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The Gospel Messenger 

'THY KINGDOM COME "— Mm. 6: io : l«i» ii:2 

. the stature of the 

Vol. 70 

Elgin, III., January 1, 1921 

No. 1 

In This Number 


That Problem in Fellowship, 1 

Will He Find Faith in You? 1 

Spent Enthusiasms and Something More, 1 

Among the Churches, 8 

Around the World 9 

The Quiet Hour 10 

The Forward Movement Department — 

Between the Years S 

The Many Calls for Money 5 

Contributors' Forum — 

A New Year's Wish (Poem). Selected by Viola Priser, 2 

A Church Money Problem. By J. H. Moore 2 

A Brethren University. By J. M. Blough 2 

The Problem of the Orient. By D. W. Kurtz 3 

Our Auto Accident— A Few After-thoughts. By J. Carson Miller, 3 

To an Old Calendar (Poem). By Myra Brooks Welch 4 

"Then, Why Don't You Give? " By Nettie C. Weybright 4 

New Year's Resolutions. By Katie E. Keller, 4 

Baptism.— A Sermon Outline.— No. I. By C. C. Ellis 4 

The Bible a Practical Book. By J. S. Sherfy, 4 

Secrets of Success in the Apostolic Church. By Ray S. Wagoner, 10 

The Round Table- 
Keep Yourself Out of Sight. By Archer Wallace 6 

The Listening Device. By Nora E. Berkcbile 6 

A New Year's Prayer. By Fay Aldene Gray, ..."*T 6 

How the Workmen Propose to Kill Militarism. By M. M. Eshel- 

man, 6 

Thy First Love. By Katie Flory 6 

Homo and Family— 

At the Option of Desire (Poem). By Josephine Hanna 7 

The Service to Which Woman's Nature Is Best Adapted. By 

Fern M. Wagner 7 

Our Standards of Morals. By Sallie E. Mohlcr, 7 


That Problem in Fellowship 

Have you been thinking about it seriously? How is 
one to do business at all when success in it means loss 
for somebody else, and at the same time have fellow- 
ship with a Christ who insists on the golden rule — 
loving your neighbor as yourself — and such things? 
It is a real dilemma, isn't it? 

Take the grocer again, for illustration. Surely there 
can be no question about the legitimacy of his business. 
It is not only honorable, but indispensable. As society 
is now organized, we could not do without him. 

It goes without saying that the Christian grocer will 
be strictly honest in his dealings with his patrons as 
well as with the firms from which he buys. Also that 
he will take no " undue " advantage — whatever that 
may mean — of his fellow-grocer across the street. But 
will he love him as himself? Shall he be as much con- 
cerned about his success as about his own? Or shall 
he try, by good service and honest advertising, to build 
up a large trade for himself? How large? Where 
shall he get his customers? Shall he take any from 
\ his fellow-grocer, if he can? Not? Well! 

The case of the grocer is a convenient illustration, 
easily understood by everybody, but his dilemma is 
not peculiar to his business. It is encountered in 
every business in which competition for personal ad- 
vantage enters as a factor. And in what business does 
such competition not enter, in some measure? It is 
at least true that it enters very strongly into many 
vocations and industries which are absolutely essen- 
tial to human welfare. It is also true that it is in 
direct conflict with the standard of good will toward 
others set up by Jesus. You can not wish for another 
the same good fortune that you wish for yourself, 
when you are trying to get something you do not 
want him to have. 

The grocer, along with all the rest of us, is the 
victim of a system which he did not create, which he 
alone is powerless to change, and which makes it im- 
possible for him to conduct his business in complete 
accord with the Christ standard of neighborliness. He 
can carry out this principle in part and this he is cer- 
tainly bound to do. Within the limits of the restric- 
tions which are imposed by the very nature of a com- 
petitive system, he can and will, if he is a Christian, 
practice this neighbor-loving doctrine. Individual con- 

sciences of equal sincerity may differ as to the precise 
location of these limits, but this does not alter the main 
fact. The limits are real and any business man, who 
wants to live in fellowship with Christ, will run up 
against them. The question, then, is, What next? 
When he has done the best he can, under the present 
system, has he discharged his full responsibility? 

But why put the question on the plane of duty? 
Our subject is fellowship with Christ. The business 
man we have under consideration is the one who 
wishes to realize, in his own experience, the fullness 
of this fellowship. The question that will interest him 
is not whether there is anything else he ought to do 
about the matter, but whether there is anything he can 
do to make his fellowship with Christ more intimate. 

Fellowship, let it be kept in mind, is a matter of 
spiritual kinship. One has fellowship with Christ, in 
so far as he has the mind, the spirit, of Christ. In the 
situation we have supposed, therefore, the important 
question is: What attitude can the man take that will 
bring him into closer harmony with the Christ ideal 
in his business relations and so make the fellowship 
between himself and Christ richer and sweeter? 

Approached from this angle, his problem is not quite 
so baffling as it seemed. His course, in fact, becomes 
surprisingly clear. 

The first thing he can do is to keep on doing, as he 
has been in the past, the very best he can to practice 
the spirit of neighborliness, within the confines im- 
posed on him by the pernicious system under which 
he is compelled to work. And as he does this he will 
find, more and more, ways in which he can sacrifice 
his personal profit for the benefit of his neighbor, and 
be all the happier for it. 

In the second place, he can despise and condemn in 
his heart the vicious system which keeps him from 
doing business absolutely and unreservedly in accord 
with the great principle of love and unrestricted good 
will, which was proclaimed by his Master. And he 
can earnestly desire that this system may be destroyed 
and supplanted by one in which the law of Christ would 
be supreme. 

In the third place he can — and having taken the 
two preceding steps, he will — set about to find out 
whether he can do something toward the realization 
of the better way. Finding that he is helpless single- 
handed, he will seek to lead others into the truth which 
has come to him. Thus he will labor on patiently, 
biding the time when sentiment for neighbor-loving 
will be strong enough to effect the change. 

Very likely the outlines of that better, more Chris- 
tian, system are somewhat indistinct as yet, in the 
mind of our Christian business man who is seeking 
more complete fellowship with Christ. Perhaps he 
knows no more about it now than this — that it will 
not set men to struggling for advantage over each 
other. That is the one certain thing about it. It will 
supplant competition by cooperation. Christian men 
will work together for the success of all. They will 
not work against each other. 

Yes, there is one other characteristic of the better 
business system which we can discern now. The co- 
operation in it will not be the kind which rewards 
indolence and industry alike. Laziness and lawless- 
ness of every sort will receive its merited penalty. 
Love is always good will, but it is not always indul- 
gence. It may be stern as well as gentle. The co- 
operation of the new system can not ignore the value 
and justice of rewarding self-inittative, but it will 
supply a more powerful motive than exclusive self- 
interest. It will tend to abolish the false antithesis 

between self-interest and the interest of others. Its 
cardinal principle will be that the true interest of each 
is found in the interest of all, that is, in loving your 
neighbor as yourself. 

But can our Christian business man who is seeking 
this complete measure of fellowship with his Lord in 
his everyday affairs— can he hope that all his longing 
and striving will amount to anything? Of what use 
is it for him to play with such Utopian fancies? Isn't 
he always doomed simply to do the best he can, at 
loving his business rival as well as he can? Without 
expecting ever really to be able to love him as himself? 
Isn't he? Is there anything in Christian history, any- 
thing in the experience of the early Christians who 
lived close to the time of Jesus, anything to justify the 
hope of something better? Is there? 

Perhaps it is a good thing to have questions like 
these to think about a while. 

Will He Find Faith in You? 

You remember the parable of the importunate 
widow and the unrighteous judge, and how Jesus 
drew from it the double assurance that God would 
hearken to the cry of his elect? For he is not an un- 
righteous Judge, you know. But did you ever take 
in the full force of that " nevertheless," with which 
Jesus concludes the parable? 

Whether God could be depended on to come to his 
people's rescue was a great question in the minds of 
some. Jesus easily showed how foolish that question 
was and then deftly turned the tables with his " never- 
theless, when the -Son of man cometh, shall he find 
faith on the' earth?" God was ready — there was no 
doubt about that part of it — but would his people 
continue to trust him? 

There was the only problem. And to drive that 
home upon the consciences of his hearers, and so to 
enforce the lesson that " they ought always to pray 
and not to faint " he left the parable hanging on that 
sharp interrogation point. 

It was the Master's way. He was always giving 
a practical turn to everything. Not what God can do 
but what men need to do to enable God to use them— 
that is the question of immediate concern. 

Spent Enthusiasms and Something More 

You may or may not know Frederick Lynch. He 
is the editor of Christian Work and has a habit of 
saying things with a good deal of sense in them. Here 
is one such recent utterance: " History has been, to 
a very great degree, the record of spent enthusiasms." 

It is the experience of the last two years that makes 
the words seem so pertinent at the present time. For 
what is the record of these years but the record of 
spent enthusiasms ? So they seem now. Dr. Lynch 
is right, isn't he? 

Yes, he is right. But it is that qualifying phrase, 
" to a very great degree," that makes him right. It is, 
indeed, a great pity that these fine enthusiasms for 
better things and speedier progress must be so largely 
lost. But the saving feature of the situation is that 
they are not entirely lost. There is always a residuum 
which is carried over. The next wave of enthusiasm 
is a little higher and when it also is spent, there is a 
little net gain. 

History is a record of spent enthusiasms and some- 
thing besides. And that something is a small measure 
of substantial achievement. That is why working for 
righteousness and the progress of the Kingdom of 
God is the most profitable business in the world. 



A New Year's Wish 

Selected by Viola Priscr. Sidney, Ind. 

Let me be brave and face the night, 

And bear my portion of the fight 

With courage, not that I may be 

Accounted great in victory. 

But that another, treading on, 

May still keep heart when hope seems gone. 

Grant to me wisdom, not that I 
May pose as one who's clambered high 
And count myself superior clay 
To those less learned. Oh, God, I pray 
For wisdom and a clearer mind, 
To aid the ones who come behind. 
Let me be strong and brave of heart, 
Ami leach me how to play my part 
As one who toils not just for gold; 
Thus I'd not have my history told; 
But let me serve as best I can, 
My God, my home, my fellow-man. 


A Church Money Problem 


Some time ago a minister in one of the leading 
:enominations of this country, talked to me about one 
if his problems. He said that his congregation, in 
phich were many liberal givers, was getting tired and 
ick of being constantly bored about money. The 
nembers were glad to contribute for the support of 
heir pastor, the cause of missions, educational work 
nd some special lines of charity, but when it came to 
eing called on, every few Sundays, for offerings, and 
hen canvassed during the week, it was proving just 

little too much for their patience. He regarded this 
s his most perplexing problem, and since this, that, 
nd the other call for financial help, had received the 
ndorsement of Conference, he saw no let-up to the 
ontinual grind, and the disturbance made in what 
hould be looked to as cheerful and uplifting services. 

During die last few months other stories have come 
o me along the same line. An earnest sister, whose 
out is wrapped up in the Lord's work, and who is 
leeply concerned in the conversion of souls in this 
nd other lands, says she is greatly perplexed. Her 
ongregation, she continues, has a fine pastor — just 
he man for the place — but it is feared that they may 
lave to lose him, for the simple reason that a sufficient 
upport can not be raised. Many calls come to the 
hurch for money. Then, on the heels of these calls, 
ome expert solicitors, one following the other, and in 
his way the congregation is so thoroughly drained of 
noney, that many of the members claim they can not 
neet their pledges for the support of their pastor and 
lis family. 

A brother, known as a generous giver, writes, say- 
ng, that in his congregation everything is being run 
m such a high and expensive scale that he and a num- 
ber of others do not any more feel like giving. He 
tdds that worldly fashions have made their inroads 
nto the once plain congregation, and that he has be- 
:ome discouraged. All this is sad. The man who is 
ible to give for the support of the Lord's work, and 
is led to neglect his plain duty in this particular, is 
missing a great blessing. Then the church is losing 
the money she ought to have, with which to advance 
the interests of the Kingdom. It is a serious thing to 
lay a stumbling-block in the way of any member, and 
especially in the way of those desiring to honor the 
Master with their substance. 

But how shall the churches meet and dispose of 
these problems? It is the purpose of this article to 
put the Messenger readers to thinking along the line 
of helpful financial methods for the church. So far 
as practicable we must make giving a pleasure. The 
habit of giving should be cultivated, but there is such 
a thing as cultivating a good bearing plant to death. 
The members of the church must be taught to give, but 
let not that giving be made repulsive. The Scriptures 
urge all saints to give liberally and we are told that 
the Lord loves a cheerful giver. To cultivate .this 
principle of liberal and cheerful giving is one of the 
fine arts in church finances. Fortunate is the pastor 

who can take good care of the church's interests in 
this particular. 

We suggest, first of all things, along financial lines, 
that it is the duty of a wise congregation to look well 
to its own interests and needs. Every congregation 
should be well fed, well housed and made to grow in 
grace, good works and numbers. The better the health 
and spirit of a congregation, the more she can accom- 
plish for the Lord. And while this is true, there is 
such a thing as a church exhausting all her resources 
in the interest of her own luxurious manner of living. 
She can spend all her money on herself. This is 
selfishness, and, in the sight of God, may be criminal. 
In outlining her work, and planning for her budget, 
let each congregation see to it that she has a con- 
venient place of worship, that her pastor is amply 
supported, and that she promptly meets all her church 
expenses. In addition to this, she should cheerfully 
and liberally contribute to other worthy causes to the 
extent of her ability. Right here comes in the nice 
point of determining how much a congregation should 
do, ho\v often she should be appealed to for money, 
and to what extent she may be canvassed by agents 
representing worthy interests. 

. Bearing on this phase of the question we have re- 
ports from different parts of the Brotherhood. One 
elder tells us that his congregation, in council, decides 
for or against all outside calls for money, and that 
no one can solicit the congregation without the con- 
sent of the church. This may make it a bit tedious 
for the solicitors, but the church claims the right to 
regulate its own financial interests, and there the 
matter ends. 

The elder of another congregation — and, by the 
way, a very generous congregation — tells us that his 
church has adopted a different plan. When there is 
an outside call for money, the call is submitted to the 
official board, and there the matter is decided. Now 
and then a call may be presented to the church in 
council for consideration. If a solicitor for any of 
our institutions wishes to canvass the congregation, 
the officials., after passing on the request, will assign 
him a date when the solicitation may begin. This 
plan works splendidly, and prevents calls for money 
from coming too close together. It also protects the 
interest of the congregation and keeps the church in 
a good condition, as well as in a commendable spirit 
for giving. The method enables the congregation to 
take good care of her pastor, to meet all local expenses 
and to do a great deal of good besides. 

We have never lived in a congregation that was 
not generous in her giving when a worthy call was 
presented in the right way. Much depends upon the 
way members have been trained, and the manner of 
guarding their interest. It is one thing to have mem- 
bers feel that they are helping in a good cause with 
their money, but quite another, for them to feel that 
they are being bored. Let giving be urged to the 
point of willingness and cheerfulness, but not made 
repulsive. This may be a fine point, but it is worth 
careful consideration. 

We should not teach our members to give less, or 
to look upon giving as a burden. In some instances 
it may be a sacrifice, but there is mighty little of that 
sort of giving by the rich and the well-to-do. Some 
of them may give until they feel it, but there are peo- 
ple who carry their feelings very close to the surface. 
The real thing that we need, about our giving, is 
method. We need a method that will not prove re- 
pulsive to the general membership of the church. 
Each congregation has a right to say what method 
shall be approved. Probably the better one is the last 
one named above, where the calls and solicitations are 
regulated by the official board of the church. The 
congregation in council can instruct the officials re- 
garding her wishes, and then there will be no danger 
of the members being constantly annoyed by solicitors, 
some of whom are exceedingly shrewd. 

If we want to cultivate the habit of giving in good 
faith, and not be made weary in well doing, some 
measure of this sort must be adopted and intelligently 
operated by the different congregations in the Brother- 
hood. In the matter of generous giving, for a large 

variety of purposes, our Brotherhood is in its early 
stage, and it behooves us to adopt methods that will 
promote a healthy growth along this line. We can 
not afford to do anything that will check this growth. 
Sebring, Fla. 

A Brethren University 


It is now generally conceded to be an excellent 
thing that we have our own colleges for the training 
of our young people. No doubt it would have been 
better for the church if, long ago, we had been suffi- 
ciently interested in education to build colleges and 
train our boys and girls for Christian work. But not 
to lament the past, we are glad that we have colleges 
now, and that, year by year, the attendance in these 
colleges is increasing, and that they are sending forth, 
into the vineyard of the Lord, an ever-increasing num- 
ber of qualified workers. Praise his name! 

Now, if it is good to have colleges, might it also be 
advisable to have a university? Surely, everybody 
knows that in these days one who has simply com- 
pleted a college course is not considered sufficiently 
trained for many positions in America, nor on the 
mission field as well. Postgraduate work must be 
done, a higher degree must be secured, special courses 
must be taken along specific lines. All this our young 
people know, hence, to be as well prepared as others, 
they also flock to the universities for advanced work. 
And most certainly they are not to blame. Where else 
could they go? They are entitled to the best, as well 
as others. 

We argue for our colleges that they should be 
patronized because it is safer for our young people 
to be trained in them than elsewhere. Might we argue 
for a university from the same standpoint? Are we 
perfectly satisfied with the morals and the teaching 
of the American universities? Or do we consider 
that our college graduates are stable enough in char- 
acter and doctrine not to be influenced by evil sur- 
roundings and false teaching? Now I do not mean to 
condemn our universities entirely ; there are many . 
noble professors in them, and many fine courses are 
given. But there is no doubt that much teaching in 
the universities and theological seminaries of the pres- 
ent day is absolutely poisonous and anti- Christian. It 
destroys faith in the authority of the Bible, the Deity 
of Jesus Christ, and the merit of church ordinances. 
It advocates tf modernism in theology," " rationalism 
in philosophy," and " materialism in life." It is re- 
ported that during last summer some thirty of our 
members were taking courses at an institution which 
is famous for its heterodoxy. Is there not cause for 
alarm? Our ministers and teachers are being trained 
in such institutions today. What harvest can we ex- 
pect from such sowing? If we love the truth we can 
not be indifferent to this situation. What many other 
churches have already suffered, we are bound to suffer 
also, unless we take heed and seek a remedy. 

A. C. Dixon says: " One of the great needs of the 
Christian church today is a university with the Bible 
at its center, as the standard of all truth — religious, 
moral, historic, and scientific — and the Lord Jesus 
Christ preeminent in the realm of knowledge as in all 
other realms." What a blessing such an institution 
would be ! How the church would benefit by having 
her Workers trained in such a university ! How mis- 
sionaries on furlough would delight to take courses 
there and receive additional power and inspiration for 
their work on the field ! 

Can our church establish such a university? And 
should we do it? These questions may be debatable. 
But, surely, if we build one at all, it must be truly 
Christian. Now it seems to me that the time has 
come when we should consider this question. If we 
want a university, the whole Brotherhood must unite 
and forward the project. It is impossible for any one 
section of the church to do it. The undertaking would 
be large enough (perhaps too large) for the united 
effort and strength of the entire church. At any rate, 
there can be no harm in discussing it. And let us not 
neglect to fortify the church against the inroads- of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1921 

The Problem of the Orient 


[apan's policy in the Orient is much the same as 
: Monroe Doctrine of the United States. One of 
: delegates of the World's Sunday School Conven- 
n, who visited China, then came to Japan, remarked : 
apan is a thousand years ahead of China." Japan 
a modern nation. The greatest marvel of civiliza- 
>n is that Japan in so short a time— practically since 
68, when the monarchy was restored — has become 
modern nation of the first order. 
Japan has learned from the West, especially from 
:rmany. She imitated the so-called Christian nations 
politics, education, industry and commerce. She 
irned the methods of the West and is using them 
meet the competition of the West. 
From 1603 till 1853 Japan was a hermit nation, 
'hy did Japan shut herself off from other nations? 
i a few words it is this: In 1549 Francis Xavier 
ime to Japan and began missionary work for the 
oman Church. The new religion found favor, and 
as helped by some of the leading rulers of Japan, 
ut soon missionaries from other orders came also — 
le Benedictines, Augustinians, Franciscans, and, in- 
:ead of having peace, factions and disturbances arose, 
'o make matters worse, these Catholic missionaries 
egan to plot with their home countries, Spain and 
'ortugal, to come in and suppress Buddhism and 
■hintoism by force, and, in short, to make Japan 
ributary to Spain. The Tokugawa family got control 
f the Shogunate in 1603. Tokugawa Iyeyasu wanted 
•eace. He and his successors found that peace was 
mpossible with plotting and intriguing foreigners in 
lis land. So, in 1637, Christianity, now numbering 
.t least 600,000, was completely exterminated, and 
he nation was closed to the foreigner. In 1853 Com- 
nodore Perry landed in Tokyo Bay and said he would 
eturn the next year. He made a treaty with the 
Shogun, which opened Japan to America. Soon all 
he European countries made similar treaties. 

The Shogun was the Generalissimo, who since 1192 
■uled Japan. The emperor was considered too sacred 
:o govern, so he was made a puppet, penned up in his 
:apital at Kyoto, while the Shogun really ruled. But 
from 1854 to 1868 the historians discovered that the 
Emperor should be the ruler, that the Shogun had 
supplanted him, and should therefore resign. The 
real reason for the restoration was the coming of the 
foreigner, the new problems that arose, and the de- 
generacy of the Shogunate itself, which had no real 
authority to deal with the new and perplexing prob- 
lems. So, in 1868, the Shogun resigned, and the Em- 
peror was restored to power. The capital was re- 
moved from Kyoto to Tokyo, and the palace of the 
Shogun was occupied by the Emperor. From 1868 to 
1912, when Emperor Meiji died, is called the Meiji 
Period — one of the most remarkable in the history of 
the world. During this period Japan became s modern 
nation, a world power and the dominating influence in 
the Orient. 

In 1894 Japan had a war with China. The trouble 
was over Korea. China did not keep her treaty prom- 
ises, and the result was war. Japan easily won the 
victory and China had to pay heavy indemnity — 
$150,000,000 — as well as lose all influence in Formosa. 
Japan took this money and added heavy taxes, to create 
a modern navy and army. In 1904 she was ready for 
the Japanese-Russian war, which first proved to the 
world the superior efficiency of Japan. What was the 
cause of this war? 

Russia was gradually occupying Korea. The rulers 
of Korea have been for many generations very in- 
efficient, and Korea was always under the domination 
of some other power. Russia knew how to flatter, and 
Russian gold succeeded in gaining for Russia one foot- 
hold after another in Korea. 

Japan realized that Russian domination in the 
Orient meant the death-blow to Japanese commerce, 
and to existence itself. England realized that Russian 
supremacy in the Orient would soon endanger India, 
and the open door for all, hence, in 1902, England 
made an alliance with Japan. All efforts at diplomacy 
were used and exhausted to make a settlement, but 

without avail. ' Russia would promise to go no further ; 
then the Russian bear took another step; Russia also 
looked down upon Japan, did not respect her, and 
broke all her promises. It was clear to Japan, as to 
all the world, that Russia was determined to dominate 
not only Manchuria but also Korea, and therefore 
endanger the very life of Japan. So the war came. 
Japan won all the victories. General Nogi captured 
Port Arthur, Admiral Togo destroyed the Russian 
fleet, and General Oyama finished the job at the battle 
of Mukden. Russia did not produce a single first- 
class general, and was ingloriously defeated. The 
Japanese applied modern science in every way. For 
the first time was modern sanitation 'applied in war. 
Every Japanese soldier had to take a bath and put on 
clean underwear before going into battle, so that, if 
hit with a bullet, the filth of his body would not poison 
him. Japan imitated the West and overcame the 
West With her own methods. 

Japan has a country comprised of over 3,000 islands, 
but the total area is less than the State of California. 
On this area she has 60,000,000 people. But Japan is 
a mass of extinct volcanic peaks, and only in the 
narrow valleys and the sea coast can the soil be culti- 
vated. Japan has, therefore, less arable land than the 
State of Kentucky, or about half as much cultivated 
land as the State of Illinois. Thirty million are en- 
gaged in agriculture. Nearly all the work is done by 
hand. Rice is the principal crop. In the south two 
crops are raised each year, one of wheat and the 
other of rice. But it is evident that 60,000,000 can 
not be hampered by outside nations if they want to 
exist, and have only as much arable land as is found 
in one of our smaller States. Japan is therefore 
anxious to get rid of the " white peril," to keep Europe 
from making further encroachments in the Orient. 

What is the situation in Shantung? In 1898 Ger- 
many forced from China concessions in Shantung. 
When the war broke out, in 1914, Japan made treaties 
with England, France and Italy, that they would sup- 
port her in getting the German claims in Shantung 
after the war. The Peace Conference at Paris did 
not tear up thesel treaties, as scraps of paper, but kept 
their promise with Japan. The draft of the treaty 
reads as follows : " Germany cedes to Japan all rights, 
titles and privileges, notably as to Kiao-Chau, and 
the railroads, mines and cables required by her treaty 
with China of March 6, 1898, and by other agreements 
-as to Shantung. 

" All German rights to the railroad from Tsing-tao 
to Tsinanfu, including all facilities and mining rights; 
of exploitation, pass equally to Japan, and the cables 
from Tsing-tao to Shanghai and Chefoo, the cables 
free of all charges; all German state property, 
movable and immovable, in Kiao-Chau is acquired by 
Japan free of all charges." 

Of course China resents Japan's influence in her 
territory, just as she resented, but was helpless, 
when Germany, England, Russia and France en- 
croached upon her. The American people . criticise 
Japan for her policy of aggression, but too often we 
forget that she is only imitating the West. We say 
she has no business in China, but few people ever men- 
tion the fact that England and France are there. In 
other words, we can not justify Japan, but we should 
realize that her action is an exact imitation of so- 
called Christian nations, and with much more justifica- 
tion — economic pressure and racial homogeneity. 
Japan is as anxious to ward off the " white peril " as 
we are to avoid a "yellow peril." The problem of 
Japan is to feed her 60,000,000 people, and maintain 
the open door in China against Western domination. 
The problem of the world is to rise to higher inter- 
national ethics — to put human welfare, peace and 
brotherhood first, and not economic exploitation, as 
has been the custom of the past. It was the view of 
the leaders and speakers of the World's Sunday School 
Convention, that nothing less than the Christian ideals 
of justice and brotherhood will solve the international 
problems. We can hardly expect Buddhist and Shin- 
toist Japan to rise higher than Christian nations, yet 
history shows that in no case have her aggressions been 
so pronounced as the nations of the West, and in every 
case, economic pressure and self-defense were the de- 

ciding motives. We can not hope to have peace and 
good will among the nations unless we demand the 
same ethics of nations as we do from individuals. 
It is just as wrong for a nation to steal and oppress 
as for individuals to do so, and God judges nations 
as well as individuals. The problem of the Orient is 
the same as elsewhere. Each nation has the problem 
of feeding its population, of maintaining its integrity, 
and of right relations with other nations. When 
Christian ethics are once applied, all problems will be 

McPherson, Kans. 

Our Auto Accident — A Few After-Thoughts 


As a rule, people are disposed to look upon the dark 
side of tilings that do not seem to be favorable to 
their immediate personal interests. We were no ex- 
ception to the general rule, when, Nov. 13, the car in 
which we were traveling ran into a large dog, was 
thrown end for end, and completely overturned, in- 
juring, to some extent, each of the five occupants of 
the car. An inventory, immediately after the accident, 
revealed the following; My collar-bone broken, my 
wife's shoulder-blade fractured, my son knocked sense- 
less for an hour or more, Miss G. an arm broken, Mr. 
G., our driver, several slight injuries. 

The fact that we had started with one patient for 
the hospital, and now had at least four that needed 
surgical attention, was anything but cheering, and if 
the present cloud had a silver lining, we failed to see 
it just then. In the days that followed, however — ■ 
in our calmer moments — we reviewed the circum- 
stances of the case more fully, and saw the blessings 
that had come to us in disguise. It was then that we 
said; "The accident in itself was bad, but we have 
great reason to be thankful that we came off so well." 
Our doctor, who was called upon the scene, said: 
" You were indeed fortunate ; I have seen people killed 
in just such accidents." One good brother suggested 
to us that we would now doubtless have a good deal 
of time for meditation. Yes, and the time so spent 
has made us feel that the Lord can and will bring 
good even out of an automobile accident. Among the 
many lessons that are forcibly brought to us are the 
following : 

,1. Our sympathy for others, who have met with 
similar accidents, is increased. On our Valley Pike, 
which is a part of the " Great National Highway " 
from New York to Atlanta, accidents are of frequent 
occurrence, yet we have never seen them in just the 
same light in which we see them now. We have had 
sympathy in a way, it is true, yet the Lord may have 
known that in our office of ministering to others and 
bringing comfort to sorrowing souls we need to have 
clearer insight into the recesses of sad and suffering 

2. Our stock of patience may not have been just 
what the Lord thought we ought to have, and, surely, 
the condition we are now in tends to cultivate patience. 
We are not confined to our room, but, by being careful 
as to our movements, have been able to walk about 
ever since the accident. With our one arm tightly 
bandaged and fastened to our body, we can see numer- 
ous things that ought to be done, and yet we are 
powerless to do them. This, is true of physical work 
on our farm, and is even more emphatically true of 
spiritual work in our near-by fields, even in our home 

3. Here comes in the lesson of trust in God. We 
need to trust his methods of work. We need to trust 
his power to bring good out of what we think is evil. 
We need to learn that " God is our refuge and strength, 
a very present help in trouble" (Psa. 46: 1). The 
psalmist most assuredly uttered a truth when he said : 
" It is good for me that I have been afflicted, that I 
might learn thy statutes " (Psa. 119: 71). These mis- 
fortunes and trials in life are ofttimes for our best 
interest, for " whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth " 
(2 Cor. 47 : 14). When we are prepared for the work 
he wants us to do, he will allow us to do it. 

4. Then, too, we have been made to feel that the 
world is not as bad as we are sometimes inclined to 

(Continued on Page 10) 



To An Old Calendar 

Calendar, so worn and faithful, 

Hanging there upon the wall, 
You're an emblem of true service 

For you've given us your all. 
One short year ago we sought you 

With your months of bright, new days 
Full of promise for the future 

Ours to fill with blame or praise. 

Calendar, so worn and faded, 

Once your face was full of cheer, 
Ours the ruthless hands that scattered 

Your fair f i-ges far and near. 
Now your usefulness is ended. 

And we'll miss your friendly face, 
For the time has come for parting, 

And another takes your place. 

Now another year of plenty. 

On the threshold we have met. 
And the things we leave behind us, 

Wc perhaps should now forget. 
All our broken resolutions, 

All our doubts and all our fears, 
All our failures and our sorrows. 

All our heartaches and our tears. 

Then, with faces set and steadfast, 

Let us take a forward look, 
Gaining strength and faith and courage 

From the pages of God's Book. 
From the vast and unknown future 

Every sunrise brings a day, 
To the vast unknown at evening 

It will journey on its way. 

We may make them, we may mar them, 

We may waste them if we will, 
We may blot the fair, white pages, 

We may use them well or ill, 
But the record, as we write ^t, 

With our might or carelessly, 
Is the record that will meet us, 

When we reach eternity. 
La Verne, Calif. 

to follow his chosen vocation, prepared to do work 
in the Lord's vineyard. Many a self-sacrificing teacher 
in our schools could live more comfortably and could 
serve more efficiently. Churches would not be lan- 
guishing because of a lack of proper pastoral leader- 

Our Heavenly Father sees and knows. He knows 
what talent he has placed into our hand and he knows 
what use we are making of it. As stewards of his 
property, he trusts us. Are we worthy or not? We 
can not be truly happy unless we are doing our duty. 
Our life and our work are not truly successful unless 
we are doing our Lord's will, and walking in his paths. 
We can not know of the precious, intimate companion- 
ship of the Holy Spirit if we are disobedient. 

" Freely ye have received, freely give." 

" Give, give with a willing hand, 
Give, give wif!h a liberal hand, 
Give, give at his blest command! 
Then give, give, give." 

Again I hear the rebuke of our little friend : " Then, 
why don't you give?" 
Syracuse, hid. 

" Then, Why fWt You Give? " 


Some little shining balls from the bearing in an 
automobile wheel were the " gift " in question, in the 
possession of a wee miss of three summers. Her four- 
year-old friend had tried, in various ways, to get her 
to give them up, but failed. Then she skipped hurried- 
ly across the room, calling back haughtily over her 
shoulder: " 'Tis more blessed to give than to receive 
— then, why don't you give ? " 

She had just been attending Vacation Bible School 
in one of our cities, where she had learned that text, 
and the way she used it to prove her point was evi- 
dence that she knew the meaning of it, too. But even 
the quoted Bible text failed to produce the coveted 
steel balls from the grasp of her little friend. Had 
her baby mind been able to think it through and ex- 
plain her logic, she might have answered : " I would 
rather have the balls man the blessing." Finally, how- 
ever, they began playing marbles with them, and they 
were unknowingly given over. 

Do not grown-up children often manifest this same 
spirit? Many a time have they heard sermons or mis- 
sionary addresses, telling them to try God, that he 
might open the storehouses of heaven in showers of 
blessing upon them, but they will not hee'd. They 
have read: " It is more blessed to give than to re- 
ceive," but<hey will not give as the Lord has prospered 
them. Again: "Inasmuch as ye have done it unto 
one of the least of these my^brethren, ye have done it 
unto me," has sounded in their ears, yet there are all 
too few gifts to "these least." 

Are we afraid we can not endure the generous 
showers of God's blessings upon us, from the open 
windows of heaven? We can not know how much of 
the highest and best in life we are continually missing 
by not taking God at his Word. If those who have 
the wherewithal to give, could fully realize the blessed- 
ness of giving, many a poor child would be made 
supremely happy, many a soul would be saved for 
time and eternity, many a Christian college could rise 
above the burdens of meager financial resources, and 
many a poor, worthy student could rise, unhampered, 

New Year's Resolutions 


While New Year's is only an imaginary line, drawn 
through time to mark its divisions, it possesses a senti- 
ment nevertheless, which moves us all. It marks a 
definite starting-point in our lives every year, when 
we may take a fresh hold upon our prospects, renew ■ 
our faith in ourselves, and look out upon the coming 
year as upon a new, fair field, with a promise of better 

I do not have much faith in formal resolutions, pro- 
claimed loudly from the eminence of our vanity. The 
man who, on New Year's Day, swears off his bad 
habits for a definite period and notifies his friends and 
neighbors to that effect, is, from my observation, only 
hypnotizing himself. He may, of course, honestly in- 
tend to stick to his good resolutions, and he may make 
such an announcement, perhaps as a sort of mental 
and moral prop. 

But if he is in deadly earnest, he only needs to 
promise allegiance to God and himself. If he does 
the things he means to do, his friends and neighbors 
will give him credit, and if he fails, they will not know 
of his broken vows. Reforms come from within, and 
deeds — not words — prove a man's sincerity. 

The old year has been kind indeed to the farmers 
of America. They have prospered, and they have also 
made advancement in social and moral activities. 
Better methods of farming and a broader view of the 
field of endeavor for humanity in general, have been 
among the achievements of the old year. 

For the year to come we hope that every one of us 
may have greater prosperity, larger blessings and 
better lives. 

Froid, Mont. < _ # _ t 

Baptism. — A Sermon Outline 

I_Why Be Baptized? 

1. To follow Jesus. He who needed no baptism, 
submitted to it to fulfill all righteousness and to take 
away forever the excuses of the man who might say 
it is unnecessary. 

2. To be obedient. Jesus commanded it in the 
Great Commission. 

3. The Apostles practiced it: (1) Peter, who had 
the keys of the Kingdom, opened that Kingdom to the 
Jews at Pentecost through baptism. He required it 
also of the Gentiles when he opened the door to them, 
although they had already received the Holy Ghost 
and he might have found in this an excuse had he 
looked for one. (2) The first convert in Europe was 
baptized and the Philippian jailer " immediately," al- 
though it was night. (3) Paul had to submit to bap- 
tism. (4) When Philip had preached to the eunuch, 
beginning in Isaiah,. it led him to ask for baptism. 

4. It is the Bible way to confess Christ. Standing 

in a meeting, holding up the hand, etc., are all pre- 
liminary to this and none are a substitute for it. It 
is a public confession- that we are sinners, that we 
need Christ and that we accept his substitutionary 
death for our sins. 

5. It is the outer symbol of the inner baptism of 
the Spirit. 

II— How Be Baptized? 

1. Not by sprinkling: (1) If we had no thought 
of the mode of baptism we would not think of sprin- 
kling in reading the incidental references, such as that 
John was baptizing at Enon because there was much 
water there, and Jesus coming out of the water and 
Philip and the eunuch going down into the water. (2) 
Bapto means to dip or immerse. (3) Sprinkling is 
admittedly not the primitive mode of baptism. It is a 
substitute which some feel will do as well. We must 
decide whether or not we are willing to risk the sub- 

2. Not by single immersion: (1) Baptidzo means 
to dip repeatedly. (2) The Great Commission re- 
quires baptism into each name of the Trinity. (3) 
History tells us when single immersion came into use 
— several centuries after Christ. 

3. By trine immersion: (1) Baptidzo calls for the 
repeated action of trine immersion. (2) The Greek 
Church still baptizes by trine immersion. (3) History 
claims an almost universal practice of trine or triune 
immersion foq 1,200 years after the apostles. (4) 
Great church leaders, like Luther, Calvin and Schaff 
admit that it has the support of the early fathers of 
the church. (5) The forward actiomis an act of wor- 
ship in the likeness of his death. Backward action 
introduced in England about 400 years ago. (6) It is 
typical of death to sin, rising to newness of life, cleans- 
ing from sin. It is a divine symbolism of the three in 
one of the Trinity, the death and resurrection of the 
Savior, which are the heart of the Gospel message. 

Ill— Who Should Be Baptized? 

1. Not little children too young to believe. They 
are safe under the blood of the Savior who loved them 
so tenderly, until they are old enough to be conscious 
of the need of a Savior from sin. Did he not say : 
"Of such is the kingdom of heaven"? Was he not. 
speaking of unbaptized children? He blessed little 
children. Fie did not baptize them. It is wrong to 
make sprinkling a substitute for circumcision because 
only the male children were circumcised and Jesus 
was both circumcised and baptized. 

2. Only those should be baptized who believe 
(Philip) and repent (Peter). 

Huntingdon, Pa. 

The Bible a Practical Book 


To many persons the Bible is a Book of mysteries 
and knotty problems — very good for theological stu- 
dents, ministers and some Sunday-school teachers to 
grapple with. They also believe, with good reason, 
that it contains the essential doctrines of worship and 
religious experience, as well as the revelation of the 
final reward of the righteous and the doom of the 
wicked. But many of them regard it as entirely too 
idealistic for the common problems of life. They fail 
to notice that it contains a practical message for the 
everyday needs of everyday people. And with such a 
conception of God's Book, it is comparatively easy to 
push it into the background — leaving it out of both 
private and public life, as is now so commonly done. 

Cures are being sought for many human ills, ar\d no 
time, effort, or means, are spared to go to the ends of 
the earth in the quest. Yet very often the remedy 
might be found in the old family Bible which, too 
often, lies beneath a stack of magazines or a confu- 
sion of newspapers. A great deal of bitter complain- 
ing has been heard, for many months, about high 
costs, unfair profits, unequal wage scales, and eco- 
nomic distress in general. Many brilliant attempts 
have been made to set forth a policy by which this 
post-war problem or condition might be relieved. But 
too often the Bible— the unfailing guide for humanity 
— has been overlooked. 


Industry, economy and frugality, or conservation, 
are needed— perhaps as much in the present recon- 
struction period as ever before. And the Gospel 
teaches these principles quite practically. 

Notice the Bible doctrine of industry. Man was 
placed in the garden " to dress it and to keep it." 
Later, when he had forfeited his right to remain in 
Eden, the decree was: "In the sweat of thy face 
shalt thou eat bread till thou return unto the ground." 
Again; when God gave the law of the Sabbath, which 
is so lamentably disregarded, he also said: " Six days 
shalt thou labor," making industry as much a com- 
mand as Sabbath keeping. And when the great apos- 
tle would lay down the crystallized teaching of God's 
Word upon the matter of man's obligation to society, 
he said: " If any will not work, neither let him eat." 
This idea is one which is sadly needed and which will 
go far toward healing the world's industrial ills. 

Economy is also needed to bring back a safe and 
sane basis ; and the Old Book does not fail to empha- 
size that principle. The advice to certain dissatisfied 
ones, who came to the great Messianic forerunner, to 
inquire about their duties, was : " Be content with 
your wages." They were not to take more compensa- 
tion than their labor rendered would justify. In 
matters of economy, Jesus' teaching in the Sermon on 
the Mount is most comprehensive. He warns against 
needless anxiety for the satisfying of mere carnal 
desires, referring to the way in which birds have their 
simple wants supplied, and how lilies are clothed in 
kingly splendor. In another place the sacred writer 
advises simplicity of life, saying: "Having food and 
raiment, 'let us therewith be content." These teach- 
ings are most practical in a time when great masses 

are in distress — not so much because of necessities as 
because of the self-imposed burden of luxurious living. 

Frugality, or conservation, is most vividly and beau- 
tifully taught by the command of Jesus when five 
thousand had been miraculously fed and satisfied, and 
he told the disciples to " gather up the fragments that 
remain that nothing be lost." Although he had power 
to feed thousands from an inexhaustible supply of five 
loaves and two fishes, yet the very Son of God would 
not permit the wanton waste of the broken pieces of 
food. This is quite in contrast with the heedless waste 
in thousands of American homes, where, valuable por- 
tions of food are thrown heedlessly into the garbage 
cans, and in which whole wardrobes, full of but 
slightly-used clothing, serve no useful purpose. 

Honest, productive toil, economical living standards, 
and frugal conservation — these three principles ob- 
served by all, would largely solve the problem of our 
disturbed economic life. And these three practical 
principles are Bible doctrines. They illustrate the fact 
that eveiy perplexing problem will yield to a proper 
application of the practical teachings of the Sacred 

Therefore, in the quest for a solution of the baffling 
questions of life, let men go to the " Old. Book," given 
by man's Creator, as man's infallible Guide down the 
pathway of life. Let the Bible be restored to its right- 
ful place in private and public! Let it be read in pri- 
vate devotion, at the family altar, in the public schools, 
and in legislative halls! Let it be studied to learn its 
truths, and let these truths be heeded in the daily 
affairs of life, and a practical cure shall be found for 
every human ill ! 

Bhom, Kans. 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

Between the Years! 

It is a wonderful thing to stand in the very narrow 
space of the present ! The past and future are so 
close, and yet beyond our reach ! But in this very 
limited present we must do our life's work. No won- 
der business says : " Do it now," and the Bible says : 
" Now is the accepted time," " Now is the day of 
salvation." This experience one feels as he stands 
between the years. The one is gone, with its record 
made, and the other is ahead, with its secrets sealed 
and hidden. How one is constrained to utter the 
prayer : " So teach us to number our days, that we 
may apply our hearts unto wisdom*" (Psa. 90: 12). 

The Forward Movement, in its very name and na- 
ture, bears a tremendous responsibility in these fleet- 
ing years. There is so much to be done and the need 
is seen on every hand. Our task is to point the way 
forward, to stimulate life and service toward the end 
for which Christ lived and died. One stands appalled 
in the face of the task! Were it not for the patience 
of Jehovah and the faith that right must ultimately 
triumph, we would retire from further effort. But 
the work is the Lord's. It is our business to discover 
his will in the matter, to fit ourselves into his plans and 
to go forward. We are scarcely responsible for the 
progress we make, but we certainly are for the direc- 
tion we take, and for keeping faithfully at it. 

Our Forward Movement, for a year or two, was an 
ideal. In the past year it assumed an organized form. 
We have been attempting to find ourselves. We have 
been studying our work and progress. We have made 
s^ome mistakes, some discoveries and, let us hope, some 
progress during the year. We are sure of the mis- 
takes, but these can be of greatest profit, if we are 
wise enough to learn. 

Some years ago, while visiting the National Cash 
Register Plant, they told us that the beginning of their 
success was largely due to experience gained when a 
shipload of their output was returned on account of 
defective workmanship. It is difficult, sometimes, for 
folks to agree as to what a mistake really is, anyhow — 
one says that it was a loss, and the other proves it to 
be a profit ! But will we not all pray as we proceed, 
that, whether we stand or stumble, we profit thereby? 

Among the discoveries that have impressed the 
writer, none has been studied with more interest than 
that of sectionalism among us. It is interesting to see 
how each section of the church has its own charac- 
teristics, traditions and policies. We have but little 
vital interest in another section of the church until, in 
some way, it begins to affect us— and right here arise 
most of our difficulties. Sectionalism is rather normal 
until it begins to discredit the other section that thinks 
and acts differently, or attempts to rule the whole 
church in the light of its own policies. It is the same 
old problem that Paul met in the Corinthian church. 
The eye, the foot and the other members of the body 
were made to function- differently, though of equal 
importance to the whole body, but when they dis- 
credited the work of each other, trouble came. The 
remedy for this tendency would seem to be some sys- 
tem of better teaching, acquaintance and relationship. 
We naturally oppose what we do not understand, or 
as another has put it, " What we are not up on, we are 
usually dozvn on." 

Another discovery that, we think, is a fact, is our 
failure to keep pace with our fathers in the adaptability 
of our methods of work. Fifty years ago and more, 
the church had a staunch leadership. The aim of 
those defenders of the faith was evangelism and the 
propagation of the truth as they believed it. They 
crossed mountain and dale, through forest and wilder- 
ness, with their message and its promulgation, Later 
on the days of the unfortunate division came. This 
bred suspicion and strong prejudices. A destructive 
propaganda was substituted for the more constructive 
program of courageous devotion to the truth. As the 
older leaders began to drop out, those taking their 
places were denied the constructive viewpoint of 
Christian work. We attempted to correct all errors 
by decisions and legal enactment. The splendid teach- 
ing and Christian fellowship of former days were be- 
ing reduced by changing social conditions. The ground 
work of our faith has grown uncertain. The remedy 
here rests in better teaching and in the shepherding 
of those to whom we should minister. Our ministers. 
homes, colleges and Sunday-schools will all be needed 
to give their contribution to this work. The condi- 

tions did not come in a day, neither can we hope for 
an immediate cure-all. 

Still another problem, by which we are confronted. 
is that of incoordinate organization. We have ma- 
chinery enough — too much, likely — but it does not 
function efficiently, Our Boards and Committees have 
not fully been brought into vital relation to each other, 
neither are they related to the local churches in the 
most helpful way. Two engines to a railroad train 
would be useless unless they were both pulling in 
unison and in the same direction, and properly con- 
nectedi with the train. Boards and committees — how- 
ever efficient in themselves — must be efficiently related 
to each other — all pulling together for the whole 
church— before their power is effective. 

Then the relation between the local churches and 
the General Boards is not well defined or connected. 
All power is in the local church. There must be some 
one vitally interested in its welfare, through whom it 
can properly function for the good of all. Its needs 
must be provided for through pastors, elders or some 
other responsible party. Its resources must be dis- 
tributed and multiplied for service. Its interests must 
be protected and not exploited. Its rights must be con- 
sidered before its power can be distributed. 

Space forbids other considerations of this year's 
experience. These are enough to keep us busy for 
awhile. They will be best solved in loyalty to Christ 
and the church — unselfish devotion to give to the 
church our very best, rather than to get from it. Shall 
we not all pray for that intelligent cooperation that 
will enable us to profit by mistakes and make the 
Church of the Brethren a real blessing in the future, 
as it has been in the past — a light that dissipates dark- 
ness, and salt that preserves those who seek her fellow- 
ship in Christ! 

The Many Calls for Money 

The famine in China, the suffering of children in 
Europe, the persecutions and hardship in 1 the Near 
East, those thrown out of employment at home, and 
the ever-increasing need of the Gospel everywhere, 
presents, to the Christian people of America, a chal- 
lenge for giving, such as many may feel they can not 
meet. That it will require faith in the Lord's power 
and presence among men, to do it, goes without say- 
ing, for we can not do it with our left-over clothing, 
or the little 'money that we feel we can conveniently 
spare. It will require sharing the blessings of life in 
the curtailment of comforts, perhaps, if we would 
do our full share. 

Should we not rejoice that God has permitted us, 
both to help and to have something to help with? Is 
it not a great compliment to us and our religion, to be 
asked to help, in these days of need? Is there not a 
great spiritual recompense to us. in sharing with others 
their suffering for a season? May it not be the Lord's 
testing of our faith in his sufficiency, to supply all our 
need, in these days, when faith is so much needed to 
be proved by our works? 

It is so easy to say: " I can not do it," but have 
we ever been in real want? Have we ever known the 
joy of friendship and help, in the hour of dire need? 
We can not have friends unless we are friends. More- 
over, " it is more blessed to give than to receive " even 
in friendship. Great blessings and plenty— like those 
showered upon our nation during the last few years — 
tend to make us selfish. Perhaps these needs are 
God's call for our own spiritual advantage! There 
seems but one thing to do — that is to do our best to 
supply these needs, because we can not increase God's 
manna by disobedient and selfish saving, neither can 
we diminish his provision of meal by sharing it with 
others ! That has been proved to all who believe ! 

We rejoice in the splendid spirit of giving that is 
growing so rapidly among our people. It is a sure 
sign of stewardship acknowledged and of spiritual 
progress. This is the opportunity of the Christian 
church. This is the time when we can glorify our 
Lord, who said: "They need not depart; give ye 
them to eat." He will multiply the few fishes and 
loaves we have, if we but give them to him! This is 
God's hour and our chance to witness our faith in 
him! Let us not fail him! 



Keep Yourself Out of Sight 


Mark Guy Pearse, that well-known and much- 
loved English Wesleyan preacher, is very fond of fish- 
ing, and lays down three rules which he considers 
essential for successful fishing: "The first rule is 
this: Keep yourself out of sight. And, secondly, 
Keep yourself further out of sight. Thirdly, Keep 
yourself still further out of sight." 

From this homely illustration Mr. Pearse drives 
home the truth that, in any work wc undertake to do 
for God, it is a first essential to keep ourselves out of 
sight. There must not he any obtrusion of the teacher 
or preacher as the case may be. The temptation to 
push ourselves to the front comes in a hundred ways, 
but it destroys the efficacy of our best efforts, if yield- 
ed to. When we ourselves are too prominent, our 
Lord is never seen. 

Sometimes wc have heard people, in a petulant, 
childish way complain that they have never been fully 
appreciated — that their work has always been under- 
estimated. What matters it, so long as Christ is hon- 
ored and his Kingdom extended? What a splendid 
sentiment these simple lines of Whittier express: 

" Others shall sing the song 
Others shall right the wrong, 
Finish what I begin 
And all I fail of win. 

" What matters I or they 
Mine or another's day, 
So the right word be said 
And life be sweeter made?" 
Toronto, Canada. 

But why despair when the cable of God's love and 
blessed promises is extended? What we need is to 
have the " listening device " put in order. Then, like 
the ship in tune with the cable, we may sail bravely 
onward, having the peace that passeth understanding. 

So often we, as Christians, use the fog-horn un- 
necessarily. We murmur and complain and get no- 
where. We certainly keep many from coming near us. 
We talk too much, perhaps, and do not listen to the 

The Listening Device 


In September a thick fog settled over New York 
Harbor, lasting several days, whereby the shipping of 
the port was paralyzed for the time being. This proved 
an excellent opportunity to test out the efficacy of the 
new electric pilot cable, that extends from Ambrose 
Channel Light-ship to the Narrows — a distance of 
fourteen miles. One steamship was equipped with 
the " listening device " that works in conjunction with 
the cable. It proceeded confidently up the harbor, and 
was soon safe in port. 

The " sound guide " — it is expected — will enable 
ships toehold their course in the most foggy or stormy 

The underwater cable is electrically charged. 
Special receivers, attached to each side of the ship, 
transmit the hum of the cable by receivers to the ears 
of the navigator. The sound from the right-hand re- 
ceiver reaches his right ear, and that from the left- 
hand receiver, his left ear. 

When the tones in one ear are as loud as those in 
the other ear, the navigator knows that his ship is 
directly over the cable. If the sound from one side 
becomes weaker, it shows that the ship is getting away 
from the cable. Then the ship's course is changed 
over to the other side, 'until the -sounds are equally 

It is claimed that any ship, equipped with the " lis- 
tening " device can locate the cable far from shore 
and follow it straight into port without any other 

When the writer was. on the North Sea, a dense fog 
came down over the sea, and the ship scarcely moved. 
All the time the fog-horn or whistle was kept blowing 
shrilly, to warn other ships of 1 our approach. Other 
ships blew their fog-horns to keep us away from them. 
Sailors dread a fog really more than a storm, and very 
often collisions and shipwrecks are the result of a 
dense fog at sea. 

Very often, in our lives, fogs of sorrow and trouble 
come upon us. As we are surrounded by them, we 
almost stop in despair. We can not see our way. We 
fear collision and shipwreck, and all sorts of calamities 
seem to threaten us. 

A New Year's Prayer 


Our Father, we greet this glorious morning 
with a " Happy New Year." Beautiful as a bride 
adorned, the day comes chaste and unsullied from 
thy hand. To every one the glad new year is 
bringing this message: "A new beginning, child." 
Grant that no soul shall carry the old year's bur- 
den of sin into the newl May each one start 
clean and forgiven, with the largest possibilities 
of service, fully consecrated to thee! Make us 
worthy to fit into the niche cut out for usl 

Send us forth into this new year "to laugh and 
to love and to labor in the strength of him who 
said: 'Inasmuch as ye did it unto the least of 
these ye did it unto me'" — thus cheering, loving, 
serving others as unto thee. Thou wilt give 
strength for the task assigned. Where thou lead- 
est, thou wilt show the way. The mystery of 
pain and suffering is solved in thy boundless love. 
We go forward, trusting that love and its wisdom 
which passeth understanding. 

In the light of this new year, with its gracious 
opportunities of advancement in spiritual things, 
all the work of past years is as a child's gift of a 
broken toy to its father. Help us to do better, 
Father, in home, in church, in school, in business, 
in each individual life, until we have attained the 
high standard of the full stature of Christ. Let 
us not be satisfied with better living, better serv- 
ice, but only satisfied when we have lived and 
served our best; for thou hast given the best of 
heaven to us and for as! 

Thy infinite goodness compels our unstinted 
praise. Thou changest not. Thy measureless 
love is the same yesterday, today and forever. 
The tide of years brings changes of seasons and 
place, and home and friends, but thou art the 
same tender, watchful Father. And oh, thy Sov- 
ereign Hand which bears this mighty universe 
from age to age can hold in its strong palm an 
atom like myself. Glory to thee and adoration! 

The earth is agleam in the brightness of the 
heavens. Our souls are exulting in the shining 
of thy countenance. Mystery veils from our 
eager minds the New Year's gifts of love or be- 
reavement, of sorrow or joy, of gain or loss, of 
success or failure; yet, thy grace has drawn aside 
the curtain and shown us a beautiful glimpse of 
the future through the open windows of thy 
precious promises. Faith, looking down the 
year's long, dim vista, sees the glimmer of thy 
love all along the way — large opportunities of 
good and grace for everything the mystery hides. 
In the secret of thy presence we shall abide under 
the shadow of the Almighty. 

Father, may we carry a morning face through- 
out the year to gladden each life we touch in 
daily toil! Give us courage to stand for the right 
against all odds! When the tempter would lure 
us away, take our hands in thine and hold us 
tight. Let us see Jesus as he was among men 
and as he is, glorified with thee, that we may be 
like him and kept from every appearance of evil 
by that lovely vision! Out of the hosts of lost 
and sinning, lot ■• win some for Jesus who gave 
his life for their salvation! This year we would 
climb higher lata tha kaights of holiness and help 
others up along the way. O, may we live in the 
highlands of faith above the mists of doubt and 
discouragement! In the lowly walks of earth 
may the Golden Rule square our dealings with 
our comrades! 

Somewhere — it may be today or tomorrow — the 
home call will come. May we be ready to answer 
it as a faithful workman who knows that his 
work is finished and fit for thy Holy Eye! Grant 
the blessedness of leaving behind us an influence 
whose fruitage shall be life everlasting for 
others! Amen! 

Hammond, III. 

Lord, when he is trying to help us. All the time the 
Divine Cable is near, if we will just listen for it. 
When we get away from God's Word, the sound grows 
faint. We need to get back to obedience and faith. 
Then we will note that his promises are sure and stead- 
fast, and are certain to lead us on to safety. " Be still 
and know that I am God." Let us listen closely and 
follow the Great Cable! Then no harm can befall us. 
Jewell, Ohio. m ^ m 

How the Workmen Propose to Kill Militarism 


The press dispatches of Sept. 3 declared that the 
workmen of Belgium, Italy, France and Great Britain 
have decided not to help in the manufacture or trans- 
portation of war munitions to Poland, to continue the 

war against Russia. This decision would be better 
still if all the workingmen everywhere would take the 
same stand. Still more far-reaching would it be if 
all mankind would resolve to cease the cherishing of 
hatred toward each other, and if they would study to 
help one another. Unfortunately, however, not all will 
do this. As Christ says, wars will continue until he 
returns to earth from heaven. 

Laziness and hatred are the two chief causes of 
present disturbances — acting very much like two mill- 
stones running without grain. They rub and grind 
each other to no purpose. Laziness is without excuse. 
It travels so slowly that poverty soon overtakes it. 
Hatred is a mental, pestilential plague — so filthy, so 
putrid and so destructive that no eruptive volcano can 
excel it. Almost everywhere one may hear : " Oh, I 
hate her." " I just hate that preacher." 

Thus hatred is seen in every channel of life. It is 
cultivated by governments, by politicians, by males 
and by females, by lawyers, preachers, doctors, nurses, 
parents, workmen, profiteers and thieves, until the 
blood of humanity is at fever heat. Need we wonder 
at war, misery and destruction? All differences are 
magnified, until the whole earth and skies are reddened 
by the lurid glare of demoniacal destruction. Parents, 
teachers, and others, teach hatred, talk hatred and act 
hatred. Because there is dislike without a cause, chil- 
dren by the millions will also hate and will want to 
kill. If we would stop war, we must first stop sowing 
hatred toward each other. Then all war will soon 

Another deplorable tendency, nowadays, is the 
glorification of army and navy activities. Men who 
can so direct that the greatest number of people are 
killed, those who can sink the largest number of battle- 
ships, or those who can destroy the most towns and 
cities, are lauded as heroes. Sermons, speeches, books, 
magazines and newspapers glorify destructive deeds 
of bloodshed. Why not lay greater stress on the use- 
ful inventions, conducive to the saving of life and the 
mitigation of pain ? Why not bring happiness, rather 
than pain, destruction and death? Under the bless- 
ings of peace activities, our country will prosper, and 
happiness will fill every heart. 

Glendale, Calif. 

■ ♦ . 

Thy First Love 


It is good for us often to read and reread the letters 
to the Seven Churches of Asia. They are meant for 
us, as well as for the people to whom the letters were 
originally directed, for each message ends with the 
same warning : " He that hath an ear let him hear 
what the Spirit saith to the churches." We have ears 
to hear, so let us open them and listen to what the 
Spirit has to say to us. 

The One who gives the message says he knows all 
their good qualities and he commends them for the 
same. Neither does he neglect, or fear, to point out 
to these churches their failures. He draws their at- 
tention to the good done first, so that he can the more 
effectively tell them their failures. 

Ephesus was commended for her works, toil, pa- 
tience, for not bearing evil men, and for not growing 
weary. To many of us, a church in such a condition 
looks to be prosperous and healthy. But sad was her 
condition, in that she had lost her first love. We won- 
der what that may have been. As we revert to the 
beginning of our Christ-life, we remember how we 
loved the brethren and sisters and how we held in 
respect and esteem her doctrine and teaching! How 
earnest and sincere we were in all we did and prom- 
ised ! How happy and free we were in the thought of 
being pardoned and cleansed! And how our souls 
reached up to God and out in behalf of others who 
needed salvation! How we feared to do wrong, and 
how we wanted to please our Heavenly Father more 
than anything else ! Now, after the space of so many 
years in our lives, if we look carefully we may find 
this blessed attitude of heart and soul displaced by 
toil and patience and works and much feeling against 
evil and insincere men. It is the inner attitude of 
heart and soul toward God and man that God prizes 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1921 

more highly than all our toil and works and patience. 
Do we have the same warm love for our Master, for 
his cause, and for souls, we once had? Will we not 
look into our lives and see? Here is a call to re- 
pentance and to do the first works. We ought to be 
so full'of love for God, for his cause, and for peo- 
ple, that this shall be uppermost and foremost. Then, 
rightfully and naturally, will all the other good graces 
and works follow. 
Union, Ohio. 


At the Option of Desire 

Friends, the things I would have this New Year to record, 

May all seem very simple to you: 
They are only that I, in this year of our Lord, i 

To the right, in all things, may prove true; 
That my heart and my hand may both reach out world- 

Kind, to succor all need that I can; 
That I leave with my follies, the last of my pride, 

And be — after God's own heart — a man. 
Yes, in others' behalf, would I add unto this, 

That I wish the same record for them, 
That these blessings (too seldom sought) no one may 

. miss, 

Nor his record, one being condemn. 
And 'tis God's will, if ours, that the wish should conic 

Should his will not be done in this thing? 
Shall it not? Friends, our strength we, this day, should 

Speed the wish, toward fulfillment, on wing. 

Logansport, Ind. 

The Service to Which Woman's Nature Is Best 


It has been said, " If a woman wants any one to 
know what she can do, she has to tell it herself." I 
suppose that is the reason why our sisters have been 
given the opportunity to speak this afternoon. But, 
really, it isn't any wonder that men do not appreciate 
the activities of women, when some of them step so 
far out of their proper sphere, trying to act and dress 
like men, and then wanting to occupy a man's place in 
the world. A woman is far more in her proper ele- 
ment in the home than out in the political circle. 

A woman not in her place, half dressed, stepping 
beyond her realm, will lower the standard of woman- 
hood. I often wonder wriy a woman should try to 
expose her person when it is such a contrast to what 
God intended woman to be. 

Man is bold and woman timid. Man has a daring 
heart, while woman has a tender, loving one. Man is 
for justice, woman for mercy. Without woman, man 
would be rude, gross and solitary. Woman is waiting 
to prepare his repast and sweeten his existence. She 
will sacrifice every comfort for his convenience. 

Woman's first place is to care for her home and 
family. Then, if she has time to help along in other 
work, why should it not be her privilege to do so? 

Look at the life of Mrs. Mary Watts, Mrs. John 
Frank, Miss Mary Jeane. We could name many 
more. Mrs. Mary Watts, realising that children were 
of far more value to the State than hogs and corn, 
determined to see what she could do for childhood. 
Her only profession was homemaking. Not neglect- 
ing her own home and family, and not having any 
help in the home, in order better to finance the move- 
ment, it meant work, but she was willing to do it. 

Miss Grace Dodge was a very homely girl, but look 
at the thousands of working girls she has saved. 

Mrs. John Frank, although left blind after the birth 
of her third child, went to work in the State of Ten- 
nessee. Her work will live on years after her death. 

Spurgeon said: " My wife worked with me, prayed 
with me, believed in me, and most affectionately loved 
me. The thought of her, when I was absent from 
home, was to me a subtle rest of spirit. I could travel 
many days, preaching several times a day. I found 
rest in the thought that at home my wife was hourly 
praying for me." 

Dr. Livingstone was asked how he could accom- 
plish so much work. He said: " You have forgotten 
there are two of us, the one you see the least of, often 
does the most work." A wholesome, happy wife and 
mother is the crowning glory in a man's life, 

Did you ever stop to think where you might be if 
it wasn't for your mother? A mother is wonderful. 
Other folks may love you, but it is your mother who 
understands. She works for you, loves you, forgives 
you — anything you may do she always understands. 
The only thing bad she can do is to die and leave you 

Look at the countries where women are not edu- 
cated. Then look "where they are being educated, and 
note the change that is made. Sherwood Eddy tells 
of the vast difference in countries where women are 
educated and can help with the many little things that 
man overlooks. It is the women who do the things 
that men say are not worth while. Yet what a world 
this would be if the things that are not worth while, 
were never done ! 

Ask our missionaries how much more quickly ad- 
vancements are made where the women are given a 

Women professing godliness hesitate to say and do 
things in public, because for years and years it has 
been instilled into their minds that men should do all 
the public work. We all admire that characteristic, 
but let us stop to think. Why can't woman be a real 
helpmate in public work, as in the home, if she does 
not neglect her own family? If the cigarette question 
were put in the hands of some of our best-thinking 
women, it would soon be in the past. Perhaps some 
of our women gave cigarettes to the boys for the first 
time during the war. But remember that they had 
been led to think that in this they would be patriotic. 
It was not the best mothers who did those things. 

The purity question is appealing to mothers of our 
land and I am glad they realize that the best time to 
begin teaching purity, high ideals and temperance is 
in childhood. 

The dress question is a problem now — not just in 
the church, but the world is groaning under this bur- 
den. Satan has a mortgage on our clothes, which we 
are paying off at an appalling rate of interest. Show 
me just one instance, however, in the early church, 
where principle was sacrificed in order to make the 
teaching more popular to the world. 

Look at the life of Moses. Would God have direct- 
ed little Miriam to go and bring her mother, if he had 
not realized the greatness of a Christian mother? 

We plead for more women to be like Mary and 
Hannah of old, willingTo be directed by God through 
the Holy Spirit in all they do. 

Adrian, Mo. . «. . . 

Our Standard of Morab 


This is a discussion of that branch of ethics that 
pertains to the relation of man and woman, and to 
those relations, as understood by the Church of the 
Brethren, as they have been in the past, as they are at 
the present, and as they should be in the future. 

In the beginning, God made one law for both : " For 
this cause shall a man leave his father and mother and 
cleave to his wife and they twain shall be one flesh." 

There was no -immorality until sin came into the 
world. Adam and Eve were without the taint of sin 
before the fall. Sin rested more heavily on woman 
than on man, because she was first in the transgres- 
sion. " In sorrow shalt thou bring forth children and 
thy desire shall be to thy husband and he shall rule 
over thee." From the time they were driven from the 
garden, till Christ came into the world, .woman was 
under this curse and had no rights of her own except 
as they were given through the man. The law allowed 
more license to the man than to the woman. A man 
could divorce his wife for almost any cause, while a 
woman could hardly divorce her husband for any 
cause. Immorality was easily atoned for when a man 
was the cause, but was more difficult when the woman 
was the cause. While unchastity was severely con 
demned by law, its enforcement was always very lax. 

The law was given for the uplifting of the ideals 
of the race. It depended on the moral understanding 

of the people for its enforcement. The sins of un- 
chastity, recorded in the Old Testament, were not re- 
garded by the people of those times as nearly so seri- 
ous as they are today, by the Christian peoples. 

Jesus sought to reinstate the original law of chastity, 
lie taught the cleansing of the heart. He said: "Ye 
have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou 
shalt not commit adultery. But I say unto you, That 
whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath 
committed adultery with her already in his heart." His 
ethics are the ethics of creation. Actions and habits 
are the results of heart conditions. He fulfilled the 
ethics of the Law. 

Paul says that in Christ Jesus there is neither male 
nor female, but all are one — that is, there is equality. 
But because of the prevalent conditions. Paul seemed 
to place more restraint nn the woman than on the man. 
Because of the immorality of the Corinthian code of 
ethics, Paul even taught that it would be good for 
Christians tn remain unmarried. Marriage was almost 
a mockery among the Grecian people. Unfaithfulness 
as between husband and wife was not considered very 
serious. For the married, he teaches absolute faith- 
fulness between husband and wife. For the un- 
married, he teaches absolute chastity. The whole 
New Testament condemns unchastity of every form, 
and teaches that those who are guilty are not fit for 
the Kingdom of Heaven unless they repent and secure 
forgiveness. ~ 1** 

When the Church of the Brethren was organized, it 
was sought to reestablish the teaching of the Gospel, 
literally. They construed 1 Cor. 5: 11 literally, and 
the doctrine of "avoidance" was the result. If one 
was proved guilty of immorality, no member of the 
church was permitted to eat at the same table with 
him, or to speak to him, or to have any social inter- 
course with him whatever. Exceptions were made for 
the immediate family of. the guilty person. First Cor. 
5 : 5 was also construed literally. This continued until 
within the experience of the generation just passing. 
It may still be in practice in some congregations. 

Tt has always been the theory of the church that 
the sexes should be equally pure, and absolute chastity 
has hern the ideal taught. However, the underlying 
principles of the relations of the sexes have not been 
taught as carefully and as extensively as should have 
been done. The association of young people has not 
always been ns carefully guarded as it should have 
hem. Places for proper association have not been 
provided sufficiently, and, as a consequence, improper 
associations have often resulted. 

At present there is an effort to readjust social con- 
ditions. Some of the changes sought are good, and 
some are questionable. The same ideal of social 
equality prevails. There is more safeguarding against 
social diseases than formerly. There is more im- 
modesty in dress than formerly. There is more in- 
telligent choosing of companionship, due to advanced 
education. There is more provision for legitimate 
entertainment than formerly. Youth is the natural 
time for the selection of the future companion. The 
passions are all active, but their control is little under- 
stood by the young people themselves. Older people 
must set the example and also associate with the 
young. They belong together. If older people depart 
from the path of virtue, their failure should be a 
warning to the younger ones. 

The prospects are good for a more intelligent body 
of young people than we have ever had. The stress of 
the teaching should be on self-government. Church 
discipline should be reserved as a last resort. Stern 
disapproval of unchastity must still be continued, and 
expulsion from the church should follow insufficient 
penitence. Children in the Sunday-school should have 
the fundamental laws of association explained accord- 
ing to the teaching of the Gospel. Parents should be 
helped to teach the children, where they are incapable 
of doing so themselves. 

We should strive for a more and more pure stand- 
ard of family life. We must still set a stern disap- 
proval on divorce and remarriage. There should be 
more preaching on the sanctity of the home. 
. Lceton, Mo, j, - | -| f 1 ^H 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1. 1921 



Calendar for Sunday, January 2 

Sunday-school Lesson, The Child and the Kingdom.— 
Matt. 18: 1-14. 

Christian Workers* Meeting, Christian Service— Mark 
13:34. .;•-:-■>-:• 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Claar church, Pa. 

Two baptisms in the Pine Creek church. III. 

One baptism in the Myrtle Point church, Oregon. 

Two applicants for baptism and two confessions in the 
Grenola church, Kans. 

One was restored in the Rccdley church, Calif.,— Bro. 
Geo. Mishler, evangelist. 

Six confessions in the Palmyra church, Pa.,— Bro. B. F. 
Petry, of Eaton, Ohio, evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the Mt. Carroll church, 111.,— Bro. Chas. 
Delp, of Shannon, III., evangelist. 

Four confessions in the Pipe Creek church, Md., — Bro. 
Levi Garst, of Salem, Va„ evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Falling Spring church, Pa.,— Bro. 
Adam Hollinger, of Reading, Pa., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Second South Bend church, Ind., 
—Bro. J. W. Grater, of Decatur, III., evangelist. 

Thirty-seven conversions in the Circlevillc church, Ohio, 
—Bro. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, evangelist. 

One applicant for baptism in the Walton Mission, Ind., 
— Bro. Ira Kreider, of Bringhurst, Ind., evangelist. 

Five were added to the Bellcfontaine church, Ohio, — 
Bro. J. L. Mahon, of Van Buren, Ind., evangelist. 

Twelve additions to the New Rockford church, N. Dak., 
— Bro. J. R. Smith, of Lincoln, Nebr., evangelist. 

Seven baptisms in the Heidelberg house, same congre- 
gation, Pa.,— Bro. Hiram Eshelman, of Rheems, Pa., evan- 

Nine were baptized and one awaits the rite in the Wil- 
liamsburg church, Pa., — Bro. C. F. McKce, of Oaks, Pa., 

Seven additions to the Goshen City church, Ind., — Bro. 
David Metz'.er, of Nappanee, Ind., evangelist; two bap- 
tisms since that time. 

One confession in the Myerstown church, Pa., — Bro. 
Frank Carper, of Palmyra, Pa., evangelist; two baptisms 
following the meetings. 

Nine confessions, five of whom have been baptized, in 
the Bethany church, Philadelphia, Pa.,— Bro. J. W. Bar- 
wick, pastor, in charge. 

Forty accessions by baptism and reinstatement in the 
First Church, York, Pa., — Bro. John E. Rowland, of Bun- 
kertown, Pa., evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Annville church. Pa.; two accepted 
Christ during a series of meetings. — Bro. Nathan Martin, 
of Lebanon, Pa., evangelist. 

Sixty-three were received into the church and four await 
baptism in the South Beatrice church, Nebr., — Bro. Geo. 
W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, evangelist. 

Twenty-two converts at Wakarusa, Ind., nineteen of 
whom have been baptized, and three are to be received 
later on, — Bro. J. Edwin Jarboe and wife, of Chicago, III, 

Five additions to the New Enterprise church, Pa., — 
Bro. H. S. Replogle, of Windber, Pa., evangelist; three 
accepted Christ at the Waterside house, same congrega- 
tion, — Bro. Yoder, of New Enterprise, Pa., in charge. 

♦ * * + , 
Our Evangelists 

Bro. J. H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., to begin Jan. 
2 in the West Johnstown church. Pa. 

Bro. E. F. Caslow, of Grand Rapids, Mich., to begin 
Jan. 9 in the Nappanee church, Ind. 

Bro. Van B. Wright, of Peebles, Ohio, to begin about 
Jan. 31 in the Painter Creek church, Ohio. 

Bro. W. A. Deardorff, of Wenatchee, Wash., to begin 
Jan. 10 in the Richland Valley church, Wash. 

* * * * 
Personal Mention 

Northern Indiana has selected Elders Frank Kreider 
and S. P. Berger as Standing Committee delegates to the 
1921 Conference. 

Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern Colorado has 
chosen Eld. J. E. Small as Standing Committee delegate 
to the next Conference. 

Bro. Adam M. Hollinger is in charge of the pastoral 
work in the Reading congregation, Pa., where his cor- 
respondents should now address him. 

Bro. D. F. Warner, of Lowell, Mich., has been looking 
after the pastoral work at Accident, Md., since October, 
and it is hoped that he may be induced to continue in that 

capacity for some time. A new house of worship is to be 
erected during the current year. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife had planned to return to 
Florida after laying away to rest the body of their de- 
ceased brother, at Polo, III., as indicated last week, but 
they have now decided to remain at Mount Morris for 
the present. We regret to learn that Sister Miller has not 
been in her usual health since coming North. Their cor- 
respondents will please note their change of address, until 
further notice, from Clermont, Florida, to Mt. Morris, 111. 

Thursday, Dec. 23, we had the unexpected pleasure of 
interviews with Bro. H. K. Ober and wife, of Elizabeth- 
town, Pa., and Bro. Jas. M. Mohler, of Leeton, Mo. The 
two brethren named, being Chairman and Treasurer, re- 
spectively, of the General Sunday School Board, constitute, 
together with Secretary Ezra Flory, the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Board. A conference of this committee gave 
the occasion for" this visit. Another element in the situ- 
ation was the fact that Bro. Ober had other engagements 
along the way, in which Sister Ober was a participant, 
and this made possible also her first visit to the Publish- 
ing House. * 4» * * 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

The Temperance Committee of North Dakota and East- 
ern Montana makes an important announcement on page 
14 to the churches of the District. It is hoped that many 
churches will avail themselves of the proffered opportu- 

Churches of Northeastern Ohio will kindly note the ap- 
peal of the District Mission Board on page 11, concerning 
the building of a house of worship at New Philadelphia 
and also the carrying on of other necessary work. Promot 
action will be appreciated. 

* * * * 
Special Notices 

A Pastor Needed. — The Yakima church, Wash., is in 
need of a pastor. Any one desiring the pastorate of a 
church in a wide-awake community, will please address 
R. A. Wise, R. D. 3, Box 200, Yakima, Wash. 

Just before going to press we received the announce- 
ment of the Bible and Sunday-School Institute of Blue 
Ridge College, Md., to be held Jan. 31 to Feb. 12. It will 
be published in full in next week's " Messenger." 

We received the announcement of the " Juniata Insti- 
tute for Training Sunday-School and Vacation Bible 
School Teachers," to be held at Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 24 
to Feb. 18. Full particulars will be found in our next 
issue. ♦:♦*>** 

Miscellaneous Mention 

The erection of a house of worship at Springfield, 111., 
in the near future, is confidently looked forward to. 

Brethren, willing to lend assistance in local mission 
work and depending on labor for a livelihood, or inter- 
ested in mercantile opportunities, might find it worth their 
while to write Bro. Ezra Mohler, Plattsburg, Mo. 

One of the churches on the Pacific Coast opens each 
of its business sessions with a sermon, the text for which 
has been previously selected by-athe official board. The 
plan is a most practicable one, and is sure to add spirit- 
ual fervor to the tone of the entire meeting. 

One of our eastern churches, not being able to arrange 
for a special campaign of evangelistic meetings, makes the 
regular services a convenient' medium to reach the un- 
converted. Their well-planned efforts are already bear- 
ing a gracious fruitage, and the best of results are con- 
fidently expected. 

One of our eastern churches appoints a committee for 
the annual revision of its membership list. By the careful 
survey thus made, plans are perfected to assist the care- 
less or indifferent members. Such a procedure is a most 
admirable one, wholly Scriptural, and well calculated to 
lead to the best results. 

Through Bro. Wilbur Stover we have learned of a co- 
operative arrangement between Mount Morris College 
and the" town paper, the "Mount Morris Index," which 
ought to interest all our people in the Mount Morris ter- 
ritory, who have any interest in education. The first is- 
sue of the paper in each month is to contain a sermon 
preached in the College Chapel and other matter of 
special concern to patrons and friends of the college. If 
you would like to know more about this ask Mount Morris 
College by first mail to see that-a free copy of the first 
issue of the " Index" for January is sent you. 

We have often been impressed with the fact that, for the 
best interests of the church in general, we have too many 
pastoral changes. A minister can not do his best work 
if he changes from year to year, neither can the congrega- 
tion expect to prosper if it changes its pastors too fre- 
quently. A little forethought and a close study of the 
situation will usually locate the right sort of pastor in the 
congregation to whose needs he is specially adapted. 
That being the case, he can settle down to a systematic 
program of congregational upbuilding, and make a success 
of the work. He will have an opportunity to arrange his 
plans for a term of years, and do a really constructive 
work. Most of the denominations have found the longer 

pastorates of greatest benefit. Retaining a faithful and 
efficient pastor for many years, the most intimate relations 
between pastor and people are fostered. 

The correspondent of one of the Middle Western con- 
gregations says, "Our Sunday-school will omit January, 
February and March, hoping for still the same splendid 
interest upon resuming activities in the spring." ' Now 
hope is a splendid attribute of the mind, at all times, but 
would it not be better to have a just and rightful reason 
for our hope, by NOT suspending Sunday-school activ- 
ities as indicated above? Why not run right on until 
spring with increasing interest? To stop the work of 
the Sunday-school for three months is always a risky 
if not a fatal experiment. 

The Annual Meeting of the Sunday School Council of 
Evangelical Denominations will be held in the Hotel 
Severn, Indianapolis, Ind., Jan. 18 to 21, 1921. The mem- 
bership of the Council is made up of all the Editorial, 
Educational and Publication officials of the Associated 
Evangelical Denominations, and the employed officers of 
the International, State and Provincial Sunday School 
Associations of the United States and Canada. The Pro- 
gram Committee has prepared with great care a program 
of unusual timeliness and strength. The future welfare of 
the Sunday Schools of North America makes this meeting 
one of great importance, especially as this is the first meet- 
ing of the Council since its reorganization to include the 
officers of the Territorial organizations. Information con- 
cerning the meeting may be had on application to the 
Secretary, Rev. Geo. T. Webb, D. D„ 99 Dundas Street, 
East, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 

Bro. W. J. Swigart, Chairman of the Peace Committee, 
sends us the following announcement and suggestion. 
Note especially the suggestion. Act on it before you for- 
get it: "Senator Borah, of Idaho, has presented a reso- 
lution, proposing that the United States enter into an 
agreement with other leading governments of the world — 
particularly England and Japan— to withhold all efforts 
or provisions to increase the naval armaments for a pe- 
riod of five years. This is a most sensible, reasonable and 
humane proposition, and would mean very much in quiet- 
ing the military restlessness that is disturbing the world. 
Write or wire your representatives in the Senate and 
House, urging them to support this proposal. Get 
churches, business houses, and other organizations, to 
write or wire Hon. Wm. E. Borah, Washington, express- 
ing approval of this movement. What a Christmas gift, 
in fact, would such a status be!" 

A Bystander's Notes 
Your Disposition. — Some one recently said: "It is not 
your ' position ' but your ' disposition ' that counts large." 
We have all seen individuals who are so wholly taken up 
with the importance of their " position," that there is no 
"disposition" to become really helpful in the general 
building up of the cause of Christ. Quite a few of us 
have yet to learn the lesson that a " position," in and of 
itself, is nothing, save as the occupant thereof honors it 
by creditably filling it. A "disposition" DOES count 
large, however, at all times when there is a sincere desire, 
on the part of the humble disciple, to do all things through 
Christ " who strengthened me." 

The Workers of Tomorrow. — Have you ever pondered 
the fact that future workers of the church must be devel- 
oped among the young people of today? The time to 
select officers for the various church needs is long be- 
fore they can assume the responsibilities of the various 
offices. Young people must be made to see the dignity 
and worth of religious duties. An efficient church makes 
efficient workers by its constant emphasis upon the worth 
of church work. Young people must be trained for work 
by working, just as swimming must be learned by getting 
into the water. Placing responsibilities upon any one, 
is sure to induce close application to the assigned task — 
a strong endeavor " to make good." If you would have 
the church of tomorrow a strong power for truth and 
righteousness, now is the time to begin the training of the 
workers — results do not come by accident, but by a 
systematic and prayerful preparation. 

Sound Logic. — A recent article in the " Business Chron- 
icle," Seattle, Wash., speaks of the present state of the 
world as " spiritually bankrupt and financially insolvent," 
which is quite true, according to recent indications. The 
editor refers to the prevailing tendency of criticising the 
government, the capitalist and other factors, for disquiet- 
ing conditions, when, as a matter of fact, the people have 
" not yet had to walk far enough, or go hungry long 
enough, to be brought to a realization that their trouble 
lies largely within themselves. They have the wrong view- 
point. There is too much listening to mischief-makers. 
There is too little prayer, too much hankering for 'the 
food that perisheth,' and too many empty heads. What a 
sick world needs, just now, is an old-fashioned religious 
revival and a baptism of Pentecostal fire. Let there be a 
little more regard for the sacredness of contracts, and 
get ready for a lot of self-denial and intelligent expendi- 
ture of both time and money. Steer clear of sociological 
quacks, read the Sermon on the Mount and go back to 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1921 


A Survey of Mexico 
According to latest reports from Mexico City, a survey 
of the republic is being compiled, which, through the 
public libraries, will be made available to the reading 
public everywhere. Officials believe that the completed 
book will go a long way toward acquainting the civilized 
peoples of the world with the real Mexico — its needs 
and its aspirations. If the Mexican survey is honest and 
thorough, it should not only help the people of that land 
to do more for their own country, but it should make it 
possible for other nations to understand the republic. 
Its faults have been too greatly emphasized' in past years. 
Now let there be an honest endeavor to recognize its 
good qualities and happy possibilities and, beyond all 
else, let there be an extension of the helpful hand! 

Important Grant to Methodists 
According to the "New York Tribune" the Maharajah 
of Bikanier, a wealthy prince of India, has offered the 
Methodist Episcopal Church 10,000 acres of fertile land, 
provided that American farming methods be taught his 
people. Other demonstration farms, operated by the 
Methodist Church, have proved highly successful. The 
methods of American farmers have shown themselves of 
value even when put to the test by the totally different 
environments' of India. The Maharajah, above alluded 
to, assumes the full expense of maintaining the farm, be- 
ing satisfied that the good results, attained by American 
agriculturists, fully compensate him for all extra expense. 
It is readily seen that the missionary in the Orient is 
rapidly gaining in influence of the most far-reaching value. 

Moving Picture Shows Promotive of Crime 
Competent judges of the situation assure us that the 
moving^picture shows have largely taken the place of 
sensational fiction in printed form. Some years ago a 
gre: t deal of juvenile delinquency was ascribed to the 
debasing influence of trashy literature, and a determined 
effort in its suppression was not without good results. 
Today wc are confronted with a far greater and more 
subtle form of corruption by means of delusive films. 
Evt n the smallest town of the country has its moving 
picture shows, and the result is obvious to the most in- 
different. It touches all classes of people. Far greater 
numbers of them are now affected by moving pictures 
than were ever reached by trashy books. Right then- 
is the great danger of misleading and crime-suggesting 
picture shows. 

Fraudulent Enterprises 
Five hundred million dollars — almost equal to $5 for 
every man, woman and child in the United States — is the 
estimated annual loss the American public sustains 
through the purchase of fraudulent securities, notwith- 
standing the fact that thirty-eight States have so-called 
"blue-sky" laws, which were intended to safeguard 
the«,public from such swindles. Obviously, no legal meas- 
ure can fully meet the situation, if the individuals them- 
selves are not disposed to exercise due caution. We are 
quite sure that every Christian, thoroughly impressed 
with the full realization of his stewardship in the sight 
of God, will endeavor to make his investments with a 
great deal of care. He will keep in mind, all the while. 
that he is doing business for the Lord. 

Conditions in India Alarming 
On the very eve of constitutional reform, India is suf- 
fering from a very acute state of unrest, which places 
that country in a most dangerous position. Partially 
responsible for present conditions is the policy of " non- t 
cooperation." This procedure has been advocated by an 
extremist named Ghandi, who for several years has been 
one of the severest Indian critics of British rule in India. 
He does not urge violence; he simply would have all 
native officials resign; he would have all native lawyers 
refuse to appear in courts; he would have the people 
stay away from the new political machinery, boycotting 
both the government and Europeans. Up and down the 
country, the doctrine of race hatred is being preached 
with greater violence than ever, until many have been 
led to believe that even the most liberal constitutional 
reforms will be of no avail. 

Still Further Conquests Are Needed 
Just now almost any endeavor, to introduce needed 
reform measures, is met by violent opposition, and it is 
even claimed that by such moves the reestablishment of 
the ancient New England "Blue Laws" is being attempt- 
ed. It is a matter of fact, no doubt, that those, who were 
chiefly responsible for the passing of the Prohibition 
Amendment, are anxious to have that enactment carried 
out according to the letter of the law, but they are not 
to be charged with the wholly impracticable measures 
advocated by some of the extremists. Dr. Wilbur F. 
Crafts truthfully says: "While we are rejoicing in the 
adoption of the prohibition amendment, and in the fact 
of woman suffrage, let us not forget that there is a 
deadly, after-the-war undertow, pulling downward. 
Recognized evils have increased by leaps and bounds 
and must be dealt with adequately, if we would safeguard 
the full benefits of the prohibition enactment." 

The Gambling Mania 
From the savings division of the Federal Treasury 
Department, which claims to have made an investigation 
of "the gambling mania," said to be prevalent in the 
United States, comes a gloomy report. We are told that 
" gambling and betting have reached a frenzy never 
before equaled" in this country. Most disquieting, in 
this connection, is the statement that many professing 
Christians have been ensnared in the gambling mania — 
either that of the card-table or that of "stock exchange 
betting." At a low estimate, it is thought that $2,000,000,000 
has changed hands as a result of professional and social 
forms of gambling. Social and charity workers report an 
alarming increase in gambling, and one, too, that is of 
disastrous consequences. Families, applying for aid, com- 
plain that thtir breadwinners gamble away the greater 
part of their wages. To combat the gambling evil, the 
government contemplates a moral appeal to the nation, 
and expects the churches, the press, and educational in- 
stitutions, to undertake an anti-gambling campaign. It 
is a task that should strongly appeal to every lover of 
righteousness. In a very real sense can the churches 
demonstrate their power as " the salt of the earth " and as 
"shining lights" to a world in darkness. Theirs is the 
privilege of proving that " godliness is profitable in all 

A Menace to Our Nation 

Statisticians, who have made a careful survey of the 
national life, assure us that ten millions of the twenty 
millions of American young people under eighteen years 
of age never cross the threshold of any church — Protes- 
tant or otherwise. If those figures arc as trustworthy as 
they are claimed to be. they constitute a real menace to 
the life of the nation. Our country — wholly dissimilar 
to the other American nations south of our borders — 
was founded by God-fearing and church-going people. 
The framers of our constitution so fully recognized their 
dependence upon the Unseen Power, that their task of 
drafting that important instrument was not completed 
without frequently resorting to prayer. Can our country 
hope to escape the fate of "nations that forget God," 
if the religious training of our young people is neglected? 

little cot to another, and looks at the tiny, patient suf- 
ferers, one can feel truly thankful that the American 
Friends are doing all that can humanly be done to 
remedy these conditions. In the big, clean kitchens of 
the Friends' organizations, there pre rows and rows of 
smiling little children, waving spoons and cups at Ameri- 
can visitors, and giving little cheers between mouthfuls. 
It in. ikes one feel that if Americans could only see these 
things, there would be a tremendous outpouring 'of help 
from our land of plenty." Tragic, indeed, it is that there 
should be such suffering in the land that gave birth to the 
noble band of Christians to whom the Church of the 
I '.ret lir i'ji i >\vr- its \ erv ex is tern e ' 

Celestial Visitors 

With a flame of red-hot minerals, a meteor recently 
crashed into the business district of Howesville, W. Va., 
and again the scientists were aroused to a discussion of 
this most interesting happening. In the seemingly quiet 
sky, a number of things may happen — seen and unseen, 
We are told that suns are continually dying and that 
stars are occasionally hurtling into collisions. Then, 
again, a veritable rain of mineral substances, of which 
we may have a few signs, is precipitated upon this earth. 
There is order in the heavens, but the astronomer also 
tells us of clashing worlds. Sometimes,- as a bit of 
stone slips through our envelope of air, it lands with 
a thump upon the earth. There is some local excitement, 
some scientific interest, but not a great deal more. 
Were it not for the barrier of air, that burns most of the 
stones with its friction, we would continually be pelted 
by meteors from the size of peanuts upward. Some may 
wonder how long the frail defense, of the air belt will 
continue to protect us. Truly, we live among exploding 
worlds, but the Great Creator of all things is still in 


A Stricken and Emaciated People 

Mr. Hamilton Holt, editor of "The Independent," re- 
cently made a tour of Europe, looking especially into 
conditions now- existing in Germany. We quote a part 
of his touching story: "Many of the people have so de- 
pleted their systems that when any disease or ailment 
comes, it carries them off. We spent one morning visit- 
ing the children's food stations and maternity hospitals, 
supported by the American Society of Friends. I wish 
every American could see the wonderful work the Quak- 
ers are doing. I shall never forget what I saw. There 
were children who looked to be six years old, who were 
twelve. Two-year-old babies appeared to be but two 
months old. Ninety per cent of Germany's children, born 
since 1914,, have rickets. Many children are still-born, as 
the mothers literally can not give them life." One of the 
Quaker relief workers, as reported by the "American 
Friend," says this: "Unless one has actually seen the 
terrible effects .of starvation, no imagination can pos- 
sibly picture it. Could you imagine babies of two or 
three years old with such haggard, drawn faces and such 
deformed legs and arms that they hardly look like human 
beings? Little children, three years old, often weigh 
only sixteen pounds. There are children with bones so 
soft that a rough touch breaks them. Some there are 
whose little arms and legs have been broken again and 
again, until, finally, they had to be protected by heavy 
bandages. As one walks through the hospitals from one 

Enlisting the Boys 
Bro, Chas. W. Eisenbise, of Atascadero, Calif., sends us 
a newspaper clipping, in which the starting of a new 
Masonic order, especially for boys, is referred to. It is 
knowii as the "Order of De Molay for Boys" and seems 
to be meeting with considerable Favor. One can readily 
see how a boy, once ensnared by the junior organization, 
will readily enter the successive stages of Masonry until 
the thirty-third degree is reached. Bro. Eisenbise makes 
the following significant comment: "Satan never sleeps, 
but many Christians, all the while, dally with his wiles. 
May God protect the church from the pitfalls, all about 
her pathway, these days!" Eternal vigilance against 
the encroachments of secret orders is the only hope of 
escaping their entanglements. 

The Leaven of Education 
With more than 600,000 young men and women in its 
colleges and universities, the United States now has, 
approximately, one-half of one per cent of educational 
leaven, that should prove a valuable factor in our national 
progress, No legislative act, of course, will ever restrict 
the percentage. Well do our legislators know that an 
educated constituency is a sure means of promoting the 
highest public welfare. Unlike most industrial establish- 
ments, our institutions of higher education contribute 
principally to " a state of mind " — an attitude toward 
life which will conduce to a broader, deeper and better 
civilization. Coupled therewith] ••( course, must he the 
foundational principle of religion, without which even 
tile highest mental training is of no value. 

Peoria, Illinois, Still Flourishing 
Our readers are familiar with the fact that in the days 
before the Eighteenth Amendment became effective, 
Peoria, 111., was the center of American whiskey manu- 
facture. More than a thousand persons were employed 
in the distillery plants of Peoria's SOUth 8ld.C the annual 
revenue paid to the government amounting to thirty-six 
millions. It was Freely predicted that prohibition would 
ruin the city and bring desolation. What arc the facts 
uf the ease? Today thirty staple articles are produced 
instead of the single product— whiskey. Fully 4,000 per- 
sons arc employed instead of the 1,000 in days gone by. 
As in all other communities, to which prohibition has 
brought a clay of better things, the benefits and gains of 
the new regime are far in excess of the losses, lugubrious- 
ly predicted by the liquor interests. Peoria offers a 
particularly striking example, because of its exceedingly 
great prosperity as a whiskey center, Its even more 
marvelous success at the present time tells its own story. 

The League of Nations Ends Its Sessions 
Whatever the most ardent friends of the League of 
Nations may have expected of the recent preliminary 
sessions of that body at Geneva, the results attained fell 
somewhat short of the anticipations, On the other hand 
it was shown that there arc possibilities in the League 
for really effective service to mankind, tf selfish ambi- 
tions can be sacrificed, in the endeavor to bring about 
better world conditions. Representatives of the various 
nations felt that the League was so new and experi- 
mental that the more difficult problems might well be 
postponed until the next meeting. This, of course, pre- 
vented the adoption of several really constructive meas- 
ures. Then, too, it is hoped that by the time of the 
next meeting, the United States may be induced to be- 

i e a member of the League, and to that end it is 

urged that some of the objectionable principles of the 
organization be modified. The withdrawal of the Argen- 
tine delegates, while greatly deplored, did not prove as 
detrimental as was expected at first. The assembly ad- 
mitted six new member states and partly recognized 
others that are desirous of joining. The outstanding 
achievement of the Geneva meeting is admittedly the 
, stablishmenl of ih<- International Court of Justice. By 

means of this tribunal many matters at issue may be 
.,..; factorily and quickfy adjusted. That, surely, is a 
step in the righi direction. A notable feature of the' 
meeting was the vote giving China a seat in the council 
of the League. Even Japan's delegation voted for this 
just recognition. It must be admitted that, in a general 
way. the moral effect of the first series of League ses- 
sions is of considerable value. For the first time in his- 
tory, forty nations, great and small, publicly discussed 
issues of importance and common concern. 




. for ■; i . . ■ Wwkly Devotional Meeting Or 
Prayerful, Private Medltutton. 

The Divine Side of a Revival 

Acts 3:19; Hosea 13:9; Isaiah 59:1, 2, 20, 21 
For Week Beginning January 9, 1921 

1. Revivals Are Divinely Ordained. — The Lord works 
upon the human heart by means of inspirational impulses 
that seek to woo man from the humdrum affairs of this life 
to "the things that are above." There is a close analogy 
between God's plans in the spiritual world and his designs 
for the great realm of nature. There is life in root and 
trunk and branch, in field and forest, all the year around. 
but at least once a year a reviving impulse is given to all 
plant life. It is then that the hillsides and the valleys 
break forth into the most luxuriant verdure. Every 
spring-time reminds us of God's revival of nature's forces, 
by which he gives this old earth of ours renewed life. 

2. Why Man Needs God's Reviving Power. — Man can 
not advance in his intellectual and moral life unless, every 
now and then, fresh impulses inspire him to still greater 
achievements. The same truth holds good religiously 
speaking? All too often our spiritual life is apt to fall into 
a rut, eventually becoming monotonous and commonplace. 
Right then there is need of a reviving impulse and nobler 
aspirations. If wc would have our life to tell for Jesus, 
there must be a revival that stirs our nature to its pro- 
foundest depths. 

3. God's Plans for Our Progress.— It is obvious to all 
that none of us should be content with past achievements, 
but that there should be a pressing forward in the religious 
life that can only come from above. The sooner we 
realize our own limitations and God's supreme power, the 
quicker there will be a spring-time revival of abounding 
gladness in our hearts. Without such experiences we can 
not hope for real progress. 

4. The Vitalizing Power of the Holy Spirit and God's 
Grace.— Only through the indwelling of the Holy Spirit in 
our hearts, can we hope for the beauty, the rapture and 
the saving power, incident to a revival of religion. As 
members of God's family, our needs appeal to the Great 
Father, and arouse his longing to bring a blessing to us. 
Having made us like himself, in the power of wise choice 
and in the supreme sovereignty of will, he waits — as does 
an earthly father for the appeal of childhood— to bestow 
upon us the fullness of his blessing. If we open our 
hearts to God, and wait upon him, his Divine Grace will 
fit 1 u s with a vision of higher and nobler things. 

5. What the Lord Is Always Willing to Do for Us.— It 
is the Divine Presence of God, which we must depend 
upon to give power to the sermon, to the testimony, to 
the songs of Zion, and to the word of earnest exhortation. 
The Lord has, by no means, forsaken his people. He has 
not ceased to be interested in the souls of men, and is 
only waiting to verify his gracious promises to even the 
humblest believer. He was not more faithful to Elijah 
on Mount Carmel, when he answered by fire than he is 
to us. He is the same God who breathed upon the valley 
of dry bones in Ezekiel's vision, and caused an army of 
invincible power to stand forth. He is the same God who 
came as a mighty, rushing wind on the Day of Pentecost, 
and enabled a little band of faithful disciples to win three 
thousand converts to the cross of Christ. The Lord is 
as willing to bless our preaching and pleading and per- 
suasion, as he was Elijah's, or Ezekiel's, or Peter's. He 
loves the sinners of today with as a deep a tenderness 
as that which h e felt toward any men or women who have 
ever lived. Let us open our heartsl Let us surrender 
our lives, to be filled and empowered by the Spirit of the 
Living God! 

6. Suggestive References.— No one can come except 
the Father draw him (John 6:44). God has reconciled 
us to himself by Jesus Christ (2 Cor. 5:18. 19). Con- 
ditions of Divine acceptance (Rom. 8:11-17). God is 
rich in mercy (Eph. 2:4-10). How God chooses us (2 
Thess. 2:13). Called according to God's own purpose 
and grace (2 Tim. 1:9). A merciful and faithful high 
priest (Heb. 2: 17, 18). God's promise a sure anchor to 

.our souls (Heb. 6: 17-20). 

Our Auto Accident 

(Continued irom Page 3) 

think it is. Everything seemed to work together for 
our good after the accident. No sooner had we 
crawled from under the wreckage than two good 
friends in automobiles were coming upon the scene 
from opposite directions. The one proceeded at once 
for a doctor and the other began loading us in his car, 
and in fifteen or twenty minutes we were in the doc- 
tor's office and were being well cared for. Each of 
these two friends lived some twenty miles from the 
scene of the accident and something more than human 

guidance must have had part in the matter, so to time 
them that they reached there just at the moment they 
were needed. For this immediate aid and for trft close 
proximity to a good physician and surgeon \\v have 
much reason to be thankful. 

5. We can not begin to mention the many acts of 
kindness received, not only from the friends who gave 
us first aid, but from those who have given continued 
help in words of sympathy and daily assistance up to 
the present time. We can not write to all these good 
friends and thank them one by one for their helpful 
acts, kind letters, etc., but we appreciate their helpful- 
ness to such an extent that it will be an incentive to 
us to be more helpful ourselves when the Lord gives 
us strength to do so. They have done us much good. 

6. The accident, with its attendant circumstances, 
has caused us to think much of Romans 8 : 28. It is 
undoubtedly universally true that " all things work to- 
gether for good to them that love God." The great 
trouble is that in our shortsightedness we can see only 
a very few of the " all things," and these do not look 
favorable to us. If we get God's help in solving the 
problem of the forces in question, we are led to see 
that Paul was right, and that he was no ordinary 
mathematician in solving spiritual problems. 

7. Should we, then, be thankful for the accident? 
We teach our Sunday-school classes that the severe 
trials through which Abraham, David and Job passed 
were the things that made them strong — that they 
were better men for having passed through these 
things. We preach the same thing from the pulpit. 
But when these trials come home to us, are we willing 
to make the same application to ourselves? Yes, we 
believe that the accident, on the whole, has been bene- 
ficial to us — that the good that has come out of it out- 
weighs the evil. If we have been benefited why should 
we not thank God for it? 

8. Many other lessons have been suggested, but we 
will take time to notice only one more. We have 
passed along this same " National Highway " perhaps 
a hundred times. This time we are made to endure 
the results coming from an automobile wreck. We 
thank the Lord for preserving our lives and caring for 
us so well. How about the other ninety-nine times, 
in none of which we were required to endure the ex- 
periences of an accident? Was not the Lord watching 
over us then? Most assuredly he was. Should we 
not, then, lift our hearts in thankfulness and praise to 
him for his care during these ninety-nine times when 
we fared so much better than we did this time? 

Moorcs Store, Va. 

Secrets of Success in the Apostolic Church 


The gems of history contain no greater marvel 
than that of the phenomenal development of the 
apostolic church. It was phenomenal because of some 
of the conditions surrounding the matter, considered 
from a natural standpoint. Its Founder was a Jew, 
despised and rejected even by the leaders of his own 
people. He had been executed as a criminal and his 
followers were a lot of uncultured, despondent and 
unorganized' fishermen, with no knowledge of re- 
ligion, psychology, language or travel. Rome, the all- 
powerful power of that time, was irreligious, sensual, 
pleasure-loving and materialistic. This was the task 
and the outlook. 

The achievements are quite a different story. This 
same proud, materialistic, insincere and carnal Rome 
had succumbed, in less than four hundred years, as no 
nation before or since has been conquered for Christ. 
In the year 100 A. D. there were about 200,000 Chris- 
tians, and in the year 400 there were about 8.000,000. 
At such a rate of increase, the entire world would have 
been Christian by the year 1000, yet how far was the 
world from being entirely Christian by 'that time? In 
400 A. D. 'one-fifteenth of the entire Roman empire 
was Christian. 

In the face of these two earlier considerations — first 
the task and the outlook; second the results and 
achievements — there is but one question in our minds 
and that ts : " What was the secret of this phenomenal 
success? " 

The first phenomenal thing about the apostolic 

church was its vision of the resurrected Christ and 
the accompanying message of the crucified, resurrect- 
ed and victorious Christ that naturally followed. This 
is seen in the record of all of their messages. Surely 
they attempted to know nothing but "Jesus and him 
crucified." This conviction transformed the disciples 
from cowards and unbelievers into the stalwart men 
of spiritual determination that we know them to be. 
It electrified the unbelieving people of that age, and 
transformed the entire outlook of the world. It was 
the very message the world needed in that critical hour, 
just as it is the timely message for this. It could 
reach the changing Roman mind, and had an answer 
for the troublesome questions of immortality of that 
time. It was food for philosopher and peasant alike, 
if they would only heed. The world today does not 
need a new theology, but what it does need is an ener- 
getic and faithful preaching of this great principle. 

The second phenomenal thing about the apostolic 
church was its determination and energetic missionary 
spirit. They that were scattered abroad went every- 
where preaching the Word. This spirit of missions 
could not be stopped by the hand of the persecutor, Qr 
by need, or by famine, or by lack of preparation. Oh, 
what would we accomplish today with such a deter- 
mination? And in this direct connection comes the: 
consideration that the large amount of the work, ac- 
complished by the apostolic church, and of its illus- 
trious achievements, was wrought by the rank and 
file of the apostles. This is what the church needs to- 
day. If the rank and file of the membership will not 
do the things that need to be done, the ministry can 
never do it. Cooperation and united effort are more 
important than organization and education — impor- 
tant as they are. The Church of the Brethren can 
accomplish any program in which it is willing com- 
pletely to cooperate, in one gigantic, united effort. 
" Nothing is impossible to those that fear him." A 
missionary church is always a growing church. In 
fact, it can not have the Spirit of the Christ, or of 
the apostolic church and not be a missionary church. 
Selfishness kills churches, and is the big enemy we 
must fight within our own selves. 

The next principle that stands out phenomenal, in 
the life of the apostolic church, is that of its prayer- 
life. Whether in doubt, or trouble, success or fear, 
the church always came to prayer, both united and 
personal. The modern church knows how to do every- 
thing better than it knows how to pray. The apostolic- 
church started every great movement in prayer. It 
won its victories through prayer, and its converts 
came in answer to prayer. And the best part of all 
is the gift of the Holy Spirit, that came to the apos- 
tolic church in answer to prayer. This transformed 
the cowardly Peter into the great preacher of Pente- 
cost, and brought victory to the efforts of God's peo- 
ple. This is the ultimate object of religion, that God 
may dwell within, and have fellowship with us, and 
this is the answer to prayer. We need just such 
prayer, and Spirit-filled men for the tasks of today. 

Let us go back — not to our ideas of the past, or to 
the misty pages of history, but to the great principles 
of the apostolic church. Let us go back to their firm 
conviction and determination, to their cooperation and 
unselfish service, and missionary spirit, and back to 
their spirit of prayer that will give us the gift of the 
Holy Spirit. Are we willing to learn the secrets of 
success of the apostolic church? 

Wichita, Kans. 



" Lay not up for yourselves treasures upon the earth, where moth 
and rust consume, ami where thieves break through and steal: but lay 
up (or yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rait 
doth consume, and where thieves do not break through nor steal " 
(Matt. 6: 19, 20). 

These are Jesus' words and a part of his wonderful Ser- 
mon on the Mount.' The thought here suggested is that 
of true service. The real, spiritual treasure is that of 
service to God. 

With many men the desire to obtain wealth is a control- 
ling desire, and success in life is sometimes measured by 
one's success in obtaining money, but Jesus disapproves 
of this. He does not condemn the accumulating of money 


for our daily needs, but does forbid hoarding money 
merely for the sake of possession. How much good might 
be done, how much suffering might be eliminated, how 
many lives might be blessed, if only the money that is 
spent foolishly, and hoarded for the sake of possession, 
could be spent in service for others I 

Jesus says that the earth is an unsafe place to deposit 
our treasures, and that heaven alone affords absolute 
security. We have our choice of laying up treasures on 
earth or in heaven. But treasures worthy of a place in 
heaven are quite different from those ordinarily locked up 
in vaults. They include such things as are a part of one's 
self — not houses, lands, and money, but right aims, pure 
purposes, unselfish endeavors, and deeds of love for 
others. All these flow from a life consecrated in service 
to God. 

The Bible teaches us to take no thought as to what we 
shall eat or wear, but to seek first the Kingdom of God, 
and his righteousness, and all these necessary things shall 
be added. Then may we expect the same God, who clothes 
the grass and lilies of the field, and cares for the birds of 
the air, to clothe and care for these mortal bodies of ours. 
He will do this and much more. He will feed us on 
spiritual food. He will give us freely the Bread of Life. 

Jesus wants u^ to trust him fully. He wants us to put 
away anxious thoughts about the future. He wants us to 
trust him for our tomorrows. They are his — stored up 
by his Loving Hand, and laden with nothing but good for 
those who love him. 

We are also reminded that we are to "judge not that 
ye be not judged." There are many reasons why we 
should not judge others. In the first place, we are" not 
capable of judging. We can not, as does God, look upon 
the heart. We see but the surface and the questionable 
things of others may be prompted by a proper motive. 

Furthermore, our own sins may so blind our own eyes; 
that we may not see the good there is in others. A safe 
rule of conduct for us to follow with our fellow-men 
is that which Christ taught, and which we know as the 
" Golden Rule," "All things whatsoever ye would that men 
should do to you, do ye even so to them." If all men 
everywhere would practice this excellent rule of conduct, 
even for a short time, there would be a reformation that 
could not be excelled. 

If we would live according to the principles of Christ's 
Sermon on the Mount, we must have help from above. 
Without this help our own efforts will be in vain. Jesus 
gives us three methods of obtaining this help. "Ask, 
seek, knock," " for every one that asketh receiveth, and 
he that seeketh findeth," "knock and it shall be opened 
unto you." God's best gifts, like valuable jewels, are 
kept under lock and key, and those who want them must, 
with fervent faith, ask for them, for " God is the Rewarder 
of them that diligently seek him." L. A. Jamison. 

Bristow, Va. , ^ , 


At our Mission Board Meeting, Dec. 2, it was decided 
that one of our number should go to Blount County, 
Tenn., to investigate the conditions of our church prop- 
erty. Having a call to come to Maryville, I left Dec. 11 
for Knoxville, where Bro. Bailey was ready to take me 
to his home. Arrangements were made for service and 
baptism, which was at Babcock, in the suburbs of Mary- 
ville. The preaching service on Sunday morning was the 
first meeting of our people. In the afternoon two young 
brethren and three sisters were baptized. These were 
converted at the recent meeting, held at Beaver Creek, 
Knox County, by Bro. Laughrun. We have several 
families of members in that community now. Monday 
morning Bro. G. A. Bailey, with his car, took me to the 
old Oakland church, six miles from Maryville. The 
church is in a dilapidated condition — much worse than 
when I was there a few years ago. 

It was here that Bro. S. Z. Sharp came, after the war, 
when conditions were bad, as both armies had their part 
in destruction. Bro. Sharp was a school-man and a 
church-man. He realized what the conditions were, here 
in the Southland, and came to help. He was one of the 
best educators, but he did more— as 1 he was first in or- 
ganizing a church and building a house in which to wor- 
. ship. It was in the early seventies, as the deed was 
' made in 1874. The house is a frame building. No serv- 
ices have been held there for the last few years. We 
have only a few members there now, though once there 
was a good membership. 

At our last District Conference the business of the 
church property at Oakland was placed in the hands of 
the Mission Board, to do with it as they may consider 

advisable. _^. P- D. Reed. 


At its recent meeting, the Mission Board of Northern 
Illinois and Wisconsin followed a program of business, 
which had been previously compiled from suggestions 
sent to the Chairman by the members of the Board. The 
program was submitted to the members of the Board ten 
days or more before the meeting. This afforded an op- 
portunity to study and pray about the work of the meet- 

Much business came up for the consideration of the 

meeting, but it was disposed of at an early hour, leaving 
much time to hear ;ind discuss special papers on vital 
topics, such as; "The Mission Board and Our Field 
Dm tor." " Our Opportunities Through the Sunday- 
school," " The Daily Vacation Bible Schools," " Our 
Young People." "The Board's Relation to the Special 
Term at Mt. Morris." 

Measures were taken to have the various Mission 
Boards of the territory, assigned to Mt. Morris, repre- 
sent and participate in programs at the special Bible 
Term of Mt. Morris, where the interests of the Boards 
are to be a part of the program. 

Plans were inaugurated to have practical and system- 
atic reports submitted by the various mission workers 
and pastors at regular intervals. 

The Board proposes to pay half the expenses of those 
who will attend the Special Term at Mt. Morris, if the 
local church will pav an equal amount. Ezra Flory. 

Elgin, 111. 


The Ministerial Association of Northwestern Ohio held 
its bimonthly regular session in the Lima church, Tues- 
day, Dec. 7, opening at 10 A. M. The former officers were 
reelected: President, David Byerly; Vice-President, B. F. 
Jjnyder; Secretary-Treasurer, E. E. Eshelman. It was de- 
cided that the meetings of the Association are primarily 
for the ministers, though others are not debarred. Twenty- 
six ministers were present. 

The theme for discussion for the day was "Church 
Authority and Discipline." The theme was divided into 
seven sub-topics and discussed by different speakers. These 
topics and speakers were: 

1. What Authority Docs the New Testament Give to the Church? 

2. What Is Meant by Church Discipline? (Give the Meaning of the 
Term and Forms of Disciplinc.l~L. I. Moss. 

3. For What Causes Has the Church a Right to Discipline Its 
Members? To What Extent May Discipline Go in Each Particular 
Case or Cause?— Samuel Driver. 

4. What Authority Has an Elder of a Congregation Over That 
Church in Matters of Discipline, Meetings. Government, etc., etc.?— 
G. A. Snider. 

5. What Authority Has the Church in Conference— Local, District, 
or General— in Matters of Receiving and Disfellowshiping Members?— 
B. F. Snyder. 

6. In Disciplining Members for " Worldliness," " Covctousncsa." 
" Railing." etc- What Shall Be Taken as the Meaning of Each Term 
in Question ?-N. I. Cool. 

7. What Methods of Discipline Shall Be Used, and to What Extent, 
to Counteract the Worldward Tendency in the Church?— H. Z. Smith. 

The discussions were all clear cut and definite, expressing 
clearly the thought of the speaker and in general they led 
to the opening up of the theme in a way that can not help 
but be of profit to all, The next meeting of the Associa- 
tion will be in the Toledo church Feb. 1. 1921. 

Bellefontaine, Ohio. E. E. Eshelman, Secretary. 


Bro. Jacob J. Kindig, son of Martin and Mary Stover 
Kindig. was born in Augusta County, Virginia, Jan. 12, 
1832. He was married in Cass County, 111., to Phcebe C. 
Zirkle, Dec. 23. 1857. To this union were born four chil- 
dren ; John M., Charles H., Mary A., and Phillip T. His 
eldest son preceded him Jan. 21. 1892, and his companion 
Feb. 8, 1898. June 11. 1901, he was married at Silver Lake, 
Nebr., to Mary A. Grabill, who survives. He leaves, be- 
sides these, twelve grandchildren and twelve great-grand- 
children. ' 

Bro. Kindig united with the Church of the Brethren 
early in life and served as deacon, and later in the minis- 
try, in which capacity he labored about fifty years. He 
first lived in the bounds of the Panther Creek congrega- 
tion, Woodford County, 111., but over thirty years ago 
moved to Adams County, Nebr., living first in the Juniata 
church and later in the Silver Lake church. 

Bro. Kindig was the originator of what is known as{ 
"The Nebraska Endowment Poor Fund." He was active 
in the ministry until the last several years, when infirmi- 
ties of age compelled him to give up the work. 

He died at his home near Roseland, Nebr., Nov. 7, 1920, 
at-thc age of eighty-eight years, nine months and twenty- 
six days. Services by the writer, assisted by Bro. Edgar 
Stouffer. Text. Job 5: 26. Burial in the Juniata cemetery, 
by the side of his first companion. J. J. Tawzer. 

Kearney, Nebr. 

Our District Conference convened in the Colorado 
Springs church Oct. 29 to Nov. 1. The churches of the 
District were well represented. Ministers present from 
other Districts were Bro. Culler, from McPherson : Bro. 
Yaniman, from China; Bro. Sherfy. of Conway. Kans., 
and Bro. Ezra Flory, of Elgin. III. These brethren 
brought to us forceful messages on the subject of Chris- 
tian Education. Missionary Work and the needs of the 
homeland and the foreign fields. 

I',rn. Vaniman favored us with two illustrated lectures 
on China, presenting a graphic picture of conditions as 
tbev exist, and the needs. 

Rro. Culler's addresses on Christian education and mis- 
sionary preparation were strong appeals. 
Bro. Sherfy made a touching plea in behalf of the 

homeless children, presenting the needs in a forceful 

Bro. Flory came to us with his interesting subject: 
" Sunday-School Pedagogy." Each message he brought 
was interesting, practical and helpful. 

Bro. Horning, of Denver, rendered valuable service in 
the discussion of topics, as also did each minister present. 

Of special interest was the historical review of the Dis- 
trict, and reminiscences of the experiences of the pioneer 

Our District decided to support all missionaries going 
from our District. 

Bro. Roy Crist, our District Sunday-school, Temper- 
ance and Missionary Secretary, favored us with an illus- 
trated lecture on Japan. 

Bro. Flory remained after the meeting, and conducted 
i short Bible Institute, which was greatly enjoyed by all 
who could attend. 

Sister Miller, of Denver, and Sister Metzger, of Quinter, 

kindbj consented in Lead in the ^nig service, which was 
greatly appreciated. 

On the whole, the meeting was inspirational and will 
count for lasting good in the work here. 

On Sunday before Thanksgiving we enjoyed a thanks- 
giving service, in which all took part. Even the children 
l. .Id for what they were thankful. In the evening we met 
in a love feast and communion service. The evening be- 
fore, we met in the home of two aged members for a 
communion service. Nov. 28 a young man was received 
into fellowship through baptism. 

Our young people are preparing a program, to be ren- 
dered on Christmas night. Much interest and activity 

ate manifested through the different organizations**? the 

church. Generous offerings have been lifted for China 
and Near East Relief. Bettie R. Crist. 

Colorado Springs, Colo. 


We arc closing one of the most successful years in 
the history of the Muncie church. During the year we 
held two series of meetings. Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of 
Covington, Ohio, was with us in February, and Bro. John 
R. Snyder, of Bellctontainc, Ohio, in November. We 
had splendid interest and good results in both meetings. 

The interest in our Sunday-school and church services 
is growing and it is quite evident that we need more room 
to accommodate the increasing needs, We have added 
to our number forty by baptism, one awaits the rite; five 
were reclaimed and twelve were received by letter. We 
have lost three by death and two by letter. 

We had a very interesting and impressive Thanksgiving 
service. Our thank-offering of $48 will go to the China 
Famine Fund. Our church convened in council Dec. 2. 
Brethren V. B. Browning, L. L. Teeter and A. C. Priddy 
were with us. Bro. Geo. L. Studehaker was chosen elder 
and pastor for another year. Bro. J. O. Winger, a teacher 
in our High School, was elected to the ministry. He and 
his wife were duly installed. Bro. Floyd Bowman has 
been chosen Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Katie 
Roger, church correspondent and "Messenger" agent: 
Brethren J. O. Winger, John E. Roger, Mark E. Stude- 
haker and Chas. Fisher, trustees; Bro. Esta Arnold, church 

Dec. 12 our pastor, Bro. Geo. L. Studehaker, preached a 
very impressive sermon from the subject, "The Search 
for Christ." An invitation was extended and three came 

We will soon begin another year's work. In our united 
efforts we arc trusting and hoping for glorious results. 
Mrs. Mark Beall. 


Your District Mission Board wishes to express its 
appreciation for your help, given during the year to 
which we are now bidding adieu. 

At the District Meeting of 1919, the District Mission 
Board presented the great needs of the District, and 
asked that $15,000 a year be raised for the next two 
years, to build a churchhouse at New Philadelphia; and 
to carry on the other necessary work. This was approved 
by District Meeting. The first fiscal year closed Aug. 28, 
1920. During this year most of the churches responded 
nobly, while a few failed to give their support. The first 
fifteen thousand dollars were about raised. 

Plans were laid to erect a churchhouse in New Phila- 
delphia, but the work was hindered at times on account 
.,f a -a arcity of material and labor. The house is now 
finished, however, and stands as a credit to Northeastern 
Ohio. The Board was compelled to borrow the money 
that is t<> lie raised during the next fiscal year, to finish 
•lie pavments on the new churchhouse. 

We now appeal to yqu as churches. Sunday-schools. 
Aid Societies, and individuals, to help us to lift this in- 
debtedness as speedily as possible. 

At our last District Meeting it was decided that each 

local church raise her own budget, without the Board 

sending out a solicitor, so. in sending in your offerings, 

(Continued on Page 14) 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1921 


The ■ annual Ministerial Meeting of the 

District of Pennsylvania was held .it Palmyra, 
i he weather was pi. ass r»l 

; was the opening i ■■ (ion, \ ei mon 
i Gl Church," was d< liven 'I by i' Id F inl 

■ : Pa. 
The hoi ;i 1 .1 al all of these meetings. The 

■.■I ■ Some pronouni - ■! 
this the best Ministerial Meeting thej ever attended. 

h nut in special council. The church 

enjoyed an inspiring: love feast Nov. 13, with a good 
attendance. Bro. B. I 7 . Petry, <.f Eaton, Ohio, officiated 
at the coi 1 nun ■ in 1 n ii 1 , 

inday morning Brethren I. N. Hoffer, of Eliza- 
beth town, Jacob Myer, of Hanover, D. S. Myer, of Bare- 
ille, and B. F. Pel rj . preai hed For us. 
On Sunday evening, Nov. 14, our revival services began 
intinucd until Dec. S, with Bro. Petry in charge. 
On the morning of Thanksgiving Day he preached a 
' ■ ng ' ' fl on. An offering of $43(5,45 was taken 

."■■ iii. Chinese sufferers. Bro. Petry labored earnestly 
in preaching the Word, His sermons were inspiring, 
encouraging and helpful to all, i>"t!i members and non- 
Bi hi preaching, be made a number of 

visits in the homes. Six were made willing to forsake 
low Jesus. Thi' church has enjoyed many 
rich things by reason of these meetings. The interest 
.1 .<n. 1 were splendid throughout the entire mect- 

Di 11 Bro. T K. 01, or, of Elizabethtown, save us a 

■ 1 ill on his trip and stay at Tokyo. Japan. On 

Sundji '11 1 riiiig he delivered a helpful senium. At 2 

IV m he gave a talk to men only. These meetings were 

.' ' j ill v. hi attendi d them. 

Elizabeth A. Blanch. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

mil en is ( I news fr( 

Bethel chunh met in council Dec 4. Bid. S. F. Sanger, of Empire 
■■, us. The Sunday- school .ind Christian Workers' officers 
were elected for nine months, so that our fiscal year will begin Oct. 1, 
instead of Jan. 1. Bro. J. A. Wyatt was chosen superintendent of 
lay-school, and Bro. Floyd Yearout, president of the Christian 
Society. The latter was also elected to the ministry and, 
with his wife, duly installed. The field' of service at this place is 
larger and we need mon- workers. There is abundant op- 
portunity here for missionary work. We were glad to have Bro. 
with us over Sunday. He preached both morning and even- 
ing. His sermon in the morning on the Old Testament was splendid. 
i. i considerable unrest in the community in regard to 
S Old Testament teachings, especially the Sabbath 'law. It 
i ■ ;p)ained so clearly even a child could understand. His 
.in. ..i. in t],, evening, on "Regeneration," was another treat.— Mrs. 
II J, M.D.mi.l, Cftowchilla, Calif.. Dec. 9. 
Empire.— Dec. 6 Bro. Ernest Van i man, missionary, gave us an in- 
L dure and a series of stcrcoplicon views on China. An 
taken for Chinese relief. Dec. 11 we convened 
uncil closing up the business of the year and arranging for 
rk the coming year. Bro. S. F. Sanger, who served as our 
elder during the past year, presided. Eld. Frank E. Miller gave us a 
rol ndid sermon just preceding the business of the council. The 
church had previously decided that all our business meetings be 
opened by a sermon from a text selected by the official board for the 
One certificate was granted. Church, Sunday-school and 
Workers' officers were elected, with Bro. Frank E. Miller. 
elder. The pastorate was also tendered Bro. Miller, but not feeling to 
mediate acceptance, a committee was appointed to confer 
with him- Olher officers are as follows: Church secretary, Bro. John 
r; trustee. Bro. N. S. Goodman; Sunday school superintend- 
■ Garfield Nine; Christian Workers' president. Sister Esther 
Welch; '■Messenger" agent. Sister Arizona Bashor; correspondent, 
r. Missionary and T. ini-._r.ince conymttecs. were also chosen. 
—J. W. Vetter. Empire, Calif.. Dec 17. 

Laton church met in council Dec 13, with Eld. D. R. Holsingcr 
presiding. Officers were elected ior Sunday-school and Christian 
Society, also teachers for the Primary Department. Sun- 
day-school superintendent, Br.. Hallie Coffman; Christian Workers' 
Bro. Lester Vaughn. Our Thanksgiving offering of $60 was 
sent to the General Mission Board for Chinese relief.— Mrs. Bessie 
AcUey, Laion, Calif., Dec. 17. 
MeFarland.— Nov. 25 we met in Thanksgiving and praise to our 
many blessings of the past year. Brethren 
J. Harman Stover and Andrew Bbckcnstaff addressed us in the morn- 
ing services. At noon a basket dinner was served, after which the 
rendered a short program. We were not unmindful 
and an off. ring of $202..1S was taken for the famine 
sufferers of China. Dec. 4 wc mei in council and elected church 
officers: Andrew BUcben staff, elder; T. M. Calvert, Sunday-school 
dent; Raymond Armantrout, church clerk and Christian 
president. Wc decided to retain Bro. Stover as pastor for 
another year. Dec. 9 Bro. E. Vaniman gave us an interesting illus- 
trated talk on .he mission work in China. An offering was again 
taken for ihc famine sufferer-, amour-ting to $18.68. Our Wednesday 
prayer meetings and Bible Study, conducted by Bro. Stover, 
arc very interesting and inductive— Jacob Nill, MeFarland, Calif 
Dec. 1J. 

Pasadena.— Due 12 officers were elected (or the Christian Workers' 
Soeiety, with Sister Effic Schrock, president Since our last report 
three more members have been received by letter. Our pastor is 
at home again, after being away in revival meetings. Our Ladies' 
ly meets for work every two weeks. " Wc recently held 
our election for the next year, choosing Sister Katie Myrcs. Presi- 
dent.— Ida B. Gibbel, Pasadena. Calif., Dee. 16. 
Patterson church met in regular council and elected officers for the 
year: Bro. M. H. Miller, elder: W. T. Wilkinson. Sunday- 
ndent; Bro, Vern Fink, secretary; J. M. Foil is. 
nger" agent; Sister Julia I'eiers. church clerk, and tli 
i .-i ■-:.[. A Teacher-training Class is to b.- b. I.I n, 
with our Wednesday evening prayer service. Our Sun- 
day-evening Bible Study Class continues to grow in interest and at- 
irc now studying Romans, Our pastor is planning 
lo give u» a series of sermons on " Woman's Ministry." also some 
chart lectures in the near future.— Mrs. Edna Wray, Patterson. 
Calif., Dec. 9. 

lUedley church enjoyed a love feast Nov. 13. Several were present 

from adjoining churches. Ministering brethren present were G. S. 

officiated, Bro. Sam Noll, of Lindsay, and Bro. Ira Fox. 

ol Fresno. At the afternoon session an election for two deacons was 
held. Brethren Seth Keller and Karl Van Fleet were chosen and in- 
stalled. Thanksgiving Day an offering nl $196.40 was taken for the 
Chinese sufferers. We just closed a two weeks' revival service, con- 
ducted by Bro. Geo. Mishlcr, who gave us fine Gospel sermons, 
which all the members enjoyed. Attendance was not as large as we 
wished, but the members were built up spiritually. One renewed her 
covenant and, was restored to church fellowship. Dec. 11 we met in 
council and finished the election of church officers and granted two 
letters.— Elsie Weimcr. Rcedley. Calif., Dec. 15. 


Quontock.— This is a good country but we are the only family of 
Brethren living closer than 100 miles. Why won't some good live 
minister come here and locate, and some other members also? We 
arc quite isolated here. This is a good opportunity for the mission 
work.— Mrs. E. T. Riley, Qunntock, Sask., Can., Dec. 16. 


Rocky Ford.— Nov. 21 we gave an offering of $165.87 for faminc- 
Strickcrj China, Thanksgiving Day our congregation took part in a 
mi inn service, held in the Christian church. An offering was taken 
at this time for the needy of our home town. Dec. 4 we met in 
council, when officers for church and Sunday-school were elected. 
Pro. Roy Miller, formerly of this place but lately of Michigan, has 
returned to Rocky Ford and has kindly consented to preach for us 
and help otherwise until the committee is able to secure a perma- 
nent pastor. Bro. Miller was also elected elder for the coming year. 
Wc are planning a White Gift service for Christmas Eve and have 
decided to send the cash offering to the Chinese famine sufferers. 
The Rocky Ford church is helping to send a young minister to 
McPhcrson College, and recently made up $185 for this purpose. 
Dec. 11 Bro. W. O. Bcckncr, of McPhcrson, gave us an instructive 
lecture on the cigaret evil. He also preached for us on Sunday 
morning.— Blanche Frantz, Rocky Ford, Colo., Dec. 14. 


Washington City.— Since our last report (our letters of membership 
have been received, ten letters granted and one sister has been re- 
claimed, Nov. 28 the pulpit was filled by the home brethren, owing 
lo the ahsence of the pastor. At the close of the evening service, on 
Sunday, Dec. 12, a young lady was baptized. Our church met in 
council Dec. 14, at which time the following officers were elected: 
Elder, Bro. A. P. Snader. New Windsor. Md.; Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Bro. J. H. Hollinger; church clerk. Bro. C. E. Rcsser; " Mes- 
senger" agent, Bro. Suowden Lonberger; church correspondent, Mrs. 
J. II. Hollinger. In addition to the ahovc, various minor offices were 
filled, including four members on the hoard of trustees. We decided 
to organize a class (or the special purpose of instructing converts 
in church doctrine. A Bible Institute is to he held sometime in Janu- 
ary or February— the same to be conducted by Elders Wm. Kinsey 
and Ross Murphy, of New Windsor, Md. Wc established a Board of 
Religious Education, consisting of the Sunday-school superintendent, 
the President of the Christian Workers' Society, the Director of the 
Vacation Bible School and the Director of Missionary Activities. 
Bro. Win. Kinsey officiated in the installation and ordination of those 
who were not present at our previous council— these being inductions 
into the office of deacon and minister, respectively, and advancement 
to the eldership. Our building fund is steadily growing, and so is the 
attendance at our Sunday-school and church services. Our pasror 
is delivering a series of sermons each Sjiuday morning from the Book 
of Acts, on the early Christian church.— Mrs. J. H. Hollinger, 320 D 
Street, S. E., Washington, D. C, Dec. IS. 


Mt. Carroll.— Nov. 14 wc began a three weeks' revival service, in 
charge of Bro. Chas. Dclp. Each evening he preached powerful 
sermons. The interest and attendance grew until we had a well- 
filled house. All present expressed themselves as being much bene- 
fited. Five were baptized. Bro. Paul Sludebaker, pastor of the Hick- 
ory Grove church, conducted the song service, which was very much 
appreciated. Dec. 17 we held our business meeting, with Bro. J. M. 
Moore presiding, Wc elected our church and Sunday-school officers, 
with Bro. Robert Johnson, superintendent. We chose a committee to 
look after filling the appointments and to sec what could be done 
toward securing a pastor.— Anna Fierheller, Mt. Carroll, III., Dec. 20. 

Pine Creek.— On Thanksgiving Day wc had a service at II A- M. 
when our pastor preached a good sermon. Afterward a number 
gave short talks on special things for which they were thankful. 
At noon a fine dinner was served in the basement of the church. 
Lunches were sent to several homes where there was sickness. 
An offering of $50 was lifted, $20 to be used for charity in our home 
community, $20 for the Chicago Hastings Street Mission, $10 to 
send " Messengers " to some in our midst. On Sunday afternoon a 
few met in the home of an afflicted brother for a song and prayer 
service. Dec. 5 two of our Sunday-school pupils were baptized. 
Recently a number of us went in a body to two of our neighboring 
congregations where revival meetings were in progress. We be- 
lieve that this method of cooperation is of some value. We are 
going to send two comforters, vrith some other things, to Hastings 
Street Mission at Christmas. Dec. 11 a Ladies' Aid was organized, 
with Sister Fyock. President. Our regular business meeting was 
held Dec. 16, with Bro. J. W. Fyock, the pastor, presiding. Eld. 
S. S. Plum was also present. We decided to adopt a constitution 
for our Sunday-school. While this does not greatly change the 
management of the school, it puts it on a better working basis. Dec. 
19 we reorganized the Sunday-school with Bro. Ira Butterbaugh. 
superintendent. Our weekly cottage prayer meetings continue to be 
helpful and interesting: also the Mission Study Class. Last Sunday 
morning our pastor preached an exceedingly helpful 
" How Wc Lose Out."— Anna Butterbaugh, Polo, 111., Di 
^ Springfield Mission.— The Mission Board of Southern Illinois com- 
T mciiccd services in this city Sept. 1 in the way of a tent revival, 
conducted by Bro. J. C. Shull, of Chicago, and Bro. W. T. Heckman, 
of Ccrro Gordo. Mrs. J. C. Shull and Mrs. Etta Hayncs assisted in 
personal work, and Fannie Bucher, of Astoria, conducted the song 
service. Sister Haynes is located here permanently, and has charge 
of the Sunday-school work. Christian Workers' Meeting, etc. Other 
church activities have been' organized also, such as a Sisters' Aid 
Society and Mothers and" Daughters' Meetings. These services are 
very much appreciated and well attended. The Sunday-school has 
an attendance of forty-five. Sister Lora Wagner, of Virden, is assist- 
ing Sister Haynes for the present. As the people are very responsive 
and appreciative of the work that is being done, the future outlook is 
very promising. There are ten or more members living in the city 
at the present. Services are now being held at 306 East Ash Street, 
the pulpit being supplied by ministers from the adjoining churches, 
Until a resident pastor is secured. We are looking forward to the 
erection of a uhurvh in the near future.— E. E. Brubaker, Springfield, 
111., Dec. 18. m 

Yellow Creek church 
All officers for the c 

Kuhlcman, elder for six months; Bro. Wm. Eisenhour,-Sunday-sch. 
superintendents-Minnie Kuhlcman. Pearl City, 111., Dec. 16. 


Anderson.— Wc recently met in quarterly meeting. Quite a lot of 
important business was presented— so much so that it was necessary to 
adjourn to a called meeting, at which gathering the Sunday-school 
officers were selected for the coming six mouths. "Wc were favored 
last Sunday with two sermons delivered by Eld. G. Nevinger, of 
Hart. Mich., which were highly appreciated. Our aged Sister Sur- 
ber's luncral was held at the church last Wednesday. The services 
were conducted by Eld. Howard Martin, of Summitville, Ind. Owing 
to these reconstruction times, the church, with her various auxil- 
liarti s. finds many opportunities where help can be given.— Levi 
Wise, 1927 Jefferson Street, Anderson, Ind.. Dec. 18. 

Beaver Creek church met in council Dec. 11. with Bro. J. G. Stinc- 
haugh presiding. Wc also had- with us Bro. Bert Bridge, of Monti- 
cello, and Bro. Chas. Oberlin, o.' Logatisport. The membership was 
well represented. Two deacons were defied; Brethren Richard 

council Dec. 4 at the Pearl City house. 
year were elected, with Bro. August 

nblc and Harry Kcpp. Bro. Sliuehaugli talked lo us on Sunday 
ning and evening with good interest. V,. also took an offering 
for Chinese relief.-Sarah Halm. FrancesviUe, Lid.. Dec. 16. 

Baugo church met in special council Dec. 10, with Bro. If. S. 
Sowers presiding. The following officers were elected: Elder. Bro. 
H. M. Schwalm; Sunday-school superintendent. Bro. David Wisler; 
Christian Workers' president. Bro. Walter Wisler; "Messenger" 
agent. Bro. Arthur Schwalm; church correspondent, the writer.— 
Vinna Bowers, Wakarusa, Ind.. Dec. 2ft 

Cart Creek church met in council Dec. 19. with Eld. Obed Rife 
presiding. Eld. E. S. Brubaker was also with us. Bro. Rife was re- 
elected elder; Bro. Jesse Winger Sunday-school superintendent. 
Dec. 20 we had a short Christmas program and at the close of 
church services a Christmas treat. Some provisions and money 
were given to help others share the Christmas cheer.— Mrs. Emma 
Winger, Marion. Ind.. Dec. 20. 

Elkhart City church met in council Dtrc. 7. Officers were elected 
for the coming year, with Bro. Christian Metzlcr. elder; Sister Grace 
Cripe. clerk; Bro. Chas. Troup, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Sylva Ulery, Christian Workers' president; the writer. "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent. The church decided to have an Educational 
Committee, consisting of the pastor, superintendent and assistant. 
and three other members.— Mrs. L. M. Ulery. Elklir.rt, Ind.. Dec. IS. 

Goshon City church met in business session Dec. 8, and elected 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for the ensuing year. 
Our series of meetings, held by Bro. David Metzlcr, closed Nov. 14, 
followed by a communion service on Wednesday evening. Seven were 
added to the church during the meetings and two have been baptized 
since.— Mrs. F. E. Hess, Goshen. Ind., Dec. 19. 

Ke wanna church met in council Dec. 1, with Eld. Charles Oberlin 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. 
Jud Crabel, church clerk; Bro. Walter Gibhs, "Messenger" agent; 
the writer, correspondent; Bro. Hoover, Sunday-school superintend- 
ent; Bro. Geo. Cline, president of Christian Workers' Meeting. Bro. 
Oberlin remained and favored us with a good sermon on Sunday morn- 
ing. — Alhiua Henricks, Bruce Lake, Ind., Dec. 16. 

Lognnsport church met in council on Thursday evening, Dec. 16. 
The church saw fit to continue in office the same trustees, clerk, 
"Messenger" agent and church correspondent. The main Sunday- 
school officers were also reelected for 1921, with this change that 
Sister Chas. Oberlin was chosen as superintendent of the Primary 
Department. Bro. Garver was elected leader of the Senior Christian 
Workers and Sister Hunter of the Junior Christian Workers' Society. 
—Josephine Manna, 171.1 Buchanan Street, I,ogan=porl, Ind., Dec. 18. 

Loon Creek church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. D. W. Paul in 
charge. An election was held for deacons: Brethren John Bowman 
and Walter Owen. Installation services will be held later. Bro. 
-Evfcrctt Paul was elected Sunday school superintendent; Si=tcr Sarah 
Heaston, president of Christian Workers' Meeting. Sister Lucimla 
Zook was reelected for three years on the Temperance Committee. 
Bro. R. H. Nicodemus- was here Dec. 12, in the interest of Sunday- 
school work, and gave us two splendid addresses. Our Sunday-school 
is still growing. If we have an attendance of 100 each Sunday until 
the year is out. our average will reach over 100 for the year.— Mac 
Hoover, Huntington, Ind., Dec. 17. 

Monticello.— Nov. 27 a team of three, Bro. Arthur Scrogum and 
Sisters Ruth Forney and Olive Bagwell, of the Volunteer Mission 
Band of Manchester College, gave us a splendid missionary program. 
Nov. 3 Bro. C. A. Wright delivered a lecture on temperance and social 
purity. Dec. 5 Bro. Ross D. Gotscllall, of Hartford City, began a 
scries of meetings which closed last night. He preached in all six- 
teen sermons. While there were no immediate accessions, much good 
seed was sown. The attendance was good.— Orpha Bridge, Monti- 
cello. Ind., Dec. 20. 

Nappance church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. David Metzlcr 
in charge. The report of the membership for the past year showed 
a loss of twenty-eight by death and change of location, and a gain 
of twenty-four by baptism and church letter. This leaves a mem- 
bership of 264 at the present time. Reorganization for the ensuing 
year resulted in the election of the following officers: Elder, David, 
Metzler; "Messenger" correspondent. Fern Grosh; Sunday-school 
superintendent, John Metzler; Christian Workers' president, Ralph 
Miller. Various other officers for the Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Meeting were also chosen. Bro. David Metzler has con- 
sented to take up the work here as pastor. We are expecting Bro. 
E. F. Caslow to begin our revival meetings Jan. 9.— Pearl Grosh, 
Nappance. Ind. Dec. 20. 

Second South Bend church mil in council Dec. 10," with a goodly 
number present. Three letters were received. Bro. D. Cripe pre- 
sided. Officers for the coming year were elected as follows: Bro. J. 
W. Grater, elder; Bro. J. Egbert, trustee; Bro. A. Roose, writing 
clerk; Bro. S. Rouff, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. John Price, 
Christian Workers' president. Nov. 28 to Dec. 8, our revival meetings 
were in progress, in charge of Bro. J. W. Grater. Much good was 
done and his work was greatly appreciated. Three made the good 
choice and were baptized. — Mrs. Mae Pontius, South Bend, Ind., 
Dec. 20. 

Spring Creek.— Our Christmas program was given on Sunday even- 
ing, Dec. 19, and a large crowd wris present to enjoy it. The White 
Gift service was used and sixty-eight ^ifts were laid at the foot of the 
cross. A collection was taken for the Chinese sufferers,— M. Amanda 
Rusher. Sidney. Ind., Dec. 20. 

Walton.— A revival meeting was recently held al the Walton Mis- 
sion by Eld. Ira Krcider. of Bringhurst, Ind. He labored earnestly 
to renew the zeal of the members and to interest outside people in 
the Christian life. We had good-sized congregations. Thirteen strong, 
forceful discourses were preached, There was onv applicant for bap- 
tism/ The meetings closed with unabated interest.— Artenias Smith, 
Walton. Ind.. Dec. 16. 


Monroe County church met* in council Dec. 11, with Eld. D. II. 
Fouts presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. Fouts was re- 
elected elder for another year. Other church. Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' officers were also electee!. Nov. 21 an offering was 
lifted for the Chinese relief fund.-Melissie McMulin, Alhia, Iowa. 

Dee. 16. 


Gronola.-Dec. 4 Bro. L. G. Tcmpleton. of McCune, Kans.. gave us a 
temperance address and preached for us twice on Sunday. We have 
chosen Bro. Tcmpleton as our elder. Ifc has outlined a program for 
the coming year and our aim is to double our membership and increase 
the spirituality of the congregation. At the close of the Sunday 
morning service. Bro. Tcmpleton gave the invitation and two re- 
sponded, asking for baptism. Dec. 12 Bro. Temp let on again preached 
for us. At the close of the morning services two young men made 
the great decision. The future of the Grenola church is very hopeful. 
The oil boom is on in our community. Wc invite members looking 
for a new locality to pay us a visit.— Lydia McAnulty, Grenola, 
Kans.. Dec. 18. 

Larned (Rural).— Nov. 28 we enjoyed a social time and basket dinner 
at the church. A team of young people from McPhcrson College was 
with us. giving interesting and instructive programs in the morning, 
afternoon and evening. Al our Thanksgiving Day service a collection 
of $63 was taken for the famine sufferers of China. The church met 
in regular council Dec. 11, with our elder in charge. Church and 
Sunda^scbool officers were elected, with Bro, M. Keller, elder; Mollie 
Bock, clerk; Clyde Seitz. superintendent ..i Hie Sunday-school; New- 
ton Martin, president of the Christian Workers' Band.— Ica Marker. 
Larned. Kans., Dec. 16. 

Mont Ida church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. John Sherfy 
in charge. Two letters were grantrd and two received. Officers for 
the coming year were elected: Bro. Ralph Quakcnbush, elder; Bro. 
Lloyd Watkins. clerk; Bro. John Sherfy, correspondent.— Estella 
Watkins. Mont Ida. Kans.. Dec. 20. 

Osage.— Our communion service, which was lo have been held Oct. 
'-•. w.(, postponed until Nov. 1.?. A number of members were present 
and a spiritual meeting was enjoyed- Sister Emma Miller, of the 


Chanute church, waa the 01 
over Sunday and gave us 
school lesson, and the oiht 
Chicago ai that time. An 
nf the poor in city. 
and an offering of $30 was 
1(1 we met in business session, 
two members, one by death and 
Workers' officers were 

■ Me. 

siting member present. She remained 
ntcresting talks, one on the Sunday- 
Thanksgiving, and what was done in 
-ing o! 513 was taken for the benefit 
ices were held Thanksgiving evening 
:d (or Chinese famine sufferers. Dec. 
ce our last report we have lost 
e by letter. Sunday-school and 
writer was reelected 

ienger" agent and correspondent. The church decided to ^.. 
a Christmas gift to Sister Clark, who is an inmate of the Old Folks' 
home from this place. A solicitor was appointed to gather money 
from those who care to give toward rebuilding the church at Mt. 
Ida, which was destroyed by a wind storm this summer.— May Nich- 
olson, McCunc, Kans., Dec. 16. 

Parsons church met in council Dec. 
siding. There was election of officers 
Sunday-school superintendent, joe Am 
dent. Geo. Wall. The children gave 
gram— Mrs. H. E. Clark, Parsons, Kai 

, with Eld. J. S. Clark prc- 
i follows; Elder, J. S. Clark; 
r. Christian Workers' presi- 
:n excellent Christmas pro- 
., Dec. 18. 


Omaha.— Dec. 11 Capt. O 
ing the Devil with Fire." 
day-school. In the aftern 
night gave us an illustrati 
Sunshine and of Menace." 
efforts of the 

class of the Sunday-school. 
splendid up-to-date stereupticon, which v 
for illustrated sermons and lectures. Nev 
and the attendance at Sunday-school ai 
increase. The outlook at Omaha is moi 
any time since we came here— W. W. 131 

i O. Wiard delivered his lecture, " Fight- 
i Surt3ay morning he addressed the Sun- 
oon he lectured at the Y. M. C. A. and at 
cd lecture on "Japan, the Land of Need, of 
These lectures were made possible through 
h Seekers," the young people's organi 



ill be used at stated periods 
- interest has been awakened 
id church are on a healthy 
c encouraging now than at 
nigh, Omaha, Nebr., Dec. 20. 

Miami.— It has become a custom in this church to make Thanksgiv- 
ing Day one of special community interest. Our pastor, Bro. Ira J. 
Lapp, delivered an appropriate message, showing us our countless 
blessings and the awful nerd of famine-stricken China. As a response, 
$72.02 was lifted for Chinese relief. The Junior Christian Workers also 
contributed. After the service we enjoyed a basket dinner. The 
afternoon was spent in erecting a steel fence around the church 
grounds. This fencing was donated by the Royal Bible Class of young 
people. Another class, the " Comrades," young women, donated rub- 
ber carpet for the aisles. One of the most forward steps in our 
community is the adoption of a two-year course in Hebrew history 
in the curriculum of the Miami high school. One half unit is credited 
for this work, which is being taught on alternate days by our pastor. 
The study is most gratifying to the students and it is sure to be a 
great blessing to our young people. The Mission Study Class is com- 
pleting " New Life Currents in China," under the leadership of our 
pastor. Our Sunday-school has been reorganized with Bro. F. W. 
Gibson, superintendent. We arc using graded instruction in all de- 
partments of the school, except four adult classes. — Sarah Ulrey Eller, 
Springer, N. Mex., Dec. 16. 

Berthold church met in special council Dec. 3, with Eld. D. T. 
Dierdorff presiding, assisted by our elder, Bro. D. M. Shorb, of 
Minot, N. Dak. It was decided that our pastor, Bro. Jos. D. Reish, 
be ordainod to the eldership. The charge was given by Eld. Dier- 
dorff. The attendance am! interest at our regular services has some- 
what increased of late, owing partially to the beautiful fall and 
winter weather we have been enjoying. The work of our Aid 
Society is quite encouraging, as seemingly all are willing to do 
their best. A Thanksgiving dinner was prepared by the Aid Society 
members and given in the churchhouse, after which a program was 
rendered under the auspices of the Aid Society. — Margaret M. Reish, 
Berthold, N. Dak., Dec. 14. 

New Roc Word.— Since organizing our Sunday-school, in May. 1920. 
we have had an average attendance of forty and a steadily growing 
interest. On every other Sunday Bro. Alfred Krcps, of Barlow, N. 
Dak., has charge of our preaching services, which is a great help to 
our Sunday-school. A Sunday-school picnic was held in Sully Park in 
August, with an attendance of eighty-live. Our regular Sunday-school 
services were held and every one had a very enjoyable time. At the 
close of a two weeks' series of meetings, conducted by Bro. J. R. 
Smith, of Lincoln, Nebr., twelve were added to our number. Not 
having a church of our own. our services arc being held in the 
German Reformed church of this city. If the weather permits we hope 
to continue our Sunday-school through the winter months.— Erne 
Colony, New Rockford. N. Dak., Dec. 14, 

Sykeaton.-Tlic ministers of the fourth section of our District met 
in Carnngton, Dec. 16. This was the second time we had planned a 
conference since the last District Meeting— the other one being 
called off on account of the busy season. Our part of the District 
-| churches and seven ministers, five of whom were 


Accident.— Brother and Sister D. F. Warner, of Lowell, Mich., have 
had charge of the work here since October, and we hope they will 
consent to remain with us for some time. Sunday-school was re- 
organized Nov, 28, with Sister Warner as superintendent. Since our 
pastor has been with us we have organized a Christian Workers' So- 
ciety, which is progressing splendidly. We also have a Teacher- 
training Class, consisting of thirty students, with Bro. Warner as in- 
structor. Prof. Fletcher, of Blue Ridge College, is expected to be with 
us during the holidays, to instruct a music class. Wc are anticipating 
the building of a new churchhouse the following year.— Bertha Spoer- 
lein, Accident, Md., Dec. IS. 

Peach Blossom.— We met in council Dec. 3, with a good attendance, 
and Eld. Wm. E. Sanger presiding. New officers were elected for the 
coming year. One deacon was chosen and installed— John L. Geib. 
On Thanksgiving Day a collection of $46.29 was taken, also $13.40 
from the Sunday-school for the Chinese sufferers.— Jacob H, Geib, 
Cordova. Md,, Dec. 20. 

Pipe Creek congregation has just closed a very interesting series of 
meetings. Nov. 21 wc began a song and devotion service, better to 
prepare us for the meetings. Nov. 28 and 29 Eld. Jos. Bowman, of 
Union Bridge, preached for us, followed by Eld, Levi Garst, of 
Virginia, who for thirteen days gave us the Word with power. Four 
made confession. Sister J. J. John led the singing, which was much 
appreciated by all. Her careful selection of suitable hymns was very 
helpful.— Ida M. Englar, Uniontown, Md., Dec. IS. 


Maxilla church met in members' meeting Dec. 4, with Bro. J. E. 
Joseph presiding. Church officers for the coming year were elected, 
with Bro. Joseph, elder; Bro. L. A. Ebey, clerk; Bro. H. A. Weller, 
pastor; the writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent.— Vera 
Gorham, Copemish, Mich- Dec. 21. 

Thornapplc church enjoyed a very pleasant Thanksgiving service, 
conducted by the home ministers. An offering of $100 was given by 
the church and Sunday-school for the China sufferers. Dec. U the 
following brethren were elected as church officers for the coming year; 
Elder in charge, Bro. P. B. Messner; church clerk, Wm. Smith; mem- 
ber of committee for securing evangelists, Harvey Rowland. A mem- 
ber was also chosen to serve on the committee of the six associated 
Sunday-schools, to arrange for the joint Sunday-school Convention 
and Bible Institute, to be, held in 1921. It was also decided to hold 
our midweek prayer meetings in the homes during the winter months. 
—Grace E. Mtssner, Lake Odessa, Mich., Dec. 14. 

Zion congregation met in business session Dec, 18, with Eld. W. 
II. Good as moderator. Four members were received into the church 
by letter. The following officers were chosen: Bro. Samuel Bowser, 
elder in charge; Bro. D. A. Moats, clerk; Sisters Helen and Vera 
Moats, Missionary Committee; Bro. Leighton Moats, " Messenger " 
agent; Brethren Oscar Mason and Milton Hosteller, Temperance 
Committee; Bro. M. L. Moats, superintendent of the Sunday- school; 
Bro. John L. Van Meter, president of the Christian Workers' Society; 
the writer, correspondent.— Neva Martindale, Prescott, Mich., Dec. 20. 

Zion.— The work at this place has been progressing very nicely 
since our last report. A short program was rendered on Thanksgiving 
Day mostly by the younger members. Afterward an offering of $72.10 
was taken for Chinese and Near East Relief work. Wc are planning 
to have a period of Bible Study between Christmas and New Year's 
Day, and arrangements have been made for securing an instructor. — 
Neva R. Martindale, Prescott, Mich.. Dec. 11. 

Shoal Creek church met in council Dec. 11. with Eld, W. R. Arga- 
bright presiding. We elected the lollowing officers: Bro. W, R. Arga- 
bright, elder; Bro. Harvey Harter, trustee; the writer, "Messenger" 
agent and church correspondent; Bro. Harvey Harter, Sunday-school 
superintendent. We decided to have Bro. Lester Fike, of Chicago, 
hold a series of meetings next August. We also decided to put in a 
call for Brother and Sister O. H. Austin for a meeting in 1922.— 
Virgie Argabright, Fairview, Mo., Dec. 13. 

discussed, and wc feel 

eting will be held in 

Flora, Sykcgton, N. 

present. Many ques 1 

that the time was well spent. Our next 
Carrington on Thursday, March 31.— Earl 
Dak., Dec. 17. 


Ashland (First Church).—" Give ye them to eat." It was fitting 
that the appeal of China's starving ones should be responded to on 
the very day when Christ's loving command came to ua in the 
Sunday-school lesson. With the exception of twenty dollars from the 
Aid Society, the various classes of our little Sunday-school raised 
the sum of $167.29. Just previous to this offering the sum of $115.25 
was forwarded to the Winona Lake Auditorium building fund. Wc 
are encouraged. Where the spirit of giving is, the spirit of stead- 
fastness in faith is vitally present as well. To him who broke and 
blessed the "bit" by the Sea of Galilee be all the praisel As an 
accompanying inspiration of this good, helpful occasion Bro, Chas 
Helm, of Ravenna, Ohio, broke the Bread of Life to us in his clear 
and instructive way.— Oma Karn, 908 Orange Street. Ashland. Ohio. 
Dec. 20. 

Bellefontaine.— Wc just closed a very interesting evangelistic cam- 
paign, conducted by Bro. J. L. Mahon. Five were added to the fold, 
and we feel that the church has been very much built up. Wc closed 
with a love feast Dec. 6, at which Bro. Mahon officiated. Wc had our 
regular council Dec. 9, at which Bro. E. E. Eshelman presided. The 
following officers were elected: E. E. Eshelman, elder; James Tamplin, 
Sunday-school superintendent. Eight were received by letter.— Mri 
Bearl B. Kaylor, Bellcfontaine, Ohio, Dec. 16. 

Covington.— The church here is growing in numbers steadily. The 
members are working together with a will. The opening exercises 
of our Sunday-school have been given over to the various Sunday- 
school classes. This has added new interest, and helped some of us 
to come early. Our primary department is in charge of Sister Ethel 
Manning, who has had special training as a primary teacher. It is a 
rather remarkable program they give. These little ones recite Scrip- 
ture verses in concert— almost entire chapters. They arc so happy 
in their rooms that the attendance is large. Our love feast was the 
best we ever had. All members were there who <ould possibly come. 
Eld. Miller, from Hagerstown, officiated. All seemed to feel that it 
is a precious privilege to come to the Lord's table, to commune with 
him and with each other. Wc hope to do more for him in the coming 
years.— Elizabeth Rosenhergcr Blough, Covington, Ohio, Dec. 15. 

Dayton.— At a recent business meeting Harry McPheraon was re- 
tained as superintendent; C. A. Garber was elected "Messenger" cor- 
respondent. Our love feast, Nov. 27, was well attended, at which time 
Bro. Otho Winger came to us. Nov. 28 he addressed us in the after- 
noon and evening. Dr. E. W. Halpcnny, of Chicago, addressed us in 
the morning. A dinner, was served for all. Our pastor is conducting 
a ten days' scries of evangelistic services. Four have accepted Christ. 
Dec. 4 and 5 Bro. M. G. Brumbaugh gave two addresses to eager audi- 
ences. A Christmas cantata will be rendered by the choir on Christ- 
mas Eve.— Mrs. Isabel McPIutsoii, Dayton, Ohio, Dec, 13. 

Fostoria.— Those who attended the Ministerial Meeting at Lima, 
Ohio, from Fostoria, were L. 11. Dickey, J. C. Witmore, J. C. Krabill. 
0. H. Warstler and wife, J. C. Warstlcr and wife. About forty of 
the ministers of Northwestern Ohio were present. Sister Lydia 
Snell. of the Fostoria congregation, passed from this life. Services 
held by the writer at the Old People's Home, of which place she 
was a member.— O. H. Warstlcr, Fostoria, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Ft. McKinley church met in council Dec. 8, with Eld. D. M. Garver 
presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers for the coming year 
were elected: Bro, Carver, elder; Bro. Holler, Sunday-school super- 
intendent. Nov. 23 Bro. Miller preached a Thanksgiving sermon, 
following which an offering of $151 was taken for Chinese relief.— 
Mrs. Jesse L. Albert, Dayton, Ohio. Dec. 18. 

Jonathan Creek church nut in council Dec. 18, with Eld. E. B. 
Bagwell presiding. Two letters were granted. Officers were elected 
as follows: Trustee, Bro. Jacob Klingler; clerk, Bro. Marion Leck- 
rone; " Messenger " agent, Bro. Homer Leckronc; corresponding 
secretary, the writer; Sunday- school superintendent, Bro. Maurice 
Leckrone. The Missionary Committee was continued for another year, 
also was retained. Our Pastoral Committee is 




lister to locate 
een filling our appointments for several 
nuch appreciated. Dec. 19 an offering of 
linesc famine fund, including some we 
some time ago.— Mary H. Snider, Thorn- 

$153.38 was taken for the 
had on hand; $18.06 was set 
ville, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Ludlow church me; in council at the Pitsburg house Dec. 11. Breth- 
ren Irvin Baker and J. W. Ikcnberry were chosen Sunday-school su- 
perintendents for the coming year; Sister Bright and Sister Jobes, 
officers of the Christian Workers' Society. The church and Sunday- 
school are using different methods in securing funds for the Chinese 
sufferers. Several classes have done commendably in the work. — 
Mrs. J. C. Bright, Arcanum, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Marble Furnace church met in council Dec. 16. A goodly number 
were present. We have an evergreen Sunday- school. We are rejoic- 
ing in the new life that has existed in our ranks during the past 
year. The membership has more than doubled. We have decided 
to use the single envelope system in our church work. Bro. Ross 
Davidson filled our appointments while Brother and Siatcr Wright 
were away holding meetings. His services were highly appreciated. — 
L. C. Ramsey, Peebles, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

May Hill church held a regular members' meeting Dec. 17, with 
Bro. Van B. Wright presiding. Our Sunday-school will omit services 
during January, February and March, hoping for still the same 
splendid interest to resume in the spring. The church is painted, 
papered and roofed. Bro. Wright preaches for us every Sabbath 
afternoon while not engaged in revival work.— Margaret T. Gorman, 
Seaman, Ohio, Dec. 2C. 

Middle District church met in council Dec. 9, with Eld. Claude Cop- 
pock presiding, assisted by Eld. S. A. Blessing. Eld. Minnich, of 
West Milton, and Eld. John Coppock, of West Charleston, were pres- 
ent. Officers were elected for the coming year, with Bro, J. E. 
Coy, Sunday-school superintendent. Our elder, C,„V. Coppock, left 
Dec, 15, for Newtonsville to preside over the Stonelick council.— 
Harry Hcitzman, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 16. 

Painter Creek church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. Lawrence 
Krcider presiding. Elections were as follows: Clerk, L. E. Four- 
man; Sunday-school superintendent, Roy Honcyman; president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Levi Minnich; President of Aid Society, 
Susie Minnich. Bro. Van B. Wright will assist us in a scries of meet- 
ings at the Painter Creek house the latter part of January. We 
were glad to have our elder, Wm. Roycr, with us at our meeting. — 
Martha Minnich, Greenville, Ohio, Dec. 20. 

Poplar Ridge congregation met in the Defiance mission for the quar- 
terly business meeting on Saturday, Dec. 11, with Eld. John Flory pre- 
siding. About all the business to be disposed of was tbe election of 
officers for the coming year. Bro. John Flory was again chosen as 
our elder. Brethren Orville Noffsinger and Sippte as Sunday-school 
superintendents. The Missionary Committee was changed, so that there 
will be one from the south house, one from the north, and one from 

the mission, the new committee being: Preston Sanger, Lcnnic Noff- 
singer, and the wr.ter. On Sunday following was the close of a re- 
vival meeting by Bro. J. W. Norris, of North Manchester. It was 

m^u'^V" Br °' N ° rris al " J wifc wcrc wilh U S ^O weeks, and 

the Word was preached with power. As a direct result of the meet- 
ing ten were baptized, one reclaimed, and one awaits the rite. It 
2U 3 i? ,m . prelslv . c 8 « nc ^n ^e new members were taken into the 
S^i , 2**2 rnembe "h.p then rose, to renew their covenant 
with the Lord. Many others seemed near the Kingdom, but Bro. 
worns could stay no longer, because of ofticr appointments. The 
members of the north house, where the cyclone destroyed the church 
last spring are still worshiping with the Mission, but wc hope to 

nZLv? ° !?'«■. -^ f0r SCrviccs in thc ncar ^re-Nora E. 
Bcrkcbilc, Jewell, Ohio, Dec. 13. 

Strait Crwk church met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. Van B. Wright 
presiding He spoke on "The Christian Worker." We will continue 
our Sunday-school throughout the year. Wc decided to use the en- 
ve ope system of finance at this place. Our Sunday services will be 
held in the forenoou during January and February, In Bro. Wright's 
absence in a Bro. R, C. Davidson filled thc appointments.- 
Senuh R. Setty. Spring, Ohio. Dec. 20 

us^Dec"^ 11 : ddC \ C - V " ? P 5° ek ' ° f Ti PP- a "<" City, came to 
us uec lb and renamed over Sunday, preaching each evening. Dec. 
18 we held our council meeting. Officers (or the Sunday-school were 
elected, with Sister Sarah E. Grossnickle, superintendent All were 
much .nterested in Bro Coppock's blackboard illustrations on the 
subjects of The Parables." and " The Seven Churches of Asia."- 
Mary S. Carr, Newtonsville, Ohio, Dec. 20. 
Upper Twin church met in council at thc Wheatville house. Dec. 2 

luril ?? h0 ' d " 3enes , ° f mucli "8 a " ">c Wheatville house 

during the coming suramcr-thc evangelist to be announced later 
i L '', ria | t , ma , s P™*™ wa 8 arranged for Christmas night at the 
Wheatville house.-Lucy E. Kiracofc. Gratia, Ohio, Dec 14. 

West Milton church met in council Dec. 16. with Eld S A 
Blessing presiding. Four letters were received. The church treas- 
urer and clerk wcrc reelected. Thc minor officera of the Sunday 
school wore appointed. Bro. Howard Dohner having been 'elected 
superintendent at a previous meeting. It was decided that the 
church clerk act as corresponding secretary. Recently thc first 
number of our scries of lectures waa given, by Bro. M. G. Brum- 
baugh and we are eagerly anticipating the future lectures. Dec. 
II the tmmsters of the Southern District of Ohio, accompanied by 
:oud conference at the church here.— 


, Ohio 

Zion Hill.-Our Thanksgiving offering for the Chinese Relief fund 
amounted to $127.98. Old garments are being gathered, and aew ones 
W R.?i t a "- M's? 10 "*" S °""y '<"" either Russian or Near 
Last Relief. A special Lhnstmas program is being prepared which 
■» to be given Sunday evening, Dec. 26.-Naomi Miller, Columbiana 

Ohio, Dec. 14. 


Albany.-This year has been a progressive season for the Albany 
church in many ways. While there were no accessions by baptism, 
a goodly number have been received by letter. We realize that the 
time is near at hand when wc should have a larger building and are 
making plans accordingly. We held our council Dec. 11, with Eld H 
presiding. Bro. Ritter has faithfully aerved thc Albany 
capacity of elder for a number of years. Eld. E. W. 
elder in charge lor the following year. Bro. 
Dec. 12, and impressed us with the thought 
very valuable and efficient force in the 
bany, Oregon, Dec. 14. 
:il Dec. 

church i 
Pratt was chosen as 
Ritter preached lor 
that Christian influence 
world.— Victor O. Whitm 
Myrtlo Point • 

follows; Bro. Thos. Barklow, cldei 
superintendent; Bro. Louis Root, 

Officers were elected 


tbe General Mis 
holidays, will be 
ligious survey w 
make no profes: 

: people 

Bro. J, A. Hart, Sunday-school 
jperintendent of the Christian 
iing; me writer, ■■ Messenger " agent and correspondent. 
Ihrec letters have been granted, three have been received, and one 
was received into the church by baptism. On Rally Day union 
services were held in thc Brethren church, also on Thanksgiving 
Day. Dr. Anderson, of thc Presbyterian church, delivered thc 
Thanksgiving message. The services on both daya were well at- 
tended and much enjoyed by all. We now have our Sunday-school 
rooms finished, so they may be used, which is a great benefit to our 
school.— Rachel Michael, Myrtle Point, Oregon, Dec. 15. 

Weston.— We met in council Dec. 11, electing church and Sunday- 
school officers for the year, with Bro. John Bonewitz, elder; Bro. E 
E. Tucker, clerk and treasurer; Bro. J. D. Miller. Sunday-school 
superintendent. Christian Workers' officera remain the aame. Special 
efforts are being exercised in the Cradle Roll and Home Departments, 
with encouraging results, under the direction of Siaters Nannie 
Miller and Hulda Met*. Dec. 5 an offcriog of $27 was taken lor 
ion Board. Our evangelistic meetings, during thc 
onducted by Bro. J. M. Barnhart. In taking a re- 
find a population of 550 and more than one-fifth 
on— a large majority of them heads of families 
■ominationa that have regular worship, but many 
not attending the churches, even those professing. 
Conditions in town and surrounding country afford many oppor- 
tunities for speaking a word for the Kingdom. Thc need for more 
workers is keenly felt, this being thc only Church of the Brethren 
in sixteen counties in eastern Oregon. It ia encouraging to see the 
earnestness and faithfulness of the few here.— Vcrtie M. Myers, Wes- 
ton, Oregon, Dec. 17. 


Annville.— Two have been baptized since our last report. Thanks- 
giving servicca were held at the Annville houac. Our home min- 
ister preached the sermon. An offering lor thc Chinese relief fund 
was taken. Nov. 27 we began a series of revival meetings which 
closed Dec, 12, in charge of Bro. Nathan Martin, of Lebanon. The 
attendance and interest were good. Two accepted Christ.— Fannie 
K. Longcneckcr, Annville, Fa.; Dec. 20. 

Claar.— Since the last report one has been received into the church 
by baptism. Practically all our young folks belong to the church 
and Sunday-school and come into thc church as fast as they come to 
the age of accountability. The past year was a prosperous one for 
Claar church. We have repaired our churchhouse, fenced the ceme- 
tery, permanently established thc lines of the church property, and 
otherwise improved the surroundings, so that everything Is in better 
shape now than ever before. Our memorial services, on May 30, 
were a great success; our series of meetings, by our former pastor, 
Bro. E. G. Dichm, was a great treat. Church, Sunday-school and all 
church activities have prospered during the year. Our officers for 
1921 are as follows: Presiding elder, F. C. Divcly; secretary, the 
writer; Sunday-school superintendent, Samuel Wcyant. Our church 
activities are all in the hands of the young people and it is gratifying 
to know how much better they can do things than the older ones. 
We have an evergreen Sunday-school. Wc have Sunday-school at 
9:30 and preaching at 10:30 every Sunday. The outlook for Claar 
church is good.— E. F. Claar, Klahr. Pa.. Dec. 16. 

Dunning* Creek church met in council Dec. 11, with a fair attend- 
ance. We elected officers as follows: Elder, Bro. T. B. Mickel; sec- 
retary, Bro. John Rogers; " Messenger " agent, Jesse C Smith; 
correspondent, the writer. One letter was received.— Julia M. Smith. 
Springhope, Pa., Dec. 16. 

Everett.— Dec. 16 Bro. C. C. Ellis, of Juniata College, stopped with 
us on his return from the Teachers' Institute at Bedford, Pa., and 
gave us one of bis splendid sermons. Bro. John C. Baker, who had 
been elected to the office of deacon during his absence in November, 
was installed at this time.— Nancy Lashlcy, Everett, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Falling Spring.— Our Thanksgiving service was held in the Hade 
meetinghouse on ' Thanksgiving Day. Bro. Harry R. Rolland, of 
Hagerstown, Md., preached a very able sermon, after which an 
offering was taken for the home church. Our series of meetings was 
held at the Shady Grove church. Bro. Adam Hollinger, of Readmg, 
Pa., who conducted thc meetings, could not come till Nov. 29, so we 
had Bro. Rolland begin on Saturday evening. He preached three 
very strong sermons. Bro. Rolland is thc District Sunday-school 
(Continued on Page 16) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 1, 1921 


CCOI " t d from Page 11) 

send them all through your local church, and the church 
mil receive credit on her budget. 

Now, while last year w?s a banner year for us to raise 
money, it. too, gave God an opportunity to prove himself, 
to open the windows of heaven and pour out a blessing 
upon us tMal. 3: 10). 

The need oi greater work in the District is imperative. 
There is a large, unoccupied field, and the cry comes to 
us, as it did to the Apostle Paul uf old: "Come over and 
help us." With your help we, as a Board, will freely do 
all we can to fulfill the teaching of Matt. 28: 19. 

District Mission Board: H. H. Helman, President; 
G. A. Cassel. Treasurer; M. M. Taylor, Secretary. 


The First Church gave a Thanksgiving program Nov. 
28 to a well-filled house. At the close, Bro. E. L. Eiken- 
bcrry made an earnest appeal in behalf of the Chinese 
sufferers, and a special offering was taken. We also 
gave our Sunday-school offering for that day, making a 
total of $43. We decided that our Sunday-school offer- 
ing of one Sunday in each month is to be used for mis- 
sionary purposes. 

We have just closed a three weeks' Musical Institute, 
conducted by Prof. E. L. Eikenberry. of McPherson Col- 
lege, which was very instructive and helpful to our 
church and community. At the close a program was 
given— "The Prodigal Son" in song and story— which 

I , njoved very much by all present. 

Our pastor, Eld. O. H. Feiler, has just returned from 
Northern Illinois, where he has been conducting a very 
successful evangelistic campaign. In his absence we had 
with us the following, who very kindly assisted us in 
carrying on the work here: Bro. Ray Culler, Bro. 
Howard Engle, Sisters Bertha Frantz and Marguerite 
Mohler, members of a Gospel Team from McPherson 
College, Bro. Eikenberry. of McPherson, also Eld. A. F. 
Miller and Bro. D. E. Flora, of our home congregation. 

For Christmas we will have a " giving program." Each 
Sundav-school teacher will prepare a basket and each 
pupil will bring some gift. The day before Christmas 
these baskets will be distributed among the needy of our 

community. Alicc Kint 

* m ■ 


As a member of your Temperance Committee, I am 
coming to you in the interest of " Temperance and Purity 
Work." f feel that much good could be done by a per- 
sonal campaign of the churches. 

Through the help of Bro. Merlin G. Miller, I am able 
to get a brothar to take up the work for us, in July, 1921, 
giving illustrated lectures, using views, giving two or 
three addresses at each place. 

I am very anxious that each church should consider 
this privilege at once, and let me know its wish at the 
earliest date possible. An offering would be expected. 

Yours in the interest of a better atmosphere, in which 
our young people may grow up into noble Christian men 
and women. G. I. Michael. 

Kenmare, N. Dak. 

for him to come, it was decided that our pastor should 
preach for us. We had been much in prayer for these 
meetings, and a goodly number of souls were led to 
Christ as a result. The membership continued in prayer 
meanwhile, expecting the blessing of answered prayer still 
more, when our brother should be able to come. 

God has been faithful to his promise, that he will an- 
swer the prayer of faith. With much power the Word was 
preached, and almost from the beginning of the meetings 
there were confessions. The people from miles around 
were interested to hear the truths of the Bible presented 
in Bro. Cassady's own striking manner. He warned men 
of the fearful doom of the lost, and held up Jesus as the 
sinner's only hope. One feature of the meetings, that 
proved helpful, were the sermons preached on the New 
Testament ordinances, as we practice them. People were 
made to feel that if a part of the ordinances are good, 
all would be better. These sermons also strengthened 
the ones who already believed in them. Others gladly 
accepted them as a part of their religious practices. 

There were forty-seven confessions. Thirty -six of these 
have been received into church fellowship by the rite of 
baptism. Two were received into fellowship by having 
been baptized by triune immersion, making thirty-eight 
additions to our congregation up to date. Others are 
awaiting the rite, and will be received soon. Sister Sara 
Freed, one of our own workers, led the song services. 

These have truly been uplifting days. We were made 
to feel that God is true to his Word, that he honors his 
people by answering prayer. Now wc are praying that 
the revival spirit we have enjoyed, for the past year, may 
continue throughout the years. Pearl Rodabaugh. 

Willi?mstown, Ohio, Dec. 13. 

1920. Edward Schnulle and Mae E. Watts.-F. E. McCune, Mt. Morris. 

Zbinden-Hcucr.— By the writer, at the parsonage, Dec. 2, 1920, 
Brother Benj. F. Zbindcn, of Cisna Park. 111., and Miss Margaret 
Hcucr, of Buckley. III.— J. \V. Kitson, Champaign, 111. 


The District Meeting of Western Colorado and Utah 
convened in the First Grand Valley church Nov. 25-27. As 
■jur District is quite small numerically, our meeting was 
not as largely attended, compared with other Districts, 
but a splendid spirit prevailed. 

The programs of the various auxiliary meetings were 
very interesting, especially an address by Eld. S. Z. Sharp, 
of Fruita, who gave us a brief history of Sunday-school 
work. He edited the first Sunday-school paper published 
by the Brethren church, at Ashland, Ohio, in 1883. He 
had a copy of the first edition with him. 

This District will send one query to Annual Meeting. 
Eld. H. C. Wenger will represent this District on the 
Standing Committee for the coming year. The District 
Meeting of 1921 will convene in the Fruita church. 

Grand Junction, Colo. Mrs. Roy H. Mohler. 


Esther Eliza Mansfield Crowe, eldest daughter of J. M. and Alice 
Mansfield, was born in Harrison County. Mo., April 11, 1868. In the 
summer of 1891 she united with the Church of the Brethren at the 
Willow Creek church, South Dakota, and from that date until the 
time of her death she faithfully served him whom she then claimed 
as her Savior. When twenty years of age, she married Emmet E. 
Crowe. There were seven daughters and five sons, all of whom 
survive except the oldest son, who died one year ago. There remain 
also her mother and one brother. 

So faithfully and patiently has she served her home, her com- 
munity, her church and her God, that not only her family feels the 
loss, but all who have had the privilege of knowing ber. We may 
well thank the Father for her example of cheer, devotion, faithful- 
ness and " meekness of spirit which is, in the sight of God, of great 
price." It is a blessed privilege to think of the words she repeated 
shortly before her death: " Father, into thy hands I commend my 
spirit." She died Nov. 11, 1920. at her home near Foley, Minn. Serv- 
ices by Rev. J, C. Auker and Eld. I. N. Wagoner. 

Raraey, Minn. G. R. Montz. 


Susie S. Shriner was born in Westminster, Md., Nov. 12, 1848, and 
died at the home of her daughter, the undersigned, in New Windsor, 
Md., Oct, 19, 1920, aged seventy-one years, eleven months and seven 
days. She was the daughter of John and Elizabeth (Lightncr) Englar, 
and the widow of Jasper C. Shriner. the latter departing this life 
Oct. 26, 1898. Immediately after her marriage, Oct. 8. 1867. she and 
her husband engaged in farming on the Shriner homestead, near Lin- 
wood, Md. To this union were born four sons and three daughters, 
of whom five survive. She resided near Linwood, on the farm, until 
more than a year after the death of her husband. In December, 
1899, she, with her two single children, moved to Waynesboro, Pa. 
Upon the marriage of her youngest daughter, in 1902, she made her 
home with said daughter until death. 

In May. 1914, her life was well nigh despaired of, but after having 
undergone a critical operation in a Baltimore hospital, she regained a 
sound, healthful body, notwithstanding her advanced age. At that 
time she was anointed and this, with the prayers of the righteous, 
wc surely believe contributed to the length of her life by more than 
six years. 

In her diary she records June 12, 1869, as the date of her spiritual 
birth, and since that date she has been a true and devoted member of 
the Church of the Brethren and a devout and consecrated follower of 
our Lord. For several years she resided with her daughter in Balti- 
more, where the latter's husband was formerly pastor of the Woodber- 
ry church. The records there show that she was a charter member of 
the Sisters' Aid Society— serving as president for two consecutive 
years, teaching the Senior Sisters' Bible Class of the Sunday-school, 
serving on various local committees and being a zealous and con- 
scientious supporter of the other interests of the local church. She 
loved her church and Lord, and was a daily reader and student 
of the Word. 

She is survived by two sons and three daughters, one brother and 
one sister. Services at the home of her daughter by Brethren Wm. 
Kinscy and R. D. Murphy. Interment in the Pipe Creek cemetery. 
Mrs. Susie C. Anthony. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty c* 
marriage notice may be applii 
sengcr ' subscription for the i 
be made when the notice is sci 

its required for the publication of a 
1 to a three months' " Gospel Mes- 
;wly- married couple. Request should 
t, and full address given. 


We have enjoyed another season of refreshing. Bro. 
John H. Cassady, of Huntingdon, Pa., came to us Nov. 
17, and remained with us until Dec. 5, preaching each 
evening to attentive audiences. On Sundays we had all- 
day services— Bro. Cassady preaching three sermons. He 
also preached a sermon on Thanksgiving Day. This was 
a special service, to which the various church people of 
the community were invited, to render thanks to God 
for his blessings. An offering was taken for the starving 
Chinese, and amounted to $119. 

For the past three years our congregation has been 
praying for these meetings. It has been praying that there 
might be an outpouring of the Spirit's power. Again and 
again Bro. Cassady was hindered in coming. We had 
planned for him a year ago. but when it was impossible 

Brewer-Brubaker.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Brother and Sister I. W. Brubakcr, Prairie City, Iowa, Dec. 
12, 1920, Brother Merlin Brewer, of Ivestcr, Iowa, and Sister Reba 
F. Brubakcr. of Prairie City, Iowa.— I. W. Brubaker, Prairie City, 

the horn 

of the bride's 
Iowa, Dec. 16, 
lilter. both lately of Wa- 

Bridgc- Miller .—By the undersigned, i 
parents, Brother and Sister O. C. Miller, 
1920, Brother Wm. Bridge and Sister Hazel 
terloo. Iowa.— W. O. Tannrcuther, Waterloo, Iowa. 

Booze- Meyera.— By the undersigned, Dec. 16, 1920, at the home of the 
bride's mother. Sister Helen Meyers, of Robins, Iowa, Everett F. 
Booze and Sister Ruth Meyers.— S. B. Miller, Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Fortner-UUery.— By the undersigned, at his home, Dec. 9. 1920, 
Brother C. L. Fortner, of Wichita, and Sister Zella M. Ullery, of Par- 
sons.— Q. D. Reed, Galesburg. Kans. 

Rho ads -Mont el.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Jacob Montel, Oct. 30, 1920, Brother Sher- 
man A. Rhoads and Sister Iva A. Montel. both of Claypool, Ind.— 
T. D. Butterbaugh. Silver Lake, Ind. 

Schnulle -W*-tt*-— By the undersigned, at his residence. Nov. 25, 


'Blessed are the dead which die in the Lord" 

Booher, Sister Sadie M., died in the bounds of the Glade Run con- 
gregation, Armstrong County, Pa., Nov. 14, 1920, aged 40 years, 7 
months and 7 days. She united with the church twenty-two years 
ago. She leaves her husband, six children, an aged mother, four 
brothers and two sisters. Services in the church by Bro. Irwin. In- 
terment in Glade Run cemetery.— Laura J. Bowser, Kittanning, Pa. 

Brown, Amanda, daughter of Jacob and Mary Bollinger, born in 
Seneca County, Ohio, Jan. 9, 1842. died at the home of her son, Orton 
K. Brown, near Montpelier, Ohio. Nov. 23, 1920. She married Abner 
K. Brown in 1862. There were eight sons and two daughters. One 
daughter died in infancy and two younger sons after growing to man- 
hood. Services at the home by G. L. Mavis and Warick, ministers 
of the Progressive Brethren Church, of which she was a faithful 
member.— Barbara Newcomer, Bryan, Ohio. 

Brumbaugh, Jacob H., son of Samuel and Elizabeth (Rinehart) 
Brumbaugh, boi\» near Union. Ohio, died at his home at West Milton, 
Ohio, Dec. 7, 192J),.nged 79 years. S months and 16 days. Having come 
to manhood in his lather's home, he was united in marriage, Dec. 31, 
1863, to Margaret A. Weybright, of West Milton, his surviving wife. 
To this union ten children were born, eight of whom survive. Thirty 
grandchildren and five great-grandchildren also survive. Father 
Brumbaugh identified himself with the Church of the Brethren in 
October, 1875. He proved himself a faithful disciple and follower of 
the principles and teachings of the Master, to whose last call he has 
responded. In the early stage of his last sickness he requested the 
anointing, which was administered by his son-in-law, Eld. C. L. Flory, 
and Eld. Jesse K. Brumbaugh. Services at the West Milton church 
Dec. 10, by Elders D. M. Garvcr and S. A. Blessing. Interment in 
the Bethel cemetery, near the Salem church.— A. L. Gnagey, West 
Milton, Ohio. 

Co oka on, Bro. Robert Lee, born Jan. 31, 1363, near Uniontown, Md,, 
died Dec. 7, 1920, at Medicine Lake, Mont. In 1885 he married Sister 
Sarah C. Roop. There were three sons and three daughters. His wife, 
six children and one brother survive. He was elected deacon in 1910. 
serving until death with a spirit of Christian sacrifice and humility. 
Services in the Grandview church by the writer, assisted by Elders 
D. T. Dierdorff and D. M. Shorb. Interment in Grandview cemetery.— 
J. S. Geiser, Froid, Mont. 

Firestone, Sister Sarah, born in West Virginia, died at the home 
of her son, Bro. Nathan Firestone, Nov. 29, 1920, aged 83 years and 4 
months. She married Abraham Firestone in 185S. There were seven 
children. She is survived by one son and two daughters. Hers was 
a long and useful life. She was a consistent and devoted member of 
ihe Church of the Brethren for about fifty-three years. Services 
by the writer, assisted by Dr. D. M. Brower. Interment in Talent 
cemetery. — Hiram Smith, Ashland, Oregon. 

Fitz, I'.rma May, daughter of Brother David and Sister Iva Fitz, 
died in York Township, Dec. 4, 1920, aged S years, 5 months and 12 
days. Services at the Fairview house by Bro. Michael Kurtz, assisted 
by Eld. D. Y. Brillhart. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— E. 
H. Lehman, Dallastown, Pa. 

Folk, Calvin J., son of Jonas and Susan Folk, born in Grantsville, 
Md., died at his home in Akron. Ohio, Dec. 3, 1920, aged 58 years, 4 ' 
months and 24 days. In 1&92 he married Alice Glover. There were 
six sons and five daughters. He is survived by his wife, five sons, 
five daughters, an aged father, four brothers, and five sisters. Serv- 
ices in the home by Eld. A. H. Miller— Vcrna Diemer. Ellet, Ohio. 

Gochenour, Sister Elizabeth, daughter of Wm. and Mary Gochenour, 
born in Shenandoah County, Va., died at the home of her niece, in 
Rossville, Ind., Dec. 15, 1920, aged 84 years, 9 months and 8 days. 
She was the last of a family of seven children. When about twenty 
years old she united with the Church of the Brethren. She leaves a 
number of relatives. Services at the Church of the Brethren by the 
pastor, Bro. W. L. Hatcher.— Clara Metzger, Rossville, Ind. 

Greene, Sister Lizzie, born in Pennsylvania, Jan. 9, 1845, died at her 
home, Lewiston, Idaho, Dec. 12, 1920. She was stricken with paralysis 
about three years ago. She is survived by two daughters, three sis- 
ters and four brothers. Two sous preceded her. She was a faithful 
member of the church for fifty years, holding her membership for 
twenty -three years in the Nezperce church. ,Ser vices by Bro. Nis- 
wander. Burial in the Normal Hill cemetery.— Mattie E. Thomas, 
Nezperce, Idaho. 

HoUoway, Nellie, born in St. Joseph County, Ind., Aug. 29, 1887, died 
Nov. 25, 1920, following an operation for gall-stones. In 1907 she mar- 
ried H 1 . D. Holloway. There were three' daughters. She united with 
the Church of the Brethren seventeen years ago. Hers was a life of 
faith and trust. Services at the First Church of the Brethren, South 
Bend, by Bro. T. E. George, assisted by Bro. C. M. Yoder.— H. H. 
Helman, South Bend, Ind. 

Huey, Joseph Oscar, born near Rockton, Pa., Dec. 23, 1887, died at 
his home in Pittsburgh, Pa., Dec. 7, 1920. aged 32 years, 11 months and 
14 days. His death was due to pneumonia, after twelve days' illness. 
A widow and two small daughters survive, also a father, mother 
(Brother and Sister B. P. Huey), two brothers and three sisters. He 
was a member of the Millvale M. E. church, and at the time of his 
death a teacher in the Sunday-school. Services at the home by the 
pastor, and in the Mcunonite church, Rockton, Pa., by the writer. 
Interment in the near by cemetery.— J. B. Hollopeter, Rockton, Pa. 
Hull, Sister Mary Jane, daughter of James and Elenora Campbell, 
born in Baltimore County, Md., Jan. 1, 1848, died Dec. 7, 1920, aged 
72 years, 11 months and 6 days. She had suffered with cancer for 
several years, which was the cause of her death. The family moved 
from Maryland to near Jeffersonville, Ohio, in 1876. where Sister Hull 
has resided most of the time since. She united with the Church of 
the Brethren in 1882, and remained a faithful member until her death. 
Her husband died of cancer about a year ago. Services by the writer 
at the home of her granddaughter, Mrs. Edward Fent, of near South 
Charleston, Ohio, with whom she had her home for several years. 
Burial in Jeffersonville cemetery.— J. C. Inman, 734 W. Columbia 
Street, Springfield, Ohio. 

Ikenberry, Bro. J. F., born in Franklin County, Va., died at Greene, 
Iowa, Dec. 8. 1920, aged 89 years, 9 months and 3 days. He married 
Sister Elizabeth Moss in 1851. There were eight children. There 
are also forty-three grandchildren and eighty-two great-grandchildren. 
He saw the church organized at Greene in 1857, where he was elected 
as minister, ordained as elder in 1864, and had .charge of the church 
for thirty-six years. He performed his work honorably and gratui- 
tously during all these ysaxa. This closes the life of a good man, 
who had a great experience in the church and world. Services by 
the writer, assisted by the home ministers.— W. H. Lichty, Water- 

MUIer, Bro. A. J., born Nov. 19. 1862, died Dec. 5, 1920. He was for 
many years a member of the Church of the Brethren and held a 
number of official positions in the church. He believed most sin- 
cerely in the distinctive doctrines of the church. Services by the 
writer. Interment in the Miller cemetery.— J. L. Bowman, Stahis- 
town, Pa. 

Mow, Susie Elodc, died Dec. 13, 1920, aged 23 years. 1 month and 7 
days. She became a Christian early in life. II cr parents, one sister 
and a brother survive. — Lavonia Dean, Homeland, Fla. 

Shanour, Bro. Isaac Newton, born in Lagrange County, Ind., died 
at Wolcottville. Ind., Nov. 1, 1930, aged 67 -years. He married Lavina 





Huff in 1873. His wife preceded him Nov. 24. 1919. and his daughter. 
Sister Olive Woytr. Jan. 2, 193). Services by the writer in Wolcott- 
ville. Interment in Oak Ridge cemetery, Goshen.— M. H. Gcyer, 
Milford, Ind. 

Shellenberger, F.arl Eugene, infant son of Brother and Sister Chas. 
Shellenbergcr, died at their home in York County, Pa. ( Dec. 6, 1920, 
agi'd 8 months and 11 days. The father, mother, two brothers and two 
sisters survive. Interment in the Bermudian cemetery. Services by 
i he writer, assisted by Bro. C. H. Altland ami G. W. Harlaclicr.— O. 
W. Cook, Dillsburg, Pa. 

Simmons, Sister May, born Jan. 23, 1861. in Lagrange County, Ind., 
died Dec. S. 1920. She married Eli Simmons it. 1883. They united 
with the Church of the Brethren twenty-««ven years ago. Her hus- 
band preceded her twelve years ago. Her two brothers and four 
sisters also preceded her. Sister Simmons lived a Christian life. 
She leaves two daughters and five 'grandchildren. Services at the 
home of her daughter, Mrs. Jesse A. York, near Goshen, by the 
writer.— J. Harvey Schrock. Middlebury, Ind. 

Spencer, Ralph Irvin, youngest son of Bro. Delbcrt and Sister 
Augusta Spencer, of Cuyahoga Falls. Ohio, met death by drowning 
Dec 6 1920, aged 8 years and 8 months. He is survived by his par- 
ents and one brother. Services in the First Church of the Brethren. 
Akron, by Eld. A. H. Miller.-Verna Diemer. Ellet, Ohio. 

Starner Sister Elizabeth, born in Germany, died at her home, near 
Milford Ind.. Nov. 18, 1920, aged 76 years. She married Geo. Starner 
in 1864 She is survived by nine children and her husband. Services 
in the Bethel church, Milford, by Eld. VVm. Bussard. Interment in 
Milford cemetery.— M. H. Gcyer, Milford. Ind. 

Sylvester, Earl, Jr., son of Mr. and Mrs. Earl Sylvester died of 
Dec. 5, 1920, aged 6 months. Short services at the home 


■el La' 

leterjr,— Edna 

Church of the Brethren 
;emptary lite. Services in the 
:st Side cemetery.— H. Forney, 

by Bro. J. M. Shepherd. 
Norris, Fortville, Ind. 

Ulery, Susannah, daughter of Elias and Rebecca Busard died Nov. 
20 1920, aged 86 years, 4 months and 8 days. She married Levi Ulery 
in' 1852 There were five sons and three daughters. There are also 
fifteen grandchildren, seventeen great-grandchildren and two g 
great-grandchildren. She united wit 
many years ago and lived a faithful, 
West Goshen church. Burial in the \ 

C Warner," Henry, born at Hagerstown, Md.. died at his home near 
Panora. Iowa, Dec. 4, 1920, aged 77 years, 4 months and 6 days. He 
was the son of Henry and Christine Warner. He is survived by two 
brothers and three sisters. In 1862 he united wi'h t hc Church o ,he 
Brethren at Hagerstown, and was faithful unt. death. Services by 
the writer in the home church.-E. D. Ftscel, Yale, Iowa. 

Weaver, Sister Mary E., nee Mertz, born near Lewistown, Pa., died 
of cancer Nov 13 1920, at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Laurence 
wbells N. Dak., aged 76 years and 8 months. After her 
1869, to Isaac Reif. they settled on a farm in White 
c were two daughters and one son. Her husband 
1879 she married Eld. J. A. Weaver, who died in 

After the death of her husband 

La r sen, 

marriage, in 1869, 
County, Ind. Thei 
died in 1875, and ii 

1914. To this union was bor 

L made tor home with her two dau.hlcr.. Sh« «».t«d with he 
Church of the Brethren early in life and lived a faithful and consistent 
C Hstian life. Besides her four children she leaves ten grwdchil- 
d e. one great-grandchild, two sister, and one brother Service, 
ar the L.rsen home hy the undersigned, assisted by hid G. I M.chae . 
n m ,; ni ...,. r e liken to tlie o < home at Monticcllo, Ind., for burial. 
,^,= " "icrs were eonducled by Eld. G. B. H. Wag- 
oner, Kenmare, N. Dak. 
Widmoyer, John, son of David and Mary Widmoycr, born - 

Nappance, Ind., died Dec. 10, 1920, aged 30 years, 4 montr 
H- Lit?* with the Church of the Brethren at the age of 


He united with the Church ol 

eight ei 

J days 

: mother, one brother and two sisters.— 
David Metzler, Nappanee, Ind. 

«r-i «:...-.„ n HiuiThtcr of Isaac and Fannie Adams, born in 

OlSTedlThcrVmrn'e" Caypoo, Ind Nov. J« M920. aged 80 
years and 13 days. She married John B. Wil 
three sons, one daughter, one si; 
with the Church of the Brethren 

1870. She leaves 
id two brothers. She united 
1910. Services by the writer at 

.r'MeVhodisVlmurch, near Claypool Interment in the cemetery I 
:-:_: -p. D. Butterbaugh, Silver Lake, Ind. 



&& %.; iSo„S7r=,mn7se Je Wsplnsjr JBS - 

K^-f! res? asssftA ^s?&??$p 

™- T rl« W»"^'i;VeSrei-,^i,«' : 
, -lint Sel-relnry lor the Board. H. Spenser M.nnich, Elgin, 111. 

^"SMtSS W a h"|7\]e'e.Sf n^i,a^X: 

MmerlVeasoreV Moore, S.oii.'Va- General Secretary lor the Board, 
Merlin G. Miller. Elgin, 111. . 

n ion a Calif 

Hom.le,.' Children Committee-Frank Fisher £'"">«»'• s ££j: 
Ind.; P. S. Thomas. Secretary, Harrisonburg, Va.; E. E John Ireas 
urer McPht-rson, Kans. Advisory Member. Geo. C. Carl. 1125 Albiua 

Ee^by d ?&rv1S^ ; «'wSr CS tt£g 
Ind,- Mrs. John L. Runs, McPherson, Kans.; Jennie Brubaker., 

C Dre,» Reform Comruittee.-E M. Studehaker, Chairman. McPher- 

rr ln . . I I lohn Vice-Chairman, New Windsor, Md.; Lydia c. 

Tay'lo^ Seereiary-Trea'snrer, Mt. M..rHs. III.; Eva Tros.le. 3435 Van 
Buren St. Chicago; Mary Polk Ellenberger. R. D. 1. Skidmore, Mo. 

Tract Examining Committee.- J. P.M^. Chairman, La Verne. 
f-iLif ■ Fdcrar Rothrock, Secretary. Holmusville, Nebr.; E. B. Holt, 
1JM S Seventeenth I Ave.. Maywood. III.; Jas. M. Moore, Lanark, III.; 
T. T. Myers, Huntingdon. Pa. 

Music Committee.-Cora M. Stahly. Chairman. Nappanee. Ind.; B. 
F Wampler Secretary, North Manchester, Ind.; J. B. Miller, Treas- 
urer. Curryville, Pa. 

Central Service Committee.-W J. Swigart Chairman. Huntingdon, 
Pa.; J. M. Henry. Secretary, J37 N. Carolina Ave., S £.. Wash "Bton, 
D. C-; I. W. Taylor. Elizabethtown, Pa. Advisory Member, Chas. 1>. 
Bonsack, Elgin, III. . 

Relief and Reconstruction Committee.— J. E. Miller. Chairman Elgin, 
III.; H. Spenser Minnich, Secretary-Treasurer, Elgin. HI.; M. R. Zig- 
ler, Elgin, III. 

Conference Program Committee.-W. O. Bcckner Chairman Mc- 
Pherson. Kans.; G. A. Snider. Secretary, Lima, Ohio; J. A. Dove, 
Cloverdalc, Va. 

Officers of Sister«' Aid Socicty.-Mrs M. C. Swjgart, President 6611 
Uermantown Ave.. Philadelphia. Va.; Mrs Geo. L. Studehaker. Vice- 
Pr-sidtnt. Muncie, Ind.; Mrs. S. L. Whisler. Secretary-Treasurer, 
Milledgeville, 111. 

Auditing Committee.— E. M. Butterbaugh, Warsaw, Ind.; J. J. Oiler. 
Waynesboro, Pa. 

Member of Advisory Board of American Bible Society.— Albert C. 
Wieand. 832 S. Humphrey Avenue. Oak Park, III. 

General Railway Transportation Agent.— J. K. Miller, Cedar Rapida, 

Annual Meeting Treasurer.— J. R. Deeter. West Milton. Ohio. 

192 1 

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Official Organ of the Church of Iho Brethren 

Published weekly by Brclliren Publishing Mouse, R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 lo 24 S. State St., Elgin, III., nt $2.00 |..r annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscription .ifty cents extra.) 

D. L. Mil I.KR, Editor BDWABD FRANTZ, Office Editor 

l.. A, VL A II., Assistant Editor 

Entered nt the Postofflce at Elgin. Ill,, ns Scenml-flnss Matter. 
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Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 13) 

Secretary o/ Middle Maryland, and gave a twenty- minute talk to 
the Sunday-school at Shady Grove on Sunday morning. He is pre- 
paring to enter the evangelistic field, and churches in need of an 
evangelist in the near future shtuld correspond with him. Bro. 
Hollinger came Nov. 39 and continued the meetings till Dec. M, 
preaching eighteen strong. Scriptural sermons. The interest and 
attendance seemed to grow throughout the meeting. Bro. Hollinger 
visited in eighty-live homes while with us. Four young girls were 
baplizcd Dec. 12, An offering was taken at the different appoint- 
m hi for Chinese Relief. Bro. Aaron Newcomer, of the Antietam 
congregation, preached at the Browns Mill church today, which was 
much appreciated.— H. N. M. Gcarhart, Shady Grove, Pa., Dec. 19. 

Harmburg church met in council Dec 2, with Eld. W. K. Conner 
presiding. Two members were received by letter. We elected officers 
for the coming year, with Bro. H. K. Balsbaugh, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Katie Graybill, president of Christian Workers; 
the writer, church correspondent and " Messenger" agent. Our love 
feast was held Dec. 12. We were pleased to have with us our former 
elder, S. R. Zug, of Palmyra. He was elected elder when the Har- 
M I. in,; church was organised and served for a number of years. Dec. 
27 a Christinas program will be rendered by the Sunday-school. Some- 
time ago we took an offering of $21,82 for the Golden Gate Mission 
church, Calif.; our Thanksgiving offering for the Orphanage at Neffs- 
ville. Pa., amounted to §17.50; home missionary offering, $85; China 
famine fund, $205. Our church has supported Sister Nora Hollenbcrg 
in India (or the year 1920,— Sallie E. Schaffncr, Harrisburg, Pa., 
Dec. 13. 

Heidelberg.— Bro. Hiram Eshclman, of Rhecms, came into our 
congregation Nov. 13, and conducted a two weeks' revival at the 
Heidelberg house, preaching twenty sermons. Seven were baptized 
Dec 12. Our regular council meeting convened at Heidelberg Dec 
6, with Eld John Kerr presiding. Officers for Sunday-school were 
elected for the ensuing year, with Wm. R. Dubble, superintendent.— 
H. F. King, Lebanon. Pa.. Dec. 18. 

Huntingdon church met in council Dec 13, with Bro. T. T. Myers 
presiding. Officers were elected for 1921. A committee, doing good 
work, is the one revising our membership list. They arc making a 
careful survey and find ways of helping careless church members. 
Several have been added to our number by letter lately, and we are 
glad to welcome them. We are trying to answer some of the many 
call-, io help the suffering Armenians, the starving people of China 
and the many needs of our work here. Attention was called to the 
resolutions passed by the women of Manchester College and approval 
and support urged.— Eleanor J. Brumbaugh, Huntingdon, Pa., Dec. 16. 
Little S wo tarn church met in council Dec. 13, with Eld. Jacob 
PloutE presiding. Our Sunday-school superintendents for the ensuing 
year are as follows: Freystown, Geo, Miller; Merkeys, C. R. Bashore; 
Zieglcrs, II. C Ziegler; Schubert, the writer. Our series of meetings, 
held at the Schubert house, with Bro. Harrison Gipe, of Hershey, Pa., 
evangelist, were fairly well attended and a splendid interest pre- 
vailed. Bro. Gipc's sermons were of the strong, instructive and prac- 
tical kind. Although there were no visible results, we feel that the 
mi 'ill" c ..ere much encouraged. Our Thanksgiving service was held 
at the Schubert house in the morning. Eld. Jonathan Reber, of the 
Maiden Creek church, delivered the sermon, after which an offering 
was lifted for the famine sufferers of China. Our Bible Institute was 
held at the Ziegler house Dec. 10-12, with Brethren A. C. Baugher 
and I. S. Hoffcr, faculty members of Elizabethlown College, as in- 
structor*. These meetings were well attended, and the addresses 
edifying and appreciated by all.— Geo. E. Keeney, Baltic. Pa„ Dec. 16. 
Lower Conowago church met in council at the Wolgamuth house, 
With Eld. O. W. Cook presiding. One trustee was elected to the 
Wolgamuth house. The Wolgamuth Sunday-school lifted a special 
offering for the benefit ol Armenian children. Our Christian Work- 
ers' Society is improving both in attendance and interest. Our love 
feast will be held at the Bennudian house May 22.— R. D Cook 
DUlsfaurg, Pa., Dec 13. 

Mytrstown^-Bro. Frank Carper, of Palmyra, labored 
with uj in a two weeks' series of meetings, beginning De 
in teres I and attendance were good. One young man can 
Christ. Dec, 4 our council was held. Superintendents for the Sunday- 
ichool were elected for the coming ye-ar. One certificate was granted 
and one received. Two were received into the church by baptism. 
An offering for famine-stricken China was lifted by the church and 
the Sunday-school.— Alice B, Roycr, Myersiown, Pa., Dec 20. 

New Enterprise church held her semiannual love feast Oct. 31, 
which was largely attended. Nov. 1 our series of meetings began. 
Our pastor. Bro. Yoder, gave us the first sermon, after which Bro! 
H. S. Replogle, of Windber. Pa., took charge ol" the evangelistic part, 
and Brethren Yoder and Suoebergcr the song service. Through 
the untiring efforts of our pastor and Bro. Replogle. five were 
added to the Kingdom. Bro. Yoder is at present engaged in a series 
of meetings; in the Waterside house Three have already accepted 
Christ.— Margaret Replogle, New Enterprise, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Notice to the Elders and Pastors of Western Pennsylvania.— The 
iour-cent-a-meraber fund for the Annual Meeting Treasurer is now 
due. Please send in your quota not later than March 15. Please 
notice the change from three to four cents.— Jerome E. Blough, 
Treasurer of District, 1309 Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Pleasant Hill congregation met in council Dec 13. Eld. David Hohf, 
assisted by Eld. S. K. Jacobs, presided. Our love feast will be held 
May 14. Harry C. Miller was reelected Sunday-school superintendent 
One letter has been granted since the last report. Our offering for 
World-wide Missions, on Thanksgiving Day, was $115. Dec 12 we 
lifted an offering oi $140 for the Chinese sufferers.— Amanda K. Miller, 
Spring Grove, Pa.. Dec. 13. 

Richland— We were glad to have Eld. J. W. Meyer, of Fredericks- 
burg, in our midst on Thanksgiving Day. He delivered a very in- 
spiring sermon for the occasion, after which an offering of $207 was 
lifted for the China Famine Relief. Dec 3 we met in council with 
Eld. Michael Kurtz presiding. Three letters were granted and two 
young applicants were received. Bro. J. F. King was elected super- 
intendent of the Richland Sunday-school, and H. M. Frantz, of the 
Millbach school. Our scries of meetings begins at the Richland 
: promise of Eld. Rufus Bucher, of Quarry- 
gclist.— P. F. Phillipy. Richland, Pa., Dec 

5. The 
out for 

: as evi 

i council at East Berlin Dec 18. with 

tificatc of membership was grant - 

icre elected, with the 

ndent for East Berlin: Edward Wolf 

house Dec 26. 
ville. Pa., to 

Upper Conewago church n 
Eld. C. L. Baker in charge. 

ed and two were received. Different officers ' 
writer, Sunday-school super! 

for Latimore. We decided to hold our spring love feast at Mummerts 
May 28 and 29; our fall love feast at Latimore Oct. 15 and 16 East 
Berlin church took an offering of $232.06 for the Chinese sufferers- 
Berlin Sunday-school, $21S; East Berlin Ladies' Aid gave $2s! 
decided to continue to take offerings and solicit for the 
same as long as necessary.— Andrew Bowser, East Berlin, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Uniontow0.~Dec 6 the monthly business meeting was held, and of- 
ficers elected for the coming year; Sunday-school superintendents 
James Fearer and S. W. Fike; Christian Workers' president, Chas' 
Collier; corresponding secretary, Estella Thomas; " Messenger " 

agent, J. A. BufTenmycr. Missionary and Temperance Committees 
were also chosen. Sunday-school superintendents for Fairchance are 
D. F. Lcpley and C. F. Brooke. Dec. 5 a program was rendered under 
the direction of the Missionary Committee. Bro. L R. Pletcher, of 
Councils ville, gave an address. A Mission Study Class will be or- 
ganized in the near future— Orpha Collier, Uniontown, Pa., Dec. 16. 

West Johnstown.— We reorganized our Sunday-school Dec. 12. with 
Bro. J. P. Coleman as superintendent of the main school. Dec. 19 
Eld. W. J. Hamilton, Field Secretary, was present. In the mo rain 

anection with which he conducted 
cc of the officers and teachers, which was very 
evening he gave a missionary address in con- 
missionary program. In our Sunday-school there 
increase in attendance and offerings over last 
W. S. Bentz, County Superintendent of Cambria 
ag and timely address, entitled: " A Challenge 
impressed the great need of a more thorough 
young. He scored the moving picture 

he gave an addrt 

the installation i 

impressive. In the 

ncction with a short 

is a very noticeable 

year. Dec. 12 Prof. 

County, gave a sire 

to the Church." He 

religious education 

shows, and deplored the pleasure-seeking and immoral use of the 

automobile. He stressed the need of wholesome environment for the 

child. He came under the auspices of the Temperance and Purity 

Committee. We are glad to report that thirty-eight— nearly all of 

our boys— have signed the pledge and joined the " Clean Life Army," 

A Christmas program is being prepared. We are also preparing for 

our coming evangelistic campaign, which is to open Jan. 2, with Eld. 

J. H. Cassady, evangelist. Will you pray for the success of these 

meetings?— Jerome E. Blough, 1309 Franklin Street, Johnstown, Pa., 

Dec, 20. 

Williamsburg.— Bro. C. F. McKee, of Oaks, Pa., began a series of 
meetings Nov. 29, closing Dec. 12, preaching in all sixteen sermons. 
Good interest and attendance prevailed throughout. Nine were re- 
ceived into church fellowship by baptism and one awaits the rite. — 
Mrs. W. H. Holsinger, Williamsburg, Pa., Dec. 16. 


Willow Creek church lifted an offering of $57.55 to send to the 
Chinese sufferers. On Thanksgiving Day we had services at the 
church, conducted by Bro. Grant Tooker. The attendance is holding 
up well through the winter months so far.— Lola M. Root, Wctonka, 
S. Dak., Dec. 18. 


Knob Creek church met in council Nov. 2, with Eld. D. F. Bowman 
presiding. Bro. P. D. Reed, of Limestone, gave some helpful thoughts. 
We sent an offering of $60 to the famine sufferers in China and have 
$10 more to send. Sunday-school and prayer meeting are still pro- 
gressing very nicely. Dec 5 Bro. R. B. Pritchett, of the French 
Broad church, gave us a good sermon.— Mrs. C. R. Simmons, Johnson 
City, Tenn., Dec. 15. 

Midway.— Bro. Jei 
ducted a series of meetings 
four sermons along docti 
throughout, although the 

We als< 

Clark, of the Pleasant View congregation, con- 
Nov. 25 to Dec. 12, preaching in all thirty- 
inal subjects. The interest was good 
feather was very inclement. Two were 
rite. Dec 11 Brethren F. D. Derrick and 
L. Allen were elected deacons and Bro. Samuel E. Utsman, was 
elected to the ministry. The church and the community have been 
built up spiritually. Bro. Clark is an able defender of the truth and 
all enjoyed his messages.— Jacob S. Klepper, Surgoins ville, Tenn., 
Dec. 14. 

Pleasant View church met in council Dec. 11, with the writer as 
moderator. Dec. 12 the church met again for worship. After the 
sermon an offering of $21.35 was taken for Chinese and European 
sufferers— R. G. Edwards, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 13. 


Elk Run (Moscow House). — The Thanksgiving service was con- 
ducted by Bro. Chas. W. Zimmerman, with a practical sermon, fol- 
lowed by a talk by Eld. Jacob Zimmerman, which was very much 
appreciated. Afterward an offering of $34 was taken for the Chinese 
Famine Relief. Dec. 11 we held our council, with Bro. Homer Zigler 
presiding. Elders H. G. Miller, A. S. Thomas, M. G. Sanger and J. L. 
Driver were with us. Church officers were continued for another 
year, with Bro. Wilmer Zimmerman, Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. W. W. Cox and wife, called to the ministry at the last council, 
were installed. Elders H. G. Miller and A. S. Thomas officiated.— J. 
S. Cupp, Mt. Solon, Va., Dec 18. 

Middle River.— The members and friends of the church met on 
Thanksgiving Day, as has been our usual custom, for a special hour 
of praise and service. A spiritual meeting was enjoyed by all. We 
had with us Brethren Peter Garber and S. L. Garbcr, and enjoyed 
very much having them talk for us. An offering of $137 was taken 
for the Chinese sufferers. Nov. 27 we met in council, with Bro. J. 
W. Wright presiding. New officers were elected: Bro. J. W. Wright, 
elder; Brethren Arlie Cline and A. A. Garbcr, Sunday-school super- 
intendents; the writer, correspondent.— Ada R, Reed, Ft. Defiance, 
Va., Dec. 14. 

Midland church met in council Dec. 4, with Eld. M. G. Early presid- 
ing. One letter of membership was granted and several were accept- 
ed. Bro. L M. Neff, of Fairfax, was chosen as elder in charge, Bro. 
Early's time having expired. As Sunday-school superintendent for 
Midland, Bro. J. M. Kline was elected; for Mt. Hermon house, Bro. 
Carl Miller.— Mrs. A. J. Andes, Bealeton, Va., Dec. 18. 


North Spokane church held regular council to elect Sunday-school 
and church officers for 1921. Eld. W. H. Tigner was chosen elder; 
the writer, Sunday-school superintendent. Two members of the Dis- , 
trict Mission Board were present to consider building a new church- 
house, and to make arrangements for a worker, Bro. S. Clapper, to 
take up the pastoral work at this place the first of the year. We are 
very much in need oi larger quarters and will appreciate help which 
any church or individual can give. Nov. 28 the Sunday-school took a 
special offering of $35 for the Near East Relief work and Chinese 
famine fund.— A. A. Dull, Spokane, Wash., Dec 13. 

Richland Valley church met in council Dec. 15, with Bro. E. L. 
Whisler presiding. He will be our pastor for the coming year. The 
following officers were elected: Clerk, J. A. Mason; church corre- 
spondent, the writer; trustee, for five years, Geo. Adington; *' Messen- 
ger " agent, Grace Moore; Sunday-school superintendent, John 
Whisler; Christian Workers" president, Bill Damron. The new base- 
ment of our church will be finished soon. This will give two or three 
more rooms for the Sunday-school. The school gave a Thanksgiving 
program which was well attended. Recently four members were re- 
ceived by letterMnto the church. Our revival meeting, to be con- 
ducted by Bro. W. A. Deardorff, of Wenatchee, Wash., is to begin 
Jan. 10 and to continue for two weeks or more. Our love feast will 
be held at the close.— Ethel Mullins, Mossyrock, Wash., Dec. 18. 

Whitestone congregation met in oouncil Dec. 11, at which time 
officers were elected, with Bro. M. F. Woods, elder; Bro. Ivan Haw- 
kins, Sunday-school superintendent; Leon Holmes, Christian Workers' 
president.— Mrs. Blanche Hawkins, Tonasket, Wash., Dec 16. 


Bunker Hill.— Our revival meeting opened Oct. 20, with Bro. W. H. 
Bradley, of Lcetown. W. Va., in charge. Bro. Bradley is an able 
speaker, and we never before enjoyed just such sermons as he 
preached for us. Nine confessed Christ and seven were baptized— all 
members of the Sunday-school. Our Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Society are doing good work.— Mrs. V. O. McDonald, Bunker 
Hill, W. Va.. Dec 13. 


Worden church held a week's series of meetings, conducted by Bro. 
S. C. Miller, irom Rosevillc, 111., while visiting here with his brother, 
W. R. Miller. Among oiher subjects the following were treated: 
Christian Evidences, Comparative Religions, An Expose of Spiritu- 
alism. A lecture was given to the young people, showing them how 
to begin life's work, and emphasizing social purity. The meetings 
were very much appreciated by all and were well attended. The song 
services were very successfully conducted by Sister T. M. Myers — 
Mrs. W. R. Miller, Stanley, Wis.. Dec. 14. 

Scripture Text Calendars 

THE artist and the engraver have been 
taxed to the limit to effect the best 
combination of artistic talent and 
mechanical skill calculated to make the 
Scripture Text Calendar for 1921 a master- 
piece of art and of the printer's workman- 

Twelve Pictures in Rotogravure 

The twelve pictures for the pages of the 
Calendar, painted expressly for this work, 
were reproduced by the rotogravure proc- 
ess. We need not enlarge on the popular- 
ity of this process of engraving. The his- 
toric events of the last few years have been 
presented to the public through rotogravure 
pictures in the best and highest class maga- 
zines. The twelve pictures in the Scripture 
Text Calendar are printed in dark Sepia. 

An Interesting Feature 

Each picture illustrates one of the Sun- 
day-school lessons of the month in connec- 
tion with which it appears. A scripture 
verse for each day is given, and the Inter- 
national Lesson Reference and Golden Text 
for each Sunday. On the back is a table 
showing the church census of all the denom- 
inations in the United States. 

Opportunity for Both Church and Individual 

As both a very praiseworthy and highly 
profitable means of raising church money, 
the Scripture Text Calendar cannot be ex- 
celled. Hundreds and thousands of Church- 
es and Sunday-school classes, Aid Societies, 
and other religious organizations the land 
over, have made it contribute generously to 
their treasury, and at the same time have 
enriched spiritually, both church and com- 
munity. It blesses both those who buy and 
those who sell. 

Prices : Single copies, 30c; 5 copies, $1.25; 
12 copies, $2.75. Write for special prices on ' 
other quantities. 

Elgin, IU. 


Winter Term will open January 3, 1921. 

Beginning Classes for Preparatory students. 
Second Semester will open January 24, 1921. 

New courses open to entering Freshmen and 

other college students. 

Sunday School Teachers* Training Institute of 

four weeks will open January 24, 1921, con- 
ducted under direction of General Sunday 
School Board. 

Bible Institute of one week will open February 
13, 1921. 

Write about the work in which you are interested. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 


The Gospel Messenger 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— m.i.. 6: io ; ut« ih2 

Vol. 70 


Elgin, 111., January 8, 1921 

No. 2 

In This Number 

Christian History and Fellowship With Christ, 

An Athletic Team Teaching the Church How to Pray, 

In Memoriam (D, L. M.i. 

Among the Churches, , 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour, 

The Forward Movement Department — 
Make Your Money Mean More, .. 

The Real Christmas Spirit, 

A Good Book, 

Contributors' Forum— 

The Service That Counts (Poem), 

The Elder and His Church. By S. Z. Sharp 

Winning the World Through Its Childhood. By D. W. Kurtz, 

A Passion for Service. By Leander Smith 

A Visit to Liao Chou. By J. J. Yoder 

My Possessions. By George W. Tuttle 

Good for Everybody Else, 


The Round Table- 
Is It You? By Mary E. Prentice, 22 

Practical Points on Men,^ Meetings. By Wm. J. Tinkle, 22 

A Chance to Give a Million. By H. A. Brandt 22 

Jesus and Him Crucified. By Nora E. Berkebile, 22 

On Being Cynical. By Archer Wallace, 22 

Home and Family — 

Healers of Men (Poem) 23 

A Cup of Cold Water. By Maude C. Jones, 23 


Christian History and Fellowship With. Christ 

Is there anything, in early Christian history, to help 
a modern Christian solve the problem of completer 
fellowship with Christ in the conduct of his business? 
That was the question, you remember, with which we 
concluded Our last installment of meditations on this 
subject. Suppose we resume them at that point. 

In the ancient church of Colossas, ministered to, at 
the time of which we speak, by Bishop Archippus, was 
a devoted layman whose name was Philemon. He 
was a man of some property, not the least valuable of 
which was a slave named Helpful (English equivalent 
of Onesimus). One morning Helpful, along with cer- 
tain other articles of material worth, turned up miss- 
ing. And likewise for a good many mornings there- 
after. At length there came a day when Helpful was 
back, having brought with him the finest letter of 
recommendation that has so far come to light. From 
that letter we learn nearly everything we know about 
Helpful and his master, and some things that are very 
helpful to twentieth century Christians. 

The runaway had gone to Rome. There, in some 
way unknown to us, he had fallen into the companion- 
ship of the prisoner-apostle. From, him he heard the 
Gospel Story and, having heard, believed. But that 
meant a radical change in' Helpiul's plans. He had 
done his master wrong. He must make it right. He 
must go back to his master. He went. 

Did Philemon have any misgivings about the Tight- 
ness of holding his fellow-man, not tp say brother in 
Christ, in bondservice? Not likely. With the institu- 
tion so thoroughly woven into the social fabric, it is 
hardly probable that any question of impropriety 
occurred to him. Did Bishop Archippus have any 
talks with this influential layman about this matter? 
Not likely. Who, at that time, dreamed that the time 
would ever come when it would be different? Did 
Paul? We do not know. But we can not read his 
beautiful message of exhortation to Philemon with- 
out seeing how close he comes to suggesting the idea, 

But the centuries and the Spirit of Truth working 
together did press that question in upon the Christian 
conscience until the institution of slavery became 

It is not necessary to review the details of that 
development, to point the moral for us. But its mes- 
sage tp the twentieth century Christian man of affairs 

is clear and unmistakable. Desiring the highest possi- 
ble measure of fellowship with Christ, he will do just 
what Paul told Philemon to do in his relations with 
his bondservant Helpful. He will practice the princi- 
ple of brotherliness in his business relations to the 
utmost limit within the restrictions imposed by the 
prevailing system, a system which he can not himself 
change. But he will also look forward to the day when 
it will be different. He will do what he can to foster 
the Christian sentiment which will be required to make 
it different. And as soon as that sentiment is strong 
enough to effect the change, he will codperate in effect- 
ing it. This is the plain message of Christian history 
to the modern business man who wants to be a Chris- 
tian, the very best Christian he can be, and who sees 
how much there is in prevailing economic standards 
which is contrary to the spirit of Jesus Christ. 

To be sure, it is not only from the history of the 
Christian attitude to slavery that this message comes. 
We have referred to this because it is perhaps the 
most obvious illustration. Nor is it to the business 
man alone that this message comes. We have had 
him in the foreground of our thought in this little 
discussion, but we should not close it without noting 
that the same course of procedure is marked out for 
everybody who would know the deepest inwardness 
of Christian fellowship. 

* It is not enough to do the best we can under exist- 
ing conditions. That is the first thing, of course. But 
we must be courageous enough to think through the 
application of the principles of Jesus to existing con- 
ditions and when we see what changes such an applica- 
tion would make necessary, we must do what we can 
to effect them. If that seems too little to amount to 
anything this does not excuse us. We can at least 
contribute something to the fostering of Christian 
thinking and when the opportunity for action comes 
we can throw our strength, whether that be much or 
little, into the struggle on the side of right. 

Was I saying what we mttst do ? O no, we can 
do as we choose in this world and accept the conse- 
quences. But if we have had a taste of fellowship 
with Christ, and would like to deepen that experience, 
then there is one thing we must do. We must partake 
of his spirit in larger measure, We must approximate 
more closely to loving as he loved. And that means as 
much regard for the good fortune of another as for 
that of oneself. And that means some striking 
changes in current business fashions as well as in 
many other things. 

These suggestions are offered solely for such as 
may be interested in seeking a more intimate fellow- 
ship with Christ. 

An Athletic Team Teaching the Church How 
to Pray 

The papers have been telling about a certain athletic 
team thlft always prays before entering a game. 
Strange piece of news, isn't it? Think of beginning a 
ball game with prayer ! 

But the idea does not seem quite so absurd when 
you find out what the boys pray for. You supposed, 
of course, that it's victory over the opposing team. 
But that is where you are wrong. They like to win 
games as well as other boys, but their chief concern 
is that they may put up a clean, strong, manly fight. 
So that is what they pray for. They pray that each 
player may do his best, that the game may not be 
lost through any fault of theirs, and especially that 
the fair name of clean and honorable sport may not 
be tarnished. 

That's different, isn't it? Surely there is nothing 
ridiculous about that. And such a team always wins, 
whether it gets the big end of the score or not. 

Which is precisely the kind of a lesson in prayer 
the church needs today. We pray a little for victory 
and play the game with all our might when we think 
we can see the victory a little way ahead. But when 
that recedes from view, we are inclined to quit play- 
ing and praying both. Or else to pray that God will 
kindly excuse us from the game and do the playing 

all himself. 

t ' 
We have the wrong idea. We are too much worried 
about the way the victory is to come. That is the 
part that God will take care of. What he wants out 
of us is a team of players who are afraid of nothing 
but failure to put up a valiant fight. A team whose 
only anxiety is that each player shall do his best. 
Let's pray for that. 

In Memoriam 

The Passing Over of Our Beloved Brother in the Flesh 
and in Christ, Frank Z. Miller 
We had gone to the Sunny South to spend the win- 
ter in Florida. My brother Frank, who was very 
close and dear to me in heart, had spent several win- 
ters there, and purchased a good home at Clermont. 
He kindly and urgently invited us to spend the winter 
with him. We had about decided to go to California, 
but changed our minds and went south. 

We spent two most delightful weeks with Frank at 
Clermont and then went over to Arcadia — some one 
hundred and fifty miles away — to hold a two weeks' 
series of meetings. The meetings had been in progress 
a few evenings, when a telephone message came, say- 
ing: "Frank is very ill. We do not expect him to 
live. Come home at once." 

The next morning, at four o'clock, we started on a 
seventy-mile auto ride— Eld. S. W. Bail, pastor of the 
Arcadia church, kindly taking us to a station, to catch 
a train for Clermont at the earliest possible moment. 
We caught the train and reached the town at noon. 
Dr. Givens, a warm, personal friend, met us at the 
train, and said : " Our dear brother Frank has gone 
home to heaven." We had still hoped that we might 
see him again in the flesh, but this hope was crushed 
and we are not to see each other again until we meet 
on the golden shore. 

On the Friday preceding he had been walking along 
the street with a friend, when he was stricken with 
heart failure. When about to fall, his friend caught 
him and laid him down on the sidewalk. He was taken 
to his home in an auto, carried in, and laid on a couch. 
Twelve hours later, the good Lord took his soul home. 
He was conscious to the last and was anxious and 
ready to go home. 

As I sat by the side of his lifeless body, alone'and 
sad at heart, and saw the calm, sweet, peaceful, restful 
expression there — no care, no appearance of anxiety — 
I thought to myself, How I wish I might exchange 
places with him and be at rest as he is. But my time 
for rest has not come yet. In his own good time the 
Lord will call me to the home for which I long. 

Frank was born April 23, 1846, in Washington 
County, Md., and died in his seventy-fifth year. He 
accepted Christ and united with the church in his 
youth, and for many years served the church most 
faithfully and well in the deacon's office. In 1870 he 
married Sallie B. Keller. She preceded him to the 
other shore four years. They lived a happy life to- 
gether, for she was a noble Christian woman. In 1S75 

(Continued on Page 20) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


The Service That Counts 

Tis only a half truth the poet has sung 

Of the house by the side of the way. 

Our Master had neither a house nor a throne, 

But he walked with the crowd day by day. 

And I think, when I read of the poet's desire, 

That a house by the ruad would be good; 

But service is found in its tenderest form 

When we walk with the crowd in the road. 

So I say, Let me walk with the man in the road; 

Let mo seek out the burdens that crush, 

Lei nic speak a kind word of good cheer to the weak. 

Who are falling behind in the rush. 

There are wounds to be healed; there arc breaks we 

must mend; 
["here's a cup of cold water to give; 
And the man in the road, by the side of his friend, 
I the hi. hi who has learned how to live. 
Then tell me no more of the house by the road. 
There's only one place I can live — 
[t's 'lure with the men who are toiling along, 
Who are needing the cheer I can give. 
it is pleasant to live in the house by the way, 
And befriend as the poet has said, 
But the Master is bidding us: "Bear ye their load 
For your rest waitcth yonder ahead." 

I could not remain in the house by the road, 

\ti.| watch as the toilers go on, 

["heir faces beclouded with pain and with sin, 
So burdened, their strength near]*- gone. 

I'll go to their side, I'll speak in good cheer, 
I'll help them to carry their load, 
\iul I'll smile at the man in the house by the way, 
As 1 walk with the crowd in the road. 

i mu there, in the road that goes by the house, 
Where the poet is singing his song, 
I'll walk and I'll work 'midst the heat of the day, 
And I'll help falling brothers along. 

Too busy to live in the house by the way 

Too happy for such an abode, 

And my heart sings its praise to the Master of all, 

V\ ho is helping me serve in the road. 

The Elder and His Church 


We do not remember ever hearing a sermon, or 
reading an article, in the Messenger, concerning the 
elder, though he is one of the most important factors 
in church government or its activities. 

1. The Origin of the Eldership 
We can trace the office of elder for more than three 
thousand years to the distant past. When God com- 
manded Moses to lead the children of Israel out of 
Egyptian hondage, he told him to call together the 
elders of Israel and deliver to them the message he 
sent him. Though the Israelites were in slavery to 
the Egyptians, yet they seem to have had some 
kind of government of their own, presided over by 
aged men, called elders — the heads of tribes or families. 
When Moses had brought the Israelites into the 
wilderness, to Mount Horeb, and was acting as their 
judge in all cases, he found the task greater than he 
could bear. Then the Lord told him to bring seventy 
of the elders of Israel, from ah the tribes of Israel, 
before the tabernacle, and he would take of the spirit 
that was in Moses, and put it into those elders, who 
should judge the people in all common matters and 
only the important cases should come before Moses. 
Here we have the origin of the "Council" or 
" Sanhedrin," presided over by the high priest (Matt. 
26: 59). 

When David was to be chosen king over all Israel, 
all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron 
and David made a covenant with them before Jeho- 
vah and they anointed David king over all Israel " 
(2 Sam. 5: 3). 

In the days of Christ the seventy elders constituted 
the Supreme Court and exercised authority over life 
and death. It was this council that condemned Christ 
to lose his life. 

When Christ organized his church, he " set in the 
church, first, apostles, secondly prophets, thirdly 

teachers, then miracles, gifts of healing, helps, govern- 
ments " (1 Cor. 12: 28). These governments were 
to be the elders, for Paul says, in 1 Tim. 5 : 17: " Let 
the elders that rule well be counted worthy of double 

We are told that Barnabas and Paul — the first two 
missionaries in the Christian church — founded con- 
gregations in Asia Minor. When they had appointed 
for them elders in every church, and prayed with fast- 
ing, they commended them to the Lord on whom they 
believed (Acts 14: 23). From this we see that elders 
were appointed to preside over the churches of Christ 
from the very beginning. This is further evident from 
the fact that, although the church at Jerusalem was 
under the direct jurisdiction of the apostles, yet, at 
an early day, elders were appointed in this mother 
church who exercised authority along with the apos- 
tles. This we know from the following incident : . 
" Certain men came from Judaea and taught the breth- 
ren, saying, Except ye be circumcised after the custom 
of Moses, ye cannot be saved. And when Paul and 
Barnabas had no small dissension and questioning with 
them, the brethren appointed that Paul and Barnabas 
and certain other of them should go up to Jerusalem 
to the apostles and elders about this question " (Acts 
15: 1-2). Here, at an early day, we find elders ap- 
pointed in the first church of Christ. Furthermore, 
Paul wrote to Titus, saying: " For this cause left I 
thee in Crete, that thou shouldest set in order the 
things that were wanting and appoint elders in every 

Such is the history of the origin of the office of 
elder among the Israelites and in the church of Christ. 
The Function or Work of the Elder 

In 1 Tim. 5 : 17, we read: " Let the elders that rule 
well be counted worthy of double honor, especially 
those who labor in the word and in teaching. For the 
scripture saith, Thou shalt not muzzle the ox that 
treadeth out the corn." This instruction mentions 
three kinds of duties that the elders can perform — to 
rule, to labor in the Word and to teach. It also im- 
plies that there are two kinds of elders — those that 
simply rule and those who, in addition to ruling, also 
preach and teach. Not every one who can rule the 
church well, can also preach well. 

The best ruling elder we ever knew never pretended 
to preach. He would open the meeting with singing 
and prayer, and close with an exhortation and prayer, 
but would not attempt to preach. When he noticed a 
member absent twice from public services, he would 
say : " He may be sick either physically or spiritually, 
and in either case he should be looked after." Then 
he visited him or sent him a visit. Needless to say 
his church was well attended. He was a great favor- 
ite among children. He kept a supply of candy in his 
pockets, and dispensed it freely among the little ones. 
Thus he also won the esteem of the mothers. When a 
member became wayward, he spoke to him in such a 
kind and loving way that he generally won him back 
into the right path. 

We are sorry to say that there are elders who are 
just the opposite from the one just described. They 
are " lords over God's heritage " (1 Peter 5:3). They 
bring members before the council with a jerk. They 
are reactionary and impede the progress of the church. 

Some elders are capable of preaching and teaching. 
In that case they should be supported as taught in 
1 Tim. 5: 18. 

Another duty of the elder is to anoint the sick with 
oil, as stated in James 5 : 14, IS : " Is any among you 
sick? Let him call for the elders of the church; and 
let thenf pray over him, anointing him with oil in the 
name of the Lord, and the prayer of faith shall save 
him that is sick, and the Lord shall raise him up ; and 
if he have committed sins, it shall be forgiven him." 
It is not the anointing with oil that will restore the 
sick, but the prayer of faith. Very many are restored 
and the reason why there are not more, is found in 
the fact that the prayer is not of faith. 

The Relation of the Church to the Elder 
It is the duty of the church to honor their elder, and 
if he rules well, to bestow upon him double honor, as 
taught in 1 Tim. 5: 17. The members should not be 

hypercritical toward their elder, and be ready to find 
fault. Perhaps his service is better than the support 
the church is giving him. It is expressly stated in 1 
Tim, 5: 19: " Against an elder receive not an accusa- 
tion, except at the mouth of two or three witnesses." 
Fruita, Colo. . ^ . 

Winning the World Through Its Childhood 


(An Address Delivered al the World's Sunday School Convention, 
Tokyo. Oct. 10, 1920) 

In discussing this subject, we must take account of 
some fundamental facts: 

I. The child of today is the adult of tomorrow. The 
future world will be made up of the children of the 
present. The character, ideals, and culture of the 
future depend upon the growth and development of 
the childhood of the race. All the improvements, in- 
dustries, or institutions, will soon pass out of the 
hands of the present generation and our children will 
use them either for weal or woe. The value and 
strength of civilization depend entirely upon the 
character of the people, and the use they make of the 
means of life, and not in the means themselves. 

II. The second fact that faces us, is that no lan- 
guage, culture, morality, ideas, or ideals, are inherited 
by the child. The normal child inherits instincts, re- 
flexes, and capacities, but he tioes not inherit culture, 
learning, or civilization. If the children of the world 
are ever to get the spiritual values of the race — the 
morality, religion, science, art, and culture, there is 
just one way in all the world for them to get them — 
and that is through education. The child, when born, 
is the most helpless organism known to man. With- 
out society to nurture or teach it, it would perish, or 
never a self-conscious personality. This is the 
universal verdict of science. Not an iota of the truth, 
the goodness and the beauty, that the race has achieved, 
is inherited by the child. Education is the only way 
by which he can ever get the spiritual values of the 
race. Education is the biggest business of the race ; 
it is the supreme task of humanity. To hand on to 
posterity the priceless germs of truth, which have 
come to humanity through the travail of the ages, is 
our holy privilege and our highest duty. Culture and 
religion are not inherited. They must be taught. 
" How shall they be saved unless they believe, and 
how shall they believe unless they are taught?" Re- 
ligious education is the supreme duty of the race. We 
honor our heroes and benefactors. But only they are 
real heroes who have unselfishly served the race. The 
greatest service we can render humanity is to guide 
them into the pathway of right and truth. The child 
does not inherit truth, but only the capacity to receive 
and appreciate truth. It can not be saved without 
faith, and faith comes by hearing the truth, and this 
depends upon the work of education. 

III. The third fact I want you to note is the proyi- 
sion God has made for education, in giving the child 
a long infancy. Most animals mature in a few years 
or even months, while it takes from twenty-five to 
thirty years to mature the mind of a child. There is 
only one reason known among men, why there is such 
a long infancy — and that is for the purpose of educa- 
tion. The child is bom helpless, plastic, curious, 
imitative, and is given a quarter of a century, so as to 
make progress possible. This makes education possi- 
ble and gives to education the dignity of the noblest 
art of man. He who arouses and directs the activities 
of the child, so as to grow into perfect manhood and 
womanhood, is the benefactor of the world. 

This long period of immaturity or of growth is not 
only the best time, but, for most people, the only time 
to get an education. For this reason we have public 
schools for children. The fundamental law of life 
is — use or lose. Unless the mind is developed young, 
it loses its power to learn. Von Humboldt once said : 
" What you want in the nation, you must put into the 
schools." Germany demonstrated, only too well, that 
the schools can transform a nation in a single genera- 
tion — for weal or woe. " Train up a child the way he 
should go, and when he is old, he will not depart 
from it." 

The psychology of conversion proves this very de- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


cisively. Investigation shows that the high-water 
mark of conversion is at about sixteen years of age. 
A careful writer on this subject sums up his investiga- 
tions as follows : " After twenty only one out of a 
hundred is converted and after thirty, only one out of 
a thousand." 

An old proverb of Arabia says : " Teach a man 
and you write on water ; teach a child and you carve 
in marble." 

IV. Childhood is the time for religious education 
for many reasons: 

(1) Just because the child does not inherit learning, 
and habits and customs, he is free from obstacles. He 
is free from prejudices and the thousands of barriers 
that are in the way of most adults. He is a new crea- 
tion, active and growing and needs only to be directed. 
He is educating himself all the time, but the race has 
a chance to direct his growth. Again; the child is 
active in all his instincts — imitation, curiosity, play 
and invention, and learning is easy. It is true that 
older persons can learn faster than they could in child- 
hood, pro ided their childhood education was not 
neglected. But children have just this one supreme 
business — to get acquainted with the world into which 
they are born. 

Childhood is the period of forming habits, and 
habits determine character. Habits depend upon in- 
dividual acts, and these, in turn, are the product of 
ideas. All ideas tend to express themselves in acts. 
Acts form habits, habits form character, and character, 
destiny. The child does not inherit ideas, but gets them 
from his contact with the race and nature. It requires 
but little thought to realize that the child is our hope 
and our opportunity, and if the world is to be won to 
Christ, it can be done very easily if we educate the 
child in the knowledge of Christ and his Gospel. 

(2) Benjamin Kidd, in his latest book — " The Sci- 
ence of Power" — has shown what all of us have be- 
lieved — that. humanity is not in the grip of a relentless 
determinism, that biology is not the whole of psychol- 
ogy. He shows that whole nations have been trans- 
formed in a single generation by education. He also 
shows that many things that were once thought to be 
instincts, are now proved to be due to education. Even 
fear is a matter of experience more than native in- 
stinct, as shown by his investigation. The science of 
power is not in forces — in armies and navies, nor in 
wealth — but in ideas presented under emotion. " The 
greatest explosive on earth is an idea." It is not 
enough to give otfr children ideas, but we must get 
them to add love and feeling to the idea and it becomes 
an ideal. Then we must add the will and it becomes 
a cause. Let me illustrate: For" some people "tem- 
perance" was only a beautiful idea. Others made it 
an ideal of life ; but some added their wills, and gave 
their lives in service to achieve temperance, and for 
them it was a cause. 

Here is the science of power — here is the hope and 
opportunity of the race. The child comes to us un- 
prejudiced, unspoiled. He comes with active instincts 
of curiosity, imitation, and wonder. God gives us a 
chance to give him an idea, and to give it to him with 
such interest and enthusiasm that he loves it, and it 
becomes an ideal. We can enlist him into service, for 
the child, being true to his G»d-given instincts, tends 
to put into action and life what he has in his mind and 
heart, and he serves a cause. And whoever serves in 
loyalty the Christ, becomes a child of God. 

V. What we need is : 

(1) A real vision of the world's need of Christ. A 
vision of the opportunity of making Christ real in the 
race through the childhood of the world. As some 
one said : " Save a child and you save a soul plus a 
life for God." We need a vision of the Truth, of the 
Gospel of Christ as the only cure for the world. We 
need a vision of the Sunday-school as the instrument 
in God's hands for the promotion of his Kingdom. 

(2) We need consecration. We have been playing 
on the job ; we have been too much interested in our 
personal comforts and luxuries and have fallen under 
the bondage of things. We need a new loyalty to the 
cause of Christian education. That means that we 
believe in it as a cause that is the best; that we love 
this cause with all our hearts; and that we serve it 

with all our strength — our time, energy and talents. 
■We need a new consecration for the religious educa- 
tion of the childhood of the world — for it is the only 
way God has given us for the promotion of his 

(3) We need preparation. The prepared teacher 
must be, and do, and know. He must be a Qiristian 
and demonstrate the life that he wants in his pupil. 
What we are speaks louder than what we say. We 
must let our lights so shine that our pupils may be 
led to Christ. Our own light does shine — it always 
shines. But often it is the red light of sin; the blue 
light of pessimism; the green light of jealousy and 
envy; the yellow light of greed and gold; the purple 
light of ambition; or the dark light of indifference. 
But we must have the white light of truth, so that 
humanity may see Christ in us. 

The teacher of childhood must do some things — he 
must teach the Bible so they may know the will of 
God. He must teach them to worship, so they may 
love the will of God, and pray " Thy Kingdom come, 
thy will be done." He must teach them to serve and 
obey; for only in action is character formed. ■ 

In the next place, the teacher must know — he must 
know three things — mind, matter, method. He does 
not teach books or subjects, but the teacher must 
teach people, children, minds. What is teaching? It 
is causing to know. It is arousing and directing the 
self-activity of the mind of the pupil. It is the organi- 
zation of stimuli so as to cause or prevent changes in 
the life of the child. It is not merely imparting in- 
formation, for no teaching is done unless the child 
learns. How can the teacher direct the activities of 
minds unless he knows, by science and experience, the 
mind of the child? He needs preparation — he must 
know the minds that he would teach. 

He must know the truth. We expect a physician to 
make a true diagnosis of our sickness ; then prescribe a 
cure. We expect him to know how to cure the malady. 
He who would teach children how to live, must know 
how men ought to live — he must know God's Word, 
the Bible. He can not guide men to the Living God, 
unless he knows the way. The ignorance of the Bible, 
and of the great fundamental doctrines, is abysmal. 
The teacher needs preparation here. He must know 
what truths of the Bible are adapted to the needs and 
capacities of the child. 

The teacher must also know methods of teaching — 
how to bring the truth, and the mind of the child to- 
gether. The question of method solves the problem 
of how the pupil may know, and love, and do the 
truth most effectively and most economically. 

(4) We must have organization. Organization is 
economy of effort — to accomplish a definite task most 
effectively with the least possible waste. Organiza- 
tion is the means to the end. The end is the Kingdom 
of God, the salvation of the world through the re- 
ligious education of childhood. Organization is for 
the effective and economic use of the materials, means, 
and methods that are essential to accomplish this task. 

Organization must provide a school. What is a 
school? "A school is the creation of the proper en- 
vironment for the development of a soul." " It is the 
organization of stimuli " that will properly arouse 
and direct the activities of the child. A school is the 
proper arrangement of teachers, curriculum, and en- 
vironment, so that the necessary stimuli are given to 
the child to solicit his response in learning the truth, 
in loving the truth, and in living the truth. 

VI. This is the epoch of the child. We are begin- 
ning to see that the only ultimate values are human 
values, and the only real human values are based on 
Christian character, and that God has so made us that 
childhood is the time when character is made, and it 
can be made into anything that the race chooses. Since 
the Christian character is the supreme value, Christian 
education is the supreme business of the race. Chris- 
tian education is the supreme patriotism. Patriotism 
demands such love and service of one's country as to 
promote the well-being of the country; the promotion 
of the ideals that are essential for an enduring nation. 
History has proved to us that righteousness and peace, 
and human brotherhood are the essentials of an en- 

during civilization. The highest patriotism is that 
prophetic statesmanship that builds for eternity. That 
means Christian education. 

As soon as we learn that industry is only to pay 
expenses and meet our common necessities, but that 
life and civilisation depend upon true religion and 
morality, we shall make progress toward the fullness 
of life which is our birthright. 

God has given the race a new chance in every child 
to better itself. The normal child inherits nothing of 
culture, and nothing of that which is prejudicial to 
culture. It is a new opportunity. God says to the 
race, by setting a child in the midst, Here is your 
chance — the Garden of Eden is yours. This child is 
born without culture and without sin; surround it with 
the true, the good and the beautiful, and it will re- 
spond. It has capacity, it has self-activity to imitate, 
to ask questions, and to follow you. Here is your 
chance; will you take it? 

It is my conviction that the supreme business of the 
race is to give the children a Christian education. All 
else is machinery — this is supreme. We are coworkers 
with God. He works and we work. , We must work 
the works of God while it is day, for the night cometh 
when no man can work. Prof. James said that after 
thirty people do not get new ideas. God has opened 
the door of opportunity in the long infancy of the 
child. Will we avail ourselves of the opportunity? 

We need greater vision, deeper consecration, better 
preparation and more efficient organization to win the 
childhood of the world to Christ, and as the bud un- 
folds into the rose, so the world will find life and 
peace and joy. 

McPherson, Kans. 

A Passion for Service 


"Whosoever will be great among you let him be your 
minister, and whosoever will be chief among you, let him 
be your servant" (Matt 20: 26, 27). 

With these words Jesus endeavors to displace the 
spirit of ambition with a passion for service in the 
hearts of his disciples. There is no place in the Chris- 
tian life for the spirit of worldly ambition. Jesus 
characterized it as Gentile — as characteristic of peo- 
ples that know not God. He would displace it alto- 
gether in the life of his own people with another — a 
better and a stronger passion. 

Ambition has two characteristic marks — selfishness 
and vanity. The very meaning of ambition is, of 
course, a desire for personal promotion and advantage 
above others, and the object sought is the vain and 
empty honors of the position, not its duties and obliga- 
tions. John Ruskin, illustrating this characteristic of 
ambition, says that the man on the ship who wants to 
be captain does not want to be captain because he 
realizes that he is better qualified than any one else to 
assume the duties of the position, to assure the 
efficiency of the crew and the comfort and safety of 
the passengers, but that he may be called captain. 
Ambition seeks the name, the honor, not the duties of 
the position. 

The passion for service, on the other hand, is char- 
acterized by an unselfish, sacrificial spirit. Its thought 
is of others, of child or brother, of friend or neighbor, 
of country, or the Kingdom of God. It cares only for 
the helpful things that can be done, for the opportu- 
nity that the place affords in doing the needful things. 
The passion for service has two characteristics: Un- 
selfishness and reality. 

These two motives Jesus contrasts. The one is of 
the Gentile world, the other is, or should be, the motive 
of the Christian world. I will state a few propositions 
which will suggest something of the wide sweep of the 
truth of the principle that the Master is trying to 
teach us. 

First: The spirit of ambition is a most potent cause 
of sin and crime, while the passion for service is the 
motive of all the finest in character and the noblest in 

To you, who know anything at all of the political 

(Continued on Page 26) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 

A Visit to Ljao Chou 


■ On the morning of Oct. 28 our party, with Brethren 
Bowman and Seese, and mounted on faithful don- 
keys, started on the three days' journey to Liao Chou, 
the station in the Southern division of our mission. 
The journey is an interesting one, to a newcomer at 
least. One passes through a number of villages, down 
narrow river-beds and over high and rocky mountain 
paths. The donkey is sure-footed, and yet, occasion- 
ally, a stumble lands the rider unexpectedly over long 
ears into the path ahead, somewhat ruffled in spirit 
but seldom much hurt, for the donkey is careful not 
to give one a hard fall. 

At night we stopped at mission out-station homes, 
in charge of native Christian workers, who are very 
kind, and looked carefully after our comfort. Our 
food we tarried with us, accompanied by a Chinese 
cook, who soon had for us a hot meal. Our beds, 
likewise, we carried with us, consisting of folding cots 
and plenty of quilts and blankets. All this baggage 
was carried on an extra donkey, with some of the 
bedding in packs, on which we rode with comfort, in- 
stead of a saddle, which is another reason for easy 
sliding over long ears. 

About 5 P. M. of the third day we arrived at our 
destination. Coming several days earlier than ex- 
pected, the usual elaborate Oriental welcome could not 
be made, but a messenger, arriving a half hour before 
we did, made it possible for a band of our dear mis- 
sionaries, accompanied by a half dozen Chinese breth- 
ren, to come out a mile to meet us. Such a greeting 
warms one's heart. It is worth coming to China to 
experience. So many experiences make one think of 
the spirit of the brethren of Bible times. 

Soon we were comfortably housed in missionary 
homes, and the hardships of the journey, if any, were 
forgotten in the joy of sweet fellowship with these 
dear ones from the homeland. 

We stayed nine days at this station, and every day 
was marked by new experiences. The day following 
our arrival was Sunday and, as usual, we were asked 
to do the speaking — the writer speaking to the Chinese 
in the morning and Bro. Williams to the missionaries 
in the afternoon. The audience was, perhaps, a bit 
larger than usual, as Bro. Flory and his native evangel- 
ist were conducting a Bible Study Class this week, of 
outstation evangelists and applicants for baptism, so 
the house, seating over three hundred, was full to the 

The days of our stay through the week were crowd- 
ed full of events. On Monday the Chinese Christians, 
with the schools, gave us a reception according to 
Oriental custom and style, consisting of speeches of 
welcome and songs, with responses from the guests, 
finishing with an elaborate Chinese dinner. On other 
days schools were visited, women's Bible Classes- and 
men's Bible Classes addressed, hospital work inspect- 
ed, conferences held with individuals and with the 
entire mission group, plans and policies discussed, with 
an evening for just a happy social visit and pastime. 
Then the chief county and city officials arranged a 
public reception in our honor, one forenoon, with per- 
haps four hundred men and school-boys present, and 
so the week passed altogether too quickly. Saturday 
was the best day of all. In the afternoon Bro. Ray- 
mond Flory, the elder of the church here, and evangel- 
ist, baptized eight men and eight boys. At least that 
many more expressed a desire to be baptized, but it 
was thought best to teach them longer. At night we 
enjoyed together the love feast. Around the Lord's 
table were seated one hundred and twenty-eight, 
thirty-four women and ninety-four men, fourteen 
Americans and one hundred and fourteen Chinese. It 
was a spiritual feast — as orderly and quiet as in 
America. The Chinese did practically all the prepar- 
ing for it. Also, in this busy afternoon, Bro. Williams 
and the writer anointed Sister Ernest Wampler. who 
i 'tv hopeful of recovery. Her faith in Jesus' heal- 
ing power is her strength. 

On Sunday morning Bro. Williams preached to a 
large audience. In the afternoon Brother and Sister 

Wampler were ordained to the eldership and so the 
busy week was brought to a close. 

In this station are located Brother and Sister Nor- 
man Seese. He has charge of the Boys' School, hav- 
ing one hundred and eighty in attendance. When 
these march in single file to the church, on Sunday 
morning, it is a sight to be remembered. Here are in 
training future workers for the church. Sister Winnie 
Cripe has charge of the Girls' School, with fifty-two 
in attendance. She is doing a fine work. Sister Anna 
Hutchison is in charge of the women's work. She is 
daily teaching twenty-eight women to read, and giving 
them Bible lessons. Sister Nettie Senger is doing out- 
station work, that is, in surrounding villages, teaching 
women and girls the Story of the Cross. Often she 
is away from the "station several weeks at a time. 

Bro. Raymond Flory is station evangelist, assisted 
by his wife. He has the task of caring for the church, 
but will be due for his furlough next spring. 

Brother and Sister Wampler, it is hoped, will be 
able, in health, to carry on this important work while 
Brother and Sister Flory are in the homeland. 

Sister Pollock, with the aid of a native doctor, is in 
charge of the hospital — Doctor and Sister O. G. Bru- 
baker being home on furlough. 

In all these departments are competent native work- 
ers. Bro. Lee does most of the Chinese preaching, 
and those who can understand him say that he is a 
very able speaker. The work at Liao Chou is very 
promising, as it is in all our stations. The Chinese 
are opening wonderfully to the Gospel, and to foreign 
influence, which is encouraging. 

On Tuesday morning, Nov. 9, we were compelled 
to bid good-bye to these dear people and go on our 
journey. It was a touching good-bye, too. The 
schools, accompanied by their teachers, with other 
Chinese Christians, marched in two lines, followed by 
the missionaries and our party, out a mile or more on 
our way, where finally the Chinese sang : " God be 
with you till we meet again." The missionaries sang : 
" God Will Take Care of You," and then Bro. Wil- 
liams offered a short prayer and we bade all good-bye 
and were off. Tears came to our eyes as the final 
wave of the handkerchiefs was given. Surely, the 
love of God in the human heart is a wonderful experi- 
ence. It alone can make the human family brothers 


■ ♦ ■ 

In Memoriam 

(Continued from First Page) 

they came to Ogle County, 111., and settled near Polo, 
where they engaged successfully in farming until the 
death of his good wife. This was a sad stroke to him, 
and he laid her in the grave with a broken heart. 

Frank was an honest, godly, Christian man. He had 
scores of friends and made more wherever he located. 
This was strongly manifested at Clermont. He was 
genial, courteous, and of a most kindly spirit. He was 
well informed and a careful Bible student. One of 
the delights of his life was to teach a Sunday-school 
class, and he was an able teacher. The class of which 
he was a member at Clermont, passed the following 
resolutions : 

Since our beloved brother, Frank Z. Miller, has been 
so unexpectedly promoted to be with his Savior and his 
loved ones gone before, we, as a class in the Grace Bap- 
tist church of Clermont, Florida, desire to give expression 
to our sincere regard for his consecrated, Christian life 
and faithful service. We mourn our own loss, but re- 
joice in his triumphal and abundant entrance into the 
joys of the life eternal. 

We here repeat, in substance, what we hear on the 
streets and in the homes of the entire community: "We 
are shocked. He was a good man. He was so cheerful 
and so accommodating. Certainly this is a great loss 
to our whole community in many ways." We sorrow 
with his many relatives and pass to them this, our inade- 
quate, tribute to his character and useful life. 

(Signed) The Berean Class, 
Mrs. Fred Danforth, President. 

Arthur Given, Teacher. 

By reason of his call to the home heyond, by the 
Lord, we have all suffered a keen loss, and the church' 
has lost one of her faithful, earnest workers. While 
we are greatly saddened by the breaking of earthly 
ties, wc do not, for a moment, sorrow without hope. 

We shall meet again and be forever at rest in the home 
prepared by Jesus for his faithful followers. " I go 
to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a 
place for j-ou, I will come again, and receive you unto 
myself; that where I am, there ye may be also." 

..». D. L. M. 

My Possessions 


The birds are mine; their charming songs, their 
wealth of coloring, their winsome ways. I never tire 
of feasting my eyes on their beauty, my ears with their 
songs. When the mocking bird sings on my roof-tree 
in the noon of the night there is an answering song 
in my heart. 

I listened to a sweet singer. Her song is mine. I 
can not sing a note, but her song echoed and reechoed 
in my heart. It strengthened the good in me ; it dis- 
couraged the evil. Her song was immortal, and it is 

A friend shook hands with me this morning. We 
looked into each other's eyes. That glance, that warm 
handclasp, is mine ; they can not be taken from me. 
Is not their uplift permanent? Can coldness of other 
men take their warmth from me? I am rich, for I ■ 
have a friend. 

The glory of the newborn morning is mine as truly 
as though my eyes alone saw its freshness and beauty. 
Here is a glorious morning, a fresh manifestation of 
God, a new opportunity to love and serve and to toil 
and rejoice. Or, perchance, the peace and gorgeous 
coloring of a sunset are before my eyes. God gave 
me eyes to see and to appreciate the work of the Mas- 
ter Artist. No man can take this vision from me. 
The vision is to me a foretaste of the glory of heaven. 

The beautiful poem that I read in the long ago is 
mine. I am not the author but all through the event- 
ful years that have passed, since I drank in its message 
and its beauty, it has echoed and reechoed in my heart, 
and strengthened my life. The poem is mine; no man 
can take it from me. 

In my neighbor's garden are the most rare and 
beautiful flowers. I neither purchased, watered, nor 
cultivated them, but they are mine. I feast my eyes — 
yes, and my soul — on their beauty. The fields of 
dainty wild flowers, which some pass with unseeing 
eyes and heedless feet, are mine. They speak to me 
of my Father's goodness. They bring gladness to my 
eyes and content to my heart. 

The golden oranges are mine, not only the baskets, 
filled with luscious fruit which trie kind-hearted neigh- 
bors bring to my doors, but the masses of fruit upon 
the trees — pictures of gold in frames of living green — 
are mine. I feast my eyes upon them daily. 

Best of all, and most of all, Jesus Christ is mine. 
His patience never fails. His goodness is inexhausti- 
ble. Are not all of my other possessions luminous 
with his goodness and love? They are mine because 
he is mine. My Father's Great Gift to me is Jesus 
Christ, but with him he has freely given me all things. 

Jesus Christ is as much mine as though he had died 
on the cross for me alone. 

"He walks with me, and he talks with me," 
And orens for me the way 
That leads through the land of service sweet, 
To the Land of Endless Day. 

He is my supreme possession. With him I am rich ; 
without him I would be poor though I had all else. 
Your possessions — what are they? Is Christ your 
supreme possession? Are your eyes open? Do you 
see God in the sunrise, the birds, the flowers? Do you 
see him in the mountains and the streams? Do you 
see God everywhere? Are his possessions your pos- 
sessions ? 

Pasadena, Calif. 

Good for Everybody Else 

[The following extracts from the current edition of the Employes' 
Manual of Marshall Field and Company, Chicago, one of the greatest 
department stores of the world, impresses us as good reading for all 
the rest of us. Incidentally it shows how sane reform movements 
are slowly and surely making their way. — Ed.] 

The important part of any rule is the spirit of it^ 
This is gained by understanding the wisdom and 
necessity of it, and not by mere obedience because it 
is a rule. No rule seems hard when we see that it is 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


wise — worked out from experience, made necessary 
by existing conditions. 

The object of these rules is not to abridge the rights 
of any one, but to point out the path which we believe 
to he the wise one to follow. The traveler, making his 
way over unaccustomed roads, is grateful for the 
guide-post which tell? him the way to his destination. 
He never complains when the sign at the crossing tells 
him to go the uphill way, because he knows he is on 
the right road. 

We wish you to see, back of these rules, our earnest 
desire to conduct this great institution in the most 
harmonious manner; to give you the benefit of long 
experience; to save you the retracing of unguided 
steps ; to enable you to grow in the knowledge of 
sound business principles and thus to become a credit 
to yourself and to the house. . . 
Women's Dress 
Dress goes far in making the impression of our per- 
sonality upon others. We have around us a building 
and fixtures that are the dress of Marshall Field & 
Company and in their dignity, simplicity, and harmony, 
express the personality of the house. The same dignity 
that is seen around us is a worthy principle to apply 
to the matter of personal dress. To this end, black 
•has been selected as the most appropriate color for 
wear during business hours ; and all women in the 
house are required to wear it while on duty. Black 
skirts may be worn and, with them, black, white, 
natural pongee or linen waists. . Colored trimmings of 
any sort, or materials of black, white or pongee, with 
colored figures, are not permissible, but colored neck- 
wear of modest shades and designs may be worn. 

A business-like appearance is not attained in a dress 
with short sleeves and low neck which, therefore, may 
not be worn. Neither can we allow material ostensibly 
designed for occasions requiring formal dress, such as 
velvets, brocades, and very sheer material. Definite 
rules as to the height of the neck or the quality of 
material are difficult to make, and not in accord with 
the spirit of the house, but a more thorough under- 
standing of the Marshall Field & Company idea, " To 
do the right thing at the right time in the right way," 
will give the best principle to follow in all cases. 

During cold weather and in places where draughts 
are unavoidable, as on the first floor near the entrances, 
black sweaters or jackets may be worn, but we recom- 
mend warm underclothing and woolen dresses in ex- 
treme weather. Black, dark-brown, and dark-tan 
shoes may be worn, but all other shades will be avoid- 
ed. High heels, also fancy tops, or tops of another 
color than the vamps should be avoided. Hosiery and 
spats should match the shoes. 

Men's Apparel 
Men will avoid unusual color combinations of 
hosiery and neckwear and loud, flashy apparel. When 
not wearing vests, in warm weather, you will always 
keep your coats buttoned. You will be no less careful 
than the women in avoiding extreme styles in dress. 
unbusinesslike jewelry, campaign buttons, and strong 

Gum, Tobacco, etc. 
The use of gum and tobacco is absolutely prohibited 
on the premises. Candy, fruit, nuts, or luncheon may 
be eaten in the lunchroom only and during the hour 

for luncheon. . ^ . 

Sister Elizabeth (Horn) Camerer, died Dec. 19, 1920, 
aged one Hundred years, six months and twenty-eight 
days. She was born in Franklin County, Pa., May 21. 
1820. At about the age of fifteen, she came with her 
parents to this part of Blair County, Pa., known a* 
Morrison's Cove. She married James Camerer, who pre- 
ccJed her Oct. 10, 1891. Later in life sh. united with the 
Church of the Brethren, in which faith" she consistently 
lived. There were three sons and five daughters. Two 
daughters preceded her. 

Being deprived of the advantage of schooling in her 
girlhood, she could not read nor write until about eighty 
years of age, when she started with a First Reader and 
continued to master more difficult texts until she was able 
to read the Bible. 

Services in the Martinsburg church by Eld. M. R. Brum- 
baugh, assisted by others. Burial in the Spring Hope 
cemetery. J- H. Crofford. 

Martinsburg, Pa. 

The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

Make Your Money Mean More 

The above caption will be tbe slogan for thrift week 
from Jan. 17 to Jan. 23. The Young Men's Christian 
Association is trying to make Thrift Week a partial 
remedy, at least, for the terrib"le extravagance Mint has 
swept over our country during the past few years. 
Money has been poured like water into jewelry, silks, 
moving pictures,* high-priced motor cars and other 
luxuries. The young people of this generation must 
learn thrift, or America will ultimately bow to the 
nations whose young people do ! 

Thrift was the corner-stone of success and character 
with the fathers of our own church. Tnto the rich 
heritage of that training we have come to find our- 
selves possessed of great opportunities and comforts, 
for which God will hold us responsible ! Tbe lessons 
of thrift, industry and self-control must be taught our 
young people I Tbe more money we have, the more 
difficult it is to teach these lessons and to know the 
value of money. We must make it mean more. How 
little some try to save it! [low carelessly we spend 
it! How selfishly we use or hoard it! Some call it 
" filthy lucre." Others say it is " tbe root of all evil," 
These are perversions of Scripture. To put money 
above life, righteousness, religion, and duty, makes it 
such. It is the love of money, for selfish possession or 
selfish use, that gets us into all kinds of trouble. 

What is money? In its simplest form, it is a medium 
of exchange. In its larger meaning — that of which 
we are now thinking — it is property and possession, 
which stands for character and life. Money is your- 
self. It is stored-up life! A man works a day and 
his employer gives him five dollars. That is five dol- 
lars' worth of himself, of his time, strength, and 
ability. ' Another man may, by his judgment and 
executive ability, plan a business, manage a factory or 
invent a machine that will, in twenty-five years, make 
him a millionaire. That money is simply his life-work 
stored up in money. A man's money, spent in selfish 
indulgence, is simply his life wasted to his shame and 
the curse of others. A man's property saved is a 
storage battery of power that may be hitched to the 
forces of life, either for the ruin of men, or for their 
uplift and salvation. 

We do not mean to say here that money is as good 
as life. Not by any maans is it that, for money is 
helpless in itself. It can not buy life and can only 
work through life. Money gets its value for good or 
ill from its owner. It is like some other canned goods 
— only a poor substitute for the real thing. Yet. since 
consecrated lives'have not been distributed throughout 
the world to save and serve, this storage process can 
be used in part, by those who have Jailed to do their 
work direct, by training and sending others. 

It is best to give our lives in direct service, for 
service is like some fruit — a bit sweeter at the place 
of production. But since the toiler needs food and 
clothing, years of training and development, certainly 
he who provides these must be a sharer with the 
worker, both in service and reward. But he who 
wastes both life and money, can only pray that others 
may not be as foolish as he. 

So let us make our money mean more. It can mean 
jnore to us and' to others. Since it represents our 
very life, let us make it helpful in proportion to what 
we have. Let us not waste it, nor spend it for that 
which is not bread! Do not selfishly use it while 
others suffer and die! That was the only charge 
against the rich man who suffered in torment ! Let 
us share our lives with others, both personally and by 
our money ! To do this, we must save it. To save it 
we must begin now. Thrift is more a matter of 
character than cash. It-begins with the size of your 
purpose rather than that of your pocket-book. Both 
must grow together, too, for if your pocket-book gets 
the mastery over your life, God pity you indeed. 
Money is a friend who can say to you, what but few 
friends do: " If you take care of me, I will take care 

of you." But money ends with the body — it must be 
exchanged for heavenly coin, to be of any use beyond 

the grave. God help us In make it mean IhiH much 
for ourselves and others! 

The Real Christmas Spirit 

Tin: Christmas offering, that arrived a few days 
ago from a Colorado church, amounted to nearly 
SI. 000 for the Chinese and Armenian sufferers. They 
admit it was a liberal offering, but they felt that " they 
enjoyed their own Christmas dinner all the more for 
having done it." We were about to say : " God bless 
these good people," but this is an unnecessary prayer, 
for the Lord has fully promised that " the liheral soul 
shall be made fat." 

While these lines are being written, a cheek comes 
from an Iowa church for more than $2,000 as a Christ- 
mas offering to tbe Chinese Famine Fund: also one 
for more than $300 from an Illinois church as a similar 
offering. Both of these latter i bin . lies gave more 

than $30 per member for the general church work in 
the Forward Movement canvass lasl spring, and we 
have every reason to believe that they will pay it all 
in the year. 

This is the spirit of giving that honors our Lord. 
It is unnecessary to say that these churches are wide- 
awake in their spiritual life and service. No individual 
or congregation can thus give without receiving a 
bounteous return from the grace of God. You say: 
" li is easy for them!" Not altogether. Some may 
need to borrow to meet their pledges to the Lord's 
work ; hut why should we be less mindful of our agree- 
ment with the church or the Lord than with our fellow- 
man? Perhaps in no land or age was money so plenti- 
ful as in our own land during the past few years. 
Now he shall be wisest who trusts the Lord, in these 
days of less money, and more food than we can eat. 
" Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he 
find faith on the earth?" Let us share in faith with 
others, as that time approaches! 

A Good Book 

"Fundamentals of Prosperity " is the title of a 
little book by Roger W. Babson that we should like lo 
recommend to those who appreciate a thought-provok- 
ing testimony to the Christian religion. Mr. Babson's 
reputation, as one of the country's greatest statisticians, 
and whose views on business and finance are sought 
by the bankers and manufacturers of the nation, is 
sufficient evidence of his ability to speak on business 

lie gives a splendid testimony to the practicability 
,,f the teachings of Jesus. His tribute to the church, 
as the guardian of this truth, is just as high. His 
statements are based on the careful investigation of 
facts, fo»wbich his corporation is noted, rather than 
anv views or prejudices of bis own. He does not 
develop every idea he suggests, but they are thought- 
provoking outbursts of a practical man. His testimony 
In the religion of the old-fashioned kind has a reason. 
He aims to show that the Bible is practical and the 
devout following of Christ is not only the wisest thing 
for our present need, but for future generations. 

Let us suggest that you send $1 to the Brethren Pub- 
lishing House and get this book. Then read it. 
Thoughtfully and prayerfully consider its message to 
the end that lesus' teaching shall be maintained in our 
every-day life. It will enrich us in character and not 
impoverish us in property. To those who have lost the 
far-off vision of God, it may give sufficient reasons m 
immediate reward for the family altar. Christian home 
and church. Its message suggests that unless we turn 
10 the light of Christ and follow it. we are but hasten- 
ing the day of darkness and need in the world. 

Covetous men need money least, yet most desire it. 
Only the truly wise use it profitably. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


Is It You? 


Dear heart of mine, do life's affairs seem tangled? 
Is your mind troubled ? Does the future appear misty ? 
Are your problems too complex for immediate solving ? 
Do you feel weak and discouraged? 

There is a panacea for your ills. Go in faith be- 
lieving to the Master Teacher. He will gladly give 
you wisdom, grace and strength. Your part is only 
to ask and to ask aright, and he will show you how to 

Don't grieve! He will have it all straightened out 
for you. Smile, trust and try again ! - 

Aline, Okla. 

Practical Points on Men's Meetings 


The first time I ever spoke to an audience of men 
alone, I learned two things: The first was that it is 
necessary to use well-selected, chaste and somewhat 
dignified terms in speaking of sexual matters. I 
thought, before I tried it, that since men only were 
present, there need be no limit to the plainness of my 
words. But one can make his meaning clear and yet 
use discretion. I learned, second, that one must keep 
foremost the purpose of being helpful to the men in 
the audience. I fear that my purpose that time was 
to keep those men from sin, so as to shield women 
and children from harm. But I have since learned that 
one should credit them with a desire to do right, and 
give them something that will help along the way. 
Then they will listen gladly. 

Here is what often takes place: A men's meeting is 
announced and the best men of the community come. 
Here are the virtuous, white-haired fathers and the 
strong, pure-minded young men, seated together, 
awaiting the message. Then the speaker gets up and 
cracks some rancid jokes to gain their attention. Then 
he argues and persuades them to abstain from crimes 
of unchastity which they had never intended to com- 
mit. The tendency of such logic is the same as if one 
should say that it really is improper to commit murder ; 
it would be implied that there is nothing wrong in 
knocking a man down, or in anything less than murder. 
Instead of raising the standard, it is lowered. 

It is not necessary to do anything to gain the at- 
tention of men except to show a genuine interest and 
appreciation for them. And as long as you speak 
about something which vitally concerns them, they 
continue to listen. Impress upon them the sacredness 
of life in all its phases. Point out the hindrances to 
a normal development of the body and the diseases 
which result from sin. Be sure to emphasize the im- 
portance of the source of our actions, . viz., our 
thoughts and words. Enlist your hearers in the fight 
for a cleaner country. 

Now I trust I have not, by my criticisms, abused any 
one to hesitate to conduct a men's meeting where he 
sees the need. We do need more of these meetings, 
and women's meetings also. If the speaker admires 
the clean life and has love for his hearers, lie is not 
likely to make a mistake. 

Muneie, Ind. 

A Chance to Give a Million 


Yesterday there came a call on behalf of the 
starving Armenians and this evening a neighbor took 
my dollar for a renewal membership in the Red Cross. 
On another day it was a subscription to help certain 
victims of a fire and on still another day there was a 
check for a mission churchhouse. Hard upon the heels 
of this last came a pressing need for a little mite to 
help in enlarging our own churchhouse. Of course, 
calls have come from every Alumni Association that 
the writer has ever belonged to. In one case they just 
. had to have new training quarters, and in another, cer- 

tain present facilities needed to be completed, or great 
loss would result. In a third case all alumni were 
urgently invited to contribute to some sort of anni- 
versary fund. Thus almost every day has brought its 
chance to give a million, but as the writer is not even 
a ten thousand a year man, he has had to take most of 
the cases under advisement. 

Indeed, it seems that almost all circles, from the 
Ladies' Aid_to the Knights of the Spinning-wheel, are 
not only completely organized but also have a sub- 
scription paper in the field. At about this point the 
gentle reader will doubtless " shed the sympathizing 
tear," for he, too, has met with opportunities to give 
a million, but on sober second thought has been com- 
pelled to pare the gift to a dollar bill. One can not 
help but occasionally long for the good old days when 
the worst that could happen was the advent of the 
magazine subscription man or the sewing-machine 
agent. It is too bad that St. Paul did not take the 
time to give us some of the context of the statement 
of the Master, that it is more blessed to give than to 

But such is the uncertainty of life, and in the midst 
of it all the average giver is obliged to make his deci- 
sion — to give or to withhold. Of late the stress has 
been such that many average givers have passed from 
the state of benevolent generosity to that of utter con- 
fusion. Of course we really need to consider only 
those who have contrived to save a little of their 
property. If the writer has appeared a little playful 
with his theme it is most likely to be attributed to a 
case of nerves engendered by "undo " pressure on the 
pocket-book. With this explanation let us pass to a 
more sober consideration of the present dilemma. 

The first and great principle that ought to be mus- 
tered up, in defense of the average giver, is the princi- 
ple of selection. Let the average giver become a little 
more cautious. Pick your causes for support as the 
vicar of Wakefield selected his wife, that is, for the 
qualities that wear well. In this connection we wish 
to speak a good word for the larger enterprises under 
the direction of the church. Here are tested and 
worthy avenues -of effort that deserve our help. In 
all ages the organized church, in spite of her faults, 
has been a great conserving and constructive force. 
There are times, however, when it seems too easy to 
get under the shadow of the venerable church and 
make a. cause appear more worthy than it really is. 
Perhaps it would not be a bad idea to publish, occa- 
sionally, a list of benevolences to which the average 
giver could contribute with a whole heart. It would 
seem that no good cause would suffer because of this, 
and certain unworthy causes would stand a better 
chance to get weeded out. There might be some grave 
obstacles to such a. step, but it is clear that the average 
giver needs some protection if his interest and re- 
sources are to be conserred for the highest ends. Of 
course, after all is said and done, the average reader 
will have to do his best, to use his judgment and to 
keep an open mind. But after the benevolences that 
go with the promotion of the ends of the church are 
met, one will do well to exercise a deal of care. 

La Verne, Calif. 

Jesus and Him Crucified 


I WAS very much interested" in the editorial, " Up- 
to-Date Preaching." It reminded me of a little inci- 
dent connected with our life in India. 

We were staying at a boarding-house on one of our 
shopping-trips to the city, where we met a converted 
Parsi gentleman and his English wife, both of them 
very earnest Christian people. Mr. Mody, the gentle- 
man, was a minister, and preached on a certain corner 
of the most prominent city streets every day. Bro, 
Berkebile would go there with him, whenever he was 
in the city and had the time to spare. After my hus- 
band had a preaching knowledge of the language, Mr. 
Mody would ask him to preach. The first time he 
asked this, Steven said : " Bro. Mody, what line of 
thought would it be best to follow? " At this, the old 
preacher said : " Jesus and Him Crucified ! I have 

preached on that corner for forty years, every day, 
and always it has been Jesus and his love. It is a great 
city and many pass that way but once and if I do not 
tell them of Jesus, perhaps they may never hear it." 
Of course the young missionary preached Jesus that 
day on the street of Bombay, feeling, as never before, 
the importance of his message. Later on he often 
mentioned the words of the old Parsi preacher, and 
the importance of preaching the Gospel Message in- 
stead of so much that does not so immediately con- 
cern the salvation of men's souls. 

What a lesson for the easily discouraged ones was 
that of the saintly old minister who had come to the 
Lord through great tribulation! For forty years he 
had preached there and could not point to one soul 
that he was sure had been converted by his preaching, 
yet he was not discouraged, " for," said he, " I can 
only give the message and the Lord will care for the 
results. I am obeying him in preaching the Word as 
earnestly as I know how, and why should I worry 
about it when I know that he alone giveth the increase 
to the planted and watered seed? " As I think of the 
surprise that will be in store for that old preacher, 
when the Lord shows him the result of his earnest 
efforts at the close of his labors, and when he enters 
into the fuller life, I see a surprised soul who will say : 
"When, Lord, did we do all this for thee?" 

A niece of ours was at school at Wellesley. There 
many of the prominent ministers of Boston and other 
cities of the East would preach for them. She said 
they used to get quite hungry for a real Gospel ser- 
mon. " Seemingly so many of the ministers who came 
appeared to feel that, since they were talking to stu- 
dents and teachers, they must talk about scientific 
questions and the prominent problems of the day, and 
clothe their thoughts in such beautiful and flowery 
language that all thought of Christ and his power 
seemed to be lost. We had those things in school, 
and going to church for soul-food, we were disappoint- 
ed. Occasionally a man of God would come and give 
us an inspiring message, clothed in simple language, 
and how the girls enjoyed the rich, spiritual feast!" 

The world talks on secular questions through the 
week until it is tired of them. On Sunday a little 
more of Jesus and him crucified would be much appre- 
ciated and save more souls. 

Jewell, Ohio. 

On Being Cynical 


When Phocion, the Athenian, was interrupted, in 
the course of a speech, by loud applause, he turned 
to one of his friends and said : " I must, without know- 
ing it, have said some foolish thing." Dr. Samuel 
Johnson often lapsed into the same cynical attitude. 
On one occasion he was sitting next to a young man 
at table who laughed loudly at some of the learned 
doctor's witticisms. " Young man," said Dr. Johnson, 
" I sincerely hope I have said nothing you could com- 

Some men find it very easy to say things which cut 
like the la'sh of a whip and which are, at the same 
time, extremely smart. Such people invariably gain a 
reputation for exceptional brilliancy which, no doubt, 
they deserve, for it is not easy to think of a dull per- 
son as being sarcastic. Nevertheless, it is also true 
that the cynic can have no lovers. He may be ad- 
mired, and no doubt much feared, but none will ever 
want to make him their confidant. 

For most of us — for all of us — the only way to 
usefulness is to cultivate kindly and sympathetic quali- 
ties. No man can possibly be a successful minister, 
or Sunday-school teacher, or Christian worker, of 
any kind, if he sets out to be a cynic. The one thing 
which the cynic has not, is a deep respect — even rev- 
erence — for human nature. In his attitude of con- 
tempt towards others he is as far removed from the 
spirit of Jesus as it is possible to be. The old school- 
master who said that he always uncovered his head in 
the presence of children, was certainly a good deal 
nearer the truth than any cynic could ever be. 

Toronto, Canada. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 



Healers of Men 

You have chosen the noblest work in the world. 

Are your hearts, then, strong to serve? 
Are you clothed with a cloak of strength? 

Have you steel in your every nerve? 

Not yours the life of warmth and ease, 

With time for home and a friend, 
Nor yours to strive in the sight of men, 

With a prize of gold at the end. 

Where sin and want walk hand in hand, 

Men shall call that you make them whole. 

In the deepest pit of our human shame 
You shall grope for a woman's soul. 

You shall match your strength with the power of death 

And. give your soul to the strife; 
Reward enough in the throb of joy 

When-'you know you have saved a life. 

And though you meet but the black defeat 

That sickens your heart and brain, 
There still, abides what shall stir your soul 

And arm you to fight again. 

No grateful people shall raise a shaft 

To blazon your glory high, 
Though your life was spent to serve their needs 

Though it be for their needs you die. 

And still from the day that you leave the schools 

Till the end when your course is run, 
Your work is the noblest work in the world. 

God bless you, every one. 

—Alice Weld Tallant. 

A Cup of Cold Water 


Today he is a "fine, broad-minded, congenial attorney 
in a prosperous little Indiana town, but a number of 
years ago he was a little ragged, motherless boy, bat- 
tling against the most adverse circumstances, and 
acquiring thereby two of life's most wonderful attri- 
butes — sympathy and charity for his fellow-men. Only 
those who have drunk the dregs of poverty, whose 
childhood and youth have been robbed of their natural 
joys because of the blighting hand of penury, only 
those, I say, are able wholly to sympathize and truly 
to understand the one who is floundering deeply in 
the sea of suffering, chagrin and misunderstanding, 
because of the many obstacles that poverty Is con- 
tinually throwing about him. 

And although this little boy's life was cramped and 
his happiness dwarfed, because of adverse circum- 
stances, he, through sheer pluck and a grim determina- 
tion to succeed, overcame all obstacles beneath his 
feet, and forged straight ahead to a successful and 
worth-while manhood. And instead of becoming 
hardened by his experiences, he grew up with a great 
heart of love and sympathy for the boy or girl, man 
or woman, whose lot it was to battle against poverty 
or adversity, and he was an ever-ready and ever-help- 
ful friend to such a one. 

For a number of years I have known this broad- 
minded man, and recently I was fortunate enough to 
get his own story, just as he told it to a friend of his, 
who happened to be a close relative of mine, and I 
will attempt to reproduce it as nearly exact as I can: 

My parents came from Holland and located on a 
farm near the town of M . They were hard- 
working, frugal-living people and for many years 
fought poverty with all their might. There were three 
children — my older brother and a baby sister, besides 
myself. The fall that I was four years old, I remem- 
ber, as young as I was, of hearing my parents talk 
of the good fortune that had attended us that year. 
Father said: "Well, mother, this winter is going to 
be the best we have had yet. We have plenty of grain 
to furnish us our bread, and we will have two hogs 
to kill, which will furnish us with meat and lard. 
Surely, we ought to be thankful." 

But only a short time after this optimistic speech 
mother took sick with a dreadful disease and died. I 
will never forget the lonely little procession * that 
trudged sadly back to the little house after the burial. 
Father, brother, baby sister and myself went back to 
the desolate home and took up the broken threads of 

existence. Father's optimism had received a harsh, 
cruel blow, but he bravely and manfully assumed the 
responsibility of bringing us up as best lie could. He 
would not hear of giving us up, and although neighbors 
and friends were most kind and helpful, giving us 
many a lift, and showing their sympathy and solicitude 
in numberless ways, yet. what a hard, cheerless winter 
that was! Mother was gone and father was forced to 
exert every effort in his power to keep the wolf from 
the door and to keep his little brood together. 

There is much I can not recall, but I do know that 
T was sent to school that winter,- although T was very 
young. We went to school with hut scant clothing. 
In our buckets we carried bread spread with lard for 
lunch — nothing else. Rut we got through that winter 
and through the succeeding winters, somehow. Father 
managed to keep us in school, always determined that 
our after-lives should not be handicapped by illiteracy. 

As we children grew older, wc did what we could 
to help relieve father of the burden of work and debt, 
but we remained poor. I had long cherished a desire 
to become a teacher, and after finishing the home 

school I went to V , to take a normal course of 

one year. Well did I know that I could not hope to 
move in the same circle as did other boys of my age, 
but I also knew that if I ever reached the goal which 
I had set, I would have to pocket my pride, and forge 
straight ahead. 

I purchased a pair of trousers for one dollar, and 
with other clothyig to correspond, I started into that 
•year of normal work. I took good care of those 
trousers, and when I finished the year's work and re- 
ceived a teacher's certificate, it was in those same 
trousers that I began my teaching career. I plunged 
heartily into the work that I loved. Wages were low, 
but I was satisfied. I met and married the girl of my 
choice and we settled down with little outside of the 
bare necessities of life, but we were happy. I was 
engaged in the work that I loved, and the way began 
to open up toward better things. I became principal 
of the school and I believe I was quite successful, but T 
have never lost the memory of those bard years of 
childhood and youth, which poverty thrust upon us. 
My own life has been made broader and much more 
charitable to all mankind, because of those years. 

It was during my work as principal of the school 
here that a little incident occurred which I have never 

In one of the lower rooms was a bey, the proverbial 
" bad boy " whom almost every school has, named 
Charley. He was an intelligent boy, but because of 
his continual pranks and misdemeanors he seldom had 
a well-prepared lesson and was a source of never- 
ending trouble to his teachers. He had been punished 
and disciplined in every form, but to no avail. 

One evening, after dismissal, Charley's teacher came 
marching him up to my door, demanding that I disci- 
pline him for some late prank. Her overwrought 
nerves could stand no more. I promised to take charge 
of the culprit and she left. I had heard of Charley 
before. I knew he was the son of a poor widow, 
living in the town, and that he was continually getting 
into trouble. I looked him over, and about the first 
thing of importance, that conveyed itself to my in- 
telligence, was the fact that Charley wore a pair of 
dollar trousers. Everything else faded into insignifi- 
cance. Before my eyes rushed the memory of my 
own poverty-blighted youth and I wondered if, per- 
haps, this boy, who stood before me, was not being 
misunderstood and wronged deeply, because of cir- 
cumstances over which he had no control. Could I 
thrash him after that? No, indeed. As he sullenly 
waited for the expected punishment, I assumed the 
most cheerful voice I could command and said to 
him: " Can't you go along home with me for supper, 
Charley? " 

This took him almost off his feet. He glanced 
hastily up into my face, to see if I was in earnest. 

" Why, I don't suppose so, 'cause mother wouldn't 
know where I was." 

"Well, we'll fix that all right," I said. " We'll just 
go around that way and ask your mother's permis- 

" Well, I don't care then," he answered- in a relieved 

So we started off together. First we stopped at the 
butcher shop, where I purchased enough steak for 
supper— a luxury we not often indulged in — but this 
was to be a special occasion. We then went to the 
boy's home. His mother was plainly agitated when 
she saw me and, looking at her son, said sadly : " Now. 
Charley, what have you been doing again?" — for this 
was not the first time Charley had been accompanied 
home by a teacher. 

" Oh, nothing at all, Mrs. N ," I hastened to 

assure her. "I just came to see if you cared if 
Charley took supper with me tonight. I want him." 

An evident feeling of relief quickly manifested it- 
self in her tired face, as she said cheerfully: " Why. 
yes, he can go if you want him to." 

So we trudged off towards home, talking of things 
which interest a boy, and becoming better acquainted 
every moment. Without his knowledge I was study- 
ing his case, and by the time we reached home I had 
made a fairly correct diagnosis of the same. 

We had a simple supper of steak, gravy and pota- 
toes, that night, but how that hoy did cat! Tt did our 
hearts good to see him oat so ravenously, and we, in 
turn, ate more, and enjoyed the meal better than usual, 
because of his evident appreciation. 

After supper was over I told Charley I had a little 
business up town and asked him In go along. He read- 
ily consented and we again conversed freely on things 
dear to a boy's heart, as we walked slowly along. Not 
one word had we mentioned about school. I steered 
the conversation as far away from that as 1 could. 

Wc went into the general department store that our 
little town boasted of. The manager and T were good 
friends. I asked him to lay out a complete outfit for 
a boy the size of Charley, lie did so and, taking in 
the situation, he modestly made me a price of less 
than ten dollars for the outfit. T could hardly afford 
to spend even so small a sum hut I did it. 

With the package tucked proudly under his arm, 
we left the store, and I offered to walk home with him. 
The boy's gratitude was almost pitiful to see, As we 
walked slowly towards his home I broached the sub- 
ject of school to him. I praised his intelligence and 
told him how sadly I deplored the fact that he was 
not making the most of his privileges and of how, in 
the future, I was going to expect big things of him, 
and that I was perfectly sure he would come up to my 
expectations. He said but little. Tt was. not neces- 
sary for him to* say much, even had be been able to 
do so. A perfect understanding existed between us. 
I hade him good-night and went home. 

That was the turning-point in that hoy's life. 
Steadily but surely he mounted to the head of his 
classes. No longer were his teachers harassed and 
worried by his pranks and misconduct. He displayed 
a really conscientious application to his work. He 
finished his school and left the town. After a few 
years I gave up teaching and took up the study and 
practice of law, and the little incident had almost 
faded from my memory. 

One day, several years ago, I was standing on the 
street, when some one came up and grasped me by the 
shoulders. I turned and looked into the frank eyes 
of a stranger. 

" Don't you know me, Rob? " he asked, looking me 
full in the eyes. 

" No, sir, you've got me," I answered. 

"Well, I'm the rascal you took home with you for 
supper one evening and then brought me up here and 
bought me a whole new outfit of clothes, when I ex- 
pected, and maybe deserved, nothing but a sound 
thrashing. Remember ? " 

" Yes, Charley, I do remember," I said, grasping his 
outstretched hand, and when I saw his eyes swimming 
in tears, I am not ashamed to confess that my own 
filled, in spite of an effort to blink them back. 
' "Well, Rob, it paid. You made a man of me by 
that act of brotherly kindness and human sympathy, 
and I'm trying never to forget to pass it on," he said, 
as he linked his arm in mine and started with me 
down the street. 

Syracuse, Ind. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


Calendar for Sunday, January 9 

Sunday-school Lesson, Jesus Teaching Forgiveness. — 
Matt. 18:21-35. 

Christian Workers' Meeting, God's Kingdom First. — 
Matt. 6:24-33; Luke 12:29-31. 

* + ♦ * 
Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Muncic church. Ind. 

One baptism in the Hart church, Mich. 

Two baptisms in the Scbring church. Fla. 

One was restored in the Ashland church, Oregon. 

Three baptisms at Huntsdale, Pa., — Bro. Little, of Han- 
over, Pa., evangelist. 

Two were baptized and one reclaimed in the South Los 
Angeles church, Calif. 

One confession in the Burr Oak church, Kans., — Bro. 
G. W. Burgin, pastor, in charge. 

One baptism in the Worden church. Wis., — Bro. S. C. 
Miller, of Chicago, 111., evangelist. 

Eighteen conversions at McPherson, Kans.,— Bro. A. B. 
Miller. Bridgcwater, Va., evangelist. 

Six baptisms in the Coal Creek congregation, 111., — Bro. 
Noah Miller, of La Place, 111., evangelist. 

Ten baptisms in the Black River church, Ohio, — Bro. 
.1. W. Barwick, of Philadelphia, Pa., evangelist. 

Five confessions in the Ottawa church, Kans., — Bro. E. 
F. Caslow, of Grand Rapids, Mich., evangelist. 

Eleven baptisms in the Beech Grove church. Ohio,— 
Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onckama, Midi., evangelist. 

Three baptisms in the Cherry Lane house, Snake Spring 
church, Pa.,— Bro. 1. B. Kensinger, of Martinsburg, Pa., 

Fourteen baptisms in the Bloom church, Kans.,— 
Brother and Sister O. H. Austin, of McPherson, Kans., 

Ten were baptized and one was reclaimed in the West 
Charleston church. Ohio,— Bro. Van B. Wright, of Peebles, 
Ohio, evangelist. 

Three confessed Christ, two of whom were baptized in 
the Potsdam church, Ohio,— Bro. T. D. Buttcrbaugh, Sil- 
ver Lake, Ind., evangelist. 

Twenty-seven came into the Beaver Creek church, Ohio, 
and two were reclaimed, — Bro. R. N. Lcathcrman, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio, evangelist. 

One confessed Christ and one is to be reclaimed in the 
Lower Cumberland church, Pa.,— Bro. Reuben Shroycr, of 
North Canton, Ohio, evangelist. 

Six baptisms in the Hershcy church, Pa.,— Bro. Wm. 
K. Conner, of Harrisburg, Pa., evangelist; one was re- 
claimed and seven baptized, following the meetings. 

One was reclaimed and five baptized at the Lane house, 
West Conestoga church, Pa., — Bro. Wm. Conner, of 
Harrisburg, Pa., evangelist; thirty conversions at the 
Middle Creek house, same congregation, — Bro. J. F. 
Myers, of York County, Pa., evangelist. 
* <f> * * 
Personal Mention 

Bro. B. D. Kerlin, formerly of Garrett, Ind., is now in 
pastoral charge at Markle, same State. 

Sister Emma Horning, our missionary to China, now on 
furlough, changes her address from Long Beach, Calif., 
to 5452 Kimbark Avenue, Chicago. 

Bro. Elgin Mover, of Bethany Bible School, spent some 
time at the Publishing House last week, in research work 
in connection with a thesis which he has under prepa- 

Bro. J. F. Burton, who for the last four years has been 
pastor and elder of the Des Moines Valley church, Iowa, 
has accepted the pastorate of the Greene church, same 

Bro. H. E. Blough, of Lindenwood, 111., favored us with 
a pleasant interview on Friday of last week, as he and 
Sister Blough were returning from a Christmas visit with 
friends in Iowa. 

Under date of Dec. 2, a letter was received from Bro. 
J. M. Blough and wife, missionaries to India, stating that 
they landed at Bombay on that day. Their journey was 
begun from San Francisco Oct. 16. 

Bro. Wm. J. Tinkle and wife are now located at Port- 
land, Ind., in pastoral charge of the work there. They 
are also continuing their lecture work for the General 
Temperance and Purity Committee. 

Bro. W. B. Stover left Mount Morris the middle of last 
week for Dayton, Ohio, thence to Ashland, same State, 
thence to Elizabethtown, Pa., and so on, in a tour of In- 
stitute work among our schools and churches which, ac- 
cording to plan, will occupy him until well into the month 
of February. 

A cablegram received by the Mission Rooms from Bro. 
J. H. B. Williams tells of the safe arrival of the deputa- 
tion party at Colombo, Ceylon, Dec. 29. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife, we are sorry to learn, have 
both been suffering with severe colds since returning to 
Mount Morris. The change from Florida to Northern 
Illinois is not an easy one to become adjusted to in mid- 

Bro. I. W. Taylor, Ephrata, Pa., wishes to state to the 
churches of Eastern Pennsylvania that a limited number 
of copies of the Official Directory of that District for 1921 
may be had for the cost of mailing. Address Bro. Tay- 
lor as above. 

Bro. J. E. Young, of Beatrice, Nebr., is located for the 
winter at Jacksonville, Fla. He writes of the much ap- 
preciated open-air Bible services which he is conducting 
among the thousands of tourists. He builds houses six 
days, he says, and soul-life on Sunday. 

$80,000 forChinaFamine 

Up to Jan. 3 

Had you been in the office of the General Mis- 
sion Board at Thanksgiving time and on Christ- 
mas Day, you would have supposed that' every 
church in the Brotherhood was sending greetings, 
for Uncle Sam's big mail-sack seemed to turn up- 
side down and empty all in our office. They were 
greetings, too— financial greetings for the hungry 
people of China. This is a story in which the 
heart figures, for such generosity could come from 
no other source. 

Last October we received word of the China 
Famine, and the Brotherhood was immediately 
asked to raise $25,000 for Famine Relief. At 
first the money came slowly, and before we had 
raised much, a private letter came from China, 
saying that the famine was terrible, and that they 
had asked for too small an amount. Just at this 
point strong hands, nourished by pure blood from 
the hearts of good Brethren folks, grasped firmly 
their pocket-books and checking accounts, and 
with joy in giving they provWed the wherewithal 
that will save 15,000 Chinese lives until the next 
harvest in June. The fund, as this is written, on 
the morning of Jan. 3, amounts to exactly $78,- 
378.14. A large morning mail is before us and we 
are confident that it contains more than enough to 
bring the amount to $80,000. 

May God bless the givers! May their hearts 
ever be kept warm towards the Lord's work and 
humanity! Let us breathe a prayer for suffer- 
ing China, that our missionaries may have 
strength and wisdom from above to administer 
wisely these funds. We have certainly placed a 
big job on their shoulders. 

Most fraternally yours, 
H. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, 
J. J. Yoder, A. P. Blough 

We have just learned of the passing over of Eld. Jacob 
Witmore, of McPhetrson, Kans., who died of paralysis on 
Sunday, Dec. 26. He had been ill for about six weeks, with 
much suffering. For many years, until the infirmities of 
age set in, Bro. Witmore was very active in the ministry, 
being widely known for his remarkable familiarity with 
the Scriptures, and his ability to quote chapter um4 v«rse 
accurately. A more detailed account of his life a*4 hfc»rs 
will be published later. 

By way of correcting a very natural misunderstanding, 
we are requested to state that Galen B. Royer, Jr., now 
located at Mount Morris, 111., as Director of Religious 
Education for Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, though a 
namesake, is not the son or other near relative of the 
more widely-known Galen B. Royer, for many years Sec- 
retary of the General Mission Board and now of Juniata 
College, Huntingdon, Pa. The appellation, Jr., was adopt- 
ed by the younger man as a means of avoiding confusion. 
Neither of the two brethren has ever complained of being 
humiliated by the supposed relationship — both seem 
rather proud of it — but a misapprehension of the facts in- 
volves slight annoyances at times, hence this statement. 

Thousands of "Messenger" readers, who have attended 
one or more of our Conferences held at Winona Lake, 
Ind., will be saddened on learning of the death of Dr. Sol. 
C. Dickey, General Secretary of the Winona Assembly. 
He was still in the vigor of a strong manhood, being but 
sixty-two years of age. His death was caused by apoplexy, 
and occurred Dec. 23 at De Land, Florida, where he was 
spending a part of the winter season. It was Dr. Dickey 
who, more than any other one person, was responsible 
for the growth of Winona until it has become one of the 
greatest religious assembly centers in the United States. 
His pleasing personality will be remembered by all who 
have met him or heard him speak, and many will have rec- 
ollections of personal kindnesses received at his hands. 
He always seemed to take special interest in our Confer- 
ences, finding in our people a strong current of that deep, 
evangelical, religious spirit which was so very manifest 
in himself. 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

Western Pennsylvania has arranged for a series of Mis- 
sionary Educational Institutes, to be held at various 
points in the District, further particulars of which will 
be found on page 28. Brethren Chas. D. Bonsack, H. 
Spenser Minnich^and W. J. Hamilton are the members 
of the team, in charge of the program. 

Programs for Special Bible Terms, etc., are given on 
pages 27 and 28 of this issue— Blue Ridge College, Md., 
Elizabethtown College, Pa., McPherson College, Kans., 
Juniata College, Huntingdon, Pa., and Daleville College, 
Va., being represented. All these are offering excellent 
opportunities to ministers and Sunday-school workers, as 
well as to those who are specially interested in the Daily 
Vacation Church School. We regret that the announce- 
ment for one of the schools, above named, reached us too 
late for last issue, and that only a part of the dates will 
still be available by the time this issue is in the hands of 
our patrons. + 4, * «, 

Miscellaneous Mention 

The Toledo church, Ohio, is just completing its new 
house of worship, and the first service was expected to 
be held Jan. 2. 

Churches desiring week-end Bible Institutes, including 
chalk-talks on the Life of Christ, or those desiring sing- 
ing evangelists or Music Institutes, can be supplied by 
addressing the Extension Department of Bethany Bible 
School, 3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago. 

" If every one whose name is in this book, either as a 
member of the church or as a member of the Sunday- 
school, were to work as the Holy Spirit would wish him 
or her to work, our rooms would be taxed far beyond 
their capacity." The book referred to is the Directory of 
the Germantown church, Philaflelphia, and the words 
quoted are taken from the message of the pastor, Bro. 
M. C. Swigart. Wouldn't it be fine if every member of 
every church would do that? And this too: "Read your 
Bible— pray often — support the church with your means"? 

The District of Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern 
Colorado is getting into the anti-tobacco crusade in ear- 
nest. The Temperance and Purity Committee of that Dis- 
trict, announces a contest in essay writing on the tobacco 
question with special reference to the cigarette. In fact, 
there are to be four contests — two among the boys and two 
among the girls. The matter is to be explained in detail 
in an early issue. Not only will the people of that section 
be interested in it, but our readers everywhere will be 
eager for hints and suggestions which may help in the 
fight against this great evil. 

♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ 

A Bystander's Notes 

Do Not Lose Sight of the Real Aim. — There is a strong 
tendency, in some places, to use the men's adult Bible 
classes to work out reform measures and political propa- 
ganda of various sorts.. Now, one thing is sure — a Bible 
class should be just what its name indicates. To intro- 
duce anything that is absolutely foreign to the object 
or the purpose of the Sunday-school, is to lose sight of 
the real aim in our work. The Sunday-school is different 
from other agencies of uplift, in that it specializes in 
Bible study, and in that only. Its time for that purpose 
is brief enough, at best. Not any of it can be spared for 
other issues. 

Perverted Morals. — Recently a foreign singer of note 
landed on our shores, being under contract to take a lead- 
ing part in grand opera. A devout minister, upon learn- 
ing that the singer's moral reputation was decidedly un- 
savory, strongly inveighed against his appearance before 
the public, claiming that such action by the management 
would be virtually an endorsement of his questionable 
character. Thereupon the singer made his defense in a 
public statement, remarking, among other things, that 
" grand opera is no place for a preacher." Taking that 
utterance at face value, we would say: "What a sweeping 
indictment of grand opera!" Of one thing we are quite 
sure — the people of America have their own ideas of de- 
cency, and are decidedly unwilling to adopt the degenerate 
European standard of morals that is paraded before us in 
the name of " culture." 

Millions of Bibles. — More Bibles, by far, are now in cir- 
culation than at any time in the world's history. In the 
light of that fact, one of the last utterances of Tom 
Paine is quite suggestive of his astounding misconcep- 
tion: " In five years from now there will not be a Bible in 
America. I have gone through the Bible with an axe and 
cut down all its trees. They are no longer timber but 
lumber, to be put up with all other lumber on the shelf. 
The Bible is a tissue of absurdities and falsehoods, which 
I will expose to the ridicule of the world." How true that 
Tom Paine, with all the fire and brilliancy of his per- 
verted genius, was a very deluded and false prophet. Now 
seven-tenths of the population of the world have Bibles 
in their own languages. A century ago only one-fifth of 
the population of the world had the Bible in their own 
language. Each year nearly 20,000,000 of Protestant Bibles, 
and portions thereof, are published in five hundred lan- 
guages and dialects. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


A Day of Readjustments 
Having but fairly entered upon the activities of the new 
year, some decidedly unpleasant facts already confront 
the people of our land. Many industrial plants have shut 
down, or have materially curtailed operation. Men arid 
women are out of work, or are going to be. Commodity 
prices have been drastically cut, and great losses have 
been experienced. Undoubtedly, this is the day of read- 
justment. America, like all the rest of the world, has 
passed through the greatest convulsion in history. It 
is suffering the unescapable consequences. But as it had 
to endure far less than Europe, it is emerging first from 
the situation. It stands secure today — the richest and 
most powerful of nations, facing the difficult problems 
of today and tomorrow with justified confidence. Our 
thankfulness should surely show itself in a most practical 

Our Greatest Glory 
While, at times, our enthusiasm is unbounded, as we 
glory in the fact that America is " the land of the free and 
the home of the brave," its brightest luster is not found 
in that happy state. Its guaranty of religious liberty 
means much, but even that is not America's chief excel- 
lence. Its unsurpassed and unfailing glory rests in the 
fact that it is the land of the liberal heart and the helping 
hand. That means a good deal to the starving Chinese 
and the millions of under-nourished children in Central 
Europe. How fitting are the words, uttered by Mr. Her- 
bert Hoover in an appeal, just recently, in Boston: "To 
me it is a glory to the United States that 3,500,000 hungry 
waifs should sit every day at our table. For I would 
rather have the American flag implanted in the hearts of 
the children of Europe than flying over any citadel of 

A Veritable Lighthouse 
For many years the Syrian Protestant College, at Beirut, 
has been of untold benefit to that entire section. The trus- 
tees recently decided that in view of its eminent advance, 
hereafter it is to be known as the "American University of 
Beirut." The change of name indicates, measurably at 
least, the growth of the institution that began, some 
years ago, with but sixteen students in a small rented 
house." Today the school, with its forty-seven acres of 
campus, twenty-six buildings, and one thousand students, 
stands as a memorial of the faithful endeavors of the late 
Dr. H. S. Bliss, who served as its president for eighteen 
years. A greater influence for Christianity in the Near 
East is exerted by this most important educational in- 
stitution, than by any other means. Three thousand grad- 
uates have been trained at Beirut since the opening of 
the school. 

New Missionary Responsibilities 
New administrations in some of the islands of the 
Pacific, by reason of mandates, assigned to Japan, New 
Zealand and Australia, have given a new turn to the situ- 
ation, and the days of readjustment are full of missionary 
opportunity. Samoa comes by mandate under the control 
of New Zealand, while Australia faces responsibilities for 
what was New Guinea before the war. Not generally 
known, perhaps> is the fact that there are still hundreds of 
thousands of aborigines in the Pacific who are unevangel- 
ized. The island of New Britain is nearly four hundred 
miles long, but less than thirty miles of its length has been 
touched by missionary effort. New Hanover of, perhaps, 
20,000 population, has only one or two native teachers. 
More than 100,000 people in St. Matthias, Lihir, Tabar, 
Anoi, and other points have never been brought in touch 
with the Gospel. There is still need of willing workers. 

Terrestrial Disturbances Again 
China and Japan have severely suffered from recent 
earthquakes. The most severe were reported from Piang 
Liang, Kansu Province, China, where the death toll is 
said to exceed 2,000. Tientsin and Peking were also 
affected. Japanese cities south of Tokio were included in 
the earthquake area. The continued activity of the volcano 
Asama is causing serious alarm. Violent explosions oc- 
curred in the crater, and thick columns of flame and smoke 
shot skyward, setting fire to forests and several villages. 
Latest investigations of scientists attribute many of the 
recent earthquake shocks to leaky ocean beds. Bad plumb- 
ing, geologically speaking, causes serious disorder and 
disruption in the apartments assigned to the human race. 
The Pacific Ocean is said to he particularly leaky. All 
around its margins volcanoes simmer and boil with ocean 
steam. Fresh, young mountain ranges bulge up and the 
land shivers and shakes with their excessive tremors. The 
Mediterranean also leaks badly — in fact, no ocean, appar- 
ently, is leak-proof. Under the immense pressure of one 
thousand atmospheres at the bottom of the sea. water is 
readily forced downward until it reaches the hot interior 
of the globe. Vast masses of steam result, and it is not 
at all strange that, now and then, a new volcano should 
open up, accompanied by convulsive quakes and severe 

A Victory for the Bible 
- Heretofore the writings of Shakespeare have constituted 
the textbook for the study of English literature at the 
University of California. Not until sonic one supgested 
the propriety of a still better choice, did the class in ques- 
tion decide to take a vote on the matter. The vote was a 
most significant one — ninety-five of the upper classmen 
ignoring the claims of Shakespearian literature, and decid- 
ing in fa^vor of the Bible as an essential means of obtain- 
ing a good knowledge of English literature. The teacher of 
the class, Prof. Charles Mills Gayley, instructed his stu- 
dents to consider seriously the relative merits of the two 
subjects. That, after deliberate reflection, they made 
such an emphatic choice of the Bible, is most gratifying. 

The Cost of Crime 
As long ago-as 1910 the census reported the cost of 
crime, and of punishment and prevention of crime, in this 
country, at six billion dollars a year, or six times the an- 
nual cost of the Federal Government. The 1920 census is 
expected to show that crime costs the people of the United 
States from eight to ten billions a year, If this country 
could cut its crime bill one-half, the total expenses of the 
national government could readily be paid. If, as one 
criminologist asserts, all our criminals are made before 
they are twenty-one, we should closely scrutinize early 
environments — home, church and school, in the order 
given — as the most effectual aids in reducing crime. One 
great promoter of crime — the liquor traffic — has been def- 
initely disposed of by the adoption of prohibition. 

Saloons Converted into Churches 
While some people have wondered what would ever he 
done with the many unoccupied saloon properties, the 
Methodist Episcopal Church has. in a measure at least, 
solved the question by converting many of them to the 
advancement of the Kingdom. Scores of frontier saloons, 
throughout the West, arc being secured by Methodist 
ministers, and rebuilt into churches and parsonages. Con- 
sidered from the standpoint of ethical progress and social 
uplift, the transformation is most significant. It clearly 
illustrates the logical procedure of permanently keeping 
out an acknowledged foe of humanity's best interests. 
The saloons having been driven out — with public senti- 
ment overwhelmingly against them — it is quite significant 
that the banner of the cross should now proclaim the 
era of better things. 

Zionism Not Acceptable to All 
Whatever the Zionists may have expected, they are al- 
ready discovering that their return to Palestine 
is not likely to prove a triumphal entry into the 
City of David. Much opposition has come from various 
elements, and in some cases has led to bloodshed. The 
British authorities have been compelled to move with great 
caution. Both Moslem and Christian nations of Palestine 
feel that the Supreme Council betrayed their interests in 
offering Palestine to the Jews as a national home. They 
claim that they owned the land longer than the Jews ever 
did, A recent Islamo-Christian conference sent forth a 
protest against selling them and their birthright "to the 
foreigners of the Jewish race." The Arabs of Palestine 
naturally oppose the control of the Jews, since a new 
Arabian nation is to be formed, with all Syria and Pales- 
tine included. It is also true, however, that a goodly 
number of Moslems are ready to welcome the Jews, see- 
ing a possibility that all may readily work together for 
a more extensive development of the country. 

Disarmament Plea Gaining 
Premier Lloyd George, in a recent utterance, spoke 
most decidedly in favor of a general disarmament of na- 
tions, provided a dependable agreement to that end, by the 
leading nations, can be secured. In close connection with 
the above, the recent declaration of Gen. -John J. Pershing 
is of special interest to every advocate of peace. His 
plea is as follows: "The world does not seem to learn 
from experience. It would appear that the lessons of 
tlu last six years should be enough to convince every- 
body of the danger of nations striding up and down the 
earth, armed to the teeth. But .no one nation can reduce 
armaments unless all do. Is it not time, then, for an 
awakening among enlightened peoples, to the end that the 
leading powers may reach some national agreement which 
would not only relieve the world of this terrible financial 
load, but which, in itself, would be a long step toward 
the prevention of war?" If the United States, Great 
Britain, France and Japan would demand of the other 
nations that they disarm, and agree to set the example 
by disarming themselves, the other nations would be 
fo ced to do the same thing, and without doubt would 
be more than glad to be rid of war probabilities. So long 
as the policy of armaments is continued, these weaker 
nations are never safe, but, harassed as they must be, by 
fear of attack from some more powerful nation, they 
lay upon themselves heavier burdens, in proportion to 
their wealth and man-power, than the stronger nations. 
It is difficult to escape the conclusion that powerful finan- 
cial interests stand in the way of universal disarmament. 
When we remember that the United States — supposed to 

be a preeminently peaceful nation— devotes more than 
ninety per cent of its vast Congressional appropriations 
for militaristic purposes, it is quite evident that getting 
ready to make war is a great business — the greatest busi- 
ness in the world, in fact. As the taking of steps to end 
war, necessarily interferes with that gigantic business, we 
need not expect that the proposed disarmament will be 
favorably regarded. 

Moving Picture Men Raise Defense Fund 
Public indignation has been aroused, in many cities 
and towns of our country, because of the evidentl" perni- 
cious results of moving picture shows. In a number of 
instances direct evidence has been submitted to the 
c urts, conclusively showing that the influence of moving 
pictures has been a direct incentive to crime. In fact, 
i Lading jurist attributes the very prevalent crime wave 
to the suggestions of vice-exploiting movies. In view of 
possible legal entanglements, the moving picture promoters 
have now raised a fund of forty million dollars, to pro- 
vide the best of legal talent for the protection of their 
business. This is a direct admission of the fact that mov- 
ing pictures, as commonly shown, are not conducive to 
the moral uplift of the community. 

Making the Bible Our Own 
It seems, at times, as if the people of our own favored 
land were not making the fullest use of their opportunities 
lo gain Bible knowledge. This becomes the more apparent 
when we note the achievements of some of the natives in 
heathen lands. In an English boarding-school in Kaf- 
frania, Africa, each girl is taught to repeat a Bible verse, 
daily, at prayers before breakfast. A visiting missionary, 
while conducting Sunday evening services, was anxious 
to know whether the verses, recited each morning, were 
really remembered. All the cirls of the school were asked 
to stand and repeat a verse. Any girl who could not think 
of a verse, besides those already given, had to take her 
seat. At the end of more than two hours, three girts were 
still standing, and gave no evidence of having reached the 
limit of their Biblical knowledge. 

Do We Recognize Our Responsibility? 
Mr. Edmund Stanley, a relief worker in Germany under 
the auspices of the American Friends, says: "We visited 
a number of the schools and feeding stations, and every- 
where saw only pale and emaciated faces, not only 
among those receiving food, because of being 'under- 
nourished/ but also among those not receiving any food 
whatever, at the hands of the Relief Committees. When 
we consider the conditions they face, at the present 
time, with impoverished bodies, low vitality, insufficient 
clothing, and little or no fuel, just entering the cold 
winter months in a country fnr north of our latitude, 
it takes no prophet to tell us of the suffering they are 
facing. The newly-made mounds in the cemeteries tell 
their story of death and suffering, such as few people 
have known. Do we realize it? I can not believe that 
God will continue to bless a country and a people that 
professes to be Christian, and fails to heed the cry of a 
suffering people. Our abundance, if withheld, will be- 
come a curse instead of a blessing." 

Another Triumph for Science 
Prof. A. A. Michelson, of the University of Chicago, 
who recently was honored by the award of the Nobel 
prize for the greatest achievement in physics, has just 
added another triumph to his illustrious record. It will 
be remembered that it was Prof. Michelson who, some 
time ago, correctly measured the rigidity of the earth, 
proving it to be about equal to that of solid steel. His 
scientific acumen was in evidence at an early stage of his 
life. When a mere youth — after he graduated from An- 
napolis, and started teaching mathematics there — he re- 
measured the commonly-accepted speed of light. His 
measurements were, at the time, accepted as the world's 
standard, and so they remain even today. It is Prof. 
Michclson's latest achievement, however, that has aroused 
the interest and admiration of the scientific world. It 
has been tested out at the Wilson Observatory, and — 
thanks to his discovery — it is now possible to obtain exact 
measurements of distant suns. For the first time the 
scientific world knows to a certainty that the Alpha star, 
in the constellation of Orion, is three hundred million 
miles in diameter.' Consequently the vast bulk of that 
celestial body is twenty-seven million times larger than 
that of the sun. This is an immensity that the human 
mind can hardly grasp— especially when we remember 
that our sun itself is a million times larger than the earth. 
The materialist might ask: "Where is the gain in knowing 
all this?" To the devout child of God two points vivid- 
ly impress themselves: fll That to the human intellect, 
enliphtened by power divine, the astounding truths of the 
universe may be unfolded, as in the instance above given. 
(2) That the Great Creator is constantly verifying his 
wonderful might and power by the vast aggregation of 
heavenly bodies, nightly displayed in the lofty arch above 
us. Wei! might David say: "The heavens declare the 
glory of God," and blessed, indeed, is he who. by reason 
of that great truth, consecrates his life to more devoted 
service. i 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


SoKRostlons for tlir 

The Human Side of a Revival 

John 1:19-51 
For Week Beginning January 16, 1921 

1. Think About the Revival Every Day.— There is quite 
a bit of help in that. Look over the proposed list of ser- 
mon topics and make a study of them. Pick out such of 
the topics as will interest persons of your acquaintance, 
and earnestly invite them to hear the evangelist. Your 
own intense interest will beget enthusiasm in others. 

2. Talk About the Revival Every Day. — Give the 
weather a rest. Say nothing about your pet ailments or 
other minor things, but be full to the brim about the re- 
vival meetings. There's nothing like being warmed up on 
a subject of real interest. If you succeed in getting a 
hundred people to talk about the revival, it will not be 
long until the entire city is stirred. 

3. Pray About the Revival Every Day.— This will not 
be difficult, since you have been thinking and talking 
about it. What we chiefly think and talk about, very 
naturally comes uppermost in our minds, as we begin to 
talk with God. Fix on a certain time, each day, when you 
may privately pray to God for his blessing on the evangel- 
ist and the church, that the revival may be a real refresh- 
ing to the church, and that souls may be won for the 

4. Attend the Revival Meetings Each Day. — With a 
reasonable amount of self-denial, most of the members 
can readily be present at every service. All that is needed 
is to make up your mind to that effect. Set your heart on 
it, ever intent upon the great results that may come from 
it. Let nothing, save serious illness, or something else 
equally unavoidable, break your record of perfect attend- 
ance at the meetings. There is a mighty power in the 
mere fact of your regular attendance. Thus God can use 
you as a channel of inspiration to those who are not 
Christians. It keeps you in touch with the spiritual atmos- 
phere of the meetings and makes you available for effec- 
tual personal work. It convinces the unsaved of your in- 
terest and encourages the evangelist. It puts you where 
the battle is the hottest, and offers you opportunities to be 
useful in winning souls to Christ that would never come 
in any other way. 

5. You Can Bear Testimony to Your Faith and Purpose 
V'hen Called Upon.— An appropriate Scripture citation, 
a verse of a hymn, or just a few heartfelt words may have 
a greater influence, under the blessing of God, than you 
may think. Not a single member can be excused- from 
thus adding his part to the interest of the meetings, for 
Jesus says: " Ye are my witnesses." Let each one be will- 
ing to respond when the opportunity is presented. 

6. Assist with the Song Service to the Best of Your 
Ability.— Inspirational and uplifting singing is a vital ele- 
ment in the success of any revival. Your voice was given 
you by the Great Creator that you might use it to his 
glory and the salvation of precious souls. There is a 
mighty power in the great volume of song, as the entire 
congregation unites heart and voice in the sacred hymns 
of Zion. 

7. The Power of United Prayer in the Revival.— With 
the most intense spiritual longing, we often look back to 
the wonderful ingathering of souls on the Day of Pente- 
cost, and wish that at least a small share of such phe- 
nomenal success might be ours. We must not forget that 
the secret of the achievement, attained to by the early 
believers, was found in their persistent and wholly united 
prayer. We can not hope to succeed unless a like spirit 
predominates within our ranks. " Yc have not, because ye 
ask not." "Ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto 

8. Suggestive References. — Complete consecration to 
the work of the Lord is needed in the revival (Gal. 2: 20). 
We must be concerned about the welfare of others 
' Philpp. 2:4). Apostolic approval of tamest effort (Gal. 
4 18). Our conduct towards those without (Col. 4: 5). 
Opportunity for service to others must be improved 
CEzek. 3:19). The promise to the prayer of faith (Matt. 
21:22). "The just shall live by faith" — a vital element 
of our prayers (Heb. 10:35, 38, 39). The Lord is our 
Helper, as we labor to win souls (Heb. 13:5, 6). 

A Passion for Service 

(Continued from Page 19) 

history of the world, the first part of this proposition 
no further proof than to remind you of the fact 
that the crimes that stain the pages of history — from 
the time of the great empires that arose on the banks 
of the Kile, or of the Tigris and Euphrates, on down 
to the late German Empire and its ambitious Kaiser — 
had their cause in the motive of ambition for worldly 

place and power. Shakespeare, the greatest analyst 
of human motives, gives us a true portrayal of the 
nature and history of ambition in the tragedy of Mac- 
beth. The tragedy begins, you remember, with the 
meeting of the " weird sisters " — spirits of evil — who 
first suggest to Macbeth the possibility of his becom- 
ing king. The suggestion begat ambition, which rapid- 
ly developed in his own mind and that of hij wife, 
until it became a controlling passion, sweeping them 
into committing terrible crimes with all their conse- 
quent calamities and catastrophes. 

This is the story of tremendous ambition, but it is 
a correct portrayal of the true nature and tendency of 
such an aim. In so far as ambition is the controlling 
motive, it seeks to attain its end regardless of the 
means. There are two causes of sin and crime — 
money and lust — and though more common, it is doubt- 
ful whether either is more powerful or more danger- 
ous than ambition. 

The second part of the proposition will be just as 
clear to any one who will reflect, for a moment, on 
the motive of the noblest deeds. A mother's passion 
for being helpful to her children, produces that finest 
thing in human life — the sacrificial spirit of mother- 
hood. The passion of service for his country prompts 
the heroism of the patriot. A passion for service sends 
the missionary to the ends of the earth, preaching the 
Gospel of the Kingdom of God. 

Kindle in your young men the spirit of ambition, 
and you may send them far on the way to the world's 
empty honors, but you have also put them in the way 
of terrible temptations that are likely to overcome 
them. But if you want them to attain to the finest in 
character and the noblest in conduct, your endeavor 
may fan the passion for service, in their souls, into a 
bright and burning flame. 

Second: The spirit of ambition is a great waster 
of human energies, directing men into wrong channels, 
while the passion for service is the great conservator 
of human energies, directing them in channels of use- 
fulness and efficiency. 

To make this proposition clear, we need but con- 
sider the effect of ambition on a young man, trying to 
decide the question of his life's work. If this young 
man is ambitious he will ask himself one question: 
What does the world honor? Where and how are to 
^be had the honors and rewards? He will choose for 
himself that profession or employment where, it seems 
to htm. these things are to be had. 

When I was a young man, the honors seemed to fall 
to the politician. Politics was the gateway to public 
preferment. Consequently, from early youth up to 
that day, when I was eligible to citizenship, I had only 
one thought as to my life's calling — I was going to be 
a politician. Not that I knew much about the require- 
ments for that profession, or of my own capacities to 
meet those requirements. Of these I knew but little. 
I saw only the honors of the political campaign and 
political office. Not till after six years' experience in 
political office did I realize that there was something 
higher and nobler for me than politics. I was prompt- 
ed by ambition to put my life into this line of work. 
Except for the grace of God I would, without doubt, 
have spent my whole life in a profession that would 
have been, as I discovered later, very uncongenial to 
my tastes — in which, in all probability, my best ener- 
gies would have been wasted. But this is the very 
thing that is constantly happening in the case of thou- 
sands of the more capable young men. They are led 
to invest their lives in employments, whether it be 
politics or business or what, where they are not needed 
and for which they have no special talents. 

On the other hand, should this young man be im- 
pelled by the motive of service, he will ask himself two 
questions: (1) What am I capable of doing best? 
(2) Where in the world is the greatest need of one 
of my ability? With that spirit he is very likely to 
find the very niche, in the world's work, where he will 
fit in. He is apt to make a success of his life and find 
it happy. He certainly has found the secret of 

By this principle — could it be put into the hearts of 

men — one of our most serious social and economic 
problems could be solved. The law of supply and de- 
mand, when applied to men's lives, is made largely 
ineffective by the world's artificial and inequitable 
honors and rewards. The passion for service is the 
only correction, the only power to guide men into that 
place of service of greatest need. 

Third: The spirit of ambition is antisocial, causing 
divisions and arousing antagonism, while the passion 
for service is highly social, being, in its very nature, 
cooperative and unifying. 

I scarcely need call your attention to the fact that 
such great social upheavals as that through which the 
world has been recently passing, are due almost always 
to the ambitions of 'nations or of their rulers. There 
are two great causes of international antagonisms — 
race antagonism and national ambition. The latter is 1 
the greater and more frequent cause. One nation is 
ambitious for " a place in the sun," for the extension 
of territory, for the expansion of -trade, or for the 
glory of conquest. This arouses, in other nations, 
fear, jealousy, envy, hatred. Within the nation, per- 
sonal and partisan ambition separate the people into 
antagonistic groups, on down from the great national 
partisan groups to the petty factional quarrels in the 
smallest backwoods community. Wherever there are 
factions, you will generally find the sustaining cause 
in the petty ambition of some man or woman. 

Simple, unselfish service binds men together with 
strong bands. Unselfish service finds its way into the 
citadel of the heart, whatever may be the defenses of 
prejudice and hate. " Overcome evil with good " is 
the only practical working rule in dealing with the 
world's hatreds, great or small. 

Those practical men of common sense will probably 
say: "This talk of displacing ambition with the mo- 
tive of unselfish service, is a fine ideal for the theorists 
to talk about, but it won't work in this world. This 
is a selfish world, and there must be something of 
self-interest behind everything, to make it go." That 
is about the gist of all that the newspaper and maga- 
zine writers are saying to us today, about the settle- 
ment of all our problems. 

But notwithstanding all the selfishness there is in 
the world, and all the power of the selfish appeal — and 
confessedly it is great — a passion for service, unselfish 
and sacrificial, is far more powerful and more prac- 
tical. Tt is the only motive sufficiently powerful to 
meet the greatest need. 

What moved the Christian people to raise the great- 
est amount of money, ever contributed for the salva- 
tion of the lost world? It was a passion for service! 
And isn't it always true that when we want men to do 
their best, in a large way, we appeal to the sacrificial 
spirit of service? What is Christ doing then, save 
trying to make this powerful motive for good prevail 
in the whole life — in all actions, rather than in but 
one occasion? Is that impractical ? Then there would 
be no redemption from selfishness to sacrifice. Then 
Christ died in vain, for sacrifice for service is the heart 
of the meaning of the cross. The Gospel is preached 
in vain unless it be so preached that those who hear it 
have kindled in their hearts the passion of Jesus, the 
passion of service of the Kingdom of God and the 
salvation of all men. The motive of service is as prac- 
tical as the Gospel. 

Minot, N. Dak. 



This is the third one. of the suggestive questions on the 
Sunday-school lesson of Nov. 28. Those who make up 
our literature, seem to think that the questions were 
asked because John doubted. That rendering may have 
some things in its favor. It requires, however, a reason- 
ing in a circle — the giving of an opinion without due con- 
sideration for it. 

John's message was to proclaim Jesus as the One who 
should come. Because of his unflinching faith he would 
denounce sin under all circumstances, In attestation of 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


that faith he would go to prison. He would even face 

Taking the incident as a whole, we must say that, from 
a human standpoint, there is room for doubt. But why 
conclude that it was John who doubted? Does John's 
former life, in any measure, suggest a reason why we 
should hold such an idea? Is there not some other an- 
swer to the question? 

As we can not find any reason for John to doubt, we 
must find it elsewhere. Supposing his disciples came to 
him — as would be very natural — and say to him. "John, 
why does Jesus allow you to be thus thrust into prison 
if he be the Messiah who was to come?" Now, what 
would be the best way for John to remove their doubts? 
We readily see the wisdom of that man of God, when he 
sends them to the Master with their doubts. That pro- 
cedure is a most wonderful expedient to remove doubts. 
Take your doubts to Jesus. 

Then, too, the Master did not answer them directly. 
No, he told them to tell John again. Tell what? That 
he was the Messiah? No, tell him what things you see 
and hear — the blind receive their sight, the lame walk, 
the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised 
up, and the poor have the Gospel preached to them. 

Now, why do this? To remove doubts from John, or, 
in the doing, to remove their own doubts — which? I must 
wonder whether they had any doubts to carry back. Here 
the Divine Record stops. We are not told whether they 
ever told John or not. 

You know that ten lepers were healed and told to go 
to the priest. One of them returned to give Jesus praise. 
Then the Master said: "Where are the nine?" — as much 
as to say that he expected all to do likewise. The Bible 
does not say whether those who were healed of their 
leprosy ever went to the priest or not, but they were un- 
doubtedly " healed. So in this instance these disciples 
had their doubts removed. As it appears to me, it was 
not John who doubted but his disciples.' What is your 
view of the matter? L. D. Bosserman. 

Riverside, Calif. 


As I sat looking out of my window, through my "cata- 
ract" glasses, I fell to thinking about the eyesight of John 
the Revelator, while a prisoner on Patmos. 

Hear him: "I, John, saw." He saw this, he saw that, 
and then he saw many other things. Read the Book of 
Revelation and see what they were. But three or four 
things that he saw later, interested me most. In Rev. 
20: 1-3 he says: " I saw an angel come down from heaven, 
. . . and he laid hold on the dragon, . . . which is the 
Devil, . . . and cast him into the bottomless pit, . . . 
till the thousand years should be fulfilled." In Rev. 20:4 
he says: "I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, 
and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls 
of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and 
for the word of God, and which had not worshiped the 
beast, . . . neither had received his mark, . . . and they 
lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years." In Rev. 
20: 11-15 we read: "And I saw a great white throne, . . . 
and I saw the dead, small and great, stand before 
God; and the books were opened: and another book was 
opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged 
out of those things which were written in the book, ac- 
cording to their works. . . . And whosoever was not found 
written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire." 
This must be the general judgment. _ 

Rev. 21:1-2: "And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: 
for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; 
and there was no more sea. And I John saw the holy 
city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of 
heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband." 
Oh, what eyesight! The greatest Eye Doctor that ever 
was had given him vision such as all the redeemed ones 
may have if they will but come to the same Specialist — 
the same Life Giver. Now read on, Rev. 22:8: "And I 
John saw these things and heard them." What a hear- 
ing! Also, then, let us listen and heed as he did, and 
take in the more abundant life. And where can we stop? 

" When we've been there ten thousand years, 
Bright shining as the sun, 
We've no less days to sing God's praise 
Than, when we first begun." 

Westfield, Mass. S. M. West. 

dom were aroused— not only to the extent of having its 
power go forth among the people, but that the people 
themselves would become a pulling power in the extension 
of the Kingdom of God?" 

Truly, the inspired writer might well emphasize: "The 
children of this world are in their generation wiser than 
the children of light." 

Almost every secutar enterprise makes every prudent 
provision to insure its success. Whatever is within their 
reach, is utilized. Nothing is spared. 

Why is the church worrying over the present condition 
of humanity and the future of the church? Have we for- 
gotten the promise of our Lord and Master: "I, if I be 
lifted up, will draw all men unto me "? Have we failed to 
" lift up," and to advertise, and to show to the world this 
drawing power— the power of which Paul tells us, in Eph. 
1:19: ''The exceeding greatness of his power to usward 
who believe "? 

The exaltation which Christ bestows is reached only by 
obedience to his Word. Christ, abiding in us, first trans- 
forms our lives, then other lives arc transformed by our 
influence. This is the divine arrangement. 

Moses believed God and became the leader of his peo- 
ple. David believed God and became a King over all 
Israel. As the apostles and saints believed God, they 
became mighty in the pulling down of strongholds. Jesus 
Christ is the same today, yesterday and forever. 

Consider how the great things on earth have been done! 
The walls of Jerusalem were restored by each one faith- 
fully doing his part. This country of ours became Chris- 
tianized by each believer faithfully doing his part, 

Brother and sister in Christ, this old world of ours is 
not going to be taken for Christ by ministers and deacons 
alone, but by the cooperation of all — a united pulling 
power of every individual consecrating his life in service 
for the uplifting of fallen humanity and the extension of 
Christ's Kingdom on earth. 

Think of the latent power iu every church! As we look 
into the faces of our people in the different congregations, 
the thought impresses us: "What an immense moral 
power is here for doing good, if every one were an active 
worker for Christ and the church! How God would be 
glorified and sinners made to rejoice in their salvation! " 

Will you be a pulling power that thousands and tens of 
thousands may rejoice in the beauty of holiness? 

Lena, 111. , ^.. Ezra Lutz. 


The regular Bible and Sunday-School Institute, held 
annually at the College, will be enlarged this year to 
include special training for Vacation Bible School taachers. 
Formerly only one week was devoted to the Institute, but 
on account of the additional courses planned, it becomes 
necessary to lengthen the time to two weeks. The date 
for the Institute is from Jan. 31 to Feb. 12. 

Last year, out of the sixty-five Vacation Bible Schools, 
reported in session in the Brotherhood, eleven were con- 
ducted in Blue Ridge College territory. An appeal is here- 
by made to the churches of Maryland to send teachers to 
the Training School, so that an adequate teaching force 
may be available for the increased number of schools next 

Able instructors and lecturers have been provided this 
year. Bro. Earl W. Flohr, Regional Director of Religious 
Education for Blue Ridge College territory, will give 
definite work along the line of Vacation Bible Schools. 
Prof. Wm. Kinsey will teach the Bible. Brethren Ezra 
Flory and Wilbur Stover will be with us too. Dr. F. F. 
Holsopple, Dr. Chas. Resser and Bro. H. K. Ober are 
listed for special lectures. Ross D. Murphy. 

New Windsor, Md. 


These words form the heading of a large advertisement 
in one of our secular papers. They are printed in large 
letters, so as to attract the attention of all. 

They caused the writer to think: " Is there a power that 
is not a pulling power?" As we read farther down, near 
the close of the advertisement, we saw that, in large 
letters again, this appeal was made. "This pulling power 
— this American development — must go forward." 

Again our attention was aroused at the determination 
of that secular enterprise, to insist that their special power 
be known among the people without limit. 

Certainly one would conclude that with such a zeal any 
enterprise would win out in its special line of work. So 
forcibly did their enthusiasm impress us that the thought 
came to us; "What would the results be if all Christen- 


The article, "The Church, Local and General," by Eld. 
J. H. Moore, impressed me so favorably that I want to 
commend it, and add a little concerning two or three of 
the important points. 

First, the source and bond of unity, or the cohesive 
force that attracts and holds the entire body of Christ 
in one. I 'would emphasize especially the "one body," 
having one Head, one faith — all being of one mind. "Let 
this mind he in you, which was also in Jesus Christ." 
The one "Spirit of Christ" is all-important. "If any 
man have not the Spirit of Christ he is none of his." 
One desire and purpose should inspire us — to do the will 
of the Father. "As the Father hath sent me, even so 
send I you." Having these and the "love of Christ that 
constraineth us," not many man-made devices are needed. 

One Head with one body, vitalized by one heart, is 
an organism, every part of which works (automatically) 
in harmony with every other part, because each is 
directed from the one Head, and energized by the one 

T want to join hand and heart with Bro. Moore and 
everyone else who believes in keeping clean and pure 
fmm below up. Keep the individual church, as well as 
the individual man and woman, clean and strong and 
well nourished with the Bread that came down from 
] lcriV en— the strong meat of the Word! Keep the rank 
and file of the church strong and vigorous. That is what 
the United States did in the late war, when she asked 

the rest of us to eat cheaper food and give the best to 
the soldiers. 

I think the Master meant to teach the same lesson 
when he told the disciples to wash one another's feet — 
the lower extremities on which the whole body rests. 
As these come into contact with earthy, contaminating 
influences, they need frequent attention and cleansing. 
We do not envy the eye or the moiyjh, but feel our need 
and responsibility. We must be careful not to get "top 
heavy" and weak at the base. There seems to be a little 
trend in that direction now — perhaps there always has 
been. Christianity will "lift up them of low degree," and 
" bring down them of high degree." S. H. Yeater. 

Lccoma, Mo. . + . 


The District Meeting of Western Colorado and Utah 
was held at the First Grand Valley church Nov. 25-27. 
The Temperance, Christian Workers, Sunday-school, 
Ministerial, Aid Society and Missionary Meetings were 
held, respectively, in connection with the Conference 
proper. All were very well attended. In a general way 
the discussions and deliberations were very interesting 
and spiritual. Though the meetings were good, we would 
have been glad for the inspiration of our returned mis- 
sionaries and those who have specialized in the work 
they represent. 

It is, indeed, unfortunate for the Districts on the fron- 
tier, that they do not have the opportunity to share with 
the Districts, more centrally located, in the inspiration 
and spiritual uplift of the missionaries and special workers 
that are generally mentioned in District Meeting reports. 

The churches were all represented hy delegate, except 
one. The District Meeting proper was organized with 
Eld. H. C. Wenger, Moderator; A. L. Gnagcy, Reading 
Clerk; the undersigned, Writing Clerk. One query was 
sent to Annual Meeting. Eld. H. C. Wenger was chosen 
to represent us on Standing Committee. 

The next meeting will be held in the Fruita church. 
. .» . Fred Brown. 


Mabel is a lovely, sweet girl, with eyes of blue and hair 
of gold — just seventeen. Delia is Mabel's cousin — a jolly, 
happy girl of fifteen. 

Sunday*, Nov. 7, 1920, was a fine fall day. Early in the 
morning God, in his goodness, opened the windows of 
heaven and all day the rain fell softly and quietly, moisten- 
ing the earth and helping the wheat to grow rank and 

Mabel and Delia were reborn that day. At four o'clock 
in the afternoon, while the rain continued to fall, just 
twenty-three persons gathered on the green bank of a tiny 
brook and Mabel and Delia, in dresses of white, stepped 
into the water, were baptized into the name of the Father, 
and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost, and arose to walk 
in newness of life. While the angels were ringing the 
bells of heaven, above the blue, our hearts were rejoicing. 
So God, in his kindness, gives us just such happy oc- 
casions to enjoy, and life is sweet. Tt is good just to 
live. Mary E. Prentice. 

Aline, Okla. __ 


As these lines are being written, you, who are in the 

States, are living where 

"The frost is on the pumpkin and the fodder is in the shock, 
The golden -rod is yellow and the corn is turning brown, 
And the trees in apple orchards with fruit are bending down." 

The privilege is not ours to partake of the bounties of 
the fall of the year, as these are found in the States, 
but we are approaching the time of the year when we will 
have a number of the American vegetables that we can 
not have during the other time of the year. 

The winter season, which is December, January and 
February, is, as they say, a very desirable time of the 
year, except for the dust, that does not become settled 
by rains or snow, as in the States. We are very glad 
for the cool nights and mornings we are having now. It 
is quite the natural thing to find the thermometer at 46 
degrees in the morning and at 95 degrees at noon. This 
variableness of temperature makes this time of the year 
one of much sickness, for many of the people are not 
supplied for the extra needs at this time. 

The missionaries gathered together at Anklesvar Oct. 
18, for a committee meeting. The workers were well rep- 
resented, and all report having had a very helpful meet- 
ing. The privilege of associating together was much ap- 
preciated by all of us. We commend the brethren and 
sisters at Anklesvar for the acceptable manner in which 
they accommodated all in the two bungalows at that 

On the way to and from the meeting it was possible 
for those from the farther stations to visit those nearer, 
so we were glad to have the Shulls, Hollenbergs and 
Nettie Brown, from Vada, with us for a short visit. I 
rather think that they were equally glad to get a look at 
the outside world. As they expressed it, in a happy way. 
their anticipation of the visit was similar to the expect- 
ancy of the child in the States, who looks forward to the 
corniny of the Fourth of July. 

(Continued on Page 30) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


In compliance with the request of the General Sunday 
School Board. Juniata College is offering a special course 
of four weeks for training Sunday-school and Vacation 
school teachers. 

The term begins Jafruary 24 and ends February 18. There 

wilt be five one-hour recitation periods each day, for five 

days of the week, thus enabling a student to carry five full 

through Mi-- term. Credit will be given for all 

mpletc d. 

The Follow ill constitute the daily Faculty: 

i l Ellis, Religious Psychology and Pedagogy. 

T. T. Myers, Studies in the New Testament. 

A. B, Van Ormer, Studies in the Old Testament. 

Galen B. Rover, The Sunday-School. 

Florence M. Just, Primary Teaching and Story-Telling. 

In addition, special lectures and conferences will be 
triven by Dr. Griffith Thomas, of Philadelphia: Ezra Flory, 
General Sunday School Secretary, of Elgin, III.; W. B. 
Stover, of India; I. H. Brumbaugh and O. R. Myers, of 
the College; A E. Wilt, Sunday School Secretary of 
Middle Pennsylvania; W. J. Hamilton, Sunday School 
Secret i- tern Pennsylvania; W. G. Nycc, Sun- 

day School Secretary of Southeastern Pennsylvania. 

No charge is made for tuition. There will be a regis- 
tration fee of one dollar. A reasonable charge -will be 
made for board. 

This is a rare opportunity to insure preparation for 
work Sunday schools and Churches should send rep- 
resentatives to get the entire course. 

Further information will be gladly given on request. 

Huntingdon, Pa. T. T. Myers. 

The annual treat from our Musical Department will oc- 
cupy one evening; one number of the Student Council 
Lecture Course will be given; Maude Ballington Booth, 
of Salvation Army fame, will give one evening's lecture; 
Dr. Kurtz will give one evening to a report on his trip 
to Japan, — Friday evening. There will be the usual Edu- 
cational Meeting. Every evening will be filled full of 
izood things. 

Let the season yield for you its riches! Come, be with 
us! For board and lodging address Prof. J. W. Deeter. 

W, O. Beckner. 




Ian. 4 we open our Special Bible Term, to last up to 
Tan. 10. The instructors will be Pres. A. C. Wieand, 
Elders Wilbur Sto-, er, F?ra Flory and H. K. Ober. Sister 
B, Mary Rover, who i? in school here, will also give a 
"->ds. This promises to be one of the richest feasts 
Elizabethtown has ever had. All who can should avail 
themselves of this opportunity. We are getting* some of 
the best talent in the Brotherhood. 

There will be three one-hour periods in the morning, 
starting at 9 o'clock, and three in the afternoon, each day. 
\f night there will be a sermon by either Bro. Wieand or 
Bro. Stover, at S o'clock. A preliminary service, at 7 
o'clock, will be a feature of much interest. 

At 8 P. M.. on Jan. 10 Dr. Conwell, of Philadelphia, 
will give his great lecture on "Acres of Diamonds." 

Our special Training School in Methods will begin 
Jan. 10 and will continue two weeks. In this school there 
will be classes in Child Psychology, Daily Vacation Bible 
Schools, Sunday-school Pedagogy, Sunday-school Teach- 
er-training, Sunday-school Administration, Sermon Build- 
ing, etc. 

Local churches should see to it that a number of their 
Sunday-school workers attend; if certain of their number 
can not afford to leave their work, the church or Sunday- 
school should send them and pay their way. This would 
result in untold good for the local churches and Sunday- 

It would be an excellent thing if local churches would 
send their ministers to these sessions. They could send 
some of them to the Bible Term Tan. 4-10, and the rest 
to the Training School of Methods Jan. 10-21. 

, » . J. G. Meyer. 


The dates for the Institute are Jan. 23-30. These are 
not far off. Tt is therefore necessary to complete your 
p 1 ans at once to be there. 

A number of rich treats are in store for those who at- 
tend this year. Bro. E. B. HofF, of Bethany Bible School. 
is to be with us and conduct two classes daily. He is 
also to preach one of the Sunday sermons. 

In response to the call for training for Vacation Bible 
School work, and in cooperation with the General Sunday 
School Board, Bro. Roger D. Winger has been secured 
to conduct some intensive work along that line. A few 
Churches held Vacation Bible Schools last summer. A 
larre number are planning for them this summer. This 
work must be done largely by the local Sunday-school 
workers. Come to the Bible Institute and prepare your- 
self for the work. 

Daily Bible classes will be conducted by Dr. Culler; 
Prof. Nininger. of our Science Department, will give 
several lectures; Dr. Hoover, of our Social Science De- 
partment. Prof. Mohler, of our Agriculture Department, 
Miss HalHnger, of our Domestic Science Department, 
Prof Swope. of our Manual Training Department— all 
nfiuct a few lessons in their respective lines. 

Bro. G. W. Rurein is to conduct a few lessons in a sub- 
ject of much importance at this time — the Millennial Doc- 
trine and its effect on Biblical Interpretation and Evan- 
g lization. These promise to be exceedingly interesting. 

The evenings of the week will be occupied by special 
programs, each one of which is of exceptional strength. 


Jan. 16 to 21 has been set apart for special Bible study 
and instruction at Daleville College. Among the lecturers 
and instructors will be Elders W. B. Stover, Chas. D. 
Bonsack, Ezra Flory, H. K. Ober and Dr. A. B. Van 
Ormcr, of Juniata College. Instruction will also be given 
by the following local teachers of the Department of 
Bible and Religious Education; E. E. Speicher, Elste N. 
Shickcl, Walter M. Kahle and C. S. Ikenberry. This will 
be a program of unusual merit, and we hereby give spe- 
cial invitation to all Christian ministers, teachers and 
church leaders to spend this week in special study. 

Friday, Jan. 21, will be Religious Education Day. The 
Joint Sunday-School Institute of the First and Southern 
Districts of Virginia will be held on that day. Every 
Sunday-school should be represented by delegate. 

The college dormitories are filled to the limit, with an 
overflow. We will, however, take care of all who will 
come, in the school community. We only need to know 
in advance of your coming. Will you, therefore, at the 
earliest date possible, write us for room reservations? 

C. S. Ikenberry. 


Plans have been completed for a series of four one-day 
"Missionary Educational Institutes," to be conducted in 
the District of Western Pennsylvania. 

At the suggestion of the Elgin office, the District Mis- 
sion Board and the District Board of Religious Education 
decided to hold these Institutes. Every church and Sun- 
day-school in Western Pennsylvania will be expected to 
participate in these meetings. 

The places and dates are as follows: Greensburg, 
Wednesday, Jan. 12; Uniontown, Thursday, Jan. 13; 
Meycrsdale, Friday. Jan. 14; Windber, Saturday, Jan. IS. 

Pastors. Sunday-school superintendents, Missionary 
superintendents, Missionary Committees, and all others, 
interested in the Missionary Educational Work of the 
church, are requested to select the "Institute" which will 
be most convenient for them to attend, and then come. 

The "Tour-Party" will be composed of Eld. Chas. D. 
Bonsack, of the General Mission Board, Bro. H. Spenser 
Minnich, Missionary Educational Secretary, and Bro. W. 
J. Hamilton, Field Director of the District. 

The " Daily Program " will be as follows: 
Forenoon Session — 10: 30 

Morning Devotions.— Ltd by Pastor of Local Church. 

" Some Conditions in. and Plan* for. Western Pennsylvania."— W. 
J. Hamilton. 

"The Place and Work of the Missionary Committee."— H. Spenser 




Praise and Prayer Service. 

" The Forward Movement in Missions."— Chas. D. Bonsack. 
"The Materials of Missionary Education."— H. Spenser Minnich. 
Open Discussion. 

Evening Session — 7: 30 
ing Devotions. 

ess (Illustrated).— H. Spenser Minnich. 
The Possibilities Ahead."— Chas. D. Bonsack. 



W. J. Hamilton. 

Notes From Oar Correspondents 

Austin church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. H. J. Lilly as 
moderator. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected, with 
Alice Woodiel, church clerk and treasurer; W. L. Woodicl, superin- 
tendent; Gladys Woodiel, secretary.— W. L. Woodicl. Austin, Ark., 
Dec. 26. 


Fresno.— Brethren J. R. Rhoads, A. P. Simpson, I. L. Fcightner 
and S. Edgecomb have delivered the sermons from this pulpit the last 
few Sundays. Sunday morning, Dec. 19, Bro. Edgecoinb preached the 
consecration sermon to the church and Sunday-school officials and 
teachers. At the evening service it was decided to have one or two 
weeks of meetings, to be conducted by the local ministry. Arrange- 
ments are in the bands of the Ministerial Board.— Mrs. Elizabeth 
Whitlow. Fresno, Calif., Dec. 21. 

Long Beach.— Dec. 16 the church met in council. Six letters were 
read and one was granted. Different auxiliaries made their annual 
reports and all seemed to have done considerable work. The church 
officers for the coming year were elected, only n very few changes 
being made. Our pastor, Bro. Zimmerman, is doing excellent work. 
His sermons are given with power and spirit. The attendance has 
increased lately— partly due to the large number of winter tourists, 
member* as well as others. The Sunday-school has also increased 
in numbers. Wc have a quiet, interesting midweek Bible Study, con- 
ducted by our pastor. We expect him to hold a series of meetings 
fur us in the near future. A parsonage is being built adjoining the 
church, so that our pastor's work may be more successful. — Mrs. K. ' 
M. Shivcly. Long Beach, Calif.. Dec. 18. 

Pomona church met in council Dec. 13, with a good attendance. 

We reelected Bro. J. A. Brubaker, elder; Bro. Funk, assistant; Bro. 
Frank Hartman, Sunday-school superintendent. The church also 
decided to have a Sunday-school cabinet, whose duties would be to 
appoint all teachers and have general supervision of the school. 
Sister J. A. Brubaker will be our " Messenger " agent and church 
enrrcspondent. The Pomona church has decided to be wide awake 
to her responsibilities for the year 1921, and to make herself a 
power for the purpose of saving souls.— Nellie Snell, Ontario, Calif., 
Dec. 17. 

South Los Angeles.— Our Sunday-school and church attendance has 
been making a steady increase during the past two months. Dec. 6, 
two fine young men were received by baptism and one sister was re- 
claimed. Friday evening, Dec. 10, was our regular business meeting. 
Several splendid reports were given by our various committees, show- 
ing the financial status of our church to be in excellent condition. 
Bro. C. C. Hoyt was elected church trustee; Bro. N. J. Brubaker. 
church clerk; Bro. O. K. Charles, president of Christian Workers' 
Meeting. Our Temperance Committee is composed of Bro. N. J. Bru- 
baker. Bro. J. D. Clear and Bro. D. Earl Smith; our Missionary Com- 
mittee, Sister Boaz, Sister Swank and Bro. J. D. Clear. Brethren J. 
W. Clinc and Bro. O. K. Charles were elected as additional ^members 
of our Sunday-school Board. Since January, thirty-nine letters of 
membership have been received and eleven have been granted. Dec. 
12 wc held our love feast, Bro. Boaz officiated. It was a very quiet 
and impressive service — the individual cup service being used. Our 
Christmas program was rendered on the evening of Dec. 19, to a full 
bouse. Sister Boaz labored faithfully and patiently for several weeks, 
to make the program a success. In addition to the regular numbers 
of recitations, songs and exercises, several beautiful scenes were 
given with colored lights. These were interspersed with stereopticon 
views of the birth of Christ. A large donation of groceries, etc.. was 
given for the poor of the city and a Christmas offering of $111.62 was 
sent to China's starving millions.— Lena I. Swank, 1156 E. Forty-fifth 
Street, Los Angeles, Calif.. Dec. 22. 


Bow Valley.— Much interest was manifested by this community in a 
two weeks' Bible School, conducted by Bro. Paul Mohler, of Oroville, 
Wash. We bad four lessons each day. I am sure that by Bro. 
Mohler's untiring efforts our church has been greatly strengthened 
and prepared to do better work.— Maude Pobst, Gleichen, Alta., Can., 
Dec. 26. 

Mcrrington.— A revival meeting was field by Eld. Weddle, of Gleich- 
en: Alta., Nov. 21 to Dec. 1. Bro. Weddle gave us some very inspiring 
and intellectual sermons, and his messages were timely and impres- 
sive. Those who attended the meetings were interested. The Sunday 
meetings were especially good, and splendid attention was given to 
the Word.-Norman E. Chirch, Kindersley, Sask,, Can.. Dec. 19. 


Bethel.— Dec. 18 we enjoyed a very spiritual love feast, witnessed 
by quite a number of our Southern friends, including two ministers 
of another denomination. Bro. B. F. Honeyman, one of our home 
minister's, but living in New Augustine, officiated, and preached one 
week with a good attendance and the best of interest. Dec. 26 Bro. 
Riley Peters, of Roanoke, Va., preached for us in the morning. In 
the evening the young people rendered a Christmas program, fol- 
lowed by a short talk by Bro. Peters. Wc are having very fine 
weather- We have just harvested a fine crop of rice, a big crop of 
sweet potatoes and the second crop of Irish potatoes. Jacksonville 
has more people from the North than ever before. Many .are buying 
homes. We are praying for the establishing of a church in Jackson- 
ville, a city of nearly 100,000 population and a typical Northern city.— 
I. H. Crist. Middlebury. Fla., Dec. 27, 


Payette Valley.— At a recent called meeting, Bro. H. A. Kauffman 
was elected as elder for the coming year. On Christmas Eve the 
Sunday-school, under the direction of the Fidelis Class, rendered a 
splendid cantata, entitled: "A Search for the King." Our District 
Evangelist and Sunday-school Secretary, Bro. J. E. Stcinour, was re- 
cently with us. In addition to his work here he visited the members 
at Emmett in the southern part of our church territory, at which 
place plans arc being laid for opening services. On Christmas morn- 
ing a number of the members of the Christian Workers' Society met 
at the church at seven o'clock and started on a tour of bringing 
cheer to shut-ins, with songs of Christmas good will. Eight homes 
were visited. After seeing the expressions of real joy on the faces 
of those to whom we went, every one was ready to vote it really 
worth while and to plan to go again before next Christmas.— Emma 
Kcsler, Fruitland, Idaho, Dec. 27. 


Cherry Grove church has just closed a most glorious series of 
meetings of three weeks' duration. Bro. John H. Snyder, of Belle- 
fontainc, Ohio, assisted us and delivered twenty-four Spirit-filled 
sermons. Twenty-one- confessed Christ and were baptized. Dec. 19 
we held an all-day meeting, dinner being served in the audience 
room. Although the day was very cold and cloudy, the house was 
filled. It was a beautiful and impressive scene when thirteen were 
baptized. It was very encouraging to see Bro. Snyder gather the 
young members in a class room for a prayer meeting. Nov. 24 we 
held our business meeting, when the following officers were elected: 
Sunday-school superintendent. Aaron Hawbecker; Christian Workers* 
president, Sister Weaver. Bro. Weaver, our pastor, is nicely settled 
and is doing efficient work.— Lanah E. Shidler, Lanark, 111., Dec. 22. 

Coal Creek congregation met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. D. E. 
F.shclman presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected: 
Sister Maggie Rohrer. church clerk; Bro. H. P. Clanin, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Sister Fairy Clanin. president of Christian Workers' 
Meeting. We have just closed a two weeks' series of meetings, con- 
ducted by Bro. Noah Miller, of La Place, 111. Six were received into 
the church by baptism— Mrs. W. D. Vansyckle, Canton, HI., Dec. 21. 

Martin Creek church met Dec. 18 in council, with Eld. J. W. Harsh- 
barger presiding. We reorganized our Sunday- school, with Bro. 
Anson Leinard, superintendent.— Amelia Leinard, Geff. III., Dec. 22. 

Elgin.— The characteristic feature of our Christmas program was the 
spirit of cheerful giving which ran like a live nerve through all the 
exercises. Through the first part we were "Following the Shep- 
herds " in a dim auditorium, with only the decorative lights on the 
evergreens, and one on the wall representing the " Star," while 
music floated in from another room. We could hardly wait for the 
ifecond part, when the announcement of gifts by classes was made. 
The offerings for benevolences, principally for the China famine, 
totaled £311.05, and this amount, with our hearts wrapped in it, is 
already speeding on its way to relieve, a wee -bit. the appalling 
anguish on the other side of the world. We are wondering at our- 
selves, liow easy it is lo give, now that we have acquired the habit. 
President H. K. Ober contributed to the pleasure of the occasion by 
making an interesting speech to the children. The last number was 
the usual treat to the younger members of the school.— Adaline H. 
Beery, Elgin, 111., Dec. 29. 


Andrews church met in council, with Eld.,Oberlin in charge. Sun- 
day-school and church officials were elected: Bro. Howard Jeffrey, 
Sutulny- school superintendent ; the undersigned, church clerk and 
"Messenger" correspondent. Our church raised $70 (or the relief of. 
the Chinese sufferer*. The Sisters' Aid Society sent a barrel of 
provisions to the Hastings Street Mission, Chicago, and two com- 
forters to the Old Folks' Home.— Ruth Long, Andrews, Ind., Dec. 28. 

Killbuck.— Dec. 5 Brother and Sister J. W. tfoot, of Lafayette, Ind., 
commenced a series of meetings in the Antioch house and continued 
until Dec. 19. Bro. Root preached eighteen Spirit-filled sermons. 
Sister Root had charge of the singing, which she did well. Dec. 19 an 
offering of $32.61 was taken for the Chinese sufferers. Our Sunday- 
school, though not large, is doing a good work. Our Christian Work- 
ers' Society has been studying the life of Paul for the last six 
weeks, which has created a good interest. Dec. 26 Bro. Ira Hiatt 
conducted a Children's Meeting after the Sunday-school, which was 
very instructive— Henry E. Millspaugh. Muncie. Ind.. Dec. 27. 

Kokomo church met in council Dec. 20. Our elder not being pres- 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


cm, the pastor, Bro. Fair, acted as moderator. Six letters were re- 
ceived. Sister Hiatt continues as Sunday-school superintendent. 
Bro. Archer will be our church clerk and " Messenger " agent. The 
teachers were all reelected and one extra class added to the Sunday- 
school, making eight. There are three classes in the basement of the 
church, which haVc their own officers. They number about fifty 
scholars, with almost always a full attendance. Our superintendent 
told the children about the situation in China, and they agreed to 
give the amount which would he spent for candy. Their offering was 
$10. Sunday morning the children and some older scholars rendered 
a Christmas program. Next Sunday morning the officers and teachers 
will be installed. In November our churchhouse was papered and 
painted, after which we had an all-day meeting, with a house filled 
with an interested audience. Bro. Emswiler. of Anderson, led the 
song service, while Bro. N. M. Shidler, of Rossville, filled the pulpit. 
His morning subject was the Forward Movement. The Kokomo 
church is hoping to hold a revival in January.— Mrs. Anna Davis, 
Kokomo, Ind„ Dec. 27. 

Muncic.— A small band of members met at the church on Christmas 
Day. Our pastor, Bro. Geo. L. Studebakcr, gave us a good lesson 
and taught us many things concerning the birth of our Savior. After- 
ward a young man came forward and was baptised. Wc took another 
collection of $4.15 for the starving Chinese.— Geo. Kimmel, Muncic, 
Ind., Dec. 26. 

Pipe Crcek.~We had the pleasure of having with us Dr. O. G. Bru- 
bakcr, returned missionary from China, Sunday morning and evening 
of Dec. 19. He gave two very interesting talks, which were enjoyed 
by all present. A collection of $31.60 was taken for missionary pur- 
poses.— Ruth Dailey, Peru, Ind., Dec. 21. 

Plunge Creek chapel met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. I. B. Book 
presiding. One letter has been received since the last report. Of- 
ficers elected for the coming year arc as follows: ,Bro. I. B. Book, 
elder; Bro. Rudy Michael, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Fern 
Ulrey, secretary; Bro. A. B. Itlrcy, trustee; Sister Ida Harp, primary 
superintendent; Sister Faye Arnold, " Messenger " agent and cor- 
respondent. — Mrs. Bertha Royer, Sidney, Ind., Dec. 22. 

Roann. — Nov. 28 Bro. Harley Fisher gave us a very inspiring sermon 
on, " The Law of Forgiveness," and "Doctrine of Love." The church 
convened in council Dec. IS, with Eld. 1. B. Book as moderator. 
Ray Figert was elected Sunday-school superintendent; Ira Swihart, 
trustee for three years. A Ministerial Committee was chosen to 
look after the Ministerial work of the church, to see that the appoint- 
ments were all filled. The Missionary and Temperance Committees 
were retained for another year. Special arrangements were made to 
replenish the treasury so that all financial needs of the church may 
be supplied. The church decided to send the surplus Sunday-school 
money and the birthday offerings, amounting to $100, to the Chinese 
relief fund.— Mrs. Estella Musselman, Denver, Ind., Dec. 23. 

Salamonic— Our Thanksgiving service was held in the evening. Eld. 
H. L. Hartsough, the pastor, gave the address to a large audience. 
An offering of $82 was taken for Chinese relief. Dec. 4 the church 
met in council. Several letters were granted. Sunday-school and 
church officers were elected, with Hampton Zook and Henry Heaston, 
superintendents oi the Aduit Department. Herman Wiley artd Jesse 
Heaston were elected on the Missionary Committee. Dec. 19 the 
Sunday-school completed the reorganization by the election of teach- 
ers and assistants. Dec. 26 a very impressive installation service was 
conducted by Eld. H. L. Hartsough. About forty workers, who 
had been called to service in the Sunday-school and for the Christian 
Workers, responded. The Primary Department of the Sunday-school 
gave a Christmas program Dec. 2b. A large audience was present 
and the program was very interesting throughout.— Hampton Zook, 
Huntington, Ind., Dec. 27.j 

Wakarusa. — We just closed a very spiritual revival, beginning Dec. 
S and closing Dee. 23 with a love feast, which was enjoyed by all the 
mcjnbcrs. Bro. j. Edwin Jarboc, of Lincoln, Nebr., conducted the 
meetings. His sermons were very interesting and beneficial to all. 
He preached the truth with great power and emphasised very strongly 
the need of obeying every command of Jesus. Sister Edith Pletcher, 
of Goshen, Ind., conducted the song service. Although the weather 
was stormy, the attendance was very good. The citizens of the town 
and members of other churches took an active part in the meeting. 
Twenty -two confessed Christ, of which number nineteen were bap- 
tized. Several members also c£ dedicated their lives to the Lord. — 
Mrs. Bertha A. Metzler, Wakarusa, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Wawaka.— Our council was held Dec. 18, with Eld. Gcyer in charge. 
Sunday-school officers were elected for the coming year. It was de- 
cided to havd£ revival meeting next May, with Bro. Reubcti Shroycr 
in charge. Bro. Bookwalter, a student of Manchester College, who is 
preaching for us every two weeks, was also present.— Hattie Weaver, 
Brirafield, Ind., Dec. 21. 


Coon River.— Dec. 12 Bro. Holsopple, of Des Moines, gave us an 
address on the Anti-Saloon League in the morning. He also ad- 
dressed us at Yale in the evening. Dec. 18 we met at our country 
church in regular council. Committees were appointed and four 
letters were granted. Bro. Fisccl was chosen elder for another year. 
Brethren Stine and Spurgcon were with us and took the voice of the 
church, which resulted in Bro. Ernest Trostle being advanced to the 
eldership. He will be installed at a later date. There was an error 
in the last report of money raised for China. The church raised 
$52.65; the Sunday-school, $5u; the Aid Society, $10 and the solicitors, 
$16; making a total of $128.65. Dec. 19 Bro. Irving Haughtelin gave 
us a practical talk. Sunday evening we had our Christmas program 
which was well attended.— Mrs. Zona B. Ott, Panora. Iowa, Dec. 23. 

Des Moines Valley.— Our regular church council convened Dec. Il, 
with Eld. J. F^Burton presiding. Church officers were elected for 
the ensuing year. Wc were disappointed in not being able to get 
the evangelist wc had secured to begin a series of meetings Dec. 12. 
Bro. Burton, our pastor and elder, informed us that he had accepted 
the pastorale of the church at Greene, Iowa. He has been with us 
'....*■"!!] years and^ our work together has been pleasant. He has 
been a conservative pastor and elder, and an able defender of the 
Gospel— Esther M. Hildreth", Ankcny, Iowa, Dec. 23. 

Dry Creek congregation remembered the Chinese sufferers at 
Thanksgiving with an offering of $53.25. Our Christmas program was 
given Dec. 19. The Sunday-school classes gave their offerings, and 
a public offering was taken, making an additional donation ol $96.14 
for flic Chinese famine fund. ' We were favored to have Sister Emma 
Horning, of China, give an address Dec. 20.— Nanny Bear, Robins, 
Iowa, Dec. 27. 


Abilene church met in council Dec. 18 at the Navarre house, with 
Eld. C. A. Shank in charge, Officers for the coming year were elected: 
Bro. Geo. Manon, elder, with Bro. Shank, assistant; Bro. Wm. E. 
Sterner, superintendent of the Sunday-school; Bro. Orcn Rock, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Meeting; Sister Sadie Cline, superin- 
tendent of the Junior Workers. Wc expect to have a Bible Normal, 
conducted by Dr. Kurtz during the holidays. Dec. 19 a Christmas 
offering of $23.50 was taken by the Christian Workers^for the Chinese 
famine sufferers. The Sunday-school will also send their offering of 
Dec. 26. Since our revival, conducted by Bro. Brubaker, of Flatts- 
hurg, Mo., we have been holding a weekly prayer meeting with a 
good attendance by both old and young.— Oren C. Rock, Enterprise, 
Kana.. Dec. 20. 

Bloom.— The church here has just passed through a period of 
unusual spiritual awakening. Brother and Sister O. H. Austin, of 
McPherson, Kans., came to us Dec. 8 for a special revival effort. 
They were with us until Dec. 27. laboring untiringly and effectively 
in song, prayer, sermon, home visitation and personal appeal in a 
very successful manner. Wc are glad to record a quite noticeable 
quickening of the spiritual life of the church membership. The 
Christian people of other denominations were also awakened to 
larger zeal for souls and a splendid spirit of cooperation was devel- 
oped. There were thirty-five confessions. Fourteen were baptized. 
The new members are pearly all enthusiastic young people. Our 
work has been greatly strengthened and the future outlook seema 
much brighter. Our Sunday-school voted to give $10 to the Near 
East Relief, instead of giving a general Christmas treat. The children 
were glad to do this.— J. S. Sherfy, Bloom, Kans., Dec. 28. 

Burr Oak church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. G. W. Burgin 
presiding. Church officers were elected: Chas. Sloniker, clerk; Katie 
Burgin, " Messenger " agent and correspondent; H. L. Garbcr, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Amanda Arbuckle, Christian Workers' 
president. The repairing tfi the churchhouse was placed with a com- 
mittee, to be reported on at the next council. The church decided to 
have a series of meetings next spring if an evangelist can be secured. 
In October the church enjoyed a two weeks' scries of meetings, con- 
ducted by our pastor. While there was only one came forward we 
feel that much good was done. The large attendance at the love 
facst which followed was encouraging and the meeting closed Sunday 
night with a packed house, Bro. A. P. Becker's service as song lead- 
er added greatly to the success and enjoyment of the meeting.— 
Adaline Garbcr, Burr Oak, Kans.. Dec. 27. 

Ji.muta- 1 1 1.: members here met in council Dec. 19, with our elder, 
Bro. E. M. Reed, presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected. 
Bro. R*d was chosen as our elder for another year; Bro. F. G. Ed- 
wards, superintendent for the Sunday-school; Sister Edwards, church 
clerk; the writer, church correspondent; Sister Mattic Mein, "Mes- 
senger" agent. Christian Workers' officers were also choBen. We 
expect to begin a series of meetings Jan. 23, with Bro. August P. 
Becker, as evangelist.— Geo. Dreyer, Chanutc, Kans., Dec 21. 

Kansas City (Arraourdale Mission).— Our mission enjoyed one of 
the best Christmas entertainments in its history. The exercises took 
place Dec. 24. Each number was rendered with pleasing effect. The 
house was crowded to the doors. Through the kindness of several 
churches of our home District we were able to provide fifteen Christ- 
mas baskets for those who were worthy. A number of Aid Societies 
have also sent some nice clothing for the very needy. There will 
perhaps be much suffering among the poor this winter, because bo 
many of the shops and factories are cutting their forces so heavily. 
In, some of the most needy cases we try to render such assistance 
as we arc able.— Mrs. Anna Miller, Kansas City, Kans., Dec. 25. 

Lone Star church having been built in the Washington Creek con- 
gregation, asked for ana* was granted the privilege of a separate 
organization. For thia purpose they met in council Dec. 21, with 
Brethren I. L. Hoover and John Ward, of Appanoose. Bro. C. A. 
Ward was chosen elder; Bro. J. W. Gorbutt, clerk. We decided to 
hold our first council meeting Jan. 15 and elect other officers. The 
Sunday-school completed its own organization Dec. 26, with Bro. 
J. W. Gorbutt, superintendent. We had a very impressive program 
at the church on Christmas Eve. We are indebted to Bro. L. H. 
Griffith for some very good sermons. He has been preaching for us 
each Sunday evening for about three months. We have a committee 
who will do what they can to secure a minister lor next year.— Mrs, 
J. W. Gorbutt, Lawrence, Kans., Dec. 27. 

North Solomon church met in council Dec. II, with Eld. J. E. Small 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. Geo. 
Merkcy, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Hcrndon Garbcr, presi- 
dent of the Christian Workers' Meeting. On account of his age. 
Eld. L S. Lerew handed in his resignation which was accepted. An 
offering of $55 was. taken for the Chinese sufferers.— Mrs. John Moyer, 
Portia, Kans., Dec. 24. 

Ottawa.— Dec. I and 2 Bro. W. O. Bcckncr, of McPherson, gave his 
illustrated lectures in behalf of the college, and on the cigaret evil. 
His work was highly appreciated. Our church closed a two weeks' 
revival Dec. 19, in charge of Bro. E. F. Caslow and wile, of Grand 
Rapids, Mjch. Bro. Caslow preached the Word with power and 
their personal work was much appreciated. Five were won for 
Christ. Others were deeply convicted and the membership built 
up. The attendance at these meetings was good. On the evening 
previous to the beginning of the meetings, the church held a 
reception or get-acquainted meeting for Brother and Sister Caslow — 
Olive M. Whe'cler. Ottawa, Kans., Dec. 21. 


Baltimore (Fulton Avenue).— On Thanksgiving Day we met for a 
special service of praise and thanksgiving. One-half ol the offering 
received was sent to the Chinese relief (und, the other half being 
used in the home work. Dec. 5 Bro. Earl W. Flohr, of Vienna, Va„ 
spoke in behalf of the Bible Institute and Training School, to be held 
at Blue Ridge College Jan. 31 to Feb. 12. Dec. 19 the Sunday-school 
rendered the Christmas Bcrvice, giving for the third tims the White 
Gifts to the King. The financial gifta amounted to $127.71, which 
will be sent to the Chinese and Armenian Relief Fund.— D. C. Angle, 
Baltimore, Md„ Dec. 23. 

Monocacy congregation held her quarterly council at the Thurmont 
house, with Eld. T. S. Fike presiding. We decided to hold a love 
feast at the Thurmont house May 7, at 2 P. M., preceded by a series 
of meetings; and at the Mountaindale house May 28, also preceded 
by a scries of meetings. Our next council will be held at the Rocky 
Ridge house the last Saturday in March.— Allen D. Hoover, Graceham, 
Md., Dec. 24. 


Battle Creek Mission'.— Since Nov. 7 our little church has been a 
frequent place of meeting, with good interest and attendance. We 
feel that God is richly blessing the work at this place. Bro. Harley 
Townsend, of Woodland, has the appointments every two weeks, and 
has given us very spiritual sermons. Dec. 19 Bro. John Smith de- 
livered two Spirit-filled messages. Our Sunday-school is growing 
very rapidly and is very promising for the future. We rejoice to see 
so many different ones coming into the service and especially the 
Sunday- school. Sister Lydia Slauffcr has proven a great help to us, 
especially as a teacher and instructor. We have a Bible Study Class 
on Sunday evening, and also a Teacher-training Class on Friday 
evening. These she has very ably taught. We also have a prayer 
meeting each Wednesday evening. Since our 'last report a few more 
members have located in the city for which we are glad. The offer- 
ings have been good, considering the labor conditions. We hope to 
have a revival meeting and a communion iu the near future.— Mrs. 
Blanche Arnctt, Battle Creek, Mich., Dec. 22. 

Hart church met in council Dec. 18. Officers were elected for our 
Christian Workers' Meeting, with Sister Fannie Rowe, president. 
One has been baptized since our last report.— Mary Swihart, Hart, 
Mich., Dec. 27. 

Lake View.— Eld. C. L. Wilkes preached for us Dec. 9 and 10 and 
his splendid sermons were greatly appreciated. Dec. 11 we met in 
council, with Bro. Wilkins as moderator. Sunday-school officers 
were elected, with Sister Edna Fisher, superintendent. Sister Luke 
Crouch is president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. We expect 
Bro. Wilkins to be with us in a series ol meetings sometime in the 
spring.— Ella Keith, Brethren, Mich., Dec. IS. 


Ncmadji church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. D. F. Landis pre- 
siding. Officers^ were chosen tor the coming year, with Bro, J. F. 
Swallow, elder; Bro. Reuben Ramcr, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister J. H. Harper, Missionary Secretary.— Pearl Ramer, Barnum, 
Minn., Dec. 27. 

Seavcy church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. J. F. Swallow pre- 
siding. Officers were elected for the coming year: Bro. Walter 
Thoman, Sunday-school superintendent. Two letters were received. 
Brethren Fred Stanbrough and Ralph Shade were chosen as deacons. 
The following Sunday morning Bro. Fred Sherland preached a very 
interesting sermon, after which the deacons were installed.— Rebecca 
Stanbrough, Seavey, Min»., Dec. 14. 


Bethany church met' in council Dec. 18, with Eld. E. W. Mason pre- 
siding. Officers were chosen for the coming year, with Bro. Mason, 
elder; Bro. Geo. Clemens, Jr., Sunday-school superintendent; Sister 
Doll Clemens, Christian Workers' president. Two letters were grant- 
ed.— Mrs. Effie Mayden, Norborne. Mo., Dec. 27. 

Bethel.— We held our annual business meeting Dec. 18. Officers 
were elected as follows: Itro. A. D. Sollenbcrgcr, elder; Bro. Clarence 
Hughes, clerk; Bro. W. E. Flory, Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister Cora Way. superintendent of the 'Christian Workers. Three 
church letters were granted. We are glad to secure such an efficient 
pastor as Bro. Sollenbcrgcr. and hope the good work may continue 

to grow. Sister Katie Hoffert was elected church correspondent.— 
Mrs. Ella S. Saylor, Carlcton, Nebr., Dec. 20. 


Frccvillc.— Looking back ovtr the year's work at this place, we can 
s>c much for which to be thankful. There has been some sickness, 
but death has not taken any away. Wc have had a number of visit- 
ing members with us. The visit of Brother and Sister W. B. Stover 
Will long be remembered by us all. Their stay with us wan too short, 
• in. I we are hoping that they can be with us again, while they remain 
in ili. homeland. Both expressed their admiration ot our beautiful 
country. They were surprised that such splendid opportunities 
await those who are seeking homes. We had a pleasant and profitable 
meeting Dec. J, when our elder, Bro. I. W. Taylor, ot Eliiabcthtown, 
Pa., was with us. He expects to come again Jan. H. Jan. y, at 11 
A. M., he expects to make a formal organization oi ihe Frccvillc 
church, Iherc now reside within the territory ol this church more 

than forty members. Some oi these .ire isolated, - mi | . i 

thai our immediate need is for more members to make their home 

with us. Besides the opportunities offered in (arming, there arc 
some splendid openings for any who might wish to engage in business. 

\\ ■■ solicit your inquiries and will gladly answer all letters.— F, L. 

Baker, Frcevillc, N. Y., Dec. 20. 


Hollow Poplar church met iu regular monthly meeting. Our elder, 
h, Peterson, preached on Sunday. One preacher, who had belonged 
to the Christian Baptist church, came forward and gave his hand 
for membership, The church was pleased to receive him, lor we ueed 
Ins assistance. -Dove Peterson, Relief, N. C, Dec. 27. 


Ellison church closed its year's work with a council meeting Dec. 16, 
at which Eld. Mason Huffman presided. New oiliccrs were elected 
both ior Sunday-school and church, with Bro. Jos. Burkholdcr, super- 
intendent. Our Sunday-school has taken up three offerings recently 
lor the Near Last Relief which totaled (67.11, We iiuve been without 
a resident minister siuee Oct. 1, when Eld. J. C Forney, Bro. Geo, 
Stevens and Lewis Hyde and families moved away. Wc are looking 

forward to June when Bio, Hyde will return to hervc as pa 

Ellison feels fortunate in obtaining Die services oi Brother and Sister 
Hyde, this lining their tilth year in Bible training icliool.— Dallas 
Burkholdcr, Rock Lake, N. Dak., Dec. 2?. 

Minot-HJur church met in regular council Dec. 7, at 8 P. M. We 
had two members of our District Mission Board with us— Eldera 
G. I, Michael, oi Kenuiarc, N. Dak., and O. A. Myer, ol Carrington, N. 
Dak. Bro. Myer presided. A considerable amount ol busiucss was 
disposed of. We elected our church and Sunday-scliuol officers. Bro. 
Leander Smith was elected "Messenger" agent and correspondent. 
Sister Mary Smith was elected Sunday -school superintendent, Dur- 
ing the last Isvo months the iollowmg brethren have preached (or US' 
Joseph U. Retail, ot Bertliold, N. Dak.; D. 1. Dicrdorll. oi Surrey, 
i\. Dak.; D. M. Sliorb, ol Minot. Wc have just relumed iroin, 
N. Dak., where we have been engaged in ;. series oi meetings, We 
enjoyed a short visit with Dr. J. S. Geiser, oi j-ioid, Mont., as he 
returned the Mission Board Meeting at Kcnmarc, N. Dak. We 
are always glad to have visitors. Any brethren or sisters passing 
through Minot, will please remember thai we aie here.— Leander 
Smith, Box,632, Minot, N. Dak., Dec. 2-1. 

Now Rockford.— Alter our usual Sunday-school services, Dec. 26, 
a Christinas program waa given. Owing lo the limited lime and bad 
weather, only a short program was prepared, but the mtcrest of 
Uiose Liking part and the help oi the Sunday-aehool in general, 
aided greatly in making u a success. It was vded by Hie d.Uercnl 
classes that the money, usually takeu fur treats ior the Sunday- 
seliool, be sent to the starving children of China. An additional 

collection was taken, making a total ol $22,3;, to be sen I sbl • 

ior missionary purposes. Our Sunday- school i» growing both in at- 
tendance and interest, and we hope to continue oui services through 
the winter montha,— Effie Colony, New Rockiord, N. Dak., Dec. 27. 

Zion church met in council at liie Ziou house Dee. 18, with Eld. J. 
U. kcslcr presiding, assislcd,by Eld. Leander Smith, oi Minot, N. 
Dak, Four letters ol mcniLership were granted. The annual visit 
was favorably reported. Bro. Smith was chosen elder ior [921; S. W. 
Burkhart, clerk; J. J. Gensmger, "Messenger" agent ior Zion, and 
Albert Meyers, for Caudo. A committee waa chosen to orgauiic a 
Teacher-training Class. We have no preaching at Zion at present, 
but a baud of earnest Sunday-school and Christian Workers meet 
every Sunday. Our revival meetings will begin immediately follow- 
ing our District Alce'.ing in July, 1921.— Mrs. Sarah Newcomer, Zion, 
N. Dak., Dec. 19. 


Beaver Creek.— During the past two weeks our community enjoyed 
a great spiritual awakening. Bro. R, N. Leathcrmsn was with us 
thirteen days, remaining over one Sunday. Bro. J. II. Eidcinillcr. 
our elder, was with us as olleu as possible, preaching one Sunday. 
Bro. J. A. R. Couser led in song and alao gave several special selec- 
tions. Twenty-seven came into the church and two were reclaimed. 
The outlook for the future here is very good.— Lodema Stewart. 
Dayton, Ohio, Dec, 27. 

Beech Groves— Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., began a 
-i.-n._s ot meetings here Dec. 6 and preached suaccn inspiring ser- 
mons. Dec. 19 he gave a talk to the children, wliich was enjoyed by 
all. After church services leu were baptized, and on the following 
Wednesday one more was baptized. Sister Alma Wise led the song 
service during the meetings, which was much appreciated.— Hcttic 
Rife, llollansburg, Ohio, Dec. 24. 

Black Rivor.-Sept. 5 Bro. J. W. Barwick. of Philadelphia, began a 
two weeks' series of meetings and closed with a love feast. He 
gave us some very good sermons. Ten were baptiicd. Sister Mary 
Barwick led the song service. Our Thanksgiving offering of $66.50 
was sent to Chicago, to help feed the less fortunate. As a Christmas 
offering wc sent §130 to the Chinese (amine relief.— Mrs. S. H. Orr. 
Spencer, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Circlcvillc mission has been enjoying a season of good things. 
Nov. 30 Eld. S. Z. Smith, of Sidney, Ohio, came to assist in our re- 
vival. He remained with us three weeks, preaching twenty-four 
very spiritual and helpful discourses, and giving three illustrated 
talks to the children. Sister Etta Hellman, from Sidney, Ohio, as- 
sisted as chorister and personal worker. Her work was highly ap- 
preciated by the church and the entire community. There was a large 
attendance at all the services. A special feature of the meeting was 
the large number of children present, occupying the front scats each 
evening, and rendering special songs from time- to time. As a result 
of the meetings twenty-two have been received by baptism. One was 
i former baptism from auothcr church, and five have becu 
ed. Five others, that had waudered away, have renewed their 
consecration. Others are near the Kingdom, and it was the opinion 
that the meetings closed too soon. The church has been much 
strengthened, and eternity alone will reveal the good done, because 
of these meetings. The sisters have organized an Aid Society, with 
Sister Emma Essie, President and Sister Grace Moomaw, Sacretary 
and Treasurer. Wednesday evening we held our business meeting, 
the pastor presiding. Plans were mad* for the coming year. Bro. 
Chas. Essie was appointed as Sunday-school superintendent. A Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting was organized, to be ttfld once a month, 
taking the entire evening. We decided to have two prayer meetings 
each week— one for the adults and one for the children— both to be 
held the same evening.— Oliver Royer, Circleville, Ohio, Dec. 23. 

Logan church met in council Dec. 4, with Bro. H. Z. Smith pre- 
siding. There were six letters grauted, and church officers were 
. I ■ :l ed ior the coming year. Our pastor, Bro. E. E. Eshelman, was 
chosen to conduct a Bible Institute during the holidays. The work 
here is progressing nicely. — Mrs. Floyd Hosteller. Belle ion tame, 
Ohio, Dec. 14. 

Poplar Grove.— Bro. R. H. Nicodemus was with us Nov. 21-28 in 
Bible Class work. He taught with power each afternoon from Psalms 
and Proverbs, ar.d each evening an hour from John and James. Dec. 3 
our regular council was held, with Eld. B. F. Sharp presiding. Of- 
ficers were elected for the coming year, with Bro. Levi Blocher. 
(Continued on Page 32) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


(Continued from Page 27) 

As you know, it is quite customary at that station, to 
remain at home during the rains, which means most of 
June, July and August, but they look none the worse, but, 
instead, it seems as though the climate is agreeing quite 
well with them, and they are making great strides in ac- 
quiring the Marathi language. 

Last week Bro. Ross and family made a short visit to 
Vada. They spent the week-end at Vyara, where they did 
most of their work during their first term of service. 
They report that the new bungalow, that is being erected 
at that place, is about ready for occupancy. The workmen 
are going to Palgar, next, to start the building work 

A number of the boys from the school, here at Bulsar, 
have been going out into the villages to give a program 
in the cause of temperance. It seems as though the time 
is ripe for pushing out along the line of temperance. We 
are glad that Bro. Hoffert is devoting much of his time 
to that work. 

Shivalal, one of our native young men, having a vaca- 
tion from Wilson College, Bombay, has translated several 
temperance charts into Gujarati. He has now gone to 
Vali for a few days, to assist Mrs. Holsopple in translating 
a Child Welfare Chart for the District Meeting exhibit at 
that place in the spring. 

One of the Brethren in the Bible Department started a 
Sunday-school a short distance from Bulsar, among some 
Salvation Army Christians who have no one to lead them. 

Brother and Sister Forney, who have been patients 
at the medical bungalow, are now spending a short time 
at the sea, three miles from here. They are becoming 
stronger. When they have more fully recovered, they 
will return to Jalalpor, and resume their work. 

According to the Committee Meeting decision, Brother 
and Sister J. E. Wagoner, will, in the course of several 
weeks, move to Vyara. Bro. Arthur Miller and wife, and 
Bro. B. F. Summer will move to Anklesvar. Sister Sara 
Replogle has recently gone to Jalalpor with Sister Shu- 
maker, Mrs. Arthur Miller. 


During the last quarter several ministers have preached 
for us. Bro. Russell Wenger, of North Manchester, filled 
the pulpit one Sunday morning and evening. Bro. Bixler, 
of Ohio, delivered a sermon on the Sunday before he left 
for Florida. Bro. B. D. Kerlin, of Garrett, Ind., preached 
in the evening. Bro. Nicodeftius was here in behalf of 
Sunday-school work. Also Bro. Priser, of Manchester 
College, has been with us several times. 

Recently Bro. B. D. Kerlin was chosen pastor of the 
Markle congregation and with his family has located here. 
We trust that all may work together for good, as the 
church has felt the need of a pastor for some time. 

Our Council was held Dec. 18. Quite a few ministers 
were present — Brethren Dan Paul, C. C. Kindy, B, D. 
Kerlin, D. Funderburg and D. B. Garber. Five letters 
were received. Officers were elected, with Bro. Daniel 
Heaston, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Lina Bow- 
man, church clerk; the writer, ''Messenger" correspond- 
ent. Missionary and Ministerial Committees were also 
chosen. Bro. Dan Paul, of the Loon Creek congregation, 
was chosen elder. 

Our Christmas program was given by the juniors and 
was splendid, with Sister Cora Garber as leader. White 
Gifts for the King were given. The Young People's Class 
gave $74 for Chinese relief (also $3 for Chicago Mission); 
the Middle-Aged Class, $6; Aid Society, $15. A class of 
boys and girls, of which the writer is teacher, sent a box 
of seventy-one handkerchiefs to the orphan boys and girls 
at Mexico, Ind. Lillian Earhart. 

Huntington, Ind. 


It has just been my privilege to spend two weeks in 
Bible study with the Gleichen church, Alberta, Can. This 
was my first trip to this splendid section of the country, 
and it was very instructive. I was too late to see the great 
crop harvested and threshed, but not too late to see the 
great grain tanks and trailers moving the wheat to market. 

We could have had better attendance, if some of the 
Brethren had not been compelled to move their grain 
just at that time, but it was very satisfactory anyhow. 
Very few churches respond more heartily to this kind of 
meeting. The weather was fine, but a light epidemic of 
colds prevailed, so one condition balanced the other, and 
conditions were fully up to the average in rural churches. 

Subjects studied were, "Book of James," "The Holy 
Spirit," "The Sermon on the Mount," "Church Doc- 
trines." There were four periods per day — forty-five min- 
utes in length. One session in the morning lasted from 
10:30 to 12; another, in the evening, from 7:30 to 9. 

It was really hard to say which subjects were the most 
interesting to the congregation, for all were intensely 
practical, and the church seemed to have a great appetite 
for spiritual food. This church is served by an able corps 
of ministers, and it has a great future before it if the 
present members abide by the work that they have 

started. Members looking for homes in a good climate, 
where soil is good, would do well to investigate this 
section. Where there are such churches, in such lands, 
there is no excuse for Brethren moving to localities where 
thuy can not find church privileges. 

I return, however, to my Washington home in time to 
avoid whatever severity of weather Alberta has in store 
for the Brethren there this winter. My next Institute 
will be in this mild climate, in the Outlook church, Wash. 

Oroville, Wash. Paul Mohler. 


The meeting was held in the Goshen City church Dec. 
18. An all-day session was held and the program con- 
sisted of three subjects. 

The first was " Principles vs. Methods." The ninth con- 
clusion, " In changing methods, the attitude of both the 
world and the church must be considered in their adop- 
tion," drawn from this subject, was considered by Eld. 
David Metzler. Arguments were grouped as follows: (1) 
Because the Scriptures so teach. (2) Paul so taught and 
practiced. (3) Because of the mission of the church in the 
world. It was shown that the Scriptures teach that in 
the use of methods we should give no occasion of stum- 
bling, either to Jews or to Greeks, or to the church, and 
that, in the use of methods, Paul became all things to ail 
men, that he might by all means save some. He showed 
that it is the mission of the church so to impress the world, 
that it, through God's children, might be saved. It was 
decided to print a condensed form of Bro, Metzler's dis- 
cussion for the use of our ministers. 

The second subject considered was: " Disfellowshiping 
Members," by Eld. Eli Roose. The thoughts given on this 
subject should have been heard by every minister in the 
Brotherhood. Matt. 18 was cited as a message of mercy, 
teaching that we must save, forgive, restore. Paul's 
words were the cap-sheaf — " Reprove, rebuke, exhort, 
with all long suffering and doctrine." This subject was 
related to the former topic by the further thought that 
ciders should' be firm on all questions of principle, but 
should be flexible in the case of possible differences of 
opinion over methods. Paul was shown to have been of 
this type — firm yet flexible. 

The third subject considered was: "The Church's 
Separation from, and Affiliation with, the World." Eld. 
H. H. Helman discussed this subject, showing the several 
uses of the word " world," by the Scriptures. The follow- 
ing arguments were presented: (1) The Christian is in the 
world. (2) The Christian is not of the world. (3) The 
Christian is hated by the worid. It was shown that this 
subject, like the two preceding ones, has a human and 
divine side, and that, while individuals are at first merely 
human, they may, through Christ, receive the full indwell- 
ing of the divine nature. 

The spirit of these discussions was such as to make our 
hearts burn, and yearn to do more and better work. Our 
next meeting will be held in the First South Bend church, 
March 18, 1921. Levi M. Neher. 

Warsaw, Ind. . .» . 


We have just enjoyed a successful revival, conducted 
by Bro. Geo. W. Flory, of Covington, Ohio, and W. H. 
Haldeman, of Morrill, Kans. Thanksgiving Day marked 
the opening of the campaign, and we enjoyed Thanks- 
giving dinner together at the church. Over two hundred 
ate this meal together in blessed fellowship. Bro. Flory 
preached in the forenoon, afternoon and evening. This 
proved to be a fine way to start our meetings. The next 
week the weather was somewhat unfavorable and since 
our church is located in the open country, and we have 
only dirt roads, which became almost impassable, we 
could do little more than ".mark time," until the next 
Friday evening, when we had "Men's Night" and a large 
crowd. From that time until the close, on Sunday night, 
Dec. 12, the attendance was satisfactory. 

Bro. Flory was with us for the first time and came as 
a stranger to nearly every one. He preached the plain 
Gospel with great power, and adapted himself to the 
situation in a remarkable way. His work throughout 
was of a high order and the church has decided, since 
the close of his work, to secure him for another meeting 
in September, 1921. Sixty-one signified their desire to 
unite with the church during the revival. Two were re- 
ceived at the time of the fall love feast and four have 
accepted the gracious invitation since the meetings 
closed. Of these, sixty-three have been received into 
the church and four will be baptized next Sunday. 

The church is located nine miles southeast of Beatrice, 
in a rich farming district. It is the only active church in 
the community, and ministers to at least a thousand 
people. These additions bring our membership up to 
three hundred — the largest number in the history of the 
congregation. A fine consolidated school is located two 
miles from the church and has an enrollment of two 
hundred. A new $80,000 building houses the school, and 
auto-hacks transport the scholars. Prof. Bert Spidel is 
superintendent of the school and one of our loyal church 

workers. Our elder, James W. Gish, is president of the 
Board of Education. The school grounds contain fifteen 
acres. Besides the school building there is a ten-room 
teacherage, a large building for the teaching of manual 
training and housing the trucks. There is also a barn 
and several sheds. Athletics are provided for by a well- 
equipped gymnasium, with hot and cold baths. The ath- 
letic program includes football, basketball, baseball and 
probably track work. 

The annual business meeting was held on Saturday, 
Dec. 18. Eld. James W. Gish was reelected elder in 
charge. Bro. O. C. Frantz was chosen Sunday-school 
superintendent. Mrs. Ethel Miller will have charge of 
the Primary Department. The Sunday-school Board has 
selected the teachers for 1921 and will also have charge 
of the Vacation Bible School next June. Mrs. Laura 
Wrightsman was chosen "Messenger" correspondent 
and Mrs. Lizzie Miller, "Messenger" agent. A. N. 
Frantz, A. M. Miller and Mrs. Mary Heiny will head the 
Adult, Intermediate and Junior Divisions of the Christian 
Workers' Society. The church treasurer reported that 
the Thanksgiving offering amounted to $162, which was 
divided between World-wide Missions and China Relief 
work. He also reported that the offerings taken during 
the evangelistic campaign more than met all expenses. 

The Sunday-school will give a Christmas program on 
Sunday evening, Dec. 26. Edgar Rothrock, Pastor. 


BRUCE LAKE, IND.— Report of Ladies' Aid Society for 1921: Dec. 
16 we reorganized for the coming year and new officers were elected: 
Sister Susie Gibbs, President; Sister Amanda Bixler, Superintendent; 
Sister Hoover, Treasurer; Sister Dora Hirt, Secretary. We did some 
work on our quilt-blocks. We hope to be able to carry on this 
good work and accomplish much good.— Albina Henricks, Bruce Lake, 
Ind., Dec. 16. 

GUTHRIE, OKLA.— Report of Aid Society from March 2, 1920, to 
Dec. 9, 1920: Number of meetings held, 25; number of days' work 
done, 15#; average attendance, 9. We made 31 garments and 3 
quilts; put up nearly 400 quarts of fruit and vegetables for District 
Meeting; sent a box of bedding and some clothes to a poor minister, 
and a box of clothing to Chicago. Received by dues, $10.20; for work 
done, $13.15; for serving pics at sales, $39.40; for fruit left from 
District Meeting, $9.10; donations, $9.25; total, $81.10; paid out for 
supplies, $25.93; sent $15 to the Chinese sufferers; $6 to the District 
Secretary; total, $46.93; balance, $39.37.— G oldie E. Gripe, Guthrie, Okla., 
Dec. 18. 

ROSSVILLE, IND.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society for 1920: We 
held 16 afternoon meetings, 5 all-day meetings and several evening 
meetings, with an average attendance of 8. Our work during the 
year was quilting, piecing comfort-tops and making comforts. We 
received from donor members, $12; offerings, $3.27; for quilting, $8.28; 
comforts, $11.75; coverings, $5.24; other goods sold, $25.10; market, 
$25.70; balance from 1919, $18.68; total, $115.02. We paid out for ma- 
terial. $43.58; to Sister Lear, $5; District Secretary, 25c; to a sister 
for coverings. $3.15; quota for Forward Movement, $20; to a sister 
in Chicago, $5; total, $76.98; balance, $38.04. We sent a box of cloth- 
ing to the Home at Mexico and a box of bedding to the Home at 
Middlotown; donated an afternoon's work to a sister, and gave two 
comforts to needy families of our community. We reorganized, with 
Sister Hazel Shidler, President; Sister Helen Beydle^Vice- President; 
Sister Hannah Metzger, Superintendent; Sister Ev^Teegardenr As- 
sistant; Sister Lillian Hufford, Secretary-Treasurer; the writer, 
assistant.— Vernic Metzger, Rossville, Ind., Dec. 23. 

STAUNTON, VA.— Report of the Barren Ridge Aid Society from 
November 1919 to 1920: Twelve meetings were held with an average 
attendance of ten. Articles made: comforts, quilts, prayer-coverings 
and clothes-pin aprons. Balance on hand Nov. 1, 1919, $6.32; received 
during the year, $64.36; total, $70.68. Expenditures: material, $18.36; 
O. F. Helm. $2; for the poor, $15.57; General Secretary, 25 cents; hos- 
pital in China, $5; two missionary boxes, $12.83; total, $54.06; balance, 
$16.62. Officers: President, Sister Elizabeth Coffman; Vice-President, 
Sister Beatrice Harris; Secretary, Sister Elsie Crickenberger; Treas- 
urer, Sister Lettie Landis.— Effie Alley, Staunton, Va., Dec. 23. 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for the publication of a 
;irnage notice may be applied to a three months' "Gospel Mes- 
nger " subscription for the newly-married couple. Request should 
: made when the notice is sent, and full address given. • 

Brunner-Baahore.— By the undersigned, at their newly-furnished 
home, 135 Trinidad Avenue, Hershey. Pa., Dec. 18, 1920, Bro. John 
Henry Brunner, and Sister Anna M. F. Bashore. daughter of Samuel 

nd Sarah Bashore, Hanoverdale, Pa.— A. M. Kuhns, Union Deposit, 


Leathennan-Slifer.— By the undersigned, at the home of Bro. 
G. A. Thomas, Hagerstown, Md., Nov. 18, 1920, Bro. John C. Leather-. 
man, of Myersville, Md., and Sister Etta O. Slifer, of Hagerstown, 
Md.— J. S. Bowlus, Hagerstown, Md. 


"Blessed are the dead which die In the Lord 

Acord, W. F., died at the home of his son, J. W. Acord, Nov. 25, 
1920. aged 87 years, 7 mouths and 11 days. He had been confined 
to his room since early in the spring. The cause of his death was 
old age. He had been a member of the Freewill Baptist church for 
a number of years. Services by Rev. Thompson.— Anna F. Sanger, 
Crab Orchard, W. Va. 

Burkholder, Sister Lucinda Jane (Wells), born in Perry County, 
111., died Dec. 2, 1920, at Burr Oak, Kans.. aged 65 years, 1 month and 
A days. She married Luther Burkholder in 1877. There were four 
sons and two daughters. She leaves her husband, four sons, three 
brothers, one sister and ten grandchildren. Brother and Sister Burk- 
holder came to Kansas in 1880, locating near Burr Oak and have 
lived in this community most of the time. She has been a member 
of the Brethren church for about fifteen years and was a faithful, 
consistent Christian woman. Services by the writer, assisted by 
Rev. Demert, in the Brethren church. Interment in the Burr Oak 
cemetery.— Geo. W. Burgin, Burr Oak, Kans. 

Dlllman, Bro. Joseph, born in Preble County, Ohio, died at the 
home of his daughter in Kingman, Ind., of pneumonia, Nov. 21, 1920, 
aged 92 years, 8 months and 26 days. He married Sister Rebecca 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


Ikenberry in 1SS1. There were three daughters. Oct. 2, 1920, he was 
- baptized. He leaves ihrcc daughters, seven grandchildren and two 
great-great-grandchildren. Services by Bro. John W. Root in the 
Methodist churchhougc in West Lebanon. Burial in the West Leb- 
anon cemetery.— Nancy Chovers, West Lebanon, Ind. 

Fletcher, Sister Nancy Bricker, died Nov. 29, 1920, aged 95 years. 
3 months and 22 days. Sister Fletcher was one of the charter mem- 
hers of the Ligonier congregation. Services by Rev. Good of the 
United Brethren church.— W. E. Wolford, Ligonier. Pa. 

Forth, Sister Martha, nee Baker, born near Greenville, Ohio, died 
at the Simmons Hospital. Lawrence. Kans., Nov. 30, 1920. aged 52 
years, 6 months and 2 days. She married W. -P. Forth in 1886. Sh L - 
united with the Brethren church thirty-six years ago and was always 
a willing worker. She leaves her husband and two brothers. Serv- 
ices at the Brethren church. Lawrence, by Eld. I. L. Hoover. Inter- 
ment atOak Hill cemetery near Lawrence.— Mrs. J. A. Forth, Over- 
brook. Kans. 

Frederick, Sarah Elizabeth, daughter of Emmanuel and Nancy 
Miller, born in Darke County, Ohio, died in Minneapolis, Minn., Nov. 
4, 1920, aged 6S years, 10 months and 6 days. In 1875 she married 
Daniel D. Frederick. There were nine children. She leaves her hus- 
band, seven children, three brothers and two sisters. In June, 187S, 
she united with the Church of the Brethren in the Painter Creek 
congregation. She was buried in the cemetery near the Oakland 
church, Ohio. Services at Painter Creek by Bro. Jesse Stutsman.— 
Martha Minnieh, Greenville. Ohio. 

Hart, Sister Mary S., died at the home of her sister, Mrs. Knouse, 
in the bounds of the Lost Creek congregation, Pa., Nov. 21, 1920. 
aged 83 years, 1 month and 20 days. She was a member of the 
Brethren church for about forty-seven years. Her husband, John 
Hart, preceded her a number of years ago. Two sisters and two 
brothers survive. Services by the writer. Burial in the Mennonite 
cemetery near Richfield.— John E. Rowland, Bunkertown, Pa. 

Hylton, Russell, aged 3 years and 6 months, died in Oroville Hos- 
pital Dec. 10, 1920, from a wound caused by a horse kicking him. He 
was the son of Z. T. Hylton and Sister Maggie Hylton, of Oroville, 
Wash. Services in the Okanogan Valley church by C. E. Holmes and 
the writer. Interment in the cemetery by the church.— M. F. Woods, 
Tonaskct, Waih. 

west of Duncansville, Ohio, Dec. 19. 

e or less for years. He leaves his 

indson. Services at the Church of 

Interment at Locust Grove ceme- 

Mann, Jesse, died at his home 
1920. He had been afflicted mo: 
wife, two daughters and one gi 
Christ in Peebles by the writer. 
tery— Van B. Wright, Peebles, 

Miller, Lillie Calvert, bom in Adams County, Ohio, died at her 
home in Altamont, Kans.. of peritonitis. Dec. 11, 1920, aged 44 years, 
4 months and 21 days. In 1902 she married B. S. Miller. At the age 
of fifteen she became a member ot the Church of the Brethren, 
Brother and Sister Miller moved from Monmouth, Kans., to Altamont 
in the spring of 1912, where they have ever since resided. She 
leaves her husband, one brother and two sisters. Burial at Madison. 
Kans. Services by Eld. S. E. Lantz. — Mrs. Pearl Morrison, Altamont, 
- Kans. 

Mosholdcr, Bro. James, born at Berlin. Somerset County, Pa., Sept. 
!9, 1843, died at his home, 64 Sell Street, Johnstown. Pa., after a 
lingering illness, of a complication of diseases, Dec. 2, 1920. aged 77 
years, 2 months and 13 days. After his marriage to Mary Knupp, in 
1870, they made their home in what is now this city, and where they 
have lived ever since. He is survived by his widow, three sons, one 
daughter and fifteen grandchildren. One son, E. C, is a deacon. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren about six years ago. He 
called for the anointing and expressed his readiness to go. Services 
by his pastor. Eld. E. M. Dclwilcr, assisted by Elders Silas Hoover 
and W. H. Rummel. Interment in Grand View cemetery.— Jerome E. 
Blough, Johnstown, Pa. 

Priser, Ssloma Hapner, horn in Montgomery County, Ohio, died 
jjt her home, near Packerton, Ind., Dec. 13, 1920, aged 88 years and 5 
days. She married Samuel Priser in 1853. There were three sons 
and two daughters. Early in life she became a member of the Church 
oE God and remained true !o this faith. She is survived by three 
sons. Services by the writer at the United Brethren Church in 
Packerton. Burial in the cemetery near by.— Moyne Landis, Sidney, 

Price, Beulah M., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Wm. Price, of Bergey, 
died Dec. 16, 1920, aged 2 years, 1 month and 16 days. She is sur- 
vived by her parents and two sisters. Interment in the Indian Creek 
Brethren _cemetery.— Edwin S. Halteman, Vernfield, Pa. 

Rittenhouse, Sister Sarah, born in Ashland County, Ohio, died at 
her home near Easton, Md.. of cancer, Oct. 20, 1920, aged 75 years, 3 
months and 25 days. She united with the Church of the Brethren at 
the age of sixteen and has lived a life of Christian service ever 
since. One daughter and two sons survive, with fourteen grand- 
children and eleven great-grandchildren. She had been a great suf- 
ferer for the past year, but hore it all with Christian patience. Burial 
in the Peach Blossom cemetery.— Jacob H. Geib, Cordova, Md. 

Sanger, Henry Edward, born near Bridgcwater, Rockingham County, 
Va., died at his late home, at Cordova, Md., where he resided for 
thirty-three years, Aug. 8, 1920, aged 74 years, 4 months and 10 
days. Dec. 21. 1875, he was united in marriage with Bettie E. Pobst. 
who, with four daughters and two sons, survives him. After a 
married life of nearly forty-five years, his going makes the first 
break in the family. He united with the Church of the Brethren in 
early life, having been a member for about fifty-seven years. He 
has held the office of deacon for nearly fifty years, having served 
the church in this capacity with conscientious loyalty up to the time 
of his departure. Those of his family who survive, are all members 
of the church.— Jacob H. Geib, Cordova, Md. 

Shidelcr, Sister Eliza Jane, wife of Warren Shideler, residing with- 
in the bounds of the Freeburg congregation, died of cancer, Dec. 
13, 1920, aged 64 years and 16 days. About forty-four years ago she 
became a member of the Church of the Brethren to which she re- 
mained faithful. She is survived by her husband, a daughter, eleven 
grandchildren and one prcat-granddaughtcr. Services by the writer, 
assisted by Bro. D. F. Stuckey. Burial in the Freeburg cemetery.— 
A. H. Miller, Akron, Ohio. 

Smith, Tiro. John H„ died at bis home in York, Pa.. Dec. 3. 1920. 
aged 63 years. 8 months and 6 days. Death was due to paralysis, 
from which he suffered for two months. He united with the church 
seven weeks before his death. He is survived by his wife, seven 
brothers and three sisters. Services in the First Church, York, by 
Eld. Daniel Bowser and Bro. L. Elmer Leas. Tnterment in the 
Mummert cemetery, near East Berlin.— Alice K. Trimmer, York, Pa. 

Smith, Bro. Christian, died at the home of his son, in Lebanon 
County. Pa., Nov. 27, 1920, aged 83 years, 1 month and 1 day. He suf- 
fered patiently for a long time from a lingering illness. He was a 
consistent member of the Church of the Brethren. He is survived 
by five sons, two daughters, a number of grandchildren and great- 
grandchildren. His wife, two sons and one daughter preceded him. 
Services in the South Annville meetinghouse by Elders Jacoh H. 
Longenecker and A. B. Gingrich. Interment in the Gingrich (Men- 
nonite) cemetery.— Fannie K. Longenecker, Annville. Pa. 

Swinger, John, horn in Lebanon County, Pa., died Dec. 4, 1920. at the 
home of his son, John L. Swinger, near Painter Creek, Ohio, aged 92 
years. 2 months and 5 days. In 1850 he married Margaret Stouffer. 
There were five children, two of whom, with his wife, preceded him. 
He was a faithful deacon. Although blind, his memory served him 
well. He was one of the number who helped to build the first 
cburchhouse at Painter Creek. He leaves two daughters, one son, 
nineteen grandchildren, twenty-five great-grandchildren, three great- 
great-grandchildren, one brother and a sister. Services at the Paint- 
er Creek church by Bro. Lawrence Kreider.— Martha Minnieh, Green- 
ville, Ohio. 

Wetzlcr, Bro. Peter, died in Harrishurg, Pa., Dee. 2, 1920. aged 82 
years, 9 months and 20 days. He was a devoted member of the 
Brethren church for about thirty-eight years. Most of his life was 
spent in the Lost Creek congregation. He leaves his wife and 
one son. Services by the writer and Bro. W. K. Conner. Interment 
in Bunkertown cemetery.— John E. Rowland, Bunkertown, Pa. 

192 1 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 8, 1921 


Official Organ of tin- Cburcb of (ho IJrotlirco Publishing House, R. E. Arnold. Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 2-1 S. State St., Elgin, 111., til $2,00 i _r annum, in 
advance. (Canada Bubscri) □ nftj ci nts extra.) 

Entored at thr Postofflcp nt. Elgin, III., na See on a -el a 88 Matter. 
Acceptance for mailing m speclnl rate of postage provided Mr in 
section 1103, Att of October 3, 1017. authorized August 20, 1018. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 29) 
Sunday-school superintendent.— Nettie Huffman, Greenville, Ohio. 
Dec. 22. 

Potsdam.— The revival effort of the'Salcm and* Ludlow church at 
this plncc closed a very spiritual three weeks' series of meetings 
Sunday evening, with Bro. T. D. Butlcrbaugh, of Silver Lake, Ind., 
evangelist. He preached the Word with power and his messages 
were Spirit-filled. The members have been strengthened. The inter- 
est and attendance were splendid from start to finish. Three con- 
fessed Christ, two ol whom have been baptised. God's power was 
made manifest during these meetings when Sister Dickey's life was 
despaired of. With the anointing services and the special earnest 
prayers of God's people, the Great Physician has spared her lite. 
Dec. 26 our Christian Workers' Society rcudercfl a short Christmas 
program in connection with the topic of the evening. Sister Emma 
Ifciscy, oi this church, directed the song services during the meet- 
ings.— Mary Weisenbargcr, Laura, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Toledo.— Through the faithfulness of Our pastor. Bro. N. K. Mc- 
Kimmy, and Bro. S. II, Vorc, our church is ncaring completion. Dec. 
16 we met in council with our elder, Bro. E. E. Eshelman, presiding. 
Various officers were elected: Elder, llro. E. E. Eshelman; Sunday- 
school superintendents, Brethren H. E. McKimmy and B. S. Thorn- 
ion. Bro. Diaz, from the Philippine Islands, was with us Dec. 19 
and Dec. 26. His talks were appreciated by all present. We expect 
to have our first services in the basement ol our new church Jan. 2. 
We thank God, and also the District, for this place of worship.— Erma 
Kascr. 1216 Nevada Street, Toledo, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

West Charleston.— Our congregation recently enjoyed a spiritual 
and helpful evangelistic effort. Bro. Van B. Wright, of Peebles. Ohio, 
gave us splendid messages for two and a half weeks, beginning on 
Thanksgiving Day. The message of song was very forcibly and ef- 
fectively brought to us under the leadership of Sister Wright. Bro. 
and Sister Wright visited in the homes of almost every family of 
our congregation, and also in many other homes in the community. 
As a result of the meeting ten were baptized and one reclaimed. 
Our Thanksgiving Day offering amounted to §120 and was divided 
equally between the China and Armenian Relief funds. The children 
seemed to be right at home in the Christmas program, rendered on 
Friday evening, Dec. 24. The committee deserves much credit lor 
their faithful and splendid services, Bro. Koy Kams was installed 
into the ministry at the close of Uic regular service, on Sunday morn- 
ing, Dec. 26, he having been called to the ministry by the congre- 
gation on a previous date- He is now in training in Manchester 
College. A part of our Christmas offering was given to Bro. Inman 
and family, and lor the Sunday-school at Springfield. The amount 
oi the gift was estimated at S60. Uro. Lcroy Eisb,_ of the West Dayton 
congregation, preached for us on Sunday evening, Dec. 26. We give 
God the praise fgr the experiences and the opportunities of the serv- 
ices, and the accomplishments of our congregation during the year 
1920.— Bertha M. Eideroiller, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Dec. 27. 

Wooster church at the quarterly council in November reelected 
Bro. K. M. Mooruaw as elder for the coming year. The " Messenger " 
agent, correspondent, trustee and member of the Missionary Com- 
mittee were elected in order as follows: Simon Harshman, Miriam 
Fetter, M. G. Moomaw and C. C. Moomaw. A Temperance* and 
Purity Committee was chosen at the same lime: Bro. D. M. Bru- 
baker, A. C. Buchwalter and Ethel McFaddcn Wcidman. The Sun- 
day-school next year will be under the leadership of Bro. C. C. 
Moomaw. We are hoping for a year oi growth and progress. — 
Miriam Hoff Fetter, Weilcrsville, Ohio, Dec, 21. 


Big Creek church met in council Dec. 16, with Eld. V. K. Meek 
presiding. Officers for the church, Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Society were elected, with Sister. Dm a Holdcrrcad, super- 
intendent; Bro. Roy Fillmore, president, Wc decided to organize 
a Junior Christian Workers' Society, with Sister Lovita Pippengar, 
superintendent. Our series oi meetings, conducted by Bro. James 
Hardy, of BartlesviUc, Okla.. closed Nov. 27 with a love feast, at 
which Bro. Hardy officiated. Sixty communed. There were no 
accessions to the cburch, but we were greatly benefited by the 
meetings.— Nellie B. Kinzic, Ripley, Okla., Dec. 21. 

Pleasant Plains cburch met in council Nov. 20. Church, Sunday - 
school and Christian Workers' officers were reelected: Bro. Booze, 
elder; Sister Anna Ford, President of the Young People's Meeting; 
the writer, superintendent oi the Sunday-school. Five letters were 
granted to members who have been living in another congregation 
tor some time. A committee was chosen to select an evangelist for 
a revival in 1921.— Mary E. Prentice. Aline, Okla.. Dec. 22. 

Washita cburch had the privilege of hearing a discourse by Bro. 
Marchand, oi Thomas, Dec. 5. Bro. John Howell was ordained elder . 
at this time. Bro. T. J. Miller, of Kenedy, Texas, while visiting his 
daughter here, also preached for us on Dec. 12. Both messages were 
appreciated. We have singing each Wednesday evening at the 
church, conducted by Mr. Williams, au able instructor in music- 
Mrs. J. R. Pitxer, Cordcll, Okla., Dec. 20. 


Ashland church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. Hiram Smith pre- 
siding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected for the com- 
ing year: Bro. Hiram Smith, elder; M. C. Liningcr,. clerk; Ora L. 
Stump. "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Laura E. Goetze, 
Sunday-school superintendent. All Christian Workers' officers were 
retained. At a special council, held recently, Bro. Bruce Lininger 
was elected to the deacon's office. One was restored to fellowship.— 
Laura E. Goetze, Ashland, Oregon, Dec. 20. 


Hershey.— Six were received into the kingdom by baptism Nov. "6. 
These were converted during the series' of meetings conducted by 
Bro. Wm. Conner, of Harrisburg. Dec. 13 wc met in council, with 
Bro. J. G. Longeneckcr presiding. Bro. John Witmcr, of Union De- 
posit. Pa., was also present, hfo. Longeneckcr has been reelected 
elder in charge for a term of three years. One member was reclaimed, 
and one received on former baptism. Our Sunday-school superin- 
tendents are Bro. Milton Basehore for the Hershey school, and Sister 
Elizabeth Shiftiest for the Hummclsiown school. Our second Teacher- 
training Class took its <~irst examination iri Book One. and different 
members are planning to take up further work. Dec. 19 our elder, 
Bro. Longenecker, preached a very convincing sermon on " Christian 
Baptism.'' following which seven were received by baptisra.-Verna 
Blauch. Hershey, Pa., Dec. 20. 

Lower CumberUpd.-Dec. 4 Bro. Reuben Shroycr, of North Canton, 
Ohio, came to Mechanicsburg, and conducted a three weeks' series 
of meetings. Bro. Shroycr gave us some inspiring sermons. People 
came from far and near to attend these meetings. One stood for 
Christ and one i S to be reclaimed. Bro. G. H. Arbegast and Sister 
Larne Miller were chosen Sunday-school superintendents for the 
coming year.— J. W. Galley, Mechanicsburg, Pa.. Dec. 27. 

Moontville.-Nov. 25 a Thanksgiving service was held. Bro. Adam 
rahneslock preached a good sermon. A fine crowd was present. A 
collect.on of $171 was lifted for the Chinese famine fund. Dec. 8 our 

semiannual council convened, with Eld. I. N. Musser presiding. A 
number of admonitions were given and received in a fine spirit. 
A short time before this meeting the new Sunday-school officers 
were elected. These names were read for approval and accepted: 
Bro. Jonas Witmcr, superintendent for Manor, and Bro. Norman K. 
Musser, lor Mountvillc.— Cora A. McKonly, Mountvillc, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Reading. — Wc located here Oct. 1, to take up the pastoral work of 
this congregation.. We have a convenient churchhousc, centrally lo- 
cated, a band of good workers, an interesting Sunday-school and 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Our purpose is to help build tip the 
work here. This is a large city and a pleasant place to live. There 
arc many industries and it is a large railroad center. Anyone having 
friends or relatives living here, who might, by a proper effort, be- 
come interested in church activities, will please notify me, so that all 
such may be visited. Wc are working hard to locate all who may be 
favorably disposed toward the church, but we need the assistance 
of those who can impart to us much needed information.— Adam M. 
Hollinger, Reading, Pa., Dec. 21. 

Rummel church met in council in November for the purpose of 
electing new officers. Our pastor, Bro. A. J. Becghley. was elected 
elder; Sister Elva Sccsc, clerk; Bro. Elmer Knavel, Missionary Com- 
mittee; Brethren C. S. Knavel and Maurice Knavel, Temperance 
Committee; Stella Hoover, corresponding secretary; Lewis Penrod, 
superintendent of Sunday-school. Wc raised $127.50 to be sent to 
China.— Stella Hoover, Windber, Pa., Dec. 23. 

Snake Spring (Cherry Lane House).— Oct. 31 wc held our love feast, 
which was well attended. Eld. John Bennett, of Artemas, Pa., offici- 
ated. On account of not being able to secure the evangelist we had 
engaged, we could not hold our series of meetings till Dec. 6. Bro. I. 
It. Kensingcr, of Martinshurg, preached sixteen able and instructive 
sermons. Three were received into the -church -by baptism. The 
church was also much strengthened by his efforts— Emanuel G. 
Kooncs. Clcarvillc. Pa., Dec. 24. 

York (First Church).— Nov. 27 we began a series of revival services 
in cjiargc of Bro. J. E. Rowland, of Bunkertown, Pa. The meetings 
continued until Dec. 15. The weather was very good and the attend- 
ance large. Several limes our big church was crowded to its utmost 
capacity. Bro. Rowland had for his sermons such subjects as "Re- 
pentance," "The Design of Baptism," "Love Feast," "Prayer-Cov- 
ering," '* Nonconformity," etc. They were strong Bible sermons, yet 
children could easily understand them. Every message was enjoyed 
as was proven by the attendance and attention. Thirty-seven were 
baptized and three reclaimed. On Thanksgiving Day preaching serv- 
ives were hold in the evening, conducted by Bro. Monroe J. Danner, 
oi East Berlin. Nov. 21 Samuel A. Myers, of Somerset, Pa., filled the 
pulpit. Dec. 21 we met in council. Elders C. L. Baker, A. S. Baugher 
and Bro. W. C. Group were present. Bro. Chauncy Trimmer was 
elected to the ministry. He and his wife were duly installed. Two 
were received by letter. Christmas morning short exercises were 
held at the First church, consisting of special music, recitations and 
giving of gifts. Sunday evening similar exercises were conducted 
at the Second Church. Dec. 26 Bro. Jacob Trimmer, of Carlisle, 
preached for us— Alice K. Trimmer, York. Pa., Dec. 27. 

West Cones toga.— Nov. 6 Bro. Wm. Conner, of Harrisburg, came to 
conduct a series of meetings for us at the Lane house. He preached 
soul-stirring sermons, and gave chalk-talks to the children every 
evening, which we believe made lasting impressions. The meeting 
continued until Thanksgiving. One was reclaimed and five others 
were baptized Nov. 26. This is an isolated place and the field hard 
to work, but the services were well attended— the house often not 
being large enough for the crowd. Thanksgiving morning Bro. 
Conner preached a powerful sermon, after which an offering of 
$113.04 was lifted for home missions. A meeting was announced to 
begin Dec. 4 at the Middle Creek house, in charge of Bro J F 
Myers, of York County. There were thirty conversions. Dec. 23 
three were reclaimed and eight baptized. Dec. 26 the rest were 
baptized. The members were very much revived. Great interest 
was taken by the people of the community, as well as the members 
ot the surrounding congregations. Our large house was sometimes 

filled to overflowing. Dec. 26 our Sunday-school took an offering of 
$43.36 for the Near East and Chinese sufferers.— Jacob M. Bollinger, 
L.titz, Pa.. Dec. 27. 

Manvel cburch met in council Dec. IS, with Eld. M. H. Peters 
presiding. Bro. Peters was elected elder; C. C. Sheaffcr. clerk; Sister 
Florence Moore, " Messenger " agent. It was decided to retain the 
old Sunday-school officers, with C. C. Sheaffer, superintendent. 
Sister Fannie Sprague is Christian Workers' president.— Dorothy D. 
Crouse, Manvel, Texas, Dec. 18. 


Card of Thanks.— Our aged Sister Mary Grooms wishes to thank 
each one who helped to send her the sunshine box she just received. 
She appreciated the loving-kindness that prompted the gifts, and 
they have given her much real pleasure. Our dear sister is past 
ninety years of age and very feeble.— Mrs. M. C. Williams, Mt, 
Sidney, Va., Dec. 22. 

Mine Run church met in council Dec. 18, with Bro. D. M. Glick 
presiding. Two letters were granted. Bro. Glick was reelected elder; 
Bro. W. H. Quann, Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, clerk 
and correspondent. Bro. Glick preached two instructive sermons. — 
Mrs. G. M. Quann, Rhoadcsville, Va., Dec. 22. 


Sunnyside church met in council Dec. 17, with Bro. C A. Wagoner 
presiding. We elected church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' 
officers for the coming year: Bro. C. A. Wagoner, elder; Bro. Chester 
Boyd, clerk; the writer, "Messenger" correspondent; Bro. John 
Reeves, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Chas. Myer, president 
of Christian Workers.— Mrs. M. E. Oswalt, Sunnyside, Wash., Dec. 19. 


Pleasant View church assembled in council Dec. 11., Officers were 
elected as follows: Elder in charge, Bro. E. L. Clower for two years; 
clerk, Sister Cyntha E. Fox, two years; "Messenger" agent, Bro. 
J. H. Wells; church correspondent, Sister Mary Jones; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. T. W. Jones. On Thanksgiving Day we had 
a program. An offering of $127 was taken for the Chinese sufferers.— 
Leila S. Zigler, Faycttcville, W. Va., Dec. 24. 


Winter Term will open January 3, 1921. 

Beginning Classes for Preparatory students.' 

Second Semester will open January 24, 1921. 

New courses open to entering Freshmen and 
other college students. 

Sunday School Teachers' Training Institute of 

four weeks will open January 24, 1921, con- 
ducted under direction of General Sunday 
School Board. 

Bible Institute of one week will open February 
13, 1921. 

Write about the work in which you are interested. 

Huntingdon, Pa. 



Gospel Messenger" 

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Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 

■hole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

'THY KINGDOM COME"— M.». 6= io ; Luke 11.2 

Vol. 70 

Elgin, 111., January 15, 1921 

No. 3 

In This Number 

Editorial — 

The Church Goal 

Spirituality and Money 

What One Brother Found, 

Arc- You a Member or Do You Just Belong? 

Among the Churches 

Around the World 

The Quiet Hour, 

The Forward Movement — 

Reflections ". 

The Budget for 1921 


Contributors' Forum — ■ 

The Refiner's Fire (Poem) 34 

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth. By John S. Flory 34 

A Day Among the Famine-stricken. By J. H. B. Williams 34 

The Sufficiency of Christ for the New Day. By D. W. Kurtz. ..35 

Just Alive. By A. G. Crosswhite 36 

Far-reaching Significance. By Archer Wallace 36 

To All Ministers of the Church of the Brethren. By M. G. 
Brumbaugh, 36 

The Round Table— 

Our Progress in Purity. By Wm. J. Tinkle 38 

Proper Propagandist!!. By Leandcr Smith. ..-. 38 

"Look Up." By Wm. K. Conner, 38 

Making America Really Great. By Wm. E. Thompson, 38 

"■To- Whom Does He Belong? " By Chester E. Shuler 38 

Are You a Prize Package? By Mary E. Prentice, 38 

Home and Family — 

When Friends Are Lying Cold and Lifeless (Poem). By Myra 

Brooks Welch 39 

A Task for American Energy 39 

"Well, Papa Does." By Agnes M. Geib 39 


The Church Goal 

1. A First Look at the Main Fact 

That we may visualize our task a little better and 
check up on our activities occasionally, the church has 
adopted the practice of setting goals. We believe this 
is a good thing because it makes it a little harder for 
us to He down on the job. It helps us to see whether 
we are at work or not. But the present inquiry is not 
concerned with these arbitrary and temporary goals. 
It aims rather to stimulate a little our thought about 
the church goal, the goal of all the churches' striving, 
the goal toward which these others are but steps along 
the way. What is that? 

But let us first call to mind what Paul said about 
another kind of goal — the goal to be sought in in- 
dividual Christian experience. You remember that 
he was pressing on toward that, at the same time that 
he was giving himself so whole-heartedly to the prop- 
agation of the Gospel. It was, in fact, in that very 
thing that he was getting nearer all the time to that 
personal prize he so much coveted. What was that 
prize? "That I may know him," he said. Complete 
fellowship with Christ was what he wanted, even 
" the fellowship of his sufferings, becoming conformed 
unto his death," or, as he put it at another place, " the 
measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ " — 
full-grown Christian manhood. 

This is personal sanctification. It is the goal of the 
church for each of its members. It is what the church 
seeks to accomplish for every one who comes into its 
( fellowship. But it does not state the goal of the 
church as a collective unit. It tells what the function 
of the church is with respect to the individuals who 
compose it, but it tells us nothing as to the scope of 
its ambition. How comprehensive is its program? 
How many does it seek to bring into fellowship with 

To face the question squarely is to see the inevitable 
answer. There is no limit to the scope of the church 
program. By the very nature of its work there can 
be none — none short of the complete sanctification of 
every human being, and that is the same thing prac- 
tically as to say there is none at all. Wherever there 
is sin, wherever there is an evil practice or thought of 
any kind, wherever men and women live who fall be- 

low the Christ standard of life and character, there 
the task of the church is unfinished. The church goal 
is a Christian world. 

Incontestable as this is, there are many who can 
not contemplate it without being bothered by un- 
pleasant complications. Perhaps you can remember 
how, as a boy, when given a large and tedious task 
the first thing you did was to figure out how long it 
would take. No doubt you can remember, too, that 
sometimes the work looked so big and difficult as to 
assume impossible proportions in your eyes. And 
how hard it was, then, to go at it in good earnest ! 
Couldn't father see that he had asked too much? Did 
he really expect you to try to do it all? 

That is about the way we feel when we consider the 
size of the task which Jesus gave to his church. And 
some of us feel this so strongly that we can not content 
ourselves with working at it. We prefer to sit down 
and figure. It's more interesting. And so we get to 
calculating on the possibility — the impossibility, rather 
— of accomplishing the work. This opens a short and 
easy path to the desired conclusion. A Christian 
world is an impossible achievement and it is worse 
than foolish to waste time and energy on such a sense- 
less project. Did not Jesus himself say that at the 
consummation of the age the angel reapers would 
gather out the tares from among the wheat? Doesn't 
that show conclusively that the whole world is not 
going to be won for Christ? Why. batter out our 
brains against a stone wall? Why try to do what 
you know can not be done? God does not expect the 
church to convert the world. Let the church come 
down from that lofty and unstable pedestal of im- 
practical dreaming and confine her efforts to less am- 
bitious undertakings. 

The argument is so, cogent that one must wonder 
that something like it did not occur to Father Abraham 
when he was confronted with an " impossible " situa- 
tion — bidden to sacrifice the heir through whom God 
had promised to make of him a great nation and a 
great blessing to mankind. How do you account for 
Abraham's failure to call Jehovah's attention to the 
fact that this would never do because it simply could 
not be. It would make void Jehovah's word. And 
yet Abraham knew no better than to go ahead with 
the duty given him, allowing Jehovah to get out of his 
dilemma the best way he could. And one thinks of 
others. There's Jonah, for example, the runaway 
prophet who refused to accept the task assigned him, 
just because he feared that God would be able to find 
a way of saving the people he had said he would de- 

Possibly we ought to look into these cases of Abra- 
ham and Jonah a little further. They are very in- 
teresting. And very illuminating also. 

Spirituality and Money 

Whenever you find a man objecting to a fund- 
raising campaign in behalf of some church activity 
on the ground that the church ought to be engaged in 
spiritual things instead of raising money, you have 
found a man that will bear watching. In fact, not 
much watching will be necessary. Without going any 
farther, you can set it down that hew is a man for 
whom money — whether he has much or little — is doing 
what it did for a certain young man of long ago. It 
is keeping him out of the Kingdom. He may be in the 
church — the visible organization — but he is not in the 
Kingdom of God. 

Money represents human energy. It is a useful in- 
strumentality in getting human energy applied to any 

desired end. If using it for the advancement of the 
Kingdom is not a spiritual activity, what is? If it 
docs not seem so to some, that fact is proof that they 
have not enough spirituality to hurt them, or enough 
to do anybody else any good. 

It is time to cut out of our vocabulary and out of 
our thinking this false antithesis between spiritual 
activities and raising money for church use. Spiritual- 
ity is that quality in a man which makes him want to 
devote all that he has and is to the promotion of 
spiritual ends. 

What One Brother Found 

Not very long ago a brother of wide observation 
and well known to readers of this paper was speaking 
of his visit to a certain community. This was his 
comment : " They are not doing anything." 

He explained his meaning. It was not that their 
efforts were unsuccessful, not that they had come up 
against difficulties which they could not surmount. 
They were not trying to do anything. They were just 
waiting — marking time. 

Was it a Christian community that he referred to? 
Yes. At least they were church members. Some of 
them were preachers. And the preachers, naturally, 
were the most " active " in the " campaign." 

What was the matter? What was the idea? Why, 
the idea was that it isn't any use. Why waste energy 
and money in a comprehensive program of Christian 
education and constructive Christian effort, when the 
cause is lost anyway? Pretty clever reasoners, these 
good people, not? 

And so they are quietly conserving their strength ! 
You see they are trying to hold out faithful to the end. 
Their talents they have wrapped up in nice, clean 
napkins and laid away carefully in a safe place! Per- 
haps they have heard that their Master is a hard one, 
and they want to make sure of not wasting any of his 
goods ! 

You may be interested to know that this brother 
visited other communities also and found the members 
alive and busy, and looking forward to still more in- 
tensive activities. They must be trying to hold out 
faithful too. 

Are You a Member or Do You Just Belong? 

We are all familiar with the distinction between 
real and nominal Christians. We know that not all 
who profess to be Christians are really such. We 
know that church-member and Christian are not ex- 
actly synonymous terms. But do we know the differ- 
ence between real and nominal church members? 

What is a church member? How do you become a 
member of the church? Is it by assent to her doc- 
trines and submission to the initiatory rite of baptism? 
That gets your name on the register and gives you 
the right to vote, but does it make you a real member? 

Perhaps you know somebody — an ex-soldier, say — 
with a wooden leg. Is that leg a real member of his 

A member of any organism shares in the life of that 
organism. So does a real member of any organization. 
It functions. It participates in the activities of the 
organization. Otherwise its membership is purely 

Are you a member of the church? How do you 
know? You may be able to cite the testimony of 
some one who was present when you were received 
into fellowship, but that is very scant proof. Are you 
functioning? Are you .part and parcel of the life of 
the body? That is what settles the matter. 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 192! 


The Refiner's Fire 

He sat by a fire of Sevenfold heat 

As he watched by the precious ore, 
And closer he bent with a searching gaze. 

As he heated it more and more. 

He knew he had ore that could stand the test, 

And he wanted the finest gold 
To mold as a crown for the King to wear 

Set with gems of a price untold. 
So he laid our gold in the burning fire 

Though we fain would have said him "nay," 
And he watched the dross that we had not seen, 

And it melted and passed away. 

And the gold grew brighter and yet more bright, 

But our eyes were so dim with tears, 
We saw but the fire — not the Master's hand — 

And questioned with anxious tears. 

Yet our gold shone out with a richer glow, 

As it mirrored a form above. 
That bent o'er the fire, though unseen by us, 

With a look of ineffable love. 

So he waited there with a watchful eye, 

With a love that is strong and sure, 
And his gold did not suffer a bit more heat 
Than was needed to make it pure. 

— Author unknown. 

Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth 


It is an interesting paragraph in which the great 
apostle uses these words. He is writing about the 
Christian ministry, and is pointing out the difference 
between real constructive, helpful preaching and the 
vague, superficial, entertaining kind. This latter he 

Paul is now an old man. His wonderful career is 
nearly closed. As the great preacher and bishop of 
the churches, he is laying down his commission, or 
rather, is delivering it over to the young man Timothy, 
whom he has trained up to be his successor. 

The work of the church is heavy upon his heart. 
Especially is this true of the leadership of the church. 
For, as die leaders are, so will the people be. The 
burden of souls is heavy upon him. He is writing 
almost his last word of instruction to his spiritual suc- 
cessor. How his heart yearns for the cause he so 
much loves. 

This last message is brimful of the wisest and most 
helpful advice. But for our present purpose, we can 
consider only one sentence, which is given as an in- 
junction to the young man: " Study to show thyself 
approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to 
be. ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth." 

What does this instruction involve? 

First of all, study. This means a close application 
to the work in hand, a mastery of its details, knowl- 
edge of its nature, scope and application. God's lead- 
ers should be wise, intelligent, tactful. They should 
understand their work and know how to perform it. 
This implies study. 

And for what? Don't miss the motive of Paul's 
instruction, in order to win God's approval as a worker 
in his Kingdom. Read the verses again. Does this 
seem to divert the object of study from all self-inter- 
est? To know, to amass knowledge, to gain power, 
to win fame — none of these is the object of study, ex- 
cept in so far as it helps us to become efficient work- 
ers in God's service. 

Yes, the Christian minister must be a student. He 
must keep himself informed. He must be a leader of 
thought. lie must study questions through, and 
reach conclusions. He must have convictions. He 
must stand for something. He should be able to help 
those who are in doubt or are uncertain. How else 
can he be a leader? How else can he be God's repre- 
sentative among the people? Jesus always led. The 
true shepherd goes before. 

So leadership is a matter both of knowing and do- 
ing. There is a leadership of thought and a leader- 
ship of work. Paul exemplified both. Most of us are 
not Pauls. But if we are true ministers of God, we 
must be leaders of thought and directors of lives. 

This is certainly a work of which no one needs to 
be ashamed. On the other hand, it is invested with 
the greatest dignity. God's service is always honor- 
able, no matter how the world may look upon it. And 
when carried on in line with his providence and con- 
secrated by the sanctifying power of his Spirit, it will 
triumph. It should be regarded as a glorious privilege 
to have a part in such a work. 

But the proper division of the Word is doubtless 
the difficult part of the apostle's program. And this is 
what makes study a matter of such paramount im- 
portance. To have a full mind and a full heart, to 
feel always the burden of souls and the yearning to 
help them, and at all times to be so under the Spirit's 
guidance that we will say just the right words and do 
just the right thing — oh, this is a privilege. But is 
not this the standard the great apostle would set up 
for him who rightly divides the word of truth? 

There is manifestly something in God's Word for 
every soul. It is an important part of the minister's 
duty to so propound it that the entire audience is fed. 
In fact, in his work as a preacher this is his most im- 
portant duty. This implies a trained mind and a 
cultivated heart — a mind that can discriminate and 
make distinctions ; a heart able to discern spiritual 
realities, and capable of understanding the spiritual 
needs of men. 

To minister to an audience most efficiently, there- 
fore, it is necessary that the minister understand his 
people — the condition of their lives, their difficulties, 
trials, hopes, aspirations. How else can he suit the 
message of his sermon to their needs? 

And I wonder how he will be able to inform him- 
self thus about his many parishioners. Certainly not 
by spending six days of the week in some secular work 
and an hour in the pulpit on Sunday morning. It would 
seem that the Christian minister should give his first 
attention to the work of the church. 

I also have to wonder about the efficiency of the 
ministerial service those churches give to their people, 
who have the custom of rotating ministers, or filling 
the appointments in turn. If a schedule of sermons 
werc_ carefully and intelligently planned, in the light 
of the congregational needs, this might serve the pur- 
pose very well, but observation in our own church, as 
well as in others, has not seen it done this way. And 
our usual " hit or miss " method of unrelated sermons 
can hardly meet the apostle'*s demand of " rightly 
dividing the word of truth." 

Most of us, too, are-given to hobbies. Our thoughts 
run in grooves. There is a group of subjects upon 
which we think until our thought becomes fossilized 
in this group. We brood over these things until they 
assume such importance that all else seems of little 
consequence. Most religious bodies have had this 
handicap to deal with. But it makes for narrowness 
and limitation of view, rather than that comprehen- 
siveness of thought, so earnestly enjoined by Paul and 
Jesus himself. 

When the Master, in his final charge to his disciples, 
exhorted them, among other things, to the teaching of 
all things whatsoever he had commanded them, I 
think he meant what he said, that his disciples should 
leach the people everything he had taught them. Yet 
how many of us preachers have ever undertaken to 
preach to our congregations, in a systematic way, all 
that Jesus taught? How many have undertaken to 
preach through t-he New Testament, or to teach in 
any other way the "all things" of Jesus?' Yet this 
is what he has enjoined us to do. 

It is a nice thing to minister to the people so that 
all are fed. It is just as nice to see that they are in- 
structed in the full doctrine of Christ. Unto what a 
sacred office the Lord has called his ministers! 

Br'idgewater, -Va. 

A Day Among the Famine-Stricken 


Did you ever stand in the presence of a man who 
was starving — one from whose eyes the luster had 
fled, whose feet simply dragged the listless body along, 
and in whose cheeks the swollen symptoms of famine 
and death were coming? If you have not done so, 

then come with me for a day among some of those 
thirty millions of North China, who are facing starva- 
tion this winter and of whom many will have died 
before this article meets your eyes. 

Nov. 13, 1920, will always be remembered by me 
as a day of heartaches. Our missionaries at Ping 
Ting said that we must see something of the famine 
area while among them, and much as we dreaded such 
an experience, we did not want to leave our mission 
field without seeing what it is like, when people ac- 
tually do not know where their next meal is coming 
from. And this dread condition is upon North China 
just now in a terrible fashion. Nothing like it has 
come to this land since the appalling times of 1877- 
1878, when three-fifths of the people, in some large 
territories, died. 

Early in the morning of Nov. 13 nine donkeys and 
one horse came up to our doors, and Dr. Harnly, Bro. 
Yoder and the writer, with seven of the missionaries, 
rode over the hills, a few miles, to visit a famine- 
stricken region. "The people here are not like in the 
country in America. They live in small villages and 
care for their little farms from there. These particu- 
lar villages for which we were headed, are two of the 
ten that our own mission has taken over to care for 
through the winter. The first is five miles from Ping 
Ting and the other that we visited is nearly eight- miles 

As we descended the mountain slope, a mile or so 
from Luanlu — the first of these — we saw a large 
crowd of people outside the city gate, waiting for our 
coming. The news had spread that they were to have 
visitors this day, and since there is nothing for them 
to do, and scarcely a thing of interest ahead of them, 
they came out, perhaps with a faint hope that these 
strangers with the missionaries might have some addi- 
tional relief for them. Drawn up in line were the chil- 
dren of our.outstation schools at this place. Some of 
the people looked gaunt and hungry and many of the 
children of the school showed a lack of nourishment. 
The people were not happy. The men and women did 
not smile. Only on the faces of the children was 
there any sign of special interest at seeing us, as we 
bowed to. them and said " Ping-an," meaning, peace. 

We went on, ahead of this procession, towards the 
center of the town, with the people following in almost 
a silent procession. One little fellow, hardly the age 
of my three-year-old Bonnie, ran along the edge of 
the throng. He was such a tiny bit of humanity, clad 
only in a shirt, with his bare legs sticking out beneath, 
just skin and bones, yet with a wan smile upon his 
face. Old winter will claim him soon, I fear. . 

In the center of town we stopped and the people 
gathered in the open space before a temple platform, 
and there I was asked to speak a few words to these 
folks. What can one say to ah audience of starving 
people? I tried to tell them of Jesus and of their 
friends in America, who, touched by the love of him 
and of them, were gathering money to send out for 
their relief. Then, not knowing of any other words 
on earth, that were suitable for the occasion, I quit. 
It was cruel to talk when these people wanted food. 
A prayer was offered and I am sure that Jesus heard. 

But the greater interest was not in us but in the 
steaming millet that was waiting in the kitchen, near 
by, and the hour was at hand when this was to be 
given out. 

You will be interested in knowing something of the 
way that the food is distributed to these people. The 
village possesses quite a thorough organization of its* 
own, having its elder and assistant elders, who are in 
charge of a certain number of families. These men 
are acquainted with those in their charge, and in 
checking up for famine relief it is easy to learn, 
through them, of those who are in direst circum- 
stances. Our missionaries, with their Chinese assist- 
ants, go out to these elders, and visit the houses that 
are. suggested to them. There they not only observe 
and talk to the people, but look into their food jars 
and wherever food may be kept. This had been done, 
some days before our coming, at Luanlu, and the peo- 
ple had already been fed a few times. 

Each one who was to be fed had a little wooden 
paddle upon which was written his name and the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


amount of food that he was to get. I think the ration 
when we were there was six ounces of millet, cooked, 
and this only once per day. The amount would soon 
have to be increased. We saw the line of more than 
one hundred file silently by the men in charge, and 
receive their portion in an iron bowl. Then home 
they would usually go with it, and there water was 
likely added, as well as leaves, or whatever they might 
have on hand that would make it go further towards 
filling up that aching, craving void within the bodies 
of the members of the family. Several hundred more 
will be added to this list at Luanlu within the next 
month or two. 

From here we went over to the other village, with 
the unpronounceable name, and again many met us 
outside the city gate. This was the first day of food 
distribution. The same method of distribution, under 
the direct supervision of our dear Brother Yin, was 
carried on here, as in the other village. How pinched 
the people were! One old man sat there so pitiful, 
with his face already swelling with famine. Dr. 
Wampler took his bowl and brought food for him, 
but told us that he would likely be dead in less than a 
week. After the food was all gone, I saw the picture 
of famine that will not fade. It was of two wee 
babies, standing there with their bowls, hungry, starv- 
ing, crying as if their hearts would break, and the food 
all gone ! Up the street they went, weeping. What 
can hunger mean to a three-year-old child ? Could one 
be blarned for doubling his famine subscription? 

Our missionaries took us into some of the homes 
after the food was all given out, and this was only to 
confirm the utter want of these people. One old lady 
was sitting on her brick kang, eating a bowl of hot 
food, but it was corncobs ground up and roasted. Her 
daughter was eating a dish of ground corncobs, mixed 
with millet chaff, while their food jars contained 
leaves, chaff or nothing at all. Othef homes were 
visited in which these things, even, were absent. 
" Take our children," some of these poor people say, 
as they grow desperate with the winter coming on, " it 
does not matter so much about us, but do not let them 

These are not all the poorest of the poor. Some of 
them, in ordinary years, have plenty of food. Many 
of them are the better class of farmers, but they sim- 
ply have raised nothing for two years, and they have 
no money with which to buy. They do not like to 
beg ; they are not lazy. They are the industrious 
folks of the land. 

Upon our return we stopped again at Luanlu, to 
visit the mission schools. The wee lads and lassies 
lined up and sang for us in their sweet Chinese man- 
ner, " When he cometh, when he cometh, to make up ' 
his jewels," etc. While these will doubtless be cared 
for, there are millions more who will not be, and un- 
less help comes from big-hearted folks in other lands, 
many, many— a countless number — will not be in 
these homes to hear the call of the song-bird when 
he twitters for them in the spring, at the grounds 
where they used to play. 

Need one wonder that our return to Ping Ting was 
made very largely in silence — thoughtful, sober-faced, 
and with sorrowful hearts? 

The winter is just coming on as these lines are 
written, and the famine grows more acute. To get 
some idea of the gravity of the situation we only need 
to mention Ping Ting County, to say nothing of the 
vast stretches of the country that are similarly situated. 
Our mission has canvassed the situation and feels that 
if the church at home responds to its appeal for $25,000 
it can take care of possibly ten or eleven villages. 
These are only a very few of the many needy ones in 
the county. Our missionaries feel that it would be 
unwise to undertake a larger number, for it will "be 
better to care for a few, until the harvest comes, next 
June, than to take on many now and be out of funds 
when the real pinch comes, in February, March and 
April. Why undertake the many for a few months and 
then let them starve, when a few can be brought 
safely through? Even when the heart-strings are 
stretched until they are grievously sore, the hard facts 
of the hard situation must be dealt with in the most 
practical manner. 

Yes, there are other agencies at work in China to 
assist in relieving the suffering, besides the activities 
of the missionaries. The Buddhists have raised a 
large famine fund, the Chinese themselves are also 
giving; the government has levied a special tax to 
raise funds and is working in various ways. But real 
giving on a large scale comes only after the hearts of 
folks are influenced by the Spirit of Jesus Christ. 
Selfishness, also, has a strong hold upon the Chinese 
heart, and the desire for " squeeze " does not disap- 
pear because multitudes of their fellow-countrymen 
are starving to death. Indeed, one of the reasons why 
the Chinese do not give more is because of the fear and 
distrust that the people have for their officials. They 

Up the street they went, for 
the food was gone. They cried 
as though their hearts would 

Here is a pitiful sight indeed 
— a mother and child, whose 
names were not on the food 

have learned too well that money often sticks to an 
official's fingers. Can it be wondered at, then, that 
those who are sincerely pushing famine relief are 
insisting that missionaries must be upon the important 
financial committees? 

I have spoken these words in behalf of a helpless, 
hungry, starving people. I am writing in their name. 
They who are starving thank you for what you are 
enabling our missionaries to do. They likewise are 
telling you that the small sum of $2 will keep a man 
from starving, or succor a hungry child, from the time 
you read this until harvests come. Could you double 
your subscription for a starving multitude? 

I must close, but it is with the consciousness that 
my description only meagerly describes the real situa- 
tion. It simply can not be pictured in words. 

The Sufficiency of Christ for the New Day 


An Address Delivered Sept. 7, 1920, at Ihe World's Sunday School 
Convention, Tokyo, Japan 

Text, John 14:6, "I am the true way of life." 

What are the needs of the new day? Is Christ 
sufficient for these needs? 

The accidents of life constantly change, but the 
fundamental instincts of man, and the abiding needs 
of man, are the same. The perennial problem of the 
race is " How to Live." Socrates brought a new way 
of thinking into the world, Christ a new way of living. 
Jesus taught men how to live. He came into the world 
that men might have the abundant life. He showed 
the dignity and value of life, and revealed new riches 
in life which had never before been known. He lived 
the perfect life " full of grace and truth." He digni- 
fied personality, and made the soul of man the end 
of creation. He showed both the possibilities of life, 
and how to achieve the abundant life. He dignified 
man as a Son of God, and inspired men to become 
sons of God. He revealed life at its best, and taught 
men how to live. He said: " I am the true way of 
life," and he bade men follow him. He showed men 
the infinite value of a soul. He created in them the 
desire for the divine life, and he gave men power for 
divine sonship. 

Jesus taught men how to live, first, by giving them 
an adequate goal ; and second, by showing them how 
to reach the goal. The goal of life is the Kingdom of 
God, the reign of God in the soul of man, the will of 
God in the lives of men. The goal of life is individual 
and social harmony with God ; to be in tune with the 

Infinite; to live in accordance with the laws of sur- 
vival, the laws of the universe. The goal is the self- 
realization of the individual and society, so that life 
as a whole, intellectual, moral, social, spiritual, aesthet- 
ic, will have its largest expansion and fullest fruition 
in character and happiness. The first law of life is 
growth. Life can not grow and mature except in 
harmony with nature and nature's God. There is a 
best way of living — that best way is God's way. His 
way was revealed in Christ ; and Christ is the true way 
of life. 

The true way of life is in harmony with reality. 
Man is related to nature, to man, and to God. The 
true way of life is to live as a sovereign over nature, 
a brother to man, and a child of God. The truth alone 
can make us free. The new day will be darkness and 
not light, unless men follow the true way of life. The 
problem of the hour is to give men a vision of the 
truth, lo change their spirit, so that they will desire 
the higher ideals of life, and to give them a dynamic 
to achieve the new ideals. 

I. Man should be sovereign over nature. God said 
that man should have dominion over the earth. Man 
is to be the master of things, and of his body. There 
are only two things in the world — personality and 
machinery. We should enthrone the soul, and make 
all things else the servant of the soul. The body should 
be made the willing tool of the mind. The develop- 
ment and enrichment of personality should be first, 
and all else has value only as means to this end. 
Wealth, machinery, industry, and the institutions are 
for man, and not man for them. The new day must 
have self-control. Personality and its claims — the 
claims of the Kingdom of God — are supreme. With 
the increase of wealth and inventions, the comforts 
and luxuries of life have multiplied, so that peoples 
and nations have become slaves to things and to their 
bodily passions. Too often do politicians, and even 
educators, boast of our wealth, our comforts, and our 
luxuries — not being aware that the spirit of prophecy 
has faded, and that the men of vision have vanished. 
" Where there is no vision, the people perish." 

The strength of a nation does not depend upon its 
armies, or upon its wealth, but upon the physical, 
moral and spiritual health of its people. Multitudes 
are slaves to greed and gold, or to the passions and 
appetites of the body. There can be no permanent 
civilization based on materialism. The world lacks 
self-control. Our first need is balance. We must 
put first things first, and other things in their proper 
place. The true way of life is sovereignty over nature, 
the mastery of things, and the body; the enthrone- 
ment of personality as the chief end of life. 

Jesus lived the life of self-control, of absolute 
purity, and of sublime sovereignty over all the r»eans 
of life. He never confounded the end and the means. 
He put first things first— the Kingdom of God and his 
, righteousness. He spurned the frivolities and emolu- 
ments of this life, choosing instead the priceless pearls 
of character. He demonstrated the beauty and value 
of life that is eternal, against the temporal things that 
perish, He revealed the eternal truth that life at its 
best can not be achieved unless personality is sovereign 
over nature. 

The New Day needs a new idealism, a revelation of 
the true value and meaning of life. Man can not be 
free, and yet be in bondage to things. The claims of 
the soul must be heard, the hunger of the soul must be 
satisfied. " Man lives not by bread alone." The 
teachings of Jesus, on the sovereign place for the soul, 
are fundamental for the New Day. 

II. Jesus taught men how to live in relation to their 
fellow-men. The true relation of man to man is 
brother. God is our Father, and we are brethren. 
Jesus summed up the whole law in love to God and to 
man. He taught that we should love our neighbor as 
ourselves. We are not asked to love our neighbor as 
we love our parents, our children, our wives and hus- 
bands. We are to love our neighbor as we love our- 
selves. How does a man love himself? When a man 
loves himself, he protects his life, his health, his repu- 
tation, his property, and he promotes his happiness. 
To love our neighbor as we love ourselves, we have 

(Continued on Page 42) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15. 1921 

Just Alive! 


Toward the close of the last century Woods' " Prac- 
tice of Medicine" was considered standard authority. 
One instance of will power is cited by the author, 
which strongly impressed the writer and so we pass 
it along. 

A certain man was suffering with a malady which 
home remedies had- failed to reach. The local prac- 
titioner was called in, and after a careful diagnosis 
of his case, .requested counsel, at the same time ex- 
pressing some doubts as to the final results. The con- 
sulting physician concurred in the statement and ad- 
vised him to consult a specialist. 

The patient believed that he would recover and 
promptly paid and dismissed each " doubting Thomas." 
He suffered greatly, but positively declared that he 
would recover. The physicians all agreed that death 
was inevitable and advised him to "set his house in 

Expert testimony had no greater effect upon him 
than to summon the weakened, scattered minims of 
vitality and to fight the arch-fiend to the last ditch. 
The battle was won and science defeated. 

It must be remembered that Paul's greatest victories 
were won after his cruel treatment and supposed de- 
feat at Derbe and Lystra, when his cruel persecutors 
dragged him out of the city and exultingly left him, 
supposing him to be dead. 

Just alive today and tomorrow able to go back into 
Derbe and Lystra and very soon afterward to resume 
his missionary campaign at Iconium and Antioch. 
Truly the wrath of man is made to praise the Lord! 
It meant far more for Peter and John to be in prison 
for " righteousness' sake " than their absolute free- 

Every lash and every threat meant a thousand con- 
verts to the Christian religion. Like the persecutions 
which arose over the stoning of Stephen, the bread 
was thereby cast upon the water, to be gathered after 
many days. 

During their incarceration in prison, the fires upon 
the home altars never went out, and, better than all, 
a continuous, uninterrupted " cottage prayer meeting," 
as we call them now, was maintained to accomplish 
their release. 

From the days of the apostles, down through the 
centuries, the most effectual prayer meetings ever 
held were those conducted around the hearthstone 
where the smouldering embers bore testimony to the 
fact that the fire burned low, and, as emblems of faded 
flowers and banished hopes, faith still prevailed, as 
prayer was answered in God's own time and way. 

"Just alive" is an appropriate slogan for many a 
midweek gathering that we usually designate the 
" prayer meeting." Sometimes we speak of it as the 
" power house," and so it should be. 

There are two principal tilings that have militated 
against this service: First, our people have not been 
brought up that way, and exercising in public is a 
great task which many are unwilling to undertake. 
Second, formality and incompetent leadership. Now 
find a remedy for these two defects and the pews will 
fill up surprisingly. Permit me to offer a few sugges- 
tions : 

1. Be prompt in opening,and closing. Better a half 
hour of real interest and spiritual uplift than an hour 
or more of " just meetin'." 

2. Xot only announce but boost every service and 
assure the people that both leader and janitor will be 
on the job. 

3. Have a special program occasionally. 

4. Have special objects of prayer, but do not sing 
in minor key. 

5. Practice in Primary and Junior Departments. 
Above all, so live the prayer life and let your light 

shine that your prayers will count for something. By 
this time you are probably thinking about a remedy 
for "lost power" in the Christian Workers' Band. 
How we shrink from facing this premonition — "just 
alive" — every time we attend these meetings! 

Our Five- Year Forward Movement goal has not 
been reached and the year is almost ended. Let us 
get busy! The work is great, and our children are 

not only losing confidence in us but in the church and 
even themselves. 

The Sunday-school and especially the hibernating 
kind, needs to face this nightmare occasionally to 
make a decent showing. There is not a paragraph in 
the Sunday-school Standard that a wide-awake busi- 
ness manager could not attain to. Much more difficult 
problems face the man who is simply making a living 
for his family. 

The best talent of our church was never brought 
into service or even to think as we did until we began 
to " attempt great things for God and expect great 
things from God." We began too late, however, and 
" played on the job " too long. Now, let's get busy ! 
The shadows are lengthening. 

Physically speaking, the text is true and we should 
make a personal application of it day by day. Upon 
one occasion David was made to exclaim, " As the 
Lord Hveth and as my soul liveth, there is only a step 
between me and death." 

Just one breath at a time. Just one heart-beat 
separates the strongest man upon earth from eternity ! 
Most people have planned for more tilings than they 
will ever get done. The curtain will drop only too 
soon upon life's drama. The man referred to in the 
beginning of this article cheated the doctors, the 
funeral director and the death angel for a long time, 
but finally succumbed to a pin-scratch when the time 

The Church of the Brethren has undertaken a 
gigantic task and we can not afford to be spiritual 
" slackers " nor relax our efforts until even more shall 
be accomplished than the most sanguine had hoped for 
or dreamed. 

Peru, Ind. m 

Far-Reaching Significance 


Many years ago a sailor-lad, returning to England 
after a long voyage, brought his mother a fuchsia. It 
was the first of its kind to reach England and the 
woman placed it in her modest window. It soon- 
attracted attention, and that plant was the pioneer of 
all the thousands to be found in the land. 

That sailor-boy did not realize what he was doing. 
He only intended to bring home a present to his dear 
mother, but how many tens of thousands of eyes and 
hearts have been gladdened as a result of his action! 

" The judgment day will be a day of great surprises," 
says an eminent preacher, " if for no other reason 
than this, that we seldom realize the far-reaching 
significance of what we do." If it be true that: " the 
evil men do lives after them," it is even more true of 
the good they accomplish. Kind words, loving and. 
sympathetic deeds, gracious benefactions — these things 
have a self-propagating power and go on reproducing 
themselves in endless harvests. It was a truly great 
thing for that boy to introduce to England that which 
has brought pleasure to untold people. It is an even 
greater thing to sow seeds along life's pathway which 
shall bear fruit for good, as long as time shall last. 

Toronto, Canada. 


To All Ministers of the Church of the Brethren 

The Fess-Capper B.ill (H. R. 12,652) is now in Com- 
mittee and ought— if the good of the cause is to be con- 
served—to be reported out at once. If we can get it 
out of Committee, we are confident of its passage. If, 
therefore, you want the physical welfare of the race en- 
trusted to the schoolmaster rather than the drillmaster, 
please at once: ■ 

(1) See or write your home Congressman, and ask him 
. personally to go to the Committee on Education of 

the House, and other influential leaders, and urge the 
prompt reporting of the bill out of the Committee; 

(2) Ask all your members— men and women alike— to 
do the same and do it at once; and 

(3) You and they will please ask your Congressman to 
advise you of the result of such conference; and then 

(4) You report to me here the result of your efforts. 

In this way you can do a tremendously important serv- 
ice for our country and our church. This Bill is so vital 
to the future welfare of America and to the cause of the 
Lord, that we can well afford ^to work heartily for its 
immediate passage. M. G. Brumbaugh. 

309 Homer Building, Washington, D. C. 

Our Bible Institute will be held this year during the 
week of Feb. 6 to 13. Starting at the same time, we will 
give a course of instruction for Sunday-school workers 
and Vacation Bible School teachers. This work has been 
outlined by the General Sunday School Board and will 
continue one month. A course of one month will be 
given each year, for three years, in Sunday-school teacher- 
training work. There will be a diploma given for the suc- 
cessful completion, of this work. 

This offers a splendid opportunity for church workers 
to get training in the winter, when there is an opportunity 
to get away from home for a month, for some special 
Bible instruction. Every church in Iowa, Minnesota, 
Wisconsin, and Illinois should send representatives to 
Mount Morris for a month's instruction and inspiration. 
Bro. Galen B. Royer, Jr., Director of Religious Edu- 
cation in Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, is one of the 
instructors. He is prepared to give training to all per- 
sons wishing to prepare for teaching in vacation church 

Program of the Institute 
Feb. 6 to 13 
Bro. J. H. Cassady will speak three times each day. 
The following subjects will be treated by him: Visions 
and Dreams, Prayer, Man's Natural Element, Conditions 
of Prevailing Prayer, Hindrances in Prayer, Our Five 
Hungers, Education (Historical), Personality and Power 
of the Holy Spirit, Childish Plea of a Great Man, The 
Unanswered Question, The Supreme Virtue, The Super- 
ficialities of Life, Amusements, First Step into the King- 
dom (Faith), Our Threefold Preparation, The Unpardon- 
able Sins, Second Step into the Kingdom (Repentance),' 
Conscience, Prayer and Physical Healing, Third Step into 
the Kingdom (Baptism), The Keys of the Kingdom of 
Heaven, Selling a Soul, The Second Coming of Christ. 

Four lectures on Rural Church Leadership will be 
given by Professors R. C. Clark and D. F. Adams, of the 
Agricultural Department of the college. 

Bro. S. S. Blough will give two lectures to young min- 
isters. He will also teach a class in Old Testament His- 
tory each day. 

Bro. Galen B. Royer, Jr., Director of Religious Edu- 
cation in Northern Illinois and Wisconsin, will give a 
daily lesson to those preparing to teach in Daily Vacation 
Church Schools. 

Child Psychology will be treated in daily lectures by 
Prof. A. J. Brumbaugh. 

Bro. W. B. Stover will give one lecture each day on the 
subject of India Missions. 

The District Mission Board will have an hour each day 
for the discussion of the problems of District Missions. 
The District Boards of the three Districts of Iowa, 
Southern Illinois-and North Dakota are requested to have 
representatives attending this Conference. This is a 
movement of far-reaching importance to the Home Mis- 
sion Work in the territory mentioned above. 

Program of the Teacher Training Course 
Feb. 7 to March 5' 
Twenty-four recitations on the Church School, con- 
ducted by Bro. Galen B. Royer, Jr. 

Twenty-four recitations on Child Psychology by Prof. 
A. J. Brumbaugh and Ezra Flory, Secretary of the Gen- 
eral Sunday School Board. 

Twenty-four recitations on Missions, conducted by Bro. 
W. B. Stover and Dr. O. G. Brubaker, returned missiona- 
ries from India and China. 

Forty-eight recitations conducted by Bro. S. S. Blough 
and Bro. M. W. Emmert. Bro. Blough will give the first 
Emmert will give the remainder. 

ten lessons; Br 

The joint Sunday-school Convention of the First and 
Southern Districts, Virginia, will be held at Daleville Col- 
lege Jan. 20 and 21. Friday will be special Sunday-school 
Day of the Bible Term. 

Thursday, 7 P. M. Parenthood and Parental Authority. 
—Ezra Flory. Honoring the Holy Spirit in Sunday-school 
and Religious Work.— A. B. Van Ormer. 

Friday, 9:45 A. M. The Folks We Teach.— Ezra 
Flory. In Defense of Early Religious Training. — A. B. 
Van Ormer. Address by H. K. Ober. 1 P. M. The 
Opportunities of Our Field.— Elsie Shickel. The Task of 
Our College in Supplying the Needs of the Field.— C. S. 
Ikenberry. The Age of Spiritual Awakening and the 
Obligation of the Sunday-school. — A. B. Van Ormer. 
Sunday-school Administration.— Ezra Flory. Address by 
H. K. Ober. 7:30 P: M. Lecture on the recent Inter- 
national Sunday-school Convention and the Orient H 

K. Ober. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 


How we ought to quicken our spiritual possibilities ! 
We need to deepen our own convictions of faith and 
take our religious life more seriously! Then we 
should push the evangelistic work in every church and 
mission field. When we remember that the Church of 
the Brethren was among the first to enter the field of 
American opportunity, we feel that we have some- 
where failed in impressing ourselves upon its life as 
we ought. It is not the lack of fundamental truth that 
has accounted "for this, neither has it been any weak- 
ness of this truth for practical demonstration, because 
better character, homes and communities have no- 
where been produced than those, of our own church. 
We have failed to meet the changing conditions with 
an efficient presentation of the truth we hold. Our 
fathers of several generations ago were more efficient 
than we. We have failed to keep " first things first." 
We have sought to produce fruit without (areful culti- 
vation of the soil. In our busy life — " serving tables " 

we trusted rule and decision to accomplish things 

that can only come by careful Christian education. 
We have tried to get results without an intelligent out- 
reach for them. We have tried to " transform " folks 
without " renewing the mind," as the Bible directs. 

These conditions have grown out of unfortunate in- 
fluences that have always threatened the vital life of 
religion— even in the days of Jesus. It seems so easy 
to mistake the shell for the kernel. The Jews had a 
commendable zeal, but it was without knowledge. 
They were not seeking light, but rather avoiding it. 
To them truth was heresy and light was darkness. 
Their opinions and traditions were the determining 
factor in truth, rather than God's will. It is so easy 
for any of us to err in this way. The Person of our 
worship is forgotten in the manner of doing it ! The 
path of approach becomes more vital than the place 
of arrival! When this occurs, great confusion must 
result, and progress is hindered. 

Now this does not mean that method and manner 
are not important. We must, however, get them in 
right relations. Because we have gotten the cart he- 
fore the horse, at times, some have concluded that the 
cart is a nuisance — and it is— in that relation. But we 
need the cart, and our impression is that this old world 
would respect our religion more, if we had more carts. 
More demonstration of our faith! More obedience 
to the truth ! Lives more conformed to the Divine 
Pattern and less — much less-«given to human passion ! 
More concern for life and character and less for cash ! 
More peculiar— in love, helpfulness, faith, service and 
godliness of life ! More faithful witnesses for Christ 
to others ! 

We believe most fully that these things can be im- 
proved. We must take our religion more seriously. 
We have need of prayerfully remembering the yearn- 
ing heart of God for us and all for whom Christ died ! 
We need a new persuasion that this work will never 
be done except through the instrumentality of men. 
With these convictions, well-established by Christian 
faith and training, we shall find the way. Better or- 
ganization, more helpful teaching by consecrated lives 
here and there, will be multiplied by the grace of God 
to the progress of the Kingdom! 

strengthening of the forces and interests already 


This budget is mostly for missions, as will be seen 

by the following divisions of it: 

General Mission Board: 

World-Wide Fund $320,000 

Home Fund 50.000 

Ministerial Relief 25,000 

Student Loan Fund / 5,000 

The Budget for 1921 

In an effort to reduce the budget of all the Boards 
and committees of the church to the lowest possible 
minimum, without crippling the various activities for 
which they are responsible, the Executive Committee 
has finally agreed upon the sum of $525,000 as the 
budget for 1921. This, of course, is much less than 
was asked by some of the boards for their needs, and 
we well know they could use much more to splendid 
advantage, in many cases. But we want to remember 
also, that things physical have their limitation, and in 
these days of adjustment it would seem unwise to make 
any attempts at new work, beyond the necessary 

Total $-100,000 

General Educational Board, 

General Sunday School Board 

Christian Workers' Board 

Temperance and Purity Committee, 

Child Rescue Committee 

Dress Reform Committee, 

Music Committee, 

Tract Committee 

American Bible Society, 


The Executive Committee has decided that the 
budget for such general work as that for which this is 
intended, should be given out per capita to the whole 
church. This means, since our reported membership 
to the Forward Movement is about 94,000, a per 
capita gift of about $6 for the year. This is a gift 
which almost any man or woman might give by some . 
effort. Many children would do it, too, if they were 
given an opportunijy. It will require a little system 
and some effort, but a proper appreciation of the Lord 
and the church ought to produce both. 

The budget is calculated to help us in several thing?, 
if we permit it to do so. It will balance our church 
activities — keep them in proper proportion to each 
other for the best results. It will also protect the 
local church. The local churches are too much ex- 
ploited. They are called on to contribute to every 
good cause. In these they ought to help. But too 
often they are asked to support so many causes that, 
upon investigation, could not be considered vital. Any 
need outside of the regular budget, apart from local 
needs and the well-recognized institutions of the 
church, should be closely investigated before contribu- 
tions are made. Of course, there are emergency calls, 
like the ones at the present time, to which we want to 
give, but in these we should be careful to send through 
proper channels, for sometimes these causes are used 
as a pretext to get money for selfish purposes. The 
budget also helps the steward of the Lord's goods to 
know just what is absolutely necessary to keep things 
going, so that he can arrange to give special lifts, to 
causes, either within the budget or without, as the 
Lord may give to him. It also lets everybody know 
in what manner and proportion his money is being 
used in the church. 

The budget for 1921 will be explained from' time to 
time, here and elsewhere. It is given for your general 
information at this time. We are sure that every 
effort was made to reduce it to the minimum. It is 
based, too, upon the presumption that the 1920 pledges 
will be met in a reasonable way. This budget would 
not provide for a deficit from 1920. We are trusting 
that elders, pastors, treasurers and directors arc giving 
attention to this. Some may need patience and forgive- 
ness, but the most of us need encouragement and a 
reminder. May we not fail to maintain the good name 
of our cause! 


Chico Sunday-school had an interesting program on Christmas Eve. 
After the program Bro. D. C. Click gave a very touching talk on 
the starving condition o( the Chinese people. An offering ol $-"'■ 
was taken.— Mrs. Liltie G. Ycaront, Chico, Calif.. Dec. 31. 

Figarden church convened in business session Dec. 14, with Bro. 
J. C. Croft as moderator. One letter was received. We elected a 
MinisUrial Board, composed of three members; also a permanent 
auditing committee. Bro. Groff resigned the eldership, and Bro 
A. O. Brnbaker. of Raisin City, was elected for one year. Our Sun- 
day-school gave a Christmas program. At the close an offering of 
$39.31 was taken for famine-stricken China. The Junior Christian 
Workers' Band added $6.19 of their Sunday evening offerings, making 
a total of $15.43. The Ladies' Aid Society had previously sent in 
512.85; S6.75, the amount of a special offering, was also added. Dec. 26 
we were favored with two excellent sermons, given by Bro. Orn 
Weddle, a sludcnt minister of f.a Verne College.— Mrs. F. E. Wciincrl, 
Fresno. Calif.. Dec. 29. 

Fruitvalc.— We have only a few members lelt in this congregation 
and would like very much to have members who are-sccking homes 
in the West to locate among us. This is a healthful and mild 
climate. We can raise all kinds of fruits and vegetables. We have 
a cburchhouse. Any one wishing to know more about the country 
may write to the undersigned. There are several (arms for sale.— 
Mrs. Alice Myers, Bangor, Calif.. Dec. 27. 

Glcndora church met in council Dec. 17. The following officers were 
elected; Clerk, Bro. Roy Brubakcr; correspondent, Sister Lulu Miller 
Recently we had an inspiring talk by Sister Emma Horning, on her 
work io China. An offering of $220 has been given for the suffering 
ones in China. Five letters have been received since our last report 
An excellent Christmas program was rendered by the children and 
young people of the Sunday-school on Christmas Eve.— Mrs. Sylvia 
L. Nctzley, Glendora, Calif., Dec. 27. 

Laton church enjoyed the privilege of bearing Bro. John Coffman 
Dec. 19 and 26. Bro. Coffman is one of our hotne-boys who is prepar- 
ing to take up missionary work in Africa. Christmas Eve the mem- 
bers and friends of this church surprised our elder and wife. Brother 
and Sister D. R. llolsingcr. with a Ford- car. They also gave a 
pound parly for them. Bro. Holsinncr and wife have faithfully worked 
in this congregation for eighteen years.— Mrs. Bessie Ackley, t.atnn, 
Calif.. Dec. 27. 

Live Oak.— An error was made in tlte last report. We should have 
stated that Bro. Albert Crites is president of the adult Christian 
Workers' Society. The children's division ot our Society has been 
divided into two departments, with BrO. ,1. O. llartman, president o( 
the primary, and Sister Sarah Davis, president of the intermediates. 
Bro. Isaac Hylton, of Empire, preached tor us on Dec. 26. An instal- 
lation service was held on Sunday evening for the Suodny-school 
officers and teachers for the coming year. Our Sunday-school par. 
ticipated in a community Christmas program Dec. 23.— Grace H. Davis. 
Live Oak. Calif., Dec. 28. 

Santa Ana church met in council Dec. 27, with Eld. S. G. Lchmcr 
presiding. We held an election for church officers for one year as 
follows; Elder. Bro. S. C. Lchmcr; church correspondent, the writer; 
Sunday-school superintendent, Fraulz Lehmer; Christian Workers' 
president. Harry Fink. Two letters of membership were received. A 
committee was appointed to secure an evangelist for next fall, or 
sooner, if it can be so arranged. We took a collection of sin ,.., 
Christmas Day for the European children. Dec. 26 we had a very nice 
Christmas program. Our congregations arc growing larger all Un- 
tune. We need more rooms for the Sunday-school classes. We are 
hoping to have a new and commodious church before next Christmas. 
We have enjoyed a very successful Sunday-school during the past 
six months. We had" a meeting on Thanksgiving Day and held a 
special collection for a good cause.— Mrs. John Pugh. Santa Ana. 
Calif.. Dec. 29. 


Rocky Ford— Christmas Eve we enjoyed a splendid progrs 
the Sunday-school. The White Gill 

" ' g was $971, $669 for Chinese sufferers and JJ02 for An 

a-,.. : — .._:■> ..1-.. I.., I . ..ifts .,1 friiil vee,' 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country 


Glendale church met in council Dec. 17. with Bro C. E. Gil let I .pre- 
siding. The following church officers were elected: Bra Thomas. 
elder- Frank Kurt* clerk; Emma Piatt. " Messenger agent and 
correspondent, Bro. O. E. Gillett. Sunday-school superintendent; 
Sister Rachel Young, Christian Workers' president; Sister Emma 
Sine, Junior superintendent. Six have recently been added to the 
church by letter. Eld. John Price and family, formerly of Batav.a. 
Iowa, have moved to Yuma. Ariz., but will rcta.n thcirmemb.rsl.ip 
at this place. Our Sunday-school rendered a- interesting program 
on Christmas Provisions and cash were donated to assist the un- 
fortunate. The children also received a little Christmas ircat.-Mrs. 
W. M. Piatt, Glendale, Ariz,, Dec. 28. 

was used. The cash 

Relief." The primary pupils also brought -gifts of fruit, vegetables, 
elc, for the poor of our own city. We are now having a short song 
practice, following our Wednesday evening pray.-r meeting, in charge 
of Bro. Ed. Heiny— Blanche FranU. Rocky Ford, Colo,, Dec. 31. 

Storling.-At the close of the morning services, Dec. 19. two of our 
Sunday-school scholars were baptized. We are thankful that God 
has spared our elder, I. B. Moore, who has been very sick. Special 
pray r and anointing services were held for him. Dec. 24 a committee 
distributed a number of well-filled baskets to some of the needy of 
our city. It has opened the door of many homes to us,— Mrs, Chas. 
Ullcry, Sterling, Colo.. Dec. 29. 


Emmctt.-Bro. J. E. Steinour, o»r SlaU- Evangelist, came to us 
Dec. 17 and took a survey of conditions prevailing here. As a result, 
he invited Brethren J. E. Shamhcrger and Herschel Shank, elder and 
pastor of the Payette Valley church, of Fruitland, Idaho, to meet with 
the brethren and sisters of Emnu-tl, in the east end of the Payette 
Valley congregation, for the purpose of starting some church work 
here. It was the sentiment of all to do their best to help hy having 
preaching and Sunday-school, for the present, at the home of W. H. 
Sisler, until further arrangements could la- made. Bro. D. J. Wamplcr 
Will do the preaching for us. Also a committee of three was appoint- 
ed to investigate conditions in regard to purchasing a lot in the city 
of Emmett for a church location and other preliminary work. Also 
we elected officers for our Sunday-school, with J. H. Roesch, super- 
intendent. We wish to invite any one wishing to change location 
to investigate conditions at Emmett and we will gladly give any as- 
sistance.— W. H. Sisler, Emmett. Idaho, Dec. 30. 

Twin Falls church met in council Dec. 10, with Eld. Fahrney pre- 
siding Church and Christian Workers' officers were elected for 
the coming year as follows: C. Fahrney, elder; F. M. Heistand. 
clerk- J W. Norris, "Messenger" solicitor; the writer, correspond- 
ent; Sister Pearl Berry, Christian Workers' president. Our pastor, 
Charles W. Ronk. will continue his services with us the coming 
year and we are looking forward to a. very prosperous year. Dec. 22 
a Christmas cantata. "The Coming of the King," was rendered to a 
large and appreciative audience. A surprise was planned on our 
pastor and family, and Dec. 28 about seventy-five members and 
friends gathered at their homo. A very enjoyable evening was 
spent. Following the prayer- meeting services, Dec. 29, one was 
received into the church by haptism.-Olive Heistand, Twin Falls. 
Idaho, Dec. 30. 


Batavta church met Jan. 3 in council, with Eld. Ezra Flory pre- 
siding All reports were read and accepted, and the committees 
for the different phases of our work were chosen. The church has 
been alive to the call of missions and of the poor. We sent $91.49 
to the Chinese sufferers. $30 to the starving children in the Far East 
and $4.38 to the old people in the Home at Mt. Morris. On the 
Thursday night before Christmas we invited our good pastor and 
family to the church, where we had planned a surprise, also Christ- 
mas donation for them. consisiii> R of vegetables, groceries and a neat 
little sum of money. On Christinas Eve the Sunday-school rendered 
a cantata, which was very good. Jan. 2 Bro. Omer Maphis. of 
Chicago, held a consecration service for the officers and teachers 
of the Sunday-school. In the evening he gave us a fine sermon. 
which was enjoyed by all. Our superintendent of Sunday-school is 
BrO. C. H. Keizer and, with a splendid corps of officers and teach- 
ers, we are anticipating a good school.— Bcrnicc Ashmore, Batavia, 
HI..' Jan. 3. 

Hickory Grove.-Our church held its Christmas exercises Dtc. 24 
with a splendid program and good attendance. Our - revival meetings 
will begin Jan. 16. with Bro. Saylor G. Greyer, of Indianapolis, Ind., 
as evangelist. We are holding prayer meetings in preparation, and 
look forward to good mcetiiigs.-Mary E. Wagner, Mt. Carroll, 111., 

'Hurricane Creek church met in council Dec. 18. We selected Bro. 

Urias Blough elder for the next year. Sister Blough was chosen 

(Continued on Page +1) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


Our Progress in Purity 


Some years ago I stated in the Messenger that the 
Church of the Brethren, so far as " Social Purity " is 
concerned, was a sleeping giant. Now I wish to say 
that the giant is beginning to rub his eyes and stretch. 
We are beginning to awake to our possibilities, and 
what possibilities they are! We should like to see our 
beloved church one of the leading purity organiza- 
tions in the world, and there is every reason why she 
should become such. We have several notable ad- 
vantages. We are the oldest temperance organization 
in the United States. We have not indulged in in- 
decent, demoralizing fashions of dress. We have 
stood against divorce. We have protested against 
tobacco, but not strongly enough. The use of that 
weed should be an unqualified test of official position. 
While it is not made a test of membership, official 
position is quite another matter. Lastly our people 
respond well to purity instruction. Why do such men 
as Capt. Wiard and Prof. Shannon lecture so often 
in our churches? There's a reason. 

But lest we pat ourselves on the back too hard, let 
us look at some of the things we need. We need more 
parents who will sit down with their children and tell 
them the story of life. We need to be more concerned 
about the demoralizing influences in our neighbor- 
hood and should get together and stop them. We need 
more wholesome entertainment for our young people, 
to develop their social natures without suggestion of 
evil. We need a temperance and purity superintend- 
ent in each congregation, to be the leader in these 
activities. We need more prayers and money for the 
General Temperance and Purity Committee. Let us 
wake up sit up. get up, fire up and go ! 
Muncie, hxd. 

is better to please God than men. If the "offense of 
the cross " offends others, surely it is not our fault or 
our offense. 

The Cross of Christ is an offense because it is the 
power of God unto salvation. It makes this claim 
without an alternative. It shows man's sinful state, 
and demands from every man, as his first duty, to get 
right with God. From its sacrifice there comes the 
stern word that nothing else in life is to be put be- 
fore this getting right with God. and that this recon- 
ciliation is to be attained only through the preaching 
of the Gospel. Let us at all costs declare the whole 
counsel of God! 
Minot, N. Dak. 

Proper Propagandism 


It would not be superfluous to say that every faith- 
ful member of the Church of the Brethren is anxious 
that others become members of our church. Havin» 
believed the truth, we naturally desire to share its 
glories with our fellow-men. This being true, the only 
question is that which deals with the best way of 
propagating our principles. Concerning this matter, 
two opinions have long prevailed. These opinions, if 
not opposite, are widely divergent and, to say the 
least, not easily reconciled. 

With one of these schools of thought, or rather 
practice, the idea seems to prevail that personal and 
church popularity constitutes the most effective means 
of propaganda. There can be no doubt that the advo- 
cates of this theory are both honest and earnest in 
their contention. Through personal popularity they 
hope to popularize the Gospel. Naturally, such min- 
isters would be slow to preach any doctrine that would 
be calculated to displease, either the unregenerate or 
the members of other denominations. That not a few 
have been won to our churches by this method does 
not admit of doubt: the question is, Does the end 
justify the means? We believe not. 

The contrary or other school holds that it is a God- 
given duty to preach distinctive doctrines, regardless 
of what others may think. The members of this 
school esteem their principles as a sacred trust and 
that it is " woe unto them " unless they preach them. 
They are not so much concerned with the methods of 
preaching these doctrines as the fact that they be 
preached. That some, thus minded, have at times been 
acrimonious in preaching these doctrines, will not be 
denied. It should go without saying that a good cause 
never demands a bad spirit. 

For our part, we believe that the time is at hand 
when the whole Gospel must be preached to the whole 
world in a whole-hearted, brotherly way, without fear 
and without favor, with love to all and malice to none. 
As much as in us lies, let us strive to live at peace 
with all men. remembering, at the same time, that it 

" Look Up " 


Jesus says (Luke 21 : 28) : " When these things 
begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your 
heads ; for your redemption draweth nigh." 

" These things " — signs in sun, moon and stars, dis- 
tress and perplexity of nations, men's hearts failing 
for fear, and the shaking of the powers of heaven, 
etc.— are to cause us to look up, and to lift up our 
heads, not to be downcast, disheartened, and full of 
fear, for our redemption draweth nigh. 

" So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to 
pass, know ye that the Kingdom of God is nigh at 
hand " (Luke 21 : 31). " There shall not an hair of 
your head perish" (Luke 21: 18). Let conditions 
be as terrible as they will, we can look up and rejoice, 
for the glorious day of redemption draweth nigh. Let 
fanaticism, anarchism, Bolshevism and all other 
" Satanicisms " be turned loose until all earth seems a 
hell, yet we can look up and rejoice, for that moment 
is at hand when we shall be changed in a moment, in 
the twinkling of an eye, from the bondage of corrup- 
tion into the glorious liberty of the children of God, 
Beloved, " let not your hearts be troubled," for our 
Beloved said: "I will come again and receive you 
unto myself." " So shall we ever be with the Lord. 
Wherefore comfort one another with these words" 
as the sky is blackening, and the thunders (of evil) 
are roaring louder and louder. Look up, for your 
redemption draweth nigh, if you love his appearing. 
Nay, let us not be hanging our heads in despair— let 
that be done by the world— but let us be up and doing, 
" for ye know not when the Master of the house 
cometh, . . . lest coming suddenly he find you 
sleeping. And what I say unto you I say unto all. 
Watch." " Look up," not down ! Look forward, not 
backward ! The Golden Age is just ahead. Don't let 
the distress of the nations distress or trouble you, be- 
loved ; it is a cause for rejoicing, for " your redemp- 
tion draweth nigh." "Even scv come, Lord Jesus! 
The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

■ m > 

Making America Really Great 


We, perhaps, do not appreciate the fact that we are 
living in the greatest land, with the greatest possibili- 
ties, and the greatest flag of any nation. God has 
richly blessed us, and while others are starving, our 
facilities for living have increased until the story reads 
like a fairy tale. Our crops have been bountiful, our 
business has prospered, and our children are 'being 

We remember the thrilling story of Columbus, and 
his discovery of America. We love to read of the 
settlement of the Pilgrim Fathers. But in the great 
rush of the business activities, and amid the throngs 
of pleasure-seekers, I pray that we shall never forget 
the Hero of heroes, who is the King of kings, to whom 
all power was given both in heaven and in earth. We 
remember how we became an independent nation. 
We remember Washington and Lincoln, and we re- 
member that, out of the muck and mire, brave men 
lifted the soiled emblem of our nation's glory, purged 
it of its stain, in the crimson fountain of their own 
blood, and gave it back unrent to a united people. 
American boys entered the great World War. hating 

war— its filth, its labor, its exile, its beastliness and 
bloodshed— but they were willing to die, if need be, 
for the principles which have been dear to the Amer- 
ican people. And while we honor those who have 
laid the foundation for the land we love, may we re- 
member that we can best honor them by honoring him, 
who came to bring peace on earth and good will among 

May we not forget that the philosophy that denies 
the reality of the spirit and power of God, Is under- 
mining all hope of progress in the moral, social and 
spiritual activities of life! May we consecrate our- 
selves to the upbuilding of the world, that we may have 
a Christian civilization founded upon the principles 
of Jesus Christ, which is far greater and of unlimited 
power in eliminating trouble between capital and labor, 
and will do more to bring about peace between nations,' 
than any platform given us by a political party. 

It requires more than governors, legislative assem- 
blies and constitutions to make a commonwealth. It 
requires men of courage and convictions of righteous- 
ness, fired with enthusiasm, to put into effect the 
teachings of him who would have all men live together 
as brothers. 

Our problems did not all end with the closing of the 
war. We have let many of the worst and most danger- 
ous elements of foreign nations flood this country at 
the rate of a million a year— a large majority of 
whom never learn our language. They are found in 
colonies, clinging to their old habits and ways, with 
ideas and ideals foreign to that of the Pilgrim Fathers, 
who laid the foundation for our glorious ideals. 

We have over a thousand foreign newspapers in 
this country, many of which are advocating ideas not 
in harmony with American ideals. We have the best 
government, ever organized among men, and while it 
is not perfect, it is better than any that the Bolshevist 
or Anarchist party can give. The dream of a King- 
dom of righteousness will continue to be a dream un- 
less there is some one to do- more than dream. May 
we pray that the flag we love so dearly, shall ever 
stand for justice and righteousness, in the name of 
him who said: "Whatsoever ye would that men 
should do to you, do ye even so to them." 
Ottumwa, Iowa. 

" To Whom Does He Belong? " 


Two gentlemen were walking along the street. A 
dog followed a few feet behind them. As long as 
they continued to walk together, it was difficult to 
determine to which gentleman the dog might belong. 
But when, presently, they arrived at a corner, and one 
man turned to leave the ^other, the dog followed him, 
thus proving who was the owner. 

In the Christian life, the Word tells us, it is im- 
possible to serve God and mammon or to follow Christ 
and Satan. There are times, too, when it is necessary 
to choose, and choose quickly, what course we shall 
follow, especially at the " parting of the ways." " Not 
all is gold that glitters," says the old proverb ; and not 
all that appears " good " is of God. It requires more 
than our mere human intelligence to discern what is 
of God and what is of the evil one. More and more 
does it become necessary, as the days pass by, for 
Christians to ask of God that " wisdom " which he so 
freely gives to those who see their need of it and will 
ask without doubting (James 1: 5-7). 

Harrisburg, Pa. 

Are You a Prize Package? 


In almost every grocery-store one can find a large 
pile of interesting-looking boxes of crackerjack— each 
one printed plainly on the side that it contains a prize 
of some sort, usually a paper toy, or a whistle that 
does not whistle. How eager a child is to buy one and 
to discover what his prize is ! At least his curiosity is 
satisfied, and he feels better when he has his popcorn 
and prize. 

Mr. Marks once had a boy working for him in his 
office, who was a living prize package. Part of the 
time he would do his work well. Then, all unexpected, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


he would do everything wrong, or leave it half done, 
and he nearly cost his employer dear. Always, how- 
ever, after one of his failures, he would bring some 
" prize " to make up for it. Once iie brought a nice 
mess of vegetables from the garden and again a dozen 
cookies that his mother had just baked, and so, for 
that time, Mr. Marks could not discharge him. In 
the end, however, he had to go and a good, dependable 
boy was put in his place. 

As Christians, how many of us are " prize pack- 
ages"? Sad, too, it is that we only fool ourselves. 
When there is a big job of work to be done, often we 
just lie down on the job and stay home. Then along 
comes something we enjoy doing. We gladly do that 
and more — something that, perhaps, another member 
could have done as well or better. How we do study 
and plan to please our own selfish natures and then 
think we can put God and his work off with a " prize 
package"! "Be not deceived, God is not mocked, 
for whatsoever a man soweth that shall he also reap." 
How careful we should be to do well the small task 
he has given us ! If we do not always try to do our 
best, we shall, in the end, fail. Truly, God will .not 
be bribed with a few silly prize packages. There is a 
lesson for each of us in the little ten cent prize pack- 
age. Let us learn it well ! 
Aline, Okla.- 


When Friends Are Lying Cold and Lifeless 

When friends are lying cold and lifeless on the bier, 
How agonized we shed the falling tearl 
And into deaf, unheeding ears we pour 
The loving words, we never gave before. 
How thoughtfully we place the blossom rare 
Upon the breast, to fade and Waste its fragrance there, 
Then we remember all the kind, unselfish ways — 
The little things we now forget to praise — 
For we. are willing then and anxious to exalt 
The virtue, and forget the minor fault. 

The silence that our listening ears does greet 
Where once had been the echoing tread of feet 
Now marks the depths of bitterness and woe 
For it's been given us at last to know 
The sweetest music we could e'er conceive, 
Had been their footsteps coming home at eve. 
When friends are lying cold and lifeless, 'tis too late 
To give them flowers and loving words. Why wait? 
The warm blood's pulsing through their veins 
And time enough there yet remains 
To tell them what lies hidden in the heart- 
Then, should it be our lot that they depart 
Our tears may softly fall upon the upturned face 
And we can- smile beside their resting place, 
For half the agonizing tears we shower o'er the dead, 
Are for the flowers we've left ungiven 
And loving words unsaid. 
La Verne, Calif. 

A Task for American Energy 

When I was a boy in a little country town, some 
enterprising Spanish gentlemen contrived the destruc- 
tion of the battleship " Maine "—and, as Mrs. Murphy 
would say; "the fight was on." 

Troops were rushed to southern camps, and before 
long it was a tossup which subject caused the most 
public concern— Spain, or the red and yellow flag, 
or a much deadlier enemy at home, a fever that flaunted 
the yellow flag. 

Ofour local militia. Company E, one man was 
wounded in battle, but one-third of the company fell- literature, 
before the onslaught of the yellow fever plague. 
Tampa was the camp, and I fancy there are many to- 
day who hold the name synonymous with the yellow 

I mention this now because two rather notable vic- 
tories grew out of the unpleasantness of 1898. The 
first victory was obvious and rapid. The second came 
slowly but no less certainly— the almost total wiping 
out of yellow fever. It had to be done. The lone 
heroism of Walter Reed and his tragic sacrifice, 

a once terrifying plague. And ^it may truthfully be 
said that it was an American job from start to finish. 
AH this is by way of showing that the impossible 
can be accomplished — and that it has once more been 
attempted in the field of public health work. 

This time the job is bigger and harder. The handi- 
caps are named Ignorance. False Modesty, Prudish- 
uess and Nasty Niccness— a fine quartette! The dis- 
eases to he conquered are called the venereal diseases, 
and the rank and file will tell you that it can't he done. 
But they are forgetting that the Federal Government 
and every State board of health is organized under a 
plan, known as the "American Plan " for comhatmg 
venereal diseases — organized to win. 

Many other agencies are closely affiliated with the 
governmental authorities. The Red Cross, the Amer- 
ican Social Hygiene Association, State hygiene socie- 
ties and local boards of health arc lending wonderful 
reinforcement. But-before a final victory is gained 
three things must be done. The public must he edu- 
cated to a clear understanding of the infections; it 
must learn to know the insidious and far-reaching 
nature of their attack; it must grasp the absolute 
necessity of modern scientific treatment in their cure. 
Second, adequate treatment facilities must be provided 
and put within the reach of every infected person. 
Last, and here is the vital point of the whole program, 
prevention must be played tn the limit. 

It will not — can not— be done in a day. Far more 
dangerous than a disease-carrying mosquito, the 
prostitute is nevertheless human, is entitled to life, 
liberty and happiness — but she must not be permitted 
to endanger the life and happiness of others. And 
that can be prevented with entire justice. By far the 
great majority of these women are exploited by third 

Let me sketch, briefly, the four great phases of work 
comprising the " American Plan." 

Law enforcement will aim at the repression of 
commercialized vice, at the enactment and enforce- 
ment of new legislation wherever needed, at the ad- 
ministration of health regulations regarding the con- 
duct and treatment of infected persons and the pro- 
tection of the non-fnfected. 

Medical measures will encourage research into 
newer and still better methods of treatment, and lead 
perhaps to the discovery of better remedial and cura- 
tive agents. A highly important task is to put the 
quack out of business. The " medical museum" and 
the wax horrors have no place in America's clean-up 

I know a place down in one of the southern coal 
States where people were paying fifty dollars a treat- 
ment for arsphenamine ("606"). The United States 
Public Health Service and the State health officials 
interested the coal operators in the matter, and a clinic 
was financed. Today they are giving the best modem 
treatment for fifty cents. 

Education is a big order. Every man and woman 
in the country is expected to learn the facts about the 
venereal diseases — how they are acquired ; why they 
are so dangerous even to generations unborn; why 
early diagnosis and treatment is essential to complete 
cure — these and many other facts must be the common 
knowledge of the public. Further, parents arc expect- 
ed to learn how to instruct their growing children, so 
that they may avoid the dangers awaiting the unin- 
formed. The machinery for educating the public con- 
sists of motion pictures, magazine and newspaper 
publicity, out-of-door poster publicity, talks, lectures, 
That sounds rather effective— and it is. 
Thousands of people arc asking for informati< n. One 
agency, in four months, has received requests from 
more than ten thousand parents for educational help 
in training their boys and girls. 

Most people do not see just why recreation is 
featured as one* of the four great divisions of the 
American Plan. For too many years we have over- 
looked a wonderful bet in public health by disregard- 
ing the play needs of the public. When municipalities 
awake fullv to the situation, the public will present a 

the interest of science and humanity, the indoriiitable 
purpose of the late General William C. Gorgas and a 
score of others, have practically freed the world from 

clflTealthier, happier front than ever before. 
Briefly, that is the story of the American Plan. To 
point out just how it is operating in every State, would 

take too long. But the plan is logical, sane and abso- 
lutely workable. There is an opportunity, created by 
the intensive work done during the war, to make rapid 
and remarkable gains during the next ten years. But 
the public must understand and fit into each of the 
four big avenues of attack. 

And in this need we arc particularly fortunate, for 
there are among us several million war veterans who 
know. Nearly every man in the Army and Navy got 
a rudimentary education of great value to himself and 
to the nation. 

In the United States, in this year of peace. 1920, 
more lives than the whole empire of Great Britain lost 
during any one year of the war will be claimed by 
the venereal diseases, The annual death rate per 
100.000 of population is about 1.389. Of this number 
death certificates would probably not show more than 
nine due to venereal diseases, yet it is conservatively 
estimated that more than two deaths in every thirteen 
are due to syphilis. There seems to be a joker in the 
pack somewhere, but when we learn that all cases of 
locomotor ataxia are of syphilitic origin, when we 
learn that one hundred per cent of general paralysis 
of the insane is due to the same cause, we begin to 
see that Sir William Osier was not far wrong in call- 
ing syphilis " the great killing disease." Certain per- 
centages of deaths from organic heart diseases, 
apoplexy and brain softening arc due in part to the 
same cause. 

The diseases present no mystery to the modern 
physician. They can he cured and they can be pre- 
vented, but we have always been too blind, too nice, 
too delicate, to come out with cold, hard facts. We, 
as a nation, have preferred the attitude of the three 
Oriental monkeys who see not, hear not and speak not. 
Many people are strong for the attempt that is be- 
ing made, but doubt the chances for success. During 
(he war, however, more than two hundred " red light " 
districts were effectually closed. And. what is more 
to the point, they are still closed. 

Of the old picturesque districts few remain. The 
Barbary Coast of San Francisco is but an innocuous 
ghost of its former self. But New Orleans holds on, 
in spite of the fact that each year the city contributes 
approximately $20,000 for the care of persons made 
insane by syphilis. 

That is only one item of many, but it is illuminating. 
In New York State, the cities of Troy, Albany and 
Hudson have not yet followed the lead set by hun- 
dreds of others. Pennsylvania, Maryland, West Vir- 
ginia, Georgia, Tennessee, Wyoming and Nevada still 
show a few red lights. But these remaining districts 
can not long endure. The public is slowly but surely 
opening its eyes. — C. M. Sheridan in the "American 

Legion Weekly." 

. ■*- . 

" Well, Papa Does " 


It happened at the table. The mother had rebuked 
the little lad for using his knife instead of his fork, 
whereupon the young man gave as his excuse (or 
justification) : " Well, papa does." A triumphant 
look accompanied the words, for in his opinion the 
argument was unanswerable. It was, at least, difficult 
to answer and placed that mother in a rather delicate 
position. * 

Some may say that the child's fault was only a 
trifle (we're not discussing table etiquette now), but 
the same excuse was given shortly after for an act 
which, if allowed to go unpunished, would influence 
his attitude toward women. 

The point is this— the little ones pattern after their 
elders, and who seems more perfect than father or 
mother? Aristotle tells us: " Unless parents afford 
their children a fit pattern of life, they will leave them 
an obvious excuse to quote against themselves." A 
later writer expresses the thought this way: "It is 
inevitable that children will sit in judgment upon their 
parents. They do it either when they leave home, or 
'when their parents die." 

If one would have a favorable verdict, it is neces- 
sary to be the man (or woman) the little child idealizes 
and thinks one is. 

Mattheim, Pa. 


' 1 THE GOSPEL MESSENCER-January 1 5, 1 92 1 

Calendar for Sunday, January 16 

MftTTsM 011001 L " S ° n ' °" r A " ft "" "' C Kin ? dora — 

Christian Workers' Meeting, Choice Gems from the Old 
testament. — Psa. 119:72. 

* * ♦ <f 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Pottstown church, Pa. 
One baptism in the Conestoga church, Pa. 
Two baptisms in the Sterling church, Colo. 
One baptism in the Twin Falls church, Idaho. 
One baptism in the Walnut congregation, Ind. 
Three baptisms in the Bartlesville church, Okla. 
One was reclaimed in the Egeland church, N. Dak. 
One baptism in the Long Green Valley church, Md. 
Two baptisms in the "Salem Community church, Kans. 
Two additions to the Fraternity church, N. C — Bro 
.1. F. Bntton, of Vienna. Va., evangelist. 

Eight baptisms at Terrace View, Antioeh congregation, 
Va.,— Bro. L. C. Coffman, Daleville, Va., evangelist. 

One confession in the Conewago church, Pa.,_Bro 
Nathan EsheJman, of Elizabcthtown, Pa., evangelist 

Twenty-five converts, eighteen baptized and seven re- 
claimed at Wmdber, Pa., during a series of meetings. 

I,J We n y " 0n r C °" f,: " io " s in ">? Elkhart Valley church, 
Ind..-Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann, Ind., evangelist 

Thirty-seven were added to the Rrookville church, 
elist ' Hecklna ". °> Cerro Gordo, 111., evan- 

Two have been baptized and one restored in the In- 
dependence church, Kans.; three confessions in the same 

Four baptisms in the Bluefield church. W. Va -Bro 
meetin s' mmCr ' PaS '° r ' '" ChargC; 0nC applicant sin ce «-e 

Twenty-seven accepted Christ in the Harris Creek 
evangel ■ °' °' * McFadd ° n ' "' Sn ' itMlc ' ° hi °' 

One was reclaimed at the Salem church, Peters Creek 
congregate, Va.,-Bro. C. D. Hylton. of Troutville Va 

Nineteen confessed Christ, thirteen of when were bap- 
tized a , S.reby, W. Va.,-Bro. A. S. Arnold, of Williams- 
port, W. Va., evangelist. 

Four have been baptized and one reclaimed at the Can- 
MinT W nT cme " : ^io n , N - Dak.._Bro. L. Smith, of 
Mmot, N. Dak., ovangelisl. 

♦ * * * 

Our Evangelists 

iugtn ^ZlUt"- PaStor ' <° bC - *«■ * - «« Huut- 

Bro h. C. Early of Pen,, Laird, Va, to begin Feb. 20 
,„ the Lancaster church. Pa. 

Bro A. C. Miller, of Virginia, is holding meetings in 
the Stonerstown congregation. Pa. 

Bro. J. Edson Ulery, of Onekama, Mich., to begin Ian 
IS ,n the Pleasant View church, Ind. ° J ' 

Bro J. W. Norris, of North Manchester. I„d., to begin 
Jan. 18 ,n the Fostoria church, Ohio. E 

Bro. Wm. L. Hatcher, of Rossville. Ind. is holding 
meetings in the Arcadia church, Ind. ? 

Bro. DR. MeFadden, of Smithville. Ohio, to begin 
March 13 in the Akron church, Ohio. g 

larfV* 1 :!",?-, "^' ° f r«di ana poH s , Ind., to begin 
Jan. 16 in the Hickory Grove church, 111. 

"f B /ami'rv E i„ J , arb °M- "■ ™" B<> ' '° bee '' n about *« '■<* 
January m the Miss.ssinewa church, Ind 

.ime r °, : „ J V E e„ S ° n Ulet7 \ 0f ° neka " ,a - Mic ''" '» b <* ! » "»»«- ,n February ,„ , hc Peasant Valley church, Ind. 

+ •> ♦ * 

Personal Mention 

as B pat,c U rcu I ;b HO r fle ' •'"' °' Chicago - "'- " as b "» — d 

in Iju G f irnSOn ChUrCh ' Iowa ' a " d is °°» 'ocated 
in nis new held of activity. 

Bro N. M. Shidlet, formerly of Seymour, Ind , has as- 

spoudents will please make the change in [he Yearbook 
.ha' l7eM ?h°' J ' ^ Bar " C "—« Bro. J. W. Barnhart- 
an S.J T"? 5 "' W "'° n - 0rC « "' «"«•> 1-gan 
teres, """' '^ b "' ° f a "™ d »"ee and 4n- 

Bro. E. B. Hoff of Bethany Bible School, favored the 
editom rooms with a pleasant interview last week in 
connection with his attendance upon the meeting of the 
Forward Movement Executive Committee. 

lem! , l'!rir M ; SSi0n Stcnba ' is s '" d .vmg mission prob- 
lems m the Eastern par, of the homeland this week. His 
Plans mcluded conferences with a number of our District 

t%z a v n o d rk a 'ci t r enda " ce at ,he Home Missi °" s c °^ ; 

Bro. John R. Snyder, of Bellefontaiue. Ohio, came in a 
few days ago to assist the Forward Movement Executive 
Committee ,n caring for the accumulation of 'work at the 
office during the busiest season. Bro. Snyder rendered 
most efficient service las, year in a similar capacity 

School J 'h HUgh He€kman ' of «"= '«»"> °f Bethany Bible 
School, having been granted a leave of absence for the 

monT : f T re v P,!ra,inB h, ' S ""'»• is "«»<«■■« <ta winte 
month, a, La Verne, Calif. We have jus, received an aVtide 

C&™££XZ " ,hC ** ° f ' "*■ * -° «** 

«Wn J ' A ' BiC • kett • " agCd deacon of lh « Chico, Calif 
bv Eld 7 S an0 ' n,ed ri Dcc - ,9 b V Eld - S. S. Garst, assisted 
by Eld. C. Ernest Dav s. Bro Birketf l„„ f„ 
years, suffered from bronchial tro"^^ The™* 
several months has been afflicted severely. He requests 
the prayers of the church in his behalf. ' 

Bro. Roger D Winger gave „s a friendly call recently 
He has been doing graduate work in Northwestern Uni 

uon ^b "if,"', PaS ' SCm£S,er - Af ' Cr «>« 22 " d °f this 
month he will be located a, McPherson, Kans., as Director 
c. Religious Education for the McPherson territory 

Sunt; S e e£ n Boa rd. bei " g >">"" * ** <^ 

E.I h u e o S „ e w'r d' tHe ° eneral ^nday School Board left 
tlgm on Wednesday of last week for Elizabethtown Pa 
where he was to begin Institute work among The col-' 
leges in the eastern par, of the Brotherhood. I, is a lonL 

to do „ because it ,s the kind tha, tells for the future 
progress of the Kingdom. 

The Forward Movement Director is in Western Penn 

ylvania this week where, in company with Bro. H Sp - 

», ' '°' d D ' rc<:t or of the District, he is hold 

Tins mXdYf E 1r ti °" a] InSti ' UteS at — ra, pohns. 
Ih.s method of getting into touch with the local churches 

Board'anTthe" " de,a 'i ^ "* ° f the Ge "" al Mission 
Board, and the aims and ideals of the Forward Movement 
,s meeting w „ h g re a, favor. Next week Bro Bonsa k 
w-11 ass,st in the Daleville Bible Institute 

The Executive Committee of the Forward Movement 
held its b.monthly meeting on Wednesday, Jan 5 : The 
business was transacted in a three-hour session Th 
meeting was largely given ,o the final consideration", 
the Conference budget for 1921, and this is se, forth ,„ the 
Forward Movement Department of this issue. The prop 
lem of a more efficient organization of the Movement also 
came up, and the General Director may have something 
o say on th.t subject in these columns. „Z 
future. Out-of-.own members of the committee in at 
^endance were Brethren 0,ho Winger, J. W. tea aud 
E. B. Hoff, aud Sister Eva Trostle, representing resoec 
Wy, , he Mission Board, the Educa.iona, Board fte" 
T act Committee and the Dress Reform Comm.tee 

°x " E.r commi,,ees were r ~ d * *- 

* * * * 
Elsewhere in This Issue 

The Joint Sunday School Convention of the Firs, and 

We desire to caU special attention to Bro M G Brum 
baugh's announcement on page 36 foot of mid HI I 
This ,"c o «,«** f . * 0I middle conmn 

-lous^sessions are ,o be held from Feb. I ?£„?£ 

* * * + 

Special Notices 

.o1"ves"ga,?, h „f 1 t0 Ch M nge 10 " aon ' is c ° rdial 'y invited 
Bro W H V I 7? C conditi o"s a, Emmett, Idaho 

pa^or !f,t C C t" An' KanS '- ^^ '° b = " itho "' a 
'oca,e in / S c'omm m,yTh re ; h e°re l ir'a d "'^ '° 
ranged ehurchhouse and a gooc pa.onag „ iU.™ !« 

Miscellaneous Mention 

fieJd" nt " MeSSenger " ° £ J an - 1 'he address of the Spriug- 
cld 111., mission was given as 306 East Ash Street. It 

should have been 906 East Ash Street. 
Some time ago the Wenalchee church, Wash., changed 

IS name to- Sunny Slope." bu, Bro. J. R. Peters now in- 

return to the old name •■ Wenalchee "-the congregation, 
when organized, eighteen years ago, being thus known 

So many of our church correspondents found matters 
of interest to rC p ort , that „, e spacei usua ^ 

Notes, ,s more than filled in this issue, compelling us to 

Week °W " m ' m , bC '" °' ' he """""nieadons until „ex, 
v.eek. We trust that tins explanation will account for the 
nonappearance of much interesting matter received here 
during the last few days. 

The General Conference for 1921 has been definitely 
oeated at Hershey Pa„ and the time is Tuesday ut 
14, for the opening of the business session. The Standing 
Committee will meet on the preceding Thursday; June 9 
The Committee of Arrangements has secured the use of 
he park from June 7 to June IV. So we are informed by 
the Secretary, Bro. A. P. Snader, of New Windsor, Md 

reccnT" D ° eS ItS Share - Mr - Herbert Hoover, in a 
recent announcement concerning European Relief Work 
gives the encouraging information that ten million dollars' 
rai ed He """^""'l m f iori »«"W. have now been 

neonfe Jn TfT* " ,C ferVent ' ,0pe that ,ht A '""iean 
people mil „ot fa.l ,„ promptly raising ,|, c remainder of 

program "' abSolu,elv »«« s «y for the minimum 

tio^ o e f giSt " °!f itS members ' 'oscther.w'i.h the designa- 
ureoi T Q i a , du "« aSSignEd '° cad1 ' is a Prominent fea- 
ure of the Bulletin Board in one of our northern churches 

In that way new members and visitors can, at a glance 

thos'e t° T S " ,U r Cy ° f ' he Churd1 ' a " d *e names of 
a«iv ties „ T ' he ma " a ^ m «' of the various church 
activities has been assigned. That plan is practical and 
.nexpensive, and might be adopted by other congregations 
to excellent advantage. s 5 

Last week's "Messenger" gave the obituary notice of 

hlr I„a "of If Ca r rer - qUi ' e —' * 'he'act Iha, n 
her span of life she more than rounded out a century 
but equally noteworthy by reason of the further fact Zt 
deprived of early educational advantages, she determ ned 
o acquire a knowledge of reading and writing, even when 
far advanced ,„ years. No, until she was eighty years of 

eTd ,h B b, at ' ain he , r C ° VetCd d " ire 0l b « i "«^'" '• 
read the B ble-a pnvdege tha, was greatly prized during 

the remaining years of her life. Her example should be 

an incentive to many others, advanced in years, abundant 

y convincing them ,hat no one is ever too old, so fa as 

the acqmrement of useful knowledge is concerned 

A late copy of the Sebring (Fla.) "White Way" con- 

. ■ . 1» v" *«■/ viriuie wav con- 

tains an interesting description of "A Busy Day at the 
Chmch of , ,,e Brethren in Sebring." The write-up was con! 
tributed by Bro. I. J. Roseuberger, who is spentog The 
winter a t at place. The "busy day" referred to wa s h 
Sunday following Christmas. The day was made a special 
wasth/la^T .V", ■ M ^"" *« the Sunday-school 
of the sued,. V ■ S '° ry °' ,he SCh ° 01 and the am °«n' 
dollars Th , " E WaS '" excess of ""ee hundred 

doHars-the larger part of which was given to the Chinese 
famine fund. -A, 3 P. M. a large crowd assembled on the 
banks of the lace, ,o witness the sacred rite of baptism 
■ which was administerd by Bro. Isaac Fran.z. In desc b 
• mg this par, of the day's events, Bro. Roseuberger takes 
fitting occasion ,o emphasize the triune aud face-forward 

TeTarn^SSr ^ ^ " " ^ «* N ^ 

Here is a matter tha, should interest every reader of 

the Messenger and should have the particular attention 

by the Mission Rooms from the Committee of Reference 

Amencr-A hM 'Ik "' 6 " MiSSi °" S ^'""^ °< "« ft 
Amenca. A bill (known as the Jones-Miller bill) has 
been introduced in both the Senate and the House of Ren 

hmft t-'ffie a ' ^ aShi " gt0n ' lhC effE « ° f whichTs to pro- traffic ,n the raw material of morphia, herojn and 
cocaine, except what the U. S. Health Service declares 
necessary for legitimate medical uses. I, will also p " 
From,,, eXP ° rl and a " '""Si' in bond of these Jrugs 
L n * e . P01n '. of .vi™ of every missionary society, work" 
Z\ T, ,h ' S S °" e ° f ' he m0St nnPortant bills which 

has come before Congress recently. Let.ers come from 

"le of mornh" Ch ™' .'«>°«">S *™*«* results of th" 
s.Ie of morph,a and ,ts products in China. Up to the 
presen, ,,me i, has been impossible ,o interfere with fti 

came ""," ""^ ' ime " C co nsidered the mat er we 
cam squarely up against the fact that we had no laws" 

raffle" I e „ v- VST*. WOl " d ena "' C " S t0 " r " e "' ' his 

elation ,„ X hC far - rMchi ng effect of this bill in 

relation to the missionary enterprises. I am writing ,o 

ask you to help m securing the passage of the bill, for if 

\u7 aSSM ' the Christian forces of the count,; must 

get beh.nd it Will you bring this matter to the attention 

S /atorVZ R aSk, '" g ,hem '° ™,iea,e with , lei 
fhistn S brp d asl e d P ? r " Sen,a " VCS - C °— ' ■«*« ' ba ' 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 



Newspapers as Crime Promoters 
In his endeavor to battle with the increasing tide of 
criminality, New York's Police Commissioner has been 
doing some serious thinking and planning. After discuss- 
ing the matter with some of the judges of the city courts 4 
that official has arrived at the firm conclusion that the daily 
papers, with their grist of immorality and crime, are re- 
sponsible for a large share of existing lawlessness. He 
argues that the sensational and lurid descriptions of crim- 
inal exploits are strongly suggestive to immature and 
irresponsible minds. He declares that well-authenticated 
instances prove that a strong impetus towards lawlessness 
is thus engendered. No doubt there is considerable truth 
in the claims above referred to. Continual delineation of 
cases of moral delinquency is sure to have its logical re- 


Relics of a Strange Race Found in Oregon 
What may prove to be the greatest archaeologic dis- 
covery ever made in the Pacific Northwest, is being un- 
covered just now by road crews working on the Columbia 
River highway, six miles above The Dalles. Scores of 
graves and skeletons have been found, together with ruins 
of buildings, personal ornaments, cooking implements and 
many other relics of a civilization that preceded the era 
of the Red Man. Celilo Indians of that section— richest 
in lore and traditions of the many tribes of Indians in the 
vicinity, knew nothing about the existence of this burial 
ground, and are unable to decipher any of the numerous 
signs on the unearthed relics. It is thought that a sand- 
storm of unusual severity overwhelmed the old-time com- 
munity, virtually burying the people alive. Further dis- 
coveries, concerning this unknown people, will be awaited 
with interest. 

A Striking Experience in Business 
Much is being said, nowadays, about the application of 
Christian principles to business. Some declare it can not 
be done; others admit that it is not only possible but 
that such a plan can be put into effect with the best of 
success. The experience of the A. Nash Company, of 
Cincinnati, Ohio— noted for their "Golden Rule" busi- 
ness methods — is quite illuminative, as may be seen by 
Mr. Nash's own statement: "During the year of general 
strikes, our company had none. During the year of non- 
production, the A. Nash Company increased its produc- 
tion 1,000 per cent. During the year of high prices, our 
company manufactured to order suits and overcoats to 
retail at from $16.50 to $29 only. Now note what happened 
when stagnation hit the industry. During the first six 
months of 1920 the A. Nash Company did $81,000 more 
business than it did in the entire year of 1919, and during 
the month of June, 1920, it did a business equal to the 
entire year of 1918." 

Why Not Help the Farmer? 
No matter what else may happen, the country must 
have crops and plenty of them. To grow them most suc- 
cessfully, the farmers in many sections must have potash 
for fertilizing purposes. Germany has vast quantities of 
this product, and is willing to sell at reasonable prices. 
Some of the potash manufacturers wanted to come over 
here and sell direct to the farmers at lowest rates. But 
for some inexplainable reason, passports were refused 
them by our authorities and so they could not enter the 
United States. This means more expensive fertilizer for 
farmers and higher prices for food, necessarily, to the con- 
sumer, and why? We are told that an American combine 
is operating in Europe to buy potash as cheap as it can, to 
sell here, later on, foras high a price as possible. One 
of the things we could never understand is this very mat- 
ter of specially favoring some speculative concern, when 
such action is to the great detriment of the farmer and 
all others interested in his welfare. 

Preservation of Jerusalem 
Without question, the Jerusalem of today is closely 
associated with its material remnants of the past. This 
explains why Gov. Ronald Storrs, who describes himself 
as the successor of Pontius Pilate, insists upon rather re- 
strictive measures to preserve the ancient holy places in 
an environment consistent with their meaning to the 
world. His refusal to permit the construction of tram 
lines to the Mount of Olives and to Bethlehem, and his 
prohibition of liquor-shops throughout Palestine, have 
had wide approval. The destruction of any of the 
ancient buildings has been prohibited unless his consent is 
given. Though this conservative policy may be petrifying 
to the spirit of modern "progress," the world's interest in 
Jerusalem, after all, is centered upon the preservation of 
the old-time points of interest. Commerce and material 
progress may well pass by this island of the remote past. 
As Jerusalem is a holy city for Moslem, Jew and Christian 
nlike, it may well be definitely set aside, by common agree- 
ment, and kept free from all disturbing factors. Such air 
agreement will insure the preservation of the city for all 

That Vexing " Irish Problem " 
v Our readers have doubtlessly noted the widening breach 
between England and "aspiring" Ireland. So far as news- 
paper reports indicate, there seems to be little hope for 
early improvement. There is much fighting and disturb- 
ance of various sorts in Ireland. One of the most dis- 
couraging factors is seen in the tendency to go from bad 
to worse. Each side accuses the other of shameless atroc- 
ities, and in all probability both are not far from the 
truth in their claims. While the English Parliament has 
passed the Home Rule Bill, which provides for two legis- 
lative bodies in Ireland, neither faction, apparently, is like- 
ly to be fully suited by the measure. The wisdom of a 
Solomon would hardly be able to settle the question m- 
ceptably to all. 

Benevolent Gifts During 1920 
According to the latest figures, last year's public benev- 
olences will reach the very large figure of $638,353,401. 
The Rockefeller gifts are $474,000,000. To Baptist mis- . 
sions and the Interchurch underwriting fund Mr. Rocke- 
feller gave $2,000,000. By far the larger share of his mag- 
nificent donation, as given above, went to medical schools. 
Education was next, and science, art, charity and general 
research received handsome sums. Gifts to churches, as 
such, amounted to but $750,000. The apportionments, 
given above, indicate, at least approximately, the causes 
considered most valuable to humanity. That our men of 
wealth are more and more realizing their duty of stew- 
ardship and its wise administration, is becoming more 
apparent from day to day. 

Is the Earth Being Remade? 
Prof. Guillaume Bigourdan, of Paris, referring lo the 
fact that the unusually large number of earthquakes, last 
year, have wrought great structural changes in the earth, 
asserts that this globe is in process of being made over, 
climatically and geologically. Here are some of his de- 
ductions: "We are traversing a period of volcanic dis- 
turbances, similar to those that occurred before the crea- 
tion of man. While we need not anticipate any abrupt 
alterations, there is, undoubtedly, a possibility that new 
gmups of islands may appear in the Pacific Ocean, and 
that others may disappear. These disturbances may ex- 
tend from the Mediterranean Sea to the Indian Ocean 
and Eastern Asia, finally involving the entire Pacific coast 
line of the American continent." The unusually mild 
winter, this year, is ascribed, in part at least, to important 
climatic changes, already taking place, as alluded to above, 
though full particulars regarding the same are not yet 

" The Chosen People " 
Lord Reading, a Jew, for some time Lord Chancellor of 
England, is to be the next Viceroy of India. The place 
is to be given him because of the present vast discontent 
and trouble in India. At this critical time the government 
wants some one that can manage the turbulent masses. 
Some years ago another Jew, Disraeli— a native, by the 
way, of ancient Jerusalem — attained to the high station of 
Prime Minister of England, and through his influence an 
English woman of German descent — Queen Victoria — was 
made Empress of India. It is really remarkable that, 
for the important position of Viceroy of India, a notable 
array of native-born Anglicans should have been passed 
by, to make choice of Lord Reading, No wonder the 
Jewish people consider themselves quite solemnly the 
" Chosen People," glorying in the name. It can not be 
denied that quite often they are "chosen" when some- 
thing specially important is to be done, which fact is also 
to be noted in the historical events of past years. 

The Tragedy Supreme 
While the Church of the Brethren, together with the 
liberal givers throughout the United States, lias rallied 
nobly to the call for famine relief in stricken China, it is 
true, doubtlessly, that few of us have an accurate concep- 
tion of the great tragedy in its most appalling aspects. 
If the entire population of the United Staes, north of the 
Mason and Dixon line, could be gathered together in one 
mighty assembly, excluded from the rest of the world by 
an enormous wall with hardly a particle of food inside, 
you would have a situation exactly similar in extent to 
that of the famine-stricken provinces of China. Remote, 
as we are, from that region of supreme distress, we do not 
actually hear the moans of anguish and the shrieks of 
pain, as dying millions are breathing their last, but the 
heart-breaking scenes are stern realities, nevertheless. 
And while the grim reaper is garnering his woeful har- 
vest, what about the world's nations that are more favor- 
ably situated? What shall we say about that part of hu- 
manity, wholly intent upon pleasure and the gratification 
of flesh-pleasing desires? What about the millions, so 
recently spent for wholly useless Christmas presents, and 
other millions, all the while being squandered for moving- 
picture shows and the like? Just to think that, in this 
time of great need, the governments of the world should 
think of building more battle-ships, and map out pro- 
grams for naval armaments that will cost the taxpayers 
multiplied millions! Can it be possible that even some of 
those who claim to be Christians have forgotten the real 

meaning of the celestial message, "Good will to all men"? 
Of one thing we are sure— the Great Father above is not 
unmindful of the great tragedy. Patiently he watches 
whether his professed children are coming to the rescue. 
Must the millions die, brother and sister, while ample 
means are in our hands? It is a question that each one 
must settle personally, in the light of his accountability. 

How Prohibition Helped California 
Huge sums were spent by California vineyafdists in the 
attempt to defeat prohibition— totally unaware of the 
fact that, in reality, that very measure would eventually 
prove of highest benefit to them. At the very time when 
some of them got ready to uproot their vineyards, to 
plant grain, suddenly a market developed— so enormous 
that it seemed like an oriental dream. Now, instead of 
getting but $60 an acre for their crops, some are making 
as much as $500 an acre clear profit. The grapes are dried 
in the vineyards and shipped to large cities here and 
abroad. There they are soaked in water and the result- 
ant, nonintoxicating liquid is used as a drink, instead of 
(he wine that was formerly made. How true that appar- 
ent disappointments are often blessings in disguise! 

Argentina's Stand for Prohibition 
As a natural result of prohibition in the United States, 
ihe ever wide-awake liquor interests are making a strong 
effort to expand their business in other countries. Cuba 
has already been successfully invaded, and South Amer- 
ica is now looked upon as a lucrative field for liquor prop- 
aganda. That idea, however, is strongly resented by 
Argentina, the people of which are making a determined 
effort to protect themselves against the inroads of the 
liquor forces. At her request, the United States, not long 
ago, concluded a commercial travelers' treaty with Ar- 
gentina, according to which traveling salesmen in that 
country can not represent American liquor-houses. The 
step is a most significant one. But why should the 
United States not have been the prime mover in this, in- 
stead of Argentina? 

What the World Needs 
In a recent utterance, President-Elcct Warren G. Hard- 
ing, expressed himself in the following most striking 
words: "There never was a time when the world stood 
more in need than it does now, of the consolations and 
reassurances which only a firm religious faith can give. 
This is a time of uncertainty, of weakened faith in the 
efficacy of institutions, of economic hypotheses, of dic- 
tum and dogma in whatever realm, Yet we all know 
that there are certain fundamental truths of life and duty 
and destiny that will stand eternally, through the evolu- 
tion, the revolution — perhaps the wreck — of systems of 
society, brought forth by man. Let there be no mistake 
in .confusing the things which arc of eternity, with those 
which are of time. Let nothing distract us from a proper 
attention to the things of the spirit and the soul." 

Undeveloped Possibilities 
Doubtless the ratio of cultivated to uncultivated land 
in the United States will be surprising to many. The 
total cultivated area is about 300.000,000 acres, while the 
uncultivated is more than 200.000,000 acres. Tn addition, 
there are about 400,000,000 ;icres of desert land in the 
western part of the United States. While much of this 
has the richest soil, it lies uncultivated, simply because the 
all-important element of water is lacking. If 150,000.000 
acres of arid land were irrigated, and 80,000,000 acres of 
swamp land were drained, at least 25,000,000 persons could 
live on the reclaimed area. As the land is cultivated, 
other industries, besides agriculture, would be developed. 
Astonishing as the above facts and figures may be, so 
far as the material world is concerned, a very similar 
condition may be seen in the spiritual realm also. Much 
of the great world field is white for the harvest, but the 
1 borers for the Lord are few indeed. Vast stretches are 
wholly barren and uncultivated because the Lord's people 
f. il to measure up to their possibilities. 

Why Not Have Greater Simplicity? 
During the progress of a lively debate on the resolution, 
appropriating $50,000 to defray the expenses of the in- 
auguration of the president-elect, Senator Borah and 
others insisted that " if Senator Harding had his own way, 
there would be a very simple ceremony." One is made 
to wonder why the president-elect should not have his 
way, especially since he is chiefly concerned. All sensible 
people will say that Senator Harding is quite right in his 
plea, and there will be hearty agreement with him by the 
people in general. There is no need of ostentatious dis- 
play. The first estimate— much larger than the sum above 
referred to — was characterized by one of the senators as 
"a sum altogether too large, when children are dying of 
starvation abroad, and when, in American cities, thousands 
of children are not sufficiently nourished and clothed to 
attend school." It is most gratifying that economy is. 
to some extent at least, gaining ground in Washington. 
If the president-elect succeeds in making his inauguration 
what he has requested— " a simple ceremony," his ex- 
ample, throughout the nation, will be a most powerful in- 
centive to greater simplicity and well-advised economy. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


ii(rc*"slli>iiti for the Weekly Devotional Meeting Or for 
Prayerful, l'rlvnte Meditation. 

What Happens in a Real Revival 

Acts 2: 14-21 
For Week Beginning Jan. 23, 1921 

1 . There Is an Awakening of Interest in Spiritual 
Things.— When a " refreshing from on high " comes to 
the congregation, character seems more important than 
Hi. trivial things /of Hfc; spiritual food appears to be 
more essential than nourishment for the physical body; 
the life of the soul is far more vital than mere earthly 

isl tice. We may be sure that a real revival has come 
to a church, when men pause in the rush and din of 
business to remember that they are only tenants at best, 
in this world, and that they are hastening to an abode 
where, in supernal bliss or in deepest anguish, the years 
of eternity will be spent. 

2. In a Real Revival, Prayer Becomes Vital and Un- 
ceasing. — We itlay not l>< able to explain it, but, some- 
bow, prayer becomes the natural expression of the 
awakened soul. Paul's "Pray without ceasing" is a 
blessed privilege instead of a mere duty. Every now and 
then, throughout a Spirit-filled revival, consecrated hearts 
will lineer at the throne of crracc, depending upon it as 
the sovereign means of Divine acceptance. 

3. In a Real Revival the Holy Spirit Is a Never-Failing 
Helper.- As temples of the Holy Spirit, ours Is a great 
privilege indeed. Each believing heart may be his dwell- 
ing-place. Tt is a glorious thought that through us he 
may work out to others. He is ready to teach us, if we 
will hut place ourselves in the proper attitude. As the 
Spirif inspires the words of the preacher, so he also 
blesses the efforts of the people, in testimony, in prayer 
and in song, Tt is the loving and tender wooings of the 
Spirit that break down the hardest heart, arouse the sleep- 

tscience, and electrify the human will to the highest 
and noblest tmmilses for righteousness. 

4. At the Real Revival the Bible Is Given Its Rightful 
Place. — Other books being relegated to a place of minor 
importance, the Bihle reigns supreme. The gracious 
promises become our great eheck-hook. Every one of 
them being endorsed by the Great Mediator, Jesus Christ, 
his word and honor are pledged to their fulfillment. 

5. At the Real Revival the Salvation of Others Be- 
comes the Great Concern of Our Souls. — Many a Chris- 
tian, whose life has been devoted largely to " the working 
out of his own salvation, with fear and trembling," is 
urged by the benign influence of the Spirit, to be anxious- 
ly concerned about the unconverted all around him. He 
sees them as fellow-pilgrims who are walking on the 
edee of a precipice, trifling with eternal things, and in 
imminent dancer of eternal loss. Ts it not true that, 
under the influence of newly-revived spiritual sensitive- 
ness, we. as the Lord's workers, see our duty and obliga- 
tions to others with clearer eyes? With anxiety, with 
prayerf illness, with awakened love we seek after the in- 
different and the sinful- We entreat them to turn to Christ 
and to secure salvation in this tjme of grace. 

6. At the Real Revival Men and Women Are Caused 
to Turn from Their Sins.— By the power of the Word 
even seared consciences are aroused to a sense of their 
true condition. Sin and iniquity are made to stand out 
in all their hideousness. Finally the arrow of conviction 
pierces the heart and there is the anguishd inquiry: 
"What must I do to be saved?" Then the terms of sal- 
vation are made available to the repentant one, and he re- 
joices in a salvation that insures peace to his soul and a 
home on the eoldeti shores of deliverance. 

7. Suggestive References.— Perfect peace comes to 
those who turn to the Lord (Isa. 26:3). Life and peace 
promised to the spiritually minded (Rom. 8:6). The 
characteristics of real conversion (Rom. 14: 17). Striving 
for higher ideals (Col. 3- 1-3). The love of God through 
the Holy Spirit (Rom. 5:5). No condemnation to those 

.Ik after- the Spirit (Rom. 8:1. 2, 4, 9, 11, 13, 14). 
The body a temple of the Holy Spirit (1 Cor. 6: 11, 19). 
A Messed assurance (John 5:24, 39). 

The Sufficiency of Christ for the New Day 

(Continued from P 

to hold his life, and health, and reputation, and prop- 
d happini ss a=> sacred as our own. This is not 
r of feeling, but justice, mercy, and the Golden 
Rule. This can be done, and it must be done if peace 
and justice are to prevail. This is the essence of 

Man is a social being, and the Gospel is a social Gos- 
pel Withoul social relations, man would notjdevelop 
lity. Man must learn to live with his feliow- 
men in a crowded world in peace and harmony. This 
is the supreme problem of the race. Man has social, 

political, economic, industrial, and religious relations 
with bis fellows. The spirit of Brotherhood should' 
pervade and control all these relations. In the six- 
teenth century Europe fought for religious freedom; 
in the eighteenth century for political freedom; and 
in the twentieth century for economic freedom. Eco- 
nomic democracy is the problem of the hour. No 
problem is solved until it is solved right. The slavery 
of the ancient world became the feudal system of the 
Middle Age. and the industrial system of the present. 
In each there was injustice and inequality. Ancient 
Babylon, cultured Greece, and pompous Rome were 
built on slavery, and these proud nations fell. They 
disobeyed the law of survival, the law of human 
brotherhood. , 

The present world-crisis is due to fear, and hate, 
and selfishness ; to the lack of the spirit and practice of 
brotherhood. Enlightened selfishness had its chance, 
and it failed. Materialism had full sway for genera- 
tions, and it resulted in a world-catastrophe, and left 
us with myriads of acute national and international 
problems. Diplomacy has failed, science has failed, 
industry has failed, force and governments have failed 
to solve the human problem and to create peace and 
good-will among men. The economic problem is 
uppermost in the public mind. Each faction wants 
the biggest share of the wealth that is produced. All 
wealth is produced by cooperation, the cooperation 
of capital, management, labor, and the public. Justice 
demands that there should also be cooperation in the 
distribution of wealth, and in the management of the 
process, so as to conserve the life, the health, and the 
happiness of human beings. This is the application of 
the social gospel to industry. The spirit of brother- 
hood must be applied to industry, and to all human 
problems, national and international, else the new day 
will be darkness, and not light. 

The law of brotherhood is the Divine Law, the law 
of nature, the law of survival. Materialists taught 
that struggle, competition and war were the law of 
life and progress. This doctrine has been disproved 
on every hand. In 1888 Pasteur said that the law of 
struggle is the law of war, of blood, and of death ; 
but that the law of survival is the law of peace, of 
work, and of health. It is the .law of cooperation. 
Biologists are everywhere agreeing that the law of 
service', of mutual aid, of cooperation and of brother- 
hood is the law of survival. No organism could long 
endure if every member were in deadly conflict with 
every other member. The survival of the organism 
depends upon the harmony and cooperation of each 

This is Paul's idea of the church, the beloved com- 
munity. Society is the larger organism, whose sur- 
vival depends upon the same law. The family is our 
best illustration. Each member contributes to the 
common good according to ability, and receives accord- 
ing to need. All work together for the good of each. 
This is the Divine Law for the family of God, the 
human family. " One is your Father, and all ye are 
brethren." The Kingdom of God is the reign of God 
— the will of God realized in human lives. God wills 
that all men should live as brethren. 

Christ is the true way of life. He lived and taught 
the law of brotherhood toward all men, in all circum- 
stances of life. All men belong to the family of one 
Father, therefore each should so live as to create the 
largest fullness of life and blessedness for all. The 
supreme need of the hour is to call upon all Christians 
to demonstrate the true way of life, to give men the 
vision, the desire, and the power to live right. The 
only way to dispel the fear 5 the hate, and the selfish- 
ness of the world, is to bring men to Christ and change 
their spirits. Then the new faith, and love, and good- 
will will drive out the old fear, and hate and selfishness. 
The best way to get rid of discords, is to sing the true 
notes; and the only way to get rid of sin, is to bring 
men into harmony with the truth. Christ is the True 
Way of Life. He is our only Hope for the new day. 
Where he reigns, there 's peace, and joy, and efficiency. 
He is sufficient for all our needs. 

III. In the third place, man is related to the uni- 
verse and to God. To live right, he must be a child 
of God, a son of God. Sonship means likeness— to 

be like God in character. The family of God is not 
perfect unless the children are in harmony with the 
life and ideals of the Father. There must be likeness 
in love, in kindness, in goodness, in appreciation. To 
be a child of God is to obey God, to be in harmony 
with him, to be in tune with the Infinite. 

" Man liveth not by bread alone." Man is not only 
an economic being, he is also poet, philosopher, artist, 
saint. He must not only supply the hunger of the 
body, but the hunger of the soul, the mind and heart. 
There are abiding needs of the soul that must be satis- 
fied. Man needs light for his intellect in the mazes 
and mysteries of life; he needs comfort for his heart 
in the failures and disappointments of experience; he 
needs forgiveness in the shame and humiliation of his 
defeats and shortcomings; he needs inspiration in the 
dull routine of daily duty; he needs comfort in the 
loneliness of departing friends; and he needs hope in 
despair. Above all, man needs a cause that he believes 
is the best — the eternally true, and good, and beauti- 
ful ; a cause that he can love and trust with his whole 
heart; a cause that he can serve with his whole 
strength. Without a cause, and without loyalty to a 
cause, life is superficial, disappointing, and barren. No 
soul develops its richest possibilities without being 
loyal to a great cause. But there can be no loyalty 
without an idealism that grounds its faith in ultimate 
reality. The only reality that can command our loyalty 
is the true, the good, and the beautiful. Life has no 
meaning or value unless grounded in a personal God. 

Furthermore, faith in a personal God — a God who 
is the Father of all men — is the only basis for human 
brotherhood and democracy. There can be no democ- 
racy, no peace, no harmony or cooperation among 
men, unless one believes in justice, in morality, and in 
human values. But apart from faith in a personal 
God, there is no basis or ground for human values 
or morality. The brotherhood of man is based abso- 
lutely on the Fatherhood of God. This becomes clear 
when we contrast it with materialism. 

Nietzsche, the German philosopher, performed a 
service to mankind by drawing the logical conclusions 
of materialism. We never knew how ugly it was till 
the philosophy of Nietzsche and the war revealed it 
in its real nature. Nietzsche's philosophy is based on 
materialistic or naturalistic evolution. He holds, (1) 
that there is no reality except force, and no greatness 
except power. There is no God, no freedom, no spirit, 
no personality. All that is, is force, and all life is but 
mechanism. (2) He called himself the Antichrist, 
and he denounced the Bible and religion in the most 
scathing terms. He ridiculed Christ, and despised 
everything' that manifests the gentler virtues. (3) 
He called himself the first anti-moralist; for he op- 
posed all morality, all justice, righteousness and 
purity. Since force is all, and all is force, the man 
of power is above good and evil. Morality is fit only 
for cattle, by which he meant the peasants, to keep 
them down in their place. He saw clearly that if 
force is the only reality, there is no place for morality. 
(4) He denounced democracy and brotherhood, be- 
cause it meant equality, and there is no place for such 
a concept in the philosophy of force. Democracy rests 
upon morality and Christ, and since be rejected these, 
he could not accept their fruit. According to Nietz- 
sche, the masses are only to be means for the advance- 
ment of the few — the powerful ; they are only cattle, 
and exist for the sole benefit of the rulers. (5) The 
superman is the goal of life. He is a tyrant, like the 
Greek god Dionysius, who represented destruction, 
sensuality, and wine. The superman is to be achieved 
through war. Since force is the only reality, struggle 
and war are the only way to progress. Thus the 
masses become enslaved, and a few rulers become 
more and-more powerful, and these will be the pro- 
genitors of the superman. 

Nietzsche showed the logic of materialism. Where 
there is no God, there is no place for morality, or 
justice, or goodness, or brotherhood and peace. It is 
certainly clear that no formal changes in laws, and in 
the redistribution of the wealth of the world, can give 
US the new day. It will be darkness indeed, unless 
men get a new spirit, a vital faith that the hopes of 
the better life are grounded in reality, in a personal 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


God. There can be no new day without justice; 
there can be no justice without faith in God. But 
mere belief in some god is not enough. It must be a 
genuine loyalty to the Father-God of our Christ. 

There is another philosophy that has the field at the 
present— Bolshevism. I am not interested in the tem- 
porary constitution of the Bolshevists, but in their 
philosophy of life. The leaders of Bolshevism are 
atheists, materialists. I heard Emma Goldman, and 
I have her book. She identified herself with this move- 
ment. I also verified my conclusions with the best of 
authorities. The philosophy of Bolshevism is bald 
materialism. This authority declared that they be- 
lieved in individualism, that they " were opposed to 
the three great lies of society, namely : God, the State, 
and Marriage." With great eloquence and power the 
belief in God, the existing governments, and the 
theory of government, and the idea of marriage were 
denounced. They also hold to some of the catch- 
phrases of Karl Marx: "Economic determinism, 
concentration of capital, and class-war." Theoreti- 
cally, Bolshevism is opposed to autocracy, but in prac- 
tice it is only a substitution of one kind of autocracy 
for another, and the materialism upon which it is 
based, makes real democracy or brotherhood impossi- 
ble. Bolshevism and Nietzsche are surprisingly 
similar. Both are godless, materialistic, and based on 
force. If Bolshevism covers the earth, the new day 
will be darkness and not light. 

There can be no new day without a vital faith in 
God. The only concept of God that satisfies the needs 
of man is the Father-God, as revealed in Christ. There 
is no logical foundation for morality, for brotherhood 
and peace, unless the heart of the universe is ground- 
ed in goodness, in the personal Father. Only such a 
God can meet the needs of the human mind, and heart, 
and will. 

The new day comes when men learn how to live. To 
live right, men must gain the mastery over things, and 
the passions of the body. They must relate them- 
selves properly to their fellow-men, which is the spirit 
of brotherhood; and they must be in harmony with 
God, which is sonship. This is the true'way of life, 
which Christ revealed in his life and teachings. The 
truth alone will make us free. Christ is sufficient for 
the new day. As men follow him, the discords of life 
are dissolved in the divine harmony. The hate, and 
fear, and selfishness of the world will disappear as 
dew before the. morning sun. The law of survival is 
the law of peace, of work, and of health; it is the 
law of brotherhood. The new day comes as men 
accept their birthright as children of the Father's 
family, and as brothers to all men. 

The need of the hour is to give men the vision of 
the truth. They must be taught to know the truth, to 
love the good, and to do the right. They must be 
taught the Bible, that they may know the true Way of 
life. They must be taught to pray: " Thy Kingdom 
come, thy will be done " ; they must be taught to serve 
their fellow-men, in the spirit of brotherhood, in all 
the relations of life. This task is committed to us. 
We are the ambassadors of Christ, the prophets, and 
apostles, and evangelists, and pastors, and teachers, 
who are the coworkers with God to bring in the new 
day. The hour is here when the prophets of God 
must herald the Gospel of Salvation to the whole 

McPherson, Kans. 

During the year two were reclaimed, thirteen were bap- 
tized and two are awaiting baptism. Three times haptism 
was administered at prayer meeting. 

During the summer months we joined with four other 
evangelical churcbes of the city in union Sunday evening 
services in the park. Tile pastors of the various churcbes 
took their regular turns in conducting the services. We 
also enjoyed a union service at the Presbyterian church 
on Thanksgiving Day. 

At Christmas time the cantata "The Coming of the 
King" was rendered. This program required a lot of 
work, but it was universally conceded to be the best pro- 
■ gram so far given at this church, with the largest audience 
that ever attended here. The piano that was placed in 
church at the time of the dedication, contributed largely 
to the success of this program. 

On the evening of Dec. 28 about seventy-five members 
and friends of the church came to our home for a sur- 

.Mill I I i i I i ' 1 -■ U| 141C ^llim.11 cull", s.v v**»*, »~. « „.«- 

prise party. They worked their plans well, They came 
to give their greetings of the season, which they expressed 
in words and by numerous useful gifts. All this was very 
much appreciated. Most of all we appreciated the pledge 
of good-will, which was given with an earnest desire that 
the church might go forward to successes greater (han 
it has ever known. Our earnest prayer is that God will 
give us grace to prove ourselves worthy of the confidence 
and friendship bestowed, and that, as we go forward into 
tht new year, great things may be done in his name. 
Dec. 30. Chas. W. Ronk, Pastor. 

In the evening of Thanksgiving Day we joined in a 
union meeting with the other Protestant churches. Our 
pastor, Bro. Ralph G. Rarick, delivered the address on 
the theme, "The Abounding Life in Thanksgiving." Rro. 
Rarick meets with the other ministers once each month, 
in the interest of those things which our churches "hold 
in common. We are indeed grateful for the fact that the 
other three pastors here (Methodist, Presbyterian and Nor- 
wegian Lutheran) are so much on a plane with us, in op- 
position to tobacco, the dance, the moving picture show 
and kindred evils of the day. 

We are endeavoring to give proper emphasis to the 
social side of church work. Occasionally social meetings 
help us much to this end. Our last gathering was held 
at the parsonage, directed by our Sisters' Aid Society. 
Part of the time was spent in a special prayer service 
for a sick sister in the hospital. 

A register has been prepared and put up in the church, 
and thus our people know just who our members arc 
and what the work is that is assigned to them. The 
register is arranged in two tables. Under membership 
appear the names of all our members, by families, alpha- 
betically. Under organization we have the various de- 
partments of church work and the names of those ap- 
pointed to serve in each department. It is something wc 
thought out and made for ourselves, and we think some- 
thing of this kind could well be used in all our churches. 
It is much in line with business to keep these facts of 
our church before us, and this, is what such a register 
does. We have now one hundred members. 

Along with our interest in an increase of names, wc 
ar eager for a strengthening of sur spirituality. 

We feel that we have been very fortunate in securing 
a man with the ability such as Bro. Rarick possesses, and 
the interest he has shown in building up the church at 
this place. In addition to our announcements, Bro. Rar- 
ick makes a religious contribution every week to our 
local newspaper. 

Eld S. C. Miller, of Roseville, 111., preached both morn- 
ing and evening Dec. 19. Last Sundaj Eld. C. C. Cripe, 
who resides here, brought us the Christmas sermon on the 
theme of " Crowded Out." Sunday night we gave our 
Christmas program to a crowded church. Considerable 
preparation had been made for this event and as a result 
it proved to be a success. A clock was the gift to the 
church bv the pastor and wife. At the close of this meet- 
ing an offering of $60 was lifted for the Chinese sufferers. 
Mrs. O. W. Henderson. 

of Bro. Ebey they are continuing Sunday-school each Sun- 
day and midweek prayer meeting in his home. Bro. Paul 
H. Coover and the writer had the privilege of attending 
the Christmas program, given largely by the children, 
which was very good. About forty-five were in attendance. 
We have learned recently that others are planning to 
make Pontiac their home. m 

The official board of the Detroit church chose Brethren 
Paul H. Coover and I. M. Eikenberry to assist in the 
Pontiac mission work. They have a wonderful oppor- 
tunity of founding a church in Pontine, as there are no 
churches of any denomination near where the services are 
held at present. 

The officers elected for the ensuing year were as fol- 
lows: Elder, Bro. C. L. Wilkins; pastor, Bro. John F. 
Dietz; church secretary, Bro. H. L. Fahrney; church cor- 
respondent, Rro. G. L. Ohmart; three-year trustee, the 
writer; American Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. John 
P. Guthrie; Chinese superintendent, the writer; president 
nf Christian Workers' Society, G. R. Dietz, 

All departments of our church work have grown won- 
derfully during the past year. Bro. H. E. Wagner, who 
has been president of the ChristTan Workers' Society, 
reports a gain of 22 per cent in attendance over 1919. 

The primary and junior departments of the Sunday- 
school gave an excellent program for Christmas, entitled: 
"The King and Queen of Christmas." The Young Mar- 
ried People's Class, taught by Bro. H. L. Fahrney, gave 
a splendid cantata, " Prince of Israel," led by Bro. Web- 
ster Blough. Eld. Bowser, who, with his wife, was visit- 
ing their daughter, preached the Christmas sermon, 

We are glad, at all times, to learn of members or friends 
who are living here in the city. We will do all wc can 
to interest them if we have their names and addresses. 
The new address of the church is 3523 Cadillac Avenue, 
near Mack Avenue. M. B. Williams. 

4247 Hurlbut Avenue. Detroit. Mich, 


At a meeting, which we held in November, the general 
outlines of the next Annual Conference program were 
triven form. There will he no great departure from the 
general procedure of the past. 

The various Boards and Committees arc requested to 
furnish us, at an early date, with the outline of the part 
of the program which they wish for their several depart- 
ments. Already wc have heard from some Boards. 

In this, our great year of evangelism, prospects were 
never brighter nor more hopeful for the Church of the 
Brethren. Let us pray for our coming Conference, that 
it may be used of God for a great spiritual outpouring of 
power for service. W. O. Beckner. 

McPherson, Kans. 


" Write what tliou 


At the beginning of the year, that is now drawing so 
rapidly to a close, the writer accepted pastoral charge of 
the church here. Twin Falls is the third largest city in 
the State, located in the most fertile section of Idaho. 

We found the house of worship was being remodeled 
to meet the growing needs of a field that had been suffer- 
ing greatly because of the lack of religious influence. 
Immediately the attendance at all services began to in- 
crease. Though the growth has hcen slow, we trust that 
by prayerful, persistent effort the influence for Christ may 
go forward with a zeal that will bring joy to many away 
from him. 

The work of 1920 is completed. Our church member- 
ship has grown to approximately one hundred members. 
A few of our members have left Detroit temporarily, as a 
number of the factories are practically at a standstill at 
present Big business men claim we are going to have 
a favorable and prosperous year during 1921. By teach- 
ing the service of giving, and instituting the Forward 
Movement program, our finances have increased wonder- 
fully. The program gives us a goal toward which to 

""Sec 4 a good representation of the membership was 
present at the last quarterly council of the year. Bro. 
C L Wilkins. our elder, presided, assisted by our pastor. 
Bro John F. Dietz. Bro. Dietz had a large program out- 
lined for the evening. Besides discussing our own local 
needs and plans for the future, the Pontiac work was con- 
sidered at length. The members live somewhat scattered 
and thev have been unable, so far, to locate a permanent 
building suitable for their needs. Through the generosity 


Bro. E. H. Eby left Bulsar Nov. 29 for Vali, where he 
is engaged in Institute work for ten days. From Nov. 
26 to 28 he assisted in Institute work at Vyara. Bro. Gov- 
indji Khengar will have charge of the examination of 
the Bible students Dec. 6 and 7. at Bulsar. That will 
close the third vcar of Bible School work. The students 
will spend two weeks touring in the East— Jalalpor and 
Bulsar areas— before the Christmas holidays. 

Sisters Anetta Mow and Elizabeth Kintner passed the 
First Standard Gujarati examination for missionaries in 
November. Bro. Q. A. Holsopple and Eliza B. Miller 
were the examiners. Bro. H. L. Alley appeared for Second 
Standard Marathi examination in Bombay last month. 
He reports that about fifty candidates appeared for the 
examination in both the Lower and Higher Standards. 
A number of missions have received quite a large increase 
of new missionaries since the close of the war. 

Bro. Ross received a telegram Dec. 1, stating that 
Brother and Sister J. M. Blough are expected to land in 
Bombay Dee. 3. They are reaching India several weeks be- 
fore the missionaries here were expecting them, for which 
we praise the Lordl After spending a short time at Bulsar. 
they will go to Vyara, where they have been located for s 

,h Fr C „t; E rec C :„'. letter by Bro. Williams, his party does 
not expect to get sailing from Hong Kong "nflaboi. 
Dee. 12. One of the Brethren-likely Bro. Ros -will 
meet them at Colombo, from which place they will pro- 
ved by land through Southern India, visiting a number 
of missions before coming to our own mission. Some of 
,he oldest, largest and more experienced missions of this 
country are in South India, and to visit them on the way 
north, will save making a return trip. - 

This month the children are returning from the hills 
Sister Sadie I. Miller, with .he children that were under 
her care will reach home Dec. 3. Sister Emma Eby, 
,ih the boys, will no, reach Bulsar until the 21s, o his 
month. Bro and Sister Adam Ebey and daughter, Leah 
are h re from the Dangs. to meet Loi. when she comes 
Bro F.lcv finds that the Dangs agrees with i him; ,. has 
been a year since he has been away from his field of labor_ 
The parents will be glad indeed to welcome their loved 
(Continued on Page 46) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 37) 

Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Ketring, church clerk; Sister 
Blough, "Messenger" agent; the writer, church correspondent. Bro, 
Blough was chosen to give us .-< series of meetings some time in 
August, with the privilege of calling some brother to assist him if 
he wishes it. One letter was* granled. Sister Blough's primary 
class rendered a short program the Sunday after Christmas.— Mrs. 
W. H. Ketring, Mulberry Grove, III., Dec. 27. 

Liberty church met in council Dec. 18, with our pastor, Bro. Robert 
Stinnette, presiding. Eld. I. D, Heckman being unable to meet with 
us. Our church and Christian Workers' officers were chosen for 
1921, our young people being selected in a majority of cases. Most 
all ol our young people are either teaching school or arc in school. 
which makes our church attendance rather small. Our pastor has 
decided to stay with us another ycttr. Be ami his wile are doing 
good work among us. — Anna Campbell, Liberty. 111., Dec. 20. 

Virdcn.— The Christmas season brought a rare treat to the Virdcn 
church, We had the privilege of having with us Bro. Wilbur St Over 
and his entire family. Bro. Stover gave us two masterful addresses 
concerning the work in India. Several numbers of beautiful music 
v i ri ri ndercd by different members of the family. Sister Stover 
gave us a most interesting account of " How We Spend Christmas in 
India." Our vision of God's call to service has been enlarged and 
we feel we owe more to him who came to bring " pe^ct on earth, 
ill lo men. "-Stella Brubaker, Virdcn, 111., Dec. 28. 

Waddnms Grove.— We held our quarterly council Dec. 28, with 
i Eld. John Heckman presiding. Bro. Jesse Hclrick and Sister Blanche 
>T. ( ,t.r > wen- elected Sunday-school superintendents; Virgie Hctrick 
and Stella Starr. Christian Workers' presidents. Three certificates 
were granted. Brother and Sister Clark Myers will attend Bethany 
Bible Sfhool. it, prepare themselves more fully for the ministry. Bro. 
W. i' Wagner, ol Lenox, Iowa/ who was chosen as pastor for one 
year, is now here. A Christmas program was given, after which a 
collection of $38 was taken; $36 was also given at Thanksgiving for 
Hm Chinese sufferers.— Albert Myers, Waddams Grove, III., Dec. 30; 


A Golden Wedding was celebrated at the home of Brother and 
Sister Geo. Stickler, when forty of their friends gathered at their 
home, Markle. Ind., Jan. 1. They were married in 1871. Sister 
Stickler lias been faithful to her church for forty-five years. Bro. 
Slicklcr has been a member for eleven years, They are the parents 
of four sons and two daughters. The afternoon was spent in a social 
way.— B. D. Kerlin. Markle. Ind.. Jan. 4. 

Arcadia church met in council Jan. 1. Eld. Win. Burcham, of 
Nobhsvillc. Ind , was with us; Officers (or the ensuing year were 
chosen: G, F, Wagoner, elder in charge; James E. SmclUcr, clerk; 
the writer, correspondent. Ministerial and Missionary Committees 
were apiiuinled, Our Sunday-school was reorganized at a former 
meeting, with Sister Zeruah Hill, superintendent. Christmas ex- 
ercises were held Dec. 24, when an offering of $11.34 was taken for 
the Chinese famine relief. We expect Bro. Wm. L. Hatcher, of 
Rossville. Ind., lo begin a series of meetings Jan. 9.— Sarah Kinder, 
Arcadia. Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Bachelor Run.— Dec. 26 we closed a Bible Institute, conducted by 
Bro. Nicodemus, of North Manchester. The attendance was good, 
and splendid interest was shown. Bro. Nicodemus conducted the 
installation services for the teachers and officers of the Sunday- 
school.-Beth Kintner, Flora, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Blue River church met in council Dec. 28, with Eld. Walter Swihart 
presiding. Officers were elected for the year, with Bro. Swihart, 
elder in charge; Omar Zumbrun. Sunday-school superintendent; Sis- 
ter Delia Hire, secretary; Bro. Evcret Chapman, Christian Workers* 
Dec. i: Bro. S. J. Burger and wife began a scries of 
meetings, but continued only one week because of weather condi- 
tions. They will be with us again in May. Our offering for the 
Chines famine relief amounted to $31.50.— Laura Frick, Churubusco 
Ind., Dec 31. 

Camp Creek church met in council Dec. 29. with Eld. Christian 
Metsler presiding. Five letters were granted. Officers for the fol- 
lowing year were elected: Bro. Metzlcr, elder; Bro. R. H. Barnhart 
Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Geo. Rummcl, Christian Workers' 
president; church correspondent. Sister Ruth Shively. Dec. 26 a 
collection of $29 was taken for the famine sufferers in China. Dec. S 
Bro. Mcdford Ncher, of Chicago, gave us two illustrated talks on 
the Life of Christ, whieh were much appreciated. The Mission Baud 
of Manchester College gave us two splendid programs and Bro. John' 
L. Hoff preached on Sunday, Nov. 7.— Laura Harlcv Etna Greer. 
Ind.. Dec. 29. 

Cedar Lake church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. John Urcy 
presiding. Sunday-school officers were elected, with Bro. Russell 
Sherman, superintendent. Our Teacher-training Class has taken 
its second examination and is getting along nicely. Bro. Virgil 
i_. I'modl came lure Dec. 13 and gave us three lectures.— Essie Ober. 
Corunna, Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Elkhart Valley church held her council Jan. 1. Four letters were 
granted. A special meeting i s to be held March 20. when the Minis- 
ters! Committee will be with us for the purpose of electing a new 
minister and deacon. Bro. Benj. Voder was reappointed "Messenger" 
agent; Sister Florence Brumbaugh, correspondent; Bro. Wesley Pris- 
er. Christian Workers' prtsident; Bro. Melvin Kulp. member of the 
Ministerial Committee; Bro. Samuel Bigler, church clerk; Bro Geo 
Swihart. elder. We have sent $167 to the Chinese sufferers'." Our 
series of revival meetings was held during the first two weeks of 
December in charge of Bro. Geo. Swihart, of Roann, Ind.-Madge 
Love. Goshen. Ind., Dec. 31. 

Flora church met in council, with Eld. Gilbert Stinebaugh presiding. 
l K ^"t 5 "^!' 001 'cachers for another year were approved by the 
church. Next Sunday installation services will be held by the pastor 
for all Sunday-school officers and teachers. The Sunday-school Board 
was authored to cooperate with our District Sunday-school Secre- 
tary ,r. arranging for our Vacation Bible School next summer The 
reports of var.ous committees were accepted. At a previous meeting 
the church elected Gilbert Stinebaugh elder for another year We 
had our program on Christmas Eve, with songs and recitations i, v 
the primary and adult classes. Each class responded with White 
Gilte, which consisted of money and different articles for the poor 
in our city the Mexico Home, Hospital at Bethany, and Chinese 
sufferers. We had with us Sister Blanche Kingery. who hopes soon 
Florin". Km 8erVC " 3 " UrSC "' 3 h "P ital -*attie W.Uy. 
^Four Mile church met in council Jan. 1. One letter was granted. 

Ruth Edgeworth correspondent; Isaac Hart. Rose Drulcy and A V 
Musselman. members of the Sunday-school Board. An average of 
pl« t ■ P w r ™ MBb ': r waa r3 '« cd during 1920. We began our Young 
Peoples Meeting Nov. 7. with splendid interest and attendance 

^tin^L^Si^V,, *V :l ' us,ratcd sermons. He expect, to 
continue these illustrated talks throughout the winter months and 
1 show the General Mission Board 

Finnell was with us Dec. 4 and S and gave four inspiring 1, 
a very good Christmas program was rendered Dec. 26. Si 

Virgil C. 
1 from 

planning on taking the month's special term at 
lester College.— Ruth Edgeworth. Liberty, Ind., Jan. 3. 
Landes. church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. D. A. Hummer y 

-■ding. Sunday-school and church officers were elected- Bro n 

ISM ' h ° ^ "■■ P ""'' y - '""<"■ *"■ ° A - M »hi=. M.' P.„™e 
i Crntsinger. locating committee. It an, one cares to change 

charge of the work. Bro. Hoppis talked for us today. As he will 
not be present tonight, he secured our elder, Bro. Lewis, to fill his 
place. An offering was taken on the evening of our entertainment 
lor the Chinese sufferers.— Florida J. E. Green. Middletown. Ind., 
Jan. 2. 

Middletown.— Our Christmas entertainment was well attended. "The 
Uroad and Narrow Way" was presented. All of the Sunday-school 
scholars received a treat. Bro. Moses Smellier was with us last 
Sunday morning. We had no preaching services, but he gave us a 
short talk which we appreciated. He and Bro. Spitzer anointed 
Brother and Sister Miller in the afternoon. They are improving 
■!<>wly.— Florida J. E. Green, Middletown. Ind.. Dec. 31. 

Mississinnewa.— Dec. 26 we reorganized our Sunday-school, with 
Bro. Ira Shoemaker and Sister Amanda Miller, superintendents. 
We have good attendance and interest at our regular services. Two 
'if our organized Sunday-school classes have lately sent donations 
io the Cliinese sufferers. We expect Bro. J. E. Jarboe. of Chicago, 
lo be with us in a scries of meetings the last of January or first of 
February.— Alice E. Miller. Gaston. Ind., Jan. 3. 

North Winona.— Our Sunday-school has been reorganized for the 
coming year, with Bro. Ancil Likens, superintendent. We have ten 
classes, with separate rooms for all, since our churchhouse was re- 
modeled, several years ago. Of these classes, three arc organized 
and chartered, and several others partly organized. Three hold 
regular monthly class meetings, which arc quite helpful in keeping 
up the attendance on Sunday. Our Christian Workers' Society is now 
taking up the study of the Life of Paul. After we have completed 
it, we hope to have the Bible Society of Manchester College present 
the story to us in the form of a pageant.— Bertha M. Ncher, Warsaw, 
Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Pem church met in council Dec. 23. with Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh ' 
presiding. Three letters were received. The following officers were 
elected for the church and Sunday-school: Bro. Clarence Orpurt, 
clerk; Bro. Percy Klcpingcr, Sunday-school superintendent. On 
Christmas evening an interesting program was rendered by the chil- 
dren and young people of the Sunday-school.— Mabel Ncff. Peru, 
Ind., Dec. 30. 

Pleasant View.— Dec. 26 the children and young people of our Sun- 
day-school gave a Christmas program, which was very much appreci- 
ated. A tableau of "The Search of the Shepherds" was very suc- 
cessfully given. An offering was taken for the suffering in China. 
Jan. IS we expect to begin pur series of meetings, in charge of Bro. 
J. Edson Ulery, of Onckama. Mich.— Bertha Snell. South Whitley, 
Ind., Jan. 3. 

Pleasant Valley.— We met in council Dec. 11, with Bro. J. L. Mish- 
ler presiding. Officers were elected for the coming year: the writer, 
church correspondent; Bro. Will Bowman. Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Bro. Ray Kindy. president of Christian Workers' Meeting. 
We expect to hold our revival meetings some time in February, with 
Bro. Edson Ulery in charge.— Mrs. Nora Bowman. Middlebury. Ind., 
Jan. 4. 

Plevna church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Elsworth Weimer 
presiding. Bro. Obed Rife was also with us. Bro. Weimer was chosen 
elder for the coming year. We reorganized our Sunday-school Dec. 
26. with Bro. Farl Kendall as superintendent. Dec. 19 we lifted an 
offering of $35 for the Chinese sufferers.— Tena Smith, Kokomo, Ind. 
Jan. 4. 

Rossville.— Bro. Ezra Flory and wife were with us in a Bible Insti- 
tute, beginning Nov. 24 and closing the following Sunday evening. 
Three sessions a day were held. On Thanksgiving evening Bro 
Flory preached for us. after which an offering was lifted for the 
Chinese sufferers. All these services were very enjoyable. Our 
Sunday-school sent money and provisions to Chicago for the Thanks- 
giving distribution. Nov. 29 and 30 Bro. Batzel, of Everett, Pa., 
preached for us. On Christmas Eve the children and older ones 
rendered an interesting program, observing the White Gift service 
Dec. 28 we met in council, with Eld. W. L. Hatcher in charge. Church 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers for the new year were 
chosen: Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Dennis Hufford; Christian 
Workers' president, Bro. Simon Irish; church clerk, Bro. Dennis 
Hufford;- church correspondent, the writer. Sunday evening ctosed 
Bro. Hatcher's work as our pastor, but he has been chosen by the 
church to serve as elder for one year, so we are hoping to have 
him back with us sometimes. Bro. N. M. Shideler now takes up the 
work as pastor.— Clara Metzger, Rossville, Ind., Dec. 30. 

Turkey Creek.— Dec. 19-23 Bro. Wright, of North Manchester, was 
with us in a Bible Institute. Dec. 24 Bro. D. H. Anglemyer was with 
us. when four deacons were installed. Bro. Roy Fisher was also 
installed to the eldership.— Hazel Brown, Nappanee. Ind.. Jan. 4. 

Union Center.— Our church has just closed a two weeks' revival 
Bro. Russell C. Wenger, of North Manchester, had charge and 
preached nineteen fine Gospel sermons. We feel that our church has 
been much strengthened and inspired. Bro. Wenger is one of the Bible 
teachers of Manchester College and ,on alternate evenings we would 
meet one half hour earlier, when he would conduct very interesting 
Bible classes. People liked the interesting way in which he always 
illustrated his sermons with Bible stories. The song services were 
conducted by Anna Iffert and the writer. We also had services on 
Christmas Day. We took an offering of $284 for Chinese relief. Our 
church was reorganized on New Year's Day. Bro D H '\nglemyer 
was elected elder in charge; Bro. Lee Bigler. clerk; Bro. Homer' 
ueidy, Sunday-school superintendent. It was also decided to send 
$100 to Winona for the new auditorium. We are planning some 
remodeling of our class-rooms.— Geo. W. Anglemyer, Nappanee, Ind., 

Upper Deer Creek church met in council Dec. 4, with Bro Ira 
Kreider presiding. Every one seemed to be in the mood to work and 
a very profitable meeting resulted. Letters were granted to Sisters 
Ida Smith and Lydia Gish. Church officials for the coming year were 
elected, Bro. J. G. Stinebaugh being chosen elder. Sunday-school 
officers were also chosen, with Bro. Geo. R, Murphy, superintendent, 
— E. Mae Burrows, Lincoln. Ind., Jan. S. 

Upper Fall Creek church met in council Dec. 22. Bro. L. L Teeter 
was elected elder for one year. Bro. Louis, of Middletown, was with 
us. Other church and Sunday-school officers were elected. The time 
May 14, at 7:30 P. M.— Rachel E. Dellinger. Mid- 

i Warstler, 


clief. Our i 

mbcrship here 

tend them for their liberality in giving to the Mas- 
ter's cause.-Mrv Marshal Pence, Landess, Ind. Jar .3 
Middletown.-Today we began a new work for 1921. Our Sunday. 

Cour! :l C V:, W " C inS,3,,e c d - ° ur new «P«:nlendent, Sister Andy 
v-oun. wa. not present, so Sister J. A. Leckronc, the assistant, took 

dletown, Ind., Dec. 27. 

Wabash City church met in council Dec. 28, with Bro. Geo. W 
bwinart presiding. Sunday-school and church officers were elected- 
thurch clerk, Bro. Glenn Weimer; "Messenger" agent. Bro. Willard 
Radcl.ff; corresponded, the writer; Sunday-school superintendent 
Bro. Chas. R. Delauter; Christian Workers' president Bro Glenn 
Weimer. Three were received by letter. We are contemplating a 
revival meeting in the spring. We are glad to have with us Bro Roy 
Mishler and wife as our pastor for the coming year. A splendid 
Christmas program was rendered by the Sunday-school and in spite 
of very cold weather we had a full house of interested listeners. The 
work at th.s place has been very encouraging, but we hope to ac- . 
complish more in the coming year.-Lina M. Delauter. Wabash, Ind., 

Walnut.— Our church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. J F Anolc- 
man presiding. Church officers were elected: Bro. Appleman elder 
for another year; Bro. D. R. Rohrer. Sunday. school superintendent 
Bro. J. L. Guthrie, of Lafayette. Ohio, began a series of meetincs 
Dec. 11, continuing unlil Dec. 28. He gave us splendid sermons 
preaching with power. Sister Naomi Swihart. of our home congre' 
gation. led the singing in an interesting and helpful way. One was 
Indian '"'° ChUrCl ' b * bapti9n, - R ! rs - D - «■ Rohrer. Argos. 

West Goshen church met in special council Dec. 22. for the purpose 
o reorganization for 1921 The following are some of the officers 
chosen: Presiding elder. Bro. C. A. Huber; Sunday-school superin- 
An" w ?,' °*» r CrkCy . : C1,riscian Workers' president. Sister 
Anna W arstler; " Messenger agent, Sister Ethel Cripe; correspond- 
ing secretary, S.ster Ethel Hoover. Dec. 4 Bro. Clarence Swihart. of 
Solomons Creek gave a missionary sermon, at which time an oili- 
ng was hfted for World-wide missions. At two different times we 
have taken up collections for the Chinese sufferers. Dec. 18 and 19 
Uro. Neher, of Chicago, gave his three chalk-talks on the life of 

Christ. They were very instructive and inspiration: 
Goshen. Ind., Dec. 27. 


Beaver.— Wc met in business session Dec. 13. In the absence of 
our elder, the pastor, Oscar W. Diehl, presided. Bro. Ernest Grove 
was elected Sunday-school superintendent and Bro. Harry Wise, 
president of the Christian Workers' Society. Our Sunday- school has 
organized a Junior Department with Bro, Wm. Shadlc, superintendent. 
Brother and Sister Tinkle gave us a splendid lecture on " The Sacrcd- 
ness of Life," which was appreciated very much. Brother and Sister 
Ulysses Hoeflc came home from Chicago and Bro. Hoefle gave us a 
splendid message on Sunday morning, Dec. 26. They have taken 
up the pastoral work in the Garrison church.— Mrs. Zona Diehl. 
Beaver. Iowa, Jan. 4. 

Cedar Rapids.— At our business meeting, in October, wc elected all 
officers for Sunday-school, church and Christian Workers' Meeting: 
S. W. Garbcr, elder (he is also entering on his pastoral work for 
another year); the writer, superintendent of Sunday-school, church 
clerk and correspondent; Bro. Oscar Long, president of Christian 
Workers' Meeting. A special Thanksgiving offering of $101.20 was 
taken for China's starving. We held our love feast Dec. 12. Our 
number was not large but wc had a very inspiring and helpful serv- 
ice. A number from Robins were with us. among them D. W. Miller, 
who officiated. Dec. 19 we were favored with the presence of Emma 
Horning, of China. She is our representative from this Sunday- 
school. We were glad to renew our acquaintance with her after an 
absence of seven years. She gave us two splendid addresses, rcgard- 
, ing the work in China, and gave us new inspiration. Dec. 26 the 
Sunday-school rendered a fine Christmas program. The primary 
and junior classes made an offering for China's starving children 
in their White Gifts, amounting to $33.56.— D. Elmer Miller. Cedar 
Rapids, Iowa, Jan. 2. 

Garrison church met on Thanksgiving morning. Bro. Frank Ed- 
mistcr led in services of praise and thanksgiving. The following 
Sunday an offering was lifted for the Chinese sufferers and our home 
poor fund. Several days prior to the services we sent food and cloth- 
ing to a mission in Chicago. Dec. 14 Bro. Wm. Tinkle and wife 
gave an illustrated lecture on "Purity of Life." Our council was 
held Dec. 18. with Bro. Harvey Gnagy in charge. The church and 
Sunday-school officers were chosen. Bro. Gnagy having moved from 
this church District, resigned as elder, and Bro. Frank Edmister was 
elected. Letters were granted to Bro. Gnagy and family. We miss 
them as faithful workers in our church and Sunday-school. D. C. 
Gnagy was reelected church clerk; Bruce Bohrer, Sunday-school 
superintendent; the writer, correspondent. Our Sunday-school had a 
Christmas program Dec. 26 and decided to send an offering to famine- 
stricken China. We secured Bro. Ulysses Hoeflc as pastor. He and 
his wife came to Garrison Jan. 1 and we are glad to have them with 
us.— Mrs. Bruce Bohrer. Garrison, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Greene church enjoyed a very good Christmas program Dec. 
26. rendered by the Sunday-school. Each teacher presented the 
offering from his class, which amounted to $65.75, to go to the Chinese 
sufferers. The Intermediate Class of girls, with the assistance of 
their teacher, Sister Eva Kingery, made a comforter, valued at $6, 
which was sent to the Douglas Park Mission. Chicago. The Sisters' 
Aid Society sent a box of clothing valued at $65 to the Douglas and 
Hasting Street Missions, in Chicago, for Christmas. Our attendance, 
Jan. 2, in Sunday-school was ninety-one. Our pastor is giving us 
good, practical sermons. Last evening a Junior Christian Workers' 
Society was organized under the direction of the pastor. Bro. 
Nickey also has charge of a class of young people, on Sunday after- 
noon, who are studying the book, Doctrine and Devotion. A very 
helpful and interesting prayer meeting is being kept up each Wednes- 
day evening at the parsonage. During the year $21.40 was received 
through the Home Department of the Sunday-school. This depart- 
ment is self-supporting and all surplus goes for missions. They 
also gave $6 of this for the Chinese sufferers.— Elsie A. Pyle, Greene. 
Iowa. Jan. 3 V 

Grundy County.— Bro. Chas. Bonsack was with us Oct. 10. Dec. 5 
Bro. John Heckman, of Polo, III., was with us over Sunday. We had 
services on Thanksgiving Day and an offering for the Chinese famine 
relief was taken. The appeal was again taken up by the Sunday- 
school in the Christmas program, each class bringing an offering. 
The Cradle Roll, Aid Society and Home Department responded too, so 
that altogether the amount reaches nearly $1,000. On account of the 
m,i,ls and weather it was thought best to defer Sister Manges' pro- 
posed singing class. Dec. 22 at our business meeting one letter was 
granted. A committee on local improvement was chosen, also one 
for the social life of the community. Jan. 15-17 we expect Bro. 
Wieand, of Chicago, to be with us in a three days' Bible Term.— 
Hannah C. Messer, Grundy Center, Iowa, Dec. 28. 

Indian Creek church met in regular business session Dec. 20, with 
Eld. I. W. Brubaker presiding. He was chosen elder for 1921. Dec. 
21 we elected our Sunday-school officers, with Bro. Sanford Goodin, 
superintendent.— Mrs. P. H. Enfield, Maxwell, Iowa, Jan. 3. 

Iowa River church met in council Dec. II, with Eld. Frank Wheeler 
presiding. Officers for the coming year, for Sunday-school, were 
elected, with Earl Jarboe, superintendent. Two letters were granted. 
We have just installed a new furnace in the church and will paper 
the church as soon as possible. Wc sent an offering to the Armenian 
sufferers; also did some missionary work among the people in our 
own community.— Susie Kinzie. Marshalltown, Iowa, Dec. 31. 

Kingsley church met in council Dec. 29, with Eld. H. H. Wingert 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected, with Bro. 
Dewey Van Orsdel. Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Frank Leh- 
man, "Messenger" agent; Sister S. S. Neher, church correspondent; 
the writer, chairman of the Christian Workers' Society. A Thanks- 
giving offering of nearly $140 was lifted for the Chinese famine suffer- 
ers. At a recent meeting of the Sisters' Aid Society officers were 
elected for the year, with Sister H. Wingert, president. They also 
decided to give $30 to the Chinese sufferers.— Edith Lehman, Kingsley.' 
Iowa, Jan. 2". * 

Spring Creek church met in council, with Eld. Harvey Gilliam pre- 
siding. Church and Sunday-school officers were chosen, with Bro. 
Geo. Long, superintendent; Sister Alva Whitnable, church clerk; the 
writer, " Messenger " agent and correspondent; Sister Angeline Sharp. 
president of the Christian Workers' Society. The birthday offerings, 
amounting to $17, were sent to the China Hospital. The Sunday-school 
gave a good Christmas program Dec. 24.— Mrs. Fannie Long, Fred- 
ericksburg, Iowa, Jan. 3. 


Appanoose.— Dec. 14 Sister Cora Stahley, of Indiana, came to spend 
a week with us in a Music Institute. Her work was not only instruc- 
tive but inspirational. The history and various intafestiug incidents, 
connected with the songs, made them mean more to us. Last week 
we had the privilege of hearing three splendid lectures by Bro. W. O. 
Beckner, of McPhersou. Dec. 26 wc enjoyed a good sermon by Bro. 
Crawford Brubaker, of McPherson College.— Cordelia B. Beckner, 
Overbrook, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Frodonia church met in council Dec. 18. with Bro. Reed presiding. 
All church officers for the coming year were elected, including Bro. 
Ralph Quakenbush. pastor and elder. Sunday-school officers were 
chosen the week following. A Thanksgiving offering of $23 was sent 
for the Chinese famine sufferers Also several donations were sent 
to Chicago for the poor and needy.— Mrs. W. H. Sell, Fn-donia, Kvins 
Dec. 29. 

Independence.— Since our last report two have been baptized and 
one restored. Three were received by letter. Dec. 19 Bro. J. B. 
Denny preached for us. Our Christmas program was rendered Dec. 
26. Last Sunday morning we had an interesting Sunday -school, with 
an alU-ndnncc of 114. Afterwards Eld. L. G. Templcton, r,f the Osage 
church, talked to the junior classes. His talk was interesting lo the 
older ones as well. Following Ihis service one of the junior girls 
came forward. In the afternoon we met in council, Elders D. P. 
Neher and L. G. Templcton being called here to assist in si.rnc work. 
Bro. G. W. Holmes and wife wen- ordained to the eldership and Bro. 
Chas. A. Cline and wife were installed into the ministry. Church, 
Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers will be elected at our 
next council in April. There is now a committee to look after the 
needs of the young people, of which Bro. Holmes is chairman. In the 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


evening, atter Christian Workers' Meeting, Eld. D. P. Neher delivered 
an able sermon on the subject, " The Two Rival Spirit*." Two came 
iorward, one to be restored and one (or baptism. We arc to hold a 
revival meeting this spring, Eld. W. H. Miller to have charge, as- 
sisted by the other home ministers.— Pclla Carson, Independence, 
Kans., Jan. 3. 

Paint Creek church met in council Dee. JO. Bro. D. P. Neher was 
with us and Bro. J. A. Strohm presided. The latter was retained as 
our elder lor another year. As Bro. Dadisman and family of Kenedy, 
Texas, have moved into our midst, we believe the work here will 
take on new interest. Wc will now have preaching twice each Sun- 
day. One was received by letter. Bro. Dadisman was chosen Sunday- 
school superintendent; Myr! Strohm, Christian Workers' president.— 
Minerva Strohm, Redlield. Kans.. Dec. 31. 

Rock Creek church met in council Dec. 16. Officers were elected, 
with Bro. T. M. Bailey, Sunday-school superintendent. Dec. 23 we 
gave a Christmas cantata, in which about fifty people took part. 
Dr. Kurtz, of Mcpherson, was to have lectured for us Jan. 1. but the 
' lecture was postponed because of bad roads. After May 1 this church - 
will be without a pastor. Any minister who would like to locate 
in a rural community, where there is a well-arranged churchhousc 
and a good parsonage, and where there is a good field for work, 
should write T. M. Bailey at Sabctha. Kans.— II. D. Bowman. Sa- 
' betha, Kans., Jan. 4. 

Sabetha.— Dec. 26 Dr. Kurtz, of McPherson, delivered our Christmas 
sermon, which was very inspiring and interesting. In the evening he 
delivered his lecture on " The Needs of the Orient." Dr. Kurtz re- 
cently returned from the World's Sunday-school Convention in 
Japan and told us a stirring story of the Orient and its people. Bro. 
Beckncr, of McPherson, was' with us Thanksgiving Day and de- 
livered a sermon which was very inspiring, after which an offering 
was taken for the suffering in China. On Christmas Eve the young 
people of the Sunday-school rendered an interesting program.— Mrs. 
John Hcikes, Sabctha, Kans.. Dec. 23. 

Salem Community.— Wc met in council Dec. 4. The following oE- x 
licers were elected for the year: Elder, W. A. Kiniie; clerk, Clarence 
Ditgcn; "Messenger" correspondent. Hazel Slifcr; Sunday-school 
superinteiident^ipjiin Lolling. The third number of our lecture course 
was given Dec. 17 by the Wiufield Ladies' Quartette and reader. 
Two have been received into the church by baptism since the last 
report— Mrs. Margrct E. Lolling, Nickerson, Kans., Dec. 22. 


Long Green Valley— On Thanksgiving m 
Blue Ridge College, preached for us. An offt 
for the Chinese sufferers. At the same ti 
ccived for our Old Folks' Home at San Mar. 
with us Dec. 5 in the interest of the Vacatii 
one was received into the church by baptism. 

was lifted (or famine relief.— Bertha L. Ncuhauser, Gittings, Md., 
Dec. 31. 

Sams Creek congregation met in annual business council Dec. 16. 
with Eld. A. P. Snader presiding. The following officers were elected: 
A. P. Snader. elder; S. E. Englar, church clerk; J. M. Wagner, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; C. C. Strine, president of Christian Work- 
ers' Meeting— P. B. Wagner, New Windsor, Md., Jan. 3. 

Union Bridge.— The work at this place is growing. We greatly 
appreciate the assistance of Bro. Jos. Bowman and son, Berkley, 
ministers, who moved in our midst this year. We reorganized our 
Sunday- school, with Bro. Frank Shriver, superintendent. The writer 
has been elected president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. Our 
Sunday-school contributed $75 to furnish a room in the Boys' Dor- 
mitory at Blue Ridge College. At Thanksgiving we sent a donation 
of canned and dried fruit to the Old Folks' Home at San ajar. We 
sent an offering of $68 for the China famine and $60 for \he Near 
East Relief. Due. 23 Bro. Earl W. Flohr, Regional Director of Chris- 
tian Education for our State, gave -us a talk about training church 
and Sunday-school workers; also the need of a Vacation Bible 
School— Carrie L. Garner, Union Bridge, Md., Dec. 31. 


n council Jan. 1, with Eld. J. Edson Ulery 
ning to make some improvements on our 
r the holidays we held a very_ interest! 
nth Bro. Ulery as instructor. 

; again. Our iiichiIkts are all loyal to the church and have 
stand to stay by die principles laid down m the liospel for 
d order in the church.— Miss Merle Stouder, Cherry Box. 

Mo., Jan. 2. 

South Warrcnsburg cliurt 
Mohlcr presiding. Church 
with Bro. C. A. Baile, super 
sufferers was $44.80.-Mrs. 1 

•ruing Bro. Miller, 
ring of $31.62 was lif 
lie donations were 
Bro. Earl M. Flohr i 
n Bible School. Dec 
On Dec. 26 a 

met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. Jesse 
,nd Sunday-school officers were elected, 
ateuderit. Our collection for the Chinese 
. M, Nelson. Warrcnsburg, Mo., Dec. 31. 


Lincoln.— At our December council officers for the coming year 
were elected: D. G. Couser, elder; J. S. Gabel, Sunday-school super- 
intendent; Sister Susan Roclolsz, church clerk; Sister Josephine 
Couser, correspondent; Sister Treadwcll, *• Messenger " agent. Three 
letters were granted and three received. An offering of $40 was 
raised for suffering China. A Christinas program was rendered and a 
treat for the young people was given out on Christmas Eve. Bro, 
J. R. Smith is to be our pastor for the coming year. Bro. D. G. 
Couser gave us a message on Sunday evening, Dec, 26.— Josephine 
Couser, Lincoln, Ncbr., Dec. 31. 


Clovis.— Our regular council was held Dec. 28, when officers were 
elected: Elder, Bro. S. E. Thompson; Sunday- school superintendents, 
Bro. Baker and A. J. Rodes; Christian Workers' president, Bro. 
Baker; " Messenger " agent, Marie Thompson; church clerk and 
• Messenger " correspondent, Minnie B. Rodes. Dec. 26 the Sunday- 
school rendered a program, using the White Gift service. The Cradle 
Department presented its offering in a white cradle. All classes 
and individuals gave cash, amounting to $S0, to be sent to the relief 
of China. We have arranged a series of meetings in the near future 
to be held by the pastor— Minnie B. Rodes, Clovis, N. Mcx., Dec. 29. 


Fraternity.— Bro. J. F. Britton*. ot Vienna, Va., began a series of 
meetings Nov. 14. He preached eleven strong Gospel sermons, which 
were much appreciated and enjoyed by all who heard him. Owing to 
the unfavorable weather, the congregation was not so large at all the 
meetings. Two were added to the church. Dec. 11 we met in council. 
Instead of electing one of our elders to have charge of all the work, 
they will cooperate with each other. Bro. J. P. Robertson is the 
Sunday-school superintendent. Two letters were granted. Wc set 
apart Dec. 26 for a special collection for Bro. E. C. Woodie, to help 
him in his school work at Daleville, Va. Wc also appointed a com- 
mittee to solicit funds for the Near East Relief.— J. P. Robertson, 
Winston-Salem, N. C, Dec. 22. 

Hi mpporl "i our student missionary. Sister Evelyn Horn, when 
ready foi the field. Uur Missionary Com mi I ice .ire Sisters Arthur 
Thompson and J. F. Shridcr. Our Temperance and Purity Committee 
are Brethren Q. E. Horn and J. W. Fink. Bro. C. H. Deardorff was 
with us the week oi Thanksgiving and gave us ten inspiring sermons, 
which created new life and vigor in all who heard him. Eld. G. S. 
Strausbaugh was with us over Dec. 19 aud gave us two line sermons. 
His presence and sermons arc always an inspiration for good. Sister 
Zuma lice stand, our District Sunday-school Secretary, was with us 
over Nov. 20, giving us two helpful talks and encouraging us in the 
work here. Others who have been with us recently arc A. I. Hcc- 
stond, I has. Kurtz and J. 1\ Kahler. An offering of $74.72 was lifted 
Dec. 19 (or Chinese famine iund,— Mrs. J. P. Shridcr, South Zanes- 
villc, Ohio, Dec. 28. 

Harris Creek church met in council Dec. S, with Eld. Chas. Fiery 
as moderator. Bro, John Eikcnberry was elected Sunday-school su- 
perintendent; Sister Martlta Smith, "Messenger" agent; the writer, 
church correspondent; Bro. Chas. Flory, elder for another year. Dec. 
S Bro. D. R. McFaddcn, of Smithvillc, Ohio, began a revival. He 
remained with us till Dec. 21, preaching the Word with power. Twen- 
ty-seven accepted Christ. Wc sent $106 for the sufferers in China.— 
Mrs. H. R. Hoover, Bradford, Ohio, Dec. M. 

Rush Crook church met in council in Bremen Dec. 29, with the 
pastor, K. R. Hatton, presiding. We elected officers for the ensuing 
year; Church clerk, Percy T. Beery; trustee, Noah Beery; "Mes- 
senger" ageut and correspondent, Mrs, Levi Stoner; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Daniel Beery. Nov. 6 wc enjoyed a very spiritual 
feast, ;ii which Bro. A. W. Oran, of Clayton. Ohio, officiated. The 
Live Wire Sunday-school class has completed a room in the base- 
ment of the church, which is quite a help. The school gave a Christ- 



villi Eld. B. F. Petry i 


Brumbaugh church met in council Dec. 30, 

. John Di 

Bro. M. L. Huffman, assistant. Bro 
Sunday -school superintendent; Lester 
Workers. On Thanksgiving Day Br 
interesting discourse, after which ai 
tlic suffering in China. On Chi 

Three letters were 
:lder (or the ensuing year, with 

Geo. C. Deardorff was elected 
Huffman, president of Christian 
i. M. L. Huffman delivered an 

offering of $11 was lifted for 
i Bro. Huffman deli 

Onckama church met 
presiding. Wc are pi; 
church building. Duri 
session of Bible Study, 
especially enjoyed the study. 
The History of the Old Tes 
of the Church, and The Ephe< 
sacred music. Every one 
take up the work of the tie 
Bro. W. R. Millci 

i Chris ti 

>n Christ 

the Ne; 


The children 
Some of the subjects discussed were: 
imcnt, The Life of Jesus, The History 
ans. Some time was spent in practicing 
•ho attended feels better prepared to 
/ year. The illustrated lectures which 
c increasing in interest. Our Christmas 
mas Eve. An offering of $40 was taken 
ir East.— Grace Deal, Onekama. Mich., 

:o. C. A. 

e S 


n was 



as the 




—Our Bible Institute was held Dec. 26 to 31, \ 

Wright, of North Manchester, Ind., instructor. Five session) 
were held. Bro. Wright instructed us on " The Work of the Si 
school," " Teachings of Jesus," " The Parables." One s> 
spent each evening in vocal music. He also conducted a 
meeting each evening, which interested the children as < 
older ones. The weather was fine, and the attendance w 
and large, with good attention. Bro, Wright, with wondc 
board illustrations, opened the Scriptures for both young 
understand, and made every one feel that the Bitye is the 
derful Book of all. The members feel tnat there never wa 
meeting held here— Neva Martindale, Prescott, Mich., Jan. z. 


Root River church met in council Dec. 10. Owing to the absence 
of Bro Blough. Bro. Cox presided. Officers for 1921 were elected as 
follows: Bro. R. H. Cox, elder; Bro. E. W. Thatcher, clerk. Sister 
Viola E. Cox. correspondent; Bro. E. W. Thatcher Sunday-school 
superintendent. Bro. J. A. Eddy, of Worthing!* 
series of meetings Dec. 12, but owi 
found it necessaryjo discontinue 
However, those of us, who 

i bad ' 

itted to 

nth much pleasure and profit.— V 

began a 
.-r and roads, we 
r the first week. 
tend, heard Bro. 
E. Cox, Preston, 


Adrian church met in council Dec. 31. The following officers were 
chosen- Elder, I. V. Enos; clerk, E. J. Wagner; Sunday-school su- 
perintendent. K. Landas; Christian Workers' president. Delia Enos.— 
Cora Lentz Hope, Adrian, Mo,. Jan. 4, 

Carthage.— The church met in council Jan. 1. Some changes were 
made in Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers. One church 
certificate was granted. During the past quarter a pleasing increase 
:e at church services and also in 
some sickness, hut no deaths, since 
mbers. The Joplin churchhousc is 
advent of some lively worker to take 
hance to do good there.— J. L. Switzer, Cartcrville, 




in attenda 

Sunday- s 

chool. Tf 

ere has beer 



report, a 

nong the n* 


idle, awa 

ting the ad 

hold. Thei 
Mo., Jan. 4. 

First Church of Kansas City.— Wc me 
Jesse D. Mohlcr presiding. We reorgan 
year. Our Sunday-school held a very 
day evening before Christmas. The t 
presented the White Gift service, whi 
fruit and money. The fruit 
children, located in this cit: 
the Chinese suffers: 

i council Dec. 2, with Bro. 

1 our work for the coming 

.-resting program Wedncs- 

ling part of the program 

all brought their gifts of 

iven to the Mercy Hospital for 

the money ($21.15) was sent to 

■s have been well attended all 

through the fall and winter, especially by those of the immediate 
community, not only the members but non-members as well. We 
feel greatly encouraged with the outlook for the coming year.— J. A. 
Wyatt. Kansas City, Mo., Jan. 1". 

Shelby County.— Dec. 19 Bro. Perry Williams -gave us two good 
sermons. His themes were ' 

nday-school bought 

ms of the churcl 
' been greatly benefited by geli 
u from God's Word. At the close 

ofthe Institute Bro. Schwalm. 

resolutions formed during the 

cration service followed. Dec. 

Ohio, was with us in prayer meet: 

gestions. Wc have elected officers 

Warstlcr, Sunday-school superintenden 

president of the Christian Workers' So 

with mi 


ork, t 


s program 
school take up theii 
sickness among our 


v offic. 

the first of tht 
members, but we hopi 

of his books, which deal 
The school gave their 

s for church and Sunday- 
year. There is much of 
soon to be able to have 

year ^ 

lifted for the Chinese famine n 
, Ohio, Dec. 29. 
Sugar Hill church met in council Dec. 7, \ 
charge. One letter was received and seven were granted. Bro. Petry 
was reelected elder lor one year. Sunday-school superintendents for 
the year arc 11. C. Lrbaugh at Toms Run home, and Isaac Bowser 
at Sugar Hill. We held a service on Thanksgiving evening. Bro. 
tlarvey Priscr gave us a very helpful sermon. A collection of over 
$00 was taken (or the Chinese famine sufferers. A program was given 
by the Christian Workers' Society on Christmas evening, after which 
gave a talk. Bro. Schooley 
ig and evening,-— Mary Bowser, 
Deo. 31. 

ces in the basement of our new 
itteudunce for both morning and 
CCI. We much appreciate having a church home oi 
our own. Wc herewith express our thankfulness to the District of 
Northwestern Ohio, and especially the Mission Board, for their 
interest in the work at Toledo, by giving of their means for the 
erection of a church home. We trust the house may soon be 


Bro. Edgar Schooley. 
also preached for us oi 
West Alexandria. Ohio 
Toledo.-We held ou 
church Jan. 2, 1921, w 

Sunday i 


e, after which the children gave a short program. Our Sunday- 
school has been fairly well attended this winter— Mrs. Mertie Dear- 
dorff. Rock Lake, N. Dak., Dec. 30. 

Egeland church met in council Dec. 22, with Eld. M. L. Huffman 
presiding, The Sunday-school was reorganized, with Sister Belle 
Putnam superintendent. Bro. W. W. Deardorff was reelected church 
trustee for three years; Sister Anna Irwin, clerk; the writer. "Mes- 
senger" agent and correspondent. It was decided to leave the Chris- 
tian Workers' organization as it is, lor the coming three months. 
Brother and Sister Roy V. Kahl were appointed to solicit funds to 
pay off the church debt. One member was reclaimed. Bro. M. L. 
Huffman plans to deliver a message once a month. We are in hopes 
of securing a resident pastor before long. Our Sunday-school is 
thriving nicely. Wc plan to use the graded lesson in the younger 
classcs.-Eslic Simon Kahl, Egeland, N. Dak., Dec. 29. 

Kenmaro church met in council Dec. 21, with Bro. Ira Michael pre- 
siding. One letter was granted. Wc elected officers (or the coming 
year: Bro. Ira Michael, elder; Bro. Jacob Schwartz, superintendent of 
Sunday-school; Sister Elsie Larsen, church clerk. Two lettci 
been received since the last report. Wc had planned lor 
program but on account of so much sickness among the members, it 
was dropped.-Cora H, Harris, Kenmare, N. Dak., Dec. 28. 

Zion.— Dec. 22 officers for Sunday-school were elected, with Harvey 
Kensinger, superintendent; superintendent of temperance work, J. J. 
Kensinger; missionary committee, Katie Loucks, Hattie Kennedy and 
Clara Wagonman; Christian Workers' president, Ora Burkhart. The 
Sunday-school appropriated $100 toward our local church expenses. 
Bro. Leandcr Smith, of Miuot, N. Dak., has been earnestly laboring 
at the Cando house for two weeks. Four have been baptized and one 
reclaimed. The meetings closed with a love feast Dec. 23. with Bro. 
Smith officiating. On Christmas Eve the Sunday-school at Zion ren- 
dered a pleasing program. An offering of $16.50 was given for the 
Chinese sufferers. The Aid Society expects to reorganize soon.— 
Mrs. Sarah Newcomer, Zion, N. Dak., Dec. 27. 


Akron church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. A. F. Shriver pre- 
siding, assisted by Elders S. S. Shoemaker and S. J. Hall. Bro. 
Shriver was chosen elder lor another year; Eld. A, H. Miller, pastor; 
Sister Burloit, president of the Mothers' Organization. It was de- 
cided to conduct a Vacation Bible School during 1921. Sisters Emma 
Rohrer, Edna Hane and Vera Hoffman were appointed as a committee 
for same. The church also decided to hold an election for deacons, 
which resulted in the choice of Bro. Floyd Deimer and Bro. L. B. 
Oaks. The latter asked for a little time for consideration, and 
Brother and Sister Deimer were duly installed by the visiting ciders. 
Bro L B Oaks was elected Sunday-school superintendent. Other 
minor officers were also chosen. One letter was read and a number 
were granted. Eld. D. R. McFaddcn is to begin an evangelistic cam- 
paign about March 13. It was decided to hold a love feast at the 
close of the meetings.— G. C. Kaufman, Akron, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Brookville.— We just closed a three weeks' series of meetings, during 
which the church at this place received a wonderful spiritual uplift. 
Bro. I. D. Hcckman came filled with messages for both saint and 
sinner. A large crowd of people came out every night. Thirty- 
seven were added to the church. This makes the membership about 
315 It has been fourteen years, this autumn, since wc purchased 
our location and five years ago this winter we finished our new 
churchhousc, which we all enjoy very much. For the next three 
months we have arranged a lecture course. Sister Satlcy will hold 
a two weeks' singing school, probably in February.— Mrs. Arthur Hay, 
Brookville, Ohio. Dec. 31. 

Fostoria.— We have enjoyed a rich spiritual (cast recently. Bro. 
V. F. Schwalm, of Manchester College, was with us in a local Bible 
Institute Dec. 27 and 28. He conducted several classes in Bible 
Study in the Gospel of John and also gave some inspiring addresses. 
Local members look part in the program by 
rendering special music. Some problems of the church 
cussed and wc feel that wc ha\ 
together and receiving instruct! 

called for impressions received and 
meeting. A very impressive conse* 
30 Bro. Chas. Kintner, of Defiance, 
;eting and gave some practical sug- 
rs for the new year, with Bro. J. C. 
and Sister Eva Byerly, 
y. Our offerings for the 
.„. famine fund amounted to $100. We arc enlarging our class- 
room capacity by putting partitions in the gallery and basement 
of the church. Preparations are being made now for our revival 
meetings which will begin Jan. 18, with Bro. J. W. Norris, of North 
Manchester, evangelist.— Florence Sellers, Fostoria, Ohio, Jan. 3. 
Goshen— At our recent council Sunday-school officers for the coming 
lectcd, with Bro. Q. E. Horn, superintendent. Although 
preaching services have been quite irregular 
has kept up well, with an average att 
collection of $2,56. We li 

se thl 

Ohio, Ja 


BartlcsvUlc church met in council Dec. 19. 
of Independence, Kans., presiding. Uro. Jai 
us pustor and elder; Bro. Brugduii, trustee; 1 
school superintendent; Sister Onicr Cilmore, 
•' Messenger " agent; the writer, church 
been baptized since the last report, 
i decided to ll 

i neat sum c 

our Sunday-school 
wenty and average 
, to be used toward 

tilt Bro. W. H. Miller, 
a Hardy was retained 
u. Kay Drake, Sunday- 
iccretaryj Bro. Hardy, 
spoudeul. Three have 
king fourteen since June. It 
the spring, the 

our Brethren. 
will furnish i 
be purchased 
in irrigatiui) 

uounced later. Wc appointed a committee to secure an evangelist 
for 1921. Luncheon was served at the church, which all seemed to 
enjuy, The Sunday-school hour was used lor the Christmas pro- 
gram.— Sophia M. llymer, Bartleaville, Okla., Dec. JO. 

Washita church met in business session Dec. 29, with Eld. Pitzcr 
as chairman. Bro. Pitzer was reelected elder lor another year; Liro. 
John Merkey, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. Frank Howell, 
president ul the Christian Workers' Society; the writer, church cor- 
respondent. The Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program last 
Sunday evening, at which about JOU were present. The Ladies' Aid 
met Dec. 29 with about forty- two present. Sister Harry liertzlcr 
was elected president.— Gladys Pitzer, Coidell, Okla,, Jan. 1. 


Grants Pass.— The writer spent a short time in Grants Pass, Oregon, 
in November. While there, the church was dedicated aud arrange- 
ments made for Sunday-school and church services. There are only 
a few members at present, hut wc think it is a good opening for 
There is a large irrigation ditch being put in, which 
tcr lor much of the surrounding country. Land can 
t a reasonable price at present. Any one interested 
a country where wc have a mild climate, and where 
are favorable tor various kinds oi larmmg, fruit- 
growing, dairying, or poultry- raising would do well to investigate 
around Grants Puss, where they can enjoy church privileges and also 
help in building up a congregation. Brethren desiring to locate in 
Oregon, will do well in looking up the locations of the organized 
congregations and locate so as to both receive aud give help to the 
church work.— II. H. Rilter, Mabel, Oregon, Dec. 30. 

Mabel congregation held a council Dec. 18 to elect church officers 
for 1921. The writer was reelected correspondent and " Messenger " 
agent; Mary E. Rittcr, clerk; Bro. Kcstcr, member on Temperance 
Committee; Sister Laura Adams, superintendent of the Sunday-school; 
Mary E. Rilter. President of the Sisters' Aid. The Sunday-school 
gave $30 to the Near East Relief; the church raised $55 lor the China 
famine relief.— H. H. Fitter, Mabel, Oregon, Dec. 29. 


Carlisle— Bro. Little, oi Hanover. Pa., began a series of meetings 
at Hunlsdale, Pa., Dec. 5, remaining with us two weeks. These 
meetings were well attended by appreciative audiences. Bro. Little 
presented the Word in its purity, and in a forceful manner. Three 
have received baptism. Our Christmas exercises were held Dec. 25. 
Dec. 26 wc took a special collection for suffering China. — A. A. 
Evans, Carlisle, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Concstoga.— Dec. 12 we met in council at the Barcville house. Eld. 
Samuel Hcrtzlcr, of Elizabclhlown, presided. Two certificates were 
granted, and one was received for baptism. Sunday-school officers 
for the Barcville school were elected, with Bro. D. S. Mycr. super- 
intendent. The Aid Sueiely received from the church $32.72 for the 
Bethany Mission in Philadelphia. Wc also sent a box of provisions 
and a bushel ol apples. Dec. 17-19 a Bible Institute was held in the 
Barcville house by Brethren J. G. Mycr and L. W. Lciler, of Eliza- 
bclhlown College. Their messages were instructive and helpful. 
This is the first Institute we bad enjoyed and it was appreciated 
by all. Dec. 26 the Sunday-school rendered a Christmas program. 
The attendance was good, Bro. S. G. Myers, of Fredericksburg, gave 
the address. A collection of $70 was taken for the Near East.— 
Mollic C. Myers, Bareville. Pa., Dec. 31. 

Conewago.— A scries of meetings was held Dec. 12-26. Bro. Nathan 
Eshelman, from the Greentrce District, had charge. The meetings 
were well attended. One confessed Christ. Bro. Hiram Gibble was 
chosen superintendent of the Conewago Sunday- school, and Bro. John 
Boozer for Bachmanville.— Mary Enterlinc. Elizabethtown, Pa., Dec. 27. 

Hanover.— The Teacher- training Class, instructed by Bro. Jacob E. 
Myers, held an exercise Dec. 5, Bro. H. H. Nye, of Elizabethtown 
College, gave the main address. Seven members completed Book 
No. 2 and are ready to start on the third year's course. The Sunday- 
school rendered an excellent Christmas program Dec. 26. It consisted 
of dialogs, songs, recitations and a cantata, "Thine Is the Kingdom." 
Eld. Daniel Bowser, of York, gave a short address.— Mary A. Rhine- 
hart, Hanover, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Hatfield congregation met in council Dee. 18, with Eld. Wm. B. 
Frelz presiding. The work that we had before us necessitated an 
all-day meeting. A splendid church offering was taken in behalf of 
our church expenses. Two letters were granted. Our revival effort 
Will begin Jan. 8 in the Lansdale churchhouse. with Bro. Nathan W. 
Eshelman, evangelist. The election for Sunday-school officers for 
1921 resulted as follows: Hatfield, superintendent, the l 
(Continued on Page 48) 



THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


(Continued from Page 43) 
ones home, after having been separated from them for 

A few weeks ago a Temperance Meeting was held in 
the Bazar — a meeting-place, at Bulsar. Twelve charts had 
been translated from English into Gujarati. These were 
put up and helped to draw a crowd. The people were 
greatly impressed upon learning of the evil effects of 
liquor on the o if spring of both animals and man, how it 
irterferes with the mental and physical development of 
children, shortens life, etc. A leading lawyer, who as- 
sisted in the meeting, asked for some of these charts and 
he has been making speeches against drink ever since, 
in various parts of the county. Other requests have 
come in for charts; also for literature on prohibition in 
America. The movement has spread among the various 
castes of the town and in the villages, many of whom 
have put the ban on drink. A Duble, who was found to 
be drunk in Bulsar, was seized by some two hundred of 
his fellow-caste men, and garlanded with old shoes. Then, 
with the beating of oil-tins, they marched him through 
the bazar. They declared he would have to pay a fine of 
Rs, 5 to be readmitted into caste. Word has reached 
some of the villages that a saheb spoke against drink in 
the bazar. Thinking, from what they have observed of 
the drinking habits of the English, they expressed great 
surprise and wanted to know how it happened that a 
saheb would speak against drink. The explanation was 
made that he is different from others — that he drinks no 
liquor and works for temperance. 

Hearing of the movement against drink, the fishermen 
people, in a village on the coast, agreed among themselves 

the Word and earn his daily bread by some other means. 
It was no uncommon tiling, in those days, for our brother 
to ride twenty miles on horseback to his ten o'clock ap- 
pointment and then to ride back hom« in the afternoon, 
following this arduous work on the Lord's Day with 
another six days of hard manual labor. 

Eld. Witmore was widely known as an evangelist. He 
traveled from Maryland to California, and from Minnesota 
to Texas. In November, 1888, he was sent, with his faith- 
ful wife, as the first Brethren missionary to California. 
He started the work at Glendora (Dec. 22, 1888), but also 
preached at Covina, Spradra Valley, Azusa, Pasadena, Los 
Angeles, Glendale, Tuhunga, Timberville, and Stockton. 
During his stay in California he baptized twenty-five 
persons. The first District Conference, held in California, 
was held in Covina under Bro. Witmore's supervision. 
Twice (in 1891 and in 1895) he served on the Standing 
Committee of the Annual Conference. Often he served 
on other committees of the church. 

From 1893 to his death, with few interruptions, his home 
was on College Hill, McPherson, Kans., where he always 
took an active part in church affairs. His interest in the 
college, also, was abiding. Years ago he served as a 
member of the board of trustees and as solicitor for the 
college. One of his most recently expressed wishes was 
that he might be spared to see the completion of the new 
church building, the foundation of which he had seen 

On the morning of Nov. 19, Eld. Witmore suffered a 
stroke of paralysis which affected his entire left side. 
He was soon taken to the McPherson Hospital, and there, 
on the night of Dec. 26, passed to his eternal reward. 
Funeral services were conducted in the college chapel, 

number of quotations, the one which is received first, will 
be chosen. 

6. The contest will close on April 1 and the prize will 
be awarded May 5. The compilation will be published 
in the "Messenger" and in other religious journals, if 
they will accept them. 

7. Quotations from the prophets of the Old Testament 
which emphasize the inauguration of the administration 
of peace and love by the coming of the Redeemer, will 
be accepted. 

8. Some passages will need a bit of interpretation to 
show their relation to the subject of " War and Christian- 
ity." In the Lord's Prayer we pray: "Thy will be done 
on earth, as it is in heaven." The contestant will explain 
that, when repeating that prayer, we belie its spirit if 
we kill our brother in carnal warfare. He will make his 
explanation in as few words as possible. 

Fort Myers, Fla. D. C. Moomaw. 


ALLISON PRAIRIE, ILL.-Our Aid Society held twelve meetings 
during the year, with an average attendance of seven. Our work 
sisted mostly of quilting and serving sale lunches. We donated 
iry purposes; $5Q toward our pastor's salary; $8.50 
parsonage; $2373 for papering parsonage and $26.50 
u Total receipts, $192.22; expenditures. $137.46; 
Sister Clam Douglass, President; Mabel 
rower, Vice-President; the writer, Secretary-T?casure- ^ J - " 
barber "- 

S-14.S0 to 
toward paint foi 
for oil-stove for 
balance, $54.76. Officers 


^inceunes, Ind., Dec. 28. 

not to drink. They were persecuted by the liquor-seller on the 28th — Eld. E. E. John, a colaborer for many years, 

of that village, who resorted to evil and unlawful means 
to induce them to drink. To protect themselves, they 
decided to bring suit against the man. About sixty-five 
men came in a body to the mission-house here, had Bro. 
Ebey write down their charges agjJnst the liquor-seller, 
as a matter of public complaint, and later were directed 
to the chief official of this county. Their case will be 
heard in about a week. After going home, a meeting was 
arranged for last Saturday afternoon, in their village, at 
which representatives from the mission and Mr. Dulabji, 
the lawyer, were asked to be present and to speak. It 
was a good meeting. A crowd of about a thousand people 
gathered from about a dozen villages and gave marked 
attention and hearty assent to all that was said. Another 
mceting will be held this month. Pray fop these poor 
people, that they may succeed in their earnest desire to 
free themselves from the curse of drinkl It will take much 
teaching and help to -keep them from returning to their 
former habits of drinking. They need the constant and 
sure help that comes with an abiding faith in Jesus 

There is promise that considerable more evangelistic 
effort will be put forth in the villages of all our Gujarati 
stations than there has been for some years. Tents have 
bi_en secured for the workers who go out from Jalalpor 
and from Bulsar. It is much to be desired that the home 
church be much in prayer for the missionaries and the 
Indian workers, as they move among the village people, 
seeking to point them to their Lord and Savior Jesus 
Christ A. T. Hoffert. 

Bulsar, India, Dec. 2. 

[■reaching the sermon. Bro. Witmore had planned his 
own funeral service and his wishes were fully carried out. 
The discourse was based upon the texts found in 1 
Thess. 4: 13-18, and 2 Tim. 4:6-9. The remains were in- 
u Tred in the McPherson cemetery. E. L. Craik. 

McPherson, Kans. 

CLAYPOOL, IND.-Report of Eel River Aid Society for 1920: We 
held 11 regular meetmgs, with an average attendance of 14. We re- 
reived many donaUons of material and $1.25 in money. Our work 
■consisted of sewing (or those that wanted the help. We finished 96 
garments and 26 knife and fork pockets for the Aid Society. Cash on 
hand Jan. 1, 1920, $30.05; free-will and birthday offerings. $121.69; sold 
garments, $.2.34; total, $204.08. Expenditures: 25 cents to District 
Secretary; $20 to Forward Movement; $117.49 for material and other 
■ spenses; balance in treasury, $66.34. We sent a box of clothing to the 
- gave clothing to the needy in our community. 
President; Sister Mary Ulrey. Vice- 
Superintendent; Sister Emma Freed, 
Secretary- Treasurer; Sister Erba 

-Mexico Home and ah 
Officers: Sister Alma Mat: 
President; Sister Sarah Tridie, 
Assistant; Sister Grace Full 

Metzger, Assistant.— Mattie Tridie, 


Jacob Witmore, son of Jonathan and Catherine Cover 
Witmore, was born Dec. 5, 1844. in Franklin County, Pa., 
near the city of Chambersburg. In the summer of 1850, 
he, with his parents, three older brothers and two sisters, 
moved to Wood County, in Northwestern Ohio. Here 
he grew to manhood. At the age of seventeen he pro- 
fessed Christ and united with the Church of the Brethren 
in the Portage congregation. At the age of eighteen he 
was given his freedom by his father. Several years there- 
after he spent in attending school, teaching, and carpen- 

In 1865, Bro. Witmore was chosen by the Portage con- 
gation to fill the office of deacon. Dec. 23, 1867, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Amanda Bosserman, of the 
Eagle Creek- church, in Hancock County, Ohio. To this 
union were born two sons and two daughters — one son 
dying in infancy. The other son, Ira, was for many years 
elder in charge of the church at Adrian, Mo., but is now 
a resident of McPherson, Kans. Sarah is the wife of 
Professor H. J. Harnly, of the faculty of McPherson Col- 
lege, and Anna is the wife of Ellis S. Strickler, of El 
Centro. Calif. 

Bro. Witmore's call to the Gospel ministry occurred in 
the year 1868, in the Eagle Creek congregation, Ohio. In 
this same congregation he was subsequently advanced, 
and in the summer of 1881 he was ordained to the bishop- 
ric by Eld. J. P. Ebersote. 

With his family, Bro. Witmore moved from Hardin 
County, Ohio, in the summer of 1881, to Johnson County, 
Mo., locating within the bounds of the Ccnterview con- 
gregation, of which he became the pastor and elder, and 
where he endured many of the hardships that fall to the 
lot of the minister who must, at the same time, preach 

The Sunday following Christmas was a most interest- 
ing day for the members here at Sebrii. '. The attend- 
ance at the Sunday-school was nearly 200, and that meant 
full class-rooms. Bro. Isaac Frantz, for the precent lo- 
cated at St. Petersburg, W a s with us in the pulpit. Nearly 
a dozen other ministers were in the audience. Bro. D. 
H. Zigler, who has a winter home here, delivered a splen- 
did address, and made an excellent impression. When he 
c.v tended the invitation, two boys came forward. Another 
meeting was held at 2 P. M., when baptism was admin- 
istered by Bro. Frantz to the two applicants. 

In the evening there was a most entertaining program 
rendered by the Sunday-school department. The house 
was packed to the limit. In fact, our house is packed at 
all of our services. During the day considerably over $300 
was raised for charitable purposes. This makes three 
offerings for charity that we have lifted during the last 
few months. 

Bro. James M. Moore and family, of Lanark, HI., are to 
be here the last week in January, and our Bible Institute 
will begin on Monday, Jan. 31 and continue for two weeks. 
Most the evenings are taken up with some service or 
class. Wednesday evening the young people— and there 
ar- a number of them— engage in Mission Study. Thurs- 
day evening is our largely-attended prayer meeting. On 
Friday evening Bro. D. H. Zigler has a class in the study 
of the Book of John. The class is a large one and the 
course of instruction is most helpful. 

We have a large number of tourists— about as many as 
can be housed this season. Some of them have purchased 
lots and are building. Several are planning to locate, 
and this means a larger permanent congregation at Se- 
bring. For our services, our chapel is entirely too small. 
We have cut an opening into one of the class-rooms, and 
yet we can not take good care of the people. We feel 
the need of our contemplated auditorium most keenly. 
We must have it, and yet how to raise money enough to 
enable us to erect the building, is our real problem for 
the present. j. H _ M oore. 

■ ♦ . 

I will give a prize of $10 for the largest number of pas- 
sages in the New Testament which emphasize the incom- 
patibility of war and Christianity. The terms of the offer 

Claypool, Ind., Jan, 
ROANOKE, ILL.-The Junior Aid Society of the Roanoke City 
ivirch was organized July 8, 1920. with an enrollment of fifteen. There 
lvc been one all-day and four half-day meetings. The Ladies' Aid 
mated six yards of white material, which was made into six aprons 
t a prayer meeting, conducted by the Juniors, an offering of S3 60 
is received; $9.30 was received from a pie sale. Fourteen doiu 
.-re bought and dressed, to be sold at the Ladies' Aid sale Sub- 
notions for the " McCall's Magazine " are now being taken. Cloth- 
d some fruit were sent to the Orphanage at Timberville 
17 the society was reorganized with the follow- 
Rumberg, President; Christine Furrow, Vice- 
cr, Secretary-Treasurer; Mrs. W. II. Thomas and 
Superintendents.— Junia Bostwick, Roanoke, Va.. 

ing. candy 

lor Christmas. Dec, 

ing officers: Dimpl 

Dec. 31. 

PYRMONT, IND.-Report of Sisters' Aid Society for 1920: We held 
4 all-day and 22 half-day meetings; average attendance, 9. We pieced 
co eh tort -tops, made 6 quilts, 6 comforts, 13 prayer-coverings, and some 
clothmg We donated one comfort and some clothing to the Mexico 

»£T «??' r^ C Se T d ? .If 1 " dinners - We ^ve ?2S to Chinese 
sufferers; $25 to Chicago for a Thanksgiving dinner for the poor; $41 

\ *»r« y: ^ "^ ChUrCh " rpet - We rcccived <»"«ce the 
*,T^nffi ; pa,d ° Ut f ° r d °n">°ns and material, $139.83; balance. 
S12L35, Officers: Sister Barbara A. Ulcry, Presidei 
\\ agoner, Vice-Presiden' "' 
Superintendents; Sis 
lary.— Eliza Flora, Pyr. 

.-, Sister Katie 
; bisters Mary Leibert and Mary Barnhart, 
Annie Stuart, Treasurer; the writer, Secrc- 

t UN , I0 !1?I7' IND - Re P°" ^ Ivies' Aid Society for 1920: Balance 
Jan. 1, 194), 25 cents; receded during the year, $162.19; total, $162.44; 
total paid out, $23.80; balance Jan. I, 1921, $138.64. Our work consisted 
oi qujlfng etc. Officers: Elizabeth Cook. President; Adda Netzlcy 
Uce-Prcsident; A.nna Freidhne, Superintendent of Work; Jane Cloyd' 
Assistant; Lottie Lewis, Seeretary-Trcasurer.-Dora W. Noffsinger, ' 
Lnion Lity, Ind., Jan. 1. 


Mnrringe notices should be nceo 

mpanied by 50 cents 

J;;^ l r ^- that *e fifty cents required for the publication of a 
£?,J ?" T' Ce . "? 3y , be 'T" 1,cti to a th rcc months' " Gospel Mes 
senger subscription for Ihe newly-married couple Request si onhl 
K made when the notice is sent, and full address given 

A l ,V 5 " I Y'?? ks -~ I ? y the undersigned, Dec. 23, 1920, at the home of Bro. 

ITyhon, Floyd, Va., Brother Nathan Altis, of Mountain Grove 

of Floyd, Va.-A. N. Hylton, Floyd, 

nd Sister Jathima Weeks, 

Button-Bresbears.— By the um 
E. Button and Sister Icel M. Br< 

;rsigned, Dec. 29, 1920. Mr. Thomas 
shears.— Lessie V. Ihrig, Wheatland, 

Cavc-Sp.tler.-By the undersigned, Nov. 22, 1920, at the home of the 
.nde^a parents. Eld. D. N. Spider and wife, near Luray, Page County 
re and Sister Hilda Spitler.-H. C. Early, Penn 

hrii."?^!! ,,e "r Bj r, th l under J s ' E . r ' cd ' D «- ». W20, at the home of 

he bride s parents Brother and Sister H. B. Sipling. Brother Russel 

Iva Siplmg, both of Fernald, Iowa.— S. B. Miller, 

ench and Si 

Cedar Rapids, 



are as folio 

1. The quotations are "to be typewritten verbatim, giv- 
ing the book and verses. 

2. Any passage which can be logically interpreted 
against carnal war will be accepted. 

3. Quotations, which are used by some to favor carnal 
war, will be interpreted to show the absence of logical 
conclusion. For instance the statement of our Lord that 
^'he came not to bring peace but a sword," should be 
interpreted as a declaration of the result but not the 
object of his coming. 

4. Passages which do not bear an evident relation to the 
subject, will not be counted. 

5. If there should be several responses, giving an equal 

y the undersigned, at 358 Sixtieth Street Brooklvn 

N. Y., Dee. 19, ,920 Brother -Amos Philip Geib. of Montelair N * and 

May Oldham, of Brooklyn, _N. Y.-J. S. Noffsinger, Brook- 

lyn, N. 

Snapp- Wolfe.— At parsonage " Ivesl 
Snanp and Sister Ethel Wolfe, both • 
Keller, Grundy Center, Iowa. 

' Dec. 10, 1920, Brother John 
irundy County, Iowa.— D. H. 


the dead which die- In the Lord " 

Bcclmer Thomas N died very suddenly of heart trouble, in Em- 
p,re Calif., Dee. 22, 1920, aged 60 years. 10 months and 12 days. He 
was born in Tennessee. He married Sarah J. Harnish, of Christian 
F,°'" , n ty, i U -' A , UB ' S ' lm - Tw ° J" 13 " lat « he joined the Church of 
faithful. In 1893 he, with his wife and two 
Springs, Kansas. Ten years later he 
In 1907 he moved to Reedlcy, Calif. Four 
years later he moved to Empire, where he lived up to the time of 
to a serious heart affection. 

children, moved to Conw 
moved to Nampa, Idaho. 

:r he moved to Empire, < 
which was very sudden, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


He leaves his wif 
married and livini 
usefulness, both in 
a kind father and 
in Modesto.— S. F. 

Bi-ikman, Ol 


e daughter and two sons, all of them being 
California. His life was one of fidelity and 
out of the church. He was a devoted husband, 
xcellcnt citizen. Services at Empire. Burial 
;er, Empire. Calif, 
at his home in Peebles, Ohio, Dec 28, 1920, 

aged 15 years, 9 months and 26 days. He leaves his father, two 
brothers and one sister, the mother having died fourteen years ago. 
He was a diligent student in the city schools. Services by the writer. 
Burial at White Oak cemetery.— Van B. Wright, Peebles. Ohio. 

Breahlv Mary, widow of Emanuel Bceghly and daughter of Samuel 
aD d Elizabeth Boger. born near Brandonville, W. Va., May 22. 1837. 
died at her home in Bruccton. W. Va.. Nov. 13, 1920. Her husband 
died eight years ago. She was a faithful member of the Old Order 
Brethren, having united with the church at the age of seventeen. 
She had no children of her own, but she and her husband brought up 
several orphan children, two of whom resided with her till the time of 
her death. Interment at Brandonville.— S. A. Barnes, Bruceton Mills, 
W Va. 

Dennis, Sister Etta Thomas, wife of Edw. Dennis, died Dec. 15, 
1920, in the hospital at Cumberland, Md., after having undergone 
two' surgical operations, aged 34 years, 1 month and IS days. She i3 
survived by her husband, two daughters, father, mother, one sister 
and two brothers. She united with the Church of the Brethren when 
ouite young and remained a faithful and devoted Christian to the 
cod. Services in the Salem church by Bro. C. R. Wolfe. Interment 
in the Thomas cemetery.— Ida D. Wilson, Brandonville, W. Va. 

Flory, Mary, wife of Eld. Jacob Flory, born in Defiance County. 
Ohio, died Dec. 23, 1920, aged 55 years, 4 months and 7 days. She 
leaves her husband, two sons, two daughters, two sisters, one brother 
and four grandchildren. She was a devoted Christian woman. Serv- 
ices in the home by the writer. Interment in Poplar Ridge cemetery. 
—J. F. Hornish, Defiance, Ohio. 

Garrison, Abram L., born in Carroll County, 111., died near Teakean, 
Idaho, Dec. 20, 1920, aged 54 years, 6 months and 12 days. He married 
Bertha Eisenbise in 1891. There were twelve children, eight of whom 
with his wife survive. Four years after their marriage they united 
with the Church of the Brethren, to which he remained faithful. 
Services by Eld. A. J. Detrick and Paul Lind. Interment in the Clear- 
water cemetery.— Mrs. Mollie Harlacher, Lenore, Idaho. 

Ciffin, Sister Mary A., wife of Eld. Elias J. Giffin, deceased, died at 
her home in Ottawa, Kans., Nov. 30, 1920, aged 69 years, 11 months and 
10 days. She is survived by four sons. Practically all of her life was 
spent in service for the Master, and the Ottawa church feels the loss 
of another faithful worker. Services in the church by the writer, 
assisted by Eld. G. M. Throne. Interment in Highland cemetery, 
near Ottawa— Willis B. Devilbiss, Ottawa, Kans. 

-Hause, Lcroy Sheridan, son of Friend John and Sister Annie Hause, 
died of infantile paralysis Nov. 23, 1920, aged 1 year, 6 months and 27 
days. Services at their home, near Hoovcrsville, Pa., by the writer. 
Interment at Hooversville.— N. H. Blough, Davidsville, Pa. 

Helvio, Adam, son of John and Nancy Hclvie, born Jan. 3, 1847, 
near Attica, Ohio. He married Miss Sarah Young in 1870. There 
were two daughters. His wife died April 7, 1901. In June, 1902, he 
married Mrs. Ella DeLauter. Early in life he united with the Breth- 
ren church to which faith he remained true. He died at the home of 
his daughter, Mrs. J. W. McClure, Dec. 13, 1920. He leaves his wife, 
two daughters, two grandchildren and one stepson, Ora DeLauter.— 
Alia Kendall, Burncttsvilie, Ind. 

Kuril, Sister Frances, nee Myer, wife of Bro. Levi Kurtz, born 
near New Holland, died at her home, near Mechanicsburg, Dec. 26, 
W20, of Bright's disease, aged 52 years, 3 months and 19 days. Two 
children preceded her. She was a member of the Church of the 
Brethren for twenty-four years, being faithful until the end. Surviv- 
ing are her husband, three daughters and the sons. Services by 
Eld. Martin Ebcrsolc and D. S. Myer at the Bareville house. Inter- 
ment in the Kurtz cemetery, near Mechanicsburg.— Mollie G. Myers, 




Koontz, Sister Anna Rebecca, daughter of Andrew and Maria Slifer, 
born near Hagcrstown, Md., died at her home in Mount Morris, 111., 
Dec. 19, 1920, aged 55 years, 2 months and 5 days. She married 
Nicholas T. Koontz in 1902. She has been a member ol the Church of 
the Brethren for about thirty years. Her husband, four sisters and 
one brother survive. Services by Eld. F. E. McCune.— Nelson E. 
Shirk, Mt. Morris, HI. 

Lau, Sister Susan (nee Kopp), died at her home, near Stoverstown, 
Pa., in the bounds of the Pleasant Hill congregation, Dec. 20, 1920, 
aged 65 years, 10 months and 25 days. She leaves her husband, three 
daughters and one son. Services at the home and at Pleasant Hill 
by Eld. D. B. Hohf, assisted by S. K. Jacobs and H. R. Miller. Inter- 
ment in cemetery at same place— Amanda K. Miller, Spring Grove, Pa. 
Mangus, Jos. C, son of Wm. and Rebecca (Miller) Mangus, born 
at Cambria Furnace, Pa., died at his home in Johnstown, Dec. 27, 
1920, aged 71 years, 7 months and 7 days. In 1870 he married Miss 
Susan Sceley. There were two sons and two daughters, all of whom 
survive, with his wife, one sister, eleven grandchildren and six great- 
grandchildren. About seven years ago he united with the Church of 
the Brethren. Services at the home by Rev. J. D. Good of the 
United Brethren church and the writer. Burial in the Pleasant Htll 
cemetery.— C. C. Sollenberger, Johnstown, Pa. 

Miller, Sister Rebecca, died at the home of her daughter, Dec. 26, 
1920, aged 82 years and 10 days. She was a daughter of Eld. Jacob 
and Catherine Wine. She married Jacob B. Miller in 1859. Early 
in life she united with the Church of the Brethren and has always 
been faithful. Her husband preceded her sixteen years ago. She is 
survived by two children, one of whom is Eld. J. Carson Miller, nine 
Grandchildren, two great-grandchildren, one brother. Eld. D. P. Wine, 
and a sister. Services from the Fiat Rock church by Eld. I. W. 
Miller. Burial in the cemetery near by.— Annie Wine, Forestville. Va. 

Myer, Bro. Daniel, born in Lancaster County, Pa., March 14, 1837. 
He united with the Church of the Brethren in the Conestoga con- 
gregation in 1864. In 1866 he was elected to the deacon's office, in 
which capacity he served for fifty-four years. His wife, who was 
Anna E. Buckwalter, preceded him nearly twenty years ago. There 
were eleven children. There remain two daughters and five sons, 
one of whom is Eld. J. W. Myer, of Eustis, Fla. He is also survived 
by three sisters. Bro. Myer died at his home in Lancaster, Pa., Dec. 
9, 1920, aged 84 years. Services by Bro. G. W. Beclman and Eld. H. 
B. Yoder, assisted by Eld. D. S. Myers in the Bareville church. In- 
terment in the Myer cemetery.— Leah N. Phillipy, Lancaster, Pa. 

Paul, Benj. F., died of a complication of diseases, Nov. 27, 1920, aged 
75 years and 10 months. He was an exemplary member of the Breth- 
ren church for fifty years. About five weeks before his death he at- 
tended a communion at his home church. He was born in Rocking- 
ham County, Va., and lived in the same county until the fall of 1864 
when he, with his parents, moved to Allen County, Ind. In 1868 he 
married Miss Katherine Haines. There were six daughters. He 
Ira'vn hi. w if e , five daughters, six grandchildren, four grcat-grand- 
e brother and one sister. Services in the Painter Creek 
ro. Lawrence Kreider, assisted by Bro. N. Binkley. Burial 
in Newcomers cemetery.— Mrs. Ella Laemmle, Arcanum, Ohio. 

Shoemaker, Sister Hannali, died at her home, near Sylvan, Pa., 
Nov. 22, 1920, aged 70 years, 6 months and 14 days. Services by the 
writer, assisted by B. C. M. Miller.-John Mellott, Pleasant Ridge, Pa. 

Stahl, Bro. Amos W., died near Mt. Pleasant, Pa„ Jacobs Creek 
congregation, Dec. 23, 1920, aged 72 years, 9 months and 18 days. Bro. 
Stahl was a member of the Church of the Brethren for nearly fifty 
years. He leaves his wife, six sons, three daughters, his mother 
and eighteen grandchildren. Services at the Mt. Joy church by the 
pastor.— Robert T. Hull, Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

Stern, Margaret Keener, died Dec. 26. 1920, aged 86 years and 29 
days. Her husband preceded her in death about eight years. Serv- 
ices by the home ministers at the Chiques house. Interment in 
the cemetery adjoining.— P. C. Geih, Manheim, Pa. 

Truax, Sister Anna M., died at her home, near Sipes Mill, Dec. 8. 
1920. She is survived by four sons, one daughter, her husband, four 
brothers and a sister. Services by the writer, assisted by Rev. E. J. 
Croft, ol the Methodist church. Interment in the Pleasant Ridge 
cemetery.— John Mellott, Pleasant Ridge, Pa. 

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THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 15, 1921 


Official Orgun of tho Churcb or tho Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House. R. E. Arnold, Gen- 
eral Manager, 16 to 24 S. State St.. Elgin. HI.. at $2.00 |.r annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscription .ifty cents extra.) 

Entered nt the Postoffh'e nt Elgin. III., us Second-clow Matter. 
Acceptnnce for mailing nt special rule or postage provided for Id 
section 1103. Act of October 3. 1917. authorized August I'D. 1U1S 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page 45) 

dale, Bro. Geo. K. Pfenning. Bee. 26 we lifted offerings lor the 
Chinese sufferers: Hatfield Sunday-school. SIMM; Lansdale. $95.— 
J. Herman Roscnberger, Souderlon, Pa„ Jan. 4. 

Lancaster church met in council Dec. 8. One certificate was grant- 
ed. Bro. A. C. Hollingcr was elected on the Temperance Committee 
for three years, and Bro. Jacob Messimcr tor one year. The church 
decided to give Bro. John D. Ebcrsolc, our young minister, financial 
assistance in securing a higher education. Dec. 26 Bro. Franklin 
Byer, of Hebron Seminary, preached for us. He beautifully por- 
trayed the afterglow of a golden sunset to the aitcrglow of the 
Christmas season. As the shepherds returned with radiant faces, 
so the Christinas joy should go with us through the year. Our 
Christmas exercises were held Dec. 26. A well-prepared program 
was rendered to a large audience. An offering of $233 was lifted 
for the Near East Relief. A number of baskets of provisions were 
taken to the needy of our city. Our series of meetings, beginning 
Feb. 20, will be conducted by Eld. H. C. Early, of Pcnn Laird, Va.— 
Leah N. Phillipy, Lancaster, Pa., Jan. 1. 

Maiden Creek.— Bro. Rulus Bucher, of Quarryvillc, preached nine- 
teen inspiring and instructive sermons during a series of meetings, 
which closed Dec. 19. No open confessions were made, but the church 
was built up and many had the Gospel preached to them. Our Thanks- 
giving offering, amounting to $51.50, was sent to the Chinese famine 
relief.— Edwin Ernst, Cenlcrport. Pa., Dec. 28. 

. Mountville.— Jan. 2 the Sunday-school lifted an offering of $87 for the 
Near East Relief work. The school also decided to support an orphan, 
for which $60 is necessary. Jan. 23 the Missionary Committee ex- 
pects to have Sister B. Mary Roycr. who is now at Elizabcthtown 
College, give us a talk on the work in India.— Cora A. McKonly, 
Mountville, Pa., Jan. 1. 

New Enterprise church met in special members' meeting for the 
election of Sunday-school officers, which resulted in Bro. A. B. Rep- 
loglc being reelected superintendent. -Our Christmas entertainment 
was successful. At the close we lifted an offering for the Chinese 
sufferers. Wc also decided to add the amount, used other years in 
treating the school. With individual and Sunday-school class offer- 
ings the amount was $114.20. Bro. Herman Ferry was elected 
president of the Christian Workers' Meeting.— Margaret Replogle 
Snoeberger. New Enterprise, Pa., Dec. 31. 

Norristown Sunday-school held its Christmas service last evening. 
The exercises consisted of recitations and carols. A nice purse was 
made up and presented to our pastor, Bro. Replogle. The Men's 
Bible Class gave $5 to a poor woman, whose children come to the 
Sunday-school. They have also had an electric light hung in each of 
the class rooms in the basement.— J. Howard Ellis, Norristown, Pa., 
Dec. 27. 

Parker Ford.— On Christinas morning, at five o'clock, a group of 
fourteen people went through the village, singing carols. At six 
o'clock people assembled for church service. The singing of carols 
was continued and a Christmas talk was given by Bro. Hetrie. After 
service baskets were sent to the sick and shut-ins. The following 
morning, after Christmas, the primary and beginners held their 
entertainment. In the evening the junior and intermediate pupils 
rendered a very pleasing program to a filled house. On New Year's 
Eve watch night services were held. A social time was enjoyed, fol- 
lowed by singing, speaking and prayer. The year throughout proved 
very beneficial to all who attended our services.— Edith Pcnnypacker. 
Parker Ford, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Pottstown (First Church),— The Junior Christian Workers' Meeting, 
which was organized about two months ago, held a joint social on 
the church lawn Dec. 11, with thirty-eight juniors present from our 
own church. One more member has been added to the church by 
baptism. The Sunday-school has been growing very nicely under 
the leadership of our pastor. Bro. II. Vernon Slawtcr, and the attend- 
ance has been increasing weekly. The average attendance during 
the past quarter has been far in advance of any previous record of 
the church. Dec. 5 Dr. Adam Geibel. the blind musician and com- 
poser, held a musical service, at which time the church was filled 
to its utmost capacity. Dr. Geibel will return Jan. 20, and give one 
of his famous lectures. Jan. 8 the Bethany choir will render a musical 
program in the church. Dec. 23 our choir gave one of Dr. Adam 
Gcibcl's Christmas cantatas, which was well attended. Dec. 26 a 
Christmas entertainment was given by the school which was a great 
success.— Mrs. S. Ernest Kulp, Pottstown, Pa., Dec. 29. 

Shade Creek.— We held our council Dec. 11, when officers were elect- 
ed, with Bro. S. P. Early, elder. It was decided hereafter to begin 
our financial year with Dec. 1, so that all accounts may be settled 
by the time we have our council. The cvery-member canvass seems 
to have been a good thing last year, so il will be repeated. We are 
using the duplex envelopes. A Christmas program was rendered 
at the Bcrkey house. Changes are being made there which will 
provide for a number of Sunday-school rooms. Dec. 26 services were 
held for the first time in the new Ridge house. We are planning to 
dedicate the church Jan. 16, at 2 P. M. Bro. Galen B. Royer wUlJjave 
charge of the service. We appreciate the courtesy of our Lutheran 
friends, who made it possible for us to have our Sunday services, 
during the time we did not have a church of our own.— Mrs J -L 
Weaver. Hooversville. Pa.. Jan. 3. 

Smithfield congregation met in council Dec. 19, with our pastor 
and elder, F. R. Zook. presiding. Bro. Zook was elected pastor and 
elder for another year. We also elected officers for our Sunday. 
school, with E. B. Hoover, superintendent. We elected Christian 
Workers. Temperance and Missionary Committees.— Clarence L 
Smith, Martinsburg, Pa., Dec. 25. 

Springfield church held a very spiritual love feast at the Quaker- 
town house Nov. 21, with Eld. I. W. Taylor officiating. Thanksgiving 
services were held at the same place. Eld. N. H. Blough, of Davids- 
villc. Pa., delivered a powerful sermon. We sent $100 to famine- 
stricken China. Of this amount $20 was taken out of the Sunday- 
school treasury. Our country church gave $47 and the Sunday-school 
$21.65 for the same purpose. Elders S. H. Hertilcr and J. G. Meyer 
of Ehzabethtown College, held a Bible Institute in the Springfield 

congregation, Springfield house, Dec. 3-5. Brt 


tercsting and instructive lessons on. The Sermon on the Mount Bn 
Hertzler's talks on Faith, Repentance. Baptism, etc., were a rare 
treat to all present. Our -luarterly council was held at Ouakertown 
Dec 18, with Eld. Bcnj. Hottcl presiding. Four letters were granted 
Officers for Quakcrtown were elected as follows: Sunday-school super- 
intendents. Brethren Edw. Noble and Alfred George; president of 
Christian Workers' Meeting. Sister Anna Kilhefner. Christmas pro- 
ems wure rendered at both churches Dec. 26. At the close of the 
program at Quakertown we again lifted an offering for Chinese re- 
lief. We also presented our minister and family with gifts Our 
congregation has done more for missions and benevolent purposes 
this year than at any previous time.—Lucina Hershberger, Quaker- 
town, Pa., Dec 30. 

Stoner«town congregation met in special session Dec. 27 and elected 
churcb. Sunday-school and Christian Workers' officers, also a trustee. 
Jan. 1 we met in regular council, with Bro. Harris, our pastor, pre- 
siding. The auditors made their reports. The total sum raised Irom 
all organizations of the church was $2,263.46. We still have $2000 
indebtedness on the church. Bro. A. C. Miller will begin our 

evangelistic meetings Jan, 11. We decided to have weekly prayer 
meetings Wednesday evenings. Bro. John Morris is our " Messen- 
ger " agent and Sister Nancy Dilling is our corresponding secretary. 
—Roy X. Wilson, Saxton, Pa., Jan. 2. 

Vfewmont.— Our love feast, held Nov. 21. was the largest we have 
thus far enjoyed. We also had a fine Thanksgiving service. Our 
pastor gave a short talk on thankfulness and also on the conditions 
in China. An offering of $43 was lifted. We gave $31.85 toward the 
Juniata Loan Fund, which, we trust, will continue to grow. Our 
reorganization of both Sunday-school and church has been effected, 
which resulted in the writer being elected superintendent. Eld. M. C. 
II"]- .1 was reelected as presiding elder for another year. Our pastor, 
Bro. L. B. Harshberger, was also reelected for another year. The 
work of both among us has proved to be successful. Our Christmas 
service, Dec. 24, was fine and was enjoyed by all. Our installation 
services, in charge of our pastor, were conducted Dec. 26. We were 
indeed glad that so many of the officers and teachers were present 
and have assumed the work entrusted to them. Our church is in 
tine condition — the outside just being newly painted, and the inside 
papered and varnished, and the platform raised. Jan. 2 our pastor 
gave us a brief report of the work he has done during the year. 
which was appreciated very much by all.— Wm, H. Kummcl, Johns- 
town, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Walnut Grove church and Sunday-school have recently elected of- 
ficers for the ensuing year: Bro. M. Clyde Horst, elder; Sister Eliza- 
beth Howe, "Messenger" agent; Bro. W. L. Brougher, Sunday- school 
superintendent. Bro. Horst addressed the teachers and officers of 
our Sunday-school in the installation service Jan. 2. Consecration 
and efficiency were emphasized. A rally was conducted Dec 19 to- 
ward the cancellation of the debt on our new house of worship. The 
offering amounted to $2,110.42. Our church has also made a contri- 
bution of $464.60 to the famine sufferers of China. We were greatly 
favored by a lecture by Bro. Obcr on his visit to Japan.— Lois Det- 
wciler, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 3. 

Windber. — Our revival services commenced Oct. 9 and continued for 
three weeks. There were twenty-five converts, eighteen being bap- 
tized and seven reclaimed. Communion services were held in the 
church at Scalp Level at the close of the meetings.— Olive Cuslcr, 
Windber, Pa., Dec 19. 


New Hope church met in council Dec. 11. with Eld. J. B. Hilbcrt 
in charge. Officers for the year were elected, with Bro. D. C. Morrell. 
Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Bessie Archer, church corre- 
spondent. We expect to begin a series of meetings some time during 
the winter.— Mary Hilbcrt, Jonesboro, Tenn., Dec. 31. 


Belmont congregation met in council Dec. 18, with Eld» I. N. Zigler 
presiding. Church officers were elected as follows: Bro. R. E. Mason, 
treasurer and trustee; Bro. L. L. Mason, clerk; the writer, church 
correspondent; Bro. L. L. Mason, Christian Workers' president. We 
decided to elect Sunday-school officers at the next council. Eld. I. 
N. Zigler was elected to seek help from the Mission Board for a 
worker for the mission at Brookstown.— Mary P. Mason, Holladay, 
Va., Dec 30. 

Beaver Creek church met in council Dec. 25, with Eld. J. F. Man- 
non presiding. Th* following officers were reelected: Sister Bailie 
Simmons, clerk; the writer, correspondent. Our next council will be 
held in January.— Bessie Mannon, Sowers, Va., Dec 28. 

Lebanon church met in council Dec. 25, with Eld. P. j'. Wenger pre- 
siding. Bro. J. L. Hulvcy was reelected Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. Bro. P. J. Wenger was appointed to secure, a minister to hold 
our series of meetings. It was decided that a reassessment of the 
membership be made before March 1. In November an offering of 
$102 was lifted for the Chinese sufferers.— Lila B. Wine, Mt. Sidney. 
Va., Jan. 3. 

Peters Creek church met in council Dec. 18, with Eld. Levi Garst 
presiding. Six letters were received. Officers for 1921 were elected 
as follows: Mary Webster, clerk; Miller Garst and John T. Henry, 
'Messenger" agents; Bculah Garst, correspondent. Brethren J. S. 
Showalter and Levi Garst were appointed to secure an evangelist 
for a series of meetings for 1921. Dec. 22 Eld. C. D. Hylton closed 
a ten days' revival at the Salem church, a mission point in our con- 
gregation. One was restored to fellowship.— Mildred Naff, Roanoke, 
Va., Dec. 26. 

Rowland Creek congregation met in council Dec 18, with Bro. 
R. L. Suit presiding. Bro. Clayton B. Miller has taught a Bible 
School for five weeks, and has done a good work for us. He is an 
able teacher, and we hope to have him with us again in the future — 
Nancy J. Suit, Seven Mile Ford, Va., Jan. 1. 

Trevilian church met in council Dec. 25, with Eld. D. M. Gtick pre- 
siding. Two letters were received and four were granted. Bro. 
Chester Petry was chosen elder in charge for 1921. Bro. Carl Click 
was reelected superintendent for the Sunday-school. Bro. J. F 
Britton was with us in council and also preached for us on Sunday.— 
R. Anna Glick. Trevilian. Va.. Jan. 4. 


Birmingham.— This is a new point. The writer conducted the first 
meeting evef held there by the Brethren on Dec. 26. We had a good 
and attentive audience. Wc have about twelve members here, all 
living close together, forming a nucleus from which we believe a 
good church can be built up. But they need a minister to locate with 
them. The writer lives about twenty-five miles distant. There are 
some good opportunities in this great Puget Sound country, and any 
one contemplating changing locations, will do well to write the under- 
signed.— J. L. Teeter, Clear Lake, Wash., Dec. 28. " 

East Wenatchee church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. J. J. Fil- 
brun presiding. One letter was received and nine were granted 
We elected officers as follows: Clerk, C. N. Huffman; "Messenger" 
agent, Sister C V. Sterns; general superintendent of the Sunday- 
school, E. J. Brubaker; Bunah Graybill, president of the Christian 
Workers' Society. Our fall love feast was held on Thanksgiving 
evening, with Bro. Chas. Rupel officiating.— Bunah Graybill Wen- 
atchee, Wash., Dec 28. 


Bluefield.— We commenced our series of meetings Nov. 14 conducted 
by the pastor, Bro. J. H. Wimmer. The meetings continued for 
two and one-half weeks, but owing to the severe weather and poor 
car service, our crowds were not what we had hoped for. When the 
weather Was favorable, wc had a full house and fine interest was 
manifested. Four Sunday-school scholars were added to the church 
by baptism. Since then one has made application and will be bap- 
tized soon. Nov. 28 we held our love feast, at which most of the 
members were present. Dec. 31 we met in council, with Eld. Levi 
Garst presiding. Three letters were received. Officers were elected 
as follows: Sister A. L. McDaniel. clerk; Bro. J. C. Lane, "Messen- 
ger" agent; the writer, correspondent; Bro. J. F. Wyn'n, Sunday- 
school superintendent. Prof. Ernest Ikenberry is to be with us 
March 18-31, in a singing school. We are pleased to see the church 
and Sunday-school growing in interest and attendance— Mrs I H 
Wimmer. Bluefield, W. Va., Jan. 4. 

Pleasant Valley (Second District).— At the close of the year we 
elected new officers for our Sunday-school for the period of six 
months. Dec 26, sixteen were present at Sunday-school. A collec- 
tion of $100 was taken for the Chinese sufferers.— Henry C. Sanders 
Auburn, W. Va., Dec 27. 

Strcby.— Bro. A. S. Arnold, of Williamsport, W. Va was with us 
Dec. 11-26, preaching nineteen earnest sermons. Nineteen stood for 
Christ, thirteen were baptized, leaving six to be received at an early 
date. Fourteen of these were Sunday-school scholars. We feel much 
encouraged and also feel the responsibility of training these young 
people for Christian usefulness.— Dennis Clark, Streby, W. Va., Dec 28. 


Maple Grove church met in council Dec. 27 and the following officers 
were elected: Bro. Wm. Mitchell, church clerk; Sister Mary Whitney 
"Messenger" agent and church correspondent; Bro. Otto Pearson 
superintendent of Sunday-school; Bro. Harold Robinson, president of 

Christian Workers. Dec 24 a Christmas program was given by the - 
Sunday-school. The Christian Workers' Society furnished a splendid 
treat for the children. Dec. 29 and 30 Brethren C. H. Gnagey and 
John Graham gave us three illustrated lectures on mission work. 
An offering of $12.47 was lifted. Two were recently added to our 
membership. Our Christian Workers' attendance has an average for 
the year of fifty-eight.— Mary E. Whitney, Stanley. Wis., Jan. 2. 

White Rapid* churcb met in council Dec 12, with Eld. Blocher 
presiding. Since our church officers had served only six months, it 
was decided to retain them for another year, with the exception of 
"Messenger" correspondent, for which Sister Nona Keim was 
elected. Bro. Levi Bontrager was elected Sunday-school superin- 
tendent and Sister Alma Anglemycr, presidrtit of the Christian 
Workers' Society. After the business session our annual love feast 
was" held, at which Bro. Blocher officiated. Dec. 26 the Christian 
Workers' Society and Sunday-school gave a short Christmas pro- 
gram, after which Bro. Clement Bontrager delivered a very helpful 
address.— Pearl Kulp, Amberg. Wis., Dec. 31. 

Worden church convened in council Dec 21. Bro. W. O. Henderson 
was elected church clerk and Sunday-school superintendent; the 
writer, "Messenger" agent and correspondent; Bro. C Christcnscn, 
president of the Christian Workers' Meeting. One applicant was 
baptized prior to the council, as a result of a week's meetings held 
by Bro. S. C Miller, of Chicago. Brethren C. C Cripe and Ralph 
Rarick, of Stanley, conducted the council. Two letters were received 
and three were granted. A Christmas program was rendered at the 
church, at which time an offering of $29.18 was taken for the Chinese 
famine relief. It was also decided to include in this offering the birth- 
day money for the year, which was $6.32.— Mrs. Marvin Kensinger, 
Stanley, Wis., Dec 27. 

Worden. — Since our last report we have been favored with a visit 
from the team sent out by the Bethany Volunteer Band— Brethren 
C. H. Gnagey and John Graham, who have been making a tour of the 
churches of Wisconsin. They gave one illustrated lecture and two 
sermons which were both inspiring and instructive. The illustrated 
lecture showed some of the work being done on the foreign fields 
and at Bethany Bible School in a very vivid and helpful manner. 
The attendance was good. An offering of $4.60 was taken for the 
Volunteer Band at Bethany.— Mrs. Marvin Kensinger, Stanley, Wis., 
Jan. 3. 


Georges Creek congregation met at the Fairview house Jan. 1 in 
general council, with Eld. C. M. Driver presiding. Bro. Driver was 
chosen elder for another year, as well as pastor. Seven directors 
were also chosen. Our Christmas program was very interesting and 
well attended. We took an offering of $125 for the suffering Chinese — 
Haddie F. Merryman, Masontown, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Yale.— Dec 26 we elected officers for Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' Meeting for the coming year, with Bro. Harlan Barcus, 
superintendent, and Bro. Warren Fiscel, president. Our former su- 
perintendent, Bro. Chas. Knight, served for five years faithfully, 
only being absent three times. The results of his faithfulness are 
shown in the interest and progress of the school.— Mrs. Clara Reed, 
Vale, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Bradford church begins the new year with very encouraging pros- 
pects. During the past year we have made favorable progress. We 
have experienced two seasons of ingathering. The first was almost 
spontaneous, the results of Spirit-promptings and personal work. 
The second was during a series of services conducted by Elders 
John M, Stover and S. E. Porter. The interest in our work was 
much revived and four were added to our membership. At our re- 
cent members' meeting the following officers were elected: P. O. 
Wonner. clerk; Anna Conway, correspondent; Anna Hart, " Mes- 
senger" agent; H. C. Royer, superintendent. The presiding elder is 
to be selected later. The Sisters' Aid was reorganized, with Maria 
Porter as president. Jan. 2 our Sunday-school attendance was 130, 
which taxes the capacity of the hall we occupy at present. The 
average attendance for 1920 was 104. We hope to begin work on our 
new church building in the near future.— J. E. Overholser, Bradford, 
Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Worden.— Our program was held on Christmas Eve. Instead of 
spending money on ourselves, we took an offering of $19 for the 
Chinese famine fund. On the following Sunday morning another 
offering of $10 and the Sunday-school birthday money, $6, was added, 
making in all $35. Wc were favored with three very good missionary 
talks Dec 31, and the two days following, by Brethren C. H. Gnagy 
and John Graham, who were here in the interests of the Volunteer 
Mission Band. An. offering of $5 was taken.— Mrs. J. M. Myers, 
Stanley, Wis., Jan. 3. 

Deshler church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. D. Lytle presiding. 
Bro. S. O. Wilcox was elected Sunday-school superintendent for 
another year.— Esther Dishong, Deshler, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

Pomona.— Jan. 2 our pastor, Bro. Jacob Funk, preached an excellent 
sermon to a full house from the subject: "Go Forward." That the 
Pomona church is getting ready to take her place on the " firing 
line " is evidenced not only by the commendable zeal and earnestness 
of the newly-elected officers but also by the ready response to. the 
appeal for aid for the starving Chinese. In addition to the offering 
of $119, taken for that purpose at Thanksgiving, another offering of 
$323.75 was lifted at Christmas time. An excellent Christmas program 
was given to a crowded house. The Christian Workers' Band, with 
J3ro. Lloyd Funk as president, begins the new year with good pros- 
pects for both interesting and efficient work. Our Wednesday even- 
ings are devoted first to prayer and devotional service, and later to 
musical chorus work, thereby interesting both old and young. Once 
a month the Ladies' Aid Society, of which Mrs. E, T. Reiser, is 
president, gives a birthday dinner at the church, to which all are 
invited, and at which time a liberal birthday offering is taken for 
some worthy cause.— Mrs. Nettie R. Brubaker, Chino, Calif., Jan. S. 

Sterling.— Dec. 26 was a day long to be remembered in our congre- 
gation, for rarely has a Christmas program been rendered with each 
participant entering so fully into the spirit of the occasion. The 
White Gift program was carried out. The gifts in money, totaling 
$30, were divided among several different charities and relief work. 
Besides the special offering our pastor and wife and elder were also 
remembered. An offering of $77.66 was taken prior to Christmas for 
the Chinese sufferers. Jan. 2 Bro. Elgin Moyer and wife, of Chi- 
cago, were with us. Bro. Moyer preached morning and evening. 
Sister Moyer gave a talk at the Christian Workers' Meeting, relat- 
ing some of their experiences in China. Their services were much 
appreciated.— Lillie A. Frantz, Sterling, 111., Jan. 5. 

Denton.— Dec 20 members and friends of the congregation surprised 
our pastor, Bro. L. K. Zicgler, and wife, in a way that will long be 
remembered by all present. When they returned from Dr. C. A. 
Whisler's home, where they had been earlier in the evening, they 
were greeted by sixty-eight people packed in the darkness of the 
rooms of the parsonage. The amount of $47.50 cash in sealed enve- 
lopes and about fifty dollars' worth of provisions were formally 
presented by Eld. J. W. in a happy little speech, to which 
Bro. Ziegler responded. Dec. 26 our Christmas program was rendered 
and an offering of $45.43 was lifted for'the Chinese sufferers. Jan. 2 
Bro. Earl W. Flohr, of Vienna, Va., gave a most interesting talk on 
Religious Education. In the evening he outlined the work of the 
Bible Institute and Training School for church workers, to be held at 
Blue Ridge College Jan. 31 to Feb. 12.— Mrs. C. A. Pent*, Denton, 
Md., Jan. 3. 


Now is the time to send in your order for 
the Yearbook. It contains a vast amount of 
valuable information. Price 10c per copy. 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— Mil 6: io ; l*. if.2 

"Till wc all attain 
fulness of Christ.' 

unto . . , the stature of the 
— Eph. 4: 14. 

Vol. 70 

Elgin, 111., January 22, 1921 

No. 4 

In This Number 

Teaching by Contrast (D. L. M.) 49 

Some Folks You Need Not Pity 49 

Another False Antithesis 49 

Among the Churches 56 

Around the World 57 

The Quiet Hour 58 

The Forward Movement— 

"Do Our Best" (J. R. S.) 53 

Doing Their Best (J. R. S.) S3 

Utility vs. Fertility (C. D. B.) 53 

Contributors' Forum — 

Sunset Thoughts (Toem). By J. N. Overhultz, 50 

Elders Losing Their Grip. By J. H, Moore 50 

Visiting Ping Ting. By J. J. Yoder 50 

Among the Missions of Japan. Korea and China. By J. H. 

B. Williams 51 

The Kansas Essay Contest. By Merlin G. Miller 52 

China's Famine. By F. H. Crumpackcr, 52 

The Round Table- 
Smile. By Mary E. Prentice, 54 

Wearing Off. By Alice B. Roycr S4 

The Cure for Unbelief. By Archer Wallace, 54 

Part of the Way. By Julia Graydon 54 

Our Bodies. By Katie Flory, 54 

Home and Family — 

If We Knew (Poem). Selected by Agnes M. Geib, 54 

With Open Eyes. By Leo Lillian Wise, 54 

Rearing Our Children in the Church. By Jennie Nehcr 55 

Special Notice to the District and Local Secretaries of Our 
Aid Societies. By Mrs. S. L. Whisler, 55 


Teaching by Contrast 

A great deal of the teaching in the New Testament 
is done by contrast. Jesus set forth many truths in his 
teachings by this method. -Several illustrations are 
here given. In the temple, at Jerusalem, possibly near 
the reading-stand or pulpit, the money or treasury box 
was placed, into which the liberally-disposed among 
the worshipers might cast their offerings. The rich 
came in and cast in their silver and gold, until you 
might have heard the jingle of their coins all over the 
temple room. Then, in came a poor widow — not 
gaudily dressed with costly apparel — and she carried 
in her hand only two mites, two-fifths of one cent, 
according to our- measure of value, and cast it in the 
money-box as her offering. Jesus stood there, and 
saw the many offerings cast in. As a rule, most of us 
would say that the rich cast in the most of all. The 
widow's mites were doubtlessly all covered over with 
gold and silver, and she may have felt that they never 
would be found. But God's estimate of real values 
differs largely from that of men. Here Jesus drew a 
most striking contrast between the offerings of the 
rich and that of the poor widow. He said: " Verily 
I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more 
in, than all they which have cast into the treasury. 
For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she 
of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her 

It is reported in the daily papers that John D. 
Rockefeller has given five hundred million dollars of 
his immense wealth for philanthropic purposes. And- 
yet he has not given nearly as much, in the sight of 
God, as did the poor widow. The value of your gift 
does not depend on its size, in the sight of God, but 
upon what he has given you. 

Then come the contrasts between the prodigal and 
the home-staying son, and the woman taken in sin. 
The prodigal came home a repentant sinner and the 
father kindly received him, but his brother's heart was 
steeled against him, and he was not willing to bid 
him welcome. Then note the accusers of the sinful 
woman. These came with the determination to stone 
the woman to death, and they quoted the law to Jesus. 
He did not reply to them at once but, as they con- 
tinued, he rose up from his writing on the ground, 
saying unto them : " He that is without sin among 

you, let him first cast a stone at her." He then con- 
tinued his writing on the ground. Her accusers, con- 
victed of sin, went out one by one, from first to last, 
and not a stone-thrower was left. When Jesus and the 
woman were left alone, he said: "Woman, where 
are these thine accusers? Hath no man condemned 
thee? " She said, " No man, Lord." And Jesus said 
unto her, " Neither do I condemn thee ; go, and sin 
no more." What a marked contrast between the re- 
pentant woman and her sinful accusers! 

And then we have that strong contrast between the 
rich man and the beggar. At the end the beggar is 
seen in Abraham's bosom and the rich man in the 
place prepared for the torment of the souls of the 
wicked. It teaches a most important lesson by con- 
trast. It takes more than earthly riches to secure a 
happy home for the soul in the world to come. We 
learn that even a poor beggar may be a happy, accept- 
ed child of God. Others of the contrasts drawn by 
Jesus, in his wonderful teachings, might be referred 
to, but these will suffice. Read his Word carefully 
and you will note many helpful contrasts. 

In the great " Love Chapter " of the epistolary 
writings, 1 Cor. 13, Paul gives a number of strong 
contrasts. The first is between eloquence and love. 
" Though I speak with the tongues of men and of 
angels, and have not love, I am become as sounding 
brass, or a tinkling cynibal." Eloquence without love 
is but a hollow, empty sound. We may have the high- 
est possible gift of oratory, we may excel Bryan, 
Blaine, Cicero, or Demosthenes, and have the silver 
tongue of an angel, but if we do not have love, our 
speech or sermon is made up of empty, hollow words. 
It was because Paul had a heart full of love, though 
slow of speech, that he became the greatest of the 
apostolic preachers. He had, first and foremost, a 
heart full of love and he made this manifest in his 
wonderful preaching. 

Then Paul draws contrasts between love and 
prophecy, knowledge and faith, and declares that 
these, without love — though we may have them in full 
measure — are nothing. We may prophesy, we may 
have all knowledge, and understand all mysteries, and 
hare faith strong enough to say to yonder mountain : 
" Go hence, and be cast into the sea," and it would 
obey us, yet without love such faith would not lift us 
from nothingness. 

Two of Paul's most striking contrasts are still to 
be noted: "Though I bestow all my goods to feed 
the poor, and though I give my body to be burned, 
and have not love, it profiteth me nothing." Is it possi- 
ble that one might give all his earthly possessions to 
feed the poor, and receive no profit? Jesus gave the 
key-note to this statement of Paul's when he said: 
" When thou doest alms, let not thy lef- hand know 
what thy right hand doeth." If we give, to be seen of 
men — to get our names in the paper — we get, for our 
profit, a bit of earthly praise, a bit of fame, but fame 
is only a breath of air and no profit in it. If 
we give out of a heart full of love for the cause, and 
for the ones to whom we give, we will profit, for God 
loveth and will bless the cheerful, loving giver. 

The next contrast is the most wonderful used by 
Paul : " Though I give my body to be burned, and 
have not love, it profiteth me nothing." I have at 
times wondered how it could be possible for one to 
offer his body to the flames and receive no profit. I 
g&w an illustration in Smyrna, Asia Minor, that 
showed me plainly how this could be done. Through 
the kindness of our good brother, Demitrius Chiri- 
ghotis, I was taken to the Mouharim ceremony of the 
Persian Mohammedans. Sixty men and boys, clothed 

in white robes, each armed with a knife with razor 
edge, began shouting the name of Mohammed's sons, 
who had been slain in Persia, hundreds of years ago. 
Then they waved their sharp knives in the air, cutting 
their heads and faces. When they ceased, their white 
garments were . red with blood from head to foot. 
Some of the self-wounded men were taken to the hos- 
pital and died the next day, so I was told. A man 
may be so fanatical as to take his own life, or 
let his body be burned, but if he is without the love of 
God in the heart, it will not profit him. When the. 
good Bishop Polycarp was burned at the stake, in 
Smyrna, he refused to deny Jesus because of the great 
love he had in his heart for him. When the first Bishop 
of the church at Antioch was cast to the wild beasts 
in the Colosseum in Rome, he refused to deny Christ 
because his heart was full of love towards his blessed 

Numbers of the early Christians gave their bodies 
to be burned because of their great love for Christ. 
The martyrs' death was theirs because they loved 
Christ more than life, and thus they gained the mar- 
tyrs' crown of eternal life. Let us take these contrasts 
to heart and learn the important lesson of love that 
they so strongly teach. d. l. m. 

Some Folks You Need Not Pity 

If all had sacrificed as some did in the million dol- 
lar campaign of a year ago, that goal would have been 
left far behind. For there were some who gave liber- 
ally, some who, like the Macedonians of old, went 
" beyond their power." And yet it is doubtful if you 
could find a single one of them who is sorry. 

The financial situation has changed somewhat with- 
in the past year and some of these faithful souls whose 
hearts are still warm for the cause and who desire to 
minister to the Lord again with their substance, are 
facing a condition of stringency, if not of real hard- 
ship. In spite of this they will still help. How our 
heart goes out to them ! How the Lord must love such 
givers I 

But what about the others who did nothing last year, 
in proportion to their ability? What about the slack- 
ers who salted down their war-time profits, or con- 
sumed them in extravagant luxuries and are now com- 
plaining that, on account of the financial depression, 
they will not be able to do much for the Conference 
budget this year? Have you any tears of sympathy 
for them? 

What ! You are not one of them? 

Another False Antithesis 

Somebody, with more genius for making epigrams 
than for seeing truth on all sides, is raising the cry 
that the important question of the times is not " What 
must I do to be saved? " but " What must I do to save 
others? " As is apt to be the case with maxim-makers, 
he states a half truth. He is right in what he affirms 
and wrong in what he denies. 

Undoubtedly there has been and still is a lot of self- 
ish narrowness in the church's thought of salvation, 
but it is nonsense to talk of saving others without 
knowing what salvation is in one's own experience. 
Yet it is also true that one can not know this and be 
unconcerned about saving others. 

It is another of these false antitheses which one- 
sided minds are always springing on us. We have 
not a choice between two alternatives, but two parts 
of ohe whole. You can not answer either question 
rightly without answering both. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


Sunset Thoughts 

The sun sinks slowly out of sight 
And soon shall cease to give us light, 
But then the great earth speeds away, 
To bear us through another day, 
Into a dawn that is to be, 
Into a vast eternity. 

Likewise the sun of life doth set, 
And all our cares we'll soon forget, 
Hut then the great earth speeds away, 
To bear us through another day, 
Into a dawn that is to be, 
Into a vast eternity. 

< > ii the " new earth " no sun will set, 
1 liere'll be no sorrows to forget, 
File earth may speed, but not away. 
To bear us through another day, 
For we shall reign, O joy to be, 
With -him who gives eternity. 
Delray. Fla. _^ 

Elders Losing Their Grip 


An efficient sea captain was once asked why his 
sailors, climbing among the masts .and spars, adjust- 
ing the sails, never lost their balance, even in the 
worst of storms, and fell into the sea. Grasping a 
rope with his right hand, and holding aloft the left, 
the captain with a decided emphasis said: "We 
teach our boys never to slacken the hold of this [the 
right] hand until they have secured a firm grip with 
the other hand.". He then went on to say that the man 
who strictly observed this fule never fell from the 

The captain had the true idea of success. He had 
mastered the philosophy of life— never to relinquish 

necessary grip until sure of another. This may 

apply to the spiritual and moral side of life as well as 
to the temporal side. It is a splendid rule for those 
employed on the old ship of Zion, as well as for those 
who accept service on the ocean crafts. A sure grip, 
with one hand or the other, on either vessel, spells 

Just now we may be in need of a few lessons along 
the line of the suggestion offered by the sea captain. 
\\ e ha\ e reached the age of marvelous changes, pass- 
ing rapidly from the domain of ecclesiastical authority 
to that of greater liberty in church discipline. Gen- 
erally speaking, church discipline is disappearing, 
while the milder methods of teaching and persuasion 
are coming to the front. In fact, stern methods of 
dealing with those who disregard the decisions of the 
church, may be considered out of date. Church 
authority seems to be up in the air. The elders who 
once ruled with a steady hand, have passed on. Paul 
speaks of the elders who " rule well." The rare thing 
is to find those who rule at all. 

There may have been a time when the average elder 
ruled too sternly. He may have assumed undue au- 
thority, and may possibly have intimidated or offend- 
ed some of the members of his flock, but no one gave 
more time, money or thought in the interest of the 
flock than he did. Sunday after Sunday he preached 
to his people, often traveling for miles to fill his many 
appointments, and paying all of his own traveling 
expenses. He would leave his work day after day, 
to help bury the dead, or to anoint the sick, but nothing 
was said about expenses. Now and then he may have 
received a dollar or two for solemnizing a marriage, 
but as a preacher of the Gospel or as a shepherd or. 
the flock, he bore the cross alone and all his members 
went free. 

But do you say that, as an overseer of the flock, 
he was too strict for the interest of souls? Well, one 
thing is sure, if he was a man of a little more than 
ordinary talent, he built up a strong congregation, and 
was held in high esteem in the community. People by 
the dozen entered the church, and it did not require a 
professional evangelist and a trained singer to move 
them. When once converted, they stayed by the 

church, and even a stranger in the community had 
little difficulty in classifying the converted and the un- 
converted. While the elder may have been a bit 
severe at times, he could, in his large and influential 
congregation, show splendid results. While building 
up his church, and looking after the interest of his 
charge, he may have neglected his family, but he did 
not neglect the family of God. 

True, we are getting away from this method — far 
away from it. In the way of exercising a bit of au- 
thority, most of our elders will confess that they have 
lost their grip. Some may have let go with both 
hands. It makes little difference what Conference 
has said, or even what the New Testament says, the 
disposition is to go slow in discipline. One may wear 
gold as an ornament, but who is disciplined for violat- 
ing both the teachings of the Word of God and the 
Conference decision on this point? We are told that 
we dare not be as strict, on matters of this sort, as 
were the elders of the past generation or two. But 
these elders stood for something. They had a grip on 
something and hung to it. In the matter Sf discipline 
we lose our grip on their method, let go with both 
hands, and that, too, before we settle on something 

Is not this true? Most assuredly it is. We want 
to be more lenient than the fathers were, but what have 
we in place of their methods ? In too many instances 
members dress fully as fashionably as do the uncon- 
verted. We may preach long and loud about coming 
out from the world and being a separate people, but 
there is mighty little real separation. Where is the 
trouble? Are we losing out in methods, or have we 
lost our grip on administering the Gospel? We are 
told that we must get away from these old-time 
methods. But what are we to have in their place ? Are 
we acting as wisely as do the sailors, who cling to 
something substantial until a grip can be secured on 
something better? We may be mistaken, but it does 
not look that way to us. 

We are fully in accord with those who think that 
we should get away from the stern methods of some 
of the good old fathers, but is it sane, to go from 
what we may consider the extreme in them, to the 
looseness in church government found in most other 
churches? If we think some of the fathers were un- 
duly strict, how about the " thus saith the Gospel " on 
the matter of church authority? The Master told his 
apostles that whatsoever they should bind or loose on 
earth should be bound or loosed in heaven. By this 
he meant that they should do their binding and loosing 
with the Gospel. Does not this mean the administer- 
ing of the Gospel in the matter of church discipline? 
It either means that or nothing. That being true, we 
have a duty laid upon elders, the leaders and teachers 
of the flock, that dare not be neglected. When the 
New Testament demands the performance of an act. 
there should never be any question about doing it. It 
is a duty, and our fathers would have reasoned that, 
as loyal shepherds of the flock, they must see that it 
is done. But some one comes to the front with what 
he calls a more loving method. Well and good. It is 
the loving methods that we should encourage, but some 
of these so-called loving and charitable methods, when 
carefully sifted, simply mean, " do as you like and we 
will bear with you." To adopt such methods often 
leads to surrendering the grip our fathers had on the 
Gospel, for something that, in the way of discipline, 
has nothing real substantial in it. 

We hear of elders who, in the matter of administer- 
ing the rules of the church, have simply thrown up 
their hands, saying that they can do nothing. Some 
say that their churches have gotten beyond their con- 
trol. A situation of this sort is to be lamented. We 
do not like to say that it spells weakness for the elders 
or pastors in charge, but it does certainly signify a 
serious neglect. Those made overseers of the flock 
by the Holy Ghost, must certainly have some ad- 
ministrative, Gospel authority. If not, how can they 
rule either well or otherwise? To us, it would seem 
that they should feel that they have the Gospel behind 
them, and that it is their privilege, as well as their 
duty, wisely to employ all the authority that this 
Gospel confers upon them. Not only this, but they 

should consider that they have the Conference back 
of them, for all that the Conference means. 

We are not proposing, in this article, to go into a 
discussion of the nature and use of the authority in- 
vested in elders. We are simply calling attention to a 
matter which, in our judgment, is being lost sight of. 
We do not mean the abuse of authority, but the wise 
use of it for the benefit of the flock as well as the 
cause represented. 

Sebring, Fla. 

Visiting Ping Ting 


Our visit to Ping Ting was somewhat in parts or 
chapters, with considerable time between acts. Being 
centrally located we made it headquarters, coining and 
going as seemed convenient. However, we acquainted 
ourselves with the work and workers, and will try to 
give to the Messenger readers some impressions re- 

We arrived in this station for the first time Aug. 26, 
and took our final departure Nov. 18 — a period of 
about three months. This is the oldest station in our 
mission — Brother and Sister Crumpacker opening 
work here about eleven years ago. The plan followed, 
in building up the plant, is the one most common in 
North China, which is that of centralizing the depart- 
ments of work and thus making one very strong sta- 
tion rather than scattering the work into more stations, 
of fewer workers in each. The plan is to make such a 
station a real training center for workers along all lines 
of missionary endeavor. All the departments have 
been started and are becoming pretty well manned. 
Some of the work is quite new and scarcely past the 
experimental stage. 

The station has done considerable building, but has 
still more building to do in the near future. The 
buildings are in two separate groups. The one within 
the city walls proper, consists of the church, the Boys' 
School, the Girls' School, women's work and the resi- 
dence for the single lady missionaries. Other build- 
ings, to be built into this group, are a Men's Bible 
School building, which work is now housed in connec- 
tion with other work, residences for the Boys' School 
superintendent, the Men's Bible School director, and 
for the city evangelist. Then, too, the church, al- 
though it seats nearly six hundred, is too small and 
•oust be enlarged or a new one built. The school 
buildings will also need more room. 

The other group is in the East suburb, just outside 
the city wall. Here the splendid new hospital is under 
construction. The part to be built now is almost ready 
for use. This building is one of the best and best 
planned mission hospitals in Shansi Province. The 
one administration building and three wards are being 
completed now, with arrangements for five more wards 
later, as the needs grow. 

In this group are also three residences for mission- 
ary homes. One of these is occupied by the Crum- 
packers, another by the Dr. Wamplers, and the third 
by the Brights. These houses are all new, modern, 
and very comfortable. In time two more such resi- 
dences will likely be built here, one for a nurses' home 
and the other for a second foreign doctor. 
The Workers 
Brother and Sister Crumpacker are doing evangelis- 
tic work— much of it in outlying villages. Dr. Wam- 
pler ministers to the sick and suffering in body, and 
sees that such also learn about Jesus. Sister Wampler 
is the mission treasurer, which is no small job, and 
she does it ably. Bro. Bright is the mission architect 
and builder— an exceedingly important and responsi- 
ble position. Bro. Oberholtzer opened the much- 
needed Men's Bible School this fall, and the hope is 
that in time the much-wanted native evangelist will 
come from this group in training. Bro. Bowman is 
just now superintending the Boys' School, during Bro. 
Vaniman's absence on furlough. Bro. Sollenberger 
and family live here while he is continuing his lan- 
guage study, and he may later take up evangelistic 
work here. His work, however, is not yet assigned. 
Sister Anna Blough is doing village evangelistic work. 
Sister Minerva Metzger is at the head of the Girls' 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 

School, and when we visited the school had about 
seventy girls. Sister Bessie Rider is the nurse in 
charge of the Women's Hospital. Sister Laura Shock 
is conducting a women's school and had some ninety 
women in her classes when we visited the work. Sis- 
ter Lulu Ullom is continuing language work and ex- 
pects to open a special Women's Bible School next 
tall. Sister Edna Flory is doing nursing in the Men's 
Hospital, with several native helpers. All these work- 
ers have native helpers who deal directly with the 
natives in the work of the various departments. A 
missionary is a leader of leaders. Unless one can 
function in that capacity, there is very little use to 
come to the field. 

We had very happy visits with all of these workers 
in Ping Ting, and the friendship with each of them 
grew dearer as the acquaintanceship became more 

The married women visit Chinese homes and help 
in women's work and various other duties, besides the 
necessary family duties, as time and opportunity 
afford. When the time came for us to say good-bye 
to these dear folks, Nov. 18, we were loath to leave. 
Both missionaries and Chinese, according to Oriental 
custom, accompanied us out of the city, where the 
parting words were said, and we turned our faces on- 
ward in our journey, thankful in our hearts that we 
could know and love these at Ping Ting and hoping 
that the Lord had here a great work in prospect for 
the people of this needy land of China. 

Just now, in addition to their regular tasks, they are 
taxed with the feeding of ten thousand who will other- 
wise starve. Not only the work, but the witnessing 
of daily suffering like this, is heavy on one's spirit and 
nerves. Surely, the Brotherhood in America must 
help with money and prayers. We trust none of our 
missionaries will need to break down in health because 
of this extra care and labor. May God somehow bless 
it all to China's future good! 

Among the Missions of Japan, Korea and 


Our party has now been away from the States for 
more than four months, and our visit among the mis- 
sionaries of North China is already finished. We are 
sailing away from them, but we will ever retain a 
very large place in our hearts for them and their work, 
and are bearing away with us nothing but precious 
memories of our sojourn. Every moment with them 
was delightful and they did everything they could, to 
make our visit both enjoyable and profitable. 

Bro. Yoder is telling the Messenger readers of our 
visit among our own missionaries, and I think it would 
be of interest to tell something of such of the other 
missions also, as it was our good fortune to visit. 
During these months we have not only been at the 
Tokyo Sunday School Convention, but also at more 
than twenty mission stations in Japan, Korea and 
China. The purpose of these visits was to study the 
work of other missions in the light of what our own 
missionaries are doing. We tried, primarily, to visit 
those neighboring missions that have work similar to 
our own, or such as our workers contemplate open- 

When visiting with these people, one is constantly 
impressed with the universal hospitality and friendli- 
ness of missionaries. There are several reasons, no 
doubt, for this. They are chosen as missionaries, after 
having volunteered for service, because they are world- 
wide in vision. They are off the beaten paths of travel, 
quite largely, and are glad to see people from back 
home. They are constantly being taught in the school 
of friendship, for above all things a missionary must 
show himself a friend. Then, in addition to all this, 
their intimate fellowship with the Father has been a 
constantly sweetening force in their lives. 

We visited the English Baptist work in Tai Yuan 
Fu, the capital of Shansi Province, where our own 
mission hopes to plant its next station. Here we saw 
the work of the English Baptists, with their schools 
and hospitals. We went out with one of their num- 
ber, several miles, to their cemetery, and stood, with 

uncovered heads, at the large grave where lie the 
bodies of their missionaries who died as martyrs in 
Boxer times. 

From here we went with Brethren Ernest Wampler 
and W. J. Heisey by train and mule cart to Taiku, 
a mission of the American Board, and visited their 
schools, hospital and women's work, and met the 
seventeen boys from our own mission, who are taking 
advanced school work. It testified to the spiritual tone 
of our mission, when the Taiku missionaries said that 
our boys were leaders in the spiritual life of the school 
and that several of them were planning for the 

Two days from Taiku, by mule cart, is the city of 
Fenchow. This place we reached through a dusty 
road. On the way we stopped at Chi Hsien and visit- 
ed the missionary man and wife who are located there 
for the China" Inland Mission. We spent one night 
with the two China Inland missionaries and their wives 
who live at Ping-Yao. One of these last-named men 
is the business agent for more than a dozen stations 
of the Inland Mission, still farther inland than this, 
and sends them their needed supplies from the outside 
world. The China Inland Mission workers at these 
places devote most of their efforts to the task of 
evangelization. They do not have large schools here. 

At Fenchow we found a flourishing work of the 
American Board. There they have splendid schools 
for boys and girls, and a school of higher grade for 
boys, a women's work department, and hospital work. 
A class for evangelists was also in progress while wc 
were there. Here are located two doctors— a man and 
a lady — but their work is being carried on, as yet, in 
the native Chinese quarters. Their splendid large 
hospital, the most pretentious we have yet seen, in 
the fields outside of the largest centers, stands there 
unfinished. A huge structure it is, waiting for the 
generosity of some philanthropist to see it completed. 
What a pity it is that this institution — the only one in 
a great territory — can not be completed for these 
suffering people! Too bad it is that such competent 
doctors must spend so much of their time in incon- 
venient Chinese quarters. The doctor has been out 
here almost twelve years, nearly ready now for his 
second furlough. 

Another worker, whom we met here, must be 
especially mentioned — Rev. Watts O. Pye. This man, 
who has been in China for, perhaps, eleven years, is 
accomplishing a wonderful work for God in evangel- 
ism. He now has fifty-two outstations under his care. 
with their own evangelists. He is an apostle of that 
increasing school of China — missionaries who are 
urging greater diligence in the development of a self- 
supporting, self-propagating and self-governing Chi- 
nese church. His work in that line and its prosperity 
speak louder than anything he himself even might say, 
in support of his plan. Bro. Heisey remained in Fen- 
chow and accompanied Mr. Pye on one of his visits to 
his large parish. 

On our way to the Tokyo Convention, with Bro. 
Crumpacker, we called upon those in charge of a Faith 
Mission at one of the cities where we were detained 
for a few hours. The work of this devoted couple is 
very largely evangelistic. While one can not deny 
the faith of these people, they are representatives of a 
class of workers, to be found in many mission fields 
of the world. Their devotion often excels their judg- 
ment; they usually respect no rules of comity; they 
are supported by no organization ; they may be here 
today and there tomorrow ; they strike terror to the 
organized work of other missions, when they feel 
called upon to settle in a town occupied by others, and 
to proclaim that the teachings of those others is not 
according to their own special revelation. 

We next visited at Tehchow (pronounced Du-jo) 
and had the privilege of meeting with Drs. Francis 
and Emma Tucker, two of the best known physicians 
in North China. The school-work, evangelistic work 
and hospital are exerting a great influence in Shan- 
tung Province — one of the most thickly populated in 
China. Thence southward, we stopped at Tsi-nan-fu, 
where we found a large Union Medical School, and 
Shantung Union Christian University. Union institu- 
tions like these are to be found at various places in 

China — since the needs of one mission would not 
justify such institutions. Then, too, few missions, if 
any, have sufficient funds and teachers to care for 
such an expensive work as a school of higher learning. 
We visited the work of Dr. Whitewright, of the English 
Baptists. He has a rather unusual and unique project. 
His work is along the lines of visual education. 
By means of large pictures and drawings, models of 
ships, machines, reforested hills and sanitary towns, 
and mottoes and rules of health, printed in large type, 
stuff ed"animals and birds, etc., etc., he is able to teach 
the Chinese many useful things. Many hours in the 
day are given over to lectures on- these various ob- 
jects, either by himself or one of his helpers, to the 
crowds that come to see this wonderful exhibit of un- 
usual things. The Chinaman is a curious individual 
and tin's type of education is sure to attract his atten- 

At this place we also saw the work of the Presbj 
terian Mission', which is rapidly growing. Late on a 
Friday night we went by railroad, for a few hours, to 
climb Tai Shan, one of China's most sacred mountains. 
At its feet we found a very large work of the Metho- 
dist Church. This mountain is visited annually by 
pilgrims from various places of China and Thibet, and 
the mission is located here to disseminate the good 
news to those from remote regions. As for Tai Shan, 
we climbed it, and saw its top, upon which, it is said, 
a Chinese emperor first worshiped heaven, fifteen hun- 
dred years before Moses received the Law on Mt. 

From this place we went by train and then by boat 
to Japan. One mission of the American Board and 
one of the Methodist Church were all that we had 
opportunity to visit in Kobe, the port at which we 
landed. In Kyoto we spent some time at Doshisha 
University, but it was on a Sunday and we did not 
have an opportunity to see the students in their work. 
Other places in Japan were given a shorter time, for 
we were limited in our schedule here. Mission work 
in Japan, we were told, is prospering quite well, though 
it is but natural that the flood of learning, which this 
country has received from Germany, as well as some 
ideas, obtained from America and England, has not 
been at all conducive to spiritual growth. The oppo- 
site has been more truly the case, since this country, 
like America, is enjoying a war-time prosperity, and 
the militarist is in the saddle. Japan's young manhood 
needs help, for it is swinging from Buddhism to ma- 
terialism and gross agnosticism. I trust that our 
Brethren in America will not cease to pray for the 
missionaries of Japan, and for the splendid group of 
Christian Japanese, who are battling for their faith 
against tremendous odds in this country. I think 
that we have met no finer, keener body of Christians 
anywhere than some of these stalwart, godly sons of 
Japan. Jesus Christ is the only hope of these Chris- 
tians and they realize the forces of evil with which 
they must cope. 

In another article I have already told of the missions 
that we visited in Korea, and of the wonderful evi- 
dences of God's presence in Seoul, Pyeng, Yang and 
Sen Sen. God is not allowing his persecuted and mar- 
tyred children of this land to shed their willing blood 
in vain. 

At Peking, our visit to the work of the American 
Board was brief, as we did not have time to see their 
mission in operation. That of the Presbyterian 
Church, North, we visited, but only for a short time, 
seeing something of their industrial plant and visiting 
with one of their live men. It would be an interesting 
thing, too, to tell of the great Medical School and 
Hospital which is being erected in Peking by the 
Rockefeller Foundation. This great institution, cost- 
ing several millions of dollars, is to train young Chi- 
nese physicians. It will possibly be without an equal 
in equipment anywhere when it is finished. 

On a Saturday, with Brethren Crumpacker and 
Oberholtzer, we went out thirty miles from Peking to 
visit Tungchow, with its station of the American 
Roard. We went here primarily to visit the school for 
American children, at which place Master Frantz 
Crumpacker and Miss Esther Bright are pursuing their 

(Cohlinued on Page 58) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 

The Kansas Essay Contest 


The Anti-Cigarette Essay Contest, now being con- 
ducted by the District Temperance Committee of 
Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern Colorado, is 
one of the finest efforts the Church of the Brethren 
lias vet made to fortify our boys and girls against the 
ever-increasing menace of the cigarette. In the effort 
, to learn facts regarding the most deadly effects of the 
cigarette, and in the endeavor to state thpse effects 
most convincingly, the boys and girls of Kansas will 
undoubtedly lind many reasons of which they had 
never thought before, for keeping entirely free from 
the dangerous habit of using tobacco. Such essay 
contests are to be commended to other Districts also. 
Even local Sunday-schools in other Districts could 
well undertake such a contest. 

There are three features of the Kansas plan which 
deserve comment. First, I lie plan is eminently fair to 
all the contestants. All who are more than seventeen 
years of age (on March 1, 1921) are ineligible to 
enter the contest. So also are all those who have been, 
or now are, in attendance at a coIleg*e or academy. 
Furthermore, all those who are eligible to enter are 
divided into two classes — those who have completed 
grade school, and those who have not. And, finally, 
hoys and girls arc put in separate classes. This means 
that boys and girls, who view the cigarette evil from 
different standpoints, shall not be forced to compete 
against each other. Furthermore, those who do com- 
pete, both boys and girls, will not have to compete 
with those who have had larger advantages of school 
than they themselves have had. The boys and the 
girls, who have not finished grade school, will not be 
expected to write as long essays as the boys and girls 
who have finished the grade schools. So the contest 
is eminently fair to all who enter. Indeed it is not a 
contest, but a grades series of four contests. 

In the second place, this is not only a District con- 
test, but it is to be a series of local contests as well. 
Each Sunday-school in the District is to have its own 
local contest, select its own contest leader, appoint its 
own judges, and give its own prizes. Since the con- 
test is open to those who are not regular members of 
the Sunday-school, this gives an opportunity to get 
other boys and girls interested in the local Sunday- 
school. And the essays which win in the local contest 
are to be sent in to the District contest. What an 
honor it will be to the boys and girls, whose essays will 
represent their Sunday-school in the contest, with two 
dozen other Sunday-schools, with a fair chance of 
winning the District prizes. 

In the third place, each boy and girl who enters the 
contest, is to be supplied with helpful literature, giving 
the facts about tobacco in general and the cigarette in 
particular. This literature has been carefully chosen, 
first as to its accuracy, and second as to the simplicity 
of il> statements. These helps for the boys and girls 
will lie sent free by the General Temperance and 
Purity Committee. 

More important than these variousdetails, however, 
is it that we realize how much this sort of a contest 
will mean to the boys and girls who take part. As 
the Kansas Committee says: " Whether a person wins 
the prize or not, he will win untold values in what he 
will get out of the contest — information, conviction, 
resolution, character. That is enough and every one 
will win that." 

Further information can be had by writing to the 
Secretary of the District Committee, Prof. W. O. 
Beckner, of McPherson, Kans. And free literature 
for the boys and girls can be had by writing to the 
General Temperance and Purity Committee, Elgin, 111. 

China's Famine 

An Open Letter 

Dear brother in the home church, I want to have a per- 
sonal chat with you about something'To eat. 

Several of our neighbors are having famine conditions. 
We represent you on the China field, and I want to tell 
you what we have done. We have considered this from a 
point of view as reasonable as we know how, and, after 
making an estimate, we felt like trying to feed a certain 
number of people through the winter and into the spring, 
until they can raise vegetables. We know there is no 

use to spread out over too big a field, for if the funds were 
gone, then the people would die anyhow. We would have 
done what, to a lot of people, seems cruel- We have 
chosen eleven villages that we hope to see through the 
year. Their neighbors, however, are sure to die unless 
help comes from the outside. 

This fact we know, and we are doing what we are, be- 
cause of the fact that thousands must die unless help 
conies. Wc wrote and wired to our Mission Board and 
they sanctioned our call for $25,000 which will keep the 
people in our eleven villages alive, if you furnish the 
money, so that the Board can give to us the amount 

Now, there is the situation for the eleven villages. 
There are forty other villages in this county, just as much 
in need of food as the eleven we have begun on. Do you 
wonder what wc will do with the other forty? Well, I 
will tell you that we will do nothing unless we are in- 
structed to do something. Five dollars will keep a person 
alive till next spring's vegetables can be gathered in. Our 
county of Ping Ting has at least 56,000 needy ones, who 
must have that amount of help or they will perish this 
winter. I have been in plenty of homes during the past 
month that did not have a ten-pound bag of anything that 
one. could cat with relish. I saw barrels and barrels of 
tree leaves. In many places they have elm tree bark and 
in some places they have gathered thorn bushes and have 
scraped the bark off the stems for food, keeping the rest 
for fuel. The misery of it all has not yet begun in earnest. 
If they can survive till the cold weather sets in, then we 
will see the real misery. Hunger and cold will claim them 

At the present calculations the Church of the Brethren 
in China can and will save about five or six thousand 
lives from starvation. There are fifty thousand more, 
right here in our own county, that we could help if we 
had the funds. Will you furnish the funds? If you want 
to see our Board undertake this matter, write to them and 
tell them you can be responsible for the other 50,000. 
$250,000 will do it. 

Now I am through with my appeal. These are what 
one would call cold facts. At least they make me shudder 
when I think of them. H I had a way to relieve this 
situation on this side, I would do it but I have no way and 
therefore I appeal to you. 

We will act as fast as we have the promise. At present 
we arc acting on faith, for these eleven villages are ours 
only providing you will see that we have the funds. Let 
me tell you a possibility: What would happen if we would 
get half of the $25,000 that we need for this. Well, that 
is easy. As soon as our money would be gone, we could 
not do anything but quit. We would have lost faith with 
the entire village, and four-fifths now on the food-roll 
would die. Brother, I, for one, am expecting you to do 
your part and keep this portion alive and if another 
several thousand can be taken into the list, all will be well. 
Yesterday a deputation of the best men in this place 
called on me and appealed for help. Today another group 
from a different section came. They simply see no help 
from within and are seeking from without. May those 
who have been moved of the Lord to help, come to the 
aid of the perishing! 

We have undertaken a great work and are expecting 
you to help. Can we depend on you? 

Ping Ting Hsien, China. F. H. Crumpacker. 



One of the times of the year to which we always look 
eagerly forward is the Christmas season, and this year 
was no exception. Programs were given by both Sunday- 
schools to well-filled houses. One of the most important 
features of the program was the White Gifts Service. 
The needs of the Chinese famine sufferers had been pre- 
sented to our people previously, so that, when the offering 
was taken, every one entered heartily into the spirit of giv- 
ing. When all the classes and individuals had presented 
their offerings, they reached the sum of $2,131.57. In addi- 
tion to what had already been given, several of the classes 
helped make a number of the children and shut-ins of our 
own city happier by their thoughtful remembrances. A 
treat was given to the Sunday-school children at the close 
of the program. 

Both Sunday-schools were reorganized during the month 
of December. The average attendance of the South church, 
for the year, was 258; in the city, 164. The total amount 
of all offerings, received through the two schools, aggre- 
gated $3,502,38. Two second-year teacher-training classes 
were conducted in the South school during the year, and 
three first-year classes have been started for the present 

Jan. 3 our quarterly business meeting was held, at which 
time new officers were appointed for the ensuing year. 
Progress was noted along many lines. Although a num- 
ber of members have moved away and others have been 
taken by death, our membership has steadily increased 
until it now numbers 599. Since the last report one has 

been received by baptism and twenty-one by letters, six 
of them being officials. 

A committee of three, appointed to investigate Vacation 
Church Schools, gave their report, and plans are being 
made to conduct two such schools during the summer — 
one in the South church and one in the city. In view of 
this fact, it was decided to send two delegates to the 
special Bible Institute at Mt. Morris College in February. 
At the present time twenty-two of our young people are 
in school and doing school work. The majority of them 
are at Mt. Morris College. 

Regardless of the fact that there has been a great de- 
pression in the commercial world, the yearly financial re- 
port shows an encouraging gain over former years. Not 
only financially, but along every line of endeavor there 
has been a steady growth. The, Christian Workers' De- 
partment, reorganized, began the year with renewed as- 
pirations, which bespeak a greater future. While the year 
just past has been one of vast opportunities and 
blessings, we are looking forward to the present year for 
still greater opportunities of service. Anna M. Hamer. 
Waterloo, Iowa. 



McPherson, Kans., Jan. 23-30 

Sunday services, Jan. 23, 11 A. M., Prof. E. B. Hoff, 
" The True Perspective in Life." 8 P. M., Prof. Nininger, 
"Science and the Simple Life." Jan. 30, 11 A. M., Dr. 
Culler, "The Church and the City of God." 8 P. M., 
Dr. Kurtz, Missionary Sermon. 

Prof. E. B. Hoff, Character as Revealed in the Life of 
Christ, 9-10 A. M., Jan. 24-29. The Laws of Bible Inter- 
pretation, 3:30-4:30, Jan. 24-27. Ministers' Conference, 
4:30-5:30, Jan. 27-29. 

Dr. Culler, Bible, 10:30-11:30, Jan. 24-29. 

Eld. Geo. W. Burgin, Premillennialism— Its Effect on 
Bible Interpretation, 11:30-12:30, Jan. 24. Premillennial- 
ism— Its Effect on World Evangelization, 11:30-12:30, 
Jan. 25. 

Prof. Nininger, Science's Responsibility for Mental 
Progress, 11:30-12:30, Jan. 26 and 27. 

Prof. Deeter, Development of Prophetism in Israel, 11: 
30-12:30, Jan. 28 and 29. Ministers' Conference, 4:30-5: 
30, Jan. 24-26. 

Prof. Roger Winger, Religious Education, 2:30-3:30, 
Jan. 24-29. 

Dr. Hoover, I i His Steps, 3: 30-4: 30, Jan. 28. The For- 
gotten Army, 3:30-4:30, Jan. 29. 

Prof. Mohler| Agriculture, 4:30-5:30, Jan. 24, 26-29. 

Prof. Swope, Paints and Painting, 4:30-5:30, Jan. 25. 
The Interior of the House, 4: 30-5: 30,. Jan. 26. 

Miss Hollinger, Liquid Diet— Demonstration, 4:30-5: 
30, Jan. 24. Exhibit, 4: 30-5: 30, Jan. 25. School Lunch- 
eons, 4:30-5:30, Jan. 28. Why Teach Home Economics, 
4:30-5:30, Jan. 29. 

Miss Belle McKinney, R. N., Observations of a Public 
Health Nurse, 4:30-5:30, Jan. 27. 

7:30-8:30, Jan. 24; Musical. 

Dr. Kurtz, Lecture, Japan, 7: 30-8: 30, Jan. 25. 

Maude Ballington Booth, Lecture 7:30-8:30, Jan. 26. 

Prof. McMurray, Reading, Ben Hur, 7:30-8:30, Jan. 27. 

Educational Meeting, 7:30-8:30, Jan. 28. 

United Literary Societies— Anti-Tobacco Oratorical 
Contest, 7:30-8:30, Jan. 29. 

Lodging free. Board, $1.25 per day. Write for reserva- 
tions to Prof. J. W. Deeter, McPherson, Kans. 


During 1920, which just closed, 145 ministers -were 
elected, as reported by the "Messenger." One hundred 
ministers were ordained to the eldership during 1920. 

Nine ministers were ordained to the eldership in Middle 
Pennsylvania in 1920; Eastern Maryland ord?vned nine; 
Eastern Pennsylvania, eight; the Second District of Vir- 
ginia, eight. Edgar M. Hoffer. 

Elizabethtown, Pa. 

Notice for Yearbook 

In amplifying and rearranging the list of "Churches 
with Pastors and Elders in Charge," the Middle and 
Western Districts of Maryland were inadvertently omitted 
in the 1921 Yearbook. We give the information herewith, 
suggesting that it be clipped out and attached to the 
margin of page 72 of Yearbook, for permanent reference: 
Maryland, Middle 

Beaver Creek. Caleb Long E. Boonsboro Md. 

Berkeley. W H Bradley E, Kearnc ysville W Va. 

Brownsville, Noah P Castle E. 

Hagerstown, F F Holsopple P; W S Relchard E. 

Johnsontown. Paul Zuck P. Hngcrstown; Caleb Long E 

Licking; Creek. Jobn A Myers E, Millstone Md. 

Manor, John Rowland E. Maugansvillc Md. 

Pleasant View. John S Bowlus P & E. Burkittsville Md. 

Welsh Run. David M Zuck E, Mercersburg Pa. 
Maryland, Western 

Bear Creek, S A Miller E. Accident Md. 

Cherry Crove. D M Merrill F. Avihon, Md. 
. I W Abernathy K. Wilson W Va. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


The Forward Movement Department 

Conducted by the General Director, Chas. D. Bonsack 

" Do Our Best " 

Sunday, Feb. 13, has been designated as " Do Our 
Best " Day, when the entire Brotherhood, in sermon 
and prayer and offering shall resolve to do our best 
toward closing our financial year with pledges toward 
the Conference Offering met in full, in so far as we 
are able. 

There is yet remaining, unpaid, a goodly percentage 
of the pledges made during the Forward Movement 
campaign of 1920. A new year is almost upon us. 
There has come a reduction of prices. This has affect- 
ed people in different ways, and the fanner especially 
has had to suffer from declining values. Others are 
out of employment or on reduced schedule. The bases 
of hope to meet our pledges, when we made them, 
have disappointed us. Yet our blessings are so abound- 
ing and the world's need so very great, that we shall 
want to do our very best to make good our promises. 
There are many reasons why we owe our very best 
in this matter : 

First. To ourselves. We shall be better, stronger 
and happier in the knowledge that any shortage in 
blessing was from no fault that is our own. 

Second. To a world in sin and need without hope. 
For all these Christ died and he expects us to " carry 
on " in the face of discouraging conditions. No one 
ever faced more discouraging conditions than he. 

Third. To maintain the good record of our church 
in promises met. Our fathers had an enviable record 
that we should not pass by lightly. Of the members 
of the early church it was said : " Their word is as 
good as their bond." Let us stand by the record. 

Fourth. To our Heavenly Father whom we should 

not rob. His work and his call ought to be sufficient 

to call us to any sacrifice necessary to meet his need. 

Fifth. To the increased joy of heaven if we give 

in Christ's name. 

Let Us Do Our Best 
Some have wondered if they would have to pay. 
Others have wondered if the church would have to 
pay for those who can not. Certainly there will be 
no force used. If any one who has pledged can not 
pay the whole amount, or any part of the amount, no 
coercion will be used to exact such payment. Urgently 
as the money is needed for the various uses for which 
it was subscribed, it would lose the full measure of 
blessing if the subscriber were forced to pay. All that 
is asked of any one who has made a pledge — whether 
it be individual or church — is, that he " do his best " 
as he would answer before God. It would be a splen- 
did thing for any church, that has members that made 
pledges in good faith, but who, because of changing 
financial conditions, will be unable to meet their obli- 
gation to the Forward Movement in full, to assist by 
a free-will offering. In many places this could be 
done splendidly and no one he the worse for the extra 
effort. Then there are churches that did but little for 
different reasons. Here is an opportunity to " increase 
in good works " and add strength and joy to your 
service of love. 

The need, the opportunity, the possibility, the field, 
the call, the Master— all are urging us to do our best. 
We will respond. 

We Must Do Our Best 

■ J. *■ s. 

sickness, we were shut out of work, but we will try, 
if God is willing, to pay everything by the time it is 
due. Asking you to pray for the work here, we re-, 
main." etc. 

Well, after reading this letter, and knowing some- 
thing of the sacrifice it would take for this little con- 
gregation to " do their best," we confess we felt more 
like praying for ourselves that we might have the same 
consecration and courage, to meet disappointments 
and unexpected situations. With this spirit of service, 
this church will win out against the odds that are 
against her members. J. R. s. 

to God, gave their lives to schools, printing, and such 
other endeavors as put life above a living and God 
above gold. It is character and conviction like this 
that yet yield bountifully for the future and the 
Kingdom. Let us see to it that these deep-rooted con- 
victions and* unreserved loyalty to Jesus Christ shall 
permeate our homes, our schools and our churches, 
for in so doing we shall do our best for the age in 
which we live and contribute most fruitfully to those 
who may live after us. c. D. B. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

As cold water to a thirsty soul, 

s good n,« from a far country 

Utility vs. Fertility 

This seems to be an age of statistics. The most of 
us are busy filling out questionnaires. Everything is 
counted and surveyed. Everybody wants to know 
what you have done, what you are worth. What 
is youf" pedigree? It is what we call a utilitarian age. 
Both education and religion have been dominated by 
this ideal. Efficiency and accomplishment are the 
measure of a man. With all the effort to emphasize 
character, it is difficult to survive the mad rush for 

This explains why we are so busy, and have so little 
time for music, poetry, fellowship, prayer, worship, 
or even thinking. Our lives are aimed at efficiency 
rather than fertility. We are like a rented farm — 
tilled superficially for present profit, rather than for 
future fertility. Our life products are of the field 
daisy type — fairly pretty to look at, but contribute 
nothing to the soil of life for future needs. This is at 
the bottom of modern dress and social customs, whicli 
reflect so little thought, character or grace. We are 
sacrificing the future wealth of the race on the altar 
of present pleasure and indulgence. 

It is this tendency that makes necessary so much 
organization of a spectacular type. The psychology 
of the crowd has been substituted too much for reason. 
We like to- see the wheels of machinery and hear the 
shout of march and parade. It seems easier to give 
money and time to promotion and propaganda, rather 
than to righteousness, restitution and love. Our atten- 
tion has been called from the individual to the crowd. 
The old-fashioned Quaker meeting of quiet and wor- 
ship would scarcely fit into our modern religious life. 
Now all these things are not wrong in themselves. 
Service and efficiency must ever be the test of life and 
religion. The Lord counted his converts and so did 
the apostles. They were commanded to contemplate 
' the fields, even before they prayed for laborers. But 
we shall do well to see that our work is not superficial. 
The sustaining life of religion must be deeply rooted 
in the soul. To avoid the outbursts of sin and selfish- 
ness, the spirit of Christ must .reign in the heart. 
Action must be preceded by thought and motive and 
sustained by prayer and divine fellowship. 

We will do well to watch our educational ideals, that 
they are not over-utilitarian. We want to produce 
with toil and efficiency as much as we can, but never 
at the expense of honesty nor righteousness. We owe 
something to future generations. This debt can only 
be paid by deep convictions of truth in our own hearts 
—by enriching the soul with the deeper impulses of 
righteousness and thought. We must make 

Fruitdnle church met in council Jan. 1. Church and Sunday-school 
officeri were elected: Bro. M. Wine, elder; the writer, secretary 
and Sunday-school superintendent. Our school decided not to present 
Kills this year on Christmas, hut to send the money to the Chinese 
sufferers. A collection of $23 was taken.— J. Z. Jordan, Fruitdale, 
Ala.. Jan. 6. 


An Appreciation.— The night before Christmas we were happily 
surprised by friends and members of the Laton congregation. Two 
brethren walked into the house, saying: " Uncle Dave and Aunt 
Jennie, come out here; we have something to show you." We ac- 
companied them to the gate. There stood a large crowd and in their 
midst n shining new Ford. Bro. John Coffman, a young minister 
of our congregation, home from .school on his vacation, presented 
the machine to us. in behalf of the members and friends. After 
gainiiig our composure, wc tried to express our gratitude and appre- 
ciation to these dear people, for their gift of love, and invited them 
into our home. Upon further investigation we found the Ford 
equipped with a self-starter, shock absorbers and a dash-light. And 
it was loaded with groceries. After a pleasant evening together, 
in social conversation, we had a season of prayer, asking God's bless- 
ing on our brethren and sisters and friends for their sacrifice in mak- 
ing this gift, and praying for the Father's guidance that wc might 
use the gift in advancing God's work in this community. Then all 
departed, wishing each other a joyful Christmas time. Such acts of 
love arc an inspiration to us, to do greater work for Christ and the 
church.-F.ld. D. R. and Jennie A. Holsingcr, Laton, Calif.. Jan. 10. 

Elk Crcck.-Thc church recently enjoyed a visit from Elders W. H. 
Brubaker and C. Ernest Davis, of Live Oak. Calif. On the evening 
of Dec. 30, Bro. Davis preached for us. A very appreciative audience 
heard him. Dec. 31 our council was held. Our pastor. Bro. J. J, Rep- 
pert, with his wife, was advanced to the eldership, Church and 
Sunday-school officers were elected as follows: Elder, Bro. J. J. 
Reppert; church clerk and correspondent. Sister Jessie Silver; Sun- 
day-school superintendent, Bro. Elmer Silver. It was decided to deed 
our church property to the Northern California District Board of 
Trustees. For several years wc have had no minister. The District 
Mission Board succeeded in placing Bro. Reppert and family here 
last October. Already results of his efforts begin to be apparent. 
Our little band of members is taking on new life. People are be- 
coming interested. Elk Creek is located in the foothills of the Coast 
RariRe Mountains. Our nearest railroad point is Fruto— six miles 
away. We have a delightful climate, and brethren who desire a 
pleasant jnountain home are invited to investigate our country.— 
Jessie Silver, Elk Creek, Calif., Dec. 31. 

Empire Sunday-school gave a well-prepared program on Christmas 
Eve. On Sunday evening following. Sister Cora E. Slatiley began 
instruction in song service, continuing through the holiday week in 
connection with the Bible Institute conducted by Bro. R. II. Miller. 
ol I a Verne, and C. E. Voder, of Fowler. Calif, Bro. Miller gave us 
an interesting and practical sermon from John 3: 16 on Sunday fol- 
lowing the close of the Institute. Arrangements have been made to 
have Bro, D. W. Kurtz with us in Bible Institute work a year hence. 
—John W. Vetler, Empire, Calif., Jan. 4. 

Lindsay church has enioyed another special treat, made possible 
by securing some of the talent from La Verne College. Brother 
and Sister B. S. Haugh gave us two weeks of instruction in music 
and in Bible and hymn reading. Many of our members took ad- 
vantage of every lesson and they are the ones who really appre- 
ciated their work. Wc feel that they have shown us how to make 
our song service and Scripture reading more impressive. A joint 
Sunday-school Convention of seven churches was held here Jan. 2. 
A very helpful program was given. Brother and Sister Haugh 
furnished special music and readings for this program. Our base- 
ment is not yet completed. We hope to have it ready for our 
growing Sunday-school by Feb. 1. Bro. Franl*. our pastor, is hold- 
ing a revival meeting in the Raisin church at present.— Mrs. Emma 
V. Yodcr. Lindsay. Calif.. Jan. S. 

Long Beach.-Dcc. 22 the Sisters - Aid Society reorganized with 
Sister Cora Hofi, President. The Aid made a very good showing 
during the last year. Dec. 26 the children gave a very excellent 
Christmas program, after which Eld. Zimmerman delivered a strong 
sermon In the evening Bro. Ernest Vaniman gave his illustrated 
lecture on China to a well-filled house. An offering of S?0 was 
taken for the Chinese sufferers. Two Sunday-school classes had 
lised $40 for this same purpose. On account of the death 


Doing Their Best r >om for the trulv beautiful and good, in music, poetry. 

There is a little mission church in one of the in- love and mercy. The base, abnormal and perverted 

dustrial cities of Ohio-only a few members and none presentations of the modern novel and picture show 

wealthy-simply working people. ' They subscribed will not produce all their pernicious fruits in this gen- 

$500 to the Forward Movement budget. Times have eration. neither can you bun- the mfluence of grace and 

changed in that citv. The factories are idle. The men goodness with the body from which they radiated, 

are out of work. Are they asking that their pledges l n our own Church of the Brethren, we will do well 

be cancelled? Not at all. Here is an extract from not to forget that our fathers belonged to that class of 

a letter that came from them, signed on behalf of the 
church : " We are proud of our pledge and will pay 
every cent of it, but we may be slow in getting it 
collected. We are all workingmen and we have all 
had the smallpox down here. When we got over the 

people who sacrificed home and native land and en- 
Mured pcrsccutioq and poverty for their faith. Many 
crave their lives in devotion to God. Everything was 
secondary to God. The rich heritage that is ours came 
not by accident. Those faithful fathers, in allegiance 

previously i 

of our pastor's falh 

filled the pulpit J; 

. Eld. J. 



much spiritual good 
again to call the attei 
the fact that a great 
come to our city at all 
160S East Third Street, 
es of all such, whethe 
visit them. The chur 
East Third.— Mrs. J. R 

Patterson.— Sim 
family have mo 1 
special council w 
Miller was chosen Sunday 
church trustee. 

Oct. 1, 

and three were 
Christmas Eve. 
balance of $7074 
send to the Chine: 
Jan. 10. 

Riverside.— Chris 
at Riverside, Calif 

Gilbert, of Los Angeles. 
He gave us two very strong, spiritual scr- 
ble Study and prayer service are growing 
as well as in attendance. We hope that 
11 come from these meetings. Wc wish 
ion of the readers of the " Messenger " to 
iany tourists as well as locating members 
imes. Our pastor. Eld. J. S. Zimmerman, at 
suld be glad to have the names and address- 
members or friends, in order that he may 
i is located on the corner of Walnut and 
Shivcly. Long Beach, Calif.. Jan. 6. 
lection of our officers. Bro. Wilkinson and 
ed from our midst, leaving several vacancies. A 
is called to elect others to fill the same. Sister Ida 
hool superintendent; Bro. J. G. Follis. 
.„, school officers were all elected to serve until 
I close the fiscal year. Four fetters were granted 
received. An interesting program was given on 
After paying all expenses for the year, we had a 
n the Sunday-school treasury, which wc decided to 
■se relief fund-Mrs. Edna Wray, Patterson, Calif., 



were held 
lie program consisted o 
.. special collection was taken for the Chinese 
sufferers, and a treat was given. Two duets were sung by two of 
our Chinese ladies, who also each gave a reading. Others made _ex- 
cellenl talks on the subject of the day. The program would have 
'been a credit to any place. We raised $24.S0 (or the starving people 
of China.-L. D. and Mrs. Bosscrman. Riverside, Calif.. Jan. 7. 

Waterford church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. Jacob Dcardorff 
nr*«;dino Five letters were received. Wc elected our church. Sun- 
liaysdmo. and Christian Workers' officers: Bro. Deardorff .elder; 
Bro Isaac Barklow. Sunday-school supcr.ntendent ; Bro. Datin Mc- 
Mullen clerk; Bro. Elvin Barklow. •■Messenger' agent ; the writer, 
church correspondent. Dec. 12 Bro. J. W. Barnett. of Bandon, Oregon, 
closed a two weeks' series of meetings. Four were received into 
church fellowship by baptism. Bro. Barnett preached the Word with 
(Continued on Page 60) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 



Smile ! 

" Kvcry smile outshining, 
Keeps a frown away." 

If your garden is choked with weeds, pull them and 
plant roses instead. Thistles will not grow where 
roses are growing. Each flower we grow keeps a weed 

If cares throng about your way and you feel weary, 
sing a little snatch of song. Cheer up! Trouble will 
not bother you if you feel gay. Each song drives a 
care away. 

Smile bravely, undaunted ! Do not ict a vain re- 
pining darken your way! 
" Smile awhile, and while yon smile 
Another smiles, and soon there arc miles and miles of 

Try it and be convinced. 

Alive, Okla. 

■ • ■ 

Wearing Off 


A plainly-garbed sister was silting in a railway 
station, busily engaged with some needlework, while 
waiting a few hours for the train. A gentleman, 
carrying two grips, walked up to her and inquired how 
long she would remain there. On being told, lie 
courteously asked lo leave his grips in her care. The 
permission was kindly given. In about half an hour 
the gentleman returned, and gratefully thanked the 

This instance gave food for thought. Why did this 
man pass out of the men's waiting-room and walk 
through the entire length of the ladies' waiting-room, 
before stopping to leave his baggage with some one! 
when there were dozens of ladies and gentlemen sitting 
on the benches he passed ? 

Because the simple dress is not popular, lacking 
Hie lure nf worldly attire, it is considered, even by 
many of our own church members, as not only a non- 
essential factor, but even a stumblingblock to the more 

Several weeks later the same sister entered a drug- 
store and made a purchase. As she turned to go out 
she met the gaze of two ladies who were sitting at one 
of the small tables, eating ice-cream, and overheard 
one of them say: " That's wearing off." 

Isn't it sad that, admittedly, the members of our 
own dear church do copy the very, very foolish pre- 
vailing fashions of the world, exposed features, etc., 
which are very unbecoming to "women professing 
godliness "? 

Some one has said : " Through dress the mind may 
be read, as, through the delicate tissue, the lettered 
page. A modest woman will dress modestly The 
body is the shell of the soul, and the dress is the husk 
of the body, but the husk generally tells what the 
kernel is." 

It is possible— and God's Word tells us so— for a 
ravening wolf to go about in sheep's clothing, but it 
is an utter impossibility for a sheep to go about in 
wolf's clothing. 

R- D. 2, Mycrstown, Pa. 

to the light we have. It is significant that the people 
whose hands arc full of genuine service are not worried 
to death with a lot of " morbid problems." They find 
that doing the will of God, as they know it, delivers 
them from that uncertain and unsatisfactory frame of 
mind into which the theorists fall. When a man's 
heart is full of love, he has solved the riddle of life, 
for " if any man do the will of the Father, he shall 
know of the doctrine." 
Toronto, Can. 

Part of the Way 


I was going along a country road, one sultry sum- 
mer afternoon, when, by and by, an old man came 
along and joined me, making a little remark about the 

He had a bunch of flowers in his band and said he 
was going to the graveyard on the hill— a long way 
ahead. I went part way and then I turned and said 
that I must go back, for it was too long a walk for me. 
"Yes," he said, "it is a long road, but it seems 
shorter when you have company." 

So he went on up the hill. I thought of his bunch 
of flowers, for some loved one gone, and I was glad 
I had helped to make the road shorter, so far as I 
had gone with him. 

Is it not true that the long walks and the long roads 
seem shorter wdien one has company ? 

We do not walk alone, for One walks beside us 
always, and helps to shorten our journey when we are 

" So shall our walk be close with God." 
Harrisburg, Pa. 

" We must all be made manifest before the judg- 
ment seat of Christ- that each one may receive the 
things done in the body, according to what he hath 
done, whether it be good or bad." A short, plain, 
piercing, solemn message! Not one shall escape.' 
Then, to think of all the good or all the evil that is 
done through our bodies! How careful we should be 
to do only good ! 

A glorious, comforting thought comes to the one 
who has subdued the body and conquered it. It is that 
soon our " Lord Jesus Christ shall fashion anew the 
body of our humiliation, that it may be conformed to 
the body of his glory." Paul prayed that " your whole 
soul and body be preserved entire and without blame 
at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ." Not only the 
soul but the body, too, let us pray for. Holiness should 
be striven for in these bodies of ours, for without it 
we shall not be with the Lord. " Be ye holy, for I am 

Union, Ohio. 


The Cure for Unbelief 


A few weeks ago we had occasion to spend a day 
in an Ontario village, where the local pastor had ex- 
perienced considerable opposition from a leading resi- 
dent. Concerning this man we were told that the two 
things he was proud of were: (1) That he was a 
skeptic ,n religion. (2) That he was immoral The 
hnkmg of these two things together seemed to us very 
suggestive. . J 

There are many honest and decent skeptics. About 
that there can be no doubt. But we believe it is 
equally true that a life lived in defiance of God's laws 
invariably results i„ r „, unbelieving frame of mind, 
ihe best way to find light on our path is to live up 

Our Bodies 


One of the most interesting, of studies is that of 
the human body, how it is made, of what composed, 
its different parts and uses. There are mysteries con- 
nected with these bodies of ours that even the most 
learned do not yet understand, and is it any wonder 
that the Psalmist exclaims: "I am fearfully and 
wonderfully made "? Do we ever take time to think 
about ourselves as a wonderful part of the work of 
our Creator? We may learn and know a great deal 
about the mechanism of our bodies, but the most im- 
portant of all is to know what God himself has said 
about them in his Word. Let us take a little time and 

God has given us our bodies and the first thing he 
wants us to do with them is to dedicate them to him, 
that he may dwell in us. Under the old law the bodies 
of dead animals were offered in sacrifice to God, but 
now we are to give our bodies as living sacrifices,' that 
we may be consumed in service for him. Many folks 
give their lives to the Lord without much thought of 
how the body is given. The fruits show it. Too many 
are using their bodies for selfish desires— their own 
pleasure— and are not allowing God to use them for his 

Paul at one time had much trouble with his body 
for he cries out : " Wretched man that I am ! who 
shall deliver me out of the body of this death? " But 
when Jesus Christ delivered him and he followed the 
Spirit, it was that he was free from his wretchedness 
and condemnation. When once we are set free from 
the bondage of the flesh and follow the Spirit, we are 
not to let sin reign in our mortal bodies, that we should 
obey the lusts thereof. "If ye through the Spirit 
mortify the deeds of the body, ye shall live." In this 
Paul tells us how to subdue the body—" through the 
Spirit mortify "—allow the Spirit to have full con- 
trol. Again he says : " They that are of Christ Jesus 
have crucified the flesh with the passions and lusts 
thereof." Paul buffeted his body and brought it into 
bondage— captivity to Christ— lest by any means, after 
he had preached to others, he should be rejected. In 
Gal. 5 and Col. 3 we have a list of the works of the 
flesh and also of the Spirit, and in many other places 
we are told how to yield these bodies of ours to the 
Spirit that they may be instruments of righteousness 
for God. 

If We Knew 

Selected by Agnes M. Geib, Maiilieim, Pa. 

Could we but draw back the curtains 
That surround each other's lives, 
See the naked heart and spirit, 
Know what spur the action gives. 
Often we should find it better, 
Purer than we judge we should; 
We should love each other better. 
If we only understood. 

Could we judge all deeds by motive, 
See the good and bad within, 
Often we should love the sinner, 
All the while we loathe the sin. 

Could we know the powers working 

To o'erthrow integrity, 

We should judge each other's errors 

With more patient charity. 

If we knew the cares and trials, 
And the effort all in vain, 
And the bitter disappointment, 
Understood the loss and i.«in— 
Would the grim external roughness 
Seem, I wonder, just the same? 
Should wc help where now we hinder? 
Should we pity where we blame? 
Ah! we judge each other harshly, 
Knowing not life's hidden force, 
Knowing not the fount of action 
Is less turbid at its source. 

With Open Eyes 


Uncle David was out with Priscilia andAunt Ella 
for a drive. Priscilia drives quite slowly, because 
Uncle David once declared: " The fault I find with 
automobiles is that I do not have time to enjoy, life 
about me. I must be old-fashioned, but I do like to 
see, just like I used to when I drove old Nell to the 

As they rode along, Aunt Ella vied with Uncle 
David in trying to spy out the interesting happenings 
first. Once a- bunny scampered across the road 
Again a saucy squirrel barked at them, secure from 
his shelter in the tree. 

They waved to merry little children whom they, 
saw, and they responded graciously to the courteous 
greetings of strangers. Soon they were nearing home 
Priscilia had not said much— she gave her attention 
to the road ahead— nevertheless that did not prevent 
her from hearing the duet behind her. 

As they crossed a pretty concrete bridge, Priscilia 
exclaimed: "Well, that's the first time I ever saw 
that, and the bridge is more than a year old, too." 
"What was it?" asked Uncle David, curiously. 
" Why, on the top railing the contractor's name is 
outlined in the cement. And, o~f course, that was done 
before the concrete became hardened, but I never no- 
ticed it before, and I go across that very bridge every 
time I go to town." 

Uncle David confessed: "Neither have I ever 
seen it, have you, Ella?" 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


Aunt Ella had never noticed the name either. They 
were at home in a short time, and the matter was 
dropped until after supper. 

Aunt Ella was looking over the mending, Priscilla 
was busy with her books, and Uncle David read the 
evening paper. By and by came a lull. Priscilla re- 
minded Uncle David that she believed he wanted to 
say something about discoveries. 

" Discoveries? " he queried. Then he remembered : 
" Oh, yes, I did want to say something. I thought to- 
day that if we just keep our eyes open, we will con- 
stantly see something that we never noticed before. 
Take, for instance, the name in the concrete. We 
have — all of us — passed over the bridge a good many 
times, yet not until today were we cognizant of the 
fact that the name was there. 

" Applying this to reading the Bible — one can find 
new truths in it every day, even in the most familiar 
verses. I remember of being away to a District Meet- 
ing once, at which Bro. Best conducted the morning 
worship. He was reading a part of the fifteenth chap- 
ter of John, and I shall never forget how his voice 
sounded as he read: 'Herein is my Father glorified 
that ye bear much fruit.' He reread the verse, saying 
thoughtfully: 'I never noticed that verse so before.' 
He was a minister who was given to much study. 
Other people have related to me just such instances. 

" So, if you will keep your eyes open, there will 
be continually revealed unto you new beauty. It is 
one way God has to speak to us, and, oh, how much 
some do lose by allowing their windows to become 
dusty ! " 

Priscilla interrupted: " I don't believe your mental 
eyes ever get dusty." 

" Don't dare to," Uncle David answered, " living 
with two such wide-awakes as you and Ella are." 

The three laughed together. But as they read to- 
gether the evening lesson, their eyes were open for 
new visions. 

Tiffin, Ohio. ^^ 

Rearing Our Children in the Church 


By the church I mean a community of Christians, 
organized for purposes of religious activity. 

One of the chief causes of differences in practice 
between people, is seen in the different environments 
which surround them. In some localities people are 
expected to be clean, well-mannered, polite and sober. 
In such places it is more easy to live in accordance 
with this prevalent public trend than not. Not to be 
clean, sober, etc., would involve a revolt against exist- 
ing conditions, and demand a distinct decision to be 
different from one's neighbors. Living under such 
circumstances, one is naturally strengthened against 
temptations and protected from many wiles of the 

It is an obvious fact that character is largely deter- 
mined by the location in which we live. Naturally, we 
desire that our children shall have companions who 
shall reinforce the good counsel we have given them 
at home. We would have them live under such con- 
ditions that goodness shall be a matter of common 
expectation — a habit, a thing, taken for granted. 

If children are going the wrong way, change their 
environment. Discipline will not be difficult if the 
right relations are entered into early. The church 
provides this helpful association. To belong to it is 
to surround one's self with an environment of right 
associations. It makes it easier to be good than to be 
bad. It is a deliberate choice of helpful companions. 

We, who know by long experience how hard it is 
to do right and be right, should give our children all 
possible assistance. For the furtherance of this pur- 
pose we have the church — an organized environment 
of worthy ideals. If our children belong to church, 
they are not only brought into the circle of those whose 
standards are high, but they are defended against 
many temptations. Our prayers for the uprightness 
of our children will be answered like the desire of the 
farmer for the harvest. The farmer puts the seed into 
such conditions as shall minister to its growth. That 
is all he can do. The seed grows. Children grow in 
religion — not by being hedged about with protections 

or limitations— but by being brought into definite re- 
ligious activity. 

Contagious diseases are much more easily caught 
by persons who are afraid than by doctors and nurses 
who are engaged in contending with the contagion. 
This holds true in the contagion of evil. 

The strongest assurance we can have, of goodness 
in our children, is attained when we find them trying, 
not merely to be good but to do good. They must be 
given something definite to do. Even while very young 
in years they must learn to work together for a com- 
mon good. They must get the habit. When older, of 
course, they will he ready to take an active part in 
the different organizations of the church. 

The silent instruction of example is an important 
factor. If the church is not highly prized by the 
parents, it will not be by the children. In ckurch at- 
tendance, punctuality, and in many other ways, the 
parents should set a perfect example. The child can 
not understand excuses, even though they he good 
.one--. So, unless absolutely necessary, do not absent 
yourselves from services. 

The goal in church training is the personal religious 
awakening and development of the child. The church 
has been too largely content without thorough teach- 
ing. The heart has gone largely untouched, and the 
religious nature unawakened. As a consequence, the 
youth has walked out of the church at fifteen years of 
age, knowing much, but doing and being nothing, re- 
ligiously. This is a serious charge, but is it not sadly 
true? To remedy this state of things, calls for a re- 
modeling of some of the church activities, until they 
are not simply teaching agencies, but intelligent train- 
ing agencies for the culture of the devout, worshipful 
spirit, the religious feelings, the religious habits, the 
religious activities, and all that goes to make up a real 
Christian life. 

Any intelligent church worker will, with study and 
prayer, be quickly led from one plan to another for 
the actual accomplishment of these ends. As an illus- 
tration of this consider two types of Junior Bands. 
One Band has good singing, fine teaching, but the only 
act of worship during the services is the repetition of 
the Lord's Prayer, and that is done hurriedly. At the 
meetings of the other Band there is an atmosphere of 
reverence and worship from beginning to end. Some 
time is given to teaching and much to different exer- 
cises of worship. The first thing is silent prayer of a 
few seconds. Before this, the superintendent made 
suitable remarks, that helped them to attain a devo- 
tional state of mind. Then there are short prayers by 
several. Then two or three boys and girls bear testi- 
mony to their love of Christ and their joy in service. 
A few meetings of this kind make worship a different 
thing to every child. 

Religion must be cultivated. If the preliminary 
training is properly done, the child inevitably turns to 
Christ at the proper time. Our work with the child 
is not a success unless he is actually advancing in re- 
ligious devotion, feeling and life. 

We must make our church work individual. All 
successful church workers must meet, instruct and 
help the children, even outside of the few moments 
spent with them on Sundays. Visit the children's 
homes and have the child visit you, to get the needed 
knowledge for intelligent training. 

In the family the individual child is trained. The 
church can save the child by going after him individ- 
ually. To save the child, the parent must be reached. 
Instruct them! Ignorance is the main cause of non- 
interest. Let there be instruction in the pulpit. Have 
parents' meetings, personal visits in the home by pas- 
tor or teacher.. We must save the home. A saved 
child, thrust into an unsaved home, has but few 

Let us study and plan religious activities for the 
children — singing, reading the lesson, devotional ex- 
ercises, committing verses to memory. Fix in their 
minds some of the chief thoughts of the sermon. The 
child instinctively wants to he a helper. Have indus- 
trial work for boys and girls, visit sick children, bring 
flowers for Sunday services. 

Conversion can not take place until there is a realiza- 

tion of moral responsibility. This arises with the 
development of the reason and will at (he beginning 
■ >l' the adolescent period. This should be natural, li 
is simply ;i logical step for the child that has been 
reared under religious environments. After this im- 
portant decision, he must he instructed in the signifi- 
cance of the church and the new life which he is now 
to live. 

/ Beton, M<> 

■ ♦ » 

Special Notice to the District and Local Secre- 
taries of Our Aid Societies 

Our Appeal to the Aid Societies for 1921 
Just where you stand in the conflict there i> ymir placel 
Just whin you Hunk von ari useless, hide not your (ace I 
Gail placed you there- for n purpose, what e'er it he; 
Think he has chosen you (or it, work loyally. 

Nineteen twenty is in tin- pasi. Nineteen twenty-one is before u« 
u'jlli open arms, calling for our Sisters' Aid Societies to work !•>> 
ally, tlmt God's cause may be made glorious all over the world. 

Perhaps the Father alone knows, how many little shivering forms 
WCM clothed, how many hungry mouths, were fed, what discouraged 

fathers ami mothers were mail.- glad, whose empty coal-bin w,. • 
tilled, the sick-room that was cheered wilh competent help and fra- 
grant flowers, the eliurehhouse thai was made more homelike with 
new rugs and benches, the faithful missionary teacher made happy 
because -I prospects tor better buildings, the patieni medical mil 
sionnry. who smiles as he sees the needed hospitals and equipment 

coming, the thousands that have received help (win the loyal work 
..i our Sisters' Aid Societies. 

In some respects the needs arc greater this year than last. China, 
wilh her teeming millions, lias had a crop failure that will menu 
untold suit, ,-inir and death, Sister Uura Shock writes to Hie Sisters' 
Aids that i' is mosl pitiful to hear the plaintive cry of the children 
calling for food, and to see tin- distressed and discouraged look in till 
hopeless faces of the Chinese mothers. We helievc you will pray 
aboul Hiis condition, and prayer will hrion the needed funds io feed 
our hungry sisters in China. Many o( the Aids have already r. 
sponded io this call. Sister Shock feels that the women of China will 
gladly do needlework Io he sold to their American sisters. She ap- 
peals io our Aids lu huy the products of their hands. They arc 
planning to send us cmhroidcrcd pillow-tops, handkerchiefs, hook 
marks and pin -cushions. Watch the "Gospel Messenger" and be 
ready to respond, in the way planner!, when the material comes. 

One of our city missionaries sends a word of thanks, concerning 
the boxes ol clothing sent to them. She says: "Many o( the gar- 
ments are new. These arc greatly appreciated, and the care with 
which they were made shows thai lime, money anil love cam* with 
it. A poor mother can he cheered, and made lo really love the little 
life in embryo, and plan for its happiness and comfort, when we can 
give her some little article that a fond mother likes to have. An 
old grandmother will grip your hand and kiss it when you take her 
something that means comfort to her." Cod bless the Aid Societies 
for the joy and comfort they bring Io our sisters the wide world over! 

You have responded nobly to the Forward Movement. There arc 
now 500 Aid Societies in the Church of the Brethren, Southeastern 
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Easieru New York and Middle Mary- 
land arc the two Districts first lo have an Aid in every congregation. 
Which District will he next? The average attendance this year was 
8.56J. Are you one of the Aid Societies that have an attendance ol 
twenty per cent of your church women? Our societies gave $JI,690 
to home and foreign work last year. Our goal was set at $20,000, 
hut we have far exceeded this amount. 

Vou arc eager to know how near we have reached the $8,000 mark 
we set for ihc China hospital and India Hoarding School. The lasl 
report from the General Mission Hoard was, that wc have $7,255 to 
our credit, Some Districts have not been able to make their quota 
because of crop failures, lack of organization, coopcrafion, and other 
reasons. Other Districts have exceeded their quota, which has made 
possible the amount we have raised. Hut we believe that, since God 
has placed it on the hearts of our sisters to raise the sum of $24,000 
in three years, to erect these two buildings, lie will, if we do our part 
in pleading for suffering humanity, open the way (or each society 
to exceed its quota this coming year When we think of starving 
China and darkened India, we are made lo pray that the Lord give 
-us a real vision of their needs. 

To the District- Secretaries, wc would say: Arrange with your so- 
cieties to pay their apportionment before May 1, if possible. Tins 
money should be sent direct to you. You forward it to the General 
Mission Board, calling it the Aid Society Foreign Mission Fund. This 
is very important; otherwise your (unds may be confused with other 
benevolences. When you receive letters and report blanks, mail them 
AT ONCE to the local societies of your District. Make every effort 
to secure a report from each society, and mail the final report to your 
General Secretary, if possible, by March 1. 

To the Secretaries of the local societies we wish lo say: Please sec 
that this appeal he read at your Aid Society meeting. Also fill out 
these blank reports AT ONCE and returu*to your District Secretary 
wiih the $1.00 fee for expenses. At the Aid Society Meeting of the 
Scdalia Conference wc agreed to raise the amount of the expense 
fund from 25 cents to $1.00. -Whatever surplus is left, after your Dis- 
trict and General Secretary'.', expcngi B arc covered, will be used for 
some benevolent work. F.ach local society should have received an 
Aid Society booklet, containing the constitution, statistics and other 
material, (hat will be helpful to yon in your work and programs. If 
not yet received, write to your District Secretary for the same. We 
appreciate the articles in our chur. h paper, coming from the local 
societies, and would emphasize a continuance of this work. 

Our earnest plea is that each one of our Aid workers may feel the 
great responsibility of soul-winning and service for others, that, 
thereby we may keep the new commandment, given by our Savior: 
"That ye love one another." us place ourselves under Divine 
leadership, and by so doing experience the sentiment of the beautiful 

Have thine own way, l.ord. have thine own way, 
Thou art the Poller, I am Ihc clay. 
Mould mc and make me after thy will. 
While I am waiting, yielded ami still. 
Mrs. M. ('. Swigart. President. Mrs. Geo. L. Studebakcr, Vice- 
President, Mrs. S. L. Whisicr, Secretary-Treasurer. 

The above appeal and a blank report have been sent to 
our District Secretaries for distribution among the local 
societies. If any society has failed to receive one, write 
to your District Secretary at once. If you do not know 
Iter address, refer to the Aid Society Booklet. If they 
fail to answer, when yon write, then write to your Gen- 
eral Secretary. 

Remember the plan of sending our apportionment 
money for the Ping Ting Hospital Administration Build- 
ing and Anklesva/ Girls' Boarding School is for the Local 
Secretary to send it to the District Secretary. Then she 
sends it directly to the General Mission Board, calling 
it the Aid Society Foreign Mission Fund. Reports arc 
coming that Districts are exceeding their quota. May 
God bless our Aid Societies for the work they are do- 
ing, in both home and foreign fields. May his glory be 
first! Your General Secretary, 

Milledgevillc. III. Mrs. S. L. Whisler. 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


Calendar for Sunday, January 23 

Sunday-school Lesson, Promotion in llic Kingdom. — 
Matt. 20:17-28. 

Christian Workers* Meeting, Jesus Our Example — In 
Social Life.— Matt. 11:19. 

♦ + ♦ * 

Gains for the Kingdom 

One baptism in the Sterling church, Colo. 

One baptism in the Portage church, Ohio. 

Two baptisms in the Sidney church, Ohio. 

Four baptisms in the Logansport church, Ind. 

One baptism in the Newton City church, Kans. 

Five confessions in the Covington church, Ohio. 

One baptism in the Grand Junction church, Colo. 

One baptism in the South Waterloo church, Iowa. 

Two baptisms in the Panther Creek church, Iowa. 

Two baptisms in the Wcnatchee City church, Wash. 

One was reinstated in the Falling Spring church, Pa. 

Two accepted Christ in the Colorado Springs church, 

One confession and one baptism in the Sidney church, 

One applicant for baptism in the Muscatine church, 

Thirteen await baptism in the Independence church, 

One has been reclaimed in the Second South Bend 
church, Ind. 

One baptized in the Bremen church, Ohio, — Bro. Ralph 
R. Hatton, pastor. 

Eleven were baptized and three reclaimed in the Oak- 
land church, Ohio. 

Eleven baptisms in the Fairview church, Pa., — Bro. G. 
L, Wine, pastor, in charge. 

Eleven baptisms in the Monitor church, Okla., — Bro. J. 
R. Wine, of Wichita, Kans., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Eel River church, Ind., — Bro. Jesse 
A. Gump, of Churubusco, Ind., evangelist. 

Four baptisms in the Watcrford church, Calif., — Bro. J. 
W. Barnett, of Bandon, Oregon, evangelist. 

Two baptisms in the Oak Grove house, Peters Creek, 
Va., — Bro. Levi Garst, of Salem, Va., evangelist. 

One baptism in the Homestead church, Mich., — Bro. C. 
H. Deardorff, of Clarksville, Mich., evangelist. 

Twenty-two accessions in the Ephrata church, Pa., — 
Bro. Frank Carper, of Palmyra, Pa., evangelist. 

Five baptisms in the La Verne church, Calif., — Bro. 
Geo. W. Hilton, of Los Angeles, Calif., evangelist. 

Seventeen baptisms in the New Philadelphia church, 
Ohio, — Bro. Geo. Strausbaugh, of Frcdcricktown. Ohio, 

One confession in the Selma church, Va., — Sister Mary 
Martin, of Mt. Arrat, Md., evangelist; one accepted Christ 
at a later date. 

Nine were baptized, one received on former baptism 
in the Back Creek Church, Pa.,— Bro. J. I. Baugher, of 
Elizabethtown, evangelist. 

Two confessed Christ, four were baptized and one was 
restored in the Zion house, Cando church, N. Dak., — Bro. 
L. Smith, of Minot, N. Dak., evangelist. 

Thirteen additions to the Conway Springs church, Kans., 
— Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson., Kans., 
evangelists; nine accepted Christ, — Bro. J. Perry Prather, 
pastor, in charge. + ^ ^ ^ 

Our Evangelists 

Bro. J. C. Inman, of Springfield, Ohio, to begin Feb. 3 
in the Sidney church. Ohio. 

Bro. O. H. Austin and wife, of McPherson, Kans., to 
begin Jan. 23 in the Newton City church, Kans. 

♦ * ♦ * 
Personal Mention 

Bro. S. M. Annon. formerly of Thornton, W. Va., should 
now be addressed at R. D. 3, Tunnelton, same State. 

Middle Missouri has elected Eld. Jas. M. Mohler as 
District delegate on the Standing Committee of the 1921 

The First District of West Virginia is to be represented 
on the Standing Committee of the coming Hershey Con- 
ference by Eld. Emra T. Fike. 

Bro. J. K. Miller, of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, the Conference 
appointee as General Railway Transportation Agent, feels 
that he can not accept the duties thus placed upon him, 
and has appointed Dr. S. B. Miller, of Cedar Rapids, as his 
substitute, who will have charge of the duties so faithfully 
performed by Bro. P. S. Miller, of Roanoke, Va., For so 
many years past. 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas and New Mexico has 
chosen Eld. Isaac H. Miller as Standing Committee dele- 
gate for the 1921 Conference. 

Bro. D. L. Miller and wife were both reported to be 
improving in health after the first unfavorable reaction 
following their return from Florida to Mount Morris. 
We regret to learn, more recently, that Bro. Miller is 
suffering considerably with rheumatism. 

Bro. J. B. Moore, who was pastor and elder ofthe Ster- 
ling church, Colo., was called to his reward on the morn- 
ing of Jan. 6, we have learned through a brief message 
from Bro. S. G. Nickey, of Haxtun, Colo. The larger part 
of Brother Moore's ministry was spent among the churches 
of Nebraska, where he labored faithfully for many years, 
and served his District in many important capacities. A 
more extended notice is promised us later. 

Bro. Isaac Frantz, now of St. Petersburg, Fla., whose 
health was in a very critical-state last summer, as our read- 
ers will remember, writes us that he has been steadily im- 
proving since going South. For this he is very grateful, 
especially for the prayers of his friends in his behalf, and 
other expressions of interest. He hopes to be able to enter 
the evangelistic field again by spring and accompanied by- 

1921 Yearbook 1921 

This edition of the Yearbook is more complete 
than any we have ever issued. It contains much 
valuable information that should be in every 
home. Notice the Contents: — 

The Forward Movement 

Home and Foreign Missions 

The Sunday School Work 

The Progress of Education 

The Christian Workers' Society 

Temperance and Purity 

Peace on Earth 

Child Rescue Work 

Dress Reform 

The Aid Society 

Relief and Reconstruction 

Our Publishing Interests 

Our Church Music 

The Tract Work 

Official Directory 

Old Folks and Orphans' Homes 

Ministerial List 

Churches, with Pastors and Elders 

District Mission Boards 

Almanac Pages 

The Yearbook is really a history of the Church 
of the Brethren. 

We have made the price low in order to secure 
a wide circulation. No one can afford to be with- 
out it, when it will be sent to you postpaid for 
only 10c. Do not delay but send your order im- 
mediately to 

Elgin, Illinois 

Sister Frantz is planning a northern tour, the first objec- 
tive of which will be the Hershey Conference. 

Bro. J. W. Deeter, of McPherson, Kans., Secretary of 
the Extension Department of McPherson College, writes 
us of two young ministers whose names the Department 
has on file, who are available for permanent pastoral 
positions. One prefers a rural community, the other a 
town location, which would give him a chance to work 
with high school students. The Department also has the 
names of competent young people who wish to help in 
Vacation Bible Schools. Churches interested in securing 
either kind of service might do well to communicate with 
Bro. Deeter. * * * ♦ 

Elsewhere in This Issue 

Members in the Western and Middle Districts of Mary- 
land will please note the announcement on page 52, con- 
cerning the correction for 1921 Yearbook. 

The Bible Institute at McPherson College, Kans., is to 
be held Jan. 23-30. A glance at the program, as given on 
page 52, will convince any one that a rare treat has been 
provided for all who are fortunate enough to be in attend- 

You will find many things of interest in this number, 
but none perhaps more so than what Bro. Crumpacker 
has to say about the famine on page 52..And that is all the 
more interesting because we know now what Bro. Crum- 
packer could not know, when that was written — how the 
heart of the Brotherhood has responded to the call. Would 
the church furnish the $25,000 first asked for? That was 
the question. Or would some of those eleven villages 
have to be left to perish finally, after being fed for a little 
while? Don't you think it makes the missionaries happy 
to know what the answer of the church has been? And 
the saved lives happy too? In this issue alone our church 
correspondents report contributions to the famine fund to 
the amount of $7,159.42. The total received, so far by the 
Mission Rooms, is about $98,000. Praise the Lord! And 

yet even with this, many thousands in our own mission 
territory must perish. 

.;. .;. <|»- 41 

Miscellaneous Mention 

We are glad to note that the work at Cleveland, Ohio, 
is making progress, and that the outlook for the future 
is most encouraging. We trust that their most urgent 
need — a house of worship — may be met by the District in 
the near future. 

The members of the Monitor church, Nash, Okla., would 
be glad to have others locate in their vicinity, and invite 
correspondence with those who are in search of a new 
place of residence. Sister Eunice Diller, Nash, Okla., will 
be pleased to give further information. 

Considerable space is given to the Sisters' Aid Societies 
in this week's issue, but no one could possibly find fault 
with the assignment of several columns to our sisters. 
These industrious workers do an untold amount of good, 
not only in relieving distress in their immediate . com- 
munities, but in the wider field of missionary contribu- , 

The faithful pastor of a church on the Pacific Coast was 
agreeably surprised on Christmas Eve — not only by a 
goodly donation of provisions of various sorts, but by 
the gift of a Ford car. In these days, when pastoral 
efficiency demands the best of facilities, the purchase of 
a car for the pastor is one of the best investments that 
can be made by the congregation. 

The young people's class in one of the Michigan 
churches has the happy faculty of seeing an opportunity 
for service when such presents itself. Hearing of an 
aged couple in need of fuel, a wood-cutting party was 
arranged for — this being counted as one of their " White 
Gift" contributions. Such a spirit of helpfulness is 
quite suggestive of the fact that 1 Cor. 13 can readily be 
given a practical turn, if there is real willingness. 

One of our earnest evangelists spent some time recently 
in the West Virginia home mission field. Happening to 
visit an aged brother, afflicted in body, he found him full 
of zeal for Christ and the church — so much so, in fact, 
that he gladly donated $5,000 for missions, in memory of 
his departed wife. Such a remembrance of the dear ones 
who have gone to their reward, is most commendable — 
better by far than the most costly monument that could 
be erected. 

The officials in charge of a Sunday-School Normal in 
one of the Middle Western States report "a very profit- 
able and enjoyable meeting," regretfully remarking that 
" but half of the churches were represented." Such a show- 
ing reflects more severely on the Sunday-school workers 
of the nonrepresented churches than upon the District. 
How deplorable that, when the feast is spread, some of the 
guests spurn the invitation, so graciously given! It is a 
loss that none can afford. 

The Broader Vision. — It has been proved true, again 
and again, that frequently the home mission field suffers 
because the people do not have the broader foreign mis- 
sionary vision. Things decay at home, because we do not 
have an outlet sufficiently large abroad, to the millions 
who have never heard the Blessed Tidings. Nothing gives 
such fervor and spirit and glory to home missions as a 
great vision of the foreign field. To get rid of narrowness- 
and sectionalism, we must view the great world field with 
its superlative needs and possibilities. 

The "Messenger" welcomes brief reports of District 
Meetings. It would like to have such a report of every 
District Meeting held. It is the duty of Writing Clerks 
to furnish this unless the meeting itself makes provision 
otherwise. We have just learned of a District Meeting, 
held more than four months ago, from which no infor- 
mation had previously reached us. It is our custom to men- 
tion on this page, as a matter of interest to our readers, the 
Standing Committee representatives, but we can not do 
this when we do not know who they are. 

A very helpful suggestion, concerning the choosing of a 
location by prospective settlers, is offered by Bro. H. H. 
Ritter, Mabel, Oregon, and what he says, applies to prac- 
tically every District in which our members propose to 
make their home: " Brethren, desiring to locate in this 
State, will do well to look up the locations of the different 
churches, and so to decide as to both receive and give 
help to the church work." The reciprocal feature, sug- 
gested in the request, is worthy of serious attention. 
Quite often the very fact of locating where there is a 
possibility of helping others, will, in the end, help the new 
settler most of all. 

After publishing the announcement of the Mt. Morris 
College Bible Institute and Training School for Sunday 
school Teachers and Vacation Church School Instructors, 
in last week's issue, we received the following additional 
information, which will still be in ample time : " There 
will be no charge for tuition to those who come for the 
week of Bible Institute. Those who are in attendance for 
the month of Teacher Training work, will pay a fee nf 
$5. Board will be provided in the College Dining Hall at 
regular student rates." It should not be forgotten that 
the various sessions, above referred 16, will be held Feb. 
6 to March 5, inclusive. 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 



The Opium Curse Again 
Last year Japan made a profit of over $30,000,000 by 
smuggling opium in the form of morphine into China. No 
less than twenty-eight tons of this drug were secretly 
brought into China— enough for every man, woman and 
child to receive four hypodermic injections. Neither Great 
Britain nor the United States can plead ignorance of the 
nefarious traffic, and Christians everywhere may well 
unite in the demand that this gigantic evil, with all its 
ramifications, be summarily checked. A missionary in 
Hunan Province insists that unless something is done 
soon, and done effectively, the whole anti-opium battle 
will have to be fought again. Some of the farmers have, 
under Japanese pressure, been forced to plant extensive 
poppy fields. 

Chile President Is Liberal 
President Arturo Alessandri, of Chile, who assumed 
office Dec. 23, is one of the most advanced and liberal 
leaders that the country has ever had. Contrary to most 
South Americans, he insists upon complete liberty of 
conscience. He says: "It is indispensable that the state 
should guarantee and respect those of whatever religion, 
so long as they conform to the immutable laws of moral- 
ity. I am in truth a Christian. I believe in the doctrine 
of Christ. I drink at the crystal fountain, but not at the 
turbid waters of the pools. I accept the wholesome doc- 
trines of the Bible, but reject the interpolated teachings 
of the Church of Rome." In a further statement he added 
that the Bible would be his guide and that he would study 
to appreciate its true worth. 

lief is being administered to the under-nourished children 
of Central Europe, for whose welfare the Society of 
Friends, or Quakers, has been so devotedly laboring. The 
trreat assistance, thus being rendered, is greatly appre- 
ciated by the suffering ones of the countries affected. The 
abounding liberality of the people of the United States, in 
a time of dire need, is gratefully acknowledged. 

Austria's Government to Retire 
Under date of Jan. 11 the Austrian government has 
announced to the entente that it is at the end of its re- 
sources, and that it is no longer in a position to continue 
its activities. As now arranged, the Austrian authorities 
will transfer the administration of affairs to the Repara- 
tions Commission in the near future. The action of the 
government, as outlined above, was not entirely unexpect- 
ed. Left wholly wHhout resources and facing heavy in- 
demnities, there was no possible-way of escape. Added 
to the desperate situation, described above, there is also 
the appalling lack of food among the people of Austria. 
Multiplied thousands of her undernourished children are 
kept alive by the abounding liberality of the American 
Friends. . — - 

Interesting Figures 
According to the "Boston Transcript" the American 
public is spending approximately as much, annually, for 
operating and riding in motor cars, as is paid for all its 
railroad transportation, including freight, passenger, ex- 
press and mail—this statement being based upon a com- 
pilation of costs of the two methods of transportation. 
It estimates that after the recent advances in railroad 
rates, of $1,580,000,000 a year, have been put into effect, 
the annual cost of railroad transportation to the public 
will be about $6,700,000,000, or about $305 per family. The 
public is, at the present time, expending $6,000,000,000 a 
;280 per family for operating and riding in motor 
Whether all of this enormous outlay is fully 
is a question that we refer to our readers. 

year, or If 

The Mistake That Was Made 
It was undoubtedly the chief blunder of the Peace Con-- 
ference when it failed to recognize that no Peace League 
can succeed as long as the few leading powers demand to 
be in supreme control. Unless the minor powers are given 
a fair show, there can be no cooperation, such as is need- 
ed to insure world peace. As the outlook is now, one is 
made to wonder whether the dominant powers of the 
world are really willing to form a firm and equitable al- 
liance with the lesser ones— each one sharing the respon- 
sibilities of the undertaking. If so, the question of dis- 
armament will be practically settled. If they are not 
willing to agree to that plan, consenting only to a loose 
association, then, however valuable such an organization 
may be in an educational way, it will prove of no value. 

Simplicity Wins the Day 
Something was said in these columns last week, about 
the President-elect's strong preference for a simple in- 
augural ceremony. His choice has at last been agreed 
to, and as matters stand now, there will be a wholly un- 
ostentatious but none the less impressive inauguration. 
It is generally conceded that Sen. Harding's avowed pref- 
erence should, as a matter of course, control the cere- 
monies of his inauguration, and his wishes will he duly 
respected. In a time of supreme world need, it is wholly 
proper that the right influence go out from those in 
authority. It is to be hoped that the effect of the decision 
will be just what Mr. Harding wishes it to be— an example 
of economy in government, and a reminder that thrift 
is. a very timely virtue, these days. 

Better Days for Mexico 
As the outlook is now, undoubtedly better days are in 
store for unhappy Me\ico— brighter, at least, than they 
have been for at least eleven years. President Obregon 
seems to be a student of public affairs. Apparently he 
has made a study of conditions in the United States, and 
compared them with conditions in Mexico, not only past, 
but present. He has been asking the question why, with 
almost unlimited natural resources, Mexico made so little 
advancement, while across the border there was marvel- 
ous and continued development. Upon further study, he 
arrived at the conclusion that it is an educational problem, 
and he is probably right. While illiteracy, in the United 
States, does not amount to more than five per cent, it 
runs to nearly ninety per cent in Mexico. 

quality. I have had hundreds of letters from farmers, 
proposing this very idea. These letters have come from 
widely diversified points, so that the suggestion has come 
really from members of the association and not from its 
officials. There is just one condition, in addition to the 
transportation proposition, that the farmers must insist 
upon. That is that we will not permit the corn to be col- 
lected and sold, and the money applied to relief purposes. 
If the farmers of this nation, in their present, impover- 
ished condition, can afford to give their limit in food, then 
the nonproducers of the nation can afford to give to their 
limit in money, to provide transportation to the famine 


Last Slave Market Closed 
Strange as it may seem that— in these enlightened days 
of the twentieth century— the traffic in slaves should still 
persist in any section of the world, such has, nevertheless, 
been the case, up to a very recent date, in some countries. 
At Ouezzan, Morocco, monthly auctions of slaves have 
been regularly carried on for many decades— perhaps for 
centuries. With the entrance of French troops into the 
city, on a recent date, the reprehensible traffic was 
promptly stopped, never to be resumed again. At this 
place — like at all other points where the abominable slave 
traffic was formerly engaged in— slave hunters would, 
with the greatest inhumanity, raid whole villages. Those 
enormities will no longer be permitted. 

Where the Rearing Is at Fault 

More than 175,000 children were brought before courts 
in this country as offenders, during the old year. That 
showing is rather disquieting. What American youngsters 
need, is the bringing up their fathers and mothers had— 
regular duties at home, steady attendance at school, 
Sunday-school once a week, very little spending money, 
time and opportunity for wholesome play, but none for 
loafing, some real work to do every day, reasonable wish- 
es gratified if the family purse permits, knowledge of the 
value of money and of the not infrequent necessity for 
self-denial. Too many, homes, nowadays, fail to rear 
children to be sturdy, self-dependent men and women. 
Too many grow up to be merely social butterflies. The 
more they are indulged, the more they want. 
them are ta-ught enough about real life. 

Few of 

Red Cross Gives Sixty Million for European Relief 
Not generally known, perhaps, is the fact that the benef- 
icent activities of the Red Cross are as extensive and 
wide-spread as late reports indicate. The large amount, 
above noted, has most judiciously been spent since the 
signing of the armistice — no less than twenty-two dis- 
tinct countries and territories benefiting by the greatly- 
appreciated help thus rendered. The most commendable 
feature of Red Cross relief administration is seen in the 
principle of self-help, continually inculcated and insisted 
upon. In that way the Red Cross, with a minimum of 
workers, has been able to administer its affairs with the 
very best results. Wherever possible, the - work of distri- 
bution and transportation of food and medical supplies is 
delegated wholly to the people of the country to be bene- 
fited—always, of^oursc, under close supervision of Red 
Cross officials. 

Ten Thousand Famine Deaths Daily 
Late press dispatches announce that each day at least 
10,000 persons die of starvation in China, at the present 
time. Many more will perish, no doubt, because relief, 
seemingly, can not reach the entire number in time. In- 
adequate transportation facilities militate against the best 
results in food distribution. By an expenditure of but 
three cents a day a life can he saved, and to us, whom the 
Lord has so richly blessed, there comes Christ's old-time 
appeal: "Give ye them to eat." The missionaries are 
lighting a valiant battle against the famine, with all the 
odds against them. They arc performing superhuman 
(asks far from the comforts of civilization, because they 
believe that there, in that famine-stricken land, they are 
the living representatives of the Master and his bounty. 
Are we willing to help them feed the hungry? 

Tangled Near-East Conditions 
Latest reports indicate that Armenia is wholly crushed. 
Whatever might have been done to preserve its integrity, 
somehow or other failed to materialize. France and 
Great Britain seemed to be unable to meet the situation- 
Even the Turkish Peace Treaty is not likely to be carried 
out in all its stipulations. Some are wondering how this 
will affect the American missions. At present most of 
the missionaries are devoting their efforts to relief work 
in cooperation with ihe Near East Relief. When they 
start in full-time mission work again, they will really 
have to begin anew, and may possibly have to introduce 
new methods to meet new needs. Missionary efforts of 
the past century among the Christian races of the Near 
East, have been attended by wonderful results. Thou- 
sands of these people, however, have been so fully wiped 
out that many of their towns and villages are practically 


Corn for the Starving 
"The 1,500,000 farmers in thirty-seven States, who are 
members of the American Farm Bureau Federation, have 
authorized me "—so announced their president, J. R. How- 
ard— " to offer enough American-grown corn to feed the 
starving millions of Europe, China, Armenia and other 
famine countries." This statement was made Jan. 14, dur- 
ing an address before the members of the Illinois Agri- 
cultural Association at the Hotel La Salle, Chicago. The 
remarks were received by the meeting with profound 
gratification. In further explanation Mr. Howard said: 
"This donation is offered out of the great hearts of the 
American food growers on condition that the remainder 
of the nation's population— the dwellers in the cities, 
towns and villages— provide the transportation of the 
foodstuff to the famine-scourged peoples of the other 
countries. There is enough corn In the United States to- 
for which there is no market,' 


At the present time urgently-needed re- her greatest corn crop 

Mr. Howard con 
inued, "to save the lives of thousands and thousands of 
these people in famine-stricken lands. America tan win 
their everlasting gratitude by this movement. The farm- 
ers will bring their offerings to their points of shipment. 
It will come in voluntary gifts of from five bushels to 
three thousand bushels. Numerous big farmers in the 
great corn belt have assured me that their offer.ngs would 
be as high as three thousand bushels. America harvested 
'n history. It is of the finest 

Prohibition* Will Win 
It was to he expected that putting national prohibition 
into operation would he marked by many evasions and 
probably by a great deal of corruption. Every State 
which has had State-wide prohibition, or even local op- 
tion, has had experience in this sort of crookedness. The 
national government has In contend with some of the 
same difficulties in the enforcement of the law. Bribery 
on a large scale has been discovered, and the bribers, in 
many cases, pose as reputable citizens. However, the 
toils of the law will grow tigblcr. Its enforcement will 
become more effective as time goes on, and as public 
sentiment will become more pronounced in its favor, for 
nothing but evil can be said of the liquor business. It 
has debauched morals both public and private. It has 
been a friend of criminals and the mother of crime. It is 
opposed to order and decency, and it is the consistent foe 
of efficiency and good government. Rest assured, it will 
die hard, but die it must, and few, indeed, will be the 


Gospel Opportunities in Moslem Lands 
If we may depend upon the reliability of Dr. Samuel M. 
Zwemer's analysis of the missionary outlook in Moham- 
medan countries, this is the day of opportunity for the 
Christian forces. The very doctrines on which Chris- 
tianity and Islam arc divided by an age-long, bridgeless 
chasm, today offer points of contact for the presentation 
of the Gospel Message. One factor of great importance 
along that line, has been the unhindered Bible distribu- 
tion, which has been carried on for some years now, and 
that, too. on a far larger scale than ever attempted be- 
fore. All parts of Egypt, Palestine, Arabia, Syria and 
Persia have been thoroughly covered by the indefatigable 
Bible colporteur. Doors that once were only ajar, are 
now wide open. New arteries of travel now enable the 
Bible distributor to reach all sections of the Near East 
with rapidity and entire safety. The old question, of the 
trustworthiness of the Scriptures has been crowded into 
the background, for the very fact that the Bible 15 now 
lhc best seller, even in Oriental lands, tells its own story. 
Then too. we must not forget that the people of the Near 
Fasl have passed through a veritable Getbsemane. which 
they will not soon forget. The world war. with its great 
tribulations, has plowed deep furrows in human hear 
and lives. There are millions of orphans and 
There is not a home, in some parts of Turkey, 
vacant place Islam has been defeated on the battle- 
field, disillusioned in its outlook, and detracted m its 
program. People are ripe for the ministry of friendship 
and the message of hope. The Christian ,n Mota^ 
lauds can now dwell in perfect security, his character 
a „d principles being recognized as strictly *•■»""«■ 
where formerly he was scorned and despised. Now is 
he acceptable time for the proclamation of the redemp- 
I'vc message of, Chris, a. its uplift of childhood 
and the emancipation of womanhood. 

vithout its 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


A Great Revival and How It Came About 

2 Chronicles 20: 1-15 

For Week Beginning January 30, 1921 

1. A Special Time Was Set Apart for the Solemn 
Gathering. — This meeting was not only for the worship 
of God, but it was also a duly-appointed time to petition 
that the Divine Presence might be with them, in giving 
them victory to a definite end. It is interesting to note, 
in the story of this great revival of genuine religion under 
Jehoshaphat and his chaplain, Jahaziel, that the conditions 
were very much of the same sort as those that bring 
about a great religions revival today. Surely, there is 
wisdom in setting apart a definite number of days and 
weeks, in which to seek the divine anointing for the win- 
ning of souls to Christ. God will honor our sacrifice in 
so doing, and wc ourselves shall be thereby enabled to 
consecrate our talents more completely, to be used to 
God's glory. Such a setting apart of time by us, will also 
attract the attention of those who are not Christians, and 
will impress upon their minds the fact that wc are in- 
terested in them, and are earnestly working for their 
personal salvation. 

2. AH the People Were Represented. — All the men, 
their wives and their children, old and young, high and 
low, from the king down, were there. The king himself 
made the first prayer. There is not a nation on earth 
that God would not mightily bless and save under similar 
conditions. We surely need similarly favorable conditions 
in our church work today. If we arc to have a great 
revival, the men of our church must so arrange their 
business as to give daily attention to the revival meetings. 
Nothing must interfere with the period set apart for win- 
ning souls. All are needed to make the meetings a suc- 
cess. If all the forces are united to the one end, God 
will use us to his glory, and to the salvation of multitudes 
of those who, without Christ, are going down to ruin. A 
revival meeting is not complete without the children — 
their absence is a loss to themselves as well as to others. 
A tender, heavenly influence is given to the meetings by 
the presence of children. 

3. That Early Gathering Depended upon God. — The 
meetings were largely given to prayer. Much emphasis 
was given to the singing. The beauty of holiness was 
exalted, and God was praised for his mercy. We, too, 
want to work along similar lines. Those saints of old 
depended on the Divine Presence to give power to the 
words of the preacher, and to lead and guide them. Thus 
a great revival was ushered in. Thus people were brought 
into such a relation with God that he led them forth to 
wonderful victory. These conditions are essential to any 
great revival of religion in every age of the world. 

4. A Testimony by Charles Q. Finney— In the auto- 
biography of this noted evangelist, he refers to some of 
the simple conditions which always preceded the marvel- 
ous meetings he held. He says that the spirit of prayer 
that prevailed in his revivals, was a very marked feature 
of them. It was common for young converts to be much 
exercised in prayer. In some instances there were great- 
ly protracted seasons of prayer, for the conversion of 
souls all about them. It is no marvel, therefore, that a 
strong pressure of the Holy Spirit was upon the minds of 
the Christians, and that the burden of immortal souls 

•rested heavily upon their hearts. Great solemnity of mind 
came upon them, and extreme watchfulness was exercised 
on all their words and actions. It was a common occur- 
ence for these Christians, whenever they met at a gather- 
ing of any sort, to fall on their knees in prayer, instead 
of engaging in ordinary conversation. In those davs, not 
only were prayer meetings largely multiplied and fully at- 
tended, not only was there great solemnity in those meet- 
ings, but there was also a mighty spirit of secret prayer. 
Christians felt the need of spending much time in prayer 
—many of them spending hour after hour in fervent inter- 

5. Suggestive References.-The whitening harvest is 
all about us (John 4:35, 36), While our gifts may differ 
the duty of laboring for the Lord i s laid upon all of us 
(Kom. 12:6-8). Paul's noble resolve (1 Cor. 9- 16 17) 
Our duty as ambassadors for Christ (2 Cor. 5: 14, 18, 20K 
The sort of influence we should exert (i Tim. 47 12-16)* 
What our intercession should be for others (Eph. 3:14- 
irt!" A precious P romis e to the honest seeker CRom 2-7 
10). Fruit unto holiness (Rom. 6:22. 23). 

Among the Missions of Japan, Korea and 

(Continue! from Page SI) 

studies. Our Mission is asked to become a contribut- 
ing member to the expenses of this school, and we 
visited it in the light of that request. The education 

of our missionary children is no small problem, and 
it was a delight to us, to see how carefully the whole- 
some atmosphere of this school is maintained by its 
splendid principal. 

I should also mention that we stopped to visit the 
North China Language School in Peking, where our 
new missionaries spend their first year in the study of 
the vernacular. It is a most important place for our 
missionaries — practically indispensable — for who can 
fathom all the intricacies of the Chinese tongue! 

Some one has said that it requires lungs of leather 
to get on with this language and, as Paul said : " I 
partly believe it." I should like to add that it must 
also require brains of radium and tongues of whang. 
For instance, who would imagine that one could 
extricate " Shir-ja~jwang " from the name of the town 
spelled Shih-Chia-Chwang? But it must be done and 
it is mighty fortunate for the student that he has a 
school to tell him how to go about it. 

A ride until midnight, from Peking, brought us to 
Paotingfu, and a further ricksha ride through the 
quiet, crooked, midnight streets of this town, and out 
through a Chinese cemetery, brought us to an Amer- 
ican Board Mission station, and here we spent the 
rest of the night with instantly made friends again. 
In the morning we visited the schools of this station 
and entered the little cemetery, hallowed by the ashes 
of martyrs of Boxer times. We stood by the grave 
of Horace Tracy Pitkin, a brilliant young graduate of 
an American University, who gave his life at that 
time. He left a note, written in his last moments, in 
which he expressed the hope that his infant son in 
America might plan to come out and take his place. 
We rejoiced to know that that son is now in medical 
training for the field. Here we spent a busy half day 
in the Presbyterian mission with its force of mission- 
aries, among whom we remember Dr. Lewis and his 
self-supporting Hospital, and Mrs. Whallon, who had 
her army of famine women busy making 15,000 com- 
forts for the Chinese army. 

After this tour we returned to our stations and 
viewed our work again in the light of all these. They 
have all been established longer than our own work. 
The background of their native Chinese leadership is, 
therefore, older and they have more of their own 
trained natives. It is unfair to compare our work 
with theirs because of that, but such a comparison 
would not be unfavorable to our workers, we can 
assure you. Give them ten more years in which -to 
develop leaders, and their work will show alongside 
of any that we have visited, we believe, wherever it 
has been. Even now they are ahead of some missions 
much older than their own. We ,iave strong grounds 
for encouragement over our work in China. We 
might also say that we found our mission more nearly 
completely " staffed " than any mission we visited, 
with perhaps one exception and that was no nearer 
complete than our own. But I do not mean to infer 
that more workers are not needed, for several of the 
missions visited are painfully inadequately staffed. 

In all of these visits we found the missionary latch- 
strings hanging out, and the brethren who accompanied 
us, to all of these places, seemed to know just where 
to reach for the string. We feel well repaid for all 
of the effort made to reach these places, and have a 
more general and fairer estimate of our own work 
because of it. At the same time, our estimate of the 
missionary force of North China., in general, is most 
complimentary to them. We shall always remember 
with great joy our visit to every one of these mission- 
ary fortresses in this sin-cursed and needy land. 


■Write what tho. 


At our recent business meeting our pastor, Eld. C. W. 
Guthrie, requested that the matter of securing a pastor, to 
take up the work at the expiration of his time. July 1, be 
taken up at this meeting, in order to give ample time to 
secure some one to fill the place. Accordingly a commit- 
tee of three was appointed to work in conjunction with 
the Mission Board nf the District, under whose direction 

and partial support we are laboring, to secure a pastor to 
take up the work July 1. 

A brief report was given by the pastor, showing some 
of the work accomplished during the past two years, since 
the beginning of his work here. Two hundred and fifty- 
two sermons were preached, with an average attendance 
of forty-six. The Sunday-school attendance averaged 
fifty-five. Eight hundred and twenty-nine pastoral visits 
were made. Three were baptized and three were received 
by letter, making a present membership of twenty-four. 
A new churchhouse has been completed, costing nearly 
five thousand dollars, and free from debt. 

A bequest by Bro. William Lehman, of thirty-five hun- 
dred dollars, was made for a new parsonage. This was 
built at a cost of about $4,500— the balance being paid by 
the District Mission Board under instructions from the 
District Conference. Homes owned by members near the 
mission have increased over one hundred per cent during 
the past two years. The outlook of the work is most en- 
couraging for a church organization in the not distant 
future. The writer was chosen as "Messenger" agent. 
Jan. 6. Lula O. Guthrie. 


Our Sunday-school observed a " giving Christmas," as 
has been our custom for years. The Beginners, Primaries, 
Hustlers and Bible Class remembered the Mexicans of 
our own town. The Men's Bible "Class furnished fifteen 
beds in the Chinese hospital. The Alpha and Altruistic 
girls remembered both the Mexicans and the Chinese 
famine sufferers. The Junior Department, Live Oak Boys, 
J. O. C.'s, Excelsiors, and Live Wires remembered the 
Chinese famine sufferers. Our Thanksgiving offering of 
$315 was given to the famine sufferers also. The Royal 
Sons did work about the yard and garden of two aged 

The Primary and Beginners' program took the form 
of a Chinese social, as the Vaniman family were 
with us, dressed in native costume. This afforded the 
children a splendid opportunity to hear about the work 
among the Chinese as well as to see the curios the 
Vanimans brought from there. Sister Vaniman presented 
the Primaries with a Chinese shoe, to use as a receptacle 
for self-denial money for the Chinese sufferers. Our 
general Christmas program was rendered Dec. 22. 

Our recently-elected officers took their places last Sun- 
day with Bro. I. F. Funderburgh, superintendent. 

We have been using our new building for a few weeks 
and find ourselves more adequately housed — though there 
is no room to spare. 

Our recent series of meetings was conducted by Eld. 
Geo. W. Hilton. He and his good wife were with us 
two weeks and spared no efforts in behalf of the Master's 
work. Eight came out on the Lord's side. Five were 
baptized and three reconsecrated. 

Grace H. Miller.. 


Dec. 18 our regular business meeting was held. At 
this a reorganization for the year was effected. Bro. 
William Witt was rechosen as Sunday-school superintend- 
ent. Bro. Claud Hanson, president of the Christian 
Workers" Society; Bro. M. A. Hanson, church clerk. On 
Sunday evening preceding Christmas the children and 
young people rendered a splendid program. Our body of 
young people is growing and their zeal in the work of - 
the church is most commendable. They have recently 
organized for more definite spiritual and social service. 
New song books have been purchased and the members 
meet in the homes for music practice. 

The past year was fruitful and filled with blessings. 
Twenty-one members were added to the church, eight 
of whom were baptized— most of. these coming from the 
Sunday-school. The regular attendance during the year 
has steadily increased and a vital interest is being mani- 
fested by the people of the community. We feel that the 
outlook for continued growth is large. Our Sisters' Aid 
Society, though few in number, has also been a faithful 
auxiliary of the church. 

On account of the distance from Chicago, where our 
pastor and wife are in school, it seemed necessary for 
them to discontinue the work here. Bro. Russell Shull, 
of Manchester College, has resumed pastoral charge. The 
Christian ties of love and fellowship in service bind us 
very closely together and we realize more keenly the joy 
of belonging to the family of God. Mrs. J. C. Shull, 

3435 Van Buren Street, Chicago, 111., Jan. 8. 


During the holidays, from Dec. 27 to 31, in the Cerro 
Gordo church, was conducted our thirteenth annual In- 
stitute. Bro. M. W. Emmert, of Mt. Morris, taught from 
the Book of First John and lectured on "Christian De- 
votion " and " The Call of the Ministry." 

Bro. Ezra. Flory taught along Sunday-school lines and 
pedagogy in a unique way, which put a new phase on 
these subjects. Every one took new interest, seeing that 
there are many things yet to be learned and appreciated, 
even in old subjects. These brethren*were at their best, 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


al! through the Institute, and the end came only too soon. 

Sister Anna Miller was equal to the occasion in the 
"Story Hour" with the children, and had a splendid in- 
terest and attendance of children and visitors. 

The Vacational Bible School was made prominent in 
the Convention. Eleven schools out of twenty-eight had 
made plans for a Vacational School before coming to the 
Convention. One new school was added to our list dur- 
ing the past year, in Springfield, 111. 

There were a number of Sunday-school choristers rep- 
resented in the meeting. The music was placed in their 
hands and efficiently handled. Several fine choruses of 
fifty voices were prepared during intermissions and sung 
at night sessions. Other special songs were sung by 
quartettes and octettes. Seventeen schools were rep- 
resented by delegates and many others attended from the 
various schools. Friendships were formed by many of 
the young people who never had the privilege of attend- 
ing a meeting of this type. Then, too, the Cerro Gordo 
church knows how to entertain a Convention and did it in 
a most hospitable manner, feeding the people, cafeteria 
style, in the church basement. This made it very con- 
venient to work out every phase of the meeting. Since 
we were all kept at the church, the large crowd entered 
into any part, as called upon, with a whole heart. 

We are looking forward to the next Institute with great 
anticipations, and since all those who attended, reported 
to their home schools what a great meeting it was, many 
others wish they had gone too. Next year the committee 
expects to see'you.. Every care is being entered into now 
to plan even a better Institute during the next holidays. 

Officers of the Institute: S. S. Blough, Chairman; D. W. 
Shock, Treasurer and Acting Secretary; Edith Bubb, Sec- 
retary. D. Warren Shock. 

Girard, 111. _^ 


A number of our organized classes filled several baskets 
on Thanksgiving Day for the needy in our part of the 
city. Short services were held in each home. Our church 
r.iet in council Dec. 20. The followi'.g officers were 
elected: Church clerk, Sister Viola Hoist; president of 
Christian Workers, Sister Mildred Whcaton; "Messenger" 
agent and correspondent, the writer. The Sunday-school 
decided to organize a Junior Department. The room for 
that purpose will be ready for use the first Sunday in the 
year. Our Aid Society reorganized with Sister Robinson, 

Dec. 23 our Sunday-school rendered a very helpful pro- 
gram under the management of Bro. M. M. Chambers. 
Bro. Winfield Caslow led the chorus class. Our Sunday- 
school raised $222.15 for the Chinese sufferers. Our 
intermediate class of girls, ranging from the ages of thir- 
teen to sixteen, raised the banner collection of $50.05. It 
might be interesting to some to know how part of the 
money was raised, as all the girls go to school. Brother 
and Sister Wilkins opened their home for the girls to 
give a supper. Forty tickets were sold at 40 cents each, to 
members and friends. In this way they cleared $10. 

Two of our boys, Bro. Harold Chambers and Bro. 
Archie Patrick, from Manchester College, were with us 
during the holidays. The latter filled the pulpit on Sunday, 
Our church has lost, by death, one of her most faithful 
members, Sister Boerma. 

If any one should happen to be in the city over Sunday, 
we would be glad to have him worship with us. Our 
church is situated in the southern part of the city. Take 
a division car and ride to the end of the car-line. Walk 
west about two blocks. Katie Register. 

Eld. Jacob Witmore has been, during the years in 
which I have been pastor of this church, one of its most 
faithful attendants and one of the best listeners to the 
sermons. It has been a joy to preach to a man of his 
rugged intellectual strength, his wide and accurate Bib- 
lical knowledge — one having such keen faculties of dis- 
crimination and discernment. Educated in the schools of 
his day, without the privileges of these later gracious 
years, he acquired, by dint of his own exertion, a remark- 
able fund of knowledge. He had a skill in handling the 
same which would have, under better auspices, made him 
a preacher of wide renown. 

We have not always, as a church, emphasized as much 
as might be proper, beauty of expression in prayer and 
worship. I think I can say, in absolute truth, that I knew 
of no man in the church who could make a public prayer 
of such transcendent beauty. He has made many a prayer 
at public worship, and especially at funerals, which if 
copied as he gave them, would live in the devotional liter- 
ature of all time. Some people pretend to despise beauty 
of expression in public worship and prayer, on the plea 
that it is the thought and the spirit that are of importance, 
rather than mere words. This is due very often to their 
own inability to express a thought in the chaste harmo- 
nies of beauty. Let me hasten to add that his every prayer 
was a vehicle of the Spirit, to lift it up to God. 

Bro. Witmore lived among us as a tall, straight oak, his 
head bathed in the lights of heaven. He had a fine sense 
of righteousnes, a passionate fervor of conviction, and a 
facile spiritual intuition of truth. Tn an age when men 

have no opinions and veer hither and thither, he stood 
four-square for truths that none could deny. He com- 
bined a fine religious experience with the moral grandeur 
of the Puritan. His life was a constant protest against 
sin, and he loved duty as a prophet. He saw truth clear- 
ly, and followed it unswervingly. He had love for all, 
was forgiving toward the penitent, a leader in the church 
and devoted to his Lord. He leaves a blessed bendiction 
upon all who knew him. A. J. Culler (Pastor). 

McPherson, Kans. 

Additional Facts About Bro. Witmore*s Evangelistic 

Bro. Jacob Witmore, in his labors in the evangelistic 
field, was often accompanied by his wife, Amanda Bosser- 
man Witm.ore. His eastern trip included Ohio, Pennsyl- 
vania and Virginia. Later on a southern trip was made to 
Texas, Arizona and' Oklahoma, disseminating the Breth- 
ren's doctrine anrl organizing churches which still con- 
tinue in the places where faithful brethren were located. 
His wife conducted the song service. She also carried on 
Sunday-school work, especially among the children. 

Sister Barbara Weaver Beaver, daughter of the late 
Jonathan and Sarah Weaver, was born May 4, 1870. Her 
grandfather was the late 
Bishop Jos. Myer, one of the 
good old, staunch pioneer 
leaders of his day. Sister 
Beaver, at the age of sixteen 
years, became a member of 
the Church of the Brethren. 
After some years of service 
she attended the Bible Term 
at Elizabethtown College, 
where Eld. Jesse Zieglcr 
was present, and seeing the 
qualities and enthusiastic 
ambitions hidden in the life 

Sister Barbara Weaver Beaver of great possibilities, he pre- 
vailed upon Sister Barbara 
to take up home mission work, which she did, and entered 
upon her new ditties a few months later, locating in the 
city of Reading, Pa., where she continued" about two 
years. Later, feeling the need of greater preparation for 
the Master's service, she entered Elizabethtown College. 

April II, 1905, she married Eld. Spencer Beaver. In the 
fall of 1906 they took up the mission work at Shamokin, 
Pa., where they spent about four years. They next took 
pastoral charge of the Maiden. Creek congregation, re- 
maining there about five years. 

While in the midst of an active life and useful service, 
Bro. Beaver's sight failed him and they were forced to 
retire from active service indefinitely. With these difficul- 
ties encountering them, the Lord still had a field for them 
to labor in, when they came to the Brethren Home at 
Im efTsville, Pa., two years ago. Here Sister Barbara gave 
her life and service for the aged and helpless, until about 
nine months ago, when declining health compelled her, 
with her husband, to retire entirely from active life. 

Sister Beaver suffered intensely of complications which 
set in, but endured her sufferng patiently. The last few 
weeks she was cared for in the home of her sister, Mrs. 
L. Clayton Overly, this also being the home of her aged 
mother. She died Dec. 3, 1920, aged fifty years, six months 
and twenty-one days. She is survived by her husband, 
mother, three brothers and one sister. Services at the 
Monterey church, by Elders I. N. Musser, M. Ebersole 
and the writer. Burial in the cemetery adjoining. 

Bafeville, Pa. D. S. Myer. 


The writer and family came to Des Moines last spring 
and were surprised to find such a live little church with a 
comfortable, convenient and well-equipped church build- 
ing. The church is located on East Sixteenth and Des 
Moines Streets, in a semi-business and residence district 
of the city, not far from the capitol building. Although 
the church has not been built many years, it is already 
becoming too small for us. Last year we had an average 
attendance in our Sunday-school of seventy-eight. Under 
the superintendency of Bro. F. B. Shaw, the attendance 
has grown from a small number to its present average. 
We have set our mark at one hundred for the average 
attendance for this year, and the outlook is quite favor- 
able. This is due to the fact that we are fortunate to have 
a consecrated and talented corps of nine teachers. Bro. 
F. B. Shaw continues as superintendent for 1921. 

Through the efforts and cooperation of their teacher, 
the superintendent and the prayers of the entire Sunday- 
school, the boys' class, consisting of about twenty-five 
intelligent and energetic youths of about fourteen to six- 
teen years of age, signed pledges to abstain from the use 
of narcotics for one year, and as a mark of appreciation 
they were entertained at a banquet, held at the home of 
Bro. Shaw. This seemed to have been appreciated by 
every lad. May God bless them in their determination to 
live clean lives and to become men such as he can use! 

Bro. N. E. Baker has been our pastor for almost two 
years and the church is exceedingly fortunate in having 
his excellent service. He is caring for the work admirably 
and is a conservative Bible student. His messages are 
such as to cause one to seek closer relationship with one's 

We have recently purchased a much needed parsonage, 
which is located within a block of the church, at 1548 
Lyon Street. This was accomplished through the enthu- 
siasm and sacrifice of the members here and the financial 
aid of the District Mission Board of Middle Iowa. 

Should any members be passing through our city, who 
desire to get in touch with us, they may find it convenient 
t& telephone the writer at the Capitol Hill Bank and will 
find themselves heartily welcomed by the church. We 
will he glad for the chance to entertain you while in the 
city. O. C. Caskey. 

1504 East Court Avenue. 


The Wenatchee church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. 
E. L. Whisler presiding. Several letters were granted. 
At a former meeting the name of the church was changed 
to Sunny Slope, but this church being the first organized 
in Nortli Central Washington, over eighteen years ago, 
the members felt that the former name, Wenatchee 
church, was better suited, hence it was voted to take the 
original name of the Wenatchee church. 

The financial question has been an old and distressing 
one. Over eleven years ago the church set out to do 
more aggressive work and lots were'bought, with a small 
payment down. Not long after, it became manifest that 
the site was not agreeable to some of the membership. 
Naturally therefore, further steps were deferred. Then on a very sharp decline in prices of fruit, making it 
impossible to even pay for the lots contracted for. At 
this January meeting a public subscription was started, 
which resulted in the complete liquidation of the debt, 
and left a balance in the treasury of about two hundred 
dollars. This church has learned that the best working 
basis for any church is the cash basis. 

The future of this church is bright, for it is now well 
manned with memhers who have "exercised" in the 
grace of giving — not only of money hut of time. Three 
congregations have been formed from parts of the Wenat- 
chee church, yet we have left a membership of sixty or 
more, with a splendid lot of young people. Now, since 
our church is once more free from debt, a spirit of opti- 
mism seems to pervade, which, wc hope, will be abiding. 

Wenatchee, Wash. J. R. Peters, 


The Sunday after Christmas our Sunday-school made 
a liberal contribution to the China sufferers. In the 
evening in connection with a splendid program, rendered 
by the children under the direction and training of Sisters 
Mabel Lambert, Grace Detwiler, Orpha Hershberger and 
Edith Livingston, a representative from each class 
brought its White Gift to the King, and laid it at the foot 
of the cross on the pulpit. It was a beautiful sight. The 
offerings of the day, augmented by $25 from the Sisters' 
Aid Society and what we had previously sent in, totaled 
about $460. 

Our business meeting at the church, Dec. 30, was most 
harmonious and interesting. The reports read by the va- 
rious treasurers were most encouraging. The amount of 
money raisefl by the church and her auxiliaries, for cur- 
rent expenses and missionary and benevolent purposes, is 
about $8,000. 

We organized for the year as follows: Secretary, Bro. 
J. P. Coleman; financial secretary, Bro. J. J. Mishler; 
" Messenger " correspondent, J. F. Blough : member on 
Temperance and Purity Committee, Sister Lou Beam; 
members on Missionary Committee, Sisters Fay Hoch- 
stcin and Ivy Coleman; Child Rescue Committee. E. C. 
Mosholdcr. Sister Ida Lambert was elected on the Sun- 
day-school Board. Delegates to District Meeting: Jerome 
E. Blough. Brother and Sister E. M. Detwiler and J. P. 
Coleman. Our work, both in church and Sunday-school, 
is starting out encouragingly for the new year. Our evan- 
gelistic campaign is on, with Bro. J. H. Cassady doing 
the preaching. Jerome E. Blough. 

1309 Franklin Street. Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 4. 

This is a point within the bounds of the Antioch con- 
gregation, Bedford County, near Goode. Va., about twelve 
miles from the home church. A union house has recently 
been built here and our members of this vicinity have an 
equal share in this, with two other denominations. This 
is near the former home of Eld. S. P. Beahm. Brethren 
B. H. Funk and John Hughes have been his colaborers in 
the ministry at this place. 

The writer assisted in the dedication of their church- 
hnusr last August, and upon the urgent call of the mem- 
bership'there. he conducted three services on Saturday 
and one the first Sunday of November. There were nine 
conversions as an immediate result of these services. We 
went again the first Sunday of December, when there was 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 

one more confession of faith. On Sunday eight of these 
precious souls were received into the church by baptism. 
Seven members lived in this vicinity prior to this time. 
With their number a tittle more than doubled, they feel 
much encouraged to go on and do greater things in the 
Master's name. 

Bro. E. H. Whitten has lived here a number of years, 
and he and his faithful wife have devotedly held up the 
standard of their Savior and the good name of the church 
they love so well. It was a great joy to them to see three 
of their own children brought into the fold. There is 
great need here for regular and definite pastoral and 
evangelistic efforts that the Church of the Brethren may 
grow in this field, where our membership is small and 
scattered. We pray that the Lord may send laborers into 
this field. L. C. Coffman. 

Daleville, Va., Jan. 3. 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Continued from Page S3) m 

power and the membership was spiritually strengthened. Jan. 2 
an offering of over $30 was lifted for the sufferers of China and 
Europe.— Pernia Root. Wntcrford, Calif.. Jan. 6. 


Antioch church met in council with Bro. Hylton presiding. One 
letter was granted and officers were elected for the coming year. 
Bro. Henry Crist, of Colorado Springs, was elected elder. The chil- 
dren gave a program on Christmas Eve and instead of a treat a col- 
lection of $8.45 was taken for the suffering Chinese.— Mrs. Ida A. 
Heaston, Yoder. Colo.. Jan, 8. 

Cheraw church met in council Dec. 18. We elected our church 
officers for the coming year: Bro. David Hamm, elder and pastor; 
Bro. T A Henard, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Anna Coff- 
man, president of Christian Workers' Society; Sister Mary Henard. 
President o[ the Aid Society; Sister Elizabeth Ungcr, superintendent 
of the Mothers and Daughters" Meeting. On Thanksgiving Day the 
sermon was followed by a well -at tended community dinner in the 
basement of the church. Dec. 9. 10, and 12. Bro. W. O. Bcckncr. of 
McPherson. Kans.. was with us. giving three illustrated lectures. 
Bro. Bcckncr is a member of the Temperance Committee of our 
District. One of his lectures was on the cigarette evil. We were 
especially glad for this lecture and that so many of the young men 
of the community attended it. On Sunday evening after Christmas 
our Sunday-school gave .1 very fitting Christmas program.— Emma 
B. Hamm, Cheraw, Colo,, Dec. 26. 

Colorado Springs church met in council Dec. 19, with our pastor. 
Eld. H. F. Crist, presiding. All officers for the church, Sunday- 
school and Christian Workers' Society were elected for the year. 
We are planning to hold a revival as soon as an evangelist can be 
secured. Our program on Christmas evening was enjoyed by all 
present. At the close an offering of $76 was lifted, to be sent to the 
China Eamine and Armenian Belief funds. Two have accepted 
Christ with the beginning of the New Year, and we feci that others 
are near.— Maude Baker, Colorado Springs, Colo., Jan. 4. 

Fruita church nut in council Jan. 7. with Eld. J. R. Frantz in 
charge All officers for the ensuing year were elected: Bro. Frantz, 
elder; Bro. Salem Beery, pastor; Sister Lizzie Brumbaugh, "Mes- 
senger" agent; (he writer, correspondent; Sister Effie Gnagey. Chris- 
tian Workers' president. We raised over $1,300 the past year for 
church activities. Our Sunday-school has started out with a splendid 
enrollment. Our Christmas program was a great success, the house 
being crowded,— J. A. Austin, Fruita, Colo., Jan. 9. 

Grand Junction.— The church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. 
J. D. Coffman presiding. It was decided by the church that all 
officers of the church and Sunday-school hold over another year. 
One has been baptized since the last report. Our Sunday-school 
has done well and is growing in numbers and interest. We often 
hear of members who desire to make a change in location and 
desire also to he useful in the Master's cause. The climate here is 
one of the most healthful that we know of, and there is always work 
to be done for the Lord, by the Christian man and woman. If any 
of our ministering brethren pass through Grand Junction, we in- 
vite them to stop and preach for us. The writer is located at 258 
Hill Avenue.-D. M. Click. Grand Junction, Colo., Jan. 11. 

Bethany congregation lifted an offering Dec. 19 of over $21. Over 
$14 was sent to the Chinese relief. Dec. 26 we reorganized the Sun- 
day-school, with Bro. Isaac Thompson, superintendent. Afterward 
Eld. W. M. Wine preached a most powerful sermon on " The Second 
Coming of Christ." Jan. 3 Bro. Earl W. Ftohr, of New Windsor. Md.. 
was with us in the interest of the Bible Institute and Training School. 
Wc arc considering sending one delegate. Bro. Flohr also aroused 
some interest for the Vacation Bible School.— Clara Scldcrs. Farming- 
ton. Del., Jan. 10, 

Washington City.-Our Christmas program was rendered on Thurs- 
day evening, Dec. 23, to a crowded and very appreciative house. An 
offering of $125 was taken for the Chinese famine sufferers. The 
attendance at Sunday-school on the first Sunday of the new year 
broke all previous records. We are crowded for Sunday-school room. 
On Thursday evening. Jan. 6, we were favored with the presence of 
Brethren I. W. Taylor and W. J. Swigart at our prayer meeting 
services. The comments made by these faithful brethren were much 
appreciated. We expect to have with us Brethren Ross D. Murphy 
and Wm. Kinsey. both of Blue Ridge College, to conduct a Bible 
Inst.tute Jan. 22 and 2J.-Mrs. J. H. Hollinger. 320 D Street, S. E.. 
Washington, D. C. Jan. 10. 


Nezperce church met in council Dec. 27. with Bro. A. R. Fike pre- 
siding. Officers for the year were elected: Elder, Bro. A. R. Fike; 
clerk. Sister Edith Smith Rinehart; Sunday-school superintendent 
Bro. C. F. Thomas; Christian Workers' president, Sister Cynthia 
Thomas. Bro. Fred A. Flora, of Moscow, has been secured as pastor 
for one year, to commence April 1. Three tetters have been granted 
since our last report. Our Thanksgiving offering of $32.60 was sent 
to the Chinese sufferers, and our Christmas offering of $39.55 to the 
Armenians. We expect to hold a Bible Term the first week in 
March, with Bro. Trastle, of San Gabriel. Calif., as instructor. Christ- 
mas exercises were given by the Sunday-school children. On New 
Year's Day the Aid Society served dinner in the basement to about 
sixty.-Mattie E. Thomas, Nezperce. Idaho. Jan. 2. 


Bethel church met in council Jan. 5. Christian Workers' officers 
for the first six months of 1921 were chosen. Many other matters 
were discussed— one being the advisability of our church joining 
in with the other churches of the town in a union revival. It was 
decided to do this. A training school of religious education is being 
started here in our city, for the training of parents and Sunday- 
school and week-day teachers of religion. Some of our number ex- 
pect to lake advantage -f this splendid opportunity to know their 
Bibles better and to be better qualified to teach others.— Estetla B 
M. Erb. Napervillc. 111., Jan. 12. 

Dixon church met in regular business session Dec. 30? with Eld. 
John Heckman presiding. Bro. Heckman was reelected as elder for 
another year; Bro. Thomas McWcthy. Sunday-school superintendent. 
Some action was taken in arranging for a Summer Vacation School. 
A deputation from Mt. Morris College gave us an interesting program 
Nov. .14. Dec. 19 Bro. Galen B. Royer Jr.. gave us two inspiring 
addresses on Religious Education. The Thanksgiving offering of 
*Z5-», also the birthday offerings for the year, were sent to Chineae 

relief, and the Christmas offering of $14,35 to the Chicago Mission. 
The young ladies recently organized a Missionary Society. They meet 
in the homes monthly and will give special programs at the Christian 
Workers' Meetings. Our different lines of activities show a splendid 
record for the year.— Mrs. J. J. Johnson, Dixon, 111., Jan. 6. 

Milledgcville church had a business meeting for the election of 
Sunday-school and church officers. Bro. John Gnagey has been re- 
elected Sunday-school superintendent. Four associates were chosen 
to assist him. These officers are to solicit the community and learn 
the advisability of, opening a Vacation Bible School in the summer. 
Our pastor, Bro. O. F. Shaw, was unanimously chosen elder of the 
church for 1921. The Thanksgiving. Christmas and Junior Christian 
Workers' offerings for the China famine sufferers amounted to $140. 
The children and young people gave us an excellent Christmas pro- 
gram.— Mrs. S. L. Whisler, Milledgcville, HI., Jan. 5. 

Oakley church met in council Dec. 22, with Eld. D. J. Blickenstaff 
presiding. Geo. A. Garbcr was elected superintendent. Galen Heck- 
man was chosen as a member of the Christian Workers' Committee. 
Several letters were granted.— Jennie Wagner. Oakley, III., Jan. 10. 

Rock Creek church met in council Jan. 1. Officers for the year are 
as follows: Bro. D. E. Gerdes, elder; Sister Nettie Wejls, missionary 
solicitor; the writer, clerk and " Messenger " correspondent; Bro. 
R. E. Longaneckcr was retained as Sunday-school superintendent.— 
Rebecca H. Gerdes, Morrison. 111.. Jan. 10. 

Rockford church met Jan. 6 in regular business session, with Eld. 
H. S. Sncll presiding. Church officers for the coming year were elect- 
ed. Dec. 26 Sister Goldic Swartz gave two very interesting talks on 
her work in India, which were thoroughly enjoyed by all present. 
Jan. 2 Bro. S. J. Cummins, of Bethany Bible School, gave us an inter- 
esting and helpful sermon in the morning. At our Christmas program 
the church and Sunday-school gave an offering of $105;68 to the fam- 
ine sufferers in China. Our church and Sunday-school arc pro- 
gressing very nicely, considering the difficulties under which we are 
working. We have a good attendance at our services. More would 
attend if we had room to accommodate them. We hope to have a 
suitable building in which to carry on the work in the near future- 
Rosa Andrews, Rockford. III., Jan. 7. 

Sterling.— Jan. 10 the church met in business session. Elder C. M. 
Suter presiding, Bro. Suter was retained as elder, and Bro. and Sister 
Mohlcr will remain in charge of the pastorate lor another year. The 
statistical report gives the church the highest record ever attained 
in benevolent work, for which we praise the Lord. Our membership 
is not so strong in numbers and wealth, but strong in liberality 
and service. At this meeting one young man from the pastor's Sun- 
day-school class received baptism. Two others of the same class 
have recently united with the church. After baptism, hjs classmates 
came forward, and were the first to extend to him the right hand of 
fellowship. Unitedly they arc endeavoring to win the school banner 
for the coming year. The pastor is very appreciative of their efforts, 
for it is realized that the young arc the future hope of the church.— 
Lillic A. Frantz, 1811 E. Fourth Street, Sterling. 111.. Jan. 11. 


Burnetts ville.— Jan, 1 we held our quarterly council, at which we 
elected our officers for the coming year, with Bro. Homer Hanna, Sun- 
day-school superintendent. Our revival meetings begin Jan. 9. with 
Bro. Overholtzer, of Winona Lake, Ind., in charge.— Alta Kendall. 
Burnettsville, Ind., Jan. 8. 

Eel River church closed a very interesting series of meetings Jan. 
2, in charge of Bro. Jesse A. Gump, of Churubusco. Sister Nora 
Seitner, of North Manchester, was leader of song. One of our Sun- 
day-school girls was baptized. On Christmas evening our school 
rendered an appreciated Christmas program.— Laura Miller, North 
Manchester, Ind., Jan. 10. 

Logansport.— Four members have been added to our church by bap- 
tism, this week, having come forward at our regular Sunday morning 
service. We have good preaching, a live Sunday-school, and much 
to be thankful for. Altogether, there have been thirty-six received 
by baptism, and two reclaimed, since the dedication of our church, 
a little over a year ago. The Sunday-school gave an entertainment 
on Christmas Eve, at which an offering was given to the famine suf- 
ferers.— Josephine Hanna, 1713 Buchanan Street, Logansport, Ind., 
Dec. 30. 

Huntington City church recently met in council, with Elders C. C. 
Kindy and Ira Long presiding. Church and Sunday-school officers 
were elected for the year with Bro. Noah Endsley. clerk; W. H. 
Weybright, Sunday-school superintendent; Sister Sadie Kindy, 
Christian Workers' superintendent. Bro. Herbert Billing was also 
installed into the ministry, making two newly-elected ministers and 
six deacons for the past year. Additions to the church were twenty- 
seven, twenty- five by baptism and two reclaimed. Sister Lulu 
Mandenhall was chosen superintendent for the Junior Band, and 
meetings will be held each Sunday evening, at 6: 30 o'clock. It was 
decided to carry on the teacher-training work, recommended by the 
General Educational Board. The average attendance for the Sunday- 
school during 1920 was 140; total offerings, about $1,125. Our Christ- 
mas program was given on Dec. 23. The White Gift service was 
used. It was very impressive and largely attended.— Mrs. Ermal 
Humbert, Huntington, Ind.. Jan. 3. 

Mexico.— Dec. 12 a missionary program was given by the young 
people, and the children presented their donation, which amounted to 
over $100. Brother and Sister Brubaker, returned missionaries from 
China, made a few remarks. In the evening thev gave their stereop- 
ticon views of China, which were interesting " to all. On Sunday 
following Christmas a program was given by the Primary Depart- 
ment in the morning and one by the Intermediates in the evening.— 
Effie E. Keycs, Mexico. Ind., Jan. 7. 

Mt. Pleasant church met in council Jan. I, with our pastor, Bro. 
A. L. Minnich, presiding. Officers and teachers were not eler.ted for 
the coming year, as our elder could not be with us.— Lera E. Miller. 
Ladoga, Ind., Jan. 6. 

Pleasant Dale.— Jan. 2 Bro. J. W. Rogers, of Redkey, delivered a 
sermon on " New Year Resolutions," which was inspiring and uplift- 
ing. Jan. 8 Bro. R. H. Nicodenms, of North Manchester, came to us 
in the interest of the Sunday-school. Saturday night he gave a lec- 
ture on "The Child, Our Supreme Opportunity." Sunday morning 
his subject was. "Things Essential to Christian Service." and in the 
evening, "The Holy Spirit's Place in Individual and Church Life." 
Bro. Nicodemus is a strong and able speaker, and presented his 
subjects in a forceful manner.— Mrs. H. A. Olwin, Monroe, Ind 
Jan. 10. 

Plymouth church met in council on the evening of Dec 30 with 
the membership well represented. The meeting was in charge of 
Ed. J. F. Appleman. We received five letters of membership, among 
which was that of Bro. Arthur Miller (minister) and family, who 
moved from the BHssvillc church. Wc granted three letters also. 
Our newly-elected church trustee is Bro. Harvey Marklcy, who will 
serve as one of the building committee. All the officers of the Sun- 
day- school and Christian Workers' Society were elected. Our super- 
intendent is Bro. Arthur Miller. Our Christian Workers' president 
is Sister Edith Mock. The different reports show the finances to 
be surprisingly good in both the Sunday-school and church treasury. 
The pastor's report was also read, telling of his year's work, after 
which a rising vote of thanks and appreciation was tendered by the 
church for service; rendered. Since our last report wc have lifted 
an offering for the Chinese sufferers. The teachers and officers of 
the ensuing year have all been installed into office and are at 
their post of duty, resolving to do more work this year than ever 
before. At our Christmas program on Sunday evening, our house of 
worship was crowded, which is another evidence of the need of a 
larger house, to care for-the people who will come if they have room. 
We note that every department of the church work is making a re- 
markable growth, for which wc thank the Father who gives the 
people a mind to work.-A. Laura Appleman. Plymouth, Ind.. Jan. 7. 

Second South Bend Church held Christmas exercises Dec. 23. with 
a full house. Special songs and dialogs were rendered and enjoyed 
by all. We took an offering of $61.18 for the Chinese sufferers. Since 
our last report one has been reclaimed.— Mrs. Mac Pontius. South 
Bend, Ind.. Jan. 6. 

Shipshewana.— The Christian Workers' Meeting rendered our 
Christmas program Dec. 19, to a full house, after which wc took an 

offering for China famine relief of $40. Interest in the Christian 
_Workers' Meeting is increasing. The Congregationalists have opened 
up their house to us for our evening services.— Mrs. Geo. S. Sherck. 
Shipshewana, Ind., Jan. 4. 


Muscatine.— Dec. 19, at the close of our services, a brother asked 
to be baptized. Our Christmas program, which we had on Sunday 
evening following, was very interesting and entertaining. It was 
said by many that it was the largest crowd that had ever been in the 
church. The building was rather uncomfortably crowded. We could 
use more room, at the present, for our Sunday-school, and we hope 
that the day may not be far distant when we can have a larger 
building. Jan. 8 we had our regular quarterly council with Bro. I. 
W. Brubaker presiding. All officers were elected for the year. Bro. 
Brubaker is to be our elder for the coming year; trustees for two 
and three years, Brethren Edwin Smith and A. M. Stutsman; Sunday- 
school superintendents, Brethren Roy Bowman and VV. A. Leonard; 
Christian Workers' president, Sister Irene Smith; the writer, "Mes- 
senger" agent and cocrespondent. Sunday morning following, Bro. 
Brubaker took charge of the Sunday-school and the first half hour 
was given to an installation service for all new officers and teachers 
elected. This was a new service for the Muscatine church, but all 
seemed to be impressed by it. Bro. Brubaker gave inspiring sermons 
morning and evening.— Wm. H. Eiler, 416 Fletcher Avenue, Musca- 
tine. Iowa. Jan. 10. 

Panther Creek church met in council Dec. 30, with Eld. H. L. Royer 
presiding. Officers for 1921 were elected as follows: Superintendent 
of Sunday school. E.- F. Emmert; presidents of Christian Workers' 
Society, Sisters Clara Walker and May Badger. A Junior Christian 
Workers' Society and a separate Primary Department of the Sunday- 
school were taken under advisement. Our monthly missionary of- 
fering by the Sunday-school, last Sunday, amounted to $44.45, to 
which Sister Nellie Myers' class added $16, to be sent to the Chinese 
famine sufferers. This makes a little over $265 contributed to this 
cause by our church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society. 
Recently Brother and Sister Tinkle gave a lecture on the " Sacredness 
of Life," presenting stereopticon pictures. Two have been baptized 
recently. A Christmas program was given Dec. 19, which was en- 
joyed by a large and attentive audience.— Mrs. L. D. Replogle, Ken- 
nedy, Iowa, Jan. 7. 

Prairie City church met in council with Eld. I. W. Brubaker pre- 
siding. Nellie Bowie was elected clerk; Jay Brubaker, Sunday-school 
superintendent; Myrtle Dykstra and Kate Colyn, Christian Workers' 
presidents. Brother and Sister Tinkle gave us a talk on the " Sacred- 
ness of Life," which was greatly appreciated. Our Sunday-school 
and church lifted an offering for the Chinese relief fund.— Mrs. L. A. 
Colyn, Monroe, Iowa, Jan. 5. 

Sheldon congregation remembered the Chinese sufferers at Christ- 
mas time by sending the greater part of our White Gifts to them. 
The total amount of our offering was $45.55; $13 of which was pre- 
sented by the Young People's Class who gave it to our Sunday- 
school superintendent as a token of their appreciation for his faith- 
ful service. A short program was rendered in connection with our 
giving. Dec. 19 we elected our Christian Workers' officers, with 
Sister Elsie Kimmel, president. A mass meeting was held the first 
of the year to lay plans for our year's work. Committees were 
appointed for various purposes. We decided to take an offering 
each Sunday evening.— Florence Heagley Kimmel, Sheldon, Iowa, 
Jan. 11. 


Conway Springe. — A revival meeting was recently held at Conway 
Springs church by Bro. 0. H. Austin and wife. The weather con- 
ditions were against them, but in spite of handicaps thirteen came 
out on the Lord's side. Just prior to the meetings, a very suc- 
cessful union revival was held in the city and consequently the 
field was worked pretty thoroughly. The Lord blessed us wonder- 
fully through it all. The city friends were enthusiastic over the 
work of Brother and Sister Austin and supported the meetings 
loyally. Many wished we had secured them as union evangelists. 
A council was called Dec. 10 and n large numher were present, Bro. 
N. F. Brubaker was reelected elder for another year; the writer 
was asked to continue as pastor. Sunday-school and Christian 
Workers' officers were elected. A Sunday-school Board and Church 
Board were elected to better correlate the work of both— a step to- 
wards efficiency. The work is encouraging and growing at this 
place.— J. Perry Prather, Conway Springs, Kans.. Jan. 10. 

East Maple Grove church has enjoyed an impetus the last quarter, 
which, wc hope, will result in much good for the Master's cause. 
Oct. 1 Bro. Joel A. Vancil was stationed here by the Mission Board 
of our District. He began his pastoral work with a series of meet- 
ings, which continued for ten days. Bro. Vancil gave some sound, 
practical teaching. On Thanksgiving Day we had a meeting, at 
which an offering of S6.S0 was taken for Chinese famine relief. The 
Sunday -school gave a Christmas program and all gave instead of 
receiving. The money was also sent to Chinese relief, making a 
total of SI2.55-— A. J. Ellenberger, Gardner, Kans., Jan. 11. 

Pleasant View.— Our council was held Dec. 29, with Eld. G. W. Kcedy 
presiding. Officers for the coming year for both Sunday-school and 
church were, elected. Bro. Keedy was retained as a committee to 
seek an evangelist for the spring. One letter was received. Wc were 
fortunate in having Eld. H. D. Michael and wife with us Dec. 19. Bro. 
Michael gave us two masterly sermons. In the forenoon his theme 
was, "The Character of Christ— His Appreciation." In the evening 
he delivered an eloquent appeal on "The Saving Influence of Christian 
Character."" Sister Michael gave a short but interesting talk to the 
children on Sunday morning. Wc* feel that we owe Brother and 
Sister Michael a debt of gratitude for their services rendered here at 
Pleasant View. They returned to McPherson, where they arc taking 
special work, preparatory to going to the mission fields. The brick 
addition to the Brethren Old Folks' Home at- this place is nearing 
completion. It is a modern improvement and a much needed one.— 
V. W. Hornbaker, Darlow, Kans., Jan. 3. 

Scott Valley church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. S. E. Lantz 
presiding. Officers were elected for 1921: Bro. F. R. Smith, trustee; 
the writer, "Messenger" agent and church correspondent! Bro. Harry 
Philippi, Sunday-school superintendent; Bro. John Brammell, presi- 
dent of Christian Workers' Band.— Mrs, E. D. Leavcll, Westphalia. 
Kans., Jan. 6. 


Brownsville.— A Christmas service by our Sunday-school was held 
Dec. 24. An interesting program was rendered, during which a col- 
lection of over $70 was taken for the starving Chinese; $25 of this 
amount was given by the Primary Class. They had been collecting 
the money each Sunday for the past year and the box was opened 
on Christmas Day for the first time. The Christmas service at West 
Brownsville was in the afternoon of Dec. 25, and -at South Brownsville 
on Sunday night. Several organized classes of our Sunday-school 
recently bought carpet for the aisles and platform in our church, 
which was a serviceable and much appreciated gift. The following 
officers were recently elected: Sunday-school Superintendent, Bro. 
Wilbur S. Jennings; Christian Workers' president, Bro. Chas. Hoff- 
master; president of Temperance Union, Bro. S. F. Spitzcr.— Mrs. 
Nellie S. Kactzcl. Brownsville, Md., Jan. 10. 

Green Hill church met in council Jan. 2, Eld. J. H. Beer presiding. 
As there was more business than .could be completed in one after- 
noon, we met again on the morning of Jan. 3. The best of feeling 
was shown at the conclusion of our meeting, and wc trust that it 
marks the beginning of better things. A few officers were chosen, 
and trustees and a visiting committee appointed. At the church 
services on Sunday we took up collections for the starving of China, 
the total amount being, with some fund from the Sunday-school col- 
lections, $108. Wc have a good body of young people here, who show 
their interest by attending practically all the services. It is planned 
to use thcin more in services than has been the case hitherto.— Mrs. 
Grant Mahan, Rehoboth. Md., Jan. 7. 

Longmcadow.— Our Thanksgiving services were well attended and 
an appropriate sermon was delivered by Bro. J. O. Butcrbaugh. An 
offering was given for World-wide Missions. Wc reorganized our 
Sunday-school, with Bro. Claude Wolfe, superintendent. Our Christ- 
mas exercises were held Dec. 26. and despite the inclement weather 
a good audience was present. An offering of $96.56 was given (or 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 

Chinese relief. The following Sunday another opportunity was ex- 
tended, and an offering of $62 was taken.— Mrs. E. S. Rowland, Hag- 
erstown, Md., Jan. 10. 

Peach Blossom.— We enjoyed a week-end Bible Institute Dec. 31 to 
Jan. 2, held by Professors Murphy and Kinsey. of Blue Ridge Col- 
lege. They gave a splendid program, which was highly appreciated 
by all. We had good attendance. — Sara Rittenhousc. Easton, Md.. 




Beaverton.— Our Sunday-school gave a White Gift program for 
Christ nias. The offering in money was divided between the China 
relief work and the Hastings Street Mission in Chicago. A number of 
articles of clothing were given to needy ones. The young people's 
class had a wood-cutting for_ an aged couple, as one of their con- 
tributions. Dec. 29-31 three students from the Bethany Bible School 
held services for us. which were much appreciated.— Martha M. Whit- 
mer, Beaverton, Mich., Jan. 3. 

Crystal church held its quarterly council Jan. 8. Bro. Chas. Dear- 
do rff was chosen elder for 1921; Eld. Floyd Bollinger, pastor; R. B. 
Noll, clerk; Ira Bollinger, Sunday-school superintendent; Fred Noll, 
church correspondent. Bro. B. F. Emley, of South Whitley, Indr, held 
a two weeks' revival and much good was done.— W. H. Roose, Crystal, 
Mich., Jan. 10. 

Harlan church met in council Dec. 11, with Eld. Jacob Sloniker pre- 
siding. Sister Hazel Taylor was elected president of our Christian 
Workers' Meeting. Bro. Sloniker preached for us on Sunday, which 
was much appreciated. Bro. Roy Miller and family moved back to 
their Old home in Colorado, leaving us without a minister. We would 
be glad to hear from any ministers who arc thinking of changing 
locations, as we are anxious to have regular preaching services again. 
Any one who might be interested, may write to cither member of our 
Ministerial Committee: Bro. A. W. Taylor, Copcmish, Mich., or Bro. 
Chas. Miller, Nessen City. Mich. We have Sunday-school and Chris- 
tian Workers' Meeting every Sunday. — Frances Taylor, Copemish, 
Mich., Jan. 6. 

New Haven church met in council Dec. 23, with Eld. C. H. Deardorff 
presiding. Sister Ruby Emrick was chosen as a member of the Mis- 
sionary Committee. Bro. A. Feighner was chosen as superintendent 
of the Sunday-school. Jan. 2 Bro. C. A. Wrighjj, of North Manchester. 
hid., gave an interesting talk in the morning, which was followed by 
lour days of Sunday-school Institute work. He gave splendid service 
which was much appreciated. Our Sisters' Aid Society was reor- 
ganized, with Sister Lizzie Chambers. President. Our church gave 
$14.60 to the Chinese sufferers.— Mrs. Grace Shcrrick, Middleton, Mich., 
Jan. 6. 

Woodland.— Our elder. J. M. Smith, gave us a good Christmas ser- 
mon, after which an offering of $177 was taken for famine relief in 
China. Some who were not present sent their donation in later. 
At present our offering has reached $311.— Mary E. Teeter, Wood- 
land, Mich., Jan. 5. 


Monticello church met in council Dec. 14. Bro. Lcatherman and 
wife were with us in this and also in a previous meeting. Two letters 
were granted arid five were received. On Christmas Day several 
families met at the church and served a basket dinner, after which 
devotional exercises were held. An offering of §5.50 was taken, to 
be used for home purposes.— Mrs. W. S. Sink, Monticello, Minn., 
Jan. 5. 

Morrill church met in business session Jan. 4. In the absence of 
our elder, I. N. Wagoner, our pastor, G. R. Montz, presided. Of- 
ficers for the coming year were elected, and five letters were granted. 
Nov. 28 we held a Thanksgiving service. Brethren J. C. Anker and 
G. R. Montz gave us splendid talks, with a strong appeal for the 
Chinese sufferers. An offering \nos then lifted, and another at 
Christmas time, the two amounting to $58.21.— Mrs. A. L. Montz, 
Foley, Minn., Jan. 10. 


Peace Valley church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. P. L. Fike 
presiding. All officers were elected for the ensuing year: Bro. H. J. 

Masters, superintendent of Sunday-school; Sister Myrtle Deidiker, 
president of Christian Workers; Brethren John Williams and Samuel 
Jarboe, trustees;, the writer, clerk and correspondent. Bro. Lester 
E. Fike will be with us in a meeting some time during the summer. 
Our Thanksgiving offering of $11 was given for the Chinese suf- 
ferers. The children rendered a program at Christmas.— Tillie Deidi- 
ker, Peace Valley. Mo., Jan. 5. 


Kalispell church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. James Harp pre- 
siding. Church and Sunday-school officers were elected: Bro. James 
Harp, elder; Bro. John Murer, Sunday-school superintendent. Four 
letters were accepted, making six since the last report. We have lost 
one by death.— Mary E. Harp, Kalispell. Mont.. Jan. 4. 


Beatrice church met New Year's Day in regular business session. 
After a social time in, the morning a bountiful chicken dinner was 
served iii the basement of the church, which was thoroughly enjoyed 
hy all. At the business meeting in the afternoon the following officers 
were elected: Elder, Edgar Rothrock. of Holmesville; clerk, E. J. 
Kessfcr; correspondent and "Messenger" agent, Mary Neuman; 
Christian Workers' president, Agnes Kessler. Our pastor is giving 
us a scries of Sunday evening sermons on the character and life of 
the twelve apostles.— Mary Neuman, Beatrice, Ncbr., Jan. 6. 

Omaha church met in council on the evening of Jan. 5, with our 
pastor, Bro. W. W. Blough. presiding. A fair representation of the 
membership was present. The meeting was full of inspiration, and 
many constructive plans were laid. The problem of the Omaha church 
is indeed an acute one, as many of the members arc not familiar with 
I he history and traditions of the Brethren, but there are several 
luyal members who are determined in their efforts to push the work 
forward. A splendid foundation has been laid and some phases of 
the work look encouraging. A visitation committee was appointed, 
in order to ascertain the viesvpoint of each member concerning the 
church and the work at this place. A ministerial and evangelistic 
committee, consisting of Brethren J. W. Rasp, Thomas Osborn and 
O. J. Dickey, was appointed to work in conjunction with the Mission 
Hoard and our pastor, to study the spiritual and educational needs 
of the church. The election of officers for the coining year resulted 
as follows: Bro. L. L. Meek, elder in charge; Bro. J. W. Rasp, Sun- 
day-school superintendent; Bro. Ernest Brown, church clerk; Bro. 
O. J. Dickey, Christian Workers' president.— Mrs. O. J. Dickey, 2733 
Mary Street, Omaha, Nebr,, Jan. 7. 


Surrey church met in council Dec 29 to elect officers for church and 
Sunday-school. Bro. D. T. Dicrdorff will be our elder for another 
year, with Brethren D. S. Petry and G. W. Lingofelt, Sunday-school 
superintendents. One letter of membership was received.— Nora E. 
1'ctry, Surrey, N. Dak., Jan. 3. 


Black Swamp. — Dec. 26 a short program was given by the children, 
which consisted of declamations and songs. In the evening we re- 
organized our Christian Workers' Society, with Sister Ella Korn as 
president. We aim to do more effective work in the future than in 
the past. On the Sunday evening previous to that we took an offer- 
ing for the Chinese Famine sufferers which, with what had been sent 
hy individuals, amounted to about $18.— Mrs. Asenath Baker, Le- 
moyne, Ohio, Jan. 7. 

Canton Center church enjoyed Bro. Bagwell's visit among us. He 
delivered two messages full of truth and inspiration. Sister Zuma 
Hecstand, District Secretary, also spent one Sunday here. Her 
work and message also - were helpful and therefore appreciated. Our 
offerings for China's suffering amounted to $175 to date. These of- 
ferings will be continued as long as the need exists. We also took 
an offering on Thanksgiving Day, to- be used to send the " Messen- 
ger " into homes where it i3 not regularly taken.— Rachel A. Mohn, 
Louisville, Ohio, Jan. 6. 

Covington.— Jan. 2 Bro. Geo. W. Flory preached a stirring sermon, 

speaking of the need of giving ourselves wholly to the Lord. All 
appreciated the sermon. Bro. Flory gave the invitation and five 
went forward for baptism. The church here is growing in numbers, 
the members enjoy the services, so that the attendance is very good. 
It is an inspiration to attend the Sunday-school. The Men's Bible 
Class, under the leadership of Brethren Forest Honcyman and Davis 
Flory. gave a dinner during the holidays. The good fellowship and 
kindly feeling pervading the occasion were most enjoyable.— Elizabeth 
Rosenberger Blough, Covington, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Cleveland.— Our annual election of officers was held Jan. 10. Bro. 
Harry Ankcny was again chosen Sunday-school superintendent; the 
writer, secretary and correspondent; Bro. Chas. Elson, trustee for a 
three year term. Bro. J. E. Potts and Sisters Rcploglc and Dredge, 
were appointed a committee to report on new song books, which we 
need very much at this time. All departments of the work in our" 
mission group are in good shape and in charge of capable hands 
for further progress.— C. E. Copeland, Cleveland, Ohio. Jan. 12. 

Lima.— At the quarterly council we chose Bro. G. A. Snider elder for 
another year; Sister Effie Working, Sunday-school superintendent; 
the writer, correspondent. Dec. 30 Bro. H. K Ober gave us a very 
interesting account of his trip and work in Tokio, accompanied by 
views of that place.— S. Cathryn Bowers, Lima, Ohio, Jan. 5. 

Middle District.— Jan. 9 Bro. Robbins. of the Salem church, 
preached for ua. His sermon was taken from Paul's letters to the 
churches in Asia. Bro. C. V. Coppock is attending a short term in 
school at Bethany. Our church has taken an interest in the China 
relief work. Brother and Sister O. C. Sollenbcrgcr, of our church, 
now active in China, sent an appealing letter, telling of the con- 
ditions in that country. In response, a collection ol $58.SS was taken. 
—Marry Heitzman, Tippecanoe City, Ohio, Jan. 10. 

New Carlisle.— Dec, 26 Bro. Roy Teach, of Bethany Bible School, 
gave a very uplifting Christmas sermon. An offering of $110.56 was 
lifted for the Chinese sufferers. Dec. 27-31 the Bible Institute was 
held at our church. Bro. Wieand, of Chicago, and Bro. C. C. Ellis, 
of Pennsylvania, were with us. It was a week of spiritual uplift. 
Bro. J. E. Jarboe and wife, of Lincoln, Ncbr., will commence a series 
of meetings Jan. 9— Ruth B. Shroycr, New Carlisle, Ohio, Dec. 6. 

New Philadelphia.— Nov. 20 Bro Geo. Strausbaugh came to us, 
lo assist in a revival effort. For three weeks he preached the Gospel 
with power. Attendance and interest were good. Our neighbors and 
friends of different denominations attended well, and were an in- 
spiration and help. A short prayer service was held in an adjoining 
room each evening, which added greatly to the power in the meetings. 
Seventeen were baptized. The Sunday-school Institute, held here 
during the holidays, inspired us with new zeal in .the Sunday-school 
work, It was a real pleasure to have our brethren and sisters with 
us from the District. Brethren Wieand and Hoff were the instruc- 
tors and Sister Wamplcr directed the song service. Sister Delia 
Lehman, of North Manchester, had charge of the Vacation Bible 
School, held during the Institute. Our children were intensely in- 
terested. Our quarterly council was held Jan. 5, at which time we 
decided to have three Christian Workers' organizations: Junior, 
I Li' nin.ilii.iii and Senior. Through the generosity and at the earnest 
request of- the members, the pastor, Bro. A. F. Shrivcr, is enjoying 
a vacation while attending the special Bible Term at North Man- 
chester. During the past year our average attendance was 96; 
offerings amounted to $516.89.— Clark Springer, New Philadelphia. 
Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Oakland.— Dec. 26, the day for the rededication of our church build- 
ing, is in the past, but it will be long remembered for the splendid 
crowd of people which filled the house. Bro. Brougher preached a 
powerful sermon on " Jesus Christ the Altogether Lovely." After- 
ward dinner was served in the basement. Bro. Brougher continued 
the meetings until Dec. 31). His closing sermon on "Jesus' Coming" 
was preached to a well-filled house. Bro. Flory, our pastor, continued 
the meetings over Sunday. Eleven were baptized and three reclaimed. 
Jan. 9 we had our first Sunday-school session, with 134 present. We 
now have a much better arranged house for Sunday-school work. 
Under the wise direction of our building committee we were only de- 
prived of our services for three Sundays.— R. T. Wagoner, Bradford, 
Ohio, Jan. 10. 

Portage.— We met in council Dec. 30. Bro, Uriah Garner was ap- 
pointed to secure the services of some one to hold our scries of 
meetings this coming spring. One letter of membership was re- 
ceived. One has been baptized since our last report. We also 
elected church and Sunday-school officers: Clerk, Sister Myrtle 
Dautcrman; superintendent, Bro. Francis Hamilton; correspondent, 
the writer.— Mrs. Henry Dautcrman, Portage, /Ohio, Jan. 11. 

Ross church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. J. A. Guthrie pre- 
siding. The following officers were elected: Superintendent, Bro. 
Abrain Coil; the writer, correspondent; Bro. J. A. Guthrie, elder. 
Jan. 9 a new class was organized in our Sunday-school.— Frances 
Detrick, Spcncerville, Ohio, Jan. 9. 

Salem.— On Christmas evening Brother and Sister Rohrer, of 
Chicago, gave an illustrated lecture on " The Boy." Dec. 26 Breth- 
ren Jesse Bookwalter and Harley Brooks, of Manchester College, 
each gave us a wonderful message. These consecrated young 
brethren plead for all to give their lives to some definite work for 
the Master. The same evening an interesting Christmas program 
was rendered. Dec. 31 Bro. Stover told us of their life and work 
among the people of India. Dec. 9 we had installation services for 
the Sunday-school workers, impressively conducted by Bro. E. E. 
Brumbaugh, of our own congregation. In the near future we expect 
Bro. H. K. Ober to give the first number on our lecture course- 
Delia M. Fox, Brookville, Ohio, Jan. 12. 

Springfield church met in council Dec. 17, with Eld. J. O. Garst 
presiding. Officers for the coming year were elected: Bro. Ira Hoak, 
Sunday-school superintendent; the writer, secretary and "Messen- 
ger " agent. A splendid Christmas program was given by the chii- 
ren Dec.^26, which was well attended. Our local Aid Society received 
a box of clothing from the Harris Creek church, which was greatly 
appreciated. Wc also received " White Gifts " from the West 
Charleston church, which gladdened the hearts ol many of the poor 
children of Springfield. Brethren Rohrer and Click, from Bethany 
Bible School, were with us Jan. 3, with their stcrcopticon views and 
illustrated lecture on "Child Life in Chicago." Our Sunday-school 
is growing in attendance and interest. We are eagerly looking for- 
ward to the time when we shall have a new church in which to 
worship.— Vinnie Barnhart, Springfield, Ohio, Jan. 4. 


Monitor.— Dec. 13 Bro. J. R. Wine, of Wichita, began a revival and 
gave us sixteen inspiring sermons. Eleven were baptized. The 
crowds were not so large, owing to bad roads and sickness in the 
community. Some of the Mennonite brethren invited Bro. Wine to 
hold a service for them Dec. 27. He gave them one of his illustrated 
sermons. Jan. 2 Bro. Geo. Wales gave us a very encouraging sermon. 
Eld. I. H. Miller is only with us every two weeks, as he fills the 
pulpit at Billings every other Sunday. We arc intending to or- 
ganize a Christian Workers' Meeting next Sunday evening. If any 
wish to change locations we would be very glad to have them with 
us Crops are looking fine and we arc having a very pleasant winter. 
-Eunice Dillcr, Nash, Okla.. Jan. 10. 

Thomas church met in council Dec. 31, with our elder, Bro. March- 
and, in charge. Officers for the year were chosen as follows: Bro. 
Appleman, elder; Bro. Stutzman. Sunday-school superintendent; the 
writer Christian Workers' president; Sister Kate Smith, "Messenger" 
correspondent. We gave our Christmas program on Sunday morn- 
ing, Dec. 26. An offering of $160.10 was given for Chinese relief. In 
addition to this the " Never Fail " class (Junior hoys) pledged $25, 
which has since been paid. Twenty or more of our Sunday-school 
have taken up the daily Bible Reading Course, as outlined by Miss 
Konitzky, of Baltimore, Md. We began Jan. 1, and those who follow 
the reading faithfully will have read the entire Bible by Dec. 31, 
1921.— Dora Cripe, Thomas, Okla., Jan. 5. 


Grants Pass.— Bro. H. Haradcr, of Turner, Oregon, visited Grants 
Pass recently, looking up a location. He preached for us Dec. 26 
and Jan. 2. which was much enjoyed by those who heard him. The 
Sunday-school took an o.Terng of $12 for the Chinese famine fund. 

Grants Pass and Williams church organized an Aid Society Jan. 
7. with Sister J. J. Mortem, president. Ten members enrolled. If 
any members or ministers desire to change location for health and 
climate, there is no better place than this. The winters are short 
and the summers are delightful. A perfect irrigation system will 
be completed by June 1, which means wealth to Southern Oregon.— 
Alice S. Christlieb, Grants Pass. Oregon, Jan. 2. 

Nowberg church met in council Dec. 18. Arrangements were left 
in the hands of Eld. S. P. Van Dyke (or our series of meetings, which 
wc expect to hold soon. We arc sorry to report some of our members 
moving away but others are coining in and taking their places. Bro. 
Fred Burkett and family came last fall and Bro. John Wilsey and 
family a short time ago. We are glad for their help and fellowship. 
Our Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society gave a short 
Christmas program Dec. 26. An offering of 22.93 was taken lor 
Chinese relict. Our church starts the New Year organized and ready 
for work, and wc hope to accomplish more than we did during the 
past year.— Eliza J. Moure, Newberg, Oregon, Jan. 6. 


Altoona (Twenty-Eighth Street).— At our quarterly business meet- 
ing held Jan. 5, we elected the following officers: Elder, D. B. Mad- 
docks; pastor, B. F. Waltz; recording secretary, Cyrus B. Reploglc; 
corresponding secretary, Elsie Mcntzcr. All committees, gave fav- 
orable reports, showing much growth in the past year. The member- 
ship now numbers 115, two letters being received and one granted 
at the meeting. Dec. 20 the Sunday-school bad a very interesting 
Christmas program. An offering was lilted at that time for the local 
poor fund, At the quarterly election of officers for the Christian 
Workers' Society, Mrs. Waltz, our pastor's wife, was chosen presi- 
dent. We are planning lor special work for the Juniors this quarter. 
The Sunday-school started out with a new enrollment and increasing 
interest, with the vuriuus oificas all lillcd.— Elsie Mcntzcr, Altooua, 
Pa., Jan. 8. 

Back Creek.— Dec. 18 Bro. J. 1. Baugher. of Elizabcthtown, began 
a two weeks' scries ol meetings at Brandts churchhousc. The 
weather was very good aud the attendance was large, llro. Baugher 
preached on such subjects as " Search the Scriptures," " Repentance," 
'■ Baptism," " Nonoouiormity," and " Our inheritance." They were 
strong Bible sermons, yet children could easily understand them. 
Every message was enjoyed, as was proved by the attendance and 
attention. Nine were baptized, one was received on his former bap- 
tism and one awaits the rite. Wc took au offering of $124.30 for the 
China mission.— Pearl llcckman, Williamson, Pa., Jan. 11. 

Brothers volley church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. D. K. Clap- 
per presiding. The usual annual reports were received, which showed 
encouraging work done during the past year. Election ol officers 
resulted in all the former officers being retained. Upon recommenda- 
tion of the Missionary Committee the church decided to give Brother 
and Sister Geo. Griffith each a scholarship of $10U lor another year, 
in preparation for the foreign mission field. The love feast at the 
Summit house will be held May 15, at 6 P. M., aud at the Pike house 
May 29, at 6 P. M., preceded by a series of meetings by Bro. E. M. 
Detwiler, of Jolinstown, Pa., beginning May 16. Our second Vaca- 
tion Bible School will be held at the Pike house June 17-30. Brethren 
Foster St at! or aud Geo. Griffith and Sister Griffith will be the in- 
structors.— J. C. Rciman, Berlin, Pa., Jan, 9. 

Elk Lack.— The members of this congregation met ou Wednesday 
evening, Jan. 5, for their New Year's business meeting, Reports of 
officers and committees were called for, aud the yearly election oi 
officers was held. During the fall the ladies of the church organized 
an Aid Society under the direction ol Mrs. D. k Clapper. Since its 
organization the society has been meeting weekly lor work. Four 
members from the Mission Baud of Blue Ridge College entertained, 
instructed and inspired Us with a splendid missionary program ou 
the evening of Nov. 11. An offering for the work ot the Mission 
Band was hflcd.-Olivc Maust, Elk Lick, Pa., Jan. 10. 

Fairview.— Our pastor, Bro, G. L. Wine, and wife, conducted a scries 
of evangelistic services Dec. 19 to Jan, 2, The church has been 
greatly strengthened by the inspiring sermons which Bro. Wine 
delivered. Eleven young men and women were baptized, Sister 
Wine led the song service and in her deeply spiritual manner pre- 
pared the people for the Gospel Message. Our Christmas service 
was splendid, consisting oi stereoptieou views of the Other Wise 
Man, by Van Dyke. As the pictures were shuwu, Sister Wine told 
the story. We reorganized our Sunday-school. Many changes have 
taken place on the teachers' staff. The outlook for both our Sunday- 
school and church is very encouraging.— Mrs, Djiuel Shelly, Wil- 
liamsburg, Pa., Jan, 8. 

FaBing Spring.— The Sunday-school at Shady Grove reorganized 
Dec. 26 by electing the writer superintendent. The school hopes to 
do better work this year than in the past. Our aim is to make it a 
standardized school. The Truth Seekers' Class gave $13,51 lor Ar- 
menian relief and the school at Shady Grove gave $15. The whole 
amount sent from this congregation for Chinese relief was $130. Of- 
ferings are now bciug lifted at the different appointments for Ar- 
menian relief. Eld. Oellig was with us at the Shady Grov* church 
Jan. 9 aud preached on the subject, " The Characteristics of a Good 
Church Member." He spoke in a very clear and simple way, backing 
his discourse by the Scripture. At the close of the service one was 
reinstated.— II. N. M. Gcarhart, Shady Grove, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Hostetler church (Greenville Congregation) met in council Dec. 27 
with Bro. Jacob Peck presiding. Bro. Samuel Berkley was chosen 
elder; Bro. Wm. Shultz, secretary; the writer, correspondent. Three 
letters ol membership were granted.— Mae Hostetler, Sand Patch, 
Pa., Jan. 9. 

Huntingdon. — Church and Sunday-school officers were elected and 
installed Dec. 26. Wc are planning to observe the week of prayer, 
and cottage prayer meetings will be held in a number of homes. 
Union evangelistic services will be held in the town for a week, then 
several ol the churches will take up the work. Our evangelistic 
services, in charge of the pastor, Bro. Galen Walker, will begin Jan. 
23, and continue until some time in February. We are busy taking 
offerings for Chinese and Near East sufferers; also for special work 
in our community. We arc working on a fund to put an additioa to 
our church building, which is needed right now.— Eleanor J. Brum- 
baugh, Huntingdon, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Ligonier.— The week of Dec. 19 we gathered from all our services 
about $60 for Armenian relief, and Christmas week wc raised for the 
Chinese famine fund about $80. Jan. 2 we organized a mission Sunday- 
school for the foreigners at Wilpen, a mining town. Sister Margaret 
Griffith is working there under the District Mission Board. About 
twenty-five foreign children were present. We also will conduct 
a class in English, two nights a week, with Sister Arta Miller as 
teacher. Jan. 2 Sister Griffith delivered an excellent sermon on "The 
Second Coming of Jesus."— W. E. Wolford, Ligonier, Pa., Jan. 5. 

Lititz church met in council Jan. 5, with Eld. J. W. G. Hershey 
presiding. The following officers were elected for the coming year: 
Elder, Bro. Hershey; Sunday-school superintendent, H. R. Gibbel; 
Christian Workers' president, H. M. E be rly.— Florence B. Gibbel, 
Lititz, Pa., Jan. 9. 

Meyeradale.— A union Thanksgiving service was held in our church 
on Thanksgiving morning, when Rev. Fisher, of the Methodist church, 
preached to a full house. The offering lifted amounted to $86.21, which 
was sent to the Near East Relief. Sunday-school officers were elected 
for this year, with Bro. J. M. Gnagcy as superintendent. Dec. 26 
a very impressive installation service was held, when all the of- 
ficers of the school— about fifty -three— were installed. Our school 
is progress and crowding us for more room, which we hope 
to have in the near future. In the evening we had our Christmas 
exercises. A very good program was rendered and an offering lifted 
for the Chinese sufferers. Jan. 6 our church met in council, with 
Bro. Coffman presiding. Officers were elected for this year, with 
very few changes. A number of fine reports were read. We gave 
$116.34 for education; $518.81 for home missions; $736.71 for foreign 
missions; $175.11 to the Chinese sufferers; $246.60 to the Near East 
Relief. The Sunday-school and church gave $1,754.28 to our building 
fund. We decided to hold a two weeks' revival, to begin Feb. 13, 
in charge of Bro. Coffman.— Mrs. Theo. Bittner, Meyersdale, Pa., 
Jan. 10. 

(Continued on Page M) 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


BATAVIA, ILL.— Report of Sisters* Aid Society lor 1920: We held 

tings, wiili an average attendance of 9. Our work consisted 

mainl) of quilting, tying comforters and making prayer-coverings. 
W« received from dues, $19.30; for coverings and material sold, $5.17; 
quills, comforters and sewing, $71-36. A mission box, valued at $34.20. 
was donated. Total, J142.49; balance from 1919, $52.10. Wc gave to 
Forward Movement, $15; to (lie Chinese sufferers, $15; to the foreign 
mission fund, $lb. We sent a box tu Chicago mission, valued at 
$29.70; donations. $16. Paid out (or material, $28.16. Total, $119.86; 
balance. $74.73.— Mrs I A Pollock, Secretary, Datavia, 111., Jan. 6. 

BEALETON, VA.-Hcport of Sisters' Aid Society of Midland church: 
Ten regular and two called meetings were held with an average at- 
tendance of leu and an average offering of $1.90. Four comforts were 
made; IS coverings and a number of other articles. Total amount re- 
ceived from sales and offerings. $85.81; balance from last year, $53.27; 
total, $139.08. Expenditures, $114.66; balance, $26.87. Wc sent ?I0 to 
Chinese famine relief; $25 to Hebron Seminary; $15 in local donations; 
$16.67, Forward Movement quota. Officers: President, Sister Alice 
Kline; Vice-President, Sister Lucy Long; Secretary-Treasurer. Sis- 
tcr Eva Hinegardneiv-Mrs. A. J. Andes, Bcnlcton, Va„ Jan. 8. 

ELIZABETHTOWN, PA.-Rcport of Sisters* Aid Society: Wc held 
26 meetings, with an average attendance of 12, Wc made 140 sun-bon-. 
nets, 6 comforts, l.l quilts, donated a large amount of clothing for 
Ne; ir East Relief Work. Contributions: Freeville, N. Y., Mission. $10; 
re for India Orphanage, $50; Forward Movement, $32.79; Annual 
•Offering, $25; Chinese sufferers, $20; to Bessie Rider, our 
ary (o China. $5; Georgia missions, $5. Receipts for year, 
expenditures, $201:34. Officers: President. Mary Hertzler; Sec- 
ary, the writer; Treasurer, Mamie Griffith.— Elisabeth Nye. Eliza- 
bethtown, Pa.. Jan. 5. 

FOUR MILE, IND.-Our Aid Society held 9 meetings during the 
year, With an average attendance of £i. The work consisted of piec- 
ing and making comforts— some to be sold and others donated to 
people in Several little dresses were made and sent to China. 
I (25 to Forward Movement; $36.50 for the support of a French 
child; $5 (or Christmas Fund at Richmond; $10 to Salvation Army; $10 
i.. Hastings Street Mission, Chicago; $10 as a present to our pastor's 
wife; $13 for flowers and fruit for shut-ins at Christmas. Amount of 
money carried over from 1919, $173.55. Amount laken in. $209.50; paid 
out. $208.41; balance, $174.64.— Ruth Edgcworth. Liberty, Ind.. Jan. 3. 

GRUNDY COUNTY, lOWA.-Rcport of the Ivestcr Aid Society for 
1920: Mei-lings held, 21; average attendance, 13. Carried over from 
1919, $48.19; received from sales and quilting, $218.75; offerings. $27.97; 
total, $294.91. We gave to foreign and home missions. $232.31. Amount 
on hand. $62.60. Officers: President, Hannah Mcsser; Vice-President. 
Frances Button; Secretary. Ethel Snapp; Treasurer, Alice Shellcr; 
Superintendent, Ruth Shellcr— Grace Miller, Eldora, Iowa, Jan. 6. 

HUNTINGTON CITY, IND.-Report of Aid Society for 1920: We 
held 43 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 7; enrollment. 
IS We made' 19 comforts and 13 quilts. Our income for the year 
was $96,99, with $64.06 in the treasury from last year. Expenses: $20 
to hospital and Boarding School in China; $10 to Laura Shock, China 
Mission; $10 to Charity Guild of this city; $30.88, Old Folks and 
Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind.; clothing valued at $35; $3 for praycr- 
coveriugs; $14.20 for church expenses; $6.59, miscellaneous; balance, 
$66.38. Officers: President, Mary Bailey; Vice-President, Nellie 
Rinker; Superintendent, Maggie Olingcr; Secretary-Treasurer, the 
writer.— Ida Paul,_ Huntington. Ind., Jan. 5. 

KANSAS CITY, KANS.-The Central Avenue Sisters' Aid Society 
elected officers Oct. 20 for the coming year: President, Sister Mary 
Miller; Secretary-Treasurer, Sister Ella McCunc. Wc held 28 meet- 
ings; average attendance, 6, We made 15 quilts and joined 2 quilt- 
lops. We gave $10 to odr District Secretary for the Forward Move- 
ment fund; $10 for the Chinese (amine sufferers. Wc used some of 
our funds for local relief work and sent flowers to the sick.— Ella 
McCunc, Kansas City. Kans.. Jan. 5. 

LANARK, ILL.— Report of the Aid Society for 1920: Amount re- 
ceived for work, $20.30; collections, $31.47; expenditures. $50.93; amount 
in savings bank. $20.43; balance, $21.27. Number of meetings held, 
23; average attendance. 13. We made 14 comforts, 2 quilts, several 
quilt-tops, 23 different articles; sent Thanksgiving donation to Hast- 
ings Street Mission; one package to Mt. Morris; "Messenger" to 
sisters. We sent several baskets of fruit and flowers to the sick in 
our community. Officers: President, Lillic Bloycr; Vice-President, 
l.illie Finifrock; Secretary-Treasurer, (he writer.— Minnie Puterbaugh, 
Lanark. HL, Jan. 5. 

LIMA, OHIO.— Report for Ihe year ending December. 1920: Wc held 
12 meetings, with an average attendance of 12. Our work consisted 
of making coverings, aprons, comforters, also clothing for the needy. 
Wc donated one box of clothing to the Hastings Street Mission, also 
$10 each to two sisters for a Christmas present. Expenses, $30.16; 
balance on hand. $35.12. Officers: Sister Lillic Bowers, President; 
Sister Mary Roberts, Secret ary -Treasurer.— Lucy Armcntrout. Lima. 
Ohio. Jan. 4. 

NEWBERG, OREGON. -Report of Sisters' Aid Society: Number of 
meetings held, 66; average attendance, 4. Wc swept and dusted the 
church each week, helped clean the church twice; served one dinner, 
made 34 quilts, 22 comforters. 20 prayer-coverings and did some other 
sewing. On hand, Jan. 1. 1920. $7.19; received for work done. $77.13; 
donations. $28.70; total, $113.02. We paid out to Ping Ting Hospital. 
China, $10; Girls' Boarding School, India, $10; Helping Hand Fund 
of Oregon, $5; Home thurch expenses. $25.35; for material and in- 
cidentals. $382*4; presents, $4; material on hand. $26.43; balance, 
518.73. — Eliza J. Moore. Secretary, Newberg, Oregon, Jan. 6. 

NEW MADISON, OHIO.-Rcport of Beech Grove Aid Society: We 
held 15 all-day meetings, with an average attendance of 5. We quilt- 
ed 4 quilts, joined 5. which wc had pieced; made SS garments and 45 
bonnets; served 4 sale-dinners. We sent clothing and eatables to 
Chicago Mission, valued at $30; $10 in money also; Forward Move- 
ment, $25; storm relief. $25; India Orphanage, $25; Chinese sufferers. 
$25. Amount received. $141.28; paid out. $110; carried over from last 
year, $116.14; balance, $147.42. Officers: Mrs. Matinda Bollinger, Presi- 
dent; Mrs. Francis Hollinger. Treasurer.— Mrs. Mertie Hollinger New 
Madison. Ohio, Jan. 5. 

NOKESVILLE, VA.-Our Sisters' Aid Society held 12 meetings, with 
an average attendance of 9. The Society made garments, comforters, 
coverings, etc.. and served lunch during Bible Term. Amount taken 
in. $172. We gave $33.34 toward ihe Hospital in China and Girls' 
School in India; $25 to Hebron Seminary; $10 for Vacation Church 
Schools in the Eastern District of Virginia; besides donations to the 
poor. Wc also helped Hebron Seminary in mending bed-clothes 
Officers: Mrs. Mahlon Secse, President; Mrs. A. K. Craybill, Vice- 
President; the writer, Secretary-Treasurer.— Mrs. F. J. Bycr. Nokcs- 
ville. Va.. Jan. 2. 

OAK GROVE, VA.-Ret.ort of Sisters' Aid Socicly. Lebanon con- 
gregation: We met in 10 regular and 2 called meetings. Wc have an 
enrollment of 15 active, 2 honorary and 10 benevolent members, with 
an average attendance of 9; total number of visitors. 7. Wc made 
prayer- coverings, comforters, pillow-cases, aprons, towels, etc Bal- 
ance on hand from last year. $48.28; free-will offering. $41.56; birthday 
'.ffenngs. $8.08; special offering. $25.91; goods sold, $49.10; prayer- 
covenngs, $13.15; Larkin goods. $24.48; extracts. $17.20; total. $232.61. 
Donations. $5.93. Wc paid out for benevolent purposes: $36.50, French 
orphan; $2.50 for a minister; $30. Chinese relief work; total. $69. Wc 
expended during the year. $144.72; balance. $18.15. Wc sent a box of 
garments to Brooklyn Mission, and one sunshine box to a sick" 
brother. Officers: President, Sister Laura Zigler; Vice-President. 
Suter Lucy Sheets; Secretary, the writer; Treasurer Sister Kate 
Cline.— Anna Wine. Mt. Sidney. Va., Jan. 6. 

PIPE CREEK, IND.-During 1920 we held 16 all-day meeting* and 2 
half day meetings, with an average attendance of 16. Wc made 115 
garments, 10 quilts and 8 comforts. Money on hand at beginning of 

year, $24.62; regular donations. $63.13; received for quilting. $18.25; 
quilt sold. $3.50; total. $114.50. Expenditures, for poor at home, $17.70; 
to 0. F. Helm. $10; homr and foreign missions, $20; to Hastings 
Street Mission, Chicago, $10; for materials, $43.82; total, $101.52; bal- 
ance. $12.98. One box. containing 80 garments and 2 comforts was sent 
to Hastings Street Mission; 5 comforts and 30 garments to Orphans' 
Home, Mexico, Ind. Officers: Sister Anna Coblentz, President; Sister 
Laura Rowland, Vice-President; Sister Dora Graft, Treasurer; the 
writer. Secretary.— Mary E, Coblentz, Peru. Ind., Jan. 8. 

PLYMOUTH. IND.— Report of the Sisters' Aid Society from Jan. 1, 
1920, to Dec. 31: Number of all-day sessions, 14. Average attendance, 
12 plus. Our work consisted mainly of piecing and quilting, knotting 
(Afnforts, and making various other articles. During the year we 
gave $10 to the Armenian relief fund; $10 to the District Aid Meeting; 
$25 to the Forward Movement. Besides, other charity work was done. 
We sent one box of clothing to the Mexico, Ind., Orphans' Home, and 
one box to the Douglas Park Mission. Chicago, valued at $50. We arc 
placing one-half of our income into the church building fund, for the 
new church. We had one social day, at which time we had eighty-five 
present, a good program, a bounteous dinner, and a special offering 
of more than $28. Our receipts for the year are $113.34. Carried for- 
ward from last year. $4B.47. Total, $161.81. Our expenditures were 
$76.02. which leaves a balance in the treasury of $85.77. Our work 
has been most pleasant and fruitful during the year. The newly- 
elected officers for the ensuing year are as follows: President, Sister 
Edith Troyer; Vice-President. Sister Susie Hostettlcr; Superintend- 
ent, Sister Rosy Tiukey; Secretary-Treasurer. Sister Julia Mock.— 
A. Laura Applcman, Secretary, Plymouth, Ind., Jan, 7. 

SALEM. OHIO.-Our Aid Society held 15 meetings; total attendance, 
118; average. 8. Donations. $11.09; paid out, $120.39; receipts, $170,24. 
Received from the church for District Meeting dinner, $135; amount 
in treasury, $48.63. We paid $15.7S toward furnishing the church 
rostrum; $10 toward Winona auditorium; $15 to Bethany Bible School; 
Jin to Manchester College; $25 to Chinese famine fund. We made 
quilts, comforts, bonnets, children's clothing and sewed for the poor. 
We remembered the work at Cincinnati, also the people at the 
Brethren Home. Officers: Cora Haber. President; Alma Slough, 
Vice-President; the writer. Secret ary -Treasurer. — Almeda Gilbert, 
Union, Ohio, Jan. 3. 

SANGERVILLE, VA.— Report of Aid Society for 1920: Number of 
meetings held, 12; average attendance, 24. Amount in treasury at 
beginning of year, $6.25; amount received, special offerings, $202.61; 
monthly fees, $46.45;, coverings and goods. $18.37; calendars sold. $14.10; 
birthday fees, $7.98; articles sold, $4.70; donations. $2.67; vanilla, $1.80; 
proceeds of " blessing-box." $2.00; total, $300.68. Paid out. to Forward 
Movement, $160; foreign missions, $45; support of orphan in India, 
$25.12; Harrisonburg hospital, $25; home missions, $10.10; for calen- 
dars, $20.17; material, $14.97; expenses, $4.81; total, $305.17; balance, 
$1.76. Officers: President, Sister Hattie Sanger; Vice-President, Mcda 
Argcnbriglu; Secretary, Sister Anna Caricofe; Assistant, Faith San- 
ger; Treasurer. Effie Mitchcl; Assistant, Anna Miller.— Anna Caricofe, 
Dridgcwater, Va., Jan. 4. 

SOUTH WHITLEY, IND.-Report of Sugar Creek Aid Society for 
1920: Wc held 9 regular meetings, with an average attendance of 8; 
enrollment 15. We served 6 sale dinners. Our work consisted of mak- 
ing 3 quilts, piecing comfort-blocks and knotting several comforts. 
We took in $199.96; expenditures, $90.23; balance. $109.73. We gave 
$36 to foreign missions; $54.23 for home mission work. The former 
officers were reelected, with the exception of superintendent, for 
which Sister Cloc Ott was chosen— Mrs. Julia Arnctt, South Whitley, 
Ind., Jan. 4. 

UDELL. lOWA.-Fairvicw Aid Society held 11 meetings, with an 
average attendance of 6. We quilted 3 quilts, tied 2 comforters, pieced 
4 quilt-tops, made 2 sunshine boxes, 8 prayer-coverings and served 
lunch at one sale; also sold 5 Inglenook Cookbooks. We gave to 
foreign work, $25; to home work, $2.95; to a young minister for books, 
$10; "Messengers" to four families for three months, $1; to Chiua 
famine. $10; total, $81.33. Amount on hand Jan. 1, 1920, $50.14; receipts, 
$52.05; balance, $20.86. Officers: Ola Tarrence. President; Ruth Ogden, 
Vice-President; Jessie Carr, Secretary-Treasurer.— Sadie Whislcr, 
Udell, Iowa, Jan. 8. 

UNIONTOWN, PA.— Report of Aid Society: We received from the 
sale of prayer-coverings, $21.50; for quilting, $78.10; sale of two quilts, 
$10.25. We paid toward janitor service, $10.08; donations, $8.81; for 
charily, $1; towards parsonage, $62; for Near East Relief, $10; for 
rust-remover, $18; total, $107.58; receipts. $2,034.36; balance, $72.16. Of- 
ficers: Amanda Johnson, President; Elizabeth Thomas, Vice-Presi- 
dent; Stella Buffenmyer. Secretary.— Elizabeth Thomas. Uniontown, 
Pa., Jan. 6. 

WAWAKA, IND.-Report of Aid Society for 1920: Wc held 6 all-day 
meetings and 4 half-day meetings, with an average attendance of 12. 
Our work consisted of knotting comforts, piecing blocks, quilting, 
making aprons and sewing carpet-rags. We received for dues, birth- 
day funds, articles sold and work done, $93.48. Money on hand, at 
the beginning of the year, $10.75; total, $104.23. Expenditures' Ma- 
terial. $6.42; mission work, $18; Chinese sufferers, $10; total, $34.47; 
balance, $69,76. Officers: Alice Gale, President; the writer. Secretary. 
Treasurer.— Mrs.-Olive Franks, Brimfield, Ind., Jan. 6. 

WEST MANCHESTER, IND.— During 1920 we held 14 meetings, with 
an average attendance of 11. Receipts for the year: Saks, $202; offer-, $14.98; work, $11.55; donation, $4.03; miscellaneous, $2.12; total. 
$234.68. Expenditures: Sale expense, $71.90; materials, $49.56; needy at 
home, $18.89; two sisters. $20; college hospital chair, $12.20; District 
Secretary, $25.25; Wabash Mission, $25; Conference, $50; Hastings 
Street Mission, Chicago, $10; Chinese famine fund, $15; Marion Mis- 
sion. $10; miscellaneous, $2.47; total, $310.27; balance, $119.92 Two 
shipments of goods were sent to the Orphans' Home, Mexico, Ind., 
and one to Marion, Ind. Organization for 1921: Rosa Cripe, Presi- 
dent; Anna Miller, Vice-President; Anna F. Andree, Superintendent- 
Minnie Brookins, Assistant; Edith Miller, Secretary; Freda Ander- 
son, Assistant.— Edith Miller, North Manchester, Ind Jan 3 

McConahy-Showalter- — By the undc 
bride's parents, near Williamsburg, 
McConahy and Amanda Evalinc Sho< 
don, Pa. 

signed, at the home of the 
lec. 25. 1920. Marion Wesley 
liter.— G. L. Wine. Hunting- 


Marriage notices should be accompanied by 50 cents 

Please note that the fifty cents required for th" publication of a 

narnaije notice may be applied to a three months r " Gospel Mes- 
senger subscription for Ihe newly-married couple. Request should 
jc made when the notice is sent, and full address given. 

BcBch-Mites.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's par- 
ents. Jan. 2. 1921, Brother Willie 0. Beach, Bethel, Mo., and Sister 
Elma May Miles, Cherry Box. Mo.— Conrad Steffcn, Cherry Box, Mo. 

Bollinger-Delk.— By the writer and Bro. Otho Winger, Dec. 25. 1920 
at the home of Brother and Sister Charles Delk, Brother Wilbur 
Bollinger, of Fruitland, Idaho, and Sister Margaret Delk, of North 
Manchester, Ind.— V. F. Schwalm, North Manchester, Ind. 

Boohwalter-BIakcly.-By the undersigned, at the home of the 
groom's parents. Brother and Sister N. C. Bookwalter Versailles 
.Ohio. Dec. 25, 1920. Brother Frank L. Bookwalter and Sister Ona e! 
Dlakcly. both of Versailles, Ohio.— Sylvan Bookwalter New Paris 

Bowman -Cline.— By the undersigned, Nov. 3, 1920, at the home of 
ic bride's parents, Brother and Sister M. J. Cline, Bridgcwatcr, Va 
— and Grace Rebecca Cline.— John S. Flory 

Bridgewater, Va. 

Helaer-Smlth.-By the undersigned, at the home of the groom's 
brother in Lima. Ohio. Dec. 24, 1920, Bro. John C. Helser and Miss 
Ina J. Smith.— O. P. Haines. Lima, Ohio. 

Krau.-Bainei.-By ihe undersigned. Dec. 29. 1920. at the parsonage 
of the Church of the Brethren. Pittsburgh, Pa„ Mr. Henry Kraus and Nellie Baines.-C. Walter Warstler, 1120 Greenfield Avenue, 
Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Merkcy-Kefchner.— By the undersigned, Jan. 1, 1921, at the home of 
the bride's parents. Brother John K. Mcrkey, of Millersburg, Pa., and 
Sister Katie M. Kclchner, of Lebanon, Pa.— Nathan Martin, Lebanon, 

Niswandcr-Smith.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Elder and Mrs. E. J. Smith, La Verne, Calif., Dec. 26, 1920, 
Earl Niswandcr and Bessie Smith.— R. H. Miller, La Verne. Calif. 

Pannebakcr-VnnOrmer.— By the undersigned, at the New Clinton 
Hotel, on Fifth Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa., Mr. Walter E. Pannebakcr 
and Miss Edith VanOrmcr.— C. Walter Warstler, 1120 Greenfield 
Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Reppert-Flora.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents. Brother and Sister Wm. Flora, Dec. 16, 1920. Bro. Vernon V. 
Rcppert and Elsie Flora, both of Stanley, Wis.— J. E. Burkholder, 
Stanley, Wis. 

Stech-Hawbecker.— By the undersigned, at the home of the bride's 
parents, Brother and Sister Jason Hawbccker, of Batavia, 111., Jan. 1, 
1921, Mr. Harlan A. Stech, of West Chicago, and Sister Ruth Haw- 
bccker, of Batavia, 111.— J. S. Flory, Batavia, III. 

Stewart-Fleck.— By the undersigned, Dec. 22, 1920, at his residence, 
Brother Ernest James Stewart and Sister Mary Edna Fleck, both of 
Nam pa, Idaho.— J. L. Thomas, Bowmont, Idaho. 


"Blessed are the dead which die tn the Lord" 

Baird, Friend Harvey, born March 29, 1864, died at his home in 
Stark County. Ohio. Oct. 12, 1920, of cancer. He married Cora Bro- 
vant in 1884. There were three sons and two daughters. He is sur- 
vived by his wife, four children and one grandson. He and his wife 
united with the Disciple Church and were baptized some years ago. 
Services at the East Nimishillen church. Burial in East Nimishillen 
cemetery.— G. W. Lawver, Hartville, Ohio. 

Barnhart, Susannah, born in Roauokc County, Va., died at the home 
of her daughter in the bounds of the Appanoose church, Kans., Dec 
31. 1920, aged 81 years, 11 months and 3 days. She married Daniel 
B. Barnhart in 1859. They were charter members of the Appanoose 
church and helped greatly in building up the work here. For many 
years Bro. Barnhart was elder of the congregation and his wife 
was his faithful helper. She leaves her husband, six children, thirty- 
three grandchildren and thirteen great-grandchildren. Services in the 
Appanoose church by Eld. I. L. Hoover and Eld. C. W. Shoemaker.— 
Cordelia B. Beckner, Overbrook. Kans. 

Bowser, Harriet G., born in Preble County. Ohio, Jan. 27. 1866, died 
at Miami Valley Hospital, Oct. 15, 1920, following an operation for 
gall-stone. She was the daughter of Lewis and Sarah Heck. In 1886 
she married Isaac Bowser. There were three sons and three daugh- 
ter?. She united with the Church of the Brethren in 1883, to which 
she remained faithful. She was always interested in the activities of 
the church, helping wherever possible. She leaves her husband, one 
son, three daughters, four grandchildren and one brother. Services 
at the Sugar Hill church by Elders J. W. Fidlcr and J. Franklin 
Hrubaker. Burial in Sugar Hill cemetery.— Mary Bowser, West Alex- 
andria, Ohio. 

Cripe, Sister Catherine Long, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Long, 
died Dec. 24, 1920, of erysipelas, aged 74 years. She leaves three sons. 
Services from the Church of the Brethren by Eld" Irvin Fisher. Burial 
in the Metzger cemetery.— Ruth Dailey, Peru, Ind. 

Cripe, Bro. Aaron, died Jan. 1, 1921, of erysipelas, aged 74 years. 
He was a faithful deacon in the church for many years. His wife 
preceded him eight days ago. He was a respected citizen and a good 
church worker. He is survived by three sons, two brothers and two 
sisters. Services at the Church of the Brethren by Eld. Irvin Fisher. 
Burial in the Metzger cemetery.— Ruth Dailey, Peru, Tnd. 

Cunningham, Mary A. (Bright), died Oct. 16. 1920, aged 29 years and 
10 months. She was the daughter of Eld. John Calvin and Elizabeth 
Bright. In 1914 she married Wm. H. Cunningham. There were three 
sons. She was always faithful in church attendance and Sunday- 
school when her health permitted. She leaves her husband, three 
sons, three brothers, two sisters and a stepmother. Services by Eld. 
.1. W. Fidler.-Mary Bowser. West Alexandria, Ohio. 

English, John, eldest son of Jos. F. and Edna Hopper English, born 
in Licking County, Ohio, died in Miami County, Jan. 2, 1921, aged 
84 years, 8 months and 18 days. In 1863 he married Sarah E. Fair. 
There were seven children, two of whom preceded him. Besides the 
children he leaves one brother, two sisters, fourteen grandchildren"" 
and twelve great-grandchildren. Over forty years ago he united with 
the Church of the Brethren and lived a faithful Christian life. Serv- 
ices by Eld. Frank Fisher.— Effie E. Kcyes, Mexico, Ind. 

Graymirc, Jesse Allen, son of John and Nettie Graymire, born in 
Shelby County, Ohio, died near Lima, Ohio, Dec. 26. 1920, aged 35 
years, 9 months and 11 days. He married Cleda Mary Richard in 1909 
He united with the Church ol the Brethren in 1911. He suffered in- 
tensely for many months, but was very patient and resigned in it all. 
Services in the Sugar Creek church by the writer. Interment in the 
Salem cemetery.— O. P. Haines, Lima, Ohio. 

Harter, Bro. James Monroe, born in Darke County, Ohio, died of 
heart trouble in his home at Liberal, Kans., Jan. 4, 1921, aged 78 
years, 5 months and 17 days. He served four years in the Union forces 
in the Civil War. He married Jane Maxwell in 1867. There were 
seven children. Bro. Harter united with the Church of the Brethren 
twenty-three years ago and was a consistent Christian throughout 
life. His wife, a daughter and two sons survive. Services from the 
home by the writer. Interment in the Liberal cemetery.— J. S. Sherfy, 
Bloom, Kans, 

Hollinger, Bro. A. K., son of the late Mr. and Mrs. Samuel Hol- 
linger, born in Ccnterville, Pa., died at Harrisburg. Dec. 14, 1920, of 
[ineumonia. He married Sister Katie Hcagy in 1880. Two years later 
lie became identified with the Church of the Brethren and in 1884 
was ordained to the ministry. He is survived by his three sons. 
lour daughters, three brothers, one sister and fourteen grandsons. 
Services by Bro. A. L. B. Martin, assisted by the Rev. A. R. Ayres, 
Eld. Wm. K. Conner and the Rev. Mr. Beakley. Burial in the Pax- 
tang cemetery.— Sallie E. Schaffncr, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Hull, Mary Jane, daughter of James and Eleanor Campbell, born 
in Baltimore County, Md., died at the home of Edward Fent, near 
PUltsburg, Dec. 7, 1920, aged 72 years, 11 months and 6 days. In 
1867 she married Andrew A. Hull. There were three sons and two 
daughters. The oldest daughter preceded her mother. The family 
moved to Jeffcrsonville, Ohio, in 1876, where Mrs. Hull has resided 
of recent years. She united with the Brethren church in 1882 and has 
lived a consistent Christian life.— Mrs. Edw. Fent, Plattsburg, Ohio. 

James, Sister Lucy Anne, of Franklin County, Va., died at the home 
of her son, R. T. James, Roanoke, Va.. Dec. 19, 1920, aged 76 years. 
She was a faithful member of the Church of the Brethren for many 
years. Her husband preceded her nineteen years ago. She leaves 
four daughters, three sons, three sisters and one brother. Services 
.U the Christian church, Boone Mill, Va.. by Eld. D. A. Naff assisted 
by the writer. Interment near Boone Milt.— J. Allen Flora, Roanoke. 

Maxcy, Mrs. Martha Ann Goode, horn in Henry County, Va., died 
Nov. 15, 1920. aged 89 years and 3 months. She married Levi Maxcy 
in 1847. Her husband died in 1897. leaving his wife and ten children, 
six of whom are still living. She also leaves thirty-eight grand- 
children, seventy-five great-grandchildren and ten great-great-grand- 
children. Mrs. Maxcy united with the Brethren Church when about 
twenty-three years of age. She came to Nebraska about twenty-five 
years ago and has lived with her children in this vicinity ever since. 
Services at Peru by Bro. J. C. Woodie. assisted by Rev. E. D. 
Hagcman, of the Christian church. Interment in Mt. Vernon ceme- 
tery.-John C. Woodie, Peru, Ind. , 

THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


Ocbeltree, Francis Brown, born Oel. 26, 1353, died of heart failure, 
Dec. 9. 1920. In 1B76 be married Lcannali Wine, who preceded him 
*ix months ago. There were three sons ami six daughters. In 1906 
he united with the Church of the Brethren. Five daughters survive. 
Services at Lebanon by Eld. S. D. Miller, assisted by Bro. A. C. 
Interment at Lebanon.— Lila . B. Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va. 

, born in Cambria County, Pa., died 

ths and 12 days. She married John 

were two sons and five daughters. The 

daughters preceded her. She leaves one 

son, twenty-five grandchildren and i 


OvcrholsiT. Christens Suit! 
Jan. 4, 1921, aged 76 years. 1 
OverhoUer in 1S63. There \ 
sister, th 

great-grandchildren. In 1863 she became a member of the 
Church of the Brethren and remained faithful until death, serving 
for about thirty-three years with her husband in the deacon's office. 
Services by Eld. Daniel Mctzlcr, assisted by Eld. D. H. Anglemyer 
in the Yellow Creek Mcnnonite church. Interment in the cemetery 
near by. — V- E. Miller, Nappanec, Ind. 

Peterson, Helen Moore, of Detiair, Calif., died of tuberculosis, Dec. 
30, 1920, at the sanitarium, Ahwahncc, Calif., aged 23 years, 8 months 

son and two daughter; 

for many years. Servi 

Turlock cemetery.— Mrs 

Rlngler, Galcntinc, B., 

:d Lei 


irson in 1916. There 
Site was a member of the Baptist church 
s by the Rev. Z. Stubbs. Interment ii 
J. B. Winter, Empire, Calif. 

: one 


i Somerset County, Pa., died in Middle- 
bury, Ind., at the home of his daughter, Dec. 7, 1920, aged 71 years, 9 
months and 3 days. He married Polly Miller in 1872. There were 
nine children, eight of whom with thirty-one grandchildren and five 
great-grandchildren survive. Services at the Amish Mennonite 
church, Middlcbury, by the writer.— J. H. Pike, Middlebury, Ind. 

Ronk, Ceo. M-, died at DesMoines, Iowa, Dec. 23, 1920, aged 54 years 
and 22 days. He leaves his father, two brothers and one sister. His 
mother preceded him fifteen years ago. Bro. Ronk united with the 
Church of the Brethren about twenty years ago, and lived a faithful 
and consistent Christian life'. Services Jiy the writer.— N. E. Baker, 
Des Moines. Iowa. 

Saylor, Sister Elizabeth, born near Meyers dale. Pa., died Dec. 14, 
1920, at the home of her son, aged 78 years, 4 months and 12 days. 
Sister Saylor identified herself with the church early in life and lived 
a consistent life. Forty years ago she, became an invalid, being con- 
fined to a wheel-chair all those years, but was al\vays patient and 
happy. Her companion died six years ago. She was the mother of 
nine children, six of whom preceded her to the grave. Three children 
and one brother survive. Services in the home by the pastor, Bro. T. 
Rodney Coffman. Text. Psa. 116: 15.— T. Rodney Coffman, Meyers- 
dale, Pa. 

Shepler, John J., son of Joseph and Mary Shcplcr.. born in Miami 
County, Ind., died of neuralgia of the heart, Dec. 25, 1920, aged 56 
years, 5 months and 1 day. He married Anna Wissinger in 1884. 
There were nine children. He leaves his wife, five sons and two 
daughters. Services at the Church of the Brethren by Eld. Irvin 
Fisher. Burial in the Mctzger cemetery.— Ruth Dailey, Peru, Ind. 

Shuman, John A., sou of John and Mary Shuman, was born in 
Pennsylvania. When about five years of age, he came with his par- 
ents to Ohio, settling near Columbus. A few years later he came to 
Pleasant Hill, where he spent most of his life. He was the third of 
a family of eleven children, four of whom survive. Dec. 24, 1879, he 
married Lucinda Walker, who preceded him last May. To this union 
were born two children. Dec. 28, after an illness if about an hour, 
he passed beyond at the age of 68 years, 4 months and 23 days. In 
1889 he, with his companion, united with the Church of the Brethren 
and was ever loyal to his church and bis Christ. Besides two chil- 
dren he leaves four brothers, four grandchildren and a number of 
nephews and nieces. Services at the home by the undersigned. In- 
terment in .the Pleasant Hill cemetery.— John A. Robinson, Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio. 

Smith, Sister Sallic Greer, wife of Samuel Smith, died Dec. 26, 

1920, of pneumonia, aged 63 years. She leaves her husband, two 
stepchildren, one sister and three brothers. Services at the Mexico 
church by Bro". "Fisher. Burial in the Mexico cemetery.— Ruth Dailey, 
Pe ( u, Ind. 

Stahl, Sister Maria, born in Westmoreland County, Pa., died Jan. 1, 

1921, aged 94 years, 8 months, and 24 days. She died at the home of 
her son, Bro. Amos W. Stahl, who preceded Iter about one week ago. 
She is survived by three sous and three daughters. She was a life- 
long member of the Church of the Brethren. Services at the Mt. Joy 
church by the pastor.— Robert T. Hull, Mt. Pleasant, Pa. 

Stauffer, Bro. James E., born at Garrison, Iowa, died at his home, 
Kalispell, Mont., Dec. 23, 1920, of acute diabetes, age"d 29 years and 8 
months. He was the youngest son of Bro. E. H. and Sister C. M. 
Stauffer. In 1915 he married Sister Frances Moore. At the age of 
twenty, he was baptized and lived a faithful Christian life, always 
ready to stand for the principles in which he believed. He leaves his 
wife, father, two brothers and two sisters. Services by Eld. James 
Harp. Burial in the Conrad Memorial cemetery.— Mrs. C. L. Moore. 
Kalispell, Mont, 

Stichtcr, Sister Emma, daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth Flory, 
born near Pleasant Hill, Ohio, died of meningitis at the same place, 
Dec. 14, 1920, aged 55 years, 7 months and 12 days. She was married 
to Benjamin Franklin Stichtcr, who preceded her in death. To this 
union were born seven children. She leaves three sons and one 
[laughter, her mother, six brothers and eight grandchildren. In 
May, 1885, she united with the Church of the Brethren and has always 
lived a quiet, consistent life. She very much enjoyed her church 
relationship and was always faithful in her church attendance. Short 
services were held at the grave by the undersigned. — John A. Rob- 
inson, Pleasant Hill, Ohio. 

Symenima, Sister Myrtle Fay, born near Milford, Ind., March 5, 
1895, died at the home of Charles Symensma, near New Parjs, Ind. 
She married Bro. Guy Symensma in 1914. She is survived by her bus- 
band, three sisters, a father and stepmother. She united with the 
Church of the Brethren when quite young and remained faithful. 
Services by the writer at the New Salem church near Milford.— J. H. 
Fike, Middlebury, Ind. 

Wine, Sister Rebecca A., nee Beam, died near Mt. Sidney, Va., of 
a complication of diseases Dec. 14, 1920. aged 63 years, 5 months and 
16 days. In 1874 she married John C. Wine, who preceded her ten 
years ago. There were four sons and one daughter, all of whom 
survive, with one brother and one sister. She united with the Church 
of the Brethren in 1872, in which faith she died. Services at Lebanon 
by Bro. A. C. Miller. Interment in the adjoining cemetery.— Lila B, 
Wine, Mt. Sidney, Va. * 

Witt, Bro. James Evans, born in Somerset County, Pa., in 1870, died 
at 443 Franklin Street. Johnstown, Pa., Dec. 22, 1920, aged 50 years. 
Bro. Witt was a great sufferer for several years. He united with 
the Church of the Brethren about seven years ago. He is survived 
by his widow, two sous and three daughters, a father, seamen brothers 
and two sisters. Services by the pastor. Bro. E. M. Detwiler. Burial 
in Berkley cemetery.— Jerome E. Blough. Johnstown, Pa, 

Whitehead, John W., son of Lewis and Rebecca (Wagner) White- 
head, born in Montgomery County. Ohio, died, at the home of bis 
daughter, near Milford, Ind., Dec. 8, 1920, at the age of 81 years, 4 
months and 10 days. When three years of age, he, with his parents, 
moved to Elkhart County, Ind., where he grew to manhood. He was 
united in marriage to Catherine Brumbaugh Jan. 16, 1862. and with 
bis wife united with the Church of the Brethren in 1869. Later he 
was elected to the, office of deacon, in which office he served faith- 
fully. He loved the church and always proved a faithful member. He 
leaves his faithful wife, two children, five grandchildren, two brothers 
and three sisters. Services at the Gravclton church, conducted by 
Elders Daniel and Henry Wysong.-Ncal Whitehead, Elgin, HI. 

Wood, Anna Catharine, born in Peru. 111., died in her home, near 
Chino, Calif., Jan. 3, 1921. She was married to Roger W. Wood in 
1874, to which union five daughters and two sons were born. Four 
daughters preceded her. She united with the Lutheran church when 
but a girl, but later identified herself with the Brethren church at 
Pomona, where she lived a consistent Christian life. Services in 
Pomona. Interment in the Pomona cemetery.— Jacob Funk, Pomona, 


$9.95 Value for $4.95 

In this list will be found books on which we wish to cut down our stock before 
our inventory on March 1. Every book is worth owning and at our special price is 
a genuine bargain. 

PEACE, THE, ...75c 
Daniel Hays and S. 
F. Sanger, Associate 

Tliis volume was pre- 
pared some years ago 
at the special request 
of Conference, and at 
the expense of mucli 
time and money. It is 
an authoritative state- 
ment of our principles. 
It contains also a 
wealth of information 
about many who suf- 
fered for conscience's 

THE CHANGED LIFE. Publisher's Price, . ,..3Sc 
Henry Drummond. 

A book in which the method — the "how" — of the 
change in a Christian's life is clearly defined and 
eloquently expressed. Based on 2 Cor. 3 : 18 it shows 
the transforming power of Christ in the life of a 

S. N. McCann. 

You will find the heart of Christ's message in the 
Sermon on the Mount. You will find the heart of 
this great proclamation* in the opening verses — the 
Beatitudes. This is why the Beatitudes are worthy 
of the closest study under the guidance of one who 
lias made their deeper meaning his life quest. 
Twelve carefully selected illustrations help to en- 
rich the author's sympathetic study of the opening 
verses of the Sermon on the Mount. 

Judge Marcus A. Kavanagh. 

A judge just naturally looks over and sifts the 
evidence in the case. This Judge Marcus A. Kava- 
nagh has done. He has been convinced of the fal- 
lacy of the idea of chance — there is proof of design 
m creation. A brief and fascinating treatise. 

John T. Dale. 

A store-house of illustrative material, anecdotes 
and sound philosophy. The book will stimulate 
young folks to honest endeavor and give encour- 
"agement to the middle-aged. It contains just one 
hundred concise chapters on such subjects as En- 
thusiasm, The Choice of Companions, Self Reliance, 

John T. Dale. 

Experience is the best teacher, and one can well 
afford to profit by it when it comes from the lives 
of other people. Real life is the basis of the thirty- 
eight helpful chapters of this volume, and because 
this is true the book will save its readers the pain 
of a good many mistakes. 


Olive A. Smith. 



Florence NefF. 

Elder James M. 
Nefr's itinerant minis- 
try and his long, brave 
search for health won 
for him the interest 
and sympathy of the 
whole Brotherhood. As 
the title indicates, this 
substantial volume of 
over 300 pages contains 
the story of Bro. Neff's 
life and the most im- 
portant of his articles 
and letters. 

Artistic Cloth, $150 

At the Bicentennial Conference in 1908 two cen- 
turies of church activity and progress were cele- 
brated. Twenty-four addresses covering practically 
the whole field of church history were delivered. 
These were later collected and printed in a hand- 
some volume entitled: Two Centuries of the Church 
of the Brethren, The book is a work of great his- 
torical importance. It is embellished with twenty- 
five full-page photogravure portraits of the speak- 
ers at the Bicentennial Conference. 


WAR. Publisher's Price, $2.00 

Compiled and published by the Commission on 

Christian Education of the Federal Council of the 

Churches of Christ in America. 

These quotations, gathered, as they were, before 
the heat of passion and prejudice was engendered 
by the great war, weigh dispassionately the evil of 
war, tracing to the sources the causes of war, and 
giving the suggestions of the brightest minds on 
the way of avoiding war. A great help to our min- 
isters in defending the time-honored principle of 
our church. 

CHRISTIAN FAITH. Publisher's Price, 50c 

H. C. King. 

In this book the President of Oberlin College has 
tried to show as clearly and as simply as possible 
the great truths of the Christian faith. Some of the 
chapter headings are: 

The Significance of Jesus Christ. 

God Manifest in Christ. 

The Christian Life as a Friendship. 

The Fundamental Temptations. 

Two hundred pages bound in art boards. 


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tributions appear regularly in 
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Elgin, Illinois 

Knclosed find $ for the books as checked below. 

D Two Centuries of the Church of the Brethren. 

D Sunflower Stories. 

D Selected Quotations on Peace and War. 

D Olive Branch of Peace. 

D Proof of Design in Creation. 

O The Greatness and Simplicity of the Christian Faith. 

O Finger Posts on Life's Highway. 

D Biography and Writings of James M. Neff. 

D The Changed Life. 

D Flashlights from Real Life. 

D The Beatitudes. 


St. or R. F. D 

City State 

The price of all these books is $9.95. Our special price on thS entire lot is $4.95 postpaid. 
Your selection of any four books at a discount of 'A from the regular price. Send all orders to 


— . 


THE GOSPEL MESSENGER— January 22, 1921 


Oilii inl Organ of the Church of Iho Brethren 
Published weekly by Brethren Publishing House, R. E. Am. .1.1. Gen- 
eral Manager, Ifr to 24 S. Slate St., Elgin, III,, at $2.00 j-.r annum, in 
advance. (Canada subscription j(ty cents extra,) 

Entered at the Postoffice nt Elgin, 111., ns Second-class Mutter. 
Acceptance for mailing nt special rate of postage provided for in 
Beetion 1103, Act of October 3, 1017, uulhori/Ad August 21), WIS 

Notes From Our Correspondents 

(Con tin 

: 61) 

Moxham church met in council Dec. IS, with Bro. D. P. Hoover, our 
pastor and elder, presiding. Officers were elected lor 1921. We are 
trying to help the suffering in Armenia and China, also doing good 
work here in our home church. Recently nineteen have been added 
to our number by letter.— Mrs. M. S. Rciman. Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 5. 
Mt. Joy church met in council Dec. 18. with Eld. R. T. Hull presid- 
ing. We closed up all business for 1920 and the church officers for 
the coming year were elected. We also reorganized our Sunday- 
school, Dec. 19. with Bro. C. M. Metz, superintendent. Dec. 26 we 
had our Christmas program. The Sunday-school offering (or that day 
amounted to $40. All church activities have prospered during the 
year.— Jcrusha E. Myers, Ml. Pleasant, Pa., Jan. 8. 

Philadelphia (First Church).— We are in the midst of preparatory 
services for our coming revival and evangelistic meetings, which be- 
gin Jan. 9. We arc holding union ornycr services each evening ex- 
cept Saturday. Jan. 9 will be church members' night and we arc en- 
deavoring to reach each member either by letter, phone or personally. 
The four churches in our city and Wilmington. Md., held an Adult 
Rally at our church Dec. 11. The Sunday-school room was crowded. 
Bro. Brougher, our District Superintendent, of the Adult Division, 
had charge of the meeting. Special music was well rendered by the 
Ueigcr Memorial church. Mr. Paisley, president of the Philadelphia 
Sunday-school Association, gave a very forceful and inspiring ad- 
dress. One of the things he said was that every official of the church 
should be in the Sunday-school.— Mrs. Wm. H. B. Schnell. Phila- 
delphia. Pa., Jan. 3. 

Pittsburgh.— Dec. 22 we held our Christmas program, which was 
well attended. We enjoyed some splendid music and the program 
was very interesting throughout. Our Christian Workers' Society has 
been rendering some interesting and helpful programs. It haB recently 
been organized and the prospects look encouraging for the rapid 
growth of the society. A very impressive installation service was 
conducted by our pastor. Bro. C Walter Warstler, Jan. 2. Many 
workers, who have been called to service in the Sunday-school and 
church, responded.— Helen McWilliams. Pittsburgh. Pa., Jan. 10. 

Pleasant Hill.— Our Christmas program was given Dec. 25, and a 
large crowd enjoyed it. We lifted an offering of §50 for the famine 
sufferers of China. Jan. 2 installation services were conducted by 
Eld. Jas. F. Ream. At the close, seven teacher- training graduates 
were presented diplomas.— Cora Harrison, Johnstown, Pa., Jan. 11. 
Somerset church met in council Jan. 3, with Bra. Hesse presiding. 
Officers of the church were elected, with Bro. J. H. Cassadj*elder for 
the coming year; Wm. P. Speichcr, Sunday-school superintendent. 
During the mouth of December we gave both a missionary and Christ- 
mas program. It was decided to begin our new churcHhouse April 1. 
Dec. 9 we had our installation service, when Bro. Hesse gave a very 
inspiring sermon to the officers and teachers of the Sunday-school. — 
Mrs. E. D. Walker, Somerset, Pa., Jan. 10. 

West Concstoca church met in council Jan, J. Sunday-school of- 
ficers were elected, with Harvey B. Markley, superintendent. It 
was decided to continue our school during the winter. Delegates to 
District Meeting arc W. M. Zoolc, Harvey B. Markley and Aaron 
Holier. The same will serve as delegates to Annual Meeting. Our 
love feast is to be held May 2j and 24.— Jacob M. Bollinger, Lititz, 
Pa., Jan. S. 

Williamsburg church met in business session 'Jan. 6 to hear reports 
from the different officers, and to plan for the coming year. Our 
Sunday-school lifted a Thanksgiving offering of §32.22 in behalf of 
starving China. After the Christinas exercises, rendered by the 
children, an offering of §S5.25 was lifted for the Near East. Jan. 23 
the Truth Seekers' Bible Class will render a program on China, in 
which they have pledged themselves lor the sum of $50 for the 
Chinese sufferers. Our church and Sunday-school have started in 
the new year with splendid prospects —Mrs. W. H. Holsingcr, Wil- 
liamsburg, Pa., Jan. 10. 


Antioch.— Bro. C A. Flora preached for us Christmas Day. The 
offering amounted to $106 and was sent to the Chinese relief fund. 
Bro. C. S. Jkenberry, oi baleville College, Va., held a week-end 
Bible School with us Jan. 1. We had two services on Saturday and 
an all-day meeting on Sunday. The lectures were both interesting 
and instructive. Bro. Ernest ikenberry, oi Kansas, conducted the 
=ong service. His help in this way was highly appreciated and added 
much to the occasion. An offering of $61 was taken.— Orpha L. 
Flora. Boone Mill, Va., Jan. 10. 

Bethlehem.— At our Christmas services an offering of $103 was taken 
for China's starving; at Cedar Bluff, $70; at Blackwater Chapel, $34.54. 
This, with our Thanksgiving offering, makes a total of $343.36 for that 
purpose. Our offerings' last year, for missionary and benevolent 
purposes and church expenses, amounted to $3,30U— Macy A. Bow- 
man, Callaway, Va., Jan. 9. 

Brick.— On Christmas Day an attentive audience listened to the oft 
tuld. yet ever new story oi the Christ child. On the Sunday-lollowing, 
Bro. Henry Ikenberry preached an excellent sermon. On New Year's 
Day a number of members convened in council. Bro. J. W. Barnhart 
conducted opening exercises, giving a short, appropriate address on 
the subject, "Go Work in ily Vineyard." Bro. H. W. Peters served 
as moderator. We decided to use the envelope system in collecting 
money tor church expenses. Bro. T. W. Fisher has been reelected 
Sunday-school superintendent. Jan. 2 Piedmont church responded 
to China's call with an offering oi $25; Nineveh church gave $27. This 
makes the amount for our congregation $317.— Edith E. Peters, Wirtz, 
Va.. Jan. 1. 

Greenmount church met in council Dec. 1. with Eld. J. Wampler 
presiding. Brethren P. S. Thomas and I. W. Miller were with us 
Six letters were granted. Bro. J. W. Myers was chosen director of 
the Forward Movement; Bro. D. C. Myers, Christian Workers' presi- 
dent. At a former meeting Bro. Galen Wampler was called to the 
ministry and Bro. Virgil Miller and wife to the deacon's office. At 
this time they were installed into office.— Annie Miller, Harrisonburg. 
Va.. Jan. 10, 

Peters Creek (Oak Grove House).— Bro. Levi Garst. of Salem. 
Va.. began a aeries of meetings Oct. 31 and closed Nov. 16 His 
sermons were strong and convincing. The meetings grew in in- 
terest from the beginning. Two confessed Christ and were bap- 
tized. The membership was greatly strengthened and encouraged — 
C. E. Eller, Salem, Va., Jan. 11. 

Selma.— Recently Sister Mary Martin, of Mt. Arrat, Md., held a 
series of meetings in this place. Several reconsecrated themselves 
and one confessed Christ. Sister Martin's absolute consecration, 
laitn, splendid sermons and untiring efforts arc living among us yet. 
Dec. 24 a Christmas program was rendered. An appeal was made by 
Sister Gladys Sutphin for suffering China, and an offering of $56 08 
was bfted. Jan. 1 Brethren C. D. Hylton and*. C. Naff came to us 
to assist in reorganizing for the year. Sunday morning Bro. Naff 
P Z**\i? d a VeT ' convincin 8 sermon on "Jesus Christ the Hope of 
the World. One young man accepted Christ. Brethren Naff and 
Hylton visited many members during the day. In the evening the 
church met in council. The following officers were elected- Elder 
C. D. Hylton; clerk, Bro. James Warlitner; "Messenger" agent! 
Sister J. K. Hill; correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school superin- 

tendent, Bro. D. L. Carter; Christian Workers' president, Sister 
Bculah Deeds.— Ada Kathryn Carter, Selma, Va., Jan. 8. 

Stonewall church met in a Thanksgiving service Nov. 25. An offering 
ol $11.53 was raised lor the suffering oi China. We met again Dec. 4 
in council, with Bro. Willie Vest presiding. The election of the 
church officers was postponed until a larger representation of the 
church is present. Bro. Morris Vest was installed into the deacon's 
office. Bro. W. E. Lackey, of Patrick, came to Stonewall Dec. 12 and 
remained until the 26th, preaching in all fifteen sermons, which were 
very inspiring. There were no conversions, but we hope some good 
may result in the near iuture.— Ella Vest, Floyd. Va., Jan. 6. 

Topeco church met in council Jan. 1, with Bro. A. N. Hylton pre- 
siding. We elected officers tor the year: Bro. J. W. Weddle, Sunday- 
school sutjtrintendent; Sister Maggie Hylton, clerk; Sister Ina Sut- 
phin, " Messenger " agent; the writer, correspondent. A collection 
of $19.25 was taken for the remainder due on the Rock Hill church- 
house. On Sunday following we had an interesting Sunday-school 
and an inspiring sermon preached by Bro. W. L. Jennings. Our 
school rendered a program on Christmas Day. On Thanksgiving an 
offering of $42.39 was given by the church and Sunday-school to the 
Chinese sufferers.— Hattie M. Alderman. Floyd, Va., Jan. A. 

Troutville.— Our church met in council Jan. 8, with Bro. C. D. Hyl- 
ton as moderator. Our pastor, Bro. W. M. Kahle. gave us a fifteen- 
minute talk on Church Doctrines, which was enjoyed very much by 
all. Two letters were received. We decided to have a series of meet- 
ings some time in the near future at the Troutville church. Brethren 
I-I. B. Camper and A. R. Brilhcart were installed into the deacon's 
office. Bro. C. D. Hylton has sold his home and decided to locate 
in the Roanoke congregation. We regret very much to lose Bro. 
Hylton as he has been one of our active elders and ministers.— Mrs. 
Florence M. Firestone, Troutville, Va., Jan. 9. 


Forest Center church met in council Dec. 18. with Eld. W. H. Tig- 
ucr presiding. Two letters were received. Officers were elected, with 
Bro. Tigner, elder; Bro. Ernest R. Tigner, Sunday-school superin- 
tendent; Bro^Orval Snider, clerk. During the past year the Sunday- 
school has given $227.74 lor Armenian Relief work and $15 to the 
General Sunday School Board. The chmrch and Sunday-school gave 
$35.25 for Chinese famine relief. We also sent several sacks of pro- 
visions to the Children's Home in Spokane at holiday time— Nora 
A. Willey, Valley, Wash., Jan. 10. 

Olyropia church met in council Jan. 6. Three letters were received 
and five have been granted since the last report. Eld. E. L. Whisler 
presided. Officers were elected as follows: Elder, Bro. B. J. Fike; 
clerk. Bro. Ira Wogoman; Sunday-school superintendent, Bro. Silas 
Shumate; " Messenger " agent, Bro. John Secrist; correspondent, Mrs. 
Mary Yearout; general superintendent of Christian Workers' Society, 
Bro. »Harve Prine. We have three departments of the Christian 
Workers: Junior, Young People and Adult.— Mrs. Mary Yearout, 
Olympia, Wash., Jan. 7. 

Seattle.— Dec. 20 our church met in council, with Bro. Long in 
charge. The following officers were elected: Bro. M. Alva Long, 
elder and pastor for the coming year; Bro. Petersen, superintendent 
Of the Sunday-school; Bro. Sloniger, president of Christian Workers. 
Our Christmas program was well* delivered, and the offering of $3 
will be sent to the Chinese sufferers. Our prayer meetings are 
well attended and much interest is manifested. The Bercan Bible 
Class has started a devotional meeting, to be held each Tuesday 
evening in some home. The purpose of this meeting is to develop 
the spiritual and prayer life of the members. Our Ladies' Aid is 
getting ready for a bazar to be held in the near future.— Mrs. Cora 
Long, Seattle. Wash., Jan. 5. 

Sunnyside Sunday-school gave a Christmas program Dec. 26 to 
a well-filled house. The program consisted of recitations, songs and 
several exercises given by the children. The chorus, under the direc- 
tion of Sister C. T. Myer, gave several splendid selections. An offer- 
ing was taken for the Near East Reliei. We held a New Year Watch 
Meeting, with devotional exercises, for about one-half hour. Bro. S. 
H. Miller gave a talk on " How the New Year Looks to an Old 

Man." Talks were given by representatives of the adult classes and 
by our Sunday-school superintendent. New Year resolutions were 
made. Most of the talks and music were impromptu. The closiog 
talk and prayer were made by our pastor. Light refreshments were 
served at midnight.— Mrs. M. E. Oswalt, Sunnyside, Wash., Jan. 3. 

Tacoma church met in council Dec. 26, with Eld. E. S. Gregory 
presiding. One letter was received. Officers were elected as fol- 
lows: Bro. E. S. Gregory, elder; Sister Nora Musser, church clerk 
and "Messenger" agent; Sister Sarah Telling, correspondent; Bro. 
L. A. Thomas, trustee; Sister Nora Musser. Sunday-school superin- 
tendent. Bro. Edw. Ruff, wife and daughter are with us for the 
winter. A brother and his family have just recently moved into our 
District. We are hoping that others will move in for their help 
would be appreciated.— Mrs. A. E. Musser, Tacoma, Wash., Jan. 5. 

Wenatcheo church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. E. L. Whisler 
presiding. Three letters were granted and one member was received 
by letter. The church decided to retain the original name, Wenatchee, 
instead of " Sunnyslopc." Five hundred and one dollars was raised 
by offering, for expenses. It was decided that the trustees make up a 
budget of the estimated expenses for 1921 and solicitors were appoint- 
ed to solicit accordingly. Eld. Whisler gave us a splendid discourse 
that evening on " Man's Standing with God." Bro. Murray, of Che- 
lan, our assistant elder for the coming year, being with us for 
council, remained over Sunday and preached morning and evening. 
Wc had a splendid beginning for the new year, in attendance as well 
as interest in church, Sunday-school and Christian Workers' Society. 
—Bculah Steele, Wenatchee, Wash., Jan. 6. 


Bethel church met on Christmas Day for a short program, which 
was rendered by the boys and girls. Brethren C. E. Judy and I. W. 
Sites also added to tiic program by their helpful talks. We reor- 
ganized our Sunday-school by electing the writer as superintendent 
and " Messenger " correspondent. We hope to have a better school 
this year.— Gracie A. Shreve, Landes, W. Va., Jan. 5. 

Eglon congregation enjoyed her iourtecnth Annual Bible Institute 
Dec. 25 to Jan. 2. Dec. 24 the juniors gave a Christmas program. 
Sisters Allie Leatherman and Allie Fike were directors. Saturday 
morning we began the Bible Study with Prof. H. H. Nye, of Elizabeth- 
town, instructor, his period in the forenoon being, " Studies in 
Ephesians," and "The Epistles oi Peter," by Eld. Emra T. Fike. 
In the afternoon, " Studies in Christian Living," by Bro. Nye, and 
" The Galatiana' Letter," by Bro. D. B. Spaide. Talks, recitations, 
essays and Bible biographies were given each day by some of the 
young brethren and sisters. Jan. 2 was a day for special talks and 
prayer for missions in the home congregation and abroad. A mis- 
sionary sermon was delivered in the afternoon by Prof. Nye, which 
was much appreciated. There was a sermon each evening by Bro. 
Nye, with a lesson that should be lived and practiced in the life of 
every individual Saturday the Sunday-school teachers and officers 
were installed ior the coming year. Bro. D. B. Garber, who was 
here in the interest of Bridgewater College, preached a good sermon, 
Sunday night, on the subject, " The Old-Fashioned Home."— Goldie 
Judy, Eglon, W. Va., Jan. 3. 

Petersburg.— Report of Brake Sunday-school for 1920: The school 
was in session all year, with a good attendance. The amount of 
money raised for the Near East Relief was $14; for Chinese famine, 
$21; benevolent fund, $3.3S. making a total oi $38.35. The school was 
reorganized, with Bro. Thomas Cox, superintendent.— Allen L. Berg- 
doll, Petersburg, W. Va.. Jan. 11. 

Salem church met in council Jan. 1, with Eld. Jeremiah Thomas 
presiding. Two certificates were granted. Church officers were 
elected as follows: Clerk, J. M. Thomas; treasurer and "Messenger" 
agent, Jeremiah Thomas; correspondent, the writer; Sunday-school 
superintendent, Bro. Geo. B. Seesc. Various committees were ap- 
pointed, including Missionary, Child Rescue, Temperance and Purity, 
and Educational. We decided to begin our series of meetings Aug. 6, 
with a love feast Aug. 20. Other meetings will be held at Shady 
Grove and Mountain Grove.— Ida D. Wilson, Brandonville, W. Va., 
Jan. 5. 



Gospel Messenger" 

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Enclosed please find do!lars»for which you may 

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Elgin, Illinois 

The Gospel Messenger 

" This gospel of the Kingdom shall be preached 
in the whole world."— Matt. 24: 14. 

"THY KINGDOM COME "— Mm. 6: io : L«k« 11:2 

"Till w 


e all attain unto ... the stature of the 
s of Christ."— Eph. 4; 14. 

Vol. 70 

Elgin, 111., January 29, 1921 

No. 5 

In This Number 

Editorial — 

The Elements of Christian Love (D. L. M.) 65 

Among the Churches ?2 

Around the World, 73 

The Quiet Hour 74 

The Forward Movement Department- 
Developing Our Spiritual Resources (J. K. S.), 69 

Stressing Evangelism (J. R. S.) 69 

Contributors' Forum- 
Tell All Your Troubles to Jesus (Poem). Selected by Anna Lesh, 66 

The Call to Prayer. By Ira W. Weidler 66 

Disarmament. By W. J. Swigart, 66 

Visiting Shou Yang. By J. J. Yoder 67 

What the General Temperance and Purity Committee Is Do- 
ing. By Merlin G. Miller 67 

The Round Table- 
Good for Somcthii 

By Julia Graydon 

The Hogs Didn't Like It. By Jacob H. Hollinger, .. 
Some Good Times to Pray. By Cora A. Anderson, . 
Where Have They Laid the Lord? By Ezra Flory. 
The Next Great Menace. By Oma Karn 


Home and Family — * 

The Lilt of a Laugh (Poem) 71 

Through Love He Chastens. By Edith E. Peters 71 

Under Your Arm. By Leo Lillian Wise, 71 

Uncle Joe 3nd "Announcements." By Nora E. Berkebile, 71 


The Elements of Christian Love 

In 1 Cor. 13 the great epistolary writer of the New 
Testament defines love and gives us its full meaning. 
He plainly points out the elements we will have, in 
our Christian characters, if we have the love of God 
shed abroad in our hearts. A number of years ago 
Dr. Drummond wrote his excellent booklet, " The 
Greatest Thing in the World," on this chapter of 
Paul's writings, and he uses a number of fine illustra- 
tions. Among others, he says that Paul passes the 
word love through the prism of the Holy Ghost, and 
he has given us its seven elements and its full meaning. 

When a school-boy, I paid some attention to the 
study of natural philosophy and I learned that if a 
ray of light is passed into a darkened room and then 
through a three-cornered piece of glass — a prism — it 
will divide the ray into its elemental colors and you 
will have a perfect rainbow on the opposite wall. I 
often tried— and enjoyed the trying — of this experi- 
ment, and had the seven colors of the rainbow on the 
wall before me. As the prism of glass gives the ele- 
mental colors of the ray of light, so the prism of the 
Holy Ghost gives the seven elements of the word love. 
Attention is called to them, for they figure largely in 
making up true Christian character. 

1. Patience. " Love suffereth long and is kind." It 
is easy to be patient when everything goes to our 
liking, but when trials and suffering come, then it is 
hard to take them patiently. This love is patient under 
trials and suffering. This is one of its strong char- 
acteristics. It is easy to be patient with those whom 
we love. " Seeing ye have purified your souls in obey- 
ing the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love 
of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a 
pure heart fervently" (1 Peter 1: 22). Again he 
says: " Honor all men, love the Brotherhood." John 
emphasizes love, saying: "For this is the message 
that ye heard from the beginning, that we should love 
one another. We know that we have passed from 
death unto life, because we love the brethren. He 
that loveth not his brother abideth in death. Whoso- 
ever hateth his brother is a murderer; and ye know 
that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him " 
(1 John 3: 11, 14, IS). 

2. Generosity. " Love envieth not." Envy is the 
root of murder. Joseph's brethren first envied him, 
when he received the coat of many colors, and then 
sought to murder him. In the heart that is full of the 

love of God, envy can not dwell. Love is of God and 
cometh from above. Envy is from beneath, and 
James says that it " is earthly, sensual, devilish. For 
where envying and strife is, there is confusion and 
every evil work" (James 3: 15, 16). In the child of 
God, envy never can find a place in the heart. The 
love of God steels the heart against the incoming of 
this devilish element. 

3. Humility. " Love vaunteth not itself, is not 
puffed up." Love gives the true spirit of humility. 
The word vaunt means to boast. There is an old- 
fashioned word in English that tells the story — 
" bragging." You do not find a bragging, puffed-up, 
proud spirit in love. One may dress as plain as the 
plainest and yet have a puffed-up heart, an exalted 
notion of his own opinion. It takes more than plain 
clothing to make real humility. One may dress plain 
and be so puffed up in the heart that he is the cause 
of trouble, and we may have to bring a committee into 
the church, to prick the bubble of the pride of self- 

4. " Doth not behave itself unseemly." It cuts 
loose from sin and follows righteousness. In a cer- 
tain city a river ran through its center. On one side 
the good people voted out the saloon. On the other, 
whiskey was sold. Five men crossed from the dry to 
the wet side, and filled themselves full of whiskey. 
Late in the night they returned to the boat. Four sat 
at the oars and began pulling, while the fifth took hold 
of the rudder to steer the boat. The oarsmen pulled; 
and pulled their best. After several hours they dis- 
covered they had not untied the rope that held them 
to the shore. The heart full of the love of God will 
cut loose from the world of sin, and will pull out for 
heaven and the eternal home of the soul. And it will 
do nothing unseemly. Dr. Harper, President of the 
Chicago University, said, a short time before his death, 
that the most fruitful source of infidelity is the un- 
seemly conduct of professed Christians, and he never 
uttered a greater truth. 

5. Unselfishness. " Seeketh not her own." Is al- 
ways willing and ready to lend a helping hand to those 
in need. In the Old Testament we have a striking 
illustration of selfishness. Abraham, at the command 
of God, left his native land and came over into Pales- 
tine and brought his nephew, Lot, with him. He set 
up the young man in business, and gave him of his 
herds and flocks. Both prospered and finally the great 
increase in their herds was too much for the pastures. 
Then their herdsmen quarreled. Abraham said to 
Lot : " Let there be no strife, I pray thee, between 
me and thee, ... for we be brethren." You 
take what you want and I will take what you leave. 
Then Lot lifted up his eyes and saw the beautiful 
valley of. the Jordan, with its rich pasture, and the 

' cities of the plain, and he said: " I will take that." 
He left the rough hills to his good uncle. Had he been 
as unselfish as his uncle, who helped him so much, he 
would have said: " Uncle, you take your choice and 
I will take what you leave." Abraham loved the young 
man and made it manifest by his action. 

6. Good Temper. " Is not easily provoked." This 
is coupled with the patience of love. It means that 
love curbs the temper. If you love some one with the 
whole heart, you do not get angry at him easily. You 
will suffer much before becoming provoked. 

A kind-hearted brother had a neighbor who owned 
the adjoining farm — a man of quick temper and not 
a member of any church.. The brother's cattle broke 
into his neighbor's corn-field and ate some of his corn. 
He drove them into the br