ve sert]1011s> As a r ,, slllI twrrltv . nu]< ,,„-, k ,,,„],. st . |]1(1 ff)1 . it may spring 11 j> and b, mg forth nmrli fruit. One was mane 

•Santa Ana, Cnl., Jan. 11. Christ. Nineteen luive been received Into 11, e church hv hap. willing to accept Christ. Two were reslorcd,— Mrs. Laura E. 

Triffo.— A deneon broth, r nn.l wife have nioy ed among us lism. mid one awaits the rite. Others are deeply impressed. Fouch, R. D. 31, Weverton, Md.. Jan. 20. 

iniil are iili-emly adiv-ly engaged in ll,,- wo. k o rt.ur.l. Km. Lk-M , ., ,, ..,-<■ 1. bed the Word with much power. He ex- Green HUL— Christmas evening our Sundav-school ren- 

R. 0. 1, Ockley, Tnd., Jan. 18. year. lW .1. r Ti:,,im\ ri k- t . 1-- ■ - i ri ■ ■ , , i 'or n,e ci„-j 

TOWA S«- T1,e rlimes '"'■■'"■Fhnent, Slfi.62. Of t 

1UWA ' $10 was forward.-.,) to Sister Kffle Long to help pre 

»n clM.rohl.ou.,>.— Maml 

e Sink 

Trlgo. Cal. 

ml.alor.ory i 



»„r B ™ fl ":'B™. , l';' r M S V r i'i r 



Falnriew r 

Mends g.ive flroUier and Sister 

r Chriatlan Workers' Meeting through tr. 
Ogdcn held a two weeks' r 

decided to con- Workers* president.— Oto E. Moss. R. P. 2, Copemls 

IDAHO. Grundy County 

Inspiring sermons, plainly siting fortli the mm-h 'Vinder"" 1 r.rV 

(■L-iMloii, twelve miles northeast of WeNer. in hv"' On s!li„lTv ''V-' 

whir), was In!, resting I 

Norn Polvn Snnday-p 

1 l!ie 1'il.l ■ ■''■' 

J. R. Atexanr] 

er and wife.. Sister Nettie Senger, 01 

r 01 

' to China, was with us eight days 

ve were baptized.— 

eight miles 1 

e were very busy. Sister Senger endea 




"'our !'|!i,.'r"ri 1 t o 0n R 

Grenola cht 

rch met In council Jan. S. Bro. W. C. 


r which the Spirit, 


h, elected Brethren 

...1. ,,f the 

of Bible lease 

ns during l 'hol'idav y week' rSidu'lid "by 


ty of the votes 

^Piie.son fjollcse- _ A smg.i.g school 

'en are *** tendency to improve our Sunday-; 

Clerk, McPherson, Kans.. Norrls, 2227 Q i 

■siding. The Sunday-! 


a K,.nd„y-s, hool in the country at thU thne" 6 We 'hope" tha" Mlner^M 'V"'' l' '"'"' '" ' °" nHI '-" S '""" " M " r - Br0 ' J - A - NORTH CAROLINA, 

Stutsman wa« reelected* eld™': nro. "otlV Wahon^'.-lerk B ^ Br^ Tb. Firc-Vo,-,',' «'', / 1". \' !?*' • ?' u" ""''"^ ? f m ' ' ' ine ^ ^-'•■""^ r. "nil." ' Bro" Woodi'e ha^T been 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


young people's 

■ — , -coop table work 

New Vein we ; .,i OJ >t the weekly ■ 

wo found ho satisfactory 

Blough, Nokesvllle, Va,, Jon. 

ain, which we found no satlsfm-tory 

One was baptized. — Rachel A. Mohn, 
i pastor presided. On Sunday evening. 

was good, considering the slckn 

■ Father will richly bless these donors. Our Sunday-sel 

t Nashville. Tl 

living.— Lydi a. D. White, Jonesborc 

New Hope. — We are now In the midst of n series o 
logs, conducted by Brethren A. M. Laughrun and J. B. 
bert. Twenty-eight have so far accepted Christ. We ask 

Biff Swatam.— We held our council at Hanoverdale Dec 

Sunday-school snpciliilemVnts for our schools were elec 

William Smith; Jlo.-rnerstown, Rro. Choice H ' Ai'iiksI ; 'r.o 
Paxton, Bro. Harry Kspenshade; Fishing '"reek, Bro. Bi 

Frank Carper, of t'almyi.i, l'a , j, reached thirty-two serrr 

was restored. Tomorrow, Jan. 13, a few of the app'llct 
will be baptize,!. Later tin- others will he huntlwd -,. 

for us. — Jennie 


field. Orations, 

it excellent ad- 
L3 composed of 

Elders Wyatt 

Reed was chosen 
le Reed, dork. Sermon on 
Michael Reed.— Rosa Reed, i 

■ ,'lv,. „,',' 

taken up for 
Holce over dur 

Valley Bethel.— 

sermon, the following Sunday. 
unday-school cliONon for 1010 

" Child Training," 

; Book by Hoot. Studies 1 

;. McKlnley church honor 
v willful helpers ready 1 

iinperance Committee: 

(.'ir C'hrisli.m Woil;',.!- 

Hretluen. Quite a nu 

..;, S. Sirausbr.ugh was d,,,,,,, elder; Bro. 

Bro. G. S. wis with us ovm 
.L;ood meeting.— i Miss) Maude Bowser, Gl 

aim el st own (Pennsylvania). — Last Sunday , 

e Conestoga church, Lancaster County, Pa. 


Cassel, presided. Eld. Jesse Zlegler, of Mingo, wa; 

asking the Sunday-schools of Kaslern District of 

Lower Cumberland. 

Western Pennsylvania. — The Dlstri 

s Flke, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 

Clower; Temperance Conn 

I, Zigler; clerk, 
Sanger, thre B 

. Crouse, 

Just before District ami Annual Meetings, 

Anna F. Sanger, Fayetteville, W. Va,, Jan 
Smith Creek — On Friday, Dec. 24, Brethren S. I. Bowmai 

four days following, an Institute, nf two sessions dally, wa 


lays. Eight < 


ithan Mart 

) labored earnestly i 
islonary from India, ga> 

,~Judy, Zigl 

pleasure o 

i been very helpfi 

pleasure of enjoying a wet 

Washita church met In council Jan. 8. Eld. A. I,. Boyd i 

indefinitely. We decided to put In a call 
ned to $IK!ir.. 'In Sunday evening, follow 

z «:.V 


Saturday night and J 

ice E. RodefTer, ] 
Sunday-school superintend. 

Your Parents." Througho 

is and laboring i 


In the eighth ward, Johnstown, we united in a Union 
Thanksgiving service with the other churches of our 
ward, in the Derby Street Evangelical church. The of- 
fering was given to the "Christian Home" of our ward. 
In Roxbury, our Missionary Committee presented an 
interesting program on Missionary Day, at which time 
we took up an offering for our Home Mission Work. 
We shall probably have these Missionary, as well as 
Temperance Programs, quarterly in the future. We also 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

elected a Missionary Superintendent and a Temperance 
Superintendent. We also had a good Christmas program, 
followed by a treat. 

Our Sunday-school is entering the new year with bright 
prospects and a greater determination to reach more 
homes. It was reorganized with Bro. M. L. Hoffman, 
superintendent, and a full corps of officers and teachers. 
The list comprises more than a score of persons. On 
Sunday evening, Jan. 2, an installation service was held 
before the regular preaching services, in which our pastor, 
Bro. E. M. Dctwiler, briefly outlined the duties of the 
officers and teachers. He was followed by our elder, N. 
W. Berkley, who gave the charge to the church and Sun- 
day-school, impressing the need of hearty cooperation, 
Our enrollment is over 525, and growing weekly. The 
"Onward" Class, consisting of young men, has decided 
io move into the audience room, thus making room for 
one more class in the basement. Heretofore all our class- 
es have had individual class-rooms, except the two large 
Men's and Women's Bible Classes. For want of more 
class-rooms a number of the large classes can not be di- 

Our pastor is delivering a scries of sermons on "The 
i r is is (if the Christ," on Sunday mornings, which are 
eliciting favorable comment. Instead of Christian Work- 
ers' Society meetings, on Sunday evenings before preach- 
ing, we arc having a Mission Study period, using "Chris- 
tian Heroism in Heathen Lands," by Bro. Galen B. Royer. 
Each rharacler will be taken up and several talks given 
on each one, by the pastor and others. It is planned to 
have an examination after the book is finished. 

Jan. 6 we met in local council. Reports of the past year 
were given. Wc also planned the work for this year, 
elected officers, and appointed committees. The local 
work at Viewmont was similarly organized, at a council 
in December. Their Sunday-school was also organized 
for the year, by electing Bro. Webster Mosholdcr, superin- 
tendent, and a full corps of officers and teachers. This 
Sunday-school also had a Christmas Program and treat. 
It is in a prosperous condition, and is gradually reaching 
more people. The school occasionally renders a special 
program. Only last Sunday night they held a Union 
Sunday-school Rally, with a full house. Some of our 
members also ta!:c an active part in a union Sunday-school 
in the Mill Creek schoolhouse. Here Rev. Cleveland 
Shultz, a Sunday-school organizer and helper, held a two 
weeks' series of meetings with one conversion. At View- 
mont Bro. W. H. Rummel has charge of the pastoral 
work for another year, He gets other ministers to assist 
him in the preaching, but is responsible for the filling of 

Dec. 23 we held our quarterly council. The official 
council convened on the Sunday previous. At the council 
Bro. J. P. Coleman was elected clerk; R. N. Haynes, 
treasurer; William Gilbert and Lee Bracken, auditors; Je- 
rome E. Blough, church correspondent. 

During our fifth annual Bible. Missionary and Sunday- 
school Institute, which convened in our church Dec. 27 to 
.11. our membership received splendid spiritual food by 
means of the inspiring missionary talks, and the helpful 
suggestions along the work of the Sunday-school. Some 
nights the house was filled, but some of the day sessions 
might well have been better attended. The instructors, 
Elders Galen B. Royer, A. C. Wieand, and our District 
Secretary, I. E. Holsinger, were at their best. The topics 
discussed by the home brethren were also ably handled. 
Both our Sisters' Aid Societies have done faithful work 
during the past year and will likely report through these 
columns. Jerome E. Blough. 

R. D 5. Johnstown. Pa., Jan. 13. 

The number receiving certificates and seals, and a final 
report by the District Secretary are given at the close of 
the year. We shall watch this plan with interest, and 
report results later. 

Bro. Hollinger served our people most acceptably. A 
roll call showed a good representation of delegates, 
teachers, superintendents, and ministers. According to 
previous plans, the next Institute will be held next year 
in conjunction with the Southern District of Virginia. 

Daleville, Va., Jan. 11. C. S. Ikenberry, Secretary. 

ll-l.iy meetings, and thirteen half-day 
during 1916. ninety-nine; 


The first day c 
for the Sunday-! 

ool workci 

: hi tin 

of the Fi 

Virginia to convene for annual Institute work. Bro. 
J II Hollinger, of Washington, D. C. together with our 
-lJi*irict workers, ' made this a most splendid occasion. 
Roanoke City church entertained this Institute, and many 
ol us will not soon forget their hospitality. Forward 
sleps were taken in the organization of the District, in 
the appointing of departmental superintendents, and in 
the adoption of a plan for " Home Bible Reading." 

The following superintendents of departments were ap- 
pointed: Elementary, Sister Pearl Kinzie; secondary Sis- 
ter Elsie Shickel; adult, Bro. J. Allen Flora; home depart- 
ment, Sister Nina Moomaw; teacher-training, Bro. L. C. 
Coffman. These officers were elected for two years, and 
their special work will be to aid the local schools in the 
organization of these departments of Sunday-school work, 
and helping them to attain highest efficiency. 

The "Home Bible Reading" plan adopted, provides 
the pupils with a seal certificate after a careful reading 
and study of the Book of Acts. A seal is awarded the 
pupil, to be placed on the certificate as he completes each 
of the twelve divisions of the New Testament and Psalms. 
and an additional course when twelve divisions of the 
Old Testament are read. This gives the pupil an oppor- 
tunity, directed by the teacher, to read the entire Bible 
through, and the certificate, with the seals therein, are 
given as a token of faithful reading. Weekly records will 
be kept by the school of the number of chapters read. 


The ninth annual Sunday-school Teachers' Institute of 
Northeastern Ohio was held at Hartvillc, Ohio, Dec. 27 
to 29, 1915. The interest was excellent, but on account 
of much rain, the attendance was somewhat hindered, 
and yet the Sunday-schools of the District were well rep- 

Bro. H. K. Ober emphasized the fact that God's great- 
est asset is man, and he made an earnest appeal for better 
child-training and nurture, in order that the future man- 
hood might reach a higher plane of living. In his ex- 
position of the "Doctrine of Self-activity" and "Teach- 
ing Without Telling," he urged that pupils be given more 
chance for expression in the class recitation. What teach- 
ers say in the class should be largely for the stimulation 
of expression by pupils. Teachers were also urged to 
I earn the art of effective questioning, in preference to 
profuse lecturing. Bro. Ober closed by declaring that the 
"simple life," lived cheerfully and willingly, culminates 
in the greatest beauty and utility for God and man. 

Bro. S. S. Blough gave an excellent exposition and sub- 
jective outline of the Sunday-school lessons of 1916, and 
urged a careful study of the Book of Acts and the doc- 
trine of the Holy Spirit during the year of 1916. In dis- 
cussing the "Age of Adolescence" and the "Manage- 
ment of the Boy," Bro. Blough urged a careful direction 
of the reading matter for children. In his sermon on 
the "Letter and the Spirit" he made an effective appeal 
for practical Bible interpretation and its crystallization 
into actual spiritual life. In his study of "First Tim- 
othy" he gave excellent instruction relating to church 

Bro. H. K. Ober and Bro. S. S. Blough have been with 
us for two consecutive years. Many are the good teach- 
ings given, and numerous are the ties of friendship which 
have been thus formed. 

Sister Cora Stahly has been with us in our Sunday- 
school Institute work for three consecutive years. Much 
valuable and enjoyable instruction has been given in 
music to children, to choristers and to the congregation, 
together with some special music. 

Our Institute was followed by a special missionary 
program, given by the Mission Band of North Man- 
chester College, during which $15.38 was given for the 
support of Bro. Moy Gwong. Edson W. Wolfe, 

District Sunday-school Secretary. 
Hartville. Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Sisters' Aid Societies 

(Concluded from Page 71.) 

b realized (94.16; regular weekly i 
.07. We expended fop m: 

*34; paid 

6: President, Sii 
Propels; Mark 

cash on hand. $fi3.t::i. Nmnl.ei- of quilts finished' 
worker, $20; amount paid out" for Gospel Messen 


expended for material, $37.7 
. __■ love fea 
Mosaic, $2; 

ispital. Total i 

Balance i 


lason Hospital, wo 
tor. with a goodly i 


-iuilric it,.- |.;i,.t y..:u. SI,.-- will he- greatly missed hoi 

.ir<. ris follows: Slater H.irm.ih M.-l;<.l.--r, President; Si 
■ii- OosKivMt... VLe-president; Sister Maria Sell, 
(-■n.lwit, Mster Barbara S turkey. Treasurer; the wr! 
retary.— Lena Hoover. Roaring Spring, Pa., Jan. 13, 

HOYEESrOBD, PA.— The Royersford " Whatsoevc 
or better known as a " Young Ladles' Aid Society," 

for raising funds to relight our church. A month 

(.-Iris. The Band w;i.-; .livid.-. I i 
It- in ■ ompetlng to raise the lai 

iVylnc potato chips, taking yoai 

i.-;jJly j 

led In making candy. 

is, the men.oers of the band will devote 
. Hylton' 

been raised. The follow- 
meetlngs, now being 

family, (2.20; paid J2.3 
to Mexico Home, J2, U 

, $5.— M 

i City missionary, Sist, 


" What therefore God h 

Dlxon-Blggleman. — By the undersigned, at the 
lister Verna Lovlna Biggteman, both of Tyrone, 
Plory-Hoover.— By the undersigned, at his hoi 


vay, both of- White. Pa.— B. B. Ludwlck, Mt. Pleas 
Myera-QuoUlioMt. — By the undersigned. Dec. 25, 

he horn,- of tin- hrl.le's lathe, , Bro. J. fi. (.....>, ■! liiui 

•<-' ■" w - Myi-rs :iii-l Sisl.-i- Fr.-.loni.-i Quellhorst, 

ocFherson, Kans.— A. J. Culler, McPherson, Kans. 
Boyer-Smith.— By the undersigned, at the home 


wman, born Aug. 28. 1844, died Dec. 30. 1915, oi 
i-long member of the' Church of the Brethren.' 

Indiana nearly ; 

Ci-umrlnp, Isabi 
tngton. Ohio, diet 

p/are County. He 

o her. She united with 1 
lie Sugar Grove ceme 

. Klllian, Beaverton, Mich. 

rled 1 

Eshleman April 3, 1369. 

the Church of the Brethren. She was preceded In ■ 

Interment in Highland 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 

n;mitl Wysong, Nnjipam-i-, ] rid. 

ind two daughtei 
Fro vines, Jamc 

i daughters (all i 

K:,i,view i-lmrHi hy ! 

P. cemetery. — Sarah C. Seit- 

>ther and Sister Bonjamlr 
Huntington Hospital, agei: 

. Sidney. 

adjoining cer 

Shlvely, Sister Nancy E., daughter 
arlne Taylor, born June 
Jan. 10, 1916, In Nappan 

lilllil'TI, In 

of the Ridgely cluin-ti, M 
i) Hi-" Ridgely church by i 
, RIdgely, Mtl. 

of Eld. David and L.ydia Shlvely. Soon after th 
by the undersigned. Interment near by. — Daniel 

nuel Show-alter, of Virginia 

ed in the Thorn- 

College chapel by E 

d, A. J. Cull 

farm, the place 

Siple, Sister Eliza 
rn M. Siple in 18 


survived by her 
es at the Eagle 


es one daugh 

own, Ohio. 

Smith, born Sepf. 10. 

n"««eat e S' 

ounty. Pa., died 

R. D. 4, Dayton, Oh 

;°- Parker P 

3hlo. el wnere n fiv: 

was of a family of 

ea'sJ'yra' 1 ," ! 

te Pigeon, Mich. 
Tnd„ and eight 



I Wysong, Nappanee, 
gle, Bro. Prank M., .. 

illness of but a few 
.Ym. Murphy and B. 

imson County, 1 


glish, low 

i days. She spent I 

urvived by two 

Springfield, Ohio, aged 


sle Winget. R. D. 1. SpringAe 
bedfast for over two years 

nt V 'ln e 'tl« 

Rldse ™' m £"*-vZ"£. W 

. Susan, 

orn la April. 184!. .Heil In 


Services by Eld. D. T. Delwl 
near by.— Margaret Replogle 

The Wonder Book 

Ministers and Other Public Speakers 

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Elgin, Illinois. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 29, 1916. 


The work is presided over by Bro. K T. ldleman. 
of the Greenland church, W. Va. In spite of the 
weather, the crowds have been fairly good. So far, 
have made the good confession and others are near 


I love to read news from different churches, and 1 

do not wish to discourage the writers in any way, but 


,vork. In 

uld rather encourage the 
reading the Messenger of Jan. 8. 1916, I notice an article 
written from Trotwood, Ohio, by Sarah E. Minnich, 
which all the correspondents from the different churches 
might well read and profit thereby. You will find this 
item of church news on page 27. 

The thing I wish to have you notice is, that in the 
election of Sunday-school officers, the superintendent is 
named and not all of the officers. It is very interesting, 
no doubt, to a few to mention the names of all the of- 

ficers, but i 
[he ek-ctioi 

of elders. 

of Chris 

It is well, i 
ian Workers 



and Tempe 
t is needles 


inittccs, to me 
on all the offic 

c n rs°names r 

9S, there 
,des, if s 

uld be 
of the 



link the Messenger is the best religious paper I ev 
and I feel that if this one thought would be cat 
considered, it might be of benefit to its readers. V 
1 have more room for articles on Peace, Evils 
Temperance, White Slavery, etc. Clara Woods. 
ncer, Ohio, Jan. 16. 

i in the evening of last Thanksgiving Day 1 began a 

bounds of the Greenland congregation. 1 preached two 
weeks to an interested congregation. While there were 
no accessions to the church, we trust that the seed sown 
will bring forth fruit to the glory of God in due season. 

1 then preached five sermons at Green Knob, a union 
church, where one girl professed Christ and awaits bap- 

mm there we w 

ent to the Brick chu 

ch, in the Green 


md preached nearly 

wo weeks. There 

a few active m 

willing to sacri* 

for the Lord's 

ause, but the cause i 

suffering for the 

,: |. 



Pa., Ja 



Dec. 10 I left home to hold a series of meetings in the 
James Creek congregation, about ten miles from Hunting- 
don, Pa. I began Dec. 11. After preaching nearly two 
weeks, I was taken with la grippe, which compelled me to 
close the meetings. James Creek is the old home of the 
Brumbaughs, and once had a large membership. As quite 
a number have moved away, the membership is not so 
large, now, but they are united, and working together 
harmoniously. While among them, I did not hear an un- 
kind word about any one. On account of sickness, I did 
not get to visit all the members, but I shall never forget 
the many acts of kindness shown me. 

The present pastor is Irvin B. Brumbaugh, who lives 
on the old Brumbaugh farm, a short distance from the 
church. While there, I had my home with Bro. D. M. 
Garhart, a few hundred yards from the church, who. with 
his family, made me comfortable while down with la 
grippe. I had the pleasure of visiting Marklesburg, the 
early home of Gov. Brumbaugh. Here I also met his 
father, Geo. B. Brumbaugh, now eighty-two years old. 
He was for many years one of the ministers at James 

Dec. 30 I had sufficiently recovered to visit Huntingdon, 
where, thirty-six years ago, I spent a short time in school, 
but on account of failing health, had to give up school- 
work for a time. At that time there was only one build- 
ing, " Founder's Hall," standing in an open field, with no 
trees or campus. The day I left for home, Prof. J. M. 
Zuck, the founder, was laid away in the cemetery,— a 
noble life sacrificed for the cause of education in the 
Church of the Brethren, and founder of our first college. 

What a change in thirty-six years! Now there are 
seven large buildings, including a large stone church, with 
an auditorium large enough to seat about 600, and a large 
number of Sunday-school rooms. A science hall is near- 
ing completion at a cost of $40,000. Some of the gradu- 
ates may be found teaching in nearly all of our, colleges. 
A large number of our foreign missionaries were edu- 
cated here, and many graduates occupy prominent posi- 
tions. While in Huntingdon I was entertained in the 
homes of Elders J. B. and H. B. Brumbaugh. May God 
bless the good work at Juniata! 

On my way home, I stopped off at Saxton and spent 
a few days with Bro. John P. Harris, formerly of our 
home congregation. He has been pastor at Stonerstown 
for a year. Here the Brethren are erecting a large and 
well-arranged church, Bro. Harris being in charge of the 
new building. It was my pleasure to worship with the 
members at Riddlesburg Jan. 2, and at Stc 
same evening. I arrived home Jan. 5. 

Waynesboro, Va. f Jan. 14. Geo. A. Phillips 

large territory. There are three ministers who have 
passed the meridian of life, but who are trying to main- 
tain eight places of worship. The elder lives some dis- 
tance away, in another congregation. Out of this con- 
gregation came some of our strong men, Thomas Lyon, 
Hudson, Illinois (now deceased); Daniel Hays, Broad- 
way, Va.; J. H. Cassady, Huntingdon, Pa.; Clarence 
Hesse, a promising young man, now in preparation at 
Bridgewater College, Va. 

We wonder why a congregation, after furnishing such 
men, should suffer for a lack of workers. Surely, some- 
thing is at fault in the distribution of our ministers. All 
last year 1 worked among churches struggling for an 
existence. Many of our strong congregations have talent 
that should be in preparation for the Lord's work. The 
business world is bidding for them and willing to pay 
the price, so our strong young men — many of them, — are 
lost to the activities of the church. The crying need of 
the Brethren Church today is consecrated men and wom- 
en who are willing to lay their lives on the altar of serv- 
ice, and an awakened membership, who, with a vision 
of the world's needs impressed upon them, will do their 
part in evangelization, for "how can they preach except 
they be sent?" There is talent and education enough in 
the Brethren church to carry the Gospel to the world, if 
it was sanctified by the Holy Ghost. The power to wit- 
ness for God (Acts 1: 8), and to convict the world (John 
16: 8. 13), is in men that are moved by the Holy Ghost. 

I am at this writing with the Ten Mile congregation. 
Pennsylvania, where I have been laboring for two weeks. 
This is one of the oldest congregations in Western Penn- 
sylvania^ This was the home of Eld. John Wise, of sa- 
cred memory. The membership now is small and very 


We met in council Jan. 3. Our elder, Bro. M. C. Swigart, 
presided. One letter of membership was received. Church 
and Sunday-school officers were elected as follows: 
Church treasurer, Bro. P. R. Markley; church clerk, Bro. 
I. N, Buckwalter; church and Sunday-school chorister, 
Bro. E. F. Ertel. Our pastor was reelected Sunday- 
school superintendent; Bro. Howard Shugard, secretary; 
Bro. Philip R. Markley, treasurer; the writer, church cor- 
respondent. Jan. 13, two deacons were elected, — Breth- 
ren Frank Jester and Clayton Steigner. 

The work here is progressing very favorably. Since 
Christmas, five have been added to the church by baptism. 

On the evening of Dec. 27 our Sunday-school held its 
Christmas entertainment. The church was appropriately 
decorated. Above the platform, suspended from a wire, 
were these words: "White Gifts for the King." The 
idea of it all was giving,— giving to those who were in 
need. Every one, — from the tiny tots in the primary de- 
partment to the aged ones in the adult classes, — exempli- 
fied the Christmas spirit by responding nobly and gen- 
erously. The adult classes gave money, which was sent 
to orphanages and missions. The offerings of_ the in- 
termediate and primary classes were in the nature of 
groceries, canned goods, and fruit. 

In connection with this pleasing and joyful feature of 
the bringing of gifts, the program consisted of songs and 
recitations by the pupils of the primary department, all 
of which was thoroughly enjoyed by a large and appre- 
ciative audience. (Mrs.) Iva M. Jacoby. 

Germantown, Pa. 



May 13, 14, Upper C 

: :-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-:-;-:-:-:-:-:-:-!-;-:r:-;-:-:^-:-:^:-:r:-;-:-:-:-:-:-H-ri_ 


To the Book of Revelation is found in the Old 
Testament, since the pictures,, symbols, types and 
emblems found in it first appear there. 



Brother M. M. Eshelman 

bearing of many wonderful 

Brother C. W. Guthrie says: "Having com- 
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Way,' I consider it a marvel of completeness, 
free from speculative theology, evincing large re- 
search; and the interpretation is clear, logical, 
and reasonable." 






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The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 65. 

Elgin, 111., February 5, 1916. 


America's Oldest Minister. 

So far as known, the most aged minister in the United 
States, of late years, was the recently deceased Rev. Wil- 
liam Barnes, of Asheville, N. C„ who, after a most useful 
and busy life, went to his reward at the age of one hun- 
dred and three years and eight months. In his long and 
lionored career as a minister of the Gospel, the hardy vet- 
eran was a living exemplification of the gracious promise, 
" With long life will I satisfy him, and show him my sal- 
vation." Then, too, his phenomenal activity, almost to 
the very close of his life, vividly suggests a verification of 
the words of the Psalmist, "They shall still bring forth 

fruit in old age." 

The Quakers and War. 

That part of the Society of Friends, residing in the 
States of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware and Mary- 
land, recently sent a strong memorial to Congress, de- 
fining their attitude: We quote in part: "From its incep- 
tion this Society has believed that all war is unrighteous, 
and that military service is contrary to the teaching and 
life of Christ; that it is the duty of nations, as it is of in- 
dividuals, to practice Christianity by basing their ac- 
tions on justice, good will and love, which alone can heal 
the social and economic diseases of mankind. ... It is not 
a lack of courage that prompts this appeal, but rather a 
patriotism that includes the welfare of all the nations of 
mankind, and an abiding faith in the ultimate victory of 
human brotherhood." These sentiments may well bi em- 
phasized by our own members in their petitions. 

ness," are chiefly intent upon reaping possible financial 
gains, in some way, from the demand for needed supplies, 
thus created. Confronted by the pending situation, the 
average congressman finds himself, just now, in a pecul- 
iar position. On the one hand he must face the power- 
ful lobby of the "jingo" element, insisting upon his sup- 
port of the " war program." On the other hand he is 
bound to consider the interests of the voters of his home 
district, who, as a rule, will hardly allow him to vote for 
"greater preparedness" when, because of it, millions of 
dollars will have to be raised by additional taxation. Ad- 
vocates of peace should be ever watchful that their rep- 
resentatives at Washington are reminded of the all-im- 
portant issue, and their position concerning it. 

Religious Liberty in South America. 
After a campaign for religious liberty, carried on for 
over fifteen years, three South American republics have at 
last succeeded in gaining the coveted privileges. In Ec- 
uador 4 Bolivia and Peru no public worship was allowed 
in former years, except in the established Catholic church, 
nor could marriages be contracted in any other way. 
While Ecuador and Bolivia gradually yielded to the pres- 
sure for religious tolerance, it was not until the begin- 
ning of this year that Peru granted full religious privi- 
leges. Viewing the victory, thus gained, in its significance 
for the future, it is readily recognized as an epoch-making 
event, for now religious liberty prevails throughout the 
entire Western Hemisphere. There is now no impediment 
whatever to the progress of evangelical Christianity in 
the great field thus opened. Will the Lord's ambassadors 
respond to the opportunity? 

Three Rules That Count. 
Doubtless a life, wholly devoid of fixed standards of ac- 
tion, would, at best, be unsteady, and unprofitable to 
humanity in general. We are told that one of the world's 
noted evangelists was approached, shortly after his con- 
version, by an earnest Christian friend, blessed with more 
than an ordinary amount of " consecrated common sense." 
Having a keen appreciation of the possibilities within 
reach of the young man, and anxious to bring about their 
fullest development, he affectionately threw his arms about 
him and said: "Brother, there arc just three simple rules 
I can give you. If you will hold to them you will never 
write 'backslider' after your name: (1) Take fifteen min- 
utes each day to listen to God talking to you. (2) Take 
fifteen minutes each day to talk to God. (3) Take fifteen 
minutes each day to talk to others about God." Good ad- 
vice, and wholly pertinent to even the humblest believer. 

Protests from the Peace Promoters. 
Aided by the secular press, — almost a unit on the mat- 
ter of greater war preparation, — the militarists, even thus 
reenforced, are finding it a hard proposition to swing the 
Senate and the House of Representatives to their way of 
thinking. From practically every section of the country, 
promoters of peace have literally swamped their respec- 
tive representatives with communications, and the number 
of these should cause our lawmakers to do at least a 
little sober thinking. Public sentiment is hard to arouse 
at times, but, according to latest reports, the foes of 
" greater preparedness " are thoroughly stirred, and the 
nation's representatives at Washington realize that the 
vehement protest, by the rank and file of their constit- 
uency, must be considered. To the average citizen a close 
scrutiny of the advocates of "greater preparedness" dis- 
closes the disconcerting fact that war supply manufac- 
turers arc strongly backing the movement. It would seem 
1 , that many, who are most loudly crying out for " prepared- 

The Minister's Critics. 

A writer, in a recent issue of the " Christian Standard," 
takes occasion to make some pertinent remarks regard- 
ing the present tendency of the times, when the minis- 
ter's work is subjected to severe criticism, in private and 
public discussion, as well as through the press. " It is 
doubtful," says the writer, "if any man can minister to a 
congregation more than a year without having his critics. 
We have yet to hear of a preacher whose service in one 
church has lengthened into years, of whom every mem- 
ber would say, ' He is the man for the place.' And why 
should it be otherwise? The preacher with no critics 
would be an object of pity. No preacher who is worth 
his salt will keep everybody 'sweet,' and win universal 
approval." There is, undoubtedly, much truth in the words 


Another Work of Uplift. 

While Tuskegee Institute, Ala., has done much in the 
uplift of the colored race, it was ever the earnest hope and 
prayer of its sainted founder that others might be raised 
up to start and carry on like institutions in other parts of 
the United States. It now appears that the fervent desire 
of the negro educator is to be fulfilled. Lawrence C. 
Jones, of Braxton, Miss., is fast building up a most cred- 
itable institution for the people of his race. He has not 
" despised the day of small things," for from very small 
beginnings he has succeeded in building up a work full of 
promise along industrial and spiritual lines. It began with 
a gift of but forty acres of pine land and $50 in money, six 
years ago,— the gift of an ex-slave. Now there are 534 
acres, three large buildings, over 200 students, nine teach- 
ers, and the best of industrial facilities. It simply shows 
what may be done when there is "first a willing mind." 

Decreasing Vitality. 
If we are ready to accept the arguments of Prof. E. E. 
Rittenhouse, of New York, president of the Life Exten- 
sion Institute, we will have to admit that American vigor 
is noticeably decreasing. Among the reasons assigned by 
the professor are the following: "High and increasing 
nervous tension in large groups. Extraordinary tension 
in sedentary occupations; hearty eating without exercise; 
increasing obesity, weak limbs, soft muscles, low resis- 
tance to disease in industrial and other classes; increase 
in death rate from organic diseases; increase in early 
breaking down of important organs; excessive life waste 
still going on from germ disease; remarkable cancer mor- 
tality increase; marked increase in defective teeth, diseased 
gums, impaired vision, bad posture, flat feet, constipation." 
Prof. Rittenhouse alleges that there 


which fact he ascribes much of the prevalent immorality. 
He deplores the increasing number of divorces which, in 
some sections of our country, reach the alarming number 
of one in every four marriages. What he says ought to 
cause most any one of us to do some serious thinking, 
and it may well induce practically every one of us to 
exercise a little more care in his manner of living. 

A Sad Record. 
According to the most careful estimates, nearly three 
lion men have already been killed in the European con- 
t. This is the vital and real cost of the war, beside 
ich the mere dollars and cents cost dwindles into in- 
nificance. How ruthless is this slaughter of the many 
o, in the vigor of manhood, "sank to silence and pa- 
tic dust"! Many of earth's most illustrious men, — 
ists, scientists, doctors, literary lights, etc., — have-been 
ried to their eternal destiny ere they could bequeath 
humanity the choicest fruitage of their talent. How 
ch there will be lost to the world at large, in this way, 
i never be fully estimated. Surely, there is a vital im- 
rment of humanity's progress when the choicest flow- 
of intellectual culture are rudely withered. 

Bible Study in Public Schools. 
In parts of the West and Northwest, well-directed effort 
is being given to the promoting of interest in Bible study. 
In North Dakota the State High School Board adopted a 
schedule of study for which, though not followed in 
school, credit is given. The State gives the examination, 
and a passing grade of 65 per cent will secure a credit of 
one-half unit. Since the introduction of the plan 407 
pupils have secured a passing grade, indicating that a very 
satisfactory aggregate amount of Bible knowledge lias 
been gained by that method. Apparently the plan has 
proved acceptable to both Catholics and Protestants and, 
having demonstrated its value, might, to good advantage, 
be introduced in other States. As Charles Dudley Warner 
puis it: "The Bible is the One Book of which 
ligcnt person can afford to be ignorant." 


The Great Struggle. 
No events of special importance are reported from cither 
the European or Asian battle area at date of this writ- 
ing (Feb. 1). There have been attacks and counter attacks 
along the western line of defense, in Northern France and 
in Belgium, as well as in the East, but neither side has 
been able to score decisive gains. The recent decisijn of the 
British Government,— to make the blockade of Germany 
still more effective, and to allow not even the importation 
of a single can of condensed milk, urgently needed by the 
thousands of infants, — has aroused not a little indignation 
and apprehension. Not only will the blockade affect the 
Central Empires, but also the neutral nations,— Sweden, 
Norway, Denmark, Holland and Switzerland, each of 
which countries will he disastrously restricted by the iron- 
clad prohibition. And thus the weary war drags on, and 
limgingly one is made to ask: "Will not peace soon end 
.the unholy struggle?" 

The Religious Situation in Mexico. 
So much emphasis has been placed upon the revolu- 
tionary activities in Mexico, that the religious life of Un- 
people is but little understood. It is generally known, 
perhaps, that the Roman Catholic Church has assumed 
to be the leading factor in the religions affairs of the na- 
tion, but that claim is resented by many Mexicans. It 
is generally admitted also, that the Roman Catholic 
Church is against any system of education conducted 
by the State, and favors the continuation of Catholic 
schools and colleges. This tendency, as well as the close 
alliance of the Roman church with the dictatorial and 
absolute power of the State, has been opposed by the 
people. The loose life of the Catholic clergy in general, 
and the frequent scandals in which one or more priests arc 

missionaries, after the restoration of orderly conditions 
in Mexico, will find that country open for the truth— a 
field white unto the harvest. 

The One Book That Goes Everywhere. 
While irksome restrictions by the various belligerent na- 
tions have seriously interfered with the free and unimpeded 
circulation of the world's literature, the One Book lias 
been given an unconditional "right of way" anywhere. 
Since the beginning of the great struggle, nearly three mil- 
lion copies of the Bible have been distributed to the men 
in the trenches, lo prisoners, to the wounded in hospitals. 
interned civilians and refugees. And what it has meant 
to all these, in the dark days that for many have proved 
to be "the valley of the shadow of death," may never be 
fully known, but if all the facts were recorded, many 
volumes could be filled with the testimonies that fully 
demonstrate the comforting assurances of the Word. It 
is realty astonishing that, amid the tumult and turmoil 
of the European war, the Bible Societies should be mov- 
ing onward even more aggressively in their regular activ- 
ities. In Abyssinia, where Bible distribution was hither- 
to effected under great difficulty, a depository has now 
been established. The 5,000 miles of the great Amazon 
water-system, in South America, are to be traversed by 
a floating Bible House, supplying many with the Sacred 
Word who never before had access to it. The interest 
in the Bible, throughout the world, was never as great as 
just now. More copies of the Scriptures are now sold 
in the Chinese language than in the English tongue. This 
remarkable interest in the Book of books is a most radiant 
harbinger of light amid the gloom of the present world 
situation. When humanity reaches out longing hands for 
the Inspired Word, it means an awakened conscience, 
and there is hope that the Spirit's leading may cause 
many to find the pathway of peace, and to walk therein. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


Stody 10 

::■■," :: 

ysclf unproved umo Corl. n workman <hal nr*dcth 

, llm< l, fi||l>ily <1iv..]n.(t itir ..1 Truth 

Have Faith in God. 

Have faith in God! for lit- who reigns on high 
Hath borne thy grief and hears the suppliant's si| 
Still to his arms, thine only refuge, lly. 

Have faith in Godl 
Fear not to call on him, O soul distressed! 
Thy sorrow's whisper wooes thee to his breast: 
He who is oftenest there is oftenest blesi! 

Have faitli in Godl 
Lean not on Egypt's reeds; slake not thy thirst 
At earthly cisterns. Seek the kingdom first. 
Though man and Satan fight thee with their won 

Have faith in God! 
Go, tell him all I The sigh thy bosom heaves 
Is heard in heaven. Strength and grace he gives 
Who gave himself for thee. Our Jesus lives. 

Have faith in God! 

Concerning the Length of Prayers. 


The publication of my article in the Gospel Mes- 
senger, under the title, " Twenty-five to Thirty-five 
Minutes," in the issue of Dec. 4, 1915, prompted a 
further inquiry to be made of me. I was asked as 
to whether I would not write on the subject of short 
prayers. At the same time I was reminded that 
prayers were being offered that consumed fifteen to 
eighteen minutes of time, and this was considered as 
being too much time for one prayer. 

This seemed to me, too, unusually long, but not 
having, at any time in my Jifc, timed myself, nor any 
one else, I really could not consider myself as being 
ready to decide when a prayer should be considered 
long. But being deeply impressed, by this time, with 
the question (as 1 believe others, who begin the read- 
ing of this article, will be at this point), I concluded 
to look for some Bible references on the subject. 
These, if there were such, certainly would be more 
helpful than anything else, in reaching a conclusion 
in the matter. 

In one instance the account is given where Jesus 
prayed all night. In another we are told how Jacob 
wrestled until the break of day for the blessing. The 
prayer of Jesus, as recorded in John 17, requires 
about four minutes to read. The " Lord's Prayer," 
which may be considered a full and complete prayer 
for at least some occasions, requires only about half 
a minute to offer it. Solomon's great dedication 
prayer can be read in about seven minutes. The read- 
ing of Moses' prayer, for help to deliver Israel, re- 
quires about two minutes. -That concerning the mur- 
murings of Israel, requires only about five minutes in 
its reading, and the entreaty to see Canaan, only about 
one minute. It takes about one minute to read Gid- 
eon's prayer for a sign, etc. Hezekiah's prayer for 
an extension of life can be read in about two min- 
utes. The centurion's prayer for his servant can be 
read in about half a minute. That of the disciples, 
for the deliverance of Peter, takes only about one 

Besides the above there are numbers and numbers of 
prayers recorded that are given in few words. Of 
these I 
on the cross 
should suffic 
question, the 

that of the publican, that of the thief 
and that of the jailer. These, I think, 
in the way of Bible references on the 
igh many more could easily be referred 

I have, for a long while, entertained the thought 
that almost any one of us could make our prayers 
more effectual by couching them in fewer words. I 
believe that a little thought along this line might fully 



meditating on this question a while myself. 
I became so much interested in it that I could not help 
but take some account of the time I myself con- 
sumed in prayer before the audience, where I have 
prayed hundreds and hundreds of times. Indeed, the 
subject became intensely interesting, as I believe it 
will to all others who will think it over a little while. 

While pondering this question, there came to my 
mind a multiplicity of words used in our prayers, that 
to me do not seem to add to the real efficiency. Then 
I remembered that we are told that the " effectual 
fervent prayer " is the one that is commended. I 
remembered, too, that even when but a child, I heard 
the church fathers praying before the assemblies. 
Those were long prayers (though they probably did 
not think them long). Then before concluding they 
would say, " And now, Lord, as we are not beard for 
our multiplicity of words," etc. 

I make this reference to our fathers simply as a 
matter of interest, and not at all as a criticism. Well 
do I remember many of the prayers that I heard in 
childhood. Though seemingly long, they were gener- 
ally offered in great earnestness and sincerity. I be- 
lieve that their prayers were well suited to their day, 
and I think we can safely say, that if we will suit ours 
as well to our day, our praying will be well done. 
The fact that our prayers and services, in a general 
way, are shorter than theirs, is, because in our day it 
is the more effectual way to do in worship. Cer- 
tainly I believe that our brevity in the use of time in 
services, is more edifying to the people of our day, 
than theirs would be, and this causes me to wonder 
how One can pray before an audience for. fifteen or 
eighteen minutes, in our day, and not note the fact 
that what is most needed, is not so much time spent 
in prayer, as it is more time spent in meditation before 
praying, so as to be able to present to the Lord our 
thanksgivings and requests in a way that will, in lew- 
words, reach the desired end with him, and, at the 
same time, be heart-searching to the hearers. Not 
every occasion is alike. Then, why should we not 
meditate much before praying, in order that the Holy 
Spirit may aid us in offering prayers that will best 
meet the demands of the occasion? 

After thinking considerably on the subject, I have 
reached the conclusion that from four to seven min- 
utes, well used in prayer, will not seem long. At the 
same time I am persuaded to believe that most of 
those who lead in prayer,— so far as I have had the 
privilege to hear, — do not occupy more than four or 
five minutes' time. What a fine thing a really in- 
teresting prayer is ! "Why not labor earnestly to make 
our prayers so ? 



Our Duty to Our Schools. 


First let me analyze my subject. To do so, I re- 
state it, putting the emphasis on the pronouns " our," 
i. e., " Our Duty to Our Schools." Let us first take 
up the thought of " our schools." 

I was once in a congregation where certain indif- 
ferent members would comment on the work of the 
church and invariably they would talk about what 
" they " were doing " up there." It sounded so odd. 
I was used to having members speak of what " we " 
are doing. Too many of us seem to feel, with ref- 
erence to our schools, about like those weak members 
felt and talked about the church. We seem to think 
of our schools as belonging to certain trustees or a 
board of management and not to the church, the body 
of Christ, of which we are members. Such is not the 
case. Our schools, — the colleges and Bible schools 
of the Brethren church, — belong to the church, and 
we are all members of that church. Therefore these 
schools belong to us. We ourselves are responsible 
for their workings. 

Each school is located in a certain section of the 
country more or less apart from similar institutions; 
and so each school has, as I understand it, its own 
individual constituency. It naturally looks to the 
members residing in its surrounding territory for sup- 
port, and, in harmony with that situation, I am prob- 
ably safe in assuming that the management of each 
of our schools has seen to it that its individual constit- 
uency, — the congregations and State Districts near- 
est to it, — is represented on the board of directors. 

For example, the writer lives in the territory ad- 
jacent to McPherson College, in one of the near by 
State Districts. Our District, along with nine other 
State Districts, is represented by a trustee on the 

board of directors of our college. So, while Mc- 
pherson College belongs to the whole Brotherhood, 
yet, in a more exclusive sense, she belongs to us, — 
the members which make up the ten State Districts 
which environ the school. She is,- therefore, our 
school. We are responsible for her management, in 
much the same way as I, a parent, am directly re- 
sponsible for a certain girl and boy because they are 
my children. These children belong to the whole 
Slier fy " connection " but, in a more vital sense, they 
belong to us (wife and myself). So, while our 
schools belong to the whole Brotherhood, yet, in a 
very vital sense each school belongs to the members 
residing in the territory adjacent thereto. 

Having established the fact that the Brethren 
schools are our schools and that each of us is directly 
responsible for some certain school, I proceed to ana- 
lyze our duty to our schools. Our duty, I mean. I, 
the writer, am not a schoolman, that is, I am not a 
teacher or student or trustee of any school. I be- 
lieve, therefore, I can bring a message to you, my 
brethren, who, like myself, are not " connected" with 
any school. Of course the trustees and faculties have 
clearly-defined duties, but I am talking now about 
our duties. 

Our schools are here, and here to stay, whether 
we will it so or not. Our children will be educated 
somewhere. The question is not " whether " but 
"where." If in our own institutions of learning, as 
they must be, or else be lost to our own dear church, 
then the question is, What kind of schools are we to 
have for our boys and girls? The question resolves 
itself to just this: We, the members of our church 
must help to run the schools, or the schools will likely 
" run " us. Just as we might say, If the parents fail 
to " raise " the children, the children will eventually 
"raise" the parents. The old theory of keeping 
" hands off " until we are convinced that they will 
make good and do right has been preached too long, 
to the everlasting discredit of some of us. 

To be more specific, what is the nature of our 
duty? First, let us quit our unnecessary criticism. 
Our schools are not perfect, of course, but for us to 
stand off and criticise when they don't do as we'd 
like, reminds me of an old gentleman (childish of 
course) who criticised bis own children very severely. 
I finally said to him: "Say, brother, pray tell me, 
those are your children, are they not ? V He caught 
the inference at once and replied: " You mean to say 
that if my children are not what they should be I've 
nobody to blame but myself?" I assented by just 

My brother, the same principles apply to the 
church and her schools, do they not? What right 
have we, therefore, to criticise so harshly? 

Of course, two wrongs don't make one right. I 
hear Jesus say, " Let him that is without sin first cast 
a stone." Too many of us, who have irregularities 
in our home congregations, such as covetousness. 
pleasure-seeking, worldly conversation, lack of spirit- 
uality, lack of missionary zeal, inconsistencies in 
dress, etc., etc., are too ready to " cast stones " to- 
wards our college churches. I am wondering, after 
all, dear brethren, if we may not logically conclude 
that the spiritual side of our schools is but the re- 
flection of the spiritual life of our churches, which 
are represented by the student body. I would not, 
for all the world, uphold irregularities in our schools. 
God knows we have too many there and everywhere. 
I just plead for brotherly charity. 

Another thing we can do and must do if our schools 
are to continue to live. We can support them in a 
financial way. Here, again, it is not a question of 
whether we like to or not. These schools must com- 
pete with schools run by the State. Of course, laws 
differ in different States, but I am probably within 
the bounds of truth when I say that all our colleges 
must meet certain standards, as regards endowment, 
or go out of business as colleges. And to go out of 
the business is out of the question unless we mean to 
go out of business as a church; for how can we hope 
to maintain a church if we have no place of our own 
to prepare our own missionaries and ministers, to 
say nothing of our other boys and girls? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

There is a third thing we can do. There are some 
things more valuable than money. We can't all 
".pay " but we can all pray. How many of us do 
this? More kneeling and less criticising would help. 
perhaps. Some one 'tells me that our missionaries 
on the field pray for our colleges every day. They 
do it because the recruits they are hourly praying for 
must come from our colleges. At least they all have, 
so far. We all pray for our missionaries (more or 
less). How strange that we should not pray for that 
institution from which our future missionary re- 
cruits shall come ! 

One thing more. Nearly every grade school teach- 
er complains that her patrons do not visit the school 
as they should. 

repeat marks, and words running far ahead of the 
notes is apt to be confusing. The chorister will know 
what I mean. When obliged to attempt the singing 
of such a song for the first time in public, as is often 
the case, the chorister is quite likely to make a failure. 
to his great embarrassment. 

The times are demanding a higher standard for 
the ministry and more efficient teacheFs for the Sun- 
day-school. It will not be long before they will de- 
mand a more careful selection of church music. \\ ill 
we he able to meet the demand? 

Ashland, Ohio. 


iAl lo 

mly understood." 

And how can we " understand " if we never come 
in touch with those whom we should understand? I 
am sure that the schools would ap- 
preciate a few visits from us, as 
well as from the General Education- 
al Board. 

Just this, in closing. No one has 
asked me to write thus. The Lord 
has laid it upon my heart and no 
one can say I have " an ax to grind." 
as they might if a " schoolman " had 
written thus. If our schools need 
it, let us correct them " in the spirit 
of meekness " considering ourselves, 
and remembering that we, too, are 
imperfect. And may we support 
them in such a way as to cause God's 

Church Dedication at Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China. 

The Lord is good, and his ways arc full of peace. 
After several years of toil and prayers, the Lord has 

kingdom to cor 

them ; for they ar 

Abilene, Kans. 

nore thr. 

- schools. 

Music at Our Services. 


We find, in our song books, the 
good, bad and indifferent, — aa ap- 
plied to music, — the same as is 
found in all the other music books 
with which the country is flooded. 
Even among the usually deprecated popular songs of 
the day may be found, here and there, a gem that is 
worthy a place in any home, but we must learn to 
discriminate. Then, too, what is good if sung at one 
time, may be out of place if sung at another time. 

To find the right selections for our services, re- 
quires good judgment. The choristers should take 
special pains to inform themselves as to what is good 
and bad in church music. Nothing is more dis- 
couraging to the minister than to have his best effort, 
in the way of a deep and inspiring sermon, spoiled 
through the bungling efforts of the chorister. 

Now, the lively, spirited Gospel hymn has its place, 
— a place that can be filled by nothing else in the 
church service, at times. So, also in the Christian 
Workers' Meetings, the prayer meeting, etc. 

But why do we neglect, so shamefully, the good 
old hymns in our church services! Grand, dignified 
and beautiful, some have become real classics through 
being sung and loved for generations. How seldom 
are they sung, and how often some of us search our 
song books for some half -remembered favorite, only 
to be disappointed at not finding it. Of course, we 
can not have all the old ones, — no book could hold 
them all, with the new ones we want too, — so here, 
again, we must carefully distinguish between the best 
and the indifferent. The most important work the 
chorister has to do, — providing he has good judg- 
ment, — is to mould the musical taste of his congre- 
gation. This will require considerable tact. 

For the Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
Meetings, let us, by all means, have the newest and 
brightest music to be found. Here the child also 
should become acquainted with some of the best 
hymns, but they must be arranged in a clear, readable 
manner, and not jumbled together, as is the case in 
some of our books, so that one has to stop singing to 
find out just where we are. An overabundance of 

Prayer by all who would take part, singing by the con- 
gregation, a song by the school girls, prayer by Mr. 
Corbin from a neighboring mission, congregational 
singing, a sermon by a Chinese pastor from Peking 
(Mr. Li by name), a responsive service in which the 
pastor led and the' congregation followed. So, to- 
gether, we dedicated the house and rededicated our 
lives to the Lord. Then followed a dedicator)' 
prayer, a song by members of the Boys' School, and 
others, congregational singing and the benediction. 

This, to the writer and all Christians present, con- 
stituted a very sacred service. The people who came 
to look on included all classes,— from the coolies that 
carried the mud in building the place, to our city 
magistrate. All seemed impressed, and we thank the 
Father for this splendid place of worship. 

Today, one week later, we had a fine crowd from 
the cvty again. It certainly appears as though we 
would be having a blessed time with the Lord in this 
place in the future. At the close of 
the dedication, ten applicants were en- 
rolled for membership. Today eleven 
others came, — including five women. 
These, with about twenty already en- 
rolled, make quite a class to teach and 
train, so that next year they may en- 
ter the church as full members. 

We know that the whole church 
at home was praying with us in this 
service, and we are extending our 
thanks to all who have had any part 
in bringing this wonderful blessing to 
the people of this place, either by 
giving of their means, or prayers. 

We have put up, aside of the front 
door, Chinese characters which in- 
terpreted mean, " In Jesus' Name We 
Built This House." May we ever 
worship in Jesus' name, and make the 
house a help to hundreds. 
Ping Ting Hsien, China. 

brought us to a very happy occasion, — the dedication 
of the First Church of the Church of the Brethren 
in China. May we be blessed to dedicate many more! 
Our hearts are full to overflowing when we see the 
worshipers gather in this comfortable house. 

More than a year ago our hearts longed for this meet- 
inghouse. After prayer and long waiting, the funds 
came, and our orders were to go ahead. Our station, 
with the other stations, had been making plans, and 
as soon as we were told to go ahead, we got very 
busy. With about $1,500 we were told to make the 
proper arrangements for services. Without expe- 
rienced architects, we went to work. If the work is 
badly done we must blame ourselves and not an out- 
side architect. 

The building is in the shape of an " L." The main 
building is about twenty-eight by sixty feet in the in- 
side. The side part is about twenty-six feet square. 
Each end of the " L " has a balcony that will seat 
more than a hundred. Since the women and men 
can not be seated together in our services, we are 
planning that one of these balconies, and the part be- 
neath it, shall be used for women only, while the main 
room is for men and boys. 

The belfry and tower add to the beauty of the 
building. In the basement of this tower we have 
placed the hot air furnace. The floor to the church 
is of brick and hence no basement is possible. The 
house is nicely finished, with seats enough for about 
half of the floor space. More seats will be added 

Dec. 12 we held our dedication services. It ap- 
peared to the writer that every one was trying to make 
great one. How our hearts rejoiced 
The Lord gave us a nice day and 

oved the hearts of between 650 and 700 people to 

ime out and hear the service, which was conducted 

the following fashion: General singing, the Lord's 

. National Defense (?). 

There seems to be a little un- 
necessary uneasiness, upon the part 
of many who are opposed to war, in view of the in- 
creasing demand for national defense. It is not my 
purpose to minimize the horrors of war, or to hinder, 
in the least, the propaganda of peace. Rather let me 
fortify the true child of God, in view of the inevitable 
conflict of nations. 

To this end I would have the reader place the di- 
vinely-predicted destiny of nations as the background, 
against which to throw a picture, portraying how the 
individual child of God should live in these troublt- 

That this feeling of uneasiness should cause any 
undue alarm, is most likely due to one of two causes, 
— either too much consideration for man's plans, or 
too little for God's. It is barely possible that there 
are some whose uneasiness is due to both. I venture, 
therefore, to call attention to the subject of national 
defense from these two points of view. 

Starting with God's part first, — and herewith there 
is associated the great subject of prophecy, — history 
written in advance. A knowledge of this is of the 
first importance, in times like these, to hold the child 
of God to his true course, and so to be prepared for 
the worst. One passage among many may here be 
noted,*" We have also a more sure word of prophecy; 
whereunto ye do well to take heed, as unto a light that 
shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn and the 
day star arise in your hearts " (2 Peter 1 : 19). 

Now, what is God's part in the program for this 
age in which we live? It is exactly what man has 
chosen to make it, so, if the program does not look- 
good to you, don't blame God, but blame man. God 
has not ordered the program, — he simply announces 
it. True, God puts on the finishing touch, but even 
this is because man compels him to do so. The last 
end, or God's part, is to destroy the nations of the 
earth. They think to fight against him, but the out- 
come is defeat for the nations, and victory for God. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

That such is the outcome, the Word bears no un- 
certain testimony. So I pass over to man's part in the 

God's triumph over the nations naturally raises the 
question, " Why must the natioDS be destroyed ? " 
I answer this question by asking a few others: "Why 
did God destroy the antediluvian world?" Not be- 
cause God wanted to, but because man made it neces- 
sary. " Why did God scatter the Jewish nation when 
it had already attained to such a high standard of 
excellency?" Not, certainly, because he wished to 
do so, but because the Jew compelled him. "And 
why has any nation, that ever existed, been blotted 
out save one?" For the same inevitable reason as 
stated above. " And will God deal differently with 
any erring nation, yet to be dealt with? " Nay, verily. 

Now, what is the cause of the controversy between 
God and the nations, which leads to their final over- 
throw? The answer is not far afield: Man forsakes 
God's teachings ; he sees approaching danger in con- 
sequence thereof; he lays his plans whereby to meet 
the danger. And with what result? Failure. Does 
God want it so with any nation? No, not even the 
United States. May I, at this point, introduce a few 
questions for my readers to answer at their leisure? 

1. Are there any visible indications that the United 
States is learning the teachings of God? 

2. Is there any real danger threatening her in con- 

when he bade them good-bye, and invoked upon them 
God's blessing and favor. 

At 4: 45, that evening, 319 persons, — some with but 
one leg, some with no arms or but one eye, some en- 
tirely blind, some afflicted with leprosy, and some suf- 
fering other bodily infirmities, were assisted to a hall, 
and given a good meal of turkey, potatoes, soup and 
bread. These also were given a cheering talk by Bro. 
Carmen. Then they were supplied with food for one 
more day, to take with them. Later on Bro. Carmen 
returned to his own work, to take up the duties of the 

sequence thereof? 

3. Are we not now resorting to human plans to meet 

No doubt the reader will find some help in solving 
these questions by a little study, of the various Euro- 
pean nations now at war. When Jesus said that na- 
tions would rise against nations, he did not make any 
exception, — not even the United States. For had it 
been planned to make the United States an exception 
he would, in all probability, have mentioned the fact. 
The United States is in the game of nations against 
nations, and we need but scrutinize the situation to 
verify the truthfulness of divine prophecy concern- 
ing all nations. 

But why do I present this view, which some may 
choose to brand as pessimistic? 

1. Because it is God's statement, concerning the 
course which nations seem determined to follow. 

2. That Christian men may not put too much con- 
fidence in arbitration treaties, The Hague, or even 
a petition to President Wilson. 

3. That we have, first of all, 
individual acceptance with God, which 
will bring a peace that will abide amid the clash of 
martial hosts, the war of cannons, and the crash of 
falling empires. And how long will such a peace 
endure? "Until the day dawn and the day star 
arise in your hearts." 

Preston, Minn. 

Helping Others. 

Keating, Vera Cruz, Mexico, 

Uon should serve as an Incentive to others,— Ed.} 

The recent Christmas season brought joy and glad- 
ness to many hearts. There was great rejoicing 
when sons and daughters returned for the holidays to 
the firesides at home. 

But such was not the privilege of Bro. C. C. Car- 
men. Instead of spending the day in feasting and en- 
joying himself selfishly, he thought of the poor and 
needy at Vera Cruz. Making all arrangements per- 
sonally, he traveled eighty miles to superintend the 
feeding of 241 poor and destitute Americans in Mexi- 
co. He fed them twice with good things, well pre- 
pared and plentiful. Then, too, he gave them simple, 
heart-to-heart talks of encouragement. He pictured to 
them God's great Gift to the world, and what it means 
to us. He reminded his hearers of the many times 
when, in brighter days, they had enjoyed the happy 
season around their own tables. He prayed that the 
time might soon come when the arms of warfare 
would be laid down, so that all might return to their 
own land, live in peace, earn a livelihood, and serve 
the God of Righteousness. There was not a dry eye 

All this was done in honor of the Mothers' Society 
of the Dauphin Street Church of Philadelphia, Pa. 
If one man, single-handed, can do so much in the 
name of the dear Master, what could not an entire 
body of people do if, instead of feasting at home and 
being selfish, they were to reach out to others in a 
helpful way ! 

Surely, Bro. Carmen's unselfish endeavors will not 
soon be forgotten. The words spoken were simple 
and full of love, and will surely bring forth fruit for 
the Master. May we all profit by his noble example! 
Bro. Carmen has learned to speak Spanish quite flu- 
ently, and can do a great work among those who 
speak that language, though most of them are of the 
Roman faith. t t 

What We Must. 

Long ago, during the reign of the autograph album 
craze, a friend penned in mine these words of an old 
English poet: 

" Not what we would, but what we must, 
Make up the sum of living. 
Heaven is both more or less than just - 

In taking and in giving. 
Swords cleave to hands that sought the plow, 
And laurels miss the solder's brow." 

We were not so young, when these words were 
written, that we had not yet outlived our ideal. And, 
with the undaunted faith of youth, we had placed it 
high. No doubt assailed us as to attaining its height, 
and that, too, by our own way of mounting. Shall 
we choose or submit?— had not yet introduced its 
presence upon our self-accomplishment horizon. 
What we must had no place there. It was totally 
eclipsed by what we would. 

There came a time, however, when the must 
emerged from this obscurity. It is needless to de- 
scribe the battle which followed. It has raged, more 
or less fiercely, in every worth while life. Not often 
are we permitted entire choice in our life work. 
More frequently there is the reluctant adjusting of 
ourselves to the inevitable, and the doing, with what 
grace we can, of the thing we simply haye to do. 

The spirit in which this adjusting of ourselves is 
met, determines whether or not the ideal cherished, in 
what we would, shall live and come to its full ma- 
turity. We are slow to appreciate this fact. Here is 
where we lose out. What we must holds within its 
keeping quite as good material, out of which to carve 
our ideal, as the what we would. Blinded by the sor- 
row of disappointment and defeat, we can not see this, 
and so fail to avail ourselves of the means at hand. 
Instead of resolutely attacking the thing confronting 
us, expending our might upon it, we more often mere- 
ly suffer it as a toleration, — an existence, — until some- 
thing better, — something bearing more resemblance to 
the original,' — shall appear. This manner of accept- 
ing the inevitable is fatal to any growth on the part 
of our ideal. The fair dream we had cherished 
gradually becomes dwarfed and stunted, and finally 
loses all likeness to the original. 

Before the first violet looked forth from its leafy 
surroundings, the ideal violet was in the Divine 
Thought. Before we had being there was a plan in 
the mind of the Divine Architect, of what we might 
become. Implanted within us is the conception of 
that plan. Left to our nurture, this could never at- 
tain maturity. So he who created us and knows us 
better than we ourselves do, takes us away from the 
path of our choice, and places our feet on one of his 
own choosing, in this way obliging us to use the capa- 
city and power necessary to bring his ideal and ours. 

to the perfect result planned. This result, in the bud, 
may not stand forth in quite the same form and col- 
oring as the one of which we dreamed, but it is the 
same, nevertheless, — finer, stronger, far more beauti- 
ful and perfect, than that originally designed by our 
o\Vn limited vision. 

Moreover, our Loving Heavenly Father, never yet 
deprived a child of his of anything without putting in 
its place something better than that which he took 
away. Herein is found further encouragement for 
those who must drop the sword to take the plow. 
That, rightly used, means more power in one's hand 
than any conquest made by the sword. If this does 
not prove true in your life and mine, then the fault 
is our own. We are withholding our best from the 
thing that has been given us to do. We can not expect 
the best in return. 

And giving our best is possible only through sub- 
mission — entire self-surrender. Even the Divine Ar- 
chitect can not carve a perfect ideal out of unwilling 
material. " Not my will, but thine be done," is the 
chisel which slowly forms the rough, irregular granite 
of will and desire into the thing of beauty the Master- 
Sculptor would have it be. 

"All things arc possible to God, 

To Christ, the power of God in man, 

To me, when I am all subdued, 
When I in him am born again 

And witness, from my sin set free, 

All things are possible to me." 
Shall we not, then, welcome, rather than shrink 
from, these trials, these disappointments, these handi- 
caps, these unexpected turnings aside, that appear to 
man the end of all we had hoped for or dreamed of? 
Along the pathway, divinely worked out for us, there 
is a boundlessness of possibility, far surpassing the 
narrow enclosure of our own choice of way. It may 
not be ours to wear the laurel of conquest on the bat- 
tlefield, but may it not be ours to wear the crown of 
the hero, who, in the face of apparent defeat, will 
look up into heaven and say, " By thy help I can," 
and, rising in the might of that help, will wrest from 
the hard circumstances surrounding, an ideal from 
which the touch of God's beautifying, ennobling hand, 
is never absent. 
Warren, Ohio. 

Custom and Conventionality. 

BY WM. J. 

In the Mediterranean Sea, in the days of the 
Ancient Greeks, there was a whirlpool named Charyb- 
dis, close to a dangerous rock, called Scylla. In 
passing between them, a ship was very likely to run 
into the one, while trying to avoid the other. -But 
if the helmsman were well trained and very vigilant, 
he could safely steer between them. 

The church today has a similar problem, and one 
which requires our best training and watchfulness to 
solve. The two extremes are custom and convention- 
ality ; between these the church must pass without 
drifting into either. 

Custom consists in doing things just as they have 
been done by those who have preceded us. It is the 
big bugbear and foe of progress in China. There the 
people worship their ancestors and try to do just as 
their fathers have done. But the ancestor worshipers 
are not all in China. When Sunday-schools were 
first proposed in our church, some well-meaning 
brethren opposed them, saying that our fathers did 
not feel the need of Sunday-schools, and that, there- 
fore, we should not conduct them. Foreign missions 
were opposed at first, not because there was no com- 
mand to go, but because it had not been the custom of 
the church to send missionaries. Look about you, 
and perhaps you can find some even now, who are 
hanging to certain methods, simply because they have 
always done that way. 

On the other hand, conventionalities are those things 
which we do merely because others do them. The 
fashions, fads and other crazes are forms of con- 
ventionality. The Children of Israel were in the 
clutches of conventionality when they asked for a 
king that they might be like other nations. Some 
brethren and sisters today wish to get away from the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


principles of simplicity, the prayer covering, non- 
secrecy and other commandments, so that they may 
be like other people. 

Now it is clear to the reader that we should be 
guided neither by custom nor by conventionality. In 
passing upon a doctrine or policy, let us not ask 
whether it accords with the " good old ways," nor 
whether it is up to date ; but let us ask whether it is 
scriptural, just, or helpful in the Christian life. 

To be sure, there may be a good reason for keeping 
the customs of our fathers. If this be the case, let 
us, by all means, hang on to them. Likewise, if 
there be a good reason for resembling our neighbors, 
let us not be afraid to do that. But let us choose our 
course of action not merely because it is customary 
or conventional, but because it is scriptural and right. 

Shideler, Ind. 

Bible Institute at McPhe 


The Bible Institute has become a feature of the 
activities of McPherson College, to the extent that it 
is taken for granted that in January of each year such 
a gathering shall be held, whether any early 
ments of it are made or not. 

The Institute of 1916 has just closed. It lasted for 
one week only, but the program was so full and so 
stirring that those who attended it pronounce it " the 
best yet." And so it was. Method, power and in- 
spiration are said to be the three big results of such 
an Institute, and the greatest of these is inspiration. 
And that is what those attending are going to feel, for 
n long time. Experiences that stir the soul to its 
depths, clear down until the sand on the bottom is 
disturbed, are not easily forgotten. 

Work was conducted daily by Dr. Kurtz in Sunday- 
school problems, and by Dr. Culler in the Book of 
Revelation. Other home talent also contributed to 
the success of the program. As a result of a "Con- 
ference on Peace," conducted by Bro. J. J. Yoder, 
resolutions were drafted, and copies sent to our* 
Representatives in Congress, protesting against in- 
creased armaments and compulsory military training 
in America, and against the shipment of munitions of 
war to the countries of Europe now at war. The Gov- 
ernor of Kansas is a peace advocate and he is to be 
informed also of our attitude. 

But the biggest force in our program was Bro. 
Galen B. Royer, of the General Mission Board. He 
conducted class work daily on " Missions," and " The 
Disciples Before and After Pentecost." Bro. Royer 
has the happy faculty of aptly applying the truth of 
conditions in New Testament times" to conditions in 
the world today, and with such force and power that 
the truth sticks. 

But Bro. Royer gave two lectures on his travels in 
the Orient that are to he classed with the best to be 
heard anywhere on such subjects. His trip thrqugh 
Russia and the ascent of Mt. Ararat, was the subject 
of one, and his trip into Persia, the other. In these 
he told us of things he dared to do that class him with 
the most daring of explorers. For an hour and a half, 
each evening, he held his audience, and sent them 
out with deeper purposes and resolutions to endure 
hardships as good soldiers for Christ's sake. 

On the morning of Saturday he made an appeal to 
the students, especially, to look toward the foreign 
field for an opportunity to invest their lives where they 
will count for something large, in the working out of 
the problems of humanity. In the class of College 
Seniors, this year, there are some who are thinking 
seriously of the field, and the home church is certainly 
getting ready to pledge the support of additional 
workers. Brother and Sister Crumpacker in China, 
now about to return to the States, are kept in the 
field by the State District in which McPherson Col- 
lege is located, and the contributions for their sup- 
port are already above the amount needed. Other 
workers must be found and supported by the Dis- 

The Institute closed on Sunday evening, Jan. 23, 
with a mighty missionary sermon by Bro. Royer, 
and an offering for the World-wide Fund of over 

The attendance at the Institute from outside church- 
es ran above one hundred. Some churches sent their 
preacher. Some sent their Sunday-school superin- 
tendent as a delegate. This is as it should be. There 
will be others doing the same thing next year. 

escape the war and the necessity of taking up arms 
against their fellow-men. 

What a pity that the descendants of these good 
people were not able to stand firm in the faith of their 
fathers, adapting themselves to the changing con- 
ditions in life, and perpetuating the principles of the 
Gospel of Peace at Blooming Grove! 

Davidsville, Pa. 

One afternoon session was devoted to the cause of 
Christian education. With the tidal wave of sentiment 
for education in our own schools running high, 
in this part of the Brotherhood, dozens of people in 
the meeting pledged themselves to help in doubling 
the attendance in our College next year. Our own 
young people rightfully belong to the church and 
must be inspired with the vision of doing a full man's 
share of helping the Church of the Brethren to do 
all that God wills she shall do in bringing the world 
to the feet of the Master. 

McPherson, Kansas. 

An Old Landmark. 

Blooming Grove Dunkard Church. 
Erected 1828. 

This name and date, painted on a small board, is 
placed over the entrance of an old log church in Ly- 
coming County, Pa. The church building is thirty 
by thirty-six feet, and is built of the very best, hewn 
white .pine logs. The spaces between the logs are 
closed with mortar, very neatly and smoothly finished. 
The building is well cared for and is in good repair. 

The seats are made of white pine plank, fourteen 
inches wide, without backs, and are placed in four 
groups, — one in each of the four corners of.the house, 
so arranged as to face the speaker, who was stationed 
near the center of the room. A small stand, about 
two feet square, marks the position the speaker oc- 

The main aisle extends from the door through the 
middle of the room, up to the place where the speak- 
er's stand is placed. Just in front of the stand, short 
aisles extend in opposite directions, at right angles to 
the main aisle. In these are two old wood stoves of 
ancient design. 

The short aisles, .with the main aisle, form a perfect 
cross, dividing the room into four distinct sections. 

Here, in this house, nearly a century old, were many 
Gospel sermons preached with earnestness and zeal, 
that gave the simple truth a power for good, but the 
activities and events of the time and place have gone 
into history, and can be recalled by only a few. For 
a number of years no preaching has been done here. 

The older brethren so strenuously opposed the 
aggressiveness of the times, such as education and 
the use of more modern methods in industry' and 
economy and the work of the church, that they fell be- 
hind in the race set before them. For a time they 
labored, as did the Old Order Brethren, until finally, 
one by one, they were laid to rest in the cemetery near 
by, and only a very few aged members remain. 

The generations that followed united with other de- 
nominations, but they still hold the old log church and 
its surroundings as the most sacred place in the com- 
munity. They speak of our Church of the Brethren 
in highest terms and consider her members as living 
examples of Christian principle in truthfulness and 
honesty, and as being the best citizens the community 


A few of the old headstones in the cemetery have 
neither names nor dates. The oldest birth dates are 
1764. Christian Heim and his wife, Elizabeth, date 
back to this year. Leonard Ulmer was also born that 
year; his wife a few years later. Among others are 
Leonhardt Staiger and wife, John C. Keiss and wife, 
Gottlieb Heim and Jacob Heim. 

These were all young people in the stirring times 
of the American Revolution and, no doubt, left South- 
eastern Pennsylvania with their parents, in order to 

Report of President of Mount Morris College. 

I 'res id cut Itorml of Trustees,] 

To the Trustees of Mount Morris College, Greetings:— 

The past year has been one of new experiences for those 
in whose keeping Mount Morris College has been placed. 
Perhaps never before, in the history of the school, has so 
great a change taken place in the faculty and direct man- 
agement as last year, when six strong men, including tlic 
President and Business Manager, who had all been close- 
ly connected with the institution for a number of years, 
stepped out, and it became necessary to fill up these va- 
cancies with new men. 

It fell to the lot of those in charge to fill, in all, ten va- 
cancies on the Faculty. This alone was a big job, — at 
least if it were to be done well. We are told that when- 
ever the Lord needs a man, he prepares one for the place, 
and we thoroughly believe that the Lord had our prob- 
lems in mind for some years, and had raised up men and 
women who were just ready for the work when the open- 
ing presented itself, for, of the ten positions on the fac- 
ulty, which it became necessary to till, eight were tilled 
by members of the Church of the Brethren. Of these 
eight, four arc ministers of the Gospel. As to the stand- 
ard of scholarship, represented by this new faculty, we 
may say that never before, in the history of the institu- 
tion, has it ranked as high as during the present school- 
year. There are now represented, on the faculty, gradu- 
ate degrees from six of the largest and best universities in 
our country, namely, universities of Michigan, Ohio, Illi- 
nois, Chicago, Smith's and Johns Hopkins. The decid- 
ing factor, in the securing of new teachers, is that of high 
grade Christian scholarship. 

The faculty has worked together very harmoniously, 
and the feeling of good will and fellowship prevails 
throughout the student body in a remarkable manner. 
Also, through the genial influence of our excellent Busi- 
ness Manager, Bro. West, a feeling, akin to that of sympa- 
thy, exists, between the College and the citizens of tin- 

In regard to the number of students enrolled this year. 



seen event should take place, we shall have a record year 
in attendance. Then, also, when we consider that we now 
have a permanent field worker, a united faculty, a boosting 
student body, a sympathetic town, and a loyal, energetic 
Board of Trustees, we believe that we are not foolishly 
optimistic, but that the outlook for Mount Morris Col- 
lege should be gratifying to those who love her. 

In regard to the matter of athletics, we may say that, 
at the suggestion- of your Executive Committee, a re- 
trenchment policy has been adopted. We have entirely 
eliminated football, and have limited the number of bas- 
ketball games for each season. Instead of having highly- 
specialized athletics for the few. it is our policy to en- 
courage all students thoroughly to exercise so that they 
may develop symmetrically. 

The catalogue is now in the process of revision and en- 
largement. The revision will be complete and, since many 
of our students arc looking forward to teaching, a Nor- 
mal Department will probably be added. 

Now let us look at the school and her future from a 
larger viewpoint. The time is not far distant when Mount 
Morris College will have to devote the major part of her 
time and interest to two of its departments. These de- 
partments arc: The College of Liberal Arts, and the De- 
partment of Agriculture. The College of Liberal Arts, at 
present, receives full credit from some of the best State 
Universities, but the North Central Association of Col- 
leges requires a minimum endowment of at least $200,000, 
to be ranked as a first-class institution. All the other re- 
quirements can easily be met, to put us in this front line 
position as an educational institution of our country. This 
$200,000 endowment campaign should be our objective 
until this amount is raised. Our young people are the 
cleanest and best in the country and we owe it to them 
that the education which we offer here be not second to 
that offered by any other institution. 

The second department in which Mount Morris College 
has made rapid strides, and in which lies the solution of 
one of the great problems of the Church of the Brethren 
today, is the Agricultural Department, Our church is pe- 
culiarly a rural church, at least it has been, is now, and the 
(Concluded on Pag* 93.) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


Lodge Tragedies. 


The press continues to chronicle most painful 
lodge tragedies. We quote as follows: "Austin, 
Tex., Hec. 25, 1915.— Secret orders were held re- 
sponsible for the injury inflicted on Neophytes during 
initiation, in the ruling by the Texas Supreme Court, 
ordering the Grand Temple and Tabernacle, Knights 
and Daughters of Tabor, to pay $12,000 damages, 
awarded Smith Johnson by a lower court I for per- 
manent injuries alleged to have been inflicted while 
lie was being initiated into a lodge of the order. Ac- 
cording lo the evidence in the case, Johnson tripped, 
and the blade of a sword entered his body. The or- 
der contended that the ritual did not specify that the 
officiating officer should wear a sword, and that if 
he did so he was individually responsible." But de- 
spile iheir plea, the higher court reaffirmed the de- 
cision of the lower court. 

Here is another case; "Dubois, Pa. — Thomas 
Leon Reed, twenty-one years old, is dead at his home 
at Olanta, Clearfield County, as the result of an 
accident, sustained while being initiated into the mys- 
teries of a secret order. Reed, a strapping six-footer, 
was the last of nine candidates to be initiated into 
a side degree of the order. When it came his turn to 
take the degree of the order, he was required to walk 
blindfolded, on a narrow plank, at the end of which 
he was to jump off into a blanket, held by members 
of the order. After that he was tossed into the air 
several times. In falling into the blanket, young 
Reed, after being tossed up the third time, struck 
on bis head and broke his neck. He was taken to his 
home at once, and died two days later. A coroner's 
jury gave a verdict of accidental death, and the mem- 
bers of the order were exonerated." — North- Ameri- 
can. Philadelphia, Pa.. No:: 8, /p/jj. 

Sorrow and woe are brought on homes by the car- 
nage of Ihe battlefield, but what shall we say as to the 
grief that came to the foregoing families by the sud- 
den death in a lodge room? It is all so vain, foolish 
and wicked. 

Our courts arc so honeycombed with secret orders 
that it is rare for any court to place the verdict of 
guilty on a secret order. Thai makes it all the more 

Covington, Ohio. 

Three Against Five. 

ting telephone system 
bad been installed. Every turn and connection had 
been made with dexterous nicety. High grade 
'phones, one, two, three, four, live, six. seven, eight, 
were all properly tested and properly attached to the 
cable. There, in the corner, stood the proper num- 
ber of batteries, connected into the circuits. But, in 
spite of all the outward splendor of nicely, the plant 
would not work, or worked very feebly. What could 
be done? There must be Something wrong on the in- 
side, and this is always hard to discover. For hours 
we puzzled our weary brains, wondering what to do 
next. We diagrammed, we excommunicated (dis- 
connected), we tested in Ibis direction and in thai. 
and were about to give up when we found the trouble. 
The brother exclaimed. "Well, what a little thing! 
Why did we not see that at once? " Just some of the 
wires were connected wrong at central energy, that's 
all. Three batteries were working against live, leav- 
ing two to do the work that eight should have done 
when all pull in the same direction. No wonder the 

five, in connecting with central energy? Jesus prayed 
for unity (John IT: 11. 21. 22, 23). that the world 
might believe the Father had sent him. 
3,146 W. Van Bttren Street, Chicago, III. 


Side Lights. 

It was my province, recently, to address a Con- 
ference of Lutheran ministers. I went in good time, 
so that I could attend a considerable portion of the 
morning session. Several things impressed me as 
worthy of comment and emulation. First there was 
a good attendance. Every minister of the Synod made 
it a special point to be present on time. Those who 
were delained. made it their business to send, by 
special post, the reason for their non-appearance. 
Those who bad to absent themselves during a sub- 
sequent session, asked for " leave of absence " and 
gave their reasons. 

Another impressive feature was the carefully-pre- 
pared reports on assigned topics. We may well em- 
phasize both the word "prepared" and "carefully." 
Throughout the discussions was manifest a third im- 
pressive feature. This was loyalty to Ltitheranism. 
Short shift was made of any manifestations of dis- 
loyalty to special Lutheran features- or traditions. 
After all, the value of a minister's service to a par- 
ticular church is measured by his loyalty to the ac- 
cepted tenets and traditions of his denomination. The 
intense devotional attitude, during the time of the 
reading of Scripture and prayer, was also a marked 

With all the above features I found a spirit of 
courtesy to others. No word of criticism of other 
churches, practices or doctrines, was heard in all the 
discussions. If there is anything worthy of emu- 
lation, let us think of these things. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

And do you know ihat these little ihitigs are the 
very hardest things to locate? They are not upon the 
surface. Efficient work will not be done (ill correc- 
tion is made. Smashing the plant will not avail. 
Anger will not correct it. It takes the most careful 
planning and most exact experiment to locate the 
trouble. Do we slop to think of the damper on ef- 
ficiency in the soul, in the home, in the church, in 
society, where five are against three, or three against 

A Bad Oversight. 

We have near us a building which is particularly 
interesting as you view it from the street, but today, 
as 1 stood looking out of my window, I saw the in- 
Icresting building from a new angle and it has losl 
ils interest. The material of which I thought it was 
constructed is only a facing. The real building is 
decidedly poor, both as to material and workmanship. 
I bad a chance to look at the building as God looks 
at us, and I was deeply impressed with the lesson. 

Arc we not inclined, in our Christian life, to lay 
too much stress on our appearance from the street, 
and lose sight of the fact that God is looking at us 
from the window of reality? What a very bad im- 
pression our Heavenly Father must sometimes get! 

with such patience and love. 

Christianity should ha\c a \ital meaning to each fit" 
us. -Not what my brother's life is but my own life. 
Am I really a CHRISTIAN? Jesus says, " Come," 
but follows this with the no less impressive, " Go." 
Coming home to ourselves, — we are called to service. 
Our religion is the imperial religion and we arc the 
,'inilinssadors. If the god of business demands ef- 
ficiency of his followers, shall we not learn a lesson 
on the absolute necessity of Christian efficiency in 
our work for the Master? 

Righteousness is the basic need. God is anxious to 
supply us, and the Holy Spirit stands ready lo assist 
us in our approach to the Father. May we not silent- 
ly bow our heads and earnestly ask for a blessing thai 
will be so rich and complete as In make us a reality 
in Christ Jesus? 

541 Lexington Avenue, New York. 

The Keynote. 

" Behold, to obey is belter than sacrifice, and lo 
en than the fat of rams" (1 Sam. 15: 22). 

Obedience is required by God of everyone, 
every necessary thing will follow in its train 
us strike the keynote of our spiritual life; let it 

loud and long. Listen : " Thou shalt love the Lord 
thy Gnd with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and 
with all thy strength, and with all thy mind ; and thy 
neighbor as thyself. . . . This do, and thou shalt 
live " (Luke 10: 27-28). If we give love to God and 
love to man right expression, we will fulfill the whole 
law of God. " On these two commandments hang 
all the law and the prophets." 

Counterfeit money is sometimes put into circu- 
lation. It may look all right, but it does not ring true. 
There is something lacking. The person who profess- 
es to be a Christian and ts unfaithful in one thing, 
will be found wanting at the testing time. Listen: 
" For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet 
offend in one point, he is guilty of all" (James 2: 
10). Let each one of us give the note, — love to God 
and man, — right expression in our lives. Let us keep 
it sounding loudly every day. Life is the thing money 
can not buy, but the richest and the poorest may have 
it on the terms of the Gospel. Obedience to God is 
better than millions of dollars without it. 

R. D. 2, Ashland, Ohio. 


Lesson for February 13, 1916. 

Subject.— Humbled and Exalted.— Philpp. 2: 1-11. 

Golden Text— For ye know the grace of our Lord Je- 
sus Christ, that, though he was rich, yet for your sakes 
lie became poor, that ye through his poverty might be- 
come rich.— 2 Cor. 8: 9. 

Time.— A. D. 61 or 62. 


Adoniram Judson (1788-1850). 

1 Tim. 4: 12-16. 
For Sunday-Evening, February 13, 1916. 

1. Birthplace.— Maiden, Mass. 

2. Early Life.— (1) Read at age of three. (2) Active 
and pushing. (3) Struggled with infidelity. (4) Became 
■a Christian in 1808. 

3. Ordained as a Missionary Feb. 5, 1812.— (1) Arrived 
in Bunnah in 1813. (2) Moved to Ava in 1824. 

4. War Between Burmah and England.— ludson and five 
others in prison. 

5. Buried at Sea April 12, 1850. 

6. Oration.—" Push,— in Missionary Work." 


" Joy Unspeakable." 

1 Peter 1; 8; Study Philpp. 4: 4-13. 
For Week Beginning February 13, 1916. 

1. The Christian May Well Abound in Joy.— The out- 
standing characteristic of the early Christians was the new 
and abounding joy that possessed them. Their meetings, 
even when in secret caves and catacombs, were outpourings 
of joy and seasons of praise. The fragments of the earliest 
hymns that have come down to us are all joy-songs. The 
text-of our lesson, 1 Peter 1: 8, is an outburst of joy, and 
gives the rational grounds of the Christian's gladness. A" 
Christian may well be happy because, whatever trials he 
may have to endure, he is sustained and kept inviolate 
by the power of God. The secret of his joy is found in 
his absolute assurance that God is with him (Rom. 5: 2, 
11; Thilpp. 3: 1; 1 Thess. 5: 16; 1 Peter 4: 13; Eph. 1: 3; 

1 Peter 2: 9). 

2. The Winning Power of Joy. — It was the sincere joy- 
m.sness of the early Christians that attracted the non- 
Christian world. Of this there is ample testimony in the 
beginning of Christianity in Rome. The first manifesta- 
tion of conversion, which the ancient Roman witnessed 
among hi* Christian neighbors, was a radiant joyonsness, 
a triumphant victory over the ills of earth. This sunny 
disposition, this certitude that all things work together for 
good to those that love the Lord, won many- to the new 
faith (Psa. 2: 11; S: 11; 33: 21; 89: 15, 16: 97: 11', 12; 126: 
5,6; Isa. 25: 9). 

3. Why Not Spread the Gospel of Joy? — True, it may 
be hard sometimes, and yet there is every reason why the 
Christian should radiate joy to all whom he meets. On 
the eve of his crucifixion, when the clouds were black and 
threatening, Je^us comforted his disciples with the ever 
memorable words " Let not your hearts be troubled." 
Joy lightens every care and gives the heart renewed cour- 
age for all its tasks (Psa. 9: 2; 16: 5, 6. 8, 9, 11; 20: 5; 
28: 7; 30: 5; 32: 11; 40: 16; 51: 8, 12; 68: 3; Heb. 3: 18). 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


Leaning Upon the Beloved. 





in his heart, 

Forms a 



f sweetest uni 

Neither life n 

r death can p 

If we ca 

St or 

rselves upon him 

He as 



of his grace. 

Irl our [ 

He w 
When w 

1 mi 

JS face to face 
the dark valle 




must go alone 

All our 



must here for 

As we 



e last sad moa 

Then th 

e blc 


d Savior meets 


us i 


s loving arms. 

We can 



safely on him, 

And h 

e sh 


s from all alar 

U'luMi the 


And the saints are gathered hom 
As they walk the golden pavement 

Leading to the great white dome 
They still lean upon the Savior, 

In affection fond and true, 
For by his great love and mercy 

He has- brought them safely thn 
lid. i} ".l-urg, Pa. 

God and the Child. 

Number Four. 
" God setteth the solitary in families." The soli- 
tary are the lonely ones, and there can be none more 
sadly lonely than those who are forsaken by father 
and mother,— none more heart-sick in its loneliness 
than the child that is old enough to realize its for- 
saken condition. The best promise that God himself 
could give, to the lonely ones, was, that they should 
be set in" families. In devoting time and means to 

it is well to secure for it the home as permanently as 
it can be done, so that it can take root and grow just 
as if it had been born into the home. 

In the family of God there was but one Son, and 
the Father wished to have more children, and the 
Son wished to have brothers. The Father made 
a supreme sacrifice, the Son suffered everything, so 
that the poor, frail sons and daughters of men might 
be adopted into the heavenly family. Now, whoso- 
ever will may liave that high privilege. Not all who 
accept this adoption are just such children as the 
Father and the Elder Brother wish them to be, and 
ilisnhedient children sometimes cause sadness even 
in the family of heaven. And yet the merciful Fath- 
er does not hesitate to adopt all who come to him. He 
loves them, he admonishes them, he blesses them, he 
chastises them, and labors with them long and pa- 
tiently, to train them up in the way they should go. 

So. likewise, when his children have this Divine 
Example before them, and the love of God in their 
.heart, they will love all his creatures, and they open 
their heart and their home to a little homeless one, — 
when they " take one such child in his name,'.' — they do 
not hesitate to take it for life, for better or for worse, 
to adopt it permanently into their family and to give 
it their name. Then it becomes their child in reality, 
in the eyes of the law, just the same as if it had been 
born to them. 

When parents are thus bound to the child, they have 
every inducement to love it and to cherish it, and 
patiently to train it up in the way it should go. They 
know that as they rear it, so it will be, for time and 
for eternity. 

The child soon realizes that this is its true and per- 
manent home, that it will not be pushed off for a 
trifling offense, but that, as it helps to make the home, 
so will the home be. It takes root and develops. It 
has been set in a family for life. 

Enid, Okla. 

from their wretched con- 
in families where, happily, 
efulness; God's children arc 
ork he wishes to have clone 

the rescuing of child 
dition, and setting the 
they may be saved for 
only helping him in the 
here on earth. 

The family was instituted in the infancy of the race 
for the rearing of the human offspring, and he who 
knows all the needs of his creatures knew that it re- 
quired the united effort of father and mother to make 
the home the very best for the development of the 
child. 'Man has made the Orphan Home, but it is as 
inferior to the true family home as a nursery for the 
child, as man is inferior to the great Creator. The 
man-made institution can give food and clothes and 
education, but it can not give that love whiclr is the 
life-giving atmosphere to the child. 

When either sin or death has robbed a child of its 
natural protectors, it is a pitiable object, and the best 
that can be done is to take God's plan and set it in 
a family. There are more childless families in our 
land than there are homeless children, and our work is 
to find the proper home, that, through the grace of God, 
will open its door and its heart, and admit the home- 
less one. If we had sufficient wisdom always to place 
the child into the home where it would fit perfectly, 
there would be little left to do. But in our human 
shortsightedness we can not always tell, and all that 
is to be done is to give them the test of time, to learn 
whether or not the family and the child will adapt 
themselves to each other. 

" Cod setteth the solitary." He places them there 
to stay. When we set a tree in the orchard, we expect 
it to romain there, to take root and to be a permanent 
fixture. So, too, when once time has proved that 
the child has found its proper home, and that the love 
of the parents reaches out and binds it to themselves. 



I at sales, |2. 

A yc:ir,'$2!V:!>. 


niufciiiK us ., | n( r the year. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Official Orgun of the Churoli of the Bt«tbr«n. 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 

publishing agent general mission board. 

Correspond In ff Editors. 
,augh, Huntingdon, Pa, 

Advisory Committee. 


Bro. B. J. Bashor, recently of New Market, low- 
has changed his address to Bedford, same State. 

Bro., M. Alva Long, now of Glasston, Montana, 
expects to move to Weiser, Idaho, early this spring. 

Bro. Amos Kuhns is to begin a series of meetings 
in the Heidelberg house, Tulpehocken congregation, 
Pa., Feb. 13. 

Six confessed Christ in the Chiques congregation, 
Pa., during the revival effort in charge of Bro. 
Michael Kurtz. 

Bro. H. C. Early was scheduled to deliver a series 
of sermons and lectures, this week, at the Daleville 
College Bible Institute. 

Twelve were buried with Girist in baptism during 
the efficient labors of Bro. George Deardorff in the 
West Marion congregation, Ind. 

Bro. Wm. L. Hatcher, of Summitville, Ind., has 
arranged to be with the Nettle Creek church, same 
State, in a series of meetings Feb. 5. 

Bro. T. T. Myers, of Juniata College, who has 
had a long siege of severe illness, is now reported as 
making more rapid progress toward recovery. 

By the middle of last week the number of confes- 
sions in the revival, in progress at Huntingdon, Pa., 
was about forty, — most of these being heads of fam- 

Bro. John W. Myer, of Lancaster, Pa., closed his 
revival effort in the Lebanon church, same State, Jan. 
23. Five came out on the Lord's side, and two were 

Beginning Feb. 20, Bro. Paul Bowman, president 
of Blue Ridge College, Md., is to begin a Bible Term 
in the Westminster house, same State, continuing for 

Bro. Arthur L. Sellers, of Bryant, Ohio, at pres- 
ent attending Bethany Bible School, visited the Pub- 
lishing House last Monday, accompanied by his wife, 
and gave the Messenger office a short call. 

The members at Elkhart, Ind., are having good 
success with their Chinese Sunday-school, which was 
organized about a year ago. Several were recently 
baptized and others are very near the Kingdom. 

Bro. Wm. L. Hatcher labored most effectually for 
the Arcadia church, Ind., in a recent revival. Eight, 
— all of them Sunday-school pupils in the bloom of 
youth, — turned their feefunto the testimonies of the 

A final report of the meetings, held by Bro. S. S. 
Neher, of Twin Falls, Ida., for the members of the 
East Wenatchee church, Wash., announces that 
eleven came out on the Lord's side and that many oth- 
ers are deeply impressed. 


The District Meeting of the Middle District of 
Maryland is to be held in the Pleasant View congrega- 
tion April 20. Elders' Meeting and organization 
April 19, at 1 P. M. 

Members of the Conference Location Coi 
for the Middle Western District will please note ca 
fully the request made by Bro. M. J. Mishler, Sec 
tary, in his notice on last page. 

During the recent revival effort of Bro. Rufus 
Bucher, of Mechanic Grove, Pa., in behalf of the West 
Conestoga church, same State, five pledged them- 
selves to follow Jesus in all his ways. 

Bro. W. R. Miller, during his stay with the 
bers at Sunnyside, Wash., gave them not only a 
of revival sermons, but also his course of illu< 
lectures on the Bible Lands. Eleven turned 
Lord and two were restored. 

Sisters Senger and Rider, missionaries to China, 
are now out on the broad Pacific, having sailed front 
Seattle, Tuesday, Jan. 25. The prayers of the church 
will follow them. See further notice of their de- 
parture by Sister Eby on last page. 

Tf any readers of the Messenger contemplate teach- 
ing in the public schools of Florida, next winter, they 
might find it to their advantage to communicate with 
Bro. J. N. Overhultz, of Keuka, that State, who is 
acquainted with conditions and prepared to give help- 
ful information. 

The New Ideas Magazine is publishing each month 
the evangelistic sermons of Bro. J. H. Cassady. By 
special arrangement you may get this magazine for 
one year for ten cents, by sending your name and ad- 
dress to Bro. Cassady, Huntingdon, Pa. Each num- 
ber contains a sermon. 

Bro. Andrew Hutchison, of Lordsburg, Cal., 
asks his many friends, who so kindly remembered his 
recent eightieth birthday anniversary, to excuse him 
from making personal acknowledgment. He would 
assure them, in this general way, that their thought- 
fulness is very much appreciated. 

The Committee on Reorganization of our Church 
Boards and Committees held a meeting at the Pub- 
lishing House Jan. 26. The committee is composed 
.of the following brethren: G. W. Lentz, Galen B. 
Royer, J. H. Longenecker, D. H. Zigler, and Manly 
Deeter. We hope to present, in due time, to the read- 
ers of the Messenger, the result of their deliberations. 

The recent annual meeting of the Board of Trustees 
of McPherson College appears to have been un- 
usually enthusiastic. The report of President Kurtz 
showed marked progress along all lines of the school's 
activities. Sunday, June 18, was voted " Education 
Day " in the territory of the school. Sermons will be 
preached on education on this day, and educational 
programs will be given in the Christian Workers' 
Meetings. The idea is a good one and should be en- 

Bro. D. B. Gibson, of Girard, 111., though feeble by 
reason of his almost fourscore years and an attack 
of la grippe, writes to urge the Brethren with voice 
and vote to help the cause of peace. He says, " I 
view it as our duty as well as a privilege to add our 
influence to all great moral uplifts to society." He 
would have the church, and nations as well, take to 
heart the comforting words of Peter in the thirteenth 
verse of the third chapter of his first letter: " Who is 
he that will harm you if ye be followers of that which 

ter, — the correspondent for a 
flourishing congregation in Pennsylvania,— closes her 
communication with this postscript : " You can omit 
part of the above if, in your opinion, it is too lengthy." 
The sister has, doubtless, at least some appreciation 
of the perplexities confronting the editorial depart- 
ment at times. Quite often the condensing process is 
simply imperative, and it is reassuring to know that, 
— as in the case of the sister referred to, — our con- 
tributors are fully cognizant of the exigencies that oc- 
casionally compel needed abridgments. 

Bro. J. F. Swallow, R. D. 5, Hampton, Iowa, ex- 
pects to spend the coming summer in the evangelistic 
field. Those desiring his services in a series of meet- 
ings, will please address him at their earliest con- 
venience. Bro. Swallow expects to be in attendance 
at Bethany Bible School the coming fall. 

A good brother, who knows whereof he speaks, sug- 
gests to his fellow-ministers that the best interests of 
the flocks can not be conserved by " spending too 
much time on the wing." It may, perhaps, be advis- 
able to do some serious thinking along the line sug- 
gested, because in many cases the condition alluded to 
is not a mere theory but an actual fact. 

Frequently we are told that this or that man is 
sure to be a good worker for the Lord because he is 
" a good mixer," and yet we are impressed with the 
importance of being extremely careful in this matter of 
"mixing." The people with whom we mix, and our 
manner of doing it, are well worthy of serious 
thought. " Let your light so shine." 

The interest and attendance, throughout the recent 
revival meetings in the Covina church, Cal., con- 
ducted by Bro. Isaac Frantz, is said to have been re- 
markable, considering the rainy weather. Ten were 
baptized and one reclaimed. Three others came for- 
ward who have not been received into fellowship. 
The results are attributed to the hearty cooperation of 
the church and evangelist. 

As will be noted by the sudden increase in our obit- 
uary notices, the hand of death, — that knocks at the 
cottage as well as the palace with an impartial hand, — 
has beckoned to quite a number of our dear members. 
Everywhere bleeding hearts are mourning the loss of 
loved ones, and we can but point the sorrowing ones 
to the One who is able to soothe the anguish of every 
sorelv bereaved heart. 

The members in the Oak Grove part of the English 
Prairie congregation, Ind., have been greatly re- 
freshed by their recent series of meetings, which be- 
gan on Christmas evening. Bro. S. J. Burger con- 
ducted the services during the first week, followed by 
Bro. I. S. Burns, of Topeka, same State, in a three 
weeks' effort. Seven were received by confession and 
baptism, and one awaits the rite. 

Bro. J. S. Geiser, of Froid, Mont., formerly of 
Baltimore, seems to be enjoying life in the Northwest, ' 
in spite of more snow and lower temperatures than he 
had ever seen. Recently the mercury dropped to fifty- 
five below zero but this, without the humidity of the 
East, is not so terrible as it sounds. Bro. Geiser has 
recently passed the examination under the Montana 
State Dental Board, and is now entitled to practice 
dentistry in that State. 

Our churches have been warned so often against 
allowing themselves to be made victims of fraudulent 
-money- raising schemes that it should not be necessary 
to say more on this subject. A brother writes of a 
man going around with a hard-luck story, and a copy 
of his mother's will, according to which the congre- 
gation which loans him certain funds which he needs 
temporarily, will become a beneficiary of the will. We 
shall not give the details. If this general notice is 
not sufficient, it may be that any church which gets 
caught in this trap really needs the education. 

So many drafts have -been made upon our poor 
fund,— by which the Messenger is supplied to those 
of our members who are unable to pay for it, — that 
the resources are about exhausted. We are quite 
sure that we need but mention the matter to arouse a 
generous response. To get at the matter most sys- 
tematically and effectually, we simply suggest that 
Sunday, Feb. 13, be set apart as Messenger day, and 
that on that date a collection be taken to supply our 
worthy poor with the Messenger. A special rate of 
$1 per year is made for these subscriptions. No mem- 
ber of the church should do without the paper because 
of his inability to pay for it himself. We, as a church, 
can not afford to have a single member deprived of 
whatever inspiration and edification he may derive 
from the visits of our official church paper. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

When Self-Confidence Is Good 

Self-confidence may be either true or false, a vir- 
tue or a vice. True self-confidence is not self-con- 
fidence at all. It is merely confidence in God's ability 
to use a willing instrument. It is a conviction that 
God has given you talents which he can use if you 
will let him. The false variety is that which leaves 
God out of the reckoning. It says : " Is not this great 
Babylon which I have builded ... by the might 
of my power," and soon finds its glory gone and the 
boaster dwelling among the beasts. True self-re- 
liance is the belief that you have a mission in the 
world, and that, by God's grace and strength, you can 
accomplish it. It is realizing that without Divine 
Help you can do nothing; that with it you can do all 
things. It is knowing that when you are weak, then 
you are strong. „___^^___ 

_ The Cuba of Today. 

The day on which the last letter of this series was 
mailed, came the Gospel Messenger of Jan. 8, con- 
taining Bro. Early's most interesting and excellent 
editorial on " Opening New Missions." Had the 
paper been received before the mailing of the Cuban 
letter, it would have been changed so as not to have 
urged the opening of a new mission in Cuba until the 
money, to meet the existing deficit, has been secured, 
and the danger of another deficit provided against. The 
writer has always held, and still holds, that it is safest 
to pay as you go, and this especially in our work for 
the Lord. No obligation should be more strongly felt, 
or more promptly met, than our most important 
church work places upon each individual servant of 
God. It is sincerely utged and hoped that every mem- 
ber of the chjirch will read, reread, and carefully study, 
Bro. Early's important editorial, and be moved at 
once to do his part in meeting the deficit, and that 
this may be done before our coming Annual Con- 
ference at Winona Lake, in June. 

In the last letter the religious conditions found in 
Cuba today were given, and in this the purpose is to 
tell about the agricultural outlook on the Island, and 
opportunities offered to those who desire to engage in 
farming, gardening, fruit-raising, the stock business, 
and the production of sugar. Of course, the former 
is regarded as the more important, but all of us are 
rightly concerned about providing for our families, 
and of making a financial'success in the world, so 
that we may have the means to help on with the Lord's 

It is to be remembered that no one, here in Cuba, 
is urging a letter on these topics. There is not the 
slightest personal interest, from a financial standpoint, 
suggesting the consideration of the subject. The facts, 
simply, are given, and if any of our readers desire to 
invest and locate in Cuba, let them come and make a 
careful investigation for themselves. This will be 
safest and best. ' Our readers will doubtless be pleased 
to hear what some others have had to say about Cuba, 
and these are not land agents or promoters of colonies, 
but men who have studied most carefully conditions, 
to ascertain the facts. After spending several months 
on the beautiful, fertile Island, the writer is fully con- 
vinced that the statements are not overdrawn. 

Mr. Lindsay does not hesitate to say that Cuba is," 
first and last, an agricultural country. The climate, 
soil, and proximity to promising markets, create un- 
usually -favorable conditions. Recent railway exten- 
sions and the additions to the Government highways, 
— some thousands of miles have been built. — have 
greatly improved the facilities for transportation. The 
Government has established stations, and in other 
ways encouraged farming and stock-raising; railroad 
and developing companies have extended generous aid 
hi the same direction. 

The fact that Cuba imports annually over twenty- 
five million dollars' worth of foodstuffs, that might 
and ought to be raised on the Island, shows that there 
are abundant opportunities for the agriculturist to 
find a market at a profit for his product. For in- 
stance, potatoes are imported from the States, and 
retail here at about sjx dollars a barrel. They can be 
raised here. It is believed that the items that make 
up this list of imports could easily be raised on the 

Island, in sufficient quantities to supply the domestic 
demands and leave a large surplus for exportation. 

The Cuban is a primitive farmer. He rarely uses 
the one-handled plow of Palestine. The remarkable 
fertility of the soil helps him out. During the sum- 
mer months, in this tropical climate, immense quan- 
tities of grass cover the ground. This dries later in 
the year. The winter months are drier than those of 
summer. It is then burned and the ashes cover the 
ground. When the rains have moistened the earth, 
holes are made into it with sharpened sticks, and the 
seeds or roots, which are to produce the crops, are 
dropped in and covered. No plowing or cultivating is 
done in such cases. The fertility of the soil does 
its work, but after a time it weakens and becomes 
" tired," the natives say. They then abandon their 
little " tired " farms, and clear up other fertile tracts 
and farm them. If the land were properly and scien- 
tifically cultivated, large and profitable crops could be 
raised annually. This is shown where the best meth- 
ods of farming have been adopted. 

The burning of the grass reminds one of the great 
prairie fires we used to have in the Western States, 
years ago. There is also danger of destroying valu- 
able property, if care is not taken. A fire started near 
our meetinghouse one Sunday morning, just as we 
were Opening the service. It was almost in the bor- 
ders of Omaja. The flames were visible from the 
church, and most of the strong men and boys left at 
once, hurriedly, to assist in fighting the fire. It in- 
terfered greatly with our morning service. 

Years ago, in the States, we used to say, " Cotton 
is king." In these days, now that we produce three 
billion bushels of corn annually, we have given it 
the majestic title. In Cuba sugar is king and will not 
soon be dethroned. The Cuban sugar crop has been 
valued for several years at over one hundred million 
dollars. The Government report says that the crop 
this year will bring to the Island two hundred and 
fort)' million dollars, or enough money to give each 
man, woman and child on the Island at least one 
hundred dollars. Our Cuban friend with eighteen 
children, self and wife, if such distribution were made, 
would receive $2,000 and this is about five times more 
than it costs him to live a year. The present outlook 
indicates that the production of sugar will be more 
than doubled in the next few years. 

Thirty years ago I made an investigation of the 
beet sugar production in Germany. It grew until, 
prior to the present war, Germany was the greatest 
sugar producing country in the world. The subject 
has been an interesting one ever since. At that time 
our country was using between fifty and sixty pounds 
of sugar per capita. Since then we have increased 
in its consumption until we now use 85 pounds per 
head. It takes, annually, four million two hundred 
and fifty thousand tons of sugar to satisfy our sweet 
tooth. Aside from the British we are the largest 
sugar-consuming country in the world, and we ought 
to be a sweet lot of people. The world uses about six- 
teen million tons of sugar annually, and we consume 
one-fourth of it. If our increase in consuming sugar 
keeps on, we shall soon overtake the British, who use 
one hundred pounds per capita, and with the rapid in- 
crease of our population it will require, before many 
years, ten billion pounds of sugar for our consump- 

The Government report, 4n giving the value of the 
present crop, says that only about four per cent of 
the best cane land is under cultivation and that there 
are prospects of a large planting of cane at this time. 
It is claimed tha~t Cuba, if all its cane land were plant- 
ed, could produce sugar enough to supply the demand 
of the world. It now produces more cane sugar than 
any other country. It can also grow sugar cheaper 
than other places, and the fact that our country gives 
the Island a preferential tariff rate, is a decided ad- 
vantage to the sugar industry. 

It is strange that some of the oldest nations in the 
world who raised sugar cane and understood the 
manufacture of sugar centuries ago, use but very little 
of the superlative sweetness. India, China, the 
Philippine Islands, and Japan, are among these. 
Some of them use none. Italy, Roumania, Bulgaria 
and Servia use but ten pounds per inhabitant. Frugal 

Germany, the world's largest sugar producer, uses 
but forty pounds a head annually. 

To India belongs, possibly, the credit of having 
manufactured the first sugar in the world. The juice 
was pressed from the wild cane, and about 700 years 
before Christ, fire was first employed to evaporate 
the juice and concentrate the sugar. From India the 
art of manufacturing sugar spread among the foreign 
nations of the world, and surrounded the globe. 

There are now 180 sugar mills and estates in Cuba. 
Fifty years ago there were more than a thousand 
mills. These were simple and primitive, and have 
been supplanted by the larger and better mills. In 
Cuba are to be found the largest and best cane sugar 
mills in the world. A new one, only a short distance 
from Omaja, is to start grinding cane in February. 

A number of Boston men are arranging with Bro. 
Mahan to plant a thousand acres of cane for them. 
He tells me that the land to be used is now over- 
grown with trees and underbrush. Trees and brush 
are to be cut and burned. The ground is not to be 
plowed. Shallow ditches are dug, and stalks of cane, 
"joining each other at the ends, are laid in and covered. 
At each joint sprouts appear and grow rapidly. The 
planting will be done in April, and a crop of cane har- 
vested the coming January. The one planting lasts 
for ten years. There are many parts of the Island 
where cane has been raised on the same piece of land 
a hundred years unremittingly. No insects interfere 
with the cane. It is a sure crop. The only danger is 
from fire, and the farmers provide against this with 
fire-breaks, planted with sweet potatoes. The vines arc 
always green and serve to prevent the spread of fire 
among the dry leaves of the cane. And, by the way, 
you only need to plant sweet potatoes once in Cuba. 
The ground never freezes and you can dig sweet po- 
tatoes at any time of the year. 

Near Omaja is a 500-acre sugar plantation, which 
cost $50,000. Last year the clear profit from the cane 
was $25,000. Another plantation, of 100 acres, gave 
the owner the same per cent of profit. From the 
Chicago Herald is taken this statement: "The Cuban- 
American Sugar Company has made seventy per cent 
on its common stock for the last year." These facts 
show that sugar making is a profitable pursuit. The 
advance in the price of sugar, caused by the European 
war, has -helped to swell the profits, but these were 
fair before the war began. The Cubans say they can 
raise the cheapest sugar in the world. 

The best sugar land may be bought in this Province 
at from $16 to $20 an acre. The cost of clearing the 
land and planting the cane is about $40 an acre. A 
five hundred acre plantation of cane may be provided 
at a cost of about thirty thousand dollars and it would 
pay a large profit at present prices. 

Not far from here are two sugar mills that are 
among the largest on the Island or in the world. 
They produce annually over three hundred and fifty 
million pounds of sugar. The grinding capacity of 
the largest is four thousand tons of cane daily. These 
mills own large tracts of cane land, and this is allotted 
to planters, " who plant, cut and deliver the cane to 
the mill, receiving in return five pounds of sugar for 
every hundred pounds of cane. This works satis- 
factorily and has certainly many advantages from 
the standpoint of the .general manager. Cuban sugar 
is, in short, as near an approach to safe investment 
and a profitable employment as anything connected 
with agriculture can be." 

The time for our leaving the Island is approaching 
and we regret to take our departure. The Lord will- 
ing we shall be holding a meeting, the second week in 
February, at Arcadia, Fla. We hope also to visit 
with Bro. Moore, at Eustis, and then go to Oneonta, 
Alabama, to hold meetings for the members there. 
We hope to reach our home early in March, 


The Undefinables. 

At first sight, this may strike you as a strange sub 
ject, but we have reference to some words, a 
in our theological discussions. And even in this con 
nection it may seem strange, because there are n< 
words used in our language but what have their defi 
nitions in our dictionaries and encyclopedias. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

This may be true in a general sense, but when ap- 
plied lo theology, these definitions, as thus given, are 
not satisfactory. 

V\ e will first look at the word " beginning." Well, 
what docs it mean? We go to our dictionary and we 
have, "The first cause; the origin of things." This 
may do, and be satisfactory, as applied to material 
things which come within the limitation of the human 
mind. We can readily accept Ibis definition, because 
we can understand the origins or beginnings made by 
man. We can think rationally about the origin of 
nations, of cities, of great buildings, and of things 
which wc can read about in our histories, or see for 
ourselves. But when we open our Bible and read, 
" In the beginning God," here is a "beginning" that 
starts us to thinking, and we think and think, and the 
longer we think, the less we are satisfied, — and the 
more we would like to understand about this "be- 
ginning." We can think, about God, as, in the begin- 
ning creating this world of ours, and the things re- 
lated to it, including man; but this "beginning" 
necessarily antedates all this, and we have the work 
as undefined as ever, and a definition unthinkable by 
our own finite minds. We are like the mother, who, 
when asked by her little daughter: "Mother, who 
made us?" replied. "Why, my child, God made us." 
After a moment's thought and a puzzled look, the 
child replied: " But, mama, who made God?" 

You may say: " Children should not ask such ques- 
tions." Perhaps not. Yet such questions are an 
evidence of their developing rationality, and we, the 
older lines, are only children of a larger growth. Es- 
pecially is this so when it is known that we try to 
explain things by using undefinable words. 

We have, in our library, a book entitled. "The Un- 
known World." or " What Living Men Believe Con- 
cerning Punishment After Death." In the book are 
given the views of fifty-two ministers representing 
all of the Protestant churches, with the exception of 
a few of the smaller bodies. And do you know that 
their disagreements are attributed largely to the in- 
terpretation which they have placed upon these un- 
definable words, such as the one already named, and 
" forever," "everlasting," "eternal" and "eternity," 
all representing the opposite of the "beginning" ? 

< ►■( course, these are words used largely in theology 
and the Bible, but do we find them satisfactorily de- 
fined in our dictionaries? Take the word "eternal." 
and we have this "definition; "Without beginning or 
end of existence," "An appellation of God." 

Think of this definition for a moment. Can we 
grasp even a mere idea of a thing of this kind? We 
are not questioning the Inspired Word, but we must 
remember that these definitions are human in origin 
and are efforts, on the part of men, to define or in- 
terpret the hidden things of God, — things that are not 
necessary for us to know, or to try to explain. 

The length of time that the eternity of God in- 
cludes, is not given in the Word of God, neither is it 
revealed by him how long a time or bow many years 
he will suffer the sinner to remain in the torments 
of bell, — vengeance belongs to God. and the best thing 
that we can do is to leave it in his care. We know 
that he is a God of love and justice, and that he will 
do the right. 

There is one thing about which we can be sure and 
thai is this, If we accept God as our Loving Father, 
and the plan of salvation which he has revealed to us 
by his Word, as brought to us by bis Son Jesus Christ, 
we can have salvation from our sins in this time, and 
eternal life in the world to come. 

This is enough for us to know, and should be a 
sufficient incentive for us to make every possible ef- 
fort to place ourselves on the side of God, as well as 
to try to persuade those who arc away from God, to 
give their lives and service to him while bi.s Spirit is 
yel calling. , 

No matter what God's purpose may be, in punish- 
ing the sinner, — whether remedial, or to mete out 
vengeance for willfully doing despite to the wooing 
of the Holy Spirit, or for rejecting his tender love 
in giving his only Son as a sacrifice for the sins of 
the world, thus making salvation for every one who 
will accept.— the punishment for such refusal and 
rejection will be too great and too long, blindly to run 

the risk. The experience of the rich man, who was 
cast into bell for neglecting his opportunities while 
living, should be a sufficient warning to all. 

Those ministers, therefore, who seem to take pleas- 
ure in hurling at the poor sinner damnation and bell 
fire, to scare him into heaven, had better try the love- 
leading process, by setting before him a Loving God 
and the great sacrifice which he made to save him, 
because he is a child of his by creation. Because of 
this great love, God has made it possible that the 
erring one may be again adopted as a child of his, in- 
to his Kingdom, there to remain and enjoy his .pres- 
ence throughout the ages. The sheep that gladly fol- 
low the leading of the Good Shepherd into the fold, 
always make less trouble than those that, by force 
and fright, are drawn in. h. b. b. 

Open Your Eyes. 

Why does God not show himself to us, as he did 
to Moses, Abraham, and the rest of those good men of 
patriarchal times? Would not some visible manifes- 
tation of himself be as great an aid to faith in modern 
times as it was in the days of old? Why are there 
no Bethels and Horebs now? It is a question that 
rises in even' thoughtful mind, but if the mind is 
thoughtful enough, it soon detects the false assump- 
tion in the question. The truth is that God does mani- 
fest himself to men as truly now as in the past. The 
trouble is with our vision. 

True, we do not find God in some manlike form in 
burning bushes. But we forget that in these visible 
manifestations to these ancient men of God, it was not 
the actual, infinite, spiritual God himself whom they 
saw, for by his nature he is invisible to mortal eyes. In 
the ultimate reality of his own. inner being, "No 
man hath seen God at any time." " Dwelling in light 
unapproachable, whom no man hath seen, nor can 
see." says Paul. Some form, sometimes called, as 
in the present instance, an angel of Jehovah, God 
caused to appear in these theophanies, that the sense 
of his presence might he more real ; that the eye of 
the soul might catch a vision of his true self. Just 
so, in countless forms of life and force, God is show- 
ing himself to us every day. These symbols of the 
Divine Power and Presence we see with our physical 
eye; and with the eye of the soul, if indeed it has 
been opened, we may see, back of these symbols, the 
Almighty, Loving Father himself. If God does not 
come to us in a burning bush, we can see him just as 
truly in the bush that does not burn. 

How like a poor, blind Philip we all are ! " Show 
us the Father." he said, after" Jesus had spent three 
years in doing that very thing. With a look of dis- 
appointment and anguish of heart he must have turned 
and said, " Have I been so long time with you and 
yet hast thou not known me, Philip? He that hath 
seen me hath seen the Father." Philip did not un- 
derstand that there could be no better means of know- 
ing what God is like than the life they had seen lived 
among them. So we, in our blind ignorance, wonder 
why God does not come out into the open, that we may 
see him plainly, whereas, in truth, he is doing his 
utmost to break jn on our blurred vision. We do not 
know that what wc need is to scrape the scales from 
our own eyes, and that the only way to do this lies in 
the plan suggested in the sixth beatitude. 

Bro. Eshelman's New Book. 

Frequent reference has been made in the Mes- 
senger, in recent mouths, to Bro-. M.* M. Eshelman's 
forthcoming book, entitled " The Open Way into the 
Book of Revelation." If the reader has noticed our 
advertising columns, he will have learned already 
that the work is now ready for mailing. It is a book 
of 212 pages, and sells for one dollar. It may be 
ordered of the author at Tropico, Gal., or of the 
Brethren Publishing House. 

Opening the book casually, one is immediately im- 
pressed by the attractive appearance of the page and 
the convenient arrangement of the contents. The 
material is grouped in forty-eight divisions, called 
" Studies." each of which consists of a series of ques- 
tions and answers. The questions stimulate interest 

and, at the same time, break up the matter into con- 
venient units suitable for reading at odd moments, as 
well as for continuous study. 

The purpose and point of view of the author can 
be most satisfactorilv given by an extract or two from 
the book itself: 

" 1 did not desire to bring peril to my soul's highest in- 
terest by cultivating a mere carnal desire for knowledge, 
or to build up a theory, . . . the motive ever in view 

■ Mil I 

God i 

ly to believers that they might have true joy." 

" This little book is concerned about the predicted Judg- 
ments and preparations to meet what God lias planned in 
salvation. . . . Wc trust that no one will subject him- 
self to dealing in misrepresentation by concluding that 
the author of this book is trying to forestall God. Wc 
are perfectly satisfied with Matt. 24: 36." 

To what extent the author has succeeded in in- 
terpreting correctly the symbols of the Book of Rev- 
elation, we do not attempt to say, but it is our con- 
viction that writers on this Book are often more suc- 
cessful in this respect than they are in apprehending 
the nature and purpose of the Book as a whole. For 
this purpose acquaintance with the thought-forms 
current in the type of literature to which Revelation 
belongs, is indispensable. 

But in so far as this latest work of Bro. Eshelman 
helps the reader to realize the practical purpose, in- 
dicated in the above extracts, it will render a most 
useful service. That it may contribute to such a 
service is our earnest desire. 

The School of Suffering. 

Nothing will make your life a greater benediction 
to your fellow-men than the ability to enter into the 
inmost experiences of their hearts and share their 
burdens. And nothing can give you this ability like 
passing through the crucible yourself. Rejoice, then,- 
in the opportunity for wider usefulness which afflic- 
tion can bring you. Your education for life's ministry 
is but half complete until you have been through the 
school of suffering. 

But does affliction always produce such beneficent 

out at sea. going in different directions, both driven 
by the same wind? The difference was in the way the 
sails wefe set. And so, after all, it depends on you 
whether the storm of affliction drives you nearer tn 
God or farther from him.- If you resist it with angry 
spirit, it will harden you and make you bitter of soul. 
If you accept it in patienl and loving trust, it will lead 
you into richer life than you bad ever known. 

Utilizing Our Talent. 

One "of our earnest ministers, in reporting his 
recent trip among the churches, makes some perti- 
nent observations. We quote a brief extract: " Many 
of our strong congregations have talent that should 
be in preparation for the Lord's work. The business 
world is bidding for them, and willing to pay the 
price. For that reason many of our strong young men 
are lost to the activities of the church. The crying 
needs of the Brethren church today are consecrated 
men and women, who arc willing to lay their lives 
on the altar of service, and an awakened member- 
ship, with a vision of the world's needs." These 
words should burn into the inner consciousness of 
ever;' hrother and sister, until there is aroused such 
a feeling of responsibility, that no sacrifice will be 
counted too great, no effort impossible. 

Onk of our Chinese brethren, in his attempt to se- 
cure the needed means to attend school, subsists or 
one meal a day. He willingly makes the sacrifice, ir 
order to fit himself for service to the Master in the 
mission field. Such a zeal can not he questioned; ii 
may well be an inspiration to others. 

" Never, in the history of our congregation, have 
we had a more prosperous year." This sentence is 
taken from the new Directory of the Troutville 
church, Va. It has a splendid ring. It indicates 
progress. Will you do your best that this may be 
said of your congregation at the close of 1916? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


Jalen B. Royer. F.lgin., III., Secretary ;mm1 '1'ivMsmvr; Otlio Intl.. Jan. 24. 

Sna^'Ufe Advisory Member^ d/x*- Miller, Mt, 'Morris, in. ' BOCK EUN, IND. — We hold twelve all-day meetings 

General Sunday School Board. — IT. K. Ohcr, Chairman. rllt :LV,1|;|LT| ' ;itton>l;ince of eleven, average collection. 

Hi;%il'fitil"ivn. I'ji.; S. S. Blun^ti. Yi'-e-t 'li ;i i ruinri. Wn-tti M : i n- ■'<)■- h u n ml two garments were made during the 

^ill.r. Sy i^l^u-y. KlKm.^ nr; f T,^vl Mtnnirh. Greenville Ohio; ,.|jn,:s. II, e m;i (or lal of whk-'li was mo-lly furnished f 
?(reet' Waterloo! Iowa; ' Lafayette Steelc^WdUtprtmi. Lid! "'''. "" ,"''" ' I ' s - '","'"!* "' erc , s ''" t t0 the . fo J,'? W '! 1 ?, viti ™ 1 
Executive Committee: J. E. Miller. Lafayette Steele. Levi ^^co In« llie toW valu"of "th w $61 

Educational Board. — D. 

\Viiii. mi--. s^.-r^t:ir\ Timsiii. ■ r. Klchi.^in ; .1 s. Kiory. m-ldt.-.-- Hi o year were: For home mission work, 

r.iiV. ii..i, R 'for the yea 

. Vi, ■(■ ..|.fi-si.|i-ni. Tn.iiviiii.1. iHiio; A. II. B. (15.25. making a total value of $76.60. Cash doni 
$5 ;_ total, $6.55. Expei 

[4.74; Roods i 

testing Bailway Committee. — P. 

dent '417 Steward Avenue, Decatur. 111.; Mrs. L 

Secretary-Treasurer. Greenville, Ohio. 

Glah Committee. —J. E. Miller, Chairman. Elgi 

Annual Meeting Treasurer. — J. B. Deeter, West 

Wilton, Ohio. 

Sisters' Aid Societies. 

(Continued from Page 87.) 

sent $5 to the Italian Mission, at Brooklyn, anc 

$10 to the 

e following 

ter Sue Rhoad3; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister H 

Dorcas Aid Society for the year 1916: We held 


three sale dinners; donated three days' work 

o Orphan*' 

\1?. garments; made thtrty-two gallons of appl 

"butter" for 

our District Meeting. Money received during the 

bers' fees, $24.20; donations, $3; for sewing, 

$40.79; for 

dishes. $2.50; wale dinners. ? If ".15; apple butte 

, $4.60; to- 

tal, S175.14. Balance carried forward from last 

year, $53.51; 

church: Lights, steps, tilde oilcloth, dishes, $105 

74; for Wa^ 

poor, $14.- 

tal, $188.34. 

Deducting the expenses, $188.34, from $218.65, 1 

ance of $30.31 In treasury. We reorganized at 

her meeting as follows: Hat tie Bond, Pr 

sldont; Sis- 

uch as piecing quilts, comforters, etc.. and wh 

: President, Flora Crlpe; Treasurer and Secrett 
r. — Carrie Ulery, R. D. 7, Go&hen. Ind.. Jan. 19. 
r FOBS, COIiO.— Following is the report of the ! 
Society for 1915: We held during the year sev 
-day meetings, and four all-day meetings, with 
six. We quilted three quilts; ■ 

: paid out $1.85 for s 

r; prayer- cove rings i 
t; Sister Sarah Ho-^t 

i report of the Sisters' AJd Society 
■ 1915: Twenty-tun meetings were .church submits the following report From Jan. 1. 1914. to 
;h an average attendance of thlr- Tjon. 1. 1315, we Held thlriy-nlne meeting-., with an average 
Uts, sewed forty-seven pounds of attendance of four. We knollod nineteen comfort.-, «. .1..H1.-1 
comforters, pieced blocks for three seven quilt h. and made seventeen prayer coverings. The so- 
offering during over three hundred Scripture Teii t* .i.uIim \i,.i.,i •>• 

California, $27.51 

tending goods, 

ru'd eighty 

our all-day meetings, wil 

d eighty-six ple< 




'!" J','.!' 

'?: .«'r'p n «ir c 

of nil" 


id joined. 
JElaa Park 

eight .in 

Ibutlon jr.* , 

mis' ■ 



' ViVi '.-', ' 

1 rZlwJ'o 

in.,..., ■ 

■ the coming year: 

■<;„ ; 

nTrtnl" 1 ™ 

",er i',' 




1 was organized In September, 1913, w 
ings, and several called meetings. ( 

$3.25 to a needy brother: $6 for the < 

year $23.23. Our expenses for the y. 
leaves us $1.86 with which to begin 

y; Vice-president, Sister May Chandl 

lothes-pin aprons, quilts and comforts. Amount on hand! bonnets, .-lothcs-pln aprons, school-bags, and a ft 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

lirn.'se Sunday -school rliosen Sunday-school superintend in I; 
onR, of North Man- Symmes, Oakland, Knns., Jan. 2?-. 
B Rfirvicef lb wIth Cl Bro; MARYLAND. 

aptlsmal aervlc 


liller, Il.atrerslnVn, ind."! Jan. MICHIGAN. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


ompllshed at this place. 


deeply impressed.— John 

;'''^ (i jJ f "' " ''", ,'iVii,. ,!',,,',,, , r 'i' ni '" "' ; ■ f"oiee.— Airs, usie Brumna-ugn. uoshen. firo. J. B. Hvli.'m. -id, i . Rio. G. R., clerk.— Belle Hylton, 

ion!., rto.ilcv'ar.l! I.os AnR-l-s, Cal., Jan TV, .*V., ,^1."..? ^ .i'm^t k el.t in' lv'' w'' ll./'lVl'.'ren"'"^!™ NEBRASKA 

the program, the children save sifts, to be sent to poor Kearney —On Sunday Jan 3 durlnp the hour for Chris 

COLORADO.' children. We sent a hair,! of clothinsr and a box of pop- (i an Workers' Mel ii.p." 'the Mi.^k ry ^ommil tee rendered a 

ichool — M 1 o E n e 1 a S n 1 

.. . i i.iiiy a Koo.l mii.isi.T. We 1 i v , ■ ^'" ] - v '■' " r, V, isMi 1 u ' T ' I,?, '" !s " 1 , in H, ; athen Panels. "—Maud WO rk. Jan. 9, at 2; 30 In the afternoon, was the monthly 


helpful sermon. 

ILLINOIS. enjoyed a fa.nil> love feasl an Phri.stinas niprht. Rro. Mor- Konmaxe ,-Mireh enjoyed two good spiri 

i and teachers were Installed Into of- !"'* Lo, l g,1 i,2 f ""''' r ° wa - w ?* wittl ua Jr,n - 8 > and delivered 23 by Bro. J. E. Yoifti*. of Beatrice, Nebr., 

'. L,ear preached a very spiritual and "'^f 1 '; 1 " 1 " 1 :---nn..N,-. U <■ l.i v, , . , im .-l the service of Bio tliroiig-li our cilv and si,,],,,.,! ">■.., Sunday y. 

wnls'M^irVnr^MMrnvinV.'.s "hrls- T' ''""V "'- , "° 1 " 1 '^ wiUl "" : '-"J,'"'" „ ri ' ,7''* p, ,^ e - but feel ; , ,,-,",,„,■. i„^ M„,,uel. on,- eitv. stop over St 

Mm .-.-rvie*s nvo .,s W - -■>-..,! a desire .V,'u, M^r i n \ i!!'''' '^, !!^'ilV!, i',','- 1, 1 Ti,,,-!- l| , .'i ri "J hi *'q", vh 'e* an'dVuJh I h '" ! > ' h" - l.' ,mh " I N r !'i'"'' l^'ii ',',',,! 

KANSAS. that this explanation will h. hi 

ugh the attendi 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 


•elded to retain 

Simili-i.y-s.'liofil yiijionnt.-.-ii.lrru. 

encouraging: to us If those, eon tern plat- 


J. A. Long presiding. 

iif-in inc F'.'l> 
iipi i in ten<lci 

CnlqueH i'Onyro^:ilH>n 

5 purity. The members ^ 

congregation, and 

5, and occasionally 200. — Ji 

Lebanon. — Our series of meetings, conducted by Bn 

; began on Saturday e 

and occupied the Christian Workers' period, 

India," by 

weeks faithfully. The weather 
one day, four were down with la grippe. 

Ma r Itl ey sb ui-g . — The 
;cted corresponding 

Philadelphia (Bethany Mission. 32E5 I 
Sunday, Jan. 16, the subject being " Youth 

of Hopewell, 

■ <> linve ii.-iplism in the neai 
Philadelphia, Pa.. Jan. 24. 
Tuipebocken.— On Sunday, 

' house, begi 
West Conestoga.- 

Another series is arranged : 

r !■<■■: i, -iiing. They clo; 

Bethlehem church i 

Cil.l.Ie, during Decei 

;he English an. 

Hylton presiding. 

$2. SO. Super- 


■etlngs closed 

e I ngdom.— Harriet Bun tain. 10 

ir and Sister W. R. Miller b« 
this place. Revival services i 

good choice and accepted > 
collected while in 

Others were deeply inir 



Report of President of Mount Morris 

backbone probably always will be. We should endeavor 
to educate toward the rural field instead of away from it. 
Our rural leaders should be like Jesus when the disciples 
were fishing, — show to the people that they know more 
about the people's occupation than the people do them- 
selves; then will they also be open for guidance along spir- 
itual lines. We are favorably situated at Mount Morris 
for work in this department. We are located in the heart 
of one of the finest agricultural sections in the world; we 
have an experiment farm for class demonstration purposes 
adjoining the State experiment station. This is an unusual 
advantage, for many experiments which would be pro- 
hibitive, on account' of cost, are here performed by the 
State at State expense, and our students receive the full 
benefit therefrom. This farm and experiment station are 
located less than a quarter of a mile from the campus. It 
is true that we have an excellent laboratory equipment for 
this department,— perhaps the best in the State outside 
the State Agricultural College, but we would recommend 
that" this department be developed yet more completely 
along all lines. 

We would also recommend that, since the school now 
belongs to the six State Districts' of the Church of the 
Brethren, all student ministers be allowed a reduction of 
at least one-half on tuition fees for literary studies, and 
free tuition for all Bible work. 

The spiritual atmosphere of the school is evidenced by 
students who have presented themselves to the church for 
baptism during the present year, even though no special 
efforts had been made to reach them. 

In conclusion we may say again that the outlook for the 
school is most gratifying. We believe that the Lord has 
been with us, is now, and will continue to guide Mount 
Morris College into yet greater fields of usefulness for his 
name's sake. J. S. Noffsinger, President. 


The past summer at Liao has not been without its inter- 
esting experiences, both joyful and sad. 

Ere the summer had begun, on Easter Sunday, April 4. 
the little band of workers at this station, with joyful 
hearts, entered their newly-repaired chapel on South and 
Main Streets, where, on that day, was held their first serv- 
ice in said building. Though not a new church, it is so 
much better than the one formerly used that it seemed a 
special occasion for thanksgiving. Since then, this chapel, 
though much larger than the former one, has been prac- 
tically filled every Sunday, and in time a larger building 

will be neces 

Two month 

also ready fo 

school buildin 
en's chapel v, 

t Sun 


making application for baptism. These, as with all other 
applicants in China, are received into the church after 
several months of special teaching. The women's chapel 
is used, in general, for all the services for the women. 
though each Sunday morning all go to the main chapel, 

Another occasion of rejoicing was on May 26, when BrO. 
Raymond and Sister Lizzie Flory, with their two boys, 
Chester and Roland, arrived at Liao, as additional mem- 
bers of our mission family at this place. Some eight or 
nine months had been spent by them in the I'ekiu Lan- 
guage School and this was their first trip to the" interior 
Right glad were they to settle at their own station of 

coined their coming, knowing the great need of addi- 
tional laborers to help carry on the work. They arc get- 
ting hold of the language nicely, and will soon fill a very 

Again was there joy at Liao when on Saturday. Inly 
17, there arrived, at the home of Dr. O. G. and Cora 
Hrubakcr, little Winifred E„ a bright, lovable, happy 
baby. Leland and Edythc, however, would not admit 
that she is a Chinese baby, though born in China. 

On Sunday, Sept. 19, Master J. Calvin Bright came to 
"brighten" the Bright home.— a fine, fat, good boy. " Laa 
ta" as the Chinese would say. Eight children are grow- 
ing up at Liao to be little missionaries for Jesus. 

Early in the summer Minnie Bright, Esther aim 
Cathryn, Winnie Cripe and Anna Hutchison left Liao to 
spend their inter-furlough vacation in rest and recuper- 
ation at Peitaihe, a scacoast city in Cliihli. During tin- 
few months spent at this place they were privileged to 
meet with many splendid missionaries from all over 
North China. The benefit thus received, together with the 
special services, the change of scenes, and fresh sea air, 
and the complete release from all work and rcsyon Sibil - 
ity, found the missionaries, upon their return, better able 
to take up their work, and to stand the strain of the 
years yet before their regular furlough home. 

During the summer and fall the boys' new school 
building has been going up, and at this time is near its 
completion. It is a splendid, large two-story building, — 
a wonder to all the natives. Soon our fifty boys, and 
more, will be moving into their new home. What a hap- 
py day for them! And we feel sure that, could the don- 
ors see the change that it will bring to them in heart 
and home, and the many young lives that, through the 
coming years, may, within its walls be turned to truth and 
righteousness, they would feel that their money was well 
spent. Many times will their little prayers of thanks as- 
cend to the Father in your behalf. 

Recently we succeeded in purchasing several acres of 
land just east of the city, where will be located our mis- 
sion compound, in which we hope, in time, to build our 
hospital, girls' school and foreign dwellings. God is with 

vation of souls. What joy it gives us to see the leaven 
working, hearts being moved, idol gods discarded, and 
the worship of the true God taken up with an earnestness 
beyond our expectations. 

Nov. 6 we witnessed our third baptism at Liao. This 
time there were sixteen applicants in all. Besides the five 
men, there were 1 four school-boys, two school-girls and five 
women. These are our first converts from among the 
school-pupils and of the women of Liao. Two weeks later, 
Nov. 20, we engaged in our love feast services,— thirty-four 
communing. Bro. Cnunpacker nlhdaled, he being ibe only 
foreigner present from rmr sister station, lie had come 
to Liao to make an " investigating trip" with Bro. Bright 
through the southern part of our territory. Oh Sunday 
he gave us one of his good sermons, based on Rev. 3: 
20. We believe that this, his last message to the Liao 
church ere he leaves on furlough, will continue to be a 
blessing to those who heard. Anna M. Hutchison. 

Liao Chou, China, Dec. II. 


Eld. Eleazer Bosserman was born in Paris Township, 
Stark County, Ohio, Jan. 31, 1834. He was married Feb. 
1, 1855, to Mary Magdalena Thoma, of the same place. 
In October, 1855, he moved with his wife, mother and 
grandmother to Hancock County, Ohio. He settled in 
Van Buren Township, where he remained until 1882. 

During this time there were born to Brother and Sis- 
ter Bosserman six sons and three daughters. His second 
son died in October, 1860. Bro. Bosserman united with 
the Church of the Brethren in 1863. His wife joined in 
June, 1865. 

In April, .1867, he was elected to the first degree of the 
ministry. In June, 1870, he was advanced to the second 
degree. In April, 1880, he was ordained to the eldership. 

With his family he moved to Michigan in April, 1882, 
and labored with the New Haven congregation, in Gratiot 

His wife died June 2, 1884. Afterward he was married 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

to Lydia Snyder, nee Thomas. To this union one daugh- 
ter was born. In the fall of 1892 his second wife passed 
away. In 1893 he was married to Mary Pugh. After this 
marriage, several years were spent in the Oak Grove 
congregation, Hancock County, Ohio. But since that 
time he has held his membership in the Eagle Creek con- 
gregation, where he was a faithful minister of the Gospel, 
and where he passed away, confidently and peacefully, 
Jan. 14, 1916, having attained the ripe age of eighty-one 
years, eleven months and four days. 

Bro. Bosscrman had been in fading health for some 
months past. However, the illness that terminated in his 
decease was brief. In fact, it was not considered as being 
really serious until within five days of his departure. 

Our departed brother always had the happy faculty of 
seeing the better side of things. In the deepest disap- 
pointments that came to him, he always took hope in the 
fact thai there were better things in store for him and 
Ins family. And he did not lose his hold on this spirit of 
good cheer during his last illness. From the beginning 
of this sickness he realized that his race was nearly run. 
He called for the home ministers to anoint him, accord- 
ing to the leaching of James. At this time he stated 
that he was about to pass through the valley of the 
shadow of death, but that he had no fear. He knew 
that the Master would accompany him through the 

He made a special request that his widow and daughter 
should be well looked after. In looking back over past 
years he said, " I have done the best I could do. I have 
raised a large family of children, and all of them have 
i-ome into church fellowship." That was the happiest 
thought of his mind, in thinking of the past. He leaves 
a loving companion, with her three children, and four 
sons and four daughters. 

Funeral services were conducted in the Eagle Creek 
church by Eld. L. H. Dickey, of Fostoria. Ohio, assisted 
by the home ministers. The text used on the occasion 
was. " Blessed are the dead that die in the Lord from 
henceforth." Jesse J. Anglemyer. 

Wiiliamstown, Ohio, Jan. 13. 


. lit -S. i J' (I it. — By 

Ule, Ohio. 
LandlB, Mlnot, 

unity. — Edgar 

lin I. Shelter and 


he), da light 

1 by 1 

ler. born Oct. 27, 1836, near Phlla- 
1916, at the home of her daugh- 

tnwliy, Washington County, Iowa, aged 79 

tier, 1864, when they moved 


ntally eaught by i 

t County, Ind., died . 

e daughters, 



at Gravel ^f" 

i.l l.y 

e Point, Oregon 

a complication 

GocHley, Sinter 

She is survived by hvn iIjufMi- 

unty. Pa., aged 

nths and 24 days. 

—Mary E. Landis, 


at Lapel, Ind., by 

i Creek congregation, 

: days. April 11, 185-1. she man 
Services at Beaver Chapel 

i fifty : 

Button, 1 

etery adjoining. — Samuel C. Godfrej 

I, on go neo ker, Sister Nancy, daughtei 

County, Pa., of bronchial affection, ai 

by Rev. Claney, 
Mag-gart, Slste 

ministry, o 

nd has filled the pulp 


Saturday before his 

Byrf, SI 

ter Dorothy C, died 

/in Maggart. 

and four daughters. Feb. 

left a widow again after a few years. Septembei 

Wysong and the writer. 

Credlfibaufrh, Bro 

aughters preceded him. Services by 1 

-egation. Somerset County, Pa., aged 

: a loy..l n 

' Mil.- ;u,.i 

sui'vlvuit by his wire and three i 

line Egy Ma 

city « 


l good man, a loving companion 

he church in 1867, receiving baptism i 

ind father. He Is survived by hia wife and one daughter, 

Quine, Bro. Otto, riled Dee, 20 at the Florence Hospital, 

,.--|.ital. n M.l 

I by 1 

i by 1 


locating on Mill < 

'ery near by.l 
Dickey, Slati 

:ity. His wife 

in West Virginia e 

Upper Wolf Creek congregation, 

daughters, survives. In May, 1882, he unit 

5, 1820, In Washington 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5. 1916. 

t.M rcttii. oiivki. uii' 





died Ja 

Vefl by herliV-i,;,!,',' 


":',.! : 




cemetery ;i.j'j.»ii[iuk 


wiue. 1 


«*»'»= a 

r, Oatlmrine, daughte 






ly- ^^ '™ ^^ ^ ■ ■ ■ ■■ 

| Well Lined Book Shelves Are a 
Source of Comfort 

Watch our advertisements and increase your library from time to time. Before we adver- 
se any hook it must first be approved by a committee of the Church of the Brethren Why 

not take advantage of this safeguard? We are continually on the lookout for the -- ' ---' 

best books for YOU. Watch for the announcements 

Parent, Child, and Church. 

By Charles Clark Smith. 

A careful study of tile re- 
nous nature of the child, 
th a sane, clear, and 
operate di: 

veek to week. Here 

The Rural Church Movement. 

By Edwin L. Earp. 

A graphic and deeply interesting portrayal , 
rural church life and .importunity I'n, lessor Kai 
writes with knowledge thai tonus from «,,, 
experience and investigation. 

Some themes: The Spiritual Call of the Com 
try; The Kural-Mindedness of Jesus- The Kur 
Church of the Pioneer Days; A Suggested Horn 
Missions Policy. 

It is full of suggestions and ideas for worker 

177 pages, 

bound in cloth, title 

Clarke's Commentary. 

By Dr. Adam Clarke, 
i H. Spurgeon said, "Adam Cla: 

Six vohu 
Each volur 
Price, the i 

: Of S 

:rial 8vo. Cloth, lei 

The Adult Bible Class. 

By W. C. Pearce. 

107 pages, I2mo. Boards. 
A helpful book of methods. 
Price 30 cents 

The Early Church 

ention in the Sunday-school 

ling year. 

taut and valuable work on t 


By Sir Willi 
420 pages, bound in t 

M. Ramsay. 
, title stamped in gold. 

nd they should be given reading matter suit- 
ble for them. 


By Roger T. Finlay 
of books which are as wonderful as the 

island they des 

The boys on the island 
taught to make many arlit 



with a professor arc 
des, using nature's re- 
nt; many Ihrilling ,- X - 
nstruclivc. Ih,„ ,.,1 
ll page 


cry li, 

Interesting and Instructive. 

The Castaways. 

Exploring the Island. 

The Mysteries of the Caverns. 

The Tribesmen. 

The Capture and Pursuit. 

The Conquest of the Savages. 
Price, per copy, 

The Eternal Building 

By George T. Li 
Counsels for the young oi 
character. Divided into six 
chapters: The Discovery of 
the Building; The Physical 
Basis^ of the Building; The 

Life; The Dome 
Wonders; The j 
Within the Doni 
Wonderful Tenant 



of the 

te dance come in for their share 
ition. This hook should be read by 
people, especially, and by older ones 

exposing the 
nd dancing." 
ges, cloth bou 

• Very fine. Especially | 'M 

The House Fly, A Slayer of Men. 

By F. W. Fitzsimons, F. Z. S„ F. R. M. S., &c 

Now is the time to study so as to he able li 

handle the fly situation inl, llij.'.-mlv nest spring 

the harmless (?) hoc 
this little book. Thei 
work contains many i 

by all. 

90 pa 


i, and is authori- 
se reach of the 

adily understood 



book. 1 
copy wa 

Blood Against Blood. 

By Arthur Sidney Booth-CHbborn. 

a powerful argument against WAR. The 

Times says: " It is not an ordinary 

/ill be shown by the fait that a 

so befort 
placed in the hands o 
on the point of taking ; 

ned to become ; 

yonii- man 

We Pay the Postage 

The Brethren Publishing House 

Elgin, Illinois. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 5, 1916. 

TADI F nc mMTFMTS died last month, we chose Bro. John Zuck, of Clarence, 

TABLE Ot CUNltiNia. ^^ ^ ^ jn chargc for wl& Dr s B Mmer _ of 

Self-confidence In Good 89 Cedar Rapids, has promised to preach for us each Sunday 

ThT'cuba of Todny (D, L. M.) 8fl evening until some one else can be secured. 

The Undofinabies (H. B. B.) ........ ^ ^^ appreciated Bro. Eikenberry's presence and help, 

Bra." EBhelman^New' Booit."!!!! '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. '.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'• 90 and hope that other ministers, when passing this way, 

The School of Suffering 90 w jjj stQp Q ^ tQ ass ; st ua i n our WO rk. 

Utilizing Our Talent (Mrs.) Lizzie Rogers Leidigh. 

=■■•»?•.— R. D. 5, Marion, Iowa, Jan. 10. 

Concerning the Lenglh of Prayers, By 1'. S. Miller. . 82 ^ 

Our Duty to Our Schools- By 13. F. Sherfy 82 *-*— 

Music at Our Churches. By Mrs. Richard Kerr. .... . . 83 CHILD RESCUE WORK OF KANSAS. 

Church Dedication at Ping Ting Hfllen, Bnansl, China. 

By F. H. Crumpacker 8;i J an . 18 the trustees of the rescue work met at the 

National Defense ^ ? > L B £ ^^l™**™ ' ! ! " home of Bro ' K J ' Frice ' of McPherson < to * r a nBact such 

What "we Must By Oma Korn, ,.!.!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 84 business as required attention. Officers for 1916 were 

Custom and Conventional! tj By Wm. J. Tinkle. si elected: Bro. I. H. Crist, of Kansas City, President; Bro. 

^f'l'.^.^lT!!!'.^. . By .. W :.°!. Be ? k ! 86 D. A. Crist, of Quinter, Kans., Vice-president; Bro. W. H. 

An Old landmark.' 'By S. s! Lint,'...!! 8f. Miller, of Independence, Kans., Secretary; Eld. E. E. 

Report of President of Mount Morris College 85 j q ^ qJ j^cPherson, Kans., Superintendent; Bro. F. J. 

Tie Round Table,— Price, Treasurer. The work is growing, and results are, 

vPt; b^fJ 08 ' - I Sld iXStaSPV HoSowlf^A in the main ' gratifying. There will be, as far as possi- 

Bad 6 ' Oversight— Walter M. Sable. The Keynote.— ble, a sermon preached by the trustees in every church in 

Ida M. Helm 86 tne state, in the interest of the work. In the afternoon 

Home and Family,— of the same day a joint meeting of the Child Rescue 

Leaning Upon the Beloved (Poem).— Jus. A. Sell. Qod Trustees and Old Folks' Home Trustees was held, as pre- 

and the Child.— No. 4.— D. E. Crlpe Si v j ous i y arranged for by the several Districts of the State, 

" to consolidate our work under one management, thereby 

CHIPPEWA, OHIO. eliminating some expenses, and giving more prestige to 

On Sunday, Dec. 26, the Beech Grove Sunday-school the work. Bro. I. H. Crist, E. E. John and G. E. Shirkey 
gave a Christmas program, consisting mainly of recita- were elected a committee to investigate the cost and equip- 
lions, exercises and songs, the selections being taken ment of a retention home, to be located at Darlow, kans., 
mostly from " Tidings of Great Joy," which we procured near the Old Folks' Home, and to report at the next Dis- 
from the Brethren Publishing House. The primary and trict Meetings. By order of the Board of Trustees, 
intermediate pupils were the principal ones on the pro= W. H. Miller, Secretary, 

gram. Their productions were a credit to their teachers, 320 S. Eighteenth Street, Independence, Kans. 
who deserve much praise for their untiring energy in 
training the children for the occasion. Their thought ful- 
ness in remembering each child, by way of a treat, is also 
to be commended. 

Jn a general way, the school reversed the order of treat- 
ing, and did some things which we consider worth passing 
on. Our " Senior Men's Bible Class;' of which Bro. John 
Irvin is teacher, had, for some time previous, lifted spe- 
cial monthly collections. Finding that their treasurer held 
sixteen dollars, they decided to use it as a Christmas gift 
lor our home ministers. Accordingly, each ministei was 
furnished with a list of the Gish Fund books; also a cata- 
logue from the Brethren Publishing House, with instruc- 
tions to select books within a given sum. 

The "Young Men's Bible Class" likewise caught the 
true Christmas spirit and presented to Bro. Howard H. 
Helman, of an adjoining congregation, who had preached 
for us a number of times during the year, a copy of 
" Young's Analytic Concordance on the Bible." 

The Senior Women's Bible Class remembered our aged 
brother. Eld. Jacob Murray, while the Young Women's 
Bible Class presented their teacher with a greenback. 

Our superintendent, who was present every Sunday dur- 
ing the year, was not forgotten. 

We were happy to have with us, at this time, four mem- 
bers of the "Volunteer Mission Band," of North Man- 
chester College,— Sister Eva Shepfer and Brethren Spen- 
cer Minnich, Floyd Irvin and Frank Younker, — the last 
two being young men from this congregatic 



r chur. 


. the 

They had arranged a very instructive and interesting pro- 
gram, which was well received. A collection of a little 
over $7 was taken for mission purposes. 

On the last evening of the old year the Sunday-school 
executive committee, consisting of the superintendent, 
tlie assistant superintendent-elect, and the ministers, met 
to elect the remaining officers and teachers for the en- 
suing year. Our Sunday-school for 1915 had an average 
attendance of eighty-one, with a collection of $136 for 
the year. We equipped three rooms for Sunday-school 
classes in the basement, at a cost of about $60. We gave 
for mission purposes $40.33. We have a birthday treas- 
ury, which was created about two years ago. This lias 
brought to the school nearly $40. 

We also have a mission loan of $6. which we give out 
in small amounts to those who wish to invest. This is 
not quite all paid in, but the report shows $18 plus, — 
making a gain of twelve dollars. 

Wc are encouraged to put forth still greater activities 
for 1916, and through Christ we will win. 

Wooster, Ohio, Jan. 29. Mrs. H. M. Hoff. 


On Sunday morning, at 6 o'clock, our dear sisters ar- 
rived in Seattle on their way to China. Owing to a snow- 
slide in the Cascades, ahead of their train, they, were 
brought to Seattle over another route, thus making them 
ten hours late in arriving here. 

Through the generous hospitality of Brother and Sister 
C. H. Maust, Sisters Senger and Rider were well enter- 
tained. They now know how to share the gratitude of 
all our outgoing missionaries to China, for not one of 
the whole number has failed to enjoy their waiting time in 
Seattle in this hospitable home. 

It was a pleasure to our membership here, to study 
God's Word and worship together in our little church on 
Sunday morning. In the afternoon their presence was 
enjoyed in the Chinese Mission Sunday-school. At the 
evening hour the Christian Workers dispensed with the 
regular service to listen to an address by each of our sis- 
ters, which was much appreciated by all. 

Monday was spent in making final preparations. On 
Tuesday, at an early hour, a company of about twenty of 
us gathered at the dock to witness the departure of these 
dear workers for China. We gathered in the dining room, 
where Bro. D. B. Eby, of Sunnyside, led the final service. 
After an hour or more together, on the " Tamba Maru," 
the parting signal was given, the gang plank raised, and 
the vessel moved out to sea, — across the great Pacific. We 
were left on shore, to wave the last farewells. Those who 
have left us are entrusted to the Kind Father for his spe- 
cial care, while they are on the waters for four long weeks. 
Brethren and sisters, let us not neglect to hold them up 
in special prayer! Emma H. Eby. 

Seattle, Wash., Jan. 27. 

The Wonder Book 




ness meeting in our new 
church in Robins, Jan. 4. Bro. Eikenberry, of Dallas Cen- 
ter, was present. The church, by unanimous vote, called 
him to preside at the meeting. 

A vast amount of unfinished business from last council 
was disposed of, and officers were elected as follows : 
Christian Workers' Society president, Willis Meyers. 

Heretofore the Sunday-school at large elected her of- 
ficers separate from the church, but it was decided at 
ihis meeting to make the Sunday-school a part of the 
church work, and to elect her officers for the year at this 
lime, Grace Cripe was chosen as superintendent for this 

Bro. J. D. Meyers, our elder in charge for 191 5, having 


Notice to the Committeemen of the Committee of 

Location and Arrangement for the Middle 

Western District of the United States. 

As secretary of the Committee on Location and Ar- 
rangement for Annual Conference for the Middle West- 
ern District of the United States, I would kindly ask each 
committeeman, representing the several State Districts of 
the above-named zone, to send me his name and address 
and the name of the District he represents, so that I may 
have a correct file of the names of all committeemen, and 
be enabled to give due notice of any meetings which may 
be called. If any committeeman has previously sent me his 
name and address, I would like to have it again. A postal 
will be sufficient. I hope every committeeman will be 
interested enough in this matter to give me the informa- 
tion desired. M. J. Mishlcr. 

Conway, Kans., Jan. 24. 


May 13, 7 



ten stories that should be in every household 
and that should be read by all. Here are the 
titles: now judge for yourself. 

A Tale of Two Cities. By Charles Dickens. 

John Halifax, Gentleman. By Maria Mulock. 

Three Guardsmen. By Alexander Dumas. 

Kidnapped. By Robert Louis Stevenson. 

Les Miserables. By Victor Hugo. 

The Scarlet Letter. By Nathaniel Hawthorne. 

Pendennis. By William Makepeace Thackeray. 

Silas Marner. By George Eliot. 

Ivanhoe. By" Sir Walter Scott. 

Last Days of Pompeii. By Bulwer Lytton. 

2350 pages. 

Standard Library Size. 

Weight five pounds. 

Printed on English finish book paper. 

Bound in full cloth. 
'Lettered and ornamented in gold. 

This is astonishing value at the special low 
"price of $1.50 per set. Just think! 15c each for 
good standard stories by such eminent authors 
as Dickens, Hawthorne, Thackeray, George Eliot, 
Scott, Hugo, etc. 

If you do not have these books, you will do 
yourself and household an injustice unless you 
take advantage of the opportunity now offered. 


To the Book of Revelation is found in the Old 



Brother M. M. Eshelman 

types and emblems. 

Brother C. W. Guthrie says: "Having com- 
pleted the reading of the manuscript of the ' Open 
Way,' I consider it a marvel of completeness, 
free from speculative theology, evincing large re- 
search; and the interpretation is clear, logical, 
and reasonable." 

Con- May i 

216 pages. 

Six Modern Devils. 

By Wilbur R. Keesey. 

Treats upon some of the great evils of 
day, such as Bad Literature, the Liquor Ti 
Gambling Habit, the Gossip Evil, the Pie; 
Problem, and the Greed of Gold. 
Price, 35 

We pay the postage. 


Elgin, Illinois. 

The Gospel Messenger 


Vol. 65. 

Elgin, 111., February 12, 1916. 



The Annual Anti-Secrecy Convention. 

Many of our members are well and favorably acquaint- 
ed with the work that the National Christian Association 
is doing against the secret orders of our land. The next 
annual convention of that association, we learn, is to be 
held in our church at Ccrro Gordo, Piatt Co., 111., June 1 
and 2, — so it is now announced. Many of our members, 
en route to our Annual Conference at Winona Lake, from 
various points in the West, may find it convenient to at- 
tend the convention at Cerro Gordo, in order to be helped 
by the discussions and addresses. The work of the Na- 
tional Christian Association is a most important one, and 
our members can well afford to give it their most cordial 

support. - — 

Objectionable Advertising. 

Most of us have been chagrined, at times, to note the 
mass of objectionable advertising, found in the magazines 
and other periodicals that come to our homes. It is wor- 
thy of special mention, therefore, when a publisher rises 
to the importance of the occasion, and makes a clean 
sweep of the advertising rightfully objected to. At a loss 
of several hundred thousand dollars the Curtis Publish- 
ing Company, of Philadelphia, publishers of the "Ladies' 
Home Journal," "Saturday Evening Post," and "Country 
Gentleman" have ruled out all cigarette and tobacco ad- 
vertising. We trust that the good example, thus set, may 
induce a number of other influential journals to follow 
suit. A clean home should admit no other than a clean - 

journal. ! . 

Neighborhood Gossip. 

A recent divorce trial in the city of Cincinnati was 
shown, by the evidence submitted, to be wholly due tj 
malicious neighborhood gossip. A minister who happened 
to be present at court, that day, determined to reconcile 
the parties, — final action in the case having been deferred 
by the j'udge. By a tactful effort the minister accom- 
plished his task, and the success achieved caused a woman 
worker of the Court of Domestic Relations to suggest 
that ministers in general set themselves the special task 
of preaching sermons, now and then, upon the evils of 
neighborhood gossip. The suggestion is a most timely 
one. The poisonous tongue of gossip has at times not 
only separated husband and wife, but sometimes a whole 
church, and even an entire community, has been es- 
tranged, Let us get rid of malicious gossip. 

School Sororities and Fraternities. 
A good brother on the Pacific Coast suggests that more 
be said about the evils of the secret organizations, ex- 
ting in many of the high schools of our cities and towns. 

ire settled out of court in so 
satisfactory a manner that if every township followed its 
example, nine-tenths of the lawyers of this country would 
go bankrupt." What the South Waterloo members have 
so successfully accomplished, may be done equally well at 
other points, but will we do it? 

Transforming India's Outcastes. 


.■lids i 



The Contending Hosts. 

Chief interest at this time (forenoon of Feb. 8) cen- 
ters around Roumania, and its possible participation in 
the great struggle. Roth sides claim to have obtained 
promises, but it is altogether likely that the country will 
adhere to its present policy of neutrality. Latest re- 
ports from Washington indicate that all danger of a 
serious break in the friendly relations, hitherto existing 
between the United States and Germany, has practically 
disappeared. The latter has so nearly met the demands 
of Secretary Lansing and President Wilson, concerning 
the pending adjustment of the " Lusitania " affair, that 
the slight difference regarding the wording of the final 
clause is not likely to lead to trouble. It is gratifying 
that our Washington officials, while firm, are also men 

of discretion. - 

A Starving Nation. 

A pitiful picture is presented by the entire region of- 
what was once Russian and Austrian Poland. Promises 
have been given by Germany as well as Russia, that the 
ancient kingdom of Poland, as it originally existed, is to 
be restored after the war. But what are the starving 
people to do just now, with desolation all around them, 
and only the scantiest food supplies within reach? Thir- 
teen millions of these people still survive, subsisting 
mainly on roots and the bark of trees,— shelterless be- 
tween the frozen earth and the wintry skies. They must 
have shelter and food soon, or perish. The American 

German authorities that relief supplies will be forwarded 
promptly from the German coast to Poland. It now re- 
mains for the British Government to allow these ship- 
ments to pass the blockade. In the interest of starving 
Poland the permission should be speedily granted. Hu- 
manity demands it. 

Quakers Defending Their Name. 
While the Society of Friends, at its earliest inception 
did not recognize the name "Quaker" as its rightful ap- 
pellation, later years have made the term so common ev- 
erywhere that it has a certain, well-understood meaning. 
For some time the Quakers have,' by the aid of the 
courts, endeavored to restrain a certain advertiser of a 
well-known cereal from the use of the word "Quaker." 
Now they are confronted by the shocking discovery that 
a firm of distillers has named its vile output " Old Quak- 
er Furc Rye Whiskey," and has already constructed a 
sign to that effect, in New York. A firm 

serious obstacle to 
who disdainfully woi 
ligion." Just there, 
lias signally shown 

the acceptance of 


of 111. 



bottom np- 

When Chir 
rprising just 
trope are hopelessly ; 

in the schools of Los Angeles, Cal. The evils of secret 
orders in that city seem to be very similar to those in 
Chicago, before radical action was taken by the school 
authorities. The State law in California is very plain on 
the matter of ruling out these school societies, and the 
school authorities now propose to see that the law is 
carried out. Prominent educators in California, as. well 
as elsewhere, are unanimous in their absolute condemna- 
tion of these organizations. Not only do they foster a 
caste spirit, — those within the favored circle looking down 
upon the nonmembers, — but they are also productive of 
decreased interest in the school work proper, Like any 
other secret orders, they are fundamentally wrong. 

Godliness Profitable in AH Things. 
" Wallace's Farmer," Des Moines, Iowa, has a most 
interesting article on the country church, built by our 
members in Orange Township, near Waterloo, Iowa. A 
picture and write-up of this was given in a previous issue 
of the Messenger, but the writer above referred to shows 
how by the building of the church $10 was added to the 
value of every acre of land in the township, and consider- 
ably more than that to the value of the property in the 
immediate vicinity of the church, where the consolidated 
high school will soon be built also. One point in the 
article above referred to may well be emphasized: "The 
ciiilmsiasm which prompted the people of Orange Town- 
ship to build this expensive church, which is inducing its 
farmers to retire in the country, and to spend their decliu- 
'"g clays in peace and comfort among old associations 
which are dear to them, also has built up a community 
where justices of the peace and constables are not needed. 
For the last thirteen years neither of these officers of 
the law has qualified, because there has been no need of 


of brewers has also 

of advertising "Quaker Beer." Two bills in 
submitted by the Quakers, arc intended to correct this 
outrage, and we hope they will succeed in that mission. 
While for 250 years the Quakers have stood for some- 
thing, the wily manufacturer has not been slow to profit 
by their integrity and, as above noted, is anxious to make 
the name a part and parcel of his merchandise trade- 
mark. . 

His Little Talk, 
Several traveling salesmen happened to meet at a way- 
side station recently, and two of the number were soon 
discussing the all-engrossing subject of the present war 
and its relation to our country. One of the bystanders, 
who has been making his religion an intensely personal 
matter, listened awhile, and then delivered his little mes- 
sage as follows: "I am convinced that this war and all 
other wars are wholly wrong. I believe that it is our duty 
to work for peace, and to do it persistently. It is a great 
privilege. If, when I go to bed at night, I can not think 
of a single thing I have done all day to make this world 
a better and happier place, I feel that, as far as that one 
day is concerned, I might as well have been dead. It 
doesn't cost much, each day, to make some one smile, or 
to send a card or a letter to some lonesome friend, or to 
point some one to the Christ; but we too often forget, or 
feel that we haven't the time, to do the nobler thing. 
Life to me is serious, and if I have gained every material 
comfort, but have failed to answer the cry of my soul to 
the will and purposes of God. I have made an awful fail- 
ure." What a message he brought! And how it should 
touch the lives of all who have vowed to be faithful to the 
Loving Master,— the One who always went about doing 


low, — while the statesmen 
, as to the fu- 
ture rate ot the nations round about them,— that there is 
a marvelous unanimity as to China being the land of grow- 
ing importance. Napoleon, in his day, was keen enough 
to see the possibility of its eventual power, for he laid 
down this warning: "A lion is asleep; do not rouse him. 
When China is awake it will change the face of the world '» 
Our own diplomat, John Hay. who gained the complete 
confidence of the Chinese statesmen by his spirit of jus- 
tice and fair play, predicted: "Whoever understands 
China socially, economically, politically, religiously, has 
a key to world politics for the next five centuries." Most 
important of all, however, is the question whether Chris- 
tianity will be China's ruling factor in the days to come. 

Heathens of the Homeland. 
Doubtless there are sections in almost any county of 
the United States that are wholly devoid of religious in- 
fluences. Two leading universities of our land were re- 
cently arranging for a survey of the religious and educa- 
tional conditions, prevalent in several of the southeastern 
States. The investigators had not traveled very far until 
they reached a certain county, only to be told: "We do 
not need any inquiry here; we know every foot of this 
county." Notwithstanding the protest, however, an in- 
vestigation was made, and within but a short distance 
there was found a district, three miles from the nearest 
railroad, where the people knew nothing of church or 
Sunday-school, where Sunday labor was quite general, 
and where the conjugal relations were hardly up to the 
recognized standard of morality. Not a borne, in the 
section referred to, had a Bible or Testament. To its res- 
idents the name of Go% or Christ meant nothing, save 
as they sacrilegiously employed it in their shocking 
profanity. That it is possible to find such a godless lo- 
cality in this favored land of ours, seems almost past be- 
lief, but stranger still is the fact that the condition, above 
alluded to, is doubtless duplicated in many other counties 
Truly, there is " much land yet to be possessed- 
Upholding Christ's Teachings on Peace, 
With considerable satisfaction we note that a nuinljet- 
of well-known ministers in our large cities are openly 
espousing the cause of peace— a proceeding somewhat 
unpopular at the present time. Rev. John Haynes 
Holmes, of New York, is just finishing a series of twelve 
sermons on the suggestive theme: "The Reasonableness 
of Jesus' Teaching Against the Use of Physical Force, 
Either for Securing Moral Ends or in Individual and 
National Defense." So interested have the people be- 


, that i 



atbing arraign 

Ives Christian 
ord that Je: 

He deplored the 

it, by thei 
it on the i 
life of m 

out their real convictions, and who fail to de- 
le nation live on the higher plane of fair deal- 
:lared that it is the duty of the individuals, as 
nation, to go forward in full dependence 
's assurances as to national safety. Dr. 
efferson, of the Broadway Tabernacle, N. V- 
a preaching along the line of peace-promulga- 
■ies of four addresses, under the general head 
rils of Preparedness." So crowded has been 


■ spit 

: Of 1 

any < 

While many of the popular mil 
yielded to the hysteria of the times, and are p 
preparation for war." why should not those whi 
mind of Christ," fearlessly and persistently pn 
angel of peace and good will to all men? 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 




'"ci" , " r ;s i " b 

And Do I Know? 

•\nd do I know the glory far excelling 

That spreads U P 01l the hills and mountains fa 
And do I know the splendor of the dwelling 

Beyond the glimmer of the burning star? 
And do I know the depth of human blindness 

That stumbles where by faith our feet should s 
And have I felt the tides of human kindness 

Like gentle zephyrs from the better land? 
And have I known the voices, hushed in sadnes 

Of little children, by the loved and dead? 
And have I heard the bird-songs in their gladnei 

When summer sunsets tinged the west with rt 
And do I know the struggle,— O how drcaryl— 

Of those who triumph when the race is run? 
And know the overshadowing Presence near in 

That guards and guides until the crown be woi 
O Father I Kiss thy child, and lire my longing 

For greater knowledge of the lands afar — 
The wide expanses with thy glory thronging. 

Beyond the burning taper of a star! 
O God, the vast, the overpowering story 

Of Love Divine, how matchless! But above 
Our souls shall bask forever in thy glory, 

And better know the vastness of thy love! 
Mcclianicsburg, Pa. 

A Talk with the Banker. 


The president of a prosperous bank is always a 
busy man, but there are occasions when he has time 
to talk. It was on one of these occasions that we 
were invited to a seat for an interview, as the busy 
man sat at his desk. "For a while the conversation 
ran along general lines, then turned to a special sub- 
ject in which we were both interested. This led up 
to the question of methods, and it was then that he 
dwelt, for a few minutes, on some of the rules, regu- 
lating the people employed in his bank. 

He said that, on installing a new clerk, he, from 
I he very start, impressed on his mind the importance 
of cleanliness and system. He told him that in every 
part of his banking-house the floors and the desks 
must be kept absolutely clean, and that loose papers 
of any sort would not be tolerated. Every paper, 
every letter and every document must have a place, 
and should be in its place. Also ; that work must be 
kept right up to the handle, aruj that nothing should ra th er th 

be put off, that could possibly be attended to at the 
proper time. Furthermore, each man employed was 
told that he should, at all times, give himself a neat 
and clean appearance. His clothing should be neat 
and clean, avoiding extravagance, and all of his think- 
ing and work should be along clean lines. He then 
added, as he continued his remarks on methods, that 
he had always found that the man, who would observe 
these rules in life, could be depended upon for clean, 
straight-forward and honorable business. But the 
man who is careless with his person, indifferent re- 
garding his thinking, and lacking in system, could not 
be relied upon for first-class service in a business like 

of the work entrusted, by the Great Head of the 
church, to his people. 

But while employing the houses as religious cen- 
ters, where the Lord's business is transacted, how lit- 
tle attention is often given to what we regard as the 
Lord's business house, and the class of workers chosen 
to transact his business! How little consideration 
there is for the impression that such a building will 
make on the stranger, who passes along the road or 
the street, or to the newcomer who locates in the com- 
munity! Does the appearance of the building im- 
press the people of the community, or the stranger, 
favorably? Would one infer, from the building and 
the surroundings, that it is a place where a pros- 
perous business is carried on for the Lord? Say 
what we will, regarding outward appearances, they 
make impressions all the same. 

Then, how about the interior of the building? Is 
it clean, tidy and tasteful, or are there indications of 
carelessness, neglect and indifference on every hand? 
Is the furniture clean, — the minister's desk, and all? 
Are- the windows clean and the blinds arranged with 
taste? Are the walls attractive or repulsive? Are the 
floors clean enough to make them inviting to kneel 
thereon? Are the floors and seats littered with papers, 
and are the books scattered here and there? Does 
everything indicate a lack of system and a lack of 
taste? Bear in mind, that this is the Lord's house, 
and here is the place where his business is transacted. 
Does it look like a creditable place for transacting 
business of this sort? What kind of an impression 
does the place make on you, and the people of the 
community generally? 

Then, how about the members selected to take the 
lead in transacting business for the Master, in the 
building erected for that purpose? How about the 
men who occupy the pulpit? Do they impress you as 
men who do clean thinking? In an article on this 
subject, one ought not to have to say anything re- 
garding neatness and cleanliness of attire and person 
in the pulpit, but these things do make an impression 
and sometimes they are such as to repel. We mean 
that they drive business away from the house of the 

What we are saying about the men in the pulpit 
may appropriately apply to all the other workers 
employed in the different departments of church ac- 
tivities. This means the Sunday-school superintend- 
ent, the teachers, choristers, ushers, and possibly the 
janitor. In spite of all that may be said, in the interest 
of inward grace, the externals must be reckoned with, 
d for that reason they must be such as will attract 
:pel. We once knew a lady chorister. 

we must not permit those, in charge of the business of 
the kingdom, to lag behind the best of business men, 
even in methods and efficiency. It ought not to be 
said of us that the business men of this generation are 
wiser than those placed in charge of the Master's in- 
terest during his personal absence from the earth. 
Even the best that can be done will be found none too 
good for the cause we have been chosen to represent. 
We ought not to be satisfied with anything but the 
very best. 


We are wondering why rules of this type may not 
be made to apply to the places where business is trans- 
acted for the Lord. His people select a location, 
erect and equip a building, and proceed to transact 
business for the Master. Here they meet each Lord's 
Day. instruct one another and the children in the 
Scriptures, preach the Gospel, praise the Lord in song 
and prayer, and receive accessions to the church. 
Here they meet in the midweek prayer meetings, hold 
their love feasts, conduct their protracted meetings, 
and occasionally assemble in a members' meeting for 
special business. In this manner the meetinghouse is 


congregation of believers owning the property. They 
all. naturally, look to the building as their church 
center. Some congregations have branch houses, but 
it is understood that all of them are run in the interest 


Music in Our Everyday Life. 

How large a part does music have in our everyday 
lives, compared to what it should have? 

Truly, it is a long, tiresome day into which no hit 
of melody has found its way. The busy housekeeper 
never notices the extra effort it takes, to keep a tune 
going, while the mop, at the same time, is kept busy. 
All this because melody always lightens the burden of 
hard work. 

Now, what do we sing as we go about our work, 
and what do we play on our pianos and phonographs 
at the end of the day? Let's be sparing of the cheap- 
sounding, trashy stuff. We can not afford to let our 
children hear much of it. Their musical tastes are 
being formed all the while, and are easily marred. 

It is interesting to note the change for the better 
that has lately begun to take- place in the music of 
the average home. I should say that this remarkable 
and altogether delightful change has been brought 
about by nothing else than the opportunity of hearing 
the best, perfectly rendered right in our own homes, 
as recorded and reproduced by the phonograph. 

Repeated over and over, it can not help but have its 
effect, hence we hear the beautiful melodies from the 
classics and the better grade' of modern music sung 
and hummed everywhere, in place of the stuff we 
heard a few years ago. Can you think what this 
familiarity with the best music will mean to the coun- 
try in the future? 

Most people, with bad musical taste, are not to be 
blamed. Given repeated opportunities of hearing the 
best, attractively rendered, they will invariably choose 
the best. Then let's have only the best. 

■Ashland, Ohio, 

He Cleanseth It That It May Bear More 

hose short, loose sleeves, as she beat time when lead- 
ing a song, prompted some people to make remarks 
about the extent of the arm exposure for the occasion. 
We may be told that spiritually-minded people, in a 
religious service, should not permit themselves to 
even think about such things. It may, however, be 
well to bear in mind that there are always some, in 
every religious assembly, whose spiritual attainments 
have not reached the higher plane. Furthermore, the 
eyes of the most devout may, at times, lead them to 
think thoughts that can not be dismissed without ef- 

But a bank president, or a first-class business man- 
ager, would never apologize for an indiscreet clerk 
and reprimand a customer. He would first commend 
his customer for his high ethical ideas, and then see 
to it that his clerk either prepared himself for making 
better impressions, or give place to a more desirable 

In view of the fact that the church is entrusted with 
the most important line of business, known to man- 
kind, might it not be well for our people to take a few 
pointers from the successful banker, and to see what 
we can do to make our church buildings creditable 
places for transacting business for the Lord, and fur- 
ther to see to it that all of the chosen workers adopt 
center for the church, a center for the such methods and systems as will enable them to 
1 as for the spiritual interests of the bring about the best possible results? Let us strive 


become fully as diligent and as efficient, in doing 
business for the Master, as is expected of the business 
man who is making his work a success. If the church 
of God is to succeed, as the Master intended it should, 

Part One. 

nch that beareth fruit, be cleanseth it, 
that it may bear more fruit. Already ye are clean because 
of the word which I have spoken unto yon. Abide in me 
and I in you. . . . If ye abide in me, and my words 
abide in yott, ask whatsoever you will and it shall be 
done unto you. Herein is my Father glorified, that yc 
bear much fruit; and so shall ye be my disciples. Even 
as the Father hath loved me, I also have loved you; abide 
ye in my love. If ye keep my commandments, ye shall 
abide in my love; even as I have kept my Father's com- 
mandments and abide in his love. These things have I 
spoken unto you, that my joy may be in you, and that your 
joy may be made full." (John 15: 2-11). 

In the fifteenth chapter of John there are three 
main parts. It is a chapter of relationships, — the 
three-fold relationship of a Christian : 

1. His relation to God, the Father, and the Son 
(verses 1-11). 

2. His relation to his fellow-Christian (verses 12- 

3. His relation to the world (verses 18-27). 

Our study for today is concerning the true Chris- 
tian's relation to God. 

In these verses, this relationship is discussed, first, 
under the metaphor (or allegory, as some think) of 
the vine and the branches (verses 1-8). In verses 9 
and 10 this same subject is discussed literally, and so 
verses 9 and' 10, about love and keeping God's com- 
mandments, are an explanation of what is meant in 
the figurative discussion of verses 1-8. Already in the 
third verse the underlying thought of Jesus creeps 
out when he mentions " the word " which he had 
spoken to them. 

In verse 11 we are told that such a life of full and 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 


loving obedience is the fundamental secret of full- 
ness of joy, and the only secret of a completely joyous 
life under human conditions. Our Lord suggests that 
this was the secret of his own perpetual and satisfy- 
ing joy, just as it is to be the secret of joy in the lives 
of his followers. 

Is it not true that the only really and abidingly 
happy people are the fully consecrated ones? Those 
who are filled with the Spirit have, as the fruit of the 
Spirit, love and joy. 

The principal ideas in the entire passage are, — 
abiding, cleansing, asking, fruit-bearing, glorifying 
the Father, fullness of joy; and one might say that the 
abiding is in order to the cleansing, and the cleansing 
is in order to the asking or prayer, and the prayer 
is in order to the fruit-hearing, and the fruit-henrin^ 
results in the glorifying of the Father, and in the 
blessedness of the disciples. Let these words, then, 
constitute our outline for the discussion that follows. 


(1) Abiding in Him, — "Abiding," in the Greek, is 
the word for remaining, or staying, or continuing 
just where you are. The passage is spoken to those 
who are already the faithful disciples of the Lord, 
who have been cleansed and are bearing some fruit 
(see verses 2 and 3), and the plea is that they should 
remain or continue faithful as disciples. They should 
not forsake him, following some other. Tfiey should 
not give up their faith in his teaching, being carried 
away by some wind of false doctrine ; and the promise 
is that, as they had already profited by being his dis- 
ciples, so, by remaining his disciples, there would be 
a continuation of such blessing. The warning, on the 
negative side, is that if they do not abide, or remain, 
or continue faithfully as his disciples, they will suffer 
the same fate that the branch does when it is cut off 
from the vine,— first it withers, then it is gathered 
and burned. So would they lose the blessing and 
lose their fruitfulness, and end in making a wreck 
and ruin of life. 

(2) Abiding in His Love. — He who abides in Christ 
keeps himself inside the charmed circle of the love 
of Christ,— in that secret place where no evil shall 
befall, where there is defense against all harm, where 
the love of God can do for your life all that it desires. 
Some people seem to imagine that if they would yield 
themselves wholly to God, that God would seize the 
opportunity of making them very miserable. On the 
contrary, God loves us. He does not hate, for God 
is love. He can not hate. He can not destroy. He 
can not harm, for he loves ; and it is when we break 
loose from him and get outside of the power and in- 
fluence of his love that evil befalls, that harm comes, 
that destruction finds its opportunity. He that abides 
in God, abides in love. 

Our Lord went so far as to say that even as the 
Father had loved him, he also loves us ; that with the 
same absolute faithfulness with which God cared for 
Jesus during his human life, with this same faithful- 
ness he will unfailingly bless us. Our Lord said that 
the Father had never left him alone, because he did 
always those things which pleased him. 

(3) Keeping His Commandments.— -This is the 
method of abiding. While we obey, we abide. If we 
love, we will obey, and if we fully obey we fully 
abide. It is only when there are mental reservations 
and misgivings and something else than full obedience 
that we depart from God and hinder his love from 
having its way, from doing his first best will for us. 
Our Lord says that the method by which he remained 
faithful within the blessed compass of the Father's 
loving favor, was by absolute obedience, for he said, 
" I do always the things that please him." " I came 
down from heaven not to do mine own will but the 
will of him that sent me." " The words that I speak 
are not mine but the Father's which sent me." " The 
works which I do are not mine but the Father dwell- 
ing in me doeth his works." " I seek not my own 
glory, but the glory of him that sent me." " My food 
and my drink is to do the will of him that sent me, 
and to accomplish his work." At the close of his life 
he could say, without reservation or limitation, 
" Father, I have finished the work which thou gavest 
me to do. I have glorified thee on earth." 

At another time Jesus said, " As the Father hath 
sent me, and I live by the Father, so he that eateth 
me shall live by me." And as he here said, " Apart 
from me ye can do nothing," so he had said before, 
" The Son can do nothing except what he seeth the 
Father do." 

The Son's method, then, of abiding through ab- 
solute, minutest, unceasing obedience, is to be our 
Perfect Example. " Even as the Father hath loved 
me, I also have loved you. If ye keep my command- 
ments, ye shall abide in my love ; even as I have kept 
my Father's commandments, and abide in his love." 

Chicago, III. 

pply the whip or rod. Remember that such a soul 
i sick and needs every tender care, just as a nurse 
r doctor would give. 
. Ihilnic, Kans. 

Sickness, — Physical and Spiritual. 

Some weeks ago we were having fine weather here 
in Kansas, and, strange as it may seem, we had an 
unusual amount of sickness, — due, probably, to this 
very same fine weather. It was really too warm for 
winter weather, and this, along with the fact that (he 
I air was dry and the roads and streets a bit dusty, 
was seemingly conducive to the easy transference of 
disease germs from one place to another. 

I see a like situation with reference to spiritual 
sickness. We are living in the golden age when every 
modern convenience and every up-to-date facility for 
doing the Lord's work in the most expeditious, satis- 
factory manner is at our command. 

We have (in many places) the most modern 
methods for heating and lighting our churchhotises, to 
make them comfortable and sanitary. We have our 
splendid modern ways of getting to the house of 
worship without any exposure to our bodies at all. 
We have modern equipment for running our Sun- 
day-schools, — lesson helps, charts, graded lessons, 
comfortable Sunday-school rooms, live singing, etc. 
We have our publishing houses, which can supply us 
with £.n unlimited range of splendid books, and liter- 
ature of different kinds. With all these helps, with 
conditions so favorable, we surely should be the most 
highly developed, the most spiritual people of any 
time and place. But are we, — really? I fear we are 
not. I fear that many of us are weak and sickly, and 
that not a few sleep. Many are at ease in Zion, and 
that, too, for much the same reason as assigned 
for so much physical sickness here in Kansas. 

With all our better methods for carrying on the 
Lord's work (things all right in themselves, if rightly 
used), we must recognize the fact that the devil also 
uses modern methods in accomplishing his purposes. 
The germs of sin seem to travel faster and farther 
in our splendid civilization. One reformer puts it 
thus: " So long as there is a dark spot in a back alley 
of Chicago, New York City or San F.rancisco, with 
all our modern transportation facilities no rural vil- 
lage is safe from pollution." 

I notice another thing about this fine weather, — 
or rather about the people. Our " power of resist- 
ance " is low. People who live in a more frigid 
climate arc more rugged because, through cold and 
privation, nature arms itself against disease. So in 
these modern times people seem not to have the moral 
and spiritual backbone they had when they were 
called upon to seal their faith with their blood. So, 
while fine weather is to be desired, and good moral 
and spiritual opportunities are at hand, yet people 
will get sick physically and spiritually. 

Now as to the remedy. Space forbids, — even if I 
had the ability, — that I should present a panacea 
for every form of spiritual malady, any more than 
to advise .every sin-sick soul to seek the Great Phy- 
sician. Go to him in prayer; go to him in the study of 
his Word and in attendance at the house of worship, 
where you can meet him in the Sunday-school, the 
preaching service, the prayer meeting, etc. Go to him 
in faith and obedience. He will make you " whole." 

Just this little suggestion to those whose duty it is 
to care for the spiritually sick. Don't do as the writer 
has been tempted to do, — 'get cross and become im- 
patient. When some one acts ugly, — pouts, grumbles, 
complains, keeps bad company, stubbornly refuses to 
attend church, or is inconsistent in any way, — don't 


"Every one is given to covetousness" (lor. 6: 13; read 
Luke 12: 13-21). 

Anciently covetousness was used only in a bad 
sense. It seems to have been a very popular sin. 
Paul, seeing its popularity, makes use of it for a good 
purpose. Webster gives us two definitions: Good, 
" To wish for eagerly." Bad, " To wish for inordinate- 
ly and unlawfully." 

To the church at Corinth, Paul wrote, " Covet earn- 
estly the best gifts" (1 Cor. 13: 21). Best gifts im- 
plies more than to be the best Sunday-school teacher 
or officer, or the best singer, deacon or preacher. Of 
these, there can be only one best. But if we " covet 
earnestly " and secure such gifts as wisdom, patience, 
meekness, etc., it does not, in any way, interfere with 
every other one doing the same. 

Strength, both physical and spiritual, is a great help 
in Christian duty. Paul says, "Quit you like men, 
he strong " (1 Cor. 16: 13). To the Ephesian brethren 
Paul wrote, " Be strong in the Lord, and in the power 
of his might" (Eph. 6: 10). He urges Timothy to 
" Be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus " (2 
Tim. 2: 1). 

In a time of sore trial, Paul says that the Lord told 
him, " My strength is made perfect in weakness " 
(2 Cor. 12: 9). After attending to his varied expe- 
riences, " everywhere and in all things," he exultantly 
exclaims, " I can do all things through Christ which 
strengthened me " (Philpp. 4: 13). Thus we see that 
spiritual strength is a good thing earnestly to covet. 

It is recorded of Moses that he was " meek, above 
all the men which were upon the face of the earth " 
(Num. 12: 3). In the Beatitudes our Lord said, 
"Blessed are the meek" (Matt. 5: 5). Of himself 
he said, " I am meek and lowly in heart " (Matt. 11 : 
29). Long before his advent into this world, the 
prophet foretold of a manifestation of his meekness, 
which was fulfilled in his triumphant entry into Jer- 
usalem, a short time before his death (Matt. 21 : 5-11). 

The apostle speaks of " The ornament of a meek 
and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God, of great 
price" (1 Peter 3: 4). Thus it will be seen that 
meekness is one of the best gifts, — one that may be 
coveted earnestly, without interfering with the priv- 
ileges of others. 

Patience is another of the best gifts that should be 
coveted earnestly. (It is rather remarkable that the 
word patience does not occur in the Old Testament. 
Patient occurs once and patiently twice.) 

The trial of the patience of Job and his victory have 
given him a world-wide and everlasting notoriety 
The words of the apostle, " Ye have heard of the 
patience of Job" (James' 5: 11), will ring down to 
the end of time and over into eternity. It is safe earn- 
estly to covet patience. 

"Wisdom is the principal thing; therefore get wis- 
dom: and with all thy getting get understanding," 
(Prov. 4: 7). " Knowledge is easy to him that under- 
standeth" (Prov. 14: 6). Knowledge and under* 
standing are not always wisdom. A knowledge of the 
tricks and devices of gambling, and many other sins, 
might not be wisdom. Wisdom is always good; there- 
fore it is right and safe earnestly to covet wisdom. 

Faith, like that of Abraham, should be possessed 
by every Christian. We have many things to strength- 
en our faith that Abraham did not have. We should 
have more faith than he had. Without faith it is im- 
possible to please him [God]" (Heb. 11 : 6). There- 
fore it is right and proper for every Christian earn- 
estly to covet more faith. 

Love is the greatest gift any one can covet. It is the 
best thing in the world. The more each one has of it, 
the better for all concerned. Imagine a community 
where all love one another. There would he no saloon, 
poorhouse or jail there. Peace would be everywhere. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 

The Prince of Peace would reign supreme. Let us, 
then, earnestly covet love and peace. 

Our text says, " Every one is given to covetousness." 
We have been looking at the good side of the sub- 
ject. There is another side. We dare not omit that. 
In the Old Testament, covetousness is always used 
in a bad sense. The first time the word occurs in the 
Bible is in selecting competent judges, " Able men, 
such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness" 
(Ex. 18: 21). The next time is in the ten command- 
ments, graven in stone by the finger of God (Ex. 20: 
17). The Psalmist speaks of "The covetous, whom 
the Lord abborreth " (Psa. 10: 3). How careful we 
should be lest the Lord abhor us for this popular, de- 
ceptive and dangerous sin} 

The wise man says, "The slothful . . . 
coveteth greedily all the day long" (Prov. 21: 26). 
Some of you have heard loafers criticising industrious, 
prosperous people and even the Government; clamor- 
ing for an equal chance, " coveting greedily all day 
long." They are a detriment lo any community. 

Again, " He that loveth silver shall not be satisfied 
with silver, . . . this is also vanity" (Eccl. 5: 10). 
Do you suppose the richest man you know is satisfied 
with what lie has? Hear the inspired writer's warn- 
ing, "Woe unto him that coveteth an evil covetous- 
ness to his house" (Hab. 2: 9). Long ago a man 
bought a lottery ticket without being covetous. He 
bad a prosperous business. A report that he had 
drawn a valuable prize was beard by others before he 
beard it. One offered him $100 for his ticket, an- 
other, $1,000, and still another $10,000. He gave all 
the same answer: " If it is worth that much to you, 
it is worth that amount to me. I will not sell at any 
price." He shut up bis shop and went home. He and 
bis wife did not sleep any a.11 night. They were 
wondering and planning how they would use and en- 
joy their great fortune. The next day came positive 
evidence that he had drawn a blank. He went back to 
bis business and said, " I am glad we got nothing, for 
the one day and night we thought we were rich was 
the most miserable one of our life." " Woe unto him 
that coveteth an evil covetousness." 

There are many instances of covetousness recorded 
in the Bible. Let us note just a few: 

Lot was covetous in choosing the best, regardless of 
danger. He failed while his uncle was blest. 

Jacob, through covetousness, received the blessing 
which his brother very foolishly bartered away, but he 
had to flee for his life. 

/Ichan coveted the fine garment, and the gold and 
silver, but they cost him his life. 

Gehasi sought, by a clever trick, to get a valuable 
present from grateful Naaman by falsehood. He got 
more than be" asked. What value were valuable pres- 
ents to a leper " white as snow"? Covetousness was 
bis ruin. 

We have noticed that in the New Testament, covet 
is sometimes used in a good sense. It is also used in 
a had sense. Judas coveted thirty pieces of silver. 
He got them, and with them remorse. Did it satisfy? 

The rich young ruler did not covet what belonged 
to others, but he was loo much attached to what he had. 
Tesus loved him and told him how to secure what lie 
wanted. This may be a good, practical lesson to us. 
Are we willing to consecrate all we have to God? 
" Will a man rob God " (Mai. 3:8)? We would bet- 
ter test ourselves now than to wait until we appear be- 
fore the Great Judge. 

Ananias and Sapphira coveted what belonged to the 
cburch. They were defeated. Dear brethren and 
sisters, is there not danger of our being guilty of the 
same sin? When we report our valuation for the 
Lord's portion we say. " Yea, for so much " (Acts 5 : 
8). Those were the last words that Sapphira ever 
uttered. Was it not awful to die with that lie on her 
lips? Let us take warning. "Be sure your sin will 
find you out" (Num. 32:23). 

We have mentioned only a few of the many instanc- 
es of covetousness. recorded in the Bible. Do you 
know of a single one that did not lead to failure? The 
text says. " Every one is given to covetousness." The 
danger is as great today as it was when the words 
were first written. Remember the warning of our 
Savior, " Beware of covetousness." 

I am sounding these warnings to myself as well as 
to others. I know I need them. I believe there is 
great danger in this popular, dee'eptive sin. That is 
the reason why I speak so plainly. May God impress 
these solemn truths heavily on every heart, and keep 
us from the awful sin of covetousness! 

Panora, Iowa. 

The New Calendar. 


It is quite a general custom among business firms 
to extend to their customers their thanks for past 
favors, and solicitations for future trade, this being 
done in the form of decorated calendars for the new 
year. Varied are the scenes which adorn these wall 
decorations, and not the least among them is the 
one with the figure of a pretty young woman or girl, 
enrebed in most fashionable atlire. Nearly everybody 
likes to see pretty calendars, and some even make it 
a fad, in going from store lo store, and from bank to 
bank, to collect these art souvenirs. 

Not long since, several sisters were spending a few, 
hours together in a phase of church activity, when 
one, returning from a store, presented for their ad- 
miration a new calendar, — the picture of a young 
woman whose adorning was evidently the outward 
adorning. Several remarks were to be heard, " Isn't 
that pretty?" "Oh, how pretty," and "Isn't that 
beautiful?" Now these were good sisters, — sisters 
who have tried to adorn themselves with a quiet and 
meek spirit, and they were making growth in that 
direction, too. They did not mean to approve the 
wearing of such apparel as displayed on the calendar, 
either for themselves or their children, yet to* hang 
up such a picture, with its silent, but daily influence 
on the wall, before the young girls of the church, is 
not the most helpful influence. It is not a positive 
force on the side of the simple life in dress, neither 
will it tend to the simple life in other things. It can 
not, possibly, enrich the soul. When the sister said, 
" Oh. how pretty," she doubtless had in mind the 
faultless features of the vision of the artist, and not 
the fluffy-fussies of her gown. Had one been present 
who was a life-sized embodiment of the artist's design, 
knowing the principle for which the sisters stood, she 
would have thought, — even if she had not so ex- 
pressed herself, — "Yes, they disapprove the wearing 
of such clothing, but they are ready to admire its 

Mothers, what do the calendars in your home look 
like? Are there young lives around your fireside to be 
impressed for eternity by the calendars on your wall? 
May it not be that some such creation of the artist 
has become the idol of your girl's heart, and is re- 
ceiving her adoration and worship instead of the 
Christ? Are. the sentiments, thus expressed, in keep- 
ing with your profession and the cause you love? 
Think on these things! 

Kingsley, Iowa. 

The Ordinance of Feet-Washing. 

John 13: 1-10.* 

Time. — This ordinance was founded on the night 
previous to Christ's crucifixion,— Thursday night, sup- 
posedly. It occurred in connection with the meal com- 
monly known as the Lord's supper. Specifically, it 
was during the meal, for "he ariseth out of" (Gr. 
egeiretai ek) the supper; that is, " in the midst of the 
supper," while it was in progress. It was not the 
preparation of the supper, but the supper itself. 

Place. — The place where this event occurred was 
in an upper room, furnished, in the city of* Jerusalem 
(Matt. 26: 17-19; Mark 14: 12-16; Luke 22: 7-13). 

Example. — This ordinance was founded directly by 
Christ himself. He taught it by his own example. 
" He riseth from supper, and layeth aside his gar- 
ments, and he took a towel, and girded himself. Then 
he poureth water into the basin, and began to wash 
the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel 
wherewith he was girded" (verses 4 and 5). "For 
I have given you an example, that ye also should do 
as I have done to you" (verse IS). 

Precept. — Secondly, Christ taught the ordinance by 

precept, " If I then, the Lord and the Teacher, have 
washed your feet, ye also ought to wash one another's 
feet. Ye also should do as I have done to you " 
(verses 14 and 15). 

Condescension. — In connection with this event we 
have Christ's relation to the disciples brought out. We 
have three points of condescension, viz.: (1) He 
came from the Father (verse 3) ; (2) Teacher (verse 
14; (3) Lord (verse 14). He came down from heav- 
en and became man, — God in the flesh. As a man he 
condescended to he a servant. And as a servant he 
came down to death. Heaven, man, servant, death. 

The disciples recognized Jesus as being superior lo 
them. They called him Teacher and Lord (verse 13). 
There is no teacher without a pupil. There can not 
be a lord (master) without a servant (slave). The 
relation between the two is obvious. From the nature 
of the case, the teacher is greater than the pupil, and 
the lord is greater than the servant. We have this in 
the case before us: This superior Person, Christ, 
condescended, — humbled himself,- — to do a servant's 

Significance of a Cleansing. — Next we turn to the 
spiritual or moral significance of the ordinance. It 
seems very obvious from verse 11 that it is not an 
outward cleansing but an inner, spiritual cleansing. 
"He kneiv who should betrav him; therefore said he, 
Ye are not all clean" (verse 11). 

Lesson on Humility. — The feet-washing occasion 
was an object lesson for the disciples. In verses 
twelve to eighteen we have Jesus giving an explan- 
ation or a discussion on what he did. And in these 
verses it is unmistakably clear that it is a lesson on 
humility: "Ye call me, Teacher and Lord: If I then, 
the Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, ye also 
ought to wash one another's feet." This Superior 
Person condescends and humbles himself to do a serv- 
ant's act, that they might have an example. This 
thing that became the immediate cause for the service 
of feet-washing, was, beyond all doubt, the spirit of 
emulation among the disciples. 

Luke is clear on this point. " But ye shall not be 
so : but be that is the greater among you, let him be- 
come as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that 
doth serve. For which is greater, he that sitteth at 
meat, or he that serveth? but I am in the midst of 
you as he that serveth " (Luke 22: 26,27). Compare 
with these verses John 13: 16, "Verily, verily, I say 
unto you, A servant is not greater than his lord; 
neither one that is sent greater than he that sent him." 

Luke's account of this occasion gives the spirit that 
prevailed among the disciples: "And there arose also 
a contention among them, which of them was ac- 
counted fhe greatest" (Luke 22: 24). Contention! 
strife! Jesus wanted to eliminate from them the spirit 
of emulation. The cleansing is a cleansing from big- 
otry and exaltation, from selfishness and pride. It 
does not teach a cleansing from such sins as lying, 
stealing, etc. It is clearly a lesson on humility. Jesus 
taught a lesson on the same subject once before. His 
object, then, was that of a little child, but that lesson 
does not seem to have had the desired effect. The les- 
son of feet-washing went home. 

Greatness in Service. — True greatness lies in service. 
In Luke 22 : 27 Christ calls attention to the fact that 
the one who sits at meat is counted or understood as 
being above the one who serves the table. Yet Christ 
says : " I am in the midst of you as one that serveth." 
This Lord and Master was but a servant. True great- 
ness, as shown by service, is in keeping with Christ's 
teaching elsewhere on the same subject. 

It teaches also Christ's idea of service. First, an 
iiidiridual service, — not to masses. Christ's service 
here, in the feet-washing act, was man to man. And, 
second, it therefore became a personal service. There 
was the personal touch, the direct influence of the 
power of personality. And, thirdly, the equality of 
service. Christ washed their feet, and they should 
wash one another's feet. Jesus became the servant. 
The servant is not greater than bis lord ; and the apos- 
tle is not greater than the one who sent him (verse 16). 
And the " Servant Jesus " sent them. 

Motive and Blessing. — " If ye know these things, 
blessed are ye if ye do them " (verse 17). There is a 
blessing in washing feet knowingly. There is no bless- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12. 1916. 


ing in the mere knowing of it, nor in the mere doing 
of it, but in the two combined. We are promised hap- 
piness because we do these things knowingly. 

This is true only when done in the right motive. 
There may be those who know it and do it, and yet 
may not get the blessing out of it. 
" To know a thing and do it 
Is not all there is to it."— Hoff. 

We may have the form without the spirit. Christ 
here points out Judas when he says : " I speak not con- 
cerning you all." The Judases will not get the blessing, 
even though they know it and do it. Judas had the 
form but not the spirit. 

The Peter Episode. — In verses four and five is the 
feet-washing. Verses twelve to twenty give the teach- 
ing on it. Verses six to eleven is the Peter episode 
which is really parenthetical. If Peter had not object- 
ed. Christ would have gone right on and washed their 
feet. In this incident, however, we get some clear 
teaching. Especially is the point of moral cleansing 
clearly brought out. Peter, like Nicodemus (John 3), 
thought at once of the physical. Nicodemus did not, 
at first, grasp that Christ meant the spiritual birth. 
So Peter did not grasp, at first, that Christ here meant 
a spiritual cleansing. 

Lezuislown, Pa. 

" Stoning the Babylonians." 

At a recent meeting of the Los Angeles Ministers' 
Alliance, " Preparedness," — a word which expresses 
among militarists, a readiness for human carnage, riv- 
ers of blood, desolated homes and horrible sufferings 
among all classes, was " debated from the floor and 
the platform." Here are a few of the preachers' 
teachings : " You can. pat a lion on the head when he 
starts to chew your arm off, and can tell him he is 
doing the wrong thing, but he will continue to chew 
your arm. What a person ought to have, in such a 
case, is a gun. We can not disarm, because our arm- 
ament protects us. It can be maintained at a min- 
imum cost." 

Jesus' answer is, " My kingdom is not of this world ; 
if my kingdom were of this world, then would my 
servants fight" (John 18: 36). If Jesus' plan em- 
braced the killing of human beings, rest assured that 
his servants 'would ever be prepared with all kinds of 
war material. It looks as if God is abandoning human 
kind, for human kind has destruction in mind on all 
hands. " A remnant " is still for " peace and good 



Another preacher said: "Where would we be if it 
were not for the spirit that prompted us to resent 
taxation without representation? Where would 
Christianity be if we had not stoned the Babylonians 
to preserve the manuscript of the Bible?" 

To this the Holy Spirit replies: "Recompense to 
no man evil for evil." " Avenge not yourselves, but 
rather give place to wrath; for it is written, Ven- 
geance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord" (Rom. 
12: 17, 19). 

Evidently' some preachers are still against Jesus 
Christ and the Holy Spirit, and most of those preach- 
ers are in " high places." 

Christians never had occasion " to stone the Baby- 
lonians to preserve the manuscripts of the Bible." If 
there ever was any stoning, it was Babylonian denom- 
iuationalism stoning believers, according to Heb. 11 : 

History is full of stoning and bloodshed by the very 
kind of spirits now urging upon our Government 
" preparedness," to make more widows and orphans, 
and to cause human blood to soak the earth as does a 
great rain. There is, absolutely, not one redeeming 
feature in any war. It is full of the fruits of insanity. 

Already there is a great increase in womankind on 
account of the most cruel war in Europe, and in an- 
other year the number of widows and orphans will be 
appalling, if it is not already staggering to God's child- 
Must, or will, polygamy be the next plea, because of 
the preponderance of womankind, and the scarcity 
of men? Peer into the future, and see the possibility 
of awful dangers, all because politicians, preachers, 

writers, and others, think the United States must get 
ready to slaughter people and devastate the land. 

I plead with our dear brethren : " Stay out of pol- 
itics. It is a blind lane, full of traps." My observation 
of politics has taught me the wisdom of getting away 
from the filthy things that are taught under the guise 
of " patriotic impulses." Please do not be entrapped! 
God will, in his own good time, bring all things of 
violence to an end. He will be victorious over all this 
wicked killing. You. my dear saints, know the Book. 
Stand by its great messages! Get and keep the peace 
that passeth all understanding! 

Tropico, Cat. 

The Recovering of Sight to the Blind. 

I believe the Scriptures mean what they say, in 
announcing, at the initiation of the ministry of Jesus, 
that he came to recover sight to the blind, In these 
few lines of Luke 4: 18. 10 Jesus announced the be- 
ginning of an end. He discerned natural forces and 
moved in this plane of God's laws. The Gospel suc- 
ceeds in regenerating from within. His truth will 
never grip without till it has gripped within. Many 
want a righteousness that will pay them 6 per cent 
interest, and they selfishly expect God to take care of 
them when they get into a hot place. 

1. But who are these blind? Tell us, Peter: " Eor 
he that lacketh these things (growth in Christian 
graces as in the previous verses) is blind, seeing only 
what is near" (2 Peter 1: 9). 

Our superficial age. with its superficial pleasures ; 
our methods of quick business gain ; our nation with 
its plans to do things quickly; our Sunday-schools and 
churches, with devices to get results quickly, — pews 
filled, treasury filled, — tell us of a failure to see the 
larger horizon through a persistent and vigorous 
growth that is attained through constant, steady but 
sure and upward progress. 

2. Who are blind? Jesus answers, "Ye blind 
guides, that strain out the gnat, and swallow the 
camel" (Matt. 23: 24). They are those who see 
little things big, and big things little. It is ceremony 
upon ceremony; it is precept upon precept, and count- 
less conventionalities, as though the performance of 
these would atone for law, justice, mercy, and faith. 
It is shocked with the accident at the door, but fails. 
in perspective, to hear the groans beyond the sea. It 
hurries to the morning paper, in hopes that some great 
battle has been fought, that the selfish emotion of 
curiosity may be satisfied, and is disappointed if it 
fails to find its desire. It sees, as a great sin, the 
stealing of an apple by that little hungry boy, but is 
not grieved for the popular church-member who 
steals a railroad. It sees little things big. and big 
things little. Oh, ye blind guides, do ye not yet see 
the healing of the Master, who announced the be- 
ginning of your end, long ago, in bis home town, 
where he was rejected by that same thick darkness? 
Shall we say, "We are rid of that same blindness," 
when we put ceremony and ordinance before the 
weightier matters of the law, — justice, mercy, and 
faith? "But these ought ye to have done, and not 
to have left the other undone." 

3. Who are blind ? Let John tell us, " He that hateth 
his brother walketh in darkness" (1 John 2: 9). 
Probably nothing so blinds spiritual life as jealousy, 
envy, malice, evil speaking. These family quarrels, 
these church quarrels devour their own people. Av\a> 
with this blind leading of the blind ! If church lead- 
ers and Sunday-school leaders will quarrel, may we 
have others championing the cause of the Lord, whose 
lives adorn the doctrines of God! Let the family life 
be holy and without blemish! 

4. Who are blind? Paul will tell us: " The god of 
this world hath blinded the minds of the unbelieving " 

' (2 Cor. 4: 4). That is his business, and he scars their 
eyeballs with a rcd-hnt iron, so that, when they see 
fesus, they shall not know him for what he if, for 
Isaiah declares, "And when we see him. there is no 
beauty that we should desire him" (Isa. 53: 2b). 
The god of this world put out the eyes of Samson 
and then used his strength to turn the mill of Sam- 
son's enemy. 

But what is (Ac worldt It is hard to find an agree- 
ment at this point. Hundreds of ministers declare. 
" It is not the theater," for they go in thereat. Many 
say, " It is not in a social game of cards." Whole 
churches declare by their practice that it is not the 
dance. Many say, " It is not alcohol, nor is it in nar- 
cotics." The rank and file arc not smitten with grief 
for their pride. Ah! who will answer? This will 
suffice: When you cease to love him above your chief 
pleasure you are blind. I care not how often you at- 
tend communion (1 John 2: 15, 161. 

5. Who are blind? Tell it again. John, in your sub- 
lime vision, " Because thou sayest, I . . . have 
need of nothing, . . . and knowest not that thou 
art . . . blind" (Rev. 3: 17V I have met peo- 
ple blind physically, who knew they were blind. Na- 
ture quickened and sharpened another sense instead. 
God pity those who are so engrossed with sensual af- 
fairs that they know not how blind they are. 

How shall we see? This is no easy or quick proc- 
ess, for \t\s not easy to mount to the skies. Nothing 
but the miraculous supply of the grace of God will be 
able to accomplish this work. No mere ceremony will 
restore sight. Jesus says. "I am the light of the 
world," and as surely as he healed the physically blind, 
so certainly will he restore the eyes of the believing. 
Great moral ideals arc perceived through faith and 
hope (2 Peter 1 : 5-7). Truth, justice, and righteous- 
ness are big things in life, and they grow apace as we 
live under his guidance. It is then that we shall be- 
hold the King in his beauty, and see him as he is, for 
we shall be like him. We see God in seeing Christ; 
in seeing Christ we see humanity; in seeing humanity 
we behold ourselves. 

3446 Van Buren Street, Chicaijn, 111. 

Women Prophesying. 

The word " prophesy " here will be used in the sense 
of " to instruct; to exhort; to preach." We are living 
in the dispensation of the Holy Spirit, hence these 
remarks will not be made with reference to the dis- 
pensation of the Father, nor that of the Son. True, 
the first news of Christ's resurrection was proclaimed 
by " Mary Magdalene and the other Mary." They 
were commissioned by the angel and Christ to do so. 
See Matt. 28: 1-10. There were about 120 persons 
that tarried at Jerusalem for the promised Comforter. 
Peloubet says, " Among them were Mary the mother 
of Jesus (Acts 1: 14). Mary Magdalene, Mary, the 
wife of Cleopas, Joanna, wife of Chuza, Susanna, 
Salome. Mary and Martha of Bethany. See Luke 23: 
49; 24: 22; Mark 15:40." At least "the women, and 
Mary the mother of Jesus," tarried in the upper room 
at Jerusalem in prayer and supplication. 

On the Day of Pentecost " they were all filled with 
the Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, 
as the Spirit gave them utterance;" What is here 
said of the men is certainly said of the women. 
When some supposed the company were drunk, Peter 
said, "This is that which was spoken by the prophet 
Joel ; And it shall come to pass in the last days, saith 
God, I will pour out of my Spirit upon all flesh: and 
your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and 
your young men shall see visions, and your old men 
shall dream dreams : And on my servants and on my 
handmaidens I will pour out in those days of my 
Spirit;' and they shell prophesy." 

What is here said of sons and servants, is said of 
daughters and handmaidens. A little child can see 
this truth. In line with this. Paul, in 1 Cor. 11, gives 
command how men and women should appear before 
God when they pray or prophesy. Can anything be 
plainer? We have other passages that teach that 
women labored in the Word, or Gospel. ApoIIos was 
" an eloquent man, and mighty in the Scriptures," 
but il remained for Aquila and Priscilla to "expound 
unto him the way of God more perfectly." Paul said, 
" Help those women which labored with me in the 
gospel." Philip, the evangelist, " had four daughters, 
virgins, which did prophesy." 

Profane history informs us that in Palestine it was 
a custom for hearers to stop public speakers, to ask 

(Concluded od Pas* 108.) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 


What Would You Do? 

ilMiisirnihr of Sim flay -school bcmwn u*r Kcb. 13,) 

SurroSE you liad loo many horses and wished i<> 
sell one. Suppose you were deciding between a cer- 
tain two. One is a big, strong and handsome animal, 
but a great fusser. He is always ready, with hoot and 
tooth, to resist- any encroachments on his rights by 
his team-mates; and sometimes he thinks he knows 
more than his driver. The other is not as strong or 
show) as Hie former, but he has a fine disposition. 
When he is in a team, he works quietly, going right 
ahead and attending to his business, regardless ol 
what his team-mates arc doing, and he always obeys 
his driver. Which of these horses would you sell. 
and wltich would you keep for your own use? 

Mow, suppose you had a large force of men work- 
ing for you. and you had to choose a foreman over 
them. You have two men whom you arc considering. 
One has the more ability, but he docs not get along 
well with others, is inclined to jealousy, and some- 
time-, lias "a mind of his own," when you under- 
take to instruct him. The other man has less ability, 
but lie never grumbles or quarrels with the other 
men. and he always does your bidding, without ques- 
tion and cheerfully. Which man would you make 
your foreman? 

Imagine now what you would do if you were God. 
If you wished to put everything hi heaven and upon 
the earth into the hands of somebody else, what 
qualifications would that one have to have? Would 
it he enough for him to he wise and strong and beauti- 
ful enough to fill and grace that high position? Or 
would you look for one who would 6*0 your will checr- 
rully, and on every occasion? Paul says (Philpp. 
2 8-10) that Christ "humbled himself, becoming 
obedient even unto death, yea. the death of the cross. 
Wherefore also God h'lglll) exalted him, and gave 

unto him the name which is above everj name: thai in 
the name of Jesus every knee should how. of things 
in heaven and thing! on earth and things under the 
earth, and thai even tongue should confess that Jesus 
Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." Do 
you understand why? Wouldn't you do the same 

Read the third beatitude. Do you understand wh\ 
God reserves the good things for the meek? Why 
is a meek and quiet spirit "in the sight of God of 
great price"? Why does God promise to exalt the 
humble? Do you sec the reason now? Shouldn't you 
do the same thing yourself? Everything you have 
ever seen God do was according to gc 
sense, and this is no exception. 

RossvUle, hid. 

Our Martyrs in the Mission Field. 

A i i w weeks ago the waters of the Mediterranean 
engulfed an American missionary who was a pas- 
senger on the ill-fated liner Persia, hound for India. 
The press dispatches gave the incident only a line, 
noi si) much as was given to the passing of Elberl 
Hubbard and Charles Frohman, but it leads us to 
consider the place which the missionary cause is main- 
taining in this time of world horror. 

The missionaries are suffering and dying by scores 
and hundreds in the war. Many have died in Ar- 
menia, and sixteen were driven from the country, 
yet the Foreign Mission Boards are receiving more- 
applicants for work than ever before. There is a deep 
significance in this fact. Although the world has been 
transformed into a great field of slaughter, religion \- 
not dead. The spirit of sacrifice, that inspired the 
first great missionary, is enduring today. The greater 
the labor, the danger and the risk, the more volun- 
teers there arc for the positions. It is an encouraging 
thought, and we need all the encouraging thoughts we 
can summon, in these times, when we " see as through 
a glass, darkly." 

The missionaries have always been the advance 
guards of civilization. Livingstone was a missionary 

and. but for him, Africa would now be as dark and 
inaccessible as it was a hundred years ago. The 
Japanese progress is due to the ideas of Western 
civilization, carried to them by the mission worker, 
Verbeck. It was the missionaries who prevailed upon 
our Government to purchase Alaska from Russia. 
No one ever thinks of the transaction now as 
" Seward's folly." The missionaries in India have 
made it possible for white men to hold the country. 
The first white man who entered Tibet found an 
American woman missionary who had worked there 
alone for years. 

Yet the way has never been smooth for these he- 
roes. It has been made precious by the blood of de- 
voted souls. The hardships and sacrifices are beyond 
description, but there is great satisfaction in the 
thought of the place that the workers are holding in 
this war, and the comments the cause is receiving. 
The secular press is not silent on the subject. Many 
of our great dailies are loud in their praise of the 
work that is being accomplished and the position that 
is being maintained. 

1234 Rural Street, Emporia, Kans. 


Recently a man came into our place of business 
(he was here once before) with a sunny face and the 
cheery greeting, "Brother!" Tf you did not know 
the man, you might say, " He is better off than some 
of us," and so he is. But, listen! While on his 
rounds of duty, to provide a living for his family, 
he met with an accident, causing him to be taken, 
again and again, to the operating table, until he had 
been there nineteen times. Truly, he had not much 
cause for smiling, looking at it from that standpoint. 

There is no way for his family to get a living ex- 
cept from his work. Day after day he is on his 
rounds under much suffering, to provide a living for 
his family. In his conversation he remarked to me. 
"If I could only rest my limbs for one week." Not 
so much as a week of relief for him. from his great 
sufferings. Do you ask. " Does he really suffer so! " 
My understanding is that after the accident he became 
grey .because of his intense suffering. 

After the man went away, I reflected on our inter- 
view and the surrounding conditions. Taking into 
consideration the possibilities before us all, I think 
that we may well cultivate such a spirit as he mani- 
fests. He has sufferings, trials and misfortune for 
life, hut he keeps a sweet temper, harboring no ill- 
will against his fellows. He is ready to assist his 
needy brother, if possible. 

When he left us, he said, while giving a warm 
handshake, " I'll keep on smiling." He did not mean 
a grin on his face and jesting words from his lips, — 
this would not have been an index of true cheerful- 
ness. He meant that amidst his trials, troubles and 
suffering, he would carry a cheerful countenance 

When any one comes to you with the endearing 
term, " Brother," he recognizes other people's needs. 
When he leaves with that motto, " I'll keep on smil- 
ing," you can not help but feel that life can be sweet- 
ened amidst labors, trials, suffering and need. The 
greeting, "Brother," and the parting, "I'll keep on 
smiling," are characteristics of the higher life. 

Pearl City, III. 

Side Lights. 

At the close of an evening temperance service, a 
little, weazened, freckle-faced, mop-headed, tip-tilted- 
nosed lad hustled up the aisle and said: "Mister, I 
want to sign a card." 

" How much?" I asked. 

"A quarter a month," was the prompt reply, — 
three dollars for the year! 

" Is your father willing that you should do so?" I 
asked, thinking that the boy had no source of income 
save his father's pocket-book. 

The boy planted himself squarely before me and, 
looking straight into my eyes, said, " My father and 
mother are both dead and I earn my own money," 

"How do you earn money?" I inquired. 

" Selling papers," was the laconic answer. 

"And why," I said, "do you want to give twenty- 
five cents a month to the temperance work, when you 
have to earn it selling papers?" 

His reply was worth studying: "There arc two 
saloons in our town. I see men go in, and I see them 
come out again and. Mister, I want to do what I can 
to close up these places in our town." 

He subscribed to the temperance work and paid it. 
At the next license court, to the utter astonishment 
of everybody, the judge refused those licenses, though 
he knew nothing of the incident I mention, nor were 
unusual remonstrances filed. 

When a genuine sacrifice is made for a righteous 
cause, there is a Power that recognizes the sacrifice 
and moves upon the minds of men, so as to fulfill the 
Divine Will. Have you made your sacrifice? To 
withhold your sacrifice may delay God's manifestation 
of his own power. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 


Lesson for February 20, 1916. 

Subject— The Christian Brotherhood at Je 
(Temperance LessonV— Acts 4: 32 to 5: 16. 

Golden Text. — Love one another from the he 
vently.— 1 Peter 1 : 22. 

Time.— Somewhere between A..D. 30 and 34. 


Our Community. 

Matt. 9: 36-38. 

For Sunday Evening, February 20, 1916. 

1. Facts About Our Community. — (1) Number of fam- 
ilies in which there are no Christians. (2) Number fa- 
thers not Christians. (3) Number mothers not' Christians. 
(4) Number youths not Christians. (5) Number babies 
not on cradle roll. (6) Numher not attending Christian 
Workers' Meeting. 

2. What Can We Do to Arouse the People of Our 
Community to a More Spiritual Life? 

3. What Can Our Christian Workers' Society Do for 
Our Community? 

4. Name Some Workable Plans for Reaching These 


The Secret of Endurance. 

Heb. 11: 27; Study 1 Cor. 9: 19-27. 
3r Week Beginning February 20, 1916. 

1. How Do We See Him Who Is Invisible?— There 
must be wrought in me, between God and me, some sym- 
pathy, some intimate understanding and a wholly confi- 
dential fellow-feeling. There must be established, be- 
tween him and me, sonic personal relation of mutual con- 
fidence and unity. There must, in a word, be formed, 
within us all, a certain close unity of faith, working by 
love. Then will our longed for vision "as seeing" be 
realized. We shall, with a vivid sense and keen grasp, 
lay hold upon the promised blessing. Like Thomas we 
shall say, " My Lord and my God," because be will then 
be a reality unto us (i Chron. 16: II; Job 17; 9; Psa. 37: 
24, 28; Prov. 4: 18; Hosea 12: 6; Matt. 24: 13; John 15: 

2. Perfect Faith Gives Needed Strength.— God's special 
means of grace, as provided in his Word, are well calcu- 
lated to help us endure even the severest tests that may 
come upon us. It needs but the mighty touch of faith, 
to help us to rise as conquerors above all things ter- 
restrial. So Christ himself,— the Man Christ Jesus,— en- 
dured. The secret of his endurance was that with the eye 
of faith he always saw the Father. The Holy Spirit 
strengthens us to endure as seeing the unseen Savior, 
even as he strengthened him to endure as seeing the un- 
seen Father. It is in the felt and realized presence of the 
Higher Power that we find our strength to endure (Psa. 
73: 24; Rom. 8:. 35-39; 1 Cor. 16: 13; Gal. 6: 9). 

3. Endurance a Vital Part of Christian Character. — A 
Christian's endurance is much like his courage: He can 
be Cbristlikc only in proportion to his perseverance. To 
him the ordinary ills of life should not be disconcerting. 
Rather should they be an incentive to a demonstration of 
the fact that "we can do all things through him who 
strengthened us" (1 Cor. 15: 1, 2; Gal. 5: 1, 10; Col. 1: 
10, 22, 23; Heb. 12: 1, 2; James 1: 12; 2 Peter 1: 10, 11; 
3: 17, 18; Rev. 21: 7), 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 



My Duty. 

o be faithful in things that arc smal 
) walk steady where others may fall, 

> be willing if Jesus should call; 

This is my duty to him. 

> be friendly to those I dislike. 

> act kindly when others would strike 
j keep busy with things that arc right 

This is my duty to liim. 
a drive somebody's darkness away, 
make brighter the world of today, 
a strew flowers along life's pathway; 

This is my duty to him. 

> let Jesus have perfect control, 

) know daily his grace makes me whe 
) have heavenly peace in my soul; 
This is my duty to him. 

The Snow of Lebanon. 

The revival meetings were in progress. The min- 
ister and his helpers were doing all they could, but 
there seemed to be a lack of interest that was discour- 
aging, and the workers talked it over : " We must all 
pray, .and we must expect results," said the minister. 

The next morning, at the breakfast table, the min- 
ister said, " I should like to be left alone all day ; I 
must have some time to think and study." 

So, when Bro. Martin came to the door, ready to 
take the minister to see some people, he was in- 
formed that they must wait until tomorrow. The min- 
ister needed time for rest and study. 

Barbara stood by the window where the primroses 
were blooming; and as she looked at them she put in her 
word of defense: " Now I know that you are anxious 
to tell us, that you like a practical man to hold our 
mcetings, but — " 

Here Bro. Martin interrupted her; "That's what I 
want. I like an evangelist like Peter; he planned to 
build- three tabernacles. He started to walk on the 
sea when the boat was slow. When the other dis- 
ciples stood around, Peter planned a fishing-trip and 
led it too." 

" But there was one time when he tarried a little 
while. That was on the housetop when the vision 
came to Trim," answered Barbara. 

"Well, I hope something will come of our meet- 
ings." said Brother Martin, who liked to tabulate the 

" They have helped me, and I know most of us are 
happy to go on doing our best. There is a verse that 
we must keep in mind, ' Will a man leave the snow of 
Lebanon, which cometh from the rock of the field?' 
That means that a man must not cut himself off from 
vital force; he must wait upon the Lord," patiently 
explained Barbara. 

" Well, I'll call for the preacher tomorrow," said 
Bro. Martin as he went away. 

In many revival meetings, the urging to do some- 
thing, the practical demand for results, puts a heavy 
burden on the shoulders of the minister. He must 
have time to wait on the Lord for a renewal of 
strength. The river of his effort should be fed from 
the white snows of the mighty Lebanon. Then it will 
'lot dry up. Strange, indeed, are the days intervening 
I id ween Ascension and Pentecost. The disciples 
prayed and waited; they chose a twelfth apostle and 
met together in the upper room. Then, when the time 
was fully come, the mighty rushing wind, the tongues 
as of fire transformed these men into a living, wit- 
nessing, powerful church. 

Have you left the snow of Lebanon? The days of 
never-ending care tend to wear out the fibre of our 
spiritual life. In some way we must find strength and 
enthusiasm. To but few of us is it given to carry 
through life a structure of self, unshaken by tempta- 
tion or by event. Many a one believed that he dwelt 
m a rock-founded mansion, built foursquare, to stand 
immovable against all the winds of chance that blow. 
Then, suddenly, without warning, a whirlwind of ex- 
perience beats upon the house, and it falls. The house 
of self was flimsy, temporary, and here it lies,- — in 

ruins. Ill health and circumstances are against one, 
and he gives up, — a traitorous friend, the wrong side 
of the market, and the ruin is complete. But it should 
not remain a ruin ; there never was a cabin broken in 
pieces but could be rebuilt, and made snug against the 
winds of circumstance. 

If the river of your life is fed from the snow of 
Lebanon, it is foolish to talk of ruin and defeat; there 
is always the future ; there is always hope. Even a 
life that is looked upon as a failure, can retrieve the 
past and make good. In that awful " Reign of Ter- 
ror," in Paris, Sidney Carton walked into a dungeon. 
He had been a bad man in his day, but now he set 
about obtaining the release of his friend. When the 
friend refused to accept the sacrifice, Sidney Carton 
drugged him and so had him removed from the dun- 
geon. Carton remained behind in his friend's place, 
and took his name. Then, calm and smiling, he took 
his place in the cart, holding the hand of a poor lit- 
tle seamstress, who was afraid to die. Fed from the 
snow of Lebanon, Sidney Carton smilingly gave his 
life for his friend. Inner strength came to him to 
make a supreme sacrifice, to give up life for one he 
loved. Only God could give him the power to do 

" Oh, great is the hero who wins a nai 

But greater, many and many a time. 

Some pale-faced fellow who dies in s 

And lets God finish the thought subl 

Covington, Ohio. 

Grandmother Warren's Reflections. 

Granumother Warren sat looking through a book 
of engravings, Sally, her niece, with whom she lived, 
was crocheting by the window. 

"Well," remarked Grandmother, closing the book, 
but keeping her place with a finger, "well. Sally, 
pictures always look to me better than the real thing, 
and yet, maybe not either. It maybe only just the best 
of the real things. Now there is a picture of cows in 
a meadow. Those are about the nicest cows I ever 
looked at and the grassiest meadow. I have seen 
meadows like that in the spring, but never late in 
the summer. And I have seen a few cows like those 
too, but not many. The artist has picked out the 
grassiest meadow he could find, and the sleekest cows, 
and put them together and made a beautiful picture 
that cheers one up to look at it. Now here is this 
picture of carnations. You can almost smell them, 
they are so natural, and not a wilted one among them 
either. There is one with a broken stem that will be 
witted before long, but he got the picture before it 
wilted. It is a picture of the flowers when they are 
most beautiful. 

" Most pictures are like that. They seem to pick 
out the prettiest things of life. Why, even people 
when they want their pictures taken dress up in their 
best things and try to look pretty. Some of them 
make a sad showing, though. We make our houses as 
pretty as we can. We have borders of flowers in the 
gardens to make them look nice. A farmer likes to 
have his fields show even rows and no weeds. Seems 
like every one wants to look just as good as he can and 
have pretty things about. 

"There is one place, though, where a lot of people 
aren't particular. And that is what they look at. I 
know one woman that never saw anything but dirt. T 
used to hate to have her come to see me when niv 
children were little and I was that rushed with work 
that I couldn't keep things like I should. She would 
just sit there and see every speck of dust in the house, 
and then talk about it to the neighbors. She killed 
herself fighting dirt. She had weak lungs. The 
doctor warned her to be careful, particularly about 
hanging out her clothes in winter. But she would do 
it. She kept getting pneumonia every winter and 
finally she died. Died of fighting dirt. I always 

" I knew a man once that never saw anything or 
anybody but himself. He was so wrapped up in him- 
self that he thought everything that was said, good or 
bad, was meant for him. He never saw any but his 
own side of things, He was so bad about it that no 

one liked him and he was left all alone. Then he said 
that people weren't sociable. 

" Then there used to be a girl that taughl in one of 
our schools. I guess that was about the worst school 
that ever was. Anyway, we had an awful time kipp- 
ing a teacher until we got her. No teacher ever .mild 
get along with those children. Well, do you know, 
that girl had every last one of those children running 
after her, big bad hoys, little bad boys, girls and all. 
They thought she was perfect. I asked her one day 
-how she did it. 

" ' Why, I don't know exactly, Mrs. Warren ; ' and 
smiled so sweet I could have kissed her ri^hi then, 
'unless it is because I always try lo see the good in 
my pupils and encourage that and ignore the bad. 
It always makes me feel so much better to stv the 
good things and they feel better, too.' 
m " Now. I think she had it about right. Look at 
the good in people and forget the had. That's what 
the artists do when they make pictures. They make 
the good part show up so that you forget that some 
cows may not be sleek and that some meadows are 
brown and bare. It makes you feel so much better 
to see a nice, sleek cow and not a scrawny, rough 

" It has always seemed to me that our minds were 
picture galleries and we could see what we wanted 
to, in a great many cases. So, after I talked to that 
teacher, I tried to look at the good side of people and 
ignore the bad. Do you know, Sally, some of the 
people that I really did not like came to be my best 
friends. I liked them so much better and they seemed 
to like me too. I guess that is a great part of loving 
people. It is seeing the good in them." 

Sally folded up her work to get supper. She went 
across the room and kissed Grandmother Warren 
lightly on the cheek. 

" I guess no one ever had to look for the good in 
you. Grandmother, il sticks out all over, so thai one 
can not help but sec it." 

Gnn-va, III. 






I w 

sh to 

get t! 

taking son.,- il 
. and the Aid 
■e solved the 
this: What . 

create 1 si 

the pi 
fore i 
the A 

d Soc 

ic t 



s. "Take the money dire, 
st first he put into the pi 
ttt and appropriated, An 


i Mm 


of our homes. When we spend money for the house, or 
for our wardrobe, let us "lay aside" for the Aid Society. 
But what concerted work may we do, as workers to- 
gether? Some sisters like to <|iiilt. even though there 
is little pay in it. I would not discourage mir good quilt- 

■' without pay " and give them to the poor, than to spend 

is usually paid for (hat kind of work. Some of < .11 r so- 
cieties, however, are doing fine quilting, for which they 
receive " fine pay," and they are making " fine money." 
In some places garments and other useful articles arc 
made and sold. The old-fashioned rag rug. so popular 
now. 1, made and sold. One sister says, that their so- 

cicty made a h lrcd dollars by the sale of rag rng^ 

made of rags that were donated. The sisters who are not 
good limbers make rugs. Serving luncheon at public 
sales may be prudent work 111 some communities, but 
many times this work is rather too " public," and a 
drudgery for women. It seems to me it would be fine 
work for young men. 

Noticing the reports in the Messenger, from time to 
rime, we can get suggestions as to methods of work. 
One of our societies, that is doing splendid work, meets 
every Thursday in (he primary Sunday-school room, and 
sews .ill day. Is not that fine? That is more than 
tithing their time, — it is giving one day out of six days. 
Where the sisters are scattered, this may not be possible. 
Some societies of the latter kind do good work by tak- 
ing work to their homes and working individually. 

The treasury may he replenished, too. by calling on the 

sisters who do not attend the regular meetings- E^cry 

(Coucludtt) on }'■■>£* 107.) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 

The Gospel Messenger 

Official Orgut of the Churcb of th» Brethren- 

A Religious Weekly 

Brethren Publishing House 
publishing agent general mission board. 


During Bro. A. S. Thomas's revival effort : 
Staunton church, Va., six turned to the Lord. 

The District of Idaho and Western Montana is to 
hold its annual Conference in the Clearwater church, 
Idaho, April 19. 

The address of Bro. D, H. Clark. R. D. 5, San 
Antonio, Tex., has been changed to 12S West Locust 
Street, in the same city. 

The District Meeting of Middle Pennsylvania 
is to convene in the New Enterprise church, Bedford 
County, on Wednesday. April 10. 

Twelve made the good choice in the Mexico 
church. Ind.. during the meetings held there by Bro. 
David R. McFadden, of Smithville. Ohio. 

Bro. Peorgi E. Swihart, of Roann, Ind., has ar- 
angedto begin a series of meetings in the Middletown 
hurch, same State, the latter part of February. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife have turned their faces 
homeward. Bro. Miller was scheduled to begin a 
week's meetings at Arcadia, Florida, last Sunday, 
Feb. 6. 

Bro. Ira E. Long assisted the members of the 
Logansport church, Ind., in a most refreshing series 
of evangelistic services. Six pledged allegiance to 
the Great Commander. 

Those who have occasion to send remittances, 
donations, etc.. to the Kansas City Mission. Kansas 
City. Kans., will please refer to the announcement of 
Bro. R. A. Voder among the Kansas notes. 

Feb. 21 Bro. J. H. Cassady is to begin an evangelis- 
tic campaign in the Moxham church, Tohnstown con- 
gregation, Pa. Further particulars are given in the 
announcement By Bro. Shumaker on page 100. 

Bro. Robert G. Edwards, of Jonesboro, Tenn.. 
closed a series of refreshing evangelistic services Ian. 
30, in the Beaver Creek church, same State. Nine 
turned their feet to the testimonies of the Lord. 

The Mission Board of Northeastern Kansas has 
secured the services of Bro. Benjamin Forney, of 
Lawrence, to take charge of the Armourdale Mission 
church, Kansas City, Kans.. in the near future. , 

Bro. J. G. Rovik has been doing hard and helpful 
Bible Institute work in the schools of Virginia. Fol- 
lowing twelve days at Hebron Seminary, he spent ten 
days at Bridgewater College. He is now in his second 
week at Dale' Hie College. Attendance and interest 
have been good. 

Bro. D. K. Clapper, of Meyersdale, Pa., closed a 
revival effort in the Marsh Creek church, same State, 
Jan. 30, with nine accessions. It was then decided 
to have him continue for another week, and at latest 
reports a number more were very near the kingdom. 

We learn that the recent Bible Institute at Bridge- 
water College was very largely attended. In addition 
to the assistance given the home workers by Bro. J. 
G. Royer in daily instruction, Bro. Anthony, of Bal- 
timore, conducted evangelistic services at night. 
Seven were received by baptism. 

In answer to a number of inquiries, concerning the 
condition of Bro. A. C. Young, of North Manchester. 
Ind., we would here state that he has been taking 
treatment at a sanitarium in Chicago. This has, to 
some extent at least, benefited him, though his com- 
plete recovery will necessarily require some time. 

On page 103 of this issue Sister Elizabeth H. 
Brubaker has an article of special interest to all the 
Sisters' Aid Societies. Our sisters are doing a good 
work by means of the various activities, engaged in 
by the societies, but a careful perusal of Sister Bru- 
haker's article may still furthe 

Church service was o,ver, and three prominent 
members of the congregation walked home together. 
discussing the sermon. " I tell you," said the first, 

enthusiastically, " Bro. can certainly dive 

deeper into the truth than any preacher I ever beard." 
" Yes," said the second man, " and he can stay under 
longer." " Yes," said the third, " and come up drier." 

The New Hope church, Tenn., has just passed 
through a season of spiritual refreshing. Brethren 
Laugh run and Hilbert. of the home congregation, 
labored earnestly for the salvation of lost souls. 
Amid great rejoicing thirty-seven were received in- 
to the church by baptism, and four were reclaimed. 
Four applicants still await the administration of the 
sacred rite. 

We are told that Manuel Martinez, a noted atheist, 
traveled far and wide, penetrating lo the remotest parts 
of the globe to escape from a religious atmosphere, 
which, as he said, was distasteful to him. Finally he 
happened to strike Broadway, New York, where he 
settled down and lived for thirty years, wholly satis- 
fied. We leave it to our readers to point out the secret 
of his undisturbed satisfaction. 

One of the Indiana Sunday-schools makes the reg- 
ular attendance of smaller scholars not only possible, 
but entirely convenient, by making use of a hack dur- 
ing the winter, with its cold, snowy weather. Plenty 
of automobiles are available during the other part of 
the year. Regular attendance of the little folks can 
be had by almost any Sunday-school, but something 
depends upon the effort put forth. 

Bro. T. Y. Henry writes of his interesting experi- 
ence when traveling from his former home to his 
present place of residence at Lenore, Idaho. He 
tells how the plain garb of himself and wife led to 
inquiries concerning their religious faith. He feels 
that often brethren and sisters lose opportunities for 
doing good that would come to them if their appear- 
ance were more consistent with their profession. 

Bro. J. E. Al 

li. of flu 

church, Mich. 

is under the band of affliction, and while all is done 
for him that is possible, by way of medical aid and 
the best of care, his condition shows little improve- 
ment. He being the only minister of (hat congrega- 
tion, his absence from the sanctuary ministrations is 
keenly felt by the membership. The prayers of the 

: asked in behalf of his speedy 


The Messenger extends congratulations to Eld. 
Peter Arnold and wife, of Burlington, W. Va.. on 
the recent celebration of their fiftieth wedding an- 
niversary. Customs have changed much since the day 
when Bro. Arnold went to claim his bride, leading 
an extra horse to bring her to their home on horse- 
back, but he is not sure that the modern ways are any 
more conducive to marital faithfulness and happiness. 

Bro. W. F. Gillett, of Holtville, Cal., enclosing a 
copy of a resolution passed by the Imperial Valley 
church, protesting against the preparedness program, 
expresses his views in no uncertain tones. He thinks 
there should have been a special General Conference 
to consider the matter. 

Did you ever nptice how easy it is to persuade 
ourselves to the perfect propriety of doing a certain 
thing, when we really want to do it? We can think 
of a score of reasons why it should be done. It is 
but a common failing of humanity, perhaps, and yet 
even the best of us are not wholly exempt from fol- 
lowing the line of least resistance. 

A sure recipe for a helpful sermon is given by 
some one in the following: "Be in your place. Be 
there with eyes wide open and fixed on the preacher. 
Be there with a warm heart, full of love for the Gos- 
pel, and an earnest desire to get some Gospel truth. 
Be there with a prayer on your lips that pastor and 
congregation may be blessed, and we will warrant 
that you, at least, will bear something that will do you 

("""Bro. J. S. Flory, President of Bridgewater College, 
;'and Bro. D. M. Garver, of Trotwood, Ohio, stopped 
off a few hours in Elgin, last Saturday afternoon. 
As a committee of the Educational Board, they had 
visited Manchester College and Bethany Bible 
School, and were on their way to Mt. Morris and Mc- 
pherson. Finding the Messenger office closed, it be- 
ing after Saturday closing hours, they persisted in 
their purpose to extend greetings to the editor, by call- 
ing upon him at his home, — a fact which made the 
call all the more appreciated. 

One of the Sunday-school classes jn the Salem 
church, Iowa, is known as " Reapers." It is com- 
posed of young married people who have taken as 
their motto, "The World for Christ." It is the de- 
termined aim of this devoted class to win the uncon- 
verted of the community to Christ, and to do all in 
their power to help in the promotion of the mission- 
ary cause. We are impressed with the high ideal of 
this class, and trust that many more Sunday-school 
classes, throughout the Brotherhood, may develop in- 
to active recruiting agencies for the Lord's army. 

Feb. 2 the Mission Board received the sad intelligence 
of the death of the six-year-old daughter of Brother 
and Sister J. Homer Bright, of Liao Chou, China. 
The exact wording of the cablegram, as translated 
from the code, is as follows : " Scarlet fever, Jan. 27, 
Catherine. Please inform relatives. In other re- 
spects all is going well." Most of the five days, re- 
quired for the transmission of the message, was used 
in sending it by mail to the nearest telegraph office. 
The whole Messenger family will join in sympathy 
with Brother and Sister Bright in their bereavement. 

What Bro. John R. Snyder says, on page 112 of 
this issue, may well induce our people to do some 
serious thinking, so far as our obligations to the col- 
ored people are concerned. ■ We had, at one time, 
quite a start among the negro element of the vicinity 
referred to, and elsewhere, but for some reason we 
did not hold our ground, and many who once were 
members have been lost sight of, and drifted away. 
no one knows where. It would seem that some steps 
should he taken, by which such an unfortunate decline 
of a well-started movement might be avoided, and the 
permanence of the work fully assured. 

As our Subscription Department expects to close 
up the business of the present fiscal year by March 
1. it becomes absolutely necessary that the unpaid 
subscriptions to the Messenger be settled at the ear- 
liest possible date. Those who ordered their paper 
through a local agent, will please hand him the amount 
due, if not already paid. We kindly ask our agents 
to make their collections as rapidly as possible, so 
that full settlement may be made in the near future. 
If each one will do his part, the matter will be at- 
tended to with but little inconvenience to any one. 
At places where we have no agent, subscribers will 
please remit the amount due direct to this office. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 

Asking for the Holy Spirit. 

" How much more," said Jesus, " shall your heaven- 
ly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him? " 
But what is asking? Is it a hurried and thoughtless 
•enunciation of certain vocal sounds? A word is the 
sign of an idea, the grammars say. It is the symbol 
■of a thought, a device for conveying to another in- 
formation concerning the content of your own mind. 
The thought is the essential thing, and this is especially 
true in our talking with God, since spoken words can 
he of no help to him in interpreting our thought. To 
ask a thing of God, then, is genuinely and intensely to 
desire that he give it to you, — to hunger and thirst 
after it. . 

Such a hunger of the soul, too, is more than a mere 
state of mind. That is, it can not remain shut up with- 
in you. It will show itself in your conduct. No per- 
son ever really wanted anything who did not do some- 
thing, or at least try to do something, to secure it. 
True asking always implies a sympathetic, cooperative 
attitude toward the giver, such as will make it easy 
lor him to give the thing asked. Asking God for the 
Holy Spirit implies such a desire for the Spirit as 
-will make its own genuineness clear in the things that 


Yes, if you really want the gift of the Spirit, you 
:an have it. It is only a matter of asking. But the 

isking must not be a sham. 

A Reminiscence. 

The following actual incident, in the writer's 
varied experience in life, shows the importance and 
the real value of careful thought, how to act in case 
•of an emergency. If one meditates and thinks out a 
plan for immediate action before the necessity for 
doing things comes, much good will often result. To 
prepare for an emergency before it comes, is wisdom. 
When a great storm arises at sea, and the waves there- 
of " mount up to the heavens, they go down again to 
the depths " ; the soul of the mariners " is melted be- 
cause of trouble. They reel to and fro, and stagger 
like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end. Then 
they cry unto the Lord in their trouble." It is well to 
cry unto the Lord before the storms come and. then 
one can prepare for the emergency. 

In March, 1884, we were crossing the sea from 
Piraeus, the port of Athens, to Smyrna, one of the 
Seven Churches of Asia. A strong northeast wind 
disturbed the sea and the voyage was not a smooth 
one. The waves were lifted up and sank away again 
into the depths. At two o'clock in the afternoon my 
wife and I were sitting together on deck, in a shel- 
tered place, watching the waves, as they dashed 
against the sides of the ship. Two of our traveling 
companions, — Mr. Boies, of Brooklyn, New York, and 
Mr. Hodgden, of London, England, — were trying to 
promenade on deck, but they " staggered to and fro 
like a drunken man." As they passed by us. the ship 
gave a sudden lurch and they staggered over against 
the rail of the ship. I said to them, " You would 
better be careful, or you might go overboard." 

And now this little incident started a train of 
thought that resulted in the saving of the life of a 
man. I wondered what would be the best thing to do 
if a man really did go overboard. The question was 
answered mentally. Under existing conditions it was 
not a difficult problem to solve. Along the rail of 
the ship were fastened a number nf life-buoys. One 
of these was just in front of us, and it suggested 
that a man, pitched overboard, could save himself 
if one of these were thrown him. The life-buoy is 
made of cork, covered with heavy canvas and paint- 
ed, so that it is impervious to the water. If you re- 
move the hub and spokes of a Ford automobile wheel, 
you will have a good representation of one of these 
life preservers. If, when in the water, a man draws 
the buoy over his head and under his arms, he is safe 
from sinking. 

As these thoughts were passing through my mind, 
a loud, terrified shout was heard at the bow of the 
ship, and instantly came the thought that a man had 
fallen overboard. Springing from the side of my 
wife and rushing to the life-buoy at the rail, I tore it 
loose, and as I looked I saw the poor fellow in the 

water. His black hair floated about his white face, as 
he struggled and shouted for help. The ship was 
making fifteen miles an hour, and as it rushed by, the 
life preserver was thrown to him, but it fell into the 
water some twenty feet in his rear. Fortunately the 
current, caused by the propeller of the ship, caught 
it and carried it to him. Very soon he had it under 
his arm, and floated safely on the waves of the sea. 
To show what often occurs, for want of careful think- 
ing, the passengers, in their excitement, threw all the 
other life-buoys overboard. 

Before the ship could be stopped, and anchor cast, 
the man was about a mile away from the vessel. We 
eagerly watched him as he appeared on the top of a 
rising wave, and then went down, as it sank, until he 
was lost sight of, and it appeared as if the sea had 
swallowed him up. A good field-glass gave us a view 
of his black hair and white face as the waves brought 
him in sight. After the anchor had been cast, a boat 
with three men in it, was lowered into the water, to 
go to the rescue of their comrade, for the man was a 
sailor. The little boat was tossed and pitched by the 
waves, and it really seemed as if the men were risk- 
ing their lives to save their friend. They rowed with 
all their strength, and at last reached the poor fellow 
in the water. He at once, with their help, struggled 
into the life-boat and was safe. It needed no coaxing 
to get him to consent to get aboard the good old ship 
again. Some there are who go overboard the good 
old ship Zion, and are in serious danger of losing 
their souls, and it often takes much persuasion and 
repeated effort to get them to come on board again, 
to make the voyage across the ocean of life to the 
haven of eternal rest. O that they might all show 
the willingness to be saved, as did the poor man on 
our voyage to Smyrna ! 

The man was a sailor on board of our vessel, and 
had been engaged in furling a sail which was caught by 
a strong blast of wind, causing him to lose his inse- 
cure footing and to go down into the water. We 
shall never forget the agonized look on his face, or 
the imploring tone of his voice, when he called for 
help from the waters of the deep, as the ship went 
by him and he lost hope of ever being saved. When 
he was safely on board again, there was not a happier 
man on the ship than he who had been overboard. He 
had a narrow escape. If he had been blown overboard 
at night, or if a train of thought had not led to imme- 
diate action, he must certainly have lost his life. 
Taken all. together, it shows the importance of being 
ready for an emergency when it comes, and it is also 
a remarkable circumstance that the staggering of our 
traveling campanions led to a train of thought that 
really saved the life of the sailor. All the life pre- 
servers, thrown overboard later, did not help him. It 
was the one that went to him because of the train of 
thought that led to immediate action, that saved the 
man's life. May not the hand of the Lord have been 
manifest in the incident? D. L. M. 

The State and the Church. 

Both institutions are of divine origin. Paul, speak- 
ing of the State, says, " The powers that be are or- 
dained of God." Jesus is King, and the Church is 
his kingdom (John 18: 36, 37). The State is of God, 
as Creator, to man as creature; the Church is of God, 
through Jesus as Savior, to man as sinner. God, as 
Creator, gave to man as his creature a government be- 
fore his fall, while the Church was given because man 
had fallen, that, as a sinner, he might be saved from 

Under the Old Dispensation the State and Church 
were united under one government. The law of 
Moses administered both the civil and spiritual in- 
terests of the people. Under the New Dispensation 
the State and Church are separate institutions, with 
the law of the land administering the interests of the 
State, and the law of Jesus administering the interests 
of the Church. And each has its law of entrance, its 
government, its mission ; and there are interests held 

citizen of the kingdom of heaven. The birth way 
is the only door into each kingdom. In the natural 
birth man is totally passive; he is born into the State 
not at his own choice. In this spiritual birth man is 
partly active and partly passive ; he has the power of 
choice, and decides, in the last issue of the case, 
whether or not he will be bom into the kingdom of 
heaven. Then membership in both State and Church 
may be transferred from one local division to another. 

The authority of law governs the State. All civil 
government is based upon the authority of law. with 
the sword as its symbol of authority and its weapon. 
Its conquests are by the sword, and it rules by author- 
ity. And its "ministers (officers of the law) bear 
not the sword in vain ; for they are the ministers of 
Cod. ... to him that doeth evil " It is gov- 
ernment based upon physical force, and its subjects 
must obey the laws from a sense of the authority of 

Love governs the Church. "For the weapons of 
our warfare are not carnal." Both in yielding tn the* 
law of the spiritual birth and in the requirements of 
fellowship, "The love of Christ constraineth us." Its 
subjects, being overpowered with a sense of God's 
goodness and mercy, yield and obey at love's com- 
mand, and stake their lives upon God's honor and 
faithfulness. Love is the conquering and governing 
force in Christianity. It is government at the choice 
of the governed, — perfect government, — the only per- 
fect government in the world, — the government of 
God's perfect and abiding kingdom here and here- 

The mission of the two institutions : The State deals 
with man as a creature ; the Church deals with him as 
a sinner. The State makes citizens; the Church 
makes Christians. The State deals with all, for all 
are citizens of the State; the Church deals only with 
its members, for they only are supposed to be Chris- 
tians. The State administers the government of the 
sword; the Church administers the government nf 
love. The State is established to secure peaceable 
lives; the Church is established to secure the salva- 
tion of sinners. The State deals with persons and 
property; the Church deals with souls. The State is 
for time; the Church is for time and eternity. 

The Church, as an institution or kingdom, is not of 
the world. The Church's life, interests and aims are 
not of this world ; they are of the world to come. The 
Church, fundamentally speaking, is not concerned 
with temporal interests, and has to do with them in 
so far only as they are essential to its mission. The 
Church is concerned with the spiritual, eternal in- 
terests. The State is concerned with the present, 
temporal interests. That's its mission. The Church. 
therefore, is called out from the world, out of the 
mission of the State, and has been born into a higher 
life, working out a better mission. 

Yet the members of the Church arc, at the same 
time, citi/ens nf the State. Th<-y have all been horn 

Man is born into the State by the natural birth, 
which makes him a citizen of the land; he is born into . 
the Church by the spiritual birth', which makes him a 

spiritual citizenship, and in the State, as in the Church, 
death is the only condition of losing citizenship. The 
natural death forfeits natural citizenship; spiritual 
death forfeits spiritual citizenship. Members of the 
Church, like the rest, must pay taxes to maintain the 
State, and they must obey the laws nf the land, nr pay 
the penalty of transgression. Tn short, they must 
"render tn Cesar the things that an- Omar's; and 
unto God the things that are God's." Certainly, if 
the State commands what the Church forbids, or for 
bids what it commands, then it becomes a question of 
obeying God rather than man. 

Peace is a principle of both the State and the 
Church. It is one of a family of mixed questions, 
such as the civil oath, marriage, divorce, slavery, 
alcoholism, etc., p"artly civil and partly moral, and 
belonging partly to the State and partly to the Church, 
or to both jointly. The State secures and maintains 
peace by the sword, while the Church docs it by 
love. The one is armed peace, and the other is peace 
without arms, based on moral grounds. Thus you 
see the superiority and certainty of the one over the 

Now to the practical point. Every Christian is 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 

bound, by the honor of his profession, to peace with- 
out arms, which is peace by moral suasion, by com- 
mon right, by brotherhood, by good sense. He is 
bound by the same law also to do his utmost to es- 
tablish peace without arms, and the conviction that 
warrants it on moral grounds. At this time, when 
the Government is in commotion on militarism, every 
Christian in the land ought to feel that he can't do 
less than array himself uncompromisingly against 
all preparation for war. Let the nations of the earth 
be won to peace without arms. Let the nations dis- 
arm, instead of building up arms and arsenals, and 
bond themselves together in a universal peace treaty. 
On the question of peace, let the State yield to the 
higher light of the Church in peace without arms. 

The Church of the Brethren, in the days of slavery, 
cried out against it, denouncing it as a dreadful sin. 
Her position was unyielding. She did her part in 
creating the sentiment that swept it from the nation. 
Let her hold the same position against militarism, and 
i rv ;iL;;nnsl it as an awful sin. Let her do her part in 
establishing the background of moral sentiment and 
conviction that will one day sweep militarism and 
carnal warfare from the face nf the earth. And let 
Uer get busy at once! . H - c ' E - 


What does it mean? According to a very gener- 
ally accepted definition, an epicure is one who finds 
his chief good in seeking after and eating good things. 
If we accept this definition, then we are largely a 
nation of epicureans. We. a* a people, are good 
livers, and we enjoy good things. Why should we 
not? There does not seem Jo be any law against it, 
either moral, physical or spiritual, as all of our eat- 
ables are gifts from God and we should not only ac- 
cept them as such, hut he very thankful to the Giver 
fur them. 

If we are considerate enough, we arc generally 
thoughtful enough to eat slowly, masticate thorough- 
ly, and to do it in a spirit that will enable us to get 
-ml m" our eating all the good and the enjoyment that 
our Heavenly Father intended our feasting should 
afford us. 

The spirit in which we eat, and the manner, has 
much more to do with good digestion and assimila- 
tion than the kind of food, whether it be animal or 
vegetable. A happy, cheerful and thankful spirit, 
while wc are eating, has much to do with giving ac- 
livitv to our physical organs, and it should be our 
purpose to cultivate such a spirit and condition, while 
thus partaking of the Father's mercies. 

The writer was born and raised on a farm. There 
were six boys of us. and many of the pleasant recol- 
lections, which we so much enjoy in our retrospects, 
cluster about the times when we surrounded the fam- 
ily hoard as a united and happy family. And, of 
course, a good mother's providing and cooking con- 
tributed to those very enjoyable occasions. 

The providing for and feeding of so large a family 
meant business, thought and preparation, — especially 
in the autumn and upon the approach of winter. It 
meant the laying in store of about twelve hundred 
pounds ni" pork, a part of which was made into sau- 
sages and puddings, six hundred pounds of beef, a 
barrel of sauerkraut, some commeal for mush, several 
sacks of buckwheat flour to make rakes. — to be baked 
on the lop of the ten plate stove. In the cellar there 
were several well-filled bins of apples and potatoes. 
The chickens raised during the summer were by 
autumn crowding the roosts. The pullets were get- 
ting ready to lay the eggs for the golden pumpkin pies 
and the delicious custard pies, which mother knew 
so well how to make. 

Such, to us, is a very vivid picture of some of the 
old-fashioned homes in the bygone days. In the re- 
trospecting they become not only very real, but in- 
teresting, and afford very sweet remembrances. 

We imagine just how some of you, in reading ibis, 
will exclaim: " You have been bom and raised a full- 
fledged epicurean." 

Not at all. Wc are not. in any way, related to 
Epicurus, neither do we, in any way. accept his phi- 

losophy, as he taught it in his school of philosophy at 
Athens, some 300 years B. C. His teaching did not, 
as far as wc can learn, have any special relation to 
eating and luxurious living. Although he laid down 
the doctrine that pleasure was the chief good, the life 
that he and his friends lived was conducive to the 
greatest temperance and simplicity. 

In psychology he was a decided materialist. Ac- 
cording to his theory, the greatest evil that afflicted 
men was the fear of the gods and the fear of death. 
To get rid of these was the aim of all his teachings. 
He believed that there were gods, but as they were 
happy and imperishable beings, they could have noth- 
ing to do with the affairs of men. He first proceeds 
to show that when we arc, death is not; and when 
death is, we are not. This kind of reasoning might 
satisfy those who did not believe in God, but we would 
call it poor reasoning for so notable a philosopher. 

Now, while we do not believe in gormandizing and 
sumptuous eating, we do believe in accepting, with 
thanksgiving, the good things which God has so 
graciously given us for the satisfying of our hunger, 
and the upbuilding and sustaining of our physical 
bodies, though, as we now see and feel, we would dis- 
criminate against the large supply of pork and some 
other things, which we could omit and enjoy life quite 
as well. But while we could do this with good grace, 
we would, in no way, feel, in doing it, like infringing 
on the rights or pleasures of others who enjoy all 
kinds of meats, and for it " give God thanks." 

Charity in all things, not forbidden of God, is a 
better philosophy than that of epicureanism, stoicism 
or any of the other isms that have had their origin by 
and through the wisdom of men. h. b. e. 

Editorial Miscellany. 

You would hardly suppose it, but it is said to be a 
fact, nevertheless, that 5,000 Navajo children are 
without a missionary, teacher or physician. Sections 
of this reservation of our Indian wards, aggregating 
sixteen thousand square miles in extent, are absolute- 
ly in heathen darkness. And this is not in some far- 
off heathen land, but within the bounds of the United 
States,— the land of religious privileges. 

Some one, with an ample supply of patience, has 
consulted the records of the various States, and now 
reports that the society women of the United States 
spend $10,000,000 annually on lap dogs. While thou- 
sands of homeless children are pitifully pleading for a 
mother's care, it seems to us that a most pronounced 
change for the better might be made by the women 
who are now wasting their money on dogs. 

Increasing activity of the Mormons, in their work 
of proselyting, is said to have aroused considerable 
opposition among the citizens of Fulton County, Pa. 
The recent destruction of the new Mormon church 
in Buck Valley, by dynamiters, will not prove to be, 
however, the proper way to curb the undue activities 
of the Latter Day Saints. An attempted "knock" 
of that sort is more likely to he a "boost." 

The Joy of Yielding, and the Danger. 

It is a shortsighted business policy that insists al- 
ways, and at any cost, on having every last cent that is 
due. A man of that stamp is soon found out in his 
community, and shunned in business relations as far 
as possible. You have heard men say, " I pay every 
cent I owe and I intend to have all that belongs to me." 
Absolute honesty is a virtue all too rare, and there is 
something to admire in the sentiment just quoted. But 
honesty that is also generous is a finer brand, and it 
will be found to pay better, too. 

But will it always pay? If a man permits himself 
to be run over, will not unprincipled people take ad- 
vantage of him? It must be admitted that this will 
sometimes happen, and that the policy of yielding will 
sometimes bring serious loss. It would be too much 
to say that in all circumstances one should quietly sub- 
mit to injustice. But there is another consideration 
which goes far to compensate for any material loss. 
The peace-loving and yielding spirits are always 
happy, and the only ones that arc. And to maintain 
such a spirit we can well afford to pay any material 

There is no surer guarantee for wretchedness than 
this: " Cultivate the disposition to stand up always for 
your rights. Claim everything that belongs to you. 
Demand tba't all disputes be settled on your terms. 
Never yield an inch unless clearly shown to be in the 
wrong, and take good care not to be shown." By such 
a policy you may perhaps turn out to be the exception 
to the rule and become the richest man in the com- 
nuinitv; but be sure that you will be also the most 
miserable. " Learn of me, for I am meek and lowly 
in heart," was fesus' recipe for soul-rest, and the world 
has never found a better one. For nothing fortifies 
against the troublous storms of life like a meek and 
quiet spirit. 

But valuable as is the conciliatory spirit, like every 
other virtue, it is capable of perversion, and we must 
take care lest we mistake the false for the true. The 
peace-loving man will find a temptation to be indif- 
ferent when he might be actively useful. He is in dan- 
ger of becoming a drone in society and church. He 
is likely to be reconciled too easily to the sin and wrong 
about him, and to retire into his own quiet, selfish cor- 
ner. Some people doubtless think they are very peace- 
ably inclined when in truth they are only* lazy. 

Referring to a recent editorial note, Bro. Jas. A. 
Sell writes : " If the news of their doings is ' too bad 
to keep,' how about the preachers? However, the 
parable of the tares is not favorable to the weeding 
out method. . . . The only apparent remedy is 
to encroach carefully and prudently upon their ter- 
ritory- Let some one, who is as wise as a serpent 
and harmless as a dove,, distribute tracts, take sub- 
scriptions for the church's literature and get the peo- 
ple to reading. . . . We must educate or perish 
by our neglect." 

Bro. D. H. Longenecker, of Paola, Kans., says 
he has been over a good part of his State lately, and 
believes that at least two-thirds of the people are op- 
posed to the preparedness program. He commends 
the plan of writing personal letters of protest to con- 
gressmen. These should be short. The c,ase need 
not be argued. The important thing is to let your 
representatives in Congress know what their consti- 
tuents think. Petitions, too, should he sent to con- 
gress rather than to the President, or if to the latter, 
then, by all means, to the former also. 


Garden Spo 
Icy Bai 


i the Old Testament.— l!y Rev. J. Pr 

Dayton. Ohio. Fifty cents, postpaid. It may he ordered 
of the "Brethren Publishing House. 

This is a beautiful name of a beautiful little hook, full 
of beautiful thoughts. And it is not as little cither as you 
might guess from the price, or as it seems at first glance, 
for it contains 234 pages. The paper, type, binding, "lus- 
trations, are all of first quality- The name well indi- 
cates its character. Suggestive Old Testament incidents 
arc made the basis* of helpful homilies in which whole- 
some truths are applied to the unfolding of Christian char- 
acter. Ally lover of the things of the Spirit would find 
many a stimulating lesson in its pages. The author is 
seeking to show that the Old Book is 'God's thought- 
granary, from which he feeds his people on the Bread of 

i for Hodder 

1 Sto 

dollars, net. May be ordered of the Brethren Publii 

Many books have been published, designed to put I 
Bible narrative into story form, with the special aim 
making it interesting to children. This book belongs 
this class and, it seems to us, is destined to take first ra 
in it. It is a large book of over four hundred hroad-ni 
gincd pages, is printed in large type, has a good-look 



ill color. This 

cry . 


clear and charm 
same time keeps remarkably close to the words c 
standard English versions. The language is reverci 
careful. While made for children especially, oldei 
sons will read it with interest and profit, and may 
to many a new point, of view and a new apprcciat 
the beauty of the Old. Old Story. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 


s j s tcr si 1(1, by virtue Of lier churcll membership, 1>C a t -liiltl, and sent on.' !■■>* of .WXIiini: In the lialiiin Mission, Itrook- In linr 

member of tlic Aid Society. If some can not attend the i.v«. x. \. w. -. m ?r, h> u,. M:.n Qulnier Mm,, .rial Fund; IfKi Home 

meetings or help to do the work, they may share the '",.'i'<'iy "i'm-Tp- ■." ";' ^l-/' ! m i r i -| X l' , '!i''ni!' , \ r 1 fiiow"^^fflCMi ft>r si".™' 1 

blessing by sending their offering. Occasionally it may the year inn;- it. ^i.i-ni . Si-t,.,- s :11 -:,i, si„-n y ; vi, ■■• President, sii'wt, 

lie practical to give the brethren an opportunity to con- f^?^.?!?"^?.^ >IK1 

iril.nli- l" Ibc tre;i>nry. l.n us. not for^-t tin.' M.iry ijniu \'^i'., !!!,[' T '.",,",,,-, ^"'s'/.t,,' ,",'■',' ii,.i"ia-<!'r' ' \\v ;[ ,T, ,, .i'n ! ? .1' ski!., ' '''''.' 

ler Memorial Fund and our School Fund for China. Let Cora Holsinser >i* Superintendent—Mr*. Jennie Shelly, Willi s ["' li; " f 

us not forget the poor of our own community, who need bnre ' P °"'^|"' 2 I\ ___,. , . g , rocelvi 

garments that they may be brought into the Sunday- ter ' R .' \ h] Sm .|,, ty ' r ' nr mr.-'\'^lu'X^ ,1. >n » ted ""1 -js" c'nrnients Iii'uin" 

school. There are also the city missions that need cloth- made, in; : tar m« .listrii.m. ■.!. im»; .■»mf..rK ma.i.-. :r, : ,,,illi> f or t ii 

ing,— new as well as second-hand. May the Lord di- JJ "" Mf ' , , l! ! ■ ii ,1"- ' W, 'i . 1 : ' ! 'i ' ■ i v "■ v ^ ^ ■" , 1 1 1' ri ■ 1 ■ . 1 ^ " ■ ' ' 1 ?""otal 'amount *of F^in 

rcct ns in all our labors! Elizabeth H. Brubaker, colteettoJis' Siii; ■'.'.. 'nev "'<\i™\i-,\! siVn'. ■eiv.'.i. ^.."i';' »""wTm*- ant." E 

Virden, 111., Jan. 21. President of the Aid Societies. bursed, $40.06. nninnce l 


si. -..-11. 

llsslon, Los Angeles, $0; to Sand 

lurch, costing $7.20; i>ald $7 
■ ?2.-i:> to India Mission and 

: bought one dozen taI rece i T ,ts f„r the year were ¥108.91; totnl 
' r raT7l''^iZ , ''\v'.'i' , |- ; 1,,!,vin *-' ;| 1 ";l;: 1 "-" "' * :,7 , in the treasury. V 

lent two shipments of goods, 
...e to n.ieaco.-eaeli valued lit Slo. We 
jelly to the City Hospital, valued at $ii 

Chlldren Sneoi 

1 and expended $109.3' 

1-day nieeMnss. 
■ship fees. (30.40 : 

¥-J.-,.n.-. : t„ 

. ?|S.'JS, leaving in I 

' gingham, percnle and outl 

ice of *I4.48 in 1 

.nil w>m. : 

hundred sixty-two pieces, 

L-emge attend- relarv-Treaaurer. W.- h.-l.i mil m.-r me--, v.iri, mi ,iver;jtf.. m ur-' AM f-f..-]-i> n.r u,. -■■■■■ ■ > ■- ■■•-■■ ■ ■ -""_." to 

irinc the vent- tendance of nine. We had <-icht all -dm meeMnjfs, with mw*'h- Ines and (Ive other meetings, t.. n.iilt 11ml He eomrom. e • 

8 which were teen visitors, Our largest attendam;?, was eliteen; smallest , tal attendance wan 110. average (en; largeit number present, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 

sr of Brooklyn 

.; mini. 

d forty-eight 

est number pi 
• iiltrmliini'p. c 

iiiiiiiii'csted by those wl 
as were nil inspirm Ion 

.1., Jan. 


rls.— Jan. 23 our little band of workers 

m In the morning, and In the evening 

rethren church.— J. H. Mnrtln, New Paris, 1 

a.— BUI. Oeo. E. Swihart, or Itoann, eomm 

r~ «,r II 

»etinga for ws Jan. 22. He preached the 


tt.m.'llinr jiiinv rnmmetu-cd to read their 

nn "The Prayer Veil" drew a large crowd 


To the regret of all. the meetings had to 

wi,' 1 'r 

number seemed verv hear the kingdom. The 

for good future Work Chflstlnn Metzler. 



The new year of lniB is well begun and o 

Women Prophesying, 

for this place. w 
tli Bro. J. T\ Bui 

sick, and desired 

tlicm questions, and to dispute with them. It was al- 
lowable for men to do so; but for women to do so, 
would be a shame. Hence Paul writes in 1 Cor. 14: 
34, 35 as follows : " Let your women keep silence in 
the churches: for it is not permitted unto them to 
speak, but they are commanded to be under obedience, 
as also saith the law. And if they will learn any thing, 
let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame 
for women to speak in the church." If Paul had ref- 
erence to prophesying, or preaching, there would be 
no occasion for the comma-.d, " Let .them ask their 
husbands at home." 

In Ohio we would consider it a shame for a brother, 
— and much more so a sister, — to stop a minister dur- 
ing his preaching, to ask him questions, to contradict 
him. etc. Such things seldom happen. In such cases 
we would say ,lo our brethren, " Keep silence in the 
churches." The Bible harmonizes, if properly under- 

In 1 Tim. 2: 11, 12 we read, " Let the women learn 
in silence with all subjection. But I suffer not a wom- 
an to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but 
to be in silence." This is in line with 1 Cor. 14: 34, 
35, and 1 Cor. 11. For women to teach and usurp 
authority over the man is not allowed in all these, and 
other passages, but for them to " pray and prophesy " 
is both a privilege and dirty. The original design of 
God was that the woman should be a " help meet to 
man" Through sin she lost this privilege in sacred 
things. Through the atonement this privilege and dirty 
was fully restored to her. Hence let us all "help 
those women which labor with us in the gospel " 
(Philpp. 4: 3). 

Harfvillc, Ohio. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 


-Recently Bro. Bnruhnrt preaelieil 
vere made tn rejolro when one m'iis 

anston, Ky„ Jan. 28. 


* willing to 


in. 1 

-,, with B,„. 

;slding. Sunday-! 

brought before 
next meeting. 

>rbaugli, Sunday*-* 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— February 12, 1916. 


n.— Bro. Dllling, 

, begun a staging 

i> C/rriiHv i 
I'uii rutins 

. D id orgon|se n Sunday- school. Brt 

has I.....H lUHilv-thM-; III o hltfltr-s 

uit formerly was used by tlio " Sulci! 


most Interesting 

meeting a petition i 
ird, regarding the i 
i Staunton church. 

;i'svl][(>, Vsi 

C Meyersilale, Pa,, 

u.'i-k.-. M-iir> mi miiijih M>. >|n -i .s.-iiiii p..-.. i |i i in. .in v i>m-- s:;l.L^ Km, i. us.-- ..I' tin- mIih.iI s|s7C l.-uii,.' in Mi.- trci-i 

''ii'm'i'.t'i '"'riir."'" -.'.rii.w'i' \v<'n- 'i.n'n.'lii'.'i'' on^'sonYi'v " miT' wk ll "' , ' ll,l ' : " ll 'I'haii ksu'iviiiK .'vniiiii:. Six wen- l.ii|itl/cil shortly 


frly acknowledge. 

.u.-iiiiu: i 


ml ihc 

■ I* 

Since my last report I spent oVer two weeks with the 
Father's children in the Saginaw church, Mich. Although 
few in number, yet I found the little band zealous for the 
Master's cause. They have a real ministerial problem, as. 
, they lost that able man of God, Bro. 
i was taken away in the prime of his njin- 
. by the ruthless hand of death, and now 
ter, Eld. J. E. Albaugh, is confined to the 
best medical help that they can secure, 
seems unable to render any assistance in this hour of need. 
Bro. Albaugh seems to be fully resigned to the will of the 
Lord, and his devoted wife and family are standing nobly 
by him in this hour of suffering. With loving hearts and 
willing hands they do not count any sacrifice too great, if 
they can only ease his pain or soothe his sorrow. This 
church is praying for some one to come to their rescue 
just now. They have a good agricultural country. Any 
minister, not needed at home, that feels like lending .t 
helping hand, can have plenty of free range in the Sag- 
inaw church. Investigate, please! 

Bro. C. P. Rowland, of Lanark, 111., is conducting his 
sixth week of meetings in the Hart church and the end 
is not yet. The first three weeks he ably held forth the 

Word til" Life near Walkerville. .ill this church district. 
Since Jan. 15 he has not shunned to declare unto us the 
whole coun